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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Co-Simulation of Building Energy and Control Systems with the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes the implementation of the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB). The BCVTB is a software environment that allows connecting different simulation programs to exchange data during the time integration, and that allows conducting hardware in the loop simulation. The software architecture is a modular design based on Ptolemy II, a software environment for design and analysis of heterogeneous systems. Ptolemy II provides a graphical model building environment, synchronizes the exchanged data and visualizes the system evolution during run-time. The BCVTB provides additions to Ptolemy II that allow the run-time coupling of different simulation programs for data exchange, including EnergyPlus, MATLAB, Simulink and the Modelica modelling and simulation environment Dymola. The additions also allow executing system commands, such as a script that executes a Radiance simulation. In this article, the software architecture is presented and the mathematical model used to implement the co-simulation is discussed. The simulation program interface that the BCVTB provides is explained. The article concludes by presenting applications in which different state of the art simulation programs are linked for run-time data exchange. This link allows the use of the simulation program that is best suited for the particular problem to model building heat transfer, HVAC system dynamics and control algorithms, and to compute a solution to the coupled problem using co-simulation.

Wetter, Michael

2010-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

2

A Modular Building Controls Virtual Test Bed for the Integrations of Heterogeneous Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB) that is currently under development at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. An earlier prototype linked EnergyPlus with controls hardware through embedded SPARK models and demonstrated its value in more cost-effective envelope design and improved controls sequences for the San Francisco Federal Building. The BCVTB presented here is a more modular design based on a middleware that we built using Ptolemy II, a modular software environment for design and analysis of heterogeneous systems. Ptolemy II provides a graphical model building environment, synchronizes the exchanged data and visualizes the system evolution during run-time. Our additions to Ptolemy II allow users to couple to Ptolemy II a prototype version of EnergyPlus,MATLAB/Simulink or other simulation programs for data exchange during run-time. In future work we will also implement a BACnet interface that allows coupling BACnet compliant building automation systems to Ptolemy II. We will present the architecture of the BCVTB and explain how users can add their own simulation programs to the BCVTB. We will then present an example application in which the building envelope and the HVAC system was simulated in EnergyPlus, the supervisory control logic was simulated in MATLAB/Simulink and Ptolemy II was used to exchange data during run-time and to provide realtime visualization as the simulation progresses.

Wetter, Michael; Wetter, Michael; Haves, Philip

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

3

BACNET AND ANALOG/DIGITAL INTERFACES OF THE BUILDING CONTROLS VIRTUAL TEST BED  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6E 6E BacNet and Analog/Digital Interfaces of the Building Controls Virtual Testbed Thierry Stephane Nouidui, Michael Wetter, Zhengwei Li, Xiufeng Pang, Prajesh Bhattachayra, Philip Haves November 2011 DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or

4

BacNet and Analog/Digital Interfaces of the Building Controls Virtual Testbed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, modeled in an object-oriented, equation- based graphical modeling environment such as Modelica (Fritzson, hierarchical, object- oriented, equation-based graphical modeling environment and couple them to whole building 2011 #12;DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States

5

Virtual building environments (VBE) - Applying information modeling tobuildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and valuation of Virtual Building Modeling (VBM). CIFE SEEDinformation models Building information modeling (BIM), usedto promote building information modeling as the way to

Bazjanac, Vladimir

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Virtual Control Systems Environment (VCSE)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Will Atkins, a Sandia National Laboratories computer engineer discusses cybersecurity research work for process control systems. Will explains his work on the Virtual Control Systems Environment project to develop a modeling and simulation framework of the U.S. electric grid in order to study and mitigate possible cyberattacks on infrastructure.

Atkins, Will

2012-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

7

Virtual Control Systems Environment (VCSE)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Will Atkins, a Sandia National Laboratories computer engineer discusses cybersecurity research work for process control systems. Will explains his work on the Virtual Control Systems Environment project to develop a modeling and simulation framework of the U.S. electric grid in order to study and mitigate possible cyberattacks on infrastructure.

Atkins, Will

2014-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

8

Virtual Control System Environment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Control System Environment Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin...

9

Virtual Oxygen Sensor for Innovative NOx and PM Emission Control...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Virtual Oxygen Sensor for Innovative NOx and PM Emission Control Technologies Virtual Oxygen Sensor for Innovative NOx and PM Emission Control Technologies A virtual O2 sensor for...

10

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: IES Virtual Environment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IES Virtual Environment IES Virtual Environment IES Virtual Environment Logo The IES Virtual Environment (IESVE) is a powerful, in-depth suite of building performance analysis tools. It allows the design and operation of comfortable buildings that consume significantly less energy. Whether working on a new build or renovation project, the VE allows designers to test different options, identify best passive solutions, compare low-carbon & renewable technologies, and draw conclusions on energy use, CO2 emissions, occupant comfort, and much more. There are various tools in the suite; each designed to provide sustainable analysis at levels suitable for different design team members and design stages. All utilise our Apache dynamic thermal simulation engine, and an integrated central data model, which has direct links to SketchUp™,

11

Building Virtual Worlds: A City Planning Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the internet and the application of internet technologies in private company `intranets.' The obvious result.ingram@cs.nott.ac.uk Computing, networking and virtual reality technologies are gradually approaching the level of maturity where The relentless expansion of computing technology into our workplaces and homes in the past 15­20 years is plain

Bowden, Richard

12

The Study on Building of Virtual Reality System in Large Surface Coal Mine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The building of virtual reality system for the opencast mine is a complicated and systemic project. The building process of virtual system includes data collection, GIS geodabase, model designing and raster te...

Baoying Ye; Nisha Bao; Zhongke Bai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Building Blocks for Tobacco Control: A Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BLOCKS FOR TOBACCO CONTROL: A HANDBOOK BUILDING BLOCKS FORTOBACCO CONTROL: A HANDBOOK BUILDING BLOCKS FORTOBACCO CONTROL: A HANDBOOK BUILDING BLOCKS FOR TOBACCO

World Health Organization

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Validation and Application of the Room Model of the Modelica Buildings Library  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Digital Interfaces of the Building Controls Virtual Test5] M. Wetter, "Co-simulation of building energy and controlsystems with the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed,"

Nouidui, Thierry Stephane

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Development of Building Automation and Control Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A design flow for building automation and control systems,Development of Building Automation and Control Systems Yangdesign of the build- ing automation system (including the

Yang, Yang; Zhu, Qi; Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Buildings Stock Load Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: An assembly of the various blocks of the library of simbad and simulink permit to model building. Finally the last part prensents the study results: Graphs and tables to see the load shedding strategies impacts....

Joutey, H. A.; Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Clemoncon, B.; Rosenstein, F.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

feedback control. Green buildings are expected to maintainHigh-performance green buildings are expected to maintain

Ma, Yudong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Controlled entanglement routing between two virtual pathways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate controlled entanglement routing between bunching and antibunching path-entangled two-photon states in an unbalanced Mach-Zehnder interferometer (UMZI), in which the routing process is controlled by the relative phase difference in the UMZI. Regarding bunching and antibunching path-entangled two-photon states as two virtual ports, we can consider the UMZI as a controlled entanglement router, which bases on the coherent manipulation of entanglement. Half of the entanglement within the input two-photon state is coherently routed between the two virtual ports, while the other is lost due to the time distinguishability introduced by the UMZI. Pure bunching or antibunching path entangled two-photon states are obtained based on this controlled entanglement router. The results show that we can employ the UMZI as general entanglement router for practical quantum information application.

Qiang Zhou; Shuai Dong; Wei Zhang; Lixing You; Yuhao He; Weijun Zhang; Yidong Huang; Jiangde Peng

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

19

Preliminary Results in Virtual Testing for Smart Buildings Julien Bruneau1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Smart buildings, HVAC, Mixed (virtual/real) world infrastructures, Energy efficiency 1 Introduction, Walid.Taha@hh.se 4 HVAC Consultant, Cairo, Egypt, wail_hannourah@yahoo.com Abstract. Smart buildings

Boyer, Edmond

20

Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings Title Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2012 Authors Williams, Alison A., Barbara A. Atkinson, Karina Garbesi, Erik Page, and Francis M. Rubinstein Series Title The Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America Volume 8 Document Number 3 Pagination 161-180 Date Published January ISBN Number 1550-2716 Keywords controls, daylighting, energy, occupancy sensors, tuning. Abstract Researchers have been quantifying energy savings from lighting controls in commercial buildings for more than 30 years. This study provides a meta-analysis of lighting energy savings identified in the literature-240 savings estimates from 88 papers and case studies, categorized into daylighting strategies, occupancy strategies, personal tuning, and institutional tuning. Beginning with an overall average of savings estimates by control strategy, successive analytical filters are added to identify potential biases introduced to the estimates by different analytical approaches. Based on this meta-analysis, the bestestimates of average lighting energy savings potential are 24 percent for occupancy, 28 percent for daylighting, 31 percent for personal tuning, 36 percent for institutional tuning, and 38 percent for multiple approaches. The results also suggest that simulations significantly overestimate (by at least 10 percent) the average savings obtainable from daylighting in actual buildings.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sensors and Controls Sensors and Controls Research to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research Water Heating Research Lighting Research

22

Real-Time Building Energy Simulation Using EnergyPlus and the Building Controls Test Bed  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most commercial buildings do not perform as well in practice as intended by the design and their performances often deteriorate over time. Reasons include faulty construction, malfunctioning equipment, incorrectly configured control systems and inappropriate operating procedures (Haves et al., 2001, Lee et al., 2007). To address this problem, the paper presents a simulation-based whole building performance monitoring tool that allows a comparison of building actual performance and expected performance in real time. The tool continuously acquires relevant building model input variables from existing Energy Management and Control System (EMCS). It then reports expected energy consumption as simulated of EnergyPlus. The Building Control Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB) is used as the software platform to provide data linkage between the EMCS, an EnergyPlus model, and a database. This paper describes the integrated real-time simulation environment. A proof-of-concept demonstration is also presented in the paper.

Pang, Xiufeng; Bhattachayra, Prajesh; O'Neill, Zheng; Haves, Philip; Wetter, Michael; Bailey, Trevor

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Intelligent Controls for Net-Zero Energy Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project is to develop and demonstrate enabling technologies that can empower homeowners to convert their homes into net-zero energy buildings in a cost-effective manner. The project objectives and expected outcomes are as follows: To develop rapid and scalable building information collection and modeling technologies that can obtain and process as-built building information in an automated or semiautomated manner. To identify low-cost measurements and develop low-cost virtual sensors that can monitor building operations in a plug-n-play and low-cost manner. To integrate and demonstrate low-cost building information modeling (BIM) technologies. To develop decision support tools which can empower building owners to perform energy auditing and retrofit analysis. To develop and demonstrate low-cost automated diagnostics and optimal control technologies which can improve building energy efficiency in a continual manner.

Li, Haorong; Cho, Yong; Peng, Dongming

2011-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

24

Virtual Oxygen Sensor for Innovative NOx and PM Emission Control...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2009 - Poster Session August 3 rd , Hyatt Regency Dearborn Hotel Virtual Oxygen Sensor Innovative NOx and PM Emission Control Technologies J. Seebode, E. Stlting,...

25

Breakthrough: MFiX: Building Industry-Scale Machines in a Virtual World |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Breakthrough: MFiX: Building Industry-Scale Machines in a Virtual Breakthrough: MFiX: Building Industry-Scale Machines in a Virtual World Breakthrough: MFiX: Building Industry-Scale Machines in a Virtual World July 11, 2012 - 1:34pm Addthis Mfix is open-source, virtual modeling software that makes coal gasification processes more efficient than was ever possible through lab tests. Modeling reduces the cost and time of testing and building actual systems and ultimately results in lower costs, improved power plant efficiency, and new energy systems that meet or even exceed current or proposed environmental regulations. View the entire Lab Breakthrough playlist. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What is the future of MFiX? Ultimately, we see MFiX being used to solve industrial-scale

26

Building low-cost music controllers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents our work on building low-cost music controllers intended for educational and creative use. The main idea was to build an electronic music controller, including sensors and a sensor interface, on a 10 euro budget. We ...

Alexander Refsum Jensenius; Rodolphe Koehly; Marcelo M. Wanderley

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learning Control for Thermal Energy Storage Systems. In:Predictive Control of Thermal Energy Storage in Buildingmaking use of building thermal energy storage, and this work

Ma, Yudong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Networked Graphics: Building Networked Games and Virtual Environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This broad-ranging book equips programmers and designers with a thorough grounding in the techniques used to create truly network-enabled computer graphics and games. Written for graphics/game/VE developers and students, it assumes no prior knowledge ... Keywords: Computer Animation, Computer Graphics, Computer Science, Computers, Game Programming, Interactive & Multimedia, Networking, Video & Electronic, Virtual Reality

Anthony Steed; Manuel Fradinho Oliveira

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

From Robots to Animals: Virtual Fences for Controlling Cattle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the problem of monitoring and controlling the position of herd animals, and view animals as networked agents with natural mobility but not strictly controllable. By exploiting knowledge of individual and herd behavior we would like to ... Keywords: animal control, animal modeling, distributed control, virtual fences

Zack Butler; Peter Corke; Ron Peterson; Daniela Rus

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Reimagining Building Sensing and Control (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Buildings are responsible for 40% of US energy consumption, and sensing and control technologies are an important element in creating a truly sustainable built environment. Motion-based occupancy sensors are often part of these control systems, but are usually altered or disabled in response to occupants' complaints, at the expense of energy savings. Can we leverage commodity hardware developed for other sectors and embedded software to produce more capable sensors for robust building controls? The National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) 'Image Processing Occupancy Sensor (IPOS)' is one example of leveraging embedded systems to create smarter, more reliable, multi-function sensors that open the door to new control strategies for building heating, cooling, ventilation, and lighting control. In this keynote, we will discuss how cost-effective embedded systems are changing the state-of-the-art of building sensing and control.

Polese, L.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sensors and Controls Research Sensors and Controls Research The Emerging Technologies team conducts research into technologies related to building sensors and controls. They work with building systems-such as a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems-to analyze energy use and help occupants manage energy costs. Building controls have the potential to reduce building energy consumption by monitoring variables and other inputs, and then automatically responding in a predetermined fashion. Research between the Department of Energy, industry, and laboratories focuses on: Sensors Photo of a ceiling-mounted fire sprinkler. Sensors are designed to help building owners and operators better manage their energy use through automation. Sensors measure predefined variables, such as the amount of natural light coming in through an office window, and then feed this data into a building's control system. The control can then respond by adjusting the various building systems. For example, sensors may note when a person leaves a room and let controls know to turn off the lights, or can ensure that faucets only release water if someone's hand is waved.

32

Buildings of the Future Research Project Launch and Virtual Panel Discussion on Building Technology Trends  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Learn more about the DOE's Buildings of the Future Project. Buildings will no longer be passive objects that consume resources, but rather active participants engaged in the energy system and our community.

33

Building systems optimization controls calibration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the period between May 9, 1994 and June 2, 1994, Engineered Facility Management (EFM) conducted a comprehensive investigation into the condition and operation of the equipment and systems at a major high-rise building owned by a large California bank. The goal of the project was to improve the project`s energy cost per square foot without major system retrofit and capital expenditure. This report is a compilation of the findings, actions taken and recommendations.

NONE

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Emerging...

35

Hierarchical Control and Management of Virtual Microgrids for Vehicle Electrification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of electrical power generation and delivery. A Smart Grid is an intelligent and automated energy grid and new types of loads such as plug-in (hybrid) electric vehicles (PEVs); (2) optimizing systemHierarchical Control and Management of Virtual Microgrids for Vehicle Electrification Feng Lina

Zhang, Hongwei

36

AEDG Implementation Recommendations: Daylighting Controls | Building Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Controls Controls The Advanced Energy Design Guide (AEDG) for Small Office Buildings, 30% series, seeks to achieve 30% savings over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999. This guide focuses on improvements to small office buildings, less than 20,000ft2. The recommendations in this article are adapted from the implementation section of the guide and focus on expanded recommendations for daylighting controls; photo sensor placement; calibration and commissioning; daylight levels. Publication Date: Wednesday, May 13, 2009 air_daylighting_controls.pdf Document Details Affiliation: DOE BECP Focus: Compliance Building Type: Commercial Code Referenced: ASHRAE Standard 90.1-1999 Document type: AEDG Implementation Recommendations Target Audience: Architect/Designer Builder Contractor Engineer

37

Building automation systems (BAS) are concerned with control and monitoring of buildings, while aiming to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building automation systems (BAS) are concerned with control and monitoring of buildings, while alarm systems or physical access control), · control the climate in the building/supervise and control operating and energy costs Realization and Experiences with a Low-Cost Building Automation Security Testbed

Behnke, Sven

38

A Virtualized Computing Platform For Fusion Control Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Ignition Facility (NIF) at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is a stadium-sized facility that contains a 192-beam, 1.8-Megajoule, 500-Terawatt, ultraviolet laser system together with a 10-meter diameter target chamber with room for multiple experimental diagnostics. NIF is the world's largest and most energetic laser experimental system, providing a scientific center to study inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and matter at extreme energy densities and pressures. NIF's laser beams are designed to compress fusion targets to conditions required for thermonuclear burn, liberating more energy than required to initiate the fusion reactions. 2,500 servers, 400 network devices and 700 terabytes of networked attached storage provide the foundation for NIF's Integrated Computer Control System (ICCS) and Experimental Data Archive. This talk discusses the rationale & benefits for server virtualization in the context of an operational experimental facility, the requirements discovery process used by the NIF teams to establish evaluation criteria for virtualization alternatives, the processes and procedures defined to enable virtualization of servers in a timeframe that did not delay the execution of experimental campaigns and the lessons the NIF teams learned along the way. The virtualization architecture ultimately selected for ICCS is based on the Open Source Xen computing platform and 802.1Q open networking standards. The specific server and network configurations needed to ensure performance and high availability of the control system infrastructure will be discussed.

Frazier, T; Adams, P; Fisher, J; Talbot, A

2011-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

39

Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building thermal loadThe building thermal load predictor. . . . . . . .of Figures 1.1 Classification schematic for building MPC

Ma, Yudong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Study Of Structural Control In Coupled Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(earthquake and wind). In a conventional structure the energy is absorbed by the inelastic deformation of control devices implemented as the coupled-link between the two buildings. In this study two different, semi-active damper. 1. INTRODUCTION Structural engineering face the challenge on finding new and better

Spencer Jr., B.F.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Selecting Building Predictive Control Based on Model Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S. Pr?vara et al. Building Modeling as a Crucial Part forThe details of building thermal modeling and estimation ofModeling and Optimal Control Algorithm Design for HVAC Systems in Energy Efficient Buildings.

Maasoumy, Mehdi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Project PEAC : a Personal, Expressive Avatar Controller for the operation of virtual characters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this thesis was to design and construct a prototype for the control of virtual avatars in a virtual space. It was designed with the intent to feature multiple interfaces such that the user would have many ...

Santos, Kristopher B. dos

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

THE ROLE OF DIRECT DIGITAL CONTROLS IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS 1 Scholarly Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE ROLE OF DIRECT DIGITAL CONTROLS IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS 1 Digital Controls in Commercial Buildings Jonathan Kumi Civil Systems ........................................................................................................................................... 3 II. Introduction to Building Controls

Austin, Mark

44

The Role of Incentives in Building Controls Marketplace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

emissions. Deep deployment of off-the-shelf smart building technologies can cut energy use by at least 30 percent. Outreach, coupled with the help of focused incentives, will allow the building automation and control industry to see the growth... emissions. Deep deployment of off-the-shelf smart building technologies can cut energy use by at least 30 percent. Outreach, coupled with the help of focused incentives, will allow the building automation and control industry to see the growth...

Vanderpool, C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Building Technologies Office: Open-Standard Wireless Controllers for Water  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Open-Standard Wireless Open-Standard Wireless Controllers for Water Heaters Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Open-Standard Wireless Controllers for Water Heaters Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Open-Standard Wireless Controllers for Water Heaters Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Open-Standard Wireless Controllers for Water Heaters Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Open-Standard Wireless Controllers for Water Heaters Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Open-Standard Wireless Controllers for Water Heaters Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Open-Standard Wireless Controllers for Water Heaters Research Project on

46

Advanced, Integrated Control for Building Operations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced, Integrated Control for Building Advanced, Integrated Control for Building Operations Advanced, Integrated Control for Building Operations The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting research into advanced integrated controls for building operations and seeking to validate energy savings strategies by simulations. Project Description This project will develop an advanced, integrated control for the following building systems: Cooling and heating Lighting Ventilation Window and blind operation. A variety of operation and energy saving control strategies will be evaluated on a building equipped with alternative cooling and heating methods, including fan coil units, radiant mullions, and motorized window and blinds. Project Partners Research is being undertaken by DOE, Siemens Corporate Research, Siemens

47

The impact of demand-controlled and economizer ventilation strategies on energy use in buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this work was to evaluate typical energy requirements associated with alternative ventilation control strategies for constant-air-volume (CAV) systems in commercial buildings. The strategies included different combinations of economizer and demand-controlled ventilation, and energy analyses were performed for four typical building types, eight alternative ventilation systems, and twenty US climates. Only single-zone buildings were considered so that simultaneous heating and cooling did not exist. The energy savings associated with economizer and demand-controlled ventilation strategies were found to be very significant for both heating and cooling. In general, the greatest savings in electrical usage for cooling with the addition of demand-controlled ventilation occur in situations where the opportunities for economizer cooling are less. This is true for warm and humid climates and for buildings that have relatively low internal gains (i.e., low occupant densities). As much as 20% savings in electrical energy for cooling were possible with demand-controlled ventilation. The savings in heating energy associated with demand-controlled ventilation were generally much larger but were strongly dependent upon the building type and occupancy schedule. Significantly greater savings were found for buildings with highly variable occupancy schedules and large internal gains (i.e., restaurants) as compared with office buildings. In some cases, the primary heating energy was virtually eliminated by demand-controlled ventilation as compared with fixed ventilation rates. For both heating and cooling, the savings associated with demand-controlled ventilation are dependent on the fixed minimum ventilation rate of the base case at design conditions.

Brandemuehl, M.J.; Braun, J.E.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Co-Simulation of Building Energy and Control Systems with the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the 2nd Modelica conference, pages 551 55Germany, March 2002. Modelica Association and Deutschesand Sven Erik Matts- son. Modelica for embedded systems. In

Wetter, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Building America Case Study: Boiler Control Replacement for Hydronical...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

and nighttime setback. In one building, the new controller included a feature to reduce heat when included apartment temperatures exceeded a set point. This Web-enabled system...

50

Virtual Power Plant Simulation and Control Scheme Design.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Virtual Power Plant (VPP) is a concept that aggregate Distributed Energy Resources (DER) together, aims to overcome the capacity limits of single DER and (more)

Chen, Zhenwei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Virtual control system environment: A modeling and simulation tool for process control systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of tools and techniques for security testing and performance testing of Process Control Systems (PCS) is needed since those systems are vulnerable to the same classes of threats as other networked computer systems. In practice, security testing is difficult to perform on operational PCS because it introduces an unacceptable risk of disruption to the critical systems (e.g., power grids) that they control. In addition, the hardware used in PCS is often expensive, making full-scale mockup systems for live experiments impractical. A more flexible approach to these problems can be provided through test beds that provide the proper mix of real, emulated, and virtual elements to model large, complex systems such as critical infrastructures. This paper describes a 'Virtual Control System Environment' that addresses these issues. (authors)

Lee, E.; Michalski, J.; Sholander, P.; Van Leeuwen, B. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM 87111 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Transaction-Based Building Controls Framework, Volume 1: Reference Guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document proposes a framework concept to achieve the objectives of raising buildings efficiency and energy savings potential benefitting building owners and operators. We call it a transaction-based framework, wherein mutually-beneficial and cost-effective market-based transactions can be enabled between multiple players across different domains. Transaction-based building controls are one part of the transactional energy framework. While these controls realize benefits by enabling automatic, market-based intra-building efficiency optimizations, the transactional energy framework provides similar benefits using the same market -based structure, yet on a larger scale and beyond just buildings, to the society at large.

Somasundaram, Sriram; Pratt, Robert G.; Akyol, Bora A.; Fernandez, Nicholas; Foster, Nikolas AF; Katipamula, Srinivas; Mayhorn, Ebony T.; Somani, Abhishek; Steckley, Andrew C.; Taylor, Zachary T.

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

53

Using Building Control System for Commissioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

France-USA Finland France Japan USA Netherlands Main End-Users BOp MC ES BD BOp BI BOp MC ES BOp BOw BS BOp ES BOp MC ES MI CA BOp MC ES BOp Type building Large commercial buildings Any types Medium and large commercial... 34, VTT, Finland, ISBN 951-38-5725-5. [4] Castro, N.S., Galler, M. A., Bushby, S. T. ?A Test Shell for Developing Automated Commissioning Tools for BACnet Systems? National Conference on Building Commissioning, 2003. ...

Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Salsbury, T.; Choiniere, D.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Control of a Bicycle Using Virtual Holonomic Constraints Luca Consolini, Manfredi Maggiore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control of a Bicycle Using Virtual Holonomic Constraints Luca Consolini, Manfredi Maggiore Abstract-- The problem of making a bicycle trace a strictly convex Jordan curve with bounded roll angle and bounded speed of the bicycle as a function of its position along the curve. It is shown that virtual holonomic constraints can

Maggiore, Manfredi

55

Optimizing HVAC Control to Improve Building Comfort and Energy Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper demonstrates the benefits of optimal control in well-designed and operated buildings using a case study. The case study building was built in 2001. The HVAC and control systems have been installed with state-of-the-art equipment which...

Song, L.; Joo, I.; Dong, D.; Liu, M.; Wang, J.; Hansen, K.; Quiroz, L.; Swiatek, A.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Continuous Control in Buildings with Bond Graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global warming caused by CO2 emissions as a result of energy consumption, shows its growing effects on the average temperatures worldwide. Office buildings are responsible for a major share of the 40% of the energy consumption of the built...

Zeiler, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

An Extensible System For Physically-based Virtual Camera Control Using Rotational Motion Capture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-based, real-time virtual camera control in a commercial 3D software package by means of rotational motion capture. The system described is composed of both programmed physical hardware and a software application. The physical hardware consists of multiple...

Huebel, Robert Shelby

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

58

Development of virtual-labs for education in chemical process control using Modelica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Virtual-labs are useful tools for education in chemical process control. A novel approach to virtual-lab implementation using the Modelica language is presented. This approach has the following advantages. Firstly, existing Modelica models can be employed to develop virtual-labs. If new models need to be programmed, the use of Modelica reduces considerably the modeling effort. Secondly, as the complete virtual-lab is described in Modelica, virtual-lab developers dont need to use programming languages. Finally, virtual-labs can be easily distributed to the users, who dont need to install any additional software. The proposed approach is based on the application of a methodology for interactive model development, and two software tools: a free Modelica library, named Interactive (http://www.euclides.dia.uned.es/Interactive), and the Dymola modeling environment. Several virtual-labs have been implemented and successfully applied to education in chemical process control. The development of a virtual-lab based on a complex model of a double-pipe heat exchanger is discussed.

Carla Martin-Villalba; Alfonso Urquia; Sebastian Dormido

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Monitoring Buildings with Energy Management and Control Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 6 Monitoring Buildings with Energy Management and Control Systems Monitoring and evaluation are important parts of all energy-efficiency programs. With the increasing regulatory requirements for verification of demand-side management program savings and continued development of more innovative financing mechanisms, the ability to substantiate claims of energy savings using measured data takes on added importance. Although expensive, the accurate monitoring of energy consumption and building operations is a necessary part of conservation savings analysis. Energy management and control systems (EMCSs), intended for building operations and control functions, already contain most of the same equipment usually installed for energy monitoring and can often be used for

60

Building blocks for tobacco control: a handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOR TOBACCO CONTROL: A HANDBOOK 60. Bowers S. ImperialFOR TOBACCO CONTROL: A HANDBOOK 90. Author unknown. YouthBlocks for Tobacco Control A Handbook W O R L D H E A LT H O

World Health Organization - Tobacco Free Initiative

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

control logics in S1 works as follow: condensed water supply temperature (control variables to be optimized by MPC include the chilled water supply temperaturesupply temperatures, and high mass flow rates. This control

Ma, Yudong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Tuning Fuzzy Logic Controllers for Energy Efficiency Consumption in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- tems 1 Introduction In EU countries, primary energy consumption in build- ings represents about 40Tuning Fuzzy Logic Controllers for Energy Efficiency Consumption in Buildings R. Alcal´a DECSAI 18071 ­ Granada, Spain e-mail: A.Gonzalez@decsai.ugr.es Abstract In EU countries, primary energy consump

Casillas Barranquero, Jorge

63

Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

automation system Automated Logic Web Control. In theto the campus through the Automated Logics Web Control (ALC)using WebCTRL developed by Automated Logic Corporation. The

Ma, Yudong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Development of an endocrine genomics virtual research environment for Australia: building on success .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The $47m Australian National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR - www.nectar.org.au) project has recently funded an initiative to establish an Australia-wide endocrine genomics virtual (more)

Sinnott, Richard O.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

A Prediction of Energy Savings Resulting from Building Infiltration Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, working to reduce or increase it. This study uses simulation to evaluate the potential energy impact of the interaction when several different strategies for controlling air leakage direction and velocity in building envelope components are implemented...

