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1

Tolerance for Income Inequality and Redistributive Preferences: Cross-nation and Multilevel Perspectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rep. Latvia Bulgaria Croatia Turkey Poland South AfricaTurkey Estonia China Austria Croatia Philippines UK DenmarkIsrael South Africa Turkey Croatia Bulgaria Latvia France

Tay, Thiam Chye

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Microsoft Word - Final Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

3

Microsoft PowerPoint - 8_Martyn_NMMSS_2013_Foreign Obligations...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The...

4

Microsoft PowerPoint - 10_ROSE_MARTYN_UPDATED_NMMSS_2014_Foreign...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The...

5

Microsoft PowerPoint - 2A_Wednesday 5-22 830 NMMSS_2013_Presentation...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

6

Microsoft Word - Foreign Obligation Codes.docx  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

7

Microsoft PowerPoint - 2_hirsh Monday 5-20 Overview.ppt [Compatibility...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

8

Microsoft PowerPoint - 6_Mitch Hembree_Monday 5-20 1115 NMMSS...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

9

Book Review. The 20th Century Libraries in the Baltic Sea Regions. Transactions of the National Library of Estonia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ís treatment of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania is balanced and devoid of nationalistic Jingoism or patriotic bias. His conclusions reflect general patterns in the data, neither overstating nor understating similarities and differences. Arida...

Giullian, Jon C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Geology and hydrocarbon prospects of Latvia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil prospects in Latvia are associated with the Baltic syneclise. Latvia occupies about one fourth of that large tectonic depression; zones of oil accumulation continue there from adjacent areas: the Telshai rampart (Lithuania) and the Leba nose (Polish offshore). The oil prospects in separate areas are determined by their position regarding the sources of oil generation--the Gdansk-Kura and Liepaya depressions. The most prospective areas are the Liepaya-Saldus zone of highs and the Pape-Barta trough. The Liepaya-Saldus zone was situated so that the hydrocarbon migration path crossed it. It probably is an important oil accumulation zone. The paper describes the geology of Latvia and the one oil field in Latvia.

Freimanis, A. (Latvian Dept. of Geology, Riga (Latvia)); Margulis, L.; Brangulis, A.; Kanev, S.; Pomerantseva, R. (Inst. of Marine Geology and Geophysics, Riga (Latvia))

1993-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

11

Changing Demographics in Latvia by Changing Ethnic Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines language and citizenship laws in Latvia to determine how they have been used to change Latvia's internal ethnic identity and external geopolitical relations. A discourse analysis of two of the region's major news sources...

Cooper, Zachary L.

2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

12

Estonia`s oil shale industry - meeting environmental standards of the future  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil shale is Estonia`s greatest mineral resource. In the 1930s, it was used as a source of gasoline and fuel oil, but now it is mined primarily for thermal generation of electricity. With the loss of its primary market for electricity in the early 1990s and in the absence of another domestic source of fuel Estonia once again is considering the use of a larger proportion of its shale for oil production. However, existing retorting operations in Estonia may not attain western European environmental standards and desired conversion efficiencies. As a reference point, the Estonian authorities have documented existing environmental impacts. It is evaluating technologies to reduce the impacts and is setting a direction for the industry that will serve domestic needs. This paper provides a description of the existing oil shale industry in Estonia and options for the future.

Tanner, T. [Jaakko Poyry International, Helsinki (Finland); Bird, G.; Wallace, D. [Alberta Research Council, Edmonton (Canada)] [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

13

E-Print Network 3.0 - area northern estonia Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Estonia.- Tallinn, Valgus, p... borings in brachiopod shells from the Caradoc Oil Shale of Estonia. Olev VINN 1 Abstract: Abundant worm... (Caradoc) oil shale in North...

14

aarne saluveer estonia: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Websites Summary: . The DemoEast programme objective in Estonia was to promote the pellets firing technology, equipment and Kiltsi light oil fired boilers have been converted...

15

Advocacy Coalitions in East European Sex Tourism: The Case of Latvia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The widening of the European Union and the emergence of budget airlines have brought with them a host of challenges to new member states like Latvia. A result of the economic polarization and its disproportionate effect ...

Dean, Laura A.

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

16

Cost Curves for Gas Supply Security: The Case of Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Interconnections: 8.64 7.92 14 - 5 Figure 2. Structure of gas consumption by sector, Bulgaria (2007) Figure 3. Structure of heat generation by fuel type, Bulgaria (2007) Figure 4. Electricity generation mix, Bulgaria (2007) Chemical industry 31... to put the vertical dotted line). The government may want to insure the gas consumption of some specific categories of customers, the interruption of which Cost per unit of peak gas consumption insured (mÄ/mcm/day) Cumulative level of peak gas...

Silve, Florent; NoŽl, Pierre

17

Estonia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 NoSan Leandro,Law and PolicyEssex County is aEstonia: Energy

18

Options for Bulgaria power system extension planning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the existing transition to market economy in Bulgaria, the planning of development of electricity generation is among the priorities of the national policy of restructuring and renovation of electricity system in the country. Optimal plans for development of the generation capacity are worked out by means of optimization procedure part of ENPEP package (ELECTRIC module) based on the dynamic programming technique. The optimal plans study three main strategies for development of energy capacities, which have to do with the priority of some type of natural resources--Coal, Natural Gas and Nuclear Energy. The Hydro Power Plant construction and loading schedule for each scenario is different and it harmonized with the maneuverability of other capacities. Coal scenario emphasizes the opportunities for the maximizing of local coal mining, substitution of black coal (energy and coke) import by mining of local coal fields and implementation of efficient and environmentally sound technologies when constructing new thermal power plants. Gas scenario envisages natural gas consumption within the limit of existing capacities of the national and transit pipelines. In this connection, the share of the new generating capacities using combined cycle increases their share. Nuclear scenario assumes increased share of the nuclear units at the expense of local coal mining and natural gas. This is due to the rehabilitation of 1,000 MW units in NPP Kozloduy, completion of a 1,000 MW unit in new NPP and construction of 1--2 new units 600 MW after 2010. The data obtained outlines the perspectives for development of energy generation capacities in Bulgaria for the period 2000--2020, tendencies in the generation structure and the share of each different type of generation units in the structure of electricity generation system. Output information serves as a sound base for conclusions on the advantages and disadvantages of the three strategies.

Vassilev, C.; Christov, C.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Are Levels of Democracy Influenced by Mass Attitudes? Testing a Central Premise of the Political Culture Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poland Chile Bulgaria Croatia Albania S. Africa Switzld. S.Bulgaria, Chile, China, Croatia, Czech Rep. , Estonia,

Welzel, Christian

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

BCI 2007, Sofia, Bulgaria Nikolina Ilieva Nikolova 263  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Sciences, 52, Bigla Str., 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria e-mail: nnikolova@npmg.org The Innovative Didactics via web Didactics via Web Based Learning project was started. It was initiated as a Socrates European program project, supported by the Minerva subprogram [4]. The project Innovative Didactics via Web Based Learning

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulgaria estonia latvia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes, Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes, Bulgaria M. Stefanova, O. Maman, B, Orleans Cedex 2, France Abstract Contents of preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes were determined. Phenol aldehydes, ketones and acids released from lignin by CuO oxidative

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

22

Corsi di laurea magistrale in italiano (non EU soggiornanti in Italia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Azerbaijan Belgio Bosnia e Herzegovina Bulgaria Città del Vaticano Croazia Cipro Danimarca Estonia Finlandia

23

E-Print Network 3.0 - area southwest estonia Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

acp52299 Summary: (Tervahattu et al., 2002a, b), emissions from oil-shale burn- ing industrial areas in Estonia and Russia... 5Helsinki Metropolitan Area...

24

E-Print Network 3.0 - area central estonia Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

borings in brachiopod shells Summary: borings in brachiopod shells from the Caradoc Oil Shale of Estonia. Olev VINN 1 Abstract: Abundant worm... (Caradoc) oil shale in North...

25

Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Latvia Australia N. Zealand Croatia Cyprus InsI Country 2Belgium Brazil Canada Chile Croatia Cyprus Denmark EstoniaAustria Belgium Canada Croatia Cyprus Denmark Estonia Israel

Moreno Centeno, Erick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Thyroid nodularity and cancer among Chernobyl cleanup workers from Estonia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thyroid examinations, including palpation, ultrasound and, selectively, fine-needle aspiration biopsy, were conducted on nearly 2,000 Chernobyl cleanup workers from Estonia to evaluate the occurrence of thyroid cancer and nodular thyroid disease among men with protracted exposure to ionizing radiation. The examinations were conducted in four cities in Estonia during March-April 1995, 9 years after the reactor accident. The study population was selected from a predefined cohort of 4,833 cleanup workers from Estonia under surveillance for cancer incidence. These men had been sent to Chernobyl between 1986 and 1991 to entomb the damaged reactor, remove radioactive debris and perform related cleanup activities. A total of 2,997 men were invited for thyroid screening and 1,984 (66%) were examined. Estimates of radiation dose from external sources were obtained from military or other institutional records, and details about service dates and types of work performed while at Chernobyl were obtained from a self-administered questionnaire. Blood samples were collected for assay of chromosomal translocations in circulating lymphocytes and loss of expression of the glycophorin A (GPA) gene in erythrocytes. The primary outcome measure was the presence or absence of thyroid nodules as determined by the ultrasound examination. Of the screened workers, 1,247 (63%) were sent to Chernobyl in 1986, including 603 (30%) sent in April or May, soon after the accident. Workers served at Chernobyl for an average of 3 months. The average age was 32 years at the time of arrival at Chernobyl and 40 years at the time of thyroid examination. The mean documented radiation dose from external sources was 10.8 cGy. Biological indicators of exposure showed low correlations with documented dose, but did not indicate that the mean dose for the population was higher than the average documented dose. 47 refs., 1 fig., 9 tabs.

Inskip, P.D.; Boice, J.D. Jr. [National Cancer Inst., Rockville, MD (United States); Tekkel, M. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Technology experience and economics of oil shale mining in Estonia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The exhaustion of fuel-energy resources became an evident problem of the European continent in the 1960s. Careful utilization of their own reserves of coal, oil, and gas (Germany, France, Spain) and assigned shares of imports of these resources make up the strategy of economic development of the European countries. The expansion of oil shale utilization is the most topical problem. The experience of mining oil shale deposits in Estonia and Russia, in terms of the practice and the economic results, is reviewed in this article. The room-and-pillar method of underground mining and the open-cut technology of clearing the ground ensure the fertility of a soil. The economics of underground and open pit oil shale mines is analyzed in terms of natural, organizational, and technical factors. These analyses are used in the planning and management of oil shale mining enterprises. The perspectives of the oil shale mining industry of Estonia and the economic expediency of multiproduction are examined. Recommendations and guidelines for future industrial utilization of oil shale are given in the summary.

Fraiman, J.; Kuzmiv, I. [Estonian Oil Shale State Co., Jyhvi (Estonia). Scientific Research Center

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Passive solar systems performance under conditions in Bulgaria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents energy performance of 12 passive solar systems for three climatically different zones of Bulgaria. The results are compared with a base-case residential house that has a design typical for these areas. The different passive solar systems are compared on the basis of the percentage of solar savings and the yield, which is the annual net benefit of adding the passive solar system. The analyses are provided based on monthly meteorological data, and the method used for calculations is the Solar Load Ratio. Recommendations for Bulgarian conditions are given. 5 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Lekov, A.B.; Balcomb, J.D.

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Tax Morale and Conditional Cooperation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estonia, Ukraine, Russia, Croatia, Slovakia, Greece, andBelarus Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic -0.282*** -5.74 -Republic, Bulgaria, Croatia, and Poland exhibit relatively

Frey, Bruno S.; Torgler, Benno

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary,Ukraine, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia allChile China Columbia Croatia Dominican Republic Ecuador

Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Industry turns its attention south  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Tulenovo field holds key to new drilling in Bulgaria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tulenovo oil field is located on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast, 60 km northeast of the port of Varna and 25 km south of the Romanian border. The accumulation, second largest in Bulgaria, has several unusual technical features: shallow depth ({+-}350 m); cavernous porosity, giving excellent reservoir quality, oil recovery, and production flow rates; an effective chalk seal; controversial and unproven source rock; a secondary gas cap; and extensive well coverage yielding detailed reservoir data. The field`s gas cap is reported to contain 94% methane and > 5% nitrogen. The gas is not in equilibrium with the underlying oil and is interpreted to represent a secondary feature resulting from more recent thermal or biogenic gas generation. Carbon isotope analysis of the gas is not available to resolve this matter. The most likely source of the gas is the fore-deep to the Balkan mountains (the Kamchia depression), located south of the field. The paper describes the reservoir, its seal, oil and gas characteristics, structure, production performance, and development plans.

