Sample records for building permits controlling

  1. City of Asheville- Building Permit Fee Waiver

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City of Asheville waives fees for building permits and plan reviews for certain renewable energy technologies and green building certifications for homes and mixed-use commercial buildings....

  2. Priority Permit Processing for Green Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hawaii Revised Statutes (HRS) §46-19.6 requires each county agency that issues building, construction, or development-related permits to establish a procedure for priority processing of permit...

  3. Flood Zone Building Permits (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Building permits are required for new construction and development in the Special Flood Hazard Areas (SFHA). All development projects in SFHA must comply with Title 12 DCMR and Title 20 DCMR...

  4. Air Pollution Control Permit to Construct and Permit to Operate...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Regulations Provider Department of Environmental Conservation The Air Pollution Control Division of the Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation requires a permit...

  5. Clark County- Solar and Wind Building Permit Guides

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Clark County, Nevada has established guides for obtaining building permits for wind and solar photovoltaic (PV) systems for both residential and commercial purposes. The guides outline applicable...

  6. Dynamic building enclosures : the design of an innovative constructive system which permits mechanically-driven, computer-controlled shape transformations to the building envelope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Eric (Eric Freeman), 1964-

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dynamic Building Enclosures is a system of prefabricated, lightweight, kit-of-parts wall and/or roof elements. This system has the unique capability of dynamically altering, or mutating its shape in reaction to changing ...

  7. Water pollution Control Permit Fee Schedules (West Virginia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This rule establishes schedules of permit application fees and annual permit fees for state water pollution control permits and national pollutant discharge elimination system permits issued by the...

  8. WPCF Underground Injection Control Disposal Permit Evaluation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    WPCF Underground Injection Control Disposal Permit Evaluation and Fact Sheet Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: WPCF Underground Injection...

  9. Colorado Air Pollution Control Division - Construction Permits...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Colorado Air Pollution Control Division - Construction Permits Forms and Air Pollutant Emission Notices (APENs)...

  10. Building StrongBuilding Strong Clean Water Act Section 404 Permitting Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Building StrongBuilding Strong Clean Water Act Section 404 Permitting Program Updates: Jurisdiction 1, 2009 #12;Building StrongBuilding Strong Presentation Outline · Part 1 Clean Water Act Process ­ The problem ­ The merger process #12;Building StrongBuilding Strong Rapanos at the Supreme Court

  11. Montana Ground Water Pollution Control System Permit Application...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Montana Ground Water Pollution Control System Permit Application Forms Webpage Abstract Provides a list of permit...

  12. Wastewater Regulations for National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permits, Underground Injection Control (UIC) Permits, State Permits, Water Quality Based Effluent Limitations and Water Quality Certification (Mississippi)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Wastewater Regulations for National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permits, Underground Injection Control (UIC) Permits, State Permits, Water Quality Based Effluent Limitations...

  13. Water Pollution Control Permit Regulations (Vermont)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These regulations outline the permits and permitting processes for point discharges to surface waters and outline the monitoring and reporting requirements.

  14. City of Portland- Streamlined Building Permits for Residential Solar Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City of Portland's Bureau of Development Services (BDS) developed an electronic permitting process for residential solar energy system installations. With this streamlined, expedited process,...

  15. Linearly Exchangable Permits for the Efficient Control of Multiple Pollutants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    PWP-019 Linearly Exchangable Permits for the Efficient Control of Multiple Pollutants James B;Linear Exchangeable Permits for the Ecient Control of Multiple Pollutants James B. Bushnell University of pollutants. Often a new polluter is required to purchase an "o-set" from an existing polluter prepared

  16. City of Santa Monica- Expedited Permitting for Green Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City of Santa Monica allows for priority plan check processing for building projects that are registered with the United States Green Building Council for certification under the Leadership in...

  17. Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - Underground Injection Control

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown ofNationwide PermitInformationIsland: Energy ResourcesProcess

  18. Local Option- Building Permit Fee Waivers for Renewable Energy Projects (Connecticut)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As of July 2011, Connecticut authorizes municipalities to pass a local ordinance to exempt "Class I" renewable energy projects from paying building permit fees. Class I renewable energy projects...

  19. City of Santa Monica- Building Permit Fee Waiver for Solar Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In early 2002, the City of Santa Monica began waiving building permit fees for solar energy systems. In December 2008, after months of working with industry trainers, solar contractors and staff...

  20. Development of Building Automation and Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yang; Zhu, Qi; Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A design flow for building automation and control systems,’’Development of Building Automation and Control Systems Yangdesign of the build- ing automation system (including the

  1. Development of Building Automation and Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yang; Zhu, Qi; Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    design flow for building automation systems that focuses onflow for building automation and control systems,’’ in Proc.Development of Building Automation and Control Systems Yang

  2. City of San Diego- Sustainable Building Expedited Permit Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2002, the City of San Diego passed a Resolution R-298001, which amended the [http://dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=CA42R&re=1&ee=1 Sustainable Building Policy] to...

  3. Permits

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for RenewableSpeedingBiomassPPPO WebsitePalmsthe PriceOptimizationUSING CRonOther Permits

  4. Permits

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    program, under Title V of the Clean Air Act, streamlines the way authorities regulate air pollution by consolidating all air pollution control requirements into a single,...

  5. Personalized building comfort control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feldmeier, Mark Christopher, 1974-

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Creating an appropriate indoor climate is essential to worker productivity and personal happiness. It is also an area of large expenditure for building owners. And, with rising fuel costs, finding ways of reducing energy ...

  6. Building load control and optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xing, Hai-Yun Helen, 1976-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Researchers and practitioners have proposed a variety of solutions to reduce electricity consumption and curtail peak demand. This research focuses on load control by improving the operations in existing building HVAC ...

  7. Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Yudong

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    control logic for building energy systems. Most moderncontrol actuators. Modern digital building automation systemssystem in the lab. The lab is equipped with a modern digital control

  8. Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Yudong

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Learning Control for Thermal Energy Storage Systems”. In:Predictive Control of Thermal Energy Storage in Buildingmaking use of building thermal energy storage, and this work

  9. Control System Commissioning for Enhanced Building Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salsbury, T. I.; Singhal, A.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper highlights the import role control systems play in the operation of modern buildings and describes ways to improve the final stage of commissioning. We also describe practical issues associated with modern IT-oriented control systems...

  10. Reimagining Building Sensing and Control (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polese, L.

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings are responsible for 40% of US energy consumption, and sensing and control technologies are an important element in creating a truly sustainable built environment. Motion-based occupancy sensors are often part of these control systems, but are usually altered or disabled in response to occupants' complaints, at the expense of energy savings. Can we leverage commodity hardware developed for other sectors and embedded software to produce more capable sensors for robust building controls? The National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) 'Image Processing Occupancy Sensor (IPOS)' is one example of leveraging embedded systems to create smarter, more reliable, multi-function sensors that open the door to new control strategies for building heating, cooling, ventilation, and lighting control. In this keynote, we will discuss how cost-effective embedded systems are changing the state-of-the-art of building sensing and control.

  11. Model Predictive Control for the Operation of Building Cooling Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Yudong

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    storage in building cooling systems. Technical report,storage in building cooling systems. Decision and Control,for the Operation of Building Cooling Systems Yudong Ma ? ,

  12. Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Emerging...

  13. An Extensible Sensing and Control Platform for Building Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    An Extensible Sensing and Control Platform for Building Energy Management An Extensible Sensing and Control Platform for Building Energy Management Lead Performer: Carnegie Mellon...

  14. Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 9- Air Pollution Control Permits (Rhode Island)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These regulations describe permitting procedures and requirements for minor and major sources of emissions.

  15. Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Yudong

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building thermal loadThe building thermal load predictor. . . . . . . .of Figures 1.1 Classification schematic for building MPC

  16. Recent Developments of the Modelica "Buildings" Library for Building Energy and Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recent Developments of the Modelica "Buildings" Library for Building Energy and Control Systems 94720, USA Abstract At the Modelica 2009 conference, we introduced the Buildings library, a freely develop an open-source Modelica library for building en- ergy and control systems. The library is freely

  17. Intelligent Building Control System for EPBD Certification Support 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabele, K.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tools that support additional aspects of the commissioning process, including new control system for building energy services. The paper is focused on specification of new function of building control system, providing information...

  18. Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Yudong

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    more sophisticated building automation systems and buildingthrough the building automation system “Automated Logic Websystem. ALC is a building automation system, offering a user

  19. Model Predictive Control for the Operation of Building Cooling Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Yudong

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    predictive control of thermal energy storage in buildingsystems which use thermal energy storage. In particular thepredictive control of thermal energy storage in building

  20. Co-design of Control Algorithm and Embedded Platformfor Building HVAC Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi; Zhu, Qi; Li, Cheng; Meggers, Forrest; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    concerns worldwide. Smart buildings today have sophisticateding building energy consumption by designing smart control

  1. Solar Construction Permitting Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Owners of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems and solar water heating systems in Colorado are required to obtain a building permit before their systems may be installed. Permits are handled at the l...

  2. Solar Construction Permitting Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Owners of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems and solar water heating systems in Arizona are required to obtain a building permit before their systems may be installed. Permits are handled at the...

  3. Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Yudong

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solution”. In: Energy and Buildings 52.0 (2012), pp. 39–49.with GenOpt”. In: Energy and Buildings 42.7 (2010), pp.lation Program”. In: Energy and Buildings 33.4 (2001), pp.

  4. Hybrid Model for Building Performance Diagnosis and Optimal Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, S.; Xu, X.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern buildings require continuous performance monitoring, automatic diagnostics and optimal supervisory control. For these applications, simplified dynamic building models are needed to predict the cooling and heating requirement viewing...

  5. Advanced Controls and Communications for Demand Response and Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Hansen, David

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    electric loads in buildings: energy efficiency (for steadyof Building Controls and Energy Efficiency Options Usingof Building Controls and Energy Efficiency Options Using

  6. Demand Responsive and Energy Efficient Control Technologies and Strategies in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann; Kiliccote, Sila

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    electric loads in buildings: energy efficiency (for steady-of Building Controls and Energy Efficiency Options Usingof Building Controls and Energy Efficiency Options Using

  7. Intelligent Building Energy Information and Control Systems for Low-Energy Operations and Optimal Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As  we  develop low?energy buildings, the need for models Building Energy Information and Control Systems for Low-Building  Energy  Information  and  Control  Systems  for  Low­

  8. Introduction to Commercial Building Control Strategies and Techniques for Demand Response -- Appendices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motegi, N.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Demand Response in New and Existing Commercial BuildingsBuilding Control Strategies and Techniques for Demand Response -Building Control Strategies and Techniques for Demand Response

  9. A Hybrid Model and MIMO Control for Intelligent Buildings Temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    A Hybrid Model and MIMO Control for Intelligent Buildings Temperature Regulation over WSN Emmanuel is to propose a model-based feedback control strategy for indoor temperature regulation in buildings equipped. In order to set a model-based Fig. 1. UFAD ventilation control approach, we first investigate

  10. How to Select Lighting Controls for Offices and Public Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Controls For Offices and Public Buildings LT-8 PAGE 1 DECEMBER 2000 Definitions Daylight dimming employs sensors that detect ambient light levels and then allow ballasts to...

  11. Transaction-Based Building Controls Framework, Volume 1: Reference Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Somasundaram, Sriram; Pratt, Robert G.; Akyol, Bora A.; Fernandez, Nicholas; Foster, Nikolas AF; Katipamula, Srinivas; Mayhorn, Ebony T.; Somani, Abhishek; Steckley, Andrew C.; Taylor, Zachary T.

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This document proposes a framework concept to achieve the objectives of raising buildings’ efficiency and energy savings potential benefitting building owners and operators. We call it a transaction-based framework, wherein mutually-beneficial and cost-effective market-based transactions can be enabled between multiple players across different domains. Transaction-based building controls are one part of the transactional energy framework. While these controls realize benefits by enabling automatic, market-based intra-building efficiency optimizations, the transactional energy framework provides similar benefits using the same market -based structure, yet on a larger scale and beyond just buildings, to the society at large.

  12. Development of Building Automation and Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Yang; Zhu, Qi; Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is not suitable for low energy buildings that requirelow energy solutions such as natural ventilation and active facade. In this BUILDINGlow energy green buildingsVzero energy in the ideal caseVis very challenging. There are examples of zero energy buildings

  13. Summary Report: Control Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam; Lee, Yoonsu

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    control over their local thermal and ventilation conditions,local system through central Johnson Controls system. Even if they had not gone to natural ventilation,local constraint PAGE 20 UCLA’s Kinsey Hall AKA Humanities Building) SF Federal Building (site specific wind driven ventilation )

  14. Co-Simulation of Building Energy and Control Systems with the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetter, Michael

    2010-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This article describes the implementation of the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB). The BCVTB is a software environment that allows connecting different simulation programs to exchange data during the time integration, and that allows conducting hardware in the loop simulation. The software architecture is a modular design based on Ptolemy II, a software environment for design and analysis of heterogeneous systems. Ptolemy II provides a graphical model building environment, synchronizes the exchanged data and visualizes the system evolution during run-time. The BCVTB provides additions to Ptolemy II that allow the run-time coupling of different simulation programs for data exchange, including EnergyPlus, MATLAB, Simulink and the Modelica modelling and simulation environment Dymola. The additions also allow executing system commands, such as a script that executes a Radiance simulation. In this article, the software architecture is presented and the mathematical model used to implement the co-simulation is discussed. The simulation program interface that the BCVTB provides is explained. The article concludes by presenting applications in which different state of the art simulation programs are linked for run-time data exchange. This link allows the use of the simulation program that is best suited for the particular problem to model building heat transfer, HVAC system dynamics and control algorithms, and to compute a solution to the coupled problem using co-simulation.

  15. Building environment modeling and minimum-energy control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godfrey, James Bradford

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    be expanded to study energy loss due to vapor condensation. The mathematical model of the building environment is simplified so that optimal temperature control can be studied. Simulations of the building environment heating system using feed- back.... Heating System Simulation. . OPTIMAL TEMPERATURE CONTROL. . . A. Def i ni ti ons 8, Model for the Dynamic Programming Algorithm C. The Dynamic Programming Algorithm. . D. Stochastic External Forcing Terms. . E. Optimal Stochastic Heating Control...

  16. Real-Time Building Energy Simulation Using EnergyPlus and the Building Controls Test Bed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pang, Xiufeng; Bhattachayra, Prajesh; O'Neill, Zheng; Haves, Philip; Wetter, Michael; Bailey, Trevor

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most commercial buildings do not perform as well in practice as intended by the design and their performances often deteriorate over time. Reasons include faulty construction, malfunctioning equipment, incorrectly configured control systems and inappropriate operating procedures (Haves et al., 2001, Lee et al., 2007). To address this problem, the paper presents a simulation-based whole building performance monitoring tool that allows a comparison of building actual performance and expected performance in real time. The tool continuously acquires relevant building model input variables from existing Energy Management and Control System (EMCS). It then reports expected energy consumption as simulated of EnergyPlus. The Building Control Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB) is used as the software platform to provide data linkage between the EMCS, an EnergyPlus model, and a database. This paper describes the integrated real-time simulation environment. A proof-of-concept demonstration is also presented in the paper.

  17. Continuous Control in Buildings with Bond Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiler, W.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and reductions in room air mixing, International conference on Environmental Ergonomics August 2-7. Zhang H., Arens E., Huizinga C., Han T., 2010, Thermal sensations and comfort models for non- uniform and transient environments, Building and Environment...

  18. Intelligent Controls for Net-Zero Energy Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Haorong; Cho, Yong; Peng, Dongming

    2011-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project is to develop and demonstrate enabling technologies that can empower homeowners to convert their homes into net-zero energy buildings in a cost-effective manner. The project objectives and expected outcomes are as follows: • To develop rapid and scalable building information collection and modeling technologies that can obtain and process “as-built” building information in an automated or semiautomated manner. • To identify low-cost measurements and develop low-cost virtual sensors that can monitor building operations in a plug-n-play and low-cost manner. • To integrate and demonstrate low-cost building information modeling (BIM) technologies. • To develop decision support tools which can empower building owners to perform energy auditing and retrofit analysis. • To develop and demonstrate low-cost automated diagnostics and optimal control technologies which can improve building energy efficiency in a continual manner.

  19. Industrial Permit

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Protection Obeying Environmental Laws Industrial Permit Industrial Permit The Industrial Permit authorizes the Laboratory to discharge point-source effluents under the...

  20. Simulation-based assessment of the energy savings benefits of integrated control in office buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, T.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Control System. Energy and Buildings 33(2001): 477-487.control system. Energy and Buildings Lee ES, Yazdanian M ,Daylight Controls. Energy and Buildings 33(2001): 793-803.

  1. Optimal Control of Building HVAC Systems in the Presence of Imperfect Predictions, ASME Dynamic System Control Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    optimal control design for HVAC systems,” in Dynamic Systemalgorithm design for hvac systems in energy efficient build-OPTIMAL CONTROL OF BUILDING HVAC SYSTEMS IN THE PRESENCE OF

  2. Four Corners Wind Resource Center Webinar: Building Utility-Scale Wind: Permitting and Regulation Lessons for County Decision-Makers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Four Corners Wind Resource Center will host this webinar exploring lessons learned in the permitting of utility-scale wind projects and the development of ordinances and regulations for...

  3. Passive electromagnetic damping device for motion control of building structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palomera-Arias, Rogelio, 1972-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The research presented in this thesis develops a new device for the passive control of motion in building structures: an electromagnetic damper. The electromagnetic damper is a self-excited device that provides a reaction ...

  4. CCS Project Permit Acquisition Protocols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Si-Yong; Zaluski, Wade; Matthews, Vince; McPherson, Brian

    2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Geologic carbon storage projects require a vast range of permits prior to deployment. These include land-access permits, drilling permits, seismic survey permits, underground injection control permits, and any number of local and state permits, depending on the location of the project. For the “Characterization of Most Promising Sequestration Formations in the Rocky Mountain Region” (RMCCS) project in particular, critical permits included site access permits, seismic survey permits, and drilling permits for the characterization well. Permits for these and other activities were acquired either prior to or during the project.

  5. Model Predictive Control For Wind Excited Buildings: A Benchmark Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kareem, Ahsan

    control force; W is the wind excitation vector of dimension 24; and are control output vec- tor , , , , , , , and were given by Yang et al (1999) and have appropriate dimensions. The wind force data acting1 Model Predictive Control For Wind Excited Buildings: A Benchmark Problem Gang Mei, Student M

  6. Using Building Control System for Commissioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Salsbury, T.; Choiniere, D.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , from the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden [2]. outdoor temperature room temperature supply air temperature schedule occupancy heating coil valve heating coil pump outdoor temperature room temperature supply air temperature... of Technology Stockholm, Sweden. [3] Pakanen J., Dexter A. L., and al 2001, ?Computer-aided Evaluation of HVAC System Performance: the Practical Application of Fault Detection and Diagnosis Techniques in Real Buildings?, source book document IEA-ECBCS Annex...

  7. Personalized Building Comfort Control Mark Christopher Feldmeier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a single setpoint is inadequate. This dissertation presents a novel air-conditioning control system wrist- worn sensors controlling the local air-conditioning dampers and window operator motors. Comparisons are made to the previous four week period of standard air-conditioning control, showing

  8. Portland's Residential Solar Permitting Guide

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This program guide outlines the application and review procedures for obtaining the necessary permit(s) to install a solar energy system for a new or existing residential building. The guide also...

  9. Co-Simulation of Building Energy and Control Systems with the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetter, Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and a core zone. The envelope thermal properties meet ASHRAEis the thermal zone and the building envelope model that was

  10. Building Technologies Office Load Control Strategies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    BTO researches and implements load control strategies, which support the Sustainable and Holistic IntegratioN of Energy storage and Solar PV (SHINES) FOA.

  11. Co-design of Control Algorithm and Embedded Platformfor Building HVAC Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi; Zhu, Qi; Li, Cheng; Meggers, Forrest; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as part of a Building Automation System (BAS). The task of aflow for building automation and control systems,” in Real-of building automation and control systems,” Design Test of

  12. A Meta-Analysis of Energy Savings from Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Alison

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    daylighting control for low energy buildings. Proceedings ofAIVC Conference on Building Low Energy Cooling and Advancedlow, federal energy conservation standards do not include lighting controls, and state and local building

  13. Demand response-enabled autonomous control for interior space conditioning in residential buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xue

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of demand response for residential buildings. ProfessorDemand Response-enabled Autonomous Control for Interior Space Conditioning in Residential BuildingsDemand Response-enabled Autonomous Control for Interior Space Conditioning in Residential Buildings

  14. Portland's Commercial Solar Permitting Guide

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This program guide outlines the application and review procedures for obtaining the necessary permits to install a solar energy system on a new or existing commercial building.

  15. Control and Room Temperature Optimization of Energy Efficient Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Djouadi, Seddik M [ORNL] [ORNL; Kuruganti, Phani Teja [ORNL] [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The building sector consumes a large part of the energy used in the United States and is responsible for nearly 40% of greenhouse gas emissions. It is therefore economically and environmentally important to reduce the building energy consumption to realize massive energy savings. In this paper, a method to control room temperature in buildings is proposed. The approach is based on a distributed parameter model represented by a three dimensional (3D) heat equation in a room with heater/cooler located at ceiling. The latter is resolved using finite element methods, and results in a model for room temperature with thousands of states. The latter is not amenable to control design. A reduced order model of only few states is then derived using Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD). A Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) is computed based on the reduced model, and applied to the full order model to control room temperature.

  16. Recent Developments of the Modelica"Buildings" Library for Building Energy and Control Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetter, Michael; Zuo, Wangda; Nouidui, Thierry Stephane

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the Modelica 2009 conference, we introduced the Buildings library, a freely available Modelica library for building energy and control systems. This paper reports the updates of the library and presents example applications for a range of heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. Over the past two years, the library has been further developed. The number of HVAC components models has been doubled and various components have been revised to increase numerical robustness.The paper starts with an overview of the library architecture and a description of the main packages. To demonstrate the features of the Buildings library, applications that include multizone airflow simulation as well as supervisory and local loop control of a variable air volume (VAV) system are briefly described. The paper closes with a discussion of the current development.

  17. Building America Case Study: Boiler Control Replacement for Hydronically Heated Multifamily Buildings, Cambridge, Massachusetts (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ARIES Collaborative, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. (HRI) of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to study improvements to the central hydronic heating system in one of the nonprofit's housing developments. The heating controls in the three-building, 42-unit Columbia Cambridge Alliance for Spanish Tenants housing development were upgraded. Fuel use in the development was excessive compared to similar properties. A poorly insulated thermal envelope contributed to high energy bills, but adding wall insulation was not cost-effective or practical. The more cost-effective option was improving heating system efficiency. Efficient operation of the heating system faced several obstacles, including inflexible boiler controls and failed thermostatic radiator valves. Boiler controls were replaced with systems that offer temperature setbacks and one that controls heat based on apartment temperature in addition to outdoor temperature. Utility bill analysis shows that post-retrofit weather-normalized heating energy use was reduced by 10%-31% (average of 19%). Indoor temperature cutoff reduced boiler runtime (and therefore heating fuel consumption) by 28% in the one building in which it was implemented. Nearly all savings were obtained during night which had a lower indoor temperature cut off (68 degrees F) than day (73 degrees F). This implies that the outdoor reset curve was appropriately adjusted for this building for daytime operation. Nighttime setback of heating system supply water temperature had no discernable impact on boiler runtime or gas bills.

  18. Optimal Control of Building HVAC Systems in the Presence of Imperfect Predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    minimization of building hvac systems using model predictivealgorithm design for hvac systems in energy efficient build-optimal control design for HVAC systems,” in Dynamic System

  19. Energy-Efficient Building HVAC Control Using Hybrid System LBMPC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aswani, Anil; Taneja, Jay; Krioukov, Andrew; Culler, David; Tomlin, Claire

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Improving the energy-efficiency of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems has the potential to realize large economic and societal benefits. This paper concerns the system identification of a hybrid system model of a building-wide HVAC system and its subsequent control using a hybrid system formulation of learning-based model predictive control (LBMPC). Here, the learning refers to model updates to the hybrid system model that incorporate the heating effects due to occupancy, solar effects, outside air temperature (OAT), and equipment, in addition to integrator dynamics inherently present in low-level control. Though we make significant modeling simplifications, our corresponding controller that uses this model is able to experimentally achieve a large reduction in energy usage without any degradations in occupant comfort. It is in this way that we justify the modeling simplifications that we have made. We conclude by presenting results from experiments on our building HVAC testbed, which s...

  20. HVAC & Building Management Control System Energy Efficiency Replacements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hernandez, Adriana

    2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The project objective was the replacement of an aging, un-repairable HVAC system which has grown inefficient and a huge energy consumer with low energy and efficient HVAC units, and installation of energy efficient building control technologies at City's YMCA Community Center.

  1. Reducing Occupant-Controlled Electricity Consumption in Campus Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doudna, Jennifer A.

    2010 Reducing Occupant-Controlled Electricity Consumption in Campus Buildings Kill­09 and is expected to spend more than $17.1 million in 2009­10. In an effort to reduce electricity consumption; 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY UC Berkeley spent $16.39 million on purchased electricity in 2008

  2. Optimizing HVAC Control to Improve Building Comfort and Energy Performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, L.; Joo, I.; Dong, D.; Liu, M.; Wang, J.; Hansen, K.; Quiroz, L.; Swiatek, A.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . M. Liu [9] reduced the utility cost of a 123,000 ft2 laboratory-office building up to $369,000/yr by simply detecting and fixing a leaking pneumatic line on the cooling coil control valves and implementing a supply air temperature reset schedule...

