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1

The organizational evolution of OSS detachment 101 in Burma; 1942-1945  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE ORGANIZATIONAL EVOLUTION OF OSS DETACHMENT 101 IN BURMA, 1942-1945 A Dissertation by TROY JAMES SACQUETY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2008 Major Subject: History THE ORGANIZATIONAL EVOLUTION OF OSS DETACHMENT 101 IN BURMA, 1942-1945 A Dissertation by TROY JAMES SACQUETY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

Sacquety, Troy James

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

The Ecology and Conservation of the Critically Endangered Cross River Gorilla in Cameroon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

draw conservation funds from ecotourism, Cameroon’s lack ofof the ever-growing African ecotourism market prevent such a

Sawyer, Sarah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Cost Curves for Gas Supply Security: The Case of Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Interconnections: 8.64 7.92 14 - 5 Figure 2. Structure of gas consumption by sector, Bulgaria (2007) Figure 3. Structure of heat generation by fuel type, Bulgaria (2007) Figure 4. Electricity generation mix, Bulgaria (2007) Chemical industry 31... to put the vertical dotted line). The government may want to insure the gas consumption of some specific categories of customers, the interruption of which Cost per unit of peak gas consumption insured (m€/mcm/day) Cumulative level of peak gas...

Silve, Florent; Noël, Pierre

4

Cameroon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahan Divide Wind EnergyEnergyCameroon: Energy

5

Options for Bulgaria power system extension planning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under the existing transition to market economy in Bulgaria, the planning of development of electricity generation is among the priorities of the national policy of restructuring and renovation of electricity system in the country. Optimal plans for development of the generation capacity are worked out by means of optimization procedure part of ENPEP package (ELECTRIC module) based on the dynamic programming technique. The optimal plans study three main strategies for development of energy capacities, which have to do with the priority of some type of natural resources--Coal, Natural Gas and Nuclear Energy. The Hydro Power Plant construction and loading schedule for each scenario is different and it harmonized with the maneuverability of other capacities. Coal scenario emphasizes the opportunities for the maximizing of local coal mining, substitution of black coal (energy and coke) import by mining of local coal fields and implementation of efficient and environmentally sound technologies when constructing new thermal power plants. Gas scenario envisages natural gas consumption within the limit of existing capacities of the national and transit pipelines. In this connection, the share of the new generating capacities using combined cycle increases their share. Nuclear scenario assumes increased share of the nuclear units at the expense of local coal mining and natural gas. This is due to the rehabilitation of 1,000 MW units in NPP Kozloduy, completion of a 1,000 MW unit in new NPP and construction of 1--2 new units 600 MW after 2010. The data obtained outlines the perspectives for development of energy generation capacities in Bulgaria for the period 2000--2020, tendencies in the generation structure and the share of each different type of generation units in the structure of electricity generation system. Output information serves as a sound base for conclusions on the advantages and disadvantages of the three strategies.

Vassilev, C.; Christov, C.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

BCI 2007, Sofia, Bulgaria Nikolina Ilieva Nikolova 263  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Sciences, 52, Bigla Str., 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria e-mail: nnikolova@npmg.org The Innovative Didactics via web Didactics via Web Based Learning project was started. It was initiated as a Socrates European program project, supported by the Minerva subprogram [4]. The project Innovative Didactics via Web Based Learning

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

7

Preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes, Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes, Bulgaria M. Stefanova, O. Maman, B, Orleans Cedex 2, France Abstract Contents of preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes were determined. Phenol aldehydes, ketones and acids released from lignin by CuO oxidative

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

8

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria cameroon egypt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

egypt Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: algeria cameroon egypt Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Algeria Gambia Nigeria Angola Ghana...

9

Passive solar systems performance under conditions in Bulgaria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents energy performance of 12 passive solar systems for three climatically different zones of Bulgaria. The results are compared with a base-case residential house that has a design typical for these areas. The different passive solar systems are compared on the basis of the percentage of solar savings and the yield, which is the annual net benefit of adding the passive solar system. The analyses are provided based on monthly meteorological data, and the method used for calculations is the Solar Load Ratio. Recommendations for Bulgarian conditions are given. 5 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Lekov, A.B.; Balcomb, J.D.

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

The pathogenic potential of endophytic Botryosphaeriaceous fungi on Terminalia species in Cameroon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pathogenic potential of endophytic Botryosphaeriaceous fungi on Terminalia species in Cameroon are endophytic fungi and latent pathogens that can result in wood stain, cankers, die-back and death of trees the Botryosphaeriaceae occurring as endophytes of Terminalia spp. in Cameroon, as part of a larger project to identify

11

Tulenovo field holds key to new drilling in Bulgaria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tulenovo oil field is located on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast, 60 km northeast of the port of Varna and 25 km south of the Romanian border. The accumulation, second largest in Bulgaria, has several unusual technical features: shallow depth ({+-}350 m); cavernous porosity, giving excellent reservoir quality, oil recovery, and production flow rates; an effective chalk seal; controversial and unproven source rock; a secondary gas cap; and extensive well coverage yielding detailed reservoir data. The field`s gas cap is reported to contain 94% methane and > 5% nitrogen. The gas is not in equilibrium with the underlying oil and is interpreted to represent a secondary feature resulting from more recent thermal or biogenic gas generation. Carbon isotope analysis of the gas is not available to resolve this matter. The most likely source of the gas is the fore-deep to the Balkan mountains (the Kamchia depression), located south of the field. The paper describes the reservoir, its seal, oil and gas characteristics, structure, production performance, and development plans.

Bottomley, S.; Pritchard, G. [Balkan Explorers (Bulgaria) Ltd., London (United Kingdom)

1998-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

12

Fresh and Spent Nuclear Fuel Repatriation from the IRT-2000 Research Reactor Facility, Sofia, Bulgaria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The IRT 2000 research reactor, operated by the Bulgarian Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (INRNE), safely shipped all of their Russian-origin nuclear fuel from the Republic of Bulgaria to the Russian Federation beginning in 2003 and completing in 2008. These fresh and spent fuel shipments removed all highly enriched uranium (HEU) from Bulgaria. The fresh fuel was shipped by air in December 2003 using trucks and a commercial cargo aircraft. One combined spent fuel shipment of HEU and low enriched uranium (LEU) was completed in July 2008 using high capacity VPVR/M casks transported by truck, barge, and rail. The HEU shipments were assisted by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) and the LEU spent fuel shipment was funded by Bulgaria. This report describes the work, approvals, organizations, equipment, and agreements required to complete these shipments and concludes with several major lessons learned.

K. J. Allen; T. G. Apostolov; I. S. Dimitrov

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Dissolved oxygen in the River Mesta (Bulgaria): a case study for qualitative modelling of sustainable development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of sustainable development Yordan Uzunov1 , Tim Nuttle2 , Elena Nakova1 and Emilia Varadinova1 1 Central reasoning model of sustainable development issues in the River Mesta, Bulgaria, following a standardized knowledge about biological and physical processes in the stream as well as impacts of external influences

Bailey-Kellogg, Chris

14

RUSSIAN-ORIGIN HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL SHIPMENT FROM BULGARIA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In July 2008, the Global Threat Reduction Initiative and the IRT 2000 research reactor in Sofia, Bulgaria, operated by the Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (INRNE), safely shipped 6.4 kilograms of Russian origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel (SNF) to the Russian Federation. The shipment, which resulted in the removal of all HEU from Bulgaria, was conducted by truck, barge, and rail modes of transport across two transit countries before reaching the final destination at the Production Association Mayak facility in Chelyabinsk, Russia. This paper describes the work, equipment, organizations, and approvals that were required to complete the spent fuel shipment and provides lessons learned that might assist other research reactor operators with their own spent nuclear fuel shipments.