McWatters, K.; Claridge, D. E.; Liu, M.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

A Virtual Velocity Attractor, Harmonic Potential Approach for Joint planning and control of a UAV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Virtual Velocity Attractor, Harmonic Potential Approach for Joint planning and control of a UAV vehicles (UAVs). The method indirectly controls the trajectory of a UAV by regulating its velocity using planner into a well-behaved control signal that can be fed to the actuator of the UAV. I. Introduction

Masoud, Ahmad A.

67

Development of Building Automation and Control Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Johnson Controls, 70 in Automated Logic EIKON language, 42systems developed by Automated Logic. Similarly as shown in

Yang, Yang; Zhu, Qi; Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Building Technologies Office Load Control Strategies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

BTO researches and implements load control strategies, which support the Sustainable and Holistic IntegratioN of Energy storage and Solar PV (SHINES) FOA.

69

Implementing agent-based emissions trading for controlling Virtual Power Plant emissions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A methodology was developed and tested for controlling the emissions from a group of micro-generators aggregated in a Virtual Power Plant. The methodology is based on the EU Emissions Trading Scheme. A multi-agent system was designed and simulations were performed. The operation of the system was demonstrated experimentally using micro-generation sources installed in two laboratories. Two days of experiments were performed. Results show that system emissions have been controlled with a good accuracy, since only small deviations between desired and actual emissions output were observed. It was found that Virtual Power Plant controllability increases significantly by increasing the number of participating micro-generators.

Spyros Skarvelis-Kazakos; Evangelos Rikos; Efstathia Kolentini; Liana M. Cipcigan; Nick Jenkins

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Shades and Shade Controls : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Shades and Shade Controls Shades and Shade Controls Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Shades and Shade Controls The shades and shade controls scope of work is based upon the philosophy that occupants of commercial office buildings prefer natural light to electric light. The shade system goals for The New York Times Building are: Maximize natural light Maximize occupant connectivity with the outdoors, i.e. external views Intercept sunlight penetration so as to avoid direct solar radiation on the occupants

71

Lighting Controls : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lighting Controls Lighting Controls Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Lighting Controls The lighting controls scope of work is based upon the philosophy that occupants of commercial office buildings prefer natural light to electric light. The lighting controls system specified by the Times Company for its new headquarters building is a DALI (Digital Addressable Lighting Interface) based system with dimmable fixtures throughout the interior space. This allows the system to dim down the electric lighting in response to daylight admittance. It also provides for variable target set points for illuminance levels at the work plane. The Times Company intends to establish and adjust target set points on a departmental basis. The lighting control sequences are described within the specification 16575. These sequences utilize occupancy sensors, photo sensors, switches and a time clock to control the lighting in the interior space on each floor. The emergency lighting system is also described within the specification. The lighting control sequences are tied to Control Intent Diagrams that divide up the space on each floor into its various control zones. The overall intent is to provide electric light only when the space is occupied and to provide as little electric light as is necessary to achieve the target set point for the work plane in a given department. A department usually occupies multiple floors.

72

A virtual control room with an embedded, interactive nuclear reactor simulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of virtual nuclear control room can be an effective and powerful tool for training personnel working in the nuclear power plants. Operators could experience and simulate the functioning of the plant, even in critical situations, without being in a real power plant or running any risk. 3D models can be exported to Virtual Reality formats and then displayed in the Virtual Reality environment providing an immersive 3D experience. However, two major limitations of this approach are that 3D models exhibit static textures, and they are not fully interactive and therefore cannot be used effectively in training personnel. In this paper we first describe a possible solution for embedding the output of a computer application in a 3D virtual scene, coupling real-world applications and VR systems. The VR system reported here grabs the output of an application running on an X server; creates a texture with the output and then displays it on a screen or a wall in the virtual reality environment. We then propose a simple model for providing interaction between the user in the VR system and the running simulator. This approach is based on the use of internet-based application that can be commanded by a laptop or tablet-pc added to the virtual environment. (authors)

Markidis, S.; Rizwan, U. [Dept. of Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Building Automation and Controls Systems: Integrated Room Control for Personalized Comfort and Increased ROI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smart Room Control ESL-IC-14-09-05 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 Agenda ? Room Control fundamentals and evolution ? Challenges ? The Smart Room Control... approach ? Benefits ? Market applications ? Typical Configurations ? Summary ESL-IC-14-09-05 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 Room Control System Fundamentals ? HVAC...

Gill, D.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Building America Case Study: Boiler Control Replacement for Hydronically Heated Multifamily Buildings, Cambridge, Massachusetts (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ARIES Collaborative, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. (HRI) of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to study improvements to the central hydronic heating system in one of the nonprofit's housing developments. The heating controls in the three-building, 42-unit Columbia Cambridge Alliance for Spanish Tenants housing development were upgraded. Fuel use in the development was excessive compared to similar properties. A poorly insulated thermal envelope contributed to high energy bills, but adding wall insulation was not cost-effective or practical. The more cost-effective option was improving heating system efficiency. Efficient operation of the heating system faced several obstacles, including inflexible boiler controls and failed thermostatic radiator valves. Boiler controls were replaced with systems that offer temperature setbacks and one that controls heat based on apartment temperature in addition to outdoor temperature. Utility bill analysis shows that post-retrofit weather-normalized heating energy use was reduced by 10%-31% (average of 19%). Indoor temperature cutoff reduced boiler runtime (and therefore heating fuel consumption) by 28% in the one building in which it was implemented. Nearly all savings were obtained during night which had a lower indoor temperature cut off (68 degrees F) than day (73 degrees F). This implies that the outdoor reset curve was appropriately adjusted for this building for daytime operation. Nighttime setback of heating system supply water temperature had no discernable impact on boiler runtime or gas bills.

Not Available

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Summary Report: Control Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Ultimate Option? Building Services Journal. NovemberProgramme. United Kingdom: Building Research Establishment.Andrew. 1993. Body-building. Building Services Journal.

Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam; Lee, Yoonsu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Energy-Efficient Building HVAC Control Using Hybrid System LBMPC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving the energy-efficiency of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems has the potential to realize large economic and societal benefits. This paper concerns the system identification of a hybrid system model of a building-wide HVAC system and its subsequent control using a hybrid system formulation of learning-based model predictive control (LBMPC). Here, the learning refers to model updates to the hybrid system model that incorporate the heating effects due to occupancy, solar effects, outside air temperature (OAT), and equipment, in addition to integrator dynamics inherently present in low-level control. Though we make significant modeling simplifications, our corresponding controller that uses this model is able to experimentally achieve a large reduction in energy usage without any degradations in occupant comfort. It is in this way that we justify the modeling simplifications that we have made. We conclude by presenting results from experiments on our building HVAC testbed, which s...

Aswani, Anil; Taneja, Jay; Krioukov, Andrew; Culler, David; Tomlin, Claire

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Reducing Occupant-Controlled Electricity Consumption in Campus Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010 Reducing Occupant-Controlled Electricity Consumption in Campus Buildings Kill­09 and is expected to spend more than $17.1 million in 2009­10. In an effort to reduce electricity consumption; 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY UC Berkeley spent $16.39 million on purchased electricity in 2008

Doudna, Jennifer A.

78

HVAC & Building Management Control System Energy Efficiency Replacements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project objective was the replacement of an aging, un-repairable HVAC system which has grown inefficient and a huge energy consumer with low energy and efficient HVAC units, and installation of energy efficient building control technologies at City's YMCA Community Center.

Hernandez, Adriana

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

79

Model-Based Telerobotic Control with Virtual Fixtures For Satellite Servicing Tasks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the tape that secures a flap of multi-layer insulation over the access panel of a satellite mockup. I its national capability to perform on- orbit repair of satellites in low-earth orbit, and evenModel-Based Telerobotic Control with Virtual Fixtures For Satellite Servicing Tasks Tian Xia, Simon

Whitcomb, Louis L.

80

Control of a Bicycle Using Virtual Holonomic Constraints Luca Consolini a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control of a Bicycle Using Virtual Holonomic Constraints Luca Consolini a Manfredi Maggiore b a, Canada Abstract The paper studies the problem of making Getz's bicycle model traverse a strictly convex of the bicycle become a function of the bicycle's position along the curve. It is shown that the VHC can

Maggiore, Manfredi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Co-simulation Based Building Controls Implementation with Networked Sensors and Actuators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

building systems is the key to optimal integrated control of the interdependent building elements in low to building sensor and actuator networks for efficient con- troller design and testing. The platform creates building control and management systems is critical to integrated controls. The first objective

82

REACTOR ANALYSIS AND VIRTUAL CONTROL ENVIRONMENT (RAVEN) FY12 REPORT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

RAVEN is a complex software tool that will have tasks spanning from being the RELAP-7 user interface, to using RELAP-7 to perform Risk Informed Safety Characterization (RISMC), and to controlling RELAP-7 calculation execution. The goal of this document is to: 1. Highlight the functional requirements of the different tasks of RAVEN 2. Identify shared functions that could be aggregate in modules so to obtain a minimal software redundancy and maximize software utilization. RAVEN is in fact a software framework that will allow exploiting the following functionalities: Derive and actuate the control logic required to: o Simulate the plant control system o Simulate the operator (procedure guided) actions o Perform Monte Carlo sampling of random distributed events o Perform event three based analysis Provide a GUI to: o Input a plant description to RELAP-7 (component, control variable, control parameters) o Concurrent monitoring of Control Parameters o Concurrent alteration of control parameters Provide Post Processing data mining capability based on o Dimensionality reduction o Cardinality reduction In this document it will be shown how an appropriate mathematical formulation of the control logic and probabilistic analysis leads to have most of the software infrastructure leveraged between the two main tasks. Further, this document will go through the development accomplished this year, including simulation results, and priorities for the next years development

Cristian Rabiti; Andrea Alfonsi; Joshua Cogliati; Diego Mandelli; Robert Kinoshita

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Conference Control Channel Protocol (CCCP): A scalable base for building conference control applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Conference Control Channel Protocol (CCCP): A scalable base for building conference control.Handley@cs.ucl.ac.uk Abstract This paper presents the Conference Control Channel Pro­ tocol (CCCP), a new scheme intended these as a basis for developing an architecture for the next generation of conference control applications

Handley, Mark

84

Total and Peak Energy Consumption Minimization of Building HVAC Systems Using Model Predictive Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inputs. The idea of modeling building thermal behavior usingThe detail of building thermal modeling is pre- sented in [Modeling and optimal control algorithm design for hvac systems in energy efficient buildings,

Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Handling model uncertainty in model predictive control for energy efficient buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

trol for the operation of building cooling systems, IEEEK. Wirth, Energy ef?cient building climate control usingSagerschnig, E. Z ? ?cekov, Building [8] J. Pr vara, S.

Maasoumy, Mehdi; Razmara, M; Shahbakhti, M; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Alternative strategies for supply air temperature control in office buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A key element for a reduced energy usage in the building sector is to improve the systems for indoor climate control. But, it is important that such measures are fairly simple and easy to implement in order to facilitate a widespread utilization. In this work, four alternative strategies for supply air temperature control in offices were investigated through simulations. Their level of complexity stretches from linear SISO (single-input, single-output) structures with standard inputs to an optimal algorithm with information about the entire set of disturbances acting on the building. The study was conducted with a conventional outdoor-air-temperature based method as benchmark, and two different heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems as well as two types of building structures were taken into account. Compared to the benchmark, all alternative strategies resulted in lower energy usages while thermal comfort and indoor air quality were satisfied, and simple strategies could perform almost equally well as more complex. But, it was also shown that the benefits were highly dependent on the considered HVAC system and somewhat dependent on the considered building structures.

Mattias Gruber; Anders Trschel; Jan-Olof Dalenbck

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Independent Control of Sensible and Latent Cooling in Small Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

util impact. INTRODUCTION Dehumidification has become an increasingly large fraction of the total cooling load in many new buildings, as heat gains through the envelope have been reduced but internal moisture generation and the need... to be coincident with maximum air-conditioning loads. The possibility was suggested that by independently controlling temperature and humidity ways might be found to ameliorate the peak electrical loads imposed on utilities by the residential and small...

Andrews, J.; Lamontagne, J.; Piraino, M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Demonstration of Smart Building Controls to Manage Building Peak Loads: Innovative Non-Wires Technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a part of the non-wires solutions effort, BPA in partnership with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is exploring the use of two distributed energy resources (DER) technologies in the City of Richland. In addition to demonstrating the usefulness of the two DER technologies in providing peak demand relief, evaluation of remote direct load control (DLC) is also one of the primary objectives of this demonstration. The concept of DLC, which is used to change the energy use profile during peak hours of the day, is not new. Many utilities have had success in reducing demand at peak times to avoid building new generation. It is not the need for increased generation that is driving the use of direct load control in the Northwest, but the desire to avoid building additional transmission capacity. The peak times at issue total between 50 and 100 hours a year. A transmission solution to the problem would cost tens of millions of dollars . And since a ?non wires? solution is just as effective and yet costs much less, the capital dollars for construction can be used elsewhere on the grid where building new transmission is the only alternative. If by using DLC, the electricity use can be curtailed, shifted to lower use time periods or supplemented through local generation, the existing system can be made more reliable and cost effective.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Hatley, Darrel D.

2004-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

89

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Advanced Boiler Load Monitoring Controllers, Chicago, Illinois  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In this project, the Building America team Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit (PARR) installed and monitored an ALM aftermarket controller, the M2G from Greffen Systems, at two Chicago area multifamily buildings with existing OTR control.

90

Energy efficiency in public buildings through ICT based control and monitoring systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy efficiency in public buildings through ICT based control and monitoring systems G, France Keywords: energy efficiency, existing public buildings, control strategies, dynamic simulations a project entitled "Smart Energy Efficient Middleware for Public Spaces" (SEEMPubS). The project addresses

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

91

Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Michael Brambley, Ph.D. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Michael.Brambley@pnnl.gov (509) 375-6875 April 2, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Problem Statement * Less than 10% of the buildings have building automation systems (BAS) * Over 90% of buildings stock either: - small (<5,000 sf) or - medium-sized (between 5,000 sf and 50,000 sf)

92

Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Michael Brambley, Ph.D. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Michael.Brambley@pnnl.gov (509) 375-6875 April 2, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Problem Statement * Less than 10% of the buildings have building automation systems (BAS) * Over 90% of buildings stock either: - small (<5,000 sf) or - medium-sized (between 5,000 sf and 50,000 sf)

93

Daylighting control systems : Daylighting The New York Times Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

control systems control systems Overview The architectural approach The owner's approach Daylighting field study Daylighting control systems Automated roller shades Procurement specifications Shades and Shade Controls Lighting Controls Visualizing daylight Commissioning/ verification Demand response Mainstream solutions Post-occupancy evaluation Publications Sponsors Project team Daylighting control systems Lighting energy savings were greater in zones daylit bilaterally from both the southwest and northwest facades, typically 50-60% at 11 feet from the windows and 25-40% at 14-25 feet from the façade. Total illuminance was maintained in all lighting zones to within -10% of the setpoint for 95-100% of the day throughout most of the nine-month monitored period. Daylight "harvesting" strategies are implemented using daylighting control systems that dim the electric lighting in response to interior daylight levels. For commercial applications, the light output of fluorescent lamps (T5 or T8) are varied by using electronic dimming ballasts. Photosensors, typically mounted in the ceiling, are used to measure the quantity of daylight in the space then determine the amount of dimming required to maintain the design work plane illuminance level. If daylight levels are more than adequate, the electric lights can be shut off. Simulation studies indicate that annual energy use and peak demand can be reduced by 20-30% compared to a non-daylit building. These technological solutions are increasingly becoming one of the key means to achieving compliance with stringent energy-efficiency standards and achieving LEED ratings for sustainable design.

94

Small and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs Scoping  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Small and Medium-Sized Building Automation Small and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs Scoping Study Small and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs Scoping Study The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting a scoping research study of small- and medium-sized building automation and control system needs. Project Description This project seeks to develop a scoping study to identify the building automation system needs-such as end-uses and systems to be controlled-and control capabilities for small- and medium-sized buildings. Researchers also plan to develop a case study to show that building controls for small- and medium-sized buildings can be cost-effective. The monitoring needs to ensure proper and persistent operations will also be identified.

95

List of Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Incentives | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Incentives Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 261 Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 261) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools Boilers Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Custom/Others pending approval Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Furnaces Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Roofs Windows Yes AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional

96

2.5D Building Modeling with Topology Control Qian-Yi Zhou  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2.5D Building Modeling with Topology Control Qian-Yi Zhou University of Southern California building reconstruction aims at creating building models composed of complex roofs and vertical walls to that of manually created models or primitive-based models. 1. Introduction Building reconstruction lies

Southern California, University of

97

Receding-horizon Supervisory Control of Green Buildings Truong X. Nghiem, George J. Pappas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. Department of Energy. Consequently, there has been a growing interest in green buildings, i.e., energy]). For this reason, green buildings (i.e., energy-efficient buildings) have been of strong interest not onlyReceding-horizon Supervisory Control of Green Buildings Truong X. Nghiem, George J. Pappas

Pappas, George J.

98

Comparison of Control Strategies for Energy Efficient Building HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transfer in rooms in the modelica buildings library. [18] A.Building models are first captured in Modelica [1]to leverage Modelicas rich building component library and

Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Summary Report: Control Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the IECC building code and ASHRAE 90 have converged on an 8Office Buildings. ASHRAE Transactions. Vol. 90 (1B). 1984.

Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam; Lee, Yoonsu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Model Reduction for Indoor-Air Behavior in Control Design for Energy-Efficient Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model Reduction for Indoor-Air Behavior in Control Design for Energy-Efficient Buildings Jeff models for the indoor-air environment in control design for energy efficient buildings. In one method by a desire to incorporate models of the indoor-air environment in the design of energy efficient buildings

Gugercin, Serkan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Small- and Medium-Sized Commercial Building Monitoring and Controls Needs: A Scoping Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Buildings consume over 40% of the total energy consumption in the U.S. A significant portion of the energy consumed in buildings is wasted because of the lack of controls or the inability to use existing building automation systems (BASs) properly. Much of the waste occurs because of our inability to manage and controls buildings efficiently. Over 90% of the buildings are either small-size (<5,000 sf) or medium-size (between 5,000 sf and 50,000 sf); these buildings currently do not use BASs to monitor and control their building systems from a central location. According to Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), about 10% of the buildings in the U.S. use BASs or central controls to manage their building system operations. Buildings that use BASs are typically large (>100,000 sf). Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) were asked by the U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) Building Technologies Program (BTP) to identify monitoring and control needs for small- and medium-sized commercial buildings and recommend possible solutions. This study documents the needs and solutions for small- and medium-sized buildings.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Underhill, Ronald M.; Goddard, James K.; Taasevigen, Danny J.; Piette, M. A.; Granderson, J.; Brown, Rich E.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; Kuruganti, T.

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

102

Design and Optimization of Control Strategies and Parameters by Building and System Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

temperatures have been tested and analyzed within simulation calculations. SIMULATION MODEL Building Model The part of the building considered for this study is modeled using the TRNSYS Type 56 multi-zone building model [3]. The model consists of 13... is integrated into the TRNSYS building model [4]. System Model The detailed model of the peripheric systems, the occupancy and load schedules of the building and the control strategies is built using the appropriate types from the model library of TRNSYS...

Baumann, O.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A prediction of energy savings resulting from building infiltration control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, temperature ('C) Indoor, or room, temperature of building ('C) Temperature of exterior surface of a building wall, window or roof ( C) Sol-air temperature for a wall or other building surface ('C) Interchangeable with T, Difference between building room... infiltration Designating airflow into a building surface Maximum model Minimum Interaction heat transfer calculation model N North Pressure Surface South sa Sol-air Room tot Total CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1. 1 OBJECTIVES Heating and cooling...

McWatters, Kenneth Rob

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

How to Select Lighting Controls for Offices and Public Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Why Agencies Should Buy Efficient Products s Executive Order 13123 and FAR section 23.704 direct agencies to purchase products in the upper 25% of energy efficiency, including all models that qualify for the EPA/DOE ENERGY STAR ® product labeling program. s Agencies that use these guidelines to buy efficient products can realize substantial operating cost savings and help prevent pollution. s As the world's largest consumer, the federal government can help "pull" the entire U.S. market towards greater energy efficiency, while saving taxpayer dollars. How to Select Lighting Controls For Offices and Public Buildings LT-8 PAGE 1 DECEMBER 2000 Definitions Daylight dimming employs sensors that detect ambient light levels and then allow ballasts to

105

Comparison of Conventional and Fuzzy Control of Indoor Air Quality in Buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article compares various techniques for the control of indoor air quality in a naturally ventilated building: ON-OFF, proportional-integral-derivative PID, proportional-integral with deadband PIdb, and fuzzy control. The control system for the fuzzy ...

A. I. Dounis; M. Bruant; M. Santamouris; G. Guarracino; P. Michel

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Natural ventilation in buildings : modeling, control and optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural ventilation in buildings has the potential to reduce the energy consumption usually associated with mechanical cooling while maintaining thermal comfort and air quality. It is important to know how building parameters, ...

Ip Kiun Chong, Karine

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Detecting and tracing building occupants to optimize process control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in office buildings: results of a large indoor environmental quality survey, Proceedings Healthy Buildings, Lisbon Khoury, H., & Kamat, V. (2009). Evaluation of position tracking technologies for user localization in indoor construction environments...

Zeiler,W.; Labeodan,T.; Boxem,G.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

A Scenario-based Predictive Control Approach to Building HVAC Management Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Scenario-based Predictive Control Approach to Building HVAC Management Systems Alessandra Parisio and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems while minimizing the overall energy use. The strategy uses

Johansson, Karl Henrik

109

Use of Weather and Occupancy Forecasts for Optimal Building Climate Control Part II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that predictive control presents a promising option to enhance the energy efficiency and comfort of buildings office building. The proposed project presents a follow-up to the forerunner project "Use of Weather-site event targeted at professionals from the building, energy and educational sectors. Project risks relate

Fischlin, Andreas

110

Duty-Cycling Buildings Aggressively: The Next Frontier in HVAC Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Duty-Cycling Buildings Aggressively: The Next Frontier in HVAC Control Yuvraj Agarwal, Bharathan the dominant energy consumer is the HVAC system. Despite this fact, in most buildings the HVAC system is run sensing to guide the operation of a building HVAC system. We show how we can enable aggressive duty

Simunic, Tajana

111

Application of CFD to Predict and Control Chemical and Biological Agent Dispersion in Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Application of CFD to Predict and Control Chemical and Biological Agent Dispersion in Buildings Z, West Lafayette, IN 47907 Abstract Terrorist attack in buildings by chemical and biological agents (CBAs in an office building in order to find the best locations for CBA sensors and to develop effective ventilation

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

112

Real-time Building Energy Simulation using EnergyPlus and the Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Real-time Building Energy Simulation using EnergyPlus and the Building Real-time Building Energy Simulation using EnergyPlus and the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed Title Real-time Building Energy Simulation using EnergyPlus and the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed Publication Type Conference Proceedings LBNL Report Number LBNL-5390E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Pang, Xiufeng, Prajesh Bhattacharya, Zheng O'Neill, Philip Haves, Michael Wetter, and Trevor Bailey Conference Name Proc. of the 12th IBPSA Conference Pagination p. 2890-2896 Date Published 11/2011 Conference Location Sydney, Australia Abstract Most commercial buildings do not perform as well in practice as intended by the design and their performances often deteriorate over time. Reasons include faulty construction, malfunctioning equipment, incorrectly configured control systems and inappropriate operating procedures (Haves et al., 2001, Lee et al., 2007). To address this problem, the paper presents a simulation-based whole building performance monitoring tool that allows a comparison of building actual performance and expected performance in real time. The tool continuously acquires relevant building model input variables from existing Energy Management and Control System (EMCS). It then reports expected energy consumption as simulated of EnergyPlus. The Building Control Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB) is used as the software platform to provide data linkage between the EMCS, an EnergyPlus model, and a database. This paper describes the integrated real-time simulation environment. A proof-of-concept demonstration is also presented in the paper.

113

A Toolkit for Building Energy Consumption Data Quality Assurance/Quality Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conference Enhanced Building Operations, New York City, October 18-20, 2011 ICEBO 2011 ? New York JCB/ESL Outline ? Motivation ? Building Energy Data Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) Project ? Tool Development ? Inputs... Occurred ESL-IC-11-10-30 Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference Enhanced Building Operations, New York City, October 18-20, 2011 ICEBO 2011 ? New York JCB/ESL Building Energy Data QA/QC Project ? 150 Campus...

Baltazar, J.C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Lab Helps FAA Build Energy-Efficient Control Towers | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lab Helps FAA Build Energy-Efficient Control Towers Lab Helps FAA Build Energy-Efficient Control Towers Lab Helps FAA Build Energy-Efficient Control Towers April 23, 2010 - 10:57am Addthis With help from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and its subcontractor, Redhorse Corporation, the agency that keeps our country's airports running is bolstering its energy efficiency. The Federal Aviation Administration is developing building plans that save energy - and money - at five airports in the western U.S. Government agencies are required by law to audit their buildings, so the FAA saw some Recovery Act funding as an opportunity to help fund its energy audits. Air traffic control towers are a vital service for travelers, keeping air traffic free of accidents. Their accompanying base buildings house administrative offices and support systems.

115

IZ-CON: an intelligent zone controller for building systems operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into a number of well-formed sub-domains. Toward this end, a generative scheme for representation of buildings' systems control architecture is developed that allows for a structured distribution of systems' control logic. The scheme is cogently derived...

Mahdavi, A.; Schub, M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

CONTROL ID: 974053 TITLE: A Virtual Ocean Observatory for Climate and Ocean Science: Synergistic Applications for SWOT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measurements, that are important to the modeling of ocean currents, eddies and mixing. INDEX TERMS: [1910Proof CONTROL ID: 974053 TITLE: A Virtual Ocean Observatory for Climate and Ocean Science: Synergistic Applications for SWOT and XOVWM PRESENTATION TYPE: Assigned by Committee (Oral or Poster) CURRENT

Arabshahi, Payman

117

Building HVAC Control System Interaction Issues: Two Case Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct Digital Control (DDC) allows HVAC equipment to be controlled at an upper level (supervisory control) through commands from a central system, or at a lower-level (local-loop control) by local controllers. The various levels of equipment...

Chen, Q.; Deng, S.; Toole, C.; Xu, C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Hybrid Model for Building Performance Diagnosis and Optimal Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and two capacitances, is used to simulate building envelope whose parameters are determined in frequency domain using the theoretical frequency characteristics of the envelope. Internal mass is represented by a 2R2C thermal network model, which consists...

Wang, S.; Xu, X.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Recent Developments of the Modelica "Buildings" Library for Building Energy and Control Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consumption and related green house gas emis- sions. For example, in the United States, build- ings consume 2. Section 4 presents applications with models for multizone airflow simulation and for co-simulation in these packages augment models from the Modelica Standard Library and from the Modelica.Fluid library. Base

120

A Control Scheme of Enhanced Reliability for Multiple Chiller Plants Using Mergerd Building Cooling Load Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 much on the accuracy of the chiller model. Measurement accuracy and reliability are essential for the accuracy and reliability of chiller sequencing... Central Chilling Plant Monitoring and control Figure 1. Framework of enhancing building cooling load measurements using data fusion 2 ESL-IC-08-10-31 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany...

Wang, S.; Sun, Y.; Huang, G.; Zhu, N.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Initial and Continuous Commissioning of Building Automation and Control Systems (BACS) -Preview EN ISO 16484-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations - ICEBO?08 Conference Center of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology Berlin, October 20 - 22, 2008 Dipl.-Ing. Hans R. Kranz VDI HAK Consulting Enzstrasse 10 76694... Forst 0 04 91 72/ 2 92 60 21 hans@kranz.com INITIAL AND CONTINUOUS COMMISSIONING OF BUILDING AUTOMATION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS (BACS) - PREVIEW EN ISO 16484 - Did you ever think about: ?why are our buildings so dumb?? The simple answer might be...

Kranz, H. R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Model-Based Control: Development of a software tool for responsive building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Model-Based Control: Development of a software tool for responsive building Model-Based Control: Development of a software tool for responsive building research, design and operation Speaker(s): Brian Coffey Date: June 28, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-4133 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Peng Xu Model-based control approaches the problem of optimal supervisory control for complex building systems by using discrete timesteps and searching for an optimal control configuration at each timestep, using a detailed building model and an optimization algorithm. Although the approach itself is not new (it was proposed at least as early as 1988), it is only during the past five to ten years that readily-available computation power has allowed researchers to consider this approach with complex system models. Recent research has developed and tested this approach for active solar

123

Building Controls and Facilities Management in 21st Century  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Managing buildings requires a wide array of skills and tools for building operations, maintenance, engineering, forecasting, budgeting, health, safety, and security. Recent developments in open communication standards for building automation systems (BASs), as well as the pervasive use of Internet and intranet technologies, have created a flood of new options for owners and operators of facilities. The ability to manage facilities over the Internet enables remote monitoring, remote equipment diagnostics, and load aggregation -- all of which require significant data and image transfers in real time. In this paper we present a conceptual design to extend the traditional role of facilities management. The advantages of managing facilities that are distributed over the Internet are also described. Implementation and integration of various facilities management functions (remote monitoring, remote diagnostics, load aggregation, and whole facility optimization) are described as well.

