Sample records for building-level energy-related characteristics

  1. Occupancy Based Fault Detection on Building Level - a Feasibility Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuip, B.; Houten, M.; Trcka, M.; Hensen, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Occupancy based fault detection on building level ? a feasibility study B.G.C.C. Tuip BSc. dr.ir. M.A. v. Houten dr. Dipl.-Ing. M. Trcka prof.dr.ir. J.L.M. Hensen Unit Building Performance and Systems Eindhoven University of Technology...

  2. Energy-Related Carbon Emissions in Manufacturing

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy-related carbon emissions in manufacturing analysis and issues related to the energy use, energy efficiency, and carbon emission indicators.

  3. Thermodynamic laws beyond free energy relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteo Lostaglio; David Jennings; Terry Rudolph

    2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies have developed fundamental limitations on nanoscale thermodynamics, in terms of a set of independent free energy relations. Here we show that free energy relations cannot properly describe quantum coherence in thermodynamic processes. By casting time-asymmetry as a quantifiable, fundamental resource of a quantum state we arrive at an additional, independent set of thermodynamic laws, that naturally extend the existing ones. These asymmetry relations reveal that the traditional Szilard engine argument does not extend automatically to quantum coherences, but instead only relational coherences in a multipartite scenario can contribute to thermodynamic work. We find that coherence transformations are always irreversible. Our results also reveal additional structural parallels between thermodynamics and entanglement theory.

  4. Question of the Week: Do Energy-Related Financial Incentives...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Do Energy-Related Financial Incentives Prompt You to Be More Energy Efficient? Question of the Week: Do Energy-Related Financial Incentives Prompt You to Be More Energy Efficient?...

  5. Jointly Sponsored Research Program Energy Related Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Western Research Institute

    2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Cooperative Agreement, DE-FC26-98FT40323, Jointly Sponsored Research (JSR) Program at Western Research Institute (WRI) began in 1998. Over the course of the Program, a total of seventy-seven tasks were proposed utilizing a total of $23,202,579 in USDOE funds. Against this funding, cosponsors committed $26,557,649 in private funds to produce a program valued at $49,760,228. The goal of the Jointly Sponsored Research Program was to develop or assist in the development of innovative technology solutions that will: (1) Increase the production of United States energy resources - coal, natural gas, oil, and renewable energy resources; (2) Enhance the competitiveness of United States energy technologies in international markets and assist in technology transfer; (3) Reduce the nation's dependence on foreign energy supplies and strengthen both the United States and regional economies; and (4) Minimize environmental impacts of energy production and utilization. Under the JSR Program, energy-related tasks emphasized enhanced oil recovery, heavy oil upgrading and characterization, coal beneficiation and upgrading, coal combustion systems development including oxy-combustion, emissions monitoring and abatement, coal gasification technologies including gas clean-up and conditioning, hydrogen and liquid fuels production, coal-bed methane recovery, and the development of technologies for the utilization of renewable energy resources. Environmental-related activities emphasized cleaning contaminated soils and waters, processing of oily wastes, mitigating acid mine drainage, and demonstrating uses for solid waste from clean coal technologies, and other advanced coal-based systems. Technology enhancement activities included resource characterization studies, development of improved methods, monitors and sensors. In general the goals of the tasks proposed were to enhance competitiveness of U.S. technology, increase production of domestic resources, and reduce environmental impacts associated with energy production and utilization. This report summarizes the accomplishments of the JSR Program.

  6. Energy-related indoor environmental quality research: A priority agenda

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisk, W.J.; Brager, G.; Burge, H.; Cummings, J.; Levin, H.; Loftness, V.; Mendell, M.J.; Persily, A.; Taylor, S.; Zhang, J.S.

    2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multidisciplinary team of IEQ and energy researchers has defined a program of priority energy-related IEQ research. This paper describes the methods employed to develop the agenda, and 35 high priority research and development (R&D) project areas related to four broad goals: (1) identifying IEQ problems and opportunities; (2) developing and evaluating energy-efficient technologies for improving IEQ; (3) developing and evaluating energy-efficient practices for improving IEQ; and (4) encouraging or assisting the implementation of technologies or practices for improving IEQ. The identified R&D priorities reflect a strong need to benchmark IEQ conditions in small commercial buildings, schools, and residences. The R&D priorities also reflect the need to better understand how people are affected by IEQ conditions and by the related building characteristics and operation and maintenance practices. The associated research findings will provide a clearer definition of acceptable IEQ that is required to guide the development of technologies, practices, standards, and guidelines. Quantifying the effects of building characteristics and practices on IEQ conditions, in order to provide the basis for development of energy efficient and effective IEQ control measures, was also considered a priority. The development or advancement in a broad range of IEQ tools, technologies, and practices are also a major component of the priority research agenda. Consistent with the focus on ''energy-related'' research priorities, building ventilation and heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems and processes are very prominent in the agenda. Research related to moisture and microbiological problems, particularly within hot and humid climates, is also prominent within the agenda. The agenda tends to emphasize research on residences, small commercial buildings, and schools because these types of buildings have been underrepresented in prior research. Most of the research areas apply to both new construction and existing buildings. Nearly all of the recommended priority R&D project areas include tasks intended to facilitate the communication and implementation of the research results. In addition, the priority agenda includes several projects specifically designed to facilitate or stimulate the use of existing energy-efficient technologies and practices for improving IEQ. To assure that the research program continues to meet the needs of stakeholders and to facilitate the coordination of research among sponsors, the core team recommends an annual meeting attended by sponsors, a balanced group of stakeholders, and a selection of researchers implementing the agenda.

  7. Energy-related indoor environmental quality research: A priority agenda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LBNL - 51328 ENERGY-RELATED INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITYof Public Health Florida Solar Energy Center, Florida StateStandards, U.S. Department of Energy National Institute of

  8. Figure 3. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions" " (million metric tons)" ,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021,2022,2023,2024,2025,2026,2027,2028,...

  9. Technology diffusion of energy-related products in residential markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, L.J.; Bruneau, C.L.

    1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Acceptance of energy-related technologies by end residential consumers, manufacturers of energy-related products, and other influential intermediate markets such as builders will influence the potential for market penetration of innovative energy-related technologies developed by the Department of Energy, Office of Building and Community Systems (OBCS). In this report, Pacific Northwest Laboratory reviewed the available information on technology adoption, diffusion, and decision-making processes to provide OBCS with a background and understanding of the type of research that has previously been conducted on this topic. Insight was gained as to the potential decision-making criteria and motivating factors that influence the decision-maker(s) selection of new technologies, and some of the barriers to technology adoption faced by potential markets for OBCS technologies.

  10. Energy-related use conflicts for the Columbia River Estuary. Volume I. Text

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia, J.; Loehr, L.; Richter, K.; Ahlborn, G.; Westerlund, F.; Pratt, J.

    1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High, medium, and low probabilities of energy related development are projected for the Columbia River Estuary to river mile 93. Projections for five, fifteen, and twenty-five year planning horizons are aggregated, mapped, and described. The direct and indirect effects of projected energy-related development upon fish and wildlife in estuarine and riverine systems are summarized. Habitats affected by construction are identified, and operations of energy facility components causing impacts are characterized. Ecosystem models are developed for riverine, estuarine, channel, sandflat, mudflat, emergent vegetation, and riparian habitats to determine biological significance and pathways of projected impacts. Species accounts are furnished for 13 species and species groups that are of special concern. Cumulative impacts are integrated and described on a site-specific basis. Policy-making, planning, and regulatory processes relevant to the control of energy-related impacts in the Columbia River Estuary and lower river are outlined. Management and mitigation measures are discussed both for species of concern and for the types of energy facilities expected to be developed. This report has two volumes. Volume 1 provides a narrative description of projected energy development and describes the biological characteristics of fish and wildlife and their habitats, and gives a critique of potential environmental impacts, and measures of protection and mitigation.

  11. Housing characteristics 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report, Housing Characteristics 1993, presents statistics about the energy-related characteristics of US households. These data were collected in the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) -- the ninth in a series of nationwide energy consumption surveys conducted since 1978 by the Energy Information Administration of the US Department of Energy. Over 7 thousand households were surveyed, representing 97 million households nationwide. A second report, to be released in late 1995, will present statistics on residential energy consumption and expenditures.

  12. EIA - AEO2013 Early Release Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Energy-Related CO2 Emissions Total U.S. energy-related CO2 emissions do not return to their 2005 level (5,997 million metric tons) by the end of the AEO2013 projection period.6...

  13. Jointly Sponsored Research Program on Energy Related Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    No, author

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Cooperative Agreements, DE-FC26-08NT43293, DOE-WRI Cooperative Research and Development Program for Fossil Energy-Related Resources began in June 2009. The goal of the Program was to develop, commercialize, and deploy technologies of value to the nation’s fossil and renewable energy industries. To ensure relevancy and early commercialization, the involvement of an industrial partner was encouraged. In that regard, the Program stipulated that a minimum of 20% cost share be achieved in a fiscal year. This allowed WRI to carry a diverse portfolio of technologies and projects at various development technology readiness levels. Depending upon the maturity of the research concept and technology, cost share for a given task ranged from none to as high as 67% (two-thirds). Over the course of the Program, a total of twenty six tasks were proposed for DOE approval. Over the period of performance of the Cooperative agreement, WRI has put in place projects utilizing a total of $7,089,581 in USDOE funds. Against this funding, cosponsors have committed $7,398,476 in private funds to produce a program valued at $14,488,057. Tables 1 and 2 presented at the end of this section is a compilation of the funding for all the tasks conducted under the program. The goal of the Cooperative Research and Development Program for Fossil Energy-Related Resources was to through collaborative research with the industry, develop or assist in the development of innovative technology solutions that will: • Increase the production of United States energy resources – coal, natural gas, oil, and renewable energy resources; • Enhance the competitiveness of United States energy technologies in international markets and assist in technology transfer; • Reduce the nation's dependence on foreign energy supplies and strengthen both the United States and regional economies; and • Minimize environmental impacts of energy production and utilization. Success of the Program can be measured by several criteria. Using the deployment of the federal funding with industrial participation as a performance criterion, over the course of the program, the copsonsors contributed more dollars than the federal funds. As stated earlier, a little more than half of the funding for the Program was derived from industrial partners. The industrial partners also enthusiastically supported the research and development activities with cash contribution of $4,710,372.67, nearly 65% of the required cost share. Work on all of the tasks proposed under the Cooperative Agreement has been completed. This report summarizes and highlights the results from the Program. Under the Cooperative Agreement Program, energy-related tasks emphasized petroleum processing, upgrading and characterization, coal and biomass beneficiation and upgrading, coal combustion systems development including oxy-combustion, emissions monitoring and abatement, coal gasification technologies including gas clean-up and conditioning, hydrogen and liquid fuels production, and the development of technologies for the utilization of renewable energy resources. Environmental-related activities emphasized cleaning contaminated soils using microbial fuel cells, development of processes and sorbents for emissions reduction and recovery of water from power plant flue gas, and biological carbon capture and reuse. Technology enhancement activities included resource characterization studies, development of improved methods, monitors and sensors. In general the goals of the tasks proposed were to enhance competitiveness of U.S. technology, increase production of domestic resources, and reduce environmental impacts associated with energy production and utilization. Technologies being brought to commercialization as a result of the funds provided by the Cooperative Agreement contribute to the overall goals of the USDOE and the nation. Each has broad applicability both within the United States and abroad, thereby helping to enhance the competitiveness of U.S. energy technologies in international markets and assisting in technology t

  14. Used energy-related laboratory equipment grant program for institutions of higher learning. Eligible equipment catalog

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a listing of energy related equipment available through the Energy-Related Laboratory Equipment Grant Program which grants used equipment to institutions of higher education for energy-related research. Information included is an overview of the program, how to apply for a grant of equipment, eligibility requirements, types of equipment available, and the costs for the institution.

  15. Evaluation of the Energy-Related Inventions Program. Volume 1. Analysis of case studies of supported projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rorke, M.G.; Bronfman, L.M.; Soderstrom, E.J.

    1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume reports the analysis of the results of 30 case studies of grantees funded by the Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP). ERIP is one of several federal programs supporting invention and innovation in the private sector. It is a relatively small program with an annual budget of $5 to 6 million that focuses its attention on the independent inventor or small business with an energy-related invention. Support to the inventory or small business comes primarily in the form of a grant. The overall goal of the program is to stimulate innovation by individuals and small businesses and to assist in the development of promising energy-related inventions for eventual commercialization. This volume is an aggregation and synthesis of the data gathered in the case studies. (Volume 2 contains the case studies.) The case studies explore in-depth the characteristics, perceptions, and experiences of inventors and agency personnel who have participated in the ERIP. Thus they are a rich source of information for use in evaluating the process by which the program's goals and objectives are implemented and for evaluating the program;s usefulness in producing the results intended by the legislative mandate.

  16. Effects of atmospheric deposition of energy-related pollutants on water quality: a review and assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, M.J.

    1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects on surface-water quality of atmospheric pollutants that are generated during energy production are reviewed and evaluated. Atmospheric inputs from such sources to the aquatic environment may include trace elements, organic compounds, radionuclides, and acids. Combustion is the largest energy-related source of trace-element emissions to the atmosphere. This report reviews the nature of these emissions from coal-fired power plants and discusses their terrestrial and aquatic effects following deposition. Several simple models for lakes and streams are developed and are applied to assess the potential for adverse effects on surface-water quality of trace-element emissions from coal combustion. The probability of acute impacts on the aquatic environment appears to be low; however, more subtle, chronic effects are possible. The character of acid precipitation is reviewed, with emphasis on aquatic effects, and the nature of existing or potential effects on water quality, aquatic biota, and water supply is considered. The response of the aquatic environment to acid precipitation depends on the type of soils and bedrock in a watershed and the chemical characteristics of the water bodies in question. Methods for identifying regions sensitive to acid inputs are reviewed. The observed impact of acid precipitation ranges from no effects to elimination of fish populations. Coal-fired power plants and various stages of the nuclear fuel cycle release radionuclides to the atmosphere. Radioactive releases to the atmosphere from these sources and the possible aquatic effects of such releases are examined. For the nuclear fuel cycle, the major releases are from reactors and reprocessing. Although aquatic effects of atmospheric releases have not been fully quantified, there seems little reason for concern for man or aquatic biota.

  17. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Reference Manual (VolumeNational Greenhouse Gas Inventories: the Workbook (VolumeN ATIONAL L ABORATORY Inventory of China’s Energy-Related CO

  18. EIA - AEO2012 Early Release Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    of the CSAPR, which helps shift the fuel mix away from coal toward lower carbon fuels. Energy-related CO2 emissions reflect the mix of fossil fuels consumed. Given the high...

  19. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of unadjusted energy-related CO2 emissions is attributed toEMISSIONS- T C EMISSIONS -T CO2 TOTAL Energy EmissionsEMISSIONS- T C EMISSIONS -T CO2 Coal Coke and Other

  20. Commercial Buildings Characteristics, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992 presents statistics about the number, type, and size of commercial buildings in the United States as well as their energy-related characteristics. These data are collected in the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), a national survey of buildings in the commercial sector. The 1992 CBECS is the fifth in a series conducted since 1979 by the Energy Information Administration. Approximately 6,600 commercial buildings were surveyed, representing the characteristics and energy consumption of 4.8 million commercial buildings and 67.9 billion square feet of commercial floorspace nationwide. Overall, the amount of commercial floorspace in the United States increased an average of 2.4 percent annually between 1989 and 1992, while the number of commercial buildings increased an average of 2.0 percent annually.

  1. Energy-related applications of helium: a revision of the ERDA-13 data base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammel, E.F.; Krupka, M.C.

    1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A re-examination, revision, and re-evaluation of the data base contained within the 1975 document, ERDA-13, The Energy-Related Applications of Helium, were completed and results are presented in this report. New technical and resource data, current legislative proposals, updated supply-and-demand relationships, latest legal developments, programmatic changes affectng the future demand for helium, socio-economic aspects, and the effects of the latest energy-consumption projections were considered and are discussed. In contrast to ERDA-13, however, explicit recommendations with respect to the formulation of Federal helium policy, as it pertains to the energy-related applications of helium, are not given.

  2. A priority agenda for energy-related indoor environmental quality research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisk, W.J.; Brager, G.; Brook, M.; Burge, H.; Cole, J.; Cummings, J.; Levin, H.; Loftness, V.; Logee, T.; Mendell, M.J.; Persily, A.; Taylor, S.; Zhang, J.

    2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multidisciplinary team of IEQ and energy researchers is working together to define a program of priority energy-related IEQ research. This paper describes the methods employed, ten high priority broad research and development (R&D) goals, and 34 high priority R&D project areas linked to these goals.

  3. Energy related use conflicts for the Columbia River Estuary. Volume 1. Text. Volume 2. Atlas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia, J.; Loehr, L.; Richter, K.; Ahlborn, G.; Westerlund, F.

    1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High, medium, and low probabilities of energy related development are projected for the Columbia River Estuary to river mile 93. Projections for five, fifteen, and twenty-five year planning horizons are aggregated, mapped, and described. The direct and indirect effects of projected energy-related development upon fish and wildlife in estuarine and riverine systems are summarized. Habitats affected by construction are identified, and operations of energy facility components causing impacts are characterized. Ecosystem models are developed for riverine, estuarine, channel, sandflat, mudflat, emergent vegetation, and riparian habitats to determine biological significance and pathways of projected impacts. Species accounts are furnished for 13 species and species groups that are of special concern. Cumulative impacts are integrated and described on a site-specific basis.

  4. Environmental audit of the Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research (LEHR)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the results of the environmental audit conducted at the Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research, Environmental Restoration (LEHR-ER) Project at University of California-Davis (UCD), Davis, California. The scope of the audit at the LEHR-ER was comprehensive, addressing environmental activities in the technical areas of air; surface water/drinking water; groundwater and soils/sediment/biota; waste management; toxic and chemical materials; inactive waste sites; radiation; quality assurance; and environmental management. Specifically assessed was the compliance of LEHR-ER operations and activities with Federal, state, and local regulations; DOE Orders; and best management practices (BMPs).

  5. Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research (LEHR) University of California at Davis, California. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Annual Site Environmental Report for the Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research (LEHR) Site (the Site) includes 1996 environmental monitoring data for Site air, soil, ground water, surface water, storm water and ambient radiation. DOE operation of LEHR as a functioning research location ceased in 1989, after the completion of three decades of research on the health effects of low-level radiation exposure (primarily strontium-90 and radium-226), using beagles to simulate effects on human health. During 1996, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) conducted activities at the Site in support of Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) Environmental remediation and the decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) of Site buildings. Extensive environmental data were collected in 1996 to evaluate appropriate remedial actions for the Site.

  6. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina; Qin, Yining

    2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Although China became the world's largest emitter of energy-related CO{sub 2} emissions in 2007, China does not publish annual estimates of CO{sub 2} emissions and most published estimates of China's emissions have been done by other international organizations. Undertaken at the request of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the US Department of Energy, this study examines the feasibility of applying the EIA emissions inventory methodology to estimate China's emissions from published Chinese data. Besides serving as a proof of concept, this study also helps develop a consistent and transparent method for estimating China's CO{sub 2} emissions using an Excel model and identified China-specific data issues and areas for improvement. This study takes a core set of data from the energy balances published in the China Energy Statistical Yearbook 2009 and China Petrochemical Corporation Yearbook 2009 and applies the EIA's eight-step methodology to estimate China's 2008 CO{sub 2} emissions. First, China's primary and secondary fuel types and consumption by end use are determined with slight discrepancies identified between the two data sources and inconsistencies in product categorization with the EIA. Second, energy consumption data are adjusted to eliminate double counting in the four potential areas identified by EIA; consumption data from China's Special Administrative Regions are not included. Physical fuel units are then converted to energy equivalents using China's standard energy measure of coal equivalent (1 kilogram = 29.27 MJ) and IPCC carbon emissions coefficients are used to calculate each fuel's carbon content. Next, carbon sequestration is estimated following EIA conventions for other petroleum products and non-energy use of secondary fuels. Emissions from international bunker fuels are also subtracted under the 'reference' calculation of estimating apparent energy consumption by fuel type and the 'sectoral' calculation of summing emissions across end-use sectors. Adjustments for the China-specific conventions of reporting foreign bunkers and domestic bunkers fueling abroad are made following IPCC definitions of international bunkers and EIA reporting conventions, while the sequestration of carbon in carbon steel is included as an additional adjustment. Under the sectoral approach, fuel consumption of bunkers and other transformation losses as well as gasoline consumption are reallocated to conform to EIA sectoral reporting conventions. To the extent possible, this study relies on official energy data from primary sources. A limited number of secondary sources were consulted to provide insight into the nature of consumption of some products and to guide the analysis of carbon sequestered in steel. Beyond these, however, the study avoided trying to estimate figures where directly unavailable, such as natural gas flaring. As a result, the basic calculations should be repeatable for other years with the core set of data from National Bureau of Statistics and Sinopec (or a similarly authoritative source of oil product data). This study estimates China's total energy-related CO{sub 2} emissions in 2008 to be 6666 Mt CO{sub 2}, including 234.6 Mt of non-fuel CO{sub 2} emissions and 154 Mt of sequestered CO{sub 2}. Bunker fuel emissions in 2008 totaled 15.9 Mt CO{sub 2}, but this figure is underestimated because fuel use by Chinese ship and planes for international transportation and military bunkers are not included. Of emissions related to energy consumption, 82% is from coal consumption, 15% from petroleum and 3% from natural gas. From the sectoral approach, industry had the largest share of China's energy-related CO{sub 2} emissions with 72%, followed by residential at 11%, transport and telecommunications at 8%, and the other four (commerce, agriculture, construction and other public) sectors having a combined share of 9%. Thermal electricity and (purchased) heat (to a lesser degree) are major sources of fuel consumption behind sectoral emissions, responsible for 2533 Mt CO2 and 321 Mt CO{sub 2}, respec

  7. Conceptual Site Treatment Plan Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research Environmental Restoration Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chapman, T.E.

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Federal Facilities Compliance Act (the Act) of 1992 waives sovereign immunity for federal facilities for fines and penalties under the provisions of the Resource Recovery and Conservation Act, state, interstate, and local hazardous and solid waste management requirements. However, for three years the Act delays the waiver for violations involving US Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The Act, however, requires that the DOE prepare a Conceptual Site Treatment Plan (CSTP) for each of its sites that generate or store mixed wastes (MWs). The purpose of the CSTP is to present DOE`s preliminary evaluations of the development of treatment capacities and technologies for treating a site`s MW. This CSTP presents the preliminary capacity and technology evaluation for the Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research (LEHR). The five identified MW streams at LEHR are evaluated to the extent possible given available information. Only one MW stream is sufficiently well defined to permit a technology evaluation to be performed. Two other MW streams are in the process of being characterized so that an evaluation can be performed. The other two MW streams will be generated by the decommissioning of inactive facilities onsite within the next five years.

  8. Workshop on induced Seismicity due to fluid injection/production from Energy-Related Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Majer, E.L.; Asanuma, Hiroshi; Rueter, Horst; Stump, Brian; Segall, Paul; Zoback, Mark; Nelson, Jim; Frohlich, Cliff; Rutledge, Jim; Gritto, Roland; Baria, Roy; Hickman, Steve; McGarr, Art; Ellsworth, Bill; Lockner, Dave; Oppenheimer, David; Henning, Peter; Rosca, Anca; Hornby, Brian; Wang, Herb; Beeler, Nick; Ghassemi, Ahmad; Walters, Mark; Robertson-Tait, Ann; Dracos, Peter; Fehler, Mike; Abou-Sayed, Ahmed; Ake, Jon; Vorobiev, Oleg; Julian, Bruce

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geothermal energy, carbon sequestration, and enhanced oil and gas recovery have a clear role in U.S. energy policy, both in securing cost-effective energy and reducing atmospheric CO{sub 2} accumulations. Recent publicity surrounding induced seismicity at several geothermal and oil and gas sites points out the need to develop improved standards and practices to avoid issues that may unduly inhibit or stop the above technologies from fulfilling their full potential. It is critical that policy makers and the general community be assured that EGS, CO{sub 2} sequestration, enhanced oil/gas recovery, and other technologies relying on fluid injections, will be designed to reduce induced seismicity to an acceptable level, and be developed in a safe and cost-effective manner. Induced seismicity is not new - it has occurred as part of many different energy and industrial applications (reservoir impoundment, mining, oil recovery, construction, waste disposal, conventional geothermal). With proper study/research and engineering controls, induced seismicity should eventually allow safe and cost-effective implementation of any of these technologies. In addition, microseismicity is now being used as a remote sensing tool for understanding and measuring the success of injecting fluid into the subsurface in a variety of applications, including the enhancement of formation permeability through fracture creation/reactivation, tracking fluid migration and storage, and physics associated with stress redistribution. This potential problem was envisaged in 2004 following observed seismicity at several EGS sites, a study was implemented by DOE to produce a white paper and a protocol (Majer et al 2008) to help potential investors. Recently, however, there have been a significant number of adverse comments by the press regarding induced seismicity which could adversely affect the development of the energy sector in the USA. Therefore, in order to identify critical technology and research that was necessary not only to make fluid injections safe, but an economic asset, DOE organized a series of workshops. The first workshop was held on February 4, 2010, at Stanford University. A second workshop will be held in mid-2010 to address the critical elements of a 'best practices/protocol' that industry could use as a guide to move forward with safe implementation of fluid injections/production for energy-related applications, i.e., a risk mitigation plan, and specific recommendations for industry to follow. The objectives of the first workshop were to identify critical technology and research needs/approaches to advance the understanding of induced seismicity associated with energy related fluid injection/production, such that: (1) The risk associated with induced seismicity can be reduced to a level that is acceptable to the public, policy makers, and regulators; and (2) Seismicity can be utilized/controlled to monitor, manage, and optimize the desired fluid behavior in a cost effective fashion. There were two primary goals during the workshop: (1) Identify the critical roadblocks preventing the necessary understanding of human-induced seismicity. These roadblocks could be technology related (better imaging of faults and fractures, more accurate fluid tracking, improved stress measurements, etc.), research related (fundamental understanding of rock physical properties and geochemical fluid/rock interactions, development of improved constitutive relations, improved understanding of rock failure, improved data processing and modeling, etc.), or a combination of both. (2) After laying out the roadblocks the second goal was to identify technology development and research needs that could be implemented in the near future to address the above objectives.

  9. South Carolina DOE/EPSCoR energy-related graduate research traineeships. [Progress Performance Report for period September 30, 1991 to September 29, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Durig, J.R.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The three primary objectives of the DOE/EPSCOR Traineeship Grant are to increase the number of US graduates with training in energy-related disciplines; to provide training and research experience through active participation in on-going energy research programs; and to ensure that the trainees obtain a broader understanding of energy-related research and technology.

  10. South Carolina DOE/EPSCoR energy-related graduate research traineeships. Progress performance report, September 30, 1991--September 29, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Durig, J.R.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The three primary objectives of the DOE/EPSCOR Traineeship Grant are to increase the number of US graduates with training in energy-related disciplines; to provide training and research experience through active participation in on-going energy research programs; and to ensure that the trainees obtain a broader understanding of energy-related research and technology.

  11. Occupancy Based Fault Detection on Building Level - a Feasibility Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuip, B.; Houten, M.; Trcka, M.; Hensen, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -going commissioning and fault detection and diagnostics (FDD) has been performed to improve the current situation of building problems by comparing measured building performance with design predictions [Portland 2003]. For fault detection, different methods... conference on building commissioning, Portland Energy Conservation. Portland. 2003. Methods for automated and continuous commissioning of building systems. US department of commerce, Portland energy conservation inc. Schijndel, A.W.M. van, 2008...

  12. Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory energy-related history, research, managerial reorganization proposals, actions taken, and results. History report, 1945--1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammel, E.F.

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the development of major energy-related programs at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory between 1945 and 1979. Although the Laboratory`s primary mission during that era was the design and development of nuclear weapons and most of the Laboratory`s funding came from a single source, a number of factors were at work that led to the development of these other programs. Some of those factors were affected by the Laboratory`s internal management structure and organization; others were the result of increasing environmental awareness within the general population and the political consequences of that awareness; still others were related to the increasing demand for energy and the increasing turmoil in the energy-rich Middle East. This report also describes the various activities in Los Alamos, in Washington, and in other areas of the world that contributed to the development of major energy-related programs at Los Alamos. The author has a unique historical perspective because of his involvement as a scientist and manager at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory during the time period described within the report. In addition, in numerous footnotes and references, he cites a large body of documents that include the opinions and perspectives of many others who were involved at one time or another in these programs. Finally the report includes a detailed chronology of geopolitical events that led to the development of energy-related programs at Los Alamos.

  13. Characteristic Evolution and Matching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeffrey Winicour

    2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    I review the development of numerical evolution codes for general relativity based upon the characteristic initial value problem. Progress is traced from the early stage of 1D feasibility studies to 2D axisymmetric codes that accurately simulate the oscillations and gravitational collapse of relativistic stars and to current 3D codes that provide pieces of a binary black spacetime. A prime application of characteristic evolution is to compute waveforms via Cauchy-characteristic matching, which is also reviewed.

  14. Preliminary Expected Performance Characteristics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    capabilities. To facilitate discussion of the scientific impact and design optimization of such a lattice, this document describes the expected performance characteristics...

  15. Characteristic Evolution and Matching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeffrey Winicour

    2012-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    I review the development of numerical evolution codes for general relativity based upon the characteristic initial value problem. Progress in characteristic evolution is traced from the early stage of 1D feasibility studies to 2D axisymmetric codes that accurately simulate the oscillations and gravitational collapse of relativistic stars and to current 3D codes that provide pieces of a binary black hole spacetime. Cauchy codes have now been successful at simulating all aspects of the binary black hole problem inside an artificially constructed outer boundary. A prime application of characteristic evolution is to extend such simulations to null infinity where the waveform from the binary inspiral and merger can be unambiguously computed. This has now been accomplished by Cauchy-characteristic extraction, where data for the characteristic evolution is supplied by Cauchy data on an extraction worldtube inside the artificial outer boundary. The ultimate application of characteristic evolution is to eliminate the role of this outer boundary by constructing a global solution via Cauchy-characteristic matching. Progress in this direction is discussed.

  16. HTP in Positive Characteristic HTP in Positive Characteristic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlapentokh, Alexandra

    HTP in Positive Characteristic HTP in Positive Characteristic Alexandra Shlapentokh East Carolina University April 2012 #12;HTP in Positive Characteristic Prologue Outline 1 Prologue 2 Fields of Positive Function Fields of Positive Characteristic 7 p-th Powers #12;HTP in Positive Characteristic Prologue

  17. Concrete Pavement Surface Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Broom, Belt, Carpet) Shot Peened Exposed Aggregate Porous (Pervious) Concrete Milled HMA and SurfaceImproving Concrete Pavement Surface Characteristics Pooled Fund TPF-5(139) National Concrete do with this knowledge? #12;Better Design and Construction Practices for Texturing Concrete Pavement

  18. Characterist Passenger Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    LaCrescent CityofMorris LincolnCounty RiverRiderPublicTransitSystem ClayCounty Semcac WatonwanCounty Tri-CountyActionProgram,Inc RedLakeBandofChippewaIndians HubbardCounty BeckerCountyTransit Tri-ValleyOpportunityCouncil,Inc. Mille1 #12;2 #12;3 #12;4 #12;5 #12;6 #12;7 #12;8 #12;9 #12;10 County Population Characterist ics Future

  19. HTP in Positive Characteristic HTP in Positive Characteristic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlapentokh, Alexandra

    HTP in Positive Characteristic HTP in Positive Characteristic Alexandra Shlapentokh East Carolina University October 2007 #12;HTP in Positive Characteristic Table of Contents 1 A Brief History of Diophantine Diophantine Sets, Definitions and Models HTP over a Field vs. HTP over a Subring 3 A Brief History of HTP over

  20. HTP in Positive Characteristic HTP in Positive Characteristic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlapentokh, Alexandra

    HTP in Positive Characteristic HTP in Positive Characteristic Alexandra Shlapentokh East Carolina University November 2007 #12;HTP in Positive Characteristic Table of Contents 1 A Brief History are Done Diophantine Sets, Definitions and Models HTP over a Field vs. HTP over a Subring 3 A Brief History

  1. Wafer characteristics via reflectometry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO)

    2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Various exemplary methods (800, 900, 1000, 1100) are directed to determining wafer thickness and/or wafer surface characteristics. An exemplary method (900) includes measuring reflectance of a wafer and comparing the measured reflectance to a calculated reflectance or a reflectance stored in a database. Another exemplary method (800) includes positioning a wafer on a reflecting support to extend a reflectance range. An exemplary device (200) has an input (210), analysis modules (222-228) and optionally a database (230). Various exemplary reflectometer chambers (1300, 1400) include radiation sources positioned at a first altitudinal angle (1308, 1408) and at a second altitudinal angle (1312, 1412). An exemplary method includes selecting radiation sources positioned at various altitudinal angles. An exemplary element (1650, 1850) includes a first aperture (1654, 1854) and a second aperture (1658, 1858) that can transmit reflected radiation to a fiber and an imager, respectfully.

