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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Clark County- Solar and Wind Building Permit Guides  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Clark County, Nevada has established guides for obtaining building permits for wind and solar photovoltaic (PV) systems for both residential and commercial purposes. The guides outline applicable...

2

Clark County - Solar and Wind Building Permit Guides (Nevada...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and commercial wind projects must submit commercial electrical sub permit applications. Solar permit applications must include minimum electric design information to confirm that...

3

Solar Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Wind Place Krasnodar, Romania Zip 350000 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Russia-based PV product manufacturer. Solar Wind manufactures...

4

THE SOLAR WIND PLASMA Dr. Joe Borovsky  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE SOLAR WIND PLASMA Dr. Joe Borovsky Los Alamos National Laboratory and University of Michigan Wednesday, 19 October 2011 4:00 pm Room 1005 EECS Building Abstract The solar wind is a large bumps and wiggles at all timescales. A difficulty in characterizing the solar wind from the time

Shyy, Wei

5

Solar buildings. Overview: The Solar Buildings Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Buildings account for more than one third of the energy used in the United States each year, consuming vast amounts of electricity, natural gas, and fuel oil. Given this level of consumption, the buildings sector is rife with opportunity for alternative energy technologies. The US Department of Energy`s Solar Buildings Program was established to take advantage of this opportunity. The Solar Buildings Program is engaged in research, development, and deployment on solar thermal technologies, which use solar energy to produce heat. The Program focuses on technologies that have the potential to produce economically competitive energy for the buildings sector.

Not Available

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed WindSolar Interconnection Workshop Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed WindSolar Interconnection Workshop May 21, 2013 8:00AM...

7

Fact Sheet: Multilateral Solar and Wind Working Group | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Multilateral Solar and Wind Working Group Multilateral Solar and Wind Working Group Fact Sheet: Multilateral Solar and Wind Working Group A fact sheet detailling the development of a Multilateral Solar and Wind Working Group to promote accelerated deployment of solar and wind technologies by implementing recommendations from the MEF Technology Action Plan on Solar and Wind Technologies that was released by the Major Economies Forum Global Partnership in December 2009. The Multilateral Solar and Wind Working Group will focus its initial work on developing a Global Atlas for Solar and Wind Energy and a corresponding Long-Term Strategy on Joint Capacity Building. Fact Sheet: Multilateral Solar and Wind Working Group More Documents & Publications Renewables-Fact-Sheet.pdf Clean Energy Ministerial Press Fact Sheer

8

Solar and wind power advancing  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Solar and wind power advancing U.S. electricity generation from wind and solar energy show no signs of slowing down. In its new monthly forecast, the U.S. Energy Information...

9

The Solar Wind Energy Flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar-wind energy flux measured near the ecliptic is known to be independent of the solar-wind speed. Using plasma data from Helios, Ulysses, and Wind covering a large range of latitudes and time, we show that the solar-wind energy flux is independent of the solar-wind speed and latitude within 10%, and that this quantity varies weakly over the solar cycle. In other words the energy flux appears as a global solar constant. We also show that the very high speed solar-wind (VSW > 700 km/s) has the same mean energy flux as the slower wind (VSW solar-wind speed and density, which formalizes the anti-correlation between these quantities.

Chat, G Le; Meyer-Vernet, N

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Pierre's Prototype for Wind and Solar - Capitol Lake Plaza | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pierre's Prototype for Wind and Solar - Capitol Lake Plaza Pierre's Prototype for Wind and Solar - Capitol Lake Plaza Pierre's Prototype for Wind and Solar - Capitol Lake Plaza June 3, 2010 - 3:22pm Addthis Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? 80 photovoltaic (PV) solar energy system and two vertical wind turbines will produce up to 40 percent of the building's total energy usage Capitol Lake Plaza sits centrally on Pierre, S.D.'s government plaza. Originally built in 1974, the building has been undergoing major energy renovations since being purchased by the state two years ago. Two major components of the renovation are about to appear at the building's highest point: solar panels and wind turbines are being installed on the roof. The 80 photovoltaic (PV) solar energy system and two vertical wind turbines will produce up to 40 percent of the building's total energy usage, says

11

Wind loading on solar collectors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present design methodology for the determination of wind loading on the various solar collectors has been reviewed and assessed. The total force coefficients of flat plates of aspect ratios 1.0 and 3.0, respectively, at various angles of attack obtained by using the guidelines of the ANSI A58.1-1982, have been compared with those obtained by using the methodology of the ASCE Task Committee, 1961, and the experimental results of the full-scale test of heliostats by Peglow. The turbulent energy spectra, currently employed in the building code, are compared with those of Kaimal et al., Lumley, and Ponofsky for wind velocities of 20.0 m/s and 40.24 m/s at an elevation of 9.15 m. The longitudinal spectra of the building code overestimates the Kaimal spectra in the frequency range of 0.007 Hz to 0.08 Hz and underestimates beyond the frequency of 0.08 Hz. The peak angles of attack, on the heliostat, stowed in horizontal position, due to turbulent vertical and lateral components of wind velocity, have been estimated by using Daniel's methodology for three wind velocities and compared with the value suggested by the code. The experimental results of a simple test in the laboratory indicate the feasibility of decreasing the drag forces of the flat plate by reducing the solidity ratio.

Bhaduri, S.; Murphy, L.M.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Solar and Wind Easements & Rights Laws & Local Option Solar Rights...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Wind Easements & Rights Laws & Local Option Solar Rights Law Solar and Wind Easements & Rights Laws & Local Option Solar Rights Law Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed....

13

Petrovay: Solar physics Solar wind and heliosphere THE SOLAR WIND AND THE HELIOSPHERE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Petrovay: Solar physics Solar wind and heliosphere THE SOLAR WIND AND THE HELIOSPHERE 1951: First proposal of solar corpuscular radiation by Biermann, to explain slight deviation of comets' ion tails from radial (aberration effect). 1958: Parker's supersonic wind model 1962: Mariner-2 detects solar wind. v

Petrovay, Kristóf

14

Solar Wind and its Evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By using our previous results of magnetohydrodynamical simulations for the solar wind from open flux tubes, I discuss how the solar wind in the past is different from the current solar wind. The simulations are performed in fixed one-dimensional super-radially open magnetic flux tubes by inputing various types of fluctuations from the photosphere, which automatically determines solar wind properties in a forward manner. The three important parameters which determine physical properties of the solar wind are surface fluctuation, magnetic field strengths, and the configuration of magnetic flux tubes. Adjusting these parameters to the sun at earlier times in a qualitative sense, I infer that the quasi-steady-state component of the solar wind in the past was denser and slightly slower if the effect of the magneto-centrifugal force is not significant. I also discuss effects of magneto-centrifugal force and roles of coronal mass ejections.

Suzuki, Takeru K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Solar and Wind Easements | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar and Wind Easements Solar and Wind Easements Solar and Wind Easements < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State Montana Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Provider Montana Department of Environmental Quality Montana's solar and wind easement provisions allow property owners to create solar and wind easements for the purpose of protecting and maintaining proper access to sunlight and wind. Solar easements should be negotiated with neighboring property owners. Montana's solar easement law was enacted in 1979; the wind easement law was originally enacted in 1983.

16

Solar and Wind Manufacturing Incentive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Manufacturers of solar or wind equipment or components in Kansas may be eligible for financing through the Kansas Department of Commerce to support research, development, engineering or...

17

Solar Ready Buildings Planning Guide  

SciTech Connect

This guide offers a checklist for building design and construction to enable installation of solar photovoltaic and heating systems at some time after the building is constructed.

Lisell, L.; Tetreault, T.; Watson, A.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Atlantic Wind Solar Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

distributed wind and solar systems along with wind and solar-hyrbid energy systems in Canada, the US and the Bahamas. References Atlantic Wind & Solar Inc.1 LinkedIn Connections...

19

Supercomputers Capture Turbulence in the Solar Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supercomputers Capture Turbulence in the Solar Wind Supercomputers Capture Turbulence in the Solar Wind Berkeley Lab visualizations could help scientists forecast destructive space...

20

Forecasting Solar Wind Speeds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By explicitly taking into account effects of Alfven waves, I derive from a simple energetics argument a fundamental relation which predicts solar wind (SW) speeds in the vicinity of the earth from physical properties on the sun. Kojima et al. recently found from their observations that a ratio of surface magnetic field strength to an expansion factor of open magnetic flux tubes is a good indicator of the SW speed. I show by using the derived relation that this nice correlation is an evidence of the Alfven wave which accelerates SW in expanding flux tubes. The observations further require that fluctuation amplitudes of magnetic field lines at the surface should be almost universal in different coronal holes, which needs to be tested by future observations.

Takeru K. Suzuki

2006-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study  

SciTech Connect

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) is one of the largest regional wind and solar integration studies to date. It was initiated in 2007 to examine the operational impact of up to 35% energy penetration of wind, photovoltaics (PV), and concentrating solar power (CSP) on the power system operated by the WestConnect group of utilities in Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Wyoming (see study area map). WestConnect also includes utilities in California, but these were not included because California had already completed a renewable energy integration study for the state. This study was set up to answer questions that utilities, public utilities commissions, developers, and regional planning organizations had about renewable energy use in the west: (1) Does geographic diversity of renewable energy resource help mitigate variability; (2) How do local resources compare to out-of-state resources; (3) Can balancing area cooperation help mitigate variability; (4) What is the role and value of energy storage; (5) Should reserve requirements be modified; (6) What is the benefit of forecasting; and (7) How can hydropower help with integration of renewables? The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and run by NREL with WestConnect as a partner organization. The study follows DOE's 20% Wind Energy by 2030 report, which did not find any technical barriers to reaching 20% wind energy in the continental United States by 2030. This study and its partner study, the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study, performed a more in-depth operating impact analysis to see if 20% wind energy was feasible from an operational level. In DOE/NREL's analysis, the 20% wind energy target required 25% wind energy in the western interconnection; therefore, this study considered 20% and 30% wind energy to bracket the DOE analysis. Additionally, since solar is rapidly growing in the west, 5% solar was also considered in this study. The goal of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study is to understand the costs and operating impacts due to the variability and uncertainty of wind, PV, and CSP on the grid. This is mainly an operations study, (rather than a transmission study), although different scenarios model different transmission build-outs to deliver power. Using a detailed power system production simulation model, the study identifies operational impacts and challenges of wind energy penetration up to 30% of annual electricity consumption.

Lew, D.; Piwko, R.; Jordan, G.; Miller, N.; Clark, K.; Freeman, L.; Milligan, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Wind and Solar Curtailment: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High penetrations of wind and solar generation on power systems are resulting in increasing curtailment. Wind and solar integration studies predict increased curtailment as penetration levels grow. This paper examines experiences with curtailment on bulk power systems internationally. It discusses how much curtailment is occurring, how it is occurring, why it is occurring, and what is being done to reduce curtailment. This summary is produced as part of the International Energy Agency Wind Task 25 on Design and Operation of Power Systems with Large Amounts of Wind Power.

Lew, D.; Bird, L.; Milligan, M.; Speer, B.; Wang, X.; Carlini, E. M.; Estanqueiro, A.; Flynn, D.; Gomez-Lazaro, E.; Menemenlis, N.; Orths, A.; Pineda, I.; Smith, J. C.; Soder, L.; Sorensen, P.; Altiparmakis, A.; Yoh, Y.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

SOLAR WIND ION AND ELECTRON DISTRIBUTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR WIND ION AND ELECTRON DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS AND THE TRANSITION FROM FLUID TO KINETIC 2010 #12;Overview The solar wind as a laboratory to understand plasma dynamics As a function of beta/NASA) The corona is not in hydrostatic equilibrium and a supersonic solar wind is generated. The solar wind

24

Solar heated building structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A solar heated building structure comprises an exterior shell including side walls and a roof section with the major portion of the roof section comprised of light transmitting panels or panes of material to permit passage of sunlight into the attic section of the building structure. The structure is provided with a central vertical hollow support column containing liquid storage tanks for the circulation and collection of heated water from a flexible conduit system located on the floor of the attic compartment. The central column serves as a heating core for the structure and communicates by way of air conduits or ducts with the living areas of the structure. Fan means are provided for continuously or intermittently circulating air over the hot water storage tanks in the core to transfer heat therefrom and distribute the heated air into the living areas.

Rugenstein, R.W.

1980-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

25

Solar Wind Europe SL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Europe SL Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Wind Europe SL Place Madrid, Spain Zip 28028 Product Spain-based distributor of Russia-made PV modules. References Solar Wind...

26

Wind and solar powered turbine  

SciTech Connect

A power generating station having a generator driven by solar heat assisted ambient wind is disclosed. A first plurality of radially extending air passages direct ambient wind to a radial flow wind turbine disposed in a centrally located opening in a substantially disc-shaped structure. A solar radiation collecting surface having black bodies is disposed above the first plurality of air passages and in communication with a second plurality of radial air passages. A cover plate enclosing the second plurality of radial air passages is transparent so as to permit solar radiation to effectively reach the black bodies. The second plurality of air passages direct ambient wind and thermal updrafts generated by the black bodies to an axial flow turbine which also derives additional motive power from the air mass exhausted by the radial flow turbine. The rotating shaft of the turbines drive the generator. The solar and wind driven power generating system operates in electrical cogeneration mode with a fuel powered prime mover. The system is particularly adapted to satisfy the power requirements of a relatively small community located in a geographic area having favorable climatic conditions for wind and solar powered power generation.

Wells, I.D.; Holmes, M.; Kohn, J.L.

1984-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

27

NREL: Transmission Grid Integration - Western Wind and Solar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study, one of the largest regional solar and wind integration studies to date, explores the...

28

2009 Solar Decathlon Building Code  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BUILDING CODE Last Updated: September 29, 2008 2009 Solar Decathlon Building Code i September 29, 2008 Contents Section 1. Introduction ............................................................................................................................................................. 1 Section 2. Adopted Codes ........................................................................................................................................................ 1 Section 3. Building Planning and Construction .............................................................................................................. 1 3-1. Fire Protection and Prevention ................................................................................................................................. 1

29

ASYMMETRIC SOLAR WIND ELECTRON DISTRIBUTIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present paper provides a possible explanation for the solar wind electron velocity distribution functions possessing asymmetric energetic tails. By numerically solving the electrostatic weak turbulence equations that involve nonlinear interactions among electrons, Langmuir waves, and ion-sound waves, it is shown that different ratios of ion-to-electron temperatures lead to the generation of varying degrees of asymmetric tails. The present finding may be applicable to observations in the solar wind near 1 AU and in other regions of the heliosphere and interplanetary space.

Yoon, Peter H.; Kim, Sunjung; Lee, Junggi; Lee, Junhyun; Park, Jongsun; Park, Kyungsun; Seough, Jungjoon [School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of); Hong, Jinhy [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

30

New England Wind Forum: Building Wind Energy in New England  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Projects in New England Building Wind Energy in New England Wind Resource Wind Power Technology Economics Markets Siting Policy Technical Challenges Issues Small Wind Large Wind Newsletter Perspectives Events Quick Links to States CT MA ME NH RI VT Bookmark and Share Building Wind Energy in New England Many factors influence the ability to develop wind power in the New England region. A viable project requires the right site and the right technology for the application. It must provide suitable revenue or economic value to justify investment in this capital-intensive but zero-fuel technology. Policy initiatives are in place throughout the region to support the expansion of wind power's role in the regional supply mix. However, issues affecting public acceptance of wind projects in host communities must be addressed. Information on topics affecting wind power development in New England can be found by using the navigation to the left.

31

Solar & Wind Equipment Certification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Collectors, heat exchangers and storage units of solar energy systems -- and the installation of these systems -- sold or installed in Arizona must have a warranty of at least two years. The...

32

Capacity Building in Wind Energy for PICs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of CO2 from fuel combustion · By contrast, the region is very vulnerable to severe weather events (biomass, hydro, and a bit of solar and wind). · Other half comes from imported oil, mainly dependency on petroleum are country specific but include wind, solar, small-scale hydro, biomass

33

On solar building energy devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for simulation of solar energy devices connected to a building has been proposed. The solutions of one dimensional heat conduction and heat transport equations are obtained both with the new method as well as traditional method used for design ... Keywords: experiments, heat exchange, numerical model, simulation method, solar energy

Himanshu Dehra

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection Workshop Utility Wind Integration Group Distributed Wind/Solar Interconnection Workshop May 21, 2013 8:00AM MDT to May 22, 2013 5:00PM MDT Golden, Colorado This two-day workshop will answer your questions about interconnecting wind and solar plants and other distributed generation applications to electric distribution systems while providing insight on integrating large-scale renewable generation into the transmission system. Held at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) state-of-the-art Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) on the first day and at the Western Area Power Administration's Electric Power Training Center (EPTC) on the second day, the workshop will provide an overview of wind and solar interconnection

35

Solar radiation data manual for buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Architects and engineers use solar resource information to help design passive solar and daylighting features for buildings. Solar resource information includes data on how much solar radiation and illuminance are available for different window orientations, and how they vary. This manual provides solar radiation and illuminance values for a horizontal window and four vertical windows (facing north, east, south, and west) for 239 stations in the United States and its territories. The solar radiation values are monthly and yearly averages for the period of 1961--1990. Included are values showing the solar radiation incident on the window and the amount transmitted into the living space, with and without exterior shading of the window. Illuminance values are presented r average dismal profiles for 4 months of the year. In addition to the solar radiation and illuminance data, this manual contains tables listing climatic condition such as average temperature, average daily minimum and maximum temperature, record minimum and maxi mum temperature, average heating and cooling degree days, average humidity ratio, average wind speed, an average clearness index. The solar radiation, illuminance, and climatic data a presented in tables. Data for each station are presented on a single page, and the pages are arranged alphabetically by the state or territory two-letter abbreviation. Within a state or territory, the pages are arranged alp betically by city or island.

Marion, W.; Wilcox, S.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Large-scale structure of the fast solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2001), Connecting the Sun and the Solar Wind: Comparison of592: Solar Wind 11/SOHO 16, Connecting Sun and Heliosphere,scenario, the fast solar wind from the quiet Sun wind would

Bisi, M. M.; Fallows, R. A.; Breen, A. R.; Habbal, S. Rifai; Jones, R. A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Solar wind plasma : kinetic properties and micro-instabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The kinetic properties of ions in the solar wind plasma are studied. Observations of solar wind +H and +2He by the Faraday Cup instrument component of the Solar Wind Experiment on the Wind spacecraft show that these ions ...

Kasper, Justin Christophe, 1977-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

The Solar Wind Helium Abundance: Variation with Wind Speed and the Solar Cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Solar Wind Helium Abundance: Variation with Wind Speed and the Solar Cycle Matthias R. Aellig Alamos National Lab., Los Alamos, NM 87545 Abstract We investigate the helium abundance in the solar wind of 1994 and early 2000 are analyzed. In agreement with similar work for previous solar cycles, we find

Richardson, John

39

The Heating & Acceleration of the Solar Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Heating & Acceleration of the Solar Wind Eliot Quataert (UC Berkeley) Collaborators: Steve & Slow Winds · The Puzzle of the High Frequency Cascade (or the lack thereof ....) · Possible Solutions #12;Background · Heating required to accelerate the solar wind · Early models invoked e- conduction

Wurtele, Jonathan

40

Solar Buildings: Solar Water Heaters, The Next Generation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document explains the U.S. Department of Energy's Solar Buildings Program's efforts regarding the research, development, and deployment of solar water heating technology.

NREL

1998-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Junior Solar Sprint - An Introduction to Building a Model Solar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Revised 82301 An Introduction to Building a Model Solar Car Student Guide for the Junior Solar Sprint Competition Produced by: Krisztina Holly and Akhil Madhani 2 Introduction...

42

Supercomputers Capture Turbulence in the Solar Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Supercomputers Capture Turbulence in the Solar Wind Berkeley Lab visualizations could help scientists forecast destructive space...

43

Innovations in Wind and Solar PV Financing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovations in Wind and Solar PV Financing K. Cory, J. Coughlin, and T. Jenkin National Renewable Energy Laboratory J. Pater Summit Blue B. Swezey Applied Materials Technical...

44

Solar and Wind Easements & Rights Laws  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Nevada's general statutes provide owners of solar and wind energy systems protection against restrictions that would otherwise prevent them from installing these systems on their property. NRS ...

45

Visibility graph analysis of solar wind velocity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze in situ measurements of solar wind velocity obtained by Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) spacecraft and Helios spacecraft during the years 1998-2012 and 1975-1983 respectively. The data belong to mainly solar cycle 23 (1996-2008) and solar cycle 21 (1976-1986) respectively. We use Directed Horizontal Visibility graph (DHVg) algorithm and estimate a graph functional, namely, the degree distance (D) as the Kullback-Leibler divergence (KLD) argument to understand time irreversibility of solar wind time series. We estimate this degree distance irreversibility parameter for these time series at different phases of solar activity cycle. Irreversibility parameter is first established for known dynamical data and then applied for solar wind velocity time series. It is observed that irreversibility in solar wind velocity fluctuations show similar behaviour at 0.3 AU (Helios data) and 1 AU (ACE data). Moreover it changes over the different phases of solar activity cycle.

Suyal, Vinita; Singh, Harinder P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Solar and Wind Rights | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Wind Rights and Wind Rights Solar and Wind Rights < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Provider Public Service Commission of Wisconsin Wisconsin has several laws that protect a resident's right to install and operate a solar or wind energy system. These laws cover zoning restrictions by local governments, private land use restrictions, and system owner rights to unobstructed access to resources. Wisconsin permitting rules and model policy for small wind can be found [http://dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=WI16R&re=1&ee=1

47

IDENTIFYING CURRENT-SHEETLIKE STRUCTURES IN THE SOLAR WIND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Barish, F. D. 1974, in Solar Wind Three, ed. C. T. Russell (AIP Conf. Proc. 471, Solar Wind Nine, ed. S. R. Habbal (NewSTRUCTURES IN THE SOLAR WIND G. Li Space Science Laboratory,

Li, Gang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Large-scale structure of the fast solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measurements of Solar Wind velocity, in press, Journal of1992), The Ulysses solar wind plasma experiment, AstronomyA. Hewish (1967), The solar wind outside the plane of the

Bisi, M. M.; Fallows, R. A.; Breen, A. R.; Habbal, S. Rifai; Jones, R. A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

IDENTIFYING CURRENT-SHEETLIKE STRUCTURES IN THE SOLAR WIND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Barish, F. D. 1974, in Solar Wind Three, ed. C. T. Russell (in AIP Conf. Proc. 471, Solar Wind Nine, ed. S. R. Habbal (SHEETLIKE STRUCTURES IN THE SOLAR WIND G. Li Space Science

Li, Gang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) investigates the impacts of high penetrations of wind and solar power into the Western Interconnection of the United States. WWSIS2 builds on the Phase 1 study but with far greater refinement in the level of data inputs and production simulation. It considers the differences between wind and solar power on systems operations. It considers mitigation options to accommodate wind and solar when full costs of wear-and-tear and full impacts of emissions rates are taken into account. It determines wear-and-tear costs and emissions impacts. New data sets were created for WWSIS2, and WWSIS1 data sets were refined to improve realism of plant output and forecasts. Four scenarios were defined for WWSIS2 that examine the differences between wind and solar and penetration level. Transmission was built out to bring resources to load. Statistical analysis was conducted to investigate wind and solar impacts at timescales ranging from seasonal down to 5 minutes.

Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Ibanez, E.; Hodge, B.-M.; King, J.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Wind heat transfer coefficient in solar collectors in outdoor conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge of wind heat transfer coefficient, h{sub w}, is required for estimation of upward losses from the outer surface of flat plate solar collectors/solar cookers. In present study, an attempt has been made to estimate the wind induced convective heat transfer coefficient by employing unglazed test plate (of size about 0.9 m square) in outdoor conditions. Experiments, for measurement of h{sub w}, have been conducted on rooftop of a building in the Institute campus in summer season for 2 years. The estimated wind heat transfer coefficient has been correlated against wind speed by linear regression and power regression. Experimental values of wind heat transfer coefficient estimated in present work have been compared with studies of other researchers after normalizing for plate length. (author)

Kumar, Suresh; Mullick, S.C. [Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110 016 (India)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

Solar Ready Buildings Planning Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

78 78 December 2009 Solar Ready Buildings Planning Guide L. Lisell, T. Tetreault, and A. Watson National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-7A2-46078 December 2009 Solar Ready Buildings Planning Guide L. Lisell, T. Tetreault, and A. Watson Prepared under Task No. PVC9.92DA NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

53

Solar Ready Buildings Planning Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6078 6078 December 2009 Solar Ready Buildings Planning Guide L. Lisell, T. Tetreault, and A. Watson National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-7A2-46078 December 2009 Solar Ready Buildings Planning Guide L. Lisell, T. Tetreault, and A. Watson Prepared under Task No. PVC9.92DA NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

54

Changes related to "New England Breeze Solar and Wind Installers...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Changes related to "New England Breeze Solar and Wind Installers" New England Breeze Solar and Wind Installers Jump to:...

55

Local Option - Solar, Wind & Biomass Energy Systems Exemption...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar, Wind & Biomass Energy Systems Exemption Local Option - Solar, Wind & Biomass Energy Systems Exemption Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings For...

56

Puerto Rico - Tax Deduction for Solar and Wind Energy Systems...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puerto Rico - Tax Deduction for Solar and Wind Energy Systems Puerto Rico - Tax Deduction for Solar and Wind Energy Systems Eligibility Residential Savings For Heating & Cooling...

57

Solar and Wind Contractor Licensing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heating Program Information Louisiana Program Type SolarWind Contractor Licensing All solar and wind energy installations must be performed by a contractor duly licensed by and...

58

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment Programme's Renewable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment Programme's Renewable Energy Resource Explorer Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Solar and Wind Energy Resource...

59

Solar and Wind Energy Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar and Wind Energy Rebate Program Solar and Wind Energy Rebate Program Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State...

60

Self Consistent Models of the Solar Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The origins of the hot solar corona and the supersonically expanding solar wind are still the subject of much debate. This paper summarizes some of the essential ingredients of realistic and self-consistent models of solar wind acceleration. It also outlines the major issues in the recent debate over what physical processes dominate the mass, momentum, and energy balance in the accelerating wind. A key obstacle in the way of producing realistic simulations of the Sun-heliosphere system is the lack of a physically motivated way of specifying the coronal heating rate. Recent models that assume the energy comes from Alfven waves that are partially reflected, and then dissipated by magnetohydrodynamic turbulence, have been found to reproduce many of the observed features of the solar wind. This paper discusses results from these models, including detailed comparisons with measured plasma properties as a function of solar wind speed. Some suggestions are also given for future work that could answer the many remain...

Cranmer, Steven R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Coronal Heating versus Solar Wind Acceleration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parker's initial insights from 1958 provided a key causal link between the heating of the solar corona and the acceleration of the solar wind. However, we still do not know what fraction of the solar wind's mass, momentum, and energy flux is driven by Parker-type gas pressure gradients, and what fraction is driven by, e.g., wave-particle interactions or turbulence. SOHO has been pivotal in bringing these ideas back to the forefront of coronal and solar wind research. This paper reviews our current understanding of coronal heating in the context of the acceleration of the fast and slow solar wind. For the fast solar wind, a recent model of Alfven wave generation, propagation, and non-WKB reflection is presented and compared with UVCS, SUMER, radio, and in-situ observations at the last solar minimum. The derived fractions of energy and momentum addition from thermal and nonthermal processes are found to be consistent with various sets of observational data. For the more chaotic slow solar wind, the relative roles of steady streamer-edge flows (as emphasized by UVCS abundance analysis) versus bright blob structures (seen by LASCO) need to be understood before the relation between streamer heating and and slow-wind acceleration can be known with certainty. Finally, this presentation summarizes the need for next-generation remote-sensing observations that can supply the tight constraints needed to unambiguously characterize the dominant physics.

Steven R. Cranmer

2004-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

62

How do Wind and Solar Power Affect Grid Operations: The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study; Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper reviews the scope of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study, the development of wind and solar datasets, and the results to date on three scenarios.

Lew, D.; Milligan, M.; Jordan, G.; Freeman, L.; Miller, N.; Clark, K.; Piwko, R.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Solar wind samples give insight into birth of solar system  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar wind samples Solar wind samples Solar wind samples give insight into birth of solar system Most of the Genesis payload consisted of fragile solar-wind collectors, which had been exposed to the solar particles over a period of two years. June 23, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

64

Solar Buildings Research Network A brief overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Buildings Research Network A brief overview Andreas Athienitis, Scientific Director Meli Stylianou, Network Manager #12;VISION Development of the solar-optimized building as an integrated advanced not mean complex; it brings together "low-tech" passive solar technologies that appear simple but generally

Wu, Bin

65

Nebraska Wind and Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Solar Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Nebraska Wind and Solar Name Nebraska Wind and Solar Address 2026 East 29th Street Place Scottsbluff, Nebraska Zip 69361 Sector Wind energy Product Small Wind and Solar Year founded 2006 Number of employees 1-10 Website http://www.nebraskawindandsola Coordinates 41.8754°, -103.637° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.8754,"lon":-103.637,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

66

The Structure of the Solar Wind in the Inner Heliosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sun-to-Earth solar windthe Sun over a solar cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Kallenrode, M.B. : 2001, Sun and solar wind: Plasmas in the

Lee, Christina On-Yee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SOLAR-5  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

South Africa Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Related Links SOLAR-5 SOLAR-5 logo. Displays 3-D plots of hourly energy performance for the whole building or...

68

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SOLAR-5  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tools by Platform PC Mac UNIX Internet Tools by Country Related Links SOLAR-5 SOLAR-5 logo. Displays 3-D plots of hourly energy performance for the whole building or...

69

Solar wind acceleration in coronal holes. [High speed solar wind streams  

SciTech Connect

Past attempts to explain the large solar wind velocities in high speed streams by theoretical models of the expansion have invoked either extended nonthermal heating of the corona, heat flux inhibition, or direct addition of momentum to the expanding coronal plasma. Several workers have shown that inhibiting the heat flux at low coronal densities is probably not adequate to explain quantitatively the observed plasma velocities in high speed streams. It stressed that, in order to account for both these large plasma velocities and the low densities found in coronal holes (from which most high speed streams are believed to emanate), extended heating by itself will not suffice. One needs a nonthermal mechanism to provide the bulk acceleration of the high wind plasma close to the sun, and the most likely candidate at present is direct addition of the momentum carried by outward-propagating waves to the expanding corona. Some form of momentum addition appears to be absolutely necessary if one hopes to build quantitatively self-consistent models of coronal holes and high speed solar wind streams.

Kopp, R.A.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Solar and Wind Easements and Local Option Rights Laws  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Nebraska's solar and wind easement provisions allow property owners to create binding solar and wind easements for the purpose of protecting and maintaining proper access to sunlight and wind. ...

71

The solar wind in the outer heliosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar wind evolves as it moves outward due to interactions with both itself and with the circum-heliospheric interstellar medium. The speed is, on average, constant out to 30 AU, then starts a slow decrease due to the ...

Richardson, John D.

72

Solar and Wind Rights | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

73

Solar & Wind Equipment Certification (Arizona) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

74

Turbulent Spectra in the Solar Wind Plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observations of interstellar scintillations at radio wavelengths reveal a Kolmogorov-like scaling of the electron density spectrum with a spectral slope of -5/3 over six decades in wavenumber space. A similar turbulent density spectrum in the solar wind plasma has been reported. The energy transfer process in the magnetized solar wind plasma over such extended length-scales remains an unresolved paradox of modern turbulence theories raising the especially intriguing question of how a compressible magnetized solar wind exhibits a turbulent spectrum that is a characteristic of an incompressible hydrodynamic fluid. To address these questions, we have undertaken three-dimensional time dependent numerical simulations of a compressible magnetohydrodynamic fluid describing super-Alfv\\'enic, supersonic and strongly magnetized plasma. It is shown that the observed Kolmogorov-like (-5/3) spectrum can develop in the solar wind plasma by supersonic plasma motions that dissipate into highly subsonic motion that passively ...

Shaikh, Dastgeer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Community Solar and Wind Grant Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Illinois Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity (DCEO) is offering grants for community-scale solar and wind projects located in Illinois. Eligible businesses can apply for up to 30%...

