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Sample records for dawn daily controlled

  1. Dawn Usage, Scheduling, and Governance Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Louis, S

    2009-11-02

    This document describes Dawn use, scheduling, and governance concerns. Users started running full-machine science runs in early April 2009 during the initial open shakedown period. Scheduling Dawn while in the Open Computing Facility (OCF) was controlled and coordinated via phone calls, emails, and a small number of controlled banks. With Dawn moving to the Secure Computing Facility (SCF) in fall of 2009, a more detailed scheduling and governance model is required. The three major objectives are: (1) Ensure Dawn resources are allocated on a program priority-driven basis; (2) Utilize Dawn resources on the job mixes for which they were intended; and (3) Minimize idle cycles through use of partitions, banks and proper job mix. The SCF workload for Dawn will be inherently different than Purple or BG/L, and therefore needs a different approach. Dawn's primary function is to permit adequate access for tri-lab code development in preparation for Sequoia, and in particular for weapons multi-physics codes in support of UQ. A second purpose is to provide time allocations for large-scale science runs and for UQ suite calculations to advance SSP program priorities. This proposed governance model will be the basis for initial time allocation of Dawn computing resources for the science and UQ workloads that merit priority on this class of resource, either because they cannot be reasonably attempted on any other resources due to size of problem, or because of the unavailability of sizable allocations on other ASC capability or capacity platforms. This proposed model intends to make the most effective use of Dawn as possible, but without being overly constrained by more formal proposal processes such as those now used for Purple CCCs.

  2. FEATURE FOCUS: Fuels & Combustion a new dawn for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FEATURE FOCUS: Fuels & Combustion a new dawn for diesel Will Americans pay the price to put light diesels of 30 years ago. Taking advantage of electronic controls and advances in fuel injection, today's light-duty diesels are quiet and clean, and they provide excellent low-end torque and superior fuel

  3. Dawn at Vesta Press Kit/JULY 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    Dawn at Vesta Press Kit/JULY 2011 #12;#12;Contents Media Services Information and information on the Dawn mission, including an electronic copy of this press kit, news releases, fact sheets at Vesta 5 Press Kit #12;Dawn at Vesta 6 Press Kit Quick Facts Spacecraft Dimensions: The spacecraft bus

  4. Women @ Energy: Dawn Munson | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-Sessions |discussed how saving energy couldAugust 18,HotAmberDr.Dawn Munson is a

  5. Continental breakup and the dawn of humankind

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAuditsClusterInformation AdministrationContactContinental breakup and the dawn

  6. Dawn Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy Electricals Ltd BHELEurope LimitedDakshidinSaihanbaDatangDawn

  7. Dawn of x-ray nonlinear optics | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dawn of x-ray nonlinear optics Wednesday, July 8, 2015 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Speaker: David Reis, PULSE Program Description X-ray free electron lasers...

  8. COLLOQUIUM: Dawn, the Asteroid Redirect Mission, and the Future...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The ongoing Dawn mission has as its goal the exploration of the two most massive main-belt asteroids, 4 Vesta and 1 Ceres. This mission is enabled by an on-board, solar powered,...

  9. FEATURE FOCUS: Fuels & Combustion a new dawn for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and a gap between the price of diesel and more expensive gasoline. Diesel engines are more expensive than gasoline engines and the lower fuel prices in FEATURE FOCUS: Fuels & Combustion a new dawn for diesel Will Americans pay the price to put light

  10. ORIGIN: metal creation and evolution from the cosmic dawn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figueroa-Feliciano, Enectali

    ORIGIN is a proposal for the M3 mission call of ESA aimed at the study of metal creation from the epoch of cosmic dawn. Using high-spectral resolution in the soft X-ray band, ORIGIN will be able to identify the physical ...

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Dawn Ford Site - 038

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth Dakota Edgemont, SouthLaboratoryDiv - NY 40 Curtiss-WrightDawn

  12. 1 The Main Asteroid Belt Carolyn Crow: NASA's Dawn Mission The Main Asteroid Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    1 The Main Asteroid Belt Carolyn Crow: NASA's Dawn Mission The Main Asteroid Belt Written to the main asteroid belt to visit two of the largest protoplanets, Vesta and Ceres. Using sunlight, a mere accomplished by a spacecraft before. What compelled astronomers to send Dawn to the asteroid belt and what does

  13. SPACE DAILY SPACE WAR TERRA DAILY MARS DAILY SPACE MART SPACE TRAVEL World's Smallest Universal Material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    SPACE DAILY SPACE WAR TERRA DAILY MARS DAILY SPACE MART SPACE TRAVEL NANO TECH World's Smallest, professor of mechanical Get Our Free Newsletters Via Email Space - War - Earth - Energy - China your email yes Search All Of Our Sites In One Search SpaceDaily - SpaceWar - TerraDaily Search Horacio D

  14. ORIGIN: Metal Creation and Evolution from the Cosmic Dawn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herder, J W den; Ohashi, T; Kouveliotou, C; Hartmann, D H; Kaastra, J S; Amati, L; Andersen, M; Arnaud, M; Attéia, J-L; Bandler, S; Barbera, M; Barcons, X; Barthelmy, S; Basa, S; Basso, S; Boer, M; Branchini, E; Branduardi-Raymont, G; Borgani, S; Boyarski, O; Brunetti, G; Budtz-Jorgensen, C; Burrows, D; Butler, N; Campana, S; Caroli, E; Ceballos, M; Christensen, F; Churazov, E; Comastri, A; Colasanti, L; Cole, R; Content, R; Corsi, A; Costantini, E; Conconi, P; Cusumano, G; de Plaa, J; De Rosa, A; Del Santo, M; Di Cosimo, S; De Pasquale, M; Doriese, R; Ettori, S; Evans, P; Ezoe, Y; Ferrari, L; Finger, H; Figueroa-Feliciano, T; Friedrich, P; Fujimoto, R; Furuzawa, A; Fynbo, J; Gatti, F; Galeazzi, M; Gehrels, N; Gendre, B; Ghirlanda, G; Ghisellini, G; Gilfanov, M; Giommi, P; Girardi, M; Grindlay, J; Cocchi, M; Godet, O; Guedel, M; Haardt, F; Hartog, R den; Hepburn, I; Hermsen, W; Hjorth, J; Hoekstra, H; Holland, A; Hornstrup, A; van der Horst, A; Hoshino, A; Zand, J in 't; Irwin, K; Ishisaki, Y; Jonker, P; Kitayama, T; Kawahara, H; Kawai, N; Kelley, R; Kilbourne, C; de Korte, P; Kusenko, A; Kuvvetli, I; Labanti, M; Macculi, C; Maiolino, R; Hesse, M Mas; Matsushita, K; Mazzotta, P; McCammon, D; Méndez, M; Mignani, R; Mineo, T; Mitsuda, K; Mushotzky, R; Molendi, S; Moscardini, L; Natalucci, L; Nicastro, F; O'Brien, P; Osborne, J; Paerels, F; Page, M; Paltani, S; de Pasquale, M; Pedersen, K; Perinati, E; Ponman, T; Pointecouteau, E; Predehl, P; Porter, S; Rasmussen, A; Rauw, G; Röttgering, H; Roncarelli, M; Rosati, P; Quadrini, E; Ruchayskiy, O; Salvaterra, R; Sasaki, S; Sato, K; Savaglio, S; Schaye, J; Sciortino, S; Shaposhnikov, M; Sharples, R; Shinozaki, K; Spiga, D; Sunyaev, R; Suto, Y; Takei, Y; Tanvir, N; Tashiro, M; Tamura, T; Tawara, Y; Troja, E; Tsujimoto, M; Tsuru, T; Ubertini, P; Ullom, J; Ursino, E; Verbunt, F; van de Voort, F; Viel, M; Wachter, S; Watson, D; Weisskopf, M; Werner, N; White, N; Willingale, R; Wijers, R; Yamasaki, N; Yoshikawa, K; Zane, S

    2011-01-01

    ORIGIN is a proposal for the M3 mission call of ESA aimed at the study of metal creation from the epoch of cosmic dawn. Using high-spectral resolution in the soft X-ray band, ORIGIN will be able to identify the physical conditions of all abundant elements between C and Ni to red-shifts of z=10, and beyond. The mission will answer questions such as: When were the first metals created? How does the cosmic metal content evolve? Where do most of the metals reside in the Universe? What is the role of metals in structure formation and evolution? To reach out to the early Universe ORIGIN will use Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) to study their local environments in their host galaxies. This requires the capability to slew the satellite in less than a minute to the GRB location. By studying the chemical composition and properties of clusters of galaxies we can extend the range of exploration to lower redshifts (z ~ 0.2). For this task we need a high-resolution spectral imaging instrument with a large field of view. Using the ...

  15. Level-2 Milestone 3244: Deploy Dawn ID Machine for Initial Science Runs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fox, D

    2009-09-21

    This report documents the delivery, installation, integration, testing, and acceptance of the Dawn system, ASC L2 milestone 3244: Deploy Dawn ID Machine for Initial Science Runs, due September 30, 2009. The full text of the milestone is included in Attachment 1. The description of the milestone is: This milestone will be a result of work started three years ago with the planning for a multi-petaFLOPS UQ-focused platform (Sequoia) and will be satisfied when a smaller ID version of the final system is delivered, installed, integrated, tested, accepted, and deployed at LLNL for initial science runs in support of SSP mission. The deliverable for this milestone will be a LA petascale computing system (named Dawn) usable for code development and scaling necessary to ensure effective use of a final Sequoia platform (expected in 2011-2012), and for urgent SSP program needs. Allocation and scheduling of Dawn as an LA system will likely be performed informally, similar to what has been used for BlueGene/L. However, provision will be made to allow for dedicated access times for application scaling studies across the entire Dawn resource. The milestone was completed on April 1, 2009, when science runs began running on the Dawn system. The following sections describe the Dawn system architecture, current status, installation and integration time line, and testing and acceptance process. A project plan is included as Attachment 2. Attachment 3 is a letter certifying the handoff of the system to a nuclear weapons stockpile customer. Attachment 4 presents the results of science runs completed on the system.

  16. Driver expectancy in locating automotive controls 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francis, Dawn Suzette

    1990-01-01

    DRIVER EXPECTANCY IN LOCATING AUTOMOTIVE CONTROLS A Thesis by DAWN SUZETTE FRANCIS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1990... Major Subject: Industrial Engineering DRIVER EXPECTANCY IN LOCATING AUTOMOTIVE CONTROLS A Thesis by DAWN SUZETTE FRANCIS Approved as to style and content by: R. Dale Huchi son (Chair of Committee) Rodger . . ppa (Member) Waymon L ohnston (M er...

  17. Introduction by Prof. Dawn Wright, Oregon State University GIS for the Oceans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Monica G.

    Introduction by Prof. Dawn Wright, Oregon State University GIS for the Oceans January 2011 #12 in the 20th century for aviation, for aerospace. "Where does GIS come in to all of this? I'll put it another way. Where doesn't GIS come in to the understanding of the ocean? After all, marine ecosystems, just

  18. INTRODUCTION The power industry is at the dawn of a new era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihada, Basem

    clean and flexible power grid. NEW NETWORK REQUIREMENTS Integration of renewable energy sources, transmission, and distribution of power are reliably and securely provided, while the installed infrastructureINTRODUCTION The power industry is at the dawn of a new era of transformation, triggered

  19. Android Permissions Demystified Adrienne Porter Felt, Erika Chin, Steve Hanna, Dawn Song, David Wagner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Dawn

    Android Permissions Demystified Adrienne Porter Felt, Erika Chin, Steve Hanna, Dawn Song, David Android provides third-party applications with an extensive API that includes access to phone hardware with an install-time application permis- sion system. We study Android applications to determine whether Android

  20. The TESLA Broadcast Authentication Protocol # Adrian Perrig Ran Canetti J. D. Tygar Dawn Song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perrig, Adrian

    The TESLA Broadcast Authentication Protocol # Adrian Perrig Ran Canetti J. D. Tygar Dawn Song presents the TESLA (Timed Efficient Stream Loss­tolerant Authentication) broadcast au­ thentication numbers of receivers, and tolerates packet loss. TESLA is based on loose time synchro­ nization between

  1. The TESLA Broadcast Authentication Protocol Adrian Perrig Ran Canetti J. D. Tygar Dawn Song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perrig, Adrian

    The TESLA Broadcast Authentication Protocol Adrian Perrig Ran Canetti J. D. Tygar Dawn Song presents the TESLA (Timed Efficient Stream Loss-tolerant Authentication) broadcast au- thentication numbers of receivers, and tolerates packet loss. TESLA is based on loose time synchro- nization between

  2. The TESLA Broadcast Authentication Protocol Adrian Perrig Ran Canetti J. D. Tygar Dawn Song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tygar, Doug

    The TESLA Broadcast Authentication Protocol Adrian Perrig Ran Canetti J. D. Tygar Dawn Song presents the TESLA (Timed Efficient Stream Loss-tolerant Authentication) broadcast authentication protocol of receivers, and tolerates packet loss. TESLA is based on loose time synchronization between the sender

  3. Photometric Properties of Ceres from Telescopic Observations using Dawn Framing Camera Color Filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Vishnu; Gary, Bruce L; Sanchez, Juan A; Stephens, Robert D; Megna, Ralph; Coley, Daniel; Nathues, Andreas; Corre, Lucille Le; Hoffmann, Martin

    2015-01-01

    The dwarf planet Ceres is likely differentiated similar to the terrestrial planets but with a water/ice dominated mantle and an aqueously altered crust. Detailed modeling of Ceres' phase function has never been performed to understand its surface properties. The Dawn spacecraft began orbital science operations at the dwarf planet in April 2015. We observed Ceres with flight spares of the seven Dawn Framing Camera color filters mounted on ground-based telescopes over the course of three years to model its phase function versus wavelength. Our analysis shows that the modeled geometric albedos derived from both the IAU HG model and the Hapke model are consistent with a flat and featureless spectrum of Ceres, although the values are ~10% higher than previous measurements. Our models also suggest a wavelength dependence of Ceres' phase function. The IAU G-parameter and the Hapke single-particle phase function parameter, g, are both consistent with decreasing (shallower) phase slope with increasing wavelength. Such...

  4. Modeling and Forecasting Electric Daily Peak Loads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdel-Aal, Radwan E.

    for the same data. Two methods are described for forecasting daily peak loads up to one week ahead through, including generator unit commitment, hydro-thermal coordination, short-term maintenance, fuel allocation forecasting accuracies. STLF forecasting covers the daily peak load, total daily energy, and daily load curve

  5. Phase Angle Effects on 3-micron Absorption Band on Ceres: Implications for Dawn Mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takir, Driss; Sanchez, Juan A; Corre, Lucille Le; Hardersen, Paul S; Nathues, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    Phase angle-induced spectral effects are important to characterize since they affect spectral band parameters such as band depth and band center, and therefore skew mineralogical interpretations of planetary bodies via reflectance spectroscopy. Dwarf planet (1) Ceres is the next target of NASA's Dawn mission, which is expected to arrive in March 2015. The visible and near-infrared mapping spectrometer (VIR) onboard Dawn has the spatial and spectral range to characterize the surface between 0.25-5.0 microns. Ceres has an absorption feature at 3.0 microns due to hydroxyl- and/or water-bearing minerals (e.g. Lebofsky et al. 1981, Rivkin et al. 2003). We analyzed phase angle-induced spectral effects on the 3-micron absorption band on Ceres using spectra measured with the long-wavelength cross-dispersed (LXD: 1.9-4.2 microns) mode of the SpeX spectrograph/imager at the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility (IRTF). Ceres LXD spectra were measured at different phase angles ranging from 0.7o to 22o. We found that the band...

  6. Energy Assurance Daily (EAD): April 2012

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Assurance Daily provides a summary of public information concerning current energy issues. Published Monday through Friday to inform stakeholders of developments affecting energy systems,...

  7. Energy Assurance Daily (EAD): July 2012

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Assurance Daily provides a summary of public information concerning current energy issues. Published Monday through Friday to inform stakeholders of developments affecting energy systems,...

  8. Energy Assurance Daily (EAD): May 2012

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Assurance Daily provides a summary of public information concerning current energy issues. Published Monday through Friday to inform stakeholders of developments affecting energy systems,...

  9. Energy Assurance Daily (EAD): June 2012

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Assurance Daily provides a summary of public information concerning current energy issues. Published Monday through Friday to inform stakeholders of developments affecting energy systems,...

  10. Energy Assurance Daily (EAD): January- March 2012

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Energy Assurance Daily provides a summary of public information concerning current energy issues. Published Monday through Friday to inform stakeholders of developments affecting energy systems,...

  11. Daily Precipitation Statistics: An Intercomparison between

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Ning

    Daily Precipitation Statistics: An Intercomparison between NCEP Reanalyses and Observations Vernon-2010. Resolution T382 (~0.3x0.3 degrees). #12;R1, R2, CFSR: Comparison to OI Station-based Precipitation Analyses station-based daily precipitation analysis data set (1979-2006). · The high-resolution reanalysis (CFSR

  12. The Cosmic Dawn and Epoch of Reionization with the Square Kilometre Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopmans, L V E; Mellema, G; Abdalla, F; Aguirre, J; Ahn, K; Barkana, R; van Bemmel, I; Bernardi, G; Bonaldi, A; Briggs, F; de Bruyn, A G; Chang, T C; Chapman, E; Chen, X; Ciardi, B; Datta, K K; Dayal, P; Ferrara, A; Fialkov, A; Fiore, F; Ichiki, K; Illiev, I T; Inoue, S; Jeli?, V; Jones, M; Lazio, J; Maio, U; Majumdar, S; Mack, K J; Mesinger, A; Morales, M F; Parsons, A; Pen, U -L; Santos, M; Schneider, R; Semelin, B; de Souza, R S; Subrahmanyan, R; Takeuchi, T; Trott, C; Vedantham, H; Wagg, J; Webster, R; Wyithe, S

    2015-01-01

    Concerted effort is currently ongoing to open up the Epoch of Reionization (EoR) ($z\\sim$15-6) for studies with IR and radio telescopes. Whereas IR detections have been made of sources (Lyman-$\\alpha$ emitters, quasars and drop-outs) in this redshift regime in relatively small fields of view, no direct detection of neutral hydrogen, via the redshifted 21-cm line, has yet been established. Such a direct detection is expected in the coming years, with ongoing surveys, and could open up the entire universe from $z\\sim$6-200 for astrophysical and cosmological studies, opening not only the EoR, but also its preceding Cosmic Dawn ($z\\sim$30-15) and possibly even the later phases of the Dark Ages ($z\\sim$200-30). All currently ongoing experiments attempt statistical detections of the 21-cm signal during the EoR, with limited signal-to-noise. Direct imaging, except maybe on the largest (degree) scales at lower redshifts, as well as higher redshifts will remain out of reach. The Square Kilometre Array(SKA) will revolu...

  13. 21 cm signal from cosmic dawn: Imprints of spin temperature fluctuations and peculiar velocities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghara, Raghunath; Datta, Kanan K

    2014-01-01

    Observations of fluctuations in the 21 cm brightness temperature $\\delta T_b$ from reionization promise to provide information on the physical processes during that epoch. We present a formalism for generating the distribution of $\\delta T_b$ using dark matter $N$-body simulations and an one-dimensional radiative transfer code. The spectral energy distribution of the radiation sources is assumed to consist of a stellar-like and a mini-quasar like component. Our analysis is able to take into account the fluctuations in the spin temperature $T_S$ of neutral hydrogen arising from inhomogeneous X-ray heating and Ly$\\alpha$ coupling during cosmic dawn. We find that the power spectrum at large scales ($k \\sim 0.1$ Mpc$^{-1}$), when plotted as a function of redshift, shows three peaks. The middle peak has the largest amplitude and occurs when $\\sim 10\\%$ of the gas (by volume) is heated above the CMB temperature, irrespective of the X-ray source properties. The power spectrum when plotted against $k$ shows a "bump"-...

  14. 21-cm signal from cosmic dawn - II: Imprints of the light-cone effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghara, Raghunath; Choudhury, T Roy

    2015-01-01

    Details of various unknown physical processes during the cosmic dawn and the epoch of reionization can be extracted from observations of the redshifted 21-cm signal. These observations, however, will be affected by the evolution of the signal along the line-of-sight which is known as the "light-cone effect". We model this effect by post-processing a dark matter $N-$body simulation with a 1-D radiative transfer code. We find that the effect is much stronger and dramatic in presence of inhomogeneous heating and Ly$\\alpha$ coupling compared to the case where these processes are not accounted for. One finds increase (decrease) in the coeval spherically averaged power spectrum up to a factor of 3 (0.6) at large scales ($k \\sim 0.05\\, \\rm Mpc^{-1}$), though these numbers are highly dependent on the source model. Consequently, the peak and trough-like features seen in the evolution of the large-scale power spectrum can be smoothed out to a large extent if the width of the frequency bands used in the experiment is la...

  15. Myoelectric control is filled with potential to significantly change human-robot interaction. Humans desire compliant robots to safely interact in dynamic environments associated with daily activities. As surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy #12; activities. As surface electromyography non-invasively measures limb motion intent and correlates with joint, allowing users to learn efficient control through the refinement of unique muscle synergies while

  16. Asymmetry of Daily Temperature Records YOSEF ASHKENAZY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gildor, Hezi

    Asymmetry of Daily Temperature Records YOSEF ASHKENAZY Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, BIDR author address: Yosef Ashkenazy, Department of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics, The J. Blaustein al. 1996) database. The main advantage of this reanalysis data is its global 3D coverage. As follows

  17. Daily Weather Laboratory II Spring Semester 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van den Heever, Susan C.

    AT541 Daily Weather Laboratory II Spring Semester 2010 Meeting Times: Tuesday and Thursday: 1, dynamic and thermodynamic characteristics of mesoscale weather phenomena. Aspects of synoptic- scale contest will also be held, separated by the mid-term exam. In-class weather briefings will be given

  18. Daily Precipitation Grids for South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robeson, Scott M.

    W Daily Precipitation Grids for South America --SCOTT M. ROBESON AND LESLIE A. ENSOR Indiana precipitation databases, such as that of Liebmann and Allured (2005, hereafter LA2005). Precipitation this important region has received limited attention with regard to precipitation data- bases (Cook et al. 2003

  19. DAILY JOURNAL NEWSWIRE ARTICLE http://www.dailyjournal.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    DAILY JOURNAL NEWSWIRE ARTICLE http://www.dailyjournal.com © 2009 The Daily Journal Corporation IDEAS IN COPENHAGEN By Fiona Smith Daily Journal Staff Writer Two Berkeley Law students will push and is accompanying them to Copenhagen. #12;DAILY JOURNAL NEWSWIRE ARTICLE http://www.dailyjournal.com © 2009

  20. Daily Flight Planning and Operations Schedule

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit theCovalent Bonding Low-Cost2 DOE HQSiteo n n(Technical Report) | SciTechDaily

  1. DETECTION OF WIDESPREAD HYDRATED MATERIALS ON VESTA BY THE VIR IMAGING SPECTROMETER ON BOARD THE DAWN MISSION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Sanctis, M. C.; Ammannito, E.; Palomba, E.; Longobardo, A.; Capaccioni, F.; Capria, M. T.; Tosi, F.; Zambon, F.; Carraro, F.; Fonte, S.; Frigeri, A.; Magni, G.; Combe, J.-Ph.; McCord, T. B.; Marchi, S.; Mittlefehldt, D. W.; Pieters, C. M.; Sunshine, J.; Raymond, C. A.; Russell, C. T.; and others

    2012-10-20

    Water plays a key role in the evolution of terrestrial planets, and notably in the occurrence of Earth's oceans. However, the mechanism by which water has been incorporated into these bodies-including Earth-is still extensively debated. Here we report the detection of widespread 2.8 {mu}m OH absorption bands on the surface of the asteroid Vesta by the VIR imaging spectrometer on board Dawn. These observations are surprising as Vesta is fully differentiated with a basaltic surface. The 2.8 {mu}m OH absorption is distributed across Vesta's surface and shows areas enriched and depleted in hydrated materials. The uneven distribution of hydrated mineral phases is unexpected and indicates ancient processes that differ from those believed to be responsible for OH on other airless bodies, like the Moon. The origin of Vestan OH provides new insight into the delivery of hydrous materials in the main belt and may offer new scenarios on the delivery of hydrous minerals in the inner solar system, suggesting processes that may have played a role in the formation of terrestrial planets.

  2. Chaos and scaling in daily river flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. De Domenico; M. Ali Ghorbani

    2011-04-07

    Adequate knowledge of the nature of river flow process is crucial for proper planning and management of our water resources and environment. This study attempts to detect the salient characteristics of flow dynamics of the Karoon River in Iran. Daily discharge series observed over a period of six years (1999-2004) is analyzed to examine the chaotic and scaling characteristics of the flow dynamics. The presence of chaos is investigated through the correlation dimension and Lyapunov exponent methods, while the Hurst exponent and R\\'enyi dimension analyses are performed to explore the scaling characteristics. The low correlation dimension ($2.60 \\pm 0.07$) and the positive largest Lyapunov exponent ($0.014 \\pm 0.001$) suggest the presence of low-dimensional chaos; they also imply that the flow dynamics are dominantly governed by three variables and can be reliably predicted up to 48 days (i.e. prediction horizon). Results from the Hurst exponent and R\\'enyi dimension analyses reveal the multifractal character of the flow dynamics, with persistent and anti-persistent behaviors observed at different time scales.

  3. New director of Jefferson Lab named (Daily Press) | Jefferson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    https:www.jlab.orgnewsarticlesnew-director-jefferson-lab-named-daily-press New director of Jefferson Lab named Hugh Montgomery Hugh Montgomery has been named president of...

  4. A Method for Calculating Reference Evapotranspiration on Daily Time Scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, William

    Measures of reference evapotranspiration are essential for applications of agricultural management and water resources engineering. Using numerous esoteric variables, one can calculate daily reference evapotranspiration ...

  5. Their best defense is good fiscal sense (Daily Press) | Jefferson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    https:www.jlab.orgnewsarticlestheir-best-defense-good-fiscal-sense-daily-press Their best defense is good fiscal sense Top Guard Security finds it can be a good idea to say,...

  6. Daily Thermal Predictions of the AGR-1 Experiment with Gas Gaps Varying with Time

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grant Hawkes; James Sterbentz; John Maki; Binh Pham

    2012-06-01

    A new daily as-run thermal analysis was performed at the Idaho National Laboratory on the Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) test experiment number one at the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR). This thermal analysis incorporates gas gaps changing with time during the irradiation experiment. The purpose of this analysis was to calculate the daily average temperatures of each compact to compare with experimental results. Post irradiation examination (PIE) measurements of the graphite holder and fuel compacts showed the gas gaps varying from the beginning of life. The control temperature gas gap and the fuel compact – graphite holder gas gaps were linearly changed from the original fabrication dimensions, to the end of irradiation measurements. A steady-state thermal analysis was performed for each daily calculation. These new thermal predictions more closely match the experimental data taken during the experiment than previous analyses. Results are presented comparing normalized compact average temperatures to normalized log(R/B) Kr-85m. The R/B term is the measured release rate divided by the predicted birth rate for the isotope Kr-85m. Correlations between these two normalized values are presented.

  7. Description: Lithium batteries are used daily in our work

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Description: Lithium batteries are used daily in our work activities from flashlights, cell phones containing one SureFire 3-volt non-rechargeable 123 lithium battery and one Interstate 3-volt non-rechargeable 123 lithium battery. A Garage Mechanic had the SureFire flashlight in his shirt pocket with the lens

  8. Is proportion burned severely related to daily area burned?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    burn severity for individual daily areas burned that occurred during 42 large forest fires in central progression, forest fires, infrared perimeter mapping, northern Rockies 1. Introduction Extreme wildfires Yellowstone Fires (Turner et al 1994), the 1997 Indonesian Forest Fires, and the Australian Black Saturday

  9. TRIP / DAILY OPERATOR CHECKLIST CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LONG BEACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorin, Eric J.

    TRIP / DAILY OPERATOR CHECKLIST CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LONG BEACH Date_____________ License Needing Attention Overheating Oil Leaking Knocks No power Oil pressure loss Noisy Slips Poor release Grabs Chatters Noisy Oil leakage Hard shifting Slips during shifts ( Shimmy-wander Free play Wheel balance Hard

  10. Gridding NCDC daily meteorological data Version 2.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    1 Gridding NCDC daily meteorological data Version 2.0 Greg O'Donnell, Bernt V. Matheussen, Alan, and 2) appending more recent data downloaded from the NCDC On-Line Web Site. The core of the gridding;3 1.1 Basin Definition Before any preprocessing is possible the basin boundary at the gridded

  11. Surviving racism: African Nova Scotian women talk about the daily

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    Surviving racism: African Nova Scotian women talk about the daily racism they've experienced a discussion Wednesday as part of Dalhousie's Global Health Rounds. Titled "Surviving Racism and its Impact Scotia #12;does not still have a history of racism and I can assure you that that history is strong

  12. Predicting Daily Net Radiation Using Minimum Climatological Data1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .1061/ ASCE 0733-9437 2003 129:4 256 CE Database subject headings: Radiation; Solar radiationPredicting Daily Net Radiation Using Minimum Climatological Data1 S. Irmak, M.ASCE2 ; A. Irmak3 ; J Abstract: Net radiation (Rn) is a key variable for computing reference evapotranspiration and is a driving

  13. Cointegration of the Daily Electric Power System Load and the Weather

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanov, Stefan Z

    2007-01-01

    The paper examines the cointegration of the daily electric power system load and the weather by a field intelligent system. The daily load has been modelled by dynamic regressions. A "Daily Artificial Dispather" thermal intelligent system has been costructed. Time and energy tests have been obtained for this intelligent system. The improvement in the daily load forecast, achieved by this intelligent system, has been obtained. The predicted daily electricity price has been found.

  14. Daily diaries of respiratory symptoms and air pollution: Methodological issues and results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, J. ); Wypij, D.; Dockery D.; Ware, J.; Spengler, J.; Ferris, B. Jr. ); Zeger, S. )

    1991-01-01

    Daily diaries of respiratory symptoms are a powerful technique for detecting acute effects of air pollution exposure. While conceptually simple, these diary studies can be difficult to analyze. The daily symptom rates are highly correlated, even after adjustment for covariates, and this lack of independence must be considered in the analysis. Possible approaches include the use of incidence instead of prevalence rates and autoregressive models. Heterogeneity among subjects also induces dependencies in the data. These can be addressed by stratification and by two-stage models such as those developed by Korn and Whittemore. These approaches have been applied to two data sets: a cohort of school children participating in the Harvard Six Cities Study and a cohort of student nurses in Los Angeles. Both data sets provide evidence of autocorrelation and heterogeneity. Controlling for autocorrelation corrects the precision estimates, and because diary data are usually positively autocorrelated, this leads to larger variance estimates. Controlling for heterogeneity among subjects appears to increase the effect sizes for air pollution exposure. Preliminary results indicate associations between sulfur dioxide and cough incidence in children and between nitrogen dioxide and phlegm incidence in student nurses.

  15. Water Rights Analysis Package (WRAP) Daily Modeling System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurbs, R.; Hoffpauir, R.

    2012-10-01

    Modeling System TR-430 Texas Water Resources Institute College Station, Texas August 2012 by Ralph A. Wurbs and Richard J. Hoffpauir Texas A&M University Water Rights Analysis Package (WRAP) Daily Modeling System...-9-89809 (2008-2011) Contract 582-12-10220 (2011-2013) Technical Report No. 430 Texas Water Resources Institute The Texas A&M University System College Station, Texas 77843-2118 August 2012 ii iii TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 Water...

  16. Extreme event statistics of daily rainfall: Dynamical systems approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Cigdem Yalcin; Pau Rabassa; Christian Beck

    2015-08-15

    We analyse the probability densities of daily rainfall amounts at a variety of locations on the Earth. The observed distributions of the amount of rainfall fit well to a q-exponential distribution with exponent q close to q=1.3. We discuss possible reasons for the emergence of this power law. On the contrary, the waiting time distribution between rainy days is observed to follow a near-exponential distribution. A careful investigation shows that a q-exponential with q=1.05 yields actually the best fit of the data. A Poisson process where the rate fluctuates slightly in a superstatistical way is discussed as a possible model for this. We discuss the extreme value statistics for extreme daily rainfall, which can potentially lead to flooding. This is described by Frechet distributions as the corresponding distributions of the amount of daily rainfall decay with a power law. On the other hand, looking at extreme event statistics of waiting times between rainy days (leading to droughts for very long dry periods) we obtain from the observed near-exponential decay of waiting times an extreme event statistics close to Gumbel distributions. We discuss superstatistical dynamical systems as simple models in this context.

