Sample records for dairy farm biogas

  1. H2A Biomethane Model Documentation and a Case Study for Biogas From Dairy Farms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saur, G.; Jalalzadeh, A.

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The new H2A Biomethane model was developed to estimate the levelized cost of biomethane by using the framework of the vetted original H2A models for hydrogen production and delivery. For biomethane production, biogas from sources such as dairy farms and landfills is upgraded by a cleanup process. The model also estimates the cost to compress and transport the product gas via the pipeline to export it to the natural gas grid or any other potential end-use site. Inputs include feed biogas composition and cost, required biomethane quality, cleanup equipment capital and operations and maintenance costs, process electricity usage and costs, and pipeline delivery specifications.

  2. Energy Economics of Farm Biogas in Cold Climates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pillay, Pragasen; Grimberg, Stefan; Powers, Susan E

    2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Anaerobic digestion of farm and dairy waste has been shown to be capital intensive. One way to improve digester economics is to co-digest high-energy substrates together with the dairy manure. Cheese whey for example represents a high-energy substrate that is generated during cheese manufacture. There are currently no quantitative tools available that predict performance of co-digestion farm systems. The goal of this project was to develop a mathematical tool that would (1) predict the impact of co-digestion and (2) determine the best use of the generated biogas for a cheese manufacturing plant. Two models were developed that separately could be used to meet both goals of the project. Given current pricing structures of the most economical use of the generated biogas at the cheese manufacturing plant was as a replacement of fuel oil to generate heat. The developed digester model accurately predicted the performance of 26 farm digesters operating in the North Eastern U.S.

  3. Introduction to biogas production on the farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A number of farmers, ranchers, and engineers received support from the US Department of Energy Appropriate Technology Small Grants Program to design, construct, and demonstrate biogas production systems. Many of these projects generated more than just biogas; grantees' work and results have contributed to a growing body of information about practical applications of this technology. This publication was developed to share some of that information, to answer the basic questions about biogas production, and to lead farmers to more information. Section I introduces biogas and the various components of a biogas production system, discusses the system's benefits and liabilities, and provides a brief checklist to determine if biogas production may be applicable to an individual's particular situation. Section II features descriptions of four biogas projects of various sizes. Section III provides sources of additional information including descriptions of other biogas production projects.

  4. Barriers to Implementing Anaeribic Digestion on Dairy Farms in Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Leonie

    2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    agricultural CH4 emissions, with liquid systems commonly used by the dairy industry contributing up to 74% of this. Anaerobic digestion (AD) is able to reduce emissions from the dairy industry by capturing CH4 emissions released from slurry and forming a biogas...

  5. PRO-DAIRY Alert and Action Statement Water use reporting required for New York State dairy farms that use large quantities of water.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    be difficult to accurately determine water use for many dairy farms. Most farms lack water meters and many have1 PRO-DAIRY Alert and Action Statement Water use reporting required for New York State dairy farms that use large quantities of water. All dairy farms should be aware of this requirement, especially those

  6. Dee Harley: Harley Farms Goat Dairy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    can see how we use our own compost that we make from goathave our own Harley Farms compost, which we have all aroundat the soil that’s all our goat compost, and we’re about to—

  7. Costs, Savings and Financing Bulk Tanks on Texas Dairy Farms.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Donald S.; Stelly, Randall; Parker, Cecil A.

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    \\ BULLETIN 904 MAY 1958 .t(. :a ,s - / cwdh\\@ Costs, Savi~gs;.itd Financing Bulk Tanks on Texas Dairy Farms . ?. I I 1 i I I ! ,:ravings in hauling - 10 cents I \\ \\ 1 \\ savings in hauling - 15 cents -----------____--- 'savings... in hauling - 20 cents Annual production, 1,000 pounds Estimated number of years required for savings from a bulk tank to equal additional costs at different levels of production and savings in hauling costs. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMEN'T STATION R. D...

  8. Entry, Exit, and Farm Size: Assessing an Experiment in Dairy Price Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foltz, Jeremy D.

    Entry, Exit, and Farm Size: Assessing an Experiment in Dairy Price Policy Jeremy D. Foltz* Dept is used to specify two econometric estimations: a random effects probit model of farm entry and exit economic forces in dairy farmer entry and exit decisions? This work's contribution is to explicitly model

  9. Energy Integrated Dairy Farm System in North Dakota

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pratt, G.; Lindley, J.; Hirning, H.; Giles, J.

    1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The EIFS project at North Dakota State University, located at Fargo, North Dakota, is an effort to show how a Northern Great Plains EIFS might be operated. This farm used a combination of energy conservation, energy capture, and energy production. Energy conservation was demonstrated using reduced tillage in a typical cropping system and by using heat reclamation equipment on the ventilation system and the milk cooler in the dairy barn. Energy capture was demonstrated with a solar collector used to preheat ventilation air. Energy production was demonstrated with the construction of an anaerobic digester to produce methane from manure. This manual describes the design, construction, operation, and performance of the EIFS developed at North Dakota State University.

  10. We Energies- Livestock and Dairy Farm Electrical Re-wiring Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Any We Energies dairy farm customer can apply for assistance with a re-wiring project. We Energies would pay the first $1,000 of the project and 50 percent of remaining costs up to a total grant of...

  11. active biogas process: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    wherein biogas is produced and utilized as a cooking fuel by the villagers. The two models studied are the Community Biogas plant established by SUMUL Dairy at Bhintbudrak...

  12. argentinean dairy farms: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University - TxSpace Summary: W) countercurrent fixed bed gasifier was rebuilt to perform gasification studies under quasisteady state conditions using dairy biomass (DB) as...

  13. accidential dairy farm: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University - TxSpace Summary: W) countercurrent fixed bed gasifier was rebuilt to perform gasification studies under quasisteady state conditions using dairy biomass (DB) as...

  14. Economic and financial analyses of a dairy farm facing a relocation problem 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zehnder, Raul Armando

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL ANALYSES OF A DAIRY FARM FACING A RELOCATION PROBLEM A Thesis by RAUL ARMANDO EEHNDER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1983 Major Subject: Agriculture' Economics ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL ANALYSES OF A DAIRY FARM FACING A RELOCATION PROBLEM A Thesis by HAUL ARMANDO ZEHNDER Approved as to style and content by: James M. McGrann Clime R. Harston ar J. n...

  15. Fair Oaks Dairy Farms Cellulosic Ethanol Technology Review Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrew Wold; Robert Divers

    2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    At Fair Oaks Dairy, dried manure solids (''DMS'') are currently used as a low value compost. United Power was engaged to evaluate the feasibility of processing these DMS into ethanol utilizing commercially available cellulosic biofuels conversion platforms. The Fair Oaks Dairy group is transitioning their traditional ''manure to methane'' mesophilic anaerobic digester platform to an integrated bio-refinery centered upon thermophilic digestion. Presently, the Digested Manure Solids (DMS) are used as a low value soil amendment (compost). United Power evaluated the feasibility of processing DMS into higher value ethanol utilizing commercially available cellulosic biofuels conversion platforms. DMS was analyzed and over 100 potential technology providers were reviewed and evaluated. DMS contains enough carbon to be suitable as a biomass feedstock for conversion into ethanol by gasification technology, or as part of a conversion process that would include combined heat and power. In the first process, 100% of the feedstock is converted into ethanol. In the second process, the feedstock is combusted to provide heat to generate electrical power supporting other processes. Of the 100 technology vendors evaluated, a short list of nine technology providers was developed. From this, two vendors were selected as finalists (one was an enzymatic platform and one was a gasification platform). Their selection was based upon the technical feasibility of their systems, engineering expertise, experience in commercial or pilot scale operations, the ability or willingness to integrate the system into the Fair Oaks Biorefinery, the know-how or experience in producing bio-ethanol, and a clear path to commercial development.

  16. biogas for rural communities TD390 Supervised learning: Study report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    0 biogas for rural communities TD390 Supervised learning: Study report Vaibhav Nasery Roll No. 08D highly successful rural biogas models wherein biogas is produced and utilized as a cooking fuel by the villagers. The two models studied are the Community Biogas plant established by SUMUL Dairy at Bhintbudrak

  17. Renewable Combined Heat and Power Dairy Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    horsepower Guascor model SFGLD-560 biogas-fired lean burn internal combustion (IC) engine and generator set bacteria to remove hydrogen sulfide presented in the biogas. Source: Fiscalini Farms Term: March 2011

  18. Economic and financial analyses of a dairy farm facing a relocation problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zehnder, Raul Armando

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    averages $1, 000 per acre. As shown on the map (Fig. 1), the farm is located in the northwestern part of Harris County near Hooks Airport and U. S. Highway 290. This situation brings out other factors contributing to increased land values as Highway 290... will soon become a superhighway; and Hooks Airport, one of the world's most important civil cargo airports, is continuously increasing its operating capacity. In addition, the best possibili- ties for the city of Houston to expand its urban growth lie...

  19. Towards sustainable land stewardship : reframing development in Wisconsin's dairy gateway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finlayson, Ian James, 1974-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Changing economic realities in the dairy industry have profoundly affected the viability of the dairy farming community in Wisconsin. In addition they face mounting local opposition to dairy modernization and expansion, ...

  20. Anaerobic Co-Digestion on Dairies in Washington State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    as food-processing wastes) to increase biogas productivity, improve digester performance, and increase with the manure--a process that has been shown to enhance digester performance and notably increase biogas1 Anaerobic Co-Digestion on Dairies in Washington State The solid waste handling permit exemption W

  1. Greenhouse gas emissions in biogas production systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dittert, Klaus; Senbayram, Mehmet; Wienforth, Babette; Kage, Henning; Muehling, Karl H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from soils amended with biogas waste compared to otherCrutzen et al. 2008). Biogas production from organicamounts of fermentation effluent (biogas waste) remain after

  2. In Thai Binh province, intensification of pig farming is accelerating, due to the policy of liberalization and an increase in living standards, which also

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    remain the implementation of biogas, moving farms and implementing regulations, they could nevertheless priority on the growth of production. Two main measures are pro- moted: the development of biogas systems

  3. Fish farming plays an important role in Thai Binh province. Through the use of subsidies, the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Furthermore, thanks to integrated agriculture, fish farming allows regulation and absorption of most animal one had stopped fish farming after the installation of a biogas digester and the other had not yet

  4. Air Liquide - Biogas & Fuel Cells

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Concept Landfill WWTP digester Biogas membrane Pipeline quality methane CH4 Pipeline Hydrogen Production To Fuel Cell Vehicles Stationary Fuel Cells With H2...

  5. Greenhouse gas emissions in biogas production systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dittert, Klaus; Senbayram, Mehmet; Wienforth, Babette; Kage, Henning; Muehling, Karl H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    biogas waste) remain after fermentation which may serve as valuable nutrient source for agricultural

  6. Managing Manure with Biogas Recovery Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    emissions and capture biogas--a useful source of energy. About Anaerobic Digestion Biogas recovery systems manure in an oxygen-free environment. One of the natural prod- ucts of anaerobic digestion is biogas Digestion Biogas recovery systems are a proven technology. Currently, more than 30 digester systems

  7. Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Summary Report: Proceedings from...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Summary Report: Proceedings from the Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop, Golden, Colorado, June 11-13, 2012 Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Summary Report: Proceedings from the Biogas...

  8. Biomass: Biogas Generator

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find Find MoreTechnical Report: BiomassInnovationBIOGAS

  9. Quebec Biogas Program (Quebec, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2005, the Quebec government adopted a regulation aimed to minimize the impact of biogas from landfills. The Regulation is in respect to landfills and incineration of residual materials,...

  10. Projected integrated farm in Nepal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dhital, K.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A proposed integrated crop-livestock agro-processing complex to be based at Janakpur, Nepal is described. This project was proposed by the Agricultural Development Bank and is a small effort towards creating a self-sufficient rural community similar to one reported in China. The plan of the farm aims to achieve the integration of several agricultural, aquacultural, solar energy and biogas energy components with complete recycling of waste. These include biogas plants with associated slurry and storage tanks for operating a 3-kW generator, a 3.7-kW pump, providing domestic cooking, as well as energy to operate a fruit-processing plant. Energy for water heating, crop drying and refrigeration will be supplied by solar energy. Fish, livestock, fruits and vegetables will be produced by the farm.

  11. Biogas in Nepal--Retrospects and prospects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sood, D.K.

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The tremendous need and potential of biogas in Nepal, supported by a very large cattle population, seems to be primarily limited by manpower and budgetary constraints and poor planning and implementation. Besides cooking and lighting, considerable potential, particularly at the rural level exists for biogas powered agro-processing applications such as rice hulling, oil expelling and flour grinding. Experience has shown that such applications, for which equipment is easily available, can be better served by community Biogas plants. The government of Nepal, with assistance from international organizations such as the Asian Development Bank, is strengthening the Biogas Company and taking other appropriate measures to disseminate and establish biogas on a firm footing.

  12. Simulation of low temperature anaerobic digestion of dairy and swine manure q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the primary biogas component at approximately 10°C. Thus, digestion Bioresource Technology 78 (2001) 127±131 qSimulation of low temperature anaerobic digestion of dairy and swine manure q D.T. Hill *, S performance data from digesters using animal waste in this temperature range have been lacking, thus allowing

  13. BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Alternate Energy Systems, Inc. Natural Gas Air Blenders for BioGas Installations BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities Federal Utility Partnership...

  14. Expanding the Use of Biogas with Fuel Cell Technologies

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Biogas Biogas Very High Efficiency Reduced CO 2 Emissions Reduced Oil Use Reduced Air Pollution Fuel Flexibility * up to 60% (electrical) * up to 70% (electrical, hybrid...

  15. Biogas Technologies and Integration with Fuel Cells

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (150-170 PSIG) * High Pressure Compression * CNG Fueling station (3000 psig) * Absorption Chillers (5-10" w.c.) Alternative Biogas Utilization and Required Clean Up Full...

  16. Team Bug Bag Biogas For Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    Team Bug Bag Biogas For Nicaragua Project Recap The task for Team Bug Bag was to create an anaerobic digester for the area of Tisma, Nicaragua that can be manufactured down in Nicaragua, be produced for under $100 (USD), and be able to produce biogas that could boil water for a thirty minute time period

  17. Biogas Production through the Syntrophic Acetate-Oxidising Pathway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biogas Production through the Syntrophic Acetate-Oxidising Pathway Characterisation and Detection Uppsala 2012 #12;Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae 2012:45 #12;Biogas production through 1.1 Aims of the thesis 12 2 Biogas production 15 2.1 Biogas production in Europe 16 2.2 Substrate

  18. Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery - Masking the Environmental Consequences of Industrial Concentrated Livestock Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Camillo, Nicole G.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery-Masking theII. METHANE DIGESTERS AND BIOGAs RECOVERY- IN THE2011] METHANE DIGESTERS AND BIOGAS RECOVERY methane, and 64%

  19. Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery - Masking the Environmental Consequences of Industrial Concentrated Livestock Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Camillo, Nicole G.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DIGESTERS AND BIOGAS RECOVERY Digesters Do Not Address theMethane Digesters and Biogas Recovery-Masking theII. METHANE DIGESTERS AND BIOGAs RECOVERY- IN THE

  20. Liquid membrane purification of biogas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Majumdar, S.; Guha, A.K.; Lee, Y.T.; Papadopoulos, T.; Khare, S. (Stevens Inst. of Tech., Hoboken, NJ (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering)

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conventional gas purification technologies are highly energy intensive. They are not suitable for economic removal of CO{sub 2} from methane obtained in biogas due to the small scale of gas production. Membrane separation techniques on the other hand are ideally suited for low gas production rate applications due to their modular nature. Although liquid membranes possess a high species permeability and selectivity, they have not been used for industrial applications due to the problems of membrane stability, membrane flooding and poor operational flexibility, etc. A new hollow-fiber-contained liquid membrane (HFCLM) technique has been developed recently. This technique overcomes the shortcomings of the traditional immobilized liquid membrane technology. A new technique uses two sets of hydrophobic, microporous hollow fine fibers, packed tightly in a permeator shell. The inter-fiber space is filled with an aqueous liquid acting as the membrane. The feed gas mixture is separated by selective permeation of a species through the liquid from one fiber set to the other. The second fiber set carries a sweep stream, gas or liquid, or simply the permeated gas stream. The objectives (which were met) of the present investigation were as follows. To study the selective removal of CO{sub 2} from a model biogas mixture containing 40% CO{sub 2} (the rest being N{sub 2} or CH{sub 4}) using a HFCLM permeator under various operating modes that include sweep gas, sweep liquid, vacuum and conventional permeation; to develop a mathematical model for each mode of operation; to build a large-scale purification loop and large-scale permeators for model biogas separation and to show stable performance over a period of one month.

  1. Waste to Energy: Biogas CHP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, R.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fuel to generate electricity, DWU?s Biogas has the potential to reduce the City of Dallas? total grid derived electricity consumption by almost 4% DWU 7% Reduction (30,000,000 kWh/Year) 430,000,000 kWh / Year 60% Reduction (30,000,000 kWh/Year...) 50,000,000 kWh / Year CITY 790,000,000 kWh/Year 4% Reduction (30,000,000 kWh / Year) SOUTHSIDE WWTP Benefits of the Project to the City ? The City will reduce its grid derived electricity needs by approximately 30,000,000 kWh per year...

  2. GWE Biogas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGermanFifeGEXA Corp. (New Jersey) JumpGREETGWE Biogas Jump to:

  3. AGRICULTURE, 2008 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2008 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy Situation and Outlook of Working Lands in Wisconsin · Hired Labor on Wisconsin Dairy Farms Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences University of Wisconsin-Madison Cooperative Extension

  4. Probability of economic success for Netherlands dairy farmers moving operations to the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, Anthony Ray

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    cotton to rice to dairy cattle, which are distributed throughout the country to producers and policy makers alike. FLIPSIM has also been used to analyze policy impacts in many Master?s theses and Ph.D. dissertations on a wide range of topics (e... uncertainty. Houston used the model to analyze farm level impacts of the U.S. House and U.S. Senate versions of the 2002 farm bill proposals on representative rice farms. To simulate a dairy farm, FLIPSIM takes actual producer data from a representative...

  5. Dee Harley: Harley Farms Goat Dairy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the integrity of the buildings were all made so well. There’integrity and be good quality. It’s more about quality now than quantity—well,

  6. 5. oktober 2009 Precision control of biogas plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5. oktober 2009 Precision control of biogas plants Final report Henrik B. Mřller, Anders M. Nielsen: "Precision control of biogas plants", J. Nr. 33031-0028, funded by EUDP 2005. The final report consists. Danish summary of the results: Det har vćret formĺlet at udvikle drift og design af biogas anlćg med

  7. Life Cycle Assessment of Biogas from Separated slurry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Life Cycle Assessment of Biogas from Separated slurry Lorie Hamelin, Marianne Wesnćs and Henrik AND ALTERNATIVES 28 2.2.1 Reference Scenario (Scenario A) 28 2.2.2 Biogas from raw pig slurry and fibre fraction from chemical- mechanical separation (Scenario F) 29 2.2.3 Biogas from raw cow slurry and fibre

  8. Greenhouse gas emissions in biogas production systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dittert, Klaus; Senbayram, Mehmet; Wienforth, Babette; Kage, Henning; Muehling, Karl H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cameron KC. Nitrous oxide emissions from two dairy pastureand land use on N 2 O emissions from an imperfectly drainedoptions for N 2 O emissions from differently managed

  9. Renewable Hydrogen Potential from Biogas in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saur, G.; Milbrandt, A.

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This analysis updates and expands upon previous biogas studies to include total potential and net availability of methane in raw biogas with respect to competing demands and includes a resource assessment of four sources of biogas: (1) wastewater treatment plants, including domestic and a new assessment of industrial sources; (2) landfills; (3) animal manure; and (4) a new assessment of industrial, institutional, and commercial sources. The results of the biogas resource assessment are used to estimate the potential production of renewable hydrogen from biogas as well as the fuel cell electric vehicles that the produced hydrogen might support.

  10. Fuel Cells on Bio-Gas (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Remick, R. J.

    2009-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The conclusions of this presentation are: (1) Fuel cells operating on bio-gas offer a pathway to renewable electricity generation; (2) With federal incentives of $3,500/kW or 30% of the project costs, reasonable payback periods of less than five years can be achieved; (3) Tri-generation of electricity, heat, and hydrogen offers an alternative route to solving the H{sub 2} infrastructure problem facing fuel cell vehicle deployment; and (4) DOE will be promoting bio-gas fuel cells in the future under its Market Transformation Programs.

  11. Down on the farm. An analysis of energy inputs in Tennessee Valley farms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Camp, W.A.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There are 150,159 farms in the 170 power counties of TVA; the largest percentage are in the Central District (26.4%). The majority of the farm operators reside on the farm they operate (101,592 operators or 67.7%). Individual or family-owned farms represent the largest type of farm organization (134,111 farms or 89.3%). Over 71,000 farms use electricity in actual farm production; farm expenses for electricity totaled $37,040,000 in 1982. Approximately 18% of the energy requirements in the American food system is used for actual farm production, while 82% goes for processing, marketing, transporting, and preparing food for consumption. Field crop production in the Tennessee Valley expends the majority of the gasoline (91.4%) and diesel (85.8%) inputs in the farm system. Livestock production consumes the majority of the electricity (89.9%), L.P. gas (70.0%), fuel oil (97.2%), and liquid fuel (99.3%). Dairy cow production is the most energy-intensive production in livestock. It consumes 63.4% of the gasoline, 78.6% of the diesel, 40.5% of the L.P. gas, and 64.5% of the electricity inputs in livestock.

  12. Biogas Potential in the United States (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biogas has received increased attention as an alternative energy source in the United States. The factsheet provides information about the biogas (methane) potential from various sources in the country (by county and state) and estimates the power generation and transportation fuels production (renewable natural gas) potential from these biogas sources. It provides valuable information to the industry, academia and policy makers in support of their future decisions.