76

The Solar Wind and Its Interaction with the Interstellar Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the solar wind speed and have an initial temperature equal to the solar wind energy, about 1 keV. Figure 7 and their subsequent acceleration to the solar wind speed at the expense of the flow energy in the thermal solar wind that the slowdown is about 17% near the TS (Richardson et al. 2008a), so roughly 30% of the solar wind flow energy

Richardson, John

77

The Structure of the Solar Wind in the Inner Heliosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

November 2003 solar activity, Space Weather, 2, S03008, doi:1.3.3 Solar wind interaction with Earth 1.4 Space weather:space weather models for quiet solar wind conditions. To

Lee, Christina On-Yee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Large-scale structure of the fast solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scintillation measurements of Solar Wind velocity, in press,K. Sakurai (1992), The Ulysses solar wind plasma experiment,Telescope for the SOHO Mission, Solar Physics, 162, 291312.

Bisi, M. M.; Fallows, R. A.; Breen, A. R.; Habbal, S. Rifai; Jones, R. A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Empirical Solar Wind Forecasting from the Chromosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, we correlated the inferred structure of the solar chromospheric plasma topography with solar wind velocity and composition data measured at 1AU. We now offer a physical justification of these relationships and present initial results of a empirical prediction model based on them. While still limited by the fundamentally complex physics behind the origins of the solar wind and how its structure develops in the magnetic photosphere and expands into the heliosphere, our model provides a near continuous range of solar wind speeds and composition quantities that are simply estimated from the inferred structure of the chromosphere. We suggest that the derived quantities may provide input to other, more sophisticated, prediction tools or models such as those to study Coronal Mass Ejections (CME) propagation and Solar Energetic Particle (SEP) generation.

Leamon, Robert J; 10.1086/511777

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

About the correlation between solar micro bursts and the change of the solar wind parameters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Sun is the closest star to our planet and it is the most studied, perhaps, there exist too much procesess not-understood. One of the solar processes that have a direct interaction with the earth is the solar wind. The solar wind is defined as the plasma expulsed from the solar atmosphere, this wind was cataloged and is considered that have three components: - Passive solar wind: Is the constant component of the solar wind. - Supersonic and quasistady flux. - Sporadic supersonic flux. We present and brief explanation of the Parker's model of the solar wind and a correlation analysis between solar micro radio bursts and the change of the solar wind parameters.

Juan Carlos Martinez Oliveros; Daniel Ricardo Izquierdo P

2005-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Wind and Solar Curtailment: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Colorado (PSCO), which needs to balance its own load with its own generators (mostly thermal) and long-term contracts with wind power plant owners. At night, when winds are...

82

Yaglom law in the expanding solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the Yaglom law, which relates the mixed third order structure function to the average dissipation rate of turbulence, in a uniformly expanding solar wind by using the two scales expansion model of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence. We show that due to the expansion of the solar wind two new terms appear in the Yaglom law. The first term is related to the decay of the turbulent energy by nonlinear interactions, whereas the second term is related to the non-zero cross-correlation of the Els\\"asser fields. Using magnetic field and plasma data from WIND and Helios 2 spacecrafts, we show that at lower frequencies in the inertial range of MHD turbulence the new terms become comparable to Yaglom's third order mixed moment, and therefore they cannot be neglected in the evaluation of the energy cascade rate in the solar wind.

Gogoberidze, G; Carbone, V

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Solar Wind Forecasting with Coronal Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An empirical model for forecasting solar wind speed related geomagnetic events is presented here. The model is based on the estimated location and size of solar coronal holes. This method differs from models that are based on photospheric magnetograms (e.g., Wang-Sheeley model) to estimate the open field line configuration. Rather than requiring the use of a full magnetic synoptic map, the method presented here can be used to forecast solar wind velocities and magnetic polarity from a single coronal hole image, along with a single magnetic full-disk image. The coronal hole parameters used in this study are estimated with Kitt Peak Vacuum Telescope He I 1083 nm spectrograms and photospheric magnetograms. Solar wind and coronal hole data for the period between May 1992 and September 2003 are investigated. The new model is found to be accurate to within 10% of observed solar wind measurements for its best one-month periods, and it has a linear correlation coefficient of ~0.38 for the full 11 years studied. Using a single estimated coronal hole map, the model can forecast the Earth directed solar wind velocity up to 8.5 days in advance. In addition, this method can be used with any source of coronal hole area and location data.

S. Robbins; C. J. Henney; J. W. Harvey

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

84

Solar/Wind Contractor Licensing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar/Wind Contractor Licensing Solar/Wind Contractor Licensing < Solar Jump to: navigation, search Some states have established a licensing process for solar-energy contractors and/or wind-energy contractors. These requirements are designed to ensure that contractors have the necessary knowledge and experience to install systems properly. Solar licenses typically take the form of either a separate, specialized solar contractor's license, or a specialty classification under a general electrical or plumbing license. [1] Solar/Wind Contractor Licensing Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 24) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Alternative Energy System Contracting (Virginia) Solar/Wind Contractor Licensing Virginia Installer/Contractor Photovoltaics No

85

Solar Wind Forecast by Using Interplanetary Scintillation Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interplanetary scintillation (IPS) allows us to determine solar wind velocity and density structures over a relatively short time by employing computer assisted tomography. This method can be applied to forecast solar wind changes for a few days prior to its reaching Earth. We have been attempting solar wind forecasting by using IPS data observed at Solar?Terrestrial Environment Laboratory (STELab)

Kenichi Fujiki; Hiroaki Ito; Munetoshi Tokumaru

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Denver Solar and Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Wind and Wind Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Denver Solar and Wind Name Denver Solar and Wind Address 12445 E. 39th Ave, Suite 310 Denver, Colorado 80239 Place Denver, Colorado Sector Efficiency, Renewable energy, Services, Solar, Wind energy Product Solar array and wind turbine purchasing and installation. Year founded 2009 Phone number 303-507-2874 Website http://www.Denversolarandwind. Coordinates 39.7722089°, -104.843365° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.7722089,"lon":-104.843365,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

87

Solar winds along curved magnetic field lines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Both remote-sensing measurements using the interplanetary scintillation (IPS) technique and in situ measurements by the Ulysses spacecraft show a bimodal structure for the solar wind at solar minimum conditions. At present what makes the fast wind fast and the slow wind slow still remains to be answered. While a robust empirical correlation exists between the coronal expansion rate $f_c$ of the flow tubes and the speeds $v$ measured in situ, further data analysis suggests that $v$ depends on more than just $f_c$. We examine whether the non-radial shape of field lines, which naturally accompanies any non-radial expansion, could be an additional geometrical factor. We solved the transport equations incorporating the heating due to turbulent Alfv\\'en waves for an electron-proton solar wind along curved field lines given by an analytical magnetic field model, representative of a solar minimum corona. The field line shape is found to influence substantially the solar wind parameters, reducing the asymptotic speed ...

Li, Bo; Chen, Yao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Wind Manufacturing Facilities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

--Alternative Fuel Vehicles --Batteries --Biofuels --Clean Cities -Building Design --Solar Decathlon -Manufacturing Energy Sources -Renewables --Solar ---SunShot --Wind...

89

Wind Issues in Solar Thermal Performance Ratings: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We suggest that wind bias against unglazed solar water heaters be mitigated by using a calibrated collector model to derive a wind correction to the measured efficiency curve.

Burch, J.; Casey, R.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Guam - Solar-Ready Residential Building Requirement | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar-Ready Residential Building Requirement Guam - Solar-Ready Residential Building Requirement < Back Eligibility Construction Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling...

91

Energy Information Administration (EIA)- Commercial Buildings ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, ... commercial buildings, manufacturing, ... solar, wind, geothermal, ...

92

Supercomputers Capture Turbulence in the Solar Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supercomputers Supercomputers Capture Turbulence in the Solar Wind Supercomputers Capture Turbulence in the Solar Wind Berkeley Lab visualizations could help scientists forecast destructive space weather December 16, 2013 Linda Vu, +1 510 495 2402, lvu@lbl.gov eddies1.jpg This visualization zooms in on current sheets revealing the "cascade of turbulence" in the solar wind occurring down to electron scales. This is a phenomenon common in fluid dynamics-turbulent energy injected at large eddies is transported to successively smaller scales until it is dissipated as heat. (Image by Burlen Loring, Berkeley Lab) As inhabitants of Earth, our lives are dominated by weather. Not just in the form of rain and snow from atmospheric clouds, but also a sea of charged particles and magnetic fields generated by a star sitting 93

93

Supercomputers Capture Turbulence in the Solar Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supercomputers Capture Supercomputers Capture Turbulence in the Solar Wind News & Publications ESnet in the News ESnet News Media & Press Publications and Presentations Galleries ESnet Awards and Honors Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Supercomputers Capture Turbulence in the Solar Wind Berkeley Lab visualizations could help scientists forecast destructive space weather December 16, 2013 | Tags: ESnet News, National Energy Research Scientific Computing Linda Vu, +1 510 495 2402, lvu@lbl.gov eddies1.jpg This visualization zooms in on current sheets revealing the "cascade of turbulence" in the solar wind occurring down to electron scales. This is

94

Wildlife Risks of Wind and Solar Power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report examines the potential wildlife impacts resulting from wind and solar power development. The report defines the potential wildlife impacts, the business reasoning for assessing these impacts, details regarding site selection to minimize impacts, strategies to assess impacts, and management strategies to mitigate or minimize impacts. The report will assist utility generation planners and electric power company environmental staff in identifying and evaluating the wildlife impacts of wind and s...

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

95

Value Capture in the Global Wind Energy Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

building solar panels and wind turbines; constructing fuel-that the fortunes of wind turbine manufacturers are relatedThe wind industry value chain Wind turbine manufacturing and

Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Building Technologies Office: Utility Solar Water Heating Initiative  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Utility Solar Water Heating Initiative Search Search Help Utility Solar Water Heating Initiative EERE Building Technologies Office Utility Solar Water Heating Initiative...

97

Solar and Wind Easements & Local Option Rights Laws | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minnesota law provides for the creation of solar and wind easements for solar and wind-energy systems. As in many other states, these easements are voluntary contracts. However,...

98

Solar and Wind Technologies for Hydrogen Production Report to Congress  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

DOE's Solar and Wind Technologies for Hydrogen Production Report to Congress summarizes the technology roadmaps for solar- and wind-based hydrogen production. Published in December 2005, it fulfills t

99

Excise Tax Exemption for Solar- or Wind-Powered Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Massachusetts law exempts any "solar or wind powered climatic control unit and any solar or wind powered water heating unit or any other type unit or system powered thereby," that qualifies for the...

100

Solar Technologies and the Building Envelope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in on-site renewable energy technology have brought the concept of zero-energy buildings within reach. Many single-story residential and commercial buildings have enough favorably oriented roof area to make achieving zero energy technically feasible, assuming no major solar obstructions exist and that energy efficiency has been aggressively implemented in the building design. As the number of stories increases, the potential to have a zero-energy building within the building's footprint decreases. As efficiencies of photovoltaic (PV) cells increase, the potential to have zero-energy buildings increases.

Torcellini, P. A.; Pless, S. D.; Judkoff, R.; Crawley, D.

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Bulge Building with Mergers and Winds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The gravitational clustering hierarchy and dissipative gas processes are both involved in the formation of bulges. Here we present a simple empirical model in which bulge material is assembled via gravitational accretion of the visible companion galaxies. Assuming that merging leads to a starburst, we show that the resulting winds can be strong enough that they self-regulate the accretion. A quasi-equilibrium accretion process naturally leads to the Kormendy relation between bulge density and size. Whether or not the winds are sufficiently strong and long lived to create the quasi-equilibrium must be tested with observations. To illustrate the model we use it to predict representative parameter dependent star formation histories. We find that bulge building activity peaks around redshift two, with tails to both higher and lower redshifts.

Carlberg, R G

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Bulge Building with Mergers and Winds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The gravitational clustering hierarchy and dissipative gas processes are both involved in the formation of bulges. Here we present a simple empirical model in which bulge material is assembled via gravitational accretion of the visible companion galaxies. Assuming that merging leads to a starburst, we show that the resulting winds can be strong enough that they self-regulate the accretion. A quasi-equilibrium accretion process naturally leads to the Kormendy relation between bulge density and size. Whether or not the winds are sufficiently strong and long lived to create the quasi-equilibrium must be tested with observations. To illustrate the model we use it to predict representative parameter dependent star formation histories. We find that bulge building activity peaks around redshift two, with tails to both higher and lower redshifts.

R. G. Carlberg

1999-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

103

FACT SHEET: MULTILATERAL SOLAR AND WIND WORKING GROUP  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FACT SHEET: MULTILATERAL SOLAR AND WIND WORKING GROUP At the Clean Energy Ministerial in Washington, D.C. on July 19 th and 20 th , ministers announced the development of a Multilateral Solar and Wind Working Group to promote accelerated deployment of solar and wind technologies by implementing recommendations from the MEF Technology Action Plan on Solar and Wind Technologies that was released by the Major Economies Forum Global Partnership in December 2009. The

104

FACT SHEET: MULTILATERAL SOLAR AND WIND WORKING GROUP  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FACT SHEET: MULTILATERAL SOLAR AND WIND WORKING GROUP At the Clean Energy Ministerial in Washington, D.C. on July 19 th and 20 th , ministers announced the development of a Multilateral Solar and Wind Working Group to promote accelerated deployment of solar and wind technologies by implementing recommendations from the MEF Technology Action Plan on Solar and Wind Technologies that was released by the Major Economies Forum Global Partnership in December 2009. The

105

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SOLAR-5  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SOLAR-5 SOLAR-5 SOLAR-5 logo. Displays 3-D plots of hourly energy performance for the whole building or for 9 schemes and any of 40 different components. SOLAR-5 also plots heat flow into/out of thermal mass, and indoor air temperature, daylighting, output of the HVAC system, cost of electricity and heating fuel, and the corresponding amount of air pollution. It uses hour-by-hour weather data. It contains an expert system to design an initial base case building for any climate and any building type, that an architect can copy and redesign. Contains a variety of decision-making aids, including combination and comparison options, color overlays, and bar charts that show for any hour exactly where the energy flows. Keywords design, residential and small commercial buildings

106

Solar and Wind Contractor Licensing | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar and Wind Contractor Licensing Solar and Wind Contractor Licensing Solar and Wind Contractor Licensing < Back Eligibility Installer/Contractor Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Solar/Wind Contractor Licensing Provider Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection The Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection (DCP) is authorized to issue licenses for solar-thermal work, solar-electric work and wind-electric work. "Solar thermal work" is defined as "the installation, erection, repair, replacement, alteration, or maintenance of active, passive and hybrid solar systems that directly convert ambient energy into heat or convey, store or distribute such ambient energy." Solar electricity

107

Dovetail Solar and Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dovetail Solar and Wind Dovetail Solar and Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Dovetail Solar and Wind Address 16675 Canaanville Hills Rd. Place Athens, Ohio Zip 45701 Sector Bioenergy, Solar, Wind energy Product Consulting; Engineering/architectural/design;Installation; Maintenance and repair; Retail product sales and distribution;Trainining and education Phone number 740-592-1800 Website http://www.dovetailsolar.com Coordinates 39.315848°, -81.985569° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.315848,"lon":-81.985569,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

108

Identifying Wind and Solar Ramping Events: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind and solar power are playing an increasing role in the electrical grid, but their inherent power variability can augment uncertainties in power system operations. One solution to help mitigate the impacts and provide more flexibility is enhanced wind and solar power forecasting; however, its relative utility is also uncertain. Within the variability of solar and wind power, repercussions from large ramping events are of primary concern. At the same time, there is no clear definition of what constitutes a ramping event, with various criteria used in different operational areas. Here the Swinging Door Algorithm, originally used for data compression in trend logging, is applied to identify variable generation ramping events from historic operational data. The identification of ramps in a simple and automated fashion is a critical task that feeds into a larger work of 1) defining novel metrics for wind and solar power forecasting that attempt to capture the true impact of forecast errors on system operations and economics, and 2) informing various power system models in a data-driven manner for superior exploratory simulation research. Both allow inference on sensitivities and meaningful correlations, as well as the ability to quantify the value of probabilistic approaches for future use in practice.

Florita, A.; Hodge, B. M.; Orwig, K.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Solar Buildings: Transpired Air Collectors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Transpired air collectors preheat building ventilation air by using the building's ventilation fan to draw fresh air through the system. The intake air is heated as it passes through the perforated absorber plate and up the plenum between the absorber and the south wall of the building. Reduced heating costs will pay for the systems in 3--12 years.

NONE

1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

110

Numerical simulations to study solar wind turbulence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulation of coupled equations of kinetic Alfven wave (KAW) and ion acoustic wave is presented in the solar wind. The nonlinear dynamical equations satisfy the modified Zakharov system of equations by taking the nonadiabatic response of the background density. The ponderomotive nonlinearity is incorporated in the wave dynamics. The effect of Landau damping of KAW is taken into account. Localization of magnetic field intensity and the wavenumber spectra (perpendicular and parallel) of magnetic fluctuations are studied in solar plasmas around 1 a.u. Our results reveal the formation of damped localized structures and the steeper spectra that are in good agreement with the observations. These damped structures and steeper turbulent spectra can be responsible for plasma heating and particle acceleration in solar wind.

Sharma, R. P.; Sharma, Nidhi; Kumar, Sanjay [Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Delhi 110016 (India); Kumar, Sachin [Department of Applied Sciences and Humanities, Ajay Kumar Garg Engineering College, Ghaziabad 201009 (India); Singh, H. D. [Department of Physical Sciences, School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, Sikkim University, Sikkim 737102 (India)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

111

Mesquite Solar Plan - build out next to existing FF plants Solar...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mesquite Solar Plan - build out next to existing FF plants Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Mesquite Solar Plan - build out next to existing FF plants Solar Power...

112

NREL Wind Site Entrance Building: Design Review and Recommendations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Report giving review of the NREL Wind Site Guard Post Entrance building design and recommendations for improvement for greater energy savings and backup power.

Ault, R.; Torcellini, P.; Van Geet, O.

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

15/06/2005 Solar Wind 11/SOHO 16 1 Radial Dependence of Solar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15/06/2005 Solar Wind 11/SOHO 16 1 Radial Dependence of Solar Energetic Particle Events M.-B. Kallenrode #12;15/06/2005 Solar Wind 11/SOHO 16 2 Outline No discussion about composition and charge states spectra) #12;15/06/2005 Solar Wind 11/SOHO 16 3 Propagation of a delta-pulse Delta-pulse gives Green

Kallenrode, May-Britt

114

Junior Solar Sprint - So.. You Want To Build A Model Solar Car  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Revised 82301 So... You Want To Build A Model Solar Car 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS TOPIC PAGE SOLAR ENERGY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

115

Solar and Wind Equipment Certification | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar and Wind Equipment Certification Solar and Wind Equipment Certification Solar and Wind Equipment Certification < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Installer/Contractor Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State Arizona Program Type Equipment Certification Provider Arizona Solar Energy Industries Association Collectors, heat exchangers and storage units of solar energy systems -- and the installation of these systems -- sold or installed in Arizona must have a warranty of at least two years. The remaining components of the system and their installation must have a warranty of at least one year.

116

Solar and Wind Permitting Laws | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Permitting Laws Permitting Laws Solar and Wind Permitting Laws < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Nonprofit Residential Schools Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider New Jersey Department of Community Affairs New Jersey has enacted three separate laws addressing local permitting practices for solar and wind energy facilities. The first deals with solar and wind facilities located in industrial-zoned districts; the second with wind energy devices sited on piers; and the third addresses permitting standards small wind energy devices in general. All three are described below. '''Solar and Wind as Permitted Uses in Industrial Zones''' In March 2009 the state enacted legislation (A.B. 2550) defining facilities

117

Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems July 2, 2012 - 8:21pm Addthis Because the peak operating times for wind and solar systems occur at different times of the day and year, hybrid systems are more likely to produce power when you need it. Because the peak operating times for wind and solar systems occur at different times of the day and year, hybrid systems are more likely to produce power when you need it. How does it work? A small "hybrid" electric system that combines wind and solar technologies can offer several advantages over either single system. According to many renewable energy experts, a small "hybrid" electric system that combines home wind electric and home solar electric (photovoltaic or PV) technologies offers several advantages over either

118

Guidelines for Solar and Wind Local Ordinances (Virginia) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidelines for Solar and Wind Local Ordinances (Virginia) Guidelines for Solar and Wind Local Ordinances (Virginia) Guidelines for Solar and Wind Local Ordinances (Virginia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal Utility Nonprofit Residential Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State Government Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info State Virginia Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards In March 2011, the Virginia legislature enacted broad guidelines for local ordinances for solar and wind. The law states that any local ordinance related to the siting of solar or wind energy facilities must:

119

Active and passive solar heating of buildings  

SciTech Connect

An overview of both active and passive solar heating approaches for buildings is presented. Passive solar heating concepts--in which the thermal energy flow is by natural means--are described according to five classifications: direct gain, thermal storage wall, solar greenhouses, roof ponds, and convective loops. Results of simulation analyses are presented for a variety of climates. Active systems utilizing both liquid-heating collectors and air-heating collectors are described. Trends in the recent development of solar heating are discussed.

Balcomb, J.D.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Solar, Wind, Hydropower: Home Renewable Energy Installations | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar, Wind, Hydropower: Home Renewable Energy Installations Solar, Wind, Hydropower: Home Renewable Energy Installations Solar, Wind, Hydropower: Home Renewable Energy Installations April 17, 2013 - 1:44pm Addthis This Lakewood, Colorado home was built in 1956. Brent and Mo Nelson upgraded the home with multiple solar technologies including; daylighting, passive solar and active solar. They also have an 80 gallon solar hot water heater. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, National Renewable Energy Laboratory. This Lakewood, Colorado home was built in 1956. Brent and Mo Nelson upgraded the home with multiple solar technologies including; daylighting, passive solar and active solar. They also have an 80 gallon solar hot water heater. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Homeowner Andrea Mitchel, with installer Joe Guasti, proudly shows off small wind turbine installed in Oak Hills, CA. | Photo by Karin Sinclair, National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Passive solar heating of buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Passive solar heating concepts--in which the thermal energy flow is by natural means--are described according to five general classifications: direct gain, thermal storage wall, solar greenhouses, roof ponds, and convective loops. Examples of each are discussed. Passive test rooms built at Los Alamos are described and results are presented. Mathematical simulation techniques based on thermal network analysis are given together with validation comparisons against test room data. Systems analysis results for 29 climates are presented showing that the concepts should have wide applicability for solar heating.

Balcomb, J.D.; Hedstrom, J.C.; McFarland, R.D.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Solar Design Standards for State Buildings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Design Standards for State Buildings Solar Design Standards for State Buildings Solar Design Standards for State Buildings < Back Eligibility Construction Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Program Info State Arizona Program Type Energy Standards for Public Buildings Provider Arizona Department of Commerce Arizona law requires that new state building projects over six thousand square feet follow prescribed solar design standards. Solar improvements should be evaluated on the basis of life cycle costs. Affected buildings include buildings designed and constructed by the department of

123

Building design guidelines for solar energy technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There are two main objectives to this publication. The first is to find out the communalities in the experience gained in previous studies and in actual applications of solar technologies in buildings, residential as well as nonresidential. The second objective is to review innovative concepts and products which may have an impact on future developments and applications of solar technologies in buildings. The available information and common lessons were collated and presented in a form which, hopefully, is useful for architects and solar engineers, as well as for teachers of solar architecture'' and students in Architectural Schools. The publication is based mainly on the collection and analysis of relevant information. The information included previous studies in which the performance of solar buildings was evaluated, as well as the personal experience of the Author and the research consultants. The state of the art, as indicated by these studies and personal experience, was summarized and has served as basis for the development of the Design Guidelines. In addition to the summary of the state of the art, as was already applied in solar buildings, an account was given of innovative concepts and products. Such innovations have occurred in the areas of thermal storage by Phase Change Materials (PCM) and in glazing with specialized or changeable properties. Interesting concepts were also developed for light transfer, which may enable to transfer sunlight to the core areas of large multi story nonresidential buildings. These innovations may have a significant impact on future developments of solar technologies and their applications in buildings. 15 refs., 19 figs., 3 tabs.

Givoni, B.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

The Solar Wind in the Outer Heliosphere at Solar John D. Richardson and Chi Wang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Solar Wind in the Outer Heliosphere at Solar Maximum John D. Richardson and Chi Wang Center solar wind observations in the outer heliosphere, concentrating on the recent data near solar maximum. The speed and temperature tend to be lower at solar maximum, due to the lack of coronal holes. The near

Richardson, John

125

Passive solar heating for buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A passive solar energy system is one in which the thermal energy flow is by natural means, that is by radiation, conduction, or natural convection. A survey of passive solar heating experience, especially in the U.S., is provided. Design approaches are reviewed and examples shown. Misconceptions are discussed. Advantages are listed. The Los Alamos program of performance simulation and evaluation is described and a simplified method of performance estimation is outlined.

Balcomb, J.D.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wiki Page Wiki Page Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment A United Nations Environment Programme facilitated effort. Getting Started Data Sets Analysis Tools About SWERA Loading.. Country Name Analyze Layer Data in OpenCarto View Country Profile in OpenEI Latitude Longitude Homer XML Get HOMER Data What am I seeing? This visualization shows international solar DNI, wind and climate resources. Click on one of the layer buttons below to view the resource layer. For more detailed information on each country, select the country by clicking it on the map below and then select 'View in OpenCarto' or 'View Country Page in OpenEI' to explore more data for that country. For HOMER, select a point to populate the latitude/longitude or provide your own, then press the button to send this information to HOMER.

127

Turbulent Density Spectrum in Solar Wind Plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The density fluctuation spectrum in the solar wind reveals a Kolmogorov-like scaling with a spectral slope of -5/3 in wavenumber space. The energy transfer process in the magnetized solar wind, characterized typically by MHD turbulence, over extended length-scales remains an unresolved paradox of modern turbulence theories, raising the question of how a compressible magnetofluid exhibits a turbulent spectrum that is characteristic of an incompressible hydrodynamic fluid. To address these questions, we have undertaken three-dimensional time dependent numerical simulations of a compressible magnetohydrodynamic fluid describing super-Alfv\\'enic, supersonic and strongly magnetized plasma fluid. It is shown that a Kolmogorov-like density spectrum can develop by plasma motions that are dominated by Alfv\\'enic cascades whereas compressive modes are dissipated.

Shaikh, Dastgeer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Density Spectrum in the Solar Wind Plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The density fluctuation spectrum in the solar wind reveals a Kolmogorov-like scaling with a spectral slope of -5/3 in wavenumber space. The energy transfer process in the magnetized solar wind, characterized typically by MHD turbulence, over extended length-scales remains an unresolved paradox of modern turbulence theories, raising the question of how a compressible magnetofluid exhibits a turbulent spectrum that is characteristic of an incompressible hydrodynamic fluid. To address these questions, we have undertaken three-dimensional time dependent numerical simulations of a compressible magnetohydrodynamic fluid describing super-Alfv\\'enic, supersonic and strongly magnetized plasma fluid. It is shown that a Kolmogorov-like density spectrum can develop by plasma motions that are dominated by Alfv\\'enic cascades whereas compressive modes are dissipated.

Shaikh, Dastgeer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

DOE Solar Decathlon: 2007 Building Industry Workshops  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

team Puerto Rico student stands over the team's gray-water pool, which is filled with green plants, and explains to visitors surrounding the pool how it recycles water for reuse. team Puerto Rico student stands over the team's gray-water pool, which is filled with green plants, and explains to visitors surrounding the pool how it recycles water for reuse. Universidad de Puerto Rico student Wilfredo Rodriguez explains the team's gray-water pool to visitors at the 2007 Solar Decathlon. The pool is used to filter wash water for reuse. Solar Decathlon 2007 Building Industry Workshops Below are descriptions of the workshops offered at the 2007 Solar Decathlon on Building Industry Day, Thursday, October 18, 2007. Solar Applications for Homes Revised Title: Translating Sustainability to Affordable Housing 9:00 a.m. Presenter: ASHRAE and John Quale, Assistant Professor, University of Virginia School of Architecture The focus of the workshop is translating sustainability to affordable

130

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Solar Tool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Tool Solar Tool Solar Tool logo. Makes the process of accurately sizing and positioning overhangs, shading devices and louvers easy. This software is a must for architects, planners and building services engineers, anyone who needs to quickly determine the extent of solar penetration into buildings, overshadowing or the most appropriate means of shading a window. The program uses a flexible, parametric model on which can be placed any number of horizontal, vertical and detached shades. You can select any date, time or location, seeing immediately the resulting shadows whilst interactively manipulating the geometry to show immediately the effects. You can also choose to automatically optimise the size and shape of any shading device over any range of dates and times you require. Screen Shots

131

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Initiated in 2007 to examine the operational impact of up to 35% penetration of wind, photovoltaic (PV), and concentrating solar power (CSP) energy on the electric power system, the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) is one of the largest regional wind and solar integration studies to date. The goal is to understand the effects of variability and uncertainty of wind, PV, and CSP on the grid. In the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 1, solar penetration was limited to 5%. Utility-scale PV was not included because of limited capability to model sub-hourly, utility-scale PV output . New techniques allow the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 to include high penetrations of solar - not only CSP and rooftop PV but also utility-scale PV plants.

Not Available

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Solar, Wind, and Energy Efficiency Easements and Rights Laws | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar, Wind, and Energy Efficiency Easements and Rights Laws Solar, Wind, and Energy Efficiency Easements and Rights Laws Solar, Wind, and Energy Efficiency Easements and Rights Laws < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State Colorado Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Provider Colorado Energy Office Colorado's solar access laws, which date back to 1979, prohibit any residential covenants that restrict solar access. [http://www.leg.state.co.us/CLICS/CLICS2008A/csl.nsf/fsbillcont3/3F45E0C8... HB 1270] of 2008 extended the law to protect installations of wind turbines that meet the state's interconnection standards, and certain

133

Passive solar concepts for multistory buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Multistory buildings long in the east-west direction and short in the north-south direction offer good opportunity for passive solar application. If each unit within the building is designed so that the Solar Savings Fraction is the same, each will respond to the weather the same way and no unit-to-unit heat distribution is needed. A numerical example for Denver is given indicating excellent thermal performance and a several-day thermal response time. Solutions involving distribution of heat from unit to unit are also discussed as well as top-floor and south-wall variations.

Balcomb, J.D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

ISOTOPIC MASS FRACTIONATION OF SOLAR WIND: EVIDENCE FROM FAST AND SLOW SOLAR WIND COLLECTED BY THE GENESIS MISSION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NASA's Genesis space mission returned samples of solar wind collected over {approx}2.3 years. We present elemental and isotopic compositions of He, Ne, and Ar analyzed in diamond-like carbon targets from the slow and fast solar wind collectors to investigate isotopic fractionation processes during solar wind formation. The solar wind provides information on the isotopic composition for most volatile elements for the solar atmosphere, the bulk Sun and hence, on the solar nebula from which it formed 4.6 Ga ago. Our data reveal a heavy isotope depletion in the slow solar wind compared to the fast wind composition by 63.1 {+-} 2.1 per mille for He, 4.2 {+-} 0.5 per mille amu{sup -1} for Ne and 2.6 {+-} 0.5 per mille amu{sup -1} for Ar. The three Ne isotopes suggest that isotopic fractionation processes between fast and slow solar wind are mass dependent. The He/H ratios of the collected slow and fast solar wind samples are 0.0344 and 0.0406, respectively. The inefficient Coulomb drag model reproduces the measured isotopic fractionation between fast and slow wind. Therefore, we apply this model to infer the photospheric isotopic composition of He, Ne, and Ar from our solar wind data. We also compare the isotopic composition of oxygen and nitrogen measured in the solar wind with values of early solar system condensates, probably representing solar nebula composition. We interpret the differences between these samples as being due to isotopic fractionation during solar wind formation. For both elements, the magnitude and sign of the observed differences are in good agreement with the values predicted by the inefficient Coulomb drag model.

