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Sample records for bulgaria burma cameroon

  1. Introduction InBulgaria,theEuropeanpondturtle(Emysorbicularis)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollov, Ivelin Aldinov

    ". It is also listed in the annexes II and IV of the Habitat Directive (Council Directive 92/43/ EEC, 1992) of the Bern Convention, which came into effect in Bulgaria on May 1st, 1991 (Bern Convention, 1979); listed

  2. Railroad Surveying as Practiced in Bulgaria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patchejieff, Boris J.

    1913-01-01

    In the following pages, I will try to give a description of the methods used for railway surveying in Bulgaria. These methods are results of long years of experience and practice and are suited to meet the requirements of the country...

  3. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Prehistoric cereal foods from Greece and Bulgaria: investigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinova, Elena

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Prehistoric cereal foods from Greece and Bulgaria: investigation of starch prehistoric sites in Greece and Bulgaria has been analysed. A comparative modern set of cooked (&) Department of Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece e-mail: sval

  4. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Coal Products (t) Exports Imports Angola Argentina Australia II Austria Bahrain Bangladesh Belgium Brazil Bulgaria Burma (Myanmar) Belarus Canada

  5. Djinga cheekii sp. nov. (Podostemaceae) from Cameroon Jean-Paul Ghogue, Konrad A. Huber and Rolf Rutishauser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zürich, Universität

    : Cameroon. Littoral Province. Mantem River, near Manjo, on the Douala­Nkongsamba highway, 490 m a.s.l., 4

  6. A preliminary investigation of the relationship between water quality and Anopheles gambiae larval habitats in western Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    pyrethroids in the cities of Douala and Yaounde (Cameroon).urbanized areas of Yaoundé and Douala [36]. In the southern

  7. A NEW SQUEAKER FROG (ARTHROLEPTIDAE: ARTHROLEPTIS) FROM THE MOUNTAINS OF CAMEROON AND NIGERIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A NEW SQUEAKER FROG (ARTHROLEPTIDAE: ARTHROLEPTIS) FROM THE MOUNTAINS OF CAMEROON AND NIGERIA DAVID Plateaus of eastern Nigeria. The known distribution suggests that it may eventually also be found throughout the Acha- Tugi Ridge that traverses the Cameroon­Nigeria border. More than 40 years ago

  8. WRF-Fire Applied in Bulgaria Nina Dobrinkova1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    WRF-Fire Applied in Bulgaria Nina Dobrinkova1 Georgi Jordanov2 Jan Mandel3 1 Institute and Statistical Sciences University of Colorado Denver jan.mandel@ucdenver.edu Abstract. WRF-Fire consists of the WRF (Weather Research and Forecasting Model) coupled with a fire spread model, based on the level- set

  9. Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal logging > Printer-friendly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal on the EU side. 9/13/2010 Cameroon axes illegal logging www.africa-eu-partnership.org/print/122 1/2 #12;The goes a long way in supporting the Africa-EU Partnership on Trade, Regional Integration

  10. Passive solar systems performance under conditions in Bulgaria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lekov, A.B.; Balcomb, J.D.

    1989-12-01

    This paper presents energy performance of 12 passive solar systems for three climatically different zones of Bulgaria. The results are compared with a base-case residential house that has a design typical for these areas. The different passive solar systems are compared on the basis of the percentage of solar savings and the yield, which is the annual net benefit of adding the passive solar system. The analyses are provided based on monthly meteorological data, and the method used for calculations is the Solar Load Ratio. Recommendations for Bulgarian conditions are given. 5 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Structure of the Crust beneath Cameroon, West Africa, from the Joint Inversion of Rayleigh Wave Group Velocities and Receiver Functions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tokam, A K; Tabod, C T; Nyblade, A A; Julia, J; Wiens, D A; Pasyanos, M E

    2010-02-18

    The Cameroon Volcanic Line (CVL) is a major geologic feature that cuts across Cameroon from the south west to the north east. It is a unique volcanic lineament which has both an oceanic and a continental sector and consists of a chain of Tertiary to Recent, generally alkaline volcanoes stretching from the Atlantic island of Pagalu to the interior of the African continent. The oceanic sector includes the islands of Bioko (formerly Fernando Po) and Sao Tome and Principe while the continental sector includes the Etinde, Cameroon, Manengouba, Bamboutos, Oku and Mandara mountains, as well as the Adamawa and Biu Plateaus. In addition to the CVL, three other major tectonic features characterize the region: the Benue Trough located northwest of the CVL, the Central African Shear Zone (CASZ), trending N70 degrees E, roughly parallel to the CVL, and the Congo Craton in southern Cameroon. The origin of the CVL is still the subject of considerable debate, with both plume and non-plume models invoked by many authors (e.g., Deruelle et al., 2007; Ngako et al, 2006; Ritsema and Allen, 2003; Burke, 2001; Ebinger and Sleep, 1998; Lee et al, 1994; Dorbath et al., 1986; Fairhead and Binks, 1991; King and Ritsema, 2000; Reusch et al., 2010). Crustal structure beneath Cameroon has been investigated previously using active (Stuart et al, 1985) and passive (Dorbath et al., 1986; Tabod, 1991; Tabod et al, 1992; Plomerova et al, 1993) source seismic data, revealing a crust about 33 km thick at the south-western end of the continental portion of the CVL (Tabod, 1991) and the Adamawa Plateau, and thinner crust (23 km thick) beneath the Garoua Rift in the north (Stuart et al, 1985) (Figure 1). Estimates of crustal thickness obtained using gravity data show similar variations between the Garoua rift, Adamawa Plateau, and southern part of the CVL (Poudjom et al., 1995; Nnange et al., 2000). In this study, we investigate further crustal structure beneath the CVL and the adjacent regions in Cameroon using 1-D shear wave velocity models obtained from the joint inversion of Rayleigh wave group velocities and P-receiver functions for 32 broadband seismic stations. From the 1-D shear wave velocity models, we obtain new insights into the composition and structure of the crust and upper mantle across Cameroon. After briefly reviewing the geological framework of Cameroon, we describe the data and the joint inversion method, and then interpret variations in crustal structure found beneath Cameroon in terms of the tectonic history of the region.

  12. International Conference RANLP 2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 299304 Evaluating term extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of evaluation putting aside the ergonomic and software aspects. We propose a comparative and applicationInternational Conference RANLP 2009 - Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 299­304 Evaluating term extraction@lipn.univ-paris13.fr Abstract In contrast with other NLP tasks, only few and limited evaluation challenges have been

  13. Events in Emerging Text Types (eETTs) -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 18 Summarizing Blog Entries versus News Texts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Events in Emerging Text Types (eETTs) - Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 1­8 Summarizing Blog Entries and more people are expressing their opinions on the web in the form of weblogs (or blogs), research event or entity in blog entries. How- ever, the variety of blog posts and the infor- mal style

  14. My trip to Cameroon culminated two semesters' worth of design work on an Engineers Without Borders water project. I had the special opportunity to see those designs finally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Laurence J.

    design, which encompassed a concrete water storage tank, 500 m of pipelines, and stand tap placements worked on a real project and was then able to see my own calculations and designs be put togetherMy trip to Cameroon culminated two semesters' worth of design work on an Engineers Without Borders

  15. Efficacy of amodiaquine, sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine and their combination for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in children in Cameroon at the time of policy change to artemisinin-based combination therapy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mbacham, Wilfred F.; Evehe, Marie-Solange B.; Netongo, Palmer M.; Ateh, Isabel A.; Mimche, Patrice N.; Ajua, Anthony; Nji, Akindeh M.; Echouffo-Tcheugui, Justin B.; Tawe, Bantar; Hallett, Rachel; Roper, Cally; Targett, Geoffrey; Greenwood, Brian

    2010-01-27

    , Ngongang O, Netongo P, Ajua A, Achidi EA: Assessment of the efficacy and safety of amodiaquine plus artesunate versus atermether-lumefantrine for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in children in Ngaoundere, Cameroon, 2007. Report to Ministry...

  16. A Comparative SWOT Analysis of the National Agricultural Extension Program Organization to Determine Best-Fit Program Model: A Case Study of the North West and South West Regions of Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyambi, Gwendoline

    2012-07-16

    Agriculture is crucial to the economic and social wellbeing of the Republic of Cameroon. A national need for increased productivity, farm incomes, food security and rural development requires more effective agricultural ...

  17. Buddhist Ceremonies and Rituals of Burma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De, Manikuntala

    1982-01-01

    raised dias along with his brother monks. In front of the dias were laid offerings consisting of fruit, cooked food, yellow cloth etc. intended to be presented to those monks. After portions from the Vinaya having been recited the new convert was made... in the rains ; (ii) to avoid injuring sprouts and insects and germs which grow abundantly during the rainy season. For observance of Vassavasa, generally two periods were earmarked, one commencing from the day after the full ­ moon of Asatha (June...

  18. Action on illegal logging: measuring UNECE/FAO and WTO workshop: Emerging trade measures in timber markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa Russia PNG & Solomons Malaysia Indonesia Burma Brazil #12;5 Exports to sensitive markets (1) · `Sensitive' markets: Australia, EU, New Zealand, US · Exports from producer countries to sensitive market to plywood exports to Nigeria ­ Cameroon's share is also falling (90%-70%), due to logs going to China

  19. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries. Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bourkina (Upper Volta), Brazil, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields, Appendix II, Phytomass Files, and References.

  20. The Queen's Emergency Support Program Off-Campus Activity Safety Policy (OCASP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    Dominic attempted to capture the political situation in Ghana. SMART CHOICES? Other choices... In April buildings and individuals) - Bolivia - Burma - Burkina Faso - Cambodia - Cameroon - China - Costa Rica as a Canadian when he went back to his other home. He didn't. SMART CHOICES? Keep in mind... Dual citizenship

  1. Cameroon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,

  2. The organizational evolution of OSS detachment 101 in Burma; 1942-1945 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sacquety, Troy James

    2009-05-15

    ............................................................................... 77 V RETHINKING OPERATIONS: THE DETACHMENT EVOLVES: FEBRUARY 1943-JANUARY 1944................................................... 82 The Detachment Reevaluates Its Personnel Situation..................... 86 Finances... ............................................................ 99 New Additions to Detachment 101 ................................................. 103 VI PEERS TAKES OVER: DETACHMENT 101 COMES OF AGE: JANUARY-MAY 1944........................................................................ 109...

  3. Bulgaria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin:PontiacInformationAssessment Toolkit

  4. Cameroon-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Congo Basin AgencyCompany Organization Environment Canada, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area...

  5. Wildlife Sustainability and Human Food Security in Cameroon, Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinbaum, Karen Zohar

    2012-01-01

    H. Kaplan. 1997. The sustainability of subsistence huntingfor post-depletion sustainability in a mature bushmeat2004. Assessing the sustainability of brocket deer hunting

  6. Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development (IFAD). The purpose was to identify constraints to agricultural growth and poverty reduction that might be eased through better policy, both domestically and...

  7. Wildlife Sustainability and Human Food Security in Cameroon, Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinbaum, Karen Zohar

    2012-01-01

    consumption in rural Africa. Proceedings Of The NationalHouseholds in Gabon, Central Africa. Conservation BiologyHouseholds in Gabon, Central Africa. Conservation Biology

  8. Wildlife Sustainability and Human Food Security in Cameroon, Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinbaum, Karen Zohar

    2012-01-01

    Team. 2010. R: A language and environment for statisticalTeam. 2010. R: A language and environment for statistical

  9. Cameroon-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the Congo

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC JumpBiossenceBrunswick,Calendar HomeGmbHFunds Investment

  10. Cameroon-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine:Kansas:Information(RedirectedEnterpriseCounty,North

  11. Cost Curves for Gas Supply Security: The Case of Bulgaria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silve, Florent; Noël, Pierre

    % of contracted gas consumption could not be served by the system. As Russian imports were completely shut down on 6th January, consumption had to abruptly adjust through rationing, dropping from about 13 mcm/d to about 6 mcm/d (Kardejak, 2009, slide 51... or other energy sources. Similarly, policies in place to mitigate the risks, including emergency plans, are ignored. This is why, like Findlater and Noël (2010) did for the Baltic States, we opt for a qualitative assessment of the security of supply...

  12. Sedimentological evolution of the Emine and Kamchia basins, eastern Bulgaria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suttill, Hannah L.

    2009-11-26

    Mountain belts are inherently asymmetric, defined by the sense of plate subduction. The resultant orogen can be divided into peripheral and retro-arc wedges with the retro-wedge overlying the overthrust plate. Modelling ...

