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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Evaluation of brine disposal from the Bryan Mound site of the strategic petroleum reserve program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

On March 10, 1980, the Department of Energy's Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program began leaching the Bryan Mound salt dome and discharging the resulting brine into the coastal waters off Freeport, Texas. During the months of March and April, a team of scientists and engineers from Texas A and M University conducted an intensive environmental study of the area surrounding the diffuser site. A pipeline has been laid from the Bryan Mound site to a location 12.5 statute miles (20 km) offshore. The last 3060 ft (933 m) of this pipeline is a 52-port diffuser through which brine can be discharged at a maximum rate of 680,000 barrels per day. Initially, 16 ports were open which permitted a maximum discharge rate of 350,000 barrels per day and a continuous brine discharge was achieved on March 13, 1980. The purpose of this report is to describe the findings of the project team during the intensive postdisposal study period of March and April, 1980. The major areas of investigation are physical oceanography, analysis of the discharge plume, water and sediment quality, nekton, benthos, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and data management.

Case, Robert J.; Chittenden, Jr, Mark E.; Harper, Jr, Donald E.; Kelly, Jr, Francis J.; Loeblich, Laurel A.; McKinney, Larry D.; Minello, Thomas J.; Park, E. Taisoo; Randall, Robert E.; Slowey, J. Frank

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Environmental assessment of the brine pipeline replacement for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Bryan Mound Facility in Brazoria County, Texas  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an environmental assessment (EA), DOE/EA-0804, for the proposed replacement of a deteriorated brine disposal pipeline from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Bryan Mound storage facility in Brazoria County, Texas, into the Gulf of Mexico. In addition, the ocean discharge outfall would be moved shoreward by locating the brine diffuser at the end of the pipeline 3.5 miles offshore at a minimum depth of 30 feet. The action would occur in a floodplain and wetlands; therefore, a floodplain/wetlands assessment has been prepared in conjunction with this EA. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 (42 USC. 4321, et seg.). Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) is not required, and the Department is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI). This FONSI also includes a Floodplain Statement of Findings in accordance with 10 CFR Part 1022.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

EIS-0001: Strategic Petroleum Reserve, Bryan Mound Salt Dome, Brazoria County, Texas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve prepared this SEIS to address the environmental impacts of construction and operation of two types of brine disposal systems and a new water supply system. This EIS supplements FES 76/77-6, Bryan Mound Storage Site.

4

Analysis of cavern stability at the Bryan Mound SPR site.  

SciTech Connect

This report presents computational analyses that simulate the structural response of caverns at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Bryan Mound site. The cavern field comprises 20 caverns. Five caverns (1, 2, 4, and 5; 3 was later plugged and abandoned) were acquired from industry and have unusual shapes and a history dating back to 1946. The other 16 caverns (101-116) were leached according to SPR standards in the mid-1980s and have tall cylindrical shapes. The history of the caverns and their shapes are simulated in a 3-D geomechanics model of the site that predicts deformations, strains, and stresses. Future leaching scenarios due to oil drawdowns using fresh water are also simulated by increasing the volume of the caverns. Cavern pressures are varied in the model to capture operational practices in the field. The results of the finite element model are interpreted to provide information on the current and future status of subsidence, well integrity, and cavern stability. The most significant result in this report is relevant to caverns 1, 2, and 5. The caverns have non-cylindrical shapes and have potential regions where the surrounding salt may be damaged during workover procedures. During a workover the normal cavern operating pressure is lowered to service a well. At this point the wellhead pressures are atmospheric. When the workover is complete, the cavern is repressurized. The resulting elastic stresses are sufficient to cause tension and large deviatoric stresses at several locations. With time, these stresses relax to a compressive state due to salt creep. However, the potential for salt damage and fracturing exists. The analyses predict tensile stresses at locations with sharp-edges in the wall geometry, or in the case of cavern 5, in the neck region between the upper and lower lobes of the cavern. The effects do not appear to be large-scale, however, so the only major impact is the potential for stress-induced salt falls in cavern 5, potentially leading to hanging string damage. Caverns 1 and 2 have no significant issues regarding leachings due to drawdowns; cavern 5 may require a targeted leaching of the neck region to improve cavern stability and lessen hanging string failure potential. The remaining caverns have no significant issues regarding cavern stability and may be safely enlarged during subsequent oil drawdowns. Well strains are significant and consequently future remedial actions may be necessary. Well strains certainly suggest the need for appropriate monitoring through a well-logging program. Subsidence is currently being monitored; there are no issues identified regarding damage from surface subsidence or horizontal strain to surface facilities.

Ehgartner, Brian L.; Sobolik, Steven Ronald

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Offshore oceanographic and environmental monitoring services for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Volume I. Appendices. Annual report for the Bryan Mound Site, September 1982-August 1983  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program began leaching the Bryan Mound salt dome and discharging brine into the coastal waters offshore of Freeport, Texas on March 10, 1980. This report describes the findings of a team of Texas A and M University scientists and engineers who have conducted a study to evaluate the effects of the Bryan Mound brine discharge on the marine environment. The study addresses the areas of physical oceanography, analysis of the discharge plume, water and sediment quality, nekton, benthos and data management. It focuses on the period from September 1982 through August 1983. The ambient physical environment and its temporal and spatial variability were studied by means of continuously recording in situ current/conductivitiy/temperature meters and twelve, one-day synoptic hydrographic cruises. The quarterly water and sediment quality data show a small increase in salinity, sodium and chloride ions occurs in the bottom waters and sediment pore waters near the diffuser relative to those values measured at stations farther away. Data from the brine plume study for this reporting study show the largest areal extent within the +1 o/oo above ambient salinity contour was 40.0 km/sup 2/ which occurred on August 11, 1983. It appears that brine disposal at Bryan Mound has had neglible if any influence on the nekton community surrounding the diffuser. The benthic quarterly data from 26 stations, including 7 collections made after the diffuser outflow rate was increased to 1,000,000 barrels/day, show the total numbers of species at the diffuser station were higher than most other nearfield stations as well as many farfield stations in both the pre- and post-1,000,000 barrels/day brine flow periods. 138 references, 175 figures, 53 tables.

None

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Test of Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve cavern Bryan Mound 1  

SciTech Connect

This document reports the cavern integrity test of cavern Bryan Mound 1 conducted between May 23 and June 14, 1985. The test included pressurization with oil to near maximum test gradient, depressuring to maximum operating gradient, and doing nitrogen leak tests of the two cavern entry wells. Test results indicate nitrogen loss rates from the wells of 133 bbl/yr from 1A and 660 bbl/yr from 1. These nitrogen loss rates can reasonably be assumed to correspond to a total cavern oil loss rate of 79 bbl/yr, compared to the DOE goal of 100 bbl/yr of oil per cavern. 6 refs., 9 figs.

Goin, K.L.

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Test of Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve Cavern Bryan Mound 104. [Salt cavern entry wells  

SciTech Connect

This document reports the certification test of Cavern Bryan Mound 104 conducted between September 19 and November 9, 1984. The test included pressurization with oil to near maximum test gradient, depressuring to maximum operating gradient, and doing nitrogen leak tests of the three cavern entry wells. Test results indicate nitrogen loss rates from the wells of 35 bbl/y from 104A, 19 bbl/y from 104B, and 0 bbl/y from 104C. These nitrogen loss rates can reasonably be assumed to correspond to a total cavern oil loss rate of 5.4 bbl/y, which is well within the DOE acceptance criterion of 100 bbl/y of oil per cavern. The final phase of the nitrogen leak test was observed by a representative of the Texas Railroad Commission. 7 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

Goin, K.L.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Bryan Wheeler  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Bryan Wheeler was an intern in the Energy Department’s Office of Science in the summer of 2011. He is currently a student at Johns Hopkins University

9

Bryan Reichel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reichel Reichel President & CEO PureChoice, Inc. breichel@purechoice.com This speaker was a visiting speaker who delivered a talk or talks on the date(s) shown at the links below. This speaker is not otherwise associated with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, unless specifically identified as a Berkeley Lab staff member. Bryan Reichel was born in Stewartville, Minnesota on June 1, 1955. He graduated from Stewartville High School in1973 and proceeded to take over the family construction business. Bryan attended Concordia College in Moorhead, Minnesota from 1973 to 1975. During his summers away from college he was the owner of Reichel Construction and Development Company - a family owned residential construction business in southern Minnesota. He continued operating that business after college until 1992. Bryan founded

10

Paul Bryan | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Paul Bryan About Us Paul Bryan - Biomass Program Manager, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Paul Bryan is Program Manager for the Office of Energy Efficiency and...

11

A. Lawrence Bryan, Jr.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(2000 to present) Bryan, L, C Depkin, S Wilde, and P Schoenfeld. Avifauna studies on the Kings Bay Submarine Base, Camden County, Georgia. Poster presentation at the 2011...

12

William Bryan, OE-30  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Mr. Bryan is the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE...

13

Marketing Portfolio Bryan Huang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing Portfolio Bryan Huang Month/Day/Year #12;2 Table of Contents Cover Letter ........................................................................................................................................................4 Executive Summaries Strategic Marketing (The REMM Group) ............................................................................................5 Services Marketing (Orange County Parks

de Lijser, Peter

14

Mound History and Information  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Mound Site History and Information Mound Site History and Information The Mound site, formerly known as the Mound Plant or Facility, takes its name from a nearby Na- tive American burial mound. The 306 acre facility is sited on a hill in the center of Miamisburg, Ohio. Construction of the Mound Plant began in 1946, and the site became operational in 1949. Mound, the nation's first post-war U.S. Atomic Energy Commission site to be constructed, was established to consolidate and continue the work conducted at the Dayton Units for the Manhattan Project. Much of the work at the Mound Plant during the Cold War involved production of the polonium- beryllium initiators used in early atomic weapons and the manufacture of and research related to ra- dionuclides. In the 1950s, the facility began to

15

mound.cdr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Mound Site, in Miamisburg, Ohio. Mound Site, in Miamisburg, Ohio. This site is managed by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. Site Description and History The Mound site, named for a nearby Native American burial ground, is located in Miamisburg, Ohio, approxi- mately 10 miles southwest of Dayton. The Great Miami River flows southwest through Miamisburg and domi- nates the geography of the region surrounding the Mound site. The river valley is highly industrialized; the rest of the region is a mix of farmland, residential area, small communities, and light industry. Many residential developments, five schools, the Miamisburg downtown area, and six city parks are located within a mile of the Mound site. The Mound site sits atop an elevated area overlooking the city of Miamisburg, the Great Miami River, and the

16

William Bryan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

William Bryan William Bryan About Us William Bryan - Deputy Assistant Secretary of Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration William Bryan Mr. Bryan is the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration in the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE). The office of Infrastructure Security and Energy Restoration (ISER) works with the National Security Staff, other U.S. government agencies, and international partners to enhance the security and resiliency of critical energy infrastructure and facilitate the reconstruction and recovery of damaged or disrupted energy systems. As a career Senior Executive, Mr. Bryan oversees the collection, analysis, and dissemination of vital information to all involved in energy response

17

MOUND Environmental Restoration Program  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

MOUND MOUND Environmental Restoration Program ._. I s ! I " ' Al /. i i : MOUND Environmental Restoration Program VlOUND I MOUND PLANT POTENTIAL RELEASE SITE PACKAGE Notice of Public Review Period hgram The following potential release site (PRS) packages will be available for public review ir he CERCLA Public Reading Room, 305 E. Central Ave., Miamisburg, Ohio beginning lune 17, 1997. Public comment will be accepted on these packages from June 17, 1997, .hrough July 18, 1997. PRS 30: Building 27 Propane Tank PRS 129/130: Former Solvent Storage Sites PRS 241: Soil Con@mination- - Main Hill Parking Lot Area PRS 307: Soil Contamination -.Buil.ding 29 PRS 318: PCB Tramformer and Capacitor Locations PRS 320-325: Former Sites -:Dayton Uqits 1-4/Dayton WarehousYScioto Facility

18

CX-011223: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

equipment, and supervision required to replace the existing Bryan Mound brine disposal pumps, BMP- 115 and BMP-116 with two new pumps (supplied as Government Furnished Equipment)....

19

Microsoft Word - BM-MM-1152 NEPA.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

equipment, and supervision required to replace the existing Bryan Mound brine disposal pumps, BMP- 115 and BMP-116 with two new pumps (supplied as Government Furnished Equipment)....

20

Larry Bryan | Savannah River Ecology Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bryan Curriculum Vitae Faculty & Scientists SREL Home Larry Bryan Savannah River Ecology Laboratory P O Drawer E, Aiken, SC 29802 (803) 725-2907 office (803) 725-3309 fax...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Tic-Tac-Toe Bryan Clair  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tic-Tac-Toe Bryan Clair Department of Mathematics and Computer Science Saint Louis University bryan board, then play immediately. Bryan Clair (SLU) Tic-Tac-Toe January 22, 2014 2 / 15 #12;The Point Tic-tac-toe is a draw. Everyone knows this! Use tic-tac-toe as a model problem: Heuristics Proofs Classifications

Clair, Bryan

22

Dynamic Epistemic Temporal Logic Bryan Renne  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, The Netherlands. http://bryan.renne.org/ School of Computer Science, Reykjav´ik University, Iceland. http. 080039021) and "Processes and Modal Logic" of The Icelandic Research Fund along with a grant from Reykjav

Renne, Bryan

23

Microsoft Word - Mound19990322.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jane Greenwalt, DOE/Ohio (937)865-3116 Jane Greenwalt, DOE/Ohio (937)865-3116 (937)885-2556 Pager (888)207-4149 Mark Becker, BWO (937) 865-4450 March 22, 1999 ENERGY SECRETARY BILL RICHARDSON TO VISIT MIAMISBURG ON MONDAY To Present $5 Million to Community Reuse Organization MIAMISBURG, OH - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Bill Richardson will visit the Mound site in Miamisburg on Monday, March 22, to tour the facility and meet with employees, neighbors and civic leaders. At 2:00 p.m., he will join U.S. Congressman Tony Hall, Miamisburg Mayor Dick Church, state and local community reuse organization the Miamisburg Mound Community Improvement Corporation (MMCIC). During the ceremony, Secretary Richardson will present the MMCIC a $5 million check from the Energy Department to help fund capital

24

Reindustrialization Workshop Held at Mound Site | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

resources, and a highly skilled workforce. Seth Kirshenberg of Energy Communities Alliance suggested that the Mound site was a valid model for DOE land reuse, while presenting...

25

CPU Inheritance Scheduling Bryan Ford Sai Susarla  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, providing much greater scheduling flexibil­ ity. Modular, hierarchical control can be provided over systems control the sharing of the machine's CPU resources among threads using a fixed scheduling schemeCPU Inheritance Scheduling Bryan Ford Sai Susarla Department of Computer Science University of Utah

Ford, Bryan

26

CPU Inheritance Scheduling Bryan Ford Sai Susarla  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, providing much greater scheduling flexibil- ity. Modular, hierarchical control can be provided overCPU Inheritance Scheduling Bryan Ford Sai Susarla Department of Computer Science University of Utah processor scheduling mechanisms in operat- ing systems are fairly rigid, often supportingonly one fixed

Ford, Bryan

27

Social Capital and Growth Bryan R. Routledge ,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, labor mobility, and social capital. The key assumption is that technological innovation, which drivesSocial Capital and Growth Bryan R. Routledge , Joachim von Amsberg § March 2002 Revised July 2002 Abstract We define and characterize social capital in a simple growth model. We capture social capital

28

Dynamic Epistemic Temporal Logic Bryan Renne  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://bryan.renne.org/ School of Computer Science, Reykjav´ik University, Iceland. http://www.joshuasack.info/ § Joshua Sack 8­11, 2009, Proceedings, volume 5834/2009 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 263) of The Icelandic Research Fund and a grant from Reykjav´ik University's Development Fund. ¶ Department

Renne, Bryan

29

Growth of Betti Numbers Bryan Clair  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growth of Betti Numbers Bryan Clair _____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction Let X = fX= be a finite simplicial complex. We study the growth rate of the Betti numbers of X. It is easy to see that the sequence of Betti numbers {bq(Xi)} can grow at most linearly

Clair, Bryan

30

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Mound Laboratory - OH 19  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Mound Laboratory - OH 19 Mound Laboratory - OH 19 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Mound Laboratory (OH.19) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Mound, Ohio, Site Documents Related to Mound Laboratory LEGAL NOTICE for Mound Site 2011 CERCLA Five-Year Review Third Five-Year Review for the Mound, Ohio, Site Miamisburg, Ohio. LMS/MND/S07963. September 2011 5-Year OU-1 Remedy Five-Year Review Report Second Five-Year Review for the Mound, Ohio, Site Miamisburg, Ohio September 2006 Annual Assessment of the Effectiveness of Site-Wide Institutional Controls Applied to the Former DOE Mound Site Property. LMS/MND/S06401.

31

Bryan H. Wood Assistant Deputy Commandant of the Marine Corps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6-14 Bryan H. Wood Assistant Deputy Commandant of the Marine Corps for Installations & Logistics HEADQUARTERS, U. S. MARINE CORPS Mr. Bryan H. Wood is the Assistant Deputy Commandant of the Marine Corps for Installations & Logistics. Mr. Wood serves as the principal deputy and technical assistant to the Deputy

32

Bryan Rubber Plant - International Shoe Company, Inc.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity from the City of Bryan at primary voltage (2400 volts) and steps the voltage down through one 1000 KVA and one 2500 KVA transformers for distribution throughout the plant and office building. The primary electrical loads are largc motor loads... associated with various process-related equipment such as mixers, milling equipment, conveyor drives, water pumps, hydraulic pumps and compressors. During the base year (June 1980 to May 1981), the plant uscd 4,814,000 KWH ($180,549) with average monthly...

Ponder, W. M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Mound Museum Volunteers: Preserving a Laboratory's Legacy | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mound Museum Volunteers: Preserving a Laboratory's Legacy Mound Museum Volunteers: Preserving a Laboratory's Legacy Mound Museum Volunteers: Preserving a Laboratory's Legacy April 17, 2013 - 11:39am Addthis Ray Seiler, Mound Science and Energy Museum President, is one of the many museum volunteers who routinely talks to visitors, such as this group from Iowa who are interested in the history of the Mound site. Ray Seiler, Mound Science and Energy Museum President, is one of the many museum volunteers who routinely talks to visitors, such as this group from Iowa who are interested in the history of the Mound site. What does this project do? Goal 1. Protect human health and the environment The Mound Science and Energy Museum (MSEM) owes its success to dedicated volunteers and supporters. The MSEM currently has 40 active volunteers and

34

Mound Museum Volunteers: Preserving a Laboratory's Legacy | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mound Museum Volunteers: Preserving a Laboratory's Legacy Mound Museum Volunteers: Preserving a Laboratory's Legacy Mound Museum Volunteers: Preserving a Laboratory's Legacy April 17, 2013 - 11:39am Addthis Ray Seiler, Mound Science and Energy Museum President, is one of the many museum volunteers who routinely talks to visitors, such as this group from Iowa who are interested in the history of the Mound site. Ray Seiler, Mound Science and Energy Museum President, is one of the many museum volunteers who routinely talks to visitors, such as this group from Iowa who are interested in the history of the Mound site. What does this project do? Goal 1. Protect human health and the environment The Mound Science and Energy Museum (MSEM) owes its success to dedicated volunteers and supporters. The MSEM currently has 40 active volunteers and

35

Microsoft Word - S02885_2012 CIP Mound Site  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Mound Site Mound Site Community Involvement Plan January 2012 LMS/MND/S02885 This page intentionally left blank LMS/MND/S02885 Office of Legacy Management Mound Site Community Involvement Plan January 2012 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Mound Community Involvement Plan January 2012 Doc. No. S02885 Page i Contents Abbreviations .................................................................................................................................. ii 1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................1 2.0 Site Description and Background ...........................................................................................1

36

On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems: Mound System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Septic tank Pump tank Distribution pipe Sand Gravel Geotextile fabric On-site wastewater treatment systems Mound system Bruce Lesikar and Vance Weynand Associate Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineering Specialist, Extension Assistant... The Texas A&M University System L-5414 4-02 Figure 1: A mound system for distributing treated wastewater to the soil. A mound system for wastewater is a soil absorption system placed above the natural surface of the ground. Mound systems are used...

Lesikar, B.; Waynard, V.

37

DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY 2011 R. BRYAN MILLER SYMPOSIUM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and co-author of over 550 publications, 60 patents, and four books (Enzymes in Synthetic Organic in Synthetic Organic Chemistry (2005), andDEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY Presents 2011 R. BRYAN MILLER SYMPOSIUM established in remembrance of R

Guo, Ting

38

Bryan Texas Utilities - SmartHOME Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bryan Texas Utilities - SmartHOME Program Bryan Texas Utilities - SmartHOME Program Bryan Texas Utilities - SmartHOME Program < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate 25% of installed cost per customer project No one customer's incentive payment can exceed 20% of BTU's annual program budget Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $900/kW reduced 10%-25% installed cost per customer project The Bryan Texas Utilities (BTU) SmartHOME Programs offers incentives to owners of single- and multi-family homes for insulation, windows, and solar screens. The incentive rate is set at $900/kW electricity reduced by implementing the efficiency measures. The incentive amount may not be less

39

Emplacement and release of brines from subsurface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Groundwater contamination by dense brines is addressed fromgroundwater contamination where dense brines might have beenbrines can become long-term sources of groundwater contamination

Hunt, James R; Flowers, Tracey C

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Mound Site  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Ohio Ohio Mound, Ohio, Site This Site All Sites All LM Quick Search Key Documents and Links All documents are Adobe Acrobat files. pdf_icon Key Documents Fact Sheet Annual Institutional Controls Report Long-Term Stewardship Site Transition Plan Site Sales Agreement Internal Links Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) Administrative Records External Links Mound Development Corporation (MDC) Ohio Environmental Protection Agency U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Please be green. Do not print these documents unless absolutely necessary. Request a paper copy of any document by submitting a Document Request. All Site Documents All documents are Adobe Acrobat files. pdf_icon Fact Sheet Community Involvement General Site Documents

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Geology of Damon Mound Salt Dome, Texas  

SciTech Connect

Geological investigation of the stratigraphy, cap-rock characteristics, deformation and growth history, and growth rate of a shallow coastal diapir. Damon Mound salt dome, located in Brazoria County, has salt less than 600 feet and cap rock less than 100 feet below the surface; a quarry over the dome provides excellent exposures of cap rock as well as overlying Oligocene to Pleistocene strata. These conditions make it ideal as a case study for other coastal diapirs that lack bedrock exposures. Such investigations are important because salt domes are currently being considered by chemical waste disposal companies as possible storage and disposal sites. In this book, the author reviews previous research, presents additional data on the subsurface and surface geology at Damon Mound, and evaluates Oligocene to post-Pleistocene diapir growth.

Collins, E.W.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Microsoft Word - MoundImprovementGrant20030522.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE: 202-586-5806 DOE: 202-586-5806 Tuesday, May 22, 2003 Miamisburg Mound Community Improvement Corporation To Receive $1.3 Million Grant WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) today announced that it will award $1.3 million to the Miamisburg Mound Community Improvement Corporation (MMCIC) to transition the Mound site from a former weapons production facility to the economically viable Mound Advanced Technology Center. MMCIC is the community reuse organization (CRO) for the department's Mound Site in Ohio. "The Energy Department is a good neighbor to the communities surrounding our sites," Secretary of Energy Spencer Abraham said. "We will continue to work with the Miamisburg Mound Community Improvement Corporation and other community reuse organizations around

43

Mound site environmental report for calendar year 1992  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to inform the public about the impact of Mound operations on the population and the environment. Mound is a government-owned facility operated by EG&G Mound Applied Technologies for the US Department of Energy (DOE). This integrated production, development, and research site performs work in support of DOE`s weapon and energy related programs, with emphasis on explosive, nuclear and energy technologies.

Bauer, L.R.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Maritime Threat Detection Using Probabilistic Graphical Models Bryan Auslander1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maritime Threat Detection Using Probabilistic Graphical Models Bryan Auslander1 , Kalyan Moy Gupta1.lastname@knexusresearch.com | david.aha@nrl.navy.mil Abstract Maritime threat detection is a challenging problem because maritime them on a threat recognition task using track data obtained from force protection naval exercises

Gupta, Kalyan Moy

45

Maritime Threat Detection using Plan Recognition Bryan Auslander1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maritime Threat Detection using Plan Recognition Bryan Auslander1 , Kalyan Moy Gupta1 , & David W algorithms for maritime threat detection employ a variety of normalcy models that are probabilistic and for threat detection. We compare their performance with a behavior recognition algorithm on simulated

Gupta, Kalyan Moy

46

GROWTH OF BETTI NUMBERS BRYAN CLAIR AND KEVIN WHYTE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GROWTH OF BETTI NUMBERS BRYAN CLAIR AND KEVIN WHYTE Introduction Let X = eX= be a finite simplicial complex. We study the growth rate of the Betti numbers coverings of X. It is easy to see that the sequence* * of Betti numbers {bq(Xi)} can grow at most

Whyte, Kevin

47

Integrated study of Mississippian Lodgepole Waulsortian Mounds, Williston Basin, USA  

SciTech Connect

Waulsortian-type carbonate buildups in the Mississippian Lodgepole Formation, Williston Basin, constitute prolific oil reservoirs. Since the initial discovery in 1993, five fields have been discovered: Dickinson Field (Lodgepole pool); Eland Field; Duck Creek Field, Versippi Field; and Hiline Field. Cumulative production (October, 1995) is 2.32 million barrels of oil and 1.34 BCF gas, with only 69,000 barrels of water. Oil gravity ranges from 41.4 to 45.3 API. Both subsurface cores from these fields as well as outcrop (Bridget Range, Big Snowy and Little Belt Mountains, Montana) are composed of facies representing deposition in mound, reworked mound, distal reworked mound, proximal flank, distal flank, and intermound settings. Porosity values within the mound and reworked mound facies are up to 15%; permeability values (in places fracture-enhanced) are up to tens of Darcies. Geometries of the mounds are variable. Mound thicknesses in the subsurface range from approximately 130-325 feet (40-100 meters); in outcrop thicknesses range from less than 30 ft (9 m) to over 250 ft (76 m). Subsurface areal dimensions range from approximately 0.5 x 1.0 mi (0.8 x 1.6 km) to 3.5 x 5.5 mi (5.6 x 8.8 km). Integration of seismic data with core and well-log models sheds light on the exploration for Lodgepole mounds. Seismic modeling of productive mounds in the Dickinson and Eland fields identifies characteristics useful for exploration, such as local thickening of the Lodgepole to Three Forks interval. These observations are confirmed in reprocessed seismic data across Eland field and on regional seismic data. Importantly, amplitude versus offset modeling identifies problems with directly detecting and identifying porosity within these features with amplitude analyses. In contrast, multicomponent seismic data has great potential for imaging these features and quantifying porous zones within them.

Kupecz, J.A.; Arestad, J.F.; Blott, J. E. [Kupecz and Associates, Ltd., Denver, CO (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Brining studies at Pepper Products Inc.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Department) A. B. Childers (Member) V. E. Sweat (Member) December 1988 Abstract Optimum brining conditions, causes of secondary fermentation, and salt fluctuation were investigated. Jalapeno peppers held in brine solution undergo lactic acid... fermentation, controlled by level of acidification and concentration of salt. Only brining at 7. 5% NaCl, with no added acetic acid, resulted in loss of all fermentable sugars. However, salt concentration fluctuated widely in this sample. Brining in 25...

Okoro, John Daniel

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

49

Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program, 1991 report  

SciTech Connect

The data presented in this report are the result of Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program (BSEP) activities at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plan (WIPP) during 1991. These BSEP activities document and investigate the origins, hydraulic characteristics, extent, and composition of brine occurrences in the Permian Salado Formation and seepage of that brine into the excavations at the WIPP. When excavations began at the WIPP in 1982, small brine seepages (weeps) were observed on the walls. Brine studies began as part of the Site Validation Program and were formalized as a program in its own right in 1985. During nine years of observations (1982--1991), evidence has mounted that the amount of brine seeping into the WIPP excavations is limited, local, and only a small fraction of that required to produce hydrogen gas by corroding the metal in the waste drums and waste inventory. The data through 1990 is discussed in detail and summarized by Deal and others (1991). The data presented in this report describes progress made during the calendar year 1991 and focuses on four major areas: (1) quantification of the amount of brine seeping across vertical surfaces in the WIPP excavations (brine ``weeps); (2) monitoring of brine inflow, e.g., measuring brines recovered from holes drilled downward from the underground drifts (downholes), upward from the underground drifts (upholes), and from subhorizontal holes; (3) further characterization of brine geochemistry; and (4) preliminary quantification of the amount of brine that might be released by squeezing the underconsolidated clays present in the Salado Formation.

Deal, D.E.; Abitz, R.J.; Myers, J.; Martin, M.L.; Milligan, D.J.; Sobocinski, R.W.; Lipponer, P.P.J. [International Technology Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [International Technology Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Belski, D.S. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Carlsbad, NM (United States). Waste Isolation Div.] [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Carlsbad, NM (United States). Waste Isolation Div.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Mound Plant Director's Final Findings and Orders, October 4, 1995  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mound Plant Director's Final Findings and Orders, October 4, 1995 Page 1 of 16 Mound Plant Director's Final Findings and Orders, October 4, 1995 Page 1 of 16 EM Home | Regulatory Compliance | Environmental Compliance Agreements Mound Plant Director's Final Findings and Orders, October 4, 1995 BEFORE THE OHIO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY In the Matter Of: United States Department of Energy : Director's Final Mound Facility : Findings and Order P.O. Box 66 : Miamisburg, Ohio 45343-0066 : Respondent It is hereby agreed by and among the parties hereto as follows: Table of Contents I. Jurisdiction II. Parties Bound III. Definitions IV. Findings of Fact V. Orders VI. Limitations of Director's Approval VII. Notice VIII. Project Managers IX. Dispute Resolution X. Funding XI. Other Applicable Laws XII. Reservation of Rights XIII. Modification

51

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Mound_Benefits  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Ohio > Mound_Benefits Ohio > Mound_Benefits Employment Verification Mercer, Mound Benefits Center (866) 296-5036 Worker and Community Transition Program (Section 3161) Direct all education, training, preference in hiring, relocation, and outplacement inquiries to: Professional Services of America, Inc. 601 Avery Street, Suite 500, Parkersburg, WV 26101 Phone: (866) 562-7482 Fax: (304) 485-1280 E-mail: jsheppard@psa-inc.com Medical and Life Insurance for Former EG&G, BWXTO, and CH2M HILL Employees For questions about health insurance coverage and/or dependent information, life insurance and/or beneficiaries, etc.: Mercer, Mound Benefits Center P.O. Box 9735, Providence, RI 02940 (866) 296-5036 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. EST, Monday-Friday For questions about insurance claims:

52

Renewed Importance of the Mound Site Annual Institutional Controls...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

and the environment. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) completed its 2014 annual institutional controls (IC) assessment of the Mound site in...

53

Renewed Importance of the Mound Site Annual Institutional Controls Assessments  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) completed its 2014 annual institutional controls (IC) assessment of the Mound site in Miamisburg, Ohio, and confirmed that the...

54

City of Bryan, Ohio (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bryan Bryan Place Ohio Utility Id 2439 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Electric Rates Commercial Commercial outside service Commercial Residential Service Inside City Limits Residential Residential Service Outside City Limits Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1030/kWh Commercial: $0.1190/kWh Industrial: $0.0888/kWh

55

City of Bryan, Texas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bryan Bryan Place Texas Utility Id 2442 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location TRE NERC ERCOT Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png City Commercial Load Factor(20% or greater) Commercial General Service- City Commercial General Service- Rural Commercial Residential- City Residential Residential- Rural Residential Residential- Rural(Inside College Station City Limits) Residential

56

Improved Water Flooding through Injection Brine Modification  

SciTech Connect

Crude oil/brine/rock interactions can lead to large variations in the displacement efficiency of waterflooding, by far the most widely applied method of improved oil recovery. Laboratory waterflood tests show that injection of dilute brine can increase oil recovery. Numerous fields in the Powder River basin have been waterflooded using low salinity brine (about 500 ppm) from the Madison limestone or Fox Hills sandstone. Although many uncertainties arise in the interpretation and comparison of field production data, injection of low salinity brine appears to give higher recovery compared to brine of moderate salinity (about 7,000 ppm). Laboratory studies of the effect of brine composition on oil recovery cover a wide range of rock types and crude oils. Oil recovery increases using low salinity brine as the injection water ranged from a low of no notable increase to as much as 37.0% depending on the system being studied. Recovery increases using low salinity brine after establishing residual oil saturation (tertiary mode) ranged from no significant increase to 6.0%. Tests with two sets of reservoir cores and crude oil indicated slight improvement in recovery for low salinity brine. Crude oil type and rock type (particularly the presence and distribution of kaolinite) both play a dominant role in the effect that brine composition has on waterflood oil recovery.

Robertson, Eric Partridge; Thomas, Charles Phillip; Morrow, Norman; (U of Wyoming)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Investigation of the September 13, 2011, Fatality at the Strategic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 13, 2011, Fatality at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Bryan Mound Site Investigation of the September 13, 2011, Fatality at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Bryan Mound...

58

Property:BrineConstituents | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BrineConstituents BrineConstituents Jump to: navigation, search Property Name BrineConstituents Property Type String Description Describes major elements, compounds in geothermal brine This is a property of type Page. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: V Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal Area Pages using the property "BrineConstituents" Showing 2 pages using this property. N North Brawley Geothermal Area + Chlorine, sodium, potassium, and calcium. Silica concentrations are 527 mg/l and total dissolved solids measure 82,900 mg/l. + S Salt Wells Geothermal Area + Cl, Na, SO4, SiO2, HCO3, and minor Ca, K + Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:BrineConstituents&oldid=598832#SMWResults" Category: Properties

59

Development Operations Hypersaline Geothermal Brine Utilization Imperial  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hypersaline Geothermal Brine Utilization Imperial Hypersaline Geothermal Brine Utilization Imperial County, California Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Development Operations Hypersaline Geothermal Brine Utilization Imperial County, California Abstract N/A Authors Whitescarver and Olin D. Published U.S. Department of Energy, 1984 Report Number N/A DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Development Operations Hypersaline Geothermal Brine Utilization Imperial County, California Citation Whitescarver, Olin D.. 1984. Development Operations Hypersaline Geothermal Brine Utilization Imperial County, California. (!) : U.S. Department of Energy. Report No.: N/A. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Development_Operations_Hypersaline_Geothermal_Brine_Utilization_Imperial_County,_California&oldid=682648

60

Miamisburg Mound Community Improvement Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Miamisburg Mound Community Improvement Corp Miamisburg Mound Community Improvement Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name Miamisburg Mound Community Improvement Corp Address 965 Capstone Dr, Suite 480 Place Miamisburg, Ohio Zip 45342-6714 Sector Buildings, Efficiency, Geothermal energy, Services, Solar, Wind energy Product Business and legal services; Energy audits/weatherization; Energy provider: power production; Engineering/architectural/design;Installation;Investment/finances; Manufacturing; Research and development; Trainining and education;Other:Economic Development Phone number 937-865-4462 Website http://www.mound.com Coordinates 39.6304472°, -84.2903471° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.6304472,"lon":-84.2903471,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Characteristics of pimple mounds associated with the Morey soil of southeast Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Ross et al. (1968) discovered most mounds in Minnesota occurred on the slopes and tops of rises and only 5X occurred on flats between rises. M d ~. 9 1 (1999) 1 ' g 1 d g on mounded soils in Texas. Mound vegetation on a Minnesota site is always... mound and intermound soils. Depth to free water varied by year and by different sites. Mound sites were never saturated with ground water whereas flats became saturated in the winter and spring. Uniform water extraction rates occurred sooner...

Carty, David Jerome

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

62

The Brine Shrimp's Butterfly Stroke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the fluid dynamics of brine shrimp larvae swimming in this gallery of fluid motion video. Time resolved particle image velocimetry was performed using nano-particles as seeding material to measure the time dependent velocity and vorticity fields. The Reynolds number of the flow was roughly 8 and the Womerseley number (ratio of periodic forcing to viscous forcing) was about 5. Vorticity dynamics reveals the formation of a vortex ring structure at the tip of each arm at the beginning of the power stroke. This two vortex system evolves dramatically with time as the stroke progresses. The outer circulation is noted to weaken while the inner circulation strengthens over the power stroke. The gaining strength of the inner vortex correlates with the acceleration and forward movement of the larvae.

Johnson, Brennan; Dasi, Lakshmi Prasad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Sampling procedure for atmospheric geothermal brines  

SciTech Connect

Thermodynamic and chemical changes can alter the characteristics of geothermal brine samples significantly. A procedure which minimizes these changes has been developed for sampling atmospheric geothermal brines. The method is fast with minimal cooling and yields representative samples which have been stabilized to preserve their integrity. The procedure provides reliable suspended solids data and both the solid and liquid samples are suitable for elemental analysis. The procedure is also a valuable tool to aid in monitoring a geothermal brine conditioning system. Data are included from a flow test at an MCR Geothermal well in the Imperial Valley area of California to illustrate the utility of the sampling procedure.

Kochelek, J.T.; Zienty, D.F.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Integrated process for coalbed brine disposal  

SciTech Connect

A brine disposal process is described that converts the brine stream of a coalbed gas producing site into clean water for agricultural use, combustion products and water vapor that can be released into the atmosphere and dry solids that can be recycled for industrial consumption. The process uses a reverse osmosis unit, a submerged combustion evaporator and a pulse combustion dryer. Pretreatment of the brine feedstream is necessary to prevent fouling of the membranes of the reverse osmosis unit and to separate from the brine stream hazardous metal and other constituents that may make the permeate from the reverse osmosis unit unsuitable for agricultural or other use. A chemical modeling code is used to calculate the saturation states of solids that may precipitate and foul the reverse osmosis membranes. Sodium carbonate is added to the brine to precipitate carbonates of Ba, Ca, Mg and Sr prior to filtration, acidification, and passage into the reverse osmosis unit. Optimization of the process in terms of types and amounts of additives is possible with analysis using the modeling code. The minimum amounts of additives to prevent scaling are calculated. In a typical operation, a brine feedstream of 1,000 m{sup 3}/day (6,290 bpd) that may have a total dissolved salt concentration (TDS) of 7,000 ppm will be separated into a permeate stream of 750 m{sup 3}/day (4,718 bpd) with a TDS of 400 ppm and a concentrated brine stream of 250 m{sup 3}/day (1,573 bpd) with a TDS of 26,800 ppm. The submerged combustion evaporator will concentrate this latter stream to a concentration of 268,000 ppm and reduce the volume to 25 m{sup 3}/day (158 bpd). The pulse combustion dryer can dry the concentrated brine mixture to a low moisture salt. Energy costs to operate the reverse osmosis unit are primarily the pumping costs.

Brandt, H. [AQUATECH Services, Inc., Fair Oaks, CA (United States)]|[California Univ., Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Bourcier, W.L.; Jackson, K.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Blue Mounds, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mounds, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Mounds, Wisconsin: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.0174968°, -89.8323454° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.0174968,"lon":-89.8323454,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

66

Flower Mound, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Flower Mound, Texas: Energy Resources Flower Mound, Texas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.0145673°, -97.0969552° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.0145673,"lon":-97.0969552,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

67

Enforcement Letter-Mound-08/22/1996  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mr. Michael T. Sullivan Mr. Michael T. Sullivan [ ] EG&G Mound Applied Technologies P.O. Box 3000 Miamisburg, OH 45343-3000 Re: Noncompliance Number NTS-OH-MB-EGGM-EGGMAT01-1996-0001 Dear Mr. Sullivan: On April 17, 1996, the Office of Enforcement and Investigation conducted an onsite evaluation of the referenced potential noncompliance reported to Department of Energy (DOE) by EG&G Mound (EG&G) in the Noncompliance Tracking System (NTS). This potential noncompliance, which occurred on January 11, 1996, and was reported on January 24, 1996, involved the inadvertent transfer of contamination, resulting in low level contamination of individuals, equipment and locations outside designated radiological areas. The April 17, 1996, site visit evaluated the adequacy of and progress

68

Mound, Former Production Workers Screening Projects | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Production Workers Screening Projects Production Workers Screening Projects Mound, Former Production Workers Screening Projects Project Name: Worker Health Protection Program Covered DOE Site: Mound Worker Population Served: Production Workers Principal Investigator: Jim Frederick Co-Principal Investigator: Steven Markowitz, MD Toll-free Telephone: 1-877-866-6802 Local Outreach Office Eric Parker, Paige Gibson and Mike Ball 113 East Central Avenue W. Carrollton, OH 45449 Website: http://www.worker-health.org/ This project is being conducted by the United Steelworkers, in conjunction with Queens College of the City University of New York. Free of charge, eligible workers can receive a medical exam, including chest X-ray and breathing test, and an educational workshop. This program also offers CT

69

Volatility of HCl and the thermodynamics of brines during brine dryout  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory measurements of liquid-vapor partitioning (volatility) of chlorides from brines to steam can be used to indicate the potential for corrosion problems in geothermal systems. Measurements of volatilities of solutes in chloride brines have established a possible mechanism for the production of high-chloride steam from slightly acidic high temperature brines. Questions concerning the fate of NaCl in the steam production process have been addressed through extensive measurements of its volatility from brines ranging in concentration from dilute solutions to halite saturation. Recent measurements of chloride partitioning to steam over brines in contact with Geysers rock samples are consistent with our concept of the process for production of high-chloride steam.

Simonson, J.M.; Palmer, D.A.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Enforcement Letter, CH2M Hill Mound, Inc - December 22, 2004...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Inc - December 22, 2004 December 22, 2004 Issued to CH2M Hill Mound, Inc. related to a Radioactive Contamination Event during Remediation Activities at the Miamisburg Closure...

71

Brine flow in heated geologic salt.  

