Sample records for building characteristics consumption

  1. A look at commercial buildings in 1995: Characteristics, energy consumption, and energy expenditures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The commercial sector consists of business establishments and other organizations that provide services. The sector includes service businesses, such as retail and wholesale stores, hotels and motels, restaurants, and hospitals, as well as a wide range of facilities that would not be considered commercial in a traditional economic sense, such as public schools, correctional institutions, and religious and fraternal organizations. Nearly all energy use in the commercial sector takes place in, or is associated with, the buildings that house these commercial activities. Analysis of the structures, activities, and equipment associated with different types of buildings is the clearest way to evaluate commercial sector energy use. The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) is a national-level sample survey of commercial buildings and their energy suppliers conducted quadrennially (previously triennially) by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The target population for the 1995 CBECS consisted of all commercial buildings in the US with more than 1,000 square feet of floorspace. Decision makers, businesses, and other organizations that are concerned with the use of energy--building owners and managers, regulators, legislative bodies and executive agencies at all levels of government, utilities and other energy suppliers--are confronted with a buildings sector that is complex. Data on major characteristics (e.g., type of building, size, year constructed, location) collected from the buildings, along with the amount and types of energy the buildings consume, help answer fundamental questions about the use of energy in commercial buildings.

  2. Commercial Buildings Characteristics, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992 presents statistics about the number, type, and size of commercial buildings in the United States as well as their energy-related characteristics. These data are collected in the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), a national survey of buildings in the commercial sector. The 1992 CBECS is the fifth in a series conducted since 1979 by the Energy Information Administration. Approximately 6,600 commercial buildings were surveyed, representing the characteristics and energy consumption of 4.8 million commercial buildings and 67.9 billion square feet of commercial floorspace nationwide. Overall, the amount of commercial floorspace in the United States increased an average of 2.4 percent annually between 1989 and 1992, while the number of commercial buildings increased an average of 2.0 percent annually.

  3. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey 2003 - Detailed Tables

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The tables contain information about energy consumption and expenditures in U.S. commercial buildings and information about energy-related characteristics of these buildings.

  4. Office Buildings - Energy Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug SepDecadeEnergy Consumption

  5. Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Building Operations and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Building Operations and Weather for a Medium between predicted and actual building energy consumption can be attributed to uncertainties introduced in energy consumption due to actual weather and building operational practices, using a simulation

  6. Energy consumption of building 39

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopeman, Lisa Maria

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The MIT community has embarked on an initiative to the reduce energy consumption and in accordance with the Kyoto Protocol. This thesis seeks to further expand our understanding of how the MIT campus consumes energy and ...

  7. Trends in energy use in commercial buildings -- Sixteen years of EIA's commercial buildings energy consumption survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, J.; Swenson, A.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) collects basic statistical information on energy consumption and energy-related characteristics of commercial buildings in the US. The first CBECS was conducted in 1979 and the most recent was completed in 1995. Over that period, the number of commercial bindings and total amount of floorspace increased, total consumption remained flat, and total energy intensity declined. By 1995, there were 4.6 million commercial buildings and 58.8 billion square feet of floorspace. The buildings consumed a total of 5.3 quadrillion Btu (site energy), with a total intensity of 90.5 thousand Btu per square foot per year. Electricity consumption exceeded natural gas consumption (2.6 quadrillion and 1.9 quadrillion Btu, respectively). In 1995, the two major users of energy were space heating (1.7 quadrillion Btu) and lighting (1.2 quadrillion Btu). Over the period 1979 to 1995, natural gas intensity declined from 71.4 thousand to 51.0 thousand Btu per square foot per year. Electricity intensity did not show a similar decline (44.2 thousand Btu per square foot in 1979 and 45.7 thousand Btu per square foot in 1995). Two types of commercial buildings, office buildings and mercantile and service buildings, were the largest consumers of energy in 1995 (2.0 quadrillion Btu, 38% of total consumption). Three building types, health care, food service, and food sales, had significantly higher energy intensities. Buildings constructed since 1970 accounted for half of total consumption and a majority (59%) of total electricity consumption.

  8. Research on Building Energy Consumption Situation in Shanghai 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, X.; Tan, H.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper surveys the present situation of building energy consumption in Shanghai and points out the problems of insufficient energy consumption statistics based on the survey data. We analyze the relationships of energy consumption between...

  9. Research on Building Energy Consumption Situation in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, X.; Tan, H.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper surveys the present situation of building energy consumption in Shanghai and points out the problems of insufficient energy consumption statistics based on the survey data. We analyze the relationships of energy consumption between...

  10. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25,9,1996 N Y M E Building8)Data Reports

  11. Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2001). "Residential Energy Consumption Survey." 2006, fromCommercial Building Energy Consumption Survey." from http://Total Building Energy Consumption (Trillion BTU/yr) Area,

  12. Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andof Residential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan ZhouResidential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou*,

  13. Energy Information Agency's 2003 Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey Tables

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy use intensities in commercial buildings vary widely and depend on activity and climate, as shown in this data table, which was derived from the Energy Information Agency's 2003 Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey.

  14. Evolutionary Tuning of Building Models to Monthly Electrical Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    % of the world's primary energy and contributes 21% of the world's greenhouse gas emissions (DOE Buildings Data Book 2011). The largest sector of energy consumption is the ~119 million buildings in the US which New, PhD Theodore Chandler Member ASHRAE ABSTRACT Building energy models of existing buildings

  15. Classification of Energy Consumption in Buildings with Outlier Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Xin

    . Then a canonical variate analysis is employed to describe latent variables of daily electricity consumption is used to predict the daily electricity consumption profiles. A case study, based on a mixed use consumption data within a buildings energy management system. Electrical peak load forecasting plays

  16. Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Building Operations and Weather for a Medium-Size Office Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Liping

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Buildingand actual building energy consumption can be attributed touncertainties in energy consumption due to actual weather

  17. Building Technologies Research and Integration Center Reducing the energy consumption of the nation's buildings is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    2/21/2011 Building Technologies Research and Integration Center Reducing the energy consumption of the nation's buildings is essential for achieving a sustainable clean energy future and will be an enormous challenge. Buildings account for 40% of the nation's carbon emissions and the consumption of 40% of our

  18. 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption - What is an RSE

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2003 Detailed Tables > What is an RSE? What is an RSE? The estimates in the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) are based on data reported by representatives of...

  19. Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2001). "Residential Energy Consumption Survey." 2006, fromCommercial Building Energy Consumption Survey." from http://Scale window-related energy consumption to account for new

  20. Reducing Occupant-Controlled Electricity Consumption in Campus Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doudna, Jennifer A.

    2010 Reducing Occupant-Controlled Electricity Consumption in Campus Buildings Kill­09 and is expected to spend more than $17.1 million in 2009­10. In an effort to reduce electricity consumption; 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY UC Berkeley spent $16.39 million on purchased electricity in 2008

  1. Energy consumption metrics of MIT buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Justin David

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With world energy demand on the rise and greenhouse gas levels breaking new records each year, lowering energy consumption and improving energy efficiency has become vital. MIT, in a mission to help improve the global ...

  2. The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou,Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China* Nan Zhou, 1whether and how the energy consumption trend can be changed

  3. Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction for New Federal Buildings and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document details Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction for New Federal Buildings and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings in a Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking.

  4. Dynamic Simulation and Analysis of Factors Impacting the Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lian, Y.; Hao, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings have a close relationship with climate. There are a lot of important factors that influence building energy consumption such as building shape coefficient, insulation work of building envelope, covered area, and the area ratio of window...

  5. Dynamic Simulation and Analysis of Factors Impacting the Energy Consumption of Residential Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lian, Y.; Hao, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings have a close relationship with climate. There are a lot of important factors that influence building energy consumption such as building shape coefficient, insulation work of building envelope, covered area, and the area ratio of window...

  6. Development of Energy Consumption Database Management System of Existing Large Public Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Y.; Zhang, J.; Sun, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The statistic data of energy consumption are the base of analyzing energy consumption. The scientific management method of energy consumption data and the development of database management system plays an important role in building energy...

  7. Development of Energy Consumption Database Management System of Existing Large Public Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Y.; Zhang, J.; Sun, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The statistic data of energy consumption are the base of analyzing energy consumption. The scientific management method of energy consumption data and the development of database management system plays an important role in building energy...

  8. Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings Total energy consumption trends for the JapaneseFigure 9. Total energy consumption trends i n the JapaneseFigure 10. Energy consumption intensity trends i n Japanese

  9. Impacts of Climate Change on Energy Consumption and Peak Demand in Buildings: A Detailed Regional Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dirks, James A.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Hathaway, John E.; Skorski, Daniel C.; Scott, Michael J.; Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Huang, Maoyi; Liu, Ying; Rice, Jennie S.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of numerous commercial and residential building simulations, with the purpose of examining the impact of climate change on peak and annual building energy consumption over the portion of the Eastern Interconnection (EIC) located in the United States. The climate change scenario considered (IPCC A2 scenario as downscaled from the CASCaDE data set) has changes in mean climate characteristics as well as changes in the frequency and duration of intense weather events. This investigation examines building energy demand for three annual periods representative of climate trends in the CASCaDE data set at the beginning, middle, and end of the century--2004, 2052, and 2089. Simulations were performed using the Building ENergy Demand (BEND) model which is a detailed simulation platform built around EnergyPlus. BEND was developed in collaboration with the Platform for Regional Integrated Modeling and Analysis (PRIMA), a modeling framework designed to simulate the complex interactions among climate, energy, water, and land at decision-relevant spatial scales. Over 26,000 building configurations of different types, sizes, vintages, and, characteristics which represent the population of buildings within the EIC, are modeled across the 3 EIC time zones using the future climate from 100 locations within the target region, resulting in nearly 180,000 spatially relevant simulated demand profiles for each of the 3 years. In this study, the building stock characteristics are held constant based on the 2005 building stock in order to isolate and present results that highlight the impact of the climate signal on commercial and residential energy demand. Results of this analysis compare well with other analyses at their finest level of specificity. This approach, however, provides a heretofore unprecedented level of specificity across multiple spectrums including spatial, temporal, and building characteristics. This capability enables the ability to perform detailed hourly impact studies of building adaptation and mitigation strategies on energy use and electricity peak demand within the context of the entire grid and economy.

  10. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0Proved ReservesBuildings Use Tables (24

  11. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0Proved ReservesBuildings Use Tables

  12. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0Proved ReservesBuildings Use

  13. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0Proved ReservesBuildings UseEnd-Use

  14. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0Proved ReservesBuildings

  15. Nonresidential buildings energy consumption survey: 1979 consumption and expenditures. Part 2. Steam, fuel oil, LPG, and all fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patinkin, L.

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents data on square footage and on total energy consumption and expenditures for commercial buildings in the contiguous United States. Also included are detailed consumption and expenditures tables for fuel oil or kerosene, liquid petroleum gas (LPG), and purchased steam. Commercial buildings include all nonresidential buildings with the exception of those where industrial activities occupy more of the total square footage than any other type of activity. 7 figures, 23 tables.

  16. Scenario analysis of retrofit strategies for reducing energy consumption in Norwegian office buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engblom, Lisa A. (Lisa Allison)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Model buildings were created for simulation to describe typical office buildings from different construction periods. A simulation program was written to predict the annual energy consumption of the buildings in their ...

  17. Energy consumption characterization as an input to building management and performance benchmarking - a case study PPT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardo, H.; Neves, L.; Oliveira, F.; Quintal, E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    performance characterization of each of its buildings, looking specifically at the typology of canteen. Developing building energy performance benchmarking systems enables the comparison of actual consumption of individual buildings against others of the same...

  18. A Look at the U.S. Commercial Building Stock: Results from EIA's 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2012 CBECS collected building characteristics data from more than 6,700 U.S. commercial buildings. This report highlights findings from the survey, with details presented in the Building Characteristics tables.

  19. A Parallel Statistical Learning Approach to the Prediction of Building Energy Consumption Based on Large Datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Parallel Statistical Learning Approach to the Prediction of Building Energy Consumption Based consumption of buildings based on historical performances is an important approach to achieve energy efficiency. A simulation method is here introduced to obtain sufficient clean historical consumption data

  20. The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Consumption Patterns in Chinese Households,” in the Proceedings of 2002 ACEEE Summer Studies on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Asilamor, California, USA,

  1. Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Conservation Evaluation of a Commercial Building in Shanghai 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, C.; Pan, Y.; Huang, Z.; Wu, G.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper presents a model of a commercial building in Shanghai with energy simulation software, and after calibration, the energy consumption of this building is calculated. On the basis of the simulation and calculation, a series of energy saving...

  2. An Operational Energy Consumption Evaluation Index System for Large Public Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Y.; Zhang, J.; Sun, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large public buildings have been the emphasis of energy conservation in China. In this paper, the design and operational energy consumption evaluation indices for large public buildings are generalized, their differences and deficiencies...

  3. Research on the Statistical Method of Energy Consumption for Public Buildings in China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, S.; Li, N.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this research is to develop a national statistical system for energy consumption data for public buildings in China, in order to provide data support for building energy efficiency work. The framework for a national statistical system...

  4. Methodology to Analyze the Sensitivity of Building Energy Consumption to HVAC System Sensor Error 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Liang

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis proposes a methodology for determining sensitivity of building energy consumption of HVAC systems to sensor error. It is based on a series of simulations of a generic building, the model for which is based on several typical input...

  5. Implementation of Simple Measures for Savings Water and Energy Consumption in Kuwait Government Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albaharani, H.; Al-Mulla, A.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper gives in details the efforts made by the Public Services Department (PSD) to reduce water and energy consumptions in the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour's (MOSAL) buildings in Kuwait. PSD manages around 125 buildings distributed...

  6. Research on the Statistical Method of Energy Consumption for Public Buildings in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, S.; Li, N.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this research is to develop a national statistical system for energy consumption data for public buildings in China, in order to provide data support for building energy efficiency work. The framework for a national statistical system...

  7. Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Conservation Evaluation of a Commercial Building in Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, C.; Pan, Y.; Huang, Z.; Wu, G.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper presents a model of a commercial building in Shanghai with energy simulation software, and after calibration, the energy consumption of this building is calculated. On the basis of the simulation and calculation, a series of energy saving...

  8. Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential and Commercial Building Stock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building Heating Loads (Trillion BTU/yr) Total BuildingCooling Loads (Trillion BTU/yr) Non. Wind Infilt SHGC Wind.Energy Consumption (Trillion BTU/yr) Area, Window Window

  9. Using occupancy to reduce energy consumption of buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balaji, Bharathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Driven Energy Management for Smart Building Automation” InDriven Energy Management for Smart Building Au- tomation” Innetwork for all our smart building solutions. For this we

  10. The Building Energy Report Card is used to compare the actual annual energy consumption of buildings to a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    's area (Gross Square Feet or GSF). The report card accounts for all forms of energy used in a building.e. kBtu) and is divided by the building's area to proved a unit of energy intensity which is expressedThe Building Energy Report Card is used to compare the actual annual energy consumption

  11. Using occupancy to reduce energy consumption of buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balaji, Bharathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    network for all our smart building solutions. For this weDriven Energy Management for Smart Building Automation” Inused in a variety of smart building scenarios. In terms of

  12. Web-Based Method to Generate Specific Energy Consumption Data for the Evaluation and Optimization of Building Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, A.; Wambsgan, M.; Froehlich, S.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    about energy consumptionand specific data especially in large building stocks?user complaints and energy consumption arerarely considered in building operation?reduction of energy consumption and operation costsas well as ensuring a high work space... consumption specific heating energy consumption buildings with additional technical usage (control room)without arithmetic mean consumption related to the heated net floor area; data measured one full year: 02-2001 to 02-2002 specific yearly energy...

  13. Improved Building Energy Consumption with the Help of Modern ICT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pietilainen, J.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kyoto process and the global combat against climate change will require more intensive energy saving efforts especially in all developed countries. Key for the success in building sector is the energy efficiency of the existing building stock...

  14. Using occupancy to reduce energy consumption of buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balaji, Bharathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Smart Building Automation” In Proceedings of the ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-EfficiencySmart Building Automation” In Proceedings of the ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-EfficiencySmart Building Au- tomation” In Proceedings of the ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-Efficiency

  15. Analysis of the Effects of the Application of Solar Water Heater in Building Energy Consumption 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, J.; Li, Z.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the development of the economy, civilian construction in the Changjiang River delta region is rapidly expanding. The boom in the construction industry definitely results in that the proportion of building energy consumption to whole energy...

  16. Investigation and Analysis of Summer Energy Consumption of Energy Efficient Residential Buildings in Xi'an 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, B.; Yan, Z.; Gui, Z.; He, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tests and questionnaire surveys on the summer energy consumption structure of 100 energy efficient residential buildings have been performed in a certain residential district in Xi'an, China. The relationship between the formation of the energy...

  17. Indoor Conditions Study and Impact on the Energy Consumption for a Large Commercial Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catalina, T.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that were studied using dynamic simulations. The article provides interesting insights of the building indoor conditions (summer/winter comfort), humidity, air temperature, mean operative temperature and energy consumption using hourly climate data. A...

  18. Analysis of the Effects of the Application of Solar Water Heater in Building Energy Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, J.; Li, Z.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the development of the economy, civilian construction in the Changjiang River delta region is rapidly expanding. The boom in the construction industry definitely results in that the proportion of building energy consumption to whole energy...

  19. Investigation and Analysis of Summer Energy Consumption of Energy Efficient Residential Buildings in Xi'an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, B.; Yan, Z.; Gui, Z.; He, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tests and questionnaire surveys on the summer energy consumption structure of 100 energy efficient residential buildings have been performed in a certain residential district in Xi'an, China. The relationship between the formation of the energy...

  20. VIBRATION CHARACTERISTICS OF AN APS LAB FACILITY IN BUILDING...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    VIBRATION CHARACTERISTICS OF AN APS LAB FACILITY IN BUILDING 401 by T. J. Royston, Summer Faculty Participant Experimental Facilities Division, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne...

  1. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fridley, David; Fridley, David G.; Zheng, Nina; Zhou, Nan

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings represent an increasingly important component of China's total energy consumption mix. However, accurately assessing the total volume of energy consumed in buildings is difficult owing to deficiencies in China's statistical collection system and a lack of national surveys. Official statistics suggest that buildings account for about 19% of China's total energy consumption, while others estimate the proportion at 23%, rising to 30% over the next few years. In addition to operational energy, buildings embody the energy used in the in the mining, extraction, harvesting, processing, manufacturing and transport of building materials as well as the energy used in the construction and decommissioning of buildings. This embodied energy, along with a building's operational energy, constitutes the building's life-cycle energy and emissions footprint. This report first provides a review of international studies on commercial building life-cycle energy use from which data are derived to develop an assessment of Chinese commercial building life-cycle energy use, then examines in detail two cases for the development of office building operational energy consumption to 2020. Finally, the energy and emissions implications of the two cases are presented.

  2. Using occupancy to reduce energy consumption of buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balaji, Bharathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This technique, called Non-Intrusive Load Monitor- ing(NILM)loads in a building is Non- Intrusive Load Monitoring(NILM)[

  3. Simulation and Analysis of Energy Consumption of Public Building in Chongquig 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, G.; Lu, J.; Chen, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Calculation and analysis of energy consumption must be on the base of simulation of building load. DeST is adopted to calculate dynamic cooling load of the main building in Chongqing city. Then water chilling unit's plant capability is checked...

  4. Dynamic Simulation and Analysis of Heating Energy Consumption in a Residential Building 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, J.; Yang, M.; Zhao, X.; Zhu, N.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In winter, much of the building energy is used for heating in the north region of China. In this study, the heating energy consumption of a residential building in Tianjin during a heating period was simulated by using the EnergyPlus energy...

  5. Dynamic Simulation and Analysis of Heating Energy Consumption in a Residential Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, J.; Yang, M.; Zhao, X.; Zhu, N.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In winter, much of the building energy is used for heating in the north region of China. In this study, the heating energy consumption of a residential building in Tianjin during a heating period was simulated by using the EnergyPlus energy...

  6. Simulation and Analysis of Energy Consumption of Public Building in Chongquig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, G.; Lu, J.; Chen, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Calculation and analysis of energy consumption must be on the base of simulation of building load. DeST is adopted to calculate dynamic cooling load of the main building in Chongqing city. Then water chilling unit's plant capability is checked...

  7. End-use energy consumption estimates for US commercial buildings, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Belzer, D.B.; Wrench, L.E.; Marsh, T.L. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An accurate picture of how energy is used in the nation`s stock of commercial buildings can serve a variety of program planning and policy needs within the Department of Energy, by utilities, and other groups seeking to improve the efficiency of energy use in the building sector. This report describes an estimation of energy consumption by end use based upon data from the 1989 Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS). The methodology used in the study combines elements of engineering simulations and statistical analysis to estimate end-use intensities for heating, cooling, ventilation, lighting, refrigeration, hot water, cooking, and miscellaneous equipment. Billing data for electricity and natural gas were first decomposed into weather and nonweather dependent loads. Subsequently, Statistical Adjusted Engineering (SAE) models were estimated by building type with annual data. The SAE models used variables such as building size, vintage, climate region, weekly operating hours, and employee density to adjust the engineering model predicted loads to the observed consumption. End-use consumption by fuel was estimated for each of the 5,876 buildings in the 1989 CBECS. The report displays the summary results for eleven separate building types as well as for the total US commercial building stock.