  3. Summary Report: Control Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam; Lee, Yoonsu

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Ultimate Option? ” Building Services Journal. NovemberProgramme. United Kingdom: Building Research Establishment.Andrew. 1993. “Body-building. ” Building Services Journal.

  4. Total Facility Control - Applying New Intelligent Technologies to Energy Efficient Green Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy efficiency through intelligent control is a core element of any "Green Building". We need smarter, more efficient ways of managing the energy consuming elements within a building. But what we think of as "the building" ...

  5. Handling model uncertainty in model predictive control for energy efficient buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi; Razmara, M; Shahbakhti, M; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    trol for the operation of building cooling systems, IEEEK. Wirth, Energy ef?cient building climate control usingSagerschnig, E. Z ? á?ceková, Building [8] J. Prí vara, S.

  6. Opportunities of Wireless Sensors and Controls for Building Operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper characterizes commercially available wireless technologies that are suitable for use in commercial buildings. It describes two demonstration projects of wireless sensors and their integration into existing control networks, and discusses their cost per sensor, their ease of installation, and their reliability. The author will discuss the operational and energy benefits of the wireless sensors and report on the energy and cost savings estimates. The paper will conclude with some practical considerations for the installation of wireless sensors and provide a future outlook for wireless technologies in buildings applications.

  7. CONVERGING REDUNDANT SENSOR NETWORK INFORMATION FOR IMPROVED BUILDING CONTROL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale K. Tiller; Gregor P. Henze

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowing how many people occupy a building, and where they are located, is a key component of building energy management and security. Commercial, industrial and residential buildings often incorporate systems used to determine occupancy, however, current sensor technology and control algorithms limit the effectiveness of both energy management and security systems. This topical report describes results from the first phase of a project to design, implement, validate, and prototype new technologies to monitor occupancy, control indoor environment services, and promote security in buildings. Phase I of the project focused on instrumentation and data collection. In this project phase a new occupancy detection system was developed, commissioned and installed in a sample of private offices and open-plan office workstations. Data acquisition systems were developed and deployed to collect data on space occupancy profiles. Analysis tools based on Bayesian probability theory were applied to the occupancy data generated by the sensor network. The inference of primary importance is a probability distribution over the number of occupants and their locations in a building, given past and present sensor measurements. Inferences were computed for occupancy and its temporal persistence in individual offices as well as the persistence of sensor status. The raw sensor data were also used to calibrate the sensor belief network, including the occupancy transition matrix used in the Markov model, sensor sensitivity, and sensor failure models. This study shows that the belief network framework can be applied to the analysis of data streams from sensor networks, offering significant benefits to building operation compared to current practice.

  8. Real-Time Building Energy Simulation Using EnergyPlus and the Building Controls Test Bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang, Xiufeng

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    creating a new-generation building energy simulationprogram. Energy and Buildings, 33: 319-331. Haves, P. ,Liu M. 2001. Use of Whole Building Simulation in On- Line

  9. Real-Time Building Energy Simulation Using EnergyPlus and the Building Controls Test Bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang, Xiufeng

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    generation building energy simulation program. Energy andReal-Time Building Energy Simulation Using EnergyPlus andREAL-TIME BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION USING ENERGYPLUS AND

  10. Independent Control of Sensible and Latent Cooling in Small Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, J.; Lamontagne, J.; Piraino, M.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT INDEPENDENT CONTROL OF SENSIBLE AND LATENT COOLING IN SMALL BUILDINGS~ J. ANDREWS, J. LAMONTAGNE, and M. PIRAINO Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York This paper presents salient results of a utility-sponsored research project... characteristics used in the study are those found in a study of an energy- efficient Danish house which was constructed and monitored at Brookhaven National Laboratory (7). This house was found to have a natural air change rate of 0.1 air changes per hour...

  11. Energy efficiency in public buildings through ICT based control and monitoring systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Energy efficiency in public buildings through ICT based control and monitoring systems G, France Keywords: energy efficiency, existing public buildings, control strategies, dynamic simulations a project entitled "Smart Energy Efficient Middleware for Public Spaces" (SEEMPubS). The project addresses

  12. Automated Demand Response Strategies and Commissioning Commercial Building Controls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila; Linkugel, Eric

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Demand Response in New and Existing Commercial BuildingsDemand Response Strategies and National Conference on BuildingDemand Response Strategies and Commissioning Commercial Building

  13. Demonstration of Smart Building Controls to Manage Building Peak Loads: Innovative Non-Wires Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katipamula, Srinivas; Hatley, Darrel D.

    2004-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    As a part of the non-wires solutions effort, BPA in partnership with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is exploring the use of two distributed energy resources (DER) technologies in the City of Richland. In addition to demonstrating the usefulness of the two DER technologies in providing peak demand relief, evaluation of remote direct load control (DLC) is also one of the primary objectives of this demonstration. The concept of DLC, which is used to change the energy use profile during peak hours of the day, is not new. Many utilities have had success in reducing demand at peak times to avoid building new generation. It is not the need for increased generation that is driving the use of direct load control in the Northwest, but the desire to avoid building additional transmission capacity. The peak times at issue total between 50 and 100 hours a year. A transmission solution to the problem would cost tens of millions of dollars . And since a ?non wires? solution is just as effective and yet costs much less, the capital dollars for construction can be used elsewhere on the grid where building new transmission is the only alternative. If by using DLC, the electricity use can be curtailed, shifted to lower use time periods or supplemented through local generation, the existing system can be made more reliable and cost effective.

  14. Developing a Model for Planning and Controlling Production in Small Sized Building Firms Proceedings IGLC `98

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommelein, Iris D.

    Developing a Model for Planning and Controlling Production in Small Sized Building Firms Proceedings IGLC `98 DEVELOPING A MODEL FOR PLANNING AND CONTROLLING PRODUCTION IN SMALL SIZED BUILDING FIRMS process of a model for planning and controlling production in small sized building companies, as well

  15. Summary Report: Control Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam; Lee, Yoonsu

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    users by the building automation system. They didn't want toof the year; building automation system takes information

  16. Converging Redundant Sensor Network Information for Improved Building Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale Tiller; D. Phil; Gregor Henze; Xin Guo

    2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This project investigated the development and application of sensor networks to enhance building energy management and security. Commercial, industrial and residential buildings often incorporate systems used to determine occupancy, but current sensor technology and control algorithms limit the effectiveness of these systems. For example, most of these systems rely on single monitoring points to detect occupancy, when more than one monitoring point could improve system performance. Phase I of the project focused on instrumentation and data collection. During the initial project phase, a new occupancy detection system was developed, commissioned and installed in a sample of private offices and open-plan office workstations. Data acquisition systems were developed and deployed to collect data on space occupancy profiles. Phase II of the project demonstrated that a network of several sensors provides a more accurate measure of occupancy than is possible using systems based on single monitoring points. This phase also established that analysis algorithms could be applied to the sensor network data stream to improve the accuracy of system performance in energy management and security applications. In Phase III of the project, the sensor network from Phase I was complemented by a control strategy developed based on the results from the first two project phases: this controller was implemented in a small sample of work areas, and applied to lighting control. Two additional technologies were developed in the course of completing the project. A prototype web-based display that portrays the current status of each detector in a sensor network monitoring building occupancy was designed and implemented. A new capability that enables occupancy sensors in a sensor network to dynamically set the 'time delay' interval based on ongoing occupant behavior in the space was also designed and implemented.

  17. Co-Simulation of Building Energy and Control Systems with the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetter, Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are Synchronous Data Flow (SDF) and Finite State Machines (FSM). We use SDF to control the communication of actors thatto simulation programs. In SDF, each actor is ?red when a ?

  18. Receding-horizon Supervisory Control of Green Buildings Truong X. Nghiem, George J. Pappas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappas, George J.

    .S. Department of Energy. Consequently, there has been a growing interest in green buildings, i.e., energy]). For this reason, green buildings (i.e., energy-efficient buildings) have been of strong interest not onlyReceding-horizon Supervisory Control of Green Buildings Truong X. Nghiem, George J. Pappas

  19. Hybrid PID-fuzzy control scheme for managing energy resources in buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Hybrid PID-fuzzy control scheme for managing energy resources in buildings Benjamin Paris, Julien. Keywords: energy performance of buildings, multi-energy buildings, thermal comfort, hybrid PID: both indoor temperature regulation and energy resources management in buildings require the design

  20. Building Automation and Controls Systems: Integrated Room Control for Personalized Comfort and Increased ROI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gill, D.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    14-17, 2014 Smart Room Control Solution Architecture Example HVAC Master Controller 1 Light Module Blind Module Power Multisensors Room Sensors Power Mobile App ESL-IC-14-09-05 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building... Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 An End-to-End Solution ? Simplified design, installation and integration of integrated room control solutions ? Increased reliability of integrated systems ? Simplified architecture = simpler design...

  1. Building Pressure Control in VAV System with Relief Air Fan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang, X.; Liu, M.; Zheng, B.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , recently, Wang and Liu developed a motor power based fan airflow station., which determines the fan airflow using the measured fan motor power, the fan speed or control system command to VFD, and the in-situ fan motor power curve. Since the fan power... power can be obtained directly from VFD [5]. The motor power based fan airflow station method can be applied to the fan-tracking to perform a better building pressurization. The theory of the motor power based fan airflow station can be referred...

  2. Model Reduction for Indoor-Air Behavior in Control Design for Energy-Efficient Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gugercin, Serkan

    Model Reduction for Indoor-Air Behavior in Control Design for Energy-Efficient Buildings Jeff models for the indoor-air environment in control design for energy efficient buildings. In one method by a desire to incorporate models of the indoor-air environment in the design of energy efficient buildings

  3. Intelligent Daylight Panel Control System based on Fuzzy Control for Green Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. C. Kuo; J. S. Lin; Y. Takeuchi; Y. J. Huang

    Abstract—This paper proposes an intelligent daylight panel control system based on fuzzy control theory for green buildings. The goal of this research is to automatically modulate sunlight efficiently and to enhance the quality of interior illuminations, thus reducing the need for artificial lighting and conserving energy. Daylight panels are typically installed on the outside of windows. By applying the proposed fuzzy controller, the reflection angle of daylight panels could be adjusted and optimized so that interior illuminative quality is improved and energy-saving is achieved at the same time. Index Terms—daylight panel, intelligent control, fuzzy control. I.

  4. Small- and Medium-Sized Commercial Building Monitoring and Controls Needs: A Scoping Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katipamula, Srinivas; Underhill, Ronald M.; Goddard, James K.; Taasevigen, Danny J.; Piette, M. A.; Granderson, J.; Brown, Rich E.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; Kuruganti, T.

    2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings consume over 40% of the total energy consumption in the U.S. A significant portion of the energy consumed in buildings is wasted because of the lack of controls or the inability to use existing building automation systems (BASs) properly. Much of the waste occurs because of our inability to manage and controls buildings efficiently. Over 90% of the buildings are either small-size (<5,000 sf) or medium-size (between 5,000 sf and 50,000 sf); these buildings currently do not use BASs to monitor and control their building systems from a central location. According to Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), about 10% of the buildings in the U.S. use BASs or central controls to manage their building system operations. Buildings that use BASs are typically large (>100,000 sf). Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) were asked by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Technologies Program (BTP) to identify monitoring and control needs for small- and medium-sized commercial buildings and recommend possible solutions. This study documents the needs and solutions for small- and medium-sized buildings.

  5. Construction Permits and Fees (New Mexico)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Industries that wish to build or modify facilities that emit air pollutants (emissions) into the air must obtain an air quality permit prior to constructing. Thus, these permits are called...

  6. Automated Demand Response Strategies and Commissioning Commercial Building Controls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila; Linkugel, Eric

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conference on Building Commissioning: April 19-21, 2006Auto-DR Strategies and Commissioning One common questionConference on Building Commissioning: April 19-21, 2006

  7. Advanced, Integrated Control for Building Operations to Achieve 40% Energy Saving

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Zhen Song, Prof. Vivian Loftness, Dr. Kun Ji, Dr. Sam Zheng, Mr. Bertrand Lasternas, Ms. Flore Marion, Mr. Yuebin Yu

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    we developed and demonstrated a software based integrated advanced building control platform called Smart Energy Box (SEB), which can coordinate building subsystem controls, integrate variety of energy optimization algorithms and provide proactive and collaborative energy management and control for building operations using weather and occupancy information. The integrated control system is a low cost solution and also features: Scalable component based architecture allows to build a solution for different building control system configurations with needed components; Open Architecture with a central data repository for data exchange among runtime components; Extendible to accommodate variety of communication protocols. Optimal building control for central loads, distributed loads and onsite energy resource Uses web server as a loosely coupled way to engage both building operators and building occupants in collaboration for energy conservation. Based on the open platform of SEB, we have investigated and evaluated a variety of operation and energy saving control strategies on Carnegie Mellon University Intelligent Work place which is equipped with alternative cooling/heating/ventilation/lighting methods, including radiant mullions, radiant cooling/heating ceiling panels, cool waves, dedicated ventilation unit, motorized window and blinds, and external louvers. Based on the validation results of these control strategies, they were integrated in SEB in a collaborative and dynamic way. This advanced control system was programmed and computer tested with a model of the Intelligent Workplaceâ??s northern section (IWn). The advanced control program was then installed in the IWn control system; the performance were measured and compared with that of the state of the art control system to verify the overall energy savings great than 40%. In addition advanced human machine interfaces (HMI's) were developed to communicate both with building occupants and the building operator. Lifecycle cost analyses of the advanced building control were performed, and a Building Control System Guide was prepared and published to inform owners, architects, and engineers dealing with new construction or renovation of buildings.

  8. Using Remote Control Systems for the Re-Commissioning of Heating Plants of School Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Detaille, C.; Jandon, M.; Bruyat, F.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this work is to develop a semi-automatic commissioning tool that can be implemented in Remote Control Systems to help building operators test the performance of heating plants in school buildings. The work was carried out...

  9. Design and Optimization of Control Strategies and Parameters by Building and System Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumann, O.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    temperatures have been tested and analyzed within simulation calculations. SIMULATION MODEL Building Model The part of the building considered for this study is modeled using the TRNSYS Type 56 multi-zone building model [3]. The model consists of 13... is integrated into the TRNSYS building model [4]. System Model The detailed model of the peripheric systems, the occupancy and load schedules of the building and the control strategies is built using the appropriate types from the model library of TRNSYS...

  10. Converging Redundant Sensor Network Information for Improved Building Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale K. Tiller; Gregor P. Henze

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project is investigating the development and application of sensor networks to enhance building energy management and security. Commercial, industrial and residential buildings often incorporate systems used to determine occupancy, but current sensor technology and control algorithms limit the effectiveness of these systems. For example, most of these systems rely on single monitoring points to detect occupancy, when more than one monitoring point would improve system performance. Phase I of the project focused on instrumentation and data collection. In Phase I, a new occupancy detection system was developed, commissioned and installed in a sample of private offices and open-plan office workstations. Data acquisition systems were developed and deployed to collect data on space occupancy profiles. In phase II of the project, described in this report, we demonstrate that a network of several sensors provides a more accurate measure of occupancy than is possible using systems based on single monitoring points. We also establish that analysis algorithms can be applied to the sensor network data stream to improve the accuracy of system performance in energy management and security applications, and show that it may be possible to use sensor network pulse rate to distinguish the number of occupants in a space. Finally, in this phase of the project we also developed a prototype web-based display that portrays the current status of each detector in a sensor network monitoring building occupancy. This basic capability will be extended in the future by applying an algorithm-based inference to the sensor network data stream, so that the web page displays the likelihood that each monitored office or area is occupied, as a supplement to the actual status of each sensor.

  11. Catawba County- Green Construction Permitting Incentive Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Catawba County is providing incentives to encourage the construction of sustainably built homes and commercial buildings. Rebates on permit fees and plan reviews are available for certain...

  12. A Scenario-based Predictive Control Approach to Building HVAC Management Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    A Scenario-based Predictive Control Approach to Building HVAC Management Systems Alessandra Parisio and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems while minimizing the overall energy use. The strategy uses

  13. Co-design of Control Algorithm and Embedded Platformfor Building HVAC Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi; Zhu, Qi; Li, Cheng; Meggers, Forrest; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    algorithm design for hvac systems in energy efficientOptimal control of HVAC systems in the presence of imperfectminimization of building hvac systems using model predictive

  14. Distributed Wireless Control for Building Energy Management Alan Marchiori and Qi Han

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Qi "Chee"

    Distributed Wireless Control for Building Energy Management Alan Marchiori and Qi Han Department building energy management systems are es- sential to enabling the development of mass-market, low- energy to the total energy efficiency. As building technologies and materi- als improve, the relative impact

  15. Responsive and Intelligent Building Information and Control for Low-Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that greatly reduce energy use and peak electric power in buildings while providing or improving the services and optimization, and model predictive control to augment these models with dynamics of building system more integrated there is an opportunity for buildings to respond to common grid systems and model-ba

  16. Duty-Cycling Buildings Aggressively: The Next Frontier in HVAC Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simunic, Tajana

    Duty-Cycling Buildings Aggressively: The Next Frontier in HVAC Control Yuvraj Agarwal, Bharathan the dominant energy consumer is the HVAC system. Despite this fact, in most buildings the HVAC system is run sensing to guide the operation of a building HVAC system. We show how we can enable aggressive duty

  17. Summary Report: Control Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam; Lee, Yoonsu

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineers. Axley, J. , S. Emmerich, S. Dols, and G. Walton.Buildings October 2007 Emmerich, S.J. and J. Crum. 2005.buildings (Daly 2002, Emmerich and Crum 2005), but they were

  18. CO2 MONITORING FOR DEMAND CONTROLLED VENTILATION IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisk, William J.; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Faulkner, David; Eliseeva, Ekaterina

    2010-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) sensors are often deployed in commercial buildings to obtain CO{sub 2} data that are used, in a process called demand-controlled ventilation, to automatically modulate rates of outdoor air ventilation. The objective is to keep ventilation rates at or above design specifications and code requirements and also to save energy by avoiding excessive ventilation rates. Demand controlled ventilation is most often used in spaces with highly variable and sometime dense occupancy. Reasonably accurate CO{sub 2} measurements are needed for successful demand controlled ventilation; however, prior research has suggested substantial measurement errors. Accordingly, this study evaluated: (a) the accuracy of 208 CO{sub 2} single-location sensors located in 34 commercial buildings, (b) the accuracy of four multi-location CO{sub 2} measurement systems that utilize tubing, valves, and pumps to measure at multiple locations with single CO{sub 2} sensors, and (c) the spatial variability of CO{sub 2} concentrations within meeting rooms. The field studies of the accuracy of single-location CO{sub 2} sensors included multi-concentration calibration checks of 90 sensors in which sensor accuracy was checked at multiple CO{sub 2} concentrations using primary standard calibration gases. From these evaluations, average errors were small, -26 ppm and -9 ppm at 760 and 1010 ppm, respectively; however, the averages of the absolute values of error were 118 ppm (16%) and 138 ppm (14%), at concentrations of 760 and 1010 ppm, respectively. The calibration data are generally well fit by a straight line as indicated by high values of R{sup 2}. The Title 24 standard specifies that sensor error must be certified as no greater than 75 ppm for a period of five years after sensor installation. At 1010 ppm, 40% of sensors had errors greater than {+-}75 ppm and 31% of sensors has errors greater than {+-}100 ppm. At 760 ppm, 47% of sensors had errors greater than {+-}75 ppm and 37% of sensors had errors greater than {+-}100 ppm. A significant fraction of sensors had errors substantially larger than 100 ppm. For example, at 1010 ppm, 19% of sensors had an error greater than 200 ppm and 13% of sensors had errors greater than 300 ppm. The field studies also included single-concentration calibration checks of 118 sensors at the concentrations encountered in the buildings, which were normally less than 500 ppm during the testing. For analyses, these data were combined with data from the calibration challenges at 510 ppm obtained during the multi-concentration calibration checks. For the resulting data set, the average error was 60 ppm and the average of the absolute value of error was 154 ppm. Statistical analyses indicated that there were statistically significant differences between the average accuracies of sensors from different manufacturers. Sensors with a 'single lamp single wavelength' design tended to have a statistically significantly smaller average error than sensors with other designs except for 'single lamp dual wavelength' sensors, which did not have a statistically significantly lower accuracy. Sensor age was not consistently a statistically significant predictor of error.

  19. IZ-CON: an intelligent zone controller for building systems operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, A.; Schub, M.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    into a number of well-formed sub-domains. Toward this end, a generative scheme for representation of buildings' systems control architecture is developed that allows for a structured distribution of systems' control logic. The scheme is cogently derived...

  20. Application Study of the Pump Water Flow Station for Building Energy Consumption Monitoring and Control Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, G.; Liu, M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a new building energy monitoring and pump speed control method. The pump speed is controlled to maintain the system resistance at an optimized value to approach the best pump efficiency and save pump power. The system resistance...

  1. Demand Responsive and Energy Efficient Control Technologies andStrategies in Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piette, Mary Ann; Kiliccote, Sila

    2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial buildings account for a large portion of summer peak electric demand. Research results show that there is significant potential to reduce peak demand in commercial buildings through advanced control technologies and strategies. However, a better understanding of commercial buildings contribution to peak demand and the use of energy management and control systems is required to develop this demand response resource to its full potential. The main objectives of the study were: (1) To evaluate the size of contributions of peak demand commercial buildings in the U.S.; (2) To understand how commercial building control systems support energy efficiency and DR; and (3) To disseminate the results to the building owners, facility managers and building controls industry. In order to estimate the commercial buildings contribution to peak demand, two sources of data are used: (1) Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) and (2) National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). These two sources indicate that commercial buildings noncoincidental peak demand is about 330GW. The project then focused on technologies and strategies that deliver energy efficiency and also target 5-10% of this peak. Based on a building operations perspective, a demand-side management framework with three main features: (1) daily energy efficiency, (2) daily peak load management and (3) dynamic, event-driven DR are outlined. A general description of DR, its benefits, and nationwide DR potential in commercial buildings are presented. Case studies involving these technologies and strategies are described. The findings of this project are shared with building owners, building controls industry, researchers and government entities through a webcast and their input is requested. Their input is presented in the appendix section of this report.

  2. Outside Air Ventilation Controller - Building America Top Innovation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    about this Top Innovation. See an example of this Top Innovation in action. Find more case studies of Building America projects across the country that are implementing outside...

  3. Summary Report: Control Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam; Lee, Yoonsu

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Design of Natural and Hybrid Ventilation Systems for Coolingof Natural and Hybrid Ventilation Systems in an OfficePeter. 1995. “Which Ventilation System? ” Building Services

  4. Summary Report: Control Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam; Lee, Yoonsu

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    curtain walls and fluorescent lighting, led to the more common commercial building forms of today that are typically all-glass,

  5. Summary Report: Control Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam; Lee, Yoonsu

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of occupant and automatic control systems. Both feedback (and automatic control of windows and mechanical system

  6. Detecting and tracing building occupants to optimize process control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiler,W.; Labeodan,T.; Boxem,G.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Philadelphia, USA Hoes P., Hensen J., Loomans M., Vries B. de, Bourgeois D. (2009) User behavior in whole building simulation, Energy and Buildings 41: 295-302. Huizinga, C., Abbaszadeh, S., Zagreus, L., Arens, E., (2006) Air quality and thermal comfort...

  7. Building HVAC Control System Interaction Issues: Two Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Q.; Deng, S.; Toole, C.; Xu, C.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Direct Digital Control (DDC) allows HVAC equipment to be controlled at an upper level (supervisory control) through commands from a central system, or at a lower-level (local-loop control) by local controllers. The various levels of equipment...

  8. CO2 MONITORING FOR DEMAND CONTROLLED VENTILATION IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisk, William J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    use of demand control ventilation systems in general officethe demand controlled ventilation system increased the ratedemand controlled ventilation systems will, because of poor

  9. A prediction of energy savings resulting from building infiltration control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McWatters, Kenneth Rob

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis provides a description of the methods of application of theoretical models of heat transfer in computer simulations, to determine the energy performance of a wall or building. The heat transfer simulations include calculation equations...

  10. The Role of Incentives in Building Controls Marketplace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderpool, C.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that innovative solutions can reduce energy consumption by 25 to 40 percent. According to the Energy Information Administration, buildings today consume 42 percent of energy generated, making investing in energy efficiency a critical piece of efforts to reduce...

  11. Detecting and tracing building occupants to optimize process control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiler,W.; Labeodan,T.; Boxem,G.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy storage capacity. Office buildings become a potential source of energy flexibility which can be offered to the grid as a Virtual Power Plant (VPP). In order to minimize uncertainty in the balance between energy supply and demand, it is necessary... the built environment, the so called micro grid, needs to become smart, intelligent and capable of adaptable behaviour in changing conditions. The sustainability demand leads to buildings which will use more and more renewable energy sources and will have...

  12. BacNet and Analog/Digital Interfaces of the Building Controls Virtual Testbed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nouidui, Thierry Stephane; Wetter, Michael; Li, Zhengwei; Pang, Xiufeng; Bhattachayra, Prajesh; Haves, Philip

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper gives an overview of recent developments in the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB), a framework for co-simulation and hardware-in-the- loop. First, a general overview of the BCVTB is presented. Second, we describe the BACnet interface, a link which has been implemented to couple BACnet devices to the BCVTB. We present a case study where the interface was used to couple a whole building simulation program to a building control system to assess in real-time the performance of a real building. Third, we present the ADInterfaceMCC, an analog/digital interface that allows a USB-based analog/digital converter to be linked to the BCVTB. In a case study, we show how the link was used to couple the analog/digital converter to a building simulation model for local loop control.