Heber, Veronika S.; Baur, Heinrich; Wieler, Rainer [Institute for Geochemistry and Petrology, ETH Zurich, Clausiusstrasse 25, CH-8092 Zurich (Switzerland); Bochsler, Peter [Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Bern, Sidlerstasse 5, CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland); McKeegan, Kevin D. [Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, 595 Charles Young Drive East, Box 951567, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1567 (United States); Neugebauer, Marcia [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721-0092 (United States); Reisenfeld, Daniel B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812 (United States); Wiens, Roger C., E-mail: heber@ess.ucla.edu [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

135

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance-Part I: Analysis of roofing product databases Title Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect...

136

U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon Building Code  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BUILDING CODE Last Updated: April 29, 2011 U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011 Building Code i April 29, 2011 Contents Section 1. Introduction ......

137

Community Solar and Wind Grant Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Community Solar and Wind Grant Program Community Solar and Wind Grant Program Community Solar and Wind Grant Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Maximum Rebate $250,000 Program Info Funding Source Renewable Energy Resources Trust Fund Start Date 09/2011 Expiration Date 04/08/2013 State Illinois Program Type State Grant Program Rebate Amount Business Solar Thermal: 30% of project costs Government and Nonprofit Solar Thermal: 40% of project costs Business PV: $1.50/watt or 25% of project costs Government and Nonprofit PV: $2.60/watt or 40% of project costs Business Wind: $1.70/watt or 30% of project costs Government and Nonprofit Wind: $2.60/watt or 40% of project costs

138

Solar Buildings Program Technology Overview (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Today's buildings use a third of the energy currently consumed in the United States and are responsible for two-thirds of peak electrical demand. Because of this, the potential for using solar thermal technologies to reduce utility peak loads in place of conventional gas- or electric-based technologies is substantial.

Not Available

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Solar and Wind Energy Equipment Exemption | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar and Wind Energy Equipment Exemption Solar and Wind Energy Equipment Exemption Solar and Wind Energy Equipment Exemption < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Varies Provider Wisconsin Department of Revenue In Wisconsin, any value added by a solar-energy system or a wind-energy system is exempt from general property taxes. A solar-energy system is defined as "equipment which directly converts and then transfers or stores solar energy into usable forms of thermal or electrical energy, but does not include equipment or components that would be present as part of a

140

Wavelet Analysis on Solar Wind Parameters and Geomagnetic Indices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sun as an oscillator produces frequencies which propagate in the heliosphere, via solar wind, to the terrestrial magnetosphere. We searched for those frequencies in the parameters of the near Earth solar plasma and the geomagnetic indices for the past four solar cycles. The solar wind parameters used in this work are the interplanetary magnetic field, plasma beta, Alfven Mach number, solar wind speed, plasma temperature, plasma pressure, plasma density and the geomagnetic indices DST, AE, Ap and Kp. We found out that each parameter of the solar wind exhibit certain periodicities which di?erentiate in each cycle. Our results indicate intermittent periodicities in our data, some of them shared between the solar wind parameters and geomagnetic indices.

Katsavrias, Ch; Moussas, X

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin Addthis Day 7 Construction 1 of 22 Day 7 Construction During the 7th day of construction,...

142

Building Technologies Office: U.S. Department of Energy Solar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon on Facebook Tweet about Building...

143

Solar Decathlon 2013: Building Skills for Future Careers | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon 2013: Building Skills for Future Careers Solar Decathlon 2013: Building Skills for Future Careers September 16, 2013 - 3:03pm Addthis It took six months and nearly...

144

10 Questions for a Wind & Solar Integration Analyst: Kirsten...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Laboratory (NREL) scientist Kirsten Orwig specializes in transmission and grid integration for wind and solar energy. She shared with us how her experiences in storm chasing...

145

Solar or Wind Energy System Credit - Corporate (California) ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Page Edit with form History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Solar or Wind Energy System Credit - Corporate (California) This is the approved revision...

146

Solar or Wind Energy System Credit - Personal (California) |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Page Edit with form History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Solar or Wind Energy System Credit - Personal (California) This is the approved revision...

147

Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Laws Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings...

148

Solar and Wind Energy Utilization and Project Development Scenarios  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utilization and Project Development Scenarios

(Abstract):Solar and wind energy resources in Ethiopia have not been given due attention in the past. Some of...

149

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) - Bangladesh...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

made over the globe for production of electrical and thermal energy. Success of wind and solar energy projects require detailed and precise information on the resources. For most...

150

Hybrid Wind and Solar Electric Systems | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-- not connected to an electricity distribution system. For the times when neither the wind nor the solar system are producing, most hybrid systems provide power through...

151

Understanding of solar wind structure might be wrong  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Understanding solar wind allows us to understand the initiation and evolution of geomagnetic storms," said Herbert Funsten, chief scientist for the International, Space &...

152

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment - Kenya Country Report  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Kenya Country Report (Abstract):The Kenya Country Report describes the energy situation in Kenys and identifies solar and wind energy opportunities.
...

153

Solar/Wind Access Policy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar/Wind Access Policy Solar/Wind Access Policy < Solar Jump to: navigation, search Solar and wind access laws are designed to establish a right to install and operate a solar or wind energy system at a home or other facility. Some solar access laws also ensure a system owner's access to sunlight. These laws may be implemented at both the state and local levels. In some states, access rights prohibit homeowners associations, neighborhood covenants and local ordinances from restricting a homeowner's right to use solar energy. Easements, the most common form of solar access law, allow for the rights to existing access to a renewable resource on the part of one property owner to be secured from an owner whose property could be developed in such a way as to restrict that resource. An easement is

154

City of Madison- Solar & Wind Access and Planning Laws  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Madison, Wisconsin, has established several local laws to facilitate the planning and permitting of solar and wind systems. The planning guidelines are specific to solar, while the permitting laws...

155

Solar Wind: Manifestations of Solar Activity E N CYC LO PE D IA O F AS T R O N O MY AN D AS T R O PHYS I C S Solar Wind: Manifestations of Solar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Wind: Manifestations of Solar Activity E N CYC LO PE D IA O F AS T R O N O MY AN D AS T R O PHYS I C S Solar Wind: Manifestations of Solar Activity The Sun's outer atmosphere, the corona, is continually heated and expands to create the solar wind. Solar activity waxes and wanes with the 11 yr cycle

Webb, David F.

156

Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws and Local Option Solar Rights Law  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws and Local Option Solar Rights Law Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws and Local Option Solar Rights Law < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Wind Program Info State Oregon Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Oregon has several laws that protect access to solar and wind resources and the use of solar energy systems. Oregon's solar access laws date back to 1979 and state that no person conveying or contracting to convey a property title can include provisions that prohibit the use of solar energy systems

157

Florida Solar Energy Center (Building America Partnership for...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Improved Residential Construction Jump to: navigation, search Name Florida Solar Energy Center (Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction...

158

Turbulent heating of the corona and solar wind: the heliospheric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of telegraph services - Once per 500 years (ice cores) - Solar-terrestrial connection - Interplanetary space of radiators - Dust environment - Cp/Cg problems - Solar panels and power #12;Solar Probe Plus 2018 launch 35Turbulent heating of the corona and solar wind: the heliospheric dark energy problem Stuart D. Bale

159

Solar and Wind Permitting Standards | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Permitting Standards Permitting Standards Jump to: navigation, search Permitting standards can facilitate the installation of wind and solar energy systems by specifying the conditions and fees involved in project development. Some local governments have adopted simplified or expedited permitting standards for wind and/or solar. “Top-of-the-stack” or fast-track permitting saves system owners and project developers time and money. Some states have established maximum fees that local governments may charge for a permit for a solar or wind energy system. In addition, some states have developed (or have supported the development of) model wind ordinances for use by local governments. [1] Contents 1 Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Incentives 2 References Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Incentives

160

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment Programme's Renewable Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment Programme's Renewable Energy Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment Programme's Renewable Energy Resource Explorer Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment Programme's Renewable Energy Resource Explorer Focus Area: Solar Topics: Opportunity Assessment & Screening Website: en.openei.org/apps/SWERA/ Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/solar-and-wind-energy-resource-assess Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) programme's Renewable Energy Resource Explorer (RREX) is a Web-based map viewer that displays data from SWERA, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) renewable resource assessment program. The viewer allows users to select any location

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Passive Solar Building Design Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Passive Solar Building Design Basics Passive Solar Building Design Basics Passive Solar Building Design Basics July 30, 2013 - 3:20pm Addthis The difference between a passive solar home and a conventional home is design. Passive solar homes and other buildings are designed to take advantage of the local climate. Passive solar design-also known as climatic design-involves using a building's windows, walls, and floors to collect, store, and distribute solar energy in the form of heat in the winter and reject solar heat in the summer. Learn how passive solar design techniques work. Direct Gain Direct gain is the process by which sunlight directly enters a building through the windows and is absorbed and temporarily stored in massive floors or walls. Indirect Gain Indirect gain is the process by which the sun warms a heat storage

162

Small Solar Wind Transients and Their Connection totheLarge-Scale Coronal Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I.G. : 2006, In situ solar wind and magnetic ?eld signaturesE. : 2008, The IMPACT Solar Wind Electron Analyzer (SWEA).Heliospheric images of the solar wind at Earth. Astrophys.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Interplanetary Scintillation Observations of Stream Interaction Regions in the Solar Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measurements of the solar wind velocity with EISCAT. Astron.measurements of the solar wind. Ann. Geophys. 14, 1235.regions in the solar wind. Adv. Space Res. Breen, A.R. ,

Bisi, M. M.; Fallows, R. A.; Breen, A. R.; ONeill, I. J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Dust Detection by the Wave Instrument on STEREO: Nanoparticles Picked up by the Solar Wind?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007, Basics of the Solar Wind, Cambridge University Press,Picked up by the Solar Wind? N. Meyer-Vernet M. Maksimovicof magnitude of the solar wind speed. Nanoparticles, which

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Interplanetary Scintillation Observations of Stream Interaction Regions in the Solar Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the solar wind during whole Sun month: Comparisons withobservations of the solar wind near the Sun. Ph.D. Thesis,592: Solar Wind 11/SOHO 16, Connecting Sun and Heliosphere

Bisi, M. M.; Fallows, R. A.; Breen, A. R.; ONeill, I. J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Comment on "Air Emissions Due to Wind and Solar Power" and Supporting Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

due to wind and solar power. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2)Emissions Due to Wind and Solar Power Andrew Mills, ? , due to wind and solar power. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2)

Mills, Andrew D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Small Solar Wind Transients and Their Connection totheLarge-Scale Coronal Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I.G. : 2006, In situ solar wind and magnetic ?eld signaturesPenou, E. : 2008, The IMPACT Solar Wind Electron Analyzer (Heliospheric images of the solar wind at Earth. Astrophys.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Solar and Wind Energy Business Franchise Tax Exemption | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar and Wind Energy Business Franchise Tax Exemption Solar and Wind Energy Business Franchise Tax Exemption Solar and Wind Energy Business Franchise Tax Exemption < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info Start Date 1982 State Texas Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Rebate Amount All Provider Comptroller of Public Accounts Companies in Texas engaged solely in the business of manufacturing, selling, or installing solar energy devices are exempted from the franchise tax. The franchise tax is Texas's equivalent to a corporate tax. There is no ceiling on this exemption, so it is a substantial incentive for solar manufacturers. For the purposes of this exemption, a solar energy device means "a system

169

Assessment of Wind/Solar Co-located Generation in Texas  

SciTech Connect

This paper evaluates the opportunity to load co-located wind and solar generation capacity onto a constrained transmission system while engendering only minimal losses. It quantifies the economic and energy opportunities and costs associated with pursuing this strategy in two Texas locations ?¢???? one in west Texas and the other in south Texas. The study builds upon previous work published by the American Solar Energy Society (ASES) which illuminated the potential benefits of negative correlation of wind and solar generation in some locations by quantifying the economic and energy losses which would arise from deployment of solar generation in areas with existing wind generation and constrained transmission capacity. Clean Energy Associates (CEA) obtained and incorporated wind and solar resource data and the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT)) load and price data into a model which evaluates varying levels of solar thermal, solar photovoltaic (PV) and wind capacity against an assumed transmission capacity limit at each of the two locations.

Steven M. Wiese

2009-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

170

New Insights into Solar Wind Physics from SOHO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) was launched in December 1995 with a suite of instruments designed to answer long-standing questions about the Sun's internal structure, its extensive outer atmosphere, and the solar wind. This paper reviews the new understanding of the physical processes responsible for the solar wind that have come from the past 8 years of SOHO observations, analysis, and theoretical work. For example, the UVCS instrument on SOHO has revealed the acceleration region of the fast solar wind to be far from simple thermal equilibrium. Evidence for preferential acceleration of ions, 100 million K ion temperatures, and marked departures from Maxwellian velocity distributions all point to specific types of collisionless heating processes. The slow solar wind, typically associated with bright helmet streamers, has been found to share some of the nonthermal characteristics of the fast wind. Abundance measurements from spectroscopy and visible-light coronagraphic movies from LASCO have led to a better census of the plasma components making up the slow wind. The origins of the solar wind in the photosphere and chromosphere have been better elucidated with disk spectroscopy from the SUMER and CDS instruments. Finally, the impact of the solar wind on spacecraft systems, ground-based technology, and astronauts has been greatly aided by having continuous solar observations at the Earth-Sun L1 point, and SOHO has set a strong precedent for future studies of space weather.

Steven R. Cranmer

2004-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

171

Situational Awareness for Wind and Solar Power Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the electric power industry advances toward the concept of a renewable energy-friendly smart grid, understanding the complications and challenges of wind and solar generation on transmission and distribution (T&D) operations becomes increasingly important. This report describes research on information display requirements for wind and solar power monitoring visualization tools.

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

172

Anisotropic MHD Turbulence in the Interstellar Medium and Solar Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anisotropic MHD Turbulence in the Interstellar Medium and Solar Wind C. S. Ng Center for Magnetic (MHD) turbulence Observations in ISM and solar wind · Anisotropy due to magnetic field · Electron MHD turbulence #12;Interstellar turbulence From Cordes (1999) Observation: power law relation between electron

Ng, Chung-Sang

173

Pages that link to "New England Breeze Solar and Wind Installers...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Pages that link to "New England Breeze Solar and Wind Installers" New England Breeze Solar and Wind Installers Jump to:...

174

How Do High Levels of Wind and Solar Impact the Grid? The Western...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

displaced, which leaves coal to accommodate the variability of the wind and solar. Wind, Solar and Load Data 3TIER Group employed a mesoscale Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP)...

175

Local Option - Solar, Wind and Biomass Energy Systems Exemption |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option - Solar, Wind and Biomass Energy Systems Exemption Local Option - Solar, Wind and Biomass Energy Systems Exemption Local Option - Solar, Wind and Biomass Energy Systems Exemption < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Buying & Making Electricity Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Wind Program Info Start Date 01/01/1991 State New York Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption for 15 years (unless local jurisdiction has opted out) Provider Office of Real Property Tax Services Section 487 of the New York State Real Property Tax Law provides a 15-year real property tax exemption for solar, wind energy, and farm-waste energy

176

Puerto Rico - Solar and Wind Contractor Certification | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puerto Rico - Solar and Wind Contractor Certification Puerto Rico - Solar and Wind Contractor Certification Puerto Rico - Solar and Wind Contractor Certification < Back Eligibility Installer/Contractor Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info Program Type Solar/Wind Contractor Licensing Provider Energy Affairs Administration In October 2008, the Energy Affairs Administration (EAA) of Puerto Rico adopted regulations for the certification of photovoltaic (PV) systems and installers in response to the passing of Act No. 248, which required that PV systems be certified and installed by certified installers in order to be eligible for the newly established tax credits (that have since been repealed). With the passing of this regulation, only certified installers may install photovoltaic (PV) systems in Puerto Rico. In January 2010,

177

Solar/Wind Permitting Standards | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Permitting Standards Permitting Standards < Solar Jump to: navigation, search Permitting standards can facilitate the installation of wind and solar energy systems by specifying the conditions and fees involved in project development. Some local governments have adopted simplified or expedited permitting standards for wind and/or solar. “Top-of-the-stack” or fast-track permitting saves system owners and project developers time and money. Some states have established maximum fees that local governments may charge for a permit for a solar or wind energy system. In addition, some states have developed (or have supported the development of) model wind ordinances for use by local governments. [1] Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 55) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active

178

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The electric grid is a highly complex, interconnected machine, and changing one part of the grid can have consequences elsewhere. Adding wind and solar affects the operation of the other power plants and adding high penetrations can induce cycling of fossil-fueled generators. Cycling leads to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions. Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS-2) evaluated these costs and emissions and simulated grid operations for a year to investigate the detailed impact of wind and solar on the fossil-fueled fleet. This built on Phase 1, one of the largest wind and solar integration studies ever conducted, which examined operational impacts of high wind and solar penetrations in the West.

Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Ibanez, E.; Hodge, B. M.; Hummon, M.; Florita, A.; Heaney, M.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

A Multispacecraft Analysis of a Small-Scale Transient Entrained by Solar Wind Streams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar wind and solar transients between the Sun and 1 AU bythe solar wind can be tracked continuously from the Sun tothe Suns corona, known as coronal holes, where solar plasma

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Solar and Wind Equipment Sales Tax Exemption | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar and Wind Equipment Sales Tax Exemption Solar and Wind Equipment Sales Tax Exemption Solar and Wind Equipment Sales Tax Exemption < Back Eligibility Commercial General Public/Consumer Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Buying & Making Electricity Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate No maximum Program Info Start Date 1/1/1997 Expiration Date 12/31/2016 State Arizona Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% of sales tax on eligible equipment Provider Arizona Department of Revenue Arizona provides a sales tax exemption* for the retail sale of solar energy devices and for the installation of solar energy devices by contractors.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Solar and Wind Powering Wyoming Home | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar and Wind Powering Wyoming Home Solar and Wind Powering Wyoming Home Solar and Wind Powering Wyoming Home March 17, 2010 - 4:41pm Addthis Solar panels at Terry Sandstrom's home in Wheatland, Wyo. | Photo courtesy of Terry Sandstrom Solar panels at Terry Sandstrom's home in Wheatland, Wyo. | Photo courtesy of Terry Sandstrom Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Terry Sandstrom never thought he would run his house entirely on renewable energy, but when faced with a $100,000 price tag to get connected to the grid, he had to look at alternative options. The man who spent his entire life in houses pulling energy from the grid now has 12 solar panels on his front lawn and a wind turbine in the backyard."I had no involvement in the renewable energy process until I got up here," says Terry, who moved from

182

Solar and Wind Powering Wyoming Home | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar and Wind Powering Wyoming Home Solar and Wind Powering Wyoming Home Solar and Wind Powering Wyoming Home March 17, 2010 - 4:41pm Addthis Solar panels at Terry Sandstrom's home in Wheatland, Wyo. | Photo courtesy of Terry Sandstrom Solar panels at Terry Sandstrom's home in Wheatland, Wyo. | Photo courtesy of Terry Sandstrom Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Terry Sandstrom never thought he would run his house entirely on renewable energy, but when faced with a $100,000 price tag to get connected to the grid, he had to look at alternative options. The man who spent his entire life in houses pulling energy from the grid now has 12 solar panels on his front lawn and a wind turbine in the backyard."I had no involvement in the renewable energy process until I got up here," says Terry, who moved from

183

Innovations in Wind and Solar PV Financing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There is growing national interest in renewable energy development based on the economic, environmental, and security benefits that these resources provide. Historically, greater development of our domestic renewable energy resources has faced a number of hurdles, primarily related to cost, regulation, and financing. With the recent sustained increase in the costs and associated volatility of fossil fuels, the economics of renewable energy technologies have become increasingly attractive to investors, both large and small. As a result, new entrants are investing in renewable energy and new business models are emerging. This study surveys some of the current issues related to wind and solar photovoltaic (PV) energy project financing in the electric power industry, and identifies both barriers to and opportunities for increased investment.

Cory, K.; Coughlin, J.; Jenkin, T.; Pater, J.; Swezey, B.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

COMPOSITION OF THE SOLAR CORONA, SOLAR WIND, AND SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Along with temperature and density, the elemental abundance is a basic parameter required by astronomers to understand and model any physical system. The abundances of the solar corona are known to differ from those of the solar photosphere via a mechanism related to the first ionization potential of the element, but the normalization of these values with respect to hydrogen is challenging. Here, we show that the values used by solar physicists for over a decade and currently referred to as the 'coronal abundances' do not agree with the data themselves. As a result, recent analysis and interpretation of solar data involving coronal abundances may need to be revised. We use observations from coronal spectroscopy, the solar wind, and solar energetic particles as well as the latest abundances of the solar photosphere to establish a new set of abundances that reflect our current understanding of the coronal plasma.

Schmelz, J. T. [Physics Department, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152 (United States); Reames, D. V. [IPST, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Von Steiger, R. [ISSI, Hallerstrasse 6, 3012 Bern (Switzerland); Basu, S., E-mail: jschmelz@memphis.edu [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

185

PREDICTING THE TIME RESPONSE OF A BUILDING UNDER HEAT INPUT CONDITIONS FOR ACTIVE SOLAR HEATING SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar space heating system with heat input and building loadBUILDING UNDER HEAT INPUT CONDITIONS FOR ACTIVE SOLAR HEATINGBUILDING UNDER HEAT INPUT CONDITIONS FOR ACTIVE SOLAR HEATING

Warren, Mashuri L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Optimisation of buildings' solar irradiation availability  

SciTech Connect

In order to improve the sustainability of new and existing urban settlements it is desirable to maximise the utilisation of the solar energy incident on the building envelope, whether by passive or active means. To this end we have coupled a multi-objective optimisation algorithm with the backwards ray tracing program RADIANCE which itself uses a cumulative sky model for the computation of incident irradiation (W h/m{sup 2}) in a single simulation. The parameters to optimise are geometric (the height of buildings up to their facade and the height and orientation of roofs), but with the constraint of maintaining an overall built volume, and the objective function is heating season solar irradiation offset by envelope heat losses. This methodology has been applied to a range of urban typologies and produces readily interpretable results. The focus of this work is on the design of new urban forms but the method could equally be applied to examine the relative efficiency of existing urban settlements, by comparison of existing forms with the calculated optima derived from relevant specifications of the building envelope. (author)

Kaempf, Jerome Henri; Montavon, Marylene; Bunyesc, Josep; Robinson, Darren [Solar Energy and Building Physics Laboratory, Station 18, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Bolliger, Raffaele [Industrial Energy Systems Laboratory, Station 9, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

Florida Solar Energy Center (Building America Partnership for Improved  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Building America Partnership for Improved (Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction Jump to: navigation, search Name Florida Solar Energy Center (Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction Place Orlando, FL Website http://www.floridasolarenergyc References Florida Solar Energy Center (Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction[1] Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type Incubator Partnering Center within NREL Electricity Resources & Building Systems Integration LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! Florida Solar Energy Center (Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction is a company located in Orlando, FL. References

188

Non-Residential Solar and Wind Tax Credit (Personal) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Personal) Personal) Non-Residential Solar and Wind Tax Credit (Personal) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Buying & Making Electricity Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate 25,000 for any one building in the same year and 50,000 per business in total credits in any year Program Info Start Date 1/1/2006 State Arizona Program Type Personal Tax Credit Rebate Amount 10% of installed cost Provider Arizona Commerce Authority Arizona's tax credit for solar and wind installations in commercial and

189

Non-Residential Solar and Wind Tax Credit (Corporate) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Corporate) Corporate) Non-Residential Solar and Wind Tax Credit (Corporate) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Buying & Making Electricity Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate $25,000 for any one building in the same year and $50,000 per business in total credits in any year Program Info Start Date 1/1/2006 State Arizona Program Type Corporate Tax Credit Rebate Amount 10% of installed cost Provider Arizona Commerce Authority Arizona's tax credit for solar and wind installations in commercial and

190

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Jump to: navigation, search SWERA logo.png Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Interactive Web PortalPowered by OpenEI Getting Started Data Sets Analysis Tools About SWERA Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Partner: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Risoe National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Brazil's National Institute for Space Research (INPE), State University of New York (SUNY), Technical University of Denmark (DTU), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Global Environment Facility (GEF) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, Wind

191

3D Hall MHD Modeling of Solar Wind Plasma Spectra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present fully self consistent 3D simulations of compressible Hall MHD plasma that describe spectral features relevant to the solar wind plasma. We find that a $k^{-7/3}$ spectrum sets in for the fluctuations that are smaller than ion gyro radius. We further investigate scale dependent anisotropy led by nonlinear processes relevant to the solar wind plasma. Our work is important particularly in understanding the role of wave and nonlinear cascades in the evolution of the solar wind, structure formation at the largest scales.

Shaikh, Dastgeer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Wind loading on solar concentrators: some general considerations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A survey has been completed to examine the problems and complications arising from wind loading on solar concentrators. Wind loading is site specific and has an important bearing on the design, cost, performance, operation and maintenance, safety, survival, and replacement of solar collecting systems. Emphasis herein is on paraboloidal, two-axis tracking systems. Thermal receiver problems also are discussed. Wind characteristics are discussed from a general point of view; current methods for determining design wind speed are reviewed. Aerodynamic coefficients are defined and illustrative examples are presented. Wind tunnel testing is discussed, and environmental wind tunnels are reviewed; recent results on heliostat arrays are reviewed as well. Aeroelasticity in relation to structural design is discussed briefly. Wind loads, i.e., forces and moments, are proportional to the square of the mean wind velocity. Forces are proportional to the square of concentrator diameter, and moments are proportional to the cube of diameter. Thus, wind loads have an important bearing on size selection from both cost and performance standpoints. It is concluded that sufficient information exists so that reasonably accurate predictions of wind loading are possible for a given paraboloidal concentrator configuration, provided that reliable and relevant wind conditions are specified. Such predictions will be useful to the design engineer and to the systems engineer as well. Information is lacking, however, on wind effects in field arrays of paraboloidal concentrators. Wind tunnel tests have been performed on model heliostat arrays, but there are important aerodynamic differences between heliostats and paraboloidal dishes.

Roschke, E. J.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Solar Wind Sources in the Late Declining Phase ofCycle23: Effects of the Weak Solar Polar Field onHighSpeed Streams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isenberg, P.A. (eds. ) Solar Wind Nine, AIP Conf. Proc. 471,AT SOLAR MINIMUM Solar Wind Sources in the Late Decliningfor their high speed solar wind streams that dominate the

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Building Codes and Regulations for Solar Water Heating Systems...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Codes and Regulations for Solar Water Heating Systems Building Codes and Regulations for Solar Water Heating Systems June 24, 2012 - 1:50pm Addthis Photo Credit: iStockphoto Photo...

195

Building Codes and Regulations for Solar Water Heating Systems | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building Codes and Regulations for Solar Water Heating Systems Building Codes and Regulations for Solar Water Heating Systems Building Codes and Regulations for Solar Water Heating Systems June 24, 2012 - 1:50pm Addthis Photo Credit: iStockphoto Photo Credit: iStockphoto Before installing a solar water heating system, you should investigate local building codes, zoning ordinances, and subdivision covenants, as well as any special regulations pertaining to the site. You will probably need a building permit to install a solar energy system onto an existing building. Not every community or municipality initially welcomes residential renewable energy installations. Although this is often due to ignorance or the comparative novelty of renewable energy systems, you must comply with existing building and permit procedures to install your system.

196

Building Codes and Regulations for Solar Water Heating Systems | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building Codes and Regulations for Solar Water Heating Systems Building Codes and Regulations for Solar Water Heating Systems Building Codes and Regulations for Solar Water Heating Systems June 24, 2012 - 1:50pm Addthis Photo Credit: iStockphoto Photo Credit: iStockphoto Before installing a solar water heating system, you should investigate local building codes, zoning ordinances, and subdivision covenants, as well as any special regulations pertaining to the site. You will probably need a building permit to install a solar energy system onto an existing building. Not every community or municipality initially welcomes residential renewable energy installations. Although this is often due to ignorance or the comparative novelty of renewable energy systems, you must comply with existing building and permit procedures to install your system.

197

Solar Wind Turbulence A Study of Corotating Interaction Regions at 1 AU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Wind Turbulence A Study of Corotating Interaction Regions at 1 AU Je rey A. Tessein Department of Physics University of New Hampshire Durham, NH 03824 May 15, 2009 #12;Abstract The solar wind's rotation and the variability in the source of the solar wind, fast moving wind can crash into slow wind

New Hampshire, University of

198

UNEP/DTIE Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Project  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNEP/DTIE Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Project UNEP/DTIE Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Project Document Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This project will provide solar and wind resource data and geographic information assessment tools to public and private sector executives who are involved in energy market development. It will demonstrate the use of these instruments in investment and policy decision making and build local capacities for their continuous use. The project will enable private investors and public policy makers to assess the technical, economic and environmental potential for large-scale investments in technologies that enable the exploitation of two increasingly important sources of renewable energy. During this pilot project, tools for analysis and use of resource information will be developed, a global tx_metadatatool and review mechanism will be initiated, regional/national solar and wind resource maps generated and national assessment demonstrations performed. The overall goal is to promote the integration of wind and solar alternatives in national and regional energy planning and sector restructuring as well as related policy making. The project will enable informed decision making and enhance the ability of participating governments to attract increased investor interest in renewable energy. Thirteen countries will be directly involved in the pilot stage of the project. Global and regional maps will be available to all developing countries.

199

Solar Correction Factors of Building Envelope in Tebei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tebei has very rich solar energy in China and needs heating in winter,but the present energy building design code has no solar correction factor for the overall heat transfer coefficient of building envelope for Tebei. Based on the typical year weather data, this paper compares the solar energy of a typical city, Lassa, in Tebei with that of another city that has the same degree-days of heating period, calculates the heating energy for the building, and proposes the solar correction factors for an overall heat transfer coefficient of building envelope in Tebei.

Wang, D.; Tang, M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Puerto Rico - Building Energy Code with Mandatory Solar Water...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Solar Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Program Information Program Type Building Energy Code In 2009, the Governor of Puerto Rico provided assurance that Puerto...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog Blog Archive Building Industry...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(far left), Rob Minnick, and members of their company's green team attended Building Industry Day. (Credit: Alexis PowersU.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon) Consumer...

202

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance - Part II: Development of an accelerated aging method for roofing materials Title Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its...

203

Solar America Initiative--In Focus: The Building Industry  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fact sheet introduces the building industry to the U.S. Department of Energy's Solar America Initiative (SAI) and describes how the building industry can benefit from and contribute to the SAI.

Not Available

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin | Department of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Let the Building Begin Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin September 30, 2013 - 10:45am Addthis Day 7 Construction 1 of 22 Day 7 Construction During the 7th day of...

205

Solar America Initiative--In Focus: The Building Industry  

SciTech Connect

Fact sheet introduces the building industry to the U.S. Department of Energy's Solar America Initiative (SAI) and describes how the building industry can benefit from and contribute to the SAI.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

SOLAR WIND HELIUM ABUNDANCE AS A FUNCTION OF SPEED AND HELIOGRAPHIC LATITUDE: VARIATION THROUGH A SOLAR CYCLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR WIND HELIUM ABUNDANCE AS A FUNCTION OF SPEED AND HELIOGRAPHIC LATITUDE: VARIATION THROUGH A SOLAR CYCLE Justin C. Kasper,1 Michael L. Stevens, and Alan J. Lazarus Kavli Institute for Astrophysics of the variation of the relative abundance of helium to hydrogen in the solar wind as a function of solar wind

Richardson, John

207

Overview of the United Nations Environment Programme's Solar and Wind  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Overview of the United Nations Environment Programme's Solar and Wind Overview of the United Nations Environment Programme's Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Project Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Project overview describing rationale, products and partners of the UNEP/GEF Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment project. (Purpose): Project overview for presentation at the Asia regional meeting at the Second International Conference on Renewable Energy Technology for Rural Development (RETRUD-03) in Katmandu on 12-14 October 2003 Source NREL Date Released October 14th, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated October 20th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords GEF solar SWERA UNEP United Nations wind Data application/zip icon Download Presentation (zip, 5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

208

Fluidic: Grid-Scale Batteries for Wind and Solar | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

up to 5,000 charge and discharge cycles - enough to support grid-scale integration of wind and solar power. Fluidic's battery could also help optimize electric grid performance...

209

Solar Radiative Transfer for Wind-Sheared Cumulus Cloud Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Monte Carlo method of photon transport was used to simulate solar radiative transfer for cumulus-like cloud forms (and cloud fields) possessing structural characteristics similar to those induced by wind shear. Using regular infinite arrays ...

