Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

238U Decay Series Systematics Of Young Lavas From Batur Volcano, Sunda Arc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

238U Decay Series Systematics Of Young Lavas From Batur Volcano, Sunda Arc 238U Decay Series Systematics Of Young Lavas From Batur Volcano, Sunda Arc Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 238U Decay Series Systematics Of Young Lavas From Batur Volcano, Sunda Arc Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Activities of 238U decay series radioisotopes have been determined for both postcaldera basalts erupted between 1849 and 1974 and genetically related young precaldera dacites from Batur volcano, Bali, Sunda arc. All rocks possess (230Th/238U) = 1 within 2 sigma error indicating that little, if any, fractionation between Th and U occurred during their genesis, or in their source regions, within approximately the last 350 ka. Both the basaltic and the dacitic rocks possess (230Th/232U) ~

2

Systematic decomposition of the neutrinoless double beta decay operator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the systematic decomposition of the dimension nine neutrinoless double beta decay operator, focusing on mechanisms with potentially small contributions to neutrino mass, while being accessible at the LHC. We first provide a (d=9 tree-level) complete list of diagrams for neutrinoless double beta decay. From this list one can easily recover all previously discussed contributions to the neutrinoless double beta decay process, such as the celebrated mass mechanism or "exotics", such as contributions from left-right symmetric models, R-parity violating supersymmetry and leptoquarks. More interestingly, however, we identify a number of new possibilities which have not been discussed in the literature previously. Contact to earlier works based on a general Lorentz-invariant parametrisation of the neutrinoless double beta decay rate is made, which allows, in principle, to derive limits on all possible contributions. We furthermore discuss possible signals at the LHC for mediators leading to the short-range part of the amplitude with one specific example. The study of such contributions would gain particular importance if there were a tension between different measurements of neutrino mass such as coming from neutrinoless double beta decay and cosmology or single beta decay.

Florian Bonnet; Martin Hirsch; Toshihiko Ota; Walter Winter

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

3

Systematic Effects in Pulse Shape Analysis of HPGe Detector Signals for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pulse shape analysis is an important background reduction and signal identification technique for next generation of neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments examining 76Ge. We present a study of the systematic uncertainties in one such parametric pulse-shape analysis technique for separating multi-site backgrounds from single-site signal events. We examined systematic uncertainties for events in full-energy gamma peaks (predominantly multi-site), double escape peaks (predominantly single-site) and the Compton continuum near double-beta decay endpoint (which will be the dominant background for most neutrinoless double-beta decay searches). In short, we find total (statistical plus systematic) fractional uncertainties in the pulse shape cut survival probabilities of: 6.6%, 1.5% and 3.8% for double-escape, continuum and gamma-ray events respectively.

Victor M Gehman; Steven R Elliott; Dongming Mei

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

4

Systematic Advantages of Pulsed Beams for Measurements of Correlation Coefficients in Neutron Decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractMeasurements of correlation coefficients in neutron beta decay probe the structure of the weak interaction and serve to search for new physics beyond the standard model of particle physics. In this article we describe how pulsed cold neutron beams can be employed to effectively eliminate or control leading sources of systematic uncertainty. As two examples we introduce the existing instrument PERKEO III and the new instrument PERC.

Bastian Märkisch

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Decoding {beta}-decay systematics: A global statistical model for {beta}{sup -} half-lives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Statistical modeling of nuclear data provides a novel approach to nuclear systematics complementary to established theoretical and phenomenological approaches based on quantum theory. Continuing previous studies in which global statistical modeling is pursued within the general framework of machine learning theory, we implement advances in training algorithms designed to improve generalization, in application to the problem of reproducing and predicting the half-lives of nuclear ground states that decay 100% by the {beta}{sup -} mode. More specifically, fully connected, multilayer feed-forward artificial neural network models are developed using the Levenberg-Marquardt optimization algorithm together with Bayesian regularization and cross-validation. The predictive performance of models emerging from extensive computer experiments is compared with that of traditional microscopic and phenomenological models as well as with the performance of other learning systems, including earlier neural network models as well as the support vector machines recently applied to the same problem. In discussing the results, emphasis is placed on predictions for nuclei that are far from the stability line, and especially those involved in r-process nucleosynthesis. It is found that the new statistical models can match or even surpass the predictive performance of conventional models for {beta}-decay systematics and accordingly should provide a valuable additional tool for exploring the expanding nuclear landscape.

Costiris, N. J.; Mavrommatis, E.; Gernoth, K. A.; Clark, J. W. [Physics Department, Division of Nuclear Physics and Particle Physics, University of Athens, GR-15771 Athens (Greece); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Johannes-Kepler-Universitaet, A-4040 Linz (Austria) and School of Physics and Astronomy, Schuster Building, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom); McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences and Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Complexo Interdisciplinar, Centro de Mathematica e Aplicacoes Fundamentals, University of Lisbon, 1649-003 Lisbon (Portugal) and Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Technical University of Lisbon, 1096 Lisbon (Portugal)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

6

Statistical Global Modeling of Beta-Decay Halflives Systematics Using Multilayer Feedforward Neural Networks and Support Vector Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, the beta-decay halflives problem is dealt as a nonlinear optimization problem, which is resolved in the statistical framework of Machine Learning (LM). Continuing past similar approaches, we have constructed sophisticated Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) and Support Vector Regression Machines (SVMs) for each class with even-odd character in Z and N to global model the systematics of nuclei that decay 100% by the beta-minus-mode in their ground states. The arising large-scale lifetime calculations generated by both types of machines are discussed and compared with each other, with the available experimental data, with previous results obtained with neural networks, as well as with estimates coming from traditional global nuclear models. Particular attention is paid on the estimates for exotic and halo nuclei and we focus to those nuclides that are involved in the r-process nucleosynthesis. It is found that statistical models based on LM can at least match or even surpass the predictive performance of the best conventional models of beta-decay systematics and can complement the latter.

N. J. Costiris; E. Mavrommatis; K. A. Gernoth; J. W. Clark; H. Li

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

7

Systematic study of nuclear matrix elements in neutrinoless double-beta decay with a beyond mean-field covariant density functional theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a systematic study of nuclear matrix elements (NMEs) in neutrinoless double-beta decays with a state-of-the-art beyond mean-field covariant density functional theory. The dynamic effects of particle-number and angular-momentum conservations as well as quadrupole shape fluctuations are taken into account with projections and generator coordinate method for both initial and final nuclei. The full relativistic transition operator is adopted to calculate the NMEs. The present systematic studies show that in most of the cases there is a much better agreement with the previous non-relativistic calculation based on the Gogny force than in the case of the nucleus $^{150}$Nd found in Song et al. [Phys. Rev. C 90, 054309 (2014)]. In particular, we find that the total NMEs can be well approximated by the pure axial-vector coupling term with a considerable reduction of the computational effort.

J. M. Yao; L. S. Song; K. Hagino; P. Ring; J. Meng

2015-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

8

Lecture Series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources > Lecture Series Lecture Series The US LHC community has organized two nationwide public lecture series around the themes of the Large Hadron Collider and the Angels &...

9

B Decay  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Decay Decay B mesons are short-lived and decay inside the beam pipe, which is about 2.5 cm (1 inch) in diameter. Physicists project the tracks seen in the detector elements outside the beampipe back to where the particles must have traveled inside the beam pipe. We call a point where particles collide or decay a vertex. A way to identify a B meson is to look for two vertices with a gap between them. On the left is a standard event picture. On the right is a blowup of what happens close to the collision point inside the beam pipe. The vertex is where the B meson along with other particles was created and the secondary vertex is where it decayed. The solid green lines are the actual tracks of the decay particles outside the beam pipe. The dotted lines are the projection of the tracks into the beam pipe. Where they intersect are the vertices. The B travels between the first vertex and the secondary vertex along the black dotted line before it decays. Thus, the gap between the two vertices is a measure of the lifetime of the B meson. We will be looking for this decay length in our data. We will find a minimum or "threshold" value that will tell us to save events for further analysis.

10

Systematics and Phylogeny  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of systematic research is to organize the huge diversity of organisms. This requires the recognition of species and their classification into systematic groups of higher rank (genera, families, etc.). ...

Joachim W. Kadereit; Andreas Bresinsky

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Capabilities Series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Capabilities Series Capabilities Series www.emsl.pnl.gov Scientific Innovation Through Integration WHY USE EMSL'S MOLECULAR SCIENCE COMPUTING CAPABILITY? Ì Molecular Science Computing provides users with an integrated suite of computing hardware and software capabilities optimized for achieving the fastest time-to-solution for complex systems-level environmental molecular science simulations. Ì Expert staff members have extensive knowledge and experience in high-performance computing, as well as the operations, domain expertise, and scientific knowledge to support EMSL's users. Ì Substantial integration of transformational high-end computing simulations with experimental resources at EMSL provides a unique multidisciplinary research environment. The Molecular Science Computing capability at EMSL

12

Systematic investigation of picosecond photoinduced absorption in hydrogenated amorphous silicon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A systematic study of the dependence of picosecond photoinduced absorption (PA) and transmission in hydrogenated amorphous silicon on sample thickness, doping concentration, and excitation intensity has been undertaken. Investigations demonstrated that the picosecond PA decays are not caused by recombination at the sample surface nor by deep trapping. The decays are consistent with thermalization within the band tails and doping-induced band-tail states.

W. B. Jackson; C. Doland; C. C. Tsai

1986-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

Alpha decay of Fr215  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ?-decay property of Fr215 has been studied by the pulsed-beam method, in which Fr215 was produced in the Bi209(C12,?2n) reaction and its ? decay was measured between natural beam bursts of the cyclotron. The ground state of Fr215 was found to decay with E?=9.355±0.010 MeV and t12=0.12±0.02 ?sec. The reduced ? width of Fr215 is shown to fit the systematical trend of N=128 isotones very well and to agree with the simple shell-model calculation. Distributions of recoil angles for reaction products in the (C12,?xn) reaction were found to be quite different from those for (C12,xn) products, giving a convenient method of distinguishing these reaction products.[NUCLEAR REACTIONS Bi209(C12,xn), Bi209(C12,?xn), E=73-80 MeV; measured ? decay and W(?) of reaction products, E?, t12; deduced ?-decay width of Fr215.

T. Nomura; K. Hiruta; M. Yoshie; O. Hashimoto

1974-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Comment on the 20-dominance model for charm decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From systematic studies of D?K? decay amplitudes, it is pointed out that vital damage to the conventional "mild" 20-dominance model for charm decays is caused by an observation B(D0?K¯0?0)B(D0?K-?+)>0.5 but not by an observation ?(D+)??(D0).

Yoshio Koide

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Fermilab Lecture Series and Events  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Academic Lecture Series Academic Lecture Series Neutrino Oscillations Schedule Day Speaker Title Location Time March 18 and 25, 2003 (Tuesday) Andre de Gouvea Introduction to Neutrino Oscillations Curia II 10:30 A.M. - noon April 22 and 29, 2003 (Tuesday) Stephen Parke CP Violation in the Neutrino Sector Curia II 10:30 A.M. - noon May 6, 2003 (Tuesday) Boris Kayser The See Saw, and Neutrino Mixing and Oscillation Curia II 10:30 A.M. - noon May 13, 2002 (Tuesday) Boris Kayser Majorana Neutrinos, Majorana Masses, and Double Beta Decay Curia II 10:30 A.M. - noon May 13, 2002 (Tuesday) Boris Kayser Neutrino Puzzles and Leptogenesis Curia II 10:30 A.M. - noon Lattice QCD and the CKM Matrix: What, Why, and When You Should Believe. A series of four lectures reviewing the status and prospects of Lattice QCD

16

BEAM RELATED SYSTEMATICS IN HIGGS BOSON MASS MEASUREMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BEAM RELATED SYSTEMATICS IN HIGGS BOSON MASS MEASUREMENT A.RASPEREZA DESY, Notkestrasse 85, D-22607 and differential luminosity spectrum measurements and beam energy spread on the precision of the Higgs boson mass such as Higgs boson mass, decay branching fractions and production rate. However, most of these studies did

17

Series A.  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

.WGJPH-146 ' .WGJPH-146 ' 3 .P' , p3 ."J$i v-e- \. Cont&ning 3 pages Consisting of 0 figuree. Copy No. &of-G copies Series A. , / October 19, 1943 I:. ;I, ' , r;l ?" I ' I' 0 : J. Chipman r'rcro: John P. Howe In Re: Trip to ClYveland, Ohio, October 11, I.943 Thie is to report on the conference held on October 11th in which the pro+. 'g'.*rSs of the coating pork at the Cirasselli Labara*torios ores reviewed. lh05e pToSs;lt were: A. S. I?;ey,uendt; J, C. !'ioodhouse; M. T. Goebel; L. R. kstbrook; .4. Ii. Gray; J. P. Howe; Z. Ft. Keller. YI.,XTFXIP~UTIN~ - A, G. Grcv --- Gray summar ized the progress j;n ,elactropkti:~y, much as is givan ic Yr:e : &.$. .:r : -3 reports of the !l'whnicriL Division. ,. .I c.. , lhe.main points were: ~~'orit i< f:c~!--

18

Half-lives of Double $\\beta ^+$-decay with Two Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear double $\\beta ^-$-decays with two neutrinos were observed for many years and a systematic law describing the relation between their half-lives and decay energies was also proposed recently [Phys. Rev. C89, 064603 (2014)]. However, double $\\beta ^+$-decay ($\\beta ^+\\beta^+)$ with emission of both two positrons and two neutrinos has not been observed up to date. In this article, we perform a systematic analysis on the candidates of double $\\beta ^+$-decay, based on the 2012 nuclear mass table. Eight nuclei are found to be the good candidates for double $\\beta ^+$-decay and their half-lives are predicted according to the generalization of the systematic law to double $\\beta ^+$-decay. As far as we know, there is no theoretical result on double $\\beta ^+$-decay of nucleus $^{154}Dy$ and our result is the first prediction on this nucleus. This is also the first complete research on eight double $\\beta ^+$-decay candidates based on the available data of nuclear masses. It is expected that the calculated hal...

Ren, Yuejiao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Semileptonic Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is an overview of the measurements of the CKM matrix elements |V{sub cb}| and |V{sub ub}| that are based on detailed studies of semileptonic B decays by the BABAR and Belle Collaborations and major advances in QCD calculations. In addition, a new and improved measurement of the ratios R(D{sup (*)}) = {Beta}({bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)}{tau}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {tau}})/{Beta}({bar B} {yields} D{sup (*)}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}) is presented. Here D{sup (*)} refers to a D or a D* meson and {ell} is either e or {mu}. The results, R(D) = 0.440 {+-} 0.058 {+-} 0.042 and R(D*) = 0.332 {+-} 0.024 {+-} 0.018, exceed the Standard Model expectations by 2.0{sigma} and 2.7{sigma}, respectively. Taken together, they disagree with these expectations at the 3.4{sigma} level. The excess of events cannot be explained by a charged Higgs boson in the type II two-Higgs-doublet model.

Luth, Vera G.; /SLAC

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

20

Fission decay in intermediate heavy ion reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results are presented on cross sections, parallel and perpendicular momentum transfers, charge loss and velocity systematics for fission following reactions of Fe and Nb projectiles at 50--100 MeV/A on targets of Ta, Au, and Th. The results at 100 MeV/A are compared to a detailed multistage deexcitation model. The initial collision is modeled with an intranuclear cascade. The resultant excited target residues then undergo a fast preequilibrium decay stage followed by a statistical decay involving nucleon evaporation and fission. Results from this modeling are in reasonable agreement with experimental data. 14 refs., 11 figs.

Britt, H.C.

1990-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

A systematic study of select species complexes of Eleocharis subgenus Limnochloa (Cyperaceae)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of achene micro-morphology as an aid in systematics in Eleocharis, especially its potential in assigning sectional or serial rank. Menapace (1993) was also able to place species of Eleocharis at the series level previously unassigned by Svenson (1939...

Rosen, David Jonathan

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

22

Exotic decay model and alpha decay studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In exotic decay studies, the lifetime of alpha emission occurs crucially in the branching ratio calculation. In this work, we extend our previous exotic decay model to calculate the same. But, in this case unlike in the exotic decay, the redistribution of charge for given masses of the fragments has to be taken into account since the charge-to-mass ratio of the alpha fragment differs from that of the parent nucleus. We have therefore modified the Yukawa-plus-exponential potential in the post-scission region in our model suitably so as to allow the required charge redistribution among the fragments in the region between sharp contact and the point up to which the finite-range effects persist. The success of this model for alpha decay is as good as for the exotic decay studies.

Shanmugam, G.; Kamalaharan, B. (Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600005, India (IN))

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Moduli Decays and Gravitinos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One proposed solution of the moduli problem of string cosmology requires that the moduli are quite heavy, their decays reheating the universe to temperatures above the scale of nucleosynthesis. In many of these scenarios, the moduli are approximately supersymmetric; it is then crucial that the decays to gravitinos are helicity suppressed. In this paper, we discuss situations where these decays are, and are not, suppressed. We also comment on a possible gravitino problem from inaton decay.

Dine, Michael; Kitano, Ryuichiro; Morisse, Alexander; Shirman, Yuri

2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

24

Power Series Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Series 16.4 Introduction In this section we consider power series. These are examples of infinite series where each term contains a variable, x, raised to a positive integer power. We use the ratio test to obtain the radius of convergence R, of the power series and state the important result

Vickers, James

25

One-particle inclusive semileptonic B decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a method for a QCD based calculation of one-particle inclusive decays of the form B?D¯X or B?D*X. It is based on the heavy mass limit and a short distance expansion of the amplitudes, which yield a power series in the parameter 1/MX2 for the spectra and in ?QCDmb/(mb-mc)2 for the rates. We study the leading term of this expansion for the case of the semileptonic decays B?D¯Xl+?.

Christopher Balzereit and Thomas Mannel

1998-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

26

Decay of Np241  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay of a 16-minute neptunium activity attributed to Np241 has been studied with anthracene and sodium iodide scintillation counters. The principal mode of decay appears to be a beta group decaying to the ground state of Pu241 with a beta end-point energy of 1.36±0.10 Mev.

R. Vandenbosch

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Glossary Term - Beta Decay  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Avogadro's Number Avogadro's Number Previous Term (Avogadro's Number) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Beta Particle) Beta Particle Beta Decay Beta decay results in the emission of an electron and antineutrino, or a positron and neutrino. Beta decay is one process that unstable atoms can use to become more stable. There are two types of beta decay, beta-minus and beta-plus. During beta-minus decay, a neutron in an atom's nucleus turns into a proton, an electron and an antineutrino. The electron and antineutrino fly away from the nucleus, which now has one more proton than it started with. Since an atom gains a proton during beta-minus decay, it changes from one element to another. For example, after undergoing beta-minus decay, an atom of carbon (with 6 protons) becomes an atom of nitrogen (with 7 protons).

28

Uncertainties in Nuclear Matrix Elements for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uncertainties in Nuclear Matrix Elements for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Jonathan Engel Abstract. I briefly review calculations of the matrix elements governing neutrinoless double-beta decay, in broad terms, strategies for reducing systematic error. 1. Introduction Neutrinoless double-beta (0

Engel, Jonathan

29

Salient Biological Features, Systematics,  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Salient Salient Biological Features, Systematics, and Genetic Variation of Populus Gancho T. Slavov and Peter Zhelev Abstract The genus Populus includes morphologically diverse species of decid- uous, relatively short-lived, and fast-growing trees. Most species have wide ranges of distribution but tend to occur primarily in riparian or mountainous habitats. Trees from this genus are typically dioecious, flower before leaf emer- gence, and produce large amounts of wind-dispersed pollen or seeds. Seedlings are drought- and shade-intolerant, and their establishment depends on distur- bance and high soil moisture. Asexual reproduction is common and occurs via root sprouting and/or rooting of shoots. Fossil records suggest that the genus appeared in the late Paleocene or early Eocene (i.e., 50-60 million years BP). According to one commonly used classification, the genus is comprised

30

Neutralino decays at the CERN LHC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the distribution of lepton pairs from the second lightest neutralino decay ??20???10l+l-. This decay mode is important to measure the mass difference between ??20 and the lightest neutralino ??10, which helps to determine the parameters of the minimal supersymmetric standard model at the CERN LHC. We found that the decay distribution strongly depends on the values of underlying MSSM parameters. For some extreme cases, the amplitude near the end point of the lepton invariant mass distribution can be suppressed so strongly that one needs the information of the whole mll distribution to extract m??20-m??10. On the other hand, if systematic errors on the acceptance can be controlled, this distribution can be used to constrain slepton masses and the Z??20??10 coupling. Measurements of the velocity distribution of ??20 from samples near the end point of the mll distribution, and of the asymmetry of the pT of leptons, would be useful to reduce the systematic errors.

Mihoko M. Nojiri and Youichi Yamada

1999-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

31

Decay of accelerated particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study how the decay properties of particles are changed by acceleration. It is shown that under the influence of acceleration (1) the lifetime of particles is modified and (2) new processes (such as the decay of the proton) become possible. This is illustrated by considering scalar models for the decay of muons, pions, and protons. We discuss the close conceptual relation between these processes and the Unruh effect.

Rainer Müller

1997-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

Neutrinoless Quadruple Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We point out that lepton number violation is possible even if neutrinos are Dirac particles. We illustrate this by constructing a simple model that allows for lepton number violation by four units only. As a consequence, neutrinoless double beta decay is forbidden, but neutrinoless quadruple beta decay is possible: $(A,Z) \\to (A,Z+4) + 4 e^-$. We identify three candidate isotopes for this decay, the most promising one being Nd-150 due to its high $Q_{0\

Julian Heeck; Werner Rodejohann

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

33

Majorons and muon decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The existence of a massless Goldstone boson coupling to neutrinos in theories with spontaneous violation of a global B-L symmetry may be consequential in precision measurements of the parameters in muon decay. We calculate the decay parameters for ??eMM, where the Majoron M is the Goldstone boson, and discuss limits on the Majoron-neutrino coupling.

T. Goldman; Edward W. Kolb; G. J. Stephenson; Jr.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Muon Decay Deep Underground  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A measurement of delayed coincidences characteristic of muon decay has been made at a depth of 1440-hg/cm2 standard rock with a 200-liter liquid scintillation detector. These results are consistent with the decay rate predicted from the depth-intensity curve for the penetrating component of the cosmic rays, providing independent evidence that this component is energetic muons.

W. R. Kropp; Jr.; F. Reines; R. M. Woods; Jr.

1968-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

35

Rare hadronic B decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rare hadronic B-meson decays allow us to study CP violation. The class of B decays final states containing two vector mesons provides a rich set of angular correlation observables to study. This article reviews some of the recent experimental results from the BaBar and Belle collaborations.

A. J. Bevan

2006-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

36

Neutrinoless double beta decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Present status of the search for 0??? decay and of the related theoretical questions is reviewed. The mechanism of the decay and how to recognize it is discussed first followed by the relation of the effective neutrino Majorana mass and the oscillation parameters and the problems of nuclear matrix elements. The planned ? 100 kg experiments are briefly described.

Petr Vogel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Series Transmission Line Transformer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A series transmission line transformer is set forth which includes two or more of impedance matched sets of at least two transmissions lines such as shielded cables, connected in parallel at one end ans series at the other in a cascading fashion. The cables are wound about a magnetic core. The series transmission line transformer (STLT) which can provide for higher impedance ratios and bandwidths, which is scalable, and which is of simpler design and construction.

Buckles, Robert A. (Livermore, CA); Booth, Rex (Livermore, CA); Yen, Boris T. (El Cerrito, CA)

2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

38

Time Series Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Know how to apply simple methods for time series forecasting such as moving averages and the three levels of exponential smoothing.

Marc Goetschalckx

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Nuclear Science Series: Radiochemistry  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

eBooks Radiochemistry Nuclear Science Series: Radiochemistry These volumes are publicly accessible via the Library Catalog or the links below. Question? 667-5809 Email Scope...

40

Nudibranch Systematic Index, second edition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systematic Index page - 380 Tachikawa, 1997:3†; Tonozuka,Valdes, 2008:294†; Tachikawa, 1997:5† Phyllidiella1999:128†; 2004:215†; Tachikawa, 1997:6†; Tonozuka, 2003:

McDonald, Gary R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

B Decay Length  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Threshold Decay Length Threshold Decay Length Data from 292 B events are in an Excel spreadsheet that looks like this table. To find the threshold decay length: Sort the data by descending decay lengths, dt. Run Event No. B Mass GeV/c2 ptB GeV/c dt cm Velocity v/c Lab Lifetime sec Rest Lifetime sec Bin 65160 642324 5.277 7.966 0.388 66500 89978 5.274 20.508 0.940 Get the data. Make a histogram of decay lengths. Rather than graphing all the lengths as individual points, physicists group the data. They consider the range of the data and divide it into "bins" of equal size. A histogram is a graph of the number of events in each bin vs. the bin range. We are looking for the smallest decay length that fits the exponential curve. This will indicate the length of the decay as detemined by that experimental run.

42

Semileptonic lepton-number- and/or lepton-flavor-violating ? decays in Majorana neutrino models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Motivated by the recent investigation of neutrinoless ?-lepton decays by the CLEO Collaboration, we perform a systematic analysis of such decays in a possible new-physics scenario with heavy Dirac and/or Majorana neutrinos, including heavy-neutrino nondecoupling effects, finite quark masses, and quark as well as meson mixings. We find that the ? lepton decays into an electron or muon and a pseudoscalar or vector meson can have branching ratios close to the experimental sensitivity. Numerical estimates show that the predominant decay modes of this kind are ?-?e-?, ?-?e-?0, and ?-?e-?0, with branching ratios of the order of 10-6.

A. Ilakovac, B. A. Kniehl, and A. Pilaftsis

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Opposite power series  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to analyze the singularities of a power series function P(t) on the boundary of its convergent disc, we introduced the space @W(P) of opposite power series in the opposite variable s=1/t, where P(t) was, mainly, the growth function (Poincare ...

Kyoji Saito

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

NUCLEAR PHYSICS THIRD SERIES, VOLUME 32, NUMBER 6 DECEMBER 1985  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NUCLEAR PHYSICS THIRD SERIES, VOLUME 32, NUMBER 6 DECEMBER 1985 Coulomb energy systematics and the missing J =--, ' + state in 98 R. Sherr Department ofPhysics, Princeton University, Princeton, Xeiv Jersey 08544 Cr. Bertsch Department ofPhysics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (Received 22

Bertsch George F.

45

CHAPTER XV - TIME SERIES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter provides an overview of time series. A time series is a set of observations of a variable made at different points of time and arranged in chronological order, each observation representing the value of the variable either at a given moment or during the interval of time between this observation and the preceding one. In general, the observations forming a time-series as made at equidistant intervals of time are considered. The factors affecting time-series may be recurring or nonrecurring, or evolutionary, periodic, or random. The method of moving averages consists in determining the average value for a certain number of terms of a time series and taking this average as the trend normal value for the middle of the period covered in the calculation of the average, that is, the period extent of the moving average.

ISAAC PAENSON

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Tracing of Error in a Time Series Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A physical (e.g. astrophysical, geophysical, meteorological etc.) data may appear as an output of an experiment or it may contain some sociological, economic or biological information. Whatever be the source of a time series data some amount of noise is always expected to be embedded in it. Analysis of such data in presence of noise may often fail to give accurate information. Although text book data filtering theory is primarily concerned with the presences of random, zero mean errors; but in reality, errors in data are often systematic rather than random. In the present paper we produce different models of systematic error in the time series data. This will certainly help to trace the systematic error present in the data and consequently that can be removed as possible to make the data compatible for further study.

Koushik Ghosh; Probhas Raychaudhuri

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

47

Charmless B Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rare charmless hadronic B decays are a good testing ground for the standard model. The dominant amplitudes contributing to this class of B decays are CKM suppressed tree diagrams and b {yields} s or b {yields} d loop diagrams (''penguins''). These decays can be used to study interfering standard model (SM) amplitudes and CP violation. They are sensitive to the presence of new particles in the loops, and they provide valuable information to constrain theoretical models of B decays. The B factories BABAR at SLAC and Belle at KEK produce B mesons in the reaction e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B}. So far they have collected integrated luminosities of about 406 fb{sup -1} and 600 fb{sup -1}, respectively. The results presented here are based on subsets of about 200-500 fb{sup -1} and are preliminary unless a journal reference is given.

Gradl, Wolfgang; /Edinburgh U.

2007-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

48

Neutrinoless Double $?$-Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The neutrinoless double $\\beta$-decay is reviewed. Model independent evidence in favor of neutrino masses and mixing is briefly summarized. The data of the recent experiments on the search for $0\

S. M. Bilenky

2004-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

49

Decay of Np93232  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay of Np93232 has been studied by ? spectroscopy with a Ge(Li) spectrometer. The energies and relative intensities of 24 ? peaks have been determined. A decay scheme with two new energy levels at 1098.2 and 1146.3 keV is proposed. The level at 1193.9 keV has been confirmed. Electron-capture branching intensities are given.

R. Weiss-Reuter; H. Münzel; G. Pfennig

1972-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Double Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The motivation, present status, and future plans of the search for the neutrinoless double beta decay are reviewed. It is argued that, motivated by the recent observations of neutrino oscillations, there is a reasonable hope that neutrinoless double beta decay corresponding to the neutrino mass scale suggested by oscillations, of about 50 meV, actually exists. The challenges to achieve the sensitivity corresponding to this mass scale, and plans to overcome them, are described.

Steven R. Elliott; Petr Vogel

2002-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

51

Fate of the false monopoles: Induced vacuum decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study a gauge theory model where there is an intermediate symmetry breaking to a metastable vacuum that breaks a simple gauge group to a U(1) factor. Such a model admits the existence of metastable magnetic monopoles, which we dub false monopoles. We prove the existence of these monopoles in the thin-wall approximation. We determine the instantons for the collective coordinate that corresponds to the radius of the monopole wall and we calculate the semiclassical tunneling rate for the decay of these monopoles. The monopole decay consequently triggers the decay of the false vacuum. As the monopole mass is increased, we find an enhanced rate of decay of the false vacuum relative to the celebrated homogeneous tunneling rate due to S. R. Coleman [Subnuclear series 13, 297 (1977).].

Kumar, Brijesh [Physics Department, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, 400076 (India); Groupe de physique des particules, Departement de physique, Universite de Montreal, Case Postale 6128, succursale Centre-ville, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Paranjape, M. B. [Groupe de physique des particules, Departement de physique, Universite de Montreal, Case Postale 6128, succursale Centre-ville, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Yajnik, U. A. [Physics Department, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, 400076 (India); Groupe de physique des particules, Departement de physique, Universite de Montreal, Case Postale 6128, succursale Centre-ville, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Department of Physics, Ernest Rutherford Physics Building, McGill University, 3600 rue University, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 2T5 (Canada)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

Invariant time-series factorization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time-series analysis is an important domain of machine learning and a plethora of methods have been developed for the task. This paper proposes a new representation of time series, which in contrast to existing approaches, decomposes a time-series dataset ... Keywords: Data mining, Time-series classification, Time-series factorization

Josif Grabocka; Lars Schmidt-Thieme

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Systematic Literature Search Doug Brutlag  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;Details of PCNA Structure Search #12;PubMed Advanced Search http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/advanced #12;PubMed Advanced Search http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/advanced #12;PubMed Limits http://wwwSystematic Literature Search Doug Brutlag Professor Emeritus Biochemistry & Medicine Computational

54

Giant resonance decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Decay studies of giant multipole resonances are discussed, emphasizing the role of Coulomb excitation with intermediate energy heavy ions, which can provide very large cross sections for both isoscalar and isovector resonances. We discuss measurement of the photon decay of one and two phonon giant resonances, reporting results where available. It is pointed out throughout the presentation that the use of E1 photons as a tag'' provides a means to observe weakly excited resonances that cannot be observed in the singles spectra. 30 refs., 16 figs., 1 tab.

Beene, J.R.; Bertrand, F.E.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Focus Series | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Better Buildings Partners Focus Series Focus Series On-Bill Financing Brings Lenders and Homeowners on Board bbnpfocusseriescew9-2-14.jpg Read how Clean Energy Works'...

56

WHY SEARCH FOR DOUBLE BETA DECAY?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the search for neutrinoless double beta decay may prove verySearching for neutrinoless double beta decay is the onlysensitivity of neutrinoless double beta decay. The potential

Kayser, B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Evidence for the Rare Decay B+ to Ds+ pi0  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have searched for the rare decay B{sup +} {yields} D{sub s}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}. The analysis is based on a sample of 232 million {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} storage ring. They find 19.6 signal events, corresponding to a significance of 4.7 {sigma}. The extracted signal yield including statistical and systematic uncertainties is 20.1{sub -6.0-1.5}{sup +6.8+0.4}, and they measure {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} D{sub s}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}) = (1.5{sub -0.4}{sup +0.5} {+-} 0.1 {+-} 0.2) x 10{sup -5}, where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, and the last is due to the uncertainty on the D{sub s}{sup +} decay and its daughter decay branching fractions.

Aubert, B.

2006-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

58

Vacuum Energy Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem of the vacuum energy decay is studied through the analysis of the vacuum survival amplitude ${\\mathcal A}(z, z')$. Transition amplitudes are computed for finite time-span, $Z\\equiv z^\\prime-z$, and their {\\em late time} behavior is discussed up to first order in the coupling constant, $\\l$.

Enrique Álvarez; Roberto Vidal

2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

59

Theory of Beta Decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......pseudoscalar coupling constant, (13 1) Schwarzschild gave the data on He6 (Sc57b). thesis...data of ft values in the beta decay of mirror transitions between doubly closed shell...Ann. of Phys. 2 (1957), 407. A. Schwarzschild, Ph. D. Thesis, Columbia University......

M. Morita

1963-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Distinguished Lecturers Series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Videos Videos Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Environmental Energy Technologies Division Distinguished Lecture Series Environmental Energy Technologies Division Distinguished Lecture Series Videos Long Fuse, Big Bang: Thomas Edison, Electricity, and the Locus of Innovation Andrew Hargadon, October 22, 2012 Climate Change Hits Home: Impacts on the Built Environment and Health John Spengler, June 18, 2012 High Comfort-Low Impact, From Buildings to Cities Matthias Schuler, April 30, 2012 Emissions Trading and Climate Finance: Is 2012 the Dead End or the Crossroads? Marc Stuart, January 27, 2012 Advances in Global Climate Modeling for Scientific Understanding and Predictability V. Ramaswamy, October 7, 2011 How is Building Energy Use Related to Occupant Behaviors and Building Usage

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Distinguished Lecturers Series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Past Seminars Past Seminars Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Environmental Energy Technologies Division Distinguished Lecture Series Environmental Energy Technologies Division Distinguished Lecture Series Andrew Hargadon October 22, 2012 Long Fuse, Big Bang: Thomas Edison, Electricity, and the Locus of Innovation Andrew Hargadon Charles J. Soderquist Chair in Entrepreneurship Professor of Technology Management at the Graduate School of Management University of California, Davis John Spengler June 18, 2012 Climate Change Hits Home: Impacts on the Built Environment and Health John Spengler Akira Yamaguchi Professor of Environmental Health & Human Habitation Harvard School of Public Health and Director of the Sustainability and Environmental Management Program Harvard Extension School

62

Study of the decay asymmetry parameter and CP violation parameter in the Lambda(c)+ ---> Lambda pi+ decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using data from the FOCUS (E831) experiment at Fermilab, we present a new measurement of the weak decay-asymmetry parameter a{sub {Lambda}{sub c}} in {Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} {yields} {Lambda}{pi}{sup +} decay. Comparing particle with antiparticle decays, we obtain the first measurement of the CP violation parameter {Alpha} {triple_bond} a{sub {Lambda}{sub c}} + a{sub {ovr {Lambda}{sub c}}}/a{sub {Lambda}{sub c}} - a{sub {ovr {Lambda}{sub c}}}. We obtain a{sub {Lambda}{sub c}} = -0.78 {+-} 0.16 {+-} 0.13 and {Alpha} = -0.07 {+-} 0.19 {+-} 0.12 where errors are statistical and systematic.

Link, J.M.; Yager, P.M.; /UC, Davis; Anjos, J.C.; Bediaga, I.; Castromonte, C.; Machado, A.A.; Magnin, J.; Massafferri, A.; de Miranda, J.M.; Pepe, I.M.; Polycarpo, E.; dos Reis, A.C.; /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF; Carrillo, S.; Casimiro, E.; Cuautle, E.; Sanchez-Hernandez, A.; Uribe, C.; Vazquez, F.; /CINVESTAV, IPN; Agostino, L.; Cinquini, L.; Cumalat,; /Colorado U. /Fermilab /Frascati /Guanajuato U. /Illinois U., Urbana /Indiana U. /Korea U. /Kyungpook Natl. U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /North Carolina U. /Pavia U. /INFN,

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Energy Management Webinar Series  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Boost your knowledge on how to implement an energy management system through this four-part webinar series from the Superior Energy Performance program. Each webinar introduces various elements of the ISO 50001 energy management standard—based on the Plan-Do-Check-Act approach—and the associated steps of DOE's eGuide for ISO 50001 software tool.

64

Global Health Seminar Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bay Area Global Health Seminar Series Moving beyond millennium targets in global health: The challenges of investing in health and universal health coverage Although targets can help to focus global health efforts, they can also detract attention from deeper underlying challenges in global health

Klein, Ophir

65

Global Health Seminar Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bay Area Global Health Seminar Series Monday, January 27, 2014 2:30pm ­ 4:00pm (Reception to follow at the Center for Health Policy and the Woods Institute for the Environment. He studies how economic, political, and natural environments affect population health in developing countries using a mix of experimental

Klein, Ophir

66

Handbook on string decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explain simple semi-classical rules to estimate the lifetime of any given highly-excited quantum state of the string spectrum in flat spacetime. We discuss both the decays by splitting into two massive states and by massless emission. As an application, we study a solution describing a rotating and pulsating ellipse which becomes folded at an instant of time -- the ``squashing ellipse''. This string interpolates between the folded string with maximum angular momentum and the pulsating circular string. We explicitly compute the quantum decay rate for the corresponding quantum state, and verify the basic rules that we propose. Finally, we give a more general (4-parameter) family of closed string solutions representing rotating and pulsating elliptical strings.

Roberto Iengo; Jorge G. Russo

2006-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

67

Validation and Testing of ENDF/B-VII Decay Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nuclear decay library developed for the ORIGEN code was upgraded from ENDF/B-VI.8 to -VII.0 and released in the SCALE nuclear modeling and simulation code system in 2011. Experience with the ENDF/B-VII.0 library identified serious errors and performance issues in the evaluated decay sublibrary. Initially, errors were identified in the decay scheme for the 238U series, leading to large discrepancies in the gamma emission rate for uranium. Further testing of the fission product decay data revealed significant performance issues with ENDF/B-VII.0 relative to the previous release of ENDF/B-VI. To address the performance issues, the decay data library in SCALE was upgraded to ENDF/B-VII.1 and released as an update for users in 2013. This paper describes the practical impact of the ENDF/B-VII.0 decay data performance issues on common code applications, and the validation and testing performed on the updated ORIGEN libraries developed from the ENDF/B-VII.1 sublibrary.

Gauld, Ian C [ORNL] [ORNL; Pigni, Marco T [ORNL] [ORNL; Ilas, Germina [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Bremsstrahlung in ? decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A quantum mechanical analysis of the bremsstrahlung in ? decay of 210Po is performed in close reference to a semiclassical theory. We clarify the contribution from the tunneling, mixed, outside barrier regions, and from the wall of the inner potential well to the final spectral distribution, and discuss their interplay. We also comment on the validity of semiclassical calculations, and the possibility to eliminate the ambiguity in the nuclear potential between the alpha particle and daughter nucleus using the bremsstrahlung spectrum.

N. Takigawa; Y. Nozawa; K. Hagino; A. Ono; D. M. Brink

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Alpha-decay Rates of Yb and Gd in Solar Neutrino Detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The $\\alpha$-decay rates for the nuclides $^{168,170,171,172,173,174,176}$Yb and $^{148,150,152,154}$Gd have been estimated from transmission probabilities in a systematic $\\alpha$-nucleus potential and from an improved fit to $\\alpha$-decay rates in the rare-earth mass region. Whereas ${\\alpha}$-decay of $^{152}$Gd in natural gadolinium is a severe obstacle for the use of gadolinium as a low-energy solar-neutrino detector, we show that ${\\alpha}$-decay does not contribute significantly to the background in a ytterbium detector. An extremely long ${\\alpha}$-decay lifetime of $^{168}$Yb is obtained from calculation, which may be close to the sensitivity limit in a low-background solar neutrino detector.

