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1

Reheating induced by competing decay modes  

SciTech Connect

We address the problem of studying the decay of the inflaton field {phi} to another scalar field {chi} through parametric resonance in the case of a coupling that involves several decay modes. This amounts to the presence of extra harmonic terms in the perturbation of the {chi} field dynamics. For the case of two frequencies we compute the geometry of the resonance regions, which is significantly altered due to the presence of noncuspidal resonance regions associated to higher harmonics and to the emergence of instability 'pockets'. We discuss the effect of this change in the efficiency of the energy transfer process for the simplest case of a coupling given by a combination of the two interaction terms of homogeneous degree usually considered in the literature. We find that the presence of higher harmonics has limited cosmological implications.

Charters, T. [Departamento de Engenharia Mecanica/Area Cientifica de Matematica, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, Rua Conselheiro Emidio Navarro, 1, P-1949-014 Lisbon, Portugal and Centro de Fisica Teorica e Computacional da Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, P-1649-003 Lisbon (Portugal); Nunes, A.; Mimoso, J. P. [Departamento de Fisica, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade de Lisboa, Centro de Fisica Teorica e Computacional da Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, P-1649-003 Lisbon (Portugal)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

Atomic nuclei decay modes by spontaneous emission of heavy ions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The great majority of the known nuclides with Z>40, including the so-called stable nuclides, are metastable with respect to several modes of spontaneous superasymmetric splitting. A model extended from the fission theory of alpha decay allows one to estimate the lifetimes and the branching ratios relative to the alpha decay for these natural radioactivities. From a huge amount of systematic calculations it is concluded that the process should proceed with maximum intensity in the trans-lead nuclei, where the minimum lifetime is obtained from parent-emitted heavy ion combinations leading to a magic (/sup 208/Pb) or almost magic daughter nucleus. More than 140 nuclides with atomic number smaller than 25 are possible candidates to be emitted from heavy nuclei, with half-lives in the range of 10/sup 10/--10/sup 30/ s: /sup 5/He, /sup 8en-dash10/Be, /sup 11,12/B, /sup 12en-dash16/C, /sup 13en-dash17/N, /sup 15en-dash22/O, /sup 18en-dash23/F, /sup 20en-dash26/Ne, /sup 23en-dash28/Na, /sup 23en-dash30/Mg, /sup 27en-dash32/Al, /sup 28en-dash36/Si, /sup 31en-dash39/P, /sup 32en-dash42/S, /sup 35en-dash45/Cl, /sup 37en-dash47/Ar, /sup 40en-dash49/ K, . .Ca, /sup 44en-dash53/ Sc, /sup 46en-dash53/Ti, /sup 48en-dash54/V, and /sup 49en-dash55/ Cr. The shell structure and the pairing effects are clearly manifested in these new decay modes.

Poenaru, D.N.; Ivascu, M.; Sndulescu, A.; Greiner, W.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Spin light mode of massive neutrino radiative decay in matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the exact solutions for the Dirac neutrino wave function in presence of matter we study the spin light mode in the process of neutrino transition from initial heavier to final lighter state. The spin light is emitted due to the neutrino nonzero transitional magnetic moment.

Alexander Grigoriev; Alexey Lokhov; Alexander Studenikin

2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

4

Decay modes of $^{10}$C nuclei unbound state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unbound states of $^{10}$C nuclei produced as quasi-projectiles in $^{12}$C+$^{24}$Mg collisions at E/A = 53 and 95 MeV are studied with the Indra detector array. Multi-particle correlation function analyses provide experimental evidence of sequential de-excitation mechanisms through the production of intermediate $^{9}$B, $^{6}$Be and $^{8}$Be unbound nuclei. The relative contributions of different decay sequences to the total decay width of the explored states is estimated semi-quantitatively. The obtained results show that heavy-ion collisions can be used as a tool to access spectroscopic information about exotic nuclei.

F. Grenier; A. Chbihi; R. Roy; G. Verde; D. Thériault; J. D. Frankland; J. P. Wieleczko; B. Borderie; R. Bougault; R. Dayras; E. Galichet; D. Guinet; P. Lautesse; N. Le Neindre; O. Lopez; J. Moisan; L. Nalpas; M. Pârlog; M. F. Rivet; E. Rosato; B. Tamain; E. Vient; M. Vigilante

2007-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

5

VII. Nuclear Chemistry (Chapter 17) A. Modes of radioactive decay, nuclear reactions, fission, fusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

40 VII. Nuclear Chemistry (Chapter 17) A. Modes of radioactive decay, nuclear reactions, fission #12;41 These masses are not exactly integer multiples due to nuclear interactions between the protons differences via the famous formula E = mc2 . Nuclear Fusion! For example, if you combine 2 protons and two

6

Experimental study of double-{beta} decay modes using a CdZnTe detector array  

SciTech Connect

An array of sixteen 1 cm{sup 3} CdZnTe semiconductor detectors was operated at the Gran Sasso Underground Laboratory (LNGS) to further investigate the feasibility of double-{beta} decay searches with such devices. As one of the double-{beta} decay experiments with the highest granularity the 4x4 array accumulated an overall exposure of 18 kg days. The setup and performance of the array is described. Half-life limits for various double-{beta} decay modes of Cd, Zn, and Te isotopes are obtained. No signal has been found, but several limits beyond 10{sup 20} years have been performed. They are an order of magnitude better than those obtained with this technology before and comparable to most other experimental approaches for the isotopes under investigation. An improved limit for the {beta}{sup +}/EC decay of {sup 120}Te is given.

Dawson, J. V. [Laboratoire Astroparticule et Cosmologie, 10 rue Alice Domon et Leonie Duquet, F-75205 Paris (France); Goessling, C.; Koettig, T.; Muenstermann, D.; Rajek, S.; Schulz, O. [Lehrstuhl fuer Experimentelle Physik IV, Technische Universitaet Dortmund, Otto-Hahn Str. 4, D-44227 Dortmund (Germany); Janutta, B.; Zuber, K. [Institut fuer Kern- und Teilchenphysik, Technische Universitaet Dresden, Zellescher Weg 19, D-01069 Dresden (Germany); Junker, M. [Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Assergi (Italy); Reeve, C. [University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QH (United Kingdom); Wilson, J. R. [University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom)

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

A Search for the Decay Modes B +/- to h +/- tau l  

SciTech Connect

We present a search for the lepton flavor violating decay modes B{sup {+-}} {yields} h{sup {+-}} {tau}{ell} (h = K, {pi}; {ell} = e, {mu}) using the BABAR data sample, which corresponds to 472 million B{bar B} pairs. The search uses events where one B meson is fully reconstructed in one of several hadronic final states. Using the momenta of the reconstructed B, h, and {ell} candidates, we are able to fully determine the {tau} four-momentum. The resulting {tau} candidate mass is our main discriminant against combinatorial background. We see no evidence for B{sup {+-}} {yields} h{sup {+-}} {tau}{ell} decays and set a 90% confidence level upper limit on each branching fraction at the level of a few times 10{sup -5}.

Lees, J.P.

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

8

Unusual decay modes of D sup 0 and D sup + mesons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CLEO has measured decay modes of the {ital D}{sup 0} and {ital D}{sup +} into final states consisting of {ital K}{sup {plus minus}}'s, {pi}{sup {plus minus}}'s, {ital K}{sup 0}'s and {ital {bar K}}{sup 0}'s, using data taken with the CLEO detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. We report new results on the decays of {ital D}{sup 0}'s into 4{pi}{sup {plus minus}},{ital K}{sup {minus}}{ital K+}{pi}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +},{ital {bar K}}{sup 0}{ital K+}{ital K{minus}},{ital {bar K}}{sup 0} {ital K+}{pi}{sup {minus}},{ital K}{sup 0}{ital K{minus}}{pi}{sup +},3{ital K}{sub {ital S}}{sup 0} and {ital {bar K}}{sup 0}{phi} together with some of their resonant substructure. We also present the first observation of the decay {ital D}{sup +}{r arrow}{ital {bar K}}{sup 0}{ital {bar K}0}{ital K+} and give limits on the doubly-Cabibbo-suppressed decays of the {ital D}{sup 0} into {ital K}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}} and {ital K}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}}.

Ammar, R.; Baringer, P.; Coppage, D.; Davis, R.; Haas, P.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, N.; Lam, H.; Ro, S.; Kubota, Y.; Nelson, J.K.; Perticone, D.; Poling, R.; Schrenk, S.; Crawford, G.; Fulton, R.; Jensen, T.; Johnson, D.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Malchow, R.; Morrow, F.; Whitmore, J.; Wilson, P.; Bortoletto, D.; Brown, D.N.; Dominick, J.; McIlwain, R.L.; Miller, D.H.; Modesitt, M.; Ng, C.R.; Schaffner, S.F.; Shibata, E.I.; Shipsey, I.P.J.; Battle, M.; Kroha, H.; Sparks, K.; Thorndike, E.H.; Wang, C.; Alam, M.S.; Kim, I.J.; Li, W.C.; Nemati, B.; Romero, V.; Sun, C.R.; Wang, P.; Zoeller, M.M.; Goldberg, M.; Haupt, T.; Horwitz, N.; Jain, V.; Kennett, R.; Mestayer, M.D.; Moneti, G.C.; Rozen, Y.; Rubin, P.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stone, S.; Thusalidas, M.; Yao, W.; Zhu, G.; Barnes, A.V.; Bartelt, J.; Csorna, S.E.; Letson, T.; Alexander, J.; Artuso, M.; Bebek, C.; Berkelman, K.; Besson, D.; Browder, T.E.; Cassel, D.G.; Cheu, E.; Coffman, D.M.; Drell, P.S.; Ehrlich, R.; Galik, R.S.; Garcia-Sciveres, M.; Geiser,; (CLEO Collaboration)

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Mode trap  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This report discusses a mode trap to trap and absorb transverse modes formed by a beam in a linear accelerator includes a waveguide having a multiplicity of electrically conductive (preferably copper) irises and rings, each iris and ring including an aperture, and the irises and rings being stacked in a side-by-side, alternating fashion such that the apertures of the irises and rings are concentrically aligned. An absorbing material layer such as a dielectric is embedded in each iris and ring, and this absorbing material layer encircles, but is circumferentially spaced from its respective aperture. Each iris and ring includes a plurality of circumferentially spaced slots around it`s aperture and extending radially out toward it`s absorbing material layer.

Chojnacki, E.P.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

10

Discovery Potential of the Standard Model Higgs Boson Through H -> WW Decay Mode with the ATLAS Detector at LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report results of a study of the Standard Model Higgs boson discovery potential through the W-pair leptonic decay modes with the ATLAS detector at LHC at 14 TeV center-of-mass energy. We used MC samples with full detector simulation and reconstruction of the ATLAS experiment to estimate the ATLAS detection sensitivity for the reaction of pp -> H -> WW -> e\

Hai-Jun Yang; for the ATLAS Collaboration

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Cluster Compatibility Mode  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cluster Compatibility Mode Cluster Compatibility Mode Edison compute nodes run a stripped down Linux operating system called Compute Node Linux (CNL). Some standard Linux services,...

12

Search for the Standard Model Higgs boson in the decay mode H-> WW-> lnulnu  

SciTech Connect

The question of the nature and principles of the universe and our place in it is the driving force of science since Mesopotamian astronomers glanced for the first time at the starry sky and Greek atomism has been formulated. During the last hundred years modern science was able to extend its knowledge tremendously, answering many questions, opening entirely new fields but as well raising many new questions. Particularly Astronomy, Astroparticle Physics and Particle Physics lead the race to answer these fundamental and ancient questions experimentally. Today it is known that matter consists of fermions, the quarks and leptons. Four fundamental forces are acting between these particles, the electromagnetic, the strong, the weak and the gravitational force. These forces are mediated by particles called bosons. Our confirmed knowledge of particle physics is based on these particles and the theory describing their dynamics, the Standard Model of Particles. Many experimental measurements show an excellent agreement between observation and theory but the origin of the particle masses and therefore the electroweak symmetry breaking remains unexplained. The mechanism proposed to solve this issue involves the introduction of a complex doublet of scalar fields which generates the masses of elementary particles via their mutual interactions. This Higgs mechanism also gives rise to a single neutral scalar boson with an unpredicted mass, the Higgs boson. During the last twenty years several experiments have searched for the Higgs boson but so far it escaped direct observation. Nevertheless these studies allow to further constrain its mass range. The last experimental limits on the Higgs mass have been set in 2001 at the LEP collider, an electron positron machine close to Geneva, Switzerland. The lower limit set on the Higgs boson mass is m{sub H} > 114.4 GeV/c{sup 2} and remained for many years the last experimental constraint on the Standard Model Higgs Boson due to the shutdown of the LEP collider and the experimental challenges at hadron machines as the Tevatron. This thesis was performed using data from the D0 detector located at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, IL. Final states containing two electrons or a muon and a tau in combination with missing transverse energy were studied to search for the Standard Model Higgs boson, utilizing up to 4.2 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity. In 2008 the CDF and D0 experiments in a combined effort were able to reach for the first time at a hadron collider the sensitivity to further constrain the possible Standard Model Higgs boson mass range. The research conducted for this thesis played a pivotal role in this effort. Improved methods for lepton identification, background separation, assessment of systematic uncertainties and new decay channels have been studied, developed and utilized. Along with similar efforts at the CDF experiment these improvements led finally the important result of excluding the presence of a Standard Model Higgs boson in a mass range of m{sub H} = 160-170 GeV/c{sup 2} at 95% Confidence Level. Many of the challenges and methods found in the present analysis will probably in a similar way be ingredients of a Higgs boson evidence or discovery in the near future, either at the Tevatron or more likely at the soon starting Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Continuing to pursue the Higgs boson we are looking forward to many exciting results at the Tevatron and soon at the LHC. In Chapter 2 an introduction to the Standard Model of particle physics and the Higgs mechanism is given, followed by a brief outline of existing theoretical and experimental constraints on the Higgs boson mass before summarizing the Higgs boson production modes. Chapter 3 gives an overview of the experimental setup. This is followed by a description of the reconstruction of the objects produced in proton-antiproton collisions in Chapter 4 and the necessary calorimeter calibrations in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 follows with an explanation of the phenomenology of the proton-antiproton colli

Penning, B.; /Freiburg U.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

The {beta}-Decay Properties of Scissors Mode 1{sup +} States in {sup 164}Er  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The beta decay properties of collective I{sup {pi}}K = 1{sup +}1 states in doubly even deformed {sup 164}Er nuclei are investigated in the framework of the rotational invariant random-phase approximation. It is shown that an essential decrease of the rate of the allowed {beta}-decay to the excited 1{sup +}-states as compared with that to the ground state may be due to the orbital nature of the states. The model Hamiltonian includes restoring rotational invariance of the deformed single particle Hamiltonian forces and the spin-spin interactions. The analytical expressions for the Gamov-Teller (G-T) and Fermi (F) decay matrix elements are derived. The single-particle energies were obtained from the Warsaw deformed Woods-Saxon potential with deformation parameter {delta}{sub 2} = 0.24. The numerical results for {beta}{sup +} transition from {sup 164}Tm to {sup 164}Er indicate the importance of using rotational invariant Hamiltonian to explain experimental data.

Yildirim, Z.; Kuliev, A.; Ozkan, S. [Sakarya University, Department of Physics, 54100, Sakarya (Turkey); Guliyev, E. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences, H. Cavid Avenue 33, Baku (Azerbaijan); Institut fur Kernphysik, Technische Universitat Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany)

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

14

OpenEI - mode  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

http:en.openei.orgdatasetstaxonomyterm3930 en Transportation Sector Energy Use by Fuel Type Within a Mode from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release http:en.openei.orgdatasetsnode...

15

The electron geodesic acoustic mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this report, a novel new mode, named the electron geodesic acoustic mode, is presented. This mode can occur in toroidal plasmas like the conventional geodesic acoustic mode (GAM). The frequency of this new mode is much larger than that of the conventional GAM by a factor equal to the square root of the ion to electron mass ratio.

Chakrabarti, N. [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Calcutta 700 064 (India); Guzdar, P. N. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Kaw, P. K. [Institute for Plasma Research Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

16

mode | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

mode mode Dataset Summary Description Supplemental Table 46 of EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Source EIA Date Released December 08th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords AEO Annual Energy Outlook EIA Energy Information Administration Fuel mode TEF transportation Transportation Energy Futures Data text/csv icon Transportation_Sector_Energy_Use_by_Fuel_Type_Within_a_Mode.csv (csv, 144.3 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote

17

Gear Tooth Failure Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Basic failure modes of gear teeth...Rolling Bruising Peening Brinelling Rippling (fish scaling) Ridging Bending (yielding) Tip-to-root interference Bending fatigue Low-cycle

18

Discovery Potential of the Standard Model Higgs Boson Through $H\\to WW$ Decay Mode with the ATLAS Detector at LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report results of a study of the Standard Model Higgs boson discovery potential through the W-pair leptonic decay modes with the ATLAS detector at LHC at 14 TeV center-of-mass energy. We used MC samples with full detector simulation and reconstruction of the ATLAS experiment to estimate the ATLAS detection sensitivity for the reaction of pp -> H -> WW -> e\

Yang, Hai-Jun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Storage Ring Operation Modes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Longitudinal bunch profile and Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Longitudinal bunch profile and Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Source Parameter Table Storage Ring Operation Modes Standard Operating Mode, top-up Fill pattern: 102 mA in 24 singlets (single bunches) with a nominal current of 4.25 mA and a spacing of 153 nanoseconds between singlets. Lattice configuration: Low emittance lattice with effective emittance of 3.1 nm-rad and coupling of 1%. Bunch length (rms): 33.5 ps. Refill schedule: Continuous top-up with single injection pulses occurring at a minimum of two minute intervals, or a multiple of two minute intervals. Special Operating Mode - 324 bunches, non top-up Fill pattern: 102 mA in 324 uniformly spaced singlets with a nominal single bunch current of 0.31 mA and a spacing of 11.37 nanoseconds between singlets.

20

First observation of the Bs->K+K- decay mode, and measurement of the B0 and Bs mesons decay-rates into two-body charmless final states at CDF  

SciTech Connect

The authors searched for decays of the type B{sub (s)}{sup 0} {yields} h{sup +}h{prime}{sup -} (where h, h{prime} = K or {pi}) in a sample corresponding to 180 pb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV, collected by the upgraded Collider Detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. A total signal of approximately 900 events was reconstructed, and the relative branching fractions ({Beta}) of each decay mode were determined with a likelihood fit.

Tonelli, Diego; /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Dual-Mode Hybrid/Two-Mode Hybrid Accomplishment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dual-Mode Hybrid/Two-Mode Hybrid Accomplishment Dual-Mode Hybrid/Two-Mode Hybrid Accomplishment DOE-funded research, in collaboration with Allison Buses and General Motors Corporation has led to the commercialization of a dramatically different hybrid transmission system for heavy-duty and light-duty applications. The Dual-Mode or Two-Mode hybrid system is an infinitely variable speed hybrid transmission that works with the engine and battery system and automatically chooses to operate in a parallel or series hybrid path to maximize efficiency and minimize emissions, fuel consumption and noise. Parallel and Series hybrid configurations are found on most hybrid vehicles today, both with their own pluses and minuses. The Dual- Mode/Two-Mode systems uses the positive characteristics from both systems to maximize fuel

22

Power Spectrum Analysis of LMSU (Lomonosov Moscow State University) Nuclear Decay-Rate Data: Further Indication of r-Mode Oscillations in an Inner Solar Tachocline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article presents a power-spectrum analysis of 2,350 measurements of the $^{90}$Sr/$^{90}$Y decay process acquired over the interval 4 August 2002 to 6 February 2009 at the Lomonosov Moscow State University (LMSU). As we have found for other long sequences of decay measurements, the power spectrum is dominated by a very strong annual oscillation. However, we also find a set of low-frequency peaks, ranging from 0.26 year$^{-1}$ to 3.98 year$^{-1}$, which are very similar to an array of peaks in a power spectrum formed from Mt Wilson solar diameter measurements. The Mt Wilson measurements have been interpreted in terms of r-mode oscillations in a region where the sidereal rotation frequency is 12.08 year$^{-1}$. We find that the LMSU measurements may also be attributed to the same type of r-mode oscillations in a solar region with the same sidereal rotation frequency. We propose that these oscillations occur in an inner tachocline that separates the radiative zone from a more slowly rotating solar core.

Peter A. Sturrock; Alexander G. Parkhomov; Ephraim Fischbach; Jere H. Jenkins

2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

23

Electron geodesic acoustic modes in electron temperature gradient mode turbulence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, the first demonstration of an electron branch of the geodesic acoustic mode (el-GAM) driven by electron temperature gradient (ETG) modes is presented. The work is based on a fluid description of the ETG mode retaining non-adiabatic ions and the dispersion relation for el-GAMs driven nonlinearly by ETG modes is derived. A new saturation mechanism for ETG turbulence through the interaction with el-GAMs is found, resulting in a significantly enhanced ETG turbulence saturation level compared to the mixing length estimate.

Anderson, Johan; Nordman, Hans [Department of Earth and Space Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden); Singh, Raghvendra; Kaw, Predhiman [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

24

Combination of Tevatron searches for the standard model Higgs boson in the W+W- decay mode  

SciTech Connect

We combine searches by the CDF and D0 collaborations for a Higgs boson decaying to W{sup +}W{sup -}. The data correspond to an integrated total luminosity of 4.8 (CDF) and 5.4 (D0) fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. No excess is observed above background expectation, and resulting limits on Higgs boson production exclude a standard-model Higgs boson in the mass range 162-166 GeV at the 95% C.L.

Aaltonen, T.; Abazov, V.M.; Gregores, E.M.; Mercadante, P.G.; /ABC Federal U.; Hebbeker, T.; Kirsch, M.; Meyer, A.; Sonnenschein, L.; /Aachen, Tech. Hochsch.; Avila, C.; Gomez, B.; Mendoza, L.; /Andes U., Bogota /Argonne /Arizona U. /Athens U. /Barcelona, IFAE /Baylor U. /Bonn U. /Boston U. /Brandeis U.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Mode Competition in Dual-Mode Quantum Dots Semiconductor Microlaser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the modeling of quantum dots lasers with the aim of assessing the conditions for stable cw dual-mode operation when the mode separation lies in the THz range. Several possible models suited for InAs quantum dots in InP barriers are analytically evaluated, in particular quantum dots electrically coupled through a direct exchange of excitation by the wetting layer or quantum dots optically coupled through the homogeneous broadening of their optical gain. A stable dual-mode regime is shown possible in all cases when quantum dots are used as active layer whereas a gain medium of quantum well or bulk type inevitably leads to bistable behavior. The choice of a quantum dots gain medium perfectly matched the production of dual-mode lasers devoted to THz generation by photomixing.

Chusseau, Laurent; Viktorovitch, P; Letartre, Xavier

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Occupant satisfaction in mixed-mode buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Quality in Green Buildings”. Indoor Air; 14 (Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings, Summary Report, CenterCBE). 2006. Website: Mixed-Mode Building Case Studies.

Brager, Gail; Baker, Lindsay

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Occupant satisfaction in mixed-mode buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings, Summary Report, CenterCBE). 2006. Website: Mixed-Mode Building Case Studies.Department of Environmental Building Research Establishment

Brager, Gail; Baker, Lindsay

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Mixed-Mode Ventilation and Building Retrofits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

November 1994, ENTPE, Lyon. [CIBSE] Chartered Institution ofMixed-mode ventilation. CIBSE Applications Manual AM13.incorporated by the design. CIBSE, 2000 Mixed-mode

Brager, Gail; Ackerly, Katie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Mode conversion studies in TFTR  

SciTech Connect

Mode converted Ion Bernstein Waves (IBW) have important potential applications in tokamak reactors. These applications include on or off axis electron heating and current drive and the channeling of alpha particle power for both current drive and increased reactivity. Efficient mode conversion electron heating with a low field side antenna, with both on and off axis power deposition, has been demonstrated for the first time in TFTR in D{sup 3}He-{sup 4}He plasmas. Up to 80% of the Ion Cyclotron Range of Frequency (ICRF) power is coupled to electrons at the mode conversion surface. Experiments during deuterium and tritium neutral beam injection (NBI) indicate that good mode conversion efficiency can be maintained during NBI if sufficient {sup 3}He is present. No evidence of strong alpha particle heating by the IBW is seen. Recent modeling indicates that if the mode converted IBW is preferentially excited off the horizontal midplane then the resultant high poloidal mode number wave may channel alpha particle power to either electrons or ions. In TFTR both the propagation of the IBW and its effect on the alpha particle population is being investigated. Experiments with 2 MW of ICRF power launched with {+-} 90{degree} antenna phasing for current drive show that electron heating and sawtooth activity depend strongly on the direction of the launched wave. The noninductively driven current could not be experimentally determined in these relatively high plasma current, short pulse discharges. Experiments at higher RF power and lower plasma current are planned to determine on and off axis current drive efficiency.

Majeski, R.; Fisch, N.J.; Adler, H.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Quasi-Nambu-Goldstone Modes in Bose-Einstein Condensates  

SciTech Connect

We show that quasi-Nambu-Goldstone (NG) modes, which play prominent roles in high energy physics but have been elusive experimentally, can be realized with atomic Bose-Einstein condensates. The quasi-NG modes emerge when the symmetry of a ground state is larger than that of the Hamiltonian. When they appear, the conventional vacuum manifold should be enlarged. Consequently, topological defects that are stable within the conventional vacuum manifold become unstable and decay by emitting the quasi-NG modes. Contrary to conventional wisdom, however, we show that the topological defects are stabilized by quantum fluctuations that make the quasi-NG modes massive, thereby suppressing their emission.

Uchino, Shun [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Kobayashi, Michikazu [Department of Basic Science, University of Tokyo, 3-8-1 Komaba, Tokyo 153-8902 (Japan); Nitta, Muneto [Department of Physics, and Research and Education Center for Natural Sciences, Keio University, 4-1-1 Hiyoshi, Kanagawa 223-8521 (Japan); Ueda, Masahito [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); ERATO Macroscopic Quantum Project, JST, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

31

Filtering of Gravity Modes in Atmospheric Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of gravity modes in atmospheric model predictions is assessed quantitatively by comparing integrations with a normal mode initialized primitive equation model and its corresponding pseudogeostrophic form to document some generally ...

F. Baer; J. J. Tribbia

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Waveguide mode converter and method using same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A waveguide mode converter converts electromagnetic power being transmitted in a TE.sub.0n or a TM.sub.0n mode, where n is an integer, to an HE.sub.11 mode. The conversion process occurs in a single stage without requiring the power to pass through any intermediate modes. The converter comprises a length of circular corrugated waveguide formed in a multiperiod periodic curve. The period of the curve is selected to couple the desired modes and decouple undesired modes. The corrugation depth is selected to control the phase propagation constant, or wavenumbers, of the input and output modes, thereby preventing coherent coupling to competing modes. In one embodiment, both the period and amplitude of the curve may be selectively adjusted, thereby allowing the converter to be tuned to maximize the conversion efficiency.

Moeller, Charles P. (Del Mar, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

New Modes of Nuclear Excitations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a theoretical approach based on density functional theory supplemented by a microscopic multi-phonon model which is applied for investigations of pygmy resonances and other excitations of different multipolarities in stable and exotic nuclei. The possible relation of low-energy modes to the properties of neutron or proton skins is systematically studied in isotonic and isotopic chains. The fine structure of nuclear electric and magnetic response functions is analyzed and compared to experimental data. Their relevance to nuclear astrophysics is discussed.

Nadia Tsoneva; Horst Lenske

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

34

Mirror Modes in the Heliosheath  

SciTech Connect

Mirror mode (MM) structures are identified in the Voyager 1 heliosheath magnetic field data. Their characteristics are: (1) quasiperiodic structures with a typical scale size of {approx}57 {rho}{sub p}(proton gyroradii), (2) little or no angular changes across the structures ({approx}3 deg. longitude and {approx}3 deg. latitude), and (3) a lack of sharp boundaries at the magnetic dip edges. It is proposed that the pickup of interstellar neutrals in the upstream region of the termination shock (TS) is the likely cause of MM instability during intervals when the IMF is nearly orthogonal to the solar wind flow direction. Concomitant (quasiperpendicular) shock compression of the MM structures at the TS and additional injection of pickup ions (PUIs) throughout the heliosheath will enhance MM growth.

Tsurutani, B. T. [Jet Propulsion Lab., Calif. Inst. Tech., Pasadena, CA (United States); Guarnieri, F. L. [UNIVAP, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil); Echer, E. E. [INPE, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil); Lakhina, G. S. [Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Navi Mumbai (India); Verkhoglyadova, O. P. [CSPAR, Univ. Alabama, Huntsville, AL (United States)

2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

35

Representation of Ideal Magnetohydrodynamic Modes  

SciTech Connect

One of the most fundamental properties of ideal magnetohydrodynamics is the condition that plasma motion cannot change magnetic topology. The conventional representation of ideal magnetohydrodynamic modes by perturbing a toroidal equilibrium field through ? ? = ? X (xi X B) ensures that ? B • ? ? = 0 at a resonance, with ? labelling an equilibrium flux surface. Also useful for the analysis of guiding center orbits in a perturbed field is the representation ? ? = ? X ?B. These two representations are equivalent, but the vanishing of ? B • ?? at a resonance is necessary but not sufficient for the preservation of field line topology, and a indiscriminate use of either perturbation in fact destroys the original equilibrium flux topology. It is necessary to find the perturbed field to all orders in xi to conserve the original topology. The effect of using linearized perturbations on stability and growth rate calculations is discussed

Roscoe B. White

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

36

Hydrodynamic modes in a confined granular fluid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Confined granular fluids, placed in a shallow box that is vibrated vertically, can achieve homogeneous stationary states thanks to energy injection mechanisms that take place throughout the system. These states can be stable even at high densities and inelasticities allowing for a detailed analysis of the hydrodynamic modes that govern the dynamics of granular fluids. Analyzing the decay of the time correlation functions it is shown that there is a crossover between a quasielastic regime in which energy evolves as a slow mode, to a inelastic regime, with energy slaved to the other conserved fields. The two regimes have well differentiated transport properties and, in the inelastic regime, the dynamics can be described by a reduced hydrodynamics with modified longitudinal viscosity and sound speed. The crossover between the two regimes takes place at a wavevector that is proportional to the inelasticity. A two dimensional granular model, with collisions that mimic the energy transfers that take place in a confined system is studied by means of microscopic simulations. The results show excellent agreement with the theoretical framework and allows the validation of hydrodynamic-like models.

Ricardo Brito; Dino Risso; Rodrigo Soto

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

37

Collective Modes of Quantum Hall Stripes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The collective modes of striped phases in a quantum Hall system are computed using the time-dependent Hartree-Fock approximation. Uniform stripe phases are shown to be unstable to the formation of modulations along the stripes, so that within the Hartree-Fock approximation the groundstate is a stripe crystal. Such crystalline states are generically gapped at any finite wavevector; however, in the quantum Hall system the interactions of modulations among different stripes is found to be remarkably weak, leading to an infinite collection of collective modes with immeasurably small gaps. The resulting long wavelength behavior is derivable from an elastic theory for smectic liquid crystals. Collective modes for the phonon branch are computed throughout the Brillouin zone, as are spin wave and magnetoplasmon modes. A soft mode in the phonon spectrum is identified for partial filling factors sufficiently far from 1/2, indicating a second order phase transition. The modes contain several other signatures that should be experimentally

R. Côté; H. A. Fertig

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Normal Modes of Black Hole Accretion Disks  

SciTech Connect

This paper studies the hydrodynamical problem of normal modes of small adiabatic oscillations of relativistic barotropic thin accretion disks around black holes (and compact weakly magnetic neutron stars). Employing WKB techniques, we obtain the eigen frequencies and eigenfunctions of the modes for different values of the mass and angular momentum of the central black hole. We discuss the properties of the various types of modes and examine the role of viscosity, as it appears to render some of the modes unstable to rapid growth.

Ortega-Rodriguez, Manuel; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /Costa Rica U.; Silbergleit, Alexander S.; /Stanford U., HEPL; Wagoner, Robert V.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2006-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

39

Definition: Mode Meter | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

oscillatory mode information from ambient noise.1 References https:www.smartgrid.govcategorytechnologymodemeter Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to...

40

Analytic theory of stable resistive magnetohydrodynamic modes  

SciTech Connect

The spectrum of stable resistive magnetohydrodynamic modes is shown to be determined by the geometry of anti-Stokes lines. Behavior of the eigenfunctions is also examined.

Pao, Y.; Kerner, W.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Fission modes of mercury isotopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: Recent experiments on beta-delayed fission in the mercury-lead region and the discovery of asym- metric fission in 180 Hg [1] have stimulated theoretical interest in the mechanism of fission in heavy nuclei. Purpose: We study fission modes and fusion valleys in 180 Hg and 198 Hg to reveal the role of shell effects in pre-scission region and explain the experimentally observed fragment mass asymmetry and its variation with A. Methods: We use the self-consistent nuclear density functional theory employing Skyrme and Gogny energy density functionals. Results: The potential energy surfaces in multi-dimensional space of collective coordinates, including elongation, triaxiality, reflection-asymmetry, and necking, are calculated for 180 Hg and 198 Hg. The asymmetric fission valleys - well separated from fusion valleys associated with nearly spherical fragments - are found in in both cases. The density distributions at scission configurations are studied and related to the experimentally observed mass splits. Conclusions: The energy density functionals SkM\\ast and D1S give a very consistent description of the fission process in 180 Hg and 198 Hg. We predict a transition from asymmetric fission in 180 Hg towards more symmetric distribution of fission fragments in 198 Hg. For 180 Hg, both models yield 100 Ru/80 Kr as the most probable split. For 198 Hg, the most likely split is 108 Ru/90 Kr in HFB-D1S and 110 Ru/88 Kr in HFB-SkM\\ast.

M. Warda; A. Staszczak; W. Nazarewicz

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

42

Fission Modes of Mercury Isotopes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Background: Recent experiments on -delayed fission in the mercury-lead region and the discovery of asymmetric fission in 180Hg [A. N. Andreyev et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 252502 (2010)] have stimulated theoretical interest in the mechanism of fission in heavy nuclei. Purpose: We study fission modes and fusion valleys in 180Hg and 198Hg to reveal the role of shell effects in the prescission region and explain the experimentally observed fragment mass asymmetry and its variation with A. Methods: We use the self-consistent nuclear density functional theory employing Skyrme and Gogny energy density functionals. Results: The potential energy surfaces in multidimensional space of collective coordinates, including elongation, triaxiality, reflection-asymmetry, and necking, are calculated for 180Hg and 198Hg. The asymmetric fission valleys well separated from fusion valleys associated with nearly spherical fragments are found in both cases. The density distributions at scission configurations are studied and related to the experimentally observed mass splits. Conclusions: The energy density functionals SkM and D1S give a very consistent description of the fission process in 180Hg and 198Hg. We predict a transition from asymmetric fission in 180Hg toward a more symmetric distribution of fission fragments in 198Hg. For 180Hg, both models yield 100Ru/80Kr as the most probable split. For 198Hg, the most likely split is 108Ru/90Kr in HFB-D1S and 110Ru/88Kr in HFB-SkM .

Warda, M. [Maria Curie-Sk?odowska University-Poland; Staszczak, A. [Maria Curie-Sklodowska University; Nazarewicz, Witold [UTK/ORNL/University of Warsaw

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Running Modes in a Dataflow Language: Mode-Automata and their Implementation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper, modes are simply hierarchical and concurrent states like in Argos [Mar92]. In Modecharts, modes seem to be similar to the notion of task in Esterel, but they are not dealt with in the language itself; the mode structure of a reactive system may be described in Modecharts, but the behavior of the system in a particular mode is left to some host language that has no formal semantics.

Florence Maraninchi; Yann Rémond; Yannick Raoul; Yannick Raoul

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Mode suppression means for gyrotron cavities  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a gyrotron electron tube of the gyro-klystron or gyro-monotron type, having a cavity supporting an electromagnetic mode with circular electric field, spurious resonances can occur in modes having noncircular electric field. These spurious resonances are damped and their frequencies shifted by a circular groove in the cavity parallel to the electric field.

Chodorow, Marvin (Stanford, CA); Symons, Robert S. (Los Altos, CA)

1983-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

45

Spatial mode properties of plasmon assisted transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Orbital angular momentum of photons is explored to study the spatial mode properties of plasmon assisted transmission process. We found that photons carrying different orbital angular momentums have different transmission efficiencies, while the coherence between these spatial modes can be preserved.

Xi-Feng Ren; Guo-Ping Guo; Yun-Feng Huang; Zhi-Wei Wang; Guang-Can Guo

2006-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

46

Proxying location update for idle mode interfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In cellular networks it is the mobile node's responsibility to update the network about its location change, especially when this one enters idle mode. We developed a new framework [8] where the idle interface is powered-off to save energy and thus could ... Keywords: MIH services, idle/active mode, location-update, proxied interface, proxied multi-radio interface, proxy entity

Hicham Mahkoum; Abdelhakim S. Hafid; Behcet Sarikaya

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Multiple Oscillatory Modes of the Argentine Basin. Part II: The Spectral Origin of Basin Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the spectrum of barotropic basin modes of the Argentine Basin is shown to be connected to the classical Rossby basin modes of a flat-bottom (constant depth), rectangular basin. First, the spectrum of basin modes is calculated for ...

Wilbert Weijer; Frédéric Vivier; Sarah T. Gille; Henk A. Dijkstra

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Sliding mode control of quantum systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper proposes a new robust control method for quantum systems with uncertainties involving sliding mode control (SMC). Sliding mode control is a widely used approach in classical control theory and industrial applications. We show that SMC is also a useful method for robust control of quantum systems. In this paper, we define two specific classes of sliding modes (i.e., eigenstates and state subspaces) and propose two novel methods combining unitary control and periodic projective measurements for the design of quantum sliding mode control systems. Two examples including a two-level system and a three-level system are presented to demonstrate the proposed SMC method. One of main features of the proposed method is that the designed control laws can guarantee desired control performance in the presence of uncertainties in the system Hamiltonian. This sliding mode control approach provides a useful control theoretic tool for robust quantum information processing with uncertainties.

Daoyi Dong; Ian R. Petersen

2009-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

49

R modes of slowly pulsating B stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine pulsational stability of low $m$ $r$ modes in SPB stars by calculating fully nonadiabatic oscillations of uniformly rotating stars, where $m$ is an integer representing the azimuthal wave number around the rotation axis. $R$ modes are rotationally induced, non-axisymmetric, oscillation modes, whose oscillation frequency strongly depends on the rotation frequency $\\Omega$ of the star. They are conveniently classified by using two integer indices $m$ and $l^\\prime\\ge |m|$ that define the asymptotic oscillation frequency $2m\\Omega/[l^\\prime(l^\\prime+1)]$ in the limit of $\\Omega\\to 0$. We find low $m$, high radial order, odd $r$ modes with $l^\\prime=m$ in SPB stars are excited by the same iron opacity bump mechanism that excites low frequency $g$ modes of the variables, when the rotation frequency $\\Omega$ is sufficiently high. No even $r$ modes with low $m$ are found to be pulsationally unstable. Since the surface pattern of the temperature perturbation of odd modes is antisymmetric about the equator of the star, observed photometric amplitudes caused by the unstable odd $r$ modes with $l^\\prime=m$ are strongly dependent on the inclination angle between the axis of rotation and the line of sight. Applying the wave-meanflow interaction formalism to nonadiabatic $r$ modes in rapidly rotating SPB models, we find that because of the $r\\phi$ component of the Reynolds stress and the radial transport of the eddy fluctuation of density in the rotating star, the surface rotation is accelerated by the forcing due to the low $l^\\prime=m$ unstable $r$ modes.