Howard W. Barker

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Solar and Wind Energy Device Franchise Tax Deduction (Texas)...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

211

Community Solar and Wind Grant Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

212

Solar and Wind Energy Credit (Personal) (Hawaii) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

213

Solar and Wind Contractor Licensing (Connecticut) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

214

Solar and Wind Energy Rebate Program (Illinois) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

215

Solar and Wind Equipment Sales Tax Exemption (Arizona) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

216

Non-Residential Solar & Wind Tax Credit (Corporate) (Arizona...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

217

Residential Solar and Wind Energy Systems Tax Credit (Arizona...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

218

Solar and Wind Energy Credit (Corporate) (Hawaii) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

219

Non-Residential Solar & Wind Tax Credit (Personal) (Arizona)...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

220

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study: Phase 2 (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation summarizes the scope and results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2, which examined operational impacts of high penetrations of variable renewable generation in the West.

Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Ibanez, E.; Lefton, S.; Kumar, N.; Venkataraman, S.; Jordan, G.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Non-Residential Solar & Wind Tax Credit (Corporate)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Arizonas tax credit for solar and wind installations in commercial and industrial applications was established in June 2006 ([http://www.azleg.gov/legtext/47leg/2r/bills/hb2429s.pdf HB 2429]). In...

222

Non-Residential Solar & Wind Tax Credit (Personal)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Arizonas tax credit for solar and wind installations in commercial and industrial applications was established in June 2006 ([http://www.azleg.gov/legtext/47leg/2r/bills/hb2429s.pdf HB 2429]). In...

223

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is one-page, two-sided fact sheet presents high-level summary results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2, which examined operational impacts of high penetrations of variable renewable generation in the West.

Not Available

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Excise Tax Deduction for Solar- or Wind-Powered Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In Massachusetts, businesses may deduct from net income, for state excise tax purposes, expenditures paid or incurred from the installation of any "solar or wind powered climatic control unit and...

225

Integrating Wind, Solar and Demand Response into Energy Risk Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric utilities are under pressure from federal and state assemblies to derive increasingly large percentages of their electricity from resources that are "renewable". This translates into large scale rollout of wind and solar generation, and perhaps biomass. The chief motivation for these laws seems to be reduction in greenhouse gases, particularly carbon. A primary concern is that the largest of these, wind and solar, are extremely variable in output and appear difficult to predict. This project ad...

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

226

Interplanetary Scintillation Observations of Stream Interaction Regions in the Solar Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1985, Measurements of the solar wind velocity with EISCAT.scintillation. J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys. 58, 507. Breen,Eiscat measurements of the solar wind. Ann. Geophys. 14,

Bisi, M. M.; Fallows, R. A.; Breen, A. R.; ONeill, I. J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Small Business Harnessing Solar Energy with Building Materials | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Business Harnessing Solar Energy with Building Materials Small Business Harnessing Solar Energy with Building Materials Small Business Harnessing Solar Energy with Building Materials April 26, 2010 - 5:15pm Addthis A balcony in New York where BIPV was used. | Photo courtesy Applied PV A balcony in New York where BIPV was used. | Photo courtesy Applied PV Joshua DeLung Business partners Jeff Szczepanski and Rob Lyndall imagine a world where many of the buildings have walls, windows and other materials that are integrated with photovoltaic technology - that is, buildings that generate solar energy without necessarily adding panels to the roof. And because of new funding opportunities, that vision might not be too far into the future. Applied Photovoltaics, located in Pennington, N.J., will manufacture solar energy modules for use in building-integrated photovoltaics. The company

228

Small Business Harnessing Solar Energy with Building Materials | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Business Harnessing Solar Energy with Building Materials Small Business Harnessing Solar Energy with Building Materials Small Business Harnessing Solar Energy with Building Materials April 26, 2010 - 5:15pm Addthis A balcony in New York where BIPV was used. | Photo courtesy Applied PV A balcony in New York where BIPV was used. | Photo courtesy Applied PV Joshua DeLung Business partners Jeff Szczepanski and Rob Lyndall imagine a world where many of the buildings have walls, windows and other materials that are integrated with photovoltaic technology - that is, buildings that generate solar energy without necessarily adding panels to the roof. And because of new funding opportunities, that vision might not be too far into the future. Applied Photovoltaics, located in Pennington, N.J., will manufacture solar energy modules for use in building-integrated photovoltaics. The company

229

Potential for Development of Solar and Wind Resource in Bhutan  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

With support from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) produced maps and data of the wind and solar resources in Bhutan. The solar resource data show that Bhutan has an adequate resource for flat-plate collectors, with annual average values of global horizontal solar radiation ranging from 4.0 to 5.5 kWh/m2-day (4.0 to 5.5 peak sun hours per day). The information provided in this report may be of use to energy planners in Bhutan involved in developing energy policy or planning wind and solar projects, and to energy analysts around the world interested in gaining an understanding of Bhutan's wind and solar energy potential.

Gilman, P.; Cowlin, S.; Heimiller, D.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Origins of the slow and the ubiquitous fast solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present in this Letter the first coordinated radio occultation measurements and ultraviolet observations of the inner corona below 5.5 Rs, obtained during the Galileo solar conjunction in January 1997, to establish the origin of the slow solar wind. Limits on the flow speed are derived from the Doppler dimming of the resonantly scattered componentof the oxygen 1032 A and 1037 A lines as measured with the UltraViolet Coronagraph Spectrometer (UVCS) on the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). White light images of the corona from the Large Angle Spectroscopic Coronagraph (LASCO) on SOHO taken simultaneously are used to place the Doppler radio scintillation and ultraviolet measurements in the context ofcoronal structures. These combined observations provide the first direct confirmation of the view recently proposed by Woo and Martin (1997) that the slow solar wind is associated with the axes, also known as stalks, of streamers. Furthermore, the ultraviolet observations also show how the fast solar wind...

Habbal, S R; Fineschi, S; O'Neal, R; Kohl, J M; Noci, G; Korendyke, C

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

New England Breeze Solar and Wind Installers | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Breeze Solar and Wind Installers Breeze Solar and Wind Installers Jump to: navigation, search Logo: New England Breeze Solar and Wind Installers Name New England Breeze Solar and Wind Installers Place Hudson, Massachusetts Zip 01749 Sector Renewable energy, Services, Solar, Wind energy Product Solar Panel and Wind Turbine Installation Year founded 2006 Number of employees 1-10 Phone number 978-567-9463 Website http://www.NewEnglandBreeze.co Coordinates 42.3917598°, -71.5661769° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3917598,"lon":-71.5661769,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

232

Solar Wind Oscillations With a 1.3 Year Period  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The IMP-8 and Voyager 2 spacecraft have ecently detected a very strong modulation in the solar wind d w speed with an approximately 1.3 year period. Combine ith evidence from long-term auroral and magnetometer o studies, this suggests that fundamental changes in the Sun ccur on a roughly 1.3 year time scale. Introduction The Sun emits a continuous stream of ionized particles s d called the solar wind. This wind is not constant, but varie ue to changes on the Sun. Strong periodicities in the solar ) [ wind linked with the solar rotation period (roughly 25 days Neugebauer and Snyder, 1966] and the solar cycle , 1 [Neugebauer, 1975; Bridge, 1977; Lazarus and McNutt 990] have been observed. Periodicities ranging from 51 to r s 256 days have been reported both in solar wind and in othe olar observations (see Villanueva [1994] and references a therein). Solar cycle variations of sunspot numbers and uroral activity are well established [see review by Silverman, 1992]. The IMP...

John Richardson Karolen; John D. Richardson; Karolen I. Paularena; John W. Belcher; Alan J. Lazarus

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

How Do High Levels of Wind and Solar Impact the Grid? The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper is a brief introduction to the scope of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS), inputs and scenario development, and the key findings of the study.

Lew, D.; Piwko, D.; Miller, N.; Jordan, G.; Clark, K.; Freeman, L.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Building Energy Software Tools Directory : Solar Rater  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Related Links Solar Rater Back to Tool Solar Rater screenshot Solar Rater screenshot Solar Rater screenshot Contacts | Web Site Policies | U.S. Department of Energy | USA.gov...

235

Solar and Wind Rights | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2011, the legislature enacted a bill (Public Act 97-0105) which added a provision for wind energy. A homeowners's association or similar entity may restrict wind energy devices...

236

Solar News | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

News Solar News Bioenergy Buildings Geothermal Government Energy Management Homes Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Advanced Manufacturing Solar Vehicles Water Wind Blog Archive Recent News...

237

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Solar Tool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Energy Software Tools Directory EERE Building Technologies Office Building Energy Software Tools Directory Printable Version Share this resource Home About the...

238

DOE Solar Decathlon: Educational Resources for Building Professionals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Professionals Building Professionals The U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon provides educational opportunities for building professionals of all disciplines. Visiting the Solar Decathlon, touring the team houses, and participating in Building Industry Day are great ways to learn about new building technologies and techniques. Until the next event, you can learn more about renewable energy and energy-efficiency topics for building professionals by exploring the links below. EERE Building Technologies Program The Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE's) Building Technologies Program funds research and technology development to reduce commercial and residential building energy use. Its website offers a variety of programs, tools, and resources for building

239

City of Portland - Streamlined Building Permits for Residential Solar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Commercial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Program Info State Oregon Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Provider City of Portland The City of Portland's Bureau of Development Services (BDS) developed an electronic permitting process for residential solar energy system installations. With this streamlined, expedited process, solar contractors can submit the project plans and permit application online for residential installations. In order to file the online application, the contractor must first be trained. The City of Portland has staff at the permitting desk trained as solar experts to assist solar contractors who need help filing their permits in person. This process has a turnaround time of

240

Solar Design Standards for State Buildings (Arizona) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind Page Actions View form View source History View New...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Generalized solar load ratio correlation for direct gain buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A generalized solar load ratio correlation has been developed for direct gain buildings by generating relationships between the correlation parameters and two fundamental design parameters. The first design parameter is the steady state conductance of the solar aperture, U/sub c/. The second is the effective heat capacity of the solar zone, EHC.

Wray, W.O.; Best, E.D.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

SOLAR CROWDSOURCING A New Way to Build Community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR CROWDSOURCING A New Way to Build Community By Adam Byrnes l MBA/MS 2012 Erb Renewable Energy early-stage ideas and insights in the renewable energy field. h #12;Solar Crowdsourcing: A New association. Say the first word that comes to mind when you read the words "solar

Edwards, Paul N.

243

INTERACTION OF A SOLAR SPACE HEATING SYSTEM WITH THE THERMAL BEHAVIOR OF A BUILDING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

determine the building response to the solar heating system.on building comfort of an active solar heating system wherethe building response to a typical h"ydronic solar heating

Vilmer, Christian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Assessment of Solar Energy Potential on Existing Buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary goal of this research project discussed in this report is to assess the solar energy potential incident on Oahu's existing building rooftops. This assessment will provide reliable building-integrated and building-applied solar energy opportunities data for the Hawaiian Electric Company INC (HECO), its district, and the University of Hawaii. The first phase of the project (Phase I), is to provide the opportunity to develop and test the research protocols and establish the procedural methods th...

2004-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

245

NIST BUILDING SCIENCE SERIES 180 Database-Assisted Design for Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

framework for analysis and design of buildings for wind loads that makes direct use of pressure timeNIST BUILDING SCIENCE SERIES 180 Database-Assisted Design for Wind: Concepts, Software Database-Assisted Design for Wind: Concepts, Software, and Examples for Rigid and Flexible Buildings Joseph

Magee, Joseph W.

246

Building Energy Software Tools Directory : Solar Tool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Country Related Links Solar Tool Back to Tool Screenshot for Solar Tool. Screenshot for Solar Tool. Contacts | Web Site Policies | U.S. Department of Energy | USA.gov Content...

247

MODELING PASSIVE SOLAR BUILDINGS WITH HAND CALCULATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

time of day for a passive solar house under four differentresponse function for a passive solar house would begin toB(w)/A(w). A good passive solar house w i l l have B/A large

Goldstein, David B.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

EERE Roofus' Solar and Efficient Home: Build a Pizza Box Solar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Activities Pizza Box Solar Oven Sundial Word Game Coloring Page Printable Version Build a Pizza Box Solar Oven Illustration of a pizza box. The sun is hot enough to bake food....

249

COLLISIONLESS DAMPING AT ELECTRON SCALES IN SOLAR WIND TURBULENCE  

SciTech Connect

The dissipation of turbulence in the weakly collisional solar wind plasma is governed by unknown kinetic mechanisms. Two candidates have been suggested to play an important role in the dissipation, collisionless damping via wave-particle interactions and dissipation in small-scale current sheets. High resolution spacecraft measurements of the turbulent magnetic energy spectrum provide important constraints on the dissipation mechanism. The limitations of popular fluid and hybrid numerical schemes for simulation of the dissipation of solar wind turbulence are discussed, and instead a three-dimensional kinetic approach is recommended. We present a three-dimensional nonlinear gyrokinetic simulation of solar wind turbulence at electron scales that quantitatively reproduces the exponential form of the turbulent magnetic energy spectrum measured in the solar wind. A weakened cascade model that accounts for nonlocal interactions and collisionless Landau damping also quantitatively agrees with the observed exponential form. These results establish that a turbulent cascade of kinetic Alfven waves that is terminated by collisionless Landau damping is sufficient to explain the observed magnetic energy spectrum in the dissipation range of solar wind turbulence.

TenBarge, J. M.; Howes, G. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 (United States); Dorland, W., E-mail: jason-tenbarge@uiowa.edu [Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MA 20742-3511 (United States)

2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

250

THE TURBULENT CASCADE AND PROTON HEATING IN THE SOLAR WIND DURING SOLAR MINIMUM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recently protracted solar minimum provided years of interplanetary data that were largely absent in any association with observed large-scale transient behavior on the Sun. With large-scale shear at 1 AU generally isolated to corotating interaction regions, it is reasonable to ask whether the solar wind is significantly turbulent at this time. We perform a series of third-moment analyses using data from the Advanced Composition Explorer. We show that the solar wind at 1 AU is just as turbulent as at any other time in the solar cycle. Specifically, the turbulent cascade of energy scales in the same manner proportional to the product of wind speed and temperature. Energy cascade rates during solar minimum average a factor of 2-4 higher than during solar maximum, but we contend that this is likely the result of having a different admixture of high-latitude sources.

Coburn, Jesse T.; Smith, Charles W.; Vasquez, Bernard J. [Physics Department and Space Science Center, Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States); Stawarz, Joshua E. [Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CA (United States); Forman, Miriam A., E-mail: jtu46@wildcats.unh.edu, E-mail: Charles.Smith@unh.edu, E-mail: Bernie.Vasquez@unh.edu, E-mail: Joshua.Stawarz@Colorado.edu, E-mail: Miriam.Forman@sunysb.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance-Part I: Analysis of roofing product databases Title Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance-Part I: Analysis of roofing product databases Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Sleiman, Mohamad, George Ban-Weiss, Haley E. Gilbert, David François, Paul Berdahl, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Hugo Destaillats, and Ronnen M. Levinson Journal Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells Volume 95 Pagination 3385-3399 Date Published 10/2011 ISSN 0927-0248 Keywords Advanced Surfaces, building technology and urban systems department, Heat Island, Heat Island Group URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2011.08.002 DOI 10.1016/j.solmat.2011.08.002

252

Economic analysis of wind-powered farmhouse and farm building heating systems. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The study evaluated the break-even values of wind energy for selected farmhouses and farm buildings focusing on the effects of thermal storage on the use of WECS production and value. Farmhouse structural models include three types derived from a national survey - an older, a more modern, and a passive solar structure. The eight farm building applications that were analyzed include: poultry-layers, poultry-brooding/layers, poultry-broilers, poultry-turkeys, swine-farrowing, swine-growing/finishing, dairy, and lambing. These farm buildings represent the spectrum of animal types, heating energy use, and major contributions to national agricultural economic values. All energy analyses were based on hour-by-hour computations which allowed for growth of animals, sensible and latent heat production, and ventilation requirements. Hourly or three-hourly weather data obtained from the National Climatic Center was used for the nine chosen analysis sites, located throughout the United States and corresponding to regional agricultural production centers.

Stafford, R.W.; Greeb, F.J.; Smith, M.F.; Des Chenes, C.; Weaver, N.L.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Origins of the slow and the ubiquitous fast solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present in this Letter the first coordinated radio occultation measurements and ultraviolet observations of the inner corona below 5.5 Rs, obtained during the Galileo solar conjunction in January 1997, to establish the origin of the slow solar wind. Limits on the flow speed are derived from the Doppler dimming of the resonantly scattered componentof the oxygen 1032 A and 1037 A lines as measured with the UltraViolet Coronagraph Spectrometer (UVCS) on the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). White light images of the corona from the Large Angle Spectroscopic Coronagraph (LASCO) on SOHO taken simultaneously are used to place the Doppler radio scintillation and ultraviolet measurements in the context ofcoronal structures. These combined observations provide the first direct confirmation of the view recently proposed by Woo and Martin (1997) that the slow solar wind is associated with the axes, also known as stalks, of streamers. Furthermore, the ultraviolet observations also show how the fast solar wind is ubiquitous in the inner corona, and that a velocity shear between the fast and slow solar wind develops along the streamer stalks.

S. R. Habbal; R. Woo; S. Fineschi; R. O'Neal; J. Kohl; G. Noci; C. Korendyke

1997-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

254

Generalized similarity in finite range solar wind magnetohydrodynamic turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extended or generalized similarity is a ubiquitous but not well understood feature of turbulence that is realized over a finite range of scales. ULYSSES spacecraft solar polar passes at solar minimum provide \\textit{in situ} observations of evolving anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence in the solar wind under ideal conditions of fast quiet flow. We find a single generalized scaling function characterises this finite range turbulence and is insensitive to plasma conditions. The recent unusually inactive solar minimum -with turbulent fluctuations down by a factor of $\\sim 2$ in power- provides a test of this invariance.

Chapman, S C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Transient phenomena in the solar atmosphere and solar wind  

SciTech Connect

Observations of transient disturbances in the solar atmosphere are reviewed with emphasis on coronal mass ejection events. (JFP)

Gosling, J.T.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

SOLERAS - Solar buildings. Proceedings of the fifth SOLERAS workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proceedings of the 1984 SOLERAS Solar Buildings Workshop are presented. The objective of the workshop was to exchange ideas regarding the applications of active and passive solar systems in the design and construction of commercial, industrial, and residential buildings. The emphasis was on the design, field performance, and cost of these systems. Internationally recognized experts presented papers on technology development and applications related to the integration of active and passive solar concepts in the design and construction of buildings. Each paper has been separately indexed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

Williamson, J.S.; Khoshaim, B.H.; Mallory, R.; Meiners, A. (eds.)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Temporal Evolution of the Solar-Wind Electron Core Density at Solar Minimum by Correlating SWEA Measurements from STEREO A and B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as input in solar-wind models for the quiet Sun, as long asre?ects solar wind emerged just from half of the Sun. One-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Solar and Wind Energy Credit (Personal) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Personal) Personal) Solar and Wind Energy Credit (Personal) < Back Eligibility Commercial Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate Varies by technology and property type (see summary for details) Program Info Start Date 7/1/2009 State Hawaii Program Type Personal Tax Credit Rebate Amount Solar Thermal and PV: 35%; Wind: 20% Provider Hawaii Department of Taxation Note: The Hawaii Department of Taxation issued temporary administrative rules in November 2012 for photovoltaic systems installed on or after January 1, 2013. A formal rulemaking is underway. See "[http://www6.hawaii.gov/tax/tir/tir12-01.pdf Tax Information Release

259

Understanding of solar wind structure might be wrong  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar wind structure misunderstood Solar wind structure misunderstood Understanding of solar wind structure might be wrong The plasma particles flowing from the Sun and blasting past the Earth might be configured more as a network of tubes than a river-like stream. September 7, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

260

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) (Redirected from SWERA) Jump to: navigation, search SWERA logo.png Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Interactive Web PortalPowered by OpenEI Getting Started Data Sets Analysis Tools About SWERA Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Partner: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Risoe National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Brazil's National Institute for Space Research (INPE), State University of New York (SUNY), Technical University of Denmark (DTU), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Solar and Wind Energy Credit (Corporate) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Corporate) Corporate) Solar and Wind Energy Credit (Corporate) < Back Eligibility Commercial Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate Varies by technology and property type (see summary for details) Program Info Start Date 7/1/2009 State Hawaii Program Type Corporate Tax Credit Rebate Amount Solar Thermal and PV: 35%; Wind: 20% Provider Hawaii Department of Taxation Note: The Hawaii Department of Taxation issued temporary administrative rules in November 2012 for photovoltaic systems installed on or after January 1, 2013. A formal rulemaking is underway. See "[http://www6.hawaii.gov/tax/tir/tir12-01.pdf Tax Information Release

262

Global Atlas for Solar and Wind Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Global Atlas for Solar and Wind Energy Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Global Atlas for Solar and Wind Energy Agency/Company /Organization: International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy References: IRENA - Global Atlas[1] Overview "The Global Atlas for Solar and Wind Energy project aims to create a collaborative internet-based Geographic Information System (GIS) of these renewable resources that can direct and enhance cooperation on global scenarios and strategies and support decision-making, especially in areas

263

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Western Wind and Solar Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 Preprint D. Lew, G. Brinkman, E. Ibanez, and B.-M. Hodge National Renewable Energy Laboratory J. King RePPAE To be presented at the 11th Annual International Workshop on Large-Scale Integration of Wind Power into Power Systems as Well as on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Power Plants Conference Lisbon, Portugal November 13-15, 2012 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5500-56217 September 2012 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of

264

New Battery Design Could Help Solar and Wind Power the Grid ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home New Battery Design Could Help Solar and Wind Power the Grid New Battery Design Could Help Solar...

265

The turbulent cascade and proton heating in the solar wind during solar minimum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solar wind measurements at 1 AU during the recent solar minimum and previous studies of solar maximum provide an opportunity to study the effects of the changing solar cycle on in situ heating. Our interest is to compare the levels of activity associated with turbulence and proton heating. Large-scale shears in the flow caused by transient activity are a source that drives turbulence that heats the solar wind, but as the solar cycle progresses the dynamics that drive the turbulence and heat the medium are likely to change. The application of third-moment theory to Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) data gives the turbulent energy cascade rate which is not seen to vary with the solar cycle. Likewise, an empirical heating rate shows no significan changes in proton heating over the cycle.

Coburn, Jesse T.; Smith, Charles W.; Vasquez, Bernard J. [Physics Department and Space Science Center, Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire (United States); Stawarz, Joshua E. [Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado (United States); Forman, Miriam A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York (United States)

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

266

Modeling and Analysis of Solar Radiation Potentials on Building Rooftops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The active application of photovoltaic for electricity generation could effectively transform neighborhoods and commercial districts into small, localized power plants. This application, however, relies heavily on an accurate estimation of the amount of solar radiation that is available on individual building rooftops. While many solar energy maps exist at higher spatial resolution for concentrated solar energy applications, the data from these maps are not suitable for roof-mounted photovoltaic for several reasons, including lack of data at the appropriate spatial resolution and lack of integration of building-specific characteristics into the models used to generate the maps. To address this problem, we have developed a modeling framework for estimating solar radiation potentials on individual building rooftops that is suitable for utility-scale applications as well as building-specific applications. The framework uses light detection and ranging (LIDAR) data at approximately 1-meter horizontal resolution and 0.3-meter vertical resolution as input for modeling a large number of buildings quickly. One of the strengths of this framework is the ability to parallelize its implementation. Furthermore, the framework accounts for building specific characteristics, such as roof slope, roof aspect, and shadowing effects, that are critical to roof-mounted photovoltaic systems. The resulting data has helped us to identify the so-called solar panel sweet spots on individual building rooftops and obtain accurate statistics of the variation in solar radiation as a function of time of year and geographical location.

Omitaomu, Olufemi A [ORNL; Kodysh, Jeffrey B [ORNL; Bhaduri, Budhendra L [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Heat storage and distribution inside passive-solar buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Passive-solar buildings are investigated from the viewpoint of the storage of solar heat in materials of the building: walls, floors, ceilings, and furniture. The effects of the location, material, thickness, and orientation of each internal building surface are investigated. The concept of diurnal heat capacity is introduced and a method of using this parameter to estimate clear-day temperature swings is developed. Convective coupling to remote rooms within a building is discussed, including both convection through single doorways and convective loops that may exist involving a sunspace. Design guidelines are given.

Balcomb, J.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

History of solar wind and space plasma physics revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A paper published by Scottish geophysicist J.A. Broun in 1858 contained several pioneering and remarkable ideas in solar-terrestrial physics. He could anticipate more or less correctly the nature and origin of solar wind, solar magnetic fields, sunspot activity and geomagnetic storms in the middle of the 19th century. Broun applied the experimental results of the behavior of ionized gases in discharge tubes for the first time to Space Physics which may be considered as the beginning of the astrophysical plasma physics. In this context he attempted to explain the plasma interactions of solar wind with the comet tails and earth's magnetosphere. Most of the postulates or hypotheses put forward by Broun in 1858 and later in 1874 was rediscovered during the 20th century, after the advent of Space age.

Girish, T E; Eapen, P E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

U.S. Virgin Islands- Solar and Wind Easements & Rights Laws  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In the U.S. Virgin Islands, the owner of a solar or wind-energy system is permitted to negotiate for assurance of continued access to the systems energy source. "Solar or wind-energy system" is...

270

How do Wind and Solar Power Affect Grid Operations: The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study; Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

17 17 September 2009 How do Wind and Solar Power Affect Grid Operations: The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Preprint D. Lew and M. Milligan National Renewable Energy Laboratory G. Jordan, L. Freeman, N. Miller, K. Clark, and R. Piwko GE To be presented at the 8th International Workshop on Large Scale Integration of Wind Power and on Transmission Networks for Offshore Wind Farms Bremen, Germany October 14-15, 2009 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (ASE), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and ASE retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

271

An investigation of wind loads on solar collectors. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A wind-tunnel study of a series of model solar-collector installations (flat-plate collectors) immersed in a thick turbulent shear layer was undertaken in order to determine design wind loads on such installations. Wind tunnel measurements were made of the mean and fluctuating pressures on a model of a single flat-plate collector which was a component of different multi-panel installations. The pressures were spatially integrated over the top and bottom surface of the single collector separately.

Tieleman, H.W.; Akins, R.E.; Sparks, P.R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

EERE Roofus' Solar and Efficient Home: Build a Sundial  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Activities Pizza Box Solar Oven Sundial Word Game Coloring Page Printable Version Build a Sundial Illustration of a sundial, which is a round disk with a triangular piece that...

273

City of Grand Rapids Building Solar Roof Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

Grand Rapids, Michigan is striving to reduce it environmental footprint. The municipal government organization has established environmental sustainability policies with the goal of securing 100% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020. This report describes the process by which the City of Grand Rapids evaluated, selected and installed solar panels on the Water/Environmental Services Building. The solar panels are the first to be placed on a municipal building. Its new power monitoring system provides output data to assess energy efficiency and utilization. It is expected to generate enough clean solar energy to power 25 percent of the building. The benefit to the public includes the economic savings from reduced operational costs for the building; an improved environmentally sustainable area in which to live and work; and increased knowledge about the use of solar energy. It will serve as a model for future energy saving applications.

DeClercq, Mark; Martinez, Imelda

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

274

Rhode Island to Build First Offshore Wind Farm | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rhode Island to Build First Offshore Wind Farm Rhode Island to Build First Offshore Wind Farm Rhode Island to Build First Offshore Wind Farm March 15, 2010 - 6:38pm Addthis Rhode Island’s first offshore wind farm will be built in Block Island. | File photo Rhode Island's first offshore wind farm will be built in Block Island. | File photo Block Island, a small town with only 1,000 full-time, residents, is the site for a big project, when it will become home to Rhode Island's first offshore wind farm. Powerful ocean winds lie right off Block Island's south shore. That's the benefit of offshore wind farms - they can take advantage of the harder, stronger winds found a few miles off the coast Deepwater Wind LLC is leading the effort with plans to construct up to eight wind turbines three miles off of Block Island's shore.

275

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin September 30, 2013 - 10:45am Addthis Day 7 Construction 1 of 22 Day 7 Construction During the 7th day of construction, the Solar Decathlon village has started to take shape. The houses open to the public on October 3, 2013 at 11 am. Image: Stefano Paltera, Energy Department Day 7 Construction 2 of 22 Day 7 Construction The University of North Carolina at Charlotte team members assemble their Solar Decathlon entry. Image: Eric Grigorian, Energy Department Day 7 Construction 3 of 22 Day 7 Construction Kevin Davis, of West Virginia University, fills his house's water tank while team members discuss a potential problem. Water was delivered to all team houses today. Image: Amy Vaughn, Energy Department

276

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin September 30, 2013 - 10:45am Addthis Day 7 Construction 1 of 22 Day 7 Construction During the 7th day of construction, the Solar Decathlon village has started to take shape. The houses open to the public on October 3, 2013 at 11 am. Image: Stefano Paltera, Energy Department Day 7 Construction 2 of 22 Day 7 Construction The University of North Carolina at Charlotte team members assemble their Solar Decathlon entry. Image: Eric Grigorian, Energy Department Day 7 Construction 3 of 22 Day 7 Construction Kevin Davis, of West Virginia University, fills his house's water tank while team members discuss a potential problem. Water was delivered to all team houses today. Image: Amy Vaughn, Energy Department

277

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Solar Rater  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Rater Solar Rater Solar Rater logo Solar Rater app for Android devices makes it easy to determine the solar energy potential for any location on Earth, and calculates the appropriate size for a photovoltaic (PV) system at that location. Key features include: Automatic location detection with GPS, Wi-Fi, or cell tower identification Automatic orientation detection measures the azimuth and pitch of solar panels Automatic magnetic declination conversion gives azimuth based on true north Automatic solar radiation determination based on location and orientation (model result) Outputs the appropriate size of a PV system in DC Watts Data can also be entered manually for offsite use Great teaching tool for novices Accurate results for solar energy professionals Outputs environmental benefits (e.g., greenhouse gas emissions,

278

Mean wind forces on parabolic-trough solar collectors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to investigate characteristics of mean wind loads produced by airflow in and around several configurations of parabolic trough solar collectors with and without a wind fence. Four basic parabolic shapes were investigated as single units and one shape was studied as part of several array fields. One 1:25 scale model of each parabolic shape was constructed for mounting on a force balance to measure two forces and three moments. The effects of several dominant variables were investigated in this study: wind-azimuth (or yaw), trough elevation (or pitch) angle, array field configuration, and protective wind fence characteristics. All measurements were made in a boundary-layer flow developed by the meteorological wind tunnel at the Fluid Dynamics and Diffusion Laboratory of Colorado State University. Results are presented and discussed. (WHK)

Peterka, J.A.; Sinau, J.M.; Cermak, J.E.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Current NIST Research: Building Energy Efficiency Solar ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Characterize solar cells & modules => improve module ratings and computer models Page 16. ... PV accelerated weathering facility. ... usage, weather ...

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

280

Thermal Solar Energy Systems for Space Heating of Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, the simulation and the analysis of a solar flat plate collectors combined with a compression heat pump is carried out. The system suggested must ensure the heating of a building without the recourse to an auxiliary energy source in complement of this heating system. The system is used to heat a building using heating floor. The building considered is located in Constantine-East of Algeria (Latitude 36.28 N, Longitude 6.62 E, Altitude 689m). For the calculation, the month of February was chosen, which is considered as the coldest month according to the weather data of Constantine. The performances of this system were compared to the performances of the traditional solar heating system using solar collectors and an auxiliary heating load to compensate the deficit. In this case a traditional solar heating system having the same characteristics with regard to the solar collecting area and the volume of storage tank is used. It can be concluded that the space heating system using a solar energy combined with heat pump improve the thermal performance of the heat pump and the global system. The performances of the heating system combining heat pump and solar collectors are higher than that of solar heating system with solar collectors and storage tank. The heat pump assisted by solar energy can contribute to the conservation of conventional energy and can be competitive with the traditional systems of heating.

