Sample records for burundi cambodia cameroon

  1. Costs of multiplicity in public health supply chains in Burundi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shah, Jeet N. (Jeet Nipoon)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the public health system in Burundi transitions from a mode of emergency humanitarian response to a sustainable operation, there is a significant opportunity to reduce costs by eliminating the duplication of functions ...

  2. CCAP-REDD+ Design in Cambodia, Indonesia, and Mexico: Lessons...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cambodia, Indonesia, and Mexico: Lessons to Inform International REDD+ Policy Development Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: CCAP-REDD+ Design in Cambodia,...

  3. Cambodia-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    References "Asia Regional" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCambodia-SubNationalPlanningforClimateChange(cities,states,districts)&oldid700434...

  4. U.S. cuts UNESCO funding after Palestinian membership vote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Bahamas, Barbados, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Colombia, Cook Islands

  5. S o u t h P a c i f i c O c e a n P a c i f i c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    Cambodia Burundi Myanmar (Burma) Burkina Faso Bulgaria Brunei B r a z i l Botswana Bosnia & Herz. Bolivia

  6. Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal logging > Printer-friendly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal logging > Printer-friendly Cameroon axes illegal logging 14/05/2010 Cameroon axes illegal logging Illegal and trade of illegal logging. The latest country to sign up to the programme is Cameroon, which completed

  7. After the First Trial: A Population-Based Survey on Knowledge and Perception of Justice and the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pham, Phuong N.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Kampuchea (PRK), led by Heng Samrin. Cambodia entered aRavuth, Touch Bounaroth, Heng Vanak, Nou Chanra, Song Thea,

  8. Please consider the environment before printing Cameroon agrees to cut illegal wood out of its supply chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Please consider the environment before printing Cameroon agrees to cut illegal wood out of its hardwoods, Cameroon, has announced today a trade agreement with the European Union (EU) to rid all illegal and consumers of tropical timber, Cameroon and the EU have a joint responsibility to eradicate illegal logging

  9. Disruption on urban chicken markets in Haiti and Cameroon: The role of socio-economic factors on chicken's consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Disruption on urban chicken markets in Haiti and Cameroon: The role of socio-economic factors (2009)" #12;2 Disruption on urban chicken markets in Haiti and Cameroon: The role of socio in Yaoundé (Cameroon) and in 2006 at Port-au-Prince (Haiti) applied to 180 urban households in each country

  10. A NEW SQUEAKER FROG (ARTHROLEPTIDAE: ARTHROLEPTIS) FROM THE MOUNTAINS OF CAMEROON AND NIGERIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A NEW SQUEAKER FROG (ARTHROLEPTIDAE: ARTHROLEPTIS) FROM THE MOUNTAINS OF CAMEROON AND NIGERIA DAVID Plateaus of eastern Nigeria. The known distribution suggests that it may eventually also be found throughout the Acha- Tugi Ridge that traverses the Cameroon­Nigeria border. More than 40 years ago

  11. The pathogenic potential of endophytic Botryosphaeriaceous fungi on Terminalia species in Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The pathogenic potential of endophytic Botryosphaeriaceous fungi on Terminalia species in Cameroon are endophytic fungi and latent pathogens that can result in wood stain, cankers, die-back and death of trees the Botryosphaeriaceae occurring as endophytes of Terminalia spp. in Cameroon, as part of a larger project to identify

  12. Farm-level bureaucrats in action (and inaction) : the distribution of veterinary services in Laos and Cambodia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballard, Brett M

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, I analyze several dimensions of the institutional environment that govern contractual exchange between veterinary service providers and farmers in Laos and Cambodia. I hypothesize that the negotiation, ...

  13. The Mount Manengouba, a complex volcano of the Cameroon Line:1 Volcanic history, petrological and geochemical features2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 The Mount Manengouba, a complex volcano of the Cameroon Line:1 Volcanic history, petrological Group 2). Both magmatic groups belong to the under-saturated alkaline40 sodic series. Petrological

  14. Sustainable gasificationbiochar systems? A case-study of rice-husk gasification in Cambodia, Part II: Field trial results, carbon abatement,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    614, Phnom Penh, Cambodia c International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Los Banos, Dapo Box 7777 and other environmental and health and safety aspects. We concluded in part I that there are several health

  15. Structure of the Crust beneath Cameroon, West Africa, from the Joint Inversion of Rayleigh Wave Group Velocities and Receiver Functions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tokam, A K; Tabod, C T; Nyblade, A A; Julia, J; Wiens, D A; Pasyanos, M E

    2010-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cameroon Volcanic Line (CVL) is a major geologic feature that cuts across Cameroon from the south west to the north east. It is a unique volcanic lineament which has both an oceanic and a continental sector and consists of a chain of Tertiary to Recent, generally alkaline volcanoes stretching from the Atlantic island of Pagalu to the interior of the African continent. The oceanic sector includes the islands of Bioko (formerly Fernando Po) and Sao Tome and Principe while the continental sector includes the Etinde, Cameroon, Manengouba, Bamboutos, Oku and Mandara mountains, as well as the Adamawa and Biu Plateaus. In addition to the CVL, three other major tectonic features characterize the region: the Benue Trough located northwest of the CVL, the Central African Shear Zone (CASZ), trending N70 degrees E, roughly parallel to the CVL, and the Congo Craton in southern Cameroon. The origin of the CVL is still the subject of considerable debate, with both plume and non-plume models invoked by many authors (e.g., Deruelle et al., 2007; Ngako et al, 2006; Ritsema and Allen, 2003; Burke, 2001; Ebinger and Sleep, 1998; Lee et al, 1994; Dorbath et al., 1986; Fairhead and Binks, 1991; King and Ritsema, 2000; Reusch et al., 2010). Crustal structure beneath Cameroon has been investigated previously using active (Stuart et al, 1985) and passive (Dorbath et al., 1986; Tabod, 1991; Tabod et al, 1992; Plomerova et al, 1993) source seismic data, revealing a crust about 33 km thick at the south-western end of the continental portion of the CVL (Tabod, 1991) and the Adamawa Plateau, and thinner crust (23 km thick) beneath the Garoua Rift in the north (Stuart et al, 1985) (Figure 1). Estimates of crustal thickness obtained using gravity data show similar variations between the Garoua rift, Adamawa Plateau, and southern part of the CVL (Poudjom et al., 1995; Nnange et al., 2000). In this study, we investigate further crustal structure beneath the CVL and the adjacent regions in Cameroon using 1-D shear wave velocity models obtained from the joint inversion of Rayleigh wave group velocities and P-receiver functions for 32 broadband seismic stations. From the 1-D shear wave velocity models, we obtain new insights into the composition and structure of the crust and upper mantle across Cameroon. After briefly reviewing the geological framework of Cameroon, we describe the data and the joint inversion method, and then interpret variations in crustal structure found beneath Cameroon in terms of the tectonic history of the region.

