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Sample records for briefly describes nems

  1. Residential Demand Module - NEMS Documentation

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2014-01-01

    Model Documentation - Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Residential Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and FORTRAN source code.

  2. Macroeconomic Activity Module - NEMS Documentation

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2014-01-01

    Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook for 2014 (AEO2014). The report catalogues and describes the module assumptions, computations, methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and mainframe source code

  3. Coal Market Module - NEMS Documentation

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2014-01-01

    Documents the objectives and the conceptual and methodological approach used in the development of the National Energy Modeling System's (NEMS) Coal Market Module (CMM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 (AEO2014). This report catalogues and describes the assumptions, methodology, estimation techniques, and source code of CMM's two submodules. These are the Coal Production Submodule (CPS) and the Coal Distribution Submodule (CDS).

  4. International Energy Module - NEMS Documentation

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2014-01-01

    Summarizes the overall structure of the International Energy Model and its interface with other NEMS modules, mathematical specifications of behavioral relationships, and data sources and estimation methods.

  5. Renewable Fuels Module - NEMS Documentation

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2014-01-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it relates to the production of the Annual Energy Outlook forecasts.

  6. National Energy Modeling System (NEMS)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of U.S. through 2030. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors, world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavioral and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. NEMS was designed and implemented by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). NEMS can be used to analyze the effects of existing and proposed government laws and regulations related to energy production and use; the potential impact of new and advanced energy production, conversion, and consumption technologies; the impact and cost of greenhouse gas control; the impact of increased use of renewable energy sources; and the potential savings from increased efficiency of energy use; and the impact of regulations on the use of alternative or reformulated fuels. NEMS has also been used for a number of special analyses at the request of the Administration, U.S. Congress, other offices of DOE and other government agencies, who specify the scenarios and assumptions for the analysis. Modules allow analyses to be conducted in energy topic areas such as residential demand, industrial demand, electricity market, oil and gas supply, renewable fuels, etc.

  7. NEMS integrating module documentation report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-14

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer modeling system that produces a general equilibrium solution for energy supply and demand in the US energy markets. The model achieves a supply and demand balance in the end-use demand regions, defined as the nine Census Divisions, by solving for the prices of each energy type such that the quantities producers are willing to supply equal the quantities consumers wish to consume. The system reflects market economics, industry structure, and energy policies and regulations that influence market behavior. The NEMS Integrating Module is the central integrating component of a complex modeling system. As such, a thorough understanding of its role in the modeling process can only be achieved by placing it in the proper context with respect to the other modules. To that end, this document provides an overview of the complete NEMS model, and includes brief descriptions of the modules with which the Integrating Module interacts. The emphasis and focus, however, is on the structure and function of the Integrating Module of NEMS.

  8. Price Responsiveness in the AEO2003 NEMS Residential and Commercial Buildings Sector Models

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes the demand responses to changes in energy prices in the Annual Energy Outlook 2003 versions of the Residential and Commercial Demand Modules of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). It updates a similar paper completed for the Annual Energy Outlook 1999 version of the NEMS.

  9. U.S. Regional Demand Forecasts Using NEMS and GIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Jesse A.; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

    2005-01-01

    Forecasts Using NEMS and GIS National Climatic Data Center.with Changing Boundaries." Use of GIS to Understand Socio-Forecasts Using NEMS and GIS Appendix A. Map Results Gallery

  10. Integrated NEMS and optoelectronics for sensor applications.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Czaplewski, David A.; Serkland, Darwin Keith; Olsson, Roy H., III; Bogart, Gregory R. (Symphony Acoustics, Rio Rancho, NM); Krishnamoorthy, Uma; Warren, Mial E.; Carr, Dustin Wade (Symphony Acoustics, Rio Rancho, NM); Okandan, Murat; Peterson, Kenneth Allen

    2008-01-01

    This work utilized advanced engineering in several fields to find solutions to the challenges presented by the integration of MEMS/NEMS with optoelectronics to realize a compact sensor system, comprised of a microfabricated sensor, VCSEL, and photodiode. By utilizing microfabrication techniques in the realization of the MEMS/NEMS component, the VCSEL and the photodiode, the system would be small in size and require less power than a macro-sized component. The work focused on two technologies, accelerometers and microphones, leveraged from other LDRD programs. The first technology was the nano-g accelerometer using a nanophotonic motion detection system (67023). This accelerometer had measured sensitivity of approximately 10 nano-g. The Integrated NEMS and optoelectronics LDRD supported the nano-g accelerometer LDRD by providing advanced designs for the accelerometers, packaging, and a detection scheme to encapsulate the accelerometer, furthering the testing capabilities beyond bench-top tests. A fully packaged and tested die was never realized, but significant packaging issues were addressed and many resolved. The second technology supported by this work was the ultrasensitive directional microphone arrays for military operations in urban terrain and future combat systems (93518). This application utilized a diffraction-based sensing technique with different optical component placement and a different detection scheme from the nano-g accelerometer. The Integrated NEMS LDRD supported the microphone array LDRD by providing custom designs, VCSELs, and measurement techniques to accelerometers that were fabricated from the same operational principles as the microphones, but contain proof masses for acceleration transduction. These devices were packaged at the end of the work.

  11. How to obtain the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2013-01-01

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) NEMS is used by the modelers at the U. S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) who understand its structure and programming. NEMS has only been used by a few organizations outside of the EIA, because most people that requested NEMS found out that it was too difficult or rigid to use. NEMS is not typically used for state-level analysis and is poorly suited for application to other countries. However, many do obtain the model simply to use the data in its input files or to examine the source code.

  12. H Loop shaping control for PLL-based mechanical resonance tracking in NEMS resonant mass sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    problem that rejects the disturbance described by the resonance frequency shift, attenuates the phase the measurement scheme to a disturbance rejection control issue which considers the resonance frequency variation--A simple dynamic detection of the resonance frequency shift in NEMS resonant mass sensors is described

  13. NEMS Freight Transportation Module Improvement Study

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar AprThousand Cubic Feet) DecadeYear2CubicfromCubicNEMS

  14. NEMS Buildings Sector Working Group Meeting

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014ProvedYear Jan Feb Mar AprCubic Feet)Rowe:NEMS

  15. Investigation of residential central air conditioning load shapes in NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamachi LaCommare, Kristina; Marnay, Chris; Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Rosenquist, Greg; Osborn, Julie

    2002-01-01

    of Residential Central Air Conditioning Load Shapes in NEMSof Residential Central Air Conditioning Load Shapes in NEMSof Residential Central Air Conditioning Load Shapes in NEMS

  16. Fundamentals and application of materials integration for low-power piezoelectrically actuated ultra-nanocrystalline diamond MEMS/NEMS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auciello, O.; Srinivasan, S.; Hiller, J.; Kabius, B. (Center for Nanoscale Materials); ( MSD)

    2009-01-01

    Most current micro/nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS) are based on silicon. However, silicon exhibits relatively poor mechanical/tribological properties, compromising applications to several projected MEMS/NEMS devices, particularly those that require materials with high Young's modulus for MEMS resonators or low surface adhesion forces for MEMS/NEMS working in conditions with extensive surface contact. Diamond films with superior mechanical/tribological properties provide an excellent alternative platform material. Ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD{cflx W}) in film form with 2-5 nm grains exhibits excellent properties for high-performance MEMS/NEMS devices. Concurrently, piezoelectric Pb(Zr{sub x}Ti{sub 1-x})O{sub 3} (PZT) films provide high sensitivity/low electrical noise for sensing/high-force actuation at relatively low voltages. Therefore, integration of PZT and UNCD films provides a high-performance platform for advanced MEMS/NEMS devices. This paper describes the bases of such integration and demonstration of low voltage piezoactuated hybrid PZT/UNCD cantilevers.