Gomri, R.; Boulkamh, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Grand Traverse Band Renewable Energy Feasibility Study in Wind, Biomass and Solar  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Renewable Energy Feasibility Study for wind, biomass, solar on the Grand Traverse Band tribal lands from 2005 - 2008

Suzanne McSawby, Project Director

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

282

Enabling Technologies for High Penetration of Wind and Solar Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High penetration of variable wind and solar electricity generation will require modifications to the electric power system. This work examines the impacts of variable generation, including uncertainty, ramp rate, ramp range, and potentially excess generation. Time-series simulations were performed in the Texas (ERCOT) grid where different mixes of wind, solar photovoltaic and concentrating solar power provide up to 80% of the electric demand. Different enabling technologies were examined, including conventional generator flexibility, demand response, load shifting, and energy storage. A variety of combinations of these technologies enabled low levels of surplus or curtailed wind and solar generation depending on the desired penetration of renewable sources. At lower levels of penetration (up to about 30% on an energy basis) increasing flexible generation, combined with demand response may be sufficient to accommodate variability and uncertainty. Introduction of load-shifting through real-time pricing or other market mechanisms further increases the penetration of variable generation. The limited time coincidence of wind and solar generation presents increasing challenges as these sources provide greater than 50% of total demand. System flexibility must be increased to the point of virtually eliminating must-run baseload generators during periods of high wind and solar generation. Energy storage also becomes increasingly important as lower cost flexibility options are exhausted. The study examines three classes of energy storage - electricity storage, including batteries and pumped hydro, hybrid storage (compressed-air energy storage), and thermal energy storage. Ignoring long-distance transmission options, a combination of load shifting and storage equal to about 12 hours of average demand may keep renewable energy curtailment below 10% in the simulated system.

Denholm, P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

THE SOLAR WIND INTERACTION WITH UNMAGNETIZED PLANETS: A TUTORIAL J. G. Luhmann  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the atmosphere on the outside of this boundary are accelerated by the solar wind to energies well beyond ionospheric pressure nkT + 82/877" Ionospheric pressure nkT + 82/877" (~ energy deposited by solar windTHE SOLAR WIND INTERACTION WITH UNMAGNETIZED PLANETS: A TUTORIAL J. G. Luhmann Institute

California at Berkeley, University of

284

Solar Wind and Interplanetary Magnetic Field: A Tutorial C. T. Russell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Wind and Interplanetary Magnetic Field: A Tutorial C. T. Russell Institute of Geophysics at the center of the sun to its radiation into space by the photosphere, but most importantly for the solar wind controls the properties of the solar wind. In this tutorial review we examine the properties of the fields

Russell, Christopher T.

285

innovati nNREL Confirms Large Potential for Grid Integration of Wind, Solar Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

innovati nNREL Confirms Large Potential for Grid Integration of Wind, Solar Power To fully harvest the nation's bountiful wind and solar resources, it is critical to know how much electrical power from at adding enough wind and solar power capacity to the grid to produce 35% of the WestConnect's electricity

286

The genesis solar-wind sample return mission  

SciTech Connect

The compositions of the Earth's crust and mantle, and those of the Moon and Mars, are relatively well known both isotopically and elementally. The same is true of our knowledge of the asteroid belt composition, based on meteorite analyses. Remote measurements of Venus, the Jovian atmosphere, and the outer planet moons, have provided some estimates of their compositions. The Sun constitutes a large majority, > 99%, of all the matter in the solar system. The elemental composition of the photosphere, the visible 'surface' of the Sun, is constrained by absorption lines produced by particles above the surface. Abundances for many elements are reported to the {+-}10 or 20% accuracy level. However, the abundances of other important elements, such as neon, cannot be determined in this way due to a relative lack of atomic states at low excitation energies. Additionally and most importantly, the isotopic composition of the Sun cannot be determined astronomically except for a few species which form molecules above sunspots, and estimates derived from these sources lack the accuracy desired for comparison with meteoritic and planetary surface samples measured on the Earth. The solar wind spreads a sample of solar particles throughout the heliosphere, though the sample is very rarified: collecting a nanogram of oxygen, the third most abundant element, in a square centimeter cross section at the Earth's distance from the Sun takes five years. Nevertheless, foil collectors exposed to the solar wind for periods of hours on the surface of the Moon during the Apollo missions were used to determine the helium and neon solar-wind compositions sufficiently to show that the Earth's atmospheric neon was significantly evolved relative to the Sun. Spacecraft instruments developed subsequently have provided many insights into the composition of the solar wind, mostly in terms of elemental composition. These instruments have the advantage of observing a number of parameters simultaneously, including charge state distributions, velocities, and densities, all of which have been instrumental in characterizing the nature of the solar wind. However, these instruments have lacked the ability to make large dynamic range measurements of adjacent isotopes (i.e., {sup 17}O/{sup 16}O {approx} 2500) or provide the permil (tenths of percent) accuracy desirable for comparison with geochemical isotopic measurements. An accurate knowledge of the solar and solar-wind compositions helps to answer important questions across a number of disciplines. It aids in understanding the acceleration mechanisms of the solar wind, gives an improved picture of the charged particle environment near the photosphere, it constrains processes within the Sun over its history, and it provides a database by which to compare differences among planetary systems with the solar system's starting composition, providing key information on planetary evolution. For example, precise knowledge of solar isotopic and elemental compositions of volatile species in the Sun provides a baseline for models of atmospheric evolution over time for Earth, Venus, and Mars. Additionally, volatile and chemically active elements such as C, H, O, N, and S can tell us about processes active during the evolution of the solar nebula. A classic example of this is the oxygen isotope system. In the 1970s it was determined that the oxygen isotopic ratio in refractory inclusions in primitive meteorites was enriched {approx}4% in {sup 16}O relative to the average terrestrial, lunar, and thermally processed meteorite materials. In addition, all processed solar-system materials appeared to each have a unique oxygen isotopic composition (except the Moon and Earth, which are thought to be formed from the same materials), though differences are in the fraction of a percent range, much smaller than the refractory material {sup 16}O enrichment. Several theories were developed over the years to account for the oxygen isotope heterogeneity, each theory predicting a different solar isotopic composition and each invoking a differ

Wiens, Roger C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Building codes as barriers to solar heating and cooling of buildings  

SciTech Connect

The application of building codes to solar energy systems for heating and cooling of buildings is discussed, using as typical codes the three model building codes most widely adopted by states and localities. Some potential barriers to solar energy systems are found, federal and state programs to deal with these barriers are discussed, and alternatives are suggested. To remedy this, a federal program is needed to encourage state adoption of standards and acceptance of certification of solar systems for code approval, and to encourage revisions to codes based on model legislation prepared for the federal government by the model codes groups.

Meeker, F.O. III

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Hydro, Solar, Wind The Future of Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydro, Solar, Wind The Future of Renewable Energy Joseph Flocco David Lath Department of Electrical. Hydropower Water has grown in previous years to become the most widely used form of renewable energy across years to come from Hydropower. It is considered to be a renewable energy source because it uses

Lavaei, Javad

289

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SOLAR-2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Audience Architects, students of architecture, building managers, knowledgeable homeowners. Input Window, overhangs, and fins geometry. Output Graphic plots, tables. Computer...

290

Assessment of existing studies of wind loading on solar collectors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In developing solar collectors, wind loading is the major structural design consideration. Wind loading investigations have focused on establishing safe bounds for steady state loading and verifying rational but initial and conservative design approaches for the various solar collector concepts. As such, the effort has been very successful, and has contributed greatly to both the recognition and qualitative understanding of many of the physical phenomena involved. Loading coefficients corresponding to mean wind velocities have been derived in these prior studies to measure the expected structural loading on the various solar collectors. Current design and testing procedures for wind loading are discussed. The test results corresponding to numerous wind tests on heliostats, parabolic troughs, parabolic dishes, and field mounted photovoltaic arrays are discussed and the applicability of the findings across the various technologies is assessed. One of the most significant consistencies in the data from all the technologies is the apparent benefit provided by fences and field shielding. Taken in toto, these data show that load reductions of three or possibly more seem feasible, though a more thorough understanding of the phenomena involved must be attained before this benefit can be realized. It is recommended that the required understanding be developed to take advantage of this benefit and that field tests be conducted to correlate with both analyses and tests.

Murphy, L. M.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

THREE-DIMENSIONAL EVOLUTION OF SOLAR WIND DURING SOLAR CYCLES 22-24  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an analysis of three-dimensional evolution of solar wind density turbulence and speed at various levels of solar activity between solar cycles 22 and 24. The solar wind data used in this study have been obtained from the interplanetary scintillation (IPS) measurements made at the Ooty Radio Telescope, operating at 327 MHz. Results show that (1) on average, there was a downward trend in density turbulence from the maximum of cycle 22 to the deep minimum phase of cycle 23; (2) the scattering diameter of the corona around the Sun shrunk steadily toward the Sun, starting from 2003 to the smallest size at the deepest minimum, and it corresponded to a reduction of {approx}50% in the density turbulence between the maximum and minimum phases of cycle 23; (3) the latitudinal distribution of the solar wind speed was significantly different between the minima of cycles 22 and 23. At the minimum phase of solar cycle 22, when the underlying solar magnetic field was simple and nearly dipole in nature, the high-speed streams were observed from the poles to {approx}30 Degree-Sign latitudes in both hemispheres. In contrast, in the long-decay phase of cycle 23, the sources of the high-speed wind at both poles, in accordance with the weak polar fields, occupied narrow latitude belts from poles to {approx}60 Degree-Sign latitudes. Moreover, in agreement with the large amplitude of the heliospheric current sheet, the low-speed wind prevailed in the low- and mid-latitude regions of the heliosphere. (4) At the transition phase between cycles 23 and 24, the high levels of density and density turbulence were observed close to the heliospheric equator and the low-speed solar wind extended from the equatorial-to-mid-latitude regions. The above results in comparison with Ulysses and other in situ measurements suggest that the source of the solar wind has changed globally, with the important implication that the supply of mass and energy from the Sun to the interplanetary space has been significantly reduced in the prolonged period of low solar activity. The IPS results are consistent with the onset and growth of the current solar cycle 24, starting from the middle of 2009. However, the width of the high-speed wind at the northern high latitudes has almost disappeared and indicates that the ascending phase of the current cycle has almost reached the maximum phase in the northern hemisphere of the Sun. However, in the southern part of the hemisphere, the solar activity has yet to develop and/or increase.

Manoharan, P. K., E-mail: mano@ncra.tifr.res.in [Radio Astronomy Centre, National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Udhagamandalam (Ooty) 643001 (India)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Simple procedure for schematic design of passive solar buildings  

SciTech Connect

A simple procedure for use during the schematic phase of passive solar building design is presented in this article. The procedure is quantitative and accurate enough to insure that designs based on the provided starting point values of the primary building parameters will be cost effective.

Wray, W.O.; Kosiewicz, C.E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Wind vs. Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Wind vs. Solar Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Wind vs. Solar Ener-Gee Whiz Answers Your Questions: Wind vs. Solar August 11, 2009 - 12:48pm Addthis Amy Foster Parish Costa writes: Do you think using wind is better than using solar to generate electricity? Ener-Gee Whiz: If you're considering installing a renewable energy system and are having a hard time deciding between the wind turbines and solar panels, you might find that the right renewable energy system for you depends on a number of factors. The first and most obvious consideration is the wind or solar resource in your area. While there is a tendency to think that the wind always blows and the sun always shines no matter where you're located, wind and solar resources are actually quite variable across the United States.

294

U.S. Virgin Islands - Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Virgin Islands - Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws U.S. Virgin Islands - Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws U.S. Virgin Islands - Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Program Info Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy In the U.S. Virgin Islands, the owner of a solar or wind-energy system is permitted to negotiate for assurance of continued access to the system's energy source. "Solar or wind-energy system" is defined as "any system that converts, stores, collects, protects or distributes the kinetic energy of the sun or wind into mechanical, chemical or electrical energy to provide

295

Power House Solar and Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Power House Solar and Wind Address 1504 Woodlawn Ave Place Canon City, Colorado Zip 81212 Sector Solar Product Design, consulting, product and system sales, and complete installation services Website http://www.powerhousesolar.net Coordinates 38.4526295°, -105.2273024° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.4526295,"lon":-105.2273024,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

296

The estimation of wind pressures at ventilation inlets and outlets on buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two example calculations illustrate the application of information provided in chapter 14 of the 1989 ASHRAE Fundamentals to the estimation of wind pressures at ventilation inlets and outlets on the exteriors of buildings. Wind pressures are calculated using the local estimated reference mean wind speeds at the building site and pressure coefficients selected from figures provided in Chapter 14 of the handbook. Calculations include estimation of wind speeds at building sites located significant distance from airport weather data recording stations in a variety of terrains using the power law mean wind speed profile equation. Wind frequency data are used to calculate the relative probability of occurrence of wind speed and direction events. Wind tunnel studies are recommended as the best source of wind pressure coefficients for applications where consequences of wind effects could be critical.

Aynsley, R.M (Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (US))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

City of Portland - Streamlined Building Permits for Residential...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon City of Portland - Streamlined Building Permits for Residential Solar Systems (Oregon) SolarWind Permitting Standards...

298

City of Madison - Solar and Wind Access and Planning Laws | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

City of Madison - Solar and Wind Access and Planning Laws City of Madison - Solar and Wind Access and Planning Laws City of Madison - Solar and Wind Access and Planning Laws < Back Eligibility Construction Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Provider City of Madison Madison, Wisconsin, has established several local laws to facilitate the planning and permitting of solar and wind systems. The planning guidelines are specific to solar, while the permitting laws and procedures include wind as well. '''Planning''' To facilitate solar access, Madison's land subdivision regulations require streets to be "oriented in an east-west direction to the maximum

299

Evaluating the performance of passive-solar-heated buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Methods of evaluating the thermal performance of passive-solar buildings are reviewed. Instrumentation and data logging requirements are outlined. Various methodologies that have been used to develop an energy balance for the building and various performance measures are discussed. Methods for quantifying comfort are described. Subsystem and other special-purpose monitoring are briefly reviewed. Summary results are given for 38 buildings that have been monitored.

Balcomb, J.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

SOME ANALYTIC MODELS OF PASSIVE SOLAR BUILDING PERFORMANCE: A THEORETICAL APPROACH TO THE DESIGN OF ENERGY-CONSERVING BUILDINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to response to weather-varying solar amplitude is delayed 1-expansion for the weather-varying solar gain function; wea simple passive solar building to idealized weather. Such a

Goldstein, David Baird

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Dust Detection by the Wave Instrument on STEREO: Nanoparticles Picked up by the Solar Wind?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bale, S.D. et al. : 2009, Solar Phys. this issue. Utterback,N. : 2007, Basics of the Solar Wind, Cambridge UniversitySolar Phys (2009) 256: 463474 DOI 10.1007/s11207-009-9349-2

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Tucson Public Building Solar Arrays Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The City of Tucson installed photovoltaic panels on parking structures at a library/police substation and developed a county-wide solar education program based in the public library system, including numerous new solar resources for the libraries and training for library staff.

Bruce Plenk

2002-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

303

City of Portland - Streamlined Building Permits for Residential Solar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Program Info State Oregon Program Type Green Building Incentive Provider City of Portland The City of Portland's Bureau of Development Services (BDS) developed an electronic permitting process for residential solar energy system installations. With this streamlined, expedited process, solar contractors can submit the project plans and permit application online for residential installations. In order to file the online application, the contractor must first be trained. The City of Portland has staff at the permitting desk trained as solar experts to assist solar contractors who need help filing their permits in person. This process has a turnaround time of approximately 2-3 business days for building permits.

304

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Solar Tool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Skip to Content U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Building Energy Software Tools Directory...

305

Application of solar technologies in buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the buildings energy research carried out at SERI is to provide the buildings industry with technological innovations in materials, components, and systems that enable them to reduce the usage and cost of energy. The scope of research includes eight technology areas, including advanced windows, storage material composites, advanced insulation, desiccant cooling, air management, building performance monitoring, building design guidelines, and active water heating. This paper outlines the benefits, the results to date, and the current research activities associated with these eight technology options. 16 refs., 6 figs.

Flowers, L.T.; Groff, G.C. (Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (USA); Marquardt Switches, Inc., Cazenovia, NY (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Uganda-Demonstrating Wind and Solar Energy on Lake Victoria | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Uganda-Demonstrating Wind and Solar Energy on Lake Victoria Uganda-Demonstrating Wind and Solar Energy on Lake Victoria Jump to: navigation, search Name Uganda-Demonstrating Wind and Solar Energy on Lake Victoria Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://sgp.undp.org/download/S Country Uganda UN Region Eastern Africa References Uganda-Demonstrating Wind and Solar Energy on Lake Victoria[1] Uganda-Demonstrating Wind and Solar Energy on Lake Victoria Screenshot Background "This project demonstrates the use of wind and solar energy sources to recharge batteries and meet lighting and other power needs within homes.A

307

Solar wind iron abundance variations at solar wind speeds > 600 km s/sup -1/, 1972 to 1976  

SciTech Connect

We have analyzed the Fe/H ratios in the peaks of high speed streams (HSS) during the decline of Solar Cycle 20 and the following minimum (October 1972 to December 1976). We utilized the response of the 50 to 200 keV ion channel of the APL/JHU energetic particle experiment (EPE) onIMP-7 and 8 to solar wind iron ions at high solar wind speeds (V greater than or equal to 600 km sec/sup -1/), and compared our Fe measurements with solar wind H and He parameters from the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) instruments on the same spacecraft. In general, the Fe distribution parameters (bulk velocity, flow direction, temperature) are found to be similar to the LANL He parameters. Although the average Fe/H ration in many steady HSS peaks agrees within observational uncertainties with the nominal coronal ratio of 4.7 x 10/sup -5/, abundance variations of a factor of up to 6 are obtained across a given coronal-hole associated HSS. There are, as well, factor of 2 variations between stream-averaged abundances for recurent HSS emanating from different coronal holes occurring on the sun on the same solar rotation. flare-related solar wind streams sometimes show Fe/H ratios enhanced by factors of 4 to 5 over coronal-hole associated, quite time streams. Over the period 1973 to 1976, a steady decrease in the average quitetime Fe/H ratio by a ractor approx. 4 is measured on both IMP-7 and 8.

Mitchell, D.G.; Roelof, E.C.; Bame, S.J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Third Sun Solar and Wind Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sun Solar and Wind Power Sun Solar and Wind Power Jump to: navigation, search Name Third Sun Solar and Wind Power Address 340 West State St. Unit 25 Place Athens, Ohio Zip 45701 Sector Solar Product Consulting; Energy provider: power production; Engineering/architectural/design;Installation;Investment/finances;Maintenance and repair; Retail product sales and distribution Phone number 740-597-3111 Website http://www.third-sun.com Coordinates 39.3344136°, -82.1150887° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.3344136,"lon":-82.1150887,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

309

The Spectroscopic Footprint of the Fast Solar Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze a large, complex equatorial coronal hole (ECH) and its immediate surroundings with a focus on the roots of the fast solar wind. We start by demonstrating that our ECH is indeed a source of the fast solar wind at 1AU by examining in situ plasma measurements in conjunction with recently developed measures of magnetic conditions of the photosphere, inner heliosphere and the mapping of the solar wind source region. We focus the bulk of our analysis on interpreting the thermal and spatial dependence of the non-thermal line widths in the ECH as measured by SOHO/SUMER by placing the measurements in context with recent studies of ubiquitous Alfven waves in the solar atmosphere and line profile asymmetries (indicative of episodic heating and mass loading of the coronal plasma) that originate in the strong, unipolar magnetic flux concentrations that comprise the supergranular network. The results presented in this paper are consistent with a picture where a significant portion of the energy responsible for t...

McIntosh, Scott W; De Pontieu, Bart

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study: Hydropower Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) study of 20% Wind Energy by 2030 was conducted to consider the benefits, challenges, and costs associated with sourcing 20% of U.S. energy consumption from wind power by 2030. This study found that with proactive measures, no insurmountable barriers were identified to meet the 20% goal. Following this study, DOE and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducted two more studies: the Eastern Wind Integration and Transmission Study (EWITS) covering the eastern portion of the U.S., and the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) covering the western portion of the United States. The WWSIS was conducted by NREL and research partner General Electric (GE) in order to provide insight into the costs, technical or physical barriers, and operational impacts caused by the variability and uncertainty of wind, photovoltaic, and concentrated solar power when employed to serve up to 35% of the load energy in the WestConnect region (Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Wyoming). WestConnect is composed of several utility companies working collaboratively to assess stakeholder and market needs to and develop cost-effective improvements to the western wholesale electricity market. Participants include the Arizona Public Service, El Paso Electric Company, NV Energy, Public Service of New Mexico, Salt River Project, Tri-State Generation and Transmission Cooperative, Tucson Electric Power, Xcel Energy and the Western Area Power Administration.

Acker, T.; Pete, C.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

A MODEL FOR THE SOURCES OF THE SLOW SOLAR WIND  

SciTech Connect

Models for the origin of the slow solar wind must account for two seemingly contradictory observations: the slow wind has the composition of the closed-field corona, implying that it originates from the continuous opening and closing of flux at the boundary between open and closed field. On the other hand, the slow wind also has large angular width, up to {approx}60{sup 0}, suggesting that its source extends far from the open-closed boundary. We propose a model that can explain both observations. The key idea is that the source of the slow wind at the Sun is a network of narrow (possibly singular) open-field corridors that map to a web of separatrices and quasi-separatrix layers in the heliosphere. We compute analytically the topology of an open-field corridor and show that it produces a quasi-separatrix layer in the heliosphere that extends to angles far from the heliospheric current sheet. We then use an MHD code and MDI/SOHO observations of the photospheric magnetic field to calculate numerically, with high spatial resolution, the quasi-steady solar wind, and magnetic field for a time period preceding the 2008 August 1 total solar eclipse. Our numerical results imply that, at least for this time period, a web of separatrices (which we term an S-web) forms with sufficient density and extent in the heliosphere to account for the observed properties of the slow wind. We discuss the implications of our S-web model for the structure and dynamics of the corona and heliosphere and propose further tests of the model.

Antiochos, S. K. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Mikic, Z.; Titov, V. S.; Lionello, R.; Linker, J. A., E-mail: spiro.antiochos@nasa.gov [Predictive Science, Inc., 9990 Mesa Rim Road, Suite 170, San Diego, CA 92121 (United States)

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

312

How The Solar Wind Ties To Its Photospheric Origins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new method of visualizing the solar photospheric magnetic field based on the "Magnetic Range of Influence" (MRoI). The MRoI is a simple realization of the magnetic environment in the photosphere, reflecting the distance required to balance the integrated magnetic field contained in any magnetogram pixel. It provides a new perspective on where sub-terrestrial field lines in a Potential Field Source Surface (PFSS) model connect to the photosphere, and thus the source of Earth-directed solar wind (within the limitations of PFSS models), something that is not usually obvious from a regular synoptic magnetogram. In each of three sample solar rotations, at different phases of the solar cycle, the PFSS footpoint either jumps between isolated areas of high MRoI or moves slowly within one such area. Footpoint motions are consistent with Fisk's interchange reconnection model.

Leamon, Robert J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Building and using the solar greenhouse  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thorough directions are given for planning, constructing and using a solar greenhouse attached to a house. Included is a method of calculating the savings accruing from the use of the greenhouse. (LEW)

Not Available

314

Dynamic characteristics and wind-induced responses of a super tall building.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis describes a combined experimental and numerical investigation of wind effects on a super tall building, Di Wang Tower (325m high with 79 floors) (more)

Liu, Pengfei (???)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Designing passive solar buildings to reduce temperature swings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Control of temperature swings is a major consideration in design of passive solar heated buildings - especially so as the designer seeks to achieve most of the building heat from the sun. Observations of temperature swings in several passive buildings are cited. Methods of temperature control are discussed, both by means of control intervention such as using of auxiliary backup heating, ventilation, and blowers, and by means of building design. The design approach is preferred as the main course with the intervention techniques used for fine tuning.

Balcomb, D.

1978-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Mitigation of wind induced movement of buildings using the modified friction device  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building higher skyscrapers increases the concern of wind induced motion. Indeed, in order to ensure serviceability and safety standards, it is the engineers' responsibility to investigate the response of high-rise buildings ...

Mikou, Saad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Let the Building Begin Let the Building Begin Solar Decathlon 2013: Let the Building Begin Addthis Day 7 Construction 1 of 22 Day 7 Construction During the 7th day of construction, the Solar Decathlon village has started to take shape. The houses open to the public on October 3, 2013 at 11 am. Image: Stefano Paltera, Energy Department Day 7 Construction 2 of 22 Day 7 Construction The University of North Carolina at Charlotte team members assemble their Solar Decathlon entry. Image: Eric Grigorian, Energy Department Day 7 Construction 3 of 22 Day 7 Construction Kevin Davis, of West Virginia University, fills his house's water tank while team members discuss a potential problem. Water was delivered to all team houses today. Image: Amy Vaughn, Energy Department Day 6 Construction 4 of 22 Day 6 Construction

318

Extended Coronal Heating and Solar Wind Acceleration Over the Solar Cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews our growing understanding of the physics behind coronal heating (in open-field regions) and the acceleration of the solar wind. Many new insights have come from the last solar cycle's worth of observations and theoretical work. Measurements of the plasma properties in the extended corona, where the primary solar wind acceleration occurs, have been key to discriminating between competing theories. We describe how UVCS/SOHO measurements of coronal holes and streamers over the last 14 years have provided clues about the detailed kinetic processes that energize both fast and slow wind regions. We also present a brief survey of current ideas involving the coronal source regions of fast and slow wind streams, and how these change over the solar cycle. These source regions are discussed in the context of recent theoretical models (based on Alfven waves and MHD turbulence) that have begun to successfully predict both the heating and acceleration in fast and slow wind regions with essentially no fre...

Cranmer, Steven R; Miralles, Mari Paz; van Ballegooijen, Adriaan A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Intermittent Dissipation and Local Heating in the Solar Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evidence for inhomogeneous heating in the interplanetary plasma near current sheets dynamically generated by magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence is obtained using measurements from the ACE spacecraft. These coherent structures only constitute 19% of the data, but contribute 50% of the total plasma internal energy. Intermittent heating manifests as elevations in proton temperature near current sheets, resulting in regional heating and temperature enhancements extending over several hours. The number density of non-Gaussian structures is found to be proportional to the mean proton temperature and solar wind speed. These results suggest magnetofluid turbulence drives intermittent dissipation through a hierarchy of coherent structures, which collectively could be a significant source of coronal and solar wind heating.

Osman, K T; Wan, M; Rappazzo, A F

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Save with Solar and Wind, Summer 2002 (Newsletter)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This newsletter is published by the Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program. It is intended for facility managers, contracting officials, energy specialists, and others involved in helping Federal agencies increase their use of cost-effective solar and wind energy systems at their facilities. Renewable energy systems ultimately save agencies money by reducing utility costs; they also help to lower the emissions associated with the use of fossil fuels. This issue describes a new strategy to achieve the Federal goal for renewable energy, as well as some new solar and wind systems installed at facilities of the Department of Defense, the U.S. Geological Survey, the U.S. Postal Service, the National Park Service, and other agencies.

Not Available

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Residual energy in magnetohydrodynamic turbulence and in the solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent observations indicate that kinetic and magnetic energies are not in equipartition in the solar wind turbulence. Rather, magnetic fluctuations are more energetic and have somewhat steeper energy spectrum compared to the velocity fluctuations. This leads to the presence of the so-called residual energy E_r=E_v-E_b in the inertial interval of turbulence. This puzzling effect is addressed in the present paper in the framework of weak turbulence theory. Using a simple model of weakly colliding Alfv\\'en waves, we demonstrate that the kinetic-magnetic equipartition indeed gets broken as a result of nonlinear interaction of Alfv\\'en waves. We establish that magnetic energy is indeed generated more efficiently as a result of these interactions, which proposes an explanation for the solar wind observations.

Stanislav Boldyrev; Jean Carlos Perez; Vladimir Zhdankin

2011-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

322

THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF SOLAR WIND TURBULENCE  

SciTech Connect

We present a measurement of the scale-dependent, three-dimensional structure of the magnetic field fluctuations in inertial range solar wind turbulence with respect to a local, physically motivated coordinate system. The Alfvenic fluctuations are three-dimensionally anisotropic, with the sense of this anisotropy varying from large to small scales. At the outer scale, the magnetic field correlations are longest in the local fluctuation direction, consistent with Alfven waves. At the proton gyroscale, they are longest along the local mean field direction and shortest in the direction perpendicular to the local mean field and the local field fluctuation. The compressive fluctuations are highly elongated along the local mean field direction, although axially symmetric perpendicular to it. Their large anisotropy may explain why they are not heavily damped in the solar wind.

Chen, C. H. K.; Bale, S. D. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Mallet, A.; Schekochihin, A. A. [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); Horbury, T. S. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Wicks, R. T., E-mail: chen@ssl.berkeley.edu [Heliophysics Science Division, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

323

Generation of residual energy in the turbulent solar wind  

SciTech Connect

In situ observations of the fluctuating solar wind flow show that the energy of magnetic field fluctuations always exceeds that of the kinetic energy, and therefore the difference between the kinetic and magnetic energies, known as the residual energy, is always negative. The same behaviour is found in numerical simulations of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence. We study the dynamics of the residual energy for strong, anisotropic, critically balanced magnetohydrodynamic turbulence using the eddy damped quasi-normal Markovian approximation. Our analysis shows that for stationary critically balanced magnetohydrodynamic turbulence, negative residual energy will always be generated by nonlinear interacting Alfven waves. This offers a general explanation for the observation of negative residual energy in solar wind turbulence and in the numerical simulations.

Gogoberidze, G. [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Institute of Theoretical Physics, Ilia State University, 3/5 Cholokashvili Ave., 0162 Tbilisi (Georgia); Chapman, S. C.; Hnat, B. [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

324

The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) Instrument Aboard New Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument on New Horizons will measure the interaction between the solar wind and ions created by atmospheric loss from Pluto. These measurements provide a characterization of the total loss rate and allow us to examine the complex plasma interactions at Pluto for the first time. Constrained to fit within minimal resources, SWAP is optimized to make plasma-ion measurements at all rotation angles as the New Horizons spacecraft scans to image Pluto and Charon during the flyby. In order to meet these unique requirements, we combined a cylindrically symmetric retarding potential analyzer (RPA) with small deflectors, a top-hat analyzer, and a redundant/coincidence detection scheme. This configuration allows for highly sensitive measurements and a controllable energy passband at all scan angles of the spacecraft.

D. McComas; F. Allegrini; F. Bagenal; P. Casey; P. Delamere; D. Demkee; G. Dunn; H. Elliott; J. Hanley; K. Johnson; J. Langle; G. Miller; S. Pope; M. Reno; B. Rodriguez; N. Schwadron; P. Valek; S. Weidner

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

325

The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) Instrument Aboard New Horizons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument on New Horizons will measure the interaction between the solar wind and ions created by atmospheric loss from Pluto. These measurements provide a characterization of the total loss rate and allow us to examine the complex plasma interactions at Pluto for the first time. Constrained to fit within minimal resources, SWAP is optimized to make plasma-ion measurements at all rotation angles as the New Horizons spacecraft scans to image Pluto and Charon during the flyby. In order to meet these unique requirements, we combined a cylindrically symmetric retarding potential analyzer (RPA) with small deflectors, a top-hat analyzer, and a redundant/coincidence detection scheme. This configuration allows for highly sensitive measurements and a controllable energy passband at all scan angles of the spacecraft.

McComas, D; Bagenal, F; Casey, P; Delamere, P; Demkee, D; Dunn, G; Elliott, H; Hanley, J; Johnson, K; Langle, J; Miller, G; Pope, S; Reno, M; Rodrguez, B; Schwadron, N; Valek, P; Weidner, S

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Performance estimates for attached-sunspace passive solar heated buildings  

SciTech Connect

Performance predictions have been made for attached-sunspace types of passively solar heated buildings. The predictions are based on hour-by-hour computer simulations using computer models developed in the framework of PASOLE, the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL) passive solar energy simulation program. The models have been validated by detailed comparison with actual hourly temperature measurements taken in attached-sunspace test rooms at LASL.