Umin Lee

2005-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

50

Guiding Center Equations for Ideal Magnetohydrodynamic Modes  

SciTech Connect

Guiding center simulations are routinely used for the discovery of mode-particle resonances in tokamaks, for both resistive and ideal instabilities and to find modifications of particle distributions caused by a given spectrum of modes, including large scale avalanches during events with a number of large amplitude modes. One of the most fundamental properties of ideal magnetohydrodynamics is the condition that plasma motion cannot change magnetic topology. The conventional representation of ideal magnetohydrodynamic modes by perturbing a toroidal equilibrium field through ?~B = ? X (? X B) however perturbs the magnetic topology, introducing extraneous magnetic islands in the field. A proper treatment of an ideal perturbation involves a full Lagrangian displacement of the field due to the perturbation and conserves magnetic topology as it should. In order to examine the effect of ideal magnetohydrodynamic modes on particle trajectories the guiding center equations should include a correct Lagrangian treatment. Guiding center equations for an ideal displacement ? are derived which perserve the magnetic topology and are used to examine mode particle resonances in toroidal confinement devices. These simulations are compared to others which are identical in all respects except that they use the linear representation for the field. Unlike the case for the magnetic field, the use of the linear field perturbation in the guiding center equations does not result in extraneous mode particle resonances.

Roscoe B. White

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

51

Quadridirectional mode expansion modeling in integrated optics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.6 0.8 1 [µm] PR,T PR P T 1-P R -P T BEP, b.c. E y = 0 x [-4, 2] µm, 60 modes (QUEP, BEP Ey = 0 b,T PR P T 1-P R -P T QUEP BEP, b.c. E y = 0 x [-4, 2] µm, 60 modes (QUEP, BEP Ey = 0 b.c.), z [-1,T PR P T 1-P R -P T QUEP BEP, PML b.c.* x [-4, 2] µm, 60 modes (QUEP, BEP Ey = 0 b.c.), z [-1.8, 10

Al Hanbali, Ahmad

52

Mixed Mode Fuel Injector And Injection System  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel injector includes a homogenous charge nozzle outlet set and a conventional nozzle outlet set that are controlled respectively by first and second three way needle control valves. Each fuel injector includes first and second concentric needle valve members. One of the needle valve members moves to an open position for a homogenous charge injection event, while the other needle valve member moves to an open position for a conventional injection event. The fuel injector has the ability to operate in a homogenous charge mode with a homogenous charge spray pattern, a conventional mode with a conventional spray pattern or a mixed mode.

Stewart, Chris Lee (Normal, IL); Tian, Ye (Bloomington, IL); Wang, Lifeng (Normal, IL); Shafer, Scott F. (Morton, IL)

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

53

Normal Mode Initialization with Elementary Surface Friction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Various normal-mode initialization techniques are applied to a simple 12-level linear model with boundary layer friction, and results are compared to exact solutions of the model. It is found that Machenhauer's initialization scheme gives an ...

Bradley A. Ballish; Ferdinand Baer

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Organizational Modes of Midlatitude Mesoscale Convective Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses common modes of mesoscale convective organization. Using 2-km national composite reflectivity data, the authors investigated linear mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) that occurred in the central United States during May ...

Matthew D. Parker; Richard H. Johnson

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Engine control system for multiple combustion modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To reduce the emission by Diesel-engine in railway traction, continuous development and innovation in combustion, sensing net, control method and strategies are required to met the legal requirements. Multiple combustion modes by Diesel engines can reduce ...

D. Bonta; V. Tulbure; Cl. Festila

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Coupling between Tropospheric and Stratospheric Leading Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coupling between tropospheric and stratospheric leading modes in anomaly fields is investigated. By using daily data at many levels in addition to monthly mean data, the transition of spatial patterns and the direction and speed of the vertical ...

Hisanori Itoh; Ken-ichi Harada

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Single mode pulsed dye laser oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single mode pulsed dye laser oscillator is disclosed. The dye laser oscillator provides for improved power efficiency by reducing the physical dimensions of the overall laser cavity, which improves frequency selection capability. 6 figs.

Hackel, R.P.

1992-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

58

Mixed mode execution with context threading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interpreters are widely used to implement portable language runtime environments. Programs written in these languages may benefit from performance beyond that obtainable by optimizing interpretation alone. A modern high-performance mixed-mode virtual ...

Mathew Zaleski; Marc Berndl; Angela Demke Brown

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Coexistence of Equatorial Coupled Modes of ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To study the regimes of leading ocean–atmosphere coupled modes of relevance to the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon, a comprehensive eigenmode analysis of an intermediate coupled model linearized with respect to an array of basic ...

Luis Bejarano; Fei-Fei Jin

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Fundamental Moist Modes of the Equatorial Troposphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Raymond's diabatic parameterizations are combined with a three-dimensional channel model on an equatorial beta plane. The equatorially symmetric moist modes of this model for an atmosphere initially at rest are “nonlinear WISHE” (wind-induced ...

David J. Raymond; David J. Torres

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Westward Intensified and Topographically Modified Planetary Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The process study presented in this note originates from the interest in investigating the existence of barotropic planetary Rossby modes in Mediterranean subbasins that have relatively small length scales and include extensive topographic ...

Stefano Pierini

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Nonlinear Normal Mode Initialization with Physics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nonlinear normal mode initialization with physics was applied for analyses in FGGE IIIb data of the European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (ECMWF). A convergence of the iteration in the initialization was attained by modifying ...

Takeo Kitade

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Vertical Normal Mode Transforms: Theory and Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The separation of the vertical structure of the, solutions of the primitive (hydrostatic) meteorological equations is formalized as a vertical normal-mode transform. The transform is implemented for arbitrary static stability profiles by the ...

Scott R. Fulton; Wayne H. Schubert

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Rotary Mode Core Sample System availability improvement  

SciTech Connect

The Rotary Mode Core Sample System (RMCSS) is used to obtain stratified samples of the waste deposits in single-shell and double-shell waste tanks at the Hanford Site. The samples are used to characterize the waste in support of ongoing and future waste remediation efforts. Four sampling trucks have been developed to obtain these samples. Truck I was the first in operation and is currently being used to obtain samples where the push mode is appropriate (i.e., no rotation of drill). Truck 2 is similar to truck 1, except for added safety features, and is in operation to obtain samples using either a push mode or rotary drill mode. Trucks 3 and 4 are now being fabricated to be essentially identical to truck 2.

Jenkins, W.W.; Bennett, K.L.; Potter, J.D. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Cross, B.T.; Burkes, J.M.; Rogers, A.C. [Southwest Research Institute (United States)

1995-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

65

Quasi-exactly solvable quasinormal modes  

SciTech Connect

We consider quasinormal modes with complex energies from the point of view of the theory of quasi-exactly solvable (QES) models. We demonstrate that it is possible to find new potentials which admit exactly solvable or QES quasinormal modes by suitable complexification of parameters defining the QES potentials. Particularly, we obtain one QES and four exactly solvable potentials out of the five one-dimensional QES systems based on the sl(2) algebra.

Ho, C.-L.; Cho, H.-T. [Department of Physics, Tamkang University, Tamsui 25137, Taiwan (China)

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

66

Spotlight-Mode Synthetic Aperture Radar: A Signal Processing Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the Publisher:Spotlight-mode Synthetic Aperture Radar: A Signal Processing Approach describes an important mode of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging, known as spotlight-mode SAR. By treating the subject via the principles of signal processing, ...

Paul Thompson; Daniel E. Wahl; Paul H. Eichel; Dennis C. Ghiglia; Charles V. Jakowatz

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Distinct Modes of the East Asian Winter Monsoon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two distinct modes of the East Asian winter monsoon (EAWM) have been identified, and they correspond to real and imaginary parts of the leading mode of the EAWM, respectively. Analyses of these modes used the National Centers for Environment ...

Bingyi Wu; Renhe Zhang; Rosanne D’Arrigo

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Phonon-roton modes of liquid 4He beyond the roton in MCM-41  

SciTech Connect

We present neutron scattering measurements of the phonon-roton (P-R) mode of superfluid 4He confined in 47 A MCM-41 at T = 0.5 K at wave vectors, Q, beyond the roton wave vector (QR = 1.92 A-1). Measurements beyond the roton require access to high wave vectors (up to Q = 4 A-1) with excellent energy resolution and high statistical precision. The present results show for the first time that at T = 0.5 K the P-R mode in MCM-41 extends out to wave-vector Q 3.6 A-1 with the same energy and zero width (within precision) as observed in bulk superfluid 4He. Layer modes in the roton region are also observed. Specifically, the P-R mode energy, !Q, increases with Q for Q > QR and reaches a plateau at a maximum energy !Q = 2 where is the roton energy, = 0.74 0.01 meV in MCM-41. This upper limit means the P-R mode decays to two rotons when its energy exceeds 2 . It also means that the P-R mode does not decay to two layers modes. If the P-R could decay to two layer modes, !Q would plateau at a lower energy, !Q = 2 L where L = 0.60 meV is the energy of the roton like minimum of the layer mode. The observation of the P-R mode with energy up to 2 shows that the P-R mode and the layer modes are independent modes with apparently little interaction between them.

Azuah, Richard T [NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCRN), Gaithersburg, MD] NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCRN), Gaithersburg, MD; Omar Diallo, Souleymane [ORNL] ORNL; Adams, Mark A. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (ISIS)] ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (ISIS); Kirichek, Oleg [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (ISIS)] ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (ISIS); Glyde, Henry R [University of Delaware] University of Delaware

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

MC generator TAUOLA: Implementation of resonance chiral theory for two and three meson modes. Comparison with experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a partial upgrade of the Monte Carlo event generator TAUOLA with the two and three hadron decay modes using the theoretical models based on Resonance Chiral Theory. These modes account for 88% of total hadronic width of the tau meson. First results of the model parameters have been obtained using BaBar data for 3{pi} mode.

Shekhovtsova, O.; Nugent, I. M.; Przedzinski, T.; Roig, P.; Was, Z. [IFIC, Universitat de Valencia-CSIC, Apt. Correus 22085, E-46071, Valencia (Spain); RWTH Aachen University, III. Physikalisches Institut B, Aachen (Germany); The Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Applied Computer Science, Jagellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Cracow, Poland and CERN PH-TH, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Grup de Fisica Teorica, Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Institute of Nuclear Physics, PAN, Krakow, ul. Radzikowskiego 152, Poland and CERN PH-TH, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

70

Mode Initialization for On-line Estimation of Power System Electromechanical Modes  

SciTech Connect

Measurement-based mode estimation methods are utilized to estimate electromechanical modes of a power system using phasor measurement units (PMU) data. These methods need to extract a certain amount of information before they can give useable mode estimation. Traditionally, the information is gathered solely from measurement data. Priori mode information from other resources (e.g. model eigenvalue analysis, engineering knowledge) are not fully utilized. For real time application, this means that mode estimation takes time to converge. By adding a mode regularization term in the objective function, this paper proposes a mode initialization method to include priori mode information in a regularized robust recursive least squares (R3LS) algorithm for on-line mode estimation. The proposed method is tested using a simple model, a 17 machine model and is shown to be able to shorten the convergence period of the R3LS algorithm. The proposed method is also applied on the measurement data recorded right before a major power outage in the western North American Grid on August 10th 1996 to show its potential applica-tion in detecting an approaching small signal stability problem.

Zhou, Ning; Trudnowski, Daniel; Pierre, John W.

2009-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

71

Rail Access Modes and Catchment Areas for the BART System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parking supplies), ridership (e.g. , rail modal splits), andof California at Berkeley Rail Access Modes and CatchmentHypothesized Distributions of Rail Station Access Modes as a

Cervero, Robert

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Ultrasonic-Based Mode-Synthesizing Atomic Force Microscopy  

In a single run and without damaging the sample, ORNL’s mode-synthesizingatomic force microscopy (MSAFM), along with mode-synthesizing sensing, ...

73

Measurements of Time-Dependent CP-Asymmetry Parameters in B Meson Decays to \\eta^{\\prime} K^0 and of Branching Fractions of SU(3) Related Modes with BaBar Experiment at SLAC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this thesis work we have measured the following upper limits at 90% of confidence level, for B meson decays (in units of 10{sup -6}), using a statistics of 465.0 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} pairs: {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {eta}K{sup 0}) < 1.6 {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {eta}{eta}) < 1.4 {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {eta}{prime}{eta}{prime}) < 2.1 {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {eta}{phi}) < 0.52 {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {eta}{omega}) < 1.6 {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {eta}{prime}{phi}) < 1.2 {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {eta}{prime}{omega}) < 1.7 We have no observation of any decay mode, statistical significance for our measurements is in the range 1.3-3.5 standard deviation. We have a 3.5{sigma} evidence for B {yields} {eta}{omega} and a 3.1 {sigma} evidence for B {yields} {eta}{prime}{omega}. The absence of observation of the B{sup 0} {yields} {eta}K{sup 0} open an issue related to the large difference compared to the charged mode B{sup +} {yields} {eta}K{sup +} branching fraction, which is measured to be 3.7 {+-} 0.4 {+-} 0.1 [118]. Our results represent substantial improvements of the previous ones [109, 110, 111] and are consistent with theoretical predictions. All these results were presented at Flavor Physics and CP Violation (FPCP) 2008 Conference, that took place in Taipei, Taiwan. They will be soon included into a paper to be submitted to Physical Review D. For time-dependent analysis, we have reconstructed 1820 {+-} 48 flavor-tagged B{sup 0} {yields} {eta}{prime}K{sup 0} events, using the final BABAR statistic of 467.4 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} pairs. We use these events to measure the time-dependent asymmetry parameters S and C. We find S = 0.59 {+-} 0.08 {+-} 0.02, and C = -0.06 {+-} 0.06 {+-} 0.02. A non-zero value of C would represent a directly CP non-conserving component in B{sup 0} {yields} {eta}{prime}K{sup 0}, while S would be equal to sin2{beta} measured in B{sup 0} {yields} J/{psi}K{sub s}{sup 0} [108], a mixing-decay interference effect, provided the decay is dominated by amplitudes of a single weak phase. The new measured value of S can be considered in agreement with the expectations of the 'Standard Model', inside the experimental and theoretical uncertainties. Inconsistency of our result for S with CP conservation (S = 0) has a significance of 7.1 standard deviations (statistical and systematics included). Our result for the direct-CP violation parameter C is 0.9 standard deviations from zero (statistical and systematics included). Our results are in agreement with the previous ones [18]. Despite the statistics is only 20% larger than the one used in previous measurement, we improved of 20% the error on S and of 14% the error on C. This error is the smaller ever achieved, by both BABAR and Belle, in Time-Dependent CP Violation Parameters measurement is a b {yields} s transition.

Biassoni, Pietro; /Milan U.

2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

74

Stabilizing windings for tilting and shifting modes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides simple, inexpensive, independent and passive, conducting loops for stabilizing a plasma ring having externally produced equilibrium fields on opposite sides of the plasma ring and internal plasma currents that interact to tilt and/or shift the plasma ring relative to the externally produced equilibrium field so as to produce unstable tilting and/or shifting modes in the plasma ring. More particularly this invention provides first and second passive conducting loops for containing first and second induced currents in first and second directions corresponding to the amplitude and directions of the unstable tilting and/or shifting modes in the plasma ring. To this end, the induced currents provide additional magnetic fields for producing restoring forces and/or restoring torques for counteracting the tilting and/or shifting modes when the conducting loops are held fixed in stationary positions relative to the externally produced equilibrium fields on opposite sides of the plasma ring.

Jardin, S.C.; Christensen, U.R.

1982-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

75

Contained Modes In Mirrors With Sheared Rotation  

SciTech Connect

In mirrors with E × B rotation, a fixed azimuthal perturbation in the lab frame can appear as a wave in the rotating frame. If the rotation frequency varies with radius, the plasma-frame wave frequency will also vary radially due to the Doppler shift. A wave that propagates in the high rotation plasma region might therefore be evanescent at the plasma edge. This can lead to radially localized Alfven eigenmodes with high azimuthal mode numbers. Contained Alfven modes are found both for peaked and non-peaked rotation profiles. These modes might be useful for alpha channeling or ion heating, as the high azimuthal wave number allows the plasma wave frequency in the rotating frame to exceed the ion cyclotron frequency. __________________________________________________

Abraham J. Fetterman and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

76

Search for global f-modes and p-modes in the 8B neutrino flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of global acoustic modes on the 8B neutrino flux time series is computed for the first time. It is shown that the time fluctuations of the 8B neutrino flux depend on the amplitude of acoustic eigenfunctions in the region where the 8B neutrino flux is produced: modes with low n (or order) that have eigenfunctions with a relatively large amplitude in the Sun's core, strongly affect the neutrino flux; conversely, modes with high n that have eigenfunctions with a minimal amplitude in the Sun's core have a very small impact on the neutrino flux. It was found that the global modes with a larger impact on the 8B neutrino flux have a frequency of oscillation in the interval 250 \\mu Hz to 500 \\mu Hz (or a period in the interval 30 minutes to 70 minutes), such as the f-modes (n=0) for the low degrees, radial modes of order n smaller or equal to 3, and the dipole mode of order n=1. Their corresponding neutrino eigenfunctions are very sensitive to the solar inner core and are unaffected by the variability of the external layers of the solar surface. If time variability of neutrinos is observed for these modes, it will lead to new ways of improving the sound speed profile inversion in the central region of the Sun.

Ilidio Lopes

2013-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

77

Hydrogen local vibrational modes in semiconductors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Following, a review of experimental techniques, theory, and previous work, the results of local vibrational mode (LVM) spectroscopy on hydrogen-related complexes in several different semiconductors are discussed. Hydrogen is introduced either by annealing in a hydrogen ambient. exposure to a hydrogen plasma, or during growth. The hydrogen passivates donors and acceptors in semiconductors, forming neutral complexes. When deuterium is substituted for hydrogen. the frequency of the LVM decreases by approximately the square root of two. By varying the temperature and pressure of the samples, the microscopic structures of hydrogen-related complexes are determined. For group II acceptor-hydrogen complexes in GaAs, InP, and GaP, hydrogen binds to the host anion in a bond-centered orientation, along the [111] direction, adjacent to the acceptor. The temperature dependent shift of the LVMs are proportional to the lattice thermal energy U(T), a consequence of anharmonic coupling between the LVM and acoustical phonons. In the wide band gap semiconductor ZnSe, epilayers grown by metalorganic chemical vapor phase epitaxy (MOCVD) and doped with As form As-H complexes. The hydrogen assumes a bond-centered orientation, adjacent to a host Zn. In AlSb, the DX centers Se and Te are passivated by hydrogen. The second, third, and fourth harmonics of the wag modes are observed. Although the Se-D complex has only one stretch mode, the Se-H stretch mode splits into three peaks. The anomalous splitting is explained by a new interaction between the stretch LVM and multi-phonon modes of the lattice. As the temperature or pressure is varied, and anti-crossing is observed between LVM and phonon modes.

McCluskey, M.D. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics]|[Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

MHD mode conversion in a stratified atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mode conversion in the region where the sound and Alfven speeds are equal is a complex process, which has been studied both analytically and numerically, and has been seen in observations. In order to further the understanding of this process we set up a simple, one-dimensional model, and examine wave propagation through this system using a combination of analytical and numerical techniques. Simulations are carried out in a gravitationally stratified atmosphere with a uniform, vertical magnetic field for both isothermal and non-isothermal cases. For the non-isothermal case a temperature profile is chosen to mimic the steep temperature gradient encountered at the transition region. In all simulations, a slow wave is driven on the upper boundary, thus propagating down from low-beta to high-beta plasma across the mode-conversion region. In addition, a detailed analytical study is carried out where we predict the amplitude and phase of the transmitted and converted components of the incident wave as it passes through the mode-conversion region. A comparison of these analytical predictions with the numerical results shows good agreement, giving us confidence in both techniques. This knowledge may be used to help determine wave types observed and give insight into which modes may be involved in coronal heating.

A. M. Dee McDougall; Alan W. Hood

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

The Use of Topographic Wave Modes to Solve for the Barotropic Mode of a Rigid-Lid Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topographic wave modes are defined for the barotropic mode of a rigid-lid ocean, and the question is asked whether these might form an efficient basis for a description of the barotropic mode of a general ocean flow. The modes are shown to be ...

C. W. Hughes

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Thermodynamics, Optical Properties and Coordination Modes of Np(V) with Dipicolinic Acid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics, Optical Properties and Coordination Modes ofacid, complexation, thermodynamics, coordination mode 1.

Tian, Guoxin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Disordered Optical Modes for Photon Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wave transport in disordered systems is a vast research topic, ranging from electrons in semiconductors, to light in random dielectrics, to cold atoms in laser speckles. In optics, light transport is conveyed by random electromagnetic modes and the wave can be localized about a point or extended throughout the system, depending on disorder strength, structural correlations and dimensionality of the system. Light localization phenomena are more dominantly present in two-dimensional systems than in three-dimensional ones and their optical modes can be tailored to a greater extent. Here, we show that it is possible to make use of the properties of lower-dimensional disordered structures to obtain photon management in three-dimensional space. More particularly, we argue that two-dimensional disorder and wave interferences can be exploited to improve the performance of light absorbers or emitters. Our findings have direct applications for enhancing the absorption efficiency of third-generation solar cells in a rel...

Vynck, Kevin; Riboli, Francesco; Wiersma, Diederik S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Stabilizing windings for tilting and shifting modes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to passive conducting loops for stabilizing a plasma ring against unstable tilting and/or shifting modes. To this end, for example, plasma ring in a spheromak is stabilized by a set of four figure-8 shaped loops having one pair on one side of the plasma and one pair on the other side with each pair comprising two loops whose axes are transverse to each other.

Jardin, Stephen C. (Princeton, NJ); Christensen, Uffe R. (Princeton, NJ)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Neoclassical tearing modes in a tokamak  

SciTech Connect

Linear tearing instability is studied in the banana collisionality regime in tokamak geometry. Neoclassical effects produce significant modifications of Ohm's law and the vorticity equation so that the growth rate of tearing modes driven by ..delta..' is dramatically reduced compared to the usual resistive MHD value. Consequences of this result, regarding the presence of pressure-gradient-driven neoclassical resistive interchange instabilities and the evolution of magnetic islands in the Rutherford regime, are discussed. 10 refs.

Hahm, T.S.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Mode coupling of electron plasma waves  

SciTech Connect

The driven coupled mode equations are derived for a two fluid, unequal temperature (T/sub e/ much greater than T/sub i/) plasma in the one-dimensional, electrostatic model and applied to the coupling of electron plasma waves. It is assumed that the electron to ion mass ratio identical with m/sub e/M/sub i// much less than 1 and eta$sup 2$/sub ko/k lambda/sub De/ less than 1 where eta$sup 2$/ sub ko/ is the pump wave's power normalized to the plasma thermal energy, k the mode wave number and lambda/sub De/ the electron Debye length. Terms up to quadratic in pump power are retained. The equations describe the linear plasma modes oscillating at the wave number k and at $omega$/sub ek/, the Bohn Gross frequency, and at $Omega$/sub k/, the ion acoustic frequency, subject to the damping rates $nu$/sub ek/ and $nu$/sub ik/ for electrons and ions and their interactions due to intense high frequency waves E/sub k//sup l/. n/sub o/ is the background density, n/sub ik/ the fluctuating ion density, $omega$/sub pe/ the plasma frequency. (auth)

Harte, J.A.

1975-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

85

Singular Modes and Low-Frequency Atmospheric Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, it has been shown that the EOFs (empirical orthogonal functions) of the solutions of a stationary linear model to an ensemble of white noise forcing fields are the Schmidt modes (singular modes) of the model' linear operator. If the ...

Werner Metz

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Empirical Normal Modes versus Empirical Orthogonal Functions for Statistical Prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The theory of empirical normal modes (ENMs) for a shallow water fluid is developed. ENMs are basis functions that both have the statistical properties of empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs) and the dynamical properties of normal modes. In fact, ...

Gilbert Brunet; Robert Vautard

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Mode conversion current drive experiments on Alcator C-Mod  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In tokamak plasmas with multiple ion species, fast magnetosonic waves (FW) in the Ion Cyclotron Range of Frequency can mode convert to shorter wavelength modes at the Ion-Ion hybrid layer, leading to localized electron ...

Parisot, Alexandre, 1979-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #287: September 29, 2003 Modes...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: September 29, 2003 Modes of Transport, May 2003 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 287: September 29, 2003 Modes of Transport, May 2003 on Facebook...

89

Hybrid Rossby-Shelf Modes in a Laboratory Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Idealized laboratory experiments reveal the existence of forced–dissipative hybrid Rossby-shelf modes. The laboratory ocean consists of a deeper ocean (accommodating basin-scale Rossby modes) and a coastal step shelf (accommodating trapped shelf ...

Onno Bokhove; Vijaya Ambati

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Normal-Mode Decomposition of Small-Scale Oceanic Motions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small-scale oceanic motions consist of vortical motion and internal waves. In a linear or weakly nonlinear system these two types of motions can be unambiguously separated using normal-mode decomposition in which the vortical mode carries the ...

Ren-Chieh Lien; Peter Müller

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Topographic Vorticity-Mode Mesoscale-? (TVM) Model. Part I: Formulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three-dimensional, flat-terrain, finite-difference URBMET vorticity, mode mesoscale-? model has been modified to include topographic effects. The resulting topographic vorticity-mode mesoscale-? (TVM) model is hydrostatic, Boussinesq, and ...

G. Schayes; P. Thunis; R. Bornstein

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Nonlinear tearing mode interactions and mode locking in reversed field pinches  

SciTech Connect

The nonlinear interaction of a set of tearing instabilities and plasma flow is studied in a cylindrical plasma. An analytic theory of mode locking is developed which includes the effects of the localized electromagnetic torques, plasma inertia and cross-field viscosity. The calculation is specialized for the case of mode locking on the Madison Symmetric Torus (MST) reversed field pinch. In MST plasmas, a set of m = 1 tearing instabilities become phase locked and form a toroidally localized, rotating magnetic disturbance. An evolution equation for the phase velocity of this magnetic disturbance is derived which accounts for two types of electromagnetic torques. The external torques describe the interaction of the tearing modes with static magnetic perturbations located outside the plasma region. The interior torques describe the nonlinear interaction of three tearing modes which satisfy a wave number resonance condition. For conditions typical of MST, the internal torques dominate the external torques, which suggest the nonlinear interaction of tearing instabilities play a prominent role in the momentum degradation and mode locking.

Hegna, C.C.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Special purpose modes in photonic band gap fibers - Energy ...  

Solar Thermal; Startup ... Partners (27) Visual Patent Search; Success Stories; News; Events; Special purpose modes in ... Issued: April 2, 2013: ...

94

Viscoelastic modes in a strongly coupled, cold, magnetized dusty plasma  

SciTech Connect

A generalized hydrodynamical model has been used to study the low frequency modes in a strongly coupled, cold, magnetized dusty plasma. Such plasmas exhibit elastic properties due to the strong correlations among dust particles and the tensile stresses imparted by the magnetic field. It has been shown that longitudinal compressional Alfven modes and elasticity modified transverse shear mode exist in such a medium. The features of these collective modes are established and discussed.

Banerjee, Debabrata; Mylavarapu, Janaki Sita; Chakrabarti, Nikhil [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, I/AF Bidhannagar, Calcutta 700 064 (India)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

95

Extracting Operating Modes from Building Electrical Load Data: Preprint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Empirical techniques for characterizing electrical energy use now play a key role in reducing electricity consumption, particularly miscellaneous electrical loads, in buildings. Identifying device operating modes (mode extraction) creates a better understanding of both device and system behaviors. Using clustering to extract operating modes from electrical load data can provide valuable insights into device behavior and identify opportunities for energy savings. We present a fast and effective heuristic clustering method to identify and extract operating modes in electrical load data.

Frank, S.; Polese, L. G.; Rader, E.; Sheppy, M.; Smith, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Optimal scheduling for constant-rate multi-mode systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Constant-rate multi-mode systems are hybrid systems that can switch freely among a finite set of modes, and whose dynamics is specified by a finite number of real-valued variables with mode-dependent constant rates. The schedulability problem for such ... Keywords: cyber-physical systems, green scheduling, hybrid automata, peak minimization, switched systems

Rajeev Alur; Ashutosh Trivedi; Dominik Wojtczak

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Adaptive fuzzy sliding mode control for flexible satellite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The adaptive fuzzy sliding mode control is applied to the attitude stabilization of flexible satellite. The detailed design procedure of the fuzzy sliding mode control system is presented. The adaptive fuzzy control is utilized to approach the equivalent ... Keywords: Adaptive fuzzy control, Attitude control, Flexible satellite, Sliding mode control

Ping Guan; Xiang-Jie Liu; Ji-Zhen Liu

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Predictions of Alpha Heating in ITER L-mode and H-mode Plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predictions of alpha heating in L-mode and H-mode DT plasmas in ITER are generated using the PTRANSP code. The baseline toroidal field of 5.3 T, plasma current ramped to 15 MA and a flat electron density profile ramped to Greenwald fraction 0.85 are assumed. Various combinations of external heating by negative ion neutral beam injection, ion cyclotron resonance, and electron cyclotron resonance are assumed to start half-way up the density ramp. The time evolution of plasma temperatures and, for some cases, toroidal rotation are predicted assuming GLF23 and boundary parameters. Significant toroidal rotation and flow-shearing rates are predicted by GLF23 even in the L-mode phase with low boundary temperatures, and the alpha heating power is predicted to be significant if the power threshold for the transition to H-mode is higher than the planned total heating power. The alpha heating is predicted to be 8-76 MW in L-mode at full density. External heating mixes with higher beam injection power have higher alpha heating power. Alternatively if the toroidal rotation is predicted assuming that the ratio of the momentum to thermal ion energy conductivity is 0.5, the flow-shearing rate is predicted to have insignificant effects on the GLF23- predicted temperatures, and alpha heating is predicted to be 8-20 MW. In H-mode plasmas the alpha heating is predicted to depend sensitively on the assumed pedestal temperatures. Cases with fusion gain greater than 10 are predicted to have alpha heating greater than 80 MW.

R.V. Budny

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

99

Entanglement generation between two atoms via surface modes  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the coupling of two identical atoms, separated by a metal or metamaterial slab, through surface modes. We show that the coupling through the surface modes can induce entanglement. We discuss how to control the coupling for the metal or metamaterial slab by adjusting the symmetrical and antisymmetrical property of the surface modes. We analyze the dispersion relation of the surface modes and study the parameter ranges that support the surface modes with the same properties. Our results have potential applications in quantum communication and quantum computation.

Xu Jingping; Yang Yaping [Key Laboratory of Advanced Micro-structure Materials, Ministry of Education, Department of Physics, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Al-Amri, M. [National Center for Mathematics and Physics, KACST, P.O. Box 6086, Riyadh 11442 (Saudi Arabia); Zhu Shiyao [Key Laboratory of Advanced Micro-structure Materials, Ministry of Education, Department of Physics, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China); Department of Physics, Hong Kong Baptist University (Hong Kong); Zubairy, M. Suhail [Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100084 (China); Institute for Quantum Science and Engineering (IQSE) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

100

Multi-mode ultrasonic welding control and optimization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for providing multi-mode control of an ultrasonic welding system. In one embodiment, the control modes include the energy of the weld, the time of the welding process and the compression displacement of the parts being welded during the welding process. The method includes providing thresholds for each of the modes, and terminating the welding process after the threshold for each mode has been reached, the threshold for more than one mode has been reached or the threshold for one of the modes has been reached. The welding control can be either open-loop or closed-loop, where the open-loop process provides the mode thresholds and once one or more of those thresholds is reached the welding process is terminated. The closed-loop control provides feedback of the weld energy and/or the compression displacement so that the weld power and/or weld pressure can be increased or decreased accordingly.

Tang, Jason C.H.; Cai, Wayne W

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Spontaneous fission modes and lifetimes of super-heavy elements in the nuclear density functional theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lifetimes of super-heavy (SH) nuclei are primarily governed by alpha decay and spontaneous fission (SF). Here we study the competing decay modes of even-even SH isotopes with 108 cold fusion" and "hot fusion" reactions. The region of long-lived SH nuclei is expected to be centered on $^{294}$Ds with a total half-life of ?1.5 days.

A. Staszczak; A. Baran; W. Nazarewicz

2012-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

102

Pionic Radioactivity as New Mode of Nuclear Fission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a short review of the theoretical problems of the pionic radioactivity as a new nuclear mode is presented. The essential theoretical and experimental results obtained in the 25 years from the prediction of the nuclear pionic radioactivity are reviewed. Using the fission-like model it was shown that most of the SHE-nuclei lie in the region where the pionic fissility parameters attain their limiting value X=1 (see Fig.2-3). Hence, the SHE-region is characterized by the absence of a classical barrier toward spontaneous pion emission. Consequently, both decay modes, the pionic fission and the spontaneous fission of SHE nuclides, essentially will be determined only by shell effects. Then, it was seen that the usual predicted SHE-island of stability around the double magic nucleus 298-[114], which is not confirmed experimentally, can be explained by the dominant pionic radioactivity of the SHE-nuclei from this region. The bimodal symmetric (see Figs. 5ab) as well as, the supergiant radioactive halos (see Fig. 6) as two important signature of the nuclear pionic fission are evidentiated.

D. B. Ion; M. L. D. Ion; Reveica Ion-Mihai

2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

103

Simulations of 2D magnetic electron drift vortex mode turbulence in plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulations are performed to investigate turbulent properties of nonlinearly interacting two-dimensional (2D) magnetic electron drift vortex (MEDV) modes in a nonuniform unmagnetized plasma. The relevant nonlinear equations governing the dynamics of the MEDV modes are the wave magnetic field and electron temperature perturbations in the presence of the equilibrium density and temperature gradients. The important nonlinearities come from the advection of the electron fluid velocity perturbation and the electron temperature, as well as from the nonlinear electron Lorentz force. Computer simulations of the governing equations for the nonlinear MEDV modes reveal the generation of streamer-like electron flows, such that the corresponding gradients in the direction of the inhomogeneities tend to flatten out. By contrast, the gradients in an orthogonal direction vary rapidly. Consequently, the inertial range energy spectrum in decaying MEDV mode turbulence exhibits a much steeper anisotropic spectral index. The magn...

Shaikh, Dastgeer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Measurement setup for differential-mode and common-mode channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-mode at the transmitting end called Transverse Conversion Loss (TCL). At the receiving end, the leakage from the common of the TCL balance function is determined by the variable ht c2d. xc xd + ht c2d + ht d2c DM Channel hd CM) measurement setup Zt c + - Vin BALUN CABLE BALUN Zr d Zr cVout Fig. 7. Transverse conversion Loss (TCL

105

Sequestering Uranium from Seawater: Binding Strength and Modes...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

YouTube: AdvancedLightSource Home Science Highlights Journal Covers Sequestering Uranium from Seawater: Binding Strength and Modes of Uranyl Complexes with Glutarimidedioxime...

106

and Oxy-Fuel Combustion Modes on Hydroxyl Content  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, The Challenges of Measuring the Impact of Air- and Oxy-Fuel Combustion Modes on Hydroxyl Content in Glass. Author(s), Leighta Johnson, ...

107

First Modes of Operation Workshop (October 2000)-Block ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... error propagation • Advantages of modes with error propaga tion – greater resemblance to big sn-bit block cipher (s blocks on n bits) – resistance ...

2012-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

108

Three Modes of Heat Transferâ??Thermal Conduction, Thermal Convection,  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...).46, 44, 43, 42, 41, 40, 39, 38, 37, Ref 1In induction heating, all three modes of heat transferâ??conduction,

109

Best Mode Disclosure—Comply or Invalidate Your Patent  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Best Mode Disclosure—Comply or Invalidate Your Patent. Arnold B. Silverman. The United States patent system provides the inventor with a period of exclusivity  ...

110

Internal Dielectric Transduction in Bulk-Mode Resonators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates electrostatic transduction of a longitudinal-mode silicon acoustic resonator with internal dielectric films. Geometric optimization of internal dielectrically transduced resonators is derived ...

Weinstein, Dana

111

Spin Modes in Nuclei and Nuclear Forces  

SciTech Connect

Spin modes in stable and unstable exotic nuclei are studied and important roles of tensor and three-body forces on nuclear structure are discussed. New shell model Hamiltonians, which have proper tensor components, are shown to explain shell evolutions toward drip-lines and spin properties of both stable and exotic nuclei, for example, Gamow-Teller transitions in {sup 12}C and {sup 14}C and an anomalous M1 transition in {sup 17}C. The importance and the necessity of the repulsive monopole corrections in isospin T = 1 channel to the microscopic two-body interactions are pointed out. The corrections are shown to lead to the proper shell evolutions in neutron-rich isotopes. The three-body force, in particular the Fujita-Miyazawa force induced by {Delta} excitations, is pointed out to be responsible for the repulsive corrections among the valence neutrons. The important roles of the three-body force on the energies and transitions in exotic oxygen and calcium isotopes are demonstrated.

Suzuki, Toshio [Department of Physics and Graduate School of Integrated Basic Sciences, College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University, Sakurajosui 3-25-40, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8550 (Japan) and Center for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo, Hirosawa, Wako-shi, Saitama, 351-0198 (Japan); Otsuka, Takaharu [Department of Physics and Center for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

112

Dual mode stereotactic localization method and application  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention described herein combines the structural digital X-ray image provided by conventional stereotactic core biopsy instruments with the additional functional metabolic gamma imaging obtained with a dedicated compact gamma imaging mini-camera. Before the procedure, the patient is injected with an appropriate radiopharmaceutical. The radiopharmaceutical uptake distribution within the breast under compression in a conventional examination table expressed by the intensity of gamma emissions is obtained for comparison (co-registration) with the digital mammography (X-ray) image. This dual modality mode of operation greatly increases the functionality of existing stereotactic biopsy devices by yielding a much smaller number of false positives than would be produced using X-ray images alone. The ability to obtain both the X-ray mammographic image and the nuclear-based medicine gamma image using a single device is made possible largely through the use of a novel, small and movable gamma imaging camera that permits its incorporation into the same table or system as that currently utilized to obtain X-ray based mammographic images for localization of lesions.

Keppel, Cynthia E. (Norfolk, VA); Barbosa, Fernando Jorge (Newport News, VA); Majewski, Stanislaw (Grafton, VA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Dual Mode Inverter Control Test Verification  

SciTech Connect

Permanent Magnet Motors with either sinusoidal back emf (permanent magnet synchronous motor [PMSM]) or trapezoidal back emf (brushless dc motor [BDCM]) do not have the ability to alter the air gap flux density (field weakening). Since the back emf increases with speed, the system must be designed to operate with the voltage obtained at its highest speed. Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Research Center (PEEMRC) has developed a dual mode inverter controller (DMIC) that overcomes this disadvantage. This report summarizes the results of tests to verify its operation. The standard PEEMRC 75 kW hard-switched inverter was modified to implement the field weakening procedure (silicon controlled rectifier enabled phase advance). A 49.5 hp motor rated at 2800 rpm was derated to a base of 400 rpm and 7.5 hp. The load developed by a Kahn Industries hydraulic dynamometer, was measured with a MCRT9-02TS Himmelstein and Company torque meter. At the base conditions a current of 212 amperes produced the 7.5 hp. Tests were run at 400, 1215, and 2424 rpm. In each run, the current was no greater than 214 amperes. The horsepower obtained in the three runs were 7.5, 9.3, and 8.12. These results verified the basic operation of the DMIC in producing a Constant Power Speed Ratios (CPSR) of six.

Bailey, J.M.

2001-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

114

Adaptive radio modes in sensor networks: How deep to sleep  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—Energy-efficient performance is a central challenge in sensor network deployments, and the radio is a major contributor to overall energy node consumption. Current energyefficient MAC protocols for sensor networks use a fixed low power radio mode for putting the radio to sleep. Fixed low power modes involve an inherent tradeoff: deep sleep modes have low current draw and high energy cost and latency for switching the radio to active mode, while light sleep modes have quick and inexpensive switching to active mode with a higher current draw. This paper proposes adaptive radio low power sleep modes based on current traffic conditions in the network, as an enhancement to our recent RFIDImpulse low power wake-up mechanism. The paper also introduces a comprehensive node energy model, that includes energy components for radio switching, transmission, reception, listening, and sleeping, as well as the often disregarded microcontroller energy component to evaluate energy performance for both MicaZ and TelosB platforms, which use different MCU’s. We then use the model for comparing the energy-related performance of RFIDImpulse enhanced with adaptive low power modes with BMAC and IEEE 802.15.4 for the two node platforms under varying data rates. The comparative analysis confirms that RFIDImpulse with adaptive low power modes provides up to 20 times lower energy consumption than IEEE 802.15.4 in low traffic scenario. The evaluation also yields the optimal settings of low power modes on the basis of data rates for each node platform, and it provides guidelines for the selection of appropriate MAC protocol, low power mode, and node platform for a given set of traffic requirements of a sensor network application. I.