  13. Bulgaria-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine: EnergyEnergyOhio: EnergyNorth Dakota: EnergyGroups >(RECP) in

  14. Office Director, Department of Energy, Sophia, Bulgaria | National Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal of HonorPoster Session |SecurityNSDDforSecurity

  15. The Precarious Role of Education in Identity and Value Formation Processes: The shift from state to market forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desjardins, R

    2015-01-01

    Slovak Republic Iceland Croatia Austria Bulgaria Netherlandscannot be ignored. Bulgaria Croatia Lithuania Czech Republic

  16. Examining critical issues associated with human immunodeficiency virus antiretroviral therapy administration in resource-limited settings:adherence and drug quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tusiime, Jayne Byakika

    2010-01-01

    in Cameroon: lessons from the Douala antiretroviral (DARVIR)in Cameroon: lessons from the Douala antiretroviral (DARVIR)

  17. Mapping through Memory: The 2010 Rencontres Picha biennial in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Elaine Ericksen

    2015-01-01

    visiting. director of SUD, the Douala triennial in Cameroon,centers: Doul’art in Douala, Cameroon, Picha in Lubumbashi,

  18. Essays on the Economics of Environmental Issues: The Environmental Kuznets Curve to Optimal Energy Portfolios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meininger, Aaron G.

    2012-01-01

    Herz. Bulgaria Croatia Macedonia, FYR Rep. Moldova NorwayHerz Bulgaria Croatia 15500 FYR Macedonia 8500 Rep. Moldova

  19. Are Levels of Democracy Influenced by Mass Attitudes? Testing a Central Premise of the Political Culture Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian

    2006-01-01

    Poland Chile Bulgaria Croatia Albania S. Africa Switzld. S.Bulgaria, Chile, China, Croatia, Czech Rep. , Estonia,

  20. A metallurgical study of West African iron monies from Cameroon and Liberia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papakirillou, Ismini

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to make a contribution to the study of West African iron monies through examination and analysis of a group of these objects in the collection of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology ...

  1. What determines the price received by farmers? The case of cocoa in Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergaly Kamdem, Cyrille; Galtier, Franck; Gockowski, James; David-Benz, Hélène; Egg, Johny; Kamgnia Dia, Bernadette

    2009-01-01

    2009) What determines the price received by farmers? TheBerkeley. What determines the price received by farmers? Thetheir impact on the prices received by the producers.

  2. Developing effective chronic disease interventions in Africa: insights from Ghana and Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de-Graft Aikins, Ama; Boynton, Petra; Atanga, Lem L.

    2010-04-19

    - vant to secondary prevention. Sedentary lifestyles have been strongly implicated in Ghana's chronic disease burden [45]. However there is also an emerging keep-fit culture in urban and rural fit and football clubs are also common across the country...

  3. The Absence of National Languages in Education and Its Consequences: A Case Study of Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Happi, Thierry Ngoufan

    1996-01-01

    as College Liberman of Douala and College de la Retraite ofadministrative offices of Douala and Yaou nde. Some music

  4. What determines the price received by farmers? The case of cocoa in Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergaly Kamdem, Cyrille; Galtier, Franck; Gockowski, James; David-Benz, Hélène; Egg, Johny; Kamgnia Dia, Bernadette

    2009-01-01

    finally reaching the port of Douala (where the exporters areof the cocoa (the port of Douala) as well as the conditionpoint of sale and the port of Douala Number of non-tarmac km

  5. The Role of Microcredit in Conflict and Displacement Mitigation: A Case Study in Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heen, Stacy

    This research, generously supported by the Mellon-MIT Inter-University Program on Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Forced Migration, sought to explore the question of whether the revolving fund of a small credit ...

  6. The Multilingual Zoo: Animals, Languages, and Symbolic Capital in Yaoundé, Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmonds, Rosalie Beth

    2015-01-01

    and including the port city of Douala), and the French (whoand commercial center, Douala. The majority of educational

  7. Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened and How

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolar EnergyAerodynall Countriescapital GmbH JumpEquipmentto

  8. Cameroon-Forest Sector Development in a Difficult Political Economy | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank, Maine:Kansas:Information(RedirectedEnterpriseCounty,NorthEnergy

  9. IITM CSC Article #59 24 June 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    , Project Associate, China Studies Centre, IITM The ongoing Kachin conflict in Burma poses a challenge Yunnan. China is involved in transporting crude oil from the Middle East or Africa through Burma via the Indian Ocean. A pipeline is being constructed for the same from Burma to Kunming, Yunnan province to meet

  10. Protesting the contest : election boycotts around the world, 1990-2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaulieu, Emily Ann

    2006-01-01

    Faso Cambodia Cameroon Chad Comoros Congo (dropped) Cote d’violence Azerbaijan Cameroon Comoros Cote d’Ivoire GhanaPeru, Niger, Mali, Yemen, Ghana, Comoros, and Cameroon while

  11. International Conference RANLP 2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 123127 Learning to Identify Educational Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    several features characteristic to educational resources, which can be used to identify the educativeness-digital, that may be used for learning, education or training" [2], or "any digital resource that can be reused of the Web as an educational resource through the automatic identification of learning assets on the Web

  12. International Conference RANLP 2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 318323 Towards efficient production of linguistic resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ~na, Espa~na mmolinero@udc.es Projet ALPAGE, INRIA Rocquencourt + Paris 7, France {benoit.sagot, Eric.De La Clergerie}@inria.fr · Grupo Cole, Univ. de Vigo, Espa~na {etrigo,jmv}@uvigo.es, alonso@udc.es Abstract

  13. Workshop On Definition Extraction 2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 3339, Language Independent System for Definition Extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on different corpus get worst. In the case of classification approach one of the main issue to be dealt with is the sparseness of definitions in a corpus. It is a matter of fact that the number of definition bearing sentences] used a balanced corpus where the definition-bearing sentences represent 59% of the whole corpus, while

  14. www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 298 1 NOVEMBER 2002 953 Energy in Sofia, Bulgaria.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Antónia

    quote, "in biology, nothing makes sense except in light of evo- lution," on its ear. Evolution, it turns biology--evo-devo--are turning their at- tention away from dramatic evolutionary events and toward into how the same mechanisms might underlie both types of evolution. Evo-devo work hasn't always had

  15. Student Research Workshop, RANLP 2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 1822 LOGICON: A System for Extracting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Extracting Semantic Structure using Partial Parsing Kais Dukes School of Computing, University of Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom sckd@leeds.ac.uk Abstract Partial parsing is an established NLP technique used parsing, annotated corpora, constituent structure, thematic relations, semantic role labeling, syntax

  16. Illegal Pathways to Illegal Profits: The Big Cigarette Companies and International Smuggling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids

    2003-01-01

    direct route to Nigeria DOUALA MALABO YAOUNDE Truck/airCameroon to Sudan ran from Douala in Cameroon to Bangui in

  17. Molecular surveillance for drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum in clinical and subclinical populations from three border regions of Burma/Myanmar: cross-sectional data and a systematic review of resistance studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    gene is associated with in vitro quinine sensitivity in ThaiChina- Myanmar border area to quinine and association withborder to chloroquine, quinine, mefloquine and artesunate.

  18. HIGH RISK COUNTRIES Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad China Columbia Comoros

  19. International Projects: Education Grant value over $250,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central Afrian Republic, Comoros, Congo

  20. Student Name: ______________________________ Birthdate (MM/DD/YY): ____________ PART I SCREENING: Please answer the following questions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad China Colombia Comoros Congo

  1. Manuscript submitted to Website: http://AIMsciences.org AIMS' Journals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacKay, Robert S.

    . Yamapi Department of Physics, Faculty of Science University of DOUALA, PO. Box 24157 DOUALA, Cameroon R

  2. Tolerance for Income Inequality and Redistributive Preferences: Cross-nation and Multilevel Perspectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tay, Thiam Chye

    2013-01-01

    Rep. Latvia Bulgaria Croatia Turkey Poland South AfricaTurkey Estonia China Austria Croatia Philippines UK DenmarkIsrael South Africa Turkey Croatia Bulgaria Latvia France

  3. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01

    regressions on family ties Croatia Algeria Finland SwedenCzech Republic Bulgaria Croatia Algeria Saudi Arabia CzechSweden Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Germany Netherlands Denmark

  4. Tax Morale and Conditional Cooperation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, Bruno S.; Torgler, Benno

    2006-01-01

    Estonia, Ukraine, Russia, Croatia, Slovakia, Greece, andBelarus Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic -0.282*** -5.74 -Republic, Bulgaria, Croatia, and Poland exhibit relatively

  5. Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

    2011-01-01

    Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary,Ukraine, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia allChile China Columbia Croatia Dominican Republic Ecuador

  6. A preliminary investigation of the relationship between water quality and Anopheles gambiae larval habitats in western Cameroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    and a single site in Mali Site Lat. Long. Collection date11 Limbé 4-Sept-11 Selinkenyi, Mali 29-Sept-11 with agaroseone site in Selinkenyi, Mali. Results: Principal components

  7. Essays in Collaborative Wildfire Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Rachel Carolyn

    2011-01-01

    the development of hazardous areas: The role of land usethe development of hazardous areas. Public AdministrationUSFS’ Burma Segment Hazardous Fuels Treatment Area after the

  8. Harvard Export Control Compliance Policy Statement Harvard University investigators engage in a broad range of innovative and important

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodrich, Lisa V.

    security; lasers and sensors; navigation and avionics materials; marine-related materials; and propulsion of economic embargoes against countries, currently including Burma (Myanmar), Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North

  9. EXPORT CONTROL CHECKLIST YES NO Are You

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    /embargoed country? · Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Syria or the Balkans, Belarus, Burma · Telecommunications and Information Security · Lasers and Sensors · Navigation and Avionics

  10. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 2531, Hissar, Bulgaria, 7-13 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    approaches to NER. Linguistic rule based, statistical based, and hybrid. Rule-based methods are usually based, 2012). Statistical and machine learning approaches generally require a large amount of manually. Hassina Aliane Research Center on Scientific and Technical Information, Algeria haliane@hotmail.com Amina

  11. Proceedings of the Joint Workshop on NLP&LOD and SWAIE, pages 811, Hissar, Bulgaria, 12 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the 2010 Bil- lion Triple Challenge (BTC) data set, as well as DBpedia (Auer et al., 2007) and Free

  12. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 727732, Hissar, Bulgaria, 12-14 September 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    given by this automatic titling approach are rele- vant. 1 Introduction Web pages contain a multitude. The main idea is to extract, from a given text, the most rele- vant noun phrase and use it as title

  13. International Conference RANLP 2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 264269 A morphological and syntactic wide-coverage lexicon for Spanish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In this paper, we introduce the L´exico de Formas Flexionadas del Espa~nol (Leffe), a wide flexionadas del espa~nol - Lexicon of Spanish inflected forms 2 Lexique des formes fl´echies du franc

  14. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 261267, Hissar, Bulgaria, 12-14 September 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .7 50.0 0.8 1.6 Table 1: Baseline scores for the English data set in the SEMEVAL task 1. IM MUC B3 CEAFE English data sets used in the SEMEVAL 2010 shared task 1 and the CONLL 2011 shared task using the scorers of both shared tasks. We show that single- tons, both in the gold standard and in the sys- tem output

  15. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 3340, Hissar, Bulgaria, 12-14 September 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    language processing tasks often rely on part-of-speech (POS) tagging as a prepro- cessing step. However task and compare systems relying either on POS induction, on POS tagging, or on lexical features only as a baseline. Our experiments on the English CoNLL'2000 dataset show a significant benefit from POS induction

  16. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 9197, Hissar, Bulgaria, 7-13 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -13 September 2013. A Unified Lexical Processing Framework Based on the Margin Infused Relaxed Algorithm. A Case we describe how the above mentioned tasks can be achieved using a Perceptron with the Margin Infused presents a unified lexical processing framework based on the Margin Infused Relaxed Algorithm (MIRA

  17. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 525531, Hissar, Bulgaria, 7-13 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the specific lexicon and style of each inventor (Alberts et al., 2011). Patent applica- tions are published the alternative expressions each inventor may use to describe the same concept (Hunt et al., 2007). It is known and inventor- specific term definitions. Wikipedia is constantly updated; besides the multiple critiques

  18. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 316322, Hissar, Bulgaria, 12-14 September 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    how the national topics were a focus of interest for writ- ing and conflict. Could of altruism (Nov, 2007). However, some informal surveys in Catalan WP association `Amical Viquipèdia' showed language edi- tion. Autoreferentiality concept we propose stands out to describe the interest of a culture