  2. Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cree, Johnathan V.; Dansu, A.; Fuhr, P.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; McIntyre, T.; Muehleisen, Ralph T.; Starke, M.; Banerjee, Pranab; Kuruganti, T.; Castello, C.

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Buildings Technologies Office (BTO), within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), is initiating a new program in Sensor and Controls. The vision of this program is: • Buildings operating automatically and continuously at peak energy efficiency over their lifetimes and interoperating effectively with the electric power grid. • Buildings that are self-configuring, self-commissioning, self-learning, self-diagnosing, self-healing, and self-transacting to enable continuous peak performance. • Lower overall building operating costs and higher asset valuation. The overarching goal is to capture 30% energy savings by enhanced management of energy consuming assets and systems through development of cost-effective sensors and controls. One step in achieving this vision is the publication of this Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide. The purpose of the guide is to inform building owners and operators of the current status, capabilities, and limitations of sensor technologies. It is hoped that this guide will aid in the design and procurement process and result in successful implementation of building sensor and control systems. DOE will also use this guide to identify research priorities, develop future specifications for potential market adoption, and provide market clarity through unbiased information

  3. Characteristics Data Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, E.D.; Moore, R.S. (Automated Sciences Group, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (USA))

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The LWR Serial Numbers Database System (SNDB) contains detailed data about individual, historically discharged LWR spent fuel assemblies. This data includes the reactor where used, the year the assemblies were discharged, the pool where they are currently stored, assembly type, burnup, weight, enrichment, and an estimate of their radiological properties. This information is distributed on floppy disks to users in the nuclear industry to assist in planning for the permanent nuclear waste repository. This document describes the design and development of the SNDB. It provides a complete description of the file structures and an outline of the major code modules. It serves as a reference for a programmer maintaining the system, or for others interested in the technical detail of this database. This is the initial version of the SNDB. It contains historical data through December 31, 1987, obtained from the Energy Information Administration (EIA). EIA obtains the data from the utility companies via the RW-859 Survey Form. It evaluates and standardizes the data and distributes the resulting batch level database as a large file on magnetic tape. The Characteristics Data Base obtains this database for use in the LWR Quantities Data Base. Additionally, the CDB obtains the individual assembly level detail from EIA for use in the SNDB. While the Quantities Data Base retains only the level of detail necessary for its reporting, the SNDB does retain and use the batch level data to assist in the identification of a particular assembly serial number. We expect to update the SNDB on an annual basis, as new historical data becomes available.

  4. A Taxonomy of Usability Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabbard, Joseph L.

    A Taxonomy of Usability Characteristics in Virtual Environments Deliverable to Office of Naval This document can be found at http://csgrad.cs.vt.edu/jgabbard/ve/taxonomy/ #12;#12;A Taxonomy of Usability accomplished, yielding a comprehensive multi-dimensional taxonomy of usability characteristics specifically

  5. Health-Compromising Behaviors characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meagher, Mary

    , cognitive impairments, 15% of health care costs = Etoh abuse treatment, underestimate of health costsHealth-Compromising Behaviors characteristics substance abuse and dependence ­ opponent process theory ­ incentive salience ­ frontal executive effects alcohol abuse and dependence smoking #12

  6. Radiation Characteristics of Glass Containing Gas Bubbles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilon, Laurent; Viskanta, Raymond

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    B. L. Drolen, “Thermal radiation in particulate media withRadiation Characteristics of Glass Containing Gas Bubblesthermophysical properties and radiation characteristics of

  7. RESIDENTIAL VENTILATION AND ENERGY CHARACTERISTICS*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RESIDENTIAL VENTILATION AND ENERGY CHARACTERISTICS* Max Sherman Nance Matson Energy Performance Berkeley, California The role of ventilation in the housing stock is to provide fresh air and to dilute to provide this ventilation service, either directly for moving the air or indirectly for conditioning

  8. Characteristics of potential repository wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Notz, K.J.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is responsible for the spent fuels and other wastes that will be disposed of in a geologic repository. The two major sources of these materials are commercial light-water reactor (LWR) spent fuel and immobilized high-level waste (HLW). Other wastes that may require long-term isolation include non-LWR spent fuels and miscellaneous sources such as activated metals. Detailed characterizations are required for all of these potential repository wastes. These characterizations include physical, chemical, and radiological properties. The latter must take into account decay as a function of time. This information has been extracted from primary data sources, evaluated, and assembled in a Characteristics Data Base which provides data in four formats: hard copy standard reports, menu-driven personal computer (PC) data bases, program-level PC data bases, and mainframe computer files. The Characteristics Data Base provides a standard set of self-consistent data to the various areas of responsibility including systems integration and waste stream analysis, storage, transportation, and geologic disposal. The data will be used for design studies, evaluation of alternatives, and system optimization by OCRWM and supporting contractors. 7 refs., 5 figs., 7 tabs.

  9. Characteristics of spent nuclear fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Notz, K.J.

    1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is responsible for the spent fuels and other wastes that will, or may, eventually be disposed of in a geological repository. The two major sources of these materials are commercial light-water reactor (LWR) spent fuel and immobilized high-level waste (HLW). Other wastes that may require long-term isolation include non-LWR spent fuels and miscellaneous sources such as activated metals. This report deals with spent fuels, but for completeness, the other sources are described briefly. Detailed characterizations are required for all of these potential repository wastes. These characteristics include physical, chemical, and radiological properties. The latter must take into account decay as a function of time. In addition, the present inventories and projected quantities of the various wastes are needed. This information has been assembled in a Characteristics Data Base which provides data in four formats: hard copy standard reports, menu-driven personal computer (PC) data bases, program-level PC data bases, and mainframe computer files. 5 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs.

  10. Characteristic hypersurfaces in a relativistic superfluid theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Linet

    1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    By discussing the Cauchy problem, we determine the covariant equation of the characteristic hypersurfaces in a relativistic superfluid theory.

  11. Modeling radiation characteristics of semitransparent media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilon, Laurent

    and Viskanta8 have proposed a model for the effective radiation characteristics of glass foams. Their analysis

  12. Tier identification (TID) for tiered memory characteristics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Jichuan; Lim, Kevin T; Ranganathan, Parthasarathy

    2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A tier identification (TID) is to indicate a characteristic of a memory region associated with a virtual address in a tiered memory system. A thread may be serviced according to a first path based on the TID indicating a first characteristic. The thread may be serviced according to a second path based on the TID indicating a second characteristic.

  13. Energy Related Research Expertise Mechanical Engineering Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    a combustion process, bubbles in the cooling system in nuclear plants. Amy Shen: nanotechnology, bioenergy materials acquisition (e.g., mining, agriculture) through materials processing, energy conversion of Agriculture, and the US Department of Energy as well as by Ford, Boeing, and Plug Power. Some research

  14. Energy related applications of elementary particle physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rafelski, J.

    1991-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The current research position is summarized, and what could be done in the future to clarify issues which were opened up by the research is indicated. Following on the discussion of the viability of catalyzed fusion, there is presented along with the key experimental results, a short account of the physics surrounding the subject. This is followed by a discussion of key research topics addressed. In consequence of the progress made, it appears that the feasibility of a small-scale fusion based on catalyzed reactions rests on either the remote chance that a yet undiscovered ultraheavy negatively charged elementary particle exists in Nature, or on the possible technical realization of a system based on muon-catalyzed fusion (MuCF) in high-density degenerate hydrogen plasma (density 1000 LHD, temperature O(100 eV)). The lattter is considered to have practical promise.

  15. Base Program on Energy Related Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Western Research Institute

    2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The main objective of the Base Research Program was to conduct both fundamental and applied research that will assist industry in developing, deploying, and commercializing efficient, nonpolluting fossil energy technologies that can compete effectively in meeting the energy requirements of the Nation. In that regard, tasks proposed under the WRI research areas were aligned with DOE objectives of secure and reliable energy; clean power generation; development of hydrogen resources; energy efficiency and development of innovative fuels from low and no-cost sources. The goal of the Base Research Program was to develop innovative technology solutions that will: (1) Increase the production of United States energy resources--coal, natural gas, oil, and renewable energy resources; (2) Enhance the competitiveness of United States energy technologies in international markets and assist in technology transfer; (3) Reduce the nation's dependence on foreign energy supplies and strengthen both the United States and regional economies; and (4) Minimize environmental impacts of energy production and utilization. This report summarizes the accomplishments of the overall Base Program. This document represents a stand-alone Final Report for the entire Program. It should be noted that an interim report describing the Program achievements was prepared in 2003 covering the progress made under various tasks completed during the first five years of this Program.

  16. Energy-Related Carbon Emissions in Manufacturing

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688Electricity Use as an IndicatorNatural Gas

  17. Glossary: Energy-Related Carbon Emissions

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.GasYearper Thousand Cubic Feet)2.46 60

  18. Doppler characteristics of sea clutter.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raynal, Ann Marie; Doerry, Armin Walter

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Doppler radars can distinguish targets from clutter if the target's velocity along the radar line of sight is beyond that of the clutter. Some targets of interest may have a Doppler shift similar to that of clutter. The nature of sea clutter is different in the clutter and exo-clutter regions. This behavior requires special consideration regarding where a radar can expect to find sea-clutter returns in Doppler space and what detection algorithms are most appropriate to help mitigate false alarms and increase probability of detection of a target. This paper studies the existing state-of-the-art in the understanding of Doppler characteristics of sea clutter and scattering from the ocean to better understand the design and performance choices of a radar in differentiating targets from clutter under prevailing sea conditions.

  19. Characteristics of potential repository wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cowart, C.G.; Notz, K.J.

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a fully documented peer review of DOE/RW-0184, Rev. 1, Characteristics of Potential Repository Wastes''. The peer review was chaired and administered by oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for the Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) and was conducted in accordance with OCRWM QA procedure QAAP 3.3 Peer Review'' for the purpose of quailing the document for use in OCRWM quality-affecting work. The peer reviewers selected represent a wide range of experience and knowledge particularly suitable for evaluating the subject matter. A total of 596 formal comments were documented by the seven peer review panels, and all were successfully resolved. The peers reached the conclusion that DOE/RW-0184, Rev. 1, is quality determined and suitable for use in quality-affecting work.

  20. Housing Characteristics and Socio-Economic Status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Housing Characteristics and Socio-Economic Status ROCOG's Environmental Justice Protocol Phil to show relationships between housing characteristics and household income ·! Local real property data with survey-based SES data #12;Housing Type & EJ Populations Type of Residence Total Pupils Pupils Eligible

  1. The Inner Solar System Characteristics of Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    The Inner Solar System #12;The Earth #12;Characteristics of Earth A terrestrial, rocky planet floats on mantle · Crust is created and destroyed #12;Characteristics of Earth Today Surface: · 70% water · 30% land Atmosphere: ·77% N2 ·21% O2 ·0.1% H2O ·+Ar, CO2, Ne #12;The Dynamic Earth Molten Core

  2. 5, 37233745, 2005 characteristics of ice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ACPD 5, 3723­3745, 2005 Chemical characteristics of ice nuclei in anvil cirrus clouds C. H. Twohy and Physics Discussions Chemical characteristics of ice residual nuclei in anvil cirrus clouds: evidence for homogeneous and heterogeneous ice formation C. H. Twohy 1 and M. R. Poellot 2 1 College of Oceanic

  3. Market characteristics of future oil tanker operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willemann, Simmy Dhawan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work analyzes the market characteristics of future oil tanker operations with a particular emphasis on those aspects which will have a potential impact on the design of future vessels. The market analysis model used ...

  4. Contractual form, retail price and asset characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Andrea

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Predictions derived from a principal-agent analysis of the manufacturer-retailer relationship are derived and tested using microdata on contractual form, outlet characteristics and retail prices for gasoline stations in ...

  5. Power Characteristics of Industrial Air Compressors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, C.; Kissock, K.

    The power draw characteristics of air compressors are primarily determined by the type of compressor control and the relationship between the compressor's output capacity and the compressed air demand in the plant. In this paper, we review the most...

  6. Changes in precipitation characteristics and extremes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Richard P.

    changes in two different climate scenarios. In the Mediterranean region, precipitation amount, frequencyChanges in precipitation characteristics and extremes Comparing Mediterranean to change Swiss with climate change, with potentially severe impacts on human society and ecosystems. This study analyses

  7. Future characteristics of Offshore Support Vessels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Robin Sebastian Koske

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this thesis is to examine trends in Offshore Support Vessel (OSV) design and determine the future characteristics of OSVs based on industry insight and supply chain models. Specifically, this thesis focuses ...

  8. ON THE EULER CHARACTERISTIC. JIMMY DILLIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dillies, Jimmy

    ON THE EULER CHARACTERISTIC. JIMMY DILLIES 1. Planar graphs A planar graph is a graph that can Platonic solids. Figure 1. Stereographic projection 1 #12;2 JIMMY DILLIES Figure 2. The Platonic Solids

  9. Program Characteristics that Predict Improved Learner Outcomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Margaret; Mellard, Daryl

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study identifies adult education program characteristics that predict improved learner outcomes through statistical analyses of data across four years in a single state. Data indicate that, collectively, several ...

  10. Mechanical characteristics of a flanged prosthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Araujo, Tatiana Ivonne

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF A FLF':ED PROSTHESIS A Thesis by TATIANA IVONNE ARAUJO Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1982 Flajot... Subfect: gioengineering MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF A FLANGED PROSTHESIS A Thesis by TATIANA IVONNE ARAUJO Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Co ittee) (Member) (Member) (Member) (Head of Department) August 1982 ABST. RACT...

  11. OPTIMIZATION OF OPERATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SHOTBLASTING TURBINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleš Hribernik; Bojan A?ko; Gorazd Bombek

    A parametric study has been performed in order to optimize the operational characteristics of shotblasting turbine used for surface cleaning of metal products in foundries. The study has been focused on four main parameters: shot velocity, shot distribution, shot mass flow and turbine efficiency. Different turbine designs were experimentally studied which enabled the influence factors to be identified and then quantified by means of comparison of original and modified turbine characteristics. The step-by-step optimization was then performed which resulted in redesigned shotblasting turbine with improved operational characteristics. Up to 35 % higher maximum massflow rate of shot particles has been achieved and turbine efficiency has been improved by more than 6 %. Just slight reduction of shot flow velocity was observed (only 2 %), which confirms an important improvement of shotblasting potentials of new turbine.

  12. Electrospray characteristic curves: in pursuit of improved performance...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electrospray characteristic curves: in pursuit of improved performance in the nano-flow regime. Electrospray characteristic curves: in pursuit of improved performance in the...

  13. Detailed Assessment of Particulate Characteristics from Low-Temperatur...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Assessment of Particulate Characteristics from Low-Temperature Combustion Engines Detailed Assessment of Particulate Characteristics from Low-Temperature Combustion Engines 2012...

  14. Experimental and Modeling Studies of the Characteristics of Liquid...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Experimental and Modeling Studies of the Characteristics of Liquid Biofuels for Enhanced Combustion Experimental and Modeling Studies of the Characteristics of Liquid Biofuels for...

  15. Differences in the Physical Characteristics of Diesel PM with...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Differences in the Physical Characteristics of Diesel PM with Increasing Biofuel Blend Level Differences in the Physical Characteristics of Diesel PM with Increasing Biofuel Blend...

  16. Design and operating characteristics of a transient kinetic analysis...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    operating characteristics of a transient kinetic analysis catalysis reactor system employing in situ transmission Design and operating characteristics of a transient kinetic...

  17. An Experimental Study of PM Emission Characteristics of Commercial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    An Experimental Study of PM Emission Characteristics of Commercial Diesel Engine with Urea-SCR System An Experimental Study of PM Emission Characteristics of Commercial Diesel...

  18. Original article Preconditioning treatment maintains taste characteristic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisosto, Carlos H.

    `September Sun' peach following cold storage Rodrigo Infante,1 * Claudio Meneses1 & Carlos H. Crisosto2 1 fruits immediately after harvest and prior to cold storage at 20 °C for 24­48 h in special chambers aimed preconditioned and transferred to cold storage for 12, 26 and 40 days and evaluated for sensory characteristic

  19. PressurePressure Indiana Coal Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández-Juricic, Esteban

    TimeTime PressurePressure · Indiana Coal Characteristics · Indiana Coals for Coke · CoalTransportation in Indiana · Coal Slurry Ponds Evaluation · Site Selection for Coal Gasification · Coal-To-Liquids Study, CTL · Indiana Coal Forecasting · Under-Ground Coal Gasification · Benefits of Oxyfuel Combustion · Economic

  20. Superconducting wire with improved strain characteristics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Luhman, Thomas (Westhampton Beach, NY); Klamut, Carl J. (E. Patchogue, NY); Suenaga, Masaki (Bellport, NY); Welch, David (Stony Brook, NY)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A superconducting wire comprising a superconducting filament and a beryllium strengthened bronze matrix in which the addition of beryllium to the matrix permits a low volume matrix to exhibit reduced elastic deformation after heat treating which increases the compression of the superconducting filament on cooling and thereby improves the strain characteristics of the wire.

  1. Superconducting wire with improved strain characteristics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Luhman, Thomas (Westhampton Beach, NY); Klamut, Carl J. (East Patchogue, NY); Suenaga, Masaki (Bellport, NY); Welch, David (Stony Brook, NY)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A superconducting wire comprising a superconducting filament and a beryllium strengthened bronze matrix in which the addition of beryllium to the matrix permits a low volume matrix to exhibit reduced elastic deformation after heat treating which increases the compression of the superconducting filament on cooling and thereby improve the strain characteristics of the wire.

  2. Measurements of Smoke Characteristics in HVAC Ducts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolin, Steven D; Ryder, Noah L; Leprince, Frederic; Milke, James; Mowrer, Frederick; Torero, Jose L

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The characteristics of smoke traveling in an HVAC duct have been observed along with the response of selected duct smoke detectors. The simulated HVAC system consists of a 9 m long duct, 0.45 m in diameter. An exhaust fan is placed at one end...

  3. Performance Characteristics of an Isothermal Freeze Valve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hailey, A.E.

    2001-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This document discusses performance characteristics of an isothermal freeze valve. A freeze valve has been specified for draining the DWPF melter at the end of its lifetime. Two freeze valve designs have been evaluated on the Small Cylindrical Melter-2 (SCM-2). In order to size the DWPF freeze valve, the basic principles governing freeze valve behavior need to be identified and understood.

  4. Analyzing Characteristics of Incremental Lifecycle by using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Doo-Hwan

    of increments #12;2006-10-02 5/18 Background(1/2) Incremental lifecycle Divide software product into piecesAnalyzing Characteristics of Incremental Lifecycle by using Simulation 2006.09.13 #12;2006-10-02 2 contribution Research plan #12;2006-10-02 3/18 Motivation(1/2) Flexible lifecycle model has difficulty

  5. Dependability characteristics and safety criteria for an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Roger

    in centralized control. Such systems are referred to as Automatic Train Control (ATC) systems [1]. For simplicityDependability characteristics and safety criteria for an embedded distributed brake control system distributed brake control system in railway freight trains ROGER JOHANSSON1 Department of Electrical

  6. Gauge Invariant Spectral Cauchy Characteristic Extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casey J. Handmer; Béla Szilágyi; Jeffrey Winicour

    2015-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We present gauge invariant spectral Cauchy characteristic extraction. We compare gravitational waveforms extracted from a head-on black hole merger simulated in two different gauges by two different codes. We show rapid convergence, demonstrating both gauge invariance of the extraction algorithm and consistency between the legacy Pitt null code and the much faster Spectral Einstein Code (SpEC).

  7. Self-Calibration of Neutrino Detectors using characteristic Backgrounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachim Kopp; Manfred Lindner; Alexander Merle

    2007-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the possibility to use characteristic natural neutrino backgrounds, such as Geoneutrinos (\\bar{\

  8. Measuring spatial variability in soil characteristics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hoskinson, Reed L. (Rigby, ID); Svoboda, John M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Sawyer, J. Wayne (Hampton, VA); Hess, John R. (Ashton, ID); Hess, J. Richard (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides systems and methods for measuring a load force associated with pulling a farm implement through soil that is used to generate a spatially variable map that represents the spatial variability of the physical characteristics of the soil. An instrumented hitch pin configured to measure a load force is provided that measures the load force generated by a farm implement when the farm implement is connected with a tractor and pulled through or across soil. Each time a load force is measured, a global positioning system identifies the location of the measurement. This data is stored and analyzed to generate a spatially variable map of the soil. This map is representative of the physical characteristics of the soil, which are inferred from the magnitude of the load force.

  9. Characteristics of potential repository wastes. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document, and its associated appendices and microcomputer (PC) data bases, constitutes the reference OCRWM data base of physical and radiological characteristics data of radioactive wastes. This Characteristics Data Base (CDB) system includes data on spent nuclear fuel and high-level waste (HLW), which clearly require geologic disposal, and other wastes which may require long-term isolation, such as sealed radioisotope sources. The data base system was developed for OCRWM by the CDB Project at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Various principal or official sources of these data provided primary information to the CDB Project which then used the ORIGEN2 computer code to calculate radiological properties. The data have been qualified by an OCRWM-sponsored peer review as suitable for quality-affecting work meeting the requirements of OCRWM`s Quality Assurance Program. The wastes characterized in this report include: light-water reactor (LWR) spent fuel and immobilized HLW.

  10. Shrinkage - cracking characteristics of structural lightweight concrete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKeen, Robert Gordon

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1969 ABSTRACT Shrinkage-Cracking Characteristics of Structural Lightweight Concrete (August 1969) B. S. C. E. , Texas AERY University Directed by: if. B. Ledbetter Tests were conducted to det. trains the effect of coarse. s -gre- gate type...'csults indicated that both unrestrained shrinkage and concret. c water loss relate to restrained shrinkage stress. Unrestrained shrinks e did not indicate. cracking ter. dency while we+ er loss provided an indi cati on of cr cking tendency. ACRRO!Jr. ROOD. i...

  11. Experimental production characteristics of anticlinal reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Charles David

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The production characteristics of an anticlinal model reservoir have been studied. The results show the effects of production rate, structural well location, well density, and fluid properties on the oil and gas recovery. The results of this study indicate... the need to shut in high gas- oil ratio wells in order to achieve maximum recovery. An increase in well density increased recovery significantly for both upstructure and downstructure wells. An increase in the production rate appeared to increase re...

  12. Aerosol collection characteristics of ambient aerosol samplers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortiz, Carlos A

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are contained in Appendix C. Dichotomous Sam ler The basic principle of operation of the dichotomous, Figure 9, is that aerosol particles are passed through an acceleration nozzle where the particle velocity is increased to a speed V. at the nozzle exit... AEROSOL COLLECTION CHARACTERISTICS OF AMBIENT AEROSOL SAMPLERS A Thesis by CARLOS A. ORTIZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1978...

  13. A heat engine with unique characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baranescu, G.S. [ATR Corp., Western Springs, IL (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A heat engine which operates with one heat reservoir is described. The engine transforms the heat input completely into work by using a compressed fluid from a resource of the environment. For this reason the engine is not a perpetual motion machine of the second kind. The characteristics of the engine are analyzed, and the ways for achieving the most economic use of the compressed fluid are described. The principle of operation of the engine shows that the concepts of phenomenological thermodynamics regarding heat and its transformation in other forms of energy are not true.

  14. Psychological characteristics of voluntarily childless individuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Claudia Helt

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Study, Total Sample (N = 160) 4 F-Values Comparing Those Who Do Not Want Children With a Group That Does on Age, Sex, Education, and Marital Status. 23 24 26 27 PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VOLUNTARILY CHILDLESS INDIVIDUALS In recent years... but in accord with research predictions, the neuroticism-stability scale revealed no significant dif- ferences among the four groups (mean scores were 9 . 4, 9 . 6, 9. 6, and 9. 2, each p&. 5). Thus it does not appear that voluntarily childless individuals...

  15. Flow characteristics in underground coal gasification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, H.L.; Himmelblau, D.M.; Edgar, T.F.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the underground coal gasification field test at the Hoe Creek site No. 2, Wyoming, helium pulses were introduced to develop information to characterize the flow field, and to estimate the coefficients in dispersion models of the flow. Quantitative analysis of the tracer response curves shows an increasing departure from a plug flow regime with time because of the combined effects of the free and forced convection in addition to the complex non-uniformity of the flow field. The Peclet number was a function of temperature, pressure, gas recovery and characteristic velocity, as well as the split of the gas between the parallel streams in the model. 17 refs.

  16. Characteristic structure of star-forming clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Philip C

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper gives a new way to diagnose the star-forming potential of a molecular cloud region from the probability density function of its column density (N-pdf). It gives expressions for the column density and mass profiles of a symmetric filament having the same N-pdf as a filamentary region. The central concentration of this characteristic filament can distinguish regions and can quantify their fertility for star formation. Profiles are calculated for N-pdfs which are pure lognormal, pure power law, or a combination. In relation to models of singular polytropic cylinders, characteristic filaments can be unbound, bound, or collapsing depending on their central concentration. Such filamentary models of the dynamical state of N-pdf gas are more relevant to star-forming regions than are models of spherical collapse. The star formation fertility of a bound or collapsing filament is quantified by its mean mass accretion rate when in radial free fall. For a given mass per length, the fertility increases with the ...

  17. Performance Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in a 50-State Emissions Compliant Passenger Car Performance Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in a 50-State Emissions...

  18. Soil Hydraulic Characteristics of a Small Southwest Oregon Watershed Following

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    --------------------------------------------- Soil Hydraulic Characteristics of a Small Southwest by a high-intensity burn over areas of steep topography. The areal distribution of soil hydraulic of infiltration capacity, saturated hydraulic conductivity, and soil moisture characteristics. Also, measures

  19. Characteristics of a corona discharge with a hot corona electrode

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kulumbaev, E. B.; Lelevkin, V. M.; Niyazaliev, I. A.; Tokarev, A. V. [Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University (Kyrgyzstan)

    2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of the temperature of the corona electrode on the electrical characteristics of a corona discharge was studied experimentally. A modified Townsend formula for the current-voltage characteristic of a one-dimensional corona is proposed. Gasdynamic and thermal characteristics of a positive corona discharge in a coaxial electrode system are calculated. The calculated results are compared with the experimental data.

  20. MENTOR READINESS ASSESSMENT Effective and Ineffective Characteristics of a Mentor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maranas, Costas

    MENTOR READINESS ASSESSMENT Effective and Ineffective Characteristics of a Mentor The ten characteristics below serve as a measure for determining your readiness to be a mentor. There are five effective Characteristics 1. Spot the Potential & Believe in Others Effective mentors have a positive view of others

  1. Hydrothermally grown nanostructured WO films and their electrochromic characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demir, Hilmi Volkan

    Hydrothermally grown nanostructured WO 3 films and their electrochromic characteristics.1088/0022-3727/43/28/285501 Hydrothermally grown nanostructured WO3 films and their electrochromic characteristics Zhihui Jiao1 , Xiao Wei and their electrochromic characteristics. Plate-like monoclinic WO3 nanostructures were grown directly on fluorine

  2. Ris-R-1472(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø-R-1472(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics Contents of Database Bank, revision I Gunner C on Wind Characteristics Contents of the database, revision I Abstract The main objective of IEA R&D Wind Annex XVII - Database on Wind Characteristics - has been to provide wind energy planners, designers

  3. Ris-R-1473(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø-R-1473(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics Analyses of Wind Turbine Design Loads Gunner C R&D Wind Annex XVII - Database on Wind #12;IEA Annex XVII, Database on Wind Characteristics Analyses of W Characteristics - has been to provide wind energy planners, designers and researchers, as well

  4. Ris-R-1301(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø-R-1301(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics Contents of Database Bank Gunner C. Larsen Risø XVII, Database on Wind Characteristics - Contents of the database Abstract The main objective of IEA R&D Wind Annex XVII - Database on Wind Characteristics - is to provide wind energy planners and designers

  5. Viscoelastic DampingViscoelastic Damping Characteristics of Indium-Tin/Characteristics of Indium-Tin/SiCSiC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swan Jr., Colby Corson

    1 Viscoelastic DampingViscoelastic Damping Characteristics of Indium-Tin/Characteristics of Indium-Tin Approach: · Based on past experience, indium-tin has well- characterized stiffness/damping. · Fabricate

  6. Characteristics of transverse waves in chromospheric mottles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuridze, D.; Mathioudakis, M.; Jess, D. B.; Keenan, F. P. [Astrophysics Research Center, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Verth, G.; Erdélyi, R. [Solar Physics and Space Plasma Research Center (SP2RC), University of Sheffield, Hicks Building, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom); Morton, R. J. [Mathematics and Information Science, Northumbria University, Camden Street, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 8ST (United Kingdom); Christian, D. J., E-mail: dkuridze01@qub.ac.uk [Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330 (United States)

    2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Using data obtained by the high temporal and spatial resolution Rapid Oscillations in the Solar Atmosphere instrument on the Dunn Solar Telescope, we investigate at an unprecedented level of detail transverse oscillations in chromospheric fine structures near the solar disk center. The oscillations are interpreted in terms of propagating and standing magnetohydrodynamic kink waves. Wave characteristics including the maximum transverse velocity amplitude and the phase speed are measured as a function of distance along the structure's length. Solar magnetoseismology is applied to these measured parameters to obtain diagnostic information on key plasma parameters (e.g., magnetic field, density, temperature, flow speed) of these localized waveguides. The magnetic field strength of the mottle along the ?2 Mm length is found to decrease by a factor of 12, while the local plasma density scale height is ?280 ± 80 km.

  7. Flow characteristics in underground coal gasification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, H.L.; Himmelblau, D.M.; Edgar, T.F.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the Hoe Creek No. 2 (Wyoming) underground-coal-gasification field test, researchers introduced helium pulses to characterize the flow field and to estimate the coefficients in dispersion models of the flow. Flow models such as the axial-dispersion and parallel tanks-in-series models allowed interpretation of the in situ combustion flow field from the residence time distribution of the tracer gas. A quantitative analysis of the Hoe Creek tracer response curves revealed an increasing departure from a plug-flow regime with time, which was due to the combined effects of the free and forced convection in addition to the complex nonuniformity of the flow field. The Peclet number was a function of temperature, pressure, gas recovery, and characteristic velocity, as well as the split of the gas between the parallel streams in the model.

  8. Hydrodynamic force characteristics in the splash zone

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daliri, M.R.; Haritos, N. [Univ. of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria (Australia). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A comprehensive experimental study concerned with the hydrodynamic force characteristics of both rigid and compliant surface piercing cylinders, with a major focus on the local nature of these characteristics as realized in the splash zone and in the fully submerged zone immediately below this region, has been in progress at the University of Melbourne for the last three years. This paper concentrates on a portion of this study associated with uni-directional regular wave inputs with wave steepness (H/{lambda}) in the range 0.0005--0.1580 and Keulegan-Carpenter (KC) numbers in the range 2--15 which encompasses inertia force dominant (KC<5) to drag force significant conditions (5

  9. Aluminum Honeycomb Characteristics in Dynamic Crush Environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bateman, Vesta I.; Swanson, Lloyd H.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fifteen aluminum honeycomb cubes (3 in.) have been crushed in the Mechanical Shock Laboratory's drop table testing machines. This report summarizes shock experiments with honeycomb densities of 22.1 pcf and 38.0 pcf and with crush weights of 45 lb, 168 lb, and 268 lb. The honeycomb samples were crushed in all three orientations, W, L, and T. Most of the experiments were conducted at an impact velocity of {approx}40 fps, but higher velocities of up to 90 fps were used for selected experiments. Where possible, multiple experiments were conducted for a specific orientation and density of the honeycomb samples. All results are for Hexcel honeycomb except for one experiment with Alcore honeycomb and have been evaluated for validity. This report contains the raw acceleration data measured on the top of the drop table carriage, pictures of the crushed samples, and normalized force-displacement curves for all fifteen experiments. These data are not strictly valid for material characteristics in L and T orientations because the cross-sectional area of the honeycomb changed (split) during the crush. However, these are the best data available at this time. These dynamic crush data do suggest a significant increase in crush strength to 8000 psi ({approximately} 25-30% increase) over quasi-static values of {approximately}6000 psi for the 38.0 pcf Hexcel Honeycomb in the T-orientation. An uncertainty analysis is included and estimates the error in these data.

