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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Sales of specialty incandescent bulbs decline despite ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... and light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs. Several manufacturers offer CFL three-way bulbs to replace incandescent three-way bulbs. LEDs, ...

2

How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescent...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents July 29, 2012 - 6:25pm Addthis...

3

How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents July 29, 2012 - 6:25pm Addthis Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save you about $50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save you about $50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home. Compared to traditional incandescents, energy-efficient lightbulbs such as energy-saving incandescents, compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), and light emitting diodes (LEDs) have the following advantages: Typically use about 25%-80% less energy, saving you money

4

Sales of specialty incandescent bulbs decline despite ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; ... like three-way bulbs and appliance bulbs, are exempted from congressionally-legislated energy efficiency standards.

5

How to upgrade your incandescent light bulbs Many people are choosing replacements for their standard incandescent light bulbs to save money or energy, because they've heard of new LED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How to upgrade your incandescent light bulbs Many people are choosing replacements for their standard incandescent light bulbs to save money or energy, because they've heard of new LED options for replacement light bulbs, you probably noticed that you have many options and the alternative bulbs are more

Bystroff, Chris

6

Energy Basics: Incandescent Lighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

The three most common types of incandescent lamps are: Standard incandescent lamps Energy-Saving Incandescent (or Halogen) Reflector lamps Standard Incandescent Lamps Known as...

7

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent Lights A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and Fluorescent Lights July 21, 2009 - 5:18pm Addthis John Lippert Pretty soon, lighting is going to get a lot more efficient. New standards for incandescent reflector bulbs, general purpose fluorescent bulbs, and regular incandescent bulbs are going into effect beginning in approximately three years. You may be curious about how these standards will affect the most popular types of incandescent bulbs we've all used for so long: the common non-reflector 40-watt, 60-watt, 75-watt, and 100-watt bulbs. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (also known as EISA) requires that these incandescent bulbs use 30% less energy than today's

8

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting August 16, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common type of lighting used in homes. Incandescent lamps operate...

9

Incandescent bulbs still play a role in the future of lighting ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) mandates longer lasting, more efficient light bulbs for general service. Detailed results from ...

10

Incandescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics August 16, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incandescent lamps operate simply by heating a metal filament inside a bulb filled with inert gas. Because they operate directly on variety of common power types including common household alternating current or direct current such as batteries or automobiles, they do not require a special power supply or ballast. They turn on up instantly, providing a warm light with excellent color rendition because the light is produced in much the same way as the light from the sun. They can also be easily dimmed using inexpensive controls and are available in a staggering variety of shapes and sizes. However, incandescent lamps have a low efficacy (10-17 lumens per watt) compared with other lighting options and a short average

11

Incandescent Lighting Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics Incandescent Lighting Basics August 16, 2013 - 10:00am Addthis Incandescent lamps operate simply by heating a metal filament inside a bulb filled with inert gas. Because they operate directly on variety of common power types including common household alternating current or direct current such as batteries or automobiles, they do not require a special power supply or ballast. They turn on up instantly, providing a warm light with excellent color rendition because the light is produced in much the same way as the light from the sun. They can also be easily dimmed using inexpensive controls and are available in a staggering variety of shapes and sizes. However, incandescent lamps have a low efficacy (10-17 lumens per watt) compared with other lighting options and a short average

12

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 6:15pm Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lamps are often considered the least energy efficient type of electric lighting commonly found in residential buildings. Although inefficient, incandescent lamps possess a number of key advantages--they are inexpensive to buy, turn on instantly, are available in a huge array of sizes and shapes and provide a pleasant, warm light with excellent color rendition. However, because of their relative inefficiency and short life spans, they

13

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting Incandescent Lighting October 17, 2013 - 6:15pm Addthis Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lighting is the most common, and least energy efficient, type of lighting used in homes. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/TokenPhoto. Incandescent lamps are often considered the least energy efficient type of electric lighting commonly found in residential buildings. Although inefficient, incandescent lamps possess a number of key advantages--they are inexpensive to buy, turn on instantly, are available in a huge array of sizes and shapes and provide a pleasant, warm light with excellent color rendition. However, because of their relative inefficiency and short life spans, they

14

Sales of specialty incandescent bulbs decline despite ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Biofuels: Ethanol & Biodiesel ... This effect points to broader lighting market transformation beyond the target of the original legislation, ...

15

Photonically Engineered Incandescent Emitter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photonically engineered incandescence is disclosed. The emitter materials and photonic crystal structure can be chosen to modify or suppress thermal radiation above a cutoff wavelength, causing the emitter to selectively emit in the visible and near-infrared portions of the spectrum. An efficient incandescent lamp is enabled thereby. A method for fabricating a three-dimensional photonic crystal of a structural material, suitable for the incandescent emitter, is also disclosed.

Gee, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Lin, Shawn-Yu (Albuquerque, NM); Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Moreno, James B. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

16

Waste Toolkit A-Z Light bulbs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waste Toolkit A-Z Light bulbs Can I recycle light bulbs? It depends what type of bulbs you have for the `hazardous' symbol on the packaging or on the light bulb (crossed out wheelie bin symbol). How can I recycle light bulbs? Standard filament bulbs Put in the waste bin (landfill waste) as these are not classified

Melham, Tom

17

Incandescent | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incandescent Incandescent Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

18

Apparatus to facilitate lengthening the life of incandescent lamps  

SciTech Connect

An energizing circuit is described for an incandescent bulb comprising a transformer having a primary winding connectable to an AC mains source and first and second secondary windings for producing first and second voltages. The first secondary winding is connected to an input of a first full-wave rectifier means and the second secondary winding is connected to an input of a second full-wave rectifier means, the full-wave rectifier means having outputs connected in parallel across the bulb. The first voltage is sufficient to fully illuminate the bulb and the second voltage is sufficient to maintain the bulb warm but with little or no light output, a first switch being connected between the first secondary winding and the first rectifier means whereby, when the first switch is open, the bulb is energized solely by the second voltage.

Spissinger, F.H.

1987-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

19

Jacketed lamp bulb envelope  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A jacketed lamp bulb envelope includes a ceramic cup having an open end and a partially closed end, the partially closed end defining an aperture, a lamp bulb positioned inside the ceramic cup abutting the aperture, and a reflective ceramic material at least partially covering a portion of the bulb not abutting the aperture. The reflective ceramic material may substantially fill an interior volume of the ceramic cup not occupied by the bulb. The ceramic cup may include a structural feature for aiding in alignment of the jacketed lamp bulb envelope in a lamp. The ceramic cup may include an external flange about a periphery thereof. One example of a jacketed lamp bulb envelope includes a ceramic cup having an open end and a closed end, a ceramic washer covering the open end of the ceramic cup, the washer defining an aperture therethrough, a lamp bulb positioned inside the ceramic cup abutting the aperture, and a reflective ceramic material filling an interior volume of the ceramic cup not occupied by the bulb. A method of packing a jacketed lamp bulb envelope of the type comprising a ceramic cup with a lamp bulb disposed therein includes the steps of filling the ceramic cup with a flowable slurry of reflective material, and applying centrifugal force to the cup to pack the reflective material therein.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD); Gitsevich, Aleksandr (Gaithersburg, MD); Bass, Gary K. (Mt. Airy, MD); Dolan, James T. (Frederick, MD); Kipling, Kent (Gaithersburg, MD); Kirkpatrick, Douglas A. (Great Falls, VA); Leng, Yongzhang (Damascus, MD); Levin, Izrail (Silver Spring, MD); Roy, Robert J. (Frederick, MD); Shanks, Bruce (Gaithersburg, MD); Smith, Malcolm (Alexandria, VA); Trimble, William C. (Columbia, MD); Tsai, Peter (Olney, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new lightbulbs gives you the greatest energy savings, reliability, and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts July 29, 2012 - 5:16pm Addthis Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. Many incandescent lightbulbs can be replaced with more energy efficient options. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/ClarkandCompany. What does this mean for me? For the greatest energy efficiency, use new fixtures with new lightbulbs. Replace A-type lightbulbs with more energy-efficient options such as CFLs, LEDs, and energy-saving (halogen) incandescents. Matching replacement lightbulbs to existing fixtures and ballasts can be tricky, especially with older fixtures. Using new fixtures made for new

22

Labeling energy cost on light bulbs lowers implicit discount rates Jihoon Min a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis Labeling energy cost on light bulbs lowers implicit discount rates Jihoon Min a , Inês L considerably. To quantify the influence of factors that drive consumer choices for light bulbs, we conducted incandescent bulbs. About half of the total lighting service (in terms of lumens) was provided by incandes

Michalek, Jeremy J.

23

Whole Product Performance for 2X High-Efficiency Incandescent Lamps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FirstEnergy (FE) approached EPRIs Lighting Lab in 2011 to validate the performance of a newly developed 2X incandescent lighting technology developed by a manufacturing company in their service territory. This manufacturer claimed that their product was identical in light output, but twice (2X) as efficient as traditional 100W incandescent bulbs. In collaboration with FE, EPRI conducted a series of tests to independently verify the energy and photometric performance of this ...

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

24

2X Incandescent Lamp Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The incandescent lamp was developed during the 1800s, largely reaching the design of the traditional incandescent lamp as we know it by the late 1800s.This lamp remained largely unchanged for years, providing most commercial and residential lighting demands into the 1950s and residential lighting into the 2000s. Asnew lighting technologies became available, the low efficacy, measured in lumens per watt, of the traditional incandescent lamp became an issue which many wanted to ...

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

The History of the Light Bulb | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The History of the Light Bulb The History of the Light Bulb The History of the Light Bulb November 22, 2013 - 1:00pm Addthis History of the Light Bulb Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Daniel Wood Daniel Wood Data Integration Specialist What are the key facts? Like all great inventions, the light bulb can't be credited to one inventor. It was a series of small improvements on the ideas of previous inventors that have led to the light bulbs we use in our homes today. Learn more about the history of the incandescent light bulb. Explore the history of fluorescent lights, from the Geissler tube to CFLs. Read about the advancements in LED lights. More than 150 years ago, inventors began working on a bright idea that would have a dramatic impact on how we use energy in our homes and offices.

26

The History of the Light Bulb | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The History of the Light Bulb The History of the Light Bulb The History of the Light Bulb November 22, 2013 - 1:00pm Addthis History of the Light Bulb Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Daniel Wood Daniel Wood Data Integration Specialist What are the key facts? Like all great inventions, the light bulb can't be credited to one inventor. It was a series of small improvements on the ideas of previous inventors that have led to the light bulbs we use in our homes today. Learn more about the history of the incandescent light bulb. Explore the history of fluorescent lights, from the Geissler tube to CFLs. Read about the advancements in LED lights. More than 150 years ago, inventors began working on a bright idea that would have a dramatic impact on how we use energy in our homes and offices.

27

COST EFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY BUTTONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

placed into light bulb sockets (Edison sockets) and the lampbe inserted into the same Edison type socket that is usedto injury. In addition, Edison sockets that are hori~

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Energy Savings and NOx Emissions Reduction Potential from the 2012 Federal Legislation to Phase Out Incandescent Lamps in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report provides detailed information about the potential savings from the 2012 Federal Legislation to phase out incandescent lamps and the NOx emissions reduction from the replacement of incandescent bulbs with Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFL). In Texas, this analysis includes the savings estimates from both the annual and Ozone Season Day (OSD) NOx reductions. The NOx emissions reduction in this analysis are calculated using estimated emissions factors for 2007 from the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) eGRID database, which had been specially prepared for this purpose.

Liu, Zi; Baltazar, Juan Carlos; Haberl, Jeff; Soman, Rohit

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fluorescent and Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps Public Meeting on AddThis.com... About Standards & Test Procedures Implementation, Certification & Enforcement

30

A Winning Light Bulb With the Potential to Save the Nation Billions |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Winning Light Bulb With the Potential to Save the Nation Billions A Winning Light Bulb With the Potential to Save the Nation Billions A Winning Light Bulb With the Potential to Save the Nation Billions August 4, 2011 - 3:09pm Addthis This 10-watt alternative LED bulb (which glows white when turned on) could save the nation about 35 terawatt-hours of electricity or $3.9 billion in one year and avoid 20 million metric tons of carbon emissions if every 60-watt incandescent bulb in the U.S. was replaced with the L Prize winner. | Photo Courtesy of Philips Lighting North America This 10-watt alternative LED bulb (which glows white when turned on) could save the nation about 35 terawatt-hours of electricity or $3.9 billion in one year and avoid 20 million metric tons of carbon emissions if every 60-watt incandescent bulb in the U.S. was replaced with the L Prize winner.

31

Wiring Switches to Light Bulbs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given n buttons and n bulbs so that the ith button toggles the ith bulb and at most two other bulbs, we compute the sharp lower bound on the number of bulbs that can be lit regardless of the action of the buttons.

Buckley, Stephen M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of Light Bulb  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of Light Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of Light Bulb Products Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart Distribution of Light Bulb Products August 6, 2010 - 4:26pm Addthis The Department has issued Notices of Allowance to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation and Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Company determining, based on corrected test data provided by Westinghouse, that the incandescent reflector lamps listed below are compliant with the federal energy conservation standard and may be sold in the United States. These 11 Westinghouse brand lamps, usually used in recessed light fixtures, correspond to 7 basic models, which are manufactured in China by Fuzhou. DOE had previously issued Notices requiring Fuzhou and Westinghouse to

33

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

out" of less-efficient bulbs will begin with 100 watt bulbs in 2012; lesser wattage light bulbs will then be gradually removed from distribution, ending with noncompliant 40...

34

Bulb mounting of solar cell  

SciTech Connect

An energy converting assembly is provided for parasiting of light from a fluorescent light bulb utilizing a solar cell. The solar cell is mounted on a base member elongated in the dimension of elongation of the fluorescent bulb, and electrical interconnections to the cell are provided. A flexible sheet of opaque material having a flat white interior reflective surface surrounds the fluorescent bulb and reflects light emitted from the bulb back toward the bulb and the solar cell. The reflective sheet is tightly held in contact with the bottom of the bulb by adhesive, a tie strap, an external clip, or the like.

Thompson, M.E.

1983-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

35

Information Resources: L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs This September 23, 2008 webcast provided an overview of the Bright Tomorrow Lighting Prize (L Prize) technology competition. The L Prize calls for super-efficient SSL products to replace two of the most common light bulbs used today: the 60-watt incandescent and the PAR-38 halogen reflector. Kelly Gordon, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, kicked off the webcast with an overview of the competition requirements, evaluation process, and opportunities for promotion of the winning products. Mary Matteson Bryan, Pacific Gas & Electric, and Liesel Whitney-Schulte, Wisconsin Focus on Energy, followed with a look at the role of L Prize partners and plans for their organizations to support the winning products through demonstrations, education, promotions, and other collaborative efforts.

36

Consumer Light Bulb Changes: Briefing and Resources for Media and Retailers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Briefing for Media and Retailers - Lighting eere.energy.gov Briefing for Media and Retailers - Lighting eere.energy.gov 1 Consumer Light Bulb Changes: Briefing and Resources for Media and Retailers Briefing for Media and Retailers - Lighting eere.energy.gov 2 * Briefing: - To schedule interviews, please contact DOE Public Affairs at 202-586-4940 * Terms: - Lumens: Commonly a measure of brightness (technically "luminous flux") - CFL: Compact Fluorescent Lamp: The curly fluorescent bulbs - LED: Light Emitting Diode: more recently emerging technology, also called "solid state lighting" as it is light produced by a solid-state (chip) device - General Service Incandescent Lamp: The most common residential light bulb in use, with a medium screw base, and a lumen range of 310 to 2,600 lumens

37

1997 Glossary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

All types of light bulbs are included: incandescent, fluorescent, compact fluorescent, halogen, and high-intensity-discharge (HID). (See Appliances ...

38

Spatial assessment of net mercury emissions from the use of fluorescent bulbs  

SciTech Connect

While fluorescent lighting is an important technology for reducing electrical energy demand, mercury used in the bulbs is an ongoing concern. Using state and country level data, net emissions of mercury from the marginal use of fluorescent lightbulbs are examined for a base year of 2004 for each of the 50 United States and 130 countries. Combustion of coal for electric power generation is generally the largest source of atmospheric mercury pollution; reduction in electricity demand from the substitution of incandescent bulbs with fluorescents leads to reduced mercury emissions during the use of the bulb. This analysis considers the local mix of power sources, coal quality, thermal conversion efficiencies, distribution losses, and any mercury control technologies that might be in place. Emissions of mercury from production and end-of-life treatment of the bulbs are also considered, providing a life-cycle perspective. Net reductions in mercury over the entire life cycle range from -1.2 to 97 mg per bulb depending on the country. The consequences for atmospheric mercury emissions of several policy scenarios are also discussed. 46 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Matthew J. Eckelman; Paul T. Anastas; Julie B. Zimmerman [Yale University, New Haven, CT (United States). Department of Chemical Engineering

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

39

Lamp bulb with integral reflector  

SciTech Connect

An improved electrodeless discharge lamp bulb includes an integral ceramic reflector as a portion of the bulb envelope. The bulb envelope further includes two pieces, a reflector portion or segment is cast quartz ceramic and a light transmissive portion is a clear fused silica. In one embodiment, the cast quartz ceramic segment includes heat sink fins or stubs providing an increased outside surface area to dissipate internal heat. In another embodiment, the quartz ceramic segment includes an outside surface fused to eliminate gas permeation by polishing.

Levin, Izrail (Silver Spring, MD); Shanks, Bruce (Gaithersburg, MD); Sumner, Thomas L. (Wheaton, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

90PAR38130 Addthis Related Articles DOE Requires Westinghouse to Cease Sales of Two Light Bulb Models and Allows Sale of Another Westinghouse and Fuzhou Permitted to Restart...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Energy Conversion: Solid-State Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and global climate change. Historically, electric light bulbs have been of the incandescent type. Although this technology was developed more than 100 years ago, it is still in use today. Incandescent light bulbs operate, which allows the bulb to operate at a higher temperature. However, the efficiency of incandescent light

42

Looking for Light Bulbs Elements of a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Looking for Light Bulbs Elements of a Great Business Idea Mike Panesis #12;Housekeeping Register · Elevator Pitch Social,Wed, Nov 28, 6pm Introductions 2 #12;Looking for Light Bulbs Properties of a Great

43

Replacing Incandescent Lightbulbs and Ballasts | Department of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as ellipsoidal reflectors (type-ER) in recessed fixtures. Use reflector (R)or parabolic reflector (PAR) CFLs for flood and spotlighting. Some CFL fixtures have built-in...

44

PQ Hotline Call of the Month - September 2005: Life-Extension and Energy-Saving Devices for Incandescent Light Bulbs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Power Quality Hotline is provided as a service to all Power Quality Knowledge funders. EPRI's Power Quality Knowledge program provides best-in-class information and resource tools needed to manage power quality in a competitive environment, and to understand and solve vexing power quality problems. The program offers a comprehensive collection of unbiased and actionable technical and informational publications and products, educational forums, technical support, and Web-based services to enable ...

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

45

Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with torches? Failure of: ? LEDs/Bulb [1] ? Battery [2] ?http://light.lbl.gov Component Bulb Type LED Incandescentto incandescent bulbs, and low-cost LEDs have achieved price

Tracy, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

EA-1911: Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to amend energy conservation standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Lamps.

47

Types of Lighting | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

selection. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent Incandescent Outdoor solar Light-emitting diode (LED) Also learn how energy-efficient lightbulbs compare to traditional...

48

Consumer Light Bulb Changes: Briefing and Resources for Media...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Consumer Light Bulb Changes: Briefing and Resources for Media and Retailers Consumer Light Bulb Changes: Briefing and Resources for Media and Retailers This presentation provides...

49

Particulate measurement issues in diesel exhausts using laser induced incandescence  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A number of studies in the recent past have identified Laser Induced Incandescence (LII) as a versatile technique for in-flame measurement of soot concentrations. Recently, a number of researchers have focused their attention in adapting this technique to measure particulate in diesel exhausts. However the agreement with established physical sampling techniques, such as the EPA recommended filter paper collection method, was found to be less than ideal. This paper reports the efforts to adapt this technique for diesel exhaust characterization. Many of the factors affecting LII signal were identified through computer modeling. Parameters that could not be determined through such a model were determined experimentally following a parametric study. Subsequently, LII measurements were performed in the exhaust of a modified lab burner, with conditions close to that of diesel engine exhausts. Such measurements show excellent agreement with those performed using the standard filter paper collection technique.

Gupta, S. B.; Poola, R. B.; Sekar, R.

2000-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

50

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--End-Use Equipment  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Energy Consumption Survey Lighting Equipment Standard fluorescent and incandescent light bulbs were the most widely used types of lighting equipment (Figure 3). The vast...

51

Residential Energy Consumption Survey-Glossary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This definition includes appliances and lights used in the home during the year, including ... All types of light bulbs are included: incandescent, ...

52

Quantitative laser-induced incandescence measurements of soot in turbulent pool fires.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Laser-induced incandescence measurements have recently been obtained from 10% and 30% toluene in methanol blended fuel pool fires of 2-m diameter. Calibration of the instrument was performed using an ethylene/air laminar diffusion flame produced by a Santoro-type burner which allowed the extraction of absolute soot-volume-fractions from these images. Performance of the optical probe was characterized using the laminar diffusion flame and corrections were implemented for signal dependence upon detector gain, flat field, and location within the probe laser sheet when processing the images. Probability density functions of the soot-volume fraction were constructed for the blended fuels used in this study and the mean values were determined to be 0.0077 and 0.028 ppm for the 10% and 30% blended fuels, respectively. Signal trapping was estimated for the two types of blended fuel and it was determined to be negligible for the 10% toluene/methanol blend and require {approx}10% correction for the 30% toluene/methanol blend.

Frederickson, Kraig; Grasser, Thomas W.; Kearney, Sean Patrick

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

100 Prisoners and A light Bulb Yisong Song  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

100 Prisoners and A light Bulb Yisong Song 1. Introduction The article represent three different protocols for solving the "100 Prisoners and a Light Bulb" riddle, including the explicit computations only a light bulb with a toggle switch. The prisoner will be able to observe the current state

Morrow, James A.

54

Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with torches? Failure of: ? LEDs/Bulb [1] ? Battery [2] ?to incandescent bulbs, and low cost LEDs have achieved pricepowered LED flashlights. Incandescent bulb flashlights are

Tracy, Jenny

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

LED LAMP OR BULB WITH REMOTE PHOSPHOR AND DIFFUSER ...  

An LED lamp or bulb is disclosed that comprises a light source, a heat sink structure and an optical cavity. The optical cavity comprises a phosphor ...

56

Light bulb standards begin taking effect in 2012 - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

On January 1, 2012, efficiency standards will start taking effect for brighter, higher-wattage general service bulbs. Based on its light output of ...

57

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO SEARCH FOR THE RARE DECAY K0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Type=G41 Approx. $9.37 LED Bulb 40 Lumen equivalent (Sylvania) Lowe's or Home Depot Approx. $22.00 each spectrum with different light sources; compact fluorescent, LED, incandescent. 5. Discuss light bulb. Observe difference of color spectrum with different light sources; compact fluorescent, LED, incandescent

58

L-Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interagency Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International March 15, 2012 Cost of electricity 1 cent per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 8, 2012 Page One 2 Cost of electricity 11 cents per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 9, 2012 Page Two 3 What Is the L Prize? * Technology competition to spur innovation and exceptional performance * Created by Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007) Sec. 655 * Two key lamp replacements: 60W Incandescent and PAR 38 Halogen * Future focus: 21 st Century Lamp * Cash prizes, federal purchasing, utility programs 4 Philips Wins First L Prize * August 3, 2011: Philips

59

L-Prize Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Interagency Technology Deployment Working Group L Prize ® Competition Winner 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp Update James E. Rannels, Senior Advisor L Prize Competition D&R International March 15, 2012 Cost of electricity 1 cent per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 8, 2012 Page One 2 Cost of electricity 11 cents per kilowatt-hour The Washington Post, March 9, 2012 Page Two 3 What Is the L Prize? * Technology competition to spur innovation and exceptional performance * Created by Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA 2007) Sec. 655 * Two key lamp replacements: 60W Incandescent and PAR 38 Halogen * Future focus: 21 st Century Lamp * Cash prizes, federal purchasing, utility programs 4 Philips Wins First L Prize * August 3, 2011: Philips

60

The answer to this question may be found in the following Confucian proverb  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the difference in energy required to light the two different types of light bulbs. We know that one type is more types of light bulbs. The first type, the kind developed by Thomas Edison, using a simple physical principle: when you get something hot, it glows. The hot wire filament inside an incandescent light bulb

Hardy, Darel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T5 Incandescent CFL Halogen Other Total Equipment EfficiencyCFL replacement for incandescent bulbs, and high-efficiency

McNeil, Michael A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs July 12, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Last month, the Federal Trade Commission announced that light bulbs will have a brand new style of packaging, starting in 2011. This is super exciting news! Well, all right, maybe "exciting" is a bit of a stretch, but it's certainly useful if you're thinking in terms of saving money and energy. Which is, I hope, one of the reasons people come to this blog. Example of the Lighting Facts label. The new form is based on a simple idea: There's an absolute ton of different kinds of lighting out there, but for most lights, the only information on the package is the wattage-the amount of power it draws.

63

Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs July 12, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Last month, the Federal Trade Commission announced that light bulbs will have a brand new style of packaging, starting in 2011. This is super exciting news! Well, all right, maybe "exciting" is a bit of a stretch, but it's certainly useful if you're thinking in terms of saving money and energy. Which is, I hope, one of the reasons people come to this blog. Example of the Lighting Facts label. The new form is based on a simple idea: There's an absolute ton of different kinds of lighting out there, but for most lights, the only information on the package is the wattage-the amount of power it draws.

64

Free Energy Efficiency Kit includes CFL light bulbs,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free Energy Efficiency Kit Kit includes CFL light bulbs, spray foam, low-flow shower head, and more i ci e n cy On Thursday, March 31st New River Light & Power will sponsor a seminar that is designed

Rose, Annkatrin

65

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

incandescent bulbs. High-performance incandescent, compact fluorescent, and light-emitting diode (LED) lamps continue to replace low-efficacy incandescent lamps. In 2035,...

66

NETL: Gasification  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in house lighting, where, when mixed with argon, the incandescent light emits a more blue light (typically incandescent bulbs have a yellowish tint). These bulbs are more...

67

Restaurants | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

system Light your exit signs with incandescent bulbs Replace the bulbs with light emitting diode (LED) exit sign retrofit kits Light your parking area with incandescent or...

68

CFL Bulbs: Good or Bad for the Environment? Q: I've heard that CFL bulbs contain mercury and that mercury is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mercury, a tiny amount primarily in vapor form. It is what makes the bulb give off light determines the color of the light that you see. The amount of mercury involved in a typical CFL bulb is 5, there is nothing "magic" about CFL bulbs in this regard. This is exactly how regular fluorescent light tubes work

69

Potential Environmental Impacts from the Metals in Incandescent, Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL), and Light-Emitting Diode (LED)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), and Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Bulbs Seong-Rin Lim, Daniel Kang, Oladele A. Ogunseitan,,§ and Julie M sources with compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) and light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs that use about 70% and 85 lighting systems are transitioning from incandes- cent to compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) and light

Short, Daniel

70

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency | December 1, 2010 What to Do if a Compact Fluorescent Light (CFL) Bulb or  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluorescent Light (CFL) Bulb or Fluorescent Tube Light Bulb Breaks in Your Home1 Fluorescent light bulbs contain a small amount of mercury sealed within the glass tubing. When a fluorescent bulb breaks in your home, some of this mercury is released as mercury vapor. The broken bulb can continue to release

McConnell, Terry

71

Funding Sustainable Initiatives: Should Williams Implement a Revolving Loan Fund?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to replace its incandescent light bulbs with more efficient compact fluorescent (CFL) light bulbs. These light bulbs use 2/3 less energy than #12;Terra 4 standard incandescent bulbs, but they are more

Aalberts, Daniel P.

72

Solid-State Lighting: L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

L Prize(tm): The Race for Super L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools L Prize(tm): The Race for Super Efficient Light Bulbs

73

DOE Requires Westinghouse to Cease Sales of Two Light Bulb Models...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Westinghouse to Cease Sales of Two Light Bulb Models and Allows Sale of Another DOE Requires Westinghouse to Cease Sales of Two Light Bulb Models and Allows Sale of Another October...