McFarland, R.D.; Jones, R.W.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Solar and Wind Easements and Local Option Rights Laws | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Local Option Rights Laws Local Option Rights Laws Solar and Wind Easements and Local Option Rights Laws < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Buying & Making Electricity Water Heating Wind Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Solar/Wind Access Policy Provider Nebraska Energy Office Nebraska's solar and wind easement provisions allow property owners to create binding solar and wind easements for the purpose of protecting and maintaining proper access to sunlight and wind. Originally designed only to apply to solar, the laws were revised in March 1997 (Bill 140) to include wind. Counties and municipalities are permitted to develop zoning

328

Solar and Wind Energy Utilization and Project Development Scenarios |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utilization and Project Development Scenarios Utilization and Project Development Scenarios Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Solar and wind energy resources in Ethiopia have not been given due attention in the past. Some of the primary reasons for under consideration of these resources are lack of awareness of their potential in the country, the role they can have in the overall energy mix and the social benefits associated with them. Knowledge of the exploitable potential of these resources and identification of potential regions for development will help energy planners and developers to incorporate these resources as alternative means of supplying energy by conducting a more accurate techno-economic analysis which leads to more realistic economic projections. (Purpose): The ultimate objective of this study is to produce a document that comprises country background information on solar and wind energy utilization and project scenarios which present solar and wind energy investment opportunities to investors and decision makers. It is an integrated study with specific objectives of resource documentation including analysis of barriers and policies, identification of potential areas for technology promotion, and nationwide aggregation of potentials and benefits of the resource. The

329

Solar Decathlon: How far did they travel? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cities -Building Design --Solar Decathlon -Manufacturing Energy Sources -Renewables --Solar ---SunShot --Wind --Water ---Carbon Capture & Sequestration -Consumption -Smart Grid...

330

Edison Solar & Wind Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

& Wind Ltd & Wind Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Edison Solar & Wind Ltd Address 11 E. Church St, #57 Place Milan, Ohio Zip 44846 Sector Geothermal energy, Solar, Wind energy Product Agriculture; Consulting; Energy provider: power production; Engineering/architectural/design;Installation; Retail product sales and distribution Phone number 419-499-0000 Website http://edisonsolar.net Coordinates 41.297721°, -82.6055097° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.297721,"lon":-82.6055097,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

331

Value of Wind Power Forecasting  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study, building on the extensive models developed for the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS), uses these WECC models to evaluate the operating cost impacts of improved day-ahead wind forecasts.

Lew, D.; Milligan, M.; Jordan, G.; Piwko, R.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Connecting Your Solar Electric System to the Utility Grid: Better Buildings Series Solar Electric Fact Sheet  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In recent years, the number of solar-powered homes connected to the local utility grid has increased dramatically. These''grid-connected'' buildings have solar electric panels or''modules'' that provide some or even most of their power, while still being connected to the local utility. This fact sheet provides information on connecting your solar electric system to the utility grid, including information on net metering.

Not Available

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Complementary Effect of Wind and Solar Energy Sources in a Microgrid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Complementary Effect of Wind and Solar Energy Sources in a Microgrid M. A. Barik, Student Member. Index Terms--Microgrid, renewable energy sources, reactive power mismatch, solar integration, voltage-mass energy, etc. Of them wind and solar energy is broadly used for their characteristics. This paper presents

Pota, Himanshu Roy

334

Kolmogorov versus IroshnikovKraichnan spectra: Consequences for ion heating in the solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heating in the solar wind C. S. Ng,1 A. Bhattacharjee,2 D. Munsi,2 P. A. Isenberg,2 and C. W. Smith2 an open question, theoretically as well as observationally. The ion heating profile observed in the solar. Recently, a solar wind heating model based on Kolmogorov spectral scaling has produced reasonably good

Ng, Chung-Sang

335

The Solar Wind: Probing the Heliosphere with Multiple Spacecraft John D. Richardson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the observations and thus the rate of energy transfer between the pickup and thermal ion populations. 2. SOLAR are ionized they are accelerated to the solar wind speed by the Lorenz force. The energy for this acceleration comes from the kinetic energy of the solar wind. Quantifying the speed decrease provides estimates

Richardson, John

336

Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements Incorporating Solar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Renewable Energy, Distributed Energy Program of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02 report LBNL-52753. February 2003. Site information and characteristics EIA (U.S. Energy InformationLBNL-58783 Integrated Modeling of Building Energy Requirements Incorporating Solar Assisted Cooling

337

Radio Remote Sensing of the Corona and the Solar Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern radio telescopes are extremely sensitive to plasma on the line of sight from a radio source to the antenna. Plasmas in the corona and solar wind produce measurable changes in the radio wave amplitude and phase, and the phase difference between wave fields of opposite circular polarization. Such measurements can be made of radio waves from spacecraft transmitters and extragalactic radio sources, using radio telescopes and spacecraft tracking antennas. Data have been taken at frequencies from about 80 MHz to 8000 MHz. Lower frequencies probe plasma at greater heliocentric distances. Analysis of these data yields information on the plasma density, density fluctuations, and plasma flow speeds in the corona and solar wind, and on the magnetic field in the solar corona. This paper will concentrate on the information that can be obtained from measurements of Faraday rotation through the corona and inner solar wind. The magnitude of Faraday rotation is proportional to the line of sight integral of the plasma density and the line-of-sight component of the magnetic field. Faraday rotation provides an almost unique means of estimating the magnetic field in this part of space. This technique has contributed to measurement of the large scale coronal magnetic field, the properties of electromagnetic turbulence in the corona, possible detection of electrical currents in the corona, and probing of the internal structure of coronal mass ejections (CMEs). This paper concentrates on the search for small-scale coronal turbulence and remote sensing of the structure of CMEs. Future investigations with the Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA) or Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) could provide unique observational input on the astrophysics of CMEs.

Steven R. Spangler; Catherine A. Whiting

2008-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

338

COLLOQUIUM: On Tracing the Origins of the Solar Wind | Princeton Plasma  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January 8, 2014, 4:00pm to 5:30pm January 8, 2014, 4:00pm to 5:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: On Tracing the Origins of the Solar Wind Dr. Sarah McGregor Boston University The Sun emits a constant flow of particles from its surface. Mainly composed of Protons and electrons, and dragging with it magnetic fields, this Solar Wind expands outwards from the sun, interacting with planets and spacecraft alike. Since the 1960s, in situ observations have shown that the solar wind is comprised of two distinct states: slow (300550 km/s) and fast (600800 km/s). Temperature, density, and compositional variations between the two suggest different sources for the fast and slow solar wind. Using state of the art models and observations I find that the solar wind observations used to distinguish between fast and slow solar wind are not

339

Look to the Right, Kids: Five Solar/Wind Hybrids | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Look to the Right, Kids: Five Solar/Wind Hybrids Look to the Right, Kids: Five Solar/Wind Hybrids Look to the Right, Kids: Five Solar/Wind Hybrids September 1, 2010 - 2:16pm Addthis Genoa Township, Mich., installed five wind/solar hybrid units that will supply up to 20 percent of the township hall’s electrical needs. | Photo Courtesy of Genoa Township Genoa Township, Mich., installed five wind/solar hybrid units that will supply up to 20 percent of the township hall's electrical needs. | Photo Courtesy of Genoa Township Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What are the key facts? Genoa Township in Michigan uses Recovery Act funds to deploy wind-solar units. Five units to supply up to 20% of township hall's electricity. The highly visible Michigan-manufactured units were installed along

340

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wear-and-Tear Costs and Emissions Wear-and-Tear Costs and Emissions Impacts of Cycling and Ramping Are Relatively Small The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) is one of the largest regional wind and solar integration studies to date. It examines the operational impact of up to 35% penetration of wind, photovoltaic (PV), and concentrating solar power (CSP) energy on the electric power system. The goal is to understand the effects of and investigate mitigation options for the variability and uncertainty of wind and solar. Phase 1 Research Phase 1 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS1) found no technical barriers to the integration of high penetrations of wind and solar power in the Western Interconnection power system if certain changes to opera- tional practices are made. The two most important changes

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Energy conservation by adaptive control for a solar heated building  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Identification and optimal control techniques are combined to form an adaptive optimal control strategy which is used to minimize the auxiliary energy consumption for a solar heated building. The adaptive optimal control strategy is described and application of the adaptive optimal controller to the heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) system in an appropriate building is modeled. The building used is the newly completed National Security and Resources Study Center (NSRSC) at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL). The NSRSC uses an 8000 sq. ft. solar collector to provide energy for heating and cooling the building. A cost functional to define optimal performance of the HVAC system and an identification process to produce a linearized building model are combined to yield an adaptive linear regulator solution. Although solar energy is used for both heating and cooling the NSRSC, only the results from the heating simulation are available for presentation here. Energy savings predicted by the model when compared to a conventional control system are described and an alternate system configuration is briefly discussed. Plans for actual implementation of the adaptive optimal controller are discussed.

Farris, D.R.; Melsa, J.L.; Murray, H.S.; McDonald, T.E.; Springer, T.E.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Wind Tunnel Tests of Parabolic Trough Solar Collectors: March 2001--August 2003  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Conducted extensive wind-tunnel tests on parabolic trough solar collectors to determine practical wind loads applicable to structural design for stress and deformation, and local component design for concentrator reflectors.

Hosoya, N.; Peterka, J. A.; Gee, R. C.; Kearney, D.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Using Solar Business Models to Expand the Distributed Wind Market (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation to attendees at Wind Powering America's All-States Summit in Chicago describes business models that were responsible for rapid growth in the solar industry and that may be applicable to the distributed wind industry as well.

Savage, S.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Materials aspects of solar energy use in buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Advances in materials for solar energy utilization have the potential to produce large performance improvements (both present and future concepts) in use of solar energy or conservation. Because approximately 26 quads of the total national energy budget of 75 quads is consumed by buildings, solar and conservation improvements can have a large effect on our overall energy consumption. There have been a large number of materials research programs funded through the Department of Energy (DOE) in an attempt to expand the use of solar energy. These materials programs have covered the areas of sealants and gaskets, insulations, glazings, glazing-surface treatments, polymers, selective absorber surfaces, phase-change storage, and heat mirrors. In addition to developing the materials, a large effort has been directed toward determining the reliability and durability of solar materials. The present state of the art and status of these solar materials are discussed. Although much progress has been made in recent years, many improvements are still needed. For many of the more routine materials, simple cost reductions or durability improvements would suffice. For the more advanced concepts of controlling energy flow into or out of buildings, basic materials research remains a necessity. There are a large number of potentially viable concepts that appear promising but have not yet been developed into usable materials.

Moore, S.W.; McFarland, R.D.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Property Tax Exemption for Solar and Wind Energy Systems | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Property Tax Exemption for Solar and Wind Energy Systems Property Tax Exemption for Solar and Wind Energy Systems Property Tax Exemption for Solar and Wind Energy Systems < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Program Info State Maryland Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% real property tax exemption for solar and wind energy property Provider Department of Assessments and Taxation In May 2007, Maryland established a property tax exemption for residential solar energy systems. Under this law solar energy devices "installed to heat or cool a dwelling, generate electricity to be used in the dwelling, or provide hot water for use in the dwelling" were exempt from state -- but not local -- property taxes. However, in April 2008

346

Investigating the Correlation Between Wind and Solar Power Forecast Errors in the Western Interconnection: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind and solar power generations differ from conventional energy generation because of the variable and uncertain nature of their power output. This variability and uncertainty can have significant impacts on grid operations. Thus, short-term forecasting of wind and solar generation is uniquely helpful for power system operations to balance supply and demand in an electricity system. This paper investigates the correlation between wind and solar power forecasting errors.

Zhang, J.; Hodge, B. M.; Florita, A.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

NREL: Technology Deployment - National Collegiate Wind Competition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acceleration Biopower & Waste-to-Energy Buildings Fuels, Vehicles, & Transportation Microgrid Design Solar Wind Success Stories Publications Models & Tools News Did you find what...

348

Convective heat transfer inside passive solar buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Natural convection between spaces in a building can play a major role in energy transfer. Two situations are investigated: convection through a single doorway into a remote room, and a convective loop in a two-story house with a south sunspace where a north stairway serves as the return path. A doorway-sizing equation is given for the single-door case. Detailed data are given from the monitoring of airflow in one two-story house and summary data are given for five others. Observations on the nature of the airflow and design guidelines are presented.

Jones, R.W.; Balcomb, J.D.; Yamaguchi, K.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Solar energy collector for mounting over windows of buildings for space heating thereof  

SciTech Connect

The ornamental design for a solar energy collector for mounting over windows of buildings for space heating thereof, as shown.

Arrington, P.M.

1982-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

350

NO EVIDENCE FOR HEATING OF THE SOLAR WIND AT STRONG CURRENT SHEETS  

SciTech Connect

It has been conjectured that strong current sheets are the sites of proton heating in the solar wind. For the present study, a strong current sheet is defined by a >45{sup 0} rotation of the solar-wind magnetic-field direction in 128 s. A total of 194,070 strong current sheets at 1 AU are analyzed in the 1998-2010 ACE solar-wind data set. The proton temperature, proton specific entropy, and electron temperature at each current sheet are compared with the same quantities in the plasmas adjacent to the current sheet. Statistically, the plasma at the current sheets is not hotter or of higher entropy than the plasmas just outside the current sheets. This is taken as evidence that there is no significant localized heating of the solar-wind protons or electrons at strong current sheets. Current sheets are, however, found to be more prevalent in hotter solar-wind plasma. This is because more current sheets are counted in the fast solar wind than in the slow solar wind, and the fast solar wind is hotter than the slow solar wind.

Borovsky, Joseph E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (United States); Denton, Michael H. [Department of Physics, Lancaster University, Lancaster (United Kingdom)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Residential Solar and Wind Electricity...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

providing a sales and use tax exemption for sales of electricity from qualifying solar energy and residential wind energy equipment to residential customers. In order to...

352

The Impact of Wind and Solar on the Value of Energy Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Impact of Wind and Solar on the Value of Energy Storage Paul Denholm, Jennie Jorgenson, Marissa Hummon, and David Palchak National Renewable Energy Laboratory Brendan Kirby...

353

UNEP/DTIE Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Project  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b>This project will provide solar and wind resource data and geographic information assessment tools to public and private sector executives who are involved in energy...

354

Some analytic models of passive solar building performance: a theoretical approach to the design of energy-conserving buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes an application of the fundamental methods of physics to solve a problem of environmental and economic interest: the description of the thermal performance of passive solar buildings. Such a description is of great practical interest to building designers; however, this paper is not intended to be of use to architects and engineers in its present form. Its intention is to provide a theoretical basis for understanding passive solar buildings; further effort is needed to develop rules of solar engineering.

Goldstein, D.B.

1978-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Low-Resolution STELab IPS 3D Reconstructions oftheWhole Heliosphere Interval and Comparison within-Ecliptic Solar Wind Measurements fromSTEREO and Wind Instrumentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

structure of the fast solar wind. J. Geophys. Res. 112,observations of the solar wind. Proc. SPIE 6689, 668911-1.W.A. , Maagoe, S. : 1972, Solar wind velocity from ips

Bisi, M. M.; Jackson, B. V.; Buffington, A.; Clover, J. M.; Hick, P. P.; Tokumaru, M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Mesquite Solar Plan - build out next to existing FF plants Solar Power  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plan - build out next to existing FF plants Solar Power Plan - build out next to existing FF plants Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name Mesquite Solar Plan - build out next to existing FF plants Solar Power Plant Facility Mesquite Solar Plan - build out next to existing FF plants Sector Solar Facility Type Photovoltaic Developer Sempra Generation Location Maricopa County, Arizona Coordinates 33.2917968°, -112.4291464° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.2917968,"lon":-112.4291464,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

357

Save with Solar and Wind, Winter 2001/2002 (Newsletter)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This issue describes some of the ways in which our government is saving energy and money by using solar and wind systems to produce heat and electricity at Federal facilities. It focuses on successful energy efficiency and renewable energy projects-such as those in Joshua Tree National Park in California-sponsored by DOE's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) and other agencies. And it includes information about software, innovative financing opportunities, and other tools that can help agencies fulfill the mandates of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 and Executive Order 13123.

Not Available

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Wind and Solar-Electric (PV) Systems Exemption | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Wind and Solar-Electric (PV) Systems Exemption Wind and Solar-Electric (PV) Systems Exemption < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Property Tax Incentive Rebate Amount Solar: 100% exemption from real property taxes Wind: 100% exemption from real and personal property taxes Provider Minnesota Department of Commerce Minnesota excludes the value added by solar-electric (PV) systems installed after January 1, 1992 from real property taxation. In addition all real and personal property of wind-energy systems is exempt from the state's property tax.* However, the land on which a PV or wind system is located remains taxable.

359

Standards, building codes, and certification programs for solar technology applicatons  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report is a primer on solar standards development. It explains the development of standards, building code provisions, and certification programs and their relationship to the emerging solar technologies. These areas are important in the commercialization of solar technology because they lead to the attainment of two goals: the development of an industry infrastructure and consumer confidence. Standards activities in the four phases of the commercialization process (applied research, development, introduction, and diffusion) are discussed in relation to institutional issues. Federal policies have been in operation for a number of years to accelerate the development process for solar technology. These policies are discussed in light of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular on federal interaction with the voluntary consensus system, and in light of current activities of DOE, HUD, and other interested federal agencies. The appendices cover areas of specific interest to different audiences: activities on the state and local level; and standards, building codes, and certification programs for specific technologies. In addition, a contract for the development of a model solar document let by DOE to a model consortium is excerpted in the Appendix.

Riley, J. D.; Odland, R.; Barker, H.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

SCALE DEPENDENCE OF MAGNETIC HELICITY IN THE SOLAR WIND  

SciTech Connect

We determine the magnetic helicity, along with the magnetic energy, at high latitudes using data from the Ulysses mission. The data set spans the time period from 1993 to 1996. The basic assumption of the analysis is that the solar wind is homogeneous. Because the solar wind speed is high, we follow the approach first pioneered by Matthaeus et al. by which, under the assumption of spatial homogeneity, one can use Fourier transforms of the magnetic field time series to construct one-dimensional spectra of the magnetic energy and magnetic helicity under the assumption that the Taylor frozen-in-flow hypothesis is valid. That is a well-satisfied assumption for the data used in this study. The magnetic helicity derives from the skew-symmetric terms of the three-dimensional magnetic correlation tensor, while the symmetric terms of the tensor are used to determine the magnetic energy spectrum. Our results show a sign change of magnetic helicity at wavenumber k {approx} 2 AU{sup -1} (or frequency {nu} {approx} 2 {mu}Hz) at distances below 2.8 AU and at k {approx} 30 AU{sup -1} (or {nu} {approx} 25 {mu}Hz) at larger distances. At small scales the magnetic helicity is positive at northern heliographic latitudes and negative at southern latitudes. The positive magnetic helicity at small scales is argued to be the result of turbulent diffusion reversing the sign relative to what is seen at small scales at the solar surface. Furthermore, the magnetic helicity declines toward solar minimum in 1996. The magnetic helicity flux integrated separately over one hemisphere amounts to about 10{sup 45} Mx{sup 2} cycle{sup -1} at large scales and to a three times lower value at smaller scales.

Brandenburg, Axel [NORDITA, AlbaNova University Center, Roslagstullsbacken 23, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden); Subramanian, Kandaswamy [Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India); Balogh, Andre [International Space Science Institute, Hallerstrasse 6, Bern CH-3012 (Switzerland); Goldstein, Melvyn L., E-mail: brandenb@nordita.org, E-mail: kandu@iucaa.ernet.in, E-mail: a.balogh@imperial.ac.uk, E-mail: melvyn.l.goldstein@nasa.gov [Code 673, NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2011-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Residential Solar and Wind Energy Systems Tax Credit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Solar and Wind Energy Systems Tax Credit Residential Solar and Wind Energy Systems Tax Credit Residential Solar and Wind Energy Systems Tax Credit < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Solar Lighting Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Buying & Making Electricity Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate 1,000 maximum credit per residence, regardless of number of energy devices installed Program Info Start Date 1/1/1995 State Arizona Program Type Personal Tax Credit Rebate Amount 25% Provider Arizona Department of Revenue Arizona's Solar Energy Credit is available to individual taxpayers who install a solar or wind energy device at the taxpayer's Arizona residence. The credit is allowed against the taxpayer's personal income tax in the

362

Do You Wonder How Much Energy Your Home Could Get from Solar or Wind? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Do You Wonder How Much Energy Your Home Could Get from Solar or Do You Wonder How Much Energy Your Home Could Get from Solar or Wind? Do You Wonder How Much Energy Your Home Could Get from Solar or Wind? December 16, 2008 - 1:15pm Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Have you ever thought about installing wind or solar energy on your property? Are you curious about what sort of results you could get if you did? Then you might be interested in trying out the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's In My Backyard tool. In My Backyard uses Google Maps and the laboratory's renewable resource databases to estimate how much energy you could produce from wind or solar energy at your location. All you have to do is plug in your address, use the "draw" tool to select where you would construct wind or solar, and plug in a few details about

363

Energy Information Administration (EIA)- Commercial Buildings ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. ... Space-Heating Energy SourcesBuildings using at least one of the major fuels, ...

364

Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 66 (2004) 13991409 Probing the solar wind-inner magnetospheric coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/magnetosphere interactions; Radiation belts; Particle acceleration; Solar cycle; Forecasting; Space weather 1. IntroductionJournal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 66 (2004) 1399­1409 Probing the solar wind, and therefore the modeling of the flux is of direct relevance to the development of space weather applications

Vassiliadis, Dimitrios

365

Wind energy/geothermic/solar heating system. Final report  

SciTech Connect

I've observed three distinct ''camps'' of renewable energy resources; WIND, Geothermic, and Solar. None of the three are completely adequate for the NE by themselves. I observe little effort to combine them to date. My objective has been to demonstrate that the three can be combined in a practical system. To mitagate the high cost and poor payback for individual residences, I believe neighborhoods of 4 to 5 homes, apartment complexes or condominiums could form an Energy Association alloting a piece of ground (could be a greenbelt) which would contain the well or wells, solar boosted underground water storage and the Solar banks. These are the high cost items which could be prorated and ammortized by the Association. Easements would permit each residence underground insulated water lines for individual heat pump conversions to existing forced air furnaces. Where regulations permit, an individual home could erect his own windmill to belt drive his freon compressor. With or without the optional windmill the water to freon heat pump with its solar boosts on the well water, will enjoy COP's (coefficient of Performances or times better than electric resistance heat) beyond anything on the market today. In a neighborhood energy association, all trenching could be done together all plumbing could be one contract and they could qualify for quantity discounts on heat pump units, chillers and components and installation.

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Suprathermal particle addition to solar wind pressure: possible influence on magnetospheric transmissivity of low energy cosmic rays?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energetic (suprathermal) solar particles, accelerated in the interplanetary medium, contribute to the solar wind pressure, in particular during high solar activity periods. We estimated the effect of the increase of solar wind pressure due to suprathermal particles on magnetospheric transmissivity of galactic cosmic rays in the case of one recent solar event.

Bobik, P; Consolandi, C; Della Torre, S; Gervasi, M; Grandi, D; Kudela, K; La Vacca, G; Mallamaci, M; Pensotti, S; Rancoita, P G; Rozza, D; Tacconi, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Integrating High Penetrations of Solar in the Western United States: Results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Poster)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This poster presents a summary of the results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2.

Bird, L.; Lew, D.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Solar and Wind Technologies for Hydrogen Production: Report to Congress Solar and Wind Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Puerto Rico Mayagüez Maharaj Tomar Ph.D. Nanostructured III-N solar cells for space applications Rhode for Aerospace and Exploration Systems Puerto Rico University of Puerto Rico Dr. Gerardo Morell UPRM Research and Terrestrial Ecosystems Puerto Rico University of Puerto Rico Dr. Gerardo Morell University of Puerto Rico Dr

369

SOLAR RADIATION ESTIMATION ON BUILDING ROOFS AND WEB-BASED SOLAR CADASTRE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this study is the estimation of solar irradiance on building roofs in complex Alpine landscapes. Very high resolution geometric models of the building roofs are generated by means of advanced automated image matching methods. Models are combined with raster and vector data sources to estimate the incoming solar radiation hitting the roofs. The methodology takes into account for atmospheric effects, site latitude and elevation, slope and aspect of the terrain as well as the effects of shadows cast by surrounding buildings, chimneys, dormers, vegetation and terrain topography. An open source software solution has been developed and applied to a study area located in a mountainous site and containing some 1250 residential, commercial and industrial buildings. The method has been validated by data collected with a pyranometer and results made available through a prototype WebGIS platform. 1.

G. Agugiaro A; Commission Ii Wg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Velocity-Space Proton Diffusion in the Solar Wind Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a velocity-space quasilinear diffusion of the solar wind protons driven by oblique Alfven turbulence at proton kinetic scales. Turbulent fluctuations at these scales possess properties of kinetic Alfven waves (KAWs) that are efficient in Cherenkov resonant interactions. The proton diffusion proceeds via Cherenkov kicks and forms a quasilinear plateau - nonthermal proton tail in the velocity distribution function (VDF). The tails extend in velocity space along the mean magnetic field from 1 to (1.5-3) VA, depending on the spectral break position, turbulence amplitude at the spectral break, and spectral slope after the break. The most favorable conditions for the tail generation occur in the regions where the proton thermal and Alfven velocities are about the same, VTp/VA = 1. The estimated formation times are within 1-2 h for typical tails at 1 AU, which is much shorter than the solar wind expansion time. Our results suggest that the nonthermal proton tails, observed in-situ at all heliocentric distan...

Voitenko, Yuriy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Could Building Energy Codes Mandate Rooftop Solar in the Future?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores existing requirements and compliance options for both commercial and residential code structures. Common alternative compliance options are discussed including Renewable Energy Credits (RECs), green-power purchasing programs, shared solar programs and other community-based renewable energy investments. Compliance options are analyzed to consider building lifespan, cost-effectiveness, energy trade-offs, enforcement concerns and future code development. Existing onsite renewable energy codes are highlighted as case studies for the code development process.

Dillon, Heather E.; Antonopoulos, Chrissi A.; Solana, Amy E.; Russo, Bryan J.; Williams, Jeremiah

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Use of Renewable Energy in Buildings: Experiences With Solar Thermal Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar energy is receiving much more attention in building energy systems in recent years. Solar thermal utilization should be based on the integration of solar collectors into buildings. The facades of buildings can be important solar collectors, and therefore become multifunctional. In addition, solar collectors can be used to enhance the appearance of the faade when considering aesthetic compatibility. Currently, the feasible approach for integration of solar collectors into buildings is to install collectors on the south tilted roofs, south walls, balconies or awnings. Experiences on solar thermal utilization are mainly introduced in this paper, which include solar hot water systems with different design methods in residential buildings and solar-powered integrated energy systems in public buildings. Then suggestions are given. In cities of China, an ideal opportunity to carry out solar renovation with roof-integrated collectors is in combination with the rebuilding of apartment roofs, from flat to inclined. With regard to multi-story residential buildings, a central hot water supply system and central-individual hot water supply system are more appropriate in view of aesthetic compatibility of solar collectors with building roof and convenience of management. As for public buildings, it is highly recommended to design solar-powered integrated energy systems for the purpose of high solar fraction.

Wang, R.; Zhai, X.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Wind Power Today: Building a New Energy Future, Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program 2009 (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind Power Today is an annual publication that provides an overview of the wind energy research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program.

Not Available

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: UrbaWind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Renewable Energy EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Building Energy Software Tools Directory Search Search Help Building Energy Software Tools Directory...

375

THREE-DIMENSIONAL MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC MODELING OF THE SOLAR WIND INCLUDING PICKUP PROTONS AND TURBULENCE TRANSPORT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To study the effects of interstellar pickup protons and turbulence on the structure and dynamics of the solar wind, we have developed a fully three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic solar wind model that treats interstellar pickup protons as a separate fluid and incorporates the transport of turbulence and turbulent heating. The governing system of equations combines the mean-field equations for the solar wind plasma, magnetic field, and pickup protons and the turbulence transport equations for the turbulent energy, normalized cross-helicity, and correlation length. The model equations account for photoionization of interstellar hydrogen atoms and their charge exchange with solar wind protons, energy transfer from pickup protons to solar wind protons, and plasma heating by turbulent dissipation. Separate mass and energy equations are used for the solar wind and pickup protons, though a single momentum equation is employed under the assumption that the pickup protons are comoving with the solar wind protons. We compute the global structure of the solar wind plasma, magnetic field, and turbulence in the region from 0.3 to 100 AU for a source magnetic dipole on the Sun tilted by 0 Degree-Sign -90 Degree-Sign and compare our results with Voyager 2 observations. The results computed with and without pickup protons are superposed to evaluate quantitatively the deceleration and heating effects of pickup protons, the overall compression of the magnetic field in the outer heliosphere caused by deceleration, and the weakening of corotating interaction regions by the thermal pressure of pickup protons.

Usmanov, Arcadi V.; Matthaeus, William H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Goldstein, Melvyn L., E-mail: arcadi.usmanov@nasa.gov [Code 673, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

376

Neutral Solar Wind Generated by Lunar Exospheric Dust at the Terminator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the flux of neutral solar wind observed on the lunar surface at the terminator due to solar wind protons penetrating exospheric dust grains with (1) radii greater than 0.1 microns and (2) radii greater than 0.01 microns. For grains with radii larger than 0.1 microns, the ratio of the neutral solar wind flux produced by exospheric dust to the incident ionized solar wind flux is estimated to be about 10^-4-10^-3 for solar wind speeds in excess of 800 km/s, but much lower (less than 10^-5) at average to slow solar wind speeds. However, when the smaller grain sizes are considered, this ratio is estimated to be greater than 10^-5 at all speeds, and at speeds in excess of 700 km/s reaches about 10^-3. These neutral solar wind fluxes are easily measurable with current low energy neutral atom instrumentation. Observations of neutral solar wind from the surface of the Moon would provide independent information on the distribution of very small dust grains in the lunar exosphere that would complement and c...

Collier, Michael R

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Modes of energy transfer from the solar wind to the inner magnetosphere D. Vassiliadisa)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modes of energy transfer from the solar wind to the inner magnetosphere D. Vassiliadisa 7 November 2002 Energy transport from the interplanetary plasma to Earth's inner magnetosphere-based modeling which indicates that the coupling of magnetospheric relativistic electron fluxes to solar wind

378

On the response of polar cap dynamics to its solar wind and magnetotail drivers at high levels of geomagnetic activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based on solar wind parameters for the storm of 20 Novemberbased on solar wind parameters for the storm of 20 Novembersolar minimum. The source of the magnetic disturbances observed at the Earth's surface during geomagnetic storms

Gao, Ye

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Community United Methodist Church solar classroom building. Phase II  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The new building reported is formed by three 20 foot by 70 foot modules, each with the long axis in the east-west direction and with a shed roof over each. Solar features include daylighting, fixed insulating shades over the clerestory windows to minimize heat loss during the winter, some operable clerestory windows for ventillation, thermal mass in the form of a concrete floor slab and dark concrete masonry walls on the north end of interior space, ceiling fans for air circulation and sensible cooling, and a large exhaust fan for night cooling. Backup heating is provided by a natural gas furnace, and an air-conditioning unit is included primarily for humidity control in the summer. The building is highly insulated and incorporates designs which minimize air infiltration. A cost analysis for construction of the building is included. (LEW)

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Residential Solar and Wind Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Residential Solar and Wind Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Residential Solar and Wind Electricity Sales (Maryland) Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Residential Solar and Wind Electricity Sales (Maryland) < Back Eligibility General Public/Consumer Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info Start Date 07/01/2011 State Maryland Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption from sales and use tax Provider Revenue Administration Center In May 2011 Maryland enacted legislation providing a sales and use tax exemption for sales of electricity from qualifying solar energy and residential wind energy equipment to residential customers. In order to qualify for the exemption, the sale of electricity must be for residential

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

10 Questions for a Wind & Solar Integration Analyst: Kirsten Orwig |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 Questions for a Wind & Solar Integration Analyst: Kirsten Orwig 10 Questions for a Wind & Solar Integration Analyst: Kirsten Orwig 10 Questions for a Wind & Solar Integration Analyst: Kirsten Orwig March 31, 2011 - 4:58pm Addthis Scientist Kirsten Orwig Scientist Kirsten Orwig Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Working at the intersection of renewable energy technologies and meteorology, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) scientist Kirsten Orwig specializes in transmission and grid integration for wind and solar energy. She shared with us how her experiences in storm chasing led her to this position at NREL and why understanding meteorology is important for advancing reliable solar and wind energy. Q: What prompted you to specialize in a scientific field? Kirsten Orwig: Growing up I was always fascinated with natural phenomena,

382

Extreme Winds and Wind Effects on Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extreme Winds and Wind Effects on Structures. The Engineering ... section. I. Extreme Winds: ... II. Wind Effects on Buildings. Database ...