SciTech Connect

This report is a summary of the physical processes, primary governing equations, solution approaches, and historic testing related to brine migration in geologic salt. Although most information presented in this report is not new, we synthesize a large amount of material scattered across dozens of laboratory reports, journal papers, conference proceedings, and textbooks. We present a mathematical description of the governing brine flow mechanisms in geologic salt. We outline the general coupled thermal, multi-phase hydrologic, and mechanical processes. We derive these processes' governing equations, which can be used to predict brine flow. These equations are valid under a wide variety of conditions applicable to radioactive waste disposal in rooms and boreholes excavated into geologic salt.

Kuhlman, Kristopher L.; Malama, Bwalya

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Plant Mounds as Concentration and Stabilization Agents for Actinide Soil Contaminants in Nevada  

SciTech Connect

Plant mounds or blow-sand mounds are accumulations of soil particles and plant debris around the base of shrubs and are common features in deserts in the southwestern United States. An important factor in their formation is that shrubs create surface roughness that causes wind-suspended particles to be deposited and resist further suspension. Shrub mounds occur in some plant communities on the Nevada Test Site, the Nevada Test and Training Range (NTTR), and Tonopah Test Range (TTR), including areas of surface soil contamination from past nuclear testing. In the 1970s as part of early studies to understand properties of actinides in the environment, the Nevada Applied Ecology Group (NAEG) examined the accumulation of isotopes of Pu, 241Am, and U in plant mounds at safety experiment and storage-transportation test sites of nuclear devices. Although aerial concentrations of these contaminants were highest in the intershrub or desert pavement areas, the concentration in mounds were higher than in equal volumes of intershrub or desert pavement soil. The NAEG studies found the ratio of contaminant concentration of actinides in soil to be greater (1.6 to 2.0) in shrub mounds than in the surrounding areas of desert pavement. At Project 57 on the NTTR, 17 percent of the area was covered in mounds while at Clean Slate III on the TTR, 32 percent of the area was covered in mounds. If equivalent volumes of contaminated soil were compared between mounds and desert pavement areas at these sites, then the former might contain as much as 34 and 62 percent of the contaminant inventory, respectively. Not accounting for radionuclides associated with shrub mounds would cause the inventory of contaminants and potential exposure to be underestimated. In addition, preservation of shrub mounds could be important part of long-term stewardship if these sites are closed by fencing and posting with administrative controls.

D.S. Shafer; J. Gommes

2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

73

Portable brine evaporator unit, process, and system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention discloses a comprehensive, efficient, and cost effective portable evaporator unit, method, and system for the treatment of brine. The evaporator unit, method, and system require a pretreatment process that removes heavy metals, crude oil, and other contaminates in preparation for the evaporator unit. The pretreatment and the evaporator unit, method, and system process metals and brine at the site where they are generated (the well site). Thus, saving significant money to producers who can avoid present and future increases in transportation costs.

Hart, Paul John (Indiana, PA); Miller, Bruce G. (State College, PA); Wincek, Ronald T. (State College, PA); Decker, Glenn E. (Bellefonte, PA); Johnson, David K. (Port Matilda, PA)

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

74

Assessment of Brine Management for Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic  Geology Billion  Gallons  per  Year Brine  Use  Sequence Carbon  dioxide  Capture  and  Storage Carbon  Dioxide Coal-­?

Breunig, Hanna M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Microsoft Word - LEGAL NOTICE for Mound Site 2011 CERCLA Five.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

LEGAL NOTICE for Mound Site 2011 CERCLA Five-Year Review Page 1 of 2 LEGAL NOTICE for Mound Site 2011 CERCLA Five-Year Review Page 1 of 2 LEGAL NOTICE for Mound Site 2011 CERCLA Five-Year Review The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM) is conducting the third Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) Five-Year Review of the Mound Site in Miamisburg, Ohio. The Five-Year Review process ensures that the selected CERCLA remedies remain protective of human health and the environment. After the Mound Plant Site was placed on the CERCLA National Priority List in 1989, DOE signed a CERCLA Section 120 Federal Facility Agreement with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in October 1990 and a tripartite agreement among the DOE, EPA, and Ohio EPA (OEPA) in 1993. The

76

Lucky Mound field: A new Mississippian Sherwood shoreline field  

SciTech Connect

Lucky Mound field produces oil and gas from the Sherwood interval of the Mississippian Mission Canyon Formation. Presently, eight wells are producing with development ongoing. Extensive coring, testing, logging, and petrographic evaluations throughout the field have allowed for detailed analysis of reservoir characteristics and paleoenvironmental interpretation. Sherwood shoreline fields typically produce from reservoir-quality packstones and grainstones trapped by a lateral facies changes into impermeable dolomite and anhydrite. At Lucky Mound, packstones, grainstones, and a productive dolomite facies all contribute to the producing interval. The productive dolomite facies is generally found in the upper portion of the Sherwood along the eastern margin of the field. Porosity as high as 22% and permeability values up to 16 md are present in the dolomite facies. These dolomites are the result of complete to partial replacement of micrite. In addition, the dolomitization process has enhanced intercrystalline and intraparticle porosity throughout the Sherwood interval. Pore types present include vuggy, intergranular, intraparticle, and intercrystalline. Pore occluding and replacive cements include fibrous calcite, prismatic calcite spar, baroque dolomite, anhydrite, celestite, pyrite, and chert. An understanding of carbonate depositional environments, diagenetic processes, Williston basin structural development, and Sherwood reservoir behavior is essential in the exploration for new Sherwood fields.

Fisher, R.W. (Balcron Oil, Billings, MT (United States)); Hendricks, M.L. (Hendricks and Associates, Inc., Denver, CO (United States))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Brine tolerant polymer for oil recovery applications  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a beta-alanine-type branched partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide, which is added to an aqueous injection fluid to increase the viscosity of the fluid. The polymer resists plugging of the wellbore face and/or matrix pores and is brine tolerant when injected into a subterranean hydrocarbon-bearing formation.

Tackett, J.E.

1987-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

78

Chemistry of Silica in Cerro Prieto Brines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data was generated by t e CFE Laioratory a t Cerro Prietowere performed a t the CFE Laboratory a t Cerro P r i e t oe h e l p of J,. Fausto L of CFE. Brine from Cerro P r i e t

Weres, Oleh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Chemistry of Silica in Cerro Prieto Brines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data was generated by t e CFE Laioratory a t Cerro Prietowere performed a t the CFE Laboratory a t Cerro P r i e t oe h e l p of J,. Fausto L of CFE. Brine from Cerro P r i e t

Weres, O.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

CSP, PVS and a Recursive Authentication Protocol Jeremy Bryans and Steve Schneider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSP, PVS and a Recursive Authentication Protocol Jeremy Bryans and Steve Schneider Department In this paper we consider the nature of machine proofs used in the CSP approach to the veri cation of authentication protocols using the process algebra CSP Hoa85]. The CSP syntax provides a natural and precise way

Doran, Simon J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Using SelfDiagnosis to Adapt Organizational Structures Bryan Horling, Brett Benyo, and Victor Lesser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Self­Diagnosis to Adapt Organizational Structures #3; Bryan Horling, Brett Benyo, and Victor effectiveness and efficiency. In dynamic environments, or when the objectives of the system shift representation of organizational information. A complete version of this paper is at [1]. As the sizes of multi

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

82

Using Self-Diagnosis to Adapt Organizational Structures Bryan Horling, Brett Benyo, and Victor Lesser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Self-Diagnosis to Adapt Organizational Structures ÂŁ Bryan Horling, Brett Benyo, and Victor effectiveness and efficiency. In dynamic environments, or when the objectives of the system shift representation of organizational information. A complete version of this paper is at [1]. As the sizes of multi

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

83

The Price of Oil Risk Steven D. Baker, Bryan R. Routledge,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Price of Oil Risk Steven D. Baker, Bryan R. Routledge, September 2011 [December 20, 2012 multiple goods. We use this optimal consumption allocation to derive a pricing kernel and the price of oil for oil. As an example, in a calibrated version of our model we show how rising oil prices and falling oil

84

A Human Study of Patch Maintainability Zachary P. Fry Bryan Landau Westley Weimer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Human Study of Patch Maintainability Zachary P. Fry Bryan Landau Westley Weimer University and expensive part of the software lifecycle. Measuring the quality of bug-fixing patches is a difficult task interest in automatic patch generation makes a systematic understanding of patch maintainability

Weimer, Westley

85

Illustration by Bryan Christie38 Scientific American, March 2014 Big science lights the way to an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Illustration by Bryan Christie38 Scientific American, March 2014 Big science lights the way give rise to even rudimentary behaviors such as feeding and sex. What was missing were data relating brain cells that fired an electrical im- pulse in response to the face of actor Jennifer Aniston

Yuste, Rafael

86

Illustration by Bryan Christie38 Scientific American, March 2014 Big science lights the way to an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Illustration by Bryan Christie38 Scientific American, March 2014 Big science lights the way. What was missing were data relating the activity of neurons to specific behaviors. The di culty study identifying single brain cells that fired an electrical im- pulse in response to the face of actor

Columbia University

87

Microsoft Word - S07757_2011 Mound IC Report  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

IC Assessment Checklist IC Assessment Checklist This page intentionally left blank CHECKLIST WORKSHEET - COMBINED - ALL PARCELS Review of Effectiveness of Institutional Controls U.S. Department of Energy Annual Assessment of the Effectiveness of Site-Wide Institutional Controls June 2011 Doc. No. S07757 Page A-1 Scope: Entire Mound Site Preliminary inspections performed on: April 5 and 7, 2011 Physical Inspection Walk around on: April 12, 2011 Review led by: Art Kleinrath, DOE LM Phone #: 937-227-2237 Participants in Physical Inspection Walk Around on April 12, 2011: See attached sign-in sheet. Summary of property improvements since the previous Review. For example, have buildings been demolished or erected? Has surface water flow been modified? Has landscaping been

88

Mound Plant Federal Facility Agreement, July 15, 1993 Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Environmental Protection Agency Region V United States Environmental Protection Agency Region V and the State of Ohio Federal Facility Agreement State Ohio Agreement Type Federal Facility Agreement Legal Driver(s) CERCLA Scope Summary DOE shall identify Interim Remedial Actions (IRAs) alternatives and implement US EPA and OEPA approved remedies for the site in accordance with CERCLA Parties EPA; Ohio EPA (OEPA); DOE Date 07/15/1993 SCOPE * Identify Interim Remedial Action (IRA) alternatives which include Remedial Investigations (RI) and Feasibility Studies (FS); design and implement US EPA and OEPA approved remedies for the Mound site in accordance with CERCLA. ESTABLISHING MILESTONES * After approval of remedial design and action plans, DOE shall prepare and provide to U.S. EPA and OEPA written monthly progress reports.

89

Audit of Shutdown and Transition of the Mound Plant, IG-0408  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 24, 1997 June 24, 1997 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: John C. Layton Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: "Audit of Shutdown and Transition of the Mound Plant" BACKGROUND: The end of the Cold War has allowed the Department of Energy (Department) to reduce weapons production and consolidate operations throughout the nuclear weapons complex. As part of this consolidation, the Department has either transferred or is planning to transfer all weapons-related and production activities at the Mound Plant to other Departmental facilities. The objective of this audit was to determine if the shutdown and transition of the Mound Plant was progressing efficiently and effectively. More

90

Marcus Wallace, Bryan Wiggins, K.W. Hipps Department of Chemistry and Materials Science and Engineering Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marcus Wallace, Bryan Wiggins, K.W. Hipps Department of Chemistry and Materials Science purified by both solvent extraction and sublimation methods in order to yield a high purity product

Collins, Gary S.

91

Polyacrylamide polymer viscosity as a function of brine composition  

SciTech Connect

A computer model has been developed which predicts the viscosity of polymer and oil field brine mixtures. The polymers used were Amoco- Sweepaid 103 and Dow- Pusher 500 polyacrylamide polymers. All of the experiments were conducted at 1200 ppM polymer concentration. The computer input consists of the ionic strength of the brine in the mixture and the fraction of that ionic strength due to sodium ions. The computer program makes predictions of viscosity by referencing a family of viscosity curves for various mixtures of sodium chloride and calcium chloride in 1200 ppM polymer solutions. The model has been tested using 59 mixtures of brines and polymers. The ionic strength of the brine in the mixtures varied from 0.0018 to 0.025. The fraction of the brines' total ionic strength due to sodium ions varied from 0.22 to 0.49. The brines consisted predominantly of sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, chloride, bicarbonate and sulfate ions.

French, T.R.; Stacy, N.; Collins, A.G.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

The effect of weather and climate on traffic accidents, crime, and mortality in Bryan-College Station, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE EFFECT OF WEATHER AND CLIMATE ON TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS, CRIME, AND MORTALITY IN BRYAN-COLLEGE STATION, TEXAS A Thesis by TIMOTHY RICHARD CAMPBELL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Member) (Head of Depa ment) Member) December 1973 ABSTRACT The Effect of Weather and Climate on Traffic Accidents, Crime, and Mortality in Bryan-College Station, Texas. (December 1973) Timothy Richard...

Campbell, Timothy Richard

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

93

OUT Success Stories: Chemical Treatments for Geothermal Brines  

SciTech Connect

DOE research helped develop the large, untapped geothermal resource beneath the Salton Sea in California's Imperial Valley. The very hot brines under high pressure make them excellent for electric power production. The brines are very corrosive and contain high concentrations of dissolved silica. DOE worked with San Diego Gas and Electric Company to find a solution to the silica-scaling problem. This innovative brine treatment eliminated scaling and made possible the development of the Salton Sea geothermal resource.

Burr, R.

2000-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

94

Assessment of Brine Management for Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

brine  management  or   extracted  water  management  infrastructure  or  where  nearby  fresh  water  resources  need  to  be   carefully  monitored  for  later  contamination.  

Breunig, Hanna M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Origin, distribution, and movement of brine in the Permian Basin (U. S. A. ). A model for displacement of connate brine  

SciTech Connect

Na-Cl, halite Ca-Cl, and gypsum Ca-Cl brines with salinities from 45 to >300 g/L are identified and mapped in four hydrostratigraphic units in the Permian Basin area beneath western Texas and Oklahoma and eastern New Mexico, providing spatial and lithologic constraints on the interpretation of the origin and movement of brine. Na-Cl brine is derived from meteoric water as young as 5-10 Ma that dissolved anhydrite and halite, whereas Ca-Cl brine is interpreted to be ancient, modified-connate Permian brine that now is mixing with, and being displaced by, the Na-Cl brine. Displacement fronts appear as broad mixing zones with no significant salinity gradients. Evolution of Ca-Cl brine composition from ideal evaporated sea water is attributed to dolomitization and syndepositional recycling of halite and bittern salts by intermittent influx of fresh water and sea water. Halite Ca-Cl brine in the evaporite section in the northern part of the basin differs from gypsum Ca-Cl brine in the south-central part in salinity and Na/Cl ratio and reflects segregation between halite- and gypsum-precipitating lagoons during the Permian. Ca-Cl brine moved downward through the evaporite section into the underlying Lower Permian and Pennsylvanian marine section that is now the deep-basin brine aquifer, mixing there with pre-existing sea water. Buoyancy-driven convection of brine dominated local flow for most of basin history, with regional advection governed by topographically related forces dominant only for the past 5 to 10 Ma. 71 refs., 11 figs.

Bein, A.; Dutton, A.R. (Univ. of Texas, Austin (United States))

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Consolidation and permeability of salt in brine  

SciTech Connect

The consolidation and loss of permeability of salt crystal aggregates, important in assessing the effects of water in salt repositories, has been studied as a function of several variables. The kinetic behavior was similar to that often observed in sintering and suggested the following expression for the time dependence of the void fraction: phi(t) = phi(0) - (A/B)ln(1 + Bt/z(0)/sup 3/), where A and B are rate constants and z(0) is initial average particle size. With brine present, A and phi(0) varied linearly with stress. The initial void fraction was also dependent to some extent on the particle size distribution. The rate of consolidation was most rapid in brine and least rapid in the presence of only air as the fluid. A brine containing 5 m MgCl/sub 2/ showed an intermediate rate, presumably because of the greatly reduced solubility of NaCl. A substantial wall effect was indicated by an observed increase in the void fraction of consolidated columns with distance from the top where the stress was applied and by a dependence of consolidation rate on the column height and radius. The distance through which the stress fell by a factor of phi was estimated to change inversely as the fourth power of the column diameter. With increasing temperature (to 85/sup 0/C), consolidation proceeded somewhat more rapidly and the wall effect was reduced. The permeability of the columns dropped rapidly with consolidation, decreasing with about the sixth power of the void fraction. In general, extrapolation of the results to repository conditions confirms the self-sealing properties of bedded salt as a storage medium for radioactive waste.

Shor, A.J.; Baes, C.F. Jr.; Canonico, C.M.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

CX-009719: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

19: Categorical Exclusion Determination 19: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009719: Categorical Exclusion Determination Repair and Line Bryan Mound Brine Tank, BMT-1 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 12/18/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office Subcontractor shall provide all transportation, materials, equipment, supplies, tools, facilities, utilities, labor and supervision required to repair and line the Bryan Mound (BM) brine tank, BMT-1. The tank will be cleaned by others before turning it over to the Subcontractor for repairs. Tasks include welding repair work (if required), welding inspection, tank surface preparation, and lining. CX-009719.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-000873: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009213: Categorical Exclusion Determination

98

Treatment of Mercury Contaminated Oil from the Mound Site  

SciTech Connect

Over one thousand gallons of tritiated oil, at various contamination levels, are stored in the Main Hill Tritium Facility at the Miamisburg Environmental Management Project (MEMP), commonly referred to as Mound Site. This tritiated oil is to be characterized for hazardous materials and radioactive contamination. Most of the hazardous materials are expected to be in the form of heavy metals, i.e., mercury, silver, lead, chromium, etc, but transuranic materials and PCBs could also be in some oils. Waste oils, found to contain heavy metals as well as being radioactively contaminated, are considered as mixed wastes and are controlled by Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations. The SAMMS (Self-Assembled Mercaptan on Mesoporous Silica) technology was developed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for removal and stabilization of RCRA metals (i.e., lead, mercury, cadmium, silver, etc.) and for removal of mercury from organic solvents. The SAMMS material is based on self-assembly of functionalized monolayers on mesoporous oxide surfaces. The unique mesoporous oxide supports provide a high surface area, thereby enhancing the metal-loading capacity. SAMMS material has high flexibility in that it binds with different forms of mercury, including metallic, inorganic, organic, charged, and neutral compounds. The material removes mercury from both organic wastes, such as pump oils, and from aqueous wastes. Mercury-loaded SAMMS not only passes TCLP tests, but also has good long-term durability as a waste form because: (1) the covalent binding between mercury and SAMMS has good resistance in ion-exchange, oxidation, and hydrolysis over a wide pH range and (2) the uniform and small pore size of the mesoporous silica prevents bacteria from solubilizing the bound mercury.

Klasson, KT

2000-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

99

Evaporite diagenesis driven by synsedimentary evolution of brines  

SciTech Connect

Back-reaction of brines has modified cyclic shallow water carbonate-sulfate-halite sequences (Permian) in the Palo Duro basin, Texas Panhandle. Successive parts of regressive evaporite cycles were deposited from progressively more highly evaporated seawater. The reaction of the brine with sediments deposited during earlier parts of each cycle was the major force criving diagenetic reactions and determining the final mineralogy. Normal marine limestones at the base of cycles were dolomitized in the shallow subsurface environments by brines that precipitated brine-pool evaporites in the upper parts of cycles. Gypsum dehydrated to anhydrite at burial depths of 1-2m beneath the brine-pool floor as brine salinity increased toward halite saturation. Diagenetic limpid dolomite and anhydrite replacing halite were probably derived from mixed meteoric and evaporated-marine brines squeezed from mudstone beds during compaction in the shallow subsurface. Anhydrite and halite pervasively cemented and partly replaced carbonates and gypsum. The resulting low permeability limited later diagenetic alteration, so that the early diagenetic textures and mineralogy were preserved in the burial environment. Reduction in permeability occurred before the transgression initiating the next cycle; the only major result of the introduction of seawater into the evaporite environment was dissolution of the last-deposited few meters of halite.

Hovorka, S.D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

From Hydrogen Fuel Cells to High-Altitude-Pilot Protection Suits— Mound Science and Energy Museum Programs Cover a Wide Range of Topics  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Mound Science and Energy Museum (MSEM) is an active, volunteer-led organization located at the former U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Mound site in Miamisburg, Ohio. MSEM keeps the 60-year...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Origin and geochemical evolution of the Michigan basin brine  

SciTech Connect

Chemical and isotopic data were collected on 126 oil field brine samples and were used to investigate the origin and geochemical evolution of water in 8 geologic formations in the Michigan basin. Two groups of brine are found in the basin, the Na-Ca-Cl brine in the upper Devonian formations, and Ca-Na-Cl brine from the lower Devonian and Silurian aged formations. Water in the upper Devonian Berea, Traverse, and Dundee formations originated from seawater concentrated into halite facies. This brine evolved by halite precipitation, dolomitization, aluminosilicate reactions, and the removal of SO{sub 4} by bacterial action or by CaSO{sub 4} precipitation. The stable isotopic composition (D, O) is thought to represent dilution of evapo-concentrated seawater by meteoric water. Water in the lower Devonian Richfield, Detroit River Group, and Niagara-Salina formations is very saline Ca-Na-Cl brine. Cl/Br suggest it originated from seawater concentrated through the halite and into the MgSO{sub 4} salt facies, with an origin linked to the Silurian and Devonian salt deposits. Dolomitization and halite precipitation increased the Ca/Na, aluminosilicate reactions removed K, and bacterial action or CaSO{sub 4} precipitation removed SO{sub 4} from this brine. Water chemistry in the Ordovician Trenton-Black River formations indicates dilution of evapo-concentrated seawater by fresh or seawater. Possible saline end-members include Ordovician seawater, present-day upper Devonian brine, or Ca-Cl brine from the deeper areas in the basin.

Wilson, T.P.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Strategic Petroleum Reserve | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Strategic Petroleum Reserve Strategic Petroleum Reserve Crude oil pipes at SPR Bryan Mound site near Freeport, TX. Crude oil pipes at SPR Bryan Mound site near Freeport, TX. The...

103

Wear 181-183 (1995) 66g-677 Thermal mounding in high speed dry sliders: experiment, theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ELSEVIER WEAR Wear 181-183 (1995) 66g-677 Thermal mounding in high speed dry sliders: experiment, theory and comparison M.D. Bryant a, Jim-PO Wang a, JawWen Lin b aDepartment of Mechanical Engineering research involving severe wear via thermal mounding in dry sliders (carbon graphite on copper) is presented

Bryant, Michael D.

104

Autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) mapping reveals coral mound distribution, morphology, and oceanography in deep water of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) mapping reveals coral mound distribution, morphology conditions resolving features at the 1­10 m scale are needed. An autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) cruising, G. Rathwell, and J. Luo (2006), Autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) mapping reveals coral mound

Alvarez, Pedro J.

105

Contrasting processes of deposition for the Eagleford "B" sandstone, Bryan, IDS, and Kurten fields, Brazos County, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONTRASTING PROCESSES OF DEPOSITION FOR THE EAGLE FORD B SANDSTONE g BRYAN g I DS g AND KURTEN FIELDS, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis by ROBERT MART IN GOLDI NG I JR Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1990 Major Subject: Geology CONTRASTING PROCESSES OF DEPOSITION FOR THE EAGLEFORD "B" SANDSTONE, BRYAN, IDS, AND KURTEN FI ELDS J BRAZOS COUNTY ~ TEXAS A Thesis...

Golding, Robert Martin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

106

A review of "Judging Maria de Macedo: A Female Visionary and the Inquisition in Early Modern Portugal" by Bryan Givens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reviews 65 Bryan Givens. Judging Maria de Macedo: A Female Visionary and the Inquisition in Early Modern Portugal. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2011. viii + 255 pp. $48.00. Review by #17;#25; #30;#31;#18;#30; #23...;#30;#8;#26;#19;#31;#20;#21;, #28;#31;#18;#8;#23;#25;#21; #16;#20;#29;#27;#8; #29;#27;#18;#17;#30;#31;#26;#18;#19;#16;. In his preface to Judging Maria de Macedo: A Female Visionary and the Inquisition in Early Modern Portugal, Bryan Givens tells us he did not set out to write a...

Hegstrom, Valerie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Integrated process for coalbed brine and methane disposal  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a technology and project to demonstrate and commercialize a brine disposal process for converting the brine stream of a coalbed gas producing site into clean water for agricultural use and dry solids that can be recycled for industrial consumption. The process also utilizes coalbed methane (CBM) released from coal mining for the combustion process thereby substantially reducing the potential for methane emissions to the atmosphere. The technology is ideally suited for the treatment and disposal of produced brines generated from the development of coal mines and coalbed methane resources worldwide. Over the next 10 to 15 years, market potential for brine elimination equipment and services is estimated to be in the range of $1 billion.

Byam, J.W. Jr.; Tait, J.H.; Brandt, H.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

108

Outcrop-Based Reservoir Characterization: A Composite Phylloid-Algal Mound, Western Orogrande Basin (New Mexico)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Orogrande basin. Studied mounds are from the Panther Seep Formation and are of middle Virgilianearliest...W. E. Ham, ed., Classification of car-bonate rocks: AAPG Memoir 1, p. 108121...deposition and patterns of cyclicity of the Panther Seep Formation, southern San An-dres...

Patrick D. Doherty; Gerilyn S. Soreghan; John P. Castagna

109

Floral succession and isotopic diagenesis of the Anahuac Formation at Damon Mound, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Anahuac Formation at Damon Mound, Texas includes a fault block of the Heterostegina limestone (Oligocene), raised to the surface by Cenozoic salt tectonism. Four cores drilled into the reef complex by Dresser Minerals (29-77, 19-77, 19- A-77...

De Freest, Eric Scott

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

The VocalSearch Music Search Engine Bryan Pardo, David Little, Rui Jiang, Hagai Livni, Jinyu Han  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

queries, queries entered as music notation, and text-based lyrics search. Users are also ableThe VocalSearch Music Search Engine Bryan Pardo, David Little, Rui Jiang, Hagai Livni, Jinyu Han@gmail.com ABSTRACT The VocalSearch system is a music search engine developed at Northwestern University and available

Pardo, Bryan

111

ABSORBING WIPP BRINES: A TRU WASTE DISPOSAL STRATEGY  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has completed experiments involving 15 each, 250- liter experimental test containers of transuranic (TRU) heterogeneous waste immersed in two types of brine similar to those found in the underground portion of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). To dispose of the waste without removing the brine from the test containers, LANL added commercially available cross-linked polyacrylate granules to absorb the 190 liters of brine in each container, making the waste compliant for shipping to the WIPP in a Standard Waste Box (SWB). Prior to performing the absorption, LANL and the manufacturer of the absorbent conducted laboratory and field tests to determine the ratio of absorbent to brine that would fully absorb the liquid. Bench scale tests indicated a ratio of 10 parts Castile brine to one part absorbent and 6.25 parts Brine A to one part absorbent. The minimum ratio of absorbent to brine was sought because headspace in the containers was limited. However, full scale testing revealed that the ratio should be adjusted to be about 15% richer in absorbent. Additional testing showed that the absorbent would not apply more than 13.8 kPa pressure on the walls of the vessel and that the absorbent would still function normally at that pressure and would not degrade in the approximately 5e-4 Sv/hr radioactive field produced by the waste. Heat generation from the absorption was minimal. The in situ absorption created a single waste stream of 8 SWBs whereas the least complicated alternate method of disposal would have yielded at least an additional 2600 liters of mixed low level liquid waste plus about two cubic meters of mixed low level solid waste, and would have resulted in higher risk of radiation exposure to workers. The in situ absorption saved $311k in a combination of waste treatment, disposal, material and personnel costs compared to the least expensive alternative and $984k compared to the original plan.

Yeamans, D. R.; Wrights, R. S.

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

112

Absorbing WIPP brines : a TRU waste disposal strategy.  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has completed experiments involving 15 each, 250-liter experimental test containers of transuranic (TRU) heterogeneous waste immersed in two types of brine similar to those found in the underground portion of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). To dispose of the waste without removing the brine from the test containers, LANL added commercially available cross-linked polyacrylate granules to absorb the 190 liters of brine in each container, making the waste compliant for shipping to the WlPP in a Standard Waste Box (SWB). Prior to performing the absorption, LANL and the manufacturer of the absorbent conducted laboratory and field tests to determine the ratio of absorbent to brine that would fully absorb the liquid. Bench scale tests indicated a ratio of 10 parts Castile brine to one part absorbent and 6.25 parts Brine A to one part absorbent. The minimum ratio of absorbent to brine was sought because headspace in the containers was limited. However, full scale testing revealed that the ratio should be adjusted to be about 15% richer in absorbent. Additional testing showed that the absorbent would not apply more than 13.8 kPa pressure on the walls of the vessel and that the absorbent would still function normally at that pressure and would not degrade in the approximately 5e-4 Sv/hr radioactive field produced by the waste. Heat generation from the absorption was minimal. The in situ absorption created a single waste stream of 8 SWBs whereas the least complicated alternate method of disposal would have yielded at least an additional 2600 liters of mixed low level liquid waste plus about two cubic meters of mixed low level solid waste, and would have resulted in higher risk of radiation exposure to workers. The in situ absorption saved $3 1 lk in a combination of waste treatment, disposal, material and personnel costs compared to the least expensive alternative and $984k compared to the original plan.

Yeamans, D. R. (David R.); Wright, R. (Robert)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Strontium isotopic study of subsurface brines from Illinois basin  

SciTech Connect

The abundance of the radiogenic isotope /sup 87/Sr in a subsurface brine can be used as a tracer of brine origin, evolution, and diagenetic effects. The authors have determined the /sup 87/Sr//sup 86/Sr ratios of over 60 oil-field waters from the Illinois basin, where brine origin is perplexing because of the absence of any significant evaporite strata. Initially, they analyzed brines from 15 petroleum-producing sandstone and carbonate units; waters from Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, and Mississippian strata have /sup 87/Sr//sup 86/Sr ratios in the range 0.7079-0.7108. All but those from the Ste. Genevieve Limestone (middle Mississippian) are more radiogenic in /sup 87/Sr//sup 86/Sr than seawater values for this interval of geologic time. The detrital source of the more radiogenic /sup 87/Sr may be the New Albany Shale group, considered to be a major petroleum source rock in the basin. The /sup 87/Sr//sup 86/Sr ratios of Ste. Genevieve brines apparently evolved without a contribution from fluid-shale interaction.

hetherington, E.A.; Stueber, A.M.; Pushkar, P.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

EIS-0302: Transfer of the Heat Source/Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator Assembly and Test Operations From the Mound Site  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EIS analyzes DOE's proposed transfer of the Heat Source/Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (HS/RTG) operations at the Mound Site near Miamisburg, Ohio, to an alternative DOE site.

115

Brine Migration Experimental Studies for Salt Repositories | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Brine Migration Experimental Studies for Salt Repositories Brine Migration Experimental Studies for Salt Repositories Brine Migration Experimental Studies for Salt Repositories Experiments were used to examine water content in Permian salt samples (Salado Formation) collected from the WIPP site. The profile of water release and movement is recognized as a function of temperature from 30 to 275 oC using classical gravimetric methods to measure weight loss as a result of heating. The amount of water released from heating the salt was found to be correlated with the salts accessory mineral content (clay, other secondary minerals lost up to 3 wt % while pure halite salt lost less than 0.5 wt % water). Water released from salt at lower temperature was reversible and is attributed to clay hydration and dehydration processes. The analysis

116

Brine Migration Experimental Studies for Salt Repositories | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Brine Migration Experimental Studies for Salt Repositories Brine Migration Experimental Studies for Salt Repositories Brine Migration Experimental Studies for Salt Repositories Experiments were used to examine water content in Permian salt samples (Salado Formation) collected from the WIPP site. The profile of water release and movement is recognized as a function of temperature from 30 to 275 oC using classical gravimetric methods to measure weight loss as a result of heating. The amount of water released from heating the salt was found to be correlated with the salts accessory mineral content (clay, other secondary minerals lost up to 3 wt % while pure halite salt lost less than 0.5 wt % water). Water released from salt at lower temperature was reversible and is attributed to clay hydration and dehydration processes. The analysis

117

Actinide (III) solubility in WIPP Brine: data summary and recommendations  

SciTech Connect

The solubility of actinides in the +3 oxidation state is an important input into the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) performance assessment (PA) models that calculate potential actinide release from the WIPP repository. In this context, the solubility of neodymium(III) was determined as a function of pH, carbonate concentration, and WIPP brine composition. Additionally, we conducted a literature review on the solubility of +3 actinides under WIPP-related conditions. Neodymium(III) was used as a redox-invariant analog for the +3 oxidation state of americium and plutonium, which is the oxidation state that accounts for over 90% of the potential release from the WIPP through the dissolved brine release (DBR) mechanism, based on current WIPP performance assessment assumptions. These solubility data extend past studies to brine compositions that are more WIPP-relevant and cover a broader range of experimental conditions than past studies.

Borkowski, Marian; Lucchini, Jean-Francois; Richmann, Michael K.; Reed, Donald T.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Cementation process for minerals recovery from Salton Sea geothermal brines  

SciTech Connect

The potential for minerals recovery from a 1000-MWe combined geothermal power and minerals recovery plant in the Salton Sea is examined. While the possible value of minerals recovered would substantially exceed the revenue from power production, information is insufficient to carry out a detailed economic analysis. The recovery of precious metals - silver, gold, and platinum - is the most important factor in determining the economics of a minerals recovery plant; however, the precious metals content of the brines is not certain. Such a power plant could recover 14 to 31% of the US demand for manganese and substantial amounts of zinc and lead. Previous work on minerals extraction from Salton Sea brines is also reviewed and a new process, based on a fluidized-bed cementation reaction with metallic iron, is proposed. This process would recover the precious metals, lead, and tin present in the brines.

Maimoni, A.

1982-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

119

Geothermal Brine Brings Low-Cost Power with Big Potential | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Geothermal Brine Brings Low-Cost Power with Big Potential Geothermal Brine Brings Low-Cost Power with Big Potential January 3, 2014 - 9:05am Addthis John Fox, CEO of Electratherm,...

120

Dickinson field lodgepole reservoir: Significance of this Waulsortian-type mound to exploration in the Williston Basin  

SciTech Connect

Conoco`s No. 74 Dickinson State well, a deep test in Dickinson Field, Stark County, North Dakota, was completed in early 1993 capable of producing over 2,000 BOPD. It represents the first commercial oil production from the Lower Mississippian Lodgepole Formation in the U.S. portion of the Williston Basin. Three additional oil producers have now been completed and this Lodgepole discovery is fully developed. The producing reservoir, at depths of 9,700 to 10,000 ft, is a Waulsortian-type mound approximately 300 ft thick with a characteristic faunal assemblage of bryozoans and crinoids. The mound has an areal extent of slightly more than 1 square mile. Similar Waulsortian-type mounds have been recognized in rocks of Paleozoic age around the world, but have only been reported in the Williston Basin during the past decade. Such mounds are shallow to deep water deposits, tend to develop over structurally or topographically-positive areas, and may form by algal or by current action in conjunction with baffling action caused by bryozoans. The prolific nature of the Conoco discovery, plus several more-recent excellent mound discoveries in this same area, have caused renewed drilling and leasing activity. These events have also encouraged a review of existing seismic data, the shooting of new 3-D seismic programs and re-analysis of wells previously drilled through the Lodgepole Formation for evidence of similar mounds elsewhere in the basin.

Johnson, M.S. [Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Comparison of vegetation found on equal age spoil mounds in Robertson County, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

abiotic variables MOUND VARIABLE GRAVEL SAND SILT CLAY O. M. SLOPE EL ? , 52Q** ? . 7P9** . 623** . 776** . 173 . 6P9** SLOPE O. M. CLAY SILT SAND ? . 562** ? . 273* -. 622** ? . 742*a . 725** , 792** , 4P9** ? . 963** 975** . 741...** , 6pp** 55p** , 315** . 354** SLOPE O. M. CLAY SILT SAND GRAVEL SAND SILT CLAY O. M. SLOPE ? . 217 . 020 ? . 047 . 028 ? . 221 . 283* ? . 466** . 071 ? . 462** ? . 206 . 415** . 268 . 433** . 066 -, 5P7** ? . 260 ? . 635e...

Mayes, Thorpe Ambrose

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

122

Uranium (VI) solubility in carbonate-free ERDA-6 brine  

SciTech Connect

When present, uranium is usually an element of importance in a nuclear waste repository. In the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), uranium is the most prevalent actinide component by mass, with about 647 metric tons to be placed in the repository. Therefore, the chemistry of uranium, and especially its solubility in the WIPP conditions, needs to be well determined. Long-term experiments were performed to measure the solubility of uranium (VI) in carbonate-free ERDA-6 brine, a simulated WIPP brine, at pC{sub H+} values between 8 and 12.5. These data, obtained from the over-saturation approach, were the first repository-relevant data for the VI actinide oxidation state. The solubility trends observed pointed towards low uranium solubility in WIPP brines and a lack of amphotericity. At the expected pC{sub H+} in the WIPP ({approx} 9.5), measured uranium solubility approached 10{sup -7} M. The objective of these experiments was to establish a baseline solubility to further investigate the effects of carbonate complexation on uranium solubility in WIPP brines.

Lucchini, Jean-francois [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Khaing, Hnin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reed, Donald T [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

African-American food and social relations in Bryan, Texa: a culinary ethnography at the community cafe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the community's youth. He taught them reading skills and "the black history they don't teach in school, " At our first meeting (October 1995), Delbert was promoting Louis Farrakhan's 'Million Man March, " and planning services for the seven-day festival... had also been considering alternative routes for the senator's commemoration. While the senator's commemoration remains an unrealized project in the City of Bryan, progress was made at TAMU when the President's Advisory Committee on Art Policy...

Markowitz, Bradford Alan

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Oil production enhancement through a standardized brine treatment. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In order to permit the environmentally safe discharge of brines produced from oil wells in Pennsylvania to the surface waters of the Commonwealth and to rapidly brings as many wells as possible into compliance with the law, the Pennsylvania Oil and Gas Association (POGAM) approached the Pennsylvania State University to develop a program designed to demonstrate that a treatment process to meet acceptable discharge conditions and effluent limitations can be standardized for all potential stripper wells brine discharge. After the initial studies, the first phase of this project was initiated. A bench-scale prototype model was developed for conducting experiments in laboratory conditions. The experiments pursued in the laboratory conditions were focused on the removal of ferrous iron from synthetically made brine. Iron was selected as the primary heavy metals for studying the efficiency of the treatment process. The results of a number of experiments in the lab were indicative of the capability of the proposed brine treatment process in the removal of iron. Concurrent with the laboratory experiments, a comprehensive and extensive kinetic study was initiated. This study was necessary to provide the required data base for process modeling. This study included the investigation of the critical pH as well as the rate and order of reactions of the studied elements: aluminum, lead, zinc, and copper. In the second phase of this project, a field-based prototype was developed to evaluate and demonstrate the treatment process effectiveness. These experiments were conducted under various conditions and included the testing on five brines from different locations with various dissolved constituents. The outcome of this research has been a software package, currently based on iron`s reactivity, to be used for design purposes. The developed computer program was refined as far as possible using the results from laboratory and field experiments.

Adewumi, A.; Watson, R.; Tian, S.; Safargar, S.; Heckman, S.; Drielinger, I.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

EIS-0075: Strategic Petroleum Reserve Phase III Development, Texoma and Seaway Group Salt Domes (West Hackberry and Bryan Mound Expansion, Big Hill Development) Cameron Parish, Louisiana, and Brazoria and Jefferson Counties, Texas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Also see EIS-0021 and EIS-0029. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Office developed this EIS to assess the environmental impacts of expanding the existing SPR storage capacity from 538 million to 750 million barrels of storage and increasing the drawdown capability from 3.5 million to 4.5 million barrels per day. This EIS incorperates two previously issued EISs: DOE/EIS-0021, Seaway Group of Salt Domes, and DOE/EIS-0029, Texoma Group of Salt Domes.

126

Independent Review of the July 8, 2010 Fatality at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Bryan Mound Site- May 25, 2011 Addendum closing the Investigation based upon the Galveston County Medical Examiner's Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In consultation with the Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy (FE), the Chief Health, Safety and Security Officer appointed an Independent Review Board (IRE3) on July 20,201 0, under the provisions of the Department of Energy (DOE) Order 225.1 A, Accident Investigations, that represented a modified Type A accident investigation.

127

A comparative study of analytical models to estimate the LNAPL mound formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fringe) (3. 33) Solving the above equation for D(r) gives D(r) = 6, ? ln( ? ) AQ r rrK, r, r;&r&r, (3. 34) where p~ pw po (3. 35) D(r) h, thickness of oil lens at radial distance r (L) thickness of capillary fringe (L) leakage amount (L... OF SCIENCE December 1994 Major Subject: Civil Engineering A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ANAI, YTICAI, MODELS TO ES'IIMATE THE LNAPL MOUND FORMATION A Thesis ASHFAO AHMED Submitted to Texas AM1 University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for t, hc...

Ahmed, Ashfaq

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

2 INVESTIGATION OF CRUDE OIL/BRINE/ROCK INTERACTION 2.1 EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CRUDE/BRINE/ROCK INTERACTION AT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTERACTION AT RESERVOIR CONDITIONS 2.1.1 Introduction In the previous section, the fluid/rock interactions in this section and expand the understanding of the interactions of the Spraberry reservoir rock, oil and brine, brine displacement and rock wettability using low permeability Spraberry cores. A schematic

Schechter, David S.

129

Characterization of a soil contaminated by oilfield brine  

SciTech Connect

Brine contamination of soil is a common environmental problem associated with the onshore production of oil and gas. A site of extensive contamination in Oklahoma has been characterized using conductimetry, direct potentiometry (pH- and chloride-selective electrodes), and atomic absorption spectrophotometry (for Na{sup +} and Ca{sup 2+}) to determine the extent of the contamination and the efficacy of various remediation technologies.

