Sample records for decision making body

  1. Simulation Supported Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Navy Nuclear Program · Decades of dynamic operations of hundreds of nuclear power plants withoutSimulation Supported Decision Making Gene Allen Naval Surface Warfare Center Carderock Division SI: TO PASS ON WHAT I KNOW on SIMULATION · CAREER FOCUS: HOW TO USE COMPUTERS TO DO HELP MAKE BETTER DECISIONS

  2. Essays in decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Tom Y., 1976-

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the impact of individual decision making on the functioning of firms and markets. The first chapter examines how deviations from strict rationality by individuals impact the market for consumer goods. ...

  3. Three essays in decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weaver, Ray, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation is composed of three essays about consumer judgment and decision making. In Essay 1, I develop a novel explanation for the well-known endowment effect - the tendency for owners to value goods more than ...

  4. Participation in crisis decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsico, Dale Joseph

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that included: departmental secretaries, under secretaries, military officers, and presidential staff. Actions that these indi- viduals pursued that were classified as participation in crisis decision making included: meeting attendance, presenting policy... positions, presenting alternative courses of action, and informing other decision makers of the nature oi a crisis. The data suggest that various patterns of participation occur in different types of crises, and that actors may tend to participate more...

  5. Systems Biology Group Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    entities (e.g., molecular, cellular, organism, ecological) #12;OHIO STATE T . H . E UNIVERSITY Systems/analysis of perception, attention, choice, learning, optimality,... #12;OHIO STATE T . H . E UNIVERSITY Group decision making, evolution and ecology Current work: Modeling/analysis of coordinated motion, foraging, choice

  6. Interactions between learning and decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tulabandhula, Theja

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We quantify the effects of learning and decision making on each other in three parts. In the first part, we look at how knowledge about decision making can influence learning. Let the decision cost be the amount spent by ...

  7. Simulation of human decision making

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forsythe, J. Chris (Sandia Park, NM); Speed, Ann E. (Albuquerque, NM); Jordan, Sabina E. (Albuquerque, NM); Xavier, Patrick G. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for computer emulation of human decision making defines a plurality of concepts related to a domain and a plurality of situations related to the domain, where each situation is a combination of at least two of the concepts. Each concept and situation is represented in the computer as an oscillator output, and each situation and concept oscillator output is distinguishable from all other oscillator outputs. Information is input to the computer representative of detected concepts, and the computer compares the detected concepts with the stored situations to determine if a situation has occurred.

  8. Investigating online decision-making styles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Young A

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As one of the factors influencing consumers purchase behavior, decision-making styles are crucial for understanding consumer shopping behavior and for developing successful marketing strategies. Decision-making styles have been mainly viewed as a...

  9. Advanced Review Judgment and decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischhoff, Baruch

    and social factors that shape and complement the cognitive processes of decision making. The decision shifted its emphasis from predicting choices, which can be successful without theoretical insight, to understanding the processes shaping them. Those processes are often revealed through biases that suggest non

  10. Decision making process and factors routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yichen, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research studies the decision-making process and the factors that affect truck routing. The data collection involved intercept interviews with truck drivers at three rest area and truck stops along major highways in ...

  11. Waste-to-energy: Decision making and the decisions made

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schexnayder, S.M. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)); Wolfe, A.K. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the early 1980s, it was projected that waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities would manage as much as half of all municipal solid waste by the turn of the century. However, during the latter part of the 1980s, the cancellation rate for WTE facilities grew to the point that the portion of the waste stream WTE will handle in the long-term future is less certain. This study, conducted as part of a larger study, identifies factors that influence municipalities, decisions regarding WTE. This study takes a broad perspective about decision-making within communities, emphasizing the context within which decisions were made and the decision-making process. It does not seek to judge the correctness of the decisions.

  12. Waste-to-energy: Decision making and the decisions made

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schexnayder, S.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States); Wolfe, A.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the early 1980s, it was projected that waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities would manage as much as half of all municipal solid waste by the turn of the century. However, during the latter part of the 1980s, the cancellation rate for WTE facilities grew to the point that the portion of the waste stream WTE will handle in the long-term future is less certain. This study, conducted as part of a larger study, identifies factors that influence municipalities, decisions regarding WTE. This study takes a broad perspective about decision-making within communities, emphasizing the context within which decisions were made and the decision-making process. It does not seek to judge the correctness of the decisions.

  13. Examining Decision-Making Regarding Environmental Information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marble, Julie Lynne; Medema, Heather Dawne; Hill, Susan Gardiner

    2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eight participants were asked to view a computer-based multimedia presentation on an environmental phenomenon. Participants were asked to play a role as a senior aide to a national legislator. In this role, they were told that the legislator had asked them to review a multimedia presentation regarding the hypoxic zone phenomenon in the Gulf of Mexico. Their task in assuming the role of a senior aide was to decide how important a problem this issue was to the United States as a whole, and the proportion of the legislators research budget that should be devoted to study of the problem. The presentation was divided into 7 segments, each containing some new information not contained in the previous segments. After viewing each segment, participants were asked to indicate how close they were to making a decision and how certain they were that their current opinion would be their final decision. After indicating their current state of decision-making, participants were interviewed regarding the factors affecting their decision-making. Of interest was the process by which participants moved toward a decision. This experiment revealed a number of possible directions for future research. There appeared to be two approaches to decision-making: Some decision-makers moved steadily toward a decision, and occasionally reversed decisions after viewing information, while others abruptly reached a decision after a certain time period spent reviewing the information. Although the difference in estimates of distance to decisions did not differ statistically for these two groups, that difference was reflected in the participants estimates of confidence that their current opinion would be their final decision. The interviews revealed that the primary difference between these two groups was in their trade-offs between willingness to spend time in information search and the acquisition of new information. Participants who were less confident about their final decision, tended to be the same group of participants who moved slowly toward a decision. These participants also tended to indicate that acquisition of information was more critical than the amount of time spent on the information search. The second group tended to form a set of specific questions for which they desired specific answers. This group was more likely to demonstrate a significant reduction in their distance to a decision much earlier than the first group. In addition, this group tended to be very confident of their final decision and indicated that time spent in information search was more critical than obtaining new information. They indicated that the value of information obtained must remain high to justify the extensive time spent in information search.

  14. Naturalistic Decision Making for Power System Operators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivation Investigations of large-scale outages in the North American interconnected electric system often attribute the causes to three Ts: Trees, Training and Tools. To document and understand the mental processes used by expert operators when making critical decisions, a naturalistic decision making (NDM) model was developed. Transcripts of conversations were analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design An item analysis indicated that the operators Situation Awareness Levels, mental models, and mental simulations can be mapped at different points in the training scenario. This may identify improved training methods or analytical/ visualization tools. Originality/Value This study applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message The NDM approach provides a viable framework for systematic training management to accelerate learning in simulator-based training scenarios for power system operators and teams.

  15. DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Decision Making through the Integration of Program and Project Management with National Environmental Policy Act Compliance DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making...

  16. Implications for decision making: Government perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gruenspecht, H. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Implications for decision making in three areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from a governmental perspective. The first area involves issues related to the apportionment of risk. The second concerns the standard to be applied in evaluated costs. The third encompasses the international equity issues raised by policies to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.

  17. Implications for decision making: Auto industry perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leonard, S.A. [General Motors Technical Center, Warren, MI (United States)

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Implications for decision making in areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from the perspective of the auto industry. Two methods of reducing fuel use are discussed: increasing fuel efficiency of automobiles and reducing vehicle fuel use by other methods. Regulatory and market-driven control of fuel consumption are discussed. It is concluded that the automobile industry would prefer market-driven control of fuel consumption to regulatory control of fuel efficiency.

  18. Implications for decision making: Industrial sector perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mangelsdorf, F.E. [Texaco, Inc., Beacon, NY (United States)

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Implications for decision making in areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from the perspective of the industrial sector. Industry is presented as supportive of energy conservation measures in spite of the large uncertainties in the global warming issue. Perspectives of developed and developing countries are contrasted, and carbon dioxide emissions are compared. Socioeconomic implications of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, particularly in the form of higher prices for goods and services, are outlined.

  19. Naturalistic Decision Making For Power System Operators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin; Robinson, Marck; Ey, Pamela

    2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract: Motivation -- As indicated by the Blackout of 2003, the North American interconnected electric system is vulnerable to cascading outages and widespread blackouts. Investigations of large scale outages often attribute the causes to the three Ts: Trees, Training and Tools. A systematic approach has been developed to document and understand the mental processes that an expert power system operator uses when making critical decisions. The approach has been developed and refined as part of a capability demonstration of a high-fidelity real-time power system simulator under normal and emergency conditions. To examine naturalistic decision making (NDM) processes, transcripts of operator-to-operator conversations are analyzed to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. Findings/Design -- The results of the study indicate that we can map the Situation Awareness Level of the operators at each point in the scenario. We can also identify clearly what mental models and mental simulations are being performed at different points in the scenario. As a result of this research we expect that we can identify improved training methods and improved analytical and visualization tools for power system operators. Originality/Value -- The research applies for the first time, the concepts of Recognition Primed Decision Making, Situation Awareness Levels and Cognitive Task Analysis to training of electric power system operators. Take away message -- The NDM approach provides an ideal framework for systematic training management and mitigation to accelerate learning in team-based training scenarios with high-fidelity power grid simulators.

  20. Money Related Decommissioning and Funding Decision Making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodman, Lynne S. [Detroit Edison Company, 6400 N. Dixie Highway, Newport, Michigan 48162 (United States)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    'Money makes the world go round', as the song says. It definitely influences decommissioning decision-making and financial assurance for future decommissioning. This paper will address two money-related decommissioning topics. The first is the evaluation of whether to continue or to halt decommissioning activities at Fermi 1. The second is maintaining adequacy of financial assurance for future decommissioning of operating plants. Decommissioning costs considerable money and costs are often higher than originally estimated. If costs increase significantly and decommissioning is not well funded, decommissioning activities may be deferred. Several decommissioning projects have been deferred when decision-makers determined future spending is preferable than current spending, or when costs have risen significantly. Decommissioning activity timing is being reevaluated for the Fermi 1 project. Assumptions for waste cost-escalation significantly impact the decision being made this year on the Fermi 1 decommissioning project. They also have a major impact on the estimated costs for decommissioning currently operating plants. Adequately funding full decommissioning during plant operation will ensure that the users who receive the benefit pay the full price of the nuclear-generated electricity. Funding throughout operation also will better ensure that money is available following shutdown to allow decommissioning to be conducted without need for additional funds.

  1. Essays on household decision making in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, James W. (James Wesley)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation contains three essays on household decision making in the areas of education and health in developing countries. The first chapter explores intra-household decision making in the context of conditional ...

  2. attribute decision making: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6, UPM Decision Making in MAS, March 2007 2344 12;About this lecture This course Zachmann, Gabriel 5 How brains make decisions Quantum Physics (arXiv) Summary: This chapter,...

  3. applied decision making: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6, UPM Decision Making in MAS, March 2007 2344 12;About this lecture This course Zachmann, Gabriel 7 How brains make decisions Quantum Physics (arXiv) Summary: This chapter,...

  4. Computer-aided decision making for Medical Device Reporting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jih-Horn

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and answer the questions'- "What to do, How, and When?" MDRSOFT, a computer-aided decision making aid for medical de ricr reporting, attempts to capture dynamic problem- solving knowledge through modeling man processed decision making in the domain...

  5. A decision making framework for cruise ship design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsoufis, George P. (George Paraskevas)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops a new decision making framework for initial cruise ship design. Through review of effectiveness analysis and multi-criteria decision making, a uniform philosophy is created to articulate a framework ...

  6. The Effects of Elite Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Morgen S.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    focuses on two groups of decision makers, candidates running for office and public managers, and the effect of their decisions on the electorate and organization, respectively. The dissertation explores the impact of candidates' decisions regarding...

  7. Evidence-based Decision Making: Influences on Central-Office Administrators' Decision-Making Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haecker, Bonnie Minnia

    2013-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    of this quantitative non-experimental study was to identify the evidence-based decision-making practices of central office administrators (n = 268) and the factors that influence them. Based on the findings in the literature, a survey was developed to collect data...

  8. Decision making in the reactor control room

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, W.R.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most important roles of the nuclear reactor operator is that of decision maker. This paper discusses a simple model of the decision process used by the reactor operator. Resources that must be available so that he can perform the decision process are presented. Decision aids which have been investigated at EG and G Idaho, Inc., as part of the LOFT Augmented Operator Capability Program are briefly discussed. Some general concepts of computerized decision aiding are developed, and the promises and pitfalls of such decision aids are explored. 7 refs., 1 fig.

  9. Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making:...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and Resource Document Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Applying Climate...

  10. Decentralized Decision-making and Protocol Design for Recycled ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ihong

    2006-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Decentralized Decision-making and Protocol. Design for Recycled Material Flows. Reverse logistics networks often consist of several tiers with independent

  11. Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Analysis Prepared for Western Interstate Energy Board Committee on Regional Electric Power Cooperation Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary...

  12. Experiments on decision making and auctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Elizabeth Ann

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Theory (Gilboa and Schmeidler, 1995). The basic premise behind Case-Based Decision Theory (henceforth CBDT) is that a DM uses her past experience to help evaluate current choices, rather than constructing beliefs about certain states of the world...

  13. APPLICATION OF PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS: DECISION MAKING WITH FORECAST UNCERTAINTY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Richard

    1 APPLICATION OF PROBABILISTIC FORECASTS: DECISION MAKING WITH FORECAST UNCERTAINTY Rick Katz.isse.ucar.edu/HP_rick/dmuu.pdf #12;2 QUOTES ON USE OF PROBABILITY FORECASTS · Lao Tzu (Chinese Philosopher) "He who knows does and Value of Probability Forecasts (4) Cost-Loss Decision-Making Model (5) Simulation Example (6) Economic

  14. Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making: An Overview and Future Course

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making: An Overview and Future Course Mica R. Endsley SA Technologies Robert Hoffman Institute for Human-Machine Cognition David Kaber North Carolina State University Emilie Roth Roth Cognitive Engineering ABSTRACT: The field of cognitive engineering and decision making

  15. Smarter Cropping: Internet program helps farmers make decisions about crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 26 Smarter Cropping Internet program helps farmers make decisions about crops Along the coastal plains of Texas, farmers and crop managers are using the Internet to make more informed decisions about growing...

  16. Didactic Decision-Making Process In a Surgery Learning Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Didactic Decision-Making Process In a Surgery Learning Environment Dima Mufti-Alchawafa1 , Vanda.Vadcard}@imag.fr Abstract. In this paper we present our model of the didactic decision-making process and our method environment a model of knowledge (Luengo & al., 2004), a model of knowledge diagnosis and a model of didactic

  17. Fuzzy Multicriteria Decision Making1 Vania Peneva, Ivan Popchev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    vary in time. Fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic are powerful mathematical tools for modeling and control- ling1 6 Fuzzy Multicriteria Decision Making1 Vania Peneva, Ivan Popchev Institute of Information- searching of models for decision making support in multicriteria problems under uncertainties from fuzzy

  18. Economics and Decision-Making for Climate Change and Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmittner, Andreas

    Economics and Decision-Making for Climate Change and Sustainability Subtitle: Climate Change is an Economic Problem­ source and solutions lie in realm of social science Susan M. Capalbo Professor and Head, Applied Economics (formerly

  19. Probabilistic Modeling and Phase 2 Decision Making at the West...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Meeting December 12, 2014 To view all the P&RA CoP 2014 Technical Exchange Meeting videos click here. Video Presentation Probabilistic Modeling and Phase 2 Decision Making at...

  20. Improving enterprise decision-making : the benefits of metric commonality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Alissa H. (Alissa Heather)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this research is to identify a new approach in managing, and making internal program-level decisions from, externally tracked performance metrics. Industry observations indicate the increasing challenge ...

  1. Performance Assessment for Environmental Decision Making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, D.R.; Fewell, M.E.; Gomez, L.S.; Marietta, M.G.; Swift, P.N.; Trauth, K.M.; Vaughn, P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); MacKinnon, R.J. [Applied Physics, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Performance Assessment Departments at Sandia National Laboratories have, over the last twenty (20) years, developed unique, internationally-recognized performance and risk assessment methods to assess options for the safe disposal and remediation of radioactive and non-radioactive hazardous waste/contamination in geohydrologic systems. While these methods were originally developed for the disposal of nuclear waste, ongoing improvements and extensions make them equally applicable to a variety of environmental problems such as those associated with the remediation of EPA designated Superfund sites and the more generic Brownfield sites (industrial sites whose future use is restricted because of real or perceived contamination).

  2. STATE AND TRAIT ANXIETY EFFECTS ON DECISION-MAKING: PREDICTING HEURISTIC VERSUS ANALYTIC STRATEGY ADOPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Hare, Aminda Jo

    2010-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The impact of mood states on decision-making behavior has revealed two styles of decision making: heuristic and analytic (Fiedler, 1991). When the limited research on anxious moods and decision-making style is considered, ...

  3. Environmental Decision Making and Information Technology: Issues Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barg, S.; Fletcher, T.; Mechling, J.; Tonn, B.; Turner, R.

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a summary of the Information Technology and Environmental Decision Making Workshop that was held at Harvard University, October 1-3, 1998. Over sixty participants from across the US took part in discussions that focused on the current practice of using information technology to support environmental decision making and on future considerations of information technology development, information policies, and data quality issues in this area. Current practice is focusing on geographic information systems and visualization tools, Internet applications, and data warehousing. In addition, numerous organizations are developing environmental enterprise systems to integrate environmental information resources. Plaguing these efforts are issues of data quality (and public trust), system design, and organizational change. In the future, much effort needs to focus on building community-based environmental decision-making systems and processes, which will be a challenge given that exactly what needs to be developed is largely unknown and that environmental decision making in this arena has been characterized by a high level of conflict. Experimentation and evaluation are needed to contribute to efficient and effective learning about how best to use information technology to improve environmental decision making.

  4. Risk Analysis and Decision Making FY 2013 Milestone Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.; Dalton, Angela C.; Dale, Crystal; Jones, Edward; Thompson, J.

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Risk analysis and decision making is one of the critical objectives of CCSI, which seeks to use information from science-based models with quantified uncertainty to inform decision makers who are making large capital investments. The goal of this task is to develop tools and capabilities to facilitate the development of risk models tailored for carbon capture technologies, quantify the uncertainty of model predictions, and estimate the technical and financial risks associated with the system. This effort aims to reduce costs by identifying smarter demonstrations, which could accelerate development and deployment of the technology by several years.

  5. Reliability-Based Decision Making: A Comparison of Statistical Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrmann, Jeffrey W.

    Reliability-Based Decision Making: A Comparison of Statistical Approaches J. M. Aughenbaugh whose reliability is well established and a new component that has an unknown reliability. In some scenarios, the designer may have some initial beliefs about the new component's reliability. The designer

  6. Integration of distributed spatial data in a decision making context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Integration of distributed spatial data in a decision making context Christelle Pierkot LIRMM, D deployment of communication networks has facilitated the sharing and exchange of spatial data between sites neither belong to the same organizations, but must cooperate. Spatial data is used to help user

  7. Helping Utilities Make Smart Solar Decisions Utility Barriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    Helping Utilities Make Smart Solar Decisions Utility Barriers Key issues facing deployment of utility-scale solar PV plants. Sandra Burton Regional Director March 8 ­ 9, 2011 Brookhaven National Lab #12;About SEPA Developed by utilities to facilitate the integration of solar electric power. SEPA

  8. LNG, Public Opinion and Decision-making: Conflict in Oregon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Christopher

    LNG, Public Opinion and Decision-making: Conflict in Oregon Lisa MB Harrington Kansas State University #12;2 LNG · Liquified Natural Gas · Natural gas condensed into a liquid by cooling to about -163º;· LNG is considered cleaner than coal and petroleum- based fuels, but development also poses issues

  9. Making Replant Decisions in Cotton SCS-2007-08

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Making Replant Decisions in Cotton SCS-2007-08 Extension AgronomyExtension Agronomy Department Agronomist ­ Cotton Lubbock, TX Dr. Robert Lemon Texas Cooperative Extension Agronomist ­ Cotton College phase of cotton production. Cool temperatures, excessive moisture, hard, packing rains, wind and sand

  10. Developing a Framework to Support Shared Decision Making for Youth Mental Health Medication Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crickard, Elizabeth L.; O'Brien, Megan S.; Rapp, Charles A.; Holmes, Cheryl L.

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Medical shared decision making has demonstrated success in increasing collaboration between clients and practitioners for various health decisions. As the importance of a shared decision making approach becomes ...

  11. A study of decision making in the power plant permitting process in Appalachia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of prior work and prevalent opinion in both private and public sectors suggested that an improved permitting process that assures better communications among decision-making bodies, utility companies and regulating agencies, and which removes inefficiencies could shorten this time lag. Four recently-permitted Appalachian power stations were selected for detailed analysis: Pleasants Power Station, Pleasants County, West Virginia; Miller Steam Plant, Jefferson County, Alabama; Cherokee Power Station, Cherokee County, South Carolina; Homer City Power Station, Indiana County, Pennsylvania.

  12. Decision Making Under Conditions of Uncertainty: Experimental Assessment of Decision Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vedlitz, Arnold; Mintz, Alex; Redd, Steven B.; Liu, Xinsheng; Alston, Letitia T.

    2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Letitia T. Alston, Ph.D. ? Institute for Science, Technology and Public Policy, Bush School C O L L A B O R AT O R S Steven B. Redd, Ph.D. ? Department of Political Science, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Mark K. Davis, Ph.D. ? National Defense..., Alex Mintz, Steven B. Redd, Xinsheng Liu, and Letitia T. Alston. Decision Making Under Conditions of Uncertainty: Experimental Assessment of Decision Models. (March 2005). A report to the National Defense University by the Institute for Science...

  13. Needs for Risk Informing Environmental Cleanup Decision Making - 13613

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Ming; Moorer, Richard [U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20585 (United States)] [U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20585 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the needs for risk informing decision making by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM). The mission of the DOE EM is to complete the safe cleanup of the environmental legacy brought about from the nation's five decades of nuclear weapons development and production and nuclear energy research. This work represents some of the most technically challenging and complex cleanup efforts in the world and is projected to require the investment of billions of dollars and several decades to complete. Quantitative assessments of health and environmental risks play an important role in work prioritization and cleanup decisions of these challenging environmental cleanup and closure projects. The risk assessments often involve evaluation of performance of integrated engineered barriers and natural systems over a period of hundreds to thousands of years, when subject to complex geo-environmental transformation processes resulting from remediation and disposal actions. The requirement of resource investments for the cleanup efforts and the associated technical challenges have subjected the EM program to continuous scrutiny by oversight entities. Recent DOE reviews recommended application of a risk-informed approach throughout the EM complex for improved targeting of resources. The idea behind this recommendation is that by using risk-informed approaches to prioritize work scope, the available resources can be best utilized to reduce environmental and health risks across the EM complex, while maintaining the momentum of the overall EM cleanup program at a sustainable level. In response to these recommendations, EM is re-examining its work portfolio and key decision making with risk insights for the major sites. This paper summarizes the review findings and recommendations from the DOE internal reviews, discusses the needs for risk informing the EM portfolio and makes an attempt to identify topics for R and D in integrated risk assessment that could assist in the EM prioritization efforts. (authors)

  14. Implications for decision making: The electric utilities` perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, W.L. [Edison Electric Inst., Washington, DC (United States)

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Implications for decision making in three areas related to policy towards greenhouse gas emissions are discussed from the perspective of the electric industry. The first area addresses economic factors in the electric industry. The second concerns the interrelationship of energy, electricity and the environment, and the global climate change issue. The third addresses the global context of the issue. It is concluded that a comprehensive examination of international implications of governmental policy should be made before implementation of carbon emissions limitations, and that limiting electricity demand could negatively affect economic growth and the environment.

  15. Influence Diagrams as Decision-Making Tools for Pesticide Risk Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Michael C.

    Influence Diagrams as Decision-Making Tools for Pesticide Risk Management John F Carriger on using decision analysis with influence diagrams (IDs) for pesticide risk management decisions. The ID risk decision making are less common. An influence diagram approach is proposed for ecological risk

  16. action-based decision making: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6, UPM Decision Making in MAS, March 2007 2344 12;About this lecture This course Zachmann, Gabriel 3 How brains make decisions Quantum Physics (arXiv) Summary: This chapter,...

  17. UNCG Technology Decision-Making Processes Information Technology Services (ITS), 10/31/2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saidak, Filip

    UNCG Technology Decision-Making Processes Information Technology Services Technology Services & Chief Information Officer reports to the Chancellor, & all. · University Policy-making and Major Campus-wide Technology Decisions · IT Governance

  18. Compact parametric models for efficient sequential decision making in high-dimensional, uncertain domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunskill, Emma Patricia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Within artificial intelligence and robotics there is considerable interest in how a single agent can autonomously make sequential decisions in large, high-dimensional, uncertain domains. This thesis presents decision-making ...

  19. Decision Making for a Sustainable Chemical Process Xun Jin and Karen A. High

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High, Karen

    Decision Making for a Sustainable Chemical Process Xun Jin and Karen A. High School of Chemical-744-5280, Fax:405-744-6338 xun.jin@okstate.edu, high@okstate.edu ABSTRACT Decision-making for sustainability condition and various techniques. The different features in characterizing sustainability oriented decision

  20. Public Discourse in Energy Policy Decision-Making: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Idaho Citizen; Eileen DeShazo; John Freemuth; Tina Giannini; Troy Hall; Ann Hunter; Jeffrey C. Joe; Michael Louis; Carole Nemnich; Jennie Newman; Steven J. Piet; Stephen Sorensen; Paulina Starkey; Kendelle Vogt; Patrick Wilson

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ground is littered with projects that failed because of strong public opposition, including natural gas and coal power plants proposed in Idaho over the past several years. This joint project , of the Idaho National Laboratory, Boise State University, Idaho State University and University of Idaho has aimed to add to the tool box to reduce project risk through encouraging the public to engage in more critical thought and be more actively involved in public or social issues. Early in a project, project managers and decision-makers can talk with no one, pro and con stakeholder groups, or members of the public. Experience has shown that talking with no one outside of the project incurs high risk because opposition stakeholders have many means to stop most (if not all) energy projects. Talking with organized stakeholder groups provides some risk reduction from mutual learning, but organized groups tend not to change positions except under conditions of a negotiated settlement. Achieving a negotiated settlement may be impossible. Furthermore, opposition often arises outside pre-existing groups. Standard public polling provides some information but does not reveal underlying motivations, intensity of attitudes, etc. Improved methods are needed that probe deeper into stakeholder (organized groups and members of the public) values and beliefs/heuristics to increase the potential for change of opinions and/or out-of-box solutions. The term heuristics refers to the mental short-cuts, underlying beliefs, and paradigms that everyone uses to filter and interpret information, to interpret what is around us, and to guide our actions and decisions. This document is the final report of a 3-year effort to test different public discourse methods in the subject area of energy policy decision-making. We analyzed 504 mail-in surveys and 80 participants in groups on the Boise State University campus for their preference, financial support, and evaluations of eight attributes for energy conservation and efficiency, fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydropower, and renewable energy. All participants saw a 7-person diverse energy expert panel. Some participants attended deliberation sessions; some received a 35-page briefing document that included pros and cons of the different energy options.

  1. Decision making on the sole basis of statistical likelihood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a new axiomatic decision theory for choice under uncertainty. Unlike Bayesian decision theory where uncertainty is represented by a probability function, in our theory, uncertainty is given in the form ...

  2. Including model uncertainty in risk-informed decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reinert, Joshua M

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Model uncertainties can have a significant impact on decisions regarding licensing basis changes. We present a methodology to identify basic events in the risk assessment that have the potential to change the decision and ...

  3. Revised process for work zone decision-making based on quantitative performance measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, Thomas Wayne

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    importantly, the revised decision-making process incorporates a feedback loop. Quantitative data collected in work zones is analyzed after the work zone is complete, to determine the impacts specific decisions had on mobility in the work zone. The lessons...