74

Wet-Bulb Temperature from Relative Humidity and Air Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An equation is presented for wet-bulb temperature as a function of air temperature and relative humidity at standard sea level pressure. It was found as an empirical fit using gene-expression programming. This equation is valid for relative ...

Roland Stull

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

THE LIGHT BULB PROBLEM 1 Ramamohan Paturi2 Sanguthevar Rajasekaran3 John Reif3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE LIGHT BULB PROBLEM 1 Ramamohan Paturi2 Sanguthevar Rajasekaran3 John Reif3 Univ. of California, San Diego Univ. of Pennsylvania Duke University 1 #12;Running Title: The Light Bulb Problem, 1985 and 1988: We have a sequence of n random light bulbs each of which is either on or off with equal

Rajasekaran, Sanguthevar

76

How Many CASTLE Bulbs Would You Need To Match the Brightness of the Sun?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

million miles), so if we were to try to build the Sun out of light bulbs, we'd need a bunch! But, how many objects: the Sun, and a CASTLE light bulb. What do we mean by "brightness?" The electromagnetic (EM radiation, while the more efficient fluorescent bulb emits only visible light. Everyone knows

Collar, Juan I.

77

THE LIGHT BULB PROBLEM 1 Ramamohan Paturi 2 Sanguthevar Rajasekaran 3 John Reif 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE LIGHT BULB PROBLEM 1 Ramamohan Paturi 2 Sanguthevar Rajasekaran 3 John Reif 3 Univ. of California, San Diego Univ. of Pennsylvania Duke University 1 #12; Running Title: The Light Bulb Problem, 1985 and 1988: We have a sequence of n random light bulbs each of which is either on or o# with equal

Reif, John H.

78

THE LIGHT BULB PROBLEM 1 Ramamohan Paturi2 Sanguthevar Rajasekaran3 John Reif3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE LIGHT BULB PROBLEM 1 Ramamohan Paturi2 Sanguthevar Rajasekaran3 John Reif3 Univ. of California Title: The Light Bulb Problem Corresponding Author: Ramamohan Paturi Department of Computer Science Mail correlational learning problem due to L. G. Valiant, 1985 and 1988: We have a sequence of n random light bulbs

Rajasekaran, Sanguthevar

79

Tired of changing light bulbs AND want to save money? Still using 100 year-old technology?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tired of changing light bulbs AND want to save money? Still using 100 year-old technology? TAKE THE COMPACT FLUORESCENT LIGHT BULB CHALLENGE! · A 23 W Compact bulb gives the same light as a 100W regular are you waiting for? Count up the number of light bulbs in your home and go out and replace them

80

Soot temperature measurements and implications for time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TIRE-LII)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emission spectroscopy has been used to determine soot particle temperatures in an ethene diffusion flame both under normal combustion conditions and also after irradiation with an intense laser pulse. On the basis of these measurements, a check on the models and an improvement of parameters underlying time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TIRE-LII) was performed. With this technique a two-dimensionally resolved measurement of soot primary particle sizes is feasible in a combustion process from the ratio of emission signals obtained at two delay times after a laser pulse, as the cooling behavior is characteristic of particle size. For accurate measurements, local gas temperatures must be known, which can be derived from the temperatures of the soot particles themselves. These have been measured by fitting full Planck curves to line-of-sight emission spectra after an inversion algorithm. The temperature and heat of vaporization of soot, which govern the energy and mass loss at high temperatures, were obtained by measurements of maximum particle temperature for various laser irradiances and a fit procedure to the theoretical dependence. Finally, the temperature decay of laser-heated soot was measured with high temporal resolution. Comparisons with model predictions show that soot temperatures are roughly 300 K higher than expected after the onset of vaporization, which indicates deficiencies in the present models of vaporization. It is demonstrated that the TIRE-LII performance is essentially unaffected by these shortcomings if LII signals are detected in a period where conductive heat transfer dominates and an appropriate correction is performed.

Schraml, S.; Dankers, S.; Bader, K.; Will, S.; Leipertz, A.

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

What Light Bulbs Do You Use in Your Home? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

What Light Bulbs Do You Use in Your Home? What Light Bulbs Do You Use in Your Home? What Light Bulbs Do You Use in Your Home? June 1, 2012 - 2:28pm Addthis Earlier this week, Eric Barendsen posted about the differences in costs between traditional and energy efficient light bulbs. Several people already chimed in on the original post. (Thanks a bunch for sharing!) But for today's question of the week, we're wondering: What light bulbs do you use in your own home? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles Are You Prepared for a Blackout? Lighting Choices Save You Money. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes.

82

Westinghouse Pays $50,000 Civil Penalty to Resolve Light Bulb...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the enforcement case against Westinghouse Lighting Corporation for failure to certify its light bulbs as compliant with DOE's federal efficiency requirements and for the sale of at...

83

What Light Bulbs Do You Use in Your Home? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Light Bulbs Do You Use in Your Home? Light Bulbs Do You Use in Your Home? What Light Bulbs Do You Use in Your Home? June 1, 2012 - 2:28pm Addthis Earlier this week, Eric Barendsen posted about the differences in costs between traditional and energy efficient light bulbs. Several people already chimed in on the original post. (Thanks a bunch for sharing!) But for today's question of the week, we're wondering: What light bulbs do you use in your own home? You have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles Are You Prepared for a Blackout? Do You Have Windows That Need Replacing? By taking simple steps to improve your home's energy efficiency, you can save up to 30 percent on your energy bill. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity.

84

DOE Withdraws the Energy Star Label from 34 Compact Fluorescent Light Bulbs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Energy Star Label from 34 Compact Fluorescent the Energy Star Label from 34 Compact Fluorescent Light Bulbs DOE Withdraws the Energy Star Label from 34 Compact Fluorescent Light Bulbs January 26, 2010 - 11:41am Addthis Washington, DC - On January 25th, the General Counsel notified 25 manufacturers that the Department of Energy has withdrawn their right to use the Energy Star label on 34 different models of compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs). The Department took this action after its off-the-shelf testing revealed that the affected models do not last as long in regular use as Energy Star certification would require. As a result, these manufacturers have been informed that they can no longer ship or sell any of the 34 models of CFLs bearing the Energy Star label on the bulb or its packaging. All compact fluorescent light bulbs use about 75 percent less energy and

85

Ensure Long Lifetimes from Electrolytic Capacitors: a Case Study in LED Light Bulbs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Electrolytic capacitors are notorious for short lifetimes in high-temperature applications such as LED light bulbs. The careful selection of these devices with proper interpretation of their specifications is essential to ensure that they do not compromise the life of the end product. This application note discusses this problem with electrolytic capacitors in LED light bulbs and provides an analysis that shows how it is possible to use electrolytics in such products. A similar version of this article appeared on EDN, April 6, 2013. Hot LEDs and Short-Lived Electrolytic Capacitors Several years ago, I worked on a few designs for LED light bulbs. Very early on, it became clear that the temperatures of components in such light bulbs can get quite high. I personally measured component temperatures as high as +130C in light bulbs purchased at local retail stores. Now admittedly, these were early LED bulb designs. Manufacturers now understand that, even though these LED bulbs consume substantially lower power than those they would replace, they still must have good thermal engineering. This is the only way to get the lifetime of the electronics to match the lifetime of the LEDs themselves. I found it disturbing that many of these hot designs contained electrolytic capacitors, which are notorious

Mark Fortunato; Senior Principal; Member Technical Staff

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

600 New Lights Bulbs to Improve Energy Efficiency at DOE | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

600 New Lights Bulbs to Improve Energy Efficiency at DOE 600 New Lights Bulbs to Improve Energy Efficiency at DOE 600 New Lights Bulbs to Improve Energy Efficiency at DOE November 18, 2010 - 10:30am Addthis Ingrid Kolb Director of the Office of Management Starting in September, the Department of Energy has been steadily replacing all 600 light fixtures under our Washington, D.C., Forrestal North Building canopy with state of the art Light Emitting Diode (LED) fixtures. Every new bulb now uses just 23 watts instead of 205 watts. That translates into almost half a million kilowatts hours saved every year. and will cut annual energy consumption at the Department of Energy Headquarters by about 1%. The final new LED fixture under the canopy was installed on October 28, but these lights are just part of a full program to reduce energy consumption

87

Westinghouse Pays $50,000 Civil Penalty to Resolve Light Bulb Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Westinghouse Pays $50,000 Civil Penalty to Resolve Light Bulb Westinghouse Pays $50,000 Civil Penalty to Resolve Light Bulb Efficiency Violations Westinghouse Pays $50,000 Civil Penalty to Resolve Light Bulb Efficiency Violations December 13, 2010 - 2:12pm Addthis The Department of Energy has successfully resolved the enforcement case against Westinghouse Lighting Corporation for failure to certify its light bulbs as compliant with DOE's federal efficiency requirements and for the sale of at least 29,000 general service fluorescent and medium base compact fluorescent lamps that used more energy than permitted by law. This case reflects DOE's renewed commitment to enforce the federal efficiency requirements systematically and fairly to level the competitive playing field and to ensure that American consumers are buying products that

88

DOE Requires Westinghouse to Cease Sales of Two Light Bulb Models and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Requires Westinghouse to Cease Sales of Two Light Bulb Models Requires Westinghouse to Cease Sales of Two Light Bulb Models and Allows Sale of Another DOE Requires Westinghouse to Cease Sales of Two Light Bulb Models and Allows Sale of Another October 18, 2010 - 10:27am Addthis As a part of DOE's continuing enforcement action against Westinghouse Lighting Corporation, the company must cease sales of two light bulb models - medium based CFL basic model 15GLOBE/65/2 (Westinghouse product code 3800400) and general service fluorescent lamp model F40T12/CWE (Westinghouse product code 07521000) - because they do not meet DOE's energy efficiency standards. Based on test data provided by Westinghouse for basic model 15GLOBE/65/2, DOE has issued a Notice of Non-Compliance Determination to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation, requiring Westinghouse to halt sales and notify all

89

DOE Requires Westinghouse to Cease Sales of Two Light Bulb Models and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Requires Westinghouse to Cease Sales of Two Light Bulb Models Requires Westinghouse to Cease Sales of Two Light Bulb Models and Allows Sale of Another DOE Requires Westinghouse to Cease Sales of Two Light Bulb Models and Allows Sale of Another October 18, 2010 - 10:27am Addthis As a part of DOE's continuing enforcement action against Westinghouse Lighting Corporation, the company must cease sales of two light bulb models - medium based CFL basic model 15GLOBE/65/2 (Westinghouse product code 3800400) and general service fluorescent lamp model F40T12/CWE (Westinghouse product code 07521000) - because they do not meet DOE's energy efficiency standards. Based on test data provided by Westinghouse for basic model 15GLOBE/65/2, DOE has issued a Notice of Non-Compliance Determination to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation, requiring Westinghouse to halt sales and notify all

90

Direct Calculation of Thermodynamic Wet-Bulb Temperature as a Function of Pressure and Elevation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple analytical method was developed for directly calculating the thermodynamic wet-bulb temperature from air temperature and the vapor pressure (or relative humidity) at elevations up to 4500 m above MSL was developed. This methodology was ...

Sayed-Hossein Sadeghi; Troy R. Peters; Douglas R. Cobos; Henry W. Loescher; Colin S. Campbell

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Direct Calculation of Thermodynamic Wet Bulb Temperature as a Function of Pressure and Elevation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple analytical method was developed for directly calculating the thermodynamic wet bulb temperature from air temperature and the vapor pressure (or relative humidity) at any desired elevation. This methodology was based on the fact that the ...

Sayed-Hossein Sadeghi; Troy R. Peters; Douglas R. Cobos; Henry W. Loescher; Colin S. Campbell

92

A critical period for activity-dependent synaptic development during olfactory bulb adult neurogenesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New neurons integrate in large numbers into the mature olfactory bulb circuit throughout life. The factors controlling the synaptic development of adult-born neurons and their connectivity remain essentially unknown. We ...

Kelsch, Wolfgang

93

A Winning Light Bulb With the Potential to Save the Nation Billions...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nation billions of dollars annually. I'm referring to a revolutionary 10-watt light emitting diode (LED) bulb developed by Philips Lighting North America -- the first winner of...

94

600 New Lights Bulbs to Improve Energy Efficiency at DOE | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

our Washington, D.C., Forrestal North Building canopy with state of the art Light Emitting Diode (LED) fixtures. Every new bulb now uses just 23 watts instead of 205 watts....

95

Exam Stochastic Processes 2WB08 January 29, 2007 A light bulb burns for an amount of time having distribution F(), with Laplace trans-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exam Stochastic Processes 2WB08 ­ January 29, 2007 Problem 1: A light bulb burns for an amount moment µ2. When the light bulb burns out, it is immediately replaced by another light bulb which has the same life time distribution F(·), etc. Let m(t) be the mean number of replacements of light bulbs upto

Giardinà, Cristian

96

DOE/EA-1664: Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps (June 2009)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Environmental Assessment for 10 CFR Part 430 Energy Conservation Standards: Energy Conservation Standards for Fluorescent and Incandescent Lamps June 2009 16-i CHAPTER 16. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS 16.1 INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................... 16-1 16.2 AIR EMISSIONS ANALYSIS...................................................................................... 16-1 16.2.1 Air Emissions Descriptions............................................................................................ 16-1 16.2.2 Air Quality Regulation................................................................................................... 16-3 16.2.3 Global Climate Change..................................................................................................

97

Demand for Environmentally-Friendly Durables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dataset of weekly light bulb sales covering 210 stores in 13sales of incandescent light bulbs: sales of 100-watt bulbs5% of total light bulb sales; by 2006 CFL market share was

Martin, Leslie Aimee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Achieving Extreme Efficiency: How to get the job done when energy is extremely expensive and scarce  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

include light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs, organic LED (OLED)60W incandescent bulb, is a LED bulb that is now GeneralBy comparison, basic LED bulbs generally have efficiencies

Brown, Rich

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and solar panels. 17. Key Words Solar Energy, Light Emitting Diodes (LED), Intersections, Incandescent Bulbs to power our traffic signals as well as switching the traditional incandescent bulbs to LED. Since the city

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Zinc Oxide and Nitride Nanowire Based Light Emitting Diodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lumens/W, the LED beats the incandescent bulb and is on thefor an LED as opposed to an incandescent light bulb as shownbulb, fluorescent lamp, and blue light emitting diode. (24) (25) 2.2 LED

Lai, Elaine Michelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Light bulb standards begin taking effect in 2012. November 28, 2011 ... Incandescent bulbs still play a role in the future of lighting. February 10, ...

103

The Better Buildings Neighborhood View - December 10, 2013  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

traditional incandescent bulbs? Consider installing energy efficient compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) in your basement lighting fixtures. Light Neighborhood View to Become...

104

It's Elemental - The Element Tungsten  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

melting point of all metallic elements and is used to make filaments for incandescent light bulbs, fluorescent light bulbs and television tubes. Tungsten expands at nearly the...

105

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

incentive program for citizens to exchange incandescent bulbs for compact fluorescent or light-emitting diode bulbs. Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: A1, A9,...

106

CX-009174: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

incentive program for citizens to exchange incandescent bulbs for compact fluorescent or light-emitting diode bulbs. CX-009174.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-008898:...

107

Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Light bulb standards begin taking effect in 2012. November 28, 2011 ... Incandescent bulbs still play a role in the future of lighting. March 15, 2011

108

Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Light bulb standards begin taking effect in 2012. March 23, 2011 Incandescent bulbs still play a role in the future of lighting.

109

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Compact fluorescent bulbs: ... Many screw into a standard light socket, and most produce a similar color of light as a standard incandescent bulb.

110

EPA_T1542_SECTOR_HigherEdA  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

bulb swap in the residence halls and replaced 400 incandescents with compact fluorescent light bulbs. When talking to colleges and universities about energy efficiency, it is...

111

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

lighting retrofits at community facilities. Retrofits would consist of changing out fixtures to accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs instead of relying on incandescent bulbs....

112

CX-007832: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. Upgrade incandescent bulbs to light-emitting diode bulbs at City Hall and Community Center. U.S. Department of Energy NEPA...

113

2009 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 2901-9004 Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, o  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

return on your investment when you replace your most frequently used incandescent light bulbs with CFLS and living rooms and kitchen. It is estimated that if every household in the U.S. changed just one light bulb" Light Bulbs Work? Incandescent bulbs or "regular" bulbs consist of finely coiled wire filaments

Liskiewicz, Maciej

114

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Changes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Changes in Lighting Changes in Lighting The percentage of commercial buildings with lighting was unchanged between 1995 and 2003; however, three lighting types did show change in usage. Compact fluorescent lamps and halogen lamps showed a significant increase between 1995 and 2003 while the use of incandescent lights declined. The lighting questions in the 1995, 1999, and 2003 CBECS questionnaires were virtually identical which facilitates comparison across survey years. The use of compact fluorescent lamps more than doubled, from just under 10 percent of lit buildings to more than 20 percent (Figure 17 and Table 5). The use of halogen lamps nearly doubled, from 7 percent to 13 percent of lit buildings. Use of incandescent lights was the only lighting type to decline; their use dropped from 59 percent to just over one-half of lit buildings.

115

Why Did the LED Light Bulb Cross the Road? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Why Did the LED Light Bulb Cross the Road? Why Did the LED Light Bulb Cross the Road? Why Did the LED Light Bulb Cross the Road? January 24, 2012 - 1:31pm Addthis Big Bill and Little Bill are here to talk with you about energy efficiency on behalf of Energy Impact Illinois. Roland Risser Roland Risser Program Director, Building Technologies Office How can I participate? You can view all of Big Bill and Little Bill's videos on the Energy Bill's YouTube channel. Everyone knows that laughter is good for you. Studies suggest it can buffer stress and increase your resistance to disease. Also, it just feels great to laugh. Advertisers have long used the allure of laughter to sell their products, and many Americans tune in to the Super Bowl just to chuckle at the funny commercials. However, when it comes to selling people on smart

116

Why Did the LED Light Bulb Cross the Road? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Why Did the LED Light Bulb Cross the Road? Why Did the LED Light Bulb Cross the Road? Why Did the LED Light Bulb Cross the Road? January 24, 2012 - 1:31pm Addthis Big Bill and Little Bill are here to talk with you about energy efficiency on behalf of Energy Impact Illinois. Roland Risser Roland Risser Program Director, Building Technologies Office How can I participate? You can view all of Big Bill and Little Bill's videos on the Energy Bill's YouTube channel. Everyone knows that laughter is good for you. Studies suggest it can buffer stress and increase your resistance to disease. Also, it just feels great to laugh. Advertisers have long used the allure of laughter to sell their products, and many Americans tune in to the Super Bowl just to chuckle at the funny commercials. However, when it comes to selling people on smart

117

Soot particle sizing during high-pressure Diesel spray combustion via time-resolved laser-induced incandescence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single-pulse time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TiRe-LII) signal transients from soot particulates were acquired during unsteady high pressure Diesel combustion in a constant volume cell for typical top dead center conditions during a Diesel engine cycle. Measurements were performed for initial gas pressures between 1 and 3 MPa, injection pressures between 50 and 130 MPa and laser probe timings between 5 and 16 ms after start of fuel injection. In separate experiments and for the same cell operating conditions gas temperatures were deduced from spectrally resolved soot pyrometry measurements. Implementing the LII model of Kock et al. [Combust. Flame 147 (2006) 79-92] ensemble mean soot particle diameters were evaluated from least-squares fitting of theoretical cooling curves to experimental TiRe-LII signal transients. Since in the experiments the environmental gas temperature and the width of an assumed particle size distribution were not known, the effects of the initial choice of these parameters on retrieved particle diameters were investigated. It is shown that evaluated mean particle diameters are only slightly biased by the choice of typical size distribution widths and gas temperatures. For a fixed combustion phase mean particle diameters are not much affected by gas pressure, however they become smaller at high fuel injection pressure. At a mean chamber pressure of 1.39 MPa evaluated mean particle diameters increased by a factor of two for probe delays between 5 and 16 ms after start of injection irrespective of the choices of first-guess fitting variables, indicating a certain robustness of data analysis procedure. (author)

Ryser, R.; Gerber, T.; Dreier, T. [Reaction Analysis Group, Department of General Energy, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

118

Soot particle sizing during high-pressure Diesel spray combustion via time-resolved laser-induced incandescence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single-pulse time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TiRe-LII) signal transients from soot particulates were acquired during unsteady high pressure Diesel combustion in a constant volume cell for typical top dead center conditions during a Diesel engine cycle. Measurements were performed for initial gas pressures between 1 and 3 MPa, injection pressures between 50 and 130 MPa and laser probe timings between 5 and 16 ms after start of fuel injection. In separate experiments and for the same cell operating conditions gas temperatures were deduced from spectrally resolved soot pyrometry measurements. Implementing the LII model of Kock et al. [Combust. Flame 147 (20006) 79-92] ensemble mean soot particle diameters were evaluated from least-squares fitting of theoretical cooling curves to experimental TiRe-LII signal transients. Since in the experiments the environmental gas temperature and the width of an assumed particle size distribution were not known, the effects of the initial choice of these parameters on retrieved particle diameters were investigated. It is shown that evaluated mean particle diameters are only slightly biased by the choice of typical size distribution widths and gas temperatures. For a fixed combustion phase mean particle diameters are not much affected by gas pressure, however they become smaller at high fuel injection pressure. At a mean chamber pressure of 1.39 MPa evaluated mean particle diameters increased by a factor of two for probe delays between 5 and 16 ms after start of injection irrespective of the choices of first-guess fitting variables, indicating a certain robustness of data analysis procedure. (author)

Ryser, R.; Gerber, T.; Dreier, T. [Reaction Analysis Group, Department of General Energy, Paul Scherrer Institute, CH-5232 Villigen (Switzerland)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

119

Fabrication of Emissible Metallic Layer-by-Layer Photonic ...  

Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a method for increasing the efficiency of conventional incandescent light bulbs.

120

NIST Light Source Illuminates Fusion Power Diagnostics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Their measurement tool also is used in incandescent light bulbsit's the element tungsten. Published with permission of ITER. ...

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Full Spectrum Light Therapy Full spectrum light bulbs are said to not only improve mood, but also  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Full Spectrum Light Therapy Full spectrum light bulbs are said to not only improve mood, but also spectrum light bulbs produce light that is seen by the human eye in a bluish-white tint. Where is full energy, learning ability, and behavior. Light therapy mimics outdoor light and causes a biochemical

Bates, Rebecca A.

122

Chapter 30: Quantum Physics 9. The tungsten filament in a standard light bulb can be considered a blackbody radiator.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 1 Chapter 30: Quantum Physics 9. The tungsten filament in a standard light bulb can be considered frequency is that of infrared electromagnetic radiation, the light bulb radiates more energy in the infrared. The light from a flashlight can be considered as the emission of many photons of the same frequency

Kioussis, Nicholas

123

Mentoring New Visions Students Design Lab Sustainability Team  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to power our traffic signals as well as switching the traditional incandescent bulbs to LED. Since the city and solar panels. 17. Key Words Solar Energy, Light Emitting Diodes (LED), Intersections, Incandescent Bulbs to power our traffic signals as well as switching the traditional incandescent bulbs to LED. Since the city

Linhardt, Robert J.

124

Hurdling barriers through market uncertainty: Case studies in innovative technology adoption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4.5-watt LED lamps replacing the incandescent bulbs. The LEDwatt incandescent bulbs to 4.5 watt LEDs will save 55 kW xLED lamps were compatible with the existing framework of lamp operation they could be used in the same way the incandescent bulbs

Payne, Christopher T.; Radspieler Jr., Anthony; Payne, Jack

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Executive Summary Executive Summary Potential Savings The overwhelming majority of lights in residential households are incandescent--the least energy efficient of all light types (Figure ES1.). If households replaced the most intensively used bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbs, they would see a sizable savings in their electric bills. The total U.S. household energy that would be saved by replacing all incandescent bulbs used 4 or more hours per day would be 31.7 billion kilowatthours (kWh) annually, or 35 percent of all electricity used for residential lighting. The amount of time it takes for households to see a simple payback from compact fluorescent bulbs depends on the price of electricity. Assuming a 26-watt compact fluorescent bulb that costs 22 dollars, an average sized

126

GREEN LIVING Replace incandencent and halogen light bulbs with LED and CLFs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GREEN LIVING GUIDE ENERGY TRAVEL FOOD sustain yosef WATER Replace incandencent and halogen light bulbs with LED and CLFs TURN YOUR COMPUTER OFF! Any time you will be gone for an hour or more for your laundry RESIST THAT SWITCH! Use natural light during the day, and no lights when you are gone USE

Thaxton, Christopher S.

127

An Efficient and Accurate Method for Computing the Wet-Bulb Temperature along Pseudoadiabats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new technique for computing the wet-bulb potential temperature of a parcel and its temperature after pseudoadiabatic ascent or descent to a new pressure level is presented. It is based on inverting Boltons most accurate formula for equivalent ...

Robert Davies-Jones

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

The History of the Light Bulb | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Future is Here One of the fastest developing lighting technologies today is the light-emitting diode (or LED). A type of solid-state lighting, LEDs use a semiconductor to convert...

129

A Second UV "Light Bulb" behind the SN 1006 Remnant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A point X-ray source located 9 arcmin northeast of the center of SN~1006 has been spectroscopically identified as a background QSO, with a redshift of 0.335. The object is moderately bright, with magnitude V=18.3. If its ultraviolet spectrum is typical of low-z quasars, this object will be a second (after the Schweizer-Middleditch star) source to use for absorption spectroscopy of material within SN 1006. Absorption spectra provide a unique probe for unshocked ejecta within this supernova remnant, and can possibly solve the long-standing problem of "missing" iron in the remnants of Type Ia supernovae.

Winkler, P F; Long, Knox S.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

A Second UV "Light Bulb" behind the SN 1006 Remnant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A point X-ray source located 9 arcmin northeast of the center of SN~1006 has been spectroscopically identified as a background QSO, with a redshift of 0.335. The object is moderately bright, with magnitude V=18.3. If its ultraviolet spectrum is typical of low-z quasars, this object will be a second (after the Schweizer-Middleditch star) source to use for absorption spectroscopy of material within SN 1006. Absorption spectra provide a unique probe for unshocked ejecta within this supernova remnant, and can possibly solve the long-standing problem of "missing" iron in the remnants of Type Ia supernovae.

P. Frank Winkler; Knox S. Long

1997-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

131

By Stanley Micklavzina, Asher Tubman, and Frank Vignola for the Meyer Fund for Sustainable Development and the University of Oregon Department of Physics and the Solar Radiation Monitoring Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) of light on the PV cell output current. To answer the question of why fluorescent bulbs are more voltmeter 2 Lamps Light Filters 60W Incandescent Bulb Compact Fluorescent Bulb (13W Comparable light of wavelength (color) of light on the output of a solar cell. Using an incandescent light bulb, the current

Oregon, University of

132

Energy-Efficient Lighting The typical American family spends more  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) saves you money in the long run with lower energy bills. CFLs are significant Typical incandescent 75-watt light bulb Compact Fluorescent 18-watt light bulb Purchase cost $0.60 $ 5 that incandescent bulbs use becomes heat while only 10 percent becomes light. CFLs create less heat because more

133

Laser-induced incandescence and elastic-scattering measurements of particulate-matter volume fraction changes during passage through a dilution tunnel  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Modern diesel engines produce far less mass of particulate matter than their predecessors, but this advance has been achieved at the expense of a significant increase in the number of sub-micron sized particles. This change in soot morphology has created the need for new instrumentation capable of measuring small volumes and sizes of particulate matter in a reasonable period of time, and preferably in real-time. Laser-induced incandescence and laser elastic scattering are complementary techniques suitable for this task. Optical measurements are presented for a diesel engine exhaust and compared with measurements performed using a scanning mobility particle sizer. This study investigates the effects of exhaust dilution and temperature control of the sampling system. It is also shown that laser-induced vaporization of low temperature volatile material is a potentially valuable technique for measuring the volatile component of exhaust particulate matter.