Raja Jurdak; Antonio G. Ruzzelli; Gregory M. P. O’hare

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Two-dimensional defect modes in optically induced photonic lattices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, localized linear defect modes due to band gap guidance in two-dimensional photonic lattices with localized or nonlocalized defects are investigated theoretically. First, when the defect is localized and weak, eigenvalues of defect modes bifurcated from edges of Bloch bands are derived analytically. It is shown that in an attractive (repulsive) defect, defect modes bifurcate out from Bloch-band edges with normal (anomalous) diffraction coefficients. Furthermore, distances between defect-mode eigenvalues and Bloch-band edges decrease exponentially with the defect strength, which is very different from the one-dimensional case where such distances decrease quadratically with the defect strength. It is also found that some defect-mode branches bifurcate not from Bloch-band edges, but from quasiedge points within Bloch bands, which is very unusual. Second, when the defect is localized but strong, defect modes are determined numerically. It is shown that both the repulsive and attractive defects can support various types of defect modes such as fundamental, dipole, quadrupole, and vortex modes. These modes reside in various band gaps of the photonic lattice. As the defect strength increases, defect modes move from lower band gaps to higher ones when the defect is repulsive, but remain within each band gap when the defect is attractive, similar to the one-dimensional case. The same phenomena are observed when the defect is held fixed while the applied dc field (which controls the lattice potential) increases. Lastly, if the defect is nonlocalized (i.e., it persists at large distances in the lattice), it is shown that defect modes can be embedded inside the continuous spectrum, and they can bifurcate out from edges of the continuous spectrum algebraically rather than exponentially.

Wang Jiandong; Yang Jianke; Chen Zhigang [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont 05401 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California 94132 (United States)

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Low energy collective modes of deformed superfluid nuclei within the finite amplitude method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: The major challenge for nuclear theory is to describe and predict global properties and collective modes of atomic nuclei. Of particular interest is the response of the nucleus to a time-dependent external field that impacts the low-energy multipole and beta-decay strength. Purpose: We propose a method to compute low-lying collective modes in deformed nuclei within the finite amplitude method (FAM) based on the quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA). By using the analytic property of the response function, we find the QRPA amplitudes by computing the residua of the FAM amplitudes by means of a contour integration around the QRPA poles in a complex frequency plane. Methods: We use the superfluid nuclear density functional theory with Skyrme energy density functionals, FAM-QRPA approach, and the conventional matrix formulation of the QRPA (MQRPA). Results: We demonstrate that the complex-energy FAM-QRPA method reproduces low-lying collective states obtained within the conventional matrix formulation of the QRPA theory. Illustrative calculations are performed for the isoscalar monopole strength in deformed 24Mg and for low-lying K = 0 quadrupole vibrational modes of deformed Yb and Er isotopes. Conclusions: The proposed FAM-QRPA approach allows one to efficiently calculate low-lying collective modes in spherical and deformed nuclei throughout the entire nuclear landscape, including shape-vibrational excitations, pairing vibrational modes, and beta-decay rates.

Nobuo Hinohara; Markus Kortelainen; Witold Nazarewicz

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

A Scanning Frequency Mode for Ion Cyclotron Mobility Spectrometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new operational mode for an ion cyclotron mobility spectrometry instrument is explored as a possibleA Scanning Frequency Mode for Ion Cyclotron Mobility Spectrometry Rebecca S. Glaskin, Stephen J that are applied to segmented regions of a circular drift tube. Ions with mobilities that are resonant

Clemmer, David E.

118

Development of Whispering Gallery Mode Resonators in Lithium Niobate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of Whispering Gallery Mode Resonators in Lithium Niobate A thesis submitted in partial for the production of lithium niobate Whispering Gallery Mode Resonators (WGMRs) to be used in the generation in the form of a disk with a rounded edge. I have fabricated a lithium niobate WGMR with surface imperfections

Novikova, Irina

119

DEFORMATION MODES OF PACKINGS OF FRICTIONLESS POLYDISPERSE SPHERES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 DEFORMATION MODES OF PACKINGS OF FRICTIONLESS POLYDISPERSE SPHERES O. I. IMOLE, N. KUMAR, AND S as a function of volume fraction are reported for both uniaxial and deviatoric deformation modes. Our findings, and pressure (isotropic stress) are reported as function of volume fraction and isotropic strain, while

Luding, Stefan

120

Simulation method for rigid and control modes aeroservoelastic interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important aeroservoelasticity aspect is the analysis of interactions between rigid, elastic and control modes. We know that the rigid aerodynamic modes are not well calculated by use of finite element software for aeroelastic analysis such as Nastran ... Keywords: aerodynamics, aeroelasticity, aeroservoelasticity, aircraft model, simulation

Ruxandra Mihaela Botez; Adrian Hiliuta; Lucian Grigorie

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Test and Analysis of Toyota Prius Operation Mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Toyota prius advanced control strategy is the key technology to reflect its energy saving and environmental protection. This paper analyzes prius operation principle, testing the vehicle's operation mode through road experiments of engine start, vehicle ... Keywords: HEV, operation mode, test, analysis

Yuantao Sun, Hongtian Zhang, Yunlong Wang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Sleep Mode at the Edge: How Much Room is There?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-short Sleep Mode Idle-short ON Tactive Sleep Mode Average line rate Modem power state Twin Sleep, ADSL2 standards define a low power state that modem can enter to save energy. Yet, none or little, allowing the modem to be either turned off or put in low-power state to reduce the amount of energy

123

A Mixed Signal Fuzzy Controller Using Current Mode Circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mixed analog-digital fuzzy logic inference processor chip, designed in a 0.35-?m CMOS technology, is presented. The analog fuzzy engine is based on a novel current-mode CMOS circuit used for the implementation of fuzzy partition membership functions. ... Keywords: current-mode circuits, fuzzy partitioning, inference engine, membership function circuits

Simone Orcioni; Giorgio Biagetti; Massimo Conti

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Fast user-mode rootkit scanner for the enterprise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

User-mode resource hiding through API interception and filtering is a well-known technique used by malware programs to achieve stealth. Although it is not as powerful as kernel-mode techniques, it is more portable and reliable and, as a result, widely ...

Yi-Min Wang; Doug Beck

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

An Evaluation Framework for Kernel-Mode Security Modules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kernel-mode security enhancement technologies are widely used to improve the efficiency of data processing and the security of data and operating systems in recent years. However, the security modules have been implemented without consolidated standards, ... Keywords: evaluation, Kernel-mode, Security Module, interface

Hui Zhang; Shenghong Chen; Yuqin Sun; Xiamu Niu

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Stability of thermal modes in cool prominence plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context: Magnetohydrodynamic thermal modes may play an important role in the formation, plasma condensation, and evolution of solar prominences. Unstable thermal modes due to unbalance between radiative losses and heating can lead to rapid plasma cooling and condensation. An accurate description of the radiative loss function is therefore crucial for this process. Aims: We study the stability of thermal modes in unbounded and uniform plasmas with properties akin to those in solar prominences. Effects due to partial ionization are taken into account. Three different parametrizations of the radiative loss function are used. Methods: By means of a normal mode analysis, we investigate linear nonadiabatic perturbations superimposed on the equilibrium state. We find an approximate instability criterion for thermal modes, while the exact linear growth rate is obtained by numerically solving the general dispersion relation. The stability of thermal disturbances is compared for the three different loss functions consi...

Soler, Roberto; Parenti, Susanna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Nonlinear dynamics of multiple neoclassical tearing modes in tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

Numerical simulations investigating the interaction of co-existent 2/1 and 3/1 neoclassical tearing modes are presented. The results obtained from an initial value 3D toroidal code that solves a set of generalized reduced MHD equations exhibit a host of complex phenomena arising from the coupling of the two modes. These include a modification of the island saturation widths of the two modes, a significant modification in the perpendicular flow patterns in the vicinity of the islands, and the excitation of geodesic acoustic mode like oscillations that lead to concomitant oscillations in the kinetic and magnetic energies of the islands. These oscillations only occur in the presence of the neoclassical stress tensor contribution and are absent for two coupled classical tearing modes.

Chandra, D.; Sen, A. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India); Agullo, O.; Benkadda, S. [France-Japan Magnetic Fusion Lab, LIA 336, CNRS/Lab PIIM, UMR 6633, CNRS-Universite de Provence, 13397 Marseille (France); Garbet, X. [Association Euratom-CEA, DRFC, CEA Cadarache, 13108 St-Paul-Lez-Durance (France)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

128

Accessibillity of Electron Bernstein Modes in Over-Dense Plasma  

SciTech Connect

Mode-conversion between the ordinary, extraordinary and electron Bernstein modes near the plasma edge may allow signals generated by electrons in an over-dense plasma to be detected. Alternatively, high frequency power may gain accessibility to the core plasma through this mode conversion process. Many of the tools used for ion cyclotron antenna de-sign can also be applied near the electron cyclotron frequency. In this paper, we investigate the possibilities for an antenna that may couple to electron Bernstein modes inside an over-dense plasma. The optimum values for wavelengths that undergo mode-conversion are found by scanning the poloidal and toroidal response of the plasma using a warm plasma slab approximation with a sheared magnetic field. Only a very narrow region of the edge can be examined in this manner; however, ray tracing may be used to follow the mode converted power in a more general geometry. It is eventually hoped that the methods can be extended to a hot plasma representation. Using antenna design codes, some basic antenna shapes will be considered to see what types of antennas might be used to detect or launch modes that penetrate the cutoff layer in the edge plasma.

Batchelor, D.B.; Bigelow, T.S.; Carter, M.D.

1999-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

129

An Investigation of Digital Instrumentation and Control System Failure Modes  

SciTech Connect

A study sponsored by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission study was conducted to investigate digital instrumentation and control (DI&C) systems and module-level failure modes using a number of databases both in the nuclear and non-nuclear industries. The objectives of the study were to obtain relevant operational experience data to identify generic DI&C system failure modes and failure mechanisms, and to obtain generic insights, with the intent of using results to establish a unified framework for categorizing failure modes and mechanisms. Of the seven databases studied, the Equipment Performance Information Exchange database was found to contain the most useful data relevant to the study. Even so, the general lack of quality relative to the objectives of the study did not allow the development of a unified framework for failure modes and mechanisms of nuclear I&C systems. However, an attempt was made to characterize all the failure modes observed (i.e., without regard to the type of I&C equipment under consideration) into common categories. It was found that all the failure modes identified could be characterized as (a) detectable/preventable before failures, (b) age-related failures, (c) random failures, (d) random/sudden failures, or (e) intermittent failures. The percentage of failure modes characterized as (a) was significant, implying that a significant reduction in system failures could be achieved through improved online monitoring, exhaustive testing prior to installation, adequate configuration control or verification and validation, etc.

Korsah, Kofi [ORNL; Cetiner, Mustafa Sacit [ORNL; Muhlheim, Michael David [ORNL; Poore III, Willis P [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Distilling quantum entanglement via mode-matched filtering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose an avenue toward distillation of quantum entanglement that is implemented by directly passing the entangled qubits through a mode-matched filter. This approach can be applied to a common class of entanglement impurities appearing in photonic systems, where the impurities inherently occupy different spatiotemporal modes than the entangled qubits. As a specific application, we show that our method can be used to significantly purify the telecom-band entanglement generated via the Kerr nonlinearity in single-mode fibers where a substantial amount of Raman-scattering noise is concomitantly produced.

Huang Yuping; Kumar, Prem [Center for Photonic Communication and Computing, EECS Department, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Road, Evanston, Illinois 60208-3118 (United States)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

131

Kinetic resonance damping rate of the toroidal ion temperature gradient mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linear damping rates of the toroidal ion temperature gradient ({eta}{sub i}) mode due to the toroidal resonance are calculated in the local kinetic limit. The well-known Landau contour method is generalized to treat the analytic continuation problem of the guiding center dispersion function in the toroidal resonance system where the resonance occurs from both the magnetic {Delta}B-curvature drift and the parallel ion transit drift. A detailed numerical analysis is presented for the dependence of the damping rate of the toroidal {eta}{sub i} mode on various parameters such as {var_epsilon}{sub n}, {kappa}{sub y}, and the trapped electron fraction. In addition, a consideration is presented on the decay problem of the ballistic response by the phase mixing in the toroidal system, which is directly related to the present damping problem of the wave normal modes by the toroidal resonance.

Kim, J.Y.; Kishimoto, Y.; Horton, W.; Tajima, T.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Shock induced multi-mode damage in depleted uranium  

SciTech Connect

Recent dynamic damage studies on depleted uranium samples have revealed mixed mode failure mechanisms leading to incipient cracking as well as ductile failure processes. Results show that delamination of inclusions upon compression may provide nucleation sites for damage initiation in the form of crack tip production. However, under tension the material propagates cracks in a mixed shear localization and mode-I ductile tearing and cracking. Cracks tips appear to link up through regions of severe, shear dominated plastic flow. Shock recovery experiments were conducted on a 50 mm single stage light gas gun. Serial metallographic sectioning was conducted on the recovered samples to characterize the bulk response of the sample. Experiments show delaminated inclusions due to uniaxial compression without damage propagation. Further results show the propagation of the damage through tensile loading to the incipient state, illustrating ductile processes coupled with mixed mode-I tensile ductile tearing, shear localization, and mode-I cracking in depleted uranium.

Koller, Darcie D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cerreta, Ellen K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gray, Ill, George T [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Charging system with galvanic isolation and multiple operating modes  

SciTech Connect

Systems and methods are provided for operating a charging system with galvanic isolation adapted for multiple operating modes. A vehicle charging system comprises a DC interface, an AC interface, a first conversion module coupled to the DC interface, and a second conversion module coupled to the AC interface. An isolation module is coupled between the first conversion module and the second conversion module. The isolation module comprises a transformer and a switching element coupled between the transformer and the second conversion module. The transformer and the switching element are cooperatively configured for a plurality of operating modes, wherein each operating mode of the plurality of operating modes corresponds to a respective turns ratio of the transformer.

Kajouke, Lateef A.; Perisic, Milun; Ransom, Ray M.

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

134

A Sliding Mode Multimodel Control for a Sensorless Photovoltaic System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we will talk about a new control test using the sliding mode control with a nonlinear sliding mode observer, which are very solicited in tracking problems, for a sensorless photovoltaic panel. In this case, the panel system will has as a set point the sun position at every second during the day for a period of five years; then the tracker, using sliding mode multimodel controller and a sliding mode observer, will track these positions to make the sunrays orthogonal to the photovoltaic cell that produces more energy. After sunset, the tracker goes back to the initial position (which of sunrise). Experimental measurements show that this autonomic dual axis Sun Tracker increases the power production by over 40%.

Rhif, Ahmed; Braiek, Naceur BenHadj

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Atmospheric Modes of Variability in a Changing Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of the atmospheric circulation to an enhanced radiative greenhouse gas forcing in a transient integration with a coupled global climate model is investigated. The spatial patterns of the leading modes of Northern Hemisphere ...

Jenny Brandefelt

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Improved performance alternator with fully integrated Switched-Mode Rectifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of Power Electronic circuits has helped to advance the technology of automotive alternators. The use of a Switched-Mode Rectifier (SMR) allows the alternator to run at a load-matched condition, optimizing power and ...

Mesa, Armando

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Energy Spread Compensation for Multi-Bunch Linac Operation Mode  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ENERGY SPREAD COMPENSATION FOR MULTI-BUNCH LINAC OPERATION MODE D. Mihalcea, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115, USA W. Gai, J. G. Power, ANL, Argonne, IL 60439, USA...

138

FlexMarket : a transient mode of local exchange  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the idea of a networked, transient mode of local food exchange and proposes a responsive infrastructure for integrating dynamic markets within the urban fabric. Focusing on market typologies as an area ...

Dunnam, Jennifer (Jennifer L.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Scattering of Light by Raindrops with Single-Mode Oscillations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Light scattering by oscillating raindrops is studied theoretically in the ray optics approximation. The effects of oscillation mode, amplitude, time dependence, drop size, and size distribution on the light scattering are studied. The ...

Timo Nousiainen

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Contributions of External Forcings to Southern Annular Mode Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An observed trend in the Southern Hemisphere annular mode (SAM) during recent decades has involved an intensification of the polar vortex. The source of this trend is a matter of scientific debate with stratospheric ozone losses, greenhouse gas ...

Julie M. Arblaster; Gerald A. Meehl

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Signature of the Annular Modes in the Moisture Budget  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mid- and high-latitude variations of mass and momentum, variously termed the Arctic and Antarctic oscillations and/or the Northern and Southern Annular Modes also have a signature in the moisture budget. This is investigated, using associated ...

G. J. Boer; S. Fourest; B. Yu

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Zonal Jet Structure and the Leading Mode of Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An observational analysis of the Northern Hemisphere circulation during winter reveals that the leading mode of variability depends on longitude. In particular, the first EOF of the zonal-mean circulation differs over the Atlantic and Pacific ...

Scott J. Eichelberger; Dennis L. Hartmann

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

A genetic k-modes algorithm for clustering categorical data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many optimization based clustering algorithms suffer from the possibility of stopping at locally optimal partitions of data sets. In this paper, we present a genetic k-Modes algorithm(GKMODE) that finds a globally optimal partition of a given ...

Guojun Gan; Zijiang Yang; Jianhong Wu

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Mode conversation losses in overmolded millimeter wave transmission lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Millimeter wave transmission lines are integral components for many important applications like nuclear fusion and NMR spectroscopy. In low loss corrugated transmission lines propagating the HE,1 mode with a high waveguide ...

Tax, David S. (David Samuel)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) - A Bibliography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Failure modes and effects analysis (FEMA) is a bottom-up analytical process that identifies process hazards, which helps managers understand vulnerabilities of systems, as well as assess and mitigate risk. It is one of several engineering tools and techniques ...

Program NASA Scientific and Technical Information

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Organizational Modes of Mesoscale Convective Systems over Central East China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Composite reflectivity Doppler radar data from June to September of 2007--2010 were used to classify mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) over Central East China into seven morphologies. The morphologies included one nonlinear mode (NL) and six ...

Linlin Zheng; Jianhua Sun; Xiaoling Zhang; Changhai Liu

147

Projection of Climate Change onto Modes of Atmospheric Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two possible interpretations of forced climate change view it as projecting, either linearly or nonlinearly, onto the dominant modes of variability of the climate system. An evaluation of these two interpretations is performed using annual mean ...

DáithíA. Stone; Andrew J. Weaver; Ronald J. Stouffer

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Stabilization of the resistive shell mode in tokamaks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The stability of current-driven external-kink modes is investigated in a tokamak plasma surrounded by an external shell of finite electrical conductivity. According to conventional theory, the ideal mode can be stabilized by placing the shell sufficiently close to the plasma, but the non-rotating ``resistive shell mode,`` which grows on the characteristic L/R time of the shell, always persists. It is demonstrated, using both analytic and numerical techniques, that a combination of strong edge plasma rotation and dissipation somewhere inside the plasma is capable of stabilizing the resistive shell mode. This stabilization mechanism does not necessarily depend on toroidicity or presence of resonant surfaces inside the plasma.

Fitzpatrick, R.; Aydemir, A.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Diagnostic Case Studies of the Northern Annular Mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent observational studies of the northern annular mode (NAM) indicate that significant case-to-case variability exists in the structural evolution of individual events. In particular, certain NAM events remain confined to stratospheric ...

Robert X. Black; Brent A. McDaniel

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Extracting the Dominant SST Modes Impacting North America's Observed Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The seasonal impacts of the dominant sea surface temperature (SST) modes to North American climate are assessed comprehensively in observations using the multivariate generalized equilibrium feedback assessment (GEFA) method. The GEFA method is ...

Fuyao Wang; Zhengyu Liu; Michael Notaro

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Pacific Decadal Variability: Paced by Rossby Basin Modes?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic study is presented of decadal climate variability in the North Pacific. In particular, the hypothesis is addressed that oceanic Rossby basin modes are responsible for enhanced energy at decadal and bidecadal time scales. To this end, ...

Wilbert Weijer; Ernesto Muñoz; Niklas Schneider; François Primeau

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Annular Modes in the Extratropical Circulation. Part II: Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors exploit the remarkable similarity between recent climate trends and the structure of the “annular modes” in the month-to-month variability (as described in a companion paper) to partition the trends into components linearly congruent ...

David W. J. Thompson; John M. Wallace; Gabriele C. Hegerl

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

The Southern Annular Mode Seen through Weather Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article investigates the prominent features of the Southern Hemisphere (south of 20°S) atmospheric circulation when extracted using EOF analysis and a k-means clustering algorithm. The focus is on the southern annular mode (SAM), the nature ...

Benjamin Pohl; Nicolas Fauchereau

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Summary Report: Control Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proceedings of of the CIBSE National Conference 1994. Vol.Institute of Technology. CIBSE (Chartered Institution ofDesign for Mixed-mode Systems. ” CIBSE/ASHRAE Joint National

Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam; Lee, Yoonsu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Quasi-optical mode converter for high power gyrotron  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gyrotrons are microwave / millimeter wave devices capable to deliver megawatt level continuous power at a frequency range up to 170GHz. The critical design issues for a high power gyrotrons are: (1) Magnetron injection Gun (2) Cavity with proper mode ...

B. K. Shukla; Dhiraj Bora

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Systematic Strategies for Stochastic Mode Reduction in Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic strategy for stochastic mode reduction is applied here to three prototype “toy” models with nonlinear behavior mimicking several features of low-frequency variability in the extratropical atmosphere. Two of the models involve ...

Andrew J. Majda; Ilya Timofeyev; Eric Vanden-Eijnden

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Research of Heat Storage Tank Operation Modes in Cogeneration Plant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The dissertation investigates typical operation modes of the heat storage tank in the small-scale cogeneration (CHP) plant, analyses formation of thermal stratifi-cation in such storage… (more)

Streckien?, Giedr?

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Resonant Continuum Modes in the Eady Model with Rigid Lid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Eady model with rigid upper lid is considered. The resonant, linearly amplifying solution that exists in the situation of neutral normal modes when an infinitely thin potential vorticity (PV) perturbation is located precisely at the steering ...

Johannes Jenkner; Martin Ehrendorfer

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Dissipative trapped electron modes in ell = 2 torsatrons  

SciTech Connect

Trapped electron modes in stellarators can be more unstable than those in tokamaks. They could be easier to detect in a stellarator and may be responsible for anomalous losses in the low collisionality regime. 5 refs., 1 fig.

Carreras, B.A.; Dominguez, N.; Lynch, V.E. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Diamond, P.H. (California Univ., San Diego, CA (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Resolving the Regional Signature of the Annular Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A sector EOF analysis applied to the extratropical tropospheric circulation extracts robust circulation patterns that represent the regional signature of the annular modes. These regional patterns are eastward-propagating, long baroclinic wave ...

Paul J. Kushner; Gabriel Lee

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A Simple Test of the Initialization of Gravity Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The initialization schemes of Machenhauer (1977), Baer and Tribbia (1977), and one requiring the initial second time derivatives of gravity modes to be zero are tested by application to a simple differential equation, which partially simulates ...

Bradley A. Ballish

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

A Sliding Mode Multimodel Control for a Sensorless Photovoltaic System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we will talk about a new control test using the sliding mode control with a nonlinear sliding mode observer, which are very solicited in tracking problems, for a sensorless photovoltaic panel. In this case, the panel system will has as a set point the sun position at every second during the day for a period of five years; then the tracker, using sliding mode multimodel controller and a sliding mode observer, will track these positions to make the sunrays orthogonal to the photovoltaic cell that produces more energy. After sunset, the tracker goes back to the initial position (which of sunrise). Experimental measurements show that this autonomic dual axis Sun Tracker increases the power production by over 40%.

Ahmed Rhif; Zohra Kardous; Naceur BenHadj Braiek

2013-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

163

Intraseasonal Dynamical Evolution of the Northern Annular Mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Northern Hemisphere annular mode (NAM) accounts for a significant fraction of the extratropical wintertime atmospheric variability. The dynamics of NAM events have been studied on monthly time scales, but little is known about the physical ...

Brent A. McDaniel; Robert X. Black

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Organizational Modes of Mesoscale Convective Systems over Central East China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Composite reflectivity Doppler radar data from June to September of 2007–2010 were used to classify mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) over central east China into seven morphologies. The morphologies included one nonlinear mode (NL) and six ...

Linlin Zheng; Jianhua Sun; Xiaoling Zhang; Changhai Liu

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

The quest for solar gravity modes: probing the solar interior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar gravity modes are the best probes to improve our knowledge on the solar interior, as they spend most of their time in the radiative zone, which represents 98% of the solar mass. Many attempts have been led to observe them using different techniques: either individually, then adding some statistical approach or more recently, globally leading to the detection of the signature of asymptotical properties of these modes. Then, several theoretical works have been done to quantify the effect of detecting g-mode on solar modeling and on the rotation profile. We will give here an update on the g-mode detection. Then, we will study an example of a theoretical work showing how their detection would improve our knowledge on the dynamics of the solar core as well as an application on the detection of the global properties to infer some physical inputs in solar models.

Mathur, S

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Multiscale Low-Frequency Circulation Modes in the Global Atmosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, fundamental multiscale circulation modes in the global atmosphere are identified with the objective of providing better understanding of atmospheric low-frequency variabilities over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. With ...

K-M. Lau; P-J. Sheu; I-S. Kang

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Vertical Mode Initialization in a Limited Area Data Assimilation Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A previously reported 9-day limited area data assimilation experiment has been reported, incorporating a recently developed nonlinear vertical mode initialization scheme. It is shown that the initialization scheme significantly reduces surfaces ...

G. A. Mills; J. L. McGregor

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Dual sensitivity mode system for monitoring processes and sensors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for analyzing a source of data. The system and method involves initially training a system using a selected data signal, calculating at least two levels of sensitivity using a pattern recognition methodology, activating a first mode of alarm sensitivity to monitor the data source, activating a second mode of alarm sensitivity to monitor the data source and generating a first alarm signal upon the first mode of sensitivity detecting an alarm condition and a second alarm signal upon the second mode of sensitivity detecting an associated alarm condition. The first alarm condition and second alarm condition can be acted upon by an operator and/or analyzed by a specialist or computer program.

Wilks, Alan D. (Mount Prospect, IL); Wegerich, Stephan W. (Glendale Heights, IL); Gross, Kenneth C. (Bolingbrook, IL)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Passive mode locking of a XeCl laser  

SciTech Connect

Passive mode locking of a 20-ns pulse duration XeCl laser was achieved. A modulation of 90% and less than 2-ns pulses are reported using Coumarin 1 and Auramine-0 dyes as saturable absorbers.

Efthimiopoulos, T.

1984-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

170

Multi mode nano scale Raman echo quantum memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low loss magnetic surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modes characterized by enhanced electrical field component and subwavelength confinement on the dielectric and negative-index metamaterial interface are presented. We demonstrate a possibility of storage and perfect retrieval of the low loss magnetic SPP fields by using a photon echo quantum memory on Raman atomic transition. We describe specific properties of the proposed technique which opens a possibility for efficient nano scale multi-mode quantum memory.

S. A. Moiseev; E. S. Moiseev

2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

171

Surface r Modes and Burst Oscillations of Neutron Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the $r$-modes propagating in steadily mass accreting, nuclear burning, and geometrically thin envelopes on the surface of rotating neutron stars. For the modal analysis, we construct the envelope models which are fully radiaitive or have a convective region. As the angular rotation frequency $\\Omega$ is increased, the oscillation frequency $\\omega$ of the $r$-modes in the thin envelopes deviates appreciably from the asymptotic frequency $\\omega=2m\\Omega/l^\\prime(l^\\prime+1)$ defined in the limit of $\\Omega\\to 0$, where $\\omega$ is the frequency observed in the corotating frame of the star, and $m$ and $l^\\prime$ are the indices of the spherical harmonic function $Y_{l^\\prime}^m$ representing the angular dependence of the modes. We find that the fundamental $r$-modes in the convective models are destabilized by strong nuclear burning in the convective region. Because of excessive heating by nuclear buring, the corotating-frame oscillation frequency $\\omega$ of the $r$-modes in the convective models becomes larger, and hence the inertial-frame oscillation frequency $|\\sigma|$ becomes smaller, than those of the corresopnding $r$-modes in the radiative models, where $\\sigma=\\omega-m\\Omega$ is negative for the $r$-modes of positive $m$. We find that the relative frequency change $f=-(\\sigma_{conv}-\\sigma_{rad})/\\sigma_{rad}$ is always positive and becomes less than $\\sim$0.01 for the fundamental $r$-modes of $l^\\prime>|m|+1$ at $|\\sigma_{rad}|/2\\pi\\sim$300Hz for $m=1$ or at $|\\sigma_{rad}|/2\\pi\\sim$600Hz for $m=2$, where $\\sigma_{conv}$ and $\\sigma_{rad}$ denote the oscillation frequencies for the convective and the radiative envelope models, respectively.

U. Lee

2003-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

172

Kinetic effects on ballooning modes in mirror machines  

SciTech Connect

A general procedure for examining the influence of kinetic effects on the stability of magnetohydrodynamic ballooning modes in mirror machines is presented. In particular, the basic kinetic ballooning mode equation for a nonaxisymmetric, arbitrary beta system with anisotropic pressure is derived. Considering a long-thin equilibrium typical of the tandem mirror, it is shown that this governing eigenmode equation reduces to a simple form independent of wave-particle resonant effects.

Tang, W.M.; Catto, P.J.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Method to calibrate fission chambers in Campbelling mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fission chambers are neutron detectors which are widely used to instrument experimental reactors such as material testing reactors or zero power reactors. In the presence of a high level mixed gamma and neutron flux, fission chambers can be operated in Campbelling mode (also known as 'fluctuation mode' or 'mean square voltage mode') to provide reliable and precise neutron related measurements. Fission chamber calibration in Campbelling mode (in terms of neutron flux) is usually done empirically using a calibrated reference detector. A major drawback of this method is that calibration measurements have to be performed in a neutron environment very similar to the one in which the calibrated detector will be used afterwards. What we propose here is a different approach based on characterizing the fission chamber response in terms of fission rate. This way, the detector calibration coefficient is independent from the neutron spectrum and can be determined prior to the experiment. The fissile deposit response to the neutron spectrum can then be assessed independently by other means (experimental or numerical). In this paper, the response of CEA made miniature fission chambers in Campbelling mode is studied. We use a theoretical model of the signal to calculate the calibration coefficient. Input parameters of the model come from statistical distribution of individual pulses. Supporting measurements have been made in the CEA Cadarache zero power reactor MINERVE. Results are compared to an empirical Campbelling mode calibration.

Benoit Geslot; Troy C. Unruh; Philippe Filliatre; Christian Jammes; Jacques Di Salvo; Stéphane Bréaud; Jean-François Villard

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Perpendicular propagating modes for weakly magnetized relativistic degenerate plasma  

SciTech Connect

Using the Vlasov-Maxwell system of equations, the dispersion relations for the perpendicular propagating modes (i.e., X-mode, O-mode, and upper hybrid mode) are derived for a weakly magnetized relativistic degenerate electron plasma. By using the density (n{sub 0}=p{sub F}{sup 3}/3{pi}{sup 2} Planck-Constant-Over-Two-Pi {sup 3}) and the magnetic field values for different relativistic degenerate environments, the propagation characteristics (i.e., cutoff points, resonances, dispersions, and band widths in k-space) of these modes are examined. It is observed that the relativistic effects suppress the effect of ambient magnetic field and therefore the cutoff and resonance points shift towards the lower frequency regime resulting in enhancement of the propagation domain. The dispersion relations of these modes for the non-relativistic limit (p{sub F}{sup 2} Much-Less-Than m{sub 0}{sup 2}c{sup 2}) and the ultra-relativistic limit (p{sub F}{sup 2} Much-Greater-Than m{sub 0}{sup 2}c{sup 2}) are also presented.

Abbas, Gohar; Bashir, M. F. [Salam Chair in Physics, G. C. University Lahore, Punjab 54000 (Pakistan); Department of Physics, G. C. University Lahore, Punjab 54000 (Pakistan); Murtaza, G. [Salam Chair in Physics, G. C. University Lahore, Punjab 54000 (Pakistan)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

Numerical Solution of the Vertical Structure Equation in the Normal Mode Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a diagnostic study by expanding global data in normal mode functions, Kasahara and Puri found that for zonal wavenumber one, even the seventh vertical mode (the highest mode they presented) contains about 50% of the energy of the external ...

Y. K. Sasaki; L. P. Chang

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Microsoft PowerPoint - 16.0805_Tom Fox [Compatibility Mode] ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

05Tom Fox Compatibility Mode Microsoft PowerPoint - 16.0805Tom Fox Compatibility Mode Microsoft PowerPoint - 16.0805Tom Fox Compatibility Mode More Documents &...

177

HTC Mode on BG/P Systems | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

P compute nodes normally run parallel programs in a mode referred to as High Performance Computing (HPC) Mode. In HPC mode, a physical partition may run only one (1) parallel...

178

Microsoft PowerPoint - 15.1500_Michael Deane [Compatibility Mode...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Compatibility Mode More Documents & Publications Microsoft PowerPoint - 16.0805Tom Fox Compatibility Mode Microsoft PowerPoint - 16.1330Rimando 110316 rev3 Compatibility...

179

Emissions of Criteria Pollutants, Toxic Air Pollutants, and Greenhouse Gases, From the Use of Alternative Transportation Modes and Fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an analysis of the social cost of transportation modes. ForThe full social cost of a transportation mode consists ofof the social cost of alternative transportation modes.

Delucchi, Mark

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Circuit breaker operation and potential failure modes during an earthquake  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study addresses the effect of a strong-motion earthquake on circuit breaker operation. It focuses on the loss of offsite power (LOSP) transient caused by a strong-motion earthquake at the Zion Nuclear Power Plant. This paper also describes the operator action necessary to prevent core melt if the above circuit breaker failure modes occur simultaneously on three 4.16 KV buses. Numerous circuit breakers important to plant safety, such as circuit breakers to diesel generators and engineered safety systems (ESS), must open and/or close during this transient while strong motion is occurring. Potential seismically-induced circuit-breaker failures modes were uncovered while the study was conducted. These failure modes include: circuit breaker fails to close; circuit breaker trips inadvertently; circuit breaker fails to reclose after trip. The causes of these failure modes include: Relay chatter causes the circuit breaker to trip; Relay chatter causes anti-pumping relays to seal-in which prevents automatic closure of circuit breakers; Load sequencer failures. The incorporation of these failure modes as well as other instrumentation and control failures into a limited scope seismic probabilistic risk assessment is also discussed in this paper.

Lambert, H.E.; Budnitz, R.J.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

CRRES observations of ion composition during EMIC mode wave events  

SciTech Connect

EMIC mode waves may play an important role in the dynamics of the growth and loss of the radiation belts. CRRES mission analysis has provided extensive information on the distributions of EMIC mode waves. Less well studied and understood is the role that ion composition plays in the formation of the EMIC mode waves. The CRESS plasma mass spectrometer LOMICS measured all ion species of interest up to 45 keV/q. This preliminary study will examine the characteristics of heavy ions during a multitude of wave events, in particular, the effect of ion composition on wave-particle interactions, amplitude, and frequency. The relevance of such data to the upcoming RBSP mission will be highlighted.

Macdonald, Elizabeth [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Larsen, Brian [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

182

ECE-imaging of the H-mode pedestal (invited)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A synthetic diagnostic has been developed that reproduces the highly structured electron cyclotron emission (ECE) spectrum radiated from the edge region of H-mode discharges. The modeled dependence on local perturbations of the equilibrium plasma pressure allows for interpretation of ECE data for diagnosis of local quantities. Forward modeling of the diagnostic response in this region allows for improved mapping of the observed fluctuations to flux surfaces within the plasma, allowing for the poloidal mode number of coherent structures to be resolved. In addition, other spectral features that are dependent on both T{sub e} and n{sub e} contain information about pedestal structure and the electron energy distribution of localized phenomena, such as edge filaments arising during edge-localized mode (ELM) activity.

Tobias, B. J.; Nazikian, R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Austin, M. E. [University of Texas-Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Boom, J. E.; Classen, I. G. J. [Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (Netherlands); Burrell, K. H.; Snyder, P. B. [General Atomics, P.O.Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186 (United States); Domier, C. W.; Luhmann, N. C. Jr. [University of California-Davis, Davis, California 95616 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

183

Overview of Common Mode Outages in Power Systems  

SciTech Connect

This paper is a result of ongoing activity carried out by Probability Applications for Common Mode Events (PACME) Task Force under the Reliability Risk and Probability Applications (RRPA) Subcommittee. The paper is intended to constitute a valid source of information and references about dealing with common-mode outages in power systems reliability analysis. This effort involves reviewing published literature and presenting state-of-the-art research and practical applications in the area of common-mode outages. Evaluation of available outage statistics show that there is a definite need for collective effort from academia and industry to not only recommended procedures for data collection and monitoring but also to provide appropriate mathematical models to assess such events.

Papic, Milorad; Awodele , Kehinde; Billinton, Roy; Dent, Chris; Eager, Dan; Hamoud, Gomaa; Jirutitijaroen, Panida; Kumbale, Murali; Mitra, Joydeep; Samaan, Nader A.; Schneider, Alex; Singh, Chanan

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

184

Performances of Induction System for Nanosecond Mode Operation  

SciTech Connect

An induction system comprises an array of single turn pulse transformers. Ferromagnetic cores of transformers are toroids that are stacked along the longitudinal core axis. Another name for this array is a fraction transformer or an adder. The primary and secondary windings of such a design have one turn. The step up mode is based on the number of primary pulse sources. The secondary windings are connected in series. Performances of such a system for the nanosecond range mode operation are different in comparison to the performances of traditional multi-turn pulse transformers, which are working on a 100+ nanosecond mode operation. In this paper, the author discusses which aspects are necessary to take into account for the high power nanosecond fractional transformer designs. The engineering method of the nanosecond induction system design is presented.

Krasnykh, Anatoly; /SLAC

2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

185

Reversible Mode Switching in Y coupled Terahertz Lasers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrically independent terahertz (THz) quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) are optically coupled in a Y configuration. Dual frequency, electronically switchable emission is achieved in one QCL using an aperiodic grating, designed using computer-generated hologram techniques, incorporated directly into the QCL waveguide by focussed ion beam milling. Multi-moded emission around 2.9 THz is inhibited, lasing instead occurring at switchable grating-selected frequencies of 2.88 and 2.92 THz. This photonic control and switching behaviour is selectively and reversibly transferred to the second, unmodified QCL via evanescent mode coupling, without the transfer of the inherent grating losses.

Marshall, Owen P; Khairuzzaman, Md; Beere, Harvey E; Ritchie, David A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Quantum parameter estimation using general single-mode Gaussian states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the quantum Cram\\'er--Rao bound for the sensitivity with which one or several parameters, encoded in a general single-mode Gaussian state, can be estimated. This includes in particular the interesting case of mixed Gaussian states. We apply the formula to the problems of estimating phase, purity, loss, amplitude, and squeezing. In the case of the simultaneous measurement of several parameters, we provide the full quantum Fisher information matrix. Our results unify previously known partial results, and constitute a complete solution to the problem of knowing the best possible sensitivity of measurements based on a single-mode Gaussian state.