M. Fujiwara; T. Kawabata; P. Mohr

2002-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

70

Alpha-decay rates of Yb and Gd in solar-neutrino detectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ?-decay rates for the nuclides 168,170,171,172,173,174,176Yb and 148,150,152,154Gd have been estimated from transmission probabilities in a systematic ?-nucleus potential and from an improved fit to ?-decay rates in the rare-earth mass region. Whereas ?-decay of 152Gd in natural gadolinium is a severe obstacle for the use of gadolinium as a low-energy solar-neutrino detector, we show that ?-decay does not contribute significantly to the background in a ytterbium detector. An extremely long ?-decay lifetime of 168Yb is obtained from calculation, which may be close to the sensitivity limit in a low-background solar-neutrino detector.

M Fujiwara; T Kawabata; P Mohr

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Functional Power Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work introduces a new functional series for expanding an analytic function in terms of an arbitrary analytic function. It is generally applicable and straightforward to use. It is also suitable for approximating the behavior of a function with a few terms. A new expression is presented for the composite function's n'th derivative. The inverse-composite method is handled in this work also.

Henrik Stenlund

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

72

Argonne CNM: Colloquium Series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Colloquium Series Colloquium Series The Center for Nanoscale Materials holds a regular biweekly colloquium on alternate Wednesday afternoons at 4:00 p.m. in Bldg. 440, Room A105/106. The goal of the series is to provide a forum for topical multidisciplinary talks in areas of interest to the CNM and also to offer a mechanism for fostering interactions with potential facility users. Refreshments will be served at 3:45. January 15, 2013 "Friction, Brownian Motion, and Energy Dissipation Mechanisms in Adsorbed Molecules and Molecularly Thin Films: Heating, Electrostatic and Magnetic Effects," by Jacquelin Krim, North Carolina State University, hosted by Diana Berman Abstract: In the study of friction at the nanoscale, phononic, electrostatic, conduction electron, and magnetic effects all contribute to the dissipation mechanisms. Electrostatic and magnetic contributions are increasingly alluded to in the current literature, but they remain poorly characterized. I will first overview the nature of these various contribution, and then report on our observations of magnetic and electrostatic contributions to friction for various systems in the presence and absence of external fields. I will also report on the use of a quartz crystal microbalance with a graphene/Ni(111) electrode to probe frictional heating effects in Kr monolayers sliding on the microbalance electrode in response to its oscillatory motion.

73

The Control of Transit and Storage Decays in Texas Lemons.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Penicillium (Green Mol'd) Decay 19 D'iphenyl-Impregnated Tissue Wraps for Green Mold Control . . 20 ................. Fumigation With Nitrogen Trichloride (Decco) 21 Recommendations ................................................. 22 Literature Cited....03 parts per million nitrogen trichloride gas in the ethylene gas coloring room, or even in the car after loading (Decco process) . The series of experiments reported herein have consistently sho~vn that the serious losses frequently occurring...

Ryall, A. Lloyd (Albert Lloyd); Godfrey, G. H. (George Harold)

1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Physics for Everyone Lecture Series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics for Everyone lecture series A non-technical lecture series about Fermilab science and culture Talks take place on Wednesdays each month from 12:30-1:30 p.m. in the...

75

CP violations in ?± meson decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the pion decays with intermediate on-shell neutrinos N into two electrons and a muon, ?± ? e±N ? e±e±??. We investigate the branching ratios Br± = [?(?? ? e?e??+?) ± ?(?+ ? e+e+???)]/?(?? ? all) and the CP asymmetry ratio for such decays, in the scenario with two different on-shell neutrinos. If N is Dirac, only the lepton number conserving (LC) decays contribute (LC: ? = ?e or ); if N is Majorana, both LC and lepton number violating (LV) decays contribute (LV: or ? = ??). The results show that the CP asymmetry is in general very small, but increases and becomes ~1 when the masses of the two intermediate neutrinos get closer to each other, i.e., when their mass difference becomes comparable with their decay width, . The observation of CP violation in pion decays would be consistent with the existence of the well-motivated ?MSM model with two almost degenerate heavy neutrinos.

Gorazd Cveti?; C S Kim; Jilberto Zamora-Saá

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Nonparametric estimation in ?-series processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A counting process {N(t),t>=0} with the interoccurrence times X"1,X"2,... is an @a-series process if there exists a real number @a such that (k^@aX"k)"k"="1","2","... forms a renewal process. The nonparametric inference problem in an @a-series process ... Keywords: ?-series process, Linear regression, Trend

Halil Aydo?Du; Mahmut Kara

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Theoretical review of series resistance determination methods for solar cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Using a systematic approach, a collection of expressions for the series resistance of a solar cell are derived from the diode model. Many published series resistance determination methods are among them, or are slight variations on them. Some expressions have not yet been described in the literature. Representation of the methods in a two-dimensional array allows for easy comparison and reveals that many of the previously published methods are more alike than might appear at first sight. From a discussion of the various methods, on the basis of the two-dimensional array arrangement, an overview of the required approximations and assumptions for each method is assembled. Taking the effect of these approximations and assumptions into account, it is expected that the method of Wolf & Rauschenbach will provide the most accurate value for the series resistance of a solar cell.

G.M.M.W. Bissels; J.J. Schermer; M.A.H. Asselbergs; E.J. Haverkamp; P. Mulder; G.J. Bauhuis; E. Vlieg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Formation of $??$ atoms in $K_{?4} decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the decay rate of $\\pi\\mu$ atom formation in $K_{\\mu 4}$ decay. Using the obtained expressions we calculate the decay rate of atom formation and point out that considered decay can give a noticeable contribution as a background to the fundamental decay $K^+\\to \\pi^+\

S. R. Gevorkyan; A. V. Tarasov; O. O. Voskresenskaya

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Brookhaven Lecture Series | Home  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Next Brookhaven Lecture Next Brookhaven Lecture JAN 22 Wednesday Brookhaven Lecture "491st Brookhaven Lecture: Juergen Thieme of Photon Sciences Directorate" Presented by Juergen Thieme, Brookhaven Lab's Photon Sciences Directorate 4 pm, Berkner Hall Auditorium Wednesday, January 22, 2014, 4:00 pm Hosted by: Allen Orville Refreshments will be served before and after the lecture. Brookhaven Lectures are free and open to the Public. Visitors to the Laboratory age 16 and older must bring photo ID. About the Brookhaven Lecture Series Gertrude Scharff-Goldhaber Gertrude Scharff-Goldhaber The Brookhaven Lectures, held by and for the Brookhaven staff, are meant to provide an intellectual meeting ground for all scientists of the Laboratory. In this role they serve a double purpose: they are to acquaint

80

Branching Fraction Measurement of B to omega l nu decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the B{sup +} {yields} {omega}{ell}{sup +}{nu} branching fraction based on a sample of 467 million B{bar B} pairs recorded by the BABAR detector at the SLAC PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} collider. We observe 1041 {+-} 133 signal decays, corresponding to a branching fraction of {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} {omega}{ell}{sup +}{nu}) = (1.15 {+-} 0.15 {+-} 0.12) x 10{sup -4}, where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic. The dependence of the decay rate on q{sup 2}, the momentum transfer squared to the lepton system, is compared to QCD predictions of the form factors based on a quark model and light-cone sum rules.

Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Palano, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T.S.; McKenna, J.A.; So, R.Y.; /British Columbia U.; Khan, A.; /Brunel U.; Blinov, V.E.; /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U., Comp. Sci. Dept. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U.; /more authors..

2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Precision measurement of the $D^{*0}$ decay branching fractions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using 482 pb$^{-1}$ of data taken at $\\sqrt{s}=4.009$ GeV, we measure the branching fractions of the decays of $D^{*0}$ into $D^0\\pi^0$ and $D^0\\gamma$ to be $\\BR(D^{*0} \\to D^0\\pi^0)=(65.5\\pm 0.8\\pm 0.5)%$ and $\\BR(D^{*0} \\to D^0\\gamma)=(34.5\\pm 0.8\\pm 0.5)%$ respectively, by assuming that the $D^{*0}$ decays only into these two modes. The ratio of the two branching fractions is $\\BR(D^{*0} \\to D^0\\pi^0)/\\BR(D^{*0} \\to D^0\\gamma) =1.90\\pm 0.07\\pm 0.05$, which is independent of the assumption made above. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second ones systematic. The precision is improved by a factor of three compared to the present world average values.

M. Ablikim; M. N. Achasov; X. C. Ai; O. Albayrak; M. Albrecht; D. J. Ambrose; A. Amoroso; F. F. An; Q. An; J. Z. Bai; R. Baldini Ferroli; Y. Ban; D. W. Bennett; J. V. Bennett; M. Bertani; D. Bettoni; J. M. Bian; F. Bianchi; E. Boger; O. Bondarenko; I. Boyko; R. A. Briere; H. Cai; X. Cai; O. Cakir; A. Calcaterra; G. F. Cao; S. A. Cetin; J. F. Chang; G. Chelkov; G. Chen; H. S. Chen; H. Y. Chen; J. C. Chen; M. L. Chen; S. J. Chen; X. Chen; X. R. Chen; Y. B. Chen; H. P. Cheng; X. K. Chu; G. Cibinetto; D. Cronin-Hennessy; H. L. Dai; J. P. Dai; A. Dbeyssi; D. Dedovich; Z. Y. Deng; A. Denig; I. Denysenko; M. Destefanis; F. De Mori; Y. Ding; C. Dong; J. Dong; L. Y. Dong; M. Y. Dong; S. X. Du; P. F. Duan; J. Z. Fan; J. Fang; S. S. Fang; X. Fang; Y. Fang; L. Fava; F. Feldbauer; G. Felici; C. Q. Feng; E. Fioravanti; M. Fritsch; C. D. Fu; Q. Gao; Y. Gao; I. Garzia; K. Goetzen; W. X. Gong; W. Gradl; M. Greco; M. H. Gu; Y. T. Gu; Y. H. Guan; A. Q. Guo; L. B. Guo; T. Guo; Y. Guo; Y. P. Guo; Z. Haddadi; A. Hafner; S. Han; Y. L. Han; F. A. Harris; K. L. He; Z. Y. He; T. Held; Y. K. Heng; Z. L. Hou; C. Hu; H. M. Hu; J. F. Hu; T. Hu; Y. Hu; G. M. Huang; G. S. Huang; H. P. Huang; J. S. Huang; X. T. Huang; Y. Huang; T. Hussain; Q. Ji; Q. P. Ji; X. B. Ji; X. L. Ji; L. L. Jiang; L. W. Jiang; X. S. Jiang; J. B. Jiao; Z. Jiao; D. P. Jin; S. Jin; T. Johansson; A. Julin; N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki; X. L. Kang; X. S. Kang; M. Kavatsyuk; B. C. Ke; R. Kliemt; B. Kloss; O. B. Kolcu; B. Kopf; M. Kornicer; W. Kuehn; A. Kupsc; W. Lai; J. S. Lange; M. Lara; P. Larin; C. H. Li; Cheng Li; D. M. Li; F. Li; G. Li; H. B. Li; J. C. Li; Jin Li; K. Li; K. Li; P. R. Li; T. Li; W. D. Li; W. G. Li; X. L. Li; X. M. Li; X. N. Li; X. Q. Li; Z. B. Li; H. Liang; Y. F. Liang; Y. T. Liang; G. R. Liao; D. X. Lin; B. J. Liu; C. L. Liu; C. X. Liu; F. H. Liu; Fang Liu; Feng Liu; H. B. Liu; H. H. Liu; H. H. Liu; H. M. Liu; J. Liu; J. P. Liu; J. Y. Liu; K. Liu; K. Y. Liu; L. D. Liu; P. L. Liu; Q. Liu; S. B. Liu; X. Liu; X. X. Liu; Y. B. Liu; Z. A. Liu; Zhiqiang Liu; Zhiqing Liu; H. Loehner; X. C. Lou; H. J. Lu; J. G. Lu; R. Q. Lu; Y. Lu; Y. P. Lu; C. L. Luo; M. X. Luo; T. Luo; X. L. Luo; M. Lv; X. R. Lyu; F. C. Ma; H. L. Ma; L. L. Ma; Q. M. Ma; S. Ma; T. Ma; X. N. Ma; X. Y. Ma; F. E. Maas; M. Maggiora; Q. A. Malik; Y. J. Mao; Z. P. Mao; S. Marcello; J. G. Messchendorp; J. Min; T. J. Min; R. E. Mitchell; X. H. Mo; Y. J. Mo; C. Morales Morales; K. Moriya; N. Yu. Muchnoi; H. Muramatsu; Y. Nefedov; F. Nerling; I. B. Nikolaev; Z. Ning; S. Nisar; S. L. Niu; X. Y. Niu; S. L. Olsen; Q. Ouyang; S. Pacetti; P. Patteri; M. Pelizaeus; H. P. Peng; K. Peters; J. L. Ping; R. G. Ping; R. Poling; Y. N. Pu; M. Qi; S. Qian; C. F. Qiao; L. Q. Qin; N. Qin; X. S. Qin; Y. Qin; Z. H. Qin; J. F. Qiu; K. H. Rashid; C. F. Redmer; H. L. Ren; M. Ripka; G. Rong; X. D. Ruan; V. Santoro; A. Sarantsev; M. Savrié; K. Schoenning; S. Schumann; W. Shan; M. Shao; C. P. Shen; P. X. Shen; X. Y. Shen; H. Y. Sheng; M. R. Shepherd; W. M. Song; X. Y. Song; S. Sosio; S. Spataro; B. Spruck; G. X. Sun; J. F. Sun; S. S. Sun; Y. J. Sun; Y. Z. Sun; Z. J. Sun; Z. T. Sun; C. J. Tang; X. Tang; I. Tapan; E. H. Thorndike; M. Tiemens; D. Toth; M. Ullrich; I. Uman; G. S. Varner; B. Wang; B. L. Wang; D. Wang; D. Y. Wang; K. Wang; L. L. Wang; L. S. Wang; M. Wang; P. Wang; P. L. Wang; Q. J. Wang; S. G. Wang; W. Wang; X. F. Wang; Y. D. Wang; Y. F. Wang; Y. Q. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. G. Wang; Z. H. Wang; Z. Y. Wang; T. Weber; D. H. Wei; J. B. Wei; P. Weidenkaff; S. P. Wen; U. Wiedner; M. Wolke; L. H. Wu; Z. Wu; L. G. Xia; Y. Xia; D. Xiao; Z. J. Xiao; Y. G. Xie; G. F. Xu; L. Xu; Q. J. Xu; Q. N. Xu; X. P. Xu; L. Yan; W. B. Yan; W. C. Yan; Y. H. Yan; H. X. Yang; L. Yang; Y. Yang; Y. X. Yang; H. Ye; M. Ye; M. H. Ye; J. H. Yin; B. X. Yu; C. X. Yu; H. W. Yu; J. S. Yu; C. Z. Yuan; W. L. Yuan; Y. Yuan; A. Yuncu; A. A. Zafar; A. Zallo; Y. Zeng; B. X. Zhang; B. Y. Zhang; C. Zhang; C. C. Zhang; D. H. Zhang; H. H. Zhang; H. Y. Zhang; J. J. Zhang; J. L. Zhang; J. Q. Zhang; J. W. Zhang; J. Y. Zhang; J. Z. Zhang; K. Zhang; L. Zhang; S. H. Zhang; X. Y. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Y. H. Zhang; Z. H. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; Z. Y. Zhang; G. Zhao; J. W. Zhao; J. Y. Zhao; J. Z. Zhao; Lei Zhao; Ling Zhao; M. G. Zhao; Q. Zhao; Q. W. Zhao; S. J. Zhao; T. C. Zhao; Y. B. Zhao; Z. G. Zhao; A. Zhemchugov; B. Zheng; J. P. Zheng; W. J. Zheng; Y. H. Zheng; B. Zhong; L. Zhou; Li Zhou; X. Zhou; X. K. Zhou; X. R. Zhou; X. Y. Zhou; K. Zhu; K. J. Zhu; S. Zhu; X. L. Zhu; Y. C. Zhu; Y. S. Zhu; Z. A. Zhu; J. Zhuang; B. S. Zou; J. H. Zou; for BESIII Collaboration

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

82

ATLAS sensitivity to Wtb anomalous couplings in top quark decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the sensitivity of the ATLAS experiment to Wtb anomalous couplings in top pair production with semileptonic decay, pp -> t tbar -> W+ b W- bbar, with one of the W bosons decaying leptonically and the other hadronically. Several observables are examined, including the W helicity fractions and new quantities recently introduced, such as the ratios of helicity fractions and some angular asymmetries defined in the W rest frame. The dependence on anomalous couplings of all these observables has been previously obtained. In this work we show that some of the new observables also have smaller systematic uncertainties than the helicity fractions, with a dependence on anomalous couplings similar or stronger than for helicity fractions. Consequently, their measurement can significantly improve the limits on anomalous couplings. Moreover, the most sensitive measurements can be combined. In this case, the precision achieved in the determination of Wtb anomalous couplings can be of a few percent in the semileptonic channel alone.

J. A. Aguilar-Saavedra; J. Carvalho; N. Castro; A. Onofre; F. Veloso

2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

83

Decay of Ar41  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A weak gamma ray has been found in the decay of Ar41 to K41. The energy of the gamma ray is 1.664±0.007 MeV; and its intensity, relative to that of the strong 1.293-MeV gamma ray, is (5±2)×10-4. It is concluded from the results of conincidence measurements that this gamma ray is the result of a beta-ray branch from Ar41 leading to an excited state in K41 at 1.664 MeV. The associated logft value is found to be 7.7±0.3. The spin and parity of the 1.664-MeV state in K41 are most probably 52+ or 72+.

William W. Pratt

1965-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

84

Radiative Decay of the Muon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The radiative decay of the muon, ?+?e++?+?e+?¯?, has been measured using muons from the Columbia University Nevis synchrocyclotron. The decay products e+ and ? were observed at relative angles near 180°, using scintillation counters and two 9-in.×10-in. NaI crystals, which enabled simultaneous measurement of the positron and ? energies. The pulses from the crystals were displayed on oscilloscopes and photographed, and the measured amplitudes of these pulses were calibrated using the positron spectrum of the nonradiative decay. The two-dimensional energy spectrum for positrons and ?'s was obtained for about 900 events, after subtraction of background. This spectrum and the measured rate, obtained by normalizing to the nonradiative decay, were compared with theoretical predictions for the radiative decay. The results were in good agreement with the theory, within statistics, for the case of pure V-A coupling.

E. Bogart; E. DiCapua; P. Némethy; A. Strelzoff

1967-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

85

Alternative systematic approaches to training  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This handbook is approved for use by all DOE Components and contractors. The handbook was prepared primarily for DOE nuclear facilities, but the information can be effectively used by any other type of facility. DOE nuclear, DOE non-nuclear, commercial nuclear reactor, fuel fabrication, chemical processing, or other types of facilities may also apply the principles of this approach and find it useful and applicable to local needs. The handbook provides DOE and contractor operating organizations with concepts and guidance regarding the use of alternative techniques to implement a systematic approach to training (SAT). The techniques described in this handbook are endorsed by DOE and use of the guidance in this handbook is appropriate for establishment of technical training programs at DOE nuclear facilities. The use of guidance on selection and implementation of appropriate training approaches after consideration of job complexity, the consequences of error based on risk/hazard potential, and available training media should result in effective and efficient training programs. The information presented in this handbook can be used to grade the level of effort and formality used in developing training programs.

Not Available

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Search for neutrinoless decays of the ? lepton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have searched for neutrinoless ? decays into three charged particles. Evidence of such decays would demonstrate nonconservation of lepton flavor and, in some cases, lepton number. We see no signal for any such neutrinoless ? decays and set upper...

Baringer, Philip S.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

A systematic review of security requirements engineering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most important aspects in the achievement of secure software systems in the software development process is what is known as Security Requirements Engineering. However, very few reviews focus on this theme in a systematic, thorough and unbiased ... Keywords: Requirements engineering, Secure development, Security, Security engineering, Security requirements, Security requirements engineering, Systematic review

Daniel Mellado; Carlos Blanco; Luis E. Sánchez; Eduardo Fernández-Medina

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Decay Energies of Gaseous Fission Products and their Daughters for A=88 to 93  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A systematic study of ?-decay energies has been made for mass-separated activities of Kr gaseous fission products and their daughters at the TRISTAN on-line separator facility at the Ames Laboratory research reactor. A well-type plastic scintillator was used in coincidence with a Ge(Li) ? detector to determine ?-group end-point energies and deduce Q values. The following ?-decay energies have been determined: Kr88, 2.93 ± 0.03 MeV; Rb88, 5.30 ± 0.06 MeV; Kr89, 4.93 ± 0.06 MeV; Kr90, 4.35 ± 0.05 MeV; Rb90, 6.32 ± 0.07 MeV; Kr91, 6.12 ± 0.07 MeV; Rb91, 5.68 ± 0.04 MeV; Kr92, 5.97 ± 0.08 MeV; Rb92, 7.58 ± 0.15 MeV; Sr92, 1.93 ± 0.03 MeV; Kr93, 8.3 ± 0.5 MeV; and Rb93, 7.23 ± 0.10 MeV. The decay energies are compared with previous measurements, systematics predictions, and two currently accepted mass relations. The energies are used to predict the ?-decay energies for 13 additional nuclei by means of systematics.

J. R. Clifford; W. L. Talbert; Jr.; F. K. Wohn; J. P. Adams; J. R. McConnell

1973-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

One hundred years ago: The birth of uranium-series science Gideon Henderson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an almost complete picture of the three naturally occurring decay series. This preface provides a brief this name was coined (by Marie Curie) and the phenonomen was initially termed "Becquerel" radiation, or "uranic" radiation. This discovery was pursued by Marie Curie who checked the radioactivity of many

Henderson, Gideon

90

Vus and neutron beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the effect of the recent change of $V_{\\rm us}$ by three standard deviations on the standard model predictions for neutron beta decay observables. We also discuss the effect the experimental error bars of $V_{\\rm us}$ have on such predictions. Refined precision tests of the standard model will be made by a combined effort to improve measurements in neutron beta decay and in strangeness-changing decays. By itself the former will yield very precise measurements of $V_{\\rm ud}$ and make also very precise predictions for $V_{\\rm us}$.

A. Garcia; G. Sanchez-Colon

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

91

Extension of Alpha- and Beta-Decay Systematics of Protactinium Isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

W„ Wayne Meinke and Glenn T. Seaborg January 30, 1950W. Wayne Ifeinke and Glenn T. Seaborg Radiation Laboratory

Meinke, W. Wayne; Seaborg, Glenn T.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Evaluated Decay Data for  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

06 06 Tl ANL/NDM-162 Nuclear Data and Measurements Series Nuclear Engineering Division Availability of This Report This report is available, at no cost, at http://www.osti.gov/bridge. It is also available on paper from the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, for a processing fee, from: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information P.O. Box 62 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0062 phone (865) 576-8401 fax (865) 576-5728 reports@adonis.osti.gov Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor UChicago Argonne, LLC, nor any of their employees or officers, makes any warranty, express

93

?-decay of the new isotope Po187: Probing prolate structures beyond the neutron mid-shell at N = 104  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The new neutron-deficient isotope Po187 has been identified in the complete fusion reaction Ti46+Sm144?Po187+3n at the velocity filter SHIP. Striking features of the Po187 ? decay are the strongly-hindered decay to the spherical ground state and unhindered decay to a surprisingly low-lying deformed excited state at 286 keV in the daughter nucleus Pb183. Based on the potential energy surface calculations, the Po187 ground state and the 286 keV excited state in Pb183 were interpreted as being of prolate origin. The systematic deviation of the ?-decay properties in the lightest odd-A Po isotopes relative to the smooth behavior in the even-A neighbors is discussed. Improved data for the decay of 187Bim,g were also obtained.

A. N. Andreyev; S. Antalic; D. Ackermann; S. Franchoo; F. P. Heßberger; S. Hofmann; M. Huyse; I. Kojouharov; B. Kindler; P. Kuusiniemi; S. R. Lesher; B. Lommel; R. Mann; G. Münzenberg; K. Nishio; R. D. Page; J. J. Ressler; B. Streicher; S. Saro; B. Sulignano; P. Van Duppen; D. Wiseman; R. Wyss

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

94

? decay of the very neutron-deficient isotopes 197–199Fr  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Decay properties of the very neutron-deficient isotopes 197–199Fr were studied at the velocity filter Separator for Heavy Ion reaction Products (SHIP) at GSI in Darmstadt. The isotopes were produced in the 2n–4n evaporation channels of the fusion-evaporation reaction 60Ni+141Pr ? 201Fr*. Improved ?-decay properties of 199Fr were determined and the possible existence of two ?-decaying states in this nucleus is discussed. For the isotope 198Fr a broad ?-decay energy distribution was detected in the range of (7470–7930) keV and two ?-decaying states were observed with half-lives of 1.1(7) and 15(3) ms. The new isotope 197Fr was identified based on the observation of one ?-decay chain yielding E?=7728(15) keV and T1/2=0.6?0.3+3.0 ms. The systematics of reduced ?-decay widths are presented for neutron-deficient francium, radon, and astatine isotopes.

Z. Kalaninová; A. N. Andreyev; S. Antalic; F. P. Heßberger; D. Ackermann; B. Andel; M. C. Drummond; S. Hofmann; M. Huyse; B. Kindler; J. F. W. Lane; V. Liberati; B. Lommel; R. D. Page; E. Rapisarda; K. Sandhu; Š. Šáro; A. Thornthwaite; P. Van Duppen

2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

95

Computer code for double beta decay QRPA based calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The Enriched Xenon Observatory for neutrinoless double beta decay (EXO) will search for the rare decays

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

96

How to Describe and Propagate Uncertainty When Processing Time Series: Metrological and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Aline Jaimes, Craig Tweedie, and Vladik Kreinovich Abstract Time series comes from measurements, and measurements are never abso- lutely accurate. Traditionally, when we deal with an individual measurement or with a sample of measurement results, we subdivide a measurement error into random and systematic components

Ward, Karen

97

CP violation in sbottom decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study CP asymmetries in two-body decays of bottom squarks into charginos and tops. These asymmetries probe the SUSY CP phases of the sbottom and the chargino sector in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. We identify the MSSM parameter space where the CP asymmetries are sizeable, and analyze the feasibility of their observation at the LHC. As a result, potentially detectable CP asymmetries in sbottom decays are found, which motivates further detailed experimental studies for probing the SUSY CP phases.

Frank F. Deppisch; Olaf Kittel

2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

98

Neutrinoless Double Beta-Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The neutrinoless double $\\beta$-decay of nuclei is reviewed. We discuss neutrino mixing and 3x3 PMNS neutrino mixing matrix. Basic theory of neutrinoless double $\\beta$-decay is presented in some details. Results of different calculations of nuclear matrix element are discussed. Experimental situation is considered. The Appendix is dedicated to E. Majorana (brief biography and his paper in which the theory of Majorana particles is given)

S. M. Bilenky

2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

99

Nuclear structure relevant to neutrinoless double beta decay candidate {sup 130}Te and other recent results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have undertaken a series of single-nucleon and pair transfer reaction measurements to help constrain calculations of the nuclear matrix elements for neutrinoless double beta decay. In this talk, a short overview of measurements relevant to the {sup 130}Te?{sup 130}Xe system is given. Brief mention is made of other recent and forthcoming results.

Kay, B. P. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois 60439 (United States)

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

100

IMPORTANCE OF NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY Abstract  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

number violation in nature and what is its magnitude. The neutrinoless double beta decay experiment can

U. Sarkar; Utpal Sarkar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Some applications of wavelets to time series data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stationary time series {Xt} is said to have long memory when long memory parameter d is between 0 and 0.5. Many methods of estimating long memory parameter based on its decay rate of autocorrelation or behavior of spectral density around zero have been....For consistency, some people consider the original dataXt asv0,t. Due to decimating property, we haveN/2j wavelet and scaling coefficients at levelj. The constraint on sample size, N = 2J can be relaxed by considering partial discrete wavelet transform. 2...

Jeong, Jae Sik

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

From the Heterogeneity Jungle to Systematic Benchmarking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the key challenges in the development of model transformations is the resolution of recurring semantic and syntactic heterogeneities. Thus, we provide a systematic classification of heterogeneities buil...

M. Wimmer; G. Kappel; A. Kusel; W. Retschitzegger…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Systematic Design Assessment Techniques for Solar Buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Design Assessment Techniques for Solar Buildings J. K. Page G. G. Rodgers C. G. Souster Solar building design involves the systematic study...energy supply and energy demand within buildings. Variations in weather exercise a dominant...

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Benchmarking of energy time series  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Benchmarking consists of the adjustment of time series data from one source in order to achieve agreement with similar data from a second source. The data from the latter source are referred to as the benchmark(s), and often differ in that they are observed at a lower frequency, represent a higher level of temporal aggregation, and/or are considered to be of greater accuracy. This report provides an extensive survey of benchmarking procedures which have appeared in the statistical literature, and reviews specific benchmarking procedures currently used by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The literature survey includes a technical summary of the major benchmarking methods and their statistical properties. Factors influencing the choice and application of particular techniques are described and the impact of benchmark accuracy is discussed. EIA applications and procedures are reviewed and evaluated for residential natural gas deliveries series and coal production series. It is found that the current method of adjusting the natural gas series is consistent with the behavior of the series and the methods used in obtaining the initial data. As a result, no change is recommended. For the coal production series, a staged approach based on a first differencing technique is recommended over the current procedure. A comparison of the adjustments produced by the two methods is made for the 1987 Indiana coal production series. 32 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Williamson, M.A.

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Experimental charmonium decay results from BES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on 14 million psi(2S) and 58 million J/psi events collected by the BESII detector, the leptonic decay of psi(2S) into $\\tau^+\\tau^-$, psi(2S) multi-body decays, chi_cJ decays, and J/psi hadronic decays are studied, and the branching fractions of these decays are reported. These results may shed light on the understanding of QCD.

Ping Rong-Gang; F. A. Harris; for BES collaboration

2007-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

106

Power Series Power series are one of the most useful type of series in analysis. For example,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 6 Power Series Power series are one of the most useful type of series in analysis functions (and many other less familiar functions). 6.1. Introduction A power series (centered at 0 coefficients. If all but finitely many of the an are zero, then the power series is a polynomial function

Hunter, John K.

107

Multiple-Isotope Comparison for Determining Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Mechanisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a technique for estimating the number of future neutrinoless double-beta decay results using several distinct nuclei to optimize the physics reach of upcoming experiments. We use presently available matrix element calculations and simulated sets of predicted neutrinoless double-beta decay measured rates in multiple isotopes to estimate the required precision and number of experiments to discern the underlying physics governing the mechanism of the process. Our results indicate that 3 (4) experimental results with total uncertainty (statistical, systematic, theoretical) of less than ~20% (~40%) can elucidate the underlying physics. If the theoretical (i.e. matrix element) uncertainty contribution is below ~18%, then 3-4 experimental results of ~20% precision (statistical and systematic) are required. These uncertainty goals can be taken as guidance for the upcoming theoretical and experimental programs.

V. M. Gehman; S. R. Elliott

2007-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

108

Energy Is Everywhere Webinar Series  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and two of its Federal partners, the U.S. Departments of Energy and Education, launched this series of webinars entitled “Energy Is...

109

Random time series in astronomy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Thomas J. Maccarone Random time series in astronomy Simon Vaughan e-mail: simon.vaughan@leicester.ac.uk X-ray and Observational Astronomy Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Solar Permitting & Inspection Webinar Series  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability U.S.A. and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, Inc. (IREC) present a series of three webinars on Solar Permitting & Inspection. As part of the U...

111

Castle series, 1954. Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CASTLE was an atmospheric nuclear weapons test series held in the Marshall Islands at Enewetak and Bikini atolls in 1954. This is a report of DOD peronnel in CASTLE with an emphasis on operations and radiological safety.

Martin, E.J.; Rowland, R.H.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Thermodynamics of decaying vacuum cosmologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermodynamic behavior of decaying vacuum cosmologies is investigated within a manifestly covariant formulation. Such a process corresponds to a continuous, irreversible energy flow from the vacuum component to the created matter constituents. It is shown that if the specific entropy per particle remains constant during the process, the equilibrium relations are preserved. In particular, if the vacuum decays into photons, the energy density ? and average number density of photons n scale with the temperature as ??T4 and n?T3. The temperature law is determined and a generalized Planckian-type form of the spectrum, which is preserved in the course of the evolution, is also proposed. Some consequences of these results for decaying vacuum FRW-type cosmologies as well as for models with "adiabatic" photon creation are discussed.

J. A. S. Lima

1996-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

Decay Properties of Pu235, Pu237, and a New Isotope Pu233  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electron-capture and alpha-decay properties of Pu237, Pu235, and the new isotope Pu233 have been measured. The over-all half-lives are 44±2 days for Pu237, 26±2 minutes for Pu235, and 20±2 minutes for Pu233. Two alpha groups, one of 5.65±0.02 Mev and one of 5.36±0.02 Mev, were detected in the decay of Pu237, one group of 5.85±0.02 Mev in the decay of Pu235, and one of 6.30±0.02 Mev in the decay of Pu233. The partial alpha half-lives corresponding to these alpha groups are, for Pu237, (1.7±0.4)×104 years and (4.6±0.6)×103 years, respectively; for Pu235, (1.7±0.4) years; and for Pu233, 11±4 days. On the basis of the experimental data it has been possible to calculate hindrance factors for the alpha decay and logft values for the electron-capture decay of the three isotopes and to correlate their properties with the alpha and electron-capture systematics.

T. Darrah Thomas, Robert Vandenbosch, Richard A. Glass, and Glenn T. Seaborg

1957-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

114

Current Algebras and Meson Decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By using quark-algebra equal-time commutation relations and a smooth pole-dominated form for the vector-vector-axial-vector vertex in the high-energy limit, one can describe the radiative decays of the vector mesons and the ??3? decay in excellent agreement with experimental data. It is shown, however, that if we exploit all equations this procedure gives, we get into contradictions. By introducing a non-smooth amplitude, the contradictions can be eliminated in such a way that the good predictions of the smooth case remain unaltered. The various aspects of the results are discussed.

Tibor Nagy

1970-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Jefferson Lab Science Series - Science Series Video Archive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science Series Video Archive Science Series Video Archive Couldn't make it to the last Science Series lecture? Did you like a lecture so much that you just had to see it again? Not to worry! Past lectures are now available on demand! The Higgs Boson and Our Life The Higgs Boson and Our Life On July 4th, 2012, the ATLAS and CMS experiments operating at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) announced the discovery of a new particle compatible with the Higgs boson (hunted for almost 50 years), which is a crucial piece for our understanding of fundamental physics and thus the structure and evolution of the universe. This lecture describes the unprecedented instruments and challenges that have allowed such an accomplishment, the meaning and relevance of this discovery to physics... April 30, 2013

116

Alternative Fuels Data Center: P-Series  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

P-Series to someone by P-Series to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: P-Series on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: P-Series on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: P-Series on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: P-Series on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: P-Series on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: P-Series on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biobutanol Drop-In Biofuels Methanol P-Series Renewable Natural Gas xTL Fuels P-Series P-Series fuels are blends of natural gas liquids (pentanes plus), ethanol, and methyltetrahydrofuran (MeTHF), a biomass co-solvent. P-Series fuels are clear, colorless, 89-93 octane, liquid blends used either alone or mixed with gasoline in any proportion in flexible fuel vehicles. These fuels are

117

Theoretical uncertainties in the nuclear matrix elements of neutrinoless double beta decay: The transition operator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We explore the theoretical uncertainties related to the transition operator of neutrinoless double-beta (0???) decay. The transition operator used in standard calculations is a product of one-body currents, that can be obtained phenomenologically as in Tomoda [1] or Šimkovic et al. [2]. However, corrections to the operator are hard to obtain in the phenomenological approach. Instead, we calculate the 0??? decay operator in the framework of chiral effective theory (EFT), which gives a systematic order-by-order expansion of the transition currents. At leading orders in chiral EFT we reproduce the standard one-body currents of Refs. [1] and [2]. Corrections appear as two-body (2b) currents predicted by chiral EFT. We compute the effects of the leading 2b currents to the nuclear matrix elements of 0??? decay for several transition candidates. The 2b current contributions are related to the quenching of Gamow-Teller transitions found in nuclear structure calculations.

Menéndez, Javier [Institut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64289 Darmstadt, Germany and ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany)

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

118

Interference Effects in Leptonic Decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is proven that in any leptonic decay experiment in which the lepton masses and charges may be neglected, and in which no pseudoscalar correlations are measured, all V·A interference terms will be antisymmetric under exchange of the two leptons, while the pure V and A terms will be symmetric. If the experiment measures a pseudoscalar correlation, these conclusions are reversed. Even if the lepton masses cannot be ignored (e.g., for ?0??-+?¯+p, or low-energy ? decay) it is still true that no V·A interference may appear when scalars are measured, and only V·A interference may contribute when pseudoscalars are measured, providing that the lepton spins and momenta are not directly observed. Thus experiments can be devised that involve no interference effects, or only interference effects. This theorem holds independently of the strangeness change, spin change, energy transfer, or of any particular assumptions about the form of the V and A currents. It proves most useful when it is difficult or tedious to calculate transition rates directly. Applications are discussed, including possible tests of the Feynman-Gell-Mann theory in nonunique forbidden ? decay, of the nature of the leptonic ?0 and K0 decay interaction, and of the charge symmetry properties of weak interactions.

Steven Weinberg

1959-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

119

?-Meson Decay into Three Electrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay ?-?e-+e-+e+ via internal conversion is computed using a phenomenological matrix element for the ?e? interaction. The result is compared with present experimental limits for this process and the results concerning the form factors in the matrix element are discussed. The energy distribution of the emitted electrons is also computed.

M. Bander and G. Feinberg

1960-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

120

Beta decay of Ga-62  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a study of the beta decay of Ga-62, whose dominant branch is a superallowed 0(+)-->0(+) transition to the ground state of Zn-62. We find the total half-life to be 115.84+/-0.25 ms. This is the first time that the Ga-62 half-life has been...

Hyman, BC; Iacob, VE; Azhari, A.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Hardy, John C.; Mayes, VE; Neilson, RG; Sanchez-Vega, M.; Tang, X.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Bragg scattering measurement of atmospheric plasma decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay processes of the plasma layers generated by two intersecting microwave pulses in 1 torr dry air are investigated by Bragg scattering method. The results of measurement show that the electrons decay i...

Y. S. Zhang; S. P. Kuo

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Causes and Control of Wood Decay,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Causes and Control of Wood Decay, Degradation & Stain #12;2 Contents Moisture .................................................................................3 Wood Degradation: Causes and Control..............................4 Weathering......................................................................................................4 Naturally Decay-resistant Species...........................................................5 Wood

123

Power spectra of fossil biodiversity time series: a connection with Galactic dynamics?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systematic error is a major issue in the quantitative analysis of fossil biodiversity data in paleontology. I present results of time series analysis of a new and expanded data set (the Paleobiology Database) controlled and corrected for systematic error, and find that periodicities at approximately 62 and 150 Myr reported from previous data emerge at higher significance than before. This provides increased confidence that the periodicities are not collection, sampling, or binning artifacts. Both of these timescales are interestingly close to dynamical timescales of Solar motion in the Milky Way galaxy.

Melott, Adrian L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

NEUTRINOLESS DOUBLE BETA DECAY AND ITS “INVERSE”  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

subsequently published arguments, non-observation of neutrinoless double beta decay has, to date, no bearing on

Clemens A. Heusch; Peter Minkowski

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and CP Violation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

neutrinoless double beta decay in the case of two neutrino generations (or when the third generation leptons do

Patrick J. O’donnell; Utpal Sarkar

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Decays of near BPS heterotic strings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay of highly excited massive string states in compactified heterotic string theories is discussed. We calculate the decay rate and spectrum of states carrying momentum and winding in the compactified direction. The longest lived states in the spectrum are near Bogomol’nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) states whose decay is dominated by a single decay channel of massless radiation which brings the state closer to being BPS.

Michael Gutperle and Darya Krym

2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

127

Thermodynamical identities---a systematic approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a systematic approach to thermodynamical identities and illustrate the power of these methods by displaying Mathematica notebooks to deal with a large variety of such identities. In concrete examples these can involve rather tedious, not to way impossible, computations when done by hand.

J. B. Cooper

2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

128

Systematic Approach for Decommissioning Planning and Estimating  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear facility decommissioning, satisfactorily completed at the lowest cost, relies on a systematic approach to the planning, estimating, and documenting the work. High quality information is needed to properly perform the planning and estimating. A systematic approach to collecting and maintaining the needed information is recommended using a knowledgebase system for information management. A systematic approach is also recommended to develop the decommissioning plan, cost estimate and schedule. A probabilistic project cost and schedule risk analysis is included as part of the planning process. The entire effort is performed by a experienced team of decommissioning planners, cost estimators, schedulers, and facility knowledgeable owner representatives. The plant data, work plans, cost and schedule are entered into a knowledgebase. This systematic approach has been used successfully for decommissioning planning and cost estimating for a commercial nuclear power plant. Elements of this approach have been used for numerous cost estimates and estimate reviews. The plan and estimate in the knowledgebase should be a living document, updated periodically, to support decommissioning fund provisioning, with the plan ready for use when the need arises.