Bottomley, S.; Pritchard, G. [Balkan Explorers (Bulgaria) Ltd., London (United Kingdom)

1998-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

33

Fresh and Spent Nuclear Fuel Repatriation from the IRT-2000 Research Reactor Facility, Sofia, Bulgaria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The IRT 2000 research reactor, operated by the Bulgarian Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (INRNE), safely shipped all of their Russian-origin nuclear fuel from the Republic of Bulgaria to the Russian Federation beginning in 2003 and completing in 2008. These fresh and spent fuel shipments removed all highly enriched uranium (HEU) from Bulgaria. The fresh fuel was shipped by air in December 2003 using trucks and a commercial cargo aircraft. One combined spent fuel shipment of HEU and low enriched uranium (LEU) was completed in July 2008 using high capacity VPVR/M casks transported by truck, barge, and rail. The HEU shipments were assisted by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) and the LEU spent fuel shipment was funded by Bulgaria. This report describes the work, approvals, organizations, equipment, and agreements required to complete these shipments and concludes with several major lessons learned.

K. J. Allen; T. G. Apostolov; I. S. Dimitrov

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Dissolved oxygen in the River Mesta (Bulgaria): a case study for qualitative modelling of sustainable development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of sustainable development Yordan Uzunov1 , Tim Nuttle2 , Elena Nakova1 and Emilia Varadinova1 1 Central reasoning model of sustainable development issues in the River Mesta, Bulgaria, following a standardized knowledge about biological and physical processes in the stream as well as impacts of external influences

Bailey-Kellogg, Chris

35

RUSSIAN-ORIGIN HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL SHIPMENT FROM BULGARIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In July 2008, the Global Threat Reduction Initiative and the IRT 2000 research reactor in Sofia, Bulgaria, operated by the Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (INRNE), safely shipped 6.4 kilograms of Russian origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel (SNF) to the Russian Federation. The shipment, which resulted in the removal of all HEU from Bulgaria, was conducted by truck, barge, and rail modes of transport across two transit countries before reaching the final destination at the Production Association Mayak facility in Chelyabinsk, Russia. This paper describes the work, equipment, organizations, and approvals that were required to complete the spent fuel shipment and provides lessons learned that might assist other research reactor operators with their own spent nuclear fuel shipments.

Kelly Cummins; Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Tihomir Apostolov; Ivaylo Dimitrov

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

The power of the family  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Finland, France, Great Britain,ties Croatia Algeria Finland Sweden Latvia Czech RepublicRep. South Africa (Union of) Finland Korea Mexico Bangladesh

Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Physica A 362 (2006) 465470 Fractionally integrated process for transition economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia b Center Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia. All

Stanley, H. Eugene

38

ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS 2008 -2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACADEMIC DELEGATION VISITS GRAPHICS 2008 - 2014 #12;Europe: Macedonia, Estonia, Romania, Bosnia, Germany, Estonia, Romania, Turkey, Belarus Asia: Kazakhstan, Russia, Thailand, Japan, Armenia, China, Brazil North America: Mexico, Canada Total Visits: 30 Europe: Czech Republic, Latvia, Germany, Romania

Di Pillo, Gianni

39

Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

while four more (Hungary, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Slovenia)Brazil, Peru, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Bulgaria,Republic in 2003, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Russia, Slovenia, and

Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Safety Assessment for the Kozloduy National Disposal Facility in Bulgaria - 13507  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to the early decommissioning of four Water-Water Energy Reactors (WWER) 440-V230 reactors at the Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) near the city of Kozloduy in Bulgaria, large amounts of low and intermediate radioactive waste will arise much earlier than initially scheduled. In or-der to manage the radioactive waste from the early decommissioning, Bulgaria has intensified its efforts to provide a near surface disposal facility at Radiana with the required capacity. To this end, a project was launched and assigned in international competition to a German-Spanish consortium to provide the complete technical planning including the preparation of the Intermediate Safety Assessment Report. Preliminary results of operational and long-term safety show compliance with the Bulgarian regulatory requirements. The long-term calculations carried out for the Radiana site are also a good example of how analysis of safety assessment results can be used for iterative improvements of the assessment by pointing out uncertainties and areas of future investigations to reduce such uncertainties in regard to the potential radiological impact. The computer model used to estimate the long-term evolution of the future repository at Radiana predicted a maximum total annual dose for members of the critical group, which is carried to approximately 80 % by C-14 for a specific ingestion pathway. Based on this result and the outcome of the sensitivity analysis, existing uncertainties were evaluated and areas for reasonable future investigations to reduce these uncertainties were identified. (authors)

Biurrun, E.; Haverkamp, B. [DBE TECHNOLOGY GmbH, Eschenstr. 55, D-31224 Peine (Germany)] [DBE TECHNOLOGY GmbH, Eschenstr. 55, D-31224 Peine (Germany); Lazaro, A.; Miralles, A. [Westinghouse Electric Spain SAR, Padilla 17, E-28006 Madrid (Spain)] [Westinghouse Electric Spain SAR, Padilla 17, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Stefanova, I. [SERAW, 52 A Dimitrov Blvd, 6 Fl., 1797 Sofia (Bulgaria)] [SERAW, 52 A Dimitrov Blvd, 6 Fl., 1797 Sofia (Bulgaria)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulgaria estonia latvia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Radioactive Releases Impact from Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant, Bulgaria into the Environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to present a general overview of the radioactive releases impact generated by Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP), Bulgaria to the environment and public. The liquid releases presented are known as the so called controlled water discharges, that are generated after reprocessing of the inevitable accumulated liquid radioactive waste in the plant operation process. The radionuclides containing in the liquid releases are given in the paper as a result of systematic measuring. Database for radiation doses evaluation on the public around Kozloduy NPP site is developed using IAEA LADTAP computerized program. The computer code LADTAP represents realization of a model that evaluates the public dose as a result of NPP releases under normal operation conditions. The results of this evaluation were the basic licensing document for a new liquid release limit.

Genchev, G. T.; Kuleff, I.; Tanev, N. T.; Delistoyanova, E. S.; Guentchev, T.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

42

Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and central Eurasia. Volume 3. 1992 international review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Volume III, Minerals Yearbook -- International Review contains the latest available mineral data on more than 175 foreign countries and discusses the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations. Since the 1989 International Review, the volume has been presented as six reports. The report presents the Mineral Industries of Europe and Central Eurasia. The report incorporates location maps, industry structure tables, and an outlook section previously incorporated in the authors' Minerals Perspectives Series quinquennial regional books, which are being discontinued. This section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 45 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (EC); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA); Malta; the 11 Eastern European economies in transition (Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia); and the countries of Central Eurasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan).

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. For the following Member States 116 Germany 116 Estonia 116 Ireland 116 Greece 116 Spain 116 France 116 Italy 116 Cyprus 116 Latvia

44

UNECE Timber Committee Market Discussions 8th October 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ukraine Yugoslavia Croatia Hungary Million m3 Source: JP database, UNECE/FAO #12;12 0 2 4 6 8 1990 1992.8 1 1.2 Estonia Latvia Czech Lithuania Croatia Hungary Belarus Poland Slovakia Yugoslavia Slovenia

45

newsletternewsletter EUROPEAN FUSION DEVELOPEMENT AGREEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Bulgaria and Romania hope to do so in 2007. After earlier expansions from 6 to 15 members, we are now Republic, Hungary, Latvia and Romania. All of the Associations in the new MS and candidate countries

46

he political changes in Estonia have had strong impacts on education, research and economics. Estonian ICT industry has gone through a total reorganization with a lot of SMEs born to meet new market requirements. There is a continuous need from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

partners to develop an integrated environment for supporting joint R&D and teaching. A unic educational. The prototype tools developed in EU projects are integrated in e-learning environment to support universityT he political changes in Estonia have had strong impacts on education, research and economics

Kruus, Margus

47

Perspectives on the United States Health Care System by International students from the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union and a comparison of former Soviet countries' and the United States Health Care Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Institutional Studies and Planning, 2001). The research of this thesis was limited to students of the NIS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bclarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine... 22 Q-5 In what country were you born? Q-6 1 Armenia 2 Azerbaijan 3 Belarus 4 Georgia 5 Kazakhstan 6 Kyrgyzstan 7 Latvia 8 Lithuania 9 Moldova 10 Russia 11 Tajikistan 12 Turkmenistan 13 Ukraine 14 Uzbekistan 15 Other (Please Specify...

Leuenberger, Larissa Diane

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

48

Latvia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:Keystone CleanLaton, California: Energy Resources Jump

49

COST ACTON A22: Exploring New Ways to Explore the Future www.costa22.org COST Action A22  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology and Innovation, Denmark Technology Foresight inside: ∑Energy ∑Agriculture ∑Biotechnologies/08/2003 Switzerland 14/07/2004LithuaniaFinland 06/08/2003 Sweden 11/06/2003LatviaEstonia 20/11/2003 Spain 25 and the context of sustainability will necessitate a cross- disciplinary approach in drawing experience

50

PADS FY 2010 Annual Reports FY 2010 Obligations to Facilities...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

ESTONIA (EN) 1 3,833,286 CZECH REPUBLIC (EZ) 1 -3,043 SLOVAKIA (LO) 2 2,159,192 GERMANY (GM) 2 45,724 ROMANIA (RO) 2 3,099,614 BULGARIA (BU) 2 1,141,357 AZERBAIJAN (AJ) 1...

51

EUDEEP (Smart Grid Project) (Latvia) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address:011-DNA Jump37. It is classified as ASHRAEDuvalJusticeEPS Corp JumpESVEUDEEP

52

The Cost of Improving Gas Supply Security in the Baltic States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to replace a failed compressor station on a transmission pipeline; 12 most disruptions caused by pipeline failures could be repaired in a week or less. A failure of the Latvian underground storage could potentially disrupt supply to Estonia and Latvia... it is important to note that both types of disruptions have the same practical consequences. For example in the Baltic States, an accidental pipeline explosion or compressor failure would interrupt gas supply to district heating plants, just as a voluntary...

Noel, Pierre; Findlater, Sachi; Chyong, Chi Kong

2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

53

Bulgaria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre BiomassTHISBrickyardRepower

54

Deputy Secretary of Energy Meets with President of Latvia | Department of  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office of Audit Services AuditTransatlantic Relations & the AtlanticEnergy Deputy

55

ON OIL SHALE MINING IN THE ESTONIA DEPOSIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

age) cut the Estonian oil shale-kukersite deposits. Two younger groups of structures are typical fault

K. Sokman; V. Kattai; R. Vaher; Y. J. Systra

56

WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania,I Data not reported Kazakhstan None Kyrgyzstan LatviaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania

WHO World Health Organization

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ireland Israel Italy ó V Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan LatviaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia LithuaniaIreland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania

WHO

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

australia austria bulgaria: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the receiver. Since network elements along the path also modify the TTL, the capacity and stealth in the future due to new high-speed network technologies. Covert channels can be...

59

animal brucellosis bulgaria: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

major contribution of this paper is that for the first time, it is possible for computer graphics animators, to specify and control a three dimensional fluid animation, without...

60

Sedimentological evolution of the Emine and Kamchia basins, eastern Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mountain belts are inherently asymmetric, defined by the sense of plate subduction. The resultant orogen can be divided into peripheral and retro-arc wedges with the retro-wedge overlying the overthrust plate. Modelling ...

Suttill, Hannah L.

2009-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulgaria estonia latvia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

BCI 2007, Sofia, Bulgaria Daniela Angelova-Gancheva 363  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Minerva- project "Innovative Didactics via Web-based Learning" (further abbreviated as IDWBL) so. Such is the methodology of the Minerva-project "Innovative Didactics via Web-based Learning" (further abbreviated as IDWBL). Some of its characteristics are: · ICT and also the web can be used in various didactical approaches

Boyer, Edmond

62

Bulgaria-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBoston Areais a villageBucyrus, NorthBuhler, Kansas:> Posts

63

Office Director, Department of Energy, Sophia, Bulgaria | National Nuclear  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006 The 2002 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules (base rates) Developed

64

Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 13, 14 April 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1968 with Bulgaria 20 April, 1968 with Romania 29 April, 1968 with Algeria 15 April. 1971 with Ethiopia 8 April, 1972 with Bangladesh 18 April, 1975 with Cambodia 14 April, 1984 with Tunisia 28 April, 1987 with Venezuela 20 April, 1992 with Estonia... to participate in making history during the 1990ís movement, but there are no excuses now. You are educated, you have access to resources that others might now. Why not say ďI think democracy is the right path and not autocracy or violenceĒ publicly...