Kelly Cummins; Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Tihomir Apostolov; Ivaylo Dimitrov

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Safety Assessment for the Kozloduy National Disposal Facility in Bulgaria - 13507  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to the early decommissioning of four Water-Water Energy Reactors (WWER) 440-V230 reactors at the Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) near the city of Kozloduy in Bulgaria, large amounts of low and intermediate radioactive waste will arise much earlier than initially scheduled. In or-der to manage the radioactive waste from the early decommissioning, Bulgaria has intensified its efforts to provide a near surface disposal facility at Radiana with the required capacity. To this end, a project was launched and assigned in international competition to a German-Spanish consortium to provide the complete technical planning including the preparation of the Intermediate Safety Assessment Report. Preliminary results of operational and long-term safety show compliance with the Bulgarian regulatory requirements. The long-term calculations carried out for the Radiana site are also a good example of how analysis of safety assessment results can be used for iterative improvements of the assessment by pointing out uncertainties and areas of future investigations to reduce such uncertainties in regard to the potential radiological impact. The computer model used to estimate the long-term evolution of the future repository at Radiana predicted a maximum total annual dose for members of the critical group, which is carried to approximately 80 % by C-14 for a specific ingestion pathway. Based on this result and the outcome of the sensitivity analysis, existing uncertainties were evaluated and areas for reasonable future investigations to reduce these uncertainties were identified. (authors)

Biurrun, E.; Haverkamp, B. [DBE TECHNOLOGY GmbH, Eschenstr. 55, D-31224 Peine (Germany)] [DBE TECHNOLOGY GmbH, Eschenstr. 55, D-31224 Peine (Germany); Lazaro, A.; Miralles, A. [Westinghouse Electric Spain SAR, Padilla 17, E-28006 Madrid (Spain)] [Westinghouse Electric Spain SAR, Padilla 17, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Stefanova, I. [SERAW, 52 A Dimitrov Blvd, 6 Fl., 1797 Sofia (Bulgaria)] [SERAW, 52 A Dimitrov Blvd, 6 Fl., 1797 Sofia (Bulgaria)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Radioactive Releases Impact from Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant, Bulgaria into the Environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to present a general overview of the radioactive releases impact generated by Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP), Bulgaria to the environment and public. The liquid releases presented are known as the so called controlled water discharges, that are generated after reprocessing of the inevitable accumulated liquid radioactive waste in the plant operation process. The radionuclides containing in the liquid releases are given in the paper as a result of systematic measuring. Database for radiation doses evaluation on the public around Kozloduy NPP site is developed using IAEA LADTAP computerized program. The computer code LADTAP represents realization of a model that evaluates the public dose as a result of NPP releases under normal operation conditions. The results of this evaluation were the basic licensing document for a new liquid release limit.

Genchev, G. T.; Kuleff, I.; Tanev, N. T.; Delistoyanova, E. S.; Guentchev, T.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

17

Ten-year's change in blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension in urban and rural Cameroon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0 Ten-year's change in blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension in urban and rural;1 ABSTRACT Background: Hypertension is becoming increasingly important in sub-Saharan Africa. However the 10-year change in blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension in rural and urban Cameroon

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

18

A Comparative SWOT Analysis of the National Agricultural Extension Program Organization to Determine Best-Fit Program Model: A Case Study of the North West and South West Regions of Cameroon.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A COMPARATIVE SWOT ANALYSIS OF THE NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION PROGRAM ORGANIZATION TO DETERMINE BEST-FIT PROGRAM MODEL: A CASE STUDY OF THE NORTH WEST AND SOUTH WEST REGIONS OF CAMEROON A Dissertation by GWENDOLINE NA-AH NYAMBI... A Comparative SWOT Analysis of the National Agricultural Extension Program Organization to Determine Best-Fit Program Model: A Case Study of the North West and South West Regions of Cameroon Copyright 2012 Gwendoline Na-ah Nyambi A COMPARATIVE...

Nyambi, Gwendoline

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

19

The University of Washington acts on its great capacity and ambition for addressing vital issues, motivated by the power of shared concern, as is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Personnel (AP) serves as the institutional portal for academic personnel administration. We bring clear transitions for faculty, librarians, and academic staff · Monitor and uphold the high standards for ethics AFGHANISTAN 1 ALBANIA 1 AZERBAIJAN 1 BULARIA 1 BURMA (MYANMAR) 1 CAMEROON 1 COSTA RICA 1 ETHIOPIA 1 JAMAICA 1

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

20

Bulgaria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre BiomassTHISBrickyardRepower

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulgaria burma cameroon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Final RFI/RI Report Burma Road Rubble Pit (231-4F). Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Site is located in Aiken, Barnwell, and Allendale counties, in South Carolina. Certain activities at the SRS require operating or post closure permits issued in accordance with Resource Conservation and Recovery Act.

Palmer, E. [Westinghouse Savannah River Company, AIKEN, SC (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

www.natureplus.be Nature + Cameroon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of specialization are social forestry, regeneration of tropical timber species, tropical forest dynamics studies, technical assistance to companies engaged in the FSC process (e.g. integration of wildlife and social aspects in forest management) and management of non-timber forest products. Since February 2010, Nature

23

australia austria bulgaria: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the receiver. Since network elements along the path also modify the TTL, the capacity and stealth in the future due to new high-speed network technologies. Covert channels can be...

24

animal brucellosis bulgaria: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

major contribution of this paper is that for the first time, it is possible for computer graphics animators, to specify and control a three dimensional fluid animation, without...

25

Sedimentological evolution of the Emine and Kamchia basins, eastern Bulgaria   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mountain belts are inherently asymmetric, defined by the sense of plate subduction. The resultant orogen can be divided into peripheral and retro-arc wedges with the retro-wedge overlying the overthrust plate. Modelling ...

Suttill, Hannah L.

2009-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

26

BCI 2007, Sofia, Bulgaria Daniela Angelova-Gancheva 363  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Minerva- project "Innovative Didactics via Web-based Learning" (further abbreviated as IDWBL) so. Such is the methodology of the Minerva-project "Innovative Didactics via Web-based Learning" (further abbreviated as IDWBL). Some of its characteristics are: · ICT and also the web can be used in various didactical approaches

Boyer, Edmond

27

Bulgaria-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBoston Areais a villageBucyrus, NorthBuhler, Kansas:> Posts

28

Office Director, Department of Energy, Sophia, Bulgaria | National Nuclear  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006 The 2002 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules (base rates) Developed

29

Winter 2011/2012 The European Funding Guide for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

........................................................10 Bosnia&Herzegovina.............................14 Bulgaria

Ejiri, Shinji

30

Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Analysis of agricultural performance focused on trends in output, factor use, and productivity. Analysis of agricultural policy featured measurement of domestic and international...

31

Cameroon-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Congo Basin AgencyCompany Organization Environment Canada, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector Climate, Energy, Land, Water Focus Area...

32

Wildlife Sustainability and Human Food Security in Cameroon, Central Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustainable Use Of Renewable Resources. Science 262:828-829.Exploitation Of Renewable Resources. Annual Review OfAdaptive management of renewable resources. Blackburn Press,

Weinbaum, Karen Zohar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Cameroon-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBoston Areais3:InformationCamden County,Cameron, New York:(CTI PFAN)

34

Cameroon-Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in the Congo  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWendeGuo FengBoulder,Research Jump to:Information

35

Are Levels of Democracy Influenced by Mass Attitudes? Testing a Central Premise of the Political Culture Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poland Chile Bulgaria Croatia Albania S. Africa Switzld. S.Bulgaria, Chile, China, Croatia, Czech Rep. , Estonia,

Welzel, Christian

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

ELECTRONICS' 2008 24 26 September, Sozopol, BULGARIA RESPONSE TIME OF SHALLOW JUNCTION SILICON PHOTODIODES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHOTODIODES Lei Shi1 , Sha Xia1 , Francesco Sarubbi1 , Rik Naulaerts2 , Stoyan Nihtianov1,2 , Lis Nanver1 1, shape and location of the illuminated part of a shallow-junction photodiode, and its series resistance for which the photo-generated charge will be removed from the photodiode) with the illuminated spot size

Technische Universiteit Delft

37

E-Print Network 3.0 - austria bulgaria canada Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Benin Bolivia Brazil Britain... Venezuela Vietnam West Germany Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe Old Canada Old Spain ... Source: Bordenstein, Seth -...

38

The Ecology and Conservation of the Critically Endangered Cross River Gorilla in Cameroon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of desert bighorn sheep. Ecology Letters, 8, 1029-1038.Journal of Animal Ecology, 79, 1157-1163. Beazley, K. ,Journal of Animal Ecology, 75, 1393-1405. Boulanger, J.G. &

Sawyer, Sarah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria cameroon cote Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 Costa... -Rica 14 Cote-D'Ivoire 1 Cyprus 2 Denmark 3 Dominican-Republic 1 Ecuador 2 Egypt 7 El-Salvador 1 Ethiopia 3 Source: Peterson, Blake R. - Department of Medicinal...

40

Agricultural Progress in Cameroon, Mali and Ghana: Why it Happened and How  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasil JumpAerowatt Energies JumpAgProMRV of agricultural NAMAs?