  13. Water Permits (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Water Permits Division authorizes permits administered under the Water Quality Regulations. Louisiana's Water Quality Regulations require permits for the discharge of pollutants from any point...

  14. A Meta-Analysis of Energy Savings from Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Alison

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    lighting in existing non-residential buildings: a comparisonComparison of control options in private offices in an advanced lightingLighting Energy Only Actual Installation Only Fig. 7. Comparison

  15. THE ROLE OF BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES IN REDUCING AND CONTROLLING PEAK ELECTRICITY DEMAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-49947 THE ROLE OF BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES IN REDUCING AND CONTROLLING PEAK ELECTRICITY DEMAND? ..................................... 8 What are the seasonal aspects of electric peak demand?............................ 9 What because of the California electricity crisis (Borenstein 2001). Uncertainties surrounding the reliability

  16. BacNet and Analog/Digital Interfaces of the Building Controls...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    This paper gives an overview of recent developments in the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB), a framework for co-simulation and hardware-in-the- loop. First, a general...

  17. Achieving Better Building Performance and Savings Using Optimal Control Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, H.; Deng, S.; Bruner, H.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    will be energized. After the minimum on time has expired, the lag chiller will be de- energized, when the load is less than 40% of the capacity of the lead chiller. Either chilled #1 or chiller #2 is needed to carry the entire cooling load whenever..., chiller 3 will be energized. This chiller will run only if the tonnage on either chillers (#1 or #2) becomes less than or equal to 20 tons for a certain length of time and if there are 3 or less AHUs running within the building. The building...

  18. Demo Abstract: Distributed Control of a Swarm of Buildings Connected to a Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simunic, Tajana

    Carnegie Mellon University, 6California Institute of Technology 1 Introduction Energy-efficient control energy consumption control have been proposed for small (e.g. homes) [8] and large (e.g. offices) buildings [3][6][1]. The mechanism each tool uses is dif- ferent, e.g. HVAC control [3] and appliance

  19. Towards Production Control on Multi-Story Building Construction Sites Proceedings IGLC-7 313

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tommelein, Iris D.

    was managed using electronic spreadsheets. This work shows that production planning and control can planning with line of balance and short term planning. The production control method uses the Last PlannerTowards Production Control on Multi-Story Building Construction Sites Proceedings IGLC-7 313

  20. The Optimizing Control and Energy Saving Operations of One Teaching Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, J.; Chen, Y.; Chen, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : cold source; energy-saving operation; number control; water temperature control 1. FOREWORD With the fast development of economy and technology, it becomes more and more popular for the public buildings to adopt the central air conditioning... systems. This phenomenon causes the sharp increase of the energy consumption on air conditioning systems, which accounts for 50% of the total energy consumption of buildings[1]. In addition, the energy consumption of the cold source system...

  1. A Prediction of Energy Savings Resulting from Building Infiltration Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McWatters, K.; Claridge, D. E.; Liu, M.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with the energy load found with a standard calculation (where the interaction effect is not considered), annual energy load savings were found in a warm climate as high as 17%. The results were less promising when compared against the performance of a building...

  2. Achieving Better Building Performance and Savings Using Optimal Control Strategies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, H.; Deng, S.; Bruner, H.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    did not function properly; Install relay in series with the operator control aquastat. Setup both setpoints and schedule for the boiler control while maintaining the safe operation logic. The setpoint will be effective in the range between... control aquastat. Setup both setpoints and schedule for boiler control while maintaining the safe operation logic. The setpoint will be effective in the range between ambient temperature and the operator control setpoint. Not yet Completed...

  3. Control, Estimation and Optimization of Energy Efficient Buildings Jeff Borggaard , John A. Burns , Amit Surana , Lizette Zietsman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, John A.

    Control, Estimation and Optimization of Energy Efficient Buildings Jeff Borggaard , John A. Burns-- Commercial buildings are responsible for a sig- nificant fraction of the energy consumption and greenhouse efficient buildings can have a tremendous impact on energy cost and greenhouse gas emission. Buildings

  4. Real-Time Building Energy Simulation Using EnergyPlus and the Building Controls Test Bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang, Xiufeng

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Controls Test Bed Xiufeng Pang, Prajesh Bhattachayra, ZhengVIRTUAL TEST BED Xiufeng Pang 1 , Prajesh Bhattacharya 1 ,

  5. Permit Regulations for the Construction and, or Operation of Air Emissions Equipment (Mississippi)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Permit Board will issue two types of air pollution control permits, a permit to construct air emissions equipment and a State Permit to Operate such equipment. A State Permit to Operate is...

  6. Innovative Control of Electric Heat in Multifamily Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lempereur, D.; Bobker, M.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the application of web-based wireless technology for control of electric heating in a large multifamily housing complex. The control system architecture and components are described. A web-based application enables remote...

  7. Comparison of Control Strategies for Energy Efficient Building HVAC Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    optimal control design for HVAC systems. In Dynamic SystemOpti- mal control of HVAC systems in the presence of imper-consumption minimization of hvac sys- tems using model

  8. Design and testing of a control strategy for a large naturallyventilated office building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrilho da Graca, Guilherme; Linden, Paul F.; Haves, Philip

    2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The design for the new Federal Building for San Franciscoincludes an office tower that is to be naturally ventilated. Each flooris designed to be cross-ventilated, through upper windows that arecontrolled by the building management system (BMS). Users have controlover lower windows, which can be as much as 50 percent of the totalopenable area. There are significant differences in the performance andthe control of the windward and leeward sides of the building, andseparate monitoring and control strategies are determined for each side.The performance and control of the building has been designed and testedusing a modified version of EnergyPlus. Results from studies withEnergyPlus and CFD are used in designing the control strategy. EnergyPluswas extended to model a simplified version of the airflow patterndetermined using CFD. Wind-driven cross-ventilation produces a main jetthrough the upper openings of the building, across the ceiling from thewindward to the leeward side. Below this jet, the occupied regions aresubject to a recirculating air flow. Results show that temperatureswithin the building are predicted to be satisfactory, provided a suitablecontrol strategy is implemented uses night cooling in periods of hotweather. The control strategy has 10 window opening modes. EnergyPlus wasextended to simulate the effects of these modes, and to assess theeffects of different forms of user behavior. The results show how userbehavior can significantly influence the buildingperformance.

  9. Roots of Mold Problems and Humidity Control Measures in Institutional Buildings with Pre-Existing Mold Condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, H.; Deng, S.; Bruner, H.; Garcia, J.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Humidity control and mold in buildings has become an increasingly important problem. Once a building has experience mold growth on walls, ceilings, and other surfaces, it does not take longterm exposure to moisture for mold to re...

  10. Determining Adaptability Performance of Artificial Neural Network-Based Thermal Control Logics for Envelope Conditions in Residential Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Jin Woo; Chang, Jae D.; Kim, Sooyoung

    2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the performance and adaptability of Artificial Neural Network (ANN)-based thermal control strategies for diverse thermal properties of building envelope conditions applied to residential buildings. The thermal performance using...

  11. Bells and Whistles, or Just Plain Effective? The New Generation of Wireless Controls in Existing Commercial Buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LaFlamme, S.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wireless controls are a key feature for improving the energy efficiency of existing commercial buildings. But what impact do they really have on building performance? This paper provides three case studies to explore the costs, benefits...

  12. Hybrid Model for Building Performance Diagnosis and Optimal Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, S.; Xu, X.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    simulation model is based on first principles, either a detailed first principles model, such as EnergyPlus (Crawley and Drury 2000), DOE-2 (Ed Kidd et al. 2001), or a simplified first principles model, such as AIRMODEL (Giebler et al. 1998) which....D. (1999). Whole building diagnostics. http://poet.lbl.gov/diagworkshop/proceedings Crawley, Drury B. (2000). EnergyPlus: energy simulation program; ASHRAE Journal Apr 2000; Vol. 42(4):49-56. Davis L. (1991). Handbook of genetic algorithms. New...

  13. Optimizing HVAC Control to Improve Building Comfort and Energy Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, L.; Joo, I.; Dong, D.; Liu, M.; Wang, J.; Hansen, K.; Quiroz, L.; Swiatek, A.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hp/each) and three return air fans (40hp/each). Each AHU serves both interior and exterior zones. Each MAHU serves half of the building (south and north). The main supply air ducts of two MAHUs are interlinked in a so-called ?donut? shape.... Two centrifugal chillers have been installed (450 ton/each). Each chiller has one dedicated constant- speed primary chilled water pump (15hp/each) and one dedicated constant-speed condensing water pump (25hp/each), respectively. A variable speed...

  14. Building Technologies Office (BTO) Sensors and Controls Technologies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy FutureDepartment of Energy BuildingDepartmentStandards(BTO)

  15. Controllability and invariance of monotone systems for robust ventilation automation in buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Controllability and invariance of monotone systems for robust ventilation automation in buildings [2] and control [3] of Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems leads to an improved comfort for the users and a reduction of energy consumption. Compared to traditional ceiling ventilation

  16. IMPLEMENTATION OF A HYBRID CONTROLLER FOR CRITICAL BUILDING HVAC SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig Rieger

    2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many industrial facilities utilize pressure control gradients to prevent migration of hazardous species from containment areas to occupied zones, often using Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control systems. When operators rebalance the plant, variation from the desired gradients can occur and the operating conditions can change enough that the PID parameters are no longer adequate to maintain a stable system. As the goal of the ventilation control system is to optimize the pressure gradients and associated flows for the plant, Linear Quadratic Tracking (LQT) is a method that provides a time-based approach to guiding plant interactions. However, LQT methods are susceptible to modeling and measurement errors, and therefore the additional use of soft computing methods is proposed for implementation to account for these errors and nonlinearities. The performance of the resulting hybrid controller is demonstrated through simulation and experimental testing as compared to a representative PID controller.

  17. Solar PV Permitting and Safety Training Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar provides training on two permitting resources for municipal inspectors; a prescriptive process for building inspectors and a guidance document for permitting for PV for electrical inspectors. The webinar also runs through a number of key code articles in Massachusetts 2014 electrical code and examines a variety of safety hazards commonly found during or after solar PV installations.

  18. Cost Control Best Practices for Net Zero Energy Building Projects: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leach, M.; Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For net zero energy (NZE) buildings to become the norm in commercial construction, it will be necessary to design and construct these buildings cost effectively. While industry leaders have developed workflows (for procurement, design, and construction) to achieve cost-effective NZE buildings for certain cases, the expertise embodied in those workflows has limited penetration within the commercial building sector. Documenting cost control best practices of industry leaders in NZE and packaging those strategies for adoption by the commercial building sector will help make the business case for NZE. Furthermore, it will promote market uptake of the innovative technologies and design approaches needed to achieve NZE. This paper summarizes successful cost control strategies for NZE procurement, design, and construction that key industry users (such as building owners, architects, and designers) can incorporate into their everyday workflows. It will also evaluate the current state of NZE economics and propose a path forward for greater market penetration of NZE buildings. By demonstrating how to combine NZE technologies and design approaches into an overall efficiency package that can be implemented at minimal (zero, in certain cases) incremental capital cost, the domain of NZE design and construction can be expanded from a niche market to the commercial construction mainstream.

  19. Hydronic Heating Retrofits for Low-Rise Multifamily Buildings: Boiler Control Replacement and Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dentz, J.; Henderson, H.; Varshney, K.

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ARIES Collaborative, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to implement and study improvements to the central hydronic heating system in one of the nonprofit's housing developments. The heating control systems in the three-building, 42-unit Columbia Cambridge Alliance for Spanish Tenants housing development were upgraded.

  20. Initial and Continuous Commissioning of Building Automation and Control Systems (BACS) -Preview EN ISO 16484-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kranz, H. R.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Forst 0 04 91 72/ 2 92 60 21 hans@kranz.com INITIAL AND CONTINUOUS COMMISSIONING OF BUILDING AUTOMATION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS (BACS) - PREVIEW EN ISO 16484 - Did you ever think about: ?why are our buildings so dumb?? The simple answer might be... it is realized that the initial and a continuous commissioning of building services is required ? the BACS is an important tool for performing that. The only globally accepted standard for BAC-Systems (BACS) is the EN ISO 16484 with its several parts. Part 2...

  1. Innovative Control of Electric Heat in Multifamily Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lempereur, D.; Bobker, M.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    monitoring of temperature, electric usage and control of peak demand through a temperature-based duty-cycling algorithm developed specifically for the application. Installed costs and energy savings are discussed. A 16% energy-use reduction was confirmed...

  2. Automated Demand Response Strategies and Commissioning Commercial Building Controls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila; Linkugel, Eric

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4 9 . Piette et at Automated Demand Response Strategies andDynamic Controls for Demand Response in New and ExistingFully Automated Demand Response Tests in Large Facilities"

  3. State Waste Discharge Permit ST-4502 Implementation Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BROWN, M.J.; LECLAIR, M.D.

    2000-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Plan has been developed to demonstrate compliance with regulatory requirements set forth in Permit ST-3502 and as a line management tool for use in maintaining configuration control of permit as well as documentation used to implement permit requirements.

  4. Humidity Control Systems for Civil Buildings in Hot Summer and Cold Winter Zone in China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, X.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Control Systems for Energy Efficiency and Comfort, Vol. V-3-1 Humidity Control Systems for Civil Buildings in Hot Summer and Cold Winter Zone in China Xiaoping Yu Doctoral Candidate Chongqing University of Science... the sensor-controller to run when humidity reaches a set level. A dehumidifying ventilator is particularly effective if the humidity source is in our basement. Dehumidifying ventilators don't recover heat but they use less electricity than heat pump...

  5. A Modelica-based Model Library for Building Energy and Control Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetter, Michael

    2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes an open-source library with component models for building energy and control systems that is based on Modelica, an equation-based objectoriented language that is well positioned to become the standard for modeling of dynamic systems in various industrial sectors. The library is currently developed to support computational science and engineering for innovative building energy and control systems. Early applications will include controls design and analysis, rapid prototyping to support innovation of new building systems and the use of models during operation for controls, fault detection and diagnostics. This paper discusses the motivation for selecting an equation-based object-oriented language. It presents the architecture of the library and explains how base models can be used to rapidly implement new models. To demonstrate the capability of analyzing novel energy and control systems, the paper closes with an example where we compare the dynamic performance of a conventional hydronic heating system with thermostatic radiator valves to an innovative heating system. In the new system, instead of a centralized circulation pump, each of the 18 radiators has a pump whose speed is controlled using a room temperature feedback loop, and the temperature of the boiler is controlled based on the speed of the radiator pump. All flows are computed by solving for the pressure distribution in the piping network, and the controls include continuous and discrete time controls.

  6. Energy-Efficient and Comfortable Buildings through Multivariate Integrated Control (ECoMIC)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Birru, Dagnachew [Philips Research North America; Wen, Yao-Jung [Philips Research North America; Rubinstein, Francis M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Clear, Robert D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

    2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This project aims to develop an integrated control solution for enhanced energy efficiency and user comfort in commercial buildings. The developed technology is a zone-based control framework that minimizes energy usage while maintaining occupants’ visual and thermal comfort through control of electric lights, motorized venetian blinds and thermostats. The control framework is designed following a modular, scalable and flexible architecture to facilitate easy integration with exiting building management systems. The control framework contains two key algorithms: 1) the lighting load balancing algorithm and 2) the thermostat control algorithm. The lighting load balancing algorithm adopts a model-based closed-loop control approach to determine the optimal electric light and venetian blind settings. It is formulated into an optimization problem with minimizing lighting-related energy consumptions as the objective and delivering adequate task light and preventing daylight glare as the constraints. The thermostat control algorithm is based on a well-established thermal comfort model and formulated as a root-finding problem to dynamically determine the optimal thermostat setpoint for both energy savings and improved thermal comfort. To address building-wide scalability, a system architecture was developed for the zone-based control technology. Three levels of services are defined in the architecture: external services, facility level services and zone level services. The zone-level service includes the control algorithms described above as well as the corresponding interfaces, profiles, sensors and actuators to realize the zone controller. The facility level services connect to the zones through a backbone network, handle supervisory level information and controls, and thus facilitate building-wide scalability. The external services provide communication capability to entities outside of the building for grid interaction and remote access. Various aspects of the developed control technology were evaluated and verified through both simulations and testbed implementations. Simulations coupling a DOE medium office reference building in EnergyPlus building simulation software and a prototype controller in Matlab were performed. During summer time in a mixed-humid climate zone, the simulations revealed reductions of 27% and 42% in electric lighting load and cooling load, respectively, when compared to an advanced base case with daylight dimming and blinds automatically tilted to block direct sun. Two single-room testbeds were established. The testbed at Philips Lighting business building (Rosemont, IL) was designed for quantifying energy performance of integrated controls. This particular implementation achieved 40% and 79% savings on lighting and HVAC energy, respectively, compared to a relatively simple base case operated on predefined schedules. While the resulting energy savings was very encouraging, it should be noted that there may be several caveats associated with it. 1) The test was run during late spring and early summer, and the savings numbers might not be directly used to extrapolate the annual energy savings. 2) Due to the needs for separate control and metering of the small-scale demonstrator within a large building, the HVAC system, hence the corresponding savings, did not represent a typical energy code-compliant design. 3) The light level in the control case was regulated at a particular setpoint, which was lower than then the full-on light level in the base case, and the savings resulted from tuning down the light level to the setpoint was not attributable to the contribution of the developed technology. The testbed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley, CA) specifically focused on glare control integration, and has demonstrated the feasibility and capability of the glare detection and prevention technique. While the short one-month test in this testbed provided a functional indication of the developed technology, and it would require at least a full solstice-to-solstice cycle to ruinously quan

  7. Building beauty: the genetic control of floral patterning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lohmann, J. U., and Weigel, D.

    2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 Floral organ identity is controlled by combinatorial action of homeotic genes expressed in different territories within the emerging flower. This review discusses recent progress in our understanding of floral homeotic genes, with an emphasis on how their region-specific expression is regulated.

  8. Model Predictive Control Approach to Online Computation of Demand-Side Flexibility of Commercial Buildings HVAC Systems for Supply Following

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of commercial building HVAC fan as ancillary service foralgorithm design for hvac systems in energy efficientoptimal control design for HVAC systems,” in Dynamic System

  9. Management and monitoring of public buildings through ICT based systems: control rules for energy saving of lighting , J. Virgone2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The presented work addresses the topic of energy savings in existing public buildings, when no significant reduction in energy usage and CO2 footprint in existing public buildings and spaces by implementingTitle Management and monitoring of public buildings through ICT based systems: control rules

  10. Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - Underground Injection...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - Underground Injection Control Registration webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site:...

  11. Simulation-based assessment of the energy savings benefits of integrated control in office buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hong, T.; Shen, E.

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is to use existing simulation tools to quantify the energy savings benefits of integrated control in office buildings. An EnergyPlus medium office benchmark simulation model (V1.0_3.0) developed by the Department of Energy (DOE) was used as a baseline model for this study. The baseline model was modified to examine the energy savings benefits of three possible control strategies compared to a benchmark case across 16 DOE climate zones. Two controllable subsystems were examined: (1) dimming of electric lighting, and (2) controllable window transmission. Simulation cases were run in EnergyPlus V3.0.0 for building window-to-wall ratios (WWR) of 33percent and 66percent. All three strategies employed electric lighting dimming resulting in lighting energy savings in building perimeter zones ranging from 64percent to 84percent. Integrated control of electric lighting and window transmission resulted in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) energy savings ranging from ?1percent to 40percent. Control of electric lighting and window transmission with HVAC integration (seasonal schedule of window transmission control) resulted in HVAC energy savings ranging from 3percent to 43percent. HVAC energy savings decreased moving from warm climates to cold climates and increased when moving from humid, to dry, to marine climates.

  12. Forest Road Building Regulations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources has regulations for building a forest road, if development requires one. Regulations include zoning ordinances and permits for stream crossing, grading...

  13. Hydronic Heating Retrofits for Low-Rise Multifamily Buildings: Boiler Control Replacement and Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dentz, J.; Henderson, H.; Varshney, K.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ARIES Collaborative, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. (HRI) of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to study improvements to the central hydronic heating system in one of the nonprofit's housing developments. The heating controls in the three-building, 42-unit Columbia Cambridge Alliance for Spanish Tenants housing development were upgraded. Fuel use in the development was excessive compared to similar properties. A poorly insulated thermal envelope contributed to high energy bills, but adding wall insulation was not cost-effective or practical. The more cost-effective option was improving heating system efficiency. Efficient operation of the heating system faced several obstacles, including inflexible boiler controls and failed thermostatic radiator valves. Boiler controls were replaced with systems that offer temperature setbacks and one that controls heat based on apartment temperature in addition to outdoor temperature. Utility bill analysis shows that post-retrofit weather-normalized heating energy use was reduced by 10%-31% (average of 19%). Indoor temperature cutoff reduced boiler runtime (and therefore heating fuel consumption) by 28% in the one building in which it was implemented. Nearly all savings were obtained during night which had a lower indoor temperature cut off (68 degrees F) than day (73 degrees F). This implies that the outdoor reset curve was appropriately adjusted for this building for daytime operation. Nighttime setback of heating system supply water temperature had no discernable impact on boiler runtime or gas bills.

  14. Intelligent Building Energy Information and Control Systems for Low-Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for about 70 percent of electricity use. To address energy security issues and environmental concerns&R International, 2011). To address energy security and environmental concerns there is an urgent needLBNL-5894E Intelligent Building Energy Information and Control Systems for Low-Energy Operations

  15. Co-simulation Based Building Controls Implementation with Networked Sensors and Actuators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sensors and actuators. This implementation has demonstrated an up to 57% savings in lighting electricity, WA, USA. Copyright 2011 ACM 978-1-4503-0749-9 ...$10.00 Keywords Integrated controls, lighting in the U.S. in 2010 while lighting alone in buildings is responsible for 18% of site electricity usage

  16. Demo: BACChat: A Building Automation Control Client for Sensor Data Collection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Dan

    Demo: BACChat: A Building Automation Control Client for Sensor Data Collection Abraham Hang-yat Lam that data loss occurs when we are using existing software; but we are short of tools to diagnose the problem regions like Hong Kong, where the industrial sector is relatively small, the impact of commercial

  17. Systems and methods for controlling energy use in a building management system using energy budgets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wenzel, Michael J; Drees, Kirk H

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods for limiting power consumption by a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) subsystem of a building are shown and described. A feedback controller is used to generate a manipulated variable based on an energy use setpoint and a measured energy use. The manipulated variable may be used for adjusting the operation of an HVAC device.

  18. Presidential Permits | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Presidential Permits Below is a listing of all the presidential permits grouped by Canada and Mexico. View the Presidental Permits - Mexico View the Presidential Permits -...

  19. Advanced Sensors and Controls for Building Applications: Market Assessment and Potential R&D Pathways

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brambley, Michael R.; Haves, Philip; McDonald, Sean C.; Torcellini, Paul; Hansen, David G.; Holmberg, David; Roth, Kurt

    2005-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant energy savings can be achieved in commercial building operation, along with increased comfort and control for occupants, through the implementation of advanced technologies. This document provides a market assessment of existing building sensors and controls and presents a range of technology pathways (R&D options) for pursuing advanced sensors and building control strategies. This paper is actually a synthesis of five other white papers: the first describes the market assessment including estimates of market potential and energy savings for sensors and control strategies currently on the market as well as a discussion of market barriers to these technologies. The other four cover technology pathways: (1) current applications and strategies for new applications, (2) sensors and controls, (3) networking, security, and protocols and standards, and (4) automated diagnostics, performance monitoring, commissioning, optimal control and tools. Each technology pathway chapter gives an overview of the technology or application. This is followed by a discussion of needs and the current status of the technology. Finally, a series of research topics is proposed.

  20. DISCOUNTED EVENT PERMIT REQUEST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DISCOUNTED EVENT PERMIT REQUEST Discounted daily parking rates are available for CSM events where or the daily scratch off permits: COMMUTER LOTS: $3.00 / day GENERAL LOTS: $4.00 / day Please e-mail or drop

  1. Solar Permitting Law (Oregon)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With the passage of HB 3516 in June 2011, solar permit application approval is a "ministerial function", provided a system meets certain guidelines. To qualify for this simplified permitting...

  2. Hydronic Heating Retrofits for Low-Rise Multifamily Buildings - Phase 1: Boiler Control Replacement and Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dentz, J.; Henderson, H.

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ARIES Collaborative, a Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. (HRI) of Cambridge, MA to implement and study improvements to the heating system in one of the non-profit's housing developments. The heating control systems in the 42-unit Columbia CAST housing development were upgraded in an effort projected to reduce heating costs by 15 to 25 percent.

  3. Quantum control and the challenge of non-Hermitian model-building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miloslav Znojil

    2015-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In the context of traditional quantum-control considerations it is conjectured that one of the promising new strategies of the constructive model building could be sought in a non-stationary upgrade of the formalism of PT-symmetric quantum mechanics. This upgrade is briefly reviewed and characterized by the simultaneous participation of a triplet of Hilbert spaces in the representation of a single quantum system.