Olivier Pinel; Pu Jian; Claude Fabre; Nicolas Treps; Daniel Braun

2013-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

187

Solar Cycle Variations of p-Mode Frequencies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations show that the solar p-mode frequencies change with the solar cycle. The horizontal-phase-velocity dependence of the relative frequency change, scaled by mode mass, provides depth information on the perturbation in the solar interior. We find that the smoothed scaled relative frequency change varies along the solar cycle for horizontal phase velocities higher than a critical value, which corresponds to a depth near the base of the convection zone. This phenomenon suggests that the physical conditions in a region near the base of the convection zone change with the solar cycle.

Dean-Yi Chou; Alexander Serebryanskiy

2004-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

188

Electron diamagnetism and toroidal coupling of tearing modes  

SciTech Connect

Using a simple model for the layer of the tearing mode, we demonstrate that toroidally coupled tearing modes with two rational surfaces are most unstable when the ..omega..*'s of the electrons at the rational surfaces are equal. The onset of instability may then occur because of the tuning of ..omega..* rather than the passage of ..delta..'-like quantities through zero. This mechanism for the onset of instability is sharp since the resonance is narrow. The effect of toroidal rotation is also discussed. 7 refs., 2 figs.

Cowley, S.C.; Hastie, R.J.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Wind Turbine Gearbox Failure Modes - A Brief (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind turbine gearboxes are not always meeting 20-year design life. Premature failure of gearboxes increases cost of energy, turbine downtime, unplanned maintenance, gearbox replacement and rebuild, and increased warranty reserves. The problem is widespread, affects most Original Equipment Manufacturers, and is not caused by manufacturing practices. There is a need to improve gearbox reliability and reduce turbine downtime. The topics of this presentation are: GRC (Gearbox Reliability Collaborative) technical approach; Gearbox failure database; Recorded incidents summary; Top failure modes for bearings; Top failure modes for gears; GRC test gearbox; Bearing nomenclature; Test history; Real damage; Gear sets; Bearings; Observations; and Summary. 5 refs.

Sheng, S.; McDade, M.; Errichello, R.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Optimization of beam injection into the first accelerating module at TTF with cavity dipole mode signals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of beam injection into the first accelerating module at TTF with cavity dipole mode signals

Baboi, N; Kreps, G; McCormick, D; Napoly, O; Paparella, R G; Ross, M; Schlarb, H; Smith, T; Wendt, M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Application of mixed mode integration and new implicit inline integration at Toyota  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports results from applying inline integration and mixed mode integration to two real applications

S. Soejima; T. Matsuba

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Stress Induced Degradation Modes in CIGSS Minimodules (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The experimental objectives of this report are: (1) compare the performance of modules exposed to high temperature and humidity; (2) determine the effects of different encapsulants on long term stability of CIGSS modules; and (3) analyze failure modes to determine areas in need of improvement.

Kempe, M. D.; Terwilliger, K.; Tarrant, D.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Spurious Modes in Dirac Calculations and How to Avoid Them  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we consider the problem of the occurrence of spurious modes when computing the eigenvalues of Dirac operators, with the motivation to describe relativistic electrons in an atom or a molecule. We present recent mathematical results which we illustrate by simple numerical experiments. We also discuss open problems.

Lewin, Mathieu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Formal Approaches to Mode Conversion and Positioning for Vehicle System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mode conversion and positioning of the vehicle subsystem of the Communication Based Train Control System (CBTC), need to be safe and reliable, being two critical components. To meet this requirement, we apply formal methods in the design of rail ... Keywords: software engineering, industrial project, CSP, OZ, PAT

Wen Su; Fan Yang; Xiaofeng Wu; Jian Guo; Huibiao Zhu

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Distinguishing Propagating Waves and Standing Modes: An Internal Wave Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines high-frequency (0.1-0.5 cph) internal waves, waves previously characterized by the Garrett and Munk spectral fits (GM72, GM75, GM79) as being vertically symmetric propagating waves (or equivalently “smeared” standing modes—...

M. Benno Blumenthal; Melbourne G. Briscoe

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Propagation of surface hybrid modes on metallic cylindrical nanoshells  

SciTech Connect

Propagation of surface hybrid modes on a system consisting of metal-air-metal cylinder has been investigated theoretically. The effect of increasing the interwall spacing between two metals on plasmon dispersion relation is shown. The dispersion relation can lead to a simple equation for m = 0. Calculations show that the plasmon energy of this structure depends on the interwall spacing between two metals.

Bahari, Ali; Amraie, Elhame [Department of Physics, Lorestan University, Lorestan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Dual-Mode Space-Temporal Simultaneous Processing Equalizer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tapped delayed line adaptive array antenna (TDL-AAA) and a space-temporal simultaneous processing equalizer (ST-SPE) are proposed as simple space-temporal equalizers based on minimum mean square error (MMSE) criterion. The ST-SPE has a compact hardware ... Keywords: MMSE, dual-mode, space-temporal simultaneous processing equalizer

Yoshihiro Ichikawa; Shigeki Obote; Kenichi Kagoshima

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Utilizing WiMAX mesh mode for efficient IPTV transmission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Providing high bit-rates, WiMAX enables IPTV multicasting for several simultaneous broadcasting channels. WiMAX base stations can offer higher capacity to users with better signal quality values, and more robust but lower capacity modulations to users ... Keywords: iptv, mesh mode, multicasting, wimax

Murat Ozyurt; Seckin Ulug; Tuna Tugcu

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

VHISPER: a high speed dual mode VLIW and Superscalar Processor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considerable effort has gone into streamlining the logic in pipelined processors. Further Increases in speed for a pipelined processor will probably come about from. either increasing the pipeline depth, superpipelining or increasing the width of tile datapath or control path. The later can be achieved by either issuing more than one instruction per cycle, Superscalar, or by using a VLIW (Very Long Instruction Word) architecture in which many operations are performed in parallel by a single instruction. To achieve an overall gain in performance, significant increases in speed must be accompanied) by highly utilized resources. Idle resources contribute little to performance while increasing overall system costs and power consumption. As pipeline depth increases, a single instruction stream call riot keep all tile pipeline stages in a processor fully utilized. Control and data dependencies within the instruction stream limit the number of instructions that can be active for a given instruction stream. So better functional utilization can be achieved by using instructions from multiple streams. A new instruction issue scheme using multiple threads is presented for a dual mode processor. VHISPER, VLIW High speed Superscale Processor. The scheme is designed to increase throughout and maintain a fairly resource utilization. A multithread VHISPER architecture is modeled in Verilog and the instruction issue scheme is tested on this model. Obtained results indicate that VHISPER performs 43% better in the VLIW mode than in the 2nd degree Superscalar mode and 25 % better than in the 3rd degree Superscale mode.

Mellacheruvu, Rajesh Kumar

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The mode structure of microcrystal and microdroplet lasers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Planck Institute for Physics of Complex Systems, 1996-1997 The work horse of optics is the ray picture ­ i. The feedback required for lasing is provided by long-lived modes whose emission properties are found to depend are not. The latter exhibit highly anisotropic emission directionality, characteristic spectral line

Nöckelm, Jens

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Nonlinear Normal-Mode Balancing and the Ellipticity Condition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a low-order, spectral, shallow-water model on an f-plane, the conditions under which height-constrained nonlinear normal mode initialization fails and the existence of realizable balancing wind fields are examined. The relationship of this ...

Joseph J. Tribbia

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Optimal control for linear-rate multi-mode systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linear-Rate Multi-Mode Systems is a model that can be seen both as a subclass of switched linear systems with imposed global safety constraints and as hybrid automata with no guards on transitions. We study the existence and design of a controller for ...

Dominik Wojtczak

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Subtropical Mode Water in the 137°E Section  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subtropics mode water (STMW) in the North Pacific Ocean has been investigated based on the data of long-term observations along the 137°E meridian, which have been performed by the Japan Meteorological Agency since 1967 for winter and since ...

Toshio Suga; Kimio Hanawa; Yoshiaki Toba

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Critical {delta}{sup '} for stability of viscoresistive tearing modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analytic expression for the stability threshold of linear tearing modes is derived. The magnetized plasma is described in terms of a standard viscoresistive magnetohydrodynamic model. The analytic derivation requires an extension of the standard layer equation that represents an approximation of the full model in the vicinity of the reconnecting layer. The analytic result is checked against numerical simulations, showing excellent agreement.

Grasso, D.; Hastie, R. J.; Porcelli, F. [Burning Plasma Research Group, Dipartimento di Energetica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino (Italy); Tebaldi, C. [Burning Plasma Research Group, Dipartimento di Energetica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino (Italy); Dipartimento di Matematica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino (Italy)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

205

Parametric abstraction of behavioral modes for model-based diagnosis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present paper we address the problem of automatically abstracting the behavioral modes of system components on the basis of their indiscriminability in a diagnostic setting. Our goal is to abstract the original model in such a way as to provide ... Keywords: Model-based diagnosis, abstraction, model compilation

Gianluca Torta; Pietro Torasso

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Collective modes in the color flavor-locked phase.  

SciTech Connect

We study the low-energy effective action for some collective modes of the color flavor-locked (CFL) phase of QCD. This phase of matter has long been known to be a superfluid because by picking a phase its order parameter breaks the quark-number U(1){sub B} symmetry spontaneously. We consider the modes describing fluctuations in the magnitude of the condensate, namely the Higgs mode, and in the phase of the condensate, namely the Nambu-Goldstone (NG) (or Anderson-Bogoliubov) mode associated with the breaking of U(1){sub B}. By employing as microscopic theory the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model, we reproduce known results for the Lagrangian of the NG field to the leading order in the chemical potential and extend such results evaluating corrections due to the gap parameter. Moreover, we determine the interaction terms between the Higgs and the NG field. This study paves the way for a more reliable study of various dissipative processes in rotating compact stars with a quark matter core in the CFL phase.

Anglani, R.; Mannarelli, M.; Ruggieri, M. (Physics); (Univ. of Barcelona); (Kyoto Univ.); (Italian National Research Council)

2011-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

207

Advanced tokamak operating modes in TPX and ITER  

SciTech Connect

A program is described to develop the advanced tokamak physics required for an economic steady-state fusion reactor on existing (short-pulse) tokamak experiments; to extend these operating modes to long-pulse on TPX; and finally to demonstrate them in a long-pulse D-T plasma on ITER.

Nevins, W.M.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

208

Water-waves modes trapped in a canal by a body with the rough surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem about a body in a three dimensional infinite channel is considered in the framework of the theory of linear water-waves. The body has a rough surface characterized by a small parameter $\\epsilon>0$ while the distance of the body to the water surface is also of order $\\epsilon$. Under a certain symmetry assumption, the accumulation effect for trapped mode frequencies is established, namely, it is proved that, for any given $d>0$ and integer $N>0$, there exists $\\epsilon(d,N)>0$ such that the problem has at least $N$ eigenvalues in the interval $(0,d)$ of the continuous spectrum in the case $\\epsilon\\in(0,\\epsilon(d,N)) $. The corresponding eigenfunctions decay exponentially at infinity, have finite energy, and imply trapped modes.

G. Cardone; T. Durante; S. A. Nazarov

2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

209

Radiation pressure excitation of test mass ultrasonic modes via three mode opto-acoustic interactions in a suspended Fabry-Perot cavity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three-mode parametric-instabilities risk stable operation of gravitational-wave detectors. Instabilities occur through time varying radiation-pressure distributions, derived from beating between two optical modes, exciting mirror acoustic modes in Fabry-Perot cavities. Here we report the first demonstration of radiation-pressure driving of ultrasonic-acoustic modes via pairs of optical modes in gravitational-wave type optical cavities. In this experiment ~0.4W of TEM01 mode and ~1kW of TEM00 mode circulated inside the cavity, an ~181.6kHz excitation was observed with amplitude ~5E-13m. The results verify the driving force term in Braginsky's parametric instability feedback model. The interaction parametric gain was (3.8+/-0.5)E-3 and mass-ratio scaled opto-acoustic overlap 2.7+/-0.4.

Blair, Carl; Zhao, Chunnong; Qi, Fang; Ju, Li; Blair, David

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Measurement of the relative yields of the decay modes $B^0\\to D^- \\pi^+$, $B^0\\to D^- K^+$, $B^0_s \\to D^-_s \\pi^+$, and determination of $f_s/f_d$ for 7~TeV $pp$ collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relative abundances of the three decay modes $B^0\\to D^- K^+$, $B^0\\to D^- \\pi^+$, and $B^0_s \\to D^-_s \\pi^+$ produced in 7~TeV $pp$ collisions at the LHC are determined from data taken during the 2010 running period, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $35$~pb$^{-1}$. From these, the relative branching ratio of $B^0\\to D^- K^+$ with respect to $B^0\\to D^- \\pi^+$ is determined, resulting in $B\\left(B^0\\to D^- K^+\\right) = (2.02 \\pm 0.17^{\\textrm{stat}} \\pm 0.12^{\\textrm{syst}})\\times 10^{-4}$. The ratio of fragmentation fractions $f_s/f_d$~is determined through the relative abundances of $B^0\\to D^- K^+$ and $B^0\\to D^- \\pi^+$ with respect to $B^0_s \\to D^-_s \\pi^+$, leading to $f_s/f_d = 0.245 \\pm 0.017^{\\textrm{stat}} \\pm 0.018^{\\textrm{syst}} \\pm 0.018^{\\textrm{theor}}$.

The LHCb Collaboration

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Spontaneous Fission Modes and Lifetimes of Superheavy Elements in the Nuclear Density Functional Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Background: The reactions with the neutron-rich 48Ca beam and actinide targets resulted in the detection of new superheavy (SH) nuclides with Z=104 118. The unambiguous identification of the new isotopes, however, still poses a problem because their -decay chains terminate by spontaneous fission (SF) before reaching the known region of the nuclear chart. The understanding of the competition between -decay and SF channels in SH nuclei is, therefore, of crucial importance for our ability to map the SH region and to assess its extent. Purpose: We perform self-consistent calculations of the competing decay modes of even-even SH isotopes with 108 Z 126 and 148 N 188. Methods: We use the state-of-the-art computational framework based on self-consistent symmetry-unrestricted nuclear density functional theory capable of describing the competition between nuclear attraction and electrostatic repulsion. We apply the SkM* Skyrme energy density functional. The collective mass tensor of the fissioning superfluid nucleus is computed by means of the cranking approximation to the adiabatic time-dependent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) approach. This paper constitutes a systematic self-consistent study of spontaneous fission in the SH region, carried out at a full HFB level, that simultaneously takes into account both triaxiality and reflection asymmetry. Results: Breaking axial symmetry and parity turns out to be crucial for a realistic estimate of collective action; it results in lowering SF lifetimes by more than 7 orders of magnitude in some cases. We predict two competing SF modes: reflection symmetric modes and reflection asymmetric modes. Conclusions: The shortest-lived SH isotopes decay by SF; they are expected to lie in a narrow corridor formed by 280Hs, 284Fl, and 118284Uuo that separates the regions of SH nuclei synthesized in cold-fusion and hot-fusion reactions. The region of long-lived SH nuclei is expected to be centered on 294Ds with a total half-life of 1.5 days. Our survey provides a solid benchmark for the future improvements of self-consistent SF calculations in the region of SH nuclei.

Staszczak, A, [UTK/ORNL/Inst. Physics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Poland; Baran, A. [UTK/ORNL/Inst. Physics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Poland; Nazarewicz, Witold [UTK/ORNL/University of Warsaw

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

CERTS 2012 Program Review - Mode Meter Development - Ning Zhou, PNNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Presented by: Ning Zhou Presented by: Ning Zhou 1 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory June 12 th , 2012 Washington DC Work Team PNNL team: Ning Zhou Pengwei Du Jim Follum (summer intern) The work under this project closely aligns and collaborates with the research under the TRP project "Measurement Based Stability Assessment" being conducted by: Dan Trudnowski, Montana Tech John Pierre, University of Wyoming Louis Scharf, Colorado State University (Retired) Many graduate students 2 Project Objective: Real Time Mode Identification 3 Goal: Enhance the power system reliability by estimating oscillation modes from PMU data in near real time. Technical Approaches: Modal Analysis from Ringdown Data 4 1. Detect Ringdown 2. Select Channels 3. Modal Analysis

213

Equivalent Effect Function and Fast Intrinsic Mode Decomposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Equivalent Effect Function (EEF) is defined as having the identical integral values on the control points of the original time series data; the EEF can be obtained from the derivative of the spline function passing through the integral values on the control points. By choosing control points with different criteria, the EEF can be used to find the intrinsic mode function(IMF, fluctuation) and the residue (trend); to fit the curve of the original data function; and to take samples on original data with equivalent effect. As examples of application, results of trend and fluctuation on real stock historical data are calculated on different time scales. A new approach to extend the EEF to 2D intrinsic mode decomposition is introduced to resolve the inter slice non continuity problem, some photo image decomposition examples are presented.

Lu, Louis Yu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Preliminary mode distortion measurements on the Jefferson Lab IRFEL  

SciTech Connect

We previously reported analytical calculations of mirror distortion in a high power FEL with a near-concentric cavity. Naive assumptions about the FEL power vs. distortion led us to believe that mirror losses were much lower than expected. Recently we have directly measured the mode size and beam quality as a function of power using a resonator with a center wavelength of 5 microns. The resonator mirrors were calcium fluoride. This material exhibits a large amount of distortion for a given power but, due to the negative slope of refractive index v temperature, adds almost no optical phase distortion on the laser output. The mode in the cavity can thus be directly calculated from the measurements at the resonator output. The presence of angular jitter produced results inconsistent with cold cavity expectations. Removing the effects of the angular jitter produces results in reasonable agreement with analytical models assuming mirror losses comparable to the original expectations.

Stephen V. Benson; Joe Gubeli; Michelle D. Shinn

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Simulations reveal fast mode shocks in magnetic reconnection outflows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnetic reconnection is commonly perceived to drive flow and particle acceleration in flares of solar, stellar, and astrophysical disk coronae but the relative roles of different acceleration mechanisms in a given reconnection environment are not well understood. While outflow fast mode shocks have been predicted analytically, we show for the first time via direct numerical simulations that such shocks do indeed occur in the outflows of fast reconnection when an obstacle is present. These shocks are distinct from the slow mode Petschek inflow shocks. If Fermi acceleration of electrons operates in the weak fast shocks, the associated compression ratios will induce a Fermi acceleration particle spectrum that is significantly steeper than strong fast shocks commonly studied, but consistent with the demands of solar flares. While this is not the only acceleration mechanism operating in a reconnection environment, it is plausibly a ubiquitous one.

Workman, Jared C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, Colorado Mesa University, Grand Junction, Colorado 81501 (United States); Blackman, Eric G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); Ren, Chuang [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

The whistler mode refractive index as a function of gyrofrequency  

SciTech Connect

The refractive index for a constant-frequency whistler mode wave in an electron-proton plasma is considered as a function of position, through the local gyrofrequencies {Omega}{sub e,i}. The full cold plasma dispersion relation is used. The wave frequency can take any value up to the smaller of {Omega}{sub e} and the plasma frequency {omega}{sub pe}, but {omega}{sub pe} is allowed to take any fixed value, as is the wavenormal angle. It is rigorously established that the refractive index is a decreasing function of {Omega}{sub e}. One application of this is to finding locations of Landau and cyclotron resonances, to evaluate the effects of whistler mode waves on radiation belt electrons.

Albert, J. M. [Air Force Research Laboratory/RVBX, Kirtland AFB, New Mexico 87117 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

Active/passive mode-locked laser oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Q-switched/mode-locked Nd:YAG laser oscillator employing simultaneous active (electro-optic) and passive (saturable absorber) loss modulation within the optical cavity is described. This "dual modulation" oscillator can produce transform-limited pulses of duration ranging from about 30 psec to about 5 nsec with greatly improved stability compared to other mode-locked systems. The pulses produced by this system lack intrapulse frequency or amplitude modulation, and hence are idealy suited for amplification to high energies and for other applications where well-defined pulses are required. Also, the pulses of this system have excellent interpulse characteristics, wherein the optical noise between the individual pulses of the pulse train has a power level well below the power of the peak pulse of the train.

Fountain, William D. (Fremont, CA); Johnson, Bertram C. (Palo Alto, CA)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Mode Conversion Heating Scenarios for the National Compact Stellarator Experiment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Radio-frequency heating scenarios for the National Compact Stellarator eXperiment (NCSX) are considered. The focus here is on mode conversion from the fast to the slow ion Bernstein wave as either an electron or ''bulk'' ion heating technique, using a high-field side launch to directly access the ion-ion hybrid layer. Modeling for the planned parameters of NCSX [R(subscript ave) {approximately} 1.4 m, a(subscript ave) {approximately} 0.4 m, B(subscript T)(0) {approximately} 1.2-2 T, n(subscript e)(0) {approximately} 2-5 x 10(superscript19) m(superscript -3), T(subscript e)(0) {approximately} T(subscript i)(0) {approximately} 1-2 keV] for mode conversion in D-H and D-3He plasmas is presented. Possible types of high-field side antennas are also briefly discussed.

Majeski, R.; Wilson, J.R.; and Zarnstorff, M.

2001-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

219

EFFECTS OF ASYMMETRIC FLOWS IN SOLAR CONVECTION ON OSCILLATION MODES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many helioseismic measurements suffer from substantial systematic errors. A particularly frustrating one is that time-distance measurements suffer from a large center to limb effect which looks very similar to the finite light travel time, except that the magnitude depends on the observable used and can have the opposite sign. This has frustrated attempts to determine the deep meridional flow in the solar convection zone, with Zhao et al. applying an ad hoc correction with little physical basis to correct the data. In this Letter, we propose that part of this effect can be explained by the highly asymmetrical nature of the solar granulation which results in what appears to the oscillation modes as a net radial flow, thereby imparting a phase shift on the modes as a function of observing height and thus heliocentric angle.

Baldner, Charles S.; Schou, Jesper, E-mail: baldner@stanford.edu [W.W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-4085 (United States)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

220

Operating Modes of a Teeter-Rotor Wind Turbine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We examine the operating modes of a two-bladed teetered wind turbine. Because of the gyroscopic asymmetry of its rotor, this turbine's dynamics can be quite distinct from those of a turbine with three or more blades. This asymmetry leads to system equations with periodic coefficients that are solved using the Floquet approach to extract the correct modal parameters. The system equations are derived using a simple analytical model with four degrees of freedom: cacelle yaw, rotor teeter, and flapping associated with each blade. Results confirm that the turbine modes become more dominated by the centrifugal and gyroscopic effects as the rotor speed increases. They gyroscopic effect may also cause dynamic instability. Under certain design conditions, yaw and teeter modal frequencies may coalesce.

Bir, G. S. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory); Stol, K. (University of Colorado at Boulder)

1999-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

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221

Examination of insulation wear modes in geothermal logging cables  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The wear mode of the Tetrafluorethylene (TFE) insulation used on an electrical logging cable is described. The cable examined in this study was used repeatedly in various harsh geothermal environments. Considering the amount of abuse the cable was subjected to, the TFE performed very well. Grooves were formed on the outside of the insulation as a result of the fluid pressure and the loading from the inner layer of metal armor. Also, indentations on the inside of the insulation were caused by the insulation molding to the conductor strands. If this mode of wear were to continue, the conductors would eventually protrude from the insulation and short out against each other or the cable armor. 4 refs., 5 figs.

Grant, T.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Optical pumping in a whispering-mode optical waveguide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device and method for optical pumping in a whispering mode optical waveguide are described. Both a helical ribbon and cylinder are disclosed which incorporate an additional curvature for confining the beam to increase intensity. An optical pumping medium is disposed in the optical path of the beam as it propagates along the waveguide. Optical pumping is enhanced by the high intensities of the beam and long interaction path lengths which are achieved in a small volume.

Kurnit, N.A.

1981-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

223

How do f-mode Frequencies Change with Solar Radius?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We test the relation between relative f-mode frequency variation and Lagrangian perturbation in the solar radius obtained by Dziembowski and Goode (2004) using several pairs of solar models and show that it doesn't hold true for any of the model pairs we have used. We attempt to derive a better approximation for the kernel linking the relative frequency changes and the solar radius variation in the subsurface layers

Chatterjee, Piyali

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Energy of eigen-modes in magnetohydrodynamic flows of ideal fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analytical expression for energy of eigen-modes in magnetohydrodynamic flows of ideal fluids is obtained. It is shown that the energy of unstable modes is zero, while the energy of stable oscillatory modes (waves) can assume both positive and negative values. Negative energy waves always correspond to non-symmetric eigen-modes -- modes that have a component of wave-vector along the equilibrium velocity. These results suggest that all non-symmetric instabilities in ideal MHD systems with flows are associated with coupling of positive and negative energy waves. As an example the energy of eigen-modes is calculated for incompressible conducting fluid rotating in axial magnetic field.

I. V. Khalzov; A. I. Smolyakov; V. I. Ilgisonis

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

225

CMR Shuffler System: Passive Mode Calibration and Certification Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory has a number of spherical confinement vessels (CVs) remaining from tests involving nuclear materials. These vessels have an inner diameter of 6 feet with 1 to 2 inch thick steel walls. The goal of the Confinement Vessel Disposition (CVD) project is to remove debris and reduce contamination inside the vessels. As debris is removed from the vessels, material will be placed in waste drums. Far-field gamma ray assay will be used to determine when a drum is nearing a {sup 239}Pu equivalent mass of less than 200 g. The drum will then be assayed using a waste drum shuffler operated in passive mode using a neutron coincidence counting method for accountability. This report focuses on the testing and calibration of the CMR waste drum shuffler in passive mode operation. Initial testing was performed to confirm previously accepted measurement parameters. The system was then calibrated using a set of weapons grade Pu (WGPu, {sup 239}Pu > 93%) oxide standards placed inside a 55 gallon drum. The calibration data ranges from Pu mass of 0.5 g to 188.9 g. The CMR waste drum shuffler has been tested and calibrated in passive mode in preparation for safeguards accountability measurements of waste drums containing material removed from CVs for the CVD project.

Frame, Katherine C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gomez, Cipriano D. [Retired CMR-OPS: OPERATIONS; Salazar, William R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mayo, Douglas R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Vigil, Georgiana M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Crooks, William J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stange, Sy [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

226

Prufer Transformations for the Normal Modes in Ocean Acoustics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1926 Prufer introduced a method of transforming the second order Sturm-Liouville (SL) equation into two nonlinear first order differential equations for the phase oe and ''magnitude'', |oe{sup 2}+oe{sup 2}| for a Poincare phase space representation, (oe,oe). The useful property is the phase equation decouples from the magnitude one which leads to a nonlinear, two point boundary value problem for the eigenvalues, or SL numbers. The transformation has been used both theoretically, e.g. Atkinson, [1960] to prove certain properties of SL equations as well as numerically e.g Bailey [1978]. This paper examines the utility of the Prufer transformation in the context of numerical solutions for modes of the ocean acoustic wave equation. (Its use is certainly not well known in the ocean acoustics community.) Equations for the phase, oe, and natural logarithm of the ''magnitude'', ln(|oe{sup 2}+oe{sup 2}|) lead to same decoupling and a fast and efficient numerical solution with the SL eigenvalues mapping to the horizontal wavenubers. The Prufer transformation has stabilty problems for low order modes at high frequecies, so a numerically stable method of integrating the phase equation is derived. This seems to be the first time the these stability issues have been highlighted to provide a robust algorthim for the modes.

Baggeroer, Arthur B. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

2010-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

227

Time-Mode Analog Circuit Design for Nanometric Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rapid scaling in technology has introduced new challenges in the realm of traditional analog design. Scaling of supply voltage directly impacts the available voltage-dynamic-range. On the other hand, nanometric technologies with fT in the hundreds of GHz range open opportunities for time-resolution-based signal processing. With reduced available voltage-dynamic-range and improved timing resolution, it is more convenient to devise analog circuits whose performance depends on edge-timing precision rather than voltage levels. Thus, instead of representing the data/information in the voltage-mode, as a difference between two node voltages, it should be represented in time-mode as a time-difference between two rising and/or falling edges. This dissertation addresses the feasibility of employing time-mode analog circuit design in different applications. Specifically: 1) Time-mode-based quanitzer and feedback DAC of SigmaDelta ADC. 2) Time-mode-based low-THD 10MHz oscillator, 3) A Spur-Frequency Boosting PLL with -74dBc Reference-Spur Rejection in 90nm Digital CMOS. In the first project, a new architectural solution is proposed to replace the DAC and the quantizer by a Time-to-Digital converter. The architecture has been fabricated in 65nm and shows that this technology node is capable of achieving a time-matching of 800fs which has never been reported. In addition, a competitive figure-of-merit is achieved. In the low-THD oscillator, I proposed a new architectural solution for synthesizing a highly-linear sinusoidal signal using a novel harmonic rejection approach. The chip is fabricated in 130nm technology and shows an outstanding performance compared to the state of the art. The designed consumes 80% less power; consumes less area; provides much higher amplitude while being composed of purely digital circuits and passive elements. Last but not least, the spur-frequency boosting PLL employs a novel technique that eliminates the reference spurs. Instead of adding additional filtering at the reference frequency, the spur frequency is boosted to higher frequency which is, naturally, has higher filtering effects. The prototype is fabricated in 90nm digital CMOS and proved to provide the lowest normalized reference spurs ever reported.

Elsayed, Mohamed

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

LONG-TERM MONITORING OF MODE SWITCHING FOR PSR B0329+54  

SciTech Connect

The mode-switching phenomenon of PSR B0329+54 is investigated based on the long-term monitoring from 2003 September to 2009 April made with the Urumqi 25 m radio telescope at 1540 MHz. At that frequency, the change of relative intensity between the leading and trailing components is the predominant feature of mode switching. The intensity ratios between the leading and trailing components are measured for the individual profiles averaged over a few minutes. It is found that the ratios follow normal distributions, where the abnormal mode has a greater typical width than the normal mode, indicating that the abnormal mode is less stable than the normal mode. Our data show that 84.9% of the time for PSR B0329+54 was in the normal mode and 15.1% was in the abnormal mode. From the two passages of eight-day quasi-continuous observations in 2004, supplemented by the daily data observed with the 15 m telescope at 610 MHz at Jodrell Bank Observatory, the intrinsic distributions of mode timescales are constrained with the Bayesian inference method. It is found that the gamma distribution with the shape parameter slightly smaller than 1 is favored over the normal, log-normal, and Pareto distributions. The optimal scale parameters of the gamma distribution are 31.5 minutes for the abnormal mode and 154 minutes for the normal mode. The shape parameters have very similar values, i.e., 0.75{sup +0.22}{sub -0.17} for the normal mode and 0.84{sup +0.28}{sub -0.22} for the abnormal mode, indicating that the physical mechanisms in both modes may be the same. No long-term modulation of the relative intensity ratios was found for either mode, suggesting that the mode switching was stable. The intrinsic timescale distributions, constrained for this pulsar for the first time, provide valuable information to understand the physics of mode switching.

Chen, J. L.; Wang, N.; Liu, Z. Y.; Yuan, J. P. [Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory, 150, Science-1 Street, Urumqi, Xinjiang, 830011 (China); Wang, H. G. [Center for Astrophysics, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006 (China); Lyne, A. [University of Manchester, Jodrell Bank (United Kingdom); Jessner, A.; Kramer, M., E-mail: hgwang@gzhu.edu.cn [Max-Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy, Bonn 53121 (Germany)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Electron cyclotron maser emission mode coupling to the z-mode on a longitudinal density gradient in the context of solar type III bursts  

SciTech Connect

A beam of super-thermal, hot electrons was injected into maxwellian plasma with a density gradient along a magnetic field line. 1.5D particle-in-cell simulations were carried out which established that the EM emission is produced by the perpendicular component of the beam injection momentum. The beam has a positive slope in the distribution function in perpendicular momentum phase space, which is the characteristic feature of a cyclotron maser. The cyclotron maser in the overdense plasma generates emission at the electron cyclotron frequency. The frequencies of generated waves were too low to propagate away from the injection region, hence the wavelet transform shows a pulsating wave generation and decay process. The intensity pulsation frequency is twice the relativistic cyclotron frequency. Eventually, a stable wave packet formed and could mode couple on the density gradient to reach frequencies of the order of the plasma frequency that allowed for propagation. The emitted wave is likely to be a z-mode wave. The total electromagnetic energy generated is of the order of 0.1% of the initial beam kinetic energy. The proposed mechanism is of relevance to solar type III radio bursts, as well as other situations, when the injected electron beam has a non-zero perpendicular momentum, e.g., magnetron.

Pechhacker, R.; Tsiklauri, D. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

Gating A 911 with a 412 using Mode 1 in Recycle Mode John Wertenbaker 5/8/07  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is in Mode 1. The intent of this is to output 25 pulses, 100uSec apart. In reality, though, there will be a 5uSec interval between the pulse at address 4 and the next pulse at address 0. Not only does an interval between CE pulses of at least 50uSec. If it is clocked any faster than that, it will ignore

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

231

The Pacific–South American Modes and Tropical Convection during the Southern Hemisphere Winter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric circulation features and convection patterns associated with two leading low-frequency modes in the Southern Hemisphere (SH) are examined in multiyear global reanalyses produced by NCEP–NCAR and NASA–DAO. The two leading modes, ...

Kingtse C. Mo; R. Wayne Higgins

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Modes of Interannual Variability of the Southern Hemisphere Circulation Simulated by the CSIRO Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the capability of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) climate model in simulating the observed modes of interannual variability of the Southern Hemisphere circulation. Modes of variability ...

Wenju Cai; Ian G. Watterson

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Study of H-mode access conditions on the Alcator C-Mod Tokamak  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Usually when sufficient heating power is injected, tokamak plasma will make an abrupt transition into a state with improved confinement, known as the high-confinement mode, or H-mode. Given the greatly enhanced fusion ...

Ma, Yunxing

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Shallow Pycnoclines and Mode Water Subduction in the Eastern North Atlantic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Lagrangian one-dimensional model is used to study the subduction of Subpolar Mode Water in the eastern North Atlantic and to analyze recently observed hydrological features related to this process. Considering a southward moving column of mode ...

Jérôme Paillet; Michel Arhan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Formation and Circulation of Mode Waters of the North Pacific in a High-Resolution GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Formation and circulation of mode waters in the subtropical North Pacific are investigated by performing a numerical simulation with a high-resolution general circulation model. In the model, important features for forming mode waters, such as ...

Hiroyuki Tsujino; Tamaki Yasuda

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

How Well Do Climate Models Reproduce North Atlantic Subtropical Mode Water?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Formation and the subsequent evolution of the subtropical mode water (STMW) involve various dynamic and thermodynamic processes. Proper representation of mode water variability and contributions from various processes in climate models is ...

Shenfu Dong; Kathryn A. Kelly

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Modes and Mechanisms of Global Water Vapor Variability over the Twentieth Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The modes and mechanisms of the annual water vapor variations over the twentieth century are investigated based on a newly developed twentieth-century atmospheric reanalysis product. It is found that the leading modes of global water vapor ...

Liping Zhang; Lixin Wu; Bolan Gan

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Tornado Probability of Detection and Lead Time as a Function of Convective Mode and Environmental Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our ability to provide advanced warning on tornadoes can be impacted by variations in storm mode. This research evaluates two years of National Weather Service (NWS) tornado warnings, verification reports, and radar-derived convective modes to ...

Jerald A. Brotzge; Steven E. Nelson; Richard L. Thompson; Bryan T. Smith

239

Occupant Response to Window Control Signaling Systems; Appendix C: Mixed-mode Signal Case Study Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cooling mode is initiated, the VRF will cool to 2° below thevariable refrigerant flow (VRF) units for cooling andTo minimize the operation of the VRF system in cooling mode,

Ackerly, Katie; Brager, Gail

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Efficient electron injection into plasma waves using higher-order laser modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

waves using higher-order laser modes P. Michel, E. Esarey, ?higher-order transverse laser modes as drivers for plasmaparticu- lar, using a ring laser beam with maximum intensity

Michel, P.; Esarey, E.; Schroeder, C.B.; Shadwick, B.A.; Leemans, W.P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

New Double-Mode and Other RR Lyrae Stars from WASP Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

42 RRab, 46 RRc and 7 previously unidentified double-mode RR Lyrae stars were found in the publicly available data of the WASP archive. The Galactic double-mode RR Lyrae stars appear to show a bimodal period distribution.

Wils, Patrick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

How Well Do Climate Models Reproduce North Atlantic Subtropical Mode Water?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Formation and the subsequent evolution of the Subtropical Mode Water (STMW) involve various dynamic and thermodynamic processes. Proper representation of mode water variability and contributions from various processes in climate models is ...

Shenfu Dong; Kathryn A. Kelly

243

Global Normal-Mode Rossby Waves Observed in Stratospheric Ozone Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Westward-propagating Rossby normal-mode planetary waves are documented in stratospheric ozone data using Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SBUV) satellite measurements. These modes are evidenced by enhanced spectral power and near-global coherence ...

William J. Randel

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Analogous Pacific and Atlantic Meridional Modes of Tropical Atmosphere–Ocean Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From observational analysis a Pacific mode of variability in the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ)/cold tongue region is identified that possesses characteristics and interpretation similar to the dominant “meridional” mode of interannual–...

John C. H. Chiang; Daniel J. Vimont

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Modeling streamers in transformer oil: The transitional fast 3rd mode streamer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an electro-thermal hydrodynamic model that explains the development of different streamer modes in transformer oil. The focus is on the difference between the slow 2nd and fast 3rd mode streamers ...

Zahn, Markus

246

Tornado Probability of Detection and Lead Time as a Function of Convective Mode and Environmental Parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability to provide advanced warning on tornadoes can be impacted by variations in storm mode. This research evaluates 2 yr of National Weather Service (NWS) tornado warnings, verification reports, and radar-derived convective modes to appraise ...

Jerald A. Brotzge; Steven E. Nelson; Richard L. Thompson; Bryan T. Smith

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Assessment of Aerosol Modes Used in the MODIS Ocean Aerosol Retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coastal and island Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) sites are used to determine characteristic aerosol modes over marine environments. They are compared with the assumed modes used in the operational Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (...

Jiacheng Wang; Qiang Zhao; Shengcheng Cui; Chengjie Zhu

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Southern Hemisphere Annular Mode Variability and the Role of Optimal Nonmodal Growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The southern annular mode is the leading mode of Southern Hemisphere circulation variability, the temporal evolution of which is characterized by large amplitudes and significant persistence. Previous investigators have suggested a positive ...

Harun A. Rashid; Ian Simmonds

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Unstable and Damped Equatorial Modes in Simple Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Free equatorial modes for several simple coupled ocean-atmosphere models are determined. They are found to include unstable and damped modes of large zonal scale and long period. The influence of ocean thermo-dynamics on unstable modal behavior ...

Anthony C. Hirst

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Highly sensitive wide-dynamic range optical burst-mode receivers for ultra fast gain switching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highly sensitive optical receivers in BiCMOS, sub-micron and deep-sub-micron CMOS technology are compared. Special attention is paid to burst-mode receivers with a wide-dynamic input range and with fast gain switching. A new burst-mode receiver design ... Keywords: Burst-mode receivers, Low noise, Optical receivers, Stability

K. Schneider; H. Zimmermann

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Sampled-data IIR filtering via time-mode signal processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, the design of sampled-data infinite impulse response (IIR) filters based on time-mode signal processing (TMSP) circuits is presented. Time-mode signal processing, defined as the processing of sampled analog information using time-difference ... Keywords: Filtering, Infinite impulse response, Sampled-data, Time-mode signal processing

Michael M. Guttman; Gordon W. Roberts

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Technical Communique: Output overshoots in systems with integral action operating in sliding mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the pole assignment technique in systems with integral action and sliding mode control. It is known that, because of the order reduction provided by the sliding mode, one gain of the sliding surface that determines the pole placement ... Keywords: Integral action, Pole assignment, Reset wind up, Sliding mode, Variable structure control

R. J. Mantz; P. F. Puleston; H. De Battista

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Electromagnetic vacuum energy for two parallel slabs in terms of surface, wave guide and photonic modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The formulation of the Lisfshitz formula in terms of real frequencies is reconsidered for half spaces described by the plasma model. It is shown that besides the surface modes (for the TM polarization), and the photonic modes, also waveguide modes must be considered.