  17. Extreme event statistics of daily rainfall: Dynamical systems approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yalcin, G Cigdem; Beck, Christian

    2015-01-01

    We analyse the probability densities of daily rainfall amounts at a variety of locations on the Earth. The observed distributions of the amount of rainfall fit well to a q-exponential distribution with exponent q close to q=1.3. We discuss possible reasons for the emergence of this power law. On the contrary, the waiting time distribution between rainy days is observed to follow a near-exponential distribution. A careful investigation shows that a q-exponential with q=1.05 yields actually the best fit of the data. A Poisson process where the rate fluctuates slightly in a superstatistical way is discussed as a possible model for this. We discuss the extreme value statistics for extreme daily rainfall, which can potentially lead to flooding. This is described by Frechet distributions as the corresponding distributions of the amount of daily rainfall decay with a power law. On the other hand, looking at extreme event statistics of waiting times between rainy days (leading to droughts for very long dry periods) w...

  18. Daily temperature and precipitation data for 223 USSR Stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Razuvaev, V.N.; Apasova, E.G.; Martuganov, R.A.; Vose, R.S.; Steurer, P.M.

    1993-11-01

    On- May 23, 1972, the United States and the USSR established a bilateral initiative known as the Agreement on Protection of the Environment. Given recent interest in possible greenhouse gas-induced climate change, Working Group VIII (Influence of Environmental Changes on Climate) has become particularly useful to the scientific communities of both nations. Among its many achievements, Working Group VIII has been instrumental in the exchange of climatological information between the principal climate data centers of each country [i.e., the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) in Asheville, North Carolina, and the Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information in Obninsk, Russia]. Considering the relative lack of climate records previously available for the USSR, data obtained via this bilateral exchange are particularly valuable to researchers outside the former Soviet Union. To expedite the dissemination of these data, NOAA`s Climate and Global Change Program funded the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) and NCDC to distribute one of the more useful archives acquired through this exchange: a 223-station daily data set covering the period 1881-1989. This data set contains: (1) daily mean, minimum, and maximum temperature data; (2) daily precipitation data; (3) station inventory information (WMO No., name, coordinates, and elevation); (4) station history information (station relocation and rain gauge replacement dates); and (5) quality assurance information (i.e., flag codes that were assigned as a result of various data checks). The data set is available, free of charge, as a Numeric Data Package (NDP) from CDIAC. The NDP consists of 18 data files and a printed document which describes both the data files and the 223-station network in detail.

  19. Bacteria Total Maximum Daily Load Task Force Final Report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, C. Allan; Wagner, Kevin; Di Giovanni, George; Hauck, Larry; Mott, Joanna; Rifai, Hanadi; Srinivasan, Raghavan; Ward, George; Wythe, Kathy

    2009-01-01

    stream_source_info TR-341 Bacteria TMDL Task Force Report Draft Four 6.4.07.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 344770 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name TR-341 Bacteria TMDL Task Force Report Draft Four 6....4.07.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 TR-341 2009 Bacteria Total Maximum Daily Load Task Force Final Report By C. Allan Jones and Kevin Wagner, Texas Water Resources...

  20. Climbing and the daily energy cost of locomotion in wild chimpanzees: implications for hominoid locomotor evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pontzer, Herman

    in a population of wild chimpanzees and used published equations to calculate the relative daily energy costsClimbing and the daily energy cost of locomotion in wild chimpanzees: implications for hominoid, specifically whether arboreal adaptations serve to minimize daily locomotor energy costs by decreasing

  1. APPENDIX III III.1 Precipitation Daily Totals Preceding Precipitation Events-----------------------------------------III-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    APPENDIX III III.1 Precipitation Daily Totals Preceding Precipitation Events-----------------------------------------III-2 Figure III.1.1 Precipitation daily totals preceding the a) calibration and b) and c) validationPRECIPITATION DAILY TOTALS PRECEDING PRECIPITATION EVENTS 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 9/19/819/21/819/23/819/25/819/27

  2. From Control Society to Parliament of Things: Designing Object Relations with an Internet of Things

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuters, Marc

    2009-01-01

    The Dawning Age of Ubiquitous Computing. New Riders Press,of “spimes” to show how ubiquitous computing is giving non-

  3. Manual on Conditional Reliability, Daily Time Step, Flood Control, and Salinity Features of WRAP (Draft) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurbs, Ralph

    2005-01-01

    ....................................................................................................... 158 5.9 Beginning Reservoir Storage BRS File for the Example ................................................ 161 5.10 SALT Input SIN File for the Example ............................................................................. 162 5... record field 9 to provide beginning reservoir storage for program SALT and TABLES 5CR2 record routines root1.SUB SIMD sub-monthly time step simulation results root1.FFA SIMD flood frequency analysis file with annual series of peak flow and storage...

  4. McGinness Hills Well 27A-10 Daily Drilling Report Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Knudsen, Steven

    2014-03-25

    This data should be used with the daily drilling record and other data which can be obtained from the contact listed below

  5. McGinness Hills Well 27A-10 Daily Drilling Report Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Knudsen, Steven

    This data should be used with the daily drilling record and other data which can be obtained from the contact listed below

  6. Stress begets stress: Three studies of the daily behavioral and affective mechanisms of spillover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sears, Meredith

    2015-01-01

    Understanding marriage and stress: Essential questions andlongitudinal examination of stress generation in depressive2009). Assessing daily stress processes in social surveys by

  7. Relationship Between Daily Exposure to Biomass Fuel Smoke and Blood Pressure in High-Altitude Peru

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    Between Daily Exposure to Biomass Fuel Smoke and BloodHousehold air pollution from biomass fuel use affects 3relationship between biomass fuel use and blood pressure. We

  8. Dawn Jeannine Wright Chief Scientist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    and Technical Support, Ocean Drilling, Texas A&M, 1986-1989 Research Cruise Experience: 2005 ­ Chief Scientist to American Samoa coral reefs (benthic habitat) 2001-'02 - Co-PI on shallow- and deepwater surveys, small Resolution, Ocean Drilling Program marine technician Recent Professional Recognition: Distinguished Teaching

  9. Changes to Sub-daily Rainfall Patterns in a Future Climate Seth Westra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    -daily rainfall `fragments' (continuous fine-resolution rainfall sequences whose total depth sums to the daily the fraction of the day with no rainfall increased by a median of 1.5%. This highlights that a large proportion resulting from anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases remains an important and continuing area

  10. Ecological Modelling 143 (2001) 227243 A globally applicable model of daily solar irradiance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt Jr., E. Raymond

    2001-01-01

    Ecological Modelling 143 (2001) 227­243 A globally applicable model of daily solar irradiance at many ground stations, the total daily solar irradiance (Rs) received at the earth's surface to measured solar irradiance. In a global comparison for the year 1987, VP-RAD-estimated and satellite

  11. Modeling and Generating Daily Changes in Market Variables Using A Multivariate Mixture of Normal Distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jin

    Modeling and Generating Daily Changes in Market Variables Using A Multivariate Mixture of Normal of the normal distribution for modeling of daily changes in market variables with fatter-than-normal tails is to transform (linearly) a multivariate normalwith an input covariance matrix into the desired multivariate

  12. A knearest-neighbor simulator for daily precipitation and other weather variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balaji, Rajagopalan

    A k­nearest-neighbor simulator for daily precipitation and other weather variables Balaji simulation method is provided to generate random sequences of daily weather variables that "honor" the statistical properties of the historical data of the same weather variables at the site. A vector of weather

  13. A simple method to downscale daily wind statistics to hourly wind data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zhongling

    2013-01-01

    Wind is the principal driver in the wind erosion models. The hourly wind speed data were generally required for precisely wind erosion modeling. In this study, a simple method to generate hourly wind speed data from daily wind statistics (daily average and maximum wind speeds together or daily average wind speed only) was established. A typical windy location with 3285 days (9 years) measured hourly wind speed data were used to validate the downscaling method. The results showed that the overall agreement between observed and simulated cumulative wind speed probability distributions appears excellent, especially for the wind speeds greater than 5 m s-1 range (erosive wind speed). The results further revealed that the values of daily average erosive wind power density (AWPD) calculated from generated wind speeds fit the counterparts computed from measured wind speeds well with high models' efficiency (Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient). So that the hourly wind speed data can be predicted from daily average and maximu...

  14. A preliminary study of the linear relationship between monthly averaged daily solar radiation and daily thermal amplitude in the north of Buenos Aires provence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cionco, R; Rodriguez, R

    2012-01-01

    Using irradiance and temperature measurements obtained at the Facultad Regional San Nicol\\'as of UTN, we performed a preliminary study of the linear relationship between monthly averaged daily solar radiation and daily thermal amplitude. The results show a very satisfactory adjustment (R = 0.848, RMS = 0.066, RMS% = 9.690 %), even taking into account the limited number of months (36). Thus, we have a formula of predictive nature, capable of estimating mean monthly solar radiation for various applications. We expect to have new data sets to expand and improve the statistical significance of these results.

  15. Controlling Badger Damage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Wildlife Damage Management Service

    2004-06-28

    themselves if provoked. They have a ferocious appearance and will growl, hiss or snarl when cornered or fighting. Badgers are most active at night but are often seen at dawn or dusk and occasionally during the day. The badger is a tireless burrower...

  16. Cakewalking into representation : Gabriele Münter's America travels (1898-1900) and art of dailiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bible, Ann Vollmann

    2008-01-01

    This study explores the fashioning of Gabriele Münter as a German modernist with a focus on the eclipse of her struggles in coming to representation, the rich complexity of her processes, and the importance of dailiness ...

  17. Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himpsel, Franz J.

    Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors (like a butterly, no bleaching after 5 years Miami) #12;Nanotechnology on our Desktops Hard Disk Sensor Medium

  18. A resampling procedure for generating conditioned daily weather Martyn P. Clark,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balaji, Rajagopalan

    A resampling procedure for generating conditioned daily weather sequences Martyn P. Clark,1 the observed spatial (intersite) and temporal correlation statistics. The weather generator model is applied weather sequence. The weather generator model is extended to produce sequences of weather

  19. LCA comparison of windrow composting of yard wastes with use as alternative daily cover (ADC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    LCA comparison of windrow composting of yard wastes with use as alternative daily cover (ADC) Rob Assessment was made using the SimaPro LCA software and showed that the ADC scenario is more beneficial

  20. Daily HD TV News: Helping to Turn You On | Home | News | Blog | Reviews |

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Search Daily HD TV News: Helping to Turn You On | Home | News | Blog | Reviews | Sunday 30th of August 2009 Main: Home· HDTV News· HDTV Blog· HDTV Reviews· HDTV Categories: General HDTV· HDTV Receivers

  1. Daily digestible protein and energy requirements for growth and maintenance of sub-adult Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siccardi, Anthony Joseph, III

    2009-06-02

    This study utilized two diets (25 and 35% crude protein) fed at 10 different rates to produce differences in shrimp specific growth rate which were regressed against daily digestible protein (DP) and digestible energy (DE) intake to estimate daily...

  2. The potential of different artificial neural network (ANN) techniques in daily global solar radiation modeling based on meteorological data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Behrang, M.A.; Assareh, E. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University, Dezful Branch (Iran); Ghanbarzadeh, A.; Noghrehabadi, A.R. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz (Iran)

    2010-08-15

    The main objective of present study is to predict daily global solar radiation (GSR) on a horizontal surface, based on meteorological variables, using different artificial neural network (ANN) techniques. Daily mean air temperature, relative humidity, sunshine hours, evaporation, and wind speed values between 2002 and 2006 for Dezful city in Iran (32 16'N, 48 25'E), are used in this study. In order to consider the effect of each meteorological variable on daily GSR prediction, six following combinations of input variables are considered: (I)Day of the year, daily mean air temperature and relative humidity as inputs and daily GSR as output. (II)Day of the year, daily mean air temperature and sunshine hours as inputs and daily GSR as output. (III)Day of the year, daily mean air temperature, relative humidity and sunshine hours as inputs and daily GSR as output. (IV)Day of the year, daily mean air temperature, relative humidity, sunshine hours and evaporation as inputs and daily GSR as output. (V)Day of the year, daily mean air temperature, relative humidity, sunshine hours and wind speed as inputs and daily GSR as output. (VI)Day of the year, daily mean air temperature, relative humidity, sunshine hours, evaporation and wind speed as inputs and daily GSR as output. Multi-layer perceptron (MLP) and radial basis function (RBF) neural networks are applied for daily GSR modeling based on six proposed combinations. The measured data between 2002 and 2005 are used to train the neural networks while the data for 214 days from 2006 are used as testing data. The comparison of obtained results from ANNs and different conventional GSR prediction (CGSRP) models shows very good improvements (i.e. the predicted values of best ANN model (MLP-V) has a mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) about 5.21% versus 10.02% for best CGSRP model (CGSRP 5)). (author)

  3. A Simple Intervention Increases Retention Rates of Medical Student Daily Evaluations During a Fourth Year Elective Rotation in Emergency Medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golden, A; Wasserman, J; Bania, T; Stratton, J

    2014-01-01

    Daily Evaluations During a Fourth Year Elective Rotation inNY Background: The majority of fourth year medical students’

  4. Prospective Trial of High-Dose Reirradiation Using Daily Image Guidance With Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Recurrent and Second Primary Head-and-Neck Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Allen M.; Farwell, D. Gregory; Luu, Quang; Cheng, Suzan; Donald, Paul J.; Purdy, James A.

    2011-07-01

    Purpose: To report a single-institutional experience using intensity-modulated radiotherapy with daily image-guided radiotherapy for the reirradiation of recurrent and second cancers of the head and neck. Methods and Materials: Twenty-one consecutive patients were prospectively treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy from February 2006 to March 2009 to a median dose of 66 Gy (range, 60-70 Gy). None of these patients received concurrent chemotherapy. Daily helical megavoltage CT scans were obtained before each fraction as part of an image-guided radiotherapy registration protocol for patient alignment. Results: The 1- and 2-year estimates of in-field control were 72% and 65%, respectively. A total of 651 daily megavoltage CT scans were obtained. The mean systematic shift to account for interfraction motion was 1.38 {+-} 1.25 mm, 1.79 {+-} 1.45 mm, and 1.98 {+-} 1.75 mm for the medial-lateral, superior-inferior, and anterior-posterior directions, respectively. Pretreatment shifts of >3 mm occurred in 19% of setups in the medial-lateral, 27% in the superior-inferior, and 33% in the anterior-posterior directions, respectively. There were no treatment-related fatalities or hospitalizations. Complications included skin desquamation, odynophagia, otitis externa, keratitis, naso-lacrimal duct stenosis, and brachial plexopathy. Conclusions: Intensity-modulated radiotherapy with daily image guidance results in effective disease control with relatively low morbidity and should be considered for selected patients with recurrent and second primary cancers of the head and neck.

  5. Abstract--Using a bioenergetics model, we estimated daily ration and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    332 Abstract--Using a bioenergetics model, we estimated daily ration and seasonal prey consumption sandbar sharks (Carcharhinus plumbeus) in Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, using a bioenergetics model* W. Wesley used in error analyses of the sandbar shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus) bioenergetics model. See text

  6. Regression Model for Daily Maximum Stream Temperature David W. Neumann1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balaji, Rajagopalan

    Regression Model for Daily Maximum Stream Temperature David W. Neumann1 ; Balaji Rajagopalan2 for the summer period. The model is created using a stepwise linear regression procedure to select significant-9372 2003 129:7 667 CE Database subject headings: Decision support systems; Regression models; California

  7. Abstract Daily weather generators are used in many applications and risk analyses. The present paper ex-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segura, Enrique Carlos

    de Computacio´n, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires´anos, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina Clim Dyn;scribe four classes of daily rainfall stochastic models: two-part model (e.g. Richardson 1981

  8. Automatic Assessment of Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesias in Daily Life by Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gielen, C.C.A.M.

    Automatic Assessment of Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesias in Daily Life by Neural Networks Noe¨l L on the body. A neural network was trained to assess the severity of LID using various variables of the accelerometer signals. Neural network scores were compared with the assessment by physicians, who evaluated

  9. Some Basic Ideas Migration is a long-term (> daily) movement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Christopher A.

    1 Migration Humpbacked Whales Some Basic Ideas Migration is a long-term (> daily) movement from one migrate yearly to find suitable substrate/water level/water temperature Costs and Benefits of Migration of breeding individuals Costs of migration include: Increased risk of predation or death from natural events

  10. Application of Flow Battery in Marine Current Turbine System for Daily Power Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    Application of Flow Battery in Marine Current Turbine System for Daily Power Management Zhibin Zhou focuses on a grid-connected MCT system and proposes using vanadium redox flow battery (VRB) energy storage and to guarantee the expected power injection to the local grid. Keywords--Marine current turbine, flow battery

  11. The Daily Princetonian -International fusion project will use Princeton physics lab Summer Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to determine the viability of exploiting cold fusion as an energy source around the world. Much of the researchThe Daily Princetonian - International fusion project will use Princeton physics lab Summer Program | Previous | Next | Calendar International fusion project will use Princeton physics lab By ABBY WILLIAMS

  12. Communication and Media Studies Communicating is something we all do on a daily basis. An

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    Communication and Media Studies Communicating is something we all do on a daily basis. An understanding of human communication, and the ability to communicate well, is key to a successful career. Communication and media studies offers courses that help students learn how to be effective creators and critics

  13. Gastric Evacuation and Daily Ration of Naturally Produced Age-0 Chinook Salmon in Lake Ontario

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraft, Clifford E.

    Gastric Evacuation and Daily Ration of Naturally Produced Age-0 Chinook Salmon in Lake Ontario was discovered in Lake Ontario tributaries, little is known about the feeding dynamics of these fish after the nearshore region of Lake Ontario after emigrating from the Salmon River, New York, a major U.S. tributary

  14. Measuring 3D Arm Movements for Activities of Daily Living Thomas Haslwanter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haslwanter, Thomas

    - 1 - Measuring 3D Arm Movements for Activities of Daily Living Thomas Haslwanter Upper Austria in everyday life show a large variability between different, healthy subjects. In order to find reference arm movements for monitoring the progress of rehabilitation after stroke, we investigated the similarity of arm

  15. Jacksonville Daily Record Amendments 5 and 6: Redistricting changes also a party fight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Jacksonville Daily Record Amendments 5 and 6: Redistricting changes also a party fight 10 political boundaries has always proved a fierce partisan fight. But this fall, the struggle has intensified fight." Amendments 5 and 6, if approved by at least 60 percent of Florida voters, would guide the 2012

  16. Home Science One fish, two fish, dumb fish, dead fish DAILY SECTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernald, Russell

    Home Science One fish, two fish, dumb fish, dead fish Home DAILY SECTIONS News Sports Opinion Arts America! Study Spanish & Volunteer ONE FISH, TWO FISH, DUMB FISH, DEAD FISH | Print | E- mail Written scientists say fish are capable of deducing how they stack up against the competition by simply watching

  17. Daily air pollution effects on children's respiratory symptoms and peak expiratory flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vedal, S.; Schenker, M.B.; Munoz, A.; Samet, J.M.; Batterman, S.; Speizer, F.E.

    1987-06-01

    To identify acute respiratory health effects associated with air pollution due to coal combustion, a subgroup of elementary school-aged children was selected from a large cross-sectional study and followed daily for eight months. Children were selected to obtain three equal-sized groups: one without respiratory symptoms, one with symptoms of persistent wheeze, and one with cough or phlegm production but without persistent wheeze. Parents completed a daily diary of symptoms from which illness constellations of upper respiratory illness (URI) and lower respiratory illness (LRI) and the symptom of wheeze were derived. Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) was measured daily for nine consecutive weeks during the eight-month study period. Maximum hourly concentrations of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and coefficient of haze for each 24-hour period, as well as minimum hourly temperature, were correlated with daily URI, LRI, wheeze, and PEFR using multiple regression models adjusting for illness occurrence or level of PEFR on the immediately preceding day. Respiratory illness on the preceding day was the most important predictor of current illness. A drop in temperature was associated with increased URI and LRI but not with increased wheeze or with a decrease in level of PEFR. No air pollutant was strongly associated with respiratory illness or with level of PEFR, either in the group of children as a whole, or in either of the symptomatic subgroups; the pollutant concentrations observed, however, were uniformly lower than current ambient air quality standards.

  18. Rainfall Generator for the Rhine Basin Nearest-neighbour resampling of daily

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beersma, Jules

    Rainfall Generator for the Rhine Basin Nearest-neighbour resampling of daily circulation indices and conditional generation of weather variables Jules J. Beersma T. Adri Buishand KNMI publication 186­III Work) Telephone: +31.320.298411; Telefax: +31.320.249218 #12;2 Rainfall Generator for the Rhine Basin #12

  19. Information technology has clearly had an impact on our daily lives. It has also altered the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Information technology has clearly had an impact on our daily lives. It has also altered the global organization -- where people are sup- ported by technology, rather than the other way around. Open information-mail: gilbey@bcs.org.uk Wired for Innovation: How Information Technology is Reshaping the Economy Erik

  20. Detrending Daily Natural Gas Consumption Series to Improve Short-Term Forecasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Povinelli, Richard J.

    Detrending Daily Natural Gas Consumption Series to Improve Short-Term Forecasts Ronald H. Brown1 that allows long-term natural gas demand signals to be used effect- ively to generate high quality short-term natural gas demand forecasting models. Short data sets in natural gas forecasting inadequately represent

  1. DAILY FLOW ROUTING WITH THE MUSKINGUM-CUNGE METHOD IN THE PECOS RIVER RIVERWARE MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that is a general river basin modeling tool that runs in an object-oriented modeling environment. While for each river reach must also run one model timestep at a time. The resulting routing method in RiverDAILY FLOW ROUTING WITH THE MUSKINGUM-CUNGE METHOD IN THE PECOS RIVER RIVERWARE MODEL Craig B

  2. Biomass burning emission inventory with daily resolution: Application to aircraft observations of Asian outflow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Paul

    Biomass burning emission inventory with daily resolution: Application to aircraft observations for biomass burning using AVHRR satellite observations of fire activity corrected for data gaps and scan angle biomass burning in SE Asia was a major contributor to the outflow of Asian pollution observed in TRACE

  3. A nonparametric wet/dry spell model for resampling daily precipitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarboton, David

    A nonparametric wet/dry spell model for resampling daily precipitation Upmanu Lall Department precipitation at a site. The model considers alternating sequences of wet and dry days in a given season, wet spell length, precipitation amount, and wet spell length given prior to dry spell length

  4. Deriving a light use efficiency model from eddy covariance flux data for predicting daily gross primary production across biomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    biome comparison of daily light-use efficiency for grossNPP): analysis of differences in light absorptionand light-use efficiency. Global Change Biol. 5, Ruimy, A. ,

  5. Mosquito Control Around the Home 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackman, John A.; Olson, Jimmy K.

    2003-03-17

    that are active at dusk and dawn can often be avoided. Spe- cies that bite throughout the day are more difficult to avoid. ? Wear long, loose-fitting clothing to avoid mosquito bites. Use head nets when mosquitoes are very abun- dant. ? Use repellents whenever...

  6. Evaluation of the MODIS (MOD10A1) daily snow albedo product over the Greenland ice sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Box, Jason E.

    Evaluation of the MODIS (MOD10A1) daily snow albedo product over the Greenland ice sheet Julienne C Abstract This study evaluates the performance of the beta-test MODIS (MOD10A1) daily albedo product using with the launch of the first Landsat. Since then, a wide range of optical-wavelength sensors have been launched

  7. Langerhans Lab Protocols LiveFishCareDailyChecklistBRF.docx revised 10/3/2014 Page 1 of 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    Langerhans Lab Protocols LiveFishCareDailyChecklistBRF.docx revised 10/3/2014 Page 1 of 3 Daily Steps for Live Fish Care in BRF 221 and 223 Morning Feeding: Summary: Monday-Friday (7:00am - 10:00am disturbance to the fish after introducing the food). c. During the feeding process, make note of any dead fish

  8. A cyclic time-dependent Markov process to model daily patterns in wind turbine power production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scholz, Teresa; Estanqueiro, Ana

    2013-01-01

    Wind energy is becoming a top contributor to the renewable energy mix, which raises potential reliability issues for the grid due to the fluctuating nature of its source. To achieve adequate reserve commitment and to promote market participation, it is necessary to provide models that can capture daily patterns in wind power production. This paper presents a cyclic inhomogeneous Markov process, which is based on a three-dimensional state-space (wind power, speed and direction). Each time-dependent transition probability is expressed as a Bernstein polynomial. The model parameters are estimated by solving a constrained optimization problem: The objective function combines two maximum likelihood estimators, one to ensure that the Markov process long-term behavior reproduces the data accurately and another to capture daily fluctuations. A convex formulation for the overall optimization problem is presented and its applicability demonstrated through the analysis of a case-study. The proposed model is capable of r...

  9. Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data on a 1-km Grid for North America, Version 2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornton, Peter E [ORNL; Thornton, Michele M [ORNL; Mayer, Benjamin W [ORNL; Wilhelmi, Nate [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Wei, Yaxing [ORNL; Devarakonda, Ranjeet [ORNL; Cook, Robert B [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    More information: http://daymet.ornl.gov Presenter: Ranjeet Devarakonda Environmental Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data and Climatological Summaries provides gridded estimates of daily weather parameters for North America, including daily continuous surfaces of minimum and maximum temperature, precipitation occurrence and amount, humidity, shortwave radiation, snow water equivalent, and day length. The current data product (Version 2) covers the period January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2013 [1]. The prior product (Version 1) only covered from 1980-2008. Data are available on a daily time step at a 1-km x 1-km spatial resolution in Lambert Conformal Conic projection with a spatial extent that covers the conterminous United States, Mexico, and Southern Canada as meteorological station density allows. Daymet data can be downloaded from 1) the ORNL Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) search and order tools (http://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/cart/add2cart.pl?add=1219) or directly from the DAAC FTP site (http://daac.ornl.gov/cgi-bin/dsviewer.pl?ds_id=1219) and 2) the Single Pixel Tool [2] and THREDDS (Thematic Real-time Environmental Data Services) Data Server [3]. The Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool allows users to enter a single geographic point by latitude and longitude in decimal degrees. A routine is executed that translates the (lon, lat) coordinates into projected Daymet (x,y) coordinates. These coordinates are used to access the Daymet database of daily-interpolated surface weather variables. Daily data from the nearest 1 km x 1 km Daymet grid cell are extracted from the database and formatted as a table with one column for each Daymet variable and one row for each day. All daily data for selected years are returned as a single (long) table, formatted for display in the browser window. At the top of this table is a link to the same data in a simple comma-separated text format, suitable for import into a spreadsheet or other data analysis software. The Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool also provides the option to download multiple coordinates programmatically. A multiple extractor script is freely available to download at http://daymet.ornl.gov/files/daymet.zip. The ORNL DAAC s THREDDS data server (TDS) provides customized visualization and access to Daymet time series of North American mosaics. Users can subset and download Daymet data via a variety of community standards, including OPeNDAP, NetCDF Subset service, and Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Web Map/Coverage Service. The ORNL DAAC TDS also exposes Daymet metadata through its ncISO service to facilitate harvesting Daymet metadata records into 3rd party catalogs. References: [1] Thornton, P.E., M.M. Thornton, B.W. Mayer, N. Wilhelmi, Y. Wei, R. Devarakonda, and R.B. Cook. 2014. Daymet: Daily Surface Weather Data on a 1-km Grid for North America, Version 2. Data set. Available on-line [http://daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. [2] Devarakonda R., et al. 2012. Daymet: Single Pixel Data Extraction Tool. Available on-line [http://daymet.ornl.go/singlepixel.html]. [3] Wei Y., et al. 2014. Daymet: Thematic Real-time Environmental Data Services. Available on-line [http://daymet.ornl.gov/thredds_tiles.html].

  10. Infectious Disease Updates To minimize the risk of any infectious disease, practice these daily preventive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Xiao

    these daily preventive measures: · Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw seconds), especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are an alternative://www.sjsu.edu/studenthealth/cold_flu/index.html http://www.cdph.ca.gov/healthinfo/discond/pages/influenza(flu).aspx 2) Pertussis (Whooping Cough) http://www.sjsu.edu/studenthealth/docs/whooping_cough

  11. DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act. DATE. of Bolivar St. A-005-10 Slip and Fall 1-18-10 Signal 21 425 S. Roman St. A-006-10 Keep Off Property 1 1100 Florida Ave. A-010-10 Vehicle Damage 1-25-10 Signal 21 425 S. Roman St. A-011-10 Power Outage 1

  12. DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act. DATEB 425 S. Roman St. A-016-13 Theft of bicycle 1/23/13 Signal 21 1900 Perdido St. A-017-13 Medical With The Student Right To Know Act. DATE OFFENSE LOCATION ITEM NUMBER COMMENTS 2/1/13 Signal 21 1100 Florida Ave. B

  13. DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act. DATE. Roman St. A-008-09 Parked car rolls back into another parked car 1-23-09 Signal 21L 1100 Florida Ave. A With The Student Right To Know Act. DATE OFFENSE LOCATION ITEM NUMBER COMMENTS 2-27-09 Signal 21 1100 Florida Ave

  14. DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act. DATE-12 Stolen Bike 1/17/12 Signal 21 425 S. Roman St. A-009-12 Damage to Vehicle 1/18/12 Signal 21 1100 Florida/25/12 Signal 24 1900 Gravier St. A-016-12 Medical Emergency 1/30/12 Signal 20 425 S. Roman St. A-017-12 Vehicle

  15. DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act. DATE Gravier St. A-008-11 Subject allegedly stalking employee 1-19-11 Signal 20 Tulane and Roman Sts. A-009 (Perdido Lot) A-012-11 Auto accident 1/25/11 Signal 21L 136 S. Roman St. A-013-11 Lost or stolen internet

  16. DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 DAILY CRIME LOG This Information Is Posted In Compliance With The Student Right To Know Act. DATE-08 Student hit parked vehicles 3-6-08 Signal 21 425 S. Roman St. C-001-08 Damage to parked vehicle 3-7-08 Signal 21 1900 Perdido St. C-002-08 Damage to vehicle 3-7-08 Signal 21 425 S. Roman St. C-003-08 Damage

  17. SU-E-J-153: MRI Based, Daily Adaptive Radiotherapy for Rectal Cancer: Contour Adaptation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kleijnen, J; Burbach, M; Verbraeken, T; Weggers, R; Zoetelief, A; Reerink, O; Lagendijk, J; Raaymakers, B; Asselen, B [University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht (Netherlands)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: A major hurdle in adaptive radiotherapy is the adaptation of the planning MRI's delineations to the daily anatomy. We therefore investigate the accuracy and time needed for online clinical target volume (CTV) adaptation by radiation therapists (RTT), to be used in MRI-guided adaptive treatments on a MRI-Linac (MRL). Methods: Sixteen patients, diagnosed with early stage rectal cancer, underwent a T2-weighted MRI prior to each fraction of short-course radiotherapy, resulting in 4–5 scans per patient. On these scans, the CTV was delineated according to guidelines by an experienced radiation oncologist (RO) and considered to be the gold standard. For each patient, the first MRI was considered as the planning MRI and matched on bony anatomy to the 3–4 daily MRIs. The planning MRI's CTV delineation was rigidly propagated to the daily MRI scans as a proposal for adaptation. Three RTTs in training started the adaptation of the CTV conform guidelines, after a two hour training lecture and a two patient (n=7) training set. To assess the inter-therapist variation, all three RTTs altered delineations of 3 patients (n=12). One RTT altered the CTV delineations (n=53) of the remaining 11 patients. Time needed for adaptation of the CTV to guidelines was registered.As a measure of agreement, the conformity index (CI) was determined between the RTTs' delineations as a group. Dice similarity coefficients were determined between delineations of the RTT and the RO. Results: We found good agreement between RTTs' and RO's delineations (average Dice=0.91, SD=0.03). Furthermore, the inter-observer agreement between the RTTs was high (average CI=0.94, SD=0.02). Adaptation time reduced from 10:33 min (SD= 3:46) to 2:56 min (SD=1:06) between the first and last ten delineations, respectively. Conclusion: Daily CTV adaptation by RTTs, seems a feasible and safe way to introduce daily, online MRI-based plan adaptation for a MRL.