  10. Measurements of uranium mill tailings consolidation characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fayer, M J

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of experiments were conducted on uranium mill tailings from the tailings pile in Grand Junction, Colorado, to determine their consolidation characteristics. Three materials (sand, sand/slimes mix, slimes) were loaded under saturated conditions to determine their saturated consolidated behavior. During a separate experiment, samples of the slimes material were kept under a constant load while the pore pressure was increased to determine the partially saturated consolidation behavior. Results of the saturated tests compared well with published data. Sand consolidated the least, while slimes consolidated the most. As each material consolidated, the measured hydraulic conductivity decreased in a linear fashion with respect to the void ratio. Partially saturated experiments with the slimes indicated that there was little consolidation as the pore pressure was increased progressively above 7 kPa. The small amount of consolidation that did occur was only a fraction of the amount of saturated consolidation. Preliminary measurements between pore pressures of 0 and 7 kPa indicated that measurable consolidation could occur in this range of pore pressure, but only if there was no load. 13 references, 13 figures.

  11. The Lyapunov Characteristic Exponents and their computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charalampos Skokos

    2009-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a survey of the theory of the Lyapunov Characteristic Exponents (LCEs) for dynamical systems, as well as of the numerical techniques developed for the computation of the maximal, of few and of all of them. After some historical notes on the first attempts for the numerical evaluation of LCEs, we discuss in detail the multiplicative ergodic theorem of Oseledec \\cite{O_68}, which provides the theoretical basis for the computation of the LCEs. Then, we analyze the algorithm for the computation of the maximal LCE, whose value has been extensively used as an indicator of chaos, and the algorithm of the so--called `standard method', developed by Benettin et al. \\cite{BGGS_80b}, for the computation of many LCEs. We also consider different discrete and continuous methods for computing the LCEs based on the QR or the singular value decomposition techniques. Although, we are mainly interested in finite--dimensional conservative systems, i. e. autonomous Hamiltonian systems and symplectic maps, we also briefly refer to the evaluation of LCEs of dissipative systems and time series. The relation of two chaos detection techniques, namely the fast Lyapunov indicator (FLI) and the generalized alignment index (GALI), to the computation of the LCEs is also discussed.

  12. Self-averaging characteristics of spectral fluctuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petr Braun; Fritz Haake

    2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The spectral form factor as well as the two-point correlator of the density of (quasi-)energy levels of individual quantum dynamics are not self-averaging. Only suitable smoothing turns them into useful characteristics of spectra. We present numerical data for a fully chaotic kicked top, employing two types of smoothing: one involves primitives of the spectral correlator, the second a small imaginary part of the quasi-energy. Self-averaging universal (like the CUE average) behavior is found for the smoothed correlator, apart from noise which shrinks like $1\\over\\sqrt N$ as the dimension $N$ of the quantum Hilbert space grows. There are periodically repeated quasi-energy windows of correlation decay and revival wherein the smoothed correlation remains finite as $N\\to\\infty$ such that the noise is negligible. In between those windows (where the CUE averaged correlator takes on values of the order ${1\\over N^2}$) the noise becomes dominant and self-averaging is lost. We conclude that the noise forbids distinction of CUE and GUE type behavior. Surprisingly, the underlying smoothed generating function does not enjoy any self-averaging outside the range of its variables relevant for determining the two-point correlator (and certain higher-order ones). --- We corroborate our numerical findings for the noise by analytically determining the CUE variance of the smoothed single-matrix correlator.

  13. Fission-product-decay characteristics. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Millage, K.K.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This theses determined fission-product decay characteristics , including the total activity, the gamma-ray emission rate (GER) and gamma-ray energy spectra. The activity and GER decay were compared to Way and Wigner's t(exp(-1.2)) approximation, and the effects the spectra, activity, and GER have on the Source Normalization Constant (K) were examined. Most of the fission-product data were obtained from DKPOWR, and were compared with data obtained from ORIGIN2. Since the gamma rays are of primary concern in fallout studies, the GER is used instead of activity. The ratio of GER to activity changes significantly with time. Results of this study calculate a GER of 590 x 10/sup 16/ gamma rays/second per kT of fission yield from U-235 fuel and a K of 7059 R/Hr/(kT/sq.km.). The calculation of K includes the contribution from scattered photons. The GER result is 11% higher than reference values, while the K is within 2% of the current value in Glasstone and Dolan's The Effects of Nuclear Weapons. The Ks for Pu-239 and U-238 were within 5% of the U-235 results. The wax-wigners t(exp(-1.2)) approximation differs from time dependent GER and K up to 85% for times less than 6 months. The approximation is not valid for the GER or K at times greater than 6 months. The approximation is within about 45%, for the activity from fission-product decay to at least 5 years. A more accurate measure of exposure requires a numerical integration of the time dependent GER and Source Normalization Constant.

  14. Industrial structures : an analysis and transformation of their formal characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strub, Damon

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Industrial structures such as blast furnaces, oil refineries, gravel crushers etc. are often beautiful and fascinating. Furthermore, they exemplify certain formal and organizational characteristics which could be incorporated ...

  15. VIBRATION CHARACTERISTICS OF AN APS LAB FACILITY IN BUILDING...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    VIBRATION CHARACTERISTICS OF AN APS LAB FACILITY IN BUILDING 401 by T. J. Royston, Summer Faculty Participant Experimental Facilities Division, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne...

  16. ac loss characteristics: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and solar heat gain characteristics of a home's windows performance by reducing heat loss (in the winter), and cooling loss and solar heat gain (in the summer 86...

  17. Characteristics and Effects of Lubricant Additive Chemistry and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    on the Effects of LubricantAdditive (Low-Ash, Ashless) Characteristics on DPF Degradation Key Parameters Affecting DPF Performance Degradation and Impact on Lifetime Fuel...

  18. Combined Field Integral Equation Based Theory of Characteristic Mode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qi I. Dai; Qin S. Liu; Hui Gan; Weng Cho Chew

    2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Conventional electric field integral equation based theory is susceptible to the spurious internal resonance problem when the characteristic modes of closed perfectly conducting objects are computed iteratively. In this paper, we present a combined field integral equation based theory to remove the difficulty of internal resonances in characteristic mode analysis. The electric and magnetic field integral operators are shown to share a common set of non-trivial characteristic pairs (values and modes), leading to a generalized eigenvalue problem which is immune to the internal resonance corruption. Numerical results are presented to validate the proposed formulation. This work may offer efficient solutions to characteristic mode analysis which involves electrically large closed surfaces.

  19. Effects of atmospheres on bonding characteristics of silver and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    temperature. To investigate the effects of atmospheres on the bonding characteristics of ceramic joints brazed with Ag-CuO braze filler metals, alumina joints prepared using a...

  20. Modeling radiation characteristics of semitransparent media containing bubbles or particles.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randrianalisoa, Jaona; Baillis, Dominique; Pilon, Laurent

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A. G. , and Pilon, L. , “Glass foam: formation, transportcharacteristics of glass foams,” Journal of the Americanradiation characteristics of glass foams. Their analysis was

  1. (Energy related business development grant project): Final technical progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    CONSERVE, Inc., a private, not-for-profit organization, was launched in 1986 to provide energy conservation and weatherization services to low-income neighborhoods throughout New York City. Founded by three non-profit community development groups - Northern Manhattan Improvement Corporation, Operation Open City and the Coalition Management Training Company - CONSERVE, Inc., couples NYS Weatherization Assistance Program funds with privately leveraged dollars to achieve more thorough workscopes and higher energy savings in multi-family buildings housing low-income tenants. CONSERVE's services include: energy audit and workscope preparation, financial analysis and packaging and construction management. During its first year of operation, CONSERVE's primary goal was to test the feasibility of coordinating the services described above by making them available to owners of multi-family buildings and potential lenders. First-year findings proved conclusively CONSERVE's viability as an energy conservation resource for owners and tenants of low-income, multi-family buildings in New York City. Based on its accomplishments as well as its potential, the organization has received full funding for the 1987-88 fiscal year from the NYS Energy Office and the NYS Weatherization Assistance Program. This report documents the organization's activities over the last year.

  2. Continuous fiber ceramic composites for energy related applications. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy has established the Continuous Fiber Ceramic Composites (CFCC) program to develop technology for the manufacture of CFCC`s for use in industrial applications where a reduction in energy usage or emissions could be realized. As part of this program, the Dow Chemical Company explored the manufacture of a fiber reinforced/self reinforced silicon nitride for use in industrial chemical processing. In Dow`s program, CFCC manufacturing technology was developed around traditional, cost effective, tape casting routes. Formulations were developed and coupled with unique processing procedures which enabled the manufacture of tubular green laminates of the dimension needed for the application. An evaluation of the effect of various fibers and fiber coatings on the properties of a fiber reinforced composites was also conducted. Results indicated that fiber coatings could provide composites exhibiting non-catastrophic failure and substantially improved toughness. However, an evaluation of these materials in industrial process environments showed that the material system chosen by Dow did not provide the required performance improvements to make replacement of current metallic components with CFCC components economically viable.

  3. Outliers to the Isotropic Energy - Peak Energy Relation in GRBs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ehud Nakar; Tsvi Piran

    2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The peak energy - isotropic energy (EpEi) relation is among the most intriguing recent discoveries concerning GRBs. It can have numerous implications on our understanding of the emission mechanism of the bursts and on the application of GRBs for cosmological studies. However, this relation was verified only for a small sample of bursts with measured redshifts. We propose here a test whether a burst with an unknown redshift can potentially satisfy the EpEi relation. Applying this test to a large sample of BATSE bursts we find that a significant fraction of those bursts cannot satisfy this relation. Our test is sensitive only to dim and hard bursts and therefore this relation might still hold as an inequality (i.e. there are no intrinsically bright and soft bursts). We conclude that the observed relation seen in the sample of bursts with a known redshift might be influenced by observational biases and from the inability to locate and well localize hard and weak bursts that have only a small number of photons. In particular we point out that the threshold for detection, localization and redshift measurement is essentially higher than the threshold for detection alone. We predict that Swift will detect some hard and weak bursts that would be outliers to the EpEi relation. However, we cannot quantify this prediction. We stress the importance of understanding the detection-localization-redshift threshold for the coming Swift detections.

  4. Energy related applications of elementary particle physics. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rafelski, J.

    1991-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The current research position is summarized, and what could be done in the future to clarify issues which were opened up by the research is indicated. Following on the discussion of the viability of catalyzed fusion, there is presented along with the key experimental results, a short account of the physics surrounding the subject. This is followed by a discussion of key research topics addressed. In consequence of the progress made, it appears that the feasibility of a small-scale fusion based on catalyzed reactions rests on either the remote chance that a yet undiscovered ultraheavy negatively charged elementary particle exists in Nature, or on the possible technical realization of a system based on muon-catalyzed fusion (MuCF) in high-density degenerate hydrogen plasma (density 1000 LHD, temperature O(100 eV)). The lattter is considered to have practical promise.

  5. A review of selected energy-related data sets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicholls, A.K.; Elliott, D.B.; Jones, M.L. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Hannifan, J.M.; Degroat, K.J.; Eichner, M.J.; King, J.E. [Meridian Corp., Alexandria, VA (United States)

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DOE`s Office of Planning and Assessment (OPA) performs crosscutting technical, policy, and environmental assessments of energy technologies and markets. To support these efforts, OPA is in the process of creating a data base management system (DBMS) that will include relevant data compiled from other sources. One of the first steps is a review of selected data sets that may be considered for inclusion in the DBMS. The review covered data sets in five categories: buildings-specific data, industry-specific data, transportation-specific data, utilities-specific data, and crosscutting/general data. Reviewed data sets covered a broad array of energy efficiency, renewable, and/or benchmark technologies. Most data sets reviewed in this report are sponsored by Federal government entities and major industry organizations. Additional data sets reviewed are sponsored by the states of California and New York and regional entities in the Pacific Northwest. Prior to full review, candidate data sets were screened for their utility to OPA. Screening criteria included requirements that a data set be particularly applicable to OPA`s data needs, documented, current, and obtainable. To fully implement its DBMS, OPA will need to expand the review to other data sources, and must carefully consider the implications of differing assumptions and methodologies when comparing data.

  6. A review of selected energy-related data sets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicholls, A.K.; Elliott, D.B.; Jones, M.L. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)); Hannifan, J.M.; Degroat, K.J.; Eichner, M.J.; King, J.E. (Meridian Corp., Alexandria, VA (United States))

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DOE's Office of Planning and Assessment (OPA) performs crosscutting technical, policy, and environmental assessments of energy technologies and markets. To support these efforts, OPA is in the process of creating a data base management system (DBMS) that will include relevant data compiled from other sources. One of the first steps is a review of selected data sets that may be considered for inclusion in the DBMS. The review covered data sets in five categories: buildings-specific data, industry-specific data, transportation-specific data, utilities-specific data, and crosscutting/general data. Reviewed data sets covered a broad array of energy efficiency, renewable, and/or benchmark technologies. Most data sets reviewed in this report are sponsored by Federal government entities and major industry organizations. Additional data sets reviewed are sponsored by the states of California and New York and regional entities in the Pacific Northwest. Prior to full review, candidate data sets were screened for their utility to OPA. Screening criteria included requirements that a data set be particularly applicable to OPA's data needs, documented, current, and obtainable. To fully implement its DBMS, OPA will need to expand the review to other data sources, and must carefully consider the implications of differing assumptions and methodologies when comparing data.

  7. Clark Atlanta Universities (CAU) Energy Related Research Capabilities...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Outlook Conference Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELL EDUCATION AT CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LOS ANGELES GATE Center for Automotive...

  8. Energy-related indoor environmental quality research: A priority agenda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    assess how IAQ affects human health or productivity. Tableof IAQ with occupant health or productivity. Because thisproductivity impacts (including lost-time due to illness) associated with IAQ;

  9. Glossary of Energy-Related Terms | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    directly from a boiler under full pressure. Load The power required to run a defined circuit or system, such as a refrigerator, building, or an entire electricity distribution...

  10. Energy related studies utilizing K-feldspar thermochronology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two distinct sources of information are available from a [sup 40]Ar/[sup 39]Ar step-heating experiment: the age spectrum and Arrhenius plot. Model ages are calculated from the flux of radiogenic argon ([sup 40]Ar*) (assuming trapped argon of atmospheric composition) relative to the reactor produced [sup 39]Ar evolved during discrete laboratory heating steps. With the additional assumption that the [sup 39]Ar is uniformly distributed within the sample, we can infer the spatial distribution of the daughter product. ne associated Arrhenius plot, derived by plotting the diffusion coefficient (obtained from the inversion of the 39[sup Ar] release function assuming a single domain) against the inverse temperature of laboratory heating, are a convolution of the parameters which characterize the individual diffusion domains (whether these be dictated by varying length scale, energetics, etc.). However, many and perhaps Most [sup 40]Ar/[sup 39]Ar age spectra for slowly cooled alkali feldspars are significantly different from model age spectra calculated assuming a single diffusion-domain size. In addition, Arrhenius plots calculated from the measured loss of [sup 39]Ar during the step heating experiment show departures from linearity that are inconsistent with diffusion from domains of equal size. By extending the single diffusion-domain closure model (Dodsontype) to apply to minerals with a discrete distribution of domain sizes, we obtained an internally consistent explanation for the commonly observed features of alkali feldspar age spectra and their associated Arrhenius plots.

  11. Clark Atlanta Universities (CAU) Energy Related Research Capabilities |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'sEnergyTexas1. Feedstock &EnergyDepartmentCity

  12. EO 13212: Actions To Expedite Energy-Related Projects

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisory Board Contributions EMEM STAR CertifiedRed5 Federal Register /

  13. Glossary of Energy-Related Terms | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy: Thomas P. D'Agostino,Glen Wattman - Director, Office ofHere you'll

  14. U.S. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSSCoal Production andOrigin219:

  15. EIA Energy Efficiency-Energy Related Greenhouse Gas Emissions...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Climate Change, Climate change refers to long-term changes in temperature, precipitation, wind patterns, and other elements of the earth's climate system. The Intergovernmental...

  16. Estimates of State Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688Electricity Use as an IndicatorNatural GasRevenueMay

  17. Energy-Related Carbon Emissions, by Industry, 1994

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1. Refiner/Reseller Motor Gasoline11

  18. FACT SHEET: Examples of Administration Activities for Energy-Related

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,OfficeEnd of Year 2010Salt |Exelon GenerationExtraction Utility792Employment and

  19. Executive Order 13212 - Actions To Expedite Energy-Related Projects:

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic Plan| Department of Energy 088: Federal Compliance58-MarineFederal Register

  20. Executive Order 13212 - Actions To Expedite Energy-Related Projects:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:RevisedAdvisoryStandardGeneration |10ExaminationofGovernments (2000) |Federal

  1. FACT SHEET: Examples of Administration Activities for Energy-Related

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in Representative Geologic Media |Efficient Solutions forCorridors,As

  2. Measurement of laser absorptivity for operating parameters characteristic of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Measurement of laser absorptivity for operating parameters characteristic of laser drilling regime Boulevard de l'Hôpital 75013 Paris France E-mail: matthieu.schneider@ensam.eu Abstract Laser drilling. Characteristic laser intensities in the range of 10 MW cm-2 are typically employed for drilling metallic targets

  3. Fractional Method of Characteristics for Fractional Partial Differential Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo-cheng Wu

    2010-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The method of characteristics has played a very important role in mathematical physics. Preciously, it was used to solve the initial value problem for partial differential equations of first order. In this paper, we propose a fractional method of characteristics and use it to solve some fractional partial differential equations.

  4. Study of particle pumping characteristics for different pumping geometries in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karney, Charles

    Study of particle pumping characteristics for different pumping geometries in JT-60U and DIII, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America Abstract. Particle pumping characteristics were compared between pumping from the inner side private flux region (IPP) and pumping from both sides of the private

  5. Eect of Job Size Characteristics on Job Scheduling Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feitelson, Dror

    Eect of Job Size Characteristics on Job Scheduling Performance Kento Aida Department an ap- propriate scheduling algorithm that schedules mul- tiple jobs on the computer system eciently. The goal of the work presented in this paper is to inves- tigate mechanisms how job size characteristics

  6. Predicting Panel Ratings for Semantic Characteristics of Lung Nodules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Marcus

    Predicting Panel Ratings for Semantic Characteristics of Lung Nodules Dmitriy Zinovev De@cdm.depaul.edu ABSTRACT In reading CT scans with potentially malignant lung nodules, radiologists make use of high level a second opinion - predicting these semantic characteristics for lung nodules. In our previous work, we

  7. Ris-R-1300(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - Database on Wind Characteristics - is to provide wind energy planners and designers, as well. Larsen Wind Energy and Atmospheric Physics Department Risø National Laboratory Post Office Box 49 DK-4000 Denmark, 2001 #12;IEA Annex XVII, Database on Wind Characteristics - Users Manual Risø-R-1300(EN) 3

  8. The Nevada railroad system: Physical, operational, and accident characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides a description of the operational and physical characteristics of the Nevada railroad system. To understand the dynamics of the rail system, one must consider the system`s physical characteristics, routing, uses, interactions with other systems, and unique operational characteristics, if any. This report is presented in two parts. The first part is a narrative description of all mainlines and major branchlines of the Nevada railroad system. Each Nevada rail route is described, including the route`s physical characteristics, traffic type and volume, track conditions, and history. The second part of this study provides a more detailed analysis of Nevada railroad accident characteristics than was presented in the Preliminary Nevada Transportation Accident Characterization Study (DOE, 1990).

  9. Cardinal Characteristics and Denability n for these classes without parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (SDF) 1 3 wellorders are consistent with MA + c = 2 (Caicedo-SDF) BPFA + 1 = L 1 1 3 wellorder Large bring 1 n denability into the study of cardinal characteristics? Theorem (Fischer-SDF) Each

  10. CLASSIFICATION OF QUADRATIC FORMS OVER SKEW FIELDS OF CHARACTERISTIC 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLASSIFICATION OF QUADRATIC FORMS OVER SKEW FIELDS OF CHARACTERISTIC 2 MOHAMED ABDOU ELOMARY groups." 1 #12;2 MOHAMED ABDOU ELOMARY AND JEAN-PIERRE TIGNOL Theorem A. Let F be a local or global field

  11. CLASSIFICATION OF QUADRATIC FORMS OVER SKEW FIELDS OF CHARACTERISTIC 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLASSIFICATION OF QUADRATIC FORMS OVER SKEW FIELDS OF CHARACTERISTIC 2 MOHAMED ABDOU ELOMARY groups.'' 1 #12; 2 MOHAMED ABDOU ELOMARY AND JEAN­PIERRE TIGNOL Theorem A. Let F be a local or global

  12. abnormal semen characteristics: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Changes in the characteristics of turkey ejaculated semen and ductus deferens semen with repeated ejaculations Physics Websites...

  13. A study of volatile flavor characteristics of capsicums

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brazier, Craig Delaney

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    steam distilled extracts. Table 5 is a listing of the compounds and their characteristic aroma descriptors. Table 5. Representative arana descriptors identified in Capsicum extracts (Chitwood et al. , 1983). Descriptor Source Cis-3-hexen-1-ol...

  14. Wind Shear Characteristics at Central Plains Tall Towers: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, M.; Elliott, D.

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conference paper for WindPower 2006 held June 4-7, 2006, in Pittsburgh, PA, describing the wind shear characteristics at tall tower sites in the Central Plains of the United States.

  15. Main Ecosystem Characteristics and Distribution of Wetlands in Boreal and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9 Main Ecosystem Characteristics and Distribution of Wetlands in Boreal and Alpine Landscapes) was conducted during 25 years and generated results that indicate that about 15% of #12;Ecosystems Biodiversity

  16. The GHS Attack in odd Characteristic Claus Diem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diem, Claus

    The GHS Attack in odd Characteristic Claus Diem March 24, 2003 Abstract The GHS attack is originally an approach to attack the discrete- logarithm problem (DLP) in the group of rational points

  17. Parameterization of Urban Characteristics for Global Climate Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Trisha L.

    2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    of varying scales and effects of climate change on urban populations, urbanization must be included in global climate models (GCMs). To properly capture the spatial variability in urban areas, GCMs require global databases of urban extent and characteristics...

  18. Characteristics of a Marine Stratocumulus to Cumulus Cloud Transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zapalac, Allison

    2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The studies in this thesis aim to improve the overall understanding of the characteristics of the marine stratocumulus to shallow cumulus transition over the southeast Pacific Ocean. This study uses observations from CloudSat and CALIPSO satellite...

  19. Chemical and isotopic characteristics of the coso east flank...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and nature of the heat source Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Proceedings: Chemical and isotopic characteristics of the coso east...

  20. The Characteristic Ellipsoid Methodology and Its Application in Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Jian; Makarov, Yuri V.; Diao, Ruisheng; Etingov, Pavel V.; Dagle, Jeffery E.; De Tuglie, Enrico E.

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The characteristic ellipsoid (CELL) method to monitor dynamic behaviors of a power system is proposed. Multidimensional minimum-volume-enclosing characteristic ellipsoids are built using synchronized phasor measurements. System dynamic behaviors are identified by tracking the change rate of the CELL’s characteristic indices. Decision tree techniques are used to link the CELL’s characteristic indices and the system’s dynamic behaviors and to determine types, locations and related information about the dynamic behaviors. The knowledge base of representative transient events is created by offline simulations based on the full Western Electric Coordinating Council (WECC) model. Two case studies demonstrate that the CELL method combined with the decision trees can detect transient events and their features with good accuracy.

  1. The paths and characteristics of real estate entrepreneurs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazmierski, Michael (Michael Anthony)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What paths have real estate entrepreneurs taken to establish their own firm? Also, what characteristics did they develop and utilize in the process? This thesis gives the unique opportunity to better understand the life ...

  2. Characteristics of Wind Turbines Under Normal and Fault Conditions: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C. P.; Parsons, B.; Ellis, A.

    2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates the characteristics of a variable-speed wind turbine connected to a stiff or weak grid under normal and fault conditions and the role of reactive power compensation.

  3. Scattering Characteristics In Heterogeneous Fractured Reservoirs From Waveform Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Feng

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Offset-dependent characteristics of seismic scattering are useful in the interpretation of fractured reservoirs. Synthetic seismograms generated by a 3-D finite difference modeling are used to study elastic wave propagation ...

  4. Capillary characteristics in microfluidic experiments and computational simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Anusuya

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Angiogenesis is crucial during many physiological processes, and is influenced by various biochemical and biomechanical factors. Models have proven useful in understanding the mechanisms of angiogenesis and the characteristics ...

  5. Chemical and light-stable isotope characteristics of waters from...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    light-stable isotope characteristics of waters from the raft river geothermal area and environs, Cassia County, Idaho, Box Elder county, Utah Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI...

  6. The effects of surface conditions on boiling characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenz, J. J.

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A unified model relating surface variables to the nucleate pool boiling characteristics was developed. A simple vapor trapping mechanism was postulated and a geometrical model constructed for idealized conical cavities ...

  7. Experimental evaluation of heat transfer characteristics of silica nanofluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Zihao, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The laminar convective heat transfer characteristics were investigated for silica nanofluid. An experimental loop was built to obtain heat transfer coefficients for single-phase nanofluids in a circular conduit in laminar ...

  8. On the Characteristics of Spectrum-Agile Communication Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Xin

    , both the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the federal government have made important1 On the Characteristics of Spectrum-Agile Communication Networks Xin Liu Wei Wang Department almost all spectrum suitable for wireless communications have been allocated, preliminary studies

  9. A sociological analysis of serial murder: victim and offender characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunlap, Donna Jean

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF SERIAL MURDER: VICTIM AND OFFENDER CHARACTERISTICS A Thesis by DONNA JEAN DUNLAP Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1990 Major Subject: Sociology A SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF SERIAL MURDER: VICTIM AND OFFENDER CHARACTERISTICS A Thesis by DONNA JEAN DUNLAP Approved as to style and content by: Jane Sell (Chair of Committee) Ben M. Crouch...

  10. Characteristics of corn and sorghum for tortilla processing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez de Palacios, Maria de Jesus

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CHARACTERISTICS OF CORN AND SORGHUM FOR TORTILLA PROCESSING A Thesis by MARIA DE JESUS GONZALEZ DE PALACIOS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology CHARACTERISTICS OF CORN AND SORGHUM FOR TORTILLA PROCESSING A Thesis by MARIA DE JESUS GONZALEZ DE PALACIOS Approved as to style and content by: an o omm t em er em er ea o...

  11. Characteristics of corn and sorghum for tortilla processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez de Palacios, Maria de Jesus

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CHARACTERISTICS OF CORN AND SORGHUM FOR TORTILLA PROCESSING A Thesis by MARIA DE JESUS GONZALEZ DE PALACIOS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology CHARACTERISTICS OF CORN AND SORGHUM FOR TORTILLA PROCESSING A Thesis by MARIA DE JESUS GONZALEZ DE PALACIOS Approved as to style and content by: an o omm t em er em er ea o...

  12. Identification of airfoil characteristics for optimum wind turbine performance / b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Leonard Scott

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IDENTIFICATION OF AIRFOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR OPTIMUM WIND TURBINE PERFORMANCE A Thesis by LEONARD SCOTT MILLER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1983 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering IDENTIFICATION OF AIRFOIL CHARACTERISTICS FOR OPTIMUM WIND TURBINE PERFORMANCE A Thesis by LEONARD SCOTT MILLER Approved as to Style and Content by: Dr. S. J. Miley (Chairm of Committee...

  13. Seismic Pulses Derivation from the Study of Source Signature Characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rahman, Syed Mustafizur; Nawawi, M. N. Mohd.; Saad, Rosli [School of Physics, Univeristi Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang (Malaysia)

    2010-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper deals with a deterministic technique for the derivation of seismic pulses by the study of source characteristics. The spectral characteristics of the directly or the nearest detected seismic signal is analyzed and considered as the principle source signature. Using this signature seismic pulses are derived with accurate time position in the seismic traces. The technique is applied on both synthetic and field refraction seismic traces. In both cases it has estimated that the accurate time shifts along with amplitude coefficients.

  14. First Year Sedimentological Characteristics and Morphological Evolution of an Artificial Berm at Fort Myers Beach, Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    First Year Sedimentological Characteristics and Morphological Evolution of an Artificial Berm Methods and Data Analysis 29 Results and Discussion 34 Sedimentological Characteristics of the Artificial Project Area 45 Control Area Northwest of Berm 47 Discussion of Sedimentological Characteristics 49

  15. Measurement of physical characteristics of materials by ultrasonic methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lu, W.Y.; Min, S.

    1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is described for determining and evaluating physical characteristics of a material. In particular, the present invention provides for determining and evaluating the anisotropic characteristics of materials, especially those resulting from such manufacturing processes as rolling, forming, extruding, drawing, forging, etc. In operation, a complex ultrasonic wave is created in the material of interest by any method. The wave form may be any combination of wave types and modes and is not limited to fundamental plate modes. The velocity of propagation of selected components which make up the complex ultrasonic wave are measured and evaluated to determine the physical characteristics of the material including, texture, strain/stress, grain size, crystal structure, etc. 14 figs.

  16. The characteristic stellar mass as a function of redshift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cathie J. Clarke; Volker Bromm

    2003-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a model for the star formation process during the initial collapse of dark matter haloes at redshifts z=0-30. We derive a simple expression for the characteristic stellar mass scale during this initial burst of star formation. In our picture, this characteristic scale reflects both the minimum temperature to which the gas can cool (determined by the metallicity and the temperature of the cosmic microwave background) and the pressure of overlying baryons in the collapsing halo. This prescription reproduces both the large mass scales found in simulations of Population III star formation and the near solar values observed for star formation at low redshift.

  17. Spectral Characteristic Evolution: A New Algorithm for Gravitational Wave Propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casey J. Handmer; Béla Szilágyi

    2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a spectral algorithm for solving the full nonlinear vacuum Einstein field equations in the Bondi framework. Developed within the Spectral Einstein Code (SpEC), we demonstrate spectral characteristic evolution as a technical precursor to Cauchy Characteristic Extraction (CCE), a rigorous method for obtaining gauge-invariant gravitational waveforms from existing and future astrophysical simulations. We demonstrate the new algorithm's stability, convergence, and agreement with existing evolution methods. We explain how an innovative spectral approach enables a two orders of magnitude improvement in computational efficiency.

  18. Comparison of pressure-saturation characteristics derived from computed tomography and lattice Boltzmann simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wildenschild, Dorthe

    Comparison of pressure-saturation characteristics derived from computed tomography and lattice), Comparison of pressure-saturation characteristics derived from computed tomography and lattice Boltzmann

  19. Characteristics of meteorological parameters associated with Hurricane Isabel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Ramesh P.

    Characteristics of meteorological parameters associated with Hurricane Isabel R. Gautam, G. Cervone-sea interactions associated with Hurricane Isabel, which landed on the east coast of the United States on September 18, 2003. Hurricane Isabel is considered to be one of the most significant and severe tropical

  20. Radiation Characteristics of Tunable Graphennas in the Terahertz Band

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    ,chigrin}@uni-wuppertal.de, jmjornet@ece.gatech.edu, lemme@kth.se, eduard.alarcon@upc.edu Abstract. Graphene-enabled wireless nanosys- tems. Indeed, graphene-based plasmonic nano-antennas, or graphennas, just a few micrometers, the important role of the graphene con- ductivity in the characteristics of graphennas is analyzed

  1. Spectral background and transmission characteristics of fiber optic imaging bundles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gmitro, Arthur F.