  13. Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery - Masking the Environmental Consequences of Industrial Concentrated Livestock Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Camillo, Nicole G.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery-Masking theII. METHANE DIGESTERS AND BIOGAs RECOVERY- IN THEA. Digesters Have Received Attention for Their Potential to

  14. Techno-socio-economic study of bio-gas plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study covers technological, social and economic aspects of the biogas program in Chitawan, Nepal. Many interesting facts are revealed which may be useful for future planning of Nepalese biogas programs. Concerning the social aspects, only big farmers (having more than 4 bighas of land and more than 10 domestic animals) were found to have biogas plants. No farmer who had a biogas plant was illiterate. As for the technical aspects of the total gas ovens used in the area, 66% were of BTI design. Most of the ovens were of 0.45-m/sup 3/ capacity. The life of BTI ovens was found to be shorter than the life of ovens of other companies. BTI ovens are not useful when farmers have to use a big pot for cooking. All farmers of the area were found to be convinced of the utility of the biogas plant. With regard to the economic aspects of using biogas plants, farmers were able to save 53% of the total expenditure which they had been spending for fuel. Wood consumption was reduced to 50% by using biogas. The internal rate of return of a 2.8-m/sup 3/ biogas plant was found to be 14% assuming that the plant would last for 20 years. Most of the farmers in the area did not have biogas plants. The main reason given was that there were not enough capital and cattle to begin such an operation.

  15. anaerobic thermophilic biogas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for Korean food waste with high water contents (>80%). The hydrogen sulfide in the biogas was removed by a biological desulfurization equipment integrated in the horizontal...

  16. anaerobic biogas reactors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for Korean food waste with high water contents (>80%). The hydrogen sulfide in the biogas was removed by a biological desulfurization equipment integrated in the horizontal...

  17. Climate balance of biogas upgrading systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pertl, A., E-mail: andreas.pertl@boku.ac.a [Institute of Waste Management, Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Muthgasse 107, A-1190 Wien (Austria); Mostbauer, P.; Obersteiner, G. [Institute of Waste Management, Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Muthgasse 107, A-1190 Wien (Austria)

    2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the numerous applications of renewable energy is represented by the use of upgraded biogas where needed by feeding into the gas grid. The aim of the present study was to identify an upgrading scenario featuring minimum overall GHG emissions. The study was based on a life-cycle approach taking into account also GHG emissions resulting from plant cultivation to the process of energy conversion. For anaerobic digestion two substrates have been taken into account: (1) agricultural resources and (2) municipal organic waste. The study provides results for four different upgrading technologies including the BABIU (Bottom Ash for Biogas Upgrading) method. As the transport of bottom ash is a critical factor implicated in the BABIU-method, different transport distances and means of conveyance (lorry, train) have been considered. Furthermore, aspects including biogas compression and energy conversion in a combined heat and power plant were assessed. GHG emissions from a conventional energy supply system (natural gas) have been estimated as reference scenario. The main findings obtained underlined how the overall reduction of GHG emissions may be rather limited, for example for an agricultural context in which PSA-scenarios emit only 10% less greenhouse gases than the reference scenario. The BABIU-method constitutes an efficient upgrading method capable of attaining a high reduction of GHG emission by sequestration of CO{sub 2}.

  18. Cash flow analysis: a tool for the dairy farmer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMorrough, Mark D

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -of-business altogether. "3 When you combine lower or no price support with the current economic crisis facing agricultural producers, the outlook for the next few years is bleak. The Governor of Minnesota, Rudy Perpick, stated that the current farm situation "ts... included in this bill would reduce milk price supports over the next three years. A second proposal issued by the Office of Management and Budget would completely terminate the dairy price support program. Without any reduction at all in the dairy price...

  19. Wind Farm

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The wind farm in Greensburg, Kansas, was completed in spring 2010, and consists of ten 1.25 megawatt (MW) wind turbines that supply enough electricity to power every house, business, and municipal...

  20. Biogas Potential on Long Island, New York: A Quantification Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahajan, D.; Patel, S.; Tonjes, D.

    2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Biogas is the product of anaerobic digestion of waste, whether occurring spontaneously in landfills or under controlled conditions in digesters. Biogas is viewed as an important energy source in current efforts to reduce the use of fossil fuels and dependency on imported resources. Several studies on the assessment of biogas potential have been made at regional, national, and global scales. However, because it is not economically feasible to transport biogas feedstock over long distances, it is more appropriate to consider local waste sources for their potential to produce biogas. An assessment of the biogas potential on Long Island, based on the review of local landfills, wastewater treatment plants, solid waste generation and management, and agricultural waste, found that 234 x 10{sup 6} m{sup 3} of methane (CH{sub 4}) from biogas might be harvestable, although substantial barriers for complete exploitation exist. This number is equivalent to 2.52 TW-h of electricity, approximately 12% of fossil fuel power generation on Long Island. This work can serve as a template for other areas to rapidly create or approximate biogas potentials, especially for suburban U.S. locations that are not usually thought of as sources of renewable energy.

  1. Flow Metering and Oxygen Trim Control Reduce Dairy Steam Plant Fuel Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foster, E. L.; Nelson, R. L.

    FLOW METERING AND OXYGEN TRIM CONTROL REDUCE DAIRY STEAM PLANT FUEL COSTS Edward L. Foster, Plant Engineer, Dairy Farm Products, Orrville Ohio Robert L. Nelson, Manager Engineering, Westinghouse Combustion Control DiVision, Orrville, Ohio... boiler loads. A Westinghouse Hagan Ring' Balance integrating flow meter was selected for natural gas flow measurement and Westinghouse Veritrak differential pressure transmitters with remote round chart recorders were selected for steam flow...

  2. Technoeconomic Analysis of Biomethane Production from Biogas and Pipeline Delivery (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jalalzadeh-Azar, A.

    2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation summarizes "A Technoeconomic Analysis of Biomethane Production from Biogas and Pipeline Delivery".

  3. Biogas Opportunities Roadmap | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergyandapproximately 10 wt%in Defense,Biogas Opportunities

  4. Biogas Production Technologies | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergyandapproximately 10 wt%in Defense,Biogas

  5. German Biogas Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/Exploration < Geothermal Jump to:GeprowindGerman Biogas

  6. Biogas Direct LCC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbonof AlternativeBioenergia Brasil S ABiogal CentroBiogas

  7. Biogas Technology Group Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbonof AlternativeBioenergia Brasil S ABiogalBiogas Nord

  8. Fiscalini Farms Biomass Energy Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    William Stringfellow; Mary Kay Camarillo; Jeremy Hanlon; Michael Jue; Chelsea Spier

    2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this final report describes and documents research that was conducted by the Ecological Engineering Research Program (EERP) at the University of the Pacific (Stockton, CA) under subcontract to Fiscalini Farms LP for work under the Assistance Agreement DE-EE0001895 'Measurement and Evaluation of a Dairy Anaerobic Digestion/Power Generation System' from the United States Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory. Fiscalini Farms is operating a 710 kW biomass-energy power plant that uses bio-methane, generated from plant biomass, cheese whey, and cattle manure via mesophilic anaerobic digestion, to produce electricity using an internal combustion engine. The primary objectives of the project were to document baseline conditions for the anaerobic digester and the combined heat and power (CHP) system used for the dairy-based biomass-energy production. The baseline condition of the plant was evaluated in the context of regulatory and economic constraints. In this final report, the operation of the plant between start-up in 2009 and operation in 2010 are documented and an interpretation of the technical data is provided. An economic analysis of the biomass energy system was previously completed (Appendix A) and the results from that study are discussed briefly in this report. Results from the start-up and first year of operation indicate that mesophilic anaerobic digestion of agricultural biomass, combined with an internal combustion engine, is a reliable source of alternative electrical production. A major advantage of biomass energy facilities located on dairy farms appears to be their inherent stability and ability to produce a consistent, 24 hour supply of electricity. However, technical analysis indicated that the Fiscalini Farms system was operating below capacity and that economic sustainability would be improved by increasing loading of feedstocks to the digester. Additional operational modifications, such as increased utilization of waste heat and better documentation of potential of carbon credits, would also improve the economic outlook. Analysis of baseline operational conditions indicated that a reduction in methane emissions and other greenhouse gas savings resulted from implementation of the project. The project results indicate that using anaerobic digestion to produce bio-methane from agricultural biomass is a promising source of electricity, but that significant challenges need to be addressed before dairy-based biomass energy production can be fully integrated into an alternative energy economy. The biomass energy facility was found to be operating undercapacity. Economic analysis indicated a positive economic sustainability, even at the reduced power production levels demonstrated during the baseline period. However, increasing methane generation capacity (via the importation of biomass codigestate) will be critical for increasing electricity output and improving the long-term economic sustainability of the operation. Dairy-based biomass energy plants are operating under strict environmental regulations applicable to both power-production and confined animal facilities and novel approached are being applied to maintain minimal environmental impacts. The use of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) for nitrous oxide control and a biological hydrogen sulfide control system were tested at this facility. Results from this study suggest that biomass energy systems can be compliant with reasonable scientifically based air and water pollution control regulations. The most significant challenge for the development of biomass energy as a viable component of power production on a regional scale is likely to be the availability of energy-rich organic feedstocks. Additionally, there needs to be further development of regional expertise in digester and power plant operations. At the Fiscalini facility, power production was limited by the availability of biomass for methane generation, not the designed system capacity. During the baseline study period, feedstocks included manure, sudan grass silage, and

  9. Rice Bran as a Feed for Dairy Cows.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lush, Jay L. (Jay Laurence); Hale, Fred

    1927-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS -- BULLETIN NO. 352 ' MARCH, 1927 RICE BRAN AS A FEED FOR DAIRY COWS AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President...~culture. 1t f ion: 1 I I SYNOPSIS This Bulletin contains a general description of rice bran and a short review of the published experiments about its use as a feed for farm animals. A report is given of the findings obtained in three experiments mith...

  10. BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Rapid City, South Dakota.

  11. | T E A C H I N G Cornell China Dairy Institute has

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    in which agricultural practices are changing rapidly." Tailored to meet the current needs of the veterinary employees and promote good on- farm practices helped reinforce the importance of basics and offered great with Huaxia Dairy as well as local Chinese educational, govern- ment, and agricultural institutions to lead

  12. Sunflower Wind Farm EA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sunflower Wind Farm EA Sunflower Wind Farm Draft EA (25mb pdf) Note: If you have problems downloading this file, pelase contact Lou Hanebury at (406) 255-2812 Sunflower Wind Farm...

  13. Distributed Generation Study/Patterson Farms CHP System Using Renewable

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale, Michigan:Emerling Farm <Site Description OtherBiogas |

  14. Distributed Generation Study/Patterson Farms | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale, Michigan:Emerling Farm <Site Description OtherBiogas

  15. Novel Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    to remove both sulfur species in biogas to ppb levels, making its use possible in a fuel cell CHP unit The high concentrations of sulfur species in the biogas (up to 1.5%...

  16. Novel Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and Power - Fact Sheet, 2015 Novel Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and Power - Fact Sheet, 2015 TDA Research...

  17. IEA-Renewable Energy Technologies, Bioenergy Agreement Task 37: Energy from Biogas and Landfill Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EFP-06 IEA- Renewable Energy Technologies, Bioenergy Agreement Task 37: Energy from Biogas-Bioenergy, Task 37- Energy from Biogas and Landfill Gas", via samarbejde, informationsudveksling, fćlles analyser. biogas fra anaerob udrĺdning (AD) som en integreret gylle og affalds behandlings teknologi. Arbejdet

  18. Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 206 Risk assessment of biogas exposure in kitchens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 206 Risk assessment of biogas exposure in kitchens C to pollutants while using biogas for cooking was assessed following the methodology described by the US - National Research Council. Information of hazardous compounds and compositions of several biogas types were

  19. Drylot Dairying in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hillin, Joel M.; Carpenter, Shannon E.

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To Sum It Up, 11 In the writing of this publicat the assistance and gestions of I. W. Rupel, head, and R. E. Lei fessor and acting head, ment of Dairy Science, have mast valuable. Appreciation is extended to Allen, Extension agricuitura gineer...

  20. Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) Prototype System User Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sam Alessi; Dennis Keiser

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is a user manual for the Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) model. DANA provides an analysis of dairy anaerobic digestion technology and allows users to calculate biogas production, co-product valuation, capital costs, expenses, revenue and financial metrics, for user customizable scenarios, dairy and digester types. The model provides results for three anaerobic digester types; Covered Lagoons, Modified Plug Flow, and Complete Mix, and three main energy production technologies; electricity generation, renewable natural gas generation, and compressed natural gas generation. Additional options include different dairy types, bedding types, backend treatment type as well as numerous production, and economic parameters. DANA’s goal is to extend the National Market Value of Anaerobic Digester Products analysis (informa economics, 2012; Innovation Center, 2011) to include a greater and more flexible set of regional digester scenarios and to provide a modular framework for creation of a tool to support farmer and investor needs. Users can set up scenarios from combinations of existing parameters or add new parameters, run the model and view a variety of reports, charts and tables that are automatically produced and delivered over the web interface. DANA is based in the INL’s analysis architecture entitled Generalized Environment for Modeling Systems (GEMS) , which offers extensive collaboration, analysis, and integration opportunities and greatly speeds the ability construct highly scalable web delivered user-oriented decision tools. DANA’s approach uses server-based data processing and web-based user interfaces, rather a client-based spreadsheet approach. This offers a number of benefits over the client-based approach. Server processing and storage can scale up to handle a very large number of scenarios, so that analysis of county, even field level, across the whole U.S., can be performed. Server based databases allow dairy and digester parameters be held and managed in a single managed data repository, while allows users to customize standard values and perform individual analysis. Server-based calculations can be easily extended, versions and upgrades managed, and any changes are immediately available to all users. This user manual describes how to use and/or modify input database tables, run DANA, view and modify reports.

  1. CAFO Update: Information for Dairy Farms under 300 mature cows.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    After several months of discussion and public vetting, NYS officially changed CAFO Permit regulations surface water resources or have taken care to build and manage farmstead facilities (barns, bunks, manure

  2. Economic implications of anaerobic digesters on dairy farms in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Randy Scott, Jr.

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    -selling price, digesters are less economically feasible than current waste management strategies, lagoons, even after considering potential environmental penalties. However, selling electricity and capturing by-product heat for cost savings makes the digester...

  3. VOLUME 15 Summer 2012 SMALL FARM DIGESTSMALL FARM DIGEST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Michael D.

    VOLUME 15 Summer 2012 SMALL FARM DIGESTSMALL FARM DIGEST Farm Beginnings Introduction to Grazing a great deal of thought and planning. This edition of the Small Farm Digest lays out key issues that must

  4. Glycerol Supplementation in Dairy Cows and Calves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordqvist #12;Glycerol Supplementation in Dairy Cows and Calves Abstract The production of biodiesel from

  5. Biogas From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition Biogas From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition Presentation about the value proposition for...

  6. Novel Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and Power Improving Desulfurization to Enable Fuel Cell Utilization of Digester Gases This project will develop a new,...

  7. Overview of An Analysis Project for Renewable Biogas / Fuel Cell Technologies (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jalalzadeh-Azar, A.

    2009-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Presentation on renewable biogas: as an opportunity for commercialization of fuel cells presented as part of a panel discussion at the 2009 Fuel Cell Seminar, Palm Springs, CA.

  8. Bovine Paratuberculosis of Dairy Cattle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faries Jr., Floron C.; Jordan, Ellen R.; Stokes, Sandra R.; Magee, Derry D.; Roussel, Allen J.

    1999-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Paratuberculosis, or Johne's (pronounced "Yo-nees) disease, is a chronic intestinal infection of cattle. It is increasingly recognized in both dairy and beef herds. This publication discusses transmission of the bacteria, and control and prevention...

  9. Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Summary Report: Proceedings from the Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop, Golden, Colorado, June 11-13, 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) held a Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop June 11-13, 2012, in Golden, Colorado, to discuss biogas and waste-to-energy technologies for fuel cell applications. The overall objective was to identify opportunities for coupling renewable biomethane with highly efficient fuel cells to produce electricity; heat; combined heat and power (CHP); or combined heat, hydrogen and power (CHHP) for stationary or motive applications. The workshop focused on biogas sourced from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), landfills, and industrial facilities that generate or process large amounts of organic waste, including large biofuel production facilities (biorefineries).

  10. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Dairy Processing Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brush, Adrian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    whey permeate to feed biogas reactor Emerging Technologies (Using whey permeate to feed biogas reactor to generate fuel.wastewater and fed into a biogas reactor. In the reactor,

  11. 5th International Landfills Conference -Sardinia'95, Cagliari, 1995 DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A METHOD FOR MEASURING BIOGAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    OF A METHOD FOR MEASURING BIOGAS EMISSIONS USING A DYNAMIC CHAMBER Zbigniew POKRYSZKA, Christian TAUZIEDE biogas flow, designing a dynamic flux chamber. Preliminary bench tests revealed the necessity of defining gas releases. A mixture of gases (known as biogas) is produced from organic waste, and consists mainly

  12. Numerical and experimental study of soot formation in laminar diffusion flames burning simulated biogas fuels at elevated pressures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gülder, Ömer L.

    biogas fuels at elevated pressures Marc R.J. Charest , Ömer L. Gülder, Clinton P.T. Groth University 18 April 2014 Available online 2 June 2014 Keywords: Soot formation High pressure combustion Biogas, and other chemical species that are harmful to human health and the environment. Gaseous biofuels, or biogas

  13. List of publications 1. Sun, L., Mller, B. and Schnrer, A. (2013) Biogas production from wheat straw community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    biogas digesters. Biores. Technol. 132, 327­332 4. Manzoor, S., Müller, B., Niazi A., Bongcam-Rudloff E. and Schnürer, A. (2012). Improved biogas production from whole stillage by co-digestion with cattle manure. and Ståhlberg, J. (2011). Improved bio-energy yields via sequential ethanol fermentation and biogas digestion

  14. Dairy Biomass as a Renewable Fuel Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib; Goodrich, Barry; Engler, Cady; Capareda, Sergio

    2008-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    biomass. This publication explains the properties of dairy manure that could make it an excellent source of fuel....

  15. Dairy Biomass as a Renewable Fuel Source 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib; Goodrich, Barry; Engler, Cady; Capareda, Sergio

    2008-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    biomass. This publication explains the properties of dairy manure that could make it an excellent source of fuel....

  16. Feeding Waste Milk to Dairy Calves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stokes, Sandra R.; Looper, Mike; Waldner, Dan; Jordan, Ellen R.

    2002-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication lists precautions producers should take when feeding waste milk to dairy calves and offers usage guidelines....

  17. Types of Farming in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnen, C. A.

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .......... .......-.----------------------. 8 Labor -..-.....-----...------------------------------------------------. 9 Land Tenure .--.----....---....--------------------------------- 9 Number and Size of Farms ....----...----.-._--------- 10 Capital... -------------...-------.---------------------------- 21 Hogs -......-....--------------------------------------------------- 22 Poultry .-.---.-.....--.-..------.---------------------------------- 22 Horses and Mules ---..-....---..--..------------------------ 23 Types of Farming and Type-of-farming...

  18. Wind Farms in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoen, Ben

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economic Analysis of a Wind Farm in Nantucket Sound. BeaconP. and Mueller, A. (2010) Wind Farm Announcements and RuralProposed Rail Splitter Wind Farm. Prepared for Hinshaw &

  19. Wind Farms in North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoen, Ben

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P. and Mueller, A. (2010) Wind Farm Announcements and RuralProposed Rail Splitter Wind Farm. Prepared for Hinshaw &Economic Analysis of a Wind Farm in Nantucket Sound. Beacon

  20. Kas Farms Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas Farms Wind Farm Jump to: navigation,

  1. Concrete Tilt-up Construction on the Farm.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobgood, Price; Kunze, Otto R.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , dairy barns cmd poultry houses, which were collected from 23 land-grant colleges throughout the United States, showed that the walls of most farm buildings in these classificatio,ns can be constructed from 8 x 8 or 8 x 10-foot panel modules... with thicknesses of 4 to 6 inches. A sand bed covered with 4 mil polyethylene sheeting made a satisfactory casting bed. A minimum of two footing holes 8 or more inches in diameter and 30 inches deep were used to support line or end pilasters, while a minimum...

  2. EA-1907: Biogas Anaerobic Digester Facility, Oakley, Kansas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal by DOE and USDA to provide funding to Western Plains Energy, LLC (WPE) to construct, purchase equipment, and operate a new Biogas Anaerobic Digester at WPE's existing Ethanol Facility, located at 3022 County Road 18, Grinnell Township (Oakley), Gove County, Kansas. The proposed facility will include a receiving building, digester, and related infrastructure. Based on the analysis in USDA's Final EA and FONSI, DOE has determined that DOE's proposed action does not constitute a major Federal action that would significantly affect the quality of the human or natural environment.

  3. Biogas Technologies and Integration with Fuel Cells | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergyandapproximately 10 wt%in Defense,BiogasTechnologies

  4. Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube platform isEnergyMeeting | DepartmentBioenergyUS Department offor theBiogas

  5. Hese Biogas GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup | Open Energy InformationHebeiProgram JumpHennecke GmbHHeresBiogas

  6. Biogas Nord GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbonof AlternativeBioenergia Brasil S ABiogalBiogas Nord GmbH

  7. Financing a Farm Business.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Love, Harry M.

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . $ticiness. Modern farming requires the wise use of credit. It will be more , -f~ 111 the future. tfest road to the profitable use of credit winds through the records is going on now in your business and is spotlighted by new gy. Practice will improve...Far m-Business SOUTHERN FARM MANAGEMENT EXTENSION PUBLICATION No. 8 I L FOREWORD i Scientific discoveries and the new technology growing out of them create a nec for constant adjustments in farming. Most of these changes call for capital...

  8. Kentish Flats Offshore Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    Kentish Flats Offshore Wind Farm #12;By August 2005 the offshore wind farm at Kentish Flats plateau just outside the main Thames shipping lanes. The Kentish Flats wind farm will comprise 30 of the wind farm could be up to 90 MW. For the benefit of the environment The British Government has set

  9. Computerized dairy records management systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Alejandro E. Gonzalez

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . 1. 3. Management Tools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. 3. 1. Record Keeping History. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . 4 4 . . . . . . . 5 1. 3. 2. Hand-Kept v. s.... Computerized Records. . . . . . . . . . . 6 1. 3. 3. Direct Access to Records by Telephone. . . . . . . . . 6 II. HEIFER MANAGEMENT. 2. 1. Dairy Replacements. . 2. 2. Heifers Breeding Management . . . . . . . . . . . 7 . . . . . . . 7 . . . . . . . 8...

