National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for deca deci centi

  1. Um Sistema Computacional integrando Suporte `a Decis~ao na Area de Reproduc ~ao Humana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baranauskas, José Augusto

    desenvolvimento de um sistema computacional que a implementa. Tais elementos permitem informatizar os processos e¸ ~ao. Palavras-chaves: Reproduc¸ ~ao Assistida, Sistemas de Suporte `a Decis~ao, Aprendizado de M´aquina

  2. rillEdge is a software system that provides real-time deci-sion support when drilling oil wells. Decisions are sup-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aamodt, Agnar

    developed DrillEdge to reduce the cost and decrease the probability of fail- ures in oil well drilling-Time Decision Support System for High Cost Oil Well Drilling Operations Odd Erik Gundersen, Frode Sørmo, AgnarD rillEdge is a software system that provides real-time deci- sion support when drilling oil wells

  3. Thermodynamics of Electron Flow in the Bacterial Deca-heme Cytochrome MtrF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breuer, Marian; Zarzycki, Piotr P.; Blumberger, Jochen; Rosso, Kevin M.

    2012-07-01

    Electron transporting multiheme cytochromes are essential to the metabolism of microbes that inhabit soils and carry out important biogeochemical processes. Recently the first crystal structure of a prototype bacterial deca-heme cytochrome (MtrF) has been resolved and its electrochemistry characterized. However, the molecular details of electron conductance along heme chains in the cytochrome are difficult to access via experiment due to the nearly identical chemical nature of the heme cofactors. Here we employ large-scale molecular dynamics simulations to compute the reduction potentials of the ten hemes of MtrF in aqueous solution. We find that as a whole they fall within a range of about 0.3 V in agreement with experiment. Individual reduction potentials give rise to a free energy profile for electron conduction that is approximately symmetric with respect to the center of the protein. Our calculations indicate that there is no significant potential bias along the orthogonal octa- and tetra-heme chains suggesting that under aqueous conditions MtrF is a nearly reversible two-dimensional conductor.

  4. Role of hydration and intramolecular interactions in the helix-coil transition and helix-helix assembly in a deca-alanine peptide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomar, Dheeraj S; Pettitt, B M; Asthagiri, D

    2015-01-01

    For a model deca-alanine peptide the cavity (ideal hydrophobic) contribution to hydration favors the helix state in the coil-to-helix transition and the paired helix bundle in the assembly of two helices. The energetic contributions of attractive protein-solvent interactions are separated into a short-range part arising from interactions with solvent in the first hydration shell and the remaining long-range part. In the helix-coil transition, short-range attractive protein-solvent interactions outweigh hydrophobic hydration and favor the unfolded coil states. Analysis of enthalpic effects shows that it is the favorable hydration of the peptide backbone that favors the unfolded state. Protein intramolecular interactions favor the helix state and are decisive in folding. In the pairing of two helices, the cavity contribution outweighs short-range attractive protein-water interactions. However, long-range, protein-solvent attractive interactions can either enhance or reverse this trend depending on the mutual or...

  5. So How Do THey DeciDe

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque|Sensitive Species3performedValley | Department of Energy How

  6. JOURNAL OF MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION ANALYSIS J. Multi-Crit. Decis. Anal. 15: 4561 (2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Statnikov, Alexander

    2008-01-01

    , 2005; Statnikov and Matusov, 1995), truck frame, multi- stage axial flow compressor for an aircraft stages. In the first stage, based on the tests one must identify the mathematical model of the object and computed data, the latter being determined on the basis of mathematical model. The number of adequacy

  7. Pgina 1 de 5 GEOEXRCITO: SISTEMA TCTICO-ESTRATGICO PARA O EXRCITO PORTUGUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues

    , a meteorologia e sobre as nossas forças. Este tipo de informação geoespacial é crucial para as decisões aos

  8. Understanding Life Cycle Social Impacts in Manufacturing: A processed-based approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutchins, Margot J.; Robinson, Stefanie L.; Dornfeld, David