    Spectral background and transmission characteristics of fiber optic imaging bundles Joshua Anthony August 2008 The emission and transmission properties of three commercially produced coherent fiber optic optical fibers are used in many imaging applications to allow the flexible relay of image planes over

  2. Characteristics of Aluminum Biosorption by Sargassum fluitans Biomass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volesky, Bohumil

    Characteristics of Aluminum Biosorption by Sargassum fluitans Biomass Hak Sung Lee1, * and Bohumil3A 2B2, Canada Abstract: Biomass of nonliving brown seaweed Sargassum fluitans pretreated.5. There are indications that the biomass hydroxyl groups were involved in sequestering the aluminum in the form

  3. Ris-R-1299(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Laboratory Kurt S. Hansen MEK, DTU Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde November 2001 #12;IEA Annex XVII, Database on Wind Characteristics - Structure and Philosophy Abstract The main objective of IEA R of IEA R&D Annex XVII falls in three separate parts. Part one deals with the overall structure

  4. Economic and Social Characteristics of Small Boat Fishing in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mariana Islands Justin Hospital Courtney Beavers May 2014 Administrative Report H-14-02 #12;About(s). Administrative Reports may be cited as follows: Hospital, J., C. Beavers. May 2014. Economic and Social and Social Characteristics of Small Boat Fishing in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Justin

  5. STUDY OF RADIOACTIVE IMPURITIES IN SOLIDS PART ONE : RADIATION CHARACTERISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    285 STUDY OF RADIOACTIVE IMPURITIES IN SOLIDS PART ONE : RADIATION CHARACTERISTICS F. HARTMANN problem of the emission of radiation by radioactive nuclei is usually treated in a very general form for the computation of relaxation and radiofrequency effects. LE JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE TOME 33, FÃ?VRIER-MARS 1972

  6. Isolation of stimulus characteristics contributing to Weber's law for position

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Isolation of stimulus characteristics contributing to Weber's law for position David Whitaker a transition between the scales that determine threshold results in the continuum known as Weber's law; Vernier acuity; Weber's law 1. Introduction The ability to accurately and veridically locate objects

  7. G 2 MANIFOLDS WITH PARALLEL CHARACTERISTIC TORSION THOMAS FRIEDRICH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedrich, Thomas

    these spaces admit a metric connec­ tion # c with totally skew­symmetric torsion and a spinor field #1 solvingG 2 ­MANIFOLDS WITH PARALLEL CHARACTERISTIC TORSION THOMAS FRIEDRICH Abstract. We classify 7­dimensional cocalibrated G2­manifolds with parallel char­ acteristic torsion and non­abelian holonomy. All

  8. RESEARCH Open Access Pavement crack characteristic detection based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joensuu, University of

    RESEARCH Open Access Pavement crack characteristic detection based on sparse representation Xiaoming Sun1 , Jianping Huang1 , Wanyu Liu1* and Mantao Xu2 Abstract Pavement crack detection plays an important role in pavement maintaining and management. The three- dimensional (3D) pavement crack detection

  9. The GHS Attack in odd Characteristic March 24, 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diem, Claus

    The GHS Attack in odd Characteristic Claus Diem March 24, 2003 Abstract The GHS attack is originally an approach to attack the discrete- logarithm problem (DLP) in the group of rational points. In this article we give a generalization of the attack to degree 0 class groups of (hyper-)elliptic curves over

  10. EFFECTIVE TENSILE STRESS-STRAIN CHARACTERISTICS FOR REINFORCED CONCRETE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EFFECTIVE TENSILE STRESS-STRAIN CHARACTERISTICS FOR REINFORCED CONCRETE L. Hwang, Graduate Student of reinforced concrete structures, the concrete continues to contribute to the effective stiffness of structures for reinforced concrete developed for analysis of reinforced and/or prestressed concrete structures. The model

  11. Demographic characteristics of southern flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma, harvested by an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharf, Fred

    -level effects and negatively affect long-term fishery yield. K E Y W O R D S : age structure, fishing practices are captured in stationary gillnets and pound nets. Nearly all commercial harvest occurs in estuarine watersDemographic characteristics of southern flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma, harvested

  12. IT'S ABOUT TIME Characteristic times in biogeochemistry and climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Stephen E.

    , and then It falls to earth: Can you tell me when? Decision making on energy and climate change #12;Impulse responseIT'S ABOUT TIME Characteristic times in biogeochemistry and climate Stephen E. Schwartz Symposium on biogeochemical cycling and climate In honor of Henning Rodhe on the occasion of his retirement from the chair

  13. Effect of core structure irradiation on the RBMK neutron characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balygin, A. A., E-mail: balyg@dcnr.vver.kiae.ru; Krayushkin, A. V. [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of changes in the graphite density and fuel channel diameters on the RBMK neutron characteristics is estimated. It is shown that uncertainty of those quantities can lead to a noticeable difference between the calculated and experimental values of the steam coefficient of reactivity and the subcriticality of the reactor.

  14. Tanh cascode cell amplifier an arbitrary transfer characteristics amplifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    characteristic, which is highly desirable for analogue circuits such as power amplifiers, low-noise amplifiers technique that offers circuit designers more freedom to engineer various amplifiers TC to their needs but not the specific applications that would benefit from such capability. TCC amplifier: Fig. 2 shows the synthesis

  15. Influence of wind characteristics on turbine performance Ioannis Antoniou (1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Influence of wind characteristics on turbine performance Ioannis Antoniou (1) , Rozenn Wagner (1 (2) , Peder Enevoldsen (2) , Leo Thesbjerg (3) (1): Wind Energy Department, Risø): Siemens Wind Power (3): Vestas Wind Systems A/S Summary The uncertainty of power performance measurements

  16. VISCOSITY OF NEMATIC-CHIRAL MIXTURES AND THEIR ELECTROOPTICAL CHARACTERISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    VISCOSITY OF NEMATIC-CHIRAL MIXTURES AND THEIR ELECTROOPTICAL CHARACTERISTICS Z. M. ELASHVILI, M. D of Georgian SSR, Tbilisi 380086, S. Euli str. 5, USSR Abstract. -- We have measured the viscosity in mixtures that the increase of the viscosity at low additive concentration (Cm

  17. Institutional Scholarship Awards: The Role of Student and Institutional Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Don

    Institutional Scholarship Awards: The Role of Student and Institutional Characteristics Paper analyzes data from the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS) to examine the awarding are those of the author alone. © 2000, Donald E. Heller #12;Institutional Scholarship Awards: The Role

  18. INNOVATION IN AUTOMOTIVE TELEMATICS SERVICES: CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FIELD AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    INNOVATION IN AUTOMOTIVE TELEMATICS SERVICES: CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FIELD AND MANAGEMENT is a radical innovation for automotive industry. Therefore traditional design models, such as heavyweight, published in "Int. J. of Automotive Technology et Management 3, 1/2 (2003) 144-159" #12;2 communication

  19. Chaotic characteristics of corona discharges in atmospheric air

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tan Xiangyu; Zhang Qiaogen; Wang Xiuhuan; Sun Fu; Zha Wei; Jia Zhijie [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, 28 West Xianning Road, Xi'an 710049 (China)

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A point-plane electrode system in atmospheric air is established to investigate the mechanism of the corona discharge. By using this system, the current pulses of the corona discharges under the 50 Hz ac voltage are measured using partial discharge (PD) measurement instrument and constitute the point-plane voltage-current (V-I) characteristic equation together with the voltage. Then, this paper constructs the nonlinear circuit model and differential equations of the system in an attempt to give the underlying dynamic mechanism based on the nonlinear V-I characteristics of the point-plane corona discharges. The results show that the chaotic phenomenon is found in the corona circuit by the experimental study and nonlinear dynamic analysis. The basic dynamic characteristics, including the Lyapunov exponent, the existence of the strange attractors, and the equilibrium points, are also found and analyzed in the development process of the corona circuit. Moreover, the time series of the corona current pulses obtained in the experiment is used to demonstrate the chaotic characteristics of the corona current based on the nonlinear dynamic circuit theory and the experimental basis. It is pointed out that the corona phenomenon is not a purely stochastic phenomenon but a short term deterministic chaotic activity.

  20. accident characteristics: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    accident characteristics First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 guia accidents BSICA ...

  1. The effect of bacterial inoculum on the qualitative characteristics, ruminal degradability and PDI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the fermentation characteristics (lower content of acetic and butyric acids, large increase in lactic acid

  2. Evolution of Cyclone Characteristics The composite evolution of west and east Atlantic cyclone is likely to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dacre, Helen

    Evolution of Cyclone Characteristics The composite evolution of west and east Atlantic cyclone. The spatial distribution and evolution characteristics of North Atlantic cyclones. Mon. Wea. Rev. 137, 99 characteristics and the evolution of these characteristics are calculated in composite cyclones. Method · Cyclones

  3. Optical characteristics of a HgBr excilamp

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malinina, A A; Malinin, A N; Shuaibov, A K [Uzhgorod National University, Uzhgorod (Ukraine)

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical characteristics of a coaxial HgBr excilamp on multicomponent mercury dibromide vapour mixtures with helium, nitrogen and sulfur hexafluoride are investigated under pumping by a pulse-periodic barrier discharge. Stable excilamp operation was demonstrated at a pump pulse repetition rate of 3 – 9 kHz. The component composition of the working system was determined, which provides a maximal average and pulsed specific radiation power of 48.8 mW cm{sup -3} and 40.6 W cm{sup -3}, respectively, at the efficiency of 7.3 % in the blue-green spectral range with the maximal radiation intensity at the wavelength of 502 nm. The reduction in the radiation power after 2.5 × 10{sup 6} shots is 5 %. Interpretation is given for the results of optimisation of excilamp characteristics. (optical radiation sources)

  4. Strategies for the characteristic extraction of gravitational waveforms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babiuc, M. C. [Department of Physics, Marshall University, Huntington, West Virginia 25755 (United States); Bishop, N. T. [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of South Africa, Unisa 0003 (South Africa); Szilagyi, B. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut, 14476 Golm (Germany); Theoretical Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Winicour, J. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut, 14476 Golm (Germany); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States)

    2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop, test, and compare new numerical and geometrical methods for improving the accuracy of extracting waveforms using characteristic evolution. The new numerical method involves use of circular boundaries to the stereographic grid patches which cover the spherical cross sections of the outgoing null cones. We show how an angular version of numerical dissipation can be introduced into the characteristic code to damp the high frequency error arising form the irregular way the circular patch boundary cuts through the grid. The new geometric method involves use of the Weyl tensor component {psi}{sub 4} to extract the waveform as opposed to the original approach via the Bondi news function. We develop the necessary analytic and computational formula to compute the O(1/r) radiative part of {psi}{sub 4} in terms of a conformally compactified treatment of null infinity. These methods are compared and calibrated in test problems based upon linearized waves.

  5. Design characteristics for facilities which process hazardous particulate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abeln, S.P.; Creek, K.; Salisbury, S.

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Los Alamos National Laboratory is establishing a research and processing capability for beryllium. The unique properties of beryllium, including light weight, rigidity, thermal conductivity, heat capacity, and nuclear properties make it critical to a number of US defense and aerospace programs. Concomitant with the unique engineering properties are the health hazards associated with processing beryllium in a particulate form and the potential for worker inhalation of aerosolized beryllium. Beryllium has the lowest airborne standard for worker protection compared to all other nonradioactive metals by more than an order of magnitude. This paper describes the design characteristics of the new beryllium facility at Los Alamos as they relate to protection of the workforce. Design characteristics to be reviewed include; facility layout, support systems to minimize aerosol exposure and spread, and detailed review of the ventilation system design for general room air cleanliness and extraction of particulate at the source.

  6. Angular characteristics of a multimode fiber surface plasmon resonance sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Zhixin; Li, Xuejin; Chen, Yuzhi; Hong, Xueming; Fan, Ping

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper the angular characteristics of a multimode fiber SPR sensor are investigated theoretically. By separating the contributions of beams incident at different angles, a compact model is presented to predict the shift of the resonance wavelength with respect to the angle and the environmental refractive index. The result suggests that the performance of conventional fiber SPR sensors can be substantially improved by optimizing the incident angle.

  7. Energy dissipation characteristics of rubber crash cushion elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael Fowlkes

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abbreviation ~S1 1. Natural Rubber NR Regal Inter- national, Inc, Natural Rubber/ Butadiene Natural Rubber/ Ethylene-Propylene Natural Rubber/ Butyl Butyl Natural Rubber/ 204 Ethylene-Prop. Neoprene NR/BD NR/E PDM NR/ BU BU NR/20'EPDM NEO... OF SCIENCE December 1988 Major Subject: Civil Engineering ENERGY DISSIPATION CHARACTERISTICS OF RUBBER CRASH CUSHION ELEMENTS A Thesis by MICHAEL FOWLKES THOMPSON Approved as to style and content by: Paul N. Roschke (Chair of Committee) Hayes E. Ros...

  8. Effects of pavement surface characteristics and textures on skid resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomita, Hisao

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the relationship between the rate of decrea e in skid number caused by an increase in the sl idding speed and the total void 'area at the tire tread- pavemsnt interface, and (2) to determine the relationships between skid numbers and small-scale pa. vemcnt... textures combined with macro- texture parameters. Tire-pavement friction characteristics under various operating modes of the tire, field methods of measuring friction coefficients, nnd methods of measuring surface textures from the literature search...

  9. Morphological characteristics in relation to seed deterioration in sorghum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Eugene Bailey

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    background, maturity, and disease on seed deterioration was investigated in relation to the above morpholog- ical characteristics. Standard germination tests were conducted on seed harvested at three stages of maturity and on seed from the first... and second har- vests that had been artificially aged for five days at 45 C and 100/ relative humidity. A cold soil emergence test also was con- ducted on the seed from the first and second harvests. The percent of seed infected with fungi was determined...

  10. Controllable nonlinear refraction characteristics in hydrogenated nanocrystalline silicon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, D. Q.; Ye, Q. H.; Shen, W. Z., E-mail: wzshen@sjtu.edu.cn [Laboratory of Condensed Matter Spectroscopy and Opto-Electronic Physics, and Key Laboratory of Artificial Structures and Quantum Control (Ministry of Education), Department of Physics and Astronomy, and Institute of Solar Energy, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dong Chuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China); Su, W. A. [Faculty of Science, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, 86 Hong Qi Road, Ganzhou, Jiangxi 341000 (China)

    2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Nonlinear refraction (NLR) of hydrogenated nanocrystalline silicon (nc-Si:H) has been investigated through the close aperture Z-scan method. We demonstrate a significant NLR and a unique feature of controllable NLR characteristics between saturable and Kerr NLR with the incident photon energy. We numerically evaluate the proportion of these two mechanisms in different wavelengths by a modified NLR equation. The band tail of nc-Si:H appears to play a crucial role in such NLR responses.

  11. Power Signatures as Characteristics of Commercial and Related Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, M.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at many levels? Readers interested in collecting energy data for commercial buildings should consider this classification scheme as a starting point for or- ganizing data on physical characteristics to assist in making comparisons between buildings... aimed at providing equivalent information, and power signa- tures extend component analysis to allow comparisons of dif- ferent time steps. For both component analysis and power signatures (or other methods), development of an under- standing...

  12. Characteristics of rural bank acquisitions: a logit analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applewhite, Jennifer Lynn

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    interstate acquisition of their banks, the rate of acquisitions soared. In 1978, Maine enacted legislation permitting interstate banking on a reciprocal basis. Until mid-1982, Maine was the only state with such a law. In 1982, both New York and Alaska... of U. S. banks using comparative performance profiles and logit analysis. Characteristics of acquired and acquiring banks are compared for five years before the acquisitions and found to have significantly different rates of return on assets...

  13. Characteristics of the cecal microflora during colic in the equine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goode, Richard Lynn

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    there is increased time for fermentation resulting in the production of excess gases and toxins, as well as a greater opportunity for absorption. The cycle continues with one consequence stimulating another repeatedly and the animal becoming more depressed... by the ventral colon, and the least cellulose digestion in the lower intestine occurred in the dorsal colon. Even though it is established that the horse depends on a fermentation type of digestion, little work has been done defining characteristics...

  14. Identification of airfoil characteristics for optimum wind turbine performance / b 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Leonard Scott

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with a performance optimization routine was used to perform the analyses. The relationship between airfoil lift and drag characteristics and turbine performance was determined and discussed. High lift and low drag was found to improve, respectively..., the low and high tip speed ratio power output of the tur bine. An investigation using the NACA 63 series family showed that airfoils with 12 to 15 percent thickness should generate good performance over a broad range of tip speed ratios. iv...

  15. Role of site characteristics in coal gasification. [Hanna, Wyoming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bader, B.E.; Glass, R.E.

    1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field test data for a series of four underground coal gasification tests (UCG) at a site near Hanna, Wyoming are presented. Results of these field tests were combined with modeling efforts to identify site selective parameters broadly identified as the flow and mechanical properties of a coal seam that can help determine the degree to which any UCG test would be successful. Specifically, the characteristics shown to be important are concluded to be: (1) permeability structure and mobile water, which play a crucial role in determining air flow paths; (2) high permeability zones at midstream and above to act as the primary air flow path; (3) spacing of injection and production wells can be varied to enhance the chance of keeping the air flow paths low in the coal seam; (4) completion of the process wells in a manner that minimizes neighboring permeability inhibits the chance of override; (5) the orthotropic permeability of coal improve UCG results; (6) thermochemical properties of coal are important with respect to the manner of combustion front propogation; and (7) heating will result in stress dependent anisotropic strength characteristics of the coal. Other properties characteristic of a given coal, petrographic constitutents of a coal, chemistry of combustion and the in situ stress distribution are also pointed out as significant factors to be considered in the most efficient use of UCG technique. 14 references, (BLM)

  16. Characteristics and development report for the MC3573 thermal battery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Street, H.K.

    1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the design intent, product characteristics, and development history of the MC3573 high-current, electrically activated thermal battery. This battery is required to operate five to six times longer than the usual weapon system power battery. The MC3573 employs the Li(Si)/LiCl.KCl/FeS/sub 2/ electrochemical system. The battery is a right-circular cylinder with attached mounting brackets. It measures 122.1 mm in length, 88.9 mm in diameter, and stands 96.2 mm high. The battery is the power supply for the W81 and W85 JTA telemetry systems.

  17. Dynamical switching characteristics of a bistable injection laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lau, K.Y.; Harder, C.; Yariv, A.

    1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The switching characteristics of a bistable injection laser with very large hysteresis is examined. Switch-on delays are shown to exhibit a ''critical'' part and a ''noncritical'' part, both of which can be reduced by increasing the overdrive current. It is possible to obtain fairly fast switching time (<20 ns) with a strong overdrive. Nominal delays of 100--200 ns result under moderate overdrives. These long time scales are due to long carrier lifetimes in the carrier-depleted absorption section, a property intrinsic to these bistable injection lasers.

  18. Optical Absorption Characteristics of Silicon Nanowires for Photovoltaic Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parkash, Vidur

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar cells have generated a lot of interest as a potential source of clean renewable energy for the future. However a big bottleneck in wide scale deployment of these energy sources remain the low efficiency of these conversion devices. Recently the use of nanostructures and the strategy of quantum confinement have been as a general approach towards better charge carrier generation and capture. In this article we have presented calculations on the optical characteristics of nanowires made out of Silicon. Our calculations show these nanowires form excellent optoelectronic materials and may yield efficient photovoltaic devices.

  19. Optical system for determining physical characteristics of a solar cell

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention provides an improved optical system for determining the physical characteristics of a solar cell. The system comprises a lamp means for projecting light in a wide solid-angle onto the surface of the cell; a chamber for receiving the light through an entrance port, the chamber having an interior light absorbing spherical surface, an exit port for receiving a beam of light reflected substantially normal to the cell, a cell support, and an lower aperture for releasing light into a light absorbing baffle; a means for dispersing the reflection into monochromatic components; a means for detecting an intensity of the components; and a means for reporting the determination.

  20. Seed Production Characteristics of Some Introduced Warm-Season Grasses.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Ethan C.

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -63 Forage production1 Ssed production2 1961 1962 1963 Accession or variety Species 1961 1962 1963 Percent Percent ~eave.' pounds Pounds seed Pounds Pretoria 90 Dicanthium annulatum 3.4 1.5 2.6 27.1 90 8 4 2 11.7 70 Medio Dicanthium caricosum .9 .6 1... production characteristics, ;Ire numerous members of the introtluced bluestems, ey)e(i;~lly members of the Dicnnthizlm complex. Some nl (llcse include Medio, Pretoria 90, Angleton and li1ebe1.g bluestems. Kleingrass, Panicum coloratum, i5 anotller...

  1. Characteristic Lyapunov vectors in chaotic time-delayed systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diego Pazó; Juan M. López

    2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute Lyapunov vectors (LVs) corresponding to the largest Lyapunov exponents in delay-differential equations with large time delay. We find that characteristic LVs, and backward (Gram-Schmidt) LVs, exhibit long-range correlations, identical to those already observed in dissipative extended systems. In addition we give numerical and theoretical support to the hypothesis that the main LV belongs, under a suitable transformation, to the universality class of the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation. These facts indicate that in the large delay limit (an important class of) delayed equations behave exactly as dissipative systems with spatiotemporal chaos.

  2. Phantom Friedmann Cosmologies and Higher-Order Characteristics of Expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mariusz P. Dabrowski; Tomasz Stachowiak

    2005-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss a more general class of phantom ($p -1$) matter. We show that many types of evolution which include both Big-Bang and Big-Rip singularities are admitted and give explicit examples. Among some interesting models, there exist non-singular oscillating (or "bounce") cosmologies, which appear due to a competition between positive and negative pressure of variety of matter content. From the point of view of the current observations the most interesting cosmologies are the ones which start with a Big-Bang and terminate at a Big-Rip. A related consequence of having a possibility of two types of singularities is that there exists an unstable static universe approached by the two asymptotic models - one of them reaches Big-Bang, and another reaches Big-Rip. We also give explicit relations between density parameters $\\Omega$ and the dynamical characteristics for these generalized phantom models, including higher-order observational characteristics such as jerk and "kerk". Finally, we discuss the observational quantities such as luminosity distance, angular diameter, and source counts, both in series expansion and explicitly, for phantom models. Our series expansion formulas for the luminosity distance and the apparent magnitude go as far as to the fourth-order in redshift $z$ term, which includes explicitly not only the jerk, but also the "kerk" (or "snap") which may serve as an indicator of the curvature of the universe.

  3. A review of dynamic characteristics of magnetically levitated vehicle systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cai, Y.; Chen, S.S.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamic response of magnetically levitated (maglev) ground transportation systems has important consequences for safety and ride quality, guideway design, and system costs. Ride quality is determined by vehicle response and by environmental factors such as humidity and noise. The dynamic response of the vehicles is the key element in determining ride quality, while vehicle stability is an important safety-related element. To design a guideway that provides acceptable ride quality in the stable region, vehicle dynamics must be understood. Furthermore, the trade-off between guideway smoothness and levitation and control systems must be considered if maglev systems are to be economically feasible. The link between the guideway and the other maglev components is vehicle dynamics. For a commercial maglev system, vehicle dynamics must be analyzed and tested in detail. This report, which reviews various aspects of the dynamic characteristics, experiments and analysis, and design guidelines for maglev systems, discusses vehicle stability, motion dependent magnetic force components, guideway characteristics, vehicle/ guideway interaction, ride quality, suspension control laws, aerodynamic loads and other excitations, and research needs.

  4. Mechanical properties and energy absorption characteristics of a polyurethane foam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goods, S.H.; Neuschwanger, C.L.; Henderson, C.; Skala, D.M.

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tension, compression and impact properties of a polyurethane encapsulant foam have been measured as a function of foam density. Significant differences in the behavior of the foam were observed depending on the mode of testing. Over the range of densities examined, both the modulus and the elastic collapse stress of the foam exhibited power-law dependencies with respect to density. The power-law relationship for the modulus was the same for both tension and compression testing and is explained in terms of the elastic compliance of the cellular structure of the foam using a simple geometric model. Euler buckling is used to rationalize the density dependence of the collapse stress. Neither tension nor compression testing yielded realistic measurements of energy absorption (toughness). In the former case, the energy absorption characteristics of the foam were severely limited due to the inherent lack of tensile ductility. In the latter case, the absence of a failure mechanism led to arbitrary measures of energy absorption that were not indicative of true material properties. Only impact testing revealed an intrinsic limitation in the toughness characteristics of the material with respect to foam density. The results suggest that dynamic testing should be used when assessing the shock mitigating qualities of a foam.

  5. Kinetic Modeling of Combustion Characteristics of Real Biodiesel Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naik, C V; Westbrook, C K

    2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Biodiesel fuels are of much interest today either for replacing or blending with conventional fuels for automotive applications. Predicting engine effects of using biodiesel fuel requires accurate understanding of the combustion characteristics of the fuel, which can be acquired through analysis using reliable detailed reaction mechanisms. Unlike gasoline or diesel that consists of hundreds of chemical compounds, biodiesel fuels contain only a limited number of compounds. Over 90% of the biodiesel fraction is composed of 5 unique long-chain C{sub 18} and C{sub 16} saturated and unsaturated methyl esters. This makes modeling of real biodiesel fuel possible without the need for a fuel surrogate. To this end, a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism has been developed for determining the combustion characteristics of a pure biodiesel (B100) fuel, applicable from low- to high-temperature oxidation regimes. This model has been built based on reaction rate rules established in previous studies at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Computed results are compared with the few fundamental experimental data that exist for biodiesel fuel and its components. In addition, computed results have been compared with experimental data for other long-chain hydrocarbons that are similar in structure to the biodiesel components.

  6. A simulation model for generation of aquifer characteristics and contaminant concentrations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deena, Jayaram

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    simulation model was developed to generate aquifer characteristics such as hydraulic conductivity, porosity and organic carbon content. The variability of aquifer characteristics is represented by the fields generated using the simulation model. Random...

  7. NANO EXPRESS A Study on Field Emission Characteristics of Planar Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Eui-Hyeok

    NANO EXPRESS A Study on Field Emission Characteristics of Planar Graphene Layers Obtained from on field emission characteristics of individual graphene layers for vacuum nanoelectronics. Graphene layers enabled electric con- nection with the graphene layers without postfabrication. The maximum emitted

  8. Freight Distribution Tours in Congested Urban Areas: Characteristics and Implications for Carriers' Operations and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    trip generation, distribution, or network assignment are scant or nonexistent [1]. ConfidentialityFreight Distribution Tours in Congested Urban Areas: Characteristics and Implications for Carriers;FREIGHT DISTRIBUTION TOURS IN CONGESTED URBAN AREAS: CHARACTERISTICS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR CARRIERS

  9. Lightning location characteristics and vertical structure analysis of isolated storm cells in the TOGA COARE region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnaby, Stephen Andrew

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    producing storm cells, and non-lightning producing cells over the tropical oceans. The characteristics of lightning locations with respect to radar reflectivity were also examined. Lightning characteristics of flashes associated with TOGA COARE storm cells...

  10. Literature Review of Airflow Fluid Characteristics and their Impact on Human Thermal Comfort 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, R.; Zhang, Y.; Yu, N.; Di, H.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The fluctuant characteristics of natural wind and mechanical wind are obviously different. However, the fluctuant characteristics of mechanical wind can shift to those of natural wind in some conditions. With the development of turbulence statistical theory...

  11. Distribution and Characteristics of Dentists Licensed to Practice in California, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Gina; Pourat, Nadereh

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fact Sheet June 2009 Distribution and Characteristics ofADA Survey Center. Distribution of Dentists in the United

  12. OBSERVATION OF FLOW CHARACTERISTICS IN A MODEL I.C. ENGINE CYLINDER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishikawa, N.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Characteristics in an Internal Combustion Engine Cylinder,lIWalls of an Internal Combustion Engine," Sixth Symposium (

  13. Simulation of the frequency dispersion of effective dielectric characteristics of composite materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yakovlev, V. B.; Bardushkin, V. V.; Lavrov, I. V., E-mail: iglavr@mail.ru; Yakovleva, E. N. [National Research University of Electronic Technology (MIET) (Russian Federation)

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The problems of calculating the effective dielectric characteristics of polycrystalline materials are considered taking into account the frequency dependence of the characteristics of individual components. The effective characteristics of ceramics such as lead zirconate-titanate with titanium and zirconium oxide, metal lead, and water inclusions are calculated in the Maxwell-Garnett and Bruggeman approximations. The dependences of the effective dielectric characteristics on the inclusion concentration and applied electromagnetic-field frequency are obtained.

  14. 1995 solid waste 30-year characteristics volume summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Templeton, K.J.; DeForest, T.J.; Rice, G.I. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Valero, O.J. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hanford Site has been designated by the US Department of Energy (DOE) to store, treat, and dispose of solid waste received from both onsite and offsite generators. This waste is currently or planned to be generated from ongoing operations, maintenance and deactivation activities, decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) of facilities, and environmental restoration (ER) activities. This document, prepared by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) under the direction of Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC), describes the characteristics of the waste to be shipped to Hanford`s SWOC. The physical waste forms and hazardous constituents are described for the low-level mixed waste (LLMW) and the transuranic - transuranic mixed waste (TW{underscore}TRUM).

  15. Characteristics of mercury desorption from sorbents at elevated temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ho, T.C.; Yang, P.; Kuo, T.H.; Hopper, J.R. [Lamar Univ., Beaumont, TX (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering] [Lamar Univ., Beaumont, TX (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This study investigated the dynamic desorption characteristics of mercury during the thermal treatment of mercury-loaded sorbents at elevated temperatures under fixed-bed operations. Experiments were carried out in a 25.4 mm ID quartz bed enclosed in an electric furnace. Elemental mercury and mercuric chloride were tested with activated carbon and bauxite. The experimental results indicated that mercury desorption from sorbents was strongly affected by the desorption temperature and the mercury-sorbent pair. Elemental mercury was observed to desorb faster than mercuric chloride and activated carbon appeared to have higher desorption limits than bauxite at low temperatures. A kinetic model considering the mechanisms of surface equilibrium, pore diffusion and external mass transfer was proposed to simulate the observed desorption profiles. The model was found to describe reasonably well the experimental results.

  16. Dependence of plasma characteristics on dc magnetron sputter parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, S.Z. [Recording Media Operation, Seagate Technology, 47010 Kato Road, Fremont, California 94538 (United States)

    2005-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Plasma discharge characteristics of a dc magnetron system were measured by a single Langmuir probe at the center axis of the dual-side process chamber. Plasma potential, floating potential, electron and ion densities, and electron temperature were extracted with varying dc power and gas pressure during sputter deposition of a metal target; strong correlations were shown between these plasma parameters and the sputter parameters. The electron density was controlled mostly by secondary electron generation in constant power mode, while plasma potential reflects the confinement space variation due to change of discharge voltage. When discharge pressure was varied, plasma density increases with the increased amount of free stock molecules, while electron temperature inversely decreased, due to energy-loss collision events. In low-pressure discharges, the electron energy distribution function measurements show more distinctive bi-Maxwellian distribution, with the fast electron temperature gradually decreases with increased gas pressure.

  17. Distributed utility technology cost, performance, and environmental characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wan, Y.; Adelman, S.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Distributed Utility (DU) is an emerging concept in which modular generation and storage technologies sited near customer loads in distribution systems and specifically targeted demand-side management programs are used to supplement conventional central station generation plants to meet customer energy service needs. Research has shown that implementation of the DU concept could provide substantial benefits to utilities. This report summarizes the cost, performance, and environmental and siting characteristics of existing and emerging modular generation and storage technologies that are applicable under the DU concept. It is intended to be a practical reference guide for utility planners and engineers seeking information on DU technology options. This work was funded by the Office of Utility Technologies of the US Department of Energy.

  18. The electrical and lumen output characteristics of an RF lamp

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alexandrovich, B.M.; Godyak, V.A.; Piejak, R.B. [Osram Sylvania Inc., Beverly, MA (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Low pressure rf discharges have been studied for over a century. Their first practical application for lighting was proposed by Tesla in 1891. Since then hundreds of patents have been published attempting to implement rf lighting. However, progress in understanding rf discharge phenomena (mostly driven by plasma processing needs) and dramatic improvement in the performance/cost ratio of rf power sources have recently opened the door for development of rf light sources. Today commercial inductively coupled electrodeless lamps are offered by Matsuhita, Philips and GE. In this work the authors present measurements of the electrical characteristics and lumen output from a 2.65 MHz driven inductively coupled light source. Measurements were made on a spherical lamp of 3.125 inch diameter with a re-entrant cavity that houses a cylindrical ferrite core around which is wrapped the primary coil.