Shrestha, Kashish Das

65

Winter 2011/2012 The European Funding Guide for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

........................................................10 Bosnia&Herzegovina.............................14 Bulgaria

Ejiri, Shinji

66

Gender Equity and Fertility in European Below-Replacement Fertility Countries: Poland and Estonia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Much of the recent scholarly attention has been devoted to the low fertility situation experienced by a growing number of developed countries. In this context, the theoretical framework explicitly incorporating the issues of gender in explanations...

Iwinska-Nowak, Anna Malgorzata

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

67

Regional Energy Centres (REC) SIDA DemoEast programme in Estonia. Supply, delivery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lighting Legal initiatives (municipal regulations, directives, etc) Local and regional authorities CHP. From this boiler house the heat is supplied to the one residential building too. In the Kunderi str

68

The impact of oil shale mine water on hydrological pathways and regime in northeast Estonia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Maavarade kaevandamisega műjutatakse tugevasti looduskeskkonda, eelkűige hŁdroloogilist reěiimi, aga ka maastikku tervikuna. Lšbi aastate on pűlevkivi kaevandamise aktiivsus Purtse valglal olnud erinev, kuna kűrvuti uuteÖ (more)

Vaht, Riina

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

E-Print Network 3.0 - area north-eastern estonia Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Laboratory Collection: Multidisciplinary Databases and Resources 95 European Bioenergy Markets: Integration and Price Convergence Summary: integration in the Baltic...

70

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft lift estonia Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of topics of interest to the Summary: will be served. May 6th, 2010 Edgar Cuji "Aerodynamic Analysis and Aircraft Dynamics of Two Linked UAVs Flying... its range and...

71

Reference Group Perspective on State Behaviour: A Case Study of Estonia's Counterterrorism Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-related decisions (Agyeman-Duah & Olatunde 1991; Price 1971; Rivera 2004). It is suggested that the similarity of human social behaviour at different levels of aggregation opens up a possibility for inferring state conduct from individualsí actions. Since... of the reference group (Majone 1991; Weil 1993); the tangible and intangible benefits of being a part of the reference groups, such as exclusive rights and privileges (Agyeman-Duah & Olatunde 1991, p. 299); geographical proximity (Mooney 2001); and acceptance...

Omelicheva, Mariya Y.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

SIDA DemoEast programme in Estonia. Supply, delivery and installation of wood pellet burning equipment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kW. The second light oil fuelled boiler will be in reserve. The total delivery programme has and Kiltsi light oil fired boilers have been converted to wood pellets burning. The supplier oil fuelling) and 26NOVA (with the capacity 700 kW with light oil fuelling). The boilers are fuelled

73

E-Print Network 3.0 - anu sepp estonia Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sciences 5 Mycorrhizal Species Dominate the Soil-Fungal Community in Estonian Oil Shale-Ash Hills Charles Cowden, Sam Willis, and Richard Shefferson Summary: and Sepp...

74

ELECTRONICS' 2008 24 26 September, Sozopol, BULGARIA RESPONSE TIME OF SHALLOW JUNCTION SILICON PHOTODIODES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHOTODIODES Lei Shi1 , Sha Xia1 , Francesco Sarubbi1 , Rik Naulaerts2 , Stoyan Nihtianov1,2 , Lis Nanver1 1, shape and location of the illuminated part of a shallow-junction photodiode, and its series resistance for which the photo-generated charge will be removed from the photodiode) with the illuminated spot size

Technische Universiteit Delft

75

E-Print Network 3.0 - austria bulgaria canada Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Benin Bolivia Brazil Britain... Venezuela Vietnam West Germany Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe Old Canada Old Spain ... Source: Bordenstein, Seth -...

76

Studies of leukemia and thyroid disease among Chernobyl clean-up workers from the Baltics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following the reactor accident at Chernobyl in late April of 1986, hundreds of thousands of men from throughout the former Soviet Union were sent to Chernobyl to entomb the damaged reactor, remove radioactive debris, and help decontaminate the local environment. They remained for an average of three months and were allowed to accumulate up to 25 cGy of radiation before being sent home. Doses for some workers may have exceeded the allowable limit. The experience of Chernobyl clean-up workers is potentially informative about cancer risk associated with protracted exposure to low levels of radiation. Cohorts of clean-up workers from the Baltic Republics were assembled for study, based on military records and other lists. The study population includes 4,833 men from Estonia 5,709 from Latvia and at least 5,446 from Lithuania, where a pilot study is underway. They are being monitored for cancer incidence through linkages with the corresponding national cancer registries. Biodosimetric assays, including fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for chromosome translocation analysis and the glycophorin A (GPA) somatic cell mutation assay, are being used to supplement information about radiation doses from worker records and questionnaires. Thyroid screening examinations, including palpation, ultrasound and, selectively, fine-needle aspiration biopsies were performed on nearly 2,000 workers in the Estonian cohort (mean age, 40 y) during the spring of 1995, nine years after the reactor accident. The study is still in progress. Work began first in Estonia, and results presented here pertain to this subgroup except as otherwise noted. The average age at the time of arrival at Chernobyl was 31 years. 62% were sent in 1986. Possible reasons for the apparent absence or rarity of radiation-induced thyroid nodules include low and protracted doses, low susceptibility among men exposed as adults, and insufficient passage of time since the accident.

Inskip, P.D. [National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD (United States); Tekkel, M.; Rahu, M. [Institute of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Tallinn (Estonia)] [and others

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Successful biomass (wood pellets ) implementation in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Successful biomass (wood pellets ) implementation in Estonia Biomass Utilisation of Local of primary energy in Estonia ! Wood fuels production ! Pellet firing projects in Estonia ­ SIDA Demo East Production of wood fuels in Estonia in 2002 Regional Energy Centres in Estonia Wood pellets production

78

The current state of the Russian reduced enrichment research reactors program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the last year after the 16-th International Conference on Reducing Fuel Enrichment in Research Reactors held in October, 1993 in Oarai, Japan, the conclusive stage of the Program on reducing fuel enrichment (to 20% in U-235) in research reactors was finally made up in Russia. The Program was started late in 70th and the first stage of the Program was completed by 1986 which allowed to reduce fuel enrichment from 80-90% to 36%. The completion of the Program current stage, which is counted for 5-6 years, will exclude the use of the fuel enriched by more than 20% from RF to other countries such as: Poland, Czeck Republick, Hungary, Roumania, Bulgaria, Libya, Viet-Nam, North Korea, Egypt, Latvia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. In 1994 the Program, approved by RF Minatom authorities, has received the status of an inter-branch program since it was admitted by the RF Ministry for Science and Technical Policy. The Head of RF Minatom central administrative division N.I.Ermakov was nominated as the Head of the Russian Program, V.G.Aden, RDIPE Deputy Director, was nominated as the scientific leader. The Program was submitted to the Commission for Scientific, Technical and Economical Cooperation between USA and Russia headed by Vice-President A. Gore and Prime Minister V. Chemomyrdin and was given support also.

Aden, V.G.; Kartashov, E.F.; Lukichev, V.A. [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Global threat reduction initiative Russian nuclear material removal progress  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In December 1999 representatives from the United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started discussing a program to return to Russia Soviet- or Russian-supplied highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel stored at the Russian-designed research reactors outside Russia. Trilateral discussions among the United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have identified more than 20 research reactors in 17 countries that have Soviet- or Russian-supplied HEU fuel. The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program is an important aspect of the U.S. Government's commitment to cooperate with the other nations to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-usable proliferation-attractive nuclear materials. To date, 496 kilograms of Russian-origin HEU have been shipped to Russia from Serbia, Latvia, Libya, Uzbekistan, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. The pilot spent fuel shipment from Uzbekistan to Russia was completed in April 2006. (author)

Cummins, Kelly [DOE/NNSA (United States); Bolshinsky, Igor [INL/NNSA (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

80

Southeast Europe i* Forum (SEEiF) Ensuring economic growth in a turbulent age. Cooperation vs. competition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bozhilov, Executive Director, United Energy Traders, Bulgaria Mityu Hristozov, Electricity System Operator, Deputy minister of economy, energy and tourism, Bulgaria Nikolai Nankov, Deputy Minister of Regional Development and Public Works, Bulgaria Valeri Borissov, Deputy Minister of Transport, Information Technologies

Mustakerov, Ivan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulgaria estonia latvia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

arsenate cca wood: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in Renewable Energy Websites Summary: of primary energy in Estonia Wood fuels production Pellet firing projects in Estonia - SIDA Demo East firing projects in...

82

XI-th International Workshop on Optimization and Inverse Problems in Electromagnetism September 14 18, 2010, Sofia, Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grenoble Cedex 1 France Abstract. Multi-sources building is a complex system composed of different types of electrical sources, solar panels, batteries...etc. To optimally anticipate the energy management a lot...etc. Furthermore anticipation may have different equivalent strategies as consequence of problem formulation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

83

XI-th International Workshop on Optimization and Inverse Problems in Electromagnetism September 14 18, 2010, Sofia, Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VIRTUAL POWER PLANT Guillaume FOGGIA, Beno√ģt DELINCHANT, Nouredine HADJSAID and Fr√©d√©ric WURTZ Grenoble or to gain global productivity. Aggregating a set of small producers into a commercial Virtual Power Plant state aggregation, stochastic programming, Virtual Power Plant. NOMENCLATURE CDF: Cumulative

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

84

XI-th International Workshop on Optimization and Inverse Problems in Electromagnetism September 14 18, 2010, Sofia, Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TO AN ELECTRICAL POWER CHANNEL OF AN AIRCRAFT H. NGUYEN-HUUį, N. RETIEREį, F. WURTZį, B. SARENI*, X. ROBOAM*, J associated with the system components are not clearly defined or well known. In this paper, the authors: Auto-Transformer-Rectifier-Unit, System Design, Multiobjective Optimization, Pareto Analysis I

Paris-Sud XI, Universitť de

85

The power of the family  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regressions on family ties Croatia Algeria Finland SwedenCzech Republic Bulgaria Croatia Algeria Saudi Arabia CzechSweden Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Germany Netherlands Denmark

Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

RECENT ADVANCES in HEAT and MASS TRANSFER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bashir Suleiman ,UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Dagmar Janacova, CZECH REPUBLIC Jonas Gylys, LITHUANIA Jurij Krope Ali Elghalban, PAKISTAN Andrejs Reinfelds, LATVIA Andris Buikis, LATVIA Asad Salem, UNITED STATES, UNITED STATES Milivoje Kostic, UNITED STATES Mohammadmasoud Azhdari moghaddam, IRAN Nenad Kazic

Kostic, Milivoje M.

87

by Hugh Casey Independent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Russian Federation Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Turkmenistan Azerbaijan Georgia Black Sea Ukraine Belarus Estonia

88

International Enrollment: Fall 2010 and South Middle North  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Vietnam. Europe Other: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria

89

R. Pavlov and P. Stanchev (Eds): Proceedings of International Conference on Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage, 18-21 September 2012, V. Tarnovo, Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. Pavlov and P. Stanchev (Eds): Proceedings of International Conference on Digital Presentation institutional OA policies, and in making repositories and OA journals compliant with OpenAIRE's requirements and browse) to scien- tific publications and other value-added functionalities (post authoring tools

Stanchev, Peter

90

Proceedings of the Eighth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation, pages 232239, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 8-9, 2013 c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Munich ­ (schmid|fraser)@cis.uni-muenchen.de 3 University of Edinburgh ­ dnadir@inf.ed.ac.uk 4 Qatar. For our ex- periments, we use standard phrase-based Moses systems and operation sequence models (OSM). 1-based Moses system (DE-EN, EN-DE, EN-FR and FR-EN) or with an operation sequence model (RU-EN, DE- EN), cf

Reyle, Uwe

91

June 6, 2007 Large-Scale Scientific Computations'07, Sozopol, Bulgaria -p. 1/29 Multiscale Modeling and Simulation of Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in porous media (soil, porous rocks, etc.) x Elasticity problems in composite materials (adobe, concrete/29 Presentation outline s Brief overview of upscaling methods in deformable porous media s The Fluid upscaling of flow in deformable porous media #12;June 6, 2007 Large-Scale Scientific Computations'07

Popov, Peter

92

Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), Short Papers, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 2013, pp. 816821.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forum is a relatively new problem. We seek to improve Anand et al.'s (2011) approach to debate stance for a two­sided topic discussed in an online debate forum (e.g., ``Should abortion be banned?''), determine in Fig­ ure 1, where the author is for abortion. Second, while customer reviews are typically written

Ng, Vincent

93

Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), Short Papers, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 2013, pp. 816--821.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forum is a relatively new problem. We seek to improve Anand et al.'s (2011) approach to debate stance-sided topic discussed in an online debate forum (e.g., "Should abortion be banned?"), determine which in Fig- ure 1, where the author is for abortion. Second, while customer reviews are typically written

Ng, Vincent

94

Global Invariants for Analyzing Multithreaded Applications Helmut Seidl #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Germany Varmo Vene + Tartu University, Estonia Markus Mň?uller¬≠Olm # FernUniversitň?at Hagen, Germany

M√ľller-Olm, Markus

95

United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Raimonds Vejonis signed the agreement, which will provide for repatriation to Russia of SovietRussian-origin nuclear fuel from Latvia's shutdown research reactors at...