  4. Open Control Networking Systems for Smarter Building Operations-Fundamentals of System Architecture and Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?Network ? Standardized ? Compatible?products ? Interchangeable ? Interoperable ? Customizable ? Cost?efficient ? Multi?vendor? ? Freedom?of?choice ICEBO Oct 18-20, 2011 ISO Standard 14908 Further Standards Adoption ? Buildings, Gas Stations, Kitchen Equipment.../Installation Standards ICEBO Oct 18-20, 2011 15 LonMark Standards?? ISO/IEC 14908 ANSI/EIA/CEA?709.1?Protocol ? An?open?standard?protocol?for?control?applications ? Reference?document?available?from?Global?Engineering ? Protocol...

  5. A Meta-Analysis of Energy Savings from Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Alison

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2013 California Building Energy Efficiency Standards.2013 California Building Energy Efficiency Standards.Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings 3:309-322.

  6. Assessment of Energy Use and Comfort in Buildings Utilizing Mixed-Mode Controls with Radiant Cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgeson, Samuel Dalton

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the course of designing low energy buildings. Standards Thecomfortable and usable low energy buildings. Specifically,is sized in a low-energy building. Thus the geometry,

  7. Occupant Control of Windows: Accounting for Human Behavior in Building Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgeson, Sam; Brager, Gail

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    performance of many low energy buildings. There is a richgrowing interest in low energy building designs are drivingcomfortable and usable low energy buildings. Specifically,

  8. Demand Responsive and Energy Efficient Control Technologies and Strategies in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann; Kiliccote, Sila

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Demand Response in Commercial Buildings 3.1. Demand Response in Commercial Buildings ElectricityDemand Response: Understanding the DR potential in commercial buildings

  9. Intelligent Building Energy Information and Control Systems for Low-Energy Operations and Optimal Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    account  demand  response  signals,  building?integrated of Automated Demand Response in Commercial Buildings.  and Demand Response in Commercial  Buildings. , LBNL 

  10. Advanced Controls and Communications for Demand Response and Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Hansen, David

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PA. 3. DEMAND RESPONSE IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS ElectricityDemand Response and Energy Efficiency in Commercial BuildingsDemand Response and Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings

  11. Design and Optimization of Control Strategies and Parameters by Building and System Simulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumann, O.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The shading system is controlled by the building control system to ensure proper operation in particularly during unoccupied periods. HVAC System Central heating system The central heating system consists of two heat pumps and one wood-fired furnace.... The ground water coupled heat pumps, 120 kW each, supply the basic load for heating at low temperatures of 28 ?C (82 ?F) to a maximum of 35 ?C (95 ?F). At these supply tem- peratures, in combination with ground water tempera- tures at about 10 ?C (50 ?F...

  12. Federal Environmental Permitting Handbook. Environmental Guidance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The handbook consists of eight chapters addressing permitting and licensing requirements under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (CERCLA/SARA), the Atomic Energy Act (AEA), the Clean Air Act (CAA), the Clean Water Act (CWA), the Federal Insectide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), and the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). Each chapter consists of: (1) an introduction to the statute and permitting requirements; (2) a diagram illustrating the relationship between permitting requirements under the statute being discussed and permitting requirements from other environmental statutes which may have to be addressed when applying for a particular permit (e.g., when applying for a RCRA permit, permits and permit applications under the CWA, CAA, SDWA, etc. would have to be listed in the RCRA permit application); and, (3) a compilation of the permitting requirements for the regulatory program resulting from the statute. In addition, the Handbook contains a permitting keyword index and a listing of hotline telephone numbers for each of the statutes.

  13. Radiation Control Coatings Installed on Federal Buildings at Tyndall Air Force Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaba, R.L.; Petrie, T.W.

    1999-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The technical objectives of this CRADA comprise technology deployment and energy conservation efforts with the radiation control coatings industry and the utility sector. The results of this collaboration include a high-level data reporting, analysis and management system to support the deployment efforts. The technical objectives include successfully install, commission, operate, maintain and document the performance of radiation control coatings on roofs at Tyndall AFB and the Buildings Technology Center at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory; determine the life cycle savings that can be achieved by using radiation control coatings on entire roofs at Tyndall AFB, based on documented installed cost and operating maintenance costs with and without the coatings; determine if any specific improvements are required in the coatings before they can be successfully deployed in the federal sector; determine the most effective way to facilitate the widespread and rapid deployment of radiation control coatings in the federal sector; and clearly define any barriers to deployment.

  14. CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR MANAGING ENERGY IN A BUILDING Julien Eynard, Benjamin Paris, Stphane Grieu, Thierry Talbert and Frdrik Thiery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR MANAGING ENERGY IN A BUILDING MOCK-UP Julien Eynard, Benjamin Paris strategies allowing efficiently managing energy in buildings is understanding the way the current French on both energy management strategies through cost reduction and energy consumption forecast, while Chen et

  15. Implementation and Testing of a Fault Detection Software Tool for Improving Control System Performance in a Large Commercial Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on a dual-duct air-handling unit installed in a large office building in San Francisco. We demonstrate related to implementation. Introduction Heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems in the treated building, greater energy consumption, and increased wear on controlled elements, such as actuators

  16. A Modular Building Controls Virtual Test Bed for the Integrations of Heterogeneous Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetter, Michael

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BACnet compliant building automation systems to Ptolemy II.the future, with Building Automation Systems (BAS). Typical

  17. Load-side Demand Management in Buildings using Controlled Electric Springs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soni, Jayantika; Krishnanand, KR; Panda, Sanjib

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Load-side Demand Management in Buildings using Controlleddemand side management has been a keen topic of interest. Buildings,

  18. Hazardous Waste Transporter Permits (Connecticut)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Transportation of hazardous wastes into or through the State of Connecticut requires a permit. Some exceptions apply. The regulations provide information about obtaining permits and other permit...

  19. Energy Performance Evaluation and Development of Control Strategies for the Air-conditioning System of a Building at Construction Stage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, S.; Xu, X.; Ma, Z.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -rising commercial office building in construction is presented. Alternative control strategies are proposed to improve the energy efficiency based on the current measurements of the original design as well as additional metering instruments as requested...

  20. Controlling Beryllium Contaminated Material And Equipment For The Building 9201-5 Legacy Material Disposition Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reynolds, T. D.; Easterling, S. D.

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This position paper addresses the management of beryllium contamination on legacy waste. The goal of the beryllium management program is to protect human health and the environment by preventing the release of beryllium through controlling surface contamination. Studies have shown by controlling beryllium surface contamination, potential airborne contamination is reduced or eliminated. Although there are areas in Building 9201-5 that are contaminated with radioactive materials and mercury, only beryllium contamination is addressed in this management plan. The overall goal of this initiative is the compliant packaging and disposal of beryllium waste from the 9201-5 Legacy Material Removal (LMR) Project to ensure that beryllium surface contamination and any potential airborne release of beryllium is controlled to levels as low as practicable in accordance with 10 CFR 850.25.

  1. Stormwater Permits (Vermont)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Stormwater permits are required for the construction of a new generation facility, the reconstruction or expansion of a facility, the operation of a generation facility which discharges stormwater...

  2. The use of energy management and control systems to monitor the energy performance of commercial buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heinemeier, K E [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Architecture

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monitored data play a very important part in the implementation and evaluation of energy conservation technologies and programs. However, these data can be expensive to collect, so there is a need for lower-cost alternatives. In many situations, using the computerized Energy Management and Control Systems (EMCSs)--already installed in many buildings--to collect these commercial building performance data has advantages over more conventional methods. This method provides data without installing incremental hardware, and the large amounts of available operational data can be a very rich resource for understanding building performance. This dissertation addresses several of these issues. One specific objective is to describe a monitoring-project planning process that includes definition of objectives, constraints, resources and approaches for the monitoring. The choice of tools is an important part of this process. The dissertation goes on to demonstrate, through eight case studies, that EMCS monitoring is possible, and to identify and categorize the problems and issues that can be encountered. These issues lead to the creation, use, and testing of a set of methods for evaluation of EMCS monitoring, in the form of guidelines. Finally, EMCS monitoring is demonstrated and compared with conventional monitoring more methodically in a detailed case study.

  3. A Meta-Analysis of Energy Savings from Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Alison

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    their real consumption. Energy and Buildings 40(4):514-523.monitored case studies. Energy and Buildings 35(5):441-461.of daylighting. Energy and Buildings 34: 421-429. Bourgeois

  4. Recommended Changes to Specifications for Demand Controlled Ventilation in California's Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisk, William J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards W.J. Fisk,s Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards Report toCommission, 2008 Building energy efficiency standards for

  5. Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffey, Brian

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    much to be learned from low-energy buildings designed beforefor innovative low-energy buildings. The approach grows outcontrols for low-energy building systems is challenging. It

  6. Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffey, Brian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    much to be learned from low-energy buildings designed beforefor innovative low-energy buildings. The approach grows outcontrols for low-energy building systems is challenging. It

  7. Model Predictive Control of Regulation Services from Commercial Buildings to the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Services from Commercial Buildings to the Smart Grid Mehdicommercial building hvac fan as ancillary service for smartbuildings flexibility can be utilized for frequency regulation provision in the smart

  8. Acoustical and Noise Control Criteria and Guidelines for Building Design and Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, J. B.; Himmel, C. N.

    Noise, vibration and acoustical design, construction, commissioning and operation practices influence building cost, efficiency, performance and effectiveness. Parameters for structural vibration, building systems noise, acoustics and environmental...

  9. ghMulti-Level Approach for Model-Based Predictive Control (MPC) in Buildings: A Preliminary Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Candanedo, J. A.; Dehkordi, V. R.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Model-based predictive control (MPC) has emerged in recent years as a promising approach to building operation. MPC uses models of the system(s) under control -and knowledge about future disturbances- to select an optimal set of actions. Despite its...

  10. Local Option- Green Building Incentives

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To encourage sustainable building practices, North Carolina law allows all counties and cities to provide reductions or partial rebates for building permit fees. To qualify for a fee reduction,...

  11. Recommended Changes to Specifications for Demand Controlled Ventilation in California's Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisk, William J.; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Faulkner, David

    2010-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In demand-controlled ventilation (DCV), rates of outdoor air ventilation are automatically modulated as occupant density varies. The objective is to keep ventilation rates at or above design specifications and code requirements and also to save energy by avoiding excessive ventilation rates. DCV is most often used in spaces with highly variable and sometime dense occupancy. In almost all cases, carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) sensors installed in buildings provide the signal to the ventilation rate control system. People produce and exhale CO{sub 2} as a consequence of their normal metabolic processes; thus, the concentrations of CO{sub 2} inside occupied buildings are higher than the concentrations of CO{sub 2} in the outdoor air. The magnitude of the indoor-outdoor CO{sub 2} concentration difference decreases as the building's ventilation rate per person increases. The difference between the indoor and outdoor CO{sub 2} concentration is also a proxy for the indoor concentrations of other occupant-generated bioeffluents, such as body odors. Reviews of the research literature on DCV indicate a significant potential for energy savings, particularly in buildings or spaces with a high and variable occupancy. Based on modeling, cooling energy savings from applications of DCV are as high as 20%. With support from the California Energy Commission and the U.S. Department of Energy, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has performed research on the performance of CO{sub 2} sensing technologies and optical people counters for DCV. In addition, modeling was performed to evaluate the potential energy savings and cost effectiveness of using DCV in general office spaces within the range of California climates. The above-described research has implications for the specifications pertaining to DCV in section 121 of the California Title 24 Standard. Consequently, this document suggests possible changes in these specifications based on the research findings. The suggested changes in specifications were developed in consultation with staff from the Iowa Energy Center who evaluated the accuracy of new CO{sub 2} sensors in laboratory-based research. In addition, staff of the California Energy Commission, and their consultants in the area of DCV, provided input for the suggested changes in specifications.

  12. Controlling Capital Costs in High Performance Office Buildings: A Review of Best Practices for Overcoming Cost Barriers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a set of 15 best practices for owners, designers, and construction teams of office buildings to reach high performance goals for energy efficiency, while maintaining a competitive budget. They are based on the recent experiences of the owner and design/build team for the Research Support Facility (RSF) on National Renewable Energy Facility's campus in Golden, CO, which show that achieving this outcome requires each key integrated team member to understand their opportunities to control capital costs.

  13. Storm Water Individual Permit.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    information meeting to discuss the biannual update on the NPDES Storm Water Individual Permit. Wednesday, January 22, 2014 5:30 p.m. Cities of Gold Conference Center 10 Cities of...

  14. Direct Discharge Permit (Vermont)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A direct discharge permit is required if a project involves the discharge of pollutants to state waters. For generation purposes, this involves the withdrawal of surface water for cooling purposes...

  15. Operating Permits (New Jersey)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The owner or operator of a facility subject to this article shall obtain and maintain an operating permit for the facility. The owner or operator of a facility subject to this article shall ensure...

  16. Water Use Permitting (Wisconsin)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Withdrawers in the Great Lakes Basin who withdraw water in quantities that average 100,000 gallons per day or more in any 30-day period are required to get a water use permit. Two types of water...

  17. General Air Permits (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Any source, including a temporary source, which emits or has the potential to emit any air contaminant requires an air permit. Facilities with potential emissions less than 5 tons per year of any...

  18. Wind Energy Permitting Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    All wind facilities larger than 0.5 megawatts (MW) that begin construction after July 1, 2010, must obtain a permit from any county in which the facility is located. Facilities must also obtain...

  19. Solar Construction Permitting Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Two bills signed in 2012 place limits on the fees that cities, counties, cities and counties, and charter cities can charge for a solar permit. AB 1801 specifies that a local government cannot base...

  20. Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - Geothermal Drilling Permit |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown ofNationwide PermitInformationIsland: Energy ResourcesProcess |Open Energy

  1. The Design of an Emissions Permit Market for RECLAIM: A Holistic Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldenberg, Evan

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    note 7, at 31. EMISSIONS PERMIT MARKET DESIGN uities maya transferable discharge permit * M.S.E.H.S. ( EnvironmentalTransferable Dis- charge Permits for Control of BOD: An

  2. Louisiana Title V General Permits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyer, B.E.; Neal, T.L.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Title V of the Federal Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 requires federal operating permits for all major sources of air pollution. In 1992, Title 40, Part 70 of the Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR Part 70) codified the law s requirements. These federal regulations, entitled Operating Permit Program, define the minimum requirements for state administered operating permit programs. The intent of Title V is to put into one document all requirements of an operating permit. General Permits for oil and gas facilities may be preferred if the facility can comply with all permit requirements. If greater flexibility than allowed by the General Permit is required, then the facility should apply for an individual Title V permit. General Permits are designed to streamline the permitting process, shorten the time it takes to obtain approval for initial and modified permits. The advantages of the General Permit include reduced paperwork and greater consistency because the permits are standardized. There should be less uncertainty because permit requirements will be known at the time of application. Approval times for Initial and modified General Permits should be reduced. Lengthy public notice procedures (and possible hearings) will be required for only the initial approval of the General Permit and not for each applicant to the permit. A disadvantage of General Permits is reduced flexibility since the facility must comply with the requirements of a standardized permit.

  3. Maricopa Assn. of Governments- PV and Solar Domestic Water Heating Permitting Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In an effort to promote uniformity, the Maricopa Association of Governments (MAG) approved standard procedures for securing necessary electrical/building permits for residential (single-family) and...

  4. Cost Control Strategies for Zero Energy Buildings: High-Performance Design and Construction on a Budget (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is mounting evidence that zero energy can, in many cases, be achieved within typical construction budgets. To ensure that the momentum behind zero energy buildings and other low-energy buildings will continue to grow, this guide assembles recommendations for replicating specific successes of early adopters who have met their energy goals while controlling costs. Contents include: discussion of recommended cost control strategies, which are grouped by project phase (acquisition and delivery, design, and construction) and accompanied by industry examples; recommendations for balancing key decision-making factors; and quick reference tables that can help teams apply strategies to specific projects.

  5. New building blocks for the ALICE SDD readout and Detector Control System in a commercial 0.25 $\\mu$ m CMOS technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivetti, A; Idzik, M; Rotondo, F

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New building blocks for the ALICE SDD readout and Detector Control System in a commercial 0.25 $\\mu$ m CMOS technology

  6. Building Energy Monitoring and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    platforms and  building automation systems (BAS), a building  automation  control,  fault  detection  and  diagnostics  (FDD),  and  continuous  system 

  7. The Economics of Green Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eichholtz, Piet; Kok, Nils; Quigley, John M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environment Quality in Green Buildings: A Review," Nationalof Popular Attention to Green Building Notes: Sources:2007 - 2009 panel of green buildings and nearby control

  8. City of Dallas- Green Building Expedited Plan Review

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Dallas Green Building Program establishes expedited permitting for green buildings. During Phase 1 of the program (October 1, 2009 - September 30, 2011), applicants must provide a checklist...

  9. Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffey, Brian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building load model in Modelica, showing the two main sub-condensation. LBNL- M Wetter. Modelica-based modeling anda buildings library for Modelica (Wetter, 2009b). This US-

  10. Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffey, Brian

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building load model in Modelica, showing the two main sub-condensation. LBNL- M Wetter. Modelica-based modeling anda buildings library for Modelica (Wetter, 2009b). This US-

  11. Advanced Controls and Communications for Demand Response and Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Hansen, David

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A demand-side management framework from building operationsdemand-side management (DSM) framework presented in Table 2 provides three major areas for changing electric loads in buildings:buildings in California. This paper summarizes the integration of DR in demand-side management

  12. Demand Responsive and Energy Efficient Control Technologies and Strategies in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann; Kiliccote, Sila

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a building operations perspective, a demand-side managementdemand-side management (DSM) framework presented in Table 2 provides three major areas for changing electric loads in buildings:buildings in California. This report summarizes the integration of DR in demand-side management

  13. City of San Jose- Solar Hot Water Heaters and Photovoltaic Systems Permit Requirements

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Building, Planning and Electrical Permits are required for Photovoltiac (PV) systems installed in San Jose. In most cases, PV systems must also undergo a Building Plan Review and an Electrical...

  14. Buildings Interoperability Landscape ? DRAFT

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers BACS building automation and control system BCHP building-cooling-heating-power BPM Business Process Modeling BTO...

  15. CONTROLLING ACCESS TO UNIVERSITY FACILITIES 1. It is the Policy of Syracuse University that all electronically secured University buildings will

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Patrick T.

    that all electronically secured University buildings will have a single access control system for managing) and the Department of Energy and Computing Management (ECM). B. INFORMATION 1.The policy establishes responsibility of electronic security systems and provides for the monitoring of external access to University facilities

  16. Building and Environment 42 (2007) 203217 Model-based analysis and simulation of airflow control systems of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melnik, Roderick

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , testing, operation, and management of heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems rely systems of ventilation units in building environments Zhuang Wua , Roderick V.N. Melnikb,Ă, Finn Borupc and simulation of the airflow control system of ventilation units is of primary importance for the design

  17. Permit application modifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains the Permit Application Modifications for the Y-12 Industrial Landfill V site on the Oak Ridge Reservation. These modifications include the assessment of stability of the proposed Landfill V under static and loading conditions. Analyses performed include the general slope stability, veneer stability of the bottom liner and cover system, and a liquefaction potential assessment of the foundation soils.

  18. Montana Water Quality Permit Application, Nondegradation Authorization...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - Supplemental Material: Montana Water Quality Permit Application, Nondegradation Authorization, and Permit FeesPermitting...

  19. Control Limits for Building Energy End Use Based on Engineering Judgment, Frequency Analysis, and Quantile Regression

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henze, G. P.; Pless, S.; Petersen, A.; Long, N.; Scambos, A. T.

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Approaches are needed to continuously characterize the energy performance of commercial buildings to allow for (1) timely response to excess energy use by building operators; and (2) building occupants to develop energy awareness and to actively engage in reducing energy use. Energy information systems, often involving graphical dashboards, are gaining popularity in presenting energy performance metrics to occupants and operators in a (near) real-time fashion. Such an energy information system, called Building Agent, has been developed at NREL and incorporates a dashboard for public display. Each building is, by virtue of its purpose, location, and construction, unique. Thus, assessing building energy performance is possible only in a relative sense, as comparison of absolute energy use out of context is not meaningful. In some cases, performance can be judged relative to average performance of comparable buildings. However, in cases of high-performance building designs, such as NREL's Research Support Facility (RSF) discussed in this report, relative performance is meaningful only when compared to historical performance of the facility or to a theoretical maximum performance of the facility as estimated through detailed building energy modeling.

  20. Final Scientific Technical Report: INTEGRATED PREDICTIVE DEMAND RESPONSE CONTROLLER FOR COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wenzel, Mike

    2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This project provides algorithms to perform demand response using the thermal mass of a building. Using the thermal mass of the building is an attractive method for performing demand response because there is no need for capital expenditure. The algorithms rely on the thermal capacitance inherent in the building?s construction materials. A near-optimal ?day ahead? predictive approach is developed that is meant to keep the building?s electrical demand constant during the high cost periods. This type of approach is appropriate for both time-of-use and critical peak pricing utility rate structures. The approach uses the past days data in order to determine the best temperature setpoints for the building during the high price periods on the next day. A second ?model predictive approach? (MPC) uses a thermal model of the building to determine the best temperature for the next sample period. The approach uses constant feedback from the building and is capable of appropriately handling real time pricing. Both approaches are capable of using weather forecasts to improve performance.

  1. Advanced Controls and Communications for Demand Response and Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Hansen, David

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    buildings. A demand-side management framework from buildingthe integration of DR in demand-side management activitiesdevelopments. The demand-side management (DSM) framework

  2. Assessment of Energy Use and Comfort in Buildings Utilizing Mixed-Mode Controls with Radiant Cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borgeson, Samuel Dalton

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    strategy (MM Tower) has relatively consistent energy useNevertheless, the energy difference between the tower only (energy performance of mixed-mode buildings with cooling towers and

  3. Application of the Software as a Service Model to the Control of Complex Building Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to lower building carbon footprint. The Distributed Energyenergy consumption, and carbon footprint. DER-CAM is used toenergy purchases and carbon footprint, future installations

  4. Application of CFD to Predict and Control Chemical and Biological Agent Dispersion in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    attack, since the conventional ventilation systems are not designed for such an attack. How to design ventilation systems that can protect buildings from such an attack is an urgent issue for the ventilation are especially hazardous when they are dispersed inside of a building, where traditional ventilation systems may

  5. Enhanced Control Installations.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    correctness. Title: Individual Permit, High Priority Sites, Examples of Enhanced Control Installations, Poster, Individual Permit for Storm Water, NPDES Permit No. NM0030759...

  6. Baseline Control Measures.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Individual Permit Baseline Control Measures at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Poster, Individual Permit for Storm Water, NPDES Permit No. NM0030759 Author(s): Veenis, Steven J....

  7. Modelica-based Modeling and Simulation to Support Research and Development in Building Energy and Control Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetter, Michael

    2009-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional building simulation programs possess attributes that make them difficult to use for the design and analysis of building energy and control systems and for the support of model-based research and development of systems that may not already be implemented in these programs. This article presents characteristic features of such applications, and it shows how equation-based object-oriented modelling can meet requirements that arise in such applications. Next, the implementation of an open-source component model library for building energy systems is presented. The library has been developed using the equation-based object-oriented Modelica modelling language. Technical challenges of modelling and simulating such systems are discussed. Research needs are presented to make this technology accessible to user groups that have more stringent requirements with respect to the numerical robustness of simulation than a research community may have. Two examples are presented in which models from the here described library were used. The first example describes the design of a controller for a nonlinear model of a heating coil using model reduction and frequency domain analysis. The second example describes the tuning of control parameters for a static pressure reset controller of a variable air volume flow system. The tuning has been done by solving a non-convex optimization problem that minimizes fan energy subject to state constraints.

  8. Coastal Permit Program Rules (New Jersey)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Coastal Permit Program Rules provide the processes for permit reviews. They include details on what activities need permits; the qualifications for general permits or permits-by-rule; the...