  4. An experimental test of the poliheuristic theory of foreign policy decision making using military leaders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carnes, Amy Elizabeth

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a study in foreign policy decision making which assesses the impact of dynamic choice sets (where new alternatives appear during the decision process), on strategy selection and choice in international politics. The hypotheses tested involve...

  5. 16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian C.

    This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

  6. 16.410 / 16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian

    This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, ...

  7. Delegation in Tourism Decision Making: Toward an Understanding of the Role of Social Surrogate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Matthew John

    2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    components of decision delegation. A second model revealed that high purchase involvement, desire to control others, relinquishing control, and propensity to make risky decisions led to the desire to choose. A desire to relinquish control led to deferring...

  8. Climate Change Scenario Planning in Alaska's National Parks: Stakeholder Involvement in the Decision-Making Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernst, Kathleen M [ORNL] [ORNL; Van Riemsdijk, Dr. Micheline [University of Tennessee (UT)] [University of Tennessee (UT)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article studies the participation of stakeholders in climate change decision-making in Alaska s National Parks. We place stakeholder participation within literatures on environmental and climate change decision-making. We conducted participant observation and interviews in two planning workshops to investigate the decision-making process, and our findings are three-fold. First, the inclusion of diverse stakeholders expanded climate change decision-making beyond National Park Service (NPS) institutional constraints. Second, workshops of the Climate Change Scenario Planning Project (CCSPP) enhanced institutional understandings of participants attitudes towards climate change and climate change decision-making. Third, the geographical context of climate change influences the decision-making process. As the first regional approach to climate change decision-making within the NPS, the CCSPP serves as a model for future climate change planning in public land agencies. This study shows how the participation of stakeholders can contribute to robust decisions, may move climate change decision-making beyond institutional barriers, and can provide information about attitudes towards climate change decision-making.

  9. Robust Decision Making using a General Utility Set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences ... Utility is a fundamental concept in economics and decision theory. In this paper, we study a

  10. Learned Human-in-the-Loop Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basso, Brandon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Planning Problem Some smart quote Introduction Decision problems underpin nearly all activities in systems ranging from individual robots, to networked power grids.

  11. Small Manufacturer Strategic Decision Making Assistance Tool (SMSDM): a Case Study of a Small Oklahoma Manufacturer.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robertson, William D.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The propose was to design an informative analytical tool for small Oklahoma manufacturing firms that would assist in their strategic planning and decision making processes. (more)

  12. 2009 EMS Users Conference Expert Operator Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , abnormal summaries, charts, map boards) that reflect thousands of variables 7 #12;Power Grid Operations National Laboratory September 16, 2009 PNNL-SA-68226 #12;Overview Power Grid Expert Operator Decision Model Improvements Operator Decision Model: An application of Cognitive Science Power grid operations: Complex

  13. Climate change scenario planning in Alaska's National Parks: Stakeholder involvement in the decision-making process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernst, Kathleen M [ORNL] [ORNL; Van Riemsdijk, Dr. Micheline [University of Tennessee (UT)] [University of Tennessee (UT)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article studies the participation of stakeholders in climate change decision-making in Alaska s National Parks. We place stakeholder participation within literatures on environmental and climate change decision-making. We conducted participant observation and interviews in two planning workshops to investigate the decision-making process, and our findings are three-fold. First, the inclusion of diverse stakeholders expanded climate change decision-making beyond National Park Service (NPS) institutional constraints. Second, workshops of the Climate Change Scenario Planning Project (CCSPP) enhanced institutional understandings of participants attitudes towards climate change and climate change decision-making. Third, the geographical context of climate change influences the decisionmaking process. As the first regional approach to climate change decision-making within the NPS, the CCSPP serves as a model for future climate change planning in public land agencies. This study shows how the participation of stakeholders can contribute to robust decisions, may move climate change decision-making beyond institutional barriers, and can provide information about attitudes towards climate change decision-making.

  14. Two Axiomatic Approaches to Decision Making Using Possibility Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giang, Phan H.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2005-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    . Uncertainty about which possible state will occur is represented by a possibility distribution that is a mapping ? : S ? V such that max s?S ?(s) = 1. The possibility of a subset A ?S, ?(A) def =max s?A ?(s). Let X = {x 1 ,x 2 ,...x n } denote a ?nite set... of consequences or prizes. To avoid trivialities, X is assumed to have at least two distinct elements, i.e., n ? 2. A decision is a mapping d : S ? X. That is, decision d results in con- sequence d(s) if state s occurs. Notice that each decision d induces a pos...

  15. Reliability improvement project decision making : water cooling system redesign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devine, Paul (Paul S.)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deciding on which reliability & performance improvement projects to launch or to reject has historically been an extremely challenging responsibility of Teradyne management. Incorrect decisions can lead to major customer ...

  16. Decision-making processes in shipping acquisitions and shipbuilding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroulis, Vasileios

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this thesis is to expand and analyze the decisions that are constantly being made by shipping companies concerning acquisition of newbuildings, the construction of newbuildings, operational aspects as well ...

  17. Multi-criteria decision-making process for buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J. D.; Curtner, A.

    2000-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper focuses on a process designed to facilitate two key decisions early in the building design process that are critical to a building's sustainability. As vital decisions are made during the building's design, the process and accompanying tools assist the design team in prioritizing their goals, setting performance targets, and evaluating design options to ensure that the most important issues affecting building sustainability are considered.

  18. GeoDec: A Framework to Effectively Visualize and Query Geospatial Data for Decision-Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    GeoDec: A Framework to Effectively Visualize and Query Geospatial Data for Decision-Making Cyrus-to-end system that enables geospatial decision-making by virtualizing the real-world geolocations. With GeoDec, first the geolocation of interest is rapidly and realistically simulated and all relevant geospatial

  19. Final Evidence-based Decision Making (EBDM) documentation Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Final Evidence-based Decision Making (EBDM) documentation for the Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management Updated with Findings and Action Plans Fiscal Year 2012 Office of Strategic Research and Enrollment Management FY12 Plans and Outcomes - Worksheet on Evidence-Based Decision Making (EBDM) Campus

  20. Environmental Analysis and Decision Making The Wiess School of Natural Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    175 Environmental Analysis and Decision Making The Wiess School of Natural Sciences Director of new science-based products. Degree Requirements for M.S. in Environmental Analysis and Decision Making in spring) CEVE 401 Introduction to Environmental Chemistry with lab MGMT 750 Management for Science

  1. Water Managers' Strategies for Addressing Uncertainty in Their Use of GIS for Decision-Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    Water Managers' Strategies for Addressing Uncertainty in Their Use of GIS for Decision-Making Jason for a Desert City GIS and Decision-Making Water managers cited a variety of uses of GIS within their respective to avoid conflict with land owners and critical habitat. Figure 3. GIS Uses Cited by Water Managers 0 2 4 6

  2. SCALE, CONTEXT, AND DECISION MAKING IN AGRICULTURAL ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risbey, James S.

    SCALE, CONTEXT, AND DECISION MAKING IN AGRICULTURAL ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE of climate variability and change in agricultural adaptation, and developed for a case study of Australian, agriculture, climate change, decision-making, variability 1. Introduction The global agricultural industry

  3. EXPLORING DECISION-MAKING METHODS FOR SUSTAINABLE DESIGN IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommelein, Iris D.

    EXPLORING DECISION-MAKING METHODS FOR SUSTAINABLE DESIGN IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS by Paz Arroyo for Sustainable Design in Commercial Buildings Copyright 2014 by Paz Arroyo #12;1 ABSTRACT Exploring Decision-Making Methods for Sustainable Design in Commercial Buildings by Paz Arroyo Doctor

  4. Environmental laws regulating chemicals: Uses of information in decision making under environmental statutes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaba, J.M. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States)

    1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Three areas are addressed in this paper: generic issues that arise simply in the process of decision-making under environmental statutes; different decision-making standards under various environmental statutes; and efforts to legislate a {open_quotes}safe{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}acceptable{close_quotes} risk from exposure to carcinogenic chemicals.

  5. DECISION-MAKING AND ECOSYSTEM-BASED MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Rick L.

    options is reviewed and applied to ecosystem-based management. The model recommends a public decision process unless developing new alternatives is not possible, in which case segmented public consultation question involves the kind of public participation strategy to use. For ecosystem-based management to reach

  6. 1 Decision Making Key Question: "Are you Rational?"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Reilly, Randall C.

    %) $6. c) (02%) An inferior pen (makes Cross pen look relatively better). #12;9 Sunk Costs Anybody walk've paid, you can't get your $ back (sunk costs), so you might as well do whatever makes you happiest.. 10

  7. Decision making technical support study for the US Army's Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.L.; Dobson, J.E.

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the adequacy of current command and control systems designed to make timely decisions that would enable sufficient warning and protective response to an accident at the Edgewood area of Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG), Maryland, and at Pine Bluff Arsenal (PBA), Arkansas. Institutional procedures designed to facilitate rapid accident assessment, characterization, warning, notification, and response after the onset of an emergency and computer-assisted decision-making aids designed to provide salient information to on- and-off-post emergency responders are examined. The character of emergency decision making at APG and PBA, as well as potential needs for improvements to decision-making practices, procedures, and automated decision-support systems (ADSSs), are described and recommendations are offered to guide equipment acquisition and improve on- and off-post command and control relationships. We recommend that (1) a continued effort be made to integrate on- and off-post command control, and decision-making procedures to permit rapid decision making; (2) the pathways for alert and notification among on- and off-post officials be improved and that responsibilities and chain of command among off-post agencies be clarified; (3) greater attention be given to organizational and social context factors that affect the adequacy of response and the likelihood that decision-making systems will work as intended; and (4) faster improvements be made to on-post ADSSs being developed at APG and PBA, which hold considerable promise for depicting vast amounts of information. Phased development and procurement of computer-assisted decision-making tools should be undertaken to balance immediate needs against available resources and to ensure flexibility, equity among sites, and compatibility among on- and off-post systems. 112 refs., 6 tabs.

  8. Linking MODFLOW with an Agent-Based Land-Use Model to Support Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Linking MODFLOW with an Agent-Based Land-Use Model to Support Decision Making by Howard W. Reeves1 improve water resources management by illustrating the nonlinear behavior of the coupled system (Pahl systems arise from the decisions of many individuals and groups (Holland 1995; Batty 2005). For the agent

  9. Final Evidence-based Decision Making documentation Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Final Evidence-based Decision Making documentation for the Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management Office of Strategic Research and Analysis July 31, 2006 #12;Georgia Southern University - Student Affairs and Enrollment Management FY06 FINAL July 30, 2006 Worksheet on Evidence-Based Decision

  10. A Graphical Framework for Spectrum Modeling and Decision Making in Cognitive Radio Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    1 A Graphical Framework for Spectrum Modeling and Decision Making in Cognitive Radio Networks occupancies in cognitive radio networks. It is known that there exist correlations of spectrum occupancies for the inference and decision problems related to spectrum ac- tivities in cognitive radio networks. Bayesian

  11. Decision making in fuzzy discrete event systems F. Lin a,c,*, H. Ying a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Feng

    includes a FDES decision model, a fuzzy objective generator for generating optimal control objectives Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Keywords: Discrete event systems; Fuzzy logic; Decision making; HIV ``good'' to ``bad''. For such applications, we need to introduce fuzzy logic to DES. In a conference

  12. Making Weighty Decisions: Do Pre-Service Teachers Understand the Impact of Data-Driven Decisions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Lauren E.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    that students with emotional and behavioral disabilities (EBD) are in critical need of best practice or evidence based instruction, behavioral interventions, and classroom management strategies selected and implemented with teacher use of data-based decision...

  13. Sustainable Transportation Decision-Making: Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) and Total Cost Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hwan Yong

    2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    the TUT research generated diverse variables and created possible implementations of spatial decision support system (SDSS), the methodology still demands improvement. The current method has been developed to create suitable routes but is not designed...

  14. Spirituality and Race in Career Decision Making: Perspectives of Blacks Who Recently Graduated from Undergraduate Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner-Driver, Tonya

    2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    ) in the southwest region of the US. This study used career decision making, Black racial identity, spiritual development, and career calling concepts as its conceptual framework. Semi-structured life story interviews were conducted, transcribed, and analyzed...

  15. Maintenance decision making tool reaching a compromise between maintainability and reliability performances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    or scheduled preventive maintenance) to condition-based or predictive maintenance strategies preventive maintenance actions, in the sense that planned production stoppages within this temporal horizonMaintenance decision making tool reaching a compromise between maintainability and reliability

  16. MULTIAGENT DECISION MAKING FOR SME SUPPLY CHAIN Jihene Tounsi Julien Boissire Georges Habchi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    MULTIAGENT DECISION MAKING FOR SME SUPPLY CHAIN SIMULATION Jihene Tounsi Julien Boissière Georges of autonomous actors and SME networks which collaborate to achieve a given process. Secondly, the studied SMEs

  17. New information technologies in public participation : a challenge to old decision-making institutional frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferraz de Abreu, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Given the progress in information technology (IT) in the past 30 years, I hypothesized that new conditions exist for considerable improvements in public participation in decision-making. In order to test my hypothesis, I ...

  18. InterTwinkles : online tools for non-hierarchical, consensus-oriented decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeTar, Charles (Charles Frederick)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-hierarchical, participatory, consensus-based decision making has seen an explosion in popularity in recent years. The traditional techniques of formal consensus, however, are limited to face-to-face meetings, which can ...

  19. Improving customer order visibility to enable improved planning and decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krause, Karla M. (Karla Margarete)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The General Purpose Drives organization of ABB Switzerland does not capture sufficient data on the movement of customer orders through the production process to make efficient decisions on where to allocate improvement ...

  20. Critical Issues for Psychiatric Medication Shared Decision Making With Youth and Families

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, Megan S.; Crickard, Elizabeth L.; Rapp, Charles A.; Holmes, Cheryl L.; McDonald, Thomas P.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary aims of this article are to describe the current context for youth shared decision making (SDM) within the U.S. childrens mental health system and to identify important considerations for the development of ...

  1. Investigating the Relationship between the Perceptions of Principals and Teachers on Site-Based Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, Sandra Deshon

    2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this record of study was to investigate the nature of relationships between the perceptions of principals and teachers on site-based decision making (SBDM) and to uncover patterns existing in relationships between and among state...

  2. A Decision-Making Model for the Asian Intelligent Building Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, J.; Chen, Z.; Li, H.; Xu, Q.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper presents a multi-criteria decision-making model to evaluate the sustainable performances of intelligent buildings based on the Asian IB index, which is recommended by the Asian Institute of Intelligent Buildings. To undertake this task...

  3. Decision making based on optical excitation transfer via near-field interactions between quantum dots

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naruse, Makoto, E-mail: naruse@nict.go.jp [Photonic Network Research Institute, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 4-2-1 Nukui-kita, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8795 (Japan); Nomura, Wataru; Ohtsu, Motoichi [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2-11-16 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Aono, Masashi [Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguru-ku, Tokyo 152-8550 (Japan); PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi-shi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Sonnefraud, Yannick; Drezet, Aurlien; Huant, Serge [Universit Grenoble Alpes, Inst. NEEL, F-38000 Grenoble (France); CNRS, Inst. NEEL, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Kim, Song-Ju [WPI Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)

    2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical near-field interactions between nanostructured matters, such as quantum dots, result in unidirectional optical excitation transfer when energy dissipation is induced. This results in versatile spatiotemporal dynamics of the optical excitation, which can be controlled by engineering the dissipation processes and exploited to realize intelligent capabilities such as solution searching and decision making. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the ability to solve a decision making problem on the basis of optical excitation transfer via near-field interactions by using colloidal quantum dots of different sizes, formed on a geometry-controlled substrate. We characterize the energy transfer behavior due to multiple control light patterns and experimentally demonstrate the ability to solve the multi-armed bandit problem. Our work makes a decisive step towards the practical design of nanophotonic systems capable of efficient decision making, one of the most important intellectual attributes of the human brain.

  4. -Differences from the General Principles of the Decision-making Procedures, April 2009 / Page 1 of 4 International Programmes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blatt, Rainer

    of the quality of the decision-making procedures in the partner organization(s). The internal procedures differ to the partner organization(s). Funding decision The funding decision is taken according to standard FWF of 4 International Programmes Differences from the General Principles of Decision-making Procedures

  5. To understand the cognitive processes involved with probability judgment, decision making, and choice, to explore the implications these processes for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dougherty, Michael

    , and choice, to explore the implications these processes for understanding real-world decision makingObjective To understand the cognitive processes involved with probability judgment, decision making at understanding the cognitive processes underlying diagnostic hypothesis generation and human judgment

  6. Other people's kids: community decision-making and the birth control debate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Legg, Nina Anderson

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OTHER PEOPLE'S KIDS: COMMUNITy DECISION-MAKING AND THE BIRTH CONTROL DEBATE A Thesis by Nina Anderson Legg Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF ARTS August 1992 Major Subject: Speech Communication OTHER PEOPLE'S KIDS: COMMUNITy DECISION-MAKING AND THE BIRTH CONTROL DEBATE A Thesis by Nina Anderson Legg Approved as to style and content by: Charles R. Conrad (Chair of Committee...

  7. Decision making in a non-profit engineering environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christensen, D.C.

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A conceptual management framework is developed and applied in a science and engineering organization located within a non-profit, public institution. The goal of this research is to select a set of projects whose combined contributions to the organization`s strategic interests satisfy sponsor desires and can be completed within existing time and resource constraints. The development of the rationale for project selection and implementation within the plutonium facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory is studied. This includes the integration of prioritization decision tools, optimization techniques, and advanced planning and scheduling tools. The Nuclear Materials Technology Division is the custodian of the plutonium facility, whose mission is to develop, demonstrate, and deploy technologies necessary to address the nation`s and world`s plutonium problems. This includes management of nuclear weapon stockpile components, stabilization of plutonium residues, clean-up of contaminated soils and facilities, support to non-proliferation and arms control initiatives, and the eventual disposition of surplus plutonium. In this study, projects are evaluated against selection criteria deemed to be of critical program importance. The Analytic Hierarchy Process is used to evaluate and rank the importance of the suite of candidate projects. Because individual projects may be of interest to a number of business sectors and sponsors, the approach must be capable of using funding sources in an integrated manner in order to meet overall facility and program strategies. Finally, project planning and scheduling tools are integrated into the decision network in order to ensure that appropriate resource leveling occurs and that the actual project selection takes into account the temporal relationships among available resources.

  8. Making Risk Models Operational for Situational Awareness and Decision Support

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paulson, Patrick R.; Coles, Garill A.; Shoemaker, Steven V.

    2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Modernization of nuclear power operations control systems, in particular the move to digital control systems, creates an opportunity to modernize existing legacy infrastructure and extend plant life. We describe here decision support tools that allow the assessment of different facets of risk and support the optimization of available resources to reduce risk as plants are upgraded and maintained. This methodology could become an integrated part of the design review process and a part of the operations management systems. The methodology can be applied to the design of new reactors such as small nuclear reactors (SMR), and be helpful in assessing the risks of different configurations of the reactors. Our tool provides a low cost evaluation of alternative configurations and provides an expanded safety analysis by considering scenarios while early in the implementation cycle where cost impacts can be minimized. The effects of failures can be modeled and thoroughly vetted to understand their potential impact on risk. The process and tools presented here allow for an integrated assessment of risk by supporting traditional defense in depth approaches while taking into consideration the insertion of new digital instrument and control systems.

  9. Risk perception & strategic decision making :general insights, a framework, and specific application to electricity generation using nuclear energy.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brewer, Jeffrey D.

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this report is to promote increased understanding of decision making processes and hopefully to enable improved decision making regarding high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological systems. This report brings together insights regarding risk perception and decision making across domains ranging from nuclear power technology safety, cognitive psychology, economics, science education, public policy, and neural science (to name a few). It forms them into a unique, coherent, concise framework, and list of strategies to aid in decision making. It is suggested that all decision makers, whether ordinary citizens, academics, or political leaders, ought to cultivate their abilities to separate the wheat from the chaff in these types of decision making instances. The wheat includes proper data sources and helpful human decision making heuristics; these should be sought. The chaff includes ''unhelpful biases'' that hinder proper interpretation of available data and lead people unwittingly toward inappropriate decision making ''strategies''; obviously, these should be avoided. It is further proposed that successfully accomplishing the wheat vs. chaff separation is very difficult, yet tenable. This report hopes to expose and facilitate navigation away from decision-making traps which often ensnare the unwary. Furthermore, it is emphasized that one's personal decision making biases can be examined, and tools can be provided allowing better means to generate, evaluate, and select among decision options. Many examples in this report are tailored to the energy domain (esp. nuclear power for electricity generation). The decision making framework and approach presented here are applicable to any high-consequence, highly sophisticated technological system.

  10. The Impact of Delegating Decision Making to IT on the Sunk Cost Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrmann, Philipp N; Rahman, Mohammad S

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this research, we investigate the impact of delegating decision making to information technology (IT) on an important human decision bias - the sunk cost effect. To address our research question, we use a unique and very rich dataset provided by an auction website containing actual market transaction data for approximately 7,000 pay-per-bid auctions. We analyze direct buy decisions of auction participants who did not plan to exercise the direct buy option prior to the beginning of the auction, but who, after failing to win the auction, did buy the product directly because of their normatively irrelevant sunk investments. Not surprisingly, participants with a higher monetary investment have an increased likelihood of violating the assumption of rationality due to the sunk cost effect. Interestingly, after controlling for monetary investments, participants who delegate their decision making to IT and, consequently, have comparably lower behavioral investments (e.g., emotional attachment, effort, time) are le...

  11. Effective early planning and integration of NEPA into the decision-making process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hannon, W.C.; Gensler, J.D. (Allen and Hamilton, Inc., Bethesda, MD (United States))

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper covers several key challenges and lessons learned in a federal agency assignment to educate the decision makers in NEPA and then to effectuate decisions early in the decision-making process based on the information derived from the NEPA process participants and documentation. Many of the key challenges faced by these federal decision makers stem, in part, from unfamiliarity with NEPA requirements and the benefits that can be derived by utilizing the process to support making an informed decision. Secondly, federal managers, at times believe that the process is a hindrance to accomplishing their mission. Lastly, there was a genuine belief that the public and other organizations within the agency should have no part in evaluating or commenting on the proposed action. Using the knowledge gained from drafting and reviewing EISs and EAs, Booz, Allen devised a systematic process that effectively: educated management on NEPA requirements; developed a management tool to guide and integrate the process; and encouraged the early and effective use of environmental and social information into all decision-making processes.

  12. Gains and losses in the eyes of the beholder: a comparative study of foreign policy decision making under risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yi

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Prospect theory is a descriptive model of individual decision-making under risk (Kahneman and Tversky 1979). The central tenet of prospect theory posits that the risk orientation of decision-makers is affected by the gains vs. losses domains...

  13. Feasibility of neuro-morphic computing to emulate error-conflict based decision making.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Branch, Darren W.

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A key aspect of decision making is determining when errors or conflicts exist in information and knowing whether to continue or terminate an action. Understanding the error-conflict processing is crucial in order to emulate higher brain functions in hardware and software systems. Specific brain regions, most notably the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) are known to respond to the presence of conflicts in information by assigning a value to an action. Essentially, this conflict signal triggers strategic adjustments in cognitive control, which serve to prevent further conflict. The most probable mechanism is the ACC reports and discriminates different types of feedback, both positive and negative, that relate to different adaptations. Unique cells called spindle neurons that are primarily found in the ACC (layer Vb) are known to be responsible for cognitive dissonance (disambiguation between alternatives). Thus, the ACC through a specific set of cells likely plays a central role in the ability of humans to make difficult decisions and solve challenging problems in the midst of conflicting information. In addition to dealing with cognitive dissonance, decision making in high consequence scenarios also relies on the integration of multiple sets of information (sensory, reward, emotion, etc.). Thus, a second area of interest for this proposal lies in the corticostriatal networks that serve as an integration region for multiple cognitive inputs. In order to engineer neurological decision making processes in silicon devices, we will determine the key cells, inputs, and outputs of conflict/error detection in the ACC region. The second goal is understand in vitro models of corticostriatal networks and the impact of physical deficits on decision making, specifically in stressful scenarios with conflicting streams of data from multiple inputs. We will elucidate the mechanisms of cognitive data integration in order to implement a future corticostriatal-like network in silicon devices for improved decision processing.

  14. Relevance of behavioral and social models to the study of consumer energy decision making and behavior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burns, B.A.

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report reviews social and behavioral science models and techniques for their possible use in understanding and predicting consumer energy decision making and behaviors. A number of models and techniques have been developed that address different aspects of the decision process, use different theoretical bases and approaches, and have been aimed at different audiences. Three major areas of discussion were selected: (1) models of adaptation to social change, (2) decision making and choice, and (3) diffusion of innovation. Within these three areas, the contributions of psychologists, sociologists, economists, marketing researchers, and others were reviewed. Five primary components of the models were identified and compared. The components are: (1) situational characteristics, (2) product characteristics, (3) individual characteristics, (4) social influences, and (5) the interaction or decision rules. The explicit use of behavioral and social science models in energy decision-making and behavior studies has been limited. Examples are given of a small number of energy studies which applied and tested existing models in studying the adoption of energy conservation behaviors and technologies, and solar technology.

  15. A Community on Ecosystem Services Linking Science, Practice and Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    , and on topics related to urban ecosystem services and their valuation. This conference will once again provideACES 2014 A Community on Ecosystem Services Linking Science, Practice and Decision Making December, DC, USA 1 Welcome to ACES 2014! On behalf of A Community on Ecosystem Services (ACES) and our

  16. Final Evidence-based Decision Making documentation Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Final Evidence-based Decision Making documentation for the Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management Fiscal Year 2008 Office of Strategic Research and Analysis June 17, 2008 #12;Georgia Southern University - Student Affairs and Enrollment Management FY08 Plans and Outcomes - Worksheet

  17. Final Evidence-based Decision Making (EBDM) documentation Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Final Evidence-based Decision Making (EBDM) documentation for the Division of Student Affairs and Enrollment Management Fiscal Year 2011 Office of Strategic Research and Analysis February 17, 2012 #12;Georgia Southern University - Student Affairs and Enrollment Management FY11 Plans and Outcomes

  18. Approximate Decision Making in Large-Scale Distributed Systems Minos Garofalakis Anthony D. Joseph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garofalakis, Minos

    envision two open problems: efficiently performing on- line decision making with low communication overhead and optimiz- ing the behaviors of the underlying systems (e.g., datacenter design, network resource learning community should now focus on the design of algorithms that function well with limited data. We

  19. Chemical enterprise model and decision-making framework for sustainable chemical product design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Chemical enterprise model and decision-making framework for sustainable chemical product design, LGC (Laboratoire de Ge´nie Chimique), F-31432 Toulouse Cedex 04, France 1. Introduction The chemical often strongly impact the environment and people's health and safety. Indeed chemical industries

  20. Paternal Genetic Effects on Foraging Decision-Making Under the Risk of Predation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neff, Bryan D.