  10. Design a poster on dairy goat Teach others about

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    goats. Learn marketing, processing, distribution, consumption, and use of dairy products. Discover your animal as part of a petting zoo sharing the importance of dairy Be a part of a dairy promotion

  11. Cool Farming: Climate impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Ran

    Cool Farming: Climate impacts of agriculture and mitigation potential greenpeace.org Campaigningfor meat categories as well as milk and selected plant products for comparison. 36 Figure 1: Total global

  12. Novel Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy, will develop a new, high-capacity sorbent to remove sulfur from anaerobic digester gas. This technology will enable the production of a nearly sulfur-free biogas to...

  13. Dairy Manure Handling Systems and Equipment.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweeten, John M.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Texas A&M University System ? Texas Agricultural Extension Service Zerle L. Carpenter, Director College Station 8?1446 DAIRY MANURE HANDLING SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT DAIRY MANURE HANDLING SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT John M. Sweeten, Ph....D., P.E.* A manure management system for a modern dairy should be capable of controlling solid or liquid manure and wastewater from the open corrals (manure and rainfall runoff), free stall barn , feeding barn , holding lot or holding shed , milking...

  14. Long Island Solar Farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anders, R.

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) is a remarkable success story, whereby very different interest groups found a way to capitalize on unusual circumstances to develop a mutually beneficial source of renewable energy. The uniqueness of the circumstances that were necessary to develop the Long Island Solar Farm make it very difficult to replicate. The project is, however, an unparalleled resource for solar energy research, which will greatly inform large-scale PV solar development in the East. Lastly, the LISF is a superb model for the process by which the project developed and the innovation and leadership shown by the different players.

  15. Farming: A Climate Change Culprit

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Farming: A Climate Change Culprit Farming: A Climate Change Culprit Simulations run at NERSC show impact of land-use change on African monsoon precipitation June 7, 2014 | Tags:...

  16. Farm Buildings Pocketbook in Metric 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Some useful advice giving standards, dimensions and data in metric for those interested in the design of farm buildings

  17. Predicting Methane Production in Dairy Mohammad Ramin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Predicting Methane Production in Dairy Cows Mohammad Ramin Faculty of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences Department of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden Umeĺ Doctoral Thesis Swedish (Karoline) #12;Predicting Methane Production in Dairy cows Abstract Methane is a potent greenhouse gas

  18. PRINCETON UNIVERSITY Wind Farm Valuation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    PRINCETON UNIVERSITY Wind Farm Valuation Kimlee Wong 13th April 2009 Professor Warren B. Powell was generous and encouraged me to participate in the group to perform research pertaining to wind farm, and has helped me think of hedging strategies for wind farm operations. I have learnt a lot from my

  19. Economic analysis of wind-powered farmhouse and farm building heating systems. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stafford, R.W.; Greeb, F.J.; Smith, M.F.; Des Chenes, C.; Weaver, N.L.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study evaluated the break-even values of wind energy for selected farmhouses and farm buildings focusing on the effects of thermal storage on the use of WECS production and value. Farmhouse structural models include three types derived from a national survey - an older, a more modern, and a passive solar structure. The eight farm building applications that were analyzed include: poultry-layers, poultry-brooding/layers, poultry-broilers, poultry-turkeys, swine-farrowing, swine-growing/finishing, dairy, and lambing. These farm buildings represent the spectrum of animal types, heating energy use, and major contributions to national agricultural economic values. All energy analyses were based on hour-by-hour computations which allowed for growth of animals, sensible and latent heat production, and ventilation requirements. Hourly or three-hourly weather data obtained from the National Climatic Center was used for the nine chosen analysis sites, located throughout the United States and corresponding to regional agricultural production centers.

  20. Postgraduate Programme Renewable Energy (PPRE) --Biogas Workshop --01. -04. Feb. 2010 --Oldenburg University --venue: TGO, Marie-Curie-Strae 1, 26129 Oldenburg Programme Part 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damm, Werner

    Power Plants Dipl.Ing. M. Beyer (Biogas Plant Wittmund) 11:00 Coffee Break 11:15 The Financing of Biogas:30 Technical Aspects of Biogas: Plant Types / Designs and Design Choice Parameters (JL) 12:30 Lunch Practical Session: 13:30 Introduction to biodegradation simulation software (HS) 14:15 Simulation exercises

  1. Wind farm electrical system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Erdman, William L.; Lettenmaier, Terry M.

    2006-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    An approach to wind farm design using variable speed wind turbines with low pulse number electrical output. The output of multiple wind turbines are aggregated to create a high pulse number electrical output at a point of common coupling with a utility grid network. Power quality at each individual wind turbine falls short of utility standards, but the aggregated output at the point of common coupling is within acceptable tolerances for utility power quality. The approach for aggregating low pulse number electrical output from multiple wind turbines relies upon a pad mounted transformer at each wind turbine that performs phase multiplication on the output of each wind turbine. Phase multiplication converts a modified square wave from the wind turbine into a 6 pulse output. Phase shifting of the 6 pulse output from each wind turbine allows the aggregated output of multiple wind turbines to be a 24 pulse approximation of a sine wave. Additional filtering and VAR control is embedded within the wind farm to take advantage of the wind farm's electrical impedence characteristics to further enhance power quality at the point of common coupling.

  2. Comparative analysis of environmental impacts of maize-biogas and photovoltaics on a land use basis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graebig, Markus; Fenner, Richard [Centre for Sustainable Development, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge (United Kingdom); Bringezu, Stefan [Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy. P.B. 100480, 42004 Wuppertal (Germany)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This study aims to stimulate the discussion on how to optimize a sustainable energy mix from an environmental perspective and how to apply existing renewable energy sources in the most efficient way. Ground-mounted photovoltaics (PV) and the maize-biogas-electricity route are compared with regard to their potential to mitigate environmental pressure, assuming that a given agricultural area is available for energy production. Existing life cycle assessment (LCA) studies are taken as a basis to analyse environmental impacts of those technologies in relation to conventional technology for power and heat generation. The life-cycle-wide mitigation potential per area used is calculated for the impact categories non-renewable energy input, green house gas (GHG) emissions, acidification and eutrophication. The environmental performance of each system depends on the scenario that is assumed for end energy use (electricity and heat supply have been contemplated). In all scenarios under consideration, PV turns out to be superior to biogas in almost all studied impact categories. Even when maize is used for electricity production in connection with very efficient heat usage, and reduced PV performance is assumed to account for intermittence, PV can still mitigate about four times the amount of green house gas emissions and non-renewable energy input compared to maize-biogas. Soil erosion, which can be entirely avoided with PV, exceeds soil renewal rates roughly 20-fold on maize fields. Regarding the overall Eco-indicator 99 (H) score under most favourable assumptions for the maize-biogas route, PV has still a more than 100% higher potential to mitigate environmental burden. At present, the key advantages of biogas are its price and its availability without intermittence. In the long run, and with respect to more efficient land use, biogas might preferably be produced from organic waste or manure, whereas PV should be integrated into buildings and infrastructures. (author)

  3. The Intersection of Farm Credit and Farm Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knapek, George M.; Klose, Steven; Raulston, James M.

    2009-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication examines the way the 2008 Farm Bill and the uncertain credit market may affect each other. It discusses the connection between credit and policy....

  4. Effects of dairy intake on weight maintenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zemel, Michael B.; Donnelly, Joseph E.; Smith, Bryan K.; Sullivan, Debra K.; Richards, Joanna; Morgan-Hanusa, Danielle; Mayo, Matthew S.; Sun, Xiaocun; Cook-Wiens, Galen; Bailey, Bruce W.; Van Walleghen, Emily L.; Washburn, Richard A.

    2008-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    . However, weight maintenance following successful weight loss is a critical component to the successful management of obesity, and although there are animal data to support the concept of calcium and dairy attenuation of weight and fat regain [23... or components of body composition. The premise of this investigation was that correction of dietary calcium and dairy insufficiency may attenuate weight regain following successful weight loss. Accord- ingly, it was important to have a clear comparison of inad...

  5. Dairy Price and Income Support Policy.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwart, Robert B. Jr; Knutson, Ronald D.; Cropp, Robert; Harris, Harold M.; Jacobson, Robert E.; Novakovic, Andrew

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    people. Other proposals that will be debated include regionalized base and surplus management schemes, and two tier pricing plans. The total elimination of any. support mechanism seems unlikely. In the following chapters, several alternatives... to the technological and economic changes that will buffet and challenge the dairy industry as it approaches the 21st century? Alternative Mechanisms for Implementing Two cost-pricing mechanisms have been widely discussed in recent years : dairy parity and actual...

  6. UBC Farm Practicum Overview Page 1 of 7 UBC Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Todd C.

    in sustainable and community-based food systems. Where is it? UBC Farm, the living in Sustainable Agriculture 2013 Overview #12;UBC Farm Practicum Overview Page 2 of 7 systems, and students with an interest in applying their learning about sustainable

  7. Farms to Fuels

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartmentEnergy Factors AffectingFarewell ERDA, Hello|Farms

  8. Tank Farm Area Closure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposedPAGESafety Tag: SafetyTakingH-1Reader's GuideCoverFarm

  9. Tank Farm Area Closure

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposedPAGESafety Tag: SafetyTakingH-1Reader's GuideCoverFarm

  10. Ilchmann, Achim; Pahl, M. : Adaptive Multivariable pH Regulation of a Biogas Tower Reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knobloch,JĂĽrgen

    Ilchmann, Achim; Pahl, M. : Adaptive Multivariable pH Regulation of a Biogas Tower Reactor Zuerst for a biogastower reactor.The reactor is a new type for anaerobic treatment of waste water. It has been developed. There are uunterollsapplicationsof control theory resr-rltsto single-inpr-rtsingle-outputpH control of stirred tarrk reactors: see

  11. Farming Captive Cervids in Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farming Captive Cervids in Michigan: A Review of Social, Economic, Ecological and Agricultural Opportunities and Risks Information current as of 2001 s Research Report WO1026 Michigan Agricultural Experiment Station Michigan State University R E S E A R C H R E P O R T #12;2 Farming Captive Cervids in Michigan

  12. Helms Research Farm Summary Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Variety Comparison at Helms Farm Wayne Keeling, John Everitt, James P. Bordovsky, Doug Nesmith, and Scott P. Bordovsky, Doug Nesmith, and Scott Asher...............13 Cotton Variety Performance as AffectedHelms Research Farm Summary Report 2006 The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station / Elsa A. Murano

  13. Infauna Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Infauna Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Annual Status Report 2004 Published: 21 April-2004................................................. 48 Wind farm area (Turbine), Reference area (Ref

  14. Hazard Lewis Farms Collection Binghamton University Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Hazard Lewis Farms Collection Binghamton University Libraries Special Collections Hazard Lewis Farms Collection Finding Aid created 2012 Jean Green, Head of Special Collections, Preservation

  15. Sandia National Laboratories: characterizing Scaled Wind Farm...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    characterizing Scaled Wind Farm Technology facility inflow Characterizing Scaled Wind Farm Technology Facility Inflow On April 1, 2014, in Energy, News, News & Events, Partnership,...

  16. Aurora Organic Dairy Phase III: Corporate Sustainability Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    Aurora Organic Dairy Phase III: Corporate Sustainability Report Rosemary Lapka, Neesha Modi, Lauren Start and David Weinglass Report No. CSS11-07 April 19, 2011 #12;Aurora Organic Dairy Phase III Keoleian, Professor #12;Document Description AURORA ORGANIC DAIRY PHASE III: CORPORATE SUSTAINABILITY

  17. UrbanSolutionsCenter Urban Uses for Dairy Manure Compost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UrbanSolutionsCenter Urban Uses for Dairy Manure Compost Background Construction of new homes with time and with heat and drought stress. Dairy manure compost (DMC) is readily available for amending regulatory agencies are developing mechanisms for using composted dairy manure to remedy disturbed soils

  18. Distributed Generation Study/Patterson Farms CHP System Using...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New York Site Description Agricultural Study Type Field Test Technology Internal Combustion Engine Prime Mover Caterpillar G379 Heat Recovery Systems Built-in Fuel Biogas...

  19. Texas Farm Commodity Prices. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Childs, V. C. (Virgil C.); Schlotzhauer, Elbert O.; McNeely, John G.

    1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1" .I61 .I72 .I64 .I87 .276 .320 .356 .349 .220 .207 .213 .217 .270 ,261 .207 .239 .247 .207 .I38 .I02 108 .I46 .206 Wheat Dollars .99 .94 "93 .87 .90 1.06 1.29 2.18 2.08 2.06 2.04 1.09 1.03 .98 1.14 1.57 1.15... markets on or about the 15th of each month. Since, for most products, sales seldom occur at the farm, the prices which farmers receive usually include the cost of handling and delivery to the local market. Sonic trrick crops, notably carrots...

  20. The Economics and Feasibility of Electricity Generation using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    benefits of using biogas to generate electricity instead of coal are positive, implying that an otherwiseThe Economics and Feasibility of Electricity Generation using Manure Digesters on Small and Mid of electricity generation using methane from manure digesters on dairy farms under different electricity rate

  1. Factors affecting levels of financial stress and distress among Texas farm families: the 1980s Farm Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luedke, Alvin John

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    logistic regression analyses suggest that the number of years in farming, proportion of the household income from off-farm employment, proportion of farm ownership, proportion of the farm operation in crop production, and farm size are related to level...

  2. Amigo Bob Cantisano: Organic Farming Advisor, Founder, Ecological Farming Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    partner, Seth. He was an apprentice here in’01, ’02 and partwho was a pretty good apprentice, who I graduated to a farmI’m noticing it from the apprentices. I’m noticing, all of a

  3. Offshore Wind Power Farm Environmental Impact Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horns Rev Offshore Wind Power Farm Environmental Impact Assessment on Water Quality #12;Prepared with a planned 150 MW offshore wind farm at Horns Rev, an assessment was made of the effects the wind farm would for the preparation of EIA studies for offshore wind farms." Horns Rev is situated off Blĺvands Huk, which is Denmark

  4. Long Island Solar Farm Project Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    Long Island Solar Farm #12;Project Overview The Long Island Solar Farm (LISF) is a 32-megawatt. Project Developer/Owner/Operator: Long Island Solar Farm, LLC (BP Solar & MetLife) Purchaser of Power and construct arrays ~ 2 years of output (88,000 MWh equivalent) Long Island Solar Farm #12;Other Pollutants

  5. Tank Farms Technical Safety Requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DANNA, M.A.

    2003-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The TSRs define the acceptable conditions, safe boundaries, bases thereof, and controls to ensure safe operation during authorized activities, for facilities within the scope of the Tank Farms Documented Safety Analysis (DSA), in parallel with the DSA.

  6. Farm Mortgage Financing in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Virgil P. (Virgil Porter)

    1925-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    POULTRY HUSBANDRY R. M. SHERWOOD, M. S., Chief MAIN STATION FARM D. T. KILLOUGH, B. S., Superintendent STATE APICULTURAL RESEARCH LAB- ORATORY (San Antonio) H. B. PARKS. B. S.. Apiculturist in Charge State Eritomologist A. H. ALEX. B. S.. Queen... Mortgage and ~nvestmeni combany of San Antonio, Texas. The names of the prospective borrower and the inspector were purposely omitted by the company. FARM MORTGAGE FINANCING IN TEXAS 2 1 commodities it will produce, but the prices of these products...

  7. Horns RevHorns Rev Offshore Wind FarmOffshore Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horns RevHorns Rev Offshore Wind FarmOffshore Wind Farm #12;Prepared for: ELSAM A/S, Overgade 45 prior to the construction of an offshore wind farm at Horns Rev, situated approximately 15 km off

  8. José Montenegro: Farm Operations Director, Rural Development Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    José Montenegro Farm Operations Director, Organic FarmingSalinas, California José Montenegro grew up in Providencia,history focuses on Montenegro’s period as farm operations

  9. Cofiring of coal and dairy biomass in a 100,000 btu/hr furnace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Benjamin Daniel

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Dairy biomass (DB) is evaluated as a possible co-firing fuel with coal. Cofiring of DB offers a technique of utilizing dairy manure for power/steam generation, reducing greenhouse gas concerns, and increasing financial returns to dairy operators...

  10. Benefits of supplementing an industrial waste anaerobic digester with energy crops for increased biogas production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nges, Ivo Achu, E-mail: Nges.Ivo_Achu@biotek.lu.se [Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE 221 00 Lund (Sweden); Escobar, Federico; Fu Xinmei; Bjoernsson, Lovisa [Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE 221 00 Lund (Sweden)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This study demonstrates the feasibility of co-digestion food industrial waste with energy crops. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Laboratory batch co-digestion led to improved methane yield and carbon to nitrogen ratio as compared to mono-digestion of industrial waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Co-digestion was also seen as a means of degrading energy crops with nutrients addition as crops are poor in nutrients. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Batch co-digestion methane yields were used to predict co-digestion methane yield in full scale operation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It was concluded that co-digestion led an over all economically viable process and ensured a constant supply of feedstock. - Abstract: Currently, there is increasing competition for waste as feedstock for the growing number of biogas plants. This has led to fluctuation in feedstock supply and biogas plants being operated below maximum capacity. The feasibility of supplementing a protein/lipid-rich industrial waste (pig manure, slaughterhouse waste, food processing and poultry waste) mesophilic anaerobic digester with carbohydrate-rich energy crops (hemp, maize and triticale) was therefore studied in laboratory scale batch and continuous stirred tank reactors (CSTR) with a view to scale-up to a commercial biogas process. Co-digesting industrial waste and crops led to significant improvement in methane yield per ton of feedstock and carbon-to-nitrogen ratio as compared to digestion of the industrial waste alone. Biogas production from crops in combination with industrial waste also avoids the need for micronutrients normally required in crop digestion. The batch co-digestion methane yields were used to predict co-digestion methane yield in full scale operation. This was done based on the ratio of methane yields observed for laboratory batch and CSTR experiments compared to full scale CSTR digestion of industrial waste. The economy of crop-based biogas production is limited under Swedish conditions; therefore, adding crops to existing industrial waste digestion could be a viable alternative to ensure a constant/reliable supply of feedstock to the anaerobic digester.

  11. Wisconsin Agriculture Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF Wisconsin Agriculture 2010 · Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy · Current Outlook: Farm Products, Farm Inputs and the General Economy · Framing the Financial Crisis for Wisconsin Agriculture Farm Economy . . . . . . 1 II. Current Outlook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

  12. AGRICULTURE, 2005 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2005 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy Situation and Outlook: Farm Products, Farm Inputs and the General Economy Special Articles · Expansion, Modernization..............................................................................................................................v I. Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

  13. Testing the profitability of Anaerobic Digestion in a large-scale UK dairy farm 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coz Leniz, Luis Fernando

    2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    , a set price determined by the Ministry of Energy and Climate Change and paid by the energy supplying companies for every unit of electricity generated through renewable sources. This paper tests the economics, return on investment, and overall value...

  14. Mitigating Heat Stress on Dairy Farms during Three Phases of Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Boone H.

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ) housed in polyethylene hutches, covered with reflective aluminum and bubble film insulation, were compared to calves (n = 18) in similar, un-insulated hutches. Mean thermal heat index (THI) for the trial was 71.9 ± 5.5 (SD). Insulation treatment did...

  15. Economic impacts of removing the distance differential on Texas dairy farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garis, Dalton Howard

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    surplus onto off-shore (non-U. S. ) markets ~ Give the surplus away (ignoring sales losses of identical products) These ways can be shown to be less efficient (more costly) than having an auxiliary market with elastic demand that offers the next highest... while in the depths of one of the worst droughts in 30 years, according to the U. S. Weather Service. The General Accounting Office (GAO) contends that the high and increasing milk production in Texas is the result of an overly-generous profit margin...

  16. anestrous dairy cows: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 3 4.1 FACTORS 12 Effects of rapeseed oil duodenal infusion on adipose tissue lipolytic activities of dairy cows during early lactation Physics...

  17. algerian dairy product: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University - TxSpace Summary: W) countercurrent fixed bed gasifier was rebuilt to perform gasification studies under quasisteady state conditions using dairy biomass (DB) as...

  18. A GIS-BASED APPROACH FOR OPTIMIZING THE DEVELOPMENT OF COLLECTIVE BIOGAS PLANTS T. Bioteau, F. Boret, O. Tretyakov, F. Bline, M. Balynska, R. Girault,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A GIS-BASED APPROACH FOR OPTIMIZING THE DEVELOPMENT OF COLLECTIVE BIOGAS PLANTS T. Bioteau, F 2012 (117) A GIS-BASED APPROACH FOR OPTIMIZING THE DEVELOPMENT OF COLLECTIVE BIOGAS PLANTS T. Bioteau by 20%. In response to these commitments, anaerobic digestion of livestock wastes is expected to expand

  19. AGRICULTURE, 2001 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2001 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions Situation and Outlook for Farm Products and Inputs Special Articles · Outlook for the National Economy and Agricultural Policies · Smart Growth and Wisconsin Agriculture · The Wisconsin Agricultural Economy: A Broader

  20. Agricultural Engineering and Farm Building Collection /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Todd C.

    Agricultural Engineering and Farm Building Collection / Leonard Staley (collector) Compiled on Agricultural Engineering File List Catalogue entry (UBC Library catalogue) #12;Collection Description Agricultural Engineering and Farm Building Collection / Leonard Staley (collector). ­ 1953-1976. 60 cm

  1. White Wind Farms Strategic Communications Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Gina; Noulles, Mary; James, Jessica

    2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    White Wind Farms is a small, startup Kansas winery located in Paola. The goal of this project was to develop a strategic marketing communications plan to assist in the growth and development of the White Wind Farms brand..