  8. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Trends in Energy Consumption...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    use of the four major sources and other energy sources (e.g., district chilled water, solar, wood). Energy consumed in commercial buildings is a significant fraction of that...

  9. Simulation Models to Optimize the Energy Consumption of Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burhenne, S.; Jacob, D.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In practice, building operation systems are only adjusted during commissioning. This is done manually and leads to failure-free but often inefficient operation. This work deals with the development of simulation models to describe and optimize...

  10. Using occupancy to reduce energy consumption of buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balaji, Bharathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Response The demand response actions give building managersdemand response (DR) events are handled in our system. Both end users and buildingbuilding managers to actuate the plug loads in case of a demand response

  11. Evolutionary Tuning of Building Models to Monthly Electrical Consumption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrett, Aaron [Jacksonville State University] [Jacksonville State University; New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL] [ORNL; Chandler, Theodore [Jacksonville State University] [Jacksonville State University

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building energy models of existing buildings are unreliable unless calibrated so they correlate well with actual energy usage. Calibrating models is costly because it is currently an art which requires significant manual effort by an experienced and skilled professional. An automated methodology could significantly decrease this cost and facilitate greater adoption of energy simulation capabilities into the marketplace. The Autotune project is a novel methodology which leverages supercomputing, large databases of simulation data, and machine learning to allow automatic calibration of simulations to match measured experimental data on commodity hardware. This paper shares initial results from the automated methodology applied to the calibration of building energy models (BEM) for EnergyPlus (E+) to reproduce measured monthly electrical data.

  12. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) - Analysis &

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4Consumption TheX I A O J I E

  13. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) - Analysis &

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4Consumption TheX I A O J I EProjections

  14. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) - Analysis &

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4Consumption TheX I A O J I

  15. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) - U.S. Energy

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4Consumption TheX I A O J

  16. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) - U.S. Energy

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4Consumption TheX I A O JInformation

  17. Planning ahead : characteristics of versatile buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahler, Stephen N

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If a building is to maintain its life-long usefulness it must be possible to alter it to accommodate different programmatic demands. This thesis investigates the spatial and material character that facilitates this ...

  18. Data Visualization for Quality-Check Purposes of Monitored Electricity Consumption in All Office Buildings in the ESL Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sreshthaputra, A.; Abushakra, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report comprises an effort to visualize the monitored electricity consumption in all office buildings (not including the office buildings comprising other functions as classrooms and laboratories, for instance) in the ESL database. This data...

  19. Simulation Models to Optimize the Energy Consumption of Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burhenne, S.; Jacob, D.

    of building simulation important parameters are the occupancy and the control parameters. For a simple zone model the simple hourly method (SHM) according to ISO 13790 is used. This zone model is based on a five resistances and one capacitance (5R1C...) model (Figure 5). Figure 5. Five resistances, one capacitance (5R1C) model [ISO 13790:2007, p. 29] According to ISO 13790 the intention of the simple hourly method is to have a transparent, reproducible and robust model with a limited...

  20. 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey Detailed Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25,9,1996 N Y M E Building8)Data Reports

  1. An Operational Energy Consumption Evaluation Index System for Large Public Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Y.; Zhang, J.; Sun, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Building Commissioning for Energy Efficiency and Comfort Vol.VII-2-2 An Operational Energy Consumption Evaluation Index System for Large Public Buildings1..., indexes system 1. PREFACE With the continuous development of urbanization level, the lack of energy and the increasing of society?s requirement for energy has become one of the prominent contradictions restricting the development of society...

  2. A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Xiaofan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    architecture that provides fine-grained real-time visibility into building energy consumption enables significant and sustainablearchitecture, to create actionable views of energy usages, which lead to significant and sustainablearchitecture for local energy generation, distribution, and sharing. IEEE Conference on Global Sustainable

  3. A Re-examination of the NBI LEED Building Energy Consumption Study John H. Scofield, Oberlin College, Oberlin, OH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scofield, John H.

    of the data, reach different conclusions. We find that the average energy consumption by LEED certifiedA Re-examination of the NBI LEED Building Energy Consumption Study John H. Scofield, Oberlin. Eliminating high- and low-energy PBA's from both data sets yields "medium-energy" building subsets free

  4. Field Measurements of Cooling Energy Consumption in a Multi-Zone Office Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidell, J. A.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Data surnmari zing end-use energy consumption are valuable to identify actual consumption patterns and to help confirm or refute common expectations and/or the results of thermal simulations. The Sigma IV metering research project indicates... be directly compared. Tilo significant difficulties were encountered in modeling the Sigma IV building for ti~is study. Both involve limitations of the ability of DOE 2.18 to model the performance of heat pumps. The first, and the r11or;t critical...

  5. Power Signatures as Characteristics of Commercial and Related Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, M.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    at many levels? Readers interested in collecting energy data for commercial buildings should consider this classification scheme as a starting point for or- ganizing data on physical characteristics to assist in making comparisons between buildings... aimed at providing equivalent information, and power signa- tures extend component analysis to allow comparisons of dif- ferent time steps. For both component analysis and power signatures (or other methods), development of an under- standing...

  6. Using Utility Bills and Average Daily Energy Consumption to Target Commissioning Efforts and Track Building Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sellers, D.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using Utility Bills and Average Daily Energy Consumption to Target Commissioning Efforts and Track Building Performance By: David Sellers, Senior Engineer, Portland Energy Conservation Inc, Portland, Oregon ABSTRACT This paper discusses using basic... by contacting the author at: Dsellers@peci.org www.peci.org Phone: - 503-248-4636 extension 224 Mailing address through August 3, 2001 Portland Energy Conservation, Inc. 921 SW Washington Street Suite 312 Portland, Oregon 97205 Mailing address after August 3...

  7. An overview of building morphological characteristics derived from 3D building databases.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, M. J. (Michael J.); Burian, S. J. (Steven J.); Linger, S. P. (Steve P.); Velugubantla, S. P. (Srinivas, P.); Ratti, Carlo

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Varying levels of urban canopy parameterizations are frequently employed in atmospheric transport and dispersion codes in order to better account for the urban effect on the meteorology and diffusion. Many of these urban parameterizations need building-related parameters as input. Derivation of these building parameters has often relied on in situ 'measurements', a time-consuming and expensive process. Recently, 3D building databases have become more common for major cities worldwide and provide the hope of a more efficient route to obtaining building statistics. In this paper, we give an overview of computations we have performed for obtaining building morphological characteristics from 3D building databases for several southwestern US cities, including Los Angeles, Salt Lake City, and Phoenix.

  8. Energy Consumption Measuring and Diagnostic Analysis of Air-conditioning Water System in a Hotel Building in Harbin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, T.; Zhang, J.; Li, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces an air-conditioning water system in a hotel building in Harbin, finishes its air-conditioning energy consumption measurement in summer conditions, and presents an estimation index of performance of chiller, pump and motor...

  9. Influence of Transfer Efficiency of the Outdoor Pipe Network and Boiler Operating Efficiency on the Building Heat Consumption Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, X.; Wang, Z.; Liu, H.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper analyzes the influence of transfer efficiency of the outdoor pipe network and operating efficiency of the boiler on the building heat consumption index, on the premise of saving up to 65 percent energy in different climates. The results...

  10. Energy Consumption Status of Public Buildings and the Analysis of the Potential on Energy Efficiency in Xiamen 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pei, X.; Zhang, S.; Chen, L.; Zhang, X.; Chen, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on the survey on the preset and applied situation of the central air conditioning systems in public buildings in Xiamen, this paper analyzes the status of energy consumption, and indicates the irrational aspects of operation and management...

  11. Use of Computer Simulation to Reduce the Energy Consumption in a Tall Office Building in Dubai-UAE 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu-Hijleh, B.; Abu-Dakka, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    increasing the cooling load due to its heat dissipation. Proper design for the maximization of natural light helps reduce the use of artificial lights and results in reduction in the buildings energy consumption. Computer simulation of the lighting and energy...

  12. Energy Consumption Status of Public Buildings and the Analysis of the Potential on Energy Efficiency in Xiamen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pei, X.; Zhang, S.; Chen, L.; Zhang, X.; Chen, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on the survey on the preset and applied situation of the central air conditioning systems in public buildings in Xiamen, this paper analyzes the status of energy consumption, and indicates the irrational aspects of operation and management...

  13. Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    comparison o f energy consumption i n housing (1998) (Trends i n household energy consumption (Jyukankyo Research4) Average (N=2976) Energy consumption [GJ / household-year

  14. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China’sof China’s total energy consumption mix. However, accuratelyof China’s total energy consumption, while others estimate

  15. Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Nishida, Masaru; Gao, Weijun

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China's rapid economic expansion has propelled it into the ranks of the largest energy consuming nation in the world, with energy demand growth continuing at a pace commensurate with its economic growth. Even though the rapid growth is largely attributable to heavy industry, this in turn is driven by rapid urbanization process, by construction materials and equipment produced for use in buildings. Residential energy is mostly used in urban areas, where rising incomes have allowed acquisition of home appliances, as well as increased use of heating in southern China. The urban population is expected to grow by 20 million every year, accompanied by construction of 2 billion square meters of buildings every year through 2020. Thus residential energy use is very likely to continue its very rapid growth. Understanding the underlying drivers of this growth helps to identify the key areas to analyze energy efficiency potential, appropriate policies to reduce energy use, as well as to understand future energy in the building sector. This paper provides a detailed, bottom-up analysis of residential building energy consumption in China using data from a wide variety of sources and a modeling effort that relies on a very detailed characterization of China's energy demand. It assesses the current energy situation with consideration of end use, intensity, and efficiency etc, and forecast the future outlook for the critical period extending to 2020, based on assumptions of likely patterns of economic activity, availability of energy services, technology improvement and energy intensities.

  16. Potential for the Use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts to Reduce Energy Consumption and Provide Energy and Cost Savings in Non-Building Applications

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document provides information about using energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs) to reduce energy consumption and provide energy and cost savings in non-building applications.

  17. Estimates of Energy Consumption by Building Type and End Use at U.S. Army Installations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konopacki, S.J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4. Figure 5-5. 1993 Electricity Consumption Estimates by EndkWh/ft ) 1993 Electricity Consumption Estimates by End Useof Total) 1993 Electricity Consumption Estimates by End Use

  18. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    electricity, oil and coal consumption, offset by increasedsaved in electricity, oil and gas consumption, offset by 2.4energy consumption by fuel type. Natural gas, oil and some

  19. The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    whether and how the energy consumption trend can be changedenergy consumption has grown more rapidly than GDP in the last five years. If the recent trend

  20. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    construction,” Energy and Buildings 20: 205–217. Chau 2007.management in China,” Energy and Buildings (forthcoming).addition to operational energy, buildings embody the energy

  1. The Reality and Future Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2006. “Strengthening the Building Energy Efficiency (BEE)Of The Impacts Of Building Energy Efficiency Policies Andcommercial building, energy intensity, energy efficiency,

  2. A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Xiaofan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    9 RadLab as a Green Building Testbed 9.126] Autodesk. Autodesk Green Building Studio. http://David Culler. Enabling green building applications. In The

  3. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Central Government Buildings. ” Available at: http://Energy Commission, PIER Building End-Use Energy Efficiencythe total lifecycle of a building such as petroleum and

  4. Energy Consumption Characteristics of Light Manufacturing Facilities in The Northern Plains: A Study of Detailed Data from 10 Industrial Energy Audits Conducted in 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Twedt, M.; Bassett, K.

    was $0.46/ccf of natural gas and $O.053IkWh of electricity. Natural Gas Consumption Of the total natural gas consumption, steam processes used the largest quantity with 48 percent, followed closely by space heating with 45 percent. The remaining 7... natural gas consumption. The large space heating loads warranted extensive evaluation of the building's thermal envelope for improved heat loss resistance. Electrical Consumption The electricity consumption for the plants (Table 3) was divided...

  5. A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Xiaofan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consumption, typical load (power) profile, and time spent inby plug-load meters provides detailed power profiles of

  6. Please cite this article in press as: T. Zhang, et al., Modelling electricity consumption in office buildings: An agent based approach. Energy Buildings (2011), doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2011.07.007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    Please cite this article in press as: T. Zhang, et al., Modelling electricity consumption in office behaviour, to simulate the electricity consumption in office buildings. Based on a case study, we use office electricity consumption problems. This paper theoretically contributes to an integration

  7. A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Xiaofan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3 System Architecture 3.1 Building as a2.1 Energy Flows in Buildings . . . . . . . . 2.1.1 Electric2.3.2 Networking . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4 Building Energy

  8. Experimental study of lube oil characteristics in the PCV system and effects on engine oil consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Oscar, 1980-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Engine oil consumption is an important source of hydrocarbon and particulate emissions in modem automobile engines. Great efforts have been made by automotive manufacturers to minimize the impact of oil consumption on ...

  9. Total and Peak Energy Consumption Minimization of Building HVAC Systems Using Model Predictive Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    optimal control design for HVAC systems,’’ in Proc. Dynamicelectricity consumption in hvac using learning- based model-algorithm design for hvac systems in energy efficient

  10. Energy consumption characterization as an input to building management and performance benchmarking - a case study PPT 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardo, H.; Neves, L.; Oliveira, F.; Quintal, E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present paper aims at describing the methodology and presents some final results of a work developed in the field of building energy benchmarking applied to the buildings of the Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, based on a thorough energy...

  11. A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Xiaofan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Monitoring and 2.2.1 Building Management Systems .energy flows in buildings and an overview of existing monitoring and management solutions in the previous chapter, we now take a more systems

  12. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Case 25 Figure 9 CO2 Emissions from Commercial Buildings (27 Figure 12 CO2 Emissions by Sector (Primary Energy,16 Office Building CO2 Emissions (Reference Case, Primary

  13. Experiences on the Implementation of the 'Energy Balance' Methodology as a Data Quality Control Tool: Application to the Building Energy Consumption of a Large University Campus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Sakurai, Y.; Masuda, H.; Feinauer, D.; Liu, J.; Ji, J.; Claridge, D. E.; Deng, S.; Bruner, H.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the energy costs have been increasing the more energy efficient measures have been promoted in the buildings sector, the reliability of energy consumption data has been attracting significant attention. For example, the reliability...

  14. Experiences on the Implementation of the 'Energy Balance' Methodology as a Data Quality Control Tool: Application to the Building Energy Consumption of a Large University Campus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Sakurai, Y.; Masuda, H.; Feinauer, D.; Liu, J.; Ji, J.; Claridge, D. E.; Deng, S.; Bruner, H.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the energy costs have been increasing the more energy efficient measures have been promoted in the buildings sector, the reliability of energy consumption data has been attracting significant attention. For example, the reliability...

  15. Types of Lighting in Commercial Buildings - Lighting Characteristics

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    -High Pressure Sodium 50-124 29,000 22 1,900-2,200 Source: 2008 Buildings Energy Data Book, Table 5.6.9, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department...

  16. The frequency of total use of manual and automatic low-consumption fixtures in the Langford Architecture Building at Texas A&M University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Woo Sung

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    . The performance of low-consumption fixtures has become an important issue for facilities managers because the water saving by retrofitting low-consumption fixtures is significant. The fixtures in the Langford Architecture Building A, Texas A&M University were used...

  17. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3A. Total Electricity Consumption and Expenditures for All Buildings, 2003 All Buildings Using Electricity Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures Number of Buildings...

  18. Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LPG is a major energy source, while coal and electricity arethe total residential energy and coal is the dominant fuel.1 Residential Energy consumption by End-use Coal Renewables

  19. Energy Consumption, Efficiency, Conservation, and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Japan's Building Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    more than 21 G J are referred to as "heat supply" businessesunder the Heat Supply Business L a w . The first districtE E R = A n n u a l heat supply/annual energy consumption

  20. A High-Fidelity Energy Monitoring and Feedback Architecture for Reducing Electrical Consumption in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Xiaofan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    building. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .SCADA is a supervisoryInc. http://www.campbellsci.com/scada. [6] DOE-2. http://BIBLIOGRAPHY [17] SCADA Group. http://www.scadagroup.com/

  1. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    such as increasing boiler efficiency from 68% averageBuildings: Water Heating Efficiency Boiler Gas Boiler SmallSpace Heating Efficiency District Heating Boiler Gas Boiler

  2. DOE/EIA-0318/1 Nonresidential Buildings Energy Consumption Survey...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    This category includes: Preschool Elementary Junior High Senior High College or University Vocational School Specific Building Types (on school campuses) - Administration...

  3. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Primary Electricity Coal Final energy use in buildings is9 million tonnes of coal equivalent energy could be saved byproportion of energy consumed from coal, coke, liquid fuels,

  4. Mechanical characteristics of aged Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood from Japanese historical buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    historical buildings -Comparative analyses with accelerated aging wood- Misao YOKOYAMA*1 , Joseph GRIL*1 Abstract Wood is present in many cultural heritage objects thanks to its capacity to resist odvantage with mechanical characteristics of aged hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood of Japanese historical buildings

  5. Window-Related Energy Consumption in the US Residential andCommercial Building Stock

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Apte, Joshua; Arasteh, Dariush

    2006-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a simple spreadsheet-based tool for estimating window-related energy consumption in the United States. Using available data on the properties of the installed US window stock, we estimate that windows are responsible for 2.15 quadrillion Btu (Quads) of heating energy consumption and 1.48 Quads of cooling energy consumption annually. We develop estimates of average U-factor and SHGC for current window sales. We estimate that a complete replacement of the installed window stock with these products would result in energy savings of approximately 1.2 quads. We demonstrate that future window technologies offer energy savings potentials of up to 3.9 Quads.

  6. Sources and characteristics of oil consumption in a spark-ignition engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yilmaz, Ertan, 1970-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (cont.) At low load, oil flowing past by the piston was found to be the major consumption source, while the contributions of oil evaporation and of blowby entrainment became more significant with increasing engine load. ...

  7. Statistical Modeling of Daily Energy Consumption in Commercial Buildings Using Multiple Regression and Principal Component Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, T. A.; Claridge, D.; Wu, J.

    analysis to identify these models. However, such models tend to suffer from physically unreasonable regression coefficients and instability due to the fact that the predictor variables (i.e., climatic parameters, building internal loads, etc...

  8. Application Study of the Pump Water Flow Station for Building Energy Consumption Monitoring and Control Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, G.; Liu, M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a new building energy monitoring and pump speed control method. The pump speed is controlled to maintain the system resistance at an optimized value to approach the best pump efficiency and save pump power. The system resistance...

  9. A Toolkit for Building Energy Consumption Data Quality Assurance/Quality Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltazar, J.C.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Independence of the energy balance load on secondary systems ESL-IC-11-10-30 Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference Enhanced Building Operations, New York City, October 18-20, 2011 ICEBO 2011 ? New York JCB... of the Eleventh International Conference Enhanced Building Operations, New York City, October 18-20, 2011 ICEBO 2011 ? New York JCB/ESL Energy Balance Curve - Interpretation Low CHW High HHW High ELE High Tindoor High VOA High envelope UA...

  10. Estimating Total Energy Consumption and Emissions of China's Commercial and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geothermal Heat Pump Central AC by NG Electric water heaterwater heating Technologies Electric heater Gas boiler Coal Boiler Small cogen Stove District heating Heat pumpHeat Pump* *COP Reference Case Alternative Case Table 10 Office Buildings: Water Heating Efficiency Boiler Gas Boiler Small Cogen Electric Water Heater

  11. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) - Data - U.S. Energy

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4Consumption TheX I A O J IInformation

  12. Equilibrium thermal characteristics of a building integrated photovoltaic tiled roof

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mei, L.; Gottschalg, R.; Loveday, D.L. [Centre for Renewable Energy Systems Technology (CREST), Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU (United Kingdom); Infield, D.G. [Institute of Energy and Environment, Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G1 1XW (United Kingdom); Davies, D.; Berry, M. [Solarcentury, 91-94 Lower Marsh Waterloo, London, SE1 7AB (United Kingdom)

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Photovoltaic (PV) modules attain high temperatures when exposed to a combination of high radiation levels and elevated ambient temperatures. The temperature rise can be particularly problematic for fully building integrated PV (BIPV) roof tile systems if back ventilation is restricted. PV laminates could suffer yield degradation and accelerated aging in these conditions. This paper presents a laboratory based experimental investigation undertaken to determine the potential for high temperature operation in such a BIPV installation. This is achieved by ascertaining the dependence of the PV roof tile temperature on incident radiation and ambient temperature. A theory based correction was developed to account for the unrealistic sky temperature of the solar simulator used in the experiments. The particular PV roof tiles used are warranted up to an operational temperature of 85 C, anything above this temperature will void the warranty because of potential damage to the integrity of the encapsulation. As a guide for installers, a map of southern Europe has been generated indicating locations where excessive module temperatures might be expected and thus where installation is inadvisable. (author)

  13. Comparison of Two Statistical Approaches to Detect Abnormal Building Energy Consumption with Simulation Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, G.; Claridge, D.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?or? Emea?Esim Eller?Building ? HVAC?system:?DDVAV ? Baseline?period:?March?August,1997 Simulation?Data?Sets 8 0...?ID Eller 1 Outside?airflow?ratio??increase?of??3.1% 2 Outside?airflow?ratio??decrease?of??3.1% 3 Cold?deck?leaving?temperature??increase?of?4?F 4 Cold?deck?leaving?temperature??decrease?of?4.5?F 5 Hot?deck?leaving?temperature??increase?of?10?F 6 Hot...

