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  1. Puerto Rico- Green Energy Fund

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In July 2010, Puerto Rico enacted two important laws aimed at accelerating Puerto Rico's adaptation of renewable energy and to reduce the island's reliance on fossil fuels. This is especially...

  2. ORISE Resources: Puerto Rico Equal Access Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Puerto Rico Equal Access Program: Programa de Igualdad de Acceso para Puerto Rico: Recursos de Informacin del VIHSIDA de la Biblioteca Nacional de Medicina Workbook The Oak...

  3. Other: Universidad de Puerto Rico - Carribean Affordable Solar...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Universidad de Puerto Rico - Carribean Affordable Solar House Citation Details Title: Universidad de Puerto Rico - Carribean Affordable Solar House

  4. Puerto Rico - Renewable Energy Equipment Certification | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    State Puerto Rico Program Type Equipment Certification Summary Certification of Photovoltaic Equipment EAA specifies that PV equipment must meet UL 1703 requirements, and...

  5. Center for Energy and Environmental Research, Puerto Rico, Sites...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Center for Energy and Environmental Research, Puerto Rico, Sites This fact sheet provides information about the Center for Energy and Environmental Research, Puerto Rico, Sites....

  6. Fermilab Today | University of Puerto Rico - Mayaguez Profile

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Puerto Rico - Mayaguez HOME TOWN: Mayaguez, Puerto Rico MASCOT: Tarzan the Bulldog SCHOOL COLOR: Green PARTICLE PHYSICS COLLABORATIONS: CMS COLLABORATING AT FERMILAB SINCE:...

  7. Puerto Rico- Economic Development Incentives for Renewables

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 2008 Economic Incentives for the Development of Puerto Rico Act (EIA) provides a wide array of tax credits and incentives that enable local and foreign companies dedicated to certain business...

  8. Puerto Rico- Solar and Wind Contractor Certification

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In October 2008, the Energy Affairs Administration (EAA) of Puerto Rico adopted regulations for the certification of photovoltaic (PV) systems and installers in response to the passing of Act No....

  9. Puerto Rico- Excise Tax Exemption for Farmers

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In Puerto Rico, "bona fide farmers" are exempted from paying all types of excises for equipment, articles and objects whose operation depend solely on solar, wind, hydro or any other type of power,...

  10. Puerto Rico: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tons NA 2008 EIA Natural Gas Reserves 0 Cubic Meters (cu m) 144 2010 CIA World Factbook Oil Reserves 0 Barrels (bbl) 134 2010 CIA World Factbook Energy Maps featuring Puerto Rico...

  11. Puerto Rico Regions | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    state, county, city, or district. For more information, please visit the Middle School Coach page. Puerto Rico Region Middle School Regional Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Middle School...

  12. Puerto Rico Regions | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    for your school's state, county, city, or district. For more information, please visit the High School Coach page. Puerto Rico Region High School Regional Puerto Rico Puerto Rico...

  13. Puerto Rico- Building Energy Code with Mandatory Solar Water Heating

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2009, the Governor of Puerto Rico provided assurance that Puerto Rico would update its building energy codes as part of the state's application for State Energy Program funds from the American...

  14. University of Puerto Rico (Universidad de Puerto Rico) | OSTI, US Dept of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information Puerto Rico (Universidad de Puerto Rico) Spotlights Home DOE Applauds UPR Science and Technical Programs UPR Mayagüez High Energy Physics Group The High Energy Physics Group is currently working in the experiment Compact Muon Solenoid at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN near Geneva, Switzerland. The group is funded by the U.S. DOE Office of Science. Portico of the Mayaguez Campus The University of Puerto Rico has the largest and most

  15. Photovoltaics on Landfills in Puerto Rico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salasovich, J.; Mosey, G.

    2011-01-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in accordance with the RE-Powering America's Land initiative, selected the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico for a feasibility study of m0treAlables on several brownfield sites. The EPA defines a brownfield as 'a property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.' All of the brownfields in this study are landfill sites. Citizens of Puerto Rico, city planners, and site managers are interested in redevelopment uses for landfills in Puerto Rico, which are particularly well suited for solar photovoltaic (PV) installation. The purpose of this report is to assess the landfills with the highest potential for possible solar PV installation and estimate cost, performance, and site impacts of three different PV options: crystalline silicon (fixed-tilt), crystalline silicon (single-axis tracking), and thin film (fixed-tilt). Each option represents a standalone system that can be sized to use an entire available site area. In addition, the report outlines financing options that could assist in the implementation of a system. The feasibility of PV systems installed on landfills is highly impacted by the available area for an array, solar resource, operating status, landfill cap status, distance to transmission lines, and distance to major roads. All of the landfills in Puerto Rico were screened according to these criteria in order to determine the sites with the greatest potential. Eight landfills were chosen for site visits based on the screening criteria and location. Because of time constraints and the fact that Puerto Rico is a relatively large island, the eight landfills for this visit were all located in the eastern half of the island. The findings from this report can be applied to landfills in the western half of the island. The economics of a potential PV system on landfills in Puerto Rico depend greatly on the cost of electricity. Currently, PREPA has an average electric rate of $0.119/kWh. Based on past electric rate increases in Puerto Rico and other islands in the Caribbean, this rate could increase to $0.15/kWh or higher in a relatively short amount of time. In the coming years, increasing electrical rates and increased necessity for clean power will continue to improve the feasibility of implementing solar PV systems at these sites.

  16. BONUS, Puerto Rico, Decommissioned Reactor Site Fact Sheet

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    information about the Defense Decontamination and Decommissioning Program Boiling Nuclear Superheater (BONUS) reactor located northwest of Rincn, Puerto Rico. The site is...

  17. Puerto Rico Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    projects, from solar power to wind. Through these investments, Puerto Rico's businesses, universities, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and ...

  18. Puerto Rico- Tax Deduction for Solar Energy Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puerto Rico offers a 30% tax deduction (up to $1,500) for expenses incurred in the purchase and installation of solar equipment to heat water for residential use. "Solar equipment" is defined as ...

  19. Puerto Rico- Green Energy Fund Tier I Incentive Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With funding from Puerto Rico's Green Energy Fund, Tier I rebates are available for photovoltaic (PV) and wind systems up to and including 100 kW in capacity on a first-come, first-served basis. ...

  20. Puerto Rico - Search - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Profile Territory Profile and Energy Estimates Change State/Territory Choose a U.S. State or Territory United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon

  1. EIS-0511: Aguirre Offshore GasPort Project, Puerto Rico

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    FERC prepared an EIS with 10 cooperating agencies, including DOE, for the proposed Aguirre Offshore GasPort Project. The proposal would include construction and operation of a marine LNG-receiving facility about 1 mile outside of Jobos Bay, near the towns of Salinas and Guayama, Puerto Rico, and a 4-mile subsea pipeline connecting to the Aguirre Plant in Salinas.

  2. Puerto Rico Farmers Market Cooler, Saving Money

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Buying fruits and vegetables at the Las Piedras farmers market is now more comfortable for the thousands of Puerto Ricans who shop there regularly. And, the reason for that comfort — revamped air conditioning — is costing the city less in energy costs than before.

  3. Lessons Learned from the Puerto Rico Battery Energy Storage System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BOYES, JOHN D.; DE ANA, MINDI FARBER; TORRES, WENCESLANO

    1999-09-01

    The Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) installed a distributed battery energy storage system in 1994 at a substation near San Juan, Puerto Rico. It was patterned after two other large energy storage systems operated by electric utilities in California and Germany. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Storage Systems Program at Sandia National Laboratories has followed the progress of all stages of the project since its inception. It directly supported the critical battery room cooling system design by conducting laboratory thermal testing of a scale model of the battery under simulated operating conditions. The Puerto Rico facility is at present the largest operating battery storage system in the world and is successfully providing frequency control, voltage regulation, and spinning reserve to the Caribbean island. The system further proved its usefulness to the PREPA network in the fall of 1998 in the aftermath of Hurricane Georges. The owner-operator, PREPA, and the architect/engineer, vendors, and contractors learned many valuable lessons during all phases of project development and operation. In documenting these lessons, this report will help PREPA and other utilities in planning to build large energy storage systems.

  4. Puerto Rico- Property Tax Exemption for Solar and Renewable Energy Equipment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puerto Rico provides a property tax exemption for all "solar powered material, equipment or accessory and renewable energy collection, storage, generation, distribution, and application equipment."...

  5. The Absent House: The Ecological House of Puerto Rico

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Vega Alta, PR The Absent House takes advantage of the benevolent climate of the humid tropics of Puerto Rico to play with the ambiguity of interior and exterior spaces. Main spaces include: a kitchenette and master bathroom suite; a guest tower with a bedroom, bathroom, and small library; an open, public pavilion for cooking, dining, and porch activities; a bathroom for visitors; an infrastructure pavilion for electricity and water consumption management; and an organic garden. The Patio of the Sun and the Stars, the most important s

  6. RFA-14-0001- In the Matter of Commonwealth Oil Refining Company, Inc./Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On July 29, 2014, OHA approved a distribution plan submitted by the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico) to use approximately $1.2 million of petroleum overcharge funds held in escrow by the...

  7. Puerto Rico`s EcoElectrica LNG/power project marks a project financing first

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lammers, R.; Taylor, S.

    1998-02-23

    On Dec. 15, 1997, Enron International and Kenetech Energy Services achieved financial close on the $670 million EcoElectrica liquefied natural gas terminal and cogeneration project proposed for Puerto Rico. The project involves construction of a liquefied natural gas terminal, cogeneration plant, and desalination unit on the southern coast of Puerto Rico, in the Penuelas/Guayanilla area. EcoElectrica will include a 500-mw, combined-cycle cogeneration power plant fueled mainly by LNG imported from the 400 MMcfd Atlantic LNG project on the island of Trinidad. Achieving financial close on a project of this size is always a time-consuming matter and one with a number of challenges. These challenges were increased by the unique nature of both the project and its financing--no project financing had ever before been completed that combined an LNG terminal and power plant. The paper discusses the project, financing details and challenges, key investment considerations, and integrated project prospects.

  8. Viva Energía! Energy Department Partners with the University of Puerto Rico

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As one of the leading research institutions in Puerto Rico, the University of Puerto Rico has the largest and most diverse academic offerings on the Carribean island. And now -- thanks to funding from the Recovery Act -- the university is undertaking several energy conservation and renewable energy projects that will reduce the school's energy costs by $230,000 a year.

  9. WINDExchange: Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands 50-Meter Wind Resource

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    Map Maps & Data Printable Version Bookmark and Share Land-Based Utility-Scale Maps Potential Capacity Maps Offshore Wind Maps Community-Scale Maps Residential-Scale Maps Installed Capacity Maps Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands 50-Meter Wind Resource Map Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands wind resource map. Click on the image to view a larger version. Enlarge image This Puerto Rico wind map and the U.S. Virgin Islands wind map shows the wind resource at 50 meters. Download a printable

  10. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Puerto Rico (Fact Sheet); NREL(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico - a U.S. territory located about 60 miles east of the Dominican Republic and directly west of the U.S. Virgin Islands.

  11. Puerto Rico State Briefing Book for low-level radioactive waste management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-10-01

    The Puerto Rico State Briefing Book is one of a series of state briefing books on low-level radioactive waste management practices. It has been prepared to assist state and federal agency officials in planning for safe low-level radioactive waste disposal. The report contains a profile of low-level radioactive waste generators in Puerto Rico. The profile is the result of a survey of NRC licensees in Puerto Rico. The briefing book also contains a comprehensive assessment of low-level radioactive waste management issues and concerns as defined by all major interested parties including industry, government, the media, and interest groups. The assessment was developed through personal communications with representatives of interested parties, and through a review of media sources. Lastly, the briefing book provides demographic and socioeconomic data and a discussion of relevant government agencies and activities, all of which may impact waste management practices in Puerto Rico.

  12. Puerto Rico- Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Green Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puerto Rican law exempts from the sales and use tax solar electric equipment, associated accessories, and components used to produce electrical energy. Distributors or manufacturers must submit a...

  13. Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands Wind Resource Map at 50 meters

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % 19-JUN-2007 1.1.1 U.S. Department of Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands - 50 m Wind Power Mayaguez 20 0 20 40 60 80 100 Kilometers 20 0 20 40 60 Miles Ponce San Juan Charlotte Amalie Cruz Bay PUERTO RICO VIRGIN ISLANDS Wind Power Class 1 2 3 4 5 Resource Potential Poor Marginal Fair Good Excellent Wind Power Density at 50 m W/m 0 - 200 200 - 300 300 - 400 400 - 500 500 - 600 2 Wind Speed at 50 m m/s 0.0 - 5.9

  14. Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salasovich, J.; Mosey, G.

    2011-03-01

    This report presents the results of an assessment of the technical and economic feasibility of deploying a photovoltaics (PV) system on brownfield sites in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. All of the assessed sites are landfills. The sites were assessed for possible PV installations. The cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options were estimated. The economics of the potential systems were analyzed using an electric rate of $0.119/kWh and incentives offered by Puerto Rico and by the serving utility, PREPA. According to the site production calculations, the most cost-effective system in terms of return on investment is the thin-film fixed-tilt technology. The report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of such a system.

  15. Feasibility Study of Solar Photovoltaics on Landfills in Puerto Rico (Second Study)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salasovich, J.; Mosey, G.

    2011-08-01

    This report presents the results of an assessment of the technical and economic feasibility of deploying a solar photovoltaics (PV) system on landfill sites in Puerto Rico. The purpose of this report is to assess the landfills with the highest potential for possible solar PV installation and estimate cost, performance, and site impacts of three different PV options: crystalline silicon (fixed tilt), crystalline silicon (single-axis tracking), and thin film (fixed tilt). The report outlines financing options that could assist in the implementation of a system. According to the site production calculations, the most cost-effective system in terms of return on investment is the thin-film fixed-tilt technology. The report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of such a system. The landfills and sites considered in this report were all determined feasible areas in which to implement solar PV systems.

  16. Methane flux from mangrove sediments along the southwestern coast of Puerto Rico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sotomayor, D.; Corredor, J.E.; Morell, J.M. )

    1994-03-01

    Although the sediments of coastal marine mangrove forests have been considered a minor source of atmospheric methane, these estimate have been based on sparse data from similar areas. We have gathered evidence that shows that external nutrient and freshwater loading in mangrove sediments may have a significant effect on methane flux. Experiments were performed to examine methane fluxes from anaerobic sediments in a mangrove forest subjected to secondary sewage effluents on the southwestern coast of Puerto Rico. Emission rates were measured in situ using a static chamber technique, and subsequent laboratory analysis of samples was by gas chromatography using a flame ionization detector. Results indicate that methane flux rates were lowest at the landward fringe nearest to the effluent discharge, higher in the seaward fringe occupied by red mangroves, and highest in the transition zone between black and red mangrove communities, with average values of 4 mg CH[sub 4] m[sup [minus]2] d[sup [minus]1], 42 mg CH[sub 4] m[sup [minus]2] d[sup [minus]1], and 82 mg CH[sub 4] m[sup [minus]2] d[sup [minus]1], respectively. Overall mean values show these sediments may emit as much as 40 times more methane than unimpacted pristine areas. Pneumatophores of Aviciennia germinans have been found to serve as conduits to the atmosphere for this gas. Fluctuating water level overlying the mangrove sediment is an important environmental factor controlling seasonal and interannual CH[sub 4] flux variations. Environmental controls such as freshwater inputs and increased nutrient loading influence in situ methane emissions from these environments. 34 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

  17. Probing the deep critical zone beneath the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buss, Heather; Brantley, S. L.; Scatena, Fred; Bazilevskaya, Ekaterina; Blum, Alex; Schulz, M; Jimenez, M; White, Art; Rother, Gernot; Cole, David

    2013-01-01

    Recent work has suggested that weathering processes occurring in the subsurface produce the majority of silicate weathering products discharged to the world s oceans, thereby exerting a primary control on global temperature via the well-known positive feedback between silicate weathering and CO2. In addition, chemical and physical weathering processes deep within the critical zone create aquifers and control groundwater chemistry, watershed geometry and regolith formation rates. Despite this, most weathering studies are restricted to the shallow critical zone (e.g., soils, outcrops). Here we investigate the chemical weathering, fracturing and geomorphology of the deep critical zone in the Bisley watershed in the Luquillo Critical Zone Observatory, Puerto Rico, from two boreholes drilled to 37.2 and 27.0 m depth, from which continuous core samples were taken. Corestones exposed aboveground were also sampled. Weathered rinds developed on exposed corestones and along fracture surfaces on subsurface rocks slough off of exposed corestones once rinds attain a thickness up to ~1 cm, preventing the corestones from rounding due to diffusion limitation. Such corestones at the land surface are assumed to be what remains after exhumation of similar, fractured bedrock pieces that were observed in the drilled cores between thick layers of regolith. Some of these subsurface corestones are massive and others are highly fractured, whereas aboveground corestones are generally massive with little to no apparent fracturing. Subsurface corestones are larger and less fractured in the borehole drilled on a road where it crosses a ridge compared to the borehole drilled where the road crosses the stream channel. Both borehole profiles indicate that the weathering zone extends to well below the stream channel in this upland catchment; hence weathering depth is not controlled by the stream level within the catchment and not all of the water in the watershed is discharged to the stream.

  18. Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Energy Affairs Administration … Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Funds Provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Energy Affairs Administration - Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Funds Provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 OAS-RA-13-27 July 2013 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 July 15, 2013 MEMORANDUM FOR THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY, ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY FROM: Rickey R. Hass Deputy Inspector General for Audits and Inspections Office of Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Examination Report on

  19. New Brunswick: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Review and Approval Processes (New Brunswick, Canada) Renewable Portfolio Standard (New Brunswick, Canada) Technology Adoption and Commercialization Program (New Brunswick,...

  20. New Brunswick Laboratory | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New Brunswick Laboratory New Brunswick Laboratory New Brunswick Laboratory BLDG 350 | Photo courtesy of Michael Kappel, August 29, 2009 New Brunswick Laboratory BLDG 350 | Photo ...

  1. Puerto Rico- Interconnection Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Customer-generators seeking to interconnect first submit a standardized "Evaluation Request" to PREPA to determine whether or not the system will qualify for the "Simple Interconnection Process...

  2. Hawaii and Puerto Rico

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Hawaii a nd P uerto R ico Climate C hange a nd t he U .S. E nergy S ector: Regional v ulnerabilities a nd r esilience s olutions Summary i n B rief Hawaii a nd P uerto R ico a re t he l argest U .S. i slands i n p opulation, size, a nd e nergy c onsumption. T hese i slands a re i solated f rom larger m ainland e nergy s upply n etworks, i ncluding p ipelines, railroads, a nd t ransmission g rids. B oth a re l ocated i n t ropical climates-Hawaii i n t he P acific O cean a nd P uerto R ico i n t

  3. New Brunswick: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Purchase Program (New Brunswick, Canada) Net Metering (New Brunswick, Canada) Oil and Gas Environmental Review and Approval Processes (New Brunswick, Canada) Renewable Portfolio...

  4. Results of in-situ biofouling control, and corrosion test at Punta Tuna, Puerto Rico and its significance on OTEC heater exchanger design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sasscer, D.S.; Morgan, T.O.; Tosteson, T.R.

    1983-06-01

    Because Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) operates at a low thermodynamic efficiency, heat exchangers represent a major portion of the overall cost of an OTEC power plant. For this reason, the commercial viability of OTEC depends on the design of efficient and inexpensive heat exchangers which have an operational life expectancy of 20 to 30 years and which can be maintained at a high level of efficiency by the use of effective biofouling control. Summarized here are the results of experiments conducted by the Center for Energy and Environment Research of the University of Puerto Rico to: determine the nature of the biofilm which develops on heat exchanger surfaces exposed to running seawater, test the effectiveness of brush cleaning and chlorination in controlling biofouling on these surfaces and study the corrosion behavior of zinc protected aluminum alloys under OTEC conditions in an attempt to qualify them for use in low cost OTEC heat exchangers.

  5. Slide 1 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Puerto Rico

  6. EA-345-A New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corporation | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    -A New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corporation EA-345-A New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corporation Order authorizing New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp to export electric energy to ...

  7. EA-345 New Brunswick Power Generation Corporation | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New Brunswick Power Generation Corporation EA-345 New Brunswick Power Generation Corporation Order authorizing New Brunswick Power Generation Corporation to export electric energy ...

  8. Brunswick Electric Member Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brunswick Electric Member Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Brunswick Electric Member Corp Place: North Carolina Phone Number: 1-800-682-5309 Website: www.bemc.org Outage...

  9. Brunswick, Maine: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County, Maine.1 Registered Energy Companies in Brunswick, Maine Independence Wind LLC Raven Technology References US Census Bureau Incorporated place and minor civil division...

  10. Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for New Brunswick Laboratory Certified Reference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials (CRM) | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC) Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for New Brunswick Laboratory Certified Reference Materials (CRM) New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Training NEPA Documents News Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for New Brunswick Laboratory Certified Reference Materials (CRM) Contact Information New Brunswick Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy Building 350 9800 South Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439-4899 P: (630)

  11. 2013 Annual Planning Summary for the New Brunswick Laboratory | Department

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of Energy New Brunswick Laboratory 2013 Annual Planning Summary for the New Brunswick Laboratory The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2013 and 2014 within the New Brunswick Laboratory. The New Brunswick Laboratory's APS was consolidated within the Office of Science's APS available here. More Documents & Publications 2013 Annual Planning Summary for the Pacific Northwest Site Office 2013 Annual Planning Summary for the Thomas

  12. Puerto Rico State Historic Preservation Programmatic Agreement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fully executed programmatic agreement between DOE, State Energy Office and State Historic Preservation Office.

  13. El Verde, Puerto Rico, Site Fact Sheet

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    support for research projects throughout the 1970s and 1980s. In 1988, the National Science Foundation established the Luquillo Long-Term Ecological Research Program, and El...

  14. Recipient: [Puerto Rico Energy Affairs Administration

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... of this report are: Efran O'Neill-Carrillo, Armando Figueroa, Agustn Irizarry, Israel Ramrez, Eduardo Ortiz, Luis de Jesus, Vivian Rodrguez, Ezequiel Vassallo, ...

  15. Recovery Act State Memos Puerto Rico

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    energy tax credits and grants: 4 For total Recovery Act ... broad range of clean energy projects, from solar power to wind. ... efficient, expanding the home efficiency industry in ...

  16. Puerto Rico - Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2035. Green energy resources fall into two categories. The first category is "Sustainable Renewable Energy" which includes solar, wind, geothermal, renewable biomass, qualified...

  17. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-345-A New Brunswick

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Marketing Corp. | Department of Energy Corp. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-345-A New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp. Application from New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp. to export electric energy to Canada. PDF icon EA-345-A New Brunswick EMC (CN).pdf More Documents & Publications EA-345-A New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corporation EA-345 New Brunswick Power Generation Corporation Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-345-A New Brunswick

  18. Brunswick Station, Maine: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brunswick Station, Maine: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.89624, -69.931446 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapping...

  19. New Brunswick Laboratory progress report, October 1991--September 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bingham, C.D.

    1993-02-01

    The mission of the New Brunswick Laboratory of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Is to provide and maintain a nuclear material measurements and standards laboratory as a technical response to DOE's statutory responsibility to assure the safeguarding of nuclear materials. This report summarizes the mission-fulfilling activities of the New Brunswick Laboratory for the period of October 1991 through September 1992.

  20. New Brunswick Laboratory progress report, October 1990--September 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-03-01

    The mission of the New Brunswick Laboratory of the US Department of Energy (DOE) is to provide and maintain a nuclear material measurements and standards laboratory as a technical response to DOE's statutory responsibility to assure the safeguarding of nuclear materials. This report summarizes the mission-fulfilling activities of the New Brunswick Laboratory for the period of October 1990 through September 1991.

  1. Enterprise Assessments Operational Awareness Record, Argonne National Laboratory and New Brunswick Laboratory- March 2015

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Operational Awareness Record for Oversight of Argonne National Laboratory and New Brunswick Laboratory

  2. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- New Brunswick NJ Site -...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    FACT SHEET This fact sheet provides information about the New Brunswick, New Jersey, Site. This site is managed by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. Aerial ...

  3. New Brunswick Laboratory progress report, October 1992--September 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-01

    The mission of the New Brunswick Laboratory of the US Department of Energy (DOE) is to provide and maintain a nuclear material measurements and standards laboratory as a technical response to DOE`s statutory responsibility to assure the safeguarding of nuclear materials. This report summarizes the mission-fulfilling activities of the New Brunswick Laboratory for the period of October 1992 through September 1993.

  4. New Brunswick Laboratory progress report, October 1990--September 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-03-01

    The mission of the New Brunswick Laboratory of the US Department of Energy (DOE) is to provide and maintain a nuclear material measurements and standards laboratory as a technical response to DOE`s statutory responsibility to assure the safeguarding of nuclear materials. This report summarizes the mission-fulfilling activities of the New Brunswick Laboratory for the period of October 1990 through September 1991.

  5. New Brunswick Laboratory progress report, October 1991--September 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bingham, C.D.

    1993-02-01

    The mission of the New Brunswick Laboratory of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Is to provide and maintain a nuclear material measurements and standards laboratory as a technical response to DOE`s statutory responsibility to assure the safeguarding of nuclear materials. This report summarizes the mission-fulfilling activities of the New Brunswick Laboratory for the period of October 1991 through September 1992.

  6. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-345-A New Brunswick

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Marketing Corp: Comment from Jean Public | Department of Energy Comment from Jean Public Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-345-A New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp: Comment from Jean Public Application from New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp to export electric energy to Canada. PDF icon Comment for EA-345-A New Brunswick EMC.pdf More Documents & Publications EA-345-A New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corporation Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket

  7. New Brunswick Laboratory: Progress report, October 1993 through September 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-03-01

    The mission of the New Brunswick Laboratory of the US Department of Energy (DOE) is to serve as the National Certifying Authority for nuclear reference materials and to provide an independent Federal technical staff and laboratory resource performing nuclear material measurement, safeguards and non-proliferation functions in support of multiple program sponsors. During FY 94 New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) completed development of a Strategic Plan which will aid in better defining performance oriented laboratory goals and objectives in each functional area consistent with the changing needs of the global nuclear community. This annual report describes accomplishments achieved in carrying out NBL`s assigned missions. Details of completed projects are reported in separate topical reports or as open-literature publications. Programs discussed here are: (1) safeguards assistance; (2) reference materials program; (3) measurement evaluation; (4) measurement services; and (5) measurement development.

  8. New Brunswick Laboratory progress report, October 1994--September 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-03-01

    The mission of the New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) of the A. S. Department of Energy (DOE) is to serve as the National Certifying Authority for nuclear reference materials and to provide an independent Federal technical staff and laboratory resource performing nuclear material measurement, safeguards, and non-proliferation functions in support of multiple program sponsors. This annual report describes accomplishments achieved in carrying out NBL`s assigned missions.

  9. New Brunswick Laboratory EA / EIS | U.S. DOE Office of Science...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Environmental Assessments (EA) Environmental Impact Statements (EIS) New Brunswick Laboratory EA EIS Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page No NBL Environmental Assessments ...

  10. PROGRAMA DE IGUALDAD DE ACCESO PARA PUERTO RICO: Recursos de...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    registro del usuario, una cuota de suscripcin, o algn otro tipo de cuota para tener acceso a artculos en texto completo. Importar Citaciones a un Programa de...

  11. Strategic Energy Management Plan For Fort Buchanan, Puerto Rico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Steven A.; Hunt, W. D.

    2001-10-31

    This document reports findings and recommendations as a result of a design assistance project with Fort Buchanan with the goals of developing a Strategic Energy Management Plan for the Site. A strategy has been developed with three major elements in mind: 1) development of a strong foundation from which to build, 2) understanding technologies that are available, and 3) exploring financing options to fund the implementation of improvements. The objective of this report is to outline a strategy that can be used by Fort Buchanan to further establish an effective energy management program. Once a strategy is accepted, the next step is to take action. Some of the strategies defined in this Plan may be implemented directly. Other strategies may require the development of a more sophisticated tactical, or operational, plan to detail a roadmap that will lead to successful realization of the goal. Similarly, some strategies are not single events. Rather, some strategies will require continuous efforts to maintain diligence or to change the culture of the Base occupants and their efforts to conserve energy resources.

  12. Puerto Rico- Green Energy Fund Tier II Incentive Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NOTE: There is one application period per quarter. Applications must be submitted by the fifth day of each quarter (July 5, October 5, January 5, and April 5).  Incentives are expected to be...

  13. Universidad del Turabo (Puerto Rico) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Marketing and Spanish; Joseph Miscioscia, Computer Science Engineering; Carlos Lopez Morales, Industrial Engineering; Patrick Nicodemus, Electrical Engineering; Chee Hau ...

  14. New Brunswick Laboratory. Progress report, October 1995--September 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-04-01

    Fiscal year (FY) 1996 was a very good year for New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL), whose major sponsor is the Office of Safeguards and Security (NN-51) in the US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nonproliferation and National Security, Office of Security Affairs. Several projects pertinent to the NBL mission were completed, and NBL`s interactions with partners and customers were encouraging. Among the partners with which NBL interacted in this report period were the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), NN-51. Environmental Program Group of the DOE Chicago Operations Office, International Safeguards Project Office, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), Ukraine Working Group, Fissile Materials Assurance Working Group, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) in Belgium, Brazilian/Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC), Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company, and other DOE facilities and laboratories. NBL staff publications, participation in safeguards assistance and other nuclear programs, development of new reference materials, involvement in the updating and refinement of DOE documents, service in enhancing the science education of others, and other related activities enhanced NBL`s status among DOE laboratories and facilities. Noteworthy are the facts that NBL`s small inventory of nuclear materials is accurately accounted for, and, as in past years, its materials and human resources were used in peaceful nuclear activities worldwide.

  15. New Brunswick Laboratory progress report, October 1989--September 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-03-01

    The New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) has been tasked by the DOE Office of Safeguards and Security, Defense Programs (OSS/DP) to assure the application of accurate and reliable measurement technology for the safeguarding of special nuclear materials. NBL is fulfilling its mission responsibilities by identifying the measurement and measurement-related needs of the nuclear material safeguards community and addressing them by means of activities in the following program areas: (1) reference and calibration materials, (2) measurement development, (3) measurement services, (4) measurement evaluation, (5) safeguards assessment, and (6) site-specific assistance. Highlights of each of these program areas are provided in this summary. This progress report is written as a part of NBL's technology transfer responsibilities, primarily for the use and benefit of the scientific personnel that perform safeguards-related measurements. Consequently, the report is technical in nature. Many of the reports of multi-year projects are fragmentary in that only partial results are reported. Separate topical reports are to be issued at the completion of many of these projects. 30 refs.

  16. The New Brunswick Laboratory Safeguards Measurement Evaluation Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cacic, C.G.; Trahey, N.M.; Zook, A.C.

    1987-07-01

    The New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) has been tasked by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Safeguards and Security (OSS) to assess and evaluate the adequacy of measurement technology as applied to materials accounting in DOE nuclear facilities. The Safeguards Measurement Evaluation (SME) Program was developed as a means to monitor and evaluate the quality and effectiveness of accounting measurements by site, material balance area (MBA), or unit process. Phase I of the SME Program, initiated during 1985, involved evaluation of the primary accountability measurement methods at six DOE Defense Programs facilities: Savannah River Plant, Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Y-12 Plant, Rocky Flats Plant, Rockwell Hanford Operations, and NBL. Samples of uranyl nitrate solution, dried plutonium nitrates, and plutonium oxides were shipped to the participants for assay and isotopic abundance measurements. Resulting data are presented and evaluated as indicators of current state-of-the-practice accountability measurement methodology, deficiencies in materials accounting practices, and areas for possible assistance in upgrading measurement capabilities. Continuing expansion of the SME Program to include materials which are representative of specific accountability measurement points within the DOE complex is discussed.

  17. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-345-A New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp: Federal Register Notice, Volume 78, No. 208- Oct. 28, 2013

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Application from New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp to export electric energy to Canada.  Federal Register Notice.

  18. Automation of the New Brunswick Laboratory controlled-potential coulometric method for plutonium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, W.G.; Troutman, D.; Lewis, K.

    1988-11-01

    The development and evolution of the automated coulometric analysis of plutonium at the New Brunswick Laboratory is described. The importance of maintaining electrical calibration of the analysis so that the results are traceable to the Faraday is discussed. The innovations which were necessary to achieve the desired accuracy and precision are explained. The experimental tests to qualify the instruments for use in sample analysis at New Brunswick Laboratory are detailed. Details of the calculations performed by the automated coulometer system are given in the Appendix. 21 refs., 16 figs., 4 tabs.

  19. (Mission activities of New Brunswick Laboratory). Progress report, October 1983-September 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-04-01

    This report summarizes the mission activities of the New Brunswick Laboratory to provide and maintain a nuclear material standards and measurement laboratory in support of Federal programmatic responsibilities to assure the application of accurate and reliable measurement technology for the safeguarding of special nuclear materials. 20 refs., 6 figs., 28 tabs.

  20. (New Brunswick Laboratory): Progress report for the period October 1985 through September 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-03-01

    This report summarizes the mission activities of the New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) of the US Department of Energy (DOE). NBL's mission is to provide and maintain a nuclear material measurements and standards laboratory as a technical response to DOE's statutory responsibility to assure the safeguarding of nuclear materials.

  1. New Brunswick Laboratory progress report for the period October 1988--September 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-04-01

    The mission of the New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) of the US Department of Energy (DOE) is to provide and maintain a nuclear material measurements and standards laboratory as a technical response to DOE's statutory responsibility to assure the safeguarding of nuclear materials. This report summarizes the mission-fulfilling activities of NBL for the period October 1988 through September 1989.

  2. (New Brunswick Laboratory): Progress report for the period October 1986 through September 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-03-01

    This report summarizes the mission activities of the New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) of the US Department of Energy (DOE). NBL's mission is to provide and maintain a nuclear material measurements and standards laboratory as a technical response to DOE's statutory responsibility to assure the safeguarding of nuclear materials.

  3. Role of the statistician in the decommissioning of the New Brunswick Laboratory and other nuclear facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilbert, R.O.

    1980-12-01

    This report examines what the statistician can contribute to decommissioning operations, with particular emphasis on the New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) currently scheduled for decommissioning beginning in FY81. In the opinion of the author, a professional statistician should be a full member of the planning team directing decommissioning operations at the New Brunswick Laboratory. This opinion is based in part on the familiarity with the valuable contributions made by statisticians toward the cleanup of transuranics in soil on the Enewetak Atoll. More generally, however, the professional statistician can help plan the decommissioning effort to help ensure that representative data are obtained, analyzed and, interpreted in appropriate ways so that RA decisions can be made with the required confidence. The statistician's contributions at the NBL could include providing guidance on the number and location of samples and in-situ measurements, analyzing and interpreting these data, designing a data management and documentation system, interfacing with the certification contractor's statistician, and assisting in writing documentation and final reports. In all cases, the statistician should work closely with the professional health physicist and others on the planning team in a closely coordinated effort of planning and data analysis.

  4. Tapping Solar for Hot Water and Cheaper Bills for Puerto Rico...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Angel Rivera Berrios, a retired police officer living in San Juan is one of them. He and his wife, a retired school teacher, live in a one story, concrete house. They received two ...

  5. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Puerto Rico- Building Energy Code with Mandatory Solar Water Heating In 2009, the Governor of Puerto Rico provided assurance that Puerto Rico would update its building energy codes...

  6. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Puerto Rico- Green Energy Fund In July 2010, Puerto Rico enacted two important laws aimed at accelerating Puerto Rico's adaptation of renewable energy and to reduce the island's...

  7. Development of site-specific soil cleanup criteria: New Brunswick Laboratory, New Jersey site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veluri, V.R.; Moe, H.J.; Robinet, M.J.; Wynveen, R.A.

    1983-03-01

    The potential human exposure which results from the residual soil radioactivity at a decommissioned site is a prime concern during D and D projects. To estimate this exposure, a pathway analysis approach is often used to arrive at the residual soil radioactivity criteria. The development of such a criteria for the decommissioning of the New Brunswick Laboratory, New Jersey site is discussed. Contamination on this site was spotty and located in small soil pockets spread throughout the site area. Less than 1% of the relevant site area was contaminated. The major contaminants encountered at the site were /sup 239/Pu, /sup 241/Am, normal and natural uranium, and natural thorium. During the development of the pathway analysis to determine the site cleanup criteria, corrections for the inhomogeneity of the contamination were made. These correction factors and their effect upon the relevant pathway parameters are presented. Major pathways by which radioactive material may reach an individual are identified and patterns of use are specified (scenario). Each pathway is modeled to estimate the transfer parameters along the given pathway, such as soil to air to man, etc. The transfer parameters are then combined with dose rate conversion factors (ICRP 30 methodology) to obtain soil concentration to dose rate conversion factors (pCi/g/mrem/yr). For an appropriate choice of annual dose equivalent rate, one can then arrive at a value for the residual soil concentration. Pathway modeling, transfer parameters, and dose rate factors for the three major pathways; inhalation, ingestion and external exposure, which are important for the NBL site, are discussed.

  8. An Integrated RFID and Barcode Tagged Item Inventory System for Deployment at New Brunswick Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Younkin, James R; Kuhn, Michael J; Gradle, Colleen; Preston, Lynne; Thomas, Brigham B.; Laymance, Leesa K; Kuziel, Ron

    2012-01-01

    New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) has a numerous inventory containing thousands of plutonium and uranium certified reference materials. The current manual inventory process is well established but is a lengthy process which requires significant oversight and double checking to ensure correctness. Oak Ridge National Laboratory has worked with NBL to develop and deploy a new inventory system which utilizes handheld computers with barcode scanners and radio frequency identification (RFID) readers termed the Tagged Item Inventory System (TIIS). Certified reference materials are identified by labels which incorporate RFID tags and barcodes. The label printing process and RFID tag association process are integrated into the main desktop software application. Software on the handheld computers syncs with software on designated desktop machines and the NBL inventory database to provide a seamless inventory process. This process includes: 1) identifying items to be inventoried, 2) downloading the current inventory information to the handheld computer, 3) using the handheld to read item and location labels, and 4) syncing the handheld computer with a designated desktop machine to analyze the results, print reports, etc. The security of this inventory software has been a major concern. Designated roles linked to authenticated logins are used to control access to the desktop software while password protection and badge verification are used to control access to the handheld computers. The overall system design and deployment at NBL will be presented. The performance of the system will also be discussed with respect to a small piece of the overall inventory. Future work includes performing a full inventory at NBL with the Tagged Item Inventory System and comparing performance, cost, and radiation exposures to the current manual inventory process.

  9. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory January 2015

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Drexel University Pennsylvania State University University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia University of Pittsburgh Puerto Rico University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez Rhode...

  10. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory August 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Drexel University Pennsylvania State University University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Puerto Rico University of Puerto Rico,...

  11. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory FY 2008

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Puerto Rico University of Puerto Rico,...

  12. Benthic foraminifera of Puerto Rican mangrove-lagoon systems: Potential for paleoenvironmental interpretations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Culver, S.J. )

    1990-02-01

    Recent foraminiferal assemblages from four traverses across mangrove-lagoonal environments off Puerto Rico exhibit patterns of distribution that should be useful in paleoenvironmental interpretations. Variations in sediment substrate type, abundance and distribution of marine vegetation, and degree of exposure to wave and current activity appear to be important factors related to foraminiferal distributions and abundances. Cluster analysis of foraminiferal abundance data distinguishes four major assemblages. Other generally recognizable trends in foraminiferal assemblages include: offshore increase in species diversity; offshore increase in percent miliolids while percent rotaliids remain more or less constant; small peaks in percent textulariids immediately adjacent to mangrove growth; almost 100% agglutinated assemblages in fully mangrove environments; offshore increase in foraminiferal number except in areas of abundant Halimeda plate production where numbers of foraminifera are diluted; restriction of high abundances of Fissurina, Nonionella, Fursenkoina and Helenina to lagoons behind mangrove islands; restrictions of high abundances of Rosalina, Cibicides, Discorbis, Spiroloculina, Cyclogyra, Quinqueloculina, Amphistegina, Peneroplis and Archaias to lagoons seaward of mangrove islands. These trends provide a micropaleontological link between a potential petroleum source, mangrove swamps, and the potential petroleum reservoir, reef rocks.

  13. Using Net-Zero Energy Projects to Enable Sustainable Economic Redevelopment at the Former Brunswick Air Naval Base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huffman, S.

    2011-10-01

    A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites. The Brunswick Naval Air Station is a naval air facility and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Super Fund site that is being cleaned up, and closed down. The objective of this report is not only to look at the economics of individual renewable energy technologies, but also to look at the systemic benefits that can be gained when cost-effective renewable energy technologies are integrated with other systems and businesses in a community; thus multiplying the total monetary, employment, and quality-of-life benefits they can provide to a community.

  14. Obama-Biden Administration Announces Nearly $86 Million in Weatherization Funding and Energy Efficiency Grants for Puerto Rico

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Part of nearly $8 billion in Recovery Act funding for energy efficiency efforts nationwide that will create 100,000 jobs and cut energy bills for families

  15. The effect of ion-exchange purification on the determination of plutonium at the New Brunswick Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, W.G.; Spaletto, M.I.; Lewis, K.; Soriano, M.D.; Smith, M.W.

    1990-07-01

    The method of plutonium (Pu) determination at the Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) consists of a combination of ion-exchange purification followed by controlled-potential coulometric analysis (IE/CPC). The present report's purpose is to quantify any detectable Pu loss occurring in the ion-exchange (IE) purification step which would cause a negative bias in the NBL method for Pu analysis. The magnitude of any such loss would be contained within the reproducibility (0.05%) of the IE/CPC method which utilizes a state-of-the-art autocoulometer developed at NBL. When the NBL IE/CPC method is used for Pu analysis, any loss in ion-exchange purification (<0.05%) is confounded with the repeatability of the ion-exchange and the precision of the CPC analysis technique (<0.05%). Consequently, to detect a bias in the IE/CPC method due to the IE alone using the IE/CPC method itself requires that many randomized analyses on a single material be performed over time and that statistical analysis of the data be performed. The initial approach described in this report to quantify any IE loss was an independent method, Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry; however, the number of analyses performed was insufficient to assign a statistically significant value to the IE loss (<0.02% of 10 mg samples of Pu). The second method used for quantifying any IE loss of Pu was multiple ion exchanges of the same Pu aliquant; the small number of analyses possible per individual IE together with the column-to-column variability over multiple ion exchanges prevented statistical detection of any loss of <0.05%. 12 refs.