Al-Mutairi, K.; Harris, T. [Univ. of Tulsa, OH (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Modeling acid-gas generation from boiling chloride brines  

SciTech Connect

This study investigates the generation of HCl and other acid gases from boiling calcium chloride dominated waters at atmospheric pressure, primarily using numerical modeling. The main focus of this investigation relates to the long-term geologic disposal of nuclear waste at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, where pore waters around waste-emplacement tunnels are expected to undergo boiling and evaporative concentration as a result of the heat released by spent nuclear fuel. Processes that are modeled include boiling of highly concentrated solutions, gas transport, and gas condensation accompanied by the dissociation of acid gases, causing low-pH condensate. Simple calculations are first carried out to evaluate condensate pH as a function of HCl gas fugacity and condensed water fraction for a vapor equilibrated with saturated calcium chloride brine at 50-150 C and 1 bar. The distillation of a calcium-chloride-dominated brine is then simulated with a reactive transport model using a brine composition representative of partially evaporated calcium-rich pore waters at Yucca Mountain. Results show a significant increase in boiling temperature from evaporative concentration, as well as low pH in condensates, particularly for dynamic systems where partial condensation takes place, which result in enrichment of HCl in condensates. These results are in qualitative agreement with experimental data from other studies. The combination of reactive transport with multicomponent brine chemistry to study evaporation, boiling, and the potential for acid gas generation at the proposed Yucca Mountain repository is seen as an improvement relative to previously applied simpler batch evaporation models. This approach allows the evaluation of thermal, hydrological, and chemical (THC) processes in a coupled manner, and modeling of settings much more relevant to actual field conditions than the distillation experiment considered. The actual and modeled distillation experiments do not represent expected conditions in an emplacement drift, but nevertheless illustrate the potential for acid-gas generation at moderate temperatures (<150 C).

Zhang, Guoxiang; Spycher, Nicolas; Sonnenthal, Eric; Steefel, Carl

2009-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

131

Nanofiltration separation of polyvalent and monovalent anions in desalination brines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work, as part of a global membrane process for the recovery of alkali and acids from reverse osmosis (RO) desalination brines, focuses on the nanofiltration (NF) separation of polyvalent and monovalent anions, more specifically sulfate and chloride. This pretreatment stage plays a key role in the whole recovery process. Working with model brines simulating the concentration of RO concentrates, 0.2–1.2 M chloride concentration and 0.1 M sulfate concentration, the experimental performance and modeling of the NF separation is reported. The study has been carried out with the NF270 (Dow Filmtec) membrane. The effect of operating pressure (500–2000 kPa), ionic strength (0.4–1.3 M) and chloride initial concentration (0.2–1.2 M) on the membrane separation capacity has been investigated. Finally, the Donnan Steric Pore Model (DSPM) together with experimentally determined parameters, effective pore radius (rp), thickness of the membrane effective layer (?) and effective membrane charge density (Xd), was proved accurate enough to satisfactorily describe the experimental results. In this work we provide for the first time the analysis of partitioning effects and transport mechanism in the NF separation of sulfate and chloride anions in concentrations that simulate those found in RO desalination brines.

A. Pérez-González; R. Ibáńez; P. Gómez; A.M. Urtiaga; I. Ortiz; J.A. Irabien

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Focused risk assessment: Mound Plant, Miami-Erie Canal Operable Unit 4  

SciTech Connect

In 1969, an underground waste line at Mound Plant ruptured and released plutonium-238 in a dilute nitric acid solution to the surrounding soils. Most of the acid was neutralized by the native soils. The plutonium, which in a neutral solution is tightly sorbed onto clay particles, remained within the spill area. During remediation, a severe storm eroded some of the contaminated soil. Fine grained plutonium-contaminated clay particles were carried away through the natural drainage courses to the remnants of the Miami-Erie Canal adjacent to Mound Plant, and then into the Great Miami River. This focused risk assessment considers exposure pathways relevant to site conditions, including incidental ingestion of contaminated soils, ingestion of drinking water and fish, and inhalation of resuspended soils and sediments. For each potential exposure pathway, a simplified conceptual model and exposure scenarios have been used to develop conservative estimates of potential radiation dose equivalents and health risks. The conservatism of the dose and risk estimates provides a substantive margin of safety in assuring that the public health is protected.

Rogers, D.R.; Dunning, D.F.

1994-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

133

Brine pH Modification Scale Control Technology. 2. A Review.pdf | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brine pH Modification Scale Control Technology. 2. A Review.pdf Brine pH Modification Scale Control Technology. 2. A Review.pdf Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Brine pH Modification Scale Control Technology. 2. A Review.pdf Abstract A variety of processes has been deployed at geothermalfields to inhibit or control siliceous scale deposition. It has beenknown for decades that the kinetics of silicic acid polymerizationis retarded when the pH of an aqueous solution is decreased.Therefore, a potential method for controlling siliceous scalingfrom geothermal brine is treatment with acid. Early attempts tocontrol siliceous scaling in geothermal brine-handling equipmentby retarding polymerization led to the belief that the pHhad to be reduced to < 4. Acidifying brine was discourageddue to corrosion concerns.

134

Don Juan Pond, Antarctica: Near-surface CaCl2-brine feeding Earth's most saline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Don Juan Pond, Antarctica: Near-surface CaCl2-brine feeding Earth's most saline lake for RSL formation, CaCl2 brines and chloride deposits in basins may provide clues to the origin of ancient,2,10­14 , the composition of the brine is unlike any other body of water in the world, as ,90% of the salt is CaCl2 1

Marchant, David R.

135

A cost-effective statistical screening method to detect oilfield brine contamination  

SciTech Connect

A statistical screening method has been developed using Tolerance Limits for barium (Ba{sup +2}) to identify contamination of a fresh-water aquifer by oilfield brines. The method requires an understanding of the local hydrochemistry of oilfield brines, inexpensive, Publicly available hydrochemical data, a single sample analysis from the suspect well and the application of a simple statistical procedure. While this method may not provide absolute evidence of oilfield brine contamination of a fresh-water aquifer, it does identify conditions where brine contamination is a strong probability over other possible sources of chlorides.

Alyanak, N.; Grace, J.T.; Campbell, M.D. [United Resources International, Houston, TX (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

The development of appropriate brine electrolysers for disinfection of rural water supplies .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A comparative study of electrolysers using different anodic materials for the electrolysis of brine (sodium chloride) for the production of sodium hypochlorite as a source… (more)

Siguba, Maxhobandile

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Audit of the Department of Energy's Grant for Economic Development at the Mound Plant, ER-B-97-02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL AUDIT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S GRANT FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AT THE MOUND PLANT The Office of Inspector General wants to make the distribution of its reports as customer friendly and cost effective as possible. Therefore, this report will be available electronically through the Internet at the following alternative addresses:

138

Conclusions after eleven years of studying brine at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) was established to demonstrate the safe disposal of defense-generated transuranic waste in the United States. When excavations began at the WIPP in 1982, small brine seepages (weeps) were observed on the walls. WIPP performance assessment activities raised the concern that the brine could cause anoxic corrosion of metal in the waste storage drums and waste inventory, potentially producing large quantities of hydrogen gas, which would affect the long-term performance of Thee repository. Th WIPP Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program was developed to investigate the origins, hydraulic characteristics, extent, and composition of brine occurrences. The WIPP is excavated in the Salado Formation, which is bedded salt of Permian age. The sediments exposed in the excavations consist of clear halite and polyhalitic halite, halite containing clay, thin clay seams, and interbedded anhydrite layers. The clear halite beds contain little brine and are effectively impermeable. The clay within the salt and in the clay seams contains brine that is released to the excavations, although virtually all of the brine release occurs within the first few years of mining. Consequently, by the time the waste storage rooms at the WIPP are filled and sealed, most of the brine that can be derived from the clay will have evaporated. These is no observed evidence from the WIPP excavations that brine will seep into the working from the anhydrite beds. It has been postulated, however, that brine could seep through the underlying anhydrite Marker Bed 139 (MB139). Recently acquired data on the hydrologic properties of MB139 show that, even if flow through the anhydrite occurs, the brine released to the storage rooms could only corrode a small percentage of the susceptible metal in the repository.

Deal, D.E. [IT Corporation, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Bills, R.A. [Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

139

Isolation of Halobacterium salinarum retrieved directly from halite brine inclusions  

SciTech Connect

Halite crystals were selected from a 186m subsurface core taken from the Badwater salt pan, Death Valley, California to ascertain if halophilic Archaea and their associated 16S rDNA can survive over several tens of thousands of years. Using a combined microscope microdrill/micropipette system, fluids from brine inclusions were aseptically extracted from primary, hopper texture, halite crystals from 8 and 85 metres below the surface (mbls). U-Th disequilibrium dating indicates that these halite layers were deposited at 9600 and 97000 years before present (ybp) respectively.

Mormile, Melanie R.; Biesen, Michelle A.; Gutierrez, M. Carmen; Ventosa, Antonio; Pavlovich, Justin B.; Onstott, T C.; Fredrickson, Jim K.

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Reverse osmosis process successfully converts oil field brine into freshwater  

SciTech Connect

A state-of-the-art process in the San Ardo oil field converted produced brine into freshwater. The conversion process used chemical clarification, softening, filtration, and reverse osmosis (RO). After extensive testing resolved RO membrane fouling problems, the pilot plant successfully handled water with about 7,000 mg/l. of total dissolved solids, 250 mg/l. silica, and 170 mg/l. soluble oil. The treated water complies with the stringent California drinking water standard. The paper describes water reclamation, the San Ardo process, stability, reverse osmosis membrane fouling, membranes at high pH, water quality, and costs.

Tao, F.T.; Curtice, S.; Hobbs, R.D.; Sides, J.L.; Wieser, J.D. (Texaco Inc., Bellaire, TX (United States)); Dyke, C.A.; Tuohey, D. (Texaco Inc., Beacon, NY (United States)); Pilger, P.F. (Texaco E and P Inc., Denver, CO (United States))

1993-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Geochemistry of Salado Formation brines recovered from the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) repository  

SciTech Connect

Intergranular brines recovered from the repository horizon of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) have major- and trace-element compositions that reflect seawater evaporation and diagenetic processes. Brines obtained from repository drill holes are heterogenous with respect to composition, but their compositional fields are distinct from those obtained from fluid inclusions in WIPP halite. The heterogeneity of brine compositions within the drill-hole population indicates a lack of mixing and fluid homogenization within the salt at the repository level. Compositional differences between intergranular (drill hole) and intragranular (fluid inclusions) brines is attributed to isolation of the latter from diagenetic fluids that were produced from dehydration reactions involving gypsum and clay minerals. Modeling of brine-rock equilibria indicates that equilibration with evaporite minerals controls the concentrations of major elements in the brine. Drill-hole brines are in equilibrium with the observed repository minerals halite, anhydrite, magnesite, polyhalite and quartz. The equilibrium model supports the derivation of drill-hole brines from near-field fluid, rather than large-scale vertical migration of fluids from the overlying Rustler or underlying Castile Formations. 13 refs., 6 figs., 6 tabs.

Abitz, R.; Myers, J.; Drez, P.; Deal, D.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Dynamics and storage of brine in mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamics and storage of brine in mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal systems Fabrice J. Fontaine1 substantially different from seawater as a result of phase separation and segregation of the resulting vapor below seawater for over a decade, which raises important questions concerning the fate of brines

Wilcock, William

143

NEW MARINE DECAPOD CRUSTACEANS FROM WATERS INFLUENCED BY HYDROmERMAL DISCHARGE, BRINE, AND HYDROCARBON SEEPAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and waters influenced by brine and hydrocarbon seeps continue to yield species new to science. Such enNEW MARINE DECAPOD CRUSTACEANS FROM WATERS INFLUENCED BY HYDROmERMAL DISCHARGE, BRINE, AND HYDROCARBON SEEPAGE AUSTIN B. WILLIAMS} ABSTRACT Five species of decapod crustaceans new to science

144

RIS-M-2260 HEAT GRADIENT INDUCED MIGRATION OF BRINE INCLUSIONS IN ROCK SALT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;#12;- 5 - 1. INTRODUCTION The storage of heat producing radioactive waste in rock salt, will produce of the brine migration under influence of the decreasing heat production in the waste. A general expressionRISĂ?-M-2260 HEAT GRADIENT INDUCED MIGRATION OF BRINE INCLUSIONS IN ROCK SALT Mathematical treatment

145

Brine flow up a borehole caused by pressure perturbation from CO2 storage: Static and dynamic evaluations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

brine in the wellbore up to the base of the freshwater aquifer and would thereby lead to contamination.

Birkholzer, J.T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Origin of the oil-field brines in the Paris basin  

SciTech Connect

From Br{sup {minus}}/Cl{sup {minus}} ratios coupled with stable-isotope compositions, the components of deep sedimentary brines - namely, primary and secondary brines (from dissolving evaporites) and diluting waters of meteoric origin - can be identified, and in favorable cases, their respective proportions can be quantified. Dilution of primary marine brines (mother liquors of halite) by meteoric waters has occurred in the Dogger and the Keuper aquifers. The presence of highly saline brines (molality of Cl{sup {minus}} = 3.9) in the Rhaetian aquifer may be due to dissolution of primary marine halite by sea water with minor contributions of primary brines. The resulting mixture is diluted by meteoric circulation.

Matray, J.M. (Service Geochimie Minerale, Pau (France)); Fontes, J.C. (Universite de Paris-Sud, Orsay (France))

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

In cooperation with Fort Peck Tribes Office of Environmental Protection Delineation of Brine Contamination in and near the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;#12;Delineation of Brine Contamination in and near the East Poplar Oil Field, Fort Peck Indian Reservation citation: Thamke, J.N., and Smith, B.D., 2014, Delineation of brine contamination in and near the EastIn cooperation with Fort Peck Tribes Office of Environmental Protection Delineation of Brine

Torgersen, Christian

148

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BM-MM-1152A  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

152A 152A Title: BM Brine Disposal Pump Replacement (GFE) Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, materials, tools, equipment, supervision, and transportation required to supply two pumps to replace the existing Bryan Mound brine disposal pumps, BMP-115 and BMP-116. Task include providing two completely assembled brine disposal pumps with base and motor as government furnished equipment (GFE). Installation of the pumps will be performed by others. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

149

The brine underlying the Oak Ridge Reservation, Tennessee, USA: Characterization, genesis, and environmental implications  

SciTech Connect

The deep hydrogeologic system underlying the Oak Ridge Atomic Reservation contains brine. Its origin was assessed using existing and newly acquired chemical and isotopic data. The proposed model which best fits the data is modification of residual brine from which halite has been precipitated. Potential sources for this brine are in the Appalachian Mountains in the east, where bedded halite is documented, and where the hydraulic gradient needed to move the residual brine exists. Other models, such as ultrafiltration and halite dissolution, were also evaluated. In places, contaminants such as radionuclides, heavy metals, nitrates, and organic compounds have reached the deep system. The chemical and isotopic features of the brine were examined with respect to its potential discharge, contaminated in places, into shallow, freshwater systems. The observations suggest that whereas the origin of the salts in the brine may be very old, influx of recent water takes place. Consequently, the brine is not isolated (in terms of recharge and discharge) from the overlying active and fresh-water-bearing units. 78 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

Nativ, R. [Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, Rehovot (Israel)] [Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, Rehovot (Israel)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Brine inclusions in halite and the origin of the Middle Devonian Prairie evaporites of Western Canada  

SciTech Connect

Brines were extracted from fluid inclusions in Lower Salt halite of the Middle Devonian Prairie Formation in Saskatchewan, Canada. The brines were analyzed by ion chromatography and were found to be of the Na-K-Mg-Ca-Cl type. They do not fall along a simple evaporation trend. Brines from clear, diagenetic halite are significantly lower in Na{sup +} and higher in Mg{sup 2+}, and Cl{sup {minus}} than brines from cloudy, subaqueously formed halite with chevron structures. The isotopic composition of strontium and sulfur in anhydrite associated with the halites was found to be the same as that of Middle Devonian seawater. The composition of the inclusion brines can be derived from that of modern seawater by evaporation, extensive dolomitization of limestone, and albitization of clay minerals. Other evolution paths are, however, also feasible, and it is impossible to rule out effects due to the addition of nonmarine waters (hydrothermal solutions, surface runoff, and groundwater), or dissolutional recycling of existing evaporites within the Prairie evaporite basin. These analyses and published data on brine inclusions in halite from a number of Phanerozoid evaporite deposits show that the Na-K-Mg-Ca-Cl type brine is more common than the Na-K-Mg-Cl-SO{sub 4} type, which is expected from evaporation of modern seawater.

Horita, J. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Chemical and Analytical Sciences Div.; Weinberg, A.; Das, N.; Holland, H.D. [Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Experience with minerals recovery from geothermal and other brines  

SciTech Connect

The commercial extraction of minerals from geothermal fluids is not a novelty, although there appear to be no current commercial activities. Products which have been commercially recovered from geothermal fluids include NaC1, CaC1/sub 2/, H/sub 3/BO/sub 3/, and NH/sub 3/. Sites of significant commercial activity include Larderello, Italy and the Imperial Valley in California. Furthermore, a few pilot-plant systems have been tested for this purpose. Commercial recovery from natural non-geothermal brines has a long history, which may have implications for geothermal energy applications. The technical feasibility and economic benefits of large-scale minerals production in conjunction with geothermal energy exploitation remain speculative. In any case, the uncertainties can be resolved only on a site- and product-specific basis.

Crane, C.H.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Independent Review of the July 8, 2010 Fatality at the Strategic...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Independent Review of the July 8, 2010 Fatality at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Bryan Mound Site - May 25, 2011 Addendum closing the Investigation based upon the Galveston...

153

MLM-462 Contract Number AT-33-l-GtiN-53 MOUND LABORATCRY Operatsd By  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

This Doeumr;t Consists of 116 ?zges This Doeumr;t Consists of 116 ?zges This is COPY of i.3 k MLM-462 Contract Number AT-33-l-GtiN-53 MOUND LABORATCRY Operatsd By MONSAmOC~ALGoMPANY MIAMISBURG, OHIO REPORT NO. 3 OF STIEUING CaW'M'B FOR DISPUSAL CF UNITS 111 AND IV (Completion Report for Disposal of UrLt IV, Runnymeade Road sr,d Dixon live. Dayton, Ohlo) . Date: April 17, 1950 Prepared By: -36L254- F. L. Halbach Chairnan., St33ricg Gcicmittes 1ssue.d: DISTRIHJTION copy 1. - Dr. Carroll A. Hochwalt copy 2. - Dr. M. M. Haring copy 3. - Dr. J. J. Ehmbage COPY 4. - Mr. F. L. Halbach . - Copy 5. - 5 '3 . . ., I Copy 6. - Area Ahmger COPY 7. - Area Y@mger CWY 8. - Area Qinagsr copy 9. - Area Ydager CT -Files&?& d3i' V.-u c 4. copy 11. - Central Files i copy 12. - Central Files

154

Efficacy of Ultraviolet Light and Antimicrobials to Reduce Listeria monocytogenes in Chill Brines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Chill brines used in ready-to-eat meat processing may be an important source of post-processing contamination by Listeria monocytogenes. The purpose of this study was to… (more)

Parikh, Priti P.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Remediation of brine-contaminated soil using calcium nitrate, gypsum, and straw.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Salt-affected soils from point source brine contamination are common in the active oil field in SE Saskatchewan. A remediation process that included dewatering by sub-surface… (more)

Nielsen, Jennifer I.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Hybrid electrodialysis reverse osmosis system design and its optimization for treatment of highly saline brines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The demand is rising for desalination technologies to treat highly saline brines arising from hydraulic fracturing processes and inland desalination. Interest is growing in the use of electrical desalination technologies ...

McGovern, Ronan Killian

157

E-Print Network 3.0 - acartia tonsa brine Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for: acartia tonsa brine Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Vol. 114: 203-208,1994 MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Summary: . divergens attacking it. Ingestion rates of P, cf....

158

Proper use of sodium bisulfite with minimal salt penetration during brine immersion freezing of shrimp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROPER USE OF SODIUM BISULFITE WITH MINIMAL SALT PENETRATION DURING BRINE IMMERSION FREEZING OF SHRIMP A Thesis by SUZANNE RENE BROUSSARD Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the reguirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE MAY 1988 OC o Z m Z IJ III s Z Major Subject: Food Science and Technology PROPER USE OF SODIUM BISULFITE WITH MINIMAL SALT PENETRATION DURING BRINE IMMERSION FREEZING OF SHRIMP A Thesis by SUZANNE RENE...

Broussard, Suzanne Rene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

159

The effects of an ambient salinity gradient on the dilution of dense brine jets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE EFFECTS OF AN AMBIENT SALINITY GRADIENT ON THE DILUTION OF DENSE BRINE JETS A Thesis by GARY WAYNE MCCULLOUGH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1986 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering THE EFFECTS OF AN AMBIENT SALINITY GRADIENT ON THE DILUTION OF DENSE BRINE JETS A Thesis by GARY NAYNE MCCULLOUGH Approved as to style and content by: Robert E. Randall (Chair of Committee...

McCullough, Gary Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

160

New Energy Efficient Method for Cleaning Oilfield Brines with Carbon Dioxide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NEW ENERGY EFFICIENT METHOD FOR CLEANING OILFIELD BRINES WITH CARBON DIOXIDE C. T. LITTLE A. F. SEIBERT Research Engineer Technical Manager Amoco Oil Company Separations Research Program Naperville, Illinois The University of Texas Austin... dioxide to clean oilfield brines. The new treatment method, described in this work, is actually an enhancement of existing gas flotation technology. The enhancement results from the use of carbon dioxide as the sweeping gas combined with its ability...

Little, C. T.; Seibert, A. F.; Bravo, J. L.; Fair, J. R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Recovery of energy from geothermal brine and other hot water sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Process and system for recovery of energy from geothermal brines and other hot water sources, by direct contact heat exchange between the brine or hot water, and an immiscible working fluid, e.g. a hydrocarbon such as isobutane, in a heat exchange column, the brine or hot water therein flowing countercurrent to the flow of the working fluid. The column can be operated at subcritical, critical or above the critical pressure of the working fluid. Preferably, the column is provided with a plurality of sieve plates, and the heat exchange process and column, e.g. with respect to the design of such plates, number of plates employed, spacing between plates, area thereof, column diameter, and the like, are designed to achieve maximum throughput of brine or hot water and reduction in temperature differential at the respective stages or plates between the brine or hot water and the working fluid, and so minimize lost work and maximize efficiency, and minimize scale deposition from hot water containing fluid including salts, such as brine. Maximum throughput approximates minimum cost of electricity which can be produced by conversion of the recovered thermal energy to electrical energy.

Wahl, III, Edward F. (Claremont, CA); Boucher, Frederic B. (San Juan Capistrano, CA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Numerical simulations of lab-scale brine-water mixing experiments.  

SciTech Connect

Laboratory-scale experiments simulating the injection of fresh water into brine in a Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) cavern were performed at Sandia National Laboratories for various conditions of injection rate and small and large injection tube diameters. The computational fluid dynamic (CFD) code FLUENT was used to simulate these experiments to evaluate the predictive capability of FLUENT for brine-water mixing in an SPR cavern. The data-model comparisons show that FLUENT simulations predict the mixing plume depth reasonably well. Predictions of the near-wall brine concentrations compare very well with the experimental data. The simulated time for the mixing plume to reach the vessel wall was underpredicted for the small injection tubes but reasonable for the large injection tubes. The difference in the time to reach the wall is probably due to the three-dimensional nature of the mixing plume as it spreads out at the air-brine or oil-brine interface. The depth of the mixing plume as it spreads out along the interface was within a factor of 2 of the experimental data. The FLUENT simulation results predict the plume mixing accurately, especially the water concentration when the mixing plume reaches the wall. This parameter value is the most significant feature of the mixing process because it will determine the amount of enhanced leaching at the oil-brine interface.

Khalil, Imane; Webb, Stephen Walter

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Chemical analyses of geothermal waters and Strategic Petroleum Reserve brines for metals of economic importance  

SciTech Connect

Waters from seven hydrothermal-geothermal, one geopressured-geothermal, and six Strategic Petroleum Reserve wells have been surveyed for 12 metals of economic importance using trace chemical analysis techniques. The elements sought were Cr, Co, Mn, Ta, Sn, V, Nb, Li, Sr, Pt, Au and Ag. Platinum was found at a concentration of approx. 50 ppb in a brine from the Salton Sea geothermal area. Brine from this region, as has been known from previous studies, is also rich in Li, Sr and Mn. Higher concentrations (approx. 900 ppm) of Sr are found in the high-salinity geopressured brines. None of the fluids contained interesting concentrations of the other metals. Good recovery of precious metals at sub-ppm concentrations from synthetic high salinity brines was achieved using Amborane reductive resin, but similar recovery in the laboratory using real brines could not be demonstrated. Several analytical techniques were compared in sensitivity for the determination of the precious metals; neutron activation analysis with carrier separation is the best for gold and platinum in geothermal brines. 26 references, 7 tables.

Harrar, J.E.; Raber, E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Brine Sampling and Evaluation Program 1992--1993 report and summary of BSEP data since 1982  

SciTech Connect

This report is the last one that is currently scheduled in the sequence of reports of new data, and therefore, also includes summary comments referencing important data obtained by BSEP since 1983. These BSEP activities document and investigate the origins, hydraulic characteristics, extent, and composition of brine occurrences in the Permian Salado Formation and seepage of that brine into the excavations at the (WIPP) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. A project concern is that enough brine might be present after sealing and closure to generate large quantities of hydrogen gas by corroding the metal in the waste drums and waste inventory. This report describes progress made during the calendar years 1992 and 1993 and focuses on four major areas: (1) monitoring of brine inflow, e.g., measuring brines recovered from holes drilled downward from the underground drifts (downholes), upward from the underground drifts (upholes), and from subhorizontal holes from the underground drifts; (2) observations of weeps in the Air Intake Shaft (AIS); (3) further characterization of brine geochemistry; and (4) additional characterization of the hydrologic conditions in the fractured zone beneath the excavations.

Deal, D.E.; Abitz, R.J. [I. T. Corp., Carlsbad, NM (United States); Belski, D.S. [USDOE Albuquerque Operations Office, Carlsbad, NM (United States). Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Project Office

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Brine clarity maintenance in salinity-gradient solar ponds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Brine transparency is an important part of the maintenance of a salinity-gradient solar pond as it affects the amount of solar radiation reaching the storage zone and hence has an influence on the thermal performance. There is a wide range of factors that can hinder the transmission of light in a solar pond. Algal and microbial growths are the most common problems encountered in working solar ponds and control of their densities is essential to maintain transparency. Two different chemical treatment methods for algae growth prevention are described in this paper: chlorine and a novel chemical product – copper ethylamine complex. The latter method has never been implemented previously in a working pond. This paper discusses the theory of the algae control methods used and presents the experimental results of the chemical treatments. The results showed that Cupricide is more effective than chlorine and is therefore the recommended chemical for algae control in solar ponds; it improves the water transparency especially in the upper convective zone and lower convective zone with all measurement values less than 1 NTU. Chlorine was found to be more corrosive than Cupricide due to the acidic effect it has on the pH. The preliminary cost analysis showed that granular chlorine is the cheapest chemical. A more detailed financial analysis is nevertheless required to refine these costs.

Neus Gasulla; Yusli Yaakob; Jimmy Leblanc; Aliakbar Akbarzadeh; Jose Luis Cortina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Anomalous seafloor mounds in the northern Natal Valley, southwest Indian Ocean: Implications for the East African Rift System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Natal Valley (southwest Indian Ocean) has a complicated and protracted opening history, as has the surrounding southwest Indian Ocean. Recently collected multibeam swath bathymetry and 3.5 kHz seismic data from the Natal Valley reveal anomalous seafloor mounds in the northern Natal Valley. The significance, of these domes, as recorders of the geological history of the Natal Valley and SE African Margin has been overlooked with little attempt made to identify their origin, evolution or tectonic significance. This paper aims to describe these features from a morphological perspective and to use their occurrence as a means to better understand the geological and oceanographic evolution of this basin. The seafloor mounds are distinct in both shallow seismic and morphological character from the surrounding seafloor of the Natal Valley. Between 25 km and 31 km long, and 16 km and 18 km wide, these features rise some 400 m above the sedimentary deposits that have filled in the Natal Valley. Such macro-scale features have not previously been described from the Natal Valley or from other passive margins globally. They are not the result of bottom water circulation, salt tectonics; rather, igneous activity is favoured as the origin for these anomalous seafloor features. We propose a hypothesis that the anomalous seafloor mounds observed in the Natal Valley are related to igneous activity associated with the EARS. The complicated opening history and antecedent geology, coupled with the southward propagation of the East African Rift System creates a unique setting where continental rift associated features have been developed in a marine setting.

Errol Wiles; Andrew Green; Mike Watkeys; Wilfried Jokat; Ralph Krocker

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

West Hackberry Strategic Petroleum Reserve site brine-disposal monitoring, Year I report. Volume III. Biological oceanography. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program began discharging brine into the Gulf of Mexico from its West Hackberry site near Cameron, Louisiana in May 1981. The brine originates from underground salt domes being leached with water from the Intracoastal Waterway, making available vast underground storage caverns for crude oil. The effects of brine discharge on aquatic organisms are presented in this volume. The topics covered are: benthos; nekton; phytoplankton; zooplankton; and data management.

DeRouen, L.R.; Hann, R.W.; Casserly, D.M.; Giammona, C.; Lascara, V.J. (eds.)

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Summary Results for Brine Migration Modeling Performed by LANL, LBNL and SNL for the Used Fuel Disposition Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The report summarizes laboratory and field observations and numerical modeling related to coupledprocesses involving brine and vapor migration in geologic salt, focusing on recent developments and...

169

The depth of the oil/brine interface and crude oil leaks in SPR caverns  

SciTech Connect

Monitoring wellhead pressure evolution is the best method of detecting crude oil leaks in SPR caverns while oil/brine interface depth measurements provide additional insight. However, to fully utilize the information provided by these interface depth measurements, a thorough understanding of how the interface movement corresponds to cavern phenomena, such as salt creep, crude oil leakage, and temperature equilibration, as well as to wellhead pressure, is required. The time evolution of the oil/brine interface depth is a function of several opposing factors. Cavern closure due to salt creep and crude oil leakage, if present, move the interface upward. Brine removal and temperature equilibration of the oil/brine system move the interface downward. Therefore, the relative magnitudes of these factors determine the net direction of interface movement. Using a mass balance on the cavern fluids, coupled with a simplified salt creep model for closure in SPR caverns, the movement of the oil/brine interface has been predicted for varying cavern configurations, including both right-cylindrical and carrot-shaped caverns. Three different cavern depths and operating pressures have been investigated. In addition, the caverns were investigated at four different points in time, allowing for varying extents of temperature equilibration. Time dependent interface depth changes of a few inches to a few feet were found to be characteristic of the range of cases studied. 5 refs, 19 figs., 1 tab.

Heffelfinger, G.S.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Fate of Brine Applied to Unpaved Roads at a Radioactive Waste Subsurface Disposal Area  

SciTech Connect

Between 1984 and 1993, MgCl2 brine was used to suppress dust on unpaved roads at a radioactive waste subsurface disposal area. Because Cl– might enhance corrosion of buried metals in the waste, we investigated the distribution and fate of Cl– in the vadose zone using pore water samples collected from suction lysimeters and soluble salt concentrations extracted from sediment samples. The Cl/Br mass ratio and the total dissolved Cl– concentration of pore water show that brine contamination occurs primarily within 13 m of treated roads, but can extend as much as 30 m laterally in near-surface sedimentary deposits. Within the deep vadose zone, which consists of interlayered basalt lava flows and sedimentary interbeds, brine has moved up to 110 m laterally. This lateral migration suggests formation of perched water and horizontal transport during periods of high recharge. In a few locations, brine migrated to depths of 67 m within 3 to 5 yr. Elevated Cl– concentrations were found to depths of 2 m in roadbed material. In drainage ditches along roads, where runoff accumulates and recharge of surface water is high, Cl– was flushed from the sediments in 3 to 4 yr. In areas of lower recharge, Cl– remained in the sediments after 5 yr. Vertical brine movement is directly related to surface recharge through sediments. The distribution of Cl– in pore water and sediments is consistent with estimates of vadose zone residence times and spatial distribution of surface water recharge from other investigations at the subsurface disposal area.

Larry C. Hull; Carolyn W. Bishop

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Evaporative Evolution of Carbonate-Rich Brines from Synthetic Topopah Spring Tuff Pore Water, Yucca Mountain  

SciTech Connect

The evaporation of a range of synthetic pore water solutions representative of the potential high-level-nuclear-waste repository at Yucca Mountain, NV is being investigated. The motivation of this work is to understand and predict the range of brine compositions that may contact the waste containers from evaporation of pore waters, because these brines could form corrosive thin films on the containers and impact their long-term integrity. A relatively complex synthetic Topopah Spring Tuff pore water was progressively concentrated by evaporation in a closed vessel, heated to 95 C in a series of sequential experiments. Periodic samples of the evaporating solution were taken to determine the evolving water chemistry. According to chemical divide theory at 25 C and 95 C our starting solution should evolve towards a high pH carbonate brine. Results at 95 C show that this solution evolves towards a complex brine that contains about 99 mol% Na{sup +} for the cations, and 71 mol% Cl{sup -}, 18 mol% {Sigma}CO{sub 2}(aq), 9 mol%SO{sub 4}{sup 2-} for the anions. Initial modeling of the evaporating solution indicates precipitation of aragonite, halite, silica, sulfate and fluoride phases. The experiments have been used to benchmark the use of the EQ3/6 geochemical code in predicting the evolution of carbonate-rich brines during evaporation.

Sutton, M; Alai, M; Carroll, S A

2004-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

172

Developing a process for commercial silica production from Salton Sea brines  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this joint LLNL-CalEnergy project is to develop a method for precipitating marketable silica from spent Salton Sea Geothermal Field (SSGF) brines. Many markets for silica exist. We have initially targeted production of silica as a rubber additive. Silica reinforced rubber gives tires less rolling resistance, greater tear strength, and better adhesion to steel belts. Previous silica precipitates produced by CalEnergy from Salton Sea brines were not suitable as rubber additives. They did not to disperse well in the rubber precursors and produced inferior rubber. CalEnergy currently minimizes silica scaling in some of their production facilities by acidifying the brine pH. The rate of silica precipitation slows down as the pH is lowered, so that energy extraction and brine reinfection are possible without unacceptable amounts of scaling even with more than 700 ppm SiO{sub 2} in solution. We are adding a step in which a small amount of base is added to the acidified brine to precipitate silica before reinfection. By carefully controlling the type, rate, and amount of base addition, we can optimize the properties of the precipitate to approach those of an ideal rubber additive.

Bourcier, W; McCutcheon, M; Leif, R; Bruton, C

2000-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

173

Bryan Renne http://bryan.renne.org/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Language and Computation (ILLC) 1/2012­12/2014 · Funded by a e250,000 NWO Veni Grant (see Grants and Awards.D., Computer Science 8/2002­5/2008 CUNY Graduate Center New York, New York, USA M.Phil., Computer Science 5/2007 Cornell University Ithaca, New York, USA B.S., Computer Science; Mathematics Specialization 8

Renne, Bryan

174

Pore-Level Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Brine Fields  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pore-Level Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Brine Fields Pore-Level Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Brine Fields M. Ferer, (mferer@wvu.edu) Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-6315, Grant S. Bromhal, (bromhal@netl.doe.gov) US DOE, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, WV 26507-0880; and Duane H. Smith, (dsmith@netl.doe.gov) US DOE, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 & Department of Physics, West Virginia University. Underground injection of gas is a common practice in the oil and gas industry. Injection into deep, brine-saturated formations is a commercially proven method of sequestering CO 2 . However, it has long been known that displacement of a connate fluid by a less viscous fluid produces unstable displacement fronts with significant fingering. This fingering allows only a

175

Modeling gas and brine migration for assessing compliance of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect

At the request of the WIPP Project Integration Office (WPIO) of the DOE, the WIPP Performance Assessment (PA) Department of Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) has completed preliminary uncertainty and sensitivity analyses of gas and brine migration away from the undisturbed repository. This paper contains descriptions of the numerical model and simulations, including model geometries and parameter values, and a summary of major conclusions from sensitivity analyses. Because significant transport of contaminants can only occur in a fluid (gas or brine) medium, two-phase flow modeling can provide an estimate of the distance to which contaminants can migrate. Migration of gas or brine beyond the RCRA ``disposal-unit boundary`` or the Standard`s accessible environment constitutes a potential, but not certain, violation and may require additional evaluations of contaminant concentrations.

Vaughn, P. [Applied Physics, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Butcher, B. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Helton, J. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States); Swift, P. [Tech. Reps., Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Exposure and effects of oilfield brine discharges on western sandpipers (Calidris mauri) in Nueces Bay, Texas  

SciTech Connect

Discharge of oilfield brines into fresh and estuarine waters is a common disposal practice in Texas. Petroleum crude oil (PCO) extraction from underground stores includes the removal of a significant amount of water along with the oil. Several methods may be used to separate the oil and water fractions, including tank batteries, heat separation, and skimming ponds. Disposal of the resultant produced water (oilfield brine) may be accomplished by deep-well injection or discharge to surface waters. In Texas, an estimated 766,000 barrels of oilfield brine were discharged daily into tidal waters in 1979. The maximum concentration for oil and grease in these discharges permitted by the Texas Railroad Commission is 25 ppm. Several studies have shown that oilfield brines are toxic to a wide range of marine life, yet little is known about their effects on birds and mammals. Exposure to petroleum in oilfield wastes could evoke toxicological effects in some waterbird species. Avian responses to PCO exposure are highly variable, including cessation of growth, osmoregulatory impairment, endocrine dysfunction, hemolytic anemia, altered blood chemistry, cytochrome P450 induction, reduced reproductive success, and mortality. Oilfield brine discharges may soon be the largest and most pervasive source of contaminants entering Texas estuaries. Migratory and resident birds feeding in the vicinity of discharge sites may be ingesting food items contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons, heavy metals and salts in sufficient quantities to evoke toxicity. The present study of wintering western sandpipers (Calidris mauri) that feed and roost near discharge sites sought to examine oilfield brine exposure and effects through quantification of contaminant burdens, morphological characteristics, and cytochrome P450-associated monooxygenase activities. 20 refs., 2 tabs.

Rattner, B.A.; Melancon, M.J. [National Biological Survey, Laurel, MD (United States); Capizzi, J.L. [Texas A& M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); King, K.A. [Fish and Wildlife Service, Phoenix, AZ (United States); LeCaptain, L.J. [Fish and Wildlife Service, Spokane, WA (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Validation of classical density-dependent solute transport theory for stable, high-concentration-gradient brine displacements in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-concentration-gradient brine displacements in coarse and medium sands S.J. Watson a,1 , D.A. Barry a,1 , R.J. Schotting b,*, S.M. Hassanizadeh b a School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Contaminated Land Assessment and Remediation by a brine solution, under either constant head or constant volume flux conditions. The experimental data

Hassanizadeh, S. Majid

178

Brine flow up a borehole caused by pressure perturbation from CO2 storage: Static and dynamic evaluations  

SciTech Connect

Industrial-scale storage of CO{sub 2} in saline sedimentary basins will cause zones of elevated pressure, larger than the CO{sub 2} plume itself. If permeable conduits (e.g., leaking wells) exist between the injection reservoir and overlying shallow aquifers, brine could be pushed upwards along these conduits and mix with groundwater resources. This paper discusses the potential for such brine leakage to occur in temperature- and salinity-stratified systems. Using static mass-balance calculations as well as dynamic well flow simulations, we evaluate the minimum reservoir pressure that would generate continuous migration of brine up a leaking wellbore into a freshwater aquifer. Since the brine invading the well is denser than the initial fluid in the wellbore, continuous flow only occurs if the pressure perturbation in the reservoir is large enough to overcome the increased fluid column weight after full invasion of brine into the well. If the threshold pressure is exceeded, brine flow rates are dependent on various hydraulic (and other) properties, in particular the effective permeability of the wellbore and the magnitude of pressure increase. If brine flow occurs outside of the well casing, e.g., in a permeable fracture zone between the well cement and the formation, the fluid/solute transfer between the migrating fluid and the surrounding rock units can strongly retard brine flow. At the same time, the threshold pressure for continuous flow to occur decreases compared to a case with no fluid/solute transfer.

Birkholzer, J.T.; Nicot, J.-P.; Oldenburg, C.M.; Zhou, Q.; Kraemer, S.; Bandilla, K.W.

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Formation of Thetis Deep metal-rich sediments in the absence of brines, Red Sea M.C. Pierret a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formation of Thetis Deep metal-rich sediments in the absence of brines, Red Sea M.C. Pierret a , N October 2009 Available online 23 October 2009 Keywords: Pb­Sr­Nd isotopes REE Metal-rich sediments-rich sediments covered by brine pools. It is generally agreed that these metal-rich deposits precipitated from

Demouchy, Sylvie

180

NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF TEMPERATURE EFFECTS DURING THE INJECTION OF CARBON DIOXIDE INTO BRINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF TEMPERATURE EFFECTS DURING THE INJECTION OF CARBON DIOXIDE INTO BRINE for the simulation of carbon dioxide injection into geological formations is currently an intensive field of research for the balance of thermal energy, we can investigate numerically the effects of temperature variations during

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Sulfate Removal from Reject Brined in Inland Desalination with Zero Liquid Discharge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sulfate is one of the most problematic ions present in reject brine in desalination systems due to its high potential of scale formation and membrane fouling; making it an obstacle in the application of zero liquid discharge. The ultra-high lime...