    - cific. Less attention has been given to other factors that may affect foraging decision-making such as conversion efficiency. Conversion efficiency is a measure of an individ- ual's ability to convert food differences in conversion efficiency. Ethology Ethology 112 (2006) 963­970 ª 2006 The Authors Journal

  1. As sustainability becomes integrated into public policy decision making,comprehensive and easily accessible sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    As sustainability becomes integrated into public policy decision making,comprehensive and easily accessible sustainability information will be needed to assist policy analysis.As visual analytics emerges as a major tool of policy analysis,sustainability information,particularly sustainability indicators

  2. The Decision-Making Process in Percutaneous Coronary Interventions Lutz Prechelt and Peter Lanzer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prechelt, Lutz

    The Decision-Making Process in Percutaneous Coronary Interventions Lutz Prechelt and Peter Lanzer 1 supplying these tools is increasingly trying to create the impression that percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a simple and straightforward procedure. It is nothing of the sort. In PCI, in fact

  3. Using the PROMETHEE Multi-Criteria Decision Making Method to Define New Exploration Strategies for Rescue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the environment. The aim of the exploration process is to cover the whole environment in a minimum period of timeUsing the PROMETHEE Multi-Criteria Decision Making Method to Define New Exploration Strategies University CNRS, UMR 6072 GREYC F-14032 Caen, France serge.stinckwich@ird.fr Abstract -- The exploration

  4. MultiCriteria Decision Making for Sustainability-Oriented Chemical Process Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High, Karen

    MultiCriteria Decision Making for Sustainability-Oriented Chemical Process Design Xun Jin and Karen), Sustainability, Multi-Objective Programming (MOP), Williams-Otto (WO) process, Multiobjective Evolutionary, sustainability has more than ever been elaborated in a wide variety of contexts, including chemical process

  5. Distributed Smart-home Decision-making in a Hierarchical Interactive Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayaweera, Sudharman K.

    1 Distributed Smart-home Decision-making in a Hierarchical Interactive Smart Grid Architecture Ding develop a comprehensive real-time interactive framework for the Utility and customers in a smart grid complicated smart grid architectures beyond the assumed abstract model. Index Terms--Bayesian Nash equilibria

  6. Decision-making mechanisms in the brain Gustavo Deco* and Edmund T. Rolls^

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolls, Edmund T.

    of perceptual and cognitive evidence for making the decision and motor choice in one unifying neural network trained monkeys compare two mechanical vibrations applied sequentially to the tip of a finger to report possible attractor states. In this way, statistical fluctuations due to finite size noise produced

  7. Environmental Assessment of Pavement Alternatives: Decision-Making in Light of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Susan L.

    = Energy W = Waste P = Pollution = Transport Recycle 9 #12;The Pavement Life Cycle Materials EndEnvironmental Assessment of Pavement Alternatives: Decision-Making in Light of Current Knowledge · Measures inputs and outputs of a product or system ­ Example inputs: energy, water, materials ­ Example

  8. Policy Gradient Planning for Environmental Decision Making with Existing Mark Crowley and David Poole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poole, David

    Policy Gradient Planning for Environmental Decision Making with Existing Simulators Mark Crowley policies for sustainable harvest planning of a forest. Introduction In many environmental and natural and David Poole University of British Columbia crowley@cs.ubc.ca poole@cs.ubc.ca Abstract In environmental

  9. Dynamic Waste Management (DWM): Towards an evolutionary decision-making approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    of the available materials. Consequently, the choice for a waste management process is often based on fixed1 Dynamic Waste Management (DWM): Towards an evolutionary decision-making approach Gabriel Rojo to the social, economical and environmental impacts associated with waste management, it is necessary to move

  10. Making Sense of Eating: Exploring Lived Experience Related to Body Image and Self Identity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Amy

    2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Making sense of experiences of eating is a topic of significant value in todays food and weight fixated society. Eating experiences relate to a number of psychological concepts, particularly how a person views their body, ...

  11. Designating marine protected areas in the United States and Ecuador: understanding the decision-making process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kendrick, Amrit Work

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are central federal agencies and field bureaucracies, producer interests, consumer interests and occasionally Congress. Examples of producer interests in marine policy would be commercial fisheries, and the hydrocarbon industry. Examples of consumer... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences DESIGNATING MARINE PROTECTED AREAS IN THE UNITED STATES AND ECUADOR: UNDERSTANDING THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS A Thesis by AMRIT WORK KENDRICK A...

  12. A Cumulative Energy Demand indicator (CED), life cycle based, for industrial waste management decision making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Puig, Rita, E-mail: rita.puig@eei.upc.edu [Escola dEnginyeria dIgualada (EEI), Universitat Politcnica de Catalunya (UPC), Plaa del Rei, 15, 08700 Igualada (Spain); Fullana-i-Palmer, Pere [UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change, Escola Superior de Comer Internacional, Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), c/Passeig Pujades, 1, 08003 Barcelona (Spain); Baquero, Grau; Riba, Jordi-Roger [Escola dEnginyeria dIgualada (EEI), Universitat Politcnica de Catalunya (UPC), Plaa del Rei, 15, 08700 Igualada (Spain); Bala, Alba [UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change, Escola Superior de Comer Internacional, Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), c/Passeig Pujades, 1, 08003 Barcelona (Spain)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: We developed a methodology useful to environmentally compare industrial waste management options. The methodology uses a Net Energy Demand indicator which is life cycle based. The method was simplified to be widely used, thus avoiding cost driven decisions. This methodology is useful for governments to promote the best environmental options. This methodology can be widely used by other countries or regions around the world. - Abstract: Life cycle thinking is a good approach to be used for environmental decision-support, although the complexity of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies sometimes prevents their wide use. The purpose of this paper is to show how LCA methodology can be simplified to be more useful for certain applications. In order to improve waste management in Catalonia (Spain), a Cumulative Energy Demand indicator (LCA-based) has been used to obtain four mathematical models to help the government in the decision of preventing or allowing a specific waste from going out of the borders. The conceptual equations and all the subsequent developments and assumptions made to obtain the simplified models are presented. One of the four models is discussed in detail, presenting the final simplified equation to be subsequently used by the government in decision making. The resulting model has been found to be scientifically robust, simple to implement and, above all, fulfilling its purpose: the limitation of waste transport out of Catalonia unless the waste recovery operations are significantly better and justify this transport.

  13. Modeling and Analysis in Support of Decision Making for Technological Investment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lenhart, S

    2003-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering design, resource allocation, military operations, and investment strategies share a major common trait, which is, to a large extent, independent of their different origins, specific features, and intended goals. The unifying trait is the fact that, in any of these endeavors, one has to make reasonable choices, at multiple levels of decision making, among various possible and sometimes competing prospective solutions to an important and consequential practical problem. While the specifics of the problem depend on application, context, additional constraints, etc., the ultimate--albeit imprecise--goal in all these activities is to ''optimize performance,'' which is to have maximal success/profit/return with minimal time/effort/investment. In general, the underlying system is ruled by complex and often unknown dynamics, and affected by various uncertainties, which are unknown as well; on the other hand, there are numerous levels of decision making, which result in a hierarchical structure in the decision process (tree) that is both asynchronous and non-deterministic. Usually, indifferent of the specific application, as one lowers the level of decision making, alternatives depend on fewer independent variables and models become more detailed and physics/engineering based. On the contrary, at higher levels, various components aggregate and decision making is based more on fuzzier criteria instead of readily quantifiable physics/engineering details. Moreover, decisions are strongly influenced by the educational and personal biases of the people who take them. In some instances, this may blur, if not totally obfuscate objective comparisons between various options. Therefore, a crucial point in decision-making is properly understanding and quantifying the tradeoffs, including all their future relevant consequences. Since the interaction between various choices is an intricate nonlinear process, the focus shifts from the dynamics itself to the overall performance and affordability. This is not unreasonable, since oftentimes major upgrades on some components have little impact, while minor upgrades of other components turn out to be critical. To illustrate the approach, we assume that one deals with only two levels. At the lower level, physical/engineering processes are described by continuous and/or discrete, analytic and/or computer models. These models are supposed to be deterministic (e.g. dynamics as ruled by well established physical laws), but their outcome may depend in an unpredictable way on: (i) small nonlinearities unaccounted for in the model development and/or (ii) factors that--at the specific level of modelization--may be treated as stochastic terms (weather conditions, human factors, political circumstances, fluctuations in the quality of carburant, wear and tear, etc.) To this extent, the outcomes of the model processes may be considered stochastic variables/fields with a certain probability distribution function (PDF). Upon many realizations of the model, one can get reliable information about the essential features of this PDF.

  14. A case study of an expert mathematics teacher's interactive decision-making system using physiological and behavioral time series data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Deborah Larkey

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this exploratory case study was to describe an expert teacher?s decision-making system during interactive instruction using teacher self-report information, classroom observation data, and physiological recordings. Timed recordings...

  15. Measuring the Efficacy of Leaders to Assess Information and Make Decisions in a Crisis: The C-LEAD Scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittinsky, Todd L.

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on literature and expert interviews, we developed the Crisis Leader Efficacy in Assessing and Deciding scale (C-LEAD) to capture the efficacy of leaders to assess information and make decisions in a public health and ...

  16. Energy star product specification development framework: Using data and analysis to make program decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McWhinney, Marla; Fanara, Andrew; Clark, Robin; Hershberg, Craig; Schmeltz, Rachel; Roberson, Judy

    2003-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The Product Development Team (PD) in the US Environmental Protection Agency's ENERGY STAR Labeling Program fuels the long-term market transformation process by delivering new specifications. PD's goal is to expand the reach and visibility of ENERGY STAR as well as the market for new energy-efficient products. Since 2000, PD has launched nine new ENERGY STAR specifications and continues to evaluate new program opportunities. To evaluate the ENERGY STAR carbon savings potential for a diverse group of products, PD prepared a framework for developing new and updating existing specifications that rationalizes new product opportunities and draws upon the expertise and resources of other stakeholders, including manufacturers, utilities, environmental groups and other government agencies. By systematically reviewing the potential of proposed product areas, PD makes informed decisions as to whether or not to proceed with developing a specification. In support of this strategy, PD ensures that new product specifications are consistent with the ENERGY STAR guidelines and that these guidelines are effectively communicated to stakeholders during the product development process. To date, the framework has been successful in providing consistent guidance on collecting the necessary information on which to base sound program decisions. Through the application of this framework, PD increasingly recognizes that each industry has unique market and product characteristics that can require reconciliation with the ENERGY STAR guidelines. The new framework allows PD to identify where reconciliation is needed to justify program decisions.

  17. Risk Analysis and Decision-Making Software Package (1997 Version) User Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, F.T.H.

    1999-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This manual provides instructions for using the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) risk analysis and decision making software (1997 version) developed at BDM Petroleum Technologies by BDM-Oklahoma, Inc. for DOE, under contract No. DE-AC22-94PC91OO8. This software provides petroleum producers with a simple, handy tool for exploration and production risk analysis and decision-making. It collects useful risk analysis tools in one package so that users do not have to use several programs separately. The software is simple to use, but still provides many functions. The 1997 version of the software package includes the following tools: (1) Investment risk (Gambler's ruin) analysis; (2) Monte Carlo simulation; (3) Best fit for distribution functions; (4) Sample and rank correlation; (5) Enhanced oil recovery method screening; and (6) artificial neural network. This software package is subject to change. Suggestions and comments from users are welcome and will be considered for future modifications and enhancements of the software. Please check the opening screen of the software for the current contact information. In the future, more tools will be added to this software package. This manual includes instructions on how to use the software but does not attempt to fully explain the theory and algorithms used to create it.

  18. Waste-to-energy in the United States: Socioeconomic factors and the decision-making process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curlee, T.R.; Schexnayder, S.M.; Vogt, D.P.; Wolfe, A.K.; Kelsay, M.P.; Feldman, D.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion with energy recovery, commonly called waste-to-energy (WTE), was adopted by many US communities during the 1980s to manage their growing quantities of MSW. Although less than one percent of all US MSW was burned to retrieve its heat energy in 1970, WTE grew to account for 16 percent of MSW in 1990, and many experts forecasted that WTE would be used to manage as much as half of all garbage by the turn of the century. However, the growth of WTE has been reduced in recent years by project cancellations. This study takes an in-depth look at the socioeconomic factors that have played a role in the decisions of communities that have considered WTE as a component of their solid waste management strategies. More specifically, a three-pronged approach is adopted to investigate (1) the relationships between a municipality`s decision to consider and accept/reject WTE and key socioeconomic parameters, (2) the potential impacts of recent changes in financial markets on the viability of WTE, and (3) the WTE decision-making process and the socioeconomic parameters that are most important in the municipality`s decision. The first two objectives are met by the collection and analysis of aggregate data on all US WTE initiatives during the 1982 to 1990 time frame. The latter objective is met by way of four in-depth case studies -- two directed at communities that have accepted WTE and two that have cancelled WTE projects.

  19. Social setting, intuition, and experience in lab experiments interact to shape cooperative decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capraro, Valerio

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies suggest that cooperative decision-making in one-shot interactions is a history-dependent dual process: promoting intuition versus deliberation has typically a positive effect on cooperation (duality) among people living in a cooperative setting and with no previous experience in economic games on cooperation (history-dependence). Here we report a large experiment exploring how these findings transfer to a non-cooperative setting. We find three major results: (i) promoting intuition versus deliberation has no effect on cooperative behavior among inexperienced subjects living in a non-cooperative setting; (ii) experienced subjects are much more cooperative than inexperienced subjects; and (iii) experience has a U-shaped effect on cooperation: subjects with little experience cooperate the least. We also find evidence that the behavioral transition between little experienced subjects and experienced subjects is primarily driven by intuitive responses. These results suggest that cooperation is a slo...

  20. The Ecological Society of America wwwwww..ffrroonnttiieerrssiinneeccoollooggyy..oorrgg Conservation decision making can involve irre-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paiva, Paulo Cesar de

    , since extinction is irreversible. Accordingly, the decision to list or delist a taxon is of critical

  1. The development and testing of a nonconsequentialist decision-making model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elaydi, Raed Saber

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    , the current study had participants discuss the "biggest" decision they are currently facing in their lives. Data was collected regarding indecisiveness, nonconsequentialist dysfunctional decisional coping behavior, and decision difficulty. The findings show...

  2. System and method for integrating hazard-based decision making tools and processes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hodgin, C. Reed (Westminster, CO)

    2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for inputting, analyzing, and disseminating information necessary for identified decision-makers to respond to emergency situations. This system and method provides consistency and integration among multiple groups, and may be used for both initial consequence-based decisions and follow-on consequence-based decisions. The system and method in a preferred embodiment also provides tools for accessing and manipulating information that are appropriate for each decision-maker, in order to achieve more reasoned and timely consequence-based decisions. The invention includes processes for designing and implementing a system or method for responding to emergency situations.

  3. Argument structure hierarchy system and method for facilitating analysis and decision-making processes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Janssen, Terry (9840 Faust Dr., Vienna, VA 22182)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for facilitating decision-making comprising a computer program causing linkage of data representing a plurality of argument structure units into a hierarchical argument structure. Each argument structure unit comprises data corresponding to a hypothesis and its corresponding counter-hypothesis, data corresponding to grounds that provide a basis for inference of the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis, data corresponding to a warrant linking the grounds to the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis, and data corresponding to backing that certifies the warrant. The hierarchical argument structure comprises a top level argument structure unit and a plurality of subordinate level argument structure units. Each of the plurality of subordinate argument structure units comprises at least a portion of the grounds of the argument structure unit to which it is subordinate. Program code located on each of a plurality of remote computers accepts input from one of a plurality of contributors. Each input comprises data corresponding to an argument structure unit in the hierarchical argument structure and supports the hypothesis or its corresponding counter-hypothesis. A second programming code is adapted to combine the inputs into a single hierarchical argument structure. A third computer program code is responsive to the second computer program code and is adapted to represent a degree of support for the hypothesis and its corresponding counter-hypothesis in the single hierarchical argument structure.

  4. Facility Targeting, Protection and Mission Decision Making Using the VISAC Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, Robert Howard [ORNL; Sulfredge, Charles David [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Visual Interactive Site Analysis Code (VISAC) is a Java-based graphical expert system developed by ORNL for the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and other sponsors to aid in targeting facilities and to predict the associated collateral effects for the go, no go mission decision making process. VISAC integrates the three concepts of target geometric modeling, damage assessment capabilities, and an event/fault tree methodology for evaluating accident/incident consequences. It can analyze a variety of accidents/incidents at nuclear or industrial facilities, ranging from simple component sabotage to an attack with military or terroist weapons. For nuclear facilities, VISAC predicts the facility damage, estimated downtime, amount and timing of any radionuclides released. used in conunction with DTRA's HPAC code, VISAC also can analyze transport and dispersion of the radionuclides, levels of contamination of the surrounding area, and the population at risk. VISAC has also been used by the NRC to aid in the development of protective measures for nuclear facilities that may be subjected to attacks by car/truck bombs.

  5. Decision Support:Decision Support: Decision AnalysisDecision Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohanec, Marko

    -Making under Risk Expected Value Sensitivity Analysis Decision Analysis Decision Analysis: Applied Decision Decision-Making Process Source: Decision Analysis A Tool to Deal with Uncertainty, http Succeed Fail Decision Trees OR/MS Multi-Criteria Optimisation Risk Analysis and Simulation Bayesian

  6. Economics is the study of choice and decision-making in the face of scarce resources, both at the individual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Economics is the study of choice and decision-making in the face of scarce resources, both or entire industries such as manufacturing. Economics graduates are in high demand by many different on the Economics Department web site under the alumni section. A national survey for the Class of 2012 shows

  7. Innovative decision-making methods for the preliminary design and operations of air-cushion and other marine vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gougoulidis, Georgios

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ship design is a large-scale, multi-level, complex problem that requires decision-making at every stage of the design process. As such, it requires a great deal of time and resources. The evolution of the process of ship ...

  8. Imprecise Reliability Assessment and Decision-Making when the Type of the Probability Distribution of the Random Variables is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolaidis, Efstratios

    the upper and lower bounds of the reliability of a system involving such variables. A method for modeling, is formulated and solved in order to estimate the minimum and maximum values of a system's reliability1 Imprecise Reliability Assessment and Decision-Making when the Type of the Probability

  9. Abstract--Forecasting of future electricity demand is very important for decision making in power system operation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ducatelle, Frederick

    Abstract--Forecasting of future electricity demand is very important for decision making in power industry, accurate forecasting of future electricity demand has become an important research area sector. This paper presents a novel approach for mid-term electricity load forecasting. It uses a hybrid

  10. Abstract--Network security against possible attacks involves making decisions under uncertainty. Not only may one be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ], security in wireless networks [12], [13] and cyber-security [14], [15], [16]. In [17] the readers can find1 Abstract--Network security against possible attacks involves making decisions under uncertainty for a further DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) botnet attack on servers). Due to limited defense

  11. Cash crops, smallholder decision-making and institutional interactions in a closing-frontier: Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robeson, Scott M.

    -frontier: Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico Author(s): Eric Keys and Rinku Roy Chowdhury Source: Journal of Latin American decision-making and institutional interactions in a closing frontier: Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico Eric Keys and policy factors in the municipality of Calakmul in Campeche, Mexico. Jalapeno chili is the foremost market

  12. Risk assessment in decision making related to land-use planning (LUP) as required by the Seveso II directive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Risk assessment in decision making related to land-use planning (LUP) as required by the Seveso II the requirement of the Seveso II directive and an analysis of the use of LUP as part of a risk management policy management policy combining several tools. To describe the risk management policy implemented in France

  13. The use of low-level liquid scintillation spectrometry for rapid measurement and decision making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schoenhofer, F. [Federal Inst. for Food Control and Research (Austria)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Liquid scintillation spectrometry (LSC) has proved over the last fifteen years to be an excellent tool for low-level counting of beta- and alpha-particle emitters. Using low-level instruments the determination of, for instance {sup 90}Sr, could be considerably simplified in the laboratory, saving time and also money for chemicals and manpower. Furthermore, low-level instruments have been successfully used for measurements when fast analysis was required. The four instruments (Quantulus, Wallac Oy), that the author uses, have not only very low background, which cuts measurement time considerably; but from the pulse- height spectra much information about the nature of the radionuclides present and the absence of specific radionuclides can be extracted. From the absence of high-energy beta-particle activity in the pulse-height spectra of precipitation in the first days after the Chernobyl accident the author could draw the conclusion, that practically no {sup 90}Y was present and therefore only small amounts of {sup 90}Sr, if any, could be expected in precipitation and later in food. This enabled them to make the decision not to waste time with a large number of {sup 90}Sr analyses. Large numbers of drinking water samples could be screened for contamination much more sensitively and faster than by gamma-ray spectrometry. More examples will be presented of cases where rapid information was needed; how contamination and nuclear installations can be easily checked and how LSC helped to cut down the time required, the manpower and the costs for radon measurements and environmental surveillance.

  14. THE ROLE OF LAND USE IN ENVIRONMENTAL DECISION MAKING AT THREE DOE MEGA-CLEANUP SITES FERNALD & ROCKY FLATS & MOUND

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JEWETT MA

    2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explores the role that future land use decisions have played in the establishment of cost-effective cleanup objectives and the setting of environmental media cleanup levels for the three major U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites for which cleanup has now been successfully completed: the Rocky Flats, Mound, and Fernald Closure Sites. At each site, there are distinct consensus-building histories throughout the following four phases: (1) the facility shut-down and site investigation phase, which took place at the completion of their Cold War nuclear-material production missions; (2) the decision-making phase, whereby stakeholder and regulatory-agency consensus was achieved for the future land-use-based environmental decisions confronting the sites; (3) the remedy selection phase, whereby appropriate remedial actions were identified to achieve the future land-use-based decisions; and (4) the implementation phase, whereby the selected remedial actions for these high-profile sites were implemented and successfully closed out. At each of the three projects, there were strained relationships and distrust between the local community and the DOE as a result of site contamination and potential health effects to the workers and local residents. To engage citizens and interested stakeholder groups - particularly in the role of final land use in the decision-making process, the site management teams at each respective site developed new public-participation strategies to open stakeholder communication channels with site leadership, technical staff, and the regulatory agencies. This action proved invaluable to the success of the projects and reaching consensus on appropriate levels of cleanup. With the implementation of the cleanup remedies now complete, each of the three DOE sites have become models for future environmental-remediation projects and associated decision making.

  15. MOBBED (Mobile Brain-Body-Environment Decision-making) Part II: User Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at San Antonio, University of

    Design is available as TR-2013-005. This report was revised 7/4/2013 to reflect the addition of data cursors and a revised commit strategy. This report was revised 8/12/2013 to reflect the addition of double precision fetches and some minor revisions of table names. This report was revised 8/25/2013 to remove

  16. Does It Make Sense To Modify Tropical Cyclones? A Decision-Analytic Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klima, Kelly

    Recent dramatic increases in damages caused by tropical cyclones (TCs) and improved understanding of TC physics have led DHS to fund research on intentional hurricane modification. We present a decision analytic assessment ...

  17. Does Distributed Leadership Influence the Decision Making of Teachers in the Classroom: Examining Content and Pedagogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clutter-Shields, Jaimi Leighann

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Distributed leadership is currently a frequently researched area of study. However, few studies examine the influence of distributed leadership on teachers' decisions in the classroom. The true essence of distributed ...

  18. Decision making in the purchase of siding: A survey of architects,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) data show of a home is an impor- tant decision. The choice of siding has a direct influence on appearance, perfor- mance, durability, repair, maintenance, and cost. Todays marketplace presents designers, builders

  19. Small livestock farmer participation in the making of agricultural policy decisions in Trinidad and Tobago

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    La Borde Grant, Patricia

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and their choice of communication method to foster participation was also measured. Three decision models were developed. The results provided evidence which government can use to share power with small farmers through participation. The findings showed...

  20. Sport fishery management in East Matagorda Bay (Texas): an analysis of decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritter, Mary Christine

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SPORT FISHERY MANAGEMENT IN EAST MATAGORDA BAY (TEXAS) AN ANALYSIS OP DECISION MARING A Thesis by MARY CHRISTINE RITTER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences SPORT FISHERY MANAGEMENT IN EAST WLTAGORDA BAY (TEXAS): AN ANALYSIS OF DECISION lQLKING A Thesis by Mary Christine Ritter Approved as to style and content by...

  1. GEODEC: ENABLING GEOSPATIAL DECISION MAKING Cyrus Shahabi, Yao-Yi Chiang, Kelvin Chung, Kai-Chen Huang, Jeff Khoshgozaran-Haghighi, Craig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    GEODEC: ENABLING GEOSPATIAL DECISION MAKING Cyrus Shahabi, Yao-Yi Chiang, Kelvin Chung, Kai of geospatial data has motivated the effort to seamlessly integrate this information into an information and accuracy pose a challenge to such efforts. We describe the Geospatial Decision Making (GeoDec) system

  2. Application of multi-criteria decision-making on strategic municipal solid waste management in Dalmatia, Croatia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vego, Goran [Civil Engineering Institute of Croatia, Environmental and Hydrotechnics Department, Matice Hrvatske 15, 21000 Split (Croatia)], E-mail: goran.vego@igh.hr; Kucar-Dragicevic, Savka [Croatian Environmental Agency, Director's Office, Trg Marsala Tita 8, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia)], E-mail: savka.kucar-dragicevic@azo.hr; Koprivanac, Natalija [Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Environmental Engineering Department, Marulicev Trg 19, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia)], E-mail: nkopri@fkit.hr

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The efficiency of providing a waste management system in the coastal part of Croatia consisting of four Dalmatian counties has been modelled. Two multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods, PROMETHEE and GAIA, were applied to assist with the systematic analysis and evaluation of the alternatives. The analysis covered two levels; first, the potential number of waste management centres resulting from possible inter-county cooperation; and second, the relative merits of siting of waste management centres in the coastal or hinterland zone was evaluated. The problem was analysed according to several criteria; and ecological, economic, social and functional criteria sets were identified as relevant to the decision-making process. The PROMETHEE and GAIA methods were shown to be efficient tools for analysing the problem considered. Such an approach provided new insights to waste management planning at the strategic level, and gave a reason for rethinking some of the existing strategic waste management documents in Croatia.

  3. Decision-Making Aid Tool for the Evaluation and Improvement of the Energy Performance of Stock of Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joutey, H. A.; Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Lahrech, R.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the most adapted one to develop each functionality of the decision- making aid tool for the evaluation and improvement of the energy performance of stock of buildings. Existing methods The Table 1 [1] & [4] shows a brief comparison between... buildings and distribute whole consumptions on end uses. Figure 3 shows the process used to validate the Benchmarking method. Simulations will be carried out with the SIMBAD Toolbox according to the stock data to evaluate energy consumptions...

  4. Intersecting Philosophies: A Qualitative Study of Student Conduct Administrators and Their Decision Making Utilizing the Concepts of Justice and Care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waller, Jennifer

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , and federal laws and their impact on the institution. Student conduct administrators (SCA) are charged by colleges and universities to make decisions about whether students have violated university rules and policies, which are sometimes simultaneously... range in position level from a Dean of Students to an entry-level SCA. The report is read and evaluated to determine whether there may have been a violation of the student code of conduct. Based on the conduct process at the institution, the SCA may...

  5. Multitiered Supply Chain Networks: Multicriteria DecisionMaking under Uncertainty June Dong and Ding Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    University of Massachusetts Amherst, Massachusetts 01003 Appears in Annals of Operations Research (2005) 135 the demands associated with the product are random. We derive the optimality conditions for the decision for production loading planning for a textile company under a quick response requirement. In this paper, we

  6. Towards value-based pricing--An integrative framework for decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muðan, Uðurhan

    re- search by McKinsey & Company has shown that less than 15% of companies do any systematic research involving the pricing decision for a major product launch at a global chemical company. D 2003 Elsevier Inc Fortune 500 Company. Tel.: +43-173-39-14-064. E-mail address: andreas@hinterhuber.org (A. Hinterhuber). 1

  7. Local environmental decision-making with the California environmental quality act: a Santa Barbara case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karstadt, Kent Leonard

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ). The ERC and staff review projects, hold public hearings, and certify environmental documents. Staff support is provided through the Planning Division of the Community Development Department. Decisions on the need for an EIR may be appealed to the City..., it appears that hotel projects generated the most controversy and comments, followed by residential projects. This holds true for both agencies. Commercial projects in the City were also controversial. Since the City projects were often in 30 areas...