  19. Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 633639, Hissar, Bulgaria, 7-13 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    obtained from anal- ysis of 752 posts dedicated to infertility treatments. Our best results improve multi online for information about health topics such as a specific disease or treatment (Fox 2011 of available treatments, evaluations of alternative treatments; b) in seeking emotional support - anonymous

  20. Africa Aerosol Optical Depth Obtained From MISR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    Faso Cameroon Equatorial Guinea Gambia, The Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Cameroon Equatorial Guinea Gambia, The Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Mauritania

  1. Available at: http://publications.ictp.it IC/2010/017 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Douala, P.O. Box 8580, Douala, Cameroon, and The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics of Science, University of Douala, P.O. Box 8580, Douala, Cameroon, K. Hammami and N. Jaidane Laboratory

  2. Chinese demand drives global deforestation Chinese demand drives global deforestation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reuters June 10, 2007 NGAMBE-TIKAR, Cameroon (Reuters) - From outside, Cameroon's Ngambe-Tikar forest the raw materials for Chinese exports to the West. China needs 5 million cubic meters more of tropical

  3. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01

    Greece Tunisia Togo Thailand Liberia Morocco Niger Cote d’Madagascar Rwanda Tunisia Liberia Cameroon Sri Lanka Tunisia

  4. Physics Letters A 376 (2012) 472475 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flach, Sergej

    2012-01-01

    and Complex Systems, Department of Physics, University of Douala, P.O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon c

  5. Quantum q-breathers in a finite Bose-Hubbard chain: The case of two interacting bosons Jean Pierre Nguenang,1,2 R. A. Pinto,1 and Sergej Flach1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flach, Sergej

    Systems, Department of Physics, University of Douala, P.O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon Received 29 January

  6. Math 392 Halloween Question, Dr. Cleary The Great Pumpkin just got back to the North Pole after delivering presents to all the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cleary, Sean

    , and a basketball for Maggie who lives in Douala, Cameroon. The Great Pumpkin needs to drop off presents

  7. Physica D 238 (2009) 581588 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flach, Sergej

    2009-01-01

    Physics and Complex Systems, Department of Physics, University of Douala, P.O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon

  8. Energy and the Evolution of World-Systems: Fueling Power and Environmental Degradation, 1800-2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Kirk Steven

    2011-01-01

    with Power Country Zambia Cameroon Morocco Norway PeruPower Country Zambia Honduras Democratic Rep. of Congo Zambia Germany Peru

  9. Examining aspects of linguistic knowledge of anglophone primary school teachers of north west province of Cameroon in relation to children's literacy achievement 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghong, Mary Njang

    2009-05-15

    Literacy is an important phenomenon in all societies today. Nations around the world put in a great deal of effort and allocate a lot of funding for educational purposes to improve literacy rates of children and to help ...

  10. The Tibeto-Burman Group of Languages, and Its Pioneers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprigg, R. K.

    the climate of opinion of the time, that another seven years were to elapse before the Third Burma War resulted in the overthrow of the kingdom of Ava, and completed the British conquest of the territory now known as the Union of Burma, another twenty... 18 Notes I. Even in the jet age, however, studentwf ribeto-Burman lan­ guages are in some respects no better off than Logan: Burma is an but closed to scholars from America and the non-Communist countries of Europe; the present writer was refused...

  11. A Surgeon in Wartime China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Lyle Stephenson

    1946-01-01

    the Hooghly and then the Brahmaputra River to this area. From here they were flown over the Hump, or the Himalaya Mountains, by our American Air Corps and A.T.C. pilots. The Japanese had of course cut off the only other en trance into China, the Burma... Effort in Ckina THE X, Y, AND Z FORCES T THE TIME of my arrival in China, January, 1944, the war effort in China, Burma, and India was com- JL JL.bined into one theater, known as the C.B.I. (China, Burma, India) under the command of General Joseph W...

  12. The OECD Anti-Bribery Convention: Changing the Currents of Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Souza, Anna

    2009-01-01

    Against Corruption – that covered countries like Mexico,Turkey Bulgaria Mexico Higher levels of corruption GroupMexico, Bulgaria, Argentina) exhibit a large, significant post-Convention decline in bilateral exports to high corruption

  13. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2015: Raising taxes on tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2015-01-01

    Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kiribati, New zealand,Bulgaria, Chile, Croatia,* Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia,Belgium EuR Bulgaria BGN Croatia HRK Cyprus EuR Czech

  14. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01

    Australia, Austria, Barbados, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada,Argentina*, Australia, Barbados, Bhutan, Brazil*, BruneiArgentina Bahamas Barbados Belize Bolivia (Plurinational

  15. TNCs and the Removal of Textiles and Clothing Quotas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005, UNCTAD; Appelbaum, Richard P.

    2005-01-01

    direct investment (FDI) projects in textiles and clothing manufacturing show that China, Bulgaria, the United States, Hungary, Brazil and

  16. Global Migration and Regionalization, 1840-1940

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKeown, Adam

    2007-01-01

    Thousands Sources: See McKeown, "Global Migration," 188-9.Figure 4: Indian Migration, 1842-1937 Burma, Ceylon, Malayaof India, 100; McKeown, "Global Migrations," 186-9.

  17. WHAT CAN YOU DO? As a Bishop's or Champlain student, you

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volunteer Project to assist Burmese refugee and migrant children on the Thai-Burmese border and hardship or political repression in Burma (Myanmar) to relocate to towns and refugee camps in Thailand

  18. Effects of Vernalization Duration, Light Intensity during Vernalization and Low Temperature Holding after Vernalization on Flowering of Nobile Dendrobium Hybrids 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Min

    2012-07-16

    appeal, can be grown and sold at mass markets and programmed into flower for specific markets dates. Dendrobium Nobile Dendrobium nobile is an Asiatic orchid species that is native to the seasonal deciduous forest at Burma, India, Thailand...

  19. The Harmony of Yin and Yank: The American Military Advisory Effort in China, 1941-1951

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babb, Joseph G.

    2012-08-31

    , and advising these forces not only contributed to their successful participation in the campaign to retake Burma, but also enabled their defense of the Nationalist wartime capital, and facilitated their planned offensive against the Japanese at the end...

  20. A Reevaluation of the Taxonomy of the Mesocoelium monas Complex (Platyhelminthes: Digenea: Mesoceliidae) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calhoun, Dana Marie

    2012-07-16

    ......................................................................................................................... 97 1 1. INTRODUCTION L?he (1901) described Distomum sociale L?he, 1901 from specimens collected in Burma from the Asian black spined or Southeast Asian toad, Bufo melanostictus...

  1. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 4348, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Analysis (Sofa) mechanism, that allows different facets of the input data to be rep- resented. We Ananiadou The National Centre for Text Mining, School of Computer Science, The University of Manchester 131, and over 40 LRs that process 15 European lan- guages have been added to the U-Compare component library

  2. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 884889, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    subjected to man- ual phonetic clustering analysis that is labor-intensive and subject to inter the subject of inten- sive research. In general, repetitive head trauma is a known risk factor for chronic of risk for developing these conditions. Furthermore, the development of new behavioral methods aimed

  3. Proceedings of the ACL Student Research Workshop, pages 96102, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - ues: verification (Czy Lee Oswald zabil Johna Kennedy'ego?, Eng. Did Lee Oswald kill John Kennedy?), option choosing (Który z nich zabil Johna Kennedy'ego: Lance Oswald czy Lee Os- wald?, Eng. Which one killed John Kennedy: Lance Oswald or Lee Oswald?), named entity (Kto zabil Johna Kennedy'ego?, Eng. Who

  4. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 169174, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in this regard, focusing on a single species, the red kite. We de- scribe a system that interprets a sequence, to increase public engagement with nature conservation issues. For instance, in the UK, the Open Air

  5. Proceedings of the Seventeenth Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning: Shared Task, pages 6267, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 8-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iran and North Ko- rea, the development of nuclear power is mainly determined by the political forces are implemented to meet the safety expectation of the op- eration of nuclear power plant. All these measures. For nations like Iran and North Korea, the development of nu- clear power is mainly determined by po- litical

  6. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 860865, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bombay, Mumbai, India. ankitr@cse.iitb.ac.in Pushpak Bhattacharyya Dept. of Computer Science & Engg., Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India. pb@cse.iitb.ac.in Akshat Malu Dept. of Computer Science & Engg., Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India. akshatmalu@cse.iitb.ac.in J

  7. Proceedings of the ACL Student Research Workshop, pages 142149, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as equally grammatical and beginner reader appro- priate as a supervised SMT-based baseline system by native), Danish (Klerke and Søgaard, 2012), French (Seretan, 2012) and Swedish (Ry- bing and Smith, 2009; Decker, 2003). Our experi- ments use Danish text which is similar to English in that it has a deep orthography

  8. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 852861, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , but related to, the words in the rele- vant historical questions. For example, if a queried question contains the word "company" but a rele- vant historical question instead contains the word "firm

  9. Proceedings of the Workshop on Continuous Vector Space Models and their Compositionality, pages 3039, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Gram-based Input Encoding for Continuous Space Language Models Henning Sperr , Jan Niehues and Alexander Waibel.lastname@kit.edu henning.sperr@student.kit.edu Abstract We present a letter-based encoding for words in continuous space approach is n-gram-based language models (Chen and Goodman, 1999). In recent years Continuous Space

  10. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 262267, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    evaluation campaign Pavel Braslavski Kontur Labs / Ural Federal University,Russia pbras@yandex.ru Alexander Beloborodov Ural Federal University Russia xander-beloborodov @yandex.ru Maxim Khalilov TAUS Labs

  11. Proceedings of the BioNLP Shared Task 2013 Workshop, pages 178187, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    about drugs in the DailyMed database (Polen et al., 2008). Biomed- ical literature mining is a powerful

  12. Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Teaching Natural Language Processing, pages 5155, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . However, the baggage associated with learn- ing the theory behind convolution kernels, which extends at their meaning level before we could translate them into the language of movement. By or- chestrating Introduction Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Machine Learning (ML) are making a significant impact in our

  13. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 10941104, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    probabilistic model for extracting events between major polit- ical actors from news corpora. Our un- supervised-level interactions be- tween major political actors of the form "someone does something to someone else" as reported in the open press (Schrodt, 2012), to study the pat- terns of interactions between political actors and how

  14. Proceedings of the Eighth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation, pages 200205, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 8-9, 2013 c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and minimum Bayes-risk objective. 1 Introduction This paper describes the University of Cam- bridge system errors in decoding. It also allows better integration with other steps in our translation pipeline such as 5-gram lan- guage model (LM) rescoring and lattice minimum Bayes-risk (LMBR) decoding (Blackwood

  15. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 505510, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bootstrapping sentiment-bearing terms from multilingual Twitter streams. Starting with a domain and new sentiment-bearing terms crop up. For example, the word "occupy" would not have been indicative in a streaming mode. To bootstrap subjectivity clues from Twitter streams we rely on three main assumptions: i

  16. June 6, 2007 Large-Scale Scientific Computations'07, Sozopol, Bulgaria -p. 1/29 Multiscale Modeling and Simulation of Fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popov, Peter

    in porous media (soil, porous rocks, etc.) x Elasticity problems in composite materials (adobe, concrete v are proportional to the pressure gradient p: v = - 1 µ K p, (1) where K is a permeability tensor's Darcy permeability. x A , are fluid-solid coupling coefficients. s The macroscopic velocity v(0

  17. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 561571, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    containing only interesting semantic relations. As a consequence, improving such thesaurus is an impor- tant of a thesaurus entry that are not semantically linked to this entry. This identification re- lies on the automatic building of a thesaurus from a corpus. As illustrated by Table 1, such thesaurus gives for each

  18. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 8590, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Head of Mali defense seeks more arms Défense de la tête du Mali cherche bras plus. There, apart from in the following way: Chief of Mali defense wants more weapons. Then BING produces a much better translation: Chef d'état-major de la défense du Mali veut plus d'armes. The fact that the formulation of the source

  19. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, pages 516520, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or an emissions trading scheme to combat global warming. Immigration: Immigration into Australia should

  20. Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Teaching Natural Language Processing, pages 4650, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (mathematics), FKS5 (physics), and STROM6 (mathematics). The last mentioned one claims to have the longest last year, and we have since observed some notable differences 1 http://www.ioling.org 2 http://fks.sk/english/english.php 6 http://seminar.strom.sk/ 7 http://mks.mff.cuni.cz 8 http://fykos.org/ 9 http