  17. Liquid Fuels Market Module - NEMS Documentation

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2014-01-01

    Defines the objectives of the Liquid Fuels Market Model (LFMM), describes its basic approach, and provides detail on how it works. This report is intended as a reference document for model analysts, users, and the public.

  18. U.S. Regional Demand Forecasts Using NEMS and GIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, Jesse A.; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

    2005-07-01

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a multi-sector, integrated model of the U.S. energy system put out by the Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration. NEMS is used to produce the annual 20-year forecast of U.S. energy use aggregated to the nine-region census division level. The research objective was to disaggregate this regional energy forecast to the county level for select forecast years, for use in a more detailed and accurate regional analysis of energy usage across the U.S. The process of disaggregation using a geographic information system (GIS) was researched and a model was created utilizing available population forecasts and climate zone data. The model's primary purpose was to generate an energy demand forecast with greater spatial resolution than what is currently produced by NEMS, and to produce a flexible model that can be used repeatedly as an add-on to NEMS in which detailed analysis can be executed exogenously with results fed back into the NEMS data flow. The methods developed were then applied to the study data to obtain residential and commercial electricity demand forecasts. The model was subjected to comparative and statistical testing to assess predictive accuracy. Forecasts using this model were robust and accurate in slow-growing, temperate regions such as the Midwest and Mountain regions. Interestingly, however, the model performed with less accuracy in the Pacific and Northwest regions of the country where population growth was more active. In the future more refined methods will be necessary to improve the accuracy of these forecasts. The disaggregation method was written into a flexible tool within the ArcGIS environment which enables the user to output the results in five year intervals over the period 2000-2025. In addition, the outputs of this tool were used to develop a time-series simulation showing the temporal changes in electricity forecasts in terms of absolute, per capita, and density of demand.

  19. Assessment and Suggestions to Improve the Commercial Building Module of EIA-NEMS 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neal, D. L.; Reddy, T. A.; Sucher, B.

    1996-01-01

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a comprehensive, computer-based, energy-economy modeling system developed and maintained by the Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA). NEMS forecasts the national production...

  20. Floating-point unit (FPU) designs with nano-electromechanical (NEM) relays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dutta, Sumit, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    Nano-electromechanical (NEM) relays are an alternative to CMOS transistors as the fabric of digital circuits. Circuits with NEM relays offer energy-efficiency benefits over CMOS since they have zero leakage power and are ...

  1. NEMS International Energy Module, model documentation report: World Oil Market, Petroleum Products Supply and Oxygenates Supply components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-04

    The Energy Information Administration (EIA) is developing the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) to enhance its energy forecasting capabilities and to provide the Department of Energy with a comprehensive framework for analyzing alternative energy` futures. NEMS is designed with a multi-level modular structure that represents specific energy supply activities, conversion processes, and demand sectors as a series of self-contained units which are linked by an integrating mechanism. The NEMS International Energy Module (IEM) computes world oil prices and the resulting patterns of international trade in crude oil and refined products. This report is a reference document for energy analysts, model users, and the public that is intended to meet EIA`s legal obligation to provide adequate documentation for all statistical and forecast reports (Public Law 93-275, section 57(b)(1). Its purpose is to describe the structure of the IEM. Actual operation of the model is not discussed here. The report contains four sections summarizing the overall structure of the IEM and its interface with other NEMS modules, mathematical specifications of behavioral relationships, and data sources and estimation methods. Following a general description of the function and rationale of its key components, system and equation level information sufficient to permit independent evaluation of the model`s technical details is presented.

  2. Overview of NEMS-H2, Version 1.0

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills andOrder 422.1, CONDUCT OFER-B-00-020 DOEProgramNEMS-H2, Version 1.0

  3. The Practical Applications of Net Energy Metering (NEM) By: Ken Linder and Katie Noland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Applications of Net Energy Metering (NEM) By: Ken Linder and Katie Noland Recommendations: Currently the Net Energy Metering (NEM) law in accordance to Montana state policy caps the amount of energy reimbursable by utility companies for personal production of energy. The goal of the capstone class policy group is to put

  4. A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborn, Julie G.; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

    2001-01-01

    Documentation Report: Wind Energy Submodule (WES). DOE/EIA-The Economic Value of Wind Energy at High Power SystemOF THE TREATMENT OF WIND ENERGY IN THE AEO99 VERSION OF NEMS

  5. CNT-based MEMS/NEMS gas ionizers for portable mass spectrometry applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Velasquez-Heller, Luis Fernand

    We report the fabrication and experimental characterization of a carbon nanotube (CNT)-based MEMS/NEMS electron impact gas ionizer with an integrated extractor gate for portable mass spectrometry. The ionizer achieves ...

  6. Investigation of the effects of soluble boron tracking on coupled CTF / NEM, LWR simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biery, M.; Avramova, M.; Ivanov, K.

    2013-07-01

    The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of introducing a boron tracking capability to the COBRA-TF / NEM code coupling. The Pennsylvania State University (PSU) versions of COBRA-TF - CTF, and Nodal Expansion Method (NEM) codes are utilized. Previous implementations of the CTF / NEM coupled code had no capability to model soluble boron feedback effects due to boron transport. This study builds upon the validation and qualification efforts of the boron tracking model implementation in CTF by modeling the boron feedback calculated by the CTF boron tracking model in NEM. The core model chosen for this study is the Purdue MOX/UO{sub 2} core model used in the 2007 OECD/NRC code benchmark study. Following the implementation of an explicit online coupling scheme and accompanying k-search routine, the newly coupled CTF / NEM code version with boron tracking is compared to prior results of the non-boron tracking CTF / NEM code version at steady-state hot full power and hot zero power conditions. It was found that the boron tracking model exhibited little influence on the hot zero power result as expected due to a smaller heat flux, which does not significantly change the moderator density and boron concentration as the moderator travels up the axial core length. Meanwhile the boron tracking model had a much greater impact on the hot full power results, predicting the critical inlet boron concentration to be 9.9 ppm below the non-boron tracking result due to greater and more rapid changes in boron concentration corresponding to the reduction in moderator density from being more rapidly heated. (authors)

  7. MEMS/NEMS Design Automation and Synthesis Annual Report for NSF Grant # CCR-DES/CC-0306557

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    1 MEMS/NEMS Design Automation and Synthesis Annual Report for NSF Grant # CCR-DES/CC-0306557 (2004: The goal of the project is to extend the existing SUGAR MEMS simulator into a design synthesis tool that supports the early stages of MEMS/NEMS conceptual design. We are developing a broad base of MEMS building

  8. MEMS/NEMS Design Automation and Synthesis Annual Report for NSF Grant # CCR-DES/CC-0306557

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    1 MEMS/NEMS Design Automation and Synthesis Annual Report for NSF Grant # CCR-DES/CC-0306557 (2005: The goal of the project is to extend the existing SUGAR MEMS simulator into a design synthesis tool that supports the early stages of MEMS/NEMS conceptual design. We are developing a broad base of MEMS building

  9. Ultrananocrystalline and nanocrystalline diamond thin films for NEMS/MEMS applications.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sumant, A. V.; Auciello, O.; Carpick, R. W.; Srinivasan, S.; Butler, J. E. (Center for Nanoscale Materials); ( MSD); ( PSC-USR)

    2010-04-01

    There has been a tireless quest by the designers of micro- and nanoelectro mechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS) to find a suitable material alternative to conventional silicon. This is needed to develop robust, reliable, and long-endurance MEMS/NEMS with capabilities for working under demanding conditions, including harsh environments, high stresses, or with contacting and sliding surfaces. Diamond is one of the most promising candidates for this because of its superior physical, chemical, and tribomechanical properties. Ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) and nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) thin films, the two most studied forms of diamond films in the last decade, have distinct growth processes and nanostructures but complementary properties. This article reviews the fundamental and applied science performed to understand key aspects of UNCD and NCD films, including the nucleation and growth, tribomechanical properties, electronic properties, and applied studies on integration with piezoelectric materials and CMOS technology. Several emerging diamond-based MEMS/NEMS applications, including high-frequency resonators, radio frequency MEMS and photonic switches, and the first commercial diamond MEMS product - monolithic diamond atomic force microscopy probes - are discussed.