    2013-01-01

    supply chains Social impacts Social responsibility Welding aproposed to characterize social impacts and risks associatedmetrics for measuring social impacts and identifying deci-

  9. CSEComputational Science and Engineering Annual Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grohs, Philipp

    : www.rw.ethz.ch/dokumente/cse_annual_report_0506.pdf CSE curricula at ETH Zürich on the internet: www.rwCSEComputational Science and Engineering Annual Report 2005/2006 = (R)-alanine= (S)-alanine (all-S)-deca-alanine (R,S,R,S,R,S,R,S,R,S)-deca-alanine #12;. #12;CSEComputational Science and Engineering Annual Report

  10. The Artificial Intelligence (AI) program at the Univer-sity of Michigan comprises a multidisciplinary group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eustice, Ryan

    The Artificial Intelligence (AI) program at the Univer- sity of Michigan comprises in areas such as healthcare, electronic commerce, and finance. Artificial IntelligenceResearch Bob of intelligent systems. Current projects include research in rational deci- sion making, distributed systems

  11. Preliminary Safety Design RM

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Preliminary Safety Design Review Module March 2010 CD-0 O 0 OFFICE OF Pr C CD-1 F ENVIRO Standard R reliminar Rev Critical Decis CD-2 M ONMENTAL Review Plan ry Safety view Module...

  12. National Environmental Policy Act RM

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    National Environmental Policy Act Review Module March 2010 CD- N -0 OFFICE O National E C CD-1 OF ENVIRO Standa Environm Rev Critical Deci CD-2 M ONMENTA ard Review mental P view...

  13. The Role of Psychological Needs for Autonomy, Competence, Relatedness and Money-luxury in State Authenticity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renwick, Louisa Catherine

    2009-07-03

    This study aimed to determine the effects of psychological needs on states of authenticity. Self-determination theory proposes three basic psychological needs, for autonomy, competence and relatedness (Deci & Ryan, 1985). ...

  14. Fast subcritical assembly construction and use in basic integral data measurements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, Liq-Ji

    1969-01-01

    . is the activity of the p-oduced isotope, a is i, hc avera?'e nacroscopic actir ation neutron C cross . ;ection of tne rletector, 'I/I is the neutron flu- of all energies above the threshold ener?y of ' he der oct or )I, is the deca) col'1st at of the pr'0...

  15. Master Thesis Projects Topics within Agroecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bataillon, Thomas

    Master Thesis Projects Topics within Agroecology AgroEnvironmental Management & Agrobiology MSc 2015 #12;1 Preface This catalogue of master thesis projects available in 2015-2016 was prepared to help students in their deci- sions selecting a topic for their thesis project. A number of project

  16. Taylor Hicks' Soul Patrol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bedwell, David M.

    of Engineering are preparing a Formula One race car to be entered into the annual Formula SAE Project Lucas heard her students wanted to build a Formula One (F1) racing car to enter into an annual national competition, she says the deci- sion to go forward was an easy one. "Mechanical and material engineering

  17. www.biosciencemag.org February 2006 / Vol. 56 No. 2 BioScience 121 The history of environmental and resource manage-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    (Andrews 1999, Mangun and Henning 1999). Deci- sionmaking approaches tied to evaluations of environmental 1985, Treweek 1999). The ecosystem services approach addresses recent calls for the explicit). For example, Treweek (1999) notes that "while there are well-developed techniques for economic appraisal

  18. Perceptions are the basis for our understanding of the world. For

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of symbolic repre- sentation of the outside world; a self-made model of the world. What we perceive really depends essential- ly on unconscious cognitive deci- sions and conclusions. The brain usually makes especially bothered about the actual realities. We cannot force our way to the out- side through the nerves

  19. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Situating adaptation: how governance challenges and perceptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yung, Laurie

    Adaptation is situated within multiple, inter- acting social, political, and economic forces. Adaptation socio- political context. Pathways emphasize that current deci- sions are both informed by past actions and shape the landscape of future options. This research examines how adaptation actors in Grand County