96

The power of the family  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Republic Latvia Belgium Uruguay Netherlands Australia CanadaAustria Canada Ireland Uruguay Portugal Singapore HungaryMexico Pakistan France Uruguay Ukraine Spain Italy Poland

Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

E-Print Network 3.0 - austria telekanal hakkab Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Turkey Czech Republic Romania Romania Riga Latvia Luxembourg Luxembourg... Potsdam Germany Austria Hungary Poland Russia Austria Czech ... Source: Applied Algebra Group at Linz...

98

E-Print Network 3.0 - austria 25th june-7th Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Turkey Czech Republic Romania Romania Riga Latvia Luxembourg Luxembourg... Potsdam Germany Austria Hungary Poland Russia Austria Czech ... Source: Applied Algebra Group at Linz...

99

E-Print Network 3.0 - austria Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Turkey Czech Republic Romania Romania Riga Latvia Luxembourg Luxembourg... Potsdam Germany Austria Hungary Poland Russia Austria Czech ... Source: Applied Algebra Group at Linz...

100

Legislating for smoke-free workplaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1991), Ireland (1995), Kazakhstan (1996), Latvia (1994),1994), Italy (1985), Kazakhstan (1996), Kyrgyzstan (1992),applicable X C139 C148 Kazakhstan Not applicable C148 C155

World Health Organization

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulgaria estonia latvia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Croatia Jordan Denmark Kazakhstan Dominican Republic EgyptJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Latvia Lebanon MauritiusEgypt India Jordan Kazakhstan Pakistan Russia Tunisia

Castro, Pedro

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

http://onlinex.mit.edu/bigdata Registrations by Country  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cyprus Kazakstan Portugal Ukraine Czech Republic Kenya Puerto Rico United Arab Emirates Denmark Kuwait Qatar United Kingdom Ecuador Latvia Republic of Korea United States Vietnam #12;http

Jackson, Daniel

103

E-Print Network 3.0 - aivars aboltins aigars Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

District Riga, Latvia Source: Massachusetts at Amherst, University of - Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Energy Efficiency Program Collection:...

104

Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ireland Philippines India Croatia France Argentina Luxemb.S. Korea Domin. R. Jordan Croatia Latvia Morocco BrazilSlovenia Uruguay Mexico Croatia Brazil Domin. R. Cyprus

Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Nordisk kernesikkerhedsforskning Norrnar kjarnryggisrannsknir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as reprocessed enriched uranium and weapons grade plutonium provided different challenges and there were. Latvian Environment, Geology and Meteorology Centre, Latvia. jberzins at la

106

SCOPE: University of Minnesota system-wide. Disbursed throughout many buildings on the East Bank, West Bank and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Egypt · Estonia · Fiji · Finland · France · Germany · Kenya · Malaysia · Malta · Mexico · Morocco · epublic · Denmark · Dominican Republic · Ecuador · Egypt · Estonia · Fiji · Finland · France · Germany Republic · Denmark · Dominican Republic · Ecuador · Egypt · Estonia · Fiji · Finland · France · Germany

Amin, S. Massoud

107

Carnets de Gologie / Notebooks on Geology -Article 2005/03 (CG2005_A03) The distribution of worm borings in brachiopod shells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

borings in brachiopod shells from the Caradoc Oil Shale of Estonia. Olev VINN 1 Abstract: Abundant worm (Caradoc) oil shale in North Estonia. 9 of 21 brachiopod genera (43 %) have been bored. Excluding the size. Key Words: Ordovician; Estonia; oil shale; Brachiopoda; Trypanites; palaeoecology Citation: VINN O

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

108

OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SWEDEN FINLAND POLAND GERMANY LITH.RUS. BULGARIA CZ.REP. SLO. SLOV. AUS. BOS. & GEORGIA ROMANIA UKRAINE

109

S86 JUNE 2006| above-average precipitation totals for the year, caus-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, but below average for June in Bulgaria. Rainfall totals in April and June

110

A Propositional Approach to Textual Case Indexing Nirmalie Wiratunga  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Science Sofia - 1113, Bulgaria ikoychev@math.bas.bg Appears in Proceedings of the 9th European Conference

Koychev, Ivan

111

Fusion Electricity A roadmap to the realisation of fusion energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion Electricity A roadmap to the realisation of fusion energy #12;28 European countries signed association EURaToM ≠ University of latvia LATVIA lithuanian Energy Institute LITHUANIA Ministry of Education and Research ROMANIA Ministry of Education, science, culture and sport SLOVENIA centro de Investigaciones

112

Romania: Brand-New Engineering Solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The HEU spent nuclear fuel transport from Romania was a pilot project in the framework of the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), being the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel shipment by air. The successful implementation of the Romanian shipment also brought various new technology in the program, further used by other participating countries. Until 2009, the RRRFR program repatriated to the Russian Federation HEU spent nuclear fuel of Russian origin from many countries, like Uzbekistan, Czech Republic, Latvia, Hungary, Kazakhstan and Bulgaria. The means of transport used were various; from specialized TK-5 train for the carriage of Russian TUK-19 transport casks, to platform trains for 20 ft freight ISO containers carrying Czech Skoda VPVR/M casks; from river barge on the Danube, to vessel on the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Initially, in 2005, the transport plan of the HEU spent nuclear fuel from the National Institute for R&D in Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering 'Horia Hulubei' in Magurele, Romania considered a similar scheme, using the specialized TK-5 train transiting Ukraine to the destination point in the Russian Federation, or, as an alternative, using the means and route of the spent nuclear fuel periodically shipped from the Bulgarian nuclear power plant Kosloduy (by barge on the Danube, and by train through Ukraine to the Russian Federation). Due to impossibility to reach an agreement in due time with the transit country, in February 2007 the US, Russian and Romanian project partners decided to adopt the air shipment of the spent nuclear fuel as prime option, eliminating the need for agreements with any transit countries. By this time the spent nuclear fuel inspections were completed, proving the compliance of the burn-up parameters with the international requirements for air shipments of radioactive materials. The short air route avoiding overflying of any other countries except the country of origin and the country of destination also contributed to the decision making in this issue. The efficient project management and cooperation between the three countries (Russia, Romania and USA) made possible, after two and a half years of preparation work, for the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel air shipment to take place on 29th of June 2009, from Romanian airport 'Henri Coanda' to the Russian airport 'Koltsovo' near Yekaterinburg. One day before that, after a record period of 3 weeks of preparation, another HEU cargo was shipped by air from Romanian Institute for Nuclear Research in Pitesti to Russia, containing fresh pellets and therefore making Romania the third HEU-free country in the RRRFR program.

Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Nicolae Zamfir; Madalina Budu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Austria Denmark Portugal Uruguay Iceland Spain SlovakiaCyprus Italy Estonia Malta Uruguay Taiwan Hungary Greece S.Slovakia Argentina Slovenia Uruguay Mexico Croatia Brazil

Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

E-Print Network 3.0 - anne kleesment margus Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: anne kleesment margus Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 he political changes in Estonia have had strong impacts on education, research and economics....

115

E-Print Network 3.0 - ain kallis viivi Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Germany Ain Kull, University... Ruosteenoja, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland Viivi Russak, Tartu Observatory, Estonia Ralf Source: von Storch, Hans - Institute...

116

DEVELOPING SAFETY CULTURE IN NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES Practical Suggestions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

REPUBLIC ECUADOR EGYPT EL SALVADOR ESTONIA ETHIOPIA FINLAND FRANCE GABON GEORGIA GERMANY GHANA GREECE GUATEMALA HAITI HOLY SEE HUNGARY ICELAND INDIA INDONESIA IRAN, ISLAMIC...

117

avati rakvere kesklinna: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

First Page Previous Page 1 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Successful biomass (wood pellets ) implementation in Renewable Energy Websites Summary: of primary energy in Estonia ...

118

E-Print Network 3.0 - asko uri jaak Sample Search Results  

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Asko-Seljvaara, Member of the Finnish Parliament, Finland Lennart... Centre Geesthacht, Germany Jaak Jaagus, University of Tartu, Estonia Anna-Maria Jnsson, Lund...

119

E-Print Network 3.0 - arak-lukmann jaak maaroos Sample Search...  

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Mathematics 33 The Conference is jointly organized by Assessment of Summary: Centre Geesthacht, Germany Jaak Jaagus, University of Tartu, Estonia Anna-Maria Jnsson, Lund...

120

E-Print Network 3.0 - ain kull jaak Sample Search Results  

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Institute for Climate Impact Research, Germany Ain Kull, University... Centre Geesthacht, Germany Jaak Jaagus, University of Tartu, Estonia Anna-Maria Jnsson, Lund...

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121

E-Print Network 3.0 - anna velts annika Sample Search Results  

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of German delegation to HELCOM, Germany Annika Sderpalm, Journalist... Centre Geesthacht, Germany Jaak Jaagus, University of Tartu, Estonia Anna-Maria Jnsson, Lund...

122

INSAG-15 Key Practical Issues  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CZECH REPUBLIC DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO DENMARK DOMINICAN REPUBLIC ECUADOR EGYPT EL SALVADOR ESTONIA ETHIOPIA FINLAND FRANCE GABON GEORGIA GERMANY GHANA GREECE...

123

U.S. Energy Secretary Highlights Need for Energy Diversity at...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

growth. In signing the GNEP Principles, Italy today joins China, France, Japan, Russia and the United States, who are original GNEP partners, as well as Australia, Bulgaria,...

124

E-Print Network 3.0 - antigua and barbuda Sample Search Results  

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MACEDONIA FRENCH GUIANA BELARUS BAHAMAS PORTUGAL FRANCE (INCL... -HERZEGOVINIA SURINAME HONG KONG ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN SWEDEN BULGARIA ... Source: Schwartz, Stephen E. -...

125

E-Print Network 3.0 - affective word representations Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 416420 Classification of Emotion Words in Russian and Romanian Languages Summary: representations provided better results for English affective...

126

SELECT INTERNATIONAL INTERNSHIPS 2003-2007 GRADUATE CAREER SERVICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan Almaty, Kazakhstan Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ecuadorian Institute, Bulgaria United Nations Development Fund for Women Almaty, Kazakhstan UN Economic & Social Commission

Shyy, Wei

127

The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, Dem. Rep.New Zealand Iceland Kazakhstan Korea, Dem. Rep. BulgariaChina Croatia Grenada Jamaica Kazakhstan Korea, Rep. Lebanon

Kolp, Felicity Ann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Cultivation, Capital, and Contamination: Urban Agriculture in Oakland, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vegetables nearby a former smelter site in Mortagne du Nord,related to atmospheric smelter emissions across Humberside,the vicinity of the iron smelter of Kremikovtzi (Bulgaria)

McClintock, Nathan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Berea College Geographical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Armenia 0 1 1Azerbaijan 0 1 1Bangladesh 0 1 1Bhutan 0 1 1Bosnia & Hercegovina 0 2 2Brazil 1 4 5Bulgaria 0

Baltisberger, Jay H.

130

Last updated 7 July 2011 LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AT LIBER 40Th ANNUAL CONFERENCE IN BARCELONA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Erfgoedbibliotheek #12;Last updated 7 July 2011 BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Name Institution/Company Ismet Ovcina National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina BULGARIA Name Institution

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

131

altitude pinus hartwegii: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

at the Bulgarian subalpine forests - Macedonian pine (Pinus peuce University of Forestry (Bulgaria) 9 Emission altitude in radio pulsars Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: This...

132

azul pinus maximartinezii: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

at the Bulgarian subalpine forests - Macedonian pine (Pinus peuce University of Forestry (Bulgaria) 8 Floristic Features of Pinus pinea CiteSeer Summary: Pinus pinea (Stone...

133

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic polycarboxylic acids Sample Search...  