  10. Comparison of Bottom-Up and Top-Down Forecasts: Vision Industry Energy Forecasts with ITEMS and NEMS 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roop, J. M.; Dahowski, R. T

    2000-01-01

    Comparisons are made of energy forecasts using results from the Industrial module of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) and an industrial economic-engineering model called the Industrial Technology and Energy Modeling System (ITEMS), a model...

  11. Appendix E: Other NEMS-MP results for the base case and scenarios.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plotkin, S. E.; Singh, M. K.; Energy Systems

    2009-12-03

    The NEMS-MP model generates numerous results for each run of a scenario. (This model is the integrated National Energy Modeling System [NEMS] version used for the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study [MP].) This appendix examines additional findings beyond the primary results reported in the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study: Vehicle Characterization and Scenario Analyses (Reference 1). These additional results are provided in order to help further illuminate some of the primary results. Specifically discussed in this appendix are: (1) Energy use results for light vehicles (LVs), including details about the underlying total vehicle miles traveled (VMT), the average vehicle fuel economy, and the volumes of the different fuels used; (2) Resource fuels and their use in the production of ethanol, hydrogen (H{sub 2}), and electricity; (3) Ethanol use in the scenarios (i.e., the ethanol consumption in E85 vs. other blends, the percent of travel by flex fuel vehicles on E85, etc.); (4) Relative availability of E85 and H2 stations; (5) Fuel prices; (6) Vehicle prices; and (7) Consumer savings. These results are discussed as follows: (1) The three scenarios (Mixed, (P)HEV & Ethanol, and H2 Success) when assuming vehicle prices developed through literature review; (2) The three scenarios with vehicle prices that incorporate the achievement of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) program vehicle cost goals; (3) The three scenarios with 'literature review' vehicle prices, plus vehicle subsidies; and (4) The three scenarios with 'program goals' vehicle prices, plus vehicle subsidies. The four versions or cases of each scenario are referred to as: Literature Review No Subsidies, Program Goals No Subsidies, Literature Review with Subsidies, and Program Goals with Subsidies. Two additional points must be made here. First, none of the results presented for LVs in this section include Class 2B trucks. Results for this class are included occasionally in Reference 1. They represent a small, though noticeable, segment of the 'LV plus 2B' market (e.g., a little more than 3% of today's energy use in that market). We generally do not include them in this discussion, simply because it requires additional effort to combine the NEMS-MP results for them with the results for the other LVs. (Where there is an exception, we will indicate so.) Second, where reference is made to E85, the ethanol content is actually 74%. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) assumes that, to address cold-starting issues, the percent of ethanol in E85 will vary seasonally. The EIA uses an annual average ethanol content of 74% in its forecasts. That assumption is maintained in the NEMS-MP scenario runs.

  12. A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osborn, Julie G; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

    2001-01-01

    Each year, the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes a forecast of the domestic energy economy in the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO). During the forecast period of the AEO (currently through 2020), renewable energy technologies have typically not achieved significant growth. The contribution of renewable technologies as electric generators becomes more important, however, in scenarios analyzing greenhouse gas emissions reductions or significant technological advancements. We examined the economic assumptions about wind power used for producing forecasts with the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) to determine their influence on the projected capacity expansion of this technology. This analysis should help illustrate to policymakers what types of issues may affect wind development, and improve the general understanding of the NEMS model itself. Figure 1 illustrates the model structure and factors relevant to wind deployment. We found that NEMS uses various cost multipliers and constraints to represent potential physical and economic limitations to growth in wind capacity, such as resource depletion, costs associated with rapid manufacturing expansion, and grid stability with high levels of capacity from intermittent resources. The model's flexibility allows the user to make alternative assumptions about the magnitude of these factors. While these assumptions have little effect on the Reference Case forecast for the 1999 edition of the AEO, they can make a dramatic difference when wind is more attractive, such as under a carbon permit trading system. With $100/ton carbon permits, the wind capacity projection for 2020 ranges from 15 GW in the unaltered model (AEO99 Reference Case) to 168 GW in the extreme case when all the multipliers and constraints examined in this study are removed. Furthermore, if modifications are made to the model allowing inter-regional transmission of electricity, wind capacity is forecast to reach 214 GW when all limitations are removed. The figures in the upper end of these ranges are not intended to be viewed as reasonable projections, but their magnitude illustrates the importance of the parameters governing the growth of wind capacity and resource availability in forecasts using NEMS. In addition, many uncertainties exist regarding these assumptions that potentially affect the growth of wind power. We suggest several areas in which to focus future research in order to better model the potential development of this resource. Because many of the assumptions related to wind in the model are also used for other renewable technologies, these suggestions could be applied to other renewable resources as well.

  13. A 2D/1D coupling neutron transport method based on the matrix MOC and NEM methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, H.; Zheng, Y.; Wu, H.; Cao, L.

    2013-07-01

    A new 2D/1D coupling method based on the matrix MOC method (MMOC) and nodal expansion method (NEM) is proposed for solving the three-dimensional heterogeneous neutron transport problem. The MMOC method, used for radial two-dimensional calculation, constructs a response matrix between source and flux with only one sweep and then solves the linear system by using the restarted GMRES algorithm instead of the traditional trajectory sweeping process during within-group iteration for angular flux update. Long characteristics are generated by using the customization of commercial software AutoCAD. A one-dimensional diffusion calculation is carried out in the axial direction by employing the NEM method. The 2D and ID solutions are coupled through the transverse leakage items. The 3D CMFD method is used to ensure the global neutron balance and adjust the different convergence properties of the radial and axial solvers. A computational code is developed based on these theories. Two benchmarks are calculated to verify the coupling method and the code. It is observed that the corresponding numerical results agree well with references, which indicates that the new method is capable of solving the 3D heterogeneous neutron transport problem directly. (authors)

  14. Appendix A: GPRA08 benefits estimates: NEMS and MARKAL Model Baseline Cases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    Document summarizes the results of the benefits analysis of EERE’s programs, as described in the FY 2008 Budget Request. EERE estimates benefits for its overall portfolio and nine Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment (RD3) programs.

  15. Net Energy Metering (NEM)

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    facilities on the military installation does not exceed 50% of the highest daily peak demand for electricity at that military installation over the course of the preceding...