  20. Um Modelo de Gest~ao E ciente de Recursos Computacionais Marcos Castilho Renato Carmo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hexsel, Roberto A

    vez maior. A din^amica que rege a aquisi#24;c~ao de equipamentos e a contrata#24;c~ao de recursos tecnologia, e mais, as decis~oes que norteiam estas compras s~ao muitas vezes tomadas por grupos

  1. Spring, 1999 Prof. Rich Kozick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozick, Richard J.

    system. The solar heating system consists of a collector, a rock energy storage bin, a heated space- prised if you have to make some engineering decisions during the design process. Justify the deci- sions for you to think about. Have fun! Problem 1 You are asked to design the logic to control a solar heating

  2. International Journal of Uncertainty, Fuzziness and KnowledgeBased Systems c World Scientific Publishing Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    Publishing Company INTERVAL­VALUED DEGREES OF BELIEF: APPLICATIONS OF INTERVAL COMPUTATIONS TO EXPERT SYSTEMS doctors successfully cure diseases; expert geologists find oil; expert astronauts know how to dock the experts in the field, there are a few top experts whose deci­ sions turn out to be the most efficient

  3. International Journal of Uncertainty, Fuzziness and Knowledge-Based Systems fc World Scientific Publishing Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    Publishing Company INTERVAL-VALUED DEGREES OF BELIEF: APPLICATIONS OF INTERVAL COMPUTATIONS TO EXPERT SYSTEMS successfully cure diseases; expert geologists find oil; expert astronauts know how to dock and land the Space in the field, there are a few top experts whose deci- sions turn out to be the most efficient. Since

  4. J. Hebcek et al. (Eds.): ISESS 2013, IFIP AICT 413, pp. 311320, 2013. IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the near future. Keywords: Smart Cities, urban safety, urban crime, data visualisation, deci- sion driven Future Internet concepts of "Smart cities" [5], [2]. For example, security in the smart cities alone, a key driver which will aid smart cities to be managed at localised levels in- volves

  5. Integrated Science and Computing Support for National Climate Service PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Thomas J. Wilbanks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of an information technology (IT)-based bridge between deci- sion support for a National Climate Service and state and technology (S&T), not only regarding climate data and projections but also regarding informatics, visuIntegrated Science and Computing Support for National Climate Service PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR

  6. Bonding and Structure of Ceramic-Ceramic Interfaces Kohei Shimamura,1,2,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    interfacial design of high-temperature ceramic composites for broad applications such as power generation [3,4]) play a deci- sive role in determining material properties of ceramics. An archetypal ceramic-ceramic service temperatures in their applications such as turbines in power generators [9]. Though structural

  7. The Slovene Sound System Through Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Marc L.

    2006-01-01

    3 ). From a theoretical viewpoint, sound change is conceptualized along the lines of Henning Andersen’s model, in which deductively developed (phonetic) changes create ambiguities that are resolved by abductive deci- sions by speakers about... and Greenberg 1999; the reversal of lenited mediae, G 38 and Green- berg 2001). While structural factors (deductive change or drift, abductive change or phonemic reinterpretation) drive sound change in one direction, stylistic considera- tions for speakers...

  8. Mr. John E. Kieling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGEMissionStressMove data fromMovingCarlsbad ,DeCa rlsbad

  9. Mr. John E. Kieling

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGEMissionStressMove data fromMovingCarlsbad ,DeCa

  10. The use of milk progesterone assay as an aid to brood mare management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honey, Peter Geoffrey

    1980-01-01

    of th1s study strongly suggested that much of the infertil1ty 1n mares is due to fa1lure to breed mares in close synchrony with ovulat1on. Difficulty 1n interpretation of palpat1on findings and between mare var1ation in teas1ng results contr1buted... most to mares being bred at sub-optimal t1me. Analys1s of milk progesterone data disclosed these management problems. Two add1tional mares were mon1tored on days that breeding manage- ment decis1ons were made. Milk progesterone levels reflected...