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Databases and Resources ; Environmental Sciences and Ecology ; Geosciences 3 Preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes, Bulgaria Summary: polycarboxylic acids...

134

Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Armenia; Australia; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belgium; Bolivia; Brazil; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso African convention on the conservation of nature and natural resources March 25, 1957 General Belgium

Wolf, Aaron

135

A r c t i c Barents Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ri Vychegda R U S S I AC A N A D A U.K.IRE. ICELAND NORWAY SWEDEN FINLAND LATVIA LITH. BELARUS UKRAINE POLAND DENMARK GERMANY EST. KAZ. JAPAN (DENMARK) Greenland (NORWAY) Svalbard (NORWAY) (NORWAY) CHINA UNITED

Martin, Jeff

136

Cross-National Differences in Attitudes towards Homosexuality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

20 th , Slovenia 21 st , Croatia 23 rd , Latvia 27 th ,In 11 countries (Chile, Croatia, Czech Republic, Mexico,Wrong at all Donít Know Croatia Always Wrong Almost Always

Smith, Tom W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

The Models of Estimating Oil Shale Flows and Price  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fast economical growth of Estonia in past years has set us several questions on sustainability of oil shale mining in Estonia. For how long do the oil shale resources last? What are the mining expenditures in the areas of different mining conditions and how do they change in future? Thus, in

Tauno Tammeoja; Aire Všstrik

138

Human Biology, December 2013, v. 85, no. 6, pp. 859xx. Copyright 2014 Wayne State University Press, Detroit, Michigan 48201-1309  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Human Biology, December 2013, v. 85, no. 6, pp. 859­xx. Copyright © 2014 Wayne State University Biology Group, Tartu, Estonia. 3 Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia. 4 Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA. 5 Blavatnik School

Rosenberg, Noah

139

Meeting Report. Assessing Human Germ-Cell Mutagenesis in the Post-Genome Era: A Celebration of the Legacy of William Lawson (Bill) Russell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and 20 years after Chernobyl. Boice JD Jr, Tawn EJ, Winther2006. Cancer risk among Chernobyl cleanup workers in EstoniaDNA Germ-Cell Mutagenesis in Chernobyl, Japanese, and Animal

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

E-Print Network 3.0 - anne pajua margus Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: anne pajua margus Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 he political changes in Estonia have had strong impacts on education, research and economics....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulgaria estonia latvia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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141

Edinburgh Research Explorer Towards a global participatory platform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, University of the Aegean, Karlovasi, Samos 83200, Greece 8 Serious Games Institute, Coventry Innovation Labs, Skype, Akadeemia tee 15b, Tallinn 12618, Estonia 14 Fraunhofer-Institut f¨ur Graphische

Millar, Andrew J.

142

aortic arch pathology: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to participate, and in 2000 the first SNS-meeting for forest pathologists was held in a Baltic country, Estonia. The present meeting was organized by Halvor Solheim with help...

143

acinar cells pathologic: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to participate, and in 2000 the first SNS-meeting for forest pathologists was held in a Baltic country, Estonia. The present meeting was organized by Halvor Solheim with help...

144

alzheimer-like amyloid pathology: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to participate, and in 2000 the first SNS-meeting for forest pathologists was held in a Baltic country, Estonia. The present meeting was organized by Halvor Solheim with help...

145

aortic arch pathologies: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to participate, and in 2000 the first SNS-meeting for forest pathologists was held in a Baltic country, Estonia. The present meeting was organized by Halvor Solheim with help...

146

Observational study on variability between biobanks in the estimation of DNA concentration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK, 10Estonian Genome Project, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia, 11Karolinska Institutet BioBank, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, 12National Public Health Institute, Biomedicum Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland and 13...

Brown, Jay; Donev, Alexander N; Aslanidis, Charalampos; Bracegirdle, Pippa; Dixon, Katherine P; Foedinger, Manuela; Gwilliam, Rhian; Hardy, Matthew; Illig, Thomas; Ke, Xiayi; Krinka, Dagni; Lagerberg, Camilla; Laiho, Paivi; Lewis, David H; McArdle, Wendy; Jones, Richard W; Patton, Simon; Ring, Susan M; Schmitz, Gerd; Stevens, Helen; Tybring, Gunnel; Wichmann, H Erich; Ollier, William E R; Yuille, Martin A

2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

147

Increasing Electricity Trading and Environmental Sustainability in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Montenegro · Albania · Kosovo GPRI MMAK Electrification Project 3 Phase 0: Goal · Goal: Produce a prototype 29.5-37.6Billi on Scope: Albania, B&H, Bulgaria, Croatia, UNMIK, FYRM, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia

Ginzel, Matthew

148

Fact sheet EU poll illegal timber trade Illegal logging and related timber trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(98%), Bulgaria (96%), France (95%), Italy (97%), Poland (84%) and Spain (96%) share this opinion to people in other Member States, the people of Portugal, Italy and Spain are more in favour of ensuring

149

2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taipei, Belgium, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Philippines, Vietnam 1 23 Algeria, Azerbaijan, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Uzbekistan 1 43

Auckland, University of

150

Trade Liberalization in South East Europe: Review of conformity of 23 FTAs with the MoU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Bosnia Herzegovina) and therefore it includes 23 FTAs. But it will focus mainly on the agreements signed, and for their very useful comments on a first draft. 1 Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

151

NUCLEAR INFORMATION AND RESOURCE SERVICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green Policy Institute, Sofia, Bulgaria Ekograd Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia Arkzin d.o.o., Zagreb, Croatia Eko Kvarner, Njivice, Croatia CEE Bankwatch Network, Praha, Czech Republic South Bohemian Mothers

Laughlin, Robert B.

152

Consolidation of Democracy in Postcommunist Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bulgaria (1990-2002), Croatia (1992- 2002), Czech Republic (in 2001, while Romania and Croatia have yet to do so. Togovernment. In cases of Croatia during Tudjmanís presidency

Bandelj, Nina; Radu, Bogdan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

S79JUNE 2006STATE OFTHE CLIMATE IN 2005 | FIG. 6.28. European average temperature anomalies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

¬≠90 average. Romania and Bulgaria received significant rainfall excesses during the year, with August totals above average in Romania (Fig. 6.29). A warm January, with areas of eastern Ukraine more than 5¬įC above

154

IIE Transactions (2007) 39, 314 Copyright C "IIE"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supports the Second Line of Defense (SLD) program of the US Department of Energy. The smuggling of nuclear Republic, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Kyrgyzstan, Georgia, Greece and France, and in the major- ity of the cases

Morton, David

155

Microsoft PowerPoint - 1-D-3-Replacement-Maldonado-CTE Reliability...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

as of 30 September 2010, all segments combined UK Wind 227 MW Belgium Offshore Germany Wind 3 MW France Wind - Solar Hydro United States Wind 227 MW Offshore 30 MW 3 MW Bulgaria...

156

www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

goals. At Princeton, we are committed to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy Belgium Bolivia Brazil Bulgaria Canada Chile China Czech Republic El Salvador France Georgia Germany Ghana

Bou-Zeid, Elie

157

A Report on Surgery 101: The first 100,000 downloads What is Surgery 101?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Republic of 21 Eritrea 3 United Arab Emirates 460 France 123 Latvia 21 Zambia 3 Singapore 432 Turkey 116 Region Downloads % United States 39,870 39 Canada 17,854 18 United Kingdom 12,058 12 Asia 8,255 8 Europe #12;Worldwide download data in detail Country # Country # Country # Country # United States 39

MacMillan, Andrew

158

Job 4459300 Ref.No. Prepd. CHP/GEA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Auditing of Buildings and Inspection of Boilers and Air- conditioning Systems Final report Institutional in large buildings 5 2.2 Article 8, Inspection of boilers 6 2.3 Article 9, Inspection of air-conditioning, responsibility for buildings, boilers and air-con systems in Latvia is divided as illustrated below

159

Energy saving policy and emission decreasing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,9648,2787,4016,6985,9Electricity consumption E (TWh)3 13,8510,858,1085,7814,32GDP (bill. LVL)2 56765GDP grows (% per year)1Energy saving policy and emission decreasing Latvian experienceLatvian experience Dr. A. Davis, M of fuelNr. Table1. Primary energy consumption in Latvia #12;Introduction Table 2. Formation of pollutants

160

The European tobacco control report 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Netherlands Republic of Moldova The European tobacco control report 2007 pagepage 9 Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, the Republic of Moldova, Netherlands,Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Republic of Moldova Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovakia Slovenia The European tobacco control report 2007 page

World Health Organization

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulgaria estonia latvia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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161

Copyright 2009. The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LATVIA POLAND RUSSIA UKRAINE GRUMPv1 Copyright 2009. The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York. Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University, Columbia University. Available at:http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw/ ¬ī 0 75 150 Km Lambert Azimuthal

Columbia University

162

Danish Energy Authority Final Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Danish Energy Authority Final Report Implementation of the EU directive on the energy performance of buildings: Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy auditing of buildings and inspection of boilers Final Report Implementation of the EPB directive in Latvia: Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy

163

Collaborative development of Estonian nuclear master's program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2009 Estonia approved the National Development Plan for the Energy Sector, including the nuclear energy option. This can be realized by construction of a nuclear power plant (NPP) in Estonia or by participation in neighboring nuclear projects (e.g., Lithuania and/or Finland). Either option requires the availability of competent personnel. It is necessary to prepare specialists with expertise in all aspects related to nuclear infrastructure and to meet workforce needs (e.g. energy enterprises, public agencies, municipalities). Estonia's leading institutions of higher education and research with the support of the European Social Fund have announced in this context a new nuclear master's curriculum to be developed. The language of instruction will be English. (authors)

Tkaczyk, A. H.; Kikas, A.; Realo, E.; Kirm, M.; Kiisk, M.; Isakar, K.; Suursoo, S.; Koch, R.; Feldbach, E.; Lushchik, A.; Reivelt, K. [Inst. of Physics, Univ. of Tartu, Riia 142, Tartu 51014 (Estonia)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Type-Based Termination, Inflationary Fixed-Points, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Type-Based Termination, Inflationary Fixed-Points, and Mixed Inductive-Coinductive Types Andreas Science (FICS 2012) ETAPS 2012, Tallinn, Estonia 24 March 2012 Andreas Abel (LMU) Type-Based Termination AIM XV 1 / 1 #12;Introduction Aspects of Termination What the talk is about: foundational approach

Abel, Andreas

165

Teilnehmer "International Fair" im Rahmen der International Week 2012 Land Hochschule  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Universidad Nacional de Colombia Estonia Estonian University of Life Sciences Finland Aalto University Helsinki Finland Finland Aalto University School of Engineering Finland University of Eastern Finland Finland University of Helsinki France ENSEA France Ecole Centrale de Lille France Ecole Centrale de Lyon

Kemper, Gregor

166

UNCG Partner Universities Country Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography Armenia 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Tartu Estonia 1999 Theatre Academy of Finland (Helsinki) Finland 2001 University of Jyväskylä (Finland Consortium-UNC-EP) Finland 1999 University of Kuopio (Finland Consortium-UNC-EP) Finland 1999 University of Oulu Finland 1993 University of Oulu (Finland Consortium-UNC-EP) Finland 1999 University of Tamperre

Saidak, Filip

167

Education Spending: Impacts on Human Capital Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

87% 12% 0% 19% 9 Estonia 98% 0% 2% N/A 10 Finland 93% 7% 0% 5% 11 France 79% 21% 1% 22% 12 Germany 93% 7% 0% 12% 13 Hungary 89% 11% 0% 0% 14 Iceland 96% 4% 0% 0% 15 Ireland 99% 0% 1% N/A 16 Israel 100% 0% 0% 18% 17 Italy 94% 0% 5% 0% 18...

Struminger, Rhonda

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

168

PADS FY 2010 Annual Reports  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

(DJ) 1 5,914,573 ESTONIA (EN) 1 3,833,286 FRANCE (FR) 6 1,582,649 GABON (GB) 1 950,000 GERMANY (GM) 2 45,724 HUNGARY (HU) 1 -282,350 ISRAEL (IS) 2 3,294,816 JORDAN (JO) 1...