  8. Artificial Immune Systems (AIS) A New Paradigm for Heuristic Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    Overview of the Natural Immune System The biological immune system is an elaborate defence mechanism which it gets into the body, the immune system uses different response mechanisms either to neutralize barriers such as the skin #12;and respiratory system, physiological barriers such as destructive enzymes

  9. Social Influence and Household Decision-Making: A Behavioural Analysis of Housing Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baddeley, Michelle

    2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    .g. about the value of assets and the performance of financial decision-makers (Akerlof and Shiller, Cao and Hirshleifer 2001). This parallels the analyses of herding in the economic literature and this seemingly non-rational behaviour is justified... to give: (6) So: (7) This equation indicates that willingness to pay for housing will be greater if interest rates are lower, if people are more patient (and therefore place relatively more focus 17 18 on future utility from home ownership over a long...

  10. Industrial Decision Making- Improving Petroleum Refining Performance through Better Economic Performance Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mergens, E. H.

    for Performance Making product from crude oil is a very much more complicated process than the foregoing simple example cited. One of the major complications results from the fact that when making salable product by converting crude oil, the results produce a... volumetric gain. That is, for every 100 barrels of crude oil processed, the outtum may be 110 or 115 equivalent barrels of products ( see figure 1). This looks too good to be true! The reason this anomaly occurs is that in the conversion of crude oil...

  11. Radiation protection and decision-making on cleanup of contaminated urban environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --4000 Roskilde,4000 Roskilde, DenmarkDenmark NKS Conference on Radioactive Contamination in Urban Areas-making NKS Conference on Radioactive Contamination in Urban Areas, Risø National Laboratory, 7 - 9 May 2003Justification of cleanup NKS Conference on Radioactive Contamination in Urban Areas, Risø National Laboratory, 7 - 9 May

  12. Knowledge Integration to Make Decisions About Complex Systems: Sustainability of Energy Production from Agriculture

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Francesco Danuso

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A major bottleneck for improving the governance of complex systems, rely on our ability to integrate different forms of knowledge into a decision support system (DSS). Preliminary aspects are the classification of different types of knowledge (a priori or general, a posteriori or specific, with uncertainty, numerical, textual, algorithmic, complete/incomplete, etc.), the definition of ontologies for knowledge management and the availability of proper tools like continuous simulation models, event driven models, statistical approaches, computational methods (neural networks, evolutionary optimization, rule based systems etc.) and procedure for textual documentation. Following these views at University of Udine, a computer language (SEMoLa, Simple, Easy Modelling Language) for knowledge integration has been developed. SEMoLa can handle models, data, metadata and textual knowledge; it implements and extends the system dynamics ontology (Forrester, 1968; Jrgensen, 1994) in which systems are modelled by the concepts of material, group, state, rate, parameter, internal and external events and driving variables. As an example, a SEMoLa model to improve management and sustainability (economical, energetic, environmental) of the agricultural farms is presented. The model (X-Farm) simulates a farm in which cereal and forage yield, oil seeds, milk, calves and wastes can be sold or reused. X-Farm is composed by integrated modules describing fields (crop and soil), feeds and materials storage, machinery management, manpower management, animal husbandry, economic and energetic balances, seed oil extraction, manure and wastes management, biogas production from animal wastes and biomasses.

  13. Interactive computer simulation of dairy farm systems as a method for making energy management decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hewett, E.J. III

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To facilitate management decisions an analytical model was developed to predict energy and labor requirements and costs for milking and feed handling systems. The Dairy Farm Simulation Model was based on detailed time and motion studies, and energy audits of 21 dairy farms in Michigan. Data included labor hours and energy consumption per month for each operation required for milking and feed handling and charges based on Detroit Edison electrical rate schedules. The result of optimizing the electrical rate charges for simulated milking systems is indicated by the Time-of-Day Rate Schedule which provides the lowest cost to farm operators willing to adjust milking times. Simulation of mobile and stationary feeding systems for six herd sizes includes calculations of capital investment and operating costs in addition to labor and energy cost. Results indicate that mobile systems required a lower investment cost while stationary systems realize lower energy costs. Labor requirements per cow decreased as herd size increased for mobile systems, but remained the same for stationary systems regardless of herd size. The energy required to operate each system, based on the number of oil barrel equivalents, indicates the stationary system required less energy for herd sizes up to and including 150 cows, while mobile systems indicate a lower energy requirement for herd sizes greater than 150 cows. In general, no single system emerged as the best, rather it depended on the operator's personal preference.

  14. When Sugar Turns to Sh%&: Immediate Action Decision Making and Resilience in High Reliability Teams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesner, Bradley Scott

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    . Thank you for allowing this academic to invade your lives and get in the way. Your time and patience with me was amazing, and I hope that I have captured your work in these pages in a way that does you justice. Stay safe out there and come home... such practices are important, my interest is in how teams adapt within the moment, without withdrawing from the unfolding situation, and reestablish functionality after a critical disruption. Simply, how does the team respond in the moment to make sense...

  15. Combining lifecycle and risk assessments of mineral waste reuse scenarios for decision making support

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benetto, Enrico [ECOINNOVA France, 47 rue M. Flandin, 69003 Lyon Cedex 3 (France)]. E-mail: benetto@ecoinnova.it; Tiruta-Barna, Ligia [INSA Lyon-LAEPSI, 20 rue A.Einstein, 69621 Villeurbanne cedex, since November 2005: INSA Toulouse-LIPE, 135 av. de Rangueil, 31077 Toulouse cedex France (France)]. E-mail: ligia.barna@insa-toulouse.fr; Perrodin, Yves [ENTPE-LSE, rue M.Audin, 69518 Vaulx-en-Velin cedex (France)]. E-mail: perrodin@entpe.fr

    2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Lack of regulations and standards on mineral waste recycling makes Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) useful methods for environmental assessment of recycling scenarios. An unsolved problem arises whenever two scenarios of recycling have to be compared according to both ERA and LCA impact results considered simultaneously. A methodology to combine LCA and ERA results and tools toward Integrated Environmental Assessment (IEA) is proposed together with three application examples based on case studies. The most effective combination approach is to define further impact categories for ERA to be considered with the standard LCA ones. Then, the use of a multicriteria analysis method was proved to be an efficient way to rank alternative scenarios with respect to all the results. The key issues to be further researched are discussed and proposals are suggested.

  16. Industrial Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, R. N.; McKinney, V.; Shipley, A.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -05-30 Proceedings from the Thirtieth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, New Orleans, LA, May 6-9, 2008. Figure 1. Average Monthly Industrial Energy Prices (2) - 5 10 15 20 25 J an- 0 0 Ju l -0 0 Ja n- 0 1 Ju l -0 1 Ja n - 02 Ju l -0 2 Ja n - 0 3 Ju l - 0 3... Ja n - 0 4 J u l-04 Ja n - 0 5 Jul - 0 5 J an- 0 6 Jul - 0 6 Ja n- 07 Jul - 0 7 Ener gy Pr ic e ($ /MB t u) Electricity Fuel Oil Natural Gas Coal External market forces also drive industrial investment cycles. In the organic chemical...

  17. When the Details Matter Sensitivities in PRA Calculations That Could Affect Risk-Informed Decision-Making

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dana L. Kelly; Nathan O. Siu

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) continues its efforts to increase its use of risk information in decision making, the detailed, quantitative results of probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) calculations are coming under increased scrutiny. Where once analysts and users were not overly concerned with figure of merit variations that were less than an order of magnitude, now factors of two or even less can spark heated debate regarding modeling approaches and assumptions. The philosophical and policy-related aspects of this situation are well-recognized by the PRA community. On the other hand, the technical implications for PRA methods and modeling have not been as widely discussed. This paper illustrates the potential numerical effects of choices as to the details of models and methods for parameter estimation with three examples: 1) the selection of the time period data for parameter estimation, and issues related to component boundary and failure mode definitions; 2) the selection of alternative diffuse prior distributions, including the constrained noninformative prior distribution, in Bayesian parameter estimation; and 3) the impact of uncertainty in calculations for recovery of offsite power.

  18. External audit of clinical practice and medical decision making in a new Asian oncology center: Results and implications for both developing and developed nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shakespeare, Thomas P. [North Coast Cancer Institute, Coffs Harbour, Sydney, NSW (Australia) and Cancer Institute (Singapore)]. E-mail: ThomasShakespeare@gmail.com; Back, Michael F. [Cancer Institute (Singapore); Lu, Jiade J. [Cancer Institute (Singapore); Lee, Khai Mun [Cancer Institute (Singapore); Mukherjee, Rahul K. [Cancer Institute (Singapore)

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The external audit of oncologist clinical practice is increasingly important because of the incorporation of audits into national maintenance of certification (MOC) programs. However, there are few reports of external audits of oncology practice or decision making. Our institution (The Cancer Institute, Singapore) was asked to externally audit an oncology department in a developing Asian nation, providing a unique opportunity to explore the feasibility of such a process. Methods and Materials: We audited 100 randomly selected patients simulated for radiotherapy in 2003, using a previously reported audit instrument assessing clinical documentation/quality assurance and medical decision making. Results: Clinical documentation/quality assurance, decision making, and overall performance criteria were adequate 74.4%, 88.3%, and 80.2% of the time, respectively. Overall 52.0% of cases received suboptimal management. Multivariate analysis revealed palliative intent was associated with improved documentation/clinical quality assurance (p = 0.07), decision making (p 0.007), overall performance (p = 0.003), and optimal treatment rates (p 0.07); non-small-cell lung cancer or central nervous system primary sites were associated with better decision making (p = 0.001), overall performance (p = 0.03), and optimal treatment rates (p = 0.002). Conclusions: Despite the poor results, the external audit had several benefits. It identified learning needs for future targeting, and the auditor provided facilitating feedback to address systematic errors identified. Our experience was also helpful in refining our national revalidation audit instrument. The feasibility of the external audit supports the consideration of including audit in national MOC programs.

  19. Fusion Power: A Strategic Choice for the Future Energy Provision. Why is So Much Time Wasted for Decision Making?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D'haeseleer, William D

    2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    From a general analysis of the world energy issue, it is argued that an affordable, clean and reliable energy supply will have to consist of a portfolio of primary energy sources, a large fraction of which will be converted to a secondary carrier in large baseload plants. Because of all future uncertainties, it would be irresponsible not to include thermonuclear fusion as one of the future possibilities for electricity generation.The author tries to understand why nuclear-fusion research is not considered of strategic importance by the major world powers. The fusion programs of the USA and Europe are taken as prime examples to illustrate the 'hesitation'. Europe is now advocating a socalled 'fast-track' approach, thereby seemingly abandoning the 'classic' time frame towards fusion that it has projected for many years. The US 'oscillatory' attitude towards ITER in relation to its domestic program is a second case study that is looked at.From the real history of the ITER design and the 'siting' issue, one can try to understand how important fusion is considered by these world powers. Not words are important, but deeds. Fast tracks are nice to talk about, but timely decisions need to be taken and sufficient money is to be provided. More fundamental understanding of fusion plasma physics is important, but in the end, real hardware devices must be constructed to move along the path of power plant implementation.The author tries to make a balance of where fusion power research is at this moment, and where, according to his views, it should be going.

  20. Assessment and enhancement of decision-making models used for the pre-development stages of office developments in turkey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Civan, Isilay

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    development decisions using some kind of a procedure in the pre-development stage. However low occupancy rates and long payback periods that are being faced, even by the most recently completed Class A office projects in Turkey, show that there are serious...

  1. Strategic Decision-Making with Information and Extraction Externalities: A Structural Model of the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    of the Multi-Stage Investment Timing Game in Offshore Petroleum Production C.-Y. Cynthia Lin 1 Appendix: Monte's exploration decision as a fraction of a firm's average de- velopment cost is given by |·drill_cost| = 049's average devel- opment cost is given by |·drill_cost| = 049|| = -159. Thus, when a neighbor explores

  2. A Life-Cycle Approach To Technology, Infrastructure, And Climate Policy Decision Making: Transitioning To Plug-In

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -in hybrids. After the options and uncertainties are framed, engineering economic analysis is used to evaluate) and energy security (petroleum displacement) benefits. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), which use decades. This thesis investigates the life cycle engineering, economic, and policy decisions involved

  3. Status Update on the NCRP Scientific Committee SC 5-1 Report: Decision Making for Late-Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Incidents - 13450

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, S.Y. [Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)] [Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In August 2008, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued its final Protective Action Guide (PAG) for radiological dispersal device (RDD) and improvised nuclear device (IND) incidents. This document specifies protective actions for public health during the early and intermediate phases and cleanup guidance for the late phase of RDD or IND incidents, and it discusses approaches to implementing the necessary actions. However, while the PAG provides specific guidance for the early and intermediate phases, it prescribes no equivalent guidance for the late-phase cleanup actions. Instead, the PAG offers a general description of a complex process using a site-specific optimization approach. This approach does not predetermine cleanup levels but approaches the problem from the factors that would bear on the final agreed-on cleanup levels. Based on this approach, the decision-making process involves multifaceted considerations including public health, the environment, and the economy, as well as socio-political factors. In an effort to fully define the process and approach to be used in optimizing late-phase recovery and site restoration following an RDD or IND incident, DHS has tasked the NCRP with preparing a comprehensive report addressing all aspects of the optimization process. Preparation of the NCRP report is a three-year (2010-2013) project assigned to a scientific committee, the Scientific Committee (SC) 5-1; the report was initially titled, Approach to Optimizing Decision Making for Late- Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Terrorism Incidents. Members of SC 5-1 represent a broad range of expertise, including homeland security, health physics, risk and decision analysis, economics, environmental remediation and radioactive waste management, and communication. In the wake of the Fukushima nuclear accident of 2011, and guided by a recent process led by the White House through a Principal Level Exercise (PLE), the optimization approach has since been expanded to include off-site contamination from major nuclear power plant accidents as well as other nuclear or radiological incidents. The expanded application under the current guidance has thus led to a broadened scope of the report, which is reflected in its new title, Decision Making for Late-Phase Recovery from Nuclear or Radiological Incidents. The NCRP report, which is due for publication in 2013, will substantiate the current DHS guidance by clarifying and elaborating on the processes required for the development and implementation of procedures for optimizing decision making for late-phase recovery, enabling the establishment of cleanup goals on a site-specific basis. The report will contain a series of topics addressing important issues related to the long-term recovery from nuclear or radiological incidents. Special topics relevant to supporting the optimization of the decision-making process will include cost-benefit analysis, radioactive waste management, risk communication, stakeholder interaction, risk assessment, and decontamination approaches and techniques. The committee also evaluated past nuclear and radiological incidents for their relevance to the report, including the emerging issues associated with the Fukushima nuclear accident. Thus, due to the commonality of the late-phase issues (such as the potential widespread contamination following an event), the majority of the information pertaining to the response in the late-phase decision-making period, including site-specific optimization framework and approach, could be used or adapted for use in case of similar situations that are not due to terrorism, such as those that would be caused by major nuclear facility accidents or radiological incidents. To ensure that the report and the NCRP recommendations are current and relevant to the effective implementation of federal guidance, SC 5-1 has actively coordinated with the agencies of interest and other relevant stakeholders throughout the duration of the project. The resulting report will be an important resource to guide those involved

  4. The relationship between student performance and leadership practices as perceived by principals and selected site-based decision making (SBDM) committee members of middle schools in Region 5 Education Service Center (ESC), Texas: a cohort study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheppard, Larry Scott

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This study, one of four cohort studies, was designed to determine the relationship between student performance and leadership practices as perceived by principals and selected site-based decision making committee members of middle schools...

  5. Using performance assessment for radioactive waste disposal decision making -- implementation of the methodology into the third performance assessment iteration of the Greater Confinement Disposal site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gallegos, D.P.; Conrad, S.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Baer, T.A. [GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy is responsible for the disposal of a variety of radioactive wastes. Some of these wastes are prohibited from shallow land burial and also do not meet the waste acceptance criteria for proposed waste repositories at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) and Yucca Mountain. These have been termed ``special-case`` waste and require an alternative disposal method. From 1984 to 1989, the Department of Energy disposed of a small quantity of special-case transuranic wastes at the Greater Confinement Disposal (GCD) site at the Nevada Test Site. In this paper, an iterative performance assessment is demonstrated as a useful decision making tool in the overall compliance assessment process for waste disposal. The GCD site has been used as the real-site implementation and test of the performance assessment approach. Through the first two performance assessment iterations for the GCD site, and the transition into the third, we demonstrate how the performance assessment methodology uses probabilistic risk concepts to guide affective decisions about site characterization activities and how it can be used as a powerful tool in bringing compliance decisions to closure.

  6. Abstract--Defining and making decisions about network investments has become a hard task in a competitive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    -making process associated to the TEP must consider both cooperative behavior as well as non- cooperative overruns have increased. This has resulted in inevitable delays. Therefore, the transmission regulator, and Transelec. J. D. Molina and H. Rudnick are with the Electrical Engineering Department, Pontificia

  7. Tracing early breccia pipe studies, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, southeastern New Mexico: A study of the documentation available and decision-making during the early years of WIPP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Power, D.W. [HC 12, Anthony, TX (United States)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Breccia pipes in southeastern New Mexico are local dissolution-collapse features that formed over the Capitan reef more than 500,000 years ago. During early site studies for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the threat to isolation by these features was undetermined. Geophysical techniques, drilling, and field mapping were used beginning in 1976 to study breccia pipes. None were found at the WIPP site, and they are considered unlikely to be a significant threat even if undetected. WIPP documents related to breccia pipe studies were assembled, inspected, and analyzed, partly to present a history of these studies. The main objective is to assess how well the record reflects the purposes, results, and conclusions of the studies from concept to decision-making. The main record source was the Sandia WIPP Central File (SWCF). Early records (about 1975 to 1977) are very limited, however, about details of objectives and plans predating any investigation. Drilling programs from about 1977 were covered by a broadly standardized statement of work, field operations plan, drilling history, and basic data report. Generally standardized procedures for peer, management, and quality assurance review were developed during this time. Agencies such as the USGS conducted projects according to internal standards. Records of detailed actions for individual programs may not be available, though a variety of such records were found in the SWCF. A complete written record cannot be reconstructed. With persistence, a professional geologist can follow individual programs, relate data to objectives (even if implied), and determine how conclusions were used in decision-making. 83 refs.

  8. Computer-Aided Decision Support

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    intelligence technology to help teams achieve remarkable group collaboration and enhance organizational brainstorming and decision-making. The electronic decision analysis...

  9. Investigation of Public Discourse Methods in Energy Policy Decision-Making: A Summary of What You Told Us and What We Learned

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Analysis Team; Eileen DeShazo; John Freemuth; Tina Giannini; Troy Hall; Ann Hunter; Jeffrey C. Joe; Michael Louis; Carole Nemnich; Jennie Newman; Steven J. Piet; Stephen Sorensen; Paulina Starkey; Kendella Vogt; Patrick Wilson

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ground is littered with projects that failed because of strong public opposition, including natural gas and coal power plants proposed in Idaho over the past several years. This joint project , of the Idaho National Laboratory, Boise State University, Idaho State University and University of Idaho has aimed to add to the tool box to reduce project risk through encouraging the public to engage in more critical thought and be more actively involved in public or social issues. Early in a project, project managers and decision-makers can talk with no one, pro and con stakeholder groups, or members of the public. Experience has shown that talking with no one outside of the project incurs high risk because opposition stakeholders have many means to stop most (if not all) energy projects. Talking with organized stakeholder groups provides some risk reduction from mutual learning, but organized groups tend not to change positions except under conditions of a negotiated settlement. Achieving a negotiated settlement may be impossible. Furthermore, opposition often arises outside pre-existing groups. Standard public polling provides some information but does not reveal underlying motivations, intensity of attitudes, etc. Improved methods are needed that probe deeper into stakeholder (organized groups and members of the public) values and beliefs (sometimes called /heuristics) to increase the potential for change of opinions and/or out-of-box solutions. The term heuristics refers to the mental short-cuts, underlying beliefs, and paradigms that everyone uses to filter and interpret information, to interpret what is around us, and to guide our actions and decisions. This document is the final report of a 3-year effort to test different public discourse methods in the subject area of energy policy decision-making. We analyzed 504 mail-in surveys and 80 participants in groups on the Boise State University campus for their preference, financial support, and evaluations of eight attributes for energy conservation and efficiency, fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydropower, and renewable energy. All participants saw a 7-person diverse energy expert panel. Some participants attended deliberation sessions; some received a 35-page briefing document that included pros and cons of the different energy options.

  10. Making Decisions with Enterprise Budgets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Jackie; McCorkle, Dean; Outlaw, Joe

    2000-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    will cover the har- vest costs. At this point pre-harvest costs are ?sunk? costs and will not be considered when deciding whether or not to harvest. Using Enterprise Budgets Enterprise budgets require less data than the whole farm budget, and when realistic...

  11. Training Adaptive Decision-Making.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbott, Robert G.; Forsythe, James C.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Adaptive Thinking has been defined here as the capacity to recognize when a course of action that may have previously been effective is no longer effective and there is need to adjust strategy. Research was undertaken with human test subjects to identify the factors that contribute to adaptive thinking. It was discovered that those most effective in settings that call for adaptive thinking tend to possess a superior capacity to quickly and effectively generate possible courses of action, as measured using the Category Generation test. Software developed for this research has been applied to develop capabilities enabling analysts to identify crucial factors that are predictive of outcomes in fore-on-force simulation exercises.

  12. Communication (Oral & Written) Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Huiqiang

    -Law is not an official major, most Pre-Law students choose a major that interest them. Lawyers interpret the law through, counsel, or some other law-related positions. These individuals usually like to be in positions offer part- time programs which take 4 years. During the first year of law school students generally

  13. Essays in behavioral decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shampanier, Kristina S

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Essay 1: Zero as a Special Price: the True Value of Free Products. When faced with a choice of selecting one of several available products (or possibly buying nothing), according to standard theoretical perspectives, people ...

  14. Making Compressed Air System Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porri, R. E.

    spawned an entire industry dedicated to manufacturing equipment designed to remove moisture, lubricant, particulate and vapor contaminants from compressed air. Purification equipment, such as air dryers and filters, are used alone or in combination... to reduce the amount of contaminants in the compressed air to the desired purity. All compressed ESL-IE-96-04-32 Proceedings from the Eighteenth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 17-18, 1996 air purification equipment requires...

  15. Taking Risk Assessment and Management to the Next Level: Program-Level Risk Analysis to Enable Solid Decision-Making on Priorities and Funding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, J. G.; Morton, R. L.; Castillo, C.; Dyer, G.; Johnson, N.; McSwain, J. T.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multi-level (facility and programmatic) risk assessment was conducted for the facilities in the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) Readiness in Technical Base and Facilities (RTBF) Program and results were included in a new Risk Management Plan (RMP), which was incorporated into the fiscal year (FY) 2010 Integrated Plans. Risks, risk events, probability, consequence(s), and mitigation strategies were identified and captured, for most scope areas (i.e., risk categories) during the facilitated risk workshops. Risk mitigations (i.e., efforts in addition to existing controls) were identified during the facilitated risk workshops when the risk event was identified. Risk mitigation strategies fell into two broad categories: threats or opportunities. Improvement projects were identified and linked to specific risks they mitigate, making the connection of risk reduction through investments for the annual Site Execution Plan. Due to the amount of that was collected, analysis to be performed, and reports to be generated, a Risk Assessment/ Management Tool (RAMtool) database was developed to analyze the risks in real-time, at multiple levels, which reinforced the site-level risk management process and procedures. The RAMtool database was developed and designed to assist in the capturing and analysis of the key elements of risk: probability, consequence, and impact. The RAMtool calculates the facility-level and programmatic-level risk factors to enable a side-by-side comparison to see where the facility manager and program manager should focus their risk reduction efforts and funding. This enables them to make solid decisions on priorities and funding to maximize the risk reduction. A more active risk management process was developed where risks and opportunities are actively managed, monitored, and controlled by each facility more aggressively and frequently. risk owners have the responsibility and accountability to manage their assigned risk in real-time, using the RAMtool database.

  16. When and how to end shelter-in-place protection from a release of airborne hazardous material : report on a decision-making concept and methodology.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yantosik, G.; Lerner, K.; Maloney, D.; Wasmer, F.

    2002-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Shelter-in-place (SIP) is considered a credible alternative to immediate evacuation to protect the population on and around Army chemical warfare agent stockpile storage sites from accidental agent releases of short duration. To be effective, this strategy requires immediate SIP to minimize initial exposure to agent vapor, followed by timely and appropriate termination of SIP to minimize additional exposure to agent vapor accumulations in the shelter when the air outside becomes less hazardous. However, a major challenge facing emergency managers has been how to decide the best time and way to end SIP to obtain this ideal. This report describes a concept to make this decision, and suggests a methodology to apply the concept as a site-specific response tool. The major conditions that influence the exposure of a population are the source term values of the agent that is released, meteorological conditions, shelter air change rates, the distance of the shelter from the source, and th e dose-response relationship of the hazardous material. The circumstances that contribute to overall exposure associated with a SIP strategy involve exposure during the time before taking shelter, exposure while sheltered due to vapor infiltration, and additional exposure (if any) following the termination of SIP. Options to end SIP are to resume normal activities with no restrictions, to ventilate the shelter but remain indoors, to exit from the shelter and remain nearby, or to relocate to a designated facility. The optimal time and way to end SIP involves examining the relationships among the conditions and circumstances listed above to find the combination of these variables that gives the smallest area where a sheltered population might receive a certain level of toxic effect. For example, find the combination of times, conditions, and circumstances that produce the smallest area where fatalities are possible. In this case, the best time and action to end SIP to minimize fatalities is that combination of variables which produces the smallest area where this level of effect is expected. The methodology to apply the concept is to use a computer model to examine the relationships among these conditions and circumstances (many of which are pre-planned default inputs), and display the best time and action to end SIP quickly, in a user-friendly format. A computer model that was developed to prove the concept and demonstrate the methodology (called the TSIP Model) is described in the report, and the use of the TSIP Model is illustrated in a case study in an appendix to the report. The report also discusses public education and emergency instructions essential for implementing this concept, and makes recommendations for agreements, plans, and exercises relevant to deciding when and how to end SIP. This concept and methodology is independent of the atmospheric dispersion model used, and is not limited to chemical warfare agent vapor hazards. Thus it can help make decisions on when and how to end SIP following the accidental release of many other non-flammable non-reactive hazardous vapors if sufficient information is available about the characteristics of the material and the circumstances of the release.

  17. Economics is the study of how people make decisions to spend their incomes and time, and how people interact in a social setting to produce and to distribute goods and services. Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    Economics is the study of how people make decisions to spend their incomes and time, and how people interact in a social setting to produce and to distribute goods and services. Economics examines of development of institutions from diverse technical realities and historical experiences. Economics explains

  18. Enriching Sustainable Transport Decisions: Inputs from Operations Research and the Management Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wellar, Barry; Garrison, William

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to decision processes involving sustainable transportused to enrich sustainable transport decision processes andthe process of making decisions about sustainable transport

  19. Efficient Transportation Decision Public Web Site: Bridging the Gap Between Transportation Planning and the Public

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roaza, Ruth

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for accomplishing transportation planning and projectprocess the Efficient Transportation Decision Making (Process - is to make transportation decisions more quickly

  20. Between a Rock and a Soft Place: Investigating prima facie irrationality and farmers' decision-making in the cotton region of south-western Chad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnier, Matthias

    2012-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    access to inputs and credit that are systemically unavailable via other crops. It will also show that social factors such as inedibility of cotton or applied informal peer-pressure to grow cotton form irrefutable elements of farmers agricultural decision...

  1. 20072012 Career Decision Making Assessment Plan The following areas will be assessed as part of a comprehensive assessment plan to enhance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    Inventories Rationale: The COPSystem Inventories have been given to LSU students who seek to make will be conducted in which 2025 students will take the COPSystem Inventories early in the spring 2008 semesterBriggs/Strong Interest Inventory Rationale: Students who seek to make a choice of major or career that is aligned

  2. Use of hazard assessments to support risk-based decision making in the US Department of Energy Stockpile Stewardship (SS-21) Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fischer, S.R.; Konkel, H.; Rainbolt, M.