  11. A review of "The Jesuits and the Thirty Years War" by Robert Bireley. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark Charles Fissel

    2004-01-01

    Bireley con- structs a narrative of the Jesuits? activities in church-state politics, diplomacy, and strategic decision-making in the period 1618-1648. He ventures into the four most important Catholic courts of Eu- rope: Vienna, Munich, Paris, and Madrid... into the sphere of advising on political and military deci- sions? At Vienna and Munich the stakes were high, for Bireley demonstrates that at those courts the Jesuit confessors did affect the prosecution of the war. Far from appearing as calculating...

  12. A study of physiological responses of lactating dairy cows to summer climatic factors under shaded and non-shaded conditions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Dewey Lynn

    1958-01-01

    &SZ S XD"D A LD?Oil-S'1AD. . D COliDITIOllS A Ti'esLs Deci~~I L, "!~1 . 1AKIIS Appx'o~"eel 89 i, o 8 'Ie 8. :6 ec'. "eA' t 0 al h E Hi Ic i INTRODUCTION REVIEM OF THE LITERATURE EXPErRZ JACAL PROCEDURE 3 24 Nultiple Regressiou Analysis... rigation, and storage of forages grown during the milder seasons. Unfo. tuna"ely, progress in the study of the adverse efi'acts of "hot" cliia'es ac'lng directly on the animals has not been as iWzitful. Sires mosi Gl the high pr oducing dairy breeds have...

  13. Biology and chemical control of the spotted alfalfa aphid 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downing, Douglas Holland

    1959-01-01

    Iy fxILAS R. . 1009% E. , 4 4, %ecto ', Cika4ttwk ee ehe Caadaate:!eho'o1 og kyrioelt~al?amoI. Noehagaal Collemo ef ~ 4a yaieial telftUjooat:et::ihe geiyat~eo Coo ~ deja''-et , . Of IC Qglt "I P Jaaoaof, , LWA 8, 1 I, h' . I '~ h I I... ther 1 . wyetted a~a~a aphid inl the 5gyii4 stataw. 'otww . 4$twe mm)ow&4;. , :, :, -, ':: inj. . . H~ tgygico deci~ Faba%mFg. 1954d %% ayhid nay a , ' oni4y. i4antiCia4: aa. th? 'tyalloa jalousie aybid, ", ' Xn CaNfocoia , :" -: ' diu'ides Hays...

  14. A fluorescence-based method for rapid and direct determination of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in water

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Shan, Huimei; Liu, Chongxuan; Wang, Zheming; Ma, Teng; Shang, Jianying; Pan, Duoqiang

    2015-01-01

    A new method was developed for rapid and direct measurement of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in aqueous samples using fluorescence spectroscopy. The fluorescence spectra of tri- to deca-BDE (BDE 28, 47, 99, 153, 190, and 209) commonly found in environment were measured at variable emission and excitation wavelengths. The results revealed that the PBDEs have distinct fluorescence spectral profiles and peak positions that can be exploited to identify these species and determine their concentrations in aqueous solutions. The detection limits as determined in deionized water spiked with PBDEs are 1.71-5.82 ng/L for BDE 28, BDE 47, BDE 190, and BDEmore »209 and 45.55–69.95 ng/L for BDE 99 and BDE 153. The effects of environmental variables including pH, humic substance, and groundwater chemical composition on PBDEs measurements were also investigated. These environmental variables affected fluorescence intensity, but their effect can be corrected through linear additivity and separation of spectral signal contribution. Compared with conventional GC-based analytical methods, the fluorescence spectroscopy method is more efficient as it only uses a small amount of samples (2-4 mL), avoids lengthy complicated concentration and extraction steps, and has a low detection limit of a few ng/L.« less

  15. Calculating free energy profiles in biomolecular systems from fast non-equilibrium processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forney, Michael; Kosztin, Ioan