Katipamula, Srinivas (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Armstrong, Peter R. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Brambley, Michael R. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Pratt, Robert G. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Chassin, David P. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Tackling the Improved Control of Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Research Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tackling the Improved Control of Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Research Update Tackling the Improved Control of Mixed-Mode Buildings: A Research Update Speaker(s): Peter May-Ostendorp Date: March 29, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: William Fisk (This presentation by Peter May-Ostendorp will begin with an introduction to building energy research at UC Boulder, by Prof. Gregor Henze.) Mixed-mode (MM) cooling is a promising building design strategy for low-energy cooling that incorporates natural ventilation alongside other forms of space conditioning. A properly designed system will intelligently switch between modes of cooling to maximize energy savings, while preserving occupant comfort. The near-optimal operation of MM buildings is explored through a model-predictive control (MPC) study using a purpose-built optimization environment coupled to EnergyPlus. Preliminary

125

Co-design of control algorithm and embedded platform for building HVAC systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The design of heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems is crucial for reducing energy consumption in buildings. As complex cyber-physical systems, HVAC systems involve three closely-related subsystems -- the control algorithm, the physical ... Keywords: building energy efficiency, co-design, platform-based design

Mehdi Maasoumy; Qi Zhu; Cheng Li; Forrest Meggers; Alberto Sangiovanni-Vincentelli

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Model Predictive Control for the Operation of Building Cooling Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

predictive control of thermal energy storage in buildingpredictive control of thermal energy storage in buildingsystems which use thermal energy storage. In particular the

Ma, Yudong

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

BacNet and Analog/Digital Interfaces of the Building Controls Virtual Testbed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Engelson V. 1998. Modelica, A Unified Object-Orientedenvironment such as Modelica (Fritzson et al. , 1998), andSimulink (Mathworks, 2010), Modelica or Ptolemy II, and

Nouidui, ThierryStephane

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

A Modular Building Controls Virtual Test Bed for the Integrations of Heterogeneous Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Martin Otter, Proceedings of the 2nd Modelica con- ference.Modelica Association and Deutsches Zen- trum fur Luft- und

Wetter, Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Predictive Optimal Control of Active and Passive Building Thermal Storage Inventory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cooling of commercial buildings contributes significantly to the peak demand placed on an electrical utility grid. Time-of-use electricity rates encourage shifting of electrical loads to off-peak periods at night and weekends. Buildings can respond to these pricing signals by shifting cooling-related thermal loads either by precooling the building's massive structure or the use of active thermal energy storage systems such as ice storage. While these two thermal batteries have been engaged separately in the past, this project investigates the merits of harnessing both storage media concurrently in the context of predictive optimal control. This topical report describes the demonstration of the model-based predictive optimal control for active and passive building thermal storage inventory in a test facility in real-time using time-of-use differentiated electricity prices without demand charges. The laboratory testing findings presented in this topical report cover the second of three project phases. The novel supervisory controller successfully executed a three-step procedure consisting of (1) short-term weather prediction, (2) optimization of control strategy over the next planning horizon using a calibrated building model, and (3) post-processing of the optimal strategy to yield a control command for the current time step that can be executed in the test facility. The primary and secondary building mechanical systems were effectively orchestrated by the model-based predictive optimal controller in real-time while observing comfort and operational constraints. The findings reveal that when the optimal controller is given imperfect weather fore-casts and when the building model used for planning control strategies does not match the actual building perfectly, measured utility costs savings relative to conventional building operation can be substantial. This requires that the facility under control lends itself to passive storage utilization and the building model includes a realistic plant model. The savings associated with passive building thermal storage inventory proved to be small be-cause the test facility is not an ideal candidate for the investigated control technology. Moreover, the facility's central plant revealed the idiosyncratic behavior that the chiller operation in the ice-making mode was more energy efficient than in the chilled-water mode. Field experimentation (Phase III) is now required in a suitable commercial building with sufficient thermal mass, an active TES system, and a climate conducive to passive storage utilization over a longer testing period to support the laboratory findings presented in this topical report.

Gregor P. Henze; Moncef Krarti

2003-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

130

Building Science  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Science Science The "Enclosure" Joseph Lstiburek, Ph.D., P.Eng, ASHRAE Fellow www.buildingscience.com * Control heat flow * Control airflow * Control water vapor flow * Control rain * Control ground water * Control light and solar radiation * Control noise and vibrations * Control contaminants, environmental hazards and odors * Control insects, rodents and vermin * Control fire * Provide strength and rigidity * Be durable * Be aesthetically pleasing * Be economical Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 2 Water Control Layer Air Control Layer Vapor Control Layer Thermal Control Layer Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 3 Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 4 Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 5 Building Science Corporation

131

THE ROLE OF BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES IN REDUCING AND CONTROLLING PEAK ELECTRICITY DEMAND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-49947 THE ROLE OF BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES IN REDUCING AND CONTROLLING PEAK ELECTRICITY DEMAND? ..................................... 8 What are the seasonal aspects of electric peak demand?............................ 9 What because of the California electricity crisis (Borenstein 2001). Uncertainties surrounding the reliability

132

Neuro-fuzzy control of an MDOF building with a magnetorheological damper using acceleration feedback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

varying voltage to be applied to MR dampers installed in the buildings. Determination of the voltage signal is based solely on acceleration feedback from the structure being controlled. Effectiveness of the RC is tested through a series of numerical...

Schurter, Kyle Christopher

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

The influence of shading control strategies on the visual comfort and energy demand of office buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A lighting control strategy using daylighting is important to reduce energy consumption, and to provide occupants with visual comfort. The objective of this research is to evaluate visual comfort and building energy demand, and suggest lighting and shading control strategies for visual comfort and building energy savings. This research intends to achieve visual comfort and energy savings in an office building, by means of visual environmental control, and focuses on a quantitative criterion (illuminance), and a qualitative criterion (glare index) in daylighting. We used HDR images captured in real scene and simulation (DIVA-for-Rhino) for glare evaluation. The measured data from the mock-up room and the scale model were compared, to validate the simulation tool. Vertical eye illuminance (Ev) is recommended for the glare index, in place of the DGI or DGP. To prevent disturbing glare and to secure maximum daylight, control strategies of lighting and shading are suggested, related to the Ev value. In addition, the EnergyPlus program was used for calculation of the annual energy consumption. Building energy consumption is presented according to three building orientations, and 10 control strategies of lighting and shading. If there is no need to consider glare, a blind slat angle of 0 or dynamic shading is better in winter, regardless of the building orientation. In summer, a blind slat angle of 30 (static angle) or dynamic shading is suitable for an energy efficient and anti-glare control strategy.

Gyeong Yun; Kap Chun Yoon; Kang Soo Kim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

On scaling strategies for the full-body postural control of virtual mannequins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......The traditional approach in Animation (Autodesk MotionBuilder) and Virtual Prototyping...network of Excellence ENACTIVE. References Autodesk MotionBuilder. Available from: http://usa.autodesk.com . Badler N. , Hollick M.J......

Ronan Boulic; Damien Maupu; Daniel Thalmann

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Bay Controls & Ford Teaming Profile | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bay Controls & Ford Teaming Profile Bay Controls & Ford Teaming Profile Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories

136

Innovative Control of Electric Heat in Multifamily Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the application of web-based wireless technology for control of electric heating in a large multifamily housing complex. The control system architecture and components are described. A web-based application enables remote...

Lempereur, D.; Bobker, M.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

The impact of demand-controlled ventilation on energy use in buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective of this work was to evaluate typical energy requirements associated with alternative ventilation control strategies. The strategies included different combinations of economizer and demand-controlled ventilation controls and energy analyses were performed for a range of typical buildings, systems, and climates. Only single zone buildings were considered, so that simultaneous heating and cooling did not exist. The energy savings associated with economizer and demand-controlled ventilation strategies were found to be very significant for both heating and cooling. In general, the greatest savings in electrical usage for cooling with the addition of demand-controlled ventilation occur in situations where the opportunities for economizer cooling are less. This is true for warm and humid climates, and for buildings that have low relative internal gains (i.e., low occupant densities). As much as 10% savings in electrical energy for cooling were possible with demand-controlled ventilation. The savings in heating energy associated with demand-controlled ventilation were generally much larger, but were strongly dependent upon the occupancy schedule. Significantly greater savings were found for buildings with highly variable occupancy schedules (e.g., stores and restaurants) as compared with office buildings. In some cases, the primary heating energy was reduced by a factor of 10 with demand-controlled ventilation as compared with fixed ventilation rates.

Braun, J.E.; Brandemuehl, M.J.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

CONTROLLING ACCESS TO UNIVERSITY FACILITIES 1. It is the Policy of Syracuse University that all electronically secured University buildings will  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that all electronically secured University buildings will have a single access control system for managing for any building will be at the discretion of the Cabinet Officer assigned responsibility for the building or area of a building. Approval will be coordinated through the Department of Public Safety (DPS

Mather, Patrick T.

139

Natural light controls and guides in buildings. Energy saving for electrical lighting, reduction of cooling load  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The residential sector is responsible for approximately a quarter of energy consumption in Europe. This consumption, together with that of other buildings, mainly from the tertiary sector, makes up 40% of total energy consumption and 36% of CO2 emissions. Artificial lighting makes up 14% of electrical consumption in the European Union and 19% worldwide. Through the use of well-designed natural lighting, controlled by technologies or systems which guarantee accessibility from all areas inside buildings, energy consumption for lighting and air conditioning can be kept to a minimum. The authors of this article carried out a state of the art on the technologies or control systems of natural light in buildings, concentrating on those control methods which not only protect the occupants from direct solar glare but also maximize natural light penetration in buildings based on the occupants? preferences, whilst allowing for a reduction in electrical consumption for lighting and cooling. All of the control and/or natural light guidance systems and/or strategies guarantee the penetration of daylight into the building, thus reducing the electrical energy consumption for lighting and cooling. At the same time they improve the thermal and visual comfort of the users of the buildings. However various studies have also brought to light certain disadvantages to these systems.

E.J. Gago; T. Muneer; M. Knez; H. Kster

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Automated Demand Response Strategies and Commissioning Commercial Building Controls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4 9 . Piette et at Automated Demand Response Strategies andDynamic Controls for Demand Response in New and ExistingFully Automated Demand Response Tests in Large Facilities"

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila; Linkugel, Eric

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Cost Control Best Practices for Net Zero Energy Building Projects: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For net zero energy (NZE) buildings to become the norm in commercial construction, it will be necessary to design and construct these buildings cost effectively. While industry leaders have developed workflows (for procurement, design, and construction) to achieve cost-effective NZE buildings for certain cases, the expertise embodied in those workflows has limited penetration within the commercial building sector. Documenting cost control best practices of industry leaders in NZE and packaging those strategies for adoption by the commercial building sector will help make the business case for NZE. Furthermore, it will promote market uptake of the innovative technologies and design approaches needed to achieve NZE. This paper summarizes successful cost control strategies for NZE procurement, design, and construction that key industry users (such as building owners, architects, and designers) can incorporate into their everyday workflows. It will also evaluate the current state of NZE economics and propose a path forward for greater market penetration of NZE buildings. By demonstrating how to combine NZE technologies and design approaches into an overall efficiency package that can be implemented at minimal (zero, in certain cases) incremental capital cost, the domain of NZE design and construction can be expanded from a niche market to the commercial construction mainstream.

Leach, M.; Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Hydronic Heating Retrofits for Low-Rise Multifamily Buildings: Boiler Control Replacement and Monitoring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ARIES Collaborative, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to implement and study improvements to the central hydronic heating system in one of the nonprofit's housing developments. The heating control systems in the three-building, 42-unit Columbia Cambridge Alliance for Spanish Tenants housing development were upgraded.

Dentz, J.; Henderson, H.; Varshney, K.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Predictive Optimal Control of Active and Passive Building Thermal Storage Inventory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cooling of commercial buildings contributes significantly to the peak demand placed on an electrical utility grid. Time-of-use electricity rates encourage shifting of electrical loads to off-peak periods at night and weekends. Buildings can respond to these pricing signals by shifting cooling-related thermal loads either by precooling the building's massive structure or the use of active thermal energy storage systems such as ice storage. While these two thermal batteries have been engaged separately in the past, this project investigated the merits of harnessing both storage media concurrently in the context of predictive optimal control. To pursue the analysis, modeling, and simulation research of Phase 1, two separate simulation environments were developed. Based on the new dynamic building simulation program EnergyPlus, a utility rate module, two thermal energy storage models were added. Also, a sequential optimization approach to the cost minimization problem using direct search, gradient-based, and dynamic programming methods was incorporated. The objective function was the total utility bill including the cost of reheat and a time-of-use electricity rate either with or without demand charges. An alternative simulation environment based on TRNSYS and Matlab was developed to allow for comparison and cross-validation with EnergyPlus. The initial evaluation of the theoretical potential of the combined optimal control assumed perfect weather prediction and match between the building model and the actual building counterpart. The analysis showed that the combined utilization leads to cost savings that is significantly greater than either storage but less than the sum of the individual savings. The findings reveal that the cooling-related on-peak electrical demand of commercial buildings can be considerably reduced. A subsequent analysis of the impact of forecasting uncertainty in the required short-term weather forecasts determined that it takes only very simple short-term prediction models to realize almost all of the theoretical potential of this control strategy. Further work evaluated the impact of modeling accuracy on the model-based closed-loop predictive optimal controller to minimize utility cost. The following guidelines have been derived: For an internal heat gain dominated commercial building, reasonable geometry simplifications are acceptable without a loss of cost savings potential. In fact, zoning simplification may improve optimizer performance and save computation time. The mass of the internal structure did not show a strong effect on the optimization. Building construction characteristics were found to impact building passive thermal storage capacity. It is thus advisable to make sure the construction material is well modeled. Zone temperature setpoint profiles and TES performance are strongly affected by mismatches in internal heat gains, especially when they are underestimated. Since they are a key factor in determining the building cooling load, efforts should be made to keep the internal gain mismatch as small as possible. Efficiencies of the building energy systems affect both zone temperature setpoints and active TES operation because of the coupling of the base chiller for building precooling and the icemaking TES chiller. Relative efficiencies of the base and TES chillers will determine the balance of operation of the two chillers. The impact of mismatch in this category may be significant. Next, a parametric analysis was conducted to assess the effects of building mass, utility rate, building location and season, thermal comfort, central plant capacities, and an economizer on the cost saving performance of optimal control for active and passive building thermal storage inventory. The key findings are: (1) Heavy-mass buildings, strong-incentive time-of-use electrical utility rates, and large on-peak cooling loads will likely lead to attractive savings resulting from optimal combined thermal storage control. (2) By using economizer to take advantage of the cool fresh air during the night, the bu

Gregor P. Henze; Moncef Krarti

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

144

Response Time-based Self-tuning Fuzzy Control of Virtualized Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, originally developed for response time assurance in web servers to resource allocation in virtualized environments. We introduce mechanisms for adaptive output amplification and flexible rule selection in the STFC are difficult to estimate due to time-varying and diverse workload. More importantly, client-perceived quality

Xu, Cheng-Zhong

145

Analysis of control strategies for thermally activated building systems under demand side management mechanisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Thermally activated buildings systems (TABS) are systems that integrate heating/cooling devices in the building structure, so that the building elements act as thermal storage and have an active role in the energy supply and demand management. Although TABS are well known systems, there are still open questions in their realization, mainly concerning appropriate control strategies which are influenced by the large thermal inertia. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the influence of demand side management control strategies on the performance of a thermally activated building system applied in a commercial building. The goal is to estimate the potential of TABS for load shifting requested by the electricity grid. The analysis is performed by means of a sample case: first the existing TABS control strategy and then the possible implementation of DSM mechanisms are analyzed. In particular three different demand side management mechanisms are evaluated: (i) a peak shaving strategy, (ii) a random request of switching on/off the system and (iii) a night load shifting strategy. The simulation results show high potential of TABS within the DSM framework, since TABS allow load control while scarcely affect thermal comfort.

A. Arteconi; D. Costola; P. Hoes; J.L.M. Hensen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

A Modelica-based Model Library for Building Energy and Control Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes an open-source library with component models for building energy and control systems that is based on Modelica, an equation-based objectoriented language that is well positioned to become the standard for modeling of dynamic systems in various industrial sectors. The library is currently developed to support computational science and engineering for innovative building energy and control systems. Early applications will include controls design and analysis, rapid prototyping to support innovation of new building systems and the use of models during operation for controls, fault detection and diagnostics. This paper discusses the motivation for selecting an equation-based object-oriented language. It presents the architecture of the library and explains how base models can be used to rapidly implement new models. To demonstrate the capability of analyzing novel energy and control systems, the paper closes with an example where we compare the dynamic performance of a conventional hydronic heating system with thermostatic radiator valves to an innovative heating system. In the new system, instead of a centralized circulation pump, each of the 18 radiators has a pump whose speed is controlled using a room temperature feedback loop, and the temperature of the boiler is controlled based on the speed of the radiator pump. All flows are computed by solving for the pressure distribution in the piping network, and the controls include continuous and discrete time controls.

Wetter, Michael

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

147

Hydronic Controls Retrofits for Low-Rise Multi-Famiy Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Building America Stakeholder Meeting Austin, Texas February 29 to March 2, 2012 Hugh Henderson, CDH Energy Corp. Jordan Dentz, The Levy Partnership, Inc. Hydronic Controls Retrofits for Low-Rise Multi-Family Buildings Research Objective * Determine the impact of control strategies that use apartment temperatures for central boiler control on energy consumption, comfort and cost. * Compare energy performance, comfort and cost to individual radiator valve controls in each apartment. Background * Most multi-family boiler systems have: - No zone/apartment level control, or - Non-electric thermostats on radiator valves * Central boiler system resets hot water based on outdoor temperature * Problem: - apartments are often too hot or too cold.

148

Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile … Outside Air Ventilation Controller  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

partner Davis Energy partner Davis Energy Group worked with Monley Cronin Construction to build 100 energy-efficient homes in Woodland, CA, with night- cooling ventilation systems. BUILDING AMERICA TOP INNOVATIONS HALL OF FAME PROFILE INNOVATIONS CATEGORY: 1. Advanced Technologies and Practices 1.3 Assured Health, Safety, and Durability Outside Air Ventilation Controller Building America researchers developed technologies to harness the natural day-night temperature swings in the U.S. Southwest to cut cooling energy peak demand with no compromise in comfort. Building America research has shown that, in dry climates, the use of ventilation cooling can significantly reduce, delay, or completely eliminate air conditioner operation resulting in both energy savings and reduction of peak demand

149

Hydronic Heating Retrofits for Low-Rise Multifamily Buildings: Boiler Control Replacement and Monitoring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ARIES Collaborative, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. (HRI) of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to study improvements to the central hydronic heating system in one of the nonprofit's housing developments. The heating controls in the three-building, 42-unit Columbia Cambridge Alliance for Spanish Tenants housing development were upgraded. Fuel use in the development was excessive compared to similar properties. A poorly insulated thermal envelope contributed to high energy bills, but adding wall insulation was not cost-effective or practical. The more cost-effective option was improving heating system efficiency. Efficient operation of the heating system faced several obstacles, including inflexible boiler controls and failed thermostatic radiator valves. Boiler controls were replaced with systems that offer temperature setbacks and one that controls heat based on apartment temperature in addition to outdoor temperature. Utility bill analysis shows that post-retrofit weather-normalized heating energy use was reduced by 10%-31% (average of 19%). Indoor temperature cutoff reduced boiler runtime (and therefore heating fuel consumption) by 28% in the one building in which it was implemented. Nearly all savings were obtained during night which had a lower indoor temperature cut off (68 degrees F) than day (73 degrees F). This implies that the outdoor reset curve was appropriately adjusted for this building for daytime operation. Nighttime setback of heating system supply water temperature had no discernable impact on boiler runtime or gas bills.

Dentz, J.; Henderson, H.; Varshney, K.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Building America Expert Meeting: Multifamily Hydronic and Steam Heating Controls and Distribution Retrofits  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This expert meeting was conducted on July 13, 2011 by the ARIES Collaborative in New York City. The topic of this expert meeting was cost-effective controls and distribution retrofit options for hot water and steam space heating systems in multi-family buildings with the goals of reducing energy waste and improving occupant comfort.

151

Use of Weather and Occupancy Forecasts for Optimal Building Climate Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

·Electric lighting ·Heating: radiators ·Cooling: slow ceiling ­ mechanical chiller ­ free cooling with wet of buildings; reducing peak electricity demand. Expected Results: ·Methods ·Software/tools ·Benefit Version 15. Jan. 2009 4 OptiControl ­ Research Partners · ETH Systems Ecology Group Modeling

Fischlin, Andreas

152

Project Control in Integrated Building Design Systems Godfried Augenbroe* and Robert Amor**  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Control in Integrated Building Design Systems Godfried Augenbroe* and Robert Amor of research into integrated design systems that allow communication between multiple actors and design tools acceptance if, apart from providing 'generic integration facilities', adequate tools are provided to design

Amor, Robert

153

Systems and methods for controlling energy use in a building management system using energy budgets  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Systems and methods for limiting power consumption by a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) subsystem of a building are shown and described. A feedback controller is used to generate a manipulated variable based on an energy use setpoint and a measured energy use. The manipulated variable may be used for adjusting the operation of an HVAC device.

Wenzel, Michael J; Drees, Kirk H

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

154

Microgrids in active network managementPart I: Hierarchical control, energy storage, virtual power plants, and market participation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The microgrid concept has been closely investigated and implemented by numerous experts worldwide. The first part of this paper describes the principles of microgrid design, considering the operational concepts and requirements arising from participation in active network management. Over the last several years, efforts to standardize microgrids have been made, and it is in terms of these advances that the current paper proposes the application of IEC/ISO 62264 standards to microgrids and Virtual Power Plants, along with a comprehensive review of microgrids, including advanced control techniques, energy storage systems, and market participation in both island and grid-connection operation. Finally, control techniques and the principles of energy-storage systems are summarized in a comprehensive flowchart.

Omid Palizban; Kimmo Kauhaniemi; Josep M. Guerrero

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Simple automatic supervisory control system for office building based on energy-saving decoupling indoor comfort control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work proposes a simple automatic supervisory control system (ASCS) that is based on an energy-saving decoupling indoor comfort control (ESDICC) for regulating the indoor comforts of an office building. Three energy-saving indoor comfort control algorithms are modified to yield the ESDICC algorithms. The ESDICC-based ASCS is modeled using a Petri net (PN), whose graph is presented in detail and whose dynamics are thoroughly described. Results of two test cases demonstrate the simplicity of the operations of ESDICC-based ASCS and the energy-saving effect of the ESDICC algorithms.

Shin-Yeu Lin; Shih-Ching Chiu; Wei-Yuan Chen

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Environmental Protection Agency's Model Building Code Noise Control Provisions and Economic Impact Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The U.S. E.P.A. Office of Noise Abatement and Control has developed an eight step approach to abate noise in multi?family and educational buildings. The core of this program is the adoption and implementation of the E P.A.'s ModelNoise Control Provisions which can be adopted by state and local jurisdictions and inserted into their existing building codes. The Model Provisions contain recommended noise standards that the E.P.A. feels are practical and sufficient to reduce noise in an average community. A supporting study to the E.P.A.'s Building Code Program is an Economic Impact Study. This study presents a technique for evaluating the acoustical insulation costs defrayed by energy savings. The Cost Minimization Model developed by the National Bureau of Standards for the E.P.A. is also presented. In addition the N.B.S. is undertaking a Benefit Study for the E.P.A. designed to estimate both acoustical benefits to be derived from implementation of the E.P.A.s Model Building Code Noise Control Provisions by local officials and the number of people in their community who will receive these benefits.

C. Caccavari; F. J. Pesce; F. F. Rudder Jr.; S. W. Weber

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

A Meta-Analysis of Energy Savings from Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building TechnologiesEfficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies

Williams, Alison

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Quantifying National Energy Savings Potential of Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building TechnologiesEfficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies

Williams, Alison

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Education and EnforcementNoise Control Provisions of the New York City Building Code  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A paper entitled Noise Control and the New York City Code Project was read at the 67th Meeting of the Acoustical Society in the Spring of 1964. Since then the Code has become a law for optional application after 1 January 1969 and mandatory use after 1 January 1970. This paper provides a review of the noise?control provisions of the Code and gives information regarding the initial acceptance of the Noise?Control Provisions as well as steps taken and planned to aid architects engineers building inspectors and others in the understanding and enforcement of these provisions.

M. J. Kodaras

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

International Conference on Machine Control & Guidance 2008 1 Autonomous Navigation Tool for Real & Virtual Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on sensor fusion and fuzzy logic, has been realised. The data of various sensors are transferred to control Fusion, Agriculture Applications, Fuzzy Logic, Navigation Control. 1 INTRODUCTION The development of the navigation control to a constant one, whatever the number of fusioned sensors is. A Fuzzy Logic Controller

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Building America Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning Strategies for Multifamily Buildings- Control strategies to improve hydronic space heating performance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This webinar was presented on July 16, 2014, and provided information about improving the performance of central space conditioning systems in multifamily buildings.

162

A one-story, slab-on-grad~ steel framed control building approxima  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

one-story, slab-on-grad~ steel framed control building approximately 50 by 120 feet one-story, slab-on-grad~ steel framed control building approximately 50 by 120 feet would be constructed along the eastern portion of the expansion site. The transformer, capacitor banks, and cooling equipment would be supported on about 200 individual concrete spread foundations. Construction of the substation expansion would require approximately six feet of fill over the entire area, or approximately 50-55 thousand cubic yards of fill. Construction of the access road would require approximately 20-25 thousand cubic yards of fill. Concrete footings and foundations would require approximately 1800-2000 cubic yards of concrete. Site grading and foundation work would begin in August, 1992, and continue over a six-month period. During that period, the average number of fill trucks per day would range

163

Handling model uncertainty in model predictive control for energy efficient buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to apply to other building modeling practices. 2. Wemodel 3.1. Mathematical modeling Building models proposed inMore details of building thermal modeling and estimation of

Maasoumy, Mehdi; Razmara, M; Shahbakhti, M; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Online Simultaneous State Estimation and Parameter Adaptation for Building Predictive Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and E. ekov, Building Modeling as a Crucial Part forthe designed adaptive building modeling framework is testedThe details of building thermal modeling and estimation of

Maasoumy, Mehdi; Moridian, Barzin; Razmara, Meysam; Shahbakhti, Mahdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Simulation-based assessment of the energy savings benefits of integrated control in office buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of BuildingEnergy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of BuildingBuilding Technologies Program, Office of Energy Efficiency

Hong, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Demand Responsive and Energy Efficient Control Technologies and Strategies in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Study in Energy Efficiency in Buildings August Nationalelectric loads in buildings: energy efficiency (for steady-and Energy Efficiency Options Using Commercial Building

Piette, Mary Ann; Kiliccote, Sila

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Study on Smoke Control Strategy in a High-rise Building Fire  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract During the high-rise building fire, it is crucial to win the time for occupant evacuation. One of the possible methods is to utilize HVAC operations to control/slow down smoke propagation on the fire floor. It is also possible to supply fresh air to the path of the evacuation so that occupants will not breathe into the poison gases. HVAC operations can control heat change and smoke conditions and change the fluid flow directionally so that it is possible to optimize the HVAC operations to make the building safer during fire. In this paper, the effects of HVAC operations, air supply system and mechanical smoke exhaust system will be studied. A smoke propagation model using the Large Eddy Simulation will be developed to study the smoke propagation under different HVAC operations. Simulation results show the temperatures at the fire room exit for different supply air quantities. Results also show that smoke propagation method is affected by the building construction, air supply and smoke exhaust system. The smoke control strategy is investigated.

Yuan Yu; Yan-yan Chu; Dong Liang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Transactive Controls: A Market-Based GridWiseTM Controls for Building Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the advantages of a market-based controls program developed for the GridWise program.

Katipamula, Srinivas; Chassin, David P.; Hatley, Darrel D.; Pratt, Robert G.; Hammerstrom, Donald J.

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

169

Stereo Panorama Personal Virtual Environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe a personal panoramic virtual environment system with an autostereoscopic display. We discuss swing panoramic image capture, automatic disparity control, spatial sampling,...

Wang, Chiao; Garagate, Jui; Sawchuk, Alexander A

170

Monitored lighting energy savings from dimmable lighting controls in The New York Times Headquarters Building  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Digital addressable, dimmable lighting controls were introduced to the US market in the early 2000s with the promise of energy savings while allowing greater flexibility than their analog counterpart. The New York Times Company installed this emerging technology, after thorough pre-procurement testing, in their new building in New York, NY. Four years after full occupancy (2007), the owner agreed to participate in post-occupancy monitoring of the lighting system to verify actual performance. Annual lighting energy savings from daylighting, setpoint tuning and occupancy controls were determined for the daylit, open-plan office areas on three typical floors (6th, 11th, and 20th) of the 51-story tower. Energy savings were calculated from data recorded by the lighting control system, after calibration through independent energy consumption measurements. Savings from dimming controls (daylighting and setpoint tuning) were 12.6kWh/m2yr for the daylit spaces on the three floors overall, or 20%, relative to ASHRAE 90.1-2007. Against the prescriptive code in effect at the time of the building's construction (ASHRAE 90.1-2001), savings were 21.0kWh/m2yr or 28%. Annual lighting energy use with all lighting control strategies was 33.9kWh/m2yr in the daylit, open plan zones on average for the three floors. A simple payback analysis was conducted.