169

Name School City Country 1 Lycee after Anania Shirakatsy Yerevan Armenia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estonia 24 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 25 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 26 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 27 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 28 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty Kazakhstan 29 Unesco associated school "BEST" Almaty

Borissova, Daniela

170

Perception & Psychophysics 1993, 54 (6). 733-750  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Perception & Psychophysics 1993, 54 (6). 733-750 Detection of changes in speed and direction, Massachusetts and JURI ALLIK University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia Observers reacted to the change in the movement to another value, VI. The two movements, both horizontally oriented, were either in the same direction (speed

Sekuler, Robert

171

Perception & Psychophysics 1993, 54 (6), 733-750  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Perception & Psychophysics 1993, 54 (6), 733-750 Detection of changes in speed and direction, Massachusetts arid JURI ALLIK University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia Observers reacted tothe change in the movement toanother value, V 1 . The two movements, both horizontally oriented, were either in the same direction

Dzhafarov, Ehtibar

172

A Tourist Recommendation System Employing Probabilistic Semantics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smart City system. Keywords: semantics, tourism, recommendation engine, probabilistic reasoning, rule focuses on automating the object selection and visit schedule creation. Smart City (SC) is a semantic Estonia. The Smart City project uses experience from the Smartmuseum project [9] and applies some

Hammerton, James

173

Accountable Certificate Management using Undeniable Attestations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

¨uberneetika AS Akadeemia tee 21 12618 Tallinn, Estonia ahto.buldas@cyber.ee Peeter Laud Universit¨at des Saarlandes FB 14 management system. Moreover, authenticated search trees can be used in many security-critical applications for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed

174

A missing link: How does flexicurity affect workersí well-being?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S S a ve ra ge le ve l o f j ob in se cu ri ty A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A Belgium Bulgari Switzer Cyprus Germany Denmark Estonia Spain Finland France UK Norway Poland Portuga Sweden Sloveni Slovaki ESS average level of insecurity = 4.43 + -0...

Burchell, Brendan J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

American Journal of Botany 95(2): 156164. 2008. Orchids are well known for their rarity, but are also increas-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's most heavily mined deposits of oil shale, a sedimentary rock with large deposits of organic matter of semicoke and ash tailings from oil shale mines have accumulated throughout northeastern Estonia. is a pseudobulbous orchid growing a 20­50 cm long inflorescence. Three individuals were sampled at a working oil

Shefferson, Richard P.

176

Mycorrhizal Species Dominate the Soil-Fungal Community in Estonian Oil Shale-Ash Hills Charles Cowden, Sam Willis, and Richard Shefferson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mycorrhizal Species Dominate the Soil-Fungal Community in Estonian Oil Shale-Ash Hills Charles 30602 Introduction Estonia relies on vast reserves of oil shale to produce electricity. The mining and burning of oil shale is extremely inefficient and produces large quantities of tailings and ash (Vallner

Shefferson, Richard P.

177

Preproceedings of the 22nd Symposium on Implementation and Application of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hall University in South Orange, New Jersey. IFL 2010 is hosted by the Software Technology group, the symposium had 58 registered participants from Belgium, Brasil, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece Clean, Erlang, F#, Haskell, Hume, JavaScript, SAC, Scheme/Racket, and Timber, with the majority

Utrecht, Universiteit

178

WASTE TO WATTS Waste is a Resource!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Climate protection in light of the· Waste Framework Directive. The "energy package", e.g. the RenewablesWASTE TO WATTS Waste is a Resource! energy forum Case Studies from Estonia, Switzerland, Germany Bossart,· ABB Waste-to-Energy Plants Edmund Fleck,· ESWET Marcel van Berlo,· Afval Energie Bedrijf From

Columbia University

179

An operational semantics for R5 Jacob Matthews  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An operational semantics for R5 RS Scheme Jacob Matthews University of Chicago jacobm or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation 25, 2005, Tallinn, Estonia. Copyright c 2005 Jacob Matthews and Robert Bruce Findler. suited

Findler, Robert Bruce "Robby"

180

Diversity of Orchid Fungal Symbionts in Estonian Mine Tailings Sam Willis, Charles Cowden and Richard Shefferson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

little more than burnt oil soaked shale and ash. We extracted all DNA in soil samples taken from multiple samples were taken is on a barren hill that was created when Estonia burned oil soaked shale to produce the fungi are utilizing the nutrients from the burnt oil and shale to support the orchids (Shefferson et al

Gittleman, John

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulgaria estonia latvia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

JournalofGeophysicalResearch: SpacePhysics RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the high-energy solar particles in interplanetary space. The method includes the determination , and I. G. Usoskin1,3 1 Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory (Oulu Unit), University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 2 Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

Usoskin, Ilya G.

182

Radoslav Pavlov Peter Stanchev Digital Presentation and Preservation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on architectural knowledge and Laser statement informing measure- ments, the whole leading to 3D reconstruction and Informatics ­ BAS Printed in Bulgaria by Demetra Ltd. Sofia, 2013 #12;Preface The main aim of the 3rd of the European Digital Mathematics Library project as well as an outlook for sustain- able development. N

Stanchev, Peter

183

PLUS Projector Contact Information CASA HELLMUND & CIA., S.A. (www.hellmund.com/)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLUS Projector Contact Information VENEZUELA CASA HELLMUND & CIA., S.A. (www Tecnologia Sistemas e Comercio Ltda. Rodovia Anhanguera SP330 - KM 296 Cravinhos-SP-Brazil - CEP:14140 Herentals Belgium tel: 014-84-9293 fax: 014-84-9291 jan@cnr.be BULGARIA Bulgarian Information & Office

Kleinfeld, David

184

Illegal logging e conflict timber: Strategie per l'Italia e per l'Europa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

commerciale per l'export del Camerun, ... ma anche della Bosnia, Romania, Serbia, ... #12;Nei paesi europei 79,993 Czech Republic 78,432 Bosnia and Herzegovina 43,460 Romania 43,244 Slovakia 35,372 Bulgaria 22

Pettenella, Davide

185

1 | P a g e Natasha T. Dimova, Ph.D  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

", Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Sofia, Bulgaria MSc in Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Advisers: Prof. Ivelin Kuleff and Dr. Evgeny Taskaev Thesis topic: Determination of plutonium of Luxembourg, Luxembourg, March ­ May, 2003 Intercomparison analysis for determination of uranium and radium

Paytan, Adina

186

Population of isomers in the decay of the giant dipole resonance N. Tsoneva and Ch. Stoyanov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are excited via different nuclear reactions and the deexcitation populates the low-lying ex- cited states Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria Yu. P. Gangrsky and V. Yu. Ponomarev obtained see, e.g., the review article 1 . They have relatively low excitation energy and total angular

Ponomarev, Vladimir

187

2014 Chevron North Sea Limited Chevron University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generation. Chevron also invests in renewables and advanced technologies. Chevron Upstream Europe (CUE, Romania and Bulgaria. The business unit employs approximately 1,000 staff and long-term contractors at its onshore locations in the UK, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania and offshore in the UK

Painter, Kevin

188

Dendroclimatic Analysis for Changes of Air Temperature and Precipitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

periodsClimate change viewed over different periods #12;Northern Russia:Northern Russia: Raspopov increase in the pastincrease in the past 250 years250 years #12;Climate change viewed over differentDendroclimatic Analysis for Changes of Air Temperature and Precipitation in Southwestern Bulgaria

University of Forestry (Bulgaria)

189

Bibliography February 3, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systems: 9th East European Conference, ADBIS 2005, volume 3631 / 2005 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science European Conference, ADBIS 2007, Varna, Bulgaria, September 29­October 3, volume 4690 of Lecture Notes. In Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering, 2004. Abstract

190

SYSTEM BIOLOGY & BIOINFORMATICS DOI: 10.5504/50YRTIMB.2011.0037 BIOTECHNOL. & BIOTECHNOL. EQ. 26/2012/SE 50 YEARS ROUMEN TSANEV INSTITUTE OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

membranes proposed by Helfrich (3) and Evans (1) describe the elastic energy per unit area of lipid membrane. & BIOTECHNOL. EQ. 26/2012/SE 50 YEARS ROUMEN TSANEV INSTITUTE OF SPECIAL EDITION/ON-LINE MOLECULAR BIOLOGY 06 of Solid State Physics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria 2 University of Ljubljana, Faculty

Iglic, Ales

191

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 Estonia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Korea,...

192

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Estonia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon 297 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Korea,...

193

PSA Vol 1 Tables Revised Ver 2 Print.xls  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 Estonia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Finland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 France 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Gabon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Guatemala 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 India 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Korea,...

194

Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, and Democracy Reconsidered  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through regular elections and guarantee civil liberties, thereby reducing political violence (Kitschelt 1986). Within a similar line of studies, scholars note that resources are essential to sustain and mobilize violent activities (Dalton, Sickle... Violence Albania 1998 999 1.41 Latvia 1996 1200 1.81 Argentina* 1995 1079 1.68 Lithuania 1997 1009 1.82 Armenia 1997 2000 1.85 Macedonia 1998 995 1.67 Australia 1995 2048 1.63 Moldova 1996 984 2.13 Bangladesh 1996 1525 1.13 New Zealand 1998 1201 1.60 Brazil...

Yeh, Yao-Yuan

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

195

Estonian greenhouse gas emissions inventory report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is widely accepted that the increase of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere due to human activities would result in warming of the Earth`s surface. To examine this effect and better understand how the GHG increase in the atmosphere might change the climate in the future, how ecosystems and societies in different regions of the World should adapt to these changes, what must policymakers do for the mitigation of that effect, the worldwide project within the Framework Convention on Climate Change was generated by the initiative of United Nations. Estonia is one of more than 150 countries, which signed the Framework Convention on Climate Change at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. In 1994 a new project, Estonian Country Study was initiated within the US Country Studies Program. The project will help to compile the GHG inventory for Estonia, find contemporary trends to investigate the impact of climate change on the Estonian ecosystems and economy and to formulate national strategies for Estonia addressing to global climate change.

Punning, J.M.; Ilomets, M.; Karindi, A.; Mandre, M.; Reisner, V. [Inst. of Ecology, Tallinn (Estonia); Martins, A.; Pesur, A. [Inst. of Energy Research, Tallinn (Estonia); Roostalu, H.; Tullus, H. [Estonian Agricultural Univ., Tartu (Estonia)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

JPRS report proliferation issues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa; (2) China; (3) North and South Korea, Japan; (4) Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia; (5) Argentina, Brazil; (6) India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, Libya, Iraq, Egypt; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France.

NONE

1991-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

197

Effects of Local Adaptation of Invasion Success: A Case Study of Rhithropanopeus harrisii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Europe (including the Adriatic Sea, Baltic Sea, Belgium, Britain, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Mediterranean Sea, Netherlands, North Sea, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and the Ukraine), Africa (Tunisia) and Asia....E. Atlantic 1991 Europe Italy Adriatic Sea 1994 Europe Belgium North Sea 1994 Europe England N.E. Atlantic 1996 Europe Lithuania Baltic Sea 2000 Europe France Mediterranean 2000 Europe Finland Baltic Sea 2008 North America United States San Francisco...

Boyle, Terrence Michael

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

198

Coalition of the Leaving: What Caused the Disintegration of the Multi-National Force in Iraq (2003-2009)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the withdrawal of the various allies. In contrast, the topic has been understudied in the academic community. Most of the 1 Portugal and Spain Vow to Boost Ties Despite Differences in Iraq, AFP, May 4 2004. 2 research about the ďCoalition of the WillingĒ (CW... 56-108 Chapter 4: Italy in the Coalition of the Willing 109-139 Chapter 5: Denmark in the Coalition of the Willing 140-170 Chapter 6: Bulgaria in the Coalition...

Cantir, Cristian

2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

199

Russian-Estonian Code-Switching Among Young Estonian Russians: Developing a Mixed Linguistic Identity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the central authorities; 2) Sillam?e, an area closed to Estonians as members of a ?suspect? ethnic group, due to the uranium mining, and, later, uranium processing; 3) the Kohtla-J?rve oil-shale mines; 4) the PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www... in the county of Ida- Viru. It has always been an industrial town that has become widely known as the capital of the oil shale basin and the chemical industry. Kohtla-J?rve is one of the youngest towns in Estonia. It received its designation as a town on June...

Zabrodskaja, Anastassia

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Eswood School | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 NoSan Leandro,Law and PolicyEssex County is aEstonia:

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulgaria estonia latvia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Ethanol Capital Funding | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6 NoSan Leandro,Law and PolicyEssex County is aEstonia:Ethanol

202

Thermodynamics of MgB2 described by the weak-coupling two-band BCS model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermodynamics of MgB2 described by the weak-coupling two-band BCS model Todor M. Mishonov,1,2 Valery L. Pokrovsky,3,4 and Hongduo Wei3 1Faculty of Physics, Sofia University ?St. Kliment Ohridski,? 5 James Bourchier Boulevard, BG-1164 Sofia..., Bulgaria 2Laboratorium voor Vaste-Stoffysica en Magnetisme, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200 D, B-3001, Belgium 3Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242, USA 4Landau Institute for Theoretical...