Bordag, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Electromagnetic vacuum energy for two parallel slabs in terms of surface, wave guide and photonic modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The formulation of the Lifshitz formula in terms of real frequencies is reconsidered for half spaces described by the plasma model. It is shown that besides the surface modes (for the TM polarization), and the photonic modes, also waveguide modes must be considered.

M. Bordag

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

255

Current mode instrumentation amplifier with rail-to-rail input and output  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Current Mode Instrumentation Amplifier with rail-to-rail input and output is presented. It is based on constant gm input stages, and cascode output stages. Although this CMIA structure has a good Input Common Mode Voltage, it suffers from a poor output ... Keywords: analog integrated circuits, current mode instrumentation amplifier, rail-to-rail input and output

Filipe Costa Beber Vieira; Cesar Augusto Prior; Cesar Ramos Rodrigues; Leonardo Perin; Joao Baptista dos Santos Martins

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Investigation of ELM [edge localized mode] Dynamics with the Resonant Magnetic Perturbation Effects  

SciTech Connect

Topics covered are: anomalous transport and E Ã? B flow shear effects in the H-mode pedestal; RMP (resonant magnetic perturbation) effects in NSTX discharges; development of a scaling of H-mode pedestal in tokamak plasmas with type I ELMs (edge localized modes); and divertor heat load studies.

Alexei Y. Pankin; Arnold H. Kritz

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

257

Saturation of the lower-hybrid-drift instability by mode coupling  

SciTech Connect

A nonlinear mode-coupling theory of the lower-hybrid-drift instability is presented. It is found that the instability saturates by transferring energy from the growing, long wavelength modes to the damped, short wavelength modes. The saturation energy, mean square of the potential fluctuations, and diffusion coefficient are calculated self-consistently.

Drake, J.F.; Guzdar, P.N.; Huba, J.D.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Active control of the resistive wall mode with power saturation  

SciTech Connect

An analytic model of non-linear feedback stabilization of the resistive wall mode is presented. The non-linearity comes from either the current or the voltage saturation of the control coil power supply. For the so-called flux-to-current control, the current saturation of active coils always results in the loss of control. On the contrary, the flux-to-voltage control scheme tolerates certain degree of the voltage saturation. The minimal voltage limit is calculated, below which the control will be lost.

Li Li; Liu Yue [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024 (China); Liu Yueqiang [Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

New modes of particle accelerations techniques and sources. Formal report  

SciTech Connect

This Report includes copies of transparencies and notes from the presentations made at the Symposium on New Modes of Particle Accelerations - Techniques and Sources, August 19-23, 1996 at the Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara California, that was made available by the authors. Editing, reduction and changes to the authors contributions were made only to fulfill the printing and publication requirements. We would like to take this opportunity and thank the speakers for their informative presentations and for providing copies of their transparencies and notes for inclusion in this Report.

Parsa, Z. [ed.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

260

Exotic modes of excitation in deformed neutron-rich nuclei  

SciTech Connect

Low-lying dipole excitation mode in neutron-rich Mg isotopes close to the drip line is investigated in the framework of the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov and the quasiparticle random-phase approximation employing the Skyrme and the pairing energy-density functionals. It is found that the low-lying dipole-strength distribution splits into the K{sup {pi}} = 0{sup -} and 1{sup -} components due to the nuclear deformation. The low-lying dipole strength increases as the neutron drip-line is approached.

Yoshida, Kenichi [RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Bounded modes to the rescue of optical transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a brief survey of the evolution of knowledge about diffraction gratings. After recalling some basic facts, historically and physically, we introduce the concept of Wood anomalies. Next, we present some recent works in order to introduce the role of bounded modes in transmission gratings. The consequences of these recent results are then introduced. This paper is a secondary publication, published in Europhysics News (EPN 38, 3 (2007) 27-31). In the present version, some additional notes have been added with related references.

Michael Sarrazin; Jean Pol Vigneron

2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

262

Improved Spatial Resolution For Reflection Mode Infrared Spectromicroscopy  

SciTech Connect

Standard commercial infrared microscopes operating in reflection mode use a mirror to direct the reflected light from the sample to the detector. This mirror blocks about half of the incident light, however, and thus degrades the spatial resolution by reducing the numerical aperture of the objective. Here, we replace the mirror with a 50% beamsplitter to allow full illumination of the objective and retain a way to direct the reflected light to the detector. The improved spatial resolution is demonstrated using a microscope coupled to a synchrotron source.

Bechtel, Hans A; Martin, Michael C.; May, T. E.; Lerch, Philippe

2009-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

263

Super-light electromagnetic wave with longitudinal and transversal modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transformation converting equations invariant under Lorentz into the equations invariant under Galileo is obtained. On this basis: (1) the super-light electromagnetic wave with longitudinal and transversal modes is found out; (2) it is shown the wave velocity coincides with that of de Broglie's wave; (3) the connection between Maxwell's electrodynamics and Shredinger's equation is established; (4) structural elements of space are discovered and "a horizon of visibility" is found. It is shown Bell's inequalities and the principle of the light speed constancy are based on the SRT artifact and "Einstein's local realism" is determined by the wave referred above. Objectivity of results for quantum and classical objects is discussed

M. M. Kononenko

2007-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

264

Entanglement of Pure Two-Mode Gaussian States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The entanglement of general pure Gaussian two-mode states is examined in terms of the coefficients of the quadrature components of the wavefunction. The entanglement criterion and the entanglement of formation are directly evaluated as a function of these coefficients, without the need for deriving local unitary transformations. These reproduce the results of other methods for the special case of symmetric pure states which employ a relation between squeezed states and Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen correlations. The modification of the quadrature coefficients and the corresponding entanglement due to application of various optical elements is also derived.

R. W. Rendell; A. K. Rajagopal

2005-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

265

Structure and marker mode of the primary electron donor state absorption of photosynthetic bacteria: Hole-burned spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structured photochemical hole-burned spectra are presented for P870 and P960 of the reaction centers (RC) of Rhodobacter sphaeroides and Rhodopseudomonas viridis. A special pair marker mode Franck-Condon progression is identified. The zero-phonon holes yield P870* and P960* decay times in good agreement with the time domain values. Site excitation energy selection is used to establish correlation between a higher energy RC state of Rps. viridis and P960*.

Johnson, S.G.; Tang, D.; Jankowiak, R.; Hayes, J.M.; Small, G.J. (Iowa State Univ., Ames (USA)); Tiede, D.M. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA))

1989-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

266

Fast-Particle-Driven Alfvenic Modes in a Reversed Field Pinch  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alfvenic modes are observed due to neutral beam injection for the first time in a reversed field pinch plasma. Modeling of the beam deposition and slowing down shows that the velocity and radial localization are high. This allows instability drive from inverse Landau damping of a bump-on-tail in the parallel distribution function or from free energy in the fast ion density gradient. Mode switching from a lower frequency toroidal mode number n = 5 mode that scales with beam injection velocity to a higher frequency n = 4 mode with Alfvenic scaling is observed.

Koliner, J. J. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Forest, C. B. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Sarff, J. S. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Anderson, J. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Liu, D [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Nomberg, M. D. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Waksman, J. [University of Wisconsin, Madison; Lin, L. [University of California, Los Angeles; Brower, D. L. [University of California, Los Angeles; Ding, W. X. [University of California, Los Angeles; Spong, Donald A [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Harmonic launching of ion Bernstein waves via mode transformation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ion Bernstein wave excitation and propagation via finite ion-Larmor-radium mode-transformation are investigated theoretically and experimentally. It is shown that in the ion cyclotron range of frequencies omega less than or equal to 4..cap omega../sub i/, with modest ion temperatures (T/sub i/ less than or equal to 10 eV), the finite-Larmor-radius effect removes the wave singularity at lower-hybrid resonance layer, enabling an externally initiated electron plasma wave to transform continuously into an ion Bernstein wave. In an ACT-1 hydrogen plasma (T/sub e/ approx. = 2.5 eV, T/sub i/ less than or equal to 2.0 eV), externally excited ion Bernstein waves have been observed for omega less than or equal to 2..cap omega../sub i/ as well as for omega less than or equal to 3..cap omega../sub i/. The finite ion-Larmor-radius mode transformation process resulting in strong ion Bernstein wave excitation has been experimentally verified. Detailed measurements of the wave dispersion relation and of the wave-packet trajectory show excellent agreement with theory. The dependence of the excited ion Bernstein wave on the antenna phasing, the plasma density, and on the neutral pressure (T/sub i/) is also investigated.

Ono, M.; Wong, K.L.; Wurden, G.A.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Resistive Wall Mode Stabilization Studies at DIII-D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effort to understand the physics of the resistive wall mode (RWM) and develop methods to control this magnetohydrodynamic mode to allow achievement of higher pressure in advanced tokamak plasmas has been an example of successful multi-institutional collaboration at the DIII-D National Fusion Facility in San Diego, California. DIII-D research in this area has produced several advances and breakthroughs following a coordinated research plan involving a sequence of measurements, development of new analysis tools, and the installation of new diagnostic and feedback stabilization hardware: Suppression of the RWM by active magnetic feedback has been demonstrated using the DIII-D six-element error field correction coil, rotational stabilization of the RWM has been demonstrated and sustained for all values of the plasma pressure from the no-wall to the ideal-wall stability limits, improved RWM feedback stabilization has been shown using a new set of 12 internal control coils, and newly developed models of feedback have shown good agreement with the measurements. By so doing, the DIII-D work on RWM stabilization has become a cornerstone of the long-term advanced tokamak program and is having impact on the world fusion program. Presently both ITER and FIRE are including plans for RWM stabilization in their programs.

Garofalo, A.M. [Columbia University (United States)

2005-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

Concentric core optical fiber with multiple-mode signal transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A concentric core optical fiber provides for the simultaneous but independent transmission of signals over a single optical fiber. The concentric optical fiber is constructed of a single-mode or multimode inner optical fiber defined by a core and a cladding of a lower index of refraction than the core and an outer optical fiber defined by additional cladding concentrically disposed around the cladding and of an index of refraction lower than the first mentioned cladding whereby the latter functions as the core of the outer optical fiber. By employing such an optical fiber construction with a single-mode inner core or optical fiber, highly sensitive interferometric and stable less sensitive amplitude based sensors can be placed along the same length of a concentric core optical fiber. Also, by employing the concentric core optical fiber secure telecommunications can be achieved via the inner optical fiber since an intrusion of the concentric optical fiber will first cause a variation in the light being transmitted through the outer optical fiber and this variation of light being used to trigger a suitable alarm indicative of the intrusion. 3 figs.

Muhs, J.D.

1997-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

270

XMM-Newton timing mode observations of Mrk 421  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of a detailed temporal analysis of the bright BL Lac object Mrk 421 using the three available long timing mode observations by the EPIC PN camera. This detector mode is characterized by its long life time and is largely free of photon pile-up problems. The source was found in different intensity and variability states differing by up to more than a factor of three in count rate. A time resolved cross correlation analysis between the soft and hard energy bands revealed that the characteristics of the correlated emission, with lags of both signs, change on time scales of a few thousand seconds. Individual spectra, resolved on time scales of a few hundread seconds, can be quite well fitted by a broken power law. We find significant spectral variations on time scales as short as 500-1000 sec. Both the hard and the soft band spectral indices show a non-linear correlation with the source flux. A comparison of the observed light curves with numerical results from relativistic hydrodynamic computer simulations of the currently favored shock-in-jet models indicates that any determination of the jet's physical parameters from `simple' emission models must be regarded with caution: at any time we are seeing the emission from several emission regions distinct in space and time, which are connected by the complex hydrodynamic evolution of the non-uniform jet.

W. Brinkmann; I. E. Papadakis; C. Raeth; P. Mimica; F. Haberl

2005-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

271

Concentric core optical fiber with multiple-mode signal transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A concentric core optical fiber provides for the simultaneous but independent transmission of signals over a single optical fiber. The concentric optical fiber is constructed of a single-mode or multimode inner optical fiber defined by a core and a cladding of a lower index of refraction than the core and an outer optical fiber defined by additional cladding concentrically disposed around the cladding and of an index of refraction lower than the first mentioned cladding whereby the latter functions as the core of the outer optical fiber. By employing such an optical fiber construction with a single-mode inner core or optical fiber, highly sensitive interferometric and stable less sensitive amplitude based sensors can be placed along the same length of a concentric core optical fiber. Also, by employing the concentric core optical fiber secure telecommunications can be achieved via the inner optical fiber since an intrusion of the concentric optical fiber will first cause a variation in the light being transmitted through the outer optical fiber and this variation of light being used to trigger a suitable alarm indicative of the intrusion.

Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenoir City, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

An effective shuffled frog-leaping algorithm for multi-mode resource-constrained project scheduling problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an effective shuffled frog-leaping algorithm (SFLA) is proposed for solving the multi-mode resource-constrained project scheduling problem (MRCPSP). In the SFLA, the virtual frogs are encoded as the extended multi-mode activity list (EMAL) ... Keywords: Combined local search, Multi-mode forward-backward improvement, Multi-mode permutation based local search, Multi-mode resource-constrained project scheduling, Multi-mode serial schedule generation scheme, Shuffled frog-leaping algorithm

Ling Wang; Chen Fang

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Eddy current inspection tool which is selectively operable in a discontinuity detection mode and a discontinuity magnitude mode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A miniaturized inspection tool, for testing and inspection of metal objects in locations with difficult accessibility, which comprises eddy current sensing equipment with a probe coil, and associated coaxial coil cable, coil energizing means, and circuit means responsive to impedance changes in the coil as effected by induced eddy currents in a test object to produce a data output signal proportional to such changes. The coil and cable are slideably received in the utility channel of the flexible insertion tube of fiberoptic scope. The scope is provided with light transmitting and receiving fiberoptics for viewing through the flexible tube, and articulation means for articulating the distal end of the tube and permitting close control of coil placement relative to a test object. The eddy current sensing equipment includes a tone generator 30 for generating audibly signals responsive to the data output signal. In one selected mode of operation, the tone generator responsive to the output signal above a selected level generates a constant single frequency tone for signaling detection of a discontinuity and, in a second selected mode, generates a tone whose frequency is proportional to the difference between the output signal and a predetermined selected threshold level. 5 figs.

Petrini, R.R.; Van Lue, D.F.

1983-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

274

Quantum benchmarks for pure single-mode Gaussian states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Teleportation and storage of continuous variable states of light and atoms are essential building blocks for the realization of large scale quantum networks. Rigorous validation of these implementations require identifying, and surpassing, benchmarks set by the most effective strategies attainable without the use of quantum resources. Such benchmarks have been established for special families of input states, like coherent states and particular subclasses of squeezed states. Here we solve the longstanding problem of defining quantum benchmarks for general pure Gaussian single-mode states with arbitrary phase, displacement, and squeezing, randomly sampled according to a realistic prior distribution. As a special case, we show that the fidelity benchmark for teleporting squeezed states with totally random phase and squeezing degree is 1/2, equal to the corresponding one for coherent states. We discuss the use of entangled resources to beat the benchmarks in experiments.

Giulio Chiribella; Gerardo Adesso

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

275

Kinetic damping of resistive wall modes in ITER  

SciTech Connect

Full drift kinetic modelling including finite orbit width effects has been used to assess the passive stabilisation of the resistive wall mode (RWM) that can be expected in the ITER advanced scenario. At realistic plasma rotation frequency, the thermal ions have a stabilising effect on the RWM, but the stability limit remains below the target plasma pressure to achieve Q = 5. However, the inclusion of damping arising from the fusion-born alpha particles, the NBI ions, and ICRH fast ions extends the RWM stability limit above the target {beta} for the advanced scenario. The fast ion damping arises primarily from finite orbit width effects and is not due to resonance between the particle frequencies and the instability.

Chapman, I. T.; Liu, Y. Q. [EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Asunta, O. [Department of Applied Physics, Association EURATOM-Tekes, Aalto University, P.O. Box 14100 FI-00076 AALTO (Finland); Graves, J. P. [CRPP, Association EURATOM/Confederation Suisse, EPFL, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Johnson, T. [EURATOM-VR Association, EES, KTH, Stockholm (Sweden); Jucker, M. [GFDL/Princeton University, AOS Program, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

276

Microsoft Word - APS10_Highlight_I-mode  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Turbulent transport of heat and particles decoupled in a new operating Turbulent transport of heat and particles decoupled in a new operating regime observed on the Alcator-C tokamak Amanda E. Hubbard, hubbard@psfc.mit.edu MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Cambridge MA 02139 USA Changes in edge turbulence result in increased heat confinement, advantageous for fusion, without unwanted confinement of particles. A key challenge in fusion energy is to confine the input heat long enough for the hot ionized hydrogen, fuel, or plasma, to fuse and produce net energy. Over 25 years ago, the spontaneous formation of an edge transport barrier was discovered, which roughly doubles the energy confinement [1]. This "high confinement", or H-mode, regime, is relied on in most 'tokamaks', a type of toroidal 'magnetic bottle', and foreseen for the international ITER project. However,

277

Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes for three-dimensional imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? We discuss the properties of Geiger-mode avalanche photodiodes (APDs) and their use in developing an imaging laser radar (ladar). This type of photodetector gives a fast electrical pulse in response to the detection of even a single photon, allowing for sub-nsec-precision photon-flight-time measurement. We present ongoing work at Lincoln Laboratory on three-dimensional (3D) imaging with arrays of these diodes, and the integration of the arrays with fast complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) digital timing circuits. Lincoln laboratory has long been involved with the development of laser radar (ladar) systems, which, like their microwave counterparts, measure the flight time of transmitted pulses of radiation to determine the distance to an object of interest. Real-time acquisition of such range information is central to a wide variety of remote-sensing applications. The optical radar, because of its shorter

Brian F. Aull; Andrew H. Loomis; Douglas J. Young; Richard M. Heinrichs; Bradley J. Felton; Peter J. Daniels; Deborah J. L

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Degradation Modes of Alloy 22 in Yucca Mountain Repository Conditions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The nuclear waste package design for Yucca Mountain (Nevada, USA), in its current configuration, consists of a double wall cylindrical container fabricated using a highly corrosion resistant Ni-based Alloy 22 for the outer barrier and type 316 stainless steel for the inner structural vessel. A mailbox-shaped drip shield fabricated primarily using Ti Grade 7 will cover the waste packages. The environmental degradation of the relevant materials have been extensively studied and modeled for over ten years. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art understanding of the degradation modes of Alloy 22 (N06022) due to its interaction with the predicted in-drift mountain conditions including temperature and types of electrolytes. Subjects discussed include thermal aging and phase stability, dry oxidation, general and localized corrosion, stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen induced cracking.

Hua, F; Gordon, G M; Mon, K G; Rebak, R B

2005-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

279

Spatiotemporal reconstruction of list-mode PET data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a method for computing a continuous time estimate of tracer density using list-mode positron emission tomography data. The rate function in each voxel is modeled as an inhomogeneous Poisson process whose rate function can be represented using a cubic B-spline basis. The rate functions are estimated by maximizing the likelihood of the arrival times of detected photon pairs over the control vertices of the spline, modified by quadratic spatial and temporal smoothness penalties and a penalty term to enforce nonnegativity. Randoms rate functions are estimated by assuming independence between the spatial and temporal randoms distributions. Similarly, scatter rate functions are estimated by assuming spatiotemporal independence and that the temporal distribution of the scatter is proportional to the temporal distribution of the trues. A quantitative evaluation was performed using simulated data and the method is also demonstrated in a human study using 11C-raclopride.

Nichols, Thomas E.; Qi, Jinyi; Asma, Evren; Leahy, Richard M.

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

275 C Downhole Switched-Mode Power Supply  

SciTech Connect

A vee-square (V2) control based controller IC is developed for a switch mode power supply capable of operating at extreme temperature/harsh environment conditions. A buck type regulator with silicon carbide power junction field effect transistors (JFET) as power devices is used to analyze the performance of controller. Special emphases are made on the analog sub-blocks--voltage reference, operational transconductance amplifier and comparator as individual building blocks. Transformer coupled gate drives and high temperature operable magnetic cores and capacitors are identified and tested for use in the design. Conventional ceramic chip packaging of ICs combined with lead carrier type mounting of passive filter components is introduced for hybrid packaging of the complete product. The developed SMPS is anticipated to support the operation of down-hole microcontrollers and other electronics devices that require low/medium power filtered dc inputs over an operating temperature of 275 C.

Chris Hutchens; Vijay Madhuravasal

2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

DEGRADATION MODES OF ALLOY 22 IN YUCCA MOUNTAIN REPOSITORY CONDITIONS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The nuclear waste package design for Yucca Mountain (Nevada, USA), in its current configuration, consists of a double wall cylindrical container fabricated using a highly corrosion resistant Ni-based Alloy 22 for the outer barrier and type 316 stainless steel for the inner structural vessel. A mailbox-shaped drip shield fabricated primarily using Ti Grade 7 will cover the waste packages. The environmental degradation of the relevant materials have been extensively studied and modeled for over ten years. This paper reviews the state-of-the-art understanding of the degradation modes of Alloy 22 (N06022) due to its interaction with the predicted in-drift mountain conditions including temperature and types of electrolytes. Subjects discussed include thermal aging and phase stability, dry oxidation, general and localized corrosion, stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen induced cracking.

F. Hua; G.M. Gordon; R.B. Rebak

2005-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

282

Controlled Manipulation of Mode Splitting in an Optical Microcavity by Two Rayleigh Scatterers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report controlled manipulation of mode splitting in an optical microresonator coupled to two nanoprobes. It is demonstrated that, by controlling the positions of the nanoprobes, the split modes can be tuned simultaneously or individually and experience crossing or anti-crossing in frequency and linewidth. A tunable transition between standing wave mode and travelling wave mode is also observed. Underlying physics is discussed by developing a two-scatterer model which can be extended to multiple scatterers. Observed rich dynamics and tunability of split modes in a single microresonator will find immediate applications in optical sensing, opto-mechanics, filters and will provide a platform to study strong light-matter interactions in two-mode cavities.

Jiangang Zhu; Sahin Kaya Ozdemir; Lina He; Lan Yang

2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

283

PSR 2303+30: A single system of drifting subpulses, moding and nulling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyses of multiple pulse sequences of B2303+30 reveal that this pulsar has two distinct emission modes. One mode (B) follows a steady even-odd pattern and is more intense. The second mode (Q) is characteristically weak, but has intermittent driftbands with a periodicity of approximately 3 P/cycles, and nulls much more frequently than the B mode. Both modes occur with roughly equal frequency and their profiles have a similar single-humped form with a slight asymmetry. Our observations and analyses strongly suggest that the subpulse driftrates in both modes are linked in a series of cycles, which can be modelled as relaxing oscillations in the underlying circulation rate.

Stephen L. Redman; Geoffrey A. E. Wright; Joanna M. Rankin

2004-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

284

Multipartite entanglement in three-mode Gaussian states of continuous variable systems: Quantification, sharing structure and decoherence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a complete analysis of multipartite entanglement of three-mode Gaussian states of continuous variable systems. We derive standard forms which characterize the covariance matrix of pure and mixed three-mode Gaussian states up to local unitary operations, showing that the local entropies of pure Gaussian states are bound to fulfill a relationship which is stricter than the general Araki-Lieb inequality. Quantum correlations will be quantified by a proper convex roof extension of the squared logarithmic negativity (the contangle), satisfying a monogamy relation for multimode Gaussian states, whose proof will be reviewed and elucidated. The residual contangle, emerging from the monogamy inequality, is an entanglement monotone under Gaussian local operations and classical communication and defines a measure of genuine tripartite entanglement. We analytically determine the residual contangle for arbitrary pure three-mode Gaussian states and study the distribution of quantum correlations for such states. This will lead us to show that pure, symmetric states allow for a promiscuous entanglement sharing, having both maximum tripartite residual entanglement and maximum couplewise entanglement between any pair of modes. We thus name these states GHZ/$W$ states of continuous variable systems because they are simultaneous continuous-variable counterparts of both the GHZ and the $W$ states of three qubits. We finally consider the action of decoherence on tripartite entangled Gaussian states, studying the decay of the residual contangle. The GHZ/$W$ states are shown to be maximally robust under both losses and thermal noise.

Gerardo Adesso; Alessio Serafini; Fabrizio Illuminati

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

285

A new type of nuclear collective motion - the spin scissors mode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The coupled dynamics of low lying modes and various giant resonances are studied with the help of the Wigner Function Moments method on the basis of Time Dependent Hartree-Fock equations in the harmonic oscillator model including spin-orbit potential plus quadrupole-quadrupole and spin-spin residual interactions. New low lying spin dependent modes are analyzed. Special attention is paid to the spin scissors mode.

E. B. Balbutsev; I. V. Molodtsova; P. Schuck

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

286

Mode particle resonances during near-tangential neutral beam injection in large tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

Coherent magnetohydrodynamic modes have been observed during neutral beam injection in TFTR and JET. Periodic bursts of oscillations were detected with several plasma diagnostics, and Fokker-Planck calculations show that the populations of trapped particles in both tokamaks are sufficient to account for fishbone destabilization. Estimates of mode parameters are in reasonable agreement with the experiments, and they indicate that the fishbone mode may continue to affect the performance of intensely heated tokamaks. 13 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Kaita, R.; White, R.B.; Morris, A.W.; Fredrickson, E.D.; McGuire, K.M.; Medley, S.S.; Scott, S.D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Nuclear reaction rates and energy in stellar plasmas : The effect of highly damped modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of the highly damped modes in the energy and reaction rates in a plasma are discussed. These modes, with wavenumbers $k \\gg k_{D}$, even being only weakly excited, with less than $k_{B}T$ per mode, make a significant contribution to the energy and screening in a plasma. When the de Broglie wavelength is much less than the distance of closest approach of thermal electrons, a classical analysis of the plasma can

Merav Opher; Luis O. Silva; Dean E. Dauger; Viktor K. Decyk; John M. Dawson

2001-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

288

On resonant excitations of high-n magnetohydrodynamic modes by energetic/alpha particles in tokamaks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analytical theories for the excitations in tokamaks of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modes with large toroidal mode numbers (n>>1) are presented. Specifically, only instability mechanisms due to resonances with energetic ions/alpha particles are considered. It is noted that, while trapped energetic particles contribute to the ideal region, circulating energetic particles contribute mainly to the singular layer dynamics. A unified dispersion relation manifesting both fishbone-like modes and beam transit-resonance modes is then driven. Finally, we also analyze the stability property of toroidicity-induced shear Alfven waves excited via transit resonances with alpha particles in ignited tokamaks. 11 refs.

Chen, Liu

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Comfort standards and variation in exceedance for mixed-mode buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a lower carbon society. Building Research & Information, 36(ventilated and mixed-mode buildings – Part I: Thermalmodeling. Building and Environment, 44(4), 736–749.

Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Tackling the Improved Control of Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Research...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for low-energy cooling that incorporates natural ventilation alongside other forms of space conditioning. A properly designed system will intelligently switch between modes of...

291

Highly damped quasinormal modes and the small scale structure of quantum corrected black hole exteriors  

SciTech Connect

Quasinormal modes provide valuable information about the structure of spacetime outside a black hole. There is also a conjectured relationship between the highly damped quasinormal modes and the semiclassical spectrum of the horizon area/entropy. In this paper, we show that for spacetimes characterized by more than one scale, the 'infinitely damped' modes in principle probe the structure of spacetime outside the horizon at the shortest length scales. We demonstrate this with the calculation of the highly damped quasinormal modes of the nonsingular, single-horizon, quantum corrected black hole derived in [A. Peltola and G. Kunstatter, Phys. Rev. D 79, 061501 (2009); ].

Babb, James; Kunstatter, Gabor [Department of Physics, The University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3B 2E9 (Canada); Daghigh, Ramin [Natural Sciences Department, Metropolitan State University, 700 East Seventh Street, Saint Paul, Minnesota, 55106 (United States)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

Analysis of quenching conditions of Fabry-Perot mode lasing in semiconductor stripe-contact lasers  

SciTech Connect

Radiative characteristics of semiconductor stripe-contact lasers operating under quenching conditions of Fabry-Perot-mode lasing are studied. It is found that reversible turning off of Fabry-Perot-mode lasing is caused by switching to closed-mode lasing. Radiative characteristics of the closed mode are controlled by the mode structure with the close-to-zero loss for radiation output, which covers the entire crystal. The main threshold conditions of closed-mode lasing are a decrease in interband absorption in the passive region and an increase in the modal gain of the closed-mode lasing line. It is shown that a decrease in interband absorption in the passive region can be provided by both spontaneous emission from the injection region and lasing-mode photons. An increase in the modal gain of the closed-mode lasing line is provided by shifting the energy minima of the conduction band and maxima of the valence band of the injection region with respect to the energy bands of the passive region.

Slipchenko, S. O., E-mail: serghpl@mail.ioffe.ru; Podoskin, A. A.; Vinokurov, D. A.; Stankevich, A. L.; Leshko, A. Y.; Pikhtin, N. A.; Zabrodskiy, V. V.; Tarasov, I. S. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical Technical Institute (Russian Federation)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Sensitive Detection of CMB B-Mode Polarization : : Instrumentation and Systematics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CMB B-Mode Polarization: Instrumentation and Systematics AFar-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VI,Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VI,

Moyerman, Stephanie

294

The Essential Work of Fracture Method Applied to Mode II Interlaminar Fracture in Fiber Reinforced Polymers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a new method for determining mode II interlaminar fracture toughness in fiber reinforced polymers (FRP) using the essential work of fracture (EWF)… (more)

McKinney, Scott D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Higher Order Modes HOM___s in Coupled Cavities of the Flash Module ACC39  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyse the higher order modes (HOM's) in the 3.9GHz bunch shaping cavities installed in the FLASH facility at DESY. A suite of finite element computer codes (including HFSS and ACE3P) and globalised scattering matrix calculations (GSM) are used to investigate the modes in these cavities. This study is primarily focused on the dipole component of the multiband expansion of the wakefield, with the emphasis being on the development of a HOM-based BPM system for ACC39. Coupled inter-cavity modes are simulated together with a limited band of trapped modes.

Shinton, I.R.R.; /Manchester U. /Cockcroft Inst. Accel. Sci. Tech.; Jones, R.M.; /Manchester U. /DESY; Li, Z.; /SLAC; Zhang, P.; /Manchester U. /Cockcroft Inst. Accel. Sci. Tech. /DESY

2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

296

Assessment of Energy Use and Comfort in Buildings Utilizing Mixed-Mode Controls with Radiant Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mixed Mode Ventilation - CIBSE Applications Manual AM13:Comitè Eurpoéen de Normalization. CIBSE, A. (2005). Natural2000; Heiselberg 2002; CIBSE 2005). The main EnergyPlus

Borgeson, Samuel Dalton

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Comfort standards and variation in exceedance for mixed-mode buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) (2000) MixedMode Ventilation – CIBSE ApplicationsManual AM13, CIBSE, London. Chartered Institution of

Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Control Strategies for HCCI Mixed-Mode Combustion  

SciTech Connect

Delphi Automotive Systems and ORNL established this CRADA to expand the operational range of Homogenous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) mixed-mode combustion for gasoline en-gines. ORNL has extensive experience in the analysis, interpretation, and control of dynamic engine phenomena, and Delphi has extensive knowledge and experience in powertrain compo-nents and subsystems. The partnership of these knowledge bases was important to address criti-cal barriers associated with the realistic implementation of HCCI and enabling clean, efficient operation for the next generation of transportation engines. The foundation of this CRADA was established through the analysis of spark-assisted HCCI data from a single-cylinder research engine. This data was used to (1) establish a conceptual kinetic model to better understand and predict the development of combustion instabilities, (2) develop a low-order model framework suitable for real-time controls, and (3) provide guidance in the initial definition of engine valve strategies for achieving HCCI operation. The next phase focused on the development of a new combustion metric for real-time characterization of the combustion process. Rapid feedback on the state of the combustion process is critical to high-speed decision making for predictive control. Simultaneous to the modeling/analysis studies, Delphi was focused on the development of engine hardware and the engine management system. This included custom Delphi hardware and control systems allowing for flexible control of the valvetrain sys-tem to enable HCCI operation. The final phase of this CRADA included the demonstration of conventional and spark assisted HCCI on the multi-cylinder engine as well as the characterization of combustion instabilities, which govern the operational boundaries of this mode of combustion. ORNL and Delphi maintained strong collaboration throughout this project. Meetings were held on a bi-weekly basis with additional reports, presentation, and meetings as necessary to maintain progress. Delphi provided substantial support through modeling, hardware, data exchange, and technical consultation. This CRADA was also successful at establishing important next steps to further expanding the use of an HCCI engine for improved fuel efficiency and emissions. These topics will be address in a follow-on CRADA. The objectives are: (1) Improve fundamental understanding of the development of combustion instabilities with HCCI operation through modeling and experiments; (2) Develop low-order model and feedback combustion metrics which are well suited to real-time predictive controls; and (3) Construct multi-cylinder engine system with advanced Delphi technologies and charac-terize HCCI behavior to better understand limitations and opportunities for expanded high-efficiency operation.

Wagner, Robert M [ORNL; Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

TCL: Comandi utili versione 2.1. [open stringa mode] restituisce il descrittore di un file aperto (di nome stringa) in modalit "riscrittura" (se mode w) o in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TCL: Comandi utili versione 2.1. [open stringa mode] restituisce il descrittore di un file aperto]) restituisce il nome del file .tcl corrente [$ns get-ns-traceall] restituisce il descrittore del file di trace

Bregni, Stefano

300

Gravity modes and mixed modes as probes of stellar cores in main-sequence stars: from solar-like to beta Cep stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate how the frequencies of gravity modes depend on the detailed properties of the chemical composition gradient that develops near the core of main-sequence stars and, therefore, on the transport processes that are able to modify the \\mu profile in the central regions. We show that in main-sequence models, similarly to the case of white dwarfs, the periods of high-order gravity modes are accurately described by a uniform period spacing superposed to an oscillatory component. The periodicity and amplitude of such component are related, respectively, to the location and sharpness of the \\mu gradient. We briefly discuss and interpret, by means of this simple approximation, the effect of turbulent mixing near the core on the periods of both high-order and low-order g modes, as well as of modes of mixed pressure-gravity character.

A. Miglio; J. Montalban; P. Eggenberger; A. Noels

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Micromegas readouts for double beta decay searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Double beta $\\beta\\beta$ decay experiments are one of the most active research topics in Neutrino Physics. The measurement of the neutrinoless mode $0\

Cebrián, S; Ferrer-Ribas, E; Galán, J; García, J A; Giomataris, I; Gómez, H; Herrera, D C; Iguaz, F J; Irastorza, I G; Luzón, G; Rodríguez, A; Seguí, L; Tomás, A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Micromegas readouts for double beta decay searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Double beta $\\beta\\beta$ decay experiments are one of the most active research topics in Neutrino Physics. The measurement of the neutrinoless mode $0\

S. Cebrián; T. Dafni; E. Ferrer-Ribas; J. Galán; J. A. García; I. Giomataris; H. Gómez; D. C. Herrera; F. J. Iguaz; I. G. Irastorza; G. Luzón; A. Rodríguez; L. Seguí; A. Tomás

2010-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

303

Sliding-mode amplitude control techniques for harmonic oscillators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates both theoretical and implementation-level aspects of switching- feedback control strategies for the development of voltage-controlled oscillators. We use a modified sliding-mode compensation scheme based on various norms of the system state to achieve amplitude control for wide-tuning range oscillators. The proposed controller provides amplitude control at minimal cost in area and power consumption. Verification of our theory is achieved with the physical realization of an amplitude controlled negative-Gm LC oscillator. A wide-tuning range RF ring oscillator is developed and simulated, showing the effectiveness of our methods for high speed oscillators. The resulting ring oscillator produces an amplitude controlled sinusoidal signal operating at frequencies ranging from 170 MHz to 2.1 GHz. Total harmonic distortion is maintained below 0:8% for an oscillation amplitude of 2 Vpp over the entire tuning range. Phase noise is measured as -105.6 dBc/Hz at 1.135 GHz with a 1 MHz offset.

Marquart, Chad A.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Ultracompact Vanadium Dioxide Dual-Mode Plasmonic Waveguide Electroabsorption Modulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subwavelength modulators play an indispensable role in integrated photonic-electronic circuits. Due to weak light-matter interactions, it is always a challenge to develop a modulator with a nanometer scale footprint, low switching energy, low insertion loss and large modulation depth. In this paper, we propose the design of a vanadium dioxide dual-mode plasmonic waveguide electroabsorption modulator using a metal-insulator-VO$_2$-insulator-metal (MIVIM) waveguide platform. By varying the index of vanadium dioxide, the modulator can route plasmonic waves through the low-loss dielectric insulator layer during the "on" state and high-loss VO$_2$ layer during the "off" state, thereby significantly reducing the insertion loss while maintaining a large modulation depth. This ultracompact waveguide modulator, for example, can achieve a large modulation depth of ~10dB with an active size of only 200x50x220nm$^3$ (or ~{\\lambda}$^3$/1700), requiring a drive-voltage of ~4.6V. This high performance plasmonic modulator co...

Ooi, Kelvin J A; Chu, Hong Son; Ang, Lay Kee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Real-time multi-mode neutron multiplicity counter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Embodiments are directed to a digital data acquisition method that collects data regarding nuclear fission at high rates and performs real-time preprocessing of large volumes of data into directly useable forms for use in a system that performs non-destructive assaying of nuclear material and assemblies for mass and multiplication of special nuclear material (SNM). Pulses from a multi-detector array are fed in parallel to individual inputs that are tied to individual bits in a digital word. Data is collected by loading a word at the individual bit level in parallel, to reduce the latency associated with current shift-register systems. The word is read at regular intervals, all bits simultaneously, with no manipulation. The word is passed to a number of storage locations for subsequent processing, thereby removing the front-end problem of pulse pileup. The word is used simultaneously in several internal processing schemes that assemble the data in a number of more directly useable forms. The detector includes a multi-mode counter that executes a number of different count algorithms in parallel to determine different attributes of the count data.

Rowland, Mark S; Alvarez, Raymond A

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

306

Power Supply Changes for NSTX Resistive Wall Mode Coils  

SciTech Connect

The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) has been designed and installed in the existing facilities at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL). Most of the hardware, plant facilities, auxiliary sub-systems, and power systems originally used for the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) have been used with suitable modifications to reflect NSTX needs. Prior to 2004, the NSTX power system was feeding twelve (12) circuits in the machine. In 2004 the Resistive Wall Mode (RWM) Coils were installed on the machine to correct error fields. There are six of these coils installed around the machine in the mid-plane. Since these coils need fast and accurate controls, a Switching Power Amplifier (SPA) with three sub-units was procured, installed and commissioned along with other power loop components. Two RWM Coils were connected in series and fed from one SPA sub-unit. After the initial RWM campaign, operational requirements evolved such that each of the RWM coils now requires separate power and control. Hence a second SPA with three sub-units has been procured and installed. The second unit is of improved design and has the controls and power components completely isolated. The existing thyristor rectifier is used as DC Link to both of the Switching Power Amplifiers. The controls for the RWM are integrated into the overall computer control of the DC Power systems for NSTX. This paper describes the design changes in the RWM Power system for NSTX.

Ramakrishnan, S S.

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

307

Preservice teachers' knowledge of linear functions within multiple representation modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines preservice teachers’ knowledge in the case of linear functions. Teachers’ knowledge in general consists of their subject matter knowledge and their pedagogical content knowledge. In this study, teachers’ subject matter knowledge is examined by looking at their ability to adapt to different representation modes. The framework for subject matter content knowledge consists of five components: (1) flexibility across formal mathematical symbolisms; (2) flexibility between visual and algebraic representations; (3) flexibility within visual representations; (4) flexibility with real-life situations, and (5) procedural skills. In terms of pedagogical content knowledge, two aspects were examined across five corresponding components. These two aspects were knowledge of students’ conceptions and misconceptions, and teachers’ teaching strategies. The primary source of data for the study was from two tests and six interviews. The results showed preservice teachers performed poorly in terms of representation flexibility. Furthermore, most of the preservice teachers had limited knowledge of the nature and sources of students’ mistakes as well as effective teaching strategies to help students with their misconceptions. In terms of knowledge structure, representation flexibility was found to be significant in both CK and PCK compared to procedural skills. Moreover, the representational flexibility in terms of CK seemed to strongly predict the overall PCK performance. Representational flexibility seemed to be related to the use of instructional representations. Overall, there was a strong relationship between various components of CK and PCK.