  16. Ten-year's change in blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension in urban and rural Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    0 Ten-year's change in blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension in urban and rural;1 ABSTRACT Background: Hypertension is becoming increasingly important in sub-Saharan Africa. However the 10-year change in blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension in rural and urban Cameroon

  17. armavir marz armenia: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    11 Armenia 1 Australia 3 Austria 7 Bangladesh 23 Barbados 1 Belgium 1 Bolivia 5 Bosnia-Herzegovina 1 Brazil 8 Bulgaria 9 Burundi 1 Cameroon 6 Canada 7 Chile 6 China,...

  18. austria bulgaria canada: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Burundi 1 Cameroon 6 Canada 7 Chile 6 China, People's Rep. 26 Colombia 13 Costa Rica 4 Croatia 1 Cuba 1 Cyprus 5 Snider, Barry B. 38 Post-Quantum Signatures Johannes Buchmann...

  19. A Comparative SWOT Analysis of the National Agricultural Extension Program Organization to Determine Best-Fit Program Model: A Case Study of the North West and South West Regions of Cameroon.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyambi, Gwendoline

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A COMPARATIVE SWOT ANALYSIS OF THE NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION PROGRAM ORGANIZATION TO DETERMINE BEST-FIT PROGRAM MODEL: A CASE STUDY OF THE NORTH WEST AND SOUTH WEST REGIONS OF CAMEROON A Dissertation by GWENDOLINE NA-AH NYAMBI... A Comparative SWOT Analysis of the National Agricultural Extension Program Organization to Determine Best-Fit Program Model: A Case Study of the North West and South West Regions of Cameroon Copyright 2012 Gwendoline Na-ah Nyambi A COMPARATIVE...

  20. Simulation of Canopy CO2/H2O Fluxes for a Rubber (Hevea Brasiliensis) Plantation in Central Cambodia: The Effect of the Regular Spacing of Planted Trees

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumagai, Tomo'omi; Mudd, Ryan; Miyazawa, Yoshiyuki; Liu, Wen; Giambelluca, Thomas; Kobayashi, N.; Lim, Tiva Khan; Jomura, Mayuko; Matsumoto, Kazuho; Huang, Maoyi; Chen, Qi; Ziegler, Alan; Yin, Song

    2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We developed a soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer (SVAT) model applicable to simulating CO2 and H2O fluxes from the canopies of rubber plantations, which are characterized by distinct canopy clumping produced by regular spacing of plantation trees. Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis Müll. Arg.) plantations, which are rapidly expanding into both climatically optimal and sub-optimal environments throughout mainland Southeast Asia, potentially change the partitioning of water, energy, and carbon at multiple scales, compared with traditional land covers it is replacing. Describing the biosphere-atmosphere exchange in rubber plantations via SVAT modeling is therefore essential to understanding the impacts on environmental processes. The regular spacing of plantation trees creates a peculiar canopy structure that is not well represented in most SVAT models, which generally assumes a non-uniform spacing of vegetation. Herein we develop a SVAT model applicable to rubber plantation and an evaluation method for its canopy structure, and examine how the peculiar canopy structure of rubber plantations affects canopy CO2 and H2O exchanges. Model results are compared with measurements collected at a field site in central Cambodia. Our findings suggest that it is crucial to account for intensive canopy clumping in order to reproduce observed rubber plantation fluxes. These results suggest a potentially optimal spacing of rubber trees to produce high productivity and water use efficiency.

  1. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries. Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bourkina (Upper Volta), Brazil, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields, Appendix II, Phytomass Files, and References.

  2. Burundi: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpen Energy Information Burkina Faso

  3. Burundi-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the Congo Basin AgencyCompany Organization Environment Canada, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector Climate, Energy,...

  4. Burundi-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the Congo

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpen Energy Information Burkina Faso WesternBurstPowerBasin

  5. Group Proposal Vietnam-Cambodia tour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorin, Eric J.

    An ·Flights from Danang to Siem Riep ·Flights from Siem Riep to Phnom Penh ·Sightseeing fees and permits@KayaVolunteer.com #12;outside, we will wander the grounds to see the one pillar pagoda and the presidential palace. Next

  6. Cambodia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  7. www.natureplus.be Nature + Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of specialization are social forestry, regeneration of tropical timber species, tropical forest dynamics studies, technical assistance to companies engaged in the FSC process (e.g. integration of wildlife and social aspects in forest management) and management of non-timber forest products. Since February 2010, Nature

  8. Cameroon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LPInformation 8thCalwind II CEC WindCamelot Jump

  9. Cambodia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    initiative to support developing countries' efforts to pursue long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable, climate-resilient economic growth while slowing...

  10. Cambodia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainableCSL GasPermits Manual Jump to:(RECP) in Developing and Transition

  11. Cambodia-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainableCSL GasPermits Manual Jump to:(RECP) in Developing and

  12. Cambodia-Sub National Planning for Climate Change (cities, states,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainableCSL GasPermits Manual Jump to:(RECP) in Developing anddistricts) |

  13. UNDP/GEF-Cambodia-Sustainable Forest Management | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLC Place: Dallas,UGI UtilitiesInformation

  14. Cambodia-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LPInformation 8thCalwind II CEC Wind Farm JumpCam(CTI PFAN) |

  15. Cambodia-Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LPInformation 8thCalwind II CEC Wind Farm JumpCam(CTI PFAN)

  16. Cambodia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LPInformation 8thCalwind II CEC Wind Farm JumpCam(CTI

  17. Cambodia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpen EnergyCallaway Electric Cooperative JumpCalpine(EC-LEDS) |

  18. Cambodia-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpen EnergyCallaway Electric Cooperative

  19. Cambodia-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  20. Burundi-National Adaptation Plan of Action to Climate Change | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:Power LP Biomass Facility JumpBurleigh County,

  1. Wildlife Sustainability and Human Food Security in Cameroon, Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinbaum, Karen Zohar

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sustainable Use Of Renewable Resources. Science 262:828-829.Exploitation Of Renewable Resources. Annual Review OfAdaptive management of renewable resources. Blackburn Press,

  2. algeria cameroon cote: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Dja reserve has not yet been subject to forest logging. But the high processing of timber extraction and the commercial hunting of large mammals around the reserve, result...