  14. Characteristics of the Department of Energy's Building Inventory 2005-2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loper, Susan A.; Sandusky, William F.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) as part of their on-going support to the Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) was asked to analyze special building data for an agency to gain a better understanding of the portfolio characteristics to help better shape implementation of their alternative financing activities. This report provides information for one agency, Department of Energy (DOE), and how those characteristics have changed over time.

  15. Texas LoanSTAR Monitoring & Analysis Program- Characterizing Loanstar Buildings & Energy Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Challa, V.; Athar, A.; Abbas, M.; Claridge, D.; Haberl, J.

    ) conversion. Other widely recommended measures arc the conversion of incandescent lighting to fluorescent lighting and installing an Energy Monitoring and Control System (EMC...$). TIle estimated savings frollllhese retrofits arc more or less in line..., TX, May 13-14, 1992 Code Building Area Recommended Retrofits Aetro", Completion SQ-It 081e ZEC zachry Engineerlng Cenler 324,000 VAV (48Ohp), EMCS Ma,ch 1991 U,T, Austin EOB Educalion Buildinn 251,161 UOhlS Incd ,OS, VAV (4oohp), VSP 75hp...

  16. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  17. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Table C13. Total Electricity Consumption and Expenditures for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 All Buildings* Using Electricity Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures Number of...

  18. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  19. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4A. Electricity Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for All Buildings, 2003 Electricity Consumption Electricity Expenditures per Building (thousand kWh) per Square Foot (kWh)...

  20. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    5A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of Buildings...

  1. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    A. Consumption and Gross Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for All Buildings, 2003 Sum of Major Fuel Consumption (trillion Btu) Total Floorspace of Buildings (million square feet)...

  2. Automated Continuous Commissioning of Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Trevor

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    electricity consumption ..the total building electricity consumption between measured87 Figure 49 Total electricity consumption end use breakdown

  3. Air Conditioner User Behavior in a Master-Metered Apartment Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kempton, W.; Feuermann, D.; McGarity, A. E.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Air conditioner operation was studied in order to understand how energy consumption and peak power are determined by user behavior, equipment operation and building characteristics. In a multi-family building, thirteen room air conditioners were...

  4. Discussion on Energy-Efficient Technology for the Reconstruction of Residential Buildings in Cold Areas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, J.; Wang, S.; Chen, H.; Shi, Y.; Li, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : Based on the existing residential buildings in cold areas, this paper takes the existing residential buildings in a certain district in Beijing to provide an analysis of the thermal characteristics of envelope and energy consumption in winter...

  5. Quantifying Changes in Building Electricity Use, with Application to Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathieu, Johanna L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    complex building energy consumption data. ” in Proceedingscomplex building energy consumption data,” Energy and

  6. A Simple Method to Continuous Measurement of Energy Consumption of Tank Less Gas Water Heaters for Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamaha, M.; Fujita, M.; Miyoshi, T.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    energy consumptions of hot water supply in restaurants or residential houses are large amount, guidelines for optimal design are not presented. measurements of energy consumption of tank less gas water heaters very difficult unless gas flow meters...

  7. Building Decision Trees for Characteristic Ellipsoid Method to Monitor Power System Transient Behaviors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Jian; Diao, Ruisheng; Makarov, Yuri V.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Zhou, Ning; Dagle, Jeffery E.

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The characteristic ellipsoid is a new method to monitor the dynamics of power systems. Decision trees (DTs) play an important role in applying the characteristic ellipsoid method to system operation and analysis. This paper presents the idea and initial results of building DTs for detecting transient dynamic events using the characteristic ellipsoid method. The objective is to determine fault types, fault locations and clearance time in the system using decision trees based on ellipsoids of system transient responses. The New England 10-machine 39-bus system is used for running dynamic simulations to generate a sufficiently large number of transient events in different system configurations. Comprehensive transient simulations considering three fault types, two fault clearance times and different fault locations were conducted in the study. Bus voltage magnitudes and monitored reactive and active power flows are recorded as the phasor measurements to calculate characteristic ellipsoids whose volume, eccentricity, center and projection of the longest axis are used as indices to build decision trees. The DT performances are tested and compared by considering different sets of PMU locations. The proposed method demonstrates that the characteristic ellipsoid method is a very efficient and promising tool to monitor power system dynamic behaviors.

  8. Residential and commercial buildings data book: Third edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amols, G.R.; Howard, K.B.; Nicholls, A.K.; Guerra, T.D.

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Data Book updates and expands the previous Data Book originally published by the Department of Energy in September, 1986 (DOE/RL/01830/16). Energy-related information is provided under the following headings: Characteristics of Residential Buildings in the US; Characteristics of New Single Family Construction in the US; Characteristics of New Multi-Family Construction in the US; Household Appliances; Residential Sector Energy Consumption, Prices, and Expenditures; Characteristics of US Commercial Buildings; Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption, Prices, and Expenditures; and Additional Buildings and Community Systems Information. 12 refs., 59 figs., 118 tabs.

  9. Sensitivity of Building Energy Simulation with Building Occupancy for a University Building 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chhajed, Shreyans

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Texas A&M University. The energy model for the building was created using the DOE-2 engine and validated with actual energy consumption data. As constructed building characteristics and occupancy loading data were used in the DOE-2 model. Parametric runs...

  10. Sensitivity of Building Energy Simulation with Building Occupancy for a University Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chhajed, Shreyans

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Texas A&M University. The energy model for the building was created using the DOE-2 engine and validated with actual energy consumption data. As constructed building characteristics and occupancy loading data were used in the DOE-2 model. Parametric runs...

  11. Please cite this article in press as: R.E. Edwards, et al., Predicting future hourly residential electrical consumption: A machine learning case study, Energy Buildings (2012), doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.03.010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Lynne E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    electrical consumption: A machine learning case study, Energy Buildings (2012), doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2012.03.010 ARTICLE IN PRESSG Model ENB-3661; No.of Pages13 Energy and Buildings xxx (2012) xxx­xxx Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Energy and Buildings journal homepage: www

  12. Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 474 Impacts of HVAC Filtration on Air-Conditioner Energy Consumption in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, Jeffrey

    -Conditioner Energy Consumption in Residences Brent Stephens1,* , Atila Novoselac1 and Jeffrey A. Siegel1 1, a greater pressure drop will generally lead to increased energy consumption (e.g., Fisk et al., 2002 The University of Texas at Austin, USA * Corresponding email: stephens.brent@mail.utexas.edu SUMMARY The use

  13. Building Energy Monitoring and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Breakdown of Total  Electricty Consumption ? Building A kWh/Breakdown of Total  Electricty Consumption ? Building B kWh/Breakdown of Total   Electricty Consumption ? Building C 

  14. PROGRESS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wall, L.W.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of actual buildings energy consumption data confirm thedata bases. Actual energy consumption data are necessary toten years. The energy consumption data for new low-energy

  15. Building Energy Monitoring and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 9 ? Annual electricity consumption comparison of the total annual electricity consumption, Buildings A and B mostly  measure  electricity  consumption,  cooling  loads, 

  16. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    7A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 1 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

  17. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 3 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

  18. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Table C22. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Year Constructed for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace...

  19. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8A. Electricity Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Census Division for All Buildings, 2003: Part 2 Total Electricity Consumption (billion kWh) Total Floorspace of...

  20. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    0A. Natural Gas Consumption and Conditional Energy Intensity by Climate Zonea for All Buildings, 2003 Total Natural Gas Consumption (billion cubic feet) Total Floorspace of...

  1. Essays on the Impact of Climate Change and Building Codes on Energy Consumption and the Impact of Ozone on Crop Yield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aroonruengsawat, Anin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on Residen- iv tial Electricity Consumption 8 Introduction 9Observed residential electricity consumption 2003 to 2006total residential electricity consumption for 2006 by five-

  2. Monthly Indices: A Procedure for Energy Use Display Creating Monthly Indices for Comparing the Energy Consumption of Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landman, D. S.; Haberl, J. S.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This technical paper describes the construction of comparative monthly energy and weather indices for buildings and their usefulness in simple comparisons across sites. These graphs show monthly electric and natural gas average power levels (i.e., W...

  3. Comparison of building energy use data between the United States and China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xia Ph.D., Jianjun

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Annual Breakdown of Total Electricty Consumption - BuildingAnnual Breakdown of Total Electricty Consumption - BuildingAnnual Breakdown of Total Electricty Consumption - Building

  4. Investigation and Analysis of Energy Consumption and Cost of Electric Air Conditioning Systems in Civil Buildings in Changsha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, D.; Chen, J.; Zhang, G.; Zhang, Q.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of cold and heat sources and the HVAC area of the buildings. Meanwhile the economical and feasible types of cold and heat sources are pointed out, i.e., oil boilers and gas boilers for heat source, and centrifugal and screw water chillers for cold source...

  5. PROGRESS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wall, L.W.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I Figure 21. Sample building energy use label expressed inanalyses of actual buildings energy consumption data confirm1983. PROGRESS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS Leonard W. Wall

  6. Building a Successful Communications Program Based on the Needs and Characteristics of the Affected Communities - 13152

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herod, Judy; Mahabir, Alexandra; Holmes, Sandy [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Port Hope, ON, L1A 3S4 (Canada)] [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Port Hope, ON, L1A 3S4 (Canada)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over 200 local residents streamed through the doors of the Port Hope Lions Centre to see the detailed plans for the historic low-level radioactive waste clean-up project about to take place in their community. The event had a congenial atmosphere as people walked through the hall taking in rows of display panels that explained each element of the project, asked questions of project staff stationed around the room and chatted with friends and neighbours over light refreshments. Later that year, the results of the Port Hope Area Initiative (PHAI) 10. annual public attitude survey revealed an all-time high in community awareness of the project (94%) and the highest levels of confidence (84%) recorded since surveying began. Today, as the PHAI transitions from a decade of scientific and technical studies to implementation, the success of its communications program - as evidenced by the above examples - offers room for cautious encouragement. The PHAI has spent the past 10 years developing relationships with the southern Ontario communities of Port Hope and Port Granby in preparation for Canada's largest low-level radioactive waste environmental restoration project. These relationships have been built around a strong understanding of the communities' individual needs and characteristics and on the PHAI's efforts to consider and respond to these needs. The successes of the past, as well as the lessons learned, will inform the next stage of communications as the projects move into waste excavation and transportation and building of the long-term waste management facilities. (authors)

  7. Applicability of daylighting computer modeling in real case studies: Comparison between measured and simulated daylight availability and lighting consumption. Building and Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. D. Atif

    this paper is published in / Une version de ce document se trouve dans : IEA (International Energy Agency) Task 21 / Annex 29: Daylight in Buildings, November 1998, 68 pp. www.nrc.ca/irc/ircpubs NRCC-42862 Subtask C: Daylighting Design Tools T21/C1-21/CAN/98-11 Applicability of Daylighting Computer Modeling in Real Case Studies: Comparison between Measured and Simulated Daylight Availability and Lighting Consumption A report of IEA SHC Task 21 / IEA ECBCS Annex 29 Daylight in Buildings Subtask C: Daylighting Design Tools Report T21/C1-21/CAN/98-11 Applicability of Daylighting Computer Modeling in Real Case Studies: Comparison between Measured and Simulated Daylight Availability and Lighting Consumption by Anca D. Galasiu * Morad R. Atif * A report of IEA SHC Task 21 / IEA ECBCS Annex 29 * National Research Council Canada, Institute for Research in Construction, Indoor Environment Research Program Subtask C: Daylighting Design Tools Report T21/C1-21/CAN/98-11 IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Programme (IEA SHC) The International Energy Agency (IEA) was established in 1974 as an autonomous agency within the framework of the Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to carry out a comprehensive program of energy cooperation among its 24 member countries and the Commission of the European Communities. An important part of the Agency's program involves collaboration in the research, development and demonstration of new energy technologies to reduce excessive reliance on imported oil, increase long-term energy security and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The IEA's R&D activities are headed by the Committee on Energy Research and Technology (CERT) and supported by a small Secretariat staff, headquartered in Paris. In addition, three Working Parties are charged with monitorin...

  8. Energy-consumption modelling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reiter, E.R.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A highly sophisticated and accurate approach is described to compute on an hourly or daily basis the energy consumption for space heating by individual buildings, urban sectors, and whole cities. The need for models and specifically weather-sensitive models, composite models, and space-heating models are discussed. Development of the Colorado State University Model, based on heat-transfer equations and on a heuristic, adaptive, self-organizing computation learning approach, is described. Results of modeling energy consumption by the city of Minneapolis and Cheyenne are given. Some data on energy consumption in individual buildings are included.

  9. Attributes of the Federal Energy Management Program's Federal Site Building Characteristics Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loper, Susan A.; Sandusky, William F.

    2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Typically, the Federal building stock is referred to as a group of about one-half million buildings throughout the United States. Additional information beyond this level is generally limited to distribution of that total by agency and maybe distribution of the total by state. However, additional characterization of the Federal building stock is required as the Federal sector seeks ways to implement efficiency projects to reduce energy and water use intensity as mandated by legislation and Executive Order. Using a Federal facility database that was assembled for use in a geographic information system tool, additional characterization of the Federal building stock is provided including information regarding the geographical distribution of sites, building counts and percentage of total by agency, distribution of sites and building totals by agency, distribution of building count and floor space by Federal building type classification by agency, and rank ordering of sites, buildings, and floor space by state. A case study is provided regarding how the building stock has changed for the Department of Energy from 2000 through 2008.

  10. A Comparison of the Demographic Characteristics, Movtiations for Fishing, and Consumptive Orientation of Texas Urban and Rural Anglers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolber, Nathan

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Sales of Texas fishing licenses have declined since 1988. Several authors have suggested that this decline is related to changes in the demographic characteristics of the Texas population, including increasing urbanization. As urban residents have...

  11. Building Technologies Research and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Impact of Buildings Centers of Excellence · 40% of total primary energy consumption · 74% of electricity consumption · 56% of natural gas consumption (including gas-generated electricity used in buildings) · 39 the nation accounts for its energy consumption, making the energy savings potential even greater. National

  12. APPLICATION OF IT AND INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS TO IMPROVE BUILDING ENVELOPE PERFORMANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammad, Amin

    , Quebec, Canada ABSTRACT Improving thermal performance of building envelopes reduces energy consumption the thermal performance of the building envelope, e.g., the advanced house program from NRCan, better windows, and improved thermal performance of building envelopes. According to Hydro Quebec, house characteristics

  13. An in-depth Analysis of Space Heating Energy Use in Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Hung-Wen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EIA] 2003 Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (EIA] Energy Information Administration. 2003. Commercial buildings energy consumption survey.

  14. Exceeding Energy Consumption Design Expectations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castleton, H. F.; Beck, S. B. M.; Hathwat, E. A.; Murphy, E.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) the building consumed 208.7 kWh m-2 yr-1, 83% of the expected energy consumption (250 kWh m-2 yr-1). This dropped further to 176.1 kWh m-2 yr-1 in 2012 (70% below expected). Factors affecting building energy consumption have been discussed and appraised...

  15. Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China, 2008,The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andcan be measured using energy consumption per capita values.

  16. Energy for 500 Million Homes: Drivers and Outlook for Residential Energy Consumption in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Commercial Building Energy Consumption in China, 2008,The China Residential Energy Consumption Survey, Human andfor Residential Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou,

  17. Building Technologies Program Planning Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and advances in renewable energy systems, could stabilize total primary energy consumption in the buildings sector to just below 2009 consumption levels by 2025. 2 In...

  18. Utility Building Analysis Billing Period: NOV -2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    ELECTRICITY Consumption MUNICIPAL WATER Consumption 8 CCF STEAM Consumption CHILLED WATER Consumption GAS Building Analysis Billing Period: NOV - 2013 032 JACKSON HALL: 150,393 Square Feet ELECTRICITY Consumption,550 Square Feet ELECTRICITY Consumption 114,185 KWHRS MUNICIPAL WATER Consumption 1,423 CCF STEAM Consumption

  19. Methodology for Modeling Building Energy Performance across the Commercial Sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffith, B.; Long, N.; Torcellini, P.; Judkoff, R.; Crawley, D.; Ryan, J.

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report uses EnergyPlus simulations of each building in the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) to document and demonstrate bottom-up methods of modeling the entire U.S. commercial buildings sector (EIA 2006). The ability to use a whole-building simulation tool to model the entire sector is of interest because the energy models enable us to answer subsequent 'what-if' questions that involve technologies and practices related to energy. This report documents how the whole-building models were generated from the building characteristics in 2003 CBECS and compares the simulation results to the survey data for energy use.

  20. Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    good benchmark energy consumption data for buildings, and (total energy consumption Although the measured data arelimited data available for building energy consumption in

  1. Building Performance Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a future with  very low energy buildings resulting in very consumption  of  low  energy  buildings,  with  site  EUI design and operation of low energy buildings through better 

  2. Co-design of Control Algorithm and Embedded Platformfor Building HVAC Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maasoumy, Mehdi; Zhu, Qi; Li, Cheng; Meggers, Forrest; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    concerns worldwide. Smart buildings today have sophisticateding building energy consumption by designing smart control

  3. Building Energy Monitoring and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HVAC consumes more electricity in September, the daily trendsHVAC Equipment Figure 44 Building 2 typical weekday electricity consumption trendHVAC Equipment Figure 45 Building 2 typical weekend electricity consumption trend

  4. Specification of an Information Delivery Tool to Support Optimal Holistic Environmental and Energy Management in Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, James

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laboratory Buildings. ” Energy and Buildings 34 Geoghegan,consumption data. ” Energy and Buildings 24, Hampton, Dave.building operations. ” Energy and Buildings 33, (8):783–791.

  5. Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction for New Federal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy Consumption Reduction for New Federal Buildings and Major Renovations of Federal Buildings OIRA Comparison Document Fossil Fuel-Generated Energy...

  6. Spatial and temporal variations in indoor environmental conditions, human occupancy, and operational characteristics in a new hospital building

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ramos, Tiffanie; Dedesko, Sandra; Siegel, Jeffrey A.; Gilbert, Jack A.; Stephens, Brent

    2015-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamics of indoor environmental conditions, human occupancy, and operational characteristics of buildings influence human comfort and indoor environmental quality, including the survival and progression of microbial communities. A suite of continuous, long-term environmental and operational parameters were measured in ten patient rooms and two nurse stations in a new hospital building in Chicago, IL to characterize the indoor environment in which microbial samples were taken for the Hospital Microbiome Project. Measurements included environmental conditions (indoor dry-bulb temperature, relative humidity, humidity ratio, and illuminance) in the patient rooms and nurse stations; differential pressure between the patient rooms and hallways; surrogatemore »measures for human occupancy and activity in the patient rooms using both indoor air CO? concentrations and infrared doorway beam-break counters; and outdoor air fractions in the heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning systems serving the sampled spaces. Measurements were made at 5-minute intervals over consecutive days for nearly one year, providing a total of ~8×10? data points. Indoor temperature, illuminance, and human occupancy/activity were all weakly correlated between rooms, while relative humidity, humidity ratio, and outdoor air fractions showed strong temporal (seasonal) patterns and strong spatial correlations between rooms. Differential pressure measurements confirmed that all patient rooms were operated at neutral pressure. The patient rooms averaged about 100 combined entrances and exits per day, which suggests they were relatively lightly occupied compared to higher traffic environments (e.g., retail buildings) and more similar to lower traffic office environments. There were also clear differences in several environmental parameters before and after the hospital was occupied with patients and staff. Characterizing and understanding factors that influence these building dynamics is vital for hospital environments, where they can impact patient health and the survival and spread of healthcare associated infections.« less

  7. Evaluating Texas State University Energy Consumption According to Productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carnes, D.; Hunn, B. D.; Jones, J. W.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Utilization Index, energy consumption per square foot of floor area, is the most commonly used index of building energy consumption. However, a building or facility exists solely to support the activities of its occupants. Floor area...

  8. Assessment of Building Energy-Saving Policies and Programs in China During the 11th Five Year Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Code The building energy consumption data has been adjustedand analyzing energy consumption data; to establish threeand monitoring. Building energy consumption data and data

  9. Assessment of Building Energy-Saving Policies and Programs in China During the 11th Five Year Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2 of The building energy consumption data has been adjustedand analyzing energy consumption data; to establish threeand monitoring. Building energy consumption data and data

  10. Essays on the Impact of Climate Change and Building Codes on Energy Consumption and the Impact of Ozone on Crop Yield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aroonruengsawat, Anin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    insufficient training of code officials. Our results showCode (MEC) developed by the Council of American Building Officials (

  11. Potential for the Use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts to Reduce Energy Consumption and Provide Energy and Cost Savings in Non-Building Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Charles; Green, Andrew S.; Dahle, Douglas; Barnett, John; Butler, Pat; Kerner, David

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The findings of this study indicate that potential exists in non-building applications to save energy and costs. This potential could save billions of federal dollars, reduce reliance on fossil fuels, increase energy independence and security, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The Federal Government has nearly twenty years of experience with achieving similar energy cost reductions, and letting the energy costs savings pay for themselves, by applying energy savings performance contracts (ESPC) inits buildings. Currently, the application of ESPCs is limited by statute to federal buildings. This study indicates that ESPCs can be a compatible and effective contracting tool for achieving savings in non-building applications.