  16. Grand Junction/New Brunswick Laboratory interlaboratory measurement program. Part I. Evaluation. Part II. Methods manual. [National Uranium Resources Evaluation (NURE)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trahey, N.M.; Voeks, A.M.; Soriano, M.D.

    1982-09-01

    This interlaboratory measurement program was conducted to provide a reference data base for comparison of measurements performed using various measurement methods under the National Uranium Resources Evaluation (NURE) Program. The design of the program also included an evaluation of the accuracies of the measurement methods used by the participating laboratories in measuring New Brunswick Laboratory Reference Materials (RMs) 101-A through 110-A, the low level uranium and thorium samples distributed in the program. Finally, consensus values for these RMs, based on participants measurement data, were calculated.

  17. New Brunswick Laboratory Jobs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Department of Energy Bedford Builds Foundation for Energy-Centric Economic Development New Bedford Builds Foundation for Energy-Centric Economic Development August 25, 2014 - 2:51pm Addthis Pictured here is one of the solar arrays that is providing New Bedford with clean, renewable energy to power its municipally owned buildings. This ground-mounted solar array is built on a brownfield site. | Photo courtesy of Con Edison Solutions. Pictured here is one of the solar arrays that is providing

  18. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Biodiesel Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Rio Rico Fire District Turns Grease Into Biodiesel on Delicious Rank

  19. Pevafersa America | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pevafersa America Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pevafersa-America Place: Puerto Rico Product: Puerto Rico-based assembler of PV panels. References: Pevafersa-America1 This...

  20. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Puerto Rico- Property Tax Exemption for Solar and Renewable Energy Equipment Puerto Rico provides a property tax exemption for all "solar powered material, equipment or accessory...

  1. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bonus

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Puerto Rico Boiling Nuclear Superheater (BONUS), Puerto Rico, Decommissioned Reactor Site Key Documents and Links All documents are Adobe Acrobat files. pdficon Key Documents Fact...

  2. EA-1394: Final Environmental Assessment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Authorizing the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) to allow Public Access to the Boiling Nuclear Superheat (BONUS) Reactor Building, Ricon, Puerto Rico

  3. Eco Alternative Energy Solutions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solutions Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eco Alternative Energy Solutions Place: Puerto Rico Product: Puerto Rico-based majority owner of joint venture Pevafersa America, which...

  4. Final Report - Streamlined and Standardized Permitting and Interconnection

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Processes for Rooftop PV in Puerto Rico | Department of Energy Streamlined and Standardized Permitting and Interconnection Processes for Rooftop PV in Puerto Rico Final Report - Streamlined and Standardized Permitting and Interconnection Processes for Rooftop PV in Puerto Rico Awardee: Puerto Rico Energy Affairs Administration Location: San Juan, Puerto Rico Subprogram: Soft Costs Funding Program: Rooftop Solar Challenge 1 The plan to transform the rooftop photovoltaic (PV) market in Puerto

  5. Final Surplus Plutonium Disposition Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Processes for Rooftop PV in Puerto Rico | Department of Energy Streamlined and Standardized Permitting and Interconnection Processes for Rooftop PV in Puerto Rico Final Report - Streamlined and Standardized Permitting and Interconnection Processes for Rooftop PV in Puerto Rico Awardee: Puerto Rico Energy Affairs Administration Location: San Juan, Puerto Rico Subprogram: Soft Costs Funding Program: Rooftop Solar Challenge 1 The plan to transform the rooftop photovoltaic (PV) market in Puerto

  6. PROGRAMA DE IGUALDAD DE ACCESO PARA PUERTO RICO: Recursos de Información del VIH/SIDA de la National Library of Medicine

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Para buscar una publicación, use Journals Database (una base de datos de publicaciones)--y le permitirá buscar por el tema, título/abreviación de la publicación, el número ISSN, o buscar usando términos del tema  Para formar una estrategia con términos de MeSH, use la base de datos MeSH Database- -el vocabulario Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) es controlado por la NLM y proporciona una forma consistente de recuperar información que por lo contrario pueden tener diferentes términos

  7. North Carolina Nuclear Profile - Brunswick

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    expiration date" 1,938,"6,808",82.9,"BWR","applicationvnd.ms-excel","applicationvnd.ms-excel" 2,920,"8,000",99.3,"BWR","applicationvnd.ms-excel","application...

  8. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Puerto Rico- Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Green Energy Puerto Rican law exempts from the sales and use tax solar electric equipment, associated accessories, and components used...

  9. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    not identified, Anaerobic Digestion Puerto Rico- Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Green Energy Puerto Rican law exempts from the sales and use tax solar electric equipment,...

  10. Draft environmental impact statement for construction and operation of the proposed Bangor Hydro-Electric Company`s second 345-kV transmission tie line to New Brunswick

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1993-10-01

    This Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) was prepared by the US Department of Energy (US DOE). The proposed action is the issuance of Presidential Permit PP-89 by DOE to Bangor Hydro-Electric Company to construct and operate a new international transmission line interconnection to New Brunswick, Canada that would consist of an 83.8 mile (US portion), 345-kilovolt (kV) alternating current transmission line from the US-Canadian border at Baileyville, Maine to an existing substation at Orrington, Maine. The principal environmental impacts of the construction and operation of the transmission line would be incremental in nature and would include the conversion of forested uplands (mostly commercial timberlands) and wetlands to right-of-way (small trees, shrubs, and herbaceous vegetation). The proposed line would also result in localized minor to moderate visual impacts and would contribute a minor incremental increase in the exposure of some individuals to electromagnetic fields. This DEIS documents the purpose and need for the proposed action, describes the proposed action and alternatives considered and provides a comparison of the proposed and alternatives routes, and provides detailed information on analyses of the environmental consequences of the proposed action and alternatives, as well as mitigative measures to minimize impacts.

  11. CX-009135: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puerto Rico State Energy Program for Physical Year 2012 CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 08/30/2012 Location(s): Puerto Rico Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  12. CX-008432: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puerto Rico-City-Toa Baja CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1 Date: 07/16/2012 Location(s): Puerto Rico Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  13. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- CEER

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Rico Center for Energy and Environment Research (CEER), Puerto Rico Key Documents and Links All documents are Adobe Acrobat files. pdficon Key Documents Fact Sheet Please be...

  14. Obama Administration Awards More than $162 Million for State Energy Programs in Seven States and Territories

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Funding Will Speed Adoption of Efficiency and Renewable Energy Technologies in Colorado, Delaware, Indiana, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Puerto Rico

  15. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Puerto Rico- Renewable Energy Equipment Certification Certification of Photovoltaic Equipment Eligibility: Construction, Industrial, InstallersContractors Savings Category: Solar...

  16. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hydroelectric (Small), Anaerobic Digestion, Other Distributed Generation Technologies, Microturbines Puerto Rico- Net Metering Eligibility and Availability Eligibility:...

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Municipal Solid Waste Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings Puerto Rico- Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard Eligible Technologies Eligibility:...

  18. Sr-isotopic composition of marbles from the Puerto Galera area (Mindoro, Philippines): additional evidence for a Paleozoic age of a metamorphic complex in the Philippine island arc

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knittel, U.; Daniels, U.

    1987-02-01

    The Sr-isotopic composition of marbles from the Puerto Galera area (Mindoro, Philippines) is compatible with either a Tertiary or a Paleozoic age. The former is considered as unlikely because nonmetamorphic sediments of that age overlie the metamorphic complex. This implies that the metamorphic complex does not represent the basement of the Philippine arc but is an accreted terrane.

  19. New Brunswick, New Jersey, Site Fact Sheet

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    The U.S. government used the laboratory for nuclear reactor and weapons programs from 1948 to 1977. The site included a main laboratory building, a plutonium laboratory complex, ...

  20. ZERH Training Session: East Brunswick, NJ

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This 3.5-hour training provides builders with a comprehensive review of zero energy-ready home construction including the business case, detailed specifications, and opportunities to be recognized...

  1. Independent Activity Report, New Brunswick Laboratory - July...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    HIAR NBL-2012-07-20 This Independent Activity Report documents an operational awareness activity conducted by Office of Health, Safety and Security's Office of Safety and...

  2. Obama Administration Announces Additional $33,977,000 for Local Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Efficiency Improvements in Puerto Rico | Department of Energy 3,977,000 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Puerto Rico Obama Administration Announces Additional $33,977,000 for Local Energy Efficiency Improvements in Puerto Rico March 26, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - Vice President Joe Biden and Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced plans to invest $3.2 billion in energy efficiency and conservation projects in U.S. cities, counties, states, territories, and Native

  3. Offshore Infrastructure Associates Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Offshore Infrastructure Associates Inc Region: Puerto Rico Sector: Marine and Hydrokinetic Website: http: This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic...

  4. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Puerto Rico, and more extreme climate events are affecting society and ecosystems. According to the Department of Energy (DOE), the increasing air and water temperatures, ...

  5. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Savings Category: Solar Photovoltaics, Wind (All), Wind (Small), Other Distributed Generation Technologies Puerto Rico- Interconnection Standards Customer-generators seeking to...

  6. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Puerto Rico- Interconnection Standards Customer-generators seeking to interconnect first submit a standardized "Evaluation Request" to PREPA to determine whether or not the...

  7. SREL Reprint #3081

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    population ranged from 0.320 to 0.920. Keywords: amphibian, conservation genetics, invasive species, population structure, primer, Puerto Rico SREL Reprint 3081 Peters, M. B.,...

  8. --No Title--

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russia Rwanda...

  9. Category:Countries | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Korea Northern Mariana Islands Norway O Oman P Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Q Qatar R Republic of Macedonia...

  10. LUG 2015 | Registration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Palestinian Territory, Occupied Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian...

  11. Utility Rate Database | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Palestinian Territories Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Islands Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia...

  12. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Oregon Palau Pennsylvania Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virgin Islands Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming...

  13. Final Report - Streamlined and Standardized Permitting and Interconnec...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The plan to transform the rooftop photovoltaic (PV) market in Puerto Rico strives to create not only a standardized framework for PV deployment, but also streamlined and organized, ...

  14. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virgin Islands Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Apply Current search Combined...

  15. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virgin Islands Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Apply Current search Solar...

  16. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virgin Islands Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Apply Current search Heat...

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virgin Islands Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Apply Current search...

  18. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Puerto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virgin Islands Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Apply Current search Anaerobic...

  19. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Montana N. Mariana Islands Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Palau Pennsylvania Puerto Rico Rhode...

  20. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Islands Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Palau Pennsylvania Puerto Rico Rhode Island South...

  1. New results from BLAST on the nucleon electromagnetic form factors...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: CIPAN2006: 9. conference on intersections of particle and nuclear physics, Rio Grande (Puerto Rico), 30 May - 3 Jun 2006; Other Information: DOI: 10.10631.2402594; ...

  2. EIS-0511: Final Environmental Impact Statement | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1: Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0511: Final Environmental Impact Statement Aguirre Offshore GasPort Project, Puerto Rico FERC issued a Final EIS with 10 cooperating...

  3. TO: FROM: Procurement Directors

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and Ground Domestic Delivery Services (DDS2) in the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. DDS2 is a full service Federal Strategic Sourcing Initiative (FSSI)...

  4. Microsoft Word - TR07-27.doc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Boiling Nuclear Superheat (BONUS), Site, Rincn, Puerto Rico July 2010 Page 1 2010 Inspection and Status Report for the Former Boiling Nuclear Superheater (BONUS) Reactor...

  5. 2010 Inspection and Status Report for the Boiling Nuclear Superheater...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Annual Inspection - Boiling Nuclear Superheat (BONUS) Site, Rincn, Puerto Rico October 2013 Page 1 2013 Inspection and Status Report for the Former Boiling Nuclear Superheater...

  6. U.S. Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    District 5 Alaska Arizona California Hawaii Nevada Oregon Washington Guam Puerto Rico Virgin Islands Period: Annual (as of January 1) Download Series History Download Series ...

  7. Fermilab Today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IL Violinist Paolo Castellani and guitarist Francesco Di Giandomenico play the colorful music from Argentina, Spain and Puerto Rico. They will present their latest album,...

  8. MEMO TO:

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    21 September 2011 To: Madeline Ramos, Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) Copy: Boiling Nuclear Superheat (BONUS) File and Gunseli Shareef, URS (Program Manager) From:...

  9. SNL-ESSC (Sandia National Laboratories - Extreme Sea State Contour...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa ...

  10. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Suriname ...

  11. Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore Rotor Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa ...

  12. EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa ...

  13. MELCOR / CSARP / MCAP / IMUG Meetings 2016

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa ...

  14. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Puerto Rico's adaptation of renewable energy and to reduce the island's reliance on fossil fuels. This is especially... Eligibility: Commercial, Industrial, Investor-Owned...

  15. Office of Legacy Management

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Energy Office of Legacy Management JUL 1 0 2008 Alonso Ramirez, Scientific Director EI Verde Research Station Institute for Tropical Ecosystem Studies University of Puerto Rico...

  16. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- El_Verde

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Rico El Verde, Puerto Rico, Site Other Regulatory Framework elverde The DOE Office of Legacy Management assumed responsibility for a tree in Study Area 4 of El Verde site in 2005....

  17. CX-009926: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Municipality of Canovanas, Puerto Rico CX(s) Applied: B5.1, B5.16 Date: 01/31/2013 Location(s): Puerto Rico Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  18. Fuel chip harvesting: small-scale experience in New Brunswick

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, M.H.

    1987-02-01

    This paper reports results of several years' experience using small-scale fuel chip production from forest thinnings and residues. The work was undertaken to demonstrate and monitor this method of woody biomass utilization. Biomass recovered from small-scale harvesting ranged from 50% to 80% of that estimated to be available. Productivity of the small-scale chip production systems was in the tenths of an ovendried (OD) ton (a few cubic meters) per hour range. This productivity is similar to Swedish small-scale experience. The ratio of the energy in the fuel to that expended in chip production averaged 38:1. 6 references.

  19. Brunswick County, North Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Island, North Carolina Belville, North Carolina Boiling Spring Lakes, North Carolina Bolivia, North Carolina Calabash, North Carolina Carolina Shores, North Carolina Caswell...

  20. Brunswick County, Virginia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 36.7570589, -77.8367282 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"goo...

  1. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Brunswick2_FUSRAP

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    year and submits a certification of protectiveness to the State regulator. Office of Legacy Management activities are managing site records and responding to stakeholder ...

  2. New Brunswick Laboratory CX Determinations | U.S. DOE Office...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Determination Date Name of Action: Description Categorical Exclusion Number External link 06082012 NBL-17 GENERIC CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION (CX) FOR THE NBL: Indoor Bench Scale ...

  3. New Brunswick Laboratory: Progress report, October 1987--September 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-04-01

    NBL has been tasked by the DOE Office of Safeguards and Security, Defense Programs (OSS/DP) to assure the application of accurate and reliable measurement technology for the safeguarding of special nuclear materials. NBL is fulfilling its mission responsibilities by identifying and addressing the measurement and measurement-related needs of the nuclear material safeguards community. These responsibilities are being addressed by activities in the following program areas: (1) reference and calibration materials, (2) measurement development, (3) measurement services, (4) measurement evaluation, (5) safeguards assessment, and (6) site-specific assistance. Highlights of each of these programs areas are provided in this summary.

  4. University of Regina celebrates physics project milestone at Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information Puerto Rico (Universidad de Puerto Rico) Spotlights Home DOE Applauds UPR Science and Technical Programs UPR Mayagüez High Energy Physics Group The High Energy Physics Group is currently working in the experiment Compact Muon Solenoid at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN near Geneva, Switzerland. The group is funded by the U.S. DOE Office of Science. Portico of the Mayaguez Campus The University of Puerto Rico has the largest and most

  5. Obama Administration Announces Additional $351,658,900 for Local Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Efficiency Improvements in Puerto Rico | Department of Energy Chu today announced plans to invest $3.2 billion in energy efficiency and conservation projects in U.S. cities, counties, states, territories, and Native American tribes. This includes $33,977,000 for state, county and city efforts in Puerto Rico. A detailed breakdown is below. Today's announcement builds on an investment of $85,951,588 in Puerto Rico weatherization and energy funding announced by the Administration on March 12th

  6. RFA-14-0001 - In the Matter of Commonwealth Oil Refining Company...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    RFA-14-0001 - In the Matter of Commonwealth Oil Refining Company, Inc.Commonwealth of Puerto Rico RFA-14-0001 - In the Matter of Commonwealth Oil Refining Company, Inc....

  7. Photo of the Week: Women in STEM -- Elaine Zworykin | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... In this photo, Yaniel Ramirez from Colegio Catolico Notre Dame in Caguas, Puerto Rico launches his team's electric car down the test track.

  8. Obama Administration Delivers More than $60 Million for Weatherization Programs in Six States and Territories

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Recovery Act funding to expand weatherization assistance programs, create jobs and weatherize nearly 17,000 homes in American Samoa, Northern Arapahoe Tribe, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Tennessee and the U.S. Virgin Islands

  9. PhyloChip Tackles Coral Disease

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Todd DeSantis

    2010-01-08

    Scientists at Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Merced are using an innovative DNA array developed at Berkeley Lab to catalog the microbes that live among coral in the tropical waters off the coast of Puerto Rico.

  10. RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    OIL CO ",442,"EL DORADO","AR","ARKANSAS",3 41305,"ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING ",1,215,"Jet Fuel, Kerosene-Type",4909,"SAN JUAN, PR","PUERTO RICO",6,940,"VENEZUELA...

  11. 38017,"AMERADA HESS CORP ",1,130,"MOTOR...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    INC ",1,130,"MOTOR GAS, CONVENTIONAL, OTHER",4912,"GUAYANILLA, PR","PUERTO RICO",6,830,"SPAIN",15,0,0,,,,, 38017,"TRAMMO PETRO INC ",2,130,"MOTOR GAS, CONVENTIONAL,...

  12. Meet the Collegiate Wind Competition 2016 Teams: Part 2 | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    deployed to provide power in very specific off-grid ... a wind energy application relevant to Puerto Rico. With that in mind, the team concentrates on implementing a vertical ...

  13. Developers Diversified Realty | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    manages approximately 720 retail operating and development properties in 45 US states, plus Puerto Rico, Brazil, Russia and Canada, and has signed a deal with SunEdison to...

  14. PhyloChip Tackles Coral Disease

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Todd DeSantis

    2009-01-30

    Scientists at Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Merced are using an innovative DNA array developed at Berkeley Lab to catalog the microbes that live among coral in the tropical waters off the coast of Puerto Rico.

  15. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on weekly cruises originating from Miami Florida with port calls in the Bahamas, Haiti, Puerto Rico, and St. Thomas. The repeat track of the cruise provides for long-term...

  16. Thousands of Students Prepare to Compete in the National Science Bowl

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Until March 9th, thousands of middle- and high-school students will compete in 120 regional competitions all across the country as well as Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.

  17. Senate Confirms DOE Nominees Daniel Poneman, David Sandalow,...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Department has set aggressive goals for creating green ... Pratt School of Engineering from 1999-2007 where she ... Raised in Puerto Rico, she earned her Ph.D. in chemistry ...

  18. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Profile Territory Profile and Energy Estimates Change State/Territory Choose a U.S. State or Territory United States Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon

  19. ORISE: Research Team Experiences - Jonathan Mbah and Kiara Moorer

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Jonathan Mbah and Kiara Moorer Tuskegee research team spends summer in Puerto Rico improving homeland security Jonathan Mbah and Kiara Moorer Assistant professor Jonathan Mbah and recent graduate Kiara Moorer, both of Tuskegee University, conducted research at the University of Puerto Rico-Mayagüez as part of the U.S. Dept. of Homeland Security's 2012 Summer Research Team Program for Minority Serving Institutions. Their goal was to improve the detection of explosive materials to help counteract

  20. University Research Reactor Task Force to the Nuclear Energy Research

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Universidad del Turabo (Puerto Rico) Universidad del Turabo (Puerto Rico) Team roster: Harry Bonilla, Mechanical Engineering; Coral D. Colón, Electrical Engineering; Gabriel Cotto, Mechanical Engineering; Miguel Díaz, Mechanical Engineering; Eduardo Fenollal, Mechanical Engineering; Jorge W. Flores, Mechanical Engineering; Leishla González, Graphic Design (International School of Design and Architecture); Viany González, Industrial Engineering; Rubén I. Maldonado, Mechanical Engineering;

  1. Production of energy and high-value chemicals from municipal solid waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colucci-Raeos, J.A.; Saliceti-Piazza, L.; Herncndez, A.

    1996-12-31

    Landfills have been used for decades in Puerto Rico as the only alternative for the disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW). In the present, 7,300 metric tons (8,000 tons) of MSW are generated on a daily basis, of which about 43% are generated in the San Juan Metropolitan Area. Garbage dumps in the Metropolitan Area have an estimated useful life of two years from now. Furthermore, Puerto Rico`s average daily per capita generation exceeds that of US and is almost as twice as that of Europe. A novel alternative for the disposal of MSW needs to be implemented. The University of Puerto Rico (Department of Chemical Engineering), in a collaborative effort with the Sandia National Laboratory, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Puerto Rico`s Energy Affairs Administration, and the Institute of Chemical Engineers of Puerto Rico, have conceptualized a research program that would address the utilization of MSW and other agricultural residues for the generation of energy and/or high-value chemical products. The concept, {open_quotes}biorefinery{close_quotes} would consist of the collection of MSW and other agricultural wastes, separation of materials for recycling (glass, ceramics, metals), and use of gasification and/or hydrolysis of the screened material to produce energy and/or chemicals (such as alcohols and oxyaromatics).

  2. National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency Vision for 2025: A Framework for Change

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), addresses the National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency. This webinar is part of a 7-part series created for 5 states (Kentucky, Mississippi, Texas, Puerto Rico, and Alaska) with a cooperative agreement and funding under the State Energy Program with DOE.

  3. PhyloChip Tackles Coral Disease

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeSantis, Todd

    2009-01-01

    Scientists at Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Merced are using an innovative DNA array developed at Berkeley Lab to catalog the microbes that live among coral in the tropical waters off the coast of Puerto Rico. More info: http://newscenter.lbl.gov/feature-stories/2009/02/02/coral-reefs/

  4. [pic

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... |6.|Mexico|2|0%| |7.|Portugal|2|0%| |8.|France|2|0%| |9.|Greece|2|0%| |10.|Spain|2|0%| |11.|Lithuania|1|0%| |12.|Puerto Rico|1|0%| |13.|Ukraine|1|0%| |14.|Austria|1|0%| ...

  5. U.S. Crude Oil Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Peru 14 11 8 11 9 6 1995-2015 Puerto Rico 1973-1997 Russia 269 223 101 42 18 28 1973-2015 Singapore 1993-2006 South Africa 2006-2009 Spain 1995-1996 Sweden 2000-2000 Syria 3 ...

  6. PhyloChip Tackles Coral Disease

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    DeSantis, Todd

    2013-05-29

    Scientists at Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Merced are using an innovative DNA array developed at Berkeley Lab to catalog the microbes that live among coral in the tropical waters off the coast of Puerto Rico. More info: http://newscenter.lbl.gov/feature-stories/2009/02/02/coral-reefs/

  7. [Research in two-dimensional critical phenomena and conformal field theory]. [Rutgers, The State Univ. , New Brunswick, New Jersey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    A very theoretical description is given of research in two- dimensional critical phenomena and conformal field theory. Major progress is reported in the field of fluctuating two-dimensional surfaces. A discretized representation of fluctuating geometry is used where surfaces are represented by triangulations; continuum surfaces are recovered by taking the size of the triangles to zero. One of the central goals of the theory of critical phenomena is to find all possible universality classes of n-dimensional critical phenomena; this goal has been translated into the problem of clasifying all possible scale-invariant euclidean quantum field theories. (RWR)

  8. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-345-A...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-345-A New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp: Comment from Jean Public Application from New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp to ...

  9. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-345-A...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-345-A New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp. Application from New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp. to export electric energy to ...

  10. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-345-A...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EA-345-A New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp: Federal Register Notice, Volume 78, No. 208 - Oct. 28, 2013 Application from New Brunswick Energy Marketing Corp to export electric ...

  11. Enterprise Assessments Operational Awareness Record, Argonne...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and New Brunswick Laboratory - March 2015 Enterprise Assessments Operational Awareness Record, Argonne National Laboratory and New Brunswick Laboratory - March 2015 March...

  12. Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determinations | U.S. DOE Office of...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Site Office (TJSO) Integrated Support Center Chicago Office (CH) Oak Ridge Office (OR) New Brunswick Laboratory New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) Last modified: 682015 3:07:25

  13. Training | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Training New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Training NEPA Documents News Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for New Brunswick ...

  14. Environmental Assessments (EA) / Environmental Impact Statements...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Site Office (TJSO) Integrated Support Center Chicago Office (CH) Oak Ridge Office (OR) New Brunswick Laboratory New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) Last modified: 682015 3:07:39

  15. Microsoft Word - Puerto Rican Cooking Demonstration final.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Arroz Blanco (White Rice) Habichuelas Rosadas (Red Beans) Ensalada de Bacalao (Cod Fish Salad) Ensalada de Aguacate y Tomate (Tomato and Avocado Salad) Flan de Jugo de Pina...

  16. Collegiate Wind Competition Teams | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Teams Collegiate Wind Competition Teams Twelve universities will send teams to the Collegiate Wind Competition 2016 in New Orleans, Louisiana, May 23-26, 2016. Hailing from across the United States, from Alaska to Puerto Rico, with five new schools and seven returning schools from the 2014 competition, the 2016 contestants are: Boise State University The California Maritime Academy California State University, Chico Kansas State University Northern Arizona University The Pennsylvania State

  17. Facility Security Officer Contractor Toolcart

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL Sandia DOE cleared individuals must receive SNL and DOE approval to conduct official international travel prior to departure. This includes travel to Mexico and Canada. The term "official" international travel is defined by DOE as: "Official" International Travel - Approved travel (whether wholly or partly on official business) meeting any of the following criteria: Travel from the United States, which includes the Commonwealths of Puerto Rico and the

  18. SC In Your State | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SC In Your State Universities Universities Home Interactive Grants Map SC In Your State University Science Highlights University Research News Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 SC In Your State Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page The Office of Science directly supports scientists, engineers, and students in all 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Each annual report available

  19. EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2016 Early Release

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Thank

    Overview U.S. Territories: American Samoa | Guam | Northern Mariana Islands | Puerto Rico | U.S. Virgin Islands More State Data & Analysis by Source Petroleum Natural Gas Electricity Coal Renewable & Alternative Fuels Nuclear Environment Total Energy Summary Reports Household Energy Use State Electricity Summaries State Renewable Electricity Statistics State Nuclear Summaries Natural Gas Summary Statistics Today In Energy Hydropower conditions improve as West Coast drought eases

  20. Structure, Activity, and Substrate Selectivity of the Orf6 Thioesterase

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    from Photobacterium profundum (Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Structure, Activity, and Substrate Selectivity of the Orf6 Thioesterase from Photobacterium profundum Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Structure, Activity, and Substrate Selectivity of the Orf6 Thioesterase from Photobacterium profundum Authors: Rodríguez-Guilbe, María ; Oyola-Robles, Delise ; Schreiter, Eric R. ; Baerga-Ortiz, Abel [1] ; HHMI) [2] + Show Author Affiliations (Puerto Rico) ( Publication Date:

  1. WINDExchange: Community-Scale 50-Meter Wind Maps

    Wind Powering America (EERE)

    Community-Scale 50-Meter Wind Maps The U.S. Department of Energy provides 50-meter (m) height, high-resolution wind resource maps for most of the states and territories of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands in the United States. Counties, towns, utilities, and schools use community-scale wind resource maps to locate and quantify the wind resource, identifying potentially windy sites determining a potential site's economic and technical viability. Map of the updated wind resource assessment

  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    U.S. Overview U.S. Territories: American Samoa | Guam | Northern Mariana Islands | Puerto Rico | U.S. Virgin Islands More State Data & Analysis by Source Petroleum Natural Gas Electricity Coal Renewable & Alternative Fuels Nuclear Environment Total Energy Summary Reports Household Energy Use State Electricity Summaries State Renewable Electricity Statistics State Nuclear Summaries Natural Gas Summary Statistics Today In Energy Hydropower conditions improve as West Coast drought eases May

  3. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  4. EXAMINATION REPORT: OAS-RA-13-27 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EXAMINATION REPORT: OAS-RA-13-27 EXAMINATION REPORT: OAS-RA-13-27 July 15, 2013 Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Energy Affairs Administration - Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Funds Provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 As part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act), the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program received $3.2 billion to develop, promote, implement and manage energy efficiency and

  5. LM Sites | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    LM Sites LM Sites Alaska Puerto Rico Continental US Click on a site for more information. The Energy Department is committed to managing its responsibilities associated with the environmental legacy of World War II and the Cold War. This legacy includes radioactive and chemical waste, environmental contamination, and hazardous material at sites across the country. The DOE Office of Legacy Management is responsible for ensuring that Energy's post-closure responsibilities are met and for providing

  6. NREL: News - Nationally Renowned Architect Panel Announces Judging Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at Solar Decathlon Nationally Renowned Architect Panel Announces Judging Results at Solar Decathlon Sunday, September 29, 2002 Design, Livability Results Important to Competing University Teams Washington, D.C.-A panel of nationally renowned architects today announced that The University of Virginia had taken place first in the Design and Livability contest at the Solar Village on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. today. The University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez placed second and The

  7. Program Update: 3rd Quarter 2010 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0 Program Update: 3rd Quarter 2010 Inside this Update: Public Access Established for the Dr. Modesto Iriarte Technological Museum in Rincόn, Puerto Rico; Draft LM Strategic Plan Available for Review; Legacy Management Business Center Awarded Second Energy-Efficiency Award; LM Assumes Responsibility for Yucca Mountain Records and Information; Natural Gas Sampling at the Gasbuggy, New Mexico; Rio Blanco and Rulison, Colorado; Nuclear Gas Sites; Students from Native American Environmental Youth

  8. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond dioxide Topic Carbon Sequestration - Helping to Save Our Beautiful World by Kathy Chambers 17 Apr, 2014 in Warmer winters are changing bird migratory patterns, warmer seawater is linked to coral reef bleaching in the Florida Keys and Puerto Rico, and more extreme climate events are affecting society and ecosystems. According to the Department of Energy (DOE), the increasing air and water temperatures, decreasing water availability

  9. Mr. Robert C, Smith Federal Acquisition Service General Services Administration

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    8,2010 Mr. Robert C, Smith Federal Acquisition Service General Services Administration 2200 Crystal Drive, Suite 300 Arlington, VA 20406 Dear Mr. Smith: The Department of Energy (DOE) will participate as an authorized user of the second generation General Services Administration (GSA) Blanket Purchase Agreement (BPA) Number GS-33F-BQV08 for Express and Ground Domestic Delivery Services (0052) in the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. All existing United Parcel Service

  10. U.S. Office of Personnel Management

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Area: U.S. PAD District 1 Delaware Florida Georgia Maryland New Jersey New York North Carolina Pennsylvania Virginia West Virginia PAD District 2 Illinois Indiana Kansas Kentucky Michigan Minnesota Missouri Nebraska North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Tennessee Wisconsin PAD District 3 Alabama Arkansas Louisiana Mississippi New Mexico Texas PAD District 4 Colorado Montana Utah Wyoming PAD District 5 Alaska Arizona California Hawaii Nevada Oregon Washington Guam Puerto Rico Virgin Islands Period: Annual

  11. Student Intern: Non-Traditional Water Resources | Argonne National

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory Student Intern: Non-Traditional Water Resources Share Argonne intern Nicole Virella Maldonado from the University of Puerto Rico-San Juan, Río Piedras campus, worked with Argonne mentor Margaret MacDonell in studying the use of nontraditional waters for energy and agriculture, including impaired and reclaimed waters. This research will help communities preserve their limited fresh water resources for other uses. Browse By - Any - Energy -Energy efficiency --Vehicles

  12. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    October 6, 2010 [Facility News] Call for Abstracts for Aquatic Sciences Meeting in 2011 Bookmark and Share The next biennial American Society for Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) Aquatic Sciences Meeting will be held in San Juan, Puerto Rico, February 13-18, 2011. The goal of this conference is to bring together aquatic scientists from around the world to meet the challenge of global climate change and explore the wide range of aquatic systems impacted by humans. Abstracts are due October 11,

  13. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- New Jersey

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Jersey New Jersey New Jersey Sites Jersey City Site New Brunswick Site Wayne Site

  14. Ecological Research Division, Marine Research Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-05-01

    This report presents program summaries of the various projects sponsored during 1979 by the Marine Research Program of the Ecological Research Division. Program areas include the effects of petroleum hydrocarbons on the marine environment; a study of the baseline ecology of a proposed OTEC site near Puerto Rico; the environmental impact of offshore geothermal energy development; the movement of radionuclides through the marine environment; the environmental aspects of power plant cooling systems; and studies of the physical and biological oceangraphy of the continental shelves bordering the United States.

  15. Table 5.7 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011 Year Persian Gulf 2 Selected OPEC 1 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 1 Countries Total Net Imports Total Net Imports as Share of Consumption 5 Net Imports From OPEC 1 Algeria Nigeria Saudi Arabia 3 Venezuela Total OPEC 4 Canada Mexico United Kingdom Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico Total Non-OPEC 4 Share of Total Net Imports 6 Share of Consumption 7 Thousand Barrels Percent 1960 NA [8] [9] 30,786 333,046 450,799 31,454 -620 -4,267 12,553 139,406

  16. 2014 Distributed Wind Market Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Report 2014 Distributed Wind Market Report The cover of the 2014 Distributed Wind Market Report. According to the 2014 Distributed Wind Market Report, distributed wind reached a cumulative capacity of almost 1 GW (906 MW) in the United States in 2014, reflecting nearly 74,000 wind turbines deployed across all 50 states, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. In total, 63.6 MW of new distributed wind capacity was added in 2014, representing nearly 1,700 units and $170 million in investment

  17. Sunrayce 93: The hottest new sport on campus. Technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-01

    The solar powered electric vehicle race began in Arlington, Texas on June 20, 1993 and finished 7 days later in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Thirty four teams from Universities across the United States and Puerto Rico completed the race out of thirty six entries. The race demonstrated the viability of sunlight powered vehicles as the better average daily speeds were in excess of 50 miles an hour. Even in the rain, most average speeds were in excess of 15 miles an hour. Analyzed results, photographs, and project details are included. (GHH)

  18. PV Value®

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PV Value® is a free solar PV Valuation tool that answers the question of "How much is solar PV worth" and is compliant with the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice. It is available for and being used by real estate appraisers, realtors, homeowners, commercial building owners, home builders, solar installers, green raters, insurance companies, and mortgage lenders in all 50 states along with D.C. and Puerto Rico. PV Value® allows for the calculation of both the cost and income approach to value and was endorsed by the largest appraiser trade organization, the "Appraisal Institute," as an innovative approach to valuing solar assets.

  19. Use of New Strategically Sourced Blanket Purchase Agreement for Domestic Delivery Services with United Parcel Service

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is participating as an authorized user of the second generation General Services Administration (GSA) Blanket Purchase Agreement (BPA) GS-33F-BQV08 for Express and Ground Domestic Delivery Services (DDS2) in the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. DDS2 is a full service Federal Strategic Sourcing Initiative (FSSI) solution providing agencies with a range of delivery options as well as streamlined acquisition, data analytics, and dedicated customer service. GSA awarded one (1) master task order to the DDS2 BPA holder, United Parcel Service (UPS).

  20. Director > Héctor D. Abruña > Leadership Team > The Energy Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center at Cornell Director Héctor D. Abruña hda1@cornell.edu Professor Abruña, Emile M. Chamot Professor of Chemistry, completed his graduate studies with Royce W. Murray and Thomas J. Meyer at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1980 and was a postdoctoral research associate with Allen J. Bard at the University of Texas at Austin. After a brief stay at the University of Puerto Rico, he came to Cornell in 1983. Professor Abruña is an AAAS Fellow and recipient of a

  1. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Import/Export Locations

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    List Pipelines > Import/Export Location List About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Currently, there are 58 locations at which natural gas can be exported or imported into the United States, including 9 LNG (liquefied natural gas) facilities in the continental United States and Alaska (There is a tenth U.S. LNG import facility located in Puerto Rico). At 28 of these locations natural gas or LNG currently can only

  2. Guides and Case Studies for Hot-Humid Climates | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hot-Humid Climates Guides and Case Studies for Hot-Humid Climates Map of the Hot and Humid Climate Zone of the United States. This zone covers eastern Texas through Florida and reaches up to mid-Georgia it also includes Puerto Rico and Hawaii. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building America program has developed a series of best practices and case studies to help builders improve whole-house energy performance in buildings found in hot-humid climates. Best Practice Guides 40% Whole-House

  3. NREL: News - Winner of Solar Decathlon to be Announced

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Winner of Solar Decathlon to be Announced Friday, October 4, 2002 Washington, D.C.- The winner of the U.S. Department of Energy's first Solar Decathlon will be announced noon, Saturday, October 6 in the Solar Village on the National Mall. The Solar Decathlon is a team competition among 14 colleges and universities from across the country and Puerto Rico to design and build the most attractive and energy-efficient solar-powered homes. The winning team must blend aesthetics and modern conveniences

  4. Angels and Demons: The Science Behind the Scenes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graf, Norman

    2009-05-12

    Does antimatter really exist? How and why do scientists produce and use it? Does CERN exist and is there an underground complex deep beneath the Swiss/French border? Is truth stranger than fiction? Find out at the coming public lecture. On Tuesday, May 12, SLAC physicist Norman Graf will discuss the real science behind Angels & Demons, Dan Brown's blockbuster novel and the basis of an upcoming Tom Hanks movie. Graf's' talk is one in a series of public lectures across the U.S., Canada and Puerto Rico to share the science of antimatter and the Large Hadron Collider, and the excitement of particle physics research.

  5. National Solar Radiation Data Bases (NSRDB): 1961 to 1990 and 1991 to 2005

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The National Solar Radiation Data Base 1961-1990 (NSRDB) contains 30 years of solar radiation and supplementary meteorological data from 237 NWS sites in the U.S., plus sites in Guam and Puerto Rico. The updated 1991-2005 National Solar Radiation Database holds solar and meteorological data for 1,454 locations in the United States and its territories. See also the interactive data maps for the 1961 to 1990 data at http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/old_data/nsrdb/1961-1990/redbook/atlas/.

  6. DOE National Science Bowl Kicks Off Tomorrow, April 27 | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Off Tomorrow, April 27 DOE National Science Bowl Kicks Off Tomorrow, April 27 April 26, 2012 - 12:11pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - Friday, April 27, through Monday, April 30, 113 regional high school and middle school championship teams from 42 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands will compete in the 22nd annual U.S. Department of Energy National Science Bowl final competition in Washington D.C. The students will be quizzed on all science

  7. DOE National Science Bowl Kicks off Saturday, April 30 | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy off Saturday, April 30 DOE National Science Bowl Kicks off Saturday, April 30 April 28, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - 110 regional high school and middle school championship teams from 44 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands will compete in the 21st annual U.S. Department of Energy National Science Bowl final competition in Washington D.C. April 30th through May 2nd. The students will be quizzed on all science disciplines, including

  8. 2014 Feature Stories | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 Distributed Wind Market Report 2014 Distributed Wind Market Report The cover of the 2014 Distributed Wind Market Report. According to the 2014 Distributed Wind Market Report, distributed wind reached a cumulative capacity of almost 1 GW (906 MW) in the United States in 2014, reflecting nearly 74,000 wind turbines deployed across all 50 states, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. In total, 63.6 MW of new distributed wind capacity was added in 2014, representing nearly 1,700 units and $170

  9. The Secretary of Energy

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... Baker Brothers* Toledo, Ohio General Motors*- Adrian, Michigan Chapman Valve* * Indian Orchard, Massachusetts 'Ventron* Beverly. Massachusetts New Brunswick Laboratory* New ...

  10. Categorical Exclusion Determinations | U.S. DOE Office of Science...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Categorical Exclusion Determinations New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Training NEPA Documents Categorical Exclusion ...

  11. Measurement Services | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Measurement Services New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials Program Measurement Evaluation Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation ...

  12. Programs | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Programs New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials Program Measurement Evaluation Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation Support Measurement Services Measurement Development Training Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Training NEPA Documents News Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for New Brunswick Laboratory Certified Reference Materials (CRM) Contact Information New Brunswick Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy Building 350 9800 South Cass Avenue Argonne,

  13. Measurement Evaluation | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Evaluation New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials Program Measurement Evaluation Reports Nuclear Safeguards and Nonproliferation Support Measurement Services Measurement Development Training Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Training NEPA Documents News Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for New Brunswick Laboratory Certified Reference Materials (CRM) Contact Information New Brunswick Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy Building 350 9800 South Cass Avenue

  14. Ordering Information | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ordering Information New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Prices and Certificates Ordering Information Training NEPA Documents News Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for New Brunswick Laboratory Certified Reference Materials (CRM) Contact Information New Brunswick Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy Building 350 9800 South Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439-4899 P: (630) 252-2442 (NBL) P: (630) 252-2767 (CRM sales) F: (630) 252-6256 E: Email Us Certified

  15. About | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    About New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Organization Chart .pdf file (269KB) Points of Contact (POCs) History Directions Jobs Programs Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Training NEPA Documents News Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for New Brunswick Laboratory Certified Reference Materials (CRM) Contact Information New Brunswick Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy Building 350 9800 South Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439-4899 P: (630) 252-2442 (NBL) P: (630) 252-2767 (CRM sales) F: (630)

  16. From: Carol Munson Ross To: Congestion Study Comments Subject...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Munson Ross To: Congestion Study Comments Subject: comment Date: Monday, October 06, 2014 ... Transmission Corridors. Thank you, Carol Munson Ross 22696 Osage Brunswick, MO 65236

  17. Other Participants 2001 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Falls , MT Chaska High School , Chaska , MN Creighton Preparatory School , Omaha , NE DuPont Manual Magnet High School , Louisville , KY East Brunswick High School , East ...

  18. Other Participants 2000 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Lake South High School , Crystal Lake , IL Dulles High School , Sugar Land , TX DuPont Manual Magnet High School , Louisville , KY East Brunswick High School , East ...

  19. Columbus County, North Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zone Number 3 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Columbus County, North Carolina Boardman, North Carolina Bolton, North Carolina Brunswick, North Carolina Cerro Gordo, North...

  20. Poudre High School From Fort Collins , Colorado Wins U.S. Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... East Brunswick, New Jersey Edwin O. Smith High School, Storrs, Connecticut Homestead ... North Dakota Southside High School, Fort Smith, Arkansas Texas Academy of Mathematics and ...