  3. algeria cameroon egypt: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Dja reserve has not yet been subject to forest logging. But the high processing of timber extraction and the commercial hunting of large mammals around the reserve, result...

  4. Student Feature Article Contest Sponsored by Sodexo FROM CAMEROON TO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    AY Student employee's diverse exper¡ences fuel nonprof¡t By Lttzc Asçrþwo of the opportunity to work education.When lmoved to Brockton, MA, at the age of 9, I was surrounded by eco- nomic poverty, peer mental

  5. Wildlife Sustainability and Human Food Security in Cameroon, Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinbaum, Karen Zohar

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and people's future. Environmental Conservation 30:71-78.Reserve, Nicaragua. Environmental Conservation 35:211-220.and people's future. Environmental Conservation 30:71-78.

  6. Cameroon-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the Congo Basin AgencyCompany Organization Environment Canada, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector Climate, Energy,...

  7. Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Analysis of agricultural performance focused on trends in output, factor use, and productivity. Analysis of agricultural policy featured measurement of domestic and international...

  8. Wildlife Sustainability and Human Food Security in Cameroon, Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinbaum, Karen Zohar

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Team. 2010. R: A language and environment for statisticalTeam. 2010. R: A language and environment for statistical

  9. Cameroon-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainableCSL GasPermits Manual Jump to:(RECP) inCounty,(CTI PFAN) | Open

  10. Cameroon-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the Congo

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpen EnergyCallaway ElectricCambridge Funds Investment

  11. Lesson 7a: Continents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; Afrika Kusini [South Africa] Poland [Poland] Ukraine [Ukraine] Romania [Romania] Iraq [Iraq] Burundi

  12. L'ANTHROPOLOGIE GENETIQUE ET LA QUESTION DE LA CITOYENNETE DANS LA REGION DES GRANDS LACS (RWANDA -BURUNDI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    factions. Le conflit engagé concerne le droit à la citoyenneté, à vivre sur la terre de cette région

  13. Selling sex in unsafe spaces: Sex work risk environments in Phnom Penh, Cambodia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    practices Risk environment * 6 (Medium) 10 (High) 11 (High)medium risk, entertainment venues represent a high risk environment

  14. Money for something? Investigating the effectiveness of biodiversity conservation interventions in the Northern Plains of Cambodia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clements, Thomas

    2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    ),!leading!to!calls!for!increases!in!future!funding!by!an!order!of!magnitude!or!more!(Eliasch,!2008).!!Designing!policies!to!conserve!and!sustainably!mange!environmental!resources!and!biodiversity!is!however!extremely!challenging,!given!the!complex!and... !intervention!based!on!a!simplification!of!this!complexity!(Hirschmann,!1968;!Roe,!1991;!Mosse,!2004).!Strong!narratives!can!become!convincing!arguments!for!change,!particularly!when!supported!by!powerful!actors,!such!as!national!Governments,!donor!aid!agencies!and!international!organisations,!and!can!lead!to!the...

  15. CCAP-REDD+ Design in Cambodia, Indonesia, and Mexico: Lessons to Inform

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpen Energy Information BurkinaButyl FuelC TInternational

  16. Cambodia-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpen EnergyCallaway Electric Cooperative JumpCalpine(EC-LEDS)

  17. Cambodia-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpen EnergyCallaway Electric CooperativeEnergy Information

  18. Cambodia-Status and Potential for the Development of Biofuels and Rural

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpen EnergyCallaway Electric CooperativeEnergy

  19. Explaining the causes and consequences of internationally monitored elections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Susan Dayton

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CIS mission to Moldova and Kyrgyzstan because of the CIS’sFaso Equatorial Guinea Kyrgyzstan Burundi Estonia Laos

  20. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  1. Crustal origin of Early Proterozoic syenites in the Congo Craton (Ntem Complex), South Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    and Th/U enrichment. The syenites show the same isotope characteristics as the surrounding gneiss terrane terrane. The isotope signatures and the trace elements provide unambiguous evidence that the two syenite in their SiO2 contents. The isotope characteristics, including 143 Nd/144 Nd, 87 Sr/86 Sr and common Pb, point

  2. The Ecology and Conservation of the Critically Endangered Cross River Gorilla in Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sawyer, Sarah

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of desert bighorn sheep. Ecology Letters, 8, 1029-1038.Journal of Animal Ecology, 79, 1157-1163. Beazley, K. ,Journal of Animal Ecology, 75, 1393-1405. Boulanger, J.G. &

  3. Cameroon-Forest Sector Development in a Difficult Political Economy | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomassSustainableCSL GasPermits Manual Jump to:(RECP) inCounty,(CTI PFAN) |

  4. Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened and How

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEE JumpAeroWindcapital GmbH Jump to:MRV of agriculturalto

  5. Crimes against Humanity at the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia: Is a Connection with Armed Conflict Required?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Stuart

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India, Kenya, Mexico, Mongolia, Nigeria, Philippines,Jamaica, Jordan, Ke- nya, Mongolia, Nigeria, Oman, Panama,Id. at 279. In 1985, Mongolia also blamed the "increased

  6. S. De Cliff et P.C. Harerimana Extraction de l'huile essentielle... Page 1 de 17 Revue de l'Universit du Burundi Srie Sciences Exactes N 28 Septembre 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Fleurs de Cananga Odorata de la Plaine de l'Imbo: Vers la Vulgarisation d'une Nouvelle Filière de Plante « ylang-ylang », est une plante très odorante que l'on trouve de plus en plus dans la plaine de l'Imbo. L, commonly known as "ylang-ylang", is a very fragrant plant now growing in the Imbo plain. The extraction

  7. Around the World byprivatejet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Taosheng

    AngkorWat, Cambodia Petra or Wadi Rum, Jordan engeti Plain or rongoro Crater, Tanzania The Great Barrier cities of the ancient world at Petra, or explore the lunar-like landscape of Wadi Rum. Cambodia india

  8. Enigmatic morphology of Djinga felicis (Podostemaceae Podostemoideae), a badly known endemic from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zürich, Universität

    northwestern Cameroon JEAN-PAUL GHOGUE1 , GABRIEL K. AMEKA2 , VALENTIN GROB3 , KONRAD A. HUBER3 , EVELIN