    2008-01-01

    Often gaining insight into the functioning of biomolecular systems requires to follow their dynamics along a microscopic reaction coordinate (RC) on a macroscopic time scale, which is beyond the reach of current all atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. A practical approach to this inherently multiscale problem is to model the system as a fictitious overdamped Brownian particle that diffuses along the RC in the presence of an effective potential of mean force (PMF) due to the rest of the system. By employing the recently proposed FR method [I. Kosztin et al., J. of Chem. Phys. 124, 064106 (2006)], which requires only a small number of fast nonequilibrium MD simulations of the system in both forward and time reversed directions along the RC, we reconstruct the PMF: (1) of deca-alanine as a function of its end-to-end distance, and (2) that guides the motion of potassium ions through the gramicidin A channel. In both cases the computed PMFs are found to be in good agreement with previous results obtained by ...

  16. A fluorescence-based method for rapid and direct determination of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shan, Huimei; Liu, Chongxuan; Wang, Zheming; Ma, Teng; Shang, Jianying; Pan, Duoqiang

    2015-01-01

    A new method was developed for rapid and direct measurement of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in aqueous samples using fluorescence spectroscopy. The fluorescence spectra of tri- to deca-BDE (BDE 28, 47, 99, 153, 190, and 209) commonly found in environment were measured at variable emission and excitation wavelengths. The results revealed that the PBDEs have distinct fluorescence spectral profiles and peak positions that can be exploited to identify these species and determine their concentrations in aqueous solutions. The detection limits as determined in deionized water spiked with PBDEs are 1.71-5.82 ng/L for BDE 28, BDE 47, BDE 190, and BDE 209 and 45.55–69.95 ng/L for BDE 99 and BDE 153. The effects of environmental variables including pH, humic substance, and groundwater chemical composition on PBDEs measurements were also investigated. These environmental variables affected fluorescence intensity, but their effect can be corrected through linear additivity and separation of spectral signal contribution. Compared with conventional GC-based analytical methods, the fluorescence spectroscopy method is more efficient as it only uses a small amount of samples (2-4 mL), avoids lengthy complicated concentration and extraction steps, and has a low detection limit of a few ng/L.

  17. A Fluorescence-Based Method for Rapid and Direct Determination of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in Water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shan, Huimei [China Univ. of Geosciences, Wuhan (China). Lab of Basin and Wetland Eco-Restoration; Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Liu, Chongxuan [China Univ. of Geosciences, Wuhan (China). Lab of Basin and Wetland Eco-Restoration; Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Wang, Zheming [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Ma, Teng [China Univ. of Geosciences, Wuhan (China). Lab of Basin and Wetland Eco-Restoration and State Key Lab. of Biogeology and Environmental Geology; Shang, Jianying [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Pan, Duoqiang [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2015-01-01

    A new method was developed for rapid and direct measurement of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in aqueous samples using fluorescence spectroscopy. The fluorescence spectra of tri- to deca-BDE (BDE 28, 47, 99, 153, 190, and 209) commonly found in environment were measured at variable emission and excitation wavelengths. The results revealed that the PBDEs have distinct fluorescence spectral profiles and peak positions that can be exploited to identify these species and determine their concentrations in aqueous solutions. The detection limits as determined in deionized water spiked with PBDEs are 1.71-5.82 ng/L for BDE 28, BDE 47, BDE 190, and BDE 209 and 45.55–69.95 ng/L for BDE 99 and BDE 153. The effects of environmental variables including pH, humic substance, and groundwater chemical composition on PBDEs measurements were also investigated. These environmental variables affected fluorescence intensity, but their effect can be corrected through linear additivity and separation of spectral signal contribution. Compared with conventional GC-based analytical methods, the fluorescence spectroscopy method is more efficient as it only uses a small amount of samples (2-4 mL), avoids lengthy complicated concentration and extraction steps, and has a low detection limit of a few ng/L.