Robert M. Green; Peter O. Witze

2000-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

134

,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent","High-Intensity Discharge","Halogen"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

B39. Lighting Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" B39. Lighting Equipment, Floorspace, 1999" ,"Total Floorspace (million square feet)" ,"All Buildings","All Lit Buildings","Lighting Equipment (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent","High-Intensity Discharge","Halogen" "All Buildings ................",67338,64321,38156,60344,20666,19223,17926 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",6774,5859,2946,5154,738,245,600 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",8238,7464,4047,6722,1108,663,991 "10,001 to 25,000 .............",11153,10393,6055,9815,1759,1701,1996 "25,001 to 50,000 .............",9311,9053,5004,8344,2296,2224,1611

135

EERE Roofus' Solar and Efficient Home: Lights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by buying energy-saving light bulbs. I use these light bulbs to save energy in my solar house Most people have incandescent (IN-CAN-DE-SENT) light bulbs in their house. If...

136

Estimate of Technical Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in practice current LED bulbs are generally no better thanof 100- lm/W LED general-purpose light bulbs is achievable,incandescent light bulbs. Although white LEDs can achieve

Letschert, Virginie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Demand for Environmentally-Friendly Durables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs). These bulbs are even more4 W LED for 15 W CFL replacing a 60 watt incandescent bulb),Diodes (LEDs). Characteristics of three generations of bulb

Martin, Leslie Aimee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Lighting in Residential and Commercial Buildings (1993 and 1995 Data)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Types > 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment Types > 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment 1995 CBECS Lighting Equipment Profile Lighting Equipment - Type and Characteristics of Equipment Emits Found In Incandescent Incandescent Light Bulb Produces light by electrically heating a tungsten filament Includes energy-efficient incandescent bulbs, such as Reflector or R-Lamps (accent and task lighting), Parabolic Aluminized Reflector (PAR) lamps (flood and spot lighting), and Ellipsoidal Reflector (ER) lamps (recessed lighting) Highly inefficient because much of the energy is lost as heat 14-18 Lumens Per Watt (LPW) 14% of Lit Commercial Floorspace Standard Fluorescent Lighting with Magnetic Ballast Standard Fluorescent with Magnetic Ballast Produces light by passing electricity through mercury vapor, causing the fluorescent coating to glow or fluoresce

139

Cross-linking of atrial natriuretic peptide to binding sites in rat olfactory bulb membranes  

SciTech Connect

Binding sites for /sup 125/I-atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)2 in rat olfactory bulb membranes have been studied using pharmacological and biochemical methods. Various unlabeled ANP-related peptides were tested for the ability to inhibit the binding of the radioligand in membrane binding assays. ANP(92-126) and ANP(99-126) were the most potent inhibitors tested, both exhibiting an IC50 value of 0.40 nM. ANP(103-126) and ANP(103-123) were 3 and 70 times less potent, respectively. ANP(111-126) was unable to inhibit the binding of the radioligand at a concentration of 1 microM. Several peptides unrelated to ANP were unable to inhibit the binding of the radioligand to rat olfactory bulb membranes. Membranes labeled with /sup 125/I-ANP were incubated with cross-linking agents and subjected to SDS-PAGE followed by autoradiography. A band possessing an apparent molecular mass of 116 kDa was identified. The labeling of this band was progressively decreased by increasing concentrations of unlabeled ANP(99-126) (IC50 = 0.6 nM) and by several other ANP-related peptides at nanomolar concentrations. For comparison purposes, ANP binding sites in rat aorta membranes were labeled with /sup 125/I-ANP and cross-linked using identical techniques. Three bands possessing molecular masses of 120, 72, and 62 kDa were identified. These results indicate that the ANP binding site in rat olfactory bulb membranes displays pharmacological and biochemical properties similar to peripheral ANP receptors.

Wildey, G.M.; Glembotski, C.C.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Compact light source performance in recessed type luminaires  

SciTech Connect

Photometric comparisons were made with an indoor, recessed, type luminaire using incandescent, high intensity discharge and compact fluorescent lamps. The test results show substantial performance advantages, as expected, for the discharge light sources where the efficacy gains can be in the order for 400% even when including the ballast losses associated with the discharge lamps. The candlepower distribution patterns emerging from these luminaries are also different from those associated with the baseline incandescent lamps, and which are in some ways, even more desirable from a uniformity of illuminance perspective. A section on fluorescent lamp starting is also included which describes a system having excellent starting characteristics in terms of electrode starting temperature (RH/RC technique), proper operating frequency to minimize unwanted IR interactions, and satisfactory current crest factor values to help insure life performance.

Hammer, E.E.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential Lighting Profile Residential Lighting Profile This section contains a basic profile of lighting use in residential households. It includes brief discussions about the characteristics and location of lights used in residential households, as well as descriptions of the amount of electricity used for lighting and variations in households' consumption of electricity for lighting. Types of Lights Dominance of Incandescent Lights The majority of light bulbs in residential households are incandescent. According to the RECS Survey, 453 million lights out of a total of 523 million used one or more hours per day are incandescent (87 percent).[8] The Lighting Supplement also estimates that 87 percent of residential lights used 15 minutes or more per day are incandescent. Fluorescent Lights of All Types

142

Mercury Lamps Recycling Fluorescent light-tubes, compact fluorescent bulbs, mercury and sodium vapor lamps, ultraviolet and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mercury Lamps Recycling Fluorescent light-tubes, compact fluorescent bulbs, mercury and sodium light tubes are recycled. They are made from aluminum and metal. Aluminum is a silver-white metal and is very light in weight and strong. Because aluminum is ductile, it can be drawn into wires or pressed

Ungerleider, Leslie G.

143

Green Office Certificate Program (GOCP) Glossary Autoclave: Device to sterilize equipment and supplies by subjecting them to high  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to produce the renewable energy source. Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs): Energy-saving light bulbs, which last longer and use far less energy than traditional (or incandescent) light bulbs for the same level and the environment. Incandescent lamps: (Light bulbs) create light by running electricity through a thin filament

Yamamoto, Keith

144

March 10, 2011 Let There Be More Efficient Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standards for light bulbs, which include a phasing out of incandescent bulbs in favor of more energy-efficient bulbs. The "government has no business telling an individual what kind of light bulb to buy," she during the 20th century. Today we can go to our hardware store and choose from hundreds of light bulbs

Colorado at Boulder, University of

145

Quasars Are Not Light-Bulbs: Testing Models of Quasar Lifetimes with the Observed Eddington Ratio Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the observed distribution of Eddington ratios as a function of supermassive black hole (BH) mass to constrain models of AGN lifetimes and lightcurves. Given the observed AGN luminosity function, a model for AGN lifetimes (time above a given luminosity) translates directly to a predicted Eddington ratio distribution. Models for self-regulated BH growth, in which feedback produces a 'blowout' decay phase after some peak luminosity (shutting down accretion) make specific predictions for the lifetimes distinct from those expected if AGN are simply gas starved (without feedback) and very different from simple phenomenological 'light bulb' models. Present observations of the Eddington ratio distribution, spanning 5 decades in Eddington ratio, 3 in BH mass, and redshifts z=0-1, agree with the predictions of self-regulated models, and rule out 'light-bulb', pure exponential, and gas starvation models at high significance. We compare the Eddington ratio distributions at fixed BH mass and fixed luminosity (both ...

Hopkins, Philip F

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Footnotes Footnotes Residential Lighting: Use and Potential Savings 1. Among light bulbs used 4 or more hours per day, the average length of use is 6.7 hours. 2. Table 5.4 of Energy Information Administration, Household Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1993, DOE/EIA-0321(93). (Washington, DC, October 1995), p. 46. 3. This is according to The Lighting Pattern Book for Homes, 1993, Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. There is some uncertainty about this point. The lighting industry states that compact fluorescent bulbs need only one-fourth the wattage of incandescent bulbs. EIA compared the savings of both 26-watt, 22-dollar compact fluorescent bulbs and 20-watt, 20-dollar compact fluorescent bulbs. There is very little difference in overall savings between these two types

147

Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Extension and expansion of efficiency programs could reduce U.S. total energy usage. June 6, 2012 ... Incandescent bulbs still play a role in the future of lighting.

148

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the areas of efficiency, operating lifetime and the color quality of the emitted light," said Victor Klimov of Los Alamos. Incandescent bulbs, known for converting only 10...

149

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog Tennessee  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

home's energy efficiency. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) provide the same amount of light as incandescent bulbs but use about 75% less energy. CFLs fit into common household...

150

Bicycle Generator Lightbar Indicator ----- Inventors William...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Shana Weber (Princeton University) This invention is a series of incandescent light bulbs that progressively brighten in response to a bicycler's physical effort. By...

151

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

home's energy efficiency. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) provide the same amount of light as incandescent bulbs but use about 75% less energy. CFLs fit into common household...

152

Nanoscale engineering boosts performance of quantum dot light...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provide many advantages over standard lighting technologies, such as incandescent bulbs, especially in the areas of efficiency, operating lifetime and the color quality of...

153

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog Blog Archive Technology...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

home's energy efficiency. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) provide the same amount of light as incandescent bulbs but use about 75% less energy. CFLs fit into common household...

154

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for bathrooms of 42 residences. These retrofits would involve upgrading incandescent light fixtures to those that will accommodate compact fluorescent bulbs. It is estimated...

155

Expediting Home Energy Conservation through Innovative Marketing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lives to address these issues. Besides driving a hybrid car and replacing incandescent light bulbs, many consumers find the options to improve the sustainability of their...

156

Have You Seen the Light? Nearly 1 Million Take Pledge to Make...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

accounts for about 20 percent of a home's electricity use. ENERGY STAR qualified light bulbs and fixtures use about 75 percent less energy than standard incandescent...

157

Improved Photometric Standards and Calibration Procedures ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... from the external source is incident at 45 while the light from the ... A group of twelve 40 W opal-bulb incandescent lamps, operated at ...

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

158

Scanning Electron Microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Bob Gordon of Hitachi explains that the electrons are produced by a tungsten filament, just like in an incandescent light bulb, but since the sample ...

2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

159

New Player in Electron Field Emitter Technology Makes for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Thermionic sources use an electric current to boil electrons off the surface of a wire filament, similar to the way an incandescent light bulb uses an ...

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

160

Technical Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ity of replacing conventional incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lights with LED ... and exciting light sources as a commercial product with a high output.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Advanced Mailer - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 19, 2005 ... subsurface damage were evaluated by white light interferometery, ...... standard incandescent bulbs (~15 lm/W) and is similar to the very best...

162

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

These energy efficiency retrofits would include: (1) installation of compact fluorescent light bulbs, which use 75 percent less energy and last ten times longer than incandescent...

163

SSL Roadmap  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

new jobs. For the most part, LEDs will displace point sources such as incandescent lamps (light- bulbs), while OLEDs will displace area sources such as fluorescent lamps. OLEDs...

164

Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electric grid planners: demand response and energy efficiency to increase. March 23, 2011 Incandescent bulbs still play a role in the future of lighting. February 10 ...

165

Today in Energy - Archive - U.S. Energy Information Administration ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electric grid planners: demand response and energy efficiency to increase. March 23, 2011 Incandescent bulbs still play a role in the future of lighting. March 22, 2011

166

An LED to Read By - Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Apr 27, 2009 ... LEDs convert 20 to 50 percent of their input energy into light. In contrast, a traditional incandescent bulb converts only about five percent of...

167

--No Title--  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

providing lighting retrofits for as many residences and community facilities as the funding permits. Residences for the retrofits will be selected based on need. Incandescent bulbs...

168

CX-000135: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

involve changing the Tribe's street lights from incandescent bulbs to LED (light-emitting diode) lighting fixtures. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-000135.pdf More...

169

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Source  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

of incandescent bulbs with more efficient compact fluorescent lighting and light-emitting diode (LED) lamps. Among electric end-use services in the residential sector,...

170

CX-004962: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

halide light fixtures in the City Hall and Community Center parking lots with light-emitting diode (LED) light fixtures; and 3) replace incandescent light bulbs on traffic...

171

Edison vs. Tesla: Toasting a Rivalry That Drove Innovation |...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the history one of Thomas Edison's most important inventions -- the incandescent light bulb -- in our new interactive timeline. And test your knowledge of these two important...

172

Ames Laboratory Technology Marketing Summaries - Energy ...  

Innovative microstructures that can direct light in a manner similar to the way semiconductors can ... the efficiency of conventional incandescent light bulbs.

173

The Many Applications of Refractory Metals - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From medical imaging to the classic incandescent light bulb, refractory metals are critical in the most high-tech, demanding applications to common everyday...

174

Gary Rozak  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 10, 2012 ... From medical imaging to the classic incandescent light bulb, refractory metals are critical in the most high-tech, demanding applications to...

175

Top 8 Things You Didn't Know About Thomas Alva Edison | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-- pioneered improvements to a variety of inventions, including the incandescent light bulb. 6. Edison left a profound impact on the nation's energy sector. Beyond inventing a...

176

Light emitting polymers on flexible substrates for Naval firefighting applications .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Display technologies in the current market range from the simple and cheap incandescent bulb behind a graphic overlay to the upwardly expensive flat panel high (more)

Brisar, Jon David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Incandescent Lighting | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or pear-shaped A-19 lamps Energy-saving or halogen A-19 lamps Reflector or parabolic reflector (PAR) lamps, sometimes called "flood" or "spot" lamps Standard...

178

Lighting Choices to Save You Money | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ten times longer than a comparable incandescent bulb that puts out the same amount of light. CFL bulbs are available in a range of light colors, including warm (white to...

179

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4-epa-notice-availability-final-environmental-impact-statement Article The History of the Light Bulb From incandescent bulbs to fluorescents to LEDs, we're exploring the long...

180

NETL: Educational Initiatives  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

with double-ended alligator clips 1 - 6 volt lantern battery 1 - 6 volt incandescent light bulb and bulb holder 1 - strip of cardboard 2 - electric conducting tin strips 1 -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-rebuilding-green-homes-after-disaster-revised-fact-sheet Article The History of the Light Bulb From incandescent bulbs to fluorescents to LEDs, we're exploring the long history of...

182

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ffing-analysis-instructions-blank-sheet-and-example-sheet Article The History of the Light Bulb From incandescent bulbs to fluorescents to LEDs, we're exploring the long history of...

183

Quasars Are Not Light-Bulbs: Testing Models of Quasar Lifetimes with the Observed Eddington Ratio Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the observed distribution of Eddington ratios as a function of supermassive black hole (BH) mass to constrain models of AGN lifetimes and lightcurves. Given the observed AGN luminosity function, a model for AGN lifetimes (time above a given luminosity) translates directly to a predicted Eddington ratio distribution. Models for self-regulated BH growth, in which feedback produces a 'blowout' decay phase after some peak luminosity (shutting down accretion) make specific predictions for the lifetimes distinct from those expected if AGN are simply gas starved (without feedback) and very different from simple phenomenological 'light bulb' models. Present observations of the Eddington ratio distribution, spanning 5 decades in Eddington ratio, 3 in BH mass, and redshifts z=0-1, agree with the predictions of self-regulated models, and rule out 'light-bulb', pure exponential, and gas starvation models at high significance. We compare the Eddington ratio distributions at fixed BH mass and fixed luminosity (both are consistent, but the latter are much less constraining). We present empirical fits to the lifetime distribution and show how the Eddington ratio distributions place tight limits on AGN lifetimes at various luminosities. We use this to constrain the shape of the typical AGN lightcurve, and provide simple analytic fits. Given independent constraints on episodic lifetimes, most local BHs must have gained their mass in no more than a couple of bright episodes, in agreement with merger-driven fueling models.

Philip F. Hopkins; Lars Hernquist

2008-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

184

Look inside for tips on how to:Save money on utility bills by reducing your  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incandescent or fluorescent light bulbs. While we're on the subject, replace any light bulbs you can with CFLs can hold 4 bulbs, consider whether you can light the room effectively with fewer bulbs. Many, and the Not-So-Obvious Turn off the lights when you leave the room, unless you will be back in less than two

Pritchard, Jonathan

185

The Power to Change: Sustainable Electricity Usage in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Light Bulb Exchange program: replaces inefficient incandescent bulbs with integrated compact fluorescent Lighting Project - The UHC (University Housing Council) and the CCSC (Columbia College Student Council bulbs Watt and Woodbridge residence halls Bulbs - 15X longer, save $38,000 in energy cost and 446

Colorado at Boulder, University of

186

TIPs Meeting Minutes Bradley Conference Room  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

light bulbs to replace the incandescent bulbs currently in the dwellings. This Proposal was found invalid due to the false assumption made that FGH gives students free replacement bulbs. FGH only replaces the bulbs after the dwelling has been vacated. However it will be suggested that FGH us energy saving

Dyer, Bill

187

Smart Spaces Industry/Academia Day | 02.08.2011 | Page 1 Dr. M.A.Stough | Research Solid-State Lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

60 watt bulb with an equivalent lumens LED white light bulb for usage of 50,000 hours leads delay). As is increased, less power goes to incandescent bulb and brightness is reduced. Most LED lamps dimmers. Often on the LED bulb application notes or on the lamp's manufacturer web sites

Lü, James Jian-Qiang

188

BRILLIANT Researchers from the University of Illinois, Northwestern University, the Institute of High  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, that applied Pico-Jobs for developing new applications of LED light bulbs together with OSRAM were conducted-Jobs for developing new applications for Light Emitting Diode (LED) based light bulbs at OSRAM, a leading manufacturer of light system solutions. In contrast to traditional incandescent light bulbs, LED bulbs do not create

Rogers, John A.

189

FUNDAMENTALS OF UNDERVOLTAGE BREAKDOWN THROUGH THE TOWNSEND MECHANISM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

white Incandescent bulb Cool White Fluorescent tube Natural White Daylight LED bulb 16 #12;Warm white kilolumen in 2015 LED Bulb US $100 per kilolumen in 2010 46 #12;Reducing Cost per Lumen Lower ­ shock resistant · Compact (Light bulb ~ 1,000 hrs) Additional LED Properties ULTIMO SCIENCE FESTIVAL

Choueiri, Edgar

190

Deep cuts in household greenhouse gas emissions Andrew Blakers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an electric light bulb with a power of 100 W for 10 hours then 1,000 watt-hours, or 1 kilowatt hour (k simple measure! 2. Incandescent light bulbs will be phased out over the next few years, but if you do frequently used incandescent light fittings with compact fluorescent lights will reduce your lighting bill

191

Characterization of Solubilized Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Receptors from Rat Olfactory Bulb and A10 Cultured Smooth Muscle Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) receptors from Al 0 cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and rat olfactory bulbs have been solubilized and then pharmacologically and biochemically compared. The dissociation constant for *% ANP(99-126) was 12.7 PM for the VSMC-derived receptor and 164 PM for the olfactory receptor. Competition binding between 1251-ANP(99-1 26) and several unlabeled ANP analogs with the soluble olfactory receptor, demonstrated a rank order potency of ANP(99-126) = ANP ( 103-l 26)>>> ANP ( 103-l 23). However, the rank order potency of the soluble VSMC ANP receptor was ANP(99-126) = ANP ( 103-l 26) = ANP ( 103-l 23). Therefore, the olfactory ANP receptor appears to require the complete COOH-terminal sequence of ANP as compared with the VSMC ANP receptor. When the 2 soluble receptor preparations were applied to a GTP-agarose

T. Ft. Gibson; A. D. Zyskind; C. C. Glembotski

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Characterization of solubilized atrial natriuretic peptide receptors from rat olfactory bulb and A10 cultured smooth muscle cells  

SciTech Connect

Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) receptors from A10 cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and rat olfactory bulbs have been solubilized and then pharmacologically and biochemically compared. The dissociation constant for 125I-ANP(99-126) was 12.7 pM for the VSMC-derived receptor and 164 pM for the olfactory receptor. Competition binding between 125I-ANP(99-126) and several unlabeled ANP analogs with the soluble olfactory receptor, demonstrated a rank order potency of ANP(99-126) = ANP(103-126) much greater than ANP(103-123). However, the rank order potency of the soluble VSMC ANP receptor was ANP(99-126) = ANP(103-126) = ANP(103-123). Therefore, the olfactory ANP receptor appears to require the complete COOH-terminal sequence of ANP as compared with the VSMC ANP receptor. When the 2 soluble receptor preparations were applied to a GTP-agarose column, a portion of the olfactory ANP receptor was retained on the column and could be eluted with 5 mM GTP, while the VSMC ANP receptor did not adsorb to the column. Since the olfactory bulb ANP receptor has been shown to contain a binding component of 116 kDa, while the VSMC ANP receptor binding component is 66 kDa, these receptors appear to be similar to the 2 receptor classes described recently in which the 120 kDa receptor that binds GTP is postulated to be coupled to guanylate cyclase, while the 60 kDa receptor does not bind GTP, is not coupled to guanylate cyclase, and may possess a hormone clearance function. Taken together, these data indicate that cyclic GMP appears to be a second messenger for ANP in the brain.

Gibson, T.R.; Zyskind, A.D.; Glembotski, C.C.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Instrument uncertainty effect on calculation of absolute humidity using dewpoint, wet-bulb, and relative humidity sensors  

SciTech Connect

As part of the US Department of Energy`s Advanced Desiccant Technology Program, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is characterizing the state-of-the-art in desiccant dehumidifiers, the key component of desiccant cooling systems. The experimental data will provide industry and end users with independent performance evaluation and help researchers assess the energy savings potential of the technology. Accurate determination of humidity ratio is critical to this work and an understanding of the capabilities of the available instrumentation is central to its proper application. This paper compares the minimum theoretical random error in humidity ratio calculation for three common measurement methods to give a sense of the relative maximum accuracy possible for each method assuming systematic errors can be made negligible. A series of experiments conducted also illustrate the capabilities of relative humidity sensors as compared to dewpoint sensors in measuring the grain depression of desiccant dehumidifiers. These tests support the results of the uncertainty analysis. At generally available instrument accuracies, uncertainty in calculated humidity ratio for dewpoint sensors is determined to be constant at approximately 2%. Wet-bulb sensors range between 2% and 6% above 10 g/kg (4%--15% below), and relative humidity sensors vary between 4% above 90% rh and 15% at 20% rh. Below 20% rh, uncertainty for rh sensors increases dramatically. Highest currently attainable accuracies bring dewpoint instruments down to 1% uncertainty, wet bulb to a range of 1%--3% above 10 g/kg (1.5%--8% below), and rh sensors between 1% and 5%.

Slayzak, S.J.; Ryan, J.P.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Organogenesis and embryogenesis in several Type ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

scanning electron microscopy and light microscopy, the progress of organogenesis ... incubated at 16-h photoperiod under fluorescent bulbs (Fluora, Mnchen,.

195

Table Set-up with equipment Target Audience: Parents of elementary school students (grades 3-6), Middle and High School Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engineering measurement tool 2. Introduce the range of light bulb options available for home use. 3. Describe-on experience with the measurement of the time-dependence of light output from three or more light bulbs based on significantly different technology (e.g. incandescent, CFL, LED) as an example of information on light bulbs

Linhardt, Robert J.

196

Inside this issue: Green Dorm,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Apartment Demo CFL Exchange CFL, compact florescent light bulbs, will be given out to residents by RA. The crew, which we call the Green Scene team, will be changing out incandescent light bulbs for compact florescent light bulbs to help emphasize energy conservation and raise awareness about the energy campaign

Linsley, Braddock K.

197

Colour displays in wireless phones DAVID FELDTHUSEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compact fluorescent bulbs, CO2 emissions would be reduced by approximately 20 million metric tons and save that indirect persuasion led to an increase in environmental attitudes, while direct persuasion led to more, for the action "replace one incandescent bulb with a compact fluorescent bulb" we assume the individual

Assarsson, Ulf

198

Wednesday, January 30, 2013, 1:15 pm EDT (1 hour talk followed by 30 minute of networking refreshments will be served)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and projected bulb efficacies of existing white light sources with white LEDs . LEDs have the potential distinct markets for the LEDs: the low efficacy market, characterized by the incandescent and halogen bulbs.157 0.186 LED 2020 (high invest) Any 160 13 100,000 0.013 0.044 0.057 Fluorescent bulbs are currently

Salama, Khaled

199

Lighting in Residential and Commercial Buildings (1993 and 1995 Data) --  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Commercial Buildings Home > Special Topics and Data Reports > Types of Lights Commercial Buildings Home > Special Topics and Data Reports > Types of Lights Picture of a light bulb At Home and At Work: What Types of Lights Are We Using? Two national EIA surveys report that . . . Of residential households, 98 percent use incandescent, 42 percent use fluorescent. Of commercial buildings, 59 percent use incandescent, 92 percent use fluorescent. At a glance, we might conclude that substantial energy savings could occur in both the residential and commercial sectors if they replaced their incandescent lights with fluorescent lights, given that fluorescent lights consume approximately 75-85 percent less electricity than incandescent lights. In the residential sector, this is true. However, in the commercial sector, where approximately 92 percent of the buildings already use fluorescent lights, increasing energy savings will require upgrading existing lights and lighting systems. To maximize energy savings, analysis must also consider the hours the lights are used and the amount of floorspace lit by that lighting type. Figures 1 and 2 show the types of lights used by the percent of households and by the percent of floorspace lit for the residential and the commercial sectors, respectively.

200

,,,"Incandescent","Standard Fluorescent","Compact Fluorescent...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption Survey." " Energy Information Administration 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Building Characteristics Tables 1" "RSEs for Table B38....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Math 115 Final Exam Fall 2006 1. Consider the surface z = f(x, y) = 2x2 + y2. Find the tangent plane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/3 F. 7/11 G. 83/120 H. 7/13 8. 6% of Type A light bulbs are defective, 4% of Type B light bulbs are defective, and 2% of Type C light bulbs are defective. A light bulb is selected at random from a batch of light bulbs containing 50 Type A bulbs, 30 Type B bulbs, and 20 Type C bulbs. The selected bulb is found

202

New Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping for Light  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping for Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping for Light Bulbs New Lighting Facts Label: Takes the Guess Work Out of Shopping for Light Bulbs January 25, 2012 - 5:52am Addthis Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory If you're like me, it sometimes feels overwhelming standing at the store and staring at a big wall of light bulbs, trying to understand all the lighting choices. With new lighting standards taking effect this year, now's a great time switch to energy-saving incandescent, CFL, and LED light bulbs, which are available in most hardware and home improvement retailers. They all are more energy-efficient than traditional incandescent bulbs, and upgrading 15 of the inefficient incandescent light bulbs in your home could

203

Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! May 17, 2012 - 2:21pm Addthis John Chu John Chu Communications Specialist with the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy For years, I bought light bulbs based on watts, or energy use. Like many light bulb consumers, I looked for a traditional 40, 60, 75, or 100 watt incandescent bulb. Now that stores today carry more and more energy efficient lighting choices, I wanted to replace my old incandescents with new bulbs to save energy and money on my electricity bill. But in shopping for the right bulb, I came across a challenge in looking for bulbs based on watts. Since these newer bulbs use less energy, I found bulbs that use 8, 15, or 26 watts. The wattages are pretty close to each other, but the

204

Supporting the Next Generation of White Lighting Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

per watt, it will be possible to achieve a low- cost LED competitive with incandescent light bulbs. We think it will take a ten-year sustained R&D investment to reach 160 lumens...

205

Find cost-effective investments | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lamps and can save 10 per sign annually in electricity costs. Swap out incandescent light bulbs with ENERGY STAR certified CFLs or LEDs in your desk, task, and floor lamps....

206

Solid-State Lighting Issue 20: Selected Business & Technology...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

doses of light bright enough to mimic dawn, between 2,500 to 10,000 lux. This amount of light is unattainable by incandescent bulbs, and largely inconvenient with fluorescent...

207

BOWLING GREEN STATE UNIVERSITY Easy ways you can help reduce our  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

when they are not in use! Replace incandescent light bulbs with energy saving compact fluorescent consumption. Lighting: Use natural light instead of artificial light whenever possible. Turn off the lights

Moore, Paul A.

208

It's Elemental - The Element Argon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

used when an inert atmosphere is needed. It is used to fill incandescent and fluorescent light bulbs to prevent oxygen from corroding the hot filament. Argon is also used to form...

209

Nanofermentation induced nanomaterials under non-reducible ...  