  9. Key Residential Building Equipment Technologies for Control and Grid Support PART I (Residential)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starke, Michael R [ORNL; Onar, Omer C [ORNL; DeVault, Robert C [ORNL

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrical energy consumption of the residential sector is a crucial area of research that has in the past primarily focused on increasing the efficiency of household devices such as water heaters, dishwashers, air conditioners, and clothes washer and dryer units. However, the focus of this research is shifting as objectives such as developing the smart grid and ensuring that the power system remains reliable come to the fore, along with the increasing need to reduce energy use and costs. Load research has started to focus on mechanisms to support the power system through demand reduction and/or reliability services. The power system relies on matching generation and load, and day-ahead and real-time energy markets capture most of this need. However, a separate set of grid services exist to address the discrepancies in load and generation arising from contingencies and operational mismatches, and to ensure that the transmission system is available for delivery of power from generation to load. Currently, these grid services are mostly provided by generation resources. The addition of renewable resources with their inherent variability can complicate the issue of power system reliability and lead to the increased need for grid services. Using load as a resource, through demand response programs, can fill the additional need for flexible resources and even reduce costly energy peaks. Loads have been shown to have response that is equal to or better than generation in some cases. Furthermore, price-incentivized demand response programs have been shown to reduce the peak energy requirements, thereby affecting the wholesale market efficiency and overall energy prices. The residential sector is not only the largest consumer of electrical energy in the United States, but also has the highest potential to provide demand reduction and power system support, as technological advancements in load control, sensor technologies, and communication are made. The prevailing loads based on the largest electrical energy consumers in the residential sector are space heating and cooling, washer and dryer, water heating, lighting, computers and electronics, dishwasher and range, and refrigeration. As the largest loads, these loads provide the highest potential for delivering demand response and reliability services. Many residential loads have inherent flexibility that is related to the purpose of the load. Depending on the load type, electric power consumption levels can either be ramped, changed in a step-change fashion, or completely removed. Loads with only on-off capability (such as clothes washers and dryers) provide less flexibility than resources that can be ramped or step-changed. Add-on devices may be able to provide extra demand response capabilities. Still, operating residential loads effectively requires awareness of the delicate balance of occupants health and comfort and electrical energy consumption. This report is Phase I of a series of reports aimed at identifying gaps in automated home energy management systems for incorporation of building appliances, vehicles, and renewable adoption into a smart grid, specifically with the intent of examining demand response and load factor control for power system support. The objective is to capture existing gaps in load control, energy management systems, and sensor technology with consideration of PHEV and renewable technologies to establish areas of research for the Department of Energy. In this report, (1) data is collected and examined from state of the art homes to characterize the primary residential loads as well as PHEVs and photovoltaic for potential adoption into energy management control strategies; and (2) demand response rules and requirements across the various demand response programs are examined for potential participation of residential loads. This report will be followed by a Phase II report aimed at identifying the current state of technology of energy management systems, sensors, and communication technologies for demand response and load factor control applications

  10. Roof aperture system for selective collection and control of solar energy for building heating, cooling and daylighting

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sanders, William J. (Kansas City, KS); Snyder, Marvin K. (Overland Park, KS); Harter, James W. (Independence, MO)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The amount of building heating, cooling and daylighting is controlled by at least one pair of solar energy passing panels, with each panel of the pair of panels being exposed to a separate direction of sun incidence. A shutter-shade combination is associated with each pair of panels and the shutter is connected to the shade so that rectilinear movement of the shutter causes pivotal movement of the shade.

  11. Understanding the Needs of Arkansas School Districts Relative to Building Use and Control Utility Tracking Personnel and Facility Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keazer, J. A.; Nutter, D. W.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the Needs of Arkansas School Districts Relative to Building Use and Control, Utility Tracking, Personnel, and Facility Planning Jay A. Keazer Darin W. Nutter Mechanical Engineering Department University of Arkansas... Fayetteville, Arkansas ABSTRACT This paper documents the results and conclusions from a survey of Arkansas public school district superintendents as part of a project to analyze the energy performance and utility-related needs of Arkansas’ K-12...

  12. ARRA FEMP Technical Assistance -- Federal Aviation Administration Project 209 -- Control Tower and Support Building, Palm Springs, CA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arends, J.; Sandusky, William F.

    2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report represents findings of a design review team that evaluated construction documents (at the 100% level) and operating specifications for a new control tower and support building that will be built in Palm Springs, California by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The focus of the review was to identify measures that could be incorporated into the final design and operating specifications that would result in additional energy savings for the FAA that would not have otherwise occurred.

  13. Controlling Energy-Efficient Buildings in the Context of Smart Grid: A Cyber Physical System Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is centered on the role of smart buildings in the context ofdiscuss the role of smart buildings in the emerging smart61]. Introduction Smart buildings today have sophisticated

  14. Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Optimal DER Technology Investment and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deru, D. Crawley (2006), “Zero Energy Buildings: A Criticaland Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings Michaeland Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings 1 Michael

  15. Plug-Load Control and Behavioral Change Research in GSA Office Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metzger, I.; Cutler, D.; Sheppy, M.

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) owns and leases over 354 million square feet (ft2) of space in over 9,600 buildings [1]. GSA is a leader among federal agencies in aggressively pursuing energy efficiency (EE) opportunities for its facilities and installing renewable energy (RE) systems to provide heating, cooling, and power to these facilities. According to several energy assessments of GSA's buildings conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), plug-loads account for approximately 21% of the total electricity consumed within a standard GSA Region 3 office building. This study aims to provide insight on how to effectively manage plug-load energy consumption and attain higher energy and cost savings for plug-loads. As GSA improves the efficiency of its building stock, plug-loads will become an even greater portion of its energy footprint.

  16. Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffey, Brian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    building e?ciency. Thermal energy storage is becoming morestored in a strati?ed thermal energy storage (TES) tank andwith thermal storage. ACEEE Summer Study on Energy E?ciency

  17. Initial and Continuous Commissioning of Building Automation and Control Systems (BACS) -Preview EN ISO 16484- 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kranz, H. R.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    8th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations - ICEBO?08 Conference Center of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology Berlin, October 20 - 22, 2008 Dipl.-Ing. Hans R. Kranz VDI HAK Consulting Enzstrasse 10 76694...

  18. Improving Building Control and System Operation Through the Continuous Commissioning® Process: A Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redmann, N.; Liu, M.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    into the redesign in 1993, however all air handling unit valve and damper actuators remain pneumatic. Energy Monitoring The majority of the facility is not monitored for energy use. The meter that measures whole building electricity consumption...

  19. Towards Building Occupants Positioning: Track and Trace for Optimal Process Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiler, W.; Labeodan, T.; Bozem, G.; Maaijen, R.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -time occupancy detection systems comprising multiple sensors within a wireless network (WSN) using technologies such as radio frequency identification (RFID) and WIFI enabled devices have been proposed for use in large commercial office buildings. However due...

  20. Application of the Software as a Service Model to the Control of Complex Building Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Response”, 22nd Annualdemand response, distributed generation, online buildingbuilding were not disaggregated to a sufficient detail by endues (e.g. refrigeration), conducting detailed demand response

  1. Regulatory and Permitting Issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larry Myer

    2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (WESTCARB), Terralog Technologies USA, Inc., reviewed current state and federal regulations related to carbon dioxide capture and storage within geologic formations and enhanced carbon uptake in terrestrial ecosystems. We have evaluated and summarized the current and possible future permitting requirements for the six states that comprise the West Coast Regional Partnership. Four options exist for CO{sub 2} injection into appropriate geologic formations, including storage in: (1) oil and gas reservoirs, (2) saline formations, (3) unmineable coal beds, and (4) salt caverns. Terrestrial CO{sub 2} sequestration involves improved carbon conservation management (e.g. reduction of deforestation), carbon substitution (e.g., substitution for fossil fuel-based products, energy conservation through urban forestry, biomass for energy generation), and improved carbon storage management (e.g., expanding the storage of carbon in forest ecosystems). The primary terrestrial options for the West Coast Region include: (1) reforestation of under-producing lands (including streamside forest restoration), (2) improved forest management, (3) forest protection and conservation, and (4) fuel treatments for the reduction of risk of uncharacteristically severe fires (potentially with associated biomass energy generation). The permits and/or contracts required for any land-use changes/disturbances and biomass energy generation that may occur as part of WESTCARB's activities have been summarized for each state.

  2. A Toolkit for Building Energy Consumption Data Quality Assurance/Quality Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltazar, J.C.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Independence of the energy balance load on secondary systems ESL-IC-11-10-30 Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference Enhanced Building Operations, New York City, October 18-20, 2011 ICEBO 2011 ? New York JCB... of the Eleventh International Conference Enhanced Building Operations, New York City, October 18-20, 2011 ICEBO 2011 ? New York JCB/ESL Energy Balance Curve - Interpretation Low CHW High HHW High ELE High Tindoor High VOA High envelope UA...

  3. A Control Scheme of Enhanced Reliability for Multiple Chiller Plants Using Mergerd Building Cooling Load Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, S.; Sun, Y.; Huang, G.; Zhu, N.

    , according to the surveys in Hong Kong and elsewhere, the direct measurement of building cooling load cannot always provide reliable measurements of building cooling load in practice due to the noises, outliers and systematic errors in measuring the water... ? is the water density (kg/L). In practice, w M is usually measured by water flow meters and and are measured by temperature sensors. It is known that these measurements are easily corrupted by measurement noises, outliers or systematic errors...

  4. City of Chicago- Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Chicago Energy Conservation Code (CECC) requires residential buildings applying for building permits to comply with energy efficient measures which go beyond those required by the [http://www...

  5. Chandler- Expedited Plan Review for Green Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The mayor and city council of Chandler, AZ adopted Resolution 4199 in June 2008, establishing incentives for green building in the private sector. Permit applications for buildings registered with...

  6. Controlling Energy-Efficient Buildings in the Context of Smart Grid: A Cyber Physical System Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hq-en.pdf. [4] Buildings energy data book. http://2012. [11] Building Energy Data Book of DOE. http://

  7. Wireless Infrastructure for Performing Monitoring, Diagnostics, and Control HVAC and Other Energy-Using Systems in Small Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patrick O'Neill

    2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This project focused on developing a low-cost wireless infrastructure for monitoring, diagnosing, and controlling building systems and equipment. End users receive information via the Internet and need only a web browser and Internet connection. The system used wireless communications for: (1) collecting data centrally on site from many wireless sensors installed on building equipment, (2) transmitting control signals to actuators and (3) transmitting data to an offsite network operations center where it is processed and made available to clients on the Web (see Figure 1). Although this wireless infrastructure can be applied to any building system, it was tested on two representative applications: (1) monitoring and diagnostics for packaged rooftop HVAC units used widely on small commercial buildings and (2) continuous diagnosis and control of scheduling errors such as lights and equipment left on during unoccupied hours. This project developed a generic infrastructure for performance monitoring, diagnostics, and control, applicable to a broad range of building systems and equipment, but targeted specifically to small to medium commercial buildings (an underserved market segment). The proposed solution is based on two wireless technologies. The first, wireless telemetry, is used for cell phones and paging and is reliable and widely available. This risk proved to be easily managed during the project. The second technology is on-site wireless communication for acquiring data from sensors and transmitting control signals. The technology must enable communication with many nodes, overcome physical obstructions, operate in environments with other electrical equipment, support operation with on-board power (instead of line power) for some applications, operate at low transmission power in license-free radio bands, and be low cost. We proposed wireless mesh networking to meet these needs. This technology is relatively new and has been applied only in research and tests. This proved to be a major challenge for the project and was ultimately abandoned in favor of a directly wired solution for collecting sensor data at the building. The primary reason for this was the relatively short ranges at which we were able to effectively place the sensor nodes from the central receiving unit. Several different mesh technologies were attempted with similar results. Two hardware devices were created during the original performance period of the project. The first device, the WEB-MC, is a master control unit that has two radios, a CPU, memory, and serves as the central communications device for the WEB-MC System (Currently called the 'BEST Wireless HVAC Maintenance System' as a tentative commercial product name). The WEB-MC communicates with the local mesh network system via one of its antennas. Communication with the mesh network enables the WEB-MC to configure the network, send/receive data from individual motes, and serves as the primary mechanism for collecting sensor data at remote locations. The second antenna enables the WEB-MC to connect to a cellular network ('Long-Haul Communications') to transfer data to and from the NorthWrite Network Operations Center (NOC). A third 'all-in-one' hardware solution was created after the project was extended (Phase 2) and additional resources were provided. The project team leveraged a project funded by the State of Washington to develop a hardware solution that integrated the functionality of the original two devices. The primary reason for this approach was to eliminate the mesh network technical difficulties that severely limited the functionality of the original hardware approach. There were five separate software developments required to deliver the functionality needed for this project. These include the Data Server (or Network Operations Center), Web Application, Diagnostic Software, WEB-MC Embedded Software, Mote Embedded Software. Each of these developments was necessarily dependent on the others. This resulted in a challenging management task - requiring high bandwidth communications among

  8. Quantifying National Energy Savings Potential of Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Alison

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Performance of Occupancy-Based Lighting Control Systems: AReview. ” Lighting Residential Technology 42:415-431. Itron,Information Template – Indoor Lighting Controls. Pacific Gas

  9. Broward County Online Solar Permitting (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Broward County now offers Go SOLAR Online Permitting*, for rooftop solar photovoltaic system permitting. This online permitting system may be used for residential or low commercial properties that...

  10. Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - NPDES Construction...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - NPDES Construction Stormwater General Permit Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory...

  11. Presidential Permit Holders - Annual Reports | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Permit Holders - Annual Reports Presidential Permit Holders - Annual Reports Presidential permit holders are responsible for reporting the gross amount electric energy which flows...

  12. Manor Farm Permit Fees from 1 March 2014 Staff permits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doran, Simon J.

    -Site: low * ÂŁ18.42 per month Car Share Permit * ÂŁ82.00 per annum 2 or more University motorists sharing: Permit Type ÂŁ Notes Essential Use ÂŁ201.00 per annum Car Share ÂŁ80.00 per annum 2 or more University motorists sharing SOUPS Permits ÂŁ8.75 for an allocation of 5 Maximum of 120 in an academic year University

  13. Application of the Software as a Service Model to the Control of Complex Building Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler, Michael; Donadee, Jonathan; Marnay, Chris; Mendes, Goncalo; Appen, Jan von; Megel, Oliver; Bhattacharya, Prajesh; DeForest, Nicholas; Lai, Judy

    2011-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In an effort to create broad access to its optimization software, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), in collaboration with the University of California at Davis (UC Davis) and OSISoft, has recently developed a Software as a Service (SaaS) Model for reducing energy costs, cutting peak power demand, and reducing carbon emissions for multipurpose buildings. UC Davis currently collects and stores energy usage data from buildings on its campus. Researchers at LBNL sought to demonstrate that a SaaS application architecture could be built on top of this data system to optimize the scheduling of electricity and heat delivery in the building. The SaaS interface, known as WebOpt, consists of two major parts: a) the investment& planning and b) the operations module, which builds on the investment& planning module. The operational scheduling and load shifting optimization models within the operations module use data from load prediction and electrical grid emissions models to create an optimal operating schedule for the next week, reducing peak electricity consumption while maintaining quality of energy services. LBNL's application also provides facility managers with suggested energy infrastructure investments for achieving their energy cost and emission goals based on historical data collected with OSISoft's system. This paper describes these models as well as the SaaS architecture employed by LBNL researchers to provide asset scheduling services to UC Davis. The peak demand, emissions, and cost implications of the asset operation schedule and investments suggested by this optimization model are analysed.

  14. Application of the Software as a Service Model to the Control of Complex Building Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler, Michael; Donadee, Jon; Marnay, Chris; Lai, Judy; Mendes, Goncalo; Appen, Jan von; M& #233; gel, Oliver; Bhattacharya, Prajesh; DeForest, Nicholas; Lai, Judy

    2011-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In an effort to create broad access to its optimization software, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), in collaboration with the University of California at Davis (UC Davis) and OSISoft, has recently developed a Software as a Service (SaaS) Model for reducing energy costs, cutting peak power demand, and reducing carbon emissions for multipurpose buildings. UC Davis currently collects and stores energy usage data from buildings on its campus. Researchers at LBNL sought to demonstrate that a SaaS application architecture could be built on top of this data system to optimize the scheduling of electricity and heat delivery in the building. The SaaS interface, known as WebOpt, consists of two major parts: a) the investment& planning and b) the operations module, which builds on the investment& planning module. The operational scheduling and load shifting optimization models within the operations module use data from load prediction and electrical grid emissions models to create an optimal operating schedule for the next week, reducing peak electricity consumption while maintaining quality of energy services. LBNL's application also provides facility managers with suggested energy infrastructure investments for achieving their energy cost and emission goals based on historical data collected with OSISoft's system. This paper describes these models as well as the SaaS architecture employed by LBNL researchers to provide asset scheduling services to UC Davis. The peak demand, emissions, and cost implications of the asset operation schedule and investments suggested by this optimization model are analyzed.

  15. Building America Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Strategies for Multifamily Buildings - Control strategies to improve hydronic space heating performance Building America Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning...

  16. Building Energy Information Systems: User Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granderson, Jessica

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy and building automation systems. Lilburn, GA:providers' use of building automation systems (BAS), orweb- based building control and automation systems and their

  17. Storm Water Discharge Permits (Wisconsin)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Wisconsin's storm water runoff regulations include permitting requirements for construction sites and industrial facilities, including those processing or extracting coal or gas. The purpose of the...

  18. Co-design of Control Algorithm and Embedded Platformfor Building HVAC Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi; Zhu, Qi; Li, Cheng; Meggers, Forrest; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Co-design of Control Algorithm and Embedded Platform foroptimal systems. We propose a co-design approach that an-mod- els, we explore the co-design of the control algorithm

  19. Application Study of the Pump Water Flow Station for Building Energy Consumption Monitoring and Control Optimization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, G.; Liu, M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the load requirement. Unfortunately, this method can not be applied to the systems using the pneumatic controller. Another difficulty of this control approach is that the valve position data is often unreliable. The valve could be stuck open...

  20. Boise Air Traffic Control Tower: High Performance and sustainable Building Guiding Principles Technical Assistance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fowler, Kimberly M.; Goel, Supriya; Henderson, Jordan W.

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Overview of energy efficiency opportunities for new FAA tower construction using the Boise Air Traffic Control Tower as an example.

  1. Systems and methods for controlling energy use in a building management system using energy budgets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wenzel, Michael J.

    2012-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Systems and methods for limiting power consumption by a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) subsystem of a building are shown and described. A mathematical linear operator is found that transforms the unused or deferred cooling power usage of the HVAC system based on pre-determined temperature settings to a target cooling power usage. The mathematical operator is applied to the temperature settings to create a temperature setpoint trajectory expected to provide the target cooling power usage.

  2. Overview of the Storm Water Individual Permit.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the LANL Storm Water Individual Permit? Poster, Individual Permit for Storm Water, NPDES Permit No...

  3. South Carolina Surface Water Withdrawal, Permitting Use, and Reporting Act (South Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Surface water withdrawals exceeding three million gallons during any one month require a permit; a permit will only be granted if the Department of Health and Environmental Control determines that...

  4. Flexibility Premium in Marketable Permits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macrina, Andrea

    & solutions Problem: The problem of (air) pollution and the associated market failure had long been a part of Pollution Markets for permits Substitution Principle In a Nutshell The Premium The Model Solution Results Taschini London School of Economics Economics of Pollution Markets for permits Substitution Principle

  5. Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Optimal DER Technology Investment and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Crawley (2006), “Zero Energy Buildings: A Critical Look atManagement in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings Michael Stadler,Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings 1 Michael Stadler

  6. Modelica-based Modeling and Simulation to Support Research and Development in Building Energy and Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetter, Michael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    504 78. Joe A. Clarke. Energy Simulation in Building Design.interoperability for energy simulation. In Proceedings ofgeneration building energy simulation program. Energy and

  7. DEMONSTRATION OF A HYBRID INTELLIGENT CONTROL STRATEGY FOR CRITICAL BUILDING HVAC SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig Rieger; D. Subbaram Naidu

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many industrial facilities utilize pressure control gradients to prevent migration of hazardous species from containment areas to occupied zones, often using Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control. Within these facilities, PID control is often inadequate to maintain desired performance due to changing operating conditions. As the goal of the Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) control system is to optimize the pressure gradients and associated flows for the plant, Linear Quadratic Tracking (LQT) provides a time-based approach to guiding plant interactions. However, LQT methods are susceptible to modeling and measurement errors, and therefore a hybrid design using the integration of soft control methods with hard control methods is developed and demonstrated to account for these errors and nonlinearities.

  8. Total Facility Control - Applying New Intelligent Technologies to Energy Efficient Green Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    protocols standards like ISO/IEC 14908 have been developed specifically for this purpose. They incorporate all control communication layers into one common structure and are easily and cost effectively implemented in each device. The ISO/IEC 14908... continues to enhance the interoperability guidelines and provides a forum for organizations to develop and adopt interoperable controls using ISO/IEC 14908. Energy Efficiency ? Driving Smart Controls Energy efficiency, energy conservation, and energy...

  9. The Advantage of Highly Controlled Lighting for Offices and Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinstein, Francis

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Highly Controlled Lighting for Offices and Commercialefficient, customized lighting for open-office cubicles.s “ambient” and “task” lighting components, 2) occupancy

  10. Total and Peak Energy Consumption Minimization of Building HVAC Systems Using Model Predictive Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    optimal control design for HVAC systems,’’ in Proc. Dynamicelectricity consumption in hvac using learning- based model-algorithm design for hvac systems in energy efficient

  11. Building America Expert Meeting Final Report: Multifamily Hydronic and Steam Heating Controls and Distribution Retrofits

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy Future ofHydronic Heating in Multifamily Buildings Jordan Dentz

  12. Change in historic buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Chien-Ni

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Change in historic buildings is inevitable. If these changes are not well-managed, the cityscape will be threatened because a city is composed of buildings. A good city should combine both growth and preservation. Controlling ...

  13. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) FEMP Technical Assistance Federal Aviation Administration – Project 209 Control Tower and Support Building Oakland, CA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arends, J.; Sandusky, William F.

    2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report represents findings of a design review team that evaluated construction documents (at the 70% level) and operating specifications for a new control tower and support building that will be build at Oakland, California by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The focus of the review was to identify measures that could be incorporated into the final design and operating specification that would result in additional energy savings for the FAA that would not have otherwise occurred.

  14. Danish Building Research Institute, Aalborg University 2009 Humidity as a control parameter for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ventilation system.....................................................................................11 for ventilation Phase 2: Development and testing of ventilation strategies in the laboratory Alireza Afshari Niels C. Bergsře #12;Title Humidity as a control parameter for ventilation Subtitle Phase 2: Development

  15. Improving Building Control and System Operation Through the Continuous Commissioning® Process: A Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redmann, N.; Liu, M.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and Energy Management and Control System (EMCS) functionality. It also aided in the identification of mechanical systems needing repair. The optimization of the HVAC systems and advanced utilization of the EMCS reduced the combined heating and cooling energy...

  16. Demand response-enabled autonomous control for interior space conditioning in residential buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xue

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pubs/history/2002/nov7.htm>. [2] Our history, Honeywell, honeywell.com/ honeywell/about-us/our-history.html>. [companies in this business Honeywell and Johnson Controls.

  17. Optics and materials research for controlled radiant energy transfer in buildings. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldner, R.B.

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objective of this project was to perform the optics and materials research necessary to identify and solve the technical problems associated with fabricating durable, variable reflectivity electrochromic windows for energy efficient buildings and vehicles. The research performed at the Tufts Electro-Optics Technology Center (EOTC) has identified and solved nearly all the significant problems, as discussed below in this final technical report. There still remains, however, one important problem to be solved--i.e., to better understand the science of deposition processes and thereby develop and optimize one or more production-worthy deposition processes that could be used for the practical production of affordable, variable reflectivity electrochromic windows. Therefore, it is recommended that such studies be carried out with the goals of: (1) determining the probable practical limits of performance; and, very importantly, (2) to develop and optimize deposition processes that could be used for the practical production of affordable electrochromic windows.

  18. City of Anaheim This page outlines solar PV incentives, financing mechanisms, permitting process, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a contract. Back to Top Financing Information Federal Solar Incentives o Residential Renewable Energy TaxCity of Anaheim This page outlines solar PV incentives, financing mechanisms, permitting process | Incentives | Permitting | Interconnection Contact Information City of Anaheim Building Division 200 S

  19. The role of building technologies in reducing and controlling peak electricity demand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koomey, Jonathan; Brown, Richard E.

    2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Peak power demand issues have come to the fore recently because of the California electricity crisis. Uncertainties surrounding the reliability of electric power systems in restructured markets as well as security worries are the latest reasons for such concerns, but the issues surrounding peak demand are as old as the electric utility system itself. The long lead times associated with building new capacity, the lack of price response in the face of time-varying costs, the large difference between peak demand and average demand, and the necessity for real-time delivery of electricity all make the connection between system peak demand and system reliability an important driver of public policy in the electric utility sector. This exploratory option paper was written at the request of Jerry Dion at the U.S.Department of Energy (DOE). It is one of several white papers commissioned in 2002 exploring key issues of relevance to DOE. This paper explores policy-relevant issues surrounding peak demand, to help guide DOE's research efforts in this area. The findings of this paper are as follows. In the short run, DOE funding of deployment activities on peak demand can help society achieve a more economically efficient balance between investments in supply and demand-side technologies. DOE policies can promote implementation of key technologies to ameliorate peak demand, through government purchasing, technology demonstrations, and improvements in test procedures, efficiency standards, and labeling programs. In the long run, R&D is probably the most important single leverage point for DOE to influence the peak demand issue. Technologies for time-varying price response hold great potential for radically altering the way people use electricity in buildings, but are decades away from widespread use, so DOE R&D and expertise can make a real difference here.

  20. Solar Construction Permitting Standards (California)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Two bills signed in 2012 place limits on the fees that cities, counties, cities and counties, and charter cities can charge for a solar permit. AB 1801 specifies that a local government cannot base...

  1. Solar Permitting & Inspection Webinar Series

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    ICLEI Local Governments for Sustainability U.S.A. and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council, Inc. (IREC) present a series of three webinars on Solar Permitting & Inspection. As part of the U...

  2. Class 1 Permit Modification Notification

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Waste Bureau New Mexico Environment Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive East, Bu il ding 1 Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505-6303 JUL 0 5 2011 Subject: Notification of a Class 1 Permit...

  3. Well Permits (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Well permits are required for the installation of wells in private and public space. Wells are defined as any trest hole, shaft, or soil excavation created by any means including, but not limited...

  4. Solar and Wind Permitting Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Jersey has enacted three separate laws addressing local permitting practices for solar and wind energy facilities. The first deals with solar and wind facilities located in industrial-zoned...

