Sample records for building c-400 thermal

  1. REVIEW REPORT: BUILDING C-400 THERMAL TREATMENT 90 PERCENT REMEDIAL DESIGN REPORT AND SITE INVESTIGATION, PGDP, PADUCAH, KENTUCKY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Looney, B; Jed Costanza, J; Eva Davis, E; Joe Rossabi, J; Lloyd (Bo) Stewart, L; Hans Stroo, H

    2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    On 9 April 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Headquarters, Office of Soil and Groundwater Remediation (EM-22) initiated an Independent Technical Review (ITR) of the 90% Remedial Design Report (RDR) and Site Investigation (RDSI) for thermal treatment of trichloroethylene (TCE) in the soil and groundwater in the vicinity of Building C-400 at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP). The general ITR goals were to assess the technical adequacy of the 90% RDSI and provide recommendations sufficient for DOE to determine if modifications are warranted pertaining to the design, schedule, or cost of implementing the proposed design. The ultimate goal of the effort was to assist the DOE Paducah/Portsmouth Project Office (PPPO) and their contractor team in ''removing'' the TCE source zone located near the C-400 Building. This report provides the ITR findings and recommendations and supporting evaluations as needed to facilitate use of the recommendations. The ITR team supports the remedial action objective (RAO) at C-400 to reduce the TCE source area via subsurface Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH). Further, the ITR team commends PPPO, their contractor team, regulators, and stakeholders for the significant efforts taken in preparing the 90% RDR. To maximize TCE removal at the target source area, several themes emerge from the review which the ITR team believes should be considered and addressed before implementing the thermal treatment. These themes include the need for: (1) Accurate and site-specific models as the basis to verify the ERH design for full-scale implementation for this challenging hydrogeologic setting; (2) Flexible project implementation and operation to allow the project team to respond to observations and data collected during construction and operation; (3) Defensible performance metrics and monitoring, appropriate for ERH, to ensure sufficient and efficient clean-up; and (4) Comprehensive (creative and diverse) contingencies to address the potential for system underperformance, and other unforeseen conditions These themes weave through the ITR report and the various analyses and recommendations. The ITR team recognizes that a number of technologies are available for treatment of TCE sources. Further, the team supports the regulatory process through which the selected remedy is being implemented, and concurs that ERH is a potentially viable remedial technology to meet the RAOs adjacent to C-400. Nonetheless, the ITR team concluded that additional efforts are needed to provide an adequate basis for the planned ERH design, particularly in the highly permeable Regional Gravel Aquifer (RGA), where sustaining target temperatures present a challenge. The ERH design modeling in the 90% RDR does not fully substantiate that heating in the deep RGA, at the interface with the McNairy formation, will meet the design goals; specifically the target temperatures. Full-scale implementation of ERH to meet the RAOs is a challenge in the complex hydrogeologic setting at PGDP. Where possible, risks to the project identified in this ITR report as ''issues'' and ''recommendations'' should be mitigated as part of the final design process to increase the likelihood of remedial success. The ITR efforts were organized into five lines of inquiry (LOIs): (1) Site investigation and target zone delineation; (2) Performance objectives; (3) Project and design topics; (4) Health and safety; and (5) Cross cutting and independent cost evaluation. Within each of these LOIs, the ITR team identified a series of unresolved issues--topics that have remaining uncertainties or potential project risks. These issues were analyzed and one or more recommendations were developed for each. In the end, the ITR team identified 27 issues and provided 50 recommendations. The issues and recommendations are briefly summarized below, developed in Section 5, and consolidated into a single list in Section 6. The ITR team concluded that there are substantive unresolved issues and system design uncertainties, resulting in technical and financial risks to DOE.

  2. Building C-400 Thermal Treatment 90% Remedial Design Report and Site

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy Future ofHydronicBuildingDepartment of EnergyBuilding

  3. Building C-400 Thermal Treatment 90% Remedial Design Report and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Investigation, PGDP, Paducah Kentucky 15 August 2007 Authors: Dr. Brian Looney, Savannah River National Laboratory: Review Technical Lead Dr. Jed Costanza, Georgia Institute of...

  4. Summary - Building C-400 Thermal Treatment Remedial Design Report...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Decision. What the ETR Team Recommended The data provide an initial basis for designoperation; however, characterization should include expanding the target treatment zones in...

  5. Building C-400 Thermal Treatment 90% Remedial Design Report and Site Investigation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613PortsmouthBartlesville Energy ResearchAchievingHydraulicSolution CenterRelease of427

  6. Summary - Building C-400 Thermal Treatment Remedial Design Report and Investigation, Paducah, Kentucky

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2Uranium Transferon the Passing of AdmiraltheOil and Less CO2

  7. INDEPENDENT TECHNICAL REVIEW OF THE C-400 INTERIM REMEDIAL PROJECT PHASE I RESULTS, PADUCAH, KENTUCKY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Looney, B.; Rossabi, J.; Stewart,L.; Richards, W.

    2010-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The groundwater and soil in the vicinity of the C-400 Building at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP), is contaminated with substantial quantities of industrial solvents, primarily trichoroethene (TCE). This solvent 'source' is recognized as a significant challenge and an important remediation target in the overall environmental cleanup strategy for PGDP. Thus, the cleanup of the C-400 TCE Source is a principal focus for the Department of Energy (DOE) and its contractors, and for PGDP regulators and stakeholders. Using a formal investigation, feasibility study and decision process, Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH) was selected for the treatment of the soil and groundwater in the vicinity of C-400. ERH was selected as an interim action to remove 'a significant portion of the contaminant mass of TCE at the C-400 Cleaning Building area through treatment' with the longer term goal of reducing 'the period the TCE concentration in groundwater remains above its Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL).' ERH is a thermal treatment that enhances the removal of TCE and related solvents from soil and groundwater. The heterogeneous conditions at PGDP, particularly the high permeability regional gravel aquifer (RGA), are challenging to ERH. Thus, a phased approach is being followed to implement this relatively expensive and complex remediation technology. Conceptually, the phased approach encourages safety and efficiency by providing a 'lessons learned' process and allowing appropriate adjustments to be identified and implemented prior to follow-on phase(s) of treatment. More specifically, early deployment targeted portions of the challenging RGA treatment zone with relatively little contamination reducing the risk of adverse collateral impacts from underperformance in terms of heating and capture. Because of the importance and scope of the C-400 TCE source remediation activities, DOE chartered an Independent Technical Review (ITR) in 2007 to assess the C-400 ERH plans prior to deployment and a second ITR to evaluate Phase I performance in September 2010. In this report, these ITR efforts are referenced as the '2007 ITR' and the 'current ITR', respectively. The 2007 ITR document (Looney et al., 2007) provided a detailed technical evaluation that remains relevant and this report builds on that analysis. The primary objective of the current ITR is to provide an expedited assessment of the available Phase I data to assist the PGDP team as they develop the lessons learned from Phase I and prepare plans for Phase II.

  8. Building envelope thermal anomaly analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melton, B.S.; Mulroney, P.; Scott, T.; Childs, K.W.

    1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A detailed study has been made of building energy thermal anomalies (BETA's) in a large modern office building using computer simulation, on-site inspections, and infrared thermography. The goal was to better understand the heat and moisture flow through these ''bridges,'' develop the beginnings of a classification scheme, and establish techniques for assessing the potential for retrofit or initial design modifications. In terms of presently available analytical techniques, a one-dimensional equivalent of the bridge and its affected area can be created from a steady-state computer simulation. This equivalent, combined with a degree day model, yields good estimates of the bridge behavior in buildings employing heating only. With heating and cooling, the equivalent must be used with an hour-by-hour simulation. A classification scheme based on the one-dimensional equivalent is proposed which should make it possible to create a catalog of basic bridge types that can be used to estimate their effects without requiring a complete hour-by-hour simulation of each building. The classification relates both energy loss and moisture condensation potential to the bridge configuration and the building envelope. The potential for moisture condensation on interior surfaces near a BETA was found to be as significant as the energy loss and this factor needds to be considered in assessing the complete detrimental effects of a bridge. With such a catalog, building designers and analysts would be able to determine and estimate the advantages or disadvantages of modifying the building envelope to reduce the impact of a thermal bridge. 18 refs., 31 figs., 17 tabs.

  9. Thermal Energy Storage for Cooling of Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building Thermal Energy _Storage in ASEAN Countries,"Company, "Thermal Energy Storage for Cooling," SeminarTHERMAL FOR COOLING ENERGY STORAGE BUILDINGS OF COMMERCIAL

  10. ResearchArticle BuildingThermal,Lighting,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, One Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Abstract Building energy and analyze the thermal performance of buildings, and predict their operational energy consumption. Since@tsinghua.edu.cn A detailed loads comparison of three building energy modeling programs: EnergyPlus, DeST and DOE-2.1E Dandan

  11. Thermal Energy Storage for Cooling of Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Commercial Building Thermal Energy _Storage in ASEANGas Electric Company, "Thermal Energy Storage for Cooling,"LBL--25393 DE91 ,THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE FOR COOLING OF

  12. Thermal Energy Storage for Cooling of Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building Thermal Energy _Storage in ASEAN Countries,"Company, "Thermal Energy Storage for Cooling," Seminar25393 DE91 ,THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE FOR COOLING OF COMMERCIAL

  13. THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF BUILDINGS AND BUILDING ENVELOPE SYSTEMS: AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carroll, William L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    dynamic test methods for envelope thermal performance whichtransieu~ thermal behavior of building envelopes, and theof dynamic thermal performance, of layered envelope construe

  14. Combining building thermal simulation methods and LCA methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, René Rydhof

    - 1 - Combining building thermal simulation methods and LCA methods Frank Pedersen, Researcher assessment (LCA) method into a whole building hygro-thermal simulation tool. The motivation for the work of buildings (CEN/TC 350). Combining LCA methods with hygro-thermal simulation tools enables designers

  15. Thermal building simulation and computer generation of nodal models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Thermal building simulation and computer generation of nodal models H. BOYER, J.P. CHABRIAT, B in the development of several packages simulating the dynamic behaviour of buildings. This paper shows the adaptation. This article shows the chosen method in the case of our thermal simulation program for buildings, CODYRUN. #12

  16. Passive Solar Building Design and Solar Thermal Space Heating Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Webinar of National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Senior Engineer Andy Walker's presentation about passive solar building design and solar thermal space heating technologies and applications.

  17. Mountain building in the Nepal Himalaya: Thermal and kinematic model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    Mountain building in the Nepal Himalaya: Thermal and kinematic model L. Bollinger a,, P. Henry b. Courtillot Abstract We model crustal deformation and the resulting thermal structure across the Nepal: thermal model; temperature-time paths; inverted metamorphism; underplating; Himalayan orogen; Nepal

  18. Computational Study on Thermal Properties of HVAC System with Building Structure Thermal Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sato, Y.; Sagara, N.; Ryu, Y.; Maehara, K.; Nagai, T.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building structure thermal storage (BSTS) HVAC systems can store heat during nighttime thermal storage operation (nighttime operation hours) by using off-peak electricity and release it in the daytime air-conditioning operation (daytime operation...

  19. Sizing Thermally Activated Building Systems (TABS): A Brief Literature Review and Model Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basu, Chandrayee; Schiavon, Stefano; Bauman, Fred

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    m 2 /W Thermal resistance of the building envelope, K-m 2 /Wtemperature, envelope, slab and tubing thermal resistance,

  20. Interfacing BIM with Building Thermal and Daylighting Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Wei; Clayton, Mark; Haberl, Jeff; WoonSeong, Jeong; Bun Kim, Jong; Sandeep, Kota; Bermudez, Jose; Dixit, Manish

    INTERFACING BIM WITH BUILDING THERMAL AND DAYLIGHTING MODELING Wei Yan, Mark Clayton, Jeff Haberl, WoonSeong Jeong, Jong Bum Kim, Sandeep Kota, Jose Luis Bermudez Alcocer, and Manish Dixit Texas A&M University, College Station, USA... the BIM authoring tools’ Application Programming Interface (API) to translate BIM into Object-Oriented Physical Models (in Modelica) for building thermal simulation, and input files of ray-tracing software (Radiance) for daylighting simulation. Based...

  1. Optimization of thermal comfort in building through envelope design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Optimization of thermal comfort in building through envelope design Milorad Bojia , Alexandre. The building is modeled in EnergyPlus software and HookeJeves optimization methodology. The investigated house optimizations are performed such as the optimization of the thickness of the concrete block layer, of the wood

  2. Duct thermal performance models for large commercial buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wray, Craig P.

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the potential for significant energy savings by reducing duct leakage or other thermal losses from duct systems in large commercial buildings, California Title 24 has no provisions to credit energy-efficient duct systems in these buildings. A substantial reason is the lack of readily available simulation tools to demonstrate the energy-saving benefits associated with efficient duct systems in large commercial buildings. The overall goal of the Efficient Distribution Systems (EDS) project within the PIER High Performance Commercial Building Systems Program is to bridge the gaps in current duct thermal performance modeling capabilities, and to expand our understanding of duct thermal performance in California large commercial buildings. As steps toward this goal, our strategy in the EDS project involves two parts: (1) developing a whole-building energy simulation approach for analyzing duct thermal performance in large commercial buildings, and (2) using the tool to identify the energy impacts of duct leakage in California large commercial buildings, in support of future recommendations to address duct performance in the Title 24 Energy Efficiency Standards for Nonresidential Buildings. The specific technical objectives for the EDS project were to: (1) Identify a near-term whole-building energy simulation approach that can be used in the impacts analysis task of this project (see Objective 3), with little or no modification. A secondary objective is to recommend how to proceed with long-term development of an improved compliance tool for Title 24 that addresses duct thermal performance. (2) Develop an Alternative Calculation Method (ACM) change proposal to include a new metric for thermal distribution system efficiency in the reporting requirements for the 2005 Title 24 Standards. The metric will facilitate future comparisons of different system types using a common ''yardstick''. (3) Using the selected near-term simulation approach, assess the impacts of duct system improvements in California large commercial buildings, over a range of building vintages and climates. This assessment will provide a solid foundation for future efforts that address the energy efficiency of large commercial duct systems in Title 24. This report describes our work to address Objective 1, which includes a review of past modeling efforts related to duct thermal performance, and recommends near- and long-term modeling approaches for analyzing duct thermal performance in large commercial buildings.

  3. THERMAL BUILDING PERFORMANCE OPTIMIZATION USING SPATIAL ARCHETYPES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    process. An increasing number of countries in the world are developing or updating their building energy is spent for heating and cooling systems, see Figure 1.2. Figure 1.1 Primary energy consumption by sector encouragement, love and support #12;1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1. Energy Consumption Energy conscious building

  4. Successfully Marketing Thermal Storage in Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, C.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    commercial sector marketing efforts, are synthesized into a set of lessons of experience and guidelines for those who are considering developing a thermal storage marketing effort....

  5. Advanced building skins : translucent thermal storage elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kienzl, Nico, 1971-

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in the material sciences continue to provide designers with a wealth of new materials that challenge preconceived notions of the building envelope and its performance. These new technologies can be used to create ...

  6. A Chandra X-ray study of the mixed-morphology supernova remnant 3C400.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broersen, Sjors

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an analysis of archival Chandra observations of the mixed-morphology remnant 3C400.2. We analysed spectra of different parts of the remnant to observe if the plasma properties provide hints on the origin of the mixed-morphology class. These remnants often show overionization, which is a sign of rapid cooling of the thermal plasma, and super-solar abundances of elements which is a sign of ejecta emission. Our analysis shows that the thermal emission of 3C400.2 can be well explained by a two component non-equilibrium ionization model, of which one component is underionized, has a high temperature ($kT \\approx 3.9$ keV) and super-solar abundances, while the other component has a much lower temperature ($kT \\approx 0.14$ keV), solar abundances and shows signs of overionization. The temperature structure, abundance values and density contrast between the different model components suggest that the hot component comes from ejecta plasma, while the cooler component has an interstellar matter origin. This ...

  7. Demand Shifting with Thermal Mass in Large Commercial Buildings in a California Hot Climate Zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Peng

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    implement demand-response programs involving buildingthan the building envelope in demand response effectiveness.demand response, thermal mass, hot climates, office buildings

  8. Thermal Systems Group; Electricity, Resources, & Building Systems Integration (ERBSI) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Factsheet developed to describe the activites of the Thermal Systems Group within NREL's Electricity, Resources, and Buildings Systems Integration center.

  9. TIME-VARYING LINEAR MODEL APPROXIMATION: APPLICATION TO THERMAL AND AIRFLOW BUILDING SIMULATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    TIME-VARYING LINEAR MODEL APPROXIMATION: APPLICATION TO THERMAL AND AIRFLOW BUILDING SIMULATION Nowadays, most of the numerical tools dedicated to simulating the thermal behavior of buildings, consider is demonstrated by its application to the simulation of a multi-zones building. THERMAL AND AIRFLOW MODELS

  10. Use of Renewable Energy in Buildings: Experiences With Solar Thermal Utilization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, R.; Zhai, X.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar energy is receiving much more attention in building energy systems in recent years. Solar thermal utilization should be based on the integration of solar collectors into buildings. The facades of buildings can be important solar collectors...

  11. Analysis of seven thermal bridges identified in a commercial building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Childs, K.W.

    1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seven thermal bridges occurring in a large modern office building are identified. The impact that these bridges have on building envelope heat flow and minimum interior surface temperature is investigated using a finite-difference heat transfer computer program. Assumptions that are made in the development of two- and three-dimensional numerical models are discussed. Steady-state numerical models are employed to determine parameters that can be used to calculate corrections to the values for heat flow and interior surface temperatures obtained from one-dimensional analyses. The need for a means of characterizing the dynamic thermal response of bridges is also discussed, and two different numerical approaches to the calculation of response factors (or conduction transfer functions) are explored. 5 refs., 9 figs., 5 tabs.

  12. Analysis of seven thermal bridges identified in a commercial building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Childs, K.W.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seven thermal bridges occurring in a large modern office building are identified. The impact that these bridges have on building envelope heat flow and minimum interior surface temperature is investigated using a finite-difference heat transfer computer program. Assumptions that are made in the development of two- and three-dimensional numerical models are discussed. Steady-state numerical models are employed to determine parameters that can be used to calculate corrections to the values for heat flow and interior surface temperature obtained from one-dimensional analyses. The need for a means of characterizing the dynamic thermal response of bridges is also discussed, and two different numerical approaches to the calculation of response factors (or conduction transfer functions) are explored. 5 refs., 9 figs., 5 tabs.

  13. Thermal Performance Evaluation of Innovative Metal Building Roof Assemblies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, Daniel James [ORNL; Zaltash, Abdolreza [ORNL; Atchley, Jerald Allen [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to meet the coming energy codes, multiple layers of various insulation types will be required. The demand for greater efficiency has pushed insulation levels beyond the cavity depth. These experiments show the potential for improving metal building roof thermal performance. Additional work is currently being done by several stakeholders, so the data is expanding. These experiments are for research and development purposes, and may not be viable for immediate use.

  14. Inclusion of Building Envelope Thermal Lag Effects in Linear Regression Models of Daily Basis Building Energy Use Data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H.; Claridge, D. E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inclusion?of?Building?Envelope?Thermal?Lag? Effects?in?Linear?Regression?Models?of?Daily? Basis?Building?Energy?Use?Data The?12th International?Conference?for?Enhanced?Building?Operations October?22nd?26th,?2012 Manchester,?UK Hiroko...?enhanced?building?operations. October?18?20,?2011,? Brooklyn,?NY. Rabl,?A.?and?Rialhe,?A.?(1992).?Energy?Signature?Models?for?Commercial?Buildings:?Test?with?Measured?Data?and?Interpretation. Energy?and?Buildings,?19,?143?154. Shao,?X.?and?Claridge,?D.E.?(2006).?Use?of?first?law?energy?balance?as?a?screening?tool?for?building?energy...

  15. Submission of manuscript to Energy and Buildings A thermal model for Phase Change Materials in a building roof for a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Submission of manuscript to Energy and Buildings A thermal model for Phase Change Materials in "Energy and Buildings 70 (2014) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/ S0378778813007962" DOI : 10.1016/j.enbuild.2013.11.079 #12;Manuscript submitted to Energy and Buildings S.GUICHARD 2013 2

  16. Inclusion of Building Envelope Thermal Lag Effects in Linear Regression Models of Daily Basis Building Energy Use Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H.; Claridge, D. E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inclusion?of?Building?Envelope?Thermal?Lag? Effects?in?Linear?Regression?Models?of?Daily? Basis?Building?Energy?Use?Data The?12th International?Conference?for?Enhanced?Building?Operations October?22nd?26th,?2012 Manchester,?UK Hiroko...?enhanced?building?operations. October?18?20,?2011,? Brooklyn,?NY. Rabl,?A.?and?Rialhe,?A.?(1992).?Energy?Signature?Models?for?Commercial?Buildings:?Test?with?Measured?Data?and?Interpretation. Energy?and?Buildings,?19,?143?154. Shao,?X.?and?Claridge,?D.E.?(2006).?Use?of?first?law...

  17. Determining Adaptability Performance of Artificial Neural Network-Based Thermal Control Logics for Envelope Conditions in Residential Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Jin Woo; Chang, Jae D.; Kim, Sooyoung

    2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the performance and adaptability of Artificial Neural Network (ANN)-based thermal control strategies for diverse thermal properties of building envelope conditions applied to residential buildings. The thermal performance using...

  18. New phase-change thermal energy storage materials for buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benson, D.K.; Christensen, C.B.; Burrows, R.W.

    1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new class of phase-change thermal energy storage materials is under development at SERI. These materials are unusual in two ways. They reversibly absorb large amounts of heat during a solid-state, crystal transformation more than 70/sup 0/C below their melting temperatures, and their solid-state transformation temperatures may be adjusted over a range from 7/sup 0/C to 188/sup 0/C by varying the ratios of binary mixtures of the components. Because these storage materials remain solid throughout the range of their service temperatures, unique opportunities exist for incorporating them into building materials. Composites have been made with ordinary, porous construction materials such as wood, gypsum board, and lightweight concrete as the matrix and with the solid-state phase change materials (SS PCM) filling the void space. The thermal storage capacities of such composites are thereby increased by more than 100% without changing the basic nature and workability of the matrix, construction material. Parametric analyses have been conducted to determine what combination of properties would be optimum for certain solar and energy conserving building applications including Trombe wall, direct gain, and distributed cool storage (combined with night ventilation).

  19. COMBINED THERMAL MEASUREMENT AND SIMULATION FOR THE DETAILED ANALYSIS OF FOUR OCCUPIED LOW-ENERGY BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gieseler, Udo D. J.

    COMBINED THERMAL MEASUREMENT AND SIMULATION FOR THE DETAILED ANALYSIS OF FOUR OCCUPIED LOW-ENERGY BUILDINGS U.D.J. Gieseler, F.D. Heidt1 , W. Bier Division of Building Physics and Solar Energy, University energy and temperature measurements of occupied buildings very well. These buildings repre- sent small

  20. Experimental and Simulation Approaches for Optimizing the Thermal Performance of Building Enclosures Containing Phase Change Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Kyoung Ok

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been proven that the integration of phase change materials (PCM) into building enclosures helps with wall thermal management as well as in reducing building energy consumption. Most older and some current PCM ...

  1. Field Analysis of Thermal Comfort in Two Energy Efficient Office Buildings in Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qahtan, A. T.; Keumala, N.; Rao, S. P.; Samad, Z. A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the effectiveness of tropical passive solar control components in integrating thermal comfort with energy efficiency in office building. Field measurements are carried out in selected workspace of two office buildings that have been practiced the passive solar...

  2. Impact of Columns and Beams on the Thermal Resistance of the Building Envelope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omar, E.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the buildings envelope. Multi-dimensional heat transfer method was implemented to assess the magnitude of this effect and then to incorporate this in a whole building energy simulation program to assess the impact on the overall thermal performance...