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulgaria burma cameroon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Cameroon-Forest Sector Development in a Difficult Political Economy | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBoston Areais3:InformationCamden County,Cameron, New York:(CTI

42

Southeast Europe i* Forum (SEEiF) Ensuring economic growth in a turbulent age. Cooperation vs. competition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bozhilov, Executive Director, United Energy Traders, Bulgaria Mityu Hristozov, Electricity System Operator, Deputy minister of economy, energy and tourism, Bulgaria Nikolai Nankov, Deputy Minister of Regional Development and Public Works, Bulgaria Valeri Borissov, Deputy Minister of Transport, Information Technologies

Mustakerov, Ivan

43

XI-th International Workshop on Optimization and Inverse Problems in Electromagnetism September 14 18, 2010, Sofia, Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grenoble Cedex 1 France Abstract. Multi-sources building is a complex system composed of different types of electrical sources, solar panels, batteries...etc. To optimally anticipate the energy management a lot...etc. Furthermore anticipation may have different equivalent strategies as consequence of problem formulation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

44

XI-th International Workshop on Optimization and Inverse Problems in Electromagnetism September 14 18, 2010, Sofia, Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VIRTUAL POWER PLANT Guillaume FOGGIA, Benoît DELINCHANT, Nouredine HADJSAID and Frédéric WURTZ Grenoble or to gain global productivity. Aggregating a set of small producers into a commercial Virtual Power Plant state aggregation, stochastic programming, Virtual Power Plant. NOMENCLATURE CDF: Cumulative

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

45

XI-th International Workshop on Optimization and Inverse Problems in Electromagnetism September 14 18, 2010, Sofia, Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TO AN ELECTRICAL POWER CHANNEL OF AN AIRCRAFT H. NGUYEN-HUU°, N. RETIERE°, F. WURTZ°, B. SARENI*, X. ROBOAM*, J associated with the system components are not clearly defined or well known. In this paper, the authors: Auto-Transformer-Rectifier-Unit, System Design, Multiobjective Optimization, Pareto Analysis I

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

46

Tolerance for Income Inequality and Redistributive Preferences: Cross-nation and Multilevel Perspectives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rep. Latvia Bulgaria Croatia Turkey Poland South AfricaTurkey Estonia China Austria Croatia Philippines UK DenmarkIsrael South Africa Turkey Croatia Bulgaria Latvia France

Tay, Thiam Chye

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Tax Morale and Conditional Cooperation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Estonia, Ukraine, Russia, Croatia, Slovakia, Greece, andBelarus Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic -0.282*** -5.74 -Republic, Bulgaria, Croatia, and Poland exhibit relatively

Frey, Bruno S.; Torgler, Benno

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary,Ukraine, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia allChile China Columbia Croatia Dominican Republic Ecuador

Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

The power of the family  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regressions on family ties Croatia Algeria Finland SwedenCzech Republic Bulgaria Croatia Algeria Saudi Arabia CzechSweden Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Germany Netherlands Denmark

Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

THE HEBREW UNIVERSITY OF JERUSALEM: FOR THE WORLD THE PRESIDENT'S REPORT 2005/2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COSTA RICA KAZAKHSTAN CAMEROON SURINAME ECUADOR CYPRUS BURKINA FASO #12;A NOBEL FOR JERUSALEM PROFESSOR

Anat, Maril,

51

Actes du colloque, 27-31 mai 2002, Garoua, Cameroun Jamin J.Y., Seiny Boukar L., Floret C. (diteurs scientifiques),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on and reinforced ? DPGT, a rural development project in Northern Cameroon, has conducted several operations

Boyer, Edmond

52

OUTLINE OF DATA SOURCES, MAY 1933 LANDAREAS OCEAN AREAS SOURCES OF DATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: French North Africa ERYP~ Libya Rio de Oro and Cape Juby Asia: China India and Burma Indo China A,B B

53

E-Print Network 3.0 - agroforest sulawesi indonesia Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- Aceh, Papua, Central Sulawesi, Maluku Kenya Kuwait Liberia Myanmar (former Burma) Nepal Nigeria... Former USSR - Azerbaijan Kyrgystan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Guatemala Guyana...

54

E-Print Network 3.0 - anambra state southeast Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The University Of Montana Summary: and Southeast Asia, including the states of India, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar (Burma... - 1 - 2010-2011 Course...

55

EXHIBIT B  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Macao, Moldova, Mongolia, Myanmar (Burma), North Korea, Peoples' Republic of China, Romania, Russia, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Vietnam)....

56

27. R. Bessinger, P. Akwara, "Trends in Sexual and Fertility-Related Behavior: Cameroon, Kenya, Uganda, Zambia,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Uganda, Zambia, and Thailand" (The Measure Evaluation Project, Unit- ed States Agency for International, 608 (2000). 31. UNAIDS, "A measure of success in Uganda" (UNAIDS, Geneva, Switzerland, 1998). 32., Lancet 361, 645 (2003). 38. R. Moodie et al., "An evaluation study of Uganda's AIDS control programmes

57

International Enrollment: Fall 2010 and South Middle North  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Vietnam. Europe Other: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria

58

Corsi di laurea magistrale in italiano (non EU soggiornanti in Italia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Azerbaijan Belgio Bosnia e Herzegovina Bulgaria CittĂ  del Vaticano Croazia Cipro Danimarca Estonia Finlandia

59

R. Pavlov and P. Stanchev (Eds): Proceedings of International Conference on Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage, 18-21 September 2012, V. Tarnovo, Bulgaria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. Pavlov and P. Stanchev (Eds): Proceedings of International Conference on Digital Presentation institutional OA policies, and in making repositories and OA journals compliant with OpenAIRE's requirements and browse) to scien- tific publications and other value-added functionalities (post authoring tools

Stanchev, Peter

60

Proceedings of the Eighth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation, pages 232239, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 8-9, 2013 c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Munich ­ (schmid|fraser)@cis.uni-muenchen.de 3 University of Edinburgh ­ dnadir@inf.ed.ac.uk 4 Qatar. For our ex- periments, we use standard phrase-based Moses systems and operation sequence models (OSM). 1-based Moses system (DE-EN, EN-DE, EN-FR and FR-EN) or with an operation sequence model (RU-EN, DE- EN), cf

Reyle, Uwe

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61

June 6, 2007 Large-Scale Scientific Computations'07, Sozopol, Bulgaria -p. 1/29 Multiscale Modeling and Simulation of Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in porous media (soil, porous rocks, etc.) x Elasticity problems in composite materials (adobe, concrete/29 Presentation outline s Brief overview of upscaling methods in deformable porous media s The Fluid upscaling of flow in deformable porous media #12;June 6, 2007 Large-Scale Scientific Computations'07

Popov, Peter

62

Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), Short Papers, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 2013, pp. 816821.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forum is a relatively new problem. We seek to improve Anand et al.'s (2011) approach to debate stance for a two­sided topic discussed in an online debate forum (e.g., ``Should abortion be banned?''), determine in Fig­ ure 1, where the author is for abortion. Second, while customer reviews are typically written

Ng, Vincent

63

Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), Short Papers, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 2013, pp. 816--821.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

forum is a relatively new problem. We seek to improve Anand et al.'s (2011) approach to debate stance-sided topic discussed in an online debate forum (e.g., "Should abortion be banned?"), determine which in Fig- ure 1, where the author is for abortion. Second, while customer reviews are typically written

Ng, Vincent

64

OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SWEDEN FINLAND POLAND GERMANY LITH.RUS. BULGARIA CZ.REP. SLO. SLOV. AUS. BOS. & GEORGIA ROMANIA UKRAINE

65

Microsoft Word - Final Nuclear Materials Management and Safeguards...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

66

Microsoft PowerPoint - 8_Martyn_NMMSS_2013_Foreign Obligations...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The...

67

Microsoft PowerPoint - 10_ROSE_MARTYN_UPDATED_NMMSS_2014_Foreign...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The...

68

Microsoft PowerPoint - 2A_Wednesday 5-22 830 NMMSS_2013_Presentation...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

69

Microsoft Word - Foreign Obligation Codes.docx  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

70

Microsoft PowerPoint - 2_hirsh Monday 5-20 Overview.ppt [Compatibility...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

71

Microsoft PowerPoint - 6_Mitch Hembree_Monday 5-20 1115 NMMSS...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the...

72

S86 JUNE 2006| above-average precipitation totals for the year, caus-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, but below average for June in Bulgaria. Rainfall totals in April and June

73

A Propositional Approach to Textual Case Indexing Nirmalie Wiratunga  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Science Sofia - 1113, Bulgaria ikoychev@math.bas.bg Appears in Proceedings of the 9th European Conference

Koychev, Ivan

74

EA-1501: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

01: Finding of No Significant Impact EA-1501: Finding of No Significant Impact Construction, Operation, and Closure of the Burma Road II Borrow Pit at the Savannah River Site The...

75

E-Print Network 3.0 - abia state nigeria Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

partners to engage... , with institution building in Nigeria, Benin, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Niger, Cameroon, Burundi, Swaziland... , Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi,...

76

Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Algerian Condensate Angolan Cabinda Canadian Lloydminster Cameroon Kole Marine Ecuadorian Oriente Mexican Isthmus Mexican Mayan 1978 Average ... W 13.32 - W 12.87 13.24 -...