  1. Proceedings of the BioNLP Shared Task 2013 Workshop, pages 4549, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    text are necessary because standard Natural Language Processing tools can- not be readily applied for the BioNLP 2013 GE task. argument), in contrast to standard pipeline models which first extract detect "recruit" as an event trigger and then extract two formulas: ( "recruit", Theme:"Tax", Theme2:"CBP

  2. Proceedings of the Adaptation of Language Resources and Tools for Closely Related Languages and Language Variants, page 1, Hissar, Bulgaria, 13 September 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    experiment with (a) a stan- dard phrase-based SMT decoder, and (b) a special- ized beam-search adaptation, and RANLP, and journals such as JAIR, TSLP, NLE and LRE. He received the Young Researcher Award at RANLP

  3. Proceedings of the BioNLP Shared Task 2013 Workshop, pages 2634, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    2013 Association for Computational Linguistics EVEX in ST'13: Application of a large-scale text mining, Belgium 4. Dept. of Plant Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Ghent University, Belgium kahaka@utu.fi, solan novel text mining algorithms have been de- veloped in the context of the BioNLP Shared Tasks on Event

  4. Proceedings of the 13th Meeting on the Mathematics of Language (MoL 13), pages 111, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 9, 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of natural language gram- mars, and for the use of MGs in applied natural language processing. In Section 2 elements of × Syn with the two com- ponents separated by a colon (e.g. arrive : +d v). Each application

  5. Endohelminths from six rare species of turtles (Bataguridae) from Southeast Asia confiscated by international authorities in Hong Kong, China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, Rebecca Ann

    2004-09-30

    is distributed from the Nicabar Islands, Bangladesh, and Assam, south through Burma, Thailand, Kampuchea, Vietnam, and Malaya, east in Indonesia to Sulawesi and Amboina. It is also located in the Philippines and Celebes. It inhabits lowland water bodies... vulnerable species (Hilton-Taylor, 2000). Cyclemys dentata The Asian leaf turtle is one of two members of the genus Cyclemys. It is distributed from northern India, southward through Burma, Thailand, Kampuchea, Vietnam, and Malaya, to Sumatra, Java...

  6. Supplement 24, Part 5, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Arthropoda and Miscellaneous Phyla 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.; Shaw, Judith H.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Kirby, Margie D.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Zidar, Judith A.

    1982-01-01

    , 1897, H. dentipalpis Warburton ? Nuttall, 1909) (Burma, Viverra t_. tangalunga; Pahang, Negri Sembilan, North Borneo, Felis bengalensis tingia; Pahang, F. pardus fusca; Negri Sembilan, Paradoxurus hermaphroditus philippinensis; North Borneo...-99 (Dorcopsis sp. ; Merauke (Dutch New Guinea) ) Zwart, D., (1959C), 812-831 (wallaby; Dutch New Guinea) Haemaphysalis bandicota Hoogstraal, H. & Kohls, G, ?. , (1965A), 460-466 (Bandicota spp. ; Taiwan, Thailand and Burma) Haemaphysalis bartelsi Schulze...

  7. A new genus of nemonychid weevil from Burmese amber (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Steven Ray; Engel, Michael S.

    2014-04-28

    defining feature of this genus, as the punctures typically are quite small in other members of Rhinorhynchinae. Etymology. The genus name is a combination of the specimen’s collection locality, Burma (former name of Myanmar), and the Greek nyx, meaning..., Nascimbene PC (2002) Fossiliferous Cretaceous amber from Myanmar (Burma): Its rediscovery, biotic diversity, and paleontological significance. American Muse- um Novitates 3361: 1–72. doi: 10.1206/0003-0082(2002)3612.0.CO;2 Kuschel G (1954) La...

  8. The Political Economy of Ways and Means: Procurement Contracts, Entrepreneurship, and Development in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ngo Nyeck, Sybille

    2013-01-01

    the independent republic of Liberia used historical treatiesdelineate the contours of the Liberia-Sierra Leone border infollowed by the Free Congo, Liberia, Nigeria, and Cameroon.

  9. international enrollment report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    Cameroon 3 Côte d'lvoire 2 Comoros 1 Egypt 9 Eritrea 1 Ethiopia 2 Gambia 1 Ghana 1 Kenya 12 Libya 6 Malawi

  10. Women's Autonomy and Fertility: A Comparison of Sociocultural Indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    Botswana Cameroon Cape Verde Comoros Cote d'Ivoire AlgeriaChad Niger Nigeria Oman Comoros Cote d'Ivoire Djibouti Egypt

  11. Is there an association between PEPFAR funding and improvement in national health indicators in Africa? A retrospective study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duber, Herbert C; Coates, Thomas J; Szekeras, Greg; Kaji, Amy H; Lewis, Roger J

    2010-01-01

    Angola, Cameroon, Comoros, Gambia, Malawi, Mali, Sao TomeAfrican Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic RepublicAfrican Republic Chad Comoros Congo Democratic Republic of

  12. Fundamenta Informaticae XX (2006) 130 1 An axiomatization of the Token Game based on Petri Algebras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brest, Université de

    2006-01-01

    ebadouel@irisa.fr Jules Chenou Facult´e des Sciences Universit´e de Douala B.P. 24157 Douala, Cameroon

  13. PHYSICAL REVIEW E 91, 032927 (2015) Instabilities and relaxation to equilibrium in long-range oscillator chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dauxois, Thierry

    2015-01-01

    of Physics, University of Douala, P.O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon 4 Laboratoire de Physique de l'ENS Lyon

  14. Efficacy of artesunate-amodiaquine for treating uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa: a multi-centre analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    of Bamako, Bamako, Mali, 9 National Malaria ControlGabon, Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Demo- cratic Republic ofCameroon, Madagascar, and Mali (1 site each) [4]. Three (

  15. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 22, 2015: ICARUS...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  16. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden,...

  17. USC Visiting Fulbright Scholars from Abroad 2000 -Present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    Health 2000-2001 Haggag, Salah Eldin Egypt; Physics and Astronomy #12;Barry, Michael Ireland; Electrical-2006 Bouzidi, Hassan Morocco; English Programs for Internationals Lilov, Stanislav Bulgaria; Electrical

  18. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the World’s Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01

    Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Bolivia, Botswana, Bulgaria,75 th Argentina, Bahamas Barbados, Belize Bolivia, BrazilUnited States Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Botswana,

  19. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium BelizeRep. Albania Georgia Belgium Barbados Serbia and MontenegroIsrael Belgium Denmark Barbados Bulgaria France Hungary

  20. Il pensiero meridiano oggi: Intervista e dialoghi con Franco Cassano

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cassano, Francesco; Fogu, Claudio

    2010-01-01

    e Brindisi) con Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria. 7 Negli annirecentemente a Skopje, in Macedonia. Sono partito la mattinagiornata per arrivare in Macedonia. Se ci fosse un volo

  1. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Macau Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaZambia Albania Slovenia Macedonia Croatia Kyrgyz RepublicCroatia Russia Slovenia Macedonia Yugoslavia Bulgaria

  2. A New Song: Emerging Sephardic Music in Serbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiens, Kathleen Ruth

    2012-01-01

    Roma of Bulgaria and Macedonia. ” In Retuning Culture:Hercegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia,with urban centres in Macedonia. Sevdah is a form of solo

  3. Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

    2011-01-01

    Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia,Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia all experiencedKazakhstan Korea Lebanon Macedonia Malaysia Mexico Nigeria

  4. Press Pass - Press Release - The CMS Tracking Detector's Midnight...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  5. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  6. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | July 19, 2013: Discovery...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,...

  7. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | June 3, 2015: U.S. joins...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  8. Press Pass - Press Releases - March 30, 2010 - Physics Begins...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  9. Press Pass - Press Release - U.S. scientists join in "cosmic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  10. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak...

  11. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | April 5, 2015: U.S. scientists...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  12. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC First Beam

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  13. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,...

  14. Press Pass - Press Release - CDF B_s

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  15. Press Pass - Press Release - LHC Restart

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain,...

  16. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | LHC experiments eliminate...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,...

  17. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | May 13, 2015: Two Large...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  18. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | March 19, 2014: International...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,...

  19. Microsoft PowerPoint - 6_Mitch Hembree_Monday 5-20 1115 NMMSS...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    7 ImportExport & Obligations Review Total Entities: 183 European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) consists of the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,...

  20. Floodplain River Foodwebs in the Lower Mekong Basin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ou, Chouly

    2013-11-15

    Asia: China (Tibet), Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam (the Mekong delta). The Mekong River Basin is divided into two main sections: the Upper Mekong, which spans from Jifu Mountains of Tibet Autonomous prefecture of China to the border... of Burma and Laos, and the Lower Mekong, which covers the area from the Burma-Laos border to the Mekong Delta in Vietnam. The Mekong River plays a crucial role in the economy of many of these countries. China benefits from the river primarily through...

  1. An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Douglas R.

    2008-08-20

    , Thailand, Burma, and Vietnam in the top 25. Outside of Eurasia, Mexico ranked in the top ten and Brazil and Columbia in the top twenty-five. Figure 1. Map of Number of Toponymic Homonyms. Page 6 Rank Country Count Rank Country Count 1 Russia 35392... 14 Poland 5930 2 China 19363 15 South Korea 5559 3 Iran 17386 16 Thailand 5405 4 Indonesia 16504 17 Burma 4844 5 Afghanistan 10461 18 Brazil 4614 6 Pakistan 9221 19 Ukraine 4358 7 Germany 8454 20 Belgium 4181 8 Mexico 8193 21 Peru 3978 9...

  2. Nanyang Chinese National Salvation Movement, 1937-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akashi, Yoji

    1970-01-01

    began in 1924 to establish its network in Nanyang Hua-ch'iao communities. By the time the Second Party Congress met in 1926, the KMT had set up headquarters in Burma, French Indochina, Nanyang (Malaya-Dutch Indies), the Philippines, 3 FIGURE 1 A... Guinea, Celebes, and Malay Peninsula, Burma, Siam, and Indo-China."33 After the consummation of the KMT-Communist united front, Communist parties and their affiliates in Southeast Asia were increasingly oriented toward the Chinese Communist Party.34...

  3. Mukai Junkichi’s Transformation from a War to Minka (Folk House) Painter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaneko, Maki

    2011-01-01

    in Southeast Asia. Mukai stayed in the Philippines for nearly a year between 1941 and 1942 and was in Burma (present-day Myanmar) twice, in 1943 and 1944. Mukai was sent to some of the bloodiest battlefields, where he witnessed several grueling scenes..., including the now infamous Bataan Death March in 1942, which claimed the lives of nearly twenty thousand Filipino and American captive soldiers in the course of their forced move to the distant prisoner- of-war camp. On his second trip to Burma Mukai’s mis...

  4. Proceedings of the 2013 Workshop on Biomedical Natural Language Processing (BioNLP 2013), pages 6371, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 4-9 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -scale text mining applications beyond the traditional numeric performance measures Sofie Van Landeghem1,2 , Suwisa Kaewphan3,4 , Filip Ginter3 , Yves Van de Peer1,2 1. Dept. of Plant Systems Biology, VIB, Belgium 2. Dept. of Plant Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, Ghent University, Belgium 3. Dept

  5. Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Language Technology for Cultural Heritage, Social Sciences, and Humanities, pages 9095, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 8 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Integration of the Thesaurus for the Social Sciences (TheSoz) in an Information Extraction System Thierry present current work dealing with the in- tegration of a multilingual thesaurus for so- cial sciences of the thesaurus and semi-automatic generation of domain specific IE grammars, with their subsequent implementation

  6. Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Language Technology for Cultural Heritage, Social Sciences, and Humanities, pages 2935, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 8 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ido, Dagan

    Semi-automatic Construction of Cross-period Thesaurus Chaya Liebeskind, Ido Dagan, Jonathan Schler@cs.biu.ac.il, schler@gmail.com Abstract Cross-period (diachronic) thesaurus con- struction aims to enable potential a semi-automatic iterative Query Expansion (QE) scheme for supporting cross-period thesaurus con

  7. ISSN 1745-9648 Bulgarian Electricity Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    ISSN 1745-9648 Bulgarian Electricity Market Restructuring by Peter Ganev Institute for Market Economics, Bulgaria CCP Working Paper 08-8 Abstract: The electric power system of the Republic of Bulgaria is part of the united system of mainland Europe (UCTE) composed of the electric power systems of 23

  8. INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP BIOMEDICAL INFORMATION EXTRACTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP BIOMEDICAL INFORMATION EXTRACTION held in conjunction with the International BIOMEDICAL INFORMATION EXTRACTION PROCEEDINGS Borovets, Bulgaria 18 September 2009 ISBN 978-954-452-013-7 Designed and Printed by INCOMA Ltd. Shoumen, Bulgaria ii #12;Welcome to the Biomedical Information

  9. Platinum-group element abundance patterns in different mantle environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rehkaemper, M.; Halliday, A.N.; Barfod, D.; Fitton, J.G.; Dawson, J.B.