  18. Contactless heat flux control with photonic devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Abdallah, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    The ability to control electric currents in solids using diodes and transistors is undoubtedly at the origin of the main developments in modern electronics which have revolutionized the daily life in the second half of 20th century. Surprisingly, until the year 2000 no thermal counterpart for such a control had been proposed. Since then, based on pioneering works on the control of phononic heat currents new devices were proposed which allow for the control of heat fluxes carried by photons rather than phonons or electrons. The goal of the present paper is to summarize the main advances achieved recently in the field of thermal energy control with photons.

  19. COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES CONTROLLER'S OFFICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES CONTROLLER'S OFFICE PROCUREMENT CARD HANDBOOK Revised November 2014 #12 ........................................................................................................9 #12;3 Introduction Procurement is a daily occurrence at Colorado School of Mines. The CSM VI.B.1.a]. There are many benefits to using the P-Card over any other methods of purchasing at Mines

  20. Real-Time Forcast Model Analysis of Daily Average Building Load for a Thermal Storage System Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, L.; Joo, I. S.; Guwana, S.

    2009-01-01

    methods for real-time forecasting of building electrical demand, ASHRAE Transaction vol.97(1):710-721 D.C. Montgomery, C. L. Jennings, M. Kulahci. 2007. Introduction to time series analysis and forecasting, ISBN 978-0-471-65397-4. L Ljung, T. S...?derstr?m, 1987, Theory and application of recursive identification, ISBN 978-0-262-12095-1 ESL-IC-09-11-03 Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Austin, Texas, November 17 - 19, 2009 ...

  1. Quantum spatial-periodic harmonic model for daily price-limited stock markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Xiangyi; Xu, Jingjing; Guo, Hong

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the behavior of stocks in daily price-limited stock markets by purposing a quantum spatial-periodic harmonic model. The stock price is presumed to oscillate and damp in a quantum spatial-periodic harmonic oscillator potential well. Complicated non-linear relations including inter-band positive correlation and intra-band negative correlation between the volatility and the trading volume of stocks are derived by considering the energy band structure of the model. The validity of price limitation is then examined and abnormal phenomena of a price-limited stock market (Shanghai Stock Exchange) of China are studied by applying our quantum model.

  2. The heritability of daily ranges in rectal temperature, respiration rate, and pulse rate in lactating cows 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vega C., Eduardo Humberto

    1957-01-01

    GMV 'KLl% NOIXVEIdSZH ZHflLVKEcBCiU 'IVLVK ar SZONVK ZrZVa n urrISVZIXe SSX THE HERITABILITY QF DAILT RANGES IR RECTAL TRAPE3ATCRE y HE V IRATI CR RATE & AHD PULSE RATE IR LACTATIlgl CCHH A Thesis Muardo Susbarto Vega C Appreved as to style... for the Daily Ranges of Tem- perature, Pulse Rate? snd Respiration Rate of Holsteins and Jerseys Prior to Adjustmsnt . ~ ~ ~ 13 IXX, Beans? Standard Errors, and Nunber of Observations for the Three Chax'aeter istics Beasuxed, After Adjustment ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 13...

  3. Daily Modulation as a Smoking Gun of Dark Matter with Significant Stopping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chris Kouvaris; Ian M. Shoemaker

    2015-04-01

    We point out that for a range of parameters, the flux of DM may be stopped significantly by its interactions with the Earth. This can significantly degrade the sensitivity of direct detection experiments to DM candidates with large interactions with terrestrial nuclei. We find that a significant region of parameter space remains unconstrained for DM $\\lesssim $ a few GeV. For DM candidates with moderate levels of stopping power, the flux of DM may be blocked from below but not above a detector thereby producing a novel daily modulation. This can be explored by low threshold detectors placed on the surface or in shallow sites in the south hemisphere.

  4. Behaviour of ambient temperature on daily basis in Italian climate V. Cuomo, F. Fontana and C. Serio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , such as the design and performances calculations of renewable energy tech- nologies (e.g. solar energy systems for modelling daily global solar irradiance Article published online by EDP Sciences and available at http

  5. New Zealand Forestry sector looks to $20bn industry by 2025 08 October 2003/Lumber and Building materials Daily

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , it also suffered from having small processing capacity to turn raw materials into remanufactured products materials Daily New Zealand's forestry sector is still confident it can expand into a $20 billion dollar

  6. INCLEMENT WEATHER Residents/fellows are essential to the daily operation of each hospital and are expected to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page 140 ` INCLEMENT WEATHER Residents/fellows are essential to the daily operation of each hospital and are expected to report to work when scheduled. In the event of a severe weather condition

  7. Real-Time Study of Prostate Intrafraction Motion During External Beam Radiotherapy With Daily Endorectal Balloon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Both, Stefan, E-mail: Stefan.Both@uphs.upenn.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital of University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Wang, Ken Kang-Hsin; Plastaras, John P.; Deville, Curtiland; Bar Ad, Voika; Tochner, Zelig; Vapiwala, Neha [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hospital of University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    2011-12-01

    Purpose: To prospectively investigate intrafraction prostate motion during radiofrequency-guided prostate radiotherapy with implanted electromagnetic transponders when daily endorectal balloon (ERB) is used. Methods and Materials: Intrafraction prostate motion from 24 patients in 787 treatment sessions was evaluated based on three-dimensional (3D), lateral, cranial-caudal (CC), and anterior-posterior (AP) displacements. The mean percentage of time with 3D, lateral, CC, and AP prostate displacements >2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 mm in 1 minute intervals was calculated for up to 6 minutes of treatment time. Correlation between the mean percentage time with 3D prostate displacement >3 mm vs. treatment week was investigated. Results: The percentage of time with 3D prostate movement >2, 3, and 4 mm increased with elapsed treatment time (p < 0.05). Prostate movement >5 mm was independent of elapsed treatment time (p = 0.11). The overall mean time with prostate excursions >3 mm was 5%. Directional analysis showed negligible lateral prostate motion; AP and CC motion were comparable. The fraction of time with 3D prostate movement >3 mm did not depend on treatment week of (p > 0.05) over a 4-minute mean treatment time. Conclusions: Daily endorectal balloon consistently stabilizes the prostate, preventing clinically significant displacement (>5 mm). A 3-mm internal margin may sufficiently account for 95% of intrafraction prostate movement for up to 6 minutes of treatment time. Directional analysis suggests that the lateral internal margin could be further reduced to 2 mm.

  8. Daily movements of female white-tailed deer relative to parturition and breeding.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gino J. D'Angelo; Christopher E. Comer; John C. Kilgo; Cory D. Drennan; David A. Osborn; Karl V. Miller

    2005-10-01

    Abstract: To assess how white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) herd demographics influence reproductive behaviors, we examined 24-h diel movements of female whitetailed deer relative to parturition and breeding in a low-density population with a near even sex ratio at the Savannah River Site (SRS), South Carolina. We conducted a series of intensive, 24-h radio-tracking periods of 13 females during spring and fall 2002. We compared daily range (ha), rate of travel (m/h), and distance between extreme daily locations (m), among the periods of pre-parturition and post-parturition and pre-, peak-, and post-rut. From pre-parturition to post-parturition, we observed decreases in diel range size (�¢����38.2%), distance between extreme diel locations (�¢����17.0%), and diel rate of travel (�¢����18.2%). Diel range size, distance between extreme diel locations, and diel rate of travel during the pre-rut and rut exceeded those observed during post-rut. We further identified substantial increases in mobility during 12 24-h diel periods for eight females during our fall monitoring. Our data suggest that female white-tailed deer reduce mobility post-fawning following exaggerated movements during pre-parturition. Furthermore, despite a near equal sex ratio, estrous does may be required to actively seek potential mates due to low population density.

  9. Superconductivity at Dawn of the Iron Age

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Tesanovic, Zlatko [Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States

    2010-09-01

    Superconductivity is a stunning quantum phenomenon and among the deepest paradigms in all of physics. From fundamental theories of the universe to strange goings-on in exotic materials to medical imaging and cell phones, its conceptual and practical dimensions span a reach as wide as anything in science. Twenty-odd years ago, the discovery of copper oxides ushered in a new era of high-temperature superconductivity, and the joyous exuberance that followed - with physicists throwing everything from fancy gauge theories to synchrotron radiation into its kitchen sink - only recently began to show any signs of waning. In the spring of 2008, as if on cue, a new family of iron pnictide high-temperature superconductors burst on the scene, hinting at an alternative route to room-temperature superconductivity and all of its momentous consequences. Fueled by genuine excitement - and a bit of hype - the iron-based superconductivity turned into a science blockbuster of 2009. I will present a pedagogical review of this new field, contrast the physics of iron- and copper-based systems, and speculate on the microscopic origins of the two types of high-temperature superconductivity.

  10. Dawn J. Wright Department of Geosciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    for the Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary American Samoa Public Library, May 10, 2001 #12;#12;From the Entire types · Analysis functions · Decision-making, planning, science #12;FBNMS GIS (Av,AI on NT) #12;FGDC

  11. Women @ Energy: Dawn Shaughnessy | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyThe U.S.Lacledeutilities.Energy Thefull swing,AlicePhillipsDarlene Yazzie is

  12. Forecasting of preprocessed daily solar radiation time series using neural networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paoli, Christophe; Muselli, Marc; Nivet, Marie-Laure [University of Corsica, CNRS UMR SPE, Corte (France); Voyant, Cyril [University of Corsica, CNRS UMR SPE, Corte (France); Hospital of Castelluccio, Radiotherapy Unit, Ajaccio (France)

    2010-12-15

    In this paper, we present an application of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) in the renewable energy domain. We particularly look at the Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) network which has been the most used of ANNs architectures both in the renewable energy domain and in the time series forecasting. We have used a MLP and an ad hoc time series pre-processing to develop a methodology for the daily prediction of global solar radiation on a horizontal surface. First results are promising with nRMSE {proportional_to} 21% and RMSE {proportional_to} 3.59 MJ/m{sup 2}. The optimized MLP presents predictions similar to or even better than conventional and reference methods such as ARIMA techniques, Bayesian inference, Markov chains and k-Nearest-Neighbors. Moreover we found that the data pre-processing approach proposed can reduce significantly forecasting errors of about 6% compared to conventional prediction methods such as Markov chains or Bayesian inference. The simulator proposed has been obtained using 19 years of available data from the meteorological station of Ajaccio (Corsica Island, France, 41 55'N, 8 44'E, 4 m above mean sea level). The predicted whole methodology has been validated on a 1.175 kWc mono-Si PV power grid. Six prediction methods (ANN, clear sky model, combination..) allow to predict the best daily DC PV power production at horizon d + 1. The cumulated DC PV energy on a 6-months period shows a great agreement between simulated and measured data (R{sup 2} > 0.99 and nRMSE < 2%). (author)

  13. SU-D-BRF-04: Digital Tomosynthesis for Improved Daily Setup in Treatment of Liver Lesions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Armstrong, H; Jones, B; Miften, M

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Daily localization of liver lesions with cone-beam CT (CBCT) is difficult due to poor image quality caused by scatter, respiratory motion, and the lack of radiographic contrast between the liver parenchyma and the lesion(s). Digital tomosynthesis (DTS) is investigated as a modality to improve liver visualization and lesion/parenchyma contrast for daily setup. Methods: An in-house tool was developed to generate DTS images using a point-by-point filtered back-projection method from on-board CBCT projection data. DTS image planes are generated in a user defined orientation to visualize the anatomy at various depths. Reference DTS images are obtained from forward projection of the planning CT dataset at each projection angle. The CBCT DTS image set can then be registered to the reference DTS image set as a means for localization. Contour data from the planning CT's associate RT Structure file and forward projected similarly to the planning CT data. DTS images are created for each contoured structure, which can then be overlaid onto the DTS images for organ volume visualization. Results: High resolution DTS images generated from CBCT projections show fine anatomical detail, including small blood vessels, within the patient. However, the reference DTS images generated from forward projection of the planning CT lacks this level of detail due to the low resolution of the CT voxels as compared to the pixel size in the projection images; typically 1mm-by-1mm-by-3mm (lat, vrt, lng) for the planning CT vs. 0.4mm-by-0.4mm for CBCT projections. Overlaying of the contours onto the DTS image allows for visualization of structures of interest. Conclusion: The ability to generate DTS images over a limited range of projection angles allows for reduction in the amount of respiratory motion within each acquisition. DTS may provide improved visualization of structures and lesions as compared to CBCT for highly mobile tumors.

  14. Assessing Energy Impact of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Significance of Daily Distance Variation over Time and Among Drivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, Zhenhong [ORNL; Greene, David L [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    Accurate assessment of the impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) on petroleum and electricity consumption is a necessary step toward effective policies. Variations in daily vehicle miles traveled (VMT) over time and among drivers affect PHEV energy impact, but the significance is not well understood. This paper uses a graphical illustration, a mathematical derivation, and an empirical study to examine the cause and significance of such an effect. The first two methods reveal that ignoring daily variation in VMT always causes underestimation of petroleum consumption and overestimation of electricity consumption by PHEVs; both biases increase as the assumed PHEV charge-depleting (CD) range moves closer to the average daily VMT. The empirical analysis based on national travel survey data shows that the assumption of uniform daily VMT over time and among drivers causes nearly 68% underestimation of expected petroleum use and nearly 48% overestimation of expected electricity use by PHEVs with a 40-mi CD range (PHEV40s). Also for PHEV40s, consideration of daily variation in VMT over time but not among drivers similar to the way the utility factor curve is derived in SAE Standard SAE J2841 causes underestimation of expected petroleum use by more than 24% and overestimation of expected electricity use by about 17%. Underestimation of petroleum use and overestimation of electricity use increase with larger-battery PHEVs.

  15. Experimental analysis of thermal performance of flat plate and evacuated tube solar collectors in stationary standard and daily conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zambolin, E.; Del Col, D.

    2010-08-15

    New comparative tests on two different types of solar collectors are presented in this paper. A standard glazed flat plate collector and an evacuated tube collector are installed in parallel and tested at the same working conditions; the evacuated collector is a direct flow through type with external compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) reflectors. Efficiency in steady-state and quasi-dynamic conditions is measured following the standard and it is compared with the input/output curves measured for the whole day. The first purpose of the present work is the comparison of results in steady-state and quasi-dynamic test methods both for flat plate and evacuated tube collectors. Besides this, the objective is to characterize and to compare the daily energy performance of these two types of collectors. An effective mean for describing and analyzing the daily performance is the so called input/output diagram, in which the collected solar energy is plotted against the daily incident solar radiation. Test runs have been performed in several conditions to reproduce different conventional uses (hot water, space heating, solar cooling). Results are also presented in terms of daily efficiency versus daily average reduced temperature difference: this allows to represent the comparative characteristics of the two collectors when operating under variable conditions, especially with wide range of incidence angles. (author)

  16. Reducing Open Cell Landfill Methane Emissions with a Bioactive Alternative Daily

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Helene Hilger; James Oliver; Jean Bogner; David Jones

    2009-03-31

    Methane and carbon dioxide are formed in landfills as wastes degrade. Molecule-for-molecule, methane is about 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide at trapping heat in the earth's atmosphere, and thus, it is the methane emissions from landfills that are scrutinized. For example, if emissions composed of 60% methane and 40% carbon dioxide were changed to a mix that was 40% methane and 60% carbon dioxide, a 30% reduction in the landfill's global warming potential would result. A 10% methane, 90% carbon dioxide ratio will result in a 75% reduction in global warming potential compared to the baseline. Gas collection from a closed landfill can reduce emissions, and it is sometimes combined with a biocover, an engineered system where methane oxidizing bacteria living in a medium such as compost, convert landfill methane to carbon dioxide and water. Although methane oxidizing bacteria merely convert one greenhouse gas (methane) to another (carbon dioxide), this conversion can offer significant reductions in the overall greenhouse gas contribution, or global warming potential, associated with the landfill. What has not been addressed to date is the fact that methane can also escape from a landfill when the active cell is being filled with waste. Federal regulations require that newly deposited solid waste to be covered daily with a 6 in layer of soil or an alternative daily cover (ADC), such as a canvas tarp. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of immobilizing methane oxidizing bacteria into a tarp-like matrix that could be used for alternative daily cover at open landfill cells to prevent methane emissions. A unique method of isolating methanotrophs from landfill cover soil was used to create a liquid culture of mixed methanotrophs. A variety of prospective immobilization techniques were used to affix the bacteria in a tarp-like matrix. Both gel encapsulation of methanotrophs and gels with liquid cores containing methanotrophs were readily made but prone to rapid desiccation. Bacterial adsorption onto foam padding, natural sponge, and geotextile was successful. The most important factor for success appeared to be water holding capacity. Prototype biotarps made with geotextiles plus adsorbed methane oxidizing bacteria were tested for their responses to temperature, intermittent starvation, and washing (to simulate rainfall). The prototypes were mesophilic, and methane oxidation activity remained strong after one cycle of starvation but then declined with repeated cycles. Many of the cells detached with vigorous washing, but at least 30% appeared resistant to sloughing. While laboratory landfill simulations showed that four-layer composite biotarps made with two different types of geotextile could remove up to 50% of influent methane introduced at a flux rate of 22 g m{sup -2} d{sup -1}, field experiments did not yield high activity levels. Tests revealed that there were high hour-to-hour flux variations in the field, which, together with frequent rainfall events, confounded the field testing. Overall, the findings suggest that a methanotroph embedded biotarp appears to be a feasible strategy to mitigate methane emission from landfill cells, although the performance of field-tested biotarps was not robust here. Tarps will likely be best suited for spring and summer use, although the methane oxidizer population may be able to shift and adapt to lower temperatures. The starvation cycling of the tarp may require the capacity for intermittent reinoculation of the cells, although it is also possible that a subpopulation will adapt to the cycling and become dominant. Rainfall is not expected to be a major factor, because a baseline biofilm will be present to repopulate the tarp. If strong performance can be achieved and documented, the biotarp concept could be extended to include interception of other compounds beyond methane, such as volatile aromatic hydrocarbons and chlorinated solvents.

  17. Eugene, Or. 1998 Daily Global Irradiance 1 31 61 91 121 151 181 211 241 271 301 331 361

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    Eugene, Or. 1998 Daily Global Irradiance 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 1 31 61 91 121 151 181 211 241 271 301 331 361 Year Day GlobalIrradianceWhr/m2 perDay Eugene, Or. 1998 Daily Beam Irradiance 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 1 31 61 91 121 151 181 211 241 271 301 331 361 Year

  18. Dream controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cheng, George Shu-Xing; Mulkey, Steven L; Wang, Qiang; Chow, Andrew J

    2013-11-26

    A method and apparatus for intelligently controlling continuous process variables. A Dream Controller comprises an Intelligent Engine mechanism and a number of Model-Free Adaptive (MFA) controllers, each of which is suitable to control a process with specific behaviors. The Intelligent Engine can automatically select the appropriate MFA controller and its parameters so that the Dream Controller can be easily used by people with limited control experience and those who do not have the time to commission, tune, and maintain automatic controllers.

  19. Sub-daily Statistical Downscaling of Meteorological Variables Using Neural Networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Jitendra [ORNL] [ORNL; Brooks, Bjørn-Gustaf J. [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign] [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL] [ORNL; Dietze, Michael [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign] [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

    2012-01-01

    A new open source neural network temporal downscaling model is described and tested using CRU-NCEP reanal ysis and CCSM3 climate model output. We downscaled multiple meteorological variables in tandem from monthly to sub-daily time steps while also retaining consistent correlations between variables. We found that our feed forward, error backpropagation approach produced synthetic 6 hourly meteorology with biases no greater than 0.6% across all variables and variance that was accurate within 1% for all variables except atmospheric pressure, wind speed, and precipitation. Correlations between downscaled output and the expected (original) monthly means exceeded 0.99 for all variables, which indicates that this approach would work well for generating atmospheric forcing data consistent with mass and energy conserved GCM output. Our neural network approach performed well for variables that had correlations to other variables of about 0.3 and better and its skill was increased by downscaling multiple correlated variables together. Poor replication of precipitation intensity however required further post-processing in order to obtain the expected probability distribution. The concurrence of precipitation events with expected changes in sub ordinate variables (e.g., less incident shortwave radiation during precipitation events) were nearly as consistent in the downscaled data as in the training data with probabilities that differed by no more than 6%. Our downscaling approach requires training data at the target time step and relies on a weak assumption that climate variability in the extrapolated data is similar to variability in the training data.

  20. Comparison of the prediction accuracy of daily and monthly regression models for energy consumption in commercial buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jinrong

    1996-01-01

    -retrofit weather is generally different from the weather used for model development, the prediction error of the baseline model may be different from the fitting error. Daily and monthly baseline models were developed for a midsize commercial building with (i) dual...

  1. ITALY DAILY, WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 2001 PAGE 3 temp min c/f max c/f

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frischer, Bernard

    Hunting for Horace's Humble Home Did the Poet Live as Modestly as He Said He Did? An Archaeological TeamDISCOVER ITALY DAILY, WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 2001 PAGE 3 Weather temp min c/f max c/f SUNNY PARTLY in his writing than many of his contemporaries, he left clues as to where he made his home. He wrote

  2. Assessing the Degree of Spot Market Integration For U.S. Natural Gas: Evidence from Daily Price Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assessing the Degree of Spot Market Integration For U.S. Natural Gas: Evidence from Daily Price Economics Abstract: This paper assesses the degree of market integration in the U.S. natural gas market: Zhongmin.wang@BusEco.monash.edu.au #12;Assessing the Degree of Spot Market Integration For U.S. Natural Gas

  3. Listen-to-Nose: A low-cost system to record nasal symp-toms in daily life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Hao-hua

    Listen-to-Nose: A low-cost system to record nasal symp- toms in daily life Nan-Chen Chen National, such as sneezing and runny nose, occur in everyday settings. It is hoped that this system can be used to collect the function of other systems by absorbing oxygen and emitting carbon dioxide. In the process of exchanging air

  4. PRECIPITATION The images above use daily precipitation statistics from NWS COOP, CoCoRaHS, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    PRECIPITATION The images above use daily precipitation statistics from NWS COOP, CoCoRaHS, and CoAgMet stations. From top to bottom, and left to right: most recent 7-days of accumulated precipitation in inches; current month-to-date accumulated precipitation in inches; last month's precipitation as a percent

  5. The maneuvering area of VVER-1000 during the daily load-cycling operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dubov, A. A., E-mail: dubov@vver.kiae.ru [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

    2014-12-15

    The possibility of the VVER-1000 reactor operation in the mode of power maneuvering is analyzed with the most conservative approximations in view of control of the in-core power distribution.

  6. Evaluation of the Planning Target Volume in the Treatment of Head and Neck Cancer With Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy: What Is the Appropriate Expansion Margin in the Setting of Daily Image Guidance?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Allen M.; Farwell, D. Gregory; Luu, Quang; Donald, Paul J.; Perks, Julian; Purdy, James A.

    2011-11-15

    Purpose: To compare patterns of disease failure among patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in conjunction with daily image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) for head and neck cancer, according to the margins used to expand the clinical target volume (CTV) to create a planning target volume (PTV). Methods and Materials: Two-hundred and twenty-five patients were treated with IMRT for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Daily IGRT scans were acquired using either kilovoltage or megavoltage volumetric imaging prior to each delivered fraction. The first 95 patients were treated with IMRT with 5-mm CTV-to-PTV margins. The subsequent 130 patients were treated using 3-mm PTV expansion margins. Results: Two-year estimates of overall survival, local-regional control, and distant metastasis-free survival were 76%, 78%, and 81%, respectively. There were no differences with respect to any of these endpoints among patients treated with 5-mm and 3-mm PTV expansion margins (p > 0.05, all). The 2-year local-regional control rate for patients treated with IMRT with 5-mm and 3-mm PTV margins was 78% and 78%, respectively (p = 0.96). Spatial evaluation revealed no differences in the incidences of marginal failures among those treated with 5-mm and 3-mm PTV margins. Conclusions: The use of 3-mm PTV expansion margins appears adequate and did not increase local-regional failures among patients treated with IMRT for head and neck cancer. These data demonstrate the safety of PTV reduction of less than 5 mm and support current protocols recommending this approach in the setting of daily IGRT.

  7. A Bivariate Mixed Distribution with a Heavy-tailed Component and its Application to Single-site Daily Rainfall Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Chao .; Singh, Vijay P.; Mishra, Ashok K.

    2013-02-06

    This paper presents an improved brivariate mixed distribution, which is capable of modeling the dependence of daily rainfall from two distinct sources (e.g., rainfall from two stations, two consecutive days, or two instruments such as satellite and rain gauge). The distribution couples an existing framework for building a bivariate mixed distribution, the theory of copulae and a hybrid marginal distribution. Contributions of the improved distribution are twofold. One is the appropriate selection of the bivariate dependence structure from a wider admissible choice (10 candidate copula families). The other is the introduction of a marginal distribution capable of better representing low to moderate values as well as extremes of daily rainfall. Among several applications of the improved distribution, particularly presented here is its utility for single-site daily rainfall simulation. Rather than simulating rainfall occurrences and amounts separately, the developed generator unifies the two processes by generalizing daily rainfall as a Markov process with autocorrelation described by the improved bivariate mixed distribution. The generator is first tested on a sample station in Texas. Results reveal that the simulated and observed sequences are in good agreement with respect to essential characteristics. Then, extensive simulation experiments are carried out to compare the developed generator with three other alternative models: the conventional two-state Markov chain generator, the transition probability matrix model and the semi-parametric Markov chain model with kernel density estimation for rainfall amounts. Analyses establish that overall the developed generator is capable of reproducing characteristics of historical extreme rainfall events and is apt at extrapolating rare values beyond the upper range of available observed data. Moreover, it automatically captures the persistence of rainfall amounts on consecutive wet days in a relatively natural and easy way. Another interesting observation is that the recognized ‘overdispersion’ problem in daily rainfall simulation ascribes more to the loss of rainfall extremes than the under-representation of first-order persistence. The developed generator appears to be a sound option for daily rainfall simulation, especially in particular hydrologic planning situations when rare rainfall events are of great importance.

  8. Alignment Focus of Daily Image Guidance for Concurrent Treatment of Prostate and Pelvic Lymph Nodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferjani, Samah; Huang, Guangshun; Shang, Qingyang; Stephans, Kevin L.; Zhong, Yahua; Qi, Peng; Tendulkar, Rahul D.; Xia, Ping, E-mail: xiap@ccf.org

    2013-10-01

    Purpose: To determine the dosimetric impact of daily imaging alignment focus on the prostate soft tissue versus the pelvic bones for the concurrent treatment of the prostate and pelvic lymph nodes (PLN) and to assess whether multileaf collimator (MLC) tracking or adaptive planning (ART) is necessary with the current clinical planning margins of 8 mm/6 mm posterior to the prostate and 5 mm to the PLN. Methods and Materials: A total of 124 kilovoltage cone-beam computed tomography (kV-CBCT) images from 6 patients were studied. For each KV-CBCT, 4 plans were retrospectively created using an isocenter shifting method with 2 different alignment focuses (prostate, PLN), an MLC shifting method, and the ART method. The selected dosimetric endpoints were compared among these plans. Results: For the isoshift contour, isoshift bone, MLC shift, and ART plans, D99 of the prostate was ?97% of the prescription dose in 97.6%, 73.4%, 98.4%, and 96.8% of 124 fractions, respectively. Accordingly, D99 of the PLN was ?97% of the prescription dose in 98.4%, 98.4%, 98.4%, and 100% of 124 fractions, respectively. For the rectum, D5 exceeded 105% of the planned D5 (and D5 of ART plans) in 11% (4%), 10% (2%), and 13% (5%) of 124 fractions, respectively. For the bladder, D5 exceeded 105% of the planned D5 (and D5 of ART) plans in 0% (2%), 0% (2%), and 0% (1%) of 124 fractions, respectively. Conclusion: For concurrent treatment of the prostate and PLN, with a planning margin to the prostate of 8 mm/6 mm posterior and a planning margin of 5 mm to the PLN, aligning to the prostate soft tissue can achieve adequate dose coverage to the both target volumes; aligning to the pelvic bone would result in underdosing to the prostate in one-third of fractions. With these planning margins, MLC tracking and ART methods have no dosimetric advantages.

  9. Original article Effect of temporary once-daily milking in early

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    in early lactation than control cows, and their energy balance was less negative or more positive (the difference was significant for the M6 group). The blood pro- file (glucose, non-esterified fatty acids, beta-hydroxybutyrate contents in plasma) attested for a bet- ter energy balance in cows milked once a day in early lactation

  10. Enhancing Independence for People With Low Vision to Use Daily Panel-Interface Machines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gnawali, Omprakash

    ) on the panel for people with low vision to recognize. However, many of them have been designed without, which mainly affects driving and reading ability, and about one million meet the legal criteria. They are found in fac- tories to monitor and control machines or production lines, and in places such as nuclear

  11. Manure Harvesting Frequency: The Key to Feedyard Dust Control in a Summer Drought 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auvermann, Brent W.; Parker, David B.; Sweeten, John M.

    2000-11-27

    Summer drought can make dust control in feedyards more challenging than usual. Supplemental water may not keep pace with daily evaporation. The key to dust control is managing the depth of dry manure in the pens by harvesting manure more frequently...

  12. F-1 1999 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT APPENDIX F: QUALITY CONTROL TABLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F-1 1999 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT APPENDIX F: QUALITY CONTROL TABLES APPENDIX F: Quality Control summarize the results of daily QC checks performed by BNL's Analytical Services Labora- tory (ASL) in 1999 laboratories (H2M, GEL, and STL) that participated in national and/or state PE testing programs during 1999

  13. Recommendations for Improving Fecal Coliform Pollution Control in Gwinnett County, Georgia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radcliffe, David

    Recommendations for Improving Fecal Coliform Pollution Control in Gwinnett County, Georgia Upper for Improving Fecal Coliform Pollution Control 2 1.0 BACKGROUND and INTRODUCTION The 1972 Amendments to the Federal Clean Water Act require the creation of a Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) for a body of water

  14. Aalborg Universitet Optimal Scheduling and Control of a Multi-Pump Boosting System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zhenyu

    . INTRODUCTION Pumps have been widely used in our daily life and work, such as for irrigation, water supply, airAalborg Universitet Optimal Scheduling and Control of a Multi-Pump Boosting System Yang, Zhenyu version (APA): Yang, Z., & Børsting, H. (2010). Optimal Scheduling and Control of a Multi-Pump Boosting

  15. 10/11/2014 -: DailyTechInfo -, . http://www.dailytechinfo.org/nanotech/5542-mashiny-monstry-samyy-malenkiy-v-mire-vetryanoy-generator.html 1/5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    10/11/2014 -: » DailyTechInfo - , . http://www.dailytechinfo.org/nanotech/5542-mashiny-monstry-samyy-malenkiy-v-mire-vetryanoy-generator.html-mashiny-monstry-samyy-malenkiy-v-mire-vetryanoy-generator.html 2;10/11/2014 -: » DailyTechInfo - , . http://www.dailytechinfo.org/nanotech/5542-mashiny-monstry-samyy-malenkiy-v-mire-vetryanoy-generator.html

  16. Automated Demand Response Strategies and Commissioning Commercial Building Controls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila; Linkugel, Eric

    2006-01-01

    efficiency, daily peak load management and demand response.Loads Efficiency, Daily Load Management and Demand ResponseOperations Peak Load Management (Daily) - TOU Savings - Peak

  17. Daily Fill Factor Variation as a Diagnostic Probe of Multijunction Concentrator Systems During Outdoor Operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMahon, W. E.; Emery, K. E.; Friedman, D. J.; Ottoson, L.; Young, M. S.; Ward, J. S.; Kramer, C. M.; Duda, A.; Kurtz, S.

    2007-01-01

    The work presented here is for GaInP2/GaAs tandem cells, but the conclusions are equally valid for GaInP2/GaAs/Ge triple-junction cells. Optimizing a concentrator system which uses multijunction solar cells is challenging because: (a) the conditions are variable, so the solar cells rarely operate under optimal conditions and (b) the conditions are not controlled, so any design problems are difficult to characterize. Any change in the spectral content of direct-beam sunlight as it passes through the concentrator optics is of particular interest, as it can reduce the performance of multijunction cells and is difficult to characterize.

  18. Project Controls

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-03-28

    Project controls are systems used to plan, schedule, budget, and measure the performance of a project/program. The cost estimation package is one of the documents that is used to establish the baseline for project controls. This chapter gives a brief description of project controls and the role the cost estimation package plays.

  19. Inclusion of Building Envelope Thermal Lag Effects in Linear Regression Models of Daily Basis Building Energy Use Data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H.; Claridge, D. E.