77

E-Print Network 3.0 - amphibia gymnophiona caeciliidae Sample...  

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naturalist may 2005 Notes and Comments Summary: (Salamandridae; MNCNADN 8012; pet trade, China). Gymnophiona: Geotrypetes sp. (Caeciliidae; pet trade, Cameroon... . abstract:...

78

E-Print Network 3.0 - african ivory nut Sample Search Results  

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Cameroon... Lesotho Sierra Leone Cape Verde Liberia Somalia Central African Rep Libya South Africa Chad Source: Grant, James D.E. - Fakultt fr Mathematik, Universitt Wien...

79

E-Print Network 3.0 - aerosolized florida red Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

P. Akwara, "Trends in Sexual and Fertility-Related Behavior: Cameroon, Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Summary: over the southwest Florida penin- sula. NASA's WB-57 aircraft, which...

80

E-Print Network 3.0 - anvil project Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

P. Akwara, "Trends in Sexual and Fertility-Related Behavior: Cameroon, Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, Summary: , Uganda, Zambia, and Thailand" (The Measure Evaluation Project,...

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81

Table 30. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Algerian Condensate Angolan Cabinda Canadian Lloydminster Cameroon Kole Marine Ecuadorian Oriente Mexican Isthmus Mexican Mayan 1978 Average ... W 14.07 - W 13.85 13.54 -...

82

E-Print Network 3.0 - adamawa state nigeria Sample Search Results  

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Mexico 73 Mundu Adamawa... Ejagam Bantoid Nigeria, Cameroon 37 Ese Ejja Tacanan Bolivia 38 Garifuna (Black Carib) creole... ) Uto-Aztecan United States, Mexico 81 Patep...

83

International programme: hard facts Since its start in 2000, the Euroforester programme has been  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

outside Sweden. ARMENIA AUSTRALIA AUSTRIA BANGLADESH CHILE CHINA CANADA CROATIA CAMEROON CZECHREPUBLIC with a broad knowledge about forest resources, en- compassing management, nature conservation, ecology

84

E-print Network Topics: L  

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minor nematoda lagodnymi zaburzeniami poznawczymi lagomorpha lagoon alameda naval lagoon biogas recovery lagoon buenos aires lagoon cameroon public lagoon central vietnam lagoon...

85

U.S. Energy Secretary Highlights Need for Energy Diversity at...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

growth. In signing the GNEP Principles, Italy today joins China, France, Japan, Russia and the United States, who are original GNEP partners, as well as Australia, Bulgaria,...

86

E-Print Network 3.0 - antigua and barbuda Sample Search Results  

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MACEDONIA FRENCH GUIANA BELARUS BAHAMAS PORTUGAL FRANCE (INCL... -HERZEGOVINIA SURINAME HONG KONG ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN SWEDEN BULGARIA ... Source: Schwartz, Stephen E. -...

87

E-Print Network 3.0 - affective word representations Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2009 -Borovets, Bulgaria, pages 416420 Classification of Emotion Words in Russian and Romanian Languages Summary: representations provided better results for English affective...

88

SELECT INTERNATIONAL INTERNSHIPS 2003-2007 GRADUATE CAREER SERVICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan Almaty, Kazakhstan Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ecuadorian Institute, Bulgaria United Nations Development Fund for Women Almaty, Kazakhstan UN Economic & Social Commission

Shyy, Wei

89

The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, Dem. Rep.New Zealand Iceland Kazakhstan Korea, Dem. Rep. BulgariaChina Croatia Grenada Jamaica Kazakhstan Korea, Rep. Lebanon

Kolp, Felicity Ann

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

while four more (Hungary, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Slovenia)Brazil, Peru, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Bulgaria,Republic in 2003, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Russia, Slovenia, and

Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Cultivation, Capital, and Contamination: Urban Agriculture in Oakland, California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vegetables nearby a former smelter site in Mortagne du Nord,related to atmospheric smelter emissions across Humberside,the vicinity of the iron smelter of Kremikovtzi (Bulgaria)

McClintock, Nathan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Berea College Geographical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Armenia 0 1 1Azerbaijan 0 1 1Bangladesh 0 1 1Bhutan 0 1 1Bosnia & Hercegovina 0 2 2Brazil 1 4 5Bulgaria 0

Baltisberger, Jay H.

93

Last updated 7 July 2011 LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AT LIBER 40Th ANNUAL CONFERENCE IN BARCELONA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Erfgoedbibliotheek #12;Last updated 7 July 2011 BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Name Institution/Company Ismet Ovcina National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina BULGARIA Name Institution

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

94

altitude pinus hartwegii: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

at the Bulgarian subalpine forests - Macedonian pine (Pinus peuce University of Forestry (Bulgaria) 9 Emission altitude in radio pulsars Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: This...

95

azul pinus maximartinezii: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

at the Bulgarian subalpine forests - Macedonian pine (Pinus peuce University of Forestry (Bulgaria) 8 Floristic Features of Pinus pinea CiteSeer Summary: Pinus pinea (Stone...

96

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic polycarboxylic acids Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Databases and Resources ; Environmental Sciences and Ecology ; Geosciences 3 Preserved lignin structures in Miocene-aged lignite lithotypes, Bulgaria Summary: polycarboxylic acids...

97

Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Armenia; Australia; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bangladesh; Belgium; Bolivia; Brazil; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso African convention on the conservation of nature and natural resources March 25, 1957 General Belgium

Wolf, Aaron

98

International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) International Organizations Center -5th Floor, Pacifico-Yokohama Market Information Service (MIS) 1-1-1 Minato-Mirai, Nishi-ku, Yokohama 220-0012, Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and being emulated by other countries. Three logging companies in the country joined WWF's forest and trade an independent monitoring system in Peru to track illegal logging. In Japan, tropical log and sawnwood imports Headlines Cameroon benefits from processing policy 2 Three Cameroon companies join CAFTN 2 Malaysia extends

99

Efficacy of amodiaquine, sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine and their combination for the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in children in Cameroon at the time of policy change to artemisinin-based combination therapy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mutations of pfcrt, pfmdr-1, dhfr and dhps genes as previously described by Pearce et al [16]. Heat denatured (95°C for 2 minutes), nested PCR products encompassing polymorphisms were spotted onto nylon membranes alongside other PCR products of known... , Chinwengozi M, Chendjou P: Efficacité et tolérance de la combinaison artesunate + amodiaquine pour le traitement du paludisme simple dans le District de Sante de NDOP, Province du Nord- Ouest, Cameroun, 2007. Report to Ministry of Health . 27. Mbacham W...

Mbacham, Wilfred F; Evehe, Marie-Solange B; Netongo, Palmer M; Ateh, Isabel A; Mimche, Patrice N; Ajua, Anthony; Nji, Akindeh M; Echouffo-Tcheugui, Justin B; Tawe, Bantar; Hallett, Rachel; Roper, Cally; Targett, Geoffrey; Greenwood, Brian

2010-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

100

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

(D&R) of out-of-service steam lines from K-Area to L-Area and C-Area to the X-mas tree on Burma Road. All insulating cover, steam lines, support attachments, and wooden pole...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulgaria burma cameroon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

This synopsis was not peer reviewed. Comparative Assessment of Soil Properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), is tropical evergreen and semi-evergreen forest in the lower altitude hills; subtropical to montane Bamboo Flowering and Death in a Tropical Forest of Indo-Burma Hot Spot The general impact of unregulated primary forests into frag- mented mosaics of small habitat islands of degraded primary forests, secondary

102

Increasing Electricity Trading and Environmental Sustainability in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Montenegro · Albania · Kosovo GPRI MMAK Electrification Project 3 Phase 0: Goal · Goal: Produce a prototype 29.5-37.6Billi on Scope: Albania, B&H, Bulgaria, Croatia, UNMIK, FYRM, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia

Ginzel, Matthew

103

newsletternewsletter EUROPEAN FUSION DEVELOPEMENT AGREEMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Bulgaria and Romania hope to do so in 2007. After earlier expansions from 6 to 15 members, we are now Republic, Hungary, Latvia and Romania. All of the Associations in the new MS and candidate countries

104

Fact sheet EU poll illegal timber trade Illegal logging and related timber trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(98%), Bulgaria (96%), France (95%), Italy (97%), Poland (84%) and Spain (96%) share this opinion to people in other Member States, the people of Portugal, Italy and Spain are more in favour of ensuring

105

2011 Korean Government Scholarship Program Guideline for International Students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Taipei, Belgium, Cambodia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Malaysia, Mexico, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Philippines, Vietnam 1 23 Algeria, Azerbaijan, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, Uzbekistan 1 43

Auckland, University of

106

Trade Liberalization in South East Europe: Review of conformity of 23 FTAs with the MoU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Bosnia Herzegovina) and therefore it includes 23 FTAs. But it will focus mainly on the agreements signed, and for their very useful comments on a first draft. 1 Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

107

NUCLEAR INFORMATION AND RESOURCE SERVICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green Policy Institute, Sofia, Bulgaria Ekograd Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia Arkzin d.o.o., Zagreb, Croatia Eko Kvarner, Njivice, Croatia CEE Bankwatch Network, Praha, Czech Republic South Bohemian Mothers

Laughlin, Robert B.