  9. Characterizing demand for domestic versus imported chicken in developing countries: the case of Haiti and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of Haiti and Cameroon Cathie LAROCHE DUPRAZ, Carole ROPARS COLLET Working Paper SMART ­ LERECO N°10: the case of Haiti and Cameroon Cathie LAROCHE DUPRAZ Agrocampus Ouest, UMR1302 SMART, F-35000 Rennes versus imported chicken in developing countries: the case of Haiti and Cameroon Abstract Since

  10. TEMPLATE DESIGN 2008 www.PosterPresentations.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    : Austria Burundi China Germany Guatemala Haiti Nicaragua Norway South Korea The following types international students to American camping culture ·Connects students across colleges, majors and disciplines ·Introduces foundations of intercultural competency, which leads to more successful integration into the wider

  11. Civil War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blattman, Christopher; Miguel, Edward

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    World Bank 2008). Civil war incidence is drawn from theforthcoming. "Health and Civil War in Burundi." Journal ofMazurana. 2008. "Survey of War Affected Youth: Phase I & II

  12. Anne Cornet, Politiques de sant et contrle social au Rwanda. 1920-1940, Karthala, 2011, 472p.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    'origine militaire. Les médecins (ils sont 8 en 1930), les agents sanitaires et infirmiers européens sont aidés par des auxiliaires locaux, de mieux en mieux formés, soit à l'école d'infirmiers de Kitega (au Burundi

  13. asian life scientists: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    east-asian-languages Vertes, Akos 32 William Dampier, seaman, scientist University of Kansas - KU ScholarWorks Summary: <* Iflands near Cambodia China, Formofi, Luconia, Ce...

  14. Benefits of Tropical Forest Management Under the New Climate...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Forest Management Under the New Climate Change Agreement-A Case Study in Cambodia AgencyCompany Organization United States Agency for International Development, Global...

  15. 2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auckland, University of

    Taipei, Belgium, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, New Zealand, Nigeria, Panama, Peru, Poland, Republic of South Africa, Romania

  16. Sustainable Development of Renewable Energy Mini-grids for Energy Access: A Framework for Policy Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deshmukh, Ranjit

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Impact Analysis of Rural Electrification Projects in Sub-2011. H. Zerriffi, “Distributed Rural Electrification inCambodia,” in Rural Electrification, Springer Netherlands,

  17. Humanity Must Be Defended: War, Politics and Humanitarian Relief in Iraq, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Adrian

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Haiti, Somalia, Iraqi Kurdistan and Cambodia. A few oldprovinces into “Iraqi Kurdistan” in the wake of Operationsometimes called Iraqi Kurdistan). The NGO representatives

  18. Renminbi Going Global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheung, Yin-Wong

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    countries such as Cambodia, Mongolia, Russia, and Vietnam.including Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,billion circulating in Mongolia and Vietnam. The official

  19. Evidence to Policy: Do Voucher Programs Improve Maternal Health in Developing Countries?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, Carinne Delia

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    utilization of maternal health services in rural Cambodia.of Reproductive Health Services by the poor and vulnerablelessons from the basic health services project in China. ”

  20. PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Brooks, Sharon Elizabeth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, John D.

    ://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~content=t713395137 The Balance of Power in Rural Marketing Networks: A Case Study of Snake Trading in Cambodia Sharon of Power in Rural Marketing Networks: A Case Study of Snake Trading in Cambodia SHARON E. BROOKS*, BEREKET, Edward H. and Reynolds, John D.(2010) 'The Balance of Power in Rural Marketing Networks: A Case Study

  1. Wildlife Monitoring and Conservation in a West African Protected Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Andrew Cole

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    local communities. Environmental Conservation, 28, 135-149.Parks in Ghana. Environmental Conservation, 9, 293-304.northern Cameroon. Environmental Conservation, 30, 175-181.

  2. From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Sarah T.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cameroon. ” Environmental Conservation 1(1): 1–9. Bugajski,and water and environmental conservation Coordination withareas, including environmental conservation and education,

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - aerosolized florida red Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ; Geosciences 15 27. R. Bessinger, P. Akwara, "Trends in Sexual and Fertility-Related Behavior: Cameroon, Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Summary: over the southwest Florida penin- sula....

  4. Slide07 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Algeria Australia Argentina Botswana Brazil Burkina Faso Cameroon Canada Chile Colombia Congo, DR Cote d'Ivoire Denmark Egypt Finland France Germany Ghana India Japan...

  5. Efficacy of amodiaquine, sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine and their combination for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in children in Cameroon at the time of policy change to artemisinin-based combination therapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mbacham, Wilfred F; Evehe, Marie-Solange B; Netongo, Palmer M; Ateh, Isabel A; Mimche, Patrice N; Ajua, Anthony; Nji, Akindeh M; Echouffo-Tcheugui, Justin B; Tawe, Bantar; Hallett, Rachel; Roper, Cally; Targett, Geoffrey; Greenwood, Brian

    2010-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    ) is in the littoral-forest, Yaoundé (Yao) is in the forest-savannah mosaic and Garoua (Gar) is in the guinnea-savannah Table 2 Frequency of common adverse events Drug Adverse Events Frequency SPAQ Weakness 1.25% Cough 1.25% Rashes 0.84% SP Weakness 1.25% Cough 1... .25% Rashes 0.84% Anorexia 0.84% Diarrhea 1.25% AQ Weakness 02.5% Cough 0.42% Rashes 0.42% Frequencies represented here were calculated across all study sites and represent those whose frequencies exceeded 0. Mbacham et al. Malaria Journal 2010, 9:34 http...

  6. International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) International Organizations Center -5th Floor, Pacifico-Yokohama Market Information Service (MIS) 1-1-1 Minato-Mirai, Nishi-ku, Yokohama 220-0012, Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and being emulated by other countries. Three logging companies in the country joined WWF's forest and trade an independent monitoring system in Peru to track illegal logging. In Japan, tropical log and sawnwood imports Headlines Cameroon benefits from processing policy 2 Three Cameroon companies join CAFTN 2 Malaysia extends

  7. Publications Foreign Fishery Market Reports Published

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    promote the construction of shipyard facilities, cold storage plants, and canneries. If the government 'The Fishing Industry in Brazil" 16 DIB 77-03-004 $3.50 Burundi "Fishing Industry" 3 DIB 77-02-025 $3.50 Mauritania "Fishing Companies" 20 PB 261-862 $3.50 Panama "Fishing Industry" 26 DIB 76-09-027 $4