Lus L. Fernandes; Eleanor S. Lee; Dennis L. DiBartolomeo; Andrew McNeil

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

The Advantages of Highly Controlled Lighting for Offices and Commercial Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4E 4E The Advantages of Highly Controlled Lighting for Offices and Commercial Buildings F. Rubinstein & D. Bolotov Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory M. Levi & K. Powell U.S. General Services Administration P. Schwartz Peter Schwartz, & Associates, LLC August 2008 Presented at the 2008 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Pacific Grove, CA, August 17-22, 2008, and published in the Proceedings DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes

172

Controlling Beryllium Contaminated Material And Equipment For The Building 9201-5 Legacy Material Disposition Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This position paper addresses the management of beryllium contamination on legacy waste. The goal of the beryllium management program is to protect human health and the environment by preventing the release of beryllium through controlling surface contamination. Studies have shown by controlling beryllium surface contamination, potential airborne contamination is reduced or eliminated. Although there are areas in Building 9201-5 that are contaminated with radioactive materials and mercury, only beryllium contamination is addressed in this management plan. The overall goal of this initiative is the compliant packaging and disposal of beryllium waste from the 9201-5 Legacy Material Removal (LMR) Project to ensure that beryllium surface contamination and any potential airborne release of beryllium is controlled to levels as low as practicable in accordance with 10 CFR 850.25.

Reynolds, T. D.; Easterling, S. D.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

A Meta-Analysis of Energy Savings from Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings 3:309-322.Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings 4:311-319.Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings 8:69-78.

Williams, Alison

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Scalable and Robust Designs of Model - Based Control Strategies for Energy - Efficient Buildings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In the wake of rising energy costs, there is a critical need for sustainable energy management of commercial and residential buildings. Buildings consume approximately 40% (more)

Agbi, Clarence

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Modeling and Optimal Control Algorithm Design forHVAC Systems in Energy Efficient Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Litz. Simulation of thermal building behaviour in modelica.of the 2nd International Modelica Conference, volume 154.building behaviour using Modelica. Mathematical and Computer

Maasoumy, Mehdi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

A Meta-Analysis of Energy Savings from Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Buildings Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Buildingoffice building. Proceedings of the 1996 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency

Williams, Alison

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Development of robust building energy demand-side control strategy under uncertainty.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The potential of carbon emission regulations applied to an individual building will encourage building owners to purchase utility-provided green power or to employ onsite renewable (more)

Kim, Sean Hay

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Acoustical and Noise Control Criteria and Guidelines for Building Design and Operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Noise, vibration and acoustical design, construction, commissioning and operation practices influence building cost, efficiency, performance and effectiveness. Parameters for structural vibration, building systems noise, acoustics and environmental...

Evans, J. B.; Himmel, C. N.

179

A fast chiller power demand response control strategy for buildings connected to smart grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract With the increasing integration of renewable energies into electrical grids, power imbalance has become one of the most critical issues in grid operations. The end-users at power demand side can actually make use of their demand reduction potentials to contribute to the grid power balance. Conventional demand responses of end-users can provide considerable power demand reductions, but the demand responses are usually subject to significant delay and cannot fulfill the needs of grid real time operation. In this paper, a fast chiller power demand response control strategy for commercial buildings is therefore proposed which facilitates buildings to act as grid operating reserves by providing rapid demand responses to grid request within minutes. However, simply shutting down some essential operating chillers would result in disordered chilled water flow distribution and uneven indoor thermal comfort degradation. This strategy has therefore taken essential measures to solve such problems effectively. Simulation case studies are conducted to investigate the operation dynamics and energy performance of HVAC systems in the demand response events controlled by the strategy. Results show that fast and significant power demand reductions can be achieved without sacrificing the thermal comfort too much.

Xue Xue; Shengwei Wang; Chengchu Yan; Borui Cui

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Evaluation of Humidity Control Options in Hot-Humid Climate Homes (Fact Sheet), Building America: Technical Highlight, Building Technologies Program (BTP)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Humidity Control Options in Hot-Humid Climate Homes As the Building America program researches construction of homes that achieve greater source energy savings over typical mid-1990s construction, proper modeling of whole-house latent loads and operation of humidity control equipment has become a high priority. Long-term high relative humidity can cause health and durability problems in homes, particularly in a hot-humid climate. In this study, researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) used the latest EnergyPlus tool equipped with the moisture capacitance model to analyze the indoor relative humidity in three home types: a Building America high-performance home; a mid- 1990s reference home; and a 2006 International Energy Conservation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Using existing network infrastructure to estimate building occupancy and control plugged-in devices in user workspaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Buildings are a major consumer of energy. We believe that energy can be saved with the notion of implicit occupancy sensing where existing IT infrastructure can be used to replace and/or supplement explicit dedicated sensors to determine building occupancy and drive building operation. Implicit sensing has the promise to be both lower in cost than explicit sensing based on PIR and ultrasound sensors and to offer additional useful data about the occupants of a building. Our implicit sensing methods are largely based on monitoring IP and MAC addresses in Wi-Fi access points and in routers, and then correlating these addresses to the occupancy of a floor, area, or room of a building. We experimentally evaluate the feasibility of this dual-use of IT infrastructure. We demonstrate an application of implicit sensing to sense the pending occupancy of a user workspace and automatically control the plugged-in devices in the workspace.

Ken Christensen; Ryan Melfi; Bruce Nordman; Ben Rosenblum; Raul Viera

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

A Model for Evaluation of Life-Cycle Energy Savings of Occupancy Sensors for Control of Lighting and Ventilation in Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

questions related to the choice between individualized room controls versus centralized control systems. In cases where the presence of the building occupant affects environmental conditioning, centralized controls are possibly at a disadvantage. While... questions related to the choice between individualized room controls versus centralized control systems. In cases where the presence of the building occupant affects environmental conditioning, centralized controls are possibly at a disadvantage. While...

Degelman, L. O.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building load model in Modelica, showing the two main sub-condensation. LBNL- M Wetter. Modelica-based modeling anda buildings library for Modelica (Wetter, 2009b). This US-

Coffey, Brian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building load model in Modelica, showing the two main sub-condensation. LBNL- M Wetter. Modelica-based modeling anda buildings library for Modelica (Wetter, 2009b). This US-

Coffey, Brian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Cost Control Strategies for Zero Energy Buildings: High-Performance Design and Construction on a Budget (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is mounting evidence that zero energy can, in many cases, be achieved within typical construction budgets. To ensure that the momentum behind zero energy buildings and other low-energy buildings will continue to grow, this guide assembles recommendations for replicating specific successes of early adopters who have met their energy goals while controlling costs. Contents include: discussion of recommended cost control strategies, which are grouped by project phase (acquisition and delivery, design, and construction) and accompanied by industry examples; recommendations for balancing key decision-making factors; and quick reference tables that can help teams apply strategies to specific projects.

Not Available

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Assessment of Energy Use and Comfort in Buildings Utilizing Mixed-Mode Controls with Radiant Cooling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

building occupants. An exceedance-based goal leaves room for comfort achieved in part through energy neutral

Borgeson, Samuel Dalton

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

The Economics of Green Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environment Quality in Green Buildings: A Review," Nationalof Popular Attention to Green Building Notes: Sources:2007 - 2009 panel of green buildings and nearby control

Eichholtz, Piet; Kok, Nils; Quigley, John M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Analyzing and Improving MPI Communication Performance in Overcommitted Virtualized Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nowadays, it is an important trend in the system domain to use the software-based virtualization technology to build the execution environments (e.g., Clouds) and serve high performance computing (HPC) applications. However, with the extra virtualization ... Keywords: virtualization, cloud, MPI, performance

Zhiyuan Shao; Qiang Wang; Xuejiao Xie; Hai Jin; Ligang He

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

REAL-TIME BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION USING ENERGYPLUS AND THE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

REAL-TIME BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION USING ENERGYPLUS AND THE REAL-TIME BUILDING ENERGY SIMULATION USING ENERGYPLUS AND THE BUILDING CONTROLS VIRTUAL TEST BED Xiufeng Pang 1 , Prajesh Bhattacharya 1 , Zheng O'Neill 2 , Philip Haves 1 , Michael Wetter 1 , and Trevor Bailey 2 1 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA 2 United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT, USA ABSTRACT Most commercial buildings do not perform as well in practice as intended by the design and their performances often deteriorate over time. Reasons include faulty construction, malfunctioning equipment, incorrectly configured control systems and inappropriate operating procedures (Haves et al., 2001, Lee et al., 2007). To address this problem, the paper presents a simulation-based whole building performance monitoring tool that allows a

190

Co-Simulation Tools for Networked Control Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, unmanned vehicles, home robotics, distributed virtual environments, power distribution, and building-simulation. The first two tools are extensions to ns-2 called Agent/Plant and NSCSPlant; the third tool integrates and control of the physical world. (right) A networked control system with one controlled system (a.k.a. plant

Branicky, Michael S.

191

Final Scientific Technical Report: INTEGRATED PREDICTIVE DEMAND RESPONSE CONTROLLER FOR COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project provides algorithms to perform demand response using the thermal mass of a building. Using the thermal mass of the building is an attractive method for performing demand response because there is no need for capital expenditure. The algorithms rely on the thermal capacitance inherent in the building?s construction materials. A near-optimal ?day ahead? predictive approach is developed that is meant to keep the building?s electrical demand constant during the high cost periods. This type of approach is appropriate for both time-of-use and critical peak pricing utility rate structures. The approach uses the past days data in order to determine the best temperature setpoints for the building during the high price periods on the next day. A second ?model predictive approach? (MPC) uses a thermal model of the building to determine the best temperature for the next sample period. The approach uses constant feedback from the building and is capable of appropriately handling real time pricing. Both approaches are capable of using weather forecasts to improve performance.

Wenzel, Mike

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

192

Control Limits for Building Energy End Use Based on Engineering Judgment, Frequency Analysis, and Quantile Regression  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Approaches are needed to continuously characterize the energy performance of commercial buildings to allow for (1) timely response to excess energy use by building operators; and (2) building occupants to develop energy awareness and to actively engage in reducing energy use. Energy information systems, often involving graphical dashboards, are gaining popularity in presenting energy performance metrics to occupants and operators in a (near) real-time fashion. Such an energy information system, called Building Agent, has been developed at NREL and incorporates a dashboard for public display. Each building is, by virtue of its purpose, location, and construction, unique. Thus, assessing building energy performance is possible only in a relative sense, as comparison of absolute energy use out of context is not meaningful. In some cases, performance can be judged relative to average performance of comparable buildings. However, in cases of high-performance building designs, such as NREL's Research Support Facility (RSF) discussed in this report, relative performance is meaningful only when compared to historical performance of the facility or to a theoretical maximum performance of the facility as estimated through detailed building energy modeling.

Henze, G. P.; Pless, S.; Petersen, A.; Long, N.; Scambos, A. T.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Intelligent Building Energy Information and Control Systems for Low-Energy Operations and Optimal Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation, Wetter,Michael. Modelica?basedModelingandHilding Elmqvist. Modelica An International Effort5). Through the Modelica Buildings library (

Piette, Mary Ann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Intelligent Building Energy Information and Control Systems for Low-Energy Operations and Optimal Demand Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Open Automated Demand Response Communicationsfrom 7YearsofAutomatedDemandResponseinCommercialManagementandDemandResponseinCommercial Buildings. ,

Piette, Mary Ann

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Advanced Controls and Communications for Demand Response and Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

buildings. A demand-side management framework from buildingthe integration of DR in demand-side management activitiesdevelopments. The demand-side management (DSM) framework

Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Hansen, David

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Total and Peak Energy Consumption Minimization of Building HVAC Systems Using Model Predictive Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

combination of the total energy consumption and the peakalso reduces the total energy consumption of the occupancyTotal and Peak Energy Consumption Minimization of Building

Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Caterpillar, Argonne undertake cooperative virtual engine design...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Caterpillar, Argonne undertake cooperative virtual engine design, control project By Jared Sagoff * June 30, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint ARGONNE, Ill - Internal combustion engines are...

198

Demo: BACChat: A Building Automation Control Client for Sensor Data Collection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% of the total energy usage in the United States while the rest goes to transportation and industry [1]. In some and residential buildings in energy consumption is even higher (in Hong Kong 2008, the figure is 65% [2]). As such (BMS), which plays a key role in maintaining the operation, energy efficiency, and safety of a building

Wang, Dan

199

Modelica-based Modeling and Simulation to Support Research and Development in Building Energy and Control Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Traditional building simulation programs possess attributes that make them difficult to use for the design and analysis of building energy and control systems and for the support of model-based research and development of systems that may not already be implemented in these programs. This article presents characteristic features of such applications, and it shows how equation-based object-oriented modelling can meet requirements that arise in such applications. Next, the implementation of an open-source component model library for building energy systems is presented. The library has been developed using the equation-based object-oriented Modelica modelling language. Technical challenges of modelling and simulating such systems are discussed. Research needs are presented to make this technology accessible to user groups that have more stringent requirements with respect to the numerical robustness of simulation than a research community may have. Two examples are presented in which models from the here described library were used. The first example describes the design of a controller for a nonlinear model of a heating coil using model reduction and frequency domain analysis. The second example describes the tuning of control parameters for a static pressure reset controller of a variable air volume flow system. The tuning has been done by solving a non-convex optimization problem that minimizes fan energy subject to state constraints.

Wetter, Michael

2009-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

200

The Department of Architectural Engineering is providing the technical leadership on the recently awarded Department of Energy Innovation Hub for Energy Efficient Buildings. This initiative was led on behalf of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

seeks to transform the building industry into a virtual, vertically integrated industry that designs integrated team design processes and user friendly thermal load and energy utilization simulation model tools efficient buildings, load dampening and flattening façade designs, dynamic control systems and hybrid, on

Yener, Aylin

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

building e?ciency. Thermal energy storage is becoming morestored in a strati?ed thermal energy storage (TES) tank andwith thermal storage. ACEEE Summer Study on Energy E?ciency

Coffey, Brian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Towards Building Occupants Positioning: Track and Trace for Optimal Process Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-time occupancy detection systems comprising multiple sensors within a wireless network (WSN) using technologies such as radio frequency identification (RFID) and WIFI enabled devices have been proposed for use in large commercial office buildings. However due...

Zeiler, W.; Labeodan, T.; Bozem, G.; Maaijen, R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Learning and training techniques in fuzzy control for energy efficiency in buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......internal partitions on energy conservation for residential...Sattari S. Simulation of energy saving in Iranian buildings...modelling for insulation. Renewable Energy (2006) 31:417-425...Nassif N. , Moujaes S. A cost-effective operating......

J. Sedano; J.R. Villar; L. Curiel; E. Corchado; E. A. De La Cal

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Simulation-based assessment of the energy savings benefits of integrated control in office buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential andU.S. Lighting Market Characterization Volume I: National Lighting Inventory and Energy ConsumptionBuilding Energy Consumption Survey. EnergyPlus (2008). U.S.

Hong, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Optimum Control of Heat Supply of a Building. 2. Analysis and Results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The temperature regime inside a building has been calculated. It has been established that the presence of a lateral pipeline at the heat point ensures such a value of the mixing coefficient at which a constan...

K. O. Sabdenov; T. M. Baitasov; M. Erzada

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Controlling Capital Costs in High Performance Office Buildings: A Review of Best Practices for Overcoming Cost Barriers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Controlling Capital Costs in Controlling Capital Costs in High Performance Office Buildings: A Review of Best Practices for Overcoming Cost Barriers Preprint Shanti Pless and Paul Torcellini To be presented at the ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings Pacific Grove, California August 12-17, 2012 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5500-55264 May 2012 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

207

Controlling Energy-Efficient Buildings in the Contextof Smart Grid: A Cyber Physical System Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2.3 Building Thermal Modeling . . . . . . . . .and Eva cekov. Building Modeling as a Crucial Part for2 Mathematical Modeling 2.1 Principles of Building Thermal

Maasoumy, Mehdi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Modelica-based Modeling and Simulation to Support Research and Development in Building Energy and Control Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

applied earlier for building energy modeling applicationstowards building HVAC system modeling and simulation. Forof equation-based modeling for building systems. We believe

Wetter, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Optimal DER Technology Investment and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings Michaeland Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings 1 Michaelgoal of achieving zero-net-energy commercial buildings (

Stadler, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

ARRA FEMP Technical Assistance -- Federal Aviation Administration Project 209 -- Control Tower and Support Building, Palm Springs, CA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report represents findings of a design review team that evaluated construction documents (at the 100% level) and operating specifications for a new control tower and support building that will be built in Palm Springs, California by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The focus of the review was to identify measures that could be incorporated into the final design and operating specifications that would result in additional energy savings for the FAA that would not have otherwise occurred.

Arends, J.; Sandusky, William F.

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

211

Roof aperture system for selective collection and control of solar energy for building heating, cooling and daylighting  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The amount of building heating, cooling and daylighting is controlled by at least one pair of solar energy passing panels, with each panel of the pair of panels being exposed to a separate direction of sun incidence. A shutter-shade combination is associated with each pair of panels and the shutter is connected to the shade so that rectilinear movement of the shutter causes pivotal movement of the shade.

Sanders, William J. (Kansas City, KS); Snyder, Marvin K. (Overland Park, KS); Harter, James W. (Independence, MO)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

A framework for simulation-based real-time whole building performance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A framework for simulation-based real-time whole building performance A framework for simulation-based real-time whole building performance assessment Title A framework for simulation-based real-time whole building performance assessment Publication Type Journal Article Refereed Designation Unknown LBNL Report Number 0360-1323 Year of Publication 2012 Authors Pang, Xiufeng, Michael Wetter, Prajesh Bhattacharya, and Philip Haves Journal Building and Environment Volume 54 Start Page 100 Pagination 100-108 Date Published 08/2012 ISSN 0360-1323 Keywords building controls virtual test bed, building performance, energy modeling, energyplus, real-time building simulation Abstract Most commercial buildings do not perform as well in practice as intended by the design and their performances often deteriorate over time. Reasons include faulty construction, malfunctioning equipment, incorrectly configured control systems and inappropriate operating procedures. One approach to addressing this problems is to compare the predictions of an energy simulation model of the building to the measured performance and analyze significant differences to infer the presence and location of faults. This paper presents a framework that allows a comparison of building actual performance and expected performance in real time. The realization of the framework utilized the EnergyPlus, the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB) and the Energy Management and Control System (EMCS) was developed. An EnergyPlus model that represents expected performance of a building runs in real time and reports the predicted building performance at each time step. The BCVTB is used as the software platform to acquire relevant inputs from the EMCS through a BACnet interface and send them to the EnergyPlus and to a database for archiving. A proof-of-concept demonstration is also presented.

213

Virtual gap dielectric wall accelerator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A virtual, moving accelerating gap is formed along an insulating tube in a dielectric wall accelerator (DWA) by locally controlling the conductivity of the tube. Localized voltage concentration is thus achieved by sequential activation of a variable resistive tube or stalk down the axis of an inductive voltage adder, producing a "virtual" traveling wave along the tube. The tube conductivity can be controlled at a desired location, which can be moved at a desired rate, by light illumination, or by photoconductive switches, or by other means. As a result, an impressed voltage along the tube appears predominantly over a local region, the virtual gap. By making the length of the tube large in comparison to the virtual gap length, the effective gain of the accelerator can be made very large.

Caporaso, George James; Chen, Yu-Jiuan; Nelson, Scott; Sullivan, Jim; Hawkins, Steven A

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

214

Buildings Sector Working Group  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

heating, cooking, lighting, and refrigeration * Hurdle rates - Update using latest Johnson Controls reports regarding commercial investment decisions * ENERGY STAR buildings -...

215

Comparing Perception of Real and Virtual Architectural Space Using Video Game Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

questions in a virtual and real version of the same building and the results were compared. It was found that in the virtual environment people tended to underestimate and to perceive distance less accurately than in real space. Findings show...

Spross, Matthew

2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

216

Virtual Classroom | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Virtual Classroom Virtual Classroom Adobe Connect is as web conferencing tool that is being used as a virtual classroom in an ongoing pilot to conduct virtual Instructor Led...

217

Using Remote Control Systems for the Re-Commissioning of Heating Plants of School Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. REFERENCES 1. Hyv?rinen, J. and al. 1996 ?Building Optimisation and Fault Diagnosis (BOFD) source book document ? IEA-ECBCS Annex 25?. VTT, Finland, ISBN 952-5004-10-4. 2. Visier J C., Vaezi-Nejad H., Corrales P. 1999 ?A Fault Detection Tool for School... Application of Fault Detection and Diagnosis Techniques in Real Buildings?, source book document IEA-ECBCS Annex 34, VTT, Finland, ISBN 951-38-5725- 5. 6. H. Vaezi-Nejad, J. Bouillon, L. Crozier, G. Guyot 2003, ?Approach for the Improvement of Energy...

Vaezi-Nejad, H.; Detaille, C.; Jandon, M.; Bruyat, F.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KEY University Buildings Landmark Buildings The Lanyon Building Roads Footpath Cafe Grass Queen's University Belfast Campus Map The Lanyon Building The Students' Union The David Keir Building School Offices and Sonic Arts Q Nursing and Midwifery R Pharmacy S Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering T Politics

Paxton, Anthony T.

219

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KEY University Buildings Landmark Buildings The Lanyon Building Roads Footpath Cafe University Accommodation Queen's University Belfast Campus Map The Lanyon Building The Students' Union The David Keir Building School Offices A Biological Sciences B Chemistry and Chemical Engineering C Education D

Müller, Jens-Dominik

220

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KEY University Buildings Landmark Buildings The Lanyon Building Roads Footpath Cafe University Engineering N Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences P Music and Sonic Arts Q Nursing and Midwifery R and Student Affairs 3 Administration Building 32 Ashby Building 27 Belfast City Hospital 28 Bernard Crossland

Paxton, Anthony T.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the control setpoints for the supply air temperature arecontrol outputs vs ambient temperature basecase lookup supply air temperature (water supply temperature, the latter of which is a control

Coffey, Brian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the control setpoints for the supply air temperature arecontrol outputs vs ambient temperature basecase lookup supply air temperature (water supply temperature, the latter of which is a control

Coffey, Brian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Wireless Infrastructure for Performing Monitoring, Diagnostics, and Control HVAC and Other Energy-Using Systems in Small Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project focused on developing a low-cost wireless infrastructure for monitoring, diagnosing, and controlling building systems and equipment. End users receive information via the Internet and need only a web browser and Internet connection. The system used wireless communications for: (1) collecting data centrally on site from many wireless sensors installed on building equipment, (2) transmitting control signals to actuators and (3) transmitting data to an offsite network operations center where it is processed and made available to clients on the Web (see Figure 1). Although this wireless infrastructure can be applied to any building system, it was tested on two representative applications: (1) monitoring and diagnostics for packaged rooftop HVAC units used widely on small commercial buildings and (2) continuous diagnosis and control of scheduling errors such as lights and equipment left on during unoccupied hours. This project developed a generic infrastructure for performance monitoring, diagnostics, and control, applicable to a broad range of building systems and equipment, but targeted specifically to small to medium commercial buildings (an underserved market segment). The proposed solution is based on two wireless technologies. The first, wireless telemetry, is used for cell phones and paging and is reliable and widely available. This risk proved to be easily managed during the project. The second technology is on-site wireless communication for acquiring data from sensors and transmitting control signals. The technology must enable communication with many nodes, overcome physical obstructions, operate in environments with other electrical equipment, support operation with on-board power (instead of line power) for some applications, operate at low transmission power in license-free radio bands, and be low cost. We proposed wireless mesh networking to meet these needs. This technology is relatively new and has been applied only in research and tests. This proved to be a major challenge for the project and was ultimately abandoned in favor of a directly wired solution for collecting sensor data at the building. The primary reason for this was the relatively short ranges at which we were able to effectively place the sensor nodes from the central receiving unit. Several different mesh technologies were attempted with similar results. Two hardware devices were created during the original performance period of the project. The first device, the WEB-MC, is a master control unit that has two radios, a CPU, memory, and serves as the central communications device for the WEB-MC System (Currently called the 'BEST Wireless HVAC Maintenance System' as a tentative commercial product name). The WEB-MC communicates with the local mesh network system via one of its antennas. Communication with the mesh network enables the WEB-MC to configure the network, send/receive data from individual motes, and serves as the primary mechanism for collecting sensor data at remote locations. The second antenna enables the WEB-MC to connect to a cellular network ('Long-Haul Communications') to transfer data to and from the NorthWrite Network Operations Center (NOC). A third 'all-in-one' hardware solution was created after the project was extended (Phase 2) and additional resources were provided. The project team leveraged a project funded by the State of Washington to develop a hardware solution that integrated the functionality of the original two devices. The primary reason for this approach was to eliminate the mesh network technical difficulties that severely limited the functionality of the original hardware approach. There were five separate software developments required to deliver the functionality needed for this project. These include the Data Server (or Network Operations Center), Web Application, Diagnostic Software, WEB-MC Embedded Software, Mote Embedded Software. Each of these developments was necessarily dependent on the others. This resulted in a challenging management task - requiring high bandwidth communications among

Patrick O'Neill

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

224

Technical Meeting: Reference Guide for a Transaction-Based Building Controls Framework  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

BTO held a technical meeting at NREL, in Golden, CO, to discuss BTO's vision for a transaction-rich buildings energy ecosystem that will unlock the energy efficiency and grid services values and deliver them to consumers. View the presentations and meeting notes.

225

Virtual impactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A virtual impactor is described having improved efficiency and low wall losses in which a core of clean air is inserted into the aerosol flow while aerosol flow is maintained adjacent to the inner wall surfaces of the focusing portion of the impactor. The flow rate of the core and the length of the throat of the impactor's collection probe, as well as the dimensional relationships of other components of the impactor adjacent the separation region of the impactor, are selected to optimize separation efficiency. 4 figs.

Yeh, H.C.; Chen, B.T.; Cheng, Y.S.; Newton, G.J.

1988-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

226

Concept for a Service-oriented Architecture in Building Automation Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract On the consumer side exists great potential to use energy more efficiently. To exploit this potential, an intelligent control of building automation is required. The building automation market offers a variety of technologies, which do not rely on uniform standards. The programming effort for the appropriate implementation of identical functions in different locations is enormous and can be significantly reduced through a virtualization approach. In this way, real devices are represented by virtual devices that interact with stakeholders through business processes. To describe the business processes, workflows are used which consist of individual reusable and combinable services. These services were grouped into three categories. In addition to the room-/building-control-category, services are divided into metering/analysis/reporting-category and monitoring/configuration/user interface-category. The flexible combination and coordination of services must be supported. This is done by the use of a service- oriented architecture (SOA).

Tobias Teich; Sebastian Wolf; Tim Neumann; Sebastian Junghans; Susan Franke

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

A charging control strategy for active building-integrated thermal energy storage systems using frequency domain modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Primary space conditioning can be provided through active building-integrated thermal energy storage (BITES) systems, such as radiant space heating through concrete slabs. This approach can reduce peak space conditioning demand and energy costs while satisfying thermal comfort. However, thermal charging rates need to be predictively controlled due to the slow thermal response of BITES systems. This paper presents a charge control strategy using frequency domain models and room air temperature set-point profile as input. The models were previously verified with full-scale experiment data. The calculation procedures are demonstrated on active BITES systems with and without airflow to zone. Results show that the calculated charging rates satisfy the desired room air temperature set-point profiles. This control strategy is important for integrating the design and operation of active BITES systems because frequency domain models also provide important design information.

Yuxiang Chen; Andreas K. Athienitis; Khaled E. Galal

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Systems and methods for controlling energy use in a building management system using energy budgets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Systems and methods for limiting power consumption by a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) subsystem of a building are shown and described. A mathematical linear operator is found that transforms the unused or deferred cooling power usage of the HVAC system based on pre-determined temperature settings to a target cooling power usage. The mathematical operator is applied to the temperature settings to create a temperature setpoint trajectory expected to provide the target cooling power usage.

Wenzel, Michael J.

2012-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

229

Introduction to Commercial Building Control Strategies and Techniques for Demand Response -- Appendices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the controls behavior for the supply air temperature (SAT)control X Passive thermal mass storage X Duct static pressure decrease X X Fan variable frequency drive limit Air X Supply air temperature

Motegi, N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Total energy consumption outputs, lookup table controlMPC energy . . . . . . . . . . . Total energy consumptionyear. The annual total energy consumption (heating + cooling

Coffey, Brian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Total energy consumption outputs, lookup table controlMPC energy . . . . . . . . . . . Total energy consumptionyear. The annual total energy consumption (heating + cooling

Coffey, Brian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Building 32 35 Building 36  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building 10 Building 13 Building 7 LinHall Drive Lot R10 Lot R12 Lot 207 Lot 209 LotR9 Lot 205 Lot 203 LotBuilding30 Richland Avenue 39 44 Building 32 35 Building 36 34 Building 18 Building 19 11 12 45 29 15 Building 5 8 9 17 Building 16 6 Building 31 Building 2 Ridges Auditorium Building 24 Building 4

Botte, Gerardine G.

233

Building America Update Newsletter | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Boiler Control Replacement for Hydronically Heated Multifamily Buildings, Cambridge, Massachusetts Building America Newsletter iStock000025060855Small115.jpg Events Building...

234

An evaluation of robust controls for passive building thermal mass and mechanical thermal energy storage under uncertainty  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Passive building thermal mass and mechanical thermal energy storage (TES) are known as one of state-of-the-art demand-side control instruments. Specifically, Model-based Predictive Control (MPC) for this operation has the potential to significantly increase performance and bring economic advantages. However, due to the uncertainty in certain operating conditions in the field, its control effectiveness could be diminished and/or seriously damaged, which results in poor performance. This study pursues improvements of the control performance of both thermal inventories under uncertainty by proposing a robust MPC in which relevant uncertainty sources are compiled; therefore, it is designed to perform more stable than traditional \\{MPCs\\} under uncertain conditions. Uniqueness and superiority of the proposed robust demand-side controls include: (i) Controls are developed based on the a priori uncertainty assessment, such that a systematic modeling approach for uncertainty was taken according to characteristics and classifications of uncertainty. (ii) The robust MPC reduces the variability of performance under varied and non-indigenous conditions compared to the deterministic MPC, and thus can avoid the worst case situation.