  5. State waste discharge permit application, 200-E chemical drain field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order negotiations (Ecology et al. 1994), the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office, the US Environmental Protection Agency, and the Washington State Department of Ecology agreed that liquid effluent discharges to the ground on the Hanford Site which affect groundwater or have the potential to affect ground would be subject to permitting under the structure of Chapter 173-216 (or 173-218 where applicable) of the Washington Administrative Code, the State Waste Discharge Permit Program. As a result of this decision, the Washington State Department of Ecology and the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office entered into Consent Order No. DE 91NM-177, (Ecology and DOE-RL 1991). The Consent Order No. DE 91NM-177 requires a series of permitting activities for liquid effluent discharges. This document presents the State Waste Discharge Permit (SWDP) application for the 200-E Chemical Drain Field. Waste water from the 272-E Building enters the process sewer line directly through a floor drain, while waste water from the 2703-E Building is collected in two floor drains, (north and south) that act as sumps and are discharged periodically. The 272-E and 2703-E Buildings constitute the only discharges to the process sewer line and the 200-E Chemical Drain Field.

  6. Radiation control coatings installed on federal buildings at Tyndall Air Force Base. Volume 2: Long-term monitoring and modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petrie, T.W.; Childs, P.W.

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) supports efforts to reduce energy use and associated expenses in the federal sector. One such effort, the New Technology Demonstration Program (NTDP), seeks to evaluate new energy-saving US technologies and secure their more timely adoption by the US government. Through a partnership with a federal site, the utility serving the site, a manufacturer of an energy-related technology, and other organizations associated with these interests, DOE can evaluate a new technology. The results of the program give federal agency decision makers more hands-on information with which to validate a decision to utilize a new technology in their facilities. This is the second volume of a two-volume report that describes the effects of radiation control coatings installed on federal buildings at Tyndall Air Force Base (AFB) in Florida by ThermShield International. ORNL`s Buildings Technology Center (BTC) was assigned the responsibility for gathering, analyzing, and reporting on the data to describe the effects of the coatings. The first volume described the monitoring plan and its implementation, the results of pre-coating monitoring, the coating installation, results from fresh coatings compared to pre-coating results, and a plan to decommission the monitoring equipment. This second volume updates and completes the presentation of data to compare performance of fresh coatings with weathered coatings.

  7. Building America Case Study: Advanced Boiler Load Monitoring Controllers, Chicago, Illinois (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PARR

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beyond these initial system efficiency upgrades are an emerging class of Advanced Load Monitoring (ALM) aftermarket controllers that dynamically respond to the boiler load, with claims of 10% to 30% of fuel savings over a heating season. For hydronic boilers specifically, these devices perform load monitoring, with continuous measurement of supply and in some cases return water temperatures. Energy savings from these ALM controllers are derived from dynamic management of the boiler differential, where a microprocessor with memory of past boiler cycles prevents the boiler from firing for a period of time, to limit cycling losses and inefficient operation during perceived low load conditions. These differ from OTR controllers, which vary boiler setpoint temperatures with ambient conditions while maintaining a fixed differential. PARR installed and monitored the performance of one type of ALM controller, the M2G from Greffen Systems, at multifamily sites in the city of Chicago and its suburb Cary, IL, both with existing OTR control. Results show that energy savings depend on the degree to which boilers are over-sized for their load, represented by cycling rates. Also savings vary over the heating season with cycling rates, with greater savings observed in shoulder months. Over the monitoring period, over-sized boilers at one site showed reductions in cycling and energy consumption in line with prior laboratory studies, while less over-sized boilers at another site showed muted savings.

  8. Underground Injection Control Permits and Registrations (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Chapter 27 of the Texas Water Code (the Injection Well Act) defines an “injection well” as “an artificial excavation or opening in the ground made by digging, boring, drilling, jetting, driving, or...

  9. HQ Work Control Permit | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaefer To: CongestionDevelopmentHEADQUARTERS MEDIATIONPower SuppliesNameTo ensure

  10. WATER POLLUTION CONTROL GENERAL PERMIT GNEV93001

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilAElectronic Input Options Gary L. Hirsch SNLMay 20102UNCLASSIFIEDOffice

  11. Integration of Photovoltaics into Building Energy Usage through Advanced Control of Rooftop Unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Starke, Michael R [ORNL] [ORNL; Nutaro, James J [ORNL] [ORNL; Irminger, Philip [ORNL] [ORNL; Ollis, Benjamin [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Kuruganti, Phani Teja [ORNL] [ORNL; Fugate, David L [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a computational approach to forecast photovoltaic (PV) power in kW based on a neural network linkage of publicly available cloud cover data and on-site solar irradiance sensor data. We also describe a control approach to utilize rooftop air conditioning units (RTUs) to support renewable integration. The PV forecasting method is validated using data from a rooftop PV panel installed on the Distributed Energy, Communications, and Controls (DECC) laboratory at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The validation occurs in multiple phases to ensure that each component of the approach is the best representation of the actual expected output. The control of the RTU is based on model predictive methods.

  12. The Advantage of Highly Controlled Lighting for Offices and Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rubinstein, Francis; Bolotov, Dmitriy; Levi, Mark; Powell, Kevin; Schwartz, Peter

    2008-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper presents results from pilot studies of new 'workstation-specific' luminaires that are designed to provide highly, efficient, customized lighting for open-office cubicles. Workstation specific luminaires have the following characteristics: (1) they provide separate, dimming control of the cubicle's 'ambient' and 'task' lighting components, (2) occupancy sensors and control photosensors are integrated into the fixture's design and operation, (3) luminaires can be networked using physical cabling, microcontrollers and a PC running control software. The energy savings, demand response capabilities and quality of light from the two WS luminaires were evaluated and compared to the performance of a static, low-ambient lighting system that is uncontrolled. Initial results from weeks of operation provide strong indication that WS luminaires can largely eliminate the unnecessary lighting of unoccupied cubicles while providing IESNA-required light levels when the cubicles are occupied. Because each cubicle's lighting is under occupant sensor control, the WS luminaires can capitalize on the fact cubicles are often unoccupied during normal working hours and reduce their energy use accordingly.

  13. Application for Replacement of Certificates, Permits, or Licenses Page 1 of 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Application for Replacement of Certificates, Permits, or Licenses Page 1 of 4 Revised: 12/10/2012 OMB Control No. 0648-0272 Expiration Date: 11/30/2015 APPLICATION FOR REPLACEMENT OF CERTIFICATES ­ REPLACEMENT REQUEST (Check Only the Items That Apply) PART I ­ BSAI Crab Permits and Scallop Permits [ ] Crab

  14. Tool coupling for the design and operation of building energy and control systems based on the Functional Mock-up Interface standard

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nouidui, Thierry Stephane; Wetter, Michael

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes software tools developed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) that can be coupled through the Functional Mock-up Interface standard in support of the design and operation of building energy and control systems. These tools have been developed to address the gaps and limitations encountered in legacy simulation tools. These tools were originally designed for the analysis of individual domains of buildings, and have been difficult to integrate with other tools for runtime data exchange. The coupling has been realized by use of the Functional Mock-up Interface for co-simulation, which standardizes an application programming interface for simulator interoperability that has been adopted in a variety of industrial domains. As a variety of coupling scenarios are possible, this paper provides users with guidance on what coupling may be best suited for their application. Furthermore, the paper illustrates how tools can be integrated into a building management system to support the operation of buildings. These tools may be a design model that is used for real-time performance monitoring, a fault detection and diagnostics algorithm, or a control sequence, each of which may be exported as a Functional Mock-up Unit and made available in a building management system as an input/output block. We anticipate that this capability can contribute to bridging the observed performance gap between design and operational energy use of buildings.

  15. PERMITTING LEADERSHIP IN THE UNITED STATES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ken Nemeth

    2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In accordance with the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) proposal, as incorporated into NETL/DE-FC26-97FT34199, the objective of this agreement is to streamline the environmental technology permitting process site-to-site, state-to-state, and industry-to-industry to achieve remediation and waste processing faster, better and cheaper. SSEB is working with member Governors, legislators and regulators to build consensus on streamlining the permitting process for new and innovative technologies for addressing the legacy of environmental problems from 50 years of weapons research, development and production. This report reviews mechanisms whereby industry consortiums and the Department of Energy (DOE) have been working with State regulators and other officials in technology deployment decisions within the DOE complex. The historic development of relationships with State regulators is reviewed and the current nature of the relationships examined. The report contains observations from internal DOE reviews as well as recommendations from the General Accounting Office (GAO) and other external organizations. The report discusses reorganization initiatives leading up to a DOE Top-to-Bottom review of the Environmental Management (EM) Program and highlights points of consideration for maintaining effective linkages with State regulators. It notes how the proposed changes will place new demands upon the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and how NETL can leverage its resources by refocusing existing EM efforts specifically to states that have DOE facilities within their borders (host-states). Finally, the report discusses how SSEB's Permitting Leadership in the United States (PLUS) program can provide the foundation for elements of NETL's technical assistance program that are delivered to regulators and other decision- makers in host-states. As a regional compact commission, SSEB provides important direct linkages to regulators and stakeholders who need technical assistance to evaluate DOE's cleanup plans. In addition, the PLUS program has facilitated the involvement of key regulators from host-states beyond the Southern region.

  16. UIC permitting process for class IID and Class III wells: Protection of drinking water in New York State

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hillenbrand, C.J. [EPA, New York, NY (United States)

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region II, Underground Injection Control (UIC) Program regulates injection wells in the State of New York to protect drinking water; UIC regulations can be found under Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations Parts 124, 144, 146 and 147. Operators of solution mining injection wells (UIC Class IIIG) and produced fluid disposal wells (UIC Class IID) are required to obtain an UIC permit for authorization to inject. The permitting process requires submittal of drinking water, geologic and proposed operational data in order to assure that pressure build-up within the injection zone will not compromise confining layers and allow vertical migration of fluid into Underground Sources of Drinking Water (USDW). Additional data is required within an Area of Review (AOR), defined as an area determined by the intersection of the adjusted potentiometric surface produced by injection and a depth 50 feet below the base of the lowermost USDW, or a radius of 1/4 mile around the injection well, whichever is greater. Locations of all wells in the AOR must be identified, and completion reports and plugging reports must be submitted. Requirements are set for maximum injection pressure and flow rates, monitoring of brine properties of the injection well and monitoring of water supply wells in the AOR for possible contamination. Any noncompliance with permit requirements constitutes a violation of the Safe Drinking Water Act and is grounds for enforcement action, including possible revocation of permit. Presently four Class IID wells are authorized under permit in New York State. The Queenston sandstone, Medina sandstone, Salina B, Akron dolomite and Oriskany sandstone have been used for brine disposal; the lower Ordovician-Cambrian section is currently being considered as an injection zone. Over one hundred Class IIIG wells are authorized under permit in New York State and all have been utilized for solution mining of the Syracuse salt.

  17. Permitting of Consumptive Uses of Water (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Local water management districts are required to establish programs and regulations to provide for the permitting of consumptive uses of water. Such permitting programs are subject to the...

  18. Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - Dangerous Waste Treatment...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - Dangerous Waste Treatment Storage Disposal Facility New Permit Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web...

  19. Operating Permits and Emission Fees (New Mexico)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The New Mexico Environment Department's Air Quality Bureau processes permit applications for industries that emit pollutants to the air. The Permitting Section consists of three units, the Minor...

  20. TPDES General Permit No. TXR150000

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    individual permit. This permit does not authorize the discharge or land disposal of any wastewater from concrete batch plants at regulated construction sites. Authorization for...

  1. Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures serve to protect Georgia's natural and environmental resources by requiring permits be issued by the Director of the Environmental Protection...

  2. Presidential Permits - Procedures | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Procedures Presidential Permits - Procedures Executive Order 12038 states that, before a Presidential permit may be issued, the action must be found to be consistent with the...

  3. Building America Webinar: Central Multifamily Water Heating Systems- Energy-Efficient Controls for Multifamily Domestic Hot Water

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was delivered at the U.S. Department of Energy Building America webinar on January 21, 2015.

  4. File:5 CCR 1001-5 Colorado Stationary Source Permitting and Air...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    icon File:5 CCR 1001-5 Colorado Stationary Source Permitting and Air Pollution Control Emission Notice Requirements.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File...

  5. Permit sellers, permit buyers S93 CLIMATE POLICY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : China and Canada's roles in a global low-carbon society CHRIS BATAILLE*, JIANJUN TU, MARK JACCARD Energy, the abatement cost schedules of China and Canada are compared, and implications considered for carbon permit, coupled with supplementary regulations to address market failures. Keywords: Canada; carbon trading; China

  6. Abstract--In this paper, we present the voltage build up process and the terminal voltage control of an isolated wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abstract-- In this paper, we present the voltage build up process and the terminal voltage control that when capacitors are connected across the stator terminals of an induction machine, driven in the stator will continue to grow until steady-state condition is reached [2, 3]. However, self excitation has

  7. Parking Options 2011/12 Reserved Permits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parking Options 2011/12 Reserved Permits A Reserved permit is $275 this fiscal year and is only available to faculty and staff through payroll deduction. Individuals issued a Reserved permit may park is completely full someone is parked illegally and Parking Services should be notified. Reserved permit holders

  8. Building Stones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3). Photographs by the author. Building Stones, Harrell, UEEOxford Short Citation: Harrell, 2012, Building Stones. UEE.Harrell, James A. , 2012, Building Stones. In Willeke

  9. Waste-to-energy permitting sourcebook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Longwell, D.; Wegrecki, A.; Williams, D. (Bechtel Group, Inc., San Francisco, CA (United States))

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental issues, regulatory processes and approvals important in obtaining a permit to construct and/or operate a waste-to-energy (WTE) facility are identified and discussed. Environmental issues include: (1) air emission levels, their control and potential impacts, (2) ash leachability, treatment, and disposal, (3) potential health risks from emissions, and (4) other issues such as need/benefit and public perception of WTE. Laws, regulations and approvals that can affect project development are identified and listed, and potential regulatory trends are discussed. A general permit acquisition plan is also presented. An analysis of environmental and regulatory data obtained from the literature, regulatory agencies, and specific projects is presented. California and Massachusetts, both with regulations generally more stringent than federal regulations and considered environmentally conservative, were selected for detailed state regulatory review. Two project case histories (Commerce Refuse-to-Energy (RTE) Project in California and SEMASS WTE Project in Massachusetts) were selected to illustrate: (1) how regulations are actually applied to a project, (2) project-specific permit and operating conditions, and (3) project-specific environmental issues. Modern WTE plots employ state-of-the-art air emission control technologies and strategies to reduce air emission is to levels below regulatory requirements and to reduce estimated health risks to within EPA's acceptable risk range. WTE ash leachate can exhibit hazardous waste characteristics, primarily lead and cadmium. However, modern landfills utilize liners and leachate collection systems to prevent infiltration of leachate into the groundwater supply. Modern WTE plants employ dry systems and have zero process wastewater discharge.

  10. BUILDING ENERGY 1987 Edition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    changes in lighting control and HVAC requirements. The lighting control requirements in Section 2-5319(a, are required for all alterations. The HVAC requirements of new buildings are requ ired for some HVAC alterat for a wide variety of building shapes. "SECOND GENERATioN" ALTERNATIVE HVAC COMPLIANCE CODIFIED 4

  11. Energy Performance Evaluation and Development of Control Strategies for the Air-conditioning System of a Building at Construction Stage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, S.; Xu, X.; Ma, Z.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . These control strategies mainly involve optimal chiller sequencing control, cooling tower sequencing control, optimal water pressure differential set-point control, AHU supply air static pressure reset control and DCV-based fresh air control, etc. To assess...

  12. Connecticut Rooftop Solar PV Permitting Guide

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Connecticut Rooftop Solar PV Permitting Guide is a compilation of best practices and resources for solar PV permitting. The guide includes a summary of current codes and regulations affecting solar PV, best practices for streamlining the municipal permitting process, and tools to assist municipalities in creating a streamlined permit process for residential solar PV. Resources include a solar PV permit application, a structural review worksheet, an inspection checklist, and a model solar zoning ordinance.

  13. Carroll County- Green Building Property Tax Credit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The state of Maryland permits Carroll County (Md Code: Property Tax § 9-308(e)) to offer property tax credits for high performance buildings if it chooses to do so.* Carroll County has exercised...

  14. Introduction to Cost Control Strategies for Zero Energy Buildings: High-Performance Design and Construction on a Budget (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Momentum behind zero energy building design and construction is increasing, presenting a tremendous opportunity for advancing energy performance in the commercial building industry. At the same time, there is a lingering perception that zero energy buildings must be cost prohibitive or limited to showcase projects. Fortunately, an increasing number of projects are demonstrating that high performance can be achieved within typical budgets. This factsheet highlights replicable, recommended strategies for achieving high performance on a budget, based on experiences from past projects.

  15. Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (Fact Sheet) Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Boiler Control Replacement for Hydronically Heated Multifamily Buildings, Cambridge,...

  16. System-Level Monitoring and Diagnosis of Building HVAC System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Siyu

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    integrated into building automation systems, particularlyfrom existing building automation systems (BASs) for add-onof modern building automation and control systems, we have

  17. Indoor climate control accounts for over 40% of the energy used in US residential buildings1, much of which

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    with an envelope of significant thermal capacitance and resistance, such as PCM-ECC. The temperature difference denoted (TC) is largely caused by the thermal capacitance of the envelope material, and that denoted (TR of which is ultimately lost via the building envelope. To provide passive heat storage in building

  18. Real-Time Forcast Model Analysis of Daily Average Building Load for a Thermal Storage System Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, L.; Joo, I. S.; Guwana, S.

    of a building and three real-time building load forecasting models were developed. They are first-order autogressive model, random walk model and linear regression model. Finally, the comparison of results show the random walk model provides the best...

  19. Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - Air Operating Permit | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown ofNationwide PermitInformationIsland: Energy ResourcesProcess | Open|

  20. Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - NPDES General Permit Coverage |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown ofNationwide PermitInformationIsland: Energy ResourcesProcess |OpenOpen

  1. Washington Environmental Permit Handbook - NPDES Individual Permit Coverage

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown ofNationwide PermitInformationIsland: Energy ResourcesProcess |OpenOpen|

  2. Buildings Stock Load Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joutey, H. A.; Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Clemoncon, B.; Rosenstein, F.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and distribution electricity infrastructures The second part presents the approach used to rise the objectives : ? To aggregat the individual loads and to analyze the impact of different strategies from load shedding to reduce peak power demand by: ? Developing...

  3. Buildings Stock Load Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joutey, H. A.; Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Clemoncon, B.; Rosenstein, F.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the extreme climate period. The first part of this paper presents the objectives of the study: ? to restrict the startup polluting manufacturing units (power station), ? to limit the environmental impacts (greenhouse emission), ? to reduce the transport...

  4. FORESTRY BUILDING: BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FORESTRY BUILDING: BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN Date Adopted: August 18, 2009 Date Revised June 17, 2013 Prepared By: Diana Evans and Jennifer Meyer #12;PURDUE UNIVERSITY BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN VERSION 3 2 Table Suspension or Campus Closure SECTION 3: BUILDING INFORMATION 3.1 Building Deputy/Alternate Building Deputy

  5. Effect of Title V air permitting on pipeline operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bost, R.C.; Donnan, G.T. [ERM-Southwest, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Pursuant to the passage of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, the US Environmental Protection Agency has promulgated what are known as Title V permitting requirements for major sources of air pollutants, including pipeline operations. In contrast to most existing air permitting programs, the new Title V regulations will require periodic certification of compliance with applicable air regulations. In the same way that water dischargers report their own discharge violations to regulatory agencies pursuant to the NPDES permitting system, Title V permittees must implement an acceptable monitoring program and similarly report violations of permit conditions or applicable air regulations. Only those facilities whose potential emissions are less than or can be controlled to be less than certain regulatory limits will be exempt from standard Title V permitting. If a facility`s throughput or the concentration levels of certain volatile toxic levels in a particular crude or natural gas were to exceed corresponding regulatory limits, then the facility could be in violation. If an operator were to expand a field, then the changes in the gathering system and emission levels could constitute a violation. Constraints on operations can be avoided by careful strategizing of an operator`s Title V permit application.

  6. BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viglas, Anastasios

    BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING PHARMACY AND BANK BUILDING JOHN WOOLEY BUILDING OLD TEARCHER'S BUILDING PHYSICS BUILDING BAXTER'S LODGE INSTITUTE BUILDING CONSERVATION WORKS R.D.WATT BUILDING MACLEAY BUILDING THE QUARANGLE BADHAM BUILDING J.D. STEWART BUILDING BLACKBURN BUILDING MADSEN BUILDING STORE

  7. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) FEMP Technical Assistance Federal Aviation Administration Project 209 - Control Tower and Support Building, Las Vegas, NV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arends, J.; Sandusky, William F.

    2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report represents findings of a design review team that evaluated construction documents (at the 70% level) and operating specifications for a new control tower and support building that will be built in Las Vegas, Nevada by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The focus of the review was to identify measures that could be incorporated into the final design and operating specification that would result in additional energy savings for the FAA that would not have otherwise occurred.

  8. PERFORMANCE MODELING OF DAYLIGHT INTEGRATED PHOTOSENSOR- CONTROLLED LIGHTING SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Jain; R. R. Creasey; J. Himmelspach; K. P. White; M. Fu; Richard G. Mistrick

    Some building energy codes now require the incorporation of daylight into buildings and automatic photosensor-controlled switching or dimming of the electric lighting system in areas that receive daylight. This paper describes enhancements to the open-source Daysim daylight analysis software that permit users to model a photosensor control system as it will perform in a real space, considering the directional sensitivity of the photosensor, its mounting position, the space and daylight aperture geometry, window shading configuration; the electric lighting equipment and control zones; exterior obstructions; and site weather conditions. System output includes assessment of the daylight distribution in a space throughout the year, the photosensor’s ability to properly track the daylight and modify electric lighting system output, and the energy savings provided by the modeled control system. The application of daylight coefficients permits annual simulations to be conducted efficiently using hourly or finer weather data time increments. 1

  9. Market Power in Pollution Permit Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montero, Juan Pablo

    As with other commodity markets, markets for trading pollution permits have not been immune to market power concerns. In this paper, I survey the existing literature on market power in permit trading but also contribute ...

  10. Air Permitting for Stationary Sources (New Hampshire)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The permitting system implements the permitting requirements of RSA 125-C and 125-I to regulate the operation and modification of new and existing stationary sources, area sources, and devices to...

  11. 300 area TEDF permit compliance monitoring plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BERNESKI, L.D.

    1998-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the permit compliance monitoring plan for the 300 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (TEDF). It addresses the compliance with the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit and Department of Natural Resources Aquatic Lands Sewer Outfall Lease.

  12. Validation and Application of the Room Model of the Modelica Buildings Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nouidui, Thierry Stephane

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Digital Interfaces of the Building Controls Virtual Test5] M. Wetter, "Co-simulation of building energy and controlsystems with the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed,"

  13. Modelica-based Modeling and Simulation to Support Research and Development in Building Energy and Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetter, Michael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Physical Modeling with Modelica. Kluwer Academic Publisher,Using SPARK as a solver for modelica. In Proc. of SimBuild,Proceedings of the 2nd Modelica conference, pages 55–1 – 55–

  14. Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Optimal DER Technology Investment and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stadler, Michael; Siddiqui, Afzal; Marnay, Chris; Aki, Hirohisa; Lai, Judy

    2009-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy has launched the commercial building initiative (CBI) in pursuit of its research goal of achieving zero-net-energy commercial buildings (ZNEB), i.e. ones that produce as much energy as they use. Its objective is to make these buildings marketable by 2025 such that they minimize their energy use through cutting-edge, energy-efficiency technologies and meet their remaining energy needs through on-site renewable energy generation. This paper examines how such buildings may be implemented within the context of a cost- or CO2-minimizing microgrid that is able to adopt and operate various technologies: photovoltaic modules (PV) and other on-site generation, heat exchangers, solar thermal collectors, absorption chillers, and passive/demand-response technologies. A mixed-integer linear program (MILP) that has a multi-criteria objective function is used. The objective is minimization of a weighted average of the building's annual energy costs and CO2 emissions. The MILP's constraints ensure energy balance and capacity limits. In addition, constraining the building's energy consumed to equal its energy exports enables us to explore how energy sales and demand-response measures may enable compliance with the ZNEB objective. Using a commercial test site in northernCalifornia with existing tariff rates and technology data, we find that a ZNEB requires ample PV capacity installed to ensure electricity sales during the day. This is complemented by investment in energy-efficient combined heat and power (CHP) equipment, while occasional demand response shaves energy consumption. A large amount of storage is also adopted, which may be impractical. Nevertheless, it shows the nature of the solutions and costs necessary to achieve a ZNEB. Additionally, the ZNEB approach does not necessary lead to zero-carbon (ZC) buildings as is frequently argued. We also show a multi-objective frontier for the CA example, whichallows us to estimate the needed technologies and costs for achieving a ZC building or microgrid.

  15. Carbon now real factor in denying permits to coal-based generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Concerns about global climate change and uncertainties about the potential cost of carbon regulation have increased the odds that applications to build coal-fired plants will be denied. In Kansas the coal industry was stunned by the denial of an air-quality permit for a project because of concerns about global warming. It was the first time any official anywhere had invoked greenhouse gases as the reason for denying an operating permit for a proposed fossil-fueled plant.

  16. California Solar Permitting Guidebook, Second Edition

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The California Solar Permitting Guidebook is a resource for local governments and permitting agencies to facilitate installation of small solar energy systems. By adopting its recommendations, local governments can reduce permit processing times and increase their output while facilitating local economic development.