  12. Building condition monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samouhos, Stephen V. (Stephen Vincent), 1982-

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The building sector of the United States currently consumes over 40% of the United States primary energy supply. Estimates suggest that between 5 and 30% of any building's annual energy consumption is unknowingly wasted ...

  13. Energy Consumption Characteristics of Light Manufacturing Facilities in The Northern Plains: A Study of Detailed Data from 10 Industrial Energy Audits Conducted in 1993 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Twedt, M.; Bassett, K.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Extensive research has been done on residential and commercial applications of existing technologies for energy conservation. This study specifically examines industrial facilities for energy consumption profiles and common energy conservation...

  14. Developing "BUILDING/ FACILITY ENERGY CONSUMPTION DATA SHEET" for Political Subdivisions, Institutions of Higher Education, and State Agencies, to Satisfy Senate Bill 898 (82nd R) Reporting Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, P.; Baltazar, J.; Haberl, J.; Yazdani, B.; Zilbershtein, G.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the electric consumption by the entity by at least 5% each state fiscal year for 10 years. Each entity annually is to report to the State Energy Conservation Office (SECO), on forms provided by SECO, regarding the entity's goal, the entity's efforts to meet...

  15. Potential for the Use of Energy Savings Performance Contracts to Reduce Energy Consumption and Provide Energy and Cost Savings in Non-Building Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Charles

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    unimproved. After the ESPC payback period, the governmentbefore, during, and after the ESPC. Figure B2: Agency's CashText APPENDIX B– History of ESPC in Federal Buildings EISA

  16. Worldwide Status of Energy Standards for Buildings - Appendices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janda, K.B.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Consumption in Buildings and Energy Efficiency Projectsnon-residential buildings: Energy Efficiency of ElectricalBetter" National Building Agency "Energy Efficiency in New

  17. Introduction to the Buildings Sector Module of SEDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeForest, Nicholas

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ma. CBECS, Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey,R. , and Lai, J. – A Buildings Module for the Stochasticon Energy Efficiency in Buildings, August 17 – 22, 2008,

  18. Evaluation of Energy Concepts for Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisch, M.; Norbert, M.; Plesser, S.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) Figure 2 Average Annual Consumption of Primary Energy for 16 EVA-buildings and Reference-Studies Reference studies: Schweiz [2], EG-Audit [5], Stadt Frankfurt [6], enerkenn [3] EVA glassed buildings includes 4 buildings with existing data... buildings and analysed existing data on energy consumption suggest that glassed office buildings do not generally have a significantly higher energy consumption than regular office buildings. Introduction Over the last 10 years, some research...

  19. Co-simulation for performance prediction of integrated building and HVAC systems - An analysis of solution characteristics using a two-body system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trcka, Marija; L.M. Hensena, Jan; Wetter, Michael

    2010-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Integrated performance simulation of buildings and heating, ventilation and airconditioning (HVAC) systems can help reducing energy consumption and increasing occupant comfort. However, no single building performance simulation (BPS) tool offers suffcient capabilities and flexibilities to analyze integrated building systems and to enable rapid prototyping of innovative building and system technologies. One way to alleviate this problem is to use co-simulation to integrate different BPS tools. Co-simulation approach represents a particular case of simulation scenario where at least two simulators solve coupled differential-algebraic systems of equations and exchange data that couples these equations during the time integration. This article analyzes how co-simulation influences consistency, stability and accuracy of the numerical approximation to the solution. Consistency and zero-stability are studied for a general class of the problem, while a detailed consistency and absolute stability analysis is given for a simple two-body problem. Since the accuracy of the numerical approximation to the solution is reduced in co-simulation, the article concludes by discussing ways for how to improve accuracy.

  20. Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear21 3.96

  1. Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear21 3.96(92) Distribution Category

  2. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Introduction

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) Trends in the Commercial Buildings Sector Since 1978, the Energy Information Administration has collected basic statistical...

  3. Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0 Average Fuel OilKerosene Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per...

  4. Residential Buildings Historical Publications reports, data and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0 Average Electricity Residential Buildings Consumption Expenditures per Total per Square per per per Total Total Floorspace Building Foot per Household per Square per Household...

  5. Automated Continuous Commissioning of Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Trevor

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    between building energy consumption data and the EnergyPlusnon-zero energy consumption whereas the data shows no energyequipment energy consumption (kW) Sub-metering data for HVAC

  6. Measured energy performance of a US-China demonstration energy-efficient office building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Peng; Huang, Joe; Jin, Ruidong; Yang, Guoxiong

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    buildings. Measured electricity consumption Figure 3 showsthe measured total electricity consumption of the buildingmonths of 2005. The electricity consumption per floor area

  7. Co-simulation for performance prediction of integrated building and HVAC systems - An analysis of solution characteristics using a two-body system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trcka, Marija

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    buildings and heating, ventilation and air- conditioning (building type, heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (

  8. Strategies for Decreasing Petroleum Consumption in the Federal Fleet (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Putsche, V.

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Presentation offers strategies federal agency fleets can use to reduce petroleum consumption and build or gain access to alternative fuel infrastructure.

  9. Impact of conservation measures on Pacific Northwest residential energy consumption. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moe, R.J.; Owzarski, S.L.; Streit, L.P.

    1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study was to estimate the relationship between residential space conditioning energy use and building conservation programs in the Pacific Northwest. The study was divided into two primary tasks. In the first, the thermal relationship between space conditioning energy consumption under controlled conditions and the physical characteristics of the residence was estimated. In this task, behavioral characteristics such as occupant schedules and thermostat settings were controlled in order to isolate the physical relationships. In the second task, work from the first task was used to calculate the thermal efficiency of a residence's shell. Thermal efficiency was defined as the ability of a shell to prevent escapement of heat generated within a building. The relationship between actual space conditioning energy consumption and the shell thermal efficiency was then estimated. Separate thermal equations for mobile homes, single-family residences, and multi-family residences are presented. Estimates of the relationship between winter electricity consumption for heating and the building's thermal shell efficiency are presented for each of the three building categories.

  10. Review of Building Energy Saving Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, X.; Zhu, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The pace of building energy saving in our country is late, compared with developed countries, and the consumption of building energy is much higher. Therefore, it is imperative to open up new building energy saving techniques and heighten energy use...

  11. Review of Building Energy Saving Techniques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, X.; Zhu, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The pace of building energy saving in our country is late, compared with developed countries, and the consumption of building energy is much higher. Therefore, it is imperative to open up new building energy saving techniques and heighten energy use...

  12. Future Air Conditioning Energy Consumption in Developing Countries and what can be done about it: The Potential of Efficiency in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Michael A.; Letschert, Virginie E.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004) Survey on Electricity Consumption Characteristics ofof residential electricity consumption in rapidly developingbusiness as usual’ electricity consumption by country/region

  13. A long-term, integrated impact assessment of alternative building energy code scenarios in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, Sha; Eom, Jiyong; Evans, Meredydd; Clarke, Leon E.

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China is the second largest building energy user in the world, ranking first and third in residential and commercial energy consumption. Beginning in the early 1980s, the Chinese government has developed a variety of building energy codes to improve building energy efficiency and reduce total energy demand. This paper studies the impact of building energy codes on energy use and CO2 emissions by using a detailed building energy model that represents four distinct climate zones each with three building types, nested in a long-term integrated assessment framework GCAM. An advanced building stock module, coupled with the building energy model, is developed to reflect the characteristics of future building stock and its interaction with the development of building energy codes in China. This paper also evaluates the impacts of building codes on building energy demand in the presence of economy-wide carbon policy. We find that building energy codes would reduce Chinese building energy use by 13% - 22% depending on building code scenarios, with a similar effect preserved even under the carbon policy. The impact of building energy codes shows regional and sectoral variation due to regionally differentiated responses of heating and cooling services to shell efficiency improvement.

  14. An in-depth Analysis of Space Heating Energy Use in Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Hung-Wen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and operation of low energy buildings. In this study, thecommercial buildings with low energy consumption. The90.1-2004, Energy standard for buildings except low-rise

  15. Solar buildings. Overview: The Solar Buildings Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings account for more than one third of the energy used in the United States each year, consuming vast amounts of electricity, natural gas, and fuel oil. Given this level of consumption, the buildings sector is rife with opportunity for alternative energy technologies. The US Department of Energy`s Solar Buildings Program was established to take advantage of this opportunity. The Solar Buildings Program is engaged in research, development, and deployment on solar thermal technologies, which use solar energy to produce heat. The Program focuses on technologies that have the potential to produce economically competitive energy for the buildings sector.

  16. Towards a Very Low Energy Building Stock: Modeling the US Commercial Building Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Towards a Very Low Energy Building Stock: Modeling the US Commercial Building Sector to Support and continuing development of a model of time varying energy consumption in the US commercial building stock targeting very low future energy consumption in the building stock. Model use has highlighted the scale

  17. area operations building: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    reference of the suitable plans for the energy efficient reconstruction of buildings in cold area. 2. ANALYSIS ON HEATING ENERGY CONSUMPTION 2.1 Building Situation Based... on...

  18. Getting to Green: Understanding Resource Consumption in the Home

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grinter, Rebecca Elizabeth

    of collecting data on being green. Author Keywords Sustainability, residential resource consumption, domestic energy [19], increasing awareness of resource consumption in the workplace [20] and building homes manage their energy consumption. Next, we outline our methods and findings from a qualitative study of 15

  19. Housing characteristics 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report, Housing Characteristics 1993, presents statistics about the energy-related characteristics of US households. These data were collected in the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) -- the ninth in a series of nationwide energy consumption surveys conducted since 1978 by the Energy Information Administration of the US Department of Energy. Over 7 thousand households were surveyed, representing 97 million households nationwide. A second report, to be released in late 1995, will present statistics on residential energy consumption and expenditures.

  20. Energy efficiency in building sector in India through Heat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    electricity consumption in India (2012) #12;Growth in electricity consumption by building sector At a conservative 9 % growth rate electricity consumption of building sector by 2020 will be more than 2 times ( Source: DB Research) #12;Electricity Consumption Pattern in Residential Sector (Source: BEE, Figure taken

  1. Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a detailed, bottom-up analysis of residential building energy consumption in China using data from a wideLBNL-2416E Current Status and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China and Future Scenarios of Residential Building Energy Consumption in China Nan Zhou*, Masaru Nishida

  2. Factors of material consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silva Díaz, Pamela Cristina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Historic consumption trends for materials have been studied by many researchers, and, in order to identify the main drivers of consumption, special attention has been given to material intensity, which is the consumption ...

  3. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1992

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear21 3.96(92)Information(92)

  4. Assessment of Building Energy-Saving Policies and Programs in China During the 11th Five Year Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China. ” Energy& Buildings 40 (12): 2121-2127. Zhou N. ,Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption inbuilding energy retrofits, and building energy control

  5. Assessment of Building Energy-Saving Policies and Programs in China During the 11th Five Year Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China. ” Energy& Buildings 40 (12): 2121-2127. Zhou N. ,Scenarios of Commercial Building Energy Consumption inbuilding energy retrofits, and building energy control

  6. Co-simulation for performance prediction of integrated building and HVAC systems - An analysis of solution characteristics using a two-body system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trcka, Marija

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of innovative integrated HVAC systems in buildings, infor building envelope and HVAC systems simu- lation - WillIntegrated simulation for HVAC performance prediction: State

  7. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Building Size

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Utility Plants 1998 TablesSize of

  8. Residential Energy Consumption Survey: Housing Characteristics,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Technical squestionnairesquestionnaires 3U.S.E/EIA-0262/2tni

  9. Optimal and Autonomous Incentive-based Energy Consumption Scheduling Algorithm for Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Vincent

    consumption scheduling (ECS) devices in smart meters for autonomous demand side management within equipment [3]. Load management, also known as demand side manage- ment [4]­[6], has been practiced since consumption management in buildings: reducing consumption and shifting consumption [2]. The former can be done

  10. Office of Building Technologies evaluation and planning report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierce, B.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Building Technologies (OBT) encourages increased efficiency of energy use in the buildings sector through the conduct of a comprehensive research program, the transfer of research results to industry, and the implementation of DOE`s statutory responsibilities in the buildings area. The planning and direction of these activities require the development and maintenance of database and modeling capability, as well as the conduct of analyses. This report summarizes the results of evaluation and planning activities undertaken on behalf of OBT during the past several years. It provides historical data on energy consumption patterns, prices, and building characteristics used in OBT`s planning processes, and summaries of selected recent OBT analysis activities.

  11. The Thermal Test and Analysis of Envelope in Existing Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Li, X.; Sun, J.; Wang, Z.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to improve the health and comfort and minimize the energy consumption costs of existing buildings is quite important. Improving existing buildings can be divided into two parts, envelope and heating system. Much research has been done on building conservation...

  12. Hybrid Model of Existing Buildings for Transient Thermal Performance Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, X.; Wang, S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building level energy models are important to provide accurate prediction of energy consumption for building performance diagnosis and energy efficiency assessment of retrofitting alternatives for building performance upgrading. Simplified...

  13. Tariff-based analysis of commercial building electricity prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coughlin, Katie M.; Bolduc, Chris A.; Rosenquist, Greg J.; Van Buskirk, Robert D.; McMahon, James E.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The EIA Commercial Building Energy Consumption Surveys (EIA 1996. Energy Information Administration, Commercial Building Energy Consump- tion Survey.EIA 1998. Energy Information Administration, Commercial Building Energy Consump- tion Survey.

  14. Revisit of Energy Use and Technologies of High Performance Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li , Cheng; Hong , Tianzhen

    2014-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy consumed by buildings accounts for one third of the world?s total primary energy use. Associated with the conscious of energy savings in buildings, High Performance Buildings (HPBs) has surged across the world, with wide promotion and adoption of various performance rating and certification systems. It is valuable to look into the actual energy performance of HPBs and to understand their influencing factors. To shed some light on this topic, this paper conducted a series of portfolio analysis based on a database of 51 high performance office buildings across the world. Analyses showed that the actual site Energy Use Intensity (EUI) of the 51 buildings varied by a factor of up to 11, indicating a large scale of variation of the actual energy performance of the current HPBs. Further analysis of the correlation between EUI and climate elucidated ubiquitous phenomenon of EUI scatter throughout all climate zones, implying that the weather is not a decisive factor, although important, for the actual energy consumption of an individual building. On the building size via EUI, analysis disclosed that smaller buildings have a tendency to achieving lower energy use. Even so, the correlation is not absolute since some large buildings demonstrated low energy use while some small buildings performed opposite. Concerning the technologies, statistics indicated that the application of some technologies had correlations with some specific building size and climate characteristic. However, it was still hard to pinpoint a set of technologies which was directly correlative with a group of low EUI buildings. It is concluded that no a single factor essentially determines the actual energy performance of HPBs. To deliver energy-efficient buildings, an integrated design taking account of climate, technology, occupant behavior as well as operation and maintenance should be implemented.

  15. Building load control and optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xing, Hai-Yun Helen, 1976-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Researchers and practitioners have proposed a variety of solutions to reduce electricity consumption and curtail peak demand. This research focuses on load control by improving the operations in existing building HVAC ...

  16. THERMAL BUILDING PERFORMANCE OPTIMIZATION USING SPATIAL ARCHETYPES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    process. An increasing number of countries in the world are developing or updating their building energy is spent for heating and cooling systems, see Figure 1.2. Figure 1.1 Primary energy consumption by sector encouragement, love and support #12;1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1. Energy Consumption Energy conscious building

  17. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0Proved Reserves (Billion0.060

  18. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0Proved Reserves (Billion0.060Geographic

  19. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecade Year-0Proved Reserves

  20. Building energy calculator : a design tool for energy analysis of residential buildings in Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Jonathan Y. (Jonathan York), 1979-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings are one of the world's largest consumers of energy, yet measures to reduce energy consumption are often ignored during the building design process. In developing countries, enormous numbers of new residential ...

  1. Eagle County- Eagle County Efficient Building Code (ECO-Green Build)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In an effort to reduce county-wide energy consumption and improve the environment, Eagle County established their own efficient building code (ECO-Green Build) which applies to all new construction...

  2. Operation Diagnosis for Buildings Connecting Building Management Systems with Energy Management Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehler, G.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reducing energy consumption of buildings is a good contribution to protect the environment and to reduce costs. The first and most important step to operate a building most efficiently is to make aware of most of the technical parameters. Connecting...

  3. Connected Consumption: The hidden networks of consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, David P.

    In this paper, we present the Connected Consumption Network (CCN) that allows a community of consumers to collaboratively sense the market from a mobile device, enabling more informed financial decisions in geo-local ...

  4. Smoothing the Energy Consumption: Peak Demand Reduction in Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xiang-Yang

    for autonomous demand side management within one house. The DRS devices are able to sense and control the peak energy consumption or demand. We assume that several appliances within one building access to oneSmoothing the Energy Consumption: Peak Demand Reduction in Smart Grid Shaojie Tang , Qiuyuan Huang

  5. Automatic Calibration of a Building Energy Simulation Model Using a Global Optimization Program 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, S. U.; Claridge, D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simulation model used to analyze the energy performance of an existing building should be calibrated to measured consumption data from the building so the simulation output closely follows the measured time series energy consumption data and shows...

  6. Agent Technology to Improve Building Energy Efficiency and Occupant Comfort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiler, W.; van Houten, R.; Kamphuis, R.; Hommelberg, M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Global warming, caused largely by energy consumption, has become a major problem. During the last decades the introduction of energy saving technologies has strongly reduced energy consumption of buildings. Users' preferences and behavior have...

  7. Discovering unexpected information using a building energy visualization tool.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    platform to manage buildings energy. Smart buildings are already managed by BMS (Building Management SystemDiscovering unexpected information using a building energy visualization tool. Lange B.a, Rodriguez insight about buildings energy consumption. We will focus on the usage of this software to extract

  8. Survey and Analysis of Weather Data for Building Energy Simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhandari, Mahabir S [ORNL; Shrestha, Som S [ORNL; New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, calibrated energy modeling of residential and commercial buildings has gained importance in a retrofit-dominated market. Accurate weather data plays an important role in this calibration process and projected energy savings. It would be ideal to measure weather data at the building location to capture relevant microclimate variation but this is generally considered cost-prohibitive. There are data sources publicly available with high temporal sampling rates but at relatively poor geospatial sampling locations. To overcome this limitation, there are a growing number of service providers that claim to provide real time and historical weather data for 20-35 km2 grid across the globe. Unfortunately, there is limited documentation from 3rd-party sources attesting to the accuracy of this data. This paper compares provided weather characteristics with data collected from a weather station inaccessible to the service providers. Monthly average dry bulb temperature; relative humidity; direct, diffuse and horizontal solar radiation; and wind speed are statistically compared. Moreover, we ascertain the relative contributions of each weather variable and its impact on building loads. Annual simulations are calculated for three different building types, including a closely monitored and automated energy efficient research building. The comparison shows that the difference for an individual variable can be as high as 90%. In addition, annual building energy consumption can vary by 7% while monthly building loads can vary by 40% as a function of the provided location s weather data.

  9. Energy Consumption Simulation and Analysis of Heat Pump Air Conditioning System in Wuhan by the BIN Method 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wen, Y.; Zhao, F.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to simulate the annual energy consumption of groundwater heat pump systems (GWHPS) for an office building in Wuhan. Its annual energy consumption was obtained and compared with the partner of the air source heat pump systems (ASHPS). The results show...

  10. Energy Consumption Simulation and Analysis of Heat Pump Air Conditioning System in Wuhan by the BIN Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wen, Y.; Zhao, F.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to simulate the annual energy consumption of groundwater heat pump systems (GWHPS) for an office building in Wuhan. Its annual energy consumption was obtained and compared with the partner of the air source heat pump systems (ASHPS). The results show...

  11. Reduces electric energy consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BENEFITS · Reduces electric energy consumption · Reduces peak electric demand · Reduces natural gas consumption · Reduces nonhazardous solid waste and wastewater generation · Potential annual savings products for the automotive industry, electrical equipment, and miscellaneous other uses nationwide. ALCOA

  12. ResearchArticle BuildingThermal,Lighting,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Abstract Building energy and analyze the thermal performance of buildings, and predict their operational energy consumption. Since@tsinghua.edu.cn A detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs: EnergyPlus, DeST and DOE-2.1E Dandan

  13. Energy efficiency indicators for high electric-load buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aebischer, Bernard; Balmer, Markus A.; Kinney, Satkartar; Le Strat, Pascale; Shibata, Yoshiaki; Varone, Frederic

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aebischer, A. Huser, 2003: Energy Consumption of InformationCalifornia Commercial Building Energy Benchmarking Database.Architekt Nr. 50, p. The Energy Data and Modelling Center,

  14. Reduce Building Energy Consumption by Improving the Supply Air Temperature Schedule and Recommissioning the Terminal Boxes, Submitted to the Energy Management and Operations Division at the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, M.; Athar, A.; Zhu, Y.; Claridge, D. E.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the request of the Energy Management and Operations Department at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, the Energy Systems Laboratory of Texas A&M University performed a study of optimizing the HVAC operation at its Basic Research Building. The Basic...