The U.S. is currently spending 18% of total U.S. electricity consumption for ... 2010). Some 98% of the energy input to incandescent bulbs ends up as heat instead of ...

210

EPA_T1542D4488_SCTR_ResNewConst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and encouraged consumers to take the pledge to change at least one incandescent light bulb to an ENERGY STAR qualified CFL. Advanced techniques for sealing holes and cracks in...

211

Compliance Certification Enforcement | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(2010-CE-1012) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with...

212

Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Science & Innovation Energy Efficiency Energy Efficiency From the incandescent to CFLs to LEDs, we're exploring the long history of the light bulb and...

213

Tailoring optical properties of light-emitting diodes by nanostructuring with nanospheres.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

???III-V nitride based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have experienced rapid developments during past decade, proving their potential to substitute conventional incandescent bulbs and fluorescent lamps to (more)

??

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Lighting: Past, Present and Future 2010 IEEE Lester Eastman Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Unlike incandescent bulbs, LEDs do not emit light in a full 360° radiation pattern. Instead, they emit that is quintessential to the research and development of LEDs. As LEDs move to dominance in the lighting market

Salama, Khaled

215

Fluorescence Enhancement of White-Light Cadmium Selenide Nanocrystals.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Advances are being made in lighting technology, as incandescent and fluorescent light bulbs become less efficient compared to solid-state lighting devices, especially light-emitting diodes (LEDs). (more)

Rosson, Teresa Ellen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

EEBLBP3 91- 93 F-2b Percent standard incandescent bulb STBLBP3 95- 97 F-2c Percent energy efficient fluorescent EEFLRP3 99- 101 F-2d Percent standard fluorescent light...

217

LuminAR: Portable robotic augmented reality interface design and prototype  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce LuminAR: a prototype for a new portable and compact projector-camera system designed to use the traditional incandescent bulb interface as a power source, and a robotic desk lamp that carries it, ...

Linder, Natan

218

Design and implementation of a solar power system in rural Haiti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the design and implementation of a solar power system for a school and health center in Petit-Anse, Haiti. The end-use applications are lighting via a set of fluorescent and incandescent bulbs, and a ...

Hussam, Shaheer M. (Shaheer Muqtasid), 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(2010-CE-1012) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with...

220

Luminous Efficacy Standards for General Purpose Lights | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

output) per watt (measure of power input). The efficacy of a typical incandescent light bulb ranges between 12 lmW and 18 lmW. The efficacy of a typical compact fluorescent...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Using the genetic algorithm to design gallium indium nitride/gallium nitride light-emitting diodes with reduced efficiency droop and reduced spectral instability with respect to injection current  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today we are witnessing a fast growing trend that is redefining the concept of lighting. Numerous governments from all over the world have passed legislation to phase out incandescent light bulbs, with the objective of encouraging energy-efficient ...

Roya Mirhosseini / Partha S. Dutta

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

South River EMC - Business Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

River EMC - Business Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program River EMC - Business Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program South River EMC - Business Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Complete Lighting Retrofit: $0.30/watt saved Incandescent to CFL or LED: $1/bulb Provider South River EMC South River EMC (SREMC) offers a rebate to eligible business customers who wish to upgrade the energy efficiency of lighting systems. The business must upgrade from an older, less efficient system to a high-efficiency system. An incentive of $0.30 per watt saved is available to eligible lighting projects. For commercial customers switching fron incandescent

223

Getting CFLs Home in Longview, Texas | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Getting CFLs Home in Longview, Texas Getting CFLs Home in Longview, Texas Getting CFLs Home in Longview, Texas August 25, 2010 - 10:00am Addthis Longview, TX has established a program that enables residents to swap out four incandescent light bulbs for four CFLs. | Department of Energy Photo | Government Work | Longview, TX has established a program that enables residents to swap out four incandescent light bulbs for four CFLs. | Department of Energy Photo | Government Work | Kevin Craft What does this mean for me? Residents can exchange four incandescent bulbs for four CFLs at no cost. A household that installs four CFLs is projected to save $242 on electricity bills over the course of the bulbs' lifetime. Inefficient light bulbs can drive up electricity bills and drain homeowners' wallets. With that in mind, government officials in the east Texas city of Longview

224

Energy Savings and Green Initiatives Project Grant  

SciTech Connect

This project entails retrofitting all four foot, 2, 3 and 4 bulb 40 watt T12 fixtures to T8 28 watt and 150 watt incandescent to 26 watt compact fluorescent bulbs. In total, 2,086 fixtures will be retrofitted

Kathy MacLennan

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

225

The Texas Tech University College of Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Nanophotonic research will transform lighting for homes and businesses. Light bulbs, both incandescent, brighter, and will use a fraction of the energy of existing light bulbs. Better lighting is not the only. Jingyu Lin Dr. Zhaoyang Fan #12;What is Nanophotonics? Photonics, the study and discovery of light

Gelfond, Michael

226

EELE408 Photovoltaics Lecture 03: Characteristics of Sunlight  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UV Visible IR Temperature of incandescent light bulb Higher Energy Solar Peak in visible spectrum' 'T=6000' Temperature of the sun Light bulbs are inefficient (eyes adapted to sunlight) Sun · Light behaves as both a wave and a particle ­ Wave Properties · Refraction · Diffraction · Interference

Kaiser, Todd J.

227

New LED light sources and lamps for general illumination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of light source compared to traditional light sources like incandescent bulbs and fluorescent tubes bulb. LEDs emit colored light with a narrow spectral band of 20-30 nm, colors covering the spectralNew LED light sources and lamps for general illumination Carsten Dam-Hansen, Birgitte Thestrup

228

Woojin Lee We seek to offer an affordable and easy method of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statement To replace inefficient fluorescent and incandescent light bulbs in the commons of the residential was identified to be the most "in- need" with over 150 light bulbs · David Brown, the senior operati (building ex.) #12;Switching to Light Emitting Diodes Alex Nunez-Thompson and Shantan Cheemerla #12;Problem

229

The LSU Campus Committee for Sustainability serves in an advisory role to the Chancellor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to sleep mode or turn it off when not in use Change incandescent light bulbs to compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) Use task lighting rather than lighting the entire room, and take advantage of natural light Begin design of high efficiency projects, including lighting upgrades, utility insulation, and building

230

The world in a new lighT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-based technologies, has led to products that we now depend on everyday: DVD players, garage door openers, television. Nanophotonic research will transform lighting for homes and businesses. Light bulbs, both incandescent, brighter, and will use a fraction of the energy of existing light bulbs. Better lighting is not the only

Mosegaard, Klaus

231

Issues, Models and Solutions for Triac Modulated Phase Dimming of LED Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/a 30 lumens 0.1 Incandescent Bulb 15 W 225 lumens 15 Fluorescent Tube Lamp 10 W 500 lumens 50 White LED bulbs, and fluorescent lights, produce light that is radiated in all directions, LEDs produce a focused especially on the potential of white LED lights, which are an important and newly emerging lighting

Lehman, Brad

232

LED Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LED Lighting LED Lighting LED Lighting July 29, 2012 - 4:43pm Addthis LED Lighting What are the key facts? Quality LED products can last 25 times longer than an incandescent bulb and use 75% less energy. LEDs are directional, focusing light in ways that are useful in homes and commercial settings. The light-emitting diode (LED) is one of today's most energy-efficient and rapidly-developing lighting technologies. Quality LED light bulbs last longer, are more durable, and offer comparable or better light quality than other types of lighting. Check out the top 8 things about LEDs to learn more. Energy Savings LED is a highly energy efficient lighting technology, and has the potential to fundamentally change the future of lighting in the United States. Residential LEDs -- especially ENERGY STAR rated products -- use at least

233

Fish Passage Through a Simulated Horizontal Bulb Turbine Pressure Regime: A Supplement to"Laboratory Studies of the Effects of Pressure and Dissolved Gas Supersaturation on Turbine-Passed Fish"  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Migratory and resident fish in the Columbia River Basin are exposed to stresses associated with hydroelectric power production, including pressure changes during turbine passage. The responses of fall chinook salmon and bluegill sunfish to rapid pressure change was investigated at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Previous test series evaluated the effects of passage through a vertical Kaplan turbine under the"worst case" pressure conditions and under less severe conditions where pressure changes were minimized. For this series of tests, pressure changes were modified to simulate passage through a horizontal bulb turbine, commonly installed at low head dams. The results were compared to results from previous test series. Migratory and resident fish in the Columbia River Basin are exposed to stresses associated with hydroelectric power production, including pressure changes during turbine passage. The responses of fall chinook salmon and bluegill sunfish to rapid pressure change was investigated at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Previous test series evaluated the effects of passage through a vertical Kaplan turbine under the"worst case" pressure conditions and under less severe conditions where pressure changes were minimized. For this series of tests, pressure changes were modified to simulate passage through a horizontal bulb turbine, commonly installed at low head dams. The results were compared to results from previous test series. Both fish species were acclimated for 16-22 hours at either surface (101 kPa; 1 atm) or 30 ft (191 kPa; 1.9 atm) of pressure in a hyperbaric chamber before exposure to a pressure scenario simulating passage through a horizontal bulb turbine. The simulation was as follows: gradual pressure increase to about 2 atm of pressure, followed by a sudden (0.4 second) decrease in pressure to either 0.7 or 0.95 atm, followed by gradual return to 1 atm (surface water pressure). Following the exposure, fish were held at surface pressure for a 48-hour post exposure observation period. No fall chinook salmon died during or after exposure to the horizontal bulb turbine passage pressures, and no injuries were observed during the 48-hour post exposure observation period. As with the previous test series, it cannot be determined whether fall chinook salmon acclimated to the greater water pressure during the pretest holding period. For bluegill sunfish exposed to the horizontal bulb turbine turbine-passage pressures, only one fish died and injuries were less severe and less common than for bluegills subjected to either the"worst case" pressure or modified Kaplan turbine pressure conditions in previous tests. Injury rates for bluegills were higher at 0.7 atm nadir than for the 0.95 atm nadir. However, injuries were limited to minor internal hemorrhaging. Bluegills did not suffer swim bladder rupture in any tested scenarios. Tests indicated that for most of the cross-sectional area of a horizontal bulb turbine, pressure changes occurring during turbine passage are not harmful to fall chinook salmon and only minimally harmful to bluegill. However, some areas within a horizontal bulb turbine may have extreme pressure conditions that would be harmful to fish. These scenarios were not tested because they represent a small cross-sectional area of the turbine compared to the centerline pressures scenarios used in these tests.

Abernethy, Cary S. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Amidan, Brett G. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Cada, G F. (ORNL)

2003-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

234

Tips: Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Lighting Tips: Lighting May 4, 2012 - 3:16pm Addthis Lighting Choices Save You Money. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. Lighting Choices Save You Money. Energy-efficient light bulbs are available in a wide variety of sizes and shapes. What does this mean for me? Replacing 15 inefficient incandescent bulbs in your home with energy-saving bulbs could save you about $50 per year. For the greatest savings, replace your old incandescent bulbs with ENERGY STAR-qualified bulbs. An average household dedicates about 10% of its energy budget to lighting. Switching to energy-efficient lighting is one of the fastest ways to cut your energy bills. Timers and motion sensors save you even more money by reducing the amount of time lights are on but not being used.

235

University of California Los Angeles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The incandescent bulbs used about 150 W to illuminate a display case. The LED lighting uses about 30 W per case all their 35-W halogen bulbs in the hallways with 5-W LEDs. There are 750 of these and they are turnedDonald's restaurant in Sønderborg, Denmark that replaced 133 halogen bulbs with LEDs reduces CO2 emissions by 12 tons

Carter, Troy

236

Award Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nuclear deterrent; reduce global threats; and solve other emerging national security and energy challenges. Contact Awards Team (505) 667-7824 Email Types of Awards The Awards...

237

Energy 101: Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Choices Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices Addthis Below is the text version for the Energy 101: Lighting Choices video: The video opens with "Energy 101: Lighting Choices." This is followed by shots of a variety of lamps being turned on. We're all used to lighting up dark spaces with the flip of a switch. In fact, people have been doing so since Thomas Edison invented the incandescent light bulb about 130 years ago...and we've used that same old bulb ever since. The video shows a store aisle with a diverse light bulb selection, then moves to close-ups of the packaging labels on various bulbs. Today you'll see more light bulb options in stores. These bulbs will give you the light you want while saving you energy...and money. A hand screws in a light bulb and flips the switch. The bulb is shown in

238

Melanin Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Melanin Types Melanin Types Name: Irfan Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What are different types of melanins? And what are the functions of these types? Replies: Hi Irfan! Melanin is a dark compound or better a photoprotective pigment. Its major role in the skin is to absorb the ultraviolet (UV) light that comes from the sun so the skin is not damaged. Sun exposure usually produces a tan at the skin that represents an increase of melanin pigment in the skin. Melanin is important also in other areas of the body, as the eye and the brain., but it is not completely understood what the melanin pigment does in these areas. Melanin forms a special cell called melanocyte. This cell is found in the skin, in the hair follicle, and in the iris and retina of the eye.

239

Type systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study of type systems has emerged as one of the most active areas of research in programming languages, with applications in software engineering, language design, high-performance compiler implementation, and security. This chapter discusses the ...

Benjamin C. Pierce

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Parents and Kids: Energize Your Summer | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Parents and Kids: Energize Your Summer Parents and Kids: Energize Your Summer Parents and Kids: Energize Your Summer June 21, 2013 - 11:33am Addthis Did you know: Incandescent light bulbs only convert about 10 percent of the energy they consume into light and the rest is released as heat. The Energy Department's Energy Bike demonstrates the physical effort it takes to power incandescent, compact fluorescent and LED light bulbs. Students from Churchill Road Elementary School in Virginia recently pedaled for power at their Earth Day assembly, learning firsthand about energy efficiency. | Photo courtesy of the Energy Department. Did you know: Incandescent light bulbs only convert about 10 percent of the energy they consume into light and the rest is released as heat. The Energy Department's Energy Bike demonstrates the physical effort it takes to power

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

32 Traffic flow adjustments, existing roads 32 Traffic flow adjustments, existing roads While many of the traffic signals in Attleboro are on state highways and therefore the responsibility of MassHighway, there are a fewer number of traffic signals and pedestrian walk signals that are the responsibility of the City. Traffic signals are being illuminated with 116 watt incandescent traffic signal rated bulbs. Peds are being illuminated with 69 watt incandescent bulbs. These have a mean time to failure of 8000 hours or approximately 14 to 18 months at current operating cycles. Incandescent bulbs can be replaced with Light Emitting Diode lamps that use approximately 10 watts of electricity, have a five year warranty, and a design life up to 100,000 hours (typical operating life is seven to ten years).

242

Untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0. Number of Lights by Bulb Type by Room, 1993 0. Number of Lights by Bulb Type by Room, 1993 Bulb Type Incandescent Fluorescent Other Room Total Low Medium High Unknown Short Long Compact Halogen Other/ unknown Total 4,196 431 2,811 409 14 159 173 34 24 141 Bathroom 621 44 417 81 4 35 14 2 1 23 Bedroom 1,121 119 868 66 6 8 5 9 8 32 Dining Room 218 28 119 51 2 0 1 1 2 14 Den/Family/ Rec Room 279 28 171 42 1 7 12 2 3 13 Hallway/Stairs 193 42 136 6 0 1 3 0 0 5 Kitchen 820 80 440 70 1 85 104 12 1 27 Living Room 711 65 511 80 0 11 8 8 8 20 Laundry Room/Other 233 25 149 13 0 12 26 0 1 7 Note: These data are from the 474 households included in the Lighting Supplement. The supplement was not designed to weight the data to the population level. Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Forms EIA-457A-C, E, and H of the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey. Go to Table 4.21

243

COST EFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY BUTTONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

certain whether the electrical power is off or on, he may beof light. The electrical input (power, voltage and current)

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

L Prize Competition Winner: 60W Incandescent Replacement Lamp  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prize Partners 14 15 Field Assessments: Retail Platte River Power Authority DTE Energy SMUD 16 Additional Opportunities: GATEWAY Demonstrations of LED Outdoor Lighting Reports...

245

Underwater Lighting by Submerged Lasers and Incandescent Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cell having a plane window to That attachment was necessaryfor attachment to the measurement window by means of the

Duntley, Seibert Q

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Underwater Lighting by Submerged Lasers and Incandescent Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Techniques for long- range underwater photography usingon Resolving Power in Underwater Photography," J. Opt. Soc.A. R. , Tyler, J. E. , "Underwater Photometer," J. Opt. Soc.

Duntley, Seibert Q

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

COST EFFECTIVENESS OF LONG LIFE INCANDESCENT LAMPS AND ENERGY BUTTONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

button, a 100 watt (130 volt) lamp, a 100 watt long lifeFluorescent Watt L I ltage (volts) cu ge ic in s) ative ( 1the diode energy button (83 volts) was obtained by dividing

Verderber, Rudy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Type: Renewal  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 INCITE Awards 1 INCITE Awards Type: Renewal Title: -Ab Initio Dynamical Simulations for the Prediction of Bulk Properties‖ Principal Investigator: Theresa Windus, Iowa State University Co-Investigators: Brett Bode, Iowa State University Graham Fletcher, Argonne National Laboratory Mark Gordon, Iowa State University Monica Lamm, Iowa State University Michael Schmidt, Iowa State University Scientific Discipline: Chemistry: Physical INCITE Allocation: 10,000,000 processor hours Site: Argonne National Laboratory Machine (Allocation): IBM Blue Gene/P (10,000,000 processor hours) Research Summary: This project uses high-quality electronic structure theory, statistical mechanical methods, and

249

Science Education | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 22, 2013 November 22, 2013 WHO SAID IT: Tesla or Edison? Test your knowledge of energy inventors Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla with our downloadable quote quiz cards. November 22, 2013 History of the Light Bulb The History of the Light Bulb From incandescent bulbs to fluorescents to LEDs, we're exploring the long history of the light bulb. November 20, 2013 Education and Professional Development To pursue a clean energy career, you may need general as well as specialized training. A number of colleges and universities now offer specializations in various clean energy fields, or even full degree

250

Bacteria Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bacteria Types Bacteria Types Name: Evelyn Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What is the significance of S. marcescens,M.luteus, S.epidermidis, and E. Coli? Which of these are gram-positive and gram-negative, and where can these be found? Also, what problems can they cause? When we culture these bacteria, we used four methods: plates, broth, slants, and pour plates. The media was made of TSB, TSA, NAP, and NAD. What is significant about these culturing methods? Replies: I could give you the answer to that question but it is more informative, and fun, to find out yourself. Start with the NCBI library online (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/) and do a query with the species name, and 'virulence' if you want to know what they're doing to us. Have a look at the taxonomy devision to see how they are related. To find out if they're gram-pos or neg you should do a gram stain if you can. Otherwise you'll find that information in any bacteriology determination guide. Your question about the media is not specific enough so I can't answer it.

251

Facility Type!  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ITY: ITY: --&L~ ----------- srct-r~ -----------~------~------- if yee, date contacted ------------- cl Facility Type! i I 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis ] Production 1 Diepasal/Storage 'YPE OF CONTRACT .--------------- 1 Prime J Subcontract&- 1 Purchase Order rl i '1 ! Other information (i.e., ---------~---~--~-------- :ontrait/Pirchaee Order # , I C -qXlJ- --~-------~~-------~~~~~~ I I ~~~---~~~~~~~T~~~ FONTRACTING PERIODi IWNERSHIP: ,I 1 AECIMED AECMED GOVT GOUT &NTtiAC+OR GUN-I OWNED ----- LEEE!? M!s LE!Ps2 -LdJG?- ---L .ANDS ILJILDINGS X2UIPilENT IRE OR RAW HA-I-L :INAL PRODUCT IASTE Z. RESIDUE I I kility l pt I ,-- 7- ,+- &!d,, ' IN&"E~:EW AT SITE -' ---------------- , . Control 0 AEC/tlED managed operations

252

Number: 1894 Type: factoid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... type> Type: factoid Description: How high is the pitcher's mound? ... 2047 Type: factoid Description: How close is Mercury to ...

2003-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

253

Energy 101: Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

101: Lighting Choices 101: Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices August 13, 2013 - 2:38pm Addthis Learn about energy-efficient light bulbs that can light your home for less money. For many years, researchers have been working on new lighting options that produce the same light with less energy. Many of those designs are now on the market. This edition of Energy 101 features newer energy-saving light bulbs that provide the choices in colors and light levels you've come to expect, but with higher efficiencies-so they save you money. Upgrading 15 of the inefficient incandescent light bulbs in your home to energy-saving incandescent, compact fluorescent lamp (CFL), or light emitting diode (LED) bulbs could save you about $50 per year. For more information on lighting choices from the Office of Energy

254

Electric Power | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Power Electric Power From incandescent bulbs to fluorescents to LEDs, learn more about the long history of the light bulb. From incandescent bulbs to fluorescents to LEDs, learn more about the long history of the light bulb. Electricity -- the flow of electrical power -- is a secondary energy source, generated by the conversion of primary sources of energy, like fossil, nuclear, wind or solar. Keeping the power flowing to American homes and businesses is a critical necessity for everyday life and economic vitality. The Energy Department works to keep the grid secure from cyber and physical attacks; partners with states and other stakeholders to plan more resilient infrastructure that can better withstand extreme weather events; and supports efforts to

255

Energy 101: Lighting Choices | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices Energy 101: Lighting Choices August 13, 2013 - 2:38pm Addthis Learn about energy-efficient light bulbs that can light your home for less money. For many years, researchers have been working on new lighting options that produce the same light with less energy. Many of those designs are now on the market. This edition of Energy 101 features newer energy-saving light bulbs that provide the choices in colors and light levels you've come to expect, but with higher efficiencies-so they save you money. Upgrading 15 of the inefficient incandescent light bulbs in your home to energy-saving incandescent, compact fluorescent lamp (CFL), or light emitting diode (LED) bulbs could save you about $50 per year. For more information on lighting choices from the Office of Energy

256

Mosaic neurofibromatosis type 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) with microdeletionsM, Huson S. Mosaic (segmental) neurofibromatosis type 1and type 2: no longer neurofibromatosis type 5. Am J Med

Liang, Christine; Schaffer, Julie V

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Estimate of federal relighting potential and demand for efficient lighting products  

SciTech Connect

The increasing level of electric utility rebates for energy-efficient lighting retrofits has recently prompted concern over the adequacy of the market supply of energy-efficient lighting products (Energy User News 1991). In support of the U.S. Department of Energy`s Federal Energy Management Program, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has developed an estimate of the total potential for energy-efficient lighting retrofits in federally owned buildings. This estimate can be used to address the issue of the impact of federal relighting projects on the supply of energy-efficient lighting products. The estimate was developed in 1992, using 1991 data. Any investments in energy-efficient lighting products that occurred in 1992 will reduce the potential estimated here. This analysis proceeds by estimating the existing stock of lighting fixtures in federally owned buildings. The lighting technology screening matrix is then used to determine the minimum life-cycle cost retrofit for each type of existing lighting fixture. Estimates of the existing stock are developed for (1) four types of fluorescent lighting fixtures (2-, 3-, and 4-lamp, F40 4-foot fixtures, and 2-lamp, F96 8-foot fixtures, all with standard magnetic ballasts); (2) one type of incandescent fixture (a 75-watt single bulb fixture); and (3) one type of exit sign (containing two 20-watt incandescent bulbs). Estimates of the existing stock of lighting fixtures in federally owned buildings, estimates of the total potential demand for energy-efficient lighting products if all cost-effective retrofits were undertaken immediately, and total potential annual energy savings (in MWh and dollars), the total investment required to obtain the energy savings and the present value of the efficiency investment, are presented.

Shankle, S.A.; Dirks, J.A.; Elliott, D.B.; Richman, E.E.; Grover, S.E.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

DOE Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research | OSTI,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research Light-emitting diode (LED) lighting is a type of solid-state lighting that uses a semiconductor to convert electricity to light. LED lighting products are beginning to appear in a wide variety of home, business, and industrial products such as holiday lighting, replacement bulbs for incandescent lamps, street lighting, outdoor area lighting and indoor ambient lighting. Over the past decade, LED technology research and development supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has yielded impressive improvements in the cost, color performance, light output, efficacy, reliability, lifetime, and manufacturability of LED products and this upward trend is expected to continue. Read about the latest DOE research, the technology behind LEDs,

259

Type checking and normalisation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is about Martin-Lf's intuitionistic theory of types (type theory). Type theory is at the same time a formal system for mathematical proof and (more)

Chapman, James Maitland

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Hybrid type checking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase distinctions in type theory. Manuscript, 1988. [10]Typechecking dependent types and subtypes. In Lecture notesF. Pfenning. Intersection types and computational effects.

Flanagan, C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Type 2 segmental glomangiomas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

skin disorders: different types of severitiy reflectevidence for dichotomous types of severitiy. Arch Dermatol9. Happle R, Knig A. Type 2 segmental manifestation of

Hoekzema, Rick; Zonneveld, Ingrid M; Wal, Allard C van der

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Airport sustainability encompasses a wide variety of airport management and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these measures are replac- ing an old or inefficient water heater or replacing incandescent light bulbs of existing buildings and ground vehicles to collecting water and managing waste. Assessing the sustainability is to consider renewable energies. Solar photovoltaic (PV), which uses panels to absorb solar energy, is prob

Blanchette, Robert A.

263

Manipulating Lasers A laser is a very special kind of light. For example, light from a laser is emitted in only one  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Manipulating Lasers A laser is a very special kind of light. For example, light from a laser is emitted in only one direction, in contrast to other sources, such as incandescent bulbs, in which different directions occur. Lasers can contain one or different colors combined, like sun light. It can even

Dantus, Marcos

264

Confocal microphotoluminescence of InGaN-based light-emitting diodes Koichi Okamoto,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for conventional incandescent and fluorescent light bulbs.5 However, luminous efficacies of commercial white LEDsConfocal microphotoluminescence of InGaN-based light-emitting diodes Koichi Okamoto,a Akio Kaneta-well-structured light-emitting diodes LEDs with a yellow-green light 530 nm and an amber light 600 nm was measured

Okamoto, Koichi

265

Materials science issues and structural studies of topical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3.25 eV, GaN basis + some dies give visible light LED more energy efficient than incandescent bulbs eV m = ][ 6 ][ 10 µ ][ 24.1 eVBG : wavelength [µm], BG: band gap [eV], c: velocity of light, h: Planck's constant, e: elemental charge [all three in SI units] ultraviolet light: extra large band gaps

Moeck, Peter

266

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 57, NO. 1, JANUARY 2010 7 Guest Editorial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as incandescent bulbs (visible light) and mercury lamps (deep UV light), inorganic LEDs offer several advantages on Light-Emitting Diodes ALTHOUGH the origins of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) go back to the beginningAsP, it was observed in 1962 that the light wavelength could be shifted from infrared to visible spectrum. The first

Kumar, M. Jagadesh

267

How do high tides and low tides occur? Is it possible to have an Earth-like planet orbiting a multiple-star system?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LED lights that make them more efficient and longer lasting than incandescent bulbs? Why is it that some people see rays of light emanate outward from certain light sources, such as streetlights or headlights on cars? Is it possible to use light/x rays to see through walls and other solid objects? (like x

Redner, Sidney

268

How might the use of LEDs be expanded in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the replacement of incandescent bulbs with inorganic-based LEDs could potentially revolutionize indoor lightingScientists at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) invent a deep green LED that can lead to higher-efficiency white light, lower electric bills. The white light light-emitting diode (LED

Sherrill, David

269

Now includes video! A Haunting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

discussions on Micro-LEDs, Surface Acoustic Wave and Photocapacitive Sensors, Circadian Rhythm, and Indoor.' There were some interesting observations regarding the gradual appearance of LED lighting systems) students One of the innate properties of an incandescent bulb is that when it is dimmed, its color

Rogers, John A.