  2. Infauna Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Infauna Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Annual Status Report 2003 #12;Infauna Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Annual Status Report 2003 Published: 13 May 2004 Prepared: Michael Bech

  3. Horns RevHorns Rev Offshore Wind FarmOffshore Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horns RevHorns Rev Offshore Wind FarmOffshore Wind Farm #12;Prepared for: ELSAM A/S, Overgade 45 to establish an offshore wind farm with an output of 150 MW in the waters of Horns Rev, approximately 15 km off to some environmental guidelines for offshore wind farms prepared by the Dani

  4. Part-Time Farming in Northeast Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, James R.; Southern, John H.

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    JANUARY THE AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION R. D. LEWIS, DIRECTOR, COLLEGE STATION. TEXAS IN COOPERATION WITH THE U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 632320 - This analysis of part-the farming... is part of a broad the income levels, income sources and farm and human patterns of the.88,W rural o area of Northeast Texas (Tearas Agricultural Bulletin 940, Incomes of Rural Families in No A major farm adjustmen part-time farming, or a greater...

  5. OFFSHORE WIND FARMS Guidance note for Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OFFSHORE WIND FARMS Guidance note for Environmental Impact Assessment In respect of FEPA and CPA requirements Version 2 - June 2004 #12;Offshore Wind Farms: Guidance Note for Environmental Impact Assessment 2004 #12;Offshore Wind Farms: Guidance Note for Environmental Impact Assessment in Respect of FEPA

  6. CONMOW: Condition Monitoring for Offshore Wind Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 CONMOW: Condition Monitoring for Offshore Wind Farms Edwin Wiggelinkhuizen, Theo Verbruggen, Henk in practice the European project CONMOW (Condition Monitoring for Offshore Wind Farms) was started in November for Offshore Wind Farms) was started in November 2002. This paper briefly describes the CONMOW project approach

  7. Tree Windbreaks for Farms and Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Indiana farms without windbreaks are increasingly affected by winds as forestlands are cleared. FarmsteadsTree Windbreaks for Farms and Homes Tree Windbreaks for Farms and Homes FNR-38 Brian K. Miller that will last a lifetime. When planning your windbreak, consider it as more than a structure to obstruct wind

  8. Batch load anaerobic digestion of dairy manure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egg, Richard P

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and resource recovery. Anaerobic digestion of manure has re- ceived much attention as a method to reduce the pollution threat to the environment while reclaiming energy in the form of methane gas from the biomass. Currently there is one commercial anaerobic... production than the conventional process used in most studies to date. The objective of this research was to evaluate a batch load digestion process for methane production from dairy manure to determine the optimum influent total solids concentration...

  9. CRADIT FARM DRIVE CREEK DRIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, H. Floyd

    CRADIT FARM DRIVE THURSTON CREEK DRIVE CENTRALAVENUE ENUE UNIVERSITY AVENUE EASTAVENUE FOREST HOME CREEK DRIVE CENTRALAVENUE ENUE UNIVERSITY AVENUE EASTAVENUE FOREST HOME DRIVE HIGHLAND ROBERTS PLACE GARDEN DEANS ARTS QUAD RAWLINGS GREEN R. URIS GARDEN AG QUAD BIOLOGY BEEBE LAK FALL CREEK Clark Hall Olin

  10. Farm and Ranch Business Management Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCorkle, Dean; Anderson, David P.

    2009-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    . Harper Perennial, 1985. William D. Hitt. Management In Action: Guidelines for New Managers. Batelle Press, 1985. Edgar H. Schein. Organizational Culture and Leadership. Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1991. Dairy Example Cow-Calf Example ? milk per cow...

  11. Effects of electrical voltage/current on farm animals: How to detect and remedy problems. Agriculture handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lefcourt, A.M.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The handbook examines (1) the history of stray voltage/current problems on farms, (2) the physical and electrical sources of stray voltage/current phenomena, (3) the physiological and behavioral bases for losses in milk production, (4) methods for identifying and detecting stray voltage/current problems, (5) methods for mitigating such problems, and (6) areas where further research may be warranted. While the primary emphasis is on cattle and dairy farms, the theories and procedures discussed are completely relevant to all types of livestock and livestock housing facilities. Recommendations are made for action levels and concerning mitigation techniques. The fundamental conclusion of the handbook is that stray voltages/currents can be reduced to acceptable levels.

  12. WCROC Organic Dairy Day Tuesday, August 13, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    at 8008768636. Printed on recycled and recyclable paper with at least 10 percent postconsumer waste materialWCROC Organic Dairy Day Tuesday, August 13, 2013 West Central Research and Outreach Center. For More Information Contact: Brad Heins, 3205891711 or hein0106@umn.edu WCROC Organic Dairy Day

  13. WCROC Organic Dairy Day Tuesday, August 13, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    -876-8636. Printed on recycled and recyclable paper with at least 10 percent postconsumer waste material. All rightsWCROC Organic Dairy Day Tuesday, August 13, 2013 West Central Research and Outreach Center,Morris, MN SEMINARS AND PASTURE TOURS ­ 10AM TO 3PM WCROC Organic Dairy Day Tuesday, August 13, 2013 West

  14. Worker Health on Modern Dairy and Poultry y y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    /crushing 11 #12;Dairy Lagoons Odors/ VOC? Wind Anaerobic CO2 NH3 CH4 H2S Sludge bacteria Sludge 12 #12;Case study #2 MortalityCase study #2 Mortality · Jose Alatorre worked as a welder on a 1,700 cow dairy (200

  15. Branchburg Solar Farm and carport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gregory, John

    2013-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    To meet the goal of becoming a model of green, clean, and efficient consumer of energy, the Township of Branchburg will install of a 250kw solar farm to provide energy for the Township of Branchburg Municipal Building, a 50kw Solar carport to provide power to the Municipal Annex, purchase 3 plug in hybrid-electric vehicles, and install 3 dual-head charging stations.

  16. RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY USING BIOMASS FROM DAIRY AND BEEF ANIMAL PRODUCTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John M. Sweeten, Kalyan Annamalai

    2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT The Texas Panhandle is regarded as the â??Cattle Feeding Capital of the Worldâ?ť, producing 42% of the fed beef cattle in the United States within a 200-mile radius of Amarillo generating more than 5 million tons of feedlot manure /year. Apart from feedlots, the Bosque River Region in Erath County, just north of Waco, Texas with about 110,000 dairy cattle in over 250 dairies, produces 1.8 million tons of manure biomass (excreted plus bedding) per year. While the feedlot manure has been used extensively for irrigated and dry land crop production, most dairies, as well as other concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOâ??s), the dairy farms utilize large lagoon areas to store wet animal biomass. Water runoff from these lagoons has been held responsible for the increased concentration of phosphorus and other contaminates in the Bosque River which drains into Lake Wacoâ??the primary source of potable water for Wacoâ??s 108,500 people. The concentrated animal feeding operations may lead to land, water, and air pollution if waste handling systems and storage and treatment structures are not properly managed. Manure-based biomass (MBB) has the potential to be a source of green energy at large coal-fired power plants and on smaller-scale combustion systems at or near confined animal feeding operations. Although MBB particularly cattle biomass (CB) is a low quality fuel with an inferior heat value compared to coal and other fossil fuels, the concentration of it at large animal feeding operations can make it a viable source of fuel. The overall objective of this interdisciplinary proposal is to develop environmentally benign technologies to convert low-value inventories of dairy and beef cattle biomass into renewable energy. Current research expands the suite of technologies by which cattle biomass (CB: manure, and premature mortalities) could serve as a renewable alternative to fossil fuel. The work falls into two broad categories of research and development. Category 1 â?? Renewable Energy Conversion. This category addressed mostly in volume I involves developing. Thermo-chemical conversion technologies including cofiring with coal, reburn to reduce nitrogen oxide (NO, N2O, NOx, etc.) and Hg emissions and gasification to produce low-BTU gas for on-site power production in order to extract energy from waste streams or renewable resources. Category 2 â?? Biomass Resource Technology. This category, addressed mostly in Volume II, deals with the efficient and cost-effective use of CB as a renewable energy source (e.g. through and via aqueous-phase, anaerobic digestion or biological gasification). The investigators formed an industrial advisory panel consisting fuel producers (feedlots and dairy farms) and fuel users (utilities), periodically met with them, and presented the research results; apart from serving as dissemination forum, the PIs used their critique to red-direct the research within the scope of the tasks. The final report for the 5 to 7 year project performed by an interdisciplinary team of 9 professors is arranged in three volumes: Vol. I (edited by Kalyan Annamalai) addressing thermo-chemical conversion and direct combustion under Category 1 and Vol. II and Vol. III ( edited by J M Sweeten) addressing biomass resource Technology under Category 2. Various tasks and sub-tasks addressed in Volume I were performed by the Department of Mechanical Engineering (a part of TEES; see Volume I), while other tasks and sub-tasks addressed in Volume II and IIII were conducted by Texas AgriLife Research at Amarillo; the TAMU Biological & Agricultural Engineering Department (BAEN) College Station; and West Texas A&M University (WTAMU) (Volumes II and III). The three volume report covers the following results: fuel properties of low ash and high ash CB (particularly DB) and MB (mortality biomass and coals, non-intrusive visible infrared (NVIR) spectroscopy techniques for ash determination, dairy energy use surveys at 14 dairies in Texas and Califor

  17. RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY USING BIOMASS FROM DAIRY AND BEEF ANIMAL PRODUCTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalyan Annamalai, John M. Sweeten,

    2012-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The Texas Panhandle is regarded as the 'Cattle Feeding Capital of the World', producing 42% of the fed beef cattle in the United States within a 200-mile radius of Amarillo generating more than 5 million tons of feedlot manure/year. Apart from feedlots, the Bosque River Region in Erath County, just north of Waco, Texas with about 110,000 dairy cattle in over 250 dairies, produces 1.8 million tons of manure biomass (excreted plus bedding) per year. While the feedlot manure has been used extensively for irrigated and dry land crop production, most dairies, as well as other concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFO's), the dairy farms utilize large lagoon areas to store wet animal biomass. Water runoff from these lagoons has been held responsible for the increased concentration of phosphorus and other contaminates in the Bosque River which drains into Lake Waco - the primary source of potable water for Waco's 108,500 people. The concentrated animal feeding operations may lead to land, water, and air pollution if waste handling systems and storage and treatment structures are not properly managed. Manure-based biomass (MBB) has the potential to be a source of green energy at large coal-fired power plants and on smaller-scale combustion systems at or near confined animal feeding operations. Although MBB particularly cattle biomass (CB) is a low quality fuel with an inferior heat value compared to coal and other fossil fuels, the concentration of it at large animal feeding operations can make it a viable source of fuel. The overall objective of this interdisciplinary proposal is to develop environmentally benign technologies to convert low-value inventories of dairy and beef cattle biomass into renewable energy. Current research expands the suite of technologies by which cattle biomass (CB: manure, and premature mortalities) could serve as a renewable alternative to fossil fuel. The work falls into two broad categories of research and development. Category 1 - Renewable Energy Conversion. This category addressed mostly in volume I involves developing. Thermo-chemical conversion technologies including cofiring with coal, reburn to reduce nitrogen oxide (NO, N2O, NOx, etc.) and Hg emissions and gasification to produce low-BTU gas for on-site power production in order to extract energy from waste streams or renewable resources. Category 2 - Biomass Resource Technology. This category, addressed mostly in Volume II, deals with the efficient and cost-effective use of CB as a renewable energy source (e.g. through and via aqueous-phase, anaerobic digestion or biological gasification). The investigators formed an industrial advisory panel consisting fuel producers (feedlots and dairy farms) and fuel users (utilities), periodically met with them, and presented the research results; apart from serving as dissemination forum, the PIs used their critique to red-direct the research within the scope of the tasks. The final report for the 5 to 7 year project performed by an interdisciplinary team of 9 professors is arranged in three volumes: Vol. I (edited by Kalyan Annamalai) addressing thermo-chemical conversion and direct combustion under Category 1 and Vol. II and Vol. III ( edited by J M Sweeten) addressing biomass resource Technology under Category 2. Various tasks and sub-tasks addressed in Volume I were performed by the Department of Mechanical Engineering (a part of TEES; see Volume I), while other tasks and sub-tasks addressed in Volume II and IIII were conducted by Texas AgriLife Research at Amarillo; the TAMU Biological and Agricultural Engineering Department (BAEN) College Station; and West Texas A and M University (WTAMU) (Volumes II and III). The three volume report covers the following results: fuel properties of low ash and high ash CB (particularly DB) and MB (mortality biomass) and coals, non-intrusive visible infrared (NVIR) spectroscopy techniques for ash determination, dairy energy use surveys at 14 dairies in Texas and California, cofiring of low quality CB with high quality coal, emission results and ash fouling beh

  18. Proper Injection Techniques in Dairy Cattle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villarino, Mario A.

    2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    labeled for use in dairy ? cattle. Refer to the vaccine label for this information. Using a vaccine in an animal species for which it is not labeled is illegal. Give the proper dosage as indicated on the label. ? Always give an injection in the body... for consumption is called the withdrawal time. The withdrawal times for meat and milk may be different. It is illegal to sell meat or milk that contains medicine residue and sellers are subject to large fines. If there is a withdrawal time ? on the label...

  19. The Fermilab computing farms in 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolbers, S.

    1998-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The farms in 1997 went through a variety of changes. First, the farms expansion, begun in 1996, was completed. This boosted the computing capacity to something like 20,000 MIPS (where a MIP is a unit defined by running a program, TINY, on the machine and comparing the machine performance to a VAX 11/780). In SpecInt92, it would probably rate close to 40,000. The use of the farms was not all that large. The fixed target experiments were not generally in full production in 1997, but spent time tuning up code. Other users processed on the farms, but tended to come and go and not saturate the resource. Some of the old farms were retired, saving the lab money on maintenance and saving the farms support staff effort.

  20. Up from the Ground: Blogging the Farm and Farming the Blog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrey, Jen L.

    2010-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Up from the Ground: Blogging the Farm and Farming the Blog was written in the form of blog posts from May 2009 until March 2010. The blog chronicled successes and failures in the transition from city life to organic ...

  1. Modeling of wind farm controllers Poul Srensen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (typically offshore) wind farms has initiated the development of advanced, automatic wind farm controllers. As the first large offshore wind farm, the Horns Rev offshore wind farm controller is probably the most plants (CHP) provide increased supply during cold days. The main aim of the advanced offshore wind farm

  2. OFFSHORE WIND FARM LAYOUT OPTIMIZATION (OWFLO) PROJECT: AN INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    OFFSHORE WIND FARM LAYOUT OPTIMIZATION (OWFLO) PROJECT: AN INTRODUCTION C. N. Elkinton* , J. F focused on land-based wind farms, rather than on offshore farms. The conventional method used to lay out that distinguish offshore wind farms from their onshore counterparts, the Offshore Wind Farm Layout Optimization

  3. The structural impact of commodity farm programs on farms in the Southern Texas High Plains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirley, Christina Kay

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : Mechanical Engineering 1981 Thesis 5558 THE STRUCTURAL IMPACT OP COMMODITY FARM PROGRAMS ON FARMS IN THE SOUTHERN TEXAS HIGH PLAINS A Thesis by CHRISTINA KAY SHIRLEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1981 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics THE STRUCTURAL IMPACT OF COMMODITY FARM PROGRAMS ON FARMS IN THE SOUTHERN TEXAS HIGH PLAINS A Thesi. s by CHRISTINA RAY SHIRLEY Approved as to style...

  4. On Farm Energy Efficiency and Production Grants

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Under the County Agricultural Investment Program (CAIP), the Office of Agricultural Policy (OAP) offers grants for farms that incorporate energy efficiency into their operations, produce...

  5. Tank farm backlog soil sample analysis plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahlers, J.D., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the measures to collect samples, perform testing on samples, and make decisions to obtain a Contained- in Determination for tank farms backlog soil.

  6. Farm Credit Canada Energy Loan (Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Energy Loan helps Canadian producers or agri-business owners considering renewable energy purchase and install on-farm energy sources, such as:

  7. FARM BUSINESS MANAGEMENT The Southwest Minnesota Farm Business Management Association is a membership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    FARM BUSINESS MANAGEMENT The Southwest Minnesota Farm Business Management Association's farm or place of business. Candidates with all levels of experience will be considered based on experience. Required B.S. or B.A. in agriculture, business or related fields

  8. Frey Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489InformationFrenchtown, New Jersey: Energy ResourcesFrey Farm

  9. Shelburne Farms | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, New York: Energy Resources Jump to:Lake, Ohio:Shelburne Farms

  10. Paramount Farms | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011)Nevada: EnergyParamount Farms

  11. Cooper Farms | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.pngRoofs and Heat Islands Jump to: navigation, searchCoonFarms

  12. RENEWABLE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY USING BIOMASS FROM DAIRY AND BEEF ANIMAL PRODUCTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John M. Sweeten, Kalyan Annamalai

    2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Texas Panhandle is regarded as the �Cattle Feeding Capital of the World�, producing 42% of the fed beef cattle in the United States within a 200-mile radius of Amarillo generating more than 5 million tons of feedlot manure /year. Apart from feedlots, the Bosque River Region in Erath County, just north of Waco, Texas with about 110,000 dairy cattle in over 250 dairies, produces 1.8 million tons of manure biomass (excreted plus bedding) per year. While the feedlot manure has been used extensively for irrigated and dry land crop production, most dairies, as well as other concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFO�s), the dairy farms utilize large lagoon areas to store wet animal biomass. Water runoff from these lagoons has been held responsible for the increased concentration of phosphorus and other contaminates in the Bosque River which drains into Lake Waco�the primary source of potable water for Waco�s 108,500 people. The concentrated animal feeding operations may lead to land, water, and air pollution if waste handling systems and storage and treatment structures are not properly managed. Manure-based biomass (MBB) has the potential to be a source of green energy at large coal-fired power plants and on smaller-scale combustion systems at or near confined animal feeding operations. Although MBB particularly cattle biomass (CB) is a low quality fuel with an inferior heat value compared to coal and other fossil fuels, the concentration of it at large animal feeding operations can make it a viable source of fuel. The overall objective of this interdisciplinary proposal is to develop environmentally benign technologies to convert low-value inventories of dairy and beef cattle biomass into renewable energy. Current research expands the suite of technologies by which cattle biomass (CB: manure, and premature mortalities) could serve as a renewable alternative to fossil fuel. The work falls into two broad categories of research and development. Category 1 � Renewable Energy Conversion. This category addressed mostly in volume I involves developing. Thermo-chemical conversion technologies including cofiring with coal, reburn to reduce nitrogen oxide (NO, N2O, NOx, etc.) and Hg emissions and gasification to produce low-BTU gas for on-site power production in order to extract energy from waste streams or renewable resources. Category 2 � Biomass Resource Technology. This category, addressed mostly in Volume II, deals with the efficient and cost-effective use of CB as a renewable energy source (e.g. through and via aqueous-phase, anaerobic digestion or biological gasification). The investigators formed an industrial advisory panel consisting fuel producers (feedlots and dairy farms) and fuel users (utilities), periodically met with them, and presented the research results; apart from serving as dissemination forum, the PIs used their critique to red-direct the research within the scope of the tasks. The final report for the 5 to 7 year project performed by an interdisciplinary team of 9 professors is arranged in three volumes: Vol. I (edited by Kalyan Annamalai) addressing thermo-chemical conversion and direct combustion under Category 1 and Vol. II and Vol. III ( edited by J M Sweeten) addressing biomass resource Technology under Category 2. Various tasks and sub-tasks addressed in Volume I were performed by the Department of Mechanical Engineering (a part of TEES; see Volume I), while other tasks and sub-tasks addressed in Volume II and IIII were conducted by Texas AgriLife Research at Amarillo; the TAMU Biological & Agricultural Engineering Department (BAEN) College Station; and West Texas A&M University (WTAMU) (Volumes II and III). The three volume report covers the following results: fuel properties of low ash and high ash CB (particularly DB) and MB (mortality biomass and coals, non-intrusive visible infrared (NVIR) spectroscopy techniques for ash determination, dairy energy use surveys a

  13. argentine dairy heifers: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is important during the ... Miedema, Johanna Mary 2010-07-03 233 Effects of dairy manure and inorganic fertilizer on runoff water quality on common bermudagrass Texas A&M...

  14. argentine dairy herds: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is important during the ... Miedema, Johanna Mary 2010-07-03 340 Effects of dairy manure and inorganic fertilizer on runoff water quality on common bermudagrass Texas A&M...

  15. Sensory analysis of acidified dairy products using response surface methodology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocha, Maria de Guadalupe

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modified processing techniques to reduce the time required to manufacture and to improve the general characteristics of dairy products have been developed. Direct acidification is a method to produce acidified milk products. ...

  16. A Team-approach to helping dairies produce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    consulting Customized reports 6 bulk tank cultures adminis- tered through the Bulk Tank Surveillance you choose. We anticipate that at least : Dairy One Market Manager Milk Inspector (CMI) Herd

  17. Freeze concentration of dairy products Phase 2. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Best, D.E.; Vasavada, K.C.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An efficient, electrically driven freeze concentration system offers potential for substantially increasing electricity demand while providing the mature dairy industry with new products for domestic and export markets together with enhanced production efficiencies. Consumer tests indicate that dairy products manufactured from freeze-concentrated ingredients are either preferred or considered equivalent in quality to fresh milk-based products. Economic analyses indicate that this technology should be competitive with thermal evaporation processes on a commercial basis.

  18. Ground Versus Unground Grain for Lactating Dairy Cows. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darnell, A. L. (Albert Laurie); Copeland, O. C. (Orlin Cephas)

    1936-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LIBRARY, A & hf COLLEGE, CAMPUS. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIFkECTOR COLLE~E STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS BULLETIN NO. 530 SEPTEMBER, 193 6 DIVISION OF DAIRY HUSBANDRY Ground Versus Unground Grain far Lactating...- bandry in cooperation with the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. The double reversal method of feeding lactating dairy cows was used in comparing whole versus ground shelled corn, whole versus ground threshed oats, whole versus ground threshed...