    1997-11-28

    Mantle-derived xenoliths from the Cameroon Line and northern Tanzania display differences in their platinum-group element (PGE) abundance patterns. The Cameroon Line lherzolites have uniform PGE patterns indicating a homogeneous upper mantle over several hundreds of kilometers, with approximately chondritic PGE ratios. The PGE patterns of the Tanzanian peridotites are similar to the PGE systematics of ultramafic rocks from ophiolites. The differences can be explained if the northern Tanzanian lithosphere developed in a fluid-rich suprasubduction zone environment, whereas the Cameroon Line lithosphere only experienced melt extraction from anhydrous periodotites. 32 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

  10. Effects of Black Carbon Aerosols on the Indian Monsoon GERALD A. MEEHL, JULIE M. ARBLASTER,* AND WILLIAM D. COLLINS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arblaster, Julie

    radiation reaching the surface during the dry season, as noted in previous studies. The increased meridional, Thailand, and Malaysia, as seen in observations. During the summer monsoon season, the model experiments of India, Bangladesh, Burma, and Thailand. Analysis of single ensemble members from the multiple

  11. COLING 2014 The 25th International Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Southeast Asia, on the other hand, consists of Brunei, Burma Abdul Rauf, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Pakistan WSSANLP Invited Speaker Vincent Berment, INa, France (Director) Program Committee Sadaf Abdul Rauf, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Pakistan Nave

  12. Uplift and subsidence associated with the great Aceh-Andaman earthquake of 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    Uplift and subsidence associated with the great Aceh-Andaman earthquake of 2004 Aron J. Meltzner,1 2006. [1] Rupture of the Sunda megathrust on 26 December 2004 produced broad regions of uplift. Uplift extends from the middle of Simeulue Island, Sumatra, at $2.5°N, to Preparis Island, Myanmar (Burma

  13. The arguments found here have been gestating for a long time, as I wrote about peasants, class conflict, resistance, develop-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    and dashed hopes in revolutionary change. This was a common enough experience for those who came to political elections in Burma, where I had spent a year, and, of course, the land reforms in revolutionary China for similarly melancholy reading. The popular aspirations that provided the energy and courage

  14. Bilham, R., (2006) Moving Mountains, 132-137, in Himalaya, R.C. Blum, E. Stone and B. Coburn, ed., pp 255. National Geographic Society. ISBN-10: 0-7922-6192-5.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    2006-01-01

    thirty times the energy of an M4) brings inhabitants from their homes. Once a decade, an M6 earthquake Burma in a vortex of solid rock. An enormous amount of energy is needed to sustain the plateau's lofty that had served as a beacon of Muslim architectural ingenuity for the previous 600 years, lost its

  15. N:\\redesign\\guides\\Food Technology-Food Engineering.doc 1 A Beginning Finding Aid to Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    N:\\redesign\\guides\\Food Technology-Food Engineering.doc 1 A Beginning Finding Aid to Materials in the IIT Archives Related to Food Technology Index of IIT Archives Acc. No. 1998.149/News (Press) Releases. of Rangoon, Burma 2/1950 Milton E. Parker, director of food engineering program at IIT discusses pest control

  16. Epidemiological aspects of Claviceps africana, causal agent of Sorghum ergot 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noe, Montes Garcia; Noe, Montes Garcia

    2005-02-17

    . propinquum (K.) Hitch., which is a native perennial of Sri Lanka and southern India, and from Burma eastward to the islands of south-eastern Asia, and S. bicolor (L.) Moench which includes all the domesticated taxa, a widely-distributed and ecologically...

  17. Rice Supply, Demand and Related Government Programs. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kincannon, John A.

    1957-01-01

    in the absence of marketing quotas. DOMESTIC AND WORLD TRADE Asia produces about 85 percent of the world supply of rice. The United States produces slightly less than 2 percent but ranks third as a rice exporting nation, exceeded only by Thailand and Burma...

  18. Inheritance of antioxidant activity and its association with seed coat color in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (l.) walp.) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ndambe Nzaramba, Magnifique

    2005-08-29

    .S.A., Burma, Sri Lanka and Australia all have significant production. Production figures in the U.S.A. were estimated at about 800,000 hectares/year. Georgia, California and Texas are the leading producers, accounting for about 60% of the total production...

  19. Performing the Immigrant: The Works of Calixthe Beyala and Fatou Diome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Kristen

    2014-01-01

    her adoles- cence in the city Douala and then to Paris as anto define her as a child in Douala. Their opposing views onhood in a slum outside of Douala, Cameroon in the first

  20. The Power of Immunization: The WHO and Global Immunization Programs from 1974 to the Present

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jafflin, Kristen Lucia Gray

    2013-01-01

    to four new areas: Douala (the largest city in Cameroon),between Yaoundé and Douala) and Guider (in the north of theor-less as planned. The Douala program never got off the

  1. Available at: http://publications.ictp.it IC/2010/025 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Condensed Matter Laboratory, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Douala, P.O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon and Laboratory of Mechanics, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University

  2. Ethnicity and the Working Class in Africa: Consciousness and Praxis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nnoli, Okwudiba

    1981-01-01

    December 15, 1951, UPC, Douala, cameroon, G. E. Lynd, op.series of wildcat strikes in Douala between September 21 andfor jobs. For example, the Douala of the coastal regions,

  3. Fermionic bound states on a one-dimensional lattice Jean-Pierre Nguenang1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flach, Sergej

    Laboratory: Group of Nonlinear Physics and Complex Systems, Department of Physics, University of Douala, P.O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon Received 8 May 2009; published 31 July 2009 We study bound states of two

  4. Available at: http://publications.ictp.it IC/2010/027 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Condensed Matter Laboratory, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Douala, P.O. Box 24157, Douala, Cameroon and Laboratory of Mechanics, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University

  5. Mambila traditional religion : Sua in Somie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeitlyn, David

    1990-01-30

    published as Zeitlyn 1989. Divination 12 NORTH SOUTH- WEST NORTH -WEST BAMENDA ADAMAOUA WEST BAFOUSSAM LITTORAL NGAOUNDERE YAOUND‰E SOUTH DOUALA EAST EXTREME -NORTH CENTRE BUEA BERTOUA EBOLOWA MAMBILA MAP 1.1 Fieldwork location. CAMEROON showing...

  6. A portrait of copy-number polymorphism in Drosophila melanogaster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dopman, Erik B.

    segments are the most distinguishing features characterizing divergence in ge- nome architecture between variation) within species drive these exceptional differences in genome architecture (4). Although from the United States (New York), West Africa (Cameroon), East Africa (Kenya), French Polynesia

  7. Pronominal System and Reference in Pulaar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ba, Ibrahima

    2015-12-20

    This paper examines pronominal reference and the long-distance anaphor in Pulaar, a West African language spoken from Senegal to Niger and Cameroon. I am focusing on Toore, a dialect of Pulaar spoken in southern Senegal. ...

  8. Global Population Genetics and Evolution of Invasive Biotypes in the Whitefly Complex Bemisia tabaci

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadjistylli, Margarita

    2010-01-01

    2 Cameroon 14 CanIsl-1 (Canary Islands) CanIsl-3 CanIsl-4Morocco, and the Canary Islands forming one cluster (Westernexisted in Spain and the Canary Islands, the already known B

  9. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Nigeria 2 Ghana 1 Cameroon 1 Zambia 1 Morocco 1 Ethiopia 2 Zimbabwe 1 South Africa 2 Malawi 1 Swaziland 1

  10. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 128 - - 18 22 Asian and African Area Studies 1 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2 Nigeria 2 Ghana 1 Cameroon 1 Zambia 1 Morocco 1 Ethiopia 2

  11. An Update on Avian Flu The virus continues to spread in wild birds and poultry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Myanmar, India, Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria-scale and statistically significant efficacy studies of anti-viral drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza against the H5N1 avian

  12. PERTURBATIONS OF VECTOR FIELDS ON TORI: RESONANT NORMAL FORMS AND DIOPHANTINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Partially supported by Volkswagen­Stiftung (RiP­program at Oberwolfach), by a Co­ ordinated Research Project of the University of Cagliari, by MURST, Italy, and by NFS, Bulgaria. Partially supported by Volkswagen­Stiftung (Ri

  13. COMPILATION OF CURRENT HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, R.L.; Particle Data Group

    2008-01-01

    PHI LADELPHI A. PA .. USA PISA. ITALY PITTSBURGH, PA . • USATEXAS. USA YAVNEH, ISRAEL PISA, ITALY sorrA, BULGARIA sorrA,OF PENNSYLVANIA UNIV. DI PISA UNIV. OF PITTSBURGH PRINCETON-

  14. COMPILATION OF CURRENT HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS - July 1976

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, R.L.

    2010-01-01

    PHI LADELPHI A. PA .. USA PISA. ITALY PITTSBURGH, PA . • USATEXAS. USA YAVNEH, ISRAEL PISA, ITALY sorrA, BULGARIA sorrA,OF PENNSYLVANIA UNIV. DI PISA UNIV. OF PITTSBURGH PRINCETON-

  15. COMPILATION OF CURRENT HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS July 1976

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, R.L.

    2012-01-01

    PHI LADELPHI A. PA .. USA PISA. ITALY PITTSBURGH, PA . • USATEXAS. USA YAVNEH, ISRAEL PISA, ITALY sorrA, BULGARIA sorrA,OF PENNSYLVANIA UNIV. DI PISA UNIV. OF PITTSBURGH PRINCETON-

  16. Export pedigrees issued in 2014 Utility Group 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacy, Bob

    4 Barbados 1 1 2 Belgium 1 1 7 2 3 1 2 2 2 1 1 23 Bermuda 1 1 2 Brazil 6 3 9 Bulgaria 1 1 Canada 1 1

  17. A new species of Chiasmognathus from Iran, with a note on Chiasmognathus aegyptiacus in Israel (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engel, Michael S.

    2008-01-01

    A new species of the rare cleptoparasitic bee genus Chiasmognathus ENGEL (Ammobatini) is described and figured from a female collected in northwestern Iran. Chiasmognathus rhag ae sp. n. is generally similar to C. orientanus (WARNCKE) (Bulgaria...

  18. GIS and Society: The Social Implications of How People, Space, and Environment Are Represented in GIS- Scientific Report for the Initiative 19 Specialist Meeting  (96-7)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Trevor; Weiner, Daniel

    1996-01-01

    Tribal implementation of GIS. Survival Quarterly, 49-51 lxxMikhova, D. and Pickles, J. GIS in Bulgaria: development andIntegrating social theory into GIS and GIS into social

  19. 2014 6 12 2014 8 1 2015 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goda, Keisuke

    24 #12;307 -- 2014.8.1. 2014.6.12. 1 Au Australia 307 Br Brasil 307 Bul Bulgaria 307 Ca European Economic Community D EIB European Investment Bank D FAO Food and Agriculture Organization D ILO

  20. Au Australia 307 Br Brasil 307

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goda, Keisuke

    307 -- 2014.8.1. 2014.6.12. 1 Au Australia 307 Br Brasil 307 Bul Bulgaria 307 Ca Canada Community D EIB European Investment Bank D FAO Food and Agriculture Organization D ILO International

  1. 2014 8 1 2015 5 counter@iss.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goda, Keisuke

    Brasil 307 Bul Bulgaria 307 Ca Canada 307 Ch China, Republic of D ChT China, Taiwan D Cs Czecho Central Bank D EEC European Economic Community D EIB European Investment Bank D FAO Food

  2. Consolidation of Democracy in Postcommunist Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandelj, Nina; Radu, Bogdan

    2006-01-01

    Bulgaria (1990-2002), Croatia (1992- 2002), Czech Republic (in 2001, while Romania and Croatia have yet to do so. Togovernment. In cases of Croatia during Tudjman’s presidency

  3. NUCLEAR INFORMATION AND RESOURCE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Green Policy Institute, Sofia, Bulgaria Ekograd Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia Arkzin d.o.o., Zagreb, Croatia Eko Kvarner, Njivice, Croatia CEE Bankwatch Network, Praha, Czech Republic South Bohemian Mothers

  4. Endogeneity analysis of output synchronization in the current and prospective EMU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arestis, Philip; Phelps, Peter

    2015-10-08

    criterion, namely the business cycle synchronization. If one considers the 2004, 2007 and 2013 EU acceding countries of Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland (2004), Bulgaria, Romania (2007) and Croatia (2013), which are all obliged to adopt the euro after... , Slovakia, Estonia and Lithuania. 2 EEMU includes, in addition to the aforementioned EMU countries, the following candidates: Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Romania. Collectively EMU member states are referred to as EMUs...