270

Copyright Notice Copyright 2003 Jeffrey Thomas Hein, P.E.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

V System Willamette Falls-Portland, Maine for Street Lighting - Westinghouse - 1890 1886 1st Multiple lamp lighting system for street lighting, which he put to use in Cleveland, Ohio. That same year Thomas Alva Edison (Figure 2-2) and his team of researchers invented the incandescent light bulb for home

271

LuminAR: portable robotic augmented reality interface design and prototype  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce LuminAR: a prototype for a new portable and compact projector-camera system designed to use the traditional incandescent bulb interface as a power source, and a robotic desk lamp that carries it, enabling it with dynamic motion ... Keywords: actuated ui, augmented reality, gestural interfaces, human robot interaction, multi-touch interfaces, robotic lamp

Natan Linder; Pattie Maes

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Energy Efficiency ISSN 1570-646X  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ConEd Consolidated Edison CRT Cathode ray tube LCD Liquid crystal display LED Light emitting diode included combustion, incandescent and compact fluorescent (CFL) bulbs, and now light emitting diode (LED emitting diodes (LED), has been sug- gested as a way of reducing energy used for lighting. Such predictions

Illinois at Chicago, University of

273

Writing with Complex Type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

29] Middendorp, J. 2004. Dutch type. 010 Publishers. [30]A. Hyland. 1992. Twentieth-century type. Laurence King. [7]Robertson. 2005. From Movable Type to Moving Type-Evolution

Lewis, Jason; Nadeau, Bruno

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

abstract data type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Definition of abstract data type, possibly with links to more information and implementations. NIST. abstract data type. (definition). ...

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

275

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

05-1 · Types of Costs · Types of Cost Estimates · Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408) costs apply to those items that are consumed in production process and are roughly proportional to level in cash flow analysis and in the decision to use the equipment for reclamation? Types of Costs #12

Boisvert, Jeff

276

Types of Costs Types of Cost Estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Types of Costs · Types of Cost Estimates · Methods to estimate capital costs MIN E 408: Mining the equipment for reclamation? Types of Costs #12;· Marginal Cost: ­ Change in total cost ­ Any production process involves fixed and variable costs. As production increases/expands, fixed costs are unchanged, so

Boisvert, Jeff

277

Type systems for dummies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We extend Pure Type Systems with a function turning each term M of type A into a dummy |M| of the same type (|.| is not an identity, in that M ? |M|). Intuitively, a dummy represents an unknown, canonical object of the given type: dummies are opaque ... Keywords: canonical element, proof irrelevance, pure type system

Andrea Asperti; Ferruccio Guidi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Stadiums and arenas use efficient, high wattage lamps - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other lighting types, such as light-emitting diode (LED), incandescent, and halogen lamps, are used in applications like signals, signage, ...

279

ARM - Measurement - Cloud type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

type ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud type Cloud type such as...

280

Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Lighting Lighting When you're shopping for lightbulbs, compare lumens and use the Lighting Facts label to be sure you're getting the amount of light, or level of brightness, you want. You can save money and energy while lighting your home and still maintaining good light quantity and quality. Consider energy-efficient lighting options to use the same amount of light for less money. Learn strategies for comparing and buying lighting products and using them efficiently. Featured Lighting Choices to Save You Money Light your home for less money while using the same amount of light. How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save you about $50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2012 9, 2012 Energy-efficient light bulbs are available today and could save you about $50 per year in energy costs when you replace 15 traditional incandescent bulbs in your home. How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents Compare the costs and savings when using energy-efficient lightbulbs. July 29, 2012 Use lighting controls to automatically turn lights on and off as needed, and save energy. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/Maliketh. Lighting Controls To save energy, use lighting controls to automatically turn lights on and off as needed. July 29, 2012 Daylighting is the use of windows and skylights to bring sunlight into your home. | Photo courtesy of Heather Lammers, NREL. Daylighting Daylighting uses windows and skylights to bring sunlight into your home and

282

Type-checking injective pure type systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Injective pure type systems form a large class of pure type systems for which one can compute by purely syntactic means two sorts elmt(?∣M) and sort(?∣M), where ? is a pseudo-context and M is a pseudo-term, ...

Gilles Barthe

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Typing constraint logic programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a prescriptive type system with parametric polymorphism and subtyping for constraint logic programs. The aim of this type system is to detect programming errors statically. It introduces a type discipline for constraint logic programs and ... Keywords: Constraint logic programming, Metaprogramming, Prolog, subtyping, type systems

Franois Fages; Emmanuel Coquery

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Recent News from the National Labs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

22, 2013 22, 2013 History of the Light Bulb The History of the Light Bulb From incandescent bulbs to fluorescents to LEDs, we're exploring the long history of the light bulb. November 21, 2013 This week, the Energy Department's digital team has been focusing on the rivalry between two of history's most important energy-related engineers: Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla. Edison and Tesla's developments in electric power generation and distribution made possible many later breakthroughs. This 1951 photo shows a simple string of four 100-watt light bulbs powered by the first useful electricity ever produced by nuclear power, generated on December 20, 1951, by Argonne's Experimental Breeder Reactor 1. | Photo courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory.

285

ENERGY STAR Certified Homes Maintenance Guide and Tips to Ensure Top Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WHAT TO DO AFTER MOVING IN WHAT TO DO AFTER MOVING IN LIGHTING AND LIGHT BULBS Use ENERGY STAR certified light bulbs, such as Compact Fluorescent Light bulbs (CFL) or Light Emitting Diodes (LED) to provide bright, warm light while using 75% less energy, and lasting up to 10 times longer than traditional incan- descent bulbs. This means more money in your pocket. Homes that use incandescent bulbs waste $400 a year on utility bills when compared to homes that install ENERGY STAR lighting throughout. OUTLETS AND ELECTRONICS Did you know that in the average U.S. home, 25 percent of electricity used by home electronics occurs while the products are off? In the United States alone, "vampire power" costs con- sumers more than $3 billion a year. Reduce unnecessary costs on your utility bill by unplugging electronics such as cell phone

286

Energy Efficiency Wins Top Prize at EPA App Contest | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Wins Top Prize at EPA App Contest Efficiency Wins Top Prize at EPA App Contest Energy Efficiency Wins Top Prize at EPA App Contest November 23, 2011 - 11:11am Addthis The winner of best overall app at the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Apps for the Environment. | Video courtesy of Light Bulb Finder. Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Light Bulb Finder, a free smartphone app, can help save money on home lighting. Quick, if I want to replace a 60-watt incandescent light bulb with an energy efficient fluorescent or LED bulb, what wattage should I choose to keep the same level of illumination? If you don't know, there's now an app for that. The winner of best overall app at the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Apps for the Environment is called Light Bulb

287

Energy Efficiency Wins Top Prize at EPA App Contest | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wins Top Prize at EPA App Contest Wins Top Prize at EPA App Contest Energy Efficiency Wins Top Prize at EPA App Contest November 23, 2011 - 11:11am Addthis The winner of best overall app at the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Apps for the Environment. | Video courtesy of Light Bulb Finder. Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this mean for me? Light Bulb Finder, a free smartphone app, can help save money on home lighting. Quick, if I want to replace a 60-watt incandescent light bulb with an energy efficient fluorescent or LED bulb, what wattage should I choose to keep the same level of illumination? If you don't know, there's now an app for that. The winner of best overall app at the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Apps for the Environment is called Light Bulb

288

Recent News from the National Labs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 4, 2011 August 4, 2011 This 10-watt alternative LED bulb (which glows white when turned on) could save the nation about 35 terawatt-hours of electricity or $3.9 billion in one year and avoid 20 million metric tons of carbon emissions if every 60-watt incandescent bulb in the U.S. was replaced with the L Prize winner. | Photo Courtesy of Philips Lighting North America A Winning Light Bulb With the Potential to Save the Nation Billions Thomas Edison would be amazed. The conventional light bulb is getting some serious competition from a 10-watt LED bulb -- the first winner of the Energy Department's L prize. August 4, 2011 Go Local on the New Energy.gov Want to learn how you can save money by saving energy? Check out our new and easy to use Tax Credits, Rebates and Savings feature for saving

289

Regular Object Types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regular expression types have been proposed as a foundation for statically typed processing of XML and similar forms of tree-structured data. To date, however, regular expression types have been explored in special-purpose languages (e.g., XDuce, CDuce, and XQuery) with type systems designed around regular expression types "from the ground up." The goal of the Xtatic language is to bring regular expression types to a broad audience by offering them as a lightweight extension of a popular object-oriented language, C#. We develop...

Vladimir Gapeyev; Benjamin C. Pierce

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Types of Radiation Exposure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

External Irradiation Contamination Incorporation Biological Effects of Acute, Total Body Irradiation Managing Radiation Emergencies Procedure Demonstration Types of radiation...

291

Type B Drum packages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Type B Drum package is a container in which a single drum containing Type B quantities of radioactive material will be packaged for shipment. The Type B Drum containers are being developed to fill a void in the packaging and transportation capabilities of the US Department of Energy (DOE), as no double containment packaging for single drums of Type B radioactive material is currently available. Several multiple-drum containers and shielded casks presently exist. However, the size and weight of these containers present multiple operational challenges for single-drum shipments. The Type B Drum containers will offer one unshielded version and, if needed, two shielded versions, and will provide for the option of either single or double containment. The primary users of the Type B Drum container will be any organization with a need to ship single drums of Type B radioactive material. Those users include laboratories, waste retrieval facilities, emergency response teams, and small facilities.

Edwards, W.S.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

TYPE OF UPERATICIN  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis 0 Production 0 DisposalStorage a Facility Type 0 Manufacturing q University, a Research Organizatiori 0 Government Sponsored...

293

TYPES OF FIELD TESTING  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TYPES OF FIELD TESTING Convincing proof of energy savings and performance in a specific building and occupant context If direct proof of savings is desired, the only feasible...

294

Discriminative sum types locate the source of type errors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a type system for locating the source of type errors in an applied lambda calculus with ML-style polymorphism. The system is based on discriminative sum types---known from work on soft typing---with annotation subtyping and recursive types. ... Keywords: polymorphism, type errors, type inference

Matthias Neubauer; Peter Thiemann

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

An Improved Type Reduction Algorithm for Type-2 Fuzzy Sets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Type reduction does the work of computing the centroid of a type-2 fuzzy set. The result is a type-1 fuzzy set from which a corresponding (more)

Su, Yao-Lung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Manufacturers, Screw Type Ac Air ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Screw Type Ac Air Compressor, Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Manufacturers & Suppliers Directory - Find here Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Traders, ...

297

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type IV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type IV Jennifer Bragg MD,rubra pilaris (PRP), type IV (circumscribed juvenile).Type IV PRP develops in prepubertal children, is typically

Bragg, Jennifer; Witkiewicz, Agnieszka; Orlow, Seth J; Schaffer, Julie V

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pityriasis rubra pilaris, type 1 Alexandria V Booth MD andhemorrhages [ 1 ]. Five types of pityriasis rubra pilarisand prognosis. The five types include the classic adult and

Booth, Alexandria V; Ma, Linglei

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Types of Thermocouples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Properties of standard thermocouples...Table 1 Properties of standard thermocouples Type Thermoelements Base composition Melting point, °C Resisivity nΩ · m Recommended

300

Manufacturer: Panasonic Battery Type: ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Battery Specifi cations Manufacturer: Panasonic Battery Type: Nickel Metal Hydride Rated Capacity: 5.5 Ahr Rated Power: Not Available Nominal Pack Voltage: 158.4 VDC Nominal Cell...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Type I Tanks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I Tanks I Tanks * 12 Type I tanks were built between 1951-53 * 750,000 gallon capacity; 75 feet in diameter by 24 ½ feet high * Partial secondary containment with leak detection * Contain approximately 10 percent of the waste volume * 7 Type I tanks have leaked waste into the tank annulus; the amount of waste stored in these tanks is kept below the known leak sites that have appeared over the decades of

302

The Napier Type System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Persistent programming is concerned with the construction of large and long lived systems of data. In designing and building persistent object systems, we are attempting to regularise the activities that are performed on data by programming languages, operating systems, database management systems and file systems. We have identified the following areas of research which we are investigating in the context of persistent systems. They are: controlling complexity, protection of data, orthogonal persistence, controlled system evolution and concurrent computation. In this paper, we describe the data modelling facilities of the Napier type system. We also demonstrate the flexible and incremental nature of the type checking mechanism that is required for persistent programming. The type system is central to the nature of the Napier language and we will demonstrate how it has been designed to solve problems in the five areas identified above.

R. Morrison; A.L. Brown; R. Carrick; R.C.H. Connor; A. Dearle; M.P. Atkinson

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

3!NEEi_S1 3!NEEi_S1 past: -~~~-~~~~~-~~~---------- current: ------------_------------- Owner contacted q yes g no; if ye=, date contacted TYPE OF OPERATION --~~__--~-~~~---- 5 Research & Development 5 Facility Type 0 Production scale testing c1 Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process z Theareti cal Studi es Sample Sr Analysis 0 Production D Disposal/Storage TYPE OF CONTRACT ---------------- 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Clrganization B Government Cpanaored Faci 1 i ty 0 Other ~~---~~---_--~~-----_ a Prime 13 Subcontract& D PurcSase Order 0 Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, +z) ----_----------------------- Cantract/Purchaae Order #-d-z=&-/) -2_7~-------------Is_------------ PERIOD: CONTRACTING I%~(?) - 1465

304

Departments of Energy and Defense Launch ENERGY STAR® Operation Change Out  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy and Defense Launch ENERGY STAR® Operation Energy and Defense Launch ENERGY STAR® Operation Change Out - the Military Challenge Campaign to Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Light Bulbs Departments of Energy and Defense Launch ENERGY STAR® Operation Change Out - the Military Challenge Campaign to Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Light Bulbs April 22, 2008 - 11:31am Addthis CAMP LEJEUNE, NC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman on Earth Day launched a joint Department of Energy (DOE) and Defense campaign to challenge military bases nationwide to change their incandescent light bulbs to energy efficient compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) in on-base housing. The ENERGY STAR® campaign, called Operation Change Out, will help bases across the country increase energy efficiency, save money and reduce

305

Another Side of Light - D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D. Three quantum phenomena D. Three quantum phenomena In fluorescence, matter absorbs light waves of a high frequency and then emits light of the same or lower frequency. This process was studied and named by George Gabriel Stokes in the mid-19th century. Today, fluorescence is familiar to us from fluorescent light bulbs. A fluorescent bulb's filament produces ultraviolet light, which is absorbed by the bulb's inner coating, which then emits lower-frequency visible light-more visible light than an incandescent bulb produces with the same wattage. According to the hypothesis of light quanta, during fluorescence an atom absorbs a quantum of light whose energy is proportional to the light wave's frequency. If the atom doesn't supply any extra energy of its own, the light quantum emitted should either have the same energy or less energy

306

Types of quantum information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum, in contrast to classical, information theory, allows for different incompatible types (or species) of information which cannot be combined with each other. Distinguishing these incompatible types is useful in understanding the role of the two classical bits in teleportation (or one bit in one-bit teleportation), for discussing decoherence in information-theoretic terms, and for giving a proper definition, in quantum terms, of ``classical information.'' Various examples (some updating earlier work) are given of theorems which relate different incompatible kinds of information, and thus have no counterparts in classical information theory.

Robert B. Griffiths

2007-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

307

Lighting Retrofit Workbook A PRACTICAL"HOW TO" GUIDE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

comparison for incandescent, CFL, and LED exit signs Source Type Incandescent CFL LED Power 40 watts 10/year based on a comparison of a 40 W A-lamp, a 15 W CFL, and a 5W LED, 24 hours per day, 365 days a year output, etc. · Reduced maintenance and labor costs Improvements in lighting technologies have led

Diamond, Richard

308

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General Service Incandescent Lamps General Service Incandescent Lamps Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products Manufacturers have been required to comply with the Department of Energy's (DOE) energy conservation standards for general service incandescent lamps (GSILs) since 2012. Most GSILs are the pear-shaped, screw-in light bulbs found in most homes. Most GSILs are currently sold as one of four wattages: 40, 60, 75, and 100. Starting in 2012, these will be replaced by more efficient lower wattage lamps. Recent Updates | Standards | Test Procedures | Waiver, Exception, and Exemption Information | Statutory Authority | Historical Information | Contact Information Recent Updates DOE published a final rule updating the test procedures for GSILs. 77 FR 4203 (Jan. 27, 2012).

309

Conditional belief types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study type spaces where a players type at a state is a conditional probability on the space. We axiomatize these type spaces using conditional belief operators, and examine three additional axioms of increasing strength. First, introspection, which requires the agent to be unconditionally certain of her beliefs. Second, echo, according to which the unconditional beliefs implied by the condition must be held given the condition. Third, determination, which says that the conditional beliefs are the unconditional beliefs that are conditionally certain. The echo axiom implies that conditioning on an event is the same as conditioning on the event being certain, which formalizes the standard informal interpretation of conditioning in probability theory. The echo axiom also implies that the conditional probability given an event is a prior of the unconditional probability. The game-theoretic application of our model, which we treat in the context of an example, sheds light on a number of basic issues in the analysis of extensive form games. Type spaces are closely related to the sphere models of counterfactual conditionals and to models of hypothetical knowledge, and we discuss these relationships in detail.

Alfredo Di; Tillio Joseph; Y. Halpern; Dov Samet

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Spray type wet scrubber  

SciTech Connect

A spray type wet scrubber includes a plurality of spray nozzles installed in parallel banks across the path of gas stream within the scrubber body, and partition walls held upright in grating fashion to divide the path of gas stream into a plurality of passages, each of which accommodates one of the spray nozzles.

Atsukawa, M.; Tatani, A.

1978-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

311

Types of Multinet System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A limiting factor in research on combining classifiers is a lack of awareness of the full range of available modular structures. One reason for this is that there is as yet little agreement on a means of describing and classifying types of multiple classifier ...

Amanda J. C. Sharkey

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog » Solar Decathlon 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1' 1' Technology Spotlight: Energy-Efficient Lighting Tuesday, October 8, 2013 By Solar Decathlon Upgrading your lighting is one of the most practical ways to increase your home's energy efficiency. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) provide the same amount of light as incandescent bulbs but use about 75% less energy. CFLs fit into common household fixtures and are available at most hardware stores. And although CFLs cost slightly more than incandescent bulbs, they save money over time by lasting 15 times longer than their less-efficient counterparts. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) offer proof that a lot of light can come in a small package. Typically less than 10 watts, LED lights are becoming more common in desk lamps and under-cabinet applications. This ultra-efficient

313

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog » Tennessee  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tennessee Tennessee Below you will find Solar Decathlon news from the Tennessee archive, sorted by date. Technology Spotlight: Energy-Efficient Lighting Tuesday, October 8, 2013 By Solar Decathlon Upgrading your lighting is one of the most practical ways to increase your home's energy efficiency. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) provide the same amount of light as incandescent bulbs but use about 75% less energy. CFLs fit into common household fixtures and are available at most hardware stores. And although CFLs cost slightly more than incandescent bulbs, they save money over time by lasting 15 times longer than their less-efficient counterparts. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) offer proof that a lot of light can come in a small package. Typically less than 10 watts, LED lights are becoming more

314

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

oE 1 oE 1 ) Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. ) Case Number: 201 0-CE-1012 (Incandescent reflector lamps) 1 ) NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: September 8,2010 Number of alleged violations: 7 M a x i m ~ ~ m possible assessment: $374,560 Proposed civil penalty: $51,100 The Office of the General Counsel of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) alleges that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. (Aero-Tech) violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. 5 6201 et seq., 10 C.F.R. Part 430, or both. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Aero-Tech manufactures andlor privately labels a variety of incandescent reflector lamps, including models: 75BR40/* * (ULA 29), 1 OOBR40/** (ULA 24), 120BR40/** (ULA 25), 100BR38/"* (ULA 32), 150 BR 381"" (ULA 33), and

315

Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Efficiency Energy Efficiency From the incandescent to CFLs to LEDs, we're exploring the long history of the light bulb and how it led to new technology breakthroughs. From the incandescent to CFLs to LEDs, we're exploring the long history of the light bulb and how it led to new technology breakthroughs. Every year, much of the energy the U.S. consumes is wasted through transmission, heat loss and inefficient technology -- costing American families and businesses money, and leading to increased carbon pollution. Energy efficiency is one of the easiest and most cost effective ways to combat climate change, clean the air we breathe, improve the competitiveness of our businesses and reduce energy costs for consumers.

316

Data Center Rating Infrastructure Rating Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DRAFT - November 2009 DRAFT - November 2009 No- and Low-Cost Energy-Saving Tips for Multifamily Housing Common Areas Utility costs are typically the largest controllable operating expense in multifamily housing communities. Strategic energy management practices can greatly reduce these costs, increasing net operating income. ENERGY STAR partners have found the following no- and low-cost measures to be effective in reducing energy consumption and operating expenses. Replace all incandescent bulbs, flood lights, and decorative spot lights with ENERGY STAR qualified compact fluorescents. Replacing one 60 watt incandescent bulb with a 13-watt CFL will save $56 in energy costs over the CFL's lifetime (at $0.12/kWh). In addition, CFLs reduce

317

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog » Solar Decathlon 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Below you will find Solar Decathlon news from the Solar Decathlon 2011 archive, sorted by date. Technology Spotlight: Energy-Efficient Lighting Tuesday, October 8, 2013 By Solar Decathlon Upgrading your lighting is one of the most practical ways to increase your home's energy efficiency. Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) provide the same amount of light as incandescent bulbs but use about 75% less energy. CFLs fit into common household fixtures and are available at most hardware stores. And although CFLs cost slightly more than incandescent bulbs, they save money over time by lasting 15 times longer than their less-efficient counterparts. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) offer proof that a lot of light can come in a small package. Typically less than 10 watts, LED lights are becoming more

318

Scripting the type inference process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To improve the quality of type error messages in functional programming languages,we propose four techniques which influence the behaviour of constraint-based type inference processes. These techniques take the form of externally supplied type inference ... Keywords: constraints, directives, domain-specific programming, type errors, type inference

Bastiaan Heeren; Jurriaan Hage; S. Doaitse Swierstra

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Owner c:ontacted Owner c:ontacted TYPE OF OPERATION ----------------_ jJ Research & Development 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis B Production 0 Disposal/Storage $r Prime 0 Subcontract& 0 Purchase Order 0 Facility Type 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Organization a Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fern, unit price,' time & mate ~r~~-r~~tf~-_~_-_~-~f-~~J~ d ial, etc)_kl/Jlfits ---- -7---- -- Contract/Purchase Order # w?@7-e?-b $ 6, i;,_~~~~~----------------- - ----- C_O!!IF!KXYE-PEELEg: -lTlL-/L?~J --------------------------- OWNERSHXP: AEWHEC AEC/HED' GOVT GB' JT SiXiRACTOR CONiRkCiGR WEE LEAs_EE a!!!%? IEEE!? --------_ ..---LEASED ._ OWNED LANDS BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT

320

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

~~__--------_____ ~~__--------_____ q Research & Development q Production scale testing Cl Pilat Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies a Sample & Analysis c] Production 0 Disposal/Storage TYPE OF CONTRACT ~~__-------_--__ 0 Prime 0 Subcontractor 0 Purchase Order a d//F- a Faci 1 i ty Type a tlanuf acturi ng 0 University q Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility a other --------------__----- Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, qtr) ------- -1------------------_L______ Contract/Purchase Order # CONTRACTING PE?IOD- 42 --------------L---- --------- ----------------_---______ OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED AEC/tlED OWNED ----- LE_A_sEE GOUT GO' JT CONTRACTOR E!!!!E!z LEASED - ----_ ---_OW_E!L LANDS BUILDINGS

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

OWNEF? (S) OWNEF? (S) Current: ____ LcrcJksLG! _________ Owner contacted n yes WI-IO; if yes, date contacted-- TYPE OF OPERATION ----_-------_---- m Research & Development Cl Pilot Scale Cl Disposal/Storaqe TYPE OF CDNTRACT ---__------__--- q Prime 0 Subcnntractor Cl Purchase Order 0 Other infcrmation (i.e., cnst + fixed fee, unit price, time 84 materi+, e.tc) v-7Y07-&G-W ---------------------------- Contract/Pur&aae Order # 0 -?+7- FJc-(CL --___--------~----_______________ CONTRACTING PEXIOD: fl& ,&I;'"'-?;': (&e-?)_-- ' ------------------ OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED GEC/MED SOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR CCNTRACTOR OWNE3 LEASE3 OWNE3 LEASED OWNE3 ----- ------ ----- ------ -__------- LE.352 LANDS u u q BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT 0 FINAL PRODUCT WASTE G RESIDUE a

322

Solar-type Variables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rich acoustic oscillation spectrum in solar-type variables make these stars particularly interesting for studying fluid-dynamical aspects of the stellar interior. I present a summary of the properties of solar-like oscillations, how they are excited and damped and discuss some of the recent progress in using asteroseismic diagnostic techniques for analysing low-degree acoustic modes. Also the effects of stellar-cycle variations in low-mass main-sequence stars are addressed.

Houdek, Gunter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Guide to Energy Efficient Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Today's CFLs Today's CFLs Although CFLs have been available for residential use since the 1980s, they have made significant strides in quality and popularity in recent years. Today, CFLs are the most cost-effective, energy-efficient choice readily available on the market. A CFL produces the same amount of light as a comparable incan- descent, but uses 75% less energy, produces 75% less heat, and lasts up to 10 times longer than an incandescent bulb.

324

T h e o p e n a c c e s s j o u r n a l f o r p h y s i c s New Journal of Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(energy saving light bulbs) offer significant reduction in energy loss (30%) compared to the incandescentT h e o p e n ­ a c c e s s j o u r n a l f o r p h y s i c s New Journal of Physics White light for controlled white light generation with high color rendering index (CRI) (>80) for the first time

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

325

Practical pluggable types for Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces the Checker Framework, which supports adding pluggable type systems to the Java language in a backward-compatible way. A type system designer defines type qualifiers and their semantics, and a compiler ...

Papi, Matthew M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Practical pluggable types for Java.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper introduces the Checker Framework, which supports adding pluggable type systems to the Java language in a backward-compatible way. A type system designer defines (more)

Papi, Matthew M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Type inference for datalog with complex type hierarchies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Type inference for Datalog can be understood as the problem of mapping programs to a sublanguage for which containment is decidable. To wit, given a program in Datalog, a schema describing the types of extensional relations, and a user-supplied set of ... Keywords: datalog, type inference, type system

Max Schfer; Oege de Moor

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

_---------_-- _---------_-- Research & Development 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilat Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample SC Analysis !J Production 0 Dis.posal/Storage 0 Prime ." 0 Subcontract& 0 Purchase Order 0 Facility Type 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Org&ization 0 Government Sponsored Facility Cl Other ---------_---__-____- Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee, unit price, time & material, gtr) Coni+act/Purchase Order # ---------------------_--_________ C!2kEE~_CIL_N_G-EE~LE~: /5J--L-,r4 53 -------------------------------------- OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED AEC/MED GOVT GOVT CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR !w!!E? ___--- " EWNED LEASED L_EesEE OWNED LEASED ---------_ --_------ LANDS BUILDINGS ' EQUIPMENT

329

Forecast Technical Document Forecast Types  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecast Technical Document Forecast Types A document describing how different forecast types are implemented in the 2011 Production Forecast system. Tom Jenkins Robert Matthews Ewan Mackie Lesley Halsall #12;PF2011 ­ Forecast Types Background Different `types' of forecast are possible for a specified area

330

Type inference for generic Haskell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The more expressive a type system, the more type information has to be provided in a program. Having to provide a type is sometimes a pain, but lacking expressivity is often even worse. There is a continuous struggle between expressivity and (type-)verbosity. However, even very expressive type systems allow type inference for parts of a program. Generic Haskell is an extension of Haskell that supports defining generic functions. Generic Haskell assumes that the type of a generic function is explicitly specified. This is often no problem, but sometimes it is rather painful to have to specify a type in particular for generic functions with many dependencies and sometimes the specified type can be generalized. In this paper, we identify three type inference problems specific to generic functions, and present (partial) solutions to each of them. 1

Alexey Rodriguez; Johan Jeuring; Andres Lh

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

______ ______ 0 Research & Development 9 Faciiity Type 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis Production Di aposal /Storage g ;E:"V',;=:;;';"" IJ Research Organization 0 Government Sponeored Facility q Other --------------------- 0 Prime q ,@ Subcontract& Other information (i.e., cost 0 Purchase Order + fixed fee, unit price, time ?8 material, etc) -------mm----+------------- Contract/Purchase Order # CONTRACTING PERIODr c&L&.& rqs-z i i -----~_--~~~_----_ -------------------------------------- OWNERSHIP8 CIEC/tlED CIEC/MED GOUT WNED LE&xU _o!!EED LANDS BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT iii E : ORE OR RAW MATL IJ : E FINCIL PRODUCT [7 WCISTE b RESIDUE q GOUT

332

TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

----------------- ----------------- 0 Research & Development .a Production scale testing 0 Pilat Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Thearetical Studies Cl Sample 84 Analysis 0 Production *i DiaposalKitorage Cl Facility Tybe q Government Sponsored Facility Other R.L- 6:e 14 1 1 ---------- --------- I I I TYPE OF CONTRACT ~-__-----------_ fl Prime *I 0 Subcantractbr Other infuriation (i.e., L.t + fixed fee, kit price, 0 Purchase Order time k mat*iik, gtc) /I -~---------'-t-----------~- ----------II---------------- Contract/Purchase Order # I EP!EBEII!G-PEEI9E: ---------------------------------~---- , OWNERSHiP: : I I j ,' / 1 AEC/tlED AEC/MED GOUT GOUT E!!NE_D LEASEI! !z%!NE_D CONTTACTOR CONTf?qCTOR LEASE?? ---w!En- ---LEL3SEI! i I I I LANDS BUILDINGS EIXIIPMENT

333

DOE Requires Manufacturer and Labeler to Cease Sale of Incandescent Reflector Lamps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE has issued Notices of Non-Compliance Determination to Westinghouse Lighting Corporation and Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Company requiring that they halt the sale of 8 basic...