You, Zhixia

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

MEMS Reliability: Infrastructure, Test Structures, Experiments, and Failure Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The burgeoning new technology of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) shows great promise in the weapons arena. We can now conceive of micro-gyros, micro-surety systems, and micro-navigators that are extremely small and inexpensive. Do we want to use this new technology in critical applications such as nuclear weapons? This question drove us to understand the reliability and failure mechanisms of silicon surface-micromachined MEMS. Development of a testing infrastructure was a crucial step to perform reliability experiments on MEMS devices and will be reported here. In addition, reliability test structures have been designed and characterized. Many experiments were performed to investigate failure modes and specifically those in different environments (humidity, temperature, shock, vibration, and storage). A predictive reliability model for wear of rubbing surfaces in microengines was developed. The root causes of failure for operating and non-operating MEMS are discussed. The major failure mechanism for operating MEMS was wear of the polysilicon rubbing surfaces. Reliability design rules for future MEMS devices are established.

TANNER,DANELLE M.; SMITH,NORMAN F.; IRWIN,LLOYD W.; EATON,WILLIAM P.; HELGESEN,KAREN SUE; CLEMENT,J. JOSEPH; MILLER,WILLIAM M.; MILLER,SAMUEL L.; DUGGER,MICHAEL T.; WALRAVEN,JEREMY A.; PETERSON,KENNETH A.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

A new method for the spectroscopic identification of stellar non-radial pulsation modes. II. Mode identification of the Delta Scuti star FG Virginis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a mode identification based on new high-resolution time-series spectra of the non-radially pulsating Delta Scuti star FG~Vir (HD 106384, V = 6.57, A5V). From 2002 February to June a global Delta Scuti Network (DSN) campaign, utilizing high-resolution spectroscopy and simultaneous photometry has been conducted for FG~Vir in order to provide a theoretical pulsation model. In this campaign we have acquired 969 Echelle spectra covering 147 hours at six observatories. The mode identification was carried out by analyzing line profile variations by means of the Fourier parameter fit method, where the observational Fourier parameters across the line are fitted with theoretical values. This method is especially well suited for determining the azimuthal order m of non-radial pulsation modes and thus complementary with the method of Daszynska-Daszkiewicz (2002) which does best at identifying the degree l. 15 frequencies between 9.2 and 33.5 c/d were detected spectroscopically. We determined the azimuthal order m of 12 modes and constrained their harmonic degree l. Only modes of low degree (l <= 4) were detected, most of them having axisymmetric character mainly due to the relatively low projected rotational velocity of FG Vir. The detected non-axisymmetric modes have azimuthal orders between -2 and 1. We derived an inclination of 19 degrees, which implies an equatorial rotational rate of 66 km/s.

W. Zima; D. Wright; J. Bentley; P. L. Cottrell; U. Heiter; P. Mathias; E. Poretti; H. Lehmann; T. J. Montemayor; M. Breger

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

310

Multipartite entanglement in three-mode Gaussian states of continuous-variable systems: Quantification, sharing structure, and decoherence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a complete analysis of the multipartite entanglement of three-mode Gaussian states of continuous-variable systems. We derive standard forms which characterize the covariance matrix of pure and mixed three-mode Gaussian states up to local unitary operations, showing that the local entropies of pure Gaussian states are bound to fulfill a relationship which is stricter than the general Araki-Lieb inequality. Quantum correlations can be quantified by a proper convex roof extension of the squared logarithmic negativity, the continuous-variable tangle, or contangle. We review and elucidate in detail the proof that in multimode Gaussian states the contangle satisfies a monogamy inequality constraint [G. Adesso and F. Illuminati, New J. Phys8, 15 (2006)]. The residual contangle, emerging from the monogamy inequality, is an entanglement monotone under Gaussian local operations and classical communications and defines a measure of genuine tripartite entanglements. We determine the analytical expression of the residual contangle for arbitrary pure three-mode Gaussian states and study in detail the distribution of quantum correlations in such states. This analysis yields that pure, symmetric states allow for a promiscuous entanglement sharing, having both maximum tripartite entanglement and maximum couplewise entanglement between any pair of modes. We thus name these states GHZ/W states of continuous-variable systems because they are simultaneous continuous-variable counterparts of both the GHZ and the W states of three qubits. We finally consider the effect of decoherence on three-mode Gaussian states, studying the decay of the residual contangle. The GHZ/W states are shown to be maximally robust against losses and thermal noise.

Adesso, Gerardo [Dipartimento di Fisica 'E. R. Caianiello', Universita degli Studi di Salerno, CNR-Coherentia, Gruppo di Salerno, and INFN Sezione di Napoli-Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Via S. Allende, 84081 Baronissi (Saudi Arabia) (Italy); Centre for Quantum Computation, DAMTP, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom); Serafini, Alessio [Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Imperial College, London, London SW7 2PE, United Kingdom and QOLS, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College, London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Illuminati, Fabrizio [Dipartimento di Fisica 'E. R. Caianiello', Universita degli Studi di Salerno, CNR-Coherentia, Gruppo di Salerno, and INFN Sezione di Napoli-Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Via S. Allende, 84081 Baronissi (Saudi Arabia) (Italy)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

Formation Mechanisms for North Pacific Central and Eastern Subtropical Mode Waters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of one-dimensional processes on the formation of deep mixed layers in the central mode water (CMW) and eastern subtropical mode water (ESMW) formation regions of the North Pacific have been analyzed using a mixed layer model. By ...

Carol Ladd; Lu Anne Thompson

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Mode-conversion induced tearing effects in a plasma neutral sheet  

SciTech Connect

A new collisionless dissipation mechanism which can drive tearing modes in a plasma neutral sheet is described. The new mechanism relies on the presence of a background cold plasma which leads to mode conversion into a continuous spectrum of cold plasma waves.

Kaw, P.K.; Sudan, R.N.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Sliding mode for detection and accommodation of computation time delay fault  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computation time delay in digital control systems reduces its robustness as well as degrades its performance. In this paper, the computation time delay is assumed to be constant and smaller than the sampling time and is treated as a fault to be detected, ... Keywords: Computation time delay, Discrete-time sliding mode control, Fault detection, Sliding mode observer

José Paulo F. Garcia; Lizete Maria C. F. Garcia; Gisele C. Apolinário; Fernando B. Rodrigues

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

The Joint Modes of the Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean System Observed from 1967 to 1986  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two aspects of the principal oscillation pattern (POP) analysis are used to study the large-scale modes of the coupled atmosphere–ocean system. First, P0Ps can be considered as the normal modes of the system; one way of studying these normal ...

Jin-Song Xu

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Eigenoscillations of the Differentially Rotating Sun: I. 22-year, 4000-year, and quasi-biennial modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retrograde waves with frequencies much lower than the rotation frequency become trapped in the solar radiative interior. The eigenfunctions of the compressible, nonadiabatic, Rossby-like modes ($\\epsilon$-mechanism and radiative losses taken into account) are obtained by an asymptotic method assuming a very small latitudinal gradient of rotation, without an arbitrary choice of other free parameters. An integral dispersion relation for the complex eigenfrequencies is derived as a solution of the boundary value problem. The discovered resonant cavity modes (called R-modes) are fundamentally different from the known r-modes: their frequencies are functions of the solar interior structure, and the reason for their existence is not related to geometrical effects. The most unstable R-modes are those with periods of 1--3 yr, 18--30 yr, and 1500--20000 yrs; these three separate period ranges are known from solar and geophysical data. The growing times of those modes which are unstable with respect to the $\\epsilon$-mechanism are $\\approx 10^2, 10^3,$ and $10^5$ years, respectively. The amplitudes of the R-modes are growing towards the center of the Sun. We discuss some prospects to develop the theory of R-modes as a driver of the dynamics in the convective zone which could explain, e.g., observed short-term fluctuations of rotation, a control of the solar magnetic cycle, and abrupt changes of terrestrial climate in the past.

N. S. Dzhalilov; J. Staude; V. N. Oraevsky

2002-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

316

Delta-sigma A/D conversion via time-mode signal processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a signal processing methodology is proposed that performs delta-sigma (??) analog-to-digital (A/D) conversion on voltage signals while implementing all the circuits in a digital CMOS logic style. This methodology, called time-mode ... Keywords: A/D conversion, CMOS, delta-sigma (??) modulation, low power, small area, time-mode signal processing (TMSP)

Christopher S. Taillefer; Gordon W. Roberts

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Normal Mode Initialization for a Multilevel Grid-Point Model. Part I: Linear Aspects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Part I of this paper we review initialization methods for numerical weather prediction models, leading up to the development of schemes based on the normal modes of the forecast model. We present the derivation of the normal modes of ECMWF's ...

Clive Temperton; David L. Williamson

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Simultaneous fault and mode switching identification for hybrid systems based on particle swarm optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a methodology for simultaneous identification of fault parameters and mode switching events for hybrid systems. The method is developed based on the notion of Global Analytical Redundancy Relations (GARRs) from the bond graph model ... Keywords: Bond graph, Fault parameter, Global analytical redundancy relation, Hybrid system, Mode switching time stamps, Particle swarm optimization

Ming Yu; Ming Luo; Danwei Wang; Shai Arogeti; Xinzheng Zhang

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Pareto-improving and revenue-neutral congestion pricing schemes in two-mode traffic networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies a Pareto-improving and revenue-neutral congestion pricing scheme on a simple two-mode (highway and transit) network: this scheme aims at simultaneously improving system performance, making every individual user better off, and having ... Keywords: Congestion pricing, Pareto-improving, Revenue-neutral, Traffic equilibrium, Two-mode network

Yang Liu; Xiaolei Guo; Hai Yang

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Sliding Mode Control of Boost Converter: Application to energy storage system via supercapacitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sliding Mode Control of Boost Converter: Application to energy storage system via supercapacitors», «Robust control», «Supercapacitor». Abstract Sliding mode control of boost converter is studied. In order of an energy storage system based on supercapacitors technology in order to regulate the output voltage. Given

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Design issues in low-voltage high-speed current-mode logic buffers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A current-mode logic (CML) buffer is based on a simple differential circuit. This paper investigates important problems involved in the design of a CML buffer as well as a chain of tapered CML buffers. A new design procedure to systematically design ... Keywords: VLSI, current-mode logic, high-speed, integrated circuit, noise

Payam Heydari

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Depth control of remotely operated underwater vehicles using an adaptive fuzzy sliding mode controller  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sliding mode control, due to its robustness against modelling imprecisions and external disturbances, has been successfully employed to the dynamic positioning of remotely operated underwater vehicles. In order to improve the performance of the complete ... Keywords: Adaptive algorithms, Depth control, Fuzzy logic, Nonlinear control, Remotely operated vehicles, Sliding modes

Wallace M. Bessa; Max S. Dutra; Edwin Kreuzer

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

An adaptive fuzzy sliding mode controller for remotely operated underwater vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sliding mode control is a very attractive control scheme because of its robustness against both structured and unstructured uncertainties as well as external disturbances. In this way, it has been widely employed for the dynamic positioning of remotely ... Keywords: Adaptive algorithms, Dynamic positioning, Fuzzy logic, Remotely operated underwater vehicles, Sliding modes

Wallace M. Bessa; Max S. Dutra; Edwin Kreuzer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

DFIG Driven Wind Turbine Grid Fault-Tolerance Using High-Order Sliding Mode Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DFIG Driven Wind Turbine Grid Fault-Tolerance Using High-Order Sliding Mode Control Mohamed (DFIG), control, second-order sliding mode, grid fault-tolerance. Nomenclature WT = Wind Turbine; DFIG increased currents, which may lead to converter failure. Achieving ride-through requirement for DFIG

Brest, Université de

325

A High-Order Sliding Mode Observer for Sensorless Control ofDFIG-Based Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A High-Order Sliding Mode Observer for Sensorless Control ofDFIG-Based Wind Turbines Mohamed control of a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) based wind turbine. The sensorless control scheme is based on a high-order sliding mode (HOSM) observer to estimate the DFIG rotational speed. Indeed, high

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

326

Bearing Fault Detection in DFIG-Based Wind Turbines Using the First Intrinsic Mode Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bearing Fault Detection in DFIG-Based Wind Turbines Using the First Intrinsic Mode Function Y become a focal point in the research of renewable energy sources. In order to make the DFIG-based wind for bearing fault detection in DFIG-based wind turbines. The proposed method uses the first Intrinsic Mode

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

327

Review: Risk evaluation approaches in failure mode and effects analysis: A literature review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) is a risk assessment tool that mitigates potential failures in systems, processes, designs or services and has been used in a wide range of industries. The conventional risk priority number (RPN) method has been ... Keywords: Failure mode and effects analysis, Reliability management, Risk evaluation, Risk priority number

Hu-Chen Liu; Long Liu; Nan Liu

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Seasonal Predictability of the Southern Annular Mode due to its Association with ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Predictability of the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) for lead times beyond 1-2 weeks has traditionally been considered to be low because the SAM is regarded as an internal mode of variability with a typical decorrelation time of about 10 days. ...

Eun-Pa Lim; Harry H. Hendon; Harun Rashid

329

Using a High Order Sliding Modes for diving control a torpedo Autonomous Underwater Vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a High Order Sliding Modes for diving control a torpedo Autonomous Underwater Vehicle T Underwater Vehicle AUV is not a trivial task, due to: Parameter uncertainties (as added mass, hydrodynamic underwater robots are basically two: PD [2] [10] and Sliding Modes Control (SMC) [6] [11]. These algorithms

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

330

Low frequency electrostatic and electromagnetic modes in nonuniform cold quantum plasmas  

SciTech Connect

The low frequency electrostatic and electromagnetic linear modes in a nonuniform cold quantum electron-ion plasma are studied. The effect of stationary dust on an electrostatic mode is also investigated. The quantum corrections in the linear dispersion relations of a cold dense plasma are presented with possible applications.

Saleem, H.; Ahmad, Ali [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), Islamabad (Pakistan); Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad (Pakistan); Khan, S. A. [Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad (Pakistan); Department of Physics, Government College Bagh AJK (Pakistan)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

331

Design of model reference adaptive sliding mode tracking controllers for mismatched uncertain dynamic systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on the Lyapunov stability theorem, a model reference adaptive sliding mode control scheme is proposed in this paper for a class of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) dynamic systems with mismatched model uncertainties and external disturbances in ... Keywords: Lyapunov stability theorem, adaptive control, mismatched perturbations, sliding mode control

Chih-Chiang Cheng; Hung-An Chen; Jia-Ming Hsiao

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

On the empirical mode decomposition applied to the analysis of brain SPECT images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose a novel method for brain SPECT image feature extraction based on the empirical mode decomposition (EMD). The proposed method applied to assist the diagnosis of Alzheimer Disease (AD) selects the most discriminant voxels for support ... Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, Empirical mode decomposition, SPECT, Support vector machines

A. Gallix; J. M. GóRriz; J. RamíRez; I. A. IlláN; E. W. Lang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Leaking electricity: Standby and off-mode power consumption in consumer electronics and household appliances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report assesses ``leaking`` electricity from consumer electronics and small household appliances when they are in standby mode or turned off, and examines the impacts of these losses. The report identifies trends in relevant product industries and gives technical and policy options for reducing standby and off-mode power loss.

Thorne, J.; Suozzo, M.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

334

Molecular mode-coupling theory for supercooled liquids: Application to water L. Fabbian,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular mode-coupling theory for supercooled liquids: Application to water L. Fabbian,1 A. Latz,2 observed in supercooled molecular liquids close to the glass transition. The mode-coupling theory MCT, rigid molecules. We compare the predictions of the theory for the q-vector dependence of the molecular

Sciortino, Francesco

335

Failure mode and effects analysis using a group-based evidential reasoning approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) is a methodology to evaluate a system, design, process or service for possible ways in which failures (problems, errors, risks and concerns) can occur. It is a group decision function and cannot be done on an ... Keywords: Evidential reasoning approach, Failure mode and effects analysis, Minimax regret ranking, Uncertainty modeling

Kwai-Sang Chin; Ying-Ming Wang; Gary Ka Kwai Poon; Jian-Bo Yang

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Effect Analysis of Regulation Mode on Small Disturbance Stability in Hydropower Stations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the previous stability analysis under small disturbance of the hydropower stations, there are some different regulation modes to be used. In order to analyze the regulation performance accurately and the effect of different regulation modes on system ... Keywords: hydropower station, power regulation, frequency regulation, small disturbance, regulation performance

Zhou Jianxu; Hu Rong; Cao Qing

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Comparison of Early-stage Design Methods for a Two-mode Hybrid Electric Vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of Early-stage Design Methods for a Two-mode Hybrid Electric Vehicle Kukhyun Ahn+ , J the propulsion system of a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), engine, transmission, motor, battery, power electronics. In this paper, two design optimization methods for a two-mode hybrid vehicle are examined: The first integrates

Papalambros, Panos

338

Common Mode Voltage in case of Transformerless PV Inverters Connected to the Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through the parasitic capacitance of the PV panels, can reach very high values. A common-mode model based grid connected PV system with the modeled parasitic capacitances, marked with grey lines, presentCommon Mode Voltage in case of Transformerless PV Inverters Connected to the Grid T. KEREKES* R

Kerekes, Tamas

339

Brief paper: Boundary control of linearized Saint-Venant equations oscillating modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper investigates the control of oscillating modes occurring in open-channels, due to the reflection of propagating waves on the boundaries. These modes are well represented by linearized Saint-Venant equations, a set of hyperbolic partial differential ... Keywords: Frequency response, Impedance matching, Open-channel system, Riemann invariants, Root locus, Saint-Venant model, Water management

Xavier Litrico; Vincent Fromion

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

On the Self-Interaction of a Geostrophic Current and its Inertia-Gravity Normal Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A shallow-water channel model on an f plane is used to study the interaction of barotropic inertia-gravity normal modes and geostrophic currents. Computed numerically are 1) the normal modes associated with a, zonal current, 2) the nonlinear wave ...

Richard A. Hyde

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A Preliminary Cost Study of the Dual Mode Inverter Controller  

SciTech Connect

In 1998, the Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Research Center (PEEMRC) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) started a program to investigate alternate field weakening schemes for permanent magnet (PM) motors. The adjective ''alternate'' was used because at that time, outside research emphasis was on motors with interior-mounted PMs (IPMs). The PEEMRC emphasis was placed on motors with surface-mounted PMs (SPMs) because of the relative ease of manufacturing SPM motors compared with the IPM motors. Today the PEEMRC is continuing research on SPMs while examining the IPMs that have been developed by industry. Out of this task--the goal of which was to find ways to drive PM motors that inherently have low inductance at high speeds where their back-emf exceeds the supply voltage--ORNL developed and demonstrated the dual mode inverter control (DMIC) [1,2] method of field weakening for SPM motors. The predecessor of DMIC is conventional phase advance (CPA), which was developed by UQM Technologies, Inc. [3]. Fig. 1 shows the three sets of anti-parallel thyristors in the dashed box that comprise the DMIC. If one removes the dashed box by shorting each set of anti-parallel thyristors, the configuration becomes a conventional full bridge inverter on the left driving a three phase motor on the right. CPA may be used to drive this configuration ORNL's initial analyses of CPA and DMIC were based on driving motors with trapezoidal back-emfs [4-6], obtained using double layer lapped stator windings with one slot per pole per phase. A PM motor with a sinusoidal back-emf obtained with two poles per slot per phase has been analyzed under DMIC operation as a University of Tennessee-Knoxville (UTK) doctoral dissertation [7]. In the process of this research, ORNL has completed an analysis that explains and quantifies the role of inductance in these methods of control. The Appendix includes information on the equations for the three components of phase inductance, L{sub gap}, L{sub slot}, and L{sub endturns}. PM motors inherently have a lower inductance because of the increase in effective air gap caused by the magnet, which is in the denominator of the equation for L{sub gap}. L{sub gap} accounts for about half of the phase inductance. Because of the low inductance, there is a propensity for currents to exceed the motor's rated value. DMIC solves this problem for low-inductance PM motors and, in addition, provides a number of safety features that protect against uncontrolled generator mode operation [8,9]; however, the DMIC topology adds a pair of anti-parallel thyristors in each of the three phases, thereby introducing additional silicon costs as well as additional voltage drops during operation. It poses the tradeoff question; under what conditions can the beneficial features of DMIC offset its additional silicon cost and voltage drop losses? The purpose of this report is to address the tradeoff question. Sections of the report will: (1) review the role of self-inductance in performance and control of PM motors, (2) discuss the bounding inductances for motors with trapezoidal back-emfs under CPA control, (3) discuss the bounding inductances for trapezoidal back-emfs under DMIC, (4) discuss the bounding inductances for the PM synchronous motor (PMSM), (5) present the analysis showing how DMIC minimizes current in PMSMs, (6) present the results of a cost study conducted for two motors driven using a CPA inverter and for two motors driven using DMIC, (7) discuss estimating life cycle cost benefits, and (8) present conclusions.

McKeever, J.W.

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

342

A Preliminary Cost Study of the Dual Mode Inverter Controller  

SciTech Connect

In 1998, the Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Research Center (PEEMRC) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) started a program to investigate alternate field weakening schemes for permanent magnet (PM) motors. The adjective ''alternate'' was used because at that time, outside research emphasis was on motors with interior-mounted PMs (IPMs). The PEEMRC emphasis was placed on motors with surface-mounted PMs (SPMs) because of the relative ease of manufacturing SPM motors compared with the IPM motors. Today the PEEMRC is continuing research on SPMs while examining the IPMs that have been developed by industry. Out of this task--the goal of which was to find ways to drive PM motors that inherently have low inductance at high speeds where their back-emf exceeds the supply voltage--ORNL developed and demonstrated the dual mode inverter control (DMIC) [1,2] method of field weakening for SPM motors. The predecessor of DMIC is conventional phase advance (CPA), which was developed by UQM Technologies, Inc. [3]. Fig. 1 shows the three sets of anti-parallel thyristors in the dashed box that comprise the DMIC. If one removes the dashed box by shorting each set of anti-parallel thyristors, the configuration becomes a conventional full bridge inverter on the left driving a three phase motor on the right. CPA may be used to drive this configuration ORNL's initial analyses of CPA and DMIC were based on driving motors with trapezoidal back-emfs [4-6], obtained using double layer lapped stator windings with one slot per pole per phase. A PM motor with a sinusoidal back-emf obtained with two poles per slot per phase has been analyzed under DMIC operation as a University of Tennessee-Knoxville (UTK) doctoral dissertation [7]. In the process of this research, ORNL has completed an analysis that explains and quantifies the role of inductance in these methods of control. The Appendix includes information on the equations for the three components of phase inductance, L{sub gap}, L{sub slot}, and L{sub endturns}. PM motors inherently have a lower inductance because of the increase in effective air gap caused by the magnet, which is in the denominator of the equation for L{sub gap}. L{sub gap} accounts for about half of the phase inductance. Because of the low inductance, there is a propensity for currents to exceed the motor's rated value. DMIC solves this problem for low-inductance PM motors and, in addition, provides a number of safety features that protect against uncontrolled generator mode operation [8,9]; however, the DMIC topology adds a pair of anti-parallel thyristors in each of the three phases, thereby introducing additional silicon costs as well as additional voltage drops during operation. It poses the tradeoff question; under what conditions can the beneficial features of DMIC offset its additional silicon cost and voltage drop losses? The purpose of this report is to address the tradeoff question. Sections of the report will: (1) review the role of self-inductance in performance and control of PM motors, (2) discuss the bounding inductances for motors with trapezoidal back-emfs under CPA control, (3) discuss the bounding inductances for trapezoidal back-emfs under DMIC, (4) discuss the bounding inductances for the PM synchronous motor (PMSM), (5) present the analysis showing how DMIC minimizes current in PMSMs, (6) present the results of a cost study conducted for two motors driven using a CPA inverter and for two motors driven using DMIC, (7) discuss estimating life cycle cost benefits, and (8) present conclusions.

McKeever, J.W.

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

343

Dispersion relations of externally and thermally excited dust lattice modes in 2D complex plasma crystals  

SciTech Connect

The dispersion relations of the externally and thermally (naturally) excited dust lattice modes (both longitudinal and transverse) in two-dimensional Debye-Yukawa complex plasma crystals are investigated. The dispersion relations are calculated numerically by taking the neutral gas damping effects into account and the numerical results are in agreement with the experimental data given by Nunomura et al.[Phys. Rev. E 65, 066402 (2002)]. It is found that for the mode excited by an external disturbance with a real frequency, the dispersion properties are changed at a critical frequency near where the group velocity of the mode goes to zero. Therefore, the high frequency branch with negative dispersion cannot be reached. In contrast, for the thermally excited mode, the dispersion curve can extend all the way to the negative dispersion region, while a 'cut-off' wave number exists at the long wavelength end of the dispersion in the transverse mode.

Yang Xuefeng; Cui Jian; Zhang Yuan [School of Mathematical Sciences, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Liu Yue [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

344

Exact results on decoherence and entanglement in a system of N driven atoms and a dissipative cavity mode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We solve exactly the dynamics of N strongly driven two-level atoms equally cou- pled on resonance to a dissipative cavity mode. Analytical results are derived on decoherence, entanglement, purity, atomic correlations and cavity field mean photon number. Decoherence-free subspaces are predicted for the whole system and the N-qubit subsystem. Multi-partite entangled states can be conditionally generated. The decay of quantum coherence and purity can be monitored by joint measurements on atomic populations. Atoms prepared in states invariant under permutation of any two components evolve within the subspace spanned by the completely symmetric Dicke states. Applications to N=3,4 illustrate the protection from decoherence of multi-partite atomic entanglement and the conditioned preparation of cavity cat-like states in the transient and/or for low enough cavity decay rate.

Bina, M; Lulli, A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Performance Assessment of Single Electrode-Supported Solid Oxide Cells Operating in the Steam Electrolysis Mode  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An experimental study is under way to assess the performance of electrode-supported solid-oxide cells operating in the steam electrolysis mode for hydrogen production. Results presented in this paper were obtained from single cells, with an active area of 16 cm{sup 2} per cell. The electrolysis cells are electrode-supported, with yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolytes ({approx}10 {mu}m thick), nickel-YSZ steam/hydrogen electrodes ({approx}1400 {mu}m thick), and modified LSM or LSCF air-side electrodes ({approx}90 {mu}m thick). The purpose of the present study is to document and compare the performance and degradation rates of these cells in the fuel cell mode and in the electrolysis mode under various operating conditions. Initial performance was documented through a series of voltage-current (VI) sweeps and AC impedance spectroscopy measurements. Degradation was determined through long-term testing, first in the fuel cell mode, then in the electrolysis mode. Results generally indicate accelerated degradation rates in the electrolysis mode compared to the fuel cell mode, possibly due to electrode delamination. The paper also includes details of an improved single-cell test apparatus developed specifically for these experiments.

X. Zhang; J. E. O'Brien; R. C. O'Brien; N. Petigny

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Inter- and Intra-Observer Variability in Prostate Definition With Tissue Harmonic and Brightness Mode Imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: The objective of this study was to compare the relative utility of tissue harmonic (H) and brightness (B) transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) images of the prostate by studying interobserver and intraobserver variation in prostate delineation. Methods and Materials: Ten patients with early-stage disease were randomly selected. TRUS images of prostates were acquired using B and H modes. The prostates on all images were contoured by an experienced radiation oncologist (RO) and five equally trained observers. The observers were blinded to information regarding patient and imaging mode. The volumes of prostate glands and areas of midgland slices were calculated. Volumes contoured were compared among the observers and between observer group and RO. Contours on one patient were repeated five times by four observers to evaluate the intraobserver variability. Results: A one-sample Student t-test showed the volumes outlined by five observers are in agreement (p > 0.05) with the RO. Paired Student t-test showed prostate volumes (p = 0.008) and midgland areas (p = 0.006) with H mode were significantly smaller than that with B mode. Two-factor analysis of variances showed significant interobserver variability (p =}35 cc), B mode provided more consistent estimates. Conclusions: H mode provided superior inter- and intraobserver agreement in prostate volume definition for small to medium prostates. In large glands, H mode does not exhibit any additional advantage. Although harmonic imaging has not proven advantageous for all cases, its utilization seems to be judicious for small prostates.

Sandhu, Gurpreet Kaur, E-mail: Gurpreet.Sandhu2@albertahealthservices.ca [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Dunscombe, Peter [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Meyer, Tyler [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Pavamani, Simon [Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, Christian Medical College, Vellore (India); Khan, Rao [Department of Medical Physics, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Microsoft PowerPoint - ZhouNing_ModeMeter_CERTS 02.pptx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Presenter: Ning Zhou Presenter: Ning Zhou Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ning.zhou@pnnl.gov 27/28 June 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program Work Team  PNNL Team - Ning Zhou - Frank Tuffner  The work under this project closely aligns and collaborates with the research under the TRP project "Measurement Based Stability Assessment" being conducted by: - Dan Trudnowski, Montana Tech - John Pierre, University of Wyoming - Louis Scharf, Colorado State University (Retired) - Many graduate students 2 Project Objective: Mode Identification  Problem formulation: - Lightly damped mode => growing oscillations => system breakup => large scale outage - Low confidence in oscillatory modes => conservative

348

A wide bandwidth free-electron laser with mode locking using current modulation.  

SciTech Connect

A new scheme for mode locking a free-electron laser amplifier is proposed based on electron beam current modulation. It is found that certain properties of the original concept, based on the energy modulation of electrons, are improved including the spectral brightness of the source and the purity of the series of short pulses. Numerical comparisons are made between the new and old schemes and between a mode-locked free-electron laser and self-amplified spontaneous emission free-electron laser. Illustrative examples using a hypothetical mode-locked free-electron laser amplifier are provided. The ability to generate intense coherent radiation with a large bandwidth is demonstrated.

Kur, E.; Dunning, D. J.; McNeil, B. W. J.; Wurtele, J.; Zholents, A. A. (Accelerator Systems Division (APS)); (Univ. of California at Berkeley); (Univ. of Strathclyde); (STFC Daresbury Lab.); (LBNL)

2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

349

Continuum modes in rotating plasmas: General equations and continuous spectra for large aspect ratio tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

A theory for localized low-frequency ideal magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) modes in axisymmetric toroidal systems is generalized to take into account both toroidal and poloidal equilibrium plasma flows. The general set of equations describing the coupling of shear Alfven and slow (sound) modes and defining the continuous spectrum of rotating plasmas in axisymmetric toroidal systems is derived. The equations are applied to study the continuous spectra in large aspect ratio tokamaks. The unstable continuous modes in the case of predominantly poloidal plasma rotation with the angular velocity exceeding the sound frequency are found. Their stabilization by the shear Alfven coupling effect is studied.

Lakhin, V. P. [NRC ''Kurchatov Institute'', 1 Kurchatov Sqr., Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); Ilgisonis, V. I. [NRC ''Kurchatov Institute'', 1 Kurchatov Sqr., Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); People's Friendship University of Russia, 3 Ordzhonikidze Str., Moscow 117198 (Russian Federation)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

350

Assessing the Influence of Regional SST Modes on the Winter Temperature in China: the Effect of Tropical Pacific and Atlantic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the influence of different sea surface temperature (SST) modes on the winter temperature in China using the Generalized Equilibrium Feedback Assessment (GEFA). It is found that the second EOF mode of winter temperature in ...

Zhihong Jiang; Hao Yang; Zhengyu Liu; Yanzhu Wu; Na Wen

351

Utilization of Normal Mode Initial Conditions for Detecting Errors in the Dynamics Part of Primitive Equation Global Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When a global atmospheric basic state has constant angular velocity and its temperature varies with attitude only, there exist normal mode solutions to the linearized global primitive equations. The use of these normal modes, which have known ...

Winston C. Chao; Marvin A. Geller

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Principal Modes of Atmospheric Variability in Model Atmospheres with and without Anomalous Sea Surface Temperature Forcing in the Tropical Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Principal modes of low-frequency atmospheric variability and the influence of sea surface temperature anomalies on such modes are investigated by examining the output from two general circulation model experiments. In the first experiment (the “...

In-Sik Kang; Ngar-Cheung Lau

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Linear Equatorial Wave Mode Initialization in a Model of the Tropical Pacific Ocean: An Initialization Scheme for Tropical Ocean Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data assimilation in models of the tropical oceans can generate spurious equatorial wave modes which are potentially harmful to the model background fields. The amplitudes of these spurious wave modes can often be large and, in general, depend ...

Andrew M. Moore

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Enhancement-mode AlGaN/GaN HEMTs with high linearity fabricated by hydrogen plasma treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enhancement-mode (E-mode) AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) are highly desirable for power and digital electronic circuits. Several technologies have been demonstrated in the last few years to fabricate ...

Palacios, Tomas

355

Propagating Bottom Pressure Signals around Antarctica at 1–2-Day Periods and Implications for Ocean Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies of barotropic ocean dynamics have shown that several global normal modes are possible at periods between 1 and 2 days. The role of these modes in diurnal tidal dynamics is well documented, but finding evidence for their direct ...

Rui M. Ponte; Naoki Hirose

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Report on Wood Pole and Crossarm Degradation Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report covers the typical types of wood used in transmission line construction. The species can be categorized by their level of corrosion resistance, the type of preservative treatment that is appropriate and the type of decay that is predominant. This market has the benefit of experience and training gained through years of pole maintenance practices, research and the techniques that migrate directly to crossarm maintenance.

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

357

Dynamical Evolution of Pedestal Parameters in ELMy H-mode in the National Spherical Torus Experiment  

SciTech Connect

Characterizations of the pedestal parameter dynamics throughout the edge localized modes(ELM) cycles are performed on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX, [M. Ono et al., Nucl. Fusion 40, 557 (2000)]). A clear buildup of the pedestal height is observed between ELMs for three di erent plasma currents, which tends to saturate prior to the onset of ELM at low and medium plasma current. Similarly, the pedestal width increases with no clear evidence of saturation during an ELM cycle. The maximum pedestal gradient increases as a function of plasma current, reaches a nominal value after the ELM crash, and remains constant until the end of the ELM cycle. The pedestal height just prior to the onset of ELM is shown to increase quadratically with plasma current. The pedestal width ? is proportional to the square-root of the poloidal ? at the top of the pedestal. Coherent density uctuations strongly increasing at the plasma edge are observed to be maximum after the ELM crash and to decay during the rest of the ELM cycle. Finally, the pedestal parameters evolution during the ELM cycle as well as the scaling with Ip of the pedestal pressure prior to the onset ELM are found to be qualitatively consistent with the peeling ballooning theory.

Diallo, A; Kubota, S; Sontag, A; Osborne, T; Podesta, M; Bell, R E; LeBlanc, B P; Menard, J

2011-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

358

Fully Nonlinear Edge Gyrokinetic Simulations of Kinetic Geodesic-Acoustic Modes and Boundary Flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present edge gyrokinetic neoclassical simulations of tokamak plasmas using the fully nonlinear (full-f) continuum code TEMPEST. A nonlinear Boltzmann model is used for the electrons. The electric field is obtained by solving the 2D gyrokinetic Poisson Equation. We demonstrate the following: (1) High harmonic resonances (n > 2) significantly enhance geodesic-acoustic mode (GAM) damping at high-q (tokamak safety factor), and are necessary to explain both the damping observed in our TEMPEST q-scans and experimental measurements of the scaling of the GAM amplitude with edge q{sub 95} in the absence of obvious evidence that there is a strong q dependence of the turbulent drive and damping of the GAM. (2) The kinetic GAM exists in the edge for steep density and temperature gradients in the form of outgoing waves, its radial scale is set by the ion temperature profile, and ion temperature inhomogeneity is necessary for GAM radial propagation. (3) The development of the neoclassical electric field evolves through different phases of relaxation, including GAMs, their radial propagation, and their long-time collisional decay. (4) Natural consequences of orbits in the pedestal and scrape-off layer region in divertor geometry are substantial non-Maxwellian ion distributions and flow characteristics qualitatively like those observed in experiments.

Xu, X Q; Belli, E; Bodi, K; Candy, J; Chang, C S; Cohen, B I; Cohen, R H; Colella, P; Dimits, A M; Dorr, M R; Gao, Z; Hittinger, J A; Ko, S; Krasheninnikov, S; McKee, G R; Nevins, W M; Rognlien, T D; Snyder, P B; Suh, J; Umansky, M V

2008-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

359

Tackling the Improved Control of Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Research Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tackling the Improved Control of Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Research Update Tackling the Improved Control of Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Research Update Speaker(s): Peter May-Ostendorp Date: March 29, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: William Fisk (This presentation by Peter May-Ostendorp will begin with an introduction to building energy research at UC Boulder, by Prof. Gregor Henze.) Mixed-mode (MM) cooling is a promising building design strategy for low-energy cooling that incorporates natural ventilation alongside other forms of space conditioning. A properly designed system will intelligently switch between modes of cooling to maximize energy savings, while preserving occupant comfort. The near-optimal operation of MM buildings is explored through a model-predictive control (MPC) study using a purpose-built optimization environment coupled to EnergyPlus. Preliminary

360

Solar-like oscillations in subgiant and red-giant stars: mixed modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thanks to significant improvements in high-resolution spectrographs and the launch of dedicated space missions MOST, CoRoT and Kepler, the number of subgiants and red-giant stars with detected oscillations has increased significantly over the last decade. The amount of detail that can now be resolved in the oscillation patterns does allow for in-depth investigations of the internal structures of these stars. One phenomenon that plays an important role in such studies are mixed modes. These are modes that carry information of the inner radiative region as well as from the convective outer part of the star allowing to probe different depths of the stars. Here, we describe mixed modes and highlight some recent results obtained using mixed modes observed in subgiants and red-giant stars.

Hekker, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Interannual Variations of North Pacific Subtropical Mode Water in the 137°E Section  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Examination of interannual variations of North Pacific subtropical mode water (STMW) in the 137°E repeat hydrographic section by Suga et al. is extended to seek a relation between changes in STMW renewal and the wintertime cooling. Time series of ...

Toshio Suga; Kimio Hanawa

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

New Altimetric Estimates of Mode-1 M2 Internal Tides in the Central North Pacific Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New estimates of mode-1 M2 internal tide energy flux are computed from an extended Ocean Topography Experiment (TOPEX)/Poseidon (T/P) altimeter dataset that includes both the original and tandem tracks, improving spatial resolution over previous ...

Zhongxiang Zhao; Matthew H. Alford

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Observed Atmospheric Responses to Global SST Variability Modes: A Unified Assessment Using GEFA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present a comprehensive assessment of the observed atmospheric response to SST variability modes in a unified approach using the Generalized Equilibrium Feedback Analysis (GEFA). This study confirms a dominant atmospheric response to ...

Na Wen; Zhengyu Liu; Qinyu Liu; Claude Frankignoul

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

A Mechanism and Simple Dynamical Model of the North Atlantic Oscillation and Annular Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple dynamical model is presented for the basic spatial and temporal structure of the large-scale modes of intraseasonal variability and associated variations in the zonal index. Such variability in the extratropical atmosphere is known to be ...

Geoffrey K. Vallis; Edwin P. Gerber; Paul J. Kushner; Benjamin A. Cash

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

The Behavior of Gravitational Modes in Numerical Forecasts with the NCAR Community Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Characteristics of gravitational-wave noise in noninitialized forecasts were investigated with the NCAR Community Climate Model. Forecasts were begun from FGGE analyses. The behavior of individual, gravitational normal modes was examined. In ...