  17. Solar Photovoltaic (PV) System Permit Application Checklist

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Permit Application Checklist is intended to be used as a best management practice when establishing local government requirements for residential and commercial solar photovoltaic (PV) system permits. Local governments may modify this checklist to accommodate their local ordinances, code requirements, and permit procedures.

  18. Toward the Holy Grail of Perfect Information: Lessons Learned Implementing an Energy Information System in a Commercial Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kircher, Kevin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Demand Response in Commercial Buildings. LBNL- 52510.building controls, energy efficiency and demand response.

  19. Building America Expert Meeting: Recommended Approaches to Humidity...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Building America Expert Meeting: Recommended Approaches to Humidity Control in High Performance Homes Building America Expert Meeting: Recommended Approaches to Humidity Control in...

  20. Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Systems, at two Chicago area multifamily buildings with existing OTR control. Advanced Boiler Load Monitoring Controllers More Documents & Publications Building America...

  1. Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Boiler Control Replacement for Hydronically Heated Multifamily Buildings, Cambridge, Massachusetts Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Boiler Control...

  2. Around Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treib, Marc

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Around Buildings W h y startw i t h buildings and w o r k o u t wa r d ? For one, buildings are difficult t o a v o i d these

  3. ParkingPermit.docx 11/2/2012 Eligibility for Visitors/Temporary Parking Permits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    ParkingPermit.docx 11/2/2012 Eligibility for Visitors/Temporary Parking Permits Visitor or Temporary Parking Permits will only be issued based on the following policies: Visitors · Visitors (Non WVU employees) to the Statler College can receive a single day visitor Parking Permit for lots 40, 41, 44

  4. PERMIT MUST BE AVAILABLE AT ENTRY LOCATION IN PLASTIC SLEEVE CONFINED SPACE ENTRY PERMIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    PERMIT MUST BE AVAILABLE AT ENTRY LOCATION IN PLASTIC SLEEVE CONFINED SPACE ENTRY PERMIT CONFINED SPACE GENERAL INFORMATION: Permit Number: Call 656-1297 Date: Equipment Number: Time Issued: Valid Until (Time, max. 8 hrs): Confined Space Description and Location: Purpose of Entry: PERMIT SPACE HAZARDS

  5. Annual Hanford Site Environmental Permitting status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SONNICHSEN, J.C.

    1999-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The information contained in, and/or referenced in, this Annual Hanford Site Environmental Permitting Status Report addresses Permit Condition II.W (Other Permits and/or Approvals) of the Dangerous Waste Portion of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit for the Treatment, Storage, and Disposal of Dangerous Waste, issued by the Washington State Department of Ecology (WA7890008967). Condition II.W specifies that the Permittees are responsible for obtaining all other applicable federal, state, and local permits authorizing the development and operation of the Hanford Facility. Condition II.W further specifies that the Permittees are to use their best efforts to obtain such permits. For the purposes of this Permit Condition, ''best efforts'' mean submittal of documentation and/or approval(s) in accordance with schedules specified in applicable regulations, or as determined through negotiations with the applicable regulatory agencies.

  6. Annual Hanford Site Environmental Permitting Status Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HOMAN, N.A.

    2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The information contained in, and/or referenced in, this Annual Hanford Site Environmental Permitting Status Report addresses Permit Condition II.W (Other Permits and/or Approvals) of the Dangerous Waste Portion of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit for the Treatment, Storage, and Disposal of Dangerous Waste, issued by the Washington State Department of Ecology (WA7890008967). Condition II.W specifies that the Permittees are responsible for obtaining all other applicable federal, state, and local permits authorizing the development and operation of the Hanford Facility. This status report also addresses Permit Condition I.E.22, as interpreted in Section 12.1.25 of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application, General Information Portion (DOE/RL-91-28, Rev. 4), that states this report will be prepared annually and a copy of this report will be placed in the Facility Operating Record, General Information file by October 1 of each year.

  7. BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation City of Redwood City 1017 Middlefield Sacramento, Ca 95814-5514 Re: Green Building Ordinance and the Building Energy Efficiency Standards Per of Redwood City enforce the current Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards as part

  8. An integrated cyberinfrastructure for real-time data acquisition and decision making in smart buildings and coral reef monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Peter Hongsuck

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    6.1 Smart Building . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.2.5 Simulation Models for Smart Building: . .4.2.6 Building Control Logic for Smart Building: 4.2.7

  9. State of Washington Joint Aquatic Resource Permit Application (JARPA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, Sandra

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    all of the required permits, there is a greater likelihoodinform applicants on which permits they need, resulting inreduce the need for permit revisions that are currently

  10. Multiplicity of investment equilibria when pollution permits are not tradable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M ONTERO , J. (2002): “Permits, standards, and technologyequilibria when pollution permits are not tradable Larryequilibria when pollution permits are not tradable Abstract

  11. Model Code for the Control of Residential HVAC Distribution System Leakage and HVAC-Induced Building Leakage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wemhoff, P.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consumption for air conditioning, as well as a 50 percent increase in peak cooling load and an 80 percent increase in peak heating load. In addition, building air leakage may be expected to be several times greater when duct leakage is present or when avenues...

  12. Air permitting guidelines for combustion turbine projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Macak, J.J. III [Mostardi-Platt Associates, Inc., Elmhurst, IL (United States); Schott, G.A. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Orlando, FL (United States). Power Generation Business Unit

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Before construction can begin on a new combustion turbine facility, an air permit must be obtained. The air permitting process is generally the critical path permit, often taking in excess of one year to receive final approval. Careful consideration and understanding of combustion turbine operational characteristics and air pollutant emissions will expedite the air permitting process. The purpose of this paper is to identify key issues related to combustion turbine operation that will aid in the preparation of air permit applications. However, before applying for an air permit, a pre-application meeting should be held with the regulatory agency to present an overview of the proposed project, as well as develop the requisite protocols to begin the process.

  13. Environmental Compliance at the West Valley Demonstration Project: The Vitrification Permitting Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. C. Salvatori; C. B. Banzer; W. T. Watters

    1996-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The major environmental laws that apply to the West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) are the: Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), Clean Air Act (CAA), Clean Water Act (CWA), Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), and Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act (EPCRA). Regulations developed in accordance with these laws are administered by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) through state and federal programs, and regulatory requirements such as permitting. The Environmental Permits & Reports (EP&R) Group of the Environmental Affairs (EA) Department has the primary responsibility for developing a site-wide permitting program for the WVDP and obtaining the necessary permits. This report discusses the permits and the permitting process associated with the Vitrification Facility (VF).

  14. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) FEMP Technical Assistance Federal Aviation Administration – Project 209 Control Tower and Support Building, Reno, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arends, J.; Sandusky, William F.

    2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Redhorse Corporation (Redhorse) conducted an energy audit on the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) control tower and base building in Reno, Nevada. This report presents the findings of the energy audit team that evaluated construction documents and operating specifications (at the 100% level) and completed a site visit. The focus of the review was to identify measures that could be incorporated into the final design and operating specifications that would result in additional energy savings for the FAA that would not have otherwise occurred.

  15. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) - FEMP Technical Assistance - Federal Aviation Administration - Project 209 - Control Tower and Support Building, Boise, Idaho

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arends, J.; Sandusky, William F.

    2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents an energy audit performed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Redhorse Corporation (Redhorse) conducted on the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) control tower and base building in Boise, Idaho. This report presents findings of the energy audit team that evaluated construction documents and operating specifications (at the 100% level) followed by a site visit of the facility under construction. The focus of the review was to identify measures that could be incorporated into the final design and operating specifications that would result in additional energy savings for FAA that would not have otherwise occurred.

  16. Presidential Permits and Export Authorizations - Frequently Asked...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    design characteristics to permit the addition of equipment (including all necessary pollution devices) necessary to render such electric powerplant capable of using coal or...

  17. Disclosure of Permitted Communication Concerning Fossil Fuel...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DOE 433 ex parte memo.pdf More Documents & Publications Disclosure of Permitted Communication Concerning Regional Standards Enforcement Framework Document -- Docket No....

  18. Disclosure of Permitted Communication Concerning Regional Standards...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    furnacestdwaiverpolicy.pdf More Documents & Publications Disclosure of Permitted Communication Concerning Fossil Fuel Energy Consumption Reduction for New Construction and Major...

  19. Air Permits, Licenses, Certifications (Maine) | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Provider Department of Environmental Protection This program regulates and limits air emissions from a variety of sources within Maine through a statewide permitting program....

  20. Chapter 38 Hazardous Waste Permitting Process (Kentucky)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This administrative regulation establishes the general provisions for storage, treatment, recycling, or disposal of hazardous waste. It provides information about permits and specific requirements...

  1. Groundwater Discharge Permit and Registration (New Hampshire)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Groundwater Discharge Permitting and Registration Program seeks to protect groundwater quality by establishing standards, criteria, and procedures for wastewater discharges. The program...

  2. Oregon Water Quality Permit Program (Stormwater - Industrial...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Oregon Water Quality Permit Program (Stormwater - Industrial Activities) Website Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Oregon Water Quality...

  3. Industrial Discharge Permits (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    All businesses and government agencies discharging process wastewater to the public sewer system must report their activities to DC Water's Pretreatment Center. Wastewater discharge permits are...

  4. Wastewater Construction and Operation Permits (Iowa)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These regulations describe permit requirements for the construction and operation of facilities treating wastewater, and provide separation distances from other water sources.

  5. Improving Building Comfort and Energy Savings of the McKenzie Airport Terminal by Maintaining and Improving Pneumatic Control Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, C.; Bruner, H. L.; Deng, S.; Brundidge, T.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , had some form of deteriorated controls, components, and operational function. For example, most of pneumatic controls were failed due to bad components, wrong settings, and disconnection before the Continuous CommissioningR (CCSM). This caused humid...

  6. The Chilled Water and Hot Water Building Differential Pressure Setpoint Calculation - Chilled Water and Hot Water Pump Speed Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, W. D.; Bruner, H., Jr.; Claridge, D.; Liu, C.; Deng, S.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A&M University College Station, TX ABSTRACT More and more variable frequency devices (VFD) are being installed on the chilled water and hot water pumps on the TAMU campus. Those pump speeds are varied to maintain chilled water... and the rest 46 buildings are located on the west campus. More and more variable frequency devices (VFD) are installed on chilled water and hot water pumps. The variable speed pump has reduced the over-pressuring of water systems and reduced pump...

  7. The impact of the adoption of efficient electrical products and control technologies on office building energy use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newsham, G.; Cornick, S.; Sander, D. [National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada). Inst. for Research in Construction; Mahdavi, A.; Mathew, P.; Brahme, R. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy savings attributable to efficient lighting and office equipment technologies are often quoted for the technology in isolation. However, total energy savings will depend on interactions with the building HVAC system. The authors predicted overall energy savings from parametric simulations of a typical North American office building. Cooling and heating energy impacts were expressed as a fraction of the direct electrical energy savings due to the adoption of efficient lighting and office equipment technologies ({Delta}C/{Delta}L and {Delta}H/{Delta}L, respectively). {Delta}C/{Delta}L varied little with the source and magnitude of the direct savings or with building envelope variations. However, cooling system type had a large effect. {Delta}H/{Delta}L varied substantially with envelope variations and the magnitude of direct savings. For cooling, the results agree with a previously published simplified method and may expand the method`s scope. However, for heating, the results suggest that the existing simplified method may not be generally valid.

  8. Permit Fees for Hazardous Waste Material Management (Connecticut)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These regulations describe applicable fees for permit application, modification, and transfer for permits related to hazardous waste management.

  9. Permitting plan for Hanford Tanks Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloom, J.W.

    1998-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This plan describes all the permitting actions that have been identified as required to implement the Hanford Tanks Initiative. It reflects changes in the scope to the Hanford Tanks Initiative since the Rev. 0 plan was issued. The cost and schedule for the permitting actions are included.

  10. 5 CCR 1001-5 Colorado Stationary Source Permitting and Air Pollution...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Stationary Source Permitting and Air Pollution Control Emission Notice Requirements Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Reference: 5 CCR 1001-5...

  11. Permits to Install,New Source Review (PTI,NSR)  (Michigan)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rule 201 of the Michigan Air Pollution Control Rules requires a person to obtain an approved Permit to Install for any potential source of air pollution unless the source is exempt from the...

  12. Annual Hanford Site environmental permitting status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sonnichsen, J.C.

    1998-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The information contained and/or referenced in this Annual Hanford Site Environmental Permitting Status Report (Status Report) addresses the State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) of 1971 and Condition II.W. of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 Permit, Dangerous Waste Portion (DW Portion). Condition II.W. of the RCRA Permit specifies the Permittees are responsible for all other applicable federal, state, and local permits for the development and operation of the Hanford Facility. Condition II.W. of the RCRA Permit specifies that the Permittees are to use their best efforts to obtain such permits. For the purposes of permit condition, `best efforts` means submittal of documentation and/or approval(s) in accordance with schedules specified in applicable regulations, or as determined through negotiations with the applicable regulatory agencies. This Status Report includes information on all existing and anticipated environmental permitting. Environmental permitting required by RCRA, the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) of 1984, and non-RCRA permitting (solid waste handling, Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, Clean Water Act Amendments of 1987, Washington State waste discharge, and onsite sewage system) is addressed. Information on RCRA and non-RCRA is current as of July 31, 1998. For the purposes of RCRA and the State of Washington Hazardous Waste Management Act of 1976 [as administered through the Dangerous Waste Regulations, Washington Active Code (WAC) 173-303], the Hanford Facility is considered a single facility. As such, the Hanford Facility has been issued one US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)/State Identification Number (WA7890008967). This EPA/State identification number encompasses over 60 treatment, storage, and/or disposal (TSD) units. The Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) has been delegated authority by the EPA to administer the RCRA, including mixed waste authority. The RCRA permitting approach for the Hanford Facility is addressed in the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement). Pursuant to the Tri-Party Agreement, a single RCRA permit was issued by Ecology and the EPA to cover the Hanford Facility. The RCRA Permit, through the permit modification process, eventually will incorporate all TSD units.

  13. Controlling Energy-Efficient Buildings in the Context of Smart Grid: A Cyber Physical System Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tempera- ture control of air-conditioning systems concerningventilat- ing, and air conditioning system with thermal loadRefrigerating, and Air- Conditioning Engineers, 1989. [78

  14. Automated Continuous Commissioning of Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Trevor

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building 7230, the existing Siemens APOGEE TM control system14], interfaces with the Siemens BACnet server in order to17, there are five devices (Siemens MEC controllers), with

  15. Modeling to predict positive pressurization required to control mold growth from infiltration in a building in College Station, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claridge,D.; Chen,W.J

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Likewise, it happens to exfiltrating air when the temperature relationship is reversed. Hence, in hot and humid climates, mold ESL-IC-14-09-27 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14... = 1 7 ? exp?(?0.68 ln T ? 13.9 ln RH + 0.14W? 0.33SQ+ 66.02) ? k1k2 (Per day) Where: T is temperature (°C) RH is relative humidity k1 is intensity of growth k2?is?calculated?based?on?Mmax W is a wood species factor SQ is a surface...

  16. State Waste Discharge Permit application, 100-N Sewage Lagoon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order negotiations (Ecology et al. 1994), the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office, the US Environmental Protection Agency, and the Washington State Department of Ecology agreed that liquid effluent discharges to the ground on the Hanford Site which affect groundwater or have the potential to affect groundwater would be subject to permitting under the structure of Chapter 173--216 (or 173--218 where applicable) of the Washington Administrative Code, the State Waste Discharge Permit Program. As a result of this decision, the Washington State Department of Ecology and the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office entered into Consent Order No. DE 91NM-177, (Ecology and DOE-RL 1991). This document constitutes the State Waste Discharge Permit application for the 100-N Sewage Lagoon. Since the influent to the sewer lagoon is domestic waste water, the State Waste Discharge Permit application for Public Owned Treatment Works Discharges to Land was used. Although the 100-N Sewage Lagoon is not a Public Owned Treatment Works, the Public Owned Treatment Works application is more applicable than the application for industrial waste water. The 100-N Sewage Lagoon serves the 100-N Area and other Hanford Site areas by receiving domestic waste from two sources. A network of sanitary sewer piping and lift stations transfers domestic waste water from the 100-N Area buildings directly to the 100-N Sewage Lagoon. Waste is also received by trucks that transport domestic waste pumped from on site septic tanks and holding tanks. Three ponds comprise the 100-N Sewage Lagoon treatment system. These include a lined aeration pond and stabilization pond, as well as an unlined infiltration pond. Both piped-in and trucked-in domestic waste is discharged directly into the aeration pond.

  17. Building America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brad Oberg

    2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    IBACOS researched the constructability and viability issues of using high performance windows as one component of a larger approach to building houses that achieve the Building America 70% energy savings target.

  18. Building technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, Roderick

    2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    After growing up on construction sites, Roderick Jackson is now helping to make buildings nationwide far more energy efficient.

  19. Building technologies

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Jackson, Roderick

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    After growing up on construction sites, Roderick Jackson is now helping to make buildings nationwide far more energy efficient.

  20. Beardmore Building

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Priest River, ID Originally built in 1922 by Charles Beardmore, the building housed offices, mercantile shops, a ballroom and a theater. After decades of neglect under outside ownership, Brian Runberg, an architect and great-grandson of Charles Beardmore, purchased the building in 2006 and began an extensive whole building historic restoration.

  1. Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 On this page, you may link...

  2. Howard County- High Performance and Green Building Property Tax Credit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The state of Maryland permits local governments (Md Code: Property Tax § 9-242) to offer property tax credits for high performance buildings and energy conservation devices (Md Code: Property Tax §...

  3. Montgomery County- High Performance Building Property Tax Credit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The state of Maryland permits local governments (Md Code: Property Tax § 9-242) to offer property tax credits for high performance buildings if they choose to do so. Montgomery County has...

  4. Flexibility of Commercial Building HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efficient Building Control Systems, Smart Grid and AircraftCommercial Building HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart

  5. Building Energy Information Systems: State of the Technology and User Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granderson, Jessica

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy and building automation systems. Fairmont Press, Inc.to the use of building automation systems (BAS) and energyweb-based building control and automation systems and their

  6. Variability in Automated Responses of Commercial Buildings and Industrial Facilities to Dynamic Electricity Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathieu, Johanna L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    building control strategies and techniques for demand response,”demand response and energy ef?ciency in commercial buildings,”building electricity use with application to demand response,”

  7. Participation through Automation: Fully Automated Critical Peak Pricing in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David S.; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila; Linkugel, Eric

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 2. Demand Response Automation Server and BuildingDemand Response Control Strategies in Commercial Buildings,X X Example of Demand Response from an Office Building This

  8. Regulations and Permits Related to Dams (Vermont)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Vermont law requires a permit, or a dam order, for the construction, alteration, or removal of dams impounding more than 500,000 cubic feet of water, including any accumulated sediments. Dam...

  9. Alteration of Terrain Permits (New Hampshire)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This permit is required whenever a project proposes to disturb more than 100,000 square feet of contiguous terrain (50,000 square feet if any portion of project is within protected shoreland), or...

  10. Aquatic Habitat Protection Permit (Saskatchewan, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Environmental Management and Protection Act, 2002 (EMPA) provides for the protection of aquatic habitat and states that a permit is required: to alter the bed, bank or boundary of any water...

  11. Wind Energy Permitting Standards (North Carolina)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    North Carolina has statewide permitting requirements for wind energy facilities. Any wind turbine or collection of wind turbines located within a half mile of each other with a collective rated...

  12. State Surface Water Discharge Permits (New Hampshire)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rules apply to the discharge of all pollutants from a point source to surface waters of the state. The rule does not apply to facilities that require both a state discharge permit and a federal...

  13. Distributed PV Permitting and Inspection Processes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation summarizes case studies of the time and cost involved in the distributed PV permitting and inspection process in three Solar America Cities, Austin, Portland, and Salt Lake City.

  14. Major Source Permits (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The District reviews designs for new pollution sources and design modifications for existing sources. Permits are issued to allow sources to emit limited and specified amounts of pollution as...

  15. Overweight permit formulas for simply supported bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mattox, Michael Joseph

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OVERBRIGHT PERMIT FORMULAS POR SIMPLY SUPPORTED BRIDGES A Thesis by MICHAEL JOSEPH MATTOX Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1992 Major Subject: Civil Engineering OVERWEIGHT PERMIT FORMULAS POR SIMPLY SUPPORTED BRIDGES A Thesis by MICHAEL JOSEPH MATTOX Approved as to style and content by; James S. Noel (Chair of Committee) Walter E. Haisler (Member) rry L...

  16. Has operating permitting really changed with Title V? Reflecting on the Title V operating permit program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldstein, D.R.; Cressman, A.W.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Now that some state regulatory agencies are reviewing Title V permit applications and issuing permits, evaluation of the process can be made in comparison with the original goals of the Title V permitting program. In addition, assessment of the terms and conditions that are being incorporated into permits, the nature of draft permits that are issued to facilities for comment, and the extent and type of negotiation that have been conducted with agencies to develop successful Title V permits, will be helpful for facilities that are currently undergoing application review. In working with a Fortune 500 surface coating company, fourteen Title V permit applications were developed and submitted for plants located in Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Jersey, Illinois, Georgia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Indiana and southern California. Draft permits have been issued for several of the plants, and differences in the terms and conditions, testing requirements, and permit format and structure have been noted between states. One of the issued permits required modification, and the process was one of the first for this state agency.

  17. Radiation control coatings installed on federal buildings at Tyndall Air Force Base. Volume 1: Pre-coating monitoring and fresh coating results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petrie, T.W.; Childs, P.W.

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) supports efforts to reduce energy use and associated expenses in the federal sector. One such effort, the New Technology Demonstration Program (NTDP), seeks to evaluate new energy-saving US technologies and secure their more timely adoption by the US government. Through a partnership with a federal site, the utility serving the site, a manufacturer of an energy-related technology, and other organizations associated with these interests, DOE can evaluate a new technology. The results of the program give federal agency decision makers more hands-on information with which to validate a decision to utilize a new technology in their facilities. The partnership of these interests is secured through a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA), in this case between Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corporation, the manager of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and ThermShield International, Ltd., the manufacturer of the technology. This is the first volume of a two-volume report that describes the effects of radiation control coatings installed on federal buildings at Tyndall Air Force Base (AFB) in Florida by ThermShield International. ORNL`s Buildings Technology Center (BTC) was assigned the responsibility for gathering, analyzing, and reporting on the data to describe the effects of the coatings. This volume describes the monitoring plan and its implementation, the results of pre-coating monitoring, the coating installation, results from fresh coatings compared to pre-coating results, and a plan to decommission the monitoring equipment. By including results from roofs at Tyndall AFB and from an outdoor test facility at the BTC, the data cover the range from poorly insulated to well-insulated roofs and two kinds of radiation control coatings on various roof membranes.

  18. Integrated Building Management System (IBMS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anita Lewis

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project provides a combination of software and services that more easily and cost-effectively help to achieve optimized building performance and energy efficiency. Featuring an open-platform, cloud- hosted application suite and an intuitive user experience, this solution simplifies a traditionally very complex process by collecting data from disparate building systems and creating a single, integrated view of building and system performance. The Fault Detection and Diagnostics algorithms developed within the IBMS have been designed and tested as an integrated component of the control algorithms running the equipment being monitored. The algorithms identify the normal control behaviors of the equipment without interfering with the equipment control sequences. The algorithms also work without interfering with any cooperative control sequences operating between different pieces of equipment or building systems. In this manner the FDD algorithms create an integrated building management system.

  19. Study on the use of adaptive control for energy conservation in large solar heated and cooled buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farris, D.R.; Melsa, J.L.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Security and Resources Study Center at LASL provides the basis for a general model used in this simulation. The NSRSC is a 59,000 ft/sup 2/ library and conference facility. A simplified model of the solar heating system is used. The adaptive optimal control technique is described and applied and the results are discussed. (MHR)

  20. An On-line Self-tuning Algorithm of PI Controller for the Heating and Cooling Coil in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Q.; Liu, M.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and identifies the corrections of the P and I gains by observing the spectrum distribution of the ISE. This method is easy to implement in the HVAC energy control systems due to its simplicity. This paper describes the basic feature of the on-line self...

  1. European Union Energy Performance of Building Directive and the Impact of Building Automation on Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirth, U.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gubelstrasse 22 CH-6301 Zug 00 41 41/ 7 24 55 60 wirth.ulrich@siemens.com European Union Energy Performance of Buildings Directive and The impact of Building Automation on Energy Efficiency Buildings account for 40 percent of global energy... building automation and control and technical building management based on the same may provide a demonstrable contribution to EU savings goals of 20 percent by 2020. The goal of European Directive 2002/91/EC on the total energy efficiency of buildings...

  2. Filter Press Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, W. M.

    " exemplifies the ultimate all-electric application. INTRODUCTION The City of Avon Lake launched a program in 1983 to eKpand and modernize its water pollution control facilities. A part of this expansion was construction of a separate building to house a...? was established as a year-round requirement for both management 585 ESL-IE-86-06-94 Proceedings from the Eighth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, June 17-19, 1986 ~>-:? ~ Filter Press Building Avon Lake Water Pollution Control...