  3. Demand Shifting with Thermal Mass in Light and Heavy Mass Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Peng

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as a Demand Response (DR) strategy for commercial buildings.demand response program because the added demand reduction from different buildingsdemand response, thermal mass INTRODUCTION The structural mass within existing commercial buildings

  4. Heat recovery and thermal storage : a study of the Massachusetts State Transportation Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bjorklund, Abbe Ellen

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A study of the energy system at the Massachusetts State Transportation Building was conducted. This innovative energy system utilizes internal-source heat pumps and a water thermal storage system to provide building heating ...

  5. Duct thermal performance models for large commercial buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wray, Craig P.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Efficiency and Sustainability,Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Efficiency and Sustainability,Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Efficiency and Sustainability,

  6. Thermal energy storage for cooling of commercial buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akbari, H. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA)); Mertol, A. (Science Applications International Corp., Los Altos, CA (USA))

    1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The storage of coolness'' has been in use in limited applications for more than a half century. Recently, because of high electricity costs during utilities' peak power periods, thermal storage for cooling has become a prime target for load management strategies. Systems with cool storage shift all or part of the electricity requirement from peak to off-peak hours to take advantage of reduced demand charges and/or off-peak rates. Thermal storage technology applies equally to industrial, commercial, and residential sectors. In the industrial sector, because of the lack of economic incentives and the custom design required for each application, the penetration of this technology has been limited to a few industries. The penetration rate in the residential sector has been also very limited due to the absence of economic incentives, sizing problems, and the lack of compact packaged systems. To date, the most promising applications of these systems, therefore, appear to be for commercial cooling. In this report, the current and potential use of thermal energy storage systems for cooling commercial buildings is investigated. In addition, a general overview of the technology is presented and the applicability and cost-effectiveness of this technology for developed and developing countries are discussed. 28 refs., 12 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Effects of Courtyard on Thermal Performance of Commercial Buildings in Hot-Dry Climate, Ahmedabad, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, R,

    of the simulation exercise has been established on the available weather data. The result would be the analysis of energy performance of different building models. Keywords: Courtyards, Building Configuration, Energy Consumption, Thermal Simulation, Computer... in reducing energy consumption of buildings. Many research studies suggest that courtyard as a climatic modifier helps in improving thermal environment and enhancing daylight deep into the interior thus reducing energy consumption of the building...

  8. Improving Glass Walls Thermal Resistance In Air-Conditioned Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galal, T.; Kulaib, A. M.; Alajmi, R.; Al-Ansary. A; Abuzaid, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The solar radiation through an air conditioned building depends on what is called the building envelope. Building envelope consists of the surfaces that separate the inside from the building outdoors. Area, direction, and specifications of glass...

  9. Improving Glass Walls Thermal Resistance In Air-Conditioned Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galal, T.; Kulaib, A. M.; Alajmi, R.; Al-Ansary. A; Abuzaid, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The solar radiation through an air conditioned building depends on what is called the building envelope. Building envelope consists of the surfaces that separate the inside from the building outdoors. Area, direction, and specifications of glass...

  10. Thermal Performance of Building Envelope in Very Hot Dry Desert Region in Egypt (Toshky)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khalil, M. H.; Sheble, S. S.; Helal, M. A.; El-Demirdash, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal Performance of Building Envelope in Very Hot Dry Desert Region in Egypt (Toshky Region) S.S. Sheble* M. H. Khalil M. A. Helal Prof. M. El- Demirdash3 Asso. Prof. Building Physics Institute (HBRC) Asso. Prof. Building Physics... Institute (HBRC) Prof. & head of Building Physics Institute (HBRC) Prof. & Chairman of HBRC Housing & Building National Research Center (HBRC) Cairo, Egypt * Author ABSTRACT Toshky region is a desert region located in the south east...

  11. DOE/LX/07-0123&D1 Secondary Document DMSA C-400-06 Solid Waste...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3&D1 Secondary Document DMSA C-400-06 Solid Waste Management Unit (SWMU) Assessment Report SWMUAOC NUMBER: 352 DATE OF ORIGINAL SAR: 120100 DATE OF SAR REVISIONS: 31509...

  12. A COMPARISON BETWEEN CODYRUN AND TRNSYS, SIMULATION MODELS FOR THERMAL BUILDINGS BEHAVIOUR.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A COMPARISON BETWEEN CODYRUN AND TRNSYS, SIMULATION MODELS FOR THERMAL BUILDINGS BEHAVIOUR. F different configurations and were build for different purposes. Simulations have been carried out on two; E.Mail : lucas@iremia.univ-reunion.fr ABSTRACT: Simulation codes of thermal behaviour could

  13. Influence of concrete fracture on the rain infiltration and thermal performance of building facades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Influence of concrete fracture on the rain infiltration and thermal performance of building facades., Foray G., Roux J.-J., 2013. Influence of concrete fracture on the rain infiltration and thermal is to be accounted for in long-term hygrothermal performance as- sessments of the building envelope. The present work

  14. The Thermal Test and Analysis of Envelope in Existing Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Li, X.; Sun, J.; Wang, Z.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to improve the health and comfort and minimize the energy consumption costs of existing buildings is quite important. Improving existing buildings can be divided into two parts, envelope and heating system. Much research has been done on building conservation...

  15. Hybrid Model of Existing Buildings for Transient Thermal Performance Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, X.; Wang, S.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building level energy models are important to provide accurate prediction of energy consumption for building performance diagnosis and energy efficiency assessment of retrofitting alternatives for building performance upgrading. Simplified...

  16. USE OF BESTEST PROCEDURE TO IMPROVE A BUILDING THERMAL SIMULATION PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    USE OF BESTEST PROCEDURE TO IMPROVE A BUILDING THERMAL SIMULATION PROGRAM T. SOUBDHAN*, T. A. MARA Validation of building energy simulation programs is of major interest to both users and modellers. KEYWORDS Building energy simulation; validation; BESTEST; inter program comparison DESCRIPTION BESTEST

  17. A Prototype Data Archive for the PIER "Thermal Distribution Systems in Commercial Buildings" Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) has an excellent on-line energy data base at: http archive for a selection of building energy data on thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies

  18. Proceedings of ASHRAE-DOE-BTECC Conference on Building Thermal Envelopes Simplified Modeling for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBL-31305 Proceedings of ASHRAE-DOE-BTECC Conference on Building Thermal Envelopes Simplified in the envelopes of residential buildings is the primary mechanism to pro- vide ventilation to those buildings and exposure to be made and demonstrates how changes in the envelope or ventilation system would affect it

  19. Research on the Effect of a Planting Roof on the Thermal Load of a Business Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, W.; Wu, J.; Wei, Y.; Gao, X.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Enve lope Technologies for Building Energy Efficiency Vol.II-4-2 Research on the Effect of a Planting Roof on the Thermal Load of a Business Building Weijie Zhang Jinshun Wu Yiran Wei Xudong Gao... ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Enve lope Technologies for Building Energy Efficiency Vol.II-4-2 room has been made and some theoretical relations between outdoor air temperature and indoor thermal load within certain region have been...

  20. In-Situ Study of Thermal Comfort Enhancement in a Building Equipped with Phase Change Material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    due to air temperature and radiative effects of the walls. Keywords: Thermal Energy Storage, Phase, thermal energy storage systems are essential for reducing de- pendency on fossil fuels buildings. Thermal energy storage can be accomplished either by using sensible heat storage or latent heat

  1. DYNAMIC THERMALLY-DISCONNECTED BUILDING ENVELOPES A NEW PARADIGM FOR WALLS AND ROOFS IN LOW ENERGY BUILDINGS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, William A [ORNL] [ORNL; Kosny, Jan [ORNL] [ORNL; Zaltash, Abdolreza [ORNL] [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes numerical and experimental analysis of a novel design concept. Traditionally the thermal design of building envelope assemblies is based on a static energy flow. However, building envelopes are subject to varying environmental conditions. This mismatch between the steady-state principles used in the design of roofs and walls and their dynamic operation results in relatively low thermal efficiency. Design work in support of the development of zero energy houses showed that conventional insulations may not be the most cost effective energy solution. Testing conducted on several strategies to thermally-disconnect wall and roof components showed 70% to 90% reductions in peak hour loads as compared to conventional building practice.

  2. Use of Renewable Energy in Buildings: Experiences With Solar Thermal Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, R.; Zhai, X.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    collectors on the south tilted roofs, south walls, balconies or awnings. Experiences on solar thermal utilization are mainly introduced in this paper, which include solar hot water systems with different design methods in residential buildings and solar-powered...

  3. Integrating Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic Systems in Whole Building Energy Simulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, S.; Haberl, J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces methodologies on how the renewable energy generated by the solar thermal and solar photovoltaic (PV) systems installed on site can be integrated in the whole building simulation analyses, which then can be available to analyze...

  4. The Framework of an Optimization Model for the Thermal Design of Building Envelopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Homoud, M. S.; Degelman, L. O.; Boyer, L. L.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Careful long term decisions in the design and operation of buildings can significantly improve the thermal performance and thus reduce the consumption of energy. The availability and ease of use of today's computers can be a sigruficant benefit...

  5. Model for Naturally Ventilated Cavities on the Exteriors of Opaque Building Thermal Envelopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffith, B.

    2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a model for naturally ventilated cavities on the exterior of opaque building thermal envelopes that are formed by the presence of a lightweight baffle. The model can be used for building components that are slightly detached from the main envelope (but do not connect to the interior).

  6. Proceedings of Thermal VII, Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Buildings,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-42871 BS-400 Proceedings of Thermal VII, Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes locations. The user describes the physical, thermal and optical properties of the windows in each

  7. Design and thermal modeling of a residential building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeh, Alice Su-Chin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent trends of green energy upgrade in commercial buildings show promise for application to residential houses as well, where there are potential energy-saving benefits of retrofitting the residential heating system from ...

  8. Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yin, Rongxin; Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Parrish, Kristen

    2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on the potential impact of demand response (DR) strategies in commercial buildings in California based on the Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT), which uses EnergyPlus simulation prototypes for office and retail buildings. The study describes the potential impact of building size, thermal mass, climate, and DR strategies on demand savings in commercial buildings. Sensitivity analyses are performed to evaluate how these factors influence the demand shift and shed during the peak period. The whole-building peak demand of a commercial building with high thermal mass in a hot climate zone can be reduced by 30percent using an optimized demand response strategy. Results are summarized for various simulation scenarios designed to help owners and managers understand the potential savings for demand response deployment. Simulated demand savings under various scenarios were compared to field-measured data in numerous climate zones, allowing calibration of the prototype models. The simulation results are compared to the peak demand data from the Commercial End-Use Survey for commercial buildings in California. On the economic side, a set of electricity rates are used to evaluate the impact of the DR strategies on economic savings for different thermal mass and climate conditions. Our comparison of recent simulation to field test results provides an understanding of the DR potential in commercial buildings.

  9. Thermal Comfort of Neutral Ventilated Buildings in Different Cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ye, X.; Zhou, Z.; Lian, Z.; Wen, Y.; Zhou, Z.; Jiang, C.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the ASHRAE 55-1992 and ISO 7730 Standards are used all over the world, many researchers have pointed out that it is impossible to maintain a uniform thermal comfort standard worldwide because of differing climate conditions. Two field...

  10. THERMAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS Rick Diamond, Craig Wray, Darryl Dickerhoff, Nance Matson, and Duo Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 THERMAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS Rick Diamond, Craig Wray, Darryl Dickerhoff SYSTEMS IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS 2 Acknowledgements Our largest debt of gratitude is to our Energy assistance guiding us through the EMCS system of the large commercial test building. The building management

  11. OSU Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group Citation Index

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    countries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 13(6-7):1383- 1394. Li, S., W. Yang, and X. Zhang. 2009-borehole ground-coupled heat pumps: A review of models and systems. Applied Energy 87(1):16-27. Fabrizio, E., M., and S. Wang 2009. Building energy research in Hong Kong: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy

  12. THE DOE-2 COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR THERMAL SIMULATION OF BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the energy addition and extraction actually to be supplied at the heating and cooling coils by the HVAC of the hour-by-hour heat loss and gain to the building spaces and the heating and cooling loads imposed upon of the HVAC system, the time-varying temperature set-points, and the heating, cooling and fan schedules

  13. Thermal Solar Energy Systems for Space Heating of Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomri, R.; Boulkamh, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, the simulation and the analysis of a solar flat plate collectors combined with a compression heat pump is carried out. The system suggested must ensure the heating of a building without the recourse to an auxiliary energy source...

  14. Duct Thermal Performance Models for Large Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and Don Shirey of the Florida Solar Energy Center and Pete Jacobs of the Architectural Energy Corporation buildings, and the author is grateful for their input. Advice from Michaël Kummert of the Solar Energy and EnergyPlus. This project evolved from the ideas and work of Mark Modera (LBNL), who was the original

  15. Modeling Building Thermal Response to HVAC Zoning Virginia Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitehouse, Kamin

    . Much of this wasted energy is used to heat or cool unoccupied spaces during long periods when people HVAC systems account for 38% of building energy usage. Studies have indicated at least 5-15% waste due to unoccu- pied spaces being conditioned. Our goal is to minimize this waste by retrofitting HVAC systems

  16. The performance check between whole building thermal performance criteria and exterior wall measured clear wall R-value, thermal bridging, thermal mass, and airtightness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kosny, J.; Christian, J.E.; Desjarlais, A.O. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Buildings Technology Center; Kossecka, E. [Polish Academy of Sciences (Poland); Berrenberg, L. [American Polysteel Forms (United States)

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the last IEA Annex 32 meeting it was proposed that the annex develop the links between level 1 (the whole building performance) and level 2 (the envelope system). This paper provides a case study of just that type of connection. An exterior wall mockup is hot box tested and modeled in the laboratory. Measurements of the steady state and dynamic behavior of this mockup are used as the basis to define the thermal bridging, thermal mass benefit and air tightness of the whole wall system. These level two performance characteristics are related to the whole building performance. They can be analyzed by a finite difference modeling of the wall assembly. An equivalent wall theory is used to convert three dimensional heat flow to one dimensional terms that capture thermal mass effects, which in turn are used in a common whole building simulation model. This paper illustrates a performance check between the thermal performance of a Massive ICF (Insulating Concrete Form) wall system mocked up (level 2) and Whole Building Performance criteria (level 1) such as total space heating and cooling loads (thermal comfort).

  17. Thermal Comfort Study in a Naturally Ventilated Residential Building in a Tropical Hot-Humid Climate Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soebarto, V. I.; Handjarinto, S.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a thermal comfort study in a naturally ventilated residential building located in a tropical hot-humid climate region. The specific objective of this study is to investigate whether thermal comfort in this house can be achieved...

  18. Field study on the thermal environment of passive cooling system in RC building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru; Kitayama, Hiroki; Ojima, Toshio

    2004-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, various passive methods have come to be adopted in architecture design. The rooftop lawn is seen to have merit in the reduction in the air conditioning load of the building, as well as contributing to the mitigation of the heat island phenomenon. The roofs praying system is seen to be an effective method for the roof of low heat insulation performance, and can greatly reduce the heat load in the summer season. However, at present most of the buildings with an RC construction have the insulating material in the roof for providing thermal insulation in the winter season. There has been a trend to adopt the roof spraying system actively in even such a general RC building, but it is not clear how much actual effect it has. In this study, the authors conducted a measurement in an RC building with a rooftop spraying system and roof lawn in order to clarify the effects and problems on the thermal environment.

  19. Thermal Solar Energy Systems for Space Heating of Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gomri, R.; Boulkamh, M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    combined with heat pump improve the thermal performance of the heat pump and the global system. The performances of the heating system combining heat pump and solar collectors are higher than that of solar heating system with solar collectors and storage...

  20. Integrating Building Information Modeling with Object-Oriented Physical Modeling for Building Thermal Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Woon Seong

    2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    the framework, and (2) the model manually created using Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s Modelica Buildings library. The results show that the framework: (1) enables BIM models to be translated into ModelicaBEM models, (2) enables system interface...

  1. The integration of water loop heat pump and building structural thermal storage systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marseille, T.J.; Schliesing, J.S.

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many commercial buildings need heat in one part and, at the same time, cooling in another part. Even more common is the need for heating during one part of the day and cooling during another in the same spaces. If that energy could be shifted or stored for later use, significant energy might be saved. If a building's heating and cooling subsystems could be integrated with the building's structural mass and used to collect, store, and deliver energy, the energy might be save cost-effectively. To explore this opportunity, researchers at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) examined the thermal interactions between the heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system and the structure of a commercial building. Computer models were developed to simulate the interactions in an existing building located in Seattle, Washington, to determine how these building subsystems could be integrated to improve energy efficiency. The HVAC subsystems in the existing building were modeled. These subsystems consist of decentralized water-source heat pumps (WSHP) in a closed water loop, connected to cooling towers for heat rejection during cooling mode and boilers to augment heating. An initial base case'' computer model of the Seattle building, as-built, was developed. Metered data available for the building were used to calibrate this model to ensure that the analysis would provide information that closely reflected the operation of a real building. The HVAC system and building structure were integrated in the model using the concrete floor slabs as thermal storage media. The slabs may be actively charged during off-peak periods with the chilled water in the loop and then either actively or passively discharged into the conditioned space during peak periods. 21 refs., 37 figs., 17 tabs.

  2. Demand Shifting With Thermal Mass in Large Commercial Buildings:Field Tests, Simulation and Audits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Peng; Haves, Philip; Piette, Mary Ann; Zagreus, Leah

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The principle of pre-cooling and demand limiting is to pre-cool buildings at night or in the morning during off-peak hours, storing cooling in the building thermal mass and thereby reducing cooling loads and reducing or shedding related electrical demand during the peak periods. Cost savings are achieved by reducing on-peak energy and demand charges. The potential for utilizing building thermal mass for load shifting and peak demand reduction has been demonstrated in a number of simulation, laboratory, and field studies (Braun 1990, Ruud et al. 1990, Conniff 1991, Andresen and Brandemuehl 1992, Mahajan et al. 1993, Morris et al. 1994, Keeney and Braun 1997, Becker and Paciuk 2002, Xu et al. 2003). This technology appears to have significant potential for demand reduction if applied within an overall demand response program. The primary goal associated with this research is to develop information and tools necessary to assess the viability of and, where appropriate, implement demand response programs involving building thermal mass in buildings throughout California. The project involves evaluating the technology readiness, overall demand reduction potential, and customer acceptance for different classes of buildings. This information can be used along with estimates of the impact of the strategies on energy use to design appropriate incentives for customers.

  3. The integration of water loop heat pump and building structural thermal storage systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marseille, T.J.; Schliesing, J.S.

    1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial buildings often have extensive periods where one space needs cooling and another heating. Even more common is the need for heating during one part of the day and cooling during another in the same spaces. If a building's heating and cooling system could be integrated with the building's structural mass such that the mass can be used to collect, store, and deliver energy, significant energy might be saved. Computer models were developed to simulate this interaction for an existing office building in Seattle, Washington that has a decentralized water-source heat pump system. Metered data available for the building was used to calibrate a base'' building model (i.e., nonintegrated) prior to simulation of the integrated system. In the simulated integration strategy a secondary water loop was manifolded to the main HVAC hydronic loop. tubing in this loop was embedded in the building's concrete floor slabs. Water was routed to this loop by a controller to charge or discharge thermal energy to and from the slabs. The slabs were also in thermal communication with the conditioned spaces. Parametric studies of the building model, using weather data for five other cities in addition to Seattle, predicted that energy can be saved on cooling dominated days. On hot, dry days and during the night the cooling tower can beneficially be used as a free cooling'' source for thermally charging'' the floor slabs using cooled water. Through the development of an adaptive/predictive control strategy, annual HVAC energy savings as large as 30% appear to be possible in certain climates. 8 refs., 13 figs.

  4. Appraisal of the M factor and the role of building thermal mass in energy conservation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Childs, K.W.

    1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new concept in heat transfer calculations known as the M factor has been introduced to account for thermal storage due to mass in building walls. This report reviews the assumptions behind the development of the M factor. The effect of mass in walls on seasonal or annual energy transmission through walls is examined, as well as the applicability of the M factor as a correction to account for any mass effects. In connection with the effect of mass on seasonal energy consumption, the use of a M factor correction when checking a building for compliance with energy conservation standards such as ASHRAE Standard 90-75 is investigated. The suitability of applying the M factor correction to the peak load determined by a steady-state calculation for equipment sizing is also explored. In addition, the relationship of thermal mass to other parameters that determine loads and energy consumption is investigated, and the role of thermal mass in energy conservation is discussed.

  5. Equilibrium thermal characteristics of a building integrated photovoltaic tiled roof

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mei, L.; Gottschalg, R.; Loveday, D.L. [Centre for Renewable Energy Systems Technology (CREST), Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU (United Kingdom); Infield, D.G. [Institute of Energy and Environment, Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G1 1XW (United Kingdom); Davies, D.; Berry, M. [Solarcentury, 91-94 Lower Marsh Waterloo, London, SE1 7AB (United Kingdom)

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Photovoltaic (PV) modules attain high temperatures when exposed to a combination of high radiation levels and elevated ambient temperatures. The temperature rise can be particularly problematic for fully building integrated PV (BIPV) roof tile systems if back ventilation is restricted. PV laminates could suffer yield degradation and accelerated aging in these conditions. This paper presents a laboratory based experimental investigation undertaken to determine the potential for high temperature operation in such a BIPV installation. This is achieved by ascertaining the dependence of the PV roof tile temperature on incident radiation and ambient temperature. A theory based correction was developed to account for the unrealistic sky temperature of the solar simulator used in the experiments. The particular PV roof tiles used are warranted up to an operational temperature of 85 C, anything above this temperature will void the warranty because of potential damage to the integrity of the encapsulation. As a guide for installers, a map of southern Europe has been generated indicating locations where excessive module temperatures might be expected and thus where installation is inadvisable. (author)

  6. Interaction of a solar space heating system with the thermal behavior of a building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vilmer, C.; Warren, M.L.; Auslander, D.

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thermal behavior of a building in response to heat input from an active solar space heating system is analyzed to determine the effect of the variable storage tank temperature on the cycling rate, on-time, and off-time of a heating cycle and on the comfort characteristics of room air temperature swing and of offset of the average air temperature from the setpoint (droop). A simple model of a residential building, a fan coil heat-delivery system, and a bimetal thermostat are used to describe the system. A computer simulation of the system behavior has been developed and verified by comparisons with predictions from previous studies. The system model and simulation are then applied to determine the building response to a typical hydronic solar heating system for different solar storage temperatures, outdoor temperatures, and fan coil sizes. The simulations were run only for those cases where there was sufficient energy from storage to meet the building load requirements.

  7. Innovative Miniaturized Heat Pumps for Buildings: Modular Thermal Hub for Building Heating, Cooling and Water Heating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BEETIT Project: Georgia Tech is using innovative components and system design to develop a new type of absorption heat pump. Georgia Tech’s new heat pumps are energy efficient, use refrigerants that do not emit greenhouse gases, and can run on energy from combustion, waste heat, or solar energy. Georgia Tech is leveraging enhancements to heat and mass transfer technology possible in microscale passages and removing hurdles to the use of heat-activated heat pumps that have existed for more than a century. Use of microscale passages allows for miniaturization of systems that can be packed as monolithic full-system packages or discrete, distributed components enabling integration into a variety of residential and commercial buildings. Compared to conventional heat pumps, Georgia Tech’s design innovations will create an absorption heat pump that is much smaller, has higher energy efficiency, and can also be mass produced at a lower cost and assembly time.

  8. Building America Best Practices Series, Volume 6: High-Performance Home Technologies: Solar Thermal & Photovoltaic Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baechler, Michael C.; Gilbride, Theresa L.; Ruiz, Kathleen A.; Steward, Heidi E.; Love, Pat M.

    2007-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide is was written by PNNL for the US Department of Energy's Building America program to provide information for residential production builders interested in building near zero energy homes. The guide provides indepth descriptions of various roof-top photovoltaic power generating systems for homes. The guide also provides extensive information on various designs of solar thermal water heating systems for homes. The guide also provides construction company owners and managers with an understanding of how solar technologies can be added to their homes in a way that is cost effective, practical, and marketable. Twelve case studies provide examples of production builders across the United States who are building energy-efficient homes with photovoltaic or solar water heating systems.