    2012-01-01

    Inclusion?of?Building?Envelope?Thermal?Lag? Effects?in?Linear?Regression?Models?of?Daily? Basis?Building?Energy?Use?Data The?12th International?Conference?for?Enhanced?Building?Operations October?22nd?26th,?2012 Manchester,?UK Hiroko...?enhanced?building?operations. October?18?20,?2011,? Brooklyn,?NY. Rabl,?A.?and?Rialhe,?A.?(1992).?Energy?Signature?Models?for?Commercial?Buildings:?Test?with?Measured?Data?and?Interpretation. Energy?and?Buildings,?19,?143?154. Shao,?X.?and?Claridge,?D.E.?(2006).?Use?of?first?law?energy?balance?as?a?screening?tool?for?building?energy...

  20. Tougher than Kevlar: Researchers create new high-performance fiber Posted In: Editors Picks | R&D Daily | Carbon Nanotubes & Graphene | Materials Science |

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    Tougher than Kevlar: Researchers create new high-performance fiber Posted In: Editors Picks | R&D Daily | Carbon Nanotubes & Graphene | Materials Science | Nanotechnology | Engineering | Material Science | Nanotechnology | Northwestern University | Materials | University Monday, December 6, 2010

  1. 1 Be merciful unto me O God for man goeth a | bout to de | vour me : he is | daily | fighting and | troubling me.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, E. Victor

    | fighting · and | troubling me. 2 Mine enemies are daily in hand to | swallow · me | up : for they be many that | fight against · me | O thou · most | Highest. 3 Nevertheless though I am | sometime · a | fraid : yet

  2. Flea Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merchant, Michael E.

    2002-08-23

    This publication will help you identify fleas and learn their behaviors and potential dangers to pets and humans. Included are methods for controlling fleas indoors and out....

  3. Tick Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merchant, Michael E.

    2002-08-23

    This publication will help you identify ticks and learn their behaviors and potential dangers. Included are methods for avoiding, controlling and removing ticks....

  4. SU-E-T-86: Comparison of Two Commercially Available Programs for the Evaluation of Delivered Daily Dose Using Cone Beam CT (CBCT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tuohy, R; Bosse, C; Mavroidis, P; Shi, Z; Crownover, R; Papanikolaou, N; Stathakis, S

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: In this study, two commercially available programs were compared for the evaluation of delivered daily dose using cone beam CT (CBCT). Methods: Thirty (n=30) patients previously treated in our clinic (10 prostate, 10 SBRT lung and 10 abdomen) were used in this study. The patients' plans were optimized and calculated using the Pinnacle treatment planning system. The daily CBCT scans were imported into Velocity and RayStation along with the corresponding planning CTs, structure sets and 3D dose distributions for each patient. The organs at risk (OAR) were contoured on each CBCT by the prescribing physician and were included in the evaluation of the daily delivered dose. Each CBCT was registered to the planning CT, once with rigid registration and then again, separately, with deformable registration. After registering each CBCT, the dose distribution from the planning CT was overlaid and the dose volume histograms (DVH) for the OAR and the planning target volumes (PTV) were calculated. Results: For prostate patients, we observed daily volume changes for the OARs. The DVH analysis for those patients showed variation in the sparing of the OARs while PTV coverage remained virtually unchanged using both Velocity and RayStation systems. Similar results were observed for abdominal patients. In contrast, for SBRT lung patients, the DVH for the OARs and target were comparable to those from the initial treatment plan. Differences in organ volume and organ doses were also observed when comparing the daily fractions using deformable and rigid registrations. Conclusion: By using daily CBCT dose reconstruction, we proved PTV coverage for prostate and abdominal targets is adequate. However, there is significant dosimetric change for the OARs. For lung SBRT patients, the delivered daily dose for both PTV and OAR is comparable to the planned dose with no significant differences.

  5. Combined Daily Monitoring of Aerosol Optical Depths and Water Vapour Column Content during LACE 98 and LITFASS 98 Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novikov, V V; Alekseeva, G A; Galkin, V D; Güldner, J; Naebert, T; Service, German Weather; Observatory, Meteorological; Lindenberg,; Germany,; Sciences, Russian Academy of; Observatory, Pulkovo; Petersburg, St; Russia,

    2010-01-01

    During summer of 1998 two large-scale complex campaigns, LITFASS98 (May 25th to June 22nd) and LACE98 (July 13th to August 14th), took place at the Meteorological Observatory Lindenberg (MOL). The aim of both experiments focus on the intensive daily observations of atmospheric conditions and the determination of their fundamental meteorological parameters in the vertical column over Lindenberg (Lindenberg's Column). About 20 German research institutions and addition one from the Netherlands, Austria and Russia participated at the experiments. A wide variety of ground-based instruments was operated in Lindenberg and Falkenberg, including LIDARs, microwave radiometer and radiosondes complemented by tethered balloons and aircraft measurements. For the first time the star- and sunphotometer of MOL were used together with other geophysical tools. The observations with both photometers were carried out practically every day and night except during absolutely overcast conditions. The observed data were processed imm...

  6. Controlling Fleas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merchant, Michael E.; Robinson, James V.

    2006-12-18

    . For this reason, avoid close contact with wild rodents such as squirrels, rats and prairie dogs. Their fleas can bite you and may transmit disease. Cat fleas, however, do not carry plague. Control An integrated flea control program includes good sanitation... and treatment of the pet and environment. You can eliminate fleas from your home with proper treatment, but it may take time, especially if the infes- tation is heavy. Sanitation. Change pet bedding regularly and vacuum thoroughly. Vacuuming removes up to 30...

  7. Deserts are water-controlled ecosystems characterized by high ambient temperature (Ta), intense solar radiation,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Jos. B.

    , it can be argued that rates of energy flow through desert ecosystems are controlled by available water dominated by, the availability of water in desert ecosystems. Animals that occupy arid climes face the challenge of meeting their daily energy and water requirements in an environment that, on average, provides

  8. HYDROPOWER RESERVOIR FOR FLOOD CONTROL: A CASE STUDY ON RINGLET RESERVOIR, CAMERON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    HYDROPOWER RESERVOIR FOR FLOOD CONTROL: A CASE STUDY ON RINGLET RESERVOIR, CAMERON HIGHLANDS, Malaysia 4 Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Colorado State University, USA ABSTRACT: Hydropower as possible for daily hydropower generation as well as to prevent any spillage at dam. However

  9. SELF-APPLICATION DEVICES FOR CATTLE INSECT CONTROL Ralph E. Williams, Extension Entomologist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    SELF-APPLICATION DEVICES FOR CATTLE INSECT CONTROL Ralph E. Williams, Extension Entomologist flies, face flies and lice are major pests of cattle in Indiana. These insects not only annoy cattle-application devices be situated so that cattle will use them daily. They should be placed in such locations as gaps

  10. DAILY WEEKLY email address

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocker, Thomas

    skeptics and the IPCC: "Well, it's in the nature of truth that sometimes you hate it." Scientists speaking) Energy policy (564) The what, when and where of global greenhouse gas emissions: A visual summary of the IPCC's climate mitigation report This week's top six rebuttals to David Rose's "warming has stopped

  11. Ichetucknee Daily Activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    . Tuesday 6:30pm Soccer& Frisbee (Ross) Flavet Field Free Wednesday 6:00pm CoffeeTalk (Clark) Starbucks

  12. Daily Temperatures - August 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    110 115 120 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Degrees F Day of the Month Hanford Meteorological Station Record Max Record Min...

  13. NIAMEY DAILY RAINFALL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on771/6/14 Contact: Janet Lambert4

  14. ARM - Daily Report Archive

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us agovInstrumentswrf-chemMeetingsCover

  15. Relative Accuracy of 1-Minute and Daily Total Solar Radiation Data for 12 Global and 4 Direct Beam Solar Radiometers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myers, D.; Wilcox, S. M.

    2009-01-01

    We evaluated the relative performance of 12 global and four direct beam solar radiometers deployed at a single site over a 12-month period. Test radiometer irradiances were compared with a reference irradiance consisting of either an absolute cavity radiometer (during calibrations) or a low uncertainty thermopile pyrheliometer (during the evaluation period) for pyrheliometers; and for pyranometers a reference global irradiance computed from the reference pyrheliometer and diffuse irradiance from a shaded pyranometer. One minute averages of 3-second data for 12 months from the test instrument measurements were compared with the computed reference data set. Combined uncertainty in the computed reference irradiance is 1.8% {+-} 0.5%. Total uncertainty in the pyranometer comparisons is {+-}2.5%. We show mean percent difference between reference global irradiance and test pyranometer 1 minute data as a function of zenith angle, and percent differences between daily totals for the reference and test irradiances as a function of day number. We offer no explicit conclusion about the performance of instrument models, as a general array of applications with a wide range of instrumentation and accuracy requirements could be addressed with any of the radiometers.

  16. Stormwater Control Structures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Stormwater Control Structures Stormwater Control Structures Stormwater control structures are engineered to control run-on and runoff water from suspected contaminated sites....

  17. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SPEECH AND AUDIO PROCESSING, SPECIAL ISSUE ON DATA MINING OF SPEECH, AUDIO AND DIALOG 1 Mining Customer Care Dialogs for ``Daily News''

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volinsky, Chris

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SPEECH AND AUDIO PROCESSING, SPECIAL ISSUE ON DATA MINING OF SPEECH, AUDIO describes the ``VoiceTone Daily News'' data mining tool for analyzing this information and presenting turns. Index Terms--- speech mining, data mining, spoken dialog systems, dialog success, business

  18. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SPEECH AND AUDIO PROCESSING, SPECIAL ISSUE ON DATA MINING OF SPEECH, AUDIO AND DIALOG 1 Mining Customer Care Dialogs for "Daily News"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volinsky, Chris

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SPEECH AND AUDIO PROCESSING, SPECIAL ISSUE ON DATA MINING OF SPEECH, AUDIO describes the "VoiceTone Daily News" data mining tool for analyzing this information and presenting turns. Index Terms-- speech mining, data mining, spoken dialog systems, dialog success, business

  19. Ecosystem Services in Decision Making: Time to Deliver Author(s): Gretchen C. Daily, Stephen Polasky, Joshua Goldstein, Peter M. Kareiva, Harold A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Ecosystem Services in Decision Making: Time to Deliver Author(s): Gretchen C. Daily, Stephen. 7, No. 1, The Role of Ecosystem Services in Conservation and Resource Management (Feb., 2009), pp of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity

  20. Development and analysis of a 12-year daily 1-km forest fire dataset across North America from NOAA/AVHRR data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zhanqing

    Development and analysis of a 12-year daily 1-km forest fire dataset across North America from NOAA Forest Service, Fire Sciences Laboratory, P.O. Box 8089, Missoula, MT 59807, United States g NOAA forests play a significant role in the global carbon cycle. While forest fires in North America (NA) have

  1. Professors using blogs, podcasts as teaching to... http://www.tucsoncitizen.com/daily/local/41737.php 1 of 3 2/13/2007 9:26 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    the technology had to overcome reservations. Some worried that they lacked the time to devote to a blogProfessors using blogs, podcasts as teaching to... http://www.tucsoncitizen.com/daily/local/41737.php 1 of 3 2/13/2007 9:26 AM Published: 02.13.2007 Professors using blogs, podcasts as teaching tools

  2. PRECIPITATION The images above use daily precipitation statistics fromNWS COOP, CoCoRaHS, and CoAgMet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    PRECIPITATION The images above use daily precipitation statistics fromNWS COOP, CoCoRaHS, and CoAgMet stations. Fromtop to bottom, and left to right: most recent 7-days of accumulated precipitation in inches; current month-to-date accumulated precipitation in inches; last month's precipitation as a percent

  3. The Business Logic of Sustainability: Merging Economic Growth with Social Responsibility--The explosion of organic and eco-friendly products on retail store shelves and in our daily lives is more

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullrich, Paul

    -- The explosion of organic and eco-friendly products on retail store shelves and in our daily lives is more than

  4. Spatial and Quantitative Approach to Incorporating Stakeholder Values into Total Maximum Daily Loads: Dominguez Channel Case Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stewart, J S; Baginski, T A; Greene, K G; Smith, A; Sicherman, A

    2006-06-23

    The Federal Clean Water Act (CWA) Section 303(d)(1)(A) requires each state to identify those waters that are not achieving water quality standards. The result of this assessment is called the 303(d) list. The CWA also requires states to develop and implement Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) for these waters on the 303(d) list. A TMDL specifies the maximum amount of a pollutant that a water body can receive and still meet water quality standards, and allocates the pollutant loadings to point and non-point sources. Nationwide, over 34,900 segments of waterways have been listed as impaired by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA 2006). The EPA enlists state agencies and local communities to submit TMDL plans to reduce discharges by specified dates or have them developed by the EPA. The Department of Energy requested Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to develop appropriate tools to assist in improving the TMDL process. An investigation of this process by LLNL found that plans to reduce discharges were being developed based on a wide range of site investigation methods. Our investigation found that given the resources available to the interested and responsible parties, developing a quantitative stakeholder input process and using visualization tools to display quantitative information could improve the acceptability of TMDL plans. We developed a stakeholder allocation model (SAM) which uses multi-attribute utility theory to quantitatively structure the preferences of the major stakeholder groups. We then applied GIS to display allocation options in maps representing economic activity, community groups, and city agencies. This allows allocation options and stakeholder concerns to be represented in both space and time. The primary goal of this tool is to provide a quantitative and visual display of stakeholder concerns over possible TMDL options.

  5. Finance & Administration Controller's Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    Finance & Administration Controller's Office April 2014 Michael Williams Controller Controller ICOFA 61318 Revised: 4/4/2014 #12;Finance & Administration Controller's Office Accounting & Asset Coordinator Property Surplus Sales 81269 Revised: 4/4/2014 #12;Finance & Administration Controller's Office

  6. control and Dynamic Systems Decentralized Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John Barratt

    control and Dynamic Systems BR Departn Decentralized Control Using Time-Varying Feedback AN D. O controller one connects to the system, so long as the controller has available to it the system inputs of the closed-loop system. If the controller CopyrightO 1985 by Academic Pres, inc. 85 Allrightsofreproductjon

  7. FORUM New Phytol. (2000), 147, 236239 A new dawn the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Lee

    2000-01-01

    Many human activities, such as ore mining and smeltering, sewage sludge treatment and fossil fuel and to provide plants with improved micronutrient and water acquisition, pathogen resistance, and a variety that inhibit or preclude the growth of many plants and soil micro- organisms. However, certain plants

  8. Breakthrough: RHIC Explores Matter at the Dawn of Time

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Paul Sorensen

    2013-07-19

    Physicist Paul Sorensen describes discoveries made at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), a particle accelerator at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory. At RHIC, scientists from around the world study what the universe may have looked like in the first microseconds after its birth, helping us to understand more about why the physical world works the way it does -- from the smallest particles to the largest stars.

  9. Neutrinos from Hell: the Dawn of Neutrino Geophysics

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    Seismic waves have been for long time the only messenger reporting on the conditions deep inside the Earth. While global seismology provides amazing details about the structure of our planet, it is only sensitive to the mechanical properties of rocks and not to their chemical composition. In the last 5 years KamLAND and Borexino have started measuring anti-neutrinos produced by Uranium and Thorium inside the Earth. Such "Geoneutrinos" double the number of tools available to study the Earth's interior, enabling a sort of global chemical analysis of the planet, albeit for two elements only.I will discuss the results of these new measurements and put them in the context of the Earth Sciences."

  10. False Dawn? Los Angeles Labor's Recent Growth and Future Prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laslett, JHM

    2011-01-01

    Brown sued several large car wash companies for $6.6 millionbehalf of the Los Angeles Car Wash Campaign – a move which

  11. Supersymmetry at the dawn of the LHC era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Zachary Talbott

    2014-01-01

    In this thesis, I explore various experimental, theoretical, and observational consequences of supersymmetry (SUSY). I show how copious production of Higgs bosons in SUSY events at the LHC can be a striking signal of ...

  12. COLLOQUIUM: David Sarnoff, RCA Laboratories, and the Dawn of the

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &Bradbury ScienceComplexPlasma Physics

  13. Manhattan Project: Dawn of the Atomic Era, 1945

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing(Journalspectroscopy ofArticle)SciTechNorris Bradbury, Robert Oppenheimer,Trinity, July

  14. Lost films chronicle dawn of hydroelectric power in the Northwest

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion to localPartnership will aid

  15. Klein, L.C., Bennett, J.M., Whetzel, C.A., & Ritter, F.E. (2008). Daily caffeine use impacts neuroendocrine and cardiovascular responses to laboratory stress in healthy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritter, Frank

    2008-01-01

    amylase responses to the challenge. Daily caffeine use was verified by salivary caffeine levels (ng-reported daily caffeine use significantly predicted baseline heart rate and salivary alpha amylase, a surrogate.e., cortisol, DHEA-S, alpha amylase) but not cardiovascular (i.e., blood pressure, heart rate) responses

  16. 7/3/13 3:44 PMThe Elusive Protein, Found | The Daily Scan | GenomeWeb Page 1 of 3http://www.genomeweb.com/blog/elusive-protein-found

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kowalczykowski, Stephen C.

    7/3/13 3:44 PMThe Elusive Protein, Found | The Daily Scan | GenomeWeb Page 1 of 3http://www.genomeweb.com/blog | The Daily Scan | GenomeWeb Page 2 of 3http://www.genomeweb.com/blog/elusive-protein-found Genome Technology

  17. IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN APPLIED EARTH OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 7, NO. 5, MAY 2014 1745 The HelioClim-1 Database of Daily Solar Radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , MAY 2014 1745 The HelioClim-1 Database of Daily Solar Radiation at Earth Surface: An Example Abstract--The HelioClim-1 database contains daily values of the solar radiation reaching the ground-CORE) covers Europe, Africa and the Atlantic Ocean, from 1985 to 2005. It is freely accessible at no cost

  18. Thermal Control & System Integration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The thermal control and system integration activity focuses on issues such as the integration of motor and power control technologies and the development of advanced thermal control technologies....

  19. Feeding Activity, Rate of Consumption, Daily Ration and Prey Selection of Major Predators in John Day Reservoir, 1984 : Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, Gerard A.; United States. Bonneville Power Administration; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; National Fishery Research Center (U.S.)

    1986-07-01

    The extent of predation on juvenile salmonids in John Day Reservoir was determined. Salmonids were the single most important food item by weight for northern squawfish (Ptychocheilus oregonensis) in the restricted zones at McNary tailrace and John Day forebay during all sampling periods. Salmonids accounted for 18.1% of the weight in the diet of walleyes (Stizostedion vitreum vitreum) in 1984 which was at least twice that found in previous years. In smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieui) salmonids contributed little to their diet whereas for channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) fish accounted for 64.1% of the weight in their diet with salmonids responsible for approximately half of this weight. An intensive search of the fisheries literature was conducted to review various fish capture and control techniques which might have potential as predation control measures for the major predators of juvenile salmonids in the Columbia River system. Most prey protection measures were judged to have high potential and direct predator control measures were judged to have moderate or low potential.

  20. Finance & Administration Controller's Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    Finance & Administration Controller's Office July 2014 Michael Williams Controller Controller Administrative Services 51111 Catherine Hebert Program Director ICOFA 61318 Revised: 7/28/2014 #12;Finance Surplus Property 81269 Revised: 7/28/2014 #12;Finance & Administration Controller's Office Disbursement

  1. Improving reliability in the SLC (Stanford Linear Collider) control system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heinen, N.; Spencer, N.; Tinsman, J.

    1989-10-01

    During the past year, considerable emphasis has been placed on improving the overall reliability of the SLC control system. The Errorlog Facility has proven a useful tool to diagnose hardware and software problems. By analyzing the various error messages and their correlations, one can usually determine the software component or hardware module causing faults. Daily summaries help to identify problems so that they can be remedied before they become catastrophic; thereby bringing about a considerable increase in performance. We discuss the various tools we use and our operational experience with them. 3 refs., 6 figs.

  2. Incoherent Control of Locally Controllable Quantum Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daoyi Dong; Chenbin Zhang; Herschel Rabitz; Alexander Pechen; Tzyh-Jong Tarn

    2008-10-21

    An incoherent control scheme for state control of locally controllable quantum systems is proposed. This scheme includes three steps: (1) amplitude amplification of the initial state by a suitable unitary transformation, (2) projective measurement on the amplified state, and (3) final optimization by a unitary controlled transformation. The first step increases the amplitudes of some desired eigenstates and the corresponding probability of observing these eigenstates, the second step projects, with high probability, the amplified state into a desired eigenstate, and the last step steers this eigenstate into the target state. Within this scheme, two control algorithms are presented for two classes of quantum systems. As an example, the incoherent control scheme is applied to the control of a hydrogen atom by an external field. The results support the suggestion that projective measurements can serve as an effective control and local controllability information can be used to design control laws for quantum systems. Thus, this scheme establishes a subtle connection between control design and controllability analysis of quantum systems and provides an effective engineering approach for controlling quantum systems with partial controllability information.

  3. Minimal control power of the controlled teleportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabgyun Jeong; Jaewan Kim; Soojoon Lee

    2015-09-17

    We generalize the control power of a perfect controlled teleportation on some entangled three-qubit pure state suggested in [Phy. Rev. A {\\bf 90}, 052305 (2014)] to the control power of a general controlled teleportation on a multi-qubit pure state. In addition, we define the minimal control power, and calculate the values of the minimal control power on a class of general three-qubit GHZ states and the three-qubit W class whose states have zero three-tangles. Moreover, we show that the standard GHZ state and the standard W state have the maximal values of the minimal control power on the two classes, respectively. This means that the minimal control power can be interpreted as not only an operational quantity of a multi-partite quantum communication but also a degree of multi-partite entanglement.

  4. Quantum feedback control and classical control theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew C. Doherty; Salman Habib; Kurt Jacobs; Hideo Mabuchi; Sze M. Tan

    2000-03-09

    We introduce and discuss the problem of quantum feedback control in the context of established formulations of classical control theory, examining conceptual analogies and essential differences. We describe the application of state-observer based control laws, familiar in classical control theory, to quantum systems and apply our methods to the particular case of switching the state of a particle in a double-well potential.

  5. Quantum Control Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthew James

    2014-06-20

    This paper explains some fundamental ideas of {\\em feedback} control of quantum systems through the study of a relatively simple two-level system coupled to optical field channels. The model for this system includes both continuous and impulsive dynamics. Topics covered in this paper include open and closed loop control, impulsive control, optimal control, quantum filtering, quantum feedback networks, and coherent feedback control.

  6. Reliability and Validity of Daily Self-Monitoring by Smartphone Application for Health-Related Quality-of-Life, Antiretroviral Adherence, Substance Use, and Sexual Behaviors Among People Living with HIV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swendeman, D; Swendeman, D; Comulada, WS; Ramanathan, N; Lazar, M; Estrin, D

    2015-01-01

    B, Bowen AM. A daily web diary of the sexual experiences ofcompared to 14-day recall web-surveys repeated over 6 weeksvia 2-week retrospective recall web-surveys. Inter-method

  7. EXPORT CONTROLS PREPARED BY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorin, Eric J.

    EXPORT CONTROLS MANUAL PREPARED BY: Office of General Counsel The California State University SEPTEMBER 2012 #12; Export Controls Manual Table of Contents I. INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................... 1 II. HISTORY OF EXPORT CONTROLS

  8. Finance & Administration Controller's Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finance & Administration Controller's Office July 2015 Michael Williams Assistant VP & Controller Thornton Exec. Support Assistant Administrative Services 57950 Cherrylyn Mills-Brown Office Administrator Administrative Services 51112 Judd Enfinger Associate Controller Accounting Services 60998 Sandra Scanlan

  9. The Effect of Identities and Expectations on Emotions, Behavior, and Cognitive Changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trettevik, Ryan

    2015-01-01

    Dawn T. 2007. "Control Theories in Sociology." Annual ReviewSmith-Lovin. 2006. “Affect Control Theory. ” Pp. 137- 164 inK. Wisecup. 2006. “Affect Control Theory. ” Pp. 179-202 in

  10. Sediment Control: Willows

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sediment Control: Willows Sediment Control: Willows LANL recently planted 10,000 willows and constructed wing ditches to increase sediment retention in Pueblo and Los Alamos...

  11. Superconducting VAR control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boenig, Heinrich J. (Los Alamos, NM); Hassenzahl, William V. (Piedmont, CA)

    1982-01-01

    Static VAR control means employing an asymmetrically controlled Graetz bridge and a superconducting direct current coil having low losses and low cost characteristics.

  12. Retrofit Diesel Emissions Control System Providing 50% NOxControl...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Diesel Emissions Control System Providing 50% NOxControl Retrofit Diesel Emissions Control System Providing 50% NOxControl 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference...

  13. The dosimetric impact of daily setup error on target volumes and surrounding normal tissue in the treatment of prostate cancer with intensity-modulated radiation therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Algan, Ozer, E-mail: oalgan@ouhsc.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Jamgade, Ambarish; Ali, Imad; Christie, Alana; Thompson, J. Spencer; Thompson, David; Ahmad, Salahuddin; Herman, Terence [Department of Radiation Oncology, Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States)

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of daily setup error and interfraction organ motion on the overall dosimetric radiation treatment plans. Twelve patients undergoing definitive intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatments for prostate cancer were evaluated in this institutional review board-approved study. Each patient had fiducial markers placed into the prostate gland before treatment planning computed tomography scan. IMRT plans were generated using the Eclipse treatment planning system. Each patient was treated to a dose of 8100 cGy given in 45 fractions. In this study, we retrospectively created a plan for each treatment day that had a shift available. To calculate the dose, the patient would have received under this plan, we mathematically 'negated' the shift by moving the isocenter in the exact opposite direction of the shift. The individualized daily plans were combined to generate an overall plan sum. The dose distributions from these plans were compared with the treatment plans that were used to treat the patients. Three-hundred ninety daily shifts were negated and their corresponding plans evaluated. The mean isocenter shift based on the location of the fiducial markers was 3.3 {+-} 6.5 mm to the right, 1.6 {+-} 5.1 mm posteriorly, and 1.0 {+-} 5.0 mm along the caudal direction. The mean D95 doses for the prostate gland when setup error was corrected and uncorrected were 8228 and 7844 cGy (p < 0.002), respectively, and for the planning target volume (PTV8100) was 8089 and 7303 cGy (p < 0.001), respectively. The mean V95 values when patient setup was corrected and uncorrected were 99.9% and 87.3%, respectively, for the PTV8100 volume (p < 0.0001). At an individual patient level, the difference in the D95 value for the prostate volume could be >1200 cGy and for the PTV8100 could approach almost 2000 cGy when comparing corrected against uncorrected plans. There was no statistically significant difference in the D35 parameter for the surrounding normal tissue except for the dose received by the penile bulb and the right hip. Our dosimetric evaluation suggests significant underdosing with inaccurate target localization and emphasizes the importance of accurate patient setup and target localization. Further studies are needed to evaluate the impact of intrafraction organ motion, rotation, and deformation on doses delivered to target volumes.

  14. Introduction Optimal Control Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigorieva, Ellina V.

    and Computational Simulations Ellina Grigorieva and Evgenii Khailov Optimal control of a waste water cleaning plant Khailov Optimal control of a waste water cleaning plant #12;Introduction Model Optimal Control Problem applications will be discussed. Ellina Grigorieva and Evgenii Khailov Optimal control of a waste water cleaning

  15. Diesel Emission Control Review

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Reviews regulatory requirements and technology approaches for diesel emission control for heavy and light duty applications

  16. Nuclear reactor control apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sridhar, Bettadapur N. (Cupertino, CA)

    1983-11-01

    Nuclear reactor core safety rod release apparatus comprises a control rod having a detent notch in the form of an annular peripheral recess at its upper end, a control rod support tube for raising and lowering the control rod under normal conditions, latches pivotally mounted on the control support tube with free ends thereof normally disposed in the recess in the control rod, and cam means for pivoting the latches out of the recess in the control rod when a scram condition occurs. One embodiment of the invention comprises an additional magnetically-operated latch for releasing the control rod under two different conditions, one involving seismic shock.

  17. The European tobacco control report 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2007-01-01

    bars and restaurants in Norway. Oslo, National Institute fornational report 2004. Norway Data for 2001 Definition: dailyInterview survey, Statistics Norway, 2001. Data for 2004

  18. Policy on Export Controls Export Control Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sridhar, Srinivas

    Policy on Export Controls 8/5/2014 Export Control Policy I. Purpose and Scope Northeastern, the export of certain goods, information, technology and services is restricted for reasons relating to U.S. national security, economic interests, and foreign policy goals. The export laws and regulations address

  19. Trends in furnace control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, T.J.; Keefe, M.D. (Italimpianti of America, Inc., Coraopolis, PA (United States). Instrumentation and Controls Dept.)

    1993-07-01

    This paper relates Italimpianti's experiences over the past few years in the area of control of reheat furnaces for the steel industry. The focus is on the level 1 area; specifically on the use of PLC-based systems to perform both combustion control and mechanical/hydraulic control. Some topics to be discussed are: overview of reheat furnace control system requirements; PLC only control vs separate PLC and DCS systems; PLC hardware requirements; man machine interface (MMI) requirements; purge, light-on and safety logic; implementation of more sophisticated level 1 control algorithms; furnace temperature optimization: look up tables vs full thermal modeling; and recent trends including integrated PLC/DCS system.

  20. Control system design method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wilson, David G. (Tijeras, NM); Robinett, III, Rush D. (Tijeras, NM)

    2012-02-21

    A control system design method and concomitant control system comprising representing a physical apparatus to be controlled as a Hamiltonian system, determining elements of the Hamiltonian system representation which are power generators, power dissipators, and power storage devices, analyzing stability and performance of the Hamiltonian system based on the results of the determining step and determining necessary and sufficient conditions for stability of the Hamiltonian system, creating a stable control system based on the results of the analyzing step, and employing the resulting control system to control the physical apparatus.

  1. (ArtfixDaily.com) ArtfixDaily ArtWiretm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    at the 1991 Senate confirmation hearings of Clarence Thomas is credited for raising the issue of sexual, including her maternal grandfather, Henry Elliott, were enslaved. Cynthia Reed currently serves on the board

  2. Portable controls experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Richard Winston

    2012-01-01

    Experiments for controls classes like MIT's 2.004 require large lab setups and expensive equipment such as oscilloscopes and function generators. We developed a series of controls experiments based on National Instruments' ...

  3. Knowledge-based control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, John H.

    1992-03-17

    Knowledge-based control is defined here as the management of dynamic systems whose states admit qualitative modeling. Contributions from several disparate disciplines, such as artificial intelligence, the decision sciences, and fuzzy control...

  4. Microcomputers in Process Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vinson, D. R.; Chatterjee, N.

    1986-01-01

    been clearly established that the capability of a computer system using direct digital control (DOC), or a digital control system (DCS) employing correct algorithms, is superior to any analog control system. The DOC systems have functions..., while the computer system is divided into digital/analog conversion gear and the computer system itself. In general, there are four major types of DOC computer compatible baseline control system used today: 1. Pneumatic transmitters, analog...

  5. Fuel control system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Detweiler, C.A.

    1980-12-30

    A fuel control system for a turbocharged engine having fuel delivered to the carburetor under the control of a vacuum operated device which is under the further control of a device sensing pressures upstream and downstream of the turbo charger compressor and delivering a vacuum signal to the fuel control device in proportion to the manifold pressure even though the latter pressure may be a positive pressure.

  6. Control Engineering Practice ] (

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    ; Control structure design; Petroleum industry; Anti slug control; Slug flow; Two-fluid model; Controllability 1. Introduction Stabilization of desired fluid flow regimes in pipelines has the potential the transition from laminar to turbulent flow in single-phase pipelines which is known to occur at a Reynolds

  7. Technology News Daily Similar Entries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arizona, University of

    /Servers Memory Computers/WorkStations Video Cards Power Supplies CPU Syndicate Home Robotic Space Missions astonishing discoveries about our solar system. But some of the most exciting geological and potentially and subsurfaces throughout the solar system. These next-generation robotic missions will simultaneously explore

  8. Subscribe to daily environment news

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    : Strong Quake Strikes Papua New Guinea, No Damage BELGIUM: Airlines, US Cool to EU Emissions Trading

  9. Water heater control module

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hammerstrom, Donald J

    2013-11-26

    An advanced electric water heater control system that interfaces with a high temperature cut-off thermostat and an upper regulating thermostat. The system includes a control module that is electrically connected to the high-temperature cut-off thermostat and the upper regulating thermostat. The control module includes a switch to open or close the high-temperature cut-off thermostat and the upper regulating thermostat. The control module further includes circuitry configured to control said switch in response to a signal selected from the group of an autonomous signal, a communicated signal, and combinations thereof.