Dam, A. S.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

129

Systematic sampling with errors in sample locations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......truncation points 0 and 2 and standard deviation = 0 05 (middle...distributed with density h. Standard renewal theory yields...systematic sampling: a review of Matheron's transitive...Trans. Inst. Econ. Mining 59, 147. GUAL-ARNAU...methods. J. Statist. Plan. Infer. 77, 263279......

Johanna Ziegel; Adrian Baddeley; Karl-Anton Dorph-Petersen; Eva B. Vedel Jensen

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Imperfect World of $??$-decay Nuclear Data Sets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The precision of double-beta ($\\beta\\beta$) decay experimental half lives and their uncertainties is reanalyzed. The method of Benford's distributions has been applied to nuclear reaction, structure and decay data sets. First-digit distribution trend for $\\beta\\beta$-decay T$_{1/2}^{2\

B. Pritychenko

2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

131

Double beta decay: experiments and theory review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the most powerful tools to set the neutrino mass absolute scale and establish whether the neutrino is a Majorana particle. After a summary of the neutrinoless double beta decay phenomenology, the present status of the experimental search for this rare decay is reported and the prospects for next generation experiments are reviewed.

A. Nucciotti

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

132

A First Look at Tree Decay An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A First Look at Tree Decay An Introduction to How Injury and Decay Affect Trees by Kevin T. Smith Look at Tree Decay Photosynthesis and decay are the two most essential processes in nature. Photosynthesis by green plants captures and stores energy from the sun. This energy is used to form wood

133

Measurement of CP observables in B+- --> D_CP K+- decays and constraints on the CKM angle gamma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the entire sample of 467 million Y(4S) --> BBbar decays collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B factory at SLAC, we perform a "GLW" analysis of B+- --> D K+- decays, using decay modes in which the neutral D meson decays to either CP-eigenstates or non-CP-eigenstates. We measure the partial decay rate charge asymmetries for CP-even and CP-odd D final states to be A_CP+ = 0.25+-0.06+-0.02 and A_CP- = -0.09+-0.07+-0.02, respectively, where the first error is the statistical and the second is the systematic uncertainty. The parameter A_CP+ is different from zero with a significance of 3.6 standard deviations, constituting evidence for direct CP violation. We also measure the ratios of the charged-averaged B partial decay rates in CP and non-CP decays, R_CP+ = 1.18+-0.09+-0.05 and R_CP- = 1.07+-0.08+-0.04. We infer frequentist confidence intervals for the angle gamma of the (db) unitarity triangle, for the strong phase difference delta_B, and for the amplitude ratio r_B, which are related to the B- --> DK- decay amplitude by r_Be^{i(delta_B-gamma)} = A(B- --> anti-D0 K^-)/A(B- --> D0 K-). Including statistical and systematic uncertainties, we obtain 0.24

The BABAR Collaboration; P. del Amo Sanchez

2010-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

134

Graduate School Grant Workshop Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graduate School Grant Workshop Series Fall 2012 Quantitative Social Sciences #12;Overview Brief Review from Intro Workshop Goals for This Workshop Steps to Successful Grant Writing The "Writing" Part of Grant Writing Climate for Funding of Social Sciences Research Resources Tips Next Steps #12

Omiecinski, Curtis

135

2013-2014Series Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................................................... 4 EE 101 Creativity and Design in Electrical and Computer Engineering or CS 100 The Computer Science2013-2014Series College of Engineering University of Kentucky is accredited by the Southern of Kentucky. ComputerEngineering Computer engineering involves modeling, design, implementation, testing

Hayes, Jane E.

136

2012-2013 Series Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................................................... 4 EE 101 Creativity and Design in Electrical and Computer Engineering or CS 100 The Computer Science2012-2013 Series College of Engineering University of Kentucky is accredited by the Southern of Kentucky. ComputerEngineering Computer engineering involves modeling, design, implementation, testing

Hayes, Jane E.

137

2014-2015Series Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

................................................................................................... 4 EE 101 Creativity and Design in Electrical and Computer Engineering (fulfills the UK Core Arts2014-2015Series College of Engineering University of Kentucky is accredited by the Southern of Kentucky. ComputerEngineering Computer engineering involves modeling, design, implementation, testing

MacAdam, Keith

138

2014-2015Series Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the College of Engineering. Freshman Year First Semester Hours EE 101 Creativity and Design in Electrical2014-2015Series College of Engineering University of Kentucky is accredited by the Southern of Kentucky. Electrical Engineering The undergraduate electrical engineering degree program seeks to produce

MacAdam, Keith

139

2012-2013 Series Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................................................... 4 EE 101 Creativity and Design in Electrical and Computer Engineering or CS 100 The Computer Science2012-2013 Series College of Engineering University of Kentucky is accredited by the Southern://www.sacscoc.org for questions about the accreditation of University of Kentucky. ComputerEngineering Computer engineering

Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

140

Mechanical Engineering Department Seminar Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical Engineering Department Seminar Series Rational Mechanics of Viral Shells: Is Continuum Theory a Stretch? William S. Klug Associate Professor, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, University-assembly. The capacity of these shells to respond structurally and mechanically to physical and chemical stimuli also

Eustice, Ryan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Geochemistry and U-Series Geochronology of Hydrothermal and Hydroqenous Metal-Rich Deposits From the Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Region of the Gorda Ridge Introduction The assignment of absolute ages to geologic materials is of paramount importance in the study of geology and geologic processes. Radiometric dating techniques exploiting disequilibria in the uranium and thoriurn-series decay chains have been used to deterrnine the age

Luther, Douglas S.

142

Progress report on the Los Alamos tritium beta decay experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements near the endpoint of the tritium beta-decay spectrum using a gaseous molecular tritium source yield an essentially model-independent upper limit of 27 eV on the /ovr ..nu..//sub e/ mass at the 95% confidence level. Since demonstrating from this initial measurement the successful operation of a gaseous source based system, most of our effort has been concentrated towards the upgrade and optimization of the experimental apparatus. The emphasis of this work has been to eliminate or further reduce effects that generate systematic errors. Based on realistic projections from our initial measurement, an ultimate sensitivity to neutrino mass of 10 eV is expected. 12 refs., 1 fig.

Wilkerson, J.F.; Bowles, T.J.; Knapp, D.A.; Robertson, R.G.H.; Wark, D.L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

? decay of 223Fr: Level structure of 219At  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ? decay of ? recoil collected sources of 223Fr was studied using a purified 227Ac source. Five ? groups were observed whereas previously only one was reported. Multipolarities and energies of the ? transitions between the 219At levels were observed for the first time which allowed spins and parities to be assigned to the levels. The systematics of the levels of 215At, 217At, and 219At show a strong similarity, but with decreasing level energies with increasing mass. The levels in 219At are interpreted in terms of the shell model configurations ?(h9/2)3?(g9/2)-2 and ?(h9/2)2f7/2?(g9/2)-2. Although there is no evidence of parity doublets in 215At, 217At, and 219At, some of their configurations are shown to be very closely related to the quadrupole-octupole deformed ground states of 219Fr, 221Fr, and 223Fr, respectively.

C. F. Liang; P. Paris; R. K. Sheline

2001-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

144

Multichannel Quantum Defect Theory of Strontium Rydberg Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the reactance matrix approach, we systematically develop new multichannel quantum defect theory models for the singlet and triplet S, P, D and F states of strontium based on improved energy level measurements. The new models reveal additional insights into the character of doubly excited perturber states, and the improved energy level measurements for certain series allow fine structure to be resolved for those series' perturbers. Comparison between the predictions of the new models and those of previous empirical and \\emph{ab initio} studies reveals good agreement with most series, however some discrepancies are highlighted. Using the multichannel quantum defect theory wave functions derived from our models we calculate other observables such as Land\\'e $g_J$-factors and radiative lifetimes. The analysis reveals the impact of perturbers on the Rydberg state properties of divalent atoms, highlighting the importance of including two-electron effects in the calculations of these properties. The work enables future investigations of properties such as Stark maps and long-range interactions of Rydberg states of strontium.

C L Vaillant; M P A Jones; R M Potvliege

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

145

CP-violation in $b \\to s$ Penguin Decays at BaBar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the new and updated $BABAR$ measurements of CP-violation studies for many $b\\to s $ penguin decay modes. We report the first observation of mixing-induced CP-violation in $B^0 \\to \\eta ^{'} K^0$ with a significance (including systematic uncertainties) of 5.5$\\sigma$. We also present the first observation of the decay $B^0 \\to \\rho ^0 K^0$. Using the time-dependent Dalitz plot analysis of $B^0\\to K^+K^- K^0$ decay, the CP-parameters $\\mathcal A_{CP}$ and $\\beta_{eff}$ are measured with $4.8\\sigma$ significance, and we reject the solution near $\\pi /2 - \\beta_{eff}$ at $4.5\\sigma$. We also present the updated measurements of CP-violating parameters for $B^0 \\to K_S^0 \\pi ^0$, $K_S^0K_S^0K_S^0$ and $\\pi ^0 \\pi ^0 K_S^0$ decays. An updated measurements of the CP-violating charge asymmetries for $B^{\\pm}\\to \\eta ^{'} K^{\\pm}$, $\\eta K^{\\pm}$, $\\omega K^{\\pm}$ decays are also presented. The measurements are based on the data sample recorded at the $\\Upsilon (4S)$ resonance with $BABAR$ detector at the PEP-II $B$-meson Factory at SLAC.

BaBar Collaboration; Nitesh Soni

2007-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

146

Beta processes in a high-temperature field and nuclear multibeta decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sources of the temperature dependence of rates of nuclear beta processes in matter of massive stars are systematized. Electron and positron beta decays and electron capture (K capture and the capture of unbound electrons) fromexcited nuclear states (thermal decays) are considered along with the photobeta decays from ground and excited nuclear states. The possible quantum degeneracy of an electron gas in matter and the degree of ionization of an atomic K shell in a high-temperature field are taken into account. For a number of multidecay odd-nuclei, the temperature dependences of the ratios of the total rates of their {beta}{sup -} decays to the sum of the total rates over all of decay modes for the same nuclei are calculated in the range of nuclear temperature from 2 to 3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} K. It is shown that the deviation of this ratio from the experimental value obtained at 'normal' temperature may be quite sizable. This circumstance should be taken into account in models that consider the problem of synthesis of nuclei in matter of massive stars.

Kopytin, I. V., E-mail: kopytin@yandex.ru; Hussain, Imad A. [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)] [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Argonne CNM: 2012 Colloquium Series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 Colloquium Series 2 Colloquium Series 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | Date Title Special Colloquium December 13, 2012 "Pathways to Complex Matter Far-Away-From Equilibrium: Developing Spatiotemporal Tools," by Gopal Shenoy, Argonne National Laboratory, hostged by Daniel Lopez Abstract: From the Big Bang to the coming of humankind, every manifestation of nature has exhibited processes far-away-from equilibrium leading to increasingly complex structural orders from geological to atomic length and time scales. Examples include the evolution of galaxies, hurricanes, stars, and planets; prebiotic reactions; cyclical reactions; photosynthesis; and life itself. The organizational spatiotemporal evolution in soft, hard, and biological matter also follows the same path. It begins from a far-from-equilibrium state and develops over time into organizations with length scales between atoms and small molecules on the one hand and mesoscopic matter on the other.

148

Argonne CNM: 2011 Colloquium Series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 Colloquium Series 1 Colloquium Series 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | Date Title December 21, 2011 "Film Thickness and Elastic Strain Measurements on Silicon-on-Insulator Thin Films," I. Cevdet Noyan, Columbia University, hosted by Jorg Maser Abstract: Silicon-on-insulator (SOI) composites consist of two semiconductor-grade silicon layers bonded to each other via a SiO2 interface. One of these silicon layers is quite thin; it is possible to get thicknesses between 5 and 150 nm. Since this value is much thinner than the extinction distance of X-rays in silicon for commonly used energies, this layer diffracts in the kinematical mode. The second layer is much thicker, around 700 micrometers, and diffracts in the dynamical mode. Both layers can be considered almost perfect, with negligible mosaic structures and no dislocations.

149

Argonne CNM: 2010 Colloquium Series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0 Colloquium Series 0 Colloquium Series 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | Date Title November 10, 2010 "Anisotropic Semiconductor Nanocrystal Synthesis and Chemical and Biological Functionalization," Preston T. Snee, University of Illinois - Chicago, hosted by Richard Schaller Abstract: Semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs, or quantum dots) are very bright chromophores that possess significant potential in alternative energy generation and for biological sensing and imaging applications. Our group has made significant advances in the synthesis of rods and multi-pods of near-infrared emitting PbSe NCs through a previously unobserved mechanism. Characterization of anisotropic PbSe NCs show that they have much more robust chemical properties compared to cubic or "dot"-shaped NCs.

150

Argonne CNM: 2013 Colloquium Series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 Colloquium Series 3 Colloquium Series 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | Date Title December 18, 2013 "Monodisperse Carbon Nanomaterial Heterostructures," by Mark Hersam, Northwestern University, hosted by Tijana Rajh Abstract: Improvements in carbon nanomaterial monodispersity have yielded corresponding enhancements in the performance of electronic, optoelectronic, sensing, and energy technologies. However, in all of these cases, carbon nanomaterials are just one of many materials employed, suggesting that further device improvements can be achieved by focusing on the integration of disparate nanomaterials into heterostructures with well-defined interfaces. For example, organic self-assembled monolayers on graphene act as effective seeding layers for atomic layer deposited (ALD) dielectrics, resulting in metal-oxide-graphene capacitors with wafer-scale reliability and uniformity comparable to ALD dielectrics on silicon.

151

Energy 101 Dialogue Series Downloads  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy 101 dialogue series goals are to identify best practices surrounding teaching energy in the post-secondary setting, to amplify those best practices, and to support the creation of a community of practice of energy education experts. The first dialogue concentrated on issues surrounding teaching energy fundamentals in the classroom within the first two years of post-secondary education and featured presentations from energy education subject matter experts and instructors with experience teaching fundamentals of energy courses.

152

Summer Series 2012 - Shashi Buluswar  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The last installment of the "Summer Series of Conversations" took place Wednesday, August 1, with guest Shashi Buluswar, the executive director of the LBNL Institute for Globally Transformative Technologies (LIGTT). The Institute seeks to foster the discovery, development and deployment of a generation of low-carbon, affordable technologies that will advance sustainable methods to fight global poverty. The event, was hosted by Public Affairs Head Jeff Miller.

Shashi Buluswar

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

153

Summer Series 2012 - Shashi Buluswar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The last installment of the "Summer Series of Conversations" took place Wednesday, August 1, with guest Shashi Buluswar, the executive director of the LBNL Institute for Globally Transformative Technologies (LIGTT). The Institute seeks to foster the discovery, development and deployment of a generation of low-carbon, affordable technologies that will advance sustainable methods to fight global poverty. The event, was hosted by Public Affairs Head Jeff Miller.

Shashi Buluswar

2012-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

154

Treatment of acute gout: A systematic review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractObjective Acute gout is traditionally treated with NSAIDs, corticosteroids, and colchicine; however, subjects have multiple comorbidities that limit the use of some conventional therapies. We systematically reviewed the published data on the pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic agents used for the treatment of acute gouty arthritis. Methods A systematic search was performed using PubMed and Cochrane database through May 2013. We included only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that included NSAIDs, corticosteroids, colchicine, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), interleukin-1 (IL-1) inhibitors, topical ice, or herbal supplements. Results Thirty articles were selected for systematic review. The results show that \\{NSAIDs\\} and COX-2 inhibitors are effective agents for the treatment of acute gout attacks. Systemic corticosteroids have similar efficacy to therapeutic doses of NSAIDs, with studies supporting oral and intramuscular use. ACTH is suggested to be efficacious in acute gout. Oral colchicine demonstrated to be effective, with low-dose colchicine demonstrating a comparable tolerability profile as placebo and a significantly lower side effect profile to high-dose colchicine. The IL-1? inhibitory antibody, canakinumab, was effective for the treatment of acute attacks in subjects refractory to and in those with contraindications to \\{NSAIDs\\} and/or colchicine. However, rilonacept was demonstrated to be not as effective, and there are no \\{RCTs\\} for the use of anakinra. Conclusion NSAIDs, COX-2 selective inhibitors, corticosteroids, colchicine, ACTH, and canakinumab have evidence to suggest efficacy in treatment of acute gout.

Puja P. Khanna; Heather S. Gladue; Manjit K. Singh; John D. FitzGerald; Sangmee Bae; Shraddha Prakash; Marian Kaldas; Maneesh Gogia; Veronica Berrocal; Whitney Townsend; Robert Terkeltaub; Dinesh Khanna

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Resumming the string perturbation series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the AdS/CFT correspondence to study the resummation of a perturbative genus expansion appearing in the type II superstring dual of ABJM theory. Although the series is Borel summable, its Borel resummation does not agree with the exact non-perturbative answer due to the presence of complex instantons. The same type of behavior appears in the WKB quantization of the quartic oscillator in Quantum Mechanics, which we analyze in detail as a toy model for the string perturbation series. We conclude that, in these examples, Borel summability is not enough for extracting non-perturbative information, due to non-perturbative effects associated to complex instantons. We also analyze the resummation of the genus expansion for topological string theory on local $\\mathbb P^1 \\times \\mathbb P^1$, which is closely related to ABJM theory. In this case, the non-perturbative answer involves membrane instantons computed by the refined topological string, which are crucial to produce a well-defined result. We give evidence that the Borel resummation of the perturbative series requires such a non-perturbative sector.

Alba Grassi; Marcos Marino; Szabolcs Zakany

2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

156

Resumming the string perturbation series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the AdS/CFT correspondence to study the resummation of a perturbative genus expansion appearing in the type II superstring dual of ABJM theory. Although the series is Borel summable, its Borel resummation does not agree with the exact non-perturbative answer due to the presence of complex instantons. The same type of behavior appears in the WKB quantization of the quartic oscillator in Quantum Mechanics, which we analyze in detail as a toy model for the string perturbation series. We conclude that Borel summability is not enough for extracting non-perturbative information, and one has to add explicit non-perturbative effects associated to complex instantons. We also analyze the resummation of the genus expansion for topological string theory on local P1xP1, which is closely related to ABJM theory. In this case, the non-perturbative answer involves membrane instantons computed by the refined topological string, which are crucial to produce a well-defined result. We give evidence that the Borel resummation of the perturbative series requires such a non-perturbative sector.

Alba Grassi; Marcos Marino; Szabolcs Zakany

2014-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

157

Quarkonium momentum distributions in photoproduction and B decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to our present understanding many J/? production processes proceed through a colored cc¯ state followed by the emission of soft particles in the quarkonium rest frame. The kinematic effect of soft particle emission is usually a higher-order effect in the non-relativistic expansion, but becomes important near the kinematic end point of quarkonium energy (momentum) distributions. In an intermediate region a systematic resummation of the non-relativistic expansion leads to the introduction of so-called “shape functions.” In this paper we provide an implementation of the kinematic effect of soft gluon emission which is consistent with the non-relativistic shape function formalism in the region where it is applicable and which models the extreme end point region. We then apply the model to photoproduction of J/? and J/? production in B meson decay. A satisfactory description of B decay data is obtained. For inelastic charmonium photoproduction we conclude that a sensible comparison of theory with data requires a transverse momentum cut larger than the currently used 1 GeV.

M. Beneke; G. A. Schuler; S. Wolf

2000-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

158

Isolating the decay rate of cosmological gravitational potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The decay rate of cosmological gravitational potential measures the deviation from Einstein-de Sitter universe and can put strong constraints on the nature of dark energy and gravity. Usual method to measure this decay rate is through the integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) effect-large scale structure (LSS) cross correlation. However, the interpretation of the measured correlation signal is complicated by the galaxy bias and matter power spectrum. This could bias and/or degrade its constraints to the nature of dark energy and gravity. But, combining the lensing-LSS cross correlation measurements, the decay rate of gravitational potential can be isolated. For any given narrow redshift bin of LSS, the ratio of the two cross correlations directly measures $[d\\ln D_{\\phi}/d\\ln a]H(z)/W(\\chi,\\chi_s)$, where $D_{\\phi}$ is the linear growth factor of the gravitational potential, $H$ is the Hubble constant at redshift $z$, $W(\\chi,\\chi_s)$ is the lensing kernel and $\\chi$ and $\\chi_s$ are the comoving angular diameter distance to lens and source, respectively. This method is optimal in the sense that (1) the measured quantity is essentially free of systematic errors and is only limited by cosmic variance and (2) the measured quantity only depends on several cosmological parameters and can be predicted from first principles unambiguously. Though fundamentally limited by inevitably large cosmic variance associated with the ISW measurements, it can still put useful independent constraints on the amount of dark energy and its equation of state. It can also provide a powerful test of modified gravity and can distinguish the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model from $\\Lambda$CDM at $>2.5\\sigma$ confidence level.

Pengjie Zhang

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

159

Neutrino mass spectrum and neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relations between the effective Majorana mass of the electron neutrino, $m_{ee}$, responsible for neutrinoless double beta decay, and the neutrino oscillation parameters are considered. We show that for any specific oscillation pattern $m_{ee}$ can take any value (from zero to the existing upper bound) for normal mass hierarchy and it can have a minimum for inverse hierarchy. This means that oscillation experiments cannot fix in general $m_{ee}$. Mass ranges for $m_{ee}$ can be predicted in terms of oscillation parameters with additional assumptions about the level of degeneracy and the type of hierarchy of the neutrino mass spectrum. These predictions for $m_{ee}$ are systematically studied in the specific schemes of neutrino mass and flavor which explain the solar and atmospheric neutrino data. The contributions from individual mass eigenstates in terms of oscillation parameters have been quantified. We study the dependence of $m_{ee}$ on the non-oscillation parameters: the overall scale of the neutrino mass and the relative mass phases. We analyze how forthcoming oscillation experiments will improve the predictions for $m_{ee}$. On the basis of these studies we evaluate the discovery potential of future \\znbb decay searches. The role \\znbb decay searches will play in the reconstruction of the neutrino mass spectrum is clarified. The key scales of $m_{ee}$, which will lead to the discrimination among various schemes are: $m_{ee} \\sim 0.1$ eV and $m_{ee} \\sim 0.005$ eV.

H. V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus; H. Päs; A. Y. Smirnov

2000-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

160

MTL ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT 2014 MTL Seminar Series 217 MTL Seminar Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MTL ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT 2014 MTL Seminar Series 217 MTL Seminar Series MTL hosts a series. Commercialization of a MEMS Solid Oxide Fuel Cell · April 2, 2014 Zachary J. Lemnios, IBM IBM: Leading the Next Era

Reif, Rafael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Identification and correction of systematic error in NOAA AVHRR long-term satellite data record  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Systematic error in long-term satellite data records resulting from inter-sensor differences or other persistent influences such as satellite orbital drift can greatly affect the use of these data to monitor land surface dynamics and trends. In this research an identification and correction procedure for systematic error is developed and used to evaluate the NOAA AVHRR long-term satellite data record produced by the Canada Center for Remote Sensing (CCRS). The record is composed of observations acquired by seven AVHRR sensors during the period 1985–2011. It includes two types of AVHRR sensor: AVHHR-2 flown onboard NOAA-9, -11, and ?14, and AVHRR-3 onboard NOAA-16, -17, -18 and ?19. Systematic error between sensors was identified through evaluation of synchronized nadir overpass (SNO) observations. The first order systematic error correction was derived from SNO comparison and then further optimized using a reference calibration target. Examination showed considerable difference between AVHRR-2 and AVHRR-3 measurements, which are largely attributed to differences in sensor design characteristics, uncertainty in sensor radiometric calibration, and imperfections in data processing. The results also show overall higher consistency between data from missions with AVHRR-3 than with AVHRR-2 sensors. The developed approach for correction of systematic error in time series was validated based on statistical analysis of eight independent pseudo-invariant targets not used for the initial correction development. Trends in these targets largely caused by the difference between AVHRR-2 and ?3 sensors are shown to be removed or reduced after the correction was applied.

Rasim Latifovic; Darren Pouliot; Craig Dillabaugh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Z decay confronts nonstandard scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that recent data from the CERN e+e- collider LEP on the Z line shape and decays give stringent new constraints on mixing of e and ? with exotics and Z-Z’ mixing. Even in nonstandard models, where both the visible and the invisible part of the Z width are modified, a fourth light neutrino is unlikely unless substantial mixings between neutrinos and exotics are allowed. If the gluino is detectable at the Fermilab Tevatron then the lighter-chargino mass is tightly constrained (>42 GeV).

Gautam Bhattacharyya; Amitava Raychaudhuri; Amitava Datta; S. N. Ganguli

1990-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

163

Nonspectator contributions to inclusive charmless B decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The light quarks inside B mesons are usually treated as spectators and do not affect the decay rates which are assumed to be purely due to b quark decays. In this paper we calculate the nonspectator contributions to inclusive charmless B decays due to the spectator effects. We find that the nonspectator contributions to the branching ratio for B0 are small (<2×10-4), but the contributions to ?S=0 and ?S=-1, B- decay branching ratios can be as large as -7.5×10-4 and 2×10-3, and can modify the main three-body spectator b decay branching ratios by 10% and 20%, respectively. These contributions may play an important role in rare charmless B decays.

Wu-Sheng Dai; Xiao-Gang He; Xue-Qian Li; Gang Zhao

1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

164

Charged track multiplicity in B meson decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have used the CLEO II detector to study the multiplicity of charged particles in the decays of B mesons produced at the ?(4S) resonance. Using a sample of 1.5×106 B meson pairs, we find the mean inclusive charged particle multiplicity to be 10.71±0.02-0.15+0.21 for the decay of the pair. This corresponds to a mean multiplicity of 5.36±0.01-0.08+0.11 for a single B meson. Using the same data sample, we have also extracted the mean multiplicities in semileptonic and nonleptonic decays. We measure a mean of 7.82±0.05-0.19+0.21 charged particles per BB¯ decay when both mesons decay semileptonically. When neither B meson decays semileptonically, we measure a mean charged particle multiplicity of 11.62±0.04-0.18+0.24 per BB¯ pair.

G. Brandenburg et al. (CLEO Collaboration)

2000-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

165

Summing Finite Series?A Hybrid Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Finite Series-A Hybrid Approach OLIVER ANDERSON AFIMA Department of Management Science, Pennsylvania State...Series--A Hybrid Approach OLIVER ANDERSON, AFIMA Department of Management Science, Pennsylvania State......

OLIVER ANDERSON

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

TDS3000C Series Digital Phosphor Oscilloscopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

xx TDS3000C Series Digital Phosphor Oscilloscopes ZZZ User Manual *P071230802* 071-2308-02 #12;#12;TDS3000C Series Digital Phosphor Oscilloscopes ZZZ User Manual xx www.tektronix.com 071-2308-02 #12

Kleinfeld, David

167

Time series anomaly detection using recessive subsequence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time series arise frequently in many sciences and engineering application, including finance, digital audio, motion capture, network security, and transportation. In this work, we propose a technique for discovering anomalies in time series that takes ...

Yonchanok Khaokaew; Sirikarn Pukkawanna

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

??? Decay Mode of Neutral K Mesons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay K??++?-+?, ??e++e- has been observed in the film of the UCRL 72-in. hydrogen bubble chamber exposed to a beam of 1325-MeV/c momentum negative pions. This event unambiguously fits only the decay mode K??+?+?, but because the K's life span is almost exactly one K10 lifetime it is impossible to say whether it is a direct ??? or inner bremsstrahlung accompanying normal K10?2? decay.

D. Stern

1962-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Research towards a systematic signature discovery process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In its most general form, a signature is a unique or distinguishing measurement, pattern, or collection of data that identifies a phenomenon (object, action, or behavior) of interest. The discovery of signatures is an important aspect of a wide range of disciplines from basic science to national security for the rapid and efficient detection and/or prediction of phenomena. Current practice in signature discovery is typically accomplished by asking domain experts to characterize and/or model individual phenomena to identify what might compose a useful signature. What is lacking is an approach that can be applied across a broad spectrum of domains and information sources to efficiently and robustly construct candidate signatures, validate their reliability, measure their quality, and overcome the challenge of detection -- all in the face of dynamic conditions, measurement obfuscation and noisy data environments. Our research has focused on the identification of common elements of signature discovery across application domains and the synthesis of those elements into a systematic process for more robust and efficient signature development. In this way, a systematic signature discovery process lays the groundwork for leveraging knowledge obtained from signatures to a particular domain or problem area, and, more generally, to problems outside that domain. This paper presents the initial results of this research by discussing a mathematical framework for representing signatures and placing that framework in the context of a systematic signature discovery process. Additionally, the basic steps of this process are described with details about the methods available to support the different stages of signature discovery, development, and deployment.

Baker, Nathan A.; Barr, Jonathan L.; Bonheyo, George T.; Joslyn, Cliff A.; Krishnaswami, Kannan; Oxley, Mark; Quadrel, Richard W.; Sego, Landon H.; Tardiff, Mark F.; Wynne, Adam S.

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

170

On the Systematic Synthesis of Sustainable Biorefineries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We review results of the design of these processes using mathematical programming techniques to systematically evaluate a large number of alternative technologies, by optimally integrating the use of raw material, energy, and water in order for the process not only to be economically feasible but also sustainable. ... to process corn grain is integrated with the catalytic path for the corn stover due to the improved integration of energy, requiring only 17 MW of energy, 50 MW of cooling, and 1.56 gal/gal of freshwater, for an ethanol prodn. ... Kravanja, Z.Challenges in sustainable integrated process synthesis and the capabilities of an MINLP process synthesizer MipSyn Comput. ...

Mariano Martín; Ignacio E. Grossmann

2012-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

171

Systematic Classification of Phase Contours and Zeros  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A systematic classification of phases contours and zeros is introduced and their effect on asymptotic behavior investigated. A constraint is found on the spacing of closed contours if they are not to contribute to asymptotic behavior. Use is made of a theorem due to Pólya and Szegö about entire functions with real negative zeros. The concept of topological equivalence of phase contour maps is discussed. The theorem due to Pólya and Szegö is applied to the fixed-angle scattering amplitude with the assumption that certain kinds of contours or zeros dominate this leads to a constraint on the order of the entire function by which the amplitude may be approximated.

G. D. Kaiser

1969-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

172

Direct CP violation in B decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review recent experimental results on direct CP violation. The hot topic is a measurement in charmless two-body decays of B0, B+. In connection to this the first analogous measurements in Bs0 and Lambda_b0 decays are now available. Furthermore first evidence for direct CP violation in B+ decays is obtained from Dalitz plot analyzes of the K+pi-pi+ final state at B-factories. The last group of discussed results probes the b -> c\\bar{c}d transition in attempt to resolve the discrepancy between Belle and BABAR experiments in CP violation in the B0 -> D+D- decays.

M. Kreps

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

173

Nuclear beta-decay measurements and |Vud|  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some recent work in nuclear beta decay related to the value of |Vud| is described along with some near-term goals for future measurements.

Dan Melconian

2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

174

New limits for neutrinoless tau decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

double beta decays, neutrino oscillations, Z!l11l22 decays, and other rare pro- cesses. In particular, there are strict limits on muon neutrino- less decays: B(m!eg),4.9310211 and B(m!eee),2.4 310212 at 90% confidence level @18#. However, lepton num- ber... particles and on the new coupling constants. The most optimistic branching fraction predictions are at the level of about 1026. Constraints on lepton flavor violation come from studies of rare and forbidden K , p, and m decays, e-m conversions, neutrinoless...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhou, L.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Review of double beta decay experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The brief review of current experiments on search and studying of double beta decay processes is done. Best present limits on $\\langle m_{\

A. S. Barabash

2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

176

Spectroscopy of element 115 decay chains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high-resolution a, X-ray and -ray coincidence spectroscopy experiment was conducted at the GSI Helmholtzzentrum fu r Schwerionenforschung. Thirty correlated a-decay chains were detected following the fusion-evaporation reaction 48Ca + 243Am. The observations are consistent with previous assignments of similar decay chains to originate from element Z = 115. The data includes first candidates of fingerprinting the decay step Mt --> Bh with characteristic X rays. For the first time, precise spectroscopy allows the derivation of excitation schemes of isotopes along the decay chains starting with elements Z > 112. Comprehensive Monte-Carlo simulations accompany the data analysis. Nuclear structure models provide a first level interpretation.

Rudolph, Dirk [Lund University, Sweden; Forsberg, U. [Lund University, Sweden; Golubev, P. [Lund University, Sweden; Sarmiento, L. G. [Lund University, Sweden; Yakushev, A. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Andersson, L.-L. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Di Nitto, A. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Duehllmann, Ch. E. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Gates, J. M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Gregorich, K. E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Gross, Carl J [ORNL; Hessberger, F. P. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Herzberg, R.-D [University of Liverpool; Khuyagbaatar, J. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Kratz, J. V. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof Piotr [ORNL; Schaedel, M. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Aberg, S. [Lund University, Sweden; Ackermann, D. [GSI-Hemholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany; Block, M. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Brand, H. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Carlsson, B. G. [Lund University, Sweden; Cox, D. [University of Liverpool; Derkx, X. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Eberhardt, K. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Even, J. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Fahlander, C. [Lund University, Sweden; Gerl, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Jaeger, E. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kindler, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Krier, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kojouharov, I. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kurz, N. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Lommel, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Mistry, A. [University of Liverpool; Mokry, C. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Nitsche, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Omtvedt, J. P. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Papadakis, P. [University of Liverpool; Ragnarsson, I. [Lund University, Sweden; Runke, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Schaffner, H. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Schausten, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Thoerle-Pospiech, P. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Torres, T. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Traut, T. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Trautmann, N. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Tuerler, A. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Ward, A. [University of Liverpool; Ward, D. E. [Lund University, Sweden; Wiehl, N. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Phenomenology of charmless hadronic B decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The decays of $B$ mesons to a pair of charmless pseudoscalar mesons ($PP$ decays) or to a vector and pseudoscalar meson ($VP$ decays) have been analyzed within the framework of flavor SU(3) symmetry and the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism of CP violation. Separate $PP$ and $VP$ fits proved to be successful in describing the experimental data (branching ratios, CP asymmetries and time-dependent parameters). Decay magnitudes and relative weak and strong phases have been extracted from the fits. Values of the weak phase $\\gamma$ were found to be consistent with the current indirect bounds from other analyses of CKM parameters.

Suprun, D A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Phenomenology of charmless hadronic B decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The decays of $B$ mesons to a pair of charmless pseudoscalar mesons ($PP$ decays) or to a vector and pseudoscalar meson ($VP$ decays) have been analyzed within the framework of flavor SU(3) symmetry and the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism of CP violation. Separate $PP$ and $VP$ fits proved to be successful in describing the experimental data (branching ratios, CP asymmetries and time-dependent parameters). Decay magnitudes and relative weak and strong phases have been extracted from the fits. Values of the weak phase $\\gamma$ were found to be consistent with the current indirect bounds from other analyses of CKM parameters.

Denis A. Suprun

2004-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

179

Review of double beta decay experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The brief review of current experiments on search and studying of double beta decay processes is done. Best present limits on $\\langle m_{\

Barabash, A S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Rapidly Convergent Series of the Divisors Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This note gives a few rapidly convergent series representations of the sums of divisors functions. These series have various applications such as exact evaluations of some power series, computing estimates and proving the existence results of some special values of the sums of divisors functions.

N. A. Carella

2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Resumming the string perturbation series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the AdS/CFT correspondence to study the resummation of a perturbative genus expansion appearing in the type II superstring dual of ABJM theory. Although the series is Borel summable, its Borel resummation does not agree with the exact non-perturbative answer due to the presence of complex instantons. The same type of behavior appears in the WKB quantization of the quartic oscillator in Quantum Mechanics, which we analyze in detail as a toy model for the string perturbation series. We conclude that Borel summability is not enough for extracting non-perturbative information, and one has to add explicit non-perturbative effects associated to complex instantons. We also analyze the resummation of the genus expansion for topological string theory on local P1xP1, which is closely related to ABJM theory. In this case, the non-perturbative answer involves membrane instantons computed by the refined topological string, which are crucial to produce a well-defined result. We give evidence that the Borel resummati...

Grassi, Alba; Zakany, Szabolcs

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Argonne CNM: 2005 Seminar Series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 Dec. 8, 2005 "Ultrafast spectroscopy of single-walled carbon nanotubes," Libai Huang-Stevenson, University of Rochester, hosted by Gary Wiederrecht Abstract: The optical and electronic properties of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) were studied by ultrafast spectroscopy. The photoexcited carriers in isolated SWNTs relaxed through many channels with decay time ranging from subpicosecond to over 100 ps. The magnitude of the longest-lived component in the ultrafast signal exhibited strong resonance dependence, thus suggesting that this lifetime corresponds to the band-edge relaxation time. Excitons are expected to play an important role in reduced dimension materials. Exciton effects in SWNTs were investigated through Auger recombination. Quantized Auger recombination was observed, and Auger lifetimes for two and three e-h pair states were determined. Auger recombination in SWNTs is extremely fast, with lifetimes of only a few picoseconds for SWNTs excited with two and three e-h pairs. Experimental results conclusively show that Auger recombination in SWNTs is due to interaction between one-dimensional excitons and occurs as a two-particle process; a one-electron picture cannot explain our data. Thus, this provides experimental evidence of discrete one-dimensional exciton-excited states in SWNTs.

183

88 Power Series 8.1 Introduction and Review of Power Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

88 Power Series Methods 8.1 Introduction and Review of Power Series In Section 3.3 we saw by inspection, linear equations with variable coefficients generally require the power series techniques - 2xy + n(n + 1)y = 0. In this section we introduce the power series method in its simplest form and

Sikora, Adam S.

184

Semileptonic and nonleptonic decays of Bc mesons to orbitally excited heavy mesons in the relativistic quark model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The form factors of weak decays of the Bc meson to orbitally excited charmonium, D, Bs, and B mesons are calculated in the framework of the QCD-motivated relativistic quark model based on the quasipotential approach. Relativistic effects are systematically taken into account. The form factor dependence on the momentum transfer is reliably determined in the whole kinematical range. The form factors are expressed through the overlap integrals of the meson wave functions, which are known from the previous mass spectra calculations within the same model. On this basis, semileptonic and nonleptonic Bc decay rates to orbitally excited heavy mesons are calculated. Predictions for the Bc decays to the orbitally and radially excited 2P and 3S charmonium states are given, which could be used for clarifying the nature of the recently observed charmoniumlike states above the open charm production threshold.

D. Ebert, R. N. Faustov, and V. O. Galkin

2010-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

185

Fermilab Arts & Lecture Series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Arts & Lecture Series 2013-14 Free on-line ticketing now available! Check our web page at fnal.gov/culture A r t S S e r i e S The Congregation Second City: Happily Ever Laughter De Temps Antan Stars of Dance Chicago Jingle Babes: Decking the Halls with Songs and Folly-The Four Bitchin' Babes Dirty Dozen Brass Band Alan Kelly Gang The Fantasticks: Steampunk Version Huun Huur Tu: Throat Singers of Tuva Rhythm Safari: An Interactive World Drumming Event G A L L e r y C h A m b e r S e r i e S Chicago Brass Quintet 50th Anniversary Season Cavatina Duo Rembrandt Chamber Players L e C t u r e S e r i e S Dr. Jeff Lichtman Connectomics: Mapping the Brain Dr. Michael Meyer The Potential for Life on Mars: Past, Present and Future? Dr. James Kakalios The Physics of Superheroes Physics Slam 2013 Dr. Pete Beckman

186

Evidence for the decay B0 --> omega omega and search for B0 --> omega phi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe searches for B meson decays to the charmless vector-vector final states omega omega and omega phi with 471 x 10^6 B Bbar pairs produced in e+ e- annihilation at sqrt(s) = 10.58 GeV using the BABAR detector at the PEP-II collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. We measure the branching fraction B(B0 --> omega omega) = (1.2 +- 0.3 +0.3-0.2) x 10^-6, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic, corresponding to a significance of 4.4 standard deviations. We also determine the upper limit B(B0 --> omega phi) omega omega, and an improvement of the upper limit for the decay B0 --> omega phi.