  5. GOVERNMENT RESPONSE TO SELF-DETERMINATION MOVEMENTS: A CASE STUDY COMPARISON IN INDIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hariharan, Pritha

    2014-12-31

    Bangladesh in 1971. The years after Independence through the 1950s were full of turmoil with protests and strikes in different parts of the country. Using the combination of an iron hand and the States Reorganization Act of 1956, the leaders of newly... international attention, other movements that are associated with multiple fatalities and human rights abuses are largely ignored. In the northeast, India shares borders with China to the north, Myanmar (Burma) to the east, Bangladesh to the southwest...

  6. P r o t e c t e d K a r s t Te r r i t o r i e s L i f e l o n g L e a r n i n g The upcoming successive Third international forum in Bulgaria, dedicated to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    ) in education and training: - Cognitive and academic-educational importance of PKT. Educational resources of PKT and education: - Modern scientific concepts in Karstology ­ place, role and importance for education and training. Integration between the scientific concept about karst geosystems and the educational concept

  7. Home About Us Contact Us News Case Studies CI World Media Centre Careers Investor Select Location

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In the forest sector, CI World can help improve environmental management and supply chain governance by: Helping The Government of Cameroon selects Helveta for national wood tracking system to combat illegal logging Helveta secures £5m investment in funding to support its rapid expansion in global forest and food sectors Videos

  8. Commercial Feeding Stuffs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carson, J.W.; Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1910-01-01

    the FAA to take action regarding bird ingestion standards for turbine-powered engines. A large number of incidents and accidents involving bird ingestion and blade failures have been reported since. To cite a few: in August 1984, at Douala, Cameroon...

  9. Evaluating the Interstate Highway Transportation System in West Africa: Recommendations for an Integrated Highway Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyang, Lamin Bumi

    2010-12-17

    of travel along West African highways. Research indicates that traveling on West Africa’s highways can be onerous. In 2003, the African Development Bank admitted that what should be a 3-day trip from Bangua, Central African Republic, to Douala, Cameroon...

  10. 9th World Wide Workshop for Young Environmental Scientists WWW-YES-Brazil-2009: Urban waters: resource or risks? 26-30 October 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    supply, sanitation and waste management facilities. Urban context of the Mingoa River watershed9th World Wide Workshop for Young Environmental Scientists WWW-YES-Brazil-2009: Urban waters on the Municipal Lake of Yaoundé, Cameroon Marielle Naah* *Laboratoire Eau Environnement et Systèmes Urbains (LEESU

  11. $UEHLWVJHPHLQVFKDIW IXU 5HJHQZDOG XQG $UWHQVFKXW] $5$ 'RZQ WR (DUWK (QYLURQPHQWDO 'HIHQVH (QYLURQPHQWDO ,QYHVWLJDWLRQ $JHQF\\ (,$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estimated % of illegal logging Indonesia 73%2 Cameroon 50%3 Brazil 80%4 Russia 20-50%5 Estonia 50%6 1 and export, mis-declaration to customs, or avoidance of taxes and other charges. There is no internationally

  12. Regional patterns of agricultural land use and deforestation in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Queensland, University of

    Science, School of Geography, Planning and Architecture, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072 Asia (e.g. Indonesia), tropical Africa (e.g. Cameroon), Latin America (e.g. Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador (2006) 369­386 * Corresponding author at: School of Geography, Planning and Architecture, Chamberlain

  13. Journal of Public Health in Africa 2012; volume 3:e19 [page 80] [Journal of Public Health in Africa 2012; 3:e19

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journal of Public Health in Africa 2012; volume 3:e19 [page 80] [Journal of Public Health in Africa in Cameroon, Africa Andrew W. Nelson,1,2,4 Leah M. Feazel,1,3,4,5 Charles E. Robertson,2 John R. Spear,1

  14. ANNUAL REPORT 2012 UCL Migration Research Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    in research on migration in different contexts including Zimbabwe, Cameroon, Mexico, South Africa, CanadaANNUAL REPORT 2012 UCL Migration Research Unit Migration Research Unit UCL DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY #12;Co-Directors' Report The UCL Migration Research Unit (MRU) was first established by John Salt

  15. Original Research Article A model for using self-organized agents to visually map environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Huosheng

    ); Nerve gas as in the 1991 Gulf War (Kang and Bullman, 1996) and carbon dioxide as in 1986 when the Lake Nyos in Cameroon released its underground storage of carbon dioxide. This led to the asphyxiation event occurred two years earlier when Lake Monoun released carbon dioxide resulting in the death of up

  16. The Historical and Symbolical Origin of the Chorten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govinda, Lama Anagarika

    1970-11-20

    character of Buddhism which is open to all the four quarters of the universe and invites all mankind with the call "Come and see I" , and which exhorts its followers to open their hearts to all that lives, while radiating love, compassion, sy mpathetk... or the Chorten, or its various eguivalcnts, like the dagobas (dhatu-garbha) of Ceylon or the pagodas (a reversal of the word dagoba) in Burma, Thailand and Indo­ China. 8 The cakra itsdf is a sun symbol. It was one of the attributes of the sun-god, either...

  17. Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 7 Number 3 : Full issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

    1970-11-20

    , while radiating love, compassion, sy mpathetk joy and equanjmity towards the whole world. The inner space between the stone railing and the stupa, as well as the circular terrace (medhi) at the base of the cupola were used as pradaksfna patha... , and by the cone-shaped Tree of Enlightenment which forms the spire of the stupa or the Chorten, or its various eguivalcnts, like the dagobas (dhatu-garbha) of Ceylon or the pagodas (a reversal of the word dagoba) in Burma, Thailand and Indo­ China. 8...

  18. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 578 (2007) 198206 A large acceptance scintillator detector with wavelength shifting fibre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magiera, Andrzej

    2007-01-01

    . Vankovaf,h , for the GEM Collaboration a Nuclear Physics Division, BARC, Mumbai 400 085, India b Centre for Design and Manufacture, BARC, Mumbai 400 085, India c Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy, Sofia, Bulgaria n Physics Department, Mumbai University, Vidyanagari, Mumbai, India o Fachbereich Physik

  19. Advanced Numerical Methods for Complex Environmental Models: Needs and Availability, 2013, 301-326 301 Istvn Farag, gnes Havasi and Zahari Zlatev (Eds.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimov, Ivan

    investigations related to air pollution in Bulgaria ([6, 7]), Denmark ([8-11]), England ([12]), Europe ([2, 4 been used in some inter-comparisons of European large-scale air pollution models ([20, 21]). Recently Publishers CHAPTER 4 Part C: Sensitivity of European Pollution Levels to Changes of Human-Made Emissions

  20. Computation of dose rate at flight altitudes during ground level enhancements no. 69, 70 and 71

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Usoskin, Ilya G.

    .L. Mishev a,c, , F. Adibpour b , I.G. Usoskin c,d , E. Felsberger b a Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria b Graz University of Technology, Austria c by solar energetic particles (SEP). Primary CR initiate a complicated nuclear-electro- magnetic

  1. PERFUMER&FLAVORISTVOL.34APRIL2009 Rose Oil in Kashmiri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    metric tons, with Bulgaria and Turkey being the major producers followed by Morocco, Egypt, China, Russia production. analyzed on an HP5971 MSD mass spectrometer, directly coupled to an HP 5890 gas chromatograph the following conditions: carrier gas, helium (He) at 30.5 cm/s (ca. 1 mL/min); 0.2 µL of 10% solution injected

  2. "Ark of Refugee Heirloom" -A Cultural Heritage Database1 E. Politou, I. Tsevremes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chamzas, Christodoulos

    "Ark of Refugee Heirloom" - A Cultural Heritage Database1 E. Politou, I. Tsevremes , A: technology. The "Ark of Refugee Heirloom" is a project of high cultural importance, since it aims that belong to refugees whose origins lay in regions of the Ottoman Empire, south Russia, Bulgaria and others

  3. INTERNATIONAL DATA Roaming Data Zones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    (including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla), Sweden, Switzerland, Vatican City (Italy) Zones 3 ­ 7 All Islands Guernsey, Jersey, Republic of Ireland, Isle of Man Zone 2 EE Business Zone Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus (South), Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland (including Aland Islands

  4. International workshop: Planning for climate change through integrated coastal management. Volume 2: Country and regional reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    This workshop included reports from the following countries: Argentina; Bulgaria; Egypt; Estonia; Fiji; Indonesia; Mozambique; Nigeria; Oman; The Philippines; Senegal; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Thailand; and Tuvalu; Regional reports were included on the following: Small Island Developing States of the Pacific; South Pacific Regional Environment Program; and Sea Level Rise Impacts on Central America.

  5. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    % of European imports against more than 80% in 1980, and represents only 6.5% of total primary energy supply, Security of Supply, Energy Policy, Bulgaria, EU JEL Classification L38; Q48; L5; L95; L98 Contact florent in the European Union, supply diversity is concentrated in large energy markets of Western Europe. Smaller

  6. LAW VII & ID 7th Linguistic Annotation Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Workshop August 8-9, 2013 Sofia, Bulgaria #12;Production and Manufacturing by Omnipress, Inc. 2600 Anderson Interest Group for Annotation (ACL SIGANN). It provides a forum to facilitate the exchange and propagation a two-day event which would reach out to both communities. Traditionally, the LAW features a theme

  7. The Zooarchaeology of the Late Neolithic Strymon (Struma) river valley: the case of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyatt, Lucy

    ) and Bulgaria (sector Topolnica) in the basin of the river Strymonas, Central Macedonia, have revealed a `flat Macedonia, along with the evidence from pottery decoration and structural features, suggests that - to some provided interesting insights into the diverse husbandry practices among Late Neolithic sites in Macedonia

  8. Tectonic evolution of the southwestern Black Sea margin, offshore Turkey 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Emrah

    1996-01-01

    to the Srednogorie intra-arc zone in Bulgaria. Following back-arc extension, the whole margin was affected by a compressional tectonic regime during Paleocene-early Eocene time. Under this regime, a series of thrust faults formed, which were connected to the Stara...

  9. Occasional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology - Volume 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Central Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

    2003-01-01

    ; and strategies for achieving a desired future. The very expression, ethnicity has gained currency rather recently. As enumerated by Glazer an Moynihan (1975), the term was used for the first time around 1953 and it took decade before the same could get regular... .D in Anthropology. Laya Upreti/ Participatory Action Research... 19 Indonesia, and the Philippines) and African countries (Ghana, Cameroon, Zimbabwe and Malawi) countries. The ACM research in Nepal was a formal collaboration of the Ministry of the Forests and Soil...

  10. Future world LNG trade looks good - part 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, P.J.

    1982-12-01

    Projects to deliver gas to Japan will increase Japan's volume of LNG by two-thirds while the share of projects directed toward Europe and the U.S. will decrease proportionately. Tables showing base-load LNG import projects under construction and possible projects are presented (e.g. Australia-Japan; Canada-Japan; Nigeria-Europe/US; Cameroons-Europe; Canadian Arctic-Europe), each of which is briefly discussed.

  11. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  12. Development of models for exchange of electronic documents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glavev, Victor

    2014-11-18

    The report presents a model for exchange of electronic documents between different government administrations. It defines electronic messages that are transmitted between them and the way that messages should be processed by software systems. The proposed approach is sufficiently general and allows use of the best applicable information technologies such as data presentation structures and communication protocols. Within the study, a simple implementation of the model is implemented and deployed in various government administrations in Republic of Bulgaria.