334

A type system for CHR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a generic type system for the Constraint Handling Rules (CHR), a rewriting rule language for implementing constraint solvers. CHR being a high-level extension of a host language, such as Prolog or Java, this type system is parameterized by the type system of the host language. We show the consistency of the type system for CHR w.r.t. its operational semantics. We also study the case when the host language is a constraint logic programming language, typed with the prescriptive type system we developed in our previous work. In particular, we show the consistency of the resulting type system w.r.t. the extended execution model CLP+CHR. This system is implemented through an extension of our type checker TCLP for constraint logic languages. We report on experimental results about the type-checking of 12 CHR solvers and programs, including TCLP itself.

Emmanuel Coquery; Franois Fages

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Pluggable type-checking for custom type qualifiers in Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have created a framework for adding custom type qualifiers to the Javalanguage in a backward-compatible way. The type system designer definesthe qualifiers and creates a compiler plug-in that enforces theirsemantics. ...

Papi, Matthew M.

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

336

Tornado type wind turbines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tornado type wind turbine has a vertically disposed wind collecting tower with spaced apart inner and outer walls and a central bore. The upper end of the tower is open while the lower end of the structure is in communication with a wind intake chamber. An opening in the wind chamber is positioned over a turbine which is in driving communication with an electrical generator. An opening between the inner and outer walls at the lower end of the tower permits radially flowing air to enter the space between the inner and outer walls while a vertically disposed opening in the wind collecting tower permits tangentially flowing air to enter the central bore. A porous portion of the inner wall permits the radially flowing air to interact with the tangentially flowing air so as to create an intensified vortex flow which exits out of the top opening of the tower so as to create a low pressure core and thus draw air through the opening of the wind intake chamber so as to drive the turbine.

Hsu, Cheng-Ting (Ames, IA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

A Type Driven Theory of Predication with Complex Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates several models of the complex type which is needed to analyze copredication. Previous accounts are shown to be inadequate and a new account both of and copredication is proposed. Keywords: categorial interpretation,, coercion,, complex types,, copredication,, dot()types, lambda calculus,

Nicholas Asher

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

5/5/2011 1 of 2 The official version of this information will only be maintained in an on-line web format. Any and all printed copies of this material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-duty campus-only vehicles Zero or ultra low emissions Light Bulbs Screw-In Type Bulbs Energy Star qualified Low or no volatile organic compounds (VOCs) University Vehicles Vehicles Electric for light CFL(Compact Fluorescent) Pin-Type Bulbs TCLP Compliant Water Service Drinking Water Filtration Unit

339

Generic and maximal Jordan types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 7, 2007 ... (G,k) we exhibit a generic Jordan type of M. In the very special ... specializes to the non-trivial observation that the Jordan type obtained by.

340

Evolutionary Analysis of 11beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase-Type 1, -Type 2, -Type 3 and 17beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase-Type 2 in Fish  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metabolized by 11 -hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-type 1and type 2 andhydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-type 1 and type 2. A. 11 -HSD1

Baker, Michael E

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

TYPE OF OPERATION R Research & Development T& Facility Type  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

-- R Research & Development T& Facility Type 0 Production scale testing a Pilat scale Y-. Bench Scale Process i Theoretical Studies Sample & Analysis 0 Productian 0 Disposal...

342

From Typing Constraints to Typed Constraint Systems in CHR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Typing constraint programs requires the exibility of subtyping to properly express coercions between constraint domains. The typing of constraint logic programs as done in the TCLP system for example involves solving complex subtyping constraints. In this paper we present an implementation in CHR of Pottier's algorithm for checking the satisfiability of subtype inequalities. We show that when combined with a CHR implementation of an untyped constraint system, a simple merge of both CHR programs gives rise to a new typed constraint system which enjoys nice semantical properties. This is illustrated with examples of typed unification and TCLP programs.

Emmanuel Coquery; Franois Fages; Projet Contraintes Inria-rocquencourt

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Window Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Types Window Types Window Types June 18, 2012 - 8:06am Addthis A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto What does this mean for me? If you have old windows, they are likely losing large amounts of energy through the frames and glazing. By upgrading old windows, you can reduce heating and cooling costs in your home. Windows come in a number of different frame and glazing types. By combining an energy-efficient frame choice with a glazing type tailored to your climate and application, you can customize each of your home's windows. Types of Window Frames Improving the thermal resistance of the frame can contribute to a window's

344

Window Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Types Window Types Window Types June 18, 2012 - 8:06am Addthis A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto A wood-frame window with insulated window glazing. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/chandlerphoto What does this mean for me? If you have old windows, they are likely losing large amounts of energy through the frames and glazing. By upgrading old windows, you can reduce heating and cooling costs in your home. Windows come in a number of different frame and glazing types. By combining an energy-efficient frame choice with a glazing type tailored to your climate and application, you can customize each of your home's windows. Types of Window Frames Improving the thermal resistance of the frame can contribute to a window's

345

Type error slicing in implicitly typed higher-order languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous methods have generally identified the location of a type error as a particular program point or the program subtree rooted at that point. We present a new approach that identifies the location of a type error as a set of program points (a slice) ...

Christian Haack; J. B. Wells

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Infrastructure Failure - Types and Frequency  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Infrastructure Failure - Types and Frequency. Small events that have no impact on supplies Events that require supply/demand responses Events that result in a ...

347

National Type Evaluation Technical Committee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... checked on an in-motion railway track scale ... Type of Test: (no change) Rail Scale Testing ... or digital), hydraulic, vibrating wire, piezoelectric, or other. ...

2011-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

348

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Lighting Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Lighting Types Lighting Types The following are the most widely used types of lighting equipment used in commercial buildings. Characteristics such as energy efficiency, light quality, and lifetime vary by lamp type. Standard Fluorescent A fluorescent lamp consists of a sealed gas-filled tube. The gas in the tube consists of a mixture of low pressure mercury vapor and an inert gas such as argon. The inner surface of the tube has a coating of phosphor powder. When an electrical current is applied to electrodes in the tube, the mercury vapor emits ultraviolet radiation which then causes the phosphor coating to emit visible light (the process is termed fluorescence). A ballast is required to regulate and control the current and voltage. Two types of ballasts are used, magnetic and electronic. Electronic ballasts

349

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2010 5, 2010 Longview, TX has established a program that enables residents to swap out four incandescent light bulbs for four CFLs. | Department of Energy Photo | Government Work | Getting CFLs Home in Longview, Texas Inefficient light bulbs can drive up electricity bills and drain homeowners' wallets. With that in mind, government officials in the east Texas city of Longview established a light bulb swap program that is projected to save participating households $242. August 24, 2010 Maine's Weatherization Milestones Why Maine is a leader when it comes to weatherization. August 24, 2010 Ho-Chunk Nation is conducting audits throughout Wisconsin to find energy wasters such as decrepit HVAC units. | File photo Wisconsin Tribe Performing State-Wide Audits on 'Energy Wasters'

350

A type system for CHR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a generic type system for the Constraint Handling Rules (CHR), a rewriting rule language for implementing constraint solvers. CHR being a high-level extension of a host language, such as Prolog or Java, this type system is parameterized ...

Emmanuel Coquery; Franois Fages

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

High-Intensity Discharge Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

High-intensity discharge (HID) lighting provides the highest efficacy and longest service life of any lighting type. It can save 75%-90% of lighting energy when it replaces incandescent lighting.

352

Energy Basics: High-Intensity Discharge Lighting  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and longest service life of any lighting type. It can save 75%-90% of lighting energy when it replaces incandescent lighting. HID lamps use an electric arc to produce...

353

Partial Type Inference with Higher-Order Types.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The language MLF is an extension of System-F that permits robust first-order partial type inference with second-order polymorphism. We propose an extension of MLF's graphical (more)

HERMS, PAOLO

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

P-type gallium nitride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Several methods have been found to make p-type gallium nitride. P-type gallium nitride has long been sought for electronic devices. N-type gallium nitride is readily available. Discovery of p-type gallium nitride and the methods for making it will enable its use in ultraviolet and blue light-emitting diodes and lasers. pGaN will further enable blue photocathode elements to be made. Molecular beam epitaxy on substrates held at the proper temperatures, assisted by a nitrogen beam of the proper energy produced several types of p-type GaN with hole concentrations of about 5{times}10{sup 11} /cm{sup 3} and hole mobilities of about 500 cm{sup 2} /V-sec, measured at 250 K. P-type GaN can be formed of unintentionally-doped material or can be doped with magnesium by diffusion, ion implantation, or co-evaporation. When applicable, the nitrogen can be substituted with other group III elements such as Al. 9 figs.

Rubin, M.; Newman, N.; Fu, T.; Ross, J.; Chan, J.

1997-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

355

P-type gallium nitride  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Several methods have been found to make p-type gallium nitride. P-type gallium nitride has long been sought for electronic devices. N-type gallium nitride is readily available. Discovery of p-type gallium nitride and the methods for making it will enable its use in ultraviolet and blue light-emitting diodes and lasers. pGaN will further enable blue photocathode elements to be made. Molecular beam epitaxy on substrates held at the proper temperatures, assisted by a nitrogen beam of the proper energy produced several types of p-type GaN with hole concentrations of about 5.times.10.sup.11 /cm.sup.3 and hole mobilities of about 500 cm.sup.2 /V-sec, measured at 250.degree. K. P-type GaN can be formed of unintentionally-doped material or can be doped with magnesium by diffusion, ion implantation, or co-evaporation. When applicable, the nitrogen can be substituted with other group III elements such as Al.

Rubin, Michael (Berkeley, CA); Newman, Nathan (Montara, CA); Fu, Tracy (Berkeley, CA); Ross, Jennifer (Pleasanton, CA); Chan, James (Berkeley, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Gradual typing with unification-based inference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Static and dynamic type systems have well-known strengths and weaknesses. Gradual typing provides the benefits of both in a single language by giving the programmer control over which portions of the program are statically checked based on the ... Keywords: dynamic typing, gradual typing, simply typed lambda calculus, static typing, type inference, unification

Jeremy G. Siek; Manish Vachharajani

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Metacapacitors for LED Lighting: Metacapacitors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ADEPT Project: The CUNY Energy Institute is developing less expensive, more efficient, smaller, and longer-lasting power converters for energy-efficient LED lights. LEDs produce light more efficiently than incandescent lights and last significantly longer than compact fluorescent bulbs, but they require more sophisticated power converter technology, which increases their cost. LEDs need more sophisticated converters because they require a different type of power (low voltage direct current, or DC) than what's generally supplied by power outlets. The CUNY Energy Institute is developing sophisticated power converters for LEDs that contain capacitors made from new, nanoscale materials. Capacitors are electrical components that are used to store energy. CUNY's unique capacitors are configured with advanced power circuits to more efficiently control and convert power to the LED lighting source. They also eliminate the need for large magnetic components, instead relying on networks of capacitors that can be easily printed on plastic substrate. CUNY's prototype LED power converter already meets DOE's 2020 projections for the energy efficiency of LED power converters.

None

2010-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

358

Type Ia Supernovae Project at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Type Ia Supernovae Type Ia Supernovae Supernova-1.jpg Update: Recent Berkeley Lab Computing Sciences News about supernovae: read more... Key Challenges: Understanding Type Ia...

359

Property:InfographicType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Property Name InfographicType Property Type String Description The type of document as a string. This property is used by References and...

360

Typed MSR: Syntax and Examples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many design flaws and incorrect analyses of cryptographic protocols can be traced to inadequate specification languages for message components, environment assumptions, and goals. In this paper, we present MSR, a strongly typed specification language ...

Iliano Cervesato

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Adding dynamic types to C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developers using statically typed languages such as C? and Java are increasingly having to interoperate with APIs and object models defined in dynamic languages. This impedance mismatch results in code that is difficult to understand, awkward to ...

Gavin Bierman; Erik Meijer; Mads Torgersen

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

The Effect of and Correction for Different Wet-Bulb and Dry-Bulb Response in Thermocouple Psychrometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fast-responding thermocouple psychrometers are often used in atmospheric boundary-layer turbulence measurements for the computation of heat and moisture fluxes. Small size, low cost, ease of interchange-ability and the use of the familiar ...

W. J. Shaw; J. E. Tillman

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Superspace Type II 4D Supergravity from Type II Superstring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the equations of motion of type II 4D supergravity in superspace. This is achieved by coupling the Type II Berkovits' hybrid superstring to an N=2 curved background and requiring that the sigma-model has N=(2,2) superconformal invariance at one loop. We show that there are no anomalies in the fermionic OPE's and the complete set of compensator's equations is derived from the energy-momentum tensor. The equations of motion describe a hypertensorial and vectorial multiplet coupled to a U(1)\\times U(1) N=2 Poincar\\`e Supergravity.

Daniel L. Nedel

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

364

Generativity and dynamic opacity for abstract types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The standard formalism for explaining abstract types is existential quantification. While it provides a sufficient model for type abstraction in entirely statically typed languages, it proves to be too weak for languages enriched with forms of dynamic ... Keywords: abstract types, dynamic typing, encapsulation, existential types, generativity, opacity

Andreas Rossberg

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Types of Reuse | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Property » Property Reuse » Types of Reuse Services » Property » Property Reuse » Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse Types of Reuse The following provides greater detail regarding the types of reuse pursued for LM sites. It should be noted that many actual reuses combine several types of the uses listed below. Agriculture Many of the LM lands in the west are surrounded by open rangeland administered by the Bureau of Land Management or large ranches that are primarily used for grazing. LM promotes agricultural uses of lands that are surrounded by existing agricultural operations. Agricultural uses, such as cultivation of crops, could be combined with habitat improvements or

366

Description of CBECS Building Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Description of Building Types Description of Building Types Description of CBECS Building Types In the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), buildings are classified according to principal activity, which is the primary business, commerce, or function carried on within each building. Buildings used for more than one of the activities described below are assigned to the activity occupying the most floorspace at the time of the interview. Thus, a building assigned to a particular principal activity category may be used for other activities in a portion of its space or at some time during the year. In the 1999 CBECS, respondents were asked to place their building into a sub-category that was a more specific activity than has been collected in prior surveys. This was done to ensure the quality of the data; after data collection, the subcategories were combined into these more general building categories, which are consistent with prior CBECS surveys.

367

Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maintenance Types Maintenance Types to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Federal Requirements Program Management Commissioning Metering Computerized Maintenance Management Systems Maintenance Types Reactive Preventive Predictive Reliability-Centered Major Equipment Types Resources Contacts

368

Hadamard type operations for qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain the most general ensemble of qubits, for which it is possible to design a universal Hadamard gate. These states when geometrically represented on the Bloch sphere, give a new trajectory. We further consider some Hadamard `type' of operations and find ensembles of states for which such transformations hold. Unequal superposition of a qubit and its orthogonal complement is also investigated.

Arpita Maitra; Preeti Parashar

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

369

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Certain Lamps Exempted from General Service Incandescent Lamp Standards Certain Lamps Exempted from General Service Incandescent Lamp Standards Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The information on this page pertains to the Department of Energy's (DOE) analysis of and unit sales forecast for five lamp types, which was mandated by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA 2007). Among the requirements of subtitle B of title III of EISA 2007 were provisions directing DOE to evaluate and publish within 1 year a benchmark unit sales estimate for five types of incandescent lamps (rough service lamps, vibration service lamps, 3-way incandescent lamps, 2,601-3,300 lumen general service incandescent lamps, and shatter-resistant lamps). These lamp types were not made subject to the regulatory standards for general service incandescent lamps established by EISA 2007. Among the requirements of subtitle B of title III of EISA 2007 were provisions directing DOE to collect, analyze, and monitor unit sales of these five lamp types.

370

Description of CBECS Building Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) > Description of Building Types Description of CBECS Building Types In the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), buildings are classified according to principal activity, which is the primary business, commerce, or function carried on within each building. Buildings used for more than one of the activities described below are assigned to the activity occupying the most floorspace at the time of the interview. Thus, a building assigned to a particular principal activity category may be used for other activities in a portion of its space or at some time during the year. In the 1999 and 2003 CBECS, respondents were asked to place their building into a sub-category that was a more specific activity than has been collected in prior surveys. This was done to ensure the quality of the data; after data collection, the subcategories were combined into these more general building categories, which are consistent with prior CBECS surveys.

371

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Medium Base Compact Fluorescent Lamps Medium Base Compact Fluorescent Lamps Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products The Department of Energy (DOE) has regulated the energy efficiency level of medium base compact fluorescent lamps since 2005. Medium base compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or bulbs are the often curly, screw-in versions of the long tube fluorescent lights commonly found in kitchens or garages. CFLs are available in a range of light colors, including incandescent-like "warm" tones. Some CFLs are encased in a bulb-shaped cover to further diffuse the light. These can be used with clamp-on lampshades. CFLs can provide the same lighting as traditional incandescent bulbs for reading and room lighting. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) amended Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 (EPCA) setting energy conservation standards for medium base compact fluorescent lamps. DOE will conduct an analysis of energy, emission and cost reductions when it reviews these standards in future rulemakings.

372

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 26370 of 29,416 results. 61 - 26370 of 29,416 results. Download Lumiram Electric: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1014) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Lumiram Electric Corporation failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/lumiram-electric-proposed-penalty-2010-ce-1014 Download Aero-Tech: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1012) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. failed to certify a variety of incandescent reflector lamps as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/aero-tech-proposed-penalty-2010-ce-1012 Download Averen: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-0711) DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Averen, Inc. failed

373

Pumpkin Patterns  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) like this are simply a Compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) like this are simply a curly version of the long tube fluorescent lights you might see in your school, office or garage, and use less electricity than traditional incandescents. An ENERGY STAR-qualified CFL uses about 1/4th the energy and lasts 10 times longer than an incandescent bulb that puts out the same amount of light. Biomass is material made from plants and animals, and contains stored energy from the sun. This renewable energy source can be made from wood, crops, manure and even garbage. Using biomass for energy can cut back on waste and greenhouse gas emissions. Just like a windmill, wind turbines like this one use blades to collect the wind's kinetic energy. The wind flows over the blades, which causes them to turn. The blades are

374

Secretary Chu Announces More than $37 Million for Next Generation Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

than $37 Million for Next Generation than $37 Million for Next Generation Lighting Secretary Chu Announces More than $37 Million for Next Generation Lighting January 15, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced more than $37 million in funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to support high-efficiency solid-state lighting projects. Solid-state lighting, which uses light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) instead of incandescent bulbs, has the potential to be ten times more energy-efficient than traditional incandescent lighting. Lighting accounts for approximately 24 percent of the total electricity generated in the United States today - by 2030, the development and widespread deployment of cost-effective solid-state

375

Homes News and Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Homes News and Blog Homes News and Blog Homes News and Blog Blog A three-part Energy Department-funded study indicates LEDs are more environmentally friendly than compact fluorescent and incandescent lights. | Energy Department graphic Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs December 9, 2013 4:13 PM Final results of a three-part Energy Department-funded study found that LEDs have less negative environmental impacts than incandescent bulbs and a slight edge over CFLs. Read The Full Story Homes News and Blog Improving Energy Efficiency and Creating Jobs Through Weatherization December 9, 2013 9:37 AM Since 2009, when the Energy Department seized a major opportunity to invest $5 billion through our Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) to stimulate job growth and help families affected by the Read The Full Story

376

Office Energy Checklist | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office Energy Checklist Office Energy Checklist Office Energy Checklist October 7, 2013 - 4:48pm Addthis This checklist outlines actions that conserve energy at the office. Checkbox Replace incandescent lights with compact fluorescent lights (CFLs) or light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for desk lamps and overhead lighting. Using CFLs instead of comparable incandescent bulbs can save about 50% on your lighting costs. CFLs use only one-fourth the energy and last up to 10 times longer. Checkbox Switch off all unnecessary lights. Use dimmers, motion sensors, or occupancy sensors to automatically turn off lighting when not in use to reduce energy use and costs. Checkbox Turn off lights when you leave at night. Checkbox Use natural lighting or daylighting. When feasible, turn off lights near windows

377

Buildings News and Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

About Us » News & Blog » Buildings News and Blog About Us » News & Blog » Buildings News and Blog Buildings News and Blog Blog A three-part Energy Department-funded study indicates LEDs are more environmentally friendly than compact fluorescent and incandescent lights. | Energy Department graphic Study: Environmental Benefits of LEDs Greater Than CFLs December 9, 2013 4:13 PM Final results of a three-part Energy Department-funded study found that LEDs have less negative environmental impacts than incandescent bulbs and a slight edge over CFLs. Read The Full Story EnergyPlus Boosts Building Efficiency with Help from Autodesk November 21, 2013 1:55 PM Autodesk has translated EnergyPlus' 600,000 lines of computer code into C++, one of the world's most popular programming languages. The change increases accessibility of EnergyPlus to many more developers, who can

378

Federal Energy Management Program: Office Energy Checklist  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Office Energy Checklist Office Energy Checklist This checklist outlines actions that conserve energy at the office. Replace incandescent lights with compact fluorescent lights (CFLs) or light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for desk lamps and overhead lighting. Using CFLs instead of comparable incandescent bulbs can save about 50% on your lighting costs. CFLs use only one-fourth the energy and last up to 10 times longer. Switch off all unnecessary lights. Use dimmers, motion sensors, or occupancy sensors to automatically turn off lighting when not in use to reduce energy use and costs. Turn off lights when you leave at night. Use natural lighting or daylighting. When feasible, turn off lights near windows Use task lighting; instead of brightly lighting an entire room, focus the light where you need it, to directly illuminate work areas.

379

A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting June 16, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert Just when consumers started getting familiar with the spiral ice-cream cone-shaped and prong-shaped compact fluorescents (CFLs), along comes LED lighting, a solid-state lighting (SSL) solution. Some experts are predicting that solid-state lighting is set to turn the current lighting industry on its head, and perhaps in the not-too-distant future make the century-old incandescent light bulb go the way of the dinosaur. Many consumers have been saving money and helping the environment for years by using LED lights during the holidays. These light strings use 75% less energy than conventional (i.e., incandescent) light strings. ENERGY STAR decorative light strings are independently tested to meet strict lifetime

380

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Aero- Aero- Tech Light Bulb Co., Respondent Case Number : 2010-CE-1012 Issued : October 8, 2010 By the General Counsel , U.S. Department of Energy: 1. DOE has promulgated energy conservation standards for incandescent reflector lamps at 10 C . F.R. § 430.32. 2. DOE initiated a case on September 8, 2010 , to pursue a civil penalty for violations of the compliance certification requirements at 10 C.F . R. § 430.62. 3. Respondent manufactures and/or privately labels incandescent reflector lamps, including basic models 75BR40 /** (ULA 29), 100BR40 /* * (ULA 24), 120BR40 /** (ULA 25), 100BR38 /** (ULA 32), 150 BR 38/** (ULA 33), and 75BR38/**. 4. Based on the information gathered in this case, including Respondent's packaging, labeling, and marketing materials, which demonstrate that these models are

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting A Rising Star: Solid-State Lighting June 16, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis John Lippert Just when consumers started getting familiar with the spiral ice-cream cone-shaped and prong-shaped compact fluorescents (CFLs), along comes LED lighting, a solid-state lighting (SSL) solution. Some experts are predicting that solid-state lighting is set to turn the current lighting industry on its head, and perhaps in the not-too-distant future make the century-old incandescent light bulb go the way of the dinosaur. Many consumers have been saving money and helping the environment for years by using LED lights during the holidays. These light strings use 75% less energy than conventional (i.e., incandescent) light strings. ENERGY STAR decorative light strings are independently tested to meet strict lifetime

382

Type I vs type II spiral ganglion neurons exhibit differential survival and neuritogenesis during cochlear development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GD: Membrane properties of type II spiral ganglion neuronesJP, Ryan AF, Housley GD: Type III intermediate filamentinhibits neuritogenesis in type II spiral ganglion neurons

Barclay, Meagan; Ryan, Allen F; Housley, Gary D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

JOM: Author Tools - Types of Papers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HOME > Author Tools > Types of Papers. Types of Papers ... Explores materials usage and development throughout history. These articles must contain new...

384

Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Commissioning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Commissioning to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Types of Commissioning on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Types of...

385

Type IIB Orientifolds, F-theory, Type I Strings on Orbifolds and Type I - Heterotic Duality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider six and four dimensional ${\\cal N}=1$ supersymmetric orientifolds of Type IIB compactified on orbifolds. We give the conditions under which the perturbative world-sheet orientifold approach is adequate, and list the four dimensional ${\\cal N}=1$ orientifolds (which are rather constrained) that satisfy these conditions. We argue that in most cases orientifolds contain non-perturbative sectors that are missing in the world-sheet approach. These non-perturbative sectors can be thought of as arising from D-branes wrapping various collapsed 2-cycles in the orbifold. Using these observations, we explain certain ``puzzles'' in the literature on four dimensional orientifolds. In particular, in some four dimensional orientifolds the ``naive'' tadpole cancellation conditions have no solution. However, these tadpole cancellation conditions are derived using the world-sheet approach which we argue to be inadequate in these cases due to appearance of additional non-perturbative sectors. The main tools in our analyses are the map between F-theory and orientifold vacua and Type I-heterotic duality. Utilizing the consistency conditions we have found in this paper, we discuss consistent four dimensional chiral ${\\cal N}=1$ Type I vacua which are non-perturbative from the heterotic viewpoint.

Zurab Kakushadze; Gary Shiu; S. -H. Henry Tye

1998-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

386

Wheel-type magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to a wheel-type magnetic refrigerator capable of cooling over a large temperature range. Ferromagnetic or paramagnetic porous materials are layered circumferentially according to their Curie temperature. The innermost layer has the lowest Curie temperature and the outermost layer has the highest Curie temperature. The wheel is rotated through a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and parallel to its direction of rotation. A fluid is pumped through portions of the layers using inner and outer manifolds to achieve refrigeration of a thermal load.

Barclay, J.A.

1982-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

387

Wheel-type magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to a wheel-type magnetic refrigerator capable of cooling over a large temperature range. Ferromagnetic or paramagnetic porous materials are layered circumferentially according to their Curie temperature. The innermost layer has the lowest Curie temperature and the outermost layer has the highest Curie temperature. The wheel is rotated through a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and parallel to its direction of rotation. A fluid is pumped through portions of the layers using inner and outer manifolds to achieve refrigeration of a thermal load.

Barclay, John A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Wheel-type magnetic refrigerator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to a wheel-type magnetic refrigerator capable of cooling over a large temperature range. Ferromagnetic or paramagnetic porous materials are layered circumferentially according to their Curie temperature. The innermost layer has the lowest Curie temperature and the outermost layer has the highest Curie temperature. The wheel is rotated through a magnetic field perpendicular to the axis of the wheel and parallel to its direction of rotation. A fluid is pumped through portions of the layers using inner and outer manifolds to achieve refrigeration of a thermal load. 7 figs.