Sean Hay Kim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Virtual Prairie  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Visualizing a Real Prairie: Visualizing a Real Prairie: Tools to Represent Your Data Site Index for ( Quadrat Study Project - Prairie Advocates Project - Online Prairie Data) You may use the virtual prairies you create in your presentation. You will need to save the screen or browser window to save the images you create. On the Macintosh, you type open apple-shift-3 to make a Picture file on the hard drive. You can edit these files with Adobe Photoshop or other image editing applications and put them in your report. On a PC with Windows 95, you can type the key combination of "print screen" and the alt key to save what you have displayed in the browser window to the clipboard and then paste it into an image editing application or directly into your report. Create a Quadrat Using Real Data.

236

Building America Expert Meeting Final Report: Multifamily Hydronic and Steam Heating Controls and Distribution Retrofits  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hydronic Hydronic Heating in Multifamily Buildings Jordan Dentz The ARIES Collaborative October 2011 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation,

237

Open Control Networking Systems for Smarter Building Operations-Fundamentals of System Architecture and Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?and?Introductions ? LONWORKS ? / LonMark ? the?Mission ? LONWORKS ? the?Technology ? LONMARK? ? the?Organization ICEBO Oct 18-20, 2011 LONMARK T H E M I S S I O N ICEBO Oct 18-20, 2011 4 Computer?Network? ? Standardized ? Compatible?products ? Interchangeable...?Network ? Standardized ? Compatible?products ? Interchangeable ? Interoperable ? Customizable ? Cost?efficient ? Multi?vendor? ? Freedom?of?choice ICEBO Oct 18-20, 2011 ISO Standard 14908 Further Standards Adoption ? Buildings, Gas Stations, Kitchen Equipment...

Gibson, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Virtual nuclear weapons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The term virtual nuclear weapons proliferation and arsenals, as opposed to actual weapons and arsenals, has entered in recent years the American lexicon of nuclear strategy, arms control, and nonproliferation. While the term seems to have an intuitive appeal, largely due to its cyberspace imagery, its current use is still vague and loose. The author believes, however, that if the term is clearly delineated, it might offer a promising approach to conceptualizing certain current problems of proliferation. The first use is in a reference to an old problem that has resurfaced recently: the problem of growing availability of weapon-usable nuclear materials in civilian nuclear programs along with materials made `excess` to defense needs by current arms reduction and dismantlement. It is argued that the availability of these vast materials, either by declared nuclear-weapon states or by technologically advanced nonweapon states, makes it possible for those states to rapidly assemble and deploy nuclear weapons. The second use has quite a different set of connotations. It is derived conceptually from the imagery of computer-generated reality. In this use, one thinks of virtual proliferation and arsenals not in terms of the physical hardware required to make the bomb but rather in terms of the knowledge/experience required to design, assemble, and deploy the arsenal. Virtual weapons are a physics reality and cannot be ignored in a world where knowledge, experience, materials, and other requirements to make nuclear weapons are widespread, and where dramatic army reductions and, in some cases, disarmament are realities. These concepts are useful in defining a continuum of virtual capabilities, ranging from those at the low end that derive from general technology diffusion and the existence of nuclear energy programs to those at the high end that involve conscious decisions to develop or maintain militarily significant nuclear-weapon capabilities.

Pilat, J.F.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Energy Efficient Building Environment Control Strategies Using Real-time Occupancy Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

occupancy and being able to accurately predict usage patterns may al- low significant energy these models, we can predict room usage thereby enabling us to control the HVAC systems in an adaptive manner. Our simulations indicate a 14% re- duction in HVAC energy usage by having an optimal control strategy

Cerpa, Alberto E.

240

Grid-Responsive Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S.-India Joint Center for Building Energy Research and Development (CBERD) conducts energy efficiency research and development with a focus on integrating information technology with building controls and physical systems for commercial/high-rise residential units.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Dynamic building enclosures : the design of an innovative constructive system which permits mechanically-driven, computer-controlled shape transformations to the building envelope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic Building Enclosures is a system of prefabricated, lightweight, kit-of-parts wall and/or roof elements. This system has the unique capability of dynamically altering, or mutating its shape in reaction to changing ...

Nelson, Eric (Eric Freeman), 1964-

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Promoting Sustainability Awareness through Energy Engaged Virtual Communities of Construction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Promoting Sustainability Awareness through Energy Engaged Virtual Communities of Construction to demolition. Sustainability knowledge is #12;Promoting Sustainability Awareness through Energy EngagedH@cf.ac.uk Abstract. Sustainability requires the engagement of every single constituent of the "building" product

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

243

Towards an Algebraic Speci cation of the Java Virtual Machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards an Algebraic Speci cation of the Java Virtual Machine K Stephenson Department of Computer of the architecture of an abstract and simpli ed version of the Java Virtual Machine JVM. This concentration on the implementation-independent features of the machine allows us to build a clean and easily comprehensible model

Grant, P. W.

244

Towards an Algebraic Specification of the Java Virtual Machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards an Algebraic Specification of the Java Virtual Machine K Stephenson Department of Computer of the architecture of an abstract and simplified version of the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). This concentration on the implementation­independent features of the machine allows us to build a clean and easily comprehensible model

Grant, P. W.

245

Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Small- and Medium-Sized Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Small- and Medium-Sized Building

246

Demand response-enabled autonomous control for interior space conditioning in residential buildings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pubs/history/2002/nov7.htm>. [2] Our history, Honeywell, honeywell.com/ honeywell/about-us/our-history.html>. [companies in this business Honeywell and Johnson Controls.

Chen, Xue

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Total Facility Control - Applying New Intelligent Technologies to Energy Efficient Green Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lighting, co-generation stations, and much more. This paper will discuss some of the basic concepts, architectures, and technologies that are being used today to implement a Total Facility Control model....

Bernstein, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) FEMP Technical Assistance Federal Aviation Administration Project 209 Control Tower and Support Building Oakland, CA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report represents findings of a design review team that evaluated construction documents (at the 70% level) and operating specifications for a new control tower and support building that will be build at Oakland, California by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The focus of the review was to identify measures that could be incorporated into the final design and operating specification that would result in additional energy savings for the FAA that would not have otherwise occurred.

Arends, J.; Sandusky, William F.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

CyberWalk: Enabling unconstrained omnidirectional walking through virtual environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite many recent developments in virtual reality, an effective locomotion interface which allows for normal walking through large virtual environments was until recently still lacking. Here, we describe the new CyberWalk omnidirectional treadmill ... Keywords: Virtual reality, control system, locomotion, spatial navigation, treadmill

J. L. Souman; P. Robuffo Giordano; M. Schwaiger; I. Frissen; T. Thmmel; H. Ulbrich; A. De Luca; H. H. Blthoff; M. O. Ernst

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Building America Case Study: Advanced Boiler Load Monitoring Controllers, Chicago, Illinois (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beyond these initial system efficiency upgrades are an emerging class of Advanced Load Monitoring (ALM) aftermarket controllers that dynamically respond to the boiler load, with claims of 10% to 30% of fuel savings over a heating season. For hydronic boilers specifically, these devices perform load monitoring, with continuous measurement of supply and in some cases return water temperatures. Energy savings from these ALM controllers are derived from dynamic management of the boiler differential, where a microprocessor with memory of past boiler cycles prevents the boiler from firing for a period of time, to limit cycling losses and inefficient operation during perceived low load conditions. These differ from OTR controllers, which vary boiler setpoint temperatures with ambient conditions while maintaining a fixed differential. PARR installed and monitored the performance of one type of ALM controller, the M2G from Greffen Systems, at multifamily sites in the city of Chicago and its suburb Cary, IL, both with existing OTR control. Results show that energy savings depend on the degree to which boilers are over-sized for their load, represented by cycling rates. Also savings vary over the heating season with cycling rates, with greater savings observed in shoulder months. Over the monitoring period, over-sized boilers at one site showed reductions in cycling and energy consumption in line with prior laboratory studies, while less over-sized boilers at another site showed muted savings.

PARR

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Radiation control coatings installed on federal buildings at Tyndall Air Force Base. Volume 2: Long-term monitoring and modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) supports efforts to reduce energy use and associated expenses in the federal sector. One such effort, the New Technology Demonstration Program (NTDP), seeks to evaluate new energy-saving US technologies and secure their more timely adoption by the US government. Through a partnership with a federal site, the utility serving the site, a manufacturer of an energy-related technology, and other organizations associated with these interests, DOE can evaluate a new technology. The results of the program give federal agency decision makers more hands-on information with which to validate a decision to utilize a new technology in their facilities. This is the second volume of a two-volume report that describes the effects of radiation control coatings installed on federal buildings at Tyndall Air Force Base (AFB) in Florida by ThermShield International. ORNL`s Buildings Technology Center (BTC) was assigned the responsibility for gathering, analyzing, and reporting on the data to describe the effects of the coatings. The first volume described the monitoring plan and its implementation, the results of pre-coating monitoring, the coating installation, results from fresh coatings compared to pre-coating results, and a plan to decommission the monitoring equipment. This second volume updates and completes the presentation of data to compare performance of fresh coatings with weathered coatings.

Petrie, T.W.; Childs, P.W.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

The Optimizing Control and Energy Saving Operations of One Teaching Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is precooling. No water is allowed to flow though the by-pass tube on the target of reducing the precooling energy consumption. In the practical operation, the pressure difference by-pass valve can be forced to close by the central control room... is precooling. No water is allowed to flow though the by-pass tube on the target of reducing the precooling energy consumption. In the practical operation, the pressure difference by-pass valve can be forced to close by the central control room...

Lu, J.; Chen, Y.; Chen, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Buildings Residential Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Residential Buildings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Technology Research, Standards, & Codes Popular Residential Links Success Stories Previous Next Warming Up to Pump Heat. Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Cut Refrigerator Energy Use to Save Money. Tools EnergyPlus Whole Building Simulation Program

254

Energy saving in agricultural buildings through fan motor control by variable frequency drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comparison was conducted between ONOFF and variable frequency drive (VFD) systems to control ventilation fans of greenhouses and poultry houses. The study aimed to determine the effect of each system on the energy consumption and resulting microclimate within the houses. The experiments were carried out in a commercial-size greenhouse in which pepper was grown and in commercial poultry houses. Reducing the fan speed with the VFD system resulted in reductions in the airflow rate through the houses and energy consumption, the latter being much more significant. The study showed that VFD control can reduce electricity consumption compared with ONOFF operation. In the present study, the average energy consumption with the VFD control system was about 0.64 and 0.75 of that with an ONOFF system in the greenhouse and poultry houses, respectively. The average greenhouse daily air temperatures and humidity ratios obtained with each control system between 07:00 and 18:00 were nearly equal. The results obtained in the greenhouse further showed that the VFD system has a greater potential than the ONOFF, to reduce the range of amplitude variations in the air temperature and humidity ratio within the greenhouse. The average air temperatures over day and night, in the poultry houses, with each control system were nearly equal. The relative humidity, however, was slightly lower with VFD than with ONOFF. Reductions in the range of amplitude variations of the air temperature and humidity were also observed in the poultry houses.

Meir Teitel; Asher Levi; Yun Zhao; Moti Barak; Eli Bar-lev; David Shmuel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Kiowa County Commons Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

South- and west-facing windows allow more South- and west-facing windows allow more natural light into the building and reduce electricity use * Extensive awnings and overhangs control the light and heat entering the building during the day to reduce cooling loads * Rooftop light monitors in the garden area provide controllable natural light from above to save on electricity consumption * Insulating concrete form block construction with an R-22 insulation value helps control the temperature of the building and maximize

256

Roots of Mold Problems and Humidity Control Measures in Institutional Buildings with Pre-Existing Mold Condition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Management, and the TAMU Physical Plant, was dispatched to perform Continuous Commissioning on these commercial buildings in order to find viable solutions to the humidity problem. The CC group performed extensive field tests and analysis on building air...

Chen, H.; Deng, S.; Bruner, H.; Garcia, J.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Tool coupling for the design and operation of building energy and control systems based on the Functional Mock-up Interface standard  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes software tools developed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) that can be coupled through the Functional Mock-up Interface standard in support of the design and operation of building energy and control systems. These tools have been developed to address the gaps and limitations encountered in legacy simulation tools. These tools were originally designed for the analysis of individual domains of buildings, and have been difficult to integrate with other tools for runtime data exchange. The coupling has been realized by use of the Functional Mock-up Interface for co-simulation, which standardizes an application programming interface for simulator interoperability that has been adopted in a variety of industrial domains. As a variety of coupling scenarios are possible, this paper provides users with guidance on what coupling may be best suited for their application. Furthermore, the paper illustrates how tools can be integrated into a building management system to support the operation of buildings. These tools may be a design model that is used for real-time performance monitoring, a fault detection and diagnostics algorithm, or a control sequence, each of which may be exported as a Functional Mock-up Unit and made available in a building management system as an input/output block. We anticipate that this capability can contribute to bridging the observed performance gap between design and operational energy use of buildings.

Nouidui, Thierry Stephane; Wetter, Michael

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Bells and Whistles, or Just Plain Effective? The New Generation of Wireless Controls in Existing Commercial Buildings.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?s Colchester facility is a 1960s-era, single-story building with 22,000 square feet. The HVAC systems are electric heating and cooling. There are electric heat coils in the air handlers, electric perimeter baseboard heat, and air conditioning... complaint is received. EXISTING MEDIUM-SIZE COMMERCIAL BUILDING MARKET Buildings in the United States account for approximately 40% of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.1 There are more than 4.8 million commercial buildings...

LaFlamme, S.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Building America Webinar: Central Multifamily Water Heating Systems- Energy-Efficient Controls for Multifamily Domestic Hot Water  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation was delivered at the U.S. Department of Energy Building America webinar on January 21, 2015.

260

Lazy Generation of Building Interiors in Realtime Carleton University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lazy Generation of Building Interiors in Realtime Evan Hahn Carleton University e-mail: ehahn interiors for the player to ex- plore. Automatic real-time building interior generation can provide a means of entry through every visible door in a virtual world. We present a novel approach to generate virtual

Whitehead, Anthony

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

BROOKHAVENNATIONAL LABORATORY Building 510  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BROOKHAVENNATIONAL LABORATORY Building 510 P.O. Box 5000 Upton, NY 11973-5000 Phone 631 344 in C-AD buildings. Work Planning and Control for Experiments The intent of this agreement is to ensure or modification work on experiments performed by Physics personnel or guests in C-AD buildings. The Collider

Homes, Christopher C.

262

VIRTUAL PRESENTERS: TOWARDS INTERACTIVE VIRTUAL PRESENTATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the interesting parts of a sculpture or painting, addressing one, several or all persons in his or her audience be a painting, displayed and explained in a virtual museum environment. There are many examples of research they aim at giving the presentation task to a robot or virtual agent. In the latter case we can have one

Nijholt, Anton

263

Autonomous Virtual Mobile Nodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a new abstraction for virtual infrastructure in mobile ad hoc networks. An AutonomousVirtual Mobile Node (AVMN) is a robust and reliable entity that is designed to cope with theinherent difficulties ...

Dolev, Shlomi

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

An Architecture for Managing Virtual Circuit and Virtual Path Services on ATM Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 An Architecture for Managing Virtual Circuit and Virtual Path Services on ATM Networks Abstract management architecture that provides the services and is instrumented for network management purposes service monitor- ing and control functions. The network management architecture proposes complete managed

Columbia University

265

Development of virtual-labs based on complex Modelica models using VirtualLabBuilder  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The feasibility of implementing virtual-labs based on complex Modelica models is demonstrated. To this end, the design and implementation of the following three virtual-labs is discussed: 1) a virtual-lab of a double-pipe heat exchanger, which is a useful tool for control education; 2) a virtual-lab describing the thermodynamic behaviour of the solar house, which is based on a complex Modelica model developed by other authors; 3) the virtual-lab of a drum-type washing machine, which is an industrial application useful as design aid. The graphical user interface has been implemented by using the VirtualLabBuilder library, which can be freely downloaded from http:/ /www.euclides.dia.uned.es.

Carla Martin-Villalba; Felix Martinez; Alfonso Urquia; Sebastian Dormido

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Building Technologies Office: Appliances Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Appliances Research to Appliances Research to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Appliances Research on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Appliances Research on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Appliances Research on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Appliances Research on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Appliances Research on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Appliances Research on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research Water Heating Research Lighting Research Sensors & Controls Research Energy Efficient Buildings Hub Building Energy Modeling

267

1 - Mapping virtual worlds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Virtual worlds are many and varied. In investigating the scope of virtual communities, it is important to understand social and theoretical issues that impact online participants. Such issues as gender, ontology, socio-technological integration, and corporeal interface all impact exploration of virtual worlds.

Woody Evans

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Review of Electrical System Configuration Management and Design Change Control at the Savannah River Site, Waste Solidification Building Project, July 2011  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Independent Review of Independent Review of Electrical System Configuration Management and Design Change Control at the Savannah River Site, Waste Solidification Building Project July 2011 Office of Enforcement and Oversight Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy i Table of Contents 1.0 Purpose ......................................................................................................................................1 2.0 Scope .........................................................................................................................................1 3.0 Background ...............................................................................................................................2

269

Review of Electrical System Configuration Management and Design Change Control at the Savannah River Site, Waste Solidification Building Project, July 2011  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Independent Review of Independent Review of Electrical System Configuration Management and Design Change Control at the Savannah River Site, Waste Solidification Building Project July 2011 Office of Enforcement and Oversight Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy i Table of Contents 1.0 Purpose ......................................................................................................................................1 2.0 Scope .........................................................................................................................................1 3.0 Background ...............................................................................................................................2

270

Experiences on the Implementation of the 'Energy Balance' Methodology as a Data Quality Control Tool: Application to the Building Energy Consumption of a Large University Campus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXPERIENCES ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ENERGY BALANCE METHODOLOGY AS A DATA QUALITY CONTROL TOOL: APPLICATION TO THE BUILDING ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF A LARGE UNIVERSITY CAMPUS Juan-Carlos Baltazar 1 , Ph.D. Research Associate Daniel... allow the engineers to identify and assess commissioning opportunities confidently. This paper presents the application of an innovative data screening methodology as a data quality control tool for energy consumption data. The methodology has...

Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Sakurai, Y.; Masuda, H.; Feinauer, D.; Liu, J.; Ji, J.; Claridge, D. E.; Deng, S.; Bruner, H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Introduction to Cost Control Strategies for Zero Energy Buildings: High-Performance Design and Construction on a Budget (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Momentum behind zero energy building design and construction is increasing, presenting a tremendous opportunity for advancing energy performance in the commercial building industry. At the same time, there is a lingering perception that zero energy buildings must be cost prohibitive or limited to showcase projects. Fortunately, an increasing number of projects are demonstrating that high performance can be achieved within typical budgets. This factsheet highlights replicable, recommended strategies for achieving high performance on a budget, based on experiences from past projects.

Not Available

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Controlling Energy-Efficient Buildings in the Contextof Smart Grid: A Cyber Physical System Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Litz. Simulation of thermal building behaviour in modelica.of the 2nd International Modelica Conference, volume 154.be- haviour using modelica. Mathematical and Computer

Maasoumy, Mehdi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Between the real and ideal : Ordering, controlling and utilising space in power negotiations - hall buildings in Scandinavia, 250 - 1050 CE.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The Scandinavian hall building was a constructional and social innovation which emerged sometime in the Early Iron Age; most scholars agree that it occurred in (more)

Eriksen, Marianne Hem

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Energy Performance Evaluation and Development of Control Strategies for the Air-conditioning System of a Building at Construction Stage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These control strategies mainly involve optimal chiller sequencing control, cooling tower sequencing control, optimal water pressure differential set-point control, AHU supply air static pressure reset control and DCV-based fresh air control, etc. To assess...

Wang, S.; Xu, X.; Ma, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Control, Estimation and Optimization of Energy Efficient Buildings Jeff Borggaard , John A. Burns , Amit Surana , Lizette Zietsman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

varieties of disturbances. Recent results have shown that by considering the whole building as an integrated buildings. Roughly speaking, these approaches include: (1) Simulation Based Design, (2) Holistic Fully Integrated Design and (3) Hybrid Design Methods. Regardless of the approach, it is clear that computing

Burns, John A.

276

Building Technologies Office: Building America: Bringing Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

America: Bringing Building Innovations to Market America: Bringing Building Innovations to Market Building America logo The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program has been a source of innovations in residential building energy performance, durability, quality, affordability, and comfort for more than 15 years. This world-class research program partners with industry (including many of the top U.S. home builders) to bring cutting-edge innovations and resources to market. For example, the Solution Center provides expert building science information for building professionals looking to gain a competitive advantage by delivering high performance homes. At Building America meetings, researchers and industry partners can gather to generate new ideas for improving energy efficiency of homes. And, Building America research teams and DOE national laboratories offer the building industry specialized expertise and new insights from the latest research projects.

277

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Boiler Control Replacement for Hydronically Heated Multifamily Buildings, Cambridge, Massachusetts Building America Technology...

278

Residential Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Apartment building exterior and interior Apartment building exterior and interior Residential Buildings EETD's research in residential buildings addresses problems associated with whole-building integration involving modeling, measurement, design, and operation. Areas of research include the movement of air and associated penalties involving distribution of pollutants, energy and fresh air. Contacts Max Sherman MHSherman@lbl.gov (510) 486-4022 Iain Walker ISWalker@lbl.gov (510) 486-4692 Links Residential Building Systems Group Batteries and Fuel Cells Buildings Energy Efficiency Applications Commercial Buildings Cool Roofs and Heat Islands Demand Response Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends High Technology and Industrial Systems Lighting Systems Residential Buildings Simulation Tools Sustainable Federal Operations

279

Modelica-based Modeling and Simulation to Support Research and Development in Building Energy and Control Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physical Modeling with Modelica. Kluwer Academic Publisher,Using SPARK as a solver for modelica. In Proc. of SimBuild,Proceedings of the 2nd Modelica conference, pages 551 55

Wetter, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Sandia National Laboratories: Building a Microgrid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

cold thermal storage. "All will interconnect with our building through a control room and building management system," Barrera said. A number of Japanese companies are...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

DOE Solar Decathlon: Virtual Tours  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

News News Photos Daily Photos Gallery of Houses Virtual Tours Videos Product Directory Village Energy Balance Education Sponsors History FAQs Contacts Virtual Tours Explore the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2013 houses through 360° panoramic images. Select a team from the list below to take a peek inside. Then use your mouse and the controls in the bottom right corner of the tour image to rotate your view. U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon Mobile Search Search Search Help More Search Options Orange County Great Park, Irvine, California, Oct. 3-13, 2013 Photo of a large group of cheering decathletes. They stand at the end of the Solar Decathlon 2013 village and hold a banner that says "U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon." U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon

282

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) FEMP Technical Assistance Federal Aviation Administration Project 209 - Control Tower and Support Building, Las Vegas, NV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report represents findings of a design review team that evaluated construction documents (at the 70% level) and operating specifications for a new control tower and support building that will be built in Las Vegas, Nevada by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The focus of the review was to identify measures that could be incorporated into the final design and operating specification that would result in additional energy savings for the FAA that would not have otherwise occurred.

Arends, J.; Sandusky, William F.

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

283

Building Data Visualization  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 Building Data Visualization contour plot Figure 1: Contour plot showing the various operating stages of occupancy sensors described in the case study. Data visualization for buildings is the display of a rich set of variables and parameters that managers can use to verify the energy savings of energy- efficient technology and identify malfunctions in building equipment or problems with operating strategies. Effective data visualization depends on having graphic presentation formats that reveal the phenomena relevant to the building's performance. A research project at the Center for Building Science is aimed at developing data visualization techniques for improved building management. Buildings with energy management control systems as well as dedicated monitoring equipment in the

284

Around Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Around Buildings W h y startw i t h buildings and w o r k o u t wa r d ? For one, buildings are difficult t o a v o i d these

Treib, Marc

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'S BUILDING PHYSICS BUILDING BAXTER'S LODGE INSTITUTE BUILDING CONSERVATION WORKS R.D.WATT BUILDING MACLEAYBUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING PHARMACY AND BANK BUILDING JOHN WOOLEY BUILDING OLD TEARCHER BUILDING THE QUARANGLE BADHAM BUILDING J.D. STEWART BUILDING BLACKBURN BUILDING MADSEN BUILDING STORE

Viglas, Anastasios

286

Remotely Deployed Virtual Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Remotely Deployed Virtual Sensors TR-UTEDGE-2007-010 Sanem Kabadayi Christine Julien © Copyright 2007 The University of Texas at Austin #12;Remotely Deployed Virtual Sensors Sanem Kabadayi that run on mobile client devices connect to the sensors of a multihop sensor network. For emerging

Julien, Christine

287

Education Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Education Education Characteristics by Activity... Education Education buildings are buildings used for academic or technical classroom instruction, such as elementary, middle, or high schools, and classroom buildings on college or university campuses. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Education Buildings... Seventy percent of education buildings were part of a multibuilding campus. Education buildings in the South and West were smaller, on average, than those in the Northeast and Midwest. Almost two-thirds of education buildings were government owned, and of these, over three-fourths were owned by a local government. Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics

288

Lodging Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

buildings. Since they comprised 7 percent of commercial floorspace, this means that their energy intensity was slightly above average. Lodging buildings were one of the few...

289

Virtual Circuits (OSCARS)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) Services Overview ECS Audio/Video Conferencing Fasterdata IPv6 Network Network Performance Tools (perfSONAR) ESnet OID Registry PGP Key Service Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) OSCARS Case Study Documentation Links Hardware Requirements DOE Grids Service Transition Contact Us Technical Assistance: 1 800-33-ESnet (Inside the US) 1 800-333-7638 (Inside the US) 1 510-486-7600 (Globally) 1 510-486-7607 (Globally) Report Network Problems: trouble@es.net Provide Web Site Feedback: info@es.net Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) ESnet's On-Demand Secure Circuits and Advance Reservation System (OSCARS) provides multi-domain, high-bandwidth virtual circuits that guarantee end-to-end network data transfer performance. Originally a research concept, OSCARS has grown into a robust production service. Currently

290

Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Integrated Predictive Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Integrated Predictive Demand Response Controller Research Project on AddThis.com...

291

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: AUDIT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AUDIT AUDIT AUDIT logo. Calculates monthly and annual heating and cooling costs for residential and light commercial buildings. Virtually any type of cooling and heating system can be simulated by AUDIT including standard DX, evaporative, air source heat pumps, water source heat pumps, and all types of fossil fueled furnaces and boilers (both modulating and on/off controlled). An optional version of AUDIT with appliance capabilities can calculate appliance and hot water energy use as well. AUDIT uses monthly bin weather data and full load cooling hours in its calculations. Weather data for hundreds of cities throughout the world are built-in to AUDIT and additional weather data can be easily added. Along with calculating energy costs, AUDIT also performs an economic analysis that allows you to compare system types and costs over

292

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: MarketManager  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MarketManager MarketManager MarketManager logo. Models any type of commercial, institutional, industrial, and residential facility and determines the energy and cost impact of virtually any type of energy conservation measure or utility rate schedule. MarketManager calculates the operating costs of any piece of equipment in the facility and determines the cost-effectiveness of improving the building envelope, HVAC controls, motors, lighting systems, heating and cooling equipment. Screen Shots Keywords building energy modeling, design, retrofit Validation/Testing N/A. Expertise Required MarketManager is best used by energy professionals who have a good understanding of HVAC systems.� Others have been known to use it. Users Approximately 1000 users worldwide, mostly in the United States.

293

Building Technologies Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

hVac controls guide hVac controls guide for Plans examiners and Building inspectors September 2011 authors: Eric Makela, PNNL James Russell, PECI Sarah Fujita, PECI Cindy Strecker, PECI Prepared by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies Program 2 contents introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 how to use the guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 code requirements and compliance checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Performance Path 10 Control Requirements for All Systems 11 Thermostatic Control of Heating and Cooling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Supply Fan Motor Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

294

Virtual Teams Demystified: An Integrative Framework for Understanding Virtual Teams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Virtual teams have been researched intensely in the last ten years and there is a growing body of literature on the topic. At this point, the authors need an integrative theory-driven framework through which they can conceptualize the notion of virtual ... Keywords: Emergent Team Processes, Emergent Team States, Information Technology, Team Design, Virtual Team Effectiveness, Virtual Teams

Olivier Caya; Mark Mortensen; Alain Pinsonneault

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Virtual vision: visual sensor networks in virtual reality  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The virtual vision paradigm features a unique synergy of computer graphics, artificial life, and computer vision technologies. Virtual vision prescribes visually and behaviorally realistic virtual environments as a simulation tool in support of research ... Keywords: reality emulator, smart cameras, virtual vision

Faisal Z. Qureshi; Demetri Terzopoulos

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Demand Response-Enabled Model Predictive HVAC Load Control in Buildings using Real-Time Electricity Pricing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A practical cost and energy efficient model predictive control (MPC) strategy is proposed for HVAC load control under dynamic real-time electricity pricing. The MPC strategy (more)

Avci, Mesut

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Building Science - Ventilation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ventilation Ventilation Joseph Lstiburek, Ph.D., P.Eng, ASHRAE Fellow www.buildingscience.com Build Tight - Ventilate Right Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 2 Build Tight - Ventilate Right How Tight? What's Right? Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 3 Air Barrier Metrics Material 0.02 l/(s-m2) @ 75 Pa Assembly 0.20 l/(s-m2) @ 75 Pa Enclosure 2.00 l/(s-m2) @ 75 Pa 0.35 cfm/ft2 @ 50 Pa 0.25 cfm/ft2 @ 50 Pa 0.15 cfm/ft2 @ 50 Pa Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 4 Getting rid of big holes 3 ach@50 Getting rid of smaller holes 1.5 ach@50 Getting German 0.6 ach@50 Building Science Corporation Joseph Lstiburek 5 Best As Tight as Possible - with - Balanced Ventilation Energy Recovery Distribution Source Control - Spot exhaust ventilation Filtration

298

BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sacramento, Ca 95814-5514 Re: Green Building Ordinance and the Building Energy Efficiency Standards Per and lower energy usage was reviewed. This factor is contained in the adopted Green Building Code Section 9 for the May 5, 2010 California Energy Commission business meeting. Thank you. John LaTorra Building Inspection

299

ARM - Measurement - Virtual temperature  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsVirtual temperature govMeasurementsVirtual temperature ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Virtual temperature The virtual temperature Tv = T(1 + rv/{epsilon}), where rv is the mixing ratio, and {epsilon} is the ratio of the gas constants of air and water vapor ( 0.622). Categories Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler RWP : Radar Wind Profiler

300

Virtual planetarium in cyberstage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe an educational application in virtual environment, intended for teaching and demonstration of basics of astronomy. The application includes 3D models of 30 objects in the Solar System, 3200 nearby stars, a large database, containing textual ...