Lees, J P; Tisserand, V; Grauges, E; Palano, A; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lee, M J; Lynch, G; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; So, R Y; Khan, A; Blinov, V E; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Yushkov, A N; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M; Dey, B; Gary, J W; Long, O; Campagnari, C; Sevilla, M Franco; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; West, C A; Eisner, A M; Lockman, W S; Vazquez, W Panduro; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Chao, D S; Cheng, C H; Echenard, B; Flood, K T; Hitlin, D G; Miyashita, T S; Ongmongkolkul, P; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Huard, Z; Meadows, B T; Pushpawela, B G; Sokoloff, M D; Sun, L; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Spaan, B; Schwierz, R; Bernard, D; Verderi, M; Playfer, S; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Garzia, I; Luppi, E; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Martellotti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Vetere, M Lo; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Bhuyan, B; Prasad, V; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Uwer, U; Lacker, H M; Dauncey, P D; Mallik, U; Chen, C; Cochran, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Ahmed, H; Gritsan, A V; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Derkach, D; Grosdidier, G; Diberder, F Le; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Roudeau, P; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Coleman, J P; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Bougher, J; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Griessinger, K; Hafner, A; Prencipe, E; Schubert, K R; Barlow, R J; Lafferty, G D; Cenci, R; Hamilton, B; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Sciolla, G; Cheaib, R; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Biassoni, P; Neri, N; Palombo, F; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Simard, M; Taras, P; De Nardo, G; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Martinelli, M; Raven, G; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Honscheid, K; Kass, R; Brau, J; Frey, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Feltresi, E; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simi, G; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Akar, S; Ben-Haim, E; Bomben, M; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Sitt, S; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Pacetti, S; Rossi, A; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Casarosa, G; Cervelli, A; Chrzaszcz, M; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Oberhof, B; Paoloni, E; Perez, A; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Pegna, D Lopes; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Gioi, L Li; Piredda, G; Buenger, C; Dittrich, S; Gruenberg, O; Hartmann, T; Leddig, T; Voss, C; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Vasseur, G; Anulli, F; Aston, D; Bard, D J; Benitez, J F; Cartaro, C; Convery, M R; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Ebert, M; Field, R C; Fulsom, B G; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Lewis, P; Lindemann, D; Lindquist, B; Luitz, S; Luth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Muller, D R; Neal, H; Nelson, S; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Snyder, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Va'vra, J; Wagner, A P; Wang, W F; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Wulsin, H W; Ziegler, V; Purohit, M V; White, R M; Wilson, J R; Randle-Conde, A; Sekula, S J; Bellis, M; Burchat, P R; Puccio, E M T; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Gorodeisky, R; Guttman, N; Peimer, D R; Soffer, A; Spanier, S M; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schwitters, R F; Wray, B C; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Bianchi, F; De Mori, F; Filippi, A; Gamba, D; Zambito, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Martinez-Vidal, F; Oyanguren, A; Villanueva-Perez, P; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bernlochner, F U; Choi, H H F; King, G J; Kowalewski, R; Lewczuk, M J; Lueck, T; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Tasneem, N; Gershon, T J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Band, H R; Dasu, S; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Wu, S L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Time?dependent theory of alpha decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using Green’s function techniques a time?dependent theory of ? decay in the standard one?body model is developed. Formulas are obtained for the decay rate and ? energy. These formulas are combined with experimental information to show that to a good approximation the i n i t i a l ??particle wave function vanishes on or near the nuclear surface.

Michael G. Fuda

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Gross Theory of ?-Decay and Shell Effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......nuclear final state measured fr:orn the parent. Although actual decays pro- Gross Theory of f3-Decay and Shell Effects 137 ceed only to the region of negative values of E, we extend our consideration to the positive region. Now, we can regard the whole......

Takayoshi Kondoh; Masami Yamada

1976-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Spectroscopy and decays of charm and bottom  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After a brief review of the quark model, we discuss our present knowledge of the spectroscopy of charm and bottom mesons and baryons. We go on to review the lifetimes, semileptonic, and purely leptonic decays of these particles. We conclude with a brief discussion B and D mixing and rare decays.

Butler, J.N.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Observing Nucleon Decay in Lead Perchlorate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lead perchlorate, part of the OMNIS supernova neutrino detector, contains two nuclei, 208Pb and 35Cl, that might be used to study nucleon decay. Both would produce signatures that will make them especially useful for studying less-well-studied neutron decay modes, e.g., those in which only neutrinos are emitted.

R. N. Boyd; T. Rauscher; S. D. Reitzner; P. Vogel

2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

191

Upper limit on the cross section for reactor antineutrinos changing 22Na decay rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present results of a long-term observation of the decay of 22Na in the presence of a nuclear fission reactor. The measurements were made outside the containment wall of and underneath the Koeberg nuclear power plant near Cape Town, South Africa. Antineutrino fluxes ranged from ~5*10^11 to 1.6*10^13 cm^-2 s^-1 during this period. We show that the coincidence summing technique provides a sensitive tool to measure a change in the total decay constant as well as the branching ratio between EC and beta+ decay of 22Na to the first excited state in 22Ne. We observe a relative change in count rate between reactor-ON and reactor-OFF equal to (-0.51+/-0.11)*10^-4. After evaluating possible systematic uncertainties we conclude that the effect is either due to a hidden instrumental cause or due to an interaction between antineutrinos and the 22Na nucleus. An upper limit of ~0.03 barn has been deduced for observing any change in the decay rate of 22Na due to antineutrino interactions.

de Meijer, R J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Upper limit on the cross section for reactor antineutrinos changing 22Na decay rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present results of a long-term observation of the decay of 22Na in the presence of a nuclear fission reactor. The measurements were made outside the containment wall of and underneath the Koeberg nuclear power plant near Cape Town, South Africa. Antineutrino fluxes ranged from ~5*10^11 to 1.6*10^13 cm^-2 s^-1 during this period. We show that the coincidence summing technique provides a sensitive tool to measure a change in the total decay constant as well as the branching ratio between EC and beta+ decay of 22Na to the first excited state in 22Ne. We observe a relative change in count rate between reactor-ON and reactor-OFF equal to (-0.51+/-0.11)*10^-4. After evaluating possible systematic uncertainties we conclude that the effect is either due to a hidden instrumental cause or due to an interaction between antineutrinos and the 22Na nucleus. An upper limit of ~0.03 barn has been deduced for observing any change in the decay rate of 22Na due to antineutrino interactions.

R. J. de Meijer; S. W. Steyn

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

193

Observation of the Rare Decay B^+ to K^+ \\pi^0 \\pi^0  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report an analysis of charmless hadronic decays of charged B mesons to the final state K{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}, using a data sample of 470.9 {+-} 2.8 million B{bar B} events collected with the BABAR detector at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. We observe an excess of signal events with a significance above 10 standard deviations including systematic uncertainties and measure the branching fraction to be {Beta}(B{sup +}{yields}K{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}) = (15.5 {+-} 1.1 {+-} 1.6) x 10{sup -6}, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively.

del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, David Nathan; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; Tanabe, T.; /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U.; /more authors.; ,

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

194

Strong effects in weak nonleptonic decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report the weak nonleptonic decays of kaons and hyperons are examined with the hope of gaining insight into a recently proposed mechanism for the ..delta..I = 1/2 rule. The effective Hamiltonian for ..delta..S = 1 weak nonleptonic decays and that for K/sup 0/-anti K/sup 0/ mixing are calculated in the six-quark model using the leading logarithmic approximation. These are used to examine the CP violation parameters of the kaon system. It is found that if Penguin-type diagrams make important contributions to K ..-->.. ..pi pi.. decay amplitudes then upcoming experiments may be able to distinguish the six-quark model for CP violation from the superweak model. The weak radiative decays of hyperons are discussed with an emphasis on what they can teach us about hyperon nonleptonic decays and the ..delta..I = 1/2 rule.

Wise, M.B.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Magnetic field decay in model SSC dipoles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have observed that some of our model SSC dipoles have long time constant decays of the magnetic field harmonics with amplitudes large enough to result in significant beam loss, if they are not corrected. The magnets were run at constant current at the SSC injection field level of 0.3 tesla for one to three hours and changes in the magnetic field were observed. One explanation for the observed field decay is time dependent superconductor magnetization. Another explanation involves flux creep or flux flow. Data are presented on how the decay changes with previous flux history. Similar magnets with different Nb-Ti filament spacings and matrix materials have different long time field decay. A theoretical model using proximity coupling and flux creep for the observed field decay is discussed. 10 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Gilbert, W.S.; Althaus, R.F.; Barale, P.J.; Benjegerdes, R.W.; Green, M.A.; Green, M.I.; Scanlan, R.M.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

First decay study of the very neutron-rich isotope 93Br  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay of the mass-separated, very neutron-rich isotope 93Br has been studied by ? spectroscopy. A level scheme of its daughter 93Kr has been constructed. Level energies, ?-ray branching ratios, and multipolarities suggest spins and parities which are in accord with a smooth systematics of the N=57 isotones for Z<~40, suggesting the N=56 subshell closure still to be effective in Kr isotopes. So far, there is no indication of a progressive onset of deformation in neutron-rich Kr isotopes.

G. Lhersonneau; A. Wöhr; B. Pfeiffer; K.-L. Kratz; the ISOLDE Collaboration

2001-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

197

What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

312 P. Vogel, “Limits From Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay (Assumptions No detected neutrinoless double ?-decay lightestscale (1 ± 0.05 eV), No neutrinoless double ?-decay lightest

Bahcall, John N.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Light of SNO Salt Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

14] P. Vogel, “Limits From Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay (Higgs, can also cause neutrinoless double-beta decay (seeLBNL-53996 Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay in Light of SNO

Murayama, Hitoshi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Climate Change Task Force Webinar Series | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Climate Change Task Force Webinar Series Climate Change Task Force Webinar Series The four-part Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country webinar series provided tribal leaders an...

200

DOE Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar Series 2014 | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar Series 2014 DOE Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar Series 2014 2014 webinar series flyer More Documents & Publications Community- and Facility-Scale...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Neutrinoless double beta decay and nuclear matrix elements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fundamental importance of searching for neutrinoless double?beta decay (0????decay) is widely recognized. Observation of the decay would tell us that the total lepton number is not conserved and that consequently neutrinos are massive Majorana fermions. The 0????decay is discussed in context of neutrino oscillation data. The perspectives of the experimental 0????decay searches are analyzed. The importance of reliable determination of the 0????decay nuclear matrix elements is pointed out.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Photoproduction and Decay of Light Mesons in CLAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present preliminary experimental results on photoproduction and decay of light mesons measured with CLAS setup at JLAB . This include Dalitz decay of pseudoscalar and vector mesons, radiative decay of pseudoscalar mesons as well hadronic decays of pseudoscalar and vector mesons. The collected high statistics in some of decay channels exceeds the world data by an order of magnitude and some other decay modes are observed for the first time. It is shown how the CLAS data will improve the world data on transition form factors of light mesons, Dalitz plot analyses, branching ratios of rare decay modes and other fundamental properties potentially accessible through the light meson decays.

Amaryan, Moskov Jamalovich [Old Dominion University

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te-130.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation describes an experimental search for neutrinoless double beta (0???) decay of 130Te. An observation of 0??? decay would establish that neutrinos are Majorana… (more)

Bryant, Adam Douglas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Search for: "neutrinoless double beta decay" | DOE PAGES  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

neutrinoless double beta decay" Find + Advanced Search Advanced Search All Fields: "neutrinoless double beta decay" Title: Full Text: Bibliographic Data: Creator Author: Name...

205

B, D and K Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present report documents the results of Working Group 2: B, D and K decays, of the workshop on Flavor in the Era of the LHC, held at CERN from November 2005 through March 2007. With the advent of the LHC, we will be able to probe New Physics (NP) up to energy scales almost one order of magnitude larger than it has been possible with present accelerator facilities. While direct detection of new particles will be the main avenue to establish the presence of NP at the LHC, indirect searches will provide precious complementary information, since most probably it will not be possible to measure the full spectrum of new particles and their couplings through direct production. In particular, precision measurements and computations in the realm of flavor physics are expected to play a key role in constraining the unknown parameters of the Lagrangian of any NP model emerging from direct searches at the LHC. The aim of Working Group 2 was twofold: on one hand, to provide a coherent, up-to-date picture of the status of flavor physics before the start of the LHC; on the other hand, to initiate activities on the path towards integrating information on NP from high-p{sub T} and flavor data. This report is organized as follows. In Sec. 1, we give an overview of NP models, focusing on a few examples that have been discussed in some detail during the workshop, with a short description of the available computational tools for flavor observables in NP models. Sec. 2 contains a concise discussion of the main theoretical problem in flavor physics: the evaluation of the relevant hadronic matrix elements for weak decays. Sec. 3 contains a detailed discussion of NP effects in a set of flavor observables that we identified as 'benchmark channels' for NP searches. The experimental prospects for flavor physics at future facilities are discussed in Sec. 4. Finally, Sec. 5 contains some assessments on the work done at the workshop and the prospects for future developments.

Artuso, M.; Asner, D.M.; Ball, P.; Baracchini, E.; Bell, G.; Beneke, M.; Berryhill, J.; Bevan, A.; Bigi, I.I.; Blanke, M.; Bobeth, Ch.; Bona, M.; Borzumati, F.; Browder, T.; Buanes, T.; Buchalla, G.; Buchmuller, O.; Buras, A.J.; Burdin, S.; Cassel, D.G.; Cavanaugh, R.; /Syracuse U. /Carleton U. /Durham U., IPPP /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Karlsruhe U. /RWTH Aachen U. /Fermilab /Queen Mary, U. of London /Notre Dame U. /Munich, Tech. U. /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Dortmund U. /Annecy, LAPP /ICTP, Trieste /Taiwan, Natl. Central U. /Hawaii U. /Bergen U. /Munich U. /CERN /Liverpool U.

2008-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

206

Universal Strak Camera C10910 Series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

time periods. In addition to superb temporal resolution, the streak camera can capture spatial (or spectral) data simultaneously. The C10910 series is a universal streak camera...

207

Transportation Energy Futures Series: Projected Biomass Utilization...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Projected Biomass Utilization for Fuels and Power in a Mature Market TRANSPORTATION ENERGY FUTURES SERIES: Projected Biomass Utilization for Fuels and Power in a Mature Market A...

208

The Particle Adventure | Particle decays and annihiliations | Confusion  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Confusion about Confusion about decays Confusion about decays Many heavy elements decay into simpler things. But a close observation of these decays reveals several confusing problems. Consider uranium-238 decay. A lump of uranium-238 will decay at a constant rate such that in 4,460,000,000 years -- give or take a few days -- half the uranium will be gone. But there is no way to tell when a specific uranium atom will decay; it could decay five minutes from now, or in ten billion years. Why will an atom decay only according to some probability? Uranium-238 has a mass of 238.0508 atomic mass units (u). It can decay into thorium (234.0436 u) and an alpha particle (4.0026 u). But uranium's mass minus the mass of its decay products is 0.0046 u. Why is there missing mass?

209

Radioactive Decay of Lutetium-174  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ytterbium oxide enriched to 98.4% in the 174 mass number was irradiated with 6-Mev protons. An activity of approximately 165-day half-life was produced and assigned to Lu174 by the identification of the ytterbium K x-ray and of the activities produced by similar proton irradiations of the other enriched isotopes of ytterbium. The observed activity of Lu174 consists of the L and K x-rays of ytterbium and 76.6- and 1228-kev gamma rays which are in coincidence. Because no beta radiation exists in the activity of Lu174, the mode of decay is solely by electron capture to Yb174. Approximately 31% of the disintegrations of Lu174 are to the ground state of Yb174. In addition to the 76.6-kev level of Yb174, there is a 1305-kev level with a spin of 0+. The transitions of Lu174 to the 1305-kev level of Yb174 are by L capture only and the percentages of electron capture to the 76.6- and 1305-kev levels of Yb174 are approximately 59 and 10, respectively. A spin of 1- is assigned to the ground state of Lu174.

R. G. Wilson and M. L. Pool

1960-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

A quasi-diagonal approach to the estimation of Lyapunov spectra for spatio-temporal systems from multivariate time series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe methods of estimating the entire Lyapunov spectrum of a spatially extended system from multivariate time-series observations. Provided that the coupling in the system is short range, the Jacobian has a banded structure and can be estimated using spatially localised reconstructions in low embedding dimensions. This circumvents the ``curse of dimensionality'' that prevents the accurate reconstruction of high-dimensional dynamics from observed time series. The technique is illustrated using coupled map lattices as prototype models for spatio-temporal chaos and is found to work even when the coupling is not strictly local but only exponentially decaying.

R. Carretero-González; S. Ørstavik; J. Stark

2000-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

211

Can Dark Matter Decay in Dark Energy?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the interaction between Dark Energy and Dark Matter from a thermodynamical perspective. By assuming they have different temperatures, we study the possibility of occurring a decay from Dark Matter into Dark Energy, characterized by a negative parameter $Q$. We find that, if at least one of the fluids has non vanishing chemical potential, for instance $\\mu_x0$, the decay is possible, where $\\mu_x$ and $\\mu_{dm}$ are the chemical potentials of Dark Energy and Dark Matter, respectively. Using recent cosmological data, we find that, for a fairly simple interaction, the Dark Matter decay is favored with a probability of $\\sim 93%$ over the Dark Energy decay. This result comes from a likelihood analysis where only background evolution has been considered.

S. H. Pereira; J. F. Jesus

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

212

Double Beta Decay Constraint on Composite Neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Constraint on Composite Neutrinos Eiichi Takasugi Department of Physics, Osaka University, Toyonaka 560 Neutrinoless double beta decay (betabeta)0v occurs through the magnetic coupling of dimension five operator whose coupling constant is......

Eiichi Takasugi

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

27 contribution to weak electromagnetic decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We notice that the assumption of octet dominance of the Cabibbo weak Hamiltonian is not required to explain the weak electromagnetic decays. In order to explain large asymmetry parameter ?(?+?p?) we consider ?7 contribution to the parity-violating Hamiltonian.

Ramesh C. Verma and M. P. Khanna

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Probing QCD with Rare Charmless $B$ Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rare charmless hadronic B decays are a good testing ground for QCD. In this paper we describe a selection of new measurements made by the BABAR and BELLE collaborations.

Gradl, Wolfgang

2006-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

215

Uncertainty evaluation of delayed neutron decay parameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parameters fit their individual measurement data well in spite of these differences. This dissertation focuses on evaluation of the errors and methods of delayed neutron relative yields and decay constants for thermal fission of U-235. Various numerical...

Wang, Jinkai

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

Theory of top quark production and decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Direct and indirect information on the top quark mass and its decay modes is reviewed. The theory of top production in hadron- and electron-positron-colliders is presented.

Kuehn, J.H. [Universitaet Karlsruhe (Germany)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Rare decays at the LHCb experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rare decays of beauty and charm hadrons offer a rich playground to make precise tests of the Standard Model and look for New Physics at the level of quantum corrections. A review of recent LHCb results will be presented.

Luca Pescatore

2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

218

Three-body decay of (6)Be  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Three-body correlations for the ground-state decay of the lightest two-proton emitter (6)Be are studied both theoretically and experimentally. Theoretical studies are performed in a three-body hyperspherical-harmonics cluster model...

Grigorenko, L. V.; Wiser, T. D.; Mercurio, K.; Charity, R. J.; Shane, R.; Sobotka, L. G.; Elson, J. M.; Wuosmaa, A. H.; Banu, A.; McCleskey, M.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Zhukov, M. V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reviews the current status and future outlook of neutrinoless double beta decay searches, which try to provide an answer to the fundamental question of whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana particles.

Gómez-Cadenas, J J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Phenomenology of neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reviews the current status and future outlook of neutrinoless double beta decay searches, which try to provide an answer to the fundamental question of whether neutrinos are Dirac or Majorana particles.

J. J. Gómez-Cadenas; Justo Martín-Albo

2015-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Electrical Analogs of Atomic Radiative Decay Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simple electrical circuits are analyzed, and the results show that for high frequencies they have frequency and time responses identical to the spontaneous radiative decays of atoms. As an illustration of the analogy a ...

Fontana, Peter R.; Srivastava, Rajendra P.

1977-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Measurement of indirect CP asymmetries in $D^0 \\to K^-K^+$ and $D^0 \\to \\pi^-\\pi^+$ decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time-dependent $CP$ asymmetries in the decay rates of the singly Cabibbo-suppressed decays $D^0\\rightarrow K^-K^+$ and $D^0\\rightarrow \\pi^-\\pi^+$ are measured in $pp$ collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb$^{-1}$ collected by the LHCb experiment. The $D^0$ mesons are produced in semileptonic $b$-hadron decays, where the charge of the accompanying muon is used to determine the initial state as $D^0$ or $\\bar{D}^0$. The asymmetries in effective lifetimes between $D^0$ and $\\bar{D}^0$ decays, which are sensitive to indirect $CP$ violation, are determined to be \\begin{align*} A_{\\Gamma}(K^-K^+) = (-0.134 \\pm 0.077 \\; {}^{+0.026}_{-0.034})\\% \\ , \\\\ A_{\\Gamma}(\\pi^-\\pi^+) = (-0.092\\pm 0.145 \\; {}^{+0.025}_{-0.033})\\% \\ , \\end{align*} where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second systematic. This result is in agreement with previous measurements and with the hypothesis of no indirect $CP$ violation in $D^0$ decays.

Aaij, R; Adinolfi, M; Affolder, A; Ajaltouni, Z; Akar, S; Albrecht, J; Alessio, F; Alexander, M; Ali, S; Alkhazov, G; Cartelle, P Alvarez; Alves, A A; Amato, S; Amerio, S; Amhis, Y; An, L; Anderlini, L; Anderson, J; Andreassen, R; Andreotti, M; Andrews, J E; Appleby, R B; Gutierrez, O Aquines; Archilli, F; Artamonov, A; Artuso, M; Aslanides, E; Auriemma, G; Baalouch, M; Bachmann, S; Back, J J; Badalov, A; Baesso, C; Baldini, W; Barlow, R J; Barschel, C; Barsuk, S; Barter, W; Batozskaya, V; Battista, V; Bay, A; Beaucourt, L; Beddow, J; Bedeschi, F; Bediaga, I; Belogurov, S; Belyaev, I; Ben-Haim, E; Bencivenni, G; Benson, S; Benton, J; Berezhnoy, A; Bernet, R; Bertolin, A; Bettler, M -O; van Beuzekom, M; Bien, A; Bifani, S; Bird, T; Bizzeti, A; Blake, T; Blanc, F; Blouw, J; Blusk, S; Bocci, V; Bondar, A; Bondar, N; Bonivento, W; Borghi, S; Borgia, A; Borsato, M; Bowcock, T J V; Bowen, E; Bozzi, C; Brett, D; Britsch, M; Britton, T; Brodzicka, J; Brook, N H; Bursche, A; Buytaert, J; Cadeddu, S; Calabrese, R; Calvi, M; Gomez, M Calvo; Campana, P; Perez, D Campora; Capriotti, L; Carbone, A; Carboni, G; Cardinale, R; Cardini, A; Carniti, P; Carson, L; Akiba, K Carvalho; Mohr, RCM Casanova; Casse, G; Cassina, L; Garcia, L Castillo; Cattaneo, M; Cauet, Ch; Cavallero, G; Cenci, R; Charles, M; Charpentier, Ph; Chefdeville, M; Chen, S; Cheung, S -F; Chiapolini, N; Chrzaszcz, M; Vidal, X Cid; Ciezarek, G; Clarke, P E L; Clemencic, M; Cliff, H V; Closier, J; Coco, V; Cogan, J; Cogneras, E; Cogoni, V; Cojocariu, L; Collazuol, G; Collins, P; Comerma-Montells, A; Contu, A; Cook, A; Coombes, M; Coquereau, S; Corti, G; Corvo, M; Counts, I; Couturier, B; Cowan, G A; Craik, D C; Crocombe, A C; Torres, M Cruz; Cunliffe, S; Currie, R; D'Ambrosio, C; Dalseno, J; David, P; David, P N Y; Davis, A; De Bruyn, K; De Capua, S; De Cian, M; De Miranda, J M; De Paula, L; De Silva, W; De Simone, P; Dean, C -T; Decamp, D; Deckenhoff, M; Del Buono, L; Déléage, N; Derkach, D; Deschamps, O; Dettori, F; Dey, B; Di Canto, A; Di Domenico, A; Di Ruscio, F; Dijkstra, H; Donleavy, S; Dordei, F; Dorigo, M; Suárez, A Dosil; Dossett, D; Dovbnya, A; Dreimanis, KD; Dreimanis, K; Dujany, G; Dupertuis, F; Durante, P; Dzhelyadin, R; Dziurda, A; Dzyuba, A; Easo, S; Egede, U; Egorychev, V; Eidelman, S; Eisenhardt, S; Eitschberger, U; Ekelhof, R; Eklund, L; Rifai, I El; Elsasser, Ch; Ely, S; Esen, S; Evans, H M; Evans, T; Falabella, A; Färber, C; Farinelli, C; Farley, N; Farry, S; Fay, R; Ferguson, D; Albor, V Fernandez; Rodrigues, F Ferreira; Ferro-Luzzi, M; Filippov, S; Fiore, M; Fiorini, M; Firlej, M; Fitzpatrick, C; Fiutowski, T; Fol, P; Fontana, M; Fontanelli, F; Forty, R; Francisco, O; Frank, M; Frei, C; Frosini, M; Fu, J; Furfaro, E; Torreira, A Gallas; Galli, D; Gallorini, S; Gambetta, S; Gandelman, M; Gandini, P; Gao, Y; Pardiñas, J García; Garofoli, J; Tico, J Garra; Garrido, L; Gascon, D; Gaspar, C; Gastaldi, U; Gauld, R; Gavardi, L; Gazzoni, G; Geraci, A; Gersabeck, E; Gersabeck, M; Gershon, T; Ghez, Ph; Gianelle, A; Gianì, S; Gibson, V; Giubega, L; Gligorov, V V; Göbel, C; Golubkov, D; Golutvin, A; Gomes, A; Gotti, C; Gándara, M Grabalosa; Diaz, R Graciani; Cardoso, L A Granado; Graugés, E; Graverini, E; Graziani, G; Grecu, A; Greening, E; Gregson, S; Griffith, P; Grillo, L; Grünberg, O; Gui, B; Gushchin, E; Guz, Yu; Gys, T; Hadjivasiliou, C; Haefeli, G; Haen, C; Haines, S C; Hall, S; Hamilton, B; Hampson, T; Han, X; Hansmann-Menzemer, S; Harnew, N; Harnew, S T; Harrison, J; He, J; Head, T; Heijne, V; Hennessy, K; Henrard, P; Henry, L; Morata, J A Hernando; van Herwijnen, E; Heß, M; Hicheur, A; Hill, D; Hoballah, M; Hombach, C; Hulsbergen, W; Humair, T; Hussain, N; Hutchcroft, D; Hynds, D; Idzik, M; Ilten, P; Jacobsson, R; Jaeger, A; Jalocha, J; Jans, E; Jawahery, A; Jing, F; John, M; Johnson, D; Jones, C R; Joram, C; Jost, B; Jurik, N; Kandybei, S; Kanso, W; Karacson, M; Karbach, T M; Karodia, S; Kelsey, M; Kenyon, I R; Kenzie, M; Ketel, T; Khanji, B; Khurewathanakul, C; Klaver, S; Klimaszewski, K; Kochebina, O; Kolpin, M; Komarov, I; Koopman, R F; Koppenburg, P; Korolev, M; Kravchuk, L; Kreplin, K; Kreps, M; Krocker, G; Krokovny, P; Kruse, F; Kucewicz, W; Kucharczyk, M; Kudryavtsev, V; Kurek, K; Kvaratskheliya, T; La Thi, V N; Lacarrere, D; Lafferty, G; Lai, A; Lambert, D; Lambert, R W; Lanfranchi, G; Langenbruch, C; Langhans, B; Latham, T; Lazzeroni, C; Gac, R Le; van Leerdam, J; Lees, J -P; Lefèvre, R; Leflat, A; Lefrançois, J; Leroy, O; Lesiak, T; Leverington, B; Li, Y; Likhomanenko, T; Liles, M; Lindner, R; Linn, C; Lionetto, F; Liu, B; Lohn, S; Longstaff, I; Lopes, J H; Lowdon, P; Lucchesi, D; Luo, H; Lupato, A; Luppi, E; Lupton, O; Machefert, F; Machikhiliyan, I V; Maciuc, F; Maev, O; Malde, S; Malinin, A; Manca, G; Mancinelli, G; Manning, P; Mapelli, A; Maratas, J; Marchand, J F; Marconi, U

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

CP Violation in Other Bs Decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent experimental results of CP violation in Bs decays other than in the J/psi phi final state are discussed. Included are the resonant components and $\\phi_s$ determination in Bs -> J/psi pi+ pi-, CP asymmetries in Bs -> h+ h'- decays, and the Bs effective lifetimes in the CP-even state K+ K- and the CP-odd state J/psi f0(980).

L. Zhang; for the LHCb Collaboration

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

224

Neutrinoless double beta decay with scalar bilinears  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One possible probe to physics beyond the standard model is to look for scalar bilinears, which couple to two fermions of the standard model. We point out that the scalar bilinears allow new diagrams contributing to the neutrinoless double beta decay. The upper bound on the neutrinoless double beta decay lifetime would then give new constraints on the ratio of the masses of these scalars to their couplings to the fermions.

H. V. Klapdor-Kleingrothaus; U. Sarkar

2002-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

225

World Series Baseball 2k1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From the Publisher:The great American pastime just got a shot in the arm! World Series Baseball 2K1 for the Sega Dreamcast (based on the successful arcade game World Series Baseball 99) promises to be the most immersive baseball game ever ...

Mark Cohen; David Chong; Patrick Mauro

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Correcting and combining time series forecasters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combined forecasters have been in the vanguard of stochastic time series modeling. In this way it has been usual to suppose that each single model generates a residual or prediction error like a white noise. However, mostly because of disturbances not ... Keywords: Artificial neural networks hybrid systems, Linear combination of forecasts, Maximum likelihood estimation, Time series forecasters, Unbiased forecasters

Paulo Renato A. Firmino; Paulo S. G. De Mattos Neto; Tiago A. E. Ferreira

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Time Series Analysis James D. Hamilton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time Series Analysis James D. Hamilton Since its publication just over ten years ago, James Hamilton's Time Series Analysis has taken its place in the canon of modern technical eco- nomic literature study, Hamilton's book en- joyed popularity among econometricians in seminars in Europe and North

Landweber, Laura

228

A Systematic Review on Strategic Release Planning Models Mikael Svahnberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Systematic Review on Strategic Release Planning Models Mikael Svahnberg , Tony Gorschek, Robert reviewed, and relevant to the subject. Results. 24 strategic release planning models are found and mapped industry trials. Keywords. Strategic Release Planning Models, Systematic Review, Road-mapping, Requirements

Feldt, Robert

229

Training Program Handbook: A systematic approach to training  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This DOE handbook describes a systematic method for establishing and maintaining training programs that meet the requirements and expectations of DOE Orders 5480.18B and 5480.20. The systematic approach to training includes 5 phases: Analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation.

Not Available

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Power line harmonic radiation: A systematic study using DEMETER spacecraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power line harmonic radiation: A systematic study using DEMETER spacecraft F. Nemec a,b,*, O of a systematic survey of Power line harmonic radiation (PLHR) observed by the DEMETER spacecraft. DEME- TER frequency spacing corresponds well to the power system frequency at anticipated source locations. Moreover

Santolik, Ondrej

231

BEAM RELATED SYSTEMATICS IN HIGGS BOSON MASS MEASUREMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BEAM RELATED SYSTEMATICS IN HIGGS BOSON MASS MEASUREMENT A.RASPEREZA DESY, Notkestrasse 85, D­22607#erential luminosity spectrum measurements and beam energy spread on the precision of the Higgs boson mass measurement possible impact of the beam related systematic errors on the Higgs boson mass measurement is discussed

232

Recent Results on Semileptonic Decays at Babar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some recent BABAR results on semileptonic decays are presented. They focus on the determination of the CKM matrix elements |V{sub ub}| and |V{sub cb}| in inclusive and exclusive b {yields} u{ell}v and b {yields} c{ell}v decays, and on form factors measurement in exclusive c {yields} s{ell}v decays. Semileptonic decays play a crucial role in the determination of the unitarity triangle parameters: decays of the b quark give access to the CKM matrix elements |V{sub ub}| and |V{sub cb}|, while charm decays provide a way to validate lattice QCD computations through form factors measurements. Such calculations provide theoretical inputs that are used, especially, in the b sector. A lot of new results have been obtained by the BABAR collaboration during the last years, thanks to the large b{bar b} and c{bar c} production cross-sections and to the large recorded statistics. Some of these measurements are presented here.

Serrano, Justine; /Orsay, LAL

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

233

Observables in the decays of B to two vector mesons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In general there are nine observables in the decay of a B meson to two vector mesons defined in terms of polarization correlations of these mesons. Only six of these can be detected via the subsequent decay angular distributions because of parity conservation in those decays. The remaining three require the measurement of the spin polarization of one of the decay products.

Cheng-Wei Chiang and Lincoln Wolfenstein

2000-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

234

Decays of intermediate vector bosons, radiative corrections and QCD jets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate decay properties of the intermediate vector bosons W± and Z0. QED and QCD radiative corrections to leptonic and hadronic decay modes are calculated. Implications of the results for decay widths, branching ratios, determination of the number of neutrino species, e-?-? universality and properties of hadronic jets produced in W± and Z0 decays are examined.

David Albert; William J. Marciano; Daniel Wyler; Zohreh Parsa

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Calculated final state probability distributions for T2 -decay measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 1.6.1 Neutrinoless double beta decay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 1.6.2 Cosmological

Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

236

Analysis of environmental influences in nuclear half-life measurements exhibiting time-dependent decay rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent series of papers evidence has been presented for correlations between solar activity and nuclear decay rates. This includes an apparent correlation between Earth-Sun distance and data taken at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), and at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB). Although these correlations could arise from a direct interaction between the decaying nuclei and some particles or fields emanating from the Sun, they could also represent an "environmental" effect arising from a seasonal variation of the sensitivities of the BNL and PTB detectors due to changes in temperature, relative humidity, background radiation, etc. In this paper, we present a detailed analysis of the responses of the detectors actually used in the BNL and PTB experiments, and show that sensitivities to seasonal variations in the respective detectors are likely too small to produce the observed fluctuations.

Jenkins, Jere H; Fischbach, Ephraim

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Radiative Decay Modes of the Muon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 5-in. freon bubble chamber was used to search for the following decay modes of the ?+ meson: (1) ?+?e++?, (2) ?+?e++e-+e+, (3) ?+?e++?0+?¯0+?, (4) ?+?e++?0+?¯0+e++e-. Two exposures were made at the Carnegie Institute of Technology synchrocyclotron. A total of 200 000 pictures were taken yielding 3.3×105 ?+ meson decays.A total of 3×105 ?+ decays were examined for mode (1). No decays consistent with this mode were found. The upper limit on the branching ratio Rrad was found to be Rrad=(?+?e++?)(?+?e++?0+?¯0)<2.5×10-5.A total of 3.3×105 ?+ decays were scanned for mode (2) and no such decays were observed. The limit on the branching ratio R3e was found to be R3e=(?+?e++e-+e+)(?+?e++?0+?¯0)<4×10-6.The internal bremsstrahlung rate (mode 3) was measured for two values of E?0 (the minimum photon energy detected). The results were RIB=(?+?e++?0+?¯0+?)(?+?e++?0+?¯0), RIB=(1.4±0.4)×10-2, E?0=10 Mev, RIB=(3.3±1.3)×10-3, E?0=20 Mev.The rate of internal conversion of internal bremsstrahlung [mode (4)] was found to be RIC=(?+?e++?0+?¯0+e++e-)(?+?e++?0+?¯0)=(2.2±1.5)×10-5, E0=10 Mev, where E0 is the minimum energy of the internally converted ? ray.A summary is given of previous experiments on these decay modes and results are discussed with special reference to the intermediate boson scheme of weak four-fermion interactions.

R. R. Crittenden; W. D. Walker; J. Ballam

1961-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

12. CP violation in meson decays 1 12. CP VIOLATION IN MESON DECAYS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12. CP violation in meson decays 1 12. CP VIOLATION IN MESON DECAYS Revised May 2012 by D. Kirkby (UC Irvine) and Y. Nir (Weizmann Institute). The CP transformation combines charge conjugation C, for example, a left-handed electron e- L is transformed under CP into a right-handed positron, e+ R. If CP

239

12. CP violation in meson decays 1 12. CP VIOLATION IN MESON DECAYS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12. CP violation in meson decays 1 12. CP VIOLATION IN MESON DECAYS Revised August 2009 by D. Kirkby (UC Irvine) and Y. Nir (Weizmann Institute). The CP transformation combines charge conjugation C, for example, a left-handed electron e- L is transformed under CP into a right-handed positron, e+ R. If CP

240

Observation of Electromagnetic Dalitz decays J/?\\to P e^+e^-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on a sample of (225.3\\pm2.8)\\times 10^{6} J/\\psi events collected with the BESIII detector, the electromagnetic Dalitz decays of J/\\psi \\to P e^+e^-(P=\\eta'/\\eta/\\pi^0) are studied. By reconstructing the pseudoscalar mesons in various decay modes, the decays J/\\psi \\to \\eta' e^+e^-, J/\\psi \\to \\eta e^+e^- and J/\\psi \\to \\pi^0 e^+e^- are observed for the first time. The branching fractions are determined to be \\mathcal{B}(J/\\psi\\to \\eta' e^+e^-) = (5.81\\pm0.16\\pm0.31)\\times10^{-5}, \\mathcal{B}(J/\\psi\\to \\eta e^+e^-) = (1.16\\pm0.07\\pm0.06)\\times10^{-5}, and \\mathcal{B}(J/\\psi\\to \\pi^0 e^+e^-)=(7.56\\pm1.32\\pm0.50)\\times10^{-7}, where the first errors are statistical and the second ones systematic.