108

Consolidation of Democracy in Postcommunist Europe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bulgaria (1990-2002), Croatia (1992- 2002), Czech Republic (in 2001, while Romania and Croatia have yet to do so. Togovernment. In cases of Croatia during Tudjman’s presidency

Bandelj, Nina; Radu, Bogdan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

S79JUNE 2006STATE OFTHE CLIMATE IN 2005 | FIG. 6.28. European average temperature anomalies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­90 average. Romania and Bulgaria received significant rainfall excesses during the year, with August totals above average in Romania (Fig. 6.29). A warm January, with areas of eastern Ukraine more than 5°C above

110

IIE Transactions (2007) 39, 314 Copyright C "IIE"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supports the Second Line of Defense (SLD) program of the US Department of Energy. The smuggling of nuclear Republic, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Kyrgyzstan, Georgia, Greece and France, and in the major- ity of the cases

Morton, David

111

Microsoft PowerPoint - 1-D-3-Replacement-Maldonado-CTE Reliability...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

as of 30 September 2010, all segments combined UK Wind 227 MW Belgium Offshore Germany Wind 3 MW France Wind - Solar Hydro United States Wind 227 MW Offshore 30 MW 3 MW Bulgaria...

112

www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

goals. At Princeton, we are committed to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy Belgium Bolivia Brazil Bulgaria Canada Chile China Czech Republic El Salvador France Georgia Germany Ghana

Bou-Zeid, Elie

113

ISDA 2010, Montpellier 28-30 Juin 2010 1 L'ORIENTATION MARCHANDE EST-ELLE UN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISDA 2010, Montpellier 28-30 Juin 2010 1 L'ORIENTATION MARCHANDE EST-ELLE UN FACTEUR PREDOMINANT données d'enquête de 2007, nous trouvons que l'orientation marchande est un facteur déterminant de l : innovation, orientation marchande, « CMS 8704 », maïs Abstract -- For several years, Cameroon has put

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

114

Contributed Paper Effect of Small-Scale Heterogeneity of Prey and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the Sustainability of Bushmeat Hunting NATHALIE VAN VLIET, E. J. MILNER-GULLAND, FRANCOIS BOUSQUET, MEHDI SAQALLI´e, Cameroon Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road, Ascot plays a key role in the sustainability of hunted populations, the role of small-scale heterogeneity

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

115

Agron. Sustain. Dev. 30 (2010) 777787 c INRA, EDP Sciences, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and K nutrition diagnosis in oil palm smallholdings using references of high-yielding industrial is inducing an expansion of oil palm cultivation in the tropics. In southern Cameroon oil palm smallholdings yield differences are observed in oil palm smallholdings, ranging from 2 to 14 t·ha-1 of fresh fruit

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

116

J Epidemiol Community Health . Author manuscript Ten-year change in blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and prevalence of hypertension in urban and rural Cameroon L opold Fezeué 1 2 , Andr -Pascal Kengneé 2 3 Abstract Background Hypertension is becoming increasingly important in sub of this study was to evaluate the 10-year change in blood pressure levels and prevalence of hypertension

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

117

Price vs. weather shock hedging for cash crops: ex ante evaluation for cotton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Price vs. weather shock hedging for cash crops: ex ante evaluation for cotton producers in Cameroon, we assess the risk mitigation capac- ity of weather index-based insurance for cotton farmers. We. Second, in accordance with the existing agronomical literature we find that the length of the cotton

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

118

In order for librarians and researchers to make the best use of the resources provided, we understand the importance of training and effective promotion of the services.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order for librarians and researchers to make the best use of the resources provided, we to providing appropriate long-term training on the use of online resources and more. Several training modules@oaresciences.org Afghanistan Angola Armenia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Benin Bhutan Bolivia Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon

Napp, Nils

119

JournalofGeophysicalResearch: SpacePhysics RESEARCH ARTICLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the high-energy solar particles in interplanetary space. The method includes the determination , and I. G. Usoskin1,3 1 Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory (Oulu Unit), University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 2 Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

Usoskin, Ilya G.

120

Radoslav Pavlov Peter Stanchev Digital Presentation and Preservation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on architectural knowledge and Laser statement informing measure- ments, the whole leading to 3D reconstruction and Informatics ­ BAS Printed in Bulgaria by Demetra Ltd. Sofia, 2013 #12;Preface The main aim of the 3rd of the European Digital Mathematics Library project as well as an outlook for sustain- able development. N

Stanchev, Peter

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

PLUS Projector Contact Information CASA HELLMUND & CIA., S.A. (www.hellmund.com/)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLUS Projector Contact Information VENEZUELA CASA HELLMUND & CIA., S.A. (www Tecnologia Sistemas e Comercio Ltda. Rodovia Anhanguera SP330 - KM 296 Cravinhos-SP-Brazil - CEP:14140 Herentals Belgium tel: 014-84-9293 fax: 014-84-9291 jan@cnr.be BULGARIA Bulgarian Information & Office

Kleinfeld, David

122

Illegal logging e conflict timber: Strategie per l'Italia e per l'Europa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

commerciale per l'export del Camerun, ... ma anche della Bosnia, Romania, Serbia, ... #12;Nei paesi europei 79,993 Czech Republic 78,432 Bosnia and Herzegovina 43,460 Romania 43,244 Slovakia 35,372 Bulgaria 22

Pettenella, Davide

123

PADS FY 2010 Annual Reports FY 2010 Obligations to Facilities...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

ESTONIA (EN) 1 3,833,286 CZECH REPUBLIC (EZ) 1 -3,043 SLOVAKIA (LO) 2 2,159,192 GERMANY (GM) 2 45,724 ROMANIA (RO) 2 3,099,614 BULGARIA (BU) 2 1,141,357 AZERBAIJAN (AJ) 1...

124

1 | P a g e Natasha T. Dimova, Ph.D  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

", Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Sofia, Bulgaria MSc in Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Advisers: Prof. Ivelin Kuleff and Dr. Evgeny Taskaev Thesis topic: Determination of plutonium of Luxembourg, Luxembourg, March ­ May, 2003 Intercomparison analysis for determination of uranium and radium

Paytan, Adina

125

Population of isomers in the decay of the giant dipole resonance N. Tsoneva and Ch. Stoyanov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are excited via different nuclear reactions and the deexcitation populates the low-lying ex- cited states Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria Yu. P. Gangrsky and V. Yu. Ponomarev obtained see, e.g., the review article 1 . They have relatively low excitation energy and total angular

Ponomarev, Vladimir

126

2014 Chevron North Sea Limited Chevron University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generation. Chevron also invests in renewables and advanced technologies. Chevron Upstream Europe (CUE, Romania and Bulgaria. The business unit employs approximately 1,000 staff and long-term contractors at its onshore locations in the UK, Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania and offshore in the UK

Painter, Kevin

127

Dendroclimatic Analysis for Changes of Air Temperature and Precipitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

periodsClimate change viewed over different periods #12;Northern Russia:Northern Russia: Raspopov increase in the pastincrease in the past 250 years250 years #12;Climate change viewed over differentDendroclimatic Analysis for Changes of Air Temperature and Precipitation in Southwestern Bulgaria

University of Forestry (Bulgaria)

128

Bibliography February 3, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systems: 9th East European Conference, ADBIS 2005, volume 3631 / 2005 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science European Conference, ADBIS 2007, Varna, Bulgaria, September 29­October 3, volume 4690 of Lecture Notes. In Proceedings of the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering, 2004. Abstract

129

SYSTEM BIOLOGY & BIOINFORMATICS DOI: 10.5504/50YRTIMB.2011.0037 BIOTECHNOL. & BIOTECHNOL. EQ. 26/2012/SE 50 YEARS ROUMEN TSANEV INSTITUTE OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

membranes proposed by Helfrich (3) and Evans (1) describe the elastic energy per unit area of lipid membrane. & BIOTECHNOL. EQ. 26/2012/SE 50 YEARS ROUMEN TSANEV INSTITUTE OF SPECIAL EDITION/ON-LINE MOLECULAR BIOLOGY 06 of Solid State Physics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria 2 University of Ljubljana, Faculty

Iglic, Ales

130

Africa: Prosperous times  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Camp Reed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahan Divide Wind EnergyEnergyCameroon:

132

Camp Springs II (4Q07) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahan Divide Wind EnergyEnergyCameroon: Wind

133

Camp William Utah National Guard Wind Farm II | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahan Divide Wind EnergyEnergyCameroon:

134

Campbell, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahan Divide Wind EnergyEnergyCameroon:Campa

135

JPRS report proliferation issues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa; (2) China; (3) North and South Korea, Japan; (4) Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia; (5) Argentina, Brazil; (6) India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, Libya, Iraq, Egypt; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France.