Valery Burkin; Martin Gbel; Frank Hasenbrink; Stanislav Klimenko; Igor Nikitin; Henrik Tramberend

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Jefferson Lab Virtual Tour  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Take a virtual tour of the campus of Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. You can see inside our two accelerators, three experimental areas, accelerator component fabrication and testing areas, high-performance computing areas and laser labs.

None

2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

302

Service Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Service Service Characteristics by Activity... Service Service buildings are those in which some type of service is provided, other than food service or retail sales of goods. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Service Buildings... Most service buildings were small, with almost ninety percent between 1,001 and 10,000 square feet. Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics Number of Service Buildings by Predominant Building Size Category Figure showing number of service buildings by size. If you need assistance viewing this page, please contact 202-586-8800. Equipment Table: Buildings, Size, and Age Data by Equipment Types Predominant Heating Equipment Types in Service Buildings

303

New Services for Building Maintenance Enabled by Building Automation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Services for Building Maintenance Enabled by Building Automation New Services for Building Maintenance Enabled by Building Automation Systems Speaker(s): Heikki Ihasalo Date: May 17, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Peng Xu Today's building automation systems enable building systems integration and access to information from a variety of sources, e.g. fire alarm systems, access control, security systems, lighting and control systems. With the help of Internet technology and XML (Extensible Markup Language) building automation systems can also connect to other enterprise\ applications such as facility management software, maintenance management systems, ERP or financial systems. New applications are also emerging to manage energy consumption in buildings, for example demand response and fault detection

304

Mercantile Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mercantile Mercantile Characteristics by Activity... Mercantile Mercantile buildings are those used for the sale and display of goods other than food (buildings used for the sales of food are classified as food sales). This category includes enclosed malls and strip shopping centers. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Mercantile Buildings... Almost half of all mercantile buildings were less than 5,000 square feet. Roughly two-thirds of mercantile buildings housed only one establishment. Another 20 percent housed between two and five establishments, and the remaining 12 percent housed six or more establishments. Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics

305

Other Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Other Other Characteristics by Activity... Other Other buildings are those that do not fit into any of the specifically named categories. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Other Buildings... Other buildings include airplane hangars; laboratories; buildings that are industrial or agricultural with some retail space; buildings having several different commercial activities that, together, comprise 50 percent or more of the floorspace, but whose largest single activity is agricultural, industrial/manufacturing, or residential; and all other miscellaneous buildings that do not fit into any other CBECS category. Since these activities are so diverse, the data are probably less meaningful than for other activities; they are provided here to complete

306

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) FEMP Technical Assistance Federal Aviation Administration Project 209 Control Tower and Support Building, Reno, Nevada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Redhorse Corporation (Redhorse) conducted an energy audit on the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) control tower and base building in Reno, Nevada. This report presents the findings of the energy audit team that evaluated construction documents and operating specifications (at the 100% level) and completed a site visit. The focus of the review was to identify measures that could be incorporated into the final design and operating specifications that would result in additional energy savings for the FAA that would not have otherwise occurred.

Arends, J.; Sandusky, William F.

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

307

Oorange: A Virtual Laboratory for Experimental Mathematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

organized as a virtual laboratory, which presents a uni ed user interface integrating all the above- jects Monitor and control: Object inspection; 2D and 3D viewers Running the experiment: Animation objects Recording the experiment: Archiving and scripting Disseminating result: Documentation A hybrid

Polthier, Konrad

308

Buildings*","Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 8. Primary Space-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings*","Buildings with Space Heating","Primary Space-Heating Energy Source Used a" ,,,"Electricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat" "All Buildings* ...............",4645,3982,1258,1999,282,63 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2552,2100,699,955,171,"Q" "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",889,782,233,409,58,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",738,659,211,372,32,"Q" "25,001 to 50,000 .............",241,225,63,140,8,9

309

Buildings*","Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6. Space Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 6. Space Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings*","Buildings with Space Heating","Space-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Elec- tricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane","Other a" "All Buildings* ...............",4645,3982,1766,2165,360,65,372,113 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2552,2100,888,1013,196,"Q",243,72 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",889,782,349,450,86,"Q",72,"Q" "10,001 to 25,000 .............",738,659,311,409,46,18,38,"Q"

310

Buildings*","Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" 1. Water-Heating Energy Sources, Number of Buildings for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)" ,"All Buildings*","Buildings with Water Heating","Water-Heating Energy Sources Used (more than one may apply)" ,,,"Elec- tricity","Natural Gas","Fuel Oil","District Heat","Propane" "All Buildings* ...............",4645,3472,1910,1445,94,27,128 "Building Floorspace" "(Square Feet)" "1,001 to 5,000 ...............",2552,1715,1020,617,41,"N",66 "5,001 to 10,000 ..............",889,725,386,307,"Q","Q",27 "10,001 to 25,000 .............",738,607,301,285,16,"Q",27

311

Sustainable Buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The construction and real estate sectors are in a state of change: ... operated differently, i.e. more sustainably. Sustainable building means to build intelligently: the focus ... comprehensive quality concept t...

Christine Lemaitre

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Building technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

After growing up on construction sites, Roderick Jackson is now helping to make buildings nationwide far more energy efficient.

Jackson, Roderick

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

313

Building technologies  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

After growing up on construction sites, Roderick Jackson is now helping to make buildings nationwide far more energy efficient.

Jackson, Roderick

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

Project Recap: Harris 1-Virtual Sight Matthew Zartman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project Recap: Harris 1-Virtual Sight Matthew Zartman Dominique Fantasia Edward Loomis Our project in Rochester, NY and then we discussed the future of the project. With Brian's help we were able to come up with specific guidelines to build our project around. They were: safe to use (specifically low heat

Demirel, Melik C.

315

Understanding the Needs of Arkansas School Districts Relative to Building Use and Control Utility Tracking Personnel and Facility Planning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to highest. The division between small and large districts is noted. 1 small districts account for onl enrollment, but make up 45% of building square footage statewide [3]. It there is a large disparity sm l l METHODS school respondi cont Li were... responses of smal districts versus those of large districts were found t be statistically significant (P < 0.05) for statements 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 15. For the remaining statements (1, 6, 7, 12, 13, 14, and 16), there was not a significant...

Keazer, J. A.; Nutter, D. W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Software Enabled Virtually Variable Displacement Pumps -Theoretical and Experimental Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Software Enabled Virtually Variable Displacement Pumps - Theoretical and Experimental Studies the functional equivalent of a variable displacement pump. This approach combines a fixed displacement pump valve control, without many of the shortcomings of commercially available variable displacement pumps

Li, Perry Y.

317

Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Residential Building Residential Building Activities to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Residential Building Activities on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Challenge Home Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals

318

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Search Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Search Search Help Better Buildings Neighborhood Program HOME ABOUT BETTER BUILDINGS PARTNERS INNOVATIONS RUN A PROGRAM TOOLS & RESOURCES NEWS EERE » Building Technologies Office » Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program on Delicious

319

Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Energy Codes Building Energy Codes Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes on AddThis.com... Popular Links Success Stories Previous Next Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Warming Up to Pump Heat.

320

Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building America Building America Meetings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance Solution Center Partnerships Meetings Publications Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Building America Building Science Education Roadmap | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building Science Education Roadmap Building America Building Science Education Roadmap This roadmap outlines steps that U.S. Department of Energy Building America program must take...

322

Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Energy Building Energy Optimization Software to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Optimization Software on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance

323

Buildings Blog  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

blog Office of Energy Efficiency & blog Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 en EnergyPlus Boosts Building Efficiency with Help from Autodesk http://energy.gov/eere/articles/energyplus-boosts-building-efficiency-help-autodesk building-efficiency-help-autodesk" class="title-link">EnergyPlus Boosts Building Efficiency with Help from Autodesk

324

Building Name BuildingAbbr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capture/InstrCam ClassroomCapture/TechAsst SkypeWebcam NOTES for R&R Only Room Detail Building Times Weekend and Evening BldgBuilding Name BuildingAbbr RoomNumber SeatCount DepartmentalPriority SpecialNeedsSeating Special Detail Building Contacts Event Scheduling Detail BI 02010 104 NR Y 52 61 81 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 94

Parker, Matthew D. Brown

325

Buildings Performance Metrics Terminology  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy's Commercial Building Initiative Page 1 Energy's Commercial Building Initiative Page 1 January 2009 Buildings Performance Metrics Terminology To clarify how the terms are used in the Department of Energy's Performance Metrics Research Project, a list of terms related to performance metrics are defined and include examples and comments. Visit www.commercialbuildings.energy.gov/performance_metrics.html to learn more. Baseline - a standard reference case used as a basis for comparison Examples: a simulation model of an ASHRAE 90.1 compliant building, control building, measurement of energy consumption prior to application of an energy conservation measure Comments: Establishing a clearly defined baseline very important and is often the most difficult task. Defining a repeatable baseline is essential if the work is to be compared to results of other

326

buildings | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

buildings buildings Dataset Summary Description Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers. Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions. Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control. Source NREL Date Released April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords buildings carbon dioxide emissions carbon footprinting CO2 commercial buildings electricity emission factors ERCOT hourly emission factors interconnect nitrogen oxides NOx SO2

327

Residential Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Exterior and interior of apartment building Exterior and interior of apartment building Residential Buildings The study of ventilation in residential buildings is aimed at understanding the role that air leakage, infiltration, mechanical ventilation, natural ventilation and building use have on providing acceptable indoor air quality so that energy and related costs can be minimized without negatively impacting indoor air quality. Risks to human health and safety caused by inappropriate changes to ventilation and air tightness can be a major barrier to achieving high performance buildings and must be considered.This research area focuses primarily on residential and other small buildings where the interaction of the envelope is important and energy costs are dominated by space conditioning energy rather than air

328

Microsoft Virtualization: Master Microsoft Server, Desktop, Application, and Presentation Virtualization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Virtualization technologies help IT organizations in three ways: cost-cutting, ease of administration, and the overall effect of IT on the environment. Virtualization cuts costs by reducing the amount of capital resources (equipment), power, and cooling ...

Thomas Olzak; James Sabovik; Jason Boomer; Robert M. Keefer

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Building and Environment 42 (2007) 203217 Model-based analysis and simulation of airflow control systems of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the ductwork to room. These situations will require controlling the supply air temperature and the exhausted temperature and airflow are indispensable in the design of the entire control system. In our airflow model, we extracted from the room, and the temperature of the air exited of heat exchanger and supplied from

Melnik, Roderick

330

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research and Development  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research and Development Research and Development Photo of NREL researcher Jeff Tomberlin working on a data acquisition panel at the Building Efficiency Data Acquisition and Control Laboratory at NREL's Thermal Test Facility. The Building Technology Program funds research that can dramatically improve energy efficiency in commercial buildings. Credit: Dennis Schroeder, NREL PIX 20181 The Building Technologies Office (BTO) invests in technology research and development activities that can dramatically reduce energy consumption and energy waste in buildings. Buildings in the United States use nearly 40 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu) of energy for space heating and cooling, lighting, and appliances, an amount equivalent to the annual amount of electricity delivered by more than 3,800 500-megawatt coal-fired power plants. The BTO technology portfolio aims to help reduce building energy requirements by 50% through the use of improved appliances; windows, walls, and roofs; space heating and cooling; lighting; and whole building design strategies.

331

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: BuildingSim  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BuildingSim BuildingSim BuildingSim logo BuildingSim allows users to model a building and analyze the heating and cooling energy costs in any climate. Users can create any building—from a one-room apartment up to a 100+ floor skyscraper--and account for everything from window coverings to shade trees. BuildingSim uses actual hourly weather data from over 90 climates around the world to numerically solve the full thermodynamic differential equations every minute of the year, giving the user the actual energy use down to the cent. The simulation algorithm fully accounts for thermostat and HVAC controls, allowing the user to analyze the effects of different thermostat algorithms (programmable thermostats, setback, split-zone, etc.) on the energy costs for a specific building and climate. Screen Shots

332

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Reference Commercial Reference Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Buildings Performance Database Data Centers Energy Asset Score

333

Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Buildings to Grid Buildings to Grid Integration to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Buildings to Grid Integration on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research Water Heating Research Lighting Research

334

Chapter 13 - Commercial Building Automation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Building Automation System (BAS) is a computerized, intelligent system that controls and measures lighting, climate, security, and other mechanical and electrical systems in a building. The purpose of a BAS is typically to reduce energy and maintenance costs, as well as to increase control, comfort, reliability, and ease of use for maintenance staff and tenants.

Jan Hller; Vlasios Tsiatsis; Catherine Mulligan; Stamatis Karnouskos; Stefan Avesand; David Boyle

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Multimodal astronaut virtual training prototype  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A few dedicated training simulator applications exist that mix realistic interaction devices-like real cockpits in flight simulators-with virtual environment (VE) components. Dedicated virtual reality (VR) systems have been utilized also in astronaut ...

Jukka Rnkk; Jussi Markkanen; Raimo Launonen; Marinella Ferrino; Enrico Gaia; Valter Basso; Harshada Patel; Mirabelle D'Cruz; Seppo Laukkanen

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Daonity Grid security from two levels of virtualization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The service oriented architecture of grid computing has been thoughtfully engineered to achieve a service level virtualization: not only should a grid be a virtual machine (also known as a virtual organization, VO) of unbounded computational power and storage capacity, but also should the virtual machine be serviceable in all circumstances independent from serviceability of any of its component. At present, a grid VO as a result of service level virtualization only is more or less confined to participants from scientific computing communities, i.e., can have a limited scale. It is widely agreed that for a grid to pool resources of truly unbounded scale, commercial enterprises and in particular server-abundant financial institutions, should also go for the grid, i.e., open up their servers for being used by grid VO constructions. We believed that it is today's inadequate strength of the grid security practice that is the major hurdle to prevent commercial organizations from serving and participating the grid. This article presents the work of Daonity which is our attempt to strengthening grid security. We identify that a security service which we name behavior conformity be desirable for grid computing. Behavior conformity for grid computing is an assurance that ad hoc related principals (users, platforms or instruments) forming a grid VO must each act in conformity with the rules for the VO constitution. We apply trusted computing technologies to achieve two levels of virtualization: resource virtualization and platform virtualization. The former is about behavior conformity in a grid VO and the latter, that in an operating system. With these two levels of virtualization working together it is possible to build a grid of truly unbounded scale by VO including servers from commercial organizations.

Haibo Chen; Jieyun Chen; Wenbo Mao; Fei Yan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Methods and systems relating to an augmented virtuality environment  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Systems and methods relating to an augmented virtuality system are disclosed. A method of operating an augmented virtuality system may comprise displaying imagery of a real-world environment in an operating picture. The method may further include displaying a plurality of virtual icons in the operating picture representing at least some assets of a plurality of assets positioned in the real-world environment. Additionally, the method may include displaying at least one virtual item in the operating picture representing data sensed by one or more of the assets of the plurality of assets and remotely controlling at least one asset of the plurality of assets by interacting with a virtual icon associated with the at least one asset.

Nielsen, Curtis W; Anderson, Matthew O; McKay, Mark D; Wadsworth, Derek C; Boyce, Jodie R; Hruska, Ryan C; Koudelka, John A; Whetten, Jonathan; Bruemmer, David J

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

338

Multimodal astronaut virtual training prototype  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A few dedicated training simulator applications exist that mix realistic interaction deviceslike real cockpits in flight simulatorswith virtual environment (VE) components. Dedicated virtual reality (VR) systems have been utilized also in astronaut training. However there are no detailed descriptions of projection wall VR systems and related interaction techniques for astronaut assembly training in zero gravity conditions. Back projection technology tends to have certain advantages over head mounted displays including less simulation sickness and less restricted user movement. A prototype was built to evaluate the usefulness of projection technology \\{VEs\\} and interaction techniques for astronaut training. This was achieved by first constructing a PC cluster-based general purpose VE software and hardware platform. This platform was used to implement a testing prototype for astronaut assembly sequence training. An interaction tool battery was designed for the purposes of viewpoint control and object handling. A selected training task was implemented as a case study for further analysis based on laptop usage in the Fluid Science Laboratory (FSL) inside the Columbus module in the International Space Station (ISS). User tests were conducted on the usability of the prototype for the intended training purpose. The results seem to indicate that projection technology-based VE systems and suitably selected interaction techniques can be successfully utilized in zero gravity training operations.

Jukka Rnkk; Jussi Markkanen; Raimo Launonen; Marinella Ferrino; Enrico Gaia; Valter Basso; Harshada Patel; Mirabelle DCruz; Seppo Laukkanen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Improving virtual environments analysis process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of Virtual Environments (VEs) is increasing rapidly and people are demanding easier and more credible ways to interact with these new sites. We define a VE as a special kind of 3D virtual environment, inhabited by avatars which represent humans ... Keywords: analysis process, software engineering, use concept, virtual environment

Maria-Isabel Snchez-Segura; Angelica De Antonio; Antonio De Amescua

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

The hiphop virtual machine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The HipHop Virtual Machine (HHVM) is a JIT compiler and runtime for PHP. While PHP values are dynamically typed, real programs often have latent types that are useful for optimization once discovered. Some types can be proven through static analysis, ... Keywords: dynamic languages, jit compiler, php, tracelet

Keith Adams, Jason Evans, Bertrand Maher, Guilherme Ottoni, Andrew Paroski, Brett Simmers, Edwin Smith, Owen Yamauchi

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Buildings Database  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Buildings Database Welcome Guest Log In | Register | Contact Us Home About All Projects...

342

Office Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Since they comprised 18 percent of commercial floorspace, this means that their total energy intensity was just slightly above average. Office buildings predominantly used...

343

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Better Better Buildings Partners to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Partners on AddThis.com... Better Buildings Residential Network Progress Stories Interviews Videos Events Quick Links to Partner Information AL | AZ | CA | CO | CT FL | GA | IL | IN | LA ME | MD | MA | MI | MO NE | NV | NH | NJ | NY

344

Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Laboratories National Laboratories Supporting Building America to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: National Laboratories Supporting Building America on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America

345

Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Integrated Building Integrated Building Management System Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Integrated Building Management System Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE

346

Building Technologies Office: Water Heating Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water Heating Research Water Heating Research to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Water Heating Research on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Water Heating Research on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Water Heating Research on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Water Heating Research on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Water Heating Research on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Water Heating Research on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research Water Heating Research Lighting Research Sensors & Controls Research Energy Efficient Buildings Hub

347

Existing Building Commissioning (EBCx) Project Considerations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Existing Building Existing Building Commissioning (EBCx) Project Considerations Phil Welker, Executive Director PECI 2 Mapping Out Your Commissioning Strategy Three big questions: 1. Which buildings are commissioning candidates? 2. What commissioning approach(es) should I employ? 3. What expertise do I need to get it done? 3 Which buildings? Many factors come in to play: * Building sizes * Project budgets * Current energy performance * Building control systems * Occupancy rates * Operator/ engineering resources * Long term investment strategy * Sustainability plans or mandates * Equipment Replacements Selecting the right buildings is critical to achieve the maximum benefit in a cost-efficient manner. See the EPA's "A Retrocommissioning Guide for Building Owners"

348

Study on the use of adaptive control for energy conservation in large solar heated and cooled buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Security and Resources Study Center at LASL provides the basis for a general model used in this simulation. The NSRSC is a 59,000 ft/sup 2/ library and conference facility. A simplified model of the solar heating system is used. The adaptive optimal control technique is described and applied and the results are discussed. (MHR)

Farris, D.R.; Melsa, J.L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Radiation control coatings installed on federal buildings at Tyndall Air Force Base. Volume 1: Pre-coating monitoring and fresh coating results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) supports efforts to reduce energy use and associated expenses in the federal sector. One such effort, the New Technology Demonstration Program (NTDP), seeks to evaluate new energy-saving US technologies and secure their more timely adoption by the US government. Through a partnership with a federal site, the utility serving the site, a manufacturer of an energy-related technology, and other organizations associated with these interests, DOE can evaluate a new technology. The results of the program give federal agency decision makers more hands-on information with which to validate a decision to utilize a new technology in their facilities. The partnership of these interests is secured through a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA), in this case between Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corporation, the manager of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and ThermShield International, Ltd., the manufacturer of the technology. This is the first volume of a two-volume report that describes the effects of radiation control coatings installed on federal buildings at Tyndall Air Force Base (AFB) in Florida by ThermShield International. ORNL`s Buildings Technology Center (BTC) was assigned the responsibility for gathering, analyzing, and reporting on the data to describe the effects of the coatings. This volume describes the monitoring plan and its implementation, the results of pre-coating monitoring, the coating installation, results from fresh coatings compared to pre-coating results, and a plan to decommission the monitoring equipment. By including results from roofs at Tyndall AFB and from an outdoor test facility at the BTC, the data cover the range from poorly insulated to well-insulated roofs and two kinds of radiation control coatings on various roof membranes.

Petrie, T.W.; Childs, P.W.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Farm Buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... is intended to guide the American farmer and agricultural student in designing and constructing farm buildings. It is stated that farm ... . It is stated that farm buildings have had their most rapid development in America in the years since 1910. Prior ...

1923-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

351

An automated virtual tool to compute the entire set of proportional integral derivative controllers for a continuous linear time invariant system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

being widely used in both the industry and the academia alike. The GUI was then used in an application for designing PID controllers of High Speed Flywheel for Traction Applications [5]. B. Organization of Thesis In the following part of the thesis many... being widely used in both the industry and the academia alike. The GUI was then used in an application for designing PID controllers of High Speed Flywheel for Traction Applications [5]. B. Organization of Thesis In the following part of the thesis many...

Narasimhan, Bharat

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

352

An automated virtual tool to compute the entire set of proportional integral derivative controllers for a continuous linear time invariant system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

being widely used in both the industry and the academia alike. The GUI was then used in an application for designing PID controllers of High Speed Flywheel for Traction Applications [5]. B. Organization of Thesis In the following part of the thesis many... being widely used in both the industry and the academia alike. The GUI was then used in an application for designing PID controllers of High Speed Flywheel for Traction Applications [5]. B. Organization of Thesis In the following part of the thesis many...

Narasimhan, Bharat

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

353

Residential Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential Residential Residential Buildings Residential buildings-such as single family homes, townhomes, condominiums, and apartment buildings-are all covered by the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS). See the RECS home page for further information. However, buildings that offer multiple accomodations such as hotels, motels, inns, dormitories, fraternities, sororities, convents, monasteries, and nursing homes, residential care facilities are considered commercial buildings and are categorized in the CBECS as lodging. Specific questions may be directed to: Joelle Michaels joelle.michaels@eia.doe.gov CBECS Manager Release date: January 21, 2003 Page last modified: May 5, 2009 10:18 AM http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/archive/cbecs/pba99/residential.html

354

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Better Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Better Buildings Residential Network-Current Members on AddThis.com...

355

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Building Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Partnership Opportunities with the Department of Energy on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial

356

Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

About Residential About Residential Building Programs to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: About Residential Building Programs on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Technology Research, Standards, & Codes Popular Residential Links Success Stories Previous Next Warming Up to Pump Heat.

357

Building Technology and Urban Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Office building exterior and infrared thermograph Office building exterior and infrared thermograph Building Technology and Urban Systems Building Technology and Urban Systems application/pdf icon btus-org-chart-03-2013.pdf In the areas of Building Technology and Urban Systems, EETD researchers conduct R&D and develop physical and information technologies to make buildings and urban areas more energy- and resource-efficient. These technologies create jobs and products for the marketplace in clean technology industries. They improve quality of life, and reduce the emissions of pollutants, including climate-altering greenhouse gases. BTUSD's goal is to provide the technologies needed to operate buildings at 50 to 70 percent less energy use than average today. BTUS develops, demonstrates and deploys: Information technologies for the real-time monitoring and control of

358

Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 On this page, you may link to the summary...

359

Building Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) - Building...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) - Building America Top Innovation Building Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) - Building America Top Innovation House graphic...

360

Building America Building Science Education Roadmap  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building America Building America Building Science Education Roadmap April 2013 Contents Introduction ................................................................................................................................ 3 Background ................................................................................................................................. 4 Summit Participants .................................................................................................................... 5 Key Results .................................................................................................................................. 6 Problem ...................................................................................................................................... 7

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Agent Technology to Improve Building Energy Efficiency and Occupant Comfort  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

become central to building services control strategies. Achieving synergy between end users and buildings is the ultimate in intelligent comfort control. This new comfort control technology, based on use of the latest ICT development in agent technology...

Zeiler, W.; van Houten, R.; Kamphuis, R.; Hommelberg, M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

0-7695-2153-3/04 $20.00 2004 IEEE VMPlants: Providing and Managing Virtual Machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL Abstract Virtual machines provide flexible, powerful) to instantiate and control client-customized virtual execution environments. The plant can be integrated0-7695-2153-3/04 $20.00 © 2004 IEEE VMPlants: Providing and Managing Virtual Machine Execution

Figueiredo, Renato J.

363

Progressing for Intelligent to Smart Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and clients. The authors propose that utilising the increasingly available information as a tool to forewarn the building control systems, rather than reacting to stimuli, can allow adaptability and a distinction between Intelligent and Smart Buildings. A case...

Buckman, A. H.; Mayfield, M.; Meijer, R.; Beck, S. B. M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Virtual Leadership in Brazil - Virtual Intelligence in Multinational Companies.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? As the technology develops, the communication infrastructure continues to innovate and increase competitiveness. For companies in a country such as Brazil, communicating virtually may (more)

Wikstrm, Ida

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Industrial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Industrial Industrial Industrial / Manufacturing Buildings Industrial/manufacturing buildings are not considered commercial, but are covered by the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). See the MECS home page for further information. Commercial buildings found on a manufacturing industrial complex, such as an office building for a manufacturer, are not considered to be commercial if they have the same owner and operator as the industrial complex. However, they would be counted in the CBECS if they were owned and operated independently of the manufacturing industrial complex. Specific questions may be directed to: Joelle Michaels joelle.michaels@eia.doe.gov CBECS Manager Release date: January 21, 2003 Page last modified: May 5, 2009 10:18 AM http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/archive/cbecs/pba99/industrial.html

366

Building Technologies Office: Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Harmonization of Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Controls Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Controls Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Controls Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Controls Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Controls Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Controls Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Harmonization of Wireless Dimming Lighting Controls Research Project on

367

Better Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Challenge National leadership Initiative Better Information MOU with the Appraisal Foundation Better Tax Incentives/Credits New :179d eligibility and tool; Announced in March Better Financing With Small Business...: engaging in ESCO financing with low interest bonds) ?Tenant/Employee behaviors at odds with efficiency goals ?Split incentives ?Not enough/qualified workforce Better Buildings strategies to overcome barriers and drive action 4 Better Buildings...

Neukomm, M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Virtual Library on Genetics from Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The World Wide Web (WWW) Virtual Library is a collaborative effort to provide topic indices that break down into many subtopics guiding users to vast resources of information around the world. ORNL hosts the Virtual Library on Genetics as part of the WWWVL's Biosciences topic area. The VL on Genetics is also a collection of links to information resources that supported the DOE Human Genome Project. That project has now evolved into Genomics: GTL. GTL is DOE's next step in genomics--builds on data and resources from the Human Genome Project, the Microbial Genome Program, and systems biology. GTL will accelerate understanding of dynamic living systems for solutions to DOE mission challenges in energy and the environment. The section of the Virtual Library on Genetics that is titled Organisms guides users to genetic information resources and gene sequences for animals, insects, microbes, and plant life.