  19. Financial Implications of Intergenerational Farm Transfers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Devin Richard

    2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    and management. The model assists in creating a before and after comparative analysis of succession for a large, medium, and small sized representative farm in Texas. Eight methods of farm transfer are analyzed: a will, trust, buy-sell and lease-to-buy agreements...

  20. EPOK Centre for Organic Food and Farming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EPOK ­ Centre for Organic Food and Farming Research on Organic Animal Husbandry in Sweden on organic production is coordinated by EPOK (Centre for Organic Food and Farming) at the Swedish University that have the potential to mitigate environmental effects. Publisher: EPOK ­ Centre for organic food

  1. EPOK Centre for Organic Food and Farming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EPOK ­ Centre for Organic Food and Farming EPOK­ Centre for Organic Food and Farming Compiling Sciences works to disseminate knowledge and coordinate research and education in the areas of organic food in the organic food chain. Range of activities Living website: www.slu.se/epok Expert responses on the internet

  2. Wind Farm Power System Model Development: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C. P.

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In some areas, wind power has reached a level where it begins to impact grid operation and the stability of local utilities. In this paper, the model development for a large wind farm will be presented. Wind farm dynamic behavior and contribution to stability during transmission system faults will be examined.

  3. Purdue Farm Energy Production & Innovation Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purdue Farm Energy Production & Innovation Center Sonny Ramaswamy Director of Agricultural Research footprints Create the Purdue Farm-EPIC #12;! Catalyze discovery of new science ! Apply advanced biological and engineering approaches to convert wind, solar, and agricultural resources/wastes into energy ! Utilize broad

  4. application farm pozo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an easyEnvironmental impact for offshore wind farms: Geolocalized Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach and floating offshore wind farms. This work was undertaken within the EU-...

  5. area tank farms: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an easyEnvironmental impact for offshore wind farms: Geolocalized Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach and floating offshore wind farms. This work was undertaken within the EU-...

  6. arabian poultry farms: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an easyEnvironmental impact for offshore wind farms: Geolocalized Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach and floating offshore wind farms. This work was undertaken within the EU-...

  7. ax tank farm: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an easyEnvironmental impact for offshore wind farms: Geolocalized Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach and floating offshore wind farms. This work was undertaken within the EU-...

  8. alternative farming: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an easyEnvironmental impact for offshore wind farms: Geolocalized Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach and floating offshore wind farms. This work was undertaken within the EU-...

  9. affecting farm diversification: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    an easyEnvironmental impact for offshore wind farms: Geolocalized Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) approach and floating offshore wind farms. This work was undertaken within the EU-...

  10. California Desert Fish Farm Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Desert Fish Farm Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name California Desert Fish Farm Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility...

  11. The Long Island Solar Farm | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy The Long Island Solar Farm More Documents & Publications The Long Island Solar Farm EA-1663: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1928: Final Environmental Assessment...

  12. The Long Island Solar Farm | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in the East. The Long Island Solar Farm More Documents & Publications The Long Island Solar Farm EA-1663: Final Environmental Assessment EA-1928: Final Environmental Assessment...

  13. Before the Committee on Agriculture Subcommittee on General Farm...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Committee on Agriculture Subcommittee on General Farm Commodities and Risk Management Before the Committee on Agriculture Subcommittee on General Farm Commodities and Risk...

  14. Independent Oversight Activity Report, Hanford Tank Farms - March...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    10-12, 2014, at the Hanford Tank Farms. The activity consisted of HSS staff observing Hanford Tank Farm operations and a Department of Energy Facility Representative training...

  15. Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Farm Wiring Financing...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Power and Light) offers a farm wiring financing program to increase farm safety, productivity and efficiency, while decreasing the potential for stray voltage on livestock...

  16. Sandia National Laboratories: Scaled Wind Farm Technology (SWIFT...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ClimateECEnergyScaled Wind Farm Technology (SWIFT) Facility Wind Turbine Controller Ground Testing Scaled Wind Farm Technology (SWIFT) Facility Wind Turbine Controller Ground...

  17. INL Wind Farm Project Description Document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary Siefert

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The INL Wind Farm project proposes to install a 20 MW to 40 MW wind farm on government property, consisting of approximately ten to twenty full-sized (80-meter hub height) towers with 2 MW turbines, and access roads. This includes identifying the optimal turbine locations, building access roads, and pouring the tower foundations in preparation for turbine installation. The project successfully identified a location on INL lands with commercially viable wind resources (i.e., greater than 11 mph sustained winds) for a 20 to 40 MW wind farm. Additionally, the proposed Wind Farm was evaluated against other General Plant Projects, General Purpose Capital Equipment projects, and Line Item Construction Projects at the INL to show the relative importance of the proposed Wind Farm project.

  18. The prevalence of off-farm employment among married farm women residing in Texas: a human ecological approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiflett, Kathy Lynn

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    women in a California county, Sharp et al. (1986) found that farm women had higher involvement in production decisions, gaining management information and task participation on livestock production farms than on crop production farms... of days employed off the farm, reside on farms with low gross farm incomes and percents of farmland owned, and who reside in counties with the greatest nonfarm sustenance diversity. Similar findings are also found from multiple regression analysis...

  19. The effects of feed area design on the social behaviour of dairy cattle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rioja-Lang, Fiona C

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objective of this thesis was to assess the effect of feed area design including feeding space availability, barrier type and stocking density, on the feeding behaviour of dairy cows. Feed intake in dairy cows ...

  20. Replacing standard dairy produce by low saturated fat equivalents is one of the usual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    in the dairy protein intake. To test the influence of dairy pro- tein on cholesterol metabolism, we submit- ted by density gradient ultracentrifuga- tion. Body weight and food intake remained constant throughout the study

  1. Thermo-chemical conversion of dairy waste based biomass through direct firing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlin, Nicholas Thomas

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Growing rates of manure produced from large dairies have increased concern for the environmental quality of nearby streams and watersheds. Typically the manure from the freestalls on these dairies is flushed with water to a mechanical separator...

  2. EA-1979: Summit Wind Farm, Summit, South Dakota

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Western Area Power Administration (Western) is preparing an EA to analyze the potential environmental impacts of the proposed Summit Wind Farm, a 99-MW wind farm south of Summit, South Dakota. The proposed wind farm would interconnect to Western’s existing transmission line within the footprint of the wind farm.

  3. Wind Farm Portfolio Optimization under Network Capacity Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Wind Farm Portfolio Optimization under Network Capacity Constraints H´el`ene Le Cadre, Anthony of wind farms in a Market Coupling organization, for two Market Designs (exogenous prices and endogenous of efficient wind farm portfolios, is derived theoretically as a function of the number of wind farms

  4. Farm Business Management for the 21st Century Purdue Extension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farm Business Management for the 21st Century Purdue Extension West Lafayette, IN 47907 The Internal Analysis of Your Farm Business: What Is Your Farms Competitive Advantage? PURDUE EXTENSION EC-721 University Assessing the strengths and weaknesses of your farm business will help you iden- tify those

  5. Hydroacoustic Monitoring of Fish Communities in Offshore Wind Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Hydroacoustic Monitoring of Fish Communities in Offshore Wind Farms Annual Report 2004 Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Published: May 2005 Prepared by: Christian B. Hvidt Lars Brünner Frank Reier farms Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm 2004 2519-03-003-rev3.doc TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE 1. Introduction

  6. Offshore Wind Farm Layout Optimization (OWFLO) Project: Preliminary Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Offshore Wind Farm Layout Optimization (OWFLO) Project: Preliminary Results Christopher N. Elkinton the layout of an offshore wind farm presents a significant engineering challenge. Most of the optimization literature to date has focused on land-based wind farms, rather than on offshore farms. Typically, energy

  7. Challenges in Predicting Power Output from Offshore Wind Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pryor, Sara C.

    Challenges in Predicting Power Output from Offshore Wind Farms R. J. Barthelmie1 and S. C. Pryor2 Abstract: Offshore wind energy is developing rapidly in Europe and the trend is towards large wind farms an offshore wind farm, accurate assessment of the wind resource/power output from the wind farm is a necessity

  8. Wind Farm Structures' Impact on Harmonic Emission and Grid Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bak, Claus Leth

    in this paper. The largest wind farms in the world, Horns Rev 2 Offshore Wind Farm and Polish Karnice Onshore (WTs) with full-scale converters used in large offshore wind farms (OWFs) is increasing into consideration, the largest in the world Horns Rev 2 Offshore Wind Farm and located in Poland Karnice Onshore

  9. MICHIGAN FARM TO SCHOOL: DIGGING IN AND TAKING ROOT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MICHIGAN FARM TO SCHOOL: DIGGING IN AND TAKING ROOT WHAT IS FARM TO SCHOOL? Farm to School centers in Michigan, including school garden programs, fundraisers using local agricultural products, farmer visits. WHO IS INVOLVED IN MICHIGAN FARM TO SCHOOL? Food service professionals, farmers and distributors have

  10. Independent Oversight Review, Hanford Tank Farms- November 2011

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Review of Hanford Tank Farms Safety Basis Amendment for Double-Shell Tank Ventilation System Upgrades

  11. Obtaining Disaster Assistance for Farms and Ranches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovell, Ashley; Outlaw, Joe

    2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Agricultural producers in counties declared disaster areas may apply for assistance from the Farm Services Agency and the Texas Department of Agriculture. This leaflet explains the programs available and how to apply....

  12. AGRICULTURE, 2003 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2003 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions Situation and Challenges Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2003 An Annual Report by: Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College

  13. AX Tank Farm tank removal study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SKELLY, W.A.

    1999-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This report examines the feasibility of remediating ancillary equipment associated with the 241-AX Tank Farm at the Hanford Site. Ancillary equipment includes surface structures and equipment, process waste piping, ventilation components, wells, and pits, boxes, sumps, and tanks used to make waste transfers to/from the AX tanks and adjoining tank farms. Two remedial alternatives are considered: (1) excavation and removal of all ancillary equipment items, and (2) in-situ stabilization by grout filling, the 241-AX Tank Farm is being employed as a strawman in engineering studies evaluating clean and landfill closure options for Hanford single-shell tanks. This is one of several reports being prepared for use by the Hanford Tanks Initiative Project to explore potential closure options and to develop retrieval performance evaluation criteria for tank farms.

  14. AX Tank Farm tank removal study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SKELLY, W.A.

    1998-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This report considers the feasibility of exposing, demolishing, and removing underground storage tanks from the 241-AX Tank Farm at the Hanford Site. For the study, it was assumed that the tanks would each contain 360 ft{sup 3} of residual waste (corresponding to the one percent residual Inventory target cited in the Tri-Party Agreement) at the time of demolition. The 241-AX Tank Farm is being employed as a ''strawman'' in engineering studies evaluating clean and landfill closure options for Hanford single-shell tank farms. The report is one of several reports being prepared for use by the Hanford Tanks Initiative Project to explore potential closure options and to develop retrieval performance evaluation criteria for tank farms.

  15. Wick irrigation systems for subsistence farming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuntz, Lauren B

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Irrigation on small-scale farms has been noted as a key method to help lift subsistence farmers out of poverty. With water scarity growing around the globe and lack of access to electricity still prevalent in rural areas, ...

  16. Energy Revolving Loan Fund- Farm Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In January 2010, Michigan enacted the Public Act 242 of 2009, which established the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Revolving Loan Fund Program. The Farm Energy Audit/Assessment portion of...

  17. Tank farms criticality safety manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    FORT, L.A.

    2003-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This document defines the Tank Farms Contractor (TFC) criticality safety program, as required by Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Subpart 830.204(b)(6), ''Documented Safety Analysis'' (10 CFR 830.204 (b)(6)), and US Department of Energy (DOE) 0 420.1A, Facility Safety, Section 4.3, ''Criticality Safety.'' In addition, this document contains certain best management practices, adopted by TFC management based on successful Hanford Site facility practices. Requirements in this manual are based on the contractor requirements document (CRD) found in Attachment 2 of DOE 0 420.1A, Section 4.3, ''Nuclear Criticality Safety,'' and the cited revisions of applicable standards published jointly by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and the American Nuclear Society (ANS) as listed in Appendix A. As an informational device, requirements directly imposed by the CRD or ANSI/ANS Standards are shown in boldface. Requirements developed as best management practices through experience and maintained consistent with Hanford Site practice are shown in italics. Recommendations and explanatory material are provided in plain type.

  18. Energy conservation and cost benefits in the dairy processing industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guidance is given on measuring energy consumption in the plant and pinpointing areas where energy-conservation activities can return the most favorable economics. General energy-conservation techniques applicable to most or all segments of the dairy processing industry, including the fluid milk segment, are emphasized. These general techniques include waste heat recovery, improvements in electric motor efficiency, added insulation, refrigeration improvements, upgrading of evaporators, and increases in boiler efficiency. Specific examples are given in which these techniques are applied to dairy processing plants. The potential for energy savings by cogeneration of process steam and electricity in the dairy industry is also discussed. Process changes primarily applicable to specific milk products which have resulted in significant energy cost savings at some facilities or which promise significant contributions in the future are examined. A summary checklist of plant housekeeping measures for energy conservation and guidelines for economic evaluation of conservation alternatives are provided. (MHR)

  19. 2 Swedish Research on Organic Farming wedish research on organic farming is to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    funded by research funders that have directed calls for research on organic food systems. These funders challenge. Publisher: EPOK ­ Centre for organic food and farming at The Swedish University of Agricultural will coordinate the process of compiling the next framework programme. EPOK ­ Centre for Organic Food and Farm

  20. Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program Development of a Computer-based Benchmarking and Analytical Tool: Benchmarking and Energy & Water Savings Tool in Dairy Plants (BEST-Dairy)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Tengfang

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2 shows production and energy consumption data for the dairyon production and energy consumption data for the dairy2007. 2002 Energy Consumption by Manufacturers--Data Tables.

  1. ICPP Tank Farm planning through 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palmer, W.B.; Millet, C.B.; Staiger, M.D.; Ward, F.S.

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Historically, liquid high-level waste (HLW) generated at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant has been stored in the Tank Farm after which it is calcined with the calcine being stored in stainless steel bins. Following the curtailment of spent nuclear fuel reprocessing in 1992, the HLW treatment methods were re-evaluated to establish a path forward for producing a final waste form from the liquid sodium bearing wastes (SBW) and the HLW calcine. Projections for significant improvements in waste generation, waste blending and evaporation, and calcination were incorporated into the Tank Farm modeling. This optimized modeling shows that all of the SBW can be calcined by the end of 2012 as required by the Idaho Settlement Agreement. This Tank Farm plan discusses the use of each of the eleven HLW tanks and shows that two tanks can be emptied, allowing them to be Resource Conservation and Recovery Act closed by 2006. In addition, it describes the construction of each tank and vault, gives the chemical concentrations of the contents of each tank, based on historical input and some sampling, and discusses the regulatory drivers important to Tank Farm operation. It also discusses new waste generation, the computer model used for the Tank Farm planning, the operating schedule for each tank, and the schedule for when each tank will be empty and closed.

  2. 2D Static Light Scattering for Dairy Based Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2D Static Light Scattering for Dairy Based Applications Jacob Lercke Skytte Kongens Lyngby 2014 Ph information on the microstructure. The second paper makes a direction comparison between the light scattering a recently introduced light scattering tech- nique. The system setup of the technique is highly flexible

  3. Ruminal fermentation and forestomach digestion of peas by dairy cows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Ruminal fermentation and forestomach digestion of peas by dairy cows GR Khorasani E Okine R Corbett of peas for soybean meal resulted in a cubic response in the con- centration of total VFA, acetate, and total branch-chain fatty acids (Pacetate

  4. Glutamine and zinc methionine supplementation to dairy calves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Robin Renee

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Glutamine and zinc play an important role in immune functions of animals. The objective of this research was to determine the effects of L-glutamine or zinc methionine supplementation on 1) plasma concentrations of minerals in dairy calves, and 2...

  5. Gobar gas (biogas) survey in Nepal - 1979; a survey of three community biogas plants in Nepal - 1980; survey of present gobar gas work in India; and night soil gas plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bulmer, A.; Schlorholtz, A.; Fulford, D.J.; Peters, N.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first of these documents investigates the success of a project to bring the use of Biogas to Nepal. 50 users and 24 non-users were interviewed. The conclusions were that use of biogas in Nepal is successful, providing clean kitchens, healthier lives, and saving forests. They cause no social problems, but the service company for the plants needs improvement. The second report shows that community plants relying on continued cooperation are fragile enterprises. One of the plants ended up being run by one family, the gas distributed according to the dung input by each family. The gas was not used fully. Technical problems were partly responsible for this. In the second village technical problems and social problems reduced the number of users to 5 families from 26. In the third case the plant fell into disrepair but the social pattern of using a common area for defecation to fill the plant benefitted from having a permanent enclosure built. This scheme charged for use of the gas to help run the plant but the technical and social problems stymied correction. The third report lists the activities of various gobar gas research stations in India. The fourth report gives directions and specifications to build a night soil gas plant, including working drawings.

  6. Type of Farming Areas in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliot, F. F. (Foster Floyd); Bonnen, C. A. (Clarence Alfred)

    1931-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .. Dairu Husbandman POULTRY HUSBANDRY: - R. M. SHERWOOD, M. S., Chief AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING: H. P. SMITH, M. S., Chief MAIN STATION FARM: G. T. McN~ss, Superintendent APICULTURE (San Antonio) : 13. B. PARKS, B. S., Chief A. H. ALEX, B. S., Queen...-L180 I'EXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMkNrI' FI'AI'ION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR - COLLEGE, STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS - JLLETIN NO. 427 MAY, 1931 1IVISION OF FARM AND RANCH ECONOMICS i COOPERATION WITH THE BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL ECO- NOMICS...

  7. Great Plains Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJump to: navigation,II Wind FarmGratiotLakesWind Farm Jump

  8. Kenetech Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOf Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii |Island,Kas Farms WindKemp, Texas:Wind Farm Jump

  9. Top Crop Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <MaintainedInformationThePty LtdOpenHabitatand CalculatorFarmFarm

  10. TANK FARM INTERIM SURFACE BARRIER MATERIALS AND RUNOFF ALTERNATIVES STUDY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HOLM MJ

    2009-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This report identifies candidate materials and concepts for interim surface barriers in the single-shell tank farms. An analysis of these materials for application to the TY tank farm is also provided.

  11. Mechanical harvesting of leafy greens on small farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraines, Kathleen (Kathleen Agnes)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the last century and a half, farming practices have been revolutionized by the advent of mechanical harvesters, but there is a disparity between available agricultural technology and the technology used in the farm ...

  12. Bob Scowcroft: Executive Director, Organic Farming Research Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    year. Reti: A far cry from La Honda, with the “no showers”Farming conference, in La Honda. Reti: What was that like?of Eco-Farm. We’d sit in La Honda shivering our asses off,

  13. The 2008 Farm Bill What's In It For Specialty Crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ Promote diversification of rural areas through biobased energy ­ Enhance efficiency of bioenergy Show 21st Century Challenges, The Farm Bill, and Purdue Agriculture Sonny Ramaswamy ·Grand challenges. · Agricultural Competitiveness ­ Improving crop and animal agriculture; enhancing farm productivity and income

  14. Wind Farms through the Years | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the Years 1975 Start Slow Stop Year Wind Farms Homes Powered Added Current Year 833 Wind Farms Online. Enough to Power 15 M Homes Data provided by the EIA. The number of...

  15. Hard Bottom Substrate Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hard Bottom Substrate Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Annual Status Report 2003 #12;Hard Bottom Substrate Monitoring Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Annual Status Report 2003 Published: 14 May 2004

  16. Wind Farm Aggregation Impact on Power Quality: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bialasiewicz, J. T.; Muljadi, E.

    2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explores the effects of wind farm power fluctuations on the power network. A dynamic simulation of a wind farm is performed and the spatial distribution of the wind turbines is considered.

  17. Alliant Energy (Wisconsin Power and Light) - Farm Wiring Grant...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Power and Light) offers a Farm Wiring Grant program to increase farm safety, productivity and efficiency. The first 1,000 of the cost of the project is covered by a grant,...

  18. Solar Farm Going Strong at Water Treatment Plant in Pennsylvania...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Solar Farm Going Strong at Water Treatment Plant in Pennsylvania Solar Farm Going Strong at Water Treatment Plant in Pennsylvania October 8, 2010 - 10:39am Addthis Aqua...

  19. SEP Success Story: Farming Out Heat and Electricity through Biopower...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in Skagit County, Washington, supply the biodigester developed by Kevin Maas of Farm Power up to 70,000 gallons of manure per day. The newest Farm Power facility in Washington...

  20. Home and Farm Security Machinery and Equipment Identification. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Gary S.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    73 Fibme and Farm Security -m Machinery and Equipment identification Home and Farm Security chinery and Equipment Identification *Gary S. Nelson is no longer just an urban problem. d burglaries in rural communities have to an alarming...

  1. User's Manual for BEST-Dairy: Benchmarking and Energy/water-Saving Tool (BEST) for the Dairy Processing Industry (Version 1.2)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, T.; Ke, J.; Sathaye, J.

    2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This User's Manual summarizes the background information of the Benchmarking and Energy/water-Saving Tool (BEST) for the Dairy Processing Industry (Version 1.2, 2011), including'Read Me' portion of the tool, the sections of Introduction, and Instructions for the BEST-Dairy tool that is developed and distributed by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL).

  2. An Economic Analysis of U.S. Farm Programs Including Senate and House Farm Bills on Representative Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knapek, George M

    2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    and Orden (2009) investigated ACRE and its World Trade 10 Organization implications. Cooper (2009) studied corn data for Barnes County, North Dakota, and Logan County, Illinois, under both a low and high price scenarios. His study found that ACRE... .......................................................................................... 10 Simulation and Representative Farms ............................................ 12 III METHODOLOGY AND MODEL ...................................................... 15 Stochastic Simulation...