  15. Building Stones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3). Photographs by the author. Building Stones, Harrell, UEEOxford Short Citation: Harrell, 2012, Building Stones. UEE.Harrell, James A. , 2012, Building Stones. In Willeke

  16. Building Energy Efficiency in China - Status, Trends, Targets, and Solutions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xia, J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well accepted that the reduction of building energy consumption is one of the most effective actions fro reducing the emission of CO2 and for protection of energy resources world wide. Understanding and comparing the real building energy...

  17. Retrofit of Existing Residential Building: a Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, L.; Xu, W.; Li, L.; Gao, G.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    retrofit of the envelope of existing residential buildings should be placed on the wall in northern region. It is possible to reduce about 50 percent of energy consumption of buildings by insulating the wall. The external insulation is suitable...

  18. Software for fault detection in HVAC systems in commercial buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deshmukh, Suhrid Avinash

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The building sector of the United States currently consumes over 41% of the United States primary energy supply. Estimates suggest that between 5 and 30% of any building's annual energy consumption is unknowingly wasted ...

  19. Building Energy Efficiency in China - Status, Trends, Targets, and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xia, J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well accepted that the reduction of building energy consumption is one of the most effective actions fro reducing the emission of CO2 and for protection of energy resources world wide. Understanding and comparing the real building energy...

  20. Impacts of Some Building Design Parameters on Heat Pump Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdim, B.; Manioglu, G.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most important properties of a sustainable building is to provide thermal comfort conditions for users with a minimum heating and cooling energy consumption. Therefore, primary design parameters of building should be developed...

  1. Improving Operational Strategies of an Institutional Building in Kuwait

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ragom, F.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Building and Energy Technologies Department (BET) of the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research has pledged to achieve 10% reduction in buildings energy consumption by the year 2005. Working in line with the Kuwaiti government that highly...

  2. An in-depth Analysis of Space Heating Energy Use in Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Hung-Wen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    experimental data, Energy and Buildings 36, 543-555. O.G.consumption for heating, Energy and Buildings 43, 2662-2672.reduction for a net zero energy building, ACEEE Summer Study

  3. A Meta-Analysis of Energy Savings from Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Alison

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    their real consumption. Energy and Buildings 40(4):514-523.monitored case studies. Energy and Buildings 35(5):441-461.of daylighting. Energy and Buildings 34: 421-429. Bourgeois

  4. Bridging the Gap Between Commissioning Measures and Large Scale Retrofits in Existing Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bynum, J.; Jones, A.; Claridge, D. E.

    Most often commissioning of existing buildings seeks to reduce a building’s energy consumption by implementation of operational changes via the existing equipment. In contrast, large scale capital retrofits seek to make major changes to the systems...

  5. Reduction of Water Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, J.

    Cooling systems using water evaporation to dissipate waste heat, will require one pound of water per 1,000 Btu. To reduce water consumption, a combination of "DRY" and "WET" cooling elements is the only practical answer. This paper reviews...

  6. USING DISPLAY ENERGY CERTIFICATES TO QUANTIFY PUBLIC SECTOR OFFICE ENERGY CONSUMPTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armitage, Peter; Godoy-Shimizu, Daniel; Steemers, Koen; Chenvidyakarn, Torwong

    2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    include a building’s annual CO2 emissions, as well as information on various building characteristics including total floor area, HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) system and details of any renewable energy generated on site. The DEC...

  7. A study of the characteristics of natural light in selected buildings designed by Le Corbusier, Louis I. Kahn and Tadao Ando

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gill, Sukhtej Singh

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    century. The three buildings are the Chapel of Notre Dame du Haut Ronchamp by Le Corbusier, the Kimbell Art Museum by Louis I. Kahn and the Church of the Light by Tadao Ando. The method of analysis is based on the selection of a spatial envelope in each...

  8. Research on the Integration Characteristics of Cooling Energy Recovery from Room Exhausting Cool Air in Summer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, W.; Wu, J.; Wei, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently, the design and construction of buildings and building energy systems are far from reasonable. The requirement and consumption of primary energy resources is aggravated, the use of building energy is free and wasteful, and pollution...

  9. Effects of Courtyard on Thermal Performance of Commercial Buildings in Hot-Dry Climate, Ahmedabad, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, R,

    of the simulation exercise has been established on the available weather data. The result would be the analysis of energy performance of different building models. Keywords: Courtyards, Building Configuration, Energy Consumption, Thermal Simulation, Computer... in reducing energy consumption of buildings. Many research studies suggest that courtyard as a climatic modifier helps in improving thermal environment and enhancing daylight deep into the interior thus reducing energy consumption of the building...

  10. FORESTRY BUILDING: BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FORESTRY BUILDING: BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN Date Adopted: August 18, 2009 Date Revised June 17, 2013 Prepared By: Diana Evans and Jennifer Meyer #12;PURDUE UNIVERSITY BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN VERSION 3 2 Table Suspension or Campus Closure SECTION 3: BUILDING INFORMATION 3.1 Building Deputy/Alternate Building Deputy

  11. BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viglas, Anastasios

    BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING PHARMACY AND BANK BUILDING JOHN WOOLEY BUILDING OLD TEARCHER'S BUILDING PHYSICS BUILDING BAXTER'S LODGE INSTITUTE BUILDING CONSERVATION WORKS R.D.WATT BUILDING MACLEAY BUILDING THE QUARANGLE BADHAM BUILDING J.D. STEWART BUILDING BLACKBURN BUILDING MADSEN BUILDING STORE

  12. Estimation of food consumption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Callaway, J.M. Jr.

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The research reported in this document was conducted as a part of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. The objective of the HEDR Project is to estimate the radiation doses that people could have received from operations at the Hanford Site. Information required to estimate these doses includes estimates of the amounts of potentially contaminated foods that individuals in the region consumed during the study period. In that general framework, the objective of the Food Consumption Task was to develop a capability to provide information about the parameters of the distribution(s) of daily food consumption for representative groups in the population for selected years during the study period. This report describes the methods and data used to estimate food consumption and presents the results developed for Phase I of the HEDR Project.

  13. Exploiting Home Automation Protocols for Load Monitoring in Smart Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    to reduce consumption is also impor- tant. Smart buildings use demand-side energy management to self consumption with renewable generation [17]. Demand- side management requires buildings to 1) continuously mon@cs.williams.edu Abstract Monitoring and controlling electrical loads is crucial for demand-side energy management in smart

  14. Energy Consumption in Data Analysis for On-board and Distributed Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kargupta, Hilol

    Energy Consumption in Data Analysis for On-board and Distributed Applications Ruchita Bhargava Energy consumption is an important issue in the growing number of data mining and machine learning of the energy consumption characteristics of dif- ferent data analysis techniques. The paper com- pares

  15. UNIVERSITY SUSTAINABILITY POLICY A defining characteristic of the UCD Strategic Plan to 2014 is to build on excellence in teaching and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -term commitment to both current and future generations. The vision of a sustainable healthy and living campus of creating a Sustainable Healthy and Living Campus is expressed in the following documents: o UCD StrategicUNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN UNIVERSITY SUSTAINABILITY POLICY #12;A defining characteristic of the UCD

  16. & CONSUMPTION US HYDROPOWER PRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENERGY PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION US HYDROPOWER PRODUCTION In the United States hydropower supplies 12% of the nation's electricity. Hydropower produces more than 90,000 megawatts of electricity, which is enough to meet the needs of 28.3 million consumers. Hydropower accounts for over 90% of all electricity

  17. A Computer Analysis of Energy Use and Energy Conservation Options for a Twelve Story Office Building in Austin, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katipamula, S.; O'Neal, D. L.; Farad, M.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the building. The energy consumption of the building was compared with the energy consumption of the building modified to comply with the proposed ASHRAE 90.1p standards. The base design and the ASHRAE design of the Travis building were evaluated in Brownsville...

  18. Around Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treib, Marc

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Around Buildings W h y startw i t h buildings and w o r k o u t wa r d ? For one, buildings are difficult t o a v o i d these

  19. BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation City of Redwood City 1017 Middlefield Sacramento, Ca 95814-5514 Re: Green Building Ordinance and the Building Energy Efficiency Standards Per of Redwood City enforce the current Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards as part

  20. European Union Energy Performance of Building Directive and the Impact of Building Automation on Energy Efficiency 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirth, U.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gubelstrasse 22 CH-6301 Zug 00 41 41/ 7 24 55 60 wirth.ulrich@siemens.com European Union Energy Performance of Buildings Directive and The impact of Building Automation on Energy Efficiency Buildings account for 40 percent of global energy... consumption. The European Union's 2002 Energy Performance of Buildings Directive takes this fact into account and formulates savings goals. A resulting European standard, and uniform certification, applicable throughout Europe, form the foundation since...

  1. Glass as a Building Element – A Sustainable Approach: A Study of an Existing Academic Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jori, Swapnil Shriram

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    . An energy analysis model of an existing academic building in College Station, Texas was developed using Design Builder computer simulation software. This model was then analyzed for the total amount of energy consumption in the base case. The existing...

  2. Monitoring and Optimization of Building Operations of a Low-Energy School Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koenigsdorff, R.; Heinrich, S.; Baumann, O.; Reiser, C.

    consumption was almost met during the second year of operation in 2006 and finally achieved in 2007, due to well-working optimization measures, which were identified through monitoring of the building operation. Heating and cooling energy is mainly provided...

  3. Energy and Buildings 43 (2011) 14091417 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fung, Benjamin C. M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy and Buildings 43 (2011) 1409­1417 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Energy of occupant behavior on building energy consumption Zhun Yua , Benjamin C.M. Fungb , Fariborz Haghighata: Occupant behavior Building energy consumption Data mining Cluster analysis Grey relational analysis a b

  4. Survey of Energy Efficient Tracking and Localization Techniques in Buildings Using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wieringa, Roel

    's homes and buildings are responsible for 41% of the energy consumption in the European Union and control. This leads to unnecessary energy consumption. Especially in homes and buildings, energy can conditioning, etc.. Both home and building automation heavily rely on sensors and actuators that interchange

  5. Hysteresis effects in hybrid building ventilation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Morris R.

    = Heating, ventilation & air conditioning Buildings and energy consumption #12;· Notwithstanding this energy-breeze, displacement ventilation dissipate internal heat gains e.g. from kitchen stove · Wintertime: Spaces filledHysteresis effects in hybrid building ventilation Morris R. Flynn Dept. of Mechanical & Aerospace

  6. Preliminary Analysis of Energy Consumption For Cool Roofing Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

    decisions by offering design requirements and establishing building codes. Over the last decade, muchPreliminary Analysis of Energy Consumption For Cool Roofing Measures By Joe Mellott, Joshua New to reduce energy demand by reflecting sunlight away from structures and back into the atmosphere. By use

  7. November 2012 Key Performance Indicator (KPI): Energy Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    and district heating scheme* data. Year Energy Consumption (KWh) Percentage Change 2005/06 65,916,243 N/A 2006 buildings are connected to the Nottingham District Heating Scheme. This service meets all the heating requirements by combusting municipal waste to produce hot water. The process significantly saves carbon

  8. Assessment of user satisfaction of restrooms with existing toilet fixtures and new low consumption fixtures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vankamamidi, Neelima Raman

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This research in Langford Building 'A', Texas A&M University, is an attempt to determine the user satisfaction of the new, low consumption toilet fixtures and lavatory valves. 253 surveys were given to the subjects, during ...

  9. Analysis of Building Envelope Construction in 2003 CBECS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winiarski, David W.; Halverson, Mark A.; Jiang, Wei

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this analysis is to determine "typical" building envelope characteristics for buildings built after 1980. We address three envelope components in this paper - roofs, walls, and window area. These typical building envelope characteristics were used in the development of DOE’s Reference Buildings .

  10. ESCO Framework for Public/Federal Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liehr, G.

    Building Technologies ? Siemens 2008 1. Right Approach: Energy-Management an ongoing and evolving process You normally know the energy consumption of your car. What about your building ? ? and compared to others - are you good enough ? #0... (EU Green Building partner) Solution Customer BenefitsBasic Data Success Story ? City of Berlin, Germany The Energy Saving Partnership (ESP) #0;? Guaranteed total savings: 5.3 m ? / a #0;? Immediate budgetary savings for Berlin: 1.14 m ? / a #0...

  11. Improving Device-level Electricity Consumption Breakdowns in Private Households Using ON/OFF Events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    recommen- dations on how to reduce the overall energy consumption of the household. In this paper, we build Descriptors H.4 [Information Systems Applications]: Miscellaneous 1. INTRODUCTION The energy sectorImproving Device-level Electricity Consumption Breakdowns in Private Households Using ON/OFF Events

  12. Modelling Office Energy Consumption: An Agent Based Approach , Peer-Olaf Siebers1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    1 Modelling Office Energy Consumption: An Agent Based Approach Tao Zhang1 , Peer-Olaf Siebers1 integrates four important elements, i.e. organisational energy management policies/regulations, energy, to simulate the energy consumption in office buildings. With the model, we test the effectiveness of different

  13. Energy consumption and comfort analysis for different low-energy cooling systems in a mild climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    1 Energy consumption and comfort analysis for different low- energy cooling systems in a mild. "Energy consumption and comfort analysis for different low-energy cooling systems in a mild climate the architectural and mechanical design of a building. Several researchers have demonstrated the analysis of low-energy

  14. Margins up; consumption down

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mantho, M.

    1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of a survey of dealers in the domestic fuel oil industry are reported. Wholesale prices, reacting to oversupply, decreased as did retail prices; retail prices decreased at a slower rate so profit margins were larger. This trend produced competitive markets as price-cutting became the method for increasing a dealer's share of the profits. Losses to other fuels decreased, when the figures were compared to earlier y; and cash flow was very good for most dealers. In summary, profits per gallon of oil delivered increased, while the consumption of gasoline per customer decreased. 22 tables.

  15. CSV File Documentation: Consumption

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4Consumption The State Energy Data System

  16. Energy consumption of personal computer workstations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szydlowski, R.F.; Chvala, W.D. Jr.

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The explosive growth of the information age has had a profound effect on the appearance of today`s office. Although the telephone still remains an important part of the information exchange and processing system within an office, other electronic devices are now considered required equipment within this environment. This office automation equipment includes facsimile machines, photocopiers, personal computers, printers, modems, and other peripherals. A recent estimate of the installed base indicated that 42 million personal computers and 7.3 million printers are in place, consuming 18.2 billion kWh/yr-and this installed base is growing (Luhn 1992). From a productivity standpoint, it can be argued that this equipment greatly improves the efficiency of those working in the office. But of primary concern to energy system designers, building managers, and electric utilities is the fact that this equipment requires electric energy. Although the impact of each incremental piece of equipment is small, installation of thousands of devices per building has resulted in office automation equipment becoming the major contributor to electric consumption and demand growth in commercial buildings. Personal computers and associated equipment are the dominant part of office automation equipment. In some cases, this electric demand growth has caused office buildings electric and cooling systems to overload.

  17. Markovian Models for Electrical Load Prediction in Smart Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Markovian Models for Electrical Load Prediction in Smart Buildings Muhammad Kumail Haider, Asad,13100004,ihsan.qazi}@lums.edu.pk Abstract. Developing energy consumption models for smart buildings is important develop parsimo- nious Markovian models of smart buildings for different periods in a day for predicting

  18. Searching for the Optimal Mix of Solar and Efficiency in Zero Net Energy Buildings: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horowitz, S.; Christensen, C.; Anderson, R.

    2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zero net energy buildings employ efficiency to reduce energy consumption and solar technologies to produce as much energy on site as is consumed on an annual basis.

  19. Application of the Software as a Service Model to the Control of Complex Building Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to lower building carbon footprint. The Distributed Energyenergy consumption, and carbon footprint. DER-CAM is used toenergy purchases and carbon footprint, future installations

  20. Global Energy, Environmental Trends and Challenges: The Need for Best Building Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartkopf, V.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Generating and Storage Center for Building Performance and Diagnostics, a NSF/IUCRC, and ABSIC at Carnegie Mellon Data source: EIA, Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey 1995; PG&E, Commercial Building Survey Report 1999; UK National Statistics... * Germany average practice is calculated based on the energy consumption measurements of 15 German office buildings built between 1990 and 2002 (with primary energy consumption ranging from 180kWh/m2 to 1,000kWh/m2). Annual Site/Primary Energy Consumption...

  1. Abstract--Energy efficiency for the buildings is vital for the environment and sustainability. Buildings are responsible for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Raj

    1 Abstract--Energy efficiency for the buildings is vital for the environment and sustainability. Buildings are responsible for significant energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions in the United for a multi-disciplinary research project on energy efficiency. We collected the building energy data

  2. Building America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brad Oberg

    2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    IBACOS researched the constructability and viability issues of using high performance windows as one component of a larger approach to building houses that achieve the Building America 70% energy savings target.

  3. Building technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, Roderick

    2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    After growing up on construction sites, Roderick Jackson is now helping to make buildings nationwide far more energy efficient.

  4. Building technologies

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Jackson, Roderick

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    After growing up on construction sites, Roderick Jackson is now helping to make buildings nationwide far more energy efficient.

  5. Beardmore Building

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Priest River, ID Originally built in 1922 by Charles Beardmore, the building housed offices, mercantile shops, a ballroom and a theater. After decades of neglect under outside ownership, Brian Runberg, an architect and great-grandson of Charles Beardmore, purchased the building in 2006 and began an extensive whole building historic restoration.

  6. Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 On this page, you may link...

  7. Impact of Continuous Commissioning® on the Energy Star® Rating of Hospitals and Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Aditya Arun

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Re-commissioning, retro-commissioning, Continuous Commissioning® (CC®) are examples of successful systematic processes implemented in buildings to reduce overall building energy consumption, and improve efficiency of systems and their operations...

  8. Discussion of Problems in the Development of Building Energy Efficiency In China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Y.; Fu, X.; Luo, Q.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the context that Chinese energy shortage is beginning to emerge and China is constructing an economical society, much attention is paid to building energy consumption by the Chinese government and common people. Therefore, Building Energy...

  9. Experimental and Simulation Approaches for Optimizing the Thermal Performance of Building Enclosures Containing Phase Change Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Kyoung Ok

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been proven that the integration of phase change materials (PCM) into building enclosures helps with wall thermal management as well as in reducing building energy consumption. Most older and some current PCM ...

  10. Improved Building Energy Performance Modelling through Comparison of Measured Data with Simulated Results 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bambrook, S.; Jacob, D.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -ICE for the same building. The dataset collected at the demonstration building consists of total energy consumption, weather data, indoor conditions and HVAC system parameters, measured in at least hourly time steps. This paper presents the first steps in modelling...

  11. Application and Design of Residential Building Energy Saving in Cold Climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Z.; Li, D.; Mei, S.; Zhang, G.; Liu, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    combines indoor microclimates in order to decrease the building life cycle energy consumption. The air wall technology is studied for adoption of cold climate features. The research results through a National Demonstration Building Project (NDBP) show...

  12. Improved Building Energy Performance Modelling through Comparison of Measured Data with Simulated Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bambrook, S.; Jacob, D.

    -ICE for the same building. The dataset collected at the demonstration building consists of total energy consumption, weather data, indoor conditions and HVAC system parameters, measured in at least hourly time steps. This paper presents the first steps in modelling...

  13. Discussion of Problems in the Development of Building Energy Efficiency In China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Y.; Fu, X.; Luo, Q.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the context that Chinese energy shortage is beginning to emerge and China is constructing an economical society, much attention is paid to building energy consumption by the Chinese government and common people. Therefore, Building Energy...

  14. Bridging the Gap Between Commissioning Measures and Large Scale Retrofits in Existing Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bynum, J.; Jones, A.; Claridge, D.E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most often commissioning of existing buildings seeks to reduce a building's energy consumption by implementation of operational changes via the existing equipment. In contrast, large scale capital retrofits seek to make major changes...

  15. Analyzing the Impact of Residential Building Attributes, Demographic and Behavioral Factors on Natural Gas Usage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Livingston, Olga V.; Cort, Katherine A.

    2011-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    This analysis examines the relationship between energy demand and residential building attributes, demographic characteristics, and behavioral variables using the U.S. Department of Energy’s Residential Energy Consumption Survey 2005 microdata. This study investigates the applicability of the smooth backfitting estimator to statistical analysis of residential energy consumption via nonparametric regression. The methodology utilized in the study extends nonparametric additive regression via local linear smooth backfitting to categorical variables. The conventional methods used for analyzing residential energy consumption are econometric modeling and engineering simulations. This study suggests an econometric approach that can be utilized in combination with simulation results. A common weakness of previously used econometric models is a very high likelihood that any suggested parametric relationships will be misspecified. Nonparametric modeling does not have this drawback. Its flexibility allows for uncovering more complex relationships between energy use and the explanatory variables than can possibly be achieved by parametric models. Traditionally, building simulation models overestimated the effects of energy efficiency measures when compared to actual "as-built" observed savings. While focusing on technical efficiency, they do not account for behavioral or market effects. The magnitude of behavioral or market effects may have a substantial influence on the final energy savings resulting from implementation of various energy conservation measures and programs. Moreover, variability in behavioral aspects and user characteristics appears to have a significant impact on total energy consumption. Inaccurate estimates of energy consumption and potential savings also impact investment decisions. The existing modeling literature, whether it relies on parametric specifications or engineering simulation, does not accommodate inclusion of a behavioral component. This study attempts to bridge that gap by analyzing behavioral data and investigate the applicability of additive nonparametric regression to this task. This study evaluates the impact of 31 regressors on residential natural gas usage. The regressors include weather, economic variables, demographic and behavioral characteristics, and building attributes related to energy use. In general, most of the regression results were in line with previous engineering and economic studies in this area. There were, however, some counterintuitive results, particularly with regard to thermostat controls and behaviors. There are a number of possible reasons for these counterintuitive results including the inability to control for regional climate variability due to the data sanitization (to prevent identification of respondents), inaccurate data caused by to self-reporting, and the fact that not all relevant behavioral variables were included in the data set, so we were not able to control for them in the study. The results of this analysis could be used as an in-sample prediction for approximating energy demand of a residential building whose characteristics are described by the regressors in this analysis, but a certain combination of their particular values does not exist in the real world. In addition, this study has potential applications for benefit-cost analysis of residential upgrades and retrofits under a fixed budget, because the results of this study contain information on how natural gas consumption might change once a particular characteristic or attribute is altered. Finally, the results of this study can help establish a relationship between natural gas consumption and changes in behavior of occupants.