  10. Control and optimization system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Xinsheng, Lou

    2013-02-12

    A system for optimizing a power plant includes a chemical loop having an input for receiving an input parameter (270) and an output for outputting an output parameter (280), a control system operably connected to the chemical loop and having a multiple controller part (230) comprising a model-free controller. The control system receives the output parameter (280), optimizes the input parameter (270) based on the received output parameter (280), and outputs an optimized input parameter (270) to the input of the chemical loop to control a process of the chemical loop in an optimized manner.

  11. Quantum Control Landscapes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raj Chakrabarti; Herschel Rabitz

    2007-10-03

    Numerous lines of experimental, numerical and analytical evidence indicate that it is surprisingly easy to locate optimal controls steering quantum dynamical systems to desired objectives. This has enabled the control of complex quantum systems despite the expense of solving the Schrodinger equation in simulations and the complicating effects of environmental decoherence in the laboratory. Recent work indicates that this simplicity originates in universal properties of the solution sets to quantum control problems that are fundamentally different from their classical counterparts. Here, we review studies that aim to systematically characterize these properties, enabling the classification of quantum control mechanisms and the design of globally efficient quantum control algorithms.

  12. Modeling, Analysis, and Control of Demand Response Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathieu, Johanna L.

    2013-01-01

    that pre-cool, rebound, or otherwise shift energy use to theexhibit almost no rebound and save some energy on DR days,min) Rebound (kW) Daily peak demand (%) Daily energy (%)

  13. Modeling, Analysis, and Control of Demand Response Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathieu, Johanna L.

    2012-01-01

    that pre-cool, rebound, or otherwise shift energy use to theexhibit almost no rebound and save some energy on DR days,min) Rebound (kW) Daily peak demand (%) Daily energy (%)

  14. Integrated Biological Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JOHNSON, A.R.

    2003-10-09

    Biological control is any activity taken to prevent, limit, clean up, or remediate potential environmental, health and safety, or workplace quality impacts from plants, animals, or microorganisms. At Hanford the principal emphasis of biological control is to prevent the transport of radioactive contamination by biological vectors (plants, animals, or microorganisms), and where necessary, control and clean up resulting contamination. Other aspects of biological control at Hanford include industrial weed control (e.g.; tumbleweeds), noxious weed control (invasive, non-native plant species), and pest control (undesirable animals such as rodents and stinging insects, and microorganisms such as molds that adversely affect the quality of the workplace environment). Biological control activities may be either preventive (a priori) or in response to existing contamination spread (a posteriori). Surveillance activities, including ground, vegetation, flying insect, and other surveys, and a priori control actions, such as herbicide spraying and placing biological barriers, are important in preventing radioactive contamination spread. If surveillance discovers that biological vectors have spread radioactive contamination, a posteriori control measures, such as fixing contamination, followed by cleanup and removal of the contamination to an approved disposal location are typical response functions. In some cases remediation following the contamination cleanup and removal is necessary. Biological control activities for industrial weeds, noxious weeds and pests have similar modes of prevention and response.

  15. Controlling chaos faster

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bick, Christian [Network Dynamics, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPIDS), 37077 Göttingen (Germany); Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience (BCCN), 37077 Göttingen (Germany); Institute for Mathematics, Georg–August–Universität Göttingen, 37073 Göttingen (Germany); Kolodziejski, Christoph [Network Dynamics, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPIDS), 37077 Göttingen (Germany); III. Physical Institute—Biophysics, Georg–August–Universität Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen (Germany); Timme, Marc [Network Dynamics, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPIDS), 37077 Göttingen (Germany); Institute for Nonlinear Dynamics, Georg–August–Universität Göttingen, 37077 Göttingen (Germany)

    2014-09-01

    Predictive feedback control is an easy-to-implement method to stabilize unknown unstable periodic orbits in chaotic dynamical systems. Predictive feedback control is severely limited because asymptotic convergence speed decreases with stronger instabilities which in turn are typical for larger target periods, rendering it harder to effectively stabilize periodic orbits of large period. Here, we study stalled chaos control, where the application of control is stalled to make use of the chaotic, uncontrolled dynamics, and introduce an adaptation paradigm to overcome this limitation and speed up convergence. This modified control scheme is not only capable of stabilizing more periodic orbits than the original predictive feedback control but also speeds up convergence for typical chaotic maps, as illustrated in both theory and application. The proposed adaptation scheme provides a way to tune parameters online, yielding a broadly applicable, fast chaos control that converges reliably, even for periodic orbits of large period.

  16. Quantum Optimal Control Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Werschnik; E. K. U. Gross

    2007-07-12

    The control of quantum dynamics via specially tailored laser pulses is a long-standing goal in physics and chemistry. Partly, this dream has come true, as sophisticated pulse shaping experiments allow to coherently control product ratios of chemical reactions. The theoretical design of the laser pulse to transfer an initial state to a given final state can be achieved with the help of quantum optimal control theory (QOCT). This tutorial provides an introduction to QOCT. It shows how the control equations defining such an optimal pulse follow from the variation of a properly defined functional. We explain the most successful schemes to solve these control equations and show how to incorporate additional constraints in the pulse design. The algorithms are then applied to simple quantum systems and the obtained pulses are analyzed. Besides the traditional final-time control methods, the tutorial also presents an algorithm and an example to handle time-dependent control targets.

  17. Demand Responsive and Energy Efficient Control Technologies and Strategies in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann; Kiliccote, Sila

    2006-01-01

    e-mail. [8] Peak Load Management Alliance, “Principles ofTable 2. Energy Efficiency, Daily Load Management and Demandefficiency, (2) daily peak load management and (3) dynamic,

  18. Lighting Controls | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Controls Lighting Controls Use lighting controls to automatically turn lights on and off as needed, and save energy. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.comMaliketh. Use lighting...

  19. Export Control | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Export Control SHARE Export Control ORNL's Nuclear Security and Isotope Technology Division Export Control Team promotes the U.S. nonproliferation agenda by providing policy...

  20. Reduced diurnal temperature range does not change warming impacts on ecosystem carbon balance of Mediterranean grassland mesocosms

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Phillips, Claire L.; Gregg, Jillian W.; Wilson, John K.

    2011-11-01

    Daily minimum temperature (Tmin) has increased faster than daily maximum temperature (Tmax) in many parts of the world, leading to decreases in diurnal temperature range (DTR). Projections suggest these trends are likely to continue in many regions, particularly northern latitudes and in arid regions. Despite wide speculation that asymmetric warming has different impacts on plant and ecosystem production than equal-night-and-day warming, there has been little direct comparison of these scenarios. Reduced DTR has also been widely misinterpreted as a result of night-only warming, when in fact Tmin occurs near dawn, indicating higher morning as well as night temperatures. We reportmore »on the first experiment to examine ecosystem-scale impacts of faster increases in Tmin than Tmax, using precise temperature controls to create realistic diurnal temperature profiles with gradual day-night temperature transitions and elevated early morning as well as night temperatures. Studying a constructed grassland ecosystem containing species native to Oregon, USA, we found the ecosystem lost more carbon at elevated than ambient temperatures, but was unaffected by the 3ºC difference in DTR between symmetric warming (constantly ambient +3.5ºC) and asymmetric warming (dawn Tmin=ambient +5ºC, afternoon Tmax= ambient +2ºC). Reducing DTR had no apparent effect on photosynthesis, likely because temperatures were most different in the morning and late afternoon when light was low. Respiration was also similar in both warming treatments, because respiration temperature sensitivity was not sufficient to respond to the limited temperature differences between asymmetric and symmetric warming. We concluded that changes in daily mean temperatures, rather than changes in Tmin/Tmax, were sufficient for predicting ecosystem carbon fluxes in this reconstructed Mediterranean grassland system.« less

  1. Reduced diurnal temperature range does not change warming impacts on ecosystem carbon balance of Mediterranean grassland mesocosms

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Phillips, Claire L.; Gregg, Jillian W. [Terrestrial Ecosystems Research Associates; 200 SW 35th St.; Corvallis; OR; 97333; USA; Wilson, John K. [Terrestrial Ecosystems Research Associates; 200 SW 35th St.; Corvallis; OR; 97333; USA

    2011-11-01

    Daily minimum temperature (Tmin) has increased faster than daily maximum temperature (Tmax) in many parts of the world, leading to decreases in diurnal temperature range (DTR). Projections suggest these trends are likely to continue in many regions, particularly northern latitudes and in arid regions. Despite wide speculation that asymmetric warming has different impacts on plant and ecosystem production than equal-night-and-day warming, there has been little direct comparison of these scenarios. Reduced DTR has also been widely misinterpreted as a result of night-only warming, when in fact Tmin occurs near dawn, indicating higher morning as well as night temperatures. We report on the first experiment to examine ecosystem-scale impacts of faster increases in Tmin than Tmax, using precise temperature controls to create realistic diurnal temperature profiles with gradual day-night temperature transitions and elevated early morning as well as night temperatures. Studying a constructed grassland ecosystem containing species native to Oregon, USA, we found the ecosystem lost more carbon at elevated than ambient temperatures, but was unaffected by the 3ºC difference in DTR between symmetric warming (constantly ambient +3.5ºC) and asymmetric warming (dawn Tmin=ambient +5ºC, afternoon Tmax= ambient +2ºC). Reducing DTR had no apparent effect on photosynthesis, likely because temperatures were most different in the morning and late afternoon when light was low. Respiration was also similar in both warming treatments, because respiration temperature sensitivity was not sufficient to respond to the limited temperature differences between asymmetric and symmetric warming. We concluded that changes in daily mean temperatures, rather than changes in Tmin/Tmax, were sufficient for predicting ecosystem carbon fluxes in this reconstructed Mediterranean grassland system.

  2. Reduced diurnal temperature range does not change warming impacts on ecosystem carbon balance of Mediterranean grassland mesocosms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, Claire L. [Terrestrial Ecosystems Reserach Associates,Corvallis, OR (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Gregg, Jillian W. [Terrestrial Ecosystems Reserach Associates,Corvallis, OR (United States); Wilson, John K. [Terrestrial Ecosystems Reserach Associates,Corvallis, OR (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Daily minimum temperature (Tmin) has increased faster than daily maximum temperature (Tmax) in many parts of the world, leading to decreases in diurnal temperature range (DTR). Projections suggest these trends are likely to continue in many regions, particularly northern latitudes and in arid regions. Despite wide speculation that asymmetric warming has different impacts on plant and ecosystem production than equal-night-and-day warming, there has been little direct comparison of these scenarios. Reduced DTR has also been widely misinterpreted as a result of night-only warming, when in fact Tmin occurs near dawn, indicating higher morning as well as night temperatures. We report on the first experiment to examine ecosystem-scale impacts of faster increases in Tmin than Tmax, using precise temperature controls to create realistic diurnal temperature profiles with gradual day-night temperature transitions and elevated early morning as well as night temperatures. Studying a constructed grassland ecosystem containing species native to Oregon, USA, we found the ecosystem lost more carbon at elevated than ambient temperatures, but was unaffected by the 3ºC difference in DTR between symmetric warming (constantly ambient +3.5ºC) and asymmetric warming (dawn Tmin=ambient +5ºC, afternoon Tmax= ambient +2ºC). Reducing DTR had no apparent effect on photosynthesis, likely because temperatures were most different in the morning and late afternoon when light was low. Respiration was also similar in both warming treatments, because respiration temperature sensitivity was not sufficient to respond to the limited temperature differences between asymmetric and symmetric warming. We concluded that changes in daily mean temperatures, rather than changes in Tmin/Tmax, were sufficient for predicting ecosystem carbon fluxes in this reconstructed Mediterranean grassland system.

  3. 2/1/2014 TinyMicro-Robotic Windmill Recharges Phone Batteries | The DailyFusion http://dailyfusion.net/2014/01/tiny-micro-windmill-recharges-phone-batteries-25864/ 1/4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    2/1/2014 TinyMicro-Robotic Windmill Recharges Phone Batteries | The DailyFusion http://dailyfusion.net/2014/01/tiny-micro-windmill-recharges-phone-batteries-25864/ 1/4 Knowledge is Power prev next A UT Arlington research associate and electrical engineering professor have designed a micro-windmill

  4. 03/01/2006 09:51 AMLoading "People's Daily Online --Chinese experimental thermonuclear reactor on discharge test in July" Page 1 of 1http://english.people.com.cn/200603/01/print20060301_247035.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    03/01/2006 09:51 AMLoading "People's Daily Online -- Chinese experimental thermonuclear reactor experimental thermonuclear reactor on discharge test in July China's new generation experimental Tokamak fusion and the former Soviet Union launched a 10 billion- euro ambitious plan, the International Thermonuclear

  5. Nuclear reactor control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cawley, William E. (Phoenix, AZ); Warnick, Robert F. (Pasco, WA)

    1982-01-01

    1. In a nuclear reactor incorporating a plurality of columns of tubular fuel elements disposed in horizontal tubes in a mass of graphite wherein water flows through the tubes to cool the fuel elements, the improvement comprising at least one control column disposed in a horizontal tube including fewer fuel elements than in a normal column of fuel elements and tubular control elements disposed at both ends of said control column, and means for varying the horizontal displacement of the control column comprising a winch at the upstream end of the control column and a cable extending through the fuel and control elements and attached to the element at the downstream end of the column.

  6. Fuzzy logic controller optimization

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sepe, Jr., Raymond B; Miller, John Michael

    2004-03-23

    A method is provided for optimizing a rotating induction machine system fuzzy logic controller. The fuzzy logic controller has at least one input and at least one output. Each input accepts a machine system operating parameter. Each output produces at least one machine system control parameter. The fuzzy logic controller generates each output based on at least one input and on fuzzy logic decision parameters. Optimization begins by obtaining a set of data relating each control parameter to at least one operating parameter for each machine operating region. A model is constructed for each machine operating region based on the machine operating region data obtained. The fuzzy logic controller is simulated with at least one created model in a feedback loop from a fuzzy logic output to a fuzzy logic input. Fuzzy logic decision parameters are optimized based on the simulation.

  7. Combustion Air Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughart, C. L.

    1979-01-01

    to 100%. If the air and fuel controls are on automatic but the flue gas oxygen content cannot be lowered to 4% oxygen without the boiler smoking, burner problems may be suspected. The trouble may be traced to dirty or improperly assembled oil guns..., combustion air distribution problems, vaporizing steam control problems, oil viscosity, or flow control problems. It is very important to have all oil guns operating properly before proceeding with a combustion test. The minimum stack gas oxygen level you...

  8. Cooled, temperature controlled electrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morgan, John P. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1992-01-01

    A cooled, temperature controlled electrometer for the measurement of small currents. The device employs a thermal transfer system to remove heat from the electrometer circuit and its environment and dissipate it to the external environment by means of a heat sink. The operation of the thermal transfer system is governed by a temperature regulation circuit which activates the thermal transfer system when the temperature of the electrometer circuit and its environment exceeds a level previously inputted to the external variable temperature control circuit. The variable temperature control circuit functions as subpart of the temperature control circuit. To provide temperature stability and uniformity, the electrometer circuit is enclosed by an insulated housing.

  9. Cooled, temperature controlled electrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morgan, John P.

    1992-08-04

    A cooled, temperature controlled electrometer for the measurement of small currents. The device employs a thermal transfer system to remove heat from the electrometer circuit and its environment and dissipate it to the external environment by means of a heat sink. The operation of the thermal transfer system is governed by a temperature regulation circuit which activates the thermal transfer system when the temperature of the electrometer circuit and its environment exceeds a level previously inputted to the external variable temperature control circuit. The variable temperature control circuit functions as subpart of the temperature control circuit. To provide temperature stability and uniformity, the electrometer circuit is enclosed by an insulated housing.

  10. Control system design guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sellers, David; Friedman, Hannah; Haasl, Tudi; Bourassa, Norman; Piette, Mary Ann

    2003-05-01

    The ''Control System Design Guide'' (Design Guide) provides methods and recommendations for the control system design process and control point selection and installation. Control systems are often the most problematic system in a building. A good design process that takes into account maintenance, operation, and commissioning can lead to a smoothly operating and efficient building. To this end, the Design Guide provides a toolbox of templates for improving control system design and specification. HVAC designers are the primary audience for the Design Guide. The control design process it presents will help produce well-designed control systems that achieve efficient and robust operation. The spreadsheet examples for control valve schedules, damper schedules, and points lists can streamline the use of the control system design concepts set forth in the Design Guide by providing convenient starting points from which designers can build. Although each reader brings their own unique questions to the text, the Design Guide contains information that designers, commissioning providers, operators, and owners will find useful.

  11. CONTROL SYSTEM INTEROPERABILITY

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    View this presentation on lighting control system interoperability, given by Michael Poplawski at the DOE SSL Market Development Workshop in Detroit, that defines terminology, discusses...

  12. Sun tracking controller

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menser, H.K.; Newcomb, R.D.

    1981-11-24

    An apparatus is described which controls the electric tracking motors of solar energy collectors and other solar devices which are adapted to be aimed at the sun.

  13. Radiation Control (Virginia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Health is responsible for regulating radiation and radioactive materials in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Although the Department's Radiation Control Program primarily focuses on...

  14. Quantum Optimal Control Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. H. Gadiyar

    1994-05-10

    The possibility of control of phenomena at microscopic level compatible with quantum mechanics and quantum field theory is outlined. The theory could be used in nanotechnology.

  15. Voltage Control Technical Conference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1-08-Voltage-Control-Technical-Conference Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects &...

  16. Device Oriented Project Controller

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dalesio, Leo; Kraimer, Martin

    2013-11-20

    This proposal is directed at the issue of developing control systems for very large HEP projects. A de-facto standard in accelerator control is the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS), which has been applied successfully to many physics projects. EPICS is a channel based system that requires that each channel of each device be configured and controlled. In Phase I, the feasibility of a device oriented extension to the distributed channel database was demonstrated by prototyping a device aware version of an EPICS I/O controller that functions with the current version of the channel access communication protocol. Extensions have been made to the grammar to define the database. Only a multi-stage position controller with limit switches was developed in the demonstration, but the grammar should support a full range of functional record types. In phase II, a full set of record types will be developed to support all existing record types, a set of process control functions for closed loop control, and support for experimental beam line control. A tool to configure these records will be developed. A communication protocol will be developed or extensions will be made to Channel Access to support introspection of components of a device. Performance bench marks will be made on both communication protocol and the database. After these records and performance tests are under way, a second of the grammar will be undertaken.

  17. Management Control Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2002-04-18

    To establish requirements and responsibilities for the Department of Energy Management Control Program. Cancels DOE O 413.1. Canceled by DOE O 413.1B.

  18. Tick Control (Spanish) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merchant, Michael E.

    2002-08-23

    This publication will help you identify ticks and learn their behaviors and potential dangers. Included are methods for avoiding, controlling and removing ticks.

  19. Flea Control (Spanish) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merchant, Michael E.

    2002-08-23

    This publication will help you identify fleas and learn their behaviors and potential dangers to pets and humans. Included are methods for controlling fleas indoors and out.

  20. Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1995-09-25

    To prevent unauthorized dissemination of Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information (UCNI). Cancels DOE 5635.4 and DOE 5650.3A

  1. Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure Print Wednesday, 25 April 2007 00:00 Graphene, because of its unusual electron properties, reduced dimensionality, and scale, has...

  2. Contamination Control Techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    EBY, J.L.

    2000-05-16

    Welcome to a workshop on contamination Control techniques. This work shop is designed for about two hours. Attendee participation is encouraged during the workshop. We will address different topics within contamination control techniques; present processes, products and equipment used here at Hanford and then open the floor to you, the attendees for your input on the topics.

  3. Use of Institutional Controls

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2003-04-09

    The Policy ensures that the Department of Energy will use institutional controls in the management of resources, facilities and properties under its control, and in implementing its programmatic responsibilities. Certified 1-28-11. Superseded by Chg 1 (Admin Chg), dated 12-7-15.

  4. Use of Institutional Controls

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2003-04-09

    The Policy ensures that the Department of Energy will use institutional controls in the management of resources, facilities and properties under its control, and in implementing its programmatic responsibilities. Certified 1-28-11. Supersedes DOE P 454.1, dated 4-9-03.

  5. CONTRIBUTED Adaptive Stochastic Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    sources, many forms of energy storage, and microgrid management (see Fig. 1). Computationally, controlling that are extremely close to optimal. We then address the problem of energy storage (e.g., in a large batteryCONTRIBUTED P A P E R Adaptive Stochastic Control for the Smart Grid The main theme of this paper

  6. Fluid delivery control system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hoff, Brian D.; Johnson, Kris William; Algrain, Marcelo C.; Akasam, Sivaprasad

    2006-06-06

    A method of controlling the delivery of fluid to an engine includes receiving a fuel flow rate signal. An electric pump is arranged to deliver fluid to the engine. The speed of the electric pump is controlled based on the fuel flow rate signal.

  7. Burner control system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cade, P.J.

    1981-01-06

    A burner control apparatus for use with a furnace installation that has an operating control to produce a request for burner operation, a flame sensor to produce a signal when flame is present in the monitored combustion chamber, and one or more devices for control of ignition and/or fuel flow. The burner control apparatus comprises lockout apparatus for de-energizing the control apparatus, a control device for actuating the ignition and/or fuel control devices, and a timing circuit that provides four successive and partially overlapping timing intervals of precise relation, including a purge timing interval, a pilot ignition interval, and a main fuel ignition interval. The present invention further includes a burner control system which verifies the proper operation of certain sensors in a burner or furnace including particularly the air flow sensor. Additionally, the present system also prevents an attempt to ignite a burner if a condition is detected which indicates that the air flow sensor has been bypassed or wedged in the actuated position.

  8. Soybean Insect Control Suggestions. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drees, B.M.

    1985-01-01

    Protecting Bees and Other Pollinators from Insecticides .............................. 10 Policy Statement for Making Chemical Control Recommendations ....................... 11 Soybean Insect Control Suggestions (chart) ... 12 Conversion Table... and maximum coverage. When making any insecticide applications, follow label directions. Refer to the ((Protecting Bees and other Pollinators from Insecticides" section of this bulletin to avoid bee losses. Biological Insecticides ':,.,.dcillus...

  9. Flash protection controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Galbraith, Lee K. (Mountain View, CA)

    1981-01-01

    A controller provides a high voltage to maintain an electro-optic shutter in a transparent condition until a flash of light which would be harmful to personnel is sensed by a phototransistor. The controller then shorts the shutter to ground to minimize light transmission to the user and maintains light transmission at the pre-flash level for a predetermined time to allow the flash to subside. A log converter and differential trigger circuit keep the controller from being triggered by other light flashes which are not dangerous.

  10. Radiological Control Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-04-01

    This manual has been prepared by Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory to provide guidance for site-specific additions, supplements, and clarifications to the DOE Radiological Control Manual. The guidance provided in this manual is based on the requirements given in Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations Part 835, Radiation Protection for Occupational Workers, DOE Order 5480.11, Radiation Protection for Occupational Workers, and the DOE Radiological Control Manual. The topics covered are (1) excellence in radiological control, (2) radiological standards, (3) conduct of radiological work, (4) radioactive materials, (5) radiological health support operations, (6) training and qualification, and (7) radiological records.

  11. Control on Demand Customizing Control for Each Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharjee, Samrat "Bobby"

    1 Control on Demand Customizing Control for Each Application Abstract Control on demand significant progress has been made in integrated network transport now offering ``bandwidth on demand control needs. In this paradigm paper we propose an architecture for control on demand. We de­ fine

  12. OCTOBER 2013 IEEE CONTROL SYSTEMS MAGAZINE 23 PEOPLE IN CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benmei, Chen

    OCTOBER 2013 « IEEE CONTROL SYSTEMS MAGAZINE 23 PEOPLE IN CONTROL « I n this issue of IEEE Control Systems Magazine, we speak with six IEEE Fellows in the control systems field. Ben M. Chen is a professor and area director of Control, Intelligent Systems, and Robotics in the Department of Elec- trical

  13. Decentralized Control Framework for Networked Control Systems Ahmed Elmahdi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Dengfeng

    Decentralized Control Framework for Networked Control Systems Ahmed Elmahdi , Ahmad F Taha are closed through a network is defined as Decentralized Networked Control System (DNCS). In this paper, we-networked systems to the general setup of Networked Control Systems (NCS). An observer-based decentralized control

  14. CUNY EXPORT CONTROL PROCEDURES 8. Technology Control Plans (TCPs)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Jay

    CUNY EXPORT CONTROL PROCEDURES 8. Technology Control Plans (TCPs) This Section addresses and data from foreign nationals for whom the item is controlled, and would otherwise require an export; physical controls (laboratory security); IT controls (data file/computer access security); deemed export

  15. Daily Gazette, Schenectady NY Letters to the Editor for Thursday, July 10, 2008 Nothing to fear, and much to gain, from waste-to-energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    , and much to gain, from waste-to-energy Schenectady is one of those misguided cities that sends its global warming and pollution of our environment. Waste-to-energy (WTE) is safe. I advised the Israel telling its public officials that WTE with modern, multi-stage air pollution controls is safe and has

  16. Representative Control Gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    Representative Staffing & Management Reviews & Control Gates The NASA Program/Project Life Cycle Concept C Concept/Design Evaluation Criteria ° Feasibility Assessment ° Life Cycle Cost Estimates ° Trade Requirements Establish Optimum System Design Analyze Mission Requirements Establish Optimum Architecture

  17. Receding Horizon Covariance Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wendel, Eric

    2012-10-19

    Covariance assignment theory, introduced in the late 1980s, provided the only means to directly control the steady-state error properties of a linear system subject to Gaussian white noise and parameter uncertainty. This theory, however, does...

  18. Stepping Motor Control System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Noble G.

    This paper describes a hardware system designed to facilitate position and velocity control of a group of eight stepping motors using a PDP-11. The system includes motor driver cards and other interface cards in addition ...

  19. Radiation: Radiation Control (Indiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    It is the policy of the state to encourage the constructive uses of radiation and to control its harmful effects. This section contains regulations pertaining to the manufacture, use,...

  20. Engineering of metabolic control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Liao, James C.

    2004-03-16

    The invention features a method of producing heterologous molecules in cells under the regulatory control of a metabolite and metabolic flux. The method can enhance the synthesis of heterologous polypeptides and metabolites.

  1. Engineering of metabolic control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Liao, James C.

    2006-10-17

    The invention features a method of producing heterologous molecules in cells under the regulatory control of a metabolite and metabolic flux. The method can enhance the synthesis of heterologous polypeptides and metabolites.

  2. Sediment Control: Weirs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Weirs Sediment Control: Weirs Los Alamos and Pueblo Canyons have a series of defenses-in-depth to keep stormwater on-site. August 1, 2013 Los Alamos Canyon weir slows the flow of...

  3. Controlling Blow Flies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomberlin, Jeffery K.

    2005-10-05

    Blow flies lay their eggs on animal remains and can spread disease. To control blow flies, it is important to remove dead animals and dispose of them properly, and to use effective insecticides when necessary.

  4. Controlling Beaver Damage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Wildlife Services

    2007-03-13

    Beavers are important because their dams stabilize creek flow, slow runoff and create ponds. However, these same dams can negatively alter the flow of creeks. Damage prevention, control and various trapping methods are discussed in this publication....

  5. Controlling Nutria Damage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Wildlife Services

    2007-03-13

    Nutria are large, semi-aquatic rodents resembling beavers or muskrats. They eat desirable vegetation, girdle trees and burrow into banks and dams. The biological, reproductive and behavioral characteristics of nutria are listed, as well as control...

  6. Controlling Rats and Mice 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Wildlife Services

    2007-03-13

    House rats and mice eat and contaminate human and animal food, and they damage and destroy property. This leaflet explains how to identify rats and mice by their droppings, runways, food crumbs and noises. Various control methods are discussed....

  7. Controlling Feral Hog Damage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Wildlife Services

    2008-04-15

    This publication discusses the distribution of feral hogs as well as their habitats, food habits and reproduction. Feral hogs can damage crops and kill lambs and kid goats. Methods of control are also explained....

  8. Valve for fluid control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Oborny, Michael C. (Albuquerque, NM); Paul, Phillip H. (Livermore, CA); Hencken, Kenneth R. (Pleasanton, CA); Frye-Mason, Gregory C. (Cedar Crest, NM); Manginell, Ronald P. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2001-01-01

    A valve for controlling fluid flows. This valve, which includes both an actuation device and a valve body provides: the ability to incorporate both the actuation device and valve into a unitary structure that can be placed onto a microchip, the ability to generate higher actuation pressures and thus control higher fluid pressures than conventional microvalves, and a device that draws only microwatts of power. An electrokinetic pump that converts electric potential to hydraulic force is used to operate, or actuate, the valve.

  9. Optically Controlled Jitter Generator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julia Manasson; V. A. Manasson

    2006-08-17

    A new simple circuit producing random pulse trains is proposed and experimentally studied. The circuit is composed of an operational amplifier and two feedback links, one of which comprises two photodiodes. The photodiodes are responsible for nonlinearity in the feedback. By varying the illumination it is possible to control the nonlinearity in the photodiode current-voltage characteristics and change the degree of randomness in the oscillations. The circuit's simplicity and optical control make it attractive for coupled map lattices.

  10. Red Harvester Ants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drees, Bastiaan M.

    2006-04-24

    Granule Insect Bait Maxforce Professional Insect Control Granular Insect Bait *Other products with different trade names may be available. Acknowledgment The author appreciates review comments from Dr. John Jackman, Dr. Dawn Gouge and Dr. Pat Morrison...

  11. Testing Drugs Versus Testing For Drug Use: Private Risk Management in the Shadow of the Criminal Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacCoun, Robert J.

    2007-01-01

    Preface: The Varieties of Drug Control at the Dawn of thetbl.1.1. Id. See Peter Reuter, Drug Use Measures: What AreBetween Student Illicit Drug Use and School Drug-Testing

  12. Motor Control STEVEN P. WISE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shadmehr, Reza

    Motor Control STEVEN P. WISE National Institute of Mental Health REZA SHADMEHR Johns Hopkins University I. What Controls Movement II. What the Motor System Controls III. Mechanisms of Motor Control IV. Motor Memory V. Flexibility in Motor Control VI. Evolution of the Motor System GLOSSARY agonist A muscle

  13. Optimal Control PRENTICE HALL INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John Barratt

    Optimal Control Optimal Filtering Computer-ControlledSystems: Theory and Design, 21e StatisticalSpectralAnalysis & Systems System Identification and Control Design Using P.I.M. + Software System Identification MedicalImaging Systems Digital Control & Estimation StableAdaptive Systems Adaptive Control

  14. Best available control technology (BACT) equivalent for the control of volatile organic emissions from paint dipping operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blankenship, W.R.; Pugh, C.W. Jr.

    1999-07-01

    This paper provides details of a study conducted to demonstrate an equivalent method of Best Available Control Technology (BACT) compliance for volatile organic emissions from dip coating of certain miscellaneous metal parts. The study was proposed to show that the total volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from 3.8 lb of VOC/gallon coating formulations were no greater than the total VOC emissions from 3.5 lb/gallon formulations used under the same conditions for coating steel joists. The presumptive BACT standard enforced by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) for dip coating of steel joists is 3.5 lb/gallon. The requirement of 3.5 lb/gallon was derived from the US Environmental Protection Agency Guideline Series Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Existing Stationary Sources--Volume 6: Surface Coating of Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products. On June 5, 1998 the source completed a 12 month, full scale comparison study under a consent order with the Virginia DEQ. During the study period, the source made daily measurements of product produced, paint used, and emissions from the control and test paint tanks, and reported data to EPA and the DEQ every two months. The study concluded that a 26 percent reduction in paint usage and a 20 percent reduction in emissions was achieved in the test tanks using a 3.8 lb/gal coating compared to the control tanks using a 3.5 lb/gal coating. This study enables the source to achieve greater emission reductions than the presumptive BACT level and at the same time reduce painting costs by 34%. This study provides positive results for the environment, the steel joist industry, and the construction industry. This study could impact EPA's current Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) rule development for Miscellaneous Metal Parts and Products and national VOC rules for this source category under Section 183(e) of the Clean Air Act.