  19. Characteristics of Sn segregation in Ge/GeSn heterostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, H.; Chang, C.; Chen, T. P.; Cheng, H. H., E-mail: hhcheng@ntu.edu.tw [Center for Condensed Matter Sciences and Graduate Institute of Electronics Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Shi, Z. W.; Chen, H. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

    2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We report an investigation of Sn segregation in Ge/GeSn heterostructures occurred during the growth by molecular beam epitaxy. The measured Sn profile in the Ge layer shows that: (a) the Sn concentration decreases rapidly near the Ge/GeSn interface, and (b) when moving away from the interface, the Sn concentration reduced with a much slower rate. The 1/e decay lengths of the present system are much longer than those of the conventional group IV system of Ge segregation in the Si overlayer because of the smaller kinetic potential as modeled by a self-limited two-state exchange scheme. The demonstration of the Sn segregation shows the material characteristics of the heterostructure, which are needed for the investigation of its optical properties.

  20. Characteristic nonlinear electromagnetic response of a Dirac Ring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ching Hua Lee; Xiao Zhang; Bochen Guan

    2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent theoretical development and experimental realizations of materials with exotic bandstructures have opened up new possibilities for engineering applications. One is the possibility of nonlinear electromagnetic devices based on specially designed bandstructure, which is highly sought after for applications like frequency upconversion. Indeed, there has been intense interest in the nonlinear response of graphene, whose linear dispersion lead to purportedly strong frequency multiplication properties. In this work, we theoretically study the nonlinear response of Dirac Ring systems, which we show has a much more exotic characteristic response that remains robust in the presence of finite temperature, chemical potential, mass gap and impurity scattering. Such systems have been experimentally realized in thin films of Bi2Se3 topological insulators. Our results are expected to hold qualitatively even in the absence of a strictly linear Dirac dispersion, as will be the case in more generic samples of Bi2Se3, HgTe quantum wells etc.

  1. Classification of fossil fuels according to structural-chemical characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A.M. Gyul'maliev; G.S. Golovin; S.G. Gagarin [Institute for Fossil Fuels, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    On the basis of a set of linear equations that relate the amount of major elements n{sub E} (E = C, H, O, N, S) in the organic matter of fossil fuels to structural characteristics, such as the number of cycles R, the number of atoms n{sub E}, the number of mutual chemical bonds, the degree of unsaturation of the structure {delta}, and the extent of its reduction B, a structural-chemical classification of fossil coals that is closely related to the parameters of the industrial-genetic classification (GOST 25543-88) is proposed. Structural-chemical classification diagrams are constructed for power-generating coals of Russia; coking coals; and coals designed for nonfuel purposes including the manufacture of adsorbents, synthetic liquid fuel, ion exchangers, thermal graphite, and carbon-graphite materials.

  2. Delayed Neutron and Delayed Photon Characteristics from Photofission of Actinides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dore, D.; Berthoumieux, E.; Leprince, A.; Ridikas, D. [DSM/IRFUS/PhN, CEA/Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, F-91191 (France); Ledoux, X. [CEA/DAM/DIF, Arpajon, F-91297 (France); Agelou, M.; Carrel, F.; Gmar, M. [CEA, LIST, Gif-sur-Yvette, F-91191 (France)

    2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Delayed neutron (DN) and delayed photon (DP) emissions from photofission reactions play an important role for applications involving nuclear material detection and characterization. To provide new, accurate, basic nuclear data for evaluations and data libraries, an experimental programme of DN and DP measurements has been undertaken for actinides with bremsstrahlung endpoint energy in the giant resonance region ({approx}15 MeV). In this paper, the experimental setup and the data analysis method will be described. Experimental results for DN and DP characteristics will be presented for {sup 232}Th, {sup 235,238}U, {sup 237}Np, and {sup 239}Pu. Finally, an example of an application to study the contents of nuclear waste packages will be briefly discussed.

  3. Analysis of characteristic of microwave regeneration for diesel particulate filter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ning Zhi; Zhang Guanglong; Lu Yong; Liu Junmin; Gao Xiyan; Liang Iunhui; Chen Jiahua [Dalian Univ. of Technology (China)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The mathematical model for the microwave regeneration of diesel particulate filter is proposed according to the characteristic of microwave regeneration process. The model is used to calculate the temperature field, distribution of particulate and density field of oxygen in the filter during the process of regeneration with typical ceramic foam particulate filter data. The parametric study demonstrates how some of the main parameters, such as microwave attenuation constant of the filter, filter particulate loading, the power and distribution of microwave energy and so on, affect the efficiency of regeneration, the maximum filter temperature and regeneration duration. The results show that it is possible to regenerate the diesel particulate filters in certain conditions by using microwave energy. This paper can give one a whole understanding to several main factors that have effects on the process of microwave regeneration and provide a theoretical basis for the optimal design of the microwave regeneration system.

  4. Correlations in Characteristic Data of Concentrator Photovoltaics (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweet, C.; Bosco, N.; Kurtz, S.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study is motivated by a reported 1-2% infant mortality rate in concentrator photovoltaic cell assemblies. Approximately 650 bare III-V multi-junction PV cells were initially characterized via electroluminescence imaging and both light and dark current-voltage responses were recorded. The cells were then packaged into receivers and their IV response again evaluated both before and after an outdoor high concentration exposure of at least four hours above 750 DNI. Correlations exist between the initial dark IV characteristic and artifacts found in the EL image. Initial results also suggest that artifacts observed in the bare cell may serve as an indicator for early on-sun degradation, though may not be able to predict the infant mortality population.

  5. Characteristics of the Receptor for the Biosphere Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. Wasiolek; K. Rautenstrauch

    2004-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This analysis report is one of a series of technical reports that document the Environmental Radiation Model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (ERMYN), a biosphere model supporting the total system performance assessment (TSPA) for the geologic repository at Yucca Mountain. This report is one of the five biosphere reports that develop input parameter values for the biosphere model. The ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) describes the conceptual model, as well as the mathematical model and its input parameters. Figure 1-1 is a graphical representation of the documentation hierarchy for the ERMYN. This figure shows relationships among the products (i.e., scientific analyses and model reports) developed for biosphere modeling and biosphere abstraction products for TSPA, as identified in the ''Technical Work Plan: for Biosphere Modeling and Expert Support'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169573]). The purpose of this analysis report is to define values for biosphere model parameters that are related to the dietary, lifestyle, and dosimetric characteristics of the receptor. The biosphere model, consistent with the licensing rule at 10 CFR Part 63 [DIRS 156605], uses a hypothetical person called the reasonably maximally exposed individual (RMEI) to represent the potentially exposed population. The parameters that define the RMEI are based on the behaviors and characteristics of the residents of the unincorporated town of Amargosa Valley, consistent with the requirements of 10 CFR 63.312 [DIRS 156605]. The output of this report is used as direct input in the two analyses identified in Figure 1-1 that calculate the values of biosphere dose conversion factors (BDCFs) for the groundwater and volcanic ash exposure scenarios. The parameter values developed in this report are reflected in the TSPA through the BDCFs. The analysis was performed in accordance with AP-SIII.9Q, ''Scientific Analyses'', and the technical work plan (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169573]).

  6. Alexandria fluidized-bed process-development plant: bubble characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies at DOE's Alexandria Atmospheric Fluidized-Bed Combustion (AFBC) Process Development Unit (PDU) have involved experimental verifications of predictions from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Coal AFBC Systems Model. Although Model predictions were quite accurate in many instances, there appeared to be several significant discrepancies between predicted values and association experimental data from the 3' x 3' (nominal) combustor at Alexandria. Experimental work at Alexandria related to the MIT Model was initiated in 1980. Readers should consult previous reports for an evaluation of the Model and a comparison between the Model predictions and Alexandria experimental data. As a result of these studies, a number of information gaps within the Model's database were identified, primarily related to the fluid dynamics submodel, which might account for some of the discrepancies noted. In an attempt to support further development and calibration of the MIT Model, facilities at the Alexandria PDU were committed to providing experimental data to alleviate some of the information gaps. The specific information gap focused upon during the period of January to August 1982 involved the bubble growth submodel within the fluid dynamics portion. The specific objective involved a series of tests designed to measure bubble characteristics within both cold and hot beds. Measurements were made under a variety of different conditions. The insights gained from the bubble characteristic related testing have been passed on to DOE and MIT, and used as the basis for implementing additional model refinements. Additional model verification activity is being carried out by DOE/METC. It is recognized that additional work will be necessary for the FBC Model to achieve the goal of being a useful aid for boiler designers.

  7. Distribution of characteristics of LWR [light water reactor] spent fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reich, W.J.; Notz, K.J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA); Moore, R.S. [Automated Sciences Group, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (USA)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to develop a collective description of the entire spent fuel inventory in terms of various fuel properties relevant to Approved Testing Materials (ATMs) using information available from the Characteristics Data Base (CBD), which is sponsored by the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management. A number of light-water reactor (LWR) characteristics were analyzed including assembly class representation, fuel burnup, enrichment, fuel fabrication data, defective fuel quantities, and, at PNL`s specific request, linear heat generation rate (LHGR) and the utilization of burnable poisons. A quantitative relationships was developed between burnup and enrichment for BWRs and PWRs. The relationship shows that the existing BWR ATM is near the center of the burnup-enrichment distribution, while the four PWR ATMs bracket the center of the burnup range but are on the low side of the enrichment range. Fuel fabrication data are based on vendor specifications for new fuel. Defective fuel distributions were analyzed in terms of assembly class and vendor design. LHGR values were calculated from utility data on burnup and effective full-power days; these calculations incorporate some unavoidable assumptions which may compromise the value of the results. Only a limited amount of data are available on burnable poisons at this time. Based on this distribution study, suggestions for additional ATMs are made. These are based on the class and design concepts and include BWR/2,3 barrier fuel, and the WE 17 {times} 17 class with integral burnable poison. Both should be at relatively high burnups. 16 refs., 5 figs., 15 tabs.

  8. Characteristics of the Receptor for the Biosphere Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.A. Wasiolek; K.R. Rautenstrauch

    2003-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This analysis report is one of the technical reports containing documentation of the Environmental Radiation Model for Yucca Mountain Nevada (ERMYN), a biosphere model supporting the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) for the geologic repository at Yucca Mountain. A graphical representation of the documentation hierarchy for the ERMYN is presented in Figure 1-1. This figure shows relationships among the products (i.e., analysis and model reports) developed for biosphere modeling and biosphere abstraction products for TSPA, as identified in the ''Technical Work Plan: for Biosphere Modeling and Expert Support'' (TWP) (BSC 2003). Some documents identified in Figure 1-1 may be under development and not available at the time this report is issued. This figure is included to provide an understanding of how this analysis report contributes to biosphere modeling in support of the license application, and access to the listed documents is not required to understand the contents of this report. This report is one of the reports that develop input parameter values for the biosphere model. The ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2003), describes the conceptual model as well as the mathematical model and its input parameters. The purpose of this analysis report is to define values for biosphere model parameters that are related to the dietary, lifestyle, and dosimetric characteristics of the receptor. The biosphere model, consistent with the licensing rule at 10 CFR Part 63, uses a hypothetical person called the reasonably maximally exposed individual (RMEI) to represent the potentially exposed population. The parameters that define the RMEI are based on the behaviors and characteristics of the Amargosa Valley population, consistent with the requirements of 10 CFR 63.312. Amargosa Valley is the community, located in the direction of the projected groundwater flow path, where most of the farming in the area occurs. The parameter values developed in this report support the biosphere model and are reflected in the TSPA through the biosphere dose conversion factors (BDCFs). The analysis was performed in accordance with the TWP (BSC 2003). This analysis supports the treatment of fourteen features, events, and processes (FEPs) applicable to the reference biosphere (DTN: MO0303SEPFEPS2.000) and addressed in the biosphere model (BSC 2003). The treatment of these FEPs in the biosphere model is described in the ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2003, Section 6.2). The parameters developed in this report and the related FEPs are listed in Table 1-1.

  9. Characteristics of the Receptor for the Biosphere Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M.A. Wasiolek

    2005-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This analysis report is one of a series of technical reports that document the Environmental Radiation Model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (ERMYN), a biosphere model supporting the total system performance assessment (TSPA) for the geologic repository at Yucca Mountain. This report is one of the five biosphere reports that develop input parameter values for the biosphere model. The ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) describes the conceptual model, as well as the mathematical model and its input parameters. Figure 1-1 is a graphical representation of the documentation hierarchy for the ERMYN. This figure shows relationships among the products (i.e., scientific analyses and model reports) developed for biosphere modeling and biosphere abstraction products for TSPA, as identified in the ''Technical Work Plan for Biosphere Modeling and Expert Support'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 172782]). The purpose of this analysis report is to define values for biosphere model parameters that are related to the dietary, lifestyle, and dosimetric characteristics of the receptor. The biosphere model, consistent with the licensing rule at 10 CFR Part 63 [DIRS 173164], uses a hypothetical person called the reasonably maximally exposed individual (RMEI) to represent the potentially exposed population. The parameters that define the RMEI are based on the behaviors and characteristics of the residents of the unincorporated town of Amargosa Valley, consistent with the requirements of 10 CFR 63.312 [DIRS 173164]. The output of this report is used as direct input in the two analyses identified in Figure 1-1 that calculate the values of biosphere dose conversion factors (BDCFs) for the groundwater and volcanic ash exposure scenarios. The parameter values developed in this report are reflected in the TSPA through the BDCFs. The analysis was performed in accordance with LP-SIII.9Q-BSC, ''Scientific Analyses'', and the technical work plan (BSC 2005 [DIRS 172782]). The scope of the revision was to develop dosimetric input parameters for the biosphere model that are consistent with the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Publication 72 (ICRP 1996 [DIRS 152446]). The quantities developed previously (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169671]), which reflect the ICRP Publication 30 dosimetric methods (ICRP 30) (ICRP 1979 [DIRS 110386]; ICRP 1980 [DIRS 110351]; ICRP 1981 [DIRS 110352]) were not changed and were retained in this report.

  10. Antenna system characteristic and solar radio burst observation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Sha; Chen, Zhijun; Wang, Wei; Liu, Donghao

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chinese Spectral Radio Heliograph (CSRH) is an advanced aperture synthesis solar radio heliograph, developed by National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences independently. It consists of 100 reflector antennas, which are grouped into two antenna arrays (CSRH-I and CSRH-II) for low and high frequency bands respectively. The frequency band of CSRH-I is 0.4-2GHz and for CSRH-II, the frequency band is 2-15GHz. In the antenna and feed system, CSRH uses an Eleven feed to receive signals coming from the Sun, the radiation pattern with lower side lobe and back lobe of the feed is well radiated. The characteristics of gain G and antenna noise temperature T effect the quality of solar radio imaging. For CSRH, measured G is larger than 60 dBi and $ T $ is less than 120K, after CSRH-I was established, we have successfully captured a solar radio burst between 1.2-1.6GHz on November 12, 2010 through this instrument and this event was confirmed through the observation of Solar Broadband Radio Spectromete...

  11. Overload characteristics of paper-polypropylene-paper cable

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ernst, A. (Underground Systems, Inc., Armonk, NY (USA))

    1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The short-time rating of PPP pipe-type cable may be lower than the equivalent paper cable sized to carry the same normal load. The ratings depend on the relative conductor sizes and the maximum allowable conductor temperatures of the insulation. The insulation thermal resistivity may be a significant parameter for overload times of approximately one hour and should be verified for PPP insulation. The thermal capacitance temperature characteristic of PPP insulation is not known. However, the overload ratings are not very sensitive to this parameter. Overload ratings are given for maximum conductor temperatures from 105 C to 130 C. Use of ratings based on temperatures greater than 105 C would require testing to determine the extent of degradation of the insulation at these higher temperatures. PPP-insulated cable will be thermally stable over a wider range of operating conditions (voltage and current) compared with paper-insulated cable. The short-circuit ratings of PPP- and paper-insulated cable systems and the positive/negative and zero sequence impedances are compared. 21 refs., 22 figs., 5 tabs.

  12. Physical and decay characteristics of commercial LWR spent fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roddy, J.W.; Claiborne, H.C.; Ashline, R.C.; Johnson, P.J.; Rhyne, B.T.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Information was collected from the literature and from major manufacturers that will be useful in the design and construction of a mined geologic repository for the disposal of light-water-reactor spent fuel. Pertinent data are included on mechanical design characteristics and materials of construction for fuel assemblies and fuel rods and computed values for heat generation rates, radioactivity, and photon and neutron emission rates as a function of time for four reference cases. Calculations were made with the ORIGEN2 computer code for burnups of 27,500 and 40,000 MWd for a typical boiling-water reactor and 33,000 and 60,000 MWd for a typical pressurized-water reactor. The results are presented in figures depicting the individual contributions per metric ton of initial heavy metal for the activation products, fission products, and actinides and their daughters to the radioactivity and thermal power as a function of time. Tables are also presented that list the contribution of each major nuclide to the radioactivity, thermal power, and photons and neutrons emitted for disposal emitted for disposal periods from 1 to 100,000 years.

  13. Universal Characteristics of Fractal Fluctuations in Prime Number Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. M. Selvam

    2008-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The frequency of occurrence of prime numbers at unit number spacing intervals exhibits selfsimilar fractal fluctuations concomitant with inverse power law form for power spectrum generic to dynamical systems in nature such as fluid flows, stock market fluctuations, population dynamics, etc. The physics of long-range correlations exhibited by fractals is not yet identified. A recently developed general systems theory visualises the eddy continuum underlying fractals to result from the growth of large eddies as the integrated mean of enclosed small scale eddies, thereby generating a hierarchy of eddy circulations, or an inter-connected network with associated long-range correlations. The model predictions are as follows: (i) The probability distribution and power spectrum of fractals follow the same inverse power law which is a function of the golden mean. The predicted inverse power law distribution is very close to the statistical normal distribution for fluctuations within two standard deviations from the mean of the distribution. (ii) Fractals signify quantumlike chaos since variance spectrum represents probability density distribution, a characteristic of quantum systems such as electron or photon. (ii) Fractal fluctuations of frequency distribution of prime numbers signify spontaneous organisation of underlying continuum number field into the ordered pattern of the quasiperiodic Penrose tiling pattern. The model predictions are in agreement with the probability distributions and power spectra for different sets of frequency of occurrence of prime numbers at unit number interval for successive 1000 numbers. Prime numbers in the first 10 million numbers were used for the study.

  14. Emission and spectral characteristics of electrodeless indium halide lamp

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takeda, M.; Hochi, A.; Horii, S.; Matsuoka, T. [Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd., Kyoto (Japan). Lighting Research Lab.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The electrodeless HID lamp excited by microwave has been intensively investigated because of its long life, high efficacy and environmental aspect. This study reports excellent emission and spectral characteristics of electrodeless HID lamp containing indium halides. The authors investigate InI and InBr as ingredients, and measure the microwave excited spectra and luminous intensities of lamps which are made from spherical silica glass in 10--40 mm outer diameter and with various amounts of halides. It is well known that such indium halides in the usual metal-halide lamps have strong blue line emission at 410 and 451nm. But, in the authors` microwave excited lamps, continuous spectrum can be observed in addition in the visible region. Increasing input of power of microwave makes this continuous spectrum stronger. Below 1kW microwave input power, the spectrum of InBr lamp almost resembled the CIE standard illuminant D65. As a consequence of the spectrum, they found that the color rendering and the duv of InBr lamp were excellent as high as 95 and smaller than 0.002, respectively, in the region of 400--800W input power. The efficacy higher than 100 lm/W was further achieved at 400W. The authors confirm that the microwave excited indium halides lamps can be applicable to many fields of lighting.

  15. Magnetostrictive materials and method for improving AC characteristics in same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pulvirenti, Patricia P. (Chicago, IL); Jiles, David C. (Ames, IA)

    2001-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides Terfenol-D alloys ("doped" Terfenol) having optimized performances under the condition of time-dependent magnetic fields. In one embodiment, performance is optimized by lowering the conductivity of Terfenol, thereby improving the frequency response. This can be achieved through addition of Group III or IV elements, such as Si and Al. Addition of these types of elements provides scattering sites for conduction electrons, thereby increasing resistivity by 125% which leads to an average increase in penetration depth of 80% at 1 kHz and an increase in energy conversion efficiency of 55%. The permeability of doped Terfenol remains constant over a wider frequency range as compared with undoped Terfenol. These results demonstrate that adding impurities, such as Si and Al, are effective in improving the ac characteristics of Terfenol. A magnetoelastic Gruneisen parameter, .gamma..sub.me, has also been derived from the thermodynamic equations of state, and provides another means by which to characterize the coupling efficiency in magnetostrictive materials on a more fundamental basis.

  16. Moyal's Characteristic Function, the Density Matrix and von Neumann's Idempotent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basil J. Hiley

    2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In the Wigner-Moyal approach to quantum mechanics, we show that Moyal's starting point, the characteristic function $M(\\tau,\\theta)=\\int \\psi^{*}(x)e^{i(\\tau {\\hat p}+\\theta{\\hat x})}\\psi(x)dx$, is essentially the primitive idempotent used by von Neumann in his classic paper "Die Eindeutigkeit der Schr\\"odingerschen Operatoren". This paper provides the original proof of the Stone-von Neumann equation. Thus the mathematical structure Moyal develops is simply a re-expression of what is at the heart of quantum mechanics and reproduces exactly the results of the quantum formalism. The "distribution function" $F(X,P,t)$ is simply the quantum mechanical density matrix expressed in an $( X,P)$-representation, where $X$ and $P$ are the mean co-ordinates of a cell structure in phase space. The whole approach therefore clearly has little to do with classical statistical theories but is a consequence of a non-commutative nature of the theory.

  17. Characteristics of plasma scalds in multilayer dielectric films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu Xiaofeng; Zhao Yuan'an; Li Dawei; Hu Guohang; Gao Yanqi; Fan Zhengxiu; Shao Jianda

    2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Plasma scalding is one of the most typical laser damage morphologies induced by a nanosecond laser with a wavelength of 1053 nm in HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} multilayer films. In this paper, the characteristics of plasma scalds are systematically investigated with multiple methods. The scalding behaves as surface discoloration under a microscope. The shape is nearly circular when the laser incidence angle is close to normal incidence and is elliptical at oblique incidence. The nodular-ejection pit is in the center of the scalding region when the laser irradiates at the incidence angle close to normal incidence and in the right of the scalding region when the laser irradiates from left to right at oblique incidence. The maximum damage size of the scalding increases with laser energy. The edge of the scalding is high compared with the unirradiated film surface, and the region tending to the center is concave. Plasma scald is proved to be surface damage. The maximum depth of a scald increases with its size. Tiny pits of nanometer scale can be seen in the scalding film under a scanning electronic microscope at a higher magnification. The absorptions of the surface plasma scalds tend to be approximately the same as the lower absorptions of test sites without laser irradiation. Scalds do not grow during further illumination pulses until 65 J/cm{sup 2}. The formation of surface plasma scalding may be related to the occurrence of the laser-supported detonation wave.

  18. Morphologic-cytologic characteristics and drought resistance of selected strains of hairy grama (Bouteloua hirsuta Lag.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landers, Roger Q

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LIBR4R Y A A M COLLEGE OF TEXAS N(RPHOLOGIC-CYTOLOGIC CHARACTERISTICS AND DROUGHT RESISTANCE OF SELECTED STRAINS OF HAIRY GRANA (Eouteloua hirsuta Lag ) A Thesis Roger g. Landers, Jr. Subad. tted to the Graduate Sohool of the Agrioultural.... Drought Resistance. Drought Resistance of Hairy Grams. Morphologic Cytologic Characteristics, COLLECTION AND PROPAOATION OF STRAINS. DESCRIPTION OF STRAINS, Morphological Characteristics. Cytological Characteristios. DROUGHT RESISTANCE STUDIES...

  19. Catalytic Synthesis of Oxygenates: Mechanisms, Catalysts and Controlling Characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamil Klier; Richard G. Herman

    2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This research focused on catalytic synthesis of unsymmetrical ethers as a part of a larger program involving oxygenated products in general, including alcohols, ethers, esters, carboxylic acids and their derivatives that link together environmentally compliant fuels, monomers, and high-value chemicals. The catalysts studied here were solid acids possessing strong Br�������¸nsted acid functionalities. The design of these catalysts involved anchoring the acid groups onto inorganic oxides, e.g. surface-grafted acid groups on zirconia, and a new class of mesoporous solid acids, i.e. propylsulfonic acid-derivatized SBA-15. The former catalysts consisted of a high surface concentration of sulfate groups on stable zirconia catalysts. The latter catalyst consists of high surface area, large pore propylsulfonic acid-derivatized silicas, specifically SBA-15. In both cases, the catalyst design and synthesis yielded high concentrations of acid sites in close proximity to one another. These materials have been well-characterization in terms of physical and chemical properties, as well as in regard to surface and bulk characteristics. Both types of catalysts were shown to exhibit high catalytic performance with respect to both activity and selectivity for the bifunctional coupling of alcohols to form ethers, which proceeds via an efficient SN2 reaction mechanism on the proximal acid sites. This commonality of the dual-site SN2 reaction mechanism over acid catalysts provides for maximum reaction rates and control of selectivity by reaction conditions, i.e. pressure, temperature, and reactant concentrations. This research provides the scientific groundwork for synthesis of ethers for energy applications. The synthesized environmentally acceptable ethers, in part derived from natural gas via alcohol intermediates, exhibit high cetane properties, e.g. methylisobutylether with cetane No. of 53 and dimethylether with cetane No. of 55-60, or high octane properties, e.g. diisopropylether with blending octane No. of 105, and can replace aromatics in liquid fuels.

  20. Fabrication Characteristics of Large Grain DUPIC Fuel Using SIMFUEL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Geun IL; Lee, Jung Won; Lee, Jae Won; Yang, Myung Seung; Song, Kee Chan [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 150-1 Duckjin-Dong, 1045 Daedeokdaero, Yuseong, Daejeon Korea, 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fabrication characteristics to improve the density and grain size of DUPIC fuel with relation to its fuel performance were experimentally evaluated using SIMFUEL as a surrogate for an actual spent PWR fuel due to the high radioactivity of a spent fuel. Hence, SIMFUELs with a burn-up of 35,000 MWd/tU and 60,000 MWd/tU were used to investigate the influence of fission products contents as an impurity on the fuel powder properties and on the density and grain size of a simulated DUPIC pellet. In order to improve the densification and grain growth of the simulated DUPIC fuel, the effect of the addition of sintering aids was investigated. The specific surface area of the OREOX powders was increased with an increase of the impurities by the dissolved oxides in UO{sub 2} among the impurity groups. The specific surface area of the powders milled after the OXREOX treatment was slightly higher than the UO{sub 2} powder used for a nuclear power plant, thus resulting in sintered pellets with a higher than 95% T.D. (theoretical density). The grain size of the sintered pellets was significantly decreased with increasing amount of the metallic and oxide precipitates. However, on adding the sintering aids such as TiO{sub 2} and Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}, the grain size of the sintering aids-doped pellets was greatly improved by up to around 3 times that of the raw pellets and their sintered density was also increased by up to 2%. (authors)

  1. Characteristic losses in metals: Al, Be, and Ni

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madden, H.H.; Landers, R.; Kleiman, G.G. [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Caixa Postal 6165, 13081-970 Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brasil] [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Caixa Postal 6165, 13081-970 Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brasil; Zehner, D.M. [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6057 (United States)] [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6057 (United States)

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Information about the {ital occupied} portion of the surface density of states of materials can be derived from electron-excited Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), which is a standard experimental technique in most surface science laboratories. Surface sensitive experimental techniques that provide information regarding the {ital unoccupied} portion of the surface density of states are often not standard and are not so readily available. Here we explore the possibility of utilizing the same experimental equipment as in AES to derive information about the unoccupied portion of the surface density of states from a characteristic loss spectroscopy, in particular, from core-level inelastic electron-scattering spectroscopy (CLIESS). An important application of this technique is in comparative studies. CLIESS spectra from clean surfaces of aluminum, beryllium and nickel are presented. These data were taken in the first-derivative mode using the reflection of monoenergetic primary beams of 450 eV energy for Be, and 300 eV for Al and Ni. The Al and Be spectra had to be extracted from overlapping plasmon signals using synthesized plasmon spectra based on the behavior of these spectra between the elastic peak energy and the respective core level threshold energies. After applying loss-deconvolution techniques to remove secondary loss spectral distortions, integral spectra were obtained which compared well to corresponding experimental soft x-ray absorption and transmission electron-energy loss data as well as to theoretical calculations of the unoccupied density-of-states for these materials. Comparison similarities as well as some differences are discussed. Finally, in order to illustrate the potential these signals have in serving as {open_quotes}fingerprints{close_quotes} of surface chemistry, derivative metal-CLIESS curves for the three oxide surfaces of the metals are also presented. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Vacuum Society.}

  2. Characteristics of discharge disruptions in the T-10 tokamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stefanovskii, A. M., E-mail: stefan@nfi.kiae.ru; Dremin, M. M.; Kakurin, A. M.; Kislov, A. Ya.; Mal'tsev, S. G.; Notkin, G. E.; Pavlov, Yu. D.; Poznyak, V. I.; Sushkov, A. V. [National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

    2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of experimental studies of discharge disruptions in the T-10 tokamak at the limiting plasma density are presented. On the basis of measurements of the generated soft X-ray emission, for a group of 'slow' disruptions, the dynamics of the magnetic configuration of the central part of the plasma column is studied and the possible role of the m/n = 1/1 mode in the excitation of predisruptions or the final stage of disruption is analyzed. It is shown that the characteristics of plasma electron cooling in predisruptions correspond to those of electron cooling upon pellet injection into T-10 and in discharge predisruptions occurring in regimes with the 'quiet mode.' It is found that, in the latter case, the reason for predisruptions and fast electron cooling in the plasma core is the instability of the m/n = 2/1 mode, its spontaneous spatial reconstruction, and the generation of a 'cooling wave' during this process. Measurements of the electron temperature (determined from the plasma radiation intensity at the second electron cyclotron harmonic) in the zone of the m/n = 2/1 mode have shown that the transformation of the m/n = 2/1 mode leads to the excitation of predisruptions and the final phase of disruption not only in regimes with the 'quiet mode,' but also in disruptions of ordinary ohmic discharges. The experimental results obtained in this work make it possible to determine the scenario of the development of 'slow' discharge disruptions in the T-10 tokamak at the limiting plasma density.

  3. Airfoil Heat Transfer Characteristics in Syngas and Hydrogen Turbines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mazzotta, D.W. (Univ. of Pittsburgh); Chyu, M.K. (Univ. of Pittsburgh); Alvin, M.A.

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrogen or coal-derivative syngas turbines promise increased efficiency with exceptionally low NOx emissions compared to the natural gas based turbines. To reach this goal, turbine inlet temperature (TIT) will need to be elevated to a level exceeding 1700°C [1, 2]. The thermal load induced by such a temperature increase alone will lead to immense challenges in maintaining material integrity of turbine components. In addition, as working fluid in the gas path will primarily be steam, possibly mixed with carbon oxides, the aero-thermal characteristic in a hydrogen turbine is expected to be far different from that of air/nitrogen enriched gas stream in a gas turbine. For instance, steam has distinctly higher density and specific heat in comparison to a mixture of air and combustion gases as they are expanded in a conventional gas turbine. Even if the temperature limits remain about the same, the expansion in a hydrogen turbine will have to proceed with a greater enthalpy drop and therefore requires a larger number of stages. This also implies that the flow areas may need to be expanded and blade span to be enlarged. Meanwhile, a greater number of stages and hot surfaces need to be protected. This also suggests that current cooling technology available for modern day gas turbines has to be significantly improved. The ultimate goal of the present study is to systematically investigate critical issues concerning cooling technology as it is applicable to oxy-fuel and hydrogen turbine systems, and the main scope is to develop viable means to estimate the thermal load on the turbine “gas side”, that is eventually to be removed from the “coolant side”, and to comparatively quantify the implication of external heat load and potential thermal barrier coating (TBC) degradation on the component durability and lifing. The analysis is based on two well-tested commercial codes, FLUENT and ANSYS.

  4. KZ Characteristic Variety as the Zero Set of Classical Calogero-Moser Hamiltonians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evgeny Mukhin; Vitaly Tarasov; Alexander Varchenko

    2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss a relation between the characteristic variety of the KZ equations and the zero set of the classical Calogero-Moser Hamiltonians.

  5. Stress response effects on growth, carcass characteristics, and tenderness in Bonsmara-influenced steers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falkenberg, Shollie Marie

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Half-blood Bonsmara steers were evaluated for temperament during stressful situations to discover the relationships between behavioral stress responses, growth, carcass characteristics and tenderness. Two experiments were ...