369

Automatic Production and Visualization of Urban Models from Building Allocation Plans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Production and Visualization of Urban Models from Building Allocation Plans Oguzcan Oguz presents a method for automatic generation of building models to be used in virtual city models for this work is to generate 3D city models using 2D city plans consistent with the real shapes of the buildings

Güdükbay, Ugur

370

Building sustainable energy systems: Homeostatic control of grid-connected microgrids, as a means to reconcile power supply and energy demand response management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The issue of worldwide over consumption and squandering of electrical energy has resulted in what one might call an energy obesity problem in terms of energy intake and its expenditure. It is indeed something that must change if modern society is to become sustainable someday. This is to be realized in conjunction with adequate government policies and innovative strategies aimed at effectively integrating non-conventional renewable energies (NCRE), with thriftiness and energy efficiency (EE) the three pillars of energy sustainability (ES) in today?s electric power systems generation and distribution infrastructure. This ought to be done in a way that incorporates them jointly, as part of a comprehensive energy strategy to propitiate a wider penetration of distributed generation (DG) solutions. Departing from mainstream literature on the subject, this paper proposes such strategies for integrating hybrid micro-generation power systems to the grid through homeostatic control (HC), as a means to reconcile power supply and energy demand response management (EDRM). These strategies can be designed and implemented in the microgrid?s supervisory control system for the purpose of eliciting EE and thriftiness in consumers to build ES in the system. The theoretical model behind the HC strategies is presented and a numerical example is provided, using real electricity consumption data of a small rural community in Chile. Upon examining a particular set of criteria designed to control renewable power (RP) supply from a grid-tie microgrid to residential consumers, simulation results show that the model proves effective when testing such criteria for different power supply scenarios. Particularly revealing is the role of the energy storage system (ESS) the energy buffer in the HC strategies being proposed and the difference that it makes in eliciting thrifty, efficient energy consumption as a result of individual and collective efforts to ensure energy sustainability of the system as a whole.

Franco Fernando Yanine; Federico I. Caballero; Enzo E. Sauma; Felisa M. Crdova

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Doing Well by Doing Good? Green Office Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

clusters as distinct. That is, 694 rated buildings and7,411 control buildings, each located within 1,300feet of a rated building. VOL. 100 NO. 5 EICHHOLTZ ET AL. :

Eichholtz, Piet; Kok, Nils; Quigley, John M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN HOGAN BUILDING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

911 to report the natural gas leak. · Pull the nearest fire alarm station and evacuate the building fire alarm station and evacuate the building. · From a safe location, dial 911 to report the fire GAS LEAK: · Extinguish any open controlled flames (e.g. Bunsen burners) if you can do so without

Contractor, Anis

373

Architecture: Watch on High Buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... England and Wales, would like to see a firm policy for the control of high buildings in London. The commissioners, who include Mr John Betjeman, Sir Hugh Casson, Lord ... that there are increasing pressures on the local authorities in London for planning consent for buildings above what used to be considered normal height limits, and there has been a ...

1969-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

374

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Warehouse  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

375

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Supermarket  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

376

Virtual Machine in Automation Projects.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Virtual machine, as an engineering tool, has recently been introduced into automation projects in Tetra Pak Processing System AB. The goal of this paper (more)

Xing, Xiaoyuan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Energy Information Handbook: Applications for Energy-Efficient Building Operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

relating to the scheduling and control of major buildingImproved scheduling and occupant controls should beLighting controls include scheduling and some photocontrols.

Granderson, Jessica

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

VSched: Mixing Batch And Interactive Virtual Machines Using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the user in direct control of scheduling #12;4 Virtuoso: VM-based Distributed Computing User Orders a raw work · Putting the user in direct control of scheduling #12;12 Periodic Real-time Scheduling ModelVSched: Mixing Batch And Interactive Virtual Machines Using Periodic Real-time Scheduling Bin Lin

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

379

Provide Virtual Distributed Environments for Grid Computing on Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for security control and user delegation. · Resource management becomes a bottleneck for the Grid middleware]. An community- centric Grid application [9] certainly has a security control scheme distinct with a dataProvide Virtual Distributed Environments for Grid Computing on Demand Lizhe Wang , Gregor von

380

Building Virtual Earth Observatories using Ontologies, Linked Geospatial Data and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece koubarak@di.uoa.gr 2 German Aerospace Center (DLR), Germany Abstract. Advances in remote sensing technologies have allowed us to send an ever-increasing number of satellites science and application do- mains (environment, oceanography, geology, archaeology, security, etc

Koubarakis, Manolis

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Detecting insider activity using enhanced directory virtualization.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Insider threats often target authentication and access control systems, which are frequently based on directory services. Detecting these threats is challenging, because malicious users with the technical ability to modify these structures often have sufficient knowledge and expertise to conceal unauthorized activity. The use of directory virtualization to monitor various systems across an enterprise can be a valuable tool for detecting insider activity. The addition of a policy engine to directory virtualization services enhances monitoring capabilities by allowing greater flexibility in analyzing changes for malicious intent. The resulting architecture is a system-based approach, where the relationships and dependencies between data sources and directory services are used to detect an insider threat, rather than simply relying on point solutions. This paper presents such an architecture in detail, including a description of implementation results.

Shin, Dongwan (New Mexico Tech, Socorro, NM); Claycomb, William R.

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Residential Buildings Integration Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Residential Buildings Integration Program Presentation for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

383

Building Scale DC Microgrids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building TechnologiesEfficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies

Marnay, Chris

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Commercial Buildings Consortium  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Commercial Buildings Integration Project for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

385

Energy Efficient Buildings Hub  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Energy Efficient Buildings HUB Lunch Presentation for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review

386

Virtual stationary timed automata for mobile networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we formally define a programming abstraction for mobile networks called the Virtual Stationary Automata programming layer, consisting of real mobile clients, virtual timed I/O automata called virtual ...

Nolte, Tina Ann, 1979-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Virtual Science Fair | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Virtual Science Fair Virtual Science Fair The Bioenergy Technology Office (BETO) is hosting a national virtual science fair that engages 9th-12th grade students in learning about...

388

Uncertainty and Virtual Particles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Incertidumbre y partículas virtuales Incertidumbre y partículas virtuales Volver Principal ESTOY PERDIDO!!! El principio de incerteza de Heisenberg: En 1927, Heisenberg enunció una propiedad fundamental de la mecánica cuántica que dice que es imposible medir EN FORMA EXACTA AMBOS, la posición de una partícula y su ímpetu. Cuanto mayor sea la precisión con que determinamos una, menos sabremos de la otra. Este es el llamado Principio de incerteza de Heisenberg. La relación matemática que lo expresa es: Significa que la incertidumbre en la posición (x), multiplicada por la incertidumbre en el momento (p), es mayor o igual que una constante (h-barra dividido por dos.) Este principio puede también ser escrito en términos de energía y tiempo: Significa que la incertidumbre en la energía de una partícula

389

Virtual Optical Comparator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Virtual Optical Comparator, VOC, was conceived as a result of the limitations of conventional optical comparators and vision systems. Piece part designs for mechanisms have started to include precision features on the face of parts that must be viewed using a reflected image rather than a profile shadow. The VOC concept uses a computer generated overlay and a digital camera to measure features on a video screen. The advantage of this system is superior edge detection compared to traditional systems. No vinyl charts are procured or inspected. The part size and expensive fixtures are no longer a concern because of the range of the X-Y table of the Virtual Optical Comparator. Product redesigns require only changes to the CAD image overlays; new vinyl charts are not required. The inspection process is more ergonomic by allowing the operator to view the part sitting at a desk rather than standing over a 30 inch screen. The procurement cost for the VOC will be less than a traditional comparator with a much smaller footprint with less maintenance and energy requirements.

Thompson, Greg

2008-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

390

Engineering Virtualized Services Elvira Albert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engineering Virtualized Services Elvira Albert Complutense University of Madrid, Spain elvira project FP7-610582 ENVISAGE: Engineering Virtualized Services (http://www.envisage-project.eu). level of an application-level service at the expense of potentially changing its cost profile. In traditional engineering

Johnsen, Einar Broch

391

Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tools to someone by E-mail Tools to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building America Research Tools on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance Solution Center Partnerships Meetings Publications Home Energy Score

392

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to someone by E-mail to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Research on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Buildings Performance Database Data Centers Energy Asset Score Energy Modeling Software Global Superior Energy Performance Partnership

393

Hidden buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... to charge to research grants a portion of the costs of constructing and financing new buildings. What this means is that institutions confident that their researchers would be well supported ... that institutions confident that their researchers would be well supported have

1991-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

394

About Building Energy Modeling | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

mechanical systems, and dynamic building control for energy optimization or demand response. The design use cases can exploit prescriptive guidelines rather than simulation....

395

Transforming Commercial Building Operations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

& Publications Retrocommissioning and the Public Sector retrocommissioningpublicsector.doc Small- and Medium-Size Building Automation and Control System Needs: Scoping Study...

396

Green Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This award was split into five tasks, HVAC replacement, lighting retrofitting, daylight harvesting, data center virtualization, and traffic signal retrofitting. The first three tasks were combined into an Energy Performance Contract on seven City facilities. This allowed for the total cost of the project to be offset by guaranteed savings over a 14 year period. The other two projects where done by separate vendors and successfully completed. The combination of these five tasks will result in a significant reduction in our energy consumption city wide, and will also translate to savings for the taxpayer on utility costs. There were also additional financial savings to the taxpayer not related to energy reduction that added value to these projects which will be discussed below.

Ruppert, Benjamin; Elliot, Phillip

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

397

Office Buildings - Types of Office Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PDF Office Buildings PDF Office Buildings Types of Office Buildings | Energy Consumption | End-Use Equipment Although no one building type dominates the commercial buildings sector, office buildings are the most common and account for more than 800,000 buildings or 17 percent of total commercial buildings. Offices comprised more than 12 billion square feet of floorspace, 17 percent of total commercial floorspace, the most of any building type. Types of Office Buildings The 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables present data for office buildings along with other principal building activities (see Detailed Tables B13 and B14, for example). Since office buildings comprise a wide range of office-related activities, survey respondents were presented with a follow-up list of specific office types to choose from. Although we have not presented the

398

Building Technologies Program: Building America Publications  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Program Program HOME ABOUT ENERGY EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS APPLIANCE & EQUIPMENT STANDARDS BUILDING ENERGY CODES EERE » Building Technologies Program » Residential Buildings About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance Solution Center Partnerships Meetings Publications Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Challenge Home Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Technology Research, Standards, & Codes Feature featured product thumbnail Building America Best Practices Series Volume 14 - HVAC: A Guide for Contractors to Share with Homeowners Details Bookmark &

399

Virtual Hydropower Prospector | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Virtual Hydropower Prospector Virtual Hydropower Prospector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Virtual Hydropower Prospector Agency/Company /Organization: Idaho National Laboratory Sector: Energy Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: hydropower.inl.gov/prospector/index.shtml Country: United States Cost: Free Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

400

Impacts of Some Building Design Parameters on Heat Pump Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In this study; in order to provide energy conservation and climatic comfort in buildings, an approach which aims to control the energy consumption of heat pumps by controlling decisions related to building design parameters have been developed. For this purpose...

Erdim, B.; Manioglu, G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Building America Update - August 9, 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

August 9, 2013 August 9, 2013 This announcement brings you the latest information about news, activities, and publications from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program. Please forward this message to colleagues who may be interested in subscribing to future Building America Update newsletters. Building America Supports Home for Life * As the nation's baby boomers are entering retirement age, a recent AARP survey shows that nearly 70% would like to remain in their homes. Hanley Wood's Home for Life website and virtual tour uses universal design principles to help aging boomers transform a classic family home into a convenient, energy-efficient, and low-maintenance home. An all-star team of experts-including Building America- contributes expertise in remodeling design, construction;

402

Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Changes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Changes in Lighting Changes in Lighting The percentage of commercial buildings with lighting was unchanged between 1995 and 2003; however, three lighting types did show change in usage. Compact fluorescent lamps and halogen lamps showed a significant increase between 1995 and 2003 while the use of incandescent lights declined. The lighting questions in the 1995, 1999, and 2003 CBECS questionnaires were virtually identical which facilitates comparison across survey years. The use of compact fluorescent lamps more than doubled, from just under 10 percent of lit buildings to more than 20 percent (Figure 17 and Table 5). The use of halogen lamps nearly doubled, from 7 percent to 13 percent of lit buildings. Use of incandescent lights was the only lighting type to decline; their use dropped from 59 percent to just over one-half of lit buildings.

403

Reducing the operational energy demand in buildings using building information modeling tools and sustainability approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A sustainable building is constructed of materials that could decrease environmental impacts, such as energy usage, during the lifecycle of the building. Building Information Modeling (BIM) has been identified as an effective tool for building performance analysis virtually in the design stage. The main aims of this study were to assess various combinations of materials using BIM and identify alternative, sustainable solutions to reduce operational energy consumption. The amount of energy consumed by a double story bungalow house in Johor, Malaysia, and assessments of alternative material configurations to determine the best energy performance were evaluated by using Revit Architecture 2012 and Autodesk Ecotect Analysis software to show which of the materials helped in reducing the operational energy use of the building to the greatest extent throughout its annual life cycle. At the end, some alternative, sustainable designs in terms of energy savings have been suggested.

Mojtaba Valinejad Shoubi; Masoud Valinejad Shoubi; Ashutosh Bagchi; Azin Shakiba Barough

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Three Building Energy Modeling Programs:andD. Zhu. Buildingenergymodelingprogramscomparison:Comparison of building energy modeling programs: HVAC

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Buildings Characteristics 1992 Buildings Characteristics Overview Full Report Tables National and Census region estimates of the number of commercial buildings in the U.S. and...

406

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technologies, integrated design, building operation andperformance, integrated buildingdesignandoperation,Integrated Design and Operation for Very Low Energy Buildings,

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Building Energy Modeling  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Building energy simulationphysics-based calculation of building energy consumptionis a multi-use tool for building energy efficiency.

408

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Y (2008). DeSTAn integrated building simulation toolkit,Part ? : Fundamentals. Building Simulation, 1: 95 ? 110.Y (2008). DeSTAn integrated building simulation toolkit,

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Filter Press Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"FILTER PRESS BUILDING" AVON LAKE WATER POLLUTION CONTROL CENTER HEAT PUMP HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEM William M. Bush, P.E. The Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company Cleveland, Ohio ABSTRACT The high heat value of the plant's treated wa..." of the thousands of homes in the com munity, we were able to recommend a system of heat recovery refrigeration cycles that would provide space conditioning at a fraction of the cost of natural gas. The all-electric recommendation was accepted because...

Bush, W. M.

410

Building Operator Certification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

programmed settings review ? Verify damper settings ? Check static pressure sensor calibration ? Review occupant complaint records and remedies ? Review established temperature set points HVAC Controls Operational Review ESL-KT-13-12-49 CATEE 2013: Clean... Operator Certification Energy Efficiency through Operator Training BOC Has Two Levels Level I: Building Systems Maintenance ? Two or more years experience (5 yrs avg) ? Outcome: Basic understanding of electrical, HVAC and lighting systems...

Lilley, D.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Building Technologies Office: Advancing Building Energy Codes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advancing Building Energy Codes Advancing Building Energy Codes The Building Technologies Office (BTO) supports greater adoption of residential and commercial building energy codes through collaborative efforts with local governments and industry groups, and by providing key tools and assistance for code development, adoption, and implementation. Through advancing building codes, we aim to improve building energy efficiency by 50%, and to help states achieve 90% compliance with their energy codes. 75% of U.S. Buildings will be New or Renovated by 2035, Building Codes will Ensure They Use Energy Wisely. Learn More 75% of U.S. Buildings will be New or Renovated by 2035; Building Codes will Ensure They Use Energy Wisely Learn More Energy Codes Ensure Efficiency in Buildings We offer guidance and technical resources to policy makers, compliance verification professionals, architects, engineers, contractors, and other stakeholders who depend on building energy codes.

412

Workshop Proceedings of the Industrial Building Energy Use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pollution-control or other environmental conditioning requirements, and therefore higher inten- sity of energy use for building

Akbari, H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Virtual humans: back to the future  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper essentially tries to examine all the roles that Virtual Humans can play in empowering human expression, and the research challenges we have to face to make this possible. It starts with a short history of Virtual Humans and how we contribute ... Keywords: computer animation, virtual humans, virtual reality

Nadia Magnenat Thalmann; Daniel Thalmann

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

System Management Software for Virtual Environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently there has been an increased interest in the use of system-level virtualization using mature solutions such as Xen, QEMU, or VMWare. These virtualization platforms are being used in distributed and parallel environments including high performance computing. The use of virtual machines within such environments introduces new challenges to system management. These include tedious tasks such as deploying para-virtualized host operating systems to support virtual machine execution or virtual overlay networks to connect these virtual machines. Additionally, there is the problem of machine definition and deployment, which is complicated by differentiation in the underlying virtualization technology. This paper discusses tools for the deployment and management of both host operating systems and virtual machines in clusters. We begin with an overview of system-level virtualization and move on to a description of tools that we have developed to aid with these environments. These tools extend prior work in the area of cluster installation, configuration and management.

Vallee, Geoffroy R [ORNL; Naughton, III, Thomas J [ORNL; Scott, Stephen L [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

News | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

News News A variety of resources and news from BECP, states, and other news sources are available for anyone interested in learning more about building energy codes. This includes newsletters, articles, links and more. To receive BECP News and other updates from the Building Energy Codes Program via email, join our mailing list. Featured Codes News DOE Activities and Methodology for Assessing Compliance With Building Energy Codes RFI Mayors Urge Cities to Strengthen Energy Code AZ Legislature Preserves Local Control of Building Energy Efficiency Codes Washington State Home Builders Lead the Nation in Energy Code Compliance Mississippi Invests in Future Growth With Adoption of Best-in-Class Energy Efficiency Legislation Energy 2030 Report Calls for Stricter Energy Building Codes

416

commercial buildings | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

buildings buildings Dataset Summary Description Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers. Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions. Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control. Source NREL Date Released April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated April 11th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords buildings carbon dioxide emissions carbon footprinting CO2 commercial buildings electricity emission factors ERCOT hourly emission factors interconnect nitrogen oxides NOx SO2

417

Virtual university-oriented cooperative mobile agent middleware  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The autonomy, cooperativity, intelligence and mobility of mobile agents make them overcome the weakness of the traditional distributed computation mode of C/S and B/S, and bring new innovative solutions to the collaborative teaching, collaborative learning and collaborative management in virtual universities. However, nowadays most of the research in mobile agent technology in terms of the Virtual University is mostly focused on a certain application for some particular users. As a result, these researches do not provide an effective control mechanism for the universal management of multiapplication agents that work for the multiusers with multicharacters. This has prevented the implementation and promulgation of agent technology in virtual universities. As far as such insufficiency is concerned, this paper demonstrates its own solution. In this paper, a Virtual University-Oriented cooperative Mobile Agent Middleware (VUMAM) and a Virtual University framework based on VUMAM are designed. In addition, the paper discusses the assignment of agent characters and function, agent naming, the control mechanism of cooperative agents and the extendability of VUMAM.

Wenqing Peng; Yuanming Luo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Building Technologies Office: Energy Efficient Buildings Hub  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Efficient Buildings Hub Efficient Buildings Hub This model of a renovated historic building-Building 661-in Philadelphia will house the Energy Efficient Buildings Hub. The facility's renovation will serve as a best practices model for commercial building design, historic adaptive re-use, and energy efficiency innovation through continuous retrofit. The U.S. Department of Energy created the Energy Efficient Buildings Hub in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to promote regional job creation and economic growth while also improving the energy efficiency of commercial buildings. Established in 2011, the Energy Efficient Buildings Hub seeks to demonstrate how innovating technologies can help building owners and operators can save money by adopting energy efficient technologies and techniques. The goal is to enable the nation to cut energy use in the commercial buildings sector by 20% by 2020.

419

Model Building  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this talk I begin with some general discussion of model building in particle theory, emphasizing the need for motivation and testability. Three illustrative examples are then described. The first is the Left-Right model which provides an explanation for the chirality of quarks and leptons. The second is the 331-model which offers a first step to understanding the three generations of quarks and leptons. Third and last is the SU(15) model which can accommodate the light leptoquarks possibly seen at HERA.

Paul H. Frampton

1997-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

420

Building America Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning Strategies for Multifamily Buildings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The webinar focused on improving the performance of central space conditioning systems in multifamily buildings, including hydronic heating strategies and the evaluation of thermostatically controlled radiator valves (TRVs).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Contrail Virtual Execution Platform Challenges in Being Part of a Cloud Federation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contrail Virtual Execution Platform Challenges in Being Part of a Cloud Federation Piyush Harsh will provide a federation layer support for bringing a multitude of cloud providers, both private and public, health care providers to name a few. This paper describes the novel features we are building

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

422

Reti attive di distribuzione: le applicazioni Virtual Power Plant e Virtual Utility.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Il presente lavoro si occupa di nuove applicazioni per la gestione e lottimizzazione di risorse distribuite, cos dette Virtual Power Plant (VPP) o Virtual Utility (more)

Baroncelli, Paolo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Building Technologies Office: Webinars  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Webinars Webinars Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Building Technologies Office: Webinars to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Webinars on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Webinars on AddThis.com... Popular Links Success Stories Previous Next Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Warming Up to Pump Heat. Cut Refrigerator Energy Use to Save Money. Tools EnergyPlus Whole Building Simulation Program Building Energy Software Tools Directory High Performance Buildings Database

424

Virtual Ergonomic Assessment of First Saudi Arabian Designed Car in a Semi-Immersive Environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract During the last decade human factors is drawing more attention in the design, engineering, production, and maintenance of new industrial products especially in automotive industry. Ergonomic quality is becoming a critical criterion for the success of many products. Recently, virtual reality (VR) technique is widely applied during different phases of product development. The use of VR allows designer reducing the production of physical prototypes that are very expensive and requires long production time. Virtual humans are used in the automotive industry especially for ergonomic analysis of a virtual prototype of a car. In this research work, an ergonomic assessment for first Saudi Arabian Car known has been performed. CATIA V5 human builder module was used to develop the virtual humans of American male 50 and 95 percentile, which were utilized to carry out the ergonomic analysis of driver's seat. The main goal of the research is to develop a virtual environment (VE) that allow designers and engineer to evaluate the car interiors and driver's seat position using the digital mock-up instead of building the physical prototype, having a virtual validation of the project, in its early development phases. A successful ergonomics assessment has been performed on the digital model of the car in a semi-immersive virtual environment and recommendations were made for the driver's seat position based on the assessment.

Mustufa H. Abidi; A.M. El-Tamimi; A.M. Al-Ahmari; S.M. Darwish; M.S. Rasheed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Building and Buildings, Scotland: Draft Building Standards (Scotland) Regulations, 1961  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These regulations, made under the Building (Scotland) Act, 1959, prescribe standards for buildings for the purposes of Part II of that Act. The matters in relation to which standards have been prescribed are described in ...

Her Majesty's Stationary Office

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Smart Buildings and Demand Response  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Advances in communications and control technology the strengthening of the Internet and the growing appreciation of the urgency to reduce demand side energy use are motivating the development of improvements in both energy efficiency and demand response (DR) systems in buildings. This paper provides a framework linking continuous energy management and continuous communications for automated demand response (Auto?DR) in various times scales. We provide a set of concepts for monitoring and controls linked to standards and procedures such as Open Automation Demand Response Communication Standards (OpenADR). Basic building energy science and control issues in this approach begin with key building components systems end?uses and whole building energy performance metrics. The paper presents a framework about when energy is used levels of services by energy using systems granularity of control and speed of telemetry. DR when defined as a discrete event requires a different set of building service levels than daily operations. We provide examples of lessons from DR case studies and links to energy efficiency.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Transforming Commercial Building Operations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Ron Underhill Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ronald.underhill@pnnl.gov (509)375-9765 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Most buildings are not commissioned (Cx) before occupancy, including HVAC and lighting systems * Buildings often are poorly operated and maintained leading to significant energy waste of 5 to 20%, even when they have building automation systems (BASs)

428

Transforming Commercial Building Operations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Transforming Commercial Building Operations Ron Underhill Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ronald.underhill@pnnl.gov (509)375-9765 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Most buildings are not commissioned (Cx) before occupancy, including HVAC and lighting systems * Buildings often are poorly operated and maintained leading to significant energy waste of 5 to 20%, even when they have building automation systems (BASs)

429

California commercial building energy benchmarking  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Building energy benchmarking is the comparison of whole-building energy use relative to a set of similar buildings. It provides a useful starting point for individual energy audits and for targeting buildings for energy-saving measures in multiple-site audits. Benchmarking is of interest and practical use to a number of groups. Energy service companies and performance contractors communicate energy savings potential with ''typical'' and ''best-practice'' benchmarks while control companies and utilities can provide direct tracking of energy use and combine data from multiple buildings. Benchmarking is also useful in the design stage of a new building or retrofit to determine if a design is relatively efficient. Energy managers and building owners have an ongoing interest in comparing energy performance to others. Large corporations, schools, and government agencies with numerous facilities also use benchmarking methods to compare their buildings to each other. The primary goal of Task 2.1.1 Web-based Benchmarking was the development of a web-based benchmarking tool, dubbed Cal-Arch, for benchmarking energy use in California commercial buildings. While there were several other benchmarking tools available to California consumers prior to the development of Cal-Arch, there were none that were based solely on California data. Most available benchmarking information, including the Energy Star performance rating, were developed using DOE's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), which does not provide state-level data. Each database and tool has advantages as well as limitations, such as the number of buildings and the coverage by type, climate regions and end uses. There is considerable commercial interest in benchmarking because it provides an inexpensive method of screening buildings for tune-ups and retrofits. However, private companies who collect and manage consumption data are concerned that the identities of building owners might be revealed and hence are reluctant to share their data. The California Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), the primary source of data for Cal-Arch, is a unique source of information on commercial buildings in California. It has not been made public; however, it was made available by CEC to LBNL for the purpose of developing a public benchmarking tool.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Building Green in Greensburg: Centera Bank  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Centera Bank Centera Bank After a category EF-5 tornado virtually leveled the entire town of Greensburg in 2007, the owners of Centera Bank were determined to rebuild green. Design plans were drawn up with optimal energy efficiency and sustainability in mind, in keeping with the goals of the City of Greensburg to rebuild green. Situated on a downtown corner lot across the street from the bank's former location, the new 4,000-square-foot building incorporates energy-efficient building principles required to achieve the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED ® ) certification. ENERGY EFFICIENCY FEATURES * A high-efficiency air-cooled heat pump split system harnesses the benefits of environmentally friendly R-410 refrigeration in both the heating and cooling mode to reduce

431

A model of virtual interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We set up an experiment with two independent laser beams that cross at a small angle, spatially separate, and end at detectors in front of each beam. The setup allows us to obtain maximum path or which-way information, K=1. However, when we scan a thin wire across the beam intersection the which-way information drops to K=0.985. The thin wire serves to verify the presence of an interference pattern with visibility, V=0.833, at the beam intersection. Our results appear to be in conflict with the complementarity inequality, V^2+K^2 smaller or equal to 1. We introduce a model that describes a virtual interference pattern. We resolve our paradoxical findings by proposing that the complementarity inequality does not apply to virtual interference patterns but only to physically real ones. We find that the interference pattern in our setup is virtual.

Flores, Eduardo V; Scaturro, Jeffrey

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Implementing virtual reality interfaces for the geosciences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the past few years, a multidisciplinary team of computer and earth scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has been exploring the use of advanced user interfaces, commonly called {open_quotes}Virtual Reality{close_quotes} (VR), coupled with visualization and scientific computing software. Working closely with industry, these efforts have resulted in an environment in which VR technology is coupled with existing visualization and computational tools. VR technology may be thought of as a user interface. It is useful to think of a spectrum, ranging the gamut from command-line interfaces to completely immersive environments. In the former, one uses the keyboard to enter three or six-dimensional parameters. In the latter, three or six-dimensional information is provided by trackers contained either in hand-held devices or attached to the user in some fashion, e.g. attached to a head-mounted display. Rich, extensible and often complex languages are a vehicle whereby the user controls parameters to manipulate object position and location in a virtual world, but the keyboard is the obstacle in that typing is cumbersome, error-prone and typically slow. In the latter, the user can interact with these parameters by means of motor skills which are highly developed. Two specific geoscience application areas will be highlighted. In the first, we have used VR technology to manipulate three-dimensional input parameters, such as the spatial location of injection or production wells in a reservoir simulator. In the second, we demonstrate how VR technology has been used to manipulate visualization tools, such as a tool for computing streamlines via manipulation of a {open_quotes}rake.{close_quotes} The rake is presented to the user in the form of a {open_quotes}virtual well{close_quotes} icon, and provides parameters used by the streamlines algorithm.

Bethel, W.; Jacobsen, J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, CA (United States); Austin, A.; Lederer, M. [BP Exploration, Houston, TX (United States); Little, T. [Landmark Graphics Corp., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: HVACSIM+  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HVACSIM+ HVACSIM+ Simulation model of a building HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning ) system plus HVAC controls, the building shell, the heating/cooling plant, and energy management and control system (EMCS) algorithms. The main program of HVACSIM+ (HVAC SIMulation PLUS other systems employs a hierarchical, modular approach and advanced equation solving techniques to perform dynamic simulations of building/HVAC/control systems. The modular approach is based upon the methodology used in the TRNSYS program. Keywords HVAC equipment, systems, controls, EMCS, complex systems Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required High level of computer literacy. Users More than 100. Audience Building technology researchers, graduate schools, consultants. Input Building system component model configuration, simulation setup work file,

434

Extended Virtual Spring Mesh (EVSM): The Distributed Self-Organizing Mobile Ad Hoc Network for Area Exploration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs) are distributed self-organizing networks that can change locations and configure themselves on the fly. This paper focuses on an algorithmic approach for the deployment of a MANET within an enclosed area, such as a building in a disaster scenario, which can provide a robust communication infrastructure for search and rescue operations. While a virtual spring mesh (VSM) algorithm provides scalable, self-organizing, and fault-tolerant capabilities required by aMANET, the VSM lacks the MANET's capabilities of deployment mechanisms for blanket coverage of an area and does not provide an obstacle avoidance mechanism. This paper presents a new technique, an extended VSM (EVSM) algorithm that provides the following novelties: (1) new control laws for exploration and expansion to provide blanket coverage, (2) virtual adaptive springs enabling the mesh to expand as necessary, (3) adapts to communications disturbances by varying the density and movement of mobile nodes, and (4) new metrics to assess the performance of the EVSM algorithm. Simulation results show that EVSM provides up to 16% more coverage and is 3.5 times faster than VSM in environments with eight obstacles.