NONE

1991-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

136

Effects of Local Adaptation of Invasion Success: A Case Study of Rhithropanopeus harrisii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Europe (including the Adriatic Sea, Baltic Sea, Belgium, Britain, Bulgaria, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Mediterranean Sea, Netherlands, North Sea, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and the Ukraine), Africa (Tunisia) and Asia....E. Atlantic 1991 Europe Italy Adriatic Sea 1994 Europe Belgium North Sea 1994 Europe England N.E. Atlantic 1996 Europe Lithuania Baltic Sea 2000 Europe France Mediterranean 2000 Europe Finland Baltic Sea 2008 North America United States San Francisco...

Boyle, Terrence Michael

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

137

Coalition of the Leaving: What Caused the Disintegration of the Multi-National Force in Iraq (2003-2009)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the withdrawal of the various allies. In contrast, the topic has been understudied in the academic community. Most of the 1 Portugal and Spain Vow to Boost Ties Despite Differences in Iraq, AFP, May 4 2004. 2 research about the “Coalition of the Willing” (CW... 56-108 Chapter 4: Italy in the Coalition of the Willing 109-139 Chapter 5: Denmark in the Coalition of the Willing 140-170 Chapter 6: Bulgaria in the Coalition...

Cantir, Cristian

2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

138

CO2 Supermarket Refrigeration Systems for Southeast Asia and the USA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a comparative analysis of the annual energy consumption of these refrigeration systems in eighty eight cities from all climate zones in Southeast Asia. Also, the performance of the CO2 refrigeration systems is compared to the baseline R404A multiplex direct expansion (DX) system. Finally, the overall performance of the CO2 refrigeration systems in various climatic conditions in Southeast Asia is compared to that in the United States. For the refrigeration systems investigated, it was found that the Transcritical Booster System with Bypass Compressor (TBS-BC) performs better or equivalent to the R404A multiplex DX system in the northern regions of Southeast Asia (China and Japan). In the southern regions of Southeast Asia (India, Bangladesh, Burma), the R404A multiplex DX system and the Combined Secondary Cascade (CSC) system performs better than the TBS-BC.

Sharma, Vishaldeep [ORNL; Fricke, Brian A [ORNL; Bansal, Pradeep [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

NONE

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Africa: Unrest and restrictive terms limit abundant potential. [Oil and gas exploration and development in Africa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the drilling and exploration activity of the oil and gas industries of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, the Congo, Angola, and South Africa. Information is provided on current and predicted trends in well drilling activities (both onshore and offshore), numbers of new wells, footage information, production statistics and what fields accounted for this production, and planned new exploration activities. The paper also describes the current status of government policies and political problems affecting the oil and gas industry.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulgaria burma cameroon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Camp Grove Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahan Divide Wind EnergyEnergyCameroon: EnergyGrove

142

Camp Springs II (1Q08) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahan Divide Wind EnergyEnergyCameroon: Wind Farm

143

Camp Springs Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahan Divide Wind EnergyEnergyCameroon: WindCamp

144

Camp William Utah National Guard Wind Farm I | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahan Divide Wind EnergyEnergyCameroon: WindCampCamp

145

Campa AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahan Divide Wind EnergyEnergyCameroon:Campa AG Jump

146

Campbell Hill Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahan Divide Wind EnergyEnergyCameroon:Campa AG

147

Camroden Associates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahan Divide Wind EnergyEnergyCameroon:CampaCamroden

148

Thermodynamics of MgB2 described by the weak-coupling two-band BCS model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermodynamics of MgB2 described by the weak-coupling two-band BCS model Todor M. Mishonov,1,2 Valery L. Pokrovsky,3,4 and Hongduo Wei3 1Faculty of Physics, Sofia University ?St. Kliment Ohridski,? 5 James Bourchier Boulevard, BG-1164 Sofia..., Bulgaria 2Laboratorium voor Vaste-Stoffysica en Magnetisme, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200 D, B-3001, Belgium 3Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242, USA 4Landau Institute for Theoretical...

Mishonov, TM; Pokrovsky, Valery L.; Wei, HD.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Paternal Genetic History of the Basque Population of Spain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; 0.0073 Mertens et al. (2007) Bosnia 181 0.4621 0.9734#5; 0.0054 Klaric et al. (2005) Bulgaria 126 0.5604 0.9874 #5; 0.0047 Zaharova et al. (2001) Castilla la Mancha 63 0.5226 0.9794 #5; 0.0089 Adams et al. (2008) Castile 131 0.5343 0.9799 #5; 0...% of the total variation and spreading from southeast to northwest through Europe (Cavalli- Sforza et al. 1994). This cline has been interpreted as a genetic signature of the DDM model, with a correlation of 0.89 between the first principal component of gene...

Young, Kristin L.; Sun, Guangyun; Deka, Ranjan; Crawford, Michael H.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Industry turns its attention south  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 13, 14 April 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 1968 with Bulgaria 20 April, 1968 with Romania 29 April, 1968 with Algeria 15 April. 1971 with Ethiopia 8 April, 1972 with Bangladesh 18 April, 1975 with Cambodia 14 April, 1984 with Tunisia 28 April, 1987 with Venezuela 20 April, 1992 with Estonia... to participate in making history during the 1990’s movement, but there are no excuses now. You are educated, you have access to resources that others might now. Why not say “I think democracy is the right path and not autocracy or violence” publicly...

Shrestha, Kashish Das

152

Plant maintenance and plant life extension issue, 2007  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The focus of the March-April issue is on plant maintenance and plant life extension. Major articles/reports in this issue include: Three proposed COLs expected in 2007, by Dale E. Klein, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Delivering behaviors that our customers value, by Jack Allen, Westinghouse Electric Company; Facilitating high-level and fuel waste disposal technologies, by Malcolm Gray, IAEA, Austria; Plant life management and long-term operation, by Pal Kovacs, OECD-NEA, France; Measuring control rod position, by R. Taymanov, K. Sapozhnikova, I. Druzhinin, D.I. Mendeleyev, Institue for Metrology, Russia; and, 'Modernization' means higher safety, by Svetlana Genova, Kozluduy NPP plc, Bulgaria.

Agnihotri, Newal (ed.)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

153

Seismicity and seismic response of the Soviet-designed VVER (Water-cooled, Water moderated Energy Reactor) reactor plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On March 4, 1977, a strong earthquake occurred at Vrancea, Romania, about 350 km from the Kozloduy plant in Bulgaria. Subsequent to this event, construction of the unit 2 of the Armenia plant was delayed over two years while seismic features were added. On December 7, 1988, another strong earthquake struck northwest Armenia about 90 km north of the Armenia plant. Extensive damage of residential and industrial facilities occurred in the vicinity of the epicenter. The earthquake did not damage the Armenia plant. Following this event, the Soviet government announced that the plant would be shutdown permanently by March 18, 1989, and the station converted to a fossil-fired plant. This paper presents the results of the seismic analyses of the Soviet-designed VVER (Water-cooled, Water moderated Energy Reactor) plants. Also presented is the information concerning seismicity in the regions where VVERs are located and information on seismic design of VVERs. The reference units are the VVER-440 model V230 (similar to the two units of the Armenia plant) and the VVER-1000 model V320 units at Kozloduy in Bulgaria. This document provides an initial basis for understanding the seismicity and seismic response of VVERs under seismic events. 1 ref., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

Ma, D.C.; Gvildys, J.; Wang, C.Y.; Spencer, B.W.; Sienicki, J.J.; Seidensticker, R.W.; Purvis, E.E. III

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Solar electricity for Africa: The case of Kenya  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents results of two recent World Bank efforts made in Kenya, Niger, and Cameroon to study the impact of two different renewable projects, one a Micro-Lights program involving about 500 lanterns and the second a survey of 410 households using solar electricity systems. The Micro-Lights program showed that users have distinct preferences in the style of the lamps, that they are willing to spend cash, and that they demand good quality. They may be initially satisfied, but rapidly want more from their purchases. The photoelectric system survey touched less than 1% of such households, and looked at user education, system size, satisfaction, expectations, age of system, appliances, and expectations.