  1. Energy-Intensive Processes Portfolio: Addressing Key Energy Challenges...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Squibb New Brunswick, NJ ChemProcess Technologies, LLC Bensalem, PA New Jersey Nanotechnology Consortium Murray Hill, NJ Information by Design Hoboken, NJ Frank Shinneman New ...

  2. Microsoft PowerPoint - Sadiki - SW Regional Hydropower Conference...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Administration Contracts Manitoba Hydro New Brunswick Power Corporation New York Power Authority Ontario Power Generation Pacific Gas & Electric Company Seattle City Light ...

  3. The

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... Alba Craft Laboratory HHM Safe Company Associate Aircraft B & T Metals* Baker Brothers* General Motors*- Chapman Valve* * Ventron* New Brunswick Laboratory* Berkeley, California ...

  4. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL), Argonne, IL (United ... In this presentation, I will review the status of the proton ... The Recoil Polarization Experiments at Jefferson Lab ...

  5. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL), Argonne, IL (United ... This paper presents a review on the field of inclusive ... in quasi-elastic kinematics in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. ...

  6. ANL2014-JMA.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08903 8 Oxford Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PU, United Kingdom *Research sponsored by...

  7. SREL Reprint #3070

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    site in Brunswick, Georgia. Home ranges were established for adult rails, and sediment and crab samples were taken from each individuals range. The study was designed to...

  8. Property:Incentive/AddlPlaceUtility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canada) + Maritime Electric + N Net Metering (New Brunswick, Canada) + NB Power + Nuclear Power Plant Construction Support (North Carolina) + North Carolina + R Renewable and...

  9. 2,"McGuire","Nuclear","Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC",2296.1 3,...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Progress - (NC)",2439 2,"McGuire","Nuclear","Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC",2296.1 ... Energy Carolinas, LLC",2078 5,"Brunswick Nuclear","Nuclear","Duke Energy Progress - ...

  10. Chariton County, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    5 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Chariton County, Missouri Brunswick, Missouri Dalton, Missouri Glasgow, Missouri Keytesville, Missouri Marceline, Missouri Mendon, Missouri...

  11. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    | PricesDemandSupply | Storage In the News: In the News: Canaport LNG Undergoing Maintenance. Canaport LNG, an LNG import terminal located in St. John, New Brunswick, Canada,...

  12. Property:Incentive/ContAddr2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    + P.O. Box 30471 + Air Pollution Control Program (South Dakota) + 523 E. Capitol + Air Quality Approvals and Permits (New Brunswick, Canada) + P. O. Box 6000 + Air Quality...

  13. Prices and Certificates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Prices and Certificates New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Prices and Certificates Ordering Information Training NEPA ...

  14. 1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... County, Bristol, Brunswick County, Buchanan County, Buckingham County, Buena Vista, Campbell County, Caroline County, Carroll County, Charles City County, Charlotte County, ...

  15. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... Nevada Test SiteNavarro-Intera, LLC New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL), Argonne, IL (United States) New York Support Office, New York, NY (United States) North American Aviation, Inc. ...

  16. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Documents | U.S. DOE...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Documents New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Training NEPA Documents Categorical ...

  17. Environmental Assessments (EA) / Environmental Impact Statements...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Environmental Assessments (EA) Environmental Impact Statements (EIS) New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Training NEPA ...

  18. Jobs | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Jobs New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Organization Chart .pdf file (269KB) Points of Contact (POCs) History Directions Jobs Programs Certified Reference Materials ...

  19. A Report to the Secretary of Energy, Beyond Design Basis Event...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... LANL - Los Alamos National Laboratory LLNL - Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory NBL - New Brunswick Laboratory NNSS - Nevada National Security Site *ORNL - Oak Ridge ...

  20. Chicago Office NEPA Tracking Number U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SolicitationAward No. (if applicable): NA Organization Name: New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) Title of Proposed ProjectResearch: GENERIC CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION (CX) FOR THE NBL: ...

  1. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... LLC New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL), Argonne, IL (United States) New York ... The investigations were based on system modeling and laboratory evaluation. Both designs ...

  2. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... LLC New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL), Argonne, IL (United States) New York ... (1) corrosion (1) decomposition (1) evaluation (1) flowsheets (1) forecasting (1) ...

  3. From: Deb Long To: Congestion Study Comments Subject:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Deb Long To: Congestion Study Comments Subject: Transmission lines Date: Friday, September ... Transmission Corridors. Thank you, Deborah Long 25271 Hwy 11 Brunswick, Missouri 65236 ...

  4. The History of the Light Bulb | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    pioneer Charles Proteus Steinmetz (center in light-colored suit) poses with Albert Einstein (immediate left) and other inventors at the RCA Brunswick, New Jersey,...

  5. Laurie Bagley succeeds Lew Meixler as head of Technology Transfer...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    marketing mailings. Bagley has been married to her husband Dan, a toxicologist at Colgate Palmolive, for 25 years. The couple lives in Kendall Park in South Brunswick and...

  6. Table 5.6 Petroleum Exports by Country of Destination, 1960-2011 (Thousand Barrels)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Exports by Country of Destination, 1960-2011 (Thousand Barrels) Year Belgium 1 Brazil Canada France Italy Japan Mexico Nether- lands South Korea Spain United Kingdom U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico Other Total 1960 1,128 1,547 12,622 1,591 2,184 22,681 6,428 2,057 NA NA 4,273 487 18,908 73,906 1961 1,418 1,337 8,401 1,442 1,706 21,473 4,548 1,496 NA NA 3,705 400 17,637 63,563 1962 1,182 1,649 7,714 969 1,994 19,687 4,981 1,671 NA NA 3,044 344 18,155 61,390 1963 3,191 1,335 7,987

  7. DISCOVERY OF 6.035 GHz HYDROXYL MASER FLARES IN IRAS 18566+0408

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Marzouk, A. A.; Araya, E. D.; Hofner, P.; Kurtz, S.; Linz, H.; Olmi, L.

    2012-05-10

    We report the discovery of 6.035 GHz hydroxyl (OH) maser flares toward the massive star-forming region IRAS 18566+0408 (G37.55+0.20), which is the only region known to show periodic formaldehyde (4.8 GHz H{sub 2}CO) and methanol (6.7 GHz CH{sub 3}OH) maser flares. The observations were conducted between 2008 October and 2010 January with the 305 m Arecibo Telescope in Puerto Rico. We detected two flare events, one in 2009 March and one in 2009 September to November. The OH maser flares are not simultaneous with the H{sub 2}CO flares, but may be correlated with CH{sub 3}OH flares from a component at corresponding velocities. A possible correlated variability of OH and CH{sub 3}OH masers in IRAS 18566+0408 is consistent with a common excitation mechanism (IR pumping) as predicted by theory.

  8. Microcomputer Spectrum Analysis Models (MSAM) with terrain data base (for microcomputers). Software

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-01

    The package contains a collection of 14 radio frequency communications engineering and spectrum management programs plus a menu program. An associated terrain elevation data base with 30-second data is provided for the U.S. (less Alaska), Hawaii, Puerto Rico, the Caribbean and border areas of Canada and Mexico. The following programs are included: Bearing/Distance Program (BDIST); Satellite Azimuth Program (SATAZ); Intermodulation Program (INTMOD); NLAMBDA-90 smooth-earth propagation program (NL90); Frequency Dependent Rejection program (FDR); ANNEX I program to evaluate frequency proposals per NTIA Manual (ANNEXI); Antenna Field Intensity program (AFI); Personal Computer Plot 2-D graphics program (PCPLT); Profile 4/3 earth terrain elevation plot program (PROFILE); Horizon radio line-of-sight plot program (HORIZON); Single-Emitter Analysis Mode (SEAM); Terrain Integrated Rough-Earth Model (TIREM); Power Density Display Program to produce power contour map (PDDP); Line-of-Sight antenna coverage map program (SHADO).

  9. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Renewable Energy Annual 2009 71

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 Table 2.5 Shipments of solar thermal collectors ranked by origin and destination, 2008 Origin Top Five States 10,933 64 California 4,933 29 New Jersey 4,211 25 Florida 1,271 7 Nevada 289 2 Puerto Rico 230 1 Other Domestic 512 3 Imported 5,517 33 U.S. Total 16,963 100 Destination Top Five States 11,093 65 Florida 5,175 31 California 3,746 22 Arizona 939 6 Haw aii 780 5 Oregon 452 3 Other Domestic 3,623 21 Exported 2,247 13 U.S. Total 16,963 100 Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration,

  10. 2014 Distributed Wind Market Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orell, A.; Foster, N.

    2015-08-01

    The cover of the 2014 Distributed Wind Market Report.According to the 2014 Distributed Wind Market Report, distributed wind reached a cumulative capacity of almost 1 GW (906 MW) in the United States in 2014, reflecting nearly 74,000 wind turbines deployed across all 50 states, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. In total, 63.6 MW of new distributed wind capacity was added in 2014, representing nearly 1,700 units and $170 million in investment across 24 states. In 2014, America's distributed wind energy industry supported a growing domestic industrial base as exports from United States-based small wind turbine manufacturers accounted for nearly 80% of United States-based manufacturers' sales.

  11. Estimated Water Flows in 2005: United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, C A; Belles, R D; Simon, A J

    2011-03-16

    Flow charts depicting water use in the United States have been constructed from publicly available data and estimates of water use patterns. Approximately 410,500 million gallons per day of water are managed throughout the United States for use in farming, power production, residential, commercial, and industrial applications. Water is obtained from four major resource classes: fresh surface-water, saline (ocean) surface-water, fresh groundwater and saline (brackish) groundwater. Water that is not consumed or evaporated during its use is returned to surface bodies of water. The flow patterns are represented in a compact 'visual atlas' of 52 state-level (all 50 states in addition to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands) and one national water flow chart representing a comprehensive systems view of national water resources, use, and disposition.

  12. Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution System of the U. S. Virgin Islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burman, K.; Olis, D.; Gevorgian, V.; Warren, A.; Butt, R.; Lilienthal, P.; Glassmire, J.

    2011-09-01

    This report focuses on the economic and technical feasibility of integrating renewable energy technologies into the U.S. Virgin Islands transmission and distribution systems. The report includes three main areas of analysis: 1) the economics of deploying utility-scale renewable energy technologies on St. Thomas/St. John and St. Croix; 2) potential sites for installing roof- and ground-mount PV systems and wind turbines and the impact renewable generation will have on the electrical subtransmission and distribution infrastructure, and 3) the feasibility of a 100- to 200-megawatt power interconnection of the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA), Virgin Islands Water and Power Authority (WAPA), and British Virgin Islands (BVI) grids via a submarine cable system.

  13. Chaos in laser-matter interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ackerhalt, J.; Milonni, P.; Shih, M.L.

    1987-01-01

    This is a set of lecture notes given by the authors at the Universities of Rochester, Arkansas and Puerto Rico. This volume introduces the main ideas of chaos and its applications to a broad range of problems in quantum optics, electronics and laser physics. Contents: Introduction; Nonlinearity; The Period Doubling Route to Chaos; The Duffing Oscillator; Strange Attractors; Two-Frequency Route to Chaos; Intermittency; Dimensions of Attractors; Noise, The Lorenz Model and the Single-Mode Laser; Chaotic Lasers: Theory and Experiment; Hamiltonian Systems; The Henon-Heiles System; The Standard Mapping; Fat Fractals; Ergodicity and Mixing; Chaos and the Microwave Ionization of Hydrogen; The Kicked Pendulum: Classical Theory and Quantum Theory; Chaos and Multiple-Photon Excitation of Molecular Vibrations; Chaos and Molecular Rotations; Ideas in Quantum Chaos; Outlook.

  14. Data from Fermilab E-687 (Photoproduction of Heavy Flavours) and Fermilab E-831 (FOCUS)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The FERMILAB E687 Collaboration studies production and decay properties of heavy flavours produced in photon-hadron interactions. The experiment recorded approximately 500 million hadronic triggers in the 1990-91 fixed target run at Fermilab from which over 80 thousand charm decays were fully reconstructed. Physics publications include the precision lifetime measurements of the charm hadrons, D meson semileptonic form factors, detailed Dalitz plot analyses, charm meson and baryon decay modes and spectroscopy, searches for rare and forbidden phenomena, and tests of QCD production mechanisms. The follow-on experiment FOCUS Collaboration (Fermilab E831) successfully recorded huge amount of data during the 1996-1997 fixed target run. The FOCUS home page is located at http://www-focus.fnal.gov/. FOCUS is an international collaboration with institutions in Brazil, Italy, South Korea, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and the U.S.

  15. Improving oiled shoreline cleanup with COREXIT 9580

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiocco, R.J.; Lessard, R.R.; Canevari, G.P.

    1996-08-01

    The cleanup of oiled shorelines has generally been by mechanical, labor-intensive means. The use of a chemical shoreline cleaner to assist in water-flushing oil from the surfaces can result in more complete and more rapid cleaning. Not only is the cleaning process more efficient, but it can also be less environmentally damaging since there is potentially much less human intrusion and stress on the biological community. This paper describes research and applications of COREXIT 9580 shoreline cleaner for treatment of oiled shorelines, including four recent applications in Puerto Rico, Bermuda, Texas and Nova Scotia. Research work on shoreline vegetation, such as mangroves, has also demonstrated the potential use of this product to save and restore oiled vegetation.

  16. Army Reserve Comprehensive Water Efficiency Assessments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMordie Stoughton, Kate; Kearney, Jaime

    2015-04-14

    The Army Reserve has partnered with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop comprehensive water assessments for numerous Army Reserve Centers in all five regions including the Pacific islands and Puerto Rico, and at Fort Buchanan and Fort Hunter Liggett. The objective of these assessments is to quantify water use at the site, and identify innovative water efficiency projects that can be implemented to help reduce water demand and increase efficiency. Several of these assessments have focused on a strategic plan for achieving net zero water to help meet the Army’s Net Zero Directive . The Army Reserve has also leveraged this approach as part of the energy conservation investment program (ECIP), energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs), and utility energy service contracts (UESCs). This article documents the process involved.

  17. Including Alternative Resources in State Renewable Portfolio Standards: Current Design and Implementation Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Bird, L.

    2012-11-01

    Currently, 29 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico have instituted a renewable portfolio standard (RPS). An RPS sets a minimum threshold for how much renewable energy must be generated in a given year. Each state policy is unique, varying in percentage targets, timetables, and eligible resources. This paper examines state experience with implementing renewable portfolio standards that include energy efficiency, thermal resources, and non-renewable energy and explores compliance experience, costs, and how states evaluate, measure, and verify energy efficiency and convert thermal energy. It aims to gain insights from the experience of states for possible federal clean energy policy as well as to share experience and lessons for state RPS implementation.

  18. Household energy use in urban Venezuela: Implications from surveys in Maracaibo, Valencia, Merida, and Barcelona-Puerto La Cruz

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Figueroa, M.J.; Sathaye, J.

    1993-08-01

    This report identifies the most important results of a comparative analysis of household commercial energy use in Venezuelan urban cities. The use of modern fuels is widespread among all cities. Cooking consumes the largest share of urban household energy use. The survey documents no use of biomass and a negligible use of kerosene for cooking. LPG, natural gas, and kerosene are the main fuels available. LPG is the fuel choice of low-income households in all cities except Maracaibo, where 40% of all households use natural gas. Electricity consumption in Venezuela`s urban households is remarkably high compared with the levels used in households in comparable Latin American countries and in households of industrialized nations which confront harsher climatic conditions and, therefore, use electricity for water and space heating. The penetration of appliances in Venezuela`s urban households is very high. The appliances available on the market are inefficient, and there are inefficient patterns of energy use among the population. Climate conditions and the urban built form all play important roles in determining the high level of energy consumption in Venezuelan urban households. It is important to acknowledge the opportunities for introducing energy efficiency and conservation in Venezuela`s residential sector, particularly given current economic and financial constraints, which may hamper the future provision of energy services.

  19. Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul T. Jacobson; George Hagerman; George Scott

    2011-12-01

    This project estimates the naturally available and technically recoverable U.S. wave energy resources, using a 51-month Wavewatch III hindcast database developed especially for this study by National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA’s) National Centers for Environmental Prediction. For total resource estimation, wave power density in terms of kilowatts per meter is aggregated across a unit diameter circle. This approach is fully consistent with accepted global practice and includes the resource made available by the lateral transfer of wave energy along wave crests, which enables wave diffraction to substantially reestablish wave power densities within a few kilometers of a linear array, even for fixed terminator devices. The total available wave energy resource along the U.S. continental shelf edge, based on accumulating unit circle wave power densities, is estimated to be 2,640 TWh/yr, broken down as follows: 590 TWh/yr for the West Coast, 240 TWh/yr for the East Coast, 80 TWh/yr for the Gulf of Mexico, 1570 TWh/yr for Alaska, 130 TWh/yr for Hawaii, and 30 TWh/yr for Puerto Rico. The total recoverable wave energy resource, as constrained by an array capacity packing density of 15 megawatts per kilometer of coastline, with a 100-fold operating range between threshold and maximum operating conditions in terms of input wave power density available to such arrays, yields a total recoverable resource along the U.S. continental shelf edge of 1,170 TWh/yr, broken down as follows: 250 TWh/yr for the West Coast, 160 TWh/yr for the East Coast, 60 TWh/yr for the Gulf of Mexico, 620 TWh/yr for Alaska, 80 TWh/yr for Hawaii, and 20 TWh/yr for Puerto Rico.

  20. Energy Vulnerability Assessment for the US Pacific Islands. Technical Appendix 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fesharaki, F.; Rizer, J.P.; Greer, L.S.

    1994-05-01

    The study, Energy Vulnerability Assessment of the US Pacific Islands, was mandated by the Congress of the United States as stated in House Resolution 776-220 of 1992, Section 1406. The resolution states that the US Secretary of Energy shall conduct a study of the implications of the unique vulnerabilities of the insular areas to an oil supply disruption. Such study shall outline how the insular areas shall gain access to vital oil supplies during times of national emergency. The resolution defines insular areas as the US Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Palau. The US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico are not included in this report. The US Department of Energy (USDOE) has broadened the scope of the study contained in the House Resolution to include emergency preparedness and response strategies which would reduce vulnerability to an oil supply disruption as well as steps to ameliorate adverse economic consequences. This includes a review of alternative energy technologies with respect to their potential for reducing dependence on imported petroleum. USDOE has outlined the four tasks of the energy vulnerability assessment as the following: (1) for each island, determine crude oil and refined product demand/supply, and characterize energy and economic infrastructure; (2) forecast global and regional oil trade flow patterns, energy demand/supply, and economic activities; (3) formulate oil supply disruption scenarios and ascertain the general and unique vulnerabilities of these islands to oil supply disruptions; and (4) outline emergency preparedness and response options to secure oil supplies in the short run, and reduce dependence on imported oil in the longer term.

  1. CX-000018: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dismantling, Removal and Decommissioning of Contaminated Ducting and Associated Equipment in the Plutonium Facility Fan Loft and Basement of Building 350 (New Brunswick Laboratory)CX(s) Applied: B1.17, B1.16, B1.3, B6.1, B2.5Date: 12/10/2009Location(s): IllinoisOffice(s): Science, New Brunswick Laboratory

  2. News | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    News New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Training NEPA Documents News Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for New Brunswick Laboratory Certified Reference Materials (CRM) Contact Information New Brunswick Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy Building 350 9800 South Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439-4899 P: (630) 252-2442 (NBL) P: (630) 252-2767 (CRM sales) F: (630) 252-6256 E: Email Us News Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Announcing the NBL

  3. UPR/Mayaguez High Energy Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendez, Hector

    2014-10-31

    This year the University of Puerto Rico at Mayaguez (UPRM) High Energy Physics (HEP) group continued with the ongoing research program outlined in the grant proposal. The program is centered on the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment at the proton-proton (pp) collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. The main research focus is on data analysis and on the preparation for the High Luminosity (HL) LHC or experiment detector upgrade. The physics data analysis included Higgs Doublet Search and measurement of the (1)#3; Λ0b branching fraction, (2) B meson mass, and (3) hyperon θ-b lifetime. The detector upgrade included work on the preparations for the Forward Pixel (FPIX) detector Silicon Sensor Testing in a production run at Fermilab. In addition, the group has taken responsibilities on the Software Release through our former research associate Dr. Eric Brownson who acted until last December as a Level Two Offline Manager for the CMS Upgrade. In support of the CMS data analysis activities carried out locally, the UPRM group has built and maintains an excellent Tier3 analysis center in Mayaguez. This allowed us to analyze large data samples and to continue the development of algorithms for the upgrade tracking robustness we started several years ago, and we plan to resume in the near future. This project involves computer simulation of the radiation damage to be suffered at the higher luminosities of the upgraded LHC. This year we continued to serve as a source of outstanding students for the field of high energy physics. Three of our graduate students finished their MS work in May, 2014, Their theses research were on data analysis of heavy quark b-physics. All of them are currently enrolled at Ph.D. physics program across the nation. One of them (Hector Moreno) at New Mexico University (Hector Moreno), one at University of New Hampshire (Sandra Santiesteban) and one at University of Puerto Rico-Rio Piedras (Carlos Malca). The students H. Moreno and C. Malca has been directly supervised by Dr. Mendez and S. Santiesteban supervised by Dr. Ramirez. During the last 13 years, our group have graduated 23 MS students on experimental High Energy Physics data analysis and applied hardware techniques. Most of the students have been supported by DOE grants, included this grant. Since 2001, Dr. Mendez have directly supervised eleven students, Dr. Ramirez three students and the former PI (Dr. Lopez) nine students. These theses work are fully documented in the group web page (http://charma.uprm.edu). The High Energy Physics group at Mayaguez is small and presently consists of three Physics faculty members, the Senior Investigators Dr. Hector Mendez (Professor) and Dr. Juan Eduardo Ramirez (Professor), and Dr. Sudhir Malik who was just hired in July 2014. Dr. Ramirez is in charge of the UPRM Tier-3 computing and will be building the network bandwidth infrastructure for the campus, while Dr. Mendez will continues his effort in finishing the heavy quark physics data analysis and moving to work on SUSY analysis for the 2015 data. Our last grant application in 2012 was awarded only for 2013-2014. As a result our postdoc position was lost last month of March. Since then, we have hired Dr. Malik as a new faculty in order to reinforce the group and to continue our efforts with the CMS experiment. Our plan is to hire another junior faculty in the next two years to strengthen the HEP group even further. Dr. Mendez continues with QuarkNet activities involving an ever larger group of high school physics teachers from all around Puerto Rico.

  4. Strategies for enhancing the effectiveness of metagenomic-based enzyme discovery in lignocellulytic microbial communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeAngelis, K.M.; Gladden, J.G.; Allgaier, M.; D'haeseleer, P.; Fortney, J.L.; Reddy, A.; Hugenholtz, P.; Singer, S.W.; Vander Gheynst, J.; Silver, W.L.; Simmons, B.; Hazen, T.C.

    2010-03-01

    Producing cellulosic biofuels from plant material has recently emerged as a key U.S. Department of Energy goal. For this technology to be commercially viable on a large scale, it is critical to make production cost efficient by streamlining both the deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass and fuel production. Many natural ecosystems efficiently degrade lignocellulosic biomass and harbor enzymes that, when identified, could be used to increase the efficiency of commercial biomass deconstruction. However, ecosystems most likely to yield relevant enzymes, such as tropical rain forest soil in Puerto Rico, are often too complex for enzyme discovery using current metagenomic sequencing technologies. One potential strategy to overcome this problem is to selectively cultivate the microbial communities from these complex ecosystems on biomass under defined conditions, generating less complex biomass-degrading microbial populations. To test this premise, we cultivated microbes from Puerto Rican soil or green waste compost under precisely defined conditions in the presence dried ground switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) or lignin, respectively, as the sole carbon source. Phylogenetic profiling of the two feedstock-adapted communities using SSU rRNA gene amplicon pyrosequencing or phylogenetic microarray analysis revealed that the adapted communities were significantly simplified compared to the natural communities from which they were derived. Several members of the lignin-adapted and switchgrass-adapted consortia are related to organisms previously characterized as biomass degraders, while others were from less well-characterized phyla. The decrease in complexity of these communities make them good candidates for metagenomic sequencing and will likely enable the reconstruction of a greater number of full length genes, leading to the discovery of novel lignocellulose-degrading enzymes adapted to feedstocks and conditions of interest.

  5. 2013 DOE Occupational Radiation Exposure Report Appendices

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    -10% New Brunswick Laboratory 0.165 8 0.021 Oak Ridge - East Tennessee Technology Park 0.830 39 0.021 Oak Ridge - Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education 0.211 82...

  6. ORPS Facility Registration Form

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ... UMTRA Project Office LOSALAMOS Los Alamos Site WASHINGTON Washington D.C. Office MOAB MOAB WH West Hackberry Site MOUND Mound Plant WI Weeks Island Site NBL New Brunswick ...

  7. H. B. Fry, Staff Assistant NJ-, i.4 SUBJECT: DISCUSSION CCSJCERMZIQ...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    CCSJCERMZIQ THE M E W BRUNSWICK UBORAIORY; MONDAY, EOVEKBER 1, '1948 REFER TO SYb5BOLt SA:HBF tu 14-7 2 Those presentr M r. Rodden, Dr. Donovan, Hr. K&lay, Dr. Chadwell, Messrs. ...

  8. The 'world's largest' Inconel waterwall weld overlay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacLean, K.; Fournier, E.; Gomez-Grande, J.; Scandroli, T.

    2009-11-15

    An 11,000 square foot Inconel 655 weld repaired severe wastage caused by low NOx firing with coal/petcoke at the Belledune generating station in New Brunswick, Canada. 1 ref., 1 fig., 3 photos.

  9. National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2006 Eastern...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    NERC and regional reliability standards Northeast Reliability Interconnect Project-adds a new 345 kV tie line between New England and New Brunswick to improve the transfer ...

  10. Agenda/Presentations | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Essex, New Brunswick Laboratory 12:15-1:45 Lunch 1:45-2:15 Isotopes Management for Space and Defense Power Systems Presentation 1 .pdf file (617KB) | Presentation 2 .pdf file ...

  11. Il.-'",.'

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... D&D STATUS REPORT NEW BRUNSWICK LABORATORY NEW JERSEY SITE R. A. Wynveen V. R. Veluri W. H. Smith M. J. Robinet H. J. Moe DECEMBER 1981 INDEX Text D&D ......

  12. Progress report for the period October 1981-September 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-02-01

    The mission-related activities of the DOE New Brunswick Laboratory involving development, calibration, and evaluation of nuclear material measurement technology and providing measurement-related services for the Government during the period are described and summarized.

  13. untitled

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Brunswick Site M:\LTS\111\0001\10\000\S0824300\S0824300-23.mxd coatesc 09/28/2011 12:43:27 PM 0 200 10

  14. CX-008817: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Indoor Bench Scale Research Projects and Conventional Laboratory Operations CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 06/08/2012 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): New Brunswick Laboratory

  15. Women @ Energy: Regina Rameika | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Regina Rameika Women @ Energy: Regina Rameika August 19, 2015 - 12:29pm Addthis Regina Rameika is a scientist at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab). She attended Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, earning a bachelor's degree and doctorate. Regina Rameika is a scientist at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab). She attended Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, earning a bachelor's degree and doctorate. Check out other profiles in the Women @ Energy

  16. Caribbean-GTZ Renewable Energy Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    enpraxis95 Country Antigua & Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Puerto...

  17. Modular OTEC platforms, SKSS designs. Volume I. Executive summary. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-02-29

    One of the possible options for generating electrical energy from ocean thermal gradients requires the use of a floating offshore platform. The platform would contain all OTEC (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion) systems and power cycle components and consist of the hull, seawater, station-keeping, platform service, and mission support subsystems. It would be stationed at one of the designated OTEC sites, and would transmit the generated electricity to the shore power networks by means of an electrical transmission cable. The objective of the present study is to investigate the station-keeping subsystem (SKSS) requirements and develop preliminary SKSS designs for the two Modular Experiment Plant (MEP) candidates of 10/40 MW/sub e/ capacity for deployment at a specific site. The two MEP hull candidates are a Barge type platform and a Spar shaped hull with external heat exchangers. The specific site assigned for this study is Puerto Rico. The preliminary SKSS designs are developed for both platforms as follows: (1) an 8-leg spread catenary mooring system for the Spar, and (2) a 12-leg spread catenary mooring system for the Barge. Applicability of these designs to larger capacity commercial OTEC platforms is also investigated.

  18. Dynamic interaction between an OTEC power plant and a power grid. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-08-31

    The objectives of the research reported are: to identify and resolve potential technical problems that may arise from the incorporation of an OTEC power plant in the existing generation mix of Puerto Rico and to develop the tools and to identify the technical resources needed for dynamic analysis of island power systems to which OTEC power plants provide a substantial portion of the load demand. The issues addressed are system modelling and data gathering, network simplification, selection of OTEC plant site and power system, stability analysis, and economic dispatch when OTEC power plants contribute substantially to the island's load. The slow dynamics of the OTEC plant make it a reference for the rest of the power system during a transient, but this slowness is a drawback in terms of system recovery from fault-induced transients. It is found that simple dynamic models can, in most instances, describe the transient behavior of both the OTEC plant and the island's power system, but it was not possible to reduce the non-OTEC portion of the power system to a single generation point and a single load. (LEW)

  19. Solar in Remote Applications in the U.S.: Challenges & Implications for Local Policy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Since the landfall of Hurricane Sandy in October 2012, municipalities and jurisdictions in the United States have been increasingly focused on the vulnerability of their electricity infrastructure and enhancing resilience to extreme events. Renewable energy and distributed generation resources have a critical role to play in increasing the resilience of electric grids. In remote areas and on islands, these issues have risen to the forefront because remote electric grids function in near isolation, making grid reliability, electricity supply, cost controls, and stability essential. The integration of such resources into smaller, isolated grids poses unique challenges given the relatively high penetration rates of solar photovoltaics (PV). In the U.S. these remote locations include Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam, Marianas, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, communities off the coast of Maine and Massachusetts, mainland communities in Alaska, and even U.S. government installations such as national parks and military bases. This paper explores how policy makers and planners interested in furthering grid resilience and increasing reliance on renewable energy resources can learn from the opportunities and challenges facing remote communities as they work to shift their generation mix to higher levels of solar PV.

  20. U.S. Solar Market Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larry Sherwood

    2006-07-01

    U.S. solar installations by technology are detailed for 1998???¢????????2005. The growth and state distribution of installations are different for the three primary solar sectors: ???¢???????¢ photovoltaics, ???¢???????¢ solar water heating and space heating, and ???¢???????¢ solar pool heating. Photovoltaic installations have grown steadily. Since 2001, grid-connected installations grew at an average rate of 52%. California has 79% of the installations, with Arizona, New Jersey, New York, Illinois, Massachusetts, and Oregon accounting for most of the remaining installations. The offgrid growth has been steady, but significantly lower. Solar water heating and solar space heating installations have shown little growth since 1997. Hawaii dominates, with 41% of the market. Other states with a large number of installations include Puerto Rico, California, Florida, and Arizona. Solar pool heating accounts for the largest number of installations and has grown at an average rate of 13% since 1997. Installations in California and Florida are 75% of the pool heating market.

  1. U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management's Tribal Interactions - 12513

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gil, April; Shafer, David; Elmer, John

    2012-07-01

    Effective government-to-government interactions with tribal nations and maintaining stakeholder relations with members of tribes are increasingly important to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM). As of October 2011, LM was responsible for long-term surveillance and maintenance of 87 sites and facilities in the continental U.S. and Puerto Rico, including some sites on tribal lands. The sites on tribal lands can affect natural resources that are managed or used by tribes, or the sites can potentially affect areas of cultural significance to tribal nations in Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. Tribes are separate sovereign governments recognized in the U.S. Constitution and are significant stakeholders for LM sites. The tribes are individual nations with diverse histories, cultures, customs, religions, and laws. LM has regular communication with the affected tribes to inform members of issues, to allow the tribe to participate in decision making, to provide technical reviews, and to ensure tribal concerns are addressed. Four LM sites are in the Navajo Nation. Three of those sites contain uranium mill tailings disposal cells regulated under long-term surveillance and maintenance programs that require monitoring and annual inspections. The fourth site was remediated but still has a groundwater plume that LM is responsible for. DOE and LM have worked with the Navajo Nation for almost 30 years on technical issues and to ensure tribal concerns are addressed. (authors)

  2. Annotated bibliography of coal in the Caribbean region. [Lignite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orndorff, R.C.

    1985-01-01

    The purpose of preparing this annotated bibliography was to compile information on coal localities for the Caribbean region used for preparation of a coal map of the region. Also, it serves as a brief reference list of publications for future coal studies in the Caribbean region. It is in no way an exhaustive study or complete listing of coal literature for the Caribbean. All the material was gathered from published literature with the exception of information from Cuba which was supplied from a study by Gordon Wood of the US Geological Survey, Branch of Coal Resources. Following the classification system of the US Geological Survey (Wood and others, 1983), the term coal resources has been used in this report for reference to general estimates of coal quantities even though authors of the material being annotated may have used the term coal reserves in a similar denotation. The literature ranges from 1857 to 1981. The countries listed include Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and the countries of Central America.

  3. Integrating Steel Production with Mineral Carbon Sequestration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klaus Lackner; Paul Doby; Tuncel Yegulalp; Samuel Krevor; Christopher Graves

    2008-05-01

    The objectives of the project were (i) to develop a combination iron oxide production and carbon sequestration plant that will use serpentine ores as the source of iron and the extraction tailings as the storage element for CO2 disposal, (ii) the identification of locations within the US where this process may be implemented and (iii) to create a standardized process to characterize the serpentine deposits in terms of carbon disposal capacity and iron and steel production capacity. The first objective was not accomplished. The research failed to identify a technique to accelerate direct aqueous mineral carbonation, the limiting step in the integration of steel production and carbon sequestration. Objective (ii) was accomplished. It was found that the sequestration potential of the ultramafic resource surfaces in the US and Puerto Rico is approximately 4,647 Gt of CO2 or over 500 years of current US production of CO2. Lastly, a computer model was developed to investigate the impact of various system parameters (recoveries and efficiencies and capacities of different system components) and serpentinite quality as well as incorporation of CO2 from sources outside the steel industry.

  4. Evaluation of the State Energy Conservation Program from program initiation to September 1978. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heller, James N.; Grossmann, John R.; Shochet, Susan; Bresler, Joel; Duggan, Noreene

    1980-03-01

    The State Energy Conservation Program was established in 1975 to promote energy conservation and to help states develop and implement their own conservation programs. Base (5) and supplemental (3) programs required states to implement programs including: mandatory thermal-efficiency standards and insulation requirements for new and renovated buildings; mandatory lighting efficiency standards for public buildings; mandatory standards and policies affecting the procurement practices of the state and its political subdivisions; program measures to promote the availability and use of carpools, vanpools, and public transportation; a traffic law or regulation which permits a right turn-on-red; and procedures to carry out a continuing public education effort to increase awareness of energy conservation; procedures which promote effective coordination among local, state, and Federal energy conservation programs; and procedures for carrying out energy audits on buildings and industrial plants. All 50 states and Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the District of Columbia participated in the program. The total 1980 energy savings projected by the states is about 5.9 quadrillion Btu's or about 7% of the DOE projected 1980 baseline consumption of just under 83 quads. The detailed summary is presented on the following: information the SECP evaluation; DOE response to the SECP; DOE's role in the program management process; the effectiveness of the states in managing the SECP; the status of program measure implementation; innovative state energy conservation programs; and the evaluation methodology.

  5. Tropical forest soil microbial communities couple iron and carbon biogeochemistry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dubinsky, E.A.; Silver, W.L.; Firestone, M.K.

    2009-10-15

    We report that iron-reducing bacteria are primary mediators of anaerobic carbon oxidation in upland tropical soils spanning a rainfall gradient (3500 - 5000 mm yr-1) in northeast Puerto Rico. The abundant rainfall and high net primary productivity of these tropical forests provide optimal soil habitat for iron-reducing and iron-oxidizing bacteria. Spatially and temporally dynamic redox conditions make iron-transforming microbial communities central to the belowground carbon cycle in these wet tropical forests. The exceedingly high abundance of iron-reducing bacteria (up to 1.2 x 10{sup 9} cells per gram soil) indicated that they possess extensive metabolic capacity to catalyze the reduction of iron minerals. In soils from the higher rainfall sites, measured rates of ferric iron reduction could account for up to 44 % of organic carbon oxidation. Iron reducers appeared to compete with methanogens when labile carbon availability was limited. We found large numbers of bacteria that oxidize reduced iron at sites with high rates of iron reduction and large numbers of iron-reducers. the coexistence of large populations of ironreducing and iron-oxidizing bacteria is evidence for rapid iron cycling between its reduced and oxidized states, and suggests that mutualistic interactions among these bacteria ultimately fuel organic carbon oxidation and inhibit CH4 production in these upland tropical forests.

  6. Survival and distribution of Vibrio cholerae in a tropical rain forest stream

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perez-Rosas, N.; Hazen, T.C.

    1988-12-31

    For 12 months Vibrio cholerae and fecal coliforms were monitored along with 9 other water quality parameters at 12 sites in a rain forest watershed in Puerto Rico. Densities of V. cholerae and fecal coliforms were not significantly correlated even though the highest densities of both bacteria were found at a sewage outfall. High densities of V. cholerae were also found at pristine sites high in the watershed. V. cholerae and Escherichia coli were inoculated into membrane diffusion chambers, placed at two sites and monitored for 5 days on two different occasions. Two different direct count methods indicated that the density of E. coli and V. cholerae did not change significantly during the course of either study. Physiological activity, as measured by INT-reduction and relative nucleic acid composition declined for E. coli during the first 12 h then increased and remained variable during the remainder of the study. V. cholerae activity, as measured by relative nucleic acid concentrations, remained high and unchanged for the entire study. INT-reduction in V. cholerae declined initially but regained nearly all of it`s original activity within 48 h. This study suggests that V. cholerae is an indigenous organism in tropical freshwaters and that assays other than fecal coliforms or E. coli must be used for assessing public health risk in tropical waters.

  7. Autecology of Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus in tropical waters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rivera, S.; Lugo, T.; Hazen, T.C.

    1988-12-31

    Water and shellfish samples collected from estuaries, mangroves, and beaches along the coast of Puerto Rico were examined for Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. An array of water quality parameters were also measured simultaneous with bacteria sampling. Both species of vibrio were associated with estuary and mangrove locations, and neither was isolated from sandy beaches. Densities of V. vulnificus were negatively correlated with salinity, 10--15 ppt being optimal. V. parahaemolyticus was isolated from sites with salinities between 20 and 35 ppt, the highest densities occurring at 20 ppt. Densities of Vibrio spp. and V. parahaemolyticus for a tropical estuary surpassed those reported for temperate estuaries by several orders of magnitude. Both densities of total Vibrio spp. and V. parahaemolyticus in the water were directly related to densities of fecal coliforms, unlike V. vulnificus. The incidence of ONPG(+) strains among sucrose({minus}) Vibrio spp. served as an indicator of the frequency of V. vulnificus in this group. More than 63% of the V. vulnificus isolated were pathogenic. V. vulnificus and V. parahaemolyticus occupy clearly separate niches within the tropical estuarine-marine ecosystem.

  8. High resolution capillary column development for selective separations in gas chromatography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Przybyciel, M.

    1985-01-01

    A review of techniques for the preparation of high resolution capillary columns for gas chromatography is presented. Surface roughing, surface deactivation, stationary phase coating, and stationary phase crosslinking are discussed. Criteria for the selection of GC stationary phases and procedures for column evaluation are presented. A method is proposed for the isolation and determination of crude oil contamination in tropical plants and sediments. The method uses Florisil (TM) chromatography for the simultaneous clean-up and fractionation of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons. Crosslinked SE-54 fused silica capillary columns prepared in our laboratory were employed for all GC separations. Mass spectrometry was used to help locate and identify specific oil components despite the intense background of the chromatogram. Crude oil components were identified in extracts of mangrove plant samples collected from the Peck Slip oil spill site at Media Munda, Puerto Rico. Crude oil components were also identified in sediment samples from controlled oil spill of Prudhoe Bay oil at Laguna de Chiriqui, Panama.

  9. Enteric viruses in a mangrove lagoon, survival and shellfish incidence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lopez de Cardona, I.; Bermudez, M.; Billmire, E.; Hazen, T.C.

    1988-12-31

    Mangrove oysters (Crassostrea rhizophorae) were screened for enteric viruses. For 18 months oysters were collected from Cano Boqueron, a tropical mangrove lagoon on the southwest coast of Puerto Rico. This popular tourist resort has two primary sewage treatment plants which service 158 single family cabanas. In spite of the heavy seasonal input of sewage to Cano Boqueron and high densities of fecal coliform bacteria, enteric viruses were not detected in shellfish meat. Because no viruses were detected in the oysters, a virus survival study was performed. Poliovirus type 1 was placed in diffusion chambers in situ at two sites in Cano Boqueron. More than 95% of the poliovirus inactivation occurred within 24 h. Virus inactivation was significantly different by site, indicating different inactivation rates within the lagoon. Chamber studies done simultaneously with Escherichia coli did not reveal differences between sites. It is suggested that the sewage effluent had an antiviral effect in the absence of an antibacterial effect. This study demonstrates the importance for establishing microbial contamination standards for shellfish growing waters in the tropics based upon in situ studies with tropical species, e.g. mangrove oyster.

  10. U.S. Solar Market Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larry Sherwood

    2010-04-01

    Grid-connected photovoltaic installations grew by 40% in 2009 compared with installations in 2008. California and New Jersey have the largest markets. Growth occurred in the residential and utility markets, but non-residential customer-sited installations did not change compared with the installations in 2008. Two small solar thermal electric plants were connected to the grid in 2009 with a combined capacity of 7 MW. The future prospects for solar thermal electric plants look bright, although developers are not expected to complete any new large plants until at least 2011. Solar water heating and solar space heating annual installations grew by 40% in 2008 compared with 2007. Hawaii, California, Puerto Rico, and Florida dominate this market. Solar pool heating annual installation capacity fell by 1% in 2008 following a dramatic decline of 15% in solar pool heating capacity in 2007 compared with 2006. Florida and California are the largest markets for solar pool heating. The economic decline in the real estate markets in Florida and California likely led to the decrease in pool installations and thus the dramatic decline in capacity installed of solar pool systems in 2007.