  16. Using occupancy to reduce energy consumption of buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balaji, Bharathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4.2 Smart Energy Meter . . . . . . 4.2.1 Hardwareconsumption provided the Smart Meter installed can send datahave developed the Smart Energy Meter to monitor and actuate

  17. Using occupancy to reduce energy consumption of buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balaji, Bharathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an office. The reed switch, PIR sensor and our CC2530 basedus- ing Passive Infra Red (PIR) based motion sensors to8]. In most cases these PIR sensors are hard wired to the

  18. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) - U.S...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    1992 Previous Analysis & Projections Maps U. S. Census Regions and Divisions U. S. Climate Zones for 2003 CBECS U. S. Climate Zones for 1979-1999 CBECS How are U.S. Climate...

  19. Using occupancy to reduce energy consumption of buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balaji, Bharathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    can send data in their standard API[13, 27]. The Energyalization tools export a standard API so that they can pull

  20. Using occupancy to reduce energy consumption of buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balaji, Bharathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and is designed with Smart Home applications in mind.Smart Thermostat: Using Occupancy Sensors to Save Energy in Homes.

  1. 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption - What is an RSE

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Utility 2002 ManufacturingTechnical

  2. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) - U.S. Energy

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear21 3.96(92)

  3. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) - U.S. Energy

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear21 3.96(92)Information Administration

  4. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) Public Use Data

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear21 3.96(92)Information

  5. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1992 - Index Page

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear21 3.96(92)Information(92)1992

  6. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1992 - Executive

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469 2,321Spain,606,602

  7. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditures 1992 - Publication

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469 2,321Spain,606,602and Tables and Expenditures

  8. Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) - U.S. Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWPSuccessAlamosCharacterization2Climate,CobaltColdin679Aprildefault

  9. Application and Mode Establishment of Asset-backed Securitization in Existing Large-scale Public Building Retrofit Financing in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, J.; Wu, Y.; Dai, Z.; Hao, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Statistical data for 2005 show that electrical consumption of large-scale public buildings occupying 5 percent of total residential construction area equals 50 percent of the total residential electrical consumption in Beijing. It is necessary...

  10. Monitoring and optimization of energy consumption of base transceiver stations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnuolo, Antonio; Vetromile, Carmela; Formosi, Roberto; Lubritto, Carmine

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth and development of the mobile phone network has led to an increased demand for energy by the telecommunications sector, with a noticeable impact on the environment. Monitoring of energy consumption is a great tool for understanding how to better manage this consumption and find the best strategy to adopt in order to maximize reduction of unnecessary usage of electricity. This paper reports on a monitoring campaign performed on six Base Transceiver Stations (BSs) located central Italy, with different technology, typology and technical characteristics. The study focuses on monitoring energy consumption and environmental parameters (temperature, noise, and global radiation), linking energy consumption with the load of telephone traffic and with the air conditioning functions used to cool the transmission equipment. Moreover, using experimental data collected, it is shown, with a Monte Carlo simulation based on power saving features, how the BS monitored could save energy.

  11. Historic Building Renovations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    When a Federal agency undertakes a renovation to an historic building, the renovation team must consider not only the uses and needs of the facility, but also a range of issues related to historic preservation. Integrating renewable energy such as solar and wind into an historic renovation has been accomplished successfully by agencies; the design and placement of any renewable energy system must be closely integrated with the overall design plans. Any renewable energy additions must maintain the integrity and defining characteristics of the building.

  12. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--CBECS Building Types

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Utility Plants 1998 TablesSize

  13. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Disaggregated Principal Building

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Utility Plants

  14. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Principal Building Activities

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Utility PlantsEnd-UsePrincipal

  15. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Trends in Commercial Buildings

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Utility PlantsEnd-UsePrincipaland

  16. Russia’s R&D for Low Energy Buildings: Insights for Cooperation with Russia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaaf, Rebecca E.; Evans, Meredydd

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Russian buildings, Russian buildings sector energy consumption. Russian government has made R&D investment a priority again. The government and private sector both invest in a range of building energy technologies. In particular, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, district heating, building envelope, and lighting have active technology research projects and programs in Russia.

  17. Impact of Climate Change Heating and Cooling Energy Use in Buildings in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    1 Impact of Climate Change Heating and Cooling Energy Use in Buildings in the United States Haojie activities in buildings. One area directly affected by climate change is the energy consumption for heating data for use in building energy simulations by EnergyPlus. Two types of residential buildings and seven

  18. Simulation- Assisted Audit of an Air Conditioned Office Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertagnolio, S.; Lebrun, J.; Hannay, J.; Silva, C. A.

    , an equation-based building-HVAC simulation tool is used to assist the audit. Fuel and electricity consumption are then interpreted and significant energy saving opportunities are identified....

  19. Trends in Building Energy Usage in Texas State Agencies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, W. E.; Turner, W. D.; O'Neal, D. L.; Seshan, S.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    unit costs for gas and electricity and a lack of incentives for conservation efforts due to the method of utility budget allocations. A building standard signed into law in 1976 could have reduced energy consumption, but was never enforced. Beginning...

  20. Life Cycle Analysis and Energy Conservation Standards for State Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 1995 Ohio passed legislation requiring that all state agencies perform life-cycle cost analyses prior to the construction of new buildings, and energy consumption analyses prior to new leases. ...

  1. The Role of Incentives in Building Controls Marketplace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vanderpool, C.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that innovative solutions can reduce energy consumption by 25 to 40 percent. According to the Energy Information Administration, buildings today consume 42 percent of energy generated, making investing in energy efficiency a critical piece of efforts to reduce...

  2. Experimental Method to Determine the Energy Envelope Performance of Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, J.; Tasca-Guernouti, S. T.; Humbert, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In France, buildings represent 40% of the annual energy consumption. This sector represents an important stack to achieve the objective of reducing by 4 the greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. Knowledge of construction ...

  3. Building Stones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was no good source of local building stone, rock was usuallyrock-cut shrines and especially tombs, and these are the sources

  4. Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the link between the energy risk exposure of a building andreal estate mortgages. Energy risk pricing technology foroffice buildings and their energy risk characteristics. The

  5. Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the link between the energy risk exposure of a building andreal estate mortgages. Energy risk pricing technology foro?ce buildings and their energy risk characteristics. The

  6. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Census Region

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Utility Plants 1998

  7. 1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Year Constructed

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS8) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Utility

  8. CBECS 1992 - Building Characteristics, Detailed Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469 2,321 2,590 1,550 1,460 1977-2013164 167Detailed

  9. Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992 - Publication and Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469 2,321Spain,606,602 1,622,434,507,467

  10. Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1995 - Index Page

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469 2,321Spain,606,602 1,622,434,507,467>Commercial

  11. Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Major Characteristics

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar Apr MayYear Jan Monthly AnnualMajor

  12. Two Similarity Measure Approaches to Whole Building Fault Diagnosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, G.; Claridge, D.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consumption in buildings using similarity measures. The method is referred to as the cosine similarity method if cosine similarity is adopted and is referred to as the Euclidean distance similarity method if Euclidean distance similarity is implemented.... Fig. 1 Block diagram for diagnosing abnormal energy consumption Step 1: Reference Control Change Library Determination Whole building fault diagnosis is different from component level fault diagnosis. It can only give a general clue, for example...

  13. Enabling Advanced Environmental Conditioning with a Building Application Stack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culler, David E.

    consumption by over 80%, while the DCF application can reduce recirculating fan power consumption by half% of our electricity in the U.S. [2], are a prime opportunity for information technology to improve that govern building operation are vertically-integrated, barely programmable, and not extensible

  14. PROJECT GOALS Use electricity accounts and Building Management System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PROJECT GOALS · Use electricity accounts and Building Management System (BMS) data to describe and annual rates of consumption. DESCRIPTION Approximately 82 per cent of the NGA electricity consumption can. Fluctuations in heat or humidity are therefore likely to have a significant influence on electricity

  15. Do LEED-certified buildings save energy? Not really. . . John H. Scofield *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scofield, John H.

    is an energy-efficient building. But until recently there have been little energy- consumption data put forward al. have recently published a re-analysis of energy-consumption data for LEED-certified commercial that for all US commercial buildings [2­4]. Despite shortcomings, the NBI LEED energy data is the most

  16. Experimental Assessment of a Phase Change Material for Wall Building Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for reducing energy consumption in passively designed buildings. This tendency is confirmed by numerous papers room. The test cell is totally controlled so that a typical day can be repeated (temperature and solar% the last 30 years. Housing and tertiary buildings are responsible for the consumption of approximatively 46

  17. Performance of Coupled Building Energy and CFD Simulations Zhiqiang (John) Zhai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    , West Lafayette, IN 47907-2088, USA Abstract The integration of building energy simulation (ES efficiency, and energy consumption. Based on the information, a building designer is able to modify his and accurate convective heat transfers that help ES to calculate more accurately total energy consumption

  18. Toward Web Enhanced Building Automation Ger^ome Bovet and Antonio Ridi and Jean Hennebert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    cost of the energy. Repre- senting 20% to 40% of the global energy bill in Europe and USA, buildings are a major source of energy consumption, actually more important than industry and transportation [27]. In a building, half of the energy consumption comes from the Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning systems

  19. Moving Towards Net-Zero Energy of Existing Building in Hot Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .5% of the building consumption. The second phase yields further reduction of the building energy consumption by about 55.4%. The average payback period of most energy conservation measures is about half year. In the third phase, approximately 27% of the total energy...

  20. Building Energy Certification System: Application to a Building in Lisbon and Paths to a Future Enhanced Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunes, P.; Carrilho da Graca, G.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One objective of this work consists in identifying and analyzing potential measures to improve energy efficiency of the building, associated costs and energy savings. The measures analyzed were: improved lighting, installation of photovoltaic (PV... off the lights when they leave or can be implemented by adoption of motion detectors in the offices. The spaces affected by these measures represent 80% of total lighting consumption and 44% of total electrical consumption in the building. PV...

  1. Social Networking for Sustainable Building Projects http://stanford.edu/~mlepech/research.projects/cife.09.1/cife.socialnetwork.research.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepech, Michael D.

    to climate change2,3 ·Fuel imports such as crude oil impact energy security and threaten economic & political on building energy consumption became very apparent. The majority of the building associated energy consumption occurs during the use phase. The challenge to reducing consumption in the use phase is two

  2. Better Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neukomm, M.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    efficiency as top priority energy resource Revolutionary change in market Robust energy efficiency industry Prime the market for new technology Better Buildings Challenge Goals Make commercial & industrial buildings 20% more efficient by 2020... opportunities for energy efficiency 2 Great opportunities in the residential, commercial and industrial sectors 20% + savings is average Other benefits: Jobs, Environment, Competitiveness But persistent barriers exist?? ?Energy efficiency...

  3. The Influence of Operating Modes, Room Temperature Set Point and Curtain Styles on Energy Consumption of Room Air Conditioner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, J.; Yang, C.; Guo, R.; Wu, D.; Chen, H.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A field investigation was carried out in an office building of Changsha city in winter and summer, the influence of different running modes, curtain styles and room temperature set point on energy consumption of room air conditioner (RAC...

  4. Building technolgies program. 1994 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Selkowitz, S.E.

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of the Building Technologies program is to assist the U.S. building industry in achieving substantial reductions in building sector energy use and associated greenhouse gas emissions while improving comfort, amenity, health, and productivity in the building sector. We have focused our past efforts on two major building systems, windows and lighting, and on the simulation tools needed by researchers and designers to integrate the full range of energy efficiency solutions into achievable, cost-effective design solutions for new and existing buildings. In addition, we are now taking more of an integrated systems and life cycle perspective to create cost-effective solutions for more energy efficient, comfortable, and productive work and living environments. More than 30% of all energy use in buildings is attributable to two sources: windows and lighting. Together they account for annual consumer energy expenditures of more than $50 billion. Each affects not only energy use by other major building systems, but also comfort and productivity-factors that influence building economics far more than does direct energy consumption alone. Windows play a unique role in the building envelope, physically separating the conditioned space from the world outside without sacrificing vital visual contact. Throughout every space in a building, lighting systems facilitate a variety of tasks associated with a wide range of visual requirements while defining the luminous qualities of the indoor environment. Window and lighting systems are thus essential components of any comprehensive building science program.

  5. Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) is mandated by Congress to be the agency that collects, analyzes, and disseminates impartial, comprehensive data about energy including the volume consumed, its customers, and the purposes for which it is used. The Federal Buildings Supplemental Survey (FBSS) was conducted by EIA in conjunction with DOE`s Office of Federal Energy Management Programs (OFEMP) to gain a better understanding of how Federal buildings use energy. This report presents the data from 881 completed telephone interviews with Federal buildings in three Federal regions. These buildings were systematically selected using OFEMP`s specifications; therefore, these data do not statistically represent all Federal buildings in the country. The purpose of the FBSS was threefold: (1) to understand the characteristics of Federal buildings and their energy use; (2) to provide a baseline in these three Federal regions to measure future energy use in Federal buildings as required in EPACT; and (3) to compare building characteristics and energy use with the data collected in the CBECS.

  6. Sub-metering to Electricity Use in Large-scale Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan, W.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~240Hotel251218113~129Office Building181118103~119government office building4582775~89 #0;?#0;? Great Difference between each type Sub-metering and statistics to electricity use in commercial buildings 5 Situation of Energy consumption in Large...Sub-metering to Electricity Use in Large-scale Commercial Buildings Wang YuanTsinghua University2006.11 Sub-metering and statistics to electricity use in commercial buildings 2 Index #0;?#0;? Situation of Energy consumption in commercial buildings...

  7. Pitfalls in Building and HVAC Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gidwani, B. N.

    PITFALLS IN BUILDING AND HVAC SYSTEMS B. N. Gidwani, P.E. Roy F. Weston, Inc. West Chester, Pennsylvania ABSTRACT The purpose of an energy audit is to identify and analyze areas of energy consumption and to pro pose methods of conservation.... In the process of completing an audit the following areas of consump tion should be considered: ? Building Envelope ? Air-Handling Systems ? Chilled Water Systems ? Boiler Systems ? Lighting/Electrical Systems Within these areas many potential...

  8. Searching for the Optimal Mix of Solar and Efficiency in Zero Net Energy Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horowitz, S.; Christensen, C.; Anderson, R.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zero net energy (ZNE) buildings employ efficiency to reduce energy consumption and solar technologies to produce as much energy on site as is consumed on an annual basis. Such buildings leverage utility grids and net-metering agreements to reduce solar system costs and maintenance requirements relative to off-grid photovoltaic (PV)-powered buildings with batteries. The BEopt software was developed to efficiently identify cost-optimal building designs using detailed hour-by-hour energy simulation programs to evaluate the user-selected options. A search technique identifies optimal and near-optimal building designs (based on energy-related costs) at various levels of energy savings along the path from a reference building to a ZNE design. In this paper, we describe results based on use of the BEopt software to develop cost-optimal paths to ZNE for various climates. Comparing the different cases shows optimal building design characteristics, percent energy savings and cash flows at key points along the path, including the point at which investments shift from building improvements to purchasing PV, and PV array sizes required to achieve ZNE. From optimizations using the BEopt software for a 2,000-ft{sup 2} house in 4 climates, we conclude that, relative to a code-compliant (IECC 2006) reference house, the following are achievable: (1) minimum cost point: 22 to 38% source energy savings and 15 to 24% annual cash flow savings; (2) PV start point: 40 to 49% source energy savings at 10 to 12% annual cash flow savings; (3) break-even point: 43 to 53% source energy savings at 0% annual cash flow savings; and (4) ZNE point: 100% source energy savings with 4.5 to 8.1 kW{sub DC} PV arrays and 76 to 169% increase in cash flow.

  9. Producing Quail for Home Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornberry, Fredrick D.

    1998-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Hobby and backyard producers are becoming interested in producing quail for home consumption. This publication gives tips on housing and brooding, nutrition, lighting, cannibalism, health and slaughter. It includes three recipes....

  10. US WSC TX Site Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    an average of 77 million Btu per year, about 14% less than the U.S. average. * Average electricity consumption per Texas home is 26% higher than the national average, but...

  11. US ESC TN Site Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    an average of 79 million Btu per year, about 12% less than the U.S. average. * Average electricity consumption for Tennessee households is 33% higher than the national average...

  12. Progressive consumption : strategic sustainable excess

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonham, Daniel J. (Daniel Joseph MacLeod)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Trends in the marketplace show that urban dwellers are increasingly supporting locally produced foods. This thesis argues for an architecture that responds to our cultures consumptive behaviors. Addressing the effects of ...

  13. The Wealth-Consumption Ratio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verdelhan, Adrien Frederic

    We derive new estimates of total wealth, the returns on total wealth, and the wealth effect on consumption. We estimate the prices of aggregate risk from bond yields and stock returns using a no-arbitrage model. Using these ...

  14. The potential for distributed generation in Japanese prototype buildings: A DER-CAM analysis of policy, tariff design, building energy use, and technology development (English Version)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru

    2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The August 2003 blackout of the northeastern U.S. and CANADA caused great economic losses and inconvenience to New York City and other affected areas. The blackout was a warning to the rest of the world that the ability of conventional power systems to meet growing electricity demand is questionable. Failure of large power systems can lead to serious emergencies. Introduction of on-site generation, renewable energy such as solar and wind power and the effective utilization of exhaust heat is needed, to meet the growing energy demands of the residential and commercial sectors. Additional benefit can be achieved by integrating these distributed technologies into distributed energy resource (DER) systems. This work demonstrates a method for choosing and designing economically optimal DER systems. An additional purpose of this research is to establish a database of energy tariffs, DER technology cost and performance characteristics, and building energy consumption for Japan. This research builds on prior DER studies at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and with their associates in the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) and operation, including the development of the microgrid concept, and the DER selection optimization program, the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM). DER-CAM is a tool designed to find the optimal combination of installed equipment and an idealized operating schedule to minimize a site's energy bills, given performance and cost data on available DER technologies, utility tariffs, and site electrical and thermal loads over a test period, usually an historic year. Since hourly electric and thermal energy data are rarely available, they are typically developed by building simulation for each of six end use loads used to model the building: electric-only loads, space heating, space cooling, refrigeration, water heating, and natural-gas-only loads. DER-CAM provides a global optimization, albeit idealized, that shows how the necessary useful energy loads can be provided for at minimum cost by selection and operation of on-site generation, heat recovery, cooling, and efficiency improvements. This study examines five prototype commercial buildings and uses DER-CAM to select the economically optimal DER system for each. The five building types are office, hospital, hotel, retail, and sports facility. Each building type was considered for both 5,000 and 10,000 square meter floor sizes. The energy consumption of these building types is based on building energy simulation and published literature. Based on the optimization results, energy conservation and the emissions reduction were also evaluated. Furthermore, a comparison study between Japan and the U.S. has been conducted covering the policy, technology and the utility tariffs effects on DER systems installations. This study begins with an examination of existing DER research. Building energy loads were then generated through simulation (DOE-2) and scaled to match available load data in the literature. Energy tariffs in Japan and the U.S. were then compared: electricity prices did not differ significantly, while commercial gas prices in Japan are much higher than in the U.S. For smaller DER systems, the installation costs in Japan are more than twice those in the U.S., but this difference becomes smaller with larger systems. In Japan, DER systems are eligible for a 1/3 rebate of installation costs, while subsidies in the U.S. vary significantly by region and application. For 10,000 m{sup 2} buildings, significant decreases in fuel consumption, carbon emissions, and energy costs were seen in the economically optimal results. This was most noticeable in the sports facility, followed the hospital and hotel. This research demonstrates that office buildings can benefit from CHP, in contrast to popular opinion. For hospitals and sports facilities, the use of waste heat is particularly effective for water and space heating. For the other building types, waste heat is most effectively use

  15. The Optimizing Control and Energy Saving Operations of One Teaching Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, J.; Chen, Y.; Chen, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : cold source; energy-saving operation; number control; water temperature control 1. FOREWORD With the fast development of economy and technology, it becomes more and more popular for the public buildings to adopt the central air conditioning... systems. This phenomenon causes the sharp increase of the energy consumption on air conditioning systems, which accounts for 50% of the total energy consumption of buildings[1]. In addition, the energy consumption of the cold source system...