  9. NREL's Advanced Thermal Conversion Laboratory at the Center for Buildings and Thermal Systems: On the Cutting-Edge of HVAC and CHP Technology (Revised)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This brochure describes how the unique testing capabilities of NREL's Advanced Thermal Conversion Laboratory at the Center For Buildings and Thermal Systems can help industry meet the challenge of developing the next generation of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) and combined heat and power (CHP) equipment and concepts.

  10. A Study on Zoning Regulations' Impact on Thermal Comfort Conditions in Non-conditioned Apartment Buildings in Dhaka City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Islam, Saiful

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    zoning schemes seemed essential for this study. To analyze the four zoning regulation schemes' impact on thermal comfort in apartment buildings, four sets of built environment were created in EnergyPlus (Energy Simulation software) as well as in Fluent...

  11. Influence Of Three Dynamic Predictive Clothing Insulation Models On Building Energy Use, HVAC Sizing And Thermal Comfort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ON BUILDING ENERGY USE, HVAC SIZING AND THERMAL COMFORT aThe results showed that when the HVAC is controlled based onequipment sizing. When the HVAC is controlled based on the

  12. Critical Simulation Based Evaluation of Thermally Activated Building Systems (TABS) Design Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basu, Chandrayee

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    building systems for low energy buildings: System analysismeasurement of six low energy buildings in different partspointed out that low energy buildings may under- perform

  13. Accepted by the Journal of Building Physics (2007) Microstructure and Thermal Conductivity of Hydrated Calcium Silicate Board Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentz, Dale P.

    of Hydrated Calcium Silicate Board Materials Chi T. Do, Dale P. Bentz1 , and Paul E. Stutzman Building and pore size are examined for two calcium silicate boards of different densities. Thermal conductivities; radiation; thermal conductivity. Introduction In recent years, a variety of low-density calcium silicate

  14. Twenty Years On!: Updating the IEA BESTEST Building Thermal Fabric Test Cases for ASHRAE Standard 140: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Judkoff, R.; Neymark, J.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 140, Standard Method of Test for the Evaluation of Building Energy Analysis Computer Programs applies the IEA BESTEST building thermal fabric test cases and example simulation results originally published in 1995. These software accuracy test cases and their example simulation results, which comprise the first test suite adapted for the initial 2001 version of Standard 140, are approaching their 20th anniversary. In response to the evolution of the state of the art in building thermal fabric modeling since the test cases and example simulation results were developed, work is commencing to update the normative test specification and the informative example results.

  15. Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Yudong

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building thermal loadThe building thermal load predictor. . . . . . . .of Figures 1.1 Classification schematic for building MPC

  16. Evaluation of phase change materials for thermal regulation enhancement of building integrated photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hasan, A.; Norton, B. [Dublin Energy Lab., Focas Institute, School of Physics, Dublin Institute of Technology, Kevin St., Dublin 8 (Ireland); McCormack, S.J. [Department of Civil, Structure and Environmental Engineering, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 1 (Ireland); Huang, M.J. [Centre for Sustainable Technologies, University of Ulster, Newtownabbey, N. Ireland, BT370QB (United Kingdom)

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Regulating the temperature of building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) using phase change materials (PCMs) reduces the loss of temperature dependent photovoltaic (PV) efficiency. Five PCMs were selected for evaluation all with melting temperatures {proportional_to}25 {+-} 4 C and heat of fusion between 140 and 213 kJ/kg. Experiments were conducted at three insolation intensities to evaluate the performance of each PCM in four different PV/PCM systems. The effect on thermal regulation of PV was determined by changing the (i) mass of PCM and (ii) thermal conductivities of the PCM and PV/PCM system. A maximum temperature reduction of 18 C was achieved for 30 min while 10 C temperature reduction was maintained for 5 h at -1000 W/m{sup 2} insolation. (author)

  17. Critical Simulation Based Evaluation of Thermally Activated Building Systems (TABS) Design Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basu, Chandrayee

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    supply temperature Zero energy buildings vi MS Thesis, Dept.marketable zero-energy commercial buildings (ZEBs) by 2025securing net zero energy commercial buildings is development

  18. Demand Shifting with Thermal Mass in Large Commercial Buildings in a California Hot Climate Zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Peng

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Cooling Strategies and Building Features on EnergyPerformance of Office Buildings. ”Energy and Buildings 34(2002): Braun, J. E. 1990. “Reducing

  19. Glass-mica composite: a new structural thermal-insulating material for building applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Low, N.M.P.

    1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Homogeneous, rigid glass-mica composites have been synthesized from mixtures of Canadian natural mica flakes of the phlogopite type and ground glass powders prepared from recycled soda-lime waste glasses by a simple sintering process. By means of selection of compositions and processing techniques, composites can be fabricated into products that exhibit a celular structure, a highly densified structure, and multilayer and sandwich structures. The cellular structure composite has a thermal conductivity in the range of 0.165 to 0.230 W/m /sup 0/C when measured over the temperature range 25 to 180/sup 0/C, and a compressive strength of about 0.874 MPa; the highly densified composite, on the other hand, has a thermal conductivity in the range of 0.155 to 0.330 W/m /sup 0/C, a compressive strength in excess of 40 MPa, and an instantaneous coefficient of thermal expansion of 5.8 X 10/sup -6///sup 0/C at 100/sup 0/C. These glass-mica composites exhibit qualities such as insulating efficiency, safety, mechanical strength, and durability that are suitable for engineering applications in building structures or other systems.

  20. Validation of the thermal effect of roof with the Spraying and green plants in an insulated building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru; Ojima, Toshio

    2004-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, roof-spraying and rooftop lawns have proven effective on roofs with poor thermal insulation. However, the roofs of most buildings have insulating material to provide thermal insulation during the winter. The effects of insulation has not previously been quantified. In this study, the authors collected measurements of an insulated building to quantify the thermal effects of roof-spraying and rooftop lawns. Roof-spraying did not significantly reduce cooling loads and required significant amounts of water. The conclusion is that roof spraying is not suitable for buildings with well-insulated roofs. Rooftop lawns, however, significantly stabilized the indoor temperature while additionally helping to mitigate the heat island phenomenon.

  1. Distributed Energy Resources On-Site Optimization for Commercial Buildings with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    photovoltaics and solar thermal collectors; electricalfor application of solar thermal and recovered heat to end-absorption chiller solar thermal photovoltaics Results

  2. Distributed Energy Resources On-Site Optimization for Commercial Buildings with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    photovoltaics and solar thermal collectors; electricalelectricity) solar thermal collector (kW) PV (kW) electricelectricity) solar thermal collector (kW) PV (kW) electric

  3. Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Rongxin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by utilizing thermal energy storage such as ice storage orThermal Storage Utilization. ” Journal of Solar Energy

  4. Proceedings of the ASHRAE/DOE/BTECC Conference, Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Buildings VII, Clearwater Beach, Florida, December 7-11, 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;1 Proceedings of the Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Buildings VII, December 7-11, 1998LBNL-41443 IS-390 Proceedings of the ASHRAE/DOE/BTECC Conference, Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Buildings VII, Clearwater Beach, Florida, December 7-11, 1998 The research reported

  5. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (http://www.hvac.okstate.edu).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group that is typically only the case for envelope-dominated buildings in a given location. · Reasonably constant ground thermal properties between locations for which the rule-of-thumb would be applied. The main example

  6. Demand Shifting With Thermal Mass in Large Commercial Buildings: Field Tests, Simulation and Audits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Peng; Haves, Philip; Piette, Mary Ann; Zagreus, Leah

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    implement demand response programs involving buildingbased demand response (DR) technologies in real buildings.BUILDING AUDITS Introduction Customers’ attitudes to prospective utility demand response

  7. Thermal mass assessment: an explanation of the mechanisms by which building mass influences heating and cooling energy requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Childs, K.W.; Courville, G.E.; Bales, E.L.

    1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence that building mass has on energy consumption for heating and cooling has been the subject of some controversy. This controversy is, in part, due to a lack of understanding of the heat transfer mechanics occurring within a building and of how they affect energy usage. This report offers a step-by-step development of the principles of heat transfer in buildings as they pertain to thermal mass. The report is targeted for persons who are unfamiliar with the topic of thermal mass, but who possess some technical background. It is concluded that for the mass of a building to reduce energy usage, the building must undergo alternating periods of net energy gain and loss. In other words, during the heating season the indoor temperature must at times float above the thermostat set point temperature to reduce energy consumption. During the cooling season, the indoor temperature must occasionally drop below the set point temperature. Other issues addressed include the effects of mass on peak loads, equipment cycling, thermostat setback, and comfort. Strategies to maximize benefits of mass are discussed.

  8. NREL Evaluates the Thermal Performance of Uninsulated Walls to Improve the Accuracy of Building Energy Simulation Tools (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This technical highlight describes NREL research to develop models of uninsulated wall assemblies that help to improve the accuracy of building energy simulation tools when modeling potential energy savings in older homes. Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed models for evaluating the thermal performance of walls in existing homes that will improve the accuracy of building energy simulation tools when predicting potential energy savings of existing homes. Uninsulated walls are typical in older homes where the wall cavities were not insulated during construction or where the insulating material has settled. Accurate calculation of heat transfer through building enclosures will help determine the benefit of energy efficiency upgrades in order to reduce energy consumption in older American homes. NREL performed detailed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis to quantify the energy loss/gain through the walls and to visualize different airflow regimes within the uninsulated cavities. The effects of ambient outdoor temperature, radiative properties of building materials, and insulation level were investigated. The study showed that multi-dimensional airflows occur in walls with uninsulated cavities and that the thermal resistance is a function of the outdoor temperature - an effect not accounted for in existing building energy simulation tools. The study quantified the difference between CFD prediction and the approach currently used in building energy simulation tools over a wide range of conditions. For example, researchers found that CFD predicted lower heating loads and slightly higher cooling loads. Implementation of CFD results into building energy simulation tools such as DOE2 and EnergyPlus will likely reduce the predicted heating load of homes. Researchers also determined that a small air gap in a partially insulated cavity can lead to a significant reduction in thermal resistance. For instance, a 4-in. tall air gap (Figure 1a) led to a 15% reduction in resistance. Similarly, a 2-ft tall air gap (Figure 1c) led to 54% reduction in thermal resistance. NREL researchers plan to extend this study to include additional wall configurations, and also to evaluate the performance of attic spaces with different insulation levels. NREL's objective is to address each potential issue that leads to inaccuracies in building energy simulation tools to improve the predictions.

  9. Comparison of Dynamic Data Analysis Methods for Thermal Property Measurement of a Building Wall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, K.; Gong, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy usage in heating and air-conditioning a building is influenced by several factors. Among them is the building wall, whose production is affected by the planning, design and construction process. This process causes a certain deviation...

  10. INTERACTION OF A SOLAR SPACE HEATING SYSTEM WITH THE THERMAL BEHAVIOR OF A BUILDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vilmer, Christian

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P(t) UAB time constant. Heat input power from a fan coil orof a building in response to heat input from an active solarS.R. of a building under heat input conditions for active

  11. Scenario Analysis of Peak Demand Savings for Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Rongxin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of demand response (DR) strategies in commercial buildingscommercial buildings. Introduction Demand response (DR) is ademand response quick assessment tool – DRQAT – was developed for evaluating DR strategies in commercial buildings.

  12. Evaluation and Optimization of Underground Thermal Energy Storage Systems of Energy Efficient Buildings (WKSP)- A Project within the new German R&D- Framework EnBop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bockelmann, F.; Kipry, H.; Plesser, S.; Fisch, M. N.

    of these research projects and presents detailed results of project WKSP. The performance of buildings with systems for underground thermal energy storage is analysed in this project. As the analyses show several systems work worse than expected. Within the project...

  13. Proceedings of the ASHRAE/DOE/BTECC Conference, Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Buildings VII, Clearwater Beach, Florida, December 7-11, 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-41694 BS-384 Proceedings of the ASHRAE/DOE/BTECC Conference, Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Buildings VII, Clearwater Beach, Florida, December 7-11, 1998 This work was supported

  14. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghajar, Afshin J.

    to reductions in electrical energy usage, and allow more effective demand-side management. However, comparedThis paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group

  15. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plus is a new whole-building energy simulation program being developed for the United States Department is modular in structure, and uses the heat balance technique to simulate building thermal loads. The Energy to calculate the airflows, which are used by EnergyPlus in the subsequent heat balance simulation. The paper

  16. Evaluation and Optimization of Underground Thermal Energy Storage Systems of Energy Efficient Buildings (WKSP)- A Project within the new German R&D- Framework EnBop 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bockelmann, F.; Kipry, H.; Plesser, S.; Fisch, M. N.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evaluation and optimization of underground thermal energy storage systems of Energy Efficient Buildings (WKSP) - A project within the new German R&D-framework EnBop Dipl.-Ing. Franziska Bockelmann IGS ? Institute of Building Services... and Energydesign, Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany Dipl.-Ing. Herdis Kipry IGS ? Institute of Building Services and Energydesign, Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany Dipl.-Ing. Stefan Plesser Head of Energy Efficient Non...

  17. Influence of concrete fracture on the rain infiltration and thermal performance of building facades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of the occupants. Over time, the pore structure of such materials may however be altered by cracks and defects for the purpose of durability assessments as well. Keywords heat; moisture; modelling; building material; fracture is to be accounted for in any long-term performance assessment. Hygrothermal simulations of building components

  18. Initial findings: The integration of water loop heat pump and building structural thermal storage systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marseille, T.J.; Johnson, B.K.; Wallin, R.P.; Chiu, S.A.; Crawley, D.B.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is one in a series of reports describing research activities in support of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Commercial Building System Integration Research Program. The goal of the program is to develop the scientific and technical basis for improving integrated decision-making during design and construction. Improved decision-making could significantly reduce buildings' energy use by the year 2010. The objectives of the Commercial Building System Integration Research Program are: to identify and quantify the most significant energy-related interactions among building subsystems; to develop the scientific and technical basis for improving energy related interactions in building subsystems; and to provide guidance to designers, owners, and builders for improving the integration of building subsystems for energy efficiency. The lead laboratory for this program is the Pacific Northwest Laboratory. A wide variety of expertise and resources from industry, academia, other government entities, and other DOE laboratories are used in planning, reviewing and conducting research activities. Cooperative and complementary research, development, and technology transfer activities with other interested organizations are actively pursued. In this report, the interactions of a water loop heat pump system and building structural mass and their effect on whole-building energy performance is analyzed. 10 refs., 54 figs., 1 tab.

  19. System-Level Monitoring and Diagnosis of Building HVAC System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Siyu

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Y. Shu, Building envelope regulations on thermal comfort inof the building envelope on indoor thermal behavior, serveof the building envelope on indoor thermal behavior. This is

  20. Lai, D., Guo, D., Hou, Y., Lin, C., and Chen, Q. 2014. "Studies of Outdoor Thermal Comfort in Northern China," Building and Environment, 77, 110-118

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    Lai, D., Guo, D., Hou, Y., Lin, C., and Chen, Q. 2014. "Studies of Outdoor Thermal Comfort in Northern China," Building and Environment, 77, 110-118 Studies of Outdoor Thermal Comfort in Northern China Engineering, Purdue University, Indiana, USA 2 School of Environment Science and Engineering, Tianjin

  1. Advanced thermal insulation for energy efficient buildings : structural performance of aerogel composite panels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goutierre, Thomas

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aerogels are well known as exceptional thermal insulators. Thermal conductivities of 9 to 10 mW/m.K have been achieved at atmospheric pressure, and a moderate vacuum (between 1/3 and 1/10 of an atmosphere) can lower this ...

  2. Analysis and Research on the Thermal Properties of Energy-efficient Building Glass: A Case Study in PVB Laminated Glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Z.; Meng, Q.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , are analyzed. The methods on usage of energy-saving glass are promoted based on the differences of their thermal properties. Meanwhile, a new kind of glass?PVB laminated glass (Fig.1), is introduced. Fl at cl ear gl ass 0. 05mmLOWE coati ng Fl at cl ear g... lass 3 mm( 5 mm) 0. 38mmPVB 3 mm( 5 mm) 0. 38mmPVB Fig. 1 Structure of PVB laminated glass ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Envelope Technologies for Building Energy Efficiency, Vol.II-4-5 2. EVALUATION STANDARDS OF SOLAR-OPTICAL PROPERTY The main...

  3. Corrosiveness of wet residential building thermal insulation---Mechanisms and evaluation of electrochemical methods for assessing corrosion behavior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stansbury, E.E. [Stansbury (E.E.), Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An evaluation has been made of the corrosiveness of selected wet residential building thermal insulation materials in contact with low carbon steel. Investigations were conducted both in wet insulations and in filtered leachates from insulations derived from thirteen cellulosic, three mineral fiber and four foam products. Potentiodynamic polarization measurements are reported from which the overall corrosion response was assessed and then the techniques of Tafel and polarization resistance analysis applied to estimate corrosion rates. Corrosion rates were also estimated electrochemically using a direct reading instrument which performs the rate calculation based on the polarization resistance principle. Direct determinations of corrosion rate were based on weight loss measurements.

  4. Best Practice For the Location of Air and Thermal Boundaries in Small Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, J. B.; Withers, C. R.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to problems with radon entry, sewer gas entry, and backdrafting and other problems related to combustion appliances. In some buildings, depressurization may become sufficiently extreme so that it is difficult to open exterior doors and combustion...

  5. Analysis of thermal fields generated by natural fires on the structural elements of tall buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capote, Jorge A; Alvear, Daniel; Lazaro, Mariano; Espina, Pablo; Fletcher, Ian A; Welch, Stephen; Torero, Jose L

    The Windsor Tower in Madrid was involved in a major fire, on 12-13 February 2005, which caused extensive structural damage to the upper floors of the building. This fire has provoked intense interest amongst researchers ...

  6. Testing of peak demand limiting using thermal mass at a small commercial building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Kyoung-Ho; Braun, James E; Fredrickson, Steve; Konis, Kyle; Arens, Edward

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 1. Building Picture / Satellite Photo Demand ResponseDemand Response Research Center, July 2007 https://escholarship.org/uc/item/19p737k1 The buildingbuilding in Palm Desert, California. The precooling Demand Response

  7. Distributed Energy Resources On-Site Optimization for Commercial Buildings with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    could be acquired, e.g. battery storage, the costs for whichlead/acid battery, and thermal storage, capabilities, withis limited by battery size - Heat storage is limited by

  8. Integrating Solar Thermal and Photovoltaic Systems in Whole Building Energy Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, S.; Haberl, J.

    to achieve further energy consumption reductions. To accomplish this, the F- Chart program was used for the solar thermal system analysis and the PV F-Chart program for the solar photovoltaic (PV) system analysis. Authors show how DOE-2.1e simulation... Time series plots of space heating and service hot water loads from SYSTEMS and PLANT simulation runs Due to the fact that the solar thermal systems analysis program, F-Chart, takes into account the system efficiencies in its loads calculation...

  9. Calculation of heat flow and temperature fields for building envelopes containing thermal bridges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Childs, K.W.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a preliminary meeting held at the Princeton University Center for Energy and Environmental Studies on March 14-15, 1988, Soviet and American representatives discussed these problems in some detail. After minor modifications, final problem definitions for six of the thermal bridges were generated. The seventh thermal bridge, originally submitted by the USSR, was withdrawn temporarily to add some further clarification. A common format for presenting the results was agreed upon, and both American and Soviet specialists subsequently solved the six problems. This paper presents the US solutions prepared at ORNL. 52 figs., 6 tabs.

  10. Distributed Energy Resources On-Site Optimization for Commercial Buildings with Electric and Thermal Storage Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lacommare, Kristina S H; Stadler, Michael; Aki, Hirohisa; Firestone, Ryan; Lai, Judy; Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The addition of storage technologies such as flow batteries, conventional batteries, and heat storage can improve the economic as well as environmental attractiveness of on-site generation (e.g., PV, fuel cells, reciprocating engines or microturbines operating with or without CHP) and contribute to enhanced demand response. In order to examine the impact of storage technologies on demand response and carbon emissions, a microgrid's distributed energy resources (DER) adoption problem is formulated as a mixed-integer linear program that has the minimization of annual energy costs as its objective function. By implementing this approach in the General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS), the problem is solved for a given test year at representative customer sites, such as schools and nursing homes, to obtain not only the level of technology investment, but also the optimal hourly operating schedules. This paper focuses on analysis of storage technologies in DER optimization on a building level, with example applications for commercial buildings. Preliminary analysis indicates that storage technologies respond effectively to time-varying electricity prices, i.e., by charging batteries during periods of low electricity prices and discharging them during peak hours. The results also indicate that storage technologies significantly alter the residual load profile, which can contribute to lower carbon emissions depending on the test site, its load profile, and its adopted DER technologies.

  11. A model for thermally driven heat and air transport in passive solar buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, G.F.; Balcomb, J.D.; Otis, D.R.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A model for transient interzone heat and air flow transport in passive solar buildings is presented incorporating wall boundary layers in stratified zones, and with interzone transport via apertures (doors and windows). The model includes features that have been observed in measurements taken in more than a dozen passive solar buildings. The model includes integral formulations of the laminar and turbulent boundary layer equations for the vertical walls which are then coupled to a one-dimensional core model for each zone. The cores in each zone exchange mass and energy through apertures that are modeled by an orifice type equation. The procedure is transient in that time dependence is retained only in the core equations which are solved by an explicit method. The model predicts room stratification of about 2/sup 0/C/m (1.1/sup 0/F/ft) for a room-to-room temperature difference of 0.56/sup 0/C(1/sup 0/F) which is in general agreement with the data.

  12. Model for thermally driven heat and air transport in passive solar buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, G.F.; Balcomb, J.D.; Otis, D.R.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A model for transient interzone heat and air flow transport in passive solar buildings is presented incorporating wall boundary layers in stratified zones, and with interzone transport via apertures (doors and windows). The model includes features that have been observed in measurements taken in more than a dozen passive solar buildings. The model includes integral formulations of the laminar and turbulent boundary layer equations for the vertical walls which are then coupled to a one-dimensional core model for each zone. The cores in each zone exchange mass and energy through apertures that are modeled by an orifice type equation. The procedure is transient in that time dependence is retained only in the core equations which are solved by an explicit method. The model predicts room stratification of about 2/sup 0/C/m (1.1/sup 0/F/ft) for a room-to-room temperature difference of 0.56/sup 0/C(1/sup 0/F) which is in general agreement with the data. 38 references, 10 figures, 1 table.

  13. Validation of Simulated Thermal Comfort using a Calibrated Building Energy Simulation (BES) model in the context of Building Performance Evaluation & Optimisation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coakley, D.; Corry, E. J.; Keane, M. M.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building Energy Simulation (BES) models play a significant role in the design and optimisation of buildings. Simulation models may be used to compare the cost-effectiveness of Energy- Conservation Measures (ECMs) in the design stage as well...

  14. Healthy buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book is covered under the following headings: Healthy building strategies/productivity, Energy and design issues, Ventilation, Contaminants, Thermal, airflow, and humidity issues, School-related issues, Sources and sinks, Filtering, Operation and maintenance.