  18. DETECTABILITY OF OORT CLOUD OBJECTS USING KEPLER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ofek, Eran O. [Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Nakar, Ehud [School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv 69978 (Israel)

    2010-03-01

    The size distribution and total mass of objects in the Oort Cloud have important implications to the theory of planet formation, including the properties of, and the processes taking place in the early solar system. We discuss the potential of space missions, such as Kepler and CoRoT, designed to discover transiting exoplanets, to detect Oort Cloud, Kuiper Belt, and main belt objects by occultations of background stars. Relying on published dynamical estimates of the content of the Oort Cloud, we find that Kepler's main program is expected to detect between 0 and {approx}100 occultation events by deca-kilometer-sized Oort Cloud objects. The occultation rate depends on the mass of the Oort Cloud, the distance to its 'inner edge', and the size distribution of its objects. In contrast, Kepler is unlikely to find occultations by Kuiper Belt or main belt asteroids, mainly due to the fact that it is observing a high ecliptic latitude field. Occultations by solar system objects will appear as a photometric deviation in a single measurement, implying that the information regarding the timescale and light-curve shape of each event is lost. We present statistical methods that have the potential to verify the authenticity of occultation events by solar system objects, to estimate the distance to the occulting population, and to constrain their size distribution. Our results are useful for planning of future space-based exoplanet searches in a way that will maximize the probability of detecting solar system objects, without hampering the main science goals.

  19. DECIGO/BBO as a probe to constrain alternative theories of gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent Yagi; Takahiro Tanaka

    2010-07-21

    We calculate how strongly one can constrain the alternative theories of gravity with deci-Hz gravitational wave interferometers such as DECIGO and BBO. Here we discuss Brans-Dicke theory and massive graviton theories as typical examples. We consider the inspiral of compact binaries composed of a neutron star (NS) and an intermediate mass black hole (IMBH) for Brans-Dicke (BD) theory and those composed of a super massive black hole (SMBH) and a black hole (SMBH) for massive graviton theories. Using the restricted 2PN waveforms including spin effects and taking the spin precession into account, we perform the Monte Carlo simulations of $10^4$ binaries to estimate the determination accuracy of binary parameters including the Brans-Dicke parameter $\\omega_{\\mathrm{BD}}$ and the graviton Compton length $\\lambda_g$. Assuming a $(1.4, 10)M_{\\odot}$ NS/BH binary of SNR=$\\sqrt{200}$, the constraint on $\\omega_{\\mathrm{BD}}$ is obtained as $\\omega_{\\mathrm{BD}}>2.32\\times 10^6$, which is 300 times stronger than the estimated constraint from LISA observation. Furthermore, we find that, due to the expected large merger rate of NS/BH binaries of $O(10^4)$ yr$^{-1}$, a statistical analysis yields $\\omega_{\\mathrm{BD}}>3.77\\times10^8$, which is 4 orders of magnitude stronger than the current strongest bound obtained from the solar system experiment. For massive graviton theories, assuming a $(10^6, 10^5)M_{\\odot}$ BH/BH binary at 3Gpc, one can put a constraint $\\lambda_g>3.35\\times10^{20}$cm, on average. This is three orders of magnitude stronger than the one obtained from the solar system experiment. From these results, it is understood that DECIGO/BBO is a very powerful tool for constraining alternative theories of gravity, too.

  20. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in e-waste: Level and transfer in a typical e-waste recycling site in Shanghai, Eastern China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Yue; Duan, Yan-Ping, E-mail: duanyanping@tongji.edu.cn; Huang, Fan; Yang, Jing; Xiang, Nan; Meng, Xiang-Zhou; Chen, Ling