  8. Centre for the Study of African Economies Department of Economics . University of Oxford . Manor Road Building . Oxford OX1 3UQ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    , Olivia D'Aoust , Olivier Sterck§ May 2014 Abstract We aim at understanding the triggers of electoral, Electoral violence, Polarization, Demobilization, Burundi JEL Classification: D74, O11, O17, O55 We thank, Antonio Estache, James Fenske, Anke Hoeffler, Davy Paindaveine, Cyrus Samii and Philip Verwimp

  9. Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , sponsored by NOAA, California Energy Commission, and CalFed; #12;EDUCATION AND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: USGS (Burundi, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda) and is used their information needs. In the US, INFORM is a project that is motivated by the water and energy shortages

  10. Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , California Energy Commission, and CalFed; 6. Epidemiological and Environmental Malaria Information System. The Nile DST has now been disseminated to all 10 Nile countries (Burundi, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia that is motivated by the water and energy shortages in California. INFORM brings together all relevant agencies

  11. Contacts at Regional Coordination Offices West Africa Bassirou Bonfoh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Mira Arynova Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan mira.arynova@ucentralasia.org www.nccr-central-asia.org South Asia- Aletsch Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Thailand Laos Vietnam China (Yunnan Province) Cambodia

  12. ASEM Conference on Forests, forest governance and timber products trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) - Implications and challenges of decentralized China's collective forest management Heng Sok (National Forest:00-10:30 Moderator: Heng Sok (Forestry Administration, Cambodia) Session: Forests and the market for timber products

  13. 5-12-2013 pag. 2 Erasmus Mundus Action 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    · Brazil, Argentina, Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Chile, Mexico, Colombia, Cuba, China: travel, health, accident · Travel costs: 1 return ticket · Tuition fee paid by project if mobility 10 you go? ­ Cambodia: Royal University of Agriculture ­ China: Nanjing University ­ China: Peking

  14. The tropics may be defined as the region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of1 Capricorn (i.e., within 23.5E N and S latitude), or according to ecozone, based on temperature,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & Herzegovina, Cambodia, Cuba, Iraq, Lebanon, and Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). 1 Prof. Jeffrey D. Sachs income levels to natural resources, energy in the cases of Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan, and diamonds

  15. Indochina energy outlook. Report series Number 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.J.; Lamke, A.J.; Li, B.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indochina contains large energy resources of oil, gas, coal, and hydropower, and will become an important oil, gas, and electricity exporter in Southeast Asia over the next decade. The combination of substantial energy resources and economic reforms in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia are attracting major investments in the energy sector. This report discusses the economy; the resources, reserves, and projected production of oil, gas, coal, and hydropower; and electric power in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. 10 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  16. Jahresbericht 2008 / Internet Seite 1 von 20 Anhang zum Eawag-Jahresbericht 2008 nur Internet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    for treating faecal sludges in tropical climate ­ the case of Yaoundé, Cameroon. PhD thesis, University Heterocyclic compounds in tar oil contaminated groundwater - occurrence, fate, and indications for natural

  17. Global Population Genetics and Evolution of Invasive Biotypes in the Whitefly Complex Bemisia tabaci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadjistylli, Margarita

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2 Cameroon 14 CanIsl-1 (Canary Islands) CanIsl-3 CanIsl-4Morocco, and the Canary Islands forming one cluster (Westernexisted in Spain and the Canary Islands, the already known B

  18. The Afterlife of Empire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailkin, Jordanna

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T. Lawson on a Visit to Nigeria and the British Cameroons,26. “Marriage by Proxy in Nigeria” (HO 344/256, TNA), May 5,Marriage by Proxy in Nigeria” (HO 344/256, TNA), May 18,

  19. Class Year Last Name First Name Project Title 2008 Avetisyan Marina Genomics Analysis of Sexually Dimorphic Gene Expression in the Developing and Adult Murine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

    , and Russian Modernism 2008 Keyvan Nina PU.1 and GATA Factor Inter-regulation in Mast Cell Differentiation 2008-Cameroon Pipeline: A Case Study on Perceived Doubts and Benefits in the Ngalaba Village 2008 Lu Sophie Olympian

  20. THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE SPACE INSTITUTE EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY SELF-IDENTIFICATION FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Lloyd M.

    (AFEM) Berlin 08/14/61 06/01/63 X X X X X Bosnia and Herzegovina (Joint Endeavor) 11/20/95 12/20/96 X X X X X Bosnia and Herzegovina (Joint Guard) 12/20/96 Present X X X X X Cambodia 03/29/73 08/15/73 X X

  1. THE UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY SELF-IDENTIFICATION FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Pengcheng

    (AFEM) Berlin 08/14/61 06/01/63 X X X X X Bosnia and Herzegovina (Joint Endeavor) 11/20/95 12/20/96 X X X X X Bosnia and Herzegovina (Joint Guard) 12/20/96 Present X X X X X Cambodia 03/29/73 08/15/73 X X

  2. acting in the South with the South

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    At the mid-point of the contract of objectives 11 A proven quality and sustainable development policy IRD C O AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT POLICY 2013 IRD IRD IRD #12;6 IRD - ANNUAL REPORT 2013 ECUADOR MARTINIQUE FRENCH Argentina Gabon Uganda Ethiopia Lebanon Nepal Cambodia East Timor Vanuatu India Seychelles Comoro Islands

  3. 21 Lower Kent Ridge Road Singapore 119077

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    learn physics on a sailboat. Intern at a Silicon Valley start-up. Design and build houses in Cambodia today. Because at NUS, classrooms are beyond four walls. WE ARE ASIAN AND GLOBAL #12;WE BRING · Italy can still recall the smell of the autumn air and the freezing cold that followed! China is the world

  4. ASIA PRO ECO PROGRAM Feeding China's Expanding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    continue. From this period, the largest source of export income has been timber, until the Cambodian in Cambodia. Additionally, in 2002, any logging activity has been suspended for any forest companies, until the approval of their new forest concessions. Some forest companies which had old logs (harvested before 2001

  5. Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutcliffe, Geoff

    , Artificial Intelligence and Reasoning Phnom Penh, Cambodia 13th - 17th November 2006 #12;#12;The 6th Logic, Artificial Intelligence and Computer Science has agreed to a special issue based around around Moscato 16:00-16:30 LIFT-UP: Lifted First-Order Planning Under Uncertainty Steffen H¨olldobler and Olga