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes the nuclear explosive hazard assessment activities performed to support the US Department of Energy (DOE) Stockpile Stewardship (SS-21) Integrated Safety or ``Seamless Safety`` program. Past practice within the DOE Complex dictated the use of a significant number of post-design/ fabrication safety reviews to analyze the safety associated with operations on nuclear explosives and to answer safety questions. These practices have focused on reviewing-in or auditing-in safety vs incorporating safety in the design process. SS-21 was proposed by the DOE as an avenue to develop a program to ``integrate established, recognized, verifiable safety criteria into the process at the design stage rather than continuing the reliance on reviews, evaluations and audits.`` The cornerstone of the SS-21 design process is the hazard assessment, which is performed concurrently with process and tooling design. The hazard assessment is used as the key management tool to guide overall risk management associated with the nuclear explosive activity through supporting risk-based decisions made with respect to process design.

  3. Practical risk-based decision making: Good decisions made efficiently

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haire, M.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Guthrie, V.; Walker, D. [JBF Associates, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States); Singer, R. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Robotics and Process Systems Division of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Westinghouse Savannah River Company have teamed with JBF Associates, Inc. to address risk-based robotic planning. The objective of the project is to provide systematic, risk-based relative comparisons of competing alternatives for solving clean-up problems at DOE facilities. This paper presents the methodology developed, describes the software developed to efficiently apply the methodology, and discusses the results of initial applications for DOE. The paper also addresses current work in applying the approach to problems in other industries (including an example from the hydrocarbon processing industry).

  4. Decision Making, Movement Planning,1 and Statistical Decision Theory2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maloney, Laurence T.

    -Behaghel-Str. 10F18 35394 Giessen, Germany19 Email: Julia.Trommershaeuser@psychol.uni-giessen.de20 Phone: +49 641

  5. Arguing for Decisions: A Qualitative Model of Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonet, Blai

    Universidad Simon Bol var Aptdo. 89000, Caracas 1080-A Venezuela Hector Ge ner Dpto. de Computacion Universidad Simon Bol var Aptdo. 89000, Caracas 1080-A Venezuela Abstract We develop a qualitative model

  6. Systems analysis of major consumer energy decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sisler, Nicholas Daniel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    American consumers make a number of decisions that significantly impact their energy use. Some of the most important of these decisions were identified and analyzed for the purpose of including them in a Consumer Energy ...

  7. Quantitative Decision-making in Software Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharya, Pamela

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    spread of influence [78] David Kempe, Jon Kleinberg, and Evatomers to maximize profit. Kempe et al. [78] presented an

  8. Algorithmic modeling of decision making over networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vattani, Andrea

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tardos. Maximizing the David Kempe, Jon M. Kleinberg, andNicole Immorlica, David Kempe, and Robert Klein- berg.is also related to our work. Kempe et al. [KKT03] considered

  9. Initial Risk Analysis and Decision Making Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercialization of new carbon capture simulation initiative (CCSI) technology will include two key elements of risk management, namely, technical risk (will process and plant performance be effective, safe, and reliable) and enterprise risk (can project losses and costs be controlled within the constraints of market demand to maintain profitability and investor confidence). Both of these elements of risk are incorporated into the risk analysis subtask of Task 7. Thus far, this subtask has developed a prototype demonstration tool that quantifies risk based on the expected profitability of expenditures when retrofitting carbon capture technology on a stylized 650 MW pulverized coal electric power generator. The prototype is based on the selection of specific technical and financial factors believed to be important determinants of the expected profitability of carbon capture, subject to uncertainty. The uncertainty surrounding the technical performance and financial variables selected thus far is propagated in a model that calculates the expected profitability of investments in carbon capture and measures risk in terms of variability in expected net returns from these investments. Given the preliminary nature of the results of this prototype, additional work is required to expand the scope of the model to include additional risk factors, additional information on extant and proposed risk factors, the results of a qualitative risk factor elicitation process, and feedback from utilities and other interested parties involved in the carbon capture project. Additional information on proposed distributions of these risk factors will be integrated into a commercial implementation framework for the purpose of a comparative technology investment analysis.

  10. Essays in belief formation and decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Justin M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in response and economic incentives . . . . . . . 3.4.2heightened individual economic incentives. Chapter 4 uses aheightened individual economic incentives. Introduction In

  11. Algorithmic modeling of decision making over networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vattani, Andrea

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MS09] A. Montanari and A. Saberi. Convergence to equilibriumresults by Montanari and Saberi [MS09] regarding the spread

  12. Politically rational foreign policy decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, Charles Todd

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    and institutional arrangements? (1988, 432). Second, Putnam contends that there are few theories that connect domestic and international politics. ?We need to move beyond the mere observation that domestic factors influence international affairs and vice versa...

  13. Environmental decision making: supply-chain considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Sustainability. Green Manufacturing Group. Clarens, A.for implementing green manufacturing. Transactions of the

  14. Essays on microeconomics and statistical decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nieto Barthaburu, Augusto

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An Introduction to Econometric Theory. Princeton Universityand S. Low (1989): An Econometric Analysis of the Bankextensive statistical and econometric literature concerned

  15. Environmental decision making: supply-chain considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    manufacturing environmental impact and enable the reductionthe supply chain (3) environmental impact and cost must bethe supply chains environmental impact and flexibility (

  16. Environmental decision making: supply-chain considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2007). France Energy Mix Fact Sheet. http://Commission (2007). Germany Energy Mix Fact Sheet. availability, and energy mix are discussed. Finally, a tool

  17. Essays in belief formation and decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Justin M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Season Player Kobe Bryant Lamar Odom Vladimir Radmanovicand United States Olympian, Lamar Odom, took the second mostThe second highest paid player, Lamar Odom, took the second

  18. Tank Farm Area Cleanup Decision-Making

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystallineForeign ObjectOUR TableE9.securityTamasK-1Reader's GuideCoverFarm

  19. Geospatial Decision Making System - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky Learning FunNeuTel2011 Venezia,Lab GeorgeBiomass and

  20. Environmental decision making: supply-chain considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne; Dornfeld, David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    contributor to environmental damage and resource use. Thisthe reduction of environmental damage through informed

  1. Decision Summaries

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ohadecision-summaries Office of Hearings and Appeals 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC, 20585 202-287-1566 en Summary of Decisions - October 6, 2014 - October 10, 2014...

  2. Informing design decisions : an approach to corporate building design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Marc A

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is an investigation into design methodologies. How do we, as designers, prepare ourselves for decision making and evaluate our assumptions and decisions? The intent is to employ this information as a basis for ...

  3. A Decision Support System for chemical incident information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Gaurav

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Decision Support Systems (DSS) find extensive applications in business enabling industry managers to make intelligent risk decisions. Although widely used in business applications, the application of DSS to Process Safety Management has been lacking...

  4. America Makes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    America Makes advances additive manufacturing technology and products, and serves as a nationally recognized additive manufacturing center of innovation excellence, working to transform the U.S. manufacturing sector and yield significant advancements throughout industry. America Makes was formerly called the National Additive Manufacturing Innovation Institute (NAMII).

  5. Enhancing the systems decision process with flexibility analysis for optimal unmanned aircraft system selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachmann, Chris H., III (Christopher Henry)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems Engineers often conduct decision analysis in order to provide decision makers with a quantifiable means to make decisions. However, the field of Systems Engineering is often criticized for focusing on processes and ...

  6. We investigate the role of risk perceptions in societal decision-making and as determinants of the social costs of alternative energy sources. Our point of departure is the internationally unique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    -making and as determinants of the social costs of alternative energy sources. Our point of departure is the internationally in energy policy. The survey elicited explicitly the importance of subjective risks on preferences regarding

  7. The Design of an IEP Decision Aid: A Tool for Diverse Parents of Children with Autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuttler, Jessica Oeth

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Decision-making is a universal process that occurs constantly in life. Parent participation in educational decision-making is recognized as important by special education law, by special education and school psychology ...

  8. Assessment of New Approaches in Geothermal Exploration Decision...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Assessment of New Approaches in Geothermal Exploration Decision Making Preprint Sertac Akar and Katherine R. Young National Renewable Energy Laboratory Presented at the Fourtieth...

  9. 2000 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    History Book Records of Decision Tribal Affairs 2000 Records of Decision Fourmile Hill Geothermal Development Project Power Purchase and Transmission Service Agreements -...

  10. REJOI NDER: UNCERTAI NTY A ND DECISION As we (Halpern et al. 2006) and Mangel (2006) point out,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Queensland, University of

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    paper assumes a risk-averse decision maker at the outset. Other methods of uncertainty analysis and attitudes to risk in order to make a final decision. But even when a decision is based upon a model a management plan needs to be and then model appropriate management solutions. Tools for making decisions under

  11. Decision insight into stakeholder conflict for ERN.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siirola, John; Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Benz, Zachary O.; Stansbury, Melanie; Richards, Elizabeth H.; Turnley, Jessica Glicken (Galisteo Consulting); Warrender, Christina E.; Morrow, James Dan

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Participatory modeling has become an important tool in facilitating resource decision making and dispute resolution. Approaches to modeling that are commonly used in this context often do not adequately account for important human factors. Current techniques provide insights into how certain human activities and variables affect resource outcomes; however, they do not directly simulate the complex variables that shape how, why, and under what conditions different human agents behave in ways that affect resources and human interactions related to them. Current approaches also do not adequately reveal how the effects of individual decisions scale up to have systemic level effects in complex resource systems. This lack of integration prevents the development of more robust models to support decision making and dispute resolution processes. Development of integrated tools is further hampered by the fact that collection of primary data for decision-making modeling is costly and time consuming. This project seeks to develop a new approach to resource modeling that incorporates both technical and behavioral modeling techniques into a single decision-making architecture. The modeling platform is enhanced by use of traditional and advanced processes and tools for expedited data capture. Specific objectives of the project are: (1) Develop a proof of concept for a new technical approach to resource modeling that combines the computational techniques of system dynamics and agent based modeling, (2) Develop an iterative, participatory modeling process supported with traditional and advance data capture techniques that may be utilized to facilitate decision making, dispute resolution, and collaborative learning processes, and (3) Examine potential applications of this technology and process. The development of this decision support architecture included both the engineering of the technology and the development of a participatory method to build and apply the technology. Stakeholder interaction with the model and associated data capture was facilitated through two very different modes of engagement, one a standard interface involving radio buttons, slider bars, graphs and plots, while the other utilized an immersive serious gaming interface. The decision support architecture developed through this project was piloted in the Middle Rio Grande Basin to examine how these tools might be utilized to promote enhanced understanding and decision-making in the context of complex water resource management issues. Potential applications of this architecture and its capacity to lead to enhanced understanding and decision-making was assessed through qualitative interviews with study participants who represented key stakeholders in the basin.

  12. Interoperability Checklist for Decision-Makers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melton, Ronald B.; Ambrosio, Ron

    2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In April 2007 the GridWise Architecture Council published the Introduction to Interoperability and Decision-Makers Interoperability Checklist Version 1.0 as a tool to be used by policy makers and executives making smart grid policy or investment decisions. Subsequently there has been a significant amount of additional work on smart grid interoperability by the council and others. This paper summarizes the current efforts of the council to update the checklist to incorporate this subsequent work.

  13. Implications of the KONVERGENCE Model for Difficult Cleanup Decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piet, Steven James; Dakins, Maxine Ellen; Gibson, Patrick Lavern; Joe, Jeffrey Clark; Kerr, Thomas A; Nitschke, Robert Leon

    2002-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    AbstractSome cleanup decisions, such as cleanup of intractable contaminated sites or disposal of spent nuclear fuel, have proven difficult to make. Such decisions face high resistance to agreement from stakeholders possibly because they do not trust the decision makers, view the consequences of being wrong as too high, etc. Our projects goal is to improve sciencebased cleanup decision-making. This includes diagnosing intractable situations, as a step to identifying a path toward sustainable solutions. Companion papers describe the underlying philosophy of the KONVERGENCE Model for Sustainable Decisions,1 and the overall framework and process steps.2 Where knowledge, values, and resources converge (the K, V, and R in KONVERGENCE), you will find a sustainable decision a decision that works over time. For intractable cases, serious consideration of the adaptable class of alternatives is warranted if properly implemented and packaged.

  14. Are Peasants Risk-Averse Decision joseph henrich and richard mcelreath

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McElreath, Richard

    actually results from ra- tional cost benefit analysis in which individuals make risk-averse decisions views of risk-averse decision making may not be the best theoretical tools for understanding "peasant172 Reports Are Peasants Risk-Averse Decision Makers?1 joseph henrich and richard mcelreath

  15. Agribusiness Faculty Members Perceptions of Importance and Inclusion of Decision Science Topics in Undergraduate Agribusiness Curricula

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfskill, Lawrence Arthur

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Agribusiness degree programs train managers to make decisions in complex business environments. Curriculum designers generally look to the offerings of peer institutions for guidance. Decision science (DS) topics are important parts...

  16. ACES Linking Science, Practice, and Decision Making Conference

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    ACES: A Community on Ecosystem Services represents a dynamic and growing assembly of professionals, researchers, and policy makers involved with ecosystem services. The ACES 2014 Conference brings...

  17. Learned Human-in-the-Loop Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basso, Brandon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that it was human. - Alan Turing Introduction Learning is agreat frequency. - Alan Turing Introduction The Generalized

  18. On Decision Making Following an Industrial Energy Audit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muller, M. R.; Barnish, T.; Polomski, P. P.

    A survey of 104 manufacturers has been carried out. Each plant had received an energy audit by an EADC at least 24 months prior to the study. The survey attempted to determine why certain recommendations made in the audit report were not implemented...

  19. Medical Decision Making in Clinical Care: Avoiding Common Errors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Edwards Blake Cook Whitney Houston Josh Edwards Ian Sudderth Richmond Jones Scott Jeffries Cindy Crawford Trone Sawyer Madonna Taylor Swift Dewar Gleissner Jennifer Lopez Gary Friend Rex Myers Sean Anglin Zack Fey Oprah Winfrey Elizabeth Edwards Blake Cook Whitney Houston Josh Edwards Ian Sudderth Richmond

  20. Identifying teacher expertise: An examination of researchers' decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Burdenski, Jr. Department of Psychology Adams State College Maricela Gonzales Department of Educational Psychology Texas A&M University This article reviews indicators used by researchers to select samples of expert teachers. Re- flecting initially... PALMER, STOUGH, BURDENSKI, GONZALES this construct have found that individual expertise is unique to a specific domain of activity and requires thousands of hours of dedicated practice within that domain (Berliner, 1994; Ericsson, 1996). Researchers also...

  1. Low Stream Flows: Making Decisions in an Uncertain Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is an assessment method for water diversions needed by small-scale hydroelectric projects, I found that uncertainty-scale hydroelectric projects in BC may become more restricted in the future. Keywords: Instream flow needs; low-flow period; fish habitat; run-of-river hydroelectric generation; climate change; small streams; #12;v

  2. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research Institute of SME, vol. 35, pp. 193200, 2007. [80]Research Insti- tute of SME, Monterrey, Mexico, vol. 35,Research Institute of SME, vol. 34, pp. 381388, 2006. [6

  3. A Composite Risk Measure Framework for Decision Making under ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Article submitted to Operations Research; manuscript no. ...... In this section, we conduct numerical experiments to demonstrate the tractability and effectiveness.

  4. D2 Dopamine Receptor Mediation of Risky Decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Nicholas Wayne

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    and distance traveled were positively correlated with each other (r = .96, p <.001), and neither of these measures were correlated with time in center (rs < .22, n.s.). Comparison between Anxiety Measures No correlations were observed between any...

  5. Smart customization : making evidence-based environmental decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Ryan C. C., 1974-

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the environmental benefits created by the manufacture, distribution, and consumer use of products that are mass customized (MC) or produced "on-demand" and tailored to individual end-user preferences. ...

  6. Financial evaluation and decision making processes for environmental technology projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dreher, Jonathan J. (Jonathan Jacob)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The convergence of the information age with an improved understanding of the effects humans have on the environment provides exciting new opportunities to improve our impact on the world. Though modem companies collect and ...

  7. An analysis of economic rationality in decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladewig, Howard W

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Northern High Plains of Texas" which was conducted during the winter of 1969. The sample consisted oi' 101 farm operators from four counties in the Northern High Plains of Texas. The soils of this area are inherently fertile and with adequate moisture... REFERENCES 67 APPENDIXES Field Schedule Used in. 'the Northern High Plains of Texas 1969 Explanations Concerning Correlation and the Coefficient of Determination VITA LIST OF TABLES Table Page Population and Number of Farms in the Northern High...

  8. Classification Decision-Making Implicit system Explicit system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pillow, Jonathan

    system mediated task impacted by working memory/attention demand. 2) Implicit system mediated task explicit task learning when feedback is negative and emotionally valenced--that is, when correct responses that (a) optimize the learning and long-term retention of adaptive behaviors, and those that (b) optimize

  9. Classification Decision-Making Implicit system Explicit system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maddox, W. Todd

    system mediated task impacted by working memory/attention demand. 2) Implicit system mediated task explicit task learning when feedback is negative and emotionally valenced--that is, when correct responses)]: Background: Identifying reinforcement contingencies that (a) optimize the learning and long-term retention

  10. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    engines and engine parts Wiring devices Mechanical measuring devices Laboratory and optical instruments Plastics materials and resins Magnetic

  11. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    how to think about green manufacturing and sustainability.for sustainable or green manufacturing is that it is not anthe implementation of green manufacturing, where a wedge

  12. Political-economic processes and collective decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausser, Gordon C.; Simon, Leo K.; van 't Veld, Klaas T.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    model of the political economic process? There is a preciseto model a political-economic process. We point out that in1994 Economic~ POLITICAL ECONOMIC PROCESSES AND COLLECTIVE

  13. Risk Analysis and Decision-Making Under Uncertainty: A Strategy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Estimation Since 2002 To view all the P&RA CoP 2014 Technical Exchange Meeting videos click here. Video Presentation - Part 1 Video Presentation - Part 2 Risk Analysis and...

  14. The observatory : designing data-driven decision making tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simoes, Alexander James Gaspar

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Creative usages of graphics to encode information date back to at least the beginnings of the industrial revolution. It is also around that same time that a gap between the wealthiest of nations and least begins to develop. ...

  15. Decision Making Based on a Nonparametric Shape-Preserving ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 25, 2013 ... Jian Hu. Department of Industrial and Manufacturing System Engineering ... tarian theories, axioms, and postulates, which explain economic or...

  16. Environmental life cycle assessment as a decision making tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    · Bi-objective optimization to consider environmental and economic metrics · Steam and Power Plant and Heijungs (2002). Handbook on Life Cycle Assessment. Kluwer Academic Publ. #12;PASI 2011 Potential #12;PASI 2011 Steam and power plant #12;PASI 2011 Steam and power demands #12;Martínez P. and Eliceche

  17. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental life-cycle assessment (LCA) is a powerful tool52] EIO-LCA, Economic input-output life cycle assessment,

  18. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    European Commission, France energy mix fact sheet, http://European Commission, Germany energy mix fact sheet, http://ways, including regional energy mix variations, resource

  19. Information Theory and Observational Limitations in Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Institute, 1399 Hyde Park Road Santa Fe, NM 87501 Center for Nonlinear Studies, MS B258, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 MS 269-1, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 94035, USA david

  20. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to GHG/kWh of the USA electricity supply chain are coalGHG/kWh of electricity example based on USA. Distributionnuclear (USA) are different because of the electricity mix

  1. Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich-Weiser, Corinne

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and engine parts Wiring devices Mechanical measuring devices Laboratory and optical instruments Plastics materials and resins Magnetic and

  2. Short Communication The Anterior Midline Field: Coercion or decision making?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pylkkänen, Liina

    into an eventive meaning in order to match the semantic properties of the event-selecting verb (e.g., `the author encodes that activity meaning. Where does meaning come from when it does not come from the syntax of the coercing noun [Pylkkänen, L., & McElree, B. (2007). An MEG study of silent meaning. Journal of Cognitive

  3. Make-buy decisions in the face of radical innovations.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perrons, Robert Kirby

    2004-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    .............................................................................................................106 CHAPTER 7: SLOW CLOCKSPEED CASE STUDYTHE INTRODUCTION OF TWISTERS CYCLONE SEPARATOR................................................................................................................107 7.1 Establishing Twister as a Slow Clockspeed... .4.2 Outsourcing Strategy ................................................................................................113 7.5 The New Technology: Twister Cyclone Separators.........................................................113 7.5.1 The Technology...

  4. Robust and Data-Driven Optimization: Modern Decision-Making ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    ?Boeing Professor of Operations Research, Sloan School of Management, ... uncertainty sets, which preserves the class of problems under analysis, e.g., the ..... return of asset i belongs to the interval [ri ? si,ri + si] with ri = 1.15 + i(0.05/150) and si = ..... Does the manager derive deeper insights into the impact of uncertainty?

  5. Northeast Climate Science Center Webinar - Making Decision in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    use, but their conservation is challenged by the need to address the threats at a landscape scale, often through coordination with multiple management agencies and landowners....

  6. Managing infrastructure systems: who's heard in the decision making process?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Sheri LaShel

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    applied to the various data sets provided by the City of Houston. The results of the analysis supports the following: Citizen contacts have been significant in determining the allocation of water and sewer CIP projects; however, that has not been...........................................................................11 1.3 Summary of Houston?s CIP Process .................................................................12 4.1 Water and Sewer Related Complaints...............................................................61 ix LIST OF TABLES...

  7. Giraffes, religion and conflict : essays in behavioral decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mochon, Daniel

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Essay 1: Objective Scale Anchoring in Sequential Judgments We explore the scope and boundary conditions for anchoring when respondents render sequential judgments in the absence of an explicit comparative standard. We show ...

  8. Systems Medicine: An Integrated Approach with Decision Making Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faryabi, Babak

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    graph for the 3-gene Boolean network in Figure 1. . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3 Two realizations of trajectories for the oriented graph in Figure 2. . 16 4 A schematic of transition in SM-ARN with two consecutive epoch times tk and tk+1. The inter... ? shown with a dashed-line box. Each marker indicates the instant in which the corresponding gene updates its value. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 13 Schematic of transitions in a hypothetical three-gene SM-ARN alongwith...

  9. Optimal decision making in ventilation control Andrew Kusiak*, Mingyang Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    based on the maximum occupancy of a facility. To provide air quality guidelines, ASHRAE Standard 90.1 [2] specifies the minimum ventilation rate of 2.5 l/s per person, while ASHRAE Standard 62-2004 [3] has been

  10. EM Risk and Cleanup Decision Making Presentation by Mark Gilbertson...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of environmental resources * Treatment and disposition of radioactive waste and special nuclear materials * Deactivation and decommissioning of facilities www.em.doe.gov 10 *...

  11. Learned Human-in-the-Loop Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basso, Brandon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stabliization Job Shop Scheduling Motion Control Referencefrom server scheduling to air traffic control. The utilityair traffic control, power grid scheduling, FedEx, and

  12. Decision Making under Uncertainty: Reliability and Incentive Compatibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Tingting

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and optimal scheduling control. Operations Research, 40:293of pricing, scheduling, and admission control policy shouldon pricing, scheduling, and admission control in queueing

  13. Is the Make-Buy Decision Process a Core Competence?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fine, Charles H.

    2002-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Many of today's products are so complex that no single company has all the necessary knowledge about either the product or the required processes to completely design and manufacture them in-house. As a result, most companies ...

  14. Decision Making under Uncertainty when Preference Information is ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    best fitted piecewise linear utility function does have a more complex representation: for instance, ... While we argued that this situation is unlikely to occur in practice, we hope to verify that the .... Measuring utility by a single-

  15. PREFERENCE COORDINATION IN ENGINEERING DESIGN DECISION-MAKING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    practice and determining how best to coordinate this with engineering. He contributed directly and Carl Lenker contributed to the cost and demand models developed in Chapter 7, in addition to providing of freedom and responsibility; developing my sense of the academic literature and community in engineering

  16. Decision Making with Imprecise Probabilistic Information Thibault Gajdos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    that there are 30 red balls and 60 black or yellow balls in the urn, the draw of a roulette wheel (with number from, subjects tend to choose to bet on the color of a ball drawn from an urn whose composition is known, say, 50 black balls and 50 white balls rather than on the color of a ball drawn from an urn that contains black

  17. Technology Development Transition Process: Decision-Making Guide and Checklist

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaeffer, Michael L.; Ace, Mary H.; Martin, Steven W.

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document supports right-sizing documentation needs with technology development and deployment projects.

  18. DOE Secretarial Memorandum on Improved Decision Making through the

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Deliciouscritical_materials_workshop_presentations.pdf MoreProgramof EnergyDepartment of EnergyIntegration of

  19. Extension Strategic Plan 1 GUIDELINES FOR DECISION-MAKING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Netoff, Theoden

    education with organizational efficiency and accountability. In the changing and competitive global organizational capacity to reach these goals, but that we set the stage for the kind of transformative change and understanding. The Strategic Plan articulates a shared purpose that builds upon existing organizational

  20. Sequential Decision Making in General State Space models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kantas, Nikolas

    of Cambridge for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Nikolas Kantas Corpus Christi College, February 2009 SIGNAL to the University of Cambridge for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Summary Many problems in control and signal to the original problem. In Chapter 5 we presented how an SMC can be used to solve a risk sensitive control

  1. Decision-making models for reproducing intelligence in transportation |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesData Files Data Files 1B&W Y-12 Tymes &

  2. Electric System Decision Making in Other Regions: A Preliminary Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program - LibbyofThisStatement Tuesday,DepartmentTheand

  3. EM Risk and Cleanup Decision Making Presentation by Mark Gilbertson

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power SystemsResources DOE ZeroThreeEnergyDepartment0: DOE512: AlaskaDR. STFDlN L.August

  4. Robust Decision Making using a Risk-Averse Utility Set

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 17, 2012 ... Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences .... Monotonicity and boundedness are usually assumed to be basic properties of utility functions ..... approach is to treat personal choices as i.i.d. samples and a confidence interval is thus built to be ... In contrast, we present a linear program-.

  5. Decision Making Under Ambiguity: A Belief-function Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Rajendra P.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    called EH). Received: 8 August 1996. Ernst & Young Professor Director, Ernst & Young Center for Auditing Research and Advanced Tech-nology Division of Accounting and Information Systems School of Business, The University of Kansas Lawrence, KS 66045, USA.... This rule is equivalent to "minimax" rule in a two-person zero-sum game. It is interesting to note that the proposition developed in the article not only explains Ellsberg's paradox but also models correctly all the behaviors observed by EH. The remaining...

  6. Northeast Climate Science Center Webinar- Making Decision in Complex Landscapes: Headwater Stream Management Across Multiple Agencies Using Structured Decision Making

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    There is growing evidence that headwater stream ecosystems are vulnerable to changing climate and land use, but their conservation is challenged by the need to address the threats at a landscape...

  7. DECISION MODELS FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLANNING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hai

    widespread applications in civilian sectors, both in private companies and in the nonmilitary government. The majority of Fortune 500 companies have utilized O.R. inside to help them in their decision making, long.R. experience, created its DRAFT #12;own permanent O.R. group within the City's Office of Management and Budget

  8. MIS 383N DECISION SUPPORT MODELING SPRING 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Joydeep

    MIS 383N DECISION SUPPORT MODELING SPRING 2012 TT 12:30-2:00, GSB 3.106 Professor James S. Dyer. Materials Required: The primary textbook is: (C&R) Clemen, R. and Reilly, T., Making Hard Decisions, South Grove, CA: Duxbury Press (ISBN 0-324-66244-0) (TM) Titman, T. and J. D. Martin. 2011, 2 nd Edition

  9. GIDA____________________ Journal of Geographic Information and Decision Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klippel, Alexander

    , pp . 129-139 GIDA 2001 ISSN 1480-8943 Sharing Exploratory Geospatial Analysis and Decision Making networks, mobile computing devices and other location-based #12;Sharing Exploratory Geospatial AnalysisGIDA____________________ Journal of Geographic Information and Decision Analysis 2001, Vol. 5, No.2

  10. Decision Center for a Desert City Water/Climate Briefings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    Water and its Role in Mitigation of Surface/Ground water depletion ­ Max Krzyzewski Climate Change EfDecision Center for a Desert City Water/Climate Briefings A place where multiple perspectives with the public policy community to investigate water, climate, decision-making and vulnerability

  11. Applications of Belief Functions in Business Decisions: A Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Rajendra P.; Liu, Liping

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we review recent applications of Dempster-Shafer theory (DST) of belief functions to auditing and business decision-making. We show how DST can better map uncertainties in the application domains than ...