  3. Costs, marketing and economic impact of catfish farming in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lambregts, Johannes Adrianus

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Farms (Small, Medium and Large) on The Upper Texas Coast in 1991 by Size . 98 A2 Cash Flow for a Small (66 ha, 163 ac) Catfish Farm Along the Upper Texas Coast During the First Five Operating Years... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . ?. ?, . . . . . 104 A3 Cash Flow for a Medium (132 ha, 323 ac) Catfish Farm Along the Upper Texas Coast During the First Five Operating Years. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 A4 Cash Flow for a Large (264 ha, 643 ac) Catfish Farm Along the Upper Texas...

  4. Industrial engineering study of tank farm access qualifications and validations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sterling, S.G., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering study of alternatives to reduce costs of validation worker`s qualification prior to Tank Farm area access.

  5. Ris-R-1444(EN) CleverFarm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    an integrated monitoring system for wind farms, where all information would be available and could be used across the wind farm for maintenance and component health assessments. This would enable wind farm 43 5.1 A Gram&Juhl success story 43 5.2 Results of the data mining 44 6 Concluding remarks 54

  6. Stability Improvement of Wind Farms using Shunt and Series Compensation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pota, Himanshu Roy

    Stability Improvement of Wind Farms using Shunt and Series Compensation T. F. Orchi, Student Member in stability improvement of wind farms. Static synchronous compensator (STATCOM) and static synchronous series enhance the performance of wind farms, however, they can be selected for a system depending on the system

  7. Effects of Topography on Assessing Wind Farm Impacts Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Liming

    Effects of Topography on Assessing Wind Farm Impacts Using MODIS Data Liming Zhou* Department) there is a pattern of LST change associated with the de- velopment of wind farms and (ii) the warming effect over wind farms reported previously is an artifact of varied surface topography. Spatial pattern and time

  8. Summary report: The shadow effect of large wind farms: measurements,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summary report: The shadow effect of large wind farms: measurements, data analysis and modelling of large wind farms Department: Wind Energy Risř-R-1615(EN) July 2007 ISSN 0106-2840 ISBN 978 of the project ­ by means of data from the demonstration wind farms Horns Rev and Nysted, analyses of these data

  9. Optimizing the Design of a Wind Farm Collection Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hertz, Alain

    Optimizing the Design of a Wind Farm Collection Network Alain Hertz GERAD and D´epartement de math design problem. Key Words: Network design, wind farm, mixed integer program- ming, cutting planes. #12;Optimizing the Design of a Wind Farm Collection Network 1 1 Introduction The design of networks plays

  10. Wind Farm Power Prediction: A Data-Mining Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    Wind Farm Power Prediction: A Data-Mining Approach Andrew Kusiak*, Haiyang Zheng and Zhe Song, IA 52242­1527, USA In this paper, models for short- and long-term prediction of wind farm power length of the long-term prediction model is 84 h. The wind farm power prediction models are built

  11. Effects of the Horns Reef Wind Farm on har-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Effects of the Horns Reef Wind Farm on har- bour porpoises. - Interim report to Elsam Engineering monitoring program of harbour porpoises in and around Horns Reef offshore wind farm. Due to substantial maintenance activities on the turbines in Horns Reef wind farm in 2004, it was decided to suspend

  12. Energy-Efficient Dynamic Capacity Provisioning in Server Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harchol-Balter, Mor

    Energy-Efficient Dynamic Capacity Provisioning in Server Farms Anshul Gandhi Varun Gupta Mor, either expressed or implied, of NSF. #12;Keywords: Server farms, Power management, Queueing theory #12;Abstract A central question in designing server farms today is how to efficiently provision the number

  13. Switching transients in wind farm grids Poul Srensen1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    power collection grid of Nysted offshore wind farm. A number of switching events have been performed of large offshore wind farms have been developed, and there are significant plans for further offshore wind larger wind power installations such as offshore wind farms has increased the focus from TSO's on how

  14. Ris-R-Report Power fluctuations from large wind farms -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract (max. 2000 char.): Experience from power system operation with the first large offshore wind farm acquired at the two large offshore wind farms in Denmark are applied to validate the models. FinallyRisř-R-Report Power fluctuations from large wind farms - Final report Poul Sřrensen, Pierre Pinson

  15. Review report 2004 The Danish Offshore Wind Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - 1 - Review report 2004 The Danish Offshore Wind Farm Demonstration Project: Horns Rev and Nysted Offshore Wind Farms Environmental impact assessment and monitoring Prepared for The Environmental Group By Elsam Engineering and ENERGI E2 October 2005 #12;- 2 - Review Report 2004 The Danish Offshore Wind Farm

  16. Teaching Direct Marketing and Small Farm Viability: Resources for Instructors, 2nd Edition. Part 7 - Food Safety on the Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    contamination of crop, water source, harvesting equipment,water, manure and municipal solids, and farming activities such as harvesting,

  17. AGRICULTURE, 2002 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2002 Current Wisconsin Farm Financial Conditions Situation of the Wisconsin Cranberry Industry Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural-Extension #12;STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2002 An Annual Report by: Department of Agricultural and Applied

  18. Integrated approaches to farming systems research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and ecological aspects · Assesses renewable, non- renewable and purchased resources · Based on a common currency SI = Utilises renewable resources readily · Spring barley is exploiting resources more efficiently · Winter oilseed is more reliant on non-renewable resources · What we plan to do next: ­ Compare farm

  19. ISP Server Farm Better Surfing Through Caching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Daniel

    ISP Server Farm Better Surfing Through Caching Jason Goggin, Erik Nordlander, Daniel Loreto, and Adam Oliner April 1, 2004 1 Introduction The Internet places heavy demands on servers to provide a continuous, reliable, and efficient service to clients. Servers should be resilient to failures, able

  20. Hanford Communities Issue Briefing on Tank Farms

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Department of Energy Office of River Protection representatives Stacy Charboneau (Deputy Manager) and Tom Fletcher (Tank Farms Assistant Manager) and Washington State Department of Ecology's Suzanne Dahl (Tank Waste Section Manager) discuss Hanford's complex tank waste retrieval mission with members of the community.

  1. T-Farm complex alarm upgrades

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, J.B.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The alarm and controls associated with the T, TX, and TY farms are located in the 242-T control room. The design data for replacement and upgrades of the alarm panels is in this document. This task was canceled previous to the 90% design review point.

  2. Genetic evaluation of crossbred dairy cattle for milk production, feed efficiency and reproduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supreme, Frantz

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GENETIC EVALUATION OF CROSSBRED DAIRY CATTLE FOR MILK PRODUCTION, FEED EFFICIENCY AND REPRODUCTION A Thesis by FRANTZ SUPREME Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University ir. partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1986 Major Subject: Dairy Science GENETIC EVALUATION OF CROSSBRED DAIRY CATTLE FOR MILK PRODUCTION, FEED EFFICIENCY AND REPRODUCTION A Thesis by FRANTZ SUPREME Approved as to style and content by: R. W. Blake...

  3. Sugarcane and agroforestry farming in western Kenya A comparative study of different farming systems in the Nyando district

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sugarcane and agroforestry farming in western Kenya A comparative study of different farming of Agricultural Sciences #12;2 Sugarcane and agroforestry farming in western Kenya - A comparative study.) intercropped with food crops in an agroforestry system, Kopere, Kenya. Photo: Ida Lindell Keywords

  4. The impact of Texas water quality laws on dairy firm profitability and survival

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmucker, John Francis

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Francis Schmucker, B. A. , Texas Tech University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. David J. Leatham Dairy waste management is one of the most important issues faced by Texas dairy producers. The Texas Water Commission regulations state there shall... be no discharge of waste and/or waste water into the waters of the State of Texas. The regulations also require a dairy having 250 or more milking cows to have a Texas Water Commission permit to operate. Dairy managers should therefore determine the least...

  5. Characteristics and Changes in the Texas Farm Population.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skrabanek, R. L.

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the State; only 2 counties in the western part had more than 500 nonwhites in their farm population in 1950. Harrison, Marion and San Jacinto counties in the eastern section had more nonwhites than white people residing on farms in 1950. Only 3 counties..., Marion and San Jacinto, had more nonwhite than white farm peo- ple in both 1940 and 1950. Freestone county had more Negro than white farm people in 1950 but not in 1940. The importance of the Negro farm population in the eastern part of the State...

  6. Tank Farms Documented Safety Analysis [Sec 1 thru 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    GOETZ, T.G.

    2003-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Tank Farm Documented Safety Analysis documents the basis for the conclusion that authorized Tank Farms facility operations comply with the requirements of DOE 5480.23 and DOE 5480.22. This documented safety analysis establishes the safety basis for the tank farms by documenting the results of the hazard and accident analyses for the tank farm facilities and operations and describing the significant features and programs that prevent or mitigate the identified hazards. The documented safety analysis also establishes the envelope within which the tank farm facilities can continue to operate safely.

  7. Guidelines for Managing Large Dairy Herds in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, R. C.; Parsons, Guy S.; Meekma, A. M.; White, Thomas H. Jr.

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the years in these areas, large dairy herds have developed that are often heavily de- pendent upon purchased feedstuffs. The competition for land for alternative uses and the high cost of irrigation water has curtailed forage production on many diary.... In recent years the supply of high-quality replacement cows available for purchase has decreased. More emphasis is being placed upon raising replace- ments. A few dairymen start their own calves and then contract to have them grown out by an experienced...

  8. Cycling of Geotube® Solids from Dairy Lagoons Through Turfgrass Sod

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnell, R.; Tahboub, M.; Vietor, D.; Munster, C.; Provin, T.; Mukhtar, S.

    or socks made of synthetic fibers. Alum (aluminum sulfate) and polymers are injected into wastewater during pumping from lagoons into the socks to facilitate particle flocculation as water drains out of the tube through pores in the fabric. Solids... of alum and polymers during effluent treatment raises questions about the sustainability of Geotube ? solids application to agricultural or urban soils within or outside watersheds on which dairies are located (Sims et al. 2005). Sustainable systems...

  9. Phosphorus reduction in dairy effluent through flocculation and precipitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bragg, Amanda Leann

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    al., 15 1999). DADMAC is also widely used as an industrial flocculant. Cationic PAMs have been found to be more efficient than aluminum sulfate and to chemically react with dissolved organics to form colloids (Narkis and Rebhun, 1997). Narkis... effluents are similar to domestic wastewater; therefore methods used for treatment of human wastes may be used for animal wastes. Using these methodologies may not be economically feasible for the dairy industry (Grimm, 1972). Physical, chemical...

  10. HOW DO THEY DO IT DOWN UNDER? New Zealand dairy producers have huge exports and low costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    HOW DO THEY DO IT DOWN UNDER? New Zealand dairy producers have huge exports and low costs. But it is the world's largest dairy exporter, and, unlike the European Union and the United States, New Zealand provides no export subsidies. About 95 percent of New Zealand milk ends up as dairy products consumed

  11. Toxic chemical considerations for tank farm releases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Keuren, J.C.; Davis, J.S., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This topical report contains technical information used to determine the accident consequences of releases of toxic chemical and gases for the Tank Farm Final Safety Analysis report (FSAR).It does not provide results for specific accident scenarios but does provide information for use in those calculations including chemicals to be considered, chemical concentrations, chemical limits and a method of summing the fractional contributions of each chemical. Tank farm composites evaluated were liquids and solids for double shell tanks, single shell tanks, all solids,all liquids, headspace gases, and 241-C-106 solids. Emergency response planning guidelines (ERPGs) were used as the limits.Where ERPGs were not available for the chemicals of interest, surrogate ERPGs were developed. Revision 2 includes updated sample data, an executive summary, and some editorial revisions.

  12. Minerals to Dairy Cows with Focus on Calcium and Magnesium Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minerals to Dairy Cows with Focus on Calcium and Magnesium Balance Cecilia Kronqvist Faculty;Minerals to Dairy Cows with Focus on Calcium and Magnesium Balance Abstract Both clinical and subclinical decreased plasma calcium levels and activated the calcium homeostatic mechanisms. However, there were

  13. 2013 Minnesota Organic Dairy Day The University of Minnesota West Central Research and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    and recyclable paper with at least 10 percent postconsumer waste material. #12;2013 Minnesota Organic Dairy Day The University of Minnesota West Central Research and Outreach Center's Organic Dairy Day will be held Tuesday, August 13, 2012, at Morris, MN from 10:00 am to 3:00 pm

  14. A Study of the Electrical Energy Usage Patterns of a Texas Dairy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, K. C.; Pollard, K. W.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A one-year study was done on a modern dairy operation located in Hopkins County, Texas to determine the load patterns and total energy use of the major electrical loads in the dairy. It was found that the vacuum pumps for the milking machines...

  15. Bioconversion of dairy manure by black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) for biodiesel and sugar production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomberlin, Jeff

    Bioconversion of dairy manure by black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) for biodiesel and sugar (BSFL) are consid- ered as a new biotechnology to convert dairy manure into biodiesel and sugar. BSFL from BSFL by petroleum ether, and then be treated with a two-step method to produce biodiesel

  16. An economic study of farm enterprises and enterprise combinations on part-time farms in Northeast Texas with reference to suitability for part-time farm operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Wayne E

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , classiftcacion in 1995 ChaC classified parC~Cime farmers as chose wich 50 co 1SO productive msn work units (days of labor) in chair farming oPeraCions, when combined with off-farm workou lee gener- el Cype of classificaCion ha? noC been enxirely discarded...

  17. Hanford Tank Farms Vadose Zone, Addendum to the T Tank Farm Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spatz, Robert

    2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This addendum to the T Tank Farm Report (GJO-99-101-TARA, GJO-HAN-27) published in September 1999 incorporates the results of high-rate and repeat logging activities along with shape factor analysis of the logging incorporates the results of high-rate and repeat logging activities along with shape factor analysis of the logging data. A high-rate logging system was developed and deployed in the T Tank Farm to measure cesium-137 concentration levels in high gamma flux zones where the spectral gamma logging system was unable to collect usable data because of high dead times and detector saturation. This report presents additional data and revised visualizations of subsurface contaminant distribution in the T Tank Farm at the DOE Hanford Site in the state of Washington.

  18. Vadose zone characterization project at the Hanford Tank Farms: U Tank Farm Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy Grand Junction Office (DOE-GJO) was tasked by the DOE Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL) to perform a baseline characterization of the gamma-ray-emitting radionuclides that are distributed in the vadose zone sediments beneath and around the single-shell tanks (SSTs) at the Hanford Site. The intent of this characterization is to determine the nature and extent of the contamination, to identify contamination sources when possible, and to develop a baseline of the contamination distribution that will permit future data comparisons. This characterization work also allows an initial assessment of the impacts of the vadose zone contamination as required by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). This characterization project involves acquiring information regarding vadose zone contamination with borehole geophysical logging methods and documenting that information in a series of reports. This information is presently limited to detection of gamma-emitting radionuclides from both natural and man-made sources. Data from boreholes surrounding each tank are compiled into individual Tank Summary Data Reports. The data from each tank in a tank farm are then compiled and summarized in a Tank Farm Report. This document is the Tank Farm Report for the U Tank Farm. Logging operations used high-purity germanium detection systems to acquire laboratory-quality assays of the gamma-emitting radionuclides in the sediments around and below the tanks. These assays were acquired in 59 boreholes that surround the U Tank Farm tanks. Logging of all boreholes was completed in December 1995, and the last Tank Summary Data Report for the U Tank Farm was issued in September 1996.

  19. Fixed Bed Countercurrent Low Temperature Gasification of Dairy Biomass and Coal-Dairy Biomass Blends Using Air-Steam as Oxidizer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordillo Ariza, Gerardo

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Concentrated animal feeding operations such as cattle feedlots and dairies produce a large amount of manure, cattle biomass (CB), which may lead to land, water, and air pollution if waste handling systems and storage and ...

  20. The Expanding Dairy Industry: Impact on Ground Water Quality and Quantity with Emphasis on Waste Management System Evaluation for Open Lot Dairies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sweeten, John M.; Wolfe, Mary Leigh

    of dairy waste management practices. The results of these studies will aid producers, engineers, planners, and regulatory officials in the refinement and adoption of appropriate practices for water quality protection....

  1. Limits to the power density of very large wind farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishino, Takafumi

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple analysis is presented concerning an upper limit of the power density (power per unit land area) of a very large wind farm located at the bottom of a fully developed boundary layer. The analysis suggests that the limit of the power density is about 0.38 times $\\tau_{w0}U_{F0}$, where $\\tau_{w0}$ is the natural shear stress on the ground (that is observed before constructing the wind farm) and $U_{F0}$ is the natural or undisturbed wind speed averaged across the height of the farm to be constructed. Importantly, this implies that the maximum extractable power from such a very large wind farm will not be proportional to the cubic of the wind speed at the farm height, or even the farm height itself, but be proportional to $U_{F0}$.

  2. An Economic Study of Farm Organization in the Piney Woods Farming Area of Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnen, C. A. (Clarence Alfred); Thibodeaux, B. H.; Criswell, J. F.

    1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Farm: G. T. McNess, Superintendent Apiculture (San Antonio) : H. B. Parks, B. S.. Chief A. H. Alex, B. S., Queen Breeder Feed Control Service : F. D. Fuller. M. S., Chief Zames Sullivan, Asst. Chief I S. D. Pearce. Secretarv j J. H. ~ogers...I TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT S~AT~ON-~~~O I I A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR 1 COLLEGE STATION. BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS / BULLETIN NO. 453 SEPTEMBER, 1932 I I - 1 DIVISION OF FARM AND RANCH ECONOMICS I IN COOPERATION WITH BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL...

  3. Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Impact Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Impact Assessment of Sea Bottom and Marine Biology #12 Design ApS 01.03.2000 #12;Bio/consult A/S Horns Rev. Offshore Wind Farm Doc. No. 1680-1-02-03-003 rev. 1........................................................................................................................................................... 36 #12;Bio/consult A/S ELSAM Horns Rev. Offshore Wind Farm Doc. No. 1680-1-02-03-003 rev. 1 Page 4

  4. Financial Management: The Key to Farm-Firm Business Management 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pena, Jose G.; Klinefelter, Danny A.

    2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    and resources, should be prepared for each commodity and for the whole farm/ ranch. A long-term strategic assessment based ? on both historical data and current outlook information. This should include an assessment of government farm programs, the general... economic outlook (e.g., inflation, interest rates, taxes), specific industry/commodity outlook (trends and cycles), and technological developments. Individual enterprise budgets and a ? consolidated whole farm/ranch cash flow projection by month...

  5. Home and Farm Security Machinery and Equipment Identification.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Gary S.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    73 Fibme and Farm Security -m Machinery and Equipment identification Home and Farm Security chinery and Equipment Identification *Gary S. Nelson is no longer just an urban problem. d burglaries in rural communities have to an alarming... insurance y equipment replacement, lost work urs and so forth. mers can discourage and minimize y theft from their farms is by providing a law enforcement officers to easily identify Mark all machinery and tools with a tification number (ID). Use...

  6. NNSA Awards Contract for Largest Federal Wind Farm to Siemens...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Contract for Largest Federal Wind Farm to Siemens Government Technologies, Inc. | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission...

  7. White Creek and Nine Canyon wind farms Fact Sheet

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    additional wind storage and shaping services. Since these White Creek and Nine Canyon wind farms December 2006 2 Bonne ville Power Administration DOEBP-3770 November 2006...

  8. Review of the Hanford Tank Farms Radiological Controls Activity...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Independent Oversight Review of the Hanford Tank Farms Radiological Controls Activity-Level Implementation May 2011 December 2012 Office of Safety and Emergency Management...

  9. Quantifying Cradle-to-Farm Gate Life Cycle Impacts Associated...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Life Cycle Impacts Associated with Fertilizer used for Corn, Soybean, and Stover Production Quantifying Cradle-to-Farm Gate Life Cycle Impacts Associated with Fertilizer used...

  10. active farm management: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    monitoring and controls... Pena, Jose G.; Klinefelter, Danny A. 2008-10-17 5 Stochastic Models and Analysis for Resource Management in Server Farms Computer Technologies and...

  11. Sandia National Laboratories: DOE/Sandia Scaled Wind Farm Technology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sandia Scaled Wind Farm Technology New Facility Tool at SWiFT Makes Rotor Work More Efficient On January 22, 2014, in Energy, Facilities, News, News & Events, Partnership,...

  12. african farming systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Systems with Applications in Advanced Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Wind Farms with Battery Storage. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Modern hybrid electric vehicles...

  13. Wendy Krupnick: Pioneering UCSC Farm and Garden Apprentice, Educator, Horticulturalist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    UCSC Farm and Garden Apprentice, Educator, Horticulturalist77 as an Mark Lipson apprentice at the UC Santa Cruz Farmfor alumni of its apprentice program and other interested

  14. Sandia National Laboratories: Scaled Wind Farm Technologies Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Technologies Facility Scaled Wind Farm Technology Facility Baselining Project Accelerates Work On April 7, 2014, in Energy, Facilities, News, News & Events, Partnership, Renewable...

  15. Sandia National Laboratories: Sandia/KAFB Wind Farm

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and economic competitiveness. Tagged with: Energy * Renewable Energy * wind energy * Wind Farm Comments are closed. Last Updated: September 8, 2011 Go To Top Exceptional service...

  16. Fact Sheet: Wind Firming EnergyFarm (October 2012)

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Energy Storage Program Primus Power American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Wind Firming EnergyFarm Using energy storage to...

  17. Vandose Zone Characterization Project at the Hanford Tank Farms: SX Tank Farm Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodeur, J.R.; Koizumi, C.J.; Bertsch, J.F.

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The SX Tank Farm is located in the southwest portion of the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. This tank farm consists of 15 single-shell tanks (SSTs), each with an individual capacity of 1 million gallons (gal). These tanks currently store high-level nuclear waste that was primarily generated from what was called the oxidation-reduction or {open_quotes}REDOX{close_quotes} process at the S-Plant facility. Ten of the 15 tanks are listed in Hanlon as {open_quotes}assumed leakers{close_quotes} and are known to have leaked various amounts of high-level radioactive liquid to the vadose zone sediment. The current liquid content of each tank varies, but the liquid from known leaking tanks has been removed to the extent possible. In 1994, the U.S. Department of Energy Richland Office (DOE-RL) requested the DOE Grand Junction Projects Office (GJPO), Grand Junction, Colorado, to perform a baseline characterization of contamination in the vadose zone at all the SST farms with spectral gamma-ray logging of boreholes surrounding the tanks. The SX Tank Farm geophysical logging was completed, and the results of this baseline characterization are presented in this report.