  6. Strategies to Combat Illegal Logging and Forest Crime Magnitude of the problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strategies to Combat Illegal Logging and Forest Crime Magnitude of the problem Illegal logging estimated illegal logging as equal or exceeding the legal harvest rates in a number of countries including percent), Myanmar (80 percent), and Cambodia (94 percent). However, illegal logging is not limited

  7. Wind Power and the Clean Development Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Cambodia, Philippines, Vietnam · Latin America: Bolivia, Ecuador, Guatemala · Middle East and North Africa Projects Baseline Methodologies ACM2 Grid-connected electricity generation for renewable sources (no ­ combination of OM and BM emission factors 21 AM5 Small grid-connected zero-emission renewable electricity

  8. Stort projekt skal ruste ulandene til at klare sig bedre i globale forhandling-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    giver virksomheder i ilande mulighed for at investe- re i en bæredygtig udvikling i ulandes energi udgangen af 2002. Landende er Vietnam, Egypten, Uganda, Mozambique, Bolivia, Filippinerne, Cambodia, Jordan, Marokko, Cote d'Ivoire, Guatamala og Ecuador. ENERGI, MILJØ OG UDVIKLINGSEKSPERTISE RISØNYT 3/02 >> Ulande

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Microbial oxidation of arsenite in a subarctic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambodia, Vietnam, Nepal, China, Inner Mongolia, Bolivia and Mexico [2,3]. In addition, arsenic contami prokaryotes have evolved mechanisms to gain energy by either oxidising or redu- cing it [5,6]. Prokaryotic are phylogenetically diverse. The oxidation of arsenite may yield useable energy or may merely form part

  10. The University of Washington acts on its great capacity and ambition for addressing vital issues, motivated by the power of shared concern, as is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

    Personnel (AP) serves as the institutional portal for academic personnel administration. We bring clear transitions for faculty, librarians, and academic staff · Monitor and uphold the high standards for ethics AFGHANISTAN 1 ALBANIA 1 AZERBAIJAN 1 BULARIA 1 BURMA (MYANMAR) 1 CAMEROON 1 COSTA RICA 1 ETHIOPIA 1 JAMAICA 1

  11. J Epidemiol Community Health . Author manuscript Ten-year change in blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and prevalence of hypertension in urban and rural Cameroon L opold Fezeué 1 2 , Andr -Pascal Kengneé 2 3 Abstract Background Hypertension is becoming increasingly important in sub of this study was to evaluate the 10-year change in blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension

  12. 9th World Wide Workshop for Young Environmental Scientists WWW-YES-Brazil-2009: Urban waters: resource or risks? 26-30 October 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    supply, sanitation and waste management facilities. Urban context of the Mingoa River watershed9th World Wide Workshop for Young Environmental Scientists WWW-YES-Brazil-2009: Urban waters on the Municipal Lake of Yaoundé, Cameroon Marielle Naah* *Laboratoire Eau Environnement et Systèmes Urbains (LEESU

  13. Original Research Article A model for using self-organized agents to visually map environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Huosheng

    ); Nerve gas as in the 1991 Gulf War (Kang and Bullman, 1996) and carbon dioxide as in 1986 when the Lake Nyos in Cameroon released its underground storage of carbon dioxide. This led to the asphyxiation event occurred two years earlier when Lake Monoun released carbon dioxide resulting in the death of up

  14. Implication of the cultural influence on development discourse manifested in the interaction of Cambodian and "Western" discourse on development issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imam, Zeba

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    than, better then, her husband? (Ledgerwood, 1990, p.100). Theresa is an expatriate development worker, who has been working in Cambodia for over 10 years now. She is the founder of an organization engaged in capacity building... that these changes are not seen publicly so that their husbands do not lose face? [I8EF3/31-p2]. Maaly and Somnang made similar observations in this context and stated (though not as critically as Theresa) that many women have economic independence...

  15. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  16. Future world LNG trade looks good - part 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, P.J.

    1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Projects to deliver gas to Japan will increase Japan's volume of LNG by two-thirds while the share of projects directed toward Europe and the U.S. will decrease proportionately. Tables showing base-load LNG import projects under construction and possible projects are presented (e.g. Australia-Japan; Canada-Japan; Nigeria-Europe/US; Cameroons-Europe; Canadian Arctic-Europe), each of which is briefly discussed.

  17. Chirac Said “Non” – Or Did He? Revisiting U.S. - UN Diplomacy on the 2003 Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rrecchia, Stefano

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    could for the most part be financed through sales of Iraqi oil.29 The belief that a protracted stabilization mission would be unnecessary in Iraq further reduced any incentive to secure UN approval as a means of legitimating the war and facilitating... Washington significant leverage over its foreign policy. Germany and Syria, by contrast, were firmly opposed. That put all the weight on the other six nonpermanent members, who remained uncommitted: Mexico, Chile, Pakistan, Angola, Cameroon, and Guinea...

  18. 3!85%b%G%k$K$h$k%P%$%h%s;1!B:4i$N2r@O$H@):nG 3D Shape Analysis of Bayon Faces to Reveal Their Historical Background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    that are useful for inspecting and classifying objects. The Bayon temple, which consists of 52 towers, is one of the most well-known buildings of the Angkor monument in Cambodia. The temple is famous for its towers which/$h$j3+;O$7!$ 8=:$^$G$K4 2s$N7WB,%%C%7%g%s$r9T$C$?!%0d@WA4B %G%k2=$K2C$(!$$9$Y$F$NB:4i$r%b%G%k2=$7$F

  19. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  20. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  1. Solar electricity for Africa: The case of Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plas, R.J. van der

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents results of two recent World Bank efforts made in Kenya, Niger, and Cameroon to study the impact of two different renewable projects, one a Micro-Lights program involving about 500 lanterns and the second a survey of 410 households using solar electricity systems. The Micro-Lights program showed that users have distinct preferences in the style of the lamps, that they are willing to spend cash, and that they demand good quality. They may be initially satisfied, but rapidly want more from their purchases. The photoelectric system survey touched less than 1% of such households, and looked at user education, system size, satisfaction, expectations, age of system, appliances, and expectations.

  2. Lethal tide: The worldwide threat from cheap conventional arms. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, C.D.