  16. NEMS International Energy Module

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,Decade Year-03.82 (MillionandIndustrialYear137

  17. SIMULATION OF HENs This chapter describes how dynamic simulations of HENs can be carried out. The type and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    be carried out. The type and complexity of the model of each heat exchanger significantly affect the efforts required for HEN simulation, and focus is on the development of a general heat exchanger model countercurrent heat exchangers are briefly described, and the chapter closes by explaining how dynamic simulation

  18. Other, Describe: The University of Oklahoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    Other, Describe: New Hire The University of Oklahoma Background Check Authorization Attention Transfer Incoming Medical Resident Volunteer The University of Oklahoma will conduct Standard Pre. I understand that the University of Oklahoma may utilize the services of a third-party as part

  19. On Gaussian Beams Described by Jacobi's Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steven Thomas Smith

    2014-04-18

    Gaussian beams describe the amplitude and phase of rays and are widely used to model acoustic propagation. This paper describes four new results in the theory of Gaussian beams. (1) A new version of the \\v{C}erven\\'y equations for the amplitude and phase of Gaussian beams is developed by applying the equivalence of Hamilton-Jacobi theory with Jacobi's equation that connects Riemannian curvature to geodesic flow. Thus the paper makes a fundamental connection between Gaussian beams and an acoustic channel's so-called intrinsic Gaussian curvature from differential geometry. (2) A new formula $\\pi(c/c")^{1/2}$ for the distance between convergence zones is derived and applied to several well-known profiles. (3) A class of "model spaces" are introduced that connect the acoustics of ducting/divergence zones with the channel's Gaussian curvature $K=cc"-(c')^2$. The "model" SSPs yield constant Gaussian curvature in which the geometry of ducts corresponds to great circles on a sphere and convergence zones correspond to antipodes. The distance between caustics $\\pi(c/c")^{1/2}$ is equated with an ideal hyperbolic cosine SSP duct. (4) An "intrinsic" version of \\v{C}erven\\'y's formulae for the amplitude and phase of Gaussian beams is derived that does not depend on an "extrinsic" arbitrary choice of coordinates such as range and depth. Direct comparisons are made between the computational frameworks used by the three different approaches to Gaussian beams: Snell's law, the extrinsic Frenet-Serret formulae, and the intrinsic Jacobi methods presented here. The relationship of Gaussian beams to Riemannian curvature is explained with an overview of the modern covariant geometric methods that provide a general framework for application to other special cases.

  20. New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Markets New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle...

  1. Briefly Noted An Introduction to Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    it equipped with the unforgettable image of someone shaving excess material off the peaks and bulges for one semester; it must be used selectively. If nothing is skipped, then besides getting a thorough and Prolog along the way, aided by a 50-page Pro- log handbook in Appendix A. My experience is that Prolog

  2. Briefly Noted Automatic Indexing and Abstracting of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The TIPSTER SUMMAC Text Summarization Evaluation, Final Report. The MITRE Corporation, report number MTR 98W abstracting and indexing has received re- newed interest and a number of promising approaches have emerged to the final evaluation of the method. The system developed by the author combines symbolic techniques

  3. Briefly Noted Linguistic and Computational Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and METAL. Neither of the authors were involved in the develop- ment of any of these software projects. The effort, thus, has actually been duplicated to a significant extent, casting cer- tain doubt on any

  4. NREL: News - NREL Releases Report Describing Guidelines for PV...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Printable Version News Release NR-1615 NREL Releases Report Describing Guidelines for PV Manufacturer Quality Assurance International task force aims to toughen standards,...

  5. A Layered Architecture for Describing Information System Development Methodologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jun

    , modelling techniques, life cycle models, notations and tools. Some ISDMs target particular parts cycle. Some include project management and estimation techniques while others focus onlyA Layered Architecture for Describing Information System Development Methodologies P. M. Steele, J

  6. Describing Spatial Relations using Informal Semantics Kristin Stock1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    Describing Spatial Relations using Informal Semantics Kristin Stock1 1 University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD, Nottingham Tel. +44(0)787 299 3270 Email: kristin.stock@nottingham.ac.uk Web address: http, people tend to think in terms of informal semantics. Informal semantics take the form of cognitive models

  7. 1. Abstract This paper describes the architecture and implementation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jahanian, Farnam

    1. Abstract This paper describes the architecture and implementation of Windmill, a passive network protocol performance measurement tool. Windmill enables experimenters to measure a broad range of protocol protocol layers' events. Windmill is split into three functional components: a dynamically compiled

  8. A Framework for Describing Web Repositories Frank McCown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Michael L.

    , dark and grey web repos- itories; and states of recoverability (vulnerable, replicated, endangeredA Framework for Describing Web Repositories Frank McCown Department of Computer Science Harding to "lazily preserve" websites and re- construct them when they are lost. We use the term "web repositories

  9. Which number system is "best" for describing empirical reality?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Matt

    2013-01-01

    Eugene Wigner's much discussed notion of the "unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics" in describing the physics of empirical reality is simultaneously both trivial and profound. After all, the relevant mathematics was, (in the first instance), originally developed in order to be useful in describing empirical reality. On the other hand, certain aspects of the mathematical superstructure have now taken on a life of their own, with at least some features of the mathematical superstructure greatly exceeding anything that can be directly probed or verified, or even justified, by empirical experiment. Specifically, I wish to raise the possibility that the real number system, (with its nevertheless pragmatically very useful tools of real analysis, and mathematically rigorous notions of differentiation and integration), may nevertheless constitute a "wrong turn" when it comes to modelling empirical reality. Without making any definitive recommendation, I shall discuss several alternatives.

  10. Angular momentum and torque described with the complex octonion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weng, Zi-Hua, E-mail: xmuwzh@xmu.edu.cn [School of Physics and Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China)

    2014-08-15

    The paper aims to adopt the complex octonion to formulate the angular momentum, torque, and force etc in the electromagnetic and gravitational fields. Applying the octonionic representation enables one single definition of angular momentum (or torque, force) to combine some physics contents, which were considered to be independent of each other in the past. J. C. Maxwell used simultaneously two methods, the vector terminology and quaternion analysis, to depict the electromagnetic theory. It motivates the paper to introduce the quaternion space into the field theory, describing the physical feature of electromagnetic and gravitational fields. The spaces of electromagnetic field and of gravitational field can be chosen as the quaternion spaces, while the coordinate component of quaternion space is able to be the complex number. The quaternion space of electromagnetic field is independent of that of gravitational field. These two quaternion spaces may compose one octonion space. Contrarily, one octonion space can be separated into two subspaces, the quaternion space and S-quaternion space. In the quaternion space, it is able to infer the field potential, field strength, field source, angular momentum, torque, and force etc in the gravitational field. In the S-quaternion space, it is capable of deducing the field potential, field strength, field source, current continuity equation, and electric (or magnetic) dipolar moment etc in the electromagnetic field. The results reveal that the quaternion space is appropriate to describe the gravitational features, including the torque, force, and mass continuity equation etc. The S-quaternion space is proper to depict the electromagnetic features, including the dipolar moment and current continuity equation etc. In case the field strength is weak enough, the force and the continuity equation etc can be respectively reduced to that in the classical field theory.

  11. Angular momentum and torque described with the complex octonion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zi-Hua Weng

    2015-07-21

    The paper aims to adopt the complex octonion to formulate the angular momentum, torque, and force etc in the electromagnetic and gravitational fields. Applying the octonionic representation enables one single definition of angular momentum (or torque, force) to combine some physics contents, which were considered to be independent of each other in the past. J. C. Maxwell used simultaneously two methods, the vector terminology and quaternion analysis, to depict the electromagnetic theory. It motivates the paper to introduce the quaternion space into the field theory, describing the physical feature of electromagnetic and gravitational fields. The spaces of two fields can be chosen as the quaternion spaces, while the coordinate component of quaternion space is able to be the complex number. The quaternion space of electromagnetic field is independent of that of gravitational field. These two quaternion spaces may compose one octonion space. Contrarily, one octonion space can be separated into two subspaces, the quaternion space and S-quaternion space. In the quaternion space, it is able to infer the field potential, field strength, field source, angular momentum, torque, and force etc in the gravitational field. In the S-quaternion space, it is capable of deducing the field potential, field strength, field source, current continuity equation, and electric (or magnetic) dipolar moment etc in the electromagnetic field. The results reveal that the quaternion space is appropriate to describe the gravitational features, including the torque, force, and mass continuity equation etc. The S-quaternion space is proper to depict the electromagnetic features, including the dipolar moment and current continuity equation etc. In case the field strength is weak enough, the force and the continuity equation etc can be respectively reduced to that in the classical field theory.