  12. Including costs of supply chain risk in strategic sourcing decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Avani

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cost evaluations do not always include the costs associated with risks when organizations make strategic sourcing decisions. This research was conducted to establish and quantify the impact of risks and risk-related costs ...

  13. Establishment of Management Decisions on Office of Inspector General Reports

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The order establishes the responsibilities and requirements for Department of Energy elements to make management decisions on Office of Inspector General audits and public inspection reports. Cancels DOE O 221.3.

  14. Establishment of Management Decisions on Office of Inspector General Reports

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2001-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    To establish the responsibilities and requirements for Department of Energy (DOE) action required to make management decisions on Office of Inspector General (OIG) audit and public inspection reports. Cancels DOE 2320.2B

  15. Statement of Secretary Steven Chu on President Obama's Decision...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    science is at the heart of decisions we make. From energy to environmental protection to health care reform, Americans will be well served by this approach. " Media contact(s):...

  16. accelerating policy decisions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tiongson 2012-01-01 56 Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe Physics Websites Summary: 1...

  17. aid decision tool: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Page Topic Index 121 Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe Physics Websites Summary: 1...

  18. Risk Analysis, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2009 DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2008.01130.x Uses and Misuses of Multicriteria Decision Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    decision analysis (MCDA) has been recognized as an important tool in environ- mental decision makingRisk Analysis, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2009 DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2008.01130.x Uses and Misuses of Multicriteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) in Environmental Decision Making Katie Steele,1, Yohay Carmel,2 Jean

  19. Risk-Informed Decisions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory's Risk-Informed Decisions division study the interaction between human and machines to determine how that relationship can be improved in order to enhance performance...

  20. 2008 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  1. 2006 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  2. 2007 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  3. 2002 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  4. 2003 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  5. 1995 Records of Decision

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    5-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  6. 1996 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  7. 2005 Records of Decision

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    5-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  8. 2012 Records of Decision

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    2-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  9. 1997 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  10. 2010 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  11. 2013 Records of Decision

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    3-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  12. 2001 Records of Decision

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    1-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  13. 2009 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  14. 1999 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  15. 2004 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  16. 2011 Records of Decision

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1-Records-of-Decision Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

  17. With the support of the Advanced Decision Architectures Collaborative Technology Alliance sponsored by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (DAAD19-01-2-0009) and the Office of Naval Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    economic decision making. Economic decision making should be modeled as a learning process, involving more in human-like behavior representation, they have rarely been used to study economic decision making decision situations, like economic settings. This chapter will demonstrate the potential of ACT-R to model

  18. Workshop Helps Empower Tribes to Make Renewable Energy Project...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    from NREL technical experts on how to use a free online tool called the System Advisor Model to make informed decisions about renewable energy development. Photo by John De...

  19. An economic study of tactical crop production decisions in the Blacklands: the melding of biophysical simulation and economic decision models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dillon, Carl R.

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    . Mjelde A changing economic and technical production environment has result- ed in the need for economic re-evaluation of crop production decisions in the Texas Blacklands. Lack of relevant production data is a major prob- lem in this and other... management decislon- making and the economic feasibility of corn under the complication of limited or nonexistent production data. TBE LOGIC OF DECISIOMNAKING A comprehension of the decision-making process highlights the inter- relations of problem...

  20. Environmental Decision Analysis: Meeting the Challenges of Making Good Decisions at CALFED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Claire D

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental Water Account, Drinking Water Quality, Watershed Management,environmental collaborations, formed with the express goal of improving ecological health and water management

  1. The IRD's decision bodies Participation in scientific partnerships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrand, economics Netij Ben Mechlia, faculty member, national institute of Agronomy, Tunisia (INAT), agro-climatology, evaluations Jean-Luc Redelsperger, research director, CNRS, climatology Sergio Revah, faculty member

  2. Classification Based Mode Decisions for Video over Networks Deepak S. Turaga and Tsuhan Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    classification based approach to making such mode decisions accurately and efficiently. We first illustrateClassification Based Mode Decisions for Video over Networks Deepak S. Turaga and Tsuhan Chen Engineering Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Inter-Intra Decision Regions mrMAD Energy 0 10 20

  3. UNDERSTANDING HOME RENOVATION DECISIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    UNDERSTANDING HOME RENOVATION DECISIONS - A Research Project - Background to Our Research Energy to renovate their homes. We're interested in energy efficiency, but in all other efficient renova/ons can lower energy bills, improve comfort by reducing dra

  4. CropIrri: A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR CROP IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : A field crop irrigation management decision-making system (CropIrri) was developed based on the soil water management model. The irrigation plan is made through predicating of soil water content in root zone-sowing and real-time irrigation management decision-making support, simulation of soil water dynamics in the root

  5. Why Markets Make Mistakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weil, Henry Birdseye

    2009-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Many models of markets are based on assumptions of rationality, transparency, efficiency, and homogeneity in various combinations. They assume, at least implicitly, that decision makers understand the structure of the ...

  6. When Do Their Casualties Count? Exploring Wartime Decisions that Pit Security Against Harm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roblyer, Dwight Andrew

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    , it does this through developing an innovative model that moves beyond the traditional rational choice assumptions. The model describes targeting decision inputs and outcomes. It also addresses how individuals make targeting choices. The distinction...-level and decision-making approaches, there have also been efforts to build bridges across the divide (see Bueno de Mesquita and McDermott 2004). This dissertation, by nature of its core puzzle, will focus on individual decisions as a means to understand targeting...

  7. Fan Energy Savings Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monroe, R. C.

    Axial fans are used for thousands of industrial applications consuming millions of kilowatts daily. The decision that saves dollars is to either automatically change fan speed or change blade pitch to save up to 50 percent of consumed power over a...

  8. Decision management for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberds, W.J.; Haerer, H.A. (Golder Associates, Inc., Redmond, WA (United States)); Winterfeldt, D.V. (Decision Insights, Laguna Beach, CA (United States))

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is in the process of developing estimates for the radiation doses that individuals and population groups may have received as a result of past activities at the Hanford Reservation in Eastern Washington. A formal decision-aiding methodology has been developed to assist the HEDR Project in making significant and defensible decisions regarding how this study will be conducted. These decisions relate primarily to policy (e.g., the appropriate level of public participation in the study) and specific technical aspects (e.g., the appropriate domain and depth of the study), and may have significant consequences with respect to technical results, costs, and public acceptability.

  9. Record of Decision for Amchitka Surface Closure, Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Record of Decision has been prepared to document the remedial actions taken on Amchitka Island to stabilize contaminants associated with drilling mud pits generated as a result of nuclear testing operations conducted on the island. This document has been prepared in accordance with the recommended outline in the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation guidance on decision documentation under the Site Cleanup Rules (18 AAC 75.325-18 AAC 75.390) (ADEC 1999). It also describes the decision-making process used to establish the remedial action plans and defines the associated human health and ecological risks for the remediation.

  10. Enabling effective product launch decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akamphon, Sappinandana

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present work looks into the question of optimizing the performance of product launch decisions-in particular, the decisions of product development duration and manufacturing ramp-up. It presents an innovative model for ...

  11. IBRD Operational Decision Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenwalt, R; Hibbard, W; Raber, E; Carlsen, T; Folks, K; MacQueen, D; Mancieri, S; Bunt, T; Richards, J; Hirabayashi-Dethier, J

    2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The IBRD Operational Decision Framework in this document is an expansion of an emerging general risk management framework under development by an interagency working group. It provides the level of detail necessary to develop a general Consequence Management Guidance Document for biological contamination remediation and restoration. It is the intent of this document to support both wide area and individual site remediation and restoration activities. This product was initiated as a portion of the IBRD Task 1 Systems Analysis to aid in identification of wide area remediation and restoration shortcomings and gaps. The draft interagency general risk management framework was used as the basis for the analysis. The initial Task 1 analysis document expanded the draft interagency framework to a higher level of resolution, building on both the logic structure and the accompanying text explanations. It was then employed in a qualitative manner to identify responsible agencies, data requirements, tool requirements, and current capabilities for each decision and task. This resulted in identifying shortcomings and gaps needing resolution. Several meetings of a joint LLNL/SNL working group reviewed and approved the initial content of this analysis. At the conclusion of Task 1, work continued on the expanded framework to generate this Operational Decision Framework which is consistent with the existing interagency general risk management framework. A large LLNL task group met repeatedly over a three-month period to develop the expanded framework, coordinate the framework with the biological remediation checklist, and synchronize the logic with the Consequence Management Plan table of contents. The expanded framework was briefed at a large table top exercise reviewing the interagency risk management framework. This exercise had representation from major US metropolitan areas as well as national agencies. This product received positive comments from the participants. Upon completion of the Operational Decision Framework, another joint LLNL/SNL working group conducted a day-long review. Identified modifications were made to the document, resulting in the included product.

  12. Implementing Motor Decision Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, R. N.

    Implementing Motor Decision Plans R. Neal Elliott, Ph.D., P.E., Senior Associate American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE), Washington, DC Abstract The first step to reducing energy costs and increasing reliability in motors... when a motor fails and must either be replaced or repaired. This is represented visually in Figure 1. When purchasing a motor for a new application, time is usually available to consider various options. However, once a motor has failed...

  13. Decision Support and Risk Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and emergency management officials during the planning, incident management preparedness, and response phasesDecision Support and Risk Management CVMDM: Community Vaccination and Mass Dispensing Model What and the performance of prophylaxis supply logistics and PODs. Decision and Information Sciences Division Decision

  14. Method of making multilayered titanium ceramic composites

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fisher, George T., II; Hansen; Jeffrey S.; Oden; Laurance L.; Turner; Paul C.; Ochs; Thomas L.

    1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A method making a titanium ceramic composite involves forming a hot pressed powder body having a microstructure comprising at least one titanium metal or alloy layer and at least one ceramic particulate reinforced titanium metal or alloy layer and hot forging the hot pressed body follwed by hot rolling to substantially reduce a thickness dimension and substantially increase a lateral dimension thereof to form a composite plate or sheet that retains in the microstructure at least one titanium based layer and at least one ceramic reinforced titanium based layer in the thickness direction of the composite plate or sheet.

  15. Making Argumentation Serve Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gerhard

    9 Making Argumentation Serve Design Gerhard Fischer University ofColorado Andreas C. Lemke ALCATEL scientist interesled in design and design suppon S\\"Stems, particularly in domain-oriented design environmenlS and how they make :irgumemation serve design by supporting reflection-in-action; he

  16. Empowering Users To Become Designers: Using Meta-Design Environments to Enable and Motivate Sustainable Energy Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gerhard

    Sustainable Energy Decisions Holger Dick, Hal Eden, Gerhard Fischer, and Jason Zietz 1 University of Colorado individuals and communities more broadly in understanding and making more sustainable choices regarding energy-in-use, decision-making, energy sustainability ACM Classification Keywords INTRODUCTION There is overwhelming

  17. Building Stakeholder Trust: Defensible Government Decisions - 13110

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franklin, Victor A. [Savannah River Remediation LLC, Bldg. 705-1C, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River Remediation LLC, Bldg. 705-1C, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Administrative decisions must be grounded in reasonable expectations, founded on sound principles, and bounded by societal norms. Without these first principles, attaining and retaining public trust is a Herculean task. Decisions made by governmental administrators must be both transparent and defensible: without the former the agency will lose the public's trust and support (possibly prompting a legal challenge to the decision) and without the latter the decision may fail to withstand judicial scrutiny. This presentation and accompanying paper delves into the process by which governmental decisions can achieve both defensibility and openness through building stakeholder trust with transparency. Achieving and maintaining stakeholder trust is crucial, especially in the environs of nuclear waste management. Proving confidence, stability, and security to the surrounding citizenry as well as those throughout the country is the goal of governmental nuclear waste remediation. Guiding administrative decision-making processes and maintaining a broad bandwidth of communication are of incalculable importance to all those charged with serving the public, but are especially essential to those whose decisional impacts will be felt for millennia. A strong, clear, and concise administrative record documenting discrete decisions and overarching policy choices is the strongest defense to a decisional challenge. However, this can be accomplished using transparency as the fundamental building block. This documentation allows the decision-makers to demonstrate the synthesis of legal and technical challenges and fortifies the ground from which challenges will be defended when necessary. Further, administrative actions which capture the public's interest and captivate that interest throughout the process will result in a better-informed, more deeply-involved, and more heavily-invested group of interested parties. Management of information, involvement, and investment on the front-end of the process reaps rewards far more efficiently than attempts to assuage and mitigate the concerns of those parties after the fact and there are a number of tools Savannah River Remediation (SRR) has deployed that render transparency an ally in this context. The makers, applicators, and beneficiaries of policies and decisions will all benefit from strong administrative records which document decisional choices in an open and transparent manner and from timely, up-front management of concerns of interested parties. The strongest defense to decisional challenges is an ability to demonstrate the basis of the decision and the reason(s) that the decision was chosen over other alternatives. Providing a sound basis for defending challenges rather than avoiding or fighting over them allows the deciding entity the greatest opportunity to produce value for its customer. Often, a transparent process that invites public participation and is open for public review and comment will thwart challenge genesis. An entity that has to devote resources to defending its choices obviously cannot utilize those resources to further its mission. (authors)

  18. Better Buildings Alliance Solar Decision Guide

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Businesses considering implementing solar PV may encounter widespread geographic differences regarding utility incentive structures (buy-down incentives, performance based incentives, feed-in tariffs, etc.), utility policies (net metering, interconnection requirements), regulatory structures, and permitting requirements. They might also have uncertainty about how to assess the different ownership structures (PPA, lease, own, etc.). The Solar Decision Guide can help companies navigate this complex environment to determine if investing in solar makes financial sense and to identify the regions that offer the most promising returns on solar investment.

  19. A Decision Support System for Optimum Use of Fertilizers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoskinson, Reed Louis; Hess, John Richard; Fink, Raymond Keith

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Decision Support System for Agriculture (DSS4Ag) is an expert system being developed by the Site-Specific Technologies for Agriculture (SST4Ag) precision farming research project at the INEEL. DSS4Ag uses state-of-the-art artificial intelligence and computer science technologies to make spatially variable, site-specific, economically optimum decisions on fertilizer use. The DSS4Ag has an open architecture that allows for external input and addition of new requirements and integrates its results with existing agricultural systems infrastructures. The DSS4Ag reflects a paradigm shift in the information revolution in agriculture that is precision farming. We depict this information revolution in agriculture as an historic trend in the agricultural decision-making process.

  20. A Decision Support System for Optimum Use of Fertilizers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. L. Hoskinson; J. R. Hess; R. K. Fink

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Decision Support System for Agriculture (DSS4Ag) is an expert system being developed by the Site-Specific Technologies for Agriculture (SST4Ag) precision farming research project at the INEEL. DSS4Ag uses state-of-the-art artificial intelligence and computer science technologies to make spatially variable, site-specific, economically optimum decisions on fertilizer use. The DSS4Ag has an open architecture that allows for external input and addition of new requirements and integrates its results with existing agricultural systems' infrastructures. The DSS4Ag reflects a paradigm shift in the information revolution in agriculture that is precision farming. We depict this information revolution in agriculture as an historic trend in the agricultural decision-making process.

  1. Perceptual decision processes flexibly adapt to avoid change-of-mind motor costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Joo-Hyun

    Perceptual decision processes flexibly adapt to avoid change- of-mind motor costs Jeff Moher dynamically adjust perceptual decision-making processes to avoid high motor costs incurred by a change of mind flexibly adapt to avoid change-of-mind motor costs. Journal of Vision, 14(8):1, 1­13, http

  2. Transportation in Shanghai: A Decision Support System to Move towards Sustainability.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quchen, Xu; Yanping, Zhuang

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??An excellent transportation system is integral for Shanghai as it aims for sustainable development. Decision-making has a far-reaching impact on transportation, which should be improved (more)

  3. The Effects of a Standards-Based Curriculum on Science Teachers' Instructional Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metty, Jane Maureen

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Teachers are an essential link between the curriculum and student achievement. Teachers make instructional decisions that (1) determine the success or failure of a curricular intervention and (2) can result in either alignment or disconnect between...

  4. Role of intuition in the decision process of expert ski guides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart-Patterson, Iain; Patterson, Iain Stewart

    2014-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    High quality decision-making can be produced through a sophisticated analytical process in addition to an intuitive process. A high quality intuitive process is dependent on an extensive repertoire of previous patterns ...

  5. Children's School Help with Making School Choices October 18, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Children's School Help with Making School Choices October 18, 2013 School choice decisions about schools, and Stop at the office to request information from the schools you are considering to discuss their views of the child, which will help parents choose a school whose program will best meet

  6. Children's School Help with Making School Choices November, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Children's School Help with Making School Choices November, 2014 School choice decisions are really to customize the attached issues document for your family's priorities. · providing information about schools, and Stop at the office to request information from the schools you are considering. · discussing your child

  7. Decision Summaries | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Appliances & Electronics Search link to facebook link to twitter Email Signup Sign up for updates Go Search form Search Appliances & Electronics You are here Home Decision...

  8. Latent effects decision analysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cooper, J. Arlin (Albuquerque, NM); Werner, Paul W. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2004-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Latent effects on a system are broken down into components ranging from those far removed in time from the system under study (latent) to those which closely effect changes in the system. Each component is provided with weighted inputs either by a user or from outputs of other components. A non-linear mathematical process known as `soft aggregation` is performed on the inputs to each component to provide information relating to the component. This information is combined in decreasing order of latency to the system to provide a quantifiable measure of an attribute of a system (e.g., safety) or to test hypotheses (e.g., for forensic deduction or decisions about various system design options).

  9. analytic-deliberative policy making: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Handy, Susan L. 49 Web tool for energy policy decision-making through geo-localized LCA models: A focus on offshore wind farms in Northern Europe Physics Websites Summary: 1...

  10. Stochastic Dynamic Demand Inventory Models with Explicit Transportation Costs and Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Liqing

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is the policy where several small loads will be dispatched as a single, combined load. From an inventory-modeling perspec- tive, the integrated inventory-transportation problems add dispatch quantities as decision variables to the stochastic dynamic inventory...): The vendor makes the inventory replen- ishment decisions on how much to order from the outside supplier. 2. Pure Outbound Transportation Models (PO): The collection depot makes the delivery schedules of order dispatches to the buyer(s). 3. Integrated...

  11. Porous body infiltrating method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Corman, Gregory Scot (Ballston Lake, NY)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A mixture is formed that comprises at least some to about 10 wt % boron nitride and silicon. A body comprising a component that is wetted by or reacts with silicon is contacted with the mixture and the contacted body is infiltrated with silicon from the mixture.

  12. BODY COMPOSITION -ENERGY EXPENDITURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    BODY COMPOSITION - ENERGY EXPENDITURE Validation of dual, X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for body for BW, BMC and FC were significantly correlated with scale BW (r== 0.999), chemical calcium (r=0.992) and chemical fat (r= 0.971).Regression analy- sis showed that BW was accurately mea- sured, but FC

  13. Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson, D.A.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The mean'' value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility's net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

  14. Incorporating uncertainty into electric utility projections and decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanson, D.A.

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper focuses on how electric utility companies can respond in their decision making to uncertain variables. Here we take a mean- variance type of approach. The ``mean`` value is an expected cost, on a discounted value basis. We assume that management has risk preferences incorporating a tradeoff between the mean and variance in the utility`s net income. Decisions that utilities are faced with can be classified into two types: ex ante and ex post. The ex ante decisions need to be made prior to the uncertainty being revealed and the ex post decision can be postponed until after the uncertainty is revealed. Intuitively, we can say that the ex ante decisions provide a hedge against the uncertainties and the ex post decisions allow the negative outcomes of uncertain variables to be partially mitigated, dampening the losses. An example of an ex post decision is how the system is operated i.e., unit dispatch, and in some cases switching among types of fuels, say with different sulfur contents. For example, if gas prices go up, natural gas combined cycle units are likely to be dispatched at lower capacity factors. If SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices go up, a utility may seek to switch into a lower sulfur coal. Here we assume that regulated electric utilities do have some incentive to lower revenue requirements and hence an incentive to lower the electric rates needed for the utility to break even, thereby earning a fair return on invested capital. This paper presents the general approach first, including applications to capacity expansion and system dispatch. Then a case study is presented focusing on the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments including SO{sub 2} emissions abatement and banking of allowances under uncertainty. It is concluded that the emission banking decisions should not be made in isolation but rather all the uncertainties in demand, fuel prices, technology performance etc., should be included in the uncertainty analysis affecting emission banking.

  15. MIDAS : minor incident decision analysis software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horng, Tze-Chieh, 1964-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MIDAS is the minor incident decision analysis software that acts as an advisory tool for plant decision makers and operators to analyze the available decision alternatives for resolving minor incidents. The minor incidents ...

  16. A case study of optimization in the decision process: Siting groundwater monitoring wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cardwell, H.; Huff, D.; Douthitt, J.; Sale, M.

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optimization is one of the tools available to assist decision makers in balancing multiple objectives and concerns. In a case study of the siting decision for groundwater monitoring wells, we look at the influence of the optimization models on the decisions made by the responsible groundwater specialist. This paper presents a multi-objective integer programming model for determining the location of monitoring wells associated with a groundwater pump-and-treat remediation. After presenting the initial optimization results, we analyze the actual decision and revise the model to incorporate elements of the problem that were later identified as important in the decision-making process. The results of a revised model are compared to the actual siting plans, the recommendations from the initial optimization runs, and the initial monitoring network proposed by the decision maker.

  17. Method of making a functionally graded material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Menchhofer, Paul A. (Clinton, TN); Walls, Claudia A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Moorhead, Arthur J. (Knoxville, TN)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gelcasting method of making an internally graded article alternatively includes the steps of: preparing a slurry including a least two different phases suspended in a gelcasting solution, the phases characterized by having different settling characteristics; casting the slurry into a mold having a selected shape; allowing the slurry to stand for a sufficient period of time to permit desired gravitational fractionation in order to achieve a vertical compositional gradient in the molded slurry; gelling the slurry to form a solid gel while preserving the vertical compositional gradient in the molded slurry; drying the gel to form a dried green body; and sintering the dry green body to form a solid object, at least one property thereof varying along the vertical direction because of the compositional gradient in the molded slurry.

  18. Decision Analysis for EGS | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Decision Analysis for EGS Decision Analysis for EGS Project objectives: DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYSIS TOOLS TO ASSESS: Uncertainties associated with exploration for EGS; Uncertainties...

  19. Method of making a functionally graded material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Menchhofer, Paul A. (Clinton, TN); Walls, Claudia A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gelcasting method of making an internally graded article includes the steps of: preparing at least two slurries, each of the slurries including a different gelcastable powder suspended in a gelcasting solution, the slurries characterized by having comparable shrinkage upon drying and sintering thereof; casting the slurries into a mold having a selected shape, wherein relative proportions of the slurries is varied in at least one direction within the selected shape; gelling the slurries to form a solid gel while preserving the variation in relative proportions of the slurries; drying the gel to form a dried green body; and sintering the dry green body to form a solid object, at least one property thereof varying because of the variation in relative proportions of the starting slurries. A gelcasting method of making an internally graded article alternatively includes the steps of: preparing a slurry including a least two different phases suspended in a gelcasting solution, the phases characterized by having different settling characteristics; casting the slurry into a mold having a selected shape; allowing the slurry to stand for a sufficient period of time to permit desired gravitational fractionation in order to achieve a vertical compositional gradient in the molded slurry; gelling the slurry to form a solid gel while preserving the vertical compositional gradient in the molded slurry; drying the gel to form a dried green body; and sintering the dry green body to form a solid object, at least one property thereof varying along the vertical direction because of the compositional gradient in the molded slurry.

  20. Part I: Allows you to name another person to make health care decisions for you when you cannot make decisions or speak for yourself.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    : (_______) _____________________ Cell Phone: (_______) _____________________ Work Phone: (_______) _____________________ Part I: My: (_______) _____________________ Cell Phone: (_______) _____________________ Birth Date: ____________________________ B. My Agent Agent: (_______) _____________________ Cell Phone: (_______) _____________________ Work Phone: (_______) _____________________ A. No Agent

  1. Artificial Intelligence Decision and Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polani, Daniel

    (Sk+3000,000) EU(decline bet) = U(S k+1000,000) not that different Bottom Line: the utility U of money Intellige Decision: What Door to Open? Artificial Intelligence ­ p.3/26 Bottom Line Clear: decision about preference by a numerical utility function U. For outcomes A, B U(A) > U(B) A B U(A) = U(B) A B Artificial

  2. Body powered thermoelectric systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Settaluri, Krishna Tej

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Great interest exists for and progress has be made in the effective utilization of the human body as a possible power supply in hopes of powering such applications as sensors and continuously monitoring medical devices ...

  3. Making silicon stronger.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyce, Brad Lee

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Silicon microfabrication has seen many decades of development, yet the structural reliability of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) is far from optimized. The fracture strength of Si MEMS is limited by a combination of poor toughness and nanoscale etch-induced defects. A MEMS-based microtensile technique has been used to characterize the fracture strength distributions of both standard and custom microfabrication processes. Recent improvements permit 1000's of test replicates, revealing subtle but important deviations from the commonly assumed 2-parameter Weibull statistical model. Subsequent failure analysis through a combination of microscopy and numerical simulation reveals salient aspects of nanoscale flaw control. Grain boundaries, for example, suffer from preferential attack during etch-release thereby forming failure-critical grain-boundary grooves. We will discuss ongoing efforts to quantify the various factors that affect the strength of polycrystalline silicon, and how weakest-link theory can be used to make worst-case estimates for design.

  4. Deformable human body model development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wray, W.O.; Aida, T.

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). A Deformable Human Body Model (DHBM) capable of simulating a wide variety of deformation interactions between man and his environment has been developed. The model was intended to have applications in automobile safety analysis, soldier survivability studies and assistive technology development for the disabled. To date, we have demonstrated the utility of the DHBM in automobile safety analysis and are currently engaged in discussions with the U.S. military involving two additional applications. More specifically, the DHBM has been incorporated into a Virtual Safety Lab (VSL) for automobile design under contract to General Motors Corporation. Furthermore, we have won $1.8M in funding from the U.S. Army Medical Research and Material Command for development of a noninvasive intracranial pressure measurement system. The proposed research makes use of the detailed head model that is a component of the DHBM; the project duration is three years. In addition, we have been contacted by the Air Force Armstrong Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory concerning possible use of the DHBM in analyzing the loads and injury potential to pilots upon ejection from military aircraft. Current discussions with Armstrong involve possible LANL participation in a comparison between DHBM and the Air Force Articulated Total Body (ATB) model that is the current military standard.

  5. The Development of Career Maturity and Career Decision Self-Efficacy Among High-School Aged Youth Enrolled in the Texas 4-H Healthy Lifestyles Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodd, Courtney Felder

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    predictor of career immaturity. Similarly, numerous research studies have discovered a relationship between career decision-making self-efficacy and career indecision (Betz, Klein & Taylor, 1996; Choi et al., 2011; Taylor & Popma, 1990). Career maturity... suggest a career choice should be made by the end of the eighth grade (Hirschi, 2011), the expectation is typically that a career decision is made by the end of high school (Super, Savickas, & Super, 1996). This career decision making is often viewed...