  18. Impacts of Farm Policies and Technology on the Economic Viability of Texas Southern High Plains Wheat Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, James W.; Smith, Edward G.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    prob ability of generating a 3% or greater return on equity and will be able to grow over the 10-year planning horizon. The greatest percentage increase in average ending farm size was evident for the 1,280-acre farm, followed by the 1,920-acre... reserves. ; Yield-enhancing technology anticipated over the next 10 years will likely contribute to farm growth. Farms which initially adopt new technology will accrue the greatest benefits. A 2-year, interest rate subsidy program rather than a debt...

  19. Impacts of Farm Policies and Technology on the Economic Viability of Texas Southern High Plains Wheat Farms.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, James W.; Smith, Edward G.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    lOC :A245.7 H3~ :) ,'---( _..----' I ... - Impacts of Farm Policies and Technology on the Economic Viability of Southern High Plains Wheat Farms tiD'" A".,V SEP 04 1985 8-1506 August 1985 THE TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION.../Neville P. Clarke, DirectorlThe Texas A&M University System/College Station, Texas (Blank Pale In OrigIIW BuUetinl :. ' , ' .. ; ~ :.' IMPACTS OF? FARM POLICIES AND TECHNOLOGY ON THE ECONOMIC VIABILITY OF SOUTHERN HIGH PLAINS WHEAT FARMS James W...

  20. Impacts of Farm Policies and Technology on the Economic Viability of Texas Southern High Plains Cotton Farms.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, James W.; Smith, Edward G.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    we fA245 .7 B73 0, )'505 Impacts of Farm Policies and Technology on the Economic Viability of ' Texas Southern High Plains Cotton Farms ~ --rfii~tt'{ APR 201981 8-1505 August 1985 THE TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION/Neville P.... Clarke, Director/The Texas A&M University System/College Station, Texas (Blank Pa,ge In Origbral-BuUetlai k "",", ~- . Ai! IMPACTS OF FARM POLICIES AND TECHNOLOGY ON THE ECONOMIC VIABILITY OF TEXAS SOUTHERN HIGH PLAINS COTTON FARMS James W...

  1. Flat Water Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 NoEuropeStrat.pdfInactive JumpFirst WindWater Wind Farm Jump to:

  2. Forward Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489Information HydroFontana,datasetWind Farm Jump to: navigation,

  3. Glacier I Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd toWell2008) |GigaCrete IncI Wind Farm Jump to:

  4. Golden Hills Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJump to: navigation, search Equivalent URIWind Farm Jump

  5. Grand Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJump to: navigation,II Wind Farm Jump to:

  6. Grant County Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJump to: navigation,II Wind Farm JumpReliable PowerCounty

  7. Gray County Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJump to: navigation,II Wind FarmGratiot CountyCounty Wind

  8. Gulf Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergy InformationGrupo(RedirectedWind Farm Jump

  9. Affinity Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlinPapersWindeySanta2004) | OpenInformationAffinity Wind Farm Jump

  10. Agriwind Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlinPapersWindeySanta2004) |Agawam, Massachusetts:EnergyAgriwind Wind Farm

  11. US Wind Farming Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shreniksource History ViewFarming Inc Place:

  12. Vansycle Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global EnergyUtility Rate Home >VairexAlstyne,Wind Farm Jump to:

  13. Victory Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global EnergyUtility Rate HomeVela Jump to:IsourceSchoolI JumpWind Farm

  14. Viking Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global EnergyUtility Rate HomeVela JumpInformationViking Wind Farm

  15. Waverly Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri GlobalJump to: navigation,Goff, 2002) | OpenEnergy ASWavegenWind Farm

  16. Windridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1 Wind Project Jump to:Wilson HotWalkersWindridge Wind Farm Jump

  17. Buffalo Gap Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  18. Buffalo Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  19. Farms to Fuels | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

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  20. Pinnacle Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  1. Pomeroy III Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. Pomeroy IV Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  3. Pomeroy Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  4. Hancock County Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  5. Hartland Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  6. Hatchet Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  7. Hopkins Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  8. IDGWP Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  9. Intrepid Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  10. JJN Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  11. Jeffers Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  12. Jersey Atlantic Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  13. Klondike Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  14. Kodiak Island Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. Lake Palmdale Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Lalamilo Wells Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  17. Laredo Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  18. Oliver II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  19. Patton Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  20. Locust Ridge Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  1. Lookout Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. Lost Creek Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  3. Lost Lakes Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  4. Majestic Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  5. Rail Splitter Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | Roadmap Jump to:b <RGSRadium HotRail Splitter Wind Farm

  6. Ralls Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  7. Rugby Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  8. San Jacinto Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  9. Smoky Hills Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  10. Farm Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  11. Farming for Fuels | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. Category UC-lFederalFYRANDOMFailure Modes andFarming Out Heat

  12. Marengo II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  13. Moe Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  14. Mogul Energy Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. Nine Canyon Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  16. Noble Chateaugay Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  17. Arnold Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  18. Ashtabula II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  19. Bent Tree Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  20. Biglow Canyon Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  1. Bingham Lake Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. South Holt Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  3. St. Mary's Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  4. Star Point Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  5. Stetson Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  6. Story County Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  7. Summerside Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  8. Tillamook Offshore Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  9. Titan I Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  10. Turtle Mountain Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  11. Twin Buttes Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  12. Calwind Resources Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

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  13. Cannon I Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  14. Carleton College Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LPInformation 8thCalwindCaribbean Energy ResourcesWind Farm

  15. Chanarambie Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.png El CER es una instituciĂłn queChamcaChanarambie Wind Farm

  16. Combine Hills Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.png ElColumbia, North Carolina: Energy ResourcesWind Farm

  17. Crane Creek Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.pngRoofs and Heat Islands2007) |of LosPublisher NotWind Farm

  18. Crofton Hills Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.pngRoofs and Heat Islands2007)Criterion JumpHills Wind Farm

  19. Tank Farm Area Cleanup Decision-Making

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our InstagramStructureProposedPAGESafety Tag: SafetyTakingH-1Reader's GuideCoverFarm

  20. US Farms Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtle Airships JumpTypefor Africa |Green6 Product: US Farms

  1. Diablo Winds Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision hasda62829c05bGabbs TypeWinds Wind Farm Jump to:

  2. Difwind I Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision hasda62829c05bGabbs TypeWinds Wind Farm8)Difwind I

  3. Difwind II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision hasda62829c05bGabbs TypeWinds Wind Farm8)Difwind

  4. Difwind V Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision hasda62829c05bGabbs TypeWinds Wind Farm8)DifwindV

  5. Dillon Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision hasda62829c05bGabbs TypeWinds WindDilconWind Farm

  6. PROJECTS FROM FEDERAL REGION IX DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROPRIATE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM PART II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case, C.W.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    biogas (60% methane) daily may be collected from digesters cover- ing an entire pond farm, with a heating

  7. Paternalism and Law: The micropolitics of farm workers’ evictions and rural activism in the Western Cape of South Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nolan, Pauline J

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis deals with the micro-politics of farm workers’ evictions. It documents farm workers’ narratives of the processes of eviction and displacement from farms in the Western Cape of South Africa. It analyses farm ...

  8. Analysis of ICPP tank farm infiltration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richards, B.T.

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report addresses water seeping into underground vaults which contain high-level liquid waste (HLLW) storage tanks at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP). Each of the vaults contains from one to three sumps. The original purpose of the sumps was to serve as a backup leak detection system for release of HLLW from the storage tanks. However, water seeps into most of the vaults, filling the sumps, and defeating their purpose as a leak detection system. Leak detection for the HLLW storage tanks is based on measuring the level of liquid inside the tank. The source of water leaking into the vaults was raised as a concern by the State of Idaho INEL Oversight Group because this source could also be leaching contaminants released to soil in the vicinity of the tank farm and transporting contaminants to the aquifer. This report evaluates information concerning patterns of seepage into vault sumps, the chemistry of water in sumps, and water balances for the tank farm to determine the sources of water seeping into the vaults.

  9. AGRICULTURE, 2006 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2006 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy Situation and Outlook-Added Agriculture · Organic Farming in Wisconsin · A New Wisconsin Cooperative Law Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences University of Wisconsin-Madison Cooperative

  10. Wisconsin Agriculture Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF Wisconsin Agriculture 2011 · Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy · Current Outlook: Farm of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences University of Wisconsin-Madison Cooperative Extension University of Wisconsin-Extension #12;Status of Wisconsin Agriculture, 2011 An annual

  11. AGRICULTURE, 2007 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    STATUS OF WISCONSIN AGRICULTURE, 2007 Status of the Wisconsin Farm Economy Situation and Outlook and Challenges · Current Prospects for the 2007 Farm Bill Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics College of Agricultural and Life Sciences University of Wisconsin-Madison Cooperative Extension University

  12. ORIGINAL PAPER Bird communities and wind farms: a phylogenetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arita, HĂ©ctor T.

    effects of wind farms on bird populations through mortality by collision with the energyORIGINAL PAPER Bird communities and wind farms: a phylogenetic and morphological approach Leonel 2013 Abstract The undeniable environmental benefits of wind energy are undermined by the negative

  13. Task Assignment in a Server Farm with Switching Delays and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyytiä, Esa

    Task Assignment in a Server Farm with Switching Delays and General Energy-Aware Cost Structure Esa Servers Customers Basic problem E[T] k parallel queues Tasks arrive at rate (Poisson process) Objective;Switching Delays and Energy Model for Server Farm k parallel servers Size-aware setting Dispatcher Servers

  14. Norwegian Salmon and Trout Farming ROBERT J. FORD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the western coast of Norway (Fig. 1). The Norwegian Government en- courages fish farming in the sparselyNorwegian Salmon and Trout Farming ROBERT J. FORD Introduction The development of Norway's Atlantic of many observers, the most significant event in the history of European aquaculture. Norwegian production

  15. ENS-1363/99-0017 Wind farm production prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .1 The wind farm models 22 9 Utility experience 27 9.1 Power markets 27 9.2 Daily dispatch 27 9.3 Balance Wind power models 15 6.1 The wind farm model ( ˇ ˇ˘ Ł¤ Ą¦ ) 17 6.2 The upscaling model. 4 ENS-1363/99-0017 #12;2 Introduction The amount of wind power install

  16. Coupled dynamic analysis of floating offshore wind farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shim, Sangyun

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    it is economically feasible and technologically manageable. So far, most of the offshore wind farm research has been limited to fixed platforms in shallow-water areas. In the water depth deeper than 30m, however, floating-type wind farms tend to be more feasible...

  17. LHCb: The LHCb off-Site HLT Farm Demonstration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Guoming

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The LHCb High Level Trigger (HLT) farm consists of about 1300 nodes, which are housed in the underground server room of the experiment point. Due to the constraints of the power supply and cooling system, it is difficult to install more servers in this room for the future. Off-site computing farm is a solution to enlarge the computing capacity. In this paper, we will demonstrate the LHCb off-site HLT farm which locate in the CERN computing center. Since we use private IP addresses for the HLT farm, we would need virtual private network (VPN) to bridge both sites. There are two kinds of traffic in the event builder: control traffic for the control and monitoring of the farm and the Data Acquisition (DAQ) traffic. We adopt IP tunnel for the control traffic and Network Address Translate (NAT) for the DAQ traffic. The performance of the off-site farm have been tested and compared with the on-site farm. The effect of the network latency has been studied. To employ a large off-site farm, one of the potential bottle...

  18. Can a Family Farm Benefit from Section 9006?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Section 9006 of the 2002 U.S. Farm Bill provides grants and guaranteed loans for rural renewable energy and energy efficiency projects. This fact sheet describes how the Tjaden family of Iowa pursued Section 9006 funding in pursuit of a wind turbine for their family farm.

  19. Cornell Farm Services Compost Facility Mary Schwarz and Jean Bonhotal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Z. Jane

    Cornell Farm Services Compost Facility Mary Schwarz and Jean Bonhotal Cornell Waste Management Institute Overview/History The compost program at Cornell University was started to manage manure from objectionable odors when spread. In 1992, Cornell Farm Services started composting the manure and bedding from

  20. Prediction of biomass in Norwegian fish farms Anders Llanda,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aldrin, Magne

    involves systematic fluctuations in biomass and quantity of slaughtered fish. When the new fish have beenPrediction of biomass in Norwegian fish farms Anders Lřlanda, , Magne Aldrina , Gunnhildur H). The model provided good predictions of future biomass of Norwegian farmed salmon and can also be used

  1. THE NORTH FARM AT UPREC 2015 APPRENTICE FARMER PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Rufus

    ANNOUNCING THE NORTH FARM AT UPREC 2015 APPRENTICE FARMER PROGRAM APPRENTICE FARMERS WILL RECEIVE for three new Apprentice farmers. This incubator program is designed to support new farmers launch Peninsula, and the North Farm will assist Apprentice Farmers in developing their markets. This program

  2. Utilizing Wind: Optimal Wind Farm Placement in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    Utilizing Wind: Optimal Wind Farm Placement in the United States By: Yintao Sun Advisor: Professor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 1.4.1 Carbon-based Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 1.4.2 Solar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 iv #12;CONTENTS v 3 Designing Wind Farm Portfolios 27 3.1 Applying Markowitz Portfolio Theory

  3. Coupled dynamic analysis of floating offshore wind farms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shim, Sangyun

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    it is economically feasible and technologically manageable. So far, most of the offshore wind farm research has been limited to fixed platforms in shallow-water areas. In the water depth deeper than 30m, however, floating-type wind farms tend to be more feasible...

  4. Freeze concentration of dairy products, Phase 1: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luksas, A.; Ahmed, S.; Johnson, T.A.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study was to explore freeze concentration as a process to replace thermal evaporation in the dairy industry. The goals of the study were to save energy by converting concentration processes to an efficient, electrically powered, refrigeration system, and to create higher quality and innovative products that might bring new life to a nature dairy market. A small freeze concentration pilot plant was used to concentrate products for quality comparisons, for physical and chemical analytical determinations, and to discover any equipment/product attributes or limitations. Data was correlated to compare operating economics of freeze concentrations superior to the fresh feedstock in sensory and functionality tests upon reconstitution. Laboratory testing showed equal or superior quality in resulting spray dried powders from freeze concentrates. Freeze concentration was shown to be economically competitive with thermal processes and second generation freezing technology is projected to produce a substantially less expensive product and offer other advantages over current thermally produced goods. 31 figs., 14 tabs.

  5. Estimated Costs and Returns for Catfish Farms with Recirculating Ponds Along the Upper Texas Coast.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lambregts, J.A.D.; Griffin, W.L.; Lacewell R.D.; Davis, J.T.; Clary, G.M.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Hypothetical farms using the modified recirculating system are studied. Three farm sizes are cost engi neered and evaluated, a small farm with 66 (163) total land ha (ac), a medium farm with 132 (323), and a large farm with 264 (643). The farms are analyzed... with a farm-level simulation program (CATSIM) to determine costs, returns, and economies of scale of catfish farm ing. Production of the catfish ponds is set at 11,227 kg per ha (10,000 lb per ac) when the ponds are in full production, with an annual...

  6. Teaching Organic Farming and Gardening: Resources for Instructors, 3rd Edition. Part 1 - Skills and Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    weed seeds in the garden and farm. • Wind: Manage vegetationwind-driven erosion. Cover cropping also provides other climate- related benefits, including: an on-farm

  7. Technology and Space - Sustainable Architecture and the Blueprint Farm [EDRA / Places Awards, 2001-2002 -- Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Steven A

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Place: Sustainable Architecture and the Blueprint Farmand Place: Sustainable Architecture and the Blueprint Farm,and Place: Sustainable Architecture and the Blueprint Farm,

  8. Protecting Your Farm's Markets and Profitability: Writing a Practical Food Safety Plan for Small and Diversified Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    the foundation to help you prepare for a Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) audit certification, it is designedProtecting Your Farm's Markets and Profitability: Writing a Practical Food Safety Plan for Small and Diversified Farms CENTER FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE UVM Extension's Center for Sustainable Agriculture

  9. Oxford University Civil Engineering Novel Foundations for Offshore Wind FarmsNovel Foundations for Offshore Wind Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houlsby, Guy T.

    Oxford University Civil Engineering Novel Foundations for Offshore Wind FarmsNovel Foundations for Offshore Wind Farms Prof. Guy Houlsby, Dr Byron Byrne, Dr Chris Martin Oxford University #12;Oxford each turbine does not generate all the time, say 3000) #12;Oxford University Civil Engineering Wind

  10. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Dairy Processing Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brush, Adrian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are in the process cooling of milk and other dairy products,to finish cooling the outgoing pasteurized milk. Installingand cooling upon entering the facility for storage, the milk

  11. Risk assessment involving the land disposal of animal waste on Central Texas dairies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Thomas Chadwick

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Land disposal of animal waste is an increasing problem for dairies in central Texas Once isolated, many producers now and themselves surrounded by towns and subdivisions. Many of these new neighbors are showing an increasing concern about potential...

  12. Modelling the effects of genetic line and feeding system on methane emissions from dairy systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell, Matthew

    2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Dairy cattle make a significant contribution to global methane emissions. Milking cows in the UK make up about a fifth of the total cattle population, with Holstein-Friesian cows being the most common breed. Investigating ...

  13. Prediction of cow fertility based on productivity traits in dairy cattle under different production systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banda, Liveness Jessica

    2014-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A study to examine factors that influence dairy cattle fertility was conducted in the United Kingdom (UK) and Malawi. Productivity data from the UK comprising 56,014 records from 574 Holstein cows were retrieved from ...

  14. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Dairy Processing Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brush, Adrian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at a U.S. DOE sponsored energy audit of a Land O’Lakes dairy2002a). Similarly, in energy audits of seven fresh fruit andguide for consistency. Energy audits carried out at seven

  15. J. Dairy Sci. 90:36813689 doi:10.3168/jds.2006-776

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Randall

    of genetic diversity of Klebsiella pneumoniae iso- lated from clinical mastitis cases and to define geno- galactiae and uberis) is now the primary disease in well- managed dairy herds with low SCC in bulk tank milk

  16. Contour Ripping and Composted Dairy Manure for Erosion Control on Fort Hood Military Installation, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prcin, Lisa J.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    erosion. This investigation examined two conservation practices directed at improving and creating sustainable training conditions on Fort Hood training lands, contour ripping and the application of composted dairy manure. The application of composted...

  17. Effects of dairy manure and inorganic fertilizer on runoff water quality on common bermudagrass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaudreau, Jason Edward

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dairy manure is produced in large quantities in concentrated areas of the United States. This nutrient source has been used in the crop industry for many years and could be a potential organic alternative for turfgrass production. Concerns over...

  18. Contour Ripping and Composted Dairy Manure for Erosion Control on Fort Hood Military Installation, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prcin, Lisa J.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    erosion. This investigation examined two conservation practices directed at improving and creating sustainable training conditions on Fort Hood training lands, contour ripping and the application of composted dairy manure. The application of composted...

  19. Applications of demand analysis for the dairy industry using household scanner data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockton, Matthew C.

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This study illustrates the use of ACNielsen Homescan Panel (HSD) in three separate demand analyses of dairy products: (1) the effect of using cross-sectional data in a New Empirical Industrial Organization (NEIO) study ...

  20. Biological and environmental efficiency of high producing dairy systems through application of life cycle analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ross, Stephen Alexander

    2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Dairy production systems are an important global contributor to anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions including methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2). Due to the role GHG play in climate ...

  1. Soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics as affected by inputs of dairy manure and poultry litter 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haney, Richard Lee

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mineralization averaged 40 % from dairy manure in the field across all treatments. The C:N ratio of soil-applied manure or litter should be analyzed to better predict N mineralization potential....

  2. Interstate Power and Light (Alliant Energy)- Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Alliant Energy offers prescriptive rebates for a variety of energy efficient products for agricultural customers. These include irrigation equipment, dairy equipment, ventilation systems,...

  3. The feeding value of water and acetic acid reconstituted sorghum grain for lactating dairy cows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bade, David Heinie

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE FEEDING VALUE OF WATER AND ACETIC ACID RECONSTITUTED SORGHUM GRAIN FOR LACTATING DAIRY COWS A Thesis by DAVID HEINIE BADE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1972 Major Subject: Animal Nutrition THE FEEDING VALUE OF WATER AND ACETIC ACID RECONSTITUTED SORGHUM GRAIN FOR LACTATING DAIRY COWS A Thesis by DAVID HEINIE BADE Approved as to style and content by: C ' man o Committee...

  4. Profit potential and risk associated with the adoption of alternative feeding practices on Northeast Texas dairies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyes Gomez Llata, Alberto Alan

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PROFIT POTENTIAL AND RISK ASSOCIATED WITH THE ADOPTION OF ALTERNATIVE FEEDING PRACTICES ON NORTHEAST TEXAS DAIRIES A Thesis by ALBERTO ALAN REYES GOMEZ LLATA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics PROFIT POTENTIAL AND RISK ASSOCIATED WITH THE ADOPTION OF ALTERNATIVE FEEDING PRACTICES ON NORTHEAST TEXAS DAIRIES A Thesis by ALBERTO ALAN REYES GOMEZ...

  5. Development of an ammonia emission protocol and preliminary emission factor for a central Texas dairy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Adam Joseph

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    dairies. The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ), the Texas SAPRA, does not currently use an emission factor to permit or regulate emitted ammonia for the dairy industry. ________________________ This thesis follows the style..., and is subject to gas-phase reaction with photochemically produced hydroxyl (-OH) radicals, reaction with gaseous nitric acid (to form particulate ammonium nitrate), and with aerosols to form ammonium salts (Singh et al., 2001). Ammonia that does not react...

  6. The feeding value of water and acetic acid reconstituted sorghum grain for lactating dairy cows 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bade, David Heinie

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE FEEDING VALUE OF WATER AND ACETIC ACID RECONSTITUTED SORGHUM GRAIN FOR LACTATING DAIRY COWS A Thesis by DAVID HEINIE BADE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1972 Major Subject: Animal Nutrition THE FEEDING VALUE OF WATER AND ACETIC ACID RECONSTITUTED SORGHUM GRAIN FOR LACTATING DAIRY COWS A Thesis by DAVID HEINIE BADE Approved as to style and content by: C ' man o Committee...