  15. Indoor air movement acceptability and thermal comfort in hot-humid climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Candido, Christhina Maria

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HVAC) and the thermal envelope of buildings, but designments concern the thermal envelope, lighting and acoustics,HVAC and building’s thermal envelope. Yet requirements for

  16. Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Yudong

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Learning Control for Thermal Energy Storage Systems”. In:Predictive Control of Thermal Energy Storage in Buildingmaking use of building thermal energy storage, and this work

  17. Co-Simulation of Building Energy and Control Systems with the Building Controls Virtual Test Bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetter, Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and a core zone. The envelope thermal properties meet ASHRAEis the thermal zone and the building envelope model that was

  18. Influence Of Three Dynamic Predictive Clothing Insulation Models On Building Energy Use, HVAC Sizing And Thermal Comfort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Predictive Clothing Insulation Models based on Outdoor AirPREDICTIVE CLOTHING INSULATION MODELS ON BUILDING ENERGYthat the clothing insulation is equal to a constant value of

  19. Study on Auto-DR and Pre-Cooling of Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Rongxin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    maximize demand response savings for these buildings, wereDemand Response Infrastructure, in 16th National Conference on Buildingbuilding control strategies and techniques for demand response,

  20. Real-Time Forcast Model Analysis of Daily Average Building Load for a Thermal Storage System Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, L.; Joo, I. S.; Guwana, S.

    of a building and three real-time building load forecasting models were developed. They are first-order autogressive model, random walk model and linear regression model. Finally, the comparison of results show the random walk model provides the best...

  1. Evaluation of cooling performance of thermally activated building system with evaporative cooling source for typical United States climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Jingjuan; Bauman, Fred

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and high temperature cooling_REHVA Guidebook, Federation ofEvaluation of cooling performance of thermally activatedsystem with evaporative cooling source for typical United

  2. Healthy buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Geshwiler, M.; Montgomery, L.; Moran, M. (eds.)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This proceedings is of the Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Conference held September 4--8, 1991 in Washington, D.C. Entitled the IAQ 91, Healthy Buildings,'' the major topics of discussion included: healthy building strategies/productivity; energy and design issues; ventilation; contaminants; thermal, airflow, and humidity issues; school-related issues; sources and sinks; filtering; and operation and maintenance. For these conference proceedings, individual papers are processed separately for input into the Energy Data Base. (BN)

  3. Design and Construction of a Guarded Hot Box Facility for Evaluating the Thermal Performance of Building Wall Materials 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mero, Claire Renee

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    , studs in walls are also thermal bridges, since the thermal resistance of wood is much less than the insulation surrounding them. [5] In order to block thermal bridging, either exterior insulation or Aerogel stud strips can be used. [4]. Most exterior... components. [6] 3 3 Aerogel is a silica based nano-scale structure originally developed by NASA and used on the Mars Rover that is 98% air [7], [8]. Until recently aerogel has been far too expensive to even consider using in homes, however...

  4. Design and Construction of a Guarded Hot Box Facility for Evaluating the Thermal Performance of Building Wall Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mero, Claire Renee

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    , studs in walls are also thermal bridges, since the thermal resistance of wood is much less than the insulation surrounding them. [5] In order to block thermal bridging, either exterior insulation or Aerogel stud strips can be used. [4]. Most exterior... components. [6] 3 3 Aerogel is a silica based nano-scale structure originally developed by NASA and used on the Mars Rover that is 98% air [7], [8]. Until recently aerogel has been far too expensive to even consider using in homes, however...

  5. Study on Auto-DR and Pre-Cooling of Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Rongxin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    loads account for the majority of electricity usage – these loads significantly influenced the whole building power profile.power under extreme cold weather conditions to estimate the actual lighting and equipment end use load profiles.power profile during the peak period. The “Pre-cooling with linear temp set up” strategy load

  6. Study on Auto-DR and Pre-Cooling of Commercial Buildings with Thermal Mass in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yin, Rongxin; Xu, Peng; Piette, Mary Ann; Kiliccote, Sila

    2010-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses how to optimize pre-cooling strategies for buildings in a hot California climate zone with the Demand Response Quick Assessment Tool (DRQAT), a building energy simulation tool. This paper outlines the procedure used to develop and calibrate DRQAT simulation models, and applies this procedure to eleven field test buildings. The results of a comparison between the measured demand savings during the peak period and the savings predicted by the simulation model indicate that the predicted demand shed match well with measured data for the corresponding auto-demand response (Auto-DR) days. The study shows that the accuracy of the simulation models is greatly improved after calibrating the initial models with measured data. These improved models can be used to predict load reductions for automated demand response events. The simulation results were compared with field test data to confirm the actual effect of demand response strategies. Results indicate that the optimal demand response strategies worked well for most of the buildings tested in this hot climate zone.

  7. Investigation of Cooling and Dehumidification Energy Use and Indoor Thermal Conditions in Polk County Schools Permanent Replacement Classroom Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moyer, N. A.; Cummings, J. B.; Chasar, D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . To this end, the Florida's Polk County School Board has developed a four-quad permanent replacement classroom building. Each classroom is equipped with a package terminal heat pump (PTHP) with a thermostat control with a four-hour crank timer. The objective...

  8. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on Outdoor Coils of Air-Source Heat Pumps. Proceedings of ASME-ATI-UIT. Conference on Thermal and Environmental Issues in Energy Systems 16 ­ 19 May, 2010, Sorrento, Italy INTRODUCTION Air source heat pump and have low installation cost. An air source heat pump exchanges heat directly from the indoor environment

  9. Model Predictive Control for the Operation of Building Cooling Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Yudong

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    predictive control of thermal energy storage in buildingsystems which use thermal energy storage. In particular thepredictive control of thermal energy storage in building

  10. Indoor-Outdoor Air Leakage of Apartments and Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, P.N.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building Environment and Thermal Envelope Council (BETEC)of Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes ofof the Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of

  11. Worldwide Status of Energy Standards for Buildings - Appendices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janda, K.B.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Other: Thermal properties of envelope; air-tightness; energyof Overall Thermal Transfer Value to Building Envelope Hongenvelope provisions: Roof Wall system Fenestration system Infiltration Other: Thermal

  12. Solar buildings. Overview: The Solar Buildings Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings account for more than one third of the energy used in the United States each year, consuming vast amounts of electricity, natural gas, and fuel oil. Given this level of consumption, the buildings sector is rife with opportunity for alternative energy technologies. The US Department of Energy`s Solar Buildings Program was established to take advantage of this opportunity. The Solar Buildings Program is engaged in research, development, and deployment on solar thermal technologies, which use solar energy to produce heat. The Program focuses on technologies that have the potential to produce economically competitive energy for the buildings sector.

  13. Thermal Energy Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rutberg, Michael; Hastbacka, Mildred; Cooperman, Alissa; Bouza, Antonio

    2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The article discusses thermal energy storage technologies. This article addresses benefits of TES at both the building site and the electricity generation source. The energy savings and market potential of thermal energy store are reviewed as well.

  14. System design and dynamic signature identification for intelligent energy management in residential buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jang, Jaehwi

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    climates, Journal of Thermal Envelope and Building Science ,the eectiveness of the envelope's thermal insulation on theBuilding 3.1.1 Thermal properties The envelope of a building

  15. THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF MANAGED WINDOW SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selkowitz, S. E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes ofof thermal loads resulting from the building envelope areThermal Test Facility, LhL-9653, prepared for the ASHRAE/DOE Conference-on"t:heThermal Performance the Exterior Envelope

  16. A NEW MEASUREMENT STRATEGY FOR in situ TESTING OF WALL THERMAL PERFORMANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Condon, P.E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conservation, Dynamic thermal envelope thermal performanceTHERHAL TEST UNIT The envelope thermal test unit (ETTU) is athe thermal resistance of building envelope systems through

  17. Evaluation of the Heating & Cooling Energy Demand of a Case Residential Building by Comparing The National Calculation Methodology of Turkey and EnergyPlus through Thermal Capacity Calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atamaca, Merve; Kalaycioglu, Ece; Yilmaz, Zerrin

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    usage and energy performance in buildings was published by European Union. In this scope, Turkey has developed a National Building Energy Performance Calculation Methodology, BepTr, which is based on simple hourly method in ISO EN 13790 Umbrella Document...

  18. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghajar, Afshin J.

    ,J. The correlations form the basis of a newconvective heat transfer model. This modelhas been tested in the Building

  19. Data Collection Methods for Assessing Adaptive Comfort in Mixed-Mode Buildings and Personal Comfort Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ackerly, Katie; Brager, Gail; Arens, Ed

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal  comfort  for  free  running  buildings”,   Energy  and   Buildings,   23(3):  175-­?182   Baker,  N.V. ,  naturally  ventilated  buildings. ”  In   Proceedings  of  

  20. Cycling and Transit Green Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotze, Heike K.

    solar thermal panels at the LSC. 2. Solar wall on the Mona Campbell Bld. 3. 80 solar Photovoltaic (PV) panels installed in front of a solar wall system on the roof of the Computer Science Bld. Water Green Buildings Renewable Energy 1. Solar Thermal and PV Panels are mounted on C Building for research

  1. Full-scale study of a building equipped with phase change material wallboards and a multi-layer rack latent heat thermal energy store system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -layer rack latent heat thermal energy store system Julien Borderon1 , Joseph Virgone2 , Richard Cantin1 installed as wallboard and as latent heat thermal energy storage system coupled with the ventilation system for the ventilation air is efficient. INTRODUCTION Nowadays, thermal energy storage systems are one way for reducing

  2. ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT 1978

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sonderegger, R. C.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plan for Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Insulatingwith the recently developed Thermal Envelopes and Insulatinga new device A the Envelope Thermal Testing Unit (ETTU),~ .

  3. Improving the thermal integrity of new single-family detached residential buildings: Documentation for a regional database of capital costs and space conditioning load savings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koomey, J.G.; McMahon, J.E.; Wodley, C.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the costs and space-conditioning load savings from improving new single-family building shells. It relies on survey data from the National Association of Home-builders (NAHB) to assess current insulation practices for these new buildings, and NAHB cost data (aggregated to the Federal region level) to estimate the costs of improving new single-family buildings beyond current practice. Space-conditioning load savings are estimated using a database of loads for prototype buildings developed at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, adjusted to reflect population-weighted average weather in each of the ten federal regions and for the nation as a whole.

  4. Building Stones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3). Photographs by the author. Building Stones, Harrell, UEEOxford Short Citation: Harrell, 2012, Building Stones. UEE.Harrell, James A. , 2012, Building Stones. In Willeke

  5. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (http://www.hvac.okstate.edu).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . For these reasons, ground-coupled heat pump systems are potentially more efficient than conven- tional air-to-air -Source Heat Pump System Models in an Integrated Building and System Simulation Environment. HVAC&R Research 12 and Validation of Ground-Source Heat Pump System Models in an Integrated Building and System Simulation

  6. THE IMPACT OF BUILDING ORIENTATION ON RESIDENTIAL HEATING AND COOLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersson, Brandt

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PASSIVE SOLAR RESIDENTIAL BUILDING* Introduction In order to provide a basis for thermal analyses examining the effects of design

  7. Worldwide Status of Energy Standards for Buildings - Appendices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janda, K.B.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solar thermal panels (program terminated) Adcfltional sources of information about energy efficiency for buildings in: Portugal A energia

  8. A study of the thermal improvement methods employed on traditional building fabric: Specific to traditional Scottish stone walls and slate roofs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Connor, Lucy

    The energy efficiency of traditional buildings has become increasingly important in the design and construction industry over the past forty years or so. Instigated initially by the oil crisis in the seventies, when it ...

  9. Simulation of the Post-Retrofit Thermal Energy Use for the University Teaching Center (UTC) Building with the Use of Simplified System Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katipamula, S.; Claridge, D. E.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several state owned buildings with dual-duct constant volume (DDCV) systems have been retrofitted with energy efficient variable air volume systems (VAV) as part of the Texas LoanSTAR Program. One method of determining the energy savings resulting...

  10. FORESTRY BUILDING: BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FORESTRY BUILDING: BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN Date Adopted: August 18, 2009 Date Revised June 17, 2013 Prepared By: Diana Evans and Jennifer Meyer #12;PURDUE UNIVERSITY BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN VERSION 3 2 Table Suspension or Campus Closure SECTION 3: BUILDING INFORMATION 3.1 Building Deputy/Alternate Building Deputy

  11. MODELING PASSIVE SOLAR BUILDINGS WITH HAND CALCULATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, David B.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    California ABSTRACT Passive solar design can be encouragedpassive solar buildings and the a b i l i t y to predict the thermal response of various designs.

  12. BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viglas, Anastasios

    BUILDING NAME HEYDON-LAURENCE BUILDING PHARMACY AND BANK BUILDING JOHN WOOLEY BUILDING OLD TEARCHER'S BUILDING PHYSICS BUILDING BAXTER'S LODGE INSTITUTE BUILDING CONSERVATION WORKS R.D.WATT BUILDING MACLEAY BUILDING THE QUARANGLE BADHAM BUILDING J.D. STEWART BUILDING BLACKBURN BUILDING MADSEN BUILDING STORE

  13. Jess S. Jackson Sustainable Winery Building WATER STORAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schladow, S. Geoffrey

    and an 8-foot-high CMU wall, constructed within the thermal envelope, provides thermal mass throughout reduce the need for electrical lighting PASSIVE HEATING AND COOLING natural ventilation and thermal mass-sustaining. The 8,500 sq.ft. building is a pre-engineered metal building with a significantly upgraded thermal

  14. NREL Buildings Research Video

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Through research, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has developed many strategies and design techniques to ensure both commercial and residential buildings use as little energy as possible and also work well with the surroundings. Here you will find a video that introduces the work of NREL Buildings Research, highlights some of the facilities on the NREL campus, and demonstrates these efficient building strategies. Watch this video to see design highlights of the Science and Technology Facility on the NREL campus?the first Federal building to be LEED® Platinum certified. Additionally, the video demonstrates the energy-saving features of NRELs Thermal Test Facility. For a text version of this video visit http://www.nrel.gov/buildings/about_research_text_version.html

  15. Quantitative relationships between occupant satisfaction and satisfaction aspects of indoor environmental quality and building design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frontczak, Monika; Schiavon, Stefano; Goins, John; Arens, Edward A; Zhang, Hui Ph.D; Wargocki, Pawel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and thermal comfort in office buildings: Results of a largeIn: Proceedings of Healthy Buildings, Vol III, pp. 393-397.M. (2007) 'Green' buildings: What Australian building users

  16. Around Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treib, Marc

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Around Buildings W h y startw i t h buildings and w o r k o u t wa r d ? For one, buildings are difficult t o a v o i d these

  17. Estimation of Building Parameters Using Simplified Energy Balance Model and Metered Whole Building Energy Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H.; Claridge, D.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , cooling and heating and weather data using multiple linear regression models based on the simplified steady-state energy balance for a whole building. Two approaches using different response variables: the energy balance load (EBL) and the building thermal...

  18. Estimation of Building Parameters Using Simplified Energy Balance Model and Metered Whole Building Energy Use 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masuda, H.; Claridge, D.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , cooling and heating and weather data using multiple linear regression models based on the simplified steady-state energy balance for a whole building. Two approaches using different response variables: the energy balance load (EBL) and the building thermal...

  19. Developing an integrated building design tool by coupling building energy simulation and computational fluid dynamics programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhai, Zhiqiang, 1971-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building energy simulation (ES) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can play important roles in building design by providing essential information to help design energy-efficient, thermally comfortable and healthy ...

  20. BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUILDING INSPECTION Building, Infrastructure, Transportation City of Redwood City 1017 Middlefield Sacramento, Ca 95814-5514 Re: Green Building Ordinance and the Building Energy Efficiency Standards Per of Redwood City enforce the current Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards as part

  1. A Semi-Empirical Model for Studying the Impact of Thermal Mass and Cost-Return Analysis on Mixed-mode Ventilation in Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    -mode Ventilation in Office Buildings Haojie Wang1 and Qingyan Chen2,1,* 1 School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue-mode ventilation that combines natural ventilation and mechanical ventilation has great potential to save cooling energy when compared to mechanical systems and is more reliable than natural ventilation systems

  2. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is presented. INTRODUCTION Although originating in the residential building sector, ground-source heat pump conductivity is a signif- icant challenge facing designers of ground-source heat pump (GSHP heat pump systems" may include a range of system configurations, closed-loop systems, where the ground

  3. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (http://www.hvac.okstate.edu).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -source heat pump (GSHP) systems have been gaining increasing popularity in commercial and residential in construction to a domestic water well). Water is circulated from the well through the heat pump in an open, water is recirculated between the well and the building (heat pump). Deep bores are drilled in hard rock

  4. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (http://www.hvac.okstate.edu).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the heat gain due to lights, both of ASHRAE's new cooling load calculation procedures require contributor to the space heat gain and the space cooling load in many commercial buildings. To account's new cooling load calcu- lation procedures (Pedersen et al. 1998) use a simple lighting heat gain model

  5. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    system with condensing gas boilers and vapor compression refrigeration. Introduction Ground source heat to that of a conventional system with condensing gas boilers and vapor compression refrigeration. #12;Building Representative time series of heating and cooling plant demands were required for the analysis of the ground

  6. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    environmental systems. The accuracy ofthe thermal load calculation procedure is, therefore, ofconcern to heating oftwo newproceduresfor design cooling load calculations: the heat balance method (HBM) andradiant time (Spitler et al. 1997) is a simplified, heat balance-based design cooling load method intended

  7. Thermal design through space and time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feldgoise, Jeffrey

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the primary roles of architecture is to control the environment at the service of a building's inhabitants. Thermal qualities are a significant factor in the overall experience one has inside and outside a building. ...

  8. A DETAILLED WEATHER DATA GENERATOR FOR BUILDINGS SIMULATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A DETAILLED WEATHER DATA GENERATOR FOR BUILDINGS SIMULATION L. ADELARD*, H. BOYER, F. GARDE, J@iremia.univ-reunion.fr Abstract Thermal buildings simulation softwares need meteorological files in thermal comfort, energetic@iremia.univ-reunion.fr #12;1 A DETAILLED WEATHER DATA GENERATOR FOR BUILDINGS SIMULATION L. Adelard*, H. Boyer, F. Garde, J

  9. Human Health Science Building Geothermal Heat Pumps

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Project objectives: Construct a ground sourced heat pump, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system for the new Oakland University Human Health Sciences Building utilizing variable refrigerant flow (VRF) heat pumps. A pair of dedicated outdoor air supply units will utilize a thermally regenerated desiccant dehumidification section. A large solar thermal system along with a natural gas backup boiler will provide the thermal regeneration energy.

  10. Future Cities Existing Buildings Solving the Conundrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    Heat Pump #12;ATES - Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Seasonal storage of coolth and heat #12;Urban Heat Warming Buildings Heat Gain Heat Losses Underground Thermal Energy Storage; The Principle Free Cooling feasibility of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage #12;The Dutch Experience The work of IF Technology in Holland

  11. Exploring the Optimal Thermal Mass to Investigate the Potential of a Novel Low-Energy House Concept

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoes, P. J.; Trcka, M.; Hensen, J.; Bonnema, B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In conventional buildings thermal mass is a permanent building characteristic depending on the building design. However, none of the permanent thermal mass concepts are optimal in all operational conditions. We propose a concept that combines...

  12. Building America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brad Oberg

    2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    IBACOS researched the constructability and viability issues of using high performance windows as one component of a larger approach to building houses that achieve the Building America 70% energy savings target.

  13. Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 3700, April 6-8, 1999. This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    through components of building thermal envelopes. Two thermal chambers maintain steady-state heat flow the barrier between the outdoor weather and conditioned inside space. A building's thermal envelope consists to increase the efficiency of building heating and cooling. Heat flow through the building thermal envelope

  14. Building technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, Roderick

    2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    After growing up on construction sites, Roderick Jackson is now helping to make buildings nationwide far more energy efficient.

  15. Building technologies

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Jackson, Roderick

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    After growing up on construction sites, Roderick Jackson is now helping to make buildings nationwide far more energy efficient.

  16. Renewable Energy Applications for Existing Buildings: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayter, S. J.; Kandt, A.

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces technical opportunities, means, and methods for incorporating renewable energy (RE) technologies into building designs and operations. It provides an overview of RE resources and available technologies used successfully to offset building electrical and thermal energy loads. Methods for applying these technologies in buildings and the role of building energy efficiency in successful RE projects are addressed along with tips for implementing successful RE projects.

  17. Beardmore Building

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Priest River, ID Originally built in 1922 by Charles Beardmore, the building housed offices, mercantile shops, a ballroom and a theater. After decades of neglect under outside ownership, Brian Runberg, an architect and great-grandson of Charles Beardmore, purchased the building in 2006 and began an extensive whole building historic restoration.

  18. Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 Building America Residential Buildings Energy Efficiency Meeting: July 2010 On this page, you may link...

  19. Commercial remodeling : using computer graphic imagery to evaluate building energy performance during conceptual redesign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Kyle D

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research is an investigation of the relationship between commercial remodeling and building thermal performance. A computer graphic semiotic is developed to display building thermal performance based on this relationship. ...

  20. 3457, Page, 1 Coupled CFD/Building Envelope Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gugercin, Serkan

    ) for the building thermal network. The final form of the state-space building envelope system is: x(t) = A x(t) + Bw3457, Page, 1 Coupled CFD/Building Envelope Model for the Purdue Living Lab Donghun KIM (kim1077 features. In the present case we develop a procedure for coupling a building envelope model to a CFD

  1. Impacts of Some Building Design Parameters on Heat Pump Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdim, B.; Manioglu, G.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most important properties of a sustainable building is to provide thermal comfort conditions for users with a minimum heating and cooling energy consumption. Therefore, primary design parameters of building should be developed...

  2. APPLICATION OF IT AND INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS TO IMPROVE BUILDING ENVELOPE PERFORMANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammad, Amin

    , Quebec, Canada ABSTRACT Improving thermal performance of building envelopes reduces energy consumption the thermal performance of the building envelope, e.g., the advanced house program from NRCan, better windows, and improved thermal performance of building envelopes. According to Hydro Quebec, house characteristics

  3. Thermal network reduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is presented for reducing the number of elements required in a thermal network representation of a building. The method is based on matching the actual building response at two frequencies, the diurnal response and 3-day response. The procedure provides a straightforward methodology for combining all the various materials inside a discrete building zone into a few nodes while retaining a high degree of accuracy in the dynamic response. An example is given showing a comparison between a large network and the reduced network.

  4. Thermal network reduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is presented for reducing the number of elements required in a thermal network representation of a building. The method is based on matching the actual building response at two frequencies, the diurnal response and 3-day response. The procedure provides a straightforward methodology for combining all the various materials inside a discrete building zone into a few nodes while retaining a high degree of accuracy in the dynamic response. An example is given showing a comparison between a large network and the reduced network.

  5. Comparison of simplified models of urban climate for improved prediction of building energy use in cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Street, Michael A. (Michael Anthony)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal simulation of buildings is a requisite tool in the design of low-energy buildings, yet, definition of weather boundary conditions during simulation of urban buildings suffers from a lack of data that accounts for ...

  6. Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    investigated issues to better understand the mechanics behind the addition of insulation to the exterior of buildings to increase the thermal resistance of wood-framed walls...

  7. Research & Development Needs for Building-Integrated Solar Technologie...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    photovoltaic-thermal systems (PVT), active solar lighting, and building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV). View the full report Report: Research & Development Needs for...

  8. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Testing...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and other sources related to building-efficiency measures that focus on the DHPhybrid heating system and heat recovery ventilation (HRV) system; Evaluate the thermal...

  9. Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team studied the effectiveness of the External Thermal Moisture Management System (ETMMS) as a solution for improving airtightness in a...

  10. Building Stones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was no good source of local building stone, rock was usuallyrock-cut shrines and especially tombs, and these are the sources

  11. Better Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neukomm, M.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    efficiency as top priority energy resource Revolutionary change in market Robust energy efficiency industry Prime the market for new technology Better Buildings Challenge Goals Make commercial & industrial buildings 20% more efficient by 2020... opportunities for energy efficiency 2 Great opportunities in the residential, commercial and industrial sectors 20% + savings is average Other benefits: Jobs, Environment, Competitiveness But persistent barriers exist?? ?Energy efficiency...

  12. Continuous Control in Buildings with Bond Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiler, W.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and reductions in room air mixing, International conference on Environmental Ergonomics August 2-7. Zhang H., Arens E., Huizinga C., Han T., 2010, Thermal sensations and comfort models for non- uniform and transient environments, Building and Environment...