  12. Adaptation of the Generalized Carnot Cycle to Describe Thermodynamics of Cerebral Cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Walter J III

    2012-01-01

    action-perception cycle; Carnot cycle; dissipation;of the Generalized Carnot Cycle to Describe Thermodynamicsof  the  generalized  Carnot  cycle  to  describe  

  13. Missouri DOT 1) Briefly summarize your current pavement smoothness requirements.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    tables: Table I - 45 mph or greater Profile Index, Percent of Inches Per Mile (mm/km) Contract Price 10 or less. Table II - Under 45 mph International Roughness Index, Percent of Inches Per Mile Contract Price After correction to 25.0 inches per mile (395 mm/km) or less. #12;Table II - Under 45 mph Profile Index

  14. Briefly Noted Towards High-Precision Machine Trans-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the partic- ular sub-language of that text. The high-level goal is to produce translations that read dealing with (wordy) party programs (good performance) and (concise) party manifestos (worse performance

  15. Briefly Bound to Activate: Transient Binding of a Second Catalytic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Dynamics of CDK2 Kinase for Catalysis We have determined high-resolution crystal structures of a CDK2Cyclin A transition state complex bound to ADP, substrate peptide, and...

  16. Briefly Bound to Activate: Transient Binding of a Second Catalytic

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfate Reducing Bacteria (Technical Report) | SciTechReport)(TechnicalArticle)ConnectMagnesium

  17. HARBEC's $52,000 Annual Energy Savings under SEP Described in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    HARBEC's 52,000 Annual Energy Savings under SEP Described in New Case Study HARBEC's 52,000 Annual Energy Savings under SEP Described in New Case Study September 18, 2014 -...

  18. Parameter Estimation of Systems Described by the Relation with Noisy Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of systems described by the equations [Bubnicki, 80a]. The problem of modeling and identification of systems

  19. A technical framework to describe occupant behavior for building energy simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner Ph.D., William

    2014-01-01

    Hong and H. Lin, “Occupant Behavior?: Impact on Energy Useand validation of occupant behavior models, while alsoframework to describe occupant behavior for building energy

  20. Adaptation of the Generalized Carnot Cycle to Describe Thermodynamics of Cerebral Cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Walter J III; Kozma, Robert; Vitiello, Giuseppe

    2012-01-01

    action-perception cycle; Carnot cycle; dissipation;of the Generalized Carnot Cycle to Describe Thermodynamicswith the generalized Carnot cycle, in which the energy

  1. CMB: The ultimate test for theoretical models aiming at describing the very early universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mairi Sakellariadou

    2001-11-27

    In this talk, I will illustrate how one can use the cosmic microwave background anisotropy measurements, in order to test theoretical models aiming at describing the early universe.

  2. Mathematical Analysis of a model describing the invasion of bacteria in burn wounds #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    and references). The rapid development of antibiotic resistance among bacteria has added urgency to the taskMathematical Analysis of a model describing the invasion of bacteria in burn wounds # D. Hilhorst arises as a model for host tissue degradation by bacteria and involves a parameter describing

  3. Mathematical Analysis of a model describing the invasion of bacteria in burn wounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    and references). The rapid development of antibiotic resistance among bacteria has added urgency to the taskMathematical Analysis of a model describing the invasion of bacteria in burn wounds D. Hilhorst arises as a model for host tissue degradation by bacteria and involves a parameter describing

  4. Quiz Questions 1. Name and describe two of the six principal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    #12;Quiz Questions 1. Name and describe two of the six principal pathways of invasion outlined in this paper. 2. Figure 1 shows typical invasion pathways broken down by taxonomic group. Choose one group (e.g., terrestrial vertebrates) and describe how it is similar/different from other groups. #12;Quiz Questions 3

  5. Title: The automatic discovery of structural principles describing protein fold space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muggleton, Stephen H.

    Title: The automatic discovery of structural principles describing protein fold space Adrian P author Short title Describing protein fold space #12;Summary The study of protein structure has largely to analyse (and determine the principles responsible for) the distribution of proteins in fold space

  6. Three surveillance systems for describing the spatial distribution of Johne's disease seropositivity in Texas cattle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearce, Brielle H.

    2009-05-15

    is able to persist in the environment of cattle for extended periods of time; therefore the distribution of the disease depends on the presence of infected animals and environmental conditions. Three surveillance systems were used to describe the spatial...

  7. Adaptation of the Generalized Carnot Cycle to Describe Thermodynamics of Cerebral Cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Walter J.

    Adaptation of the Generalized Carnot Cycle to Describe Thermodynamics of Cerebral Cortex Freeman WJ, Kozma R, Vitiello G (2012) Adaptation of the generalized Carnot cycle theory. Our new result is modeling cortical macroscopic thermodynamics with the generalized Carnot cycle

  8. Adaptation of the Generalized Carnot Cycle to Describe Thermodynamics of Cerebral Cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Walter J.

    Adaptation of the Generalized Carnot Cycle to Describe Thermodynamics of Cerebral Cortex theory. Our new result is modeling cortical macroscopic thermodynamics with the generalized Carnot cycle comprises minimally three consecutive Carnot cycles required for basic perception, assimilation

  9. Creating a meta model describing a production system's concepts and their relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Peter

    . The responsibility of this control entity is to make a planning, based on the incoming orders and what has happened.............................................................................................................................18 Planning and controlCreating a meta model describing a production system's concepts and their relations Freek van den

  10. Describing Simulations in the Orc Programming David Kitchin, Adrian Quark, Jayadev Misra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Describing Simulations in the Orc Programming Language David Kitchin, Adrian Quark, Jayadev Misra interactions. · Support hierarchical structure. #12;Orc · Goal: Internet scripting language. · Next: Component airline provides a timely quote. - #12;Orc Basics · Site: Basic service or component. · Concurrency

  11. Navier-Stokes equation describes the movement of a special superfluid medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valeriy I. Sbitnev

    2015-04-28

    The Navier-Stokes equation contains two terms which have been subjected to slight modification: (a) the viscosity term depends of time (the viscosity in average on time is zero, but its variance is nonzero); (b) the pressure gradient contains an added term describing the entropy gradient multiplied by the pressure. Owing to these modifications, the Navier-Stokes equation can be reduced to the Schr\\"odinger equation describing behavior of a particle into the vacuum, where the vacuum is a superfluid medium. Vortex structures arising in this medium show infinitely long life owing to zero average viscosity. The nonzero variance describes exchange of the vortex energy with zero-point energy of the vacuum. Radius of the vortex trembles around some average value. This observation sheds the light to the Zitterbewegung phenomenon. The vortex has a non-zero core where the vortex velocity vanishes. Its organization is discussed with the point of view of the Calabi-Yau manifold.