  13. Thwarting Successful Piracy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carchidi, Arielle 1990-

    2012-05-03

    ”, “Barbados”, “Belgium”, “Belize”, “Bermuda”, “Brazil”, “Bulgaria”, “Canary Islands”, “Cayman Islands”, “China”, “Comoros”, “Croatia”, “Cyprus”, “Denmark”, “Dominica”, “Ecuador”, “Egypt”, “Ethiopia”, “France”, “Germany”, “Gibraltar”, “Greece”, “Honduras....9960 14.7403 0.9957 0 Canary Islands 4.6349 0.9986 5.0807 0.9987 14.6568 0.9965 15.4434 0.9963 0 Cayman Islands 8.8093 0.9947 3.3827 0.9966 9.5159 0.9965 9...

  14. The Role of Language in the Creation of Identity: Myths in Linguistics among the Peoples of the Former Yugoslavia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Marc L.

    2006-05-23

    Federal Republic of Macedonia and is now the state language of the independent Republic of Macedonia (also known as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia). In addition, significant non-Slavic minorities are settled among the Slavic population... 1: The former Yugoslavia Greece Bosnia & Herzegovina Slovenia Croatia Serbia Montenegro Macedonia Vojvodina Kosova Ljubljana Zagreb Split Sarajevo Belgrade Ni? Prishtina Podgorica Skopje Hungary Austria Italy Bulgaria...

  15. European Union Data Protection Law and Media Expression: Fundamentally Off Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdos, David O.

    2015-06-16

    The laws of three countries (*Croatia, *Czech Republic and *Spain) provide no media derogation at all from any part of the data protection scheme. All these countries are therefore placed in category a/1 in relation to each data protection provision... the availability of media derogations in relation to all of the above principles. The law of some eighteen jurisdictions (Belgium, *Bulgaria, *Croatia, Cyprus, *Czech Republic, *Estonia, Greece, Hungary, *Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands...

  16. The Origin and Early Cultivation of Sorghums in Africa. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mann, J.A.; Kimber, C.T.; Miller, F.R.

    1983-01-01

    climatic change may have been desertification caused by over gra~ing. As the expansion and contraction of the savanna and semi-desert steppe regions north of the equator took place, the most advantageous habitats would have also moved north and south...-Bantu) from the area of eastern Nigeria and northern Cameroon through the forests to Katanga, and later on to East Africa. The proto-Bantu were a Negroid stock closely related to the Niger-Congo peopl (if not actually of that stock). While originally...

  17. Party Politics and Revolution: Stabilization and Insurrection 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halbert, Cameron Milton

    2014-09-24

    SLA 1 0 1 Argentina 1974-1977 PRT/ERP 0 1 1 Bolivia 1967 ELN 0 1 1 Cameroon 1961 UPC 0 1 1 Myanmar 1948-1988 CPB 0 1 1 Nepal 1960-1962 NC 0 1 1 Pakistan 1990, 1995-1996 MQM 0 1 1 Peru 1963-1965 MIR 0 1 1 Cambodia 1967-1969 KR 0 0 0 Central... support from the US and Argentina and was able to turn around from certain defeat to certain victory. This leads me to the point that external states may tend to sympathize with one side or the other, leading to different strategies for the insurrection...

  18. Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

  19. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  20. Oilfields of the World. Third edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiratsoo, E.N.

    1985-01-01

    This third edition (updated to 1984) covers all of the world's major producing areas (both onshore and offshore) on six continents. It offers essential geologic, reserves, and production data on 13 nations that have become commercial oil producers in the last five years: Benin, Cameroon, Congo Republic, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sudan, Zaire, Greece, The Phillippines, Sharjah, Thailand, Guatemala, and Surinam. Numerous maps display the geologic details of each area. This book also contains full-color maps of the oil and gas fields of the North Sea, Persian Gulf, Mexico, Venezuela, and Brazil.

  1. Institutions and the Volatility Curse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leong, Weishu; Mohaddes, Kamiar

    2011-07-10

    and 12 can be found in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Our sample also includes 32 out of the 34 OECD countries and 8 out of the 12 of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Thus our sample is very comprehensive... -Bissau Netherlands Tanzania Cameroon Guyana New Zealand Thailand Canada Haiti Nicaragua Togo Central African Rep. Honduras Niger Trinidad and Tobago Chad Hungary Nigeria Tunisia Chile India Norway Turkey China, People?s Rep. of Indonesia Oman Uganda Colombia Iran, I...

  2. Interview with Bernd Lambert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lambert, Bernd

    2005-01-01

    typical immigrant story; original surname was Levi; while in Japan encouraged to change name to Lambert; sister born 1936 in Sofia; while in Europe the family spoke German though sister and I learnt Bulgarian when we started school; in America we children... said in a streetcar, in German, that the Germans had come to Bulgaria to help the Italians who were being defeated by the Greeks; there were some German soldiers on the streetcar and father grabbed sister under his arm and jumped off and ran up...

  3. CMV and Immunosenescence: from basics to clinics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solana, Rafael; Tarazona, Raquel; Aiello, Allison E.; Akbar, Arne N.; Appay, Victor; Beswick, Mark; Bosch, Jos A.; Campos, Carmen; Cantisán, Sara; Cicin-Sain, Luka; Derhovanessian, Evelyna; Ferrando-Martínez, Sara; Frasca, Daniela; Fulöp, Tamas; Govind, Sheila; Grubeck-Loebenstein, Beatrix; Hill, Ann; Hurme, Mikko; Kern, Florian; Larbi, Anis; López-Botet, Miguel; Maier, Andrea B.; McElhaney, Janet E.; Moss, Paul; Naumova, Elissaveta; Nikolich-Zugich, Janko; Pera, Alejandra; Rector, Jerrald L.; Riddell, Natalie; Sanchez-Correa, Beatriz; Sansoni, Paolo; Sauce, Delphine; van Lier, Rene; Wang, George C.; Wills, Mark R.; Zieli?ski, Maciej; Pawelec, Graham

    2012-10-31

    , University of Alexandrovska, Sofia, Bulgaria. Department of Immunobiology and the Arizona Center on Aging, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, 8. Wang GC, Dash P, McCullers JA, Doherty PC, Thomas PG: T cell receptor alphabeta diversity... , Canada. 22Department of Clinical Immunology, University Hospital 237. Smithey MJ, Li G, Venturi MP, Davenport MP, Nikolich-Zugich J: Life-long persistent viral infection alters the naïve T-cell pool, impairing CD8 T-cell immunity in late life. J Immunol...

  4. International bibliography of vegetation maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ku?chler, A. W. (August William)

    1965-01-01

    372 Albania 24 Iceland 397 Andorra 27 Italy .400 Austria 28 Luxembourg 421 Belgium 60 Netherlands 423 British. Isles 89 Norway ...446 Bulgaria 149 Poland 447 Czechoslovakia 152 Portugal 458 Denmark 173 Rumania .467 Finland 176 San Marino 489..., NORWAY AND FINLAND" in color 1:10,600,000 LEGEND 1. Conifers 3. Mixed conifers and hardwods 2. Hardwoods ZON, RAPHAEL and WILLIAM N. SPARHAWK 1923 Forest resources of the world. New York, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., vol. 1, facing p. 102. 1925...

  5. Plant maintenance and plant life extension issue, 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

    2007-03-15

    The focus of the March-April issue is on plant maintenance and plant life extension. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Three proposed COLs expected in 2007, by Dale E. Klein, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Delivering behaviors that our customers value, by Jack Allen, Westinghouse Electric Company; Facilitating high-level and fuel waste disposal technologies, by Malcolm Gray, IAEA, Austria; Plant life management and long-term operation, by Pal Kovacs, OECD-NEA, France; Measuring control rod position, by R. Taymanov, K. Sapozhnikova, I. Druzhinin, D.I. Mendeleyev, Institue for Metrology, Russia; and, 'Modernization' means higher safety, by Svetlana Genova, Kozluduy NPP plc, Bulgaria.

  6. Philosophy at Cambridge, Newsletter of the Faculty of Philosophy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lecky-Thompson, Jenni

    higher in countries where they charge and there are alternative approaches). “Cancer patients in the UK have poorer survival rates than in Bulgaria”. (We don’t know: in the UK we follow patients up better and know how long they live). “What about “demand... with a second youth. Many factors contributed to its resurgence, but one important event through which the Zeitgeist channeled its energies was the publication of a work by the Princeton philosopher David Lewis: On the Plurality of Worlds (OUP, 1986...

  7. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  8. Test of two hypotheses explaining the size of populations in a system of cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitanov, Nikolay K

    2015-01-01

    Two classical hypotheses are examined about the population growth in a system of cities: Hypothesis 1 pertains to Gibrat's and Zipf's theory which states that the city growth-decay process is size independent; Hypothesis 2 pertains to the so called Yule process which states that the growth of populations in cities happens when (i) the distribution of the city population initial size obeys a log-normal function, (ii) the growth of the settlements follows a stochastic process. The basis for the test is some official data on Bulgarian cities at various times. This system was chosen because (i) Bulgaria is a country for which one does not expect biased theoretical conditions; (ii) the city populations were determined rather precisely. The present results show that: (i) the population size growth of the Bulgarian cities is size dependent, whence Hypothesis 1 is not confirmed for Bulgaria; (ii) the population size growth of Bulgarian cities can be described by a double Pareto log-normal distribution, whence Hypothe...

  9. Marginal cost of natural gas in developing countries: concepts and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mashayekhi, A.

    1983-01-01

    Many developing nations are facing complex questions regarding the best strategy for developing their domestic gas reserves. The World Bank has addressed these questions in studies on the cost and prices of gas and its optimal allocation among different markets. Based on the average incremental method, an estimate of the marginal cost of natural gas in 10 developing countries proved to be $0.61-1.79/1000 CF or $3.59-10.54/bbl of oil equivalent, far below the border prices of competing fuels in these nations. Moreover, the cost of gas is not expected to rise in these countries within the next 20 years while the reserves/production ratios remain high. The sample involves a variety of gas compositions and production conditions among the countries of Bangladesh, Cameroon, Egypt, India, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Thailand, and Tunisia.

  10. Central and southern Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1981-10-01

    Exploration in central and southern Africa continued to expand during 1980. The greatest concentration of activity was in Nigeria. However, there was considerable increase in the level of exploratory work in Cameroon and Congo. Significant new finds have been made in Ivory Coast. Geological and geophysical activity was carried out in 18 of the countries, with those in the western part having the largest share. Seismic work involved 225 party months of operation. Most of this time was spent on land, but marine operations accounted for 73,389 km of new control. Gravity and magnetic data were recorded during the marine surveys, and several large aeromagnetic projects were undertaken to obtain a total of 164,498 line km of data. Exploratory and development drilling accounted for a total of 304 wells and 2,605,044 ft (794,212 m) of hole. The 92 exploratory wells that were drilled resulted in 47 oil and gas discoveries. In development drilling 89% of the 212 wells were successful. At the end of the year, 27 exploratory wells were underway, and 34 development wells were being drilled for a total of 61. Oil production from the countries that this review covers was 918,747,009 bbl in 1980, a drop of about 9% from the previous year. Countries showing a decline in production were Nigeria, Gabon, Cabinda, and Zaire. Increases were recorded in Cameroon, Congo, and Ghana. A new country was added to the list of producers when production from the Belier field in Ivory Coast came on stream. 33 figures, 15 tables.

  11. Long-term photometry of the Wolf-Rayet stars WR 137, WR 140, WR 148, and WR 153

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kyril P. Panov; Martin Altmann; Wilhelm Seggewiss

    2000-02-10

    In 1991, a long term UBV-photometry campaign of four Wolf-Rayet stars was started using the 60 cm telescope of the National Astronomical Observatory Rozhen, Bulgaria. Here we report on our observational results and discuss the light variations. The star WR 137 showed only random light variations, which are probably due to dynamical wind instabilities but not to eclipses. WR 140 featured a dip in the light curve, the amplitude increasing towards shorter wavelengths. The probable cause is electron and Rayleigh scattering when the star was eclipsed by a dust envelope. In the case of WR 148 we found a period of 4.3 days and significant scatter in the light curves. Additionally there seems to be a long term variation with a period of 4 years. Our photometry of WR 153 is consistent with the quadruple model for this star.

  12. Sources of black carbon aerosols in South Asia and surrounding regions during the Integrated Campaign for Aerosols, Gases and Radiation Budget (ICARB)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kumar, R.; Barth, M. C.; Nair, V. S.; Pfister, G. G.; Suresh Babu, S.; Satheesh, S. K.; Moorthy, K. Krishna; Carmichael, G. R.; Lu, Z.; Streets, D. G.