  15. Demand Responsive and Energy Efficient Control Technologies andStrategies in Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piette, Mary Ann; Kiliccote, Sila

    2006-09-01

    Commercial buildings account for a large portion of summer peak electric demand. Research results show that there is significant potential to reduce peak demand in commercial buildings through advanced control technologies and strategies. However, a better understanding of commercial buildings contribution to peak demand and the use of energy management and control systems is required to develop this demand response resource to its full potential. The main objectives of the study were: (1) To evaluate the size of contributions of peak demand commercial buildings in the U.S.; (2) To understand how commercial building control systems support energy efficiency and DR; and (3) To disseminate the results to the building owners, facility managers and building controls industry. In order to estimate the commercial buildings contribution to peak demand, two sources of data are used: (1) Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) and (2) National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). These two sources indicate that commercial buildings noncoincidental peak demand is about 330GW. The project then focused on technologies and strategies that deliver energy efficiency and also target 5-10% of this peak. Based on a building operations perspective, a demand-side management framework with three main features: (1) daily energy efficiency, (2) daily peak load management and (3) dynamic, event-driven DR are outlined. A general description of DR, its benefits, and nationwide DR potential in commercial buildings are presented. Case studies involving these technologies and strategies are described. The findings of this project are shared with building owners, building controls industry, researchers and government entities through a webcast and their input is requested. Their input is presented in the appendix section of this report.

  16. EXPORT CONTROLS COMPLIANCE Policy Statement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ottino, Julio M.

    Page 1 EXPORT CONTROLS COMPLIANCE Policy Statement Northwestern University ("Northwestern" or "University") must comply with all export control regulations issued by the federal government, which apply of the Northwestern community to comply with federal export control regulations, and the repercussions

  17. UK Export Controls 1) Export Control Act 2002 and Export Control Order 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UK Export Controls 1) Export Control Act 2002 and Export Control Order 2008 UK export controls are designed to restrict the export and communication of sensitive technology or strategic goods, with the aim such as terrorism. The controls apply equally to the academic community as to any other exporter, and cover physical

  18. Microprocessor-Based Controllers Enhance Process Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, G. F.

    1984-01-01

    !ne fits of a unit controller include high accuracy, much better configuration fll!xibil'ty, and con siderably lower cost per loop on a multiprocess unit basis. Accuracy is maximized because v ry few signal conversions and manipulations ~re necessary..., Houston, TX, April 15-18, 1984 -I EOU au11 F1 AI 1-----' COMP\\llE1C?GIt~ATED DUTY sa POINT fER? c:alREC ltD sP(CIFlC ..rAT 8 0?N5HY COJciS1ANTS REeotLEFi HEATIN{; ME.DIUM FLOW, INLET 8 OUlL[f TCMPt:RATU~ FEED F1EFLlJX Figure 4 Feedforward Scheme...

  19. Nuclear reactor control column

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bachovchin, Dennis M. (Plum Borough, PA)

    1982-01-01

    The nuclear reactor control column comprises a column disposed within the nuclear reactor core having a variable cross-section hollow channel and containing balls whose vertical location is determined by the flow of the reactor coolant through the column. The control column is divided into three basic sections wherein each of the sections has a different cross-sectional area. The uppermost section of the control column has the greatest cross-sectional area, the intermediate section of the control column has the smallest cross-sectional area, and the lowermost section of the control column has the intermediate cross-sectional area. In this manner, the area of the uppermost section can be established such that when the reactor coolant is flowing under normal conditions therethrough, the absorber balls will be lifted and suspended in a fluidized bed manner in the upper section. However, when the reactor coolant flow falls below a predetermined value, the absorber balls will fall through the intermediate section and into the lowermost section, thereby reducing the reactivity of the reactor core and shutting down the reactor.

  20. Superconducting VAR control. [Patent application

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boenig, H.J.; Hassenzahl, W.V.

    1980-12-05

    Static VAR control means are described employing an asymmetrically controlled Graetz bridge and a superconducting direct current coil having low losses and low cost characteristics.

  1. Dynamic PID loop control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pei, L.; Klebaner, A.; Theilacker, J.; Soyars, W.; Martinez, A.; Bossert, R.; DeGraff, B.; Darve, C.; /Fermilab

    2011-06-01

    The Horizontal Test Stand (HTS) SRF Cavity and Cryomodule 1 (CM1) of eight 9-cell, 1.3GHz SRF cavities are operating at Fermilab. For the cryogenic control system, how to hold liquid level constant in the cryostat by regulation of its Joule-Thompson JT-valve is very important after cryostat cool down to 2.0 K. The 72-cell cryostat liquid level response generally takes a long time delay after regulating its JT-valve; therefore, typical PID control loop should result in some cryostat parameter oscillations. This paper presents a type of PID parameter self-optimal and Time-Delay control method used to reduce cryogenic system parameters oscillation.

  2. CEBAF Control Room Renovation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Spata; Thomas Oren

    2005-05-01

    The Machine Control Center at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility was initially constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facilities 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display technologies and improve on workflow processes and ergonomic attributes. This effort also sets the foundation for the redevelopment of the accelerator's control system to deliver high reliability performance with improvements in beam specifications management and information flow. The complete renovation was performed over a three-week period with no interruption to beam operations. We present the results of this effort.

  3. Electric turbocompound control system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Algrain, Marcelo C. (Dunlap, IL)

    2007-02-13

    Turbocompound systems can be used to affect engine operation using the energy in exhaust gas that is driving the available turbocharger. A first electrical device acts as a generator in response to turbocharger rotation. A second electrical device acts as a motor to put mechanical power into the engine, typically at the crankshaft. Apparatus, systems, steps, and methods are described to control the generator and motor operations to control the amount of power being recovered. This can control engine operation closer to desirable parameters for given engine-related operating conditions compared to actual. The electrical devices can also operate in "reverse," going between motor and generator functions. This permits the electrical device associated with the crankshaft to drive the electrical device associated with the turbocharger as a motor, overcoming deficient engine operating conditions such as associated with turbocharger lag.

  4. Automatic lighting controls demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rubinstein, F.; Verderber, R.

    1990-03-01

    The purpose of this work was to demonstrate, in a real building situation, the energy and peak demand reduction capabilities of an electronically ballasted lighting control system that can utilize all types of control strategies to efficiently manage lighting. The project has demonstrated that a state-of-the-art electronically ballasted dimmable lighting system can reduce energy and lighting demand by as least 50% using various combinations of control strategies. By reducing light levels over circulation areas (tuning) and reducing after hours light levels to accommodate the less stringent lighting demands of the cleaning crew (scheduling), lighting energy consumption on weekdays was reduced an average of 54% relative to the initial condition. 10 refs., 14 figs., 3 tabs.

  5. Dynamic Controls for Energy Efficiency and Demand Response: Framework Concepts and a New Construction Study Case in New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David S.; Hughes, Glenn

    2006-01-01

    energy efficiency, peak load management and demand response.minimization); peak load management (for daily operations);Energy Efficiency, Daily Load Management and DR Demand-Side

  6. Mercury control in 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sjostrom, S.; Durham, M.; Bustard, J.; Martin, C.

    2009-07-15

    Although activated carbon injection (ACI) has been proven to be effective for many configurations and is a preferred option at many plants sufficient quantities of powdered activated coking (PAC) must be available to meet future needs. The authors estimate that upcoming federal and state regulations will result in tripling the annual US demand for activated carbon to nearly 1.5 billion lb from approximately 450 million lb. Rapid expansion of US production capacity is required. Many PAC manufacturers are discussing expansion of their existing production capabilities. One company, ADA Carbon Solutions, is in the process of constructing the largest activated carbon facility in North America to meet the future demand for PAC as a sorbent for mercury control. Emission control technology development and commercialization is driven by regulation and legislation. Although ACI will not achieve > 90% mercury control at every plant, the expected required MACT legislation level, it offers promise as a low-cost primary mercury control technology option for many configurations and an important trim technology for others. ACI has emerged as the clear mercury-specific control option of choice, representing over 98% of the commercial mercury control system orders to date. As state regulations are implemented and the potential for a federal rule becomes more imminent, suppliers are continuing to develop technologies to improve the cost effectiveness and limit the balance of plant impacts associated with ACI and are developing additional PAC production capabilities to ensure that the industry's needs are met. The commercialisation of ACI is a clear example of industry, through the dedication of many individuals and companies with support from the DOE and EPRI, meeting the challenge of developing cost-effectively reducing emissions from coal-fired power plants. 7 refs., 1 fig.

  7. Biological Control of Saltcedar 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knutson, Allen E.; DeLoach, C. Jack; Muegge, Mark A.

    2003-10-21

    stream_source_info pdf_1854.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 8896 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name pdf_1854.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 A sustainable approach using insect... organisms to suppress saltcedar. This method is called biological control. To help control saltcedar, insects that feed only on the plant are being intro- duced into Texas and the western United States. S Invader of rivers, lakes and wetlands Saltcedar, also...

  8. Quantum error control codes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdelhamid Awad Aly Ahmed, Sala

    2008-10-10

    by SALAH ABDELHAMID AWAD ALY AHMED Submitted to the O–ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulflllment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2008 Major Subject: Computer Science QUANTUM ERROR CONTROL CODES A... Members, Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi Anxiao (Andrew) Jiang Rabi N. Mahapatra Head of Department, Valerie Taylor May 2008 Major Subject: Computer Science iii ABSTRACT Quantum Error Control Codes. (May 2008) Salah Abdelhamid Awad Aly Ahmed, B.Sc., Mansoura...

  9. Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentratingPortal Controlling Foaming inControlling

  10. Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentratingPortal Controlling FoamingControlling Graphene's

  11. Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentratingPortal Controlling FoamingControlling

  12. Controller Patterns for Component-based Reactive Control Software Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Kung-Kiu

    Controller Patterns for Component-based Reactive Control Software Systems Petr Stepán, Kung-Kiu Lau Organization]: Special-Purpose and Application-Based Systems--Process control systems; D.2.2 [Software of the device they are embedded in, hence we call them reactive control systems. The general schema

  13. Quantitative Analysis for Controllability of Symmetric Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murota, Kazuo

    Quantitative Analysis for Controllability of Symmetric Control Systems Reiko Tanaka 1 and Kazuo with the controllability of systems possessing symmetries. In partic­ ular, we aim to give a lower bound for the number of functioning modules needed to ensure the controllability of the entire symmetric system. Our concern

  14. Predictive Control for Time-Delayed Switching Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, Eric J.

    Predictive Control for Time-Delayed Switching Control Systems Bobby L. Shields Eric J. Barth A methodology is proposed for the control of switching systems characterized by linear system dynamics period determines the effect that the next control input will have on the future output of the system

  15. Introduction to Control & Optimal control theory Maria Soledad Aronna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreira, Carlos Gustavo

    Introduction to Control & Optimal control theory Mar´ia Soledad Aronna IMPA, Estrada Dona Castorina 110, 22460-320 Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brazil November 17, 2014 Control theory deals with ordinary interval of time. Optimal control theory studies situations in which one associates a cost functional

  16. PROCESS DESIGN AND CONTROL Optimal Selection of Controlled Variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    PROCESS DESIGN AND CONTROL Optimal Selection of Controlled Variables Ivar J. Halvorsen, Sigurd with constant setpoints ("self-optimizing control"). From a second-order Taylor approximation around the optimal of its control system. Obviously, from a purely math- ematical point of view, it would be optimal to use

  17. Economic plantwide control: Automated controlled variable selection for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    Economic plantwide control: Automated controlled variable selection for a reactor an optimal control structure for a complete chemical plant based on steady state plant economics, also known as economic plantwide control. In this work, we automated a key step of this procedure, which is the selection

  18. Remotely controlled sensor apparatus for use in dig-face characterization system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Josten, N.E.; Svoboda, J.M.

    1999-05-25

    A remotely controlled sensor platform apparatus useful in a dig-face characterization system is deployed from a mobile delivery device such as standard heavy construction equipment. The sensor apparatus is designed to stabilize sensors against extraneous motions induced by heavy equipment manipulations or other outside influences, and includes a terrain sensing and sensor elevation control system to maintain the sensors in close ground proximity. The deployed sensor apparatus is particularly useful in collecting data in work environments where human access is difficult due to the presence of hazardous conditions, rough terrain, or other circumstances that prevent efficient data collection by conventional methods. Such work environments include hazardous waste sites, unexploded ordnance sites, or construction sites. Data collection in these environments by utilizing the deployed sensor apparatus is desirable in order to protect human health and safety, or to assist in planning daily operations to increase efficiency. 13 figs.

  19. Remotely controlled sensor apparatus for use in dig-face characterization system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Josten, Nicholas E. (Idaho Falls, ID); Svoboda, John M. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1999-01-01

    A remotely controlled sensor platform apparatus useful in a dig-face characterization system is deployed from a mobile delivery device such as standard heavy construction equipment. The sensor apparatus is designed to stabilize sensors against extraneous motions induced by heavy equipment manipulations or other outside influences, and includes a terrain sensing and sensor elevation control system to maintain the sensors in close ground proximity. The deployed sensor apparatus is particularly useful in collecting data in work environments where human access is difficult due to the presence of hazardous conditions, rough terrain, or other circumstances that prevent efficient data collection by conventional methods. Such work environments include hazardous waste sites, unexploded ordnance sites, or construction sites. Data collection in these environments by utilizing the deployed sensor apparatus is desirable in order to protect human health and safety, or to assist in planning daily operations to increase efficiency.

  20. Forage Quality Photo Guide 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Robert K.; Machen, Richard V.; Stuth, Jerry W.

    2000-08-18

    , there are three major daily grazing periods?long periods at dawn and late afternoon and a short one near midnight. Cattle graze to fill a need for quantity. Cattle grazing in the midday summer heat probably do not have enough grass to meet their needs. Evaluating...

  1. Systems and Control Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    ), the automobile companies Ford, GM) computer companies (IBM, Lucent, Bellcore) by the aerospace industry (GE, JPL areas require cross-disciplinary tools and methods for their solution. The Bachelor of Science program include the modeling, analysis, optimization and control of complex biological, energy, and industrial

  2. Controlling the Pecan Weevil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ree, Bill; Knutson, Allen E.; Harris, Marvin

    2005-04-05

    The pecan weevil is a key pest of pecan in portions of Texas. This publication discusses the biology of the pest and how to use integrated pest management practices for control. Photographs illustrate adult and larval stages and signs of pecan nut...

  3. Electrical Demand Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eppelheimer, D. M.

    1984-01-01

    Almost every building owner or manager is interested in controlling electrical costs. Since the HVAC system is a large user of electricity, this article will discuss what can be done in the HVAC system to influence parts of the utility bill....

  4. Microelectromechanical flow control apparatus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okandan, Murat (NE Albuquerque, NM)

    2009-06-02

    A microelectromechanical (MEM) flow control apparatus is disclosed which includes a fluid channel formed on a substrate from a first layer of a nonconducting material (e.g. silicon nitride). A first electrode is provided on the first layer of the nonconducting material outside the flow channel; and a second electrode is located on a second layer of the nonconducting material above the first layer. A voltage applied between the first and second electrodes deforms the fluid channel to increase its cross-sectional size and thereby increase a flow of a fluid through the channel. In certain embodiments of the present invention, the fluid flow can be decreased or stopped by applying a voltage between the first electrode and the substrate. A peristaltic pumping of the fluid through the channel is also possible when the voltage is applied in turn between a plurality of first electrodes and the substrate. A MEM flow control assembly can also be formed by providing one or more MEM flow control devices on a common substrate together with a submicron filter. The MEM flow control assembly can optionally include a plurality of pressure sensors for monitoring fluid pressure and determining flow rates through the assembly.

  5. Internal Control Program

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-10-28

    To ensure sound internal controls and overall consistency in exercising the statutory authorities that vest in the Secretary, the Administrator, National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), and Department's Chief Financial Officer (CFO), and to implement the Federal Managers' Financial Integrity Act of 1982 and related central agency guidance. Supersedes DOE O 413.1A.

  6. TUBERCULOSIS EXPOSURE CONTROL PLAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Bruce J.

    Biosafety Committee, the Infection Policy and Education Committee or the Environmental Health and Safety and Education Committee and Environmental Health and Safety. June 2013: Summary of Document Changes The major Provided by: Environmental Health &Safety Department June 2013 #12;TB Exposure Control Plan Environmental

  7. NUCLEAR PLANT AND CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NUCLEAR PLANT OPERATIONS AND CONTROL KEYWORDS: software require- ments, safety analysis, formal for the digital protection systems of a nuclear power plant. When spec- ifying requirements for software and CRSA processes are described using shutdown system 2 of the Wolsong nuclear power plants as the digital

  8. Adaptive sequential controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    El-Sharkawi, Mohamed A. (Renton, WA); Xing, Jian (Seattle, WA); Butler, Nicholas G. (Newberg, OR); Rodriguez, Alonso (Pasadena, CA)

    1994-01-01

    An adaptive sequential controller (50/50') for controlling a circuit breaker (52) or other switching device to substantially eliminate transients on a distribution line caused by closing and opening the circuit breaker. The device adaptively compensates for changes in the response time of the circuit breaker due to aging and environmental effects. A potential transformer (70) provides a reference signal corresponding to the zero crossing of the voltage waveform, and a phase shift comparator circuit (96) compares the reference signal to the time at which any transient was produced when the circuit breaker closed, producing a signal indicative of the adaptive adjustment that should be made. Similarly, in controlling the opening of the circuit breaker, a current transformer (88) provides a reference signal that is compared against the time at which any transient is detected when the circuit breaker last opened. An adaptive adjustment circuit (102) produces a compensation time that is appropriately modified to account for changes in the circuit breaker response, including the effect of ambient conditions and aging. When next opened or closed, the circuit breaker is activated at an appropriately compensated time, so that it closes when the voltage crosses zero and opens when the current crosses zero, minimizing any transients on the distribution line. Phase angle can be used to control the opening of the circuit breaker relative to the reference signal provided by the potential transformer.

  9. Thermoelectric Temperature Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saffman, Mark

    NOTE 201TM TECHNICAL Optimizing Thermoelectric Temperature Control Systems #12;2 May 1995 92-040000A © 1995 Wavelength Electronics, Inc. Thermoelectric coolers (TECs) are used in a variety understanding of thermal management techniques and carefully select the thermoelectric module, temperature

  10. Gas Slow Control System Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    AMS-02 TRD Gas Slow Control System Specifications v 4.2 26-06-2006 A. Bartoloni, B. Borgia, F. Bucci, F. R. Spada INFN Sezione di Roma 1- Roma, Italy #12;2/45 #12;3/45 1. ABSTRACT 5 2. GAS SYSTEM FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION 5 3. GAS CONTROL SYSTEM 8 4. CONTROL SYSTEM COMPONENTS 12 a. Universal Control System

  11. Modular multivariable control improves hydrocracking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chia, T.L.; Lefkowitz, I. [ControlSoft, Inc., Cleveland, OH (United States); Tamas, P.D. [Marathon Oil Co., Robinson, IL (United States)

    1996-10-01

    Modular multivariable control (MMC), a system of interconnected, single process variable controllers, can be a user-friendly, reliable and cost-effective alternative to centralized, large-scale multivariable control packages. MMC properties and features derive directly from the properties of the coordinated controller which, in turn, is based on internal model control technology. MMC was applied to a hydrocracking unit involving two process variables and three controller outputs. The paper describes modular multivariable control, MMC properties, tuning considerations, application at the DCS level, constraints handling, and process application and results.

  12. Diesel Combustion Control with Closed-Loop Control of the Injection...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Combustion Control with Closed-Loop Control of the Injection Strategy Diesel Combustion Control with Closed-Loop Control of the Injection Strategy New control strategies are...

  13. Johnson Controls: Editorial | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Editorial Johnson Controls: Editorial "It's time we control our own destiny" Johnson Controls: Editorial More Documents & Publications Johnson Controls: EISA Presentation Johnson...

  14. Chemistry Controls Material's Nanostructure | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemistry Controls Material's Nanostructure Tweaking the chemicals used to form nanorods can be used to control their shape.Controlling a nanorod's shape is a key to controlling...

  15. Control power in perfect controlled teleportation via partially entangled channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xi-Han Li; Shohini Ghose

    2014-10-05

    We analyze and evaluate perfect controlled teleportation via three-qubit entangled channels from the point of view of the controller. The key idea in controlled teleportation is that the teleportation is performed only with the participation of the controller. We calculate a quantitative measure of the controller's power and establish a lower bound on the control power required for controlled teleportation. We show that the maximally entangled GHZ state is a suitable channel for controlled teleportation of arbitrary single qubits - the controller's power meets the bound and the teleportation fidelity without the controller's permission is no better than the fidelity of a classical channel. We also construct partially entangled channels that exceed the bound for controlled teleportation of a restricted set of states called the equatorial states. We calculate the minimum entanglement required in these channels to exceed the bound. Moreover, we find that in these restricted controlled teleportation schemes, the partially entangled channels can outperform maximally entangled channels with respect to the controller's power. Our results provide a new perspective on controlled teleportation schemes and are of practical interest since we propose useful partially entangled channels.

  16. Malaria control in Tanzania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yhdego, M.; Majura, P. )

    1988-01-01

    A review of the malaria control programs and the problem encountered in the United Republic of Tanzania since 1945 to the year 1986 is discussed. Buguruni, one of the squatter areas in the city of Dar es Salaam, is chosen as a case study in order to evaluate the economic advantage of engineering methods for the control of malaria infection. Although the initial capital cost of engineering methods may be high, the cost effectiveness requires a much lower financial burden of only about Tshs. 3 million compared with the conventional methods of larviciding and insecticiding which requires more than Tshs. 10 million. Finally, recommendations for the adoption of engineering methods are made concerning the upgrading of existing roads and footpaths in general with particular emphasis on drainage of large pools of water which serve as breeding sites for mosquitoes.

  17. Quantum control in spintronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ardavan, A

    2011-01-01

    Superposition and entanglement are uniquely quantum phenomena. Superposition incorporates a phase which contains information surpassing any classical mixture. Entanglement offers correlations between measurements in quantum systems that are stronger than any which would be possible classically. These give quantum computing its spectacular potential, but the implications extend far beyond quantum information processing. Early applications may be found in entanglement enhanced sensing and metrology. Quantum spins in condensed matter offer promising candidates for investigating and exploiting superposition and entanglement, and enormous progress is being made in quantum control of such systems. In GaAs, individual electron spins can be manipulated and measured, and singlet-triplet states can be controlled in double-dot structures. In silicon, individual electron spins can be detected by ionisation of phosphorous donors, and information can be transferred from electron spins to nuclear spins to provide long memor...

  18. Hybrid powertrain controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankovic, Miroslava (Birmingham, MI); Powell, Barry Kay (Belleville, MI)

    2000-12-26

    A hybrid powertrain for a vehicle comprising a diesel engine and an electric motor in a parallel arrangement with a multiple ratio transmission located on the torque output side of the diesel engine, final drive gearing connecting drivably the output shaft of transmission to traction wheels of the vehicle, and an electric motor drivably coupled to the final drive gearing. A powertrain controller schedules fuel delivered to the diesel engine and effects a split of the total power available, a portion of the power being delivered by the diesel and the balance of the power being delivered by the motor. A shifting schedule for the multiple ratio transmission makes it possible for establishing a proportional relationship between accelerator pedal movement and torque desired at the wheels. The control strategy for the powertrain maintains drivability of the vehicle that resembles drivability of a conventional spark ignition vehicle engine powertrain while achieving improved fuel efficiency and low exhaust gas emissions.

  19. CEBAF Control Room Renovation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Spata; Anthony Cuffe; Thomas Oren

    2005-03-22

    The Machine Control Center (MCC) at Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) was constructed in the early 1990s and based on proven technology of that era. Through our experience over the last 15 years and in our planning for the facilities 12 GeV upgrade we reevaluated the control room environment to capitalize on emerging visualization and display technologies and improve on work-flow processes and ergonomic attributes. The renovation was performed in two phases during the summer of 2004, with one phase occurring during machine operations and the latter, more extensive phase, occurring during our semi-annual shutdown period. The new facility takes advantage of advances in display technology, analog and video signal management, server technology, ergonomic workspace design, lighting engineering, acoustic ceilings and raised flooring solutions to provide a marked improvement in the overall environment of machine operations.

  20. Buildings Stock Load Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joutey, H. A.; Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Clemoncon, B.; Rosenstein, F.

    2006-01-01

    , Shenzhen, China Building Commissioning for Energy Efficiency and Comfort, Vol.VI-9-4 Buildings Stock Load Control Ms H. Amrani Joutey Mr H. Vaezi-Nejad Mr B. Clemonçon Mr F.Rosenstein PHD student Research engineer Research... electricity consumption and curtail peak demand but in local form: building by building. Few developments are carried out for multi sites management. Multi sites management is essential in crisis and/or peak periods (large energy demand in particular during...

  1. Toxic Substances Control Act

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-15

    This Reference Book contains a current copy of the Toxic Substances Control Act and those regulations that implement the statute and appear to be most relevant to DOE activities. The document is provided to DOE and contractor staff for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as legal guidance. Questions concerning this Reference Book may be directed to Mark Petts, EH-231 (202/586-2609).

  2. Controlled CO preferential oxidation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meltser, Mark A. (Pittsford, NY); Hoch, Martin M. (Webster, NY)

    1997-01-01

    Method for controlling the supply of air to a PROX reactor for the preferential oxidation in the presence of hydrogen wherein the concentration of the hydrogen entering and exiting the PROX reactor is monitored, the difference therebetween correlated to the amount of air needed to minimize such difference, and based thereon the air supply to the PROX reactor adjusted to provide such amount and minimize such difference.

  3. Cockroaches ... Recognition and Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamman, Philip J.; Turney H.A.

    1983-01-01

    increase their general sanitation and con trol efforts. Alternatively, if the apartment manage ment or landlord takes responsibility for cockroach control, he should require all residents to participate in the program. German cockroaches frequently... utility con nections. Insecticide application causes increased cockroach numbers to move out of treated apartments into adjacent units. This is why apartment dwellers may continue to have cockroach problems despite their sanitation efforts...

  4. Stirling engine power control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fraser, James P. (Scotia, NY)

    1983-01-01

    A power control method and apparatus for a Stirling engine including a valved duct connected to the junction of the regenerator and the cooler and running to a bypass chamber connected between the heater and the cylinder. An oscillating zone of demarcation between the hot and cold portions of the working gas is established in the bypass chamber, and the engine pistons and cylinders can run cold.

  5. Controlled CO preferential oxidation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meltser, M.A.; Hoch, M.M.

    1997-06-10

    Method is described for controlling the supply of air to a PROX (PReferential OXidation for CO cleanup) reactor for the preferential oxidation in the presence of hydrogen wherein the concentration of the hydrogen entering and exiting the PROX reactor is monitored, the difference there between correlated to the amount of air needed to minimize such difference, and based thereon the air supply to the PROX reactor adjusted to provide such amount and minimize such difference. 2 figs.

  6. Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentratingPortal Controlling Foaming in

  7. Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentratingPortal Controlling Foaming

  8. Radiological Control Technician Training

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuildingBudget ||Department ofRequest7of 9 Radiological Control

  9. Automated manual transmission controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lawrie, Robert E. (Whitmore Lake, MI); Reed, Jr., Richard G. (Royal Oak, MI); Bernier, David R. (Rochester Hills, MI)

    1999-12-28

    A powertrain system for a hybrid vehicle. The hybrid vehicle includes a heat engine, such as a diesel engine, and an electric machine, which operates as both an electric motor and an alternator, to power the vehicle. The hybrid vehicle also includes a manual-style transmission configured to operate as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver. The engine and the electric machine drive an input shaft which in turn drives an output shaft of the transmission. In addition to driving the transmission, the electric machine regulates the speed of the input shaft in order to synchronize the input shaft during either an upshift or downshift of the transmission by either decreasing or increasing the speed of the input shaft. When decreasing the speed of the input shaft, the electric motor functions as an alternator to produce electrical energy which may be stored by a storage device. Operation of the transmission is controlled by a transmission controller which receives input signals and generates output signals to control shift and clutch motors to effect smooth launch, upshift shifts, and downshifts of the transmission, so that the transmission functions substantially as an automatic transmission from the perspective of the driver, while internally substantially functioning as a manual transmission.

  10. Control Principles of Complex Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yang-Yu

    2015-01-01

    A reflection of our ultimate understanding of a complex system is our ability to control its behavior. Typically, control has multiple prerequisites: It requires an accurate map of the network that governs the interactions between the system's components, a quantitative description of the dynamical laws that govern the temporal behavior of each component, and an ability to influence the state and temporal behavior of a selected subset of the components. With deep roots in nonlinear dynamics and control theory, notions of control and controllability have taken a new life recently in the study of complex networks, inspiring several fundamental questions: What are the control principles of complex systems? How do networks organize themselves to balance control with functionality? To address these here we review recent advances on the controllability and the control of complex networks, exploring the intricate interplay between a system's structure, captured by its network topology, and the dynamical laws that go...

  11. Environmental Control Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-02-10

    Operations and maintenance continued this month at the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI's) Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC). Testing for the Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAP) study was conducted using the Carbon Injection System (the 4.0 MW Spray Dryer Absorber and the Pulse-Jet Fabric Filter). Testing also continued across the B&W/CHX Heat Exchanger this month as the effects of increased particulate loading are being studied. The 1.0 MW Cold-Side Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) unit and the 4.0 MW Pilot Wet Scrubber remained idle this month in a cold-standby mode and were inspected regularly. On September 13, 1996, the ECTC completed an independent test block for a third-party company, Air Purification Inc. (API). For this testing, the ECTC's staff (O&M and Testing) were contracted to conduct performance and validation testing across a new, integrated emissions control device, the Rotorfilter{trademark}. This testing was conducted for a thirty (30) day period simultaneously with the B&W/CHX test block. The HAP testing resumed as this third-party test block was completed. Testing in September at the Electric Power Research Institute's (EPRI's) Environmental Control Technology Center (ECTC) included tests from the Pilot Trace Elements Removal (TER) test block as part of EPRI's overall program to develop control technology options for reduction of trace element emissions. This experimental program investigates mercury removal and mercury speciation under different operating conditions. The 1996 program is being performed on the 4.0 MW wet FGD pilot unit and the spray dryer/pulse jet fabric filter (SDA/PJFF) pilot units. The 1996 Trace Elements Removal (TER) test block is a continuation of the 1995 TER test block and will focus on up to five research areas, depending on experimental results. These areas are: (1) Mercury speciation methods; (2) Effect of FGD system operating variables on mercury removal; (3) Novel methods for elemental mercury control; (4) Catalytic methods for converting elemental mercury to oxidized mercury; and (5) Electrostatic charging of particulate material in the FGD inlet flue gas stream.

  12. Stable Controller Interpolation and Controller Switching for LPV Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, Bryan; Chang, Young Joon

    2010-01-01

    for the system, and Q parameters are calculated such that the original MIMO-PI and H ? controller are recovered at the associated design points, blended by an exponential weighting function. As these controllers were designed using a linearized model, the output.... The interpolated controller retains the abilities of the local controller designs, and is capable of rejecting distur- bances and regulating the lower tank fluid heights to the desired levels at both the nonminimum-phase and minimum-phase design conditions...

  13. Frequency Control Concerns in the North American Electric Power System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirby, B.J.

    2003-03-26

    This paper examines the relationship between system frequency, reliability and markets. It was prompted by the frequency deviations recently experienced at 2200 hours daily but is more generally concerned with the question of what frequency control is necessary. The paper does not provide new information or document new research. Nor is it intended to educate readers concerning power system engineering. Instead, the purpose is to reexamine well known truths concerning the power system and to freshly explore the basic relationship between frequency, reliability and markets: stepping back, if you will, to see if we are collectively missing something. The concern of this paper is with frequency and reliability. Off-nominal frequency can impact reliability and markets efficiency (as we are using the term here) in four ways. It could damage equipment (generation, transmission, or load). It could degrade the quality of the product being delivered to end users (too low and lights would flicker unacceptably, for example). It could result in the collapse of the power system itself (by triggering protective system actions, for example). Or it could result in overloading transmission lines as various generators try to restore system frequency impacting markets efficiency. Often these causes operate in concert. Generator protective systems take action to prevent generator damage, for example, but exacerbate the overall generation/load imbalance. The paper is divided into two sections. The Introduction is followed by a section titled ''A Perspective on Frequency Control'' which addresses the physical requirements of the power system and how market transactions interact with the physical system. The ''Frequency Standards and Control Performance'' section discusses the various NERC and regional reliability council policies that govern utility performance and how these relate to frequency and reliability. Finally, Conclusions are provided.

  14. Exact null controllability of degenerate evolution equations with scalar control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fedorov, Vladimir E; Shklyar, Benzion

    2012-12-31

    Necessary and sufficient conditions for the exact null controllability of a degenerate linear evolution equation with scalar control are obtained. These general results are used to examine the exact null controllability of the Dzektser equation in the theory of seepage. Bibliography: 13 titles.