  11. Preliminary systems engineering evaluations for the National Ecological Observatory Network.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robertson, Perry J.; Kottenstette, Richard Joseph; Crouch, Shannon M.; Brocato, Robert Wesley; Zak, Bernard Daniel; Osborn, Thor D.; Ivey, Mark D.; Gass, Karl Leslie; Heller, Edwin J.; Dishman, James Larry; Schubert, William Kent; Zirzow, Jeffrey A.

    2008-11-01

    The National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) is an ambitious National Science Foundation sponsored project intended to accumulate and disseminate ecologically informative sensor data from sites among 20 distinct biomes found within the United States and Puerto Rico over a period of at least 30 years. These data are expected to provide valuable insights into the ecological impacts of climate change, land-use change, and invasive species in these various biomes, and thereby provide a scientific foundation for the decisions of future national, regional, and local policy makers. NEON's objectives are of substantial national and international importance, yet they must be achieved with limited resources. Sandia National Laboratories was therefore contracted to examine four areas of significant systems engineering concern; specifically, alternatives to commercial electrical utility power for remote operations, approaches to data acquisition and local data handling, protocols for secure long-distance data transmission, and processes and procedures for the introduction of new instruments and continuous improvement of the sensor network. The results of these preliminary systems engineering evaluations are presented, with a series of recommendations intended to optimize the efficiency and probability of long-term success for the NEON enterprise.

  12. Conceptual designs for modular OTEC SKSS. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-02-29

    This volume presents the results of the first phase of the Station Keeping Subsystem (SKSS) design study for 40 MW/sub e/ capacity Modular Experiment OTEC Platforms. The objectives of the study were: (1) establishment of basic design requirements; (2) verification of technical feasibility of SKSS designs; (3) identification of merits and demerits; (4) estimates of sizes for major components; (5) estimates of life cycle costs; (6) deployment scenarios and time/cost/risk assessments; (7) maintenance/repair and replacement scenarios; (8) identifications of interface with other OTEC subsystems; (9) recommendations for and major problems in preliminary design; and (10) applicability of concepts to commercial plant SKSS designs. A brief site suitability study was performed with the objective of determining the best possible location at the Punta Tuna (Puerto Rico) site from the standpoint of anchoring. This involved studying the vicinity of the initial location in relation to the prevailing bottom slopes and distances from shore. All subsequent studies were performed for the final selected site. The two baseline OTEC platforms were the APL BARGE and the G and C SPAR. The results of the study are presented in detail. The overall objective of developing two conceptual designs for each of the two baseline OTEC platforms has been accomplished. Specifically: (1) a methodology was developed for conceptual designs and followed to the extent possible. At this stage, a full reliability/performance/optimization analysis based on a probabilistic approach was not used due to the numerous SKSS candidates to be evaluated. A deterministic approach was used. (2) For both of the two baseline platforms, the APL BARGE and the G and C SPAR, all possible SKSS candidate concepts were considered and matrices of SKSS concepts were developed.

  13. Annual report to the President and the Congress on the State Energy Conservation Program for calendar year 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-01

    The Department is required by Section 365(c) of Title 3, Part C, of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA), 42 U.S.C. 6321-6327, as amended by Title 4, Part B of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (ECPA), to report annually to the President and the Congress on the operation of the State Energy Conservation Program. The report is to include an estimate of the energy conservation achieved, and the degree of state participation and achievement as well as a description of innovative conservation programs undertaken by individual states. Together the EPCA and the ECPA constitute the State Energy Conservation Program (SECP) which has provided the states (any one of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Territories and possessions of the United States) with funding to help establish and maintain their capability to plan, design, implement and coordinate a variety of programs and initiatives designed to promote energy conservation and efficiency at state and local levels. All states have operational programs funded under EPCA (no monies have been appropriated under ECPA since FY 1981). In addition, the majority of states have augmented the SECP with oil overcharge funding they have received over the past several years. Each state is required to provide a twenty-percent match for the Federal funds received, and its Base Plan must include the following program measures: (1) mandatory lighting efficiency standards for state public buildings; (2) programs to promote the availability and use of carpool, vanpool, and public transportation; (3) mandatory standards and policies relating to energy efficiency to govern the state procurement practices; (4) mandatory thermal efficiency standards and insulation requirements for new and renovated buildings; and (5) a traffic law or regulation, which permits the operator of a motor vehicle to turn right at a red stop light after stopping. 6 tabs.

  14. National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP) Networks: Data on the chemistry of precipitation

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The National Atmospheric Deposition Program/National Trends Network (NADP/NTN) is a nationwide network of sites collecting data on the chemistry of precipitation for monitoring of geographical and temporal long-term trends. The precipitation at each station is collected weekly according to strict clean-handling procedures. It is then sent to the Central Analytical Laboratory where it is analyzed for hydrogen (acidity as pH), sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, chloride, and base cations (such as calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium). The network is a cooperative effort between many different groups, including the State Agricultural Experiment Stations, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and numerous other governmental and private entities. DOE is one of these cooperating agencies, though it plays a smaller funding role than some of the other federal sources. Since 1978, the NADP/NTN has grown from 22 stations to over 250 sites spanning the continental United States, Alaska, and Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The National Atmospheric Deposition Program has also expanded its sampling to two additional networks: 1) the Mercury Deposition Network (MDN), currently with over 90 sites, was formed in 1995 to collect weekly samples of precipitation which are analyzed by Frontier Geosciences for total mercury, and 2) the Atmospheric Integrated Research Monitoring Network (AIRMoN), formed for the purpose of studying precipitation chemistry trends with greater temporal resolution than the NTN. [taken from the NADP History and Overview page at http://nadp.sws.uiuc.edu/nadpoverview.asp] Data from these networks are freely available in via customized search interfaces linked to interactive maps of the stations in the three networks. Animated Isopleth maps in Flash and PowerPoint are also available to display concentrations and depositions various substances such as sulfate, nitrate, etc. (Specialized Interface)

  15. Determination of a cost-effective air pollution control technology for the control of VOC and HAP emissions from a steroids processing plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamel, T.M.

    1997-12-31

    A steroids processing plant located in northeastern Puerto Rico emits a combined average of 342 lb/hr of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from various process operations. The approach that this facility used to implement maximum achievable control technology (MACT) may assist others who must contend with MACT for pharmaceutical or related manufacturing facilities. Federal air regulations define MACT standards for stationary sources emitting any of 189 HAPs. The MACT standards detailed in the NESHAPs are characterized by industry and type of emission control system or technology. It is anticipated that the standard will require HAP reductions of approximately 95%. The steroid plant`s emissions include the following pollutant loadings: VOC/HAP Emission Rate (lb/hr): Methanol 92.0; Acetone 35.0; Methylene chloride 126.0; Chloroform 25.0; Ethyl acetate 56.0; Tetrahydrofuran 5.00; and 1,4-Dioxane 3.00. The facility`s existing carbon adsorption control system was nearing the end of its useful life, and the operators sought to install an air pollution control system capable of meeting MACT requirements for the pharmaceutical industry. Several stand-alone and hybrid control technologies were considered for replacement of the carbon adsorption system at the facility. This paper examines the following technologies: carbon adsorption, membrane separation, thermal oxidation, membrane separation-carbon adsorption, and condensation-carbon adsorption. Each control technology is described; the advantages and disadvantages of utilizing each technology for the steroid processing plant are examined; and capital and operating costs associated with the implementation of each technology are presented. The rationale for the technology ultimately chosen to control VOC and HAP emissions is presented.

  16. Documented Safety Analysis Addendum for the Neutron Radiography Reactor Facility Core Conversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyd D. Christensen

    2009-05-01

    The Neutron Radiography Reactor Facility (NRAD) is a Training, Research, Isotope Production, General Atomics (TRIGA) reactor which was installed in the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Hot Fuels Examination Facility (HFEF) at the Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) in the mid 1970s. The facility provides researchers the capability to examine both irradiated and non-irradiated materials in support of reactor fuel and components programs through non-destructive neutron radiography examination. The facility has been used in the past as one facet of a suite of reactor fuels and component examination facilities available to researchers at the INL and throughout the DOE complex. The facility has also served various commercial research activities in addition to the DOE research and development support. The reactor was initially constructed using Fuel Lifetime Improvement Program (FLIP)- type highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel obtained from the dismantled Puerto Rico Nuclear Center (PRNC) reactor. In accordance with international non-proliferation agreements, the NRAD core will be converted to a low enriched uranium (LEU) fuel and will continue to utilize the PRNC control rods, control rod drives, startup source, and instrument console as was previously used with the HEU core. The existing NRAD Safety Analysis Report (SAR) was created and maintained in the preferred format of the day, combining sections of both DOE-STD-3009 and Nuclear Regulatory Commission Regulatory Guide 1.70. An addendum was developed to cover the refueling and reactor operation with the LEU core. This addendum follows the existing SAR format combining required formats from both the DOE and NRC. This paper discusses the project to successfully write a compliant and approved addendum to the existing safety basis documents.

  17. Characterization of Trapped Lignin-Degrading Microbes in Tropical Forest Soil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeAngelis, Kristen; Allgaier, Martin; Chavarria, Yaucin; Fortney, Julian; Hugenholtz, Phillip; Simmons, Blake; Sublette, Kerry; Silver, Whendee; Hazen, Terry

    2011-07-14

    Lignin is often the most difficult portion of plant biomass to degrade, with fungi generally thought to dominate during late stage decomposition. Lignin in feedstock plant material represents a barrier to more efficient plant biomass conversion and can also hinder enzymatic access to cellulose, which is critical for biofuels production. Tropical rain forest soils in Puerto Rico are characterized by frequent anoxic conditions and fluctuating redox, suggesting the presence of lignin-degrading organisms and mechanisms that are different from known fungal decomposers and oxygen-dependent enzyme activities. We explored microbial lignin-degraders by burying bio-traps containing lignin-amended and unamended biosep beads in the soil for 1, 4, 13 and 30 weeks. At each time point, phenol oxidase and peroxidase enzyme activity was found to be elevated in the lignin-amended versus the unamended beads, while cellulolytic enzyme activities were significantly depressed in lignin-amended beads. Quantitative PCR of bacterial communities showed more bacterial colonization in the lignin-amended compared to the unamended beads after one and four weeks, suggesting that the lignin supported increased bacterial abundance. The microbial community was analyzed by small subunit 16S ribosomal RNA genes using microarray (PhyloChip) and by high-throughput amplicon pyrosequencing based on universal primers targeting bacterial, archaeal, and eukaryotic communities. Community trends were significantly affected by time and the presence of lignin on the beads. Lignin-amended beads have higher relative abundances of representatives from the phyla Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Acidobacteria and Proteobacteria compared to unamended beads. This study suggests that in low and fluctuating redox soils, bacteria could play a role in anaerobic lignin decomposition.

  18. Characterization of trapped lignin-degrading microbes in tropical forest soil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeAngelis, K.M.; Allgaier, M.; Chavarria, Y.; Fortney, J.L.; Hugenholz, P.; Simmons, B.; Sublette, K.; Silver, W.L.; Hazen, T.C.

    2011-03-01

    Lignin is often the most difficult portion of plant biomass to degrade, with fungi generally thought to dominate during late stage decomposition. Lignin in feedstock plant material represents a barrier to more efficient plant biomass conversion and can also hinder enzymatic access to cellulose, which is critical for biofuels production. Tropical rain forest soils in Puerto Rico are characterized by frequent anoxic conditions and fluctuating redox, suggesting the presence of lignin-degrading organisms and mechanisms that are different from known fungal decomposers and oxygen-dependent enzyme activities. We explored microbial lignin-degraders by burying bio-traps containing lignin-amended and unamended biosep beads in the soil for 1, 4, 13 and 30 weeks. At each time point, phenol oxidase and peroxidase enzyme activity was found to be elevated in the lignin-amended versus the unamended beads, while cellulolytic enzyme activities were significantly depressed in lignin-amended beads. Quantitative PCR of bacterial communities showed more bacterial colonization in the lignin-amended compared to the unamended beads after one and four weeks, suggesting that the lignin supported increased bacterial abundance. The microbial community was analyzed by small subunit 16S ribosomal RNA genes using microarray (PhyloChip) and by high-throughput amplicon pyrosequencing based on universal primers targeting bacterial, archaeal, and eukaryotic communities. Community trends were significantly affected by time and the presence of lignin on the beads. Lignin-amended beads have higher relative abundances of representatives from the phyla Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Acidobacteria and Proteobacteria compared to unamended beads. This study suggests that in low and fluctuating redox soils, bacteria could play a role in anaerobic lignin decomposition.

  19. Center for Sustainable Transport of Mexico | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Transport of Mexico Jump to: navigation, search Name: Center for Sustainable Transport of Mexico Address: Felipe Carrillo Puerto 54 04000 Mexico City Mexico Place: Mexico Website:...

  20. RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ISLANDS, U.S.",5,0,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING ",1,130,"Motor Gas, Conventional, Other",4909,"SAN JUAN, PR","PUERTO...

  1. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Missouri Montana N. Mariana Islands Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Palau Pennsylvania Puerto...

  2. The Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) was established in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Puerto Rican, American Indian, Eskimo, Oriental, or Aleut or is a Spanish speaking individual of Spanish descent; "(2) 'minority business enterprise' means a firm, corporation, ...

  3. Nuclear Facilities | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nuclear Facilities Nuclear Facilities Nuclear Facilities Locator Map Numerical map data points indicate two or more nuclear facilities in the same geographic location. Nuclear Facilities List: Argonne National Laboratory East Tennessee Technology Park Hanford Idaho Site Los Alamos National Laboratory Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Nevada National Security Site New Brunswick Laboratory Oak Ridge National Laboratory cont. Paducah Pantex Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Portsmouth

  4. CX-000723: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Near-Surface Leakage Monitoring for the Verification and Accounting of Geologic Carbon Sequestration Using a Field Ready Carbon-14 Isotopic Analyzer (Rutgers University)CX(s) Applied: B3.6Date: 01/07/2010Location(s): New Brunswick, New JerseyOffice(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory

  5. Microsoft PowerPoint - spp_presentation.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SPP Presentation 2 Southwestern Regional Hydropower Conference Kansas City, Missouri June 7-8, 2006 Ron Ciesiel Director of Compliance Southwest Power Pool 3 Organization Registration Generation Owners and Generation Operators 4 United States Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Mexico Comision Reguladora de Energia Canada NEB, Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Quebec, and Saskatchewan Electric Reliability Organization Overview Electric Reliability

  6. DOE research and development report. Progress report, October 1984-September 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-04-01

    This report summarizes the mission activities of the New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) of the US Department of Energy. NBL's mission is to provide and maintain a nuclear material measurements and standards laboratory as a technical extension of federal programmtic responsibilities to assure the application of accurate and reliable measurement technology for the safeguarding of special nuclear materials.

  7. Multiple soil nutrient competition between plants, microbes, and mineral surfaces: model development, parameterization, and example applications in several tropical forests

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhu, Q.; Riley, W. J.; Tang, J.; Koven, C. D.

    2015-03-05

    Soil is a complex system where biotic (e.g., plant roots, micro-organisms) and abiotic (e.g., mineral surfaces) consumers compete for resources necessary for life (e.g., nitrogen, phosphorus). This competition is ecologically significant, since it regulates the dynamics of soil nutrients and controls aboveground plant productivity. Here we develop, calibrate, and test a nutrient competition model that accounts for multiple soil nutrients interacting with multiple biotic and abiotic consumers. As applied here for tropical forests, the Nutrient COMpetition model (N-COM) includes three primary soil nutrients (NH4+, NO3?, and POx (representing the sum of PO43?, HPO42?, and H2PO4?)) and five potential competitors (plantmoreroots, decomposing microbes, nitrifiers, denitrifiers, and mineral surfaces). The competition is formulated with a quasi-steady-state chemical equilibrium approximation to account for substrate (multiple substrates share one consumer) and consumer (multiple consumers compete for one substrate) effects. N-COM successfully reproduced observed soil heterotrophic respiration, N2O emissions, free phosphorus, sorbed phosphorus, and free NH4+ at a tropical forest site (Tapajos). The overall model posterior uncertainty was moderately well constrained. Our sensitivity analysis revealed that soil nutrient competition was primarily regulated by consumer-substrate affinity rather than environmental factors such as soil temperature or soil moisture. Our results imply that the competitiveness (from most to least competitive) followed this order: (1) for NH4+, nitrifiers ~ decomposing microbes > plant roots, (2) for NO3?, denitrifiers ~ decomposing microbes > plant roots, (3) for POx, mineral surfaces > decomposing microbes ~ plant roots. Although smaller, plant relative competitiveness is of the same order of magnitude as microbes. We then applied the N-COM model to analyze field nitrogen and phosphorus perturbation experiments in two tropical forest sites (in Hawaii and Puerto Rico) not used in model development or calibration. Under soil inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus elevated conditions, the model accurately replicated the experimentally observed competition among different nutrient consumers. Although we used as many observations as we could obtain, more nutrient addition experiments in tropical systems would greatly benefit model testing and calibration. In summary, the N-COM model provides an ecologically consistent representation of nutrient competition appropriate for land BGC models integrated in Earth System Models.less

  8. Final Report for EPSCoR Implementation Award DE-FG02-08ER46528 to University of Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Egami, Takeshi

    2015-12-15

    With the completion of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) and upgrading of the High-Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) the state of Tennessee now leads the world in the capability of neutron scattering research. This project aimed at directing the great impact of these facilities to researchers in the EPSCoR states, Tennessee in particular, by creating a research collaboration network around these facilities. The plan consisted of two parts: (1) Direct effort to increase the user base through the travel fellowship for graduate students and faculty from the EPSCoR states to use the neutron facilities at the ORNL, and through workshops and schools on the application of neutron scattering, and (2) Research collaboration among the core participants from UTK, ORNL and other states. The EPSCoR Travel Fellowship Program has supported over 300 distinct and 600 cumulative neutron facility users and over 250 workshop participants, with the total of nearly 600 distinct recipients. This program has been highly popular particularly among young faculty members who often have difficulty in raising travel funds, and enabled participation of young graduate students to neutron research. This program has been the foundation of this project. We supported several educational workshops, organized one (“neutrons for novice”) by ourselves each year, targeting non-users of neutron scattering. These efforts significantly contributed to expand the neutron user base among the EPSCoR states. The core research targeted condensed matter physics and soft matter sciences. The core research groups participating in this project include not only researchers from Tennessee but those from Kansas, South Carolina, Puerto Rico and Louisiana, making this project a national, rather than regional, enterprise. Collaborations that were seeded by this project have grown into two major projects, one in materials science (irradiation effects on high-entropy alloys) and the other in soft matter sciences (bio-membranes). Through this project we promoted the use of neutron scattering, particularly in biological and life sciences and in energy sciences, and facilitated the DOE investment in this field to impact wide fields of science and engineering. This project was administered through the Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences (JINS) of the University of Tennessee (UT) and ORNL. JINS is jointly supported by both UT and ORNL, and participate in organizing workshops and schools to promote the use of neutron scattering.

  9. Large fluxes and rapid turnover of mineral-associated carbon across topographic gradients in a humid tropical forest: insights from paired 14C analysis

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Hall, S. J.; McNicol, G.; Natake, T.; Silver, W. L.

    2015-04-29

    It has been proposed that the large soil carbon (C) stocks of humid tropical forests result predominantly from C stabilization by reactive minerals, whereas oxygen (O2) limitation of decomposition has received much less attention. We examined the importance of these factors in explaining patterns of C stocks and turnover in the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico, using radiocarbon (14C) measurements of contemporary and archived samples. Samples from ridge, slope, and valley positions spanned three soil orders (Ultisol, Oxisol, Inceptisol) representative of humid tropical forests, and differed in texture, reactive metal content, O2 availability, and root biomass. Mineral-associated C comprised themore » large majority (87 ± 2%, n = 30) of total soil C. Turnover of most mineral-associated C (66 ± 2%) was rapid (11 to 26 years; mean and SE: 18 ± 3 years) in 25 of 30 soil samples across surface horizons (0–10 and 10–20 cm depths) and all topographic positions, independent of variation in reactive metal concentrations and clay content. Passive C with centennial–millennial turnover was typically much less abundant (34 ± 3%), even at 10–20 cm depths. Carbon turnover times and concentrations significantly increased with concentrations of reduced iron (Fe(II)) across all samples, suggesting that O2 availability may have limited the decomposition of mineral-associated C over decadal scales. Steady-state inputs of mineral-associated C were statistically similar among the three topographic positions, and could represent 10–25% of annual litter production. Observed trends in mineral-associated Δ14C over time could not be fit using the single-pool model used in many other studies, which generated contradictory relationships between turnover and Δ14C as compared with a more realistic two-pool model. The large C fluxes in surface and near-surface soils documented here are supported by findings from paired 14C studies in other types of ecosystems, and suggest that most mineral-associated C cycles relatively rapidly (decadal scales) across ecosystems that span a broad range of state factors.« less

  10. Large fluxes and rapid turnover of mineral-associated carbon across topographic gradients in a humid tropical forest: insights from paired 14C analysis

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Hall, S. J.; McNicol, G.; Natake, T.; Silver, W. L.

    2015-01-16

    It has been proposed that the large soil carbon (C) stocks of humid tropical forests result predominantly from C stabilization by reactive minerals, whereas oxygen (O2) limitation of decomposition has received much less attention. We examined the importance of these factors in explaining patterns of C stocks and turnover in the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico, using radiocarbon (14C) measurements of contemporary and archived samples. Samples from ridge, slope, and valley positions spanned three soil orders (Ultisol, Oxisol, Inceptisol) representative of humid tropical forests, and differed in texture, reactive metal content, O2 availability, and root biomass. Mineral-associated C comprised themore » large majority (87 ± 2%, n = 30) of total soil C. Turnover of most mineral-associated C (74 ± 4%) was rapid (9 to 29 years, mean and SE 20 ± 2 years) in 25 of 30 soil samples across surface horizons (0–10 and 10–20 cm depths) and all topographic positions, independent of variation in reactive metal concentrations and clay content. Passive C with centennial – millennial turnover was much less abundant (26%), even at 10–20 cm depths. Carbon turnover times and concentrations significantly increased with concentrations of reduced iron (Fe(II)) across all samples, suggesting that O2 availability may have limited the decomposition of mineral associated C over decadal scales. Steady-state inputs of mineral-associated C were similar among the three topographic positions, and could represent 10–30% of annual litterfall production (estimated by doubling aboveground litterfall). Observed trends in mineral-associated Δ14C over time could not be fit using the single pool model used in many other studies, which generated contradictory relationships between turnover and Δ14C as compared with a more realistic constrained two-pool model. The large C fluxes in surface and near-surface soils implied by our data suggest that other studies using single-pool Δ14C models of mineral-associated C dynamics, unconstrained by multiple time points, may have systematically underestimated C turnover.« less

  11. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Stochastic Techniques to the ARM Cloud- Radiation Parameterization Problem D. Vernon, J. Secora, M. Foster, J. F. Brodie, and C. Weaver Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey New Brunswick, New Jersey F. Veron University of Delaware Newark, Delaware Introduction Stochastic shortwave radiative transfer through cloud fields has been shown to be a promising approach for modeling cloud-radiation interactions when the cloud field has a horizontal fraction between 0.2 and 0.8. The improvement of

  12. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Linking Cloud-Radiation Parameterization Performance to Large-Scale Dynamics D.E. Veron College of Marine Studies, University of Delaware Newark, Delaware M. Foster Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey New Brunswick, New Jersey Abstract Parameterization of cloud-radiation interactions in an atmospheric general circulation model using a stochastic approach allows for a statistical representation of cloud field geometry. Previous work indicates that the stochastic approach to

  13. No Slide Title

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MACRO MARINE BOUNDARY LAYER CLOUD MACRO - - SCALE STRUCTURE SCALE STRUCTURE DURING THE AMF POINT REYES DEPLOYMENT DURING THE AMF POINT REYES DEPLOYMENT Michael Jensen 1 , Andrew M. Vogelmann 1 , Edward P. Luke 1 , Patrick Minnis 2 , Mark A. Miller 3 , Mandana Khaiyer 4 , Louis Nguyen 2 and Rabindra Palikonda 2,4 1 Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, 2 NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 3 Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, 4 Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Hampton,

  14. 2013 Annual Planning Summary for the National Energy Technology Laboratory

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    | Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory 2013 Annual Planning Summary for the National Energy Technology Laboratory The ongoing and projected Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements for 2013 and 2014 within the National Energy Technology Laboratory. The National Energy Technology Laboratory's APS was consolidated within the Office of Fossils Energy APS available here More Documents & Publications 2013 Annual Planning Summary for the New Brunswick

  15. Department of Energy Science Offices, Programs and Allocation Managers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Department of Energy Other Major Laboratories and Facilities DOE National Laboratories A - L DOE National Laboratories N - T Other Major Laboratories and Facilities In addition to the seventeen Department of Energy (DOE) National Laboratories, DOE has four other major laboratories and facilities. This high-level compilation of their history and achievements provides insights into their previous successes and continuing efforts. dropdown listing New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) History About

  16. Surface-Based Remote Sensing of the Aerosol Indirect Effect at Southern Great Plains

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Surface-Based Remote Sensing of the Aerosol Indirect Effect at Southern Great Plains G. Feingold and W. L. Eberhard National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado D. E. Vernon and M. Previdi Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Jersey Abstract We have demonstrated first measurements of the aerosol indirect effect using ground-based remote sensors at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. The response of non-precipitating, ice-free clouds to

  17. stenchikov-98.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 The Study of Regional Climate and Chemical Processes with Single-Column Models G. Stenchikov, S. Gray, M. Gamazaychikov, and R. Park University of Maryland College Park, Maryland A. Robock. Rutgers University New Brunswick, New Jersey Observations show that the diurnal cycle of surface air temperature changes as climate changes, with the diurnal range becoming smaller as the climate warms. We investi- gated the causes of this behavior using a single-column model (SCM). Our previous results

  18. CV_Kaita_2012

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Robert Kaita Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory 27 LeValley Drive P. O. Box 451 Manalapan, NJ 07726 Princeton, NJ 08543-0451 Citizenship: U. S. A. EDUCATION: 1978: Doctor of Philosophy (Thesis in Experimental Nuclear Physics) Department of Physics, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 1973: Bachelor of Science (Departmental Honors in Physics) State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY EXPERIENCE: 1990-Present: Principal Research Physicist, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

  19. Progress report for the period October 1982-September 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-05-01

    The mission activities of the New Brunswick Laboratory to provide and maintain a standards and measurements laboratory in support of the programmatic responsibilities of the Department of Energy, Office of Safeguards and Security, the regulatory functions of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, and the international commitments of the US to assure the application of accurate and reliable measurement technology in the safeguarding of special nuclear materials are summarized.

  20. HTGR green rod intercomparison. I. Hydrogen assay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, M.M.; Adams, E.L.

    1981-01-01

    A /sup 252/Cf hydrogen monitor has been used to determine the hydrogen content of each of the 144 unfired (green) fuel rods being circulated in the New Brunswick Laboratory fuel measurement evaluation program. The monitor was calibrated with standards fabricated by Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL) Analytical Chemistry Group, CMB-1. Measurements were made relative to these standards and overall accuracies of +-3% were achieved.

  1. Beyond Tesla and Edison: Other Luminaries from the Age of Electricity |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Beyond Tesla and Edison: Other Luminaries from the Age of Electricity Beyond Tesla and Edison: Other Luminaries from the Age of Electricity November 25, 2013 - 1:30pm Addthis Electricity pioneer Charles Proteus Steinmetz (center in light-colored suit) poses with Albert Einstein (immediate left) and other inventors at the RCA Brunswick, New Jersey, wireless station in 1921. | Photo courtesy of Franklin Township Public Library Archive. Electricity pioneer Charles Proteus

  2. CX-008816: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Renovations and Maintenance Activities for Buildings, Structures, Infrastructures and Equipment CX(s) Applied: B1.3, 61.4, 61.5, B1.11, B1.15, B1.16, B1.17, 81.22, B1.27, 62.1, B2.2, B2.3, 62.5 Date: 06/08/2012 Location(s): Illinois Offices(s): New Brunswick Laboratory

  3. Orimulsion conversion boosts prospects of `fourth` fossil fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-04-01

    This article describes how, by retrofitting a 100-MW oil-fired and a 215-MW coal-fired unit, one utility turned a plant destined for peaking service into a base-load asset with a predictable fuel bill and manageable emissions-even in environmentally sensitive Atlantic Canada. Six years ago, New Brunswick Power Corp (NB Power) found itself on the horns of a dilemma. For years, the utility had been searching for a powerplant fuel with a more stable price than oil, which at the time was fueling one-third of its generating capacity. Buying and burning more domestic coal-even at twice the price of offshore supplies-was the preferred option, because that would also help keep New Brunswick`s coal mines open. But by 1989, federal and provincial legislation had begun to plan for stringent limits on SO{sub 2} emissions that would take the local-coal card out of NB Power`s hand. Containing up to 8% sulfur, New Brunswick coal would be too dirty to burn by itself; emissions from a 200-MW unit would alone use up nearly half of the utility`s system-wide annual quota for SO{sub 2} emissions schedules for imposition in 1994. Enter Bitor America Corp, the Boca Raton (Fla) marketing subsidiary of the world`s third-largest oil company, Petroleos de Venezuela SA (PdVSA). Looking to further the fortunes of Orimulsion, a liquid emulsion of bitumen and water from the Orinoco region of Venezuela, Bitor funded and provided technical support for the first large-scale test burn of the fuel in the 100-MW Unit 1 of NB Power`s Dalhousie station in northern New Brunswick. After making the required modifications, NB Power burned Orimulsion in Unit 1 for two years. By 1991, the utility had cleanly converted more than a million barrels of the fuel to nearly half a million megawatt-hours of electricity-in the process finding few reasons not to commit to permanently converting Dalhousie`s Unit 1, as well as coal fired 215-MW Unit 2, to burn Orimulsion.

  4. DOE Chair of Excellence in Environmental Disciplines-Final Technical Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurunganty, Sastry; Loran, Roberto; Roque-Malherbe, Rolando; Hijazi, Yazan; Nieto, Santander; Gomez, Will A.; Duconge, Jose; Cotto, María del C.; Muniz, Carlos; Diaz, Francisco J.; Neira, Carlos F.; Marquez, Francisco; Del Valle, W.; Thommes, M.

    2014-02-19

    The report Massie Chair of Excellence Program at Universidad del Turabo, contract DE-FG02-95EW12610, during the period of 9/29/1995 to 9/29/2011. The initial program aims included development of academic programs in the Environmental Sciences and Engineering, and Research and Development focused initially on environmentally friendly processes and later revised also include: renewable energy and international cooperation. From 1995 -2005, the Program at UT lead the establishment of the new undergraduate program in electrical engineering at the School of Engineering (SoE), worked on requirements to achieve ABET accreditation of the SoE B.S. Mechanical Engineering and B.S. Electrical Engineering programs, mentored junior faculty, taught undergraduate courses in electrical engineering, and revised the electrical engineering curriculum. Engineering undergraduate laboratories were designed and developed. The following research sub-project was developed: Research and development of new perovskite-alumina hydrogen permeable asymmetrical nanostructured membranes for hydrogen purification, and extremely high specific surface area silica materials for hydrogen storage in the form of ammonia, Dr. Rolando Roque-Malherbe Subproject PI, Dr. Santander Nieto and Mr. Will Gómez Research Assistants. In 2006, the Massie Chair of Excellence Program was transferred to the National Nuclear Security Agency, NNSA and DNN. DoE required a revised proposal aligned with the priorities of the Administration. The revised approved program aims included: (1) Research (2) Student Development: promote the development of minority undergraduate and graduate students through research teams, internships, conferences, new courses; and, (3) Support: (a) Research administration and (b) Dissemination through international conferences, the UT Distinguished Lecturer Series in STEM fields and at the annual Universidad del Turabo (UT) Researchers Conference. Research included: Sub-Project 1: Synthesis and Characterization of low Refractive Index Aerogel Silica for Cherenkov Counters- Dr. Rolando Roque-Malherbe Sub-project PI, Dr. Jose Duconge Sub-project Co-PI, Dr. Santander Nieto Assistant Researcher, Francisco Diaz and Carlos Neira Associate Researchers. The initial aim of this sub-project was changed to the synthesis and characterization of extremely high specific surface area aerogel silica for gas storage. A high specific surface area silica gel that has applications in gas drying, cleaning operation useful in nuclear industry in process was developed. Sub-Project 2: Investigation Study of Magnetic and Electronic Transport Properties at Material Interfaces in Magnetic Multilayer Heterostructure using Gd. – Dr. Yazan Hijazi, Sub-project Co-PI. UT developed the capability and infrastructure to produce high quality thin-film magnetic films and magnetic multilayer structures with fine control over film quality and thickness using sputter deposition capability to perform in-house electric and magnetic characterization of these films. The research experimentally quantified the effect of Gd incorporation within the magnetic multilayer structure and produce magnetic media with exchanged decoupled multilevel magnetic anisotropy. From September 2006 to September 2011 the Massie Chair produced nineteen (19) publications, (including 3 books), five (5) presentations and three (3) international conferences abstracts. A total of fourteen (14) undergraduates and (6) graduate students acquired research experience. Two Ph.D. students presented their dissertations on topics related to nuclear energy and graduated as follows: María Cotto (May 2009) and Eric Calderón (May 2011). Five of the participating undergraduate students graduated: Ramon Polanco (BSME, May 2009), Jason Pérez (BSEE, May 2008), Rafael Colón (BSME, May 2008), Jessenia Marfisi (BS Chemistry, May 2008). Eleven (11) students were sent to National Laboratories (LANL, SNL and LLNL), NNSA and DoE facilities for summer internships. Twenty eight (28) undergraduate students participated in Summer Internships (2010, 2011) at the Puerto Rico Energy Center (PREC). Four international energy symposiums were held aligned with the DoE and the NNSA missions and dissemination of Massie Chair research activities (660 attendees). Academic programs developed or revised under advice of the Massie Chair: Ph.D. in Environmental Sciences (revised); MSc in Environmental Sciences (revised); MSc in Mechanical Engineering with concentration in Alternative Energy (new); BS in Industrial Management & Engineering (revised to fulfill the ABET requirements); BS in Civil Engineering including an environmental option (new); BS in Electrical Engineering (revised); and, Associate in Renewable Energy (new). The Puerto Rico Energy Center (PREC) was designed and developed under the Massie Chair initiative. Thirty-three (33) proposals were developed and submitted during the period of which 12 were approved in the amount of $ $1,931,306.

  5. North Carolina Nuclear Profile - Power Plants

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Carolina nuclear power plants, summer capacity and net generation, 2010" "Plant name/total reactors","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Share of State nuclear net generation (percent)","Owner" "Brunswick Unit 1, Unit 2","1,858","14,808",36.3,"Progress Energy Carolinas Inc" "Harris Unit 1",900,"7,081",17.4,"Progress Energy Carolinas Inc" "McGuire

  6. No cookies but lots of science at Girl Scout STEM Fair at PPPL | Princeton

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma Physics Lab No cookies but lots of science at Girl Scout STEM Fair at PPPL By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe May 27, 2014 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Atiba Brereton, a diagnostic engineer, looks on as Mackenzie Keane, left, a fourth grader from East Brunswick, N.J, and Shreya Joshi, a fifth grader from West Windsor, N.J., try their hands at a cryogenics experiment at the Girl Scout STEM Fair at PPPL on May 17. (Photo by Elle Starkman/PPPL Office of Communications) Atiba

  7. A contained sealed reflux dissolution apparatus for plutonium materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oldham, R.D.; Mitchell, W.G.; Leahy, C.K.; Narayanan, U.I.; Lewis, K.

    1991-12-01

    A containment apparatus has been designed and a procedure developed which permits the overnight operation in a tornado prone area of the sealed reflux dissolution system for the dissolution of hard-to-dissolve plutonium containing materials. A historical review of the development of the apparatus and the procedure used at the New Brunswick Laboratory is presented. The detailed operating procedure, the engineering drawings necessary to fabricate the apparatus, and the Safety Analysis Report containing a worst-case, single occurrence failure analysis are provided in the Appendices. 3 refs.

  8. SREL Reprint #3218

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8 Changes in Diameter Growth of Taxodium distichum in Response to Flow Alterations in the Savannah River Monica M. Palta1, Thomas W. Doyle2, C. Rhett Jackson3, Judy L. Meyer4, and Rebecca R. Sharitz5,6 1Department of Ecology & Evolution, Rutgers University, 14 College Farm Rd, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA 2USGS, National Wetlands Research Center, 700 Cajundome Blvd, LaFayette, LA 70506, USA 3Warnell School of Forestry, University of Georgia, 180 E Green Street, Athens, GA 30602, USA 4Odum

  9. EM-421

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    NY-W] ' qc-,p,,4 ,P -pIj i; ,./&+e~--- ,jJs AIJG 0 2 130 EM-421 Addition of Sites to FUSRAP Lester K. Price, Director Technical Services,Division Oak Ridge Operations Office Attached is a memorandum approving transfer of responsibility for the Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS) in New York and the New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) Site in New Jersey to FUSRAP. Please incorporate these sites in the FUSRAP rebaselining effort now underway. As we previously discussed, funding for NBL will provide

  10. Parameter assignments for spectral gamma-ray borehole calibration models. National Uranium Resource Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heistand, B.E.; Novak, E.F.

    1984-04-01

    This report documents the work performed to determine the newly assigned concentrations for the spectral gamma-ray borehole calibration models. Thirty-two models, maintained by the US Department of Energy, are included in this study, and are grouped into eight sets of four models each. The eight sets are located at sites across the United States, and are used to calibrate logging instruments. The assignments are based on in-situ logging data to ensure self-consistency in the assigned concentrations, and on laboratory assays of concrete samples from each model to provide traceability to the New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) standards. 13 references, 7 figures, 17 tables.

  11. Plutonium isotopic assay from alpha spectroscopy: A progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baran, D.T.

    1995-12-31

    The Non-Destructive Assay (NDA) group at New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) continues to develop and refine a computer program ALPHAFIT, a sophisticated peak-fitting routine for use in determining the isotopic abundances of Pu and U samples. The program uses up to seven parameters per peak fit and up to 12 peaks per region of interest to de-convolute typical complicated Pu a spectra. Preliminary results show decent fits for major peaks in the spectrum and calculated isotopic abundances of the major isotopes to {+-} 4%.

  12. Nondestructive assay of green HTGR fuel rods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barschall, H.H.; Meier, M.M.; Parker, J.L.

    1981-05-01

    This report describes the nondestructive (NDA) work done at Los Alamos during 1979 and 1980 as part of the New Brunswick Laboratory-sponsored evaluation of NDA of the uranium content of fabricated fuel rods for high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGR). The methods used (delayed neutron and passive gamma ray) are concisely described, and the results are summarized and compared in graphical and tabular form. The results indicate that, with the use of proper physical standards, accuracies within about 1 percent should be achievable by NDA procedures.

  13. Improved Biomass Cooking Stoves and Improved Stove Emission Equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HATFIELD, MICHAEL; Still, Dean

    2013-04-15

    In developing countries, there is an urgent need for access to safe, efficient, and more affordable cooking technologies. Nearly 2.5 billion people currently use an open fire or traditional cookstove to prepare their meals, and recent models predict that use of biomass for cooking will continue to be the dominant energy use in rural, resource-poor households through 2030. For these families, cooking poses serious risks to health, safety, and income. An alarming 4 million people, primarily women and children, die prematurely each year from indoor and outdoor exposure to the harmful emissions released by solid fuel combustion. Use of traditional stoves can also have a significant impact on deforestation and climate change. This dire situation creates a critical need for cookstoves that significantly and verifiably reduce fuel use and emissions in order to reach protective levels for human health and the environment. Additionally, advances in the scientific equipment needed to measure and monitor stove fuel use and emissions have not kept pace with the significant need within the industry. While several testing centers in the developed world may have hundred thousand-dollar emissions testing systems, organizations in the field have had little more than a thermometer, a scale, and subjective observations to quantify the performance of stove designs. There is an urgent need for easy-to-use, inexpensive, accurate, and robust stove testing equipment for use by laboratory and field researchers around the world. ASAT and their research partner, Aprovecho Research Center (ARC), have over thirty years of experience addressing these two needs, improved cookstoves and emissions monitoring equipment, with expertise spanning the full spectrum of development from conceptual design to product manufacturing and dissemination. This includes: 1) research, design, and verification of clean biomass cookstove technology and emissions monitoring equipment; 2) mass production of quality-controlled stove and emissions equipment at levels scalable to meet global demand; and 3) global distribution through a variety of channels and partners. ARC has been instrumental in designing and improving more than 100 stove designs over the past thirty years. In the last four years, ASAT and ARC have played a key role in the production and sales of over 200,000 improved stoves in the developed and developing world. The ARC-designed emissions equipment is currently used by researchers in laboratories and field studies on five continents. During Phase I of the DOE STTR grant, ASAT and ARC worked together to apply their wealth of product development experience towards creating the next generation of improved cookstoves and emissions monitoring equipment. Highlights of Phase I for the biomass cookstove project include 1) the development of several new stove technologies that reached the DOE 50/90 benchmark; 2) fabrication of new stove prototypes by ASATs manufacturing partner, Shengzhou Stove Manufacturing (SSM); 3) field testing of prototype stoves with consumers in Puerto Rico and the US; and 4) the selection of three stove prototypes for further development and commercialization during Phase II. Highlights of Phase I for the emissions monitoring equipment project include: 1) creation of a new emissions monitoring equipment product, the Laboratory Emissions Monitoring System (LEMS 2) the addition of gravimetric PM measurements to the stove testing systems to meet International Standards Organization criteria; 3) the addition of a CO{sub 2} sensor and wireless 3G capability to the IAP Meter; and 4) and the improvement of sensors and signal quality on all systems. Twelve Regional Testing and Knowledge Centers purchased this equipment during the Phase I project period.

  14. CX-004639: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Colorado State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Geothermal Power Direct Use Grant - Town of RicoCX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1Date: 12/08/2010Location(s): Rico, ColoradoOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  15. Integrating Renewable Energy into the Transmission and Distribution System of the U.S. Virgin Islands

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This report describes one area in which islands may lead: integrating a high percentage of renewable energy resources into an isolated grid. In addition, it explores the challenges, feasibility, and potential benefits of interconnecting the USVI grids with the much larger Puerto Rican grid.

  16. CX-011269: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Real-Time In-Situ Carbon Dioxide Monitoring (RICO2M) Network for Sensitive Subsurface... CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/30/2013 Location(s): California Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  17. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in Cumulus over the Ocean (RICO) campaign. Error bars in AMF data represent 95 percent confidence intervals. SPOP from AMF data, compared to (b) SPOP from the VOCALS Regional...