  3. Building America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brad Oberg

    2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Builders generally use a 'spec and purchase' business management system (BMS) when implementing energy efficiency. A BMS is the overall operational and organizational systems and strategies that a builder uses to set up and run its company. This type of BMS treats building performance as a simple technology swap (e.g. a tank water heater to a tankless water heater) and typically compartmentalizes energy efficiency within one or two groups in the organization (e.g. purchasing and construction). While certain tools, such as details, checklists, and scopes of work, can assist builders in managing the quality of the construction of higher performance homes, they do nothing to address the underlying operational strategies and issues related to change management that builders face when they make high performance homes a core part of their mission. To achieve the systems integration necessary for attaining 40% + levels of energy efficiency, while capturing the cost tradeoffs, builders must use a 'systems approach' BMS, rather than a 'spec and purchase' BMS. The following attributes are inherent in a systems approach BMS; they are also generally seen in quality management systems (QMS), such as the National Housing Quality Certification program: Cultural and corporate alignment, Clear intent for quality and performance, Increased collaboration across internal and external teams, Better communication practices and systems, Disciplined approach to quality control, Measurement and verification of performance, Continuous feedback and improvement, and Whole house integrated design and specification.

  4. Building Stones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was no good source of local building stone, rock was usuallyrock-cut shrines and especially tombs, and these are the sources

  5. Alcohol Services Category #1 # Permit Applica2on Category #2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    Alcohol Services Category #1 # Permit Applica2on Category #2 Category #3 If an outdoor event, a;ach UNL Police approved licensed area plan to Permit Request ADMINISTRATOR TO OBTAIN THE REQUIRED ALCOHOL SERVICES PERMIT FOR EACH EVENT

  6. Nitrogen control of 13C enrichment in heterotrophic organs relative to leaves in a landscape-building desert plant species

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Jinxin [Chinese Academy of Forestry; Gu, Lianhong [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A longstanding puzzle in isotopic studies of C3 plant species is that heterotrophic plant organs (e.g., stems, roots, seeds, and fruits) tend to be enriched in 13C compared to the autotrophic organ (leaves) that provides them with photosynthate. Our inability to explain this puzzle suggests key deficiencies in understanding post-photosynthetic metabolic processes. It also limits the effectiveness of applications of stable carbon isotope analyses in a variety of scientific disciplines ranging from plant physiology to global carbon cycle studies. To gain insight into this puzzle, we excavated whole plant architectures of Nitraria tangutorum Bobrov, a C3 species that has an exceptional capability of fixing sands and building sand dunes, in two deserts in northwestern China. We systematically and simultaneously measured carbon isotopic ratios and nitrogen and phosphorous concentrations of different parts of the excavated plants. We also determined the seasonal variations in leaf carbon isotopic ratios on nearby intact plants of N. tangutorum. We found that higher nitrogen concentrations in heterotrophic organs were significantly correlated with increased heterotrophic 13C enrichment compared to leaves. However, phosphorous concentrations had no effect on the enrichment. In addition, new leaves had carbon isotopic ratios similar to roots but were progressively depleted in 13C as they matured. We concluded that a nitrogen-mediated process, probably the refixation of respiratory CO2 by phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) carboxylase, was responsible for the differences in 13C enrichment among different heterotrophic organs while processes within leaves or during phloem loading may contribute to the overall autotrophic heterotrophic difference in carbon isotopic compositions.

  7. ARM 12-14-150 - Commercial Use Permitting: Restricted Use Permitting...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    use permits for land use within the jurisdiction of the Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2009 Legal Citation ARM...

  8. ARM 12-14-145 - Commercial Use Permitting: Restricted Use Permit...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    use permits for land use within the jurisdiction of the Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife and Parks. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2007 Legal Citation ARM...

  9. Integrated Title V/acid rain permits: Transitioning through initial permit issuance and reopenings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloomfield, C. [Environmental Protection Agency, San Francisco, CA (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Titles IV and V of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (Act or CAA) created two new stationary source permitting programs, one specific to acid rain (Title IV), and a second for operating permits in general (Title V). The Phase 2 portion of the acid rain program was designed to be implemented through the Title V operating permit program, thereby subjecting all Phase 2 acid rain sources to the requirements of Title V. Permits issued pursuant to Phase 2 of the acid rain program will be viewed as a self-contained portion of the Title V operating permit and will be governed by regulations promulgated under both Title IV and Title V. The requirements imposed by Title IV may not always be consistent with the broader operating permit program requirements of Title V, and when inconsistency occurs, the acid rain requirements will take precedence. This nonalignment will perhaps be most apparent during two stages of initial permitting: (1) the transition period following Title V program approval when permit application, issuance, and effective dates differ between the two programs, and (2) at the point when acid rain permits must be reopened to incorporate Phase 2 NO{sub x} requirements. This paper explores strategies for streamlining implementation of the two programs with particular focus on these two coordination issues.

  10. Alaska Oil and Gas Exploration, Development, and Permitting Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard McMahon; Robert Crandall

    2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final technical report for Project 15446, covering the grant period of October 2002 through March 2006. This project connects three parts of the oil exploration, development, and permitting process to form the foundation for an advanced information technology infrastructure to better support resource development and resource conservation. Alaska has nearly one-quarter of the nation's supply of crude oil, at least five billion barrels of proven reserves. The American Association of Petroleum Geologists report that the 1995 National Assessment identified the North Slope as having 7.4 billion barrels of technically recoverable oil and over 63 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. From these reserves, Alaska produces roughly one-fifth of the nation's daily crude oil production, or approximately one million barrels per day from over 1,800 active wells. The broad goal of this grant is to increase domestic production from Alaska's known producing fields through the implementation of preferred upstream management practices. (PUMP). Internet publication of extensive and detailed geotechnical data is the first task, improving the permitting process is the second task, and building an advanced geographical information system to offer continuing support and public access of the first two goals is the third task. Excellent progress has been made on all three tasks; the technical objectives as defined by the approved grant sub-tasks have been met. The end date for the grant was March 31, 2006.

  11. Better Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neukomm, M.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    efficiency as top priority energy resource Revolutionary change in market Robust energy efficiency industry Prime the market for new technology Better Buildings Challenge Goals Make commercial & industrial buildings 20% more efficient by 2020... opportunities for energy efficiency 2 Great opportunities in the residential, commercial and industrial sectors 20% + savings is average Other benefits: Jobs, Environment, Competitiveness But persistent barriers exist?? ?Energy efficiency...

  12. Abatement of Air Pollution: Permit to Construct and Operate Stationary...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Permits are required for the construction or major modification of a stationary source or emission unit. Some exemptions apply. These regulations describe permit requirements,...

  13. U-252: Barracuda Web Filter Input Validation Flaws Permit Cross...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2: Barracuda Web Filter Input Validation Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting Attacks U-252: Barracuda Web Filter Input Validation Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting Attacks September...

  14. Vermont Permit and License Information: NPDES Stormwater General...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SitesLegal Abstract Permit and licensing information for Clean Water Act 304 National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permits for general construction. Published NA...

  15. Request for Information on Permitting of Transmission Lines:...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Request for Information on Permitting of Transmission Lines: Federal Register Notice Volume 77, No. 38 - Feb. 27, 2012 Request for Information on Permitting of Transmission Lines:...

  16. City and County of Denver- Solar Panel Permitting (Colorado)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Construction, Electrical, Plumbing and Zoning Permits* are required for Photovoltaic (PV) systems installed in the city of Denver. Denver provides same day permit review for most solar panel...

  17. Expedited Permitting of Grid-Scale Wind Energy Development (Maine)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Maine's Expedited Permitting of Grid-Scale Wind Energy Development statue provides an expedited permitting pathway for proposed wind developments in certain designated locations, known as expedited...

  18. algorithm permitting spectroscopic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ON SERVING ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES and NEW ALCOHOL SERVICES PERMIT FORM This spring UNL Police reviewed UNL's Alcohol Permit procedures and guidelines to the Nebraska Liquor...

  19. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-362 Champlain...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Addendum to Presidential Permit Letter. TDI Presidential Permit Application Addendum.pdf More Documents & Publications PP-362 Champlain Hudson Power Express, Inc. Application for...

  20. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-362 Champlain...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-362 Champlain Hudson Power Express, Inc. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-362 Champlain Hudson Power Express, Inc....

  1. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-362 Champlain...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Update to Presidential Permit Letter. CHPE-USDOE-Amendment.pdf More Documents & Publications EIS-0447: Final Environmental Impact Statement Application for a Presidential Permit OE...

  2. The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Hazardous Waste Facility Permit...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Hazardous Waste Facility Permit, Waste Analysis Plan The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Hazardous Waste Facility Permit, Waste Analysis Plan This...

  3. Improving Building Comfort and Energy Savings of the McKenzie Airport Terminal by Maintaining and Improving Pneumatic Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, C.; Bruner, H. L.; Deng, S.; Brundidge, T.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -cooled. Compressors are turned on and off to maintain the adjustable chilled water supply temperature at the setpoint of 43 ?F. The existing chilled water supply temperature was 41 ?F, because the thermostat, which is controlling the chilled water supply... have individual economizers, the chilled water pump is switched on and off by the outside air thermostat. It shall be on if the sensed temperature is above 55 ?F and shall remain on until the sensed temperature falls below 53 ?F. Prior to CCSM...

  4. Database Supported Bacnet Data Acquisition System for Building Energy Diagnostics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Z.; Augenbroe, G.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports a tool that can be used to acquire and store the BACnet (A Data Communication Protocol for Building Automation and Control Networks) data for the purpose of building energy system Fault Detection and Diagnostics (FDD). Building...

  5. Doing Well by Doing Good? Green Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eichholtz, Piet; Kok, Nils; Quigley, John M.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    clusters as distinct. That is, 694 rated buildings and7,411 control buildings, each located within 1,300feet of a rated building. VOL. 100 NO. 5 EICHHOLTZ ET AL. :

  6. Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1991-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This document, Set 2, the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Part B Permit Application, consists of 15 chapters that address the content of the Part B checklists prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1987) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (40 CFR 270), with additional information requirements mandated by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 and revisions of WAC 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology checklist section numbers, in brackets, follow the chapter headings and subheadings. This permit application contains umbrella- type'' documentation with overall application to the Hanford Facility. This documentation is broad in nature and applies to all TSD units that have final status under the Hanford Facility Permit.

  7. Conference Proceedings distributing knowledge in building Title: An Internet-based Building Simulation Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amor, Robert

    -based Building Simulation Quality Assurance System Author(s): Shengjiang Lu1 , Robert Amor1 and Michael Donn2 describes the development of a distributed building simulation quality control system. The basic premise (building simulation quality assurance) was proposed, building upon the ideals of the semantic web (Donn et

  8. Berkeley Lab to Help Build Straw Bale Building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Worsham, S.A.; Van Mechelen, G.

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Shorebird Environmental Learning Center (SELC) is a new straw bale building that will showcase current and future technologies and techniques that will reduce the environmental impacts of building construction and operations. The building will also serve as a living laboratory to test systems and monitor their performance. The project will be the model for a building process that stops using our precious resources and reduces waste pollution. The rice straw that will be used for the bale construction is generally waste material that is typically burned--millions of tons of it a year--especially in California's San Joaquin Valley. Buildings have significant impacts on the overall environment. Building operations, including lighting, heating, and cooling, consume about 30% of the energy used in the United States. Building construction and the processes into making building materials consume an additional 8% of total energy. Construction also accounts for 39% of wood consumed in the U S, while 25% of solid waste volume is construction and demolition (C &D) debris. The SELC will incorporate a variety of materials and techniques that will address these and other issues, while providing a model of environmentally considered design for Bay Area residents and builders. Environmental considerations include energy use in construction and operations, selection of materials, waste minimization, and indoor air quality. We have developed five major environmental goals for this project: (1) Minimize energy use in construction and operations; (2) Employ material sources that are renewable, salvaged, recycled, and/or recyclable; (3) Increase building lifespan with durable materials and designs that permit flexibility and modification with minimal demolition; (4) Reduce and strive to eliminate construction debris; and (5) Avoid products that create toxic pollutants and make a healthy indoor environment.

  9. Flexibility of Commercial Building HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of building automation and control systems,” Design Test ofSystems Control. [Online]. Available: http://www.nerc.com [18] Apogee Building Automation [

  10. Schematic of building control system. F E D E R A L E N E R G Y M A N A G E M E N T P R O G R A M

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trends Affecting Building Control System (BCS) Development Trends in energy management technology of this series is primarily on those (sub) systems that have the largest impact on energy consumption, i.e., HVACFederal energy manager Preparedbythe NewTechnology Demonstration Program DOE/EE- No portion of this publi- cation

  11. Building America Webinar: Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings Building America Webinar: Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings This webinar was presented by research team Consortium for Advanced Residential...

  12. Building America Expert Meeting: Transforming Existing Buildings...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Transforming Existing Buildings through New Media--An Idea Exchange Building America Expert Meeting: Transforming Existing Buildings through New Media--An Idea Exchange This report...

  13. ASD Facility Hazard Analysis Document - Building 413

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1110-00125 Power Supplies Hot Work Permits 6, 7 NA NA NA A ASD108400 GESPAC Power Supply Control Units 120 VAC Fans Fan blades covered 1, 7 Power Supplies Hot Work...

  14. EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN HOGAN BUILDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contractor, Anis

    911 for ambulance or emergency transportation. FIRE/EXPLOSION: · Extinguish any controlled open flames fire alarm station and evacuate the building. · From a safe location, dial 911 to report the fire 911 to report the natural gas leak. · Pull the nearest fire alarm station and evacuate the building

  15. Fort Collins- Green Building Requirement for City-Owned Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To control the construction and design costs associated with new buildings meeting this standard, the goal of Gold can be reduced to Silver for projects where the payback period for earning Gold...

  16. Air Pollution Controls

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Various statutes within the Wisconsin Legislative Documents relate to air pollution control. These statutes describe zoning, permitting, and emissions regulations for hazardous and non-hazardous...

  17. Washington State’s Transportation Permit Efficiency and Accountability Committee (TPEAC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aberle, Barbara

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as the Transportation Permit Efficiency and Accountability (the Transportation Permit Efficiency and Accountabilityrequired to obtain permits. Passage of the Transportation

  18. Assessment of Building Energy-Saving Policies and Programs in China During the 11th Five Year Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China. ” Energy& Buildings 40 (12): 2121-2127. Zhou N. ,Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption inbuilding energy retrofits, and building energy control

  19. Assessment of Building Energy-Saving Policies and Programs in China During the 11th Five Year Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China. ” Energy& Buildings 40 (12): 2121-2127. Zhou N. ,Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption inbuilding energy retrofits, and building energy control

  20. Broken Information Feedback Loops Prevent Good Building Energy Performance—Integrated Technological and Sociological Fixes Are Needed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arens, Edward; Brown, Karl

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    available from building automation systems (i.e. , controls)information. Building automation systems have emphasizedfrom typical building automation systems—a key feature for

  1. Field Demonstration of Automated Demand Response for Both Winter and Summer Events in Large Buildings in the Pacific Northwest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piette, Mary Ann

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    automated demand response systems in large buildings in theBuilding Control Strategies and Techniques for Demand Response,buildings were able to provide significant demand response

  2. Permitting of Wind Energy Facilities: A Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NWCC Siting Work Group

    2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This handbook has been written for individuals and groups involved in evaluating wind projects: decision-makers and agency staff at all levels of government, wind developers, interested parties and the public. Its purpose is to help stakeholders make permitting wind facility decisions in a manner which assures necessary environmental protection and responds to public needs.

  3. The Parking Permit Problem Adam Meyerson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyerson, Adam W.

    server has an initial purchase price but also has a cost for power, internet connection, and occasional Los Angeles, CA 90095-1596 awm@cs.ucla.edu Abstract We consider online problems where purchases have time durations which expire regardless of whether the purchase is used or not. The Parking Permit

  4. Air Quality: Construction Project Air Permit Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wechsler, Risa H.

    Air Quality: Construction Project Air Permit Requirements Department: Chemical and General Safety Program: Air Quality Owner: Program Manager Authority: ES&H Manual, Chapter 30, Air Quality1 All manager or operator must submit the completed form to the air quality program manager before the project

  5. Developed by: Solar Permitting Work Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the California Center for Sustainable Energy #12;California Solar Permitting Guidebook 3 TABLE OF CONTENTS leader in renewable energy generation. Solar and wind power, as well as emerging technologies such as biomass and fuel cells, are transforming California. Renewable energy is helping to power the state

  6. Building Science

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 25, 2012, and addressed the question ŤHow do we first do no harm with high-r enclosures??

  7. Building debris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahmen, Joseph (Joseph F. D.)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis relates architectural practices to intelligent use of resources and the reuse of derelict spaces. The initial investigation of rammed earth as a building material is followed by site-specific operations at the ...

  8. Building Stones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1992 Are the pyramids of Egypt built of poured concreteel-Anba’ut, Red Sea coast, Egypt. Marmora 6, pp. 45 - 56.building stones of ancient Egypt are those relatively soft,

  9. Healthy buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book is covered under the following headings: Healthy building strategies/productivity, Energy and design issues, Ventilation, Contaminants, Thermal, airflow, and humidity issues, School-related issues, Sources and sinks, Filtering, Operation and maintenance.

  10. Renewable Energy Permitting Barriers in Hawaii: Experience from the Field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Busche, S.; Donnelly, C.; Atkins, D.; Fields, R.; Black, C.

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This white paper presents a summary of the solicited input from permitting agencies and renewable energy developers on the permitting process in Hawaii to provide stakeholders in Hawaii, particularly those involved in permitting, with information on current permitting barriers that renewable energy developers are experiencing.

  11. Community Charter Halibut Permit Application Page 1 of 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PERMIT (CCHP) U.S. Department of Commerce NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service Alaska Region Restricted

  12. Healthy buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geshwiler, M.; Montgomery, L.; Moran, M. (eds.)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This proceedings is of the Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Conference held September 4--8, 1991 in Washington, D.C. Entitled the IAQ 91, Healthy Buildings,'' the major topics of discussion included: healthy building strategies/productivity; energy and design issues; ventilation; contaminants; thermal, airflow, and humidity issues; school-related issues; sources and sinks; filtering; and operation and maintenance. For these conference proceedings, individual papers are processed separately for input into the Energy Data Base. (BN)

  13. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Supermarket

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  14. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Warehouse

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  15. Develop an effective Title V operating permit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chadha, N.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under Title V of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA), thousands of industrial and government facilities are required to apply for a comprehensive operating permit that addresses all the emission sources at a site and the CAA regulations that apply to them. The new permitting requirements apply to major sources only--although there are several definitions of a major source under the Amended Act. Because Title V applicability is based on potential to emit (PTE) rather than actual emissions, even small and medium sources may initially be subject to this program. Unlike other regulations, Title V puts the burden of demonstrating continuous compliance on source owners and operators. Careful attention to detail is necessary during the application process because the Title V permit is inherently an enforcement fool for the EPA and the general public. Noncompliance can lead to citizen suits and fines up to $25,000 per day. Therefore, it is critical to negotiate an operating permit that does not adversely impact current operations yet provides flexibility for future modifications. Each state and local agency has its own application forms and regulatory interpretations. Areas of complexity include the classification of emission units, the approach for the PTE calculation, the separation of federal and state-enforceable requirements, and the relationship between Title V and other CAAA titles. This article summarizes some lessons learned based upon experiences in various states. (It does not attempt to resolve program uncertainties among jurisdictions.) The practical strategies presented can be used for developing (or modifying) Title V applications as well as during permit negotiations.

  16. Transforming Commercial Building Operations | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    & Publications Retrocommissioning and the Public Sector retrocommissioningpublicsector.doc Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study...

  17. Building America Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of various control strategies to improve hydronic space heating performance in three low-rise multifamily buildings in Cambridge, MA. Presenters showed results from an analysis...

  18. The Better Buildings Initiative announced by President

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    leverage its new smart building controls system to participate in a regional demand- response program. Learn more: http:www4.eere.energy.govchallengepartners...

  19. The economics of pollution permit banking in the context of Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act amendments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schennach, Susanne M.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tradable pollution permits are the basis of a new market-based approach to environmental control. The Acid Rain Program, established under Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, and aimed at drastically reducing ...

  20. Hanford Site air operating permit application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, which amended the Federal Clean Air Act of 1977, required that the US Environmental Protection Agency develop a national Air Operating Permit Program, which in turn would require each state to develop an Air Operating Permit Program to identify all sources of ``regulated`` pollutants. Regulated pollutants include ``criteria`` pollutants (oxides of nitrogen, sulfur oxides, total suspended particulates, carbon monoxide, particulate matter greater than 10 micron, lead) plus 189 other ``Hazardous`` Air Pollutants. The Hanford Site, owned by the US Government and operated by the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office, is located in southcentral Washington State and covers 560 square miles of semi-arid shrub and grasslands located just north of the confluence of the Snake and Yakima Rivers with the Columbia River. This land, with restricted public access, provides a buffer for the smaller areas historically used for the production of nuclear materials, waste storage, and waste disposal. About 6 percent of the land area has been disturbed and is actively used. The Hanford Site Air Operating Permit Application consists of more than 1,100 sources and in excess of 300 emission points. Before January 1995, the maintenance and operations contractor and the environmental restoration contractor for the US Department of Energy completed an air emission inventory on the Hanford Site. The inventory has been entered into a database so that the sources and emission points can be tracked and updated information readily can be retrieved. The Hanford Site Air Operating Permit Application contains information current as of April 19, 1995.

  1. Building Interoperability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy FutureDepartment of Energy Building Energy-EfficientBuilding

  2. Building Interoperability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy FutureDepartment of Energy Building Energy-EfficientBuilding

  3. Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 43 - General Permits for...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    This rule applies to any generator that: (a) has a heat input capacity of 350,000 Btus or more per hour or, in the case of internal combustion engines, is 50 HP or larger; and,...

  4. Underground Injection Control Permit Applications for FutureGen...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is used to generate electricity. A byproduct of the oxy-combustion process is an emission stream that has a high concentration of CO 2 that can be captured and passed through...

  5. WPCF Underground Injection Control Disposal Permit Evaluation and Fact

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga,planningFlowmeterUtah:InformationInformation WC 26WHLSheet |

  6. Hawaii Air Pollution Control Permits Webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| OpenInformationHartsville,New Hampshire: EnergyRulesLegalWebpage

  7. Hawaii Underground Injection Control Permit Packet | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG|Information OpenEI ReferenceNoise FormsHistoricPlanLegal

  8. Hawaii Underground Injection Control Permitting Webpage | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG|Information OpenEI ReferenceNoise

  9. Colorado Air Pollution Control Division - Construction Permits Forms and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.png El CERCollier Technologies Inc

  10. Montana Ground Water Pollution Control System Permit Application Forms

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville,Missoula, Montana:Northeast AsiaAir| Open Energy

  11. Nevada Air Quality Control Permitting Guidance Webpage | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: EnergyEnergyPPCR) Jump

  12. A Data and Knowledge Management System for Intelligent Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, J.; Chen, Z.; Li, H.; Xu, Q.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    words: Intelligent building; Assessment; Methodology; Information system 1. INTRODUCTION It is the development and application of modern technologies in the areas of information, communication, materials, and machinery in the construction.... According to our literature review [12], key technologies that support IBs include sustainable architecture, building structure control, building facility control, computer and network, information and communication, safety and security control...

  13. A primitive based approach for managing, deploying and monitoring in-building wireless sensor networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutta, Seemanta

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in building automation and industrial control. Computing &monitoring[17], home and industrial automation[5, 19, 23],

  14. Buildings-to-Grid Technical Opportunities: Introduction and Vision...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    inherent in transaction-based controls that are necessary to control those building assets and operations using a "transactive" energy approach that incorporates...

  15. Experiences on the Implementation of the 'Energy Balance' Methodology as a Data Quality Control Tool: Application to the Building Energy Consumption of a Large University Campus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Sakurai, Y.; Masuda, H.; Feinauer, D.; Liu, J.; Ji, J.; Claridge, D. E.; Deng, S.; Bruner, H.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the energy costs have been increasing the more energy efficient measures have been promoted in the buildings sector, the reliability of energy consumption data has been attracting significant attention. For example, the reliability...

  16. Experiences on the Implementation of the 'Energy Balance' Methodology as a Data Quality Control Tool: Application to the Building Energy Consumption of a Large University Campus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Sakurai, Y.; Masuda, H.; Feinauer, D.; Liu, J.; Ji, J.; Claridge, D. E.; Deng, S.; Bruner, H.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the energy costs have been increasing the more energy efficient measures have been promoted in the buildings sector, the reliability of energy consumption data has been attracting significant attention. For example, the reliability...

  17. A Model for Evaluation of Life-Cycle Energy Savings of Occupancy Sensors for Control of Lighting and Ventilation in Office Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Degelman, L. O.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lighting and ventilation represent the majority of the air conditioning loads in office buildings in hot humid climates. Use of motion sensors is one way to minimize the energy used for these loads. This paper describes the methods used...

  18. A Model for Evaluation of Life-Cycle Energy Savings of Occupancy Sensors for Control of Lighting and Ventilation in Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Degelman, L. O.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lighting and ventilation represent the majority of the air conditioning loads in office buildings in hot humid climates. Use of motion sensors is one way to minimize the energy used for these loads. This paper describes the methods used...

  19. Experiment Hazard Class 15.2 - USDA Soil Permit

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    shipment, and disposal of regulated soil samples. A copy of the current APS USDA Soil Permit must accompany all samples. A copy of the home institution's soil permit is required...

  20. V-193: Barracuda SSL VPN Input Validation Hole Permits Cross...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2.3.3.216 Addthis Related Articles U-252: Barracuda Web Filter Input Validation Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting Attacks U-144:Juniper Secure Access Input Validation Flaw Permits...