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

383

Geek-Up[3.25.2011]: Idaho Wind and Chlorosome-Inspired Solar | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3.25.2011]: Idaho Wind and Chlorosome-Inspired Solar 3.25.2011]: Idaho Wind and Chlorosome-Inspired Solar Geek-Up[3.25.2011]: Idaho Wind and Chlorosome-Inspired Solar March 25, 2011 - 5:26pm Addthis INL researchers use data from the weather stations to create a 3D mean wind speed map. The scale shows wind speeds in meters per second. | Department of Energy Image | Courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory | Public Domain | INL researchers use data from the weather stations to create a 3D mean wind speed map. The scale shows wind speeds in meters per second. | Department of Energy Image | Courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory | Public Domain | Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs In the continental United States, around 500 power companies operate a massive, complex network of more than 160,000 miles of high-voltage

384

Hybrid Solar-Wind Generates Savings for South Dakota City | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hybrid Solar-Wind Generates Savings for South Dakota City Hybrid Solar-Wind Generates Savings for South Dakota City Hybrid Solar-Wind Generates Savings for South Dakota City July 19, 2010 - 4:05pm Addthis What does this project do? The projects will reduce the city's natural gas and electric bills by an estimated $2,700. An array of six solar panels, similar to the ones shown, will be installed at Colton, S.D.'s city hall. | Photo courtesy of Colton. The city of Colton, South Dakota. is a small, agriculturally-based community. So small that Mayor Erik Miller says if his two Labrador retrievers ever got lost, local residents would have no trouble finding them. "Colton is like taking a trip to the past," says Miller. Still, the mayor is looking to create a new energy future for Colton, deploying one small-scale solar and two solar-wind hybrid systems, and

385

Solar and Wind Energy Device Franchise Tax Deduction | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar and Wind Energy Device Franchise Tax Deduction Solar and Wind Energy Device Franchise Tax Deduction Solar and Wind Energy Device Franchise Tax Deduction < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Wind Maximum Rebate None Program Info Start Date 1982 State Texas Program Type Corporate Deduction Rebate Amount 10% of amortized cost Provider Comptroller of Public Accounts Texas allows a corporation or other entity subject the state franchise tax to deduct the cost of a solar energy device from the franchise tax. Entities are permitted to deduct 10% of the amortized cost of the system from their apportioned margin. The franchise tax is Texas's equivalent to a corporate tax. For the purposes of this deduction, a solar energy device means "a system

386

Correlated solar wind speed, density, and magnetic field changes at J. D. Richardson and C. Wang1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

., in press, 2003. Wang, C., and J. D. Richardson, Energy partition between solar wind protons and pickup ionsCorrelated solar wind speed, density, and magnetic field changes at Voyager 2 J. D. Richardson December 2003. [1] The character of the solar wind plasma data observed by Voyager 2 recently changed

Richardson, John

387

Solar-wind protons and heavy ions sputtering of lunar surface materials A.F. Barghouty a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar-wind protons and heavy ions sputtering of lunar surface materials A.F. Barghouty a, , F Available online 21 December 2010 Keywords: Solar wind sputtering Lunar regolith KREEP soil Potential a c t Lunar surface materials are exposed to $1 keV/amu solar-wind protons and heavy ions on almost

388

Building Toward a Small Wind Turbine Site Assessor Credential (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Proper site assessment is integral to the development of a successful small wind project. Without a small wind site assessor certification program, consumers, including state incentive program managers, lack a benchmark for differentiating between qualified and nonqualified site assessors. A small wind site assessor best practice manual is being developed as a resource for consumers until a credential program becomes available. This presentation describes the purpose, proposed content, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's approach to the development of such a manual.

Sinclair, K.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Review of activities and plans for solar energy in Federal buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide the Department of Energy's Solar Federal Buildings Program with data on the Federal agencies' activities and plans regarding the use of solar energy in their buildings, and consequently, to make recommendations concerning the Solar Federal Buildings Program's plans. Specifically this report encompasses an analysis of agencies Ten Year Buildings construction, leasing and retrofit plans to provide visibility for and detailed knowledge of Federal agencies planning regarding solar and other renewable energy resources. The results of the analysis conducted, pertinent statistical information regarding planned solar projects, and recommendations concerning the SFBP plans are presented.

Not Available

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Integrating Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic Systems in Whole Building Energy Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces methodologies on how the renewable energy generated by the solar thermal and solar photovoltaic (PV) systems installed on site can be integrated in the whole building simulation analyses, which then can be available to analyze the energy impact of solar systems installed in commercial buildings. A large prototypical office building (124,000 ft2) was used in simulation modeling. The DOE-2.1e program was used for whole building simulation, F-Chart (Beckman et al., 1977) for solar thermal systems analysis, and PV F-Chart (Klein and Beckman, 1983) for solar PV systems analysis.

Cho, S.; Haberl, J.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Temporal Evolution of the Solar-Wind Electron Core Density at Solar Minimum by Correlating SWEA Measurements from STEREO A and B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E. : 2006, Living Rev. Solar Phys. 3, 1. McComas, D.J. ,Temporal Evolution of the Solar-Wind Electron Core DensityGiammanco, C. , et al. : 2009, Solar Phys. 256, 365. Opitz,

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Parallel Electric Field Spectrum of Solar Wind Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By searching through more than 10 satellite-years of THEMIS and Cluster data, three reliable examples of parallel electric field turbulence in the undisturbed solar wind have been found. The perpendicular and parallel electric field spectra in these examples have similar shapes and amplitudes, even at large scales (frequencies below the ion gyroscale) where Alfvenic turbulence with no parallel electric field component is thought to dominate. The spectra of the parallel electric field fluctuations are power laws with exponents near -5/3 below the ion scales (~ 0.1 Hz), and with a flattening of the spectrum in the vicinity of this frequency. At small scales (above a few Hz), the spectra are steeper than -5/3 with values in the range of -2.1 to -2.8. These steeper slopes are consistent with expectations for kinetic Alfven turbulence, although their amplitude relative to the perpendicular fluctuations is larger than expected.

Mozer, F S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation accompanies Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study, a follow-on to Phase 1, which examined the operational impacts of high penetrations of variable renewable generation on the electric power system in the West and was one of the largest variable generation studies to date. High penetrations of variable generation can induce cycling of fossil-fueled generators. Cycling leads to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions. Phase 2 calculated these costs and emissions, and simulated grid operations for a year to investigate the detailed impact of variable generation on the fossil-fueled fleet. The presentation highlights the scope of the study and results.

Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Ibanez, E.; Kumar, N.; Lefton, S.; Jordan, G.; Venkataraman, S.; King, J.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

CHARGE STATE EVOLUTION IN THE SOLAR WIND. II. PLASMA CHARGE STATE COMPOSITION IN THE INNER CORONA AND ACCELERATING FAST SOLAR WIND  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present work, we calculate the evolution of the charge state distribution within the fast solar wind. We use the temperature, density, and velocity profiles predicted by Cranmer et al. to calculate the ionization history of the most important heavy elements in the solar corona and solar wind: C, N, O, Ne, Mg, Si, S, and Fe. The evolution of each charge state is calculated from the source region in the lower chromosphere to the final freeze-in point. We show that the solar wind velocity causes the plasma to experience significant departures from equilibrium at very low heights, well inside the field of view (within 0.6 R{sub sun} from the solar limb) of nearly all the available remote-sensing instrumentation, significantly affecting observed spectral line intensities. We also study the evolution of charge state ratios with distance from the source region, and the temperature they indicate if ionization equilibrium is assumed. We find that virtually every charge state from every element freezes in at a different height, so that the definition of freeze-in height is ambiguous. We also find that calculated freeze-in temperatures indicated by charge state ratios from in situ measurements have little relation to the local coronal temperature of the wind source region, and stop evolving much earlier than their correspondent charge state ratio. We discuss the implication of our results on plasma diagnostics of coronal holes from spectroscopic measurements as well as on theoretical solar wind models relying on coronal temperatures.

Landi, E.; Gruesbeck, J. R.; Lepri, S. T.; Zurbuchen, T. H.; Fisk, L. A. [Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

395

Evaluation of the solar building, Albuquerque, NM. Annual progress report, March 31, 1976--April 30, 1977  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Data validation procedures and correlations are detailed as well as system performance results. The latter includes solar collection, heat pump performance, tank temperature stratification, building infiltration and system heating output/building energy requirements. The procedure to computer model the Solar Building and correlate the model with field collected data is described.

Gilman, S.F.

1977-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

396

Comparative study of different solar cooling systems for buildings in subtropical city  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, more and more attention has been paid on the application potential of solar cooling for buildings. Due to the fact that the efficiency of solar collectors is generally low at the time being, the effectiveness of solar cooling would be closely related to the availability of solar irradiation, climatic conditions and geographical location of a place. In this paper, five types of solar cooling systems were involved in a comparative study for subtropical city, which is commonly featured with long hot and humid summer. The solar cooling systems included the solar electric compression refrigeration, solar mechanical compression refrigeration, solar absorption refrigeration, solar adsorption refrigeration and solar solid desiccant cooling. Component-based simulation models of these systems were developed, and their performances were evaluated throughout a year. The key performance indicators are solar fraction, coefficient of performance, solar thermal gain, and primary energy consumption. In addition, different installation strategies and types of solar collectors were compared for each kind of solar cooling system. Through this comparative study, it was found that solar electric compression refrigeration and solar absorption refrigeration had the highest energy saving potential in the subtropical Hong Kong. The former is to make use of the solar electric gain, while the latter is to adopt the solar thermal gain. These two solar cooling systems would have even better performances through the continual advancement of the solar collectors. It will provide a promising application potential of solar cooling for buildings in the subtropical region. (author)

Fong, K.F.; Chow, T.T.; Lee, C.K.; Lin, Z.; Chan, L.S. [Division of Building Science and Technology, College of Science and Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

397

The study of pedestrian level wind at MacGregor dormitory building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study uses the Wright Brothers Wind Tunnel at MIT to study a 100:1 scaled model of the MacGregor dormitory building. The purposes are to quantify and analyze the effect of the presence of the building on pedestrian-level ...

Wannaphahoon, Teerawut (Teerawut Lim)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Production of Wind or Solar Energy on School and Public Lands (Nebraska) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Production of Wind or Solar Energy on School and Public Lands Production of Wind or Solar Energy on School and Public Lands (Nebraska) Production of Wind or Solar Energy on School and Public Lands (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Wind Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Board of Educational Lands and Funds These regulations govern the implementation and development of wind and

399

Transmission Benefits of Co-Locating Concentrating Solar Power and Wind  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In some areas of the U.S. transmission constraints are a limiting factor in deploying new wind and concentrating solar power (CSP) plants. Texas is an example of one such location, where the best wind and solar resources are in the western part of the state, while major demand centers are in the east. The low capacity factor of wind is a compounding factor, increasing the relative cost of new transmission per unit of energy actually delivered. A possible method of increasing the utilization of new transmission is to co-locate both wind and concentrating solar power with thermal energy storage. In this work we examine the benefits and limits of using the dispatachability of thermal storage to increase the capacity factor of new transmission developed to access high quality solar and wind resources in remote locations.

Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Thermal-Electric Conversion Efficiency of the Dish/AMTEC Solar Thermal Power System in Wind Condition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dish/AMTEC solar thermal power system is a newly proposed solar energy utilization system that enables the direct thermal-electric conversion. The performance of the solar dish/AMTEC system in wind condition has been theoretically evaluated in addition ... Keywords: dish/AMTEC solar thermal power system, efficiency, thermal-electric conversion, wind condition

Lan Xiao; Shuang-Ying Wu; You-Rong Li

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Turbulent Heating in the Solar Wind and in the Solar Corona  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we calculate the turbulent heating rates in the solar wind using the Kolmogorov-like MHD turbulence phenomenology with Kolmogorov's constants calculated by {\\it Verma and Bhattacharjee }[1995b,c]. We find that the turbulent heating can not account for the total heating of the nonAlfv\\'enic streams in the solar wind. We show that dissipation due to thermal conduction is also a potential heating source. Regarding the Alfv\\'enic streams, the predicted turbulent heating rates using the constants of {\\it Verma and Bhattacharjee }[1995c] are higher than the observed heating rates; the predicted dissipation rates are probably overestimates because Alfv\\'enic streams have not reached steady-state. We also compare the predicted turbulent heating rates in the solar corona with the observations; the Kolmogorov-like phenomenology predicts dissipation rates comparable to the observed heating rates in the corona [{\\it Hollweg, }% 1984], but Dobrowoly et al.'s generalized Kraichnan model yields heating rates much less than that required.

Mahendra K. Verma

1995-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

402

Turbulent Heating in the Solar Wind and in the Solar Corona  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we calculate the turbulent heating rates in the solar wind using the Kolmogorov-like MHD turbulence phenomenology with Kolmogorovs constants calculated by Verma and Bhattacharjee [1995b,c]. We find that the turbulent heating can not account for the total heating of the nonAlfvnic streams in the solar wind. We show that dissipation due to thermal conduction is also a potential heating source. Regarding the Alfvnic streams, the predicted turbulent heating rates using the constants of Verma and Bhattacharjee [1995c] are higher than the observed heating rates; the predicted dissipation rates are probably overestimates because Alfvnic streams have not reached steady-state. We also compare the predicted turbulent heating rates in the solar corona with the observations; the Kolmogorov-like phenomenology predicts dissipation rates comparable to the observed heating rates in the corona [Hollweg, 1984], but Dobrowoly et al.s generalized Kraichnan model yields heating rates much less than that required. 1 1

Mahendra K. Verma

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

DOE Solar Decathlon: Crowder College: Basking in the Sun (and Wind)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Crowder's 2005 house near the Nordtank wind turbine on campus. Crowder's 2005 house near the Nordtank wind turbine on campus. Enlarge image Together with a 65-kW wind turbine, Crowder College's Solar Decathlon 2005 and 2002 houses will provide power for the Missouri Alternative and Renewable Energy Technology Center. (Courtesy of Crowder College) Who: Crowder College What: Arts and Crafts House Where: Crowder College 601 Laclede Ave. Neosho, MO 64850 Map This House Public tours: Not available Solar Decathlon 2005 Crowder College: Basking in the Sun (and Wind) Following the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2005, the solar-powered house designed by Crowder College returned to the school's Missouri campus. It was reconstructed alongside the 2002 MUIR House on the west side of campus by a fitness trail. Both Solar Decathlon houses have been used for public tours as well as for

404

Low cost performance evaluation of passive solar buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An approach to low-cost instrumentation and performance evaluation of passive solar heated buildings is presented. Beginning with a statement of the need for a low-cost approach, a minimum list of measured quantities necessary to compute a set of recommended performance factors is developed. Conflicts and confusion surrounding the definition of various performance factors are discussed and suggestions are made for dealing with this situation. Available instrumentation and data processing equipment is presented. The recommended system would monitor approximately ten variables and compute numerous performance factors on site at a projected system cost of less than $3,000 per installation.

Palmiter, L.S.; Hamilton, L.B.; Holtz, M.J.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Solar energy dehumidification experiment on the Citicorp Center building : final report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The technical and economic feasibility of using solar energy to reduce conventional energy consumption of a large urban commercial building were studied in depth. Specifically, solar assisted dehumidification of ventillation ...

Unknown author

406

Making Cents Out of Solar: Put More Power Into Your Building Plans (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This is a brochure developed specifically for residential home builders. It provides information on basic solar facts, selling tips, and important resources when incorporating solar technologies into building plans.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Conversion system overview assessment. Volume II. Solar-wind hybrid systems  

SciTech Connect

Solar-wind hybrid systems are discussed. It is shown that there are large areas in the United States where solar and wind resources are comparable in magnitude and there are diurnal and seasonal complementarities which offer the potential for cost-effective hybrid systems. There are also distinct engineering features of the two conversion technologies. Electric power generation from wind is straightforward and cost-effective, whereas solar thermal conversion to generate heat is more cost-effective than to generate electricity. Examples of hybrid systems utilizing these features in total energy applications are presented.

Jayadev, T. S.; Henderson, J.; Bingham, C.

1979-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Wind and Solar Resource Assessment of Sri Lanka and the Maldives (CD-ROM)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Wind and Solar Resource Assessment of Sri Lanka and the Maldives CD contains an electronic version of Wind Energy Resource Atlas of Sri Lanka and the Maldives (NREL/TP-500-34518), Solar Resource Assessment for Sri Lanka and the Maldives (NREL/TO-710-34645), Sri Lanka Wind Farm Analysis and Site Selection Assistance (NREL/SR-500-34646), GIS Data Viewer (software and data files with a readme file), and Hourly Solar and Typical Meteorological Year Data with a readme file.

Elliott, D.; Schwartz, M.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; George, R.

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Wind response of a tall building with full-scale observations  

SciTech Connect

A 22-story hotel is the subject of a full-scale experimental study conducted as the second phase of a project addressing the wind-induced response of tall buildings. The first phase of this study investigated a 16-story office building. The observations of wind loading and building response obtained at the hotel site reflect similar behavior as was observed at the office building. Consequently, the second phase serves to reinforce and generalize the findings of the phase one study. The results illustrate the significance of wind-induced response for buildings of intermediate height. Based on estimated thresholds of human perceptibility combined with predictions of maximum building response from a theoretical analysis, clearly perceptible wind-induced motion is expected to occur annually at the hotel. Yet, motion will not be sufficient intensity to be unpleasant. A similar analysis suggests that building response will also produce some non-structural damage on an annual basis. 3 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Mills, R.S. (California State Univ., Chico, CA (United States))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

SOLAR IRRADIANCE FORECASTING FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the fluctuating wind and solar resources an indispensable necessity. Any efficient imple- mentation of wind-alone photovoltaic or wind energy systems, control systems in buildings, control of solar thermal power plants time constants. For example, an operation of a PV-diesel system needs information in the very short

Heinemann, Detlev

411

A methodology to assess the influence of local wind conditions and building orientation on the convective heat transfer at building surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information on the statistical mean convective heat transfer coefficient (CHTC"S"M) for a building surface, which represents the temporally-averaged CHTC over a long time span (e.g. the lifetime of the building), could be useful for example for the optimisation ... Keywords: Building facade, Building orientation, CFD, Convective heat transfer coefficient, Low-Reynolds number modelling, RANS, Wind climate

Thijs Defraeye; Jan Carmeliet

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Searching for the Optimal Mix of Solar and Efficiency in Zero Net Energy Buildings: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Zero net energy buildings employ efficiency to reduce energy consumption and solar technologies to produce as much energy on site as is consumed on an annual basis.

Horowitz, S.; Christensen, C.; Anderson, R.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Building a Better Battery...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Lodging & Housing Transportation News Feature Archive Building a Better Battery for Renewable Energy Storage By Glenn Roberts Jr. October 25, 2012 Solar, wind and...

414

U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2013 Building Code  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BUILDING CODE BUILDING CODE Last Updated: May 14, 2013 U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2013 Draft Building Code i May 14, 2013 Contents Section 1. Introduction ............................................................................................................................................................. 1 Section 2. Adopted Codes ........................................................................................................................................................ 1 Section 3. Building Planning and Construction .............................................................................................................. 1 3-1. Fire Protection and Prevention ................................................................................................................................. 1

415

Impacts of Wind and Solar on Fossil-Fueled Generators: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Impacts of Wind and Solar on Fossil-Fueled Generators Preprint D. Lew and G. Brinkman National Renewable Energy Laboratory N. Kumar, P. Besuner, D. Agan, and S. Lefton Intertek...

416

Low-dimensionality and predictability of solar wind and global magnetosphere during magnetic storms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The storm index SYM-H, the solar wind velocity v, and interplanetary magnetic field Bz show no signatures of low-dimensional dynamics in quiet periods, but tests for determinism in the time series indicate that SYM-H exhibits a significant low-dimensional component during storm time, suggesting that self-organization takes place during magnetic storms. Even though our analysis yields no discernible change in determinism during magnetic storms for the solar wind parameters, there are significant enhancement of the predictability and exponents measuring persistence. Thus, magnetic storms are typically preceded by an increase in the persistence of the solar wind dynamics, and this increase is also present in the magnetospheric response to the solar wind.

Zivkovic, Tatjana

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Analysis of Spatiotemporal Balancing between Wind and Solar Energy Resources in the Southern Iberian Peninsula  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electricity from wind and, to a lesser extent, solar energy is intermittent and not controllable. Unlike conventional power generation, therefore, this electricity is not suitable to supply base-load electric power. In the future, with greater ...

F. J. Santos-Alamillos; D. Pozo-Vzquez; J. A. Ruiz-Arias; V. Lara-Fanego; J. Tovar-Pescador

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Look to the Right, Kids: Five Solar/Wind Hybrids | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Act funds to deploy wind-solar units. Five units to supply up to 20% of township hall's electricity. The highly visible Michigan-manufactured units were installed along...

419

New Battery Design Could Help Solar and Wind Power the Grid | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Battery Design Could Help Solar and Wind Power the Grid Battery Design Could Help Solar and Wind Power the Grid New Battery Design Could Help Solar and Wind Power the Grid April 24, 2013 - 4:20pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University have designed a low-cost, long-life "flow" battery that could enable solar and wind energy to become major suppliers to the electrical grid. The research, led by Yi Cui, a Stanford associate professor and member of the Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, is a product of the new Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR), a DOE Energy Innovation Hub. Led by Argonne National Laboratory, with SLAC as major partner, JCESR is one of five such Hubs created by the Department to

420

Geek-Up[4.29.2011]: Boosting the Efficiency of Wind and Solar Power |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Geek-Up[4.29.2011]: Boosting the Efficiency of Wind and Solar Power Geek-Up[4.29.2011]: Boosting the Efficiency of Wind and Solar Power Geek-Up[4.29.2011]: Boosting the Efficiency of Wind and Solar Power April 29, 2011 - 5:14pm Addthis Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs It's a big month for the National Wind Technology Center. Earlier this week, the Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) commemorated the successful installation and full capacity operation of a 3 megawatt Alstom ECO 100 wind turbine at the center. As part of a long-term collaboration between NREL and Alstom, engineers from the two institutions will perform a series of analyses and tests to evaluate Alstom's unique drive train configuration technology. After this initial testing is complete, the joint team will continue

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Clark County - Solar and Wind Building Permit Guides | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Local Government Science & Innovation Science & Technology Science Education Innovation Energy Sources Energy Usage Energy Efficiency Mission News & Blog Maps Data About Us For...

422

Evaluation of the Solar Building, Albuquerque, New Mexico: instrumentation of building and system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The instrumentation used to obtain data on the Solar Building, Albuquerque, New Mexico during the period November, 1974, through April, 1976 is described. Attention is focused on the types of instrumentation used: their principles of operation, sensitivity, range and where pertinent, installation. Locations of sensors are identified, so far as this pertains to obtaining accurate and adequate data. A list of sensors monitored in the third period is presented, as an example in appendix A. For convenience, the physical quantities measured and the type of instrument used to measure each are presented. The nature of the output from the instrument and the normal method of recording that output are also given.

Wildin, M.W.; McLaughlin, E.R.; Gilman, S.F.

1976-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment in Nepal | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in Nepal in Nepal Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Global Horizontal Solar Irradiance is developed based on a linear regression model that has been developed to correlate the theoretical and ground measured solar irradiance on the basis of available ground measured Global Horizontal Solar Irradiance at three locations: a) Syangboche (Solukhumbu) b) Pulchowk (Lalitpur) and c) Prakashpur (Sunsari). These locations represent the three different geographical regions: Mountain, Hill and Plain. The model is used for converting the theoretical Global Horizontal Solar Irradiance to actual solar irradiance in 15 meteorological stations spread throughout the country. Interpolating the data obtained at these stations, a map has been developed using ArcView GIS software. The existing methodology for projecting wind speedat 2m height from DHM meteorological station data to 10m height, shows a deviated figures. In other to develop wind map, valid methodology is required which can project the low height wind speed to higher heights. The projected data (Thini and Thakmarpha) when

424

DOE Hydrogen Program Record 5011 - Hydrogen Potential from Solar and Wind Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Hydrogen Program Record Record #: 5011 Date: December 15, 2005 Title: Hydrogen Potential from Solar and Wind Resources Items: - Data/resource maps indicate that the potential exists to use wind and solar resources to produce more than 15 times the amount of hydrogen needed to displace the petroleum used by light duty vehicles in 2040. - About one billion metric tons of hydrogen could be produced by renewable electrolysis annually, based upon solar and wind resource potential. - The other three solar pathways - thermochemical, photoelectrochemical, and photobiological - would have similar or possibly higher productivity per unit of land area. Data: Figure 1: Hydrogen Potential from Solar Resources Note: Map shows total kilograms of hydrogen per county, normalized by

425

The Structure of the Solar Wind in the Inner Heliosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

during the Halloween solar storm . Energetic particle eventsAR) 10720. For the same solar storm, the models also did notaround 2001), some solar storms caused by coronal mass

Lee, Christina On-Yee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

More Than 350 Now at Work Building CA Valley Solar Plant | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Than 350 Now at Work Building CA Valley Solar Plant More Than 350 Now at Work Building CA Valley Solar Plant More Than 350 Now at Work Building CA Valley Solar Plant February 27, 2012 - 12:13pm Addthis The California Valley Solar Ranch facility is creating clean energy jobs in San Luis Obispo County, California. Sonia Taylor Loan Programs Office What are the key facts? About 350 skilled workers are busy constructing the 250-megawatt California Valley Solar Ranch. The facility is expected to avoid over 425,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide annually. Once operational, the new solar facility is expected to provide enough clean electricity to power 64,000 homes. Last fall, the Energy Department finalized a $1.2 billion loan guarantee in support of the California Valley Solar Ranch (CVSR) -- a new solar facility in San Luis Obispo County, California.

427

Photo of the Week: Cold as Ice - Using Titan to Build More Efficient Wind  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cold as Ice - Using Titan to Build More Cold as Ice - Using Titan to Build More Efficient Wind Turbines Photo of the Week: Cold as Ice - Using Titan to Build More Efficient Wind Turbines January 10, 2014 - 2:53pm Addthis Wind energy is one of the world's fast-growing energy sources -- and many of the regions that could benefit from wind energy happen to be in cold climates. Since 2005, scientists at GE Global Research have been researching, developing and testing materials in freezing conditions. By developing more efficient materials for wind turbines, researchers can increase turbine efficiency and reduce potential downtime for wind turbines in cold climates. The teams use Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Titan, the world's most powerful supercomputer, to simulate hundreds of water droplets as they freeze, with each droplet containing one million molecules. By simulating and studying how water freezes on a molecular level, scientists are gaining an understanding of how ice forms, which will help them design better, more efficient materials for these colder climates. Pictured here is an illustration of a single water droplet, filled with molecules freezing in slow motion. Learn more about their research here. | Photo/visualization courtesy of M. Matheson, Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

428

An investigation of wind loads on solar collectors. Appendix II - net pressure coefficients. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A wind-tunnel study of a series of model solar-collector installations (flat-plate collectors) immersed in a thick turbulent shear layer was undertaken in order to determine design wind loads on such installations. Wind tunnel measurements were made of the mean and fluctuating pressures on a model of a single flat-plate collector which was a component of different multi-panel installations. The pressures were spatially integrated over the top and bottom of the single collector separately.

Tieleman, H.W.; Akins, R.E.; Sparks, P.R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Configuration of a genetic algorithm for multi-objective optimisation of solar gain to buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the formulation and implementation of a genetic algorithm to address multi-objective optimisation of solar gain to buildings with the goal of minimising energy consumption and hence limiting carbon emissions. Heuristic optimisation approaches ... Keywords: buildings, carbon, design optimisation, parameter selection, solar gain

Ralph Evins

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Additional solar/load ratio correlations for direct gain buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Solar/load ratio (SLR) correlations have been developed for two new reference direct gain designs. The new reference designs are identical to the originals except that the glazing air gap has been increased from 1/4 in. to 1/2 in. and a vector average of the local hourly windspeed was used in the thermal network calculations rather than an assumed average value of 15 m.p.h. Both of these modifications are realistic and enhance the predicted performance of direct gain buildings. A comprehensive set of mass sensitivity calculations has been performed in order to provide information needed to select an appropriate set of parameters for new lightweight direct gain designs for which additional SLR correlations will be developed. Representative results are reported.

Wray, W.O.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Mutual information between geomagnetic indices and the solar wind as seen by WIND - implications for propagation time estimates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The determination of delay times of solar wind conditions at the sunward libration point to effects on Earth is investigated using mutual information. This measures the amount of information shared between two timeseries. We consider the mutual information content of solar wind observations, from WIND, and the geomagnetic indices. The success of five commonly used schemes for estimating interplanetary propagation times is examined. Propagation assuming a fixed plane normal at 45 degrees to the GSE x-axis (i.e. the Parker Spiral estimate) is found to give optimal mutual information. The mutual information depends on the point in space chosen as the target for the propagation estimate, and we find that it is maximized by choosing a point in the nightside rather than dayside magnetosphere. In addition, we employ recurrence plot analysis to visualize contributions to the mutual information, this suggests that it appears on timescales of hours rather than minutes.

T. K. March; S. C. Chapman; R. O. Dendy

2005-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

432

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study: The Effects of Wind and Solar Power…Induced Cycling on Wear-and-Tear Costs and Emissions (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wind and Solar Power- Wind and Solar Power- Induced Cycling on Wear-and-Tear Costs and Emissions Results From the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 The electric grid is a highly complex, interconnected machine. Changing one part of the grid can have consequences elsewhere. Adding variable renewable generation such as wind and solar power affects the operation of conventional power plants, and adding high penetrations can induce cycling of fossil-fueled generators. Cycling leads to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions. Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS-2) was initiated to determine the wear-and-tear costs and emissions impacts of cycling and to simulate grid operations to investigate the detailed impact of wind and solar power on

433

Improved Electrical Load Match In California By Combining Solar Thermal Power Plants with Wind Farms  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

California with its hydro, geothermal, wind, and solar energy is the second largest producer of renewable electricity in the United States (Washington state is the largest producer of renewable energy electricity due to high level of hydro power). Replacing fossil fuel electrical generation with renewable energy electrical generation will decrease the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere which will slow down the rapid increase in global warming (a goal of the California state government). However, in order for a much larger percentage of the total electrical generation in California to be from renewable energies like wind and solar, a better match between renewable energy generation and utility electrical load is required. Using wind farm production data and predicted production from a solar thermal power plant (with and without six hours of storage), a comparison was made between the renewable energy generation and the current utility load in California. On a monthly basis, wind farm generated electricity at the three major wind farm areas in California (Altamont Pass, east of San Francisco Bay area; Tehachapi Pass in the high desert between Tehachapi and Mojave; and San Gorgonio Pass in the low desert near Palm Springs) matches the utility load well during the highest electrical load months (May through September). Prediction of solar thermal power plant output also indicates a good match with utility load during these same high load months. Unfortunately, the hourly wind farm output during the day is not a very good match to the utility electrical load (i.e. in spring and summer the lowest wind speed generally occurs during mid-day when utility load is highest). If parabolic trough solar thermal power plants are installed in the Mojave Desert (similar to the 354 MW of plants that have been operating in Mojave Desert since 1990) then the solar electrical generation will help balance out the wind farm generation since highest solar generated electricity will be during mid-day. Adding six hours of solar thermal storage improved the utility load match significantly in the evening and reliability was also improved. Storage improves reliability because electrical production can remain at a high level even when there are lulls in the wind or clouds decrease the solar energy striking the parabolic trough mirrors. The solar energy from Mojave Desert and wind energy in the major wind farm areas are not a good match to utility load during the winter in California, but if the number of wind farms were increased east of San Diego, then the utility renewable energy match would be improved (this is because the wind energy is highest during the winter in this area). Currently in California, wind electrical generation only contributes 1.8% of total electricity and solar electrical generation only contributes 0.2%. Combining wind farms and solar thermal power plants with storage would allow a large percentage of the electrical load in California to be met by wind and solar energy due to a better match with utility load than by either renewable resource separately.