Plas, R.J. van der

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Sulfide scaling in low enthalpy geothermal environments; A survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A review of the sulfide scaling phenomena in low-temperature environments is presented. While high-temperature fluids tend to deposit metal sulfides because of their high concentrations of dissolved metals and variations of temperature, pressure and fluid chemistry, low temperature media are characterized by very low metal content but much higher dissolved sulfide. In the case of the goethermal wells of the Paris Basin, detailed studies demonstrate that the relatively large concentrations of chloride and dissolved sulfide are responsible for corrosion and consequent formation of iron sulfide scale composed of mackinawite, pyrite and pyrrhotite. The effects of the exploitation schemes are far less important than the corrosion of the casings. The low-enthalpy fluids that do not originate from sedimentary aquifers (such as in Iceland and Bulgaria), have a limited corrosion potential, and the thin sulfide film that appears may prevent the progress of corrosion.

Criaud, A.; Fouillac, C. (Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres (BRGM), 45 - Orleans (France))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Minerals yearbook: Mineral industries of Europe and central Eurasia. Volume 3. 1992 international review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Volume III, Minerals Yearbook -- International Review contains the latest available mineral data on more than 175 foreign countries and discusses the importance of minerals to the economies of these nations. Since the 1989 International Review, the volume has been presented as six reports. The report presents the Mineral Industries of Europe and Central Eurasia. The report incorporates location maps, industry structure tables, and an outlook section previously incorporated in the authors' Minerals Perspectives Series quinquennial regional books, which are being discontinued. This section of the Minerals Yearbook reviews the minerals industries of 45 countries: the 12 nations of the European Community (EC); 6 of the 7 nations of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA); Malta; the 11 Eastern European economies in transition (Albania, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia); and the countries of Central Eurasia (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan).

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Uranium production in Eastern Europe and its environmental impact: A literature survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A survey of the unclassified literature was made to determine the location, technology, throughput, and environmental status of the uranium mines and mills that have historically made up uranium production capability in Eastern Europe. Included in that survey were the following countries: the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), now part of a reunited Germany, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Poland. Until recently, uranium was being produced in five of these six countries (Poland stopped production 20 years ago). The production began directly after World War II in support of weapons production in the Soviet Union. Eastern Europe has produced about two-thirds of the total Soviet uranium inventory historically, or about 330,000 metric tonnes of uranium (NM) [730 million pounds of uranium (MlbU)l out of a total of about 490,000 MTU (1090 NlbU).

Norman, R.E.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

Brown, S.

2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

160

Development of the in-structure response spectra of the VVER-440 Model 230 Kozloduy Plant  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Kozloduy NPP is located in the North-West part of Bulgaria on the Danube river. The plant consists of four units of 440 MW and two units of 1,000 MW. In the last 15 years there have been three strong, intermediate depth earthquakes in the Vrancea seismic zone (1977, 1986, 1990) which have affected the NPP site. The Vrancea zone is located approximately 300 km northeast of the plant. It is known for the generation of strong, long-period seismic motions. In 1990 an intensive work program for qualification of the plant according to the international standards (IAEA 1991; IAEA 1992) was initiated. The work started by a project for site confirmation. As a result, new design seismic characteristics were obtained. A Review Level Earthquake is defined by a maximum acceleration of 0.2 g; a response spectrum is shown. The generation of the in-structure response spectra for units 1 and 2 VVER-440 Model 230 is presented in this paper. The coauthors belong to an IAEA Advisory Team assisting the seismic upgrading project of the Kozloduy plant.

Kostov, M.K. [Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia (BG). Central Lab. for Seismic Mechanics and Earthquake Engineering; Ma, D.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Prato, C.A. [Univ. of Cordoba (AR); Stevenson, J.D. [Stevenson and Associates, Cleveland, OH (US)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulgaria burma cameroon" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The current state of the Russian reduced enrichment research reactors program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the last year after the 16-th International Conference on Reducing Fuel Enrichment in Research Reactors held in October, 1993 in Oarai, Japan, the conclusive stage of the Program on reducing fuel enrichment (to 20% in U-235) in research reactors was finally made up in Russia. The Program was started late in 70th and the first stage of the Program was completed by 1986 which allowed to reduce fuel enrichment from 80-90% to 36%. The completion of the Program current stage, which is counted for 5-6 years, will exclude the use of the fuel enriched by more than 20% from RF to other countries such as: Poland, Czeck Republick, Hungary, Roumania, Bulgaria, Libya, Viet-Nam, North Korea, Egypt, Latvia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. In 1994 the Program, approved by RF Minatom authorities, has received the status of an inter-branch program since it was admitted by the RF Ministry for Science and Technical Policy. The Head of RF Minatom central administrative division N.I.Ermakov was nominated as the Head of the Russian Program, V.G.Aden, RDIPE Deputy Director, was nominated as the scientific leader. The Program was submitted to the Commission for Scientific, Technical and Economical Cooperation between USA and Russia headed by Vice-President A. Gore and Prime Minister V. Chemomyrdin and was given support also.

Aden, V.G.; Kartashov, E.F.; Lukichev, V.A. [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Global threat reduction initiative Russian nuclear material removal progress  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In December 1999 representatives from the United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started discussing a program to return to Russia Soviet- or Russian-supplied highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel stored at the Russian-designed research reactors outside Russia. Trilateral discussions among the United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have identified more than 20 research reactors in 17 countries that have Soviet- or Russian-supplied HEU fuel. The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program is an important aspect of the U.S. Government's commitment to cooperate with the other nations to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-usable proliferation-attractive nuclear materials. To date, 496 kilograms of Russian-origin HEU have been shipped to Russia from Serbia, Latvia, Libya, Uzbekistan, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. The pilot spent fuel shipment from Uzbekistan to Russia was completed in April 2006. (author)

Cummins, Kelly [DOE/NNSA (United States); Bolshinsky, Igor [INL/NNSA (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Computer simulation of the processes at electron beam technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The computer software packages developed in Bulgaria are among our important research results concerning EB melting and refining. (i) In the field of the gun and the beam improvement optimisation: A new approach, based on beam phase analysis, has been proposed and applied in a computer software package. The computer simulation of beam formation and transport permit to optimize technology electron guns and predict some features of the processes. A investigation of the ion compensation of the electron space charge in the beam at different technology conditions is in progress. (ii) In the electron beam refining technology. The kinetics of the impurities evaporation and refining of the low density contaminants at the drip or cold hearth melting has been investigated. Computer calculation of the component concentration changes during refinement had been developed. Analysis of main processes of the impurity transport can be studied. (iii) In the field of beam heating of the materials: Computer simulation of the heat transport is done. Deep of the melted pool, thermal distribution in the casted ingot as the temperature loading of the equipment parts are possible to be calculated.

Mladenov, G.M.; Vutova, K.; Sabchevsky, S. [Institute of Electronics, Sofia (Bulgaria)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

164

IPIRG-2 task 1 - pipe system experiments with circumferential cracks in straight-pipe locations. Final report, September 1991--November 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results from Task 1 of the Second International Piping Integrity Research Group (IPIRG-2) program. The IPIRG-2 program is an international group program managed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (US NRC) and funded by a consortium of organizations from 15 nations including: Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Lithuania, Republic of China, Slovak Republic, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The objective of the program was to build on the results of the IPIRG-1 and other related programs by extending the state-of-the-art in pipe fracture technology through the development of data needed to verify engineering methods for assessing the integrity of nuclear power plant piping systems that contain defects. The IPIRG-2 program included five main tasks: Task 1 - Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds Task 2 - Fracture of Flawed Fittings Task 3 - Cyclic and Dynamic Load Effects on Fracture Toughness Task 4 - Resolution of Issues From IPIRG-1 and Related Programs Task 5 - Information Exchange Seminars and Workshops, and Program Management. The scope of this report is to present the results from the experiments and analyses associated with Task 1 (Pipe System Experiments with Flaws in Straight Pipe and Welds). The rationale and objectives of this task are discussed after a brief review of experimental data which existed after the IPIRG-1 program.

Scott, P.; Olson, R.; Marschall, C.; Rudland, D. [and others

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Strategic planning -- task 7.1. Topical report, February 1994--June 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nations of East Central Europe regained their political and economic freedom in 1989, ending nearly a half century of centrally planned economies under the hegemony of the former Soviet Union (FSU). These nations are now emerging from economic conditions marked by price distortions and a focus on heavy industry, isolation from world markets, and a lack of occupational health and environmental safeguards. Economic recovery, environmental restoration, and political stability, as well as eventual entrance into the European Community (EC), require a reordering of policies and priorities, including those bearing on energy and the environment. This report, prepared as a background document for the Second International Conference on Energy and Environment to be held in Prague in November 1994, is composed of a summary table and supporting text and is intended to provide a concise review of issues related to energy and the environment for the Czech and Slovak Republics, Hungary, Poland, and Bulgaria. Organized by subject and country, Table 1 contains country profiles (Row A), information on the economy (Row B), primary energy consumption, environmental priorities, energy resources, production, and utilization (Rows C, D, F, G, H, and 1), electrical generation and transmission (Rows J and K), district heating (Row L), briquettes (Row M), and environmental regulations (Row N). Pertinent policy goals, issues, and trends are noted. The reports is based largely on a review of documents published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), as well as selected sources obtained from the countries of the region. Reference citations are keyed to information presented in Table 1.