  13. Using Building Simulation and Optimization to Calculate Lookup Tables for Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffey, Brian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    building e?ciency. Thermal energy storage is becoming morestored in a strati?ed thermal energy storage (TES) tank andwith thermal storage. ACEEE Summer Study on Energy E?ciency

  14. Accepted for publication in Energy and Buildings. 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2014.03.056 Improvement of Borehole Thermal Energy Storage Design Based on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .03.056 1 Improvement of Borehole Thermal Energy Storage Design Based on Experimental and Modelling Results Thermal Energy Storage appears to be an attractive solution for solar thermal energy storage. The SOLARGEOTHERM research project aimed to evaluate the energetic potential of borehole thermal energy storage

  15. Building America Webinar: Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings Building America Webinar: Ventilation in Multifamily Buildings This webinar was presented by research team Consortium for Advanced Residential...

  16. Building America Expert Meeting: Transforming Existing Buildings...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Transforming Existing Buildings through New Media--An Idea Exchange Building America Expert Meeting: Transforming Existing Buildings through New Media--An Idea Exchange This report...

  17. Building Science

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 25, 2012, and addressed the question ŤHow do we first do no harm with high-r enclosures??

  18. Building debris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahmen, Joseph (Joseph F. D.)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis relates architectural practices to intelligent use of resources and the reuse of derelict spaces. The initial investigation of rammed earth as a building material is followed by site-specific operations at the ...

  19. Building Stones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1992 Are the pyramids of Egypt built of poured concreteel-Anba’ut, Red Sea coast, Egypt. Marmora 6, pp. 45 - 56.building stones of ancient Egypt are those relatively soft,

  20. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Supermarket

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  1. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Warehouse

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  2. INL High Performance Building Strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jennifer D. Morton

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High performance buildings, also known as sustainable buildings and green buildings, are resource efficient structures that minimize the impact on the environment by using less energy and water, reduce solid waste and pollutants, and limit the depletion of natural resources while also providing a thermally and visually comfortable working environment that increases productivity for building occupants. As Idaho National Laboratory (INL) becomes the nation’s premier nuclear energy research laboratory, the physical infrastructure will be established to help accomplish this mission. This infrastructure, particularly the buildings, should incorporate high performance sustainable design features in order to be environmentally responsible and reflect an image of progressiveness and innovation to the public and prospective employees. Additionally, INL is a large consumer of energy that contributes to both carbon emissions and resource inefficiency. In the current climate of rising energy prices and political pressure for carbon reduction, this guide will help new construction project teams to design facilities that are sustainable and reduce energy costs, thereby reducing carbon emissions. With these concerns in mind, the recommendations described in the INL High Performance Building Strategy (previously called the INL Green Building Strategy) are intended to form the INL foundation for high performance building standards. This revised strategy incorporates the latest federal and DOE orders (Executive Order [EO] 13514, “Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance” [2009], EO 13423, “Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management” [2007], and DOE Order 430.2B, “Departmental Energy, Renewable Energy, and Transportation Management” [2008]), the latest guidelines, trends, and observations in high performance building construction, and the latest changes to the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED®) Green Building Rating System (LEED 2009). The document employs a two-level approach for high performance building at INL. The first level identifies the requirements of the Guiding Principles for Sustainable New Construction and Major Renovations, and the second level recommends which credits should be met when LEED Gold certification is required.

  3. UNDERSTANDING FLOW OF ENERGY IN BUILDINGS USING MODAL ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Gardner; Kevin Heglund; Kevin Van Den Wymelenberg; Craig Rieger

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is widely understood that energy storage is the key to integrating variable generators into the grid. It has been proposed that the thermal mass of buildings could be used as a distributed energy storage solution and several researchers are making headway in this problem. However, the inability to easily determine the magnitude of the building’s effective thermal mass, and how the heating ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) system exchanges thermal energy with it, is a significant challenge to designing systems which utilize this storage mechanism. In this paper we adapt modal analysis methods used in mechanical structures to identify the primary modes of energy transfer among thermal masses in a building. The paper describes the technique using data from an idealized building model. The approach is successfully applied to actual temperature data from a commercial building in downtown Boise, Idaho.

  4. Seminar on building codes and standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A seminar was conducted for state building code officials and state energy officials to discuss the following: status of the states regulatory activities for energy conservation standards for buildings; the development, administration, and enforcement processes for energy conservation standards affecting new construction; lighting and thermal standards for existing buildings; status of the development and implementation of the Title III Program, Building Energy Performance Standards (BEPS); and current status of the State Energy Conservation Program. The welcoming address was given by John Wenning and the keynote address was delivered by John Millhone. Four papers presented were: Building Energy Performance Standards Development, James Binkley; Lighting Standards in Existing Buildings, Dorothy Cronheim; Implementation of BEPS, Archie Twitchell; Sanctions for Building Energy Performance Standards, Sue Sicherman.

  5. Solar Applications to Multiple County Buildings Feasibility Study

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This study was requested by Salt Lake County in an effort to obtain a cursory overview of solar electric and solar thermal application possibilities on the rooftops of existing county buildings. The subject buildings represent various County Divisions: Aging Services, Community Services, County Health, County Library, Parks & Recreation, Public Works, County Sheriff and Youth Services. There are fifty two buildings included in the study.

  6. High-Performance Home Technologies: Solar Thermal & Photovoltaic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in each of the volumes. High-Performance Home Technologies: Solar Thermal & Photovoltaic Systems More Documents & Publications Building America Whole-House Solutions for...

  7. Guide to Setting Thermal Comfort Criteria and Minimizing Energy Use in Delivering Thermal Comfort

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Regnier, Cindy

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Historically thermal comfort in buildings has been controlled by simple dry bulb temperature settings. As we move into more sophisticated low energy building systems that make use of alternate systems such as natural ventilation, mixed mode system and radiant thermal conditioning strategies, a more complete understanding of human comfort is needed for both design and control. This guide will support building designers, owners, operators and other stakeholders in defining quantifiable thermal comfort parameters?these can be used to support design, energy analysis and the evaluation of the thermal comfort benefits of design strategies. This guide also contains information that building owners and operators will find helpful for understanding the core concepts of thermal comfort. Whether for one building, or for a portfolio of buildings, this guide will also assist owners and designers in how to identify the mechanisms of thermal comfort and space conditioning strategies most important for their building and climate, and provide guidance towards low energy design options and operations that can successfully address thermal comfort. An example of low energy design options for thermal comfort is presented in some detail for cooling, while the fundamentals to follow a similar approach for heating are presented.

  8. Building Interoperability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy FutureDepartment of Energy Building Energy-EfficientBuilding

  9. Building Interoperability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy FutureDepartment of Energy Building Energy-EfficientBuilding

  10. Avoiding Sick Buildings while Assuring Occupant Productivity and Building Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Int-Hout, D.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .5 Fig 5 Thermal Comfort Envelopes It can be seen that a single setpoint, such as 75F 50% RH, will satisfy neither individual above. Another problem results from occupant?s misdiagnosis of what is troubling them. The individual on the left, (1....1 Met, 1.0 Clo) above, at 75F, will probably not complain of being too warm, as indicated, but will more likely complain of being ?Stuffy?. Building operators may be inclined to ignore these complaints, especially when the building...

  11. A HYGROTHERMAL BUILDING MODEL BASED ON THE OBJECT-ORIENTED MODELING LANGUAGE MODELICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A HYGROTHERMAL BUILDING MODEL BASED ON THE OBJECT-ORIENTED MODELING LANGUAGE MODELICA Christoph modeling language Modelica. As a starting point for the development of the new building model (thermal building simulation). The first results of this research are Modelica-implementations of a thermal

  12. Physical Building Information Modeling for Solar Building Design and Simulation- Annual Report 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, W.; Haberl, J.; Clayton, M.; Jeong, W.; Kim, J.; Kota, S.; Alcocer, J.; Dixit, M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    information from BIM to Radiance. For Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV), we have researched on how to build solar models in BIM that can calculate solar position and solar insolation. 1.2 Research on BIM simplification methods, BIM topology, and data... we will continue investigating the use of Modelica to integrate the daylighting modeling with thermal modeling. 4 c) BIPV prototypes We have developed a Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) prototype in the BIM (Autodesk Revit) platform...

  13. Physics of passive solar buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Primary emphasis in the paper is on methods of characterizing and analyzing passive solar buildings. Simplifying assumptions are described which make this analysis tractable without compromising significant accuracy or loss of insight into the basic physics of the situation. The overall nature of the mathematical simulation approach is described. Validation procedures based on data from test rooms and monitored buildings are outlined. Issues of thermal comfort are discussed. Simplified methods of analysis based on correlation procedures are reported and the nature of the economic conservation-solar optimization process is explored. Future trends are predicted.

  14. Solar energy thermalization and storage device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McClelland, John F. (Ames, IA)

    1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A passive solar thermalization and thermal energy storage assembly which is visually transparent. The assembly consists of two substantial parallel, transparent wall members mounted in a rectangular support frame to form a liquid-tight chamber. A semitransparent thermalization plate is located in the chamber, substantially paralled to and about equidistant from the transparent wall members to thermalize solar radiation which is stored in a transparent thermal energy storage liquid which fills the chamber. A number of the devices, as modules, can be stacked together to construct a visually transparent, thermal storage wall for passive solar-heated buildings.

  15. InfraMation 2009 Proceedings 2009-029 Schreyer Interactive Three-Dimensional Visualization of Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    of this "thermal envelope" in the process of performing energy auditing of homes and buildings. One drawback, nondestructive information about the thermal envelope performance of any building. This includes validation the performance of this "thermal envelope" (i.e. the walls, fenestration, foundation, and ceiling or roof

  16. Home | Better Buildings Workforce

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Better Buildings Logo EERE Home | Programs & Offices | Consumer Information Search form Search Search Better Buildings Logo Connect with Us LinkedIn Twitter Better Buildings...

  17. Automated rapid thermal imaging systems technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phan, Long N., 1976-

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A major source of energy savings occurs on the thermal envelop of buildings, which amounts to approximately 10% of annual energy usage in the United States. To pursue these savings, energy auditors use closed loop energy ...

  18. Building Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) - Building...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    about BEopt. See an example of a Building America project that used BEopt. Find more case studies of Building America projects across the country that incorporate BEopt when...

  19. Hybrid PID-fuzzy control scheme for managing energy resources in buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Hybrid PID-fuzzy control scheme for managing energy resources in buildings Benjamin Paris, Julien. Keywords: energy performance of buildings, multi-energy buildings, thermal comfort, hybrid PID: both indoor temperature regulation and energy resources management in buildings require the design

  20. Energy Performance and Comfort Level in High Rise and Highly Glazed Office Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bayraktar, M.; Perino, M.; Yilmaz, A. Z.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal and visual comfort in buildings play a significant role on occupants' performance but on the other hand achieving energy savings and high comfort levels can be a quite difficult task especially in high rise buildings with highly glazed...

  1. Discussion on Energy-Efficient Technology for the Reconstruction of Residential Buildings in Cold Areas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, J.; Wang, S.; Chen, H.; Shi, Y.; Li, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : Based on the existing residential buildings in cold areas, this paper takes the existing residential buildings in a certain district in Beijing to provide an analysis of the thermal characteristics of envelope and energy consumption in winter...

  2. Origins of Analysis Methods in Energy Simulation Programs Used for High Performance Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Sukjoon

    2013-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Current designs of high performance buildings utilize hourly building energy simulations of complex, interacting systems. Such simulations need to quantify the benefits of numerous features including: thermal mass, HVAC systems and, in some cases...

  3. Microcomputer Energy Analysis Studies of Selected Building Types in a Hot, Humid Climatic Zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQueen, T. M.; Leaver, J. F.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE-2 building energy analysis computer program has been used in both the design and analysis of new or retrofitted buildings. The combination of ease of use, economy, and the capability of producing a comprehensive thermal analysis has made...

  4. Energy Performance and Comfort Level in High Rise and Highly Glazed Office Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bayraktar, M.; Perino, M.; Yilmaz, A. Z.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal and visual comfort in buildings play a significant role on occupants' performance but on the other hand achieving energy savings and high comfort levels can be a quite difficult task especially in high rise buildings with highly glazed...

  5. Industrial Buildings

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Building FloorspaceThousandWithdrawals0.0 0.0Decade4Year114,937

  6. 3Building a Business Building a Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    15 3Building a Business Building a Business This section provides direction on the kinds. If you contemplate building a "garage- based" company to sell a product into a niche market, you should-ups conjure up images of future wealth, of building the next Amgen or Microsoft, of launching what will become

  7. Passive solar concepts for multistory buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multistory buildings long in the east-west direction and short in the north-south direction offer good opportunity for passive solar application. If each unit within the building is designed so that the Solar Savings Fraction is the same, each will respond to the weather the same way and no unit-to-unit heat distribution is needed. A numerical example for Denver is given indicating excellent thermal performance and a several-day thermal response time. Solutions involving distribution of heat from unit to unit are also discussed as well as top-floor and south-wall variations.

  8. Passive solar concepts for multistory buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multistory buildings long in the east-west direction and short in the north-south direction offer good opportunity for passive solar application. If each unit within the building is designed so that the solar Savings Fraction is the same, each will respond to the weather the same way and no unit-to-unit heat distribution is needed. A numerical example for Denver is given indicating excellent thermal performance and a several-day thermal response time. Solutions involving distribution of heat from unit to unit are also discussed as well as top-floor and south-wall variations.

  9. Building America Webinar: High Performance Enclosure Strategies: Part II, New Construction

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The webinar is the second in the series on designing and constructing high performance building enclosures, and will focus on effective strategies to address moisture and thermal needs.

  10. Monitoring-based HVAC Commissioning of an Existing Office Building for Energy Efficiciency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Liping

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dascalaki E, Gaglia A. HVAC and indoor thermal conditions inCommissioning of Building HVAC Systems for Improving Energyand diagnosis strategy for HVAC systems involving sensor

  11. Practical Solar Thermal Chilled Water 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leavell, B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the potential to impact America's use of non-renewable energy beyond its own design capacity by applying it to the optimization of an existing building's system. Solar-thermal chilling systems are not new. However, few of them can be described as a practical...

  12. Practical Solar Thermal Chilled Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leavell, B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the potential to impact America's use of non-renewable energy beyond its own design capacity by applying it to the optimization of an existing building's system. Solar-thermal chilling systems are not new. However, few of them can be described as a practical...

  13. Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System with Thermal Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mammoli, Andrea

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solar-thermal- assisted hvac system. Energy and Buildings, [of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System with Thermal Storage A.of a solar-assisted HVAC system with thermal storage. Energy

  14. IMPACT OF THE CLIMATE ON THE DESIGN OF LOW-ENERGY BUILDINGS FOR AUSTRALIA AND REUNION ISLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    IMPACT OF THE CLIMATE ON THE DESIGN OF LOW-ENERGY BUILDINGS FOR AUSTRALIA AND REUNION ISLAND B of low energy building. This approach is to perform a real evaluation of the sensation of thermal comfort. This article discusses the comparison of the thermal comfort levels obtained in the same building located

  15. Building America Webinar: Saving Energy in Multifamily Buildings...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    More Documents & Publications Building America Webinar: Retrofit Ventilation Strategies in Multifamily Buildings Webinar Energy Saver Guide Building America...

  16. Application of Infrared Thermography in Building Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Y.; Chen, H.; Xu, Q.; I, D.; Wang, Z.; Fang, X.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on experience, the paper introduces the key issues during the use of infrared thermography in building energy efficiency. In order to get a more useful thermal infrared spectrum, we must correct the operating apparatus and measure more...

  17. Application of Infrared Thermography in Building Energy Efficiency 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Y.; Chen, H.; Xu, Q.; I, D.; Wang, Z.; Fang, X.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on experience, the paper introduces the key issues during the use of infrared thermography in building energy efficiency. In order to get a more useful thermal infrared spectrum, we must correct the operating apparatus and measure more...

  18. Instrumenting Buildings to Determine Retrofit Savings: Murphy's Law Strikes Again

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neal, D. L.; Bryant, J.; Carlson, K.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    &M University. Metering typically includes monitoring for the whole-building electric load, chilled and hot water thermal loads and selected submetered electrical loads. The emphasis of the lessons learned was on the instrumentation used and installation...

  19. Temperature behavior in the build section of multilateral wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero Lugo, Analis Alejandra

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    would be most useful. Parameters that were varied for this experiment included fluid thermal properties, absolute values of temperature and pressure, geothermal gradients, flow rates from each lateral, and the trajectories of each build section. From...

  20. Thermovote: Participatory Sensing for Efficient Building HVAC Conditioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerpa, Alberto E.

    Thermovote: Participatory Sensing for Efficient Building HVAC Conditioning Varick L. Erickson, Measurement, Performance Keywords HVAC conditioning, PMV, thermal comfort, phones 1 Introduction Recently goal, the service that HVAC systems provide is arguably more important than reducing energy. Before we

  1. and Pollutant Safeguarding Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    commercial buildings, these flows are driven primarily by the building's ventilation system, but natural2004 Airflow and Pollutant Transport Group Safeguarding Buildings Against Chemical and Biological research since 1998 to protect buildings and building occupants from threats posed by airborne chemical

  2. Building America Webinar: Building America Research Tools | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Building America Research Tools Building America Webinar: Building America Research Tools This webinar was held on March 18, 2015, and reviewed Building America research tools,...

  3. Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile - Building...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile - Building Energy Optimization Analysis Method (BEopt) Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile - Building Energy...

  4. ARE 3D HEAT TRANSFER FORMULATIONS WITH SHORT TIME STEP AND SUN PATCH EVOLUTION NECESSARY FOR BUILDING SIMULATION?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ; Savoyat et al., 2011). As a thermal model of a building envelope should take into account rapid A numerical model is developed to accurately simulate the transient thermal behaviour of rooms with sun of current transient thermal models when adapted to low energy buildings, defined as those with particularly

  5. Building America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brad Oberg

    2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Builders generally use a 'spec and purchase' business management system (BMS) when implementing energy efficiency. A BMS is the overall operational and organizational systems and strategies that a builder uses to set up and run its company. This type of BMS treats building performance as a simple technology swap (e.g. a tank water heater to a tankless water heater) and typically compartmentalizes energy efficiency within one or two groups in the organization (e.g. purchasing and construction). While certain tools, such as details, checklists, and scopes of work, can assist builders in managing the quality of the construction of higher performance homes, they do nothing to address the underlying operational strategies and issues related to change management that builders face when they make high performance homes a core part of their mission. To achieve the systems integration necessary for attaining 40% + levels of energy efficiency, while capturing the cost tradeoffs, builders must use a 'systems approach' BMS, rather than a 'spec and purchase' BMS. The following attributes are inherent in a systems approach BMS; they are also generally seen in quality management systems (QMS), such as the National Housing Quality Certification program: Cultural and corporate alignment, Clear intent for quality and performance, Increased collaboration across internal and external teams, Better communication practices and systems, Disciplined approach to quality control, Measurement and verification of performance, Continuous feedback and improvement, and Whole house integrated design and specification.

  6. Thermal Batteries for Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    HEATS Project: UT Austin will demonstrate a high-energy density and low-cost thermal storage system that will provide efficient cabin heating and cooling for EVs. Compared to existing HVAC systems powered by electric batteries in EVs, the innovative hot-and-cold thermal batteries-based technology is expected to decrease the manufacturing cost and increase the driving range of next-generation EVs. These thermal batteries can be charged with off-peak electric power together with the electric batteries. Based on innovations in composite materials offering twice the energy density of ice and 10 times the thermal conductivity of water, these thermal batteries are expected to achieve a comparable energy density at 25% of the cost of electric batteries. Moreover, because UT Austin’s thermal energy storage systems are modular, they may be incorporated into the heating and cooling systems in buildings, providing further energy efficiencies and positively impacting the emissions of current building heating/cooling systems.

  7. APS Building Monitors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Building Monitors For non-401 Building Monitors, select: LOMs Other APS Buildings 401 West WCtr Lab Wing ECtr East 5th Floor Yiying Ge na na na na 4th Floor Rick Fenner Karen...

  8. Building Performance Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a future with  very low energy buildings resulting in very consumption  of  low  energy  buildings,  with  site  EUI design and operation of low energy buildings through better 

  9. Thick Buildings [Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffin, Christie Johnson

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on Occupant Behavior in Buildings, New Directions forSacramento, is a thin building that surrounds an atrium. (Performance of a Green Building," Urban UndQune 1992): 23-

  10. Building Energy Monitoring and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    United States and China, Energy and Buildings, 2013. Underin Singapore. Energy and Buildings, 37, 167-174. Eom, J. ,building operations. Energy and Buildings, 33, 783–791.

  11. BUILDING PROCTOR rev. April 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUILDING PROCTOR MANUAL rev. April 2014 #12;Building Proctor Manual rev. April 2014 2 TABLE.........................................................................................................................................5 Role of a Building Proctor ..............................................................................................................5 Authority of Building Proctor

  12. Summary Report: Control Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam; Lee, Yoonsu

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    control over their local thermal and ventilation conditions,local system through central Johnson Controls system. Even if they had not gone to natural ventilation,local constraint PAGE 20 UCLA’s Kinsey Hall AKA Humanities Building) SF Federal Building (site specific wind driven ventilation )

  13. Detecting and tracing building occupants to optimize process control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiler,W.; Labeodan,T.; Boxem,G.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Philadelphia, USA Hoes P., Hensen J., Loomans M., Vries B. de, Bourgeois D. (2009) User behavior in whole building simulation, Energy and Buildings 41: 295-302. Huizinga, C., Abbaszadeh, S., Zagreus, L., Arens, E., (2006) Air quality and thermal comfort...

  14. Buildings Interoperability Landscape ? DRAFT

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers BACS building automation and control system BCHP building-cooling-heating-power BPM Business Process Modeling BTO...

  15. Building Scale DC Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Folsom CA, Integration of Renewable Resources: OperationalOffice of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, BuildingOffice of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building

  16. Office Buildings - Full Report

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1). Table 1. Totals and means of of floorspace, number of workers, and hours of operation for office buildings, 2003 Buildings (thousand) Total Floorspace (million sq. ft.)...

  17. Instrumenting Buildings to Determine Retrofit Savings: Murphy's Law Revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boecker, C. L.; Bohmer, C.; O'Neal, D. L.; Bryant, J.

    the whole building electric load, building thermal loads and selected submetered loads. The emphasis of the lessons learned is on the instrumentation used and installation problems encountered during this project. INTRODUCTION During the past three and one..." should be able to avoid them. However, even experienced installers of building energy metering systems seem to struggle with some of these "obvious" problems and if a solution is developed, often there is no written record left for future reference...

  18. Evaluating the performance of passive-solar-heated buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of evaluating the thermal performance of passive-solar buildings are reviewed. Instrumentation and data logging requirements are outlined. Various methodologies that have been used to develop an energy balance for the building and various performance measures are discussed. Methods for quantifying comfort are described. Subsystem and other special-purpose monitoring are briefly reviewed. Summary results are given for 38 buildings that have been monitored.

  19. Energy Comparison Between Conventional and Chilled Water Thermal Storage Air Conditioning Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebzali, M.; Hussain, H. J.; Ameer, B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , encouraged by government subsidies and driven by the rapid and continual expansion in building construction, urban development, and the heavy reliance on Air Conditioning (AC) systems for the cooling of buildings. The Chilled Water Thermal Storage (CWTS...

  20. A Study on the Effects of Unwanted Air Infiltration on Thermal Comfort at an Airport Terminal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lander, B.; Wei, G.; Claridge, D.; Caeiro, J.

    The Energy Systems Laboratory at Texas A&M University is currently studying ways to make improvements in thermal comfort at the Terminal E building at DFW airport. Airport terminal building HVAC systems are generally known to consume large amounts...

  1. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Business Models Guide, October 27, 2011.