Almasri, Dema A

2013-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

182

Author's personal copy Fossil brines preserved in the St-Lawrence Lowlands,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

halite disso- lution. 87 Sr/86 Sr ratios and Ca excess indicate prolonged interactions with silicate degassing, are identical to their production ratios in rocks. The source of salinity (halite dissolution during Devonian­Silurian time. Brines might result from infiltration of Devonian water leaching halite

Long, Bernard

183

Accurate Thermodynamic Model for the Calculation of H2S Solubility in Pure Water and Brines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate Thermodynamic Model for the Calculation of H2S Solubility in Pure Water and Brines Zhenhao, 2007 A thermodynamic model calculating the solubility of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in pure water phase. With this specific interaction approach, this model is able to predict H2S solubility in other

Zhu, Chen

184

Brine Assemblages of Ultrasmall Microbial Cells within the Ice Cover of Lake Vida, Antarctica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Antarctica, is one of the largest lakes in the McMurdo...the abundance of the larger cells, consists of...vol) (30). After drilling, brine infiltrated the borehole until it reached a...107 cells ml1, while larger cells (0.2 to 1...

Emanuele Kuhn; Andrew S. Ichimura; Vivian Peng; Christian H. Fritsen; Gareth Trubl; Peter T. Doran; Alison E. Murray

2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

185

Analysis of hydrocarbon removal methods for the management of oilfield brines and produced waters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and globally, the petroleum industries challenge has been to develop a high-tech and cost effective method to purify the large volumes of oilfield brines and produced water. Currently, most of the produced water requires several pre- and post- treatment methods...

Furrow, Brendan Eugene

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

18 ASHRAEJournal ashrae.org S e p t e m b e r 2 0 1 0 By Brian A. Fricke, Ph.D., Member ASHRAE; and Bryan R. Becker, Ph.D., P.E., Fellow ASHRAE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; and Bryan R. Becker, Ph.D., P.E., Fellow ASHRAE T he continual operation of supermarket refrigeration's supermarkets adopted the use of glass-doored refrigerated display cases. In addition to the infiltration energy by the refrigeration system, allowing the HVAC system, which operates at a higher evaporator temperature and COP

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

187

Operation of a mineral-recovery unit on brine from the Salton Sea known geothermal resource area  

SciTech Connect

The Bureau of Mines operated a mineral recovery unit to recover metal values from post-flash geothermal brines from the Salton Sea known geothermal resource area as part of its research into the use of plentiful resources. The brine was available for metals recovery after its heat content had been used to generate electricity. The brine source was treated with lime to precipitate the contained iron, manganese, lead, and zinc before injection of the heat-depleted brine into the underground reservoir. Data are presented on the effects of process variables, such as rate and method of lime addition and air oxidation versus air exclusion. Variations in precipitation of metal values, composition of precipitates, effectiveness of slurry thickeners, and methods of treating the precipitates to recover metal values are discussed.

Schultze, L.E.; Bauer, D.J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

The effect of stratigraphic dip on brine inflow and gas migration at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect

The natural dip of the Salado Formation at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), although regionally only about 111, has the potential to affect brine inflow and gas-migration distances due to buoyancy forces. Current models, including those in WIPP Performance Assessment calculations, assume a perfectly horizontal repository and stratigraphy. With the addition of buoyancy forces due to the dip, brine and gas flow patterns can be affected. Brine inflow may increase due to countercurrent flow, and gas may preferentially migrate up dip. This scoping study has used analytical and numerical modeling to evaluate the impact of the dip on brine inflow and gas-migration distances at the WIPP in one, two, and three dimensions. Sensitivities to interbed permeabilities, two-phase curves, gas-generation rates, and interbed fracturing were studied.

Webb, S.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Larson, K.W. [INTERA, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [INTERA, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Corrosion of selected metals and a high-temperature thermoplastic in hypersaline geothermal brine. Report of investigations/1983  

SciTech Connect

The Bureau of Mines conducted corrosion research to determine suitable construction materials for geothermal resource recovery plants. Weight loss, pitting and crevice corrosion, U-bend stress corrosion, and electrochemical polarization measurements were made on selected metals in brine and steam process environments produced from high-enthalpy hypersaline brine from geothermal well Magmamax No. 1 at the Salton Sea Known Geothermal Resources Area, Imperial Valley, Calif.

Conrad, R.K.; Carter, J.P.; Cramer, S.D.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Sorption of lithium from a geothermal brine by pelletized mixed aluminum-lithium hydrous oxides  

SciTech Connect

An inorganic ion exchanger was evaluated by the Bureau of Mines for recovering lithium from geothermal brines. The ion exchanger or sorbent was mixed hydrous oxide of aluminum and lithium that had been dried at 100 C. The dried precipitate was pelletized with a sodium silicate binder to improve flow rates in sorption tests. The sorbent was loaded to 2 mg Li/g of pellets and sorption from the solution was independent of the concentrations of Ca, Fe, Mn, and Zn. Manganese and zinc were sorbed by the pellets but did not suppress lithium sorption. Lithium was desorbed with water, but none of the washing solutions investigated removed entrained brine without stripping lithium. The complex nature of the sorption mechanisms is discussed.

Schultze, L.E.; Bauer, D.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Re-assessing the impact of desalination plants brine discharges on eroding beaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sea outfall discharge is a practical way to dispose of brine waste stream from a coastal desalination plant. However, sandy beaches are changing as a result of coastal erosion. Coastline urban developments are the manmade permanent changing of beaches, where the coastlines are being dredged and reclaimed as artificial land. Therefore, if a plant is built and operated with an outfall to satisfy the imposed site's environmental regulation compliance but the beach is subsequently being eroded, what action needs to be done to make sure the imposed criteria that minimize the impact on the marine environment can still be met? A mathematical model is presented that accounts the effect of beach erosion for estimating the brine's outfall adverse impact on the environment.

H.H. Al-Barwani; Anton Purnama

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Scientific Considerations Related to Regulation Development for CO2 Sequestration in Brine Formations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SCIENTIFIC CONSIDERATIONS RELATED TO REGULATION SCIENTIFIC CONSIDERATIONS RELATED TO REGULATION DEVELOPMENT FOR CO 2 SEQUESTRATION IN BRINE FORMATIONS Chin-Fu Tsang (cftsang@lbl.gov; (510) 486-5782) Sally M. Benson (smbenson@lbl.gov; (510) 486-7071) Earth Sciences Division, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road, MS 90-1116, Berkeley, CA 94720 Bruce Kobelski (kobelski.bruce@epa.gov) Robert Smith (smith.robert-eu@epamail.epa.gov) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Drinking Water and Ground Water, Washington D.C. Introduction Reduction of atmospheric emissions of CO 2 (DOE, 1999a) through injection of CO 2 into in deep brine formations is being actively studied both in the U.S. and internationally. If this technology is to be employed broadly enough to make a significant impact on global

193

Hydrogeologic aspects of brine disposal in the East Poplar oil field, Fort Peck Indian Reservation, northeastern Montana  

SciTech Connect

The East Poplar Oil Field encompasses about 70 square miles in the south-central part of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation. Oil production began in 1952 from the Mississippian Madison Group. Production depths range from about 5,500 to 6,000 feet below land surface. Large quantities of brine (water having a dissolved-solids concentration greater than 35,000 milligrams per liter) have been produced with the oil. The brine has a dissolved-solids concentration of as much as 160,000 milligrams per liter. Most of the brine has been disposed of by injection into shallower subsurface formations (mainly the Lower Cretaceous Dakota Sandstone at depths of about 3,300 feet and the Upper Cretaceous Judith River Formation at depths of about 1,000 feet). Smaller quantities of brine have been directed to storage and evaporation pits. Handling, transport, and disposal of the brine have resulted in its movement into and migration through shallow Quaternary alluvial and glacial deposits along the Poplar River valley. Locally, domestic water supplies are obtained from these deposits. The major point, sources of shallow ground-water contamination probably is leakage of brine from corroded disposal-well casing and pipelines. Using electromagnetic geophysical techniques and auger drilling, three saline-water plumes in alluvial deposits and one plum in glacial deposits have been delineated. Dominant constituents in plume areas are sodium and chloride, whereas those in nonplume areas are sodium and bicarbonate.

Craigg, S.D.; Thamke, J.N. (Geological Survey, Helena, MT (United States))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

A model for the evolution of brines in salt from the lower Salado Formation, southeastern New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

Fluid inclusions were collected from a bedded salt horizon in the lower Permian Salado Formation in the Delaware Basin, southeastern New Mexico. The sampling horizon, at a depth of approximately 645 meters, consists primarily of recrystallized halite, with thin layers of anhydrite. Other trace minerals, dispersed throughout the salt, include quartz, polyhalite, gypsum, K-feldspar, magnesite, and clays. The chemistry of the inclusion fluids and the associated mineralogy suggest that these brines represent Permian seawater that has undergone evaporation and subsequent modification by diagenetic reactions, dominated by the alteration of calcium sulfate to polyhalite and magnesite formation. The range of fluid inclusion compositions suggests a significant departure from a simple seawater evaporation model. Other brines from the same horizon in the Salado Formation were sampled and analyzed for the same elements as the fluid inclusions, and differed significantly from them primarily by the depletion of Mg relative to K. The association of these brines with argillaceous and/or anhydritic halite containing a suite of authigenic minerals (quartz, magnesite, and Mg-rich clays) suggests that these are intergranular brines with compositions determined over a much longer time scale than that required by the fluid inclusions. The principal reactions affecting intergranular brine chemistry are dehydration of gypsum, dewatering of detrital clays, and uptake of Mg during clay diagenesis. Overall, the observed variation in brine compositions implies that, if large-scale hydrologic circulation is occurring in the Salado halite, the time scale is limited by the rate required for low-temperature silicate diagenesis.

Stein, C.L.; Krumhansl, J.L. (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM (USA))

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Hydrological and geochemical monitoring for a CO2 sequestration pilot in a brine formation  

SciTech Connect

Hydrological and geochemical monitoring are key components of site characterization and CO2 plume monitoring for a pilot test to inject CO2 into a brine-bearing sand of the fluvial-deltaic Frio formation in the upper Texas Gulf Coast. In situ, injected CO2 forms a supercritical phase that has gas-like properties (low density and viscosity) compared to the surrounding brine, while some CO2 dissolves in the brine. The pilot test employs one injection well and one monitor well, with continuous pressure and flow-rate monitoring in both wells, and continuous surface fluid sampling and periodic down-hole fluid sampling from the monitor well. Pre-injection site-characterization includes pump tests with pressure-transient analysis to estimate single-phase flow properties, establish hydraulic connectivity between the wells, determine appropriate boundary conditions, and analyze ambient phase conditions within the formation. Additionally, a pre-injection tracer test furnishes estimates of kinematic porosity and the geometry of flow paths between injection and monitor wells under single-phase conditions. Pre-injection geochemical sampling provides a baseline for subsequent geochemical monitoring and helps determine the optimal tracers to accompany CO2 injection. During CO2 injection, hydrological monitoring enables estimation of two-phase flow properties and helps track the movement of the injected CO2 plume, while geochemical sampling provides direct evidence of the arrival of CO2 and tracers at the monitor well. Furthermore, CO2-charged water acts as a weak acid, and reacts to some extent with the minerals in the aquifer, producing a distinct chemical signature in the water collected at the monitor well. Comparison of breakthrough curves for the single-phase tracer test and the CO2 (and its accompanying tracers) illuminates two-phase flow processes between the supercritical CO2 and native brine, an area of current uncertainty that must be better understood to effectively sequester CO2 in saline aquifers.

Doughty, Christine; Pruess, Karsten; Benson, Sally M.; Freifeld, Barry M.; Gunter, William D.

2004-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

196

Salt Brine Blending to Optimize Deicing and Anti-icing Performance and Cost  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chloride (MgCl2) w/additives ·Envirotech Serv., Scotwood Ind., NA Salt ·Calcium Chloride (CaCl2) ·Tiger 135% 90% 115% Thawrox Gold Treated MgCl2 150% 120% 115% Ice Slicer CaCl2 130% 95% 70% Ice Bite @ 3 gal to Salt Brine Material Base @ 12 F @20 F @ 28 F Calcium Chloride CaCl2 160% 185% 135% RGP-8 CaCl2 170% 80

Minnesota, University of

197

Biochemical solubilization of toxic salts from residual geothermal brines and waste waters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of solubilizing metal salts such as metal sulfides in a geothermal sludge using mutant Thiobacilli selected for their ability to metabolize metal salts at high temperature is disclosed. The method includes the introduction of mutated Thiobacillus ferrooxidans and Thiobacillus thiooxidans to a geothermal sludge or brine. The microorganisms catalyze the solubilization of metal salts. For instance, in the case of metal sulfides, the microorganisms catalyze the solubilization to form soluble metal sulfates. 54 figs.

Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.S.

1994-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

198

Evidence for ground-water circulation in the brine-filled aquitard, Oak Ridge, Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

Various geologic, hydrologic, and geochemical methods were used to assess active ground-water circulation in a brine-filled, deep (> 50 m below land surface) aquitard underlying the Oak Ridge Reservation, Tennessee. In places, the brine which was presumed to be stagnant in the past, contains various contaminants. If ground-water circulation is viable in the brine-containing formations, then remediation or containment of the deep-seated contaminants should be considered a high priority. Data used to determine this included (1) spatial and temporal pressures and hydraulic heads measured in the aquitard, (2) hydraulic parameters of the formations in question, (3) vertical temperature gradients, and (4) spatial and temporal chemical and isotopic composition of the saline ground water. Conclusions suggest that the saline water contained at depth is not isolated (in terms of recharge and discharge) from the overlying active and fresh-water-(< 500 mg/l) bearing units. Consequently, influx of young water (and contamination) from land surface does occur. Potential discharge into the shallow aquifers was assumed where the hydraulic head of the saline water was higher than that in the shallow aquifers, accounting for temperature and salinity anomalies observed close to land surface. The confined water (and dissolved solutes) move along open conduits at relatively high velocity into adjacent, more permeable units.

Nativ, R. [Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem (Israel). Dept. of Soil and Water Sciences; Halleran, A.; Hunley, A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Environmental Sciences Div.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Recovering lithium chloride from a geothermal brine. Report of investigations/1984  

SciTech Connect

The Bureau of Mines has devised techniques to recover lithium from geothermal brines as the chloride. More than 99 pct of the lithium was precipitated from a brine containing 170 mg/L Li by adding a solution of A1C13 and increasing the pH to 7.5 with lime slurry. The Li-Al precipitate was dissolved in HCl and sparged with gaseous HC1 to recover the A1C13; this resulted in a solution containing LiCl and CaC12. The solution was evaporated at 100C to obtain a mixture of the chlorides from which 97 pct of the lithium was recovered and 90 pct of the calcium was rejected by leaching with tetrahydrofuran. The LiC1 recovered by evaporation of the tetrahydrofuran was purified by dissolution in water and treatment with oxalic acid. The final LiC1 solution contained 89 pct of the lithium originally present in the brine and had a purity of 99.9 pct.

Schultze, L.E.; Bauer, D.J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Evaporative evolution of Martian brines based on halogens in nakhlites and MER samples  

SciTech Connect

Comparison of Cl and Br from Nakhla viens to MER samples suggests two kinds of brine solutions existed on Mars, one early and one late in the evaporation sequence. These solutions precipitated the secondary salts at the Meridiani and Gusev sites. We have recently reported the Cl and Br abundances determined by APS X-ray Microprobe and EMPA analyses of secondary aqueous minerals in Nakhla veins and discussed the significance of Cl-Br correlations with respect to the evolution of brine solutions on Mars. In that study, we suggested that the low Br concentration ({approx}10 ppm) in Lafayette Iddingsite is indicative of early stage of evaporation during progressive evolution of Martian brine solutions, which is, in turn, consistent with the petrographic evidence of early deposition of salt sequence of carbonate-sulfate- and no halite in Lafayette. We showed that the high Br concentrations of {approx}240 ppm in secondary salts in Nakhla veins similarly indicate late stages of evaporation in evolving Martian brine solutions which is again consistent with petrographic evidence of late stage deposition of salt sequence i.e. carbonate-sulfate-halite in Nakhla. When sea water evaporates under equilibrium conditions, the most insoluble carbonates (siderite and calcite) deposit first, followed by sulfates (gypsum and anhydrite) and finally the water-soluble halides are precipitated when the water content is sufficiently low. In the present study, we make a detailed comparison of Cl/Br ratios in secondary minerals in nakhlites with those in MER soils and rocks at Gusev and Meridiani and show that the compositions of solutions that inundated Lafayette iddingsite (early stage) and Nakhla veins (late stage) include the range of solution-compositions that gave rise to a variety of secondary salts at Gusev and Meridiani sites. Further, the results obtained here suggest that two kinds of brine solutions (one, late and the other, early or intermediate stage) seem to have inundated most of the rocks and soils to varying degrees and precipitated the secondary salts at Meridiani and Gusev sites.

Rao, M.N.; Sutton, S.R.; McKay, D.S. (Lockheed); (UC); (NASA)

2005-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Boron isotope geochemistry as a tracer for the evolution of brines and associated hot springs from the Dead Sea, Israel  

SciTech Connect

A boron isotope study combined with analyses of elemental boron, lithium, and chlorine is used to suggest that brines from the Dead Sea and on-shore hypersaline thermal springs (Hamme Yesha, Hamme Zohar, and Hamme Mazor) are the products of interaction of evaporated seawater with detrital sediments. The high {delta}{sup 11}B values of the Dead Sea brines (55.7 to 57.4{per thousand} versus NBS-951) and the hot springs (52.2 to 55.7{per thousand}), and low B/Li ratios (2.0 to 2.3 and 2.5 to 2.7, respectively), relative to seawater, indicate preferential removal of {sup 10}B from the brines and hence boron adsorption onto clay minerals. The brackish 'En Feshcha springs and the freshwater 'En Dawid and Nahal Arugot springs yield lower B contents and {delta}{sup 11}B values (37.7 to 40.6{per thousand} and 33.8 to 36.9{per thousand}, respectively). The {delta}{sup 11}B values and B contents of diluted Dead Sea brines lie on calculated mixing lines between the composition of the brackish and freshwater springs with the composition of the Dead Sea. The {delta}{sup 11}B values of the hot springs, however, given their boron content, are significantly lower than those of the mixing lines. Thus, waters from the hot springs cannot be a mixing product of the Dead Sea brine with freshwater. Instead, the Dead Sea brine has evolved from the brines of the hot springs through further isotopic fractionation and boron adsorption onto detrital sediments.

Vengosh, A. (Australian National Univ., Canberra (Australia) Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem (Israel)); Starinsky, A.; Kolodny, Y. ( Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem (Israel)); Chivas, A.R. (Australian National Univ., Canberra (Australia))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

PILOT TESTING: PRETREATMENT OPTIONS TO ALLOW RE-USE OF FRAC FLOWBACK AND PRODUCED BRINE FOR GAS SHALE RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the A&M DOE NETL Project No. DE-FE0000847 was to develop a mobile, multifunctional water treatment capability designed specifically for “pre-treatment” of field waste brine. The project consisted of constructing s mobile “field laboratory” incorporating new technology for treating high salinity produced water and using the lab to conduct a side-by-side comparison between this new technology and that already existing in field operations. A series of four field trials were performed utilizing the mobile unit to demonstrate the effectiveness of different technology suitable for use with high salinity flow back brines and produced water. The design of the mobile unit was based on previous and current work at the Texas A&M Separation Sciences Pilot Plant. The several treatment techniques which have been found to be successful in both pilot plant and field tests had been tested to incorporate into a single multifunctional process train. Eight different components were evaluated during the trials, two types of oil and grease removal, one BTEX removal step, three micro-filters, and two different nanofilters. The performance of each technique was measured by its separation efficiency, power consumption, and ability to withstand fouling. The field trials were a success. Four different field brines were evaluated in the first trial in New York. Over 16,000 gallons of brine were processed. Using a power cost of $.10 per kWh, media pretreatment power use averaged $0.004 per barrel, solids removal $.04 per barrel and brine “softening” $.84 per barrel. Total power cost was approximately $1.00 per barrel of fluid treated. In Pennsylvania, brines collected from frac ponds were tested in two additional trials. Each of the brines was converted to an oil-free, solids-free brine with no biological activity. Brines were stable over time and would be good candidates for use as a make-up fluid in a subsequent fracturing fluid design. Reports on all of the field trials and subcontractor research have been summarized in this Final Report. Individual field trial reports and research reports are contained in the companion volume titled “Appendices”

Burnett, David

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

203

Fate of Magnesium Chloride Brine Applied to Suppress Dust from Unpaved Roads at the INEEL Subsurface Disposal Area  

SciTech Connect

Between 1984 and 1993, MgCl2 brine was used to suppress dust on unpaved roads at a radioactive waste subsurface disposal area. Because Cl– might enhance corrosion of buried metals in the waste, we investigated the distribution and fate of Cl– in the vadose zone using pore water samples collected from suction lysimeters and soluble salt concentrations extracted from sediment samples. The Cl/Br mass ratio and the total dissolved Cl– concentration of pore water show that brine contamination occurs primarily within 13 m of treated roads, but can extend as much as 30 m laterally in near-surface sedimentary deposits. Within the deep vadose zone, which consists of interlayered basalt lava flows and sedimentary interbeds, brine has moved up to 110 m laterally. This lateral migration suggests formation of perched water and horizontal transport during periods of high recharge. In a few locations, brine migrated to depths of 67 m within 3 to 5 yr. Elevated Cl– concentrations were found to depths of 2 m in roadbed material. In drainage ditches along roads, where runoff accumulates and recharge of surface water is high, Cl– was flushed from the sediments in 3 to 4 yr. In areas of lower recharge, Cl– remained in the sediments after 5 yr. Vertical brine movement is directly related to surface recharge through sediments. The distribution of Cl– in pore water and sediments is consistent with estimates of vadose zone residence times and spatial distribution of surface water recharge from other investigations at the subsurface

Larry Hull; Carolyn Bishop

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Geochemistry of two pressurized brines from the Castile Formation in the vicinity of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) site  

SciTech Connect

The major and minor element data and isotopic data from the ERDA-6 and WIPP-12 testing indicate that the brine reservoirs encountered in the Upper Castile Formation are largely in equilibrium with their surrounding host rock environment. This contention is supported by thermodynamic and stable isotope data. It is not possible to assign an absolute age to the brine based on uranium disequilibrium considerations, but the data do indicate that the brine reequilibrated with a new rock environment at least two million years ago. Information and data evaluated herein indicate the likelihood that the brines encountered are predominantly, if not entirely, derived from a trapped seawater source subsequently modified by diagenesis. Major ion/bromide ratios indicate that halite dissolution has occurred to some extent subsequent to deposition of the Castile anhydrites and entrapment of the seawater brine. Mechanisms for additional halite dissolution are discussed. Based on the degree of present halite saturation, it is concluded that the potential for future dissolution of halite is minimal.

Faith, S.; Spiegler, P.; Rehfeldt, K.R.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Integrated modeling and experimental programs to predict brine and gas flow at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect

Evaluation of the performance of the WIPP repository involves modeling of brine and gas flow in the host rocks of the Salado Formation, which consist of halite and anhydrite interbeds. Numerous physical, chemical, and structural processes, must be understood to perform this modeling. Gas generation within the repository is strongly coupled to the amount of brine inflow to the repository because brine aids in the corrosion of metals and associated generation of hydrogen gas. Increasing gas pressure in the repository decreases the rate of brine inflow. Ultimately, the gas pressure may exceed the brine pressure and gas may flow out of the repository. Relative-permeability curves and a correlation between threshold pressure and permeability taken from studies reported in the literature were used in PA models prior to being experimentally verified as appropriate for WIPP. In addition, interbed permeabilities were treated as constant and independent of effective stress in early models. Subsequently, the process of interbed fracturing (or fracture dilation) was recognized to limit gas pressures in the repository to values below lithostatic, and assumed (and unverified) relationships between porosity, permeability, and pore pressure were employed. Parameter-sensitivity studies performed using the simplified models identified important parameters for which site-specific data were needed. Unrealistic modeling results, such as room pressures substantially above lithostatic, showed the need to include additional processes in the models. Field and laboratory experimental programs have been initiated in conjunction with continued model development to provide information on important processes and parameters.

Beauheim, R.L.; Howarth, S.M.; Vaughn, P.; Webb, S.W.; Larson, K.W.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

MULTICOMPONENT SEISMIC ANALYSIS AND CALIBRATION TO IMPROVE RECOVERY FROM ALGAL MOUNDS: APPLICATION TO THE ROADRUNNER/TOWAOC AREA OF THE PARADOX BASIN, UTE MOUNTAIN UTE RESERVATION, COLORADO  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results made in fulfillment of contract DE-FG26-02NT15451, ''Multicomponent Seismic Analysis and Calibration to Improve Recovery from Algal Mounds: Application to the Roadrunner/Towaoc Area of the Paradox Basin, Ute Mountain Ute Reservation, Colorado''. Optimizing development of highly heterogeneous reservoirs where porosity and permeability vary in unpredictable ways due to facies variations can be challenging. An important example of this is in the algal mounds of the Lower and Upper Ismay reservoirs of the Paradox Basin in Utah and Colorado. It is nearly impossible to develop a forward predictive model to delineate regions of better reservoir development, and so enhanced recovery processes must be selected and designed based upon data that can quantitatively or qualitatively distinguish regions of good or bad reservoir permeability and porosity between existing well control. Recent advances in seismic acquisition and processing offer new ways to see smaller features with more confidence, and to characterize the internal structure of reservoirs such as algal mounds. However, these methods have not been tested. This project will acquire cutting edge, three-dimensional, nine-component (3D9C) seismic data and utilize recently-developed processing algorithms, including the mapping of azimuthal velocity changes in amplitude variation with offset, to extract attributes that relate to variations in reservoir permeability and porosity. In order to apply advanced seismic methods a detailed reservoir study is needed to calibrate the seismic data to reservoir permeability, porosity and lithofacies. This will be done by developing a petrological and geological characterization of the mounds from well data; acquiring and processing the 3D9C data; and comparing the two using advanced pattern recognition tools such as neural nets. In addition, should the correlation prove successful, the resulting data will be evaluated from the perspective of selecting alternative enhanced recovery processes, and their possible implementation. The work is being carried out on the Roadrunner/Towaoc Fields of the Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, located in the southwestern corner of Colorado. Although this project is focused on development of existing resources, the calibration established between the reservoir properties and the 3D9C seismic data can also enhance exploration success. During the time period covered by this report, the majority of the project effort has gone into the permitting, planning and design of the 3D seismic survey, and to select a well for the VSP acquisition. The business decision in October, 2002 by WesternGeco, the projects' seismic acquisition contractor, to leave North America, has delayed the acquisition until late summer, 2003. The project has contracted Solid State, a division of Grant Geophysical, to carry out the acquisition. Moreover, the survey has been upgraded to a 3D9C from the originally planned 3D3C survey, which should provide even greater resolution of mounds and internal mound structure.

Paul La Pointe; Claudia Rebne; Steve Dobbs

2003-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

207

CFD Simulation of Brine-Seawater Mixing in a Rotary Energy Recovery Device  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CFD Simulation of Brine-Seawater Mixing in a Rotary Energy Recovery Device ... The effects of operational conditions on the mixing behavior of rotary energy recovery device have been systematically investigated through the combined methods of computational fluid dynamics and validating experiments in this paper. ... The obtained formulas between mixing and dimensionless flow length provide a simple way to calculate and predict the mixing of device, which will be beneficial to design and operate the rotary energy recovery device in a lower mixing level. ...

Enle Xu; Yue Wang; Liming Wu; Shichang Xu; Yuxin Wang; Shichang Wang

2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

208

Capacity Investigation of Brine-Bearing Sands of the Frio Formation for Geologic Sequestration of CO2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capacity Investigation of Brine-Bearing Sands of the Frio Capacity Investigation of Brine-Bearing Sands of the Frio Formation for Geologic Sequestration of CO 2 Christine Doughty (cadoughty@lbl.gov; 510-486-6453) Karsten Pruess (k_pruess@lbl.gov; 510-486-6732) Sally M. Benson (smbenson@lbl.gov; 510-486-5875) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Rd, MS 90-1116 Berkeley, CA 94720 Susan D. Hovorka (susan.hovorka@beg.utexas.edu; 512-471-4863) Paul R. Knox (paul.knox@beg.utexas.edu; 512-471-7313) Bureau of Economic Geology P.O. Box X, The University of Texas Austin, TX 78713 Christopher T. Green (ctgreen@ucdavis.edu; 530-752-1372) University of California, Hydrologic Sciences 1 Shields Ave. Davis, CA 95616 Abstract The capacity of fluvial brine-bearing formations to sequester CO 2 is investigated using numerical simulations of CO

209

Spontaneous Imbibition of Aqueous Surfactant Solutions into Neutral to Oil-Wet Carbonate Cores:? Effects of Brine Salinity and Composition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Knowing that the brine salinity of carbonate reservoirs can vary in the range of salinity range than what was done in the previous experiments (salinities of 1?5 g/L). ... Thus, the increase in temperature seemed to make the effect of the salinity gradient observed at 40 °C vanish. ... Even though the increase in temperature from 40 °C to 70 °C make the effect of the salinity gradient of 1.0?10 wt % vanish, the final oil recovery was significantly lower (?45%, from Figure 3), compared to brine that contains sulfate at similar salinities (?70%, from Figure 6). ...

Skule Strand; Dag C. Standnes; Tor Austad

2003-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

210

Summary Results for Brine Migration Modeling Performed by LANL LBNL and SNL for the UFD Program  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes laboratory and field observations and numerical modeling related to coupled processes involving brine and vapor migration in geologic salt, focusing on recent developments and studies conducted at Sandia, Los Alamos, and Berkeley National Laboratories. Interest into the disposal of heat-generating waste in salt has led to interest into water distribution and migration in both run-of-mine crushed and intact geologic salt. Ideally a fully coupled thermal-hydraulic-mechanical-chemical simulation is performed using numerical models with validated constitutive models and parameters. When mechanical coupling is not available, mechanical effects are prescribed in hydraulic models as source, boundary, or initial conditions. This report presents material associated with developing appropriate initial conditions for a non-mechanical hydrologic simulation of brine migration in salt. Due to the strong coupling between the mechanical and hydrologic problems, the initial saturation will be low for the excavation disturbed zone surrounding the excavation. Although most of the material in this report is not new, the author hopes it is presented in a format making it useful to other salt researchers.

Kuhlman, Kristopher L.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

A XANES study of Cu speciation in high-temperature brines using synthetic fluid inclusions  

SciTech Connect

Cu K-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectra were recorded from individual synthetic brine fluid inclusions as a function of temperature up to 500 C. The inclusions serve as sample cells for high-temperature spectroscopic studies of aqueous Cu-Cl speciation. Cu{sup +} and Cu{sup 2+} can both be identified from characteristic pre-edge features. Mixed oxidation states can be deconvoluted using linear combinations of Cu{sup +} and Cu{sup 2+} spectra. This work illustrates how complex Cu XANES spectra can be interpreted successfully. Cu{sup 2+} is the stable oxidation state in solution at room temperature and Cu{sup +} at high temperatures. The change in oxidation state with temperature was completely reversible. Cu{sup +} was found to occur exclusively as the linear species [CuCl{sub 2}]{sup -} in solutions containing KCl with Cu:Cl ratios up to 1:6. In the absence of K{sup +}, there is evidence for higher order coordination of Cu{sup +}, in particular the tetrahedral complex [CuCl{sub 4}]{sup 3-}. The importance of such complexes in natural ore-forming fluids is yet to be determined, but may explain the vapor-phase partitioning of Cu as a Cl complex from a Cl-rich brine.

Berry, Andrew J.; Hack, Alistair C.; Mavrogenes, John A.; Newville, Matthew; Sutton, Stephen R. (UC); (ANU)

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

212

Report on design, construction, and testing of CO/sub 2/ breakout system for geothermal brines  

SciTech Connect

A skid mounted test facility has been built for determining conditions at which CO/sub 2/ flashes from geothermal brines. The system has been checked and operated at one geothermal plant. It performed as designed. The equipment is designed to operate at temperatures and pressures typical of wells near Heber, California. (Nominally 180/sup 0/C and 300 to 500 psig). It has heat exchangers which can cool the brine to less than 70/sup 0/C. (The cooling water is recirculated after being cooled by a forced air heat exchanger). Breakout pressures can be determined for any temperature between 70/sup 0/C and wellhead temperature. An adjustable orifice provides final control on pressure required to initiate flashing. The orifice is at the bottom of a sight glass. A light beam shines through the sight glass and focuses on a photoelectric cell. The presence of bubbles scatters light and decreases the output of the cell. Results using the cell were more reproducible than those using the naked eye. Results from one test show a smooth curve over the temperature range 75/sup 0/C to 165/sup 0/C. Agreement between the experimental values and calculated ones is discussed.

Robertus, R.J.; Shannon, D.W.; Sullivan, R.G.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Sensitivity study of CO2 storage capacity in brine aquifers withclosed boundaries: Dependence on hydrogeologic properties  

SciTech Connect

In large-scale geologic storage projects, the injected volumes of CO{sub 2} will displace huge volumes of native brine. If the designated storage formation is a closed system, e.g., a geologic unit that is compartmentalized by (almost) impermeable sealing units and/or sealing faults, the native brine cannot (easily) escape from the target reservoir. Thus the amount of supercritical CO{sub 2} that can be stored in such a system depends ultimately on how much pore space can be made available for the added fluid owing to the compressibility of the pore structure and the fluids. To evaluate storage capacity in such closed systems, we have conducted a modeling study simulating CO{sub 2} injection into idealized deep saline aquifers that have no (or limited) interaction with overlying, underlying, and/or adjacent units. Our focus is to evaluate the storage capacity of closed systems as a function of various reservoir parameters, hydraulic properties, compressibilities, depth, boundaries, etc. Accounting for multi-phase flow effects including dissolution of CO{sub 2} in numerical simulations, the goal is to develop simple analytical expressions that provide estimates for storage capacity and pressure buildup in such closed systems.

Zhou, Q.; Birkholzer, J.; Rutqvist, J.; Tsang, C-F.

2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

214

Phase-field theory of brine entrapment in sea ice: Short-time frozen microstructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the early phase of brine entrapment in sea ice, using a phase field model. This model for a first-order phase transition couples non-conserved order parameter kinetics to salt diffusion. The evolution equations are derived from a Landau-Ginzburg order parameter gradient dynamics together with salinity conservation. The numerical solution of model equations by an exponential time differencing scheme describes the time evolution of phase separation between liquid water with high salinity and the ice phase with low salinity. The numerical solution in one and two dimensions indicates the formation of one dominant wavelength which sets the length scale of short-time frozen structures. A stability analysis provides the phase diagram in terms of two Landau parameters. It is distinguished an uniform ice phase, a homogeneous liquid saline water solution and a phase where solidification structures can be formed. The Landau parameters are extracted from the supercooling and superheating as well as the freezing point temperature of water. With the help of realistic parameters the distribution of brine inclusions is calculated and found in agreement with the measured samples. The size of the ice domains separating regions of concentrated seawater depends on salinity and temperature and corresponds to the size of sea ice platelets obtained from a morphological stability analysis for the solidification of salt water.

Silke Thoms; Bernd Kutschan; Klaus Morawetz

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Modeling Coupled THMC Processes and Brine Migration in Salt at High Temperatures  

SciTech Connect

In this report, we present FY2014 progress by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) related to modeling of coupled thermal-hydrological-mechanical-chemical (THMC) processes in salt and their effect on brine migration at high temperatures. LBNL’s work on the modeling of coupled THMC processes in salt was initiated in FY2012, focusing on exploring and demonstrating the capabilities of an existing LBNL modeling tool (TOUGH-FLAC) for simulating temperature-driven coupled flow and geomechanical processes in salt. This work includes development related to, and implementation of, essential capabilities, as well as testing the model against relevant information and published experimental data related to the fate and transport of water. we provide more details on the FY2014 work, first presenting updated tools and improvements made to the TOUGH-FLAC simulator, and the use of this updated tool in a new model simulation of long-term THM behavior within a generic repository in a salt formation. This is followed by the description of current benchmarking and validations efforts, including the TSDE experiment. We then present the current status in the development of constitutive relationships and the dual-continuum model for brine migration. We conclude with an outlook for FY2015, which will be much focused on model validation against field experiments and on the use of the model for the design studies related to a proposed heater experiment.

Rutqvist, Jonny; Blanco Martin, Laura; Mukhopadhyay, Sumit; Houseworth, Jim; Birkholzer, Jens

2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

216

Brine and Gas Flow Patterns Between Excavated Areas and Disturbed Rock Zone in the 1996 Performance Assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant for a Single Drilling Intrusion that Penetrates Repository and Castile Brine Reservoir  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), which is located in southeastern New Mexico, is being developed for the geologic disposal of transuranic (TRU) waste by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Waste disposal will take place in panels excavated in a bedded salt formation approximately 2000 ft (610 m) below the land surface. The BRAGFLO computer program which solves a system of nonlinear partial differential equations for two-phase flow, was used to investigate brine and gas flow patterns in the vicinity of the repository for the 1996 WIPP performance assessment (PA). The present study examines the implications of modeling assumptions used in conjunction with BRAGFLO in the 1996 WIPP PA that affect brine and gas flow patterns involving two waste regions in the repository (i.e., a single waste panel and the remaining nine waste panels), a disturbed rock zone (DRZ) that lies just above and below these two regions, and a borehole that penetrates the single waste panel and a brine pocket below this panel. The two waste regions are separated by a panel closure. The following insights were obtained from this study. First, the impediment to flow between the two waste regions provided by the panel closure model is reduced due to the permeable and areally extensive nature of the DRZ adopted in the 1996 WIPP PA, which results in the DRZ becoming an effective pathway for gas and brine movement around the panel closures and thus between the two waste regions. Brine and gas flow between the two waste regions via the DRZ causes pressures between the two to equilibrate rapidly, with the result that processes in the intruded waste panel are not isolated from the rest of the repository. Second, the connection between intruded and unintruded waste panels provided by the DRZ increases the time required for repository pressures to equilibrate with the overlying and/or underlying units subsequent to a drilling intrusion. Third, the large and areally extensive DRZ void volumes is a significant source of brine to the repository, which is consumed in the corrosion of iron and thus contributes to increased repository pressures. Fourth, the DRZ itself lowers repository pressures by providing storage for gas and access to additional gas storage in areas of the repository. Fifth, given the pathway that the DRZ provides for gas and brine to flow around the panel closures, isolation of the waste panels by the panel closures was not essential to compliance with the U.S. Environment Protection Agency's regulations in the 1996 WIPP PA.

ECONOMY,KATHLEEN M.; HELTON,JON CRAIG; VAUGHN,PALMER

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Neptunium(V) and neptunium(VI) solubilities in synthetic brines of interest to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)  

SciTech Connect

The solubility of Np(V) and Np(VI) has been measured in three synthetic Na-K-Mg-Cl brines in the presence of CO{sub 2}(g). Experiments were prepared from oversaturation by adding an excess of NpO{sub 2}{sup +} or NpO{sub 2}{sup 2+} to the brines and allowing the neptunium solids to precipitate. Vessels were maintained in contact with fixed CO{sub 2}(g) partial pressures at constant pH and 24 {+-} 1 C. Dissolved Np(V) concentrations decreased several orders of magnitude within the first 100 days of the experiment, while dissolved Np(VI) concentrations decreased initially but then remained relatively constant for more than 400 days. The solid phases formed in all experiments were identified by X-ray powder diffraction as KNpO{sub 2}CO{sub 3}{center_dot}xH{sub 2}O(s). Steady state concentrations for Np(V) are similar to those observed for Pu(V) in the same brines under the same conditions, where Pu occurs predominantly as Pu(V). Similarly, steady state concentrations for Np(VI), which was not reduced over a two year period, compare well with measured Pu(VI) concentrations in the same brines before the Pu(VI) was reduced to Pu(V).

Novak, C.F. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Nitsche, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Earth Sciences Div.]|[Forschungszentrum Rossendorf e.V., Dresden (Germany). Inst. fuer Radiochemie; Silber, H.B. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Earth Sciences Div.]|[San Jose State Univ., CA (United States). Chemistry Dept.] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

218

Energy optimization in ice hockey halls I. The system COP as a multivariable function, brine and design choices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work is the first of a series of articles addressing the energy optimization in ice hockey halls. Here we outline an analytic method to predict in which design and operating conditions the COP of the entire cooling system (refrigerator and cooling tower) ${\\rm COP}_{sys}$ is maximum. ${\\rm COP}_{sys}$ is investigated as a function of several variables, like electric consumption and brine physical properties. With this method, the best configuration and brine choices for the system can therefore be determined in advance. We estimate the optimal design of an average-sized ice rink, including pipe diameter, depth and brine type (ethylene glycol and ammonia). We also single out an optimal brine density and show the impact of the electric consumption of the pump on ${\\rm COP}_{sys}$. Our theoretical predictions are validated with heat flow measurement data obtained at an ice hockey hall in Finland. They are also confronted with technical and cost-related constraints, and implemented by simulations with the pr...

Ferrantelli, Andrea; Räikkönen, Miska; Viljanen, Martti

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Monsanto MOUND FACILITY  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

developed at the DOEEnvironmental Measurements Laboratory (EML), New York, NY. This unit utilizes therm0 luminescent dosimeter detectors (TLD) to give an integrated weekly...