Mishonov, TM; Pokrovsky, Valery L.; Wei, HD.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Paternal Genetic History of the Basque Population of Spain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; 0.0073 Mertens et al. (2007) Bosnia 181 0.4621 0.9734#5; 0.0054 Klaric et al. (2005) Bulgaria 126 0.5604 0.9874 #5; 0.0047 Zaharova et al. (2001) Castilla la Mancha 63 0.5226 0.9794 #5; 0.0089 Adams et al. (2008) Castile 131 0.5343 0.9799 #5; 0...% of the total variation and spreading from southeast to northwest through Europe (Cavalli- Sforza et al. 1994). This cline has been interpreted as a genetic signature of the DDM model, with a correlation of 0.89 between the first principal component of gene...

Young, Kristin L.; Sun, Guangyun; Deka, Ranjan; Crawford, Michael H.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Plant maintenance and plant life extension issue, 2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The focus of the March-April issue is on plant maintenance and plant life extension. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Three proposed COLs expected in 2007, by Dale E. Klein, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Delivering behaviors that our customers value, by Jack Allen, Westinghouse Electric Company; Facilitating high-level and fuel waste disposal technologies, by Malcolm Gray, IAEA, Austria; Plant life management and long-term operation, by Pal Kovacs, OECD-NEA, France; Measuring control rod position, by R. Taymanov, K. Sapozhnikova, I. Druzhinin, D.I. Mendeleyev, Institue for Metrology, Russia; and, 'Modernization' means higher safety, by Svetlana Genova, Kozluduy NPP plc, Bulgaria.

Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

205

Seismicity and seismic response of the Soviet-designed VVER (Water-cooled, Water moderated Energy Reactor) reactor plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On March 4, 1977, a strong earthquake occurred at Vrancea, Romania, about 350 km from the Kozloduy plant in Bulgaria. Subsequent to this event, construction of the unit 2 of the Armenia plant was delayed over two years while seismic features were added. On December 7, 1988, another strong earthquake struck northwest Armenia about 90 km north of the Armenia plant. Extensive damage of residential and industrial facilities occurred in the vicinity of the epicenter. The earthquake did not damage the Armenia plant. Following this event, the Soviet government announced that the plant would be shutdown permanently by March 18, 1989, and the station converted to a fossil-fired plant. This paper presents the results of the seismic analyses of the Soviet-designed VVER (Water-cooled, Water moderated Energy Reactor) plants. Also presented is the information concerning seismicity in the regions where VVERs are located and information on seismic design of VVERs. The reference units are the VVER-440 model V230 (similar to the two units of the Armenia plant) and the VVER-1000 model V320 units at Kozloduy in Bulgaria. This document provides an initial basis for understanding the seismicity and seismic response of VVERs under seismic events. 1 ref., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

Ma, D.C.; Gvildys, J.; Wang, C.Y.; Spencer, B.W.; Sienicki, J.J.; Seidensticker, R.W.; Purvis, E.E. III

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Shale Oil Value Enhancement Research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Raw kerogen oil is rich in heteroatom-containing compounds. Heteroatoms, N, S & O, are undesirable as components of a refinery feedstock, but are the basis for product value in agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, surfactants, solvents, polymers, and a host of industrial materials. An economically viable, technologically feasible process scheme was developed in this research that promises to enhance the economics of oil shale development, both in the US and elsewhere in the world, in particular Estonia. Products will compete in existing markets for products now manufactured by costly synthesis routes. A premium petroleum refinery feedstock is also produced. The technology is now ready for pilot plant engineering studies and is likely to play an important role in developing a US oil shale industry.

James W. Bunger

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

207

The Estonian study of Chernobyl cleanup workers: I. Design and questionnaire data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nearly 2% of the male population of Estonia aged 20-39 years were sent to Chernobyl to assist in the cleanup activities after the reactor accident. A cohort of 4,833 cleanup workers was assembled based on multiple and independent sources of information. Information obtained from 3,704 responses to a detailed questionnaire indicated that 63% of the workers were sent to Chernobyl in 1986; 54% were of Estonian and 35% of Russian ethnicity; 72% were married, and 1,164 of their 5,392 children were conceived after the Chernobyl disaster. The workers were less educated than their counterparts than their counterparts in the general population of Estonia, and only 8.5% had attended university. Based on doses entered in workers records, the mean dose was 11 cGy, with only 1.4% over 25 cGy. Nearly 85% of the workers were sent as part of military training activities, and more than half spent in excess of 3 months in the Chernobyl area. Thirty-six percent of the workers reported having worked within the immediate vicinity of the accident site; 11.5% worked on the roofs near the damaged reactor, clearing the highly radioactive debris. The most commonly performed task was the removal and burial of topsoil (55% of the workers). Potassium iodide was given to over 18% of the men. The study design also incorporates biological indicators of exposure based on the glycophorin A mutational assay of red blood cells and chromosome translocation analyses of lymphocytes; record linkage with national cancer registry and mortality registry files to determine cancer incidence and cause-specific mortality; thyroid screening examinations with ultrasound and fine-needle biopsy; and cryopreserved white blood cells and plasma for future molecular studies. Comprehensive studies of Chernobyl cleanup workers have potential to provide a new information about cancer risks due to protracted exposures to ionizing radiation. 21 refs., 1 fig., 11 tabs.

Tekkel, M.; Rahu, M.; Veidebaum, T. [Institute of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Tallinn (Estonia)] [and others

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Sulfide scaling in low enthalpy geothermal environments; A survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A review of the sulfide scaling phenomena in low-temperature environments is presented. While high-temperature fluids tend to deposit metal sulfides because of their high concentrations of dissolved metals and variations of temperature, pressure and fluid chemistry, low temperature media are characterized by very low metal content but much higher dissolved sulfide. In the case of the goethermal wells of the Paris Basin, detailed studies demonstrate that the relatively large concentrations of chloride and dissolved sulfide are responsible for corrosion and consequent formation of iron sulfide scale composed of mackinawite, pyrite and pyrrhotite. The effects of the exploitation schemes are far less important than the corrosion of the casings. The low-enthalpy fluids that do not originate from sedimentary aquifers (such as in Iceland and Bulgaria), have a limited corrosion potential, and the thin sulfide film that appears may prevent the progress of corrosion.

Criaud, A.; Fouillac, C. (Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres (BRGM), 45 - Orleans (France))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Uranium production in Eastern Europe and its environmental impact: A literature survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A survey of the unclassified literature was made to determine the location, technology, throughput, and environmental status of the uranium mines and mills that have historically made up uranium production capability in Eastern Europe. Included in that survey were the following countries: the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), now part of a reunited Germany, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Poland. Until recently, uranium was being produced in five of these six countries (Poland stopped production 20 years ago). The production began directly after World War II in support of weapons production in the Soviet Union. Eastern Europe has produced about two-thirds of the total Soviet uranium inventory historically, or about 330,000 metric tonnes of uranium (NM) [730 million pounds of uranium (MlbU)l out of a total of about 490,000 MTU (1090 NlbU).

Norman, R.E.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Global analysis of data on the spin-orbit-coupled A {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +} and b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub u} states of Cs{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present experimentally derived potential curves and spin-orbit interaction functions for the strongly perturbed A {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +} and b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub u} states of the cesium dimer. The results are based on data from several sources. Laser-induced fluorescence Fourier transform spectroscopy (LIF FTS) was used some time ago in the Laboratoire Aime Cotton primarily to study the X {sup 1{Sigma}}{sub g}{sup +} state. More recent work at Tsinghua University provides information from moderate resolution spectroscopy on the lowest levels of the b {sup 3{Pi}}{sub 0u}{sup {+-}} state as well as additional high-resolution data. From Innsbruck University, we have precision data obtained with cold Cs{sub 2} molecules. Recent data from Temple University was obtained using the optical-optical double resonance polarization spectroscopy technique, and finally, a group at the University of Latvia has added additional LIF FTS data. In the Hamiltonian matrix, we have used analytic potentials (the expanded Morse oscillator form) with both finite-difference (FD) coupled-channel and discrete variable representation (DVR) calculations of the term values. Fitted diagonal and off-diagonal spin-orbit functions are obtained and compared with ab initio results from Temple and Moscow State universities.

Bai, Jianmei; Ahmed, E. H.; Beser, B.; Guan, Y.; Kotochigova, S.; Lyyra, A. M.; Ashman, S.; Wolfe, C. M.; Huennekens, J.; Xie, Feng; Li, Dan; Li, Li; Tamanis, M.; Ferber, R.; Drozdova, A.; Pazyuk, E.; Stolyarov, A. V.; Danzl, J. G.; Naegerl, H.-C.; Bouloufa, N. [Physics Department, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122 (United States); Department of Physics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015 (United States); Department of Physics and Key Lab of Atomic and Molecular Nanoscience, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Laser Center, Department of Physics, University of Latvia, 19 Rains Blvd., Riga LV-1586 (Latvia); Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, GSP-2 Leninskie gory 1/3, Moscow RU-119992 (Russian Federation); Institut fuer Experimentalphysik und Zentrum fuer Quantenphysik, Universitaet Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Universite Paris-Sud, Bat. 505, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Department of Physics and Astronomy, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

211

SILER: Seismic-Initiated events risk mitigation in Lead-cooled Reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SILER is a Collaborative Project, partially funded by the European Commission, aimed at studying the risk associated to seismic initiated events in Generation IV Heavy Liquid Metal reactors and developing adequate protection measures. The attention is focused on the evaluation of the effects of earthquakes (with particular regards to beyond design seismic events) and to the identification of mitigation strategies, acting both on structures and components design (as well as on the development of seismic isolation devices) which can also have positive effects on economics, leading to an high level of plant design standardization. Attention is also devoted to the identification of plant layout solutions able to avoid risks of radioactive release from both the core and other structures (i.e. the spent fuel storage pools). Specific effort is paid to the development of guidelines and design recommendations for addressing the seismic issue in next generation reactor systems. In addition, consideration will be devoted to transfer the knowledge developed in the project to Generation III advanced systems, in line with the objective of the SNE-TP SRA to support present and future Light Water Reactors and their further development, for which safety issues are key aspects to be addressed. Note, in this respect, that the benefits of base isolation in terms of response to design seismic actions are already widely recognized for Generation III LWRs, along with the possibility of a significant standardization of structural and equipment design. SILER activities started on October 1 st 2011 and are carried out by 18 partners: ENEA (Italy, Coordinator), AREVA NP SAS (France), SCK-CEN (Belgium), FIP Industriale (Italy), MAURER SOHENE (Germany), EC-JRC (Ispra (Italy)), SINTEC (Italy), KTH (Sweden), BOA-BKT (Germany), IDOM (Spain), ANSALDO (Italy), IPUL (Latvia), NUMERIA (Italy), VCE (Austria), SRS (Italy), CEA (France), EA (Spain), NUVIA (France). (authors)

Forni, M. [ENEA, Via Martin di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna (Italy); De Grandis, S. [SINTEC, Via Santo Stefano 20, 40125 Bologna (Italy)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Quality of environmental impact statements and variability of scrutiny by reviewers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Adequate provision of information is essential for decision making. This paper provides the results of the quality assessment of Environmental Impact Statements (EIS), documents prescribed by EIA Directive (337/85/EEC). The assessment was completed by several categories of reviewers in Estonia, which has been an EU member state since 2004. The quality assessment of EIS was based on the EC Guidance on EIS Review (2001). Firstly, the quality assessment of 50 randomly selected EIS was carried out by a single reviewer. Secondly, the individual grading among 24 independent reviewers of a single EIS was tested. Thirdly, a comparison of the results of 15 individual and 5 group assessments of the same EIS was conducted. The results from the quality assessment of the selected EIS demonstrate a satisfactory level of information provided for decision making; 68% of the sample EIS were positively graded. However, more than half of the 50 EIS were graded as 'just satisfactory'. Comparison between the individual and group assessment of the same EIS demonstrates that the group assessment is more critical than the individual assessment. This possibly results from a wider technical expertise and balancing of subjective values and perspectives among group members. Arguably, the current practice of EIA competent authorities assessing the quality of EIS with individuals could be revised. We discuss the effect of the group assessment on expanding the narrow technical expertise and the subjectivity of a single expert.