  18. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri High School Students...

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Cities Clean up With Biofuels Nov. 21, 2013 Photo of buses Clean Cities Reflects on 20 Years of Alternative Fuels Oct. 3, 2013 Photo of a fire truck Rio Rico Fire District Turns ...

  19. STGWG Meeting Attendees for May 3, 2010

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Brooklyn Baptiste, Gabe Bohnee, Rico Cruz, Greg Kaufman, Governor Joshua Madalena, ... at the STGWG Tribal and State Issues with U.S. DOE session from 2:00pm-5:00pm) Vice ...

  20. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Rico and the general direction of the Gulf of Mexico (where these storms might cause energy-producing platforms to be evacuated and supplies to be shut in). However, companies...

  1. Natural Gas Weekly Update

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Rico and the general direction of the Gulf of Mexico (where these storms might cause energy-producing platforms to be evacuated and supplies to be shut in). However, companies...

  2. Oscillating flow loss test results in Stirling engine heat exchangers. Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koester, G.; Howell, S.; Wood, G.; Miller, E.; Gedeon, D.

    1990-05-01

    The results are presented for a test program designed to generate a database of oscillating flow loss information that is applicable to Stirling engine heat exchangers. The tests were performed on heater/cooler tubes of various lengths and entrance/exit configurations, on stacked and sintered screen regenerators of various wire diameters and on Brunswick and Metex random fiber regenerators. The test results were performed over a range of oscillating flow parameters consistent with Stirling engine heat exchanger experience. The tests were performed on the Sunpower oscillating flow loss rig which is based on a variable stroke and variable frequency linear drive motor. In general, the results are presented by comparing the measured oscillating flow losses to the calculated flow losses. The calculated losses are based on the cycle integration of steady flow friction factors and entrance/exit loss coefficients.

  3. Evaluation of accountability measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cacic, C.G.

    1988-01-01

    The New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) is programmatically responsible to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Safeguards and Security (OSS) for providing independent review and evaluation of accountability measurement technology in DOE nuclear facilities. This function is addressed in part through the NBL Safegaurds Measurement Evaluation (SME) Program. The SME Program utilizes both on-site review of measurement methods along with material-specific measurement evaluation studies to provide information concerning the adequacy of subject accountability measurements. This paper reviews SME Program activities for the 1986-87 time period, with emphasis on noted improvements in measurement capabilities. Continued evolution of the SME Program to respond to changing safeguards concerns is discussed.

  4. Progress report, October 1978-September 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bingham, Carleton D.

    1980-03-01

    The New Brunswick Laboratory is charged with the responsibility for monitoring and evaluating the measurement aspects of the materials accountability subsystem of the US Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear safeguards system. Specific missions are to: (1) develop and disseminate the application of new or improved methods of chemical and/or instrumental analysis, (2) develop, characterize, and distribute certified reference and calibration materials, (3) evaluate and assess the continuing level of chemical and instrumental measurement performance of government and industrial laboratories involved in the handling of nuclear materials, and (4) provide a variety of specialized measurement services in support of the government's nuclear materials programs. Technical efforts this period covered uranium, plutonium, NBL and NBS reference materials, evaluation, and quality assurance. (DLC)

  5. Minutes of the fourth SALE program participants meeting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-10-01

    This report is a documentation of the presentations made to the Fourth Safeguards Analytical Laboratory Evaluation (S.A.L.E.) Program Participants Meeting at Argonne, Illinois, July 8-9, 1981. The meeting was sponsored by the US Department of Energy and was coordinated by the S.A.L.E. Program of the New Brunswick Laboratory. The objective of the meeting was to provide a forum through which administration of the Program and methods appropriate to the analysis of S.A.L.E. Program samples could be discussed. The Minutes of the Meeting is a collection of presentations by the speakers at the meeting and of the discussions following the presentations. The presentations are included as submitted by the speakers. The discussion sections were transcribed from tape recordings of the meeting and were edited to clarify and emphasize important comments. Seventeen papers have been abstracted and indexed.

  6. The production and certification of a plutonium equal-atom reference material: NBL CRM 128

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crawford, D.W. . Office of Safeguards and Security); Gradle, C.G.; Soriano, M.D. )

    1990-07-01

    This report describes the design, production, and certification of the New Brunswick Laboratory plutonium equal-atom certified reference material (CRM), NBL CRM 128. The primary use of this CRM is for the determination of bias corrections encountered in the operation of a mass spectrometer. This reference material is available to the US Department of Energy contractor-operated and government-operated laboratories, as well as to the international nuclear safeguards community. The absolute, or unbiased, certified value for the CRM's Pu-242/Pu-239 ratio is 1.00063 {plus minus} 0.00026 (95% confidence interval) as of October 1, 1984. This value was obtained through the quantitative blending of high-purity, chemically and isotopically characterized separated isotopes, as well as through intercomparisons of CRM samples with calibration mixtures using thermal ionization mass spectrometry. 32 tabs.

  7. Long-term variation of fiddler crab populations in North Carolina salt marshes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cammen, L.M.; Seneca, E.D.; Stroud, L.M.

    1984-06-01

    As part of the environmental monitoring of possible effects of the Brunswick nuclear power plant fiddle crab populations were sampled in several salt marshes in the lower Cape Fear River estuary, North Carolina for five years. Total biomass of the fiddler crabs Uca Pugnax and U. minax in four Spartina marshes declined by 65 to 70% between the summers of 1974-1975 and 1976-1977 with no significant decrease in population density; there was evidence of a recovery in summer of 1978 to the 1974-1975 levels. The cause of these fluctuations is unknown, but such a degree of variability in intertidal populations emphasizes the need for caution in using one or two-year baseline studies to evalute potential environmental impacts. 1 figure, 2 table.

  8. TRACE ELEMENT ANALYSES OF URANIUM MATERIALS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beals, D; Charles Shick, C

    2008-06-09

    The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has developed an analytical method to measure many trace elements in a variety of uranium materials at the high part-per-billion (ppb) to low part-per-million (ppm) levels using matrix removal and analysis by quadrapole ICP-MS. Over 35 elements were measured in uranium oxides, acetate, ore and metal. Replicate analyses of samples did provide precise results however none of the materials was certified for trace element content thus no measure of the accuracy could be made. The DOE New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) does provide a Certified Reference Material (CRM) that has provisional values for a series of trace elements. The NBL CRM were purchased and analyzed to determine the accuracy of the method for the analysis of trace elements in uranium oxide. These results are presented and discussed in the following paper.

  9. Characterization of high-fired PuO/sub 2/ as a certified reference material

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Legeled, M.A.; Cacic, C.G.; Crawford, D.W.; Spaletto, M.I.

    1984-07-01

    The New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL), U.S. Department of Energy, has certified a plutonium dioxide reference material, CRM 122, for plutonium assay and isotopic composition. The PuO/sub 2/ standard, one of several certified Pu reference materials currently being developed at NBL for use in instrumentation calibration and measurement control for safeguards, establishes traceability to the national measurement base. This plutonium reference material in the oxide form provides more directly demonstrable traceability than metal because it undergoes the same chemical treatment for dissolution as PuO/sub 2/ fuel materials. Various tests for achieving a constant weight and for dissolving CRM 122 high-fired PuO/sub 2/ were conducted. Results of these tests as well as the certification data generated by controlled-potential coulometry for plutonium assay and by thermal ionization mass spectrometry for isotopic composition will also be presented and discussed.

  10. An expanded safeguards role for the DOE safeguards analytical laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bingham, C.D.

    1986-01-01

    The New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) is a Government-owned, Government-operated (GOGO) laboratory, with the mission to provide and maintain a nuclear material measurements and standards laboratory. The functional responsibilities of NBL serve as a technical response to the statutory responsibility of the Department of Energy (DOE) to assure the safeguarding of nuclear materials. In the execution of its mission, NBL carries out activities in six safeguards-related programs: measurement development, measurement evaluation, measurement services, safeguards assessment, reference and calibration materials and site-specific assistance. These program activities have been implemented by NBL for many years; their relative emphases, however, have been changed recently to address the priorities defined by the DOE Office of Safeguards and Security, Defense Programs (OSS/DP). As a consequence, NBL operations are in the ''mainstream'' of domestic safeguards activities. This expanded safeguards role for NBL is discussed in this paper.

  11. Development and demonstration of the TRUEX solvent extraction process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vandegrift, G.F.; Chamberlain, D.B.; Conner, C.; Copple, J.M.; Dow, J.A.; Everson, L.; Hutter, J.C.; Leonard, R.A.; Nunez, L.; Regalbuto, M.C.; Sedlet, J.; Srinivasan, B.; Weber, S.; Wygmans, D.G.

    1993-03-01

    The Generic TRUEX Model (GTM) was developed for use in designing site and feed-specific TRUEX flowsheets and in estimating the space and cost requirements for installing a TRUEX process. This paper discusses data collected in support of the GTM and its use in (1) designing process flowsheets and (2) performing sensitivity analyses. Demonstration of the TRUEX process is underway at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), where plutonium-containing analytical waste solutions generated at the DOE New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) are being converted from TRU waste ({approximately}l g Pu/L), with no current means of disposal, to solutions that contain less than 10 nCi of transuranic elements per milliliter of waste solution. Results and implications of this demonstration are discussed in this paper.

  12. Safeguards Measurement Evaluation Program nuclear materials measurement data: Phase 1: Final report, 1985 through 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cacic, C.G.

    1988-08-01

    The New Brunswick Laboratory has been tasked by the US Department of Energy Office of Safeguards and Security to assess and evaluate the adequacy of measurement technology as applied to materials accounting in US Department of Energy nuclear facilities. The Safeguards Measurement Evaluation Program was developed as a means to monitor and evaluate the quality and effectiveness of accounting measurements by site, material balance area, or unit process. Phase 1 of the Safeguards Measurement Evaluation Program, initiated during 1985, involved evaluation of the primary accountability measurement methods at six US Department of Energy Defense Programs facilities. Resulting data are presented and evaluated as indicators of current state-of-the-practice accountability measurement methodology, deficiencies in materials accounting practices, and areas for possible assistance in upgrading measurement capabilities. 22 figs., 5 tabs.

  13. Evaluation and calibration of a Los Alamos National Laboratory L/sub III/-edge densitometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGonnagle, W.J.; Holland, M.K.; Reynolds, C.S.; Trahey, N.M.; Zook, A.C.

    1983-07-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE), New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) has evaluated and calibrated an L/sub III/-edge densitometer for the Los Alamos National Laboratory. This prototype instrument was designed for nondestructive on-line measurement of uranium and/or plutonium solutions. The sensitivity was optimized for measuring the uranium and plutonium concentrations in mixed solutions typical of those produced by solvent extraction in the U-Pu fuel cycle. Foil assays were performed on a daily basis to monitor the measurement precision and the stability of the calibration. Traceable reference solutions prepared at NBL were used to calibrate and evaluate the system. For solutions containing approximately 50 grams of uranium and/or plutonium per liter, the relative standard deviation for the L-edge measurements was approximately 0.3%. This experimental evaluation demonstrated that the solution matrix did not influence the results. The instrument performance in a laboratory environment was excellent.

  14. Quantitative ion-exchange separation of plutonium from impurities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pietri, C.E.; Freeman, B.P.; Weiss, J.R.

    1981-09-01

    The methods used at the New Brunswick Laboratory for the quantitative ion exchange separation of plutonium from impurities prior to plutonium assay are described. Other ion exchange separation procedures for impurity determination and for isotopic abundance measurements are given. The primary technique used consists of sorption of plutonium(IV) in 8N HNO/sub 3/ on Dowex-1 anion exchange resin and elution of the purified plutonium with 0.3N HCl-0.01N HF. Other methods consist of the anion exchange separation of plutonium(IV) in 12N HCl and the cation exchange separation of plutonium(III) in 0.2 N HNO/sub 3/. The application of these procedures to the subsequent assay of plutonium, isotopic analysis, and impurity determination is described.

  15. Development and demonstration of the TRUEX solvent extraction process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vandegrift, G.F.; Chamberlain, D.B.; Conner, C.; Copple, J.M.; Dow, J.A.; Everson, L.; Hutter, J.C.; Leonard, R.A.; Nunez, L.; Regalbuto, M.C.; Sedlet, J.; Srinivasan, B.; Weber, S.; Wygmans, D.G.

    1993-01-01

    The Generic TRUEX Model (GTM) was developed for use in designing site and feed-specific TRUEX flowsheets and in estimating the space and cost requirements for installing a TRUEX process. This paper discusses data collected in support of the GTM and its use in (1) designing process flowsheets and (2) performing sensitivity analyses. Demonstration of the TRUEX process is underway at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), where plutonium-containing analytical waste solutions generated at the DOE New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) are being converted from TRU waste ([approximately]l g Pu/L), with no current means of disposal, to solutions that contain less than 10 nCi of transuranic elements per milliliter of waste solution. Results and implications of this demonstration are discussed in this paper.

  16. Second NBL measurement evaluation program meeting: A summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spaletto, M.I.; Clapper, M.; Tolbert, M.E.M.

    1997-12-31

    New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL), the US government`s nuclear materials measurements and reference materials laboratory, administers interlaboratory measurement evaluation programs to evaluate the quality and adequacy of safeguards measurements. The NBL Measurement Evaluation Program covers several types of safeguards analytical measurements. The Safeguards Measurement Evaluation (SME) program distributes test materials destructive measurements of uranium for both elemental concentration and isotopic abundances, and of plutonium for isotopic abundances. The Calorimetry Exchange (CalEx) Program tests the quality of nondestructive measurements of plutonium isotopic abundances by gamma spectroscopy and plutonium concentration by calorimetry. In May 1997, more than 30 representatives from the Department of Energy (DOE), its contractor laboratories, and Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensees met at NBL in Argonne, Illinois, for the annual meeting of the Measurement Evaluation Program. The summary which follows details key points that were discussed or presented at the meeting.

  17. ARM - Events Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1, 2007 [Events] Workshop on Patagonian Dust and Its Climate Implications Scheduled for October Bookmark and Share There will be a workshop on Patagonian dust and its climate implications on October 3-5, in Puerto Madryn, Argentina. The objective of this meeting is to share information and promote collaborations among groups from different disciplines to improve understanding of southern South America (notably Patagonia) and its role in influencing the past/present climate and marine

  18. ARM - Events Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Workshop on Patagonian Dust and Its Climate Implications Scheduled for October Bookmark and Share There will be a workshop on Patagonian dust and its climate implications on October 3-5, in Puerto Madryn, Argentina. The objective of this meeting is to share information and promote collaborations among groups from different disciplines to improve understanding of southern South America (notably Patagonia) and its role in influencing the past/present climate and marine biogeochemistry in the

  19. Contributing to Net Zero Building: High Energy Efficient EIFS Wall Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carbary, Lawrence D.; Perkins, Laura L.; Serino, Roland; Preston, Bill; Kosny, Jan

    2014-01-29

    The team led by Dow Corning collaborated to increase the thermal performance of exterior insulation and finishing systems (EIFS) to reach R-40 performance meeting the needs for high efficiency insulated walls. Additionally, the project helped remove barriers to using EIFS on retrofit commercial buildings desiring high insulated walls. The three wall systems developed within the scope of this project provide the thermal performance of R-24 to R-40 by incorporating vacuum insulation panels (VIPs) into an expanded polystyrene (EPS) encapsulated vacuum insulated sandwich element (VISE). The VISE was incorporated into an EIFS as pre-engineered insulation boards. The VISE is installed using typical EIFS details and network of trained installers. These three wall systems were tested and engineered to be fully code compliant as an EIFS and meet all of the International Building Code structural, durability and fire test requirements for a code compliant exterior wall cladding system. This system is being commercialized under the trade name Dryvit® Outsulation® HE system. Full details, specifications, and application guidelines have been developed for the system. The system has been modeled both thermally and hygrothermally to predict condensation potential. Based on weather models for Baltimore, MD; Boston, MA; Miami, FL; Minneapolis, MN; Phoenix, AZ; and Seattle, WA; condensation and water build up in the wall system is not a concern. Finally, the team conducted a field trial of the system on a building at the former Brunswick Naval Air Station which is being redeveloped by the Midcoast Regional Redevelopment Authority (Brunswick, Maine). The field trial provided a retrofit R-30 wall onto a wood frame construction, slab on grade, 1800 ft2 building, that was monitored over the course of a year. Simultaneous with the façade retrofit, the building’s windows were upgraded at no charge to this program. The retrofit building used 49% less natural gas during the winter of 2012 compared to previous winters. This project achieved its goal of developing a system that is constructible, offers protection to the VIPs, and meets all performance targets established for the project.

  20. ORISE Faculty Research Experiences: Dr. Liz Diaz Vázquez

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Liz Diaz Vázquez Three Puerto Rican scientists spend summer researching new ways to detect explosive traces Mitchell Wallace, Dr. Rolin Mainuddin and Aimee Williams Pictured L to R: Vivianette Giusti Vélez, Dr. Liz Diaz Vázquez and Anais Vázquez Rivera analyzed improved methods for detecting explosive traces as part of a summer research program sponsored by the Department of Homeland Security. A ten-week research program during the summer of 2011 may lead to the development of new tools for

  1. CX-011270: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Real-Time In-Situ Carbon Dioxide Monitoring (RICO2M) Network for Sensitive Subsurface... CX(s) Applied: A11, B4.6 Date: 09/30/2013 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  2. CX-013850: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Real-Time In-Situ CO2 Monitoring (RICO2M) Network for Sensitive Subsurface Areas in CCS CX(s) Applied: B3.1, B5.13Date: 06/23/2015 Location(s): CaliforniaOffices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

  3. Plutonium metal exchange program : current status and statistical analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tandon, L.; Eglin, J. L.; Michalak, S. E.; Picard, R. R.; Temer, D. J.

    2004-01-01

    The Rocky Flats Plutonium (Pu) Metal Sample Exchange program was conducted to insure the quality and intercomparability of measurements such as Pu assay, Pu isotopics, and impurity analyses. The Rocky Flats program was discontinued in 1989 after more than 30 years. In 2001, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) reestablished the Pu Metal Exchange program. In addition to the Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE) at Aldermaston, six Department of Energy (DOE) facilities Argonne East, Argonne West, Livermore, Los Alamos, New Brunswick Laboratory, and Savannah River are currently participating in the program. Plutonium metal samples are prepared and distributed to the sites for destructive measurements to determine elemental concentration, isotopic abundance, and both metallic and nonmetallic impurity levels. The program provides independent verification of analytical measurement capabilies for each participating facility and allows problems in analytical methods to be identified. The current status of the program will be discussed with emphasis on the unique statistical analysis and modeling of the data developed for the program. The discussion includes the definition of the consensus values for each analyte (in the presence and absence of anomalous values and/or censored values), and interesting features of the data and the results.

  4. Tiger team assessment of the Argonne Illinois site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-10-19

    This report documents the results of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Tiger Team Assessment of the Argonne Illinois Site (AIS) (including the DOE Chicago Operations Office, DOE Argonne Area Office, Argonne National Laboratory-East, and New Brunswick Laboratory) and Site A and Plot M, Argonne, Illinois, conducted from September 17 through October 19, 1990. The Tiger Team Assessment was conducted by a team comprised of professionals from DOE, contractors, consultants. The purpose of the assessment was to provide the Secretary of Energy with the status of Environment, Safety, and Health (ES H) Programs at AIS. Argonne National Laboratory-East (ANL-E) is the principal tenant at AIS. ANL-E is a multiprogram laboratory operated by the University of Chicago for DOE. The mission of ANL-E is to perform basic and applied research that supports the development of energy-related technologies. There are a significant number of ES H findings and concerns identified in the report that require prompt management attention. A significant change in culture is required before ANL-E can attain consistent and verifiable compliance with statutes, regulations and DOE Orders. ES H activities are informal, fragmented, and inconsistently implemented. Communication is seriously lacking, both vertically and horizontally. Management expectations are not known or commondated adequately, support is not consistent, and oversight is not effective.

  5. Destructive analysis capabilities for plutonium and uranium characterization at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tandon, Lav; Kuhn, Kevin J; Drake, Lawrence R; Decker, Diana L; Walker, Laurie F; Colletti, Lisa M; Spencer, Khalil J; Peterson, Dominic S; Herrera, Jaclyn A; Wong, Amy S

    2010-01-01

    Los Alamos National Laboratory's (LANL) Actinide Analytical Chemistry (AAC) group has been in existence since the Manhattan Project. It maintains a complete set of analytical capabilities for performing complete characterization (elemental assay, isotopic, metallic and non metallic trace impurities) of uranium and plutonium samples in different forms. For a majority of the customers there are strong quality assurance (QA) and quality control (QC) objectives including highest accuracy and precision with well defined uncertainties associated with the analytical results. Los Alamos participates in various international and national programs such as the Plutonium Metal Exchange Program, New Brunswick Laboratory's (NBL' s) Safeguards Measurement Evaluation Program (SME) and several other inter-laboratory round robin exercises to monitor and evaluate the data quality generated by AAC. These programs also provide independent verification of analytical measurement capabilities, and allow any technical problems with analytical measurements to be identified and corrected. This presentation will focus on key analytical capabilities for destructive analysis in AAC and also comparative data between LANL and peer groups for Pu assay and isotopic analysis.

  6. DOE research and development report. Progress report, October 1980-September 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bingham, Carleton D.

    1982-03-01

    The DOE New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) is the US Government's Nuclear Materials Standards and Measurement Laboratory. NBL is assigned the mission to provide and maintain, as an essential part of federal statutory responsibilities related to national and international safeguards of nuclear materials for USA defense and energy programs, an ongoing capability for: the development, preparation, certification, and distribution of reference materials for the calibration and standardization of nuclear materials measurements; the development, improvement, and evaluation of nuclear materials measurement technology; the assessment and evaluation of the practice and application of nuclear materials measurement technology; expert and reliable specialized nuclear materials measurement services for the government; and technology exchange and training in nuclear materials measurement and standards. Progress reports for this fiscal year are presented under the following sections: (1) development or evaluation of measurement technology (elemental assay of uranium plutonium; isotope composition); (2) standards and reference materials (NBL standards and reference materials; NBS reference materials); and (3) evaluation programs (safeguards analytical laboratory evaluation; general analytical evaluation program; other evaluation programs).

  7. 1986 EPRI radwaste workshop: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-10-01

    The proceedings of the eighth radwaste workshop are presented. The workshop presentations and discussion sessions addressed: Waste Minimization and On-Site Storage, Regulatory Issues, and Radwaste Equipment Operating Experience. Significant accomplishments in waste volume reduction and resultant cost savings were demonstrated by the actual results achieved with the implementation of dedicated management supported volume reduction programs at Brunswick and Crystal River Unit /number sign/3. On-site storage implementation is being accomplished at the Duane Arnold Energy Center of Iowa Electric by construction of a low level radwaste processing and storage facility. The design of this facility was described. The regulatory lectures covered disposal site issues and an update on waste transportation regulations. Current regulatory issues were addressed by a representative of the NRC. The lectures on radwaste equipment operating experience discussed radwaste evaporator experience at Callaway, steam generator chemical cleaning waste processing at Millstone Unit /number sign/2 and comparison testing of General Electric and Westinghouse-Hittman super compactors at Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. Individual papers were processed separately for the data base.

  8. Effect of pH on the release of radionuclides and chelating agents from cement-solidified decontamination ion-exchange resins collected from operating nuclear power stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McIsaac, C.V.; Akers, D.W.; McConnell, J.W. )

    1991-06-01

    Data are presented on the physical stability and leachability of radionuclides and chelating agents from cement-solidified decontamination ion-exchange resin wastes collected from two operating commercial light water reactors. Small-scale waste--form specimens collected during solidifications performed at the Brunswick Steam Electric Plant Unit 1 and at the James A. FitzPatrick Nuclear Power Station were leach-tested and subjected to compressive strength testing in accordance with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Technical Position on Waste Form'' (Revision 1). Samples of untreated resin waste collected from each solidification vessel before the solidification process were analyzed for concentrations of radionuclides, selected transition metals, and chelating agents to determine the quantities of these chemicals in the waste-form specimens. The chelating agents included oxalic, citric, and picolinic acids. In order to determine the effect of leachant chemical composition and pH on the stability and leachability of the waste forms, waste-form specimens were leached in various leachants. Results of this study indicate that differences in pH do not affect releases from cement-solidified decontamination ion-exchange resin waste forms, but that differences in leachant chemistry and the presence of chelating agents may affect the releases of radionuclides and chelating agents. Also, this study indicates that the cumulative releases of radionuclides and chelating agents are similar for waste- form specimens that decomposed and those that retained their general physical form. 36 refs., 60 figs., 28 tabs.

  9. Leach studies on cement-solidified ion exchange resins from decontamination processes at operating nuclear power stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McIsaac, C.V.; Akers, D.W.; McConnell, J.W.; Morcos, N.

    1992-08-01

    The effects of varying pH and leachant compositions on the physical stability and leachability of radionuclides and chelating agents were determined for cement-solidified decontamination ion-exchange resin wastes collected from two operating commercial light water reactors. Small scale waste-form specimens were collected during waste solidifications performed at the Brunswick Steam Electric Plant Unit 1 and at the James A. FitzPatrick Nuclear Power Station. The collected specimens were leach tested, and their compressive strength was measured in accordance with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s ``Technical Position on Waste Form`` (Revision 1), from the Low-Level Waste Management Branch. Leachates from these studies were analyzed for radionuclides, selected transition metals, and chelating agents to assess the leachability of these waste form constituents. Leachants used for the study were deionized water, simulated seawater, and groundwater compositions similar to those found at Barnwell, South Carolina and Hanford, Washington. Results of this study indicate that initial leachant pH does not affect leachate pH or releases from cement-solidified decontamination ion-exchange resin waste forms. However, differences in leachant composition and the presence of chelating agents may affect the releases of radionuclides and chelating agents. In addition, results from this study indicate that the cumulative releases of radionuclides and chelating agents observed for forms that disintegrated were similar to those for forms that maintained their general physical integrity.

  10. Leach studies on cement-solidified ion exchange resins from decontamination processes at operating nuclear power stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McIsaac, C.V.; Akers, D.W.; McConnell, J.W.; Morcos, N.

    1992-01-01

    The effects of varying pH and leachant compositions on the physical stability and leachability of radionuclides and chelating agents were determined for cement-solidified decontamination ion-exchange resin wastes collected from two operating commercial light water reactors. Small scale waste-form specimens were collected during waste solidifications performed at the Brunswick Steam Electric Plant Unit 1 and at the James A. FitzPatrick Nuclear Power Station. The collected specimens were leach tested, and their compressive strength was measured in accordance with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Technical Position on Waste Form'' (Revision 1), from the Low-Level Waste Management Branch. Leachates from these studies were analyzed for radionuclides, selected transition metals, and chelating agents to assess the leachability of these waste form constituents. Leachants used for the study were deionized water, simulated seawater, and groundwater compositions similar to those found at Barnwell, South Carolina and Hanford, Washington. Results of this study indicate that initial leachant pH does not affect leachate pH or releases from cement-solidified decontamination ion-exchange resin waste forms. However, differences in leachant composition and the presence of chelating agents may affect the releases of radionuclides and chelating agents. In addition, results from this study indicate that the cumulative releases of radionuclides and chelating agents observed for forms that disintegrated were similar to those for forms that maintained their general physical integrity.

  11. Nuclear reference materials to meet the changing needs of the global nuclear community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, H.R.; Gradle, C.G.; Narayanan, U.I.; Oldham, R.D.; Mitchell, W.G.

    1995-12-31

    New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) serves as the US Government`s Certifying Authority for nuclear reference materials and measurement calibration standards. In this role, NBL provides nuclear reference materials certified for chemical and/or isotopic compositions traceable to a nationally accepted, internationally compatible reference base. Emphasis is now changing as to the types of traceable nuclear reference materials needed as operations change within the Department of Energy (DOE) complex and at nuclear facilities around the world. Environmental and waste minimization issues, facilities and materials transitioning from processing to storage modes with corresponding changes in the types of measurements being performed, emphasis on requirements for characterization of waste materials, difficulties in transporting nuclear materials, and International factors, including International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspection of excess US nuclear materials, are all contributing influences. During these changing times, ft is critical that traceable reference materials be provided for calibration or validation of the performance of measurement systems. This paper will describe actions taken and planned to meet the changing reference material needs of the global nuclear community.

  12. 230Th-234U Model-Ages of Some Uranium Standard Reference Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, R W; Gaffney, A M; Kristo, M J; Hutcheon, I D

    2009-05-28

    The 'age' of a sample of uranium is an important aspect of a nuclear forensic investigation and of the attribution of the material to its source. To the extent that the sample obeys the standard rules of radiochronometry, then the production ages of even very recent material can be determined using the {sup 230}Th-{sup 234}U chronometer. These standard rules may be summarized as (a) the daughter/parent ratio at time=zero must be known, and (b) there has been no daughter/parent fractionation since production. For most samples of uranium, the 'ages' determined using this chronometer are semantically 'model-ages' because (a) some assumption of the initial {sup 230}Th content in the sample is required and (b) closed-system behavior is assumed. The uranium standard reference materials originally prepared and distributed by the former US National Bureau of Standards and now distributed by New Brunswick Laboratory as certified reference materials (NBS SRM = NBL CRM) are good candidates for samples where both rules are met. The U isotopic standards have known purification and production dates, and closed-system behavior in the solid form (U{sub 3}O{sub 8}) may be assumed with confidence. We present here {sup 230}Th-{sup 234}U model-ages for several of these standards, determined by isotope dilution mass spectrometry using a multicollector ICP-MS, and compare these ages with their known production history.

  13. Development of solid radium-226 reference materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chessmore, R.B.; Engelder, P.R.; Sill, C.W.

    1983-11-01

    Radium-226 reference materials having a matrix similar to soil or tailings samples are not available in sufficient quantity for use by remedial-action contractors to calibrate their laboratory gamma-ray spectrometers. Such reference materials are needed to provide uniform standardization among measurements made by remedial-action contractors. A task, therefore, was undertaken to prepare about 200 pounds each of three different concentrations of radium-226 reference materials by diluting tailings with high-purity silica. Target values for radium-226 content were 50, 15, and 5 pCi/g. The radium-226 content of the reference materials was measured by C.W. Sill of EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, using a high- resolution alpha spectrometry technique standardized with National Bureau of Standards (NBS) standard 4961. A summary of this technique is provided in Appendix A of this report. An independent measurement of the radium-226 content was conducted by Bendix Field Engineering Corporation (Bendix), Grand Junction, Colorado, using a high-resolution Ge(Li) detector, which was calibrated using the New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) 100-A Series standards. The Ge(Li) detector has also been used to determine the radium-226 content in the calibration models at the Grand Junction facility; these models are used by remedial-action contractors for calibration of borehole logging gamma-ray probes. 8 references, 12 tables.

  14. Nuclear reference materials to meet the changing needs of the global nuclear community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, H.R.; Gradle, C.G.; Narayanan, U.I.; Oldham, R.D.

    1995-12-31

    New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) serves as the U.S. Government`s certifying authority for nuclear reference materials and measurement calibration standards. In this role, NBL provides nuclear reference materials certified for chemical and/or isotopic compositions traceable to a nationally accepted, internationally compatible reference base. Emphasis is now changing as to the types of traceable nuclear reference materials needed as operations change within the Department of Energy complex and at nuclear facilities around the world. New challenges include: environmental and waste minimization issues, facilities and materials transitioning from processing to storage modes with corresponding changes in the types of measurements being performed, emphasis on requirements for characterization of waste materials, and difficulties in transporting nuclear materials and international factors, including IAEA influences. During these changing times, it is critical that traceable reference materials be provided for calibration or validation of the performance of measurement systems. This paper will describe actions taken and planned to meet the changing reference material needs of the global nuclear community.

  15. An analytical chemistry laboratory's experiences under Department of Energy Order 5633. 3 - a status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bingham, C.D.

    1989-11-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) order 5633.3, Control and Accountability of Nuclear Materials, initiated substantial changes to the requirements for operations involving nuclear materials. In the opinion of this author, the two most significant changes are the clarification of and the increased emphasis on the concept of graded safeguards and the implementation of performance requirements. Graded safeguards recognizes that some materials are more attractive than others to potential adversary actions and, thus, should be afforded a higher level of integrated safeguards effort. An analytical chemistry laboratory, such as the New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL), typically has a small total inventory of special nuclear materials compared to, for example, a production or manufacturing facility. The NBL has a laboratory information management system (LIMS) that not only provides the sample identification and tracking but also incorporates the essential features of MC A required of NBL operations. As a consequence of order 5633.3, NBL had to modify LIMS to accommodate material attractiveness information for the logging process, to reflect changes in the attractiveness as the material was processed through the laboratory, and to enable inventory information to be accumulated by material attractiveness as the material was processed through the laboratory, and to enable inventory information to be accumulated by material attractiveness codes.

  16. Performance testing accountability measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oldham, R.D.; Mitchell, W.G.; Spaletto, M.I.

    1993-12-31

    The New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) provides assessment support to the DOE Operations Offices in the area of Material Control and Accountability (MC and A). During surveys of facilities, the Operations Offices have begun to request from NBL either assistance in providing materials for performance testing of accountability measurements or both materials and personnel to do performance testing. To meet these needs, NBL has developed measurement and measurement control performance test procedures and materials. The present NBL repertoire of performance tests include the following: (1) mass measurement performance testing procedures using calibrated and traceable test weights, (2) uranium elemental concentration (assay) measurement performance tests which use ampulated solutions of normal uranyl nitrate containing approximately 7 milligrams of uranium per gram of solution, and (3) uranium isotopic measurement performance tests which use ampulated uranyl nitrate solutions with enrichments ranging from 4% to 90% U-235. The preparation, characterization, and packaging of the uranium isotopic and assay performance test materials were done in cooperation with the NBL Safeguards Measurements Evaluation Program since these materials can be used for both purposes.

  17. Potentiometric determination of uranium in organic extracts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bodnar, L.Z.

    1980-05-01

    The potentimetric determination of uranium in organic extracts was studied. A mixture of 30% TBP, (tributylphosphate), in carbon tetrachloride was used, with the NBL (New Brunswick Laboratory) titrimetric procedure. Results include a comparative analysis performed on organic extracts of fissium alloys vs those performed on aqueous samples of the same alloys which had been treated to remove interfering elements. Also comparative analyses were performed on sample solutions from a typical scrap recovery operation common in the uranium processing industry. A limited number of residue type materials, calciner products, and presscakes were subjected to analysis by organic extraction. The uranium extraction was not hindered by 30% TBP/CCl/sub 4/. To fully demonstrate the capabilities of the extraction technique and its compatibility with the NBL potentiometric uranium determination, a series of uranium standards was subjected to uranium extraction with 30% TBP/CCl/sub 4/. The uranium was then stripped out of the organic phase with 40 mL of H/sub 3/PO/sub 4/, 15 mL of H/sub 2/0, and 1 mL of 1M FeSO/sub 4/ solution. The uranium was then determined in the aqueous phosphoric phase by the regular NBL potentiometric method, omitting only the addition of another 40 mL of H/sub 3/PO/sub 4/. Uranium determinations ranging from approximately 20 to 150 mg of U were successfully made with the same accuracy and precision normally achieved. 8 tables. (DP)

  18. Impact of cloud microphysics on squall line organization

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ARM Observations to Validate and Improve Cloud Micrfophysical Schemes Wojciech Grabowski (PI) Hugh Morrison, Sally McFarlane (Co-PIs) Hanna Pawlowska (Co-I) CMWG Breakout, ARM STM 2008 Two major efforts of project * Warm clouds. We will use microphysical retrievals from Nauru and SGP (including CLASIC), together with aircraft observations (RICO) to assess model simulations of shallow cumulus. * Focus is on treatment of turbulent- microphysical interactions and impact on optical properties. *

  19. STGWG Meeting Minutes for May 3, 2010

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Meeting Summary-Nashville 2010 Page 1 State and Tribal Government Working Group Meeting Notes May 3, 2010 Doubletree Downtown Nashville Nashville, Tennessee TRIBAL EXECUTIVE SESSION (closed session) 9:00am-10:15am Attendees: Vice Chairman Brooklyn Baptiste, Gabe Bohnee, Rico Cruz, Greg Kaufman, Governor Joshua Madalena, Brooke Oleen Tieperman, Willie Preacher, Michael Sobotta and John Stanfill. Neil Weber and Peter Chestnut-participated by conference call. Governor Madalena of the Jemez Pueblo

  20. Water-supply potential of the Upper Floridan aquifer in the vicinity of Savannah, Georgia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garza, R.; Krause, R.E. )

    1993-03-01

    The Upper Floridan aquifer is the primary source of freshwater in coastal Georgia. Groundwater withdrawal in the area of Savannah and in the adjacent coastal areas in Georgia and South Carolina has resulted in large regional water-level declines and a reversal of the hydraulic gradient that existed prior to development. Changes in gradient and decreasing water levels are causing lateral encroachment of seawater into the Upper Floridan aquifer at the northern end of Hilton Head Island, SC, and vertical intrusion of saltwater into the Upper and Lower Floridan aquifers in the Brunswick, GA., area. Concerns about future water-supply demands prompted the US Geological Survey and the Chatham County-Savannah Metropolitan Planning Commission to undertake a cooperative study to evaluate the ground-water resources in the Savannah, GA, area. A numerical ground-water flow model was developed and used in conjunction with other previously calibrated models in the coastal areas of Georgia and South Carolina to simulate the effects of additional ground-water withdrawal on water levels. Based on model simulations and the constraint of preventing additional water-level declines at the locations of encroachment and intrusion, the potential of the Upper Floridan aquifer to supply additional water in the Savannah area is limited under present hydrologic conditions. The potential for additional withdrawal in the vicinity of Savannah, GA, ranges from less than 1 million gallons per day (Mgal/d) to about 5 Mgal/d. Because of the limited water-supply potential, hypothetical alternatives of ground-water withdrawal were simulated to determine the effects on water levels. These simulations indicate that reduction and redistribution of ground-water withdrawal would not adversely affect water levels at the locations of encroachment and intrusion.

  1. Purdue Hydrogen Systems Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jay P Gore; Robert Kramer; Timothee L Pourpoint; P. V. Ramachandran; Arvind Varma; Yuan Zheng

    2011-12-28

    The Hydrogen Systems Laboratory in a unique partnership between Purdue University's main campus in West Lafayette and the Calumet campus was established and its capabilities were enhanced towards technology demonstrators. The laboratory engaged in basic research in hydrogen production and storage and initiated engineering systems research with performance goals established as per the USDOE Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program. In the chemical storage and recycling part of the project, we worked towards maximum recycling yield via novel chemical selection and novel recycling pathways. With the basic potential of a large hydrogen yield from AB, we used it as an example chemical but have also discovered its limitations. Further, we discovered alternate storage chemicals that appear to have advantages over AB. We improved the slurry hydrolysis approach by using advanced slurry/solution mixing techniques. We demonstrated vehicle scale aqueous and non-aqueous slurry reactors to address various engineering issues in on-board chemical hydrogen storage systems. We measured the thermal properties of raw and spent AB. Further, we conducted experiments to determine reaction mechanisms and kinetics of hydrothermolysis in hydride-rich solutions and slurries. We also developed a continuous flow reactor and a laboratory scale fuel cell power generation system. The biological hydrogen production work summarized as Task 4.0 below, included investigating optimal hydrogen production cultures for different substrates, reducing the water content in the substrate, and integrating results from vacuum tube solar collector based pre and post processing tests into an enhanced energy system model. An automated testing device was used to finalize optimal hydrogen production conditions using statistical procedures. A 3 L commercial fermentor (New Brunswick, BioFlo 115) was used to finalize testing of larger samples and to consider issues related to scale up. Efforts continued to explore existing catalytic methods involving nano catalysts for capture of CO2 from the fermentation process.

  2. Evaluation on the use of cerium in the NBL Titrimetric Method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zebrowski, J.P.; Orlowicz, G.J.; Johnson, K.D.; Smith, M.M.; Soriano, M.D.

    1995-03-01

    An alternative to potassium dichromate as titrant in the New Brunswick Laboratory Titrimetric Method for uranium analysis was sought since chromium in the waste makes disposal difficult. Substitution of a ceric-based titrant was statistically evaluated. Analysis of the data indicated statistically equivalent precisions for the two methods, but a significant overall bias of +0.035% for the ceric titrant procedure. The cause of the bias was investigated, alterations to the procedure were made, and a second statistical study was performed. This second study revealed no statistically significant bias, nor any analyst-to-analyst variation in the ceric titration procedure. A statistically significant day-to-day variation was detected, but this was physically small (0.01 5%) and was only detected because of the within-day precision of the method. The added mean and standard deviation of the %RD for a single measurement was found to be 0.031%. A comparison with quality control blind dichromate titration data again indicated similar overall precision. Effects of ten elements on the ceric titration`s performance was determined. Co, Ti, Cu, Ni, Na, Mg, Gd, Zn, Cd, and Cr in previous work at NBL these impurities did not interfere with the potassium dichromate titrant. This study indicated similar results for the ceric titrant, with the exception of Ti. All the elements (excluding Ti and Cr), caused no statistically significant bias in uranium measurements at levels of 10 mg impurity per 20-40 mg uranium. The presence of Ti was found to cause a bias of {minus}0.05%; this is attributed to the presence of sulfate ions, resulting in precipitation of titanium sulfate and occlusion of uranium. A negative bias of 0.012% was also statistically observed in the samples containing chromium impurities.

  3. ELECTRONICS UPGRADE TO THE SAVANNAH RIVER NATIONAL LABORATORY COULOMETER FOR PLUTONIUM AND NEPTUNIUM ASSAY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cordaro, J.; Holland, M.; Reeves, G.; Nichols, S.; Kruzner, A.

    2011-07-08

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) has the analytical measurement capability to perform high-precision plutonium concentration measurements by controlled-potential coulometry. State-of-the-art controlled-potential coulometers were designed and fabricated by the Savannah River National Laboratory and installed in the Analytical Laboratories process control laboratory. The Analytical Laboratories uses coulometry for routine accountability measurements of and for verification of standard preparations used to calibrate other plutonium measurement systems routinely applied to process control, nuclear safety, and other accountability applications. The SRNL Coulometer has a demonstrated measurement reliability of {approx}0.05% for 10 mg samples. The system has also been applied to the characterization of neptunium standard solutions with a comparable reliability. The SRNL coulometer features: a patented current integration system; continuous electrical calibration versus Faraday's Constants and Ohm's Law; the control-potential adjustment technique for enhanced application of the Nernst Equation; a wide operating room temperature range; and a fully automated instrument control and data acquisition capability. Systems have been supplied to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Russia, Japanese Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) and the New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL). The most recent vintage of electronics was based on early 1990's integrated circuits. Many of the components are no longer available. At the request of the IAEA and the Department of State, SRNL has completed an electronics upgrade of their controlled-potential coulometer design. Three systems have built with the new design, one for the IAEA which was installed at SAL in May 2011, one system for Los Alamos National Laboratory, (LANL) and one for the SRS Analytical Laboratory. The LANL and SRS systems are undergoing startup testing with installation scheduled for this summer.