220

A Methodology for Measuring the Rate of Reaction of CO2 with Brine-Rock Mixtures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methodology for Measuring the Rate of Reaction of CO Methodology for Measuring the Rate of Reaction of CO 2 with Brine-Rock Mixtures Nicholas B. Janda (nbj2@po.cwru.edu; 216-368-2648) Philip W. Morrison, Jr. (pwm5@po.cwru.edu; 216-368-4238) Department of Chemical Engineering Case Western Reserve University 10900 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, OH 44106-7217 Beverly Z. Saylor (bzs@po.cwru.edu; 216-368-3763) Gerald Matisoff (gxm4@po.cwru.edu; 216-368-3677) Department of Geological Sciences Case Western Reserve University 10900 Euclid Avenue Cleveland, OH 44106-7216 Introduction Storage of carbon dioxide in deep, porous, and permeable reservoir rocks is one of the most promising technologies for reducing emissions of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. Although oil and gas reservoirs are a sensible first step for sequestration of carbon dioxide in geologic

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221

Reducing Foreign Lithium Dependence through Co-Production of Lithium from Geothermal Brine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Foreign Lithium Dependence through Co-Production of Lithium from Foreign Lithium Dependence through Co-Production of Lithium from Geothermal Brine Kerry Klein 1 , Linda Gaines 2 1 New West Technologies LLC, Washington, DC, USA 2 Center for Transportation Research, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA KEYWORDS Mineral extraction, zinc, silica, strategic metals, Imperial Valley, lithium ion batteries, electric- drive vehicles, battery recycling ABSTRACT Following a 2009 investment of $32.9 billion in renewable energy and energy efficiency research through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, President Obama in his January 2011 State of the Union address promised deployment of one million electric vehicles by 2015 and 80% clean energy by 2035. The United States seems poised to usher in its bright energy future,

222

Brine-in-crude-oil emulsions at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.  

SciTech Connect

Metastable water-in-crude-oil emulsion formation could occur in a Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) cavern if water were to flow into the crude-oil layer at a sufficient rate. Such a situation could arise during a drawdown from a cavern with a broken-hanging brine string. A high asphaltene content (> 1.5 wt %) of the crude oil provides the strongest predictor of whether a metastable water-in-crude-oil emulsion will form. However there are many crude oils with an asphaltene content > 1.5 wt % that don't form stable emulsions, but few with a low asphaltene content that do form stable emulsions. Most of the oils that form stable emulsions are %E2%80%9Csour%E2%80%9D by SPR standards indicating they contain total sulfur > 0.50 wt %.

Nemer, Martin B.; Lord, David L.; MacDonald, Terry L.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Phase-field theory of brine entrapment in sea ice: Short-time frozen microstructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the early phase of brine entrapment in sea ice, using a phase field model. This model for a first-order phase transition couples non-conserved order parameter kinetics to salt diffusion. The evolution equations are derived from a Landau-Ginzburg order parameter gradient dynamics together with salinity conservation. The numerical solution of model equations by an exponential time differencing scheme describes the time evolution of phase separation between liquid water with high salinity and the ice phase with low salinity. The numerical solution in one and two dimensions indicates the formation of one dominant wavelength which sets the length scale of short-time frozen structures. A stability analysis provides the phase diagram in terms of two Landau parameters. It is distinguished an uniform ice phase, a homogeneous liquid saline water solution and a phase where solidification structures can be formed. The Landau parameters are extracted from the supercooling and superheating as well as the freezin...

Thoms, Silke; Morawetz, Klaus

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Light hydrocarbon geochemistry of brines and sediments of the red sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1LGTIT II'YDROC/', REIGN GEOCIII'IITS'IRY GI' BTITNES IIND SRuZSIRNIS O? YIIR RZD SRR . T'. 1'. Sl S RO(cRR rII, DQN !' iT RRR AI!pcoverl s. s 'o style and cootent hyr 'o-Cheittreri ol Corrrrci tt. ee) r, rrr rl!I! e: ) j Deccr, het 1'rI79... The Ai 7 antis II Deep has i. &o ? tin& ! ay) . = !if i!& s-:I:, oif icar . 7y rii '. ferenL lig!it hydrocarbon con&sr:i ar. i&n . The l, a c. , in tbe iso layers a7so aprirertly come fro. d'I'&c:&nt sources. Tli. . up!&cr. brine (Ti50'0, Cl s /3...

Burke, Roger Allen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

225

DOE F 3304.2 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4.2 DOE F 3304.2 Form1 More Documents & Publications Investigation of the September 13, 2011, Fatality at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Bryan Mound Site DOE F 241 5 2014...

226

Recommendations to the NRC for review criteria for alternative methods of low-level radioactive waste disposal: Task 2b: Earth-mounded concrete bunkers  

SciTech Connect

The US Army Engineers Waterways Experiment Station (WES) and US Army Engineer Division, Huntsville (HNDED) have developed general design criteria and specific design review criteria for the earth-mounded concrete bunker (EMCB) alternative method of low-level radioactive waste (LLW) disposal. An EMCB is generally described as a reinforced concrete vault placed below grade, underneath a tumulus, surrounded by filter-blanket and drainage zones. The tumulus is covered over with a low permeability cover layer and top soil with vegetation. Eight major review criteria categories have been developed ranging from the loads imposed on the EMCB structure through material quality and durability considerations. Specific design review criteria have been developed in detail for each of the eight major categories. 63 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

Denson, R.H.; Bennett, R.D.; Wamsley, R.M.; Bean, D.L.; Ainsworth, D.L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Radioactive waste isolation in salt: geochemistry of brine in rock salt in temperature gradients and gamma-radiation fields - a selective annotated bibliography  

SciTech Connect

Evaluation of the extensive research concerning brine geochemistry and transport is critically important to successful exploitation of a salt formation for isolating high-level radioactive waste. This annotated bibliography has been compiled from documents considered to provide classic background material on the interactions between brine and rock salt, as well as the most important results from more recent research. Each summary elucidates the information or data most pertinent to situations encountered in siting, constructing, and operating a mined repository in salt for high-level radioactive waste. The research topics covered include the basic geology, depositional environment, mineralogy, and structure of evaporite and domal salts, as well as fluid inclusions, brine chemistry, thermal and gamma-radiation effects, radionuclide migration, and thermodynamic properties of salts and brines. 4 figs., 6 tabs.

Hull, A.B.; Williams, L.B.

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Experimental and Computational Studies of Fluid Flow Phenomena in Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Brine and Oil Fields  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EXPERIMENTAL AND COMPUTATIONAL STUDIES OF FLUID EXPERIMENTAL AND COMPUTATIONAL STUDIES OF FLUID FLOW PHENOMENA IN CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION IN BRINE AND OIL FIELDS Chuang Ji ( chuang.ji@netl.doe.gov ) National Energy Technology Laboratory Department of Energy, Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 BOX 5725 Clarkson University Potsdam, NY 13699 Goodarz Ahmadi ( ahmadi@clarkson.edu ) BOX 5725 Clarkson University Potsdam, NY 13699 Duane H. Smith ( duane.smith@netl.doe.gov ) National Energy Technology Laboratory Department of Energy, Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 2 INTRODUCTION Sequestration of CO 2 by injection into deep geological formations is a method to reduce CO 2 emissions into the atmosphere. However, when CO 2 is injected underground, it forms fingers extending into the rock pores saturated with brine or petroleum. This flow

229

Evaluation of Brine-Bearing Sands of the Frio Formation, Upper Texas Gulf Coast for Geological Sequestration of CO2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation of Brine-Bearing Sands of the Evaluation of Brine-Bearing Sands of the Frio Formation, Upper Texas Gulf Coast for Geological Sequestration of CO 2 S. D. Hovorka (susan.hovorka@beg.utexas.edu; 512-471-4863) Bureau of Economic Geology, P.O. Box X, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78713 C. Doughty (CADoughty@lbl.gov; 510-486-6453 ) Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, 1 Cyclotron Road Mailstop 90-1116, Berkeley, CA 94720 P. R. Knox (paul.knox@beg.utexas.edu; 512-471-7313), Bureau of Economic Geology, P.O. Box X, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78713 C. T. Green (ctgreen@ucdavis.edu; 510-495-2461) University of California, Hydrologic Sciences, One Shields Ave., Davis, CA 95616 K. Pruess(K_Pruess@lbl.gov; 510-486-6732) Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, 1 Cyclotron Road Mailstop 90-1116,

230

Separation and Fixation of Toxic Components in Salt Brines Using a Water-Based Process  

SciTech Connect

Efforts to implement new water quality standards, increase water reuse and reclamation, and minimize the cost of waste storage motivate the development of new processes for stabilizing wastewater residuals that minimize waste volume, water content and the long-term environmental risk from related by-products. This work explores the use of an aqueous-based emulsion process to create an epoxy/rubber matrix for separating and encapsulating waste components from salt laden, arsenic contaminated, amorphous iron hydrate sludges. Such sludges are generated from conventional water purification precipitation/adsorption processes, used to convert aqueous brine streams to semi-solid waste streams, such as ion exchange/membrane separation, and from other precipitative heavy metal removal operations. In this study, epoxy and polystyrene butadiene (PSB) rubber emulsions are mixed together and then combined with a surrogate sludge. The surrogate sludge consists of amorphous iron hydrate with 1 part arsenic fixed to the surface of the hydrate per 10 parts iron mixed with sodium nitrate and chloride salts and water. The resulting emulsion is cured and dried at 80 °C to remove water. Microstructure characterization by electron microscopy confirms that the epoxy/PSB matrix surrounds and encapsulates the arsenic laden amorphous iron hydrate phase while allowing the salt to migrate to internal and external surfaces of the sample. Salt extraction studies indicate that the porous nature of the resulting matrix promotes the separation and removal of as much as 90% of the original salt content in only one hour. Long term leaching studies based on the use of the infinite slab diffusion model reveal no evidence of iron migration or, by inference, arsenic migration, and demonstrate that the diffusion coefficients of the unextracted salt yield leachability indices within regulations for non-hazardous landfill disposal. Because salt is the most mobile species, it is inferred that arsenic leaches from the host material at an even slower rate, making the waste forms amenable to unregulated land disposal options. These results indicate that the environmentally-benign, water-based emulsion processing of epoxy/PSB polymeric hosts show great promise as a separation and fixation technology for treating brine streams from wastewater treatment facilities.

Franks, C.; Quach, A.; Birnie III, D.; Ela, W.; Saez, A.E.; Zelinski, B.; Smith, H.; Smith, G.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Understanding Long-Term Solute Transport in Sedimentary Basins: Simulating Brine Migration in the Alberta Basin. Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Mass transport in deep sedimentary basins places important controls on ore formation, petroleum migration, CO2 sequestration, and geochemical reactions that affect petroleum reservoir quality, but large-scale transport in this type of setting remains poorly understood. This lack of knowledge is highlighted in the resource-rich Alberta Basin, where geochemical and hydrogeologic studies have suggested residence times ranging from hundreds of millions of years to less than 5 My, respectively. Here we developed new hydrogeologic models that were constrained by geochemical observations to reconcile these two very different estimates. The models account for variable-density fluid flow, heat transport, solute transport, sediment deposition and erosion, sediment compressibility, and dissolution of salt deposits, including Cl/Br systematics. Prior interpretations of Cl/Br ratios in the Alberta Basin concluded that the brines were derived from evaporatively-concentrated brines that were subsequently diluted by seawater and freshwater; models presented here show that halite dissolution must have contributed strongly as well, which implies significantly greater rates of mass transport. This result confirms that Cl/Br ratios are subject to significant non-uniqueness and thus do not provide good independent indicators of the origin of brines. Salinity and Cl/Br ratios provided valuable new constraints for basin-scale models, however. Sensitivity studies revealed that permeabilities obtained from core- and field-scale tests were appropriate for basin-scale models, despite the differences in scale between the tests and the models. Simulations of groundwater age show that the residence time of porefluids in much of the basin is less than 100 My. Groundwater age increases with depth and approaches 200 My in the deepest part of the basin, but brines are significantly younger than their host rocks throughout the basin.

Alicia M. Wilson

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

232

Recovery of Fresh Water Resources from Desalination of Brine Produced During Oil and Gas Production Operations  

SciTech Connect

Management and disposal of produced water is one of the most important problems associated with oil and gas (O&G) production. O&G production operations generate large volumes of brine water along with the petroleum resource. Currently, produced water is treated as a waste and is not available for any beneficial purposes for the communities where oil and gas is produced. Produced water contains different contaminants that must be removed before it can be used for any beneficial surface applications. Arid areas like west Texas produce large amount of oil, but, at the same time, have a shortage of potable water. A multidisciplinary team headed by researchers from Texas A&M University has spent more than six years is developing advanced membrane filtration processes for treating oil field produced brines The government-industry cooperative joint venture has been managed by the Global Petroleum Research Institute (GPRI). The goal of the project has been to demonstrate that treatment of oil field waste water for re-use will reduce water handling costs by 50% or greater. Our work has included (1) integrating advanced materials into existing prototype units and (2) operating short and long-term field testing with full size process trains. Testing at A&M has allowed us to upgrade our existing units with improved pre-treatment oil removal techniques and new oil tolerant RO membranes. We have also been able to perform extended testing in 'field laboratories' to gather much needed extended run time data on filter salt rejection efficiency and plugging characteristics of the process train. The Program Report describes work to evaluate the technical and economical feasibility of treating produced water with a combination of different separation processes to obtain water of agricultural water quality standards. Experiments were done for the pretreatment of produced water using a new liquid-liquid centrifuge, organoclay and microfiltration and ultrafiltration membranes for the removal of hydrocarbons from produced water. The results of these experiments show that hydrocarbons from produced water can be reduced from 200 ppm to below 29 ppm level. Experiments were also done to remove the dissolved solids (salts) from the pretreated produced water using desalination membranes. Produced water with up to 45,000 ppm total dissolved solids (TDS) can be treated to agricultural water quality water standards having less than 500 ppm TDS. The Report also discusses the results of field testing of various process trains to measure performance of the desalination process. Economic analysis based on field testing, including capital and operational costs, was done to predict the water treatment costs. Cost of treating produced water containing 15,000 ppm total dissolved solids and 200 ppm hydrocarbons to obtain agricultural water quality with less than 200 ppm TDS and 2 ppm hydrocarbons range between $0.5-1.5 /bbl. The contribution of fresh water resource from produced water will contribute enormously to the sustainable development of the communities where oil and gas is produced and fresh water is a scarce resource. This water can be used for many beneficial purposes such as agriculture, horticulture, rangeland and ecological restorations, and other environmental and industrial application.

David B. Burnett; Mustafa Siddiqui

2006-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

233

Testing efficiency of storage in the subsurface: frio brine pilot experiment  

SciTech Connect

Can we demonstrate that subsurface storage is an effective method of reducing emissions of CO2 to the atmosphere? The Frio Brine Pilot Experiment is designed to test storage performance of a typical subsurface environment in an area where large-volume sources and sinks are abundant, near Houston, Texas, USA. We employed extensive pre-experiment characterization and modeling to identify significant factors that increase or decrease risk of leakage from the injection zone. We then designed the experiment to focus on those factors, as well as to test for presence or absence of events that are not expected. A fully developed reservoir model of heterogeneous reworked fluvial sandstones of the Frio Formation documents three-dimensional compartmentalization of the injection horizon by faulting associated with salt-dome intrusion and growth. Modeling using the TOUGH2 simulator showed that a significant source of uncertainty for subsurface performance of injected CO2 is residual CO2 saturation during storage. If initial displacement of water during injection is efficient and capillary effects create the expected residual saturation of 30 percent CO2, the volume occupied by the plume will be limited, and long-term storage can be expected even in an open system. If, however, during injection, CO2 moves out from the injection well along high-permeability pathways, it may not contact most pores, and residual saturation will have a smaller effect on storage. Our experiment is therefore designed to monitor plume geometry and CO2 saturation near the injection well and closely spaced observation well. Leakage out of the injection zone as a result of well engineering or other flaws in the seal is also monitored in the sandstone immediately overlying the injection zone and at the surface using multiple techniques. Permitting strategies include cooperation among two State agencies, as well as Federal NEPA assessment, because of the innovative aspects of the experiment.

Hovorka, Susan D.; Doughty, Christine; Holtz, Mark

2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

234

Technology transfer report: feasibility study for the use of geothermal brine in the Ashdod area, Israel  

SciTech Connect

The hydrothermal potential of the Ashdod area, Israel, was evaluated to determine its suitability as the low grade energy source required to operate the Ashdod desalination plant. An estimated 1250 cubic meters per hour of 120/sup 0/C brine would be adequate to supply the hot water necessary for operating the desalination plant. Considerable interest in oil exploration in the Ashdod area resulted in the drilling of six wells into the Jurassic formations by Oil Exploration (Investments) Ltd. (OEL) in 1976-1980. A small amount of oil was found in two wells, Ashdod 2 and 5. The remaining wells were abandoned as ''dry holes''. Evaluation of the drill cuttings, cores, and the electric logs defined two lithologic units of potential interest for hydrothermal exploitation, the Zohar and Shderot Dolomites. Investigation of the hydrothermal potential of the Jurassic formations underlying the Ashdod area has revealed that the aquifer temperatures range between 85 and 92/sup 0/C. The hydrologic parameters are not well defined; however the matrix permeability of the dolomites and limestones is probably between 1 and 10 md. This is insufficient permeability for a large scale pumping operation such as the one required to operate the desalination plant. Therefore, successful utilization of the resource requires the presence of significant fractures and/or connected vugs in the formation. The very low well productivity and formation plugging may indicate that permeability of the fracture zones may easily be impaired, suggesting that the fracture zones are not suitable production intervals. Until a test is conducted on a properly completed well, it is not possible to evaluate the deliverability of wells tapping these aquifers. 14 refs., 8 figs.

Benson, S.M.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Bryan, Hannegan, Energy Systems Integration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and solar means lesser but more variable use of other assets * High efficiency, demand response, and new loads are changing demand and making it more variable * ExisIng T&D grid...

236

West Hackberry Strategic Petroleum Reserve site brine-disposal monitoring, Year I report. Volume II. Physical and chemical oceanography. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This project centers around the Strategic Petroleum Site (SPR) known as the West Hackberry salt dome which is located in southwestern Louisiana, and which is designed to store 241 million barrels of crude oil. Oil storage caverns are formed by injecting water into salt deposits, and pumping out the resulting brine. Studies described in this report were designed as follow-on studies to three months of pre-discharge characterization work, and include data collected during the first year of brine leaching operations. The objectives were to: (1) characterize the environment in terms of physical, chemical and biological attributes; (2) determine if significant adverse changes in ecosystem productivity and stability of the biological community are occurring as a result of brine discharge; and (3) determine the magnitude of any change observed. Contents of Volume II include: introduction; physical oceanography; estuarine hydrology and hydrography; analysis of discharge plume; and water and sediment quality.

DeRouen, L.R.; Hann, R.W.; Casserly, D.M.; Giammona, C.; Lascara, V.J. (eds.)

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

West Hackberry Strategic Petroleum Reserve site brine-disposal monitoring, Year I report. Volume IV. Bibliography and supporting data for physical oceanography. Final report. [421 references  

SciTech Connect

This project centers around the Strategic Petroleum Site (SPR) known as the West Hackberry salt dome which is located in southwestern Louisiana and which is designed to store 241 million barrels of crude oil. Oil storage caverns are formed by injecting water into salt deposits, and pumping out the resulting brine. Studies described in this report were designed as follow-on studies to three months of pre-discharge characterization work, and include data collected during the first year of brine leaching operations. The objectives were to: (1) characterize the environment in terms of physical, chemical and biological attributes; (2) determine if significant adverse changes in ecosystem productivity and stability of the biological community are occurring as a result of brine discharge; and (3) determine the magnitude of any change observed. Volume IV contains the following: bibliography; appendices for supporting data for physical oceanography, and summary of the physical oceanography along the western Louisiana coast.

DeRouen, L.R.; Hann, R.W.; Casserly, D.M.; Giammona, C.; Lascara, V.J. (eds.) [eds.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

The implications of UIC and NPDES regulations on selection of disposal options for spent geothermal brine  

SciTech Connect

This document reviews and evaluates the various options for the disposal of geothermal wastewater with respect to the promulgated regulations for the protection of surface and groundwaters. The Clean Water Act of 1977 and the Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments are especially important when designing disposal systems for geothermal fluids. The former promulgates regulations concerning the discharge of wastewater into surface waters, while the latter is concerned with the protection of ground water aquifers through the establishment of underground injection control (UIC) programs. There is a specific category for geothermal fluid discharge if injection is to be used as a method of disposal. Prior to February 1982, the UIC regulations required geothermal power plant to use Class III wells and direct use plants to use Class V wells. More stringent regulatory requirements, including construction specification and monitoring, are imposed on the Class III wells. On February 3, 1982, the classification of geothermal injection wells was changed from a Class III to Class V on the basis that geothermal wells do not inject for the extraction of minerals or energy, but rather they are used to inject brines, from which heat has been extracted, into formations from which they were originally taken. This reclassification implies that a substantial cost reduction will be realized for geothermal fluid injection primarily because well monitoring is no longer mandatory. The Clean Water Act of 1977 provides the legal basis for regulating the discharge of liquid effluent into the nation's surface waters, through a permitting system called the National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Discharge quantities, rates, concentrations and temperatures are regulated by the NPDES permits. These permits systems are based upon effluent guidelines developed by EPA on an industry by industry basis. For geothermal energy industry, effluent guidelines have not been formulated and are not currently scheduled. There, are however, water quality standards that control the quantity and quality of wastewaters discharged into surface waters. These standards are established by the states in concert with EPA, and frequently result in NPDES conditions more restrictive than those based on effluent guidelines.

None

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Modifications of Carbonate Fracture Hydrodynamic Properties by CO{sub 2}-Acidified Brine Flow  

SciTech Connect

Acidic reactive flow in fractures is relevant in subsurface activities such as CO{sub 2} geological storage and hydraulic fracturing. Understanding reaction-induced changes in fracture hydrodynamic properties is essential for predicting subsurface flows such as leakage, injectability, and fluid production. In this study, x-ray computed tomography scans of a fractured carbonate caprock were used to create three dimensional reconstructions of the fracture before and after reaction with CO{sub 2}-acidified brine (Ellis et al., 2011, Greenhouse Gases: Sci. Technol., 1:248-260). As expected, mechanical apertures were found to increase substantially, doubling and even tripling in some places. However, the surface geometry evolved in complex ways including ‘comb-tooth’ structures created from preferential dissolution of calcite in transverse sedimentary bands, and the creation of degraded zones, i.e. porous calcite-depleted areas on reacted fracture surfaces. These geometric alterations resulted in increased fracture roughness, as measured by surface Z{sub 2} parameters and fractal dimensions D{sub f}. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were conducted to quantify the changes in hydraulic aperture, fracture transmissivity and permeability. The results show that the effective hydraulic apertures are smaller than the mechanical apertures, and the changes in hydraulic apertures are nonlinear. Overestimation of flow rate by a factor of two or more would be introduced if fracture hydrodynamic properties were based on mechanical apertures, or if hydraulic aperture is assumed to change proportionally with mechanical aperture. The differences can be attributed, in part, to the increase in roughness after reaction, and is likely affected by contiguous transverse sedimentary features. Hydraulic apertures estimated by the 1D statistical model and 2D local cubic law (LCL) model are consistently larger than those calculated from the CFD simulations. In addition, a novel ternary segmentation method was devised to handle the degraded zones, allowing for a bounding analysis of the effects on hydraulic properties. We found that the degraded zones account for less than 15% of the fracture volume, but cover 70% to 80% of the fracture surface. When the degraded zones are treated as part of the fracture, the fracture transmissivities are two to four times larger because the fracture surfaces after reaction are not as rough as they would be if one considers the degraded zone as part of the rock. Therefore, while degraded zones created during geochemical reactions may not significantly increase mechanical aperture, this type of feature cannot be ignored and should be treated with prudence when predicting fracture hydrodynamic properties.

Deng, Hang; Ellis, Brian R.; Peters, Catherine A.; Fitts, Jeffrey P.; Crandall, Dustin; Bromhal, Grant S.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

EVALUATIONS OF RADIONUCLIDES OF URANIUM, THORIUM, AND RADIUM ASSOCIATED WITH PRODUCED FLUIDS, PRECIPITATES, AND SLUDGES FROM OIL, GAS, AND OILFIELD BRINE INJECTION WELLS IN MISSISSIPPI  

SciTech Connect

Naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) are known to be produced as a byproduct of hydrocarbon production in Mississippi. The presence of NORM has resulted in financial losses to the industry and continues to be a liability as the NORM-enriched scales and scale encrusted equipment is typically stored rather than disposed of. Although the NORM problem is well known, there is little publically available data characterizing the hazard. This investigation has produced base line data to fill this informational gap. A total of 329 NORM-related samples were collected with 275 of these samples consisting of brine samples. The samples were derived from 37 oil and gas reservoirs from all major producing areas of the state. The analyses of these data indicate that two isotopes of radium ({sup 226}Ra and {sup 228}Ra) are the ultimate source of the radiation. The radium contained in these co-produced brines is low and so the radiation hazard posed by the brines is also low. Existing regulations dictate the manner in which these salt-enriched brines may be disposed of and proper implementation of the rules will also protect the environment from the brine radiation hazard. Geostatistical analyses of the brine components suggest relationships between the concentrations of {sup 226}Ra and {sup 228}Ra, between the Cl concentration and {sup 226}Ra content, and relationships exist between total dissolved solids, BaSO{sub 4} saturation and concentration of the Cl ion. Principal component analysis points to geological controls on brine chemistry, but the nature of the geologic controls could not be determined. The NORM-enriched barite (BaSO{sub 4}) scales are significantly more radioactive than the brines. Leaching studies suggest that the barite scales, which were thought to be nearly insoluble in the natural environment, can be acted on by soil microorganisms and the enclosed radium can become bioavailable. This result suggests that the landspreading means of scale disposal should be reviewed. This investigation also suggests 23 specific components of best practice which are designed to provide a guide to safe handling of NORM in the hydrocarbon industry. The components of best practice include both worker safety and suggestions to maintain waste isolation from the environment.

Charles Swann; John Matthews; Rick Ericksen; Joel Kuszmaul

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Effects of a sulfide system produced by a natural brine seep on sandy-bottom community structure at the East Flower Garden Bank, northwest Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EFFECTS OF A SULFIDE SYSTEM PRODUCED BY A NATURAL BRINE SEEP ON SANDY-BOTTOM COI'1MUNITY STRUCTURE AT THE EAST FLOWER GARDEN BANK, NORTHWEST GULF OF MEXICO A Thesis by EDWARD ANDREW WOODS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM... University in partia 1 fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1982 Major Subject: Oceanography EFFECTS OF A SULFIDE SYSTEM PRODUCED BY A NATURAL BRINE SEEP ON SANDY-BOTTOM COMMUNITY STRUCTURE AT THE EAST FLOWER...

Woods, Edward Andrew

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

242

Metamorphosed Plio-Pleistocene evaporites and the origins of hypersaline brines in the Salton Sea geothermal system, California: Fluid inclusion evidence  

SciTech Connect

The Salton Sea geothermal system (SSGS) occurs in Plio-Pleistocene deltaic-lacustrine-evaporite sediments deposited in the Salton Trough, an active continental rift zone. Temperatures up to 365{degree}C and hypersaline brines with up to 26 wt.% TDS are encountered at 1-3 km depth in the sediments, which are undergoing active greenschist facies hydrothermal metamorphism. Previous models for the origins of the Na-Ca-K-Cl brines have assumed that the high salinities were derived mainly from the downward percolation of cold, dense brines formed by low-temperature dissolution of shallow non-marine evaporites. New drillcores from the central part of the geothermal field contain metamorphosed, bedded evaporites at 1 km depth consisting largely of hornfelsic anhydrite interbedded with anhydrite-cemented solution-collapse shale breccias. Fluid inclusions trapped within the bedded and breccia-cementing anhydrite homogenize at 300{degree}C and contain saline Na-Ca-K-Cl brines. Some of the inclusions contain up to 50 vol.% halite, sylvite and carbonate crystals at room temperature, and some halite crystals persist to above 300{degree}C upon laboratory heating. The data are consistent with the trapping of halite-saturated Na-Ca-K-Cl fluids during hydrothermal metamorphism of the evaporites and accompanying solution collapse of interbedded shales. The authors conclude that many of the slat crystals in inclusions are the residuum of bedded evaporitic salt that was dissolved during metamorphism by heated connate fluids.

McKibben, M.A.; Williams, A.E.; Okubo, Susumu (Univ. of California, Riverside (USA))

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Results of brine flow testing and disassembly of a crushed salt/bentonite block seal at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect

The Small-Scale Seal Performance Tests, Series C, a set of in situ experiments conducted at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, are designed to evaluate the performance of various seal materials emplaced in large (0.9-m-diameter) boreholes. This report documents the results of fluid (brine) flow testing and water and clay content analyses performed on one emplaced seal comprised of 100% salt blocks and 50%/50% crushed salt/bentonite blocks and disassembled after nearly three years of brine injection testing. Results from the water content analyses of 212 samples taken from within this seal show uniform water content throughout the 50%/50% salt/bentonite blocks with saturations about 100%. Clay content analyses from the 100% salt endcaps of the seal show a background clay content of about 1% by weight uniformly distributed, with the exception of samples taken at the base of the seal at the borehole wall interface. These samples show clay contents up to 3% by weight, which suggests some bentonite may have migrated under pressure to that interface. Results of the brine-flow testing show that the permeability to brine for this seal was about 2 to 3 {times} 10{sup {minus}4} darcy (2 to 3 {times} 10{sup {minus}16} m{sup 2}).

Finley, R.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Jones, R.L. [Tech. Reps., Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Potential for the localized corrosion of alloy 22 Waste Packages in Multiple-Salt Deliquescent Brines in the Yucca Mountain Repository  

SciTech Connect

It has been postulated that the deliquescence of multiple-salt systems in dust deposits and the consequent localized corrosion in high-temperature brines could lead to premature failure of the Alloy 22 waste packages in the Yucca Mountain repository. EPRI has developed a decision tree approach to determine if the various stages leading to waste package failure are possible and whether the safety of the repository system could be compromised as a result. Through a series of arguments, EPRI has shown that it is highly unlikely that the multiple-salt deliquescent brines will form in the first place and, even if they did, that they would not be thermodynamically stable, that the postulated brines are not corrosive and would not lead to the initiation of localized corrosion of Alloy 22, that even if localized corrosion did initiate that the propagation would stifle and cease long before penetration of the waste package outer barrier, and that even if premature waste package failures did occur from this cause that the safety of the overall system would not be compromised. EPRI concludes, therefore, that the postulated localized corrosion of the waste packages due to high-temperature deliquescent brines is neither a technical nor a safety issue of concern for the Yucca Mountain repository. (authors)

King, F. [Integrity Corrosion Consulting, Ltd., Calgary, AB (Canada); Arthur, R.; Apted, M. [Monitor Scientific LLC, Denver, CO (United States); Kessler, J.H. [Electric Power Research Institute, Charlotte, NC (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Reactive transport modeling to study changes in water chemistry induced by CO2 injection at the Frio-I brine pilot  

SciTech Connect

To demonstrate the potential for geologic storage of CO{sub 2} in saline aquifers, the Frio-I Brine Pilot was conducted, during which 1600 tons of CO{sub 2} were injected into a high-permeability sandstone and the resulting subsurface plume of CO{sub 2} was monitored using a variety of hydrogeological, geophysical, and geochemical techniques. Fluid samples were obtained before CO{sub 2} injection for baseline geochemical characterization, during the CO{sub 2} injection to track its breakthrough at a nearby observation well, and after injection to investigate changes in fluid composition and potential leakage into an overlying zone. Following CO{sub 2} breakthrough at the observation well, brine samples showed sharp drops in pH, pronounced increases in HCO{sub 3}{sup -} and aqueous Fe, and significant shifts in the isotopic compositions of H{sub 2}O and dissolved inorganic carbon. Based on a calibrated 1-D radial flow model, reactive transport modeling was performed for the Frio-I Brine Pilot. A simple kinetic model of Fe release from the solid to aqueous phase was developed, which can reproduce the observed increases in aqueous Fe concentration. Brine samples collected after half a year had lower Fe concentrations due to carbonate precipitation, and this trend can be also captured by our modeling. The paper provides a method for estimating potential mobile Fe inventory, and its bounding concentration in the storage formation from limited observation data. Long-term simulations show that the CO{sub 2} plume gradually spreads outward due to capillary forces, and the gas saturation gradually decreases due to its dissolution and precipitation of carbonates. The gas phase is predicted to disappear after 500 years. Elevated aqueous CO{sub 2} concentrations remain for a longer time, but eventually decrease due to carbonate precipitation. For the Frio-I Brine Pilot, all injected CO{sub 2} could ultimately be sequestered as carbonate minerals.

Kharaka, Y.K; Doughty, C.; Freifeld, B.M.; Daley, T.M.; Xu, T.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Economic and thermal feasibility of multi stage flash desalination plant with brine–feed mixing and cooling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Improving the performance of MSF (multi stage flash) desalination plants is a major challenge for desalination industry. High feed temperature in summer shortens the evaporation range of MSF plants and limits their yield. Installing a cooler at the feed intake expands the evaporation range of MSF plants and increases their yield. Adding a cooler and a mixing chamber increases the capital and operational costs of MSF plants. This paper presents thermal and economic analysis of installing a feed cooler at the plant intake. The profit of selling the additionally produced water must cover the cost of the cooling system. The selling prices for a reasonable breakeven depend on the selected cooling temperature. The cost of installing coolers capable of maintaining feed–brine mixture temperatures of 18–20 °C shows breakeven selling prices of 0.5–0.9 $/m3. These prices fall within the current range of potable water selling prices.

Majed M. Alhazmy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Interpretation of brine-permeability tests of the Salado Formation at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant site: First interim report  

SciTech Connect

Pressure-pulse tests have been performed in bedded evaporites of the Salado Formation at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) site to evaluate the hydraulic properties controlling brine flow through the Salado. Hydraulic conductivities ranging from about 10{sup {minus}14} to 10{sup {minus}11} m/s (permeabilities of about 10{sup {minus}21} to 10{sup {minus}18} m{sup 2}) have been interpreted from nine tests conducted on five stratigraphic intervals within eleven meters of the WIPP underground excavations. Tests of a pure halite layer showed no measurable permeability. Pore pressures in the stratigraphic intervals range from about 0.5 to 9.3 MPa. An anhydrite interbed (Marker Bed 139) appears to be one or more orders of magnitude more permeable than the surrounding halite. Hydraulic conductivities appear to increase, and pore pressures decrease, with increasing proximity to the excavations. These effects are particularly evident within two to three meters of the excavations. Two tests indicated the presence of apparent zero-flow boundaries about two to three meters from the boreholes. The other tests revealed no apparent boundaries within the radii of influence of the tests, which were calculated to range from about four to thirty-five meters from the test holes. The data are insufficient to determine if brine flow through evaporites results from Darcy-like flow driven by pressure gradients within naturally interconnected porosity or from shear deformation around excavations connecting previously isolated pores, thereby providing pathways for fluids at or near lithostatic pressure to be driven towards the low-pressure excavations. Future testing will be performed at greater distances from the excavations to evaluate hydraulic properties and processes beyond the range of excavation effects.

Beauheim, R.L. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Saulnier, G.J. Jr.; Avis, J.D. (INTERA, Inc., Austin, TX (United States))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Semi-analytical model of brine and CO2 leakage through an abandoned plugged well. Applications for determining an Area of Review and CO2 leakage rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Semi-analytical model of brine and CO2 leakage through an abandoned plugged well. Applications for determining an Area of Review and CO2 leakage rate Arnaud Réveillère, Jérémy Rohmer, Frédéric Wertz / contact the leak, and of CO2,g as a first approach. Compared to the state of the art, it adds the possibility

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

249

INTRAVAL Phase 2 WIPP 1 test case report: Modeling of brine flow through halite at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant site  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the WIPP 1 test case studied as part of INTRAVAL, an international project to study validation of geosphere transport models. The WIPP 1 test case involved simulation of measured brine-inflow rates to boreholes drilled into the halite strata surrounding the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant repository. The goal of the test case was to evaluate the use of Darcy`s law to describe brine flow through halite. The general approach taken was to try to obtain values of permeability and specific capacitance that would be: (1) consistent with other available data and (2) able to provide reasonable simulations of all of the brine-inflow experiments performed in the Salado Formation. All of the teams concluded that the average permeability of the halite strata penetrated by the holes was between approximately 10{sup {minus}22} and 10{sup {minus}21} m{sup 2}. Specific capacitances greater than 10{sup {minus}10} Pa{sup {minus}1} are inconsistent with the known constitutive properties of halite and are attributed to deformation, possibly ongoing, of the halite around the WIPP excavations. All project teams found that Darcy-flow models could replicate the experimental data in a consistent and reasonable manner. Discrepancies between the data and simulations are attributed to inadequate representation in the models of processes modifying the pore-pressure field in addition to the experiments themselves, such as ongoing deformation of the rock around the excavations. Therefore, the conclusion from the test case is that Darcy-flow models can reliably be used to predict brine flow to WIPP excavations, provided that the flow modeling is coupled with measurement and realistic modeling of the pore-pressure field around the excavations. This realistic modeling of the pore-pressure field would probably require coupling to a geomechanical model of the stress evolution around the repository.

Beauheim, R.L. [ed.] [ed.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Water quality in the vicinity of Mosquito Creek Lake, Trumbull County, Ohio, in relation of the chemistry of locally occurring oil, natural gas, and brine  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to describe current water quality and the chemistry of oil, natural gas, and brine in the Mosquito Creek Lake area. Additionally, these data are used to characterize water quality in the Mosquito Creek Lake area in relation to past oil and natural gas well drilling and production. To meet the overall objective, several goals for this investigation were established. These include (1) collect water-quality and subsurface-gas data from shallow sediments and rock that can be used for future evaluation of possible effects of oil and natural gas well drilling and production on water supplies, (2) characterize current surface-water and ground-water quality as it relates to the natural occurrence and (or) release of oil, gas, and brine (3) sample and chemically characterize the oil in the shallow Mecca Oil Pool, gas from the Berea and Cussewago Sandstone aquifers, and the oil, gas, and brine from the Clinton sandstone, and (4) identify areas where aquifers are vulnerable to contamination from surface spills at oil and natural gas drilling and production sites.

Barton, G.J.; Burruss, R.C.; Ryder, R.T.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

251

Strontium isotope quantification of siderite, brine and acid mine drainage contributions to abandoned gas well discharges in the Appalachian Plateau  

SciTech Connect

Unplugged abandoned oil and gas wells in the Appalachian region can serve as conduits for the movement of waters impacted by fossil fuel extraction. Strontium isotope and geochemical analysis indicate that artesian discharges of water with high total dissolved solids (TDS) from a series of gas wells in western Pennsylvania result from the infiltration of acidic, low Fe (Fe < 10 mg/L) coal mine drainage (AMD) into shallow, siderite (iron carbonate)-cemented sandstone aquifers. The acidity from the AMD promotes dissolution of the carbonate, and metal- and sulfate-contaminated waters rise to the surface through compromised abandoned gas well casings. Strontium isotope mixing models suggest that neither upward migration of oil and gas brines from Devonian reservoirs associated with the wells nor dissolution of abundant nodular siderite present in the mine spoil through which recharge water percolates contribute significantly to the artesian gas well discharges. Natural Sr isotope composition can be a sensitive tool in the characterization of complex groundwater interactions and can be used to distinguish between inputs from deep and shallow contamination sources, as well as between groundwater and mineralogically similar but stratigraphically distinct rock units. This is of particular relevance to regions such as the Appalachian Basin, where a legacy of coal, oil and gas exploration is coupled with ongoing and future natural gas drilling into deep reservoirs.

Chapman, Elizabeth C.; Capo, Rosemary C.; Stewart, Brian W.; Hedin, Robert S.; Weaver, Theodore J.; Edenborn, Harry M.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Constraining the reservoir model of an injected CO2 plume with crosswell CASSM at the Frio-II brine plot  

SciTech Connect

Crosswell CASSM (continuous active-source seismic monitoring) data was acquired as part of the Frio-II brine pilot CO{sub 2} injection experiment. To gain insight into the CO{sub 2} plume evolution, we have integrated the 3D multiphase flow modeling code TOUGH2 with seismic simulation codes via a petrophysical model that predicts seismic velocity for a given CO{sub 2} saturation. Results of forward seismic modeling based on the CO{sub 2} saturation distribution produced by an initial TOUGH2 model compare poorly with the CASSM data, indicating that the initial flow model did not capture the actual CO{sub 2} plume dynamics. Updates to the TOUGH2 model required to better match the CASSM field data indicate vertical flow near the injection well, with increased horizontal plume growth occurring at the top of the reservoir sand. The CASSM continuous delay time data are ideal for constraining the modeled spatiotemporal evolution of the CO{sub 2} plume and allow improvement in reservoir model and estimation of CO{sub 2} plume properties.

Daley, T.M.; Ajo-Franklin, J.; Doughty, C.A.

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

253

Effect of explicit representation of detailed stratigraphy on brine and gas flow at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect

Stratigraphic units of the Salado Formation at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) disposal room horizon includes various layers of halite, polyhalitic halite, argillaceous halite, clay, and anhydrite. Current models, including those used in the WIPP Performance Assessment calculations, employ a ``composite stratigraphy`` approach in modeling. This study was initiated to evaluate the impact that an explicit representation of detailed stratigraphy around the repository may have on fluid flow compared to the simplified ``composite stratigraphy`` models currently employed. Sensitivity of model results to intrinsic permeability anisotropy, interbed fracturing, two-phase characteristic curves, and gas-generation rates were studied. The results of this study indicate that explicit representation of the stratigraphy maintains higher pressures and does not allow as much fluid to leave the disposal room as compared to the ``composite stratigraphy`` approach. However, the differences are relatively small. Gas migration distances are also different between the two approaches. However, for the two cases in which explicit layering results were considerably different than the composite model (anisotropic and vapor-limited), the gas-migration distances for both models were negligible. For the cases in which gas migration distances were considerable, van Genuchten/Parker and interbed fracture, the differences between the two models were fairly insignificant. Overall, this study suggests that explicit representation of the stratigraphy in the WIPP PA models is not required for the parameter variations modeled if ``global quantities`` (e.g., disposal room pressures, net brine and gas flux into and out of disposal rooms) are the only concern.