M. Ablikim; M. N. Achasov; X. C. Ai; O. Albayrak; M. Albrecht; D. J. Ambrose; F. F. An; Q. An; J. Z. Bai; R. Baldini Ferroli; Y. Ban; J. V. Bennett; M. Bertani; J. M. Bian; E. Boger; O. Bondarenko; I. Boyko; S. Braun; R. A. Briere; H. Cai; X. Cai; O. Cakir; A. Calcaterra; G. F. Cao; S. A. Cetin; J. F. Chang; G. Chelkov; G. Chen; H. S. Chen; J. C. Chen; M. L. Chen; S. J. Chen; X. Chen; X. R. Chen; Y. B. Chen; H. P. Cheng; X. K. Chu; Y. P. Chu; D. Cronin-Hennessy; H. L. Dai; J. P. Dai; D. Dedovich; Z. Y. Deng; A. Denig; I. Denysenko; M. Destefanis; W. M. Ding; Y. Ding; C. Dong; J. Dong; L. Y. Dong; M. Y. Dong; S. X. Du; J. Z. Fan; J. Fang; S. S. Fang; Y. Fang; L. Fava; C. Q. Feng; C. D. Fu; J. L. Fu; O. Fuks; Q. Gao; Y. Gao; C. Geng; K. Goetzen; W. X. Gong; W. Gradl; M. Greco; M. H. Gu; Y. T. Gu; Y. H. Guan; A. Q. Guo; L. B. Guo; T. Guo; Y. P. Guo; Y. L. Han; F. A. Harris; K. L. He; M. He; Z. Y. He; T. Held; Y. K. Heng; Z. L. Hou; C. Hu; H. M. Hu; J. F. Hu; T. Hu; G. M. Huang; G. S. Huang; H. P. Huang; J. S. Huang; L. Huang; X. T. Huang; Y. Huang; T. Hussain; C. S. Ji; Q. Ji; Q. P. Ji; X. B. Ji; X. L. Ji; L. L. Jiang; L. W. Jiang; X. S. Jiang; J. B. Jiao; Z. Jiao; D. P. Jin; S. Jin; T. Johansson; N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki; X. L. Kang; X. S. Kang; M. Kavatsyuk; B. Kloss; B. Kopf; M. Kornicer; W. Kuehn; A. Kupsc; W. Lai; J. S. Lange; M. Lara; P. Larin; M. Leyhe; C. H. Li; Cheng Li; Cui Li; D. Li; D. M. Li; F. Li; G. Li; H. B. Li; J. C. Li; K. Li; K. Li; Lei Li; P. R. Li; Q. J. Li; T. Li; W. D. Li; W. G. Li; X. L. Li; X. N. Li; X. Q. Li; Z. B. Li; H. Liang; Y. F. Liang; Y. T. Liang; D. X. Lin; B. J. Liu; C. L. Liu; C. X. Liu; F. H. Liu; Fang Liu; Feng Liu; H. B. Liu; H. H. Liu; H. M. Liu; J. Liu; J. P. Liu; K. Liu; K. Y. Liu; P. L. Liu; Q. Liu; S. B. Liu; X. Liu; Y. B. Liu; Z. A. Liu; Zhiqiang Liu; Zhiqing Liu; H. Loehner; X. C. Lou; G. R. Lu; H. J. Lu; H. L. Lu; J. G. Lu; X. R. Lu; Y. Lu; Y. P. Lu; C. L. Luo; M. X. Luo; T. Luo; X. L. Luo; M. Lv; F. C. Ma; H. L. Ma; Q. M. Ma; S. Ma; T. Ma; X. Y. Ma; F. E. Maas; M. Maggiora; Q. A. Malik; Y. J. Mao; Z. P. Mao; J. G. Messchendorp; J. Min; T. J. Min; R. E. Mitchell; X. H. Mo; Y. J. Mo; H. Moeini; C. Morales Morales; K. Moriya; N. Yu. Muchnoi; H. Muramatsu; Y. Nefedov; I. B. Nikolaev; Z. Ning; S. Nisar; X. Y. Niu; S. L. Olsen; Q. Ouyang; S. Pacetti; M. Pelizaeus; H. P. Peng; K. Peters; J. L. Ping; R. G. Ping; R. Poling; N. Q.; M. Qi; S. Qian; C. F. Qiao; L. Q. Qin; X. S. Qin; Y. Qin; Z. H. Qin; J. F. Qiu; K. H. Rashid; C. F. Redmer; M. Ripka; G. Rong; X. D. Ruan; A. Sarantsev; K. Schoenning; S. Schumann; W. Shan; M. Shao; C. P. Shen; X. Y. Shen; H. Y. Sheng; M. R. Shepherd; W. M. Song; X. Y. Song; S. Spataro; B. Spruck; G. X. Sun; J. F. Sun; S. S. Sun; Y. J. Sun; Y. Z. Sun; Z. J. Sun; Z. T. Sun; C. J. Tang; X. Tang; I. Tapan; E. H. Thorndike; D. Toth; M. Ullrich; I. Uman; G. S. Varner; B. Wang; D. Wang; D. Y. Wang; K. Wang; L. L. Wang; L. S. Wang; M. Wang; P. Wang; P. L. Wang; Q. J. Wang; S. G. Wang; W. Wang; X. F. Wang; Y. D. Wang; Y. F. Wang; Y. Q. Wang; Z. Wang; Z. G. Wang; Z. H. Wang; Z. Y. Wang; D. H. Wei; J. B. Wei; P. Weidenkaff; S. P. Wen; M. Werner; U. Wiedner; M. Wolke; L. H. Wu; N. Wu; Z. Wu; L. G. Xia; Y. Xia; D. Xiao; Z. J. Xiao; Y. G. Xie; Q. L. Xiu; G. F. Xu; L. Xu; Q. J. Xu; Q. N. Xu; X. P. Xu; Z. Xue; L. Yan; W. B. Yan; W. C. Yan; Y. H. Yan; H. X. Yang; L. Yang; Y. Yang; Y. X. Yang; H. Ye; M. Ye; M. H. Ye; B. X. Yu; C. X. Yu; H. W. Yu; J. S. Yu; S. P. Yu; C. Z. Yuan; W. L. Yuan; Y. Yuan; A. Yuncu; A. A. Zafar; A. Zallo; S. L. Zang; Y. Zeng; B. X. Zhang; B. Y. Zhang; C. Zhang; C. B. Zhang; C. C. Zhang; D. H. Zhang; H. H. Zhang; H. Y. Zhang; J. J. Zhang; J. Q. Zhang; J. W. Zhang; J. Y. Zhang; J. Z. Zhang; S. H. Zhang; X. J. Zhang; X. Y. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Y. H. Zhang; Z. H. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; Z. Y. Zhang; G. Zhao; J. W. Zhao; Lei Zhao; Ling Zhao; M. G. Zhao; Q. Zhao; Q. W. Zhao; S. J. Zhao; T. C. Zhao; X. H. Zhao; Y. B. Zhao; Z. G. Zhao; A. Zhemchugov; B. Zheng; J. P. Zheng; Y. H. Zheng; B. Zhong; L. Zhou; Li Zhou; X. Zhou; X. K. Zhou; X. R. Zhou; X. Y. Zhou; K. Zhu; K. J. Zhu; S. H. Zhu; X. L. Zhu; Y. C. Zhu; Y. S. Zhu; Z. A. Zhu; J. Zhuang; B. S. Zou; J. H. Zou

2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

U234 excited states fed in the ? decay of Pa234  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The decay of radiochemically separated Pa234 (UZ) sources has been reinvestigated by means of single and ?-? coincidence spectrometry using planar and high efficiency coaxial HPGe detectors. Of the 330 ? rays observed in the 40–2100 keV energy range, of which 140 are new, more than 310 ? rays are accommodated in an improved U234 level scheme, accounting for 98% of the Pa234 ? decay; of the 77 excited states observed here, 37 had not been previously found in this decay. Within the framework of the collective model of strongly deformed nuclei, couplings between the collective positive parity K?=01+ (g.s. band), 02+, 21+, 03+, and 22+ bands are estimated from the perturbed transition probabilities and the distortions to the adiabatic energy systematics. The Coriolis interaction weakly coupling the K?=0-, 1-, and 2- octupole bands was evaluated consistently by a fit to the experimental energy levels. Several new levels and a tentative K?=3+ band (at 1770 keV) are discussed in terms of Nilsson orbitals assignments.

C. Ardisson; J. Dalmasso; G. Ardisson

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Electric dipole moment in KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} systematically modified by proton irradiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have carried out an impedance spectroscopy study on a series of proton-irradiated KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} (KDP) systems. A systematic modification was observed in the transverse dipole moment of the proton-irradiated KDP systems, associated with hydrogen-ion displacements, as obtained from dielectric constant measurements by using a mean-field approximation. Besides, intercorrelation of the charge transport with the dielectric properties was revealed, both having closely to do with the hydrogen-bond modification.

Jin Kweon, Jung; Lee, Cheol Eui [Department of Physics and Institute for Nano Science, Korea University, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of); Noh, S. J.; Kim, H. S. [Department of Applied Physics, Dankook University, Yongin 448-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Rare and forbidden decays of D Mesons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors summarize the results of two recent searches for flavor-changing neutral current, lepton-flavor violating, and lepton-number violating decays of D{sup +}, D{sub s}{sup +}, and D{sup 0} mesons (and their antiparticles) into modes containing muons and electrons. using data from Fermilab charm hadroproduction experiment E791, they examined D{sup +} and D{sub s}{sup +} {pi}{ell}{ell} and {Kappa}{ell}{ell} decay modes and the D{sup 0} dilepton decay modes containing either {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup {minus}}, a {rho}{sup 0}, {bar {Kappa}}*{sup 0}, or {phi} vector meson, or a non-resonant {pi}{pi}, {Kappa}{pi}, or {Kappa}{Kappa} pair of pseudoscalar mesons. No evidence for any of these decays was found. Therefore, the authors presented branching-fraction upper limits at 90% confidence level for the 51 decay modes examined. Twenty-six of these modes had no previously reported limits, and eighteen of the remainder were reported with significant improvements over previously published results.

David A. Sanders et al.

2001-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

244

Random matrix description of decaying quantum systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This contribution describes a statistical model for decaying quantum systems (e.g. photo-dissociation or -ionization). It takes the interference between direct and indirect decay processes explicitely into account. The resulting expressions for the partial decay amplitudes and the corresponding cross sections may be considered a many-channel many-resonance generalization of Fano's original work on resonance lineshapes [Phys. Rev 124, 1866 (1961)]. A statistical (random matrix) model is then introduced. It allows to describe chaotic scattering systems with tunable couplings to the decay channels. We focus on the autocorrelation function of the total (photo) cross section, and we find that it depends on the same combination of parameters, as the Fano-parameter distribution. These combinations are statistical variants of the one-channel Fano parameter. It is thus possible to study Fano interference (i.e. the interference between direct and indirect decay paths) on the basis of the autocorrelation function, and thereby in the regime of overlapping resonances. It allows us, to study the Fano interference in the limit of strongly overlapping resonances, where we find a persisting effect on the level of the weak localization correction.

T. Gorin

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

245

Leptonic B Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors will present the most recent results on leptonic B decays B{sup {+-}(0)} {yields} K*{sup {+-}(0)} {nu}{bar {nu}} and B{sup {+-}} {yields} {mu}{sup {+-}}{nu}, based on the data collected by the BaBar detector at PEP-II, an asymmetric e{sup +}e{sup -} collider at the center of mass energy of the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. Rare B decays have always been a standard probe for New Physics (NP) searches. The very low Standard Model (SM) rate of these decays often make them unaccessible with the present experimental datasets, unless NP effects enhance the rate up to the current experimental sensitivity. Moreover, as NP effects can modify the decay kinematic, particular attention must be payed in order to perform a model independent analysis. A B-Factory provides an unique environment where to investigate these processes. The high number of B{bar B} pairs produced by a B-Factory often allows to approach the needed experimental sensitivity. Moreover, the clean environment and the closed kinematic of the initial state enable to obtaining a very pure sample where to look for these decays.

Monorchio, Diego; /INFN, Naples /Naples U.

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

246

Neutron decay beyond the standard model.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors discuss {beta} decay interactions in extensions of the Standard Model, and the role of {beta} decay experiments in obtaining information on them. Nuclear and neutron {beta} decay played an important role in the development of the Standard Model (SM). Today a major motivation for their further experimental study is the importance of searching for new-interactions. Despite the remarkable success of the SM, for many theoretical reasons the existence of new physics is expected. In fact, we have already the first strong experimental evidence, in the form of neutrino oscillations, that some extension of the SM is required. In this talk we shall discuss {beta} decay interactions in extensions of the SM [1]. We shall review the existing bounds on new interactions provided by {beta} decay experiments, and consider the constraints on them from other sources. In the next section we focus on time-reversal (T) invariant contributions. In Section 3 we discuss briefly the contributions from the T-violating components of the new interactions. Section 4 contains our conclusions.

Herczeg, P. (Peter)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Lab's 70th Anniversary lecture series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

February 2013 » February 2013 » Lab's 70th Anniversary Lecture Series Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit Lab's 70th Anniversary lecture series The Bradbury Science Museum is hosting a public lecture series with a different talk held each month through the end of the year. February 1, 2013 dummy image Read our archives. Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email All lectures begin at 5:30 p.m. and are held at the museum,1350 Central Avenue, Los Alamos. To mark the Laboratory's 70th anniversary this year, its Bradbury Science Museum is hosting a public lecture series with a different talk held each month through the end of the year. They are free and open to the public on

248

Celebrating Einstein A Series of Articles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Series of Articles A Series of Articles "Albert Einstein is undoubtedly one of the most fascinating and influential figures of the modern era. As a preeminent physicist, he radically transformed our understanding of the universe." - Edited excerpt from Albert Einstein, Albert Einstein Archives, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem In this series about Albert EinsteinÂ’s body of work, his discoveries are related to todayÂ’s research, technology, and common knowledge. Series themes include "How did Einstein know that?" and "How did Einstein figure that out?" and they focus either on conveying a major concept or on the reasoning that led to it. These articles will also cover EinsteinÂ’s major 1905 writings and address his general theory of relativity. In consideration of 2005 being designated as the World Year of Physics, the release of these articles is especially appropriate.

249

The Manhattan Project National Security History Series  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The Manhattan Project National Security History Series 5 Visit our Manhattan Project web site: http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/index.htm 5 DOE/MA-0002 Revised F. G. Gosling Office of History and Heritage Resources Executive Secretariat Office of Management Department of Energy January 2010 The Manhattan Project National Security History Series 5 National Security History Series Volume I: The Manhattan Project: Making the Atomic Bomb Volume II: Building the Nuclear Arsenal: Cold War Nuclear Weapons Development and Production, 1946-1989 (in progress) Volume III: Nonproliferation and Stockpile Stewardship: The Nuclear Weapons Complex in the Post-Cold War World (projected) The National Security History Series is a joint project of the Office

250

Summer Series 2012 - Conversation with Omar Yaghi  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Jeff Miller, head of Public Affairs, sat down in conversation with Omar Yaghi, director of the Molecular Foundry, in the first of a series of "powerpoint-free" talks on July 11th 2012, at Berkeley Lab.

Omar Yaghi

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

251

ORC Seminar Series Presents: "Nonlinear laser lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORC Seminar Series Presents: "Nonlinear laser lithography: formation of self-authored 50 journal and more than 150 conference papers and he has given more than 100 invited talks. http://www.orc

Anderson, Jim

252

2012-2013 Series College of Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2012-2013 Series College of Agriculture and School of Human Environmental Sciences University about the accreditation of University of Kentucky. AgriculturalBiotechnology Agriculturalbiotechnologyencompassescellularandmolecularapproaches to the manipulation and improvement of agricultural plants, animals and microorganisms

Hayes, Jane E.

253

Climate Change Task Force Webinar Series  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The four-part Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country webinar series provided tribal leaders an opportunity to share their insights, experiences, and ideas with President Obama’s State, Local,...

254

Frontiers in Biological Sciences Seminar Series Presents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frontiers in Biological Sciences Seminar Series Presents Integrated Molecular Approaches to Study Professor, Departments of Earth and Planetary Science and Environmental Science, Policy, Management) methods with geochemical approaches, it has been possible to begin to determine how these communities

255

CLEAN Webinar Series 2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

JPG Triangle Right.JPG Webinar3.JPG Webinar4.JPG Webinar5.JPG Ret rieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCLEANWebinarSeries2&oldid67800...

256

CLEAN Webinar Series 3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

JPG Webinar3.JPG Triangle Right.JPG Webinar4.JPG Webinar5.JPG Ret rieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCLEANWebinarSeries3&oldid678001...

257

2014-2015Series Public Health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014-2015Series College of Public Health University of Kentucky is accredited by the Southern) .......................................................... 3 *BST 330 Statistical Thinking for Population Health *CPH 201 Introduction to Public Health

MacAdam, Keith

258

Summer Series 2012 - Conversation with Kathy Yelick  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Jeff Miller, head of Public Affairs, sat down in conversation with Kathy Yelick, Associate Berkeley Lab Director, Computing Sciences, in the second of a series of "powerpoint-free" talks on July 18th 2012, at Berkeley Lab.

Kathy Yelick

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

259

ACS SYMPOSIUM SERIES 966 Rational Environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACS SYMPOSIUM SERIES 966 Rational Environmental Management of Agrochemicals Risk Assessment-Bayo, Editor Chiha University Sponsored by the ACS Division of Agrochemicals American Chemical Society of agrochemicals : risk assessment, monitoring, and remedial action / Ivan R. Kennedy, editor. ..[et al

Hammock, Bruce D.

260

Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration Series Editor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Springer Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration Series Editor: Govindjee, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA Volume 29 Photosynthesis in silico Understanding Complexity from Molecules to Ecosystems Edited by; A. Laisk, L. Nedbal, and Govindjee Photosynthesis in silico

Govindjee "Gov"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Laboratory services series: a programmed maintenance system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The diverse facilities, operations and equipment at a major national research and development laboratory require a systematic, analytical approach to operating equipment maintenance. A computer-scheduled preventive maintenance program is described including program development, equipment identification, maintenance and inspection instructions, scheduling, personnel, and equipment history.

Tuxbury, D.C.; Srite, B.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Measurements of B?Ds(+)X decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. THE B?DS ?*?1D¯ ?*? DECAY RATES In the dominant process leading to a two-body decay of the type B!Ds(*)1D (*), shown in Fig. 1, the Ds(*)1 is pro- duced from the fragmentation of the W1. The analogous b!u transitions lead to final states like Ds1p2...*5280 MeV, Vcb50.038, tB51.52 ps , and ua1u51.07 @14#, which was derived from B0!D (*)1p2/r2 decays. The CLEO II values are the values of Table VIII with all of the errors added in quadrature. Model Ds 1D¯ Ds* 1D¯ Ds 1D¯* Ds* 1D¯* BSW @19# 1.69 0.99 0...

Baringer, Philip S.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Factorization in B ---> V gamma decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The factorization properties of the radiative decays B {yields} V{gamma} are analyzed at leading order in 1/m{sub b} using the soft-collinear effective theory. It is shown that the decay amplitudes can be expressed in terms of a B {yields} V form factor evaluated at q{sup 2} = 0, light-cone distribution amplitudes of the B and V mesons, and calculable hard-scattering kernels. The renormalization-group equations in the effective theory are solved to resum perturbative logarithms of the different scales in the decay process. Phenomenological implications for the B {yields} K*{gamma} branching ratio, isospin asymmetry, and CP asymmetries are discussed, with particular emphasis on possible effects from physics beyond the Standard Model.

Becher, Thomas; /Fermilab; Hill, Richard J.; /SLAC; Neubert, Matthias; /Cornell U., LEPP

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

BES Results on Charmonium Decays and Transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results are reported based on samples of 58 million $J/\\psi$ and 14 million $\\psi(2S)$ decays obtained by the BESII experiment. Improved branching fraction measurements are determined, including branching fractions for $J/\\psi\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0$, $\\psi(2S)\\to \\pi^0 J/\\psi$, $\\eta J/\\psi$, $\\pi^0 \\pi^0 J/\\psi$, anything $J/\\psi$, and $\\psi(2S)\\to\\gamma\\chi_{c1},\\gamma\\chi_{c2}\\to\\gamma\\gamma\\jpsi$. Using 14 million $\\psi(2S)$ events, $f_0(980)f_0(980)$ production in $\\chi_{c0}$ decays and $K^*(892)^0\\bar K^*(892)^0$ production in $\\chi_{cJ}~(J=0,1,2)$ decays are observed for the first time, and branching ratios are determined.

Frederick A. Harris

2004-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

265

Rare K decays: Challenges and Perspectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At this stage of the LHC program, the prospect for a new physics signal in the very rare K ---> pi nu nu bar decays may be dented, but remains well alive thanks to their intrinsic qualities. First, these decays are among the cleanest observables in the quark flavor sector. When combined with their terrible suppression in the Standard Model, they thus offer uniquely sensitive probes. Second, the LHC capabilities are not ideal for all kinds of new physics, even below the TeV scale. For example, rather elusive scenarios like natural-SUSY-like hierarchical spectrum, baryon number violation, or new very light but very weakly interacting particles may well induce deviations in rare K decays. Even though experimentalists should brace themselves for tiny deviations, these modes thus have a clear role to play in the LHC era.

Christopher Smith

2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

266

Correlations and the neutrinoless double beta decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We explore the influence of the deformation on the nuclear matrix elements of the neutrinoless double beta decay (NME) concluding that the difference in deformation ?or more generally on the amount of quadrupole correlations? between parent and grand daughter nuclei quenchs strongly the decay. We discuss how varies the nuclear matrix element of 76 Ge decay when the wave functions of the two nuclei involved in the transition are constrained to reproduce the experimental occupancies. In the Interacting Shell Model description the value of the NME is enhanced about 15% compared to previous calculations whereas in the QRPA the NME’s are reduced by 20%–30% thus the discrepancies between both approaches diminish.

J. Menéndez; A. Poves; E. Caurier; F. Nowacki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Factorization in B to V gamma Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The factorization properties of the radiative decays B {yields} V{gamma} are analyzed at leading order in 1/mb using the soft-collinear effective theory. It is shown that the decay amplitudes can be expressed in terms of a B {yields} V form factor evaluated at q{sup 2} = 0, light-cone distribution amplitudes of the B and V mesons, and calculable hard-scattering kernels. The renormalization-group equations in the effective theory are solved to resume perturbative logarithms of the different scales in the decay process. Phenomenological implications for the B {yields} K*{gamma} branching ratio, isospin asymmetry, and CP asymmetries are discussed, with particular emphasis on possible effects from physics beyond the Standard Model.

Becher, T

2005-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

268

Physics 116A Winter 2011 The Alternating Series Test  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics 116A Winter 2011 The Alternating Series Test An alternating series is defined to be a series of the form: S = n=0 (-1)n an , (1) where all the an > 0. The alternating series test is a set and/or property 2 do not hold, then the alternating series test is inconclusive. Note that property 1

California at Santa Cruz, University of

269

Physics 116A Winter 2011 The Alternating Series Test  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics 116A Winter 2011 The Alternating Series Test An alternating series is defined to be a series of the form: S = # # n=0 (-1) n a n , (1) where all the a n > 0. The alternating series test but property 1 and/or property 2 do not hold, then the alternating series test is inconclusive. Note

California at Santa Cruz, University of

270

A systematic analysis of defenses against code reuse attacks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we developed a systematic model of the code reuse attack space where facts about attacks and defenses were represented as propositional statements in boolean logic and the possibility of deploying malware ...

Casteel, Kelly (Kelly C.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Advance of Systematic Design Methods on Fuzzy Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) system possesses some characteristics such as multi-parameters, nonlinear, and coupled parameters. Aimed at control problems, the author targets real-time fuzzy control and research systematically...

Zhang, J.; Chen, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Robustness to systematics for future dark energy probes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......acoustic oscillation (BAO) surveys. For the simplified systematic...somewhat more robust probe of dark energy parameters than the BAO. We...upcoming large-scale cosmological surveys, such as Dark Energy Survey (DES),1 Baryon Oscillation......

Marisa C. March; Roberto Trotta; Luca Amendola; Dragan Huterer

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

273

Systematic evaluation of the reliability of marine diesel engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A systematic model is proposed for evaluating the operational reliability of marine diesel engines. In mathematical terms, the model is ... permits the estimation of the overall reliability of marine diesel engines

G. S. Gamidov; N. K. Sanaev; Z. I. Adeev

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Cirrus Classification at Midlatitude from Systematic Lidar Observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Systematic cirrus lidar measurements performed in the south of France during 2000 are analyzed statistically to search for cloud classes. The classes are based on cloud characteristics (cloud thickness, light backscattering efficiency, and its ...

P. Keckhut; F. Borchi; S. Bekki; A. Hauchecorne; M. SiLaouina

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Hydrogen, Oxygen and Silicon Isotope Systematics in Lunar Material  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

31 March 1977 research-article Hydrogen, Oxygen and Silicon Isotope Systematics...are supported: (1) The bulk of the hydrogen in the lunar soils represents protons...samples of relatively detuerium rich hydrogen are found, probably resulting from in...

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Time Series Evaluation of Radiation Portal Monitor Data for Point Source Detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The time series of data from a Radiation Portal Monitor (RPM) system are evaluated for the presence of point sources by isolating the contribution of anomalous radiation. Energy-windowed background spectra taken from the RPM are compared with the observed spectra at each time step during a vehicle drive-through. The total signal is turned into a spectral distance index using this method. This provides a time series with reduced systematic fluctuations due to background attenuation by the vehicle, and allows for point source detection by time-series analyses. The anomalous time series is reanalyzed by using a wavelet filter function of similar size to the expected source profile. A number of real drive-through data sets taken at a U.S. port of entry are analyzed in this way. A set of isotopes are injected into the data set, and the resultant benign and injected data sets are analyzed with gross-counting, spectral-ratio, and time-based algorithms. Spectral and time methods together offer a significant increase to detection performance.

Robinson, Sean M.; Bender, Sarah E.; Flumerfelt, Eric L.; Lopresti, Charles A.; Woodring, Mitchell L.

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

277

Nonfactorization in Cabibbo-favored B decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We assume universal values for the color-singlet (?1) and color-octet (?8) nonfactorization parameters in B decays. Two sets of color-favored processes and one set of color-suppressed processes were used to give quantitative estimates of these parameters. It has been found (by calculating the branching ratios for a large number of Cabibbo-favored B decays) that the values ?1(?0)=-0.06±0.03 and ?8(?0)=0.12±0.02 improve significantly the predictions of the factorization model.

F. M. Al-Shamali and A. N. Kamal

1999-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

278

On the neutrinoless double ?{sup +}/EC decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutrinoless double positron-emission/electron-capture (0??{sup +}/EC) decays are studied for the magnitudes of the involved nuclear matrix elements (NMEs). Decays to the ground state, 0{sub gs}{sup +}, and excited 0{sup +} states are discussed. The participant many-body wave functions are evaluated in the framework of the quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA). Effective, G-matrix-derived nuclear forces are used in realistic single-particle model spaces. The channels ?{sup +}?{sup +}, ?{sup +}EC, and the resonant neutrinoless double electron capture (R0?ECEC) are discussed.

Suhonen, Jouni [Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35 (YFL), FI-40014 University of Jyväskylä (Finland)

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

279

Decay study of Inm104,g  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Ing104 and Inm104 nuclei have been produced by means of the following reactions: Cd106(p,3n), Mo92(14N,2n), Mo92(16O,p3n), Mo92(20Ne,3p5n). Their decay has been investigated after mass separation. From ?+, ?, and x direct spectra and ?-?-T, ?-x-T, and ?-?-T coincidences, a Cd104 level scheme has been constructed. The observation of an intense background of statistical ? rays, emitted after strong ? decay to high energy levels, resolves the problems of previously published work concerning ?-ray intensities, spin determinations, and QEC values.

J. Vanhorenbeeck; E. Coenen; P. Decrock; P. Dendooven; K. Deneffe; M. Huyse; G. Reusen; P. Van Duppen; J. Wauters; P. del Marmol

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

A1-?-? System and ??l?? Decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is pointed out that an accurate experimental determination of the ratio r of the structure-dependent axial-vector to the vector contribution in ??l?? decay can settle the question of subtraction in the dispersion relation for the relevant amplitude which determines the axial-vector contribution in this decay, as well as in the electromagnetic form factor of the pion. Further, it is shown that the value of r is sensitive to the value of the parameter ? which enters into the A1-?-? system for theoretical determination of the A1??? and ??2? widths.

Riazuddin and Fayyazuddin

1968-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

BaBar: Rare Charmless B Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three two body and two resonance decays of the B mesons have been measured using data from the BABAR detector: B{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup {+-}}, K{sup {-+}}, K{sup +}K{sup -}, K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and B{sup 0} {yields} a{sub 1}{sup +}(1260){pi}{sup -}. The branching ratio and that of some intermediate resonances are presented along with the Cp asymmetry of the decay B{sup 0} {yields} K*{sup +}{pi}{sup -}.

Hutchcroft, D.; /Liverpool U.

2006-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

282

Electromagnetic corrections to pseudoscalar decay constants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of electromagnetic interactions on pseudoscalar decay constants are investigated. Using a compact QED and QCD action we are able to resolve differences of about 0.1 MeV. We obtain the preliminary results f_pi^0-f_pi^+/- =0.09(3) MeV and f_D^0-f_D^+/- =0.79(11) MeV for light and charmed pseudoscalar decay constants on a N_f=2 nonperturbatively improved Sheikholeslami-Wohlert ensemble.

Benjamin Glaessle; Gunnar S. Bali

2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

283

Neutrinoless double beta decay and neutrino masses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutrinoless double beta decay (0???) is a promising test for lepton number violating physics beyond the standard model (SM) of particle physics. There is a deep connection between this decay and the phenomenon of neutrino masses. In particular we will discuss the relation between 0??? and Majorana neutrino masses provided by the so-called Schechter-Valle theorem in a quantitative way. Furthermore we will present an experimental cross check to discriminate 0??? from unknown nuclear background using only one isotope i.e. within one experiment.

Michael Duerr

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Antimicrobial Treatment Effect Estimation in Complicated Urinary Tract Infection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...registration trials. The systematic review included published clinical...Administration (FDA). The systematic review incorporated the principles...A predefined meta-analysis plan defined the efficacy variables...literature searches and systematic reviews to identify published historical...

Krishan P. Singh; Gang Li; Fanny S. Mitrani-Gold; Milena Kurtinecz; Jeffrey Wetherington; John F. Tomayko; Linda M. Mundy

2013-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

285

Measurement of the Top Quark Mass Simultaneously in Dilepton and Lepton + Jets Decay Channels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present the first measurement of the top quark mass using simultaneously data from two decay channels. They use a data sample of {radical}s = 1.96 TeV collisions with integrated luminosity of 1.9 fb{sup -1} collected by the CDF II detector. They select dilepton and lepton + jets channel decays of t{bar t} pairs and reconstruct two observables in each topology. They use non-parametric techniques to derive probability density functions from simulated signal and background samples. The observables are the reconstructed top quark mass and the scalar sum of transverse energy of the event in the dilepton topology and the reconstructed top quark mass and the invariant mass of jets from the W boson decay in lepton + jets channel. They perform a simultaneous fit for the top quark mass and the jet energy scale which is constrained in situ by the hadronic W boson resonance from the lepton + jets channel. Using 144 dilepton candidate events and 332 lepton + jets candidate events they measure: M{sub top} = 171.9 {+-} 1.7 (stat. + JES) {+-} 1.1 (other sys.) GeV/c{sup 2} = 171.9 {+-} 2.0 GeV/c{sup 2}. The measurement features a robust treatment of the systematic uncertainties, correlated between the two channels and develops techniques for a future top quark mass measurement simultaneously in all decay channels. Measurements of the W boson mass and the top quark mass provide a constraint on the mass of the yet unobserved Higgs boson. The Higgs boson mass implied by measurement presented here is higher than Higgs boson mass implied by previously published, most precise CDF measurements of the top quark mass in lepton + jets and dilepton channels separately.

Fedorko, Wojciech T.; /Chicago U.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Neutrinoless double beta decay in deformed nuclei: its implications in particle and nuclear physics .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In my thesis, we calculated the Nuclear Matrix Elements (NME) for neutrinoless double beta decay (0??? decay). Neutrinoless double beta decay is a rare nuclear… (more)

Fang, DongLiang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Joint Outreach Task Group Video Series | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Video Series Joint Outreach Task Group Video Series The purpose of this video series is to provide an overview of the roles and responsibilities of the federal government offices...

288

Measurements of the persistent current decay and snapback effect in Nb3Sn Fermilab-built accelerator prototype magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years, Fermilab has been performing an intensive R an D program on Nb{sub 3}Sn accelerator magnets. This program has included dipole and quadrupole magnets for different programs and projects, including LARP and VLHC. A systematic study of the persistent current decay and snapback effect in the fields of these magnets was executed at the Fermilab Magnet Test Facility. The decay and snapback were measured under a range of conditions including variations of the current ramp parameters and flattop and injection plateau durations. This study has mostly focused on the dynamic behavior of the normal sextupole and dodecapole components in dipole and quadrupole magnets respectively. The paper summarizes the recent measurements and presents a comparison with previously measured NbTi magnets.

Velev, G.V.; Chlachidze, G.; DiMarco, J.; Kashikhin, V.V.; /Fermilab

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Observation of the Upsilon(13DJ ) Bottomonium State through Decays to pi+pi-Upsilon(1S)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on 122X10{sup 6} {upsilon}(3S) events collected with the BABAR detector, we have observed the {upsilon}(1{sup 3}D{sub J}) bottomonium state through the {upsilon}(3S){yields}{gamma}{gamma}{upsilon}(1{sup 3}D{sub J}){yields}{gamma}{gamma}{pi}{sub +}{pi}{sub -}{upsilon}(1S) decay chain. The significance is 6.2 standard deviations including systematic uncertainties. The mass of the J = 2 member of the {upsilon}(1{sup 3}D{sub J}) triplet is determined to be 10164.5{-+}0.8 (stat.) {-+} 0.5 (syst.) MeV/c{sup 2}. We use the {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} invariant mass and decay angular distributions to confirm the consistency of the observed state with the orbital angular momentum and parity assignments of the {upsilon}(1{sup 3}D{sub J}).

del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; Tanabe, T.; /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2010-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

290

Measurement of CP Content and Time-Dependent CP Violation in B0 --> D*+D*- Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation presents the measurement of the Cp-odd fraction and time-dependent CP violation parameters for the B{sup 0} {yields} D*{sup +} D*{sup -} decay. These results are based on the full BABAR dataset of (467 {+-} 5) x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} pairs collected at the PEP-II B Factory at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. An angular analysis finds that the CP-odd fraction of the B{sup 0} {yields} D*{sup +} D*{sup -} decay is R{sub {perpendicular}} = 0.158 {+-} 0.028 {+-} 0.006, where the first uncertainty is statistical, and the second is systematic. A fit to the flavor-tagged, time-dependent, angular decay rate yields C{sub +} = 0.02 {+-} 0.12 {+-} 0.02; C{sub {perpendicular}} = 0.41 {+-} 0.50 {+-} 0.08; S{sub +} = -0.76 {+-} 0.16 {+-} 0.04; S{sub {perpendicular}} = -1.81 {+-} 0.71 {+-} 0.16, for the CP-odd ({perpendicular}) and CP-even (+) contributions. Constraining these two contributions to be the same results in C = 0.047 {+-} 0.091 {+-} 0.019; S = -0.71 {+-} 0.16 {+-} 0.03. These measurements are consistent with the Standard Model and with measurements of sin2{beta} from B{sup 0} {yields} (c{bar c})K{sup 0} decays.

Anderson, Jacob M.; /SLAC; ,

2009-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

291

E-Print Network 3.0 - acquisition systematic review Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- A selection of the latest systematic reviews added to the ARIF Reviews... , Bouter LM, de Vet HC. Rating the methodological quality in systematic reviews of studies on...

292

Slepton Discovery in Electroweak Cascade Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The LHC studies on the MSSM slepton sector have mostly been focused on direct slepton Drell-Yan pair production. In this paper, we analyze the case when the sleptons are lighter than heavy neutralinos and can appear in the on-shell decay of neutralino states. In particular, we have studied the \\chi_1^\\pm \\chi_2^0 associated production, with the consequent decays of \\chi_1^\\pm and \\chi_2^0 via on-shell sleptons. The invariant mass of the lepton pairs, m_{\\ell\\ell}, from the neutralino decay has a distinctive triangle shape with a sharp kinematic cutoff. We discuss the utilization of this triangle shape in m_{\\ell\\ell} distribution to identify the slepton signal. We studied the trilepton plus missing E_T signal and obtained the effective cross section, \\sigma \\times BR \\times acceptance, that is needed for a 5\\sigma discovery as a function of the cutoff mass for the LHC with center of mass energy 14 TeV and 100 fb^{-1} integrated luminosity. Our results are model independent such that they could be applied to other models with similar decay topology. When applied to the MSSM under simple assumptions, it is found that with 100 fb^{-1} integrated luminosity, a discovery reach in the left-handed slepton mass of about 600 GeV could be reached, which extends far beyond the slepton mass reach in the usual Drell-Yan studies.

Jonathan Eckel; William Shepherd; Shufang Su

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

293

CP violation in charged-kaon decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The CP-violating asymmetry [?(K+??+?+?-) -?(K-??-?-?+)]/[? (K+??+?+?-)+?(K- ??-?-?+)] is determined by CP violation in kaon decay amplitudes. We derive an expression for this asymmetry in the standard six-quark model including CP violation from both strong and electromagnetic penguin-type diagrams.

B. Grinstein; Soo-Jong Rey; Mark B. Wise

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Nuclear physics aspects of double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comprehensive description of the phenomenology of the $\\beta\\beta$ decay is given, with emphasis on the nuclear physics aspects. After a brief review of the neutrino oscillation results and of motivation to test the lepton number conservation, the mechanism of the $0\

Petr Vogel

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

295

Radioactivity: Olympic Games: dirty and decaying?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radioactivity: Olympic Games: dirty and decaying? Awards: SciCast rewards the best in scientific short films Conference: Teachers conference is big in Boston Workshop: Experts and teachers mingle in Mexico Awards: Olympiad holds lavish ceremony Cinema: Indiana Jones has a skull full of physics Conference: ESERA announces Turkish delight for 2009 Forthcoming Events

296

Muon decay in a laser field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the change in the decay rate of a muon caused by embedding it in the field of a laser. A previous paper found that the change could be large, as much as an order of magnitude. We find the more intuitive result that the change is small and give analytic expressions for the small corrections.

Duane A. Dicus; Arsham Farzinnia; Wayne W. Repko; Todd M. Tinsley

2009-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

297

Neutrinoless Double $?$-Decay: Status and Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A brief summary of the status of neutrino masses, mixing and oscillations is presented. Neutrinoless double $\\beta$-decay is considered. Predictions for the effective Majorana mass are reviewed. A possible test of the calculations of nuclear matrix elements of the $0\

S. M. Bilenky

2005-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

298

Study of Michel spectrum of tau decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is the beginning of a larger project to use BaBar to examine weak couplings through leptonic [tau] decay. I will use the ratio of Br... and Br... and the Michel parameters [rho] and [eta]. which describe the ...

Ackerman, Nicole (Nicole L.)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Search for rare and forbidden eta ' decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have searched for rare and forbidden decays of the eta' meson in hadronic events at the CLEO II detector. The search is conducted on 4.80 fb(-1) of e(+)e(-) collisions at 10.6 GeV center-of-mass energy at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. We...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhou, X.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Search for neutrinoless ? decays: ??e? and ????  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for the lepton-family-number-violating decays ??e? and ???? has been performed using CLEO II data. No evidence of a signal has been found and the corresponding upper limits are B(??e?)<2.7×10(-6) and B(????)<3.0×10(-6) at 90% C.L....

Baringer, Philip S.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

O?[]O? nuclear ?-decay of ?²Ga  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The branching ratio for the ?-Decay of ?²Ga to the first excited O? state in ?²Zn has been measured. It is possible to use this branching ratio to test the theoretical method of calculating the [] component of the charge correction term [], which...

Hyman, Bruce Carl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

302

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay and ??Mass Determination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay could improve our knowledge on neutrino properties. After a brief discussion on the implications of the observation of this rare process I will introduce the experimental approaches and review the prospects of the search for this nuclear transition.

M. Pedretti

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

A new expected upper limit on the rare decay B(s) ---> mu+ mu- with the D0 experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a new expected upper limit of the rare decay branching ratio B{sub s} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} using about 5 fb{sup -1} of Run II data collected with the D0 detector at the Tevatron. When setting limits on the branching ratio, selected events are normalized to reconstructed B{sup {+-}} {yields} J/{Psi}K{sup {+-}} events in order to decrease the systematic uncertainty. The resulting expected upper limit is {Beta}(B{sub s} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}) = 4.3(5.3) x 10{sup -8} at the 90% (95%) C.L.

Ripp-Baudot, Isabelle; /Strasbourg, IPHC

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program Webinar Series...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program Webinar Series-- 2 Evalution, Monitoring & Verification Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program Webinar Series-- 2...

305

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program Webinar Series...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program Webinar Series-- 1 Overview and Cost Effectiveness Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program Webinar Series-- 1 Overview and...

306

National Adaptation Forum Webinar Series: Out of Town, Not Out...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Adaptation Forum Webinar Series: Out of Town, Not Out of Trouble: Small Agriculture and Indigenous Communities National Adaptation Forum Webinar Series: Out of Town, Not Out of...

307

DOE Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar Series 2015 Flier  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Power Administration (Western), is pleased to continue its sponsorship of the DOE Tribal Renewable Energy Webinar Series for 2015. The webinar series is part of DOE's coordinated...

308

Chassis Dynamometer Testing of Parallel and Series Diesel Hybrid...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Chassis Dynamometer Testing of Parallel and Series Diesel Hybrid Buses Chassis Dynamometer Testing of Parallel and Series Diesel Hybrid Buses Emissions and fuel economy data were...

309

3800 Green Series Cost Elements | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

(formerly EPP) Program 3800 Green Series Cost Elements 06112014 (Rev. 7) 3800 Green Series Cost Elements More Documents & Publications 1 OPAM Policy Acquisition Guides...

310

Building America Best Practices Series, Volume 13 - Energy Performance...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Series, Volume 13 - Energy Performance Techniques and Technologies: Perserving Historic Homes Building America Best Practices Series, Volume 13 - Energy Performance Techniques and...

311

Measuring CP violation in 3- and 4-body decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multibody charm decays have a rich phenomenology and potentially unique sensitivity to CP violation. In these proceedings we discuss recent results, challenges and prospects in searches for CP violation in three and four body charm decays.

Jonas Rademacker

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

312

Leptonic $D_s$ decays at $B$-factories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review recent measurements of leptonic $D_s$-meson decays performed by Belle and BaBar collaborations. Described measurements enable experimental extraction of the $D_s$-meson decay constant which can be compared with lattice QCD calculations.