  15. The quantum systems control and the optimal control theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. F. Krotov

    2008-05-22

    Mathematical theory of the quantum systems control is based on some ideas of the optimal control theory. These ideas are developed here as applied to these systems. The results obtained meet the deficiencies in the basis and algorithms of the control synthesis and expand the application of these methods.

  16. CUNY EXPORT CONTROL PROCEDURES 21. Export Control Training and Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Jay

    CUNY EXPORT CONTROL PROCEDURES 21. Export Control Training and Assessment This Section addresses to annual export control training sessions open to faculty and administrators, OVCR makes available ongoing export briefing sessions on an as-needed basis. These sessions are designed to answer specific questions

  17. Molecular Mechanisms of Arabidopsis Resistance to Green Peach Aphid, Myzus Persicae 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lei, Jia Xin

    2014-11-26

    (IAA) and abscisic acid (ABA) show diurnal variation (Novakova et al., 2005). Ethylene (ET) emission in Arabidopsis is under circadian control and peaks at dawn in constant light 14 (Thain et al., 2004). While JA and SA often work... group of sulphur-containing secondary metabolic compounds involved in plant resistance to microbe pathogen and insect herbivores, are regulated by circadian clock. In both cabbage and Arabidopsis, total glucosinolate amounts start to increase at dawn...

  18. MATERIAL CONTROL ACCOUNTING INMM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasty, T.

    2009-06-14

    Since 1996, the Mining and Chemical Combine (MCC - formerly known as K-26), and the United States Department of Energy (DOE) have been cooperating under the cooperative Nuclear Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A) Program between the Russian Federation and the U.S. Governments. Since MCC continues to operate a reactor for steam and electricity production for the site and city of Zheleznogorsk which results in production of the weapons grade plutonium, one of the goals of the MPC&A program is to support implementation of an expanded comprehensive nuclear material control and accounting (MC&A) program. To date MCC has completed upgrades identified in the initial gap analysis and documented in the site MC&A Plan and is implementing additional upgrades identified during an update to the gap analysis. The scope of these upgrades includes implementation of MCC organization structure relating to MC&A, establishing material balance area structure for special nuclear materials (SNM) storage and bulk processing areas, and material control functions including SNM portal monitors at target locations. Material accounting function upgrades include enhancements in the conduct of physical inventories, limit of error inventory difference procedure enhancements, implementation of basic computerized accounting system for four SNM storage areas, implementation of measurement equipment for improved accountability reporting, and both new and revised site-level MC&A procedures. This paper will discuss the implementation of MC&A upgrades at MCC based on the requirements established in the comprehensive MC&A plan developed by the Mining and Chemical Combine as part of the MPC&A Program.

  19. Controlled spontaneous emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jae-Seung Lee; Mary A. Rohrdanz; A. K. Khitrin

    2007-07-03

    The problem of spontaneous emission is studied by a direct computer simulation of the dynamics of a combined system: atom + radiation field. The parameters of the discrete finite model, including up to 20k field oscillators, have been optimized by a comparison with the exact solution for the case when the oscillators have equidistant frequencies and equal coupling constants. Simulation of the effect of multi-pulse sequence of phase kicks and emission by a pair of atoms shows that both the frequency and the linewidth of the emitted spectrum could be controlled.

  20. Thermionic converter temperature controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shaner, Benjamin J. (McMurray, PA); Wolf, Joseph H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Johnson, Robert G. R. (Trafford, PA)

    2001-04-24

    A method and apparatus for controlling the temperature of a thermionic reactor over a wide range of operating power, including a thermionic reactor having a plurality of integral cesium reservoirs, a honeycomb material disposed about the reactor which has a plurality of separated cavities, a solid sheath disposed about the honeycomb material and having an opening therein communicating with the honeycomb material and cavities thereof, and a shell disposed about the sheath for creating a coolant annulus therewith so that the coolant in the annulus may fill the cavities and permit nucleate boiling during the operation of the reactor.

  1. Controlling OSHA PSM documentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Person, J.S. [Warren-Forthought, Inc., Angleton, TX (United States)

    1997-06-01

    At present, most companies in the hazardous materials process industries are knowledgeable in the requirements of the OSHA Process Safety Management (PSM) standard (29 CFR 1910.119), issued in May of 1992. The current question facing many of these companies is no longer ``How does one comply?`` but rather, ``What does one do with all the documentation generated from the OSHA PSM Standard?``. Using an Electronic Performance Support System (EPSS) for delivering and controlling OSHA PSM documentation will be discussed. This paper will address the important components of an EPSS and successful case studies.

  2. Control of Eggplant Yellows. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, S. E. (Sloan Earle)

    1942-01-01

    , L. R. and J. J. Taubenhaus. 1934. Eggplant yellows. Texas Agr. Exp. Sta. Rpt. for 1934:266-267. Ivanoff, S. S. 1939. Eggplant yellows. Texas Agr. Exp. Sta. Rpt. for 1939: 282-283. Ivanoff, S. S. 1942. The nature of eggplant yellows. Phytopath, 32...:lO-11. Janes, M. J. 1937. Eggplant yellows control. Texas Agr. Exp. Sta. Rpt. for 1937:303. Jones. S. E. 1938. Eggplant Yellows. Texas Agr. Exp. Sta. Rpt. for 1938: 262. Jones. S E. 1939. Eggplant yellows. Texas Agr. Exp. Sta. Rpt. for 1939...

  3. Control vectors for splines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosinka, Ji?i; Sabin, Malcolm A.; Dodgson, Neil A.

    2014-09-03

    ), but every control point Pi is associated with a sharpness si. If a non-integer value of sharpness s is required, one can use linear interpolation between the results corresponding to ?s? and ?s?. In the real world, creases on objects are typically semi... vertices present an interesting avenue for future research. It should also be noted that our framework is not limited to sur- faces and subdivision schemes based on quadrilaterals. For exam- ple, in the spirit of Fig. 5, the combination of the approximating...

  4. Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentratingPortal Controlling Foaming in Hydrogen

  5. Control the Present

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAuditsClusterInformationContract Management Princeton Site»Methane andControl

  6. Radiological Control Technician Training

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuildingBudget ||Department ofRequest7of 9 Radiological Control8 of 9

  7. Radiological Control Technician Training

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested PartiesBuildingBudget ||Department ofRequest7of 9 Radiological Control8 of 99

  8. OMB Control No.

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties -DepartmentAvailable forSite |n t787 (02-94) OMB Control No. 1910-0600

  9. OMB Control No.

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties -DepartmentAvailable forSite |n t787 (02-94) OMB Control No.

  10. SLUG CONTROL NEW MEXICO STATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    WASTEWATER SLUG CONTROL PROGRAM NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY Las Cruces, New Mexico ENVIRONMENTAL Mexico State University (NMSU or the University), to develop the following wastewater slug control plan practices, chemical storage, notification procedures and procedures to prevent adverse impact from

  11. Division 1137 property control system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pastor, D.J.

    1982-01-01

    An automated data processing property control system was developed by Mobile and Remote Range Division 1137. This report describes the operation of the system and examines ways of using it in operational planning and control.

  12. Sparse Control of Quantum Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gero Friesecke; Felix Henneke; Karl Kunisch

    2015-07-02

    A new class of cost functionals for optimal control of quantum systems which produces controls which are sparse in frequency and smooth in time is proposed. This is achieved by penalizing a suitable time-frequency representation of the control field, rather than the control field itself, and by employing norms which are of $L^1$ or measure form with respect to frequency but smooth with respect to time. A mathematical framework is developed which yields existence of optimal controls and necessary optimality conditions of the resulting nonsmooth, nonconvex optimization problem. The framework covers the important systems of physical interest, including (infinite-dimensional) Schr\\"odinger dynamics on multiple potential energy surfaces as arising in laser control of chemical reactions. Numerical simulations demonstrate that the optimal controls, unlike those obtained with the usual $L^2$ or $H^1$ costs, concentrate on just a few frequencies, even in the infinite-dimensional case of laser-controlled chemical reactions.

  13. Security Policy: Radio Network Controller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Security Policy: Radio Network Controller Encryption Module Controller (RNC EMC) Cryptographic, 2007 Security Policy: RNC EMC Page 1 of 22 #12;Security Policy: RNC EMC Page 2 of 22 #12;Table...........................................................14 7. IDENTIFICATION AND AUTHENTICATION POLICY

  14. Can fungal biopesticides control malaria? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Matt B; Read, Andrew F

    2007-01-01

    Recent research has raised the prospect of using insect fungal pathogens for the control of vector-borne diseases such as malaria. In the past, microbial control of insect pests in both medical and agricultural sectors ...

  15. Qubit dynamics under alternating controls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aiello, Clarice Demarchi

    2014-01-01

    In this thesis, we discuss two problems of quantum dynamics in the presence of alternating controls. Alternating controls arise in many protocols designed to extend the duration over which a qubit is a useful computational ...

  16. Nuclear power plant control room operator control and monitoring tasks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bovell, C.R.; Beck, M.G. [Concord Associates, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States); Carter, R.J. [Oak Ridge National Labs., TN (United States)

    1998-07-01

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory is conducting a research project the purpose of which is to develop the technical bases for regulatory review criteria for use in evaluating the safety implications of human factors associated with the use of artificial intelligence and expert systems, and with advanced instrumentation and control (I and C) systems in nuclear power plants (NPP). This report documents the results from Task 8 of that project. The primary objectives of the task was to identify the scope and type of control and monitoring tasks now performed by control-room operators. Another purpose was to address the types of controls and safety systems needed to operate the nuclear plant. The final objective of Task 8 was to identify and categorize the type of information and displays/indicators required to monitor the performance of the control and safety systems. This report also discusses state-of-the-art controls and advanced display devices which will be available for use in control-room retrofits and in control room of future plants. The fundamental types of control and monitoring tasks currently conducted by operators can be divided into four classifications: function monitoring tasks, control manipulation tasks, fault diagnostic tasks, and administrative tasks. There are three general types of controls used in today`s NPPs, switches, pushbuttons, and analog controllers. Plant I and C systems include components to achieve a number of safety-related functions: measuring critical plant parameters, controlling critical plant parameters within safety limits, and automatically actuating protective devices if safe limits are exceeded. The types of information monitored by the control-room operators consist of the following parameters: pressure, fluid flow and level, neutron flux, temperature, component status, water chemistry, electrical, and process and area radiation. The basic types of monitoring devices common to nearly all NPP control rooms include: analog meters, graphic recorders, digital displays and counters, light indicators, visual and audio alarms, and cathode-ray tubes.

  17. Gun Violence and Gun Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Mark; Litman, Harry

    2009-01-01

    GUN VIOLENCEAND GUN CONTROL Mark Greenberg and Harry Litman This shortthe title "Rethinking Gun Violence." We welcome comments on

  18. Exercise Controller and Evaluator Manual

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1997-08-21

    This volume details the roles of controllers and evaluators in emergency exercises. Canceled by DOE G 151.1-3.

  19. Method of controlling gene expression

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peters, Norman K. (Berkeley, CA); Frost, John W. (Menlo Park, CA); Long, Sharon R. (Palo Alto, CA)

    1991-12-03

    A method of controlling expression of a DNA segment under the control of a nod gene promoter which comprises administering to a host containing a nod gene promoter an amount sufficient to control expression of the DNA segment of a compound of the formula: ##STR1## in which each R is independently H or OH, is described.

  20. INTELLIGENT CONTROL Panos J. Antsaklis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    learning help intelligent controllers to adapt and learn. Advances in sensors, actuators, computationINTELLIGENT CONTROL by Panos J. Antsaklis Department of Electrical Engineering University of Notre for the Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1997 Intelligent control

  1. Computer Control of Boiler Operation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pareja, G. E.

    1981-01-01

    efficiency has increased over 11%. The control system includes; air flow, fuel flow, pressure and drum level control. Air flow control is achieved through modulation of the F.D. fan inlet vanes. Demand for airflow is produced from a high signal selection...

  2. ENVIRONMENT CANADA SEWER USE CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waste Investigator with Metro Seattle's Water Pollution Control Department and Messrs. B. LeClair, S#12;ENVIRONMENT CANADA SEWER USE CONTROL (FRASER RIVER BASIN & BURRARD INLET DRAINAGE BASIN information and answering questions regarding their respective sewer use control programs. Our appreciation

  3. Model Predictive Control Wind Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Model Predictive Control of Wind Turbines Martin Klauco Kongens Lyngby 2012 IMM-MSc-2012-65 #12;Summary Wind turbines are the biggest part of the green energy industry. Increasing interest control strategies. Control strategy has a significant impact on the wind turbine operation on many levels

  4. UMass Amherst Export Control Seminar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    1 UMass Amherst Export Control Seminar Liz Rodriguez Associate Counsel University of Massachusetts Policy Goals Restrict Exports of Goods and Technology that could Lend a Military Advantage to our;10 Export Send or Take a Controlled Item Outside of the United States Release of Controlled Item

  5. Robot Manipulator Control under Unix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayward, Vincent

    functions included in a library. Manipulator control is thus integrated within the lan- guage in the same94 Robot Manipulator Control under Unix RCCL: A Robot Control "C" Library Vincent Hayward for an easy inte- gration of sensors. The first part of the paper reviews the functional organization ofthe

  6. Quantum control in spintronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Ardavan; G. A. D. Briggs

    2011-02-08

    Superposition and entanglement are uniquely quantum phenomena. Superposition incorporates a phase which contains information surpassing any classical mixture. Entanglement offers correlations between measurements in quantum systems that are stronger than any which would be possible classically. These give quantum computing its spectacular potential, but the implications extend far beyond quantum information processing. Early applications may be found in entanglement enhanced sensing and metrology. Quantum spins in condensed matter offer promising candidates for investigating and exploiting superposition and entanglement, and enormous progress is being made in quantum control of such systems. In GaAs, individual electron spins can be manipulated and measured, and singlet-triplet states can be controlled in double-dot structures. In silicon, individual electron spins can be detected by ionisation of phosphorous donors, and information can be transferred from electron spins to nuclear spins to provide long memory times. Electron and nuclear spins can be manipulated in nitrogen atoms incarcerated in fullerene molecules, which in turn can be assembled in ordered arrays. Spin states of charged nitrogen vacancy centres in diamond can be manipulated and read optically. Collective spin states in a range of materials systems offer scope for holographic storage of information. Conditions are now excellent for implementing superposition and entanglement in spintronic devices, thereby opening up a new era of quantum technologies.

  7. Electric vehicle climate control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dauvergne, J.

    1994-04-01

    EVs have insufficient energy sources for a climatic comfort system. The heat rejection of the drivetrain is dispersed in the vehicle (electric motor, batteries, electronic unit for power control). Its level is generally low (no more than 2-kW peaks) and variable according to the trip profile, with no heat rejection at rest and a maximum during regenerative braking. Nevertheless, it must be used for heating. It is not realistic to have the A/C compressor driven by the electric traction motor: the motor does not operate when the vehicle is at rest, precisely when maximum cooling power is required. The same is true for hybrid vehicles during electric operation. It is necessary to develop solutions that use stored onboard energy either from the traction batteries or specific storage source. In either case, it is necessary to design the climate control system to use the energy efficiently to maximize range and save weight. Heat loss through passenger compartment seals and the walls of the passenger compartment must be limited. Plastic body panes help to reduce heat transfer, and heat gain is minimized with insulating glazing. This article describes technical solutions to solve the problem of passenger thermal comfort. However, the heating and A/C systems of electrically operated vehicles may have marginal performance at extreme outside temperatures.

  8. Achieving Energy Savings with Highly-Controlled Lighting in an Open-Plan Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinstein, Francis

    2010-01-01

    Daily energy density in watt-hours per square foot per daya daily energy use of 13.25 watt-hours per square foot perenergy use is approximately 0.15 watt-hours per square foot

  9. The New York Times headquarters daylighting mockup: Monitored performance of the daylighting control system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Eleanor S.; Selkowitz, Stephen E.

    2006-01-01

    daily area lighting energy savings (%) sun up day of year BA Daily lighting energy use savings (sun up schedule) forarea lighting energy savings (%) L3 Sun up L4 L5 L6 day of

  10. Prerequisites Control Systems, System Modeling, Optimal Control, Model Predictive Control, (Engine Systems).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lygeros, John

    of High Performance Hybrid Race Cars Background The power unit of a high performance hybrid race carPrerequisites Control Systems, System Modeling, Optimal Control, Model Predictive Control, (Engine consists of an internal combustion engine (ICE) and a kinetic energy recovery system (KERS). The time

  11. Alternator control for battery charging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brunstetter, Craig A.; Jaye, John R.; Tallarek, Glen E.; Adams, Joseph B.

    2015-07-14

    In accordance with an aspect of the present disclosure, an electrical system for an automotive vehicle has an electrical generating machine and a battery. A set point voltage, which sets an output voltage of the electrical generating machine, is set by an electronic control unit (ECU). The ECU selects one of a plurality of control modes for controlling the alternator based on an operating state of the vehicle as determined from vehicle operating parameters. The ECU selects a range for the set point voltage based on the selected control mode and then sets the set point voltage within the range based on feedback parameters for that control mode. In an aspect, the control modes include a trickle charge mode and battery charge current is the feedback parameter and the ECU controls the set point voltage within the range to maintain a predetermined battery charge current.

  12. Controlling exhaust gas recirculation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zurlo, James Richard (Madison, WI); Konkle, Kevin Paul (West Bend, WI); May, Andrew (Milwaukee, WI)

    2012-01-31

    In controlling an engine, an amount of an intake charge provided, during operation of the engine, to a combustion chamber of the engine is determined. The intake charge includes an air component, a fuel component and a diluent component. An amount of the air component of the intake charge is determined. An amount of the diluent component of the intake charge is determined utilizing the amount of the intake charge, the amount of the air component and, in some instances, the amount of the fuel component. An amount of a diluent supplied to the intake charge is adjusted based at least in part on the determined amount of diluent component of the intake charge.

  13. Adaptive control for accelerators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Eaton, Lawrie E. (Los Alamos, NM); Jachim, Stephen P. (Los Alamos, NM); Natter, Eckard F. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1991-01-01

    An adaptive feedforward control loop is provided to stabilize accelerator beam loading of the radio frequency field in an accelerator cavity during successive pulses of the beam into the cavity. A digital signal processor enables an adaptive algorithm to generate a feedforward error correcting signal functionally determined by the feedback error obtained by a beam pulse loading the cavity after the previous correcting signal was applied to the cavity. Each cavity feedforward correcting signal is successively stored in the digital processor and modified by the feedback error resulting from its application to generate the next feedforward error correcting signal. A feedforward error correcting signal is generated by the digital processor in advance of the beam pulse to enable a composite correcting signal and the beam pulse to arrive concurrently at the cavity.

  14. NSLS control system upgrade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, J.D.; Ramamoorthy, S.; Tang, Yong N.

    1995-12-31

    The NSLS consists of two storage rings, a booster and a linac. A major upgrade of the control system (installed in 1978) was undertaken and has been completed. The computer architecture is being changed from a three level star-network to a two level distributed system. The microprocessor subsystem, host computer and workstations, communication link and the main software components are being upgraded or replaced. Since the NSLS rings operate twenty four hours a day a year with minimum maintenance time, the key requirement during the upgrade phase is a non-disruptive transition with minimum downtime. Concurrent with the upgrade, some immediate improvements were required. This paper describes the various components of the upgraded system and outlines the future plans.

  15. Increasing the effectiveness of reachback and remote command and control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGee, David R.

    2002-12-02

    Commanders and their staff, when geographically dispersed, continue to choose what they find to be the most effective remote collaboration tools: email and radio messages. Even command and control systems that provide a unified view of the battlefield among remote collaborators are often supplanted by more traditional tools, such as a large paper map (McGee, Cohen & Wu, 2000). Indeed, today's computer interfaces often impose too high a barrier for the capture and delivery of situational assessment (McGee, Cohen, Wesson & Horman, 2002). To compensate, commanders traditionally meet face-to-face at least once daily to debrief each other on the outcome of the day's fight and to coordinate a strategy for the next day's engagement. Each of these meetings presents a risk to commanders, in addition to lost time during travel and various other concerns. Ongoing activity at higher echelons may consist of this activity continuously. At lower echelons, coordination is typically mediated by a radio or other messaging platform. Common to each of these scenarios, the coordination and collaboration is mediated by physical tools, e.g., an up-to-date common operational picture. Much of the promise of collaboration technology, from video-conferencing to realtime collaboration tools, is meant to alleviate the need for face-to-face meetings and improve moment-to-moment coordination. However, these tools fall woefully short of meeting the needs of commanders in the battlefield.

  16. Robustness of Controlled Quantum Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andy Koswara; Raj Chakrabarti

    2014-09-29

    Control of multi-level quantum systems is sensitive to implementation errors in the control field and uncertainties associated with system Hamiltonian parameters. A small variation in the control field spectrum or the system Hamiltonian can cause an otherwise optimal field to deviate from controlling desired quantum state transitions and reaching a particular objective. An accurate analysis of robustness is thus essential in understanding and achieving model-based quantum control, such as in control of chemical reactions based on ab initio or experimental estimates of the molecular Hamiltonian. In this paper, theoretical foundations for quantum control robustness analysis are presented from both a distributional perspective - in terms of moments of the transition amplitude, interferences, and transition probability - and a worst-case perspective. Based on this theory, analytical expressions and a computationally efficient method for determining the robustness of coherently controlled quantum dynamics are derived. The robustness analysis reveals that there generally exists a set of control pathways that are more resistant to destructive interferences in the presence of control field and system parameter uncertainty. These robust pathways interfere and combine to yield a relatively accurate transition amplitude and high transition probability when uncertainty is present.

  17. Performance-driven control theory and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riggs, Daniel J.

    2012-01-01

    Non-Linear Predictive Control: Theory and Practice. IET, UK,M. Morari. Model predictive control: Theory and practice – aModel Predictive Control: Theory and Algorithms. Springer-

  18. Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Yudong

    2012-01-01

    Control for Active and Passive Building Thermal Storage”.Control for Active and Passive Building Thermal StorageControl for Active and Passive Building Thermal Storage

  19. Federspiel Controls’ Data Center Energy Efficient Cooling Control System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-05-31

    Fact sheet about combining artificial intelligence with variable flow control, direct temperature measurement, and best practices that can reduce cooling energy use by up to 50%.

  20. EXPERIMENTAL TEST FACILITY FOR EVALUATION OF CONTROLS AND CONTROL STRATEGIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, Mashuri L.

    2013-01-01

    Pseudo collector vs Return boiler V2 Direct heating Supplysensors Flow switches Boiler enable I DORIC 220 data loggercollector, consists of a boiler with a controlled mixing

  1. ELECTRONIC CONTROLLER DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF CONTROL STRATEGIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wahlig, M.

    2011-01-01

    for the heat from solar collectors and for the buildingbalance tests using solar collector and simulator heat inputto test solar control strategies. Collector simulator. A "

  2. Subsurface Contamination Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Y. Yuan

    2001-11-16

    There are two objectives of this report, ''Subsurface Contamination Control''. The first is to provide a technical basis for recommending limiting radioactive contamination levels (LRCL) on the external surfaces of waste packages (WP) for acceptance into the subsurface repository. The second is to provide an evaluation of the magnitude of potential releases from a defective WP and the detectability of the released contents. The technical basis for deriving LRCL has been established in ''Retrieval Equipment and Strategy for Wp on Pallet'' (CRWMS M and O 2000g, 6.3.1). This report updates the derivation by incorporating the latest design information of the subsurface repository for site recommendation. The derived LRCL on the external surface of WPs, therefore, supercede that described in CRWMS M and O 2000g. The derived LRCL represent the average concentrations of contamination on the external surfaces of each WP that must not be exceeded before the WP is to be transported to the subsurface facility for emplacement. The evaluation of potential releases is necessary to control the potential contamination of the subsurface repository and to detect prematurely failed WPs. The detection of failed WPs is required in order to provide reasonable assurance that the integrity of each WP is intact prior to MGR closure. An emplaced WP may become breached due to manufacturing defects or improper weld combined with failure to detect the defect, by corrosion, or by mechanical penetration due to accidents or rockfall conditions. The breached WP may release its gaseous and volatile radionuclide content to the subsurface environment and result in contaminating the subsurface facility. The scope of this analysis is limited to radioactive contaminants resulting from breached WPs during the preclosure period of the subsurface repository. This report: (1) documents a method for deriving LRCL on the external surfaces of WP for acceptance into the subsurface repository; (2) provides a table of derived LRCL for nuclides of radiological importance; (3) Provides an as low as is reasonably achievable (ALARA) evaluation of the derived LRCL by comparing potential onsite and offsite doses to documented ALARA requirements; (4) Provides a method for estimating potential releases from a defective WP; (5) Provides an evaluation of potential radioactive releases from a defective WP that may become airborne and result in contamination of the subsurface facility; and (6) Provides a preliminary analysis of the detectability of a potential WP leak to support the design of an airborne release monitoring system.

  3. Subsurface Contamination Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Y. Yuan

    2001-12-12

    There are two objectives of this report, ''Subsurface Contamination Control''. The first is to provide a technical basis for recommending limiting radioactive contamination levels (LRCL) on the external surfaces of waste packages (WP) for acceptance into the subsurface repository. The second is to provide an evaluation of the magnitude of potential releases from a defective WP and the detectability of the released contents. The technical basis for deriving LRCL has been established in ''Retrieval Equipment and Strategy for Wp on Pallet'' (CRWMS M and O 2000g, 6.3.1). This report updates the derivation by incorporating the latest design information of the subsurface repository for site recommendation. The derived LRCL on the external surface of WPs, therefore, supercede that described in CRWMS M and O 2000g. The derived LRCL represent the average concentrations of contamination on the external surfaces of each WP that must not be exceeded before the WP is to be transported to the subsurface facility for emplacement. The evaluation of potential releases is necessary to control the potential contamination of the subsurface repository and to detect prematurely failed WPs. The detection of failed WPs is required in order to provide reasonable assurance that the integrity of each WP is intact prior to MGR closure. An emplaced WP may become breached due to manufacturing defects or improper weld combined with failure to detect the defect, by corrosion, or by mechanical penetration due to accidents or rockfall conditions. The breached WP may release its gaseous and volatile radionuclide content to the subsurface environment and result in contaminating the subsurface facility. The scope of this analysis is limited to radioactive contaminants resulting from breached WPs during the preclosure period of the subsurface repository. This report: (1) documents a method for deriving LRCL on the external surfaces of WP for acceptance into the subsurface repository; (2) provides a table of derived LRCL for nuclides of radiological importance; (3) Provides an as low as is reasonably achievable (ALARA) evaluation of the derived LRCL by comparing potential onsite and offsite doses to documented ALARA requirements; (4) Provides a method for estimating potential releases from a defective WP; (5) Provides an evaluation of potential radioactive releases from a defective WP that may become airborne and result in contamination of the subsurface facility; and (6) Provides a preliminary analysis of the detectability of a potential WP leak to support the design of an airborne release monitoring system.

  4. Rails Beyond Coal The Impacts of "New Energy" & the Dawning of the Domestic Intermodal Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Themes or "Givens' · Green is here to stay · Oil Prices will remain high (price points at $65, $45, $25's breadbasket · 5 ­ Cyclical recovery - Housing · Other Rail Opportunities exist but in smaller scale? · Continued slow economic growth · Improved cyclical recovery in housing & autos · Shipper capex in chemicals

  5. Discovering and Comparing Topic Hierarchies Dawn Lawrie and W. Bruce Croft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrie, Dawn J.

    information. One can find organizational systems that utilize hierarchies in the Library of Congress, Yahoo, and the personal file cabinet. They have been used as a tool for classification, as in the field of Biology into their generation, hierarchies are very general in order to meet the needs of a large number of users. Let us

  6. Constraining the Astrophysics of the Cosmic Dawn and the Epoch of Reionization with the SKA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mesinger, Andrei; Greig, Bradley; Iliev, Ilian; Mellema, Garrelt; Pritchard, Jonathan; Santos, Mario G

    2015-01-01

    The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) will offer an unprecedented view onto the early Universe, using interferometric observations of the redshifted 21cm line. The 21cm line probes the thermal and ionization state of the cosmic gas, which is governed by the birth and evolution of the first structures in our Universe. Here we show how the evolution of the 21cm signal will allow us to study when the first generations of galaxies appeared, what were their properties, and what was the structure of the intergalactic medium. We highlight qualitative trends which will offer robust insights into the early Universe.

  7. Positioning in geophysics : applications to GPS seismology, airborne gravimetry, and the Dawn Spacecraft at Vesta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Centinello, Frank Joseph, III

    2015-01-01

    This dissertation presents improvements made on position estimation techniques applied to seismology, airborne gravimetry and planetary gravity recovery. In Chapters 2 and 3, a smoothed ionospheric model computed using GPS ...

  8. 23 DECEMBER 2011 VOL 334 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org1616 Dawn spacecraft scientists probing Vesta's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Benjamin P.

    slightly more sensitive to added green- house gases than AR4 models were, Tebaldi said at the meeting. The two sets of models predict "very similar" geographic patterns of future warming and changing, the ranges are very similar," she said. Modeling of other consequences of global warming is still in its

  9. Cosmic Dawn: Studies of the Earliest Galaxies and Their Role in Cosmic Reionization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Richard S

    2014-01-01

    I review recent progress and challenges in studies of the earliest galaxies, seen when the Universe was less than 1 billion years old. Can they be used as reliable tracers of the physics of cosmic reionization thereby complementing other, more direct, probes of the evolving neutrality of the intergalactic medium? Were star-forming galaxies the primary agent in the reionization process and what are the future prospects for identifying the earliest systems devoid of chemical enrichment? Ambitious future facilities are under construction for exploring galaxies and the intergalactic medium in the redshift range 6 to 20, corresponding to what we now consider the heart of the reionization era. I review what we can infer about this period from current observations and in the near-future with existing facilities, and conclude with a list of key issues where future work is required.

  10. A molecular dawn for biogeochemistry Donald R. Zak1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    . Waldrop1,3 1 School of Natural Resources & Environment, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, regional and global scales [1,2], knowledge that lies at the heart of efforts to reduce greenhouse gas the biogeochemical cycling of carbon, nitrogen and sulfur across a range of spatial scales [4]. Microorganisms

  11. A basin redox transect at the dawn of animal life Erik A. Sperling a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that captures the inferred origin and early evolution of animals. Iron-based redox proxies, redox-sensitive trace elements, organic carbon percentages and pyrite sulfur isotopes were analyzed in seven

  12. SDSS Standard Star Catalog for Stripe 82: the Dawn of Industrial 1% Optical Photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeljko Ivezic; J. Allyn Smith; Gajus Miknaitis; Huan Lin; Douglas Tucker

    2007-03-07

    We describe a standard star catalog constructed using multiple SDSS photometric observations (at least four per band, with a median of ten) in the $ugriz$ system. The catalog includes 1.01 million non-variable unresolved objects from the equatorial stripe 82 ($|\\delta_{J2000}|<$ 1.266$^\\circ$) in the RA range 20h 34m to 4h 00m, and with the corresponding $r$ band (approximately Johnson V band) magnitudes in the range 14--22. The distributions of measurements for individual sources demonstrate that the photometric pipeline correctly estimates random photometric errors, which are below 0.01 mag for stars brighter than (19.5, 20.5, 20.5, 20, 18.5) in $ugriz$, respectively (about twice as good as for individual SDSS runs). Several independent tests of the internal consistency suggest that the spatial variation of photometric zeropoints is not larger than $\\sim$0.01 mag (rms). In addition to being the largest available dataset with optical photometry internally consistent at the $\\sim$1% level, this catalog provides practical definition of the SDSS photometric system. Using this catalog, we show that photometric zeropoints for SDSS observing runs can be calibrated within nominal uncertainty of 2% even for data obtained through 1 mag thick clouds, and demonstrate the existence of He and H white dwarf sequences using photometric data alone. Based on the properties of this catalog, we conclude that upcoming large-scale optical surveys such as the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope will be capable of delivering robust 1% photometry for billions of sources.