  6. Performance Characteristics of Lithium-ion Batteries of Various Chemistries for Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Andrew; Miller, Marshall

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Characteristics of Lithium-ion Batteries of Variousare presented for lithium-ion cells and modules utilizingAdvisor utilizing lithium-ion batteries of the different

  7. [Article 6 of 7]: Research on the Characteristics of a Smart...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Future State The self-healing characteristic, at both transmission and distribution grid levels, will move forward through the integration of advanced capabilities in the...

  8. Performance Characteristics of Lithium-ion Batteries of Various Chemistries for Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Andrew; Miller, Marshall

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the manufacture of lithium batteries (References 2 and 3).Characteristics of Lithium-ion Batteries of VariousAdvisor utilizing lithium-ion batteries of the different

  9. Fuel Cell Powered Vehicles Using Supercapacitors: Device Characteristics, Control Strategies, and Simulation Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vehicles Using Supercapacitors -- Device Characteristics,With the emergence of large supercapacitors (also know asin conjunction with supercapacitors can create high power

  10. SFSU Clinical Laboratory Science Internship Program Characteristics of a successful CLS applicant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SFSU Clinical Laboratory Science Internship Program Characteristics of a successful CLS applicant the "Essential Requirements of the SFSU CLS Internship Program"). Letters of recommendation Recommendations

  11. Characteristics of Pt-K/MgAl2O4 lean NOx trap catalysts. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pt-KMgAl2O4 lean NOx trap catalysts. Characteristics of Pt-KMgAl2O4 lean NOx trap catalysts. Abstract: We report the various characteristics of Pt-KMgAl2O4 lean NOx trap (LNT)...

  12. Uncertainties in using the hodograph method to retrieve gravity wave characteristics from individual soundings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plougonven, Riwal

    Uncertainties in using the hodograph method to retrieve gravity wave characteristics from individual soundings Fuqing Zhang and Shuguang Wang Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Texas A&M University] The hodograph method is commonly used to retrieve inertio-gravity wave characteristics from individual vertical

  13. Effect of a lactic acid bacterial inoculant on the fermentation characteristics of cereal and alfalfa forages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    fermentation (lowering pH, increasing lactic acid to acetic acid ratio, reducing ammonia), especially underEffect of a lactic acid bacterial inoculant on the fermentation characteristics of cereal and corn. Data on the effect of inoculants on the fermentation characteristics of cereal silages

  14. Phosphorus Adsorption-Desorption Characteristics of Two Soils Utilized for Disposal of Animal Wastes1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    Phosphorus Adsorption-Desorption Characteristics of Two Soils Utilized for Disposal of Animal was to determine the effect of animal waste loading rates on P adsorption-desorption characteristics of two soils to a Norfolk soil decreased adsorption capacity of the soil and increased soluble P (in 0.01A/ CaCU), acid

  15. J Bone Miner Metab . Author manuscript Mineral maturity and crystallinity index are distinct characteristics of bone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    J Bone Miner Metab . Author manuscript Page /1 13 Mineral maturity and crystallinity index are distinct characteristics of bone mineral Delphine Farlay 1 * , G rard Panczeré 2 , Christian Rey 3 , Pierre the hypothesis that mineral maturity and crystallinity index are two different characteristics of bone mineral

  16. Eye-Tracking: Characteristics and Methods Eye-Tracking: Research Areas and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Daniel C.

    1 Part 1 Eye-Tracking: Characteristics and Methods Part 2 Eye-Tracking: Research Areas. & Bowlin, G. (Eds.) [ PREPRINT, FEB 2004. PLEASE DO NOT QUOTE ] #12;2 Eye-Tracking: Characteristics and Methods Introduction Eye movements are arguably the most frequent of all human movements (Bridgeman, 1992

  17. Interpretation of Source Code Clusters in Terms of the ISO/IEC-9126 Maintainability Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tjortjis, Christos

    Interpretation of Source Code Clusters in Terms of the ISO/IEC-9126 Maintainability Characteristics of the entire system. In this paper, we propose a method for interpreting source code clusters using the ISO/IEC assessment of software systems in terms of the quality characteristics defined by ISO/IEC 9126. These methods

  18. Flux pinning characteristics in cylindrical niobium samples used for superconducting radio frequency cavity fabrication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flux pinning characteristics in cylindrical niobium samples used for superconducting radio.1088/0953-2048/25/6/065014 Flux pinning characteristics in cylindrical niobium samples used for superconducting radio frequency-grain (LG) and fine-grain (FG) niobium samples used for the fabrication of superconducting radio frequency

  19. Incorporating Operational Characteristics and Startup Costs in Option-Based Valuation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Incorporating Operational Characteristics and Startup Costs in Option-Based Valuation of Power characteristics on valuation of generation assets under different modeling assumptions about the energy commodity prices. We find that the impacts of operational constraints on real asset valuation are dependent upon

  20. Soil-Water Characteristic Curve Modeling at Low Water Content: Empirical and Semi-Empirical Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Soil-Water Characteristic Curve Modeling at Low Water Content: Empirical and Semi model, the Modified Kovacs (MK) model for the determination of soil-water characteristic curve at the low water contents of two horizons of a soil from Burkina Faso. Combining terms from capillary state

  1. BER Estimation for Serial Links Based on Jitter Spectrum and Clock Recovery Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BER Estimation for Serial Links Based on Jitter Spectrum and Clock Recovery Characteristics Dongwoo technique estimates the BER based on the spectral information of jitter and the characteristics of the clock-volume production testing [1]. One of the major contributors to the BER is jitter. Jitter is defined

  2. The Rotational Propulsion Characteristics of Scaled-up Helical Microswimmers with different heads and magnetic positioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the cut-off frequency. The rotational propulsion characteristics of helical swimmers with a magnetic headThe Rotational Propulsion Characteristics of Scaled-up Helical Microswimmers with different heads and magnetic positioning Tiantian Xu1, Gilgueng Hwang2, Nicolas Andreff3 and St´ephane R´egnier1 Abstract

  3. Thunderstorm lightning and radar characteristics: insights on electrification and severe weather forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steiger, Scott Michael

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    THUNDERSTORM LIGHTNING AND RADAR CHARACTERISTICS: INSIGHTS ON ELECTRIFICATION AND SEVERE WEATHER FORECASTING A Dissertation by SCOTT MICHAEL STEIGER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2005 Major Subject: Atmospheric Sciences THUNDERSTORM LIGHTNING AND RADAR CHARACTERISTICS: INSIGHTS ON ELECTRIFICATION AND SEVERE WEATHER...

  4. Convective heat transfer characteristics of China RP-3 aviation kerosene at supercritical pressure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zhixiong "James"

    Convective heat transfer characteristics of China RP-3 aviation kerosene at supercritical pressure Keywords: Supercritical pressure Aviation kerosene Convective heat transfer Numerical study a b s t r a c convective in kerosene pipe flow is complicated. Here the convective heat transfer characteristics of China

  5. NOx emission characteristics of counterflow syngas diffusion flames with airstream dilution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aggarwal, Suresh K.

    NOx emission characteristics of counterflow syngas diffusion flames with airstream dilution Daniel Abstract Syngas is produced through a gasification process using variety of fossil fuels, including coal. Due to its wide flexibility in fuel sources and superior pollutants characteristics, the syngas

  6. Job Characteristics, Occupational Status, and Ambulatory Cardiovascular Activity in Women Linda C. Gallo, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Job Characteristics, Occupational Status, and Ambulatory Cardiovascular Activity in Women Linda C. Moreover, the concurrent effects of occupational sta- tus and job characteristics have rarely been investigated. Some research is consistent with the idea that stressful job characteris- tics are especially

  7. Combustion characteristics of fuel droplets with addition of nano and micron-sized aluminum particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiao, Li

    Combustion characteristics of fuel droplets with addition of nano and micron-sized aluminum Aluminum nanoparticles Microexplosion Particle aggregation a b s t r a c t The burning characteristics of fuel droplets containing nano and micron-sized aluminum particles were investigated. Particle size

  8. Interaction of non-meat ingredients on sensory characteristics and chemical characteristics of pork loin chops during vacuum-packaged refrigerated storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Tara K.

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4%), potassium lactate (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4%) and sodium diacetate (0, .05, .10, .15 and .20%) on the color, sensory characteristics, package purge, water holding capacity, and pH of pork chops stored in vacuum-packaging for 0, 7, 14, 21...

  9. Vegetation and sediment characteristics of created and natural Spartina alterniflora marshes in Lower Galveston Bay, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albertson, Andrea Kai

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Five natural and ten created Spartina altemiflora marshes in the Lower Galveston Bay System, Texas, were compared to determine if there were significantly different vegetative and sediment characteristics associated with each marsh type. Vegetative...

  10. Static downhole characteristics of well CGEH-1 at Coso Hot Springs...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    downhole characteristics of well CGEH-1 at Coso Hot Springs, China Lake, California Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Static downhole...

  11. Comparison of direct current and 50?Hz alternating current microscopic corona characteristics on conductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Shuai, E-mail: zhangshuai94@gmail.com; Zhang, Bo, E-mail: shizbcn@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn; He, Jinliang, E-mail: hejl@tsinghua.edu.cn [State Key Lab of Power Systems, and Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

    2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Corona discharge is one of the major design factors for extra-high voltage and ultra-high voltage DC/AC transmission lines. Under different voltages, corona discharge reveals different characteristics. This paper aims at investigating DC and AC coronas on the microscopic scale. To obtain the specific characteristics of DC and AC coronas, a new measurement approach that utilizes a coaxial wire-cylinder corona cage is designed in this paper, and wires of different diameters are used in the experiment. Based on the measurements, the respective microscopic characteristics of DC and AC coronas are analyzed and compared. With differences in characteristics between DC and AC coronas proposed, this study provides useful insights into DC/AC corona discharges on transmission line applications.

  12. Adsorption characteristics of alkanes onto carbon nanotube bundles: Grand Canonical Monte Carlo simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    Adsorption characteristics of alkanes onto carbon nanotube bundles: Grand Canonical Monte Carlo alkane adsorption and separation. Rather than remaining isolated however, nanotubes tend to bundle together, and the adsorption properties of such bundles and subsequent potential for practical alkane

  13. Influences of vegetation characteristics and invertebrate abundance of Rio Grande wild turkey populations, Edwards Plateau, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randel, Charles Jack

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1970, Rio Grande wild turkey (Meleagris gallapavo intermedia) numbers in the southern region of the Edwards Plateau of Texas have been declining. Nest-site characteristics and invertebrate abundance were hypothesized as limiting wild turkey...

  14. Influence of Inelastic Phenomena on the Actuation Characteristics of High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Parikshith K.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Most e orts on High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys (HTSMAs), have focused on improving their work characteristics by thermomechanical treatment methods. However, the in uence of transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) and viscoplasticity during...

  15. An evaluation of the thermal characteristics of a flat plate heat pipe spreader

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chesser, Jason Blake

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An evaluation of the thermal characteristics of a flat plate heat pipe spreader was performed through an analytical, numerical, and experimental analysis. The physical system considered was comprised of a high heat flux heat source attached...

  16. Heat transfer characteristics of a two-pass trapezoidal channel and a novel heat pipe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sang Won

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    , monocrystalline silicon, beryllium oxide, strontium dichromate, boron oxide, aluminum dichromate, and manganese dichromate, as shown in Fig. 3. The focus of this study is to determine/quantify the thermal characteristics of the QTHP and identify the possible...

  17. Transient method of characteristics via the Adiabatic, Theta, and Multigrid Amplitude Function methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaner, Samuel Christopher

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, we investigated the Adiabatic, Theta, and Multigrid Amplitude Function (MAF) methods for solving the Method of Characteristics (MOC) formulation of the time-dependent neutron transport equation. The transient ...

  18. Evaluation of Hydrogen Storage System Characteristics for Light-Duty Vehicle Applications (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornton, M.; Day, K.; Brooker, A.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This poster presentation demonstrates an approach to evaluate trade-offs among hydrogen storage system characteristic across several vehicle configurations and estimates the sensitivity of hydrogen storage system improvements on vehicle viability.

  19. Performance characteristics of PM??? samplers in the presence of agricultural dusts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pargmann, Amber Rae

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , these samplers are not tested in the presence of agriculture dusts, which have a larger mass median diameter (MMD) than urban dusts. This research addressed the performance characteristics of PM??? samplers in the presence of agricultural dusts. Tests in a...

  20. Measurements of static loading characteristics of a Flexurepivot Tilt Pad Hydrodynamic Bearing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walton, Nicholas Van Edward

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental investigation examining the static loading characteristics of a four-pad, KMC FLEXUREPIVOT Tilt Pad Hydrodynamic Bearing is presented. Tests are conducted on the TRACE Fluid Film Bearing Element Test Rig for journal speeds ranging...

  1. Characteristics of syntactic processing : an examination utilizing behavioral and fMRI techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Evan, 1975-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores two important factors that constrain the syntactic parser of the sentence processing mechanism, syntactic storage costs and plausibility information. It uses behavioral methods to explore the characteristics ...

  2. Cross-domain comparison of quantitative technology improvement using patent derived characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Christopher Lee

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis compares the performance improvement rates of 28 technological domains with characteristics derived from the patents of the domains, seeking to objectively test theories of how and why technologies change over ...

  3. Apparatus and methods for determining at least one characteristic of a proximate environment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Novascone, Stephen R. (Idaho Falls, ID); West, Phillip B. (Idaho Falls, ID); Anderson, Michael J. (Troy, ID)

    2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods and an apparatus for determining at least one characteristic of an environment are disclosed. A vibrational energy may be imparted into an environment and a magnitude of damping of the vibrational energy may be measured and at least one characteristic of the environment may be determined. Particularly, a vibratory source may be operated and coupled to an environment. At least one characteristic of the environment may be determined based on a shift in at least one steady-state frequency of oscillation of the vibratory source. An apparatus may include at least one vibratory source and a structure for positioning the at least one vibratory source proximate to an environment. Further, the apparatus may include an analysis device for determining at least one characteristic of the environment based at least partially upon shift in a steady-state oscillation frequency of the vibratory source for the given impetus.

  4. A study of hair follicles and their changes as related to wool characteristics in sheep 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Raleigh Elwood

    1943-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and Blyth (1926) considered the short fibers that are annual in growth to be characteristic of kemp. The primary difference between kemp and medullated fibers lies almost entirely in their length. Differentiation between the two on this basis is very...

  5. What matters for predicting spatial distributions of trees: Techniques, data, or species’ characteristics?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guisan, A.; Zimmermann, N. E.; Elith, J.; Graham, C. H.; Phillips, S.; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data characteristics and species traits are expected to influence the accuracy with which species' distributions can be modeled and predicted. We compare 10 modeling techniques in terms of predictive power and sensitivity ...

  6. The effect of stratigraphy and soil plasticity on the settlement characteristics of reclaimed surface mined land

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rangel, Jorge Enrique

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECT OF STRATIGRAPHY AND SOIL PLASTICITY ON THE SETTLEMENT CHARACTERISTICS OF FECLAIMED SURFACE MINED I~D A Thesis GORGE ENRIQUE RANGEL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the regni ement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1979 Major Subject: Geology THE EFFECT OF STRATIGRAPHY AND SOIL PLASTICITY ON &HA SETTLEMENT CHARACTERISTICS OF RECLAIMED SURFACE MINED LAI'1D Thesis by JORGE ENRIQDE RANGEL Approved as to style ana content...

  7. A study of the bond characteristics of concrete reinforcing bars coated with epoxy compounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desai, Indravadan S

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A STUDY OF THE BOND CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE REINFORCING BARS COATED WITH EPCKY COMPOUNDS A Thesis By Indravadan S. Desai Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May, 1964 Major Subject: Civil Engineering A STUDY OF THE BOND CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE REINFORCING BARS COATED WITH EPOXY COMPOUNDS A Thesis By Indravadan S. Desai Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman...

  8. The Texas Wholesale Meat Distribution Industry -- Structure, Operational Characteristics and Competitive Practices.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dietrich, Raymond A.

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] The Texas Wholesale Meat Distribution Industry - Structure, Operational Characteristics, and Competitive Practices Mentior, of a tradehark or a proprietary product does not constitute a guarantee or warranty... regard to race, color, religion, sex, age, or national origin. [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] CONTENTS Page Highlights Introduction ............9..8...v..000..000*.00.00.t8 1 Structural Characteristics of the U . S . and Texas Wholesale Meat...

  9. The effects of laser irradiation on the electrical characteristics of monolithic resistors 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, James Edwin

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECTS OF LASER IRRADIATION ON THE ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MONOLITHIC RESISTORS A Thesis JAMES EDWIN S~LALL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&K University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF' SCIENCE Hay 1980 &'major Subject: Electrical Engineering THE EFFECTS OF LASER IRRADIATION ON THE ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MONOLITHIC RESISTORS A Thesis by JAMES EDr IN SMALL Approved as to content by: (Chairman o Committee) (He...

  10. A study of the bond characteristics of concrete reinforcing bars coated with epoxy compounds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desai, Indravadan S

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A STUDY OF THE BOND CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE REINFORCING BARS COATED WITH EPCKY COMPOUNDS A Thesis By Indravadan S. Desai Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May, 1964 Major Subject: Civil Engineering A STUDY OF THE BOND CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE REINFORCING BARS COATED WITH EPOXY COMPOUNDS A Thesis By Indravadan S. Desai Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman...

  11. Characteristics of the Department of Energy's Building Inventory 2005-2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loper, Susan A.; Sandusky, William F.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) as part of their on-going support to the Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) was asked to analyze special building data for an agency to gain a better understanding of the portfolio characteristics to help better shape implementation of their alternative financing activities. This report provides information for one agency, Department of Energy (DOE), and how those characteristics have changed over time.

  12. Relationships between wool follicle, fleece and body characteristics of Rambouillet rams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kott, Rodney Wade

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1976 Major Subject: Animal Science RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN WOOL FOLLICLE, FLEECE AND BODY CHARACTERISTICS OF RAMBOUILLET RAMS A Thesi. s by RODNEY WADE KOTT Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee...) (Head o f Dep ar tm nt) ~j 7 (Member) (Memb er) August 1976 ABSTRACT Relationships Between Wool Follicle, Fleece and Body Characteristics of Rambouillet Rams. (August 1976) Rodney Wade Kott, B ~ S ~ , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory...

  13. End-to-end calculation of the radiation characteristics of VVER-1000 spent fuel assemblies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Linge, I. I.; Mitenkova, E. F., E-mail: mit@ibrae.ac.ru; Novikov, N. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Nuclear Safety Institute (Russian Federation)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of end-to-end calculation of the radiation characteristics of VVER-1000 spent nuclear fuel are presented. Details of formation of neutron and gamma-radiation sources are analyzed. Distributed sources of different types of radiation are considered. A comparative analysis of calculated radiation characteristics is performed with the use of nuclear data from different ENDF/B and EAF files and ANSI/ANS and ICRP standards.

  14. Characteristic initial data and smoothness of Scri. I. Framework and results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piotr T. Chru?ciel; Tim-Torben Paetz

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the Cauchy problem for the vacuum Einstein equations with data on a complete light-cone in an asymptotically Minkowskian space-time. We provide conditions on the free initial data which guarantee existence of global solutions of the characteristic constraint equations. We present necessary-and-sufficient conditions on characteristic initial data in $3+1$ dimensions to have no logarithmic terms in an asymptotic expansion at null infinity.

  15. Depositional environment and reservoir characteristics of Frio Sandstone, McCampbell Deep Field, Aransas County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, James Rickey

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    D EPOS ITIONAL ENVIRONMENT AND RESERVOIR CHARACTERISTICS OF FRIO SANDSTONE, MCCAMPBELL DEEP FIELD, ARANSAS COUNI'Y, TEXAS A Thesis by JAMES RICKEY TURNER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 'l977 Major Subject: Geology DEPOSITIONAL ENVIRONMENT AND RESERVOIR CHARACTERISTICS OF FRIO SANDSTONE& MCCAMPBELL DEEP FIELD& ARANSAS COUNTY, T EXAS A Thesis by JAMES RICKEY TURNER Approved...

  16. Off-design performance characteristics of a twin shaft gas turbine engine with regeneration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leckie, Todd Stewart

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OFF-DESIGN PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF A TWIN SHAFT GAS TURBINE ENGINE WITH RECTION A 'Ihesis TODD STEWART LECKIE Submitted to the Graduate College Texas ABM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1984 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering OFF-DESIGN PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF A TWIN SHAFT GAS TURBINE ENGINE WITH REGENERATION A Thesis by Approved as to style and content by: er E. J 'ns rrman of Corrmittee) Je- 'n Han...

  17. Current characteristics of faculty development in public two-year colleges in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesley, Jeanne

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CURRENT CHARACTERISTICS OF FACULTY DEVELOPMENT IN PUBLIC TWO-YEAR COLLEGES IN TEXAS A Dissertation by JEANNE WESLEY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2005 Major Subject: Educational Human Resource Development CURRENT CHARACTERISTICS OF FACULTY DEVELOPMENT IN PUBLIC TWO-YEAR COLLEGES IN TEXAS A Dissertation by JEANNE...

  18. Relative radiant heat absorption characteristics of two types of mirror shields and a polished aluminum shield 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herron, Steven Douglas

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RELATIVE RADIANT HEAT ABSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO TYPES OF MIRROR SHIELDS AND A POLISHED ALUMINUM SHIELD A Thesis by STEVEN DOUGLAS HERRON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1973 Major Subject: Industrial Hygiene RELATIVE RADIANT HEAT ABSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO TYPES OF MIRROR SHIELDS AND A POLISHED ALUMINUM SHIELD A Thesis by STEVEN DOUGLAS HERRON Approved...

  19. Frictional characteristics of serpentinite from the Motagua fault zone in Guatemala: an experimental study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dengo, Carlos Arturo

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1978 Mad or Subjec' . " Geology FRICTIONAL CHARACTERISTIC OF SERPENTINITF. FRON THE I", OTAGUA FAULT ZONE Ili GUATENALA: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY A Thesis by CARLOS ARTURO DFNGO App", oved... strike-slip, seismogenic faults warrants a systematic i nvesti ga tion to determine ho v it". frictional characteristics may afreet slip along the fault. Five locations aiong the fault zone were sampled to investigate the sliding !rode as a function...

  20. Strength and failure characteristics of sandstones under moderate pore and confining pressures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neathery, Orphie

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PROCEDURE 31 Selection and Preparation of Samples 31 Procedure for Triaxial Tests 32 Physical Property Determination 33 RESULTS 36 Strength and Failure Characteristics 36 Influence of Physical Properties on Strength Characteristics 45 C ON C L US IO... submerged in the oil until the time of their testing. The remaining unsaturated plugs from each sandstone sample were kept for porosity, permeability, sonic velocity and capillary pressure determinations. 32 Procedure for Triaxial Tests In the triaxial...

  1. The effects of corridor characteristics on motorists' decisions to divert in resonse to time saving messages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robbins, Charles John

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECTS OF CORRIDOR CHARACTERISTICS ON MOTORISTS' DECISIONS TO DIVERT IN RESPONSE TO TIME SAVING MESSAGES A Thesis by CHARLES JOHN ROBBINS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1993 Major Subject: Civil Engineering THE EFFECTS OF CORRIDOR CHARACTERISTICS ON MOTORISTS' DECISIONS TO DIVERT IN RESPONSE TO TIME SAVING MESSAGES A Thesis by CHARLES JOHN ROBBINS Approved...

  2. Theory versus experiment of the rotordynamic and leakage characteristics of smooth annular bushing oil seals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culotta, Vittorio G.

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    THEORY VERSUS EXPERIMENT OF THE ROTORDYNAMIC AND LEAKAGE CHARACTERISTICS OF SMOOTH ANNULAR BUSHING OIL SEALS A Thesis by VITTORIO GIUSEPPE CULOTTA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2004 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering THEORY VERSUS EXPERIMENT OF THE ROTORDYNAMIC AND LEAKAGE CHARACTERISTICS OF SMOOTH ANNULAR BUSHING OIL SEALS A...

  3. Mineral Chemistry of Basalts Recovered from Hotspot Snake River Scientific Drilling Project, Idaho: Source and Crystallization Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    between these two sources (deep or shallow mantle). Whole rock compositions were corrected for plagioclase: Source and Crystallization Characteristics Richard W. Bradshaw A thesis submitted to the faculty, Idaho: Source and Crystallization Characteristics Richard W. Bradshaw Department of Geological Sciences

  4. Shower characteristics of particles with momenta from up to 100 GeV in the CALICE Scintillator-Tungsten HCAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klempt W

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shower characteristics of particles with momenta from up to 100 GeV in the CALICE Scintillator-Tungsten HCAL

  5. A parameter study to optimizing scintillator characteristics for increased sensitivity in nuclear nonproliferation, safeguards, and security based applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel Shy

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A parameter study to optimizing scintillator characteristics for increased sensitivity in nuclear nonproliferation, safeguards, and security based applications

  6. Hilbert's Tenth Problem over Holomorphy Rings of Function Fields of Characteristic 0 Hilbert's Tenth Problem over Holomorphy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlapentokh, Alexandra

    Results 4 What do we know about HTP over Function Fields of Characteristic 0? 5 Proving Undecidability about HTP over Function Fields of Characteristic 0? 5 Proving Undecidability over Function Fields Using about HTP over Function Fields of Characteristic 0? 5 Proving Undecidability over Function Fields Using

  7. Characteristics of ethical leaders and the relationship of those characteristics to the ethical decision-making of successful student leaders: a communitarian perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Pricilla Karen

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~CZERISTICS OF EIHICAL LEADERS AND THE RELATIONSHIP OF THOSE CHARACTERISTICS 'IO THE ETHICAL DECISION-MAKING OF SUCCESSFUL STUDENT LEADERS: A COMMUNITARIAN PERSPECTIVE A Thesis PRICILLA KAREN MURPHY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies... DECISION-MAKING OF SUCCESSFUL STUDENT LEADERS: A ~ITARIAN PERSPECTIVE A Thesis PRICILLA ~ MURPHY Approved as to style and content by: Christine D. Townsend (Chair of Committee) i ricia A. Alexander (Member) Gary E. Briers (Member) Gary E. Briers...

  8. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from Other (Public Sector) Energy Consumption Coal Coke andother(public) sector’s share of final energy consumption ofother(public) sector’s share of final energy consumption of

  9. DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUS OTHER ENERGY-RELATED DATA BASES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    descriptors on RESERVES, RESOURCE ASSESSMENT, e t c . With tDEPOSITS AMD RESERVES RESOURCE ASSESSMENT RESOURCE POTENTIALDescriptors RESERVES RESOURCE ASSESSMENT RESOURCE POTENTIAL

  10. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    emissions are allocated to that sector accordingly. Biogas.The majority of biogas consumed in China is from rural

  11. DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUS OTHER ENERGY-RELATED DATA BASES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PLANTATIONS FIGURE 2 BIOGAS PROCESS TL'BIOGAS _ANAERQBICf o r Other Data Bases >BIOGAS/TI,DE,ID BIO(W)GAS/TI,DE,IDSEARCHES Methane (or Biogas) Production from Agricultural

  12. BIM Game : a "serious game" to educate non-experts about energy related design and living

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Lin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate Change is one defining issue of our time. With the increasingly sophisticated uses of energy, we have to face the problem as energy shortage and global warming. Since almost one-fourth of US energy is consumed by ...

  13. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal gasification technology in China: Application and Development,” presentation at the China-US Clean

  14. Wind Energy-Related Atmospheric Boundary Layer Large-Eddy Simulation Using OpenFOAM: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Churchfield, M.J.; Vijayakumar, G.; Brasseur, J.G.; Moriarty, P.J.

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper develops and evaluates the performance of a large-eddy simulation (LES) solver in computing the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) over flat terrain under a variety of stability conditions, ranging from shear driven (neutral stratification) to moderately convective (unstable stratification).

  15. DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUS OTHER ENERGY-RELATED DATA BASES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methane (or Biogas) Production from Agricultural Hastes ThisAGRICULTURAL WASTES f HANI MANURES I BIOMASS BlOf ( BIO* BIOMASS PLANTATIONS FIGURE 2 BIOGAS

  16. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China’s 2008 Thermal Electricity Sector CO 2 Emissions byheat. Share of thermal electricity sector’s CO 2 emissionsheat. Share of thermal electricity sector’s CO 2 emissions

  17. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Standards Press, June 2010. EIA, 2008. “Documentation forInformation Administration (EIA) of the US Department ofthe feasibility of applying the EIA emissions inventory

  18. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    authoritative source of oil product data). This studyof China’s products—chemical light oil and naphtha— map to aLubricant base oil Miscellaneous petroleum products Pentanes

  19. NIST energy related inventions: Electronic starter device for fluorescent lamps. Interim report, August--October, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, S.A.

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    From the Scope of Work document which accompanied the original proposal, three silicon devices were anticipated for development, simulation, and quality assurance fabrication. The status of these are in the same format as the Scope of Work...Attachment-A-: Task 1--design and simulation; Task 2--prototype tooling; Task 3--test engineering; Task 4--product tooling; Task 5--package tooling/manufacturing design and assembly. It is felt the program will meet it`s stated goals of producing a low cost, high performance fluorescent lamp starter which will lower the acquisition and operating cost of fluorescent technology...thus saving significant amounts of energy. The likelihood of success is even greater, now that the TN22 component has been qualified. The challenges of creating a custom ASIC, while still significant, are within the skill and expertise level or the assigned engineers.

  20. Base Program on Energy Related Research: Quarterly report, August 1-October 31, 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes research performed at the Morgantown Energy Technology Center in the areas of oil and gas, advanced systems application, environmental technologies, applied energy science and remediation. The following subtasks are described: CROW{sup TM} Process Modeling, Development of a Portable Data Acquisition System and Coalbed Methane Simulator, Tank Bottom Waste Processing using the TaBoRR{sup TM} Process, Process Support and Development, Eastern Shale Oil Residue as an Asphalt Additive, Solid Waste Management, Remediation of Contaminated Soils, The Syn-Ag{sup TM} Process: Coal Combustion Ash Management Option, the Maxi-Acid{sup TM} Process: In- sit Amelioration of Acid Mine Drainage, Spill Test Facility Database, Heavy Oil/Plastics Co-Processing, Fossil Fuel and Hydrocarbon Conversion Using Hydrogen-Rich Plasmas, and North Site Remediation.

  1. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the EIA. Second, energy consumption data are adjusted to2 Adjust energy consumption data to eliminate double4 Determine energy consumption data to account for fuel

  2. DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUS OTHER ENERGY-RELATED DATA BASES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    59 Proved crude oil reserves 1947-1979 Proved crude oil reserves in the Louor-48 Statesand oil and gas statistical information (reserve estimates

  3. QTLs for Energy Related Traits in a Sweet × Grain RIL Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felderhoff, Terry

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    method. ................................................................................... 36 1 1. INTRODUCTION Bioenergy has received considerable interest in the past decade as a new and renewable source of transportation fuel (Rooney et al...., 2007). Bioenergy is produced from plant-derived biomass using conversion techniques such as thermochemical treatment and biochemical treatment (Antonopoulou et al., 2008). Thermochemical treatment involves direct combustion of biomass or the use...

  4. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2008. Guangdong Institute of Petrochemical Chemical and2009. Editorial Board of the China Petrochemical CorporationYearbook, China Petrochemical Corporation Yearbook 2009,

  5. EIA - AEO2011 Early Release Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    and socioeconomic factors, including appliance and building efficiency standards, higher energy prices, shifts in housing growth, and the continued transition to a more...

  6. Base program on energy related research. Quarterly report, May, 1996--July 31, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Base Research Program at Western Research Institute (WRI) is planned to develop technologies to a level that will attract industrial sponsors for continued development under the Jointly Sponsored Research (JSR) Program. In many instances, a potential JSR cosponsor has been identified but additional laboratory or bench-scale data are necessary to assess the utility of the technology prior to cosponsor investment. Both peer and management review are employed prior to proposing Base projects to the US DOE. The goals of the Base Research Program are in support of those of the JSR program, which are designed to: increase the production of United States and western energy resources, particularly low-sulfur coal, natural gas, oil, and renewable energy resources; enhance the competitiveness of US and western energy technologies in international markets and assist in technology transfer; reduce the nations`s dependence on foreign energy supplies and strengthen both the US and regional economies; minimize environmental impacts of energy production and utilization. The goals of the JSR and Base Programs are accomplished by focusing research, development, demonstration, and commercialization in three major technology areas: Energy Programs emphasize the increased production and utilization of domestic energy resources and include enhanced oil recovery, coal bonification and upgrading, coalbed methane recovery, and renewable energy resources; Environmental Programs minimize the impact of energy production and utilization by providing technology to clean underground oily wastes, mitigate acid mine drainage, and demonstrate uses for Clean Coal Technology and pressurized fluidized bed combustion waste solids; Technology Enhancement activities encompass resource characterization studies, the development of improved environmental monitors and sensors, and improved techniques and models for predicting the dispersion of hazardous gas releases.