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The twentieth century has seen as unprecedented explosion in the manufacture and use of armaments. This has been accompanied by steady increases in the number, length and lethality of conflicts. Both trends have been accelerating since the end of World War II, especially with regard to the so-called Third World. The focus of most arms control efforts has been on nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, with some secondary concern in the last two decades over sophisticated major conventional armaments. Virtually unnoticed have been the massive quantities of simple, inexpensive arms produced all over the globe and traded in channels overt, covert, and illegal. These items remain useful for many years. Equipment such as mortars and rifles find application in war after war, while ammunition keeps its explosive nature until it detonates. So the world, especially the Third World, has an ever growing sea of cheap arms, the old stuff still dangerous, more added every day. Review of selected conflicts, including Cambodia and Afghanistan, illustrates the depth of the trouble we are in and suggests some possible future directions in order to avoid drowning in this lethal sea.

  3. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  4. Enigmatic compressional structures in an extensional province: Eku field, OML 67, offshore Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinones, M.; Evans, R. [Mobil Technology Co., Dallas, TX (United States); Alofe, K.; Onyeise, B. [Mobil Producing Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Acquisition of 3-D seismic data over OML 67-70 and a detailed reservoir description study done on the Eku field, have allowed identification of previously unrecognized compressional features. Situated within a depocenter between arcuate normal growth faults, the Eku structure consists of a shale-cored anticlinal fold and fold-and-thrust separated by a zone of lateral displacement. The crests of the folds have been eroded at a major unconformity at the base of the Qua Iboe shale (Early Pliocene). In the absence of definitive biostratigraphic data, correlations among the various fault-blocks are based on the character of sedimentary packages and sequences on wireline logs. Combined with analysis of the geometry of faults and folds, the correlations support a description of pulsatory movement of folding and faulting, that ultimately culminated in extensional reactivation of earlier regional extension and the not coincident. The effect of the anticipated reservoir sections, and deformation, both compressional, was gravity-driven and on shale detachments. A working hypothesis to explain the disparity in direction of earlier extension and subsequent compression is that thermal expansion that accompanied formation of the Cameroon volcanic line to the east of the Niger Delta in Miocene time, caused a change in the direction of structuring, allowing downslope gravity-driven compression to be superimposed on pre-existing extensional features.

  5. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.

    1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fewer wells and less footage were drilled in 1986 compared to 1985. Total drilling decreased by 23% as 217 wells were completed compared to 289 in 1985. Footage drilled during 1986 declined by 52%; about 1.3 million ft were drilled compared to about 2.7 million feet in 1985. The success rate for exploration wells of 34% during 1986 is due to considerably higher success rates in Nigeria and Gabon compared to 1985. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition was the major geophysical activity during 1986. Seismic activity (2-D and 3-D) decreased by 12% to about 230 crew-months. Total 2-D seismic kilometers recorded increased by 26% to about 82,000 km due to significant 2-D marine seismic activity in Nigeria and Angola. Surface geology, photogeology, geochemistry, gravimetry, and aeromagnetic surveys decreased compared to 1985. Total oil production in 1986 was 834 million bbl (about 2.2 million BOPD), an increase of 2%, with the most significant increased in Cameroon and Angola. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries increased to 72% in 1986 compared to 67% in 1985. 32 figures, 5 tables.

  6. Enigmatic compressional structures in an extensional province: Eku field, OML 67, offshore Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinones, M.; Evans, R. (Mobil Technology Co., Dallas, TX (United States)); Alofe, K.; Onyeise, B. (Mobil Producing Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria))

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Acquisition of 3-D seismic data over OML 67-70 and a detailed reservoir description study done on the Eku field, have allowed identification of previously unrecognized compressional features. Situated within a depocenter between arcuate normal growth faults, the Eku structure consists of a shale-cored anticlinal fold and fold-and-thrust separated by a zone of lateral displacement. The crests of the folds have been eroded at a major unconformity at the base of the Qua Iboe shale (Early Pliocene). In the absence of definitive biostratigraphic data, correlations among the various fault-blocks are based on the character of sedimentary packages and sequences on wireline logs. Combined with analysis of the geometry of faults and folds, the correlations support a description of pulsatory movement of folding and faulting, that ultimately culminated in extensional reactivation of earlier regional extension and the not coincident. The effect of the anticipated reservoir sections, and deformation, both compressional, was gravity-driven and on shale detachments. A working hypothesis to explain the disparity in direction of earlier extension and subsequent compression is that thermal expansion that accompanied formation of the Cameroon volcanic line to the east of the Niger Delta in Miocene time, caused a change in the direction of structuring, allowing downslope gravity-driven compression to be superimposed on pre-existing extensional features.

  7. Metals in fish from the Upper Benue River and lakes Geriyo and Njuwa in northeastern Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eromosele, C.O.; Eromosele, I.C.; Muktar, S.L.M.; Birdling, S.A. [Federal Univ. of Technology, Yola (Nigeria)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lakes Geriyo and Njuwa occupy natural depressions near the upper Benue River in northeastern Nigeria. The lakes are flooded by the river during the rainy season spanning the months of May to September. Fishing activities on the lakes and river provide fish for consumption by the local communities. Industrial activity around the upper Benue River and the lakes is low and there is no information on other activities with the potential for polluting the Benue River as it flows from neighboring Cameroon. However, an unconfirmed report indicated high levels of lead in the upper Benue River, generally speculated as arising from biogeometrical factors. Trace elements, some of which are toxic, may accumulate in edible marine organisms to levels which may be deleterious to human health. For the upper Benue River and its associate lakes, Geriyo and Njuwa, there is yet no report of a systematic study to assess the levels of metals in fish found in these waters. This paper presents the results of a study on metal levels in fish collected from Lakes Geriyo and Njuwa and upper Benue River in northeastern Nigeria. 7 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  8. Design of a rural water provision system to decrease arsenic exposure in Bangladesh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathieu, Johanna

    2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have invented ARUBA (Arsenic Removal Using Bottom Ash) a material that effectively and affordably removes high concentrations of arsenic from contaminated groundwater. The technology is cost-effective because the substrate?bottom ash from coal fired power plants?is a waste material readily available in South Asia. During fieldwork in four sub-districts ofBangladesh, ARUBA reduced groundwater arsenic concentrations as high as 680 ppb to below the Bangladesh standard of 50 ppb. Key results from three trips in Bangladesh and one trip to Cambodia include (1) ARUBA removes more than half of the arsenic from contaminated water within the first five minutes of contact, andcontinues removing arsenic for 2-3 days; (2) ARUBA?s arsenic removal efficiency can be improved through fractionated dosing (adding a given amount of ARUBA in fractions versus all at once); (3) allowing water to first stand for two to three days followed by treatment with ARUBA produced final arsenic concentrations ten times lower than treating water directly out of the well; and (4) the amount of arsenic removed per gram of ARUBA is linearly related to the initial arsenic concentrationof the water. Through analysis of existing studies, observations, and informal interviews in Bangladesh, eight design strategies have been developed and used in the design of a low-cost, community-scale water treatment system that uses ARUBA to remove arsenic from drinking water. We have constructed, tested, and analyzed a scale version of the system. Experiments have shown that the system is capable of reducing high levels of arsenic (nearly 600 ppb) to below 50 ppb, while remaining affordable to people living on less than $2 per day. The system could be sustainably implemented as a public-private partnership in rural Bangladesh.