R. M. Errico; D. L. Williamson

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Transportation Sector Energy Use by Fuel Type Within a Mode from EIA AEO  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sector Energy Use by Fuel Type Within a Mode from EIA AEO Sector Energy Use by Fuel Type Within a Mode from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Dataset Summary Description Supplemental Table 46 of EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Source EIA Date Released December 08th, 2010 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords AEO Annual Energy Outlook EIA Energy Information Administration Fuel mode TEF transportation Transportation Energy Futures Data text/csv icon Transportation_Sector_Energy_Use_by_Fuel_Type_Within_a_Mode.csv (csv, 144.3 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote

367

Westward Propagating Normal Modes in the Presence of Stationary Background Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the nondivergent barotropic vorticity equation linearized about zonally asymmetric wintertime mean flows are calculated to determine which barotropic modes might contribute to westward propagating disturbances ...

Grant Branstator; Isaac Held

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Comfort standards and variation in exceedance for mixed-mode buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASHRAE 55 adaptive comfort model and the PPD model across all 16 climate zonesASHRAE 55 adaptive comfort model versus PPD for the mixed- mode case with baseline gains in every climate zone

Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Modeling preferences for innovative modes and services : a case study in Lisbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increases in car ownership and usage have resulted in serious traffic congestion problems in many large cities worldwide. Innovative travel modes and services can play an important role in improving the efficiency and ...

Yang, Lang, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

The South Pacific Meridional Mode: A Mechanism for ENSO-like Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study we investigate the connection between the South Pacific atmospheric variability and the tropical Pacific climate in models of different degrees of coupling between atmosphere and ocean. A robust mode of variability, defined as the ...

Honghai Zhang; Amy Clement; Pedro Di Nezio

371

Flip-Flop Modes in Symmetric and Asymmetric Colliding-Beam Storage Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Investigation of the 'Flip-Flop' Beam-Beam Effect inequilibrium. This is not a :'flip-flop" equilibrium. ~I:t·LBL-28013 ESG Note-81 Flip-Flop Modes in Symmetric and

Tennyson, J.L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Three-mode Gaussian states in quantum information with continuous variables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The structural aspects of tripartite entanglement in three-mode Gaussian states of continuous variable systems have been studied in [Adesso G, Serafini A and Illuminati F 2006 Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 73} 032345]. Here we focus our attention on the usefulness of such states in the context of realistic processing of continuous-variable quantum information. We introduce and discuss in detail several examples of pure and mixed three-mode states that stand out for their informational and/or entanglement properties. We then describe practical schemes to engineer such states with linear optics. In particular, we introduce a simple procedure -- based on passive optical elements -- to produce pure three-mode Gaussian states with {\\em arbitrary} entanglement structure (upon availability of an initial single-mode squeezed state). We analyze in detail the properties of distributed entanglement, showing that the promiscuity of entanglement sharing is a feature peculiar to symmetric Gaussian states that survives even in the pres...

Adesso, G; Serafini, A; Adesso, Gerardo; Illuminati, Fabrizio; Serafini, Alessio

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Leading Tropical Modes Associated with Interannual and Multidecadal Fluctuations in North Atlantic Hurricane Activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interannual and multidecadal extremes in Atlantic hurricane activity are shown to result from a coherent and interrelated set of atmospheric and oceanic conditions associated with three leading modes of climate variability in the Tropics. All ...

Gerald D. Bell; Muthuvel Chelliah

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere–Ice Response to Variations in the Southern Annular Mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coupled ocean–atmosphere–ice response to variations in the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) is examined in the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Coupled Climate Model (version 2). The model shows considerable skill in ...

Alexander Sen Gupta; Matthew H. England

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Interannual Tasmanian Rainfall Variability Associated with Large-Scale Climate Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interannual rainfall variability over Tasmania is examined using observations and reanalysis data. Tasmanian rainfall is dominated by an east–west gradient of mean rainfall and variability. The Pacific–South American mode (PSA), El Niño–Southern ...

Khalia J. Hill; Agus Santoso; Matthew H. England

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Numerical Investigations with a Hybrid Isentropic–Sigma Model. Part I: Normal-Mode Characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a validation experiment of a hybrid isentropic–sigma coordinate primitive equation model developed at the University of Wisconsin (the UW ??? model), an initial value technique is used to investigate numerically the normal-mode characteristics ...

R. Bradley Pierce; Fred M. Reames; Tom H. Zapotocny; Donald R. Johnson; Bart J. Wolf

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Zonal Asymmetry of the Annular Mode and Its Downstream Subtropical Jet: An Idealized Model Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates linkages between the zonal asymmetry of the annular mode (AM) zonal pattern and the subtropical jet (STJ) over its downstream regions of the storm track by using an idealized model. Observational analyses show that the AM ...

Jie Song; Wen Zhou; Xin Wang; Chongyin Li

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

On the Role of Ozone in the Stability of Rossby Normal Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of ozone in the linear stability of Rossby normal modes is examined in a continuously stratified, extratropical baroclinic atmosphere. The flow is described by coupled equations for the quasi-geostrophic potential vorticity and ozone ...

Terrence R. Nathan

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

The influence of rest period instructions on the default mode network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The default mode network (DMN) refers to regional brain activity that is greater during rest periods than during attention-demanding tasks; many studies have reported DMN alterations in patient populations. It has also ...

Benjamin, Christopher

380

High repetition rate mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers with complete electric field control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent advances in fully-stabilized mode-locked laser systems are enabling many applications, including optical arbitrary waveform generation (OAWG). In this thesis work, we describe the development of high repetition-rate ...

Sickler, Jason William, 1978-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Spectral Representation of Three-Dimensional Global Data by Expansion in Normal Mode Functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To represent atmospheric data spectrally in three indices (zonal wavenumber, and meridional and vertical modal indices), we propose to use three-dimensional normal mode functions (NMF's) to express the wind and mass fields simultaneously. The NMF'...

Akira Kasahara; Kamal Puri

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Commande d'une olienne base de GADA par modes glissants d'ordre suprieur et  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In this context, a control strategy is proposed to ensure power extraction optimization of a DFIG-based wind observer and second-order sliding mode for the DFIG control. This strategy presents attractive features

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

383

Indian Ocean variability in the CMIP5 multi-model ensemble: The basin mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates the simulation of the Indian Ocean Basin (IOB) mode and relevant physical processes in Coupled Model Intercomparison Projects phase 5 (CMIP5) models. Historical runs from 20 CMIP5 models are available for the analysis. They ...

Yan Du; Shang-Ping Xie; Ya-Li Yang; Xiao-Tong Zheng; Lin Liu; Gang Huang

384

The Pacific Center of Action of the Northern Hemisphere Annular Mode: Real or Artifact?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The leading empirical orthogonal function (EOF) of the sea level pressure (SLP) field, referred to as the Arctic Oscillation (AO) or Northern Hemisphere annular mode (NAM), consists of a dipole between the polar cap region and the surrounding ...

John M. Wallace; David W. J. Thompson

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Multi-mode two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy of peptides and proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, a methodology for understanding structural stability of proteins through multi-mode two-dimensional infrared (2D IR) spectroscopy is developed. The experimental framework for generation of broadband infrared ...

DeFlores, Lauren P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

On the Northern Annular Mode Surface Signal Associated with Stratospheric Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The wintertime northern annular mode (NAM) at the surface is known to undergo slow intraseasonal variations in association with stratospheric variability, which leads the surface signal by up to several weeks. The relative contributions, however, ...

Torben Kunz; Richard J. Greatbatch

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Dynamics of long flexible cylinders at high-mode number in uniform and sheared flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary objective of this thesis is to characterize the response of risers at high-mode numbers in sheared and uniform ocean currents. As part of this thesis work, three separate experiments have been planned and ...

Swithenbank, Susan B. (Susan Brenda)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

The Instability of Rossby Basin Modes and the Oceanic Eddy Field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Low-frequency, large-scale baroclinic Rossby basin modes, resistant to scale-dependent dissipation, have been recently theoretically analyzed and discussed as possible efficient coupling agents with the atmosphere for interactions on decadal time ...

J. H. LaCasce; J. Pedlosky

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The Role of Ocean Dynamics in the Interaction between the Atlantic Meridional and Equatorial Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines a mechanism of the interaction between the tropical Atlantic meridional and equatorial modes. To derive robust heat content (HC) variability, the ensemble-mean HC anomalies (HCA) of six state-of-the-art global ocean reanalyses ...

Jieshun Zhu; Bohua Huang; Zhaohua Wu

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Design of 10 GeV laser wakefield accelerator stages with shaped laser modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DESIGN OF 10 GEV LASER WAKEFIELD ACCELERATORSTAGES WITH SHAPED LASER MODES ? E. Cormier-Michel, E.PAL framework, of 10 GeV laser plasma wake?eld ac- celerator

Cormier-Michel, Estelle

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Simulation of Subantarctic Mode and Antarctic Intermediate Waters in Climate Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Southern Ocean’s Subantarctic Mode Water (SAMW) and Antarctic Intermediate Water (AAIW) are two globally significant upper-ocean water masses that circulate in all Southern Hemisphere subtropical gyres and cross the equator to enter the North ...

Bernadette M. Sloyan; Igor V. Kamenkovich

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Resonance Excitation of Longitudinal High Order Modes in Project X Linac  

SciTech Connect

Results of simulation of power loss due to excitation of longitudinal high order modes (HOMs) in the accelerating superconducting RF system of CW linac of Project X are presented. Beam structures corresponding to the various modes of Project X operation are considered: CW regime for 3 GeV physics program; pulsed mode for neutrino experiments; and pulsed regime, when Project X linac operates as a driver for Neutrino Factory/Muon Collider. Power loss and associated heat load due to resonance excitation of longitudinal HOMs are shown to be small in all modes of operation. Conclusion is made that HOM couplers can be removed from the design of superconducting RF cavities of Project X linac.

Khabiboulline, T.N.; Sukhanov, A.AUTHOR = Awida, M.; Gonin, I.; Lunin, A.AUTHOR = Solyak, N.; Yakovlev, V.; /Fermilab

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

THE SLOW-MODE NATURE OF COMPRESSIBLE WAVE POWER IN SOLAR WIND TURBULENCE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use a large, statistical set of measurements from the Wind spacecraft at 1 AU, and supporting synthetic spacecraft data based on kinetic plasma theory, to show that the compressible component of inertial range solar wind turbulence is primarily in the kinetic slow mode. The zero-lag cross-correlation C({delta}n, {delta}B{sub ||}) between proton density fluctuations {delta}n and the field-aligned (compressible) component of the magnetic field {delta}B{sub ||} is negative and close to -1. The typical dependence of C({delta}n, {delta}B{sub ||}) on the ion plasma beta {beta}{sub i} is consistent with a spectrum of compressible wave energy that is almost entirely in the kinetic slow mode. This has important implications for both the nature of the density fluctuation spectrum and for the cascade of kinetic turbulence to short wavelengths, favoring evolution to the kinetic Alfven wave mode rather than the (fast) whistler mode.

Howes, G. G.; Klein, K. G.; TenBarge, J. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 (United States); Bale, S. D.; Chen, C. H. K.; Salem, C. S. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Fine Pattern of Natural Modes in Sea Surface Temperature Variability: 1985–2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A natural mode refers, in this study, to a periodic oscillation of sea surface temperature (SST) that is geophysically significant on a global, regional, or local scale. Using a newly developed harmonic extraction scheme by Chen, which has the ...

Ge Chen; Haitao Li

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Oscillatory Climate Modes in the Eastern Mediterranean and Their Synchronization with the North Atlantic Oscillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oscillatory climatic modes over the North Atlantic, Ethiopian Plateau, and eastern Mediterranean were examined in instrumental and proxy records from these regions. Aside from the well-known North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index and the Nile ...

Yizhak Feliks; Michael Ghil; Andrew W. Robertson

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Structure of SST and Surface Wind Variability during Indian Ocean Dipole Mode Events: COADS Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study of the detailed spatiotemporal characteristics of the Indian Ocean dipole (IOD) mode in SST and surface winds using available observations from 1958 till 1997 is reported. The analysis is used to address several of the controversial ...

N. H. Saji; T. Yamagata

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Suboptimal Assessment of Interunit Task Interdependence: Modes of Integration and Information Processing for Coordination Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This investigation extends previous research on cross-functional integration. Building on earlier theoretical development, a graduated sequence of modes of integration is tested in relation to interunit task interdependence in a global logistics support ... Keywords: coordination, integration, interdependence, uncertainty

J. Daniel Sherman; Robert T. Keller

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Transportation Sector Energy Use by Fuel Type Within a Mode from...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transportation Sector Energy Use by Fuel Type Within a Mode from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Supplemental Table 46 of EIA AEO 2011 Early Release
2011-02-23T15:55:10Z...

399

Freight mode choice : air transport versus ocean transport in the 1990's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Value density is often considered when considering the choice whether to ship cargo by air or by water. However, although cargo value is directly linked to the overall cost of shipment, it is the deciding factor in mode ...

Lewis, Dale B.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Reliability analysis of component-based systems with multiple failure modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel approach to the reliability modeling and analysis of a component-based system that allows dealing with multiple failure modes and studying the error propagation among components. The proposed model permits to specify the components ...

Antonio Filieri; Carlo Ghezzi; Vincenzo Grassi; Raffaela Mirandola

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Design and Evaluation of a 42-V Automotive Alternator With Integrated Switched-Mode Rectifier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents techniques for the design of high-power Lundell alternators with integrated switched-mode rectifiers. A multisection stator winding and interleaved rectifier arrangement is introduced that enables high ...

Tang, Sai Chun

402

Mechanisms of Thermohaline Mode Switching with Application to Warm Equable Climates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-box model of haline and thermal mode overturning is developed to study thermohaline oscillations found in a number of ocean general circulation models and that might have occurred in warm equable paleoclimates. By including convective ...

Rong Zhang; Michael Follows; John Marshall

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Occupant Response to Window Control Signaling Systems; Appendix C: Mixed-mode Signal Case Study Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

my window it will waste energy.  Even so I open the windowwindown wouldn’t waste energy. ” Window Signaling Systems:and large, preventing energy waste during the red light mode

Ackerly, Katie; Brager, Gail

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Real-Time Monitoring and Prediction of Modes of Coherent Synoptic to Intraseasonal Tropical Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique of near-real-time monitoring and prediction of various modes of coherent synoptic to intraseasonal zonally propagating tropical variability is developed. It involves Fourier filtering of a daily updated global dataset for the specific ...

Matthew Wheeler; Klaus M. Weickmann

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Interannual and Decadal Variations of Planetary Wave Activity, Stratospheric Cooling, and Northern Hemisphere Annular Mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using NCEP–NCAR 51-yr reanalysis data, the interannual and decadal variations of planetary wave activity and its relationship to stratospheric cooling, and the Northern Hemisphere Annular mode (NAM), are studied. It is found that winter ...

Yongyun Hu; Ka Kit Tung

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A steady-state L-mode tokamak fusion reactor : large scale and minimum scale.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We perform extensive analysis on the physics of L-mode tokamak fusion reactors to identify (1) a favorable parameter space for a large scale steady-state reactor… (more)

Reed, Mark W. (Mark Wilbert)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Measurements of the Higher Order Modes of the ALS 500 MHz Accelerating Cavities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2] "Coupled-bunch Stability at the ALS", J. M. Byrd and J.this conference. [3] "The ALS Storage Ring RF System", B.Higher Order Modes of the ALS 500 MHz Accelerating Cavities

Corlett, J.N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The Cascade of Tidal Energy from Low to High Modes on a Continental Slope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linear transfer of tidal energy from large to small scales is quantified for small tidal excursion over a near-critical continental slope. A theoretical framework for low-wavenumber energy transfer is derived from “flat bottom” vertical modes ...

Samuel M. Kelly; Jonathan D. Nash; Kim I. Martini; Matthew H. Alford; Eric Kunze

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Failure modes of a concrete nuclear-containment building subjected to hydrogen detonation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Calculated response for the Indian Point reactor containment building to static internal pressure and one case of a dynamic pressure representing hydrogen combustion and detonation are presented. Comparison of the potential failure modes is made. 9 figures.

Fugelso, L.E.; Butler, T.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Control of Mode and Intermediate Water Mass Properties in Drake Passage by the Amundsen Sea Low  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of the physical properties of Subantarctic Mode Water (SAMW) and Antarctic Intermediate Water (AAIW) in the Drake Passage region is examined on time scales down to intraseasonal, within the 1969–2009 period. Both SAMW and AAIW ...

Sally E. Close; Alberto C. Naveira Garabato; Elaine L. McDonagh; Brian A. King; Martin Biuw; Lars Boehme

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

A Station-Based Southern Annular Mode Index from 1884 to 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atmospheric pressure observations from the Southern Hemisphere are used to estimate monthly and annually averaged indexes of the southern annular mode (SAM) back to 1884. This analysis groups all relevant observations in the following four ...

Martin Visbeck

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Wind-Driven Transport Fluctuations through Drake Passage: A Southern Mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is proposed that, for periods between about 10 and 220 days, the variability in Antarctic circumpolar transport is dominated by a barotropic mode that follows f/H contours almost everywhere. Theoretical arguments are given that suggest the ...

Chris W. Hughes; Mike P. Meredith; Karen J. Heywood

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Simulation and Projection of the Southern Hemisphere Annular Mode in CMIP5 Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate variability in the Southern Hemisphere (SH) extratropical regions is dominated by the SH Annular Mode (SAM). Future changes in the SAM could have a large influence on climate over broad regions. In this paper, we utilized model simulations ...

Fei Zheng; Jianping Li; Robin T. Clark; Hyacinth C. Nnamchi

414

Using Temporal Modes of Rainfall to Evaluate the Performance of a Numerical Weather Prediction Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors demonstrate that much can be learned about the performance of a numerical weather prediction (NWP) model by examining the temporal modes of its simulated rainfall. Observations from the Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler (WSR-88D)...

Jason C. Knievel; David A. Ahijevych; Kevin W. Manning

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Spatial hole burning in actively mode-locked quantum cascade lasers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A theoretical study of active mode-locking in quantum cascade lasers including spatial hole-burning is presented. It is found that spatial hole-burning reduces the pulse duration at the expense of slight pulse instability ...

Kartner, Franz X.

416

An Unsuspected Boundary-Induced Temporal Computational Mode in a Two-Time-Level Discretization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Normal-mode analyses are applied to various discrete forms of the one-dimensional, linearized, vertical acoustic equations in a height-based coordinate. First, the temporally discrete, spatially continuous equations are considered and the normal ...

Andrew Staniforth; Nigel Wood

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Normal Mode Initialization and the Generation of Gravity Waves by Quasi-Geostrophic Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several numerical weather prediction models now use nonlinear normal-mode initialization schemes. These schemes describe balanced states which act to limit the initial presence of high-frequency gravity waves and their subsequent growth by ...

Ronald M. Errico

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Laboratory Measurements of Small Raindrop Distortion. Part 2: Oscillation Frequencies and Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The oscillation frequencies and modes of small raindrops (1.04–1.54-mm diameter) were determined from laboratory experiments using water drops generated at terminal velocity at a fall distance sufficient for initial oscillations to damp out. ...

Kenneth V. Beard; Rodney J. Kubesh

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Indian Ocean Variability in the CMIP5 Multimodel Ensemble: The Basin Mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates the simulation of the Indian Ocean Basin (IOB) mode and relevant physical processes in models from phase 5 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5). Historical runs from 20 CMIP5 models are available for the ...

Yan Du; Shang-Ping Xie; Ya-Li Yang; Xiao-Tong Zheng; Lin Liu; Gang Huang

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

MIT's Plasma Science Fusion Center: I-Mode Powers Up on Alcator...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MIT's Plasma Science Fusion Center: I-Mode Powers Up on Alcator C-Mod Tokamak American Fusion News Category: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Link: MIT's Plasma Science...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Capped ED-Mode AlN/GaN Inverters - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The demonstrated inverter is operating at VDD = 5 V and consists of an enhancement- and depletion-mode HEMT with 1.5 nm thin subcritical AlN ...

422

Mode-Stirred Method Implementation for HIRF Susceptibility Testing and Results Comparison with Anechoic Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the implementation of mode-stirred method for susceptibility testing according to the current DO-160D standard. Test results on an Engine Data Processor using the implemented procedure and the comparisons with the standard anechoic ...

Nguyen Truong X.; Ely Jay J.; Koppen Sandra V.

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

The association of tropical and extratropical climate modes to atmospheric blocking across southeastern Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relationships of the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) with atmospheric blocking are investigated using a linear framework over the austral autumn-spring (cool) seasons for southeast ...

Tim Cowan; Peter van Rensch; Ariaan Purich; Wenju Cai

424

Stability and instability of a hot and dilute nuclear droplet. II. Dissipative isoscalar modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results on dissipative isoscalar modes of a hot and dilute nuclear droplet are presented. As compared to the adiabatic limit (part I), realistic dissipation yields a substantial reduction of the growth rates for all unstable modes, while the area of spinodal instability in the ($\\varrho$,T)-plane remains unchanged. The qualitative features of multifragmentation through spinodal decomposition as obtained in the adiabatic limit are not significantly affected by dissipation.

W. Nörenberg; G. Papp; P. Rozmej

2002-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

425

Entanglement of two-mode Gaussian states: characterization and experimental production and manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A powerful theoretical structure has emerged in recent years on the characterization and quantification of entanglement in continuous-variable systems. After reviewing this framework, we will illustrate it with an original set-up based on a type-II OPO with adjustable mode coupling. Experimental results allow a direct verification of many theoretical predictions and provide a sharp insight into the general properties of two-mode Gaussian states and entanglement resource manipulation.

Laurat, J; Oliveira-Huguenin, J A; Fabre, C; Coudreau, T; Serafini, A; Adesso, G; Illuminati, F; Laurat, Julien; Keller, Ga\\"{e}lle; Oliveira-Huguenin, Jose-Augusto; Fabre, Claude; Coudreau, Thomas; Serafini, Alessio; Adesso, Gerardo; Illuminati, Fabrizio

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Mode-coupling Cerenkov sum-frequency-generation in a multimode planar waveguide  

SciTech Connect

We present experimental and theoretical studies of the mode-coupling Cerenkov sum-frequency radiations in a multimode LiNbO{sub 3} planar waveguide. The radiations result from the coupling of different guided modes of the fundamental wave, which have the same optical frequencies but different propagation constants. At the same time, scattering-involved Cerenkov sum-frequency-generation was also observed and discussed. Our theoretical predictions are in well accordance with the experimental results.

Chen Changdong; Su Jie; Xu Ping; Hu Xiaopeng; Zhao Gang; Liu Yanhua; Lv Xinjie; Zhu Shining [Department of Physics, National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Zhang Yong [Department of Physics, National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); School of Modern Engineering and Applied Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093 (China)

2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

427

Entanglement and purity of two-mode Gaussian states in noisy channels  

SciTech Connect

We study the evolution of purity, entanglement, and total correlations of general two-mode continuous variable Gaussian states in arbitrary uncorrelated Gaussian environments. The time evolution of purity, von Neumann entropy, logarithmic negativity, and mutual information is analyzed for a wide range of initial conditions. In general, we find that a local squeezing of the bath leads to a faster degradation of purity and entanglement, while it can help to preserve the mutual information between the modes.

Serafini, Alessio; Illuminati, Fabrizio; De Siena, Silvio [Dipartimento di Fisica 'E. R. Caianiello', Universita di Salerno, INFM UdR Salerno, INFN Sezione di Napoli, Gruppo Collegato Salerno, Via S. Allende, 84081 Baronissi, SA (Italy); Paris, Matteo G.A. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Milano, Milan (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', Universita di Pavia, Pavia (Italy)

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Entanglement of two-mode Gaussian states: characterization and experimental production and manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A powerful theoretical structure has emerged in recent years on the characterization and quantification of entanglement in continuous-variable systems. After reviewing this framework, we will illustrate it with an original set-up based on a type-II OPO with adjustable mode coupling. Experimental results allow a direct verification of many theoretical predictions and provide a sharp insight into the general properties of two-mode Gaussian states and entanglement resource manipulation.

Julien Laurat; Gaëlle Keller; Jose-Augusto Oliveira-Huguenin; Claude Fabre; Thomas Coudreau; Alessio Serafini; Gerardo Adesso; Fabrizio Illuminati

2005-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

429

Baroclinic Instability in an Euler Equations–Based Column Model: The Coexistence of a Deep Synoptic-Scale Mode and Shallow Subsynoptic-Scale Modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors provide a detailed analysis of a shallow mode of subsynoptic-scale baroclinic instability by analyzing a one-dimensional column model in which the assumption of balance is applied to the basic-state flow but in which nongeostrophic ...

Yasuhiro H. Yamazaki; W. R. Peltier

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Higher Order Modes Damping Analysis for the SPX Deflecting Cavity Cryomodule  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A single-cell superconducting deflecting cavity operating at 2.812 GHz has been proposed and designed for the Short Pulse X-ray (SPX) project for the Advanced Photon Source upgrade. A cryomodule of 4 such cavities will be needed to produce the required 2-MV deflecting voltage. Each deflecting cavity is equipped with one fundamental power coupler (FPC), one lower order mode (LOM) coupler, and two higher order mode (HOM) couplers to achieve the stringent damping requirements for the unwanted modes. The damping of the HOM/LOM modes below the beampipe cutoff has been analyzed in the single cavity geometry and shown to meet the design requirements. The HOMs above beam pipe cutoff in the 4-cavity cyromodule, however, may result in cross coupling which may affect the HOM damping and potentially trapped modes between the cavities which could produce RF heating to the beamline bellows and even be detrimental to the beam. We have evaluated the HOM damping and trapped modes in the 4-cavity cryomodule using the parallel finite element EM code ACE3P developed at SLAC. We will present the results of the cryomodule analysis in this paper.

L. Xiao, Z. Li, C.-K. Ng, A. Nassiri, G.J. Waldschmidt, G. Wu, R.A. Rimmer, H. Wang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Simulation of Non-resonant Internal Kink Mode with Toroidal Rotation in NSTX  

SciTech Connect

Plasmas in spherical and conventional tokamaks, with weakly reversed shear q pro le and minimum q above but close to unity, are susceptible to an non-resonant (m, n ) = (1, 1) internal kink mode. This mode can saturate and persist and can induce a (2; 1) seed island for Neoclassical Tearing Mode (NTMs)1 . The mode can also lead to large energetic particle transport and signi cant broadening of beam-driven current. Motivated by these important e ects, we have carried out extensive nonlinear simulations of the mode with nite toroidal rotation using parameters and pro les of an NTSX plasma with a weakly reversed shear pro le. The numerical results show that, at the experimental level, plasma rotation has little e ect on either equilibrium or linear stability. However, rotation can signi cantly inuence the nonlinear dynamics of the (1, 1) mode and the the induced (2, 1) magnetic island. The simulation results show that a rotating helical equilibrium is formed and maintained in the nonlinear phase at nite plasma rotation. In contrast, for non-rotating cases, the nonlinear evolution exhibits dynamic oscillations between a quasi-2D state and a helical state. Furthermore, the e ects of rotation are found to greatly suppress the (2, 1) magnetic island even at a low level.

Fu, Guoyong

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

432

Harmonic mode competition in a terahertz gyrotron backward-wave oscillator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electron cyclotron maser interactions at terahertz (THz) frequencies require a high-order-mode structure to reduce the wall loss to a tolerable level. To generate THz radiation, it is also essential to employ cyclotron harmonic resonances to reduce the required magnetic field strength to a value within the capability of the superconducting magnets. However, much weaker harmonic interactions in a high-order-mode structure lead to serious mode competition problems. The current paper addresses harmonic mode competition in the gyrotron backward wave oscillator (gyro-BWO). We begin with a comparative study of the mode formation and oscillation thresholds in the gyro-BWO and gyromonotron. Differences in linear features result in far fewer 'windows' for harmonic operation of the gyro-BWO. Nonlinear consequences of these differences are examined in particle simulations of the multimode competition processes in the gyro-BWO, which shed light on the competition criteria between modes of different as well as the same cyclotron harmonic numbers. The viability of a harmonic gyro-BWO is assessed on the basis of the results obtained.

Kao, S. H.; Chiu, C. C.; Chang, P. C.; Wu, K. L.; Chu, K. R. [Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

H-Mode Turbulence, Power Threshold, ELM, and Pedestal Studies in NSTX  

SciTech Connect

High-confinement mode (H-mode) operation plays a crucial role in NSTX [National Spherical Torus Experiment] research, allowing higher beta limits due to reduced plasma pressure peaking, and long-pulse operation due to high bootstrap current fraction. Here, new results are presented in the areas of edge localized modes (ELMs), H-mode pedestal physics, L-H turbulence, and power threshold studies. ELMs of several other types (as observed in conventional aspect ratio tokamaks) are often observed: (1) large, Type I ELMs, (2) ''medium'' Type II/III ELMs, and (3) giant ELMs which can reduce stored energy by up to 30% in certain conditions. In addition, many high-performance discharges in NSTX have tiny ELMs (newly termed Type V), which have some differences as compared with ELM types in the published literature. The H-mode pedestal typically contains between 25-33% of the total stored energy, and the NSTX pedestal energy agrees reasonably well with a recent international multi-machine scaling. We find that the L-H transition occurs on a {approx}100 {micro}sec timescale as viewed by a gas puff imaging diagnostic, and that intermittent quiescent periods precede the final transition. A power threshold identity experiment between NSTX and MAST shows comparable loss power at the L-H transition in balanced double-null discharges. Both machines require more power for the L-H transition as the balance is shifted toward lower single null. High field side gas fueling enables more reliable H-mode access, but does not always lead to a lower power threshold e.g., with a reduction of the duration of early heating. Finally the edge plasma parameters just before the L-H transition were compared with theories of the transition. It was found that while some theories can separate well-developed L- and H-mode data, they have little predictive value.

R. Maingi; C.E. Bush; E.D. Fredrickson; D.A. Gates; S.M. Kaye; B.P. LeBlanc; J.E. Menard; H. Meyer; D. Mueller; N. Nishino; A.L. Roquemore; S.A. Sabbagh; K. Tritz; S.J. Zweben; M.G. Bell; R.E. Bell; T. Biewer; J.A. Boedo; D.W. Johnson; R. Kaita; H.W. Kugel; R.J. Maqueda; T. Munsat; R. Raman; V.A. Soukhanovskii; T. Stevenson; D. Stutman

2004-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

434

BENCHMARKING FAST-TO-ALFVEN MODE CONVERSION IN A COLD MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC PLASMA  

SciTech Connect

Alfven waves may be generated via mode conversion from fast magnetoacoustic waves near their reflection level in the solar atmosphere, with implications both for coronal oscillations and for active region helioseismology. In active regions this reflection typically occurs high enough that the Alfven speed a greatly exceeds the sound speed c, well above the a = c level where the fast and slow modes interact. In order to focus on the fundamental characteristics of fast/Alfven conversion, stripped of unnecessary detail, it is therefore useful to freeze out the slow mode by adopting the gravitationally stratified cold magnetohydrodynamic model c {yields} 0. This provides a benchmark for fast-to-Alfven mode conversion in more complex atmospheres. Assuming a uniform inclined magnetic field and an exponential Alfven speed profile with density scale height h, the Alfven conversion coefficient depends on three variables only: the dimensionless transverse-to-the-stratification wavenumber {kappa} = kh, the magnetic field inclination from the stratification direction {theta}, and the polarization angle {phi} of the wavevector relative to the plane containing the stratification and magnetic field directions. We present an extensive exploration of mode conversion in this parameter space and conclude that near-total conversion to outward-propagating Alfven waves typically occurs for small {theta} and large {phi} (80{sup 0}-90{sup 0}), though it is absent entirely when {theta} is exactly zero (vertical field). For wavenumbers of helioseismic interest, the conversion region is broad enough to encompass the whole chromosphere.

Cally, Paul S. [Monash Centre for Astrophysics and School of Mathematical Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, P.O. Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 (United States); Hansen, Shelley C., E-mail: paul.cally@monash.edu, E-mail: shelley.hansen@monash.edu [Monash Centre for Astrophysics and School of Mathematical Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia)

2011-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

435

The Generation of Coronal Loop Waves below the Photosphere by p-Mode Forcing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent observations of coronal-loop waves by TRACE and within the corona as a whole by CoMP clearly indicate that the dominant oscillation period is 5 minutes, thus implicating the solar p modes as a possible source. We investigate the generation of tube waves within the solar convection zone by the buffeting of p modes. The tube waves--in the form of longitudinal sausage waves and transverse kink waves--are generated on the many magnetic fibrils that lace the convection zone and pierce the solar photosphere. Once generated by p-mode forcing, the tube waves freely propagate up and down the tubes, since the tubes act like light fibers and form a waveguide for these magnetosonic waves. Those waves that propagate upward pass through the photosphere and enter the upper atmosphere where they can be measured as loop oscillations and other forms of propagating coronal waves. We treat the magnetic fibrils as vertically aligned, thin flux tubes and compute the energy flux of tube waves that can generated and driven into the upper atmosphere. We find that a flux in excess of 10^5 ergs/cm^2/s can be produced, easily supplying enough wave energy to explain the observations. Furthermore, we compute the associated damping rate of the driving p modes and find that the damping is significant compared to observed line widths only for the lowest order p modes.

Bradley W. Hindman; Rekha Jain

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

436

User's Guide to BModes (Software for Computing Rotating Beam-Coupled Modes)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This guide explains data preparation and execution with BModes, a finite-element code that provides dynamically coupled modes for a beam. The beam can be a rotating or non-rotating rotor blade or a tower, and it can have arbitrary distribution of structural properties and geometry along its length. A coupled mode implies presence of coupled flexural, axial, and torsion motions in a natural mode of vibration. Knowledge of flap-lag-torsion-axial coupled modes is crucial to several applications. Examples are: accurate modeling of major flexible components for modal-based aeroelastic codes such as FAST (Fatigue, Aerodynamics, Structures, and Turbulence), validation of flexible component models using experimental data, modal-based fatigue analysis, and interpretation of aeroelastic-stability behavior of turbines. Our plan is to eventually integrate BModes with FAST to provide tower and blade modes as rotor speed and blade pitch control settings change during a simulation. This guide provides step-by-step instructions on how to prepare input files (specify blade geometry, section properties, and finite-element discretization), how to execute the code, and how to interpret the outputs.

Bir, G.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Fundamental modes of a trapped probe photon in optical fibers conveying periodic pulse trains  

SciTech Connect

Wave modes induced by cross-phase reshaping of a probe photon in the guiding structure of a periodic train of temporal pulses are investigated theoretically with emphasis on exact solutions to the wave equation for the probe. The study has direct connection with recent advances on the issue of light control by light, the focus being on the trapping of a low-power probe by a temporal sequence of periodically matched high-power pulses of a dispersion-managed optical fiber. The problem is formulated in terms of the nonlinear optical fiber equation with averaged dispersion, coupled to a linear equation for the probe including a cross-phase modulation term. Shape-preserving modes which are robust against the dispersion are shown to be induced in the probe, they form a family of mutually orthogonal solitons the characteristic features of which are determined by the competition between the self-phase and cross-phase effects. Considering a specific context of this competition, the theory predicts two degenerate modes representing a train of bright signals and one mode which describes a train of dark signals. When the walk-off between the pump and probe is taken into consideration, these modes have finite-momentum envelopes and none of them is totally transparent vis-a-vis the optical pump soliton.

Dikande, Alain M. [Laboratory of Research on Advanced Materials and Nonlinear Sciences (LaRAMaNS), Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63, Buea (Cameroon)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

Nonlinear normal modes of a two degree of freedom oscillator with a bilateral elastic stop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A study of the non linear modes of a two degree of freedom mechanical system with bilateral elastic stop is considered. The issue related to the non-smoothness of the impact force is handled through a regularization technique. In order to obtain the Nonlinear Normal Mode (NNM), the harmonic balance method with a large number of harmonics, combined with the asymptotic numerical method, is used to solve the regularized problem. These methods are present in the software "package" MANLAB. The results are validated from periodic orbits obtained analytically in the time domain by direct integration of the non regular problem. The two NNMs starting respectively from the two linear normal modes of the associated underlying linear system are discussed. The energy-frequency plot is used to present a global vision of the behavior of the modes. The dynamics of the modes are also analyzed comparing each periodic orbits and modal lines. The first NNM shows an elaborate dynamics with the occurrence of multiple impacts per period. On the other hand, the second NNM presents a more simple dynamics with a localization of the displacement on the first mass.

El Hadi Moussi; Sergio Bellizzi; Bruno Cochelin; I. Nistor

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

439

Aerosols in Central California: Unexpectedly Large Contribution of Coarse Mode to Aerosol Radiative Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The majority of previous studies dealing with effect of coarse-mode aerosols on the radiation budget have focused primary on polluted regions with substantial aerosol loadings. We reexamine this effect for a relatively "pristine" area using a unique 1-month dataset collected during recent Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES). We demonstrate that the coarse-mode (supermicron) particles can contribute substantially (more than 50%) and frequently (up to 85% of time) to the total volume. In contrast to the conventional expectations that the radiative impact of coarse-mode aerosols should be small for "pristine" regions, we find that the neglecting of the large particles may lead to significant overestimation (up to 45%) of direct aerosol radiative forcing at the top-of atmosphere despite of very small aerosol optical depth (about 0.05 at 0.5 ). Our findings highlight the potential for widespread impacts of the coarse-mode aerosols on the pristine radiative properties over land and the need for more explicit inclusion of the coarse-mode aerosols in climate-related observational and model studies.

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Pekour, Mikhail S.; Barnard, James C.

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

440

Optical state engineering, quantum communication, and robustness of entanglement promiscuity in three-mode Gaussian states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a novel, detailed study on the usefulness of three-mode Gaussian states states for realistic processing of continuous-variable quantum information, with a particular emphasis on the possibilities opened up by their genuine tripartite entanglement. We describe practical schemes to engineer several classes of pure and mixed three-mode states that stand out for their informational and/or entanglement properties. In particular, we introduce a simple procedure -- based on passive optical elements -- to produce pure three-mode Gaussian states with {\\em arbitrary} entanglement structure (upon availability of an initial two-mode squeezed state). We analyze in depth the properties of distributed entanglement and the origin of its sharing structure, showing that the promiscuity of entanglement sharing is a feature peculiar to symmetric Gaussian states that survives even in the presence of significant degrees of mixedness and decoherence. Next, we discuss the suitability of the considered tripartite entangled states to the implementation of quantum information and communication protocols with continuous variables. This will lead to a feasible experimental proposal to test the promiscuous sharing of continuous-variable tripartite entanglement, in terms of the optimal fidelity of teleportation networks with Gaussian resources. We finally focus on the application of three-mode states to symmetric and asymmetric telecloning, and single out the structural properties of the optimal Gaussian resources for the latter protocol in different settings. Our analysis aims to lay the basis for a practical quantum communication with continuous variables beyond the bipartite scenario.

Gerardo Adesso; Alessio Serafini; Fabrizio Illuminati

2006-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "decay modes mode" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Oscillations of the large-scale circulation in turbulent Rayleigh-B\\'{e}nard convection: the off-center mode and its relationship with the torsional mode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report an experimental study of the large-scale circulation (LSC) in a turbulent Rayleigh-B\\'{e}nard convection cell with aspect ratio unity. The temperature-extremum-extraction (TEE) method for obtaining the dynamic information of the LSC is presented. With this method, the azimuthal angular positions of the hot ascending and cold descending flows along the sidewall are identified from the measured instantaneous azimuthal temperature profile. The motion of the LSC is then decomposed into two different modes: the azimuthal mode and the translational or off-center mode. Comparing to the previous sinusoidal-fitting (SF) method, it is found that both methods give the same information about the azimuthal motion of the LSC, but the TEE method in addition can provide information about the off-center motion of the LSC, which is found to oscillate time-periodically around the cell's central vertical axis with an amplitude being nearly independent of the turbulent intensity. It is further found that the azimuthal a...