  13. CP-1 Anniversary: Nuclear Pioneers Remember the Dawn of the Nuclear Age |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B LReports from the CloudGEGR-N Goods PO 1COOP NO.Argonne National

  14. COLLOQUIUM: Dawn, the Asteroid Redirect Mission, and the Future of Solar

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &Bradbury ScienceComplexPlasma PhysicsElectric Propulsion |

  15. Superconductivity at Dawn of the Iron Age (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding access toSmallTechnicalSheldon GlashowSciTech

  16. Superconductivity at Dawn of the Iron Age (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)Feedback System inStatusand carbon structures (Journal Article)

  17. Superconductivity at Dawn of the Iron Age (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail. (Conference)Feedback System inStatusand carbon structures (Journal

  18. PRODUCTION TEAM Team Leader: Julia C. White Publication Director: Dawn Levy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEYI/O Streams forOrhanTheoretical Methods for2016JuneRELEASE

  19. Lab Breakthrough: Exploring Matter at the Dawn of Time | Department of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResource andfirstDevice UW MadisonofFlexibleDepartment

  20. Integrated control system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, Paul Sai Keat; Baldwin, Darryl; Kim, Myoungjin

    2013-10-29

    An integrated control system for use with an engine connected to a generator providing electrical power to a switchgear is disclosed. The engine receives gas produced by a gasifier. The control system includes an electronic controller associated with the gasifier, engine, generator, and switchgear. A gas flow sensor monitors a gas flow from the gasifier to the engine through an engine gas control valve and provides a gas flow signal to the electronic controller. A gas oversupply sensor monitors a gas oversupply from the gasifier and provides an oversupply signal indicative of gas not provided to the engine. A power output sensor monitors a power output of the switchgear and provide a power output signal. The electronic controller changes gas production of the gasifier and the power output rating of the switchgear based on the gas flow signal, the oversupply signal, and the power output signal.

  1. Diamond turning machine controller implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrard, K.P.; Taylor, L.W.; Knight, B.F.; Fornaro, R.J.

    1988-12-01

    The standard controller for a Pnuemo ASG 2500 Diamond Turning Machine, an Allen Bradley 8200, has been replaced with a custom high-performance design. This controller consists of four major components. Axis position feedback information is provided by a Zygo Axiom 2/20 laser interferometer with 0.1 micro-inch resolution. Hardware interface logic couples the computers digital and analog I/O channels to the diamond turning machine`s analog motor controllers, the laser interferometer, and other machine status and control information. It also provides front panel switches for operator override of the computer controller and implement the emergency stop sequence. The remaining two components, the control computer hardware and software, are discussed in detail below.

  2. Digitally controlled distributed phase shifter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hietala, V.M.; Kravitz, S.H.; Vawter, G.A.

    1993-08-17

    A digitally controlled distributed phase shifter is comprised of N phase shifters. Digital control is achieved by using N binary length-weighted electrodes located on the top surface of a waveguide. A control terminal is attached to each electrode thereby allowing the application of a control signal. The control signal is either one or two discrete bias voltages. The application of the discrete bias voltages changes the modal index of a portion of the waveguide that corresponds to a length of the electrode to which the bias voltage is applied, thereby causing the phase to change through the underlying portion of the waveguide. The digitally controlled distributed phase shift network has a total phase shift comprised of the sum of the individual phase shifters.

  3. Controlling landfill closure costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Millspaugh, M.P.; Ammerman, T.A. [Spectra Engineering, Latham, NY (United States)

    1995-05-01

    Landfill closure projects are significant undertakings typically costing well over $100,000/acre. Innovative designs, use of alternative grading and cover materials, and strong project management will substantially reduce the financial impact of a landfill closure project. This paper examines and evaluates the various elements of landfill closure projects and presents various measures which can be employed to reduce costs. Control measures evaluated include: the beneficial utilization of alternative materials such as coal ash, cement kiln dust, paper mill by-product, construction surplus soils, construction debris, and waste water treatment sludge; the appropriate application of Mandate Relief Variances to municipal landfill closures for reduced cover system requirements and reduced long-term post closure monitoring requirements; equivalent design opportunities; procurement of consulting and contractor services to maximize project value; long-term monitoring strategies; and grant loan programs. An analysis of closure costs under differing assumed closure designs based upon recently obtained bid data in New York State, is also provided as a means for presenting the potential savings which can be realized.

  4. Integrating preconcentrator heat controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bouchier, Francis A. (Albuquerque, NM); Arakaki, Lester H. (Edgewood, NM); Varley, Eric S. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-10-16

    A method and apparatus for controlling the electric resistance heating of a metallic chemical preconcentrator screen, for example, used in portable trace explosives detectors. The length of the heating time-period is automatically adjusted to compensate for any changes in the voltage driving the heating current across the screen, for example, due to gradual discharge or aging of a battery. The total deposited energy in the screen is proportional to the integral over time of the square of the voltage drop across the screen. Since the net temperature rise, .DELTA.T.sub.s, of the screen, from beginning to end of the heating pulse, is proportional to the total amount of heat energy deposited in the screen during the heating pulse, then this integral can be calculated in real-time and used to terminate the heating current when a pre-set target value has been reached; thereby providing a consistent and reliable screen temperature rise, .DELTA.T.sub.s, from pulse-to-pulse.

  5. Pump control system for windmills

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Avery, Don E. (45-437 Akimala St., Honolulu, HI 96744)

    1983-01-01

    A windmill control system having lever means, for varying length of stroke of the pump piston, and a control means, responsive to the velocity of the wind to operate the lever means to vary the length of stroke and hence the effective displacement of the pump in accordance with available wind energy, with the control means having a sensing member separate from the windmill disposed in the wind and displaceable thereby in accordance with wind velocity.

  6. A novel microsatellite control system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moore, K.R.; Frigo, J.R.; Tilden, M.W.

    1998-02-01

    The authors are researching extremely simple yet quite capable analog pulse-coded neural networks for ``smaller-faster-cheaper`` spacecraft attitude and control systems. The will demonstrate a prototype microsatellite that uses their novel control method to autonomously stabilize itself in the ambient magnetic field and point itself at the brightest available light source. Though still in design infancy, the ``Nervous Net`` controllers described could allow for space missions not currently possible given conventional satellite hardware. Result, prospects and details are presented.

  7. Controlled Substances Program I. PROCEDURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aluwihare, Lihini

    , UCSD Medical Center, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and Elliot Field. Additional registrations Medical Center, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and Elliot Field 3) the manufacture of controlled

  8. Pollution Control Facilities (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For the purpose of this legislation, pollution control facilities are defined as any facilities designed for the elimination, mitigation or prevention of air or water pollution, including all...

  9. Baseline Control Measures.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Individual Permit Baseline Control Measures at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Poster, Individual Permit for Storm Water, NPDES Permit No. NM0030759 Author(s): Veenis, Steven J....

  10. Nuclear Materials Control and Accountability

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    June 2011 DOE STANDARD Nuclear Materials Control and Accountability U.S. Department of Energy AREA SANS Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public...

  11. Nuclear Materials Control and Accountability

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    CHANGE NOTICE NO.1 AUGUST 2011 DOE STANDARD NUCLEAR MATERIALS CONTROL AND ACCOUNTABILITY U.S. Department of Energy AREA SANS Washington,...

  12. Classified Matter Protection and Control

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1995-09-26

    Provides detailed requirements to supplement DOE O 471.2, which establishes policy for the protection and control of classified and unclassified information. Does not cancel other directives.

  13. Incorporating Control Performance Tuning into Economic Model Predictive Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olanrewaju, Olumuyiwa I.; Maciejowski, Jan M.

    2015-01-01

    [1] A. Singh, J. Forbes, P. Vermeer, and S. Woo, “Model-based real-time optimization of automotive gasoline blending operations,” Journal of Process Control, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 43 – 58, 2000. [2] A. Toumi and S. Engell, “Optimization-based control...

  14. Controlling Data in the Cloud: Outsourcing Computation without Outsourcing Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Elaine

    Controlling Data in the Cloud: Outsourcing Computation without Outsourcing Control Richard Chow.fujitsu.com ABSTRACT Cloud computing is clearly one of today's most enticing technology areas due, at least in part, there are significant, persistent concerns about cloud computing that are impeding momentum and will eventually

  15. Controlled temperature, controlled flowrate FutureChemistry April 2013 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    to be low yielded or difficult to control. This paper describes 1) the synthesis of methyl orange cell CH1 CH2 CH3 MFCSTM (Pressure control) Fluiwell (Pressurized reservoirs) NaOH N S OO OH N Cl NS O O colored water and solution B contains hydrophobic oil. When the oil contacts the water layer

  16. Laboratory QualityLaboratory Quality ControlControl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laboratory QualityLaboratory Quality ControlControl Nabil A. NIMER Dept . Biotechnology & Genetic thatQA is defined as the overall program that ensures that the final results reported by the laboratory areensures that the final results reported by the laboratory are correct.correct. ""The aim of quality

  17. Quantum control theory and applications: A survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daoyi Dong; Ian R Petersen

    2011-01-10

    This paper presents a survey on quantum control theory and applications from a control systems perspective. Some of the basic concepts and main developments (including open-loop control and closed-loop control) in quantum control theory are reviewed. In the area of open-loop quantum control, the paper surveys the notion of controllability for quantum systems and presents several control design strategies including optimal control, Lyapunov-based methodologies, variable structure control and quantum incoherent control. In the area of closed-loop quantum control, the paper reviews closed-loop learning control and several important issues related to quantum feedback control including quantum filtering, feedback stabilization, LQG control and robust quantum control.

  18. Quality control and statistical process control for nuclear analytical measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seymour, R.; Sergent, F.; Clark, W.H.C.; Gleason, G.

    1993-12-31

    The same driving forces that are making businesses examine quality control of manufacturing processes are making laboratories reevaluate their quality control programs. Increased regulation (accountability), global competitiveness (profitability), and potential for litigation (defensibility) are the principal driving forces behind the development and implementation of QA/QC programs in the nuclear analytical laboratory. Both manufacturing and scientific quality control can use identical statistical methods, albeit with some differences in the treatment of the measured data. Today, the approaches to QC programs are quite different for most analytical laboratories as compared with manufacturing sciences. This is unfortunate because the statistical process control methods are directly applicable to measurement processes. It is shown that statistical process control methods can provide many benefits for laboratory QC data treatment.

  19. DOE standard: Radiological control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1999-07-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has developed this Standard to assist line managers in meeting their responsibilities for implementing occupational radiological control programs. DOE has established regulatory requirements for occupational radiation protection in Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 835 (10 CFR 835), ``Occupational Radiation Protection``. Failure to comply with these requirements may lead to appropriate enforcement actions as authorized under the Price Anderson Act Amendments (PAAA). While this Standard does not establish requirements, it does restate, paraphrase, or cite many (but not all) of the requirements of 10 CFR 835 and related documents (e.g., occupational safety and health, hazardous materials transportation, and environmental protection standards). Because of the wide range of activities undertaken by DOE and the varying requirements affecting these activities, DOE does not believe that it would be practical or useful to identify and reproduce the entire range of health and safety requirements in this Standard and therefore has not done so. In all cases, DOE cautions the user to review any underlying regulatory and contractual requirements and the primary guidance documents in their original context to ensure that the site program is adequate to ensure continuing compliance with the applicable requirements. To assist its operating entities in achieving and maintaining compliance with the requirements of 10 CFR 835, DOE has established its primary regulatory guidance in the DOE G 441.1 series of Guides. This Standard supplements the DOE G 441.1 series of Guides and serves as a secondary source of guidance for achieving compliance with 10 CFR 835.

  20. Jefferson Lab Project Control System Manual

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Project Control System Manual Technical Engineering Development Facility (TEDF) Utilities Infrastructure Modernization (UIM) Office of Project Management Project Control...

  1. Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project 2009 DOE...

  2. Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project Solicitation Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Project...

  3. An engineering approach to systems & control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    , sensing and control. Global chassis control, fault tolerant drive-by-wire systems and smart energy managem

  4. Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships: Advanced Lighting Controls...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships: Advanced Lighting Controls Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships: Advanced Lighting Controls Credit: Northeast Energy Efficiency...

  5. RESIDENTIAL THERMOSTATS: COMFORT CONTROLS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, Alan K.

    2008-01-01

    Control. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, Vol. 7, pp. 53-Control. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, Vol. 7, pp. 53-

  6. Control Theory of Digitally Networked Dynamic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knobloch,Jürgen

    Control Theory of Digitally Networked Dynamic Systems #12;Jan Lunze Editor Control Theory control technology for mobile objects. Due to this flexibility, a new challenge for control theory about networked control systems as a new area of control theory. This book gives a concise introduc

  7. A Fuzzy Feed-Forward/Feedback Control System for a Three-Phase Oil Field Centrifuge.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parkinson, W. J. ,; Smith, R. E.; Mortensen, F. N.; Wantuck, P. J.; Ross, Timothy J.; Jamshidi, Mohammad; Miller, N.

    2002-01-01

    A set of fuzzy controllers was designed and applied to a commercial three-phase oil field centrifuge. This centrifuge is essentially a one of a kind unit. It is used to recover oil from tank bottoms and oil field and/or refinery sludge. It is unique because it can separate oily emulsions into three separate phases, oil, water, and solids, in one operation. The centrifuge is a large but portable device. It is moved form site to site and is used to separate a large variety of waste emulsions. The centrifuge feedstock varies significantly from site to site and often varies significantly during the daily operation. In this application, fuzzy logic was used on a class of problems not easily solved by classical control techniques. The oil field centrifuge is a highly nonlinear system, with a time varying input. We have been unable to develop a physical-mathematical model of the portion of the centrifuge operation that actually separates the oil, water, and solids. For this portion of the operation we developed a fuzzy feedback control system that modeled a skilled operator's knowledge and actions as opposed to the physical model of the centrifuge itself. Because of the variable feed we had to develop a feed-forward controller that would sense and react to feed changes prior to the time that the actual change reached the centrifuge separation unit. This portion of the control system was also a fuzzy controller designed around the knowledge of a skilled operator. In addition to the combined feed-forward and feedback control systems, we developed a soft-sensor that was used to determine the value of variables needed for the feed-forward control system. These variables could not actually be measured but were calculated from the measurement of other variables. The soft-sensor was developed with a combination of a physical model of the feed system and a skilled operator's expert knowledge. Finally the entire control system is tied together with a fuzzy-SPC (Statistical Process Control) filter, used to filter process and instrument noise and a fuzzy conflict resolution code used to keep the feed-forward and feedback control systems working well together.

  8. World's Fastest Network Controller --in Haskell Andi Voellmy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Switch Data plane Switch Controller data Control API data Sotware-Defined Network Control Programs Andi

  9. Observations & Thoughts on Controller Assessment &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Thomas J.

    & Assessment Design & interpretation of monitoring & assessment methods cannot be divorced from processObservations & Thoughts on Controller Assessment & Performance Monitoring T.J. Harris Queen's University harrist@post.queensu.ca Control Systems 2004 #12;Acknowledge Contributions of NSERC Imperial Oil

  10. Cybersecurity Framework AccessControl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cybersecurity Framework AccessControl Policy Machine Cloud Computing Cryptography Evaluation Guidelines Standards Systems SecurityPractices Critical Infrastructure Verification Security Controls Assets-170 Computer Security Division 2013 Annual Report #12;#12;NIST Special Publication 800-170 Computer Security

  11. Virtual Control Systems Environment (VCSE)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Atkins, Will

    2014-02-26

    Will Atkins, a Sandia National Laboratories computer engineer discusses cybersecurity research work for process control systems. Will explains his work on the Virtual Control Systems Environment project to develop a modeling and simulation framework of the U.S. electric grid in order to study and mitigate possible cyberattacks on infrastructure.

  12. Export Control Overview and Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Marcelo A.

    Export Control Overview and Update Marci Copeland, Export Control Officer #12;US Export Laws #12 items including equipment, materials, software & technology is export restricted Licensing can impact research timeline Certain imports/exports may be detained or seized by Customs in the US or in other

  13. Parallel HSL port Control Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glück, Olivier

    Parallel HSL port FastHSL board HSL links Ethernet Control Network Node 1 PC mother board PCI Bus PCI-DDC Rcube PC mother board Node 3 PCI-DDC Rcube Node 2 PC mother board PCI-DDC Rcube THE MPC is the HSL network router, and PCI-DDC the network controller implementing the Direct Deposit State Less

  14. Virtual Control Systems Environment (VCSE)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atkins, Will

    2012-10-08

    Will Atkins, a Sandia National Laboratories computer engineer discusses cybersecurity research work for process control systems. Will explains his work on the Virtual Control Systems Environment project to develop a modeling and simulation framework of the U.S. electric grid in order to study and mitigate possible cyberattacks on infrastructure.

  15. Insect Controls for Organic Gardeners. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Kenneth R.; Turney, H.A.

    1979-01-01

    ................................................................... 9 Acknowledgments ...................................................... 10 References ............................................................. 10 INSECT CONTROLS FOR ORGANIC GARDENERS Kenneth R. Lewis and H. A. Turney* Interest in organic... gardening has increased in recent years. Organic gardening means enriching the garden soil with natural products (mulches, composts and animal manures) and controlling insects, diseases and weeds with cultural, mechanical and biological methods rather...

  16. Reactor control rod timing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wu, Peter T. K. (Clifton Park, NY)

    1982-01-01

    A fluid driven jet-edge whistle timing system for control rods of a nuclear reactor for producing real-time detection of the timing of each control rod in its scram operation. An important parameter in reactor safety, particularly for liquid metal fast breeder reactors (LMFBR), is the time deviation between the time the control rod is released and the time the rod actually reaches the down position. The whistle has a nearly pure tone signal with center frequency (above 100 kHz) far above the frequency band in which the energy of the background noise is concentrated. Each control rod can be fitted with a whistle with a different frequency so that there is no ambiguity in differentiating the signal from each control rod.

  17. SOWFA + Super Controller User's Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fleming, P.; Gebraad, P.; Churchfield, M.; Lee, S.; Johnson, K.; Michalakes, J.; van Wingerden, J. W.; Moriarty, P.

    2013-08-01

    SOWFA + Super Controller is a modification of the NREL's SOWFA tool which allows for a user to apply multiturbine or centralized wind plant control algorithms within the high-fidelity SOWFA simulation environment. The tool is currently a branch of the main SOWFA program, but will one day will be merged into a single version. This manual introduces the tool and provides examples such that a user can implement their own super controller and set up and run simulations. The manual only discusses enough about SOWFA itself to allow for the customization of controllers and running of simulations, and details of SOWFA itself are reported elsewhere Churchfield and Lee (2013); Churchfield et al. (2012). SOWFA + Super Controller, and this manual, are in alpha mode.

  18. Reactor control rod timing system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, P.T.

    1982-02-09

    A fluid driven jet-edge whistle timing system for control rods of a nuclear reactor for producing real-time detection of the timing of each control rod in its scram operation. An important parameter in reactor safety, particularly for liquid metal fast breeder reactors (LMFBR), is the time deviation between the time the control rod is released and the time the rod actually reaches the down position. The whistle has a nearly pure tone signal with center frequency (Above 100 kHz) far above the frequency band in which the energy of the background noise is concentrated. Each control rod can be fitted with a whistle with a different frequency so that there is no ambiguity in differentiating the signal from each control rod.

  19. I/O impedance controller

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ruesch, Rodney; Jenkins, Philip N.; Ma, Nan

    2004-03-09

    There is disclosed apparatus and apparatus for impedance control to provide for controlling the impedance of a communication circuit using an all-digital impedance control circuit wherein one or more control bits are used to tune the output impedance. In one example embodiment, the impedance control circuit is fabricated using circuit components found in a standard macro library of a computer aided design system. According to another example embodiment, there is provided a control for an output driver on an integrated circuit ("IC") device to provide for forming a resistor divider network with the output driver and a resistor off the IC device so that the divider network produces an output voltage, comparing the output voltage of the divider network with a reference voltage, and adjusting the output impedance of the output driver to attempt to match the output voltage of the divider network and the reference voltage. Also disclosed is over-sampling the divider network voltage, storing the results of the over sampling, repeating the over-sampling and storing, averaging the results of multiple over sampling operations, controlling the impedance with a plurality of bits forming a word, and updating the value of the word by only one least significant bit at a time.

  20. A fuzzy logic controller for autonomous vehicle control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vinson, Yale Patrick

    1995-01-01

    This thesis presents a feasibility study for the use of fuzzy logic control to solve the autonomous vehicle following problem. After developing the original vehicle following system, the applicability of fuzzy logic to the problem is demonstrated...

  1. EXPERIMENTAL TEST FACILITY FOR EVALUATION OF CONTROLS AND CONTROL STRATEGIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, Mashuri L.

    2013-01-01

    a solar heat input simulator, a 3000 gallon storage tank, aSupply Storage tank heater AUX gure 5. Solar trols FacilitySOLAR CONTROLS COLLECTOR LOOP Pseudo collector boiler Direct heating Supply PV1 Storage

  2. Control of powdery mildew on pumpkin leaves: 2008 field trial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janousek, Christopher N; Su, Hai; Gubler, Douglas

    2009-01-01

    Unsprayed, water drenched control Water control (spray only)Unsprayed, water drenched control Water control (spray only)water drenched and water-sprayed controls. Biological and

  3. NIST Special Publication 800-82 Guide to Industrial Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Systems, Distributed Control Systems (DCS), and Other Control Systems (ICS) Security Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems, Distributed Control

  4. The Daily Overgeneration Management Protocol Retrospective

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    20 0 0 3057 58 228 2000 124 HE02 0 1126 6 0 2766 77 227 2000 112 HE03 0 1113 298 0 2251 57 210 2000 122 HE04 0 1115 290 0 2087 57 201 2000 85 HE05 0 1109 59 0 1990 60 328 2000 124...

  5. Daily OMP Retro Templatev2.xls

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 1057 215 0 2620 563 583 1950 239 HE02 3 1055 648 0 2153 388 465 2000 256 HE03 3 1053 602 0 1955 479 526 2000 283 HE04 3 1049 502 0 1998 388 603 2000 237 HE05 3 1040 586 0 1647...

  6. The Daily Overgeneration Management Protocol Retrospective

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    09 6 0 1487 60 417 2000 -142 HE02 4 1105 391 0 1004 81 428 2000 -79 HE03 4 1103 314 0 755 58 523 2000 28 HE04 4 1116 491 0 554 59 509 2000 22 HE05 4 1107 500 0 551 106 516 2000 5...

  7. Daily Brews and Specialty Coffees Other Drinks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Bacon or Turkey Biscuit add Egg add Cheese $1.65 $3.50 $3.75 Toasted Bagel with Cream Cheese Ham, Bacon, Turkey or Egg Bagel with Cheese Ham, Bacon, or Turkey Bagel with Cheese and Egg $1.95 $3.50 $3.75 Plain Croissant Ham, Bacon, Turkey, or Egg Croissant with Cheese Ham, Bacon, or Turkey *Latte Flavors: Vanilla

  8. Daily life support : building a collective neighborhood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamanaka, Leslie K. (Leslie Kinu)

    1990-01-01

    Do the house forms and residential neighborhoods commonly found in the U.S. accommodate the present needs and lifestyles of the people who live in them? The single-family detached house and multi-family units like the ...

  9. ARRA521 Recovery Act - Project Daily Report

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Unpaid Balance Argonne National Laboratory 79,000,000 79,000,000 79,000,000 0 Brookhaven National Laboratory 70,810,000 70,809,616 70,809,616 0 Energy Technology...

  10. Shanghai Daily wangyong@shanghaidaily.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    high carbon footprint. Note that high-density New York City's carbon emissions per capita are roughly city has yet met all of the challenges of 21st cen- tury -- low-carbon energy, public health

  11. BPA Daily Notice (pbl/products)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O O DBiomassBudget BasicDeliveringOverview:default PProducts

  12. ARRA521 Recovery Act - Project Daily Report

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProvedTravel Travel ThePresidentialofSubsurfacetoDepartmentEnergy

  13. Daily Occurrence Reports | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-in electricLaboratory | version of the1996of EnergyIdahoS . D

  14. ARM - General Changes in Daily Lives

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments? WeDatastreamstps DocumentationAtlanticENAField Participants Campaign Details NewsListGeneral Changes in

  15. TWP-ICE Daily Synoptic Overview

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With LivermoreSustainableDEPARTMENT OFEnergy-8,nTWIST tours TWISTDaily

  16. Energy Assurance Daily | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergyInformation Form Employee Information Form New@ Baltimore|Energy

  17. Subsea control and data acquisition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    This book contains papers presented at the conference on subsea control and data acquisition. The tasks performed by subsea control systems, although fairly straightforward, are dominated by an alien environment and the high costs associated with failure and repair. The evolution of systems design has resulted in a growing confidence in equipment reliability. In the future, however, more searching demands may include active regulation of valves and the use of data for reservoir management purposes. The emphasis of the papers is on technical depth and understanding, with particular attention being paid to the science control and data monitoring in relation to the task of hydrocarbon recovery.

  18. Optimal Control of Quantum Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel J. Egger; Frank K. Wilhelm

    2014-08-26

    Pulses to steer the time evolution of quantum systems can be designed with optimal control theory. In most cases it is the coherent processes that can be controlled and one optimizes the time evolution towards a target unitary process, sometimes also in the presence of non-controllable incoherent processes. Here we show how to extend the GRAPE algorithm in the case where the incoherent processes are controllable and the target time evolution is a non-unitary quantum channel. We perform a gradient search on a fidelity measure based on Choi matrices. We illustrate our algorithm by optimizing a phase qubit measurement pulse. We show how this technique can lead to large measurement contrast close to 99%. We also show, within the validity of our model, that this algorithm can produce short 1.4 ns pulses with 98.2% contrast.

  19. Controlling the Pecan Nut Casebearer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knutson, Allen E.; Ree, Bill

    2005-03-31

    One of the most important nut-infesting pests of pecan is the pecan nut casebearer. This publication describes the casebearer and its seasonal cycle, and offers advice on scouting, trapping, insecticide selection, and biological control....

  20. Pollution Control Act (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Act declares the maintenance of reasonable standards of purity of air and water to be the public policy of the state. The Act authorizes the Department of Health and Environmental Control to...

  1. Louisiana Air Control Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law states regulations for air quality control and states the powers and duties of the secretary of environmental quality. It provides information about permits and licenses, air quality...

  2. Dynamic control of remelting processes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bertram, Lee A. (Dublin, CA); Williamson, Rodney L. (Albuquerque, NM); Melgaard, David K. (Albuquerque, NM); Beaman, Joseph J. (Austin, TX); Evans, David G. (Clinton, NY)

    2000-01-01

    An apparatus and method of controlling a remelting process by providing measured process variable values to a process controller; estimating process variable values using a process model of a remelting process; and outputting estimated process variable values from the process controller. Feedback and feedforward control devices receive the estimated process variable values and adjust inputs to the remelting process. Electrode weight, electrode mass, electrode gap, process current, process voltage, electrode position, electrode temperature, electrode thermal boundary layer thickness, electrode velocity, electrode acceleration, slag temperature, melting efficiency, cooling water temperature, cooling water flow rate, crucible temperature profile, slag skin temperature, and/or drip short events are employed, as are parameters representing physical constraints of electroslag remelting or vacuum arc remelting, as applicable.

  3. Nuclear Material Control and Accountability

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-08-26

    The manual establishes a program for the control and accountability of nuclear materials within the Department of Energy. Cancels: DOE M 474.1-1B DOE M 474.1-2A

  4. Nuclear Material Control and Accountability

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-08-26

    The manual establishes a program for the control and accountability of nuclear materials within the Department of Energy. Chg 1, dated 8-14-06. Canceled by DOE O 474.2.

  5. Advanced gray rod control assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Drudy, Keith J; Carlson, William R; Conner, Michael E; Goldenfield, Mark; Hone, Michael J; Long, Jr., Carroll J; Parkinson, Jerod; Pomirleanu, Radu O

    2013-09-17

    An advanced gray rod control assembly (GRCA) for a nuclear reactor. The GRCA provides controlled insertion of gray rod assemblies into the reactor, thereby controlling the rate of power produced by the reactor and providing reactivity control at full power. Each gray rod assembly includes an elongated tubular member, a primary neutron-absorber disposed within the tubular member said neutron-absorber comprising an absorber material, preferably tungsten, having a 2200 m/s neutron absorption microscopic capture cross-section of from 10 to 30 barns. An internal support tube can be positioned between the primary absorber and the tubular member as a secondary absorber to enhance neutron absorption, absorber depletion, assembly weight, and assembly heat transfer characteristics.

  6. Controlling acid rain : policy issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, James A.

    1983-01-01

    The policy and regulatory ramifications of U.S. acid rain control programs are examined; particularly, the alternative of a receptor-oriented strategy as constrasted to emission-oriented proposals (e.g., the Mitchell bill) ...

  7. Adaptive control of hypersonic vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Travis Eli

    2008-01-01

    The guidance, navigation and control of hypersonic vehicles are highly challenging tasks due to the fact that the dynamics of the airframe, propulsion system and structure are integrated and highly interactive. Such a ...

  8. Coherent control of quantum information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henry, Michael Kevin

    2006-01-01

    Quantum computation requires the ability to efficiently control quantum information in the presence of noise. In this thesis, NMR quantum information processors (QIPs) are used to study noise processes that compromise ...

  9. Information in coordinated system control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Keunmo

    2008-01-01

    and Control’. Limon, D. , Alamo, T. & Camacho, E. F. (Limon, D. , Alvarado, I. , Alamo, T. & Camacho, E. (2005),D. , Gomes da Silva, J. , Alamo, T. & Camacho, E. F. (2003),

  10. Seasonalepisodic control of acid deposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, James A.

    1988-01-01

    This report contains the climatological, technical and economic factors for episodic and seasonal control of emissions in existing power plants. Analyzing a large data set of acid deposition for the years 1982-85, we find ...

  11. Topology based global crowd control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnett, Adam

    2014-11-27

    We propose a method to determine the flow of large crowds of agents in a scene such that it is filled to its capacity with a coordinated, dynamically moving crowd. Our approach provides a focus on cooperative control ...

  12. Building load control and optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xing, Hai-Yun Helen, 1976-

    2004-01-01

    Researchers and practitioners have proposed a variety of solutions to reduce electricity consumption and curtail peak demand. This research focuses on load control by improving the operations in existing building HVAC ...

  13. Computer Control of Unattended Plants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vinson, D. R.; Chatterjee, N.

    1984-01-01

    Providing a cost-effective and reliable computer monitoring, control, and optimization package is a greater challenge for small, unattended plants than for large energy intensive facilities. This paper describes the successful application of a...

  14. Optimal Control of Distillation Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chatterjee, N.; Suchdeo, S. R.

    1984-01-01

    The optimum performance of a distillation system can be evaluated by examining the product purities, the product recoveries, and the system's capability to respond to small or large, expected or unexpected, plant disturbances. An optimal control...

  15. Automotive Power Generation and Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caliskan, Vahe

    This paper describes some new developments in the application of power electronics to automotive power generation and control. A new load-matching technique is introduced that uses a simple switched-mode rectifier to achieve ...

  16. Measurement Control Workshop Instructional Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibbs, Philip; Crawford, Cary; McGinnis, Brent

    2014-04-01

    A workshop to teach the essential elements of an effective nuclear materials control and accountability (MC&A) programs are outlined, along with the modes of Instruction, and the roles and responsibilities of participants in the workshop.

  17. HCCI engine control and optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Killingsworth, Nicholas J.

    2007-01-01

    al, to-cycle control of a dual-fuel HCCI engine. SAE paperreactivity equivalence ratio dual fuel fuel reformer pilotto construct a model of the dual fuel HCCI engine mentioned

  18. Fully Integrated Ballast Controller with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    frequency electronic ballasts are used to provide stable ac drive to a variety of discharge lamps. In many digital phase controller that provides near cycle-by-cycle phase regulation. Benefits and approaches

  19. Nuclear reactor control room construction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lamuro, Robert C. (Pittsburgh, PA); Orr, Richard (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1993-01-01

    A control room 10 for a nuclear plant is disclosed. In the control room, objects 12, 20, 22, 26, 30 are no less than four inches from walls 10.2. A ceiling 32 contains cooling fins 35 that extend downwards toward the floor from metal plates 34. A concrete slab 33 is poured over the plates. Studs 36 are welded to the plates and are encased in the concrete.

  20. Superheat Control: A Hybrid Approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliot, M.S.; Rasmussen, B.P.; Walton, Z.; Bolding, B.

    2009-01-01

    , poorly tuned EEVs can still exhibit undesirable behavior, and frequent valve adjustments raise concerns about device longevity. In this work, we propose a cascaded control approach, which regulates evapo- rator pressure and superheat and is achieved... with a feedback control device that uses a hybrid of mechanical and electronic feedback. Analysis of the fundamental dynamic behavior of evapo- rator superheat motivates this approach, while experimental evaluation of two separate systems demonstrates...