    2015-05-19

    This study examines differences in the surface black carbon (BC) aerosol loading between the Bay of Bengal (BoB) and the Arabian Sea (AS) and identifies dominant sources of BC in South Asia and surrounding regions during March–May 2006 (Integrated Campaign for Aerosols, Gases and Radiation Budget, ICARB) period. A total of 13 BC tracers are introduced in the Weather Research and Forecasting Model coupled with Chemistry to address these objectives. The model reproduced the temporal and spatial variability of BC distribution observed over the AS and the BoB during the ICARB ship cruise and captured spatial variability at the inlandmore »sites. In general, the model underestimates the observed BC mass concentrations. However, the model–observation discrepancy in this study is smaller compared to previous studies. Model results show that ICARB measurements were fairly well representative of the AS and the BoB during the pre-monsoon season. Elevated BC mass concentrations in the BoB are due to 5 times stronger influence of anthropogenic emissions on the BoB compared to the AS. Biomass burning in Burma also affects the BoB much more strongly than the AS. Results show that anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions, respectively, accounted for 60 and 37% of the average ± standard deviation (representing spatial and temporal variability) BC mass concentration (1341 ± 2353 ng m-3) in South Asia. BC emissions from residential (61%) and industrial (23%) sectors are the major anthropogenic sources, except in the Himalayas where vehicular emissions dominate. We find that regional-scale transport of anthropogenic emissions contributes up to 25% of BC mass concentrations in western and eastern India, suggesting that surface BC mass concentrations cannot be linked directly to the local emissions in different regions of South Asia.« less

  13. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  14. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  15. Enigmatic compressional structures in an extensional province: Eku field, OML 67, offshore Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinones, M.; Evans, R. (Mobil Technology Co., Dallas, TX (United States)); Alofe, K.; Onyeise, B. (Mobil Producing Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria))

    1996-01-01

    Acquisition of 3-D seismic data over OML 67-70 and a detailed reservoir description study done on the Eku field, have allowed identification of previously unrecognized compressional features. Situated within a depocenter between arcuate normal growth faults, the Eku structure consists of a shale-cored anticlinal fold and fold-and-thrust separated by a zone of lateral displacement. The crests of the folds have been eroded at a major unconformity at the base of the Qua Iboe shale (Early Pliocene). In the absence of definitive biostratigraphic data, correlations among the various fault-blocks are based on the character of sedimentary packages and sequences on wireline logs. Combined with analysis of the geometry of faults and folds, the correlations support a description of pulsatory movement of folding and faulting, that ultimately culminated in extensional reactivation of earlier regional extension and the not coincident. The effect of the anticipated reservoir sections, and deformation, both compressional, was gravity-driven and on shale detachments. A working hypothesis to explain the disparity in direction of earlier extension and subsequent compression is that thermal expansion that accompanied formation of the Cameroon volcanic line to the east of the Niger Delta in Miocene time, caused a change in the direction of structuring, allowing downslope gravity-driven compression to be superimposed on pre-existing extensional features.

  16. Optical and Radio Variability of BL Lacertae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaur, Haritma; Bachev, R; Strigachev, A; Semkov, E; Wiita, Paul J; Volvach, A E; Gu, Minfeng; Agarwal, A; Agudo, I; Aller, M F; Aller, H D; Kurtanidze, O M; Kurtanidze, S O; Lahteenmaki, A; Peneva, S; Nikolashvili, M G; Sigua, L A; Tornikoski, M; Volvach, L N

    2015-01-01

    We observed the prototype blazar, BL Lacertae, extensively in optical and radio bands during an active phase in the period 2010--2013 when the source showed several prominent outbursts. We searched for possible correlations and time lags between the optical and radio band flux variations using multifrequency data to learn about the mechanisms producing variability. During an active phase of BL Lacertae, we searched for possible correlations and time lags between multifrequency light curves of several optical and radio bands. We tried to estimate any possible variability timescales and inter-band lags in these bands. We performed optical observations in B, V, R and I bands from seven telescopes in Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece and India and obtained radio data at 36.8, 22.2, 14.5, 8 and 4.8 GHz frequencies from three telescopes in Ukraine, Finland and USA. Significant cross-correlations between optical and radio bands are found in our observations with a delay of cm-fluxes with respect to optical ones of ~250 days...

  17. IPIRG-2 task 1 - pipe system experiments with circumferential cracks in straight-pipe locations. Final report, September 1991--November 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, P.; Olson, R.; Marschall, C.; Rudland, D. [and others

    1997-02-01

    This report presents the results from Task 1 of the Second International Piping Integrity Research Group (IPIRG-2) program. The IPIRG-2 program is an international group program managed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC) and funded by a consortium of organizations from 15 nations including: Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Lithuania, Republic of China, Slovak Republic, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The objective of the program was to build on the results of the IPIRG-1 and other related programs by extending the state-of-the-art in pipe fracture technology through the development of data needed to verify engineering methods for assessing the integrity of nuclear power plant piping systems that contain defects. The IPIRG-2 program included five main tasks: Task 1 - Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds Task 2 - Fracture of Flawed Fittings Task 3 - Cyclic and Dynamic Load Effects on Fracture Toughness Task 4 - Resolution of Issues From IPIRG-1 and Related Programs Task 5 - Information Exchange Seminars and Workshops, and Program Management. The scope of this report is to present the results from the experiments and analyses associated with Task 1 (Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds). The rationale and objectives of this task are discussed after a brief review of experimental data which existed after the IPIRG-1 program.

  18. Multi-band optical-NIR variability of blazars on diverse timescales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agarwal, Aditi; Bachev, R; Strigachev, A; Semkov, E; Wiita, Paul J; Bottcher, M; Boeva, S; Gaur, H; Gu, M F; Peneva, S; Ibryamov, S; Pandey, U S

    2015-01-01

    To search for optical variability on a wide range of timescales, we have carried out photometric monitoring of two flat spectrum radio quasars, 3C 454.3 and 3C 279, plus one BL Lac, S5 0716+714, all of which have been exhibiting remarkably high activity and pronounced variability at all wavelengths. CCD magnitudes in B, V, R and I pass-bands were determined for $\\sim$ 7000 new optical observations from 114 nights made during 2011 - 2014, with an average length of $\\sim$ 4 h each, at seven optical telescopes: four in Bulgaria, one in Greece, and two in India. We measured multiband optical flux and colour variations on diverse timescales. Discrete correlation functions were computed among B, V, R, and I observations, to search for any time delays. We found weak correlations in some cases with no significant time lags. The structure function method was used to estimate any characteristic time-scales of variability. We also investigated the spectral energy distribution of the three blazars using B, V, R, I, J and...

  19. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1984-10-01

    All exploratory activity in central and southern Africa decreased in 1983, reflecting world economic conditions and excess productive capacity. Seismic activity has declined sharply from its peak year of 1981. Land operations suffered the greatest drop in 1983, whereas party-months of marine work increased slightly. 3-D recording continued to be used but at a reduced rate compared with 1982. Large aeromagnetic surveys were made in several countries; however, the coverage was less than in 1982. Gravity continues to be used to supplement other geophysical work, but other exploratory techniques are being used infrequently. Total wells drilled dropped from 464 in 1982 to 387 in 1983. Most of the decline was in exploratory drilling, which dropped from 132 to 86 wells. This was reflected in the number of discoveries, which decreased from 48 to 27 while the success rate continued about the same. Development drilling continued at a high level in Cameroon and Congo, whereas in Nigeria the emphasis shifted to the drilling of appraisal wells. In all, 2,937,708 ft (895,643 m) of hole was drilled, a decrease of about 20% from 1982. Oil production of 673,075,667 bbl in 1983 was an increase of 1.7% over 1982's production, bringing cumulative production to over 12 billion bbl. Marked increases in production were recorded in Cabinda, Ivory Coast, and Congo. Production from Nigerian fields continued to dominate this part of the world as they contributed about 67% of the annual production and 75% of the cumulative production. 44 figures, 15 tables.

  20. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1982-11-01

    Exploratory activity in central and southern Africa continued to grow during 1981. Geophysical operations reached nearly record levels and the number of wells increased markedly. Oil production suffered from the adverse conditions that existed throughout the world and dropped by a significant amount. New Concession acquisitions occurred in several of the countries in northeast Africa. Elsewhere, the operating companies negotiated new concessions and renewed those that were expiring. In several countries where production has been proven, the operators were assigned exploitation concessions. Seismic crews and marine geophysical vessels were active throughout the countries in this area. A total of 365 party-months of work was done to yield 98,035 km of new lines. A moderate amount of 3-D recording was carried out in connection with field development. Some aeromagnetic work was done, principally in northeast Africa and in Mozambique. Forty-four new fields or pools were discovered by drilling 115 new-field wildcat and exploratory wells. These wells accounted for 1,060,254 ft (323,248 m) of hole. Appraisal and development drilling resulted in 321 wells with a total of 2,533,305 ft (772,349 m) of hole drilled. At year end, 25 exploratory wells were under way or resting, and 49 rigs were active in development drilling. Oil production for the year was 691,995,939 bbl, a decrease of nearly 25% from 1980. Nigeria suffered the greatest drop in production; however, increases were achieved in Cameroon, Congo, and Zaire. The cumulative production from this part of Africa passed the 10 billion bbl mark.

  1. Leakage and Sepage of CO2 from Geologic Carbon SequestrationSites: CO2 Migration into Surface Water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oldenburg, Curt M.; Lewicki, Jennifer L.

    2005-06-17

    Geologic carbon sequestration is the capture of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and its storage in deep geologic formations. One of the concerns of geologic carbon sequestration is that injected CO{sub 2} may leak out of the intended storage formation, migrate to the near-surface environment, and seep out of the ground or into surface water. In this research, we investigate the process of CO{sub 2} leakage and seepage into saturated sediments and overlying surface water bodies such as rivers, lakes, wetlands, and continental shelf marine environments. Natural CO{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} fluxes are well studied and provide insight into the expected transport mechanisms and fate of seepage fluxes of similar magnitude. Also, natural CO{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} fluxes are pervasive in surface water environments at levels that may mask low-level carbon sequestration leakage and seepage. Extreme examples are the well known volcanic lakes in Cameroon where lake water supersaturated with respect to CO{sub 2} overturned and degassed with lethal effects. Standard bubble formation and hydrostatics are applicable to CO{sub 2} bubbles in surface water. Bubble-rise velocity in surface water is a function of bubble size and reaches a maximum of approximately 30 cm s{sup -1} at a bubble radius of 0.7 mm. Bubble rise in saturated porous media below surface water is affected by surface tension and buoyancy forces, along with the solid matrix pore structure. For medium and fine grain sizes, surface tension forces dominate and gas transport tends to occur as channel flow rather than bubble flow. For coarse porous media such as gravels and coarse sand, buoyancy dominates and the maximum bubble rise velocity is predicted to be approximately 18 cm s{sup -1}. Liquid CO{sub 2} bubbles rise slower in water than gaseous CO{sub 2} bubbles due to the smaller density contrast. A comparison of ebullition (i.e., bubble formation) and resulting bubble flow versus dispersive gas transport for CO{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} at three different seepage rates reveals that ebullition and bubble flow will be the dominant form of gas transport in surface water for all but the smallest seepage fluxes or shallowest water bodies. The solubility of the gas species in water plays a fundamental role in whether ebullition occurs. We used a solubility model to examine CO{sub 2} solubility in waters with varying salinity as a function of depth below a 200 m-deep surface water body. In this system, liquid CO{sub 2} is stable between the deep regions where supercritical CO{sub 2} is stable and the shallow regions where gaseous CO{sub 2} is stable. The transition from liquid to gaseous CO{sub 2} is associated with a large change in density, with corresponding large change in bubble buoyancy. The solubility of CO{sub 2} is lower in high-salinity waters such as might be encountered in the deep subsurface. Therefore, as CO{sub 2} migrates upward through the deep subsurface, it will likely encounter less saline water with increasing capacity to dissolve CO{sub 2} potentially preventing ebullition, depending on the CO{sub 2} leakage flux. However, as CO{sub 2} continues to move upward through shallower depths, CO{sub 2} solubility in water decreases strongly leading to greater likelihood of ebullition and bubble flow in surface water. In the case of deep density-stratified lakes in which ebullition is suppressed, enhanced mixing and man-made degassing schemes can alleviate the buildup of CO{sub 2} and related risk of dangerous rapid discharges. Future research efforts are needed to increase understanding of CO{sub 2} leakage and seepage in surface water and saturated porous media. For example, we recommend experiments and field tests of CO{sub 2} migration in saturated systems to formulate bubble-driven water-displacement models and relative permeability functions that can be used in simulation models.