  2. NIST Preliminary Reconnaissance, Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    NIST Preliminary Reconnaissance, Building Performance and Emergency Communications, Joplin)): Support R&D to improve building codes and standards and practices for design and construction of buildings of and data collection on the impact of severe wind on buildings, structures, and infrastructure ­ Section 204

  3. RESEARCH BUILDING AT NORTHWESTERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engman, David M.

    BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH BUILDING AT NORTHWESTERN MEDICINE #12;"Our new Biomedical Research Building-intensive medical schools. Perkins+Will has designed a building that will be superbly functional and have great a magnificent 12-story Biomedical Research Building to address this priority. The new 600,000 square foot

  4. BUILDING MANAGEMENT & RESTRICTED ACCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnston, Daniel

    BUILDING MANAGEMENT & RESTRICTED ACCESS Plan Annex 2014 VIII #12;#12;#12;The University of Texas at Austiniv #12;Building Management & Restricted Access Plan Annex v CONTENTS RECORD OF CHANGES .......................................................................................................15 J. BUILDING SECURITY OPERATIONS RESTRICTED ACCESS PROCEDURES FOR BUILDINGS ON ELECTRONIC ACCESS

  5. FOREST CENTRE STORAGE BUILDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deYoung, Brad

    FOREST CENTRE STORAGE BUILDING 3 4 5 6 7 8 UniversityDr. 2 1 G r e n f e l l D r i v e MULTI PURPOSE COURT STUDENT RESIDENCES GREEN HOUSE STUDENT RESIDENCES STUDENT RESIDENCES RECPLEX STORAGE BUILDING STORAGE BUILDING LIBRARY & COMPUTING FINE ARTS FOREST CENTRE ARTS &SCIENCE BUILDING ARTS &SCIENCE

  6. Community Development Building Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California Energy Commission 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, Ca 95814-5514 Re: Green Building Ordinance of Los Altos Energy Efficiency Ordinance, Green Building Regulations under the 2005 California Building by the Board on that date. The Green Building Regulation, Chapter 12.66 of the City Municipal code, will ensure

  7. State-of-the-Art and Outlook: Thermal Properties of Phase Change Wallboard Rooms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, G.; Liang, R.; Li, G.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    technology and the thermal characteristic- analyzing method commonly applied in building envelopes, proposes future research methods for phase change material wall rooms, and lays a solid foundation for the research of the heat transfer mechanism and thermal...

  8. A Calibrated Computer Model for the Thermal Simulation of Courtyard Microclimates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bagneid, A.; Haberl, J.

    study courtyard house. The model allowed running parametric sensitivity studies on the courtyard thermal simulation factors. The model was then used to produce annual hourly courtyard microclimate weather fIle for use by the DOE-2 building thermal...

  9. Calculation program for design of windows in residential buildings Ins Palma Santos and Svend Svendsen*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Svendsen* Department of Civil Engineering, Brovej, Building 118, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 of the thermal losses through the buildings envelop while during the summer period they can lead to overheating sustainable buildings at the Department of Civil Engineering at the Technical University of Denmark

  10. Thermal Processes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Some thermal processes use the energy in various resources, such as natural gas, coal, or biomass, to release hydrogen, which is part of their molecular structure. In other processes, heat, in...

  11. Tunable Electrical and Thermal Transport in Ice-Templated MultiLayer Graphene Nanocomposites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    to electrical energy storage,1­3 thermal energy storage,4­13 and composite materials.14­21 Ice applications in thermal and electrical energy storage. Phase change thermal storage seeks to reduce building offsets in energy supply and demand.6 Thermal energy storage is also an appealing way to cool power

  12. House Simulation Protocols (Building America Benchmark) - Building...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    House Simulation Protocols. See an example of this Top Innovation in action. Find more case studies of Building America projects across the country that utilize House Simulation...

  13. Building Green in Greensburg: Business Incubator Building

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This poster highlights energy efficiency, renewable energy, and sustainable features of the high-performing SunChips Business Incubator building in Greensburg, Kansas.

  14. Building Green in Greensburg: City Hall Building

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This poster highlights energy efficiency, renewable energy, and sustainable features of the high-performing City Hall building in Greensburg, Kansas.

  15. Joseph Vance Building, The

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Seattle, WA In 2006, the Rose Smart Growth Investment Fund acquired the historic Joseph Vance Building with the purpose of transforming it into "the leading green and historic class B" building in the marketplace. The terra cotta Vance Building was constructed in 1929 and has 14 floors - 13 floors of offices over ground-floor retail with a basement for mechanical equipment and storage. In 2009 the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) awarded the Vance Building LEED for Existing Buildings (EB) Gold certification.

  16. Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile - Building...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Top Innovations Hall of Fame Profile - Building America's Top Innovations Propel the Home Building Industry toward Higher Performance Building America Top Innovations Hall of Fame...

  17. Building Science-Based Climate Maps - Building America Top Innovation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Science-Based Climate Maps - Building America Top Innovation Building Science-Based Climate Maps - Building America Top Innovation Photo showing climate zone maps based on the IECC...

  18. Trends in Commercial Buildings--Buildings and Floorspace

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Home > Trends in Commercial Buildings > Trends in Buildings Floorspace Data tables Commercial Buildings TrendDetail Commercial Floorspace TrendDetail Background: Adjustment to...

  19. Building operating systems services: An architecture for programmable buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson-Haggerty, Stephen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    7.3.2 Building Performance Analysis . . . . . . 7.4 RelatedWork 2.1 Building Physical Design . . . . . . . . . .3.2.6 Building Applications . . . . . . . . . . .

  20. Structural stability vs. thermal performance: old dilemma, new solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kosny, J.; Christian, J.E.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In many building envelopes, actual thermal performance falls quite a bit short of nominal design parameters given in standards. Very often only windows, doors, and a small part of the wall area meet standards requirements. In the other parts of the building envelope, unaccounted thermal bridges reduce the effective thermal resistance of the insulation material. Such unaccounted heat losses compromise the thermal performance of the whole building envelope. For the proper analysis of the thermal performance of most wall and roof details, measurements and three-dimensional thermal modeling are necessary. For wall thermal analysis the whole-wall R-value calculation method can be very useful. In ties method thermal properties of all wall details are incorporated as an area weighted average. For most wall systems, the part of the wall that is traditionally analyzed, is the clear wall, that is, the flat part of the wall that is uninterrupted by details. It comprises only 50 to 80% of the total area of the opaque wall. The remaining 20 to 50% of the wall area is not analyzed nor are its effects incorporated in the thermal performance calculations. For most of the wall technologies, traditionally estimated R-values are 20 to 30% higher than whole-wall R-values. Such considerable overestimation of wall thermal resistance leads to significant errors in building heating and cooling load estimations. In this paper several examples are presented of the use of the whole-wall R-value procedure for building envelope components. The advantages of the use of the whole wall R-value calculation procedure are also discussed. For several building envelope components, traditional clear-wall R-values are compared with the results of whole-wall thermal analysis to highlight significant limits on the use of the traditional methods and the advantages of advanced computer modeling.

  1. advanced thermal interface: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Danny Grant; Gabriel Robles-de-la-Torre 2004-01-01 210 Thermal properties of advanced aerogel insulation MIT - DSpace Summary: Buildings consume too much energy. For example,...

  2. advanced thermally stable: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 121 Thermal properties of advanced aerogel insulation MIT - DSpace Summary: Buildings consume too much energy. For example,...

  3. advanced thermal control: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    100 MeV. Noriyoshi Ishii; Hideo Suganuma 2003-12-27 273 Thermal properties of advanced aerogel insulation MIT - DSpace Summary: Buildings consume too much energy. For example,...

  4. advanced thermal processing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 301 Thermal properties of advanced aerogel insulation MIT - DSpace Summary: Buildings consume too much energy. For example,...

  5. Thermal Insulating Concrete Wall Panel Design for Sustainable Built Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Ao

    Air-conditioning system plays a significant role in providing users a thermally comfortable indoor environment, which is a necessity in modern buildings. In order to save the vast energy consumed by air-conditioning system, ...

  6. Minnesota Power- Solar-Thermal Water Heating Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minnesota Power offers a 25% rebate for qualifying solar thermal water heating systems. The maximum award for single-family customers is $2,000 per customer; $4,000 for 2-3 family unit buildings;...

  7. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  8. Building, landscape and section

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Daniel B. (Daniel Bryant)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    All buildings have in their section a relationship to the landscape on which they are sited. Therefore we as inhabitants of these buildings may or may not have a relationship with the landscape. It is the supposition of ...

  9. Special Building Renovations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A number of building types have specific energy uses and needs, and as such the renewable opportunities may be different from a typical office building. This section briefly discusses the following...

  10. Model Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ''Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  11. APS Building Managers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Building Managers BUILDING CONTACT 400,401,402,411,412,413,415,420,431-436,438 Steven Downey 450 Glenn Kailus 382 Joe Gagliano 378 Ed Theres 314 Ed Russell...

  12. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For more...

  13. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ''Note: Much of the information presented in this summary is drawn from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Building Energy Codes Program and the Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP). For...

  14. Financing green buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Christopher John, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An emerging trend in real estate is the development of sustainable buildings, partially due to the huge environmental impact of the design, construction and operation of commercial buildings. This thesis provides a brief ...

  15. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2009 S.B. 1182 created the Oklahoma Uniform Building Code Commission. The 11-member Commission was given the power to conduct rulemaking processes to adopt new building codes. The codes adopted...

  16. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Prior to 1997, South Carolina's local governments adopted and enforced the building codes. In 1997, the law required statewide use of the most up-to-date building codes, which then required the...

  17. Building condition monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samouhos, Stephen V. (Stephen Vincent), 1982-

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The building sector of the United States currently consumes over 40% of the United States primary energy supply. Estimates suggest that between 5 and 30% of any building's annual energy consumption is unknowingly wasted ...

  18. Change in historic buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Chien-Ni

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Change in historic buildings is inevitable. If these changes are not well-managed, the cityscape will be threatened because a city is composed of buildings. A good city should combine both growth and preservation. Controlling ...

  19. The Role of Energy Storage in Commercial Building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Subbarao, Krishnappa; Prakash Kumar, Nirupama; Bandyopadhyay, Gopal K.; Finley, C.; Koritarov, V. S.; Molburg, J. C.; Wang, J.; Zhao, Fuli; Brackney, L.; Florita, A. R.

    2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivation and Background of Study This project was motivated by the need to understand the full value of energy storage (thermal and electric energy storage) in commercial buildings, the opportunity of benefits for building operations and the potential interactions between a building and a smart grid infrastructure. On-site or local energy storage systems are not new to the commercial building sector; they have been in place in US buildings for decades. Most building-scale storage technologies are based on thermal or electrochemical storage mechanisms. Energy storage technologies are not designed to conserve energy, and losses associated with energy conversion are inevitable. Instead, storage provides flexibility to manage load in a building or to balance load and generation in the power grid. From the building owner's perspective, storage enables load shifting to optimize energy costs while maintaining comfort. From a grid operations perspective, building storage at scale could provide additional flexibility to grid operators in managing the generation variability from intermittent renewable energy resources (wind and solar). To characterize the set of benefits, technical opportunities and challenges, and potential economic values of storage in a commercial building from both the building operation's and the grid operation's view-points is the key point of this project. The research effort was initiated in early 2010 involving Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to quantify these opportunities from a commercial buildings perspective. This report summarizes the early discussions, literature reviews, stakeholder engagements, and initial results of analyses related to the overall role of energy storage in commercial buildings. Beyond the summary of roughly eight months of effort by the laboratories, the report attempts to substantiate the importance of active DOE/BTP R&D activities in this space.

  20. PROGRESS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wall, L.W.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I Figure 21. Sample building energy use label expressed inanalyses of actual buildings energy consumption data confirm1983. PROGRESS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS Leonard W. Wall

  1. The Economics of Green Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eichholtz, Piet; Kok, Nils; Quigley, John M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Benjamin. "Do LEED-Certified Buildings Save Energy? Yes,But,." Energy and Buildings, 2009, 41, pp. 897-905. Royalrating, and publicizing buildings along these dimensions (

  2. Building Energy Monitoring and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Center for Building Energy Efficiency, and the China Center on Building Energy Efficiency (CERC-BEE) November,1)  CERC  Building  Energy  Efficiency  (CERC?BEE) 

  3. The Economics of Green Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eichholtz, Piet; Kok, Nils; Quigley, John M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environment Quality in Green Buildings: A Review," Nationalof Popular Attention to Green Building Notes: Sources:2007 - 2009 panel of green buildings and nearby control

  4. Building Operator Certification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lilley, D.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building Operator Certification Energy Efficiency through Operator Training CATEE December 18, 2013 – San Antonio, TX Dennis Lilley, CEM, PMP ESL-KT-13-12-49 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16...-18 Building Operator Certification Energy Efficiency through Operator Training What is Building Operator Certification? Industry-recognized credential in energy efficient building operation practices Created with 100 industry experts Launched in 1996 9...

  5. Building Songs 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    . Sman shad building song 5.WAV Length of track 00:02:14 Related tracks (include description/relationship if appropriate) Title of track Building Songs 5 Translation of title Description (to be used in archive entry) Skar ma chos mdzin... sings a building song. Such songs are traditionally sung antiphonally between two groups of men while they are ramming walls. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Building song Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma...

  6. Building Songs 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    . Sman shad building song 8.WAV Length of track 00:01:28 Related tracks (include description/relationship if appropriate) Title of track Building Songs 8 Translation of title Description (to be used in archive entry) Skar ma chos mdzin... sings a building song. Such songs are traditionally sung antiphonally between two groups of men while they are ramming walls. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Building song Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma...

  7. Building Songs 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    . Sman shad building song 7.WAV Length of track 00:09:57 Related tracks (include description/relationship if appropriate) Title of track Building Songs 7 Translation of title Description (to be used in archive entry) Skar ma chos mdzin... sings a building song. Such songs are traditionally sung antiphonally between two groups of men while they are ramming walls. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Building song Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma...

  8. Building Performance Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, A.; Harris, J.; Mbentin, B.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building Performance Evaluation Anne King and Jo Harris, MBEKTN and BSRIA Agenda ? Background to funding and programme ? The Building Performance Evaluation Programme in the UK ? Requirements ? Results ? Impact ? Discussion ? Do you/ How do... you do Building Performance Evaluation? ? What gaps are there and what could research do to fill them? Background ? The Technology Strategy Board ? the funders ? Low Impact Building programme ? BSRIA and others ? evaluators ? Soft Landings...

  9. Kiowa County Commons Building

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This poster describes the energy efficiency features and sustainable materials used in the Kiowa County Commons Building in Greensburg, Kansas.

  10. Executive report Building knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geffner, Hector

    Executive report Building knowledge To build citizens To build cities UPF CAMPUS ICŔRIA INTERNATIONAL PROJECT 2010 International Campus of Excellence Programme #12;2 UPF CAMPUS ICŔRIA INTERNATIONAL this presentation from the one submitted in the CEI 2009 programme where UPF was classified as a `promising

  11. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Primary school

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  12. Building America Webinar: Building America: Research for Real...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Building America Webinar: Building America: Research for Real-World Results Building America Webinar: Building America: Research for Real-World Results December 17, 2014 3:00PM to...

  13. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Stand-alone retail

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  14. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small office

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  15. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  16. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Fast food

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  17. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Strip mall

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  18. Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Secondary school

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

  19. High-Performance Home Technologies: Solar Thermal & Photovoltaic Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baechler, M.; Gilbride, T.; Ruiz, K.; Steward, H.; Love, P.

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is the sixth volume of the Building America Best Practices Series. It presents information that is useful throughout the United States for enhancing the energy efficiency practices in the specific climate zones that are presented in the first five Best Practices volumes. It provides an introduction to current photovoltaic and solar thermal building practices. Information about window selection and shading is included.

  20. Continuous Commissioning(SM) of a Thermal Storage System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, W. D.; Liu, M.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    be costly, which can result in turning on chillers during on-peak hours in order to provide cooling to the buildings. In this paper the optimization of a thermal storage system operation through Continuous CommissioningSM is presented. Detailed building...

  1. Passive solar buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D. [ed.] [Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (United States)

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Developments in passive solar buildings that took place from the early 1970`s through 1989 are described. Much of the work covered was federally sponsored during the period 1975 through 1986. About half the volume is devoted to quantitative methods for modeling, simulation, and design analysis of passive buildings; the other half summarizes the quantitative results of testing and monitoring of models and buildings. The following are covered: building solar gain modeling, simulation analysis, simplified methods, materials and components, analytical results for specific systems, test modules, building integration, performance monitoring and results, and design tools. (MHR)

  2. Passive solar buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D. (ed.) (Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (United States))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Developments in passive solar buildings that took place from the early 1970's through 1989 are described. Much of the work covered was federally sponsored during the period 1975 through 1986. About half the volume is devoted to quantitative methods for modeling, simulation, and design analysis of passive buildings; the other half summarizes the quantitative results of testing and monitoring of models and buildings. The following are covered: building solar gain modeling, simulation analysis, simplified methods, materials and components, analytical results for specific systems, test modules, building integration, performance monitoring and results, and design tools. (MHR)

  3. INSERT YOUR BUILDING NAME HERE: BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INSERT YOUR BUILDING NAME HERE: BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN Date Adopted: 6/4/13 Date Revised: 6/4/13 Prepared By: Tracey Simmerman #12;PURDUE UNIVERSITY BUILDING EMERGENCY PLAN VERSION 3 2 Table of Contents Suspension or Campus Closure SECTION 3: BUILDING INFORMATION 3.1 Building Deputy/Alternate Building Deputy

  4. Buildings and Areas 1001 Broadway Building D1 BDWY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, John

    Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System is a nationally accepted benchmark for the designBuildings and Areas 1001 Broadway Building D1 BDWY 1313 East Columbia Building B3 CLMB Administration Building D1 ADMN Admissions & C2 ADAL Alumni Building Archbishop Murphy A1 ATMA Apartments Arrupe

  5. Embedded Commissioning for Building Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akin, O.; Turkaslan-Bulbul, M. T.; Gursel, I.; Garrett, J. H.; Akinci, B.; Wang, H.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building Commissioning has a broad scope that extends to all phases of building delivery. We view commissioning as a building delivery embedded process that persistently verifies and validates design intent throughout the building lifecycle process...

  6. Commercial Buildings Characteristics, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992 presents statistics about the number, type, and size of commercial buildings in the United States as well as their energy-related characteristics. These data are collected in the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), a national survey of buildings in the commercial sector. The 1992 CBECS is the fifth in a series conducted since 1979 by the Energy Information Administration. Approximately 6,600 commercial buildings were surveyed, representing the characteristics and energy consumption of 4.8 million commercial buildings and 67.9 billion square feet of commercial floorspace nationwide. Overall, the amount of commercial floorspace in the United States increased an average of 2.4 percent annually between 1989 and 1992, while the number of commercial buildings increased an average of 2.0 percent annually.

  7. AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsang, C.-F.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    aquifers for thermal energy storage. Problems outlined aboveModeling of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers," Proceed-ings of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Workshop, Lawrence

  8. AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsang, C.-F.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    using aquifers for thermal energy storage. Problems outlinedmatical Modeling of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers,"ings of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Workshop, Lawrence

  9. AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsang, C.-F.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    using aquifers for thermal energy storage. Problems outlinedmatical Modeling of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers,"Proceed- ings of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Workshop,

  10. Also Known As (Room or Building)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    Room No. Also Known As (Room or Building) Hearing Assistance Type 702 InfraRed 704 InfraRed 706 Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam

  11. Building Energy Monitoring and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    platforms and  building automation systems (BAS), a building  automation  control,  fault  detection  and  diagnostics  (FDD),  and  continuous  system 

  12. Indoor climate control accounts for over 40% of the energy used in US residential buildings1, much of which

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    with an envelope of significant thermal capacitance and resistance, such as PCM-ECC. The temperature difference denoted (TC) is largely caused by the thermal capacitance of the envelope material, and that denoted (TR of which is ultimately lost via the building envelope. To provide passive heat storage in building

  13. THERMAL HYDRAULICS KEYWORDS: thermal hydraulics,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Barton L.

    -fluid modeling of nuclear reactor systems. Thermal-hydraulic analysis codes such as RELAP5-3D ~Ref. 1! and FLICA regions of the system. In fact, the CFD code FLUENT has previously been coupled to RELAP5-3D ~Refs. 3

  14. Pv-Thermal Solar Power Assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ansley, Jeffrey H. (El Cerrito, CA); Botkin, Jonathan D. (El Cerrito, CA); Dinwoodie, Thomas L. (Piedmont, CA)

    2001-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A flexible solar power assembly includes a flexible photovoltaic device attached to a flexible thermal solar collector. The solar power assembly can be rolled up for transport and then unrolled for installation on a surface, such as the roof or side wall of a building or other structure, by use of adhesive and/or other types of fasteners.

  15. Mechanical Engineering & Thermal Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Mechanical Engineering & Thermal Group The Mechanical Engineering (ME) & Thermal Group at LASP has · STOP (Structural, Thermal, and Optical Performance) analyses of optical systems Thermal engineers lead evolved with the complexity of instrument design demands, LASP mechanical engineers develop advanced

  16. BUILDING EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN [Medical Sciences Building, Building # 192] / [506 S. Mathews, Urbana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Matthew

    BUILDING EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN [Medical Sciences Building, Building # 192] / [506 S. Mathews requires the BUILDING EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT TEAM: Building Command Post1 1. M2 classroom, Carle Forum This Building Emergency Action Plan (BEAP) is to be used in conjunction with the Emergency Response Guide (ERG

  17. Research and Application of RCF Technology in Public Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, J.; Pan, D.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , China, September 14-17, 2014 Research and Application of RCF Technology in Public Buildings 7. REFERENCES ASHRAE, 2013, “2013 Handbook-Fundamental, Thermal Comfort”, American Society of Heating, refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc...Radiant Ceiling plus Fresh Air Research and Application of RCF Technology in Public Buildings ???????????? AirStar Air Conditioning Technology Group (HK) Ltd ?????????? AirStar Environment Technology Group Ltd ?????????????? YanTong Zhu...

  18. The Lovejoy Building

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Portland, OR Originally built in 1910 as the stables for the Marshall-Wells Hardware Company, the Lovejoy Building is the home of Opsis Architects. The owner/architects purchased and renovated the historic building to house their growing business and to provide ground-floor office lease space and second-floor offices for their firm. Opsis wanted to use the building to experience and demonstrate the technologies and practices it promotes with clients.

  19. Study on Commissioning Process for Control Logic of Thermal Storage System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shioya, M.; Tsubaki, M.; Nakahara, N.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    thermal storage system in an actual building using the CLT. Introduction In thermal storage systems, as large temperature difference between the supply water and the return water as possible should be maintained in order to ensure high system..., at the secondary water circuit of a heat exchanger installed between the thermal storage system and secondary HVAC system of an actual building. One of the authors, Nakahara, acted as Commissioning Authority during construction phase and later as a consultant...

  20. Status of thermal imaging technology as applied to conservation-update 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snow, F.J.; Wood, J.T.; Barthle, R.C.

    1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document updates the 1978 report on the status of thermal imaging technology as applied to energy conservation in buildings. Thermal imaging technology is discussed in terms of airborne surveys, ground survey programs, and application needs such as standards development and lower cost equipment. Information on the various thermal imaging devices was obtained from manufacturer's standard product literature. Listings are provided of infrared projects of the DOE building diagnostics program, of aerial thermographic firms, and of aerial survey programs. (LCL)

  1. Phase-Change Frame Walls (PCFWs) for On-Peak Demand Reduction and Energy Conservation in Residential Buildings: Development, Construction and Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, M.; Medina, M. A.; King, J. B.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main purpose of this work was to develop a thermally enhanced frame wall that would reduce peak load air conditioning demand, shift a portion of the thermal load, and conserve energy in residential buildings. A frame wall containing...

  2. A case study of industrial building energy performance in a cold climate region in a developing country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    1 A case study of industrial building energy performance in a cold climate region in a developing to analyze industrial building energy performance. A lack of communication, cultural differences in design of methods to evaluate building energy use, air leakage, condensation, thermal insulation, and indoor air

  3. Building Songs 10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    . Sman shad building song 10.WAV Length of track 00:06:03 Related tracks (include description/relationship if appropriate) Title of track Building Songs 10 Translation of title Description (to be used in archive entry) Male villagers... sing a building song. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Building song Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 6th 2009. Place of recording Gad dmar khug market Mda' ma Township, Sde dge...