  6. Decision support models for solid waste management: Review and game-theoretic approaches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karmperis, Athanasios C., E-mail: athkarmp@mail.ntua.gr [Sector of Industrial Management and Operational Research, School of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Polytechniou 9, 15780 Athens (Greece); Army Corps of Engineers, Hellenic Army General Staff, Ministry of Defence (Greece); Aravossis, Konstantinos; Tatsiopoulos, Ilias P.; Sotirchos, Anastasios [Sector of Industrial Management and Operational Research, School of Mechanical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Polytechniou 9, 15780 Athens (Greece)

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: ? The mainly used decision support frameworks for solid waste management are reviewed. ? The LCA, CBA and MCDM models are presented and their strengths, weaknesses, similarities and possible combinations are analyzed. ? The game-theoretic approach in a solid waste management context is presented. ? The waste management bargaining game is introduced as a specific decision support framework. ? Cooperative and non-cooperative game-theoretic approaches to decision support for solid waste management are discussed. - Abstract: This paper surveys decision support models that are commonly used in the solid waste management area. Most models are mainly developed within three decision support frameworks, which are the life-cycle assessment, the costbenefit analysis and the multi-criteria decision-making. These frameworks are reviewed and their strengths and weaknesses as well as their critical issues are analyzed, while their possible combinations and extensions are also discussed. Furthermore, the paper presents how cooperative and non-cooperative game-theoretic approaches can be used for the purpose of modeling and analyzing decision-making in situations with multiple stakeholders. Specifically, since a waste management model is sustainable when considering not only environmental and economic but also social aspects, the waste management bargaining game is introduced as a specific decision support framework in which future models can be developed.

  7. Students' Perceptions of Food and Factors That Influence Purchasing Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Lindsay Marie

    2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    be accessed from your bed via smart phones, tablets, or computers while watching television, people are connected to media. Before the Internet boom, current news and information was found via newspapers and on television. Now, news is accessible twenty..., & Gardner, 2009). They make decisions based on personal experiences, what they learned in college, and information presented to them by the media. Since the majority of college students become independent after graduation and inherit students loans...

  8. Domestic Audiences, Policy Feedback, and Sequential Decisions During Military Interventions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuberski, Douglas Walter

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Interventions. (December 2009) Douglas Walter Kuberski, B.A., University of Nebraska, M.A., University of Akron Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Nehemia Geva The literature on escalation situations and audience costs suggests that democratic executives... approach and present a model of sequential decision-making that explains the conditions under which leaders escalate and de-escalate commitment in response to feedback. I attempt to break down the audience cost mechanism to explain why democratic...

  9. Introducing new uncertainty theories into decision-aid methods: application to expert assessment of natural risks in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    dam, information imperfection, reliability, expert assessment, multicriteria decision analysis, fuzzy two contexts, it is essential to provide methods and tools to make risk management the most safe and efficient as possible. These tools are used either by stakeholders or infrastructures managers. Decision

  10. In: 8TH IMACS Congress MODSIM 09, Cairns, Australia, 2009 Towards model integration and model-based decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cengarle, Mara Victoria

    in order to achieve certain goals avoidance of environmental damage, sustainabl-based decision support for environmental applications Struss, P. 1 1 Tech. Univ. Munich, Comp. Sci. Dept that can help decision making about environmental problems should be delivered in the form of executable

  11. Evaluating the impact of government energy R&D investments through a multi-attribute utility-based decision tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerst, Kacy J. (Kacy Jean)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Government agencies characteristically face dynamic policy and investment environments yet frequently rely on ad-hoc decision-making methods in response to complexities inherent in their operating landscape. Additionally, ...

  12. Examining the role of political entrepreneurship in the decision to change Mexico's foreign policy on human rights/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verdini Trejo, Bruno

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under what circumstances can political entrepreneurs shape policy change? By relying upon the multiple streams framework, this research studies some of the factors that underpin decision-making in the public sector. Through ...

  13. Initial Decision and Risk Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.

    2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Decision and Risk Analysis capabilities will be developed for industry consideration and possible adoption within Year 1. These tools will provide a methodology for merging qualitative ranking of technology maturity and acknowledged risk contributors with quantitative metrics that drive investment decision processes. Methods and tools will be initially introduced as applications to the A650.1 case study, but modular spreadsheets and analysis routines will be offered to industry collaborators as soon as possible to stimulate user feedback and co-development opportunities.

  14. Making Sense of Judicial Sensemaking: A Study of Rhetorical Discursive Interaction at the Supreme Court of the United States.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malphurs, Ryan Allen

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Sensemaking as a new model of judicial decision making, and discussing the legal and cultural impact of justices' rhetorical discursive interaction in Morse v. Frederick, Kennedy v. Louisiana, and District of Columbia v. Heller. In contrast to the aggregate...

  15. Art in Perception: Making Perception Aesthetic Again

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matherne, Samantha Marie

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ones Own Body and Motricity, The Body as a Sexed Bein,Ones Own Body and Motricity, The Body as a Sexed Being,unity of sensitivity and motricity. 368 Like Kant before

  16. Decision Support and Risk Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Information Sciences Division Decision Support and Risk Management Group #12;A U.S. Department of Energy to analyze many failure scenarios over the past 5 years. Restore's data library of applications was developed infrastructures. A new user with as little as 4­6 hours of training can use the tool to modify an existing data

  17. ADVANCED DECISION ANALYSIS Winter 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    ADVANCED DECISION ANALYSIS PH 444 Winter 2011 Course Instructor: Gordon Hazen, Ph.D. Professor a factored cost-effectiveness model · Construct a stochastic tree transition diagram for a medical treatment problem. · Convert a stochastic tree diagram to a discrete-time Markov chain transition diagram

  18. A successful effort to involve stakeholders in a facility siting decision using LIPS with stakeholder involvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merkhofer, L. [Applied Decision Analysis, Inc., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Conway, R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Anderson, B. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Local public opposition to federal bureaucratic decisions has resulted in public agencies rethinking the role of stakeholders in decision making. Efforts to include stakeholders directly in the decision-making process are on the increase. Unfortunately, many attempts to involve members of the public in decisions involving complex technical issues have failed. A key problem has been defining a meaningful role for the public in the process of arriving at a technical decision. This paper describes a successful effort by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) in New Mexico to involve stakeholders in an important technical decision associated with its Environmental Restoration (ER) Project. The decision was where to locate a Corrective Action Management Unit (CAMU), a facility intended to consolidate and store wastes generated from the cleanup of hazardous waste sites. A formal priority setting process known as the Laboratory Integration Prioritization System (LIPS) was adapted to provide an approach for involving the public. Although rarely applied to stakeholder participation, the LIPS process proved surprisingly effective. It produced a consensus over a selected site and enhanced public trust and understanding of Project activities.

  19. Public involvement in radioactive waste management decisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current repository siting efforts focus on Yucca Mountain, Nevada, where DOE`s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is conducting exploratory studies to determine if the site is suitable. The state of Nevada has resisted these efforts: it has denied permits, brought suit against DOE, and publicly denounced the federal government`s decision to study Yucca Mountain. The state`s opposition reflects public opinion in Nevada, and has considerably slowed DOE`s progress in studying the site. The Yucca Mountain controversy demonstrates the importance of understanding public attitudes and their potential influence as DOE develops a program to manage radioactive waste. The strength and nature of Nevada`s opposition -- its ability to thwart if not outright derail DOE`s activities -- indicate a need to develop alternative methods for making decisions that affect the public. This report analyzes public participation as a key component of this openness, one that provides a means of garnering acceptance of, or reducing public opposition to, DOE`s radioactive waste management activities, including facility siting and transportation. The first section, Public Perceptions: Attitudes, Trust, and Theory, reviews the risk-perception literature to identify how the public perceives the risks associated with radioactivity. DOE and the Public discusses DOE`s low level of credibility among the general public as the product, in part, of the department`s past actions. This section looks at the three components of the radioactive waste management program -- disposal, storage, and transportation -- and the different ways DOE has approached the problem of public confidence in each case. Midwestern Radioactive Waste Management Histories focuses on selected Midwestern facility-siting and transportation activities involving radioactive materials.

  20. On making sense : some recent investigations in time, metaphor, and ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badger, Gina Elizabeth Eleanor

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A two-part text in which the author ultimately proposes the metaphorical artistic methodology of making sense, and articulates its role in radical ecological projects. The author discusses the body of work produced for her ...

  1. Decision-directed materials-accounting procedures: an overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shipley, J.P.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With materials balances taken at intervals, methods for treating materials balance data and their use by safeguards decision-making are relatively straightforward. The emphasis on accounting in which balances may be drawn on a daily or weekly basis, raises anew questions in these two areas: (1) what is the most effective means of extracting the maximum amount of information; and (2) how should safeguards decision-makers use the results, and what impact does the decision process have on the analysis techniques. These questions lead to considering combinations of materials balances, which exposes a whole new set of concerns. For example, we must select the most appropriate combinations, which implies some consideration of possible diversion scenarios, such as abrupt or protracted. Control of the overall false-alarm rate is an important requisite of the composite procedure. Significant work has been done on loss estimators, but their role in the materials accounting decision process has only begun to be examined. Current criteria may require periodic statements with respect to materials loss; the analysis procedures must be structured to provide such information. This paper presents an overview of the current technology. Questions still to be answered are pointed out.

  2. P:\\DECISION\\0088.tba.wpd

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of a cited decision may be accessed by entering the case number of the decision in the search engine located at http:www.oha.doe.govsearch.htm. 2 A SWPF processes nuclear...

  3. Optimal Decision Trees Kristin P. Bennett \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela, Carlos

    of all the decisions in the tree concurrently. Using Global Tree Optimization (GTO), we can optimize. Decisions are constructed recursively for each of the regions. This process is repeated until the points

  4. Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General analysis, and public education in global environmental change. It seeks to provide leadership;1 Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General Equilibrium

  5. |Research Focus Statistical decision theory and evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maloney, Laurence T.

    |Research Focus Statistical decision theory and evolution Laurence T. Maloney Department recent articles by Geisler and Diehl use Bayesian statistical decision theory to model the co, an advantage that ultimately translates into `reproductive success'. The balance between predator and prey

  6. Corporate decision analysis : an engineering approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Victor, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore corporate decisions and their solutions under uncertainty using engineering methods. Corporate decisions tend to be complex; they are interdisciplinary and defy programmable solutions. To address these challenges, ...

  7. Decision-maker's guide to wood fuel for small industrial energy users. Final report. [Includes glossary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levi, M. P.; O'Grady, M. J.

    1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technology and economics of various wood energy systems available to the small industrial and commercial energy user are considered. This book is designed to help a plant manager, engineer, or others in a decision-making role to become more familiar with wood fuel systems and make informed decisions about switching to wood as a fuel. The following subjects are discussed: wood combustion, pelletized wood, fuel storage, fuel handling and preparation, combustion equipment, retrofitting fossil-fueled boilers, cogeneration, pollution abatement, and economic considerations of wood fuel use. (MHR)

  8. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Decision Tool

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides an overview of the development of the Better Buildings Neighborhood Program decision tool, purpose, and scope.

  9. Male body image: testosterone's response to body comparisons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Joshua D.

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Although there have been only a few etiological studies that have examined the development and maintenance of body image in males, research fairly consistently reports that exposure and presumed comparison to images of ideal male bodies increases...

  10. 4, 20352071, 2007 Open-GIS decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HESSD 4, 2035­2071, 2007 Open-GIS decision aid system for the Bistrita River Basin M. C. Trifu et System Sciences Development of an Open-GIS decision aid system for ecological and economical management, France 2035 #12;HESSD 4, 2035­2071, 2007 Open-GIS decision aid system for the Bistrita River Basin M. C

  11. Retrospection of Chernobyl nuclear accident for decision analysis concerning remedial actions in Ukraine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Georgievskiy, Vladimir [Russian Research Center 'Kurchatov Insitute', Kurchatov Sq., 1, 123182 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is considered the efficacy of decisions concerning remedial actions when of-site radiological monitoring in the early and (or) in the intermediate phases was absent or was not informative. There are examples of such situations in the former Soviet Union where many people have been exposed: releases of radioactive materials from 'Krasnoyarsk-26' into Enisey River, releases of radioactive materials from 'Chelabinsk-65' (the Kishtim accident), nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk Test Site, the Chernobyl nuclear accident etc. If monitoring in the early and (or) in the intermediate phases is absent the decisions concerning remedial actions are usually developed on the base of permanent monitoring. However decisions of this kind may be essentially erroneous. For these cases it is proposed to make retrospection of radiological data of the early and intermediate phases of nuclear accident and to project decisions concerning remedial actions on the base of both retrospective data and permanent monitoring data. In this Report the indicated problem is considered by the example of the Chernobyl accident for Ukraine. Their of-site radiological monitoring in the early and intermediate phases was unsatisfactory. In particular, the pasture-cow-milk monitoring had not been made. All official decisions concerning dose estimations had been made on the base of measurements of {sup 137}Cs in body (40 measurements in 135 days and 55 measurements in 229 days after the Chernobyl accident). For the retrospection of radiological data of the Chernobyl accident dynamic model has been developed. This model has structure similar to the structure of Pathway model and Farmland model. Parameters of the developed model have been identified for agricultural conditions of Russia and Ukraine. By means of this model dynamics of 20 radionuclides in pathways and dynamics of doses have been estimated for the early, intermediate and late phases of the Chernobyl accident. The main results are following: - During the first year after the Chernobyl accident 75-93% of Commitment Effective Dose had been formed; - During the first year after the Chernobyl accident 85-90% of damage from radiation exposure had been formed. During the next 50 years (the late phase of accident) only 10-15% of damage from radiation exposure will have been formed; - Remedial actions (agricultural remedial actions as most effective) in Ukraine are intended for reduction of the damage from consumption of production which is contaminated in the late phase of accident. I.e. agricultural remedial actions have been intended for minimization only 10 % of the total damage from radiation exposure; - Medical countermeasures can minimize radiation exposure damage by an order of magnitude greater than agricultural countermeasures. - Thus, retrospection of nuclear accident has essentially changed type of remedial actions and has given a chance to increase effectiveness of spending by an order of magnitude. This example illustrates that in order to optimize remedial actions it is required to use data of retrospection of nuclear accidents in all cases when monitoring in the early and (or) intermediate phases is unsatisfactory. (author)

  12. Method of making monodisperse nanoparticles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fan, Hongyon; Sun, Zaicheng

    2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of making particles of either spherical or cylindrical geometry with a characteristic diameter less than 50 nanometers by mixing at least one structure directing agent dissolved in a solvent with at least one amphiphilic block copolymer dissolved in a solvent to make a solution containing particles, where the particles can be subsequently separated and dispersed in a solvent of choice.

  13. Design Decision Making for Market Systems and Environmental Policy with Vehicle Design Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalek, Jeremy J.

    it was short because the first day I arrived in Pittsburgh and got lost was just like yesterday never come to the U.S. to pursue my degree. Finally, I want to gratefully thank my family ­ my parents, my parents-in-law, my brother-in-law Hsiao-Tang (Stephen), my sister I-Ling and my brother Nai

  14. A role for Dopamine neuron NMDA receptors in learning and decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hueske, Emily (Emily Anna-Virginia)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Midbrain dopamine has demonstrated roles in locomotion, motivation, associative learning, habit formation, action selection and cognition. The many functions of dopamine can be attributed to the multiple projection targets ...

  15. Use of Science in Gulf of Mexico Decision Making Involving Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vedlitz, Arnold; Alston, Letitia T.; Laska, Shirley B.; Gramling, Robert B.; Harwell, Mark A.; Worthen, Helen D.

    2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    .............................................................................................................................. 73 table of contents Institute for Science, Technology and Public Policy ? The Bush School ? Texas A&M University x INCREASING THE SALIENCE OF CLIMATE CHANGE FOR GULF OF MEXICO STAKEHOLDERS: EVIDENCE FROM INTERVIEWS, FOCUS GROUPS, NEWSPAPERS...Institute for Science, Technology and Public Policy ? The Bush School ? Texas A&M University Center for Hazards Assessment Response and Technology ? University of New Orleans University of Louisiana-Lafayette Florida A&M University Use...

  16. The Regional Impact of Climate Change on Public Infrastructure and Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bjune, Stephen; Briscoe, H. Dorrell; Cruickshanks, Brian; McElroy, Amy; Nickeson, Daniel; Richardson, Adam; Schmid, Matt; Wang, Fangfang "Jessie"

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Adaptation to Climate Change in the Houston-Galveston Area: Perceptions and Prospects A Report to the Houston-Galveston Area Council The Bush School of Government and Public Service Master of Public Service... and Administration CAPSTONE Project 675-605 May 2009 The Bush School of Government and Public Service Master of Public Service and Administration CAPSTONE Project 675-605 Adaptation to Climate Change in the Houston-Galveston Area...

  17. Entrepreneurs and Newsvendors: Do Small Businesses Follow the Newsvendor Logic When Making Inventory Decisions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corbett, C.J.; Fransoo, J.C.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and M.J. Sobel. 1992. Inventory Control with an Exponential2006. Risk Aversion in Inventory Management. Working paper.Measures On Single- Period Inventory Policy. J. Industrial

  18. Legacy Systems Assessment to Support Decision Making Aniello Cimitile*, Anna Rita Fasolino**, Filippo Lanubile***

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanubile, Filippo

    of the system (reduction of size and complexity) to ordinary preventive maintenance (re- documentation of the maintenance productivity could be achieved by promoting preventive maintenance. It also stressed the need, restructuring and reengineering) or even to an extraordinary process of adaptive maintenance (interface

  19. MAKING THE DECISION TO APPLY Professional programs place the highest importance on an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    - grams and other research intensive career fields should com- plete a science major with research. GPA & ENTRANCE EXAMS Given the competitive nature of admission to medical school, a strong cumulative, Washington University offers an MCAT review course every spring. For specific MCAT scores required by particu

  20. Commissioning Aid and Decision Making Assistance Tool 'Implementation & Assessment' - Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belkadi-Hannachi, N.; Jandon, M.; Nejad, H. V.; Guena, F.; Diab, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the renovation and the modernization of social dwelling. It is classified as a project of low energy buildings. The partners whose are doing this project are pioneers in term of social dwelling renovation: Logirep, BASF, and CSTB. The objective... Environment?2 certification delivered by Cerqual3. BASF, number one of the chemical industry in the world has participated in collaboration with Buildings Company in the realization of low energy buildings called ?3L Housing?. Those building?s consumption...

  1. RIS-M-2349 A MODEL OF HUMAN DECISION MAKING IN COMPLEX SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the operator is to design a INIS Descriptors BEHAVIOR; CONTROL ROOMS; CONTROL SYSTEMS; FLOW MODELS; HUMAN

  2. COMMUNICATION ABOUT SEXUAL HEALTH AND DECISION MAKING WITH ADOLESCENTS IN FOSTER CARE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilgrim, Sarah Irene

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , & Steiner, 2001). Legislation for the Health and Well-Being of Foster Youth Extensive research surrounding the health and wellbeing of adolescents in foster care can be found across disciplines. Simms, Dubowitz, and Szilagyi (2000) classify the unique... Accounting Office (USGAO) reports findings which compound the issues reported by Simms, Dubowitz, and Szilagyi (2000) regarding the condition of youth entering foster care. The USGAO found that despite the youths condition the majority of children who...

  3. Where are all the white kids?: the effects of race in juvenile court decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ketchum, Paul Robert

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    -based discrimination, d) the result of differing cultural values (eg: culture of violence or culture of poverty) or even e) attributable to lower levels of intelligence of minorities as some have suggested (Herrnstein and Murray 1994). Rather, I will suggest...Sousa (1995) aligns himself with the first possibility when he states that those who are especially cautious of young black men are simply employing rational discrimination based on prudent statistics which use racial or ethnic identity combined with gender...

  4. EWO Mee'ng September 2012 Petrobras Refining Decision-Making Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    : - Fuel demands - Diesel and gasoline Sulfur content - Gasoline octane Number 15) PDA extracCon factor model (NL) HDT sulfur reducCon (NL) Rigorous Blending Rules (NL) EquaCons: Volume balance Units TransformaCons (NL) Blending Solver

  5. Multiple Criteria Decision Making Methods for Business-to-Business Electronic Commerce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

    invention of innovative methods to conduct business operations and transactions, by the formation of new or

  6. DECISION MAKING AND PROBLEM SOLVING A one-mutation mathematical model can explain the age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of acute myeloid leukemia with mutated nucleophosmin (NPM1) Arcangelo Liso,1 Filippo Castiglione,2 Antonio myeloid leukemia (AML) with mutated NPM1 gene and aberrant cytoplasmic expression of nucleophosmin (NPMc lesion(s), e.g. FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD), cooperate with NPM1 mutations in AML development

  7. Decision Making and Problem Solving haematologica | 2008; 93(8) | 1219 |

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -mutation mathematical model can explain the age incidence of acute myeloid leukemia with mutated nucleophosmin (NPM1 Center, New York, NY, USA ABSTRACT Acute myeloid leukemia with mutated NPM1 gene and aberrant cytoplasmic, and it is unclear whether other genetic lesion(s), e.g. FLT3 internal tandem duplication, cooperate with NPM1

  8. L E T T E R S mental benefit analysis" for making decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA. 2University of Georgia's Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, Aiken, SC 29802, USA. 3Environmental Assessment Division, Argonne National Laboratory,Argonne, IL Mississippi River, to suggest that inputs of phosphorus could control phytoplankton production

  9. Is planning failing? : the impacts of decision making processes on the Green Line Extension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciborowski, Matthew A

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research was conducted on the proposed Green Line Extension, a light rail corridor from Cambridge through Somerville and Medford, Massachusetts. The project is being undertaken by the Massachusetts Executive Office of ...

  10. An Environmental Perspective to Decision-making for the Control of Johne's Disease on Beef Ranches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjamin, Lisa A.

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    siblings and I had the best future possible. vi ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS My determination to succeed is fueled by the motivation of my committee chair, Dr Geoffrey Fosgate, and the members of my committee, Dr. Feagin, Dr. Roussel, and Dr. Ward. I thank... AND CONCLUSIONS .................................................................. 153 7.1 Summary and conclusions .................................................................... 153 7.2 Proposed future study...

  11. Extending the Reach of Augmented Cognition To Real-World Decision Making Tasks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greitzer, Frank L.

    2005-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The focus of this paper is on the critical challenge of bridging the gap between psychophysiological sensor data and the inferred cognitive states of users. It is argued that a more robust behavioral data collection foundation will facilitate accurate inferences about the state of the user so that an appropriate mitigation strategy, if needed, can be applied. The argument for such a foundation is based on two premises: (1) To realize the envisioned impact of augmented cognition systems, the technology should be applied to a broad, and more cognitively complex, range of real-world problems. (2) To support identifying cognitive states for more complex, real-world tasks, more sophisticated instrumentation will be needed for behavioral data collection. It is argued that such instrumentation would enable inferences to be made about higher-level semantic aspects of performance. The paper describes how instrumentation software developed to support information analysis R&D may serve as an integration environment that can provide additional behavioral data, in context, to facilitate inferences of cognitive state that will enable the successful augmenting of cognitive performance.

  12. Cognitive and Representational Cues for Assigning Weight to Numerical Information in Decision-Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rinne, Luke Frederick

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beware of samples! A cognitive-ecological sampling approachexperience. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16(7), 1131-factors method. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 8(1), 47-

  13. Power and negotiation between different cultures presenting a decision-making tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granot, Omer

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first step in negotiation is the information gathering and investigation, very often the investigation stage is not done properly, the negotiator has to decide about the goals, which information he can share, need to ...

  14. Effect Size Matters: Empirical Investigations to Help Researchers Make Informed Decisions on Commonly Used Statistical Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skidmore, Susana Troncoso

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    2) in one-way between subjects univariate ANOVA. There were 360 simulation conditions (5 population Cohen's d values, 4 group proportion ratios, 3 shape conditions, 3 variance conditions, and 2 total sample size conditions) for each of three group...

  15. Review of the data bases for making decisions regarding Trojan steam generator replacement options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, A.B. Jr.; Gilbert, E.R.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The central focus for this assessment has been to compare the corrosion behavior of two steam generator (SG) tube materials: Inconel 600 TT and Inconel 690 TT from (a) SG operating experience, and (b) laboratory data. The scope and results of the comparisons are summarized in this section. They provide the basis for projecting SG longevity.

  16. Risk Measures Constituting Risk Metrics for Decision Making in the Chemical Process Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prem, Katherine

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    $-curve Frequency Dollar Curve FTA Fault Tree Analysis GT Game Theory HAZOP Hazard and Operability Analysis HSE Health and Safety Executive HSEES Hazardous Substance and Emergency Events Surveillance ix LOPA Layers Of Protection Analysis NFPA National... 27 Relationship between exceedance frequencies and fatalities for all covered RMP facilities ........................................................... 99 28 Relationship between exceedance frequencies per year and fatalities for both...

  17. Investigating the Effect of Freeway Congestion Thresholds on Decision-making Inputs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Tongbin

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    . The rankings of congestion measures for freeway segments hold steady across the congestion thresholds ranging from 60 mph to 30 mph and across the congestion measures. From an investment point of view, the congestion threshold speed used is not a concern...

  18. Application Hosting and Management for Effectively Manage Online Content and Make Timely Business Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Albert

    demands · Resolve issues and get faster response by working with a single point of accountability · Ease, 3rd party integrations, and service availability · Proactive response to resolve and triage failure or error alerts · Ongoing data management and retention · Patch management and maintenance of Web

  19. Perception of genetic risk in sexual and reproductive decision-making (PGRID) by college students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honore?, Heather Helaine

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    /exclusion criteria and purling. This systematic review appears to be one of the first conducted using factors influencing genetic risk perceptions and human mate selection; to the best of my knowledge, no reviews have examined the methodological quality... examined, or purled, for additional studies of interest. Purling has been used in numerous systematic literature reviews and allows the reviewer to add studies to his or her sample that might have been missed during electronic database searches...

  20. Computer-Aided Dispatch System as a Decision Making Tool in Public and Private Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, I-Jen

    We describe in detail seven distinct areas in both public and private sectors in which a real-time computer-aided dispatch system is applicable to the allocation of scarce resources. Characteristics of a real-time ...

  1. Agent Decision-Making in Open Mixed Networks Ya'akov Gala,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraus, Sarit

    conditions, such as wind speed and traffic. In turn, computer agents might depend on people to provide up mean that the autonomous agents in the network may be designed by or represent different individuals

  2. An economic exploration of prevention versus response in animal related bioterrorism decision making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elbakidze, Levan

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    activities becomes more advantageous as the probability and severity of an agricultural terrorism event increases, response effectiveness decreases, and costs of surveillance decrease. Also spread rate is found to play a key role in determining optimal...

  3. Risks and decision making in development of new power plant projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kristinsdottir, Asbjorg

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Power plant development projects are typically capital intensive and subject to a complex network of interconnected risks that impact development's performance. Failure to develop a power plant to meet performance constraints ...

  4. RISK ESTIMATION AND DECISION-MAKING: IMPLICATIONS OF THE 1980 BEIR-III REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrikant, J.I.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiology University of California School of Medicine San Francisco Presented as Invited Speaker, IIConference on Radiation Exposure on Pediatric

  5. National Research Needs Conference Draft Proceedings: Risk-Based Decision Making for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gold, Art

    ;EPRI · 3412 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, California 94304 · PO Box 10412, Palo Alto, California 94303 · USA 800.313.3774 · 650.855.2121 · askepri@epri.com · www.epri.com National Research Needs Conference AS AN ACCOUNT OF WORK SPONSORED OR COSPONSORED BY THE ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE, INC. (EPRI). NEITHER

  6. Taking Awareness, Language, and Novelty into Account in Decision Making and Game Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

    Profitably Increasing the Volume of Milk Sales from New York Dairy Farm Businesses Utilizing Business Analysis and Planning Wayne A. Knoblauch, Applied Economics and Management $100,000, New York Farm Institutes of Health Crop Value Enhancement for New York Producers Olga Padilla-Zakour, Food Science

  7. Hazardous Waste Management: The Role of Journalists in Decision Making Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eerskov-Klika, M.; Lokner, V.; Subasiae, D.; Schaller, A.