    2014-06-01

    Highlights: • PBDEs were detected in the majority of e-waste. • PBDEs were found in TVs made in China after 1990. • The levels of ?PBDEs in e-waste made in Japan far exceed the threshold limit of RoHS. • The inappropriate recycling and disposal of e-waste is an important source of PBDEs. - Abstract: Very few data for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were available in the electronic waste (e-waste) as one of the most PBDEs emission source. This study reported concentrations of PBDEs in e-waste including printer, rice cooker, computer monitor, TV, electric iron and water dispenser, as well as dust from e-waste, e-waste dismantling workshop and surface soil from inside and outside of an e-waste recycling plant in Shanghai, Eastern China. The results showed that PBDEs were detected in the majority of e-waste, and the concentrations of ?PBDEs ranged from not detected to 175 g/kg, with a mean value of 10.8 g/kg. PBDEs were found in TVs made in China after 1990. The mean concentrations of ?PBDEs in e-waste made in Korea, Japan, Singapore and China were 1.84 g/kg, 20.5 g/kg, 0.91 g/kg, 4.48 g/kg, respectively. The levels of ?PBDEs in e-waste made in Japan far exceed the threshold limit of RoHS (1.00 g/kg). BDE-209 dominated in e-waste, accounting for over 93%. The compositional patterns of PBDEs congeners resembled the profile of Saytex 102E, indicating the source of deca-BDE. Among the samples of dust and surface soil from a typical e-waste recycling site, the highest concentrations of ?{sub 18}PBDEs and BDE-209 were found in dust in e-waste, ranging from 1960 to 340,710 ng/g and from 910 to 320,400 ng/g, which were 1–2 orders of magnitude higher than other samples. It suggested that PBDEs released from e-waste via dust, and then transferred to surrounding environment.

  1. Distributed Sensor Coordination for Advanced Energy Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tumer, Kagan

    2013-07-31

    The ability to collect key system level information is critical to the safe, efficient and reli- able operation of advanced energy systems. With recent advances in sensor development, it is now possible to push some level of decision making directly to computationally sophisticated sensors, rather than wait for data to arrive to a massive centralized location before a decision is made. This type of approach relies on networked sensors (called “agents” from here on) to actively collect and process data, and provide key control deci- sions to significantly improve both the quality/relevance of the collected data and the as- sociating decision making. The technological bottlenecks for such sensor networks stem from a lack of mathematics and algorithms to manage the systems, rather than difficulties associated with building and deploying them. Indeed, traditional sensor coordination strategies do not provide adequate solutions for this problem. Passive data collection methods (e.g., large sensor webs) can scale to large systems, but are generally not suited to highly dynamic environments, such as ad- vanced energy systems, where crucial decisions may need to be reached quickly and lo- cally. Approaches based on local decisions on the other hand cannot guarantee that each agent performing its task (maximize an agent objective) will lead to good network wide solution (maximize a network objective) without invoking cumbersome coordination rou- tines. There is currently a lack of algorithms that will enable self-organization and blend the efficiency of local decision making with the system level guarantees of global decision making, particularly when the systems operate in dynamic and stochastic environments. In this work we addressed this critical gap and provided a comprehensive solution to the problem of sensor coordination to ensure the safe, reliable, and robust operation of advanced energy systems. The differentiating aspect of the proposed work is in shift- ing the focus towards “what to observe” rather than “how to observe” in large sensor networks, allowing the agents to actively determine both the structure of the network and the relevance of the information they are seeking to collect. In addition to providing an implicit coordination mechanism, this approach allows the system to be reconfigured in response to changing needs (e.g., sudden external events requiring new responses) or changing sensor network characteristics (e.g., sudden changes to plant condition). Outcome Summary: All milestones associated with this project have been completed. In particular, private sensor objective functions were developed which are aligned with the global objective function, sensor effectiveness has been improved by using “sensor teams,” system efficiency has been improved by 30% using difference evaluation func- tions, we have demonstrated system reconfigurability for 20% changes in system con- ditions, we have demonstrated extreme scalability of our proposed algorithm, we have demonstrated that sensor networks can overcome disruptions of up to 20% in network conditions, and have demonstrated system reconfigurability to 20% changes in system conditions in hardware-based simulations. This final report summarizes how each of these milestones was achieved, and gives insight into future research possibilities past the work which has been completed. The following publications support these milestones [6, 8, 9, 10, 16, 18, 19].