  4. What is Building America?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    DOE's Building America program is helping to bridge the gap between homes with high energy costs and homes that are healthy, durable, and energy efficient.

  5. Building Songs 11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zla ba sgrol ma

    2009-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    . Sman shad building song 11.WAV Length of track 00:21:12 Related tracks (include description/relationship if appropriate) Title of track Building Songs 11 Translation of title Description (to be used in archive entry) Male villagers... sing a building song. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Building song Name of recorder (if different from collector) Zla ba sgrol ma Date of recording November 6th 2009. Place of recording Gad dmar khug market Mda' ma Township, Sde dge...

  6. ORISE: Capacity Building

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Capacity Building Because public health agencies must maintain the resources to respond to public health challenges, critical situations and emergencies, the Oak Ridge Institute...

  7. What is Building America?

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    DOE's Building America program is helping to bridge the gap between homes with high energy costs and homes that are healthy, durable, and energy efficient.

  8. Building Science- Ventilation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation was given at the Summer 2012 DOE Building America meeting on July 25, 2012, and addressed the question Ť"What are the best ventilation techniques"

  9. High Performance Sustainable Buildings

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to achieve Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design gold certification from the U.S. Green Building Council. The Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies brings together...

  10. Forest Road Building Regulations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources has regulations for building a forest road, if development requires one. Regulations include zoning ordinances and permits for stream crossing, grading...

  11. building.ppt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Building Parenting Skills and Interactions with Kangaroo Care. Sharon A. Wilkerson, PhD, RN. Associate Professor of Nursing. Purdue University. West Lafayette ...

  12. Whole Building Energy Simulation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Whole building energy simulation, also referred to as energy modeling, can and should be incorporated early during project planning to provide energy impact feedback for which design considerations...

  13. Building bridges for fish

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Building-bridges-for-fish Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives...

  14. Chapter 3: Building Siting

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and up, especially at doors and loading docks, requires loading docks on the south side of buildings. significant effort and energy for snow removal. Desirable locations of...

  15. Proceedings of the 1992 DOE-industry thermal distribution conference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrews, J.W. [ed.

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The subject of the conference was thermal distribution in small buildings. Thermal distribution systems are the ductwork, piping, or other means used to transport heat or cooling effect from the equipment in which the heat or cooling is produced to the building spaces in which it is used. The small buildings category is defined to include single-family residential and multifamily and commercial buildings with less than 10,000 ft{sup 2} floor area. The 1992 DOE-Industry Thermal Distribution Conference was conceived as the beginning of a process of information transfer between the DOE and the industries having a stake in thermal distribution systems, whereby the DOE can make the industry aware of its thinking and planned directions early enough for changes to be made, and whereby the industries represented can provide this input to the DOE on a timely and informed basis. In accordance with this, the objectives of the Conference were: To present--to a representative group of researchers and industry representative--the current industry thinking and DOE`s current directions for research in small-building thermal distribution. To obtain from industry and the research community a critique of the DOE priorities and additional ideas concerning how DOE can best assist the industry in promoting energy conservation in thermal distribution systems.

  16. Proceedings of the 1992 DOE-industry thermal distribution conference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrews, J.W. (ed.)

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The subject of the conference was thermal distribution in small buildings. Thermal distribution systems are the ductwork, piping, or other means used to transport heat or cooling effect from the equipment in which the heat or cooling is produced to the building spaces in which it is used. The small buildings category is defined to include single-family residential and multifamily and commercial buildings with less than 10,000 ft{sup 2} floor area. The 1992 DOE-Industry Thermal Distribution Conference was conceived as the beginning of a process of information transfer between the DOE and the industries having a stake in thermal distribution systems, whereby the DOE can make the industry aware of its thinking and planned directions early enough for changes to be made, and whereby the industries represented can provide this input to the DOE on a timely and informed basis. In accordance with this, the objectives of the Conference were: To present--to a representative group of researchers and industry representative--the current industry thinking and DOE's current directions for research in small-building thermal distribution. To obtain from industry and the research community a critique of the DOE priorities and additional ideas concerning how DOE can best assist the industry in promoting energy conservation in thermal distribution systems.

  17. Final Scientific Technical Report: INTEGRATED PREDICTIVE DEMAND RESPONSE CONTROLLER FOR COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wenzel, Mike

    2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This project provides algorithms to perform demand response using the thermal mass of a building. Using the thermal mass of the building is an attractive method for performing demand response because there is no need for capital expenditure. The algorithms rely on the thermal capacitance inherent in the building?s construction materials. A near-optimal ?day ahead? predictive approach is developed that is meant to keep the building?s electrical demand constant during the high cost periods. This type of approach is appropriate for both time-of-use and critical peak pricing utility rate structures. The approach uses the past days data in order to determine the best temperature setpoints for the building during the high price periods on the next day. A second ?model predictive approach? (MPC) uses a thermal model of the building to determine the best temperature for the next sample period. The approach uses constant feedback from the building and is capable of appropriately handling real time pricing. Both approaches are capable of using weather forecasts to improve performance.

  18. Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: Building Loads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-6034E Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: Building Loads Dandan Zhu1 , Tianzhen Energy, the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center for Building Energy Efficiency, of the U;Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: Building Loads A joint effort between Lawrence Berkeley

  19. New! Building Energy Standards Essentials for Plans Examiners & Building Inspectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New! Building Energy Standards Essentials for Plans Examiners & Building Inspectors Building energy codes are complex. Plans examiners and building inspectors are expected to understand and enforce energy savings. This new, hands-on course strives to provide plans examiners and building inspectors

  20. Building and Facility Codes Code Building Location Bldg # Coordinates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    Building and Facility Codes Code Building Location Bldg # Coordinates APM Applied Physics & Mathematics Building Muir 249 F7 ASANT Asante Hall Eleanor Roosevelt 446 F5 BIO Biology Building Muir 259 F7 BIRCH Birch Aquarium SIO 2300 S-D7 BONN Bonner Hall Revelle 131 G8 BSB Biomedical Sciences Building

  1. Engineering Building a better

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    and modern buildings laid out around an oasis of green space. Much like the multicultural population restoration, waste reduction, climate change impact mitigation and air pollution abatement. + 5 COURSESCivil Engineering future Building a better #12;McGill University Montreal, with a population

  2. BUILDING ENERGY 1987 Edition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    changes in lighting control and HVAC requirements. The lighting control requirements in Section 2-5319(a, are required for all alterations. The HVAC requirements of new buildings are requ ired for some HVAC alterat for a wide variety of building shapes. "SECOND GENERATioN" ALTERNATIVE HVAC COMPLIANCE CODIFIED 4

  3. Building Technologies Research and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Impact of Buildings Centers of Excellence · 40% of total primary energy consumption · 74% of electricity consumption · 56% of natural gas consumption (including gas-generated electricity used in buildings) · 39 the nation accounts for its energy consumption, making the energy savings potential even greater. National

  4. High Performance Sustainable Building

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The guide supports DOE O 413.3A and provides useful information on the incorporation of high performance sustainable building principles into building-related General Plant Projects and Institutional General Plant Projects at DOE sites. Canceled by DOE G 413.3-6A. Does not cancel other directives.

  5. 200 Market Building

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Portland, OR The 200 Market Building is a high-rise built in 1973 and located in downtown Portland, Oregon. It was purchased in 1988 by its current owner, 200 Market Associates, primarily because of its optimal location in Portland's central business district. Since 1989 the building has undergone continuous improvements in multiple phases.

  6. PHOTOVOLTAICS AND COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS--

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez, Richard R.

    management of electricity demand. · PV applications are now being integrated directly into building roofs, Valuation of Demand-Side Commercial PV Systems in the United States, we sought to measure the costPHOTOVOLTAICS AND COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS-- A NATURAL MATCH A study highlighting strategic

  7. Identification of building applications for a variable-conductance insulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potter, T.F. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Tuluca, A. [Winter (Steven) Associates, Inc., New York, NY (United States)

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent experiments have confirmed the feasibility of controllable, reversible disabling of a vacuum insulation panel, which may result in the development of energy-efficient building envelope components. These components could extend the managed energy exchange through the building envelope from about 30% (typical with fenestration systems in commercial buildings), to as much as 90% of the gross wall and roof areas. Further investigation will be required to optimized the thermal response and the magnitude of the R-value swing (from a difference between insulating and conducting insulating values of 4 to as high as a factor of 100). The potential for energy reduction by using the variable-conductance insulation in the building envelope is discussed, and other potential building applications are mentioned.

  8. Auxiliary Cooling Loads in Passively Cooled Buildings: An Experimental Research Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fairey, P.; Vieira, R.; Chandra, S.; Kerestecioglu, A.; Kalaghchy, S.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solar Energy Center (FSEC) is examining the auxiliary cooling requirements of residences in warm, humid climates. The study addresses both the thermal and moisture response of buildings. A total of eight wall systems, three frame wall types and five...

  9. Lessons Learned from Continuous Commissioning® of a LEED Gold Building in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bynum, J.; Claridge, D. E.

    2008-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    conservation and energy related design features and construction practices. The energy related design features of the building include a roof mounted photovoltaic system, a green roof design, and connection to a district cooling system which utilizes thermal...

  10. Wireless Sensor Technology to Optimize the Occupant's Dynamic Demand Pattern Within the Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiler, W.; Boxem, G.; Maaijen, R.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on Environmental Ergonomics, Boston Zhang H., Arens E., Huizinga C., Han T., 2010, Thermal sensations and comfort models for non-uniform and transient environments, Building and Environment 45(2): 380-410 ...

  11. Improvements to building energy usage modeling during early design stages and retrofits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandelbaum, Andrew (Andrew Joseph)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A variety of improvements to the MIT Design Advisor, a whole-building energy usage modeling tool intended for use during early design stages, are investigated. These include changes to the thermal mass temperature distribution ...

  12. Lessons Learned from Continuous Commissioning® of a LEED Gold Building in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bynum, J.; Claridge, D. E.

    2008-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    conservation and energy related design features and construction practices. The energy related design features of the building include a roof mounted photovoltaic system, a green roof design, and connection to a district cooling system which utilizes thermal...

  13. Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small Hotel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

  14. Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included.

  15. BUILDING PERFORMANCE ENGINEERING DURING CONSTRUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toole, T. Michael

    1 BUILDING PERFORMANCE ENGINEERING DURING CONSTRUCTION T. Michael Toole1 and Matthew Hallowell2 of building performance engineering tasks on design-bid-build projects are typically provided by entities building construction projects. Twenty four building performance engineering tasks were required

  16. About Singapore Green Building Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    About Singapore Green Building Council About SGBC Green Building Conference Conference Programme Green Building Conference In line with the mission of the Singapore Green Building Council (SGBC is please to present the inaugural SGBC Green Building Conference 2010 to be held from 13 ­ 16 September

  17. City of Scottsdale- Green Building Policy for Public Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2005, Scottsdale approved a green building policy for new city buildings and remodels. The resolution requires all new, occupied city buildings of any size to be designed, contracted and built...

  18. Building As Power Plant - BAPP/Invention Works Project at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh PA, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartkopf, V.; Archer, D.; Loftness, V.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    turbine and absorption chiller/boiler technologies. In addition, advanced photovoltaic, solar thermal, and geo-thermal systems are being considered for integration. A conceptual scheme for an ?ascending-descending energy scheme? that integrates energy... ?cascading? energy strategy designed to make maximum use of limited natural resources. In a cascading system, a fuel cell and photovoltaic panels might be bundled for the building?s power generation; reject heat from the fuel cell can be converted...

  19. Presentation: Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Presentation: Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center Presentation: Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center Presentation: Better Buildings Residential...

  20. Building Technologies Program | Clean Energy | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Building Technologies Program SHARE Building Technologies Program The Building Technologies Program Office administratively facilitates the integration of ORNL research across...

  1. Information Technology Tools for Multifamily Building Programs...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Information Technology Tools for Multifamily Building Programs Information Technology Tools for Multifamily Building Programs Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Multifamily ...

  2. Building America Webinar: Retrofit Ventilation Strategies in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Strategies in Multifamily Buildings Webinar Building America Webinar: Retrofit Ventilation Strategies in Multifamily Buildings Webinar This webinar, presented by...

  3. Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center Demonstration...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center Demonstration Better Buildings Residential Program Solution Center Demonstration Better Buildings Residential Program Solution...

  4. Membership Criteria: Better Buildings Residential Network | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Membership Criteria: Better Buildings Residential Network Membership Criteria: Better Buildings Residential Network Membership Criteria: Better Buildings Residential Network...

  5. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Grant Recipient Management...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Grant Recipient Management Handbook Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Grant Recipient Management Handbook Better Buildings Neighborhood...

  6. Thermal conductivity of thermal-battery insulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guidotti, R.A.; Moss, M.

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thermal conductivities of a variety of insulating materials used in thermal batteries were measured in atmospheres of argon and helium using several techniques. (Helium was used to simulate the hydrogen atmosphere that results when a Li(Si)/FeS{sub 2} thermal battery ages.) The guarded-hot-plate method was used with the Min-K insulation because of its extremely low thermal conductivity. For comparison purposes, the thermal conductivity of the Min-K insulating board was also measured using the hot-probe method. The thermal-comparator method was used for the rigid Fiberfrax board and Fiberfrax paper. The thermal conductivity of the paper was measured under several levels of compression to simulate the conditions of the insulating wrap used on the stack in a thermal battery. The results of preliminary thermal-characterization tests with several silica aerogel materials are also presented.

  7. Building America Solution Center - Building America Top Innovation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    America Top Innovation SCimagemale.jpg The Building America Solution Center is a Web-based tool connecting users to fast, free, and expert building science and energy...

  8. Better Buildings Neighborhood Initiative Upgrades 100,000 Buildings...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Building on President Obama's Climate Action Plan and the Administration's Better Buildings Initiative, the Energy Department announced today that the Department's Better...

  9. A Look at Principal Building Activities in Commercial Buildings

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Buildings Home> Special Topics > 1995 Principal Building Activities Office Education Health Care Retail and Service Food Service Food Sales Lodging Religious Worship Public...

  10. Webinar: Make Your Building Sing!: Building-Retuning to Reduce...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (PNNL) developed a curricula focused on retuning both large (with a building automation system, or BAS) and small (without a BAS) commercial buildings. Hear from Better...

  11. Building America Webinar: Building America Technology-to-Market...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    introduced the integrated Building America Technology-to-Market Roadmaps that will serve as a guide for Building America's research, development, and demonstration activities over...

  12. PROGRESS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wall, L.W.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seven recent energy-efficient U.S. office buildings areSeven recent energy-efficient U.S. office buildings are18, 1983. PROGRESS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS Leonard W.

  13. PROGRESS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wall, L.W.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the case for building energy-efficiency labels. 3.1 Trendsenergy efficiency. Building energy efficiency labels are anThe use of building energy efficiency labels may be the

  14. GREEN BUILDINGS IN CHALLENGES AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    GREEN BUILDINGS IN DELAWARE: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FINAL REPORT A Renewable Energy-8405 Telefax: (302) 831-3098 Website: http://ceep.udel.edu #12;GREEN BUILDINGS IN DELAWARE: CHALLENGES .......................................................................................................2 2.1. Green Buildings

  15. Building Energy Monitoring and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Breakdown of Total  Electricty Consumption ? Building A kWh/Breakdown of Total  Electricty Consumption ? Building B kWh/Breakdown of Total   Electricty Consumption ? Building C 

  16. Building Energy Monitoring and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Tianzhen

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a future with very low energy buildings resulting in very making  for  low  energy  buildings.   This  project  will and operation of low energy buildings.  Several studies, 

  17. Green Energy Standards for Public Buildings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In March 2012, West Virginia enacted the Green Buildings Act, which applies to all new construction of public buildings, buildings receiving state grant funds, and buildings receiving state...

  18. Building America Webinar: National Residential Efficiency Measures...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Database Webinar Slides Building America Webinar: Saving Energy in Multifamily Buildings Building America Webinar: Retrofit Ventilation Strategies in Multifamily Buildings Webinar...

  19. Building-integrated photovoltaics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a study of the issues and opportunities for building-integrated PV products, seen primarily from the perspective of the design community. Although some quantitative analysis is included, and limited interviews are used, the essence of the study is qualitative and subjective. It is intended as an aid to policy makers and members of the technical community in planning and setting priorities for further study and product development. It is important to remember that the success of a product in the building market is not only dependent upon its economic value; the diverse group of building owners, managers, regulators, designers, tenants and users must also find it practical, aesthetically appealing and safe. The report is divided into 11 sections. A discussion of technical and planning considerations is followed by illustrative diagrams of different wall and roof assemblies representing a range of possible PV-integration schemes. Following the diagrams, several of these assemblies are then applied to a conceptual test building which is analyzed for PV performance. Finally, a discussion of mechanical/electrical building products incorporating PVs is followed by a brief surveys of cost issues, market potential and code implications. The scope of this report is such that most of the discussion does not go beyond stating the questions. A more detailed analysis will be necessary to establish the true costs and benefits PVs may provide to buildings, taking into account PV power revenue, construction costs, and hidden costs and benefits to building utility and marketability.

  20. High Temperature Thermal Array for Next Generation Solar Thermal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    High Temperature Thermal Array for Next Generation Solar Thermal Power Production High Temperature Thermal Array for Next Generation Solar Thermal Power Production This...

  1. BETTER BUILDINGS ALLIANCE

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Commercial buildings—our offices, schools, hospitals, restaurants, hotels and stores—consume nearly 20% of all energy used in the United States. We spend more than $200 billion each year to power our country's commercial buildings. Unfortunately, much of this energy and money is wasted; a typical commercial building could save 20% on its energy bills simply by commissioning existing systems so they operate as intended. Energy efficiency is a cost-effective way to save money, support job growth, reduce pollution, and improve competitiveness.

  2. INL Green Building Strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jennifer Dalton

    2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Green buildings, also known as sustainable buildings, resource efficient buildings, and high performance buildings, are structures that minimize the impact on the environment by using less energy and water, reducing solid waste and pollutants, and limiting the depletion of natural resources. As Idaho National Laboratory (INL) becomes the nation’s premier nuclear energy research laboratory, the physical infrastructure will be established to help accomplish the mission. This infrastructure, particularly the buildings, should incorporate green design features in order to be environmentally responsible and reflect an image of progressiveness and innovation to the public and prospective employees. With this in mind, the recommendations described in this strategy are intended to form the INL foundation for green building standards. The recommendations in this strategy are broken down into three levels: Baseline Minimum, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)Certification, and Innovative. Baseline Minimum features should be included in all new occupied buildings no matter what the purpose or size. These features do not require significant research, design, or capital costs and yet they can reduce Operation and Maintenance (O&M) costs and produce more environmentally friendly buildings. LEED Certification features are more aggressive than the Baseline Minimums in that they require documentation, studies, and/or additional funding. Combined with the Baseline Minimums, many of the features in this level will need to be implemented to achieve the goal of LEED certification. LEED Silver certification should be the minimum goal for all new buildings (including office buildings, laboratories, cafeterias, and visitor centers) greater than 25,000 square feet or a total cost of $10 million. Innovative features can also contribute to LEED certification, but are less mainstream than those listed in the previous two levels. These features are identified as areas where INL can demonstrate leadership but they could require significant upfront cost, additional studies, and/or development. Appendix A includes a checklist summary of the INL Green Building Strategy that can be used as a tool during the design process when considering which green building features to include. It provides a quick reference for determining which strategies have lower or no increased capital cost, yield lower O&M costs, increase employee productivity, and contribute to LEED certification.

  3. Audit Procedures for Improving Residential Building Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Efficiency April 2013 HAWAI`I NATURAL ENERGY INSTITUTE School of Ocean & Earth Science & TechnologyAudit Procedures for Improving Residential Building Energy Efficiency This report analyses in thermal envelopes. The report was submitted by HNEI to the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity

  4. DIAGNOSIS OF INSULATED BUILDING WALLS USING PASSIVE INFRARED THERMOGRAPHY AND NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    DIAGNOSIS OF INSULATED BUILDING WALLS USING PASSIVE INFRARED THERMOGRAPHY AND NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS This work presents the thermal monitoring of a multi-layered wall of a restored building (PANISSE platform parameters. Then they are compared with thermocouple measurements and numerical simulations. KEYWORDS

  5. THE PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN PROCESS FOR A SMALL OFFICE/LABORATORY BUILDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersson, Brandt

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN PROCESS FOR A SMALL OFFICE/LABORATORY BUILDINGpassive solar buildings will be built in the corning years. Thei r designdesign; and (3) development of building energy analysis programs which can evalu- ate the thermal and daylighting performance of passive solar

  6. Performance of a solar-heated assembly building at Sandia National Laboratories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haskins, D.E.

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The passive solar-heating system of the assembly building at Sandia National Laboratories' Photovoltaic Advanced Systems Test Facility is described and the thermal analysis of the building is given. Performance predictions are also given, and actual performance for December 1979 and January 1980 are shown.

  7. Buildings to Grid Integration & Interoperability

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Buildings to Grid Integration & Interoperability Joe Hagerman, Senior Advisor DOE Building Technologies Office March 11, 2013 EERE: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy...

  8. Solar Ready Buildings Planning Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lisell, L.; Tetreault, T.; Watson, A.

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide offers a checklist for building design and construction to enable installation of solar photovoltaic and heating systems at some time after the building is constructed.

  9. The Economics of Green Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eichholtz, Piet; Kok, Nils; Quigley, John M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Even among green buildings, increased energy efficiency isof total returns to energy efficient and green constructionof Energy and Indoor Environment Quality in Green Buildings:

  10. Frederick County- Green Building Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Frederick County administers a green building program. It has two goals: (1) to ensure that County building projects implement strategies that enhance environmental performance and fiscal...

  11. Building Random Trees from Blocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 18, 2012 ... We have a finite collection of unlabeled, rooted, nonplanar building ... We use these as building blocks of an unlabeled, rooted, nonplanar tree.

  12. Chapter 8: Constructing the Building

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    stormwater management functions. Professional development - Given the increas- ing demand for green buildings, knowledge of the skills needed to deliver these buildings will...

  13. Integrated Hygrothermal Performance of Building Envelopes and Systems in Hot and Humid Climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karagiozis, A. N.; Desjarlais, A.; Salonvaara, M.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology Center VTT Building Technology, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Espoo, Finland Building Technology Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, US Oak Ridge, Tennessee, US ABSTRACT In hot and humid climates the interior... the long-term hygrothermal performance of the building to various vapor control and thermal insulation strategies while subjecting the exterior boundary to real weather data (including temperature, vapor pressure, wind speed and orientation, solar...

  14. Building design guidelines for solar energy technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Givoni, B.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There are two main objectives to this publication. The first is to find out the communalities in the experience gained in previous studies and in actual applications of solar technologies in buildings, residential as well as nonresidential. The second objective is to review innovative concepts and products which may have an impact on future developments and applications of solar technologies in buildings. The available information and common lessons were collated and presented in a form which, hopefully, is useful for architects and solar engineers, as well as for teachers of solar architecture'' and students in Architectural Schools. The publication is based mainly on the collection and analysis of relevant information. The information included previous studies in which the performance of solar buildings was evaluated, as well as the personal experience of the Author and the research consultants. The state of the art, as indicated by these studies and personal experience, was summarized and has served as basis for the development of the Design Guidelines. In addition to the summary of the state of the art, as was already applied in solar buildings, an account was given of innovative concepts and products. Such innovations have occurred in the areas of thermal storage by Phase Change Materials (PCM) and in glazing with specialized or changeable properties. Interesting concepts were also developed for light transfer, which may enable to transfer sunlight to the core areas of large multi story nonresidential buildings. These innovations may have a significant impact on future developments of solar technologies and their applications in buildings. 15 refs., 19 figs., 3 tabs.