    2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The journalists are crucial for informing and education of general public about facts related to hazardous and radioactive waste management. Radio programs, TV and newspapers are daily reporting on relevant facts and news. In general, it is true that the majority of journalists are interested more in so called daily politics than in educating general public on certain technical or scientific topics. Therefore, hazardous and radioactive waste management was introduced to Croatian general public in last ten years mainly through various news on site selection of radioactive waste disposal facilities and some problems related to hazardous waste management. This paper presents APO's experience with journalists in last ten years includes program and activities referring informing and educating of journalists from all media.

  8. The Roles of Nicotinic and Muscarinic Cholinergic Receptors in Risky and Impulsive Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendez, Ian Alfredo

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Effects of Donepezil Treatment on Responding in the Probability Discounting Task ...................................................................................... 17 Figure 2 Effects of Nicotine Treatment on Responding in the Probabilistic... with systemic administration of one of four doses of a cholinergic drug no more than 30 minutes prior to testing, with treatments administered in a counterbalanced order. On the days between treatment days animals were run in the task with no pharmacological...

  9. Factored Models for Multiscale Decision-Making in Smart Grid Customers Prashant P. Reddy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veloso, Manuela M.

    of customers in the management of demand, and renewable energy supply, is a critical goal of the Smart Grid on offering customers financial incentives through variable-price tariffs; we also contribute an ef- fective the past decade (Str- bac 2008). Smart Grid customers are steadily acquiring dis- tributed renewable

  10. Traffic Network Equilibrium and the Environment: A Multicriteria Decision-Making Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    motor vehicles are responsible for at least 50% of the air pollution in urban areas (see The Economist emissions, and, consequently, the levels of air pollution. For any policy, however, to have an appropriate and pollution, are now well established. Indeed, congestion in the United States results in $100 billion in lost

  11. Multi-Disciplinary Decision Making and Optimization for Hybrid Electric Propulsion Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shoultout, Mohamed L. [University of Texas at Austin; Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL; Pannala, Sreekanth [ORNL; Chen, Dongmei [University of Texas at Austin

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we investigate the trade-offs among the subsystems of a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), e.g., the engine, motor, and the battery, and discuss the related im- plications for fuel consumption and battery capacity and lifetime. Addressing this problem can provide insights on how to prioritize these objectives based on consumers needs and preferences.

  12. Decision Making of Mobile Robot in the Presence of Risk on Its Surroundings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huh, Sung

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Valle [11]. ........................... 14 8 Graphical representation of map using grid for the wavefront algorithm.. 16 9 Assignment of number with wave expansion. ........................................... 16 10 The shortest path (green cell...?s algorithm. ...................... 42 B-1 Simulation result for 5x5 map size (a) 5% of grid covered with obstacle. (b) 10% of grid covered with obstacle. (c) 20% of grid covered with obstacle. (d) 30% of grid covered with obstacle...

  13. A methodology to identify efficient collaborative practices of decision-making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is This work was supported by The Foundation for an Industrial Safety Culture (Fondation pour une Culture de S in the new international airport in Lisbon. Indecision culture at Yahoo, Airbus, and Boeing are other

  14. Secondary Departments and Site Leadership Under Serial Reforms: "Evidence-Based Decision Making"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Jacquelyn Anne

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    we call the social networks of both micro and macro linkagesconnected networks. In these systems micro-structuringof these network links. It also leads to the micro worlds

  15. The use of management science techniques to improve decision making in poultry processing facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, Kenneth Allen

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    as data filey YES Input dele file name USER DEFTREO DATA FILE NO Whle date file, sppeno name to 'nle est DATA FILE LIST Close Flook dale file maker REFER TO FIG 1 Fig 2. Creation of a new flock data file. 20 maximum weight... final products list that corresponds to the current weight range. It then appends a user defined number of birds that is less than or equal to the total number of birds in the weight range to the currently searched product. By this, the MS...

  16. Constructing the Message: The Influence of Differing Political Communication Styles of Voter Decision Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walz, Carl Julius

    2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    candidate to employ such divisive moral rhetoric. David Foster (2006), through analyzing President Bushs 2004 campaign rhetoric, demonstrated how Bush and his campaign team used the rhetorical strategy of polarization to tap into and exacerbate the value...

  17. Exploration Of How Women Make Treatment Decisions After A Breast Cancer Diagnosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spittler, Cheryl Ann

    2011-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    that are associated with the development of breast cancer include: family history, age, and age of menarche, menopausal status, hormone therapy, obesity, alcohol use, lack of physical activity, and dense or fibrocystic breasts. Invasive ductal carcinoma...

  18. SURVEY OF LITERATURE ON STRATEGIC DECISION MAKING IN THE PRESENCE OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hai

    . One goal of the Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events (CREATE) is to develop tools. Such a problem arises in the context of terrorism threats. Probabilistic risk analysis is an insightful approach by the United States Department of Homeland Security through the Center for Risk and Economic Analysis

  19. Probabilistic Modeling and Phase 2 Decision Making at the West Valley

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015 | Department ofThat SavePrice-Anderson

  20. Applying Climate Information for Adaptation Decision-Making: A Guidance and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo Feng Bio Energy Co Ltd Jump to:SummariesApiConsumption

  1. A Proposed Change to the Energy Department's LNG Export Decision-Making

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataCombinedDepartment2015 InformationA BRIEF HISTORY OF THEAAA Potential

  2. Risk Analysis and Decision-Making Under Uncertainty: A Strategy and its

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power.pdf11-161-LNG |September 15,2015Department ofRequirementsEnergyJDickson AboutApplications |

  3. Real-time Pricing Leading to Optimal Operation under Distributed Decision Makings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hespanha, João Pedro

    such as renewable, micro-combined heat and power systems as well as energy storage systems such as batteries pricing strategy is heuristic, but we show that the resulting closed-loop system is stable, if the step problem, fuel supply security is- sues and nuclear power safety concerns encourage research

  4. Computational simulation is becoming a primary means of analysis and decision making in national laboratories and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fainman, Yeshaiahu

    efficiency of wind turbine blades to evaluating the surgical design for a bypass graft, complex engineering are Leading experts in finite eLement methods, high performance computing, and materiaL mechanics. Master

  5. Tribal Decision-Making and Intercultural Relations: Crow Creek Agency, 1863-1885

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galler, Robert

    2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lower Yanktonai residents experienced great change during the first two decades at the Crow Creek agency in Dakota Territory. This essay traces the evolution of relations between tribal members, federal agents, and ...

  6. Modeling and Analysis of Affective Influences on Human Experience, Prediction, Decision Making, and Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Media Arts and Sciences, on August 6, 2010, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy) and task-related confidence. I constructed a new model combining measures to evaluate risk preferences

  7. AN ECONOMIC EXPLORATION OF PREVENTION VERSUS RESPONSE IN ANIMAL RELATED BIOTERRORISM DECISION MAKING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    &M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2004 of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved as to style and content by facilitation. The framework allows more localized options, multiple possible events and incorporation of risk

  8. Reducing Subjectivity in Geothermal Exploration Decision Making (Presentation), NREL(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared at 278, 298,NIST 800-53 National Renewable Energy

  9. FTA-Characteristics of Bus Rapid Transit for Decision-Making | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (TheEtelligence (Smart Grid Project)CompanyFEMFREDInformation

  10. Konio Pathway: An Instinctive Visual Mechanism for Survival and Decision Making?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ,2,3 , Thierry Vi´eville1,2 and Fr´ed´eric Alexandre1,2 1 Inria, Mnemosyne Team, Bordeaux Sud-Ouest Research if these are unconsciously made. In the visual system, interactions between conscious and unconscious processing have been of the rest of the system accordingly. When examining the model's responses to static inputs, we observe

  11. Scanner Data in Managerial Decision-Making: A Case Study for Supermarkets.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capps, Oral Jr.; Thomas, Jeffrey M.; Long, Don L.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M. Thomas Grocery Field Specialist Kroger Company Roanoke, VA Don L. Long Professor Emeritus Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA AP R 1 '; 1989 Acknowledgments We wish to formally thank the United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5 1 Introduction Background ............................................................................... 7 Objectives...

  12. Smart grid technologies and the development of a decision making framework for market entry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lankton, Calman (Calman Ballow)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores business opportunities in the "smart grid" environment for the Power Electronics Global Product Group (PE GPG) of ABB, Ltd. The goal of this thesis is three-fold: 1) Provide a detailed definition of ...

  13. The Role of Potential Losses in Adolescent Decision-Making Under Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkley-Levenson, Emily Elizabeth

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    D.M. (2000). Personality and risk-taking: Common biosocialPeers increase adolescent risk taking by enhancing activityof Loss Aversion and Risk Avoidance in Adolescents and

  14. Decision analysis for geothermal energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yost, Keith A

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the key impediments to the development of enhanced geothermal systems is a deficiency in the tools available to project planners and developers. Weak tool sets make it difficult to accurately estimate the cost and ...

  15. Ability Underneath: Bodies in the Literary Imagination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bednarska, Dominika

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    but debatable? ) Child Porn Declination Decision by Federalbut-debatable-child-porn-declination-decision-by-federal-Quadriplegic Spared Prison in Porn Case. Buffalo News 1

  16. Decision Science | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to UserProduct: CrudeOffice ofINL isSeparationsRelevant toDecision Science

  17. CALS Student Making Strides In

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    CALS Student Making Strides In Jaguar Conservation Building Better Peppers Aquaponics Working Conservation 7 Celebrating AgFacts Day 8 Aquaponics Working to Sustain the World 9 Students Get Their Feet Wet

  18. Method of making alkyl esters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Elliott, Brian (Wheat Ridge, CO)

    2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of making alkyl esters are described herein. The methods are capable of using raw, unprocessed, low-cost feedstocks and waste grease. Generally, the method involves converting a glyceride source to a fatty acid composition and esterifying the fatty acid composition to make alkyl esters. In an embodiment, a method of making alkyl esters comprises providing a glyceride source. The method further comprises converting the glyceride source to a fatty acid composition comprising free fatty acids and less than about 1% glyceride by mass. Moreover, the method comprises esterifying the fatty acid composition in the presence of a solid acid catalyst at a temperature ranging firm about 70.degree. C. to about 120.degree. C. to produce alkyl esters, such that at least 85% of the free fatty acids are converted to alkyl esters. The method also incorporates the use of packed bed reactors for glyceride conversion and/or fatty acid esterification to make alkyl esters.

  19. Making Industry Part of the Climate Solution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lapsa, Melissa Voss [ORNL; Brown, Dr. Marilyn Ann [Georgia Institute of Technology; Jackson, Roderick K [ORNL; Cox, Matthew [Georgia Institute of Technology; Cortes, Rodrigo [Georgia Institute of Technology; Deitchman, Benjamin H [ORNL

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Improving the energy efficiency of industry is essential for maintaining the viability of domestic manufacturing, especially in a world economy where production is shifting to low-cost, less regulated developing countries. Numerous studies have shown the potential for significant cost-effective energy-savings in U.S. industries, but the realization of this potential is hindered by regulatory, information, workforce, and financial obstacles. This report evaluates seven federal policy options aimed at improving the energy efficiency of industry, grounded in an understanding of industrial decision-making and the barriers to efficiency improvements. Detailed analysis employs the Georgia Institute of Technology's version of the National Energy Modeling System and spreadsheet calculations, generating a series of benefit/cost metrics spanning private and public costs and energy bill savings, as well as air pollution benefits and the social cost of carbon. Two of the policies would address regulatory hurdles (Output-Based Emissions Standards and a federal Energy Portfolio Standard with Combined Heat and Power); three would help to fill information gaps and workforce training needs (the Superior Energy Performance program, Implementation Support Services, and a Small Firm Energy Management program); and two would tackle financial barriers (Tax Lien Financing and Energy-Efficient Industrial Motor Rebates). The social benefit-cost ratios of these policies appear to be highly favorable based on a range of plausible assumptions. Each of the seven policy options has an appropriate federal role, broad applicability across industries, utilizes readily available technologies, and all are administratively feasible.

  20. Computer-based tools for decision support at the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doctor, P.G.; Mahaffey, J.A.; Cowley, P.J.; Freshley, M.D.; Hassig, N.L.; Brothers, J.W.; Glantz, C.S.; Strachan, D.M.

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To help integrate activities in the environmental restoration and waste management mission of the Hanford Site, the Hanford Integrated Planning Project (HIPP) was established and funded by the US Department of Energy. The project is divided into three key program elements, the first focusing on an explicit, defensible and comprehensive method for evaluating technical options. Based on the premise that computer technology can be used to support the decision-making process and facilitate integration among programs and activities, the Decision Support Tools Task was charged with assessing the status of computer technology for those purposes at the Site. The task addressed two types of tools: tools need to provide technical information and management support tools. Technical tools include performance and risk assessment models, information management systems, data and the computer infrastructure to supports models, data, and information management systems. Management decision support tools are used to synthesize information at a high' level to assist with making decisions. The major conclusions resulting from the assessment are that there is much technical information available, but it is not reaching the decision-makers in a form to be used. Many existing tools provide components that are needed to integrate site activities; however, some components are missing and, more importantly, the glue'' or connections to tie the components together to answer decision-makers questions is largely absent. Top priority should be given to decision support tools that support activities given in the TPA. Other decision tools are needed to facilitate and support the environmental restoration and waste management mission.

  1. Computer-based tools for decision support at the Hanford Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doctor, P.G.; Mahaffey, J.A.; Cowley, P.J.; Freshley, M.D.; Hassig, N.L.; Brothers, J.W.; Glantz, C.S.; Strachan, D.M.

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To help integrate activities in the environmental restoration and waste management mission of the Hanford Site, the Hanford Integrated Planning Project (HIPP) was established and funded by the US Department of Energy. The project is divided into three key program elements, the first focusing on an explicit, defensible and comprehensive method for evaluating technical options. Based on the premise that computer technology can be used to support the decision-making process and facilitate integration among programs and activities, the Decision Support Tools Task was charged with assessing the status of computer technology for those purposes at the Site. The task addressed two types of tools: tools need to provide technical information and management support tools. Technical tools include performance and risk assessment models, information management systems, data and the computer infrastructure to supports models, data, and information management systems. Management decision support tools are used to synthesize information at a high` level to assist with making decisions. The major conclusions resulting from the assessment are that there is much technical information available, but it is not reaching the decision-makers in a form to be used. Many existing tools provide components that are needed to integrate site activities; however, some components are missing and, more importantly, the ``glue`` or connections to tie the components together to answer decision-makers questions is largely absent. Top priority should be given to decision support tools that support activities given in the TPA. Other decision tools are needed to facilitate and support the environmental restoration and waste management mission.

  2. The plethora of publics and their participation in policy making: How can they properly participate?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carnes, S.A.

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines the theoretical bases of publics and stakeholder participation in decision making, with special attention to mixed issues, including federal government actions such as remedial action programs and hazardous facility sitings. Empowerment associated with participation is addressed, focusing on differences between power and authority.

  3. Make the Most of Your Time: How Should the Analyst Work with Automated Traceability Tools?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dekhtyar, Alexander

    software engineer or analyst to make decisions or judgments based on the output of an automated tool. For example, a software architect may examine the outputs of a cost benefit analysis tool to decide on a particular architecture; a project manager may examine the output of a risk assessment tool to determine what

  4. Structuring strategic decisions through the analytic hierarchy process : a case study in the selection of warehouse location for WFP in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malaver, Gina

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Humanitarian logistic organizations struggle to make strategic and tactical decisions due to their lack of resources, the unpredictability of humanitarian events and the lack of readily available information; the existing ...

  5. North Slope Decision Support for Water Resource Planning and Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schnabel, William; Brumbelow, Kelly

    2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project was to enhance the water resource decision-making process with respect to oil and gas exploration/production activities on Alaskas North Slope. To this end, a web-based software tool was developed to allow stakeholders to assemble, evaluate, and communicate relevant information between and amongst themselves. The software, termed North Slope Decision Support System (NSDSS), is a visually-referenced database that provides a platform for running complex natural system, planning, and optimization models. The NSDSS design was based upon community input garnered during a series of stakeholder workshops, and the end product software is freely available to all stakeholders via the project website. The tool now resides on servers hosted by the UAF Water and Environmental Research Center, and will remain accessible and free-of-charge for all interested stakeholders. The development of the tool fostered new advances in the area of data evaluation and decision support technologies, and the finished product is envisioned to enhance water resource planning activities on Alaskas North Slope.

  6. Few- and many-body physics of dipoles in ion traps and optical lattice simulators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Safavi-Naini, Arghavan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The presence of strong interactions in quantum many-body systems makes the analytical treatment of such systems very difficult. In this thesis we explore two possible proposals for simulating strongly correlated, quantum ...

  7. Supply chain planning decisions under demand uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yanfeng Anna

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sales and operational planning that incorporates unconstrained demand forecasts has been expected to improve long term corporate profitability. Companies are considering such unconstrained demand forecasts in their decisions ...

  8. Step decision rules for multistage stochastic programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien Th ni

    2006-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 8, 2006 ... The second idea is to have each expert work with step decision rules. ... OR and Management Sciences (Supply Chain Management ). Citation:...

  9. Semi-Structured Decision Processes: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Human-Automation Decision Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaliardos, William N.

    The purpose of this work is to improve understanding of existing and proposed decision systems, ideally to improve the design of future systems. A "decision system" is defined as a collection of

  10. Software Design 2 (Arduino Nano) BodyBody--RemotesRemotes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spletzer, John R.

    Software Design 2 (Arduino Nano) BodyBody--RemotesRemotes Gesture Based Appliance Control System the room Large wireless range, e.g. 100 m range with 1mW XBees Safely separate the Arduino from input ways to lower cost further Switch to Arduino Mini Light Develop our own wireless modules Jacob

  11. Puerto Rico Disaster Decision Support Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    Puerto Rico Disaster Decision Support Tool: An innovative step towards community resilience Support Tool Pilot Internet-based scalable mapping server Emergency management geo-referenced information for all municipalities in Puerto Rico #12;Disaster Decision Support Tool (DDST) What is a GIS

  12. Solving Multiagent Assignment Markov Decision Scott Proper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    681 Solving Multiagent Assignment Markov Decision Processes Scott Proper Oregon State University]. On the Cite as: Solving Multiagent Assignment Markov Decision Processes, Scott Proper and Prasad Tadepalli, Sierra and Castelfranchi (eds.), May, 10­15, 2009, Bu- dapest, Hungary, pp. XXX-XXX. Copyright c 2009

  13. Reliable Distributed Computing for Decision Support Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bargiela, Andrzej

    Reliable Distributed Computing for Decision Support Systems Taha Osman, Andrzej Bargiela Department of application tasks on the currently avail- able computing nodes. Distributed Systems Reliability Due decision-support systems such as water distribution net- works, involving hundreds or even thousands

  14. Decision Support for Choice of Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langseth, Helge

    Decision Support for Choice of Security Solution The Aspect-Oriented Risk Driven Development (AORDD decisions. (4) RDD annotation rules for security risk and security solution variable estimation. (5) The AORDD security solution trade-o analysis and trade-o tool BBN topology. (6) Rule set for how

  15. 6 0 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement The IRD's decision bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    directress, CNRS, directress of OSUC Geochemistry, sedimentology Appointed members: Emmanuelle Auriol

  16. Hypersonic Arbitrary-Body Aerodynamics (HABA) for conceptual design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salguero, D.E.

    1990-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hypersonic Arbitrary-Body Aerodynamics (HABA) computer program predicts static and dynamic aerodynamic derivatives at hypersonic speeds for any vehicle geometry. It is intended to be used during conceptual design studies where fast computational speed is required. It uses the same geometry and hypersonic aerodynamic methods as the Mark IV Supersonic/Hypersonic Arbitrary-Body Program (SHABP) developed under sponsorship of the Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory; however, the input and output formats have been improved to make it easier to use. This program is available as part of the Department 9140 CAE software.

  17. Recovery and Resilience After a Nuclear Power Plant Disaster: A Medical Decision model for Managing an Effective, Timely, and Balanced Response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coleman, C. Norman [National Cancer Institute, NIH; Blumenthal, Daniel J. [National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Department of Energy

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on experiences in Tokyo responding to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant crisis, a real-time, medical decision model is presented by which to make key health-related decisions given the central role of health and medical issues in such disasters. Focus is on response and recovery activities that are safe, timely, effective, and well-organized. This approach empowers on-site decision makers to make interim decisions without undue delay using readily available and high-level scientific, medical, communication, and policy expertise. Key features of this approach include ongoing assessment, consultation, information, and adaption to the changing conditions. This medical decision model presented is compatible with the existing US National Response Framework structure.

  18. Proximal bodies in hypersonic flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deiterding, Ralf [ORNL; Laurence, Stuart J [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena; Hornung, Hans G [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hypersonic flows involving two or more bodies travelling in close proximity to one another are encountered in several important situations, both natural and man-made. The present work seeks to investigate one aspect of the resulting flow problem by exploring the forces experienced by a secondary body when it is within the domain of influence of a primary body travelling at hypersonic speeds. An analytical methodology based on the blast wave analogy is developed and used to predict the secondary force coefficients for simple geometries in both two and three dimensions. When the secondary body is entirely inside the primary shocked region, the nature of the lateral force coefficient is found to depend strongly on the relative size of the two bodies. For two spheres, the methodology predicts that the secondary body will experience an exclusively attractive lateral force if the secondary diameter is larger than one-sixth the primary diameter. The analytical results are compared with those from numerical simulations and reasonable agreement is observed if an appropriate normalization for the lateral displacement is used. Results from a series of experiments in the T5 hypervelocity shock tunnel are also presented and compared with perfect-gas numerical simulations, with good agreement. A new force-measurement technique for short-duration hypersonic facilities, enabling the experimental simulation of the proximal bodies problem, is described. This technique provides two independent means of measurement, and the agreement observed between the two gives a further degree of confidence in the results obtained.

  19. Bodies of information : reinventing bodies and practice in medical education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prentice, Rachel

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation recounts the development of graphic models of human bodies and virtual reality simulators for teaching anatomy and surgery to medical students, residents, and physicians. It considers how researchers from ...

  20. N-Body Simulations on GPUs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elsen, Erich; Houston, Mike; Pande, Vijay; Hanrahan, Pat; Darve, Eric

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial graphics processors (GPUs) have high compute capacity at very low cost, which makes them attractive for general purpose scientific computing. In this paper we show how graphics processors can be used for N-body simulations to obtain improvements in performance over current generation CPUs. We have developed a highly optimized algorithm for performing the O(N^2) force calculations that constitute the major part of stellar and molecular dynamics simulations. In some of the calculations, we achieve sustained performance of nearly 100 GFlops on an ATI X1900XTX. The performance on GPUs is comparable to specialized processors such as GRAPE-6A and MDGRAPE-3, but at a fraction of the cost. Furthermore, the wide availability of GPUs has significant implications for cluster computing and distributed computing efforts like Folding@Home.

  1. Helping make the holidays happier

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Bigfront.jpgcommunity200cellHeat TransferHelping Make The Holidays

  2. ARM - Lesson Plans: Making Clouds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUC : XDCResearch Related InformationAcid Rain Outreach HomeExpansionMaking Clouds

  3. MAKE Consulting | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New Energy Co Ltd JumpLightSourceR Public PowerMAKE

  4. Introduction to 'Make' NERSC Tutorial

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformation for and ApplicationNuclear Workforce Survey Report'Make'

  5. The ORNL whole body counter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is a non-technical document intended to provide an individual about to undergo a whole-body radiation count with a general understanding of the counting procedure and with the results obtained. 9 figs. (TEM)

  6. Reduction of Transient Particulate Matter Spikes with Decision...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Transient Particulate Matter Spikes with Decision Tree Based Control Reduction of Transient Particulate Matter Spikes with Decision Tree Based Control Using a non-parametric...

  7. DOE Defends Decision to Revoke Energy Star Designation for Certain...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Decision to Revoke Energy Star Designation for Certain LG Refrigerators DOE Defends Decision to Revoke Energy Star Designation for Certain LG Refrigerators December 23, 2009 -...

  8. Materials Down Select Decisions Made Within DOE's Chemical Hydrogen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Materials Down Select Decisions Made Within DOE's Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center of Excellence Materials Down Select Decisions Made Within DOE's Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center...

  9. Record of Decision for the Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Record of Decision for the Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Record of Decision for the Uranium Leasing Program Programmatic Environmental Impact...

  10. Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 Disposition Decision Analysis and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 Disposition Decision Analysis and Timeline Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 Disposition Decision Analysis and Timeline This Report to Congress provides a...

  11. Management decisions for cogeneration : executive summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radcliffe, Robert R.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes two interdependent studies which explore the underlying factors in the decision by private, private non-profit, and public sector facility owners to invest in cogeneration technology. They employ ...

  12. Management Forecast Quality and Capital Investment Decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Theodore H.

    Corporate investment decisions require managers to forecast expected future cash flows from potential investments. Although these forecasts are a critical component of successful investing, they are not directly observable ...

  13. Management decisions for cogeneration : a survey analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radcliffe, Robert R.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the underlying factors in the decision by private, private non-profit, and public sector facility owners to invest in cogeneration technology. It employs alpha factor analysis techniques to develop ...

  14. Unstructured Direct Elicitation of Decision Rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Min

    We investigate the feasibility of unstructured direct-elicitation (UDE) of decision rules consumers use to form consideration sets. With incentives to think hard and answer truthfully, tested formats ask respondents to ...

  15. Algorithmic Decision Theory and the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    professionals #12;8 Algorithmic Decision Theory ·First International Conference on ADT, Venice 2009. ·Second are borrowed from a presentation by Gil Bindewald of the Dept. of Energy to the SIAM Science Policy Committee

  16. Optimization Online - Optimizing Trading Decisions for Hydro ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nils Lhndorf

    2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 10, 2011 ... To demonstrate the efficiency of the solution approach, we fit an econometric ... Keywords: OR in Energy, Approximate Dynamic Programming, Stochastic Programming, Markov Decision Processes ... Classification Scheme

  17. Technology and public participation in environmental decisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Basilia Wang

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1970, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) has served as the main instrument for analyzing the environmental impacts of federal agency decisions and providing the public with opportunities to participate in ...

  18. Parallel object-oriented decision tree system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kamath; Chandrika (Dublin, CA), Cantu-Paz; Erick (Oakland, CA)

    2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A data mining decision tree system that uncovers patterns, associations, anomalies, and other statistically significant structures in data by reading and displaying data files, extracting relevant features for each of the objects, and using a method of recognizing patterns among the objects based upon object features through a decision tree that reads the data, sorts the data if necessary, determines the best manner to split the data into subsets according to some criterion, and splits the data.

  19. Iron-carbon compacts and process for making them

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sheinberg, Haskell (Santa Fe, NM)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention includes iron-carbon compacts and a process for making them. The process includes preparing a slurry comprising iron powder, furfuryl alcohol, and a polymerization catalyst for initiating the polymerization of the furfuryl alcohol into a resin, and heating the slurry to convert the alcohol into the resin. The resulting mixture is pressed into a green body and heated to form the iron-carbon compact. The compact can be used as, or machined into, a magnetic flux concentrator for an induction heating apparatus.

  20. Process to make structured particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Knapp, Angela Michelle; Richard, Monique N; Luhrs, Claudia; Blada, Timothy; Phillips, Jonathan

    2014-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is a process for making a composite material that contains structured particles. The process includes providing a first precursor in the form of a dry precursor powder, a precursor liquid, a precursor vapor of a liquid and/or a precursor gas. The process also includes providing a plasma that has a high field zone and passing the first precursor through the high field zone of the plasma. As the first precursor passes through the high field zone of the plasma, at least part of the first precursor is decomposed. An aerosol having a second precursor is provided downstream of the high field zone of the plasma and the decomposed first material is allowed to condense onto the second precursor to from structured particles.