  7. Workshop on induced Seismicity due to fluid injection/production from Energy-Related Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majer, E.L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Executive Summary Geothermal energy, carbon sequestration,and Background Geothermal energy, carbon sequestration andthe success of not only geothermal energy, but also carbon

  8. Workshop on induced Seismicity due to fluid injection/production from Energy-Related Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majer, E.L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reservoir impoundments) and therefore lacked sufficient data coverage for characterization/characterization tools (for VSP and fracture imaging at Reservoir

  9. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    balance, by definition, Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES)definition, and thus the results are incomplete. The Chinese energy

  10. DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUS OTHER ENERGY-RELATED DATA BASES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    g y METHANE AND I IAGR] AGRICULTURAL WASTES f HANI MANURES IProduction from Agricultural Wastes• NTIS on the other handproduction from agricultural wastes); nuclear energy and the

  11. Further Sensitivity Analysis of Hypothetical Policies to Limit Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This analysis supplements the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 alternative cases which imposed hypothetical carbon dioxide emission fees on fossil fuel consumers. It offers further cases that examine the impacts of fees placed only on the emissions from electric power facilities, impacts of returning potential revenues to consumers, and two cap-and-trade policies.

  12. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from Agriculture Energy Consumption Coal Coke and Otherfrom Industry Energy Consumption Coal Coke and Otherfrom Construction Energy Consumption Coal Coke and Other

  13. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gas petroleum waxes coking coal t C/TJ other bituminous coalprocesses of coal washing, coking, petroleum refineries, gaslosses include coal washing, coking, petroleum refining, gas

  14. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    unavailable, such as natural gas flaring. As a result, thefrom petroleum and 3% from natural gas. From the i sectoralGas Other Petroleum Products Natural Gas Natural Gas “Other

  15. DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUS OTHER ENERGY-RELATED DATA BASES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tic tape suppliers include TULSA, for Petroleum Abstracts;Nordic) IFI Plenum TULSA IAA STAR FIGURE 1 searcher's d i sconprehen- 9ive sources, TULSA rod API, are a v a i l a b l

  16. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Diesel Oil Fuel Oil LPG Refinery Gas Other PetroleumPipelines. All still gas/refinery gas in China is reportedlubricants petroleum coke refinery feedstock still gas/

  17. Workshop on induced Seismicity due to fluid injection/production from Energy-Related Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majer, E.L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Executive Summary Geothermal energy, carbon sequestration,2008), International Energy Agency-Geothermal Implementingand Background Geothermal energy, carbon sequestration and

  18. NIST energy related inventions - electronic starter device for fluorescent lamps. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to silicon supplier failures to produce the 03/04 triac silicon as specified in the original proposal, the direction of the starter program was migrated to use available off the shelf power semiconductors. This had unexpected positive side effects including a reduction in component price, improved quality, and the refocus of engineering efforts to concentrate on the Super ASIC core technology. The starter program has begun shipments employing this new architecture, and is being well received both in the US and abroad. In its present form, the starter meets the original cost projections within 20%. Work is continuing on the 0.8 micron ASIC, which will allow for the starter to sell below $1.00 in volume. Even at the slightly higher price, interest is strong in replacing the low performance glow starter for small fluorescent applications with a high performance alternative.

  19. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    definition, Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) is equivalentcalculating its total primary energy supply. As such, fuelbunkers, the NBS Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) is

  20. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    21. China's 2008 Carbon Sequestration by Nonfuel Use ofcontent. Next, carbon sequestration is estimated followingChina-specific carbon sequestration coefficients for non-

  1. State-Level Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2000-2009

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Press Releases Presentations Congressional Testimony Radio Spots Enter Search Term(s): Search eia.gov A-Z Index A-Z Index A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U...

  2. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China's 2008 Total CO 2 Emissions from Energy Consumption:10. China's 2008 Total CO 2 Emissions from Energy: Sectoral16 Table 11. China's 2008 CO 2 Emissions from Energy:

  3. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    diesel and fuel oil consumption can be used to estimateenergy consumption of kerosene, diesel oil and fuel oil isconsumption tables. Natural Gas Natural Gas Flaring Chemical light oil

  4. Workshop on induced Seismicity due to fluid injection/production from Energy-Related Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majer, E.L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relationship between rock properties and fracturing/shearingrelationship between rock properties and fracturing /Fluid loss zones Rock properties (lab testing) Correlation

  5. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    kerosene other kerosene shale oil gas/diesel oil residualbituminous coal lignite oil shale other petroleum products (

  6. Base program on energy related research. Quarterly technical progress report, November 1993--January 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report consists of brief reports on a number of processes involving: gas injection in oil wells; coalbed methane recovery simulation; a portable data acquisition system; development of a premium fuel from western coal; optimization of recycle oil process for eastern oil shales; solid waste management and waste product utilization; mercury recovery from coal; remedial action taken with contaminated soils; and heavy oil/plastics co-processing.

  7. DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUS OTHER ENERGY-RELATED DATA BASES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    terns on safety and accident analysis since t h i s i s theACCIDENT ANALYSIS ACCIDENT, TRANSPORTATION SAFETY ANALYSISInformation Center Data Base RISK HAZARDS ANALYSIS ACCIDENT

  8. Energy related studies utilizing K-feldspar thermochronology. Progress performance report, 1990--1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two distinct sources of information are available from a {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar step-heating experiment: the age spectrum and Arrhenius plot. Model ages are calculated from the flux of radiogenic argon ({sup 40}Ar*) (assuming trapped argon of atmospheric composition) relative to the reactor produced {sup 39}Ar evolved during discrete laboratory heating steps. With the additional assumption that the {sup 39}Ar is uniformly distributed within the sample, we can infer the spatial distribution of the daughter product. ne associated Arrhenius plot, derived by plotting the diffusion coefficient (obtained from the inversion of the 39{sup Ar} release function assuming a single domain) against the inverse temperature of laboratory heating, are a convolution of the parameters which characterize the individual diffusion domains (whether these be dictated by varying length scale, energetics, etc.). However, many and perhaps Most {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar age spectra for slowly cooled alkali feldspars are significantly different from model age spectra calculated assuming a single diffusion-domain size. In addition, Arrhenius plots calculated from the measured loss of {sup 39}Ar during the step heating experiment show departures from linearity that are inconsistent with diffusion from domains of equal size. By extending the single diffusion-domain closure model (Dodsontype) to apply to minerals with a discrete distribution of domain sizes, we obtained an internally consistent explanation for the commonly observed features of alkali feldspar age spectra and their associated Arrhenius plots.

  9. EO 13212: Actions To Expedite Energy-Related Projects | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 Federal Register / Vol.6: RecordJune 20,in the NextPopulationsEnergy 2:

  10. Oh, the (Energy-Related) Stories I Have Heard... | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagementOPAM PolicyOf EnvironmentalGuide, JulyIssueOffshore WindOh, the

  11. Workshop on induced Seismicity due to fluid injection/production from Energy-Related Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majer, E.L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    seismicity. E. Reservoir Engineering Data. Fluids play acomprehensive reservoir engineering and geologic data, thereservoir impoundments) and therefore lacked sufficient data

  12. Workshop on induced Seismicity due to fluid injection/production from Energy-Related Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majer, E.L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cases outside of EGS, CCS and Oil and Gas. a. Mining. NeededCan geothermal, CCS, oil and gas reasonably be expected tosequestration, and enhanced oil and gas recovery have a

  13. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions in U.S. Manufacturing

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at1,066,688Electricity Use as an IndicatorNatural Gas MonthlyUse

  14. Federal Facility Agreement for the Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic Plan| Department of.pdf6-OPAMDepartment6Awards » Federal Energy and

  15. Federal Facility Agreement for the Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research Summary

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic Plan| Department of.pdf6-OPAMDepartment6Awards » Federal Energy andEnergy

  16. Table 21. Total Energy Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Projected vs. Actual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14Total Delivered Residentialtight oil plays:Total Energy

  17. Figure ES1. Schema for Estimating Energy and Energy-Related Statistics,

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.Gas Proved Reserves, WetGasCubic38.2001 ES1

  18. State-Level Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2000-2011 - Energy

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO) Highlights ï‚·2008DeutscheState Energy

  19. State-Level Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2000Â…2011

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO) Highlights ï‚·2008DeutscheState EnergyState-Level

  20. Table 1. State energy-related carbon dioxide emissions by year (2000Â…2011)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO) Highlights1,943,742 1,947,078342 301,097

  1. Table 2. 2011 State energy-related carbon dioxide emisssions by fuel

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO) Highlights1,943,742Coalbed2011 State

  2. Table 3. 2011 State energy-related carbon dioxide emissions by sector

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO) Highlights1,943,742Coalbed20112011 State

  3. Table 5. Per capita energy-related carbon dioxide emissions by State (2000Â…2011)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S. Coal Stocks at Manufacturing Plants byPer

  4. The RECS relies on the respondents to provide the energy related details of their homes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I' a(STEO)U.S.6, 2014 IndependentInformation

  5. State-Level Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2000-2009

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:Deployment Activities Printable80

  6. Table 1. State energy-related carbon dioxide emissions by year (2000-2011

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. Department of Energy Energy Information3 OutlookSurveyState

  7. Table 2. 2011 State energy-related carbon dioxide emissions by fuel

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. Department of Energy Energy Information32. Average Price2011 State

  8. Table 3. 2011 State energy-related carbon dioxide emissions by sector

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. Department of Energy Energy Information32. Average

  9. Table 4. 2011 State energy-related carbon dioxide emission shares by sector

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. Department of Energy Energy Information32. Average2011 State2011

  10. Table 5. Per capita energy-related carbon dioxide emissions by State (2000-201

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. Department of Energy Energy Information32. Average2011 State2011Per

  11. Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research Compliance Order, October 6, 1995

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM Flash2011-12Approvedof6, 1945: TrinityofAnnual Report -4566Laboratory for

  12. Laboratory for Energy-Related Health Research Compliance Order, October 6, 1995 Summary

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM Flash2011-12Approvedof6, 1945: TrinityofAnnual Report -4566Laboratory

  13. "Table 21. Total Energy Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Projected vs. Actual"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. Department of Energygasoline4 Space Heating8TotalTotal Energy

  14. Building Decision Trees for Characteristic Ellipsoid Method to Monitor Power System Transient Behaviors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Jian; Diao, Ruisheng; Makarov, Yuri V.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Zhou, Ning; Dagle, Jeffery E.

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The characteristic ellipsoid is a new method to monitor the dynamics of power systems. Decision trees (DTs) play an important role in applying the characteristic ellipsoid method to system operation and analysis. This paper presents the idea and initial results of building DTs for detecting transient dynamic events using the characteristic ellipsoid method. The objective is to determine fault types, fault locations and clearance time in the system using decision trees based on ellipsoids of system transient responses. The New England 10-machine 39-bus system is used for running dynamic simulations to generate a sufficiently large number of transient events in different system configurations. Comprehensive transient simulations considering three fault types, two fault clearance times and different fault locations were conducted in the study. Bus voltage magnitudes and monitored reactive and active power flows are recorded as the phasor measurements to calculate characteristic ellipsoids whose volume, eccentricity, center and projection of the longest axis are used as indices to build decision trees. The DT performances are tested and compared by considering different sets of PMU locations. The proposed method demonstrates that the characteristic ellipsoid method is a very efficient and promising tool to monitor power system dynamic behaviors.

  15. Geologic and production characteristics of the Tight Mesaverde Group: Piceance Basin, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myal, F.R.; Price, E.H.; Hill, R.E.; Kukal, G.C.; Abadie, P.A.; Riecken, C.C.

    1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mesaverde Group of the Piceance Basin in western Colorado has been a pilot study area for government-sponsored tight gas sand research for over 20 years. This study provides a critical comparison of the geologic, production and reservoir characteristics of existing Mesaverde gas producing areas within the basin to those same characteristics at the MWX site near Rifle, Colorado. As will be discussed, the basin has been partitioned into three areas having similar geologic and production characteristics. Stimulation techniques have been reviewed for each partitioned area to determine the most effective stimulation technique currently used in the Mesaverde. This study emphasizes predominantly the southern Piceance Basin because of the much greater production and geologic data there. There may be Mesaverde gas production in northern areas but because of the lack of production and relatively few penetrations, the northern Piceance Basin was not included in the detailed parts of this study. 54 refs., 31 figs., 7 tabs.

  16. Tunneling characteristics in chemical vapor deposited graphene–hexagonal boron nitride–graphene junctions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy, T.; Hesabi, Z. R.; Joiner, C. A.; Vogel, E. M. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 771 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States); Liu, L.; Gu, G. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Tennessee, 1520 Middle Drive, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Barrera, S. de la; Feenstra, R. M. [Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Chakrabarti, B. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 771 Ferst Drive, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Texas at Dallas, 800 West Campbell Rd., Richardson, Texas 75080 (United States)

    2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Large area chemical vapor deposited graphene and hexagonal boron nitride was used to fabricate graphene–hexagonal boron nitride–graphene symmetric field effect transistors. Gate control of the tunneling characteristics is observed similar to previously reported results for exfoliated graphene–hexagonal boron nitride–graphene devices. Density-of-states features are observed in the tunneling characteristics of the devices, although without large resonant peaks that would arise from lateral momentum conservation. The lack of distinct resonant behavior is attributed to disorder in the devices, and a possible source of the disorder is discussed.

  17. The production characteristics of a solution gas-drive reservoir as measured on a centrifugal model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodwin, Robert Jennings

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mixtures and Cetus Oil - Natural Gas Mixtures Reservoir Pez&ormance Characteristics for Test Number 17 Through Well Number Three with Fluid Number One Reservoir Perfozmanco Characteristics for Test Number 32 Through Well Number One with Fluid Number... data to show that recovery 8?9, . 10 is a function of well spacing for the soluti on gas drive producing mecha- 12 nism while Kaveler has countered the proposition with other data. Tomlinson and Craze and 77uckley have interprei, ed the same API 11...

  18. Superplastic forming characteristics of 2090 (OE-16) and 8090 (SP) Al-Li alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khazi-Syed, Razaq H.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SUPERPLASTIC FORMING CHARACTERISTICS OF 2090 (OE-16) AND 8090 (SP) AL-LI ALLOYS A Thesis by RAZAQ H. KHAZI-SYED Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1992 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering SUPERPLASTIC FORMING CHARACTERISTICS OF 2090(OE-16) AND 8090 (SP) AL-LI ALLOYS A Thesis by RAZAQ H. KHAZI-SYED Approved as to style and content by: R. E. Goforth (Chair...

  19. Timber Mills Closures and Procurement Zones Characteristics: Is there a Link?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    .S. Forest Products Economic Importance China, Russia, 10% Brazil, 6% World's Major Industrial Roundwood Sustainable Timber Supply to existing Mills · Procurement zone characteristics ­ Landownership1, 2, 9 ­ Level, 2, 10 ­ Distance to mills8, 13 · Increased demand products & services ­ New industry (biofuels)4

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The effect of patient characteristics on second

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of cancer survival due to more frequent early detection and advances in cancer treatments, the cancerRESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access The effect of patient characteristics on second primary cancer risk11,14 , Anne-Sophie Woronoff12,14 and Michel Velten1,2,13,14 Abstract Background: Although cancer

  1. Multi-fractal thermal characteristics of the southwestern GIN sea upper layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Peter C.

    Multi-fractal thermal characteristics of the southwestern GIN sea upper layer Peter C. Chu Naval describes a multi-fractal analysis on a high-resolution temperature dataset to obtain the nonstationarity matter Published by Elsevier Ltd. doi:10.1016/S0960-0779(03)00041-9 Chaos, Solitons and Fractals 19 (2004

  2. DIOPHANTINE UNDECIDABILITY OF HOLOMORPHY RINGS OF FUNCTION FIELDS OF CHARACTERISTIC 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    such an equation has solutions in Z? This question, otherwise known as Hilbert's Tenth Problem ("HTP" in the future]. Also, for a general reference on the subject we suggest [11] and [47]. It turned out that solving HTP characteristic. However we do know that HTP is un- decidable over many function fields and rings

  3. Hydrocarbon Characteristics in Fusion Edge Plasmas from Electron-Molecule and Ion-Surface Collision Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 EX/P4-1 Hydrocarbon Characteristics in Fusion Edge Plasmas from Electron- Molecule and Ion proceeding in the volume before and at the wall. Surface processes involving hydrocarbons and their ions, which are probable vacuum contaminants in plasma devices, and the role of hydrocarbon chemistry

  4. AN EXTRATROPICAL CYCLONE ATLAS A tool for illustrating cyclone structure and evolution characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dacre, Helen

    1 AN EXTRATROPICAL CYCLONE ATLAS A tool for illustrating cyclone structure and evolution CYCLONE ATLAS A tool for illustrating cyclone structure and evolution characteristics BY H. F. DACRE, M. K in determining the day-to-day weather conditions in many parts of the world through their associated wind

  5. RAS mutation is associated with hyperdiploidy and parental characteristics in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    RAS mutation is associated with hyperdiploidy and parental characteristics in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia JL Wiemels1 , Y Zhang1 , J Chang2 , S Zheng3 , C Metayer2 , L Zhang2 , MT Smith2 , X Ma4 and cytogenetic factors in a case series of children with leukemia. Diagnostic bone marrow samples from 191

  6. Topic Distillation with Query-Dependent Link Connections and Page Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Mingfang

    6 Topic Distillation with Query-Dependent Link Connections and Page Characteristics MINGFANG WU about a topic. Finding such results is called topic distillation. Previous research has shown statistics. This article presents a new approach to improve topic distillation by exploring the use

  7. Stratigraphy and textural characteristics of the 198283 tephra of Galunggung volcano (Indonesia): implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Stratigraphy and textural characteristics of the 1982­83 tephra of Galunggung volcano (Indonesia Orléans Cedex 2, France Abstract The Galunggung volcano in western Java (Indonesia) was the site activity, and consequently the corresponding increase in explosivity. Author Keywords: Indonesia

  8. Interregional Migration in Germany: Characteristics and Effects for Regions and Migrants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfeifer, Holger

    Interregional Migration in Germany: Characteristics and Effects for Regions and Migrants Christian of economic activity in East Germany initiated enormous migration flows from East to West Germany. People from East Germany moved towards West Germany, where wages are higher and em- ployment opportunities are more

  9. Changes in the characteristics of turkey ejaculated semen and ductus deferens semen with repeated ejaculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Changes in the characteristics of turkey ejaculated semen and ductus deferens semen with repeated after emptying the d. deferens by repeated ejaculations. In both Large and Small White turkeys, the p. High quality turkey semen is imperative for a successful artificial insemination program

  10. DISPLAY OF FRICTION IN VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS BASED ON HUMAN FINGER PAD CHARACTERISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollerbach, John M.

    DISPLAY OF FRICTION IN VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS BASED ON HUMAN FINGER PAD CHARACTERISTICS A. Nahvi, J City, UT 84112 ABSTRACT A friction display system is proposed for virtual environ- ments. Since a user the frictional properties of the human finger pad on 9 subjects by simultaneously recording force and movement

  11. PART I. THERMAL BREAKDOWN CHARACTERISTICS OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE COMPONENTS IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Engineering Columbia University in the City of New York - 3 - waste is an area of deep concern both within and Environmental Engineering Columbia University in the City of New York - 2 - Thermal Breakdown Characteristics to the increasing use of and investment in waste- to-energy technologies in Asia, these two realms of knowledge

  12. Electrical noise characteristics of a doped silicon microcantilever heater-thermometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, William P.

    microcantilevers during cantilever self-heating over the temperature range 296­781 K. The dominant noise source-thermometers are designed to operate with self-heating, while the preferred operation of piezoresis- tive cantilevers is for minimal self-heating.12,16,17 This paper explores how the electrical noise characteristics of a doped

  13. Some characteristics of formula sets in the whole of p-adics.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Some characteristics of formula sets in the whole of p formula set if it can be defined by some formula of predicate calculus in the two-sorted language of valued fields. Let M, N be two formula subsets of a valued field K. They are (formula) equivalent

  14. Investigation of EPS Characteristics and their Effects on Waste Activated Sludge Digestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mountziaris, T. J.

    Investigation of EPS Characteristics and their Effects on Waste Activated Sludge Digestion Thomas be accomplished through use of aerobic or anaerobic self digestion, but choice of digestion type in practice on digestibility, especially in regards to the composition of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). Samples

  15. Extinction Characteristics of Catalyst-Assisted Combustion in a Stagnation-Point Flow Reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Im, Hong G.

    -NOx combustion as would be the case in the gas turbine application. In a premixed combustion mode, increasedExtinction Characteristics of Catalyst-Assisted Combustion in a Stagnation-Point Flow Reactor of detailed surface and gas- phase chemical kinetic models. Parametric studies are con- ducted to investigate

  16. Hydrogen absorption characteristics of oxygen-stabilized rare-earth iron intermetallic compounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Hydrogen absorption characteristics of oxygen-stabilized rare-earth iron intermetallic compounds M Abstract. -- The thermal behavior of oxygen-stabilized RjFegO^-hydrogen (R = Y, Dy, Ho) systems was studied decade to the study of the hydrogenation characte- ristics of a variety of intermetallic compounds, our

  17. Effects of Cu Content and Preaging on Precipitation Characteristics in Aluminum Alloy 6022

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, David E.

    Effects of Cu Content and Preaging on Precipitation Characteristics in Aluminum Alloy 6022 W and artificial aging response in aluminum alloy 6022 were investigated using transmission electron microscopy,are an important group of aluminum alloys that can be although its structure has been proposed

  18. Characteristic Operator Functions for Quantum Input-Plant-Output Models & Coherent Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. E. Gough

    2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the characteristic operator as the generalization of the usual concept of a transfer function of linear input-plant-output systems to arbitrary quantum nonlinear Markovian input-output models. This is intended as a tool in the characterization of quantum feedback control systems that fits in with the general theory of networks. The definition exploits the linearity of noise differentials in both the plant Heisenberg equations of motion and the differential form of the input-output relations. Mathematically, the characteristic operator is a matrix of dimension equal to the number of outputs times the number of inputs (which must coincide), but with entries that are operators of the plant system. In this sense the characteristic operator retains details of the effective plant dynamical structure and is an essentially quantum object. We illustrate the relevance to model reduction and simplification by showing that the convergence of the characteristic operator in adiabatic elimination limit models requires the same conditions and assumptions appearing in the work on limit quantum stochastic differential theorems of Bouten and Silberfarb. This approach also shows in a natural way that the limit coefficients of the quantum stochastic differential equations in adiabatic elimination problems arise algebraically as Schur complements, and amounts to a model reduction where the fast degrees of freedom are decoupled from the slow ones, and eliminated.

  19. Biomass, Flavonol Levels and Sensory Characteristics of Allium cultivars Grown Hydroponically at Ambient and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paré, Paul W.

    04ICES-136 Biomass, Flavonol Levels and Sensory Characteristics of Allium cultivars Grown growth chambers to evaluate the effect of elevated CO2 (1200 ppm) versus ambient CO2 (400 ppm) on biomass planting (dap). Regardless of cultivar or dap, plants grown at elevated CO2 had greater biomass

  20. Experimental Study of Heat Transfer and Flow Characteristics for a New Type of Air Heater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, H.; Fan, X.; Li, A.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . It is found that the integrated characteristics of heat transfer and flow friction increase with the hole's diameter at the same hole density (which is equal to the ratio of the hole's total area to the baffle's area), and the heat transfer rate increases...

  1. Performance Characteristics of the First, State-of-the-art Electric Vehicle Implemented in Chile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    Performance Characteristics of the First, State-of-the-art Electric Vehicle Implemented in Chile@ing.puc.cl *University of Concepción Abstract The first, state-of-the-art electric vehicle implemented in Chile to transform a conventional ICE truck to an electric vehicle. The vehicle used for this transformation

  2. Pulsating Heat Pipes: Thermo-fluidic Characteristics and Comparative Study with Single Phase Thermosyphon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khandekar, Sameer

    Pulsating Heat Pipes: Thermo-fluidic Characteristics and Comparative Study with Single Phase of the PHP operation. The fundamental thermo-fluidic processes occurring in the device operation gradients is to cause non-equilibrium pressure conditions, which is the primary driving force for thermo

  3. Electric characteristics of a surface barrier discharge with a plasma induction electrode

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alemskii, I. N.; Lelevkin, V. M.; Tokarev, A. V.; Yudanov, V. A. [Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University (Kyrgyzstan)

    2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Static and dynamic current-voltage and charge-voltage characteristics of a surface barrier discharge with a plasma induction electrode have been investigated experimentally. The dependences of the discharge current on both the gas pressure in the induction electrode tube and the winding pitch of the corona electrode, as well as of the discharge power efficiency on the applied voltage, have been measured.

  4. Quantifying the role of climate and landscape characteristics on hydrologic partitioning and vegetation response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Troch, Peter

    of the water and energy balance, as well as landscape characteristics, to predict Normalized Difference Experiment (MOPEX) catchments across the United States. Statistical analysis revealed that the Horton index energy to available water at the Earth's surface, the aridity index. Here we show that the Horton index

  5. All-optical switching characteristics in bacteriorhodopsin and its applications in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    All-optical switching characteristics in bacteriorhodopsin and its applications in integrated optics Yuhua Huang,1,2 Shin-Tson Wu1 and Youyuan Zhao3 1 School of Optics/CREOL, University of Central, 200062, China 3 Department of Optics & Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200433, China swu

  6. Characteristics of Marine Aggregates in Shallow-water Ecosystems: Implications for Disease Ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allam, Bassem

    hydrophila, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and Mycobacteria sp. These results have importantCharacteristics of Marine Aggregates in Shallow-water Ecosystems: Implications for Disease Ecology Smolowitz,4 Joseph Vallino,4 and Bassem Allam2 1 Department of Marine Sciences, University of Connecticut

  7. Characteristic Behavior of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Resistance during Cold Start

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mench, Matthew M.

    a Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Fuel Cell Dynamics and Diagnostics LaboratoryCharacteristic Behavior of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Resistance during Cold Start Charles fuel cell from -10°C to charac- terize high-frequency resistance behavior, water motion, and ice

  8. Technology shapes every facet of modern life. Familiarity with the characteristics,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ge, Qiaode Jeff

    Technology shapes every facet of modern life. Familiarity with the characteristics, capabilities, and limitations of current and emerging technologies is indispen- sable to wise and effective decisions and address the problems that technology often presents. Technologi- cal developments are indeed re

  9. Electrical Characteristics of Multi-Layer Power Distribution Grids Andrey V. Mezhiba and Eby G. Friedman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Eby G.

    Electrical Characteristics of Multi-Layer Power Distribution Grids Andrey V. Mezhiba and Eby G. Unlike single layer grids, the electrical character- istics of a multi-layer grid can vary significantly. Friedman Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Rochester Rochester, New York

  10. socP2P: P2P Content Discovery Enhancement by considering Social Networks Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    socP2P: P2P Content Discovery Enhancement by considering Social Networks Characteristics Reza-- Content management appears as an essential requirement in order to deploy enhanced P2P networks. In P2P/nodes; therefore an efficient search mechanism is required. The proposed search algorithm in this paper, called socP

  11. Characteristics of subalpine fir susceptible to attack by western balsam bark beetle (Coleoptera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindgren, Staffan

    Characteristics of subalpine fir susceptible to attack by western balsam bark beetle (Coleoptera beetle (Dryocoetes confusus Swaine) predominately attacked trees from the three to four largest diameter classes at each site. However, the mean diameter of attacked trees was significantly different among sites

  12. Plant Characteristics Associated with Natural Enemy Abundance at Michigan Native Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landis, Doug

    BEHAVIOR Plant Characteristics Associated with Natural Enemy Abundance at Michigan Native Plants A. K. FIEDLER1 AND D. A. LANDIS Department of Entomology, 204 Center for Integrated Plant Systems populations by providing them with plant resources such as pollen and nectar. Insects are known to respond

  13. Modeling the Characteristics of Propulsion Systems Providing Less Than 10 N Thrust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Chiasson, Paulo C. Lozano May 2012 SSL#8-12 1 #12;2 #12;Modeling the Characteristics of Propulsion Systems Providing Less Than 10 N Thrust Thomas M. Chiasson, Paulo C. Lozano May 2012 SSL#8-12 1 1 This work is based

  14. Device Characteristics of Bulk-Heterojunction Polymer Solar Cells (DMR-0819860)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petta, Jason

    Device Characteristics of Bulk-Heterojunction Polymer Solar Cells (DMR-0819860) H. Wang, E. Gomez University Polymer solar cells are important candidates for sustainable, low-cost energy generation of vertical compositional heterogeneities on charge transport in polymer solar cells via modular construction

  15. Water relation characteristics and photosynthesis of saline-stressed seedlings of non-halophyte species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Water relation characteristics and photosynthesis of saline-stressed seedlings of non of the present study was to ex- amine the distribution of salts and its effect on photosynthesis for non as relative values against 0% treatment. Photosynthesis by O. asiaticus var. aurantiacus decreased

  16. Fleet vehicles in the Unites States: composition, operating characteristics, and fueling practices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miaou, S.P.; Hu, P.S. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Young, J.R. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States))

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As fleets become a larger proportion of the new vehicle population on the road, they have more influence on the characteristics of the total US motor vehicle population. One of the characteristics which fleets are expected to have the most influence on is the overall vehicle fuel economy. In addition, because of the relatively large market share and the high turnover rate of fleet vehicles, fleets have been considered as a useful initial market for alternative fuel vehicles. In order to analyze fleet market potential and likely market penetration of alternative fuel vehicles and to infrastructure requirements for successful operations of these vehicles in the future, information on fleet sizes and composition, fleet vehicle operating characteristics (such as daily/annual miles of travel), fuel efficiency, and refueling practices, is essential. The purpose of this report is to gather and summarize information from the latest data sources available pertaining to fleet vehicles in the US This report presents fleet vehicle data on composition, operating characteristics, and fueling practices. The questions these data are intended to address include: (1) How are fleet vehicles operated (2) Where are they located and (3) What are their usual fueling practices Since a limited number of alternative fuel fleet vehicles are already in use, data on these vehicles are also included in this report. 17 refs.

  17. Fleet vehicles in the Unites States: composition, operating characteristics, and fueling practices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miaou, S.P.; Hu, P.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Young, J.R. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As fleets become a larger proportion of the new vehicle population on the road, they have more influence on the characteristics of the total US motor vehicle population. One of the characteristics which fleets are expected to have the most influence on is the overall vehicle fuel economy. In addition, because of the relatively large market share and the high turnover rate of fleet vehicles, fleets have been considered as a useful initial market for alternative fuel vehicles. In order to analyze fleet market potential and likely market penetration of alternative fuel vehicles and to infrastructure requirements for successful operations of these vehicles in the future, information on fleet sizes and composition, fleet vehicle operating characteristics (such as daily/annual miles of travel), fuel efficiency, and refueling practices, is essential. The purpose of this report is to gather and summarize information from the latest data sources available pertaining to fleet vehicles in the US This report presents fleet vehicle data on composition, operating characteristics, and fueling practices. The questions these data are intended to address include: (1) How are fleet vehicles operated? (2) Where are they located? and (3) What are their usual fueling practices? Since a limited number of alternative fuel fleet vehicles are already in use, data on these vehicles are also included in this report. 17 refs.

  18. Quantitative Measures of Rearing And Spawning Habitat Characteristics For Stream-Dwelling Salmonids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keeley, Ernest R.

    for stream-dwelling salmonids: guidelines for habitat restoration. Province of British Columbia, MinistryQuantitative Measures of Rearing And Spawning Habitat Characteristics For Stream-Dwelling Salmonids: Guidelines For Habitat Restoration by E.R. Keeley and P.A. Slaney Watershed Restoration Project Report No. 4

  19. SOIL MOISTURE RETENTION CHARACTERISTICS AT RD 838 OF I. G. N. P. STAGE -II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, C.P.

    aquifers. For analytical studies on soil moisture regime, critical review and accurate assessment among soil moisture characteristic curves are attributed primarily to the differences in pore size structures. In addition, the curves generally show hysteresis according to the wetting or drying of soils

  20. RESEARCH ARTICLE Dynamic wind loads and wake characteristics of a wind turbine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Hui

    installed in onshore or/and offshore wind farms in order to meet the 20% electricity generation goal. WindRESEARCH ARTICLE Dynamic wind loads and wake characteristics of a wind turbine model in an atmospheric boundary layer wind Hui Hu · Zifeng Yang · Partha Sarkar Received: 16 August 2011 / Revised: 1

  1. Beyond Availability: Towards a Deeper Understanding of Machine Failure Characteristics in Large Distributed Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbons, Phillip B.