  12. Navier-Stokes equation describes the movement of a special superfluid medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sbitnev, Valeriy I

    2015-01-01

    The Navier-Stokes equation contains two terms which have been subjected to slight modification: (a) the viscosity term depends of time (the viscosity in average on time is zero, but its variance is nonzero); (b) the pressure gradient contains an added term describing the entropy gradient multiplied by the pressure. Owing to these modifications, the Navier-Stokes equation can be reduced to the Schr\\"odinger equation describing behavior of a particle into the vacuum, where the vacuum is a superfluid medium. Vortex structures arising in this medium show infinitely long life owing to zero average viscosity. The nonzero variance describes exchange of the vortex energy with zero-point energy of the vacuum. Radius of the vortex trembles around some average value. This observation sheds the light to the Zitterbewegung phenomenon. The vortex has a non-zero core where the vortex velocity vanishes. Its organization is discussed with the point of view of the Calabi-Yau manifold.

  13. How to Fit simply Soil Mechanics Behaviour with Incremental Modelling and to Describe Drained Cyclic Behaviours

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Evesque

    2005-07-04

    It has been proposed recently a new incremental modelling to describe the mechanics of soil. It is based on two parameters called the pseudo Young modulus E=1/Co and the pseudo Poisson coefficient n, which both evolve during compression. Evolution of n is known since it shall fit the Rowe's law of dilatancy, but Co has to be evaluated from experiment. In this paper we proposed a way to evaluate the Co variation from other mechanical modelling. The way cyclic behaviour of drained sample can be modelled is also described.

  14. The way that information professionals describe their own discipline: a comparison of thesaurus descriptors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Huizhi "Elly"

    : a comparison of thesaurus descriptors. New Library World, 105(11), 429-435. A brief discussion of discipline information professionals and their professions are described in several of the thesauri that are the tools presently undertaking research into discipline formation in the information professions in order

  15. An Approach for Describing Heterogeneous Web Resources in a Unified Schema Ran Tang and Ying Zou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zou, Ying

    1 An Approach for Describing Heterogeneous Web Resources in a Unified Schema Ran Tang and Ying Zou.zou}@queensu.ca Abstract-- Web resources can be located and accessed through the Internet to provide information and functionalities to users. However, different types of web resources (e.g., Web Services, RESTful services

  16. Safe Handling of Cryogenic Liquids This document describes the principal hazards and appropriate safety procedures associated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    they can rapidly freeze human tissue and cause frostbite. Even a brief contact with a cryogenic liquid92 Safe Handling of Cryogenic Liquids This document describes the principal hazards and appropriate safety procedures associated with three cryogenic liquids that are commonly used in the College: liquid N

  17. METHODS OF VERIFICATION This thesis describes the development of problem-solving skills of two matched

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    CHAPTER 4 METHODS OF VERIFICATION This thesis describes the development of problem-solving skills cohort (EPS) were taught an explicit problem solving strategy while the students in the other cohort (TRD) were not. This description of the development of problem-solving skill was not a straight

  18. Abstract--This paper describes experimental results aiming at analyzing lithium-ion batteries performances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Abstract--This paper describes experimental results aiming at analyzing lithium-ion batteries (SOH) of cells. Index Terms--Lithium-ion batteries, Aging, EIS, State Of Charge, State Of Health, Fuzzy Logic System. I. INTRODUCTION Lithium ion secondary batteries are now being used in wide applications

  19. Seismic characterization of vertical fractures described as general linear-slip interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsvankin, Ilya

    Seismic characterization of vertical fractures described as general linear-slip interfaces Vladimir School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401-1887, USA (currently at Shell International Exploration and Production International Exploration and Production Inc., Bellaire Technology Center, 3737 Bellaire Blvd., Houston, TX

  20. On the use of proper orthogonal decomposition to describe inflow turbulence and wind turbine loads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel, Lance

    On the use of proper orthogonal decomposition to describe inflow turbulence and wind turbine loads, USA Keywords: Proper Orthogonal Decomposition, inflow turbulence, wind turbine ABSTRACT: We discuss experienced by a wind turbine. A methodology is proposed that employs low- dimensional POD models

  1. Nanotechnology has variously been described as a transformative technology, an enabling technology, and the next technological

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeck, Peter

    Nanotechnology has variously been described as a transformative technology, an enabling technology nanotechnology having a significant impact on society over the coming decades. However, enthusiasm over the rate. As nanotechnology moves toward widespread commercialization, not only is the debate over preventing adverse

  2. High Performance Computing (HPC) Survey 1. Choose the category that best describes you

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Stephen John

    High Performance Computing (HPC) Survey 1. Choose the category that best describes you Response on your (home or work) computer to access the High Performance Computing Facilities (HPC) - (tick all High Performance Computing (HPC) Facilities? Response Percent Response Count Daily 26.7% 23 Weekly 27

  3. Exact solution describing a shallow water flow in an extending stripe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergey V. Golovin

    2008-02-28

    Partially invariant solution to (2+1)D shallow water equation is constructed and investigated. The solution describes an extension of a stripe, bounded by linear source and drain of fluid. Realizations of smooth flow and of hydraulic jump are possible. Particle trajectories and sonic characteristics on the obtained solution are calculated.

  4. Music might be described as just a special form of noise, but evidence is accumulating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miall, Chris

    Music might be described as just a special form of noise, but evidence is accumulating to show et al. have shown that specific aspects of musical structure are processed automatically in the human brain, raising the question of whether our response to music has specifically evolved or merely occurs

  5. Bulk Electricity Generating Technologies This appendix describes the technical characteristics and cost and performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    financing assumptions are shown in Table I-1 for three types of possible project owners. Because the Council of the expected mix of project owners for each resource type. For example, trends suggest that most wind projects PRICES The price forecasts for coal, fuel oil and natural gas are described in Appendix B. COAL

  6. The completeness of taxonomic inventories for describing the global diversity and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Ransom A.

    The completeness of taxonomic inventories for describing the global diversity and distribution to the completeness of taxonomic inventories can have far-reaching consequences. Here, we used the largest publicly was used to calculate the completeness of the taxonomic inventory at each resolution. In terms

  7. Release 2.0.0 Beta 5 Self Describing Data Java Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of inductance loops that provide data for Independent Service Providers (ISP) and other centers. The operators the power of conventional data description languages, specifically a subset of SQL92, to describe the meta sources. When the event source produces an event, the callback methods in the registered classes

  8. The ChiCI Group This paper describes the work, the vision, and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    welcomes associate members from similar research groups around the globe. Eight of the full membersThe ChiCI Group Abstract This paper describes the work, the vision, and the approach of the Child Computer Interaction (ChiCI) group at the University of Central Lancashire in the UK. This group, formed

  9. Recent studies of feeding behaviour in anurans have described several different mechanisms of tongue protraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kier, William M.

    , and some alternative mechanism must be responsible (Fig. 1). On the basis of the kinematic analysis of preyRecent studies of feeding behaviour in anurans have described several different mechanisms) proposed that H. marmoratum uses a hydrostatic mechanism to protract its tongue. This hypothesis was based

  10. An Active Oscillator Model Describes the Statistics of Spontaneous Otoacoustic Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juelicher, Frank

    Article An Active Oscillator Model Describes the Statistics of Spontaneous Otoacoustic Emissions, sounds that are known as spontaneous otoacoustic emissions. They are a signature of the active amplification mechanism in the cochlea. Emissions occur at frequencies that are unique for an individual

  11. CROP SCIENCE, VOL. 52, MAYJUNE 2012 1209 Cereal cyst nematode (CCN) describes a group of closely

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappu, Hanu R.