Christian-Frear, T.L.; Webb, S.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Geohydrology Dept.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

CX-004344: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

344: Categorical Exclusion Determination 344: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004344: Categorical Exclusion Determination Bryan Mound Replace Interior and Exterior Entryway to Building 201 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 10/13/2010 Location(s): Bryan Mound, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office Subcontractor shall provide all materials, equipment, tools, transportation, supervision, and labor needed to replace the interior and exterior entryway to Bryan Mound Building 201. Tasks include replacement of the entryways with new glass, framing, doors, door hardware, closing devices, glass tinting, and signage. DOCUMENT(S) AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD CX-004344.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-009527: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-000485: Categorical Exclusion Determination

255

Strategic petroleum reserve site environmental report for calendar year 1995  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Site Environmental Report (SER) is to characterize site environmental management performance, confirm compliance with environmental standards and requirements, and highlight significant programs and efforts. Included in this report is a description of each site`s environment, an overview of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) environmental program, and a recapitulation of special environmental activities and events associated with each SPR site during 1995. Two of these highlights include decommissioning of 3 the weeks Island facility, involving the disposition of 11.6 million m{sup 3} (73 million barrels) of crude oil inventory, as well as the degasification of over 4.5 million m{sup 3} (30 million barrels) of crude oil inventory at the Bryan Mound and West Hackberry facilities. The decision to decommission the weeks Island facility is a result of diminishing mine integrity from ground water intrusion. Transfer of Weeks Island oil began in November, 1995 with 2.0 million m{sup 3} (12.5 million barrels) transferred by December 31, 1995. Degasifying the crude oil is a major pollution prevention initiative because it will reduce potentially harmful emissions that would occur during oil movements by three or more orders of magnitude. Spills to the environment, another major topic, indicates a positive trend. There were only two reportable oil and three reportable brine spills during 1995, down from a total of 10 reportable spills in 1994. Total volume of oil spilled in 1995 was 56.3 m{sup 3} (354 barrels), and the total volume of brine spilled was 131.1 m{sup 3} (825 barrels). The longer term trend for oil and brine spills has declined substantially from 27 in 1990 down to five in 1995. All of the spills were reported to appropriate agencies and immediately cleaned up, with no long term impacts observed.

NONE

1996-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

256

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BM-09-111  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 11 Title: Provide Clear Zone Around Bryan Mound Description: Subcontractor shall furnish all materials, tools, equipment, supplies, transportation, labor, supervision, and service required to machine clear standing vegetation at the Bryan Mound site. The total area to be cleared does not exceed 132 acres. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following:

257

Accident Investigation of the February 7, 2013, Scissor Lift Accident in the West Hackberry Brine Tank-14 Resulting in Injury, Strategic Petroleum Reserve West Hackberry, LA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On February 15, 2013, an Accident Investigation Board (the Board) was appointed to investigate an accident that resulted in serious injuries caused when a scissor lift tipped over in Brine Tank-14 (WHT-14) at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, West Hackberry, Louisiana, site on February 7, 2013. The Board’s responsibilities have been completed with respect to this investigation. The analysis and the identification of the direct cause, root causes, contributing causes, and judgments of need resulting from this investigation were performed in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Order 225.1B, Accident Investigations.

258

Estimates of the solubilities of waste element radionuclides in waste isolation pilot plant brines: A report by the expert panel on the source term  

SciTech Connect

Evaluation of the long-term performance of the WIPP includes estimation of the cumulative releases of radionuclide elements to the accessible environment. Nonradioactive lead is added because of the large quantity expected in WIPP wastes. To estimate the solubilities of these elements in WIPP brines, the Panel used the following approach. Existing thermodynamic data were used to identify the most likely aqueous species in solution through the construction of aqueous speciation diagrams. Existing thermodynamic data and expert judgment were used to identify potential solubility-limiting solid phases. Thermodynamic data were used to calculate the activities of the radionuclide aqueous species in equilibrium with each solid. Activity coefficients of the radionuclide-bearing aqueous species were estimated using Pitzer`s equations. These activity coefficients were then used to calculate the concentration of each radionuclide at the 0.1 and 0.9 fractiles. The 0.5 fractile was chosen to represent experimental data with activity coefficient corrections as described above. Expert judgment was used to develop the 0.0, 0.25, 0.75, and 1.0 fractiles by considering the sensitivity of solubility to the potential variability in the composition of brine and gas, and the extent of waste contaminants, and extending the probability distributions accordingly. The results were used in the 1991 and 1992 performance assessment calculations. 68 refs.

Hobart, D.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); [Glenn T. Seaborg Inst. for Transactinium Science, Livermore, CA (United States); Bruton, C.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States). Earth Sciences Dept.; Millero, F.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); [Univ. of Miami, FL (United States). Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science; Chou, I.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); [Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States); Trauth, K.M.; Anderson, D.R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Chemistry of fluid inclusions in halite from the Salina group of the Michigan basin: Implications for Late Silurian seawater and the origin of sedimentary brines  

SciTech Connect

Fluid was extracted from 18 fluid inclusions in halite of the Late Silurian Salina Group exposed in the Crystal Mine on the outskirts of Detroit, Michigan. Compared with modern seawater evaporated to the same degree, the inclusion fluids are severely depleted in SO{sub 4}{sup {minus}2}, somewhat depleted in Na{sup +} and Mg{sup +2}, and greatly enriched in Ca{sup +2}. The composition of the inclusion fluids can be derived from Silurian seawater with a composition close to that of modern seawater, if it is assumed that the composition of the Silurian seawater was modified by dolomitizing CaCO{sub 3}-rich sediments and by albitizing silicate minerals during its evolution into evaporite brines. Since the evolution of the brines involved a number of chemical reactions, it is impossible to recover the initial concentration of all of the major ions in the parent Silurian seawater from the composition of the inclusion fluids alone. It is likely, however, that the m{sub K+}/m{sub Br-} ratio and the functions in Late Silurian seawater had values close to those of modern seawater. Measurements of the isotopic composition of sulfur and of Sr in anhydrite within and associated with the halite host of the fluid inclusions are consistent with previous measurements of {delta}{sup 34}S in Silurian marine anhydrites and with the {sup 87}Sr/{sup 86}Sr ratios of Late Silurian marine carbonates.

Das, N.; Horita, J.; Holland, H.D. (Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (USA))

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

1989 Annual environmental report for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

SciTech Connect

This report, provided annually, summarizes monitoring data collected to assess Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) impacts on the environment. The report serves as a management tool for mitigating such impacts, thus serving the public interest by ensuring environmentally sound operation of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Included is a description of each site's environment, an overview of the SPR environmental program, and a recapitulation of special environmental activities and events associated with each SPR site during 1989. The active permits and the results of the environmental monitoring program (i.e., air, surface water, groundwater, and waste discharges) are discussed by site. The quality assurance program is presented which includes results from laboratory and field audits and studies performed internally and by regulatory agencies. In general, no significant adverse environmental impact resulted from SPR activities during 1989, except for a brine release from a pipeline perforation south of the Bryan Mound site adversely affecting a small area of marsh vegetation which is recovering at this time. 22 refs., 15 figs., 17 tabs.

Not Available

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Batteries from Brine  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Low-temp geothermal technologies are meeting a growing demand for strategic materials in clean manufacturing.

262

Desalination: Freezing out Brine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... PLANS for a large experimental desalination plant to be built at Ipswich are being considered by the government, Lord Kennet, ... by repeated condensation. This method has been adopted by several countries which have embarked on desalination programmes, but its economic viability has often been questioned. The power consumed by the ...

1970-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

263

An integrated experimental and numerical study: Developing a reaction transport model that couples chemical reactions of mineral dissolution/precipitation with spatial and temporal flow variations in CO2/brine/rock systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Project objectives: Generate and characterize mineral dissolution/precipitation reactions in supercritical CO2/brine/rock systems under pressure-temperature-chemistry conditions resembling CO2injection into EGS. Characterize three-dimensional spatial and temporal distributions of rock structures subject to mineral dissolution/precipitation processes by X-ray tomography, SEM imaging, and Microprobe analysis.

264

Reduced-Order Model for the Geochemical Impacts of Carbon Dioxide, Brine and Trace Metal Leakage into an Unconfined, Oxidizing Carbonate Aquifer, Version 2.1  

SciTech Connect

The National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP) consists of 5 U.S DOE national laboratories collaborating to develop a framework for predicting the risks associated with carbon sequestration. The approach taken by NRAP is to divide the system into components, including injection target reservoirs, wellbores, natural pathways including faults and fractures, groundwater and the atmosphere. Next, develop a detailed, physics and chemistry-based model of each component. Using the results of the detailed models, develop efficient, simplified models, termed reduced order models (ROM) for each component. Finally, integrate the component ROMs into a system model that calculates risk profiles for the site. This report details the development of the Groundwater Geochemistry ROM for the Edwards Aquifer at PNNL. The Groundwater Geochemistry ROM for the Edwards Aquifer uses a Wellbore Leakage ROM developed at LANL as input. The detailed model, using the STOMP simulator, covers a 5x8 km area of the Edwards Aquifer near San Antonio, Texas. The model includes heterogeneous hydraulic properties, and equilibrium, kinetic and sorption reactions between groundwater, leaked CO2 gas, brine, and the aquifer carbonate and clay minerals. Latin Hypercube sampling was used to generate 1024 samples of input parameters. For each of these input samples, the STOMP simulator was used to predict the flux of CO2 to the atmosphere, and the volume, length and width of the aquifer where pH was less than the MCL standard, and TDS, arsenic, cadmium and lead exceeded MCL standards. In order to decouple the Wellbore Leakage ROM from the Groundwater Geochemistry ROM, the response surface was transformed to replace Wellbore Leakage ROM input parameters with instantaneous and cumulative CO2 and brine leakage rates. The most sensitive parameters proved to be the CO2 and brine leakage rates from the well, with equilibrium coefficients for calcite and dolomite, as well as the number of illite and kaolinite sorption sites proving to be of secondary importance. The Groundwater Geochemistry ROM was developed using nonlinear regression to fit the response surface with a quadratic polynomial. The goodness of fit was excellent for the CO2 flux to the atmosphere, and very good for predicting the volumes of groundwater exceeding the pH, TDS, As, Cd and Pb threshold values.

Bacon, Diana H.

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

265

DOE/EA-1482: Environmental Assessment for Pilot Experiment for Geological Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide in Saline Aquifer Brine Formations (October 2003)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

82 82 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PILOT EXPERIMENT FOR GEOLOGICAL SEQUESTRATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN SALINE AQUIFER BRINE FORMATIONS FRIO FORMATION, LIBERTY COUNTY, TEXAS OCTOBER 2003 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY ii iii National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Cover Sheet Proposed Action: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to provide funds for a field test of the geological sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). The Bureau of Economic Geology (BEG) at The University of Texas at Austin, under contract with DOE, has studied the potential for sequestration of CO 2 in geologic formations of the United States as part of a broader series of DOE-sponsored research projects to

266

A Comparison of the Corrosion Resistance of Iron-Based Amorphous Metals and Austenitic Alloys in Synthetic Brines at Elevated Temperature  

SciTech Connect

Several hard, corrosion-resistant and neutron-absorbing iron-based amorphous alloys have now been developed that can be applied as thermal spray coatings. These new alloys include relatively high concentrations of Cr, Mo, and W for enhanced corrosion resistance, and substantial B to enable both glass formation and neutron absorption. The corrosion resistances of these novel alloys have been compared to that of several austenitic alloys in a broad range of synthetic brines, with and without nitrate inhibitor, at elevated temperature. Linear polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy have been used for in situ measurement of corrosion rates for prolonged periods of time, while scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive analysis of X-rays (EDAX) have been used for ex situ characterization of samples at the end of tests. The application of these new coatings for the protection of spent nuclear fuel storage systems, equipment in nuclear service, steel-reinforced concrete will be discussed.

Farmer, J C

2008-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

267

Strategic Petroleum Reserve Site Environmental Report for calendar year 1994  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Site Environmental Report (SER) is to characterize site environmental management performance, confirm compliance with environmental standards and requirements, and highlight significant programs and efforts. The SER, provided annually in accordance with Department of Energy DOE Order 5400.1, serves the public by summarizing monitoring data collected to assess how the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) impacts the environment. This report (SER) provides a balanced synopsis of non-radiological monitoring and regulatory compliance data and affirms that the SPR has been operating within acceptable regulatory limits. Included in this report is a description of each site`s environment, an overview of the SPR environmental program, and a recapitulation of special environmental activities and events associated with each SPR site during 1994. Two of these highlights include decommissioning of the Weeks Island facility (disposition of 73 million barrels of crude oil inventory) as well as the degasification of up to 144 million barrels of crude oil inventory at the Bayou Choctaw, Big Hill, Bryan Mound, and West Hackberry facilities. The decision to decommission the Weeks Island facility is a result of diminishing mine integrity from ground water intrusion. Degasifying the crude oil is required to reduce potentially harmful emissions that would occur during oil movements. With regard to still another major environmental action, 43 of the original 84 environmental findings from the 1992 DOE Tiger Team Assessment were closed by the end of 1994. Spills to the environment, another major topic, indicates a positive trend. Total volume of oil spilled in 1994 was only 39 barrels, down from 232 barrels in 1993, and the total volume of brine spilled was only 90 barrels, down from 370 barrels in 1993. The longer term trend for oil and brine spills has declined substantially from 27 in 1990 down to nine in 1994.

NONE

1995-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

268

Preliminary performance assessment for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, December 1992. Volume 5, Uncertainty and sensitivity analyses of gas and brine migration for undisturbed performance  

SciTech Connect

Before disposing of transuranic radioactive waste in the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the United States Department of Energy (DOE) must evaluate compliance with applicable long-term regulations of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Sandia National Laboratories is conducting iterative performance assessments (PAs) of the WIPP for the DOE to provide interim guidance while preparing for a final compliance evaluation. This volume of the 1992 PA contains results of uncertainty and sensitivity analyses with respect to migration of gas and brine from the undisturbed repository. Additional information about the 1992 PA is provided in other volumes. Volume 1 contains an overview of WIPP PA and results of a preliminary comparison with 40 CFR 191, Subpart B. Volume 2 describes the technical basis for the performance assessment, including descriptions of the linked computational models used in the Monte Carlo analyses. Volume 3 contains the reference data base and values for input parameters used in consequence and probability modeling. Volume 4 contains uncertainty and sensitivity analyses with respect to the EPA`s Environmental Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes (40 CFR 191, Subpart B). Finally, guidance derived from the entire 1992 PA is presented in Volume 6. Results of the 1992 uncertainty and sensitivity analyses indicate that, conditional on the modeling assumptions and the assigned parameter-value distributions, the most important parameters for which uncertainty has the potential to affect gas and brine migration from the undisturbed repository are: initial liquid saturation in the waste, anhydrite permeability, biodegradation-reaction stoichiometry, gas-generation rates for both corrosion and biodegradation under inundated conditions, and the permeability of the long-term shaft seal.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Session 21: Disposal of Flashed Brine Dosed with CaCO3 Scale Inhibitor: What Happens When the Inhibitor is Exhausted?  

SciTech Connect

Inhibited, flashed brine is thermodynamically poised to deposit CaCO{sub 3}. Eventually the scale inhibitor will be overcome by dilution in native reservoir fluid, sorption on rocks, slow overgrowth of CaCO{sub 3}, decomposition, or some combination of processes. Consequences to the reservoir which receives the fluid apparently have not been previously explored. However, Huff-Puff tests (monitored backflow of injected tracers), carried out at East Mesa in the summer of 1983, have provided a starting point for addressing the questions. An effective lifetime of about 14 hours is indicated for one inhibitor. Additionally, reactions between injected fluid and native resource fluid have been observed in two contexts: (1) the native fluid around the disposal well is the unflashed counterpart of the injectate; (2) the native fluid around the disposal well is chemically distinct from the injectate and from its unflashed counterpart. In the two cases investigated, situation (1) yielded significant reaction (deposition of CaCO{sub 3}) whereas, situation (2) appeared unreactive. These outcomes have important implications regarding the mechanics of reservoir management for long-term electricity production.

Michels, D.E.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Mound, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Minnesota: Energy Resources Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 44.9366295°, -93.6660719° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.9366295,"lon":-93.6660719,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

271

Models of Geothermal Brine Chemistry  

SciTech Connect

Many significant expenses encountered by the geothermal energy industry are related to chemical effects. When the composition, temperature of pressure of the fluids in the geological formation are changed, during reservoir evolution, well production, energy extraction or injection processes, the fluids that were originally at equilibrium with the formation minerals come to a new equilibrium composition, temperature and pressure. As a result, solid material can be precipitated, dissolved gases released and/or heat lost. Most geothermal energy operations experience these phenomena. For some resources, they create only minor problems. For others, they can have serious results, such as major scaling or corrosion of wells and plant equipment, reservoir permeability losses and toxic gas emission, that can significantly increase the costs of energy production and sometimes lead to site abandonment. In future operations that exploit deep heat sources and low permeability reservoirs, new chemical problems involving very high T, P rock/water interactions and unknown injection effects will arise.

Nancy Moller Weare; John H. Weare

2002-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

272

CX-007506: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

06: Categorical Exclusion Determination 06: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007506: Categorical Exclusion Determination Record of Categorical Exclusion for Bryan Mound Building BE-2 Drainage Improvements and Foundation Repair CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 11/16/2011 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office Subcontractor shall furnish all labor, materials, equipment, tools, transportation, supervision, mobile lifting equipment, and rigging required to repair timber piles which support Bryan Mound Building BE-2. Subcontractor shall modify the ground surface around the building with crushed stone to prevent soil washout and improve drainage conditions which led to disrepair of the building foundation. CX-007506.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-009716: Categorical Exclusion Determination

273

CX-006881: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

881: Categorical Exclusion Determination 881: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006881: Categorical Exclusion Determination Replacement of Obsolete Siemens S5-115H Programmable Logic Controllers CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 09/22/2011 Location(s): Big Hill, Bryan Mound, West Hackberry, Louisiana, Texas Office(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office Subcontractor shall furnish all labor, tools, equipment, materials, consumables, services, insurance, transportation, storage and supervision required for the replacement of the obsolete Siemens S5-115H programmable logic controllers (PLC?s) at the Big Hill, Bryan Mound, and West Hackberry Strategic Petroleum Reserve sites. Tasks include providing Delta V Distributed Control System equipment (redundant power supplies and controllers, input/output modules and mounting racks/chassis).

274

CX-007513: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Categorical Exclusion Determination 3: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007513: Categorical Exclusion Determination Record of Categorical Exclusion for Driver Inspection of Bryan Mound 36 inch Raw Water Pipeline CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 12/20/2011 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office Subcontractor shall provide all supervision, labor, materials, tools, supplies, transportation, facilities, equipment, and services required to perform piping inspection, ultrasonic inspections, and take epoxy impressions and photographs of the Bryan Mound Raw Water pipeline from the pig receiver to the High Pressure Pump Pad pig launcher. CX-007513.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-009792: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007505: Categorical Exclusion Determination

275

CX-009716: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Categorical Exclusion Determination 6: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-009716: Categorical Exclusion Determination Loss of a Major Transformer at Bryan Mound or West Hackberry CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 12/11/2012 Location(s): Texas, Louisiana Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office Subcontractor shall provide all transportation, materials, equipment, supplies, tools, facilities, labor and supervision required to perform the electrical work needed to install and connect spare transformer BHTX-3 for emergency use in case of the loss of a major transformer at Bryan Mound (BM) (BMMTX-1, BMMTX-2, or BMMTX-3) or West Hackberry (WH) (WHTX-1 or WHTX-2). Temporary installation of BHTX-3 at BM or WH will be on existing slabs. CX-009716.pdf More Documents & Publications CX-008826: Categorical Exclusion Determination

276

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21 - 8230 of 26,764 results. 21 - 8230 of 26,764 results. Download CX-001227: Categorical Exclusion Determination Replacement of Big Hill Deep Anode Ground Bed Site for Cavern 114 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 03/16/2010 Location(s): Big Hill, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-001227-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-001002: Categorical Exclusion Determination Replace Bryan Mound Oil/Water Separators CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 03/01/2010 Location(s): Bryan Mound, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-001002-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-001003: Categorical Exclusion Determination West Hackberry Tank (WHT)-1 and WHT-10 Liner Removal/Reline

277

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 - 2120 of 29,416 results. 11 - 2120 of 29,416 results. Download CX-001518: Categorical Exclusion Determination Re-seal Polyurethane Overcoat on BH Substation Relay Building 814 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 04/07/2010 Location(s): Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-001518-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-001002: Categorical Exclusion Determination Replace Bryan Mound Oil/Water Separators CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 03/01/2010 Location(s): Bryan Mound, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-001002-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-001003: Categorical Exclusion Determination West Hackberry Tank (WHT)-1 and WHT-10 Liner Removal/Reline

278

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

51 - 8260 of 28,560 results. 51 - 8260 of 28,560 results. Download CX-000485: Categorical Exclusion Determination Project Number BM-09-111 - Provide Clear Zone Around Bryan Mound CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 01/07/2010 Location(s): Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-000485-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-001050: Categorical Exclusion Determination Performance of a Three-Dimensional Seismic Survey Line CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 03/01/2010 Location(s): New Mexico Office(s): Carlsbad Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-001050-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-004748: Categorical Exclusion Determination Installation of Bryan Mound and West Hackberry Wellhead Survey Monuments CX(s) Applied: B1.3

279

Please cite this article in press as: Birkholzer, J.T., et al., Brine flow up a well caused by pressure perturbation from geologic carbon sequestration: Static and dynamic evaluations. Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control (2011), doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2011.01.003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by pressure perturbation from geologic carbon sequestration: Static and dynamic evaluations. Int. J.elsevier.com/locate/ijggc Brine flow up a well caused by pressure perturbation from geologic carbon sequestration: Static carbon sequestration (GCS) has drawn increasing con- sideration as a promising method to mitigate

Zhou, Quanlin

280

CO2-H2O Mixtures in the Geological Sequestration of CO2. II. Partitioning in Chloride Brines at 12-100 °C and 1-600 bar.  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

CO CO 2 -H 2 O Mixtures in the Geological Sequestration of CO 2 . II. Partitioning in Chloride Brines at 12-100°C and up to 600 bar. Nicolas Spycher and Karsten Pruess Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, MS 90-1116, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, California, USA September 2004 ABSTRACT Correlations presented by Spycher et al. (2003) to compute the mutual solubilities of CO 2 and H 2 O are extended to include the effect of chloride salts in the aqueous phase. This is accomplished by including, in the original formulation, activity coefficients for aqueous CO 2 derived from several literature sources, primarily for NaCl solutions. Best results are obtained when combining the solubility correlations of Spycher et al. (2003) with the activity coefficient formulation of Rumpf et al. (1994) and Duan and Sun (2003), which

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Evaporative Evolution of a Na-Cl-NO3-K-Ca-SO4-Mg-Si Brine at 95(degree)C: Experiments and Modeling relevant to Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA  

SciTech Connect

A synthetic Topopah Spring Tuff water representative of one type of pore water at Yucca Mountain, Nevada (USA) was evaporated at 95 C in a series of experiments to determine the geochemical controls for brines that may form on, and possibly impact upon the long-term integrity of waste containers and drip shields at the designated high-level, nuclear-waste repository. Solution chemistry, condensed vapor chemistry, and precipitate mineralogy were used to identify important chemical divides and to validate geochemical calculations of evaporating water chemistry using a high temperature Pitzer thermodynamic database. The water evolved towards a complex ''sulfate type'' brine that contained about 45 mol% Na, 40 mol% Cl, 9 mol% NO{sub 3}, 5 mol% K, and less than 1 mol% each of SO{sub 4}, Ca, Mg, {Sigma}CO{sub 2}(aq), F, and Si. All measured ions in the condensed vapor phase were below detection limits. The mineral precipitates identified were halite, anhydrite, bassanite, niter and nitratine. Trends in the solution composition and identification of CaSO{sub 4} solids suggest that fluorite, carbonate, sulfate, and magnesium-silicate precipitation control the aqueous solution composition of sulfate type waters by removing fluoride, calcium, and magnesium during the early stages of evaporation. In most cases, the high temperature Pitzer database, used by EQ3/6 geochemical code, sufficiently predicts water composition and mineral precipitation during evaporation. Predicted solution compositions are generally within a factor of two of the experimental values. The model predicts that sepiolite, bassanite, amorphous silica, calcite, halite and brucite are the solubility controlling mineral phases.

Alai, M; Sutton, M; Carroll, S A

2004-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

282

Bryan County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6.3226072° 6.3226072° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.902127,"lon":-96.3226072,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

283

Bryan County, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1.4718387° 1.4718387° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.0236584,"lon":-81.4718387,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

284

Bryan Edwards, F.R.S., 1743-1800  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the value of the West Indian colonies to Great Britain...the value of the West Indian colonies to Great Britain...West Indies, a starting point for subsequent works...27 Edwards, at this point, believed the slave...natural decline in West Indian slave numbers, saw no...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Buddy Garcia, Chairman Larry R. Soward, Commissioner Bryan W...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Mixed-oxide (MIOX) - Ref Log No. 200806-003 Engineer Contact Telephone: (806) 376-8600 Plan Review Log Number 200907-052 Carson County, Texas CN600 25009; RN100210756 Dear Mr....

286

A tribute to Henry Arthur Osmaston (19222006) BRYAN G. MARK*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's astounding life and research career spanned the better part of the 20th century and vitally linked Victorian British colonial rule, in a small town named Dehra Dun in the Himalayan foothills. His earliest memories

Howat, Ian M.

287

Examining solid waste management issues in the City of Bryan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Policy II with Mail-Unconsolidated Data ............. Logit Results for Policy II with Mail-Consolidated Data ............... Logit Results for Policy II with Pooled-Unconsolidated Data ........... Logit Results for Policy II with Pooled-Consolidated Data... for Policy III with Mail-Unconsolidated Data ............ Logit Results for Policy III with Mail-Consolidated Data ............. Logit Results for Policy III with Pooled-Unconsolidated Data .......... Logit Results for Policy III with Pooled...

Arekere, Dhananjaya Marigowda

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

288

Microsoft Word - S07757_2011 Mound IC Report  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Listings and Photos of Monitoring Wells and Seeps Listings and Photos of Monitoring Wells and Seeps This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Annual Assessment of the Effectiveness of Site-Wide Institutional Controls June 2011 Doc. No. S07757 Page D-i Contents 1.0 Parcel 6, 7, and 8 Remedy Wells and Seeps ..................................................................... D-1 2.0 OU-1 (Parcel 9) Wells ....................................................................................................... D-6 3.0 Phase I Remedy Wells and Seeps ................................................................................... D-11 Figures Figure 1. Parcel 6, 7, and 8 Groundwater and Seep Monitoring Locations ............................... D-2 Figure 2. OU-1 wells.................................................................................................................. D-7

289

Microsoft Word - S07757_2011 Mound IC Report  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Department of Energy Annual Assessment of the Effectiveness of Site-Wide Institutional Controls June 2011 Doc. No. S07757 Page C-1 Figure 1. T Building Rooms with Special ICs Annual Assessment of the Effectiveness of Site-Wide Institutional Controls U.S. Department of Energy Doc. No. S07757 June 2011 Page C-2 T Building Rooms with Special ICs In addition to the ICs for the entire site, T Building has the following additional IC restrictions as described in the Parcel 6, 7, and 8 Record of Decision. 1. Prohibit the removal of concrete floor material in specified rooms of T Building (Figure 1) to off-site locations without prior approval from EPA, OEPA, and ODH. 2. Prohibit the penetration of concrete floors in specified rooms of T Building (Figure 1)

290

On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems: Mound Systems (Spanish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tanque s?ptico Tanque bomba Tela geotextil Tubo de distribuci?n Arena Grava L-5414S 4-02 Figure 1: Un sistema de mont?culo para distribuir aguas negras tratadas al suelo. U n sistema de mont?culo para el tratamiento de aguas negras es un sistema de... campo de absorci?n colocado encima de la superficie natural del suelo. Los sistemas de mont?culo se utilizan para distribuir las aguas negras en lugares donde hay muy poca tierra antes de llegar a las aguas subterr?neas, suelos impermeables o lechos de...

Lesikar, Bruce J.

2002-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

291

State Lands Management Plan Randell Mound at Pineland  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resources . . . . . . . . . 21. Plans for Non-renewable Natural and Cultural Resources . . . . 22 and Improvements . . . . . . . . . 4. Proximity to Significant Public Resources . . . . . . . . . . . 5 RESOURCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. Resources Listed in the Florida Natural Areas Inventory . . . . 9

Slatton, Clint

292

ERDC TN-DOER-D3 Nearshore Placed Mound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

angle to the shoreline. The beach is composed of approximately 150 m3 of very well-sorted fine quartz adverse physical model effects at the beach boundaries. The recirculation system consists of 20 turbine to collect data with which to develop offshore wave characteristics. Ten acoustic Doppler velocimeters (ADVs

US Army Corps of Engineers

293

On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems: Mound System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oxygen demand (BOD 5 ), which is the amount of oxygen used by microorganisms to break down waste material. The maximum BOD 5 of pretreate waste- The On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems series of publications is a result of collaborative efforts... Extension Service Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission Texas Agricultural Experiment Station USDA Water Quality Demonstration Projects Texas On-Site Wastewater Association Consortium of Institutes for Decentralized Wastewater Treatment USDA Natural...

Lesikar, Bruce J.

2002-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

294

Microsoft Word - S07757_2011 Mound IC Report  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Bob Ransbottom, Anthony Campbell, Joe Crombie, Chuck Friedman, Ellen Stanifer, Jeff Smith, Ken Karp, Karen Reed, Jane Powell, Brian Nickel, Tim Fisher, Frank Bullock)...

295

Rock-brine chemical interactions. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The results of experimental interaction of powdered volcanic rock with aqueous solutions are presented at temperatures from 200 to 400/sup 0/C, 500 to 1000 bars fluid pressure, with reaction durations of approximately 30 days under controlled laboratory conditions. The aim of this research is to develop data on the kinetics and equilibria of rock solution interactions that will provide insight into the complex geochemical processes attending geothermal reservoir development, stimulation, and reinjection. The research was done in the Stanford Hydrothermal Lab using gold cell equipment of the Dickson design. This equipment inverts the solution rock mixture several times a minute to ensure thorough mixing. Solution samples were periodically withdrawn without interruption of the experimental conditions. The data from these experiments suggests a path dependent series of reactions by which geothermal fluids might evolve from meteoric or magmatic sources.

Not Available

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Chemistry of Silica in Cerro Prieto Brines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1975). When operated without sludge r e c i r c u l a t i ot o c o l l o i d a l silica. sludge accumulation there. thel a t i o n of part of the sludge coming out of The l a r g

Weres, O.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

CHEMISTRY OF SILICA IN CERRO PRIETO BRINES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lfuen operated w:l.thout sludge recirculation, this pilotcould lead to problems with sludge accumulation there. Ifby recirculation of part of the sludge coming out of the

Weres, O.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Chemistry of Silica in Cerro Prieto Brines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1975). When operated without sludge r e c i r c u l a t i ot o c o l l o i d a l silica. sludge accumulation there. thel a t i o n of part of the sludge coming out of The l a r g

Weres, Oleh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Effect of Brine on Hydrate Antiagglomeration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

J. Dalton York † and Abbas Firoozabadi *‡ ... Department of Chemical Engineering, Mason Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 ... Energy Fuels, 2009, 23 (6), ...

J. Dalton York; Abbas Firoozabadi

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

300

CHEMISTRY OF SILICA IN CERRO PRIETO BRINES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the chemical researchers at CFE, A. Manon M. , J. Faustodata was generated by the CFE Laboratory at Cerro Prieto andThe staff of the IIE and CFE laboratories at Cerro Prieto

Weres, O.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) long-term monitoring system pressure data analyses  

SciTech Connect

This report describes analyses of high-resolution pressure data collected on Caverns 2 and 110 at the Bryan Mound, Texas, Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) site. A model of cavern pressurization is developed and applied to the two caverns. Use of the model to detect cavern pressure anomalies is demonstrated. Recommendatons are provided for improvements in pressure monitoring and cavern operation to enhance the usefulness of pressure mesuring as a tool in long-term cavern integrity monitoring. 5 refs., 16 figs., 2 tabs.

Biringer, K.L.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

v7DOE OIG SemiAnn RPT.qxd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cover Cover From left to right: A barge shown docked at Phillips Terminal at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve in Bryan Mound, Texas. Wind turbines at Storm Lake, Iowa. High pressure water being used to blast salt cake into manageable fragments in a waste tank mockup at the Hanford Site. The McNary Dam, which is one entity of the Bonneville Power Administration's responsibility for transmission and wholesale marketing of power generated at dams in the Federal River Power System. A sodium cooled reactor for testing fuels and materials under normal operating conditions at the Fast Flux Test Facility. Table of Contents Inspector General's Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Management Challenges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3

303

A study of biological contaminants in rainwater collected from rooftops in Bryan and College Station Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in optimizing the design of water treatment units for rainwater harvesting systems. It has been shown that a dry spell has an effect on turbidity levels indicating that the first flush would be more contaminated than other water flows....

Vasudevan, Lakshmi Narasimhan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

304

Mark Bryan Orams, JP, PhD, MSc, BRP (Hons) Curriculum vitae as at July 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Pacific Islands research programme areas. · Teaching responsibilities in areas of ecotourism and marine of undergraduate and post-graduate courses in the areas of tourism management, ecotourism, contemporary management

305

Mark Bryan Orams, JP, PhD, MSc, BRP (Hons) (Curriculum vitae as at August 2011)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: · Teaching (paper coordinator) undergraduate course in ecotourism and post-graduate courses in coastal-graduate courses in the areas of tourism management, ecotourism, contemporary management, sport business, outdoor

306

Equilibrium Forward Curves for Commodities BRYAN R. ROUTLEDGE, DUANE J. SEPPI,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. As a consequence of a nonnegativity constraint on inventory, the spot commodity has an embedded timing option that is absent in forward con- tracts. This option's value changes over time due to both endogenous inventory extend the model to incorporate a permanent second factor and calibrate the model to crude oil futures

307

Cooperator: Bryan Vail Tillage: No-till Soil type: Hollister silt loam Management: Grain only  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fungicide: 10.5 oz/ac Quilt Xcel + 1% v/v COC on 19 April 2013 Grain Yield Freeze inj. Test Weight Source

Balasundaram, Balabhaskar "Baski"

308

An assessment of single-family housing prices and residential segregation using GIS in Bryan, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tl Q. + G V x 0 t5 K m I/ 8 ig (3 G Q N i=i+ g~ @ ? Ql 1& w ~c V/ gL p ?ll 0 C" I A )Xi (6 27 A comparison of the model results for the school districts revealed a dependence between enrollment levels by race and the estimated... tl Q. + G V x 0 t5 K m I/ 8 ig (3 G Q N i=i+ g~ @ ? Ql 1& w ~c V/ gL p ?ll 0 C" I A )Xi (6 27 A comparison of the model results for the school districts revealed a dependence between enrollment levels by race and the estimated...

Esch, Stephen Alexander

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

309

The Low-Carb VHDL Tutorial Copyright: 2004 by Bryan Mealy (08-27-2004)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

12 3.9 VHDL CODING STYLE 13 4 BASIC VHDL DESIGN UNITS 14 4.1 THE ENTITY 14 4.2 THE ARCHITECTURE 17 5 WITH SYNCHRONOUS PARALLEL LOAD 84 14.5 8-BIT COMPARATOR 85 14.6 BCD TO 7-SEGMENT DECODER 85 14.7 4:1 MULTIPLEXER 86 code that describes the circuit of Figure 11......................................... 20 Figure 13

Wolberg, George

310

Regional evaluation of brine management for geologic carbon sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the build decision for carbon capture and sequestrationTenth Annual Conference on Carbon Capture and Sequestration.be managed early on. Carbon capture technology is water-,

Breunig, H.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Assessment of Brine Management for Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Equation  2   5  Carbon  capture  technology  requires  for  Geologic  Carbon  Capture  and   Sequestration."  the  additional  carbon  capture  system  (1.24  assuming  

Breunig, Hanna M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Regional evaluation of brine management for geologic carbon sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sh aquaculture, and algae biodiesel production; (2) developscould improve joint feasibility: 2.2.4. Algae biodieselproduction Algae biodiesel is an emerging technology, and

Breunig, H.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Assessment of Brine Management for Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cycle  analysis  of  algae  biodiesel."   International  aquaculture,   algae  biodiesel  production,  road  de-­?Algae  Biodiesel  ..  

Breunig, Hanna M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Stress-induced anisotropy in brine saturated shale  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......multistage triaxial tests The anisotropic nature of shales mainly results from the alignment of anisotropic plate-like clay minerals, which...applied differential stress. The shale is moderately anisotropic, with both velocities and anisotropic......

C. Delle Piane; D. N. Dewhurst; A. F. Siggins; M. D. Raven

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Inversion of heavy crude oil-in-brine emulsions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A large portion of Canada's reserves of crude oil consists of extra heavy crude and natural bitumens. As the reserves of conventional crude oil continue… (more)

Sun, Ruijun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Assessment of Brine Management for Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

algae  biodiesel  competitive  against  plant  biodiesels  or  fossil  fuels  Algae  Production  for  Biodiesel   In  2007,  the  US  Renewable  Fuel  

Breunig, Hanna M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Modeling acid-gas generation from boiling chloride brines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. J. ofwaste emplacement tunnels at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. J. ofScale Heater Test at Yucca Mountain. International Journal

Zhang, Guoxiang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Modeling acid-gas generation from boiling chloride brines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Factor 1E-1 b) CaCl:2H2O Halite Sylvite Fluorite Salt (KNO 3 ), soda niter (NaNO 3 ), halite (NaCl), sylvite (KCl),the precipitation of halite at a concentration factor around

Zhang, Guoxiang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Regional evaluation of brine management for geologic carbon sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coal Bed Methane. US DOE, NETL. Ventyx, 2012. Velocity SuiteCarbon Sequestration. NETL. Earles, M.J. , Halog, A. , 2011.

Breunig, H.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Assessment of Brine Management for Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fired  Power  Plants”,  DOE/NETL,  2010.   Chelme-­?Ayala,  Capture. ”   RADS  LLC,  DOE/NETL.  2011.   Gong,  Y.  and  Geologic   Formations. ”  NETL.  2009.   Texas  Water  

Breunig, Hanna M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Assessment of Brine Management for Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2012.   DiPippo,  R. ,  “Geothermal  Energy:  Electricity  Utilization  of  Geothermal  Energy."   Energies  2010,  cost  of  using  geothermal  energy  was  calculated  

Breunig, Hanna M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Regional evaluation of brine management for geologic carbon sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Direct utilization of geothermal energy. Energies, 1443–EOR) systems; and geothermal energy production. Variousthis paper are: (1) geothermal energy, (2) desalination, (3)

Breunig, H.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Assessment of Brine Management for Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using  geothermal  energy  for  district  heating  onsite  District  Heating Greenhouse  Heating Aquaculture  Pond  Heating Geothermal  geothermal   heat  could  be  capture  for  onsite  district  heating  

Breunig, Hanna M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Assessment of Brine Management for Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of  water  use  at  combined-­?cycle  power  plants. ”  Gasification  Combined  Cycle Known  Geothermal  Energy  integrated  gasification  combined   cycle  (IGCC)  CFPP,  

Breunig, Hanna M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Regional evaluation of brine management for geologic carbon sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metal recovery from reverse osmosis concentrate. Journal ofnanofil- tration and reverse osmosis membranes. Journal ofrecovery [%] Assumed cost reverse osmosis [$/m 3 permeate

Breunig, H.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Assessment of Brine Management for Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

18   2.3.2  Reverse  Osmosis  46   4.2.1  Reverse  Osmosis  Relative  Humidity Reverse  Osmosis SERC  Reliability  

Breunig, Hanna M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Regional evaluation of brine management for geologic carbon sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Gas Exploration and Production Waste: Availability, Options, and Costs.gases, carcinogenic production contaminants, and unpredictable production rates greatly increase the cost and

Breunig, H.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Ion Chromatography of Inorganic Anions in Brine Samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......chromatogram of nitrite in the seawater sample. Sample: aquarium...nitrate peak after an extended storage of the sample solution in the...system to nitrite analysis in seawater is shown in Figure 6. A freshly...not be loaded with 100 L of seawater, as seen in Figure 2D, 50......

Precilla F. Subosa; Kazuko Kihara; Souji Rokushika; Hiroyuki Hatano; Takeshi Murayama; Tomoko Kubota; Yuzuru Hanaoka

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Assessment of Brine Management for Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and  Land   Cost  of  Geothermal  Energy  Systems   The  in-­?use-­?phase  costs  of  geothermal  energy  capture,  the  cost  and  water  demand  of   geothermal  energy.  

Breunig, Hanna M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Mound Plant Director's Final Findings and Orders, October 4, 1995 Summary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Director's Final Findings and Orders Director's Final Findings and Orders State Ohio Agreement Type Compliance Agreement Legal Driver(s) FFCAct Scope Summary Approve the Compliance Plan Volume of the amended PSTP, hereafter referred to as the "approved STP" Parties DOE; Ohio Environmental Protection Agency Date 10/4/1995 SCOPE * Approve the Compliance Plan Volume of the amended PSTP, hereafter referred to as the "approved STP." * The approved STP and these Orders address storage and treatment of all mixed wastes at the Facility, which are not being stored in accordance with the LDR requirements of OAC rule 3745-59-50. ESTABLISHING MILESTONES * Milestones shall be established for a three year rolling period consisting of the current federal fiscal year plus two additional federal fiscal years.

331

A phase-dependent view of cyclotron lines from model accretion mounds on neutron stars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......multiple states similar to a pitchfork diagram. The formation of closed magnetic loops...indicate the onset of pressure-driven MHD instabilities. Therefore, we restrict...also tested the equilibria by using the MHD code pluto (Mignone et al. 2007) and......