Barclay, J.A.

1983-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

389

Energy Economy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 4, 2011 August 4, 2011 This 10-watt alternative LED bulb (which glows white when turned on) could save the nation about 35 terawatt-hours of electricity or $3.9 billion in one year and avoid 20 million metric tons of carbon emissions if every 60-watt incandescent bulb in the U.S. was replaced with the L Prize winner. | Photo Courtesy of Philips Lighting North America A Winning Light Bulb With the Potential to Save the Nation Billions Thomas Edison would be amazed. The conventional light bulb is getting some serious competition from a 10-watt LED bulb -- the first winner of the Energy Department's L prize. August 1, 2011 2009 Energy Expenditure Per Person July 29, 2011 President Barack Obama delivers remarks on fuel efficiency standards for 2017-2025 model year cars and light-duty trucks during an event at the Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C., July 29, 2011. Seated behind the President are at left are auto industry executives and Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood. (Official White House Photo by Samantha Appleton)

390

Improving MPI communication via data type fission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Message Passing Interface (MPI) messages are centered around transmitting instances of MPI data types. The data types represented in MPI terms are usually modeled after data types native to the application. If a user does not want to transmit a field ... Keywords: MPI, communication, data type fission, static transformation

Ben Perry; Martin Swany

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Explaining ML type errors by data flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a novel approach to explaining ML type errors: Since the type system inhibits data flows that would abort the program at run-time, our type checker identifies as explanations those data flows that violate the typing rules. It also detects ...

Holger Gast

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Property:ProjectType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ProjectType ProjectType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ProjectType Property Type Page Description A descriptive type for a project. This property uses pages as for its values, each of which should describe the type in detail. Pages using the property "ProjectType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Akutan Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Alligator Geothermal Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Alum Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Aurora Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + B Bald Mountain Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Baltazor Springs Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Barren Hills Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System + Black Rock I Geothermal Project + Hydrothermal System +

393

Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Control Lighting Control Types to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories Product Designation Process Low Standby Power Energy & Cost Savings Calculators Model Acquisitions Language Working Group Resources Technology Deployment Renewable Energy

394

Toeplitz CAR flows and type I factorizations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toeplitz CAR flows are a class of E_0-semigroups including the first type III example constructed by R. T. Powers. We show that the Toeplitz CAR flows contain uncountably many mutually non cocycle conjugate E_0-semigroups of type III. We also generalize the type III criterion for Toeplitz CAR flows employed by Powers (and later refined by W. Arveson), and show that Toeplitz CAR flows are always either of type I or type III.

Izumi, Masaki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Hydrogen in Type Ic Supernovae?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By definition, a Type Ic supernova (SN Ic) does not have conspicuous lines of hydrogen or helium in its optical spectrum. SNe Ic usually are modelled in terms of the gravitational collapse of bare carbon-oxygen cores. We consider the possibility that the spectra of ordinary (SN 1994I-like) SNe Ic have been misinterpreted, and that SNe Ic eject hydrogen. An absorption feature usually attributed to a blend of Si II 6355 and C II 6580 may be produced by H-alpha. If SN 1994I-like SNe Ic eject hydrogen, the possibility that hypernova (SN 1998bw-like) SNe Ic, some of which are associated with gamma-ray bursts, also eject hydrogen should be considered. The implications of hydrogen for SN Ic progenitors and explosion models are briefly discussed.

David Branch; David J. Jeffery; Timothy R. Young; E. Baron

2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

396

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sodium lights: A type of high ... Standard fluorescent: A light bulb made of a glass tube coated on the inside with fluorescent material, ...

397

Federal Energy Management Program: Federal Procurement of Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

industrial luminaires and many types of exterior lighting. ENERGY STAR covers light bulbs, including compact fluorescent lamps and LED lamps, and light fixtures, including a...

398

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

downloadscx-007733-categorical-exclusion-determination Article Fluorescent Lighting CFL bulbs are the most popular type of fluorescent lighting, combining the energy...

399

Shakopee Public Utilities - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate CFLs: 5 bulbs LED Holiday Light Stings: 5 strings Program Information Minnesota Program Type Utility...

400

ORISE: Coordinating Scientific Peer Reviews to Advance Energy Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency Energy Efficiency ORISE Reviews and Evaluates Technologies that Advance Energy Efficiency ORISE Reviews and Evaluates Technologies that Advance Energy Efficiency In addition to renewable energy and changes in individual behavior, energy efficiency is generally achieved through the development of more efficient technologies. Buildings are being constructed with more energy efficient systems, fluorescent light bulbs are replacing incandescent lights, and new vehicle technologies are enabling America to use less petroleum. The Oak Ridge Institute for Science Education (ORISE) realizes that energy efficiency encompasses a wide spectrum of industries and supports the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in its mission to reduce America's dependence on foreign oil.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Type C: Caldera Resource | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C: Caldera Resource C: Caldera Resource Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Type C: Caldera Resource Dictionary.png Type C: Caldera Resource: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Brophy Occurrence Models This classification scheme was developed by Brophy, as reported in Updating the Classification of Geothermal Resources. Type A: Magma-heated, Dry Steam Resource Type B: Andesitic Volcanic Resource Type C: Caldera Resource Type D: Sedimentary-hosted, Volcanic-related Resource Type E: Extensional Tectonic, Fault-Controlled Resource Type F: Oceanic-ridge, Basaltic Resource Caldera resources may be found in many tectonic settings but are defined by their caldera structures which control the flow of the fluids in the system.

402

What is the fastest type of energy?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

What is the fastest type of energy? Since almost all forms of radiation move at the speed of light, we can determine that there are SEVERAL types of energies that are equally fast....

403

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

267 V Rated Capacity (C3): 80 Ah Cooling Method: Glycol Water mix heat exchanger Powertrain Motor Type: 3 Phase Permanent Magnet Number of Motors: One Motor Cooling Type: Oil to...

404

Fuel Ethanol Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Stock Type: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Product: Stock Type: Area: Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 View History; U ...

405

Crystal of GTP Cyclohydrolase Type IB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This invention relates to a novel, bacterial GTP Cyclohydrolase Type IB enzyme, and the crystal structure thereof.

Swairjo, Manal A.; Iwata-Reuyl, Dirk; de Crecy-Lagard, Valerie

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

406

Lighting Type at Home and at Work  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Information on what types of lights are used at home and at work (data from 1995 CBECS and 1993 RECS).

Information Center

1998-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

407

Search by Fuel or Vehicle Type  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Type Select Year... 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000...

408

Filter type rotor for multistation photometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A filter type rotor for a multistation photometer is provided. The rotor design combines the principle of cross-flow filtration with centrifugal sedimentation so that these occur simultaneously as a first stage of processing for suspension type fluids in an analytical type instrument. The rotor is particularly useful in whole-blood analysis.

Shumate, II, Starling E. (Knoxville, TN)

1977-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

409

Faking it Simulating dependent types in Haskell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dependent types reflect the fact that validity of data is often a relative notion by allowing prior data to affect the types of subsequent data. Not only does this make for a precise type system, but also a highly generic one: both ...

Conor McBride

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 July 29, 2012 - 7:58pm Addthis New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 What does this mean for me? Starting in 2012, lightbulbs are required to use 25% less energy. You have several energy-efficient options to choose from, which are already available in stores. The new lighting standards could save U.S. households nearly $6 billion dollars in 2015 alone. Beginning in 2012, common lightbulbs sold in the United States will typically use about 25%-80% less energy. Many bulbs meet these new standards, including energy-saving incandescents, CFLs, and LEDs, and are already available for purchase. The newer bulbs provide a wide range of choices in color and brightness, and many of them last much longer than

411

New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 July 29, 2012 - 7:58pm Addthis New Lighting Standards Begin in 2012 What does this mean for me? Starting in 2012, lightbulbs are required to use 25% less energy. You have several energy-efficient options to choose from, which are already available in stores. The new lighting standards could save U.S. households nearly $6 billion dollars in 2015 alone. Beginning in 2012, common lightbulbs sold in the United States will typically use about 25%-80% less energy. Many bulbs meet these new standards, including energy-saving incandescents, CFLs, and LEDs, and are already available for purchase. The newer bulbs provide a wide range of choices in color and brightness, and many of them last much longer than

412

Choosing Energy-Saving Lighting Products Saves You Money | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Choosing Energy-Saving Lighting Products Saves You Money Choosing Energy-Saving Lighting Products Saves You Money Choosing Energy-Saving Lighting Products Saves You Money May 30, 2012 - 11:58am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy If you've been to a home improvement store lately, you've probably noticed more and more energy-saving light bulbs available on the shelves. Traditional incandescent light bulbs give off about 90% of the energy they use in the form of heat, and only 10% as light, making them a major money-waster compared to better lighting options that are currently available. Lighting homes and businesses with more efficient products is one of the easiest ways to reduce America's reliance on fossil fuels and save money. Those savings can really add up: You may be paying $6 each year to light a

413

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NV-TRIBE-PYRAMID LAKE PAIUTE TRIBE NV-TRIBE-PYRAMID LAKE PAIUTE TRIBE Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Location: Tribe NV-TRIBE- PYRAMID LAKE PAIUTE TRIBE NV American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe proposes to utilize grant funds to purchase compact fluorescent light bulbs for residents of the Tribe and replace incandescent light bulbs to save energy; purchase water heater blankets for tribal homes; and hire a technician to administer installation of these retrofits. Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1 *-For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, see Subpart D of 10 CFR10 21 This action would not: threaten a violation of applicable statutory, regulatory, or permit requirements for environment, safety, and health,

414

Choosing Energy-Saving Lighting Products Saves You Money | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Choosing Energy-Saving Lighting Products Saves You Money Choosing Energy-Saving Lighting Products Saves You Money Choosing Energy-Saving Lighting Products Saves You Money May 30, 2012 - 11:58am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy If you've been to a home improvement store lately, you've probably noticed more and more energy-saving light bulbs available on the shelves. Traditional incandescent light bulbs give off about 90% of the energy they use in the form of heat, and only 10% as light, making them a major money-waster compared to better lighting options that are currently available. Lighting homes and businesses with more efficient products is one of the easiest ways to reduce America's reliance on fossil fuels and save money. Those savings can really add up: You may be paying $6 each year to light a

415

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

@ @ Submit by E-mail , ~' . U.S. Department of Energy ., . I · " Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Proposed Action Title: Building light retrofits/upgrade Program or Field Office: EERE RW EECBG Location(s) (City/County/State): Rancho Santa Margarita, CA Proposed Action Description: Upgrade incandescent bulbs to LED bulbs at City Hall and Community Center. Categorical Exclusion(sl Applied: B5.1 * Actions to conserve energy or water For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, including the full text of each categorical exclusion, see Subpart D of 10 CFR Part 1021 . Regulatory Requirements in 10 CFR 1021.41 O(b): (See full text in regulation) [ZJrhe proposal fits within a class of

416

CX-004042: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

42: Categorical Exclusion Determination 42: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004042: Categorical Exclusion Determination Nevada-Tribe-Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 10/01/2010 Location(s): Nevada Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe proposes to utilize grant funds to purchase compact fluorescent light bulbs for residents of the Tribe and replace incandescent light bulbs to save energy; purchase water heater blankets for tribal homes; and hire a technician to administer installation of these retrofits. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-004042.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-004375: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004822: Categorical Exclusion Determination

417

CX-000133: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

33: Categorical Exclusion Determination 33: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000133: Categorical Exclusion Determination Circle Native Community Energy Efficiency Retrofits CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1, A1 Date: 12/18/2009 Location(s): Circle, Alaska Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. The proposed action would involve providing lighting retrofits for as many residences and community facilities as the funding permits. Residences for the retrofits will be selected based on need. Incandescent bulbs would be replaced with compact fluorescent bulbs. Power consumption would be reduced. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-000133.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-000137: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000136: Categorical Exclusion Determination

418

Design and Predictive Control of a Net Zero Energy Home  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyzes two methods to reduce residential energy consumption for a Net Zero home in Austin, Texas. The first method seeks to develop a control algorithm that actively engages environmental conditioning. The home must preserve user-defined comfort while minimizing energy consumption. An optimization function governed by user input chooses the degree to which various comfort-defining systems are active, optimizing comfort while maintaining minimal energy usage. These systems include a geothermal heat pump and ceiling fans to effect convection, humidity, and dry bulb temperature. The second method reflects an analysis towards augmenting traditional home systems with modern and efficient counterparts. Electrochromic glass is used to attenuate heat transfer from outside the home envelope. A thermal chimney passively removes heat from the home while increasing convection. Replacing conventional incandescent bulbs with compact fluorescent and LED illumination reduces lighting energy waste.

Morelli, F.; Abbarno, N.; Boese, E.; Bullock, J.; Carter, B.; Edwards, R.; Lapite, O.; Mann, D.; Mulvihill, C.; Purcell, E.; Stein, M. IV; Rasmussen, B. P.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Types of Commissioning | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Commissioning Types of Commissioning Types of Commissioning October 7, 2013 - 9:17am Addthis Several commissioning types exist to address the specific needs of equipment and systems across both new and existing buildings. The following commissioning types provide a good overview. New Building Commissioning New building commissioning happens during the design and construction of new facilities. The process ensures that systems and equipment in new buildings operate properly. This is done through design reviews, functional testing, system documentation, and operator training. Federal agencies should consider new building commissioning when building new facilities or undergoing major facility renovations. The process is best implemented through all phases of construction.

420

Property:Water Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Water Type Property Type String Pages using the property "Water Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + Freshwater + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + Freshwater + A Alden Large Flume + Freshwater + Alden Small Flume + Freshwater + Alden Tow Tank + Freshwater + Alden Wave Basin + Freshwater + B Breakwater Research Facility + Freshwater + Bucknell Hydraulic Flume + Freshwater + C Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + Freshwater +

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Property:Incentive/Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Incentive/Type Property Type Page Description Incentive Type. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: I Filter:Incentives By Type Pages using the property "Incentive/Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2003 Climate Change Fuel Cell Buy-Down Program (Federal) + Federal Grant Program + 3 30% Business Tax Credit for Solar (Vermont) + Corporate Tax Credit + 4 401 Certification (Vermont) + Environmental Regulations + A AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) + Utility Rebate Program + AEP (Central and North) - Residential Energy Efficiency Programs (Texas) + Utility Rebate Program + AEP (Central and SWEPCO) - Coolsaver A/C Tune Up (Texas) + Utility Rebate Program +

422

Property:Document type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Document type Document type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Document type Property Type String Description The type of document as a string. This property is used by a variety of concepts including Reference Materials and may contain document types appropriate for multiple concepts. Allows Values Book;Book Review;Book Section;Conference Paper;Conference Proceedings;General;Info Graphic/Map/Chart;Journal Article;Legal;Memorandum;Periodical;Personal Communication;Poster;Report;Thesis/Dissertation;Web Site Pages using the property "Document type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth + Journal Article + 2.8-Ma Ash-Flow Caldera At Chegem River In The Northern Caucasus Mountains (Russia), Contemporaneous Granites, And Associated Ore Deposits + Journal Article +

423

Property Types, Definitions, and Use Detail  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Types, Definitions, and Use Details Types, Definitions, and Use Details The property types listed on pages 1 through 7 are eligible to receive the 1-100 ENERGY STAR score. The Use Details marked with an asterisk are required in order to receive a score. Portfolio Manager now contains more than 80 property types to choose from when setting up your property, in order to best identify the primary use of your property. Although the building types for which the 1-100 ENERGY STAR score is currently available will not change, the expanded list of property types that can be selected will offer users more specific and accurate categorization for comparison. See below for the full list of property types available in Portfolio Manager, along with their definitions and the property use details that you will need to enter.

424

n-Linear Algebra of type II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This book is a continuation of the book n-linear algebra of type I and its applications. Most of the properties that could not be derived or defined for n-linear algebra of type I is made possible in this new structure: n-linear algebra of type II which is introduced in this book. In case of n-linear algebra of type II we are in a position to define linear functionals which is one of the marked difference between the n-vector spaces of type I and II. However all the applications mentioned in n-linear algebras of type I can be appropriately extended to n-linear algebras of type II. Another use of n-linear algebra (n-vector spaces) of type II is that when this structure is used in coding theory we can have different types of codes built over different finite fields whereas this is not possible in the case of n-vector spaces of type I. Finally in the case of n-vector spaces of type II, we can obtain n-eigen values from distinct fields; hence, the n-characteristic polynomials formed in them are in distinct different fields. An attractive feature of this book is that the authors have suggested 120 problems for the reader to pursue in order to understand this new notion. This book has three chapters. In the first chapter the notion of n-vector spaces of type II are introduced. This chapter gives over 50 theorems. Chapter two introduces the notion of n-inner product vector spaces of type II, n-bilinear forms and n-linear functionals. The final chapter suggests over a hundred problems. It is important that the reader is well-versed not only with linear algebra but also n-linear algebra of type I.

W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Scaling Up: Kilolumen Solid-State Lighting Exceeding 100 LPW via Remote Phosphor  

SciTech Connect

This thirty-month project was successful in attaining its ambitious objectives of demonstrating a radically novel 'remote-phosphor' LED light source that can out-perform conventional conformal coated phosphor LED sources. Numerous technical challenges were met with innovative techniques and optical configurations. This product development program for a new generation of solid-state light sources has attained unprecedented luminosity (over 1 kilo-lumen) and efficacy (based on the criterion lumens per 100mw radiant blue). LPI has successfully demonstrated its proprietary technology for optical synthesis of large uniform sources out of the light output of an array of separated LEDs. Numerous multiple blue LEDs illuminate single a phosphor patch. By separating the LEDs from the phosphor, the phosphor and LEDs operate cooler and with higher efficiency over a wide range of operating conditions (from startup to steady state). Other benefits of the system include: better source uniformity, more types of phosphor can be used (chemical interaction and high temperatures are no longer an issue), and the phosphor can be made up from a pre-manufactured sheet (thereby lowering cost and complexity of phosphor deposition). Several laboratory prototypes were built and operated at the expected high performance level. The project fully explored two types of remote phosphor system: transmissive and reflective. The first was found to be well suited for a replacement for A19 type incandescent bulbs, as it was able to replicate the beam pattern of a traditional filament bulb. The second type has the advantages that it is pre-collimate source that has an adjustable color temperature. The project was divided in two phases: Phase I explored a transmissive design and Phase II of the project developed reflective architectures. Additionally, in Phase II the design of a spherical emitting transmissive remote phosphor bulb was developed that is suitable for replacement of A19 and similar light bulbs. In Phase II several new reflective remote phosphor systems were developed and patents applied for. This research included the development of reflective systems in which the short-pass filter operated at a nominal incidence angle of 15{sup o}, a major advancement of this technology. Another goal of the project was to show that it is possible to align multiple optics to multiple LEDs (spaced apart for better thermal management) to within an accuracy in the z-direction of 10 microns or less. This goal was achieved. A further goal was to show it is possible to combine and homogenize the output from multiple LEDs without any flux loss or significant increase in etendue. This goal also was achieved. The following color-coded computer drawing of the Phase 2 reflective remote phosphor prototype gives an idea of the accuracy challenges encountered in such an assembly. The actual setup has less functional clarity due to the numerous items of auxiliary equipment involved. Not only did 10 degrees of freedoms alignment have to be supplied to the LEDs and component prisms as well, but there were also micro-titrating glue dispensers and vacuum hoses. The project also utilized a recently introduced high-index glass, available in small customized prisms. This prototype also embodies a significant advance in thin-film design, by which an unprecedented 98% single-pass efficiency was attained over a 30 degree range of incidence angle (Patents Pending). Such high efficiency is especially important since it applies to the blue light going to the phosphor and then again to the phosphor's light, so that the 'system' efficiency associated with short-pass filter was 95.5%. Other losses have to be kept equally small, towards which a new type of ultra-clear injection-moldable acrylic was discovered and used to make ultra-transparent CPC optics. Several transmissive remote phosphor prototypes were manufactured that could replace screw-in type incandescent bulbs. The CRI of the white light from these prototypes varied from 55 to 93. The system efficiency achieved was between 27 to 29.5

Waqidi Falicoff

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

Property:TypeOf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TypeOf TypeOf Jump to: navigation, search Property Name TypeOf Property Type Page Description Similar to Property:PartOf, this property identifies pages that represent a less specific concept or idea than the subject page. For example, CSP is a TypeOf Solar Power Generation. Pages using the property "TypeOf" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe Survey + Data Collection and Mapping + A Acoustic Logs + Well Log Techniques + Active Seismic Techniques + Seismic Techniques + Active Sensors + Remote Sensing Techniques + Aerial Photography + Passive Sensors + Aeromagnetic Survey + Magnetic Techniques + Airborne Electromagnetic Survey + Electromagnetic Techniques + Airborne Gravity Survey + Gravity Techniques + Analytical Modeling + Modeling Techniques +

427

Property:Geothermal/Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "Geothermal/Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4 UR Guest Ranch Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Pool and Spa + A Ace Development Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Aquaculture + Agua Calientes Trailer Park Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Space Heating + Alive Polarity's Murrietta Hot Spring Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Pool and Spa + Americulture Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Aquaculture + Aq Dryers Agricultural Drying Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Agricultural Drying + Aqua Caliente County Park Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility + Pool and Spa +

428

Candidate Biomarkers for Type 2 Diabetes - Available ...  

The current gold standard for diagnosing pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes is the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), which is used to determine ...

429

Appendix E National Type Evaluation Technical Committee ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... type evaluation criteria relating to the taking of tare ... scales) may semi automatically (pushbutton) take tare values ... automatic tare may be taken to ...

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

430

Decameter Type III-Like Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting from 1960s Type III-like bursts (Type III bursts with high drift rates) in a wide frequency range from 300 to 950MHz have been observed. These new bursts observed at certain frequency being compared to the usual Type III bursts at the same frequency show similar behaviour but feature frequency drift 2-6 times higher than the normal bursts. In this paper we report the first observations of Type III-like bursts in decameter range, carried out during summer campaigns 2002 - 2004 at UTR-2 radio telescope. The circular polarization of the bursts was measured by the radio telescope URAN-2 in 2004. The observed bursts are analyzed and compared with usual Type III bursts in the decameter range. From the analysis of over 1100 Type III-like bursts, their main parameters have been found. Characteristic feature of the observed bursts is similar to Type III-like bursts at other frequencies, i.e. measured drift rates (5-10 MHz/s) of this bursts are few times larger than that for usual Type III bursts, and their durations (1-2 s) are few times smaller than that for usual Type III bursts in this frequency band.

V. N. Melnik; A. A. Konovalenko; B. P. Rutkevych; H. O. Rucker; V. V. Dorovskyy; E. P. Abranin; A. Lecacheux; A. I. Brazhenko; A. A. Stanislavskyy

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

431

Massive Type II in Double Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide an extension of the recently constructed double field theory formulation of the low-energy limits of type II strings, in which the RR fields can depend simultaneously on the 10-dimensional space-time coordinates and linearly on the dual winding coordinates. For the special case that only the RR one-form of type IIA carries such a dependence, we obtain the massive deformation of type IIA supergravity due to Romans. For T-dual configurations we obtain a `massive' but non-covariant formulation of type IIB, in which the 10-dimensional diffeomorphism symmetry is deformed by the mass parameter.

Olaf Hohm; Seung Ki Kwak

2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

432

Turbulent Combustion in Type Ia Supernova Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the astrophysical modeling of type Ia supernova explosions and describe numerical methods to implement numerical simulations of these events. Some results of such simulations are discussed.

F. K. Roepke; W. Hillebrandt

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Control Types Characteristics of the most common lighting controls for offices and other public buildings are outlined below. Typical Lighting Control Applications...

434

Review Forensic DNA typing by capillary electrophoresis ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... for prime time in a forensic laboratory setting ... and typing methodologies, many forensic laboratories will likely ... http://www.fbi.gov/hq/lab/fsc/backissu ...

2004-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

435

Identify your property type | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

property type Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy...

436

GHZ-type and W-type entangled coherent states: generation and Bell-type inequality tests without photon counting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study GHZ-type and W-type three-mode entangled coherent states. Both the types of entangled coherent states violate Mermin's version of the Bell inequality with threshold photon detection (i.e., without photon counting). Such an experiment can be performed using linear optics elements and threshold detectors with significant Bell violations for GHZ-type entangled coherent states. However, to demonstrate Bell-type inequality violations for W-type entangled coherent states, additional nonlinear interactions are needed. We also propose an optical scheme to generate W-type entangled coherent states in free-traveling optical fields. The required resources for the generation are a single-photon source, a coherent state source, beam splitters, phase shifters, photodetectors, and Kerr nonlinearities. Our scheme does not necessarily require strong Kerr nonlinear interactions, i.e., weak nonlinearities can be used for the generation of the W-type entangled coherent states. Furthermore, it is also robust against inefficiencies of the single-photon source and the photon detectors.

Hyunseok Jeong; Nguyen Ba An

2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

437

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

438

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

439

Static typing for a faulty lambda calculus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A transient hardware fault occurs when an energetic particle strikes a transistor, causing it to change state. These faults do not cause permanent damage, but may result in incorrect program execution by altering signal transfers or stored values. ... Keywords: fault tolerance, lambda calculus, reliable computing, soft faults, transient hardware faults, type systems, typed intermediate languages

David Walker; Lester Mackey; Jay Ligatti; George A. Reis; David I. August

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A type system for recursive modules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There has been much work in recent years on extending ML with recursive modules. One of the most difficult problems in the development of such an extension is the double vision problem, which concerns the interaction of recursion and data abstraction. ... Keywords: abstract data types, modules, recursion, type systems

Derek Dreyer

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Information-flow types for homomorphic encryptions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a flexible information-flow type system for a range of encryption primitives, precisely reflecting their diverse functional and security features. Our rules enable encryption, blinding, homomorphic computation, and decryption, with selective ... Keywords: confidentiality, cryptography, integrity, non-interference, secure information flow, type systems

Cdric Fournet; Jrmy Planul; Tamara Rezk

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

The type discipline of behavioral separation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce the concept of behavioral separation as a general principle for disciplining interference in higher-order imperative concurrent programs, and present a type-based approach that systematically develops the concept in the context of an ML-like ... Keywords: behavioral types, concurrency, higher order programming, interference, separation

Lus Caires; Joo C. Seco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Office Buildings - Types of Office Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PDF Office Buildings PDF Office Buildings Types of Office Buildings | Energy Consumption | End-Use Equipment Although no one building type dominates the commercial buildings sector, office buildings are the most common and account for more than 800,000 buildings or 17 percent of total commercial buildings. Offices comprised more than 12 billion square feet of floorspace, 17 percent of total commercial floorspace, the most of any building type. Types of Office Buildings The 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables present data for office buildings along with other principal building activities (see Detailed Tables B13 and B14, for example). Since office buildings comprise a wide range of office-related activities, survey respondents were presented with a follow-up list of specific office types to choose from. Although we have not presented the

444

CBECS Building Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CBECS Building Types CBECS Building Types Jump to: navigation, search The list below contains the Building Type classifications, also known as Principal Building Activity, established by the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) performed by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)[1]. Education Food Sales Food Service Health Care (Inpatient) Health Care (Outpatient) Lodging Mercantile (Enclosed and Strip Malls) Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Office Other Public Assembly Public Order and Safety Religious Worship Service Vacant Warehouse and Storage References ↑ EIA CBECS Building Types U.S. Energy Information Administration (Oct 2008) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=CBECS_Building_Types&oldid=270205" What links here Related changes

445

Property:DIA/Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DIA/Type DIA/Type Jump to: navigation, search Property Name DIA/Types Property Type String Description Development Impacts Assessment Toolkit property to help filter pages Used in Form/Template Tool Allows Values Case Studies;Online Tools;Reports;Spreadsheet;Software;Guidebook/Manual Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: E Energy Forecasting Framework and Emissions Consensus Tool (EFFECT) Pages using the property "DIA/Type" Showing 15 pages using this property. A Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles Pilot Program Emissions Benefit Tool + Online Tools + Applied Dynamic Analysis of the Global Economy (ADAGE) Model + Software + C COMMUTER Model + Spreadsheet + E E3MG + Software + Electricity Markets Analysis (EMA) Model + Software +

446

Property:CompanyType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CompanyType CompanyType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name CompanyType Property Type String Description Describes whether the company is for profit or non profit. Allows Values For Profit;For profit;Non Profit;Non profit Subproperties This property has the following 4 subproperties: A Able Energy Co. C Canary Investments Ltd. H Hyperion Green Energy India Pvt. Ltd. P PowerIt Renewable Energy Pvt Ltd Pages using the property "CompanyType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 4 4C Offshore Limited + For Profit + A AEE Renewables + For Profit + ALDACOR INC + For Profit + Ads-tec GmbH + For Profit + Advanced Energy Solutions + For Profit + All Solar, Inc. + For Profit + B Buffalo Software + For Profit + C Community Energy Inc + For Profit +

447

Job Types | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Types | National Nuclear Security Administration Types | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Job Types Home > Federal Employment > Our Jobs > Job Types Job Types NNSA's workforce is comprised of a diverse and dynamic blend of individuals. We are a staff of top-performing program and technical experts with unbounded potential, a dedication to public service and a commitment

448

Types of Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Lighting Types of Lighting Types of Lighting October 17, 2013 - 5:36pm Addthis When it comes to lighting options, you have a number of choices. | Photo courtesy of Clean Energy Resource Teams. When it comes to lighting options, you have a number of choices. | Photo courtesy of Clean Energy Resource Teams. You have several options to consider when selecting what type of lighting you should use in your home. When selecting energy-efficient lighting, it's a good idea to understand basic lighting terms and principles. Also, it helps to explore your lighting design options if you haven't already. This will help narrow your selection. Types of lighting include: Fluorescent

449

Theoretical cosmic Type Ia supernova rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this work is the computation of the cosmic Type Ia supernova rates at very high redshifts (z>2). We adopt various progenitor models in order to predict the number of explosions in different scenarios for galaxy formation and to check whether it is possible to select the best delay time distribution model, on the basis of the available observations of Type Ia supernovae. We also computed the Type Ia supernova rate in typical elliptical galaxies of different initial luminous masses and the total amount of iron produced by Type Ia supernovae in each case. It emerges that: it is not easy to select the best delay time distribution scenario from the observational data and this is because the cosmic star formation rate dominates over the distribution function of the delay times; the monolithic collapse scenario predicts an increasing trend of the SN Ia rate at high redshifts whereas the predicted rate in the hierarchical scheme drops dramatically at high redshift; for the elliptical galaxies we note that the predicted maximum of the Type Ia supernova rate depends on the initial galactic mass. The maximum occurs earlier (at about 0.3 Gyr) in the most massive ellipticals, as a consequence of downsizing in star formation. We find that different delay time distributions predict different relations between the Type Ia supernova rate per unit mass at the present time and the color of the parent galaxies and that bluer ellipticals present higher supernova Type Ia rates at the present time.