  15. Personalized building comfort control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feldmeier, Mark Christopher, 1974-

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Creating an appropriate indoor climate is essential to worker productivity and personal happiness. It is also an area of large expenditure for building owners. And, with rising fuel costs, finding ways of reducing energy ...

  16. Building Energy Efficient Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClure, J. D.; Estes, J. M.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many new school buildings consume only half the energy required by similar efficient structures designed without energy performance as a design criterion. These are comfortable and efficient while construction costs remain about the same as those...

  17. BUILDING A STRONG FOUNDATION.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linsley, Braddock K.

    BUILDING A STRONG FOUNDATION. UALBANY FACTS. Enrollment: 12,822 undergraduates 4,516 graduate ('14-'15): NYS Resident Tuition: $6,170 Non-NYS Resident Tuition: $17,810 Room, Board, and Fees: $15

  18. Building America Report Template

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    January 27 and 28, 2014 Denver, Colorado Prepared for The U.S. Department of Energy's Building America Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Prepared by Sam...

  19. Visualizing a Living Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padget, Steve

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper will chronicle the design process of the Odum School of Ecology at the University of Georgia and its objective to accomplish Living BuildingTM certification. In order to accomplish this, the architect (BNIM) and project partners applied...

  20. Building Energy Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 2015 Vermont Commercial Building Energy Standards (CBES) took effect on March 1, 2015. The code is based on the 2015 IECC, with amendments to incorporate ASHRAE 90.1-2013. The new guidelines ...

  1. High Performance Sustainable Building

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This Guide provides approaches for implementing the High Performance Sustainable Building (HPSB) requirements of DOE Order 413.3B, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets. Cancels DOE G 413.3-6.

  2. Guam- Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NOTE: In September 2012, The Guam Building Code Council adopted the draft [http://www.guamenergy.com/outreach-education/guam-tropical-energy-code/ Guam Tropical Energy Code]. It must be adopted by...

  3. Relationships in design build

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wampler, Charles Wilson

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As design build (DB) becomes more popular, different ways of writing contracts and forming relationships with the various parties are being considered. The main point of this paper is to look at the relationships between ...

  4. Building Technologies Office

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    energy-efficient solutions Lower building energy use by 50% Double U.S. energy productivity Aiming High for 2030 Annual energy use by 20 quads 1 billion metric tons CO 2 200...

  5. Building Energy Code

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    All new residential, commercial, and community-owned buildings constructed on or after January 1, 1992 that recieve financing from the Alaska Housing Finance Corporation (AHFC) must comply with...

  6. Safety in Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, N. B.

    Building codes are essentially sets of safety regulations in respect of structure, fire, and health. They were originally developed in response to frequently demonstrated hazards of structural collapse, catastrophic fires, ...

  7. Systems building in architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzannetakis, Charilaos Panayotis

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work is an inquiry into the interventions of the systems design in the whole building process. At the beginning, three approaches which represent different points of view of interventions in production and use are ...

  8. Wind Tunnel Building - 1 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a simple graphic tool that enables a building designer to evaluate the potential for wind induced ventilation cooling in several climate zones. Long term weather data were analyzed to determine the conditions for which available...

  9. Passive solar buildings research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter covers research advances in passive solar buildings research during the time span from 1982 through 1991. These advances fall within the following categories: (1) short-term energy monitoring, (2) heat transport by natural convection within buildings, and (3) design guidelines and design tools. In short-term energy monitoring, a simulation model of the building is calibrated, based on data taken in a 3-day test. The method accurately predicts performance over an extended period. Heat transport through doorways is characterized for complex situations that arise in passive solar buildings. Simple concepts and models adequately describe the energy transport in many situations of interest. In a new approach, design guidelines are automatically generated for any specific locality. Worksheets or an accompanying computer program allow the designer to quickly and accurately evaluate performance and investigate design alternatives. 29 refs., 19 figs., 2 tabs.

  10. Seasonal thermal energy storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, R.D.; Kannberg, L.D.; Raymond, J.R.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the following: (1) the US Department of Energy Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program, (2) aquifer thermal energy storage technology, (3) alternative STES technology, (4) foreign studies in seasonal thermal energy storage, and (5) economic assessment.

  11. Thermal Energy Storage for Cooling of Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research Institute Report, EPRI EM-4643, June 1986. (23)Research Institute Report, EPRI EM-4643, June 1986. (24)Research Institute Report, EPRI EM-4125, July 1985. (26)

  12. Transient Analysis for Thermal and Moisture Behavior of Building Elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, X.; Chen, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (,0)mx m= (10) 3.SOLVING METHOD Applying the Laplace transformation to Eqs.(3), (4), (5), (6), (7) and (8) with respect to t , they become 2 00 dTLSTTSm dx ??=?? + m (11) 2 00 dmDSmmST dx T? ?=?? + (12) 11 11 1 11 (,) [(,) ] (1... diffusivity approaches unity. So far, there have been many studies[3,8]concerned with the interactive effect between temperature and moisture, experimentally or analytically. However, for the convenience of analysis, most of the analytical investigations...

  13. Performance of thermal distribution systems in large commercial buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, T.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to overcome the loss of cooling supply. Therefore, bybe a total of about 32% cooling lost from supply duct due tofor heating or cooling delivered at the supply terminal unit

  14. Energy conservation and thermal comfort in buildings in northern Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Gregory Patrick

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hunza Valley, a remote area of mountainous northern Pakistan, is undergoing rapid change culturally, socially, and architecturally. Many of these changes are linked to the exchange of information and commerce facilitated ...

  15. Thermal Energy Storage for Cooling of Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    trates a design load profile for a partial storage system.load management / full storage / ice storage / partialfor partial storage) because part of the cooling load is

  16. Thermal Energy Storage for Cooling of Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akbari, H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric HQ Martin Murletta Gould EleCtronics "PEPCO ServiceCntr *PEPCO Service Cntr St. Ambrose Church MA State

  17. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.5 Thermal Distribution Systems

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share22 Water Heater5

  18. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.5 Thermal Distribution Systems

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share22 Water Heater52 U.S.

  19. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.5 Thermal Distribution Systems

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share22 Water Heater52

  20. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.5 Thermal Distribution Systems

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share22 Water Heater524

  1. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.5 Thermal Distribution Systems

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share22 Water Heater5245

  2. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.5 Thermal Distribution Systems

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share22 Water Heater52456

  3. Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.5 Thermal Distribution Systems

    Buildings Energy Data Book [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeIdle Reduction WeightRebate -5 20054 Share22 Water Heater524567

  4. High Performance Buildings Database

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The High Performance Buildings Database is a shared resource for the building industry, a unique central repository of in-depth information and data on high-performance, green building projects across the United States and abroad. The database includes information on the energy use, environmental performance, design process, finances, and other aspects of each project. Members of the design and construction teams are listed, as are sources for additional information. In total, up to twelve screens of detailed information are provided for each project profile. Projects range in size from small single-family homes or tenant fit-outs within buildings to large commercial and institutional buildings and even entire campuses. The database is a data repository as well. A series of Web-based data-entry templates allows anyone to enter information about a building project into the database. Once a project has been submitted, each of the partner organizations can review the entry and choose whether or not to publish that particular project on its own Web site.

  5. The Ruskin Building 4.1 Building Condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, E. Victor

    39 The Ruskin Building 04 #12;40 4.1 Building Condition TEACHING ROOMS STUDENT ANCILLARY ADMIN First Floor Plan Second Floor Plan Third Floor Plan 4.1 Building Condition This Section provides an overview of the condition of the existing buildings. Below is a series of plans identifying the present

  6. F. MISSION CENTER BUILDING F. MISSION CENTER BUILDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullins, Dyche

    F. MISSION CENTER BUILDING 153 F. MISSION CENTER BUILDING BACKGROUND The 3.06 acre Mission Center Building site is located in the northeast portion of San Francisco's Mission District on the southern half of the block bounded by 14th, Harrison, 15th and Folsom Streets. The site contains a six-story brick building

  7. 3-100.1 Building Evacuation 1 Building Evacuation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glebov, Leon

    3-100.1 Building Evacuation 1 SUBJECT: Building Evacuation Effective Date: 10-20-10 Policy Number and Safety APPLICABILITY/ACCOUNTABILITY: This policy applies to all individuals in all buildings on all University of Central Florida campuses. BACKGROUND INFORMATION: University buildings occasionally need

  8. 1 | Building America eere.energy.gov DOE's Building America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 | Building America eere.energy.gov DOE's Building America Low-E Storm Window Adoption Program Working Group #12;2 | Building America eere.energy.gov Pacific Northwest National Laboratory · Katie Cort, Larson Manufacturing Company Key Staff #12;3 | Building America eere.energy.gov Problem · Windows account

  9. Building Knowledge about Buildings Matthew T. Young and Eyal Amir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Eyal

    Building Knowledge about Buildings Matthew T. Young and Eyal Amir University of Illinois, Urbana The ability to encode information about the structure of buildings is essential for the development of applications which are able to reason about buildings and answer queries concerning their design and function

  10. Building anBuilding an Entrepreneurship ProgramEntrepreneurship Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    Building anBuilding an Entrepreneurship ProgramEntrepreneurship Program At Your UniversityAt Your University Tina L. Seelig REE Latin America November 24 - 26, 2004 #12;Question of the Day: How do you build innovation Build networks within our own universities Create relationships with industry Develop

  11. Photovoltaic-Thermal New Technology Demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dean, Jesse [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); McNutt, Peter [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Lisell, Lars [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Burch, Jay [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Jones, Dennis [Group14 Engineering, Inc., Denver, CO (United States); Heinicke, David [Group14 Engineering, Inc., Denver, CO (United States)

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Photovoltaic-thermal (PV-T) hybrid solar systems offer increased electricity production by cooling the PV panel, and using the removed thermal energy to heat water - all in the same footprint as a standard PV system. GPG's assessment of the nation's first large-scale PV-T system installed at the Thomas P. O'Neill, Jr. Federal Building in Boston, MA, provided numerous lessons learned in system design, and identified a target market of locations with high utility costs and electric hot water backup.

  12. Thermal Control & System Integration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The thermal control and system integration activity focuses on issues such as the integration of motor and power control technologies and the development of advanced thermal control technologies....

  13. Solar Thermal Powered Evaporators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moe, Christian Robert

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and C. Y. Zhao, "A review of solar collectors and thermalenergy storage in solar thermal applications," Appliedon photovoltaic/thermal hybrid solar technology," Applied

  14. BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PL LDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PL LDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A R RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDIN T PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN BUILDING A RISK MANAGEM

  15. Blanc, I., Peuportier, B., "Eco-design of buildings and comparison of materials", In Proceedings of the 1 international seminar on Society & materials, SAM1, [CD ROM], 6-7 mars 2007, Sville, Spain, European

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of the buildings including the dominant use phase. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) applied to buildings is enlarging assessment for the building materials not only at the process stage but over the whole life cycle simulation tool with a building thermal simulation. The life cycle inventory database Ecoin- vent is used

  16. Solar Thermal Demonstration Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biesinger, K.; Cuppett, D.; Dyer, D.

    2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    HVAC Retrofit and Energy Efficiency Upgrades at Clark High School, Las Vegas, Nevada The overall objectives of this project are to increase usage of alternative/renewable fuels, create a better and more reliable learning environment for the students, and reduce energy costs. Utilizing the grant resources and local bond revenues, the District proposes to reduce electricity consumption by installing within the existing limited space, one principal energy efficient 100 ton adsorption chiller working in concert with two 500 ton electric chillers. The main heating source will be primarily from low nitrogen oxide (NOX), high efficiency natural gas fired boilers. With the use of this type of chiller, the electric power and cost requirements will be greatly reduced. To provide cooling to the information technology centers and equipment rooms of the school during off-peak hours, the District will install water source heat pumps. In another measure to reduce the cooling requirements at Clark High School, the District will replace single pane glass and metal panels with â??Kalwallâ?? building panels. An added feature of the â??Kalwallâ?ť system is that it will allow for natural day lighting in the student center. This system will significantly reduce thermal heat/cooling loss and control solar heat gain, thus delivering significant savings in heating ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) costs.

  17. Cost Analysis of Simple Phase Change Material-Enhanced Building Envelopes in Southern U.S. Climates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kosny, J.; Shukla, N.; Fallahi, A.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional thermal designs of building envelope assemblies are based on static energy flows, yet building envelopes are subject to varying environmental conditions. This mismatch between the steady-state principles and their dynamic operation can decrease thermal efficiency. Design work supporting the development of low-energy houses showed that conventional insulations may not always be the most cost effective solution to improvement envelope thermal performance. PCM-enhanced building envelopes that simultaneously reduce the total cooling loads and shift the peak-hour loads are the focus of this report.

  18. CALIFORNIA ENERGY Large HVAC Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Large HVAC Building Survey Information Database of Buildings over 100 Energy Systems: Productivity and Building Science Program. This program was funded by the California of Portland Energy Conservation, Inc. Project Management: Cathy Higgins, Program Director for New Buildings

  19. To Collaborative LIfe Sciences Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    To Collaborative LIfe Sciences Building To Professional Development Center Collaborative Life Sciences Building SW MEADE SW PORTER SW M OODY I-5 To Main Campus To South Waterfront I-405 Collaborative Life Sciences Building 0650 SW Meade St. Academic & Student Recreation Center (ASRC) C8 Art Building

  20. Manning building RoyalParade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

    Manning building (403) MileLane RoyalParade RoyalParade Tram stop No.16Walker Street Scott building (402) Sissons building (401) 399 Royal Parade (404) 381 Royal Parade Cafeteria Cossar Hall Main of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Building 401 G Reception G Student services G Cossar Hall G Sissons

  1. Building Address Locations -Assumes entire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guenther, Frank

    Building Address Locations - Assumes entire building unless noted Designation Submit through* 560, 4 BU Crosstown Center 801 Massachusetts Ave Floor 1, 2 BMC BCD Building 800 Harrison Avenue BCD BMC Biosquare III 670 Albany Floors 2, 3, 6, 7 BMC Biosquare III 670 Albany Floors 1, 4, 5, 8 BU Building

  2. Building Name Room Support By

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    Building Name Room Technology Classroom? Technology Support By: Phone Number: Contact Name: Agricultural Sciences Building G29 Standard iDC 304-293-2832 n/a Agricultural Sciences Building G31 Standard iDC 304-293-2832 n/a Agricultural Sciences Building G101 Standard iDC 304-293-2832 n/a Agricultural

  3. International Trends in Green Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    International Trends in Green Building Friday, August 26, 2011 Registration 8:00 a.m. Presentation, Canada Green Building Council The presentation will cover international trends and innovations in the green-building industry as well as new opportunities for green-building collaboration with Arizona

  4. Building America Building Science Education Roadmap

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy Future of CSP:Brookhaven Teaching FellowsBuilderHVACR BUILDING

  5. Building Technologies Program: Building America Publications

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you wantJoin usAcquisitionAlex3EnergyBuilding RemovalProgram HOME

  6. Bradshaw Construction New Office Building

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Eldersburg, MD The New Office Building is part of an effort by Bradshaw Construction Corporation to combine office, off-site shop buildings and off-site storage yards at one consolidated location. The new site, located off Maryland Route 26, shall provide space for an office building and parking; and secured shop building and storage yard. The New Office Building Project has achieved LEED Silver certification. The office building is designed as a free standing building of approximately 8,200 square feet in area, one story in height.

  7. PV/thermal solar power assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ansley, Jeffrey H.; Botkin, Jonathan D.; Dinwoodie, Thomas L.

    2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A flexible solar power assembly (2) includes a flexible photovoltaic device (16) attached to a flexible thermal solar collector (4). The solar power assembly can be rolled up for transport and then unrolled for installation on a surface, such as the roof (20, 25) or side wall of a building or other structure, by use of adhesive and/or other types of fasteners (23).

  8. A Case Study of Retro Commissioning in a Standard Commercial Office Building in Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamitani, K.; Shimazu, M.; Inomata, N.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    /h ? 487 , 500kcal/h? 1,200M J /h 1 , 700 l/min?? 7.5kW?? 108MJ/h 108MJ/h 27MJ/h CHRH (b) External melting type ice thermal storage system ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Building Commissioning for Energy Efficiency and Comfort, Vol.VI-9... at cooperation with the ice thermal storage tank which already exists ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Building Commissioning for Energy Efficiency and Comfort, Vol.VI-9-1 in 1989. Inorder to secure stable thermal storage operationand want to storage many...

  9. Community Development Department Building & Safety Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUILDING, RESIDENTIAL AND GREEN BUILDING CODES, AMENDING FREMONT MUNICIPAL CODE TITLE vn (BUILDING TO ENERGY REGULATIONS THE 2010 CALIFORNIA,GREEN BUILDING CODE The City of Fremont proposed to adopt local................ Community Development Department Building & Safety Division 39550 Liberty Street

  10. Performance Metrics for Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fowler, Kimberly M.; Wang, Na; Romero, Rachel L.; Deru, Michael P.

    2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercial building owners and operators have requested a standard set of key performance metrics to provide a systematic way to evaluate the performance of their buildings. The performance metrics included in this document provide standard metrics for the energy, water, operations and maintenance, indoor environmental quality, purchasing, waste and recycling and transportation impact of their building. The metrics can be used for comparative performance analysis between existing buildings and industry standards to clarify the impact of sustainably designed and operated buildings.

  11. Commercial & Institutional Green Building Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, S.; Mundell,C.; Meline, K.; Kraatz,J.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings Voluntary Green Building Programs: • LEED www.usgbc.org • Living Building Challenge living-future.org/lbc • Green Globes www.greenglobes.com • WELL Buildings wellbuildinginstitute.com • ENERGY STAR energystar.gov ESL-KT-14...The North Central Branch Texas Public Works Association Commercial & Institutional Green Building Performance 11.19.2014 ESL-KT-14-11-26 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Q&A Your Presenters: Chris...

  12. Solar Energy Windows and Smart IR Switchable Building Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarny, James; Kornish, Brian

    2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The three building envelope functions with the largest impact on the energy usage are illumination, energy flux and energy production. In general, these three functions are addressed separately in the building design. A step change toward a zero-energy building can be achieved with a glazing system that combines these three functions and their control into a single unit. In particular, significant value could be realized if illumination into the building is dynamically controlled such that it occurs during periods of low load on the grid (e.g., morning) to augment illumination supplied by interior lights and then to have that same light diverted to PV energy production and the thermal energy rejected during periods of high load on the grid. The objective of this project is to investigate the feasibility of a glazing unit design that integrates these three key functions (illumination and energy flux control, and power production) into a single module.

  13. NATURAL CONVECTION IN PASSIVE SOLAR BUILDINGS: EXPERIMENTS, ANALYSIS AND RESULTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gadgil, A.; Bauman, F.; Kammerud, R.

    1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computer programs have been developed to numerically simulate natural convection in two- and three-dimensional room geometries. The programs have been validated using published data from the literature, results from a full-scale experiment performed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and results from a small-scale experiment performed at LBL. One of the computer programs has been used to study the influence of natural convection on the thermal performance of a single zone in a direct-gain passive solar building. It is found that the convective heat transfer coefficients between the air and the enclosure surfaces can be substantially different from the values assumed in the standard building energy analysis methods, and can exhibit significant variations across a given surface. This study implies that the building heating loads calculated by standard building energy analysis methods may have substantial errors as a result of their use of common assumptions regarding the convection processes which occur in an enclosure.

  14. Development of New Generation of Thermally-Enhanced Fiber Glass Insulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kosny, Jan [ORNL; Yarbrough, David W [ORNL; Childs, Phillip W [ORNL; Miller, William A [ORNL; Atchley, Jerald Allen [ORNL; Shrestha, Som S [ORNL

    2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents experimental and numerical results from thermal performance studies. The purpose of this Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between UT-Battelle, LLC and John s Manville was to design a basic concept of a new generation of thermally-enhanced fiber glass insulation. Different types of Phase Change Materials (PCMs) have been tested as dynamic components in buildings during the last 4 decades. Most historical studies have found that PCMs enhance building energy performance. Some PCM-enhanced building materials, like PCM-gypsum boards or PCM-impregnated concretes have already found their limited applications in different countries. Today, continued improvements in building envelope technologies suggest that throughout Southern and Central U.S. climates, residences may soon be routinely constructed with PCM in order to maximize insulation effectiveness and maintain low heating and cooling loads. The proposed thermally-enhanced fiber glass insulation will maximize this integration by utilizing a highly-efficient building envelope with high-R thermal insulation, active thermal mass and superior air-tightness. Improved thermal resistance will come from modifications in infrared internal characteristics of the fiber glass insulation. Thermal mass effect can be provided by proprietary thermally-active microencapsulated phase change material (PCM). Work carried out at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) on the CRADA is described in this report.

  15. Hotbox Test R-value Database and the Building Envelopes Program (BEP)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Building Envelopes Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is a program within the Buildings Technology Center (BTC), the premier U.S. research facility devoted to developing technologies that improve the energy efficiency and environmental compatibility of residential and commercial buildings. Our program is divided into two parts: building envelope research, which focuses on the structural elements that enclose a building (walls, roofs and foundations), and materials research, which concentrates on the materials within the envelope systems (such as insulation). The building envelope provides the thermal barrier between the indoor and outdoor environment, and its elements are the key determinants of a building's energy requirements that result from the climate where it is located. [copied from http://www.ornl.gov/sci/roofs+walls/

  16. Building ventilation: A pressure airflow model computer generation and elements of validation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, H; Adelard, L; Mara, T A

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The calculation of airflows is of great importance for detailed building thermal simulation computer codes, these airflows most frequently constituting an important thermal coupling between the building and the outside on one hand, and the different thermal zones on the other. The driving effects of air movement, which are the wind and the thermal buoyancy, are briefly outlined and we look closely at their coupling in the case of buildings, by exploring the difficulties associated with large openings. Some numerical problems tied to the resolving of the non-linear system established are also covered. Part of a detailled simulation software (CODYRUN), the numerical implementation of this airflow model is explained, insisting on data organization and processing allowing the calculation of the airflows. Comparisons are then made between the model results and in one hand analytical expressions and in another and experimental measurements in case of a collective dwelling.

  17. Re-Building Greensburg

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Hewitt, Steven; Wallach, Daniel; Peterson, Stephanie;

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Greensburg, KS - A town that was devastated by a tornado in 2007, yet came back to be one of the Nation's most energy-efficient, sustainable communities. Civic leaders and entrepreneurs helped rally residents behind the idea of "greening" Greensburg, inspiring the construction of numerous energy-efficient buildings, some of which generate their own renewable power with solar panels and wind turbines. Many of the town's government buildings use cutting edge energy-saving technologies, saving the local taxpayers' money. Greensburg has demonstrated to the world that any city can reach its energy efficiency and renewable energy goals today using widely available technologies.

  18. Filter Press Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, W. M.

    " exemplifies the ultimate all-electric application. INTRODUCTION The City of Avon Lake launched a program in 1983 to eKpand and modernize its water pollution control facilities. A part of this expansion was construction of a separate building to house a...? was established as a year-round requirement for both management 585 ESL-IE-86-06-94 Proceedings from the Eighth Annual Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, June 17-19, 1986 ~>-:? ~ Filter Press Building Avon Lake Water Pollution Control...

  19. Bagley University Classroom Building

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Duluth, MN, MN LEED PLATINUM CERTIFIED AND PASSIVHAUS ( certification pending) CLASSROOM BUILDING The Nature Preserve where this building is located is a contiguous natural area, 55 acres in size, deeded to the University in the 1950's for educational and recreational use. The site has hiking trails through old growth hard woods frequented by the university students as well as the public. We were charged with designing a facility to serve eight different departments for the nature portions of their teaching and study at a regional University.

  20. Historic Building Renovations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    When a Federal agency undertakes a renovation to an historic building, the renovation team must consider not only the uses and needs of the facility, but also a range of issues related to historic preservation. Integrating renewable energy such as solar and wind into an historic renovation has been accomplished successfully by agencies; the design and placement of any renewable energy system must be closely integrated with the overall design plans. Any renewable energy additions must maintain the integrity and defining characteristics of the building.