Dipanjan Mukherjee; Dipankar Bhattacharya

2012-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

332

Carbonate diagenesis and biostratigraphy of the anahuac formation at Damon Mound, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPgraiia (Fig. 9), ~2~2Lium (Fig. 10), lit)Lgh)(11L)m (Fig ?). and (Fig. 12). Unit 5 is a massive ~t facies which contains large heads of in addition to finger coral ~ ggLLyjJJgj. , extending from 34 feet to 30 feet in the depth of the Dresser core. Other...

Woo, Kyung Sik

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

333

Spatial Trends and Factors of Pimple Mound Formation in East-Central Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

been extensively mapped throughout East Texas as complexes covering over 1.0 million ha in 47 soil survey areas. About 600,000 ha are on Pleistocene-age geological formations. This study focused on 5,500 ha in Leon County, Texas, mapped as Rader...

Robinson, Chance

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

334

Layered Hydrothermal Barite-Sulfide Mound Field, East Diamante Caldera, Mariana Volcanic Arc  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...For samples with high Ba, Zn, Cu, or...total S by induction furnace/infrared spectrophotometry...elemental S by leach/furnace/IR. Duplicate...an index of the efficiency of a reduced set...in a well-type, high-resolution gammaray...Low-temperature, focused venting of hydrothermal fluids...

James R. Hein; Cornel E.J. de Ronde; Randolph A. Koski; Robert G. Ditchburn; Kira Mizell; Yoshihiko Tamura; Robert J. Stern; Tracey A. Conrad; Osamu Ishizuka; Matthew I. Leybourne

335

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 7470 of 29,416 results. 61 - 7470 of 29,416 results. Download TEE-0071- In the Matter of Monroe Oil Company On May 26, 2010, Monroe Oil Company (Monroe) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). The firm requests that it be... http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/tee-0071-matter-monroe-oil-company Download TEE-0061- In the Matter of Kirby Oil Company, Inc. On June 16, 2009, Kirby Oil Company, Inc. (Kirby Oil) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). The firm requests that it... http://energy.gov/oha/downloads/tee-0061-matter-kirby-oil-company-inc Download CX-007506: Categorical Exclusion Determination Record of Categorical Exclusion for Bryan Mound Building BE-2 Drainage

336

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BM-07-072D and WH-07-073A  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

07-072D and WH-07-073A 07-072D and WH-07-073A Title: Installation of BM and WH Wellhead Survey Monuments Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, supervision, materials, consumables, equipment, tools, storage, transportation, and services required for the installation of new wellhead survey monuments at the Bryan Mound and West Hackberry SPR sites. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a Significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following:

337

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

01 - 7310 of 26,764 results. 01 - 7310 of 26,764 results. Download CX-008348: Categorical Exclusion Determination Replace Big Hill Raw Water Intake System Oil Water Separator Tank with Concrete Tank CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 04/16/2012 Location(s): Louisiana Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-008348-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-008349: Categorical Exclusion Determination Replacement Anode Bed on West Hackberry 42-inch Crude Oil Pipeline at Gum Cove Road CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 04/10/2012 Location(s): Louisiana Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-008349-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-008350: Categorical Exclusion Determination Re-work Bryan Mound 30" Crude Oil Pipeline Mainline Valves

338

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-MM-1066A, BM-1067A, WH-1068A  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A, BM-1067A, WH-1068A A, BM-1067A, WH-1068A Title: Variable Frequency Drivers for RWIS Pumps GFE Description: Vendor shall provide and deliver variable frequency drivers for the Raw Water Intake Structure (RWIS) pumps at the Big Hill, Bryan Mound, and West Hackberry SPR sites as Government Furnished Equipment (GFE). Installation will be performed by others. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following:

339

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Texas | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 2, 2012 October 2, 2012 CX-009237: Categorical Exclusion Determination The Dow Chemical Company CX(s) Applied: B5.7 Date: 10/02/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Fossil Energy September 27, 2012 CX-009327: Categorical Exclusion Determination Gas Hydrate Dynamics on the Alaskan Beaufort Continental Slope: Modeling and Field Characterization CX(s) Applied: A9 Date: 09/27/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory September 20, 2012 CX-009218: Categorical Exclusion Determination Replace Sparge Piping at Bryan Mound Raw Water Intake Structure CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 09/20/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office September 19, 2012 CX-009359: Categorical Exclusion Determination Houston Zero Emission Delivery Vehicle Deployment

340

SPR Awards Exchange Contract to Shell Trading | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Awards Exchange Contract to Shell Trading Awards Exchange Contract to Shell Trading SPR Awards Exchange Contract to Shell Trading May 10, 2007 - 12:55pm Addthis Deliveries to Begin in August WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today awarded a contract to Shell Trading for exchange of 8.7 million barrels of royalty oil produced from the Gulf Coast for crude oil meeting the quality specifications of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). The exchange oil will be delivered to two SPR sites, West Hackberry, Louisiana and Bryan Mound, Texas. The offer submitted by Shell Trading represented the highest value of specification-grade oil for the Reserve. Deliveries are expected to begin in August 2007 at a modest rate of approximately 50,000 barrels per day for a period of six months. The contract terms apply royalty-in-kind exchange provisions that require

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 1040 of 28,905 results. 31 - 1040 of 28,905 results. Article CLEANING UP MILL TAILINGS AND GROUND WATER AT THE MOAB UMTRA PROJECT SITE Moab, UT - Sixteen million tons of uranium mill tailings 80 feet high stood on the banks of the Colorado River near Moab in southeast Utah, as a legacy to the former ore-processing site that operated for nearly three decades beginning in the mid-1950s. http://energy.gov/em/articles/cleaning-mill-tailings-and-ground-water-moab-umtra-project-site Download CX-001669: Categorical Exclusion Determination Install Fence Around Bryan Mound K-9 Training Area CX(s) Applied: B1.11 Date: 04/20/2010 Location(s): Freeport, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-001669-categorical-exclusion-determination

342

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 25340 of 31,917 results. 31 - 25340 of 31,917 results. Download CX-004749: Categorical Exclusion Determination Third Party Services for Strategic Petroleum Reserves Workovers CX(s) Applied: B5.12 Date: 11/24/2010 Location(s): Louisiana Office(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-004749-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-004558: Categorical Exclusion Determination New York-City-Town of Cheektowaga CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 11/24/2010 Location(s): Cheektowaga, New York Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-004558-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-004748: Categorical Exclusion Determination Installation of Bryan Mound and West Hackberry Wellhead Survey Monuments CX(s) Applied: B1.3

343

Microsoft Word - SPR Site Subsidence Surveys 2013-2017.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Subsidence Surveys, 2013-2017 Subsidence Surveys, 2013-2017 Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, supervision, materials, equipment, transportation, and services necessary to perform a subsidence survey of the Bayou Choctaw, Big Hill, Bryan Mound and West Hackberry SPR sites. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following: (1) The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A or B of Subpart D;

344

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

41 - 2350 of 28,905 results. 41 - 2350 of 28,905 results. Download EIS-0203: Record of Decision Programmatic Spent Nuclear Fuel Management and Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Programs http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/eis-0203-record-decision Download CX-003867: Categorical Exclusion Determination City of Fulton - Landfill Gas Generation CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 09/07/2010 Location(s): Fulton, Missouri Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-003867-categorical-exclusion-determination Calendar Events http://energy.gov/jobs/calendars/events Download CX-004748: Categorical Exclusion Determination Installation of Bryan Mound and West Hackberry Wellhead Survey Monuments CX(s) Applied: B1.3

345

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

20, 2010 20, 2010 CX-001669: Categorical Exclusion Determination Install Fence Around Bryan Mound K-9 Training Area CX(s) Applied: B1.11 Date: 04/20/2010 Location(s): Freeport, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office April 7, 2010 CX-001518: Categorical Exclusion Determination Re-seal Polyurethane Overcoat on BH Substation Relay Building 814 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 04/07/2010 Location(s): Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office March 16, 2010 CX-001227: Categorical Exclusion Determination Replacement of Big Hill Deep Anode Ground Bed Site for Cavern 114 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 03/16/2010 Location(s): Big Hill, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office March 3, 2010 CX-001004: Categorical Exclusion Determination

346

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 31, 2012 October 31, 2012 CX-009509: Categorical Exclusion Determination Power Monitoring, Communication and Control Upgrade at Bryan Mound Degas Plant (Install) CX(s) Applied: B1.7 Date: 10/31/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office October 30, 2012 CX-009510: Categorical Exclusion Determination Strategic Petroleum Reserve Emergency Pipeline and Piping Repair, 2013-2017 CX(s) Applied: B5.4 Date: 10/30/2012 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office October 2, 2012 CX-009216: Categorical Exclusion Determination ADAS System Life Cycle Support, 2012-2015 CX(s) Applied: B1.7 Date: 10/02/2012 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office September 24, 2012 CX-009217: Categorical Exclusion Determination

347

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 - 8220 of 26,764 results. 11 - 8220 of 26,764 results. Download CX-000870: Categorical Exclusion Determination West Hackberry Air Conditioning/Heating Repairs CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 02/05/2010 Location(s): West Hackberry, Louisiana Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-000870-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-005895: Categorical Exclusion Determination Relocation of Bayou Choctaw Entry Portal Building CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 05/05/2011 Location(s): Louisiana Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-005895-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-005897: Categorical Exclusion Determination Bryan Mound Upgrade Wood to Steel Lighting Poles

348

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10, 2012 10, 2012 CX-008350: Categorical Exclusion Determination Re-work Bryan Mound 30" Crude Oil Pipeline Mainline Valves CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 04/10/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office April 10, 2012 CX-008349: Categorical Exclusion Determination Replacement Anode Bed on West Hackberry 42-inch Crude Oil Pipeline at Gum Cove Road CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 04/10/2012 Location(s): Louisiana Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office March 28, 2012 CX-008351: Categorical Exclusion Determination Transport and Perform TD&I on Big Hill TX-29 Transformer CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 03/28/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office February 23, 2012 CX-007816: Categorical Exclusion Determination

349

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 25170 of 31,917 results. 61 - 25170 of 31,917 results. Download CX-000480: Categorical Exclusion Determination Project Number BM-10-145-Coat Exterior of BMT-4 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 12/29/2009 Location(s): Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-000480-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-000481: Categorical Exclusion Determination Project Number BM-10-165 - Blast and Paint Bryan Mound Heat Exchangers CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 12/29/2009 Location(s): Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-000481-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-000482: Categorical Exclusion Determination Project Number MS-09-116 - Structural Assessment of Big Hill Raw Water

350

Microsoft Word - MS-OM-1005 NEPA.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MS-OM-1005 MS-OM-1005 Title: FY 2012 Annual Site Subsidence Surveys Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, supervision, materials, equipment, transportation, and services necessary to perform a subsidence survey of the Bayou Choctaw, Big Hill, Bryan Mound and West Hackberry SPR sites. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following: (1) The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A or B of Subpart D;

351

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project 10 No. BM-11-051  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 Title: BM Building BE-2 Drainage Improvements and Foundation Repair Description: Subcontractor shall furnish all labor, materials, equipment, tools, transportation, supervision, mobile lifting equipment, and rigging required to repair timber piles which support Bryan Mound Building BE-2. Subcontractor shall modify the ground surface around the building with crushed stone to prevent soil washout and improve drainage conditions which led to disrepair of the building foundation. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

352

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

41 - 6250 of 26,764 results. 41 - 6250 of 26,764 results. Download CX-002103: Categorical Exclusion Determination Energy Improvements To Wastewater Treatment CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B1.3, B5.1 Date: 04/20/2010 Location(s): Rutland, Vermont Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-002103-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-001769: Categorical Exclusion Determination City of Grand Junction, Colorado Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Strategy CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 04/20/2010 Location(s): Grand Junction, Colorado Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-001769-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-001669: Categorical Exclusion Determination Install Fence Around Bryan Mound K-9 Training Area

353

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

31 - 9340 of 28,560 results. 31 - 9340 of 28,560 results. Download CX-007507: Categorical Exclusion Determination Record of Categorical Exclusion for Inspection and Repair of West Hackberry-SUN 42-inch Crude Oil Pipeline CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 11/28/2011 Location(s): Louisiana Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-007507-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-007508: Categorical Exclusion Determination Record of Categorical Exclusion for Rework Bryan Mound Seaway Dock Terminal Bypass Valve MOV-C308 CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 11/16/2011 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-007508-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-007509: Categorical Exclusion Determination

354

FE Categorical Exclusions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

22, 2010 22, 2010 CX-001683: Categorical Exclusion Determination Department of Energy - Western Research Institute Cooperative Research and Development for Fossil Energy-Related Resources CX(s) Applied: B3.6, A9 Date: 04/22/2010 Location(s): Laramie, Wyoming Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory April 20, 2010 CX-001669: Categorical Exclusion Determination Install Fence Around Bryan Mound K-9 Training Area CX(s) Applied: B1.11 Date: 04/20/2010 Location(s): Freeport, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office April 20, 2010 CX-001798: Categorical Exclusion Determination Subtask 4.12 - Algae Harvesting in an Integrated Power Plant-Algae System CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 04/20/2010 Location(s): Grand Forks, North Dakota

355

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21 - 13030 of 29,416 results. 21 - 13030 of 29,416 results. Download CX-009049: Categorical Exclusion Determination Laydown Yard Expansion East of 706-1F CX(s) Applied: B1.15 Date: 08/08/2012 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-009049-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-009056: Categorical Exclusion Determination Removal of Out-of-Service Railroad Segment CX(s) Applied: B1.23 Date: 07/26/2012 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-009056-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-009511: Categorical Exclusion Determination Alternate Source of Firewater at Bryan Mound CX(s) Applied: B5.2 Date: 11/05/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

356

Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determinations By Date | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2011 6, 2011 CX-008025: Categorical Exclusion Determination Traffic Signals and Street Lighting CX(s) Applied: B1.32, B5.1 Date: 11/16/2011 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy November 16, 2011 CX-008024: Categorical Exclusion Determination Reduction and Capture of Methane and Greenhouse Gases CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B3.9, B5.21 Date: 11/16/2011 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy November 16, 2011 CX-008023: Categorical Exclusion Determination Material Conservation Programs CX(s) Applied: A9, B3.6, B5.1 Date: 11/16/2011 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy November 16, 2011 CX-007508: Categorical Exclusion Determination Record of Categorical Exclusion for Rework Bryan Mound Seaway Dock Terminal

357

Quasi-static rock mechanics data for rocksalt from three Strategic Petroleum Reserve domes  

SciTech Connect

Triaxial compression and extension experiments have been run on rocksalt samples from three Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) domes. Seventeen quasi-static tests were loaded at mean stress rates of .66 to 1.04 psi/sec (4.5 to 7.2 kPa/sec), confining pressures of 14.5 to 2000 psi (0.1 to 13.8 MPa) and temperatures of 22 to 100/sup 0/C. Eleven of the test specimens were from Bryan Mound, Texas, and three each were from Bayou Choctaw, Louisiana, and West Hackberry, Louisiana. In general, the resulting mechanical data from the three domes are similar, and they are consistent with previously published data. Ultimate sample strengths are directly related to confining pressure (least principal stress) and indirectly related to temperature, while ductility increases with both pressure and temperature.

Price, R.H.; Wawersik, W.R.; Hannum, D.W.; Zirzow, J.A.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Cultural resources survey and assessment of the proposed Department of Energy Freeport to Texas City pipeline, Brazoria and Galveston Counties, Texas. Final report  

SciTech Connect

An intensive survey and testing program of selected segments of a proposed Department of Energy pipeline were conducted by Coastal Environments, Inc., Baton Rouge, Louisiana, during December 1985 and January 1986. The proposed pipeline runs from Texas City, Galveston County to Bryan Mound, Brazoria County. The pedestrian survey was preceded by historical records survey to locate possible historic sites within the DOE righ-of-way. Four prehistoric sites within the ROW (41BO159, 160, 161, 162) and one outside the ROW (41BO163) were located. All are Rangia cuneata middens. The survey results are discussed with particular reference to the environmental settings of the sites and the effectiveness of the survey procedure. Two of the sites located within the ROW were subjected to additional testing. The results of the backhoe testing program are included in the site descriptions, and the scientific value of the sites are presented. 52 refs., 20 figs., 10 tabs.

Castille, G.J.; Whelan, J.P. Jr.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

61 - 24770 of 31,917 results. 61 - 24770 of 31,917 results. Download CX-001769: Categorical Exclusion Determination City of Grand Junction, Colorado Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Strategy CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 04/20/2010 Location(s): Grand Junction, Colorado Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-001769-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-001669: Categorical Exclusion Determination Install Fence Around Bryan Mound K-9 Training Area CX(s) Applied: B1.11 Date: 04/20/2010 Location(s): Freeport, Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-001669-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-001861: Categorical Exclusion Determination Park County's Activity Area 1 (Development of Energy Efficiency and

360

FE Categorical Exclusions | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, 2010 7, 2010 CX-000485: Categorical Exclusion Determination Project Number BM-09-111 - Provide Clear Zone Around Bryan Mound CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 01/07/2010 Location(s): Texas Office(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office January 7, 2010 CX-000723: Categorical Exclusion Determination Near-Surface Leakage Monitoring for the Verification and Accounting of Geologic Carbon Sequestration Using a Field Ready Carbon-14 Isotopic Analyzer (Rutgers University) CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 01/07/2010 Location(s): New Brunswick, New Jersey Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory January 7, 2010 CX-000724: Categorical Exclusion Determination Near-Surface Leakage Monitoring for the Verification and Accounting of Geologic Carbon Sequestration Using a Field Ready Carbon-14 Isotopic

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

41 - 21650 of 26,764 results. 41 - 21650 of 26,764 results. Download CX-009217: Categorical Exclusion Determination Elmwood Dog Kennel Repair (Hurricane Isaac) CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 09/24/2012 Location(s): CX: none Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-009217-categorical-exclusion-determination Download CX-009218: Categorical Exclusion Determination Replace Sparge Piping at Bryan Mound Raw Water Intake Structure CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 09/20/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office http://energy.gov/nepa/downloads/cx-009218-categorical-exclusion-determination Article Energy Department, Treasury Announce Availability of $150 Million in Tax Credits for Clean Energy Manufacturers The U.S. Departments of Energy and the Treasury announced the availability

362

Influence of Ice Particle Surface Roughening on the Global Cloud Radiative Effect BINGQI YI,* PING YANG,* BRYAN A. BAUM,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Influence of Ice Particle Surface Roughening on the Global Cloud Radiative Effect BINGQI YI,* PING are developed for se- verely roughened ice particles. The parameterizations are based on a general habit mixture and severely roughened ice particles. While the influence of particle roughening on the single

Baum, Bryan A.

363

Accessibility and historic districts: design concepts and economic feasibility study for the downtown historic district of Bryan, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programs responding to . Battaglia, The Impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act on Historic Structures. 24. Haar, et al. "Transfer of Development Rights. " the need for preserving architectural landmarks. Through this process, funds for preserving...

Shamanna, Jayashree B

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Kevin Ferrigno, MS Candidate, Engineering Systems Bryan Palmintier, PhD Candidate, Engineering Systems Environment and Community Impacts:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spring of 2009 to assist in a study to aid the siting process for a potential small wind turbine on MIT’s campus. Meetings were held in the spring and summer and it was determined that only a few sites on campus were possible for a ground-based small wind turbine. These included the open areas of Brigg’s athletic fields as well as the green spaces near the Charles River. However, the space adjoining Memorial Drive and the Charles River fell on state-land and so the site consideration focused entirely on the athletic field. However, even within the field siting reflected a number of different concerns. Firstly, proximity to buildings posed a question due to 1) the negative potential impact on the communities using those spaces and 2) the positive benefit of being located near a structure where an electrical tie-in could be easily implemented. Secondly, use of the field by its current main stakeholder, MIT athletics, needed to be taken into account. Thirdly, the relative performance of the wind resource is an issue in a complex urban environment. Even over a small spatial distance, there can be substantial variation in the resource performance due to building and other structural interference. Given these concerns, a study that contrasted two potential sites was conducted. The two sites were

Kathy Araujo; Phd C; Urban Studies; Katherine Dykes; Phd C; Engineering Systems

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

DESIGNING AND RUNNING A PRE-COLLEGE COMPUTING Mihaela Sabin, Bryan Higgs, Vladimir Riabov, and Alberto Moreira  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Alberto Moreira Department of Mathematics and Computer Science Rivier College Nashua, NH, 03060 (603) 897 science programs have declined steadily over the past few years. Overall, high school computer science. Student expectations of undergraduate computer science courses for non-majors as well as the scope

Riabov, Vladimir V.

366

The effects of the sequence of land development on the property valuation and taxation of Bryan, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

urbanizaticn, a p~ tax was formally levied in Athens in 596 B. C. (3). Many ancient govenMrents used land and tangible persanal property as a tax base. The ancient tax systems were studied by Haskell P. Wald. In its origin, the land tax was daubtless...

Sorensen, Gary Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

367

Stereoselective Synthesis of (-) Acanthoic Acid Taotao Ling, Bryan A. Kramer, Michael A. Palladino, and Emmanuel A. Theodorakis*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(16.8 mg, 0.05 mmol) in N, N-dimethylformamide (2 ml) added lithium bromide (5.0 mg, 0.06 mmol (5 ml) and extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 10 ml). The organic layer was collected, dried (MgSO4

Theodorakis, Emmanuel

368

An algorithm for adaptive phase overcurrent protection of power distribution feeders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distribution feeders The help of Bryan Utihties. a, munimpal utility serving Bryan. Texas and the surrounding Brazos County area, was enlisted in this effort. Bryan Utilities employs a SCADA system that provides hourly printouts for each feeder of three...

Flournoy, Caroll Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

369

Aquatic insects in Montezuma Well, Arizona, USA: A travertine spring mound with high alkalinity and dissolved carbon dioxide  

SciTech Connect

An annotated list of aquatic insects from the high carbonate system of Montezuma Well, Arizona, USA, is presented for collections taken during 1976-1986. Fifty-seven taxa in 16 families are reported, including new distribution records for Arizona (Anacaena signaticollis, Laccobius ellipticus, and Crenitulus sp. (nr. debilis)) and the USA (Enochrus sharpi). Larval stages for Trichoptera, Lepidoptera, Megaloptera, Neuroptera, Chironomidae, and Anisoptera were absent even though the habitat lacks fish, and water temperature, dissolved oxygen, available food, and substrata appear adequate in Montezuma Well. The potential importance of alkalinity in restricting these insect groups is discussed.

Blinn, D.W.; Sanderson, M.W. (Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff (USA))

1989-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

370

Placing Refuge: Shell Mounds and the Archaeology of Colonial Encounters in the San Francisco Bay Area, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at a Nineteenth-Century Chinese Shrimp Camp on San Franciscocamps established between the 1870s and early twentieth centurythe twentieth century, and up to the creation of China Camp

Schneider, Tsim Duncan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

SOLVING THE MYSTERY OF YANKEETOWN GOES Back to CAHOKIA!! Excavation at the Emerald Mound Center, Lebanon Illinois  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, including a burned temple full of ritual offerings. We found evidence of ancient by digging 1000 year old houses and pits You will learn: Magnetometry, GPS

Scheiber, Laura L.

372

Temporal changes in gas hydrate mound topography and ecology: deep-sea time-lapse camera observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

observed in the time-lapse record and recording the number of individuals and species in each image. 1,381 individual organisms representing 16 species were observed. Sediment resuspension and redistribution were regular occurrences during the deployment...

Vardaro, Michael Fredric

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

373

Depositional and diagenetic characteristics of a phylloid algal mound, upper Palo Pinto Formation, Conley field, Hardeman County, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Core photographs of sedimentary structures from the Palo Pinto Formation 29 5 Bar graph illustrating the distribution of grain types from the Shell Conley 4 well . . 35 6 Bar graph illustrating the distribution of grain types from the Shell Conley... and distinct absence of bedding. (Sane Energy Conley 17, 5226. 5 ft. ) B. Inc' ined, subpara llel, from the Shell Conley tyoical y co. . ce. . trate (She 1 CI 1 Cooley 4, 5 continuous 7 core. Cr along the 214. G fr. ) clay laminae noid columns. 's...

Lovell, Stephen Edd

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Minimum Ultraviolet Light Dose Determination and Characterization of Stress Responses that Affect Dose for Listeria monocytogenes Suspended in Distilled Water, Fresh Brine, and Spent Brine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Foodborne illnesses caused by Listeria monocytogenes have long been associated with ready-to-eat (RTE) meats contaminated after the primary thermal process has been applied. It is… (more)

McKinney, Julie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Lisa Kort-Butler | Chief Advisor 736 Oldfather Hall | 402-472-6005 | lkortbutler2@unl.edu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Community Support Professional, Region V Services · Domestic Violence Group Facilitator, Bryan LGH Med

Logan, David

377

Advisory Board Members Paul J. Crutzen (Chairman)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Greenbelt, USA bryan.n.duncan@nasa.gov Ralf Ebinghaus Institute for Coastal Research, Geesthacht, Germany

Meskhidze, Nicholas

378

Estimate of the Catch of Red Snapper, Lutjanus campechanus, by Shrimp Trawlers in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Bradley and Bryan, 1976; Futch and Bruger, 1976). Commercial and recreational fisher men repeatedly have

379

Modular Adaptive Programming A dissertation presented  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ovlinger, Doug Orleans, Pengcheng Wu, Jeffrey Palm, Bryan Chadwick and Ahmed Abdelmeged for providing

Strickland, Stevie

380

Parameter tests within cosmological simulations of galaxy formation Scott T. Kay,1w  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Navarro, Frenk & White 1995; Anninos & Norman 1996; Bryan & Norman 1998; Eke, Navarro & Frenk 1998). Since

Thomas, Peter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Sustainable Carbon Sequestration: Increasing CO2-Storage Efficiency through a CO2-Brine Displacement Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CO2 sequestration is one of the proposed methods for reducing anthropogenic CO2 emissions to the atmosphere and therefore mitigating global climate change. Few studies on storing CO2 in an aquifer have been conducted on a regional scale. This study...

Akinnikawe, Oyewande

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

382

Microbial life at ?13 °C in the brine of an ice-sealed Antarctic lake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...an ice-sealed Antarctic lake 10.1073/pnas.1208607109 Alison E. Murray Fabien Kenig Christian H. Fritsen Christopher P...of 1,188 base pairs. Neighbor-joining trees using pair-wise deletion were calculated in MEGA (v4) (29). UniFrac (30...

Alison E. Murray; Fabien Kenig; Christian H. Fritsen; Christopher P. McKay; Kaelin M. Cawley; Ross Edwards; Emanuele Kuhn; Diane M. McKnight; Nathaniel E. Ostrom; Vivian Peng; Adrian Ponce; John C. Priscu; Vladimir Samarkin; Ashley T. Townsend; Protima Wagh; Seth A. Young; Pung To Yung; Peter T. Doran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

SciTech Connect: Experimental investigation of brine-CO2 flow...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Content: Close Send 0 pages in this document matching the terms "" Search For Terms: Enter terms in the toolbar above to search the full text of this document for pages...

384

The effects of viscosity and subsurface heterogeneity on a brine barrier approach to DNAPL remediation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Dense nonaqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) are a long-term source of groundwater contamination. Difficulties of current remediation methods have led to the study of a novel… (more)

Murphy, Lauren L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Engineered Treatment of As-laden Regeneration Brine from Ion Exchange Processes .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Arsenic (As) contamination of drinking water sources has been one of the most challenging global environmental issues. In the United States, the newly revised maximum… (more)

STEINWINDER, THOMAS

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Geophysical (time domain electromagnetic model) delineation of a shallow brine beneath a freshwater lake,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al., 1999] and (2) seepage from sediments beneath the lake [Braudo et al., 1970; Stiller et al., 1975; Stiller, 1994]. The average annual contribution of all sources is estimated to be 146,000 tons below lake's bottom, and to 2000­3500 mg/L at 5 m depth [Stiller, 1994]. On the basis of tritium data

Gvirtzman, Haim

387

Sampling and Analysis Procedures for Gas, Condensate, Brine, and Solids: Pleasant Bayou Well Test, 1988-Present  

SciTech Connect

This section covers analyses performed on gas. Chemical analyses can only be related to well performance if the quantity of the various fluids are known. The IGT on-line data computer system measures the flowrate, the pressures, and the temperatures every 10 seconds. These values are automatically recorded over operator selected intervals both on magnetic media and on paper. This allows review of samples versus operating conditions. This paper covers analyses performed on gas, including: An approximate sampling schedule during flow tests; On-site sample handling and storage of gas samples; Addresses of laboratories that perform off site analyses; Sample shipping instructions; Data archiving; and Quality Control/Quality Assurance. It is expected that the above procedures will change as the flow test progresses, but deviations from the written procedures should be approved by C. Hayden of IGT and noted on the results of the analysis.

Hayden, Chris

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Soils and Brine Geochemistry and Mineralogy of Hyperarid Desert Playa, Ouargla Basin,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

controlled by the following precipitation sequence: calcite > gypsum > mirabilite > halite. This sequence Ă°mirabilite-thenardite-halite paragenesisĂ?, controlling the process of dissolution= precipitation of g

Ahmad, Sajjad

389

Results of investigations at the Zunil geothermal field, Guatemala: Well logging and brine geochemistry  

SciTech Connect

The well logging team from Los Alamos and its counterpart from Central America were tasked to investigate the condition of four producing geothermal wells in the Zunil Geothermal Field. The information obtained would be used to help evaluate the Zunil geothermal reservoir in terms of possible additional drilling and future power plant design. The field activities focused on downhole measurements in four production wells (ZCQ-3, ZCQ-4, ZCQ-5, and ZCQ-6). The teams took measurements of the wells in both static (shut-in) and flowing conditions, using the high-temperature well logging tools developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Two well logging missions were conducted in the Zunil field. In October 1988 measurements were made in well ZCQ-3, ZCQ-5, and ZCQ-6. In December 1989 the second field operation logged ZCQ-4 and repeated logs in ZCQ-3. Both field operations included not only well logging but the collecting of numerous fluid samples from both thermal and nonthermal waters. 18 refs., 22 figs., 7 tabs.

Adams, A.; Dennis, B.; Van Eeckhout, E.; Goff, F.; Lawton, R.; Trujillo, P.E.; Counce, D.; Archuleta, J. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Medina, V. (Instituto Nacional de Electrificacion, Guatemala City (Guatemala). Unidad de Desarollo Geotermico)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Gas Content of Gladys McCall Reservoir Brine A Topical Report  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

i g h enough t o i n j e c t t h e b r i n e i n t o the disposal w e l l . There are no pumps t.o push t h e britie down the disposal well. The second c r i t e r i o n i s t h e...

391

Effect of Brine on Hydrate Antiagglomeration J. Dalton York and Abbas Firoozabadi*,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

production lines often favor formation of crystalline inclusion compounds known as gas hydrates. Water, 2008. ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed March 19, 2009 Natural gas production poses a risk of flow-line hydrate blockage from coproduced water and hydrate- forming species. Our previous studies have focused

Firoozabadi, Abbas

392

Fault Detection and Diagnosis for Brine to Water Heat Pump Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This research project is part of a wider project called Smart Fault Detection and Diagnosis for HeatPump Systems currently under development by the Royal… (more)

Vecchio, Daniel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Geologic origins of salinization in a semi-arid river: The role of sedimentary basin brines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...as it passes through three large and deep sedimentary...The results of all three isotopic systems exhibit...river, which includes three distinct inputs, a 5...supported by SAHRA (Sustainability of Semi-Arid Hydrology...Postel, S., 1999, Pillar of sand: Can the irrigation...

394

Saturation Kinetics of a Vertical Multilayer Hydraulic Sealing System Exposed to Rock Salt Brine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...issued: 22 Aug. 2002. Pusch, R. 2001. The buffer and backfill handbook. Part 2. Rep. TR-02-12. Svensk Karnbranslehantering AB, Stockholm. Pusch, R. 2003. The buffer and backfill handbook. Part 3. Rep. TR-03-07. Svensk Karnbranslehantering...

Katja Emmerich; Gerhard Kemper; Franz Königer; Stefan Schlaeger; Matthias Gruner; Wolfgang Gaßner; Martin Hofmann; Rolf Nüesch; Rainer Schuhmann

395

Geochemical evidence for possible natural migration of Marcellus Formation brine to shallow aquifers in Pennsylvania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...opportunities . Environ Sci Technol 44 : 5679 – 5684 . 3 Howarth RW Ingraffea A Engelder T ( 2011 ) Natural gas: Should fracking stop? Nature 477 : 271 – 275 . 4 Osborn SG Vengosh A Warner NR Jackson RB ( 2011 ) Methane contamination of drinking water...

Nathaniel R. Warner; Robert B. Jackson; Thomas H. Darrah; Stephen G. Osborn; Adrian Down; Kaiguang Zhao; Alissa White; Avner Vengosh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Nevada: Geothermal Brine Brings Low-Cost Power with Big Potential  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Utilizing EERE funds, ElectraTherm developed a geothermal technology that will generate electricity for less than $0.06 per kilowatt hour.

397

Microbial life at ?13 °C in the brine of an ice-sealed Antarctic lake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Vida core-DVDP6 . Dry Valley Drilling Project Bulletin 3...Prospects for inferring very large phylogenies by using...indicates the location of the borehole. The white rectangle indicates...shores of Lake Vida showing two large Ferrar dolerite sills (darker...

Alison E. Murray; Fabien Kenig; Christian H. Fritsen; Christopher P. McKay; Kaelin M. Cawley; Ross Edwards; Emanuele Kuhn; Diane M. McKnight; Nathaniel E. Ostrom; Vivian Peng; Adrian Ponce; John C. Priscu; Vladimir Samarkin; Ashley T. Townsend; Protima Wagh; Seth A. Young; Pung To Yung; Peter T. Doran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- User's Manual for the RealGasBrine...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us | Admin Log On HomeBasic Search About Publications Advanced Search New Hot Docs News Related Links You are accessing a document from the...

399

Relative Permeability Experiments of Carbon Dioxide Displacing Brine and Their Implications for Carbon Sequestration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??To continue running our civilization on fossil fuels while avoiding global warming and ocean acidification, anthropogenic carbon dioxide must be diverted from atmospheric release. For… (more)

Levine, Jonathan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Nevada: Geothermal Brine Brings Low-Cost Power with Big Potential...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

April at the Florida Canyon Mine, Nevada, marked the beginning of another promising clean energy commercial enterprise. The Geothermal Technologies Office researches, develops, and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Membrane Desalination of Agricultural Drainage Water: Water Recovery Enhancement and Brine Minimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R.J. Petersen, Composite Reverse-Osmosis and NanofiltrationPilot-scale testing of reverse osmosis using conventionalY. Cohen, High- Recovery Reverse Osmosis Using Intermediate

Cohen, Yoram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

THERMAL GRADIENT MIGRATION OF BRINE INCLUSIONS IN SYNTHETIC ALKALI HALIDE SINGLE CRYSTALS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Engineering Program, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois This work was supported by the Director, Office of Energy Research,

Olander, D.R.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Williston Basin: An analysis of salt drilling techniques for brine-based drilling-fluid systems  

SciTech Connect

Williston Basin salt intervals, ranging in depth from 5,000 to 12,500 ft (1525 to 3810 m), have been responsible for widespread casing collapse because of the plastic movement of evaporites and the subsequent point loading of casing. This phenomenon is attributable to poor cement jobs across excessively eroded salt sections. A 2-year study led to the realization that this erosion is a function of not only salt dissolution but also the mechanical action of turbulent flow in the wellbore. A laminar flow regime can be realized and salt enlargement limited by careful control of annular flow rate, jet velocity, and drilling-fluid rheology.

Stash, S.M.; Jones, M.E.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Microbial life at ?13 °C in the brine of an ice-sealed Antarctic lake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...indicate that these organisms are well represented...last for a prolonged period, well in excess of its ?2,800...reduction in sediments from Gulf of Mexico cold seeps . Chem Geol 205 ( 3-4...Decker ER Bucher GJ ( 1982 ) Geothermal studies...

Alison E. Murray; Fabien Kenig; Christian H. Fritsen; Christopher P. McKay; Kaelin M. Cawley; Ross Edwards; Emanuele Kuhn; Diane M. McKnight; Nathaniel E. Ostrom; Vivian Peng; Adrian Ponce; John C. Priscu; Vladimir Samarkin; Ashley T. Townsend; Protima Wagh; Seth A. Young; Pung To Yung; Peter T. Doran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Deoxybenzoin-Based Polyarylates as Halogen-Free Fire-Resistant Kenneth A. Ellzey, T. Ranganathan, Joseph Zilberman, E. Bryan Coughlin,*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, processing, and engineering of halogen-free, low heat release, fire-resistant materials present important with high carbon monoxide emis- sion.7,8 Ideal flame-retardant polymers would possess high thermal stabilityDeoxybenzoin-Based Polyarylates as Halogen-Free Fire-Resistant Polymers Kenneth A. Ellzey, T

406

John Dalton and the London atomists: William and Bryan Higgins, William Austin, and new Daltonian doubts about the origin of the atomic theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...September 1803. I review and evaluate the case to be made for the influence of each scientist on Dalton. Contrary to prevailing views, I raise new Daltonian...footing, enabling present-day chemists to perform a myriad of practical calculations...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

LANIER, BRYAN KEITH. Study in the Improvement in Strength and Stiffness Capacity of Steel Multi-sided Monopole Towers Utilizing Carbon Fiber Reinforced  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-sided Monopole Towers Utilizing Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers as a Retrofitting Mechanism a strengthening solution utilizing high-modulus carbon fiber polymers as a retrofitting mechanism for monopole the behavior and validates the effectiveness of carbon fiber in increasing the flexural capacity of existing

408

Pyroelectric Crystal-Generated Neutron Production: Preliminary Results Using a Portable Vacuum System Don Gillich, Yaron Danon, Andrew Kovanen, Bryan Herman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Setup. Two programmable thermoelectric module controllers (Oven Industries, Inc., Model 5R7-388) were during heating or cooling. This potential gives rise to an electric field which is used to ionize D2 gas diameter, 10 mm thick LiTaO3 crystals were mounted on thermoelectric heaters. One crystal had a 70 nm

Danon, Yaron

409

Microsoft Word - readingroom.docx  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

continue to be available in the Mound Public Reading Room, now located at the Mound Science and Energy Museum, located at 1075 Mound Road, Miamisburg, Ohio, 45342. The museum is...

410

THE USE OF GROUND-PENETRATING RADAR FOR ARCHAEOLOGY: DETERMINING SITE FORMATION PROCESSES AND SUBSURFACE FEATURES ON TUTUILA ISLAND, AMERICAN SAMOA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, ceremonial mound (i.e. star mound) construction details were easily seen in radar profiles. Ground penetrating radar has the potential to yield significant details about such mounds, with no physical impact to the site....

Welch, Daniel

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

411

Strategic Petroleum Reserve site environmental report for calendar year 1997  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this Site Environmental Report (SER) is to characterize site environmental management performance, confirm compliance with environmental standards and requirements, and highlight significant programs and efforts for the US Department of Energy (DOE) Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). The SER, provided annually in accordance with DOE order 5400.1, serves the public by summarizing monitoring data collected to assess how the SPR impacts the environment. The SER provides a balanced synopsis of non-radiological monitoring and regulatory compliance data and affirms that the SPR has been operating within acceptable regulatory limits. Included in this report is a describe of each site`s environment, an overview of the SPR environmental program, and a recapitulation of special environmental activities and events associated with each SPR site during 1997. Two of these highlights include decommissioning of the Weeks Island site, involving the disposition of 11.6 million m{sup 3} (73 million barrels) of crude oil inventory, as well as the degasification of over 12.6 million m{sup 3} (79.3 million barrels) of crude oil inventory at the Big Hill and Bryan Mound facilities.

NONE

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Microsoft Word - S10184_GW.docx  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

2012 Mound, Ohio February 2014 This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Sitewide Groundwater Monitoring Report, CY 2012, Mound, Ohio February 2014 Doc. No....

413

Hydrogeology, chemical and microbial activity measurement through deep permafrost  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

illustrated that drill brine contamination in permafrostDespite the contamination of drilling brine in the U-tubepermafrost, contamination with drilling brine can be over-

Stotler, R.L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Transfer of the Heat Source / Radioisotope Themoelectric Generator Assembly and Test Operations From the Mound Site  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

031 031 Federal Register / Vol. 63, No. 191 / Friday, October 2, 1998 / Notices SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The package listing contains the following information: (1) Title of the information collection package; (2) current OMB control number; (3) type of respondents; (4) estimated number of responses annually; (5) estimated total burden hours, annually, including recordkeeping hours required to provide the information; (6) purpose; and (7) number of collections. Package Title: Legal. Current OMB No.: 1910-0800. Type of Respondents: DOE management and operating contractors, and offsite contractors. Estimated Number of Responses: 2,719. Estimated Total Burden Hours: 21,052. Purpose: This information is required by the Department to ensure that legal resources and requirements are

415

Minutes of the Faculty Council Meeting Wednesday, November 25, 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hadjigeorgiou Greg Jamieson Gina John Bryan Karney Mark T. Kortschot Eva Kuhn Song-Lian Lai Yuri Lawryshyn Ofer

Prodiæ, Aleksandar

416

Comment on ``Dynamically dimensioned search algorithm for computationally efficient watershed model calibration''  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

calibration'' by Bryan A. Tolson and Christine A. Shoemaker Ali Behrangi,1 Behnaz Khakbaz,1 Jasper A. Vrugt,2

Vrugt, Jasper A.

417

Long Term Innovative Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by Bryan Pivovar on DOE's Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies, Fuel Cell Presolicitation Workshop - Lakewood, CO March 16, 2010

418

TABLE OF CONTENTS BELLEVUE UNIVERSITY http://www.bellevue.edu................................................................... ..3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.bellevue.edu................................................................... ..3 BRYAN/LGH COLLEGE OF HEALTH SCIENCE http://www.bryanlghcollege.org.................... ..6 CENTRAL

Logan, David

419

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced supercomputing nas Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

. Nanostructure electronics 3. Atomic chain electronics 4. Quantum optoelectronics (Web page: ... Source: Biegel, Bryan - Advanced Supercomputing Division, NASA...