    CROP SCIENCE, VOL. 52, MAY­JUNE 2012 1209 RESEARCH Cereal cyst nematode (CCN) describes a group, Institute of Crop Sciences, Shanxi Acad- emy of Agricultural Sciences, Taiyuan 030032, China; T.D. Murray:1209­1217 (2012). doi: 10.2135/cropsci2011.11.0591 © Crop Science Society of America | 5585 Guilford Rd., Madison

  12. Describing the Heat Transport of Turbulent Rayleigh--B\\'enard Convection by POD methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lülff, Johannes

    2015-01-01

    Rayleigh--B\\'enard convection, which is the buoyancy-induced motion of a fluid enclosed between two horizontal plates, is an idealised setup to study thermal convection. We analyse the modes that transport the most heat between the plates by computing the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) of numerical data. Instead of the usual POD ansatz of finding modes that describe the energy best, we propose a method that is optimal in describing the heat transport. Thereby, we can determine the modes with the major influence on the heat transport and the coherent structures in the convection cell. We also show that in lower-dimensional projections of numerical convection data, the newly developed modes perform consistently better than the standard modes. We then use this method to analyse the main modes of three-dimensional convection in a cylindrical vessel as well as two-dimensional convection with varying Rayleigh number and varying aspect ratio.

  13. Genetic resources for advanced biofuel production described with the Gene Ontology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torto-Alalibo, Trudy; Purwantini, Endang; Lomax, Jane; Setubal, Joao C.; Mukhopadhyay, Biswarup; Tyler, Brett M.

    2014-10-10

    Dramatic increases in research in the area of microbial biofuel production coupled with high-throughput data generation on bioenergy-related microbes has led to a deluge of information in the scientific literature and in databases. Consolidating this information and making it easily accessible requires a unified vocabulary.The Gene Ontology (GO) fulfills that requirement, as it is a well-developed structured vocabulary that describes the activities and locations of gene products in a consistent manner across all kingdoms of life. The Microbial ENergy processes Gene Ontology (http://www.mengo.biochem.vt.edu) project is extending the GO to include new terms to describe microbial processes of interest to bioenergy production. Our effort has added over 600 bioenergy related terms to the Gene Ontology. These terms will aid in the comprehensive annotation of gene products from diverse energy-related microbial genomes. An area of microbial energy research that has received a lot of attention is microbial production of advanced biofuels. These include alcohols such as butanol, isopropanol, isobutanol, and fuels derived from fatty acids, isoprenoids, and polyhydroxyalkanoates. These fuels are superior to first generation biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel esterified from vegetable oil or animal fat), can be generated from non-food feedstock sources, can be used as supplements or substitutes for gasoline, diesel and jet fuels, and can be stored and distributed using existing infrastructure. We review the roles of genes associated with synthesis of advanced biofuels, and at the same time introduce the use of the GO to describe the functions of these genes in a standardized way.

  14. Genetic resources for advanced biofuel production described with the Gene Ontology

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Torto-Alalibo, Trudy; Purwantini, Endang; Lomax, Jane; Setubal, Joao C.; Mukhopadhyay, Biswarup; Tyler, Brett M.

    2014-10-10

    Dramatic increases in research in the area of microbial biofuel production coupled with high-throughput data generation on bioenergy-related microbes has led to a deluge of information in the scientific literature and in databases. Consolidating this information and making it easily accessible requires a unified vocabulary.The Gene Ontology (GO) fulfills that requirement, as it is a well-developed structured vocabulary that describes the activities and locations of gene products in a consistent manner across all kingdoms of life. The Microbial ENergy processes Gene Ontology (http://www.mengo.biochem.vt.edu) project is extending the GO to include new terms to describe microbial processes of interest to bioenergymore »production. Our effort has added over 600 bioenergy related terms to the Gene Ontology. These terms will aid in the comprehensive annotation of gene products from diverse energy-related microbial genomes. An area of microbial energy research that has received a lot of attention is microbial production of advanced biofuels. These include alcohols such as butanol, isopropanol, isobutanol, and fuels derived from fatty acids, isoprenoids, and polyhydroxyalkanoates. These fuels are superior to first generation biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel esterified from vegetable oil or animal fat), can be generated from non-food feedstock sources, can be used as supplements or substitutes for gasoline, diesel and jet fuels, and can be stored and distributed using existing infrastructure. We review the roles of genes associated with synthesis of advanced biofuels, and at the same time introduce the use of the GO to describe the functions of these genes in a standardized way.« less

  15. Superconductors described with CSM.(a new paper, 2008-10-16)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian De Cao

    2008-10-16

    The properties of the known superconductors can be explained with the correlations dominated superconducting mechanism (CSM). The correlations have the spin correlation, the charge correlation and the spin-charge correlation, and their strengths can be described by the related correlation lengths in their correlation functions. Our evaluation from many superconductors is that superconductivities occur if both the spin correlation and the charge correlation are stronger, and the calculation of a Hubbard model showed that the spin-charge correlation may govern superconductivities1. Afterwards, this mechanism has led a model which includes various superconductivities and magnetisms, and the relation between superconductivities and magnetisms can be understood on this model2 (these results have been shown by calculations). This mechanism is very practical, for example, to turn a material into a superconductor or increase the Tc of a superconductor, what we will do is to increase the spin-charge correlation. In this letter, we first describe the relations between the spin-charge correlation, the spin correlation and the charge correlation, take these relations as the basis of constructing a new phase diagram, and then classify the known superconductors into various sections in this phase diagram. This letter also gives a new explanation about the pressure effect on Tc, the isotope effect on Tc and the pairing symmetry with the CSM.

  16. Quantitative law describing market dynamics before and after interest-rate change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petersen, Alexander M.; Wang Fengzhong; Stanley, H. Eugene; Havlin, Shlomo

    2010-06-15

    We study the behavior of U.S. markets both before and after U.S. Federal Open Market Commission meetings and show that the announcement of a U.S. Federal Reserve rate change causes a financial shock, where the dynamics after the announcement is described by an analog of the Omori earthquake law. We quantify the rate n(t) of aftershocks following an interest-rate change at time T and find power-law decay which scales as n(t-T)approx(t-T){sup -O}MEGA, with OMEGA positive. Surprisingly, we find that the same law describes the rate n{sup '}(|t-T|) of 'preshocks' before the interest-rate change at time T. This study quantitatively relates the size of the market response to the news which caused the shock and uncovers the presence of quantifiable preshocks. We demonstrate that the news associated with interest-rate change is responsible for causing both the anticipation before the announcement and the surprise after the announcement. We estimate the magnitude of financial news using the relative difference between the U.S. Treasury Bill and the Federal Funds effective rate. Our results are consistent with the 'sign effect', in which 'bad news' has a larger impact than 'good news'. Furthermore, we observe significant volatility aftershocks, confirming a 'market under-reaction' that lasts at least one trading day.

  17. Distribution coefficient values describing iodine, neptunium, selenium, technetium, and uranium sorption to Hanford sediments. Supplement 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaplan, D.I.; Seme, R.J.