Zhou, Quan; Zhou, Sheng-Qi; Sun, Chao; Xia, Ke-Qing

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Digital breadcrumbs: Detecting urban mobility patterns and transport mode choices from cellphone networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many modern and growing cities are facing declines in public transport usage, with few efficient methods to explain why. In this article, we show that urban mobility patterns and transport mode choices can be derived from cellphone call detail records coupled with public transport data recorded from smart cards. Specifically, we present new data mining approaches to determine the spatial and temporal variability of public and private transportation usage and transport mode preferences across Singapore. Our results, which were validated by Singapore's quadriennial Household Interview Travel Survey (HITS), revealed that there are 3.5 (HITS: 3.5 million) million and 4.3 (HITS: 4.4 million) million inter-district passengers by public and private transport, respectively. Along with classifying which transportation connections are weak or underserved, the analysis shows that the mode share of public transport use increases from 38 percent in the morning to 44 percent around mid-day and 52 percent in the evening.

Holleczek, Thomas; Lee, Joseph K; Senn, Oliver; Kloeckl, Kristian; Ratti, Carlo; Jaillet, Patrick

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Maximum relative excitation of a specific vibrational mode via optimum laser-pulse duration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For molecules and materials responding to femtosecond-scale optical laser pulses, we predict maximum relative excitation of a Raman-active vibrational mode with period T when the pulse has a full-width-at-halfmaximum duration tau approximate to 0.42T. This result follows from a general analytical model, and is precisely confirmed by detailed density-functional-based dynamical simulations for C(60) and a carbon nanotube, which include anharmonicity, nonlinearity, no assumptions about the polarizability tensor, and no averaging over rapid oscillations within the pulse. The mode specificity is, of course, best at low temperature and for pulses that are electronically off-resonance, and the energy deposited in any mode is proportional to the fourth power of the electric field.

Zhou, Xiang; Lin, Zhibin; Jiang, Chenwei; Gao, Meng; Allen, Roland E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Proper orthogonal decomposition of eigen modes in a gas affected by a mass force  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relations connecting perturbations in acoustic and entropy modes in a gas affected by a constant mass force, are derived. The background temperature of a gas may vary in the direction of an external mass force. The relations are independent on time. They make possible to decompose the total vector of perturbations into acoustic and non-acoustic parts uniquely at any instant. %The conclusions of distribution of the energy between sound and entropy modes may be also made at any instant. In order to do this, three quantities are required, according to the number of modes. In one dimension, the reference quantities may be total perturbations in entropy, pressure and velocity. The total energy of flow is determined. The examples of dismemberment of the total field into acoustic and entropy parts relate to the unperturbed temperature of a gas which linearly depends on the spacial co-ordinate.

Anna Perelomova; Sergey Leble

2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

445

Oscillation modes of direct current microdischarges with parallel-plate geometry  

SciTech Connect

Two different oscillation modes in microdischarge with parallel-plate geometry have been observed: relaxation oscillations with frequency range between 1.23 and 2.1 kHz and free-running oscillations with 7 kHz frequency. The oscillation modes are induced by increasing power supply voltage or discharge current. For a given power supply voltage, there is a spontaneous transition from one to other oscillation mode and vice versa. Before the transition from relaxation to free-running oscillations, the spontaneous increase of oscillation frequency of relaxation oscillations form 1.3 kHz to 2.1 kHz is measured. Fourier transform spectra of relaxation oscillations reveal chaotic behavior of microdischarges. Volt-ampere (V-A) characteristics associated with relaxation oscillations describes periodical transition between low current, diffuse discharge, and normal glow. However, free-running oscillations appear in subnormal glow only.

Stefanovic, Ilija; Kuschel, Thomas; Winter, Joerg [Institut fuer Experimentalphysik II, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, 44781 Bochum (Germany); Skoro, Nikola; Maric, Dragana; Petrovic, Zoran Lj [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, POB 68, 11080 Belgrade (Serbia)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

Algorithm Summary and Evaluation: Automatic Implementation of Ringdown Analysis for Electromechanical Mode Identification from Phasor Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small signal stability problems are one of the major threats to grid stability and reliability. Prony analysis has been successfully applied on ringdown data to monitor electromechanical modes of a power system using phasor measurement unit (PMU) data. To facilitate an on-line application of mode estimation, this paper develops a recursive algorithm for implementing Prony analysis and proposed an oscillation detection method to detect ringdown data in real time. By automatically detecting ringdown data, the proposed method helps guarantee that Prony analysis is applied properly and timely on the ringdown data. Thus, the mode estimation results can be performed reliably and timely. The proposed method is tested using Monte Carlo simulations based on a 17-machine model and is shown to be able to properly identify the oscillation data for on-line application of Prony analysis. In addition, the proposed method is applied to field measurement data from WECC to show the performance of the proposed algorithm.

Zhou, Ning; Huang, Zhenyu; Tuffner, Francis K.; Jin, Shuangshuang; Lin, Jenglung; Hauer, Matthew L.

2010-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

447

Spawning and merging of Fourier modes and phase coupling in cosmological density bispectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the standard picture of cosmological structure formation, initially random-phase fluctuations are amplified by non-linear gravitational instability to produce a final distribution of mass which is highly non-Gaussian and has highly-coupled Fourier phases. We use the Zel'dovich approximation in one dimension to elucidate the onset of non-linearity including mode spawning, merging and coupling. We show that as gravitational clustering proceeds, Fourier modes are spawned from parent ones, with their phases following a harmonic relationship with the wavenumbers. Spawned modes could also merge leading to modulation of the amplitudes and phases which consequently breaks such harmonic relation. We also use simple toy models to demonstrate that bispectrum, Fourier transform of connected three-point correlation functions, measures phase coupling at most at the second-order only when the special wavenumber-phase harmonic relation holds. Phase information is therefore partly registered in bispectrum and it takes a co...

Chiang, L Y

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Observation of Energetic Particle Driven Modes Relevant to Advanced Tokamak Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of high-frequency oscillations in JET [Joint European Torus], JT-60U, Alcator C-Mod, DIII-D, and TFTR [Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor] plasmas are contributing to a new understanding of fast ion-driven instabilities relevant to Advanced Tokamak (AT) regimes. A model based on the transition from a cylindrical-like frequency-chirping mode to the Toroidal Alfven Eigenmode (TAE) has successfully encompassed many of the characteristics seen in experiments. In a surprising development, the use of internal density fluctuation diagnostics has revealed many more modes than has been detected on edge magnetic probes. A corollary discovery is the observation of modes excited by fast particles traveling well below the Alfven velocity. These observations open up new opportunities for investigating a ''sea of Alfven Eigenmodes'' in present-scale experiments, and highlight the need for core fluctuation and fast ion measurements in a future burning-plasma experiment.

R. Nazikian; B. Alper; H.L. Berk; D. Borba; C. Boswell; R.V. Budny; K.H. Burrell; C.Z. Cheng; E.J. Doyle; E. Edlund; R.J. Fonck; A. Fukuyama; N.N. Gorelenkov; C.M. Greenfield; D.J. Gupta; M. Ishikawa; R.J. Jayakumar; G.J. Kramer; Y. Kusama; R.J. La Haye; G.R. McKee; W.A. Peebles; S.D. Pinches; M. Porkolab; J. Rapp; T.L. Rhodes; S.E. Sharapov; K. Shinohara; J.A. Snipes; W.M. Solomon; E.J. Strait; M. Takechi; M.A. Van Zeeland; W.P. West; K.L. Wong; S. Wukitch; L. Zeng

2004-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

449

Synchronization of Fractional-order Chaotic Systems with Gaussian fluctuation by Sliding Mode Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is devoted to the problem of synchronization between fractional-order chaotic systems with Gaussian fluctuation by the method of fractional-order sliding mode control. A fractional integral (FI) sliding surface is proposed for synchronizing the uncertain fractional-order system, and then the sliding mode control technique is carried out to realize the synchronization of the given systems. One theorem about sliding mode controller is presented to prove the proposed controller can make the system synchronize. As a case study, the presented method is applied to the fractional-order Chen-L\\"u system as the drive-response dynamical system. Simulation results show a good performance of the proposed control approach in synchronizing the chaotic systems in presence of Gaussian noise.

Yong Xu; Hua Wang

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

450

Nuclear vorticity in isoscalar E1 modes: Skyrme-RPA analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two basic concepts of nuclear vorticity, hydrodynamical (HD) and Rawenthall-Wambach (RW), are critically inspected. As a test case, we consider the interplay of irrotational and vortical motion in isoscalar electric dipole E1(T=0) modes in $^{208}$Pb, namely the toroidal and compression modes. The modes are described in a self-consistent random-phase-approximation (RPA) with the Skyrme force SLy6. They are examined in terms of strength functions, transition densities, current fields, and formfactors. It is shown that the RW conception (suggesting the upper component of the nuclear current as the vorticity indicator) is not robust. The HD vorticity is not easily applicable either because the definition of a velocity field is too involved in nuclear systems. Instead, the vorticity is better characterized by the toroidal strength which closely corresponds to HD treatment and is approximately decoupled from the continuity equation.

P. -G. Reinhard; V. O. Nesterenko; A. Repko; J. Kvasil

2013-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

451

An investigation of dual-mode operation of a nuclear-thermal rocket engine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A preliminary assessment of the technical feasibility and mass competitiveness of a dual-mode nuclear propulsion and power system based on Rover-type reactors has been completed. Earlier studies have indicated that dual-mode systems appear attractive for electrical power levels of a few kilowatts. However, at the megawatt electrical power level considered in this study, it appears that extensive modifications to the nuclear-thermal engines would be required, the feasibility of which is unclear. Mass competitiveness at high electrical power levels is also uncertain. Further study of reactor and shield design in conjuction with mission and vehicle studies is necessary in order to determine a useful dual-mode power range. 9 refs., 20 figs., 4 tabs.

Kirk, W.L.; Hedstrom, J.C.; Moore, S.W.; McFarland, R.D.; Merrigan, M.A.; Buksa, J.J.; Cappiello, M.W.; Hanson, D.L.; Woloshun, K.A.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Exact results on decoherence and entanglement in a system of N driven atoms and a dissipative cavity mode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We solve the dynamics of an open quantum system where N strongly driven two-level atoms are equally coupled on resonance to a dissipative cavity mode. Analytical results are derived on decoherence, entanglement, purity, atomic correlations and cavity field mean photon number. We predict decoherence-free subspaces for the whole system and the N-qubit subsystem, the monitoring of quantum coherence and purity decay by atomic populations measurements, the conditional generation of atomic multi-partite entangled states and of cavity cat-like states. We show that the dynamics of atoms prepared in states invariant under permutation of any two components remains restricted within the subspace spanned by the completely symmetric Dicke states. We discuss examples and applications in the cases N=3,4.

M. Bina; F. Casagrande; A. Lulli

2008-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

453

Two-atom system as a nano-antenna for mode switching and light routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine how a system composed of two nonidentical two-level atoms with different resonance frequencies and different damping rates could work as a nano-antenna for controlled mode switching and light routing. We calculate the angular distribution of the emitted field detected in a far-field zone of the system including the direct interatomic interactions and arbitrary linear dimensions of the system. The calculation is carried out in terms of the symmetric and antisymmetric modes of the two atom system. We find that as long as the atoms are identical, the emission cannot be switched between the symmetric and antisymmetric modes. The switching may occur when the atoms are non-identical and the emission can then be routed to different modes by changing the relative ratio of the atomic frequencies, or damping rates or by a proper tuning of the laser frequency to the atomic resonance frequencies. It is shown that in the case of atoms of different resonance frequencies but equal damping rates, the light routing is independent of the frequency of the driving laser field. It depends only on the sign of the detuning between the atomic resonance frequencies. In the case of atoms of different damping rates, the emission can be switched between different modes by changing the laser frequency from the blue to red detuned from the atomic resonance. The effect of the interatomic interactions is also considered and it is found that in the case of unequal resonance frequencies of the atoms, the interactions slightly modify the visibility of the intensity pattern. The case of unequal damping rates of the atoms is affected rather more drastically, the light routing becoming asymmetric under the dipole-dipole interaction with the enhanced intensities of the modes turned towards the atom of smaller damping rate.

Vassilis E. Lembessis; Anwar Al Rsheed; Omar M. Aldossary; Zbigniew Ficek

2013-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

454

Mode Conversion of Langmuir to Electromagnetic Waves with Parallel Inhomogeneity in the Solar Wind and the Corona  

SciTech Connect

Linear mode conversion of Langmuir waves to radiation near the plasma frequency at density gradients is potentially relevant to multiple solar radio emissions, ionospheric radar experiments, laboratory plasma devices, and pulsars. Here we study mode conversion in warm magnetized plasmas using a numerical electron fluid simulation code with the density gradient parallel to the ambient magnetic field B0 for a range of incident Langmuir wavevectors. Our results include: (1) Both o- and x-mode waves are produced for ? ? (?L)1/3(?c/?) somewhat less than 1, contrary to previous ideas. Only o mode is produced for ? and somewhat greater than 1.5. Here ?c is the (angular) electron cyclotron frequency, ? the angular wave frequency, and L the length scale of the (linear) density gradient. (2) In the unmagnetized limit, equal amounts of o- and x-mode radiation are produced. (3) The mode conversion window narrows as ? increases. (4) As ? increases the total electromagnetic field changes from linear to circular polarization, with the o- and x- mode signals remaining circularly polarized. (5) The conversion efficiency to the x mode decreases monotonically as ? increases while the o-mode conversion efficiency oscillates due to an interference phenomenon between incoming and reflected Langmuir/z modes. (6) The total conversion efficiency for wave energy from the Langmuir/z mode to radiation is typically less than 10%, but the corresponding power efficiencies differ by the ratio of the group speeds for each mode and are of order 50 ? 70%. (7) The interference effect and the disappearance of the x mode at ? somewhat greater than 1 can be accounted for semiquantitatively using a WKB-like analysis. (8) Constraints on density turbulence are developed for the x mode to be generated and be able to propagate from the source. (9) Standard parameters for the corona and the solar wind near 1 AU suggest that linear mode conversion should produce both o- and x- mode radiation for solar and interplanetary radio bursts. It is therefore possible that linear mode conversion under these conditions might explain the weak total circular polarizations of type II and III solar radio bursts.

Eun-Hwa Kim, Iver H. Cairns, and Peter A. Robinson

2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

455

Failure mode and effect analysis-based quality assurance for dynamic MLC tracking systems  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To develop and implement a failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA)-based commissioning and quality assurance framework for dynamic multileaf collimator (DMLC) tumor tracking systems. Methods: A systematic failure mode and effect analysis was performed for a prototype real-time tumor tracking system that uses implanted electromagnetic transponders for tumor position monitoring and a DMLC for real-time beam adaptation. A detailed process tree of DMLC tracking delivery was created and potential tracking-specific failure modes were identified. For each failure mode, a risk probability number (RPN) was calculated from the product of the probability of occurrence, the severity of effect, and the detectibility of the failure. Based on the insights obtained from the FMEA, commissioning and QA procedures were developed to check (i) the accuracy of coordinate system transformation, (ii) system latency, (iii) spatial and dosimetric delivery accuracy, (iv) delivery efficiency, and (v) accuracy and consistency of system response to error conditions. The frequency of testing for each failure mode was determined from the RPN value. Results: Failures modes with RPN{>=}125 were recommended to be tested monthly. Failure modes with RPN<125 were assigned to be tested during comprehensive evaluations, e.g., during commissioning, annual quality assurance, and after major software/hardware upgrades. System latency was determined to be {approx}193 ms. The system showed consistent and accurate response to erroneous conditions. Tracking accuracy was within 3%-3 mm gamma (100% pass rate) for sinusoidal as well as a wide variety of patient-derived respiratory motions. The total time taken for monthly QA was {approx}35 min, while that taken for comprehensive testing was {approx}3.5 h. Conclusions: FMEA proved to be a powerful and flexible tool to develop and implement a quality management (QM) framework for DMLC tracking. The authors conclude that the use of FMEA-based QM ensures efficient allocation of clinical resources because the most critical failure modes receive the most attention. It is expected that the set of guidelines proposed here will serve as a living document that is updated with the accumulation of progressively more intrainstitutional and interinstitutional experience with DMLC tracking.

Sawant, Amit; Dieterich, Sonja; Svatos, Michelle; Keall, Paul [Stanford University, Stanford, California 94394 (United States); Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States); Stanford University, Stanford, California 94394 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

456

Defect mode suppression in a photonic crystal structure with a resonance nanocomposite layer  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the key features of the transmission and reflection spectra of a one-dimensional photonic crystal structure in which a nanocomposite layer is sandwiched between dielectric Bragg mirrors. Two orthogonal polarisations of an incident wave correspond to different plasmon resonance frequencies of the nanocomposite. If one of the plasmon frequencies coincides with the defect mode frequency in one of the photonic bandgaps, complete suppression of the defect mode in the transmission spectrum is possible, which makes the spectra of such structures polarisation-sensitive.

Moiseev, Sergey G; Ostatochnikov, Vladimir A; Sementsov, Dmitrii I

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

457

Drift mode in a bounded plasma having two-ion species  

SciTech Connect

The drift wave is investigated in a two-ion species plasma in several different cases. The global drift mode is studied in a plasma bounded in a cylinder having Gaussian density profile corresponding to different poloidal wavenumbers. The frequency of the mode becomes a little larger when it is investigated without including the ion cyclotron wave dynamics. The effect of magnetic shear on the wave propagation along the density gradient is studied in a Cartesian geometry assuming absorbing boundary. It is found that the wave amplitude is reduced when two-ion species are present (with the same concentration) compared to pure electron-ion plasma.

Ahmad, Ali; Sajid, M.; Saleem, H. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), Islamabad, Pakistan and Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad (Pakistan); Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), Islamabad (Pakistan); Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), Islamabad, Pakistan and Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad (Pakistan)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

458

Energy efficient data retrieval for networked multi-mode wireless sensors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper develops a mixed-integer programming model to maximize the total data retrieved via a wireless sensor networks, subject to the practical network and individual multi-mode sensor constraints. The model is different from existing ones in that it accounts for the buffer usage over time and the energy spikes incurred due to transitions between the operational modes. Heuristic procedures are developed for solving the NP-Hard problem. Simulation results exhibit that good performance can be achieved when the routing and MAC decisions are made based on individual sensors’ buffer content and residual energy.

Cory C. Cress

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Temperature Anisotropy in a Shocked Plasma: Mirror-Mode Instabilities in the Heliosheath  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that temperature anisotropies induced at a shock can account for interplanetary and planetary bow shock observations. Shocked plasma with enhanced plasma beta is preferentially unstable to the mirror mode instability downstream of a quasi-perpendicular shock and to the firehose instability downstream of a quasi-parallel shock, consistent with magnetic fluctuations observed downstream of a large variety of shocks. Our theoretical analysis of the solar wind termination shock suggests that the magnetic holes observed by Voyager 1 in the heliosheath are produced by the mirror mode instability. The results are also of astrophysical interest, providing an energy source for plasma heating.

Liu, Y; Belcher, J W; Kasper, J C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

ENRICO FERMI FAST REACTOR SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL CRITICALLY CALCULATIONS: INTACT MODE  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this calculation is to perform intact mode and partially degraded mode criticality evaluations of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Enrico Fermi (EF) Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) co-disposed in a 5 Defense High-Level Waste (5-DHLW) Waste Package (WP) and emplaced in a Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR). The criticality evaluations estimate the values of the effective neutron multiplication factor, k{sub eff}, a measure of nuclear criticality potential, for the 5-DHLW/DOE SNF WP with intact or partially degraded internal configurations. These evaluations contribute to the WP design.

A.S. Mobasheran

1999-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Some effects of parallel energy propagation on the structure of dissipative trapped electron modes  

SciTech Connect

The limitation of ballooning by parallel energy propagation is investigated for the dissipative trapped electron mode, wherein the local energy influx is proportional to the poloidally dependent trapped particle fraction. For small energetic asymmetries [mg less than 2.5 ($Omega$/sub i/a/c/sub s/) (a/R/ sup $sup 3$/$sub 4$/] the structure along the field line is predominantly a phase shift, dictated by the condition that the asymmetric energy input be compensated by parallel energy flow. For large asymmetry, mode number, and parallel arc length, the phase and amplitude variations necessitate an integral equation treatment. (auth)

Sauthoff, N. R.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Bayesian approach for g-mode detection, or how to restrict our imagination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nowadays, g-mode detection is based upon a priori theoretical knowledge. By doing so, detection becomes more restricted to what we can imagine. De facto, the universe of possibilities is made narrower. Such an approach is pertinent for Bayesian statisticians. Examples of how Bayesian inferences can be applied to spectral analysis and helioseismic power spectra are given. Our intention is not to give the full statistical framework (much too ambitious) but to provide an appetizer for going further in the direction of a proper Bayesian inference, especially for detecting gravity modes.

T. Appourchaux

2007-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

463

Control software architecture and operating modes of the Model M-2 maintenance system  

SciTech Connect

The Model M-2 maintenance system is the first completely digitally controlled servomanipulator. The M-2 system allows dexterous operations to be performed remotely using bilateral force-reflecting master/slave techniques, and its integrated operator interface takes advantage of touch-screen-driven menus to allow selection of all possible operating modes. The control system hardware for this system has been described previously. This paper describes the architecture of the overall control system. The system's various modes of operation are identified, the software implementation of each is described, system diagnostic routines are described, and highlights of the computer-augmented operator interface are discussed. 3 references, 5 figures.

Satterlee, P.E. Jr.; Martin, H.L.; Herndon, J.N.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Upper bounds on r-mode amplitudes from observations of LMXB neutron stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The r-mode oscillations of neutron stars can be potentially powerful probes of cold ultra-dense matter. In this paper we present upper limits on the amplitude of r-mode oscillations, and their gravitational-radiation-induced spin-down rates, in low mass X-ray binary (LMXB) neutron stars under the assumption that the quiescent neutron star luminosity is powered by dissipation from a steady-state r-mode. We compute results for neutron star models constructed with the APR equation of state for masses of 1.4, 2 and 2.21 M_{sun}. For the lower mass models (1.4 and 2 M_{sun}) we find dimensionless r-mode amplitudes in the range from about 1x10^{-8} to 1.5x10^{-6}. For the accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar (AMXP) sources with known quiescent spin-down rates these limits suggest that about 1% of the observed rate can be due to an unstable r-mode. Interestingly, the AMXP with the highest amplitude limit, NGC 6640, could have an r-mode spin-down rate comparable to the observed, quiescent rate for SAX J1808-3658. Thus, quiescent spin-down measurements for this source would be particularly interesting. For all the sources considered here our amplitude limits suggest that their gravitational wave signals are likely too weak for detection with Advanced LIGO. Our highest mass model (2.21 M_{sun}) can support enhanced, direct Urca neutrino emission in the core and thus can have higher r-mode amplitudes. Indeed, the inferred r-mode spin-down rates at these higher amplitudes are inconsistent with the observed spin-down rates for some of the sources, such as IGR J00291+5934 and XTE J1751-305. This can be used to place an upper limit on the masses of these sources if they are made of normal nuclear matter, or alternatively it could be used to probe the existence of exotic matter in them if their masses were known.

Simin Mahmoodifar; Tod Strohmayer

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

465

A Novel Quasi-Exactly Solvable Model with Total Transmission Modes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we present a novel quasi-exactly solvable model with symmetric inverted potentials which are unbounded from below. The quasi-exactly solvable states are shown to be total transmission (or reflectionless) modes. From these modes even and odd wavefunctions can be constructed which are normalizable and flux-zero. Under the procedure of self-adjoint extension, a discrete spectrum of bound states can be obtained for these inverted potentials and the solvable part of the spectrum is the quasi-exactly solvable states we have discovered.

Hing-Tong Cho; Choon-Lin Ho

2006-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

466

Measuring Accessibility and Explaining Trends in Commute Mode Choice in Washington, D.C. from 1970 - 2000.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study attempts to find a correlation between commuting modes in Washington DC and characteristics of the city and the people that they serve. It… (more)

Ryder, Jonathan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

A Summary of Taxonomies of Digital System Failure Modes Provided by the DigRel Task Group  

SciTech Connect

Recently, the CSNI directed WGRisk to set up a task group called DIGREL to initiate a new task on developing a taxonomy of failure modes of digital components for the purposes of PSA. It is an important step towards standardized digital I&C reliability assessment techniques for PSA. The objective of this paper is to provide a comparison of the failure mode taxonomies provided by the participants. The failure modes are classified in terms of their levels of detail. Software and hardware failure modes are discussed separately.

Chu T. L.; Yue M.; Postma, W.

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

468

Discrete Properties of Intrinsic Localized Modes Observed in the High Temperature Vibrational Spectrum of NaI  

SciTech Connect

Inelastic neutron measurements of the high temperature lattice excitations in NaI show surprising features. In thermal equilibrium at 555 K an intrinsic mode, localized in three dimensions, is observed at a single frequency near the center of the spectral phonon gap, polarized along [111]. At higher temperatures mixing between the intrinsic localized mode and the zone boundary TO mode is observed. Higher energy inelastic neutron and x-ray scattering measurements on a room temperature NaI crystal indicate that the creation energy of the ground state of the intrinsic localized mode is 299 meV.

Manley, M E; Sievers, A J; Lynn, J W; Kiselev, S A; Agladze, N I; Chen, Y; Llobet, A; Alatas, A

2008-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

469

Enhanced production of ECR plasma by using pulse mode microwaves on a large bore ECRIS with permanent magnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to enhance the efficiency of an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma for a broad and dense ion beam source at low pressure, the magnetic field configuration is constructed by all permanent magnets. By using the pulse mode, we aim at the generation of plasma with parameters that cannot be achieved in the CW mode at microwave frequencies of 11-13GHz, under the constraint of the same average incident microwave powers. It is found that the total beam currents are increased by the pulse mode operation compared with the case of the CW mode. According to probe measurements of the ECR plasma, it is found that the electron density in the pulse mode is larger than that in the CW mode, while the electron temperatures in the pulse mode are lower than that in the CW mode. These results are discussed from the viewpoint of relaxation times obtained on plasma parameters and ECR efficiency. The cause of the beam current increment and operational windows spread due to the pulse mode are also discussed on these parameters suitable to production of molecular/cluster ions.

Kato, Yushi; Kiriyama, Ryutaro; Takenaka, Tomoya; Kurisu, Yosuke; Nozaki, Dai; Yano, Keisuke; Sato, Fuminobu; Iida, Toshiyuki [Division of Electrical, Electronic and Information Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Univ., 2-1 Ymadaoka, Suita-shi, Osaka, 565-0871 (Japan)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

470

Analysis of the mode composition of an X-band overmoded O-type Cerenkov high-power microwave oscillator  

SciTech Connect

Overmoded slow wave structures (SWSs) with large diameter are utilized in O-type Cerenkov high-power microwave (HPM) sources for their high power capacity. However, multi-modes may be output simultaneously in the overmoded O-type Cerenkov HPM sources. In order to achieve high mode purity, the mode composition of the output power should be analyzed quantitatively when the structure of this type of device is being optimized. Two accurate numerical methods of making quantitative analysis of the mode composition in particle-in-cell model are introduced in this paper. And then, the mode composition of an X-band O-type Cerenkov oscillator with overmoded SWSs (D/{lambda} Almost-Equal-To 2.7) is analyzed. The analysis indicates that appropriate selection of the parameters of overmoded SWSs and electron beam is important, as mentioned in previous reports, for realizing mode selection in beam-wave interaction. Besides, designing of the mode conversion effect, which is rarely discussed, can also affect the mode purity of output power. After adjustment of the dimensions of the tapered waveguide, which converts the combination of 'surface wave' and 'volume wave' to the 'volume wave' in the output waveguide, the percentage of total output microwave power carried by the TM{sub 01} mode is higher than 95% in the X-band overmoded Cerenkov oscillator at the diode voltage ranging from 570 kV to 750 kV.

Zhang Dian; Zhang Jun; Zhong Huihuang; Jin Zhenxing [College of Optoelectric Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

A Dual Mode Human-Robot Teleoperation Interface Based on Airflow in the Aural Cavity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Robot teleoperation systems have been limited in their utility due to the need for operator motion, lack of portability and limitation to singular input modalities. In this article, the design and construction of a dual-mode human—machine ... Keywords: decision fusion, human-machine interface, multi-modal control, physiological signal recognition, robot teleoperation

Ravi Vaidyanathan; Monique P. Fargues; R. Serdar Kurcan; Lalit Gupta; Srinivas Kota; Roger D. Quinn; Dong Lin

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Evolutionary design of single-mode microstructured polymer optical fibres using an artificial embryogeny representation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polymer microstructured optical fibres are a relatively recent development in optical fibre technology, supporting a wide variety of microstructure fibre geometries, when compared to the more commonly used silica. In order to meet the automated design ... Keywords: artificial embryogeny, microstructured optical fibre, optical design, polymer optical fibre, representation, single-mode fibre

Steven Manos; Maryanne C. J. Large; Leon Poladian

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Multi-Mode Transportable Battery Energy System for Salt River Project: Volume 1: Design and Installation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy storage technologies are likely to find new roles in a restructured electric utility environment. This project designed and deployed a commercial prototype of an innovative multi-mode transportable battery system capable of a broad functional role in the new business environment.

1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

474

The Relation between Decadal Variability of Subtropical Mode Water and the North Atlantic Oscillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Bermuda station “S” time series has been used to define the variability of subtropical mode water (STMW) from 1954 to 1995. This record, which shows decadal variability at a nominal period of about 12–14 yr, has been used as a baseline for ...

Terrence M. Joyce; Clara Deser; Michael A. Spall

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

FUSION OF VISIBLE AND INFRARED IMAGES USING EMPIRICAL MODE DECOMPOSITION TO IMPROVE FACE RECOGNITION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FUSION OF VISIBLE AND INFRARED IMAGES USING EMPIRICAL MODE DECOMPOSITION TO IMPROVE FACE of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN-37996 ABSTRACT In this effort, we propose a new image fusion technique, utilizing). In this method, we decompose images from different imaging modalities into their IMFs. Fusion is performed

Koschan, Andreas

476

On the Realization of Universal Current Mode Biquads Using a Single CFOA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The four terminal Current feedback op-amps (CFOA) with an external compensation pin, such as AD844, have received prominent attention during the past decade as alternative building blocks for analog circuit design because of their significant advantages ... Keywords: analog signal processing, biquad filters, current feedback operational amplifiers, current mode circuits

R. K. Sharma; R. Senani

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Power allocation strategies for distributed space-time codes in amplify-and-forward mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a wireless relay network with Rayleigh fading channels and apply distributed space-time coding (DSTC) in amplify-and-forward (AF) mode. It is assumed that the relays have statistical channel state information (CSI) of the local source-relay ...

Behrouz Maham; Are Hjørungnes

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Two modes of Gulf Stream variability revealed in the last two decades of satellite altimeter data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monthly mapped sea level anomalies (MSLA) of the NW Atlantic in the region immediately downstream of the Gulf Stream (GS) separation point reveal a leading mode in which the path shifts ca.100km meridionally about a nominal latitude of 39° N, ...

M. Dolores Pérez-Hernández; Terrence M. Joyce

479

A Comparison of the Bounded Derivative and the Normal-Mode Initialization Methods Using Real Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Application of the bounded-derivative and normal-mode methods to a simple linear barotropic model at a typical middle latitude shows that the two methods lead to identical constraints up to a certain degree of approximation. Beyond this accuracy ...

F. H. M. Semazzi; I. M. Navon

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Synchronization and cell search algorithms in 3GPP long term evolution systems (FDD mode)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper initial downlink synchronization (sync) and cell identification algorithms for the 3rd generation partnership project (3GPP) long term evolution (LTE) systems are presented. The frequency division duplex (FDD) mode is used in the downlink ... Keywords: 3GPP LTE, MIMO, OFDM, cell search, frequency and time synchronization

Abdo N. Gaber; Loay D. Khalaf; Ahmad M. Mustafa

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Topics in Mode Conversion Theory and the Group Theoretical Foundations of Path Integrals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation reports research about the phase space perspective for solving wave problems, with particular emphasis on the phenomenon of mode conversion in multicomponent wave systems, and the mathematics which underlie the phase space perspective. Part I of this dissertation gives a review of the phase space theory of resonant mode conversion. We describe how the WKB approximation is related to geometrical structures in phase space, and how in particular ray-tracing algorithms can be used to construct the WKB solution. We also present new higher order corrections to the local solution for the mode conversion problem which allow better asymptotic matching to the WKB solutions. The phase space tools used in Part I rely on the Weyl symbol calculus, which gives a way to relate operators to functions on phase space. In Part II of this dissertation, we explore the mathematical foundations of the theory of symbols. We go on to present the group theoretical formulation of symbols, as developed recently by Zobin. This defines the symbol of an operator in terms of a double Fourier transform on a non-commutative group. We then show how the path integral arises when calculating the symbol of a function of an operator. We conclude with a survey of ideas for future research and describe several potential applications of this group theoretical perspective to problems in mode conversion.

A. S. Richardson

2009-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

482

Thin-film Lithium Niobate Contour-mode Resonators Renyuan Wang and Sunil A. Bhave  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thin-film Lithium Niobate Contour-mode Resonators Renyuan Wang and Sunil A. Bhave School Micro Devices, Inc. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA Abstract--This paper presents Lithium Niobate (LN this platform, we demonstrate, on a black Y136 cut Lithium Niobate thin-film, one-port high-order width

Afshari, Ehsan

483

A multi-mode resource-constrained scheduling problem in the context of port operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We discuss a problem of attending ships within agreed time limits at a port under the condition of the first come first served order. In addition, we indicate the use of the developed tool to support decisions at a strategic level with the objective ... Keywords: Attending ships, Differential evolution algorithm, Layday period, Local search, Multi-mode resource-constrained scheduling, Port operations

Luciano Lessa Lorenzoni; Hannu Ahonen; Arlindo Gomes de Alvarenga

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Experimental studies of the beam-breakup mode on ETA: comparison with theory  

SciTech Connect

The beam breakup mode has been observed and measured on ETA. Comparison between the measurements and the results of a computer code indicate that the beam breakup instability will be the most important limitation on current transport thru ATA. ETA Experiments that will enable a more accurate determination of the magnitude of the instability on ATA are discussed.

Caporaso, G.J.; Struve, K.W.

1982-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

485

A Queueing System with Two Operation Modes and a Disaster Flow: Its Stationary State Probability Distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with a controllable queueing in which the operation mode changes, depending on the current queue length, and an additional flow of diasters arrive. A disaster may completely empty the system, i.e., all customers, including the ...

O. V. Semenova

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Low power salient integration mode image sensor with a low voltage mixed-signal readout architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CMOS image sensors are very suitable for battery-operated camera systems due to their low power nature. In this research work, a salient integration mode CMOS image sensor pixel design which requires only 1 or 2 transistors per pixel and a low power ...

Eric Y. Chou; A. J. Budrys; Kit M. Cham

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Exploiting off-chip memory access modes in high-level synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Memory-intensive behaviors often contain large arrays that are synthesized into off-chip memories. With the increasing gap between on-chip and off-chip memory access delays, it is imperative to exploit the efficient access mode features of modern-day ... Keywords: Memory Synthesis, DRAM, High Level Synthesis

Preeti Ranjan Panda; Nikil D. Dutt; Alexandru Nicolau

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Study on the Mode of Power Plant Circulating Water Waste Heat Regenerative Thermal System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power Plant Circulating Water (PPCW) waste heat recycling is an important way of increasing a power plant’s primary energy ratio. According to the PPCW waste heat regenerative thermal system, the authors propose two modes of heat pump heat regenerative ... Keywords: heat pump, power plant circulating water (PPCW), waste heat recycling, energy saving

Bi Qingsheng; Ma Yanliang; Yang Zhifu

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Rotated Global Modes of Non-ENSO Sea Surface Temperature Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A varimax rotation was applied to the EOF modes of global SST derived by Enfield and Mestas-Nuñez. The SST anomaly record is more than a century long, with a global complex EOF representation of ENSO and a linear trend removed at every grid ...

Alberto M. Mestas-Nuñez; David B. Enfield

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Enhanced modeling and control of VSIs in microgrids operating in grid-connected mode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focus on the influence of filter dynamics on the performance and stability of current control loops of three-phase, pulse-width modulation (PWM) voltage source inverters (VSIs) in grid-connected operating mode. The analysis considers the application ...

Leonardo Rese; Antonio Simoes Costa; Aguinaldo S. e Silva

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

High-Order Sliding Mode Control of DFIG-Based Marine Current Turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-Order Sliding Mode Control of DFIG-Based Marine Current Turbine S.E. Ben Elghali1 , M, 29240 Brest Armées, France Abstract--This paper deals with the speed control of a variable speed DFIG current turbine, a nonlinear controller has been proposed. DFIG has been already considered for similar

Brest, Université de

492

High-Order Sliding Mode Control of a DFIG-Based Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-Order Sliding Mode Control of a DFIG-Based Wind Turbine for Power Maximization and Grid Fault tolerance of a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG)-based Wind Turbine (WT). These variable speed systems to external disturbances (grid) and unmodeled dynamics (DFIG and WT). It seems also well adapted for grid

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

493

Efficient light coupling into a photonic crystal waveguide with flatband slow mode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We design an efficient coupler to transmit light from a strip waveguide into the flatband slow mode of a photonic crystal waveguide with ring-shaped holes. The coupler is a section of a photonic crystal waveguide with a higher group velocity, obtained by different ring dimensions. We demonstrate coupling efficiency in excess of 95% over the 8 nm wavelength range where the photonic crystal waveguide exhibits a quasi constant group velocity vg = c/37. An analysis based on the small Fabry-P\\'erot resonances in the simulated transmission spectra is introduced and used for studying the effect of the coupler length and for evaluating the coupling efficiency in different parts of the coupler. The mode conversion efficiency within the coupler is more than 99.7% over the wavelength range of interest. The parasitic reflectance in the coupler, which depends on the propagation constant mismatch between the slow mode and the coupler mode, is lower than 0.6% within this wavelength range.

Säynätjoki, A; Mulot, M; Cassagne, D; Ahopelto, J; Lipsanen, H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Structural integrity and potential failure modes of hanford high-level waste tanks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structural Integrity of the Hanford High-Level Waste Tanks were evaluated based on the existing Design and Analysis Documents. All tank structures were found adequate for the normal operating and seismic loads. Potential failure modes of the tanks were assessed by engineering interpretation and extrapolation of the existing engineering documents.

Han, F.C.

1996-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

495

Short-Range (0–48 h) Numerical Prediction of Convective Occurrence, Mode, and Location  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A verification of high-resolution (6-km grid spacing) short-range (0–48 h) numerical model forecasts of warm-season convective occurrence, mode, and location was conducted over the Lake Michigan region. All available days from 5 April through 20 ...

Michael A. Fowle; Paul J. Roebber

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Delayed-Mode Calibration of Hydrographic Data Obtained from Animal-Borne Satellite Relay Data Loggers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A delayed-mode calibration procedure is presented to improve the quality of hydrographic data from CTD–Satellite Relay Data Loggers (CTD–SRDL) deployed on elephant seals. This procedure is applied on a dataset obtained with 10 CTD–SRDLs deployed ...

Fabien Roquet; Jean-Benoit Charrassin; Stephane Marchand; Lars Boehme; Mike Fedak; Gilles Reverdin; Christophe Guinet

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Brief paper: A multi-regulator sliding mode control strategy for output-constrained systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a multi-regulator control scheme for single-input systems, where the setpoint of a regulated output must be changed under the constraint that a set of minimum-phase outputs remain within prescribed bounds. The strategy is based on ... Keywords: Aircraft engines, Control with constraints, Hybrid systems, Selector systems, Sliding modes

Hanz Richter

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Southern “Annular Modes” Simulated by a Climate Model—Patterns, Mechanisms, and Uses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Both high-latitude (HLM) and low-latitude modes (LLM) of variability of zonal wind in the Southern Hemisphere have been identified. Through an analysis of a simulation for 1871–2200 by the CSIRO Mark 3 climate model, the extent to which these ...

I. G. Watterson

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

A robust forced dynamic sliding mode minimum energy position controller for permanent magnet synchronous motor drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a contribution towards improving the environment, a new position controller for vector controlled electric drives employing permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM) is presented that achieves