Kurt Derr

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Commercial Buildings Integration Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buildings Buildings Integration Program Arah Schuur Program Manager arah.schuur@ee.doe.gov April 2, 2013 Building Technologies Office Program Peer Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Vision Commercial buildings are constructed, operated, renovated and transacted with energy performance in mind and net zero ready commercial buildings are common and cost-effective. Commercial Buildings Integration Program Mission Accelerate voluntary uptake of significant energy performance improvements in existing and new commercial buildings. 3 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov BTO Goals: BTO supports the development and deployment of technologies and systems to reduce

436

Home | Better Buildings Workforce  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Better Buildings Logo Better Buildings Logo EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Search form Search Search Better Buildings Logo Better Buildings Workforce Home Framework Resources Projects Participate Home Framework Resources Projects Better Buildings Workforce Guidelines Buildings Re-tuning Training ANSI Energy Efficiency Standards Collaborative Energy Performance-Based Acquisition Training Participate For a detailed project overview, download the Better Buildings Workforce Guidelines Fact Sheet Home The Better Buildings Initiative is a broad, multi-strategy initiative to make commercial and industrial buildings 20% more energy efficient over the next 10 years. DOE is currently pursuing strategies across five pillars to catalyze change and accelerate private sector investment in energy

437

Efficient Checkpointing of Virtual Machines using Virtual Machine Introspection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cloud Computing environments rely heavily on system-level virtualization. This is due to the inherent benefits of virtualization including fault tolerance through checkpoint/restart (C/R) mechanisms. Because clouds are the abstraction of large data centers and large data centers have a higher potential for failure, it is imperative that a C/R mechanism for such an environment provide minimal latency as well as a small checkpoint file size. Recently, there has been much research into C/R with respect to virtual machines (VM) providing excellent solutions to reduce either checkpoint latency or checkpoint file size. However, these approaches do not provide both. This paper presents a method of checkpointing VMs by utilizing virtual machine introspection (VMI). Through the usage of VMI, we are able to determine which pages of memory within the guest are used or free and are better able to reduce the amount of pages written to disk during a checkpoint. We have validated this work by using various benchmarks to measure the latency along with the checkpoint size. With respect to checkpoint file size, our approach results in file sizes within 24% or less of the actual used memory within the guest. Additionally, the checkpoint latency of our approach is up to 52% faster than KVM s default method.

Aderholdt, Ferrol [Tennessee Technological University] [Tennessee Technological University; Han, Fang [Tennessee Technological University] [Tennessee Technological University; Scott, Stephen L [ORNL] [ORNL; Naughton, III, Thomas J [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Buildings without energy bills  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In European Union member states, by 31 december 2020, all new buildings shall be nearly zero-energy consumption building. For new buildings occupied and owned by public authorities this shall comply by 31 december 2018. The buildings sectors represents ... Keywords: energy efficiency, low energy buildings, passive houses design, sustainable development

Ruxandra Crutescu

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Academic Buildings Student & Admin.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Academic Buildings Student & Admin. Services Residence Public Parking Permit Parking GatheringCampusRoad Shrum Science Centre South Sciences Building Technology & Science Complex 2 Greenhouses Science Research AnnexBee Research BuildingAlcan Aquatic Research Technology & Science Complex 1 C Building B Building P

440

OpenEI - buildings  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hourly Energy Emission Hourly Energy Emission Factors for Electricity Generation in the United States http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/488 Emissions from energy use in buildings are usually estimated on an annual basis using annual average multipliers.  Using annual numbers provides a reasonable estimation of emissions, but it provides no indication of the temporal nature of the emissions.  Therefore, there is no way of understanding the impact on emissions from load shifting and peak shaving technologies such as thermal energy storage, on-site renewable energy, and demand control

License

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Building Size  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Size of Buildings Size of Buildings Size of Buildings The 1999 CBECS estimated that 2,348,000 commercial buildings, or just over half (50.4 percent) of total buildings, were found in the smallest building size category (1,001 to 5,000 square feet) (Figure 1). Only 7,000 buildings occupied the largest size category (over 500,000 square feet). Detailed tables Figure 1. Distribution of Buildings by Size of Building, 1999 Figure 1. Distribution of Buildings by Size of Building, 1999. If having trouble viewing this page, please contact the National Energy Information Center at (202) 586-8800. Energy Information Administration Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey The middle size categories (10,001 to 100,000 square feet) had relatively more floorspace per category than smaller or larger size categories (Figure 2). The greatest amount of floorspace, about 11,153,000 square feet (or 17 percent of total floorspace) was found in the 10,001 to 25,000 square feet category. Figure 2. Distribution of Floorspace by Size of Building, 1999

442

Virtual articulation and kinematic abstraction in robotics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the theory, implementation, novel applications, and experimental validation of a general-purpose framework for applying virtual modifications to an articulated robot, or virtual articulations. These ...

Vona, Marsette Arthur, 1977-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Construction of Matlab Circuit Analysis Virtual Laboratory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Matlab virtual laboratory was composed of themanagement ... the CGI interfaceto linkthe pilot designed projectwould to complete thevirtualsimulation. Practice...

Shoucheng Ding

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

A Virtual Environment Framework For Software Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Virtual Environment Framework For Software Engineering Stephen E. Dossick Submitted in partial Environment Framework for Software Engineering Stephen E. Dossick The field of Software Engineering, responsible for mapping project artifacts into virtual environment furnishings, and the CHIME Theme Manager

Kaiser, Gail E.

445

Design/installation and structural integrity assessment under the Federal Facility Agreement for Bethel Valley Low-Level Waste Collection and Transfer System upgrade for Building 2026 (High Radiation Level Analytical Laboratory) and Building 2099 (Monitoring and Control Station) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document presents a Design/Installation and Structural Integrity Assessment for a replacement tank system for portions of the Bethel Valley Low Level Waste (LLW) System, located at the Oak Ridge Reservation, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. This issue of the assessment covers the design aspects of the replacement tank system, and certifies that the design has sufficient structural integrity and is acceptable for the storing or treating of hazardous and/or radioactive substances. The present issue identifies specific activities that must be completed during the fabrication, installation, and testing of the replacement tank system in order to provide assurance that the final installation complies with governing requirements. Portions of the LLW system are several decades old, or older, and do not comply with current environmental protection regulations. Several subsystems of the LLW system have been designated to receive a state-of-the-art replacement and refurbishment. One such subsystem serves Building 2026, the High Radiation Level Analytical Laboratory. This assessment focuses on the scope of work for the Building 2026 replacement LLW Collection and Transfer System, including the provision of a new Monitoring and Control Station (Building 2099) to receive, store, and treat (adjust pH) low level radioactive waste.

Not Available

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Step 4. Inspect the Building During and After Construction | Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4. Inspect the Building During and After Construction 4. Inspect the Building During and After Construction A number of website resources offer checklists to help officials organize the many energy-code-related areas to inspect on the construction site. Several examples of different checklists are listed below. When applicable and approved for use, REScheck and COMcheck inspection checklists should be provided as part of the energy code compliance documentation for the building. REScheck/COMcheck checklists. The REScheck and COMcheck software programs generate reports that list the energy-code-related items to be inspected. The lists include mandatory items such as air leakage control, duct insulation and sealing, temperature controls, and lighting requirements, and can be used by officials to assist during on-site

447

2014-09-30 Issuance: Buildings-to-Grid Integration and Related...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial and Residential Buildings End-Use Equipment and Appliances May 2, 2014 Technical Meeting: Reference Guide for a Transaction-Based Building Controls Framework...

448

Instructions for Using Virtual Private Network (VPN)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Virtual Private Network (VPN) provides access to network drives and is recommended for use only from a EITS provided laptop.

449

VIRTUAL TRAINING CENTRE FOR SHOE DESIGN: A SAMPLE VIRTUAL TRAINING ENVIRONMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VIRTUAL TRAINING CENTRE FOR SHOE DESIGN: A SAMPLE VIRTUAL TRAINING ENVIRONMENT Aura Mihai1 , Mehmet@tex.tuiasi.ro Abstract It is a fact that virtual training has become a key issue in training. There are numerous virtual learning and training environments and, in parallel with this, there are various approaches and tools

Aristomenis, Antoniadis

450

Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Subscribe to Building Subscribe to Building America Updates to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Subscribe to Building America Updates on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education Climate-Specific Guidance

451

Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: Building Loads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: BuildingComparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: Buildingof comparing three Building Energy Modeling Programs (BEMPs)

Zhu, Dandan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Watfactory Virtual Manufacturing Process Varying Inputs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the virtual process: · Allows quick exploration (i.e. during a short course) of process improvement ideasWatfactory Virtual Manufacturing Process Machine 1 Machine 2 Machine 3 Stream 1 Machine B Stream 2 Inputs Can be Set by Stream z19, ..., z24 The Watfactory virtual process simulates a manufacturing

Zhu, Mu

453

3, 126, 2006 Virtual water highway  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Virtual water highway: water use efficiency in global food trade H. Yang the efficiency of the5 resource use embodied in the global virtual water trade from the perspectives of ex virtual water. The results suggest efficiency gains in the global food trade in terms of water resource

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

454

Virtual Observatories A New Era for Astronomy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Virtual Observatories A New Era for Astronomy Reinaldo R. de Carvalho DAS-INPE/MCT 2010 Wednesday, April 7, 2010 #12;Virtual Observatories A New Era for Astronomy Reinaldo R. de Carvalho DAS!;#--&$G !!!$ ! ' !"#$%&'&#()*! !!!$#%& !( $ ' !%&$ $ ! (% +#&,&'- .'/0&#,& Wednesday, April 7, 2010 #12;Virtual Observatories A New Era for Astronomy Reinaldo R. de

455

The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nets Network Virtualization Architecture Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de 05. Februar, 2014 Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture #12;..... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture #12

Schmid, Stefan

456

Virtualization in Automotive Embedded Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

W / PSA / Freescale - 3 Mastering complexity of automotive Electrical and Electronics (E/E) Systems #12Virtualization in Automotive Embedded Systems : an Outlook Nicolas Navet, RTaW Bertrand Delord, PSA;© 2010 RTaW / PSA / Freescale - 2 Outline 1. Automotive E/E Systems: mastering complexity 2. Ecosystems

Navet, Nicolas

457

Virtual platforms: breaking new grounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The case for developing and using virtual platforms (VPs) has now been made. If developers of complex HW/SW systems are not using VPs for their current design, complexity of next generation designs demands for their adoption. In addition, the users of ...

Rainer Leupers; Grant Martin; Roman Plyaskin; Andreas Herkersdorf; Frank Schirrmeister; Tim Kogel; Martin Vaupel

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Office Buildings - Full Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Office Buildings - Full Report Office Buildings - Full Report file:///C|/mydocs/CBECS2003/PBA%20report/office%20report/office_pdf.html[9/24/2010 3:33:25 PM] Although no one building type dominates the commercial buildings sector, office buildings are the most common and account for more than 800,000 buildings or 17 percent of total commercial buildings. Offices comprised more than 12 billion square feet of floorspace, 17 percent of total commercial floorspace, the most of any building type. Types of Office Buildings The 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables present data for office buildings along with other principal building activities (see Detailed Tables B13 and B14, for example). Since office buildings comprise a wide range of office-related activities, survey respondents were presented with a

459

Building Technologies Research and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building Technologies Research and Integration Center Breaking new ground in energy efficiency #12;Building Technologies Research To enjoy a sustainable energy and environmental future, America must these enormous challenges. Today, through the Building Technologies and Research Integration Center (BTRIC

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

460

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

low energy buildings, with site EUI of 40 or lowerbuildings in the US (EUI of 90 kBtu/ft). Thisthe bubble represents the EUI. These buildings were

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Building a Molecule Building Structures in Moe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

14 Chapter 3 Building a Molecule #12;15 Building Structures in Moe Dorzolamide Exercise 1 #12;16 Open the Molecule Builder · Open the Molecule Builder panel using MOE | Edit | Build | Molecule, the chiral center will be either R or S, and one of the two will be highlighted in green. The green

Fischer, Wolfgang

462

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: System Analyzer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

System Analyzer System Analyzer System Analyzer logo. Software package for load calculation and energy and economic comparative analysis. System Analyzer permits a quick evaluation of virtually any building, system, and equipment combination. Thus, it can be used either as a scoping tool to decide what systems may be appropriate for an initial design, or to get a general feeling of how one system/equipment combination may perform over another. If a certain combination seems especially promising, further analysis can be done by exporting inputs into TRACE 600. The possibilities are endless. And since the program is Windows-based, virtually anyone with minimal HVAC training and experience can use it. Keywords Energy analyses, load calculation, comparison of system and equipment

463

A System for Energy Saving in Commercial and Organizational Buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy consumption in commercial and organizational buildings with ... these buildings in order to achieve a sustainable energy saving. The method provides a direct control to ... behavior that is essential for e...

Hamid Abdi; Michael Fielding; James Mullins

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Building Technologies Office Overview  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Roland Risser Roland Risser Director, Building Technologies Office Building Technologies Office Energy Efficiency Starts Here. 2 Building Technologies Office Integrated Approach: Improving Building Performance Research & Development Developing High Impact Technologies Standards & Codes Locking in the Savings Market Stimulation Accelerating Tech-to- Market 3 Building Technologies Office Goal: Reduce building energy use by 50% (compared to a 2010 baseline) 4 Building Technologies Office Working to Overcome Challenges Information Access * Develop building performance tools, techniques, and success stories, such as case studies * Form market partnerships and programs to share best practices * Solution Centers * Certify the workforce to ensure quality work

465

Building Technologies Office: Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Resources to someone by Resources to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Resources on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Resources on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Resources on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Resources on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Resources on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Resources on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Challenge Home Partner Log In Become a Partner Criteria Partner Locator Resources Housing Innovation Awards Events Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals Technology Research, Standards, & Codes

466

Building Performance Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LEEDNCCertifiedBuildings (courtesyNewBuildingInstitute) Figure3MeasuredEnergyUseIntensitiesofBig?BoxRetailsinUSandCanada(

Hong, Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

GSA Building Energy Strategy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Rapid Building Assessments Green Button 12 Remote Building Analytics Platform First Fuel Dashboard 13 Data Center Ronald Reagan Detail Summary First Fuel Analysis 14...

468

Solar buildings. Overview: The Solar Buildings Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Buildings account for more than one third of the energy used in the United States each year, consuming vast amounts of electricity, natural gas, and fuel oil. Given this level of consumption, the buildings sector is rife with opportunity for alternative energy technologies. The US Department of Energy`s Solar Buildings Program was established to take advantage of this opportunity. The Solar Buildings Program is engaged in research, development, and deployment on solar thermal technologies, which use solar energy to produce heat. The Program focuses on technologies that have the potential to produce economically competitive energy for the buildings sector.

Not Available

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Commercial Building Commercial Building Codes and Standards to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Building Codes and Standards on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities Partner with DOE Commercial Buildings Resource Database Research & Development Codes & Standards Popular Commercial Links

470

Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building America 2013 Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research

471

Building Green in Greensburg: City Hall Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

City Hall Building City Hall Building Destroyed in the tornado, City Hall was completed in October 2009 and built to achieve the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED ® ) Platinum designation. The 4,700-square-foot building serves as a symbol of Greensburg's vitality and leadership in becoming a sustainable community where social, environmental, and economic concerns are held in balance. It houses the City's administrative offices and council chambers, and serves as a gathering place for town meetings and municipal court sessions. According to energy analysis modeling results, the new City Hall building is 38% more energy efficient than an ASHRAE-compliant building of the same size and shape. ENERGY EFFICIENCY FEATURES * A well-insulated building envelope with an

472

Building Technologies Office: Building America Meetings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Meetings Meetings Photo of people watching a presentation on a screen; the foreground shows a person's hands taking notes on a notepad. The Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program hosts open meetings and webinars for industry partners and stakeholders that provide a forum to exchange information about various aspects of residential building research. Upcoming Meetings Past Technical and Stakeholder Meetings Webinars Expert Meetings Upcoming Meetings There are no Building America meetings scheduled at this time. Please subscribe to Building America news and updates to receive notification of future meetings. Past Technical and Stakeholder Meetings Building America 2013 Technical Update Meeting: April 2013 This meeting showcased world-class building science research for high performance homes in a dynamic new format. Researchers from Building America teams and national laboratories presented on key issues that must be resolved to deliver homes that reduce whole house energy use by 30%-50%. View the presentations.

473

Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Neighborhood Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program logo. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program logo. The Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is helping over 40 competitively selected state and local governments develop sustainable programs to upgrade the energy efficiency of more than 100,000 buildings. These leading communities are using innovation and investment in energy efficiency to expand the building improvement industry, test program delivery business models, and create jobs. New Materials and Resources January 2014 Read the January issue of the Better Buildings Network View See the new story about Austin Energy Read the new Focus Series with Chicago's EI2 See the new webcast Read the latest DOE blog posts Get Inspired! Hear why Better Buildings partners are excited to bring the benefits of energy upgrades to their neighborhoods.

474

Building Green in Greensburg: Business Incubator Building  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Business Incubator Building Business Incubator Building Completed in May 2009, the SunChips ® Business Incubator building not only achieved the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED ® ) Platinum status with greater than 50% energy savings-it became the first LEED Platinum certified municipal building in Kansas. The 9,580-square-foot building features five street-level retail shops and nine second-level professional service offices. It provides an affordable, temporary home where businesses can grow over a period of several years before moving out on their own to make way for new start-up businesses. The building was funded by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Frito-Lay SunChips division, and actor Leonardo DiCaprio.

475

Office Buildings - Full Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PDF PDF Office Buildings Although no one building type dominates the commercial buildings sector, office buildings are the most common and account for more than 800,000 buildings or 17 percent of total commercial buildings. Offices comprised more than 12 billion square feet of floorspace, 17 percent of total commercial floorspace, the most of any building type. Types of Office Buildings The 2003 CBECS Detailed Tables present data for office buildings along with other principal building activities (see Detailed Tables B13 and B14, for example). Since office buildings comprise a wide range of office-related activities, survey respondents were presented with a follow-up list of specific office types to choose from. Although we have not presented the office sub-category information in the detailed tables we make information

476

building | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

building building Dataset Summary Description This dataset contains hourly load profile data for 16 commercial building types (based off the DOE commercial reference building models) and residential buildings (based off the Building America House Simulation Protocols). This dataset also includes the Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for statistical references of building types by location. Source Commercial and Residential Reference Building Models Date Released April 18th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated July 02nd, 2013 (5 months ago) Keywords building building demand building load Commercial data demand Energy Consumption energy data hourly kWh load profiles Residential Data Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually

477

Office Buildings - Energy Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Consumption Energy Consumption Office buildings consumed more than 17 percent of the total energy used by the commercial buildings sector (Table 4). At least half of total energy, electricity, and natural gas consumed by office buildings was consumed by administrative or professional office buildings (Figure 2). Table 4. Energy Consumed by Office Buildings for Major Fuels, 2003 All Buildings Total Energy Consumption (trillion Btu) Number of Buildings (thousand) Total Floorspace (million sq. ft.) Sum of Major Fuels Electricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat All Buildings 4,859 71,658 6,523 3,559 2,100 228 636 All Non-Mall Buildings 4,645 64,783 5,820 3,037 1,928 222 634 All Office Buildings 824 12,208 1,134 719 269 18 128 Type of Office Building

478

Google+ virtual field trip: "Vehicle Electrification" (11/18/13) | Argonne  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Google+ virtual field trip: "Vehicle Electrification" (11/18/13) Google+ virtual field trip: "Vehicle Electrification" (11/18/13) Share Topic Energy Energy efficiency Vehicles Electric drive technology Browse By - Any - Energy -Energy efficiency --Vehicles ---Alternative fuels ---Automotive engineering ---Diesel ---Electric drive technology ---Hybrid & electric vehicles ---Powertrain research --Building design ---Construction --Manufacturing -Energy sources --Renewable energy ---Bioenergy ---Solar energy --Fossil fuels ---Natural Gas --Nuclear energy ---Nuclear energy modeling & simulation ---Nuclear fuel cycle ---Reactors -Energy usage --Energy storage ---Batteries ----Lithium-ion batteries ----Lithium-air batteries --Electricity transmission --Smart Grid Environment -Biology --Computational biology --Environmental biology

479

Certain aspects of inventory control as one of the management tools for the retail lumber and building material dealer of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can determine his approximate purchases or iaventory necessary to make the desired salas quota. As a result, the lumbar and build- ing material dealer should be able to satis!y his customer wants, provide benefits of a healthy merchandise flow... Appendix A. 12 it is rather alarming that management allows such a large investment ~ t ltd. Atth P t tl, th U~tdf fA t- ~t d~t d th f th ~iltli d U ll A~tf U~tf *U l th lttt~ ~fd t . P *ll d for the classifications of sales and purchases...

Amason, Robert Daniel

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Business Models Guide, October 27, 2011.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "building controls virtual" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Building Technology MSc Programme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this programme is on the design of innovative and sustainable building components and their integration

Langendoen, Koen

482

Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

America America Climate-Specific Guidance to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building America Climate-Specific Guidance on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools Building Science Education

483

Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Better Buildings Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume Hood Specification to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume Hood Specification on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume Hood Specification on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume Hood Specification on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume Hood Specification on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume Hood Specification on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Better Buildings Alliance Laboratory Fume Hood Specification on AddThis.com...

484

Building Technologies Office: Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Buildings Performance Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Buildings Performance Database Analysis Tools on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides

485

Building Technologies Office: About the Commercial Buildings Integration  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

About the Commercial About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: About the Commercial Buildings Integration Program on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities Partner with DOE Commercial Buildings Resource Database

486

Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Data Exchange Specification  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Energy Data Building Energy Data Exchange Specification to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Data Exchange Specification on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Data Exchange Specification on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Data Exchange Specification on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Data Exchange Specification on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Data Exchange Specification on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building Energy Data Exchange Specification on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides

487

Commercial Buildings Consortium  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commercial Buildings Consortium Commercial Buildings Consortium Sandy Fazeli National Association of State Energy Officials sfazeli@naseo.org; 703-299-8800 ext. 17 April 2, 2013 Supporting Consortium for the U.S. Department of Energy Net-Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Initiative 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: * Many energy savings opportunities in commercial buildings remain untapped, underserved by the conventional "invest-design-build- operate" approach * The commercial buildings sector is siloed, with limited coordination

488

Residential Buildings Integration Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

David Lee David Lee Program Manager David.Lee@ee.doe.gov 202-287-1785 April 2, 2013 Residential Buildings Integration Program Building Technologies Office Program Peer Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Sub-Programs for Review Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Building America Challenge Home Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Solar Decathlon 3 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov How Residential Buildings Fits into BTO Research & Development * Develop technology roadmaps * Prioritize opportunities * Solicit and select innovative technology solutions * Collaborate with researchers

489

Residential Buildings Integration Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

David Lee David Lee Program Manager David.Lee@ee.doe.gov 202-287-1785 April 2, 2013 Residential Buildings Integration Program Building Technologies Office Program Peer Review 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Sub-Programs for Review Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Building America Challenge Home Home Energy Score Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Solar Decathlon 3 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov How Residential Buildings Fits into BTO Research & Development * Develop technology roadmaps * Prioritize opportunities * Solicit and select innovative technology solutions * Collaborate with researchers

490

Building a sense of community through online video  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Globalisation and web technologies have created unprecedented opportunities for worldwide collaboration. This paper will discuss prospects and challenges for building capacity and sharing resources through virtual communities by examining a case study, namely the US-China Virtual Symposium. Planned by Drexel University School of Education, a leader in distance education in the USA and Wainhouse Research, recognised experts in rich media communications, the goal of the virtual symposium was to create opportunities to collaborate across borders, share best practices, and build professional networks without the costs and constraints of travel. The project team selected different modes of communication including real-time and asynchronous interaction, presentations and panel discussions, as well as community building through forums, blogs, and video posting, but early on decided to use multimedia communications extensively in an effort to enhance community building and assist in cross-cultural communication. This paper discusses the challenges and successes in using video to enhance a global online community in the context of an online symposium.

Rebecca Clothey; Stacy Austin-Li

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Building Technologies Office: News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

News to someone by News to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: News on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: News on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: News on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: News on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: News on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: News on AddThis.com... Popular Links Success Stories Previous Next Lighten Energy Loads with System Design. Warming Up to Pump Heat. Cut Refrigerator Energy Use to Save Money. Tools EnergyPlus Whole Building Simulation Program Building Energy Software Tools Directory High Performance Buildings Database Financial Opportunities Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Funding Opportunities Tax Incentives for Residential Buildings

492

Buildings | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Buildings Buildings Jump to: navigation, search Building Energy Technologies NREL's New Energy-Efficient "RSF" Building Buildings provide shelter for nearly everything we do-we work, live, learn, govern, heal, worship, and play in buildings-and they require enormous energy resources. According to the U.S. Energy Information Agency, homes and commercial buildings use nearly three quarters of the electricity in the United States. Opportunities abound for reducing the huge amount of energy consumed by buildings, but discovering those opportunities requires compiling substantial amounts of data and information. The Buildings Energy Technologies gateway is your single source of freely accessible information on energy usage in the building industry as well as tools to improve

493

DOE - Better Building  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

U.S. Department of Energy | Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy logo U.S. Department of Energy | Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy logo EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Better Buildings Logo Better Buildings Update July 2013 Inside this edition: Highlights from the 2013 Efficiency Forum Recap: Better Buildings Summit for State & Local Communities Launching the Better Buildings Webinar Series Better Buildings Challenge Implementation Models and Showcase Projects Updated Better Buildings Websites New Members Highlights from the 2013 Efficiency Forum More than 170 people attended the second annual Better Buildings Efficiency Forum for commercial and higher education Partners in May at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado-the nation's largest net-zero energy office building. DOE thanks all Better Buildings Alliance Members and Better Buildings Challenge Partners that participated in the Efficiency Forum.

494

Food Service Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Service Service Characteristics by Activity... Food Service Food service buildings are those used for preparation and sale of food and beverages for consumption. Basic Characteristics [ See also: Equipment | Activity Subcategories | Energy Use ] Food Service Buildings... An overwhelming majority (72 percent) of food service buildings were small buildings (1,001 to 5,000 square feet). Tables: Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics Establishment, Employment, and Age Data by Characteristics Number of Food Service Buildings by Predominant Building Size Categories Figure showing number of food service buildings by size. If you need assistance viewing this page, please contact 202-586-8800. Equipment Table: Buildings, Size, and Age Data by Equipment Types Predominant Heating Equipment Types in Food Service Buildings

495

Sensors, Controls, & Transactional Network Reports  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Reports from the sensors, controls, and transactional network program. The transactional network is between appliances, buildings, and utilities, and can enable Smart Buildings -- buildings with technologies and control systems that can not only optimize energy performance and comfort, but also support energy-related transactions outside the building envelope.

496

Fact Sheet- Better Buildings Residential  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Fact Sheet - Better Buildings Residential, from U.S. Department of Energy, Better Buildings Neighborhood Program.

497

John Anderson Campus UNIVERSITY BUILDINGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

John Anderson Campus UNIVERSITY BUILDINGS 1 McCance Building 2 Collins Building 3 Livingstone Tower 4 Accommodation Office 5 Graham Hills Building 6 Turnbull Building 7 Royal College Building 8 Students' Union 9 Centre for Sport & Recreation 10 St Paul's Building/Chaplaincy 11 Thomas Graham Building

Mottram, Nigel

498

Building America System Research  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building America System Building America System Research Eric Werling, DOE Ren Anderson, NREL eric.werling@ee.doe.gov, 202-586-0410 ren.anderson@nrel.gov, 303-384-7443 April 2, 2013 Building America System Innovations: Accelerating Innovation in Home Energy Savings 2 | Program Name or Ancillary Text eere.energy.gov Project Relevance 3 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Building America Fills Market Need for a High-Performance Homes HUB of Innovation

499

Building Technologies Office: Building Science Education  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Science Education Science Education Photo of students investigating building enclosure moisture problems at a field testing facility in British Columbia. Students study moisture building enclosure issues at the Coquitlam Field Test facility in Vancouver, British Columbia. Credit: John Straube The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program recognizes that the education of future design/construction industry professionals in solid building science principles is critical to widespread development of high performance homes that are energy efficient, healthy, and durable. In November 2012, DOE met with leaders in the building science community to develop a strategic Building Science Education Roadmap that will chart a path for training skilled professionals who apply proven innovations and recognize the value of high performance homes. The roadmap aims to:

500

BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM CODE NOTES  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Demand Control Ventilation Demand Control Ventilation 2012 IECC A demand control ventilation (DCV) system is an integral part of a building's ventilation design. It adjusts outside ventilation air based on the number of occupants and the ventilation demands that those occupants create. In most commercial occupancies, ventilation is provided to deal with two types of indoor pollution: (1) odors from people, and (2) off-gassing from building components and furniture. When a space is vacant, it has no people pollution so the people-related ventilation rate is not needed. Many types of high-occupancy spaces, such as classrooms, multipurpose rooms, theaters, conference rooms, or lobbies have ventilation designed for a high peak occupancy that rarely occurs. Ventilation can be reduced