  16. Manufacturing consumption of energy 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides estimates on energy consumption in the manufacturing sector of the US economy. These estimates are based on data from the 1991 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS). This survey--administered by the Energy End Use and Integrated Statistics Division, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Energy Information Administration (EIA)--is the most comprehensive source of national-level data on energy-related information for the manufacturing industries.

  17. Building America Webinar: Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings Building America Webinar: Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings This webinar was presented by research team Consortium for Advanced Residential...

  18. Building America Expert Meeting: Transforming Existing Buildings...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Transforming Existing Buildings through New Media--An Idea Exchange Building America Expert Meeting: Transforming Existing Buildings through New Media--An Idea Exchange This report...

  19. Handbook of energy use for building construction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, R.G.; Stein, C.; Buckley, M.; Green, M.

    1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The construction industry accounts for over 11.14% of the total energy consumed in the US annually. This represents the equivalent energy value of 1 1/4 billion barrels of oil. Within the construction industry, new building construction accounts for 5.19% of national annual energy consumption. The remaining 5.95% is distributed among new nonbuilding construction (highways, ralroads, dams, bridges, etc.), building maintenance construction, and nonbuilding maintenance construction. The handbook focuses on new building construction; however, some information for the other parts of the construction industry is also included. The handbook provides building designers with information to determine the energy required for buildings construction and evaluates the energy required for alternative materials, assemblies, and methods. The handbook is also applicable to large-scale planning and policy determination in that it provides the means to estimate the energy required to carry out major building programs.

  20. Data Center Power Consumption | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Power Consumption Data Center Power Consumption Presentation covers the FUPWG Fall Meeting, held on November 28-29, 2007 in San Diego, California. fupwgsandiegomainers.pdf More...

  1. New York: Weatherizing Westbeth Reduces Energy Consumption |...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    New York: Weatherizing Westbeth Reduces Energy Consumption New York: Weatherizing Westbeth Reduces Energy Consumption August 21, 2013 - 12:00am Addthis The New York State Homes and...

  2. Demonstrating Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions with...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions with Next Generation Model-Based Diesel Engine Control Demonstrating Fuel Consumption and Emissions Reductions with Next Generation...

  3. Office Buildings: Assessing and Reducing Plug and Process Loads in Office Buildings (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plug and process loads (PPLs) in commercial buildings account for almost 5% of U.S. primary energy consumption. Minimizing these loads is a primary challenge in the design and operation of an energy-efficient building. PPLs are not related to general lighting, heating, ventilation, cooling, and water heating, and typically do not provide comfort to the occupants. They use an increasingly large fraction of the building energy use pie because the number and variety of electrical devices have increased along with building system efficiency. Reducing PPLs is difficult because energy efficiency opportunities and the equipment needed to address PPL energy use in office spaces are poorly understood.

  4. Retail Buildings: Assessing and Reducing Plug and Process Loads in Retail Buildings (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plug and process loads (PPLs) in commercial buildings account for almost 5% of U.S. primary energy consumption. Minimizing these loads is a primary challenge in the design and operation of an energy-efficient building. PPLs are not related to general lighting, heating, ventilation, cooling, and water heating, and typically do not provide comfort to the occupants. They use an increasingly large fraction of the building energy use pie because the number and variety of electrical devices have increased along with building system efficiency. Reducing PPLs is difficult because energy efficiency opportunities and the equipment needed to address PPL energy use in retail spaces are poorly understood.

  5. Improving Operational Strategies of an Institutional Building in Kuwait 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Ragom, F.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and lab/office equipment. The base consumption of the building was found to be 800 MWh per month. This amount was being consumed regularly throughout the year, and it represented the minimum consumption of the winter months. By inspecting the building... consumption of the side lamps assuming an average lamp rating of 60W and that they are used 5 days a week for 7.5 hours per day will be 11 MWh/year. To change the employees habits with regards to utilization of lighting system, the third strategy...

  6. Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cree, Johnathan V.; Dansu, A.; Fuhr, P.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; McIntyre, T.; Muehleisen, Ralph T.; Starke, M.; Banerjee, Pranab; Kuruganti, T.; Castello, C.

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Buildings Technologies Office (BTO), within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), is initiating a new program in Sensor and Controls. The vision of this program is: • Buildings operating automatically and continuously at peak energy efficiency over their lifetimes and interoperating effectively with the electric power grid. • Buildings that are self-configuring, self-commissioning, self-learning, self-diagnosing, self-healing, and self-transacting to enable continuous peak performance. • Lower overall building operating costs and higher asset valuation. The overarching goal is to capture 30% energy savings by enhanced management of energy consuming assets and systems through development of cost-effective sensors and controls. One step in achieving this vision is the publication of this Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide. The purpose of the guide is to inform building owners and operators of the current status, capabilities, and limitations of sensor technologies. It is hoped that this guide will aid in the design and procurement process and result in successful implementation of building sensor and control systems. DOE will also use this guide to identify research priorities, develop future specifications for potential market adoption, and provide market clarity through unbiased information

  7. Building Science

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 25, 2012, and addressed the question ŤHow do we first do no harm with high-r enclosures??

  8. Building debris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahmen, Joseph (Joseph F. D.)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis relates architectural practices to intelligent use of resources and the reuse of derelict spaces. The initial investigation of rammed earth as a building material is followed by site-specific operations at the ...

  9. Building Stones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1992 Are the pyramids of Egypt built of poured concreteel-Anba’ut, Red Sea coast, Egypt. Marmora 6, pp. 45 - 56.building stones of ancient Egypt are those relatively soft,

  10. Healthy buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book is covered under the following headings: Healthy building strategies/productivity, Energy and design issues, Ventilation, Contaminants, Thermal, airflow, and humidity issues, School-related issues, Sources and sinks, Filtering, Operation and maintenance.

  11. Healthy buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geshwiler, M.; Montgomery, L.; Moran, M. (eds.)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This proceedings is of the Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Conference held September 4--8, 1991 in Washington, D.C. Entitled the IAQ 91, Healthy Buildings,'' the major topics of discussion included: healthy building strategies/productivity; energy and design issues; ventilation; contaminants; thermal, airflow, and humidity issues; school-related issues; sources and sinks; filtering; and operation and maintenance. For these conference proceedings, individual papers are processed separately for input into the Energy Data Base. (BN)

  12. A Retrofit Tool for Improving Energy Efficiency of Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, Mark; Feng, Wei; Ke, Jing; Hong, Tianzhen; Zhou, Nan

    2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Existing buildings will dominate energy use in commercial buildings in the United States for three decades or longer and even in China for the about two decades. Retrofitting these buildings to improve energy efficiency and reduce energy use is thus critical to achieving the target of reducing energy use in the buildings sector. However there are few evaluation tools that can quickly identify and evaluate energy savings and cost effectiveness of energy conservation measures (ECMs) for retrofits, especially for buildings in China. This paper discusses methods used to develop such a tool and demonstrates an application of the tool for a retrofit analysis. The tool builds on a building performance database with pre-calculated energy consumption of ECMs for selected commercial prototype buildings using the EnergyPlus program. The tool allows users to evaluate individual ECMs or a package of ECMs. It covers building envelope, lighting and daylighting, HVAC, plug loads, service hot water, and renewable energy. The prototype building can be customized to represent an actual building with some limitations. Energy consumption from utility bills can be entered into the tool to compare and calibrate the energy use of the prototype building. The tool currently can evaluate energy savings and payback of ECMs for shopping malls in China. We have used the tool to assess energy and cost savings for retrofit of the prototype shopping mall in Shanghai. Future work on the tool will simplify its use and expand it to cover other commercial building types and other countries.

  13. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Supermarket

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  14. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Warehouse

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  15. Sustainable Energy Future in China's Building Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, J.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gases emission. Energy consumption in buildings could be reduced by 100-300 million tons of oil equivalent (mtoe) in 2030 compared to the business-as-usual (BAU) scenario, which means that 600-700 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions...

  16. Buildings That Think Green (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Majumdar, Arun

    2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings are the SUVs of U.S. energy consumption, gobbling up 71 percent of the nation's electricity. In this Sept. 22, 2008 talk, Arun Majumdar, Director of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division, discusses how scientists are creating a new generation of net-zero energy, carbon-neutral buildings.

  17. Procedure for Measuring and Reporting Commercial Building Energy Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barley, D.; Deru, M.; Pless, S.; Torcellini, P.

    2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This procedure is intended to provide a standard method for measuring and characterizing the energy performance of commercial buildings. The procedure determines the energy consumption, electrical energy demand, and on-site energy production in existing commercial buildings of all types. The performance metrics determined here may be compared against benchmarks to evaluate performance and verify that performance targets have been achieved.

  18. Energy efficient building design: Guidelines for local government

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balon, R.J.

    1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of the project was to develop an effective, in-house energy review process for County building design, covering new buildings and major renovations of existing buildings. Montgomery County enacted regulations for energy efficient design of buildings in July 1986. In essence, the regulation sets energy consumption limits for buildings and calls for life-cycle-cost analysis of design choices. In the course of this project significant achievements were realized in the following areas: Energy Design Guidelines were established or refined in several areas of energy technology and design practice. The Energy Review Process was formalized and implemented. Energy personnel received supplemental training in lighting technologies and design methods, energy analysis programs and commercial design standards. The key technical findings of the project are as follows: A combination of energy design tools was found to provide optimum results, including energy analysis, life-cycle-cost analysis, prescriptive standards and guide specifications. There is a dramatic decrease in design energy consumption in buildings processed under the guidelines, ranging from 30 % to 50 % decrease in energy consumption compared to existing County buildings. On average, it was found that energy-efficient new buildings cost no more to build than energy-hog buildings. An economic analysis indicates a very high rate of return in utility savings compared to the cost of implementing the program. 10 figs.

  19. Evaluation of Vegetative Roofs' Performance on Energy Consumption in Hot and Humid Climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, J.; Azarbayjani, M.

    with Building (6) is that it is located in (Florida), whereas the other buildings are located in cold climates (Maryland, New York, and south Texas). In hot climates most of the energy consumption is used for the air-conditioning of the buildings..., whereas in cold climates most of the energy is used for heating the buildings. However, it could be argued that it is more energy consuming to cool a space than to heat it. This is attributed to the fact that there is heat dissipation from light...

  20. Building As Power Plant - BAPP/Invention Works Project at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh PA, USA 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartkopf, V.; Archer, D.; Loftness, V.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Fine Arts. The building will be equipped with a decentralized energy generation system in the form of a combined heat and power plant. This will include a 250 kW Siemens Westinghouse Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC), heat recovery steam generator, steam... Photovoltaic, SOFC means Solid-Oxide Fuel Cell Energy Consumptions Compared to BAPP Data source: EIA, Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey 1995; PG&E, Commercial Building Survey Report 1999; UK National Statistics * Germany average practice...

  1. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A8. Number of Establishments in Building, Floorspace for All Buildings (Including Malls), 2003 Total Floorspace (million square feet) All Buildings Number of Establishments in...

  2. Building Technologies Residential Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Secrest, Thomas J.

    2005-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Introduction A telephone survey of 1,025 residential occupants was administered in late October for the Building Technologies Program (BT) to gather information on residential occupant attitudes, behaviors, knowledge, and perceptions. The next section, Survey Results, provides an overview of the responses, with major implications and caveats. Additional information is provided in three appendices as follows: - Appendix A -- Summary Response: Provides summary tabular data for the 13 questions that, with subparts, comprise a total of 25 questions. - Appendix B -- Benchmark Data: Provides a benchmark by six categories to the 2001 Residential Energy Consumption Survey administered by EIA. These were ownership, heating fuel, geographic location, race, household size and income. - Appendix C -- Background on Survey Method: Provides the reader with an understanding of the survey process and interpretation of the results.

  3. A Methodology to Identify Monthly Energy Use Models from Utility Bill Data for Seasonally Scheduled Buildings: Application to K-12 Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, W.; Claridge, D. E.; Reddy, T. A.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The measured energy savings from retrofits in buildings is often determined as the difference between the energy consumption predicted by a baseline model and the measured energy consumption during the post retrofit period. Most baseline models...

  4. Automatic flush valve performance (gallons per flush) measured from fixtures in a mixed-use classroom/office building at Texas A&M University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lertbannaphong, Salilla

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    flush valve performance (gpf) of fixtures in a mixed use classroom building at Texas A&M University. Water consumption (gpf) among three types of fixtures; low-consumption manual, old optic automatic and improved optic automatic systems are measured...

  5. Evidence-based calibration of a building energy simulation model: Application to an office building in Belgium 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertagnolio, S.; Randaxhe, F.; Lemort, V.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy services play a growing role in the control of energy consumption and the improvement of energy efficiency in non-residential buildings. This work consists in the application of a simulation-based approach dedicated to whole-building energy...

  6. The Persistence of Savings Obtained from Commissioning of Existing Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Sool Yeon

    2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Percentage HW Energy Savings after CC Activity 47 4.4 Yearly Electric Energy Savings after CC Activity Based on pre-CC Energy Consumption Baseline 48 4.5 Trends of Savings for the 10 Buildings after Continuous Commissioning... 50 5.1 Comparison of Pre... very well for residential houses with both daily and monthly data but not for commercial buildings since scheduling effects play a major role in the energy consumption pattern of most commercial buildings (Liu, 1993). The equations 2.3 and 2.4 express...

  7. Control, Estimation and Optimization of Energy Efficient Buildings Jeff Borggaard , John A. Burns , Amit Surana , Lizette Zietsman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, John A.

    Control, Estimation and Optimization of Energy Efficient Buildings Jeff Borggaard , John A. Burns-- Commercial buildings are responsible for a sig- nificant fraction of the energy consumption and greenhouse efficient buildings can have a tremendous impact on energy cost and greenhouse gas emission. Buildings

  8. Benchmarking Buildings to Prioritize Sites for Emissions Analysis

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    When actual energy use by building type is known, benchmarking the performance of those buildings to industry averages can help establish those with greatest opportunities for GHG reduction. Energy intensity can be used as a basis for benchmarking by building type and can be calculated using actual energy use, representative buildings, or available average estimates from agency energy records. Energy intensity should be compared to industry averages, such as the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) or an agency specific metered sample by location.

  9. Building Interoperability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy FutureDepartment of Energy Building Energy-EfficientBuilding

  10. Building Interoperability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy FutureDepartment of Energy Building Energy-EfficientBuilding

  11. Lifestyle Factors in U.S. Residential Electricity Consumption

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanquist, Thomas F.; Orr, Heather M.; Shui, Bin; Bittner, Alvah C.

    2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    A multivariate statistical approach to lifestyle analysis of residential electricity consumption is described and illustrated. Factor analysis of selected variables from the 2005 U.S. Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) identified five lifestyle factors reflecting social and behavioral choices associated with air conditioning, laundry usage, personal computer usage, climate zone of residence, and TV use. These factors were also estimated for 2001 RECS data. Multiple regression analysis using the lifestyle factors yields solutions accounting for approximately 40% of the variance in electricity consumption for both years. By adding the associated household and market characteristics of income, local electricity price and access to natural gas, variance accounted for is increased to approximately 54%. Income contributed only {approx}1% unique variance to the 2005 and 2001 models, indicating that lifestyle factors reflecting social and behavioral choices better account for consumption differences than income. This was not surprising given the 4-fold range of energy use at differing income levels. Geographic segmentation of factor scores is illustrated, and shows distinct clusters of consumption and lifestyle factors, particularly in suburban locations. The implications for tailored policy and planning interventions are discussed in relation to lifestyle issues.

  12. Energy Analysis and Energy Conservation Options for the Addition to Records Storage Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farzad, M.; O'Neal, D. L.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    analyzed using the DOE 2.1B building energy simulation program. An analysis was made for the building as specified in schematic designs and primary drawings. To reduce the solar heat gain of the building through the windows and skylights, a glass with high..., and implementing the proposed ASHRAE standards. Finally, the energy consumption of the building was compared with the energy consumption of the building with solar film and other options which conformed to the proposed ASHRAE energy standard. SUMMARY The energy...

  13. Energy Sensing and Monitoring Framework with an Integrated Communication Backbone in Energy Efficient Intelligent Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Raj

    Building, Communication, Sustainability, Smart Energy, Smart Box, Cloud Computing, Smart Phone. Abstract Efficient Intelligent Buildings Jianli Pan1, 3, a , Shanzhi Chen2, b , Raj Jain3, c , Subharthi Paul3, d 1. Building environments are significant sources of global energy consumption. To create energy efficient

  14. Feature Selection for Support Vector Regression in the Application of Building Energy Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Feature Selection for Support Vector Regression in the Application of Building Energy Prediction--When using support vector regression to predict building energy consumption, since the energy influence and reduces the computational time. Keywords-support vector regression; feature selection; build- ing; energy

  15. Energy and Buildings 81 (2014) 371380 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy and Buildings 81 (2014) 371­380 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Energy buildings. Improved HVAC control may reduce its energy consumption without additional costs. The supervisory and Buildings journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/enbuild Performance optimization of HVAC systems

  16. A Multi-objective Approach to Balance Buildings Construction Cost and Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamadi, Yousseff

    A Multi-objective Approach to Balance Buildings Construction Cost and Energy Efficiency ´Alvaro Fialho 1 and Youssef Hamadi 2 and Marc Schoenauer 3 Abstract. The issue of energy efficiency of buildings for Sustainable De- velopment [14], the building sector is responsible for the most impor- tant energy consumption

  17. Label Building Natural Gas Usage Form 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin:DeploymentSite Name:24,High naturalProsperityNatural Gas Usage

  18. Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.1 Federal Buildings Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of63 National51 FY

  19. Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.1 Federal Buildings Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of63 National51 FY2

  20. Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.1 Federal Buildings Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of63 National51 FY23

  1. Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.1 Federal Buildings Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of63 National51 FY234

  2. Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.4 Legislation Affecting Energy Consumption of Federal Buildings and Facilities

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of63 National511

  3. Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.4 Legislation Affecting Energy Consumption of Federal Buildings and Facilities

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of63 National5112

  4. Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.4 Legislation Affecting Energy Consumption of Federal Buildings and Facilities

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of63 National51123

  5. Buildings Energy Data Book: 8.1 Buildings Sector Water Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share of6351Water Use1231

  6. Buildings Energy Data Book: 8.1 Buildings Sector Water Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share221 Total Use of Water

  7. Buildings Energy Data Book: 8.1 Buildings Sector Water Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share221 Total Use of

  8. Buildings Energy Data Book: 8.1 Buildings Sector Water Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share221 Total Use of4

  9. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMForms About Batteries Batteries AnVirtualcapture8.1Most Popular U.S.

  10. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMForms About Batteries Batteries AnVirtualcapture8.1Most Popular U.S.3

  11. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us0 BTS5The0

  12. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us0 BTS5The01

  13. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us0 BTS5The012

  14. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us0 BTS5The0123

  15. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us0

  16. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us04 2010 U.S.

  17. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us04 2010 U.S.5

  18. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us04 2010

  19. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us04 20107 2035

  20. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us04 20107

  1. Buildings Energy Data Book: 1.1 Buildings Sector Energy Consumption

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate - pipeline1.1Contact Us04 201079

  2. Lessons Learned from Case Studies of Six High-Performance Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torcellini, P.; Pless, S.; Deru, M.; Griffith, B.; Long, N.; Judkoff, R.

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial buildings have a significant impact on energy use and the environment. They account for approximately 18% (17.9 quads) of the total primary energy consumption in the United States (DOE 2005). The energy used by the building sector continues to increase, primarily because new buildings are added to the national building stock faster than old buildings are retired. Energy consumption by commercial buildings will continue to increase until buildings can be designed to produce more energy than they consume. As a result, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building Technologies Program has established a goal to create the technology and knowledge base for marketable zero-energy commercial buildings (ZEBs) by 2025.

  3. Predicting Future Hourly Residential Electrical Consumption: A Machine Learning Case Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, Richard E [ORNL; New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL; Parker, Lynne Edwards [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Whole building input models for energy simulation programs are frequently created in order to evaluate specific energy savings potentials. They are also often utilized to maximize cost-effective retrofits for existing buildings as well as to estimate the impact of policy changes toward meeting energy savings goals. Traditional energy modeling suffers from several factors, including the large number of inputs required to characterize the building, the specificity required to accurately model building materials and components, simplifying assumptions made by underlying simulation algorithms, and the gap between the as-designed and as-built building. Prior works have attempted to mitigate these concerns by using sensor-based machine learning approaches to model energy consumption. However, a majority of these prior works focus only on commercial buildings. The works that focus on modeling residential buildings primarily predict monthly electrical consumption, while commercial models predict hourly consumption. This means there is not a clear indicator of which techniques best model residential consumption, since these methods are only evaluated using low-resolution data. We address this issue by testing seven different machine learning algorithms on a unique residential data set, which contains 140 different sensors measurements, collected every 15 minutes. In addition, we validate each learner's correctness on the ASHRAE Great Energy Prediction Shootout, using the original competition metrics. Our validation results confirm existing conclusions that Neural Network-based methods perform best on commercial buildings. However, the results from testing our residential data set show that Feed Forward Neural Networks, Support Vector Regression (SVR), and Linear Regression methods perform poorly, and that Hierarchical Mixture of Experts (HME) with Least Squares Support Vector Machines (LS-SVM) performs best - a technique not previously applied to this domain.