Daly, D.J.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

[Energy and environmental research emphasizing low-rank coal]: Task 7.1, Strategic planning. Topical report, February 1, 1994--June 30, 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nations of East Central Europe regained their political and economic freedom in 1989, ending nearly a half century of centrally planned economies under the hegemony of the former Soviet Union (FSU). These nations are now emerging from economic conditions marked by price distortions and a focus on heavy industry, isolation from world markets, and a lack of occupational health and environmental safeguards. Economic recovery, environmental restoration, and political stability, as well as eventual entrance into the European Community (EC), require a reordering of policies and priorities, including those bearing on energy and the environment. This report, prepared as a background document for the Second International Conference on Energy and Environment to be held in Prague in November 1994, is composed of a summary table (Table 1) and supporting text and is intended to provide a concise review of issues related to energy and the environment for the Czech and Slovak Republics, Hungary, Poland, and Bulgaria. Organized by subject and country, Table 1 contains country profiles (Row A), information on the economy (Row B), primary energy consumption, environmental priorities, energy resources, production, and utilization (Rows C, D, F, G, H, and I), electrical generation and transmission (Rows J and K), district heating (Row L), briquettes (Row M), and environmental regulations (Row N). Pertinent policy goals, issues, and trends are noted. The reports is based largely on a review of documents published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), as well as selected sources obtained from the countries of the region. Reference citations are keyed to information presented in Table 1.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Summary of the contractor information exchange meeting for improving the safety of Soviet-Designed Nuclear Power Plants, February 19, 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes a meeting held on February 19, 1997, in Washington, D.C. The meeting was held primarily to exchange information among the contractors involved in the U.S. Department of Energy`s efforts to improve the safety of Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. Previous meetings have been held on December 5-6, 1995, and May 22, 1996. The meetings are sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy and coordinated by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The U.S. Department of Energy works with countries to increase the level of safety at 63 Soviet-designed nuclear reactors operating in Armenia, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania, Russia, Slovakia, and Ukraine. The work is implemented largely by commercial companies and individuals who provide technologies and services to the countries with Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. Attending the meeting were 71 representatives of commercial contractors, the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. Department of State, national laboratories, and other federal agencies. The presentations and discussions that occurred during the exchange are summarized in this report. While this report captures the general presentation and discussion points covered at the meeting, it is not a verbatim, inclusive record. To make the report useful, information presented at the meeting has been expanded to clarify issues, respond to attendees` requests, or place discussion points in a broader programmatic context. Appendixes A through F contain the meeting agenda, list of attendees, copies of presentation visuals and handouts, the Strategy Document discussed at the meeting, and a summary of attendees` post-meeting evaluation comments. As with past information exchanges, the participants found this meeting valuable and useful. In response to the participant`s requests, a fourth information exchange will be held later in 1997.

NONE

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Romania: Brand-New Engineering Solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The HEU spent nuclear fuel transport from Romania was a pilot project in the framework of the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), being the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel shipment by air. The successful implementation of the Romanian shipment also brought various new technology in the program, further used by other participating countries. Until 2009, the RRRFR program repatriated to the Russian Federation HEU spent nuclear fuel of Russian origin from many countries, like Uzbekistan, Czech Republic, Latvia, Hungary, Kazakhstan and Bulgaria. The means of transport used were various; from specialized TK-5 train for the carriage of Russian TUK-19 transport casks, to platform trains for 20 ft freight ISO containers carrying Czech Skoda VPVR/M casks; from river barge on the Danube, to vessel on the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Initially, in 2005, the transport plan of the HEU spent nuclear fuel from the National Institute for R&D in Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering 'Horia Hulubei' in Magurele, Romania considered a similar scheme, using the specialized TK-5 train transiting Ukraine to the destination point in the Russian Federation, or, as an alternative, using the means and route of the spent nuclear fuel periodically shipped from the Bulgarian nuclear power plant Kosloduy (by barge on the Danube, and by train through Ukraine to the Russian Federation). Due to impossibility to reach an agreement in due time with the transit country, in February 2007 the US, Russian and Romanian project partners decided to adopt the air shipment of the spent nuclear fuel as prime option, eliminating the need for agreements with any transit countries. By this time the spent nuclear fuel inspections were completed, proving the compliance of the burn-up parameters with the international requirements for air shipments of radioactive materials. The short air route avoiding overflying of any other countries except the country of origin and the country of destination also contributed to the decision making in this issue. The efficient project management and cooperation between the three countries (Russia, Romania and USA) made possible, after two and a half years of preparation work, for the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel air shipment to take place on 29th of June 2009, from Romanian airport 'Henri Coanda' to the Russian airport 'Koltsovo' near Yekaterinburg. One day before that, after a record period of 3 weeks of preparation, another HEU cargo was shipped by air from Romanian Institute for Nuclear Research in Pitesti to Russia, containing fresh pellets and therefore making Romania the third HEU-free country in the RRRFR program.

Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Nicolae Zamfir; Madalina Budu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Leakage and Sepage of CO2 from Geologic Carbon SequestrationSites: CO2 Migration into Surface Water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geologic carbon sequestration is the capture of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and its storage in deep geologic formations. One of the concerns of geologic carbon sequestration is that injected CO{sub 2} may leak out of the intended storage formation, migrate to the near-surface environment, and seep out of the ground or into surface water. In this research, we investigate the process of CO{sub 2} leakage and seepage into saturated sediments and overlying surface water bodies such as rivers, lakes, wetlands, and continental shelf marine environments. Natural CO{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} fluxes are well studied and provide insight into the expected transport mechanisms and fate of seepage fluxes of similar magnitude. Also, natural CO{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} fluxes are pervasive in surface water environments at levels that may mask low-level carbon sequestration leakage and seepage. Extreme examples are the well known volcanic lakes in Cameroon where lake water supersaturated with respect to CO{sub 2} overturned and degassed with lethal effects. Standard bubble formation and hydrostatics are applicable to CO{sub 2} bubbles in surface water. Bubble-rise velocity in surface water is a function of bubble size and reaches a maximum of approximately 30 cm s{sup -1} at a bubble radius of 0.7 mm. Bubble rise in saturated porous media below surface water is affected by surface tension and buoyancy forces, along with the solid matrix pore structure. For medium and fine grain sizes, surface tension forces dominate and gas transport tends to occur as channel flow rather than bubble flow. For coarse porous media such as gravels and coarse sand, buoyancy dominates and the maximum bubble rise velocity is predicted to be approximately 18 cm s{sup -1}. Liquid CO{sub 2} bubbles rise slower in water than gaseous CO{sub 2} bubbles due to the smaller density contrast. A comparison of ebullition (i.e., bubble formation) and resulting bubble flow versus dispersive gas transport for CO{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} at three different seepage rates reveals that ebullition and bubble flow will be the dominant form of gas transport in surface water for all but the smallest seepage fluxes or shallowest water bodies. The solubility of the gas species in water plays a fundamental role in whether ebullition occurs. We used a solubility model to examine CO{sub 2} solubility in waters with varying salinity as a function of depth below a 200 m-deep surface water body. In this system, liquid CO{sub 2} is stable between the deep regions where supercritical CO{sub 2} is stable and the shallow regions where gaseous CO{sub 2} is stable. The transition from liquid to gaseous CO{sub 2} is associated with a large change in density, with corresponding large change in bubble buoyancy. The solubility of CO{sub 2} is lower in high-salinity waters such as might be encountered in the deep subsurface. Therefore, as CO{sub 2} migrates upward through the deep subsurface, it will likely encounter less saline water with increasing capacity to dissolve CO{sub 2} potentially preventing ebullition, depending on the CO{sub 2} leakage flux. However, as CO{sub 2} continues to move upward through shallower depths, CO{sub 2} solubility in water decreases strongly leading to greater likelihood of ebullition and bubble flow in surface water. In the case of deep density-stratified lakes in which ebullition is suppressed, enhanced mixing and man-made degassing schemes can alleviate the buildup of CO{sub 2} and related risk of dangerous rapid discharges. Future research efforts are needed to increase understanding of CO{sub 2} leakage and seepage in surface water and saturated porous media. For example, we recommend experiments and field tests of CO{sub 2} migration in saturated systems to formulate bubble-driven water-displacement models and relative permeability functions that can be used in simulation models.

Oldenburg, Curt M.; Lewicki, Jennifer L.

2005-06-17T23:59:59.000Z