  7. Fault Detection and Load Distribution for the Wind Farm Challenge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borchehrsen, Anders B.; Larsen, Jesper A.; Stoustrup, Jakob

    2014-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper a fault detection system and a fault tolerant controller for a wind farm model. The wind farm model used is the one proposed as a public challenge. In the model three types of faults are introduced to a wind farm consisting of nine turbines. A fault detection system designed, by taking advantage of the fact that within a wind farm several wind turbines will be operating under all most identical conditions. The turbines are then grouped, and then turbines within each group are used to generate residuals for turbines in the group. The generated residuals are then evaluated using dynamical cumulative sum. The designed fault detection system is cable of detecting all three fault types occurring in the model. But there is room for improving the fault detection in some areas. To take advantage of the fault detection system a fault tolerant controller for the wind farm has been designed. The fault tolerant controller is a dispatch controller which is estimating the possible power at each individual turbine and then setting the reference accordingly. The fault tolerant controller has been compared to a reference controller. And the comparison shows that the fault tolerant controller performance better in all measures. The fault detection and a fault tolerant controller has been designed, and based on the simulated results the overall performance of the wind farm is improved on all measures. Thereby this is a step towards improving the overall performance of current and future wind farms.

  8. ICPP tank farm closure study. Volume 2: Engineering design files

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume 2 contains the following topical sections: Tank farm heel flushing/pH adjustment; Grouting experiments for immobilization of tank farm heel; Savannah River high level waste tank 20 closure; Tank farm closure information; Clean closure of tank farm; Remediation issues; Remote demolition techniques; Decision concerning EIS for debris treatment facility; CERCLA/RCRA issues; Area of contamination determination; Containment building of debris treatment facility; Double containment issues; Characterization costs; Packaging and disposal options for the waste resulting from the total removal of the tank farm; Take-off calculations for the total removal of soils and structures at the tank farm; Vessel off-gas systems; Jet-grouted polymer and subsurface walls; Exposure calculations for total removal of tank farm; Recommended instrumentation during retrieval operations; High level waste tank concrete encasement evaluation; Recommended heavy equipment and sizing equipment for total removal activities; Tank buoyancy constraints; Grout and concrete formulas for tank heel solidification; Tank heel pH requirements; Tank cooling water; Evaluation of conservatism of vehicle loading on vaults; Typical vault dimensions and approximately tank and vault void volumes; Radiological concerns for temporary vessel off-gas system; Flushing calculations for tank heels; Grout lift depth analysis; Decontamination solution for waste transfer piping; Grout lift determination for filling tank and vault voids; sprung structure vendor data; Grout flow properties through a 2--4 inch pipe; Tank farm load limitations; NRC low level waste grout; Project data sheet calculations; Dose rates for tank farm closure tasks; Exposure and shielding calculations for grout lines; TFF radionuclide release rates; Documentation of the clean closure of a system with listed waste discharge; and Documentation of the ORNL method of radionuclide concentrations in tanks.

  9. Farm-level economic impacts of the House of Representatives Farm Bill Proposal, H.R. 2646, and the Senate Farm Bill Proposal, S. 1731, for representative rice farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houston, Christy Michelle

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements lor I he degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2002 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics FARM-LEVEL ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES FARM BILL PROPOSAL, H. R... as to style and content by: t lc James Richardson (Chair of Co ii. ie David Anderson (Member) Clai Nix (M mber ~Gene Nelson (Head of Department] August 2002 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics ABSTRACT Farm-Iwvei Economic Impacts of the House...

  10. What's Happening in the Texas Farm and Ranch Land Market.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, F. B.; Wooten, A. B.

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the 1963 Texas land market activity is based on information JJ. obtained from 26 sample counties in 16 of the 17 type-of-farming area\\. In each sample county, specific data were obtained from warranty deed recortl\\ cri all bona fide sales containing 20... farm and ranch income has fluctuated. Results of the 196r land market study deviated from this pattern. Land prices continued to ~icr and volume of land sales increased, reversing its position from the trend of a constant decrease. Net farm and ranch...

  11. Financing a Beef Cattle Enterprise on Blackland Farms.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Ralph H.; Magee, A.C.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    added beef cattle to their farming systems in recent years to utilize grazing and hay 1 crops and to increase farm earnings. Cash crop production, particularly cotton, has been pre- dominant in this area. However, adjustments of cropping systems..., the resulting increase * in annual expenses and the time needed for the espected extra earnings to "pay out" the added investment. Data were obtained for 23 farms in Bell and JlcLennan counties during 1952-54 (Figure 1). All of the cooperating farmers...

  12. A Framework to Determine the Probability Density Function for the Output Power of Wind Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liberzon, Daniel

    A Framework to Determine the Probability Density Function for the Output Power of Wind Farms Sairaj to the power output of a wind farm while factoring in the availability of the wind turbines in the farm availability model for the wind turbines, we propose a method to determine the wind-farm power output pdf

  13. Assessment of wind power predictability as a decision factor in the investment phase of wind farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Assessment of wind power predictability as a decision factor in the investment phase of wind farms on market revenue of, respectively, the predictability and the capacity factor of a wind farm or a cluster of wind farms. This is done through a real-life case study in West Denmark, including wind farm production

  14. Diurnal and seasonal variations of wind farm impacts on land surface temperature over western Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Liming

    Diurnal and seasonal variations of wind farm impacts on land surface temperature over western Texas for the period of 2003­2011 over a region in West-Central Texas, where four of the world's largest wind farms by comparing the LST changes between wind farm pixels (WFPs) and nearby non wind farm pixels (NNWFPs) using

  15. Reactive power control of grid-connected wind farm based on adaptive dynamic programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Haibo

    Reactive power control of grid-connected wind farm based on adaptive dynamic programming Yufei Tang Wind farm Power system Adaptive control a b s t r a c t Optimal control of large-scale wind farm has of wind farm with doubly fed induction generators (DFIG). Specifically, we investigate the on

  16. Hanford Single-Shell Tank Leak Causes and Locations - 241-B Farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Girardot, Crystal L. [Washington River Protection Systems, Richland, WA (United States); Harlow, Donald G. [Washington River Protection Systems, Richland, WA (United States)

    2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This document identifies 241-B Tank Farm (B Farm) leak cause and locations for the 100 series leaking tank (241-B-107) identified in RPP-RPT-49089, Hanford B-Farm Leak Inventory Assessments Report. This document satisfies the B Farm portion of the target (T04) in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order milestone M-045-91F.

  17. This paper presents stability analysis of wind farms in frequency domain. The interaction between the wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bak, Claus Leth

    in order to emphasize differences between the two wind farms. Keywords: offshore wind farms, stability with full-scale back-to-back converters are more and more used in large offshore wind farms. This affects offshore wind farms tend to be bigger and bigger with more and more complex structures which can introduce

  18. Comparing Single and Multiple Turbine Representations in a Wind Farm Simulation: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muljadi, E.; Parsons, B.

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper compares single turbine representation versus multiple turbine representation in a wind farm simulation.

  19. Effect of Cotton Seed and Cotton Seed Meal in the Dairy Ration on Gravity and Centrifugal Creaming of Milk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtis, Geo. W. (George Washington); Carson, J. M.

    1891-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Peculiar effects of cotton seed and cotton seed meal as food stuffs for the dairy : a continuation of work reported in bulletin no. 11, August, 1890...

  20. Hanford Single-Shell Tank Leak Causes and Locations - 241-BY and 241-TY Farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Girardot, Crystal L.; Harlow, Donald G.

    2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This document identifies 241-BY Tank Farm (BY Farm) and 241-TY Tank Farm (TY Farm) leak causes and locations for the 100 series leaking tanks (241-BY-103, 241-TY-103, 241-TY-104, 241-TY-105, and 241-TY-106) identified in RPP-RPT-43704, Hanford BY Farm Leak Assessments Report, and in RPP-RPT-42296, Hanford TY Farm Leak Assessments Report. This document satisfies the BY and TY Farm portion of the target (T04) in Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order milestone M-045-91F.

  1. Hanford Single-Shell Tank Leak Causes and Locations - 241-BY and 241-TY Farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Girardot, Crystal L.; Harlow, Donald G.

    2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This document identifies 241-BY Tank Farm (BY Farm) and 241-TY Tank Farm (TY Farm) lead causes and locations for the 100 series leaking tanks (241-BY-103, 241-TY-103, 241-TY-104, 241-TY-105 and 241-TY-106) identified in RPP-RPT-43704, Hanford BY Farm Leak Assessments Report, and in RPP-RPT-42296, Hanford TY Farm Leak Assessments Report. This document satisfies the BY and TY Farm portion of the target (T04) in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order milestone M-045-91F.

  2. The Road to Farming Software is Paved with Good Intentions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Easterbrook, Steve

    , the aggregation software, and GPS service contract (a cost starting at $12,000). Farmers must renew their service contract every five years, to have continued access to the GPS satellites. FarmMap was first released

  3. Coordinated control and network integration of wave power farms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nambiar, Anup Jayaprakash

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant progress has been made in the development of wave energy converters (WECs) during recent years, with prototypes and farms of WECs being installed in different parts of the world. With increasing sizes of ...

  4. EIS-0376: White Wind Farm Brookings County, South Dakota

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS evaluates the potential environmental impacts of a proposal by Western to interconnect its proposed White Wind Farm Project (Project) to Western’s transmission system at the existing White...

  5. Xcel Energy- Farm Re-Wiring Loan Program (Wisconsin)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Xcel Energy operates the farm rewiring loan program to help its agricultural customers install safer and more energy efficient electrical wiring. The loan program charges 3% interest with terms of...

  6. alternative farming management: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    operations, the custom rates reported varied widely. A small 2 Alternative Farm Business Models Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: for their mem- bers. This includes risk...

  7. Argonne National Laboratory Develops Extreme-Scale Wind Farm...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    studies of complex flow and wind turbine interactions in large land-based and offshore wind farms that will improve wind plant design and reduce the levelized cost of energy....

  8. Rhode Island to Build First Offshore Wind Farm

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Block Island, a small town with only 1,000 full-time, residents, is the site for a big project, when it will become home to Rhode Island’s first offshore wind farm.

  9. Wind farms, peatlands and aquatic fluxes of carbon,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heal, Kate

    of 100% of Scotland's own electricity from renewables by 2020" Whitelee wind farm #12;Impacts of wind Soluble reactive phosphorus SRP impacted in WL13 (Drumtee) Oct. 07- summer 2010 Good / High Poor Moderate

  10. Epidemiology of Airborne Virulent Rhodococcus equi at Horse Breeding Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuskie, Kyle Ryan

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Rhodococcus equi causes severe pneumonia, resulting in disease and sometimes death of foals. Infection is thought to occur by inhalation of dust contaminated with virulent R equi. A recent study of 3 horse breeding farms in Ireland found airborne...

  11. american wind farm: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plant in Iran will be studied, in this article, focus is made mostly on computerized simulation of power plant sites for optimized configuration of wind farm turbines by using...

  12. Russel and Karen Wolter: Down to Earth Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wolter: It’s called sheet composting. We did that up until,Because we started composting horse manure from Pebbleon Organic Farming and Composting was sponsored by Rodale

  13. Sandia National Laboratories: DOE Wind Farm of the Future program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Farm of the Future program DOE Completes Construction of State-of-the-Art Wind Plant Performance Facility On April 17, 2013, in Energy, Events, News & Events, Partnership,...

  14. alberta swine farm: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    both listed and non-listed species at risk. The primary problem with determining the impacts of Farm Bill programs that George Boody (l 2004-01-01 172 The Social Rate of Return...

  15. NREL Studies Wind Farm Aerodynamics to Improve Siting (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL researchers have used high-tech instruments and high-performance computing to understand atmospheric turbulence and turbine wake behavior in order to improve wind turbine design and siting within wind farms.

  16. Nancy Gammons: Four Sisters Farm and Watsonville Farmers' Market Manager

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Irrigation Rabkin: Do you use compost or any other inputsfrom outside the farm? Gammons: We no longer use compost.The reason we don’t use compost is because it requires

  17. Stephen Kaffka: Pioneering UCSC Farm and Garden Manager, Agronomist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    still there. They have a big compost project there. The kidsand collect lumber and compost for the new Farm with thedescribing how to make compost, dig beds and [other things])

  18. Wind Farm Diversification and Its Impact on Power System Reliability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Degeilh, Yannick

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    As wind exploitation gains prominence in the power industry, the extensive use of this intermittent source of power may heavily rely on our ability to select the best combination of wind farming sites that yields maximal reliability of power systems...

  19. Heidi Skolnik: Pioneering Apprentice, UCSC Farm and Garden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    if any of the years [of apprentices] ever grew grains andcirca 1973 Pioneering Apprentice, UCSC Farm and Garden HeidiI think right when the apprentice program started. We also

  20. Bob Scowcroft: Executive Director, Organic Farming Research Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the [Farm and Garden] apprentices every year. One of theof Friends of the Earth, I got her to be an apprentice.left FOE and became an apprentice down here. I was going to

  1. Clemson Impacts Fall 2014 1 Farm-City Connection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    classroom Watering melons CLEMSON Farming goes back to the backyard #12;Vice President's Message Celebrate of beans to be a farmer. You don't need a vast expanse of pasture, dozens of head of cattle

  2. Fact Sheet: Wind Firming EnergyFarm (October 2012)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Primus Power is deploying a 25 MW/75 MWh EnergyFarm in California's Central Valley, comprising an array of 20 kW EnergyCell flow batteries combined with off-the-shelf components and power...

  3. Effects of composted dairy manure on soil chemical properties and forage yield and nutritive value of coastal Bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helton, Thomas J.

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Research was conducted to compare the effects of composted dairy manure and raw dairy manure alone, or in combination with supplemental inorganic fertilizer, on soil chemical properties and Coastal bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.] yield...

  4. Alternative Uses for Resources in Part-time Farming in Northeast Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, James R.; Southern, John H.

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Operating Capital Unlir Farm Resources Required f Adequate Employment c Available Farm Labor ... Resources Required To Use Yresent Off-farm Labor in Farming ......... idered ...... Returns to capital and labor represented by these situation$ are low.... This is emphasized by comparing returns from rentinr out the land (reserving the dwelling and other buildings and' acres) with returns from other farm plans. In the situations analyzed, renting out would require only $41 operating capital anc 80 hours of labor...

  5. On-Farm Storage and Disposal of Sorghum Grain.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Charles W.; Moore, Clarence A.

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    APRIL 1963 ON-FARM - STORAGE AND DISPOSAL OF SORGHUM GRAIN -- THE AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION R. E. PATTERSON. DIRECTOR. COLLEGE ST+TION, TEXAS IN COOPERATION WITH THE U. S. DEPARTMENT... of its relative feeding value, an increasing number of livestock on feed, increases in concentrates fed per animal unit, a favorable price relative to other feed grains and gains in exports to foreign markets. Off-farm storage space in Texas...

  6. The Farm Credit Crisis: Policy Options and Consequences.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, Marvin; Harrington, David H.; Brake, John; Boehlje, Michael; Lee, Warren; Barry, Peter J.; Penson, John B.; Hughes, Dean W.; Knutson, Ronald D.: Richardson, James W.; Jolly, Robert W.; Lins, David A.; Klinefelter, Danny A.; Guither, Harold D.; Marshall, J. Paxton; Barkley, Paul W.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    real interest rates, or excessive agricultural resources) from the perspective of the policies designed to deal with them (macroeconomic policy, domestic farm policy, tax policy, and rural resource development policy). Financial support... dwelling (because the operator's house is generally provided as part of the farm) and further reduced by the amount of income taxes that would be due on the average income. Minimum family living needs after these adjustments were estimated to be $12...

  7. Suggestions for Controlling Insects in Farm-Stored Grain.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamman, Philip J.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Infestations When storing grain in farm facilities, provide the least favorable conditions for insect development. Store clean, sound grain with 12 percent or less moisture content. Grain cot;ltaining more moisture at tracts insects, promotes mold growth...IUUL; Z TA24S.7 8873 NO.1410 Suggestions B-1410 for Controlling Insects ? In Farm-Stored Grain The Texas A&M University System ? Texas Agricultural Extension Service JUN 2 0 2002 Zerle L. Carpenter . Director College Station...

  8. Grain Sorghum By-Product Feeds for Farm Animals.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    X3.AJ.N SORGHUM BY-PRODUCT FEEDS FOR FARM ANIMALS FEED FOR LIVESTOCK -. Grain sorghum is the leading feed grain produced in Texas and in the Southwest. Its importance as a feed fc farm animals is generally recognized. Recent developments... in Texas have made available 1 livestock producers and the feed industry a considerab tonnage of sorghum gluten meal and sorghum gluten fee as by-products in sorghum grain processing. The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station conduct( a series...

  9. Taking stock of renewables: NREL teaches farm and ranch appliations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marsh, M.G. [NREL, Golden, CO (United States)

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NREL workshop leaders find a receptive audience for renewable energy technologies among farmers and ranchers. As an exhibitor/participant in Denver`s National Western Stock Show, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) of Golden, Colorado sponsored an educational workshop to demonstrate applications of solar and wind energy on the farm and ranch, offering a very non-traditional energy approach to people who pride themselves in tradition. This article describes solar and wind energy applications to farms and ranches.

  10. Comparison of radiological dose pathways for tank farm accidents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Keuren, J.C.

    1996-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This calculation note documents an evaluation of the doses from submersion and ground shine due to a release of tank farm radioactive materials, and a comparison of these doses to the doses from inhalation of the materials. The submersion and ground shine doses are insignificant compared to the inhalation doses. The doses from resuspension are also shown to be negligible for the tank farm analysis conditions.

  11. Wind Farm Diversification and Its Impact on Power System Reliability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Degeilh, Yannick

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    of potential wind farming sites for which the wind patterns are statistically known. The objective is to demonstrate the benefits of diversification for the reliability of wind-sustained systems through the search for steadier overall power outputs. Three... power output. Reported studies are generally concerned about the selection of a given potential wind farming site based on its wind patterns [1], but not about the beneficial interactions that various power outputs from various wind parks may yield...

  12. Farm records: a study of their relationship to farm management and federal income taxation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, Steve Pearce

    1949-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    charges incurred in acquirin' the 6o . ds vill m ice up the inventory value. In ce. . e of products produced on the f- rm th~ co. t b. si. will include co. t of raw m=. teri-l;, dir~ct labor =nd indirect expenses. l For ex mple, the co. t of . e..., to ~irect 1-)or for the entire farm ~nd pplying thi. ratio to the di- rect 1;, tor cost for the 10 acre plot, Indirect expense. m. , y be lioc. :t~d by any m thod which will conform to -cce. ted accountin~ pr ctice an& cle rly reflect. income, ' 1 Feder...

  13. Teaching Direct Marketing and Small Farm Viability: Resources for Instructors, 2nd Edition. Part 7 - Food Safety on the Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Food Safety on the Farm to web pages where your auditor canfood safety and conservation. WEB-BASED RESOURCES CaliforniaThe above web-based publications provide food safety

  14. Teaching Direct Marketing and Small Farm Viability: Resources for Instructors, 2nd Edition. Part 7 - Food Safety on the Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the Farm b) Manure/compost is often readily available tomanure or manure-based compost can be of major concern withmanure (raw or composted*), compost, and other amendments

  15. The impact of alternative farm policy proposals for the 1990 Farm Bill on representative beef cattle ranches in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, David Allen

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of simulating the macroeconomic impact of alternative farm policies (Knutson, et al). The resulting model, AG-GEM, emphasizes the U. S. livestock sector and provides the input data needed for the FLIPSIM model to enable firm level policy analysis. The AG... AND CONCLUSIONS Objectives . Methodology . Results . Need for Further Research Farm . . . . 55 62 68 68 71 76 77 81 VITA 94 LIST OF TABLES Table Alternatives for U. S. Cattle Production Page 3. 1 Resource Characteristics of the Representative...

  16. Fixed Bed Countercurrent Low Temperature Gasification of Dairy Biomass and Coal-Dairy Biomass Blends Using Air-Steam as Oxidizer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordillo Ariza, Gerardo

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    W) countercurrent fixed bed gasifier was rebuilt to perform gasification studies under quasisteady state conditions using dairy biomass (DB) as feedstock and various air-steam mixtures as oxidizing sources. A DB-ash (from DB) blend and a DB-Wyoming coal blend were...

  17. Determining Fiber and Protein Degradation Rates of Corn Milling (Co)Products and Their Effects on Rumen Bacterial Populations and Lactating Dairy Cow Performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Whitney

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    to lactating dairy cows (n=44) to evaluate effects on milk production. The Cornell-Penn-Miner Institute (CPM) Dairy model was used to formulate diets and predict milk production. In vitro determined NDR and NDIP rates and were compared to CPM-dairy feed library...

  18. Income over variable costs in a pasture based dairy industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Kenneth Robert

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    farms according to past production levels relative to past quota assignment. Quota is lost if production falls below assignment for more than three payment periods (4 weeks per period) in a twelve month interval. Extra quota becomes available... herds. Parameter Units Physical Income/Expense Income Quota milk Manufacture milk Stock sales Other liters/month liters/month NA1 NA A$/month A$/month A$/month A$/month Inputs Milking cows Dry cows Replacements Land Labor Grain Hay...

  19. Global trade in dairy products involves complex and con-tentious issues. Viewed broadly from the perspective of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    Global trade in dairy products involves complex and con- tentious issues. Viewed broadly from the perspective of "society," there are large benefits from liberalizing trade. Viewed narrowly from the perspective of dairy producers, liberalized trade is desirable only if it expands exports and reduces imports

  20. Lactational responses to postruminal infusions of amino acids in dairy cows fed maize silage, hay or grass silage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Lactational responses to postruminal infusions of amino acids in dairy cows fed maize silage, hay-Gilles, 35590 L'Hermitage, France Duodenal infusions of methionine and ly- sine have been shown to increase milk responses of dairy cows to methionine and lysine infusions with 3 other diets based on either maize silage