  4. Lodging Buildings

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million Cubic Feet) 3 0 0 0 156 57Consumption Survey

  5. Home | Better Buildings Workforce

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Better Buildings Logo EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Search form Search Search Better Buildings Logo Connect with Us LinkedIn Twitter Better Buildings...

  6. Sault Tribe Building Efficiency Energy Audits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holt, Jeffrey W.

    2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians is working to reduce energy consumption and expense in Tribally-owned governmental buildings. The Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians will conduct energy audits of nine Tribally-owned governmental buildings in three counties in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to provide a basis for evaluating and selecting the technical and economic viability of energy efficiency improvement options. The Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians will follow established Tribal procurement policies and procedures to secure the services of a qualified provider to conduct energy audits of nine designated buildings. The contracted provider will be required to provide a progress schedule to the Tribe prior to commencing the project and submit an updated schedule with their monthly billings. Findings and analysis reports will be required for buildings as completed, and a complete Energy Audit Summary Report will be required to be submitted with the provider?s final billing. Conducting energy audits of the nine governmental buildings will disclose building inefficiencies to prioritize and address, resulting in reduced energy consumption and expense. These savings will allow Tribal resources to be reallocated to direct services, which will benefit Tribal members and families.

  7. Energy use in office buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the report on Task IB, Familiarization with Additional Data Collection Plans of Annual Survey of BOMA Member and Non-Member Buildings in 20 Cities, of the Energy Use in Office Buildings project. The purpose of the work was to monitor and understand the efforts of the Building Owners and Managers Association International (BOMA) in gathering an energy-use-oriented data base. In order to obtain an improved data base encompassing a broad spectrum of office space and with information suitable for energy analysis in greater detail than is currently available, BOMA undertook a major data-collection effort. Based on a consideration of geographic area, climate, population, and availability of data, BOMA selected twenty cities for data collection. BOMA listed all of the major office space - buildings in excess of 40,000 square feet - in each of the cities. Tax-assessment records, local maps, Chamber of Commerce data, recent industrial-development programs, results of related studies, and local-realtor input were used in an effort to assemble a comprehensive office-building inventory. In order to verify the accuracy and completeness of the building lists, BOMA assembled an Ad-Hoc Review Committee in each city to review the assembled inventory of space. A questionnaire on office-building energy use and building characteristics was developed. In each city BOMA assembled a data collection team operating under the supervision of its regional affiliate to gather the data. For each city a random sample of buildings was selected, and data were gathered. Responses for over 1000 buildings were obtained.

  8. Uncalibrated Building Energy Simulation Modeling Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, M.; Culp, C.H.

    for the Level 1 and Level 2 models with measured data for WERC (2004 post-commissioning data). ESL-PA-06-10-01 VOLUME 12, NUMBER 4, OCTOBER 2006 1151 Figure 6. Comparison of simulated daily total energy consumption for the Level 1 and Level 2 models with 1999...,450 m2]), the simulation using 1999 data underestimates the energy use in all categories except the whole building electrical usage. Table 3 identifies the magnitude of these discrepancies for a full year’s consumption. The Level 1 model actually per...

  9. Essays on aggregate and individual consumption fluctuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Youngjin

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis consists of three essays on aggregate and individual consumption fluctuations. Chapter 1 develops a quantitative model to explore aggregate and individual consumption dynamics when the income process exhibits ...

  10. Building Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) - Building...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    about BEopt. See an example of a Building America project that used BEopt. Find more case studies of Building America projects across the country that incorporate BEopt when...

  11. State energy data report 1992: Consumption estimates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a report of energy consumption by state for the years 1960 to 1992. The report contains summaries of energy consumption for the US and by state, consumption by source, comparisons to other energy use reports, consumption by energy use sector, and describes the estimation methodologies used in the preparation of the report. Some years are not listed specifically although they are included in the summary of data.

  12. MODELICA LIBRARY FOR SIMULATING ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF AUXILIARY UNITS IN HEAVY VEHICLES1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    MODELICA LIBRARY FOR SIMULATING ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF AUXILIARY UNITS IN HEAVY VEHICLES1 Niklas, a model library is developed in the modelling language Modelica. The library contains a mixture of models library are presented. The Modelica language is used to build models with a modular structure. Figure 1

  13. Considering the Energy Consumption of Mobile Storage Alternatives Fengzhou Zheng # Nitin Garg # Sumeet Sobti # Chi Zhang # Russell E. Joseph +

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamurthy, Arvind

    Considering the Energy Consumption of Mobile Storage Alternatives Fengzhou Zheng # Nitin Garg it is true that a log­structured storage system can translate its performance benefits into energy savings This paper is motivated by a simple question: what are the energy consumption characteristics of mobile

  14. Energy Consumption ESPRIMO E7935 E80+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ott, Albrecht

    Computers is also taking significant effort to reduce the energy consumption in data centres by providingEnergy Consumption ESPRIMO E7935 E80+ White Paper Issue: September 2008 In order to strengthen all important energy information about their products. With the publication of energy consumption

  15. Ethanol Consumption by Rat Dams During Gestation,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galef Jr., Bennett G.

    Ethanol Consumption by Rat Dams During Gestation, Lactation and Weaning Increases Ethanol examined effects of ethanol consumption in rat dams during gestation, lactation, and weaning on voluntary ethanol consumption by their adolescent young. We found that exposure to an ethanol-ingesting dam

  16. DYNAMIC MANAGEMENT OF POWER CONSUMPTION Tajana Simunic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simunic, Tajana

    Chapter 1 DYNAMIC MANAGEMENT OF POWER CONSUMPTION Tajana Simunic HP Labs Abstract Power consumption by adapting to changes in environment are proposed: dynamic power management and dynamic voltage scaling. Dynamic power management (DPM) algorithms aim to reduce the power consumption at the system level

  17. Mathematical models of natural gas consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scitovski, Rudolf

    Mathematical models of natural gas consumption Kristian Sabo, Rudolf Scitovski, Ivan of natural gas consumption Kristian Sabo, Rudolf Scitovski, Ivan Vazler , Marijana Zeki-Susac ksabo of natural gas consumption hourly fore- cast on the basis of hourly movement of temperature and natural gas

  18. Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Namboodiri, Vinod

    Energy Consumption of Personal Computing Including Portable Communication Devices Pavel Somavat1 consumption, questions are being asked about the energy contribution of computing equipment. Al- though studies have documented the share of energy consumption by this type of equipment over the years, research

  19. Monitoring Energy Consumption In Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turau, Volker

    Monitoring Energy Consumption In Wireless Sensor Networks Matthias Witt, Christoph Weyer, it may impair the ability of the sensor network to function. Therefore, minimizing energy consumption energy consumption in both standby and active modes is the basis of wireless networks. Energy preserving

  20. Green Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruppert, Benjamin; Elliot, Phillip

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This award was split into five tasks, HVAC replacement, lighting retrofitting, daylight harvesting, data center virtualization, and traffic signal retrofitting. The first three tasks were combined into an Energy Performance Contract on seven City facilities. This allowed for the total cost of the project to be offset by guaranteed savings over a 14 year period. The other two projects where done by separate vendors and successfully completed. The combination of these five tasks will result in a significant reduction in our energy consumption city wide, and will also translate to savings for the taxpayer on utility costs. There were also additional financial savings to the taxpayer not related to energy reduction that added value to these projects which will be discussed below.

  1. Residential Energy Consumption Survey Results: Total Energy Consumptio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Residential Energy Consumption Survey Results: Total Energy Consumption, Expenditures, and Intensities (2005) The Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) is a national survey...

  2. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    49 3.3.3. Pre-installation electricity consumption of CSIE. Kahn (2011). Electricity Consumption and Durable Housing:on Electricity Consumption .

  3. TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Won Young

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LBNL-pend TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-EfficiencyTrends and Energy Consumption ..TV Technology Trends and Energy Consumption. 1.2.3. Factors

  4. Modelling the impact of user behaviour on heat energy consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combe, Nicola Miss; Harrison, David Professor; Way, Celia Miss

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    strategies impact on energy consumption in residentialBEHAVIOUR ON HEAT ENERGY CONSUMPTION Nicola Combe 1 ,2 ,nearly 60% of domestic energy consumption and 27% of total

  5. TV Energy Consumption Trends and Energy-Efficiency Improvement Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Won Young

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Low Power Mode Energy Consumption”, Energy Efficiency inEnergy Consumption ..26 3.1.3. 3D TV Energy Consumption and Efficiency

  6. Real-Time Building Energy Simulation Using EnergyPlus and the Building Controls Test Bed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pang, Xiufeng; Bhattachayra, Prajesh; O'Neill, Zheng; Haves, Philip; Wetter, Michael; Bailey, Trevor

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most commercial buildings do not perform as well in practice as intended by the design and their performances often deteriorate over time. Reasons include faulty construction, malfunctioning equipment, incorrectly configured control systems and inappropriate operating procedures (Haves et al., 2001, Lee et al., 2007). To address this problem, the paper presents a simulation-based whole building performance monitoring tool that allows a comparison of building actual performance and expected performance in real time. The tool continuously acquires relevant building model input variables from existing Energy Management and Control System (EMCS). It then reports expected energy consumption as simulated of EnergyPlus. The Building Control Virtual Test Bed (BCVTB) is used as the software platform to provide data linkage between the EMCS, an EnergyPlus model, and a database. This paper describes the integrated real-time simulation environment. A proof-of-concept demonstration is also presented in the paper.

  7. Per Capita Consumption The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Per Capita Consumption 73 The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is based to estimate per capita consumption. Data for the model are derived primarily from second- ary sources a significant effect on the resulting calculation. U.S. per capita consumption of fish and shellfish was 15

  8. Per Capita Consumption The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Per Capita Consumption 73 The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is based to estimate per capita consumption. Data for the model are derived primarily from second- ary sources effect on the resulting calculation. U.S. per capita consumption of fish and shellfish was 16.0 pounds

  9. Per Capita Consumption The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Per Capita Consumption 73 The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is based to estimate per capita consumption. Data for the model are derived primarily from second- ary sources effect on the resulting calculation. U.S. per capita consumption of fish and shellfish was 16.5 pounds

  10. Per Capita Consumption The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Per Capita Consumption 73 The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is based to estimate per capita consumption. Data for the model are derived primarily from second- ary sources effect on the resulting calculation. U.S. per capita consumption of fish and shellfish was 16.3 pounds

  11. Per Capita Consumption The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Per Capita Consumption 84 The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is based to estimate per capita consumption. Data for the model are derived primarily from second- ary sources effect on the resulting calculation. U.S. per capita consumption of fish and shellfish was 16.3 pounds

  12. Energy conservation in commercial and residential buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiogioji, M.H.; Oura, E.N.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy experts have indicated that we can, by exploiting currently available technology, cut energy consumption by 30 to 50% in new buildings and 10 to 30% in existing buildings, with no significant loss in standard of living, comfort, or convenience. This book surveys the many architectural/engineering techniques for combating energy waste in residential and commercial buildings. The experts in these 10 chapters acquaint us with what is being done and with what can be done in the design, construction, and maintenance of buildings in order to foster energy efficiency; they emphasize life-cycle costing as the only sound approach toward energy conservation. A separate abstract was prepared for each chapter; all abstracts will appear in Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA), with 5 appearing in Energy Research Abstracts (ERA).

  13. Reimagining Building Sensing and Control (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polese, L.

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings are responsible for 40% of US energy consumption, and sensing and control technologies are an important element in creating a truly sustainable built environment. Motion-based occupancy sensors are often part of these control systems, but are usually altered or disabled in response to occupants' complaints, at the expense of energy savings. Can we leverage commodity hardware developed for other sectors and embedded software to produce more capable sensors for robust building controls? The National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) 'Image Processing Occupancy Sensor (IPOS)' is one example of leveraging embedded systems to create smarter, more reliable, multi-function sensors that open the door to new control strategies for building heating, cooling, ventilation, and lighting control. In this keynote, we will discuss how cost-effective embedded systems are changing the state-of-the-art of building sensing and control.

  14. Industrial Buildings

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Building FloorspaceThousandWithdrawals0.0 0.0Decade4Year114,937

  15. Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Donnelly, Matthew K. (Kennewick, WA); Chassin, David P. (Pasco, WA); Dagle, Jeffery E. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael (Richland, WA); Winiarski, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Pratt, Robert G. (Kennewick, WA); Boberly-Bartis, Anne Marie (Alexandria, VA)

    2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distribution system, receiving electrical energy within the appliance from the power distribution system, consuming the received electrical energy using a plurality of loads of the appliance, monitoring electrical energy of the power distribution system, and adjusting an amount of consumption of the received electrical energy via one of the loads of the appliance from an initial level of consumption to an other level of consumption different than the initial level of consumption responsive to the monitoring.

  16. Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Donnelly, Matthew K. (Kennewick, WA); Chassin, David P. (Pasco, WA); Dagle, Jeffery E. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael (Richland, WA); Winiarski, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Pratt, Robert G. (Kennewick, WA); Boberly-Bartis, Anne Marie (Alexandria, VA)

    2006-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distribution system, receiving electrical energy within the appliance from the power distribution system, consuming the received electrical energy using a plurality of loads of the appliance, monitoring electrical energy of the power distribution system, and adjusting an amount of consumption of the received electrical energy via one of the loads of the appliance from an initial level of consumption to an other level of consumption different than the initial level of consumption responsive to the monitoring.

  17. 3Building a Business Building a Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    15 3Building a Business Building a Business This section provides direction on the kinds. If you contemplate building a "garage- based" company to sell a product into a niche market, you should-ups conjure up images of future wealth, of building the next Amgen or Microsoft, of launching what will become

  18. Residential Building Stockg Assessment (RBSA)for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demographics ­ Billing Histories for both electric and gas consumption How This Data Will Be Used Supports With Accurate Data Council's load forecast and assessment of conservation potential rely on current andconservation potential rely on current and detailed data about housing and appliance characteristics

  19. Educational buildings stocks refurbishment, a double opportunity: massive energy savings, education of youngsters about sustainable development 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Couillaud, N.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Educational buildings stocks refurbishment, a double opportunity: massive energy savings, education of youngsters about sustainable development Nicolas COUILLAUD, research engineer at CSTB, France Phone +33 1 61 44 80 53, Email: nicolas....couillaud@cstb.fr The market of new buildings is limited because the rate of renewal of buildings stock is lower than 1% per year. In order to meet the objective of reduction by 4 of energy consumptions in 2050, the improvement of the energy efficiency of existing buildings...

  20. Models for estimation of car fuel consumption in urban traffic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biggs, D.C.; Akcelik

    1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article describes four fuel-consumption models. The models are interrelated and form part of the same modeling framework. A simpler model is derived from a more complicated model keeping the vehicle characteristic such as mass, drag function, and energy efficiency as explicit parameters at all model levels. Because vehicle characteristics are likely to change over time and from country to country, this is a particularly useful model property. For simplicity here, only the instantaneous fuel-consumption model is described in any detail. However, because of the derivation procedure, many of the features and properties of this model are present in the more aggregate models. Easy-to-use functions and graphs are given for the more aggregate models based on a ''default car'' in urban driving conditions. All parameters related to the speed profile and driving environment were calibrated using on-road data collected in Sydney, Australia. Use of the models is illustrated by estimating the fuel consumption for the microtrip.

  1. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Number of Buildings (thousand) Floorspace (million square feet) Sum of Major Fuels Electricity Natural Gas Fuel Oil District Heat All Buildings ......

  2. Energy Information Administration - Commercial Energy Consumption...

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    (Including Malls), 2003 Number of Buildings (thousand) All Buildings Northeast Midwest South West New England Middle Atlantic East North Central West North Central South...

  3. A large-scale study on predicting and contextualizing building energy usage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolter, Jeremy Z.

    In this paper we present a data-driven approach to modeling end user energy consumption in residential and commercial buildings. Our model is based upon a data set of monthly electricity and gas bills, collected by a utility ...

  4. Energy Savings with Energy-Efficient HVAC Systems in Commercial Buildings of Hong Kong 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, J.; Chan, K.; Wu, X.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hong Kong has seen a dramatic increase in energy consumption in recent years, particularly electricity use in commercial buildings. The growth of electricity demand in future years is crucial both economically and environmentally. As over half...

  5. Development and evaluation of a building energy model integrated in the TEB scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bueno Unzeta, Bruno

    The use of air-conditioning systems is expected to increase as a consequence of global-scale and urban-scale climate warming. In order to represent future scenarios of urban climate and building energy consumption, the ...

  6. Evaluating the performance of natural ventilation in buildings through simulation and on-site monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Haofan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Natural ventilation in buildings is capable of reducing energy consumption while maintaining a comfortable indoor at the same time. It is important that natural ventilation is taken into consideration in the early design ...

  7. Solar energy dehumidification experiment on the Citicorp Center building : final report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown author

    The technical and economic feasibility of using solar energy to reduce conventional energy consumption of a large urban commercial building were studied in depth. Specifically, solar assisted dehumidification of ventillation ...

  8. Improving Building Control and System Operation Through the Continuous Commissioning® Process: A Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Redmann, N.; Liu, M.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    into the redesign in 1993, however all air handling unit valve and damper actuators remain pneumatic. Energy Monitoring The majority of the facility is not monitored for energy use. The meter that measures whole building electricity consumption...

  9. The Framework of an Optimization Model for the Thermal Design of Building Envelopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Homoud, M. S.; Degelman, L. O.; Boyer, L. L.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Careful long term decisions in the design and operation of buildings can significantly improve the thermal performance and thus reduce the consumption of energy. The availability and ease of use of today's computers can be a sigruficant benefit...

  10. Development of Graphical Indices for Displaying Large Scale Building Energy Data Sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbas, M.; Haberl, J. S.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    analyst view large amounts of hourly building energy consumption data in order to quickly and efficiently analyze the data, check for errors, or establish time and temperature related trends over a large period of time. The objective is to demonstrate...

  11. Energy Savings with Energy-Efficient HVAC Systems in Commercial Buildings of Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, J.; Chan, K.; Wu, X.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hong Kong has seen a dramatic increase in energy consumption in recent years, particularly electricity use in commercial buildings. The growth of electricity demand in future years is crucial both economically and environmentally. As over half...

  12. Recommendations for 15% Above-Code Energy Efficiency Measures for Commercial Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, C.; Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.; Liu, Z.; Mukhopadhyay, J.; Cho, S.

    This report presents detailed information about the recommendations for achieving 15% above-code energy performance for commercial office buildings complying with ASHRAE Standard 90.1-19991. To accomplish the 15% annual energy consumption reductions...

  13. Assessing methods for predicting retrofit energy savings in buildings : case study of a Norwegian school

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricker, Elizabeth, S.M. (Elizabeth Ann). Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work investigates methods for predicting retrofit energy savings in existing Norwegian buildings. A case study is performed on a 30 year old primary school in Trondheim, Norway. The energy consumption in the school ...

  14. Retrofit Options for Increasing Energy Efficiency in Office Buildings- Methodology Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pereira, N. C.

    Portuguese Buildings represent 35% of primary energy consumption in 2006, with non-residential sector representing almost half of this number globally and around 65% in Lisbon city. Expected to grow 5% yearly in this period, non...

  15. Methodology for the evaluation of natural ventilation in buildings using a reduced-scale air model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Christine E. (Christine Elaine)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial office buildings predominantly are designed to be ventilated and cooled using mechanical systems. In temperate climates, passive ventilation and cooling techniques can be utilized to reduce energy consumption ...

  16. Sociotechnical complexities associated with the development of Building Integrated Photovoltaic fac?ade systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno, Jorge (Jorge Alejandro Moreno de la Carrera)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant opportunities to improve the energy use in buildings open remarkable possibilities for innovation over the next two decades. Particularly in the United States, 41% of primary energy consumption in 2010 went ...

  17. A work bibliography on native food consumption, demography and lifestyle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, C.E.; Lee, W.J.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to provide a bibliography for the Native American tribe participants in the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project to use. The HEDR Project's primary objective is to estimate the radiation dose that individuals could have received as a result of emissions since 1944 from the US Department of Energy's Hanford Site near Richland, Washington. Eight Native American tribes are responsible for estimating daily and seasonal consumption of traditional foods, demography, and other lifestyle factors that could have affected the radiation dose received by tribal members. This report provides a bibliography of recorded accounts that tribal researchers may use to verify their estimates. The bibliographic citations include references to information on the specific tribes, Columbia River plateau ethnobotany, infant feeding practices and milk consumption, nutritional studies and radiation, tribal economic and demographic characteristics (1940--1970), research methods, primary sources from the National Archives, regional archives, libraries, and museums.

  18. The cost-effectiveness of retrofitting sanitary fixtures in restrooms of a university building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Byoung Hoon

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Architecture building A at Texas A&M University. The researcher directly measured the actual water-volume per flush of as-is, tune-up, low-consumption manual, and low-consumption automatic water closets and urinals. The data collected by these observations...

  19. Final Report on Retrospective Testing and Application of an Automated Building Commissioning Analysis Tool (ABCAT)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bynum, John; Lin, Guanjing; Claridge, David

    simulation model used was calibrated to the building energy consumption data in a baseline period. Then, the model was used to predict the optimal cooling and heating consumption in the following days. A cumulative energy difference plot is the primary fault...

  20. Consumption-based accounting of CO2 emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, S. J; Caldeira, K.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gross world product, E is global energy consumption, Authorworld GDP, f = F/E is carbon intensity of energy consumption,