A. Zupanc

2013-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

313

Sensitivity of CUORE to Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensitivity of CUORE to Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay b c,:Results of the Search for Neutrinoless D o u b l e - B e t ah e i n a , Evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay, M o

Alessandria, F.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te-130  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bolometric experiments for neutrinoless double beta 3.2.1A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Te by AdamSpring 2010 A Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of

Bryant, Adam Douglas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Hybrid meson decay from lattice QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Besides the conventional hadrons containing valence quarks and valence antiquarks, quantum chromodynamics (QCD) suggests the existence of the hybrid hadrons containing valence gluons in addition to the quarks and antiquarks, and some experiments may have found some. A decisive experimental confirmation of its existence, however, is still needed. At present, lattice simulations have offered the practicable ways of theoretically guiding us to search for the hybrid states. In this dissertation, we study the spectroscopy and the decay rate of the heavy hybrid mesons made of a heavy $b$ quark, a heavy $\\bar b$ antiquark, and a gluon ($b\\bar{b}g$) to selected channels, and use lattice methods to extract the transition matrix elements in full QCD. We are particular interested in the spin-exotic hybrid mesons. For sufficiently heavy quarks (e.g., $b$ quark), we use the leading Born-Oppenheimer (LBO) approximation to calculate the static potential energy at all $b\\bar{b}$ separations. Then, by solving the Schr\\"odinger equation with this potential, we reconstruct the motion of the heavy quarks. In a similar way we can determine decay rates. In this dissertation, we use the numerical lattice method to calculate the mass of the $f_0$ meson at a single lattice spacing and light quark mass, namely, $m_{f_0} = (768 \\pm 136)$ MeV. Most of all we consider the decay channels involving the production of a scalar meson. We obtain the partial decay rate ($\\Gamma$) for the channel $ H \\rightarrow \\chi_b + \\pi + \\pi $, namely, $ \\Gamma = 3.62(98)$ MeV. All of our results are consistent with those of other researchers. Knowledge of the masses and the decay rates should help us considerably in experimental searches for the hybrid mesons.

Ziwen Fu

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

316

/ Search for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with CUORE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

neutrinoless double beta decay (??0?) in 130 Te and other rare processes. The observation of ??0? would

Elena Ferri

317

CP violation in fermion pair decays of neutral boson particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study CP violation in fermion pair decays of neutral boson particles with spin 0 or 1. We study a new asymmetry to measure CP violation in ?, KL??+?- decays and discuss the possibility of measuring it experimentally. For the spin-1 particles case, we study CP violation in the decays of J/? to SU(3) octet baryon pairs. We show that these decays can be used to put stringent constraints on the electric dipole moments of ?, ?, and ?.

Xiao-Gang He; J. P. Ma; Bruce McKellar

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

CP violation for neutral charmed meson decays into CP eigenstates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The CP asymmetries for the decays of the neutral charmed meson into CP eigenstates are carefully studied. Formulas and numerical...

Dong-Sheng Du

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Hadronic B_u and B_d decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I present latest measurements from the B factories of branching fractions for B meson decays to hadronic two- and three-body final states. These include the rate of doubly Cabibbo-suppressed charge states of charmed mesons in two-body decays, charmed baryons and other structure seen in baryonic B decays, and charmless mesonic two-body decays in comparison with estimates from theory.

W. T. Ford

2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

320

Search for neutrinoless decays of the tau lepton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The upper limits obtained for 22 decay branching fractions are several times more stringent than those set previously....

Ammar, Raymond G.; Ball, S.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Lam, H.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Threshold resummed spectra in semi-inclusive B decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I discuss some aspects of the universality of soft gluon dynamics in semileptonic and radiative decays at the threshold region.

Giulia Ricciardi

2006-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

322

Can biomass time series be reliably assessed from CPUE time series data Francis Lalo1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Can biomass time series be reliably assessed from CPUE time series data only? Francis Laloë1 to abundance. This means (i) that catchability is constant and (ii) that all the biomass is catchable. If so, relative variations in CPUE indicate the same relative variations in biomass. Myers and Worm consider

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

323

User's Guide Agilent Technologies 8560 E-Series and EC-Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

User's Guide Agilent Technologies 8560 E-Series and EC-Series Spectrum Analyzers Manufacturing Part. Refer servicing to qualified personnel. To prevent electrical shock do not remove covers. WARNING Before power cable to a socket outlet provided with protective earth contact. WARNING There are many points

Ravikumar, B.

324

Search for Invisibly Decaying Higgs Bosons with Large Decay Width Using the OPAL Detector at LEP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes a topological search for an invisibly decaying Higgs boson,H, produced via the Bjorken process (e+e- -> HZ). The analysis is based on data recorded using the OPAL detector at LEP at centre-of-mass energies from 183 to 209 GeV corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 629pb-1. In the analysis only hadronic decays of the Z boson are considered. A scan over Higgs boson masses from 1 to 120 GeV and decay widths from 1 to 3000 GeV revealed no indication for a signal in the data. From a likelihood ratio of expected signal and Standard Model background we determine upper limits on cross-section times branching ratio to an invisible final state. For moderate Higgs boson decay widths, these range from about 0.07pb Mh = 60GeV) to 0.57pb (Mh = 114GeV). For decay widths above 200GeV the upper limits are of the order of 0.15pb. The results can be interpreted in general scenarios predicting a large invisible decay width of the Higgs boson. As an example we interpret the results in the so-called stealthy Higgs scenario. The limits from this analysis exclude a large part of the parameter range of this scenario experimentally accessible at LEP2.

The OPAL collaboration

2006-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

325

Measurement of CP Violation in B[0 over s] ? ?? decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement of the decay time-dependent CP-violating asymmetry in B[0 over s] ? ?? decays is presented, along with measurements of the T-odd triple-product asymmetries. In this decay channel, the CP-violating weak phase ...

Counts, Ian Thomas Hunt

326

Effect of resonance decays on hadron elliptic flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the quark coalescence model, we study effects of resonance decays, and of the quark momentum distribution in hadrons, on the elliptic flows of stable hadrons. We find that, with the exception of rho-meson decays, the resonance decays could...

Greco, V.; Ko, Che Ming.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

The Majorana Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Majorana Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment Pre-conceptual Design Proposal November 22 Motivation for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments . . . . . . . . . 4 2.1.1 Community Guidance Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 2.5 Next

Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

328

Sensitivity of CUORE to Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of CUORE to Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay b c,:L d e f F .s t results on neutrinoless double beta decay of T e w i t hthe study of neutrinoless double beta decay, J . C r y s t .

Alessandria, F.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

UC Laboratory Safety Systemwide Webinar Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Force Report on Improving the Culture of Laboratory Safety in Academic Institutions Speaker: Dr. RobertUC Laboratory Safety Systemwide Webinar Series Webinars are being developed and will be scheduled on the following topics, with all webinars to be recorded and posted on the UC Lab Safety SharePoint site. ACS Task

Tsien, Roger Y.

330

Denman Forestry Issues Series presents: "Seeking Sustainability"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Introduction - Dr. B. Bruce Bare, Dean, College of Forest Resources 10:20 - 10:45 Sustainability in the FaceDenman Forestry Issues Series presents: "Seeking Sustainability" Monday, November 18, 2002, 10AM how to manage natural resources in a sustainable way. The question of sustainability is a complex one

Borenstein, Elhanan

331

Robo-Ethics Continuing Education Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robo-Ethics Continuing Education Series (RECES) 2013 Consortium for Robotics and Unmanned Systems potential ethical dangers or greater potential ethical rewards?" Monday 23 September 2013 1300 - 1500 for Ethics, Law and Armed Con ict (ELAC) in Oxford, UK: Specializing in ethics, broadly construed, both

332

2014-2015Series College of Agriculture,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014-2015Series College of Agriculture, Food and Environment University of Kentucky is accredited of University of Kentucky. Agricultural Economics The Agricultural Economics program enables graduates to pursue and production. Opportunities are also available in public policy for agriculture and rural America

MacAdam, Keith

333

2012-2013 Series College of Agriculture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2012-2013 Series College of Agriculture and School of Human Environmental Sciences University about the accreditation of University of Kentucky. AgriculturalEconomics The Agricultural Economics for agriculture and rural America and environmental economics. These career opportunities may be found in both

Hayes, Jane E.

334

Distinguished Lecturer Series Understanding Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distinguished Lecturer Series Understanding Climate Change: Opportunities and Challenges for Data A Climate change is the defining environmental challenge facing our planet, yet there is considerable.Anew and transformative approach is required to understand the potential impact of climate change. Data driven approaches

California at Davis, University of

335

Solar Instructor Series A PROJECT BY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9. NEC ® 2011 Code Updates PV 10. Integra ng Solar into Exis ng Curricula 11. How to Land YourSolar Instructor Series A PROJECT BY: FUNDING PROVIDED BY: The NC Solar Center at NC State University is the Southern Mid Atlan c Provider of Solar Instructor Training (SMAPSIT) a Train

336

Hurst exponents for short time series  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A concept called balanced estimator of diffusion entropy is proposed to detect quantitatively scalings in short time series. The effectiveness is verified by detecting successfully scaling properties for a large number of artificial fractional Brownian motions. Calculations show that this method can give reliable scalings for short time series with length ?102. It is also used to detect scalings in the Shanghai Stock Index, five stock catalogs, and a total of 134 stocks collected from the Shanghai Stock Exchange Market. The scaling exponent for each catalog is significantly larger compared with that for the stocks included in the catalog. Selecting a window with size 650, the evolution of scaling for the Shanghai Stock Index is obtained by the window's sliding along the series. Global patterns in the evolutionary process are captured from the smoothed evolutionary curve. By comparing the patterns with the important event list in the history of the considered stock market, the evolution of scaling is matched with the stock index series. We can find that the important events fit very well with global transitions of the scaling behaviors.

Jingchao Qi and Huijie Yang

2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

337

Revisiting Algorithms for Generating Surrogate Time Series  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The method of surrogates is one of the key concepts of nonlinear data analysis. Here, we demonstrate that commonly used algorithms for generating surrogates often fail to generate truly linear time series. Rather, they create surrogate realizations with Fourier phase correlations leading to nondetections of nonlinearities. We argue that reliable surrogates can only be generated, if one tests separately for static and dynamic nonlinearities.

C. Räth, M. Gliozzi, I. E. Papadakis, and W. Brinkmann

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

338

Overview of the Radiant Time Series Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/CLF procedure. 1988 ­ Sowell publishes results of 200,000+ DOE-2 calculations of custom weighting factors; Mc are published in ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals #12;RTSM Algorithm Conduction Gains Split all heat gains Provide Some Physical Insight Into the Nature of the Calculation #12;The Radiant Time Series Steady

339

Boston University Seminar Series on Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boston University Seminar Series on Climate Change Free and open to the public Thursdays, September for Societal Change Matthew Nisbet, Associate Professor of Communication Studies, Public Policy and Urban National Assessments of Climate Change Tony Janetos, Professor of Earth and Environment and Director

Marchant, David R.

340

NZER WORKING PAPER SERIES BOLIVIA'S ECONOMIC CRISIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

process throughout this century, --1-- #12;'acle I Economic Performance in the jg8Os, Se'ected CountriesNZER WORKING PAPER SERIES BOLIVIA'S ECONOMIC CRISIS Juan Antonio Morales Jeffrey Sachs Working Paper No. 2620 NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

HEART SMART NUTRITION Lesson Series Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEART SMART NUTRITION Lesson Series Evaluation Please check the appropriate column if you did any of these activities either before or after receiving and reading the HeartSmart Nutrition lessons. Lifestyle Practices/Activities BEFORE Reading Lessons AFTER Reading Lessons Read any heart disease and nutrition information or website

342

756 RESONANCE August 2013 SERIES ARTICLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

turbines, Betz law, offshore wind parks. Challenges in the Quest for Clean Energies 3. Wind Technologies using wind turbines. There are different kinds of wind turbines and a detailed discussion of each756 RESONANCE August 2013 SERIES ARTICLE Keywords Wind energy, horizontal and ver- tical axis

Srinivasan, N.

343

Physics Meets Biology (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Summer Lecture Series 2006: If scientists could take advantage of the awesomely complex and beautiful functioning of biologys natural molecular machines, their potential for application in many disciplines would be incalculable. Nobel Laureate and Director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Steve Chu explores Possible solutions to global warming and its consequences.

Chu, Steve [Director, LBNL

2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

344

Evidence for CP violation in B0->J/Psi pi0 decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present measurements of the branching fraction and time-dependent CP asymmetries in B0->J/Psi pi0 decays based on 466 million Y(4S)->BBbar events collected with the BaBar detector at the SLAC PEP-II asymmetric-energy B factory. We measure the CP asymmetry parameters S=-1.23 +/- 0.21 +/- 0.04 and C=-0.20 +/- 0.19 +/- 0.03, where the measured value of S is 4.0 standard deviations from zero including systematic uncertainties. The branching fraction is determined to be B(B0->J/Psi pi0)=(1.69 +/- 0.14 +/- 0.07)*10^{-5}.

B. Aubert

2008-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

345

Nuclear matrix elements in neutrinoless double beta decay: beyond mean-field covariant density functional theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a systematic study of nuclear matrix elements (NMEs) in neutrinoless double-beta decays with state-of-the-art beyond mean-field covariant density functional theory. The dynamic effects of particle-number and angular-momentum conservations as well as quadrupole shape fluctuations are taken into account with projections and generator coordinate method for both initial and final nuclei. The full relativistic transition operator is adopted to calculate the NMEs which are found to be consistent with the results of previous beyond non-relativistic mean-field calculation based on a Gogny force with the exception of $^{150}$Nd. Our study shows that the total NMEs can be well approximated by the pure axial-vector coupling term, the calculation of which is computationally much cheaper than that of full terms.

J. M. Yao; L. S. Song; K. Hagino; P. Ring; J. Meng

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

346

First Measurement of the Branching Fraction of the Decay $\\psi(2S) \\to \\tau\\tau$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The branching fraction of the psi(2S) decay into tau pair has been measured for the first time using the BES detector at the Beijing Electron-Positron Collider. The result is $B_{\\tau\\tau}=(2.71\\pm 0.43 \\pm 0.55) \\times 10^{-3}$, where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic. This value, along with those for the branching fractions into e+e- and mu+mu of this resonance, satisfy well the relation predicted by the sequential lepton hypothesis. Combining all these values with the leptonic width of the resonance the total width of the psi(2S) is determined to be $(252 \\pm 37)$ keV.

Bai, J Z; Bian, J G; Blum, I K; Chen, G P; Chen, H F; Chen, J; Chen Jia Chao; Chen, Y; Chen, Y B; Chen, Y Q; Cheng Bao Sen; Cui, X Z; Ding, H L; Dong, L Y; Du, Z Z; Dunwoodie, W M; Gao, C S; Gao, M L; Gao, S Q; Gratton, P; Gu, J H; Gu, S D; Gu, W X; Gu, Y F; Guo, Z J; Guo, Y N; Han, S W; Han, Y; Harris, F A; He, J; He, J T; He, K L; He, M; Heng, Y K; Hitlin, D G; Hu, G Y; Hu, H M; Hu, J L; Hu, Q H; Hu, T; Hu Xiao Qing; Huang, G S; Huang, Y Z; Izen, J M; Jiang, C H; Jin, Y; Jones, B D; Ju, X; Ke, Z J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, B K; Kong, D; Lai, Y F; Lang, P F; Lankford, A J; Li, C G; Li, D; Li, H B; Li, J; Li, J C; Li, P Q; Li, R B; Li, W; Li, W G; Li, X H; Li Xiao Nan; Liu, H M; Liu, J; Liu, R G; Liu, Y; Lou, X C; Lowery, B; Lu, F; Lu, J G; Luo, X L; Ma, E C; Ma, J M; Malchow, R; Mao, H S; Mao, Z P; Meng, X C; Nie, J; Olsen, S L; Oyang, J Y T; Paluselli, D; Pan, L J; Panetta, J; Porter, F; Qi, N D; Qi, X R; Qian, C D; Qiu, J F; Qu, Y H; Que, Y K; Rong, G; Schernau, M; Shao, Y Y; Shen, B W; Shen, D L; Shen, H; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Shi, H Z; Song, X F; Standifird, J; Sun, F; Sun, H S; Sun, Y; Sun, Y Z; Tang, S Q; Toki, W; Tong, G L; Varner, G S; Wang, F; Wang, L S; Wang, L Z; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, S M; Wang, T J; Wang, Y Y; Weaver, M; Wei, C L; Wu, J M; Wu, N; Wu, Y G; Xi, D M; Xia, X M; Xie, P P; Xie, Y; Xie, Y H; Xu, G F; Xue, S T; Yan, J; Yan, W G; Yang, C M; Yang, C Y; Yang, H X; Yang, J; Yang, W; Yang, X F; Ye, M H; Ye Shu Wei; Ye, Y X; Yu, C S; Yu, C X; Yu, G W; Yu Yu Hei; Yu, Z Q; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, Y; Zhang Bing Yun; Zhang, C; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H L; Zhang, J; Zhang, J W; Zhang, L; Zhang, L S; Zhang, P; Zhang, Q J; Zhang, S Q; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y Y; Zhao, D X; Zhao, H W; Zhao Jia Wei; Zhao, M; Zhao Wei Ren; Zhao, Z G; Zheng Jian Ping; Zheng Lin Sheng; Zheng Zhi Peng; Zhou, B Q; Zhou, G P; Zhou, H S; Zhou, L; Zhu, K J; Zhu, Q M; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y S; Zhuang, B A

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Nuclear matrix elements in neutrinoless double beta decay: beyond mean-field covariant density functional theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a systematic study of nuclear matrix elements (NMEs) in neutrinoless double-beta decays with state-of-the-art beyond mean-field covariant density functional theory. The dynamic effects of particle-number and angular-momentum conservations as well as quadrupole shape fluctuations are taken into account with projections and generator coordinate method for both initial and final nuclei. The full relativistic transition operator is adopted to calculate the NMEs which are found to be consistent with the results of previous beyond non-relativistic mean-field calculation based on a Gogny force with the exception of $^{150}$Nd. Our study shows that the total NMEs can be well approximated by the pure axial-vector coupling term, the calculation of which is computationally much cheaper than that of full terms.

Yao, J M; Hagino, K; Ring, P; Meng, J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

LM79XX Series 3-Terminal Negative Regulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LM79XX Series 3-Terminal Negative Regulators General Description The LM79XX series of 3-terminal external component -- a compensation ca- pacitor at the output. The LM79XX series is packaged in the TO-220 conditions. Low ground pin current of the LM79XX series allows output voltage to be easily boosted above

Berns, Hans-Gerd

349

X-ray Practicals Series 1 Advanced Data Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray Practicals Series 1 Advanced Data Reduction Instructor J. Reibenspies, Ph. D. Nattamai Bhuvanesh, Ph.D. Version 1.0.0 #12;X-ray Practicals Series 2 #12;X-ray Practicals Series 3 #12;X-ray is good. The y direction is shifting the most, but the shift is ok #12;X-ray Practicals Series 5 Other

Meagher, Mary

350

CP violation in neutral-B decays to CP eigenstates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CP asymmetries in neutral-B decays to CP eigenstates are studied in the standard model. Whereas usually one assumes a single decay amplitude which induces CP violation via B-B¯ mixing, we investigate additional effects due to two interfering decay amplitudes. We estimate these effects in characteristic cases and suggest ways to experimentally distinguish between these two sources of asymmetries. The effects, which show up as time-integrated asymmetries at symmetric e+e- colliders operating at the ?(4S), are quite small in Kobayashi-Maskawa- (KM) allowed decays such as as Bd0?KS? and become large in KM-suppressed decays.

Michael Gronau

1989-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

351

The Isospin Model prediction for multi-pion tau decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The predictions of an isospin model are compared with the branching ratios of the 5 and 6 pion decays of the tau lepton. In both cases, the isospin model suggests that the tau favours decays in which there is an omega resonance. Recent measurements of such tau decays confirm this hypothesis. If the decay of the tau to 7 pions also proceeds through an intermediate omega, then the isospin model predicts that the branching ratio of the tau to seven charged pions should be small when compared with other 7 pion decays. New limits on this mode appear to support this argument.

Randall J. Sobie

1998-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

352

What is interesting in eta and eta' Meson Decays?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An introduction to the physics of eta and eta' meson decays is given. A historical account of the discovery of the mesons is presented. It is followed by an overview and classification of the common decay modes and the relevance of the mesons for modern hadron and particle physics. In more detail the hadronic decay modes are discussed and in particular some interesting features of the eta-> 3pi0 decay are presented. The last section briefly reviews and compares reactions used to produce the eta and eta' mesons for the studies of their decays.

Andrzej Kupsc

2007-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

353

Probing the XYZ states through radiative decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, we adopt the spin rearrangement scheme in the heavy quark limit and extensively investigate three classes of the radiative decays: M?(bb¯)+?, (bb¯)?M+?, M?M?+? corresponding to the electromagnetic transitions between one molecular (resonant) state and bottomonium, one bottomonium and molecular (resonant) state, and two molecular (resonant) states, respectively. We also extend the same formalism to study the radiative decays of the molecular (resonant) states with hidden charm. We derive some model-independent ratios when the initial or final states belong to the same spin-flavor multiplet. Future experimental measurement of these ratios will test the molecular picture and explore the underlying structures of the XYZ states.

Li Ma; Zhi-Feng Sun; Xiao-Hai Liu; Wei-Zhen Deng; Xiang Liu; Shi-Lin Zhu

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

354

Search for Rare K+ Decays. I. K+??+??¯?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a counter experiment at the LBL Bevatron, we have searched for the process K+??+??¯? and have found no evidence for its existence. We have recorded ten events which could be examples of this decay mode, but could also be examples of K+??+?? in which the ? was not detected. Treating these as unidentified events and assuming the ?+ spectrum proposed by Bardin, Bilenky, and Pontecorvo, we obtain a decay rate ?(K+??+??¯?)?6×10-6?(K+?all) (90% confidence level). The data are presented in such a way as to allow calculation of rates for any assumed spectrum. The experiment provides a test for higher-order weak processes and sets constraints on certain first-order models.

C. Y. Pang; R. H. Hildebrand; G. D. Cable; R. Stiening

1973-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Search for Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After the pioneering work of the Heidelberg-Moscow (HDM) and International Germanium Experiment (IGEX) groups, the second round of neutrinoless double-$\\beta$ decay searches currently underway has or will improve the life-time limits of double-$\\beta$ decay candidates by a factor of two to three, reaching in the near future the $T_{1/2} = 3 \\times 10^{25}$ yr level. This talk will focus on the large-scale experiments GERDA, EXO-200, and KamLAND-Zen, which have reported already lower half-life time limits in excess of $10^{25}$ yr. Special emphasis is given to KamLAND-Zen, which is expected to approach the inverted hierarchy regime before future 1-ton experiments probe completely this life-time or effective neutrino-mass regime, which starts at $\\approx 2 \\times 10^{26}$ yr or $\\approx 50$ meV.

Tornow, Werner

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Baryon number violation in particle decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been argued in the past that in baryogenesis via out-of-equilibrium decays one must consider loop diagrams that contain more than one baryon number violating coupling. In this paper we argue that the requirement with regard to baryon number violating couplings in loop diagrams is that the interaction between the intermediate on-shell particles and the final particles should correspond to a net change in baryon number and that this can be satisfied even if the loop diagram contains only one baryon number violating coupling. Put simply, we show that to create a baryon asymmetry there should be net B violation to the right of the “cut” in the loop diagram. This is of relevance to some works involving the out-of-equilibrium decay scenario.

Rathin Adhikari and Raghavan Rangarajan

2002-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

357

Searches for very rare decays of kaons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The physics motivation for searches for very rare kaon decays, either forbidden or suppressed within the Standard Model, is briefly discussed. Simple arguments conclude that such searches probe possible new forces at a 200 TeV mass scale or constitute a precision test of the electroweak model. The examples of such process are decays of K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {mu} {sup {+-}}e{sup -+}, K{sup +} {yields} {pi}{sup +} {mu}{sup +} e{sup -}, K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +} {mu}{sup -}, and K{sup +} {yields} {pi} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{nu}{bar {nu}}. We present the current experimental status and describe the new efforts to reach sensitivities down to one part in 10{sup 12}. The discussion is focused on the experimental program at the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron at Brookhaven National Laboratory, where intense beams make such studies possible.

Lang, K. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Search for ? mesons in ? lepton decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

f b21 of data collected with the CLEO II detector. We find model-dependent upper limits on the branching fractions in the range B(t2!fp2n t ),(1.222.0)31024 and B(t2!fK2n t ),(5.426.7)31025 at 90% confidence level. @S0556-2821~97!50603-5# PACS number...~s!: 13.35.Dx, 12.39.2x, 12.40.Vv, 14.40.Cs I. INTRODUCTION A measurement of the decay t2!fp2n t @1# is of inter- est as it may provide clues to the workings of QCD at the 1 GeV/c2 mass scale. This decay mode may serve @2# as a valuable source...

Baringer, Philip S.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Invisible Decays of Supersymmetric Higgs Bosons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the detection of the complete spectrum of Higgs bosons of the minimal supersymmetric standard model through their decays into chargino (?? i ± ) and neutralinos (?? i o ) for several parametric scenarios. In the minimal supersymmetric model there are two charginos and four neutralinos and the Higgs boson spectrum contains three neutral scalars two CP?even ( h 0 and H 0 with m H 0 >m h 0 ) and one CP?odd ( A 0 with m A 0 as a free parameter); as well as a charged pair (H ± ). An interesting signal comes from the decays of the Higgs bosons into invisible SUSY modes ( h 0 H 0 A 0 ??? 1 o ?? 1 o ) which could be detected at present and future high energy machines.

M. del R. Aparicio Méndez; J. E. Barradas Guevara; O. Félix Beltrán

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Axions from cosmic string and wall decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

If inflation occurred with a reheat temperature > T{sub PQ}, axions from the decay of global axion strings and domain walls would make an important contribution to the cosmological energy density, comparable to that from vacuum misalignment. Several groups have numerically studied the evolution of axion strings and walls in the past, however substantial uncertainties remain in their contribution to the present density {Omega}{sub a,string+wall} {approx} 1-100 (f{sub a}/10{sup 12} GeV){sup 7/6}, where f{sub a} is the axion decay constant. I will describe the numerical methods used in our simulations and show results for several string and wall configurations.

Hagmann, C A

2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Electroweak Corrections to the Top Quark Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have calculated the one-loop electroweak corrections to the decay t-> bW+, including the counterterm for the CKM matrix elements V(tb). Previous calculations used an incorrect delta V(tb) that led to a gauge dependent amplitude. However, since the contribution stemming from delta V(tb) is small, those calculations only underestimate the width by roughly one part in 10^5.

S. M. Oliveira; L. Bruecher; R. Santos; A. Barroso

2001-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

362

The Particle Adventure | Particle decays and annihiliations | Neutron beta  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Particle decays and annihiliations > Neutron beta Particle decays and annihiliations > Neutron beta decays Neutron beta decays A neutron (udd) decays to a proton (uud), an electron, and an antineutrino. This is called neutron beta decay. (The term beta ray was used for electrons in nuclear decays because they didn't know they were electrons!) Frame 1: The neutron (charge = 0) made of up, down, down quarks. Frame 2: One of the down quarks is transformed into an up quark. Since the down quark has a charge of -1/3 and and the up quark has a charge of 2/3, it follows that this process is mediated by a virtual W- particle, which carries away a (-1) charge (thus charge is conserved!) Frame 3: The new up quark rebounds away from the emitted W-. The neutron now has become a proton. Frame 4: An electron and antineutrino emerge from the virtual W- boson.

363

Calculated secondary yields for proton broadband using DECAY TURTLE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The calculations for the yields were done by Al Sondgeroth and Anthony Malensek. The authors used the DECAY deck called PBSEC{_}E.DAT from the CMS DECKS library. After obtaining the run modes and calibration modes from the liaison physicist, they made individual decay runs, using DECAY TURTLE from the CMS libraries and a production spectrum subroutine which was modified by Anthony, for each particle and decay mode for all particle types coming out of the target box. Results were weighted according to branching ratios for particles with more than one decay mode. The production spectra were produced assuming beryllium as the target. The optional deuterium target available to broadband will produce slightly higher yields. It should be noted that they did not include pion yields from klong decays because they could not simulate three body decays. Pions from klongs would add a very small fraction to the total yield.

Sondgeroth, A.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Resummed hadronic spectra of inclusive B decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the hadronic mass spectra of inclusive B decays. Specifically, we study how an upper cut on the invariant mass spectrum, which is necessary to extract Vub, results in the breakdown of the standard perturbative expansion due to the existence of large infrared logs. We first show how the decay rate factorizes at the level of the double differential distribution. Then, we present closed form expressions for the resummed cut rate for the inclusive decays B?Xs? and B?Xue? at next-to-leading order in the infrared logs. Using these results, we determine the range of cuts for which resummation is necessary, as well as the range for which the resummed expansion itself breaks down. We also use our results to extract the leading and next to leading infrared log contribution to the two loop differential rate. We find that for the phenomenologically interesting cut values, there is only a small region where the calculation is under control. Furthermore, the size of this region is sensitive to the parameter ?¯. We discuss the viability of extracting Vub from the hadronic mass spectrum.

Adam K. Leibovich; Ian Low; I. Z. Rothstein

2000-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

365

Formation and decay of a spheromak plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic properties of the spheromak configuration produced by a combination of slow theta and Z discharges in the University of Maryland Spheromak experiment (MS) are reported. The magnetic structure of the plasma in MS has been mapped out by arrays of passive magnetic pickup coils. The Taylor relaxation process is observed during the formation phase. The magnetic profile evolves in such a way that the ratio of poloidal current I p to poloidal flux ? in the plasma approaches a constant value where ?0 I p =k el ?. When the spheromak is formed the magnetic field configuration is close to Taylor’s minimum energy state ?0 j=kB. This constant k is related to the size of the spheromak produced. A spheromak with 1.0 T maximum field corresponding to 650 kA poloidal current has been produced in MS. However due to the high plasma density (6–8×1020 m?3) and the presence of low?Z impurities (mainly carbon and oxygen) the plasma is radiation dominated with electron temperature ?15 eV. The magnetic field decays exponentially during the decay phase. Axisymmetric equilibrium states that could exist in the configuration are calculated with a Grad–Shafranov equilibrium code. Comparison of the numerical calculation with the experimental measurements indicates that the magnetic?field structure stays close to the equilibrium state as the plasma decays.

C. Chin?Fatt; A. W. DeSilva; G. C. Goldenbaum; R. Hess; C. Coté; A. Filuk; J.?L. Gauvreau; F. K. Hwang

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Age-dependent decay in the landscape  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The picture of the "multiverse" arising in diverse cosmological scenarios involves transitions between metastable vacuum states. It was pointed out by Krauss and Dent that the transition rates decrease at very late times, leading to a dependence of the transition probability between vacua on the age of each vacuum region. I investigate the implications of this non-Markovian, age-dependent decay on the global structure of the spacetime in landscape scenarios. I show that the fractal dimension of the eternally inflating domain is precisely equal to 3, instead of being slightly below 3 in scenarios with purely Markovian, age-independent decay. I develop a complete description of a non-Markovian landscape in terms of a nonlocal master equation. Using this description I demonstrate by an explicit calculation that, under some technical assumptions about the landscape, the probabilistic predictions of our position in the landscape are essentially unchanged, regardless of the measure used to extract these predictions. I briefly discuss the physical plausibility of realizing non-Markovian vacuum decay in cosmology in view of the possible decoherence of the metastable quantum state.

Sergei Winitzki

2007-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

367

A Systematic Approach to the Design of Buffer Tanks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;A Systematic Approach to the Design of Buffer Tanks Audun Faanes £ ½ Sigurd Skogestad Abstract: Buffer tanks are often designed and implemented for control purposes, yet control theory is rarely used when sizing and designing buffer tanks and their control system. Instead, rules of thumb

Skogestad, Sigurd

368

A Systematic Approach to the Design of Buffer Tanks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12; A Systematic Approach to the Design of Buffer Tanks Audun Faanes #3;;1 Sigurd Skogestad #3 Trondheim, NORWAY Abstract: Buffer tanks are often designed and implemented for control purposes, yet control theory is rarely used when sizing and designing buffer tanks and their control system. Instead

Skogestad, Sigurd

369

An ontological approach to systematization of SW-FMEA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a widely used dependability and safety technique aiming at systematically identifying failure modes, their generating causes and their effects on the system. While FMEA has been mainly thought for hardware ... Keywords: SW engineering, SW-FMEA, V-model, automated reasoning, ontologies, reliability availability maintainability and safety

Irene Bicchierai; Giacomo Bucci; Carlo Nocentini; Enrico Vicario

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Magnetic nanoworms Systematic Surface Engineering of Magnetic Nanoworms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic nanoworms Systematic Surface Engineering of Magnetic Nanoworms for in vivo Tumor Targeting and nanoparticle chemistry for tumor targeting. full papers [Ã?] Prof. M. J. Sailor, J.-H. Park Materials Science, Dr. T. J. Harris Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology Massachusetts Institute

Bhatia, Sangeeta

371

Designing Directories in Distributed Systems: A Systematic Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Designing Directories in Distributed Systems: A Systematic Framework K. Mani Chandy and Eve M of directory­based distributed applications. We evaluate a space of directory designs using our frame­ work. We distributed applications, including directory design. We propose a weaker con­ cept: estimation. We define

372

USING GIS TOOLS TO SUPPORT E_PARTICIPATION A SYSTEMATIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-participation is the use of digital maps and geographic information systems (GIS) for supporting and enhancing on of implementation of European legal acts concerning energy and environment by enabling enhanced maps/GISUSING GIS TOOLS TO SUPPORT E_PARTICIPATION � A SYSTEMATIC EVALUATION Euripidis Loukis1 , Alexander

Boyer, Edmond

373

Using Agile Practices in Global Software Development: A Systematic Review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Agile Practices in Global Software Development: A Systematic Review Emam Hossain1 Muhammad There is a growing interest in applying agile approaches in Global Software Development (GSD) projects. Recently;1 Introduction The trend in the recent software development industry is to move towards Global Software

New South Wales, University of

374

Search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of Mo 100 with the NEMO-3 detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the results of a search for the neutrinoless double-ß decay (0?ßß ) of Mo 100 , using the NEMO-3 detector to reconstruct the full topology of the final state events. With an exposure of 34.7??kg·y , no evidence for the 0?ßß signal has been found, yielding a limit for the light Majorana neutrino mass mechanism of T 1/2 (0?ßß)>1.1×10 24 years (90% C.L.) once both statistical and systematic uncertainties are taken into account. Depending on the nuclear matrix elements this corresponds to an upper limit on the Majorana effective neutrino mass of ?m ? ?<0.3–0.9??eV (90% C.L.). Constraints on other lepton number violating mechanisms of 0?ßß decays are also given. Searching for high-energy double electron events in all suitable sources of the detector, no event in the energy region [3.2–10] MeV is observed for an exposure of 47??kg·y .

John D. Baker; A. J. Caffrey

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Jefferson Lab Science Series - Current Schedule  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Current Science Series Schedule Current Science Series Schedule Lectures are free and open to students and adults with an interest in science. All lectures begin at 7:00 pm in CEBAF Center Auditorium [Download a Map] [Locate Jefferson Lab on Google Maps] [Display a QR Code for Scanning] and last for about an hour. Seating in the CEBAF Center Auditorium and overflow area is limited to about 300 people. Seating is on a first come, first served basis. Unfortunately, people arriving once capacity has been reached will be turned away. A live video stream will be available for those not able to attend in person. Lectures will be added to the video archive for on-demand viewing upon approval from the presenter. NOTICE: For security purposes, everyone over 16 is asked to carry a photo I.D. Security guards may inspect vehicles, book bags and purses.

376

Satellite stories featured in Lab lecture series  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

February » February » Satellite stories featured Satellite stories featured in Lab lecture series Space adventures will be featured in the upcoming Frontiers in Science lecture series "Small Satellites on a Shoestring: The LANL Experience." February 14, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

377

Fermilab Arts & Lecture Series Tickets  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ticket Information Ticket Information On-Line Tickets On-Line ticketing is now available! Click here to be connected to our secure on-line ticketing site. Please note that on-line ticketing for any particular event closes down the Friday prior to the event at noon. For example, a Friday night lecture has on-line sales ending at noon; on-line sales for a given Saturday night Art Series event will end at noon the Friday prior; and sales for a Sunday afternoon Gallery Chamber Series event will end at noon the Friday prior. Please present an ID to pick up student tickets. Telephone For information and tickets you may also call 630-840-ARTS (630-840-2787), or Fax to (630) 840-5501. An answering machine will take your confidential message during times that the box office manager is not available.

378

SSRL Presents Series | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Presents Series Presents Series Date Seminar Title 11/20/2013 Graphite and its Hidden Superconductivity 11/20/2013 Graphite and its Hidden Superconductivity 10/24/2013 Atomic-Resolution Spectroscopic Imaging and In Situ Environmental Study of Bimetallic Nanocatalysts by Fast Electrons 10/09/2013 New developments with SDD detectors 09/25/2013 X-ray and neutron scattering studies of the complex compounds 09/09/2013 Dopant Site Determination in Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Utilizing X-ray Absorption Techniques 08/21/2013 Correlating Spatial Heterogeneities in Porosity and Permeability with Metal Poisoning within an Individual Catalyst Particle using X-ray Microscopy 08/12/2013 Lensless Imaging of Atomic Surface Structures via Ptychography 08/09/2013 The Best of Both Worlds: Bulk Diamond Properties Realized at the Nanoscale

379

Normalizing the causality between time series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, a rigorous yet concise formula has been derived to evaluate the information flow, and hence the causality in a quantitative sense, between time series. To assess the importance of a resulting causality, it needs to be normalized. The normalization is achieved through distinguishing three types of fundamental mechanisms that govern the marginal entropy change of the flow recipient. A normalized or relative flow measures its importance relative to other mechanisms. In analyzing realistic series, both absolute and relative information flows need to be taken into account, since the normalizers for a pair of reverse flows belong to two different entropy balances; it is quite normal that two identical flows may differ a lot in relative importance in their respective balances. We have reproduced these results with several autoregressive models. We have also shown applications to a climate change problem and a financial analysis problem. For the former, reconfirmed is the role of the Indian Ocean Dipole as ...

Liang, X San

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Measurement of the polarization amplitudes of the Bs -> PhiPhi decay at CDF II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this thesis we present the first measurement of the polarization amplitudes for the charmless B{sub s} {yields} {phi}{phi} {yields} [K{sup +}K{sup -}][K{sup +}K{sup -}] decay of the B{sub s} meson. The result is achieved using an unbinned Maximum Likelihood fit to the data collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) in Run II (CDFII), in a period starting from March 2001 till April 2008, which corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 2.9 fb{sup -1}. The resulting yield consists of 300 signal events selected by the Two Track Trigger (TTT). Furthermore, our work puts in evidence an original topic, that was never observed until now: an unexpected dependence of the signal acceptance on the proper decay time (t) of the B{sub s} mesons. This specific issue, which is most likely a general feature induced by any signal selection based on the lifetime information, is supposed to be related to the on-line TTT and off-line selections based on the impact parameter. The involved fit, indeed, reproduces the biases observed in large statistics Monte Carlo (MC) samples. The thesis presents the same analysis performed for the B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} J{psi}{phi} decay as well, which is used as a control sample. The polarizations amplitudes we find are consistent with the published ones; this result contributes to enforce the reliability of the analysis. This work is considered ready to begin the procedure for official approval by the CDF collaboration pending the finalization of the systematic uncertainty which has not yet been fully completed.

Dorigo, Mirco; /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

NONIDEAL MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC TURBULENT DECAY IN MOLECULAR CLOUDS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is well known that nonideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) effects are important in the dynamics of molecular clouds: both ambipolar diffusion and possibly the Hall effect have been identified as significant. We present the results of a suite of simulations with a resolution of 512{sup 3} of turbulent decay in molecular clouds, incorporating a simplified form of both ambipolar diffusion and the Hall effect simultaneously. The initial velocity field in the turbulence is varied from being super-Alfvenic and hypersonic, through to trans-Alfvenic but still supersonic. We find that ambipolar diffusion increases the rate of decay of the turbulence increasing the decay from t {sup -1.25} to t {sup -1.4}. The Hall effect has virtually no impact in this regard. The power spectra of density, velocity, and the magnetic field are all affected by the nonideal terms, being steepened significantly when compared with ideal MHD turbulence with exponents. The density power-spectra components change from {approx}1.4 to {approx}2.1 for the ideal and nonideal simulations respectively, and power spectra of the other variables all show similar modifications when nonideal effects are considered. Again, the dominant source of these changes is ambipolar diffusion rather than the Hall effect. There is also a decoupling between the velocity field and the magnetic field at short length scales. The Hall effect leads to enhanced magnetic reconnection, and hence less power, at short length scales. The dependence of the velocity dispersion on the characteristic length scale is studied and found not to be power law in nature.