Vick, B. D.; Clark, R. N.; Mehos, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

City of Santa Monica - Building Permit Fee Waiver for Solar Projects |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » City of Santa Monica - Building Permit Fee Waiver for Solar Projects City of Santa Monica - Building Permit Fee Waiver for Solar Projects < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Installer/Contractor Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Water Heating Program Info State California Program Type Green Building Incentive Provider City of Santa Monica In early 2002, the City of Santa Monica began waiving building permit fees for solar energy systems. In December 2008, after months of working with industry trainers, solar contractors and staff from the Solar Santa Monica office, the city released their [http://www.solarsantamonica.com/documents/PVSubmittalRequirement2010.pdf

435

Building a market for small wind: The break-even turnkey cost of residential wind systems in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

project. References American Wind Energy Association (2002).of the American Wind Energy Association WindPower 2002Washington, DC: American Wind Energy Association; 8 pp. ;

Edwards, Jennifer L.; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Forsyth, Trudy

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Solar heating and cooling of residential buildings: sizing, installation and operation of systems. 1980 edition  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This manual was prepared as a text for a training course on solar heating and cooling of residential buildings. The course and text are directed toward sizing, installation, operation, and maintenance of solar systems for space heating and hot water supply, and solar cooling is treated only briefly. (MHR)

None

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Wind effects on convective heat loss from a cavity receiver for a parabolic concentrating solar collector  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Tests were performed to determine the convective heat loss characteristics of a cavity receiver for a parabolid dish concentrating solar collector for various tilt angles and wind speeds of 0-24 mph. Natural (no wind) convective heat loss from the receiver is the highest for a horizontal receiver orientation and negligible with the reveler facing straight down. Convection from the receiver is substantially increased by the presence of side-on wind for all receiver tilt angles. For head-on wind, convective heat loss with the receiver facing straight down is approximately the same as that for side-on wind. Overall it was found that for wind speeds of 20--24 mph, convective heat loss from the receiver can be as much as three times that occurring without wind.

Ma, R.Y. [California State Polytechnic Univ., Pomoma, CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Energy and Buildings, 8 (1985) 105 -122 105 Temperature-and Wind-induced Air Flow Patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy and Buildings, 8 (1985) 105 - 122 105 Temperature- and Wind-induced Air Flow Patterns measurements, wind pressure data and air infiltration calculation. INTRODUCTION Studies on the energy,B. DICKINSON,D. GRIMSRUDand R. LIPSCHUTZ Energy Performance of Buildings Group, Energy and Environment Division

439

Modeling the Young Sun's Solar Wind and its Interaction with Earth's Paleomagnetosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a focused parameter study of solar wind - magnetosphere interaction for the young Sun and Earth, $~3.5$ Ga ago, that relies on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations for both the solar wind and the magnetosphere. By simulating the quiescent young Sun and its wind we are able to propagate the MHD simulations up to Earth's magnetosphere and obtain a physically realistic solar forcing of it. We assess how sensitive the young solar wind is to changes in the coronal base density, sunspot placement and magnetic field strength, dipole magnetic field strength and the Sun's rotation period. From this analysis we obtain a range of plausible solar wind conditions the paleomagnetosphere may have been subject to. Scaling relationships from the literature suggest that a young Sun would have had a mass flux different from the present Sun. We evaluate how the mass flux changes with the aforementioned factors and determine the importance of this and several other key solar and magnetospheric variables with respect t...

Sterenborg, M Glenn; Drake, Jeremy J; Gombosi, Tamas I; 10.1029/2010JA016036

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Monthly Diurnal Global Atmospheric Circuit Estimates Derived from Vostok Electric Field Measurements Adjusted for Local Meteorological and Solar Wind Influences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Local temperature, wind speed, pressure, and solar windimposed influences on the vertical electric field observed at Vostok, Antarctica, are evaluated by multivariate analysis. Local meteorology can influence electric field measurements via local ...

G. B. Burns; B. A. Tinsley; A. V. Frank-Kamenetsky; O. A. Troshichev; W. J. R. French; A. R. Klekociuk

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building wind solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Computer Simulation of Cooling Effect of Wind Tower on Passively Ventilated Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditional buildings are cooled and ventilated by mechanically induced drafts. Natural ventilation aspires to cool and ventilate a building by natural means, such as cross ventilation or wind towers, without mechanical equipment. A simple computer program was developed to simulate airflow through a wind tower based on tower dimensions and air temperature. The program was compared to experimental results with reasonable agreement. Parametric analysis indicates that interior air temperature approaches outdoor air temperature asymptotically as tower height and cross-sectional area are increased, and that it may be more cost effective to increase the tower?s height than its cross sectional area. The program was then used to simulate hour-by-hour indoor air temperatures of an occupied auditorium in Dayton, OH. The results indicate that a large wind tower was able to keep the temperature of an occupied auditorium at a comfortable level year round.

Seryak, J.; Kissock, J. K.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

DOE Solar Decathlon: Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Building...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar 7 house on display at the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2007 on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Enlarge image Solar 7 embodies traditional New England style...

443

Novel Control of PV Solar and Wind Farm Inverters as STATCOM for Increasing Connectivity of Distributed Generators.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The integration of distributed generators (DGs) such as wind farms and PV solar farms in distribution networks is getting severely constrained due to problems of (more)

AC, Mahendra

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.8 Active Solar Systems  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 Thermal Solar Collector Manufacturer Statistics - Number of Manufacturers in 2008: 88 - Companies with 90% of their revenue coming from solar collector sales: 56 - Percentage of...

445

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Raymaps Solar Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy requirement of a household and based upon that calculates the number of solar panels and batteries required by the solar system. The application contains the default...

446

DOE Solar Decathlon: Building Industry Day Workshop Summaries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Behind Solar LED This workshop provided an introduction to solar LED (light-emitting diode) lighting technology and addressed current and potential applications in...

447

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SUN_CHART Solar Design...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SUNCHART Solar Design Software SUNCHART Solar Design Software logo. Calculates and screen plots both cylindrical and polar suncharts for any desired latitude. A sunchart is a map...

448

EVIDENCE FOR POLAR X-RAY JETS AS SOURCES OF MICROSTREAM PEAKS IN THE SOLAR WIND  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is proposed that the interplanetary manifestations of X-ray jets observed in solar polar coronal holes during periods of low solar activity are the peaks of the so-called microstreams observed in the fast polar solar wind. These microstreams exhibit velocity fluctuations of {+-}35 km s{sup -1}, higher kinetic temperatures, slightly higher proton fluxes, and slightly higher abundances of the low-first-ionization-potential element iron relative to oxygen ions than the average polar wind. Those properties can all be explained if the fast microstreams result from the magnetic reconnection of bright-point loops, which leads to X-ray jets which, in turn, result in solar polar plumes. Because most of the microstream peaks are bounded by discontinuities of solar origin, jets are favored over plumes for the majority of the microstream peaks.

Neugebauer, Marcia, E-mail: mneugeb@lpl.arizona.edu [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Altered solar wind- magnetosphere interaction at low Mach numbers: coronal mass ejections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We illustrate some fundamental alterations of the solar wind magnetosphere interaction that occur during low Mach number solar wind. We first show that low Mach number solar wind conditions are often characteristic of coronal mass ejections (CME), and magnetic clouds in particular. We then illustrate the pivotal role of the magnetosheath. This comes from the fact that low Mach number solar wind leads to the formation of a low thermal ? magnetosheath downstream of the bow shock. This property influences magnetic forces and currents, in particular, and in turn alters magnetosheath magnetosphere coupling. The implications of this unusual regime of interaction have generally been overlooked. Potentially affected phenomena include: (1) asymmetric magnetosheath flows (with substantial enhancements); (2) asymmetric magnetopause and magnetotail shapes; (3) changes in the development of the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability and giant spiral auroral features; (4) variations in the controlling factors of dayside magnetic reconnection; (5) cross polar cap potential saturation and Alfvn wings; and (6) global sawtooth oscillations. Here we examine these phenomena, primarily by use of global magneto-hydrodynamic simulations, and discuss the mechanisms that rule such an altered interaction. We emphasize the fact that all these effects tend to occur simultaneously so as to render the solar wind magnetosphere interaction drastically different from the more typical high Mach number case. In addition to the more extensively studied inner magnetosphere and magnetotail processes, these effects may have important implications during CME-driven storms at Earth, as well as at other astronomical bodies such as Mercury. 1.

Benoit Lavraud; Joseph E. Borovsky

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

NEW SOLAR WIND DIAGNOSTIC USING BOTH IN SITU AND SPECTROSCOPIC MEASUREMENTS  

SciTech Connect

We develop a new diagnostic technique that utilizes, at the same time, two completely different types of observations-in situ determinations of solar wind charge states and high-resolution spectroscopy of the inner solar corona-in order to study the temperature, density, and velocity of the solar wind as a function of height in the inner corona below the plasma freeze-in point. This technique relies on the ability to calculate the evolution of the ion charge composition as the solar wind escapes the Sun given the wind temperature, density, and velocity profiles as a function of distance. The resulting charge state composition can be used to predict frozen-in charge states as well as spectral line intensities. The predicted spectra and ion charge compositions can be compared with observations carried out when spectrometers and in situ instruments are in quadrature configuration to quantitatively test a set of assumptions regarding density, temperature, and velocity profiles in the low corona. Such a comparison can be used in two ways. If the input profiles are predicted by a theoretical solar wind model, this technique allows the benchmarking of the model. Otherwise, an empirical determination of the velocity, temperature, and density profiles can be achieved below the plasma freeze-in point applying a trial-and-error procedure to initial, user-specified profiles. To demonstrate this methodology, we have applied this technique to a state-of-the-art coronal hole and equatorial streamer model.

Landi, E.; Gruesbeck, J. R.; Lepri, S. T.; Zurbuchen, T. H. [Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

451

Studying Complexity in Solar Wind Plasma During Shock Events. Part I: Nonextensive Tsallis Statistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Novel results which reveal phase transition processes in the solar wind plasma during shock events are presented in this study which is the first part of a trilogy concerning the solar wind complexity. Solar wind plasma is a typical case of stochastic spatiotemporal distribution of physical magnitudes such as force fields (B, E) and matter fields (particle and current densities or bulk plasma distributions). The results of this study can be understood in the framework of modern theoretical concepts such as non-extensive statistical mechanics (Tsallis, 2009), fractal topology (Zelenyi and Milovanov, 2004), turbulence theory (Frisch,1996), strange dynamics (Zaslavsky, 2002), percolation theory (Milovanov, 1997), anomalous diffusion theory and anomalous transport theory (Milovanov, 2001), fractional dynamics (Tarasov, 2007) and non-equilibrium phase transition theory (Chang, 1992). This study shows clearly the non-extensive and non-Gaussian character of the solar wind plasma and the existence of multi-scale strong correlations from the microscopic to the macroscopic level. This result indicates the inefficiency of classical MHD or plasma statistical theories based on the classical central limit theorem to explain the complexity of the solar wind dynamics, since these theories include smooth and differentiable spatial-temporal functions (MHD theory) or Gaussian statistics (Boltzmann-Maxwell statistical mechanics). However, the results of this study indicate the presence of non-Gaussian non-extensive statistics with heavy tails probability distribution functions, which are related to the q-extension of central limit theorem.

G. P. Pavlos; A. C. Iliopoulos; G. N. Zastenker; L. M. Zelenyi; L. P. Karakatsanis; M. Riazantseva; M. N. Xenakis; E. G. Pavlos

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Petascale Simulations of Inhomogeneous Alfven Turbulence in the Solar Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A snapshot of turbulent magnetic field lines (red) inside a coronal hole that expands from a small patch on the solar surface to 5 solar radii A snapshot of turbulent magnetic field lines (red) inside a coronal hole that expands from a small patch on the solar surface to 5 solar radii A snapshot of turbulent magnetic field lines (red) inside a coronal hole that expands from a small patch on the solar surface to 5 solar radii. Alfven waves (AW), launched by convective motions on the photosphere, propagate in the inhomogeneous Solar atmosphere producing primary reflected waves that interact non-linearly with the outward waves, driving a turbulent cascade. This cascade continues with secondary reflections in a very complex interplay between wave reflections and nonlinear interactions. Selected slices across the simulation domain show contours of plasma current, indicating the generation of small scale structures where the

453

Assessment of solar-powered cooling of buildings. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Three solar-powered cooling concepts are analyzed and evaluated. These are: (1) the solar Rankine concept in which a Rankine cycle driven by solar energy is used to drive a vapor compression refrigeration machine, (2) the solar-assisted Rankine concept in which a Rankine cycle driven by both solar energy and fuel combustion is used to drive a vapor compression refrigeration machine, and (3) the solar absorption concept in which solar energy is used to drive an absorption refrigeration machine. These concepts are compared on the bases of coefficient of performance, requirements for primary fuel input, and economic considerations. Conclusions and recommendations are presented. (WHK)

Curran, H.M.

1975-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Passive Solar Design: The Foundation for Low-Energy Federal Buildings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This fact sheet updates a similar one published in 1996 for the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program. It is part of a series of fact sheets on ways that the Federal government can incorporate new energy efficiency, solar energy, and other renewable energy technologies in buildings and other facilities to save on energy costs and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This fact sheet describes strategies for implementing passive solar features--such as south-facing windows, daylighting, and thermal mass--into new building designs and retrofits. It also discusses how to design and build low-energy, sustainable buildings by using a whole-building approach to the design process. In this approach, designers not only use passive solar techniques, they also create a design that makes the most of the complex ways that a building's occupants, components, and materials connect and interact in order to achieve the greatest possible comfort and energy efficiency.

Zachmann, W.; Pitchford, P.

2000-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

455

New York City - Green Building Requirements for Municipal Buildings |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Building Requirements for Municipal Buildings Green Building Requirements for Municipal Buildings New York City - Green Building Requirements for Municipal Buildings < Back Eligibility Local Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Bioenergy Solar Windows, Doors, & Skylights Buying & Making Electricity Water Water Heating Wind Program Info State New York Program Type Energy Standards for Public Buildings Provider Mayor's Office of Operations In 2005 New York City passed a law (Local Law No. 86) making a variety of green building and energy efficiency requirements for municipal buildings and other projects funded with money from the city treasury. The building

456

Wind | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Wind Home Dc's picture Submitted by Dc(15) Member 15 November, 2013 - 13:26 Living Walls ancient building system architect biomimicry building technology cooling cu daylight design problem energy use engineer fred andreas geothermal green building heat transfer heating living walls metabolic adjustment net zero pre-electricity Renewable Energy Solar university of colorado utility grid Wind Much of the discussion surrounding green buildings centers around reducing energy use. The term net zero is the platinum standard for green buildings, meaning the building in question does not take any more energy from the utility grid than it produces using renewable energy resources, such as solar, wind, or geothermal installations (and sometimes these renewable energy resources actually feed energy back to the utility grid).

457

Feasibility Study for Photovoltaics, Wind, solar Hot Water and Hybrid Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute (SIPI) located in Albuquerque New Mexico is a community college that serves American Indians and Alaska Natives. SIPIs student body represents over 100 Native American Tribes. SIPI completed a renewable energy feasibility study program and established renewable energy hardware on the SIPI campus, which supplements and creates an educational resource to teach renewable energy courses. The SIPI campus is located, and has as student origins, areas, in which power is an issue in remote reservations. The following hardware was installed and integrated into the campus facilities: small wind turbine, large photovoltaic array that is grid-connected, two photovoltaic arrays, one thin film type, and one polycrystalline type, one dual-axis active tracker and one passive tracker, a hot air system for heating a small building, a portable hybrid photovoltaic system for remote power, and a hot water system to preheat water used in the SIPI Child Care facility. Educational curriculum has been developed for two renewable energy courses one being the study of energy production and use, and especially the roles renewable energy forms like solar, wind, geothermal, hydro, and biomass plays, and the second course being a more advanced in-depth study of renewable energy system design, maintenance, installation, and applications. Both courses rely heavily on experiential learning techniques so that installed renewable energy hardware is continuously utilized in hand-on laboratory activities and are part of the Electronics program of studies. Renewable energy technologies and science has also been included in other SIPI programs of study such as Environmental Science, Natural Resources, Agriculture, Engineering, Network Management, and Geospatial Technology.

Hooks, Ronald; Montoya, Valerie

2008-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

458

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment - Kenya Country Report | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Kenya Country Report - Kenya Country Report Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): The Kenya Country Report describes the energy situation in Kenys and identifies solar and wind energy opportunities. (Purpose): To influence investment decisions by promoting and supporting renewable energy by overcoming informational barriers in solar and wind energy financing. Source Daniel Theuri - SWERA National Team Date Released November 23rd, 2008 (6 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords documentation Kenya renewable energy solar SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 9.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2008 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment

459

Fluidic: Grid-Scale Batteries for Wind and Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fluidic: Grid-Scale Batteries for Wind and Solar Fluidic: Grid-Scale Batteries for Wind and Solar Fluidic: Grid-Scale Batteries for Wind and Solar February 27, 2013 - 5:42pm Addthis Andrew Gumbiner Contractor, Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy. FLUIDIC: Metal Air Recharged from DOE ARPA-E on Vimeo. Our nation's modern electric grid is limited in its ability to store excess energy for on-demand power. As a result, electricity must be generated on a constant basis to perfectly match demand. Grid-scale storage technologies have the potential to shift this dynamic, revolutionizing how our grid uses and distributes energy. Reliable, high-performing storage technologies could provide a considerable amount of power on very short demand, lowering costs to utilities and consumers alike. These powerful technologies would enable renewable sources of energy -

460

Small-scale anisotropy and intermittency in high and low-latitude solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze low and high--latitude fast solar wind data from the Ulysses spacecraft from 1992 to 1994 using a a systematic method to analyse the anisotropic content of the magnetic field fluctuations. We investigate all available frequencies, 1-10^{-6} Hz, for both high and low--latitudes datasets and are able to quantify the relative importance of the anisotropic versus the isotropic fluctuations. We analyse, up to sixth order, longitudinal, transverse and mixed magnetic field correlations. Our results show that strongly intermittent and anisotropic events are present in the solar wind plasma at high frequencies/small scales, indicating the absence of a complete recovery of isotropy. Anisotropic scaling properties are compatible for high and low--latitude data, suggesting a universal behaviour in spite of the different rate of evolution of the fast solar wind streams in the two environments.

A. Bigazzi; L. Biferale; S. M. A. Gama; M. Velli

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

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461

THIRD MOMENTS AND THE ROLE OF ANISOTROPY FROM VELOCITY SHEAR IN THE SOLAR WIND  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have extended the recent analyses of magnetohydrodynamic third moments as they relate to the turbulent energy cascade in the solar wind to consider the effects of large-scale shear flows. Moments from a large set of Advanced Composition Explorer data have been taken, and chosen data intervals are characterized by the rate of change in the solar wind speed. Mean dissipation rates are obtained in accordance with the predictions of homogeneous shear-driven turbulence. Agreement with predictions is best made for rarefaction intervals where the solar wind speed is decreasing with time. For decreasing speed intervals, we find that the dissipation rates increase with increasing shear magnitude and that the shear-induced fluctuation anisotropy is consistent with a relatively small amount.

Stawarz, Joshua E.; Vasquez, Bernard J.; Smith, Charles W. [Physics Department, Space Science Center, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (United States); Forman, Miriam A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States); Klewicki, Joseph, E-mail: jek32@cisunix.unh.edu, E-mail: Bernie.Vasquez@unh.edu, E-mail: Charles.Smith@unh.edu, E-mail: Miriam.Forman@sunysb.edu, E-mail: Joe.Klewicki@unh.edu [Mechanical Engineering Department, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (United States)

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

462

FRAME DEPENDENCE OF THE ELECTRIC FIELD SPECTRUM OF SOLAR WIND TURBULENCE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the first survey of electric field data using the ARTEMIS spacecraft in the solar wind to study inertial range turbulence. It was found that the average perpendicular spectral index of the electric field depends on the frame of measurement. In the spacecraft frame it is -5/3, which matches the magnetic field due to the large solar wind speed in Lorentz transformation. In the mean solar wind frame, the electric field is primarily due to the perpendicular velocity fluctuations and has a spectral index slightly shallower than -3/2, which is close to the scaling of the velocity. These results are an independent confirmation of the difference in scaling between the velocity and magnetic field, which is not currently well understood. The spectral index of the compressive fluctuations was also measured and found to be close to -5/3, suggesting that they are not only passive to the velocity but may also interact nonlinearly with the magnetic field.

Chen, C. H. K.; Bale, S. D.; Salem, C.; Mozer, F. S., E-mail: chen@ssl.berkeley.edu [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2011-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

463

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Energy Efficiency of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2 An examination of how wind and solar power affect operations, costs, and emissions from fossil-fueled generators The electric grid is a highly complex, interconnected machine. Changing one part of the grid can have consequences elsewhere. Adding variable renewable generation such as wind and solar power affects the operation of the other types of power plants, and adding high penetrations can induce cycling of fossil-fueled generators. Cycling leads to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions, but do those increases in costs and emissions from cycling negate the overall benefits of integrating renewables?

464

Small-scale anisotropy and intermittency in high and low-latitude solar wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze low and high--latitude fast solar wind data from the Ulysses spacecraft from 1992 to 1994 using a a systematic method to analyse the anisotropic content of the magnetic field fluctuations. We investigate all available frequencies, 1-10^{-6} Hz, for both high and low--latitudes datasets and are able to quantify the relative importance of the anisotropic versus the isotropic fluctuations. We analyse, up to sixth order, longitudinal, transverse and mixed magnetic field correlations. Our results show that strongly intermittent and anisotropic events are present in the solar wind plasma at high frequencies/small scales, indicating the absence of a complete recovery of isotropy. Anisotropic scaling properties are compatible for high and low--latitude data, suggesting a universal behaviour in spite of the different rate of evolution of the fast solar wind streams in the two environments.

Bigazzi, A; Gama, S M A; Velli, M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

"Pre-Acceleration of Anomalous Cosmic Ray Ions at Recurrent Solar Wind Shocks" Interstellar pickup ions and solar wind ions are two main sources of anomalous cosmic ray (ACR) ions. An important  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Pre-Acceleration of Anomalous Cosmic Ray Ions at Recurrent Solar Wind Shocks" Interstellar pickup ions and solar wind ions are two main sources of anomalous cosmic ray (ACR) ions. An important unresolved theoretical issue is how such low-energy seed ions are pre-accelerated to energies sufficiently

Christian, Eric

466

If I generate 20 percent of my national electricity from wind and solar -  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

If I generate 20 percent of my national electricity from wind and solar - If I generate 20 percent of my national electricity from wind and solar - what does it do to my GDP and Trade Balance ? Home > Groups > DOE Wind Vision Community I think that the economics of fossil fuesl are well understood. Some gets to find the fuel and sell it. The fuel and all associated activities factor into the economic equation of the nation and the wrold. What is the economics of generating 20 percent of my total capacity from say wind? And all of it replaces coal powered electricty ? What happended to GDP ? Is the economy a net gain or net loss ? The value of the electricity came into the system, but no coal is bought or sold. Submitted by Jamespr on 6 May, 2013 - 17:46 0 answers Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group.

467

Fluctuations in the interplanetary electric potential and energy coupling between the solar-wind and the magnetosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We utilize solar rotation average geomagnetic index ap and various solar wind plasma and field parameters for four solar cycles 20-23. We perform analysis to search for a best possible coupling function at 27-day time resolution. Regression analysis using these data at different phases of solar activity (increasing including maximum/decreasing including minimum) led us to suggest that the time variation of interplanetary electric potential is a better coupling function for solar wind-magnetosphere coupling. We suspect that a faster rate of change in interplanetary electric potential at the magnetopause might enhance the reconnection rate and energy transfer from the solar wind into the magnetosphere. The possible mechanism that involves the interplanetary potential fluctuations in influencing the solar wind-magnetosphere coupling is being investigated.

Badruddin,

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Automatic computation for optimum height planning of apartment buildings to improve solar access  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study is to suggest a mathematical model and an optimal algorithm for determining the height of apartment buildings to satisfy the solar rights of survey buildings or survey housing units. The objective is also to develop an automatic computation model for the optimum height of apartment buildings and then to clarify the performance and expected effects. To accomplish the objective of this study, the following procedures were followed: (1) The necessity of the height planning of obstruction buildings to satisfy the solar rights of survey buildings or survey housing units is demonstrated by analyzing through a literature review the recent trend of disputes related to solar rights and to examining the social requirements in terms of solar rights. In addition, the necessity of the automatic computation system for height planning of apartment buildings is demonstrated and a suitable analysis method for this system is chosen by investigating the characteristics of analysis methods for solar rights assessment. (2) A case study on the process of height planning of apartment buildings will be briefly described and the problems occurring in this process will then be examined carefully. (3) To develop an automatic computation model for height planning of apartment buildings, geometrical elements forming apartment buildings are defined by analyzing the geometrical characteristics of apartment buildings. In addition, design factors and regulations required in height planning of apartment buildings are investigated. Based on this knowledge, the methodology and mathematical algorithm to adjust the height of apartment buildings by automatic computation are suggested and probable problems and the ways to resolve these problems are discussed. Finally, the methodology and algorithm for the optimization are suggested. (4) Based on the suggested methodology and mathematical algorithm, the automatic computation model for optimum height of apartment buildings is developed and the developed system is verified through the application of some cases. The effects of the suggested model are then demonstrated quantitatively and qualitatively. (author)

Seong, Yoon-Bok [Department of Architecture, Graduate School, College of Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yong-Yee [Department of Architecture and Building Engineering, Kunsan National University, Kunsan (Korea, Republic of); Seok, Ho-Tae [ArchiPro Construction, 1520 S. Alameda Street, Compton, CA 90221 (United States); Choi, Jeong-Min [School of Architecture, Changwon National University, Changwon (Korea, Republic of); Yeo, Myoung-Souk; Kim, Kwang-Woo [Department of Architecture and Architectural Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Building a market for small wind: The break-even turnkey cost of residential wind systems in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

project. References American Wind Energy Association (2002).The U.S. Small Wind Turbine Industry Roadmap. Clean Powerof Grid-Connected Small Wind Turbines in the Domestic

Edwards, Jennifer L.; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Forsyth, Trudy

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Land Use for Wind, Solar, and Geothermal Electricity Generation Facilities in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides data and analysis of the land use associated with utility-scale wind, photovoltaic (PV), concentrating solar power (CSP), and geothermal projects. The analysts evaluated 458 existing or proposed projects, representing (as of 2012 third quarter) 51% of installed wind capacity, 80% of PV and CSP capacity, and all known geothermal power plants in the United States. The report identifies two major land use classes: 1) direct area (land permanently or temporarily disturbed due to ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

471

INVESTIGATION OF INTERMITTENCY IN MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS AND SOLAR WIND TURBULENCE: SCALE-DEPENDENT KURTOSIS  

SciTech Connect

The behavior of scale-dependent (or filtered) kurtosis is studied in the solar wind using magnetic field measurements from the ACE and Cluster spacecraft at 1 AU. It is also analyzed numerically with high-resolution magnetohydrodynamic spectral simulations. In each case the filtered kurtosis increases with wavenumber, implying the presence of coherent structures at the smallest scales. This phase coupling is related to intermittency in solar wind turbulence and the emergence of non-Gaussian statistics. However, it is inhibited by the presence of upstream waves and other phase-randomizing structures, which act to reduce the growth of kurtosis.

Wan Minping; Osman, Kareem T.; Matthaeus, William H. [Bartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Oughton, Sean, E-mail: mpwan@bartol.udel.edu [Department of Mathematics, University of Waikato, Hamilton 3240 (New Zealand)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

472

COMPARING SHOCKS IN PLANETARY NEBULAE WITH THE SOLAR WIND TERMINATION SHOCK  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that suprathermal particles, termed pick-up ions (PUIs), might reduce the postshock temperature of the fast wind and jets in some planetary nebulae (PNs) and in symbiotic systems. The goal is to explain the finding that the temperature of the 'hot bubble' formed by the postshock gas in some PNs and symbiotic nebulae is lower, sometimes by more than an order of magnitude, than the value expected from simple hydrodynamical calculations. Although various explanations have been proposed, there is as yet no preferred solution for this 'low temperature problem'. PUIs have been invoked to explain the low temperature behind the termination shock of the solar wind. While in the case of the solar wind the neutral atoms that turn into PUIs penetrate the preshock solar wind region from the interstellar medium, in PNs the PUI source is more likely slowly moving clumps embedded in the fast wind or jets. These clumps are formed by instabilities or from backflowing cold gas. Our estimates indicate that in young PNs these PUIs will thermalize before leaving the system. Only in older PNs whose sizes exceed {approx}5000 AU and for which the fast wind mass loss rate is M-dot{sub w{approx}}<10{sup -7} M-sun yr{sup -1} do we expect the PUIs to be an efficient carrier of energy out of the postshock region (the hot bubble).

Soker, Noam; Rahin, Roi; Behar, Ehud [Department of Physics, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000 (Israel); Kastner, Joel H., E-mail: soker@physics.technion.ac.i [Center for Imaging Science, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY 14623-5604 (United States)

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

473

Modification of Proton Velocity Distributions by Alfvenic Turbulence in the Solar Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present paper, the proton velocity distribution function (VDF)in the solar wind is determined by solving numerically the kinetic evolution equation. We compare the results obtained when considering the effects of ex- ternal forces and Coulomb collisions with those obtained by adding effects of Alfven wave turbulence. We use Fokker-Planck diffusion terms due to Alfvenic turbulence, which take into account observed turbulence spectra and kinetic effects of finite proton gyroradius. Assuming a displaced Maxwellian for the proton VDF at the simulation boundary at 14 solar radii, we show that the turbulence leads to a fast (within several solar radii) development of the anti-sunward tail in the proton VDF. Our results provide a natural explanation for the nonthermal tails in the proton VDFs, which are often observed in-situ in the solar wind beyond 0.3 AU.

Pierrard, Viviane

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Addition of inexpensive solar air-heaters to a pre-engineered metal building. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

At Mississippi State University a research project was begun in 1976 to investigate the use of site-built solar collectors for heating air in poultry houses. The purpose of this work was to design and test a functional air heater solar collector which would be inexpensive to construct and acceptable to poultry producers. The results reported are an extension of the original concept. The basic concept is to use a pre-engineered metal building for the structure and incorporate the solar air heaters as an integral part of the south facing wall of the building. The outer skin of the building is used as the absorber plate for the collctors. Construction and testing of the solar collectors and heat storage systems are discussed, and the performance characteristics of the site-built solar collectors are described. (WHK)

Forbes, R E; McClendon, R W

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

NREL: News - NREL Launches Initiative to Build Solar Performance...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from solar facilities across the country. As part of DOE's SunShot Initiative, the Open Solar Performance and Reliability Clearinghouse (O-SPaRC) will give the private market...

476

Solar Decathlon 2013: Building Skills for Future Careers | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

couple of weeks, we're exploring how the Solar Decathlon 2013 teams' energy-efficient, solar-powered houses went from idea to reality, and documenting some of the steps along...

477

Effects of solar wind magnetosphere coupling recorded at different geomagnetic latitudes: Separation of directly-driven and storage/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of solar wind magnetosphere coupling recorded at different geomagnetic latitudes November 2008. [1] The effect on geomagnetic activity of solar wind speed, compared with that of the strength of the interplanetary magnetic field, differs with geomagnetic latitude. In this study we

Lockwood, Mike

478

Sputtering of lunar regolith simulant by protons and singly and multicharged Ar ions at solar wind energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for solar wind multi- charged ions having similar neutralization potential energies [1]. WeightedSputtering of lunar regolith simulant by protons and singly and multicharged Ar ions at solar wind energies F.W. Meyer a, , P.R. Harris a , C.N. Taylor a,1 , H.M. Meyer III b , A.F. Barghouty c , J.H. Adams

479