  4. Tested method to minimize plutonium assay discrepancies between laboratories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seiler, R.J.; Goss, R.L.; Rodenburg, W.W.; Rogers, D.R.

    1982-01-29

    Plutonium assay differences are frequently observed between laboratories exchanging plutonium dioxide powders. These differences are commonly the result of chemical changes and/or nonhomogeneities in sampled materials. The irregularities are often caused by moisture absorption during sampling, packaging, shipment, and storage of the materials. A method is proposed which eliminates the effects of chemical change in samples, particularly moisture absorption, and minimizes sampling error. A nondestructive thermal watts/gram test on every preweighed sampled and total dissolution of these samples for chemical assay are the primary features which make this method effective. Because this method minimizes the error related to exchange material, it is possible to design an interlaboratory exchange program which demonstrates the assay capabiliies of the participants. In an experiment performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of this method, three PuO/sub 2/ batches of varying isotopic composition were synthesized at Mound to be used in the exchange tess. Powder sample aliquots from each batch were weighed directly into their vials under controlled atmospheric conditions. Calorimetric heat measurements were made on each vial to test homogeneity and verify sample weight. Six vials of each batch were chemically assayed at Mound and six at NBL (New Brunswick Laboratory). Both laboratories chose controlled-potential coulometry as the chemical assay technique because of its demonstrated precision and accuracy. Total dissolution of preweighed exchange samples eliminated the need for laborious and usually futile heating to return the material to its original condition. The mean chemical assay values obtained by Mound and NBL agree to within 0.01% for each of the compositions tested. Testing of both chemical assay and calorimetric data revealed no sampling error throughout the experiment.

  5. Interlaboratory comparison program for nondestructive assay of prototype uranium reference materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trahey, N.M.; Smith, M.M.; Voeks, A.M.; Bracey, J.T.

    1986-12-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE), New Brunswick Laboratory (NBS), designed and administered an interlaboratory comparison program based on the measurement of NBL-produced prototype uranium nondestructive assay (NDA) reference materials for scrap and waste. The objectives of the program were to evaluate the reliability of NDA techniques as applied to nuclear safeguards materials control and accountability needs and to investigate the feasibility of providing practical NDA scrap and waste reference materials for use throughout the nuclear safeguards community. Fourteen facilities representing seven DOE contractors, four US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licensees, one EURATOM Laboratory, and NBL, participated in this program. Three stable, well-characterized uranium reference materials were developed and certified for this program. Synthetic calcined ash, cellulose fiber, and ion-exchange resin simulate selected uranium scrap and waste forms which are often encountered in fabrication and recovery operations. The synthetic calcined ash represents an intermediate density inorganic matrix while the cellulose fiber and ion-exchange resin are representative of low-density organic matrices. The materials, containing from 0 to 13% uranium enriched at 93% /sup 235/U, were sealed in specially selected containers. Nineteen prototype reference samples, plus three empty containers, one to accompany each set, was circulated to the participants between August 1979 and May 1984. Triplicate measurements for /sup 235/U on each of the 19 filled containers were required. In addition, participants could opt to perform modular configuration measurements using containers from Sets IIA and IIB to simulate non-homogeneously dispersed uranium in waste containers. All data were reported to NBL for evaluation.

  6. Mercury Information Clearinghouse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chad A. Wocken; Michael J. Holmes; Dennis L. Laudal; Debra F. Pflughoeft-Hassett; Greg F. Weber; Nicholas V. C. Ralston; Stanley J. Miller; Grant E. Dunham; Edwin S. Olson; Laura J. Raymond; John H. Pavlish; Everett A. Sondreal; Steven A. Benson

    2006-03-31

    The Canadian Electricity Association (CEA) identified a need and contracted the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) to create and maintain an information clearinghouse on global research and development activities related to mercury emissions from coal-fired electric utilities. With the support of CEA, the Center for Air Toxic Metals{reg_sign} (CATM{reg_sign}) Affiliates, and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the EERC developed comprehensive quarterly information updates that provide a detailed assessment of developments in the various areas of mercury monitoring, control, policy, and research. A total of eight topical reports were completed and are summarized and updated in this final CEA quarterly report. The original quarterly reports can be viewed at the CEA Web site (www.ceamercuryprogram.ca). In addition to a comprehensive update of previous mercury-related topics, a review of results from the CEA Mercury Program is provided. Members of Canada's coal-fired electricity generation sector (ATCO Power, EPCOR, Manitoba Hydro, New Brunswick Power, Nova Scotia Power Inc., Ontario Power Generation, SaskPower, and TransAlta) and CEA, have compiled an extensive database of information from stack-, coal-, and ash-sampling activities. Data from this effort are also available at the CEA Web site and have provided critical information for establishing and reviewing a mercury standard for Canada that is protective of environment and public health and is cost-effective. Specific goals outlined for the CEA mercury program included the following: (1) Improve emission inventories and develop management options through an intensive 2-year coal-, ash-, and stack-sampling program; (2) Promote effective stack testing through the development of guidance material and the support of on-site training on the Ontario Hydro method for employees, government representatives, and contractors on an as-needed basis; (3) Strengthen laboratory analytical capabilities through analysis and quality assurance programs; and (4) Create and maintain an information clearinghouse to ensure that all parties can keep informed on global mercury research and development activities.

  7. Evaluation of kinetic phosphorescence analysis for the determination of uranium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Croatto, P.V.; Frank, I.W.; Johnson, K.D.; Mason, P.B.; Smith, M.M.

    1997-12-01

    In the past, New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) has used a fluorometric method for the determination of sub-microgram quantities of uranium. In its continuing effort to upgrade and improve measurement technology, NBL has evaluated the commercially-available KPA-11 kinetic phosphorescence analyzer (Chemchek, Richland, WA). The Chemchek KPA-11 is a bench-top instrument which performs single-measurement, quench-corrected analyses for trace uranium. It incorporates patented kinetic phosphorimetry techniques to measure and analyze sample phosphorescence as a function of time. With laser excitation and time-corrected photon counting, the KPA-11 has a lower detection limit than conventional fluorometric methods. Operated with a personal computer, the state-of-the-art KPA-11 offers extensive time resolution and phosphorescence lifetime capabilities for additional specificity. Interferences are thereby avoided while obtaining precise measurements. Routine analyses can be easily and effectively accomplished, with the accuracy and precision equivalent to the pulsed-laser fluorometric method presently performed at NBL, without the need for internal standards. Applications of kinetic phosphorimetry at NBL include the measurement of trace level uranium in retention tank, waste samples, and low-level samples. It has also been used to support other experimental activities at NBL by the measuring of nanogram amounts of uranium contamination (in blanks) in isotopic sample preparations, and the determining of elution curves of different ion exchange resins used for uranium purification. In many cases, no pretreatment of samples was necessary except to fume them with nitric acid, and then to redissolve and dilute them to an appropriate concentration with 1 M HNO{sub 3} before measurement. Concentrations were determined on a mass basis ({micro}g U/g of solution), but no density corrections were needed since all the samples (including the samples used for calibration) were in the same density matrix (1 M HNO{sub 3}). A statistical evaluation of the determination of uranium using kinetic phosphorimetry is described in this report, along with a discussion of the method, and an evaluation of the use of plastic versus quartz cuvettes. Measurement with a precision of {+-} 3--4% relative standard deviation (RSD) and an accuracy of better than {+-} 2% relative difference (RD) are obtained in the 0.0006 to 5 {micro}g U/g-solution range. The instrument detection limit is 0.04 ppb (4 x 10{sup {minus}5} {micro}g U/g solution) using quartz cells, and 0.11 ppb (11 x 10{sup {minus}5} {micro}g U/g solution) using disposable methacrylate cuvettes.

  8. Can industry`s `fourth` fossil fuel establish presence in US?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Armor, A.F.; Dene, C.E.

    1996-09-01

    After five years of commercial experience burning Orimulsion overseas, US utilities are now evaluating the new fuel as a serious alternative to oil. In their relentless drive to remain competitive, electric utilities with oil-fired generating units are searching for lower cost fuel alternatives. Because of high fuel prices, oil-fired units have low capacity factors. Only 23 out of 142 oil-capable units in the US had capacity factors greater than 50% in 1993; the average was a mere 24%. Utility consumption of fuel oil slid from over 600,000 barrels (bbl)/day in 1989 to less than 200,000 bbl/day last year. Orimulsion now fuels nearly 3,000 MW/yr worldwide. The UK`s PowerGen Ltd, currently the world`s largest consumer of Orimulsion, fires some 10-million bbl/yr at two 500-MW units at its Ince plant and three 120-MW units at its Richborough plant. Both plants formerly burned fuel oil, and have been using Orimulsion since 1991. Canada`s New Brunswick Power Corp has fired Orimulsion in two units at its Dalhousie plant since 1994 (Power, April 1995, p 27); one 105-MW unit was originally designed for fuel oil, the other 212-MW unit was designed for coal. Last year, Denmark`s SK Power converted its coal-fired, 700-MW Asnaes Unit 5 to Orimulsion firing. And in the US, Florida Power and Light Co. (FP and L) has signed a 20-yr fuel supply contract with Bitor America Corp (Boca Raton, Fla.), for two 800-MW units at the oil-fired Manatee plant, contingent on securing necessary permits. The Manatee installation (Power, September 1994, p 57) would be the first in the US to burn the fuel. Today, five years after Orimulsion begun to be used commercially, many of the lingering questions involving the new fuel`s handling, transportation, combustion, emissions control, spill control, and waste utilization have been settled. Several US utilities have expressed serious interest in the fuel as an alternative to oil.

  9. National Uranium Resource Evaluation: Moab Quadrangle, Colorado and Utah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campbell, J.A.; Franczyk, K.J.; Lupe, R.D.; Peterson, F.

    1982-09-01

    Portions of the Salt Wash Member of the Morrison, the Chinle, the Rico, the Cutler, and the Entrada Formations are favorable for uranium deposits that meet the minimum size and grade requirements of the US Department of Energy within the Moab 1' x 2' Quadrangle, Utah and Colorado. Nine areas are judged favorable for the Late Jurassic Salt Wash Member. The criteria used to evaluate these areas as favorable include the presence of (1) fluvial sandstone beds deposited by low-energy streams; (2) actively moving major and minor structures such as the Paradox basin and the many folds within it; (3) paleostream transport directions approximately perpendicular to the trend of many of the paleofolds; (4) presence of favorable gray lacustrine mudstone beds; and (5) known uranium occurrences associated with the favorable gray mudstones. Three favorable areas have been outlined for the Late Triassic Chinle Formation. The criteria used to evaluate these areas are the sandstone-to-shale ratios for the Chinle Formation and the distribution of the Petrified Forest Member of the Chinle, which is considered the source for the uranium. Two favorable areas have been delineated for the Permian Cutler Formation, and one for the Permian Rico Formation. The criteria used to outline favorable areas are the distribution of favorable facies within each formation. Favorable facies are those that are a result of deposition in environments that are transitional between fluvial and marine. One favorable area is outlined in the Jurassic Entrada Sandstone in the southeastern corner of the quadrangle in the Placerville district. Boundaries for this area were established by geologic mapping.

  10. Aerosol specification in single-column CAM5

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lebassi-Habtezion, B.; Caldwell, P.

    2014-11-17

    The ability to run a global climate model in single-column mode is very useful for testing model improvements because single-column models (SCMs) are inexpensive to run and easy to interpret. A major breakthrough in Version 5 of the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM5) is the inclusion of prognostic aerosol. Unfortunately, this improvement was not coordinated with the SCM version of CAM5 and as a result CAM5-SCM initializes aerosols to zero. In this study we explore the impact of running CAM5-SCM with aerosol initialized to zero (hereafter named Default) and test three potential fixes. The first fix is to use CAM5's prescribedmore » aerosol capability, which specifies aerosols at monthly climatological values. The second method is to prescribe aerosols at observed values. The third approach is to fix droplet and ice crystal numbers at prescribed values. We test our fixes in four different cloud regimes to ensure representativeness: subtropical drizzling stratocumulus (based on the DYCOMS RF02 case study), mixed-phase Arctic stratocumulus (using the MPACE-B case study), tropical shallow convection (using the RICO case study), and summertime mid-latitude continental convection (using the ARM95 case study). Stratiform cloud cases (DYCOMS RF02 and MPACE-B) were found to have a strong dependence on aerosol concentration, while convective cases (RICO and ARM95) were relatively insensitive to aerosol specification. This is perhaps expected because convective schemes in CAM5 do not currently use aerosol information. Adequate liquid water content in the MPACE-B case was only maintained when ice crystal number concentration was specified because the Meyers et al. (1992) deposition/condensation ice nucleation scheme used by CAM5 greatly overpredicts ice nucleation rates, causing clouds to rapidly glaciate. Surprisingly, predicted droplet concentrations for the ARM95 region in both SCM and global runs were around 25 cm−3, which is much lower than observed. This finding suggests that CAM5 has problems capturing aerosol effects in this climate regime.« less

  11. Resource investigation of low- and moderate-temperature geothermal areas in Paso Robles, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campion, L.F.; Chapman, R.H.; Chase, G.W.; Youngs, L.G.

    1983-01-01

    Ninety-eight geothermal wells and springs were identified and plotted, and a geologic map and cross sections were compiled. Detailed geophysical, geochemical, and geological surveys were conducted. The geological and geophysical work delineated the basement highs and trough-like depressions that can exercise control on the occurrence of the thermal waters. The Rinconada fault was also evident. Cross sections drawn from oil well logs show the sediments conforming against these basement highs and filling the depressions. It is along the locations where the sediments meet the basement highs that three natural warm springs in the area occur. Deep circulation of meteoric waters along faults seems to be a reasonable source for the warm water. The Santa Margarita, Pancho Rico, and Paso Robles Formations would be the first permeable zones that abut the faults through which water would enter. Temperatures and interpretation of well logs indicate the warmest aquifer at the base of the Paso Robles Formation. Warm water may be entering higher up in the section, but mixing with water from cooler zones seems to be evident. Geothermometry indicates reservoir temperatures could be as high as 91/sup 0/C (196/sup 0/F).

  12. Recording of absorption spectra by a three-beam integral technique with a tunable laser and external cavity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korolenko, P V; Nikolaev, I V; Ochkin, V N; Tskhai, S N

    2014-04-28

    An integral method is considered for recording absorption using three laser beams transmitted through and reflected from an external cavity with the absorbing medium (R-ICOS). The method is the elaboration of a known single-beam ICOS method and allows suppression of the influence of radiation phase fluctuations in the resonator on recording weak absorption spectra. First of all, this reduces high-frequency instabilities and gives a possibility to record spectra during short time intervals. In this method, mirrors of the resonator may have moderate reflection coefficients. Capabilities of the method have been demonstrated by the examples of weak absorption spectra of atmospheric methane and natural gas in a spectral range around 1650 nm. With the mirrors having the reflection coefficients of 0.80.99, a spectrum can be recorded for 320 ?s with the accuracy sufficient for detecting a background concentration of methane in atmosphere. For the acquisition time of 20 s, the absorption coefficients of ?210{sup -8} cm{sup -1} can be measured, which corresponds to a 40 times less molecule concentration than the background value. (laser spectroscopy)

  13. 1992--1993 low-temperature geothermal assessment program, Colorada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cappa, J.A.; Hemborg, H.T.

    1995-01-01

    Previous assessments of Colorado`s low-temperature geothermal resources were completed by the Colorado Geological Survey in 1920 and in the mid- to late-1970s. The purpose of the 1992--1993 low-temperature geothermal resource assessment is to update the earlier physical, geochemical, and utilization data and compile computerized databases of the location, chemistry, and general information of the low-temperature geothermal resources in Colorado. The main sources of the data included published data from the Colorado Geological Survey, the US Geological Survey WATSTOR database, and the files of the State Division of Water Resources. The staff of the Colorado Geological Survey in 1992 and 1993 visited most of the known geothermal sources that were recorded as having temperatures greater than 30{degrees}C. Physical measurements of the conductivity, pH, temperature, flow rate, and notes on the current geothermal source utilization were taken. Ten new geochemical analyses were completed on selected geothermal sites. The results of the compilation and field investigations are compiled into the four enclosed Quattro Pro 4 databases. For the purposes of this report a geothermal area is defined as a broad area, usually less than 3 sq mi in size, that may have several wells or springs. A geothermal site is an individual well or spring within a geothermal area. The 1992-1993 assessment reports that there are 93 geothermal areas in the Colorado, up from the 56 reported in 1978; there are 157 geothermal sites up from the 125 reported in 1978; and a total of 382 geochemical analyses are compiled, up from the 236 reported in 1978. Six geothermal areas are recommended for further investigation: Trimble Hot Springs, Orvis Hot Springs, an area southeast of Pagosa Springs, the eastern San Luis Valley, Rico and Dunton area, and Cottonwood Hot Springs.

  14. UPR/Mayaguez High Energy Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    López, Angel M.

    2015-10-27

    For the period of sixteen years covered by this report (June 1, 1997 - July 31, 2013) the High Energy Physics Group at the University of Puerto Rico’s Mayaguez Campus (UPRM) carried out an extensive research program that included major experiments at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), the Cornell Electron-positron Collider and CERN. In particular, these were E831 (FOCUS) at Fermilab, CLEOc at Cornell and the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. The group’s history is one of successful execution and growth. Beginning with one faculty researcher in 1985, it eventually included four faculty researchers, one post-doctoral research associate, two undergraduates and as many as six graduate students at one time working on one of the experiments that discovered the Higgs boson. Some of this expansion was due to the group’s leveraging of funds from the Department of Energy’s core grant to attract funds from National Science Foundation programs not targeted to high energy physics. Besides the group’s research productivity, its other major contribution was the training of a large number of MS students who later went on to successful technical careers in industry as well as academia including many who obtained PhD degrees at US universities. In an attempt to document this history, this final report gives a general description of the Group’s work prior to June 1, 2010, the starting date for the last grant renewal period. Much more detail can, of course, be found in the annual reports submitted up to that date. The work during the last grant period is discussed in detail in a separate section. To summarize the group’s scientific accomplishments, one can point to the results of the experiments. Both FOCUS and CLEOc were designed to carry out precise measurements of processes involving the heavy quarks, charm and bottom. Heavy quarks are particularly interesting because, due to their mass, theoretical calculations based on the Standard Model have less uncertainty than those for the light quarks. Precise heavy quark experiments can therefore yield some of the best tests of the Standard Model and of the approximations that are made in calculating measurable observables. Both FOCUS and CLEOc were highly successful achieving significant improvement in the precision of measurements such as lifetimes and decay branching ratios. For example, FOCUS obtained a data sample that contained ten times as many heavy quark decay events as its predecessor. CMS was a big shift in the group’s research. During the first decade of the century it became clear that the LHC would be the world’s highest energy accelerator offering a unique opportunity for discovery. Given the UPRM’s group record of achievement, it was successful in obtaining admission to the CMS collaboration in March, 2006, becoming the first institution to do so that did not have a PhD program. CMS is one of two major experiments at the LHC. Although the plans are for these experiments to run for many years with increased energy and event rates, they have already achieved one of their principal goals. The test for the existence of the Higgs boson, a particle which plays a unique role in the Standard Model but had not been observed, was answered in the affirmative in 2012.The particular contributions of the UPRM group to these experiments make up the majority of this report although other contributions such as the training of students, outreach to the general community and the organization of scientific meetings are also discussed.