R. Valiante; F. Matteucci; S. Recchi; F. Calura

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

Energy Sources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2013 9, 2013 Students from the University of Maryland's Designing a Sustainable World course, a class based on the Energy Department's Energy 101 Course Framework, present their end-of-year design projects. | Photo courtesy of the University of Maryland. Class Is Now in Session: Energy 101 This week, energy.gov is going back to school. Our first stop: a look at how the Energy Department's Energy 101 Course Framework is helping colleges and universities offer energy-related classes. July 11, 2013 Department of Energy Releases New Report on Energy Sector Vulnerablities Report Details Effects of Climate Change and Extreme Weather on Nation's Critical Energy Infrastructure and Supply June 21, 2013 Did you know: Incandescent light bulbs only convert about 10 percent of the energy they consume into light and the rest is released as heat. The Energy Department's Energy Bike demonstrates the physical effort it takes to power incandescent, compact fluorescent and LED light bulbs. Students from Churchill Road Elementary School in Virginia recently pedaled for power at their Earth Day assembly, learning firsthand about energy efficiency. | Photo courtesy of the Energy Department.

451

Science Education | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 19, 2013 August 19, 2013 Students from the University of Maryland's Designing a Sustainable World course, a class based on the Energy Department's Energy 101 Course Framework, present their end-of-year design projects. | Photo courtesy of the University of Maryland. Class Is Now in Session: Energy 101 This week, energy.gov is going back to school. Our first stop: a look at how the Energy Department's Energy 101 Course Framework is helping colleges and universities offer energy-related classes. July 3, 2013 The Solar Classroom Lesson Plan Summer activities for parents, teachers and kids to expand their solar energy knowledge. June 21, 2013 Did you know: Incandescent light bulbs only convert about 10 percent of the energy they consume into light and the rest is released as heat. The Energy Department's Energy Bike demonstrates the physical effort it takes to power incandescent, compact fluorescent and LED light bulbs. Students from Churchill Road Elementary School in Virginia recently pedaled for power at their Earth Day assembly, learning firsthand about energy efficiency. | Photo courtesy of the Energy Department.

452

Membrane-Associated Methane Monooygenase from Type X and Type I Methanotrophs  

SciTech Connect

Membrane-Associated Methane Monooxygenases from Type X and Type I Methanotrophs A.A. DiSirito and W.E. Antholine Project Number: DE-FG02-00ER15446 Final project report.

Antholine, William E.; DiSpirito, Alan A.

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

453

On Type II Strings in Two Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider type IIA/B strings in two-dimensions and their projection with respect to the nilpotent space-time supercharge. Based on the ground ring structure, we propose a duality between perturbed type II strings and the topological B-model on deformed Calabi-Yau singularities. Depending on the type II spectra, one has either the conifold or the suspended pinch point geometry. Using the corresponding quiver gauge theory, obtained by D-branes wrapping in the resolved suspended pinch point geometry, we propose the all orders perturbative partition function.

Harald Ita; Harald Nieder; Yaron Oz

2005-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

454

Bianchi Type IX M-Branes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new M2 and M5 brane solutions in M-theory based on transverse self-dual Bianchi type IX space. All the other recently M2 and M5 branes constructed on transverse self-dual Taub-NUT, Egughi-Hanson and Atiyah-Hitchin spaces are special cases of this solution. The solution provides a smooth transition from Eguchi-Hanson type I based M branes to corresponding branes based on Eguchi-Hanson type II space. All the solutions can be reduced down to ten dimensional fully localized intersecting brane configurations.

A. M. Ghezelbash

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

455

Prospective Type Ia supernova surveys from Dome A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prospective Type Ia Supernova Surveys From Dome A A. Kim a ,are conducive toward Type Ia supernova surveys forheterogeneities within the Type Ia supernova class, reducing

Kim, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Category:NEPA Environmental Analysis Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Environmental Analysis Types Jump to: navigation, search Category:NEPA Environmental Analysis Types Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the NEPA Environmental Analysis Types page? For...

457

Property:Available Personnel Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Personnel Types Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Available Personnel Types Property Type Text Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleProperty:AvailablePer...

458

Category:Financial Incentives Incentive Types | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Financial Incentives Incentive Types Jump to: navigation, search Financial Incentive Types. Pages in category "Financial Incentives Incentive Types" The following 14 pages are in...

459

Category:CBECS Building Types | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CBECS Building Types Jump to: navigation, search This category uses the form CBECS Building Type. Pages in category "CBECS Building Types" The following 16 pages are in this...

460

Property:FacilityType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FacilityType FacilityType Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "FacilityType" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3-D Metals + Small Scale Wind + A AB Tehachapi Wind Farm + Commercial Scale Wind + AFCEE MMR Turbines + Commercial Scale Wind + AG Land 1 + Community Wind + AG Land 2 + Community Wind + AG Land 3 + Community Wind + AG Land 4 + Community Wind + AG Land 5 + Community Wind + AG Land 6 + Community Wind + AV Solar Ranch I Solar Power Plant + Photovoltaics + AVTEC + Small Scale Wind + Acme Landfill Biomass Facility + Landfill Gas + Adair Wind Farm I + Commercial Scale Wind + Adair Wind Farm II + Commercial Scale Wind + Adams Wind Project + Commercial Scale Wind + Adrian Energy Associates LLC Biomass Facility + Landfill Gas +

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Lighting Control Types | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Control Types Lighting Control Types Lighting Control Types October 7, 2013 - 11:27am Addthis Characteristics of the most common lighting controls for offices and other public buildings are outlined below. Also provided is a portable document format version of How to Select Lighting Controls for Offices and Public Buildings. Typical Lighting Control Applications Type of Control Private Office Open Office - Daylit Open Office - Interior Occupancy Sensors ++ ++ ++ Time Scheduling + ++ ++ Daylight Dimming ++ ++ 0 Bi-Level Switching ++ + + Demand Lighting + ++ ++ ++ = good savings potential + = some savings potential 0 = not applicable Back to Top Occupancy Sensors Occupancy sensors are the most common lighting control used in buildings today. Two technologies dominate: infrared and ultrasonic. Infrared sensors

462

Why Sequence Type I and II Methanotrophs?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Type I and II Methanotrophs? Type I and II Methanotrophs? Methanotrophic bacteria are absolutely vital for the global carbon cycle and to carbon sequestration, as they constitute the largest known biological methane sink. Methanotrophs are also central to the bioremediation and biofuel development goals of the DOE. To date, only two methanotrophic bacteria have undergone complete genome sequencing, and only one sequence is available to the public. Methanotrophs are distinguished from other microorganisms by their ability to utilize methane as a sole carbon and energy source, yet they are physiologically and phylogenetically diverse, affiliating with both Gammaproteobacteria (type I methanotrophs) and Alphaproteobacteria (type II methanotrophs). Methanotrophs are ubiquitous and play a major role in the

463

Property:Technology Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Type Technology Type Property Type Text Pages using the property "Technology Type" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Technologies/14 MW OTECPOWER + OTEC - Closed Cycle MHK Technologies/Aegir Dynamo + Point Absorber - Floating MHK Technologies/Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine + Oscillating Wave Surge Converter MHK Technologies/AquaBuoy + Point Absorber MHK Technologies/Aquanator + Cross Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Aquantis + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Archimedes Wave Swing + Point Absorber MHK Technologies/Atlantis AN 150 + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Atlantis AR 1000 + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Atlantis AS 400 + Axial Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/Atlantisstrom + Cross Flow Turbine MHK Technologies/BOLT Lifesaver + Oscillating Wave Surge Converter

464

Markov's Principle for Propositional Type Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we show how to extend a constructive type theory with a principle that captures the spirit of Markov's principle from constructive recursive mathematics. Markov's principle is especially useful for proving termination of specific computations. ...

Alexei Kopylov; Aleksey Nogin

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Appendix A National Type Evaluation Technical Committee ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... deemed necessary to evaluate a belt profiling feature in ... a 10:1 ratio based on the size, loading and speed ... Similar or the same type of load cell or ...

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

466

Simultaneous Occurrence of Different Cloud Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud observations from land stations and from ships in the ocean are used to investigate the frequency of observation and the co-occurrence of different cloud types, and the geographical and seasonal variations of these co-occurrences. Ground-...

Stephen G. Warren; Carole J. Hahn; Julius London

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Radiative Effects of Cloud-Type Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiative flux changes induced by the occurrence of different cloud types are investigated using International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project cloud data and a refined radiative transfer model from National Aeronautics and Space ...

Ting Chen; William B. Rossow; Yuanchong Zhang

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Contractor: Contract Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Number: Contract Type: Total Estimated Contract Cost: Performance Period Total Fee Earned FY2008 2,550,203 FY2009 39,646,446 FY2010 64,874,187 FY2011 66,253,207 FY2012...

469

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 All-Electric Conversion of the USPS Long Life Vehicle (LLV) Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion Pack Locations: Underbody (inboard of frame rails) Nominal System Voltage:...

470

Estimating Cloud Type from Pyranometer Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the authors evaluate an inexpensive and automatable method to estimate cloud type at a given location during daylight hours using the time series of irradiance from a pyranometer. The motivation for this investigation is to provide ...

Claude E. Duchon; Mark S. OMalley

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

User Participation, Management Support and System Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores user participation in the systems development process and examines this variable in relation to the type of system under development. Prior user participation research has not shown conclusive support for its impact on system success. ...

Edward J. Garrity

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Types of Insulation | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Insulation Types of Insulation May 30, 2012 - 11:43am Addthis In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes...

473

Property:Study Type | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Type Type Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. Pages using the property "Study Type" Showing 22 pages using this property. D Distributed Generation Study/10 West 66th Street Corp + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/615 kW Waukesha Packaged System + Laboratory Test + Distributed Generation Study/Aisin Seiki G60 at Hooligans Bar and Grille + Field Test + Distributed Generation Study/Arrow Linen + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Dakota Station (Minnegasco) + Case Study + Distributed Generation Study/Elgin Community College + Case Study + Distributed Generation Study/Emerling Farm + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Floyd Bennett + Long-term Monitoring + Distributed Generation Study/Harbec Plastics + Long-term Monitoring +

474

Algebraic Characterizations of Flow-Network Typings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A flow network N is a capacited finite directed graph, with multiple input ports/arcs and multiple output ports/arcs. A flow f in N assigns a non-negative real number to every arc and is feasible if it satisfies flow conservation at every node and respects lower-bound/upper-bound capacities at every arc. We develop an algebraic theory of feasible flows in such networks with several beneficial consequences. We define algorithms to infer, from a given flow network N, an algebraic classification, which we call a typing for N, of all assignments f0 of values to the input and output arcs of N that can be extended to a feasible flow f. We then establish necessary and sufficient conditions on an arbitrary typing T guaranteeing that T is a valid typing for some flow network N. Based on these necessary and sufficient conditions, we define operations on typings that preserve their validity (to be typings for flow networks), and examine the implications for a typing theory of flow networks.

Assaf Kfoury

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

What type of vehicle do people drive? The role of attitude and lifestyle in influencing vehicle type choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on revealed and stated vehicle type choice and utilizationA disaggregate model of auto-type choice. Transportationforecasting automobile type-choice. Transportation Research

Choo, Sangho; Mokhtarian, Patricia L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

What type of vehicle do people drive? The role of attitude and lifestyle in influencing vehicle type choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Relationship of Vehicle Type Choice to Personality,on revealed and stated vehicle type choice and utilizationA disaggregate model of auto-type choice. Transportation

Choo, S; Mokhtarian, Patricia L

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Twisted Dedekind Type Sums Associated with Barnes' Type Multiple Frobenius-Euler l-Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to construct new Dedekind type sums. We construct generating functions of Barnes' type multiple Frobenius-Euler numbers and polynomials. By applying Mellin transformation to these functions, we define Barnes' type multiple l-functions, which interpolate Frobenius-Euler numbers at negative integers. By using generalizations of the Frobenius-Euler functions, we define generalized Dedekind type sums and prove corresponding reciprocity law. We also give twisted versions of the Frobenius-Euler polynomials and new Dedekind type sums and corresponding reciprocity law. Furthermore, by using p-adic q-Volkenborn integral and twisted (h,q)-Bernoulli functions, we construct p-adic (h,q)-higher order Dedekind type sums. By using relation between Bernoulli and Frobenius-Euler functions, we also define analogues of Hardy-Berndt type sums. We give some new relations related to to these sums as well.

Mehmet Cenkci; Yilmaz Simsek; Mumun Can; Veli Kurt

2007-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

478

Property:File/MimeType | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MimeType Jump to: navigation, search Property Name FileMimeType Property Type String Description MIME Type of the original file. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

479

Farmers Electric Cooperative (Kalona) - Residential Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Farmers Electric Cooperative (Kalona) - Residential Energy Farmers Electric Cooperative (Kalona) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Farmers Electric Cooperative (Kalona) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Geothermal Heat Pumps: 5 ton CFL Bulbs: 12 bulbs per year Program Info State Iowa Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount CFL Bulbs: $2/bulb Geothermal Heat Pumps (New Construction): $350/ton Geothermal Heat Pumps (Upgrade): $700/ton Air Source Heat Pumps (New Construction): $800 Air Source Heat Pumps (Upgrade): $400 Central Air Conditioners: $100 - $200 Heat Pump Water Heaters: $400

480

MEMORANDUM TO: FILE TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TYPE OF OPERATION TYPE OF OPERATION _--__---~~--~---~ a Research & Development cl Facility Type 0 Production scale testing 0 Pilot Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies a Sample SC Analysis 0 Hanuf actuiing 0 University a Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility 0 Other ~---~~--_--_~-___--~ 0 Production 0 Disposal/Storage IYPLPEs!b!Iw!EI 0 Prime a 0 Subcontract& Other information (i.e., cost + fixed fee. unit price, *! Purchase Order time & material, qtc) _------ -------------42-----__--_---- ContFact/Purchase Order # ud IdlijL1\^IIJ ---------------------------- --------------------------------- OWNERSHIP: GOUT GOVT CONTRACTOR -CONTRACTOR awED LE_ASED OWNED ---------- ~-~LE!sEn LANDS BUILDINGS EQUIPMENT ORE OR RAW MATL 0 FINAL PRODUCT 0

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bulb type incandescent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Vehicle Specifications Battery Type: Li-Ion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Under hood above powertrain Under hood above powertrain Nominal System Voltage: 333 V Rated Capacity (C/3): 40 Ah Cooling Method: Glycol / Water mix Powertrain Motor Type: DC Brushless Number of Motors: One Motor Cooling Type: Glycol / Water mix Drive Wheels: Rear Wheel Drive Transmission: None (gear ratio only in rear axle) Charger Location: Underhood Charger Port: Driver's side, front quarter panel Type: Conductive (J1772 connector) Input Voltage(s): 120 or 240 VAC Chassis Aluminum Body on Steel Frame Rear Suspension: Solid Axle with Leaf Springs Front Suspension: Dual A-arm with Coil Springs Weights Design Curb Weight: 3250 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 3310 lbs 7 Distribution F/R: 55.2/44.8% GVWR: 4450 lbs Max Payload: 940 lbs + 200 lbs driver 1 Performance Goal Payload: 1000 lbs + 200 lbs driver

482

MEMORANDUM TO: FILE FROM: TYPE OF OPERATION  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

, , TYPE OF OPERATION ~_--_-----_---___ 69 Research & Development a Facility. Type 0 Production scale testing Cl Pilat Scale IK Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies u Sample & Analysis q Production 0 Disposal/Storage a Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Organization 0 Government Sponsored Facility 0 Other --------------__----- TYPE OF CONTRACT ---------------- 0 Prime 0 Other information (i.e., cost 0 Subcontractor + fixed fee, unit price, 5 Purchase Order ~SlvtM ay LuPo~l- time & material, r+c) _L-G~-~~~ ------GA------ Contract/Purchase Order # 3 I -? ciYl---------------------------- AZ. FG CONTRACTING PERIOD: --------__--_____- ----&-b&-f zw------ ______________ OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED AEC/MED OWE_3 LE_A_sEQ GOUT GOVT CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR

483

Carbon Monoxide in type II supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Infrared spectra of two type II supernovae 6 months after explosion are presented. The spectra exhibit a strong similarity to the observations of SN 1987A and other type II SNe at comparable epochs. The continuum can be fitted with a cool black body and the hydrogen lines have emissivities that are approximately those of a Case B recombination spectrum. The data extend far enough into the thermal region to detect emission by the first overtone of carbon monoxide. The molecular emission is modeled and compared with that in the spectra of SN 1987A. It is found that the flux in the CO first overtone is comparable to that found in SN 1987A. We argue that Carbon Monoxide forms in the ejecta of all type II SNe during the first year after explosion.

J. Spyromilio; B. Leibundgut; R. Gilmozzi

2001-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

484

Type II seesaw dominance in SO(10)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grand unified theories where the neutrino mass is given by type II seesaw have the potential to provide interesting connections between the neutrino and charged fermion sectors. We explore the possibility of having a dominant type II seesaw contribution in supersymmetric SO(10). We show that this can be achieved in the model where symmetry breaking is triggered by 54 and 45 dimensional representations, without the need for additional fields other than those already required to have a realistic charged fermion mass spectrum. Physical consequences, such as the implementation of the Bajc, Senjanovic, and Vissani mechanism, the possibility of the fields responsible for type II seesaw dominance being messengers of supersymmetry breaking, and the realization of baryo and leptogenesis in these theories, are discussed.

Melfo, Alejandra; Ramirez, Alba [Centro de Fisica Fundamental, Universidad de Los Andes, Merida (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Senjanovic, Goran [International Centre for Theoretical Physics, 34100 Trieste (Italy)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

MULTIPLICITY AMONG F-TYPE STARS  

SciTech Connect

As part of a homogeneous all-sky volume-complete sample of half a thousand solar-type stars within 25 pc we present a census for the subset of the 150-mostly F-type stars-in the mass range 1.1 M{sub Sun} {<=} M {<=} 1.7 M{sub Sun} in terms of their observed multiplicities. The major obstacle, as expected, arises from the onset of stellar rotation in this mass range for it continues to support many hidden companions. Yet, a solid increase of the fraction of binary and higher level systems as a function of the primary mass is manifest. There is even the prospect that on account of many companion candidates the single-star fraction may already converge to zero at the transition to the A-type stars.

Fuhrmann, K.; Chini, R., E-mail: klaus@ing.iac.es [Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Universitaetsstrasse 150, D-44801 Bochum (Germany)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

Types of Insulation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Insulation Types of Insulation Types of Insulation May 30, 2012 - 11:43am Addthis In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes drilled (usually) on the exterior of the house. After the installation, the holes are plugged and finish materials replaced. | Photo courtesy of Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association. In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes drilled (usually) on the exterior of the house. After the installation, the holes are plugged and finish materials replaced. | Photo courtesy of Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association. Icynene plastic insulation blown into the walls of a home near Denver. Icynene fills cracks and crevices and adheres to the framing. | Photo courtesy of Paul Norton, NREL.

487

Transformations of $W$-Type Entangled States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transformations of $W$-type entangled states by using local operations assisted with classical communication are investigated. For this purpose, a parametrization of the $W$-type states which remains invariant under local unitary transformations is proposed and a complete characterization of the local operations carried out by a single party is given. These are used for deriving the necessary and sufficient conditions for deterministic transformations. A convenient upper bound for the maximum probability of distillation of arbitrary target states is also found.

S. K?nta?; S. Turgut

2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

488

Water vapor retrieval over many surface types  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we present a study of of the water vapor retrieval for many natural surface types which would be valuable for multi-spectral instruments using the existing Continuum Interpolated Band Ratio (CIBR) for the 940 nm water vapor absorption feature. An atmospheric code (6S) and 562 spectra were used to compute the top of the atmosphere radiance near the 940 nm water vapor absorption feature in steps of 2.5 nm as a function of precipitable water (PW). We derive a novel technique called ``Atmospheric Pre-corrected Differential Absorption`` (APDA) and show that APDA performs better than the CIBR over many surface types.

Borel, C.C.; Clodius, W.C.; Johnson, J.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, Richard J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Fiber-type dosimeter with improved illuminator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single-piece, molded plastic, Cassigrainian-type condenser arrangement is incorporated in a tubular-shaped personal pocket dosimeter of the type which combines an ionization chamber with an optically-read fiber electrometer to provide improved illumination of the electrometer fiber. The condenser routes incoming light from one end of the dosimeter tubular housing around a central axis charging pin assembly and focuses the light at low angles to the axis so that it falls within the acceptance angle of the electrometer fiber objective lens viewed through an eyepiece lens disposed in the opposite end of the dosimeter. This results in improved fiber illumination and fiber image contrast.

Fox, R.J.

1985-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

491

Bell-type inequalities for arbitrary observables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive a Bell-type inequality for observables with arbitrary spectra. For the case of continuous variable systems we propose a possible experimental violation of this inequality, by using squeezed light and homodyne detection together with methods of quantum-state reconstruction. It is shown that the violation is also possible for realistic detection efficiencies.

E. Shchukin W. Vogel

2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

492

A Method to Determine Precipitation Types  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method to diagnose surface precipitation types is suggested. Most cases of freezing rain and ice pellets occur with a layer warmer than 0C extending above a surface-based layer of air colder than 0C. The procedure uses predictors proportional ...

Pierre Bourgouin

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Tailoring persuasive health games to gamer type  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Persuasive games are an effective approach for motivating health behavior, and recent years have seen an increase in games designed for changing human behaviors or attitudes. However, these games are limited in two major ways: first, they are not based ... Keywords: behavior theory, hbm, player typology, gamer types, games design, health, persuasive game, serious games

Rita Orji; Regan L. Mandryk; Julita Vassileva; Kathrin M. Gerling

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Types of Dialogue and Burdens of Proof  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Burden of proof has recently come to be a topic of interest in argumentation systems for artificial intelligence (Prakken and Sartor, 2006, 2007, 2009; Gordon and Walton, 2007, 2009), but so far the main work on the subject seems to be in that type of ...

Douglas Walton

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small Hotel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

496

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

497

James-Stein type estimators of variances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose James-Stein type estimators for variances raised to a fixed power by shrinking individual variance estimators towards the arithmetic mean. We derive and estimate the optimal choices of shrinkage parameters under both the squared ... Keywords: 62H12, Inadmissibility, Shrinkage estimation, Shrinkage parameter, Squared loss function, Stein loss function, Variance estimation

Tiejun Tong; Homin Jang; Yuedong Wang

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Rates and progenitors of type Ia supernovae  

SciTech Connect

The remarkable uniformity of Type Ia supernovae has allowed astronomers to use them as distance indicators to measure the properties and expansion history of the Universe. However, Type Ia supernovae exhibit intrinsic variation in both their spectra and observed brightness. The brightness variations have been approximately corrected by various methods, but there remain intrinsic variations that limit the statistical power of current and future observations of distant supernovae for cosmological purposes. There may be systematic effects in this residual variation that evolve with redshift and thus limit the cosmological power of SN Ia luminosity-distance experiments. To reduce these systematic uncertainties, we need a deeper understanding of the observed variations in Type Ia supernovae. Toward this end, the Nearby Supernova Factory has been designed to discover hundreds of Type Ia supernovae in a systematic and automated fashion and study them in detail. This project will observe these supernovae spectrophotometrically to provide the homogeneous high-quality data set necessary to improve the understanding and calibration of these vital cosmological yardsticks. From 1998 to 2003, in collaboration with the Near-Earth Asteroid Tracking group at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a systematic and automated searching program was conceived and executed using the computing facilities at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the National Energy Research Supercomputing Center. An automated search had never been attempted on this scale. A number of planned future large supernovae projects are predicated on the ability to find supernovae quickly, reliably, and efficiently in large datasets. A prototype run of the SNfactory search pipeline conducted from 2002 to 2003 discovered 83 SNe at a final rate of 12 SNe/month. A large, homogeneous search of this scale offers an excellent opportunity to measure the rate of Type Ia supernovae. This thesis presents a new method for analyzing the true sensitivity of a multi-epoch supernova search and finds a Type Ia supernova rate from z {approx} 0.01-0.1 of r{sub V} = 4.26{sub -1.93 -0.10}{sup +1.39 +0.10} h{sup 3} x 10{sup -4} SNe Ia/yr/Mpc{sup 3} from a preliminary analysis of a subsample of the SNfactory prototype search. Several unusual supernovae were found in the course of the SNfactory prototype search. One in particular, SN 2002ic, was the first SN Ia to exhibit convincing evidence for a circumstellar medium and offers valuable insight into the progenitors of Type Ia supernovae.

Wood-Vasey, William Michael

2004-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

499

Experiments on 2D Vortex Patterns in a Malmberg-Penning Trap with a Photocathode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into the solenoidal ¯eld. The vertical section attached to the end and led down to a large ion pump, which constraints: ² The light is provided by a halogen slide projector lamp, type EXW. The diameter of this bulb quality. An aperture with a diameter of 1 inch is also used to reduce aberration. Because the light bulb

California at Berkeley, University of

500

Federal Energy Management Program: Maintenance Types  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maintenance Types Maintenance Types Proper operations and maintenance (O&M) goes beyond repairing equipment after it breaks. Several maintenance strategies exist to prevent systems disrepair and degradation. A combination of the following can ensure an optimal blend of cost and life-cycle effectiveness: Reactive Maintenance: Follows a "run it until it breaks" strategy. No action or effort is taken to maintain equipment, prevent failure, or ensure life of the system - even if actions are suggested by the manufacturer. Preventive Maintenance: Refers to a series of actions performed on calendar time or machine run time schedules. Predictive Maintenance: Strives to detect the onset of equipment degradation and address the problems as they are identified. Several predictive maintenance technologies exist.