Downes, T. P. [School of Cosmic Physics, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2 (Ireland); O'Sullivan, S. [National Centre for Plasma Science and Technology, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9 (Ireland)], E-mail: turlough.downes@dcu.ie

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

382

Production and decay of heavy top quarks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental evidence indicates that the top quark exists and has a mass between 50 and 200 GeV/c{sup 2}. The decays of a top quark with a mass in this range are studied with emphasis placed on the mass region near the threshold for production of real W bosons. Topics discussed are: (1) possible enhancement of strange quark production when M{sub W} + m{sub s} < m{sub t} < M{sub W} + m{sub b}; (2) exclusive decays of T mesons to B and B{asterisk} mesons using the non-relativistic quark model; (3) polarization of intermediate W's in top quark decay as a source of information on the top quark mass. The production of heavy top quarks in an e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} collider with a center-of-mass energy of 2 TeV is studied. The effective-boson approximation for photons, Z{sup 0}'s and W's is reviewed and an analogous approximation for interfaces between photons and Z{sup 0}'s is developed. The cross sections for top quark pair production from photon-photon, photon-Z{sup 0}, Z{sup 0}Z{sup 0}, and W{sup +}W{sup {minus}} fusion are calculated using the effective-boson approximation. Production of top quarks along with anti-bottom quarks via {gamma}W{sup +} and Z{sup 0}W{sup +} fusion is studied. An exact calculation of {gamma}e{sup +} {yields} {bar {nu}}t{bar b} is made and compared with the effective-W approximation. 31 refs., 46 figs.

Kauffman, R.P.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Looking for meson molecules in B decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use the QCD sum rule approach to study a {eta} Prime - {pi} molecular current. We consider an isovector-scalar I{sup G}J{sup PC} = 1{sup -}0{sup ++} molecular current. We work at leading order in {alpha}{sub s} and consider the contributions of condensates up to dimension six. We obtain a mass around 1.1 GeV, consistent with a loosely bound state. We discuss the possibility of observing this molecular state in a B threebody hadronic decay.

Nielsen, Marina; Navarra, Fernando S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C.P. 66318, 05389-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Bediaga, Ignacio [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, Rua Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180 Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

384

Rare b hadron decays at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the completion of Run~I of the CERN Large Hadron Collider, particle physics has entered a new era. The production of unprecedented numbers of heavy-flavoured hadrons in high energy proton-proton collisions allows detailed studies of flavour-changing processes. The increasingly precise measurements allow to probe the Standard Model with a new level of accuracy. Rare $b$ hadron decays provide some of the most promising approaches for such tests, since there are several observables which can be cleanly interpreted from a theoretical viewpoint. In this article, the status and prospects in this field are reviewed, with a focus on precision measurements and null tests.

Blake, T; Hiller, G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay with Composite Neutrinos.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study in detail the contribution of heavy composite Majorana neutrinos to neutrino-less double beta decay (0???). Our analysis confirms the result of a previous estimate by two of the authors. Excited neutrinos couple to the electroweak gauge bosons through a magnetic type effective Lagrangian. The relevant nuclear matrix element is related to matrix elements available in the literature and current bounds on the half-life of 0??? are converted into bounds on the compositeness scale and/or the heavy neutrino mass. Our bounds are of the same order of magnitude as those available from accelerator experiments.

O. Panella (a; C. Carimalo (b; Y. N. Srivastava (a; A. Widom (c

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Alpha decay from fission isomeric states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Alpha-decay half-lives from shape isomeric states of some even-even isotopes of U, Pu and Cm nuclei are calculated by using fission theory in the parametrisation of a spheroid intersected with a sphere. The potential barrier was calculated in the framework of the liquid-drop model of Myers and Swiatecki (1967) extended for systems with different charge densities; a phenomenological shell correction was introduced. The WKB computed lifetimes are many orders of magnitude longer than that of the spontaneous fission process, in agreement with experimental results.

D N Poenaru; M Ivascu

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Dental Decay Among Texas School Children.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or five decades. A vast amount of attention especially in the past ten years has been given to the subject of dental defects and their causes. Investigations include both numerous surveys and many experiments for which usually animals, but nes human... physicians and elementary super- visors knew of no hygenic program in the school at or prior to the time of this study there that might have had an influence on the dental conditions found. The marked susceptibility of the 6-year molar to decay...

Whitacre, Jessie (Jessie Opal)

1934-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Measurements of Relative K Radiative Decay Rates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Relative radiative decay rates were measured for K-shell vacancies for elements between Z=62 and 92 with a high-resolution Ge(Li) spectrometer. The ratios ?2?1, ?1??1, and ?2??1 (Siegbahn notation) were determined, with ?2?1 significantly higher (4-14%) than those reported by Beckman but in excellent agreement with recent Hartree-Slater calculations of Scofield. The ratios ?1??1 and ?2??1 do not agree with either Beckman's experiment or Scofield's calculations.

P. J. Ebert and V. W. Slivinsky

1969-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

389

Neutrino Oscillations, Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We review the experimental evidence for neutrino mixing and neutrino mass. Searches for possible branches into heavy neutrinos do not reveal evidence for static mixing with branching ratios larger than 10?4 to 10?6. Similarly neutrino oscillation experiments show no evidence for dynamic mixing in various oscillation channels. Stringent limits for ? e disappearance from a recent reactor experiment are presented. Results from neutrinoless double beta decay provide sensitive test for Majorana mass and right?hand couplings the present limits being 3–10 eV and 10?5 respectively.

F. Boehm

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Neutrinoless double ? decay with composite neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study in detail the contribution of heavy composite Majorana neutrinos to neutrinoless double beta decay (0???). Our analysis confirms the result of a previous estimate by two of the authors. Excited neutrinos couple to the electroweak gauge bosons through a magnetic-type effective Lagrangian. The relevant nuclear matrix element is related to matrix elements available in the literature and current bounds on the half-life of 0??? are converted into bounds on the compositeness scale and/or the heavy neutrino mass. Our bounds are of the same order of magnitude as those available from accelerator experiments.

O. Panella; C. Carimalo; Y. N. Srivastava; A. Widom

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Inclusive B decays from resummed perturbation theory.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 07 03 03 6v 1 4 M ar 2 00 7 Inclusive B decays from resummed perturbation theory Einan Gardi Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J J Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE, UK and Department of Applied Mathematics... for the experimentally–relevant branching fractions can be derived from resummed perturbation theory and explain the way in which the resummation further provides guidance in parametrizing non-perturbative Fermi–motion effects. Finally I address the comparison between...

Gardi, Einan

392

BRIDGE: Branching Ratio Inquiry/Decay Generated Events  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the manual for the program BRIDGE: Branching Ratio Inquiry/Decay Generated Events. The program is designed to operate with arbitrary models defined within matrix element generators, so that one can simulate events with small final-state multiplicities, decay them with BRIDGE, and then pass them to showering and hadronization programs. BRI can automatically calculate widths of two and three body decays. DGE can decay unstable particles in any Les Houches formatted event file. DGE is useful for the generation of event files with long decay chains, replacing large matrix elements by small matrix elements followed by sequences of decays. BRIDGE is currently designed to work with the MadGraph/MadEvent programs for implementing and simulating new physics models. In particular, it can operate with the MadGraph implementation of the MSSM. In this manual we describe how to use BRIDGE, and present a number of sample results to demonstrate its accuracy.

Patrick Meade; Matthew Reece

2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

393

Bulk Viscosity, Decaying Dark Matter, and the Cosmic Acceleration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a cosmology in which cold dark-matter particles decay into relativistic particles. We argue that such decays could lead naturally to a bulk viscosity in the cosmic fluid. For decay lifetimes comparable to the present hubble age, this bulk viscosity enters the cosmic energy equation as an effective negative pressure. We investigate whether this negative pressure is of sufficient magnitude to account fo the observed cosmic acceleration. We show that a single decaying species in a flat, dark-matter dominated cosmology without a cosmological constant cannot reproduce the observed magnitude-redshift relation from Type Ia supernovae. However, a delayed bulk viscosity, possibly due to a cascade of decaying particles may be able to account for a significant fraction of the apparent cosmic acceleration. Possible candidate nonrelativistic particles for this scenario include sterile neutrinos or gauge-mediated decaying supersymmetric particles.

James R. Wilson; Grant J. Mathews; George M. Fuller

2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

394

Study of the decay $\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Lambda_{c}^{+}\\bar{p}\\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}$ and its intermediate states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the decay $\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Lambda_{c}^{+}\\bar{p}\\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}$, reconstructing the \\Lambda_{c}^{+} baryon in the $p K^{-}\\pi^{+}$ mode, using a data sample of $467\\times 10^{6}$ $B\\bar{B}$ pairs collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-2 storage rings at SLAC. We measure branching fractions for decays with intermediate $\\Sigma_{c}$ baryons to be ${\\cal B}[\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Sigma_{c}(2455)^{++}\\bar{p}\\pi^{-}]=(21.3 \\pm 1.0 \\pm 1.0 \\pm 5.5) \\times 10^{-5}$, ${\\cal B}[\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Sigma_{c}(2520)^{++}\\bar{p}\\pi^{-}]=(11.5\\pm 1.0 \\pm 0.5 \\pm 3.0)\\times 10^{-5}$, ${\\cal B}[\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Sigma_{c}(2455)^{0}\\bar{p}\\pi^{+}]=(9.1 \\pm 0.7 \\pm 0.4 \\pm 2.4)\\times10^{-5}$, and ${\\cal B}[\\bar{B}^{0}\\rightarrow\\Sigma_{c}(2520)^{0}\\bar{p}\\pi^{+}]= (2.2 \\pm 0.7 \\pm 0.1\\pm 0.6) \\times 10^{-5}$, where the uncertainties are statistical, systematic, and due to the uncertainty on the $\\Lambda_{c}^{+}\\rightarrow\\proton\\Km\\pi^{+}$ branching fraction, respectively. For decays without $\\Sig...

Lees, J P; Tisserand, V; Grauges, E; Palano, A; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; So, R Y; Khan, A; Blinov, V E; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Yushkov, A N; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; West, C A; Eisner, A M; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Chao, D S; Cheng, C H; Echenard, B; Flood, K T; Hitlin, D G; Ongmongkolkul, P; Porter, F C; Rakitin, A Y; Andreassen, R; Huard, Z; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Sun, L; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Spaan, B; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Bernard, D; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Garzia, I; Luppi, E; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Vetere, M Lo; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Bhuyan, B; Prasad, V; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Uwer, U; Lacker, H M; Lueck, T; Dauncey, P D; Mallik, U; Chen, C; Cochran, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Derkach, D; Grosdidier, G; Diberder, F Le; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Griessinger, K; Hafner, A; Prencipe, E; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; Behn, E; Cenci, R; Hamilton, B; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Dallapiccola, C; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Sciolla, G; Cheaib, R; Lindemann, D; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Biassoni, P; Neri, N; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Nguyen, X; Simard, M; Taras, P; De Nardo, G; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Martinelli, M; Raven, G; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Wang, W F; Honscheid, K; Kass, R; Brau, J; Frey, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Feltresi, E; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simi, G; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Akar, S; Ben-Haim, E; Bomben, M; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Sitt, S; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Pacetti, S; Rossi, A; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Casarosa, G; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Oberhof, B; Perez, A; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Pegna, D Lopes; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Anulli, F; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Gioi, L Li; Mazzoni, M A; Piredda, G; Bünger, C; Grünberg, O; Hartmann, T; Leddig, T; Schröder, H; Voß, C; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; de Monchenault, G Hamel; Vasseur, G; Y\\`, Ch; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cartaro, C; Convery, M R; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Ebert, M; Field, R C; Sevilla, M Franco; Fulsom, B G; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Lewis, P; Lindquist, B; Luitz, S; Luth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Muller, D R; Neal, H; Nelson, S; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Snyder, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Va'vra, J; Wagner, A P; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Wulsin, H W; Young, C C; Ziegler, V; Park, W; Purohit, M V; White, R M; Wilson, J R; Randle-Conde, A; Sekula, S J; Bellis, M; Burchat, P R; Miyashita, T S; Puccio, E M T; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Gorodeisky, R; Guttman, N; Peimer, D R; Soffer, A; Spanier, S M; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schwitters, R F; Wray, B C; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Bianchi, F; Gamba, D; Zambito, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Martinez-Vidal, F; Oyanguren, A; Villanueva-Perez, P; Ahmed, H; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bernlochner, F U; Choi, H H F; King, G J; Kowalewski, R; Lewczuk, M J; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Tasneem, N; Gershon, T J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Band, H R; Dasu, S; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Wu, S L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Measurement of the Inclusive Electron Spectrum in Charmless Semileptonic B Decays Near the Kinematic Endpoint and Determination of |Vub|  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the inclusive electron spectrum in B {yields} X{sub u}e{nu} decays near the kinematic limit for B {yields} X{sub c}e{nu} transitions, using a sample of 88 million B{bar B} pairs recorded by the BABAR detector at the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. Partial branching fraction measurements are performed in five overlapping intervals of the electron momentum; for the interval of 2.0-2.6 GeV/c we obtain {Delta}{Beta}(B {yields} X{sub u}e{nu}) = (0.572 {+-} 0.041{sub stat} {+-} 0.065{sub syst}) x 10{sup -3}. Combining this result with shape function parameters extracted from BABAR measurements of moments of the inclusive photon spectrum in B {yields} X{sub s}{gamma} decays and moments of the hadron mass and lepton energy spectra in B {yields} X{sub c}l{nu} decays we determine |V{sub ub}| = 4.44 {+-} 0.25{sub exp{sub -0.38}{sup +0.42}SF} {+-} 0.22{sub theory} x 10{sup -3}. Here the first error represents the combined statistical and systematic experimental uncertainties of the partial branching fraction measurement, the second error refers to the uncertainty of the determination of the shape function parameters, and the third error is due to theoretical uncertainties in the QCD calculations.

Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. /Bergen U. /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

396

Turtle With Mad Input (trace Unlimited Rays Through Lumped Elements) -- A Computer Program For Simulating Charged Particle Beam Transport Systems And Decay Turtle Including Decay Calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turtle With Mad Input (trace Unlimited Rays Through Lumped Elements) -- A Computer Program For Simulating Charged Particle Beam Transport Systems And Decay Turtle Including Decay Calculations

Carey, D C

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Improving systematic predictions of ?-delayed neutron emission probabilities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The probability Pn of emitting a neutron following ? decay is critical in many areas of nuclear science, from understanding nucleosynethesis during the r process to control of reactor power levels and nuclear waste management. As it is not always easy to measure or calculate, indirect empirical approaches have been developed to estimate the Pn value from the decay Q? value and the neutron separation energy Sn. Here, we present a new prescription incorporating also the half-life T1/2, which correlates the known data better and thus improves an estimation of Pn when only T1/2, Q?, and Sn are known. This new relation can be used to predict Pn values for cases where the half-life is known, thus it can be useful in r-process network calculations and in modeling advanced fuel cycles.

E. A. McCutchan; A. A. Sonzogni; T. D. Johnson; D. Abriola; M. Birch; B. Singh

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

398

Systematic dental management in head and neck irradiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preservation of teeth has been possible in 528 head and neck patients treated with irradiation at Centre Georges Leclerc, University of Dijon, by careful adherence to precise dental care. Careful initial dental evaluation with appropriate x rays, restoration of oral hygiene, atraumatic extraction technique where indicated, and institution of a program of topical fluoridation has resulted in an overall incidence of less than 3% post-irradiation dental decay and 2% osteoradionecrosis. In a small group of 22 patient who required extraction post-irradiation, precise, strict technique resulted in successful extraction in all but one patient who subsequently developed osteonecrosis. Soft-based dental prostheses were well tolerated in nearly 90% of patients. Adherence to the described principles of dental care will virtually eliminate post-irradiation decay and osteoradionecrosis.

Horiot, J.C. (Centre Georges Leclerc, Dijon, France); Bone, M.C.; Ibrahim, E.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

New physics in CP asymmetries and rare B decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We review and update the effects of physics beyond the standard model on CP asymmetries in B decays. These asymmetries can be significantly altered if there are important new-physics contributions to Bq0-Bq0¯ mixing. This same new physics will, therefore, also contribute to rare, flavor-changing B decays. Through a study of such decays, we show that it is possible to partially distinguish the different models of new physics.

Michael Gronau and David London

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Flavor-changing decays of the Z into heavy neutrinos  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider flavor-changing decays of the Z boson to a fourth-generation heavy neutrino and a light neutrino, which are induced at one loop in the standard model. Such decays have a characteristic monojet signature which makes them readily distinguished experimentally, unlike flavor-changing decays involving quarks. Like other such one-loop processes, however, they are very rare when reasonable mixing angles and intermediate fermion masses are considered.

Frederick J. Gilman and Sun H. Rhie

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

On charm and beauty decays: A theorist's perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present understanding of charm and bottom decays is reviewed. Special emphasis is placed on discussing the theoretical uncertainties in view of the particularly rich harvest of new data from the last year. A semi-quantitative description of D decays has emerged enabling us to address rather detailed and relatively subtle questions there, like on once and twice Cabibbo suppressed decays. Beauty physics having left its infancy is now in its adolescence; its future development towards maturity is analyzed.

Bigi, I.I.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Neutrinoless double beta decay search with the NEMO 3 experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The NEMO 3 experiment searches for neutrinoless double beta decay and makes precision measurements of two?neutrino double beta decay in seven isotopes. The latest two?neutrino half?life results are presented together with the limits on neutrinoless half?lives and the corresponding effective Majorana neutrino masses. Also given are the limits obtained on neutrinoless double beta decay mediated by R p ?violating SUSY right?hand currents and different Majoron emission modes.

Irina Nasteva; NEMO collaboration

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Transportation Energy Futures Series: Freight Transportation Modal Shares: Scenarios for a Low-Carbon Future  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Freight Transportation Modal Freight Transportation Modal Shares: Scenarios for a Low-Carbon Future TRANSPORTATION ENERGY FUTURES SERIES: Freight Transportation Modal Shares: Scenarios for a Low-Carbon Future A Study Sponsored by U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy March 2013 Prepared by CAMBRIDGE SYSTEMATICS Cambridge, MA 02140 under subcontract DGJ-1-11857-01 Technical monitoring performed by NATIONAL RENEWABLE ENERGY LABORATORY Golden, Colorado 80401-3305 managed by Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Under contract DC-A36-08GO28308 This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their

404

Searches for Leptonic B Decays at BaBar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of the branching fractions of purely leptonic decays of B-mesons translate into constraints in the plane of the charged Higgs mass versus tan {beta} which are relatively insensitive to the particular theoretical model. Using the full BABAR dataset of 450 million B-decays we search for these decays. No significant signal is found in the decays into electrons or muons and we set upper limits on the branching fractions of the order of a 10{sup -6} at 90% confidence level. We measure the branching fraction of B {yields} {tau}{mu} to be (1.7 {+-} 0.6) x 10{sup -4}.

Nelson, Silke; /SLAC

2012-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

405

Physicists Challenge Reports of Accelerated Decay of Nuclear...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physicists Challenge Reports of Accelerated Decay of Nuclear Excited State LIVERMORE, Calif.-Physicists from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, in collaboration with...

406

CP violation for neutral charmed meson decays to CP eigenstates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CP asymmetries for neutral charmed meson decays to CP eigenstates are carefully studied. The formulas and numerical results are presented. The impact on experiments is briefly discussed.

Dongsheng Du

2006-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

407

What can we learn from neutrinoless double beta decay experiments?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We assess how well next generation neutrinoless double beta decay and normal neutrino beta decay experiments can answer four fundamental questions. 1) If neutrinoless double beta decay searches do not detect a signal, and if the spectrum is known to be inverted hierarchy, can we conclude that neutrinos are Dirac particles? 2) If neutrinoless double beta decay searches are negative and a next generation ordinary beta decay experiment detects the neutrino mass scale, can we conclude that neutrinos are Dirac particles? 3) If neutrinoless double beta decay is observed with a large neutrino mass element, what is the total mass in neutrinos? 4) If neutrinoless double beta decay is observed but next generation beta decay searches for a neutrino mass only set a mass upper limit, can we establish whether the mass hierarchy is normal or inverted? We base our answers on the expected performance of next generation neutrinoless double beta decay experiments and on simulations of the accuracy of calculations of nuclear matrix elements.

John N. Bahcall; Hitoshi Murayama; Carlos Pena-Garay

2004-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

Lattice Boltzmann simulations of decaying homogeneous isotropic turbulence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Decaying homogeneous isotropic turbulence in inertial and rotating reference frames is investigated to evaluate the capability of the lattice Boltzmann method in turbulence. In the inertial frame case, the decay exponents of kinetic energy and dissipation and the low wave-number scaling of the spectrum are studied. The results are in agreement with classical ones. In the frame-rotation case, simulations show that the energy decay rate decreases with decreasing Rossby number as the energy cascade is inhibited by rotation, again in agreement with turbulence physics. These results clearly indicate that the lattice Boltzmann method captures important features of decaying turbulence.

Huidan Yu; Sharath S. Girimaji; Li-Shi Luo

2005-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

409

Search for New Physics in Rare Top Decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Top physics provides a fertile ground for new-physics searches. At present, most top observables appear to be in good agreement with the respective Standard Model predictions. However, in the case of decay modes that are suppressed in the Standard Model, new-physics contributions of comparable magnitude may exist and yet go unnoticed because their impact on the total decay width is small. Hence it is interesting to probe rare top decays. This analysis focuses on the decay $t \\to b \\bar b c$. Useful observables are identified and prospects for measuring new-physics parameters are examined.

Pratishruti Saha

2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

410

Event generator for J/? and ?(2S) decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have developed a Monte Carlo generator for simulating charmonium J/? and ?(2S) inclusive decay. In the model, charmonium decay via gluons is described by the QCD partonic theory, and the partonic hadronization is handled by the LUND model. Extended C- and G-parity conservation are assumed and abnormal suppression effects of charmonium decay are included. This model reproduces the properties of hadronic events in the charmonium inclusive decay, such as the branching ratios of hadronic resonance, the ratios of stable hadrons and the radiative products, and as the global properties of hadronic events.

J. C. Chen, G. S. Huang, X. R. Qi, D. H. Zhang, and Y. S. Zhu

2000-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

411

RARE KAON DECAYS: IL BUONO, IL BRUTTO, IL CATTIVO.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author briefly reviews recent progress in rare kaon decays, where he takes ''rare'' to mean those with {Beta} < {Omicron}(10{sup -7}).

REDLINGER,G.

2004-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

412

Remarks on the formation and decay of multidimensional shock waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we present a formula describing the formation and decay of shock wave type solutions in some special cases.

V. G. Danilov

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

413

The Immunology Series Comes to an End  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...recent immunology Nobelist, admonishes us that we must heighten our capacity to maintain the immunity of individuals as well as the herd immunity of humankind. He broadens a hypothesis, initially developed in relation to allergy, that the increasing incidence of autoimmune diseases and allergies may well... The thought-provoking article by Zinkernagel in this issue of the Journal 1 brings to a close the series of review articles on immunology that have been appearing in these pages during the past 17 months. Those who have read these reviews will conclude ...

Rosen F.S.; Mackay I.

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Macdonald Polynomials and Multivariable Basic Hypergeometric Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study Macdonald polynomials from a basic hypergeometric series point of view. In particular, we show that the Pieri formula for Macdonald polynomials and its recently discovered inverse, a recursion formula for Macdonald polynomials, both represent multivariable extensions of the terminating very-well-poised 6-phi-5 summation formula. We derive several new related identities including multivariate extensions of Jackson's very-well-poised 8-phi-7 summation. Motivated by our basic hypergeometric analysis, we propose an extension of Macdonald polynomials to Macdonald symmetric functions indexed by partitions with complex parts. These appear to possess nice properties.

Michael J. Schlosser

2007-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

415

EOD TIME SERIES ANALYSIS OF GNATHONEMUS PETERSII  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SUMMARY Series of electric organ discharges of Gnathonemus petersii were recorded by means of a pair of symmetrical electrode assemblies on each side of the fish. The spontaneous \\{EODs\\} in the stationary phase were differentiated (into two groups) according to amplitude variations; the left-dominant and the right-dominant groups. It is concluded that the electric organs are discharging alternately with a monomodal interval distribution on each side. A small distance between bilateral electric organs which would produce temporal EOD slipping-off is far more effective for detection of the electric field disturbances.

S. Chichibu

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

DOE Webinar: Solar Program Overview (EECLP Webinar Series) |...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

DOE Webinar: Solar Program Overview (EECLP Webinar Series) DOE Webinar: Solar Program Overview (EECLP Webinar Series) January 22, 2015 3:00PM to 4:00PM EST Hear from our solar...

417

Hypothesis Testing for Autocorrelated Short Climate Time Series  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Commonly used statistical tests of hypothesis, also termed inferential tests, that are available to meteorologists and climatologists all require independent data in the time series to which they are applied. However, most of the time series that ...

Virginie Guemas; Ludovic Auger; Francisco J. Doblas-Reyes

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Series Resonant Inverter with Contactless Transformers for Multiple LED Lamps.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A half-bridge series-resonant inverter adopted to realize the quasi current source and the constant current source with a number of contactless transformers in series for… (more)

Cheng, Shuen-Wen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

DOE Tribal Renewable Energy Series Webinar: Putting It All Together...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

DOE Tribal Renewable Energy Series Webinar: Putting It All Together DOE Tribal Renewable Energy Series Webinar: Putting It All Together October 29, 2014 5:00PM to 6:30PM EDT...

420

Green Racing Series Revs Engines with Renewable Fuel from INEOS...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Green Racing Series Revs Engines with Renewable Fuel from INEOS Bio Green Racing Series Revs Engines with Renewable Fuel from INEOS Bio March 17, 2014 - 2:55pm Addthis A racecar...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory - Series Connected Hybrid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Magnet Lab Series Connected Hybrid for Magnet Lab Figure 1. Vertical Section of the Series Connected Hybrid Magnet for the Mag Lab. The Magnet Lab has embarked on innovative...

422

Systematic intensity errors caused by spectral truncation: origin and remedy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

X-ray absorption by the monochromator determines the wavelength dispersion in the monochromated X-ray beam and explains the values of 0.03, 0.14 and 0.16 for graphite(002)-monochromated Cu, Mo and Rh radiation. To eliminate the systematic intensity truncation errors, caused by the large wavelength dispersion, a correction is proposed based on the applied scan angle and the real beam spectrum.

Lenstra, A.T.H.

2001-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

423

Accurate and systematically improvable density functional theory embedding for correlated wavefunctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze the sources of error in quantum embedding calculations in which an active subsystem is treated using wavefunction methods, and the remainder using density functional theory. We show that the embedding potential felt by the electrons in the active subsystem makes only a small contribution to the error of the method, whereas the error in the nonadditive exchange-correlation energy dominates. We test an MP2 correction for this term and demonstrate that the corrected embedding scheme accurately reproduces wavefunction calculations for a series of chemical reactions. Our projector-based embedding method uses localized occupied orbitals to partition the system; as with other local correlation methods, abrupt changes in the character of the localized orbitals along a reaction coordinate can lead to discontinuities in the embedded energy, but we show that these discontinuities are small and can be systematically reduced by increasing the size of the active region. Convergence of reaction energies with respect to the size of the active subsystem is shown to be rapid for all cases where the density functional treatment is able to capture the polarization of the environment, even in conjugated systems, and even when the partition cuts across a double bond.

Goodpaster, Jason D.; Barnes, Taylor A.; Miller, Thomas F., E-mail: tfm@caltech.edu [Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Manby, Frederick R., E-mail: fred.manby@bristol.ac.uk [Centre for Computational Chemistry, School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 ITS (United Kingdom)

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

424

Role of deformation in exotic decay studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have recently constructed a model for exotic decay studies using a cubic potential for the overlapping region that is smoothly connected by a Yukawa-plus-exponential potential for the region after separation. In this model, the zero-point vibration energy is explicitly used without violating the energy conservation and the inertial mass coefficient is made dependent on the center of mass distance, but the deformation effect has not been included. In this work, it is taken into account in both the parent and the daughter nuclei, keeping the emitted nucleus always spherical. This model is applied to the cases of {sup 14}C and {sup 24}Ne emissions and also for the recently reported cases of {sup 26}Ne, {sup 28,30}Mg, and {sup 34}Si emissions. It is found that the effect of the fragment deformation (which is always very small in the above decays) on lifetime is negligible while the parent deformation plays an appreciable role in the lifetime calculations.

Shanmugam, G.; Kamalaharan, B. (Department of Physics, Presidency College, Madras 600 005, India (IN))

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Scaling, Intermittency and Decay of MHD Turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a few recent developments that are important for understanding of MHD turbulence. First, MHD turbulence is not so messy as it is usually believed. In fact, the notion of strong non-linear coupling of compressible and incompressible motions along MHD cascade is not tenable. Alfven, slow and fast modes of MHD turbulence follow their own cascades and exhibit degrees of anisotropy consistent with theoretical expectations. Second, the fast decay of turbulence is not related to the compressibility of fluid. Rates of decay of compressible and incompressible motions are very similar. Third, viscosity by neutrals does not suppress MHD turbulence in a partially ionized gas. Instead, MHD turbulence develops magnetic cascade at scales below the scale at which neutrals damp ordinary hydrodynamic motions. Forth, density statistics does not exhibit the universality that the velocity and magnetic field do. For instance, at small Mach numbers the density is anisotropic, but it gets isotropic at high Mach numbers. Fifth, the intermittency of magnetic field and velocity are different. Both depend on whether the measurements are done in local system of reference oriented along the local magnetic field or in the global system of reference related to the mean magnetic field.

A. Lazarian; J. Cho

2004-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

426

Invisible Higgs Decays from Higgs Graviscalar Mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We recompute the invisible Higgs decay width arising from Higgs-graviscalar mixing in the ADD model, comparing the original derivation in the non-diagonal mass basis to that in a diagonal mass basis. The results obtained are identical (and differ by a factor of 2 from the original calculation) but the diagonal-basis derivation is pedagogically useful for clarifying the physics of the invisible width from mixing. We emphasize that both derivations make it clear that a direct scan in energy for a process such as $WW\\to WW$ mediated by Higgs plus graviscalar intermediate resonances would follow a {\\it single} Breit-Wigner form with total width given by $\\Gamma^{tot}=\\Gamma_h^{SM}+\\Gamma_{invisible}$. We also compute the additional contributions to the invisible width due to direct Higgs to graviscalar pair decays. We find that the invisible width due to the latter is relatively small unless the Higgs mass is comparable to or larger than the effective extra-dimensional Planck mass.

Daniele Dominici; John F. Gunion

2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

427

A search for effective strangeness-changing neutral currents in K sub L sup 0 decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results from AGS (Alternating Gradient Synchroton) experiment {number sign} 780 at Brookhaven National Laboratory are reported for the decay modes, K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +} + {mu}{sup {minus}} and K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0} + e{sup +} + e{sup {minus}}. The detector consisted of a charged particle spectrometer of four mini-drift chambers, two upstream and two downstream of an analyzing magnet, a hydrogen Cherenkov counter and lead glass array for electron identification, and a muon filter and range stack consisting of a series of iron slabs followed by arrays of scintillator counters. Several additional counter arrays provided trigger level particle identification and event topology. Di-lepton triggers were accepted for {mu} + e, e + e and {mu} + {mu}. Two charged pion triggers were accepted for normalization to the Cp violating decay K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +} + {pi}{sup {minus}}, and to K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0} + {pi}{sup +} + {pi}{sup {minus}}. Two events consistent with the decay K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +} + {mu}{sup {minus}} were observed with a single event sensitivity of 4.6 {times} 10{sup {minus}9}. This result is consistent with the established branching ratio of (9.1 {plus minus} 1.9) {times} 10{sup {minus}9}. While the sensitivity achieved in experiment {number sign} 780 did not allow for an improved measurement of this decay mode, the result is important as a check of the sensitivity established using the K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +} + {pi}{sup {minus}} decays. One event consistent with K{sub L}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0} + e{sup +} + e{sup {minus}} was observed with a single event sensitivity of 2 {times} 10{sup {minus}7} for the observed lepton pair mass of 328 MeV/c{sup 2}.

Mannelli, E.B.M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Budgets and behaviors of uranium and thorium series isotopes in the Santa Monica Basin off the California Coast  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Samples from three time-series sediment traps deployed in the Santa Monica Basin off the California coast were analyzed to study the flux and scavenging of uranium and thorium series isotopes. Variations of uranium and thorium series isotopes fluxes in the water column were obtained by integrating these time-series deployment results. Mass and radionuclide fluxes measured from bottom sediment traps compare favorably with fluxed determined from sediment core data. This agreement suggests that the near-bottom sediment traps are capable of collecting settling particles representative of the surface sediment. The phase distributions of {sup 234}Th in the water column were calculated by an inverse method using sediment trap data, which help to study the variations of {sup 234}Th scavenging in the water column. Scavenging and radioactive decay of {sup 234}Th are the two principal processes for balancing {sup 234}Th budget in the water column. The residence times of dissolved and particulate {sup 234}Th were determined by a {sup 234}Th scavenging model.

Yu, Lei.

1991-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

429

HEART SMART NUTRITION Mailout or E-mail Lesson Series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEART SMART NUTRITION Mailout or E-mail Lesson Series MEMORANDUM TO : County Extension Agents Fellow, Professor and Extension Nutrition Specialist SUBJECT: Lesson Series Heart Smart Nutrition Heart. A county-wide Heart Smart seminar would also be another opportunity to sign up participants for the series

430

The Geostationary Operational Environment Satellite R-Series Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: GOES-R is a satellite series carrying six instruments designed to enhance weather forecasting, severeGOES-R The Geostationary Operational Environment Satellite R-Series Program Frequently Asked. The GOES-R series of satellites will fly improved spacecraft and instrument technologies, for more timely

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

431

Supporting Information Systematic assessment of terrestrial biogeochemistry in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biomass Inventories Fluxnet Figure S1. Conceptual diagram of observations available for testing carbon and land carbon fluxes when this information is combined with fossil fuel inventory time series. Isotope and continental-scale fluxes on timescales of years to decades. Biomass inventories are sparse but crucial

Hoffman, Forrest M.

432

Theoretical study of odd-mass Fr isotopes using the collective clusterization approach of the dynamical cluster-decay model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The reaction dynamics of various odd-mass Fr isotopes is studied over a wide range of incident energies, spread across the Coulomb barrier. The specific reactions analyzed are 18O+197Au and 19F+192,194,196,198,200Pt, forming odd-mass 211?219Fr* compound systems where some data are available for three of these isotopes: 213,215,217Fr*. Based on the dynamical cluster-decay model (DCM), we have extended our calculations of the evaporation residue (ER) cross sections to the mainly fissioning 215Fr*, using the systematics of 213,217Fr* isotopes where the available ER cross sections (as well as fusion-fission cross sections) were studied earlier within the DCM. In order to obtain a clear picture of the dynamics involved, including entrance channel effects, the variations of fragmentation potential, preformation factor, and decay barrier height are analyzed. The relevance of barrier modification effects is also explored in the decay of 213,215,217Fr* nuclei. In addition, fusion-fission (ff) cross sections are extended to 213,217Fr* systems where some more data has recently become available. Also, the fission fragment anisotropies (so far measured and studied for 215Fr* alone) are estimated for 213,217Fr* using DCM for the use of nonsticking moment of inertia, and relevant comparison with the sticking moment-of-inertia approach is analyzed. Furthermore, the shell closure effects of the decay fragments are investigated for odd-mass 211?219Fr* isotopes.

Gudveen Sawhney; Gurvinder Kaur; Manoj K. Sharma; Raj K. Gupta

2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

433

CDM Emission Reductions Calculation Sheet Series | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CDM Emission Reductions Calculation Sheet Series CDM Emission Reductions Calculation Sheet Series Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CDM Emission Reductions Calculation Sheet Series Agency/Company /Organization: Institute for Global Environmental Strategies Sector: Energy, Water Focus Area: Agriculture, Greenhouse Gas Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory Resource Type: Online calculator User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.iges.or.jp/en/cdm/report_ers.html Cost: Free CDM Emission Reductions Calculation Sheet Series Screenshot References: CDM Emission Reductions Calculation Sheet Series[1] "IGES ERs Calculation Sheet aims at providing a simplified spreadsheet for demonstrating emission reductions based on the approved methodologies corresponding to eligible project activities. The sheet will provide you

434

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Efficacy of Appropriate Empiric Antibiotic Therapy for Sepsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...mortality assessment, prospective plan to assess appropriate empirical...myocardial infarction? A systematic review and meta-analysis. CJEM 10...Furuno. 2007. A systematic review of the methods used to assess...immunocompetent patients: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised...

Mical Paul; Vered Shani; Eli Muchtar; Galia Kariv; Eyal Robenshtok; Leonard Leibovici

2010-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

435

Decay of the resonantly excited states of atomic Kr  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 3p-1?5s1 resonant excitation energy and decay width of Kr atoms are calculated by an ab initio Green’s-function method. The dipolar relaxation energy shift of the 3p-1?5s1 resonantly excited state of Kr atoms is predominantly due to the 3p-15s1?3d-25s1?f super-Coster-Kronig (sCK) spectator decay process. The calculated excitation energies are overestimated by about 1.0 eV. The decay widths for 3p1/2-1?5s1 and 3p3/2-1?5s1 resonantly excited states are 2.08 and 1.88 eV, respectively. They are larger than the decay widths of the 3p1/2-1 and 3p3/2-1 core-level ionized states. The increase of the decay width is a result of the decrease of 3p-15s1?3d-25s1?f sCK spectator decay and the increase of 3p-15s1?3d-14s(p)-15s1?p(d) CK spectator decay. The changes of the (s)CK decay rates are due to the screening of the final two-hole-state potential by the resonantly excited 5s electron.

Masahide Ohno

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Large CP Violation in Bs Decays and Light WR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......September 1990 research-article Articles Large CP Violation in B s Decays and Light W R Hiroyuki...1) theory, the possibility of large CP violating asymmetries in B S decays is investigated...that a certain class of models where the CP symmetry is violated spontaneously and a......

Hiroyuki Nishiura; Minoru Tanaka; Eiichi Takasugi

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Branching ratios for the beta decay of Na-21  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have measured the beta-decay branching ratio for the transition from Na-21 to the first excited state of Ne-21. A recently published test of the standard model, which was based on a measurement of the beta-nu correlation in the decay of Na-21...

Iacob, V. E.; Hardy, John C.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Goodwin, J.; Nica, N.; Park, H. I.; Tabacaru, G.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Zhai, Y.; Towner, I. S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Search for the decays B-0->D(*)D+(*)(-)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the CLEO-II data set we have searched for the decays B-0 --> D-(*+)D-(*-) We observe one candidate signal event for the decay B-0 --> D*+D*- with an expected background of 0.022 +/- 0.011 events. This yield corresponds to a branching fraction...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

74Exploring Nuclear Decay and Radiation Dose The devastating earthquake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

74Exploring Nuclear Decay and Radiation Dose The devastating earthquake that struck northern Japan vent radioactive gas and dust clouds into the environment. Although the initial radiation levels were extremely high, the natural decay of the radioactive compounds will cause the radiation levels at any given

440

First search for CP violation in tau lepton decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have performed the first search for CP violation in tau lepton decay. CP violation in lepton decay does not occur in the minimal standard model but can occur in extensions such as the multi-Higgs doublet model. It appears as a characteristic...

Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhou, L.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Evidence for the Decay X(3872) ? ?(2S)?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evidence for the decay mode X(3872) ? ?(2S)? in B[superscript +] ? X(3872)K[superscript +] decays is found with a significance of 4.4 standard deviations. The analysis is based on a data sample of proton–proton collisions, ...

Counts, Ian Thomas Hunt

442

Correlated two-proton decay from (10)C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and for a newly found level at E* = 8.4 MeV. A state at E* = 6.57 MeV is shown to undergo two-proton decay to (8)Be(g.s.) with strong p-p correlations consistent with the (1)S phase shift. Based on the lack of such correlations for other two-proton decays...

Mercurio, K.; Charity, R. J.; Shane, R.; Sobotka, L. G.; Elson, J. M.; Famiano, M.; Wuosmaa, A. H.; Banu, A.; Fu, C.; Trache, L.; Tribble, Robert E.; Mukhamedzhanov, A. M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Internal conversions in Higgs decays to two photons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We evaluate the partial widths for internal conversions in the Higgs decays to two photons. For the Higgs masses of interest at the CERN LHC in the range of 100-150 GeV, the conversions to pairs of fermions represent a significant fraction of Higgs decays.

Firan, Ana; Stroynowski, Ryszard [Department of Physics, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas 75275-0175 (United States)

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Strategies for Next Generation Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strategies for Next Generation Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiments F. T. Avignone III A brief discussion of the connection between neutrino oscillation data and predictions of neutrinoless the necessary tools for comparative evaluation. 1. INTRODUCTION Neutrinoless double-beta (0)-decay has been

445

Neutrinoless double-beta decay. A brief review  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this brief review we discuss the generation of Majorana neutrino masses through the see-saw mechanism, the theory of neutrinoless double-beta decay, the implications of neutrino oscillation data for the effective Majorana mass, taking into account the recent Daya Bay measurement of theta_13, and the interpretation of the results of neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments.

S. M. Bilenky; C. Giunti

2012-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

446

Limit on the electric charge-nonconserving $?^+ \\to invisible$ decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first limit on the branching ratio of the electric charge-nonconserving invisible muon decay $Br(\\mu^+ \\to invisible) invisible$ decay rate are discussed. These leptonic charge-nonconserving processes may hold in four-dimensional world in models with infinite extra dimensions, thus making their searches complementary to collider experiments probing new physics.