420

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Elliot l. Richardson, Secretary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Tridacnidae) on Helen Reef, Palau, Western Caroline Islands. Apri11975, Patrick G. Bryan and Daniel B. Mc

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

WORK PLAN FOR ENVIRONMENTAL WORK PLAN FOR ENVIRONMENTAL WORK PLAN FOR ENVIRONMENTAL  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

WORK PLAN FOR ENVIRONMENTAL WORK PLAN FOR ENVIRONMENTAL WORK PLAN FOR ENVIRONMENTAL WORK PLAN FOR ENVIRONMENTAL WORK PLAN FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION OF THE DOE MOUND RESTORATION OF THE DOE MOUND RESTORATION OF THE DOE MOUND RESTORATION OF THE DOE MOUND SITE, THE MOUND 2000 APPROACH SITE, THE MOUND 2000 APPROACH SITE, THE MOUND 2000 APPROACH SITE, THE MOUND 2000 APPROACH FEBRUARY 1999 Final (Revision 0) Department of Energy Babcock & Wilcox of Ohio Mr. Daniel Bird AICP, Planning Manager Miamisburg Mound Community Improvement Corporation 720 Mound Road Miamisburg, Ohio 45342-6714 Dear Mr. Bird: The Core Team, consisting of the U.S. Department of Energy Miamisburg Environmental Management Project (DOE-MEMP), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), and the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA), appreciates your comments on the Work

422

November 21, 2008 To: Donald Reed LA-UR-09-01187  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Actinide(III) case: Americium in WIPP Brine #12;Figure 2 Actinide(V) case: Neptunium in WIPP Brine #12

423

Saltwater Upconing and Decay Beneath a Well Pumping Above an Interface Zone  

SciTech Connect

Saltwater, or brine, underlies fresh water in many aquifers, with a transition zone separating them. Pumping fresh water by wells located above the transition zone produces upconing of the latter, eventually salinizing the pumped water, forcing shut-off. The salinity of the pumped water depends on the pumping rate, on the location of the well's screen, on the fresh water flow regime, and on the difference in density between fresh and salt water, expressed as a dimensionless factor called density difference factor (DDF). Following the well's shut-off, the upconed saltwater mound undergoes decay, tending to return to the pre-pumping regime. In this paper, the upconing-decay processes in an axially symmetrical system are investigated to discover how they are affected by the DDF and by the dispersivities. The code FEAS-Brine, developed for the simulation of coupled density-dependent flow and salt transport, is used. In this code, the flow equation is solved by the Galer:wqkin finite element method (FEM), while the advective-dispersive salt transport equation is solved in the Eulerian-Lagrangian framework. This code does not suffer from the instability constraint on the Peclet number in the vicinity of the pumping well, where advection dominates the salt transport. Simulation results show that upconing is very sensitive to the DDF, which, in our work, is in the range from 0 (for ideal tracer) to 0.2 (for brine). It is shown that for the DDF of 0.025 (for seawater), local upconing occurs only for low iso-salinity surfaces, while those of high salt concentration, practically, do not shift toward the pumping well. For an ideal tracer, all iso-salinity surfaces rise toward the pumping well. For brine, however, only iso-salinity surfaces of very low salinity upcone towards the pumping well. The decay process is lengthy; it takes a long time for the upconed saltwater to migrate back to the original horizontal transition zone prior to pumping. However, the wider transition zone caused by hydrodynamic dispersion can never return to the initial one. This indicates that once a pumping well is abandoned because of high salinity, it can be reused for groundwater utilization only after a long time.

Zhou, Quanlin; Bear, Jacob; Bensabat, Jacob

2004-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

424

Rebuild America Program – Brazos Valley Energy Conservation Coalition – Quarterly Report for July – September 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bryan High School Bryan ISD 229,033 square feet Site Contact ESL Metering Contact Mr. Mike Kristynik Aamer Athar Executive Director 053 WERC Planning & Operations Texas A&M University 101 N. Texas Avenue College Station, TX 77843-3123 Bryan, TX 77803... Bryan ISD 108,443 square feet Site Contact Mr. Mike Kristynik Executive Director Planning & Operations 101 N. Texas Avenue Bryan, TX 77803 (409) 361-5200 ESL Metering Contact Aamer Athar 053 WERC Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843-3123 (409...

Yazdani, B.; Haberl, J. S.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Site Characterization for CO2 Geologic Storage and Vice Versa -The Frio Brine Pilot as a Case Study  

SciTech Connect

Careful site characterization is critical for successfulgeologic sequestration of CO2, especially for sequestration inbrine-bearing formations that have not been previously used for otherpurposes. Traditional site characterization techniques such asgeophysical imaging, well logging, core analyses, interference welltesting, and tracer testing are all valuable. However, the injection andmonitoring of CO2 itself provides a wealth of additional information.Rather than considering a rigid chronology in which CO2 sequestrationoccurs only after site characterization is complete, we recommend thatCO2 injection and monitoring be an integral part of thesite-characterization process. The advantages of this approach arenumerous. The obvious benefit of CO2 injection is to provide informationon multi-phase flow properties, which cannot be obtained from traditionalsitecharacterization techniques that examine single-phase conditions.Additionally, the low density and viscosity of CO2 compared to brinecauses the two components to flow through the subsurface differently,potentially revealing distinct features of the geology. Finally, tounderstand sequestered CO2 behavior in the subsurface, there is nosubstitute for studying the movement of CO2 directly. Making CO2injection part of site characterization has practical benefits as well.The infrastructure for surface handling of CO2 (compression, heating,local storage) can be developed, the CO2 injection process can bedebugged, and monitoring techniques can be field-tested. Prior to actualsequestration, small amounts of CO2 may be trucked in. Later, monitoringaccompanying the actual sequestration operations may be used tocontinually refine and improve understanding of CO2 behavior in thesubsurface.

Doughty, Christine

2006-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

426

A comparison of ichthyofaunal communities at two potential brine disposal areas in the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cruises 28 Mean weight (g) of fishes per trawl tow at West Hack- berry and Weeks Island stations during 1978-1979 sea- sonal cruises 29 Mean Shannon-Wiener values per trawl tow at West Hack- berry and Weeks Island stations during 1978-1979 sea- sonal... 28 Table 3 Mean number (n) of individuals per trawl tow at West Hack- cruises. Season West Hackberry All 2 6 8 10 14 Stations Summer Pall Winter Spring All Seasons 291. 0 684. 3 396. 0 2607. 0 242. 0 844. 1 186 3 534. 7 473. 7 219. 0 494...

Beene, Edward Lloyd

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

427

Predicting PVT data for CO2brine mixtures for black-oil simulation of CO2 geological storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

trapping mechanism. In the petroleum industry, compositional reservoir simu- lators use EOS thermodynamic Leonenko a a Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, University of Calgary, Canada b Department of Petroleum Engineering, Kuwait University, Kuwait 1. Introduction The sequestration of anthropogenic CO2

Santos, Juan

428

STUDIES ON THE USE OF CARBON DIOXIDE DISSOLVED IN REFRIGERATED BRINE FOR THE PRESERVATION OF WHOLE FISH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of water by species of low oil content, such as sole and cod, and an increase in total salt. Con- trolling, NO. Z, 1971. Use of carbon dioxide gas dissolved in re- frigerated seawater seemed promising as an in experiments on holding fish in tanks, carbon dioxide decreased the rate at which their quality was degraded

429

SciTech Connect: User's Manual for the RealGasBrine v1.0 Option...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

United States Language: English Subject: 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY Word Cloud More Like This Full Text preview image File size NAView Full Text...

430

Brine flow up a borehole caused by pressure perturbation from CO2 storage: Static and dynamic evaluations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10.1007/s12665-009-0401-1. NETL (National Energy Technologyfor Storage of CO 2 in Deep Geologic Formations, NETL ReportDOE/NETL-401/090808, November 2010. Nicot, J.P. , 2008.

Birkholzer, J.T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

The role of CO2 in CH4 exsolution from deep brine: Implications for geologic carbon sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spreading under the shale where gas saturation is higher duecomposition of the gas above the shale is mainly CH 4 , andeffect of the shale remains as higher gas saturations are

Oldenburg, C.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Evaluation of Membrane Treatment Technology to Optimize and Reduce Hypersalinity Content of Produced Brine for Reuse in Unconventional Gas Wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scale were performed using pretreatment, microfiltration and nanofiltration processes. Membrane performance was selected based on high flux separation efficiency, high tolerance for solids and fluid treatments. Over 95 % solids rejection and greater...

Eboagwu, Uche

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

433

Dewetting of silica surfaces upon reactions with supercritical CO2 and brine: Pore-scale studies in micromodels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Gas-Crude Oil-Reservoir Water System. J Chem Eng Datain Naturally Fractured Oil Reservoirs. Energ Fuel 2010, 24,CO 2 injected into depleted oil reservoirs may have faster

Kim, Y.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Semiannual report - 1st half FY 1984, October 1, 1983-March 31, 1984  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Inspector General has made steady progress during this reporting period in fulfilling its mandate to prevent and detect fraud and abuse and to promote efficiency and economy in the Department of Energy's (DOE) programs and operations. The Office of Audits issued four public reports and 71 other reports which primarily resulted from our reviews of departmental contracts. Based on our report recommendations, DOE managers have made commitments to more effectively use over $8 million. An additional $6.3 million of contractor costs that were questioned in audit reports were recovered by the Department during the six months ending March 31, 1984. The Office of Inspections issued 13 reports during the first half of Fiscal Year 1984. Issues addressed ranged from an evaluation of the Department's capability to conduct an emergency drawdown of crude oil inventories at the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Bryan Mound site to critical issues raised by concerned citizens relative to the Department's policies on the control of radioactive waste. In addition, the Office of Inspections continued to monitor a 1982 report wherein we questioned the estimated cost of construction for Phase I of the Defense Waste Processing Facility at Aiken, South Carolina. After a recommended review of the estimates was made, the Department's Acquisition Executive made a decision supporting the reduction of the estimated cost of the facility from $910 million to $870 million. During this reporting period, 11 Office of Investigations cases were referred to prosecutive authorities and other investigative agencies. One of the cases was accepted for prosecution. During the reporting period we had 30 indictments and 29 convictions. We also recovered $38,804. Three hundred twenty-six cases remained open on March 31, 1984.

Richards, J.R.

1984-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

435

Three-dimensional representations of salt-dome margins at four active strategic petroleum reserve sites.  

SciTech Connect

Existing paper-based site characterization models of salt domes at the four active U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve sites have been converted to digital format and visualized using modern computer software. The four sites are the Bayou Choctaw dome in Iberville Parish, Louisiana; the Big Hill dome in Jefferson County, Texas; the Bryan Mound dome in Brazoria County, Texas; and the West Hackberry dome in Cameron Parish, Louisiana. A new modeling algorithm has been developed to overcome limitations of many standard geological modeling software packages in order to deal with structurally overhanging salt margins that are typical of many salt domes. This algorithm, and the implementing computer program, make use of the existing interpretive modeling conducted manually using professional geological judgement and presented in two dimensions in the original site characterization reports as structure contour maps on the top of salt. The algorithm makes use of concepts of finite-element meshes of general engineering usage. Although the specific implementation of the algorithm described in this report and the resulting output files are tailored to the modeling and visualization software used to construct the figures contained herein, the algorithm itself is generic and other implementations and output formats are possible. The graphical visualizations of the salt domes at the four Strategic Petroleum Reserve sites are believed to be major improvements over the previously available two-dimensional representations of the domes via conventional geologic drawings (cross sections and contour maps). Additionally, the numerical mesh files produced by this modeling activity are available for import into and display by other software routines. The mesh data are not explicitly tabulated in this report; however an electronic version in simple ASCII format is included on a PC-based compact disk.

Rautman, Christopher Arthur; Stein, Joshua S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

TITLEPG.PDF  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Mound's Land Transfer Process Mound's Land Transfer Process December 1999 Developed by: Department of Energy -- Miamisburg Environmental Management Project, in coordination with: the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, and the Miamisburg-Mound Community Improvement Corporation 1 DOE-Mound's Land Transfer Process: Supplemental Text INTRODUCTION This document provides a description of the land transfer process developed by the Department of Energy-Miamisburg Environmental Management Project (hereafter referred to as DOE-Mound). The text is intended to accompany DOE-Mound's Land Transfer Process Flow Diagram (Figure 1), which consists of two separate, but interrelated processes: the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and

437

Local residents bundle up for winter weather | The Bryan-College Statio... http://www.theeagle.com/stories/120106/local_20061201005.php 1 of 2 12/1/2006 11:28 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is looking to buy pipe insulation, duct tape and frost blankets so they can wrap their pipes and cover ice melted down where they're going to be walking." Customers at PetSmart in College Station were also

Toback, David

438

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS CLASS WAIVER OF THE GOVERNMENT'S U.S. AND FOREIGN PATENT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MOUND APPLIED MOUND APPLIED TECHNOLOGIES, INC. MADE IN THE COURSE OF OR UNDER CONTRACT DE-AC04-88DP43495 WITH THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (DOE) FOR THE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATION OF THE MOUND PLANT AND INCLUDING A CLASS ADVANCE WAIVER OF TITLE TO INVENTIONS MADE IN THE PERFORMANCE OF COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS ENTERED INTO BY THE DOE. W(C)93-006 EG&G Mound Applied Technologies, Inc. (EG&G-Mound) manages and operates the Mound Plant for the DOE under Prime Contract No. DE-AC04-88DP43495. EG&G-Mound is organized as a large, for-profit corporation. The Mound Plant is a Government-owned, Contractor-operated production plant facility located in Miamisburg, Ohio, and is a part of the DOE nuclear weapons complex. The recent modification of Section 91 of the Atomic Energy Act, coupled with the National Competitiveness Technology

439

Other Stakeholders  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Ohio 45343 (937) 847-6636 E-mail: ellen.stanifer@cityofmiamisburg.com Mound Science and Energy Museum (MSEM) 1075 Mound Road Miamisburg, Ohio 45342-6714 Website: http:...

440

Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 2/11)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or for severe injuries and illnesses) BryanLGH East 1600 S. 48th Street (402) 489-0200 Walk in 24 hours Submits bill to State WC Claims BryanLGH West 2300 S. 16th Street (402) 475-1011 Walk in 24 hours Submits billCare or Bryan LGH East and West Emergency Rooms, because they do not provide screening services for bloodborne

Farritor, Shane

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Inbetween place: the emergence of the essence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. .................................................. 67 4.8 The Old Bryan Marketplace?s inside gateway .......................................... 68 4.9 An aerial view of Bryan Main Street at 26th Street in early 1900?s ............ 70 4.10 A present aerial view of the South Bryan Main... Street .............................. 70 4.11 A Kimbell analysis of the servant and the served..................................... 73 4.12 Kimbell inbetween servants in construction ......................................... 74 4...

Laiprakobsup, Narongpon

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

442

Biogeosciences, 2, 97111, 2005 www.biogeosciences.net/bg/2/97/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the alkaline spring. The mound consisted of brucite, Mg-rich clays, ephemeral car- bonates, Fe-Ni sulfide

Boyer, Edmond

443

Influence of Photosynthetic Crown Structure on Potential Productivity of Vegetation, Based Primarily on Mathematical Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and small gravels to the surface could explain the presence of mounds on Rocky Flats. The sorting, causing

Minnesota, University of

444

Colorado stride (COSTRIDE): testing genetic and physiological moderators of response to an intervention to increase physical activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

details University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309,data and rationale for Colorado STRIDE. J Behav Med 2013,as: Bryan et al. : Colorado stride (COSTRIDE): testing

Bryan, Angela D; Magnan, Renee E; Hooper, Ann E; Ciccolo, Joseph T; Marcus, Bess; Hutchison, Kent E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

US Energy Sector Vulnerabilities to Climate Change  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

authors included Bryan Mignone of DOE-PI, and Dan Bilello, KC Hallett, Courtney Lee, Jordan Macknick, Robin Newmark, and Daniel Steinberg of NREL. Vince Tidwell of Sandia...

446

MEMORANDUM FOR: John Conti Assistant Administrator for Energy...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

*Bryan Hannegan (EPRI) *Eric Holdsworth (EEI) *Serpil Kayin (EPA) *Colleen Kelly (Bipartisan Policy Center) 2 WebEx (con'd) *Christopher Nichols (DOE: NETL) *Seth...

447

What is a Writing Liaison? As part of our Quality Enhancement Plan, each Department, College, or School that offers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Construction Management Bryan Wheeler Criminal Justice John Kerbs Economics Nehad and Literatures Katherine Ford & Birgit Jensen Geography Jeff Popke Geology Catherine

448

GE Partners on Microgrid Project | GE Global Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

such as wind and solar energy; combined heat and power; energy storage; and demand response," said Bryan Hannegan, NREL's Associate Director for Energy Systems Integration....

449

West Valley Demonstration Project: A Short History and Status  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation made by Bryan C. Bower for the NTSF annual meeting held from May 14-16, 2013 in Buffalo, NY.

450

Blog Archive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Martha O'Bryan Community Center and Maryville Christian School visiting Director Dot Harris at Oak Ridge National Laboratory discussed STEM careers, educational opportunities,...

451

RODEWALD-RUDESCU, L. 1974. Das Schilfrohr. Phragmites ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Emery present seismic data by Stoll, Bryan, and indicating ... of seismic data. John M. Hunt ... that fishing boats are reputed to hit the sandy bottom in wave ...

2000-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

452

"Conflict Between Economic Growth and Environmental Protection...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9, 2012, 4:15pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium "Conflict Between Economic Growth and Environmental Protection", Dr. Bryan Czech, resident, Center for the Advancement of the Steady State...

453

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Spence Neutron Sciences Lorie Hickey Environment, Safety, Health, and Quality Leroy Sims Physical Sciences Canajo Moore Facilities and Operations Bryan Coulter U.S. ITER...

454

NREL: News - NREL to Advance Technologies for Microgrid Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

resources such as wind and solar energy, combined heat and power, energy storage, and demand response," NREL's Associate Director for Energy Systems Integration Bryan Hannegan...

455

Method for FractMethod for Fracture Detection Using Multicomponent...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Method for FractMethod for Fracture Detection Using Multicomponent Seismic Dataure Detection Using Multicomponent Seismic Data Dr. Bryan DeVault Department of Geophysics Colorado...

456

The role of eldwork in rock decay research: Case studies from the fringe Ronald I. Dorn a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

knowledge of rock decay and continues to build on the classic research of Blackwelder, Bryan, Gilbert, chemistry, civil engineering, geochemistry, geography, geology, hydrology, microbiology, micros- copy

Dorn, Ron

457

Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cell Workshop Welcome and OverviewInnovation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alkaline Membrane Fuel Cell Workshop Welcome and Overview Innovation for Our Energy Future Bryan Pivovar National Renewable Energy Laboratory AMFC Workshop May 8, 2011 Innovation...

458

E-Print Network 3.0 - anisotropic p-f mixing Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Topography and Sub-Gridscale Parameterization Matthew Hecht1, Frank Bryan2 and Richard Smith Summary: full40 Level full (5500 m) Anisotropic, KPP Biharmonic, KPP Biharmonic,...

459

Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Seminar Agenda - January...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Systems Integration - Bryan Hannegan, NREL 11:00am Energy Reliability in a Changing Landscape Julieta Giraldez, NREL Steve Kiesner, Edison Electric Institute Bill...

460

SREL Reprint #3264  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Characterization of tidally influenced Wood Stork foraging habitats in Georgia A. Lawrence Bryan, Jr.1 and Rena R. Borkhataria2 1University of Georgia, Savannah River Ecology...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Microsoft Word - Data Classification Security Framework V5.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

888P Unlimited Release Printed July 2007 Security Framework for Control System Data Classification and Protection Bryan T. Richardson and John Michalski Prepared by Sandia National...

462

Fellows  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January 30, 2014 Steven Conradson of Materials Science in Radiation and Dynamics Extremes (MST-8) and Bryan Henson of Physical Chemistry and Applied Spectroscopy (C-PCS) are...

463

21 DECEMBER 2012 VOL 338 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org1522 CREDIT:NASA/JPL-CALTECH/ASU/UA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the images allowed the researchers to measure the inclination of the sediment layers in the mound. What Lewis are deposited as flat-lying beds. But the mound's sedi- ment layers are consistently inclined by 2° to 4 have formed, Kite and Lewis conclude that the wind did it. In their sce- nario, the mound "rose from

464

psvtm_model.eps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sandstone ? Brine + GH. Sandstone ? Brine. 200. 200. Sandstone ? Brine. x. z. 800. Vp=2200 m/s. Vs=1250 m/sSigma=1 S/m. Vp=4100 m/s. Vs=2300 ...

santos@gauss ()

465

Withdrawal of Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Transfer of Certain Operations From the Department of Energy (DOE) Mound Site, May 17, 1999  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

54 54 Federal Register / Vol. 64, No. 95 / Tuesday, May 18, 1999 / Notices available from Patrick J. Sherrill at the address specified above. Dated: May 12, 1999. William E. Burrow, Acting Leader, Information Management Group, Office of the Chief Information Officer. Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs Type of Review: Extension. Title: Applications for Grants under Emergency Immigrant Education Program. Frequency: Annually. Affected Public: State, local or Tribal Gov't, SEAs or LEAs. Reporting and Recordkeeping Burden: Responses: 57. Burden Hours: 9,177. Abstract: This application is used by State educational agencies to apply for formula grants authorized under the Emergency Immigrant Education Act (Title VI of Pub. L. 98-511 as amended by Pub. L. 103-382).

466

CX-010404: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exclusion Determination Replace Brine Disposal System Header to West Hackberry Brine Tanks, Government Furnished Equipment CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 04222013 Location(s):...

467

AN INVESTIGATION OF METALLURGICAL FACTORS WHICH AFFECT THE FRACTURE TOUGHNESS OF ULTRA HIGH STRENGTH STEELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

c °c Table IV. Ice brine quench cooling data from midsectionthat the ice brine quench results in a faster cooling rate

Wood, William E.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Numerical Simulation in Applied Geophysics. From the Mesoscale to ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

due to patchy brine-CO2 saturation .... Case 4: A brine saturated sample with a fractal frame and ..... foods, groundwater flow and contamination among others.

santos

469

Multiscale modeling of surfactant phase behavior in the remediation of DNAPL contamination.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The brine barrier remediation technique (BBRT) has been proposed as a novel Brine barrier remediation techniques (BBRT) that use surfactants have been proposed for remediating… (more)

Fan, Xiangyu.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Acoustics in Porous Media. - Department of Mathematics, Purdue ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Case 4: A brine saturated sample with a fractal frame and ... Brine saturated medium with fractures. 2. .... groundwater flow and contamination among others.

robiel

471

California Geothermal Power Plant to Help Meet High Lithium Demand...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

brines in California. Batteries from Brine California: Geothermal Plant to Help Meet High Lithium Demand Mineral Recovery Creates Revenue Stream for Geothermal Energy Development...

472

Microsoft PowerPoint - 4 Chris Camphouse [Compatibility Mode...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

at the WIPP site. Brine inflow to the repository can increase direct brine releases. New data and analyses enabled a refinement to the probability of encountering pressurized...

473

Natural analogue synthesis report, TDR-NBS-GS-000027 rev00 icn 02  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Production Casing in Geothermal Wells." Geothermics, 18, (T-1 Typical Salton Sea Geothermal Well Brine6-2. Typical Salton Sea Geothermal Well Brine Composition I

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid rock discharges Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

dioxide from acidic brine. For a brine-rock ... Source: Heller, Paul - Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Wyoming Collection: Geosciences 55 Chapter 1....

475

Development of bushings and bearings for use in hot-brine pumps. Quarterly technical progress report No. 6, March 1-June 1, 1981  

SciTech Connect

The nature of the problems associated with premature failures of downhole line shaft bearings, especially those tested in the Imperial Valley, was studied. Problem Definition is complete. Phase II, 100-hour Screening Tests, is 80 percent completed with promising results. Significant testing procedure modifications have been made and are presented.

Not Available

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Fractionation of NaCl, MgCl2, and CaCl2 brines with a polyfunctional ion exchange resin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

softening, demineralizat1on, or sim1lar processes in which the objective is to remove undesirable 1ons. Ion exchange as a separation technique, that 1s, the recovery of two or more 1ons, has become 1ncreas1ngly important. Mayer and Tompk1ns (12.... Phys. 20, 1657 (1952). 11. McIlhenny, W. F. , M. S. Thesis, Texas A. and M. College (1958). 12 . Mayer, S. W. , Tompkins, E. R. , J. Am. Chem. Soc . 69, 2866 ( 1947) 1$. Nachod, F. C. , Schubert, J. , Ion Exchange Technolo Academic Press, N ew York...

Baker, Albert Byre

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Modeling CO{sub 2}-Brine-Rock Interaction Including Mercury and H{sub 2}S Impurities in the Context of CO{sub 2} Geologic Storage  

SciTech Connect

This study uses modeling and simulation approaches to investigate the impacts on injectivity of trace amounts of mercury (Hg) in a carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) stream injected for geologic carbon sequestration in a sandstone reservoir at ~2.5 km depth. At the range of Hg concentrations expected (7-190 ppbV, or ~ 0.06-1.6 mg/std.m{sup 3}CO{sub 2}), the total volumetric plugging that could occur due to complete condensation of Hg, or due to complete precipitation of Hg as cinnabar, results in a very small porosity change. In addition, Hg concentration much higher than the concentrations considered here would be required for Hg condensation to even occur. Concentration of aqueous Hg by water evaporation into CO{sub 2} is also unlikely because the higher volatility of Hg relative to H{sub 2}O at reservoir conditions prevents the Hg concentration from increasing in groundwater as dry CO{sub 2} sweeps through, volatilizing both H{sub 2}O and Hg. Using a model-derived aqueous solution to represent the formation water, batch reactive geochemical modeling show that the reaction of the formation water with the CO{sub 2}-Hg mixture causes the pH to drop to about 4.7 and then become buffered near 5.2 upon reaction with the sediments, with a negligible net volume change from mineral dissolution and precipitation. Cinnabar (HgS(s)) is found to be thermodynamically stable as soon as the Hg-bearing CO{sub 2} reacts with the formation water which contains small amounts of dissolved sulfide. Liquid mercury (Hg(l)) is not found to be thermodynamically stable at any point during the simulation. Two-dimensional radial reactive transport simulations of CO{sub 2} injection at a rate of 14.8 kg/s into a 400 m-thick formation at isothermal conditions of 106°C and average pressure near 215 bar, with varying amounts of Hg and H{sub 2}S trace gases, show generally that porosity changes only by about ±0.05% (absolute, i.e., new porosity = initial porosity ±0.0005) with Hg predicted to readily precipitate from the CO{sub 2} as cinnabar in a zone mostly matching the single-phase CO{sub 2} plume. The precipitation of minerals other than cinnabar, however, dominates the evolution of porosity. Main reactions include the replacement of primarily Fe-chlorite by siderite, of calcite by dolomite, and of K-feldspar by muscovite. Chalcedony is also predicted to precipitate from the dissolution of feldspars and quartz. Although the range of predicted porosity change is quite small, the amount of dissolution and precipitation predicted for these individual minerals is not negligible. These reactive transport simulations assume that Hg gas behaves ideally. To examine effects of non-ideality on these simulations, approximate calculations of the fugacity coefficient of Hg in CO{sub 2} were made. Results suggest that Hg condensation could be significantly overestimated when assuming ideal gas behavior, making our simulation results conservative with respect to impacts on injectivity. The effect of pressure on Henry’s constant for Hg is estimated to yield Hg solubilities about 10% lower than when this effect is not considered, a change that is considered too small to affect the conclusions of this report. Although all results in this study are based on relatively mature data and modeling approaches, in the absence of experimental data and more detailed site-specific information, it is not possible to fully validate the results and conclusions.

Spycher, N.; Oldenburg, C.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

A Phase-Partitioning Model for CO2–Brine Mixtures at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures: Application to CO2-Enhanced Geothermal Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D.W. : A hot dry rock geothermal energy concept utilizinga renewed interest in geothermal energy, and particularly inThe Future of Geothermal Energy. (Massachusetts Institute of

Spycher, Nicolas; Pruess, Karsten

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

A Phase-Partitioning Model for CO2–Brine Mixtures at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures: Application to CO2-Enhanced Geothermal Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulations of dry-out and halite precipitation due to CO 2a reasonable approximation up to halite saturation (Spycher

Spycher, Nicolas; Pruess, Karsten

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Calcium Isotopic Variation in Marine Evaporites and Carbonates: Applications to Late Miocene Mediterranean Brine Chemistry and Late Cenozoic Calcium Cycling in the Oceans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

O)/anhydrite (CaSO 4 ) and halite (NaCl) have critical usesconsumption in the case of halite. Harvie et al. (1980)the ratio of anhydrite to halite in natural deposits than

Hensley, Tabitha Michele

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "bryan mound brine" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Assessing Uncertainty and Repeatability in Time-Lapse VSP Monitoring of CO2 Injection in a Brine Aquifer, Frio Formation, Texas (A Case Study)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to acknowledge Robert Romanosky (NETL Strategic Center forEnergy Technology Laboratory (NETL). It is a multi-national-national laboratories: NETL-RUA, Lawrence Berkeley National

Nazari, S.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Capillary pressure saturation relations supercritical CO2 and brine in sand: High-pressure Pc(Sw) controller/meter measurements and capillary scaling predictions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology Laboratory (NETL), U.S. Department of Energyto acknowledge Robert Romanosky (NETL Strate- gic Center fornational laboratories: NETL, Lawrence Berke- ley National

Tokunaga, T.K.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Integrated hydrothermal model for proposed deep crustal borehole on Texas Gulf Coast - origins of geopressured brines and lead-zinc, uranium, hydrocarbon, and cap-rock deposits  

SciTech Connect

Sediment accumulation over Jurassic salt in the Gulf coast has resulted in an interrelated sequential development of salt domes and diagenetic, hydrothermal, and hydrocarbon generation zones. Primary anhydrites within the salt with high /sup 87/Sr//sup 86/Sr ratios suggest early generation of underlying fluids rich in radiogenic strontium that were incorporated in the salt during its diapiric rise to the surface. Subsequently, late-stage, hydrocarbon-rich, saline hydrothermal fluids migrated up the margins of the salt domes, and caused precipitation of several generation of calcite cements, followed by uranium and Mississippi Valley-type lead-zinc-barite deposits near or at salt dome rims. Present fluids in the lower Frio (deeper than 4270 m or 14,000 ft) at the Pleasant Bayou geopressured-geothermal test well (Brazoria County, Texas) are highly saline and enriched in iron, manganese, lead, zinc, and carbon dioxide, and are saturated in methane. These lower Frio waters must have migrated into the area recently because they are not in isotopic equilibrium with diagenetic albite cements formed at temperatures greater than 120/sup 0/C (248/sup 0/F) less than 7.5 million years ago. Isotopic and geochemical data suggest that the fluids trapped by geopressure in the lower Frio at the Pleasant Bayou well are the parent fluids of those causing salt dome cap-rock mineralization.

Light, M.P.R.; Posey, H.H.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

One-flow feed divided electrochemical reactor for indirect electrolytic production of hypochlorite from brine for swimming pool treatment-experimental and theoretical optimization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A ‘two-compartment’ asymmetric electrochemical reactor, operating without electrodes polarity inversion, was designed and optimized for the chlorination of swimming pools. Gaseous chlorine, produced at the anode and absorbed in the alkalinized catholyte, provides the hypochlorite solution. Empiric equations providing the chloride concentration dependence on the initial current density magnitude were established. Experimental optimization of the effect of the various operating parameters allows a chloride conversion close to 50% with faradic yields higher than 80%, and a chlorine production of 1 kmol/day/m2 to be achieved. Macroscopic mass balance, was performed and the obtained theoretical results correlate with the experimental ones ( X theor . Cl - - X exper . Cl -  < 10%).

T. Tzedakis; Y. Assouan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Borehole closure and test zone volume determination program for brine-permeability test results within the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant underground facility  

SciTech Connect

Until recently, hydrologic characterization in closed sections of boreholes at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) has relied on measurements of pressure and temperature to establish the permeability of the host geological formations. There were no provisions for monitoring tool compliance and salt creep resulting from borehole closure. The new permeability test tool used to characterize the WIPP underground facility has been equipped with a series of sensors to measure the movement of the tool with respect to the borehole and borehole wall movement. A FORTRAN program can interpret the output data from each test and calculate the change in borehole radius, test zone length, and test zone volume. These values provide a correlation of fluid compressibility and tool compliance with the permeability results derived from the test data. 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Jensen, A.L.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

A Phase-Partitioning Model for CO2–Brine Mixtures at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures: Application to CO2-Enhanced Geothermal Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D.W. : A hot dry rock geothermal energy concept utilizingThe Future of Geothermal Energy. (Massachusetts Institute ofa renewed interest in geothermal energy, and particularly in

Spycher, Nicolas; Pruess, Karsten

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

CO2-Brine Surface Dissolution and Injection: CO2 Storage Enhancement Paul Emeka Eke, SPE, Mark Naylor, Stuart Haszeldine and Andrew Curtis, Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are population increase, per capita GDP (also known as ``affluence level''), the energy intensity of the economy by the gross domestic product, GDP), energy production, E, carbon-based fuels used for energy production, C (E/GDP) and the carbon intensity of the energy system (C/E). The term E/GDP reflects the sectorial

488

Assessing Uncertainty and Repeatability in Time-Lapse VSP Monitoring of CO2 Injection in a Brine Aquifer, Frio Formation, Texas (A Case Study)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

national laboratories: NETL-RUA, Lawrence Berkeley NationalLaboratory (PNNL). The NETL-RUA is an applied research

Nazari, S.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Microsoft Word - S07963_MND 5yr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Community Notification and Involvement Community Notification and Involvement This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Mound, Ohio, Third Five-Year Review September 2011 Doc. No. S07963 Page C-1 Mound, Ohio, Third Five-Year Review U.S. Department of Energy Doc. No. S07963 September 2011 Page C-2 U.S. Department of Energy Mound, Ohio, Third Five-Year Review September 2011 Doc. No. S07963 Page C-3 Mound, Ohio, Third Five-Year Review U.S. Department of Energy Doc. No. S07963 September 2011 Page C-4 U.S. Department of Energy Mound, Ohio, Third Five-Year Review September 2011 Doc. No. S07963 Page C-5 Mound, Ohio, Third Five-Year Review U.S. Department of Energy Doc. No. S07963 September 2011 Page C-6 U.S. Department of Energy Mound, Ohio, Third Five-Year Review

490

COOPERATIVE AND NON-COOPERATIVE DECISION BEHAVIORS IN RESPONSE TO THE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE PROGRAM IN THE ATLANTA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COOPERATIVE AND NON-COOPERATIVE DECISION BEHAVIORS IN RESPONSE TO THE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE BEHAVIORS IN RESPONSE TO THE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE PROGRAM IN THE ATLANTA AIRSHED, 1997-2001 Bryan G not have been able to cover the immense research landscape that is presented in this dissertation. Bryan

Vermont, University of

491

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Stratospheric Zonal-Mean Flow Erwan Monier and Bryan C. Weare Report No. 190 January 2011 #12;The MIT Joint of the Marine Biology Laboratory (MBL) at Woods Hole, and by short- and long-term visitors to the Program Erwan Monier* and Bryan C. Weare Abstract The momentum budget of the Transformed Eulerian-Mean (TEM

492

MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Stratospheric Ozone Transport Erwan Monier and Bryan C. Weare Report No. 191 January 2011 #12;The MIT Joint of the Marine Biology Laboratory (MBL) at Woods Hole, and by short- and long-term visitors to the Program Erwan Monier* and Bryan C. Weare Abstract A thorough analysis of the ozone transport was carried out

493

Housing Catalog 517-884-LIVE (5483)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

facilities and the Breslin Student Events Center. Fitness centers are located in Armstrong, Bailey, Bryan, Butterfield and Rather Halls. Brody Neighborhood Halls: · Armstrong · Bailey · Bryan · Butterfield · Emmons Brody Hall (Brody Neighborhood Engagement Center) ARMSTRONG HALL Armstrong Hall is located

494

Review: How to Design and Post Information on a Corporate Intranet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Information on a Corporate Intranet Reviewed by Anne Marples...Information on a Corporate Intranet Bryan Hopkins ISBN 0-566-07981-X...and, with object technology at its current state...IBM European Object Technology Practice Unix...Information on a Corporate Intranet Bryan Hopkins ISBN 0-566-07981-X......

Anne Marples

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Commercial Fertilizers in 1921-22.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the investment. . The haphazard use of potash in fertilizer under all conditions should be discontinued. Texas soils can get on much better without fertilizer potash than without phosphoric acid or nitrogen. There has been in the past much waste of potash... ........................................ Bryan Cotton Oil and Fertilizer Co., Bryan . Texas.- Star Brand Cotton and Corn Fertilizer-Guarantee .... Analysis ........................................ Analysis ........................................ Star Rrand Potato Fertilizer...

Asbury, S. E. (Samuel E.); Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1922-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Feasibility report on alternative methods for cooling cavern oils at the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve.  

SciTech Connect

Oil caverns at the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) are subjected to geothermal heating from the surrounding domal salt. This process raises the temperature of the crude oil from around 75 F upon delivery to SPR to as high as 130 F after decades of storage. While this temperature regime is adequate for long-term storage, it poses challenges for offsite delivery, with warm oil evolving gases that pose handling and safety problems. SPR installed high-capacity oil coolers in the mid-1990's to mitigate the emissions problem by lowering the oil delivery temperature. These heat exchanger units use incoming raw water as the cooling fluid, and operate only during a drawdown event where incoming water displaces the outgoing oil. The design criteria for the heat exchangers are to deliver oil at 100 F or less under all drawdown conditions. Increasing crude oil vapor pressures due in part to methane intrusion in the caverns is threatening to produce sufficient emissions at or near 100 F to cause the cooled oil to violate delivery requirements. This impending problem has initiated discussion and analysis of alternative cooling methods to bring the oil temperature even lower than the original design basis of 100 F. For the study described in this report, two alternative cooling methods were explored: (1) cooling during a limited drawdown, and (2) cooling during a degas operation. Both methods employ the heat exchangers currently in place, and do not require extra equipment. An analysis was run using two heat transfer models, HEATEX, and CaveMan, both developed at Sandia National Laboratories. For cooling during a limited drawdown, the cooling water flowrate through the coolers was varied from 1:1 water:oil to about 3:1, with an increased cooling capacity of about 3-7 F for the test cavern Bryan Mound 108 depending upon seasonal temperature effects. For cooling in conjunction with a degas operation in the winter, cavern oil temperatures for the test cavern Big Hill 102 were cooled sufficiently that the cavern required about 9 years to return to the temperature prior to degas. Upon reviewing these results, the authors recommended to the U.S. Department of Energy that a broader study of the cooling during degas be pursued in order to examine the potential benefits of cooling on all caverns in the current degasification schedule.

Levin, Bruce L.; Lord, David L.; Hadgu, Teklu

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Compilation of Gas Intrusion Measurements, Variations, and Consequence Modeling for SPR Caverns  

SciTech Connect

The intrusion of gas into oils stored within the SPR has been examined. When oil is stored in domal salts, gases intrude into the stored oil from the surrounding salt. Aspects of the mechanism of gas intrusion have been examined. In all cases, this gas intrusion results in increases in the oil vapor pressure. Data that have been gathered from 1993 to August 2002 are presented to show the resultant increases in bubble-point pressure on a cavern-by-cavern as well as on a stream basis. The measurement techniques are presented with particular emphasis on the TVP 95. Data analysis methods are presented to show the methods required to obtain recombined cavern oil compositions. Gas-oil ratios are also computed from the data and are presented on a cavern-by-cavern and stream basis. The observed increases in bubble-point pressure and gas-oil ratio are further statistically analyzed to allow data interpretation. Emissions plume modeling is used to determine adherence to state air regulations. Gas intrusion is observed to be variable among the sites and within each dome. Gas intrusions at Bryan Mound and Big Hill have resulted in the largest increases in bubble-point pressure for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). The streams at Bayou Choctaw and West Hackberry show minimal bubble-point pressure increases. Emissions plume modeling, using the state mandated ISCST code, of oil storage tanks showed that virtually no gas may be released when H2S standards are considered. DOE plans to scavenge H{sub 2}S to comply with the very tight standards on this gas. With the assumption of scavenging, benzene releases become the next most controlling factor. Model results show that a GOR of 0.6 SCF/BBL may be emissions that are within standards. Employing the benzene gas release standard will significantly improve oil deliverability. New plume modeling using the computational fluid dynamics code, FLUENT, is addressing limitations of the state mandated ISCST model.

HINKEBEIN, THOMAS E.

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

INVESTIGATIONS ON THE USE OF ANODIC STRIPPING VOLTAMMETRY FOR THE ANALYSES OF LEAD IN SALINE ENVIRONMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

brines, and volcanic outgassing (Handbook of Geochemistry, 1974, p.82-I-l): (c) industrial contamination

Case, Charles W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

American Mineralogist, Volume 90, pages 371381, 2005 0003-004X/05/0203371$05.00/DOI: 10.2138/am.2005.1599 371  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, amorphous silica is often contaminated with metals in higher salinity brines. The most common metal silicate in geothermal brines commonly range from 0.5 to 20 wt%. When these brines are brought to the surface through of the brines, while concentrat- ing the dissolved solids. Consequently, Ă?ashing usually results

500

LUCI: A facility at DUSEL for large-scale experimental study of geologic carbon sequestration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vertically through unconsolidated porous media, and thewill be filled with unconsolidated quartz sand and brine. A

Peters, C. A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z