  9. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S

    2001-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFOTM exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer-coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the center-point of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SAS{trademark} access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

  10. Geographical Distribution of Biomass Carbon in Tropical Southeast Asian Forests: A Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A database was generated of estimates of geographically referenced carbon densities of forest vegetation in tropical Southeast Asia for 1980. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to incorporate spatial databases of climatic, edaphic, and geomorphological indices and vegetation to estimate potential (i.e., in the absence of human intervention and natural disturbance) carbon densities of forests. The resulting map was then modified to estimate actual 1980 carbon density as a function of population density and climatic zone. The database covers the following 13 countries: Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia (Campuchea), India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The data sets within this database are provided in three file formats: ARC/INFO{trademark} exported integer grids, ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) files formatted for raster-based GIS software packages, and generic ASCII files with x, y coordinates for use with non-GIS software packages. This database includes ten ARC/INFO exported integer grid files (five with the pixel size 3.75 km x 3.75 km and five with the pixel size 0.25 degree longitude x 0.25 degree latitude) and 27 ASCII files. The first ASCII file contains the documentation associated with this database. Twenty-four of the ASCII files were generated by means of the ARC/INFO GRIDASCII command and can be used by most raster-based GIS software packages. The 24 files can be subdivided into two groups of 12 files each. These files contain real data values representing actual carbon and potential carbon density in Mg C/ha (1 megagram = 10{sup 6} grams) and integer- coded values for country name, Weck's Climatic Index, ecofloristic zone, elevation, forest or non-forest designation, population density, mean annual precipitation, slope, soil texture, and vegetation classification. One set of 12 files contains these data at a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, whereas the other set of 12 files has a spatial resolution of 0.25 degree. The remaining two ASCII data files combine all of the data from the 24 ASCII data files into 2 single generic data files. The first file has a spatial resolution of 3.75 km, and the second has a resolution of 0.25 degree. Both files also provide a grid-cell identification number and the longitude and latitude of the centerpoint of each grid cell. The 3.75-km data in this numeric data package yield an actual total carbon estimate of 42.1 Pg (1 petagram = 10{sup 15} grams) and a potential carbon estimate of 73.6 Pg; whereas the 0.25-degree data produced an actual total carbon estimate of 41.8 Pg and a total potential carbon estimate of 73.9 Pg. Fortran and SASTM access codes are provided to read the ASCII data files, and ARC/INFO and ARCVIEW command syntax are provided to import the ARC/INFO exported integer grid files. The data files and this documentation are available without charge on a variety of media and via the Internet from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC).

  11. Leakage and Sepage of CO2 from Geologic Carbon SequestrationSites: CO2 Migration into Surface Water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oldenburg, Curt M.; Lewicki, Jennifer L.

    2005-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Geologic carbon sequestration is the capture of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and its storage in deep geologic formations. One of the concerns of geologic carbon sequestration is that injected CO{sub 2} may leak out of the intended storage formation, migrate to the near-surface environment, and seep out of the ground or into surface water. In this research, we investigate the process of CO{sub 2} leakage and seepage into saturated sediments and overlying surface water bodies such as rivers, lakes, wetlands, and continental shelf marine environments. Natural CO{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} fluxes are well studied and provide insight into the expected transport mechanisms and fate of seepage fluxes of similar magnitude. Also, natural CO{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} fluxes are pervasive in surface water environments at levels that may mask low-level carbon sequestration leakage and seepage. Extreme examples are the well known volcanic lakes in Cameroon where lake water supersaturated with respect to CO{sub 2} overturned and degassed with lethal effects. Standard bubble formation and hydrostatics are applicable to CO{sub 2} bubbles in surface water. Bubble-rise velocity in surface water is a function of bubble size and reaches a maximum of approximately 30 cm s{sup -1} at a bubble radius of 0.7 mm. Bubble rise in saturated porous media below surface water is affected by surface tension and buoyancy forces, along with the solid matrix pore structure. For medium and fine grain sizes, surface tension forces dominate and gas transport tends to occur as channel flow rather than bubble flow. For coarse porous media such as gravels and coarse sand, buoyancy dominates and the maximum bubble rise velocity is predicted to be approximately 18 cm s{sup -1}. Liquid CO{sub 2} bubbles rise slower in water than gaseous CO{sub 2} bubbles due to the smaller density contrast. A comparison of ebullition (i.e., bubble formation) and resulting bubble flow versus dispersive gas transport for CO{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} at three different seepage rates reveals that ebullition and bubble flow will be the dominant form of gas transport in surface water for all but the smallest seepage fluxes or shallowest water bodies. The solubility of the gas species in water plays a fundamental role in whether ebullition occurs. We used a solubility model to examine CO{sub 2} solubility in waters with varying salinity as a function of depth below a 200 m-deep surface water body. In this system, liquid CO{sub 2} is stable between the deep regions where supercritical CO{sub 2} is stable and the shallow regions where gaseous CO{sub 2} is stable. The transition from liquid to gaseous CO{sub 2} is associated with a large change in density, with corresponding large change in bubble buoyancy. The solubility of CO{sub 2} is lower in high-salinity waters such as might be encountered in the deep subsurface. Therefore, as CO{sub 2} migrates upward through the deep subsurface, it will likely encounter less saline water with increasing capacity to dissolve CO{sub 2} potentially preventing ebullition, depending on the CO{sub 2} leakage flux. However, as CO{sub 2} continues to move upward through shallower depths, CO{sub 2} solubility in water decreases strongly leading to greater likelihood of ebullition and bubble flow in surface water. In the case of deep density-stratified lakes in which ebullition is suppressed, enhanced mixing and man-made degassing schemes can alleviate the buildup of CO{sub 2} and related risk of dangerous rapid discharges. Future research efforts are needed to increase understanding of CO{sub 2} leakage and seepage in surface water and saturated porous media. For example, we recommend experiments and field tests of CO{sub 2} migration in saturated systems to formulate bubble-driven water-displacement models and relative permeability functions that can be used in simulation models.