S. N. Gninenko

2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

447

Search for invisible decays of the (1S)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We search for invisible decays of the ?(1S) meson using a sample of 91.4×10[superscript 6] ?(3S) mesons collected at the BABAR/PEP-II B factory. We select events containing the decay ?(3S)??[superscript +]?[superscript ...

Zhao, M.

448

BEAM-BASED MEASUREMENTS OF PERSISTENT CURRENT DECAY IN RHIC.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The two RHIC rings are equipped with superconducting dipole magnets. At injection, induced persistent currents in these magnets lead to a sextupole component. As the persistent currents decay with time, the horizontal and vertical chromaticities change. From magnet measurements of persistent current decays, chromaticity changes in the machine are estimated and compared with chromaticity measurements.

FISCHER,W.; JAIN,A.; TEPIKIAN,S.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

449

Search for baryon number violation in top-quark decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for baryon number violation (BNV) in top-quark decays is performed using pp collisions produced by the LHC at [sqrt s]=8 TeV. The top-quark decay considered in this search results in one light lepton (muon or ...

CMS Collaboration

450

Hadronic B decays at BaBar and Belle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors review recent results of the BABAR and Belle Collaborations on the {alpha} and {gamma} angles of the unitarity triangle, on the B {yields} K{pi}{pi} Dalitz-plot analyses, and on the searches for baryonic B decays and for B {yields} D{bar D} decays.

Lombardo, Vincenzo; /Milan U. /INFN, Milan

2008-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

451

Double Beta Decay and the Absolute Neutrino Mass Scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After a short review of the current status of three-neutrino mixing, the implications for the values of neutrino masses are discussed. The bounds on the absolute scale of neutrino masses from Tritium beta-decay and cosmological data are reviewed. Finally, we discuss the implications of three-neutrino mixing for neutrinoless double-beta decay.

Carlo Giunti

2003-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

452

On bulk viscosity and moduli decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This pedagogically intended lecture, one of four under the header "Basics of thermal QCD", reviews an interesting relationship, originally pointed out by Bodeker, that exists between the bulk viscosity of Yang-Mills theory (of possible relevance to the hydrodynamics of heavy ion collision experiments) and the decay rate of scalar fields coupled very weakly to a heat bath (appearing in some particle physics inspired cosmological scenarios). This topic serves, furthermore, as a platform on which a number of generic thermal field theory concepts are illustrated. The other three lectures (on the QCD equation of state and the rates of elastic as well as inelastic processes experienced by heavy quarks) are recapitulated in brief encyclopedic form.

M. Laine

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

Higgs boson production and decay: Dalitz sector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The processes H ? f ¯ f ? ( g ) , p p ? q ¯ + q ? H + ? ( g ) and p p ? q ( q ¯ ) + g ? H + q ( q ¯ ) pose severe challenges to the experimental analysis. They represent rare decays and production mechanisms of the Higgs boson at LHC. However, they are not Yukawa suppressed at next-to-leading order opening a window for the correct definition of pseudo-observables, e.g. a definition of ? ( H ? Z ? ) with universal inherent meaning, that are currently used in extracting information for the couplings of the newly discovered resonance at LHC. The impact of genuinely electroweak NLO corrections is discussed, as well as the comparison of ? ( p p ? g g X ? e + e ? ? ) to its zero-width approximation.

Giampiero Passarino

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Noncharacteristic half-lives in radioactive decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Half-lives of radionuclides span more than 50 orders of magnitude. We characterize the probability distribution of this broad-range data set at the same time that we explore a method for fitting power laws and testing goodness-of-fit. It is found that the procedure proposed recently by Clauset et al. [SIAM Rev. 51, 661 (2009)] does not perform well as it rejects the power-law hypothesis even for power-law synthetic data. In contrast, we establish the existence of a power-law exponent with a value around 1.1 for the half-life density, which can be explained by the sharp relationship between decay rate and released energy, for different disintegration types. For the case of alpha emission, this relationship constitutes an original mechanism of power-law generation.

Álvaro Corral; Francesc Font; Juan Camacho

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

455

Progress in computing inclusive B decay spectra.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 06 01 18 1v 1 2 1 Ja n 20 06 Progress in computing inclusive B decay spectra Einan Gardi and Jeppe R. Andersen Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, J J Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE, UK We review the progress... V, M0E =1.7GeV x =1GeV, M0E =1.7GeV, fully diff. x =1GeV, M0E =0.66GeV max + =1GeV, P0E =0.66GeV, fully diff. max + =1GeV, P0E Figure 4. The P? spectrum in B¯ ?? Xul?¯ as calculated by DGE [17], after integration over P+ and El in four different...

Gardi, Einan; Andersen, Jeppe R

456

Antiproton Limits on Decaying Gravitino Dark Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on constraints on the lifetime of decaying gravitino dark matter in models with bilinear R-parity violation derived from observations of cosmic-ray antiprotons with the PAMELA experiment. Performing a scan over a viable set of cosmic-ray propagation parameters we find lower limits ranging from $8\\times 10^{28}$s to $6\\times 10^{28}$s for gravitino masses from roughly 100 GeV to 10 TeV. Comparing these limits to constraints derived from gamma-ray and neutrino observations we conclude that the presented antiproton limits are currently the strongest and most robust limits on the gravitino lifetime in the considered mass range. These constraints correspond to upper limits on the size of the bilinear R-parity breaking parameter in the range of $10^{-8}$ to $8\\times 10^{-13}$.

Grefe, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Experimental searches of neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrinoless double decay is a unique probe for lepton number conservation and neutrino properties. It allows to investigate the Dirac/Majorana nature of the neutrinos and their absolute mass scale (hierarchy problem) with unprecedented sensitivity. A number of experiments are presently under preparation to cover the quasi-degenerate region of the neutrino mass spectrum. Improved sensitivities are however required to sound the so-called inverted hierarchy region. This is a real challenge faced by a number of new proposed projects, based either on large expansions of the present experiments or on new ideas top improve the technical performance or reduce the background contributions. A review of the most relevant ongoing experiments is given. The most relevant parameters contributing to the experimental sensitivity are discussed and a critical comparison of the future projects is proposed.

Oliviero Cremonesi

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

458

? decay of Fr216 and At212  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The alpha and coincident gamma decays of Fr216 and At212 in secular equilibrium with 0.8 s Pa224 and 26.1 ms Ac220 have been studied with emphasis on the level scheme of At212. The level structure has been interpreted in terms of the shell model configurations ?(h9/2)9/23?(g9/2), ?(h9/2)0+2(f7/2)?(g9/2), and ?(h9/2)9/23?(i11/2). These configurations are then compared with the calculated configurations in At212 and with the corresponding experimental configurations in Bi210 and Bi212. In all three cases plots of the experimental energies vs the spin show the expected inverted parabola shape, but as we move farther away from the Pb208 closed shells, the inverted parabolas become more compressed. © 1996 The American Physical Society.

C. F. Liang; P. Paris; R. K. Sheline; P. Alexa; A. Gizon

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

GAO-03-119, High-Risk Series: An Update  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

January 2003 High-Risk Series An Update GAO-03-119 This Series This report entitled High-Risk Series: An Update is part of a special GAO series, first issued in 1993 and periodically updated. In this 2003 report, GAO identifies areas at high risk due to either their greater vulnerabilities to waste, fraud, abuse, and mismanagement or major challenges associated with their economy, efficiency, or effectiveness. This series also includes reports on three crosscutting high-risk areas: strategic human capital management, protecting information systems supporting the federal government and the nation's critical infrastructures, and federal real property. A companion series, Performance and Accountability Series: Major Management Challenges and Program Risks, contains separate reports covering each cabinet department, most major independent agencies, and the U.S.

460

Combined Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Tilt- and Focal Series  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, a combined tilt- and focal series is proposed as a new recording scheme for high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) tomography. Three-dimensional (3D) data were acquired by mechanically tilting the specimen, and recording a through-focal series at each tilt direction. The sample was a whole-mount macrophage cell with embedded gold nanoparticles. The tilt focal algebraic reconstruction technique (TF-ART) is introduced as a new algorithm to reconstruct tomograms from such combined tilt- and focal series. The feasibility of TF-ART was demonstrated by 3D reconstruction of the experimental 3D data. The results were compared with a conventional STEM tilt series of a similar sample. The combined tilt- and focal series led to smaller missing wedge artifacts, and a higher axial resolution than obtained for the STEM tilt series, thus improving on one of the main issues of tilt series-based electron tomography.

Dahmen, Tim [German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), Germany] [German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), Germany; Baudoin, Jean-Pierre G [ORNL] [ORNL; Lupini, Andrew R [ORNL] [ORNL; Kubel, Christian [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Leopoldshafen, Germany] [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Leopoldshafen, Germany; Slusallek, Phillip [German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), Germany] [German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), Germany; De Jonge, Niels [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Constraining Mass Spectra with Sterile Neutrinos from Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, Tritium Beta Decay and Cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the constraints on neutrino mass spectra with extra sterile neutrinos as implied by the LSND experiment. The various mass related observables in neutrinoless double beta decay, tritium beta decay and cosmology are discussed. Both neutrino oscillation results as well as recent cosmological neutrino mass bounds are taken into account. We find that some of the allowed mass patterns are severely restricted by the current constraints, in particular by the cosmological constraints on the total sum of neutrino masses and by the non-maximality of the solar neutrino mixing angle. Furthermore, we estimate the form of the four neutrino mass matrices and also comment on the situation in scenarios with two additional sterile neutrinos.

Srubabati Goswami; Werner Rodejohann

2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

462

Jefferson Lab Science Series - Einstein for Everyone  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Restoration of the USS Monitor The Restoration of the USS <i>Monitor</i> Previous Video (The Restoration of the USS Monitor) Science Series Video Archive Next Video (The Mysterious Universe) The Mysterious Universe Einstein for Everyone Dr. Robert Piccioni October 5, 2010 Young Einstein was a rebel who seemed doomed to fail. How did he overcome rejection to become the most famous scientist in history? We will discuss and explain all his theories in plain English and without math, and we will discover how Einstein's achievements impact our lives through DVDs, GPS, iPods, computers and green energy. Is the space above this area blank? If so, there may be a problem loading the embedded version of the video from YouTube. Either their server is having issues or your school is actively blocking access to YouTube. If

463

Jefferson Lab Science Series - The Ultimate Speed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Higgs Boson and Our Life Higgs Boson and Our Life Previous Video (The Higgs Boson and Our Life) Science Series Video Archive Next Video (What Is CEBAF All About?) What Is CEBAF All About? The Ultimate Speed Dr. William Bertozzi - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sometime in 1962 In his youth, Dr. William Bertozzi, an MIT professor who has long been a leader in experimental nuclear physics using beams of electrons, carried out an experiment in which he explored the relationship between the velocity of electrons and their kinetic energy by measurements over a range of accelerating voltages between 0.5 MeV and 15 MeV. The kinetic energy is measured using calorimetry and the velocity is measured by time-of-flight. This educational film, made in 1962, documents the experiment and shows

464

CHAPTER XVI - TIME SERIES: SEASONAL FLUCTUATIONS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the seasonal fluctuations in time series. Seasonal variations are defined either to be studied separately or—more often—to be removed, thus, allowing concentrating on the remaining variation. If the annual data are not strongly influenced by trend movements or cyclical changes, it is possible to compare seasonal data usually—monthly data with averages not adjusted for trend and express them as percentages of these averages. In reality, the amplitude and period of seasonal movements vary in most cases from year to year, being affected by seasonal as well as by cyclical, random, and other nonseasonal factors. The averages, expressed in percentages, thus obtained are preliminary seasonal indexes. Seasonal indices based on the fitting of curves to monthly ratios, expressed as percentages, to moving averages are called moving seasonal indexes.

ISAAC PAENSON

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Convergence and divergence of Fourier series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Theorem 26, in euob gros@ of terse cormsgonaing to Q ~ f cs /~ Ie g substitute C ~ X for g ~ Vc bEIFQ e, series ~ Pt~ &J l~g' ~ ~ es before~ ecgi p~~ 4 ~ m ghenevey 'I gAgf' - &. &~j-c+& ~ 4 gA, k. . -- f, ZA~&g; The serums stiD. oonverges nnifon...myles"aqua~, c~pcpg apop CXQFtQSQ $2VXQ8 M 'eKISR) go eexPop cap. cog. e~~bax s~j go qu~g~ ~~ ~ ssxag go alloy ~c~s, ", pnr ~g~~y s~ ~ jacuzzi ~seps~g a~ oq. ~~ng l @amuse aa~gv ~u m~ ao ~~~ucTsa e &, so. , '3 '3 t &~% ~Q pQO ~EBS 0$ SQ...

Bryant, Jack Douglas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

466

Dark radiation from particle decay: cosmological constraints and opportunities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study particle decay as the origin of dark radiation. After elaborating general properties and useful parametrisations we provide model-independent and easy-to-use constraints from nucleosynthesis, the cosmic microwave background and structure formation. Bounds on branching ratios and mass hierarchies depend in a unique way on the time of decay. We demonstrate their power to exclude well-motivated scenarios taking the example of the lightest ordinary sparticle decaying into the gravitino. We point out signatures and opportunities in cosmological observations and structure formation. For example, if there are two dark decay modes, dark radiation and the observed dark matter with adjustable free-streaming can originate from the same decaying particle, solving small-scale problems of structure formation. Hot dark matter mimicking a neutrino mass scale as deduced from cosmological observations can arise and possibly be distinguished after a discovery. Our results can be used as a guideline for model building.

Hasenkamp, Jasper; Kersten, Jörn, E-mail: Jasper.Hasenkamp@desy.de, E-mail: Joern.Kersten@desy.de [II. Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Hamburg, 22761 Hamburg (Germany)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Dark radiation from particle decay: cosmological constraints and opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study particle decay as the origin of dark radiation. After elaborating general properties and useful parametrisations we provide model-independent and easy-to-use constraints from nucleosynthesis, the cosmic microwave background and structure formation. Bounds on branching ratios and mass hierarchies depend in a unique way on the time of decay. We demonstrate their power to exclude well-motivated scenarios taking the example of the lightest ordinary sparticle decaying into the gravitino. We point out signatures and opportunities in cosmological observations and structure formation. For example, if there are two dark decay modes, dark radiation and the observed dark matter with adjustable free-streaming can originate from the same decaying particle, solving small-scale problems of structure formation. Hot dark matter mimicking a neutrino mass scale as deduced from cosmological observations can arise and possibly be distinguished after a discovery. Our results can be used as a guideline for model building.

Jasper Hasenkamp; Jörn Kersten

2014-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

468

CP-violating polarizations in semileptonic heavy meson decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the T-violating lepton transverse polarization (Pl?) in three body semileptonic heavy meson decays to pseudoscalar mesons and to vector mesons. We calculate these polarizations in the heavy quark effective limit, which simplifies the expressions considerably. After examining constraints from CP-conserving (including b?s?) and CP-violating processes, we find that in B decays P? of the muon in multi-Higgs-doublet models can be of order 13%, while P? of the ? can even approach unity. In contrast, P?? in D decays is at most 1.5%. We discuss possibilities for detection of Pl? at current and future B factories. We also show that Pl? in decays to vector mesons, unlike in decays to pseudoscalars, can get contributions from left-right models. Unfortunately, Pl? in that case is proportional to WL-WR mixing, and is thus small.

Robert Garisto

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Dissipative phase transitions: Independent versus collective decay and spin squeezing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the XY model with infinite-range interactions (Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model) in the presence of dissipation from spontaneous decay. We show that independent and collective decay lead to qualitatively different phase transitions of the steady state, even though the phase boundary is the same. Independent decay leads to a second-order phase transition to a ferromagnet, while collective decay leads to a first-order transition to a time-dependent oscillatory phase. Then we show that the addition of a drive leads to infinite spin squeezing for collective decay in the thermodynamic limit. Our results can be experimentally seen in trapped-ion and cavity-QED experiments.

Tony E. Lee; Ching-Kit Chan; Susanne F. Yelin

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

470

Complex-Energy Shell-Model Description of Alpha Decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In his pioneering work of alpha decay, Gamow assumed that the alpha particle formed inside the nucleus tunnels through the barrier of the alpha-daughter potential. The corresponding metastable state can be viewed as a complex-energy solution of the time-independent Schroedinger equation with the outgoing boundary condition. The formation of the alpha cluster, missing in the original Gamow formulation, can be described within the R-matrix theory in terms of the formation amplitude. In this work, the alpha decay process is described by computing the formation amplitude and barrier penetrability in a large complex-energy configuration space spanned by the complex-energy eigenstates of the finite Woods-Saxon (WS) potential. The proper normalization of the decay channel is essential as it strongly modifies the alpha-decay spectroscopic factor. The test calculations are carried out for the ^{212}Po alpha decay.

Id Betan, R. [Rosario Physics Institute, Rosario, Argentina] [Rosario Physics Institute, Rosario, Argentina; Nazarewicz, Witold [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Arbitrary mass Majorana neutrinos in neutrinoless double beta decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We revisit the mechanism of neutrinoless double beta (0???) decay mediated by the exchange with the heavy Majorana neutrino N of arbitrary mass mN, slightly mixed ?UeN with the electron neutrino ?e. By assuming the dominance of this mechanism, we update the well-known 0???-decay exclusion plot in the mN?UeN plane taking into account recent progress in the calculation of nuclear matrix elements within quasiparticle random phase approximation and improved experimental bounds on the 0???-decay half-life of Ge76 and Xe136. We also consider the known formula approximating the mN dependence of the 0???-decay nuclear matrix element in a simple explicit form. We analyze its accuracy and specify the corresponding parameters, allowing one to easily calculate the 0???-decay half-life for arbitrary mN for all the experimentally interesting isotopes without resorting to real nuclear structure calculations.

Amand Faessler; Marcela González; Sergey Kovalenko; Fedor Šimkovic

2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

472

Arbitrary mass Majorana neutrinos in neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the mechanism of neutrinoless double beta (NLDBD) decay mediated by the exchange with the heavy Majorana neutrino N of arbitrary mass mN, slightly mixed with the electron neutrino. By assuming the dominance of this mechanism, we update the well-known NLDBD-decay exclusion plot in the mass-mixing angle plane taking into account recent progress in the calculation of nuclear matrix elements within quasiparticle random phase approximation and improved experimental bounds on the NLDBD-decay half-life of Ge-76 and Xe-136. We also consider the known formula approximating the mN dependence of the NLDBD-decay nuclear matrix element in a simple explicit form. We analyze its accuracy and specify the corresponding parameters, allowing one to easily calculate the NLDBD-decay half-life for arbitrary mN for all the experimentally interesting isotopes without resorting to real nuclear structure calculations.

Amand Faessler; Marcela Gonzalez; Sergey Kovalenko; Fedor Simkovic

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

473

The nuclear matrix elements for neutrinoless double beta decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The status of calculation of the neutrinoless double beta decay ( 0??? ?decay) nuclear matrix elements (NME's) is reviewed. The spread of published values of NME's is discussed. The main attention is paid to the recent progress achieved in the evaluation of the 0??? ?decay NME's in the framework of the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA). The obtained results are compared with those of the nuclear shell model. The problem of reliable determination of the 0??? ?decay NME's is addressed. The uncertainty in NME's are analyzed and further progress in calculation of the 0??? ?decay NME's is outlined.

Fedor Šimkovic

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Software test-code engineering: A systematic mapping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractContext As a result of automated software testing, large amounts of software test code (script) are usually developed by software teams. Automated test scripts provide many benefits, such as repeatable, predictable, and efficient test executions. However, just like any software development activity, development of test scripts is tedious and error prone. We refer, in this study, to all activities that should be conducted during the entire lifecycle of test-code as Software Test-Code Engineering (STCE). Objective As the STCE research area has matured and the number of related studies has increased, it is important to systematically categorize the current state-of-the-art and to provide an overview of the trends in this field. Such summarized and categorized results provide many benefits to the broader community. For example, they are valuable resources for new researchers (e.g., PhD students) aiming to conduct additional secondary studies. Method In this work, we systematically classify the body of knowledge related to STCE through a systematic mapping (SM) study. As part of this study, we pose a set of research questions, define selection and exclusion criteria, and systematically develop and refine a systematic map. Results Our study pool includes a set of 60 studies published in the area of STCE between 1999 and 2012. Our mapping data is available through an online publicly-accessible repository. We derive the trends for various aspects of STCE. Among our results are the following: (1) There is an acceptable mix of papers with respect to different contribution facets in the field of STCE and the top two leading facets are tool (68%) and method (65%). The studies that presented new processes, however, had a low rate (3%), which denotes the need for more process-related studies in this area. (2) Results of investigation about research facet of studies and comparing our result to other SM studies shows that, similar to other fields in software engineering, STCE is moving towards more rigorous validation approaches. (3) A good mixture of STCE activities has been presented in the primary studies. Among them, the two leading activities are quality assessment and co-maintenance of test-code with production code. The highest growth rate for co-maintenance activities in recent years shows the importance and challenges involved in this activity. (4) There are two main categories of quality assessment activity: detection of test smells and oracle assertion adequacy. (5) \\{JUnit\\} is the leading test framework which has been used in about 50% of the studies. (6) There is a good mixture of SUT types used in the studies: academic experimental systems (or simple code examples), real open-source and commercial systems. (7) Among 41 tools that are proposed for STCE, less than half of the tools (45%) were available for download. It is good to have this percentile of tools to be available, although not perfect, since the availability of tools can lead to higher impact on research community and industry. Conclusion We discuss the emerging trends in STCE, and discuss the implications for researchers and practitioners in this area. The results of our systematic mapping can help researchers to obtain an overview of existing STCE approaches and spot areas in the field that require more attention from the research community.

Vahid Garousi Yusifo?lu; Yasaman Amannejad; Aysu Betin Can

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Need for Systematic Retrofit Analysis in Multifamily Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multifamily housing offers high potential for energy savings through retrofits. A comprehensive energy audit with systematic evaluation of alternative energy measures is one of the key steps to realizing the full energy savings potential. However, this potential often remains unrealized when the selection of measures is (1) based on a one-size-fits-all approach originating from accustomed practices, (2) intended merely to meet code-compliance requirements, and/or (3) influenced by owner renter split incentive. In such cases, the benefits of comprehensive energy auditing are disregarded in view of the apparent difficulty in diagnosing multifamily buildings, evaluating alternative measures, and installing customized sets of measures. This paper highlights some of the barriers encountered in a multifamily housing retrofit project in Georgia and demonstrates the merits of systematic retrofit analysis by identifying opportunities for higher energy savings and improved comfort and indoor air quality that were missed in this project. The study uses a whole-building energy analysis conducted for a 10-unit, low-rise, multifamily building of a 110-unit apartment complex. The analysis projected a 24% energy savings from the measures installed in the building with a payback period of 10 years. Further analysis with a systematic evaluation of alternative measures showed that without compromising on the objectives of durability, livability, and appearance of the building, energy savings of up to 34% were achievable with a payback period of 7 years. The paper concludes by outlining recommendations that may benefit future retrofit projects by improving the audit process, streamlining tasks, and achieving higher energy savings.

Malhotra, Mini [ORNL; Im, Piljae [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

The effect of weak magnetism and induced pseudoscalar coupling in neutrinoless double-beta decay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In calculating the amplitude of the majorana neutrino-mass mechanism of neutrinoless double-beta decay (0???-decay), several approximations of the...pn-rqrpa) for all nuclei undergoing double-beta decay in the re...

G. Pantis; F. Šimkovic

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

First results on neutrinoless double beta decay of Te-130 with the calorimetric cuoricino experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evidence for Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay” arXiv:hep-on “Evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay”- arXiv:hep-Results on Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of 130 Te with the

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Search for di-muon decays of a low-mass Higgs boson in radiative decays of the ?(1S)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We search for di-muon decays of a low-mass Higgs boson (A[superscript 0]) produced in radiative ?(1S) decays. The ?(1S) sample is selected by tagging the pion pair in the ?(2S,3S)??[superscript +]?[superscript -]?(1S) ...

Cowan, Ray Franklin

479

Systematic characterization of protein glycosylation of bacteria cell surface proteins  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bacteria cell Bacteria cell Insoluble fraction Glycoprotein Enrichment Integrated top-down and bottom-up Glycoprotein & Glycopeptide Step 1: Glycoproteome profile Glycans HILIC-FTICR-MS/MS (Sequencing ) Step 2: Glycan profile NMR (structure recognization) Data Interpretation Databases De Novo and other algorithms Step 3: Glycoinformatics Glycan database Glycoprotein database Hydrolysis graphitized carbon cloumn Schematic Representation of Proposed Platform for Bacterial Glycoproteome Characterization EMSL Research and Capability Development Proposals Systematic characterization of protein glycosylation of bacteria cell surface proteins Project start date: July 2011 Principal Investigator: Si Wu Mass Spectrometry and Magnet Resonance Group, EMSL, PNNL Co-investigators:

480

Reducing Zero-point Systematics in Dark Energy Supernova Experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the effect of filter zero-point uncertainties on future supernova dark energy missions. Fitting for calibration parameters using simultaneous analysis of all Type Ia supernova standard candles achieves a significant improvement over more traditional fit methods. This conclusion is robust under diverse experimental configurations (number of observed supernovae, maximum survey redshift, inclusion of additional systematics). This approach to supernova fitting considerably eases otherwise stringent mission cali- bration requirements. As an example we simulate a space-based mission based on the proposed JDEM satellite; however the method and conclusions are general and valid for any future supernova dark energy mission, ground or space-based.

Faccioli, Lorenzo; Kim, Alex G; Miquel, Ramon; Bernstein, Gary; Bonissent, Alain; Brown, Matthew; Carithers, William; Christiansen, Jodi; Connolly, Natalia; Deustua, Susana; Gerdes, David; Gladney, Larry; Kushner, Gary; Linder, Eric; McKee, Shawn; Mostek, Nick; Shukla, Hemant; Stebbins, Albert; Stoughton, Chris; Tucker, David

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay series systematics" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Evidence for a Higgs boson in tau decays with the CMS detector .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this thesis, I describe the search for a Higgs boson through its decay to a pair of tan leptons with the tau-pair subsequently decaying… (more)

Dutta, Valentina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

A Search for the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay of Xenon-136 with Improved Sensitivity from Denoising .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The EXO-200 detector is designed to search for the neutrinoless double beta decay of 136Xe. ??0? decay, if it occurs in nature, would demonstrate the… (more)

Davis, Clayton G.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Systematic quantum corrections to screening in thermonuclear fusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a series expansion of the plasma screening length away from the classical limit in powers of $\\hbar^{2}$. It is shown that the leading order quantum correction increases the screening length in solar conditions by approximately 2% while it decreases the fusion rate by approximately $ 0.34%$. We also calculate the next higher order quantum correction which turns out to be approximately 0.05%.

Chitanvis, S M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Systematic quantum corrections to screening in thermonuclear fusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a series expansion of the plasma screening length away from the classical limit in powers of $\\hbar^{2}$. It is shown that the leading order quantum correction increases the screening length in solar conditions by approximately 2% while it decreases the fusion rate by approximately $ 0.34%$. We also calculate the next higher order quantum correction which turns out to be approximately 0.05%.

Shirish M. Chitanvis

2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

485

Pathways Towards Habitable Planets ASP Conference Series, Vol. 430, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interferometer operating in the mid-infrared (e.g. 5-15 µm) designed to measure exozodiacal debris disks around such as formation flying and control of systematic noise sources are likely to prevent these missions from entering

Bordé, Pascal J.

486

$K \\rightarrow ??$ $?I=3/2$ decay amplitude in the continuum limit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present new results for the amplitude $A_2$ for a kaon to decay into two pions with isospin $I=2$: Re$A_2 = 1.50(4)_\\mathrm{stat}(14)_\\mathrm{syst}\\times 10^{-8}$ GeV; Im$A_2 = -6.99(20)_\\mathrm{stat}(84)_\\mathrm{syst}\\times 10^{-13}$ GeV. These results were obtained from two ensembles generated at physical quark masses (in the isospin limit) with inverse lattice spacings $a^{-1}=1.728(4)$ GeV and $2.358(7)$ GeV. We are therefore able to perform a continuum extrapolation and hence largely to remove the dominant systematic uncertainty from our earlier results, that due to lattice artefacts. The only previous lattice computation of $K\\to\\pi\\pi$ decays at physical kinematics was performed using an ensemble at a single, rather coarse, value of the lattice spacing ($a^{-1}\\simeq 1.37(1)$ GeV). We confirm the observation that there is a significant cancellation between the two dominant contributions to Re$A_2$ which we suggest is an important ingredient in understanding the $\\Delta I=1/2$ rule, Re$A_0$/Re$A_2\\simeq 22.5$, where the subscript denotes the total isospin of the two-pion final state. Our result for $A_2$ implies that the electroweak penguin contribution to $\\epsilon^\\prime/\\epsilon$ is Re($\\epsilon^\\prime/\\epsilon)_\\textrm{EWP}=-(6.6\\pm 1.0)\\times 10^{-4}$.

T. Blum; P. A. Boyle; N. H. Christ; J. Frison; N. Garron; T. Janowski; C. Jung; C. Kelly; C. Lehner; A. Lytle; R. D. Mawhinney; C. T. Sachrajda; A. Soni; H. Yin; D. Zhang

2015-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Convergence of two-dimensional Fourier series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), then the two-dimensional Fourier series equivalent to f(x, y) is Co CO Co Co f(x, y) = L' L' A sin(nx) sin (my) + Z Z B sin(@x)cos(my) n=l m=1 n=l m=1 1 CG Co co + ? F, B sin(nx) + Z Z C cos (nx) sin(my) + ? Z C sin(my) 2 1 n, o n, m 2 I OIm Co Co OO... 1 + g P D cos(nx)cos(my)+ ? Z D cos(nx) ? g D cos(my) n, m 2 1 n 0 2 o, m + ? D 1 4 o, o where A 1 n, m ? w B 1 n, m 2 w B 1 n, o 2 w C 1 n, m 2 w (w, w) f(x, y) sin (nx) sin(my) d(x, y) (-w, -w) (w, w) f(x, y) sin (nx) cos...

Kidd, Robert Henry, III

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

488

Observing CP Violation in Many-Body Decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is well known that observing CP violation in many-body decays could provide strong evidence for physics beyond the Standard Model. Many searches have been carried out; however, no 5sigma evidence for CP violation has yet been found in these types of decays. A novel model-independent method for observing CP violation in many-body decays is presented in this paper. It is shown that the sensitivity of this method is significantly larger than those used to-date.

Mike Williams

2011-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

489

T violation in radiative $\\beta$ decay and electric dipole moments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In radiative $\\beta$ decay, $T$ violation can be studied through a spin-independent $T$-odd correlation. We consider contributions to this correlation by beyond the standard model (BSM) sources of $T$-violation, arising above the electroweak scale. At the same time such sources, parametrized by dimension-6 operators, can induce electric dipole moments (EDMs). As a consequence, the manifestations of the $T$-odd BSM physics in radiative $\\beta$ decay and EDMs are not independent. Here we exploit this connection to show that current EDM bounds already strongly constrain the spin-independent $T$-odd correlation in radiative $\\beta$ decay.

Dekens, W G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Sensitivity Increases for the TITAN Decay Spectroscopy Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The TITAN facility at TRIUMF has recently initiated a program of performing decay spectroscopy measurements in an electron-beam ion-trap (EBIT). The unique environment of the EBIT provides backing-free storage of the radioactive ions, while guiding charged decay particles from the trap centre via the strong magnetic field. This measurement technique is able to provide a significant increase in detection sensitivity for photons which result from radioactive decay. A brief overview of this device is presented, along with methods of improving the signal-to-background ratio for photon detection by reducing Compton scattered events, and eliminating vibrational noise.

Leach, K G; Grossheim, A; Andreoiu, C; Dilling, J; Frekers, D; Good, M; Seeraji, S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Sensitivity Increases for the TITAN Decay Spectroscopy Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The TITAN facility at TRIUMF has recently initiated a program of performing decay spectroscopy measurements in an electron-beam ion-trap (EBIT). The unique environment of the EBIT provides backing-free storage of the radioactive ions, while guiding charged decay particles from the trap centre via the strong magnetic field. This measurement technique is able to provide a significant increase in detection sensitivity for photons which result from radioactive decay. A brief overview of this device is presented, along with methods of improving the signal-to-background ratio for photon detection by reducing Compton scattered events, and eliminating vibrational noise.

K. G. Leach; A. Lennarz; A. Grossheim; C. Andreoiu; J. Dilling; D. Frekers; M. Good; S. Seeraji

2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

492

Searches for new physics in top decays at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The search for new physics in top quark decays at the LHC is reviewed in this paper. Results from ATLAS and CMS experiments on top quark decays within the Standard Model are presented together with the measurements of the W boson polarizations and the study of the structure of the Wtb vertex. As a natural step forward, the experimental status on measurements sensitive to top quark couplings to gauge bosons (\\gamma, Z, W and H) is reviewed as well as possible top quark decays Beyond the Standard Model (MSSM and FCNC).

A. Onofre

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

493

Empirical Survey of Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Matrix Elements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrinoless double beta decay has been the subject of intensive theoretical work as it represents the only practical approach to discovering whether neutrinos are Majorana particles or not, and whether lepton number is a conserved quantum number. Available calculations of matrix elements and phase-space factors are reviewed from the perspective of a future large-scale experimental search for neutrinoless double beta decay. Somewhat unexpectedly, a uniform inverse correlation between phase space and the square of the nuclear matrix element emerges. As a consequence, no isotope is either favored or disfavored; all have qualitatively the same decay rate per unit mass for any given value of the Majorana mass.

R. G. H. Robertson

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

494

A Search for Invisible Decays of the Upsilon(1S)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We search for invisible decays of the {Upsilon}(1S) meson using a sample of 91.4 x 10{sup 6} {Upsilon}(3S) mesons collected at the BABAR/PEP-II B Factory. We select events containing the decay {Upsilon}(3S) {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} {Upsilon}(1S) and search for evidence of an undetectable {Upsilon}(1S) decay recoiling against the dipion system. We set an upper limit on the branching fraction {Beta}({Upsilon}(1S) {yields} invisible) < 3.0 x 10{sup ?4} at the 90% confidence level.

Aubert, B.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G. /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

2009-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

495

A Search for Invisible Decays of the Upsilon(1S)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We search for invisible decays of the Upsilon(1S) meson using a sample of 91.4 x 10^{6} Upsilon(3S) mesons collected at the BaBar/PEP-II B-factory. We select events containing the decay Upsilon(3S) -> pi+ pi- Upsilon(1S) and search for evidence of an undetectable Upsilon(1S) decay recoiling against the dipion system. We set an upper limit on the branching fraction BR(Upsilon(1S) -> invisible) < 3.0 x 10^{-4} at the 90% confidence level.

The BABAR Collaboration; B. Aubert

2009-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

496

HOLMES - The Electron Capture Decay of 163Ho to Measure the Electron Neutrino Mass with sub-eV sensitivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The European Research Council has recently funded HOLMES, a new experiment to directly measure the neutrino mass. HOLMES will perform a calorimetric measurement of the energy released in the decay of 163Ho. The calorimetric measurement eliminates systematic uncertainties arising from the use of external beta sources, as in experiments with beta spectrometers. This measurement was proposed in 1982 by A. De Rujula and M. Lusignoli, but only recently the detector technological progress allowed to design a sensitive experiment. HOLMES will deploy a large array of low temperature microcalorimeters with implanted 163Ho nuclei. The resulting mass sensitivity will be as low as 0.4 eV. HOLMES will be an important step forward in the direct neutrino mass measurement with a calorimetric approach as an alternative to spectrometry. It will also establish the potential of this approach to extend the sensitivity down to 0.1 eV. We outline here the project with its technical challenges and perspectives.

B. Alpert; M. Balata; D. Bennett; M. Biasotti; C. Boragno; C. Brofferio; V. Ceriale; D. Corsini; M. De Gerone; R. Dressler; M. Faverzani; E. Ferri; J. Fowler; F. Gatti; A. Giachero; J. Hays-Wehle; S. Heinitz; G. Hilton; U. Koester; M. Lusignoli; M. Maino; J. Mates; S. Nisi; R. Nizzolo; A. Nucciotti; G. Pessina; G. Pizzigoni; A. Puiu; S. Ragazzi; C. Reintsema; M. Ribeiro Gomes; D. Schmidt; D. Schumann; M. Sisti; D. Swetz; F. Terranova; J. Ullom

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

497

HOLMES - The Electron Capture Decay of 163Ho to Measure the Electron Neutrino Mass with sub-eV sensitivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The European Research Council has recently funded HOLMES, a new experiment to directly measure the neutrino mass. HOLMES will perform a calorimetric measurement of the energy released in the decay of 163Ho. The calorimetric measurement eliminates systematic uncertainties arising from the use of external beta sources, as in experiments with beta spectrometers. This measurement was proposed in 1982 by A. De Rujula and M. Lusignoli, but only recently the detector technological progress allowed to design a sensitive experiment. HOLMES will deploy a large array of low temperature microcalorimeters with implanted 163Ho nuclei. The resulting mass sensitivity will be as low as 0.4 eV. HOLMES will be an important step forward in the direct neutrino mass measurement with a calorimetric approach as an alternative to spectrometry. It will also establish the potential of this approach to extend the sensitivity down to 0.1 eV. We outline here the project with its technical challenges and perspectives.

Alpert, B; Bennett, D; Biasotti, M; Boragno, C; Brofferio, C; Ceriale, V; Corsini, D; De Gerone, M; Dressler, R; Faverzani, M; Ferri, E; Fowler, J; Gatti, F; Giachero, A; Hays-Wehle, J; Heinitz, S; Hilton, G; Koester, U; Lusignoli, M; Maino, M; Mates, J; Nisi, S; Nizzolo, R; Nucciotti, A; Pessina, G; Pizzigoni, G; Puiu, A; Ragazzi, S; Reintsema, C; Gomes, M Ribeiro; Schmidt, D; Schumann, D; Sisti, M; Swetz, D; Terranova, F; Ullom, J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

A Model Independent Analysis of the Rare $B$ Decay $B\\rightarrow X_{s}l^{+}l^{-}$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The most general model-independent analysis of the rare $B$ decay, $\\Bsll$, is presented. There are ten independent local four-Fermi interactions which may contribute to this process. The branching ratio, the forward-backward asymmetry, and the double differential rate are written as functions of the Wilson coefficients of the ten operators. We also study the correlation between the branching ratio and the forward-backward asymmetry by changing each coefficient. This procedure tells us which types of operator contribute to the process, and it will be very useful to pin down new physics systematically, once we have the experimental data with high statistics and the deviation from the Standard Model is found.

Fukae, S; Morozumi, T; Yoshikawa, T

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Two surface plasmon decay of plasma oscillations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interaction of ultra-intense lasers with solid foils can be used to accelerate ions to high energies well exceeding 60 MeV. The non-linear relativistic motion of electrons in the intense laser radiation leads to their acceleration and later to the acceleration of ions. Ions can be accelerated from the front surface, the foil interior region, and the foil rear surface (TNSA, most widely used), or the foil may be accelerated as a whole if sufficiently thin (RPA). Here, we focus on the most widely used mechanism for laser ion-acceleration of TNSA. Starting from perfectly flat foils we show by simulations how electron filamentation at or inside the solid leads to a spatial modulations in the ions. The exact dynamics depend very sensitively on the chosen initial parameters which has a tremendous effect on electron dynamics. In the case of step-like density gradients we find evidence that suggests a two-surface-plasmon decay of plasma oscillations triggering a Raileigh-Taylor-like instability.

Kluge, Thomas; Zeil, Karl; Bussmann, Michael; Schramm, Ulrich; Cowan, Thomas E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Charm semileptonic decays from E791  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the results of a measurement of the form factor ratios r{sub V}=V(0)/A{sub 1}(0), r{sub 2}=A{sub 2}(0)/A{sub 1}(0) and r{sub 3}=A{sub 3}(0)/A{sub 1}(0) in the decays D{sup +}{r_arrow}{bar K}{sup {asterisk}0}scr(l){sup +}{nu}{sub scr(l)}, with {bar K}{sup {asterisk}0}{r_arrow}K{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}, and D{sub s}{sup +}{r_arrow}{phi}scr(l){sup +}{nu}{sub scr(l)}, with {phi}{r_arrow}K{sup {minus}}K{sup +}, using data from charm hadroproduction experiment E791 at Fermilab. We also report the results of an E791 measurement of the branching fraction B(D{sup +}{r_arrow}{rho}{sup 0}scr(l){sup +}{nu}{sub scr(l)})/B(D{sup +}{r_arrow}{bar K}{sup {asterisk}0}scr(l){sup +}{nu}{sub scr(l)}). {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Fermilab E791 Collaboration

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z