Peterson, Kaja, E-mail: kaja.peterson@seit.e [Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn Centre, Lai Street 34, Tallinn 10133 (Estonia)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

Development of the in-structure response spectra of the VVER-440 Model 230 Kozloduy Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Kozloduy NPP is located in the North-West part of Bulgaria on the Danube river. The plant consists of four units of 440 MW and two units of 1,000 MW. In the last 15 years there have been three strong, intermediate depth earthquakes in the Vrancea seismic zone (1977, 1986, 1990) which have affected the NPP site. The Vrancea zone is located approximately 300 km northeast of the plant. It is known for the generation of strong, long-period seismic motions. In 1990 an intensive work program for qualification of the plant according to the international standards (IAEA 1991; IAEA 1992) was initiated. The work started by a project for site confirmation. As a result, new design seismic characteristics were obtained. A Review Level Earthquake is defined by a maximum acceleration of 0.2 g; a response spectrum is shown. The generation of the in-structure response spectra for units 1 and 2 VVER-440 Model 230 is presented in this paper. The coauthors belong to an IAEA Advisory Team assisting the seismic upgrading project of the Kozloduy plant.

Kostov, M.K. [Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia (BG). Central Lab. for Seismic Mechanics and Earthquake Engineering; Ma, D.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Prato, C.A. [Univ. of Cordoba (AR); Stevenson, J.D. [Stevenson and Associates, Cleveland, OH (US)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Computer simulation of the processes at electron beam technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The computer software packages developed in Bulgaria are among our important research results concerning EB melting and refining. (i) In the field of the gun and the beam improvement optimisation: A new approach, based on beam phase analysis, has been proposed and applied in a computer software package. The computer simulation of beam formation and transport permit to optimize technology electron guns and predict some features of the processes. A investigation of the ion compensation of the electron space charge in the beam at different technology conditions is in progress. (ii) In the electron beam refining technology. The kinetics of the impurities evaporation and refining of the low density contaminants at the drip or cold hearth melting has been investigated. Computer calculation of the component concentration changes during refinement had been developed. Analysis of main processes of the impurity transport can be studied. (iii) In the field of beam heating of the materials: Computer simulation of the heat transport is done. Deep of the melted pool, thermal distribution in the casted ingot as the temperature loading of the equipment parts are possible to be calculated.

Mladenov, G.M.; Vutova, K.; Sabchevsky, S. [Institute of Electronics, Sofia (Bulgaria)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

215

IPIRG-2 task 1 - pipe system experiments with circumferential cracks in straight-pipe locations. Final report, September 1991--November 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results from Task 1 of the Second International Piping Integrity Research Group (IPIRG-2) program. The IPIRG-2 program is an international group program managed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC) and funded by a consortium of organizations from 15 nations including: Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Lithuania, Republic of China, Slovak Republic, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The objective of the program was to build on the results of the IPIRG-1 and other related programs by extending the state-of-the-art in pipe fracture technology through the development of data needed to verify engineering methods for assessing the integrity of nuclear power plant piping systems that contain defects. The IPIRG-2 program included five main tasks: Task 1 - Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds Task 2 - Fracture of Flawed Fittings Task 3 - Cyclic and Dynamic Load Effects on Fracture Toughness Task 4 - Resolution of Issues From IPIRG-1 and Related Programs Task 5 - Information Exchange Seminars and Workshops, and Program Management. The scope of this report is to present the results from the experiments and analyses associated with Task 1 (Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds). The rationale and objectives of this task are discussed after a brief review of experimental data which existed after the IPIRG-1 program.

Scott, P.; Olson, R.; Marschall, C.; Rudland, D. [and others

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Sulfur capture by oil shale ashes under atmospheric and pressurized FBC conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When oil shale contains large quantities of limestone, a significant auto-absorption of sulfur is possible under suitable conditions. The sulfur capture by oil shale ashes has been studied using a pressurized thermogravimetric apparatus. The chosen experimental conditions were typical for atmospheric and pressurized fluidized bed combustion. The Ca/S molar ratios in the two oil shales studied were 8 (Estonian) and 10 (Israeli). The samples were first burned in a gas atmosphere containing O{sub 2} and N{sub 2} (and CO{sub 2} if pressurized). After the combustion step, SO{sub 2} was added and sulfation started. The results with the oil shales were compared to those obtained with an oil shale cyclone ash from the Narva power plant in Estonia. In general, the results from the sulfur capture experiments under both atmospheric and pressurized conditions showed that the oil shale cannot only capture its own sulfur but also significant amounts of additional sulfur of another fuel if the fuels are mixed together. For example from the runs at atmospheric pressure, the conversion of CaO to CaSO{sub 4} was about 70% for Israeli oil shale and about 55% for Estonian oil shale (850 C). For the cyclone ash the corresponding conversion was about 20%. In comparison it could be mentioned that under the same conditions the conversions of natural limestones are about 30%. The reason the cyclone ash was a poor sulfur absorbent was probably due to its temperature history. In Narva the oil shale was burned at a significantly higher temperature (1,400 C) than was used in the experiments (750 C and 850 C). This caused the ash to sinter and the reactive surface area of the cyclone ash was therefore decreased.

Yrjas, K.P.; Hupa, M. [Aabo Akademi Univ., Turku (Finland). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; Kuelaots, I.; Ots, A. [Tallinn Technical Univ. (Estonia). Thermal Engineering Dept.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

217

Strategic planning -- task 7.1. Topical report, February 1994--June 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nations of East Central Europe regained their political and economic freedom in 1989, ending nearly a half century of centrally planned economies under the hegemony of the former Soviet Union (FSU). These nations are now emerging from economic conditions marked by price distortions and a focus on heavy industry, isolation from world markets, and a lack of occupational health and environmental safeguards. Economic recovery, environmental restoration, and political stability, as well as eventual entrance into the European Community (EC), require a reordering of policies and priorities, including those bearing on energy and the environment. This report, prepared as a background document for the Second International Conference on Energy and Environment to be held in Prague in November 1994, is composed of a summary table and supporting text and is intended to provide a concise review of issues related to energy and the environment for the Czech and Slovak Republics, Hungary, Poland, and Bulgaria. Organized by subject and country, Table 1 contains country profiles (Row A), information on the economy (Row B), primary energy consumption, environmental priorities, energy resources, production, and utilization (Rows C, D, F, G, H, and 1), electrical generation and transmission (Rows J and K), district heating (Row L), briquettes (Row M), and environmental regulations (Row N). Pertinent policy goals, issues, and trends are noted. The reports is based largely on a review of documents published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), as well as selected sources obtained from the countries of the region. Reference citations are keyed to information presented in Table 1.

Daly, D.J.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

[Energy and environmental research emphasizing low-rank coal]: Task 7.1, Strategic planning. Topical report, February 1, 1994--June 30, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nations of East Central Europe regained their political and economic freedom in 1989, ending nearly a half century of centrally planned economies under the hegemony of the former Soviet Union (FSU). These nations are now emerging from economic conditions marked by price distortions and a focus on heavy industry, isolation from world markets, and a lack of occupational health and environmental safeguards. Economic recovery, environmental restoration, and political stability, as well as eventual entrance into the European Community (EC), require a reordering of policies and priorities, including those bearing on energy and the environment. This report, prepared as a background document for the Second International Conference on Energy and Environment to be held in Prague in November 1994, is composed of a summary table (Table 1) and supporting text and is intended to provide a concise review of issues related to energy and the environment for the Czech and Slovak Republics, Hungary, Poland, and Bulgaria. Organized by subject and country, Table 1 contains country profiles (Row A), information on the economy (Row B), primary energy consumption, environmental priorities, energy resources, production, and utilization (Rows C, D, F, G, H, and I), electrical generation and transmission (Rows J and K), district heating (Row L), briquettes (Row M), and environmental regulations (Row N). Pertinent policy goals, issues, and trends are noted. The reports is based largely on a review of documents published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), as well as selected sources obtained from the countries of the region. Reference citations are keyed to information presented in Table 1.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Summary of the contractor information exchange meeting for improving the safety of Soviet-Designed Nuclear Power Plants, February 19, 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes a meeting held on February 19, 1997, in Washington, D.C. The meeting was held primarily to exchange information among the contractors involved in the U.S. Department of Energy`s efforts to improve the safety of Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. Previous meetings have been held on December 5-6, 1995, and May 22, 1996. The meetings are sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy and coordinated by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The U.S. Department of Energy works with countries to increase the level of safety at 63 Soviet-designed nuclear reactors operating in Armenia, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, and Ukraine. The work is implemented largely by commercial companies and individuals who provide technologies and services to the countries with Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. Attending the meeting were 71 representatives of commercial contractors, the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of State, national laboratories, and other federal agencies. The presentations and discussions that occurred during the exchange are summarized in this report. While this report captures the general presentation and discussion points covered at the meeting, it is not a verbatim, inclusive record. To make the report useful, information presented at the meeting has been expanded to clarify issues, respond to attendees` requests, or place discussion points in a broader programmatic context. Appendixes A through F contain the meeting agenda, list of attendees, copies of presentation visuals and handouts, the Strategy Document discussed at the meeting, and a summary of attendees` post-meeting evaluation comments. As with past information exchanges, the participants found this meeting valuable and useful. In response to the participant`s requests, a fourth information exchange will be held later in 1997.

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Challenges for Lithuania: Ignalina NPP Early Closure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a condition of accession into the European Union (EU), Lithuania is committed to the closure and decommissioning of Ignalina NPP comprising two RBMK-1500 reactor units (Fig. 1). It was agreed in a special protocol to the Accession Treaty that, in return for adequate EU financial assistance, Unit 1 would be closed before 2005 and Unit 2 by the end of 2009. The first unit was duly shut down on December 31, 2004. Lithuania, which has borders with Russia (Kaliningrad territory), Poland, Latvia and Belarus, spent fifty years as part of the Soviet Union and was deeply integrated into its economy and electrical infrastructure. At the break-up of the USSR, Lithuania inherited electricity generating capacity designed to supply the north-west region including ownership of Ignalina NPP located in the north-east of the country. Ignalina NPP Unit 1 was commissioned in 1983, Unit 2 in 1987; the planned lifespan of each unit was 30 years. Construction of a third unit was started but never completed. Since Lithuania became independent in 1990, Ignalina NPP has typically contributed more than 70% of national power supply. The town of Visaginas (population approx. 30,000) was purpose built to serve the plant and staff were brought in from throughout the USSR. With 3200 direct employees, Ignalina NPP remains by far the largest employer. Although there are pockets of Russian-language speakers in communities throughout Lithuania, Visaginas is the only example on a whole-town scale. Thus closure of Ignalina NPP within the restricted timescale required by the EU Accession Treaty commitment set an exceptional challenge to Lithuania. However, since the preparatory phase of decommissioning started in 2000, notable progress has been made, experience gained and lessons learnt. At present Unit 1 remains partially fueled in a state of care and maintenance. Partly burnt fuel is being transferred from Unit 1 to Unit 2 for further irradiation in order to minimize the commitment of new fuel thereby reducing operating costs and the final quantity of spent fuel. Design and construction of the facilities for spent fuel storage, waste processing and free-release is ongoing. The siting of the Near Surface Repository is now in the final stages of approval and construction of the landfill facility is under tendering. In order to facilitate the approval process and minimize the transport of waste, both disposal facilities will be within the boundary of the NPP site. Approximately 450 staff are employed at the shutdown Unit 1 for the safe maintenance of essential systems. The total staffing level at the plant is currently being reduced by around 200 each year, with a larger release to take place at the closure of Unit 2. It is envisaged that 2000 staff will be required for the dismantling operations. Although Ignalina NPP is still in the early stages of closure and decommissioning, some important lessons have already been learnt: Firstly, the importance considering social and financial issues as well as technical factors in deciding the decommissioning strategy. This should be done before the preparation is started of the FDP. The same broad consideration should also be given to the economic restructuring of the local area. Consultation is necessary with local and national authorities, and other stakeholders up to ensure a common vision. At Ignalina NPP it was considered essential to staff morale and the maintenance of a strong safety culture to guarantee the special social and employment benefits to dismissed staff in law [9]. At the same time, measures were also adopted to encourage certain key personnel to remain at the plant until closure. The case of Lithuania, which at independence had no legislative framework or management infrastructure for radioactive waste, may be exceptional; however, for all decommissioning projects it is necessary to have, from the outset, a clear strategy on waste storage and disposal. Finally, coordination at all levels must be assured, especially with the involvement of the nuclear regulators and other regulatory authorities, t

Teskeviciene, Birute [Ministry of Economy, Gedimino pr. 38/2, Vilnius, LT-01104 (Lithuania); Harrison, Peter [Central Project Management Agency, S. Konarskio 13, Vilnius, LT-03109 (Lithuania)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z