  15. COMPNAME","COMPID","YEAR","PLANTNAME","KIND","CONSTRUC","INSTALLED","MAXCAP","NE

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    EQUIP","TOTCOST","COSTCAP","GROSSEXP","OPERENG","FUEL","COOLANTS","STEXP","STOTH","STTRANS","ELECEXP","MISCST","RENTS","MAINSUP","MAINSTRUC","MAINBOIL","MAINELEC","MAINMISC","TOTPROD","EXPKWH","UNITCL","QUANTCL","AVGHEATCL","ACDELCL","ACBURNCL","ACBTUCL","ACNETGENCL","ABTUNETGCL","UNITGAS","QUANTGAS","AVGHEATGAS","ACDELGAS","ACBURNGAS","ACBTUGAS","ACNETGNGAS","ABTUNETGAS","UNITOIL","QUANTOIL","AVGHEATOIL","ACDELOIL","ACBURNOIL","ACBTUOIL","ACNETGNOIL","ABTUNETOIL" "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Sequoyah","Nuclear","01/01/81",,2441160,2303000,8760,1008,1.8570502e+10,3184031,533636867,2488511062,3025331960,1239,33187938,21080862,86166618,4316783,11925073,0,0,13329621,28360769,0,16330987,1528775,8295886,3650336,7012139,201997849,11,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MillionBTU",189924066,0,0,0,0.43,0.04,10230 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Watts Bar","Nuclear","01/01/96","1/1/1996",1269000,1200000,8208,728,8230350000,1953589,2108999339,4827648621,6938601549,5468,30551823,12179502,38261150,3963151,7056493,0,0,10400580,24553068,0,14243155,2328791,9244870,870737,990214,124091711,15,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MillionBTU",84467683,0,0,0,0.43,0.04,10260 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Johnsonville","Gas Turbine","01/01/75","1/1/1975",1088000,1407000,8760,14,256798000,0,6064116,119609619,125673735,116,112893140,2747882,9870790,0,0,0,0,0,477926,0,2274,1326,0,475339,7436,13582973,53,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",24224936,139600,0,0.41,0.03,0,13170 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Gallatin","Gas Turbine","01/01/75","1/1/1975",325200,431000,8760,8,176258000,0,3324533,63486109,66810642,205,80539157,665541,6810251,0,0,0,0,0,151587,0,1339166,1553,0,3922,4338,8976358,51,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",2252179,1024,0,2.67,2.61,0,0,"Gallons",2063233,139100,0,0.37,0,0.03,14710 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Browns Ferry","Nuclear","01/01/74","1/1/1977",3456000,2529000,8760,1085,1.771301e+10,890631,909522117,3830292072,4740704820,1372,47061477,58344025,102890781,3642332,11672365,0,0,16130309,26099224,0,5560106,0,25822517,1921329,0,252082988,14,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MillionBTU",186421503,0,0,0,0.53,0,10520 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Cumberland","Steam","01/01/73","1/1/1973",2600000,2591000,8760,323,1.6530325e+10,1829568,103903145,1638681020,1744413733,671,63827428,5077791,197194700,0,86656,0,0,3945,13987241,0,1210473,1306476,16946838,4232440,841362,240887922,15,"Tons",6868849,10459,26.16,27.86,1.2,0.01,9746,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Thomas H. Allen","Gas Turbine","01/01/71","1/1/1972",820300,622000,8760,9,264695000,0,3063638,102977658,106041296,129,1709273,879771,11709062,0,0,0,0,0,72128,0,301000,0,0,150309,2816,13115086,50,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",3589538,1024,0,3.06,3.03,0,0,"Gallons",1173222,139500,0,0.55,0,0.03,14460 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Colbert","Gas Turbine","01/01/72","1/1/1972",476000,420000,8760,7,326221000,0,2826177,64911682,67737859,142,3078759,1248563,12167389,0,0,0,0,0,69117,0,27275,0,0,74,2699,13515117,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",3866688,1024,0,2.8,2.71,0,0,"Gallons",3619161,138400,0,0.35,0,0.03,13670 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Bull Run","Steam","01/01/67","1/1/1967",950000,912000,8760,87,4389788000,2220883,35786684,300943172,338950739,357,21987402,2324904,50419615,0,2286709,0,0,1742,6906593,0,754423,481980,8505768,2788903,314448,74785085,17,"Tons",1593346,11895,28.85,30.74,1.24,0.01,9257,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Thomas H. Allen","Steam","01/01/59","1/1/1959",990000,858000,8760,122,4102572000,142024,73025058,451231229,524398311,530,20254094,1206283,60294160,0,16,0,0,0,9854407,0,392524,824748,8011764,5402527,184253,86170682,21,"Tons",2039487,9680,25.5,29.45,1.39,0.01,10585,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Watts Bar","Steam","01/01/42","1/1/1945",240000,0,8760,0,-1381000,11997,4933530,18578656,23524183,98,-6629,177,0,0,0,0,0,0,109802,0,908,5,0,0,0,110892,-80,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Paradise","Steam","01/01/63","1/1/1970",2558200,2286000,8760,296,1.4181992e+10,8519495,115906466,1287447341,1411873302,552,57696636,6093708,168293657,0,752026,0,0,536,10779025,0,3529172,4127133,18094770,3094627,676700,215441354,15,"Tons",6332104,10413,21.43,26.2,1.14,0.01,10280,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Gallatin","Steam","01/01/56","1/1/1959",1255200,992000,8760,131,7002818000,690082,44703289,427469961,472863332,377,5073325,1612720,80238724,0,1258244,0,0,73323,7350012,0,1803476,714460,6039653,3054984,792751,102938347,15,"Tons",3266195,9540,22.99,24.49,1.19,0.01,9651,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"John Sevier","Steam","01/01/55","1/1/1957",800000,748000,8760,129,5522165000,1570328,37309270,253176616,292056214,365,2993416,946133,70531483,0,3286201,0,0,0,4864155,0,569877,953882,3537596,666934,559907,85916168,16,"Tons",2120222,11710,32.44,33.21,1.3,0.01,9802,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Kingston","Steam","01/01/54","1/1/1955",1700000,1583000,8760,275,1.0147089e+10,3475653,55125946,433125237,491726836,289,31839874,1201130,133624099,0,732904,0,0,671,15993919,0,2888077,697638,10886872,3114678,359796,169499784,17,"Tons",4038449,11134,31.75,32.96,1.34,0.01,9845,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Colbert","Steam","01/01/55","1/1/1965",1350000,1283000,8760,222,6557785000,279029,50717782,608908796,659905607,489,12808186,3684548,92134159,0,115314,0,0,3096,11894009,0,1552144,1216679,16776178,4392373,150021,131918521,20,"Tons",2890398,10787,27.4,31.47,1.38,0.01,10066,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Shawnee","Steam","01/01/53","1/1/1956",1750000,1368000,8760,264,8060005000,504507,64076435,534941906,599522848,343,20760203,5379072,113531307,0,6565666,0,0,278,7470171,0,2988378,2163530,11022440,5415043,396055,154931940,19,"Tons",3766896,10234,28.54,29.83,1.34,0.01,10474,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Johnsonville","Steam","01/01/51","1/1/1959",1485200,1213000,8760,269,6638234000,87967,76839994,522564850,599492811,404,5328716,12443723,83697340,0,-481100,0,0,6321,6501533,0,2973740,1891947,6444598,2867797,430252,116776151,18,"Tons",2922958,11389,26.49,28.52,1.16,0.01,10912,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Widows Creek","Steam","01/01/52","1/1/1965",1968760,1652000,8760,332,8498846000,855691,74795817,748521437,824172945,419,22653730,3695032,119092329,0,6555644,0,0,1697,9854746,0,1449646,2594983,13869309,4635675,4932791,166681852,20,"Tons",3858785,10808,28.8,30.16,1.27,0.01,10896,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"PALO VERDE 17.49%","n","01/01/86","01/01/88",666364,659000,8760,0,5317709000,1244457,281584974,735793972,1018623403,1529,6013000,4282694,25651422,2986065,4032493,0,0,2276671,26939892,0,5837013,1933729,6303817,3749209,2418208,86411213,16,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBTU",57406,0,0,440.13,0.44,0.01,10795,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"San Tan","Combined Cy","01/01/74","01/01/75",414000,292000,4112,43,714062000,149179,2773141,65463525,68385845,165,-5000,380221,14107193,0,1594474,0,0,0,845877,0,332730,170816,0,7389209,249749,25070269,35,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",6579686,1017,2.12,2.12,2.08,0.02,9372,"BBL",291,485968,0,24.61,4.22,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"SOLAR PV1 & PV2","So1ar","01/01/98","01/01/98",216,100,3000,0,119493,0,0,1676818,1676818,7763,1852000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"KYRENE","Steam","01/01/52","01/01/54",108000,106000,736,12,50072000,313326,2433283,15283485,18030094,167,726000,180057,1483303,0,338591,0,0,169009,304652,0,157896,27729,608781,344347,214929,3829294,76,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",651225,1016,2.16,2.16,2.12,0.03,13215,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"KYRENE","Gas Turbine","01/01/71","01/01/73",226850,149000,290,0,18990000,0,0,16888448,16888448,74,0,114913,724438,0,85074,0,0,0,40298,0,64493,11249,0,291038,96634,1428137,75,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",281631,1017,2.09,2.09,2.06,0.04,15094,"BBL",60,488889,0,24.61,4.19,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"MOHAVE 10%","Steam","01/01/71","01/01/71",163620,158000,8715,0,996913000,42812,5046928,50920964,56010704,342,1221000,250561,13703464,0,389195,0,0,245787,1776796,-12611,497248,178489,1673455,685271,112185,19499840,20,"Tons",457815,10939,28.47,29.64,1.35,0.01,10093,"MCF",45107,1028,0,2.94,2.86,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"CORONADO","Steam","01/01/79","01/01/80",821880,760000,8760,213,5039392000,8300198,158523884,696108809,862932891,1050,7523000,1228492,96325127,0,4607490,0,0,403466,4002498,10446,1754276,1703703,12035645,3902862,1238765,127212770,25,"Tons",2632698,9886,34.53,35.42,1.79,0.02,10357,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",24155,137315,24.21,26.79,4.65,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"CRAIG 29%","Steam","01/01/79","01/01/81",259414,248000,8760,0,2050747000,83589,52424794,181936864,234445247,904,680000,368849,22362014,0,1036824,0,0,425951,1689040,12271,323682,251566,1760910,701820,370069,29302996,14,"Coal",1040589,10060,22.56,21.42,1.06,0.01,10223,"MCF",28100,1000,0,2.49,2.49,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"CROSS CUT","Steam","01/01/42","01/01/49",30000,3000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"NAVAJO 21.7%","Steam","01/01/74","01/01/76",522857,488000,8760,539,3676183000,42866,27115117,246304509,273462492,523,5605000,1396220,45545213,0,1123640,0,0,257918,3750053,132023,667722,165042,7069421,2110905,434407,62652564,17,"Tons",1685726,10956,23.51,26.74,1.22,0.01,10061,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",8625,139078,22.75,28.63,4.9,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"NAVAJO 100%","Steam","01/01/74","01/01/76",2409480,2250000,8760,539,1.6020912e+10,197537,124954457,1135043822,1260195816,523,25829493,6236459,196347455,0,5554459,0,0,1293757,8406791,0,3306198,769371,29759456,10024854,2263428,263962228,16,"Tons",7339290,10979,23.5,26.63,1.21,0.01,10074,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",39756,139079,22.75,22.47,3.85,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"FOUR CORNERS 10%","Steam","01/01/69","01/01/70",163620,148000,8760,0,1176172000,11573,7334703,91939839,99286115,607,37000,105696,11684589,0,978340,0,0,90099,1040379,83795,135949,61864,1112429,291525,340786,15925451,14,"Tons",644302,8885,17.41,17.97,1.01,0.01,9757,"MCF",26430,1008,0,4.13,4.1,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"HAYDEN 50%","Steam","01/01/76","01/01/76",137700,131000,6809,0,812423000,482702,13855905,64632670,78971277,574,16419000,157050,8427442,0,469402,0,0,101091,1360780,0,245277,92834,431566,123971,241674,11651087,14,"Tons",413486,10561,22.49,20.28,0.96,0.01,10759,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",1248,138870,26.63,32.67,5.6,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"AGUA FRIA","Steam","01/01/57","01/01/61",390472,407000,4062,62,888092000,139014,5833721,51714773,57687508,148,23000,345003,21091146,0,1032200,0,0,1186582,715713,0,741888,530777,2232219,897096,413430,29186054,33,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",9553025,1009,2.14,2.14,2.12,0.02,10859,"BBL",3,500000,0,24.61,4.1,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"AGUA FRIA","Gas Turbine","01/01/74","01/01/75",222950,197000,451,0,42223000,0,299904,22692012,22991916,103,0,108584,1469697,0,233742,0,0,0,36481,0,284381,9332,0,296342,34359,2472918,59,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",617372,1007,2.12,0,2.1,0.03,14371,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Alexandria City",298,1999,,"STEAM","01/01/56","01/01/74",171000,170000,5326,20,194429,0,0,0,0,0,0,708998,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,199997,14994,0,404462,0,1328451,6833,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",2346281,10,2.24,2.24,2.14,0.03,12.45,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Ames City of",554,1999,,"STEAM","01/01/50",,102500,103000,8760,45,381623000,0,0,0,0,0,0,4120850,6152121,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,10272971,27,,239196,8800,25.72,25.72,1.46,0.02,11031,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Ames City of",554,1999,,"GAS TURBINE","01/01/72","1/1/1972",22000,18000,95,0,1007000,0,0,0,0,0,0,9422,53460,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,62882,62,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,99000,137300,0.54,0.54,3.93,0.05,13498 "Anaheim City of",590,1999,,"GAS TRUBINE","01/01/90","01/01/91",49270,45998,638,6,27719000,0,9226000,27237000,36463000,740,0,280835,699954,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,187223,0,0,0,1146979,2314991,84,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",258683,1009,2.76,2.76,2.74,25.7,9394,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Anchorage City of",599,1999,"#1","4 Gas 2 Int","01/01/62","01/01/72",85000,33000,1010,14,9983618,80839,3457655,22418738,25957232,305,380194,55796,353989,0,0,0,0,809120,0,3922,67280,67353,0,442853,0,1800313,180,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,273580,0,1000,1.38,1.38,1.38,0.03,19744,778,0,133500,33.82,33.82,6.03,0,0 "Anchorage City of",599,1999,"#2","3 Gas 1 Ste","01/01/75","01/01/84",243200,151000,19516,30,759258360,11240,8928538,75136820,84076598,346,5364843,257796,10642281,0,678572,0,0,1623991,233929,0,330573,231135,303990,1190866,118352,15611485,21,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7701758,0,1000,1.38,1.38,1.38,0.01,10144,570,0,133500,34.71,34.71,6.19,0,0 "Austin City of",1009,1999,"Downtown","Gas Turbine","01/01/54","01/01/54",5500,5000,0,0,493000,0,0,1065016,1065016,194,0,142,36663,0,0,0,0,7532,0,0,143,0,0,142049,0,186529,378,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1347,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1009,1999,"Northeast","Steam","01/01/71","01/01/71",31500,31300,7566,24,120607160,70498,2376720,5711293,8158511,259,0,42490,2760067,0,395223,0,0,366434,798118,0,24135,51518,290200,20129,3652,4751966,39,"TON",58175,12000,39.8,39.48,1.64,0.02,12637,"MCF",125541,1020,2.75,2.75,2.7,0.03,12648,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1009,1999,"Downtown","Steam","01/01/35","01/01/54",27500,22500,465,11,4508000,24099,1221355,5587700,6833154,248,0,31568,193351,0,41643,0,0,12652,492890,0,23781,136549,88433,55977,1897,1078741,239,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",70119,1020,2.75,2.75,2.7,0.04,15874,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"DECKER TURBINES","GAS TURBINE","01/01/88","01/01/88",200000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"DECKER SOLAR","SOLAR","01/01/86","01/01/86",300,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"DECKER","STEAM","01/01/70","01/01/77",726000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"HOLLY","STEAM","01/01/60","01/01/74",558000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"SEAHOLM","STEAM","01/01/51","01/01/55",120000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Braintree Town of",2144,1999,"Potter II","Gas Turbine","01/01/77","01/01/77",97500,79500,1284,27,72929000,20271,3762859,18429374,22212504,228,132748,176565,2625145,0,1154442,0,0,0,0,0,158096,316309,488498,491410,262035,5672500,78,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",931167,1035,3.03,3.03,2.92,0.03,11631,"BBLS",14190,138809,15.72,15.72,2.7,0.03,10520 "Brownsville Public Utils Board",2409,1999,"SILAS RAY","STEAM GAS T","01/01/46","01/01/77",155000,197000,5256,29,206,528443,4499041,192117166,197144650,1272,0,205477,6239714,0,1311,0,0,155739,309455,0,74856,224382,203068,176038,1264465,8854505,42983034,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",2346974,1059,2.65,2.65,2.5,0.03,12048,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Bryan City of",2439,1999,,"Gas Turbine","01/01/70","01/01/87",39,30,265,8,5177,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,311874,0,0,0,0,499578,0,0,0,0,0,216081,0,1027533,198480,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",72688,1000,3.8,3.8,3.8,0.06,29839,"Bbl29839",639,128000,55.63,55.63,7.12,0.06,29839 "Bryan City of",2442,1999,"Bryan Municipal","STEAM, GAS","01/01/55","01/01/74",138000,115000,0,20,118273000,0,7590674,7546886,15137560,110,46427,76607,3529286,0,372623,0,0,606045,154868,9320,63805,20315,520977,159461,31344,5544651,47,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1626575,1,2.25,2.25,2.21,0.03,14.05,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Bryan City of",2442,1999,"Roland C. Dandy","STEAM","01/01/77","01/01/77",105000,106000,0,19,461142000,1183486,10201555,18752019,30137060,287,105283,76291,11510542,0,391030,0,0,512056,181517,12858,53081,31539,405327,91686,57727,13323654,29,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",5120070,1,2.24,2.24,2.21,0.02,11.36,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Burlington City of",2548,1999,"Gas Turbine","Gas Turbine","01/01/71","01/01/71",25500,25000,106,1,2093500,13587,531143,3214616,3759346,147,17164,6073,130467,0,0,0,0,324,5442,16648,0,0,0,75762,0,234716,112,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",6016,137674,20.61,21.69,3.75,0.06,16616 "Burlington City of",2548,1999,"Joseph C McNeil GenrЬ ","Steam","01/01/84","01/01/84",50,53,4305,48,183109400,278455,18147811,50484579,68910845,1378217,571376,140467,6439721,0,788415,0,0,291816,360657,0,131396,35661,553086,1325161,20193,10086573,55,"Wood-Tons",263762,4750,23.46,23.52,2.47,0.03,13742,"MCF",66041,1012124,2.82,2.82,2.78,0.24,86785,"BBL",2260,136430,20.13,21.19,3.7,0,71.02 "Cedar Falls City of",3203,1999,"Streeter Station","Steam","01/01/63","01/01/73",51500,50000,1650,23,38111600,281328,3758281,14375110,18414719,358,699506,97410,1113417,0,230220,0,0,102634,142771,0,90418,180725,588058,55402,9122,2610177,68,"Tons",19527,12429,38.79,36.49,1.47,0.02,14033.99,"MCF",49410,1000,2.75,2.75,2.75,0.04,14033.99,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Cedar Falls City of",3203,1999,"Combustion Turbine","Combustion","01/01/68","01/01/68",25000,20000,193,0,2814300,70777,134588,3497629,3702994,148,3062,4978,122537,0,0,0,0,5713,0,0,6674,9708,0,32837,0,182447,65,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",50599,1000,2.42,2.42,2.42,0.04,17979.25,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "California Dept-Wtr Resources",3255,1999,"Reid Garner #4","Steam-coal","01/01/83","01/01/83",275000,250000,0,96,1597086000,319709000,0,0,319709000,1163,0,0,22054817,0,0,0,0,0,21659183,0,0,0,0,0,0,43714000,27,"Tons",672949,11858,0,13.11,1.31,0.01,11079,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",7515,133622,0,25,4.55,0.05,11570 "California Dept-Wtr Resources",3255,1999,"BottleRock & S Geysep","Steam-Geoth","01/01/85","01/01/85",55000,0,0,0,0,10000,0,0,10000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,553000,0,0,0,0,0,0,553000,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Chanute City of",3355,1999,"Plant #3","Internal Co","01/01/85","01/01/91",31915,39975,595,8,10378156,50000,612000,15500000,16162000,506,0,369525,245371,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,166666,0,0,136912,0,918474,89,"N/A",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",78668,1000,2.66,2.66,2.66,0.02,0.02,"Barrels",3969,138000,26.57,26.57,0.08,0.01,0.01 "PUD No 1 of Clark County",3660,1999,"River Road CCCT","Gas Turbine","01/01/97","01/01/97",248000,258504,7058,21,1711891704,1053160,141767983,13187783,156008926,629,2319343,4203148,23066109,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,91900,0,0,0,27361157,16,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",11463,1060,2042,2012,1.9,0.01,7114,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Clarksdale City of",3702,1999,,"Combine Cyc","01/01/71","01/01/71",25550,24000,2149,6,43507,0,0,4581109,4581109,179,0,10000,1053091,0,0,0,0,130000,80000,0,10000,0,12009,328580,0,1623680,37320,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",374997,1000,2.8,2.8,2.8,0.02,8.62,"BBL",70,142.5,23.14,23.14,3.86,0.05,13.99 "Clarksdale City of",3702,1999,,"Gas Turbine","01/01/65","01/01/65",11500,11500,754,6,12158,0,0,1445133,1445133,126,0,10000,478409,0,0,0,0,100000,50000,0,20000,0,0,226974,0,885383,72823,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",169662,1000,2.8,2.8,2.8,0.03,13.99,"BBL",115,142.5,23.14,23.14,3.86,0.07,20.18 "Coffeyville City o",3892,1999,"COFFEYVILLE","STEAM","01/01/01","01/01/73",56985,55900,4013,23,68578900,0,0,0,0,0,0,57285,2419645,0,0,0,0,0,1146750,0,0,0,8610,0,0,3632290,53,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MMBTU",938070,1000,2.25,2.58,2.58,0.03,1368,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Coldwater Board of Public Util",3915,1999,,"Steam","01/01/00","01/01/64",11125,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,68864,7301,41,105,51389,127700,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Coldwater Board of Public Util",3915,1999,,"Diesel","01/01/48","01/01/78",13250,45933,1719,6,7081208,0,0,0,0,0,0,40423,214682,0,0,0,0,37863,0,0,0,12739,0,71418,0,377125,53,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",65604,9530000,2.84,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",1725,126000,17.7,0,0,0,0 "Colorado Springs City of",3989,1999,"Birdsall","Steam-Gas","01/01/53","01/01/57",62500,4500,1717,4,20716000,10761,2593301,11384249,13988311,224,0,67716,1180669,0,107787,0,0,227078,88988,0,31363,89311,290603,224308,38374,2346197,113,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",412714,806,2.83,2.83,3.52,0.06,16212,"GALLONS",22000,137420,0.11,0.11,0.81,0.01,16212 "Colorado Springs City of",3989,1999,"Drake","Steam-Gas","01/01/25","01/01/74",257300,256000,8760,106,1484262000,2725551,23014851,80547185,106287587,413,0,1059853,25816108,0,1094453,0,0,3228406,1184954,0,462905,237248,4111443,1735831,152472,39083673,26,"TONS",769313,10914,29.13,31.49,1.44,0.01,11585,"MCF",494125,808,2.73,2.73,3.38,0.03,11585,"BARRELS",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Colorado Springs City of",3989,1999,"Nixon","Steam-Gas","01/01/80","01/01/80",207000,214000,6081,81,1117841000,5059222,39785705,107090082,151935009,734,0,969721,11571054,0,779121,0,0,1343687,1057607,0,489855,218501,3309067,2974204,146609,22859426,20,"TONS",538337,10432,18.31,18.84,0.9,0,10120,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",13952,136738,24.87,24.87,4.33,0.04,10120 "Colorado Springs City of",3989,1999,"CTS","Gas","01/01/99","01/01/99",71660,73000,458,0,22292000,418573,123167,32084223,32625963,455,0,0,715385,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,26204,0,741589,33,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",291394,983,2.89,2.87,2.92,0.03,12852,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Columbia City of",4045,1999,,"Steam/Gas T","01/01/10","01/01/70",86000,226000,8760,46,62152000,115894,3578025,15986526,19680445,229,5320808,43503,2133251,0,531664,0,0,967929,376491,0,170114,28005,512239,452108,0,5215304,84,"Tons",37319,13265,53.83,53.69,2.02,3.22,15930,"Mcf",34179,0,3.64,3.64,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Columbus City of",4065,1999,"O'Shaughnessy",,,,5000,5000,0,1,5860000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,49898,0,0,0,0,0,2864,0,52762,9,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Concord City of",4150,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,545243,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Connecticut Mun Elec Engy Coop",4180,1999,"Millstone Unit 3","Nuclear (e)","01/01/86","01/01/86",1253100,1164700,7329,933,8277624400,0,20415627,29930688,50346315,40,0,324496,363329,24201,162455,0,0,48209,296706,13608,313554,74201,315415,228127,1354,2165655,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Dalton City of",4744,1999,"Wansley 1 & 2","Coal fired","01/01/76","01/01/78",22220,0,0,0,149590620,0,0,9113036,9113036,410,28304,29233,2186381,0,24950,0,0,15863,81536,0,42895,19710,138435,167350,13819,2720172,18,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Dalton City of",4744,1999,"Scherer 1 & 2","Coal fired","/ /","01/01/84",22680,0,0,0,144814966,0,0,13467749,13467749,594,50818,27106,2605498,0,25617,0,0,15303,77539,0,34949,22981,256897,16076,11927,3093893,21,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Denton City of",5063,1999,"SPENCER PLANT","STEAM","01/01/55","01/01/73",179000,259100,11980,36,305539695,0,0,0,0,0,0,233373,9138796,0,348227,0,0,468112,432003,0,71604,11794,211613,467529,210327,11593378,38,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",3800668,1,2.24,2.24,2.24,2.99,12.43,"BBl",0,139.68,7.82,0,0,0,0 "Eugene City of",6022,1999,"Willamette","Steam","01/01/31","01/01/50",25000,0,0,0,0,0,0,1189332,1189332,48,0,0,260,0,1204,0,0,-975,0,0,0,0,0,5095,7459,13043,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Eugene City of",6022,1999,"Energy Center","Steam","01/01/76","01/01/76",51200,41000,0,0,192829000,1280,320371,7521672,7843323,153,0,13058,1366594,0,0,0,0,261785,0,0,0,94,0,127793,0,1769324,9,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,321587,0,2.51,0,0,0,2495.24,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Farmington City of",6204,1999,"ANIMAS","STEAM-COMBI","01/01/55","01/01/94",32180,28000,7808,14,170805000,5968,1109574,25033191,26148733,813,0,70145,3611891,0,225548,0,0,460952,226694,0,122984,0,217797,1021413,38103,5995527,35,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1668856,1013,2.13,2.13,2.1,0.02,9897,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Farmington City of",6204,1999,"SAN JUAN","STEAM-COAL","/ /","/ /",4300042200,43000,7919,10,293222700,0,5471749,62874731,68346480,0,0,71242,5641682,0,114021,0,0,120758,93838,131,62021,34762,382623,77158,65298,6663534,23,"TONS",167448,9421,32.33,32.33,1.72,0.01,10774,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Fayetteville Public Works Comm",6235,1999,"Butler-Warner Gen PtP","Gas-Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/88",303400,276500,1134,33,0,749336,5123088,100277060,106149484,350,4108529,0,-6665,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,292639,-141172,144802,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1724674,1046,2.72,2.72,2.6,0.03,12249.5,"Barrels",4,138800,27.15,27.87,4.78,0.06,13375.25 "Fort Pierce Utilities Auth",6616,1999,"Steam","Steam","01/01/21","01/01/89",120011,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,564929,6990,0,231196,0,0,428922,138247,0,21508,56082,204594,1437831,87424,3177723,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Freeport Village of Inc",6775,1999,"Power Plant #1","Internal Co",,"01/01/64",13190,0,0,9,2066120,5022,1113459,3036221,4154702,315,51721,42612,209909,0,0,0,0,518539,0,0,0,79604,0,0,0,850664,412,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",293755,138788,0.81,0.68,0.18,0.97,14.88 "Freeport Village of Inc",6775,1999,"Power Plant #2","Internal Co","1/1/1968","01/01/73",37390,57000,1,9,1277200,1827,3178208,8088951,11268986,301,0,52596,205053,0,0,0,0,634322,0,28573,0,101784,0,0,0,1022328,800,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",319336,138788,0.86,0.64,0.13,0.16,9.2 "Fremont City of",6779,1999,"Wright","Steam","01/01/56","01/01/76",132700,83390,8760,47,336075,202231,5905920,42850719,48958870,369,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"DEERHAVEN","STEAM (330-","01/01/69","01/01/81",327500,290000,12226,0,1352589900,254025,31881608,176716069,208851702,638,0,357675,29040171,0,1948913,669408,0,709824,318849,0,0,234571,2947099,1471570,212996,37911076,28,"Tons",434183,13091,0,43.31,1.65,0.02,10917.81,"Mcf",3363772,1047,0,2.65,2.53,0.03,12133.79,"Barrels",37465,152355.8,0,17.6,2.75,0.03,11346.38 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"DEERHAVEN","GAS TURBINE","01/01/76","01/01/97",121000,106000,1766,0,84018600,0,1321304,28064043,29385347,243,0,39742,3231130,0,28286,26111,0,2792,9961,0,0,15073,36357,60563,3746,3453761,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1122969,1047,0,2.86,2.74,0.04,14030.74,"Barrels",692,139057.2,0,20.13,3.45,0.06,18331.59 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"CRYSTAL RIVER","NUCLEAR","01/01/77","01/01/77",12530,13000,8736,0,100282800,3267,4269194,7051636,11324097,904,0,649986,434350,0,10743,21,0,0,421140,180700,453410,74742,63458,47809,56124,2392483,24,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mmbtu",1060237,1,0,0.41,0.41,0,10572.47,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"KELLY","STEAM (310,","01/01/13","01/01/65",69000,70000,6288,38,122927200,29000,3448845,16424862,19902707,288,0,116270,4283336,0,725363,41979,0,353107,42098,0,37872,118991,299095,266800,56631,6341542,52,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1386371,1041,0,2.8,2.69,0.04,1359.07,"Barrels",27416,150944,0,14.6,2.3,0.03,11701.63 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"KELLY","GAS TURBINE","01/01/38","01/01/65",48900,23000,187,0,1323700,0,3911,6914299,6918210,141,0,2848,102069,0,3654,898,0,156,983,0,56884,2806,253,6844,9228,186623,141,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",34317,1041,0,2.97,2.85,0.08,27441.76,"Barrels",125,137462.3,0,2.18,0.38,0.01,33607.61 "Garland City of",6958,1999,"C E Newman","Steam","01/01/57","01/01/64",90,0,0,15,52988540,0,0,0,0,0,0,393626,2065599,0,337730,0,0,304378,0,0,0,95143,576059,204996,14547,3992078,75,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",751031,1027,2.68,2.68,2.61,0.03,14558,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Garland City of",6958,1999,"Ray Olinger","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/75",340,0,0,53,1124489300,352431,77747728,0,78100159,229706,0,925754,28773849,0,899894,0,0,340126,0,0,75135,141289,2796239,1696904,58564,35707754,32,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",12530666,1015,2.29,2.29,2.25,0.02,11307,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Glendale City of",7294,1999,"Grayson Power Plant","C.C. 8 & St","01/01/77","01/01/77",98000,30000,6550,46,83627000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2304766,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2304766,28,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,885159,1032,2.6,2.6,2.52,0.02,10922,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Glendale City of",7294,1999,"Grayson Power Plant","Steam 3, 4,","01/01/53","01/01/64",117000,79000,8095,46,235016000,0,0,0,0,0,0,83118,12398533,0,2564287,0,0,0,199205,0,21789,81361,407902,1157488,0,16913683,72,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,6354878,665,1.96,1.96,2.94,0.04,13452,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Glendale City of",7294,1999,"Grayson Power Plant","Gas Turbine","01/01/72","01/01/74",53000,1000,34332,46,295600,0,0,0,0,0,0,60626,127128,0,0,0,0,0,312,0,0,0,73,124,0,188263,637,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,49491,1032,2.57,2.57,2.49,0.04,17276,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand Haven City of",7483,1999,"Sims 111","Steam","01/01/61","01/01/83",65000,65640,7248,34,325839300,194823,17546372,59386460,77127655,1187,608741,60314,5842025,0,518785,0,0,229677,414863,0,31843,59567,1244336,91370,29265,8522045,26,"tons",160760,11367,0,36.34,1.59,17.93,11338,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",13850,1000,0,4.34,0,0,0 "Grand Haven City of",7483,1999,"Diesel Plant","internal co","01/01/31","01/01/74",20430,9030,28,1,72500,27458,445645,4740308,5213411,255,22625,776,38089,0,0,0,0,0,30018,0,0,2297,0,0,74851,146031,2014,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",933,1000,0,4.34,11.87,525.39,44239,"brls",376,144000,0,0.05,0,0,0 "Grand River Dam Authority",7490,1999,"GRDA #1","STEAM","01/01/81","01/01/81",490000,519,8044,97,3074727000,1689890,98855201,234243925,334789016,683,0,134410,29404628,0,904037,0,0,798928,375518,0,169174,314792,2121091,430639,266073,34919290,11,"TONS",1895637,8384,14.42,14.42,0.86,0,10337.97,"MCF",107483,1006,2.44,2.44,2.39,0,35.72,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand River Dam Authority",7490,1999,"GRDA #2","STEAM","01/01/86","01/01/86",520000,553,8023,120,2084345000,0,53986144,402596506,456582650,878,0,83334,20574802,0,2216945,0,0,525668,233196,0,104888,178859,2453678,344835,172902,26889107,13,"TONS",2049199,8701,14.76,15.18,0.87,0,10756.78,"MCF",67904,1006,2.52,2.52,2.46,0,20.98,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "PUD No 1 of Grays Harbor Cnty",7548,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,82928,2208894,12774993,15066815,0,0,61617,6477957,0,27174,0,0,0,581817,934,212,0,14634,18437,28696,7211478,0,"Tons",249975,8218,25.98,25.74,1.56,0.02,10782,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Greenwood Utilities Comm",7651,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,445,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Greenwood Utilities Comm",7651,1999,"Wright","Steam","1/1/1902","1/1/1955",17500,11721,1472,12,10291142,44232,477968,5142250,5664450,324,0,43208,293538,0,168488,0,0,154435,29059,1228,19461,29411,12072,62764,5858,819522,80,"Tons",140,13248,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",93243,1019,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Greenwood Utilities Comm",7651,1999,"Henderson","Steam","1/1/1960","1/1/1967",46179,40900,2903,23,50661210,117233,1499663,13202167,14819063,321,0,56586,2045916,0,255116,0,0,157434,117767,0,52669,867,272422,88793,111926,3159496,62,"Tons",545,13100,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",687608,1019,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",120,138486,0,0,0,0,0 "Harrisonburg City of",8198,1999,"PLEASANT VALLEY","GAS-TURBINE","01/01/97","01/01/98",14000,13795,0,2,1546628,18753,975623,6407017,7401393,529,0,9077,75597,0,0,0,0,10595,4440,0,0,5214,15176,0,188,120287,78,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"GALLONS",186918,0,0.4,0.4,0,0,0 "Harrisonburg City of",8198,1999,"MT. CLINTON","GAS-TURBINE","01/01/98","01/01/99",14000,8846,0,2,525731,0,139162,2862528,3001690,214,0,1057,18332,0,0,0,0,6844,366,0,0,5001,1332,0,21,32953,63,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"GALLONS",66356,0,0.4,0.4,0,0,0 "Henderson City Utility Comm",8449,1999,"STATION ONE","STEAM","01/01/51","01/01/68",40591,20000,0,30,4898138,0,2293070,8187353,10480423,258,0,312060,1078245,0,309093,0,0,263344,276291,0,0,14500,164236,186376,9722,2613867,534,"TONS",34517,11434,28.82,28.66,1.31,20.31,11501,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Henderson City Utility Comm",8449,1999,"STATION TWO","STEAM","01/01/73","01/01/74",350000,312000,0,0,2104822040,0,0,115186365,115186365,329,0,469431,479283,0,1971482,0,0,894387,491084,0,272097,167212,3356917,539212,306867,8947972,4,"TONS",249039,11435,23.99,24.09,1.05,10.97,11458,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Holland City of",8723,1999,"48th Street","Oil/Gas Tur","01/01/94","01/01/94",75300,75651,1207,0,55601071,336770,5131914,24597253,30065937,399,33140,0,1847609,0,0,0,0,304910,0,0,0,0,0,70013,0,2222532,40,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",717801,1020,2.6,2.6,2.55,0.03,13168,"Brls",2149,137000,29.4,29.4,5.11,0,222 "Holland City of",8723,1999,"James DeYoung","Steam","01/01/41","01/01/68",62250,55503,8760,45,321994740,803565,5456558,33980556,40240679,646,169931,203954,7360870,0,1786693,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1639115,0,10990632,34,"Tons",168615,12700,41,41,1.57,0.02,13300,"Mcf",4050,1020,3,3,2.94,0,13,"Brs",250,137000,29.4,29.4,5.11,0,4.46 "Holland City of",8723,1999,"6th Street","Oi/Gas Turb","01/01/74","/ /",24000,13000,54,0,139040,20548,219739,2965966,3206253,134,0,0,27012,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,11677,0,38689,278,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Brs",1208,137000,29.4,29.4,5.11,0.25,49992 "Holyoke City of",8774,1999,"Steam","Conventiona","01/01/02","01/01/61",25500,18000,272,32,-1054,143821,1991971,11336832,13472624,528,0,1028334,2937101,0,124366,0,0,0,0,0,416066,0,0,0,0,307775,-292007,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",57642,1020,2.74,2.74,2.68,0.05,23544,"Barrels",265,152297,16.24,22.59,3.53,0.05,23544 "Homestead City of",8795,1999,"G.W.","Int. Combus","01/01/26","01/01/81",59100,63000,8700,21,73393186,7431029,52158226,0,59589255,1008,3549232,0,2715528,0,0,0,0,211533,0,0,749417,13328,0,1665477,0,5355283,73,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCP",652925,1091,2.85,3.21,2.85,0,10060,"BARRELS",13090,140600,24,24,0,0,1038 "Terrebonne Parish Consol Govt",8884,1999,"Houm plnt","Stem","01/01/62","01/01/76",78950,67,8908,26,108812349,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",1412914,1,2.82,2.82,2.66,0.03,13778,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Hudson Town of",8973,1999,"Cherry St Station","Internal Co","01/01/00","01/01/72",15200,15200,328,10,2018120,3500,332760,3278258,3614518,238,0,29030,151138,0,0,0,0,177436,0,0,27887,98252,0,122644,0,606387,300,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,33210,910,2.98,2.98,3.27,0,0,,2307,140000,24.47,22.62,3.85,0.04,0 "Hudson Town of",8973,1999,"HLP Peaking","Internal Co","01/01/62","01/01/62",4400,4400,283,0,1552200,0,1503,711956,713459,162,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lafayette City of",9096,1999,"Doc Bonin","Steam","01/01/65","01/01/77",331500,276000,14682,26,772281,302436,6849008,50156340,57307784,173,1732453,190840,21238385,0,398587,0,0,563223,268406,0,110983,25741,202633,459320,729180,24187298,31319,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",8285542,1055,2.47,2.47,2.34,0.02,11586,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lafayette City of",9096,1999,"Curtis A. Rodemacherи","Steam","01/01/51","01/01/60",33700,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Hutchinson Utilities Comm",9130,1999,"NO.2","GAS TURBINE","01/01/75","01/01/95",90500,52000,3484,8,143171,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1199515,1000000,1.94,1.94,1.94,0.02,857,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Hutchinson Utilities Comm",9130,1999,"NO.1","INTERNAL CO","01/01/41","01/01/63",19280,13000,481,17,1411,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",10876,1000000,2.5,2.5,2.5,0.02,11409,"BARRELS",898,138500,21.33,21.33,3.67,0.04,11409 "Hutchinson Utilities Comm",9130,1999,"NO.1","GAS TURBINE","01/01/71","01/01/71",16000,12600,1947,17,18870,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",210955,1000000,2.16,2.16,2.16,0.02,11179,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"YUMA AXIS (YUCCA)","STEAM/GAS T","01/01/59","01/01/59",97000,88000,8721,26,352808000,64181,2260883,23196343,25521407,263,0,379434,10637888,0,935878,0,0,640464,495843,0,99827,69611,406661,211055,674585,14551246,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",4064674,1009,2.34,2.34,2.32,0.03,11.62,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"BRAWLEY","GAS TURBINE","01/01/62","01/01/62",22500,0,0,0,0,5071,76410,2726341,2807822,125,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1734,0,0,0,2153,82770,0,0,86657,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"ROCKWOOD","GAS TURBINE","01/01/77","01/01/80",49900,43000,449,3,8735400,3032,432127,10030106,10465265,210,0,48642,178668,0,0,0,0,31135,0,0,83679,478,0,196364,0,538966,62,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",120588,1009,2.77,2.77,2.75,0.03,13.81,"BBLS",309,139000,31.32,31.32,5.36,0.08,12.78 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"EC STEAM PLANT","STEAM","01/01/49","01/01/93",236000,200000,14438,32,346976000,145322,8507545,92188450,100841317,427,0,435334,9038913,0,564914,0,0,928726,354013,0,378925,35949,1083557,364726,297164,13482221,39,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",3854124,1009,2.73,2.73,2.7,0.03,11.2,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"COACHELLA PLANT","GAS TURBINE","01/01/73","01/01/76",92600,79900,484,3,8735400,0,660201,8509765,9169966,99,0,0,384991,0,0,0,0,16129,0,0,0,0,0,221825,0,622945,71,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",133342,1009,2.68,2.68,2.65,0.07,15.4,"BBLS",161,139000,19.82,19.82,3.4,0.03,15.49 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Station H","Combustion","01/01/72","01/01/72",43900,35000,768,0,9679000,0,264494,7881342,8145836,186,3650000,0,418654,0,0,0,0,259,6023,0,1558,1922,0,40063,6460,474939,49,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",165620,1006,2.52,2.52,2.5,4.32,17250,"barrel",70,137380,0,22.9,3.97,0,0 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Station I","Combustion","01/01/72","01/01/72",39200,20000,84,0,913000,0,302177,5529062,5831239,149,1900000,0,60551,0,0,0,0,165,6970,0,5781,13239,0,25841,31762,144309,158,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",2704,137380,19.9,22.39,3.88,6.63,17087 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Station J","Combustion","01/01/69","01/01/69",36000,25000,236,0,2002000,0,0,7805061,7805061,217,0,0,125702,0,0,0,0,222,1531,0,871,4113,0,24419,8730,165588,83,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",6516,137380,19.17,19.29,3.34,6.28,18779 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Missouri City","Steam","01/01/55","01/01/55",46000,39000,1671,4,15124000,35409,3991334,17761788,21788531,474,0,7082,502886,0,176489,0,0,179516,70526,0,12705,8751,225619,212687,60099,1456360,96,"tons",12047,11335,30.77,38.88,1.72,3.33,18669,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",1600,137380,20.32,22.13,3.83,0,0 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Blue Valley Steam","Steam","01/01/58","01/01/65",115000,84320,13965,66,241792052,334550,7113970,51575531,59024051,513,0,419819,4808525,0,524873,0,0,530126,996421,0,397024,47705,1359676,212400,446582,9743151,40,"tons",141859,10419,27.47,28,1.34,1.99,13563,"Mcf",318933,1007,2.6,2.6,2.58,0,0,"barrel",381,137380,19.7,29.02,5.03,0,0 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Blue Valley RCT","Gas Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/76",61000,0,0,0,-34900,0,79423,9483847,9563270,157,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6781,13176,0,85297,2666,107920,-3092,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",0,0,19.7,0,0,0,0 "Indiana Municipal Power Agency",9234,1999,"Anderson","Combustion","01/01/92","01/01/92",77400,0,677,1,16207699,338303,2059957,27858215,30256475,391,24719,109921,852328,0,0,0,0,-99533,0,0,0,0,0,35406,0,898122,55,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",221255,1008,3.76,3.76,0,0.03,13866,"Barrels",913,135000,0,21.44,0,0,0 "Indiana Municipal Power Agency",9234,1999,"Richmond","Combistion","01/01/92","01/01/92",77400,0,672,2,16681301,285908,1897137,27678416,29861461,386,24719,109412,777649,0,0,0,0,63041,0,0,0,0,0,113291,0,1063393,64,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",205930,1008,3.25,3.25,0,0.03,13826,"Barrels",4618,135000,0,22.83,0,0,0 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"St. Johns River Powr","Steam","01/01/87","01/01/88",1359200,1254800,16230,379,9769075000,8261567,216790382,1265014325,1490066274,1096,3558053,1278911,141047857,0,5601281,0,0,1074855,5428044,46697,1187268,2385486,20285812,4095589,1403840,183835640,19,"Ton",3747220,12457,34.89,34.89,1.42,0.02,9594,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"bbl",63214,139174,0,21.47,2.12,0,0 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Southside Station","Steam","01/01/50","01/01/64",231600,212500,10904,10,554635000,260352,9143119,32049310,41452781,179,1629842,271851,15520408,0,1599580,0,0,0,206567,0,326718,25186,630482,191705,280057,19052554,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",2507368,1060,0,2.34,3.06,0.03,11179,"Bbl",557864,151168,0,15.84,3.06,0.03,11179 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Northside Station","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/77",1158700,770000,15844,253,3351845000,2786108,56942751,225240754,284969613,246,33142204,2784678,74049151,0,5992982,0,0,44719,4602152,0,1374517,505398,7585701,1471833,857253,99268384,30,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",8655547,1061,0,2.25,2.88,0.02,10216,"Bbl",3945407,150694,0,13.69,2.88,0.02,10216 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Northside Station","Combustion","01/01/68","01/01/75",248400,133600,1573,0,37400000,0,13725,30470646,30484371,123,788220,0,2222304,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2222304,59,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Bbl",106276,141886,0,20.19,4.14,0.05,16933 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Kennedy Station","Steam","01/01/55","01/01/69",149600,99000,5097,10,347132000,1512681,17018214,28634062,47164957,315,401104,268512,9068081,0,772026,0,0,0,215330,0,64213,51497,330526,641660,660280,12072125,35,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",391837,1061,0,2.34,2.97,0.02,11107,"Bbl",540582,151503,0,14.74,2.97,0.02,11107 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Kennedy Station","Combustion","01/01/69","01/01/78",168600,154000,1125,0,42180000,0,1327436,21421124,22748560,135,25091556,0,2490159,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2490159,59,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Bbl",112392,139127,0,20.19,4.14,0.05,15570 "Jamestown City of",9645,1999,"Samuel A. Carlson","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/68",57700,49026,8760,35,150393293,431201,4905918,44660838,49997957,867,0,307142,3248587,0,767918,0,0,67674,0,0,323990,45918,307513,223184,92412,5384338,36,"Tons",90599,12698,32.64,32.62,1.3,0.02,15.15,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kansas City City of",9996,1999,"NEARMAN","STEAM","01/01/81","01/01/81",235000,0,6232,0,1163529000,1149455,33440175,132136477,166726107,709,0,2403060,10767308,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,4927543,0,0,0,0,18097911,16,"Tons",816559,11608,0,13.63,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",337856,0,0,0.53,0,0,0 "Kansas City City of",9996,1999,"QUINDARO","GAS TURBINE","01/01/61","01/01/77",121100,0,848,0,37328000,0,0,12878040,12878040,106,0,0,2472937,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,154961,0,0,0,0,2627898,70,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",82098,0,0,2.67,0,0,0,"Gallons",3996910,10968,0,0.56,0,0,0 "Kansas City City of",9996,1999,"Kaw","STEAM","01/01/55","01/01/62",144000,0,735,0,52780000,226366,10485751,61538861,72250978,502,0,1219250,2547603,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,120227,0,0,0,0,3887080,74,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",768569,14616,0,2.89,0,0,0,"Gallons",2470,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kansas City City of",9996,1999,"Quindaro","STEAM","01/01/66","01/01/71",232000,0,7553,0,432609000,318548,21469578,113626934,135415060,584,0,4220013,12201830,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6446514,0,0,0,0,22868357,53,"Tons",257094,10922,0,18.02,0,0,0,"MCF",136450,0,0,2.53,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kaukauna City of",10056,1999,"Gas-Turbine","Gas-Turbine","01/01/69","01/01/69",20000,20000,0,0,1633000,27532,147667,1773210,1948409,97,0,6258,0,0,0,0,0,5950,179,0,5243,0,0,25424,859,43913,27,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kaukauna City of",10056,1999,"Diesel","Internal Co","01/01/66","01/01/66",6000,6000,0,1,2547740,0,0,750737,750737,125,0,1797,0,0,0,0,0,17685,70,0,1675,0,0,119575,865,141667,56,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kennett City of",10152,1999,,,"01/01/42","01/01/75",31906,0,0,11,1634000,22309,787483,6445027,7254819,227,0,388548,59743,0,0,0,0,90225,0,0,0,0,0,71100,0,609616,373,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERAT","STOCK ISLAN","01/01/65","01/01/65",6000,1830,504,3,787200,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",1537,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.04,12420 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"BIG PINE & CUDJOE KE","PEAKING DIE","01/01/66","01/01/66",7800,6000,1241,3,1626000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",3240,147619,25.24,22.91,3.69,0.04,12353 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERAT","COMBUSTION","01/01/98","01/01/98",19770,17800,170,3,6338385,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",19072,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.07,18656 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERA","COMBUSTION","01/01/98","01/01/98",19770,17800,312,3,4201594,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",12081,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.06,17828 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERA","MEDIUM SPEE","01/01/92","01/01/92",19200,17400,1348,4,7680400,725946,2129491,33095400,35950837,1872,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",15168,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.04,12245 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERA","COMBUSION T","01/01/78","01/01/78",23450,20000,338,3,3341400,102063,3836252,41439758,45378073,1935,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",10618,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.07,19703 "Kissimmee Utility Authority",10376,1999,"Cane Island Unit 1","Gas Turbine","01/01/94","01/01/95",40000,40500,959,0,14625850,2178026,8322640,16405426,26906092,673,0,155794,616975,0,21370,0,0,0,47552,0,0,82207,42233,3552,0,969683,66,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kissimmee Utility Authority",10376,1999,"Cane Island Unit 2","Combined Cy","01/01/95","01/01/95",120000,120900,8016,0,410918450,0,18118934,33576386,51695320,431,0,574702,9819459,0,1048989,0,0,0,317852,44,602,7445,273743,228456,0,12271292,30,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kissimmee Utility Authority",10376,1999,"Hansel 8-20","Internal Co","01/01/59","01/01/80",18350,17800,1896,7,2753500,83022,1284485,18177017,19544524,1065,0,0,60138,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,60138,22,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kissimmee Utility Authority",10376,1999,"Hansel 21-23","Combined Cy","01/01/83","01/01/83",55000,52300,3391,23,48803800,188985,8733288,12117381,21039654,383,1360859,467366,1917038,0,669123,0,0,0,263562,0,0,9168,294075,290,407232,4027854,83,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lake Worth City of",10620,1999,"Tom G Smith","Gas Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/76",30000,0,0,0,9028400,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lake Worth City of",10620,1999,"Tom G Smith","Gas-Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/76",34000,0,10495,35,57950539,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lake Worth City of",10620,1999,"Tom G Smith","Internal Co","01/01/65","01/01/65",10000,0,1433,0,2538120,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"McIntosh","Steam","01/01/71",,404000,382000,7228,201,1839190600,1885069,31460078,296239998,329585145,816,8226431,522705,41752998,0,2155417,0,0,1371320,950229,0,705662,501402,5163353,1063922,1302923,55489931,30,"Tons",500198,12850,43.47,43.81,0,0,0,"MCF",5551769,953000,2.45,2.45,0,0,0,"BBLS",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"McIntosh","Internal Co","01/01/70","1/1/1970",5500,5500,344,0,892340,0,0,1320630,1320630,240,0,0,34735,0,0,0,0,9947,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,44682,50,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBLS",1518,138953,25.45,22.89,3.92,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"McIntosh","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","1/1/1973",20200,20000,284,0,22266010,0,0,4357281,4357281,216,21292755,0,764571,0,0,0,0,494377,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1258948,57,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",67719,953000,2.51,2.51,2.39,0,0,"BBLS",927,138953,25.45,23.77,4.07,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"Larsen","Steam","01/01/59","1/1/1966",70000,87000,3471,7,109781131,18222,3205076,39859999,43083297,615,1568340,-458515,4264086,0,661973,0,0,352157,157768,0,224398,35362,686445,74964,71417,6070055,55,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1067068,953000,2.52,2.52,2.4,0,0,"BBLS",62536,149341,15.9,15.4,2.46,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"Larsen","GasTurbine","01/01/62","1/1/1992",141000,144000,5825,39,519222486,10000,355941,47760931,48126872,341,1320675,0,14688881,0,0,0,0,57111,49377,0,75387,135332,474794,0,18035,15498917,30,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",4954465,953000,2.5,2.5,2.38,0,0,"BBLS",778,138657,18.94,23.73,4.07,0,0 "Lansing City of",10704,1999,"Erickson","Steam","01/01/73","01/01/73",154716,155993,7562,28,902816777,503834,8008408,37441310,45953552,297,9431143,598448,15649944,0,1139751,0,0,375627,144309,0,521787,398880,1081673,289370,373441,20573230,23,"Tons",359532,12604,40.78,41.97,1.66,0.02,10054,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",2451,137028,18.35,17.87,3.1,0.03,10213 "Lansing City of",10704,1999,"Ottawa","Steam","01/01/38","01/01/54",2500,0,0,0,0,608570,3547880,114658,4271108,1708,1064667,0,0,0,43886,0,0,0,127,0,0,16474,0,0,716,61203,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lansing City of",10704,1999,"Eckert","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/00",375000,313553,8760,81,1359307426,17065,20619486,113409313,134045864,357,7390092,1095136,26848959,0,3418600,303612,0,443302,132055,0,712432,787553,4216929,2271054,978202,40742496,30,"tons",809048,10575,30.23,30.51,1.51,0.02,12067,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",12900,138067,18.25,18.61,3.21,0.03,9035 "Lincoln Electric System",11018,1999,"Laramie River","Steam","01/01/80",,183000,0,0,0,1368728000,948685,27384698,112496736,140830119,770,162367,402737,7659439,0,0,0,0,2448015,0,0,0,0,3077883,0,0,13588074,10,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lincoln Electric System",11018,1999,"Rokeby 2","Gas Turbine","01/01/97","1/1/1997",95400,85000,472,10,27550000,292531,1645078,27003893,28941502,303,4175680,124454,675616,0,0,0,0,179579,0,0,6681,10203,0,200778,21818,1219129,44,"N/A",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",338164,996,2.05,2.05,2.05,0.03,12591,"BBLS",1980,137799,0,22.26,3.78,0.06,14724 "Lincoln Electric System",11018,1999,"8th & J","Gas Turbine","01/01/72","1/1/1972",27000,31000,81,10,1838000,77662,98128,4865007,5040797,187,164554,41168,79431,0,0,0,0,43462,0,0,1750,5169,0,55828,0,226808,123,"N/A",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",29571,989,2.75,2.75,2.79,0.04,16104,"BBLS",67,128691,0,22.26,3.78,0.07,17830 "Lincoln Electric System",11018,1999,"Rokeby #1","Gas Turbine","01/01/75","1/1/1975",72400,71000,64,10,2311000,95118,1918857,8492052,10506027,145,175405,74672,114678,0,0,0,0,94085,0,0,40687,67514,0,1328510,21818,1741964,754,"N/A",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",32475,994,2.33,2.33,2.34,0.03,14499,"BBLS",293,137799,19.45,22.23,3.77,0.08,20315 "Littleton Town of",11085,1999,"NEW HAVEN HARBOR",".225% JOINT",,,0,0,0,0,1732502,0,0,0,0,0,0,90,51512,0,948,0,0,0,0,0,2392,0,0,0,0,54942,32,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Logansport City of",11142,1999,"Logansport","Steam","01/01/58","01/01/64",38500,0,8760,22,162228320,109642,1405355,19237386,20752383,539,0,190031,3821848,0,128670,0,0,36753,919428,0,140403,20089,563819,408835,480785,6710661,41,90397,92870,11500,41.15,41.15,2.13,0.02,13.17,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Logansport City of",11142,1999,"Logansport","Oil/Gas","01/01/69","01/01/69",17500,0,0,0,577170,0,1025207,0,1025207,59,0,0,42618,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,42618,74,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"VALLEY","STEAM","01/01/54","01/01/56",545600,337000,0,7,27314000,926527,25439704,84246953,110613184,203,3500000,60235,13221495,0,55929,0,0,0,442925,0,11284,70392,77493,61823,114689,14116265,517,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",404724,1,3,3,2.96,37.96,12816,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"HARBOR","CONBINED ST","01/01/94","01/01/94",229000,558000,2259,41,524137000,1740059,87786094,289957234,379483387,1657,8879733,276214,3330349,0,62330,0,0,0,1084424,0,580563,202658,212797,374547,185390,6309272,12,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",4522291,1,3,3,2.96,25.77,8701,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"HARBOR","GAS TURBINE","01/01/72","01/01/72",38000,36000,48,0,850000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"HAYNES","STEAM","01/01/62","01/01/67",1608000,1489000,8015,123,2113574000,933038,37791521,306054386,344778945,214,1741576,1052843,50891914,0,3057224,0,0,1792056,5017847,0,939570,1424717,3202792,2787404,1583937,71750304,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",22709425,1,3,3,2.96,32.1,10839,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"SCATTERGOOD","STEAM","01/01/58","01/01/74",823200,835000,8758,91,1679449000,515557,47288037,164431480,212235074,258,46903,1404338,66439099,0,1408691,0,0,0,3756004,0,214277,727252,3701955,1608703,1273919,80534238,48,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",15638964,1,3,3,2.96,28.3,9556,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lower Colorado River Authority",11269,1999,"Ferguson",,"01/01/74","01/01/74",446000000,0,0,0,1378410000,931823,26158508,42319502,69409833,0,0,347319,29342167,0,137242,0,0,734629,899018,0,332791,702887,413738,469747,33658,33413196,24,"TONS",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",14169320,1013,2.06,2.06,2.03,0.02,10552,"BBL",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lower Colorado River Authority",11269,1999,"Fayette","Steam","01/01/79","01/01/88",1690000000,0,0,0,1.1015857e+10,13591047,103023934,837863878,954478859,1,0,2157811,109413990,0,3840257,0,0,2391848,4494846,0,2014006,1954362,4931568,1961033,403807,133563528,12,"TONS",6553001,8409,16.17,16.17,0.96,0,0,"MCF",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",19258,141000,14.25,14.25,2.4,0,0 "Lower Colorado River Authority",11269,1999,"Sim Gideon","Steam","01/01/65","01/01/69",623000000,0,0,0,2101292000,458719,20455136,65676320,86590175,0,0,482445,43723684,0,794924,0,0,891660,1130940,0,200902,1092136,961820,567117,75540,49921168,24,"TONS",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",20136681,1095,2.1,2.1,1.91,0.02,10495,"BBL",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lubbock City of",11292,1999,,"STEAM","01/01/49","01/01/58",72000,51000,5256,6,20565500,6000,300000,13000000,13306000,185,0,105299,1101550,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,26625,6656,0,33282,0,1273412,62,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",382836,1025,2.88,2.88,2.81,0.05,19081,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lubbock City of",11292,1999,"BRANDON","GAS TURBINE","01/01/90","01/01/90",20000,21000,8760,8,139296480,0,1000000,15500000,16500000,825,0,233999,3337924,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,59168,14792,0,73959,0,3719842,27,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1543387,1018,2.16,2.16,2.12,0.02,11279,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lubbock City of",11292,1999,"HOLLY","GAS TURBINE","01/01/64","01/01/74",52500,45000,4818,3,21967922,10000,300000,5300000,5610000,107,0,11700,962730,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2958,740,0,3698,0,981826,45,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",384439,1040,2.5,2.5,2.41,0.04,18200,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lubbock City of",11292,1999,"HOLLY","STEAM","01/01/65","01/01/78",98000,102000,8760,32,323909370,62000,1000000,21000000,22062000,225,0,818996,9820907,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,207086,51772,0,258858,0,11157619,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",3921699,1040,2.5,2.5,2.41,0.03,12592,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Manitowoc Public Utilities",11571,1999,"MPU","Gas-Turbine","01/01/99","01/01/99",25000,0,214,0,3613,290255,201403,6104428,6596086,264,0,0,264472,0,0,0,0,30590,0,0,0,0,0,41325,0,336387,93105,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",51,1000,0.41,0.41,4.17,0.07,0,"Barrels",2438,141200,20.88,20.88,3.52,0.07,0 "Manitowoc Public Utilities",11571,1999,"MPU","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/91",79000,107500,8760,39,249415,211671,5013787,36586533,41811991,529,0,138503,5701868,0,541602,0,0,470467,759564,704,62857,42576,1443126,445568,10944,9617779,38561,"Tons",163852,11080,40.02,40.02,1.81,0.02,0,"MCF",2,1000,0.71,0.71,7.13,0.02,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Manitowoc Public Utilities",11571,1999,"MPU","Internal Co","01/01/85","01/01/85",10500,0,207,0,2140,0,352901,5986839,6339740,604,0,6091,84690,0,0,0,0,49736,0,0,0,0,0,58906,0,199423,93188,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",8,1000,0.62,0.62,0.62,0.03,0,"Barrels",1570,141200,22.77,22.77,3.84,0.03,0 "Marquette City of",11701,1999,"Shiras Steam Plant","Steam","01/01/64","01/01/83",77358,52900,24,40,263218000,951797,8431629,56045965,65429391,846,41203,67627,4986648,0,777004,0,0,293702,159196,0,54712,51526,724902,292519,10515,7418351,28,"Tons",181283,9554,21.46,22.7,1.19,0.02,13173,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",582,138200,20.58,26.46,4.56,0.02,13173 "Marquette City of",11701,1999,"#4 Plant","Gas-Turbine","01/01/79","01/01/79",23000,24700,1,0,5060000,0,300285,4190798,4491083,195,0,4733,283345,0,0,0,0,17195,3952,0,4867,6844,0,27249,40,348225,69,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",13164,138200,21.37,23.67,3.68,0.06,15100 "Marshall City of",11732,1999,"Mrshll","Stem/Intern","01/01/36","01/01/94",57000,43,24,56,48751000,313299,4219564,22221117,26753980,469,395259,452378,1560029,0,0,0,0,0,349846,0,37339,40097,532898,65835,0,3038422,62,26848,11000,32,0,0,0,0,0,190844,140000,2,0,0,0,0,0,755,10000,24.17,0,0,0,0,0 "Massachusetts Mun Whls Elec Co",11806,1999,"Stonybrook Intermedil","Combined Cy","01/01/81","01/01/81",360000,352000,12276,33,780857100,1222270,29736068,116789790,147748128,410,161005,341244,19982046,0,0,0,0,1295017,0,0,217695,109254,0,4801314,0,26746570,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",5422522,1025,2.75,2.75,2.68,0,0,"barrel",265482,138500,21.33,19.11,3.28,0.01,9096 "Massachusetts Mun Whls Elec Co",11806,1999,"Stonybrook Peaking","Gas Turbine","/ /","/ /",170000,170000,620,33,40304600,457327,10488903,45433687,56379917,332,41438,85682,1683238,0,0,0,0,251375,0,0,16235,17343,0,119640,0,2173513,54,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",86543,138500,21.33,19.45,3.34,0.04,12490 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Power Plant 3","Gas Turbine","01/01/98","01/01/98",115600,92000,851,5,32881000,95000,0,25388890,25483890,220,483472,16336,1488284,0,0,0,0,2781,65038,0,8158,7240,0,77867,59525,1725229,52,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",454570,1012,3.19,3.19,3.16,4.5,14233,"bbl",1154,129200,0.39,0.39,3.06,3.42,11185 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Gas Turbine 2","Gas Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/76",56,51000,90,5,2234000,0,0,5867669,5867669,104780,0,16153,125470,0,0,0,0,120168,30978,0,8157,0,0,109601,61288,471815,211,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"bbl",5874,129200,0.51,0.51,3.95,5.64,14268 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Gas Turbine 3","Gas Turbine","01/01/79","01/01/79",57,50000,416,5,11756000,0,0,8189960,8189960,143684,0,16153,502404,0,0,0,0,120168,30977,0,8158,0,0,125268,61288,864416,74,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",167915,1012,3.33,3.33,3.3,4.78,14473,"bbl",63,129200,0.51,0.51,3.95,9,22782 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Plant 2","Steam","01/01/63","01/01/63",27200,25000,1054,5,13725000,103203,908048,4415135,5426386,199,42,16153,666001,0,3889,0,0,120168,30978,0,8158,22083,74263,39108,61287,1042088,76,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",173245,1012,3.33,3.33,3.3,4.21,12774,"bbl",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Gas Turbine 1","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","01/01/73",56400,52000,289,5,10349000,0,0,5796442,5796442,103,0,16153,444620,0,0,0,0,120169,30977,0,8158,0,0,41682,61288,723047,70,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",142295,1012,3.33,3.33,3.3,4.6,13948,"bbl",74,129200,0.51,0.51,3.95,6.37,16124 "Modesto Irrigation District",12745,1999,"Mc Clure","Gas Turbine","01/01/80","01/01/81",142400,114000,458,3,17013650,41196,671200,22702649,23415045,164,0,39428,921989,0,0,0,0,64862,0,0,93204,0,0,143571,0,1263054,74,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",184791,1,2.85,2.85,2.79,0.04,14761.28,"BBl",9827,139269,36.12,36.12,0,0.09,15255.06 "Modesto Irrigation District",12745,1999,"Woodland","Gas Turbine","01/01/93","01/01/93",56000,50400,3047,11,112459100,734117,28375,53064895,53827387,961,0,276493,3266313,0,0,0,0,513943,0,0,1528,0,0,410220,0,4468497,40,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1012876,1,3.02,3.02,2.96,0.03,9186.75,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Menasha City of",12298,1999,"Menasha","Steam","01/01/49","01/01/64",23400,19595,2037,14,13992,6795,1217617,5289233,6513645,278,20649,40246,27120,0,79885,0,0,60710,95780,0,0,31581,159677,52699,457,548155,39176,"TONS",6898,13928,56.5,56.5,2.02,0.03,15599,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Michigan South Central Pwr Agy",12807,1999,"ENDICOTT","STEAM",,,60000,60000,7000,52,254166000,1446080,18162501,58822650,78431231,1307,914746,337766,5265494,0,924558,0,35080,360832,450758,0,195457,66358,661707,192331,74782,8565123,34,"TONS",137701,12027,37.16,36.29,1.51,0.01,12748,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Moorhead City of",12894,1999,"Mhd Power Plant","gas turbine","01/01/61","01/01/61",10000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Morgan City City of",12927,1999,"Joe Cefalu Plant","Steam","01/01/62","01/01/73",70000,40000,0,14,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Muscatine City of",13143,1999,"MUSCATINE","STEAM","01/01/58","01/01/83",275500,149900,16238,134,1301983501,784560,72060043,213242536,286087139,1038,28455966,817203,14751640,0,1679994,0,0,663199,1356159,0,672523,554305,2370831,1148168,1101042,25115064,19,"TONS",877820,8297,12.88,13.05,0.79,0.01,11188,"MCF",283208,10200,3.26,3.26,3.18,0,0,"BARRELS",610,138500,30.04,21.9,3.77,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Hallam Peaking Unit","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","01/01/73",56700,60000,258,0,10894000,0,229583,4830489,5060072,89,0,0,440985,0,0,0,0,60635,0,0,0,89639,0,94772,13125,699156,64,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Canaday","Steam","01/01/58","01/01/58",108800,121200,2001,14,85089000,0,9403261,329722,9732983,89,328840,152096,2125397,0,407076,0,0,27245,201168,0,32073,131835,231925,109745,195984,3614544,42,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Gerald Gentleman Sta(","Steam","01/01/78","/ /",1362600,1254000,8657,192,8027362000,3015802,318185462,344602325,665803589,489,19495116,1045932,44726329,0,1955325,0,0,1668527,2934342,193314,448908,877355,10569506,3498868,1294889,69213295,9,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"McCook Peaking Unit","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","01/01/73",56700,56000,60,0,211000,0,194256,4595530,4789786,84,0,0,81476,0,0,0,0,25734,0,0,0,2300,0,73703,18199,201412,955,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Hebron Peaking Unit","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","01/01/73",56700,57000,75,0,854000,0,301381,5462494,5763875,102,0,0,181334,0,0,0,0,26759,0,0,0,1630,0,58749,11328,279800,328,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Cooper Nuclear Stat.(","Nuclear","01/01/74","01/01/74",835550,783000,8563,726,6510414600,1028504,187460511,519340650,707829665,847,2508133,8619618,38176410,69343,4859991,0,0,93589,58078357,0,1807073,518308,3317219,1964536,2016373,119520817,18,,20216418,0,0,5.67,53.53,0,10598,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Sheldon Station","Steam","01/01/61","01/01/65",228650,220000,8701,78,1347971000,1843119,10754821,79036432,91634372,401,5634223,590917,10462420,0,930249,0,0,633786,1478748,0,168336,7310,2160302,1295964,920587,18648619,14,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "New Ulm Public Utilities Comm",13488,1999,"No 3 & 4 & 6","Steam Gener","01/01/02","01/01/64",27000,44000,24,21,16916000,0,3055780,9310761,12366541,458,473090,425178,467864,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,31350,152102,138437,0,1214931,72,"tons",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",16576,1000,2.82,2.82,2.82,0.03,10,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "New Ulm Public Utilities Comm",13488,1999,"No 5","Gas Turbine","01/01/75","01/01/75",24000,24000,24,21,2041000,0,0,2465211,2465211,103,0,22377,91296,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1650,0,14351,0,129674,64,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",4657,140000,26.02,19.6,3.36,0.05,13500 "North Attleborough Town of",13679,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,326,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,32,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "North Attleborough Town of",13679,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,336,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,33,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Roxboro 4","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/80",96000,0,8175,0,520837921,1000,1011000,44494000,45506000,474,72000,48000,9137000,0,80000,0,0,22000,837000,0,67000,17000,475000,136000,53000,10872000,21,"Tons",211870,12369,42.51,42.95,1.74,0.02,10083,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",1763,140091,22.71,21.55,3.66,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Mayo 1","Steam","01/01/83","01/01/83",119000,761,7807,69,651982032,3301000,16199000,82569000,102069000,858,26000,92000,11843000,0,79000,0,0,54000,1174000,0,76000,30000,808000,111000,73000,14340000,22,"Tons",265246,12531,44.52,44.47,1.77,0.02,10243,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",5203,140620,21.57,9.23,1.56,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Roxboro 4","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/80",96000,0,8175,0,520837921,1000,1011000,44494000,45506000,474,72000,48000,9137000,0,80000,0,0,22000,874000,0,67000,17000,475000,136000,53000,10909000,21,"Tons",211870,12369,42.51,42.95,1.74,0.02,10083,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",1763,140091,22.7,21.55,3.66,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Mayo 1","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/00",119000,761,7807,69,651982032,3301000,16199000,82569000,102069000,858,26000,92000,11843000,0,79000,0,0,54000,1221000,0,76000,30000,808000,111000,73000,14387000,22,"Tons",265246,12531,44.52,44.47,1.77,0.02,10243,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",5203,140620,21.57,9.23,1.56,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Brunswick","Nuclear","01/01/75","01/01/77",318000,1696,8584,784,2400008776,617000,94117000,339616000,434350000,1366,297000,666000,11776000,401000,2353000,0,0,533000,9457000,0,1849000,3278000,1064000,298000,1353000,33028000,14,"MW Days",308602,3413000,0,38.16,0.47,0,10533,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Harris","Nuclear","01/01/87","01/01/87",154000,905,8485,491,1171376626,10260000,369018000,452494000,831772000,5401,118000,675000,5246000,252000,1018000,0,0,337000,4827000,0,1102000,634000,445000,182000,302000,15020000,13,"MW Days",156551,3413000,0,33.51,0.41,0,10947,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Oklahoma Municipal Power Auth",14077,1999,"PCRP","Combined cy","01/01/95","01/01/95",60000,60000,0,0,138484081,0,11344757,29655189,40999946,683,0,598783,2955212,0,0,0,0,253386,0,0,44427,0,0,105374,0,3957182,29,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1392824,1040,2.17,0,2.14,0.02,10460,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"FORT CALHOUN","NUCLEAR","01/01/73","01/01/73",502000,492000,7785,634,3580681000,1072930277,146516232,296914274,442618959,882,0,4971003,23034948,164893,24110476,0,0,-21786,44474249,3358,250883,11195901,6710538,736065,-37917,115592611,32,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"GRAMS",315984,120828860,0,72.9,60.33,6.42,10650.7,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"SARPY COUNTY","GAS TURBINE","01/01/72","01/01/96",216405,248000,8271,0,55696000,23490,2151281,52951321,55126092,255,0,54073,2103596,0,0,0,0,0,404211,0,3965,2988,0,310603,72329,2951765,53,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",707344,823,2.46,2.46,2.49,0.04,12745,"BARRELS",3829,138176,17.91,17.91,1.41,0.01,8647 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"JONES STREET","GAS TURBINE","01/01/73","01/01/74",116000,129400,8332,0,4369000,0,240081,9753334,9993415,86,0,6331,293819,0,0,0,0,0,47413,0,6227,3925,0,20535,134815,513065,117,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",13267,138176,13.48,13.48,2.32,0.04,9604 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"NEBRASKA CITY","STEAM","01/01/79","01/01/79",565000,631500,7500,0,4036035000,-2006108,95061544,382545074,475600510,842,0,779178,25569961,0,1719974,0,0,633248,6781672,0,412434,994984,3789696,1154076,1789468,43624691,11,"TONS",2500212,8357,9.58,9.58,0.57,0,9500,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",9924,138281,20.11,20.11,3.46,0,9493 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"NORTH OMAHA","STEAM","01/01/54","01/01/68",644700,664700,7628,0,3047689000,903939,34352799,194479388,229736126,356,0,473699,25644165,0,1556034,0,0,1205626,5794175,56855,619731,1383677,5536481,4204373,2068776,48543592,16,"TONS",1996018,8393,11.99,11.99,0.71,0,11245,"MCF",706934,988,3.06,3.06,5.95,0,11266,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Orrville City of",14194,1999,,"Steam","01/01/16","01/01/71",84,57,8760,65,330508,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"ton",195800,11500,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",6100,1000,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Owatonna City of",14246,1999,,"Steam","01/01/24","01/01/69",26000,0,0,0,0,139199,957861,5646398,6743458,259,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Owatonna City of",14246,1999,,"Gas Turbine","/ /","/ /",19000,0,0,0,0,0,0,1935528,1935528,102,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Owensboro City of",14268,1999,"Plant 1","Steam","01/01/39","01/01/50",52500,0,0,0,0,0,2061142,4570567,6631709,126,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,9106,0,0,0,0,760,9866,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Owensboro City of",14268,1999,"Elmer Smith","Steam","01/01/64","01/01/74",415000,183200,8569,99,2600771,835345,8832392,209611123,219278860,528,801542,250280,29285825,0,1422865,0,0,496091,498805,0,465966,39935,4297784,658819,98181,37514551,14424,"Tons",1247843,10825,20.49,20.56,0.95,0.01,10197,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Painesville City of",14381,1999,"ELECTRIC PLANT","STEAM",,"01/01/88",53500,46000,8760,66,154647000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"TONS",92400,12517,0,33.22,1.33,0,0,"MCF",21300,1000,0,4.41,4.41,0,0,"BARRELS",47,138000,0,14.36,2.48,0,0 "Paragould Light & Water Comm",14446,1999,"Jones Road","Gas turbine","01/01/90",,16,14,415,1,400000,0,8093740,0,8093740,505859,0,0,166593,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,45047,0,211640,529,"mmbtu",91074,0,0,1.83,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Pasadena City of",14534,1999,"Broadway Steam Plantф",,"01/01/54","01/01/65",183000,183000,0,25,179950000,489703,3194316,50159075,53843094,294,0,387760,8839709,0,555006,0,0,988783,11216,228337,138986,37842,440585,136394,7625,11772243,65,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",2295070,1019,3.43,3.43,3.36,0.04,13290,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Pasadena City of",14534,1999,"Glenarm Gas Turbine","Included in","01/01/06","01/01/76",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",59150,1,3.43,3.43,3.36,0.04,16342,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Peabody City of",14605,1999,,"Gas Turbine","01/01/71","01/01/91",65900,65900,8760,5,11639468,177260,0,22101467,22278727,338,0,22746,409579,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,176643,0,608968,52,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",143226,1,3.05,2.96,2.89,0.03,13227,"BBLS",1239,134127,22.14,22.89,4.06,0.05,12185 "Peru City of",14839,1999,"Peru","Steam","01/01/03","01/01/59",34500,35563,1585,13,12600568,5739,1706469,9574492,11286700,327,325600,0,442012,0,172164,0,0,119874,37861,0,0,14278,126165,22675,0,935029,74,"Tons",7915,12797,47.4,47.33,1.85,0.03,16076,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",221,140000,26.47,24.56,4.18,0,103.08 "Piqua City of",15095,1999,"City of Piqua","Steam & Gas","01/01/32","01/01/89",81113,0,159,39,2138000,21863555,0,0,21863555,270,4196219,76685,242280,0,19742,0,0,231157,56432,0,61697,67457,9593,91301,0,856344,401,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",10878,144000,25.3,25.3,4.3,0.09,23092 "Platte River Power Authority",15143,1999,"Craig Station","Steam","01/01/79","01/01/80",154000,0,0,0,1205402000,60113,33649805,110581113,144291031,937,947978,194976,12128811,0,1172233,0,0,260695,1245083,7283,237766,121071,814536,181154,912508,17276116,14,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Platte River Power Authority",15143,1999,"Rawhide","Steam","01/01/84","01/01/84",270000,270000,8668,86,2119444000,1977213,176729012,277169671,455875896,1688,1471951,1258343,14119301,0,2361900,0,0,4034357,686346,1872,639188,491650,2599323,371255,1094312,27657847,13,"Ton",1294255,8825,10.4,10.4,0.6,0.01,10.78,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",54089,138,0.78,0.78,5.63,0,3.5 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,"C.M. POLETTI","Steam","01/01/77","01/01/77",883000000,831000000,6386000,122000,1826391000,730000,72140000,359400000,432270000,0,10329000,561000,60034000,0,0,0,0,668000,7300000,0,826000,377000,2299000,2700000,411000,75176000,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCFS",10932333,1031,2.95,3.39,3.29,31.61,10284,"BBLS",1348181,148399,15.78,17.33,2.78,0,0 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,"R.M. FLYNN","GT/Steam-Co","01/01/94","01/01/94",164000000,159000000,7280000,27000,9.96144e+11,0,7238000,129266000,136504000,1,1136000,88000,43602000,0,0,0,0,93000,1585000,0,0,137000,469000,3225000,39000,49238000,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCFS",7095707,1012,4.39,5.62,5.55,42.59,7774,"BBLS",120516,141470,19.98,32.3,4.68,0,0 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,,,"/ /","/ /",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,"JAF","Nuclear","01/01/75","01/01/75",883000000,848000000,8204000,757000,6.567395e+12,805000,166067000,568085000,734957000,1,13913000,23876000,38317000,0,487000,0,0,54000,32618000,0,5766000,184000,4261000,5843000,3143000,114549000,0,"GMU 235",0,82,0,0,0,5.17,0,"Equivalent",842735,0,0,40.32,0.49,0,10508,,0,235,0,0,0,0,0 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,"IP3","Nuclear","01/01/76","01/01/76",1013000000,1031000000,7662000,828000,7.26917e+12,747000,206897000,755257000,962901000,1,17924000,29680000,39545000,0,11264000,0,0,0,36622000,0,1577000,2648000,15765000,11868000,29759000,178728000,0,"GMU235",0,82,0,0,0,4.76,0,"Equivalent",937453,0,0,36.9,0.45,0,10560,,0,235,0,0,0,0,0 "Rantoul Village of",15686,1999,"Rantoul Light & Powep ","Internal Co","01/01/00","01/01/67",18132,38,100,3,16000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,11984,0,0,0,0,211546,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,223530,13971,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",19070,10500,0.62,0.62,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Reedy Creek Improvement Dist",15776,1999,"CEP TURBINE","GAS TURBINE","01/01/88","01/01/88",35000,28000,6321,12,173569000,0,1455178,24161379,25616557,732,0,640027,4274368,0,0,0,0,392603,0,0,0,341,0,1449579,0,6756918,39,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCP",1545973,1040,2.76,2.76,2.76,0.02,8007,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Reedy Creek Improvement Dist",15776,1999,"CEP HRSG","HRSG","01/01/88","01/01/88",8500,7000,2327,2,30042000,0,0,2731920,2731920,321,0,93944,742496,0,115993,0,0,17882,0,0,0,59,0,247253,0,1217627,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",268549,1049,2.76,2.76,2.76,0.02,8939,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Redding City of",15783,1999,"Redding Power Plant","Steam","01/01/89","01/01/94",28000,28900,1977,16,18060300,602377,15385522,117247,16105146,575,0,1320,443065,0,117993,0,0,77221,568426,0,70690,2368,53194,57222,0,1391499,77,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",287348,1027,1.54,1.54,1.45,0.03,16610,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Redding City of",15783,1999,"Redding Power Plant","Combustion","01/01/96","01/01/96",65680,27400,854,16,18037300,1807131,0,59683477,61490608,936,0,97874,621818,0,0,0,0,25071,0,0,24410,0,0,321071,0,1090244,60,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",216279,1027,2.53,2.53,2.18,0.02,15570,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Richmond City of",15989,1999,"WWVS","Steam","01/01/55","01/01/72",97700,173080,0,40,627786010,80644,2830371,31698586,34609601,354,0,465409,11078167,0,452274,0,0,404016,348230,0,104865,43599,701670,259774,21756,13879760,22,"Tons",308831,11699,29.73,30.79,1.45,0.01,11517,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",708,138000,0.46,0.46,0,0,0 "Rochelle Municipal Utilities",16179,1999,"Caron Rd Steam Plant(","Steam","01/01/63","01/01/63",11000,0,13,0,62,0,0,11112324,11112324,1010,0,0,15556,0,134143,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,193715,0,343414,5538935,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Rochelle Municipal Utilities",16179,1999,"2nd Ave Diesel Plant(","Internal Co","01/01/00","01/01/89",24000,7500,900,8,990,0,0,6076110,6076110,253,0,0,130511,0,520866,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,301469,0,952846,962471,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Rochester Public Utilities",16181,1999,"SILVER LAKE","STEAM","01/01/49","01/01/69",98400,99962,6002,48,206169300,467713,5967620,20459364,26894697,273,0,105471,4663327,0,733957,0,0,427195,653639,0,121158,91168,610473,166756,202286,7775430,38,"Tons",105624,11800,35.06,34.95,1.48,0,0,"Mcf",116790,1022,2.87,2.87,2.81,0.02,12548,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Rochester Public Utilities",16181,1999,"CASCADE CREEK","GAS TURBINE","01/01/75","01/01/75",35000,31412,214,0,975100,0,0,2553775,2553775,73,0,5098,155418,0,0,0,0,0,2538,0,712,425,0,13749,25610,203550,209,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Bbl",6593,140546,25.25,22.87,3.87,0.16,31067 "Ruston City of",16463,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,158085,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,1024,2014,0,0,0,12204,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Sacramento Municipal Util Dist",16534,1999,"McClellanј","Ga","01/01/86","01/01/86",49999,0,0,3,7166000,0,2636791,21642932,24279723,486,280011,128813,308700,0,0,0,0,93215,0,0,46694,4591,0,454373,0,1036386,145,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MC",90473,0,3.39,3.39,3.28,0.04,0,"Diesel/gal",1254,0,1.43,1.43,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"Total All Plants",,,,4515000,0,0,345,1.74570025e+10,12977200,1115386160,2245397416,3373760776,747,46882000,12160268,206856386,1142440,9404554,374590,0,6237186,12301280,6685,9401271,2767009,20299658,10510426,3154574,294616327,17,"Tons",5220135,8563,16.23,16.23,0.95,9.82,10370,"MCF",37334239,1010,2.64,2.64,2.62,28.78,10988,"Barrels",12309,139887,18.78,18.78,3.2,32.97,10315 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"J K Spruce","Steam","1/1/1992","1/1/1992",555000,546000,6546,82,3480720800,0,65252301,515684631,580936932,1047,23719,571470,31109011,0,1807766,51663,0,193515,960889,0,759790,205041,2649188,748621,211926,39268880,11,"Tons",1949398,8860,15.91,15.91,1.01,8.91,9857,"MCF",38851,1008,2.27,2.27,2.25,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"Mission Road","Steam","1/1/1909","1/1/1958",100000,96000,436,4,5787800,24329,2488463,10241714,12754506,128,128349,114144,487728,0,158813,0,0,102150,168983,0,21233,17234,339856,83899,40097,1534137,265,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",134106,1013,3.64,3.64,3.59,84.27,14024,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"Leon Creek","Steam","1/1/1949","1/1/1959",160000,171000,676,4,16974100,44831,2782361,17503846,20331038,127,157506,125267,942872,0,184569,0,0,128819,161398,0,28472,58566,543819,190400,43539,2407721,142,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",258204,1002,3.65,3.65,3.64,55.55,12533,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"O W Sommers","Steam","1/1/1972","1/1/1974",880000,846000,7232,55,2199508300,5854171,33295035,79674715,118823921,135,395537,545083,59562142,0,1025490,87705,0,302727,706288,0,702876,370388,615434,259192,190180,64367505,29,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",23626870,1009,2.54,2.54,2.51,27.24,10444,"Barrels",5652,140932,19.35,19.35,3.27,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"J T Deely","Steam","1/1/1977","1/1/1978",830000,854000,8760,90,5149460300,0,30290474,285476722,315767196,380,12595000,638478,53085711,0,1562761,85357,0,320680,966629,0,838807,331106,3399637,799226,238550,62266942,12,"Tons",3270737,8389,16.42,16.42,0.98,10.43,10513,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",5811,141351,18.29,18.29,3.08,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"South Texas Project","Nuclear","1/1/1988","1/1/1989",700000,708000,0,0,5399983000,5170385,957819101,1216165845,2179155331,3113,29619638,9121123,23744212,1142440,2798248,0,0,4436896,8134977,6685,6295439,1408553,10346770,6695513,2005195,76136051,14,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MMBTU",56623147,0,0.42,0.42,0.42,4.4,10485,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"W B Tuttle","Steam","1/1/1954","1/1/1963",425000,351000,2570,25,83806100,116166,6081714,40803880,47001760,111,3029638,407804,3903164,0,659061,0,0,371008,270977,0,137334,47220,945777,460460,131033,7333838,88,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1126499,1007,3.47,3.47,3.44,46.57,11568,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"V H Brauning","Steam","1/1/1966","1/1/1970",865000,0,5631,85,1120762100,1767318,17376711,79846063,98990092,114,932613,636899,33301546,0,1207846,149865,0,381391,931139,0,617320,328901,1459177,1273115,294054,40581253,36,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",12149759,1011,2.74,2.74,2.71,29.7,10522,"Barrels",846,122847,18.29,18.29,3.55,0,0 "Seattle City of",16868,1999,"Centralia (8% share)","Steam","01/01/72","01/01/72",107200,32000,0,1,689802000,167213,4462081,22916331,27545625,257,0,186229,12042641,0,56382,0,0,0,1030435,2329,557,0,306392,38323,72862,13736150,20,"Tons",453199,7850,27.6,26.57,1.76,0.02,10315,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Shrewsbury Town of",17127,1999,"PEAKING","INTERNAL CO","01/01/69","01/01/78",13750,0,78,0,1082000,4737,38713,3032851,3076301,224,0,0,58499,0,0,0,0,45786,0,0,42833,0,0,0,0,147118,136,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"OIL",1983,138000,28.45,27.35,4.71,0.05,10622 "Sikeston City of",17177,1999,"SIKESTON POWER PLANT<","STEAM","01/01/81","01/01/81",235000,233000,8443,100,1773464000,2528654,38360820,167291312,208180786,886,3085679,204618,18720527,0,834479,0,0,232178,1031476,0,212026,97405,1771411,163729,1555715,24823564,14,"TONS",1085410,8260,16.81,16.81,1.02,0.01,10111,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",2150,141000,22.77,24.41,4.12,0,16.31 "PUD No 1 of Snohomish County",17470,1999,"Centralia Steam Plt","Steam",,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "South Carolina Pub Serv Auth",17543,1999,"WINYAH(1-4)","STEAM","01/01/75","01/01/81",1120000,1204000,31151,198,7364804000,2141000,80365000,380646000,463152000,414,12899000,1811000,102679000,0,2905000,0,0,1172000,4230000,0,835000,1709000,6368000,2320000,450000,124479000,17,"Tons",2805462,12906,35.38,36.6,1.42,1.39,9833,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "South Carolina Pub Serv Auth",17543,1999,"CROSS(1-2)","STEAM","01/01/84","01/01/94",1147115,1190000,14859,156,7031840000,149000,105829000,824295000,930273000,811,8568000,612000,95992000,0,3621000,0,0,562000,3226000,0,331000,462000,7502000,2902000,585000,115795000,16,"Tons",2609876,12811,36.41,36.78,1.44,1.37,9510,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"INTERSTATE","NAT GAS/OIL","01/01/97","01/01/97",118000,114000,864,0,89431266,0,0,11583325,11583325,98,2178709,40002,2621094,0,91,0,0,0,0,0,38739,0,0,77237,0,2777163,31,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"DKTHRMS",1205210,100000,2.08,2.08,2.08,28.74,13806,"BARRELS",5093,138000,17.96,22.11,3.81,52.67,13806 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"FACTORY","OIL TURBINE","01/01/73","01/01/73",23000,17000,155,0,3128000,0,29188,2322399,2351587,102,0,0,166375,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,11905,0,178280,57,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",7959,138000,18.43,20.9,3.61,53.19,14747 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"REYNOLDS","OIL TURBINE","01/01/70","01/01/70",18000,14000,98,0,1502000,0,155353,2975996,3131349,174,0,0,89354,0,539,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,13975,0,103868,69,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",4241,138000,19.02,21.07,3.64,59.49,16366 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"LAKESIDE","STEAM","01/01/60","01/01/64",76000,66000,4842,0,191454930,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"TONS",119179,10437,24.15,22.89,1.1,13.33,12994,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",784,138000,20.26,20.76,3.58,0,0 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"DALLMAN","STEAM","01/01/68","01/01/78",441000,324000,8756,209,1931782345,2315629,22827681,167456590,192599900,437,2590219,1382828,24106633,0,7228992,0,0,0,0,224260,1367568,1520197,3381012,3887022,2944868,46043380,24,"TONS",947286,10415,24.07,22.37,1.07,11.37,11338,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",8185,138000,18.13,20.92,3.61,0,0 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"James River Gas Turb¬ ","Gas Turbine","01/01/89","01/01/92",150000,162000,1707,2,112871000,0,0,38867000,38867000,259,0,0,3686000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5000,0,185000,0,3876000,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1413185,1005,2.58,2.58,2.56,32.66,12708,"Barrels",1933,138200,17.18,20.23,3.49,0,0 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"Southwest Gas Turbin","Gas Turbine","01/01/83","01/01/83",88000,114000,740,2,33605000,0,77000,13480000,13557000,154,0,0,1234000,0,0,0,0,4000,0,0,0,0,0,160000,0,1398000,42,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",467515,1005,2.6,2.6,2.59,36.7,14123,"Barrels",814,138200,17.21,19.54,3.37,0,0 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"Main Avenue","Gas Turbine","01/01/68","01/01/68",12000,13000,55,1,680000,0,0,1538000,1538000,128,0,0,46000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,4000,0,50000,74,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",1981,138200,24.82,23.44,4.03,68.28,16910 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"James River","Steam","01/01/57","01/01/70",255000,237000,33862,81,1450754000,1659000,14631000,79255000,95545000,375,2850000,583000,20746000,0,2519000,0,0,408000,262000,0,130000,65000,3963000,646000,610000,29722000,20,"Tons",853266,9210,7.79,21.61,1.17,13.89,11312,"Mcf",689975,1005,2.49,2.49,2.47,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"Southwest","Steam","01/01/76","01/01/76",195000,183000,7556,65,1185498000,1856000,15406000,80315000,97577000,500,2690000,558000,14080000,0,1555000,0,0,366000,205000,0,581000,137000,2335000,656000,1027000,21332000,18,"Tons",693360,8794,4.54,18.33,1.08,11.66,10684,"Mcf",467597,1007,2.39,2.39,2.36,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "St George City of",17874,1999,"SUGARLOAF","2-Internal","01/01/86","01/01/86",14000,14000,1,6,626000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "St George City of",17874,1999,"Bloomington","7-Internal","01/01/98","01/01/98",12250,10500,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tacoma City of",18429,1999,"Centralia Steam Plntд","Steam","01/01/72","01/01/72",0,0,0,0,0,166897,4289405,25226129,29682431,0,73131,68311,11716542,0,112000,0,0,80230,140403,0,120346,80230,1008476,240691,26146,13593375,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tallahassee City of",18445,1999,"SAM O. PURDOM","STEAM","01/01/58","01/01/66",44000,48000,11136,38,209772978,15500,9202970,33194960,42413430,964,0,773581,8940370,0,537020,0,0,279940,1813670,2800,263170,105370,237360,129170,194990,13277441,63,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",2462334,1148,3.22,3.22,3.07,0.04,13261,"bbl",31211,6300,20.25,20.25,3.21,0.08,20734 "Tallahassee City of",18445,1999,"SAM O. PURDOM","GAS TURBINE","01/01/63","01/01/64",25000,20000,415,0,6838100,0,516700,3207630,3724330,149,0,37110,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,27080,0,0,0,0,64190,9,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",135368,1047,3.22,3.22,3.08,0.06,20734,"bbl",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tallahassee City of",18445,1999,"A.D. HOPKINS","STEAM","01/01/71","01/01/72",334350,314000,8760,54,1431868500,243700,15462840,61918010,77624550,232,0,365600,47652750,0,808720,0,0,334300,1440890,0,286010,23770,76650,588440,570760,52259040,36,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",14643073,1052,3.16,3.16,3,0.03,10001,"bbl",31324,6300,20.39,20.39,3.24,0.03,10228 "Tallahassee City of",18445,1999,"A.D. HOPKINS","GAS Turbine","01/01/00","01/01/72",43320,36000,870,0,21124800,0,0,4237440,4237440,98,0,109010,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,117890,0,0,0,0,226900,11,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",398330,1148,3.2,3.2,3.06,0.06,19763,"bbl",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Taunton City of",18488,1999,"Cleary-Flood","Steam-Gas T","01/01/71","01/01/76",110000,110000,3132,54,156001000,576884,4698715,37144991,42420590,386,791678,791678,5245790,0,1114114,0,0,533566,1685023,0,0,0,0,0,0,9370171,60,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",972473,1018,4.2,4.2,4.12,0.13,30320,"Barrels",75356,117188,16.96,15.46,3.14,0.01,3007 "Taunton City of",18488,1999,"W. Water Street","Steam","01/01/02","01/01/58",13500,0,0,0,0,24173,3733601,5419707,9177481,680,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1188,0,0,0,0,1188,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Taunton City of",18488,1999,"Cleary-Flood","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/66",28300,25000,354,54,9067000,148310,2028703,7526961,9703974,343,0,249139,355473,0,342596,0,0,168675,368569,0,0,0,0,0,0,1484452,164,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",20281,95484,15,17.52,4.37,0.04,8970 "Texas Municipal Power Agency",18715,1999,"Gibbons Creek SES","Steam","01/01/83","01/01/83",493900,462000,6908,122,2602361000,25930000,158171000,425745000,609846000,1235,3957000,2960000,34144000,0,482000,0,0,300000,111000,0,1160000,322000,2989000,844000,734000,44046000,17,"Tons",1643836,8470,20.78,20.66,1.23,0.01,10711,"MCF",146379,1015,2.35,2.35,2.35,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Traverse City City of",19125,1999,"Bayside Station","Steam","01/01/12","01/01/68",29000,14000,290,15,3250000,83612,1866905,7544366,9494883,327,0,626829,148366,0,0,0,0,23461,10829,42858,365474,17778,92524,76059,12931,1417109,436,"Tons",2113,12500,43.5,43.5,1.74,0.02,16253.85,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Turlock Irrigation District",19281,1999,"Walnut Power Plant","Gas Turbine","01/01/86","01/01/86",49900,45486,222,2,4176400,0,14724791,181069,14905860,299,0,9273,193510,0,0,0,0,45773,0,0,0,0,0,252574,0,501130,120,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",70330,1,2.75,2.75,2.7,46.33,17145,"Bbl",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Turlock Irrigation District",19281,1999,"Almond Power Plant","Gas Turbine","01/01/95","01/01/95",49900,49900,3162,12,126500000,149270,24481629,30353821,54984720,1102,0,95458,3736849,0,79785,0,0,1827172,0,0,0,523257,0,640938,0,6903459,55,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1175749,1,3.18,2.48,2.38,29.54,9446,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Vermont Public Pwr Supply Auth",19780,1999,"J.C. McNeil Station","Steam","01/01/84","01/01/84",50000,53000,5366,35,41562673,79627,4515588,12712285,17307500,346,119308,43331,1497213,0,229588,0,0,81441,92419,0,37321,14987,144967,145773,7437,2294477,55,"tons(wood)",283916,4750,23.48,24.64,2.59,0.03,13455,"mcf",252167,1012000,3.28,3.28,3.25,0.04,12556,"bbl",2124,136321,15.88,21.41,3.74,0,0 "Vernon City of",19798,1999,"Vernon power Plant","Internal Co","01/01/33","01/01/33",30000,19000,0,1,241160,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,18568,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,18568,77,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"42 gal",624,130952,0,29.75,5.41,0.07,14231 "Vernon City of",19798,1999,"Vernon Power Plant","Gas Turbine","01/01/87","01/01/87",14000,11250,1171150,1,117150,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,62378,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,62378,532,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1031,0,22683.2,2.75,2.66,0.05,19986,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Vero Beach City of",19804,1999,"City of Vero Beach","Steam","01/01/59","01/01/92",158000,151000,8804,41,224236,3059208,26587907,49708983,79356098,502,5414436,1818902,11418,0,0,0,0,647002,0,0,808280,685525,0,1428535,0,5399662,24080,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,2318953,1051,3.87,3.87,3.69,0.04,11858,,45055,144840,18.97,18.97,3.12,0.04,14119 "Vineland City of",19856,1999,"Harry M. Downs","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/70",66250,57100,5104,41,50663680,102765,6943679,34504958,41551402,627,0,194475,1693950,0,506222,0,0,630731,1378637,0,137240,12568,459914,91094,2412,5107243,101,"Tons",16966,12734,49.33,49.07,1.9,0.03,13621,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",2206466,152654,0.35,0.35,2.49,0.03,12734 "Energy Northwest",20160,1999,"Nuclear Plant # 2","Nuclear","01/01/72","01/01/84",1200000,1163000,6519,1018,6975110000,0,1096311831,2199928002,3296239833,2747,38664908,18739254,30590701,2894774,12309953,0,0,75427,21147467,0,3819721,545674,1021005,2269200,18016550,111429726,16,"Grms U-235",726798,4.55e+10,32.01,42.09,41.9,4.39,10460.08,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Western Minnesota Mun Pwr Agny",20421,1999,"Watrtown Power Plant? ","Gas Turbin","01/01/78","01/01/78",60000,42,0,2,2254000,0,0,16335022,16335022,272,39000,17392,54938,0,0,0,0,0,3375,0,0,42360,0,102001,663,220729,98,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",7508,0,28.37,24.9,0,0.83,0 "Willmar Municipal Utils Comm",20737,1999,"WILLMAR","STEAM","01/01/00","01/01/70",29350,17500,6239,17,26618660,110447,878898,6858792,7848137,267,13984,40591,1085227,0,259713,0,0,318116,132083,5000,40431,2416,288530,102454,0,2020002,76,"TONS",32320,8600,26.74,33.58,1.95,0.04,17555,"MCF",28158,1022,2.4,2.4,2.4,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Winfield City of",20813,1999,"EAST","STEAM","01/01/69","01/01/69",26500,0,0,12,24657,134138,2513749,6029328,8677215,327,1429863,315408,850195,0,0,0,0,0,152329,0,0,0,0,0,0,1317932,53451,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",356043,1,2.39,2.39,2.39,0.03,0.01,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Winfield City of",20813,1999,"WEST","GAS TURBINE","01/01/61","01/01/61",11500,0,0,1,2972500,0,157556,2719909,2877465,250,97445,56898,232145,0,0,0,0,0,31724,0,0,0,0,0,0,320767,108,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",58535,1,2.39,2.39,2.39,0.03,0.01,".",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Steam # 6","01/01/67",,7500,0,0,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Steam # 7","01/01/86",,32500,34500,0,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Total Plant","01/01/15","1/1/1986",74000,70000,17360,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Steam # 4","01/01/49",,11500,11000,1320,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Steam # 5","01/01/59",,22500,24500,8120,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Zeeland City of",21158,1999,"Zeeland Plant","Internal Co","01/01/36","01/01/80",22182,20100,6642,9,10671685,233107,958741,7490195,8682043,391,39130,160274,324998,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,130885,11183,123764,0,0,751104,70,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",110179,1025,2.66,2.66,2.6,25.21,9704.09,"gals",63744,130,0.49,0.49,3.81,3.81,712.06 "Utah Associated Mun Power Sys",40575,1999,"Hunter - Unit II","Steam","01/01/80","01/01/80",62703,65000,8614,0,477394000,24130,12455094,36987524,49466748,789,196762,79885,5146144,0,247463,0,0,117117,474771,220,72026,45503,228073,39173,16505,6466880,14,"Tons",219787,11688,22.14,22.14,0.95,0.01,10767,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",15134,139950,0,0,0,0,0 "Utah Associated Mun Power Sys",40575,1999,"San Juan - Unit IV","Steam","/ /","/ /",35000,36000,8087,0,277529800,0,6606911,34780439,41387350,1182,330940,146935,4915693,0,99850,0,0,107665,90002,0,45259,27595,322125,62872,54783,5872779,21,"Tons",156254,9223,31,31,1.68,0.02,10404,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",37096,134772,0,0,0,0,0 "Intermountain Power Agency",40576,1999,,"Steam Inter","01/01/86","01/01/87",1640000,1600000,8760,472,13211071,95806000,859083000,1682967000,2637856000,1608,0,3439000,172897000,0,8441000,0,0,2062000,781000,0,3925000,2091000,9516000,3866000,3110000,210128000,15905,"Tons",5268671,11851,31.12,25.64,1.06,0.01,9457,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",12309,137273,22.25,26.22,4.55,0,0 "American Mun Power-Ohio Inc",40577,1999,"Richard H. Gorsuch","STEAM","01/01/51","01/01/53",212000,194000,8760,106,1376874,822631,5383169,64333905,70539705,333,62261347,1032894,14712122,0,2153372,0,0,180146,1071556522,0,606713,341707,6319652,1253782,0,24415086,17732,"TON",869869,11581,23.16,23.16,0.88,0.01,13479,"MCF",72788,1040,3.65,3.65,3.5,0.04,13479,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Northern Municipal Power Agny",40581,1999,"COYOTE","STEAM","01/01/81","01/01/81",414588000,0,8150,81,2913837000,0,0,420000000,420000000,1,0,863403,26074593,0,3373195,0,0,1267272,1238167,0,405837,334491,2651805,324789,643962,37177514,13,"TON",2425659,6947,10.64,10.64,0.77,0.89,11.57,"GAL.",236904,136552,0.56,0.56,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Southern Minnesota Mun P Agny",40580,1999,"SHERCO #3","STEAM PLANT","01/01/87",,331954,357000,7219,0,2035404000,0,0,331434191,331434191,998,3571246,1376329,18703611,0,1905690,0,0,392953,4634715,9336,422268,415136,2261396,2483729,678192,33283355,16,"TONS",1161899,8701,16.34,15.53,0.89,0.01,9934,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Michigan Public Power Agency",40582,1999,"Belle River","Steam","01/01/84","01/01/85",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Michigan Public Power Agency",40582,1999,"Campbell #3","Steam","01/01/80","01/01/80",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand Island City of",40606,1999,"BURDICK","GAS TURBINE","01/01/68","01/01/68",14800,16,76,15,984760,0,0,1554976,1554976,105,0,2286,35784,0,5087,0,0,4586,3641,174,142,374,616,5648,0,58338,59,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",20055,1000,2.26,1.78,1.78,0.04,20365,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand Island City of",40606,1999,"PGS","STEAM","/ /","/ /",100000,100000,8410,49,554461278,1708020,24075151,64351183,90134354,901,0,133740,4506550,0,718768,0,0,867378,199672,0,24187,229866,682366,387132,0,7749659,14,"TONS",358870,8391,10.89,12.56,0.75,0.01,10862,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand Island City of",40606,1999,"BURDICK","STEAM","01/01/57","01/01/72",92500,55000,2977,15,36138330,376970,3684704,31154613,35216287,381,0,102306,1368110,0,305181,0,0,256501,220102,7223,23106,51661,178024,228731,0,2740945,76,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",504548,1000,2.29,2.71,2.71,0.04,13962,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Northern California Power Agny",40613,1999,"CT 1 (5 Units)","Combustion","01/01/86","01/01/86",124000,0,877,5,22025,981098,1465987,45464256,47911341,386,0,0,917842,0,0,0,0,208067,9810,0,95167,0,0,420321,0,1651207,74970,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",328153,0,2.7,2.7,2.44,0.04,15363,"gal",43800,0,0.43,0.43,0.43,0.04,15400 "Northern California Power Agny",40613,1999,"CT 2 (STIG)","Combustion","01/01/96","01/01/96",49900,0,1502,9,102136,0,0,62901868,62901868,1261,307564,0,2704183,0,0,0,0,120252,34596,0,411336,0,0,1176957,0,4447324,43543,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",914572,0,2.83,2.83,2.33,0.03,9135,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Northern California Power Agny",40613,1999,"Geothermal One","Steam","01/01/83","01/01/83",110000,110540,8301,30,625621000,47873178,43427882,0,91301060,830,133458,764505,20092994,0,0,0,0,1317733,114299,0,286198,163870,39903,901827,786469,24467798,39,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Steam",11071643,1210000,0.93,0.93,0.77,0.02,18504,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Northern California Power Agny",40613,1999,"Geothermal Two","Steam","01/01/86","01/01/86",110000,110540,8207,30,627369000,58362769,52110952,0,110473721,1004,170987,681966,20079701,0,0,0,0,1433824,67816,0,36,101301,24056,451698,784863,23625261,38,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Steam",10898373,1200000,0.93,0.93,0.78,0.02,19066,,0,0,0,0,0,0