    Beyond Availability: Towards a Deeper Understanding of Machine Failure Characteristics in Large, availability research has reached a point where properties beyond these initial findings become impor- tant for designing highly available distributed systems. Using several case studies, we further show that our design

  2. Characteristics of a Linearly Tapered Slot Antenna (LTSA) Conformed Longitudinally Around a Cylinder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    Characteristics of a Linearly Tapered Slot Antenna (LTSA) Conformed Longitudinally Around a Linearly Tapered Slot Antenna (LTSA) conformed longitudinally around a cylinder. Measured and simulated are presented. Fig. 1: Schematic of LTSA with dimensions in cm. Fig. 2: LTSA wrapped around 90º curve. LTSA

  3. Leadership is not defined by one characteristic or quality. Effective leaders come from a range of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haiying

    Leadership is not defined by one characteristic or quality. Effective leaders come from a range of cultural backgrounds and often have varied leadership styles. The Goolsby Leadership Academy or imitating others, but by developing their distinctive strengths. The Goolsby Leadership Academy invigorates

  4. Evaluating specific error characteristics of microwave-derived cloud liquid water products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher, Sundar A.

    of cloud LWP products globally using concurrent data from visible/ infrared satellite sensors. The approachEvaluating specific error characteristics of microwave-derived cloud liquid water products Thomas J microwave satellite measurements. Using coincident visible/infrared satellite data, errors are isolated

  5. Impact of Soil Type and Compaction Conditions on Soil Water Characteristic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Sheng-Tao

    Impact of Soil Type and Compaction Conditions on Soil Water Characteristic C. J. Miller, M.ASCE1 the variation of water content and pore water suction for compacted clayey soils. The soils had varying amounts of clay fraction with plasticities ranging from low to high plasticity. The unsaturated soil behavior

  6. STATUS OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE GENERATION IN KERALA AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    STATUS OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE GENERATION IN KERALA AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS Dr. R. Ajayakumar the generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) in Kerala beyond the assimilative of capacity of our environment and management capacity of the existing waste management systems. Therefore, there is an urgent necessity

  7. On the effect of demographic characteristics on the formulation of solid waste charging policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    On the effect of demographic characteristics on the formulation of solid waste charging policy A. Trends in municipal solid waste charging policies Municipal waste services constitute a very important of municipal charges in Greece, as the fees paid by municipal waste producers to the municipal authorities

  8. Emission characteristics and dynamics of the stagnation layer in colliding laser produced plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harilal, S. S.

    Emission characteristics and dynamics of the stagnation layer in colliding laser produced plasmas P been investigated using time and space resolved optical emission spectroscopies and spectrally and angularly resolved fast imaging. The emission results highlight a difference in neutral atom and ion

  9. Emission characteristics and dynamics of C2 from laser produced graphite plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harilal, S. S.

    Emission characteristics and dynamics of C2 from laser produced graphite plasma S. S. Harilal, Riju 1996; accepted for publication 20 December 1996 The emission features of laser ablated graphite plume diagnostic technique. Time resolved optical emission spectroscopy is employed to reveal the velocity

  10. Flow Rate Dependence of Soil Hydraulic Characteristics D. Wildenschild,* J. W. Hopmans, J. Simunek

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wildenschild, Dorthe

    Flow Rate Dependence of Soil Hydraulic Characteristics D. Wildenschild,* J. W. Hopmans, J. Simunek that some of the pores in theanalyzed using both steady state and transient flow analysis. One before their air-entry pres- loamy soil to evaluate the influence of flow rate on the calculated sure

  11. Mechanical characteristics of aged Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood from Japanese historical buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    historical buildings -Comparative analyses with accelerated aging wood- Misao YOKOYAMA*1 , Joseph GRIL*1 Abstract Wood is present in many cultural heritage objects thanks to its capacity to resist odvantage with mechanical characteristics of aged hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood of Japanese historical buildings

  12. Investigation of Flow Characteristics in an Airlift-Driven Raceway Reactor for Algae Cultivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investigation of Flow Characteristics in an Airlift-Driven Raceway Reactor for Algae Cultivation are the most common choice for outdoor algae cultivation due to their low cost relative to enclosed. Algae require adequate mixing in order to maximize exposure to essential nutrients for growth

  13. Performance Characteristics of Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries: A Monte Carlo Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    Performance Characteristics of Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries: A Monte Carlo Strategy to study the performance of cathode materials in lithium-ion batteries. The methodology takes into account. Published September 26, 2008. Lithium-ion batteries are state-of-the-art power sources1 for por- table

  14. Quadratic and differential forms over function fields of Pfister quadrics in characteristic two*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    @inst-mat.utalca.cl Abstract Let F be a field of characteristic 2. Let nFbe the F-space of differ- ential + nV a db, then let nF= 1Fand d : nF ! n+1Fbe the differential operato

  15. Derivation of soil-specific streaming potential electrical parameters from hydrodynamic characteristics of partially

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    characteristics of partially saturated soils D. Jougnot1 , N. Linde1 , A. Revil2,3 , and C. Doussan4 1 Institute: damien.jougnot@unil.ch Niklas Linde: niklas.linde@unil.ch André Revil: arevil@mines.edu Claude Doussan

  16. Global observations and spectral characteristics of desert dust and biomass burning aerosols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graaf, Martin de

    Global observations and spectral characteristics of desert dust and biomass burning aerosols M. de (UV) absorbing aerosols, mainly desert dust and biomass burning aerosols. The AAI is not an aerosol quantity, but a radiation difference in the UV. Its main advantages are its insensitivity to scattering

  17. Organic matter characteristics of CenomanianTuronian source rocks: implications for petroleum and gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Organic matter characteristics of Cenomanian­Turonian source rocks: implications for petroleum from the Senegal margin basin, believed to be the main source rocks in the area, have been matter sources; Depositional environment; Petroleum source rock #12;1. Introduction Fig. 1. (a) Map

  18. Identification of characteristic protein folding channels in a coarse-grained hydrophobic-polar peptide model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachmann, Michael

    Identification of characteristic protein folding channels in a coarse-grained hydrophobic of protein folding is one of the major challenges of modern interdisciplinary science. Proteins are linear simulations of protein folding are difficult, mainly for two reasons. Firstly, the folding process is so slow

  19. Flowfield and wall pressure characteristics downstream of a boundary layer suction device.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tinney, Charles E.

    Flowfield and wall pressure characteristics downstream of a boundary layer suction device. Meagan A-dimensional slit can significantly reduce the fluctuating wall pressure immediately downstream of the suction slit momentum regions of the flow with the wall at the downstream edge of the suction slit. The third region

  20. Neurobiology of Aging 32 (2011) 669679 Age-related trends in saccade characteristics among the elderly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munoz, Douglas Perry

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neurobiology of Aging 32 (2011) 669­679 Age-related trends in saccade characteristics among of Psychology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada e CIHR Group in Sensory-Motor Systems, Queen in reaction time also correlated positively with age in both saccade tasks. Voluntary saccade control

  1. The Different Characteristics of Aquifer Parameters and Their Implications on Pumping-Test Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiao, Jiu Jimmy

    The Different Characteristics of Aquifer Parameters and Their Implications on Pumping-Test Analysis and storativity, under constant-rate pumping conditions. A two-way coordinate is such that the conditions implications on pumping-test designs and interpretation. For example, to estimate the parameters

  2. Surface controls on the characteristics of natural CO2 seeps: implications for engineered CO2 stores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haszeldine, Stuart

    of the CO2 seeps is most strongly governed by the flow properties of the outcropping rocks, and local emerge where valleys erode into CO2 aquifers, and these are typically high flux seeps. Seep type is knownSurface controls on the characteristics of natural CO2 seeps: implications for engineered CO2

  3. Fundamental Study of the Oxidation Characteristics and Pollutant Emissions of Model Biodiesel Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feng, Q.; Wang, Y. L.; Egolfopoulos, Fokion N.; Tsotsis, T. T.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, the oxidation characteristics of biodiesel fuels are investigated with the goal of contributing toward the fundamental understanding of their combustion characteristics and evaluating the effect of using these alternative fuels on engine performance as well as on the environment. The focus of the study is on pure fatty acid methyl-esters (FAME,) that can serve as surrogate compounds for real biodiesels. The experiments are conducted in the stagnation-flow configuration, which allows for the systematic evaluation of fundamental combustion and emission characteristics. In this paper, the focus is primarily on the pollutant emission characteristics of two C{sub 4} FAMEs, namely, methyl-butanoate and methyl-crotonate, whose behavior is compared with that of n-butane and n-pentane. To provide insight into the mechanisms of pollutant formation for these fuels, the experimental data are compared with computed results using a model with consistent C{sub 1}?C{sub 4} oxidation and NO{sub x} formation kinetics.

  4. Experimental and Modeling Studies of the Characteristics of Liquid Biofuels for Enhanced Combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    E. Meeks; A. U. Modak; C.V. Naik; K. V. Puduppakkam; C. Westbrook; F. N. Egolfopoulos; T. Tsotsis; S. H. Roby

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objectives of this project have been to develop a comprehensive set of fundamental data regarding the combustion behavior of biodiesel fuels and appropriately associated model fuels that may represent biodiesels in automotive engineering simulation. Based on the fundamental study results, an auxiliary objective was to identify differentiating characteristics of molecular fuel components that can be used to explain different fuel behavior and that may ultimately be used in the planning and design of optimal fuel-production processes. The fuels studied in this project were BQ-9000 certified biodiesel fuels that are certified for use in automotive engine applications. Prior to this project, there were no systematic experimental flame data available for such fuels. One of the key goals has been to generate such data, and to use this data in developing and verifying effective kinetic models. The models have then been reduced through automated means to enable multi-dimensional simulation of the combustion characteristics of such fuels in reciprocating engines. Such reliable kinetics models, validated against fundamental data derived from laminar flames using idealized flow models, are key to the development and design of optimal engines, engine operation and fuels. The models provide direct information about the relative contribution of different molecular constituents to the fuel performance and can be used to assess both combustion and emissions characteristics. During this project, we completed a major and thorough validation of a set of biodiesel surrogate components, allowing us to begin to evaluate the fundamental combustion characteristics for B100 fuels.

  5. Characteristics Data Base: Programmer's guide to the High-Level Waste Data Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, K.E. (DataPhile, Inc., Knoxville, TN (USA)); Salmon, R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The High-Level Waste Data Base is a menu-driven PC data base developed as part of OCRWM's technical data base on the characteristics of potential repository wastes, which also includes spent fuel and other materials. This programmer's guide completes the documentation for the High-Level Waste Data Base, the user's guide having been published previously. 3 figs.

  6. PFP Commercial Grade Food Pack Cans for Plutonium Handling and Storage Critical Characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BONADIE, E.P.

    2000-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This document specifies the critical characteristics for containers procured for Plutonium Finishing Plant's (PFP's) Vault Operations system as required by HNF-PRO-268 and HNF-PRO-1819. These are the minimum specifications that the equipment must meet in order to perform its safety function.

  7. Experimental Study of Heat Transfer and Flow Characteristics for a New Type of Air Heater 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, H.; Fan, X.; Li, A.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . It is found that the integrated characteristics of heat transfer and flow friction increase with the hole's diameter at the same hole density (which is equal to the ratio of the hole's total area to the baffle's area), and the heat transfer rate increases...

  8. Heat transfer and friction characteristics of air flow in microtubes Chien-Yuh Yang a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandlikar, Satish

    Heat transfer and friction characteristics of air flow in microtubes Chien-Yuh Yang a, , Chia September 2011 Keywords: Microtube Heat transfer Liquid Crystal Thermography a b s t r a c t Several researches dealing with the single-phase forced convection heat transfer inside microchannels have been

  9. Tunneling characteristics in chemical vapor deposited graphene hexagonal boron nitride graphene junctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feenstra, Randall

    1 Tunneling characteristics in chemical vapor deposited graphene ­ hexagonal boron nitride ­ graphene junctions T. Roy1 , L. Liu2 , S. de la Barrera,3 B. Chakrabarti1,4 , Z. R. Hesabi1 , C. A. Joiner1 Abstract: Large area chemical vapor deposited graphene and hexagonal boron nitride was used to fabricate

  10. The seizure prediction characteristic: a general framework to assess and compare seizure prediction methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timmer, Jens

    The seizure prediction characteristic: a general framework to assess and compare seizure prediction, numerous methods have been suggested that claim to predict from the EEG the onset of epileptic seizures of a seizure prediction method and an intervention system, would improve patient quality of life. The question

  11. Soil and groundwater characteristics of saline sites supporting boreal mixedwood forests in northern Alberta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macdonald, Ellen

    Soil and groundwater characteristics of saline sites supporting boreal mixedwood forests September 2009. Lilles, E. B., Purdy, B. G., Chang, S. X. and Macdonald, S. E. 2010. Soil and groundwater, pH, and nutrient and moisture availabilities) and groundwater at six naturally saline sites

  12. RF propagation in an HVAC duct system: impulse response characteristics of the channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stancil, Daniel D.

    RF propagation in an HVAC duct system: impulse response characteristics of the channel Pavel V, the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) duct system in buildings is a complex network of hollow at RF and microwave frequencies of com- mon interest. HVAC ducts can be used as a wireless communication

  13. Incorporating psychosocial characteristics in cost-effectiveness modelling of Type 1 diabetes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Incorporating psychosocial characteristics in cost-effectiveness modelling of Type 1 diabetes Unit of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University education programme that aims to teach individuals with Type 1 diabetes to change their self-care behaviours

  14. Maximal wild monodromy in unequal characteristic Claus Lehr and Michel Matignon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Maximal wild monodromy in unequal characteristic Claus Lehr and Michel Matignon June 2, 2006 over which C has a stable model. In particular we are interested in the wild part of this extension the techniques developed in that paper we study the wild finite monodromy extension, i.e. the extension

  15. Friction and Heat Transfer Characteristics of Silica and CNT Nanofluids in a Tube Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    Friction and Heat Transfer Characteristics of Silica and CNT Nanofluids in a Tube Flow MILIVOJE M of nanofluids in tube flow has been developed, instrumented and computerized. It has been calibrated using) nanofluids show peculiar results with substantial friction drag reduction and heat transfer enhancement

  16. Self-learning IP Traffic Classification based on Statistical Flow Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zander, Sebastian

    and intrusion detection. The most common identification technique based on the inspection of `known port numbers or encrypted traffic. The authors of [1] propose signature-based methods to classify P2P traffic. AlthoughSelf-learning IP Traffic Classification based on Statistical Flow Characteristics Sebastian Zander1

  17. Soil Physicochemical Characteristics from Ice Wedge Polygons, Barrow, Alaska, Ver. 1

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Chowdhury, Taniya

    This dataset provides details about soil cores (active layer and permafrost) collected from ice-wedge polygons during field expeditions to Barrow Environmental Observatory, Alaska in April, 2012 and 2013. Core information available are exact core locations; soil horizon descriptions and characteristics; and fundamental soil physico-chemical properties.

  18. Water Transport Characteristics of Gas Diffusion Layer in a PEM Fuel Cell

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ashok S. Damle; J. Vernon Cole

    2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A presentation addressing the following: Water transport in PEM Fuel Cells - a DoE Project 1. Gas Diffusion Layer--Role and Characteristics 2. Capillary Pressure Determinations of GDL Media 3. Gas Permeability Measurements of GDL Media 4. Conclusions and Future Activities

  19. Creative Character Design Based on Combination of 2D and 3D Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salimi Beni, Anahita

    2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This research combines the need for innovation in character design with the idea of combining 2D and 3D characteristics to create an original and appealing character style. The goal has been to benefit from the capabilities of 3D animation while...

  20. Pascal triangle, Stirling numbers and the unique invariance of the Euler characteristic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luzón, Ana

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We use some basic properties of binomial and Stirling numbers to prove that the Euler characteristic is, essentially, the unique numerical topological invariant for compact polyhedra which can be expressed as a linear combination of the numbers of faces of triangulations. We obtain this result converting it into an eigenvalue problem.

  1. NU-MineBench: Understanding the Performance and Scalability Characteristics of Data Mining Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choudhary, Alok

    NU-MineBench: Understanding the Performance and Scalability Characteristics of Data Mining Clara. CA - 95052 pradeep.dubey@intel.com Abstract Data mining has become one of the most essential and distributed systems have provided abundant venues for improving the performance of data mining algorithms

  2. Flow Characteristics Analysis of Widows' Creek Type Control Valve for Steam Turbine Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoo, Yong H.; Sohn, Myoung S.; Suh, Kune Y. [PHILOSOPHIA, Inc., Seoul National University, San 56-1 Sillim-dong, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The steam turbine converts the kinetic energy of steam to mechanical energy of rotor blades in the power conversion system of fossil and nuclear power plants. The electric output from the generator of which the rotor is coupled with that of the steam turbine depends on the rotation velocity of the steam turbine bucket. The rotation velocity is proportional to the mass flow rate of steam entering the steam turbine through valves and nozzles. Thus, it is very important to control the steam mass flow rate for the load following operation of power plants. Among various valves that control the steam turbine, the control valve is most significant. The steam flow rate is determined by the area formed by the stem disk and the seat of the control valve. While the ideal control valve linearly controls the steam mass flow rate with its stem lift, the real control valve has various flow characteristic curves pursuant to the stem lift type. Thus, flow characteristic curves are needed to precisely design the control valves manufactured for the operating conditions of nuclear power plants. OMEGA (Optimized Multidimensional Experiment Geometric Apparatus) was built to experimentally study the flow characteristics of steam flowing inside the control valve. The Widows' Creek type control valve was selected for reference. Air was selected as the working fluid in the OMEGA loop to exclude the condensation effect in this simplified approach. Flow characteristic curves were plotted by calculating the ratio of the measured mass flow rate versus the theoretical mass flow rate of the air. The flow characteristic curves are expected to be utilized to accurately design and operate the control valve for fossil as well as nuclear plants. (authors)

  3. Output power characteristics and performance of TOPAZ II Thermionic Fuel Element No. 24

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luchau, D.W.; Bruns, D.R. [Team Specialty Services, Inc., TOPAZ International Program, 901 University Blvd., SE, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106 (United States); Izhvanov, O.; Androsov, V. [JV INERTEK, Scientific Industrial Association ``Luch``, 24 Zheleznodorozhnaya, Podolsk, (Russia) 142100

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A final report on the output power characteristics and capabilities of single cell TOPAZ II Thermionic Fuel Element (TFE) No. 24 is presented. Thermal power tests were conducted for over 3000 hours to investigate converter performance under normal and adverse operating conditions. Experiments conducted include low power testing, high power testing, air introduction to the interelectrode gap, collector temperature optimization, thermal modeling, and output power characteristic measurements. During testing, no unexpected degradation in converter performance was observed. The TFE has been removed from the test stand and returned to Scientific Industrial Association {open_quote}{open_quote}LUCH{close_quote}{close_quote} for materials analysis and report. This research was conducted at the Thermionic System Evaluation Test (TSET) Facility at the New Mexico Engineering Research Institute (NMERI) as a part of the Topaz International Program (TIP) by the Air Force Phillips Laboratory (PL). {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

  4. Identification and genetic characterization of maize cell wall variation for improved biorefinery feedstock characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pauly, Markus [UC Berkeley] [UC Berkeley; Hake, Sarah [USDA Albany] [USDA Albany

    2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The objectives of this program are to 1) characterize novel maize mutants with altered cell walls for enhanced biorefinery characteristics and 2) find quantitative trait loci (QTLs) related to biorefinery characteristics by taking advantage of the genetic diversity of maize. As a result a novel non-transgenic maize plant (cal1) has been identified, whose stover (leaves and stalk) contain more glucan in their walls leading to a higher saccharification yield, when subjected to a standard enzymatic digestion cocktail. Stacking this trait with altered lignin mutants yielded evene higher saccharification yields. Cal-1 mutants do not show a loss of kernel and or biomass yield when grown in the field . Hence, cal1 biomass provides an excellent feedstock for the biofuel industry.

  5. Annual report of the Wind Characteristics Program Element, July 1978-September 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wendell, L.L.; Barchet, W.R.; Connell, J.R.; Miller, A.H.; Pennell, W.T.; Renne, D.S.

    1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a service element within the Federal Wind Energy Program, the Wind Characteristics Program Element (WCPE) is established to provide the appropriate wind characteristics information to those involved in: the design and evaluation of wind energy conversion systems (WECS); energy program planning; selecting sites for WECS installation; and the operation of WECS. To effectively produce the information needed in these four categories, the WCPE, for which the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has the responsibility for management and technical assistance, has been divided into four technical program areas. During this reporting period PNL was also assigned the management responsibility for the data collection at the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) candidate sites, as well as the task of providing technical assistance to DOE evaluation and site selection panels for new candidate sites.

  6. Ion beam characteristics of the controlatron/zetatron family of the gas filled neutron tubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, R.S.; Shope, L.A.; O'Neal, M.L.; Boers, J.E.; Bickes, R.W. Jr.

    1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A gas filled tube used to produce a neutron flux with the D(T,He/sup 4/)n reaction is described. Deuterium and tritium ions generated in a reflex discharge are extracted and accelerated to 100 keV by means of an accelerator electrode onto a deutero-tritide target electrode. The electrodes are designed to focus the ion beam onto the target. Total tube currents consisting of extracted ions, unsuppressed secondary electrons, and ions generated by interactions with the background gas are typically 100 mA. The characteristics of the extracted ion beam are discussed. Accelerating voltages greater than 50 kV are required to focus the beam through the accelerator aperture for configurations that give beams with the proper energy density onto the target. The perveance of the beam is discussed. Maximum perveance values are 2 to 20 nanopervs. Tube focusing and neutron production characteristics are described.

  7. Polarization characteristics of surface plasmon resonance in SnO{sub 2} nanocluster films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grinevich, V. S., E-mail: grinevich@onu.edu.ua [Mechnikov Odessa National University (Ukraine); Maximenko, L. S.; Matyash, I. E.; Mischuk, O. N.; Rudenko, S. P.; Serdega, B. K. [National Academy of Sciences, Lashkaryov Institute of Semiconductor Physics (Ukraine); Smyntyna, V. A.; Filevskaya, L. N. [Mechnikov Odessa National University (Ukraine)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Internal reflection features caused by the surface plasmon resonance in nanoscale films containing defect tin dioxide clusters in the stoichiometric dielectric matrix are studied by the method of polarization modulation of electromagnetic radiation. The angular and spectral characteristics of reflectances R{sub s}{sup 2} and R{sub p}{sup 2} of s- and p-polarized radiation and their polarization difference {rho} = R{sub s}{sup 2} - R{sub p}{sup 2} are measured in the wavelength range {lambda} = 400-1600 nm. The experimental characteristics {rho}({theta}, {lambda}) ({theta} is the radiation incidence angle) obtained represent the optical property features associated with the film structure and morphology. Surface plasmon polaritons and local plasmons excited by s- and p-polarized radiation are detected; their frequency and relaxation properties are determined. The structural sensitivity of the technique for studying the surface plasmon resonance for tin dioxide films is shown.

  8. Comparison of spatially resolved carrier lifetimes in mc-Si with solar cell and material characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glunz, S.W.; Hebling, C.; Warta, W.; Wettling, W. [Fraunhofer-Inst. fuer Solare Energiesysteme, Freiburg (Germany)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors introduce a novel application of modulated free carrier absorption (MFCA) for measuring minority carrier lifetimes in multicrystalline silicon with high spatial resolution. The improved lateral resolution compared to other contactless techniques allows the correlation between these lifetime maps and solar cell characteristics as well as microscopic properties, like dislocations, precipitates, oxygen concentration, etc. Comparisons of the lifetime maps measured on the starting material and light beam induced current (LBIC) maps exhibit a very good qualitative correlation of the structures observed in both cases. In addition, correlations to microscopic characteristics like high dislocation density in regions with low lifetimes are investigated and a comparison with spatially resolved FT-IR measurements of the interstitial oxygen concentration is performed.

  9. Power dissipation characteristics of zinc-oxide arresters for HVDC systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horiuchi, S.; Ichikawa, F. (Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc., Tokyo (JP)); Mizukoshi, A. (Hitachi Research Lab., Hitachi Ltd. (JP)); Kurita, K.; Shirakawa, S. (Kokubu Works Hitachi Ltd., Ibaraki (JP))

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zinc-oxide arresters without series gaps have been used for HVDC systems. The voltage wave shapes applied to HVDC arresters are not a simple sinusoidal shape, so that the leakage current contains high frequency components. The power dissipation characteristics of a thyristor valve arrester were measured using a 1/25 prorated arrester section with a 5kV/500kW thyristor bridge. High frequency power dissipation characteristics of zinc-oxide elements were measured and it was shown that the high frequency power dissipation of the thyristor valve arrester was larger than that of an AC system arrester. Consideration of the equivalent continuous operating voltage for the performance test of an HVDC arrester are presented.

  10. Hydrogen sensing characteristics of semipolar (112{sup ¯}2) GaN Schottky diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hyeon Baik, Kwang [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hongik University, Jochiwon, Sejong 339-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hyonwoong; Jang, Soohwan, E-mail: jangmountain@dankook.ac.kr [Department of Chemical Engineering, Dankook University, Yongin 448-701 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Sung-Nam [Department of Nano-Optical Engineering, Korea Polytechnic University, Siheung, Gyeonggi 429-793 (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Eunju [Department of Applied Physics, Institute of Nanosensor and Biotechnology, Dankook University, Yongin 448-701 (Korea, Republic of); Pearton, S. J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Ren, F. [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)

    2014-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The hydrogen detection characteristics of semipolar (112{sup ¯}2) plane GaN Schottky diodes were investigated and compared to c-plane Ga- and N-polar and nonpolar a-plane (112{sup ¯}0) GaN diodes. The semipolar GaN diodes showed large current response to 4% hydrogen in nitrogen gas with an accompanying Schottky barrier reduction of 0.53?eV at 25?°C, and the devices exhibited full recovery to the initial current level upon switching to a nitrogen ambient. The current-voltage characteristics of the semipolar devices remained rectifying after hydrogen exposure, in sharp contrast to the case of c-plane N-polar GaN. These results show that the surface atom configuration and polarity play a strong role in hydrogen sensing with GaN.

  11. System and method for non-destructive evaluation of surface characteristics of a magnetic material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jiles, David C. (Ames, IA); Sipahi, Levent B. (Ames, IA)

    1994-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and a related method for non-destructive evaluation of the surface characteristics of a magnetic material. The sample is excited by an alternating magnetic field. The field frequency, amplitude and offset are controlled according to a predetermined protocol. The Barkhausen response of the sample is detected for the various fields and offsets and is analyzed. The system produces information relating to the frequency content, the amplitude content, the average or RMS energy content, as well as count rate information, for each of the Barkhausen responses at each of the excitation levels applied during the protocol. That information provides a contiguous body of data, heretofore unavailable, which can be analyzed to deduce information about the surface characteristics of the material at various depths below the surface.

  12. Minimization of DC Reactor and Operation Characteristics of Direct-Power-Controlled Current-Source PWM Rectifier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fujimoto, Hiroshi

    Minimization of DC Reactor and Operation Characteristics of Direct-Power-Controlled Current describes a direct-power-controlled current-source PWM rectifier, and presents operation characteristics modes on the basis of a relay control technique of instantaneous active and reactive power, using

  13. Power losses in PV arrays due to variations in the I-V characteristics of PV modules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinemann, Detlev

    Power losses in PV arrays due to variations in the I-V characteristics of PV modules Wolfgang Damm-V characteristics of the 36 individual modules of a PV generator at the University of Oldenburg were measured the basis for the calculations of the mismatch losses due to series and parallel connection of PV modules

  14. Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopic Studies of the Effects of Dielectrics and Metallic Substrates on the Local Electronic Characteristics of Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeh, Nai-Chang

    on the Local Electronic Characteristics of Graphene N.-C. Yeha , M.-L. Teaguea , D. A. Boydb , M. W. Bockrathb Atomically resolved imaging and spectroscopic characteristics of graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on copper foils are investigated and compared with those of mechanical exfoliated graphene on Si

  15. Effects of microstructure on native oxide scale development and electrical characteristics of eutectic CuCu6La alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    , and the characteristics of the native oxide scales lead to contact resistances orders of magnitude higher than thoseEffects of microstructure on native oxide scale development and electrical characteristics atomic force microscopy techniques have been used to study the microstructure, oxide scale development

  16. Measurement of Component Cell Current-Voltage Characteristics in a Tandem-JunctionTwo-Terminal Solar Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Xunming

    Measurement of Component Cell Current-Voltage Characteristics in a Tandem- JunctionTwo-Terminal-V) characteristics in a tandem-junction two-terminal solar cell is described. The measurements are performed with (a, solar cells Introduction In the course of fabricating and optimizing multiple-junction, two-terminal

  17. IEEE JOURNAL OF QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, VOL. 46, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2010 1605 Characteristics of Edge-Emitting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    characteristics, quantum efficiency, gain, and self-heating characteristics are investigated in detail. Threefold frequency conversion [10], [11] and opto- electronic integrated circuits, such as monolithic electrically of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S3G4, Canada (e-mail: cz

  18. Characteristics of radio-frequency atmospheric pressure dielectric-barrier discharge with dielectric electrodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussain, S., E-mail: shussain@uos.edu.pk, E-mail: shussainuos@yahoo.com; Qazi, H. I. A.; Badar, M. A. [Department of Physics, University of Sargodha, 40100 Sargodha (Pakistan)] [Department of Physics, University of Sargodha, 40100 Sargodha (Pakistan)

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental investigation to characterize the properties and highlight the benefits of atmospheric pressure radio-frequency dielectric-barrier discharge (rf DBD) with dielectric electrodes fabricated by anodizing aluminium substrate is presented. The current-voltage characteristics and millisecond images are used to distinguish the ? and ? modes. This atmospheric rf DBD is observed to retain the discharge volume without constriction in ? mode. Optical emission spectroscopy demonstrates that the large discharge current leads to more abundant reactive species in this plasma source.

  19. A statistical investigation of the temporal characteristics of global radiation at two selected stations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carvell, Frank Joseph

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -term trends in radiation receipt on a regional or global scale. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This graduate program was sponsored and financed by the Air Force Institute of Technology (Air University), Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. Hy sincerest gratitude...A STATISTICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE TEMPORAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GLOBAL RADIATION AT TWO SELECTED STATIONS A Thesis by FRANK JOSEPH CARVELL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  20. Thermal hydraulic characteristics study of prototype NET and CEA cable-in-conduit conductors (CICCs)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maekawa, Ryuji

    1995-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The thermal hydraulic characteristics of low temperature helium in a Cable-in-Conduit Conductor (CICC) significantly affects the overall design and performance of the associated large scale superconducting magnet system. It is essential to understand the transient and steady state behavior of the helium in the conductor. Throughout the development of CICCs, the reduction of flow impedance has been one of the key factors to improving the overall pressure drop. The newly developed CICC for the ITER project has a hybrid cooling scheme: a central channel that is surrounded by bundles, for which the thermal hydraulic characteristics are not well understood. This thesis describes an experimental and analytical investigation of thermal hydraulic characteristics of low temperature helium in conventional and hybrid CICCS. Pressure drop measurements for both NET and CEA conductors have been conducted, using low temperature helium and liquid nitrogen to obtain a range of Reynolds numbers. The results are correlated with classical friction factor and Reynolds number analysis. The flow impedance reduction of the CEA conductor is described by measures of a developed flow model. Thermally induced flow in the CEA conductor has been studied with an inductive heating method. The induced velocity in the central channel is measured by a Pitot tube with steady state Reynolds number up to {approximately}7000. The transient pressure wave propagation has been recorded with pressure transducers placed equally along the conductor. The supercritical helium temperature in the central channel has been measured with the thermometer probe. However, the reduction of the central channel area significantly affects the overall thermal hydraulic characteristics of the conductor. The results suggest the importance of the central channel. A transient heat transfer experiment studied the.transverse heat transfer mechanism in the CEA conductor. The temperatures in the central channel and bundle region were measured with different sized heat pulses. The results are discussed in terms of a heat transfer model which is based upon the communication of the helium in the central channel and bundle.