    1995-03-01

    Burial of vitrified low-level waste (LLW) in the vadose zone of the Hanford Site is being considered as a long-term disposal option. Regulations dealing with LLW disposal require that performance assessment (PA) analyses be conducted. Preliminary modeling efforts for the Hanford Site LLW PA were conducted to evaluate the potential health risk of a number of radionuclides, including Ac, Am, C, Ce, Cm, Co, Cs, Eu, 1, Nb, Ni, Np, Pa, Pb, Pu, Ra, Ru, Se, Sn, Sr, Tc, Th, U, and Zr (Piepho et al. 1994). The radionuclides, {sup 129}I, {sup 237}Np, {sup 79}Se, {sup 99}Tc, and {sup 234,235,238}U, were identified as posing the greatest potential health hazard. It was also determined that the outcome of these simulations were very sensitive to the parameter describing the extent to which radionuclides sorbed to the subsurface matrix, described as a distribution coefficient (K{sub d}). The distribution coefficient is a ratio of the radionuclide concentration associated with the solid phase to that in the liquid phase. The literature-derived K{sub d} values used in these simulations were conservative, i.e., lowest values within the range of reasonable values used to provide an estimate of the maximum health threat. Thus, these preliminary modeling results reflect a conservative estimate rather than a best estimate of what is likely to occur. The potential problem with providing only a conservative estimate is that it may mislead us into directing resources to resolve nonexisting problems.

  18. Experimental verification of a model describing the intensity distribution from a single mode optical fiber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moro, Erik A; Puckett, Anthony D; Todd, Michael D

    2011-01-24

    The intensity distribution of a transmission from a single mode optical fiber is often approximated using a Gaussian-shaped curve. While this approximation is useful for some applications such as fiber alignment, it does not accurately describe transmission behavior off the axis of propagation. In this paper, another model is presented, which describes the intensity distribution of the transmission from a single mode optical fiber. A simple experimental setup is used to verify the model's accuracy, and agreement between model and experiment is established both on and off the axis of propagation. Displacement sensor designs based on the extrinsic optical lever architecture are presented. The behavior of the transmission off the axis of propagation dictates the performance of sensor architectures where large lateral offsets (25-1500 {micro}m) exist between transmitting and receiving fibers. The practical implications of modeling accuracy over this lateral offset region are discussed as they relate to the development of high-performance intensity modulated optical displacement sensors. In particular, the sensitivity, linearity, resolution, and displacement range of a sensor are functions of the relative positioning of the sensor's transmitting and receiving fibers. Sensor architectures with high combinations of sensitivity and displacement range are discussed. It is concluded that the utility of the accurate model is in its predicative capability and that this research could lead to an improved methodology for high-performance sensor design.

  19. Reconciling taxonomy and phylogenetic inference: formalism and algorithms for describing discord and inferring taxonomic roots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsen, Frederick A

    2011-01-01

    Although taxonomy is often used informally to evaluate the results of phylogenetic inference and find the root of phylogenetic trees, algorithmic methods to do so are lacking. In this paper we formalize these procedures and develop algorithms to solve the relevant problems. In particular, we introduce a new algorithm that solves a "uncoloring" problem for expressing the difference between the taxonomy and phylogeny at a given rank. This algorithm improves upon the current best algorithm in terms of asymptotic complexity for the parameter regime of interest; we also describe a branch-and-bound algorithm that saves orders of magnitude in computation on real data sets. We also develop a formalism and an algorithm for rooting phylogenetic trees according to a taxonomy. All of these algorithms are implemented in freely-available software.

  20. Finite volume approach for the instationary Cosserat rod model describing the spinning of viscous jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter Arne; Nicole Marheineke; Andreas Meister; Raimund Wegener

    2012-07-03

    The spinning of slender viscous jets can be described asymptotically by one-dimensional models that consist of systems of partial and ordinary differential equations. Whereas the well-established string models possess only solutions for certain choices of parameters and set-ups, the more sophisticated rod model that can be considered as $\\epsilon$-regularized string is generally applicable. But containing the slenderness ratio $\\epsilon$ explicitely in the equations complicates the numerical treatment. In this paper we present the first instationary simulations of a rod in a rotational spinning process for arbitrary parameter ranges with free and fixed jet end, for which the hitherto investigations longed. So we close an existing gap in literature. The numerics is based on a finite volume approach with mixed central, up- and down-winded differences, the time integration is performed by stiff accurate Radau methods.

  1. Modeling Distributed Electricity Generation in the NEMS Buildings Models

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the modeling methodology, projected market penetration, and impact of distributed generation with respect to offsetting future electricity needs and carbon dioxide emissions in the residential and commercial buildings sector in the Annual Energy Outlook 2000 (AEO2000) reference case.

  2. Frequency stabilization in nonlinear MEMS and NEMS oscillators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lopez, Omar Daniel; Antonio, Dario

    2014-09-16

    An illustrative system includes an amplifier operably connected to a phase shifter. The amplifier is configured to amplify a voltage from an oscillator. The phase shifter is operably connected to a driving amplitude control, wherein the phase shifter is configured to phase shift the amplified voltage and is configured to set an amplitude of the phase shifted voltage. The oscillator is operably connected to the driving amplitude control. The phase shifted voltage drives the oscillator. The oscillator is at an internal resonance condition, based at least on the amplitude of the phase shifted voltage, that stabilizes frequency oscillations in the oscillator.

  3. National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI Ventures Ltd Jump to: navigation,Naples,Development and

  4. NEMS Freight Transportation Module Improvement Study - Energy Information

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014ProvedYear Jan Feb Mar AprCubic

  5. Appendix C: Map of NEMS Electricity Market Module Regions

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade2,948 2,724 2,570Month PreviousDry4,645 8244420 U.S.

  6. Energy Information Administration NEMS Macroeconomic Activity Module Documentation Report

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun2003 Detailed Tablesof1998 and 2002

  7. Energy Information Administration NEMS Petroleum Market Model Documentation

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun2003 Detailed Tablesof1998 and 20027)

  8. Frequency Stabilization in Nonlinear MEMS and NEMS Oscillators | Argonne

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article)Forthcoming Upgrades toFreezing a Droplet to Stop-

  9. Analysis and Representation of Miscellaneous Electric Loads in NEMS -

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1 Table 1.10 CoolingNotesShaleOil andEnergy Information

  10. Exact solution for the Green's function describing time-dependent thermal Comptonization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter A. Becker

    2003-03-28

    We obtain an exact, closed-form expression for the time-dependent Green's function solution to the Kompaneets equation. The result, which is expressed as the integral of a product of two Whittaker functions, describes the evolution in energy space of a photon distribution that is initially monoenergetic. Effects of spatial transport within a homogeneous scattering cloud are also included within the formalism. The Kompaneets equation that we solve includes both the recoil and energy diffusion terms, and therefore our solution for the Green's function approaches the Wien spectrum at large times. We show that the Green's function can be used to generate all of the previously known steady-state and time-dependent solutions to the Kompaneets equation. The new solution allows the direct determination of the spectrum, without the need to numerically solve the partial differential equation. Based upon the Green's function, we obtain a new time-dependent solution for the photon distribution resulting from the reprocessing of an optically thin bremsstrahlung initial spectrum with a low-energy cutoff. The new bremsstrahlung solution possesses a finite photon number density, and therefore it displays proper equilibration to a Wien spectrum at large times. The relevance of our results for the interpretation of emission from variable X-ray sources is discussed, with particular attention to the production of hard X-ray time lags, and the Compton broadening of narrow features such as iron lines.

  11. A flowing plasma model to describe drift waves in a cylindrical helicon discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, L.; Hole, M. J.; Corr, C. S.

    2011-04-15

    A two-fluid model developed originally to describe wave oscillations in the vacuum arc centrifuge, a cylindrical, rapidly rotating, low temperature, and confined plasma column, is applied to interpret plasma oscillations in a RF generated linear magnetized plasma [WOMBAT (waves on magnetized beams and turbulence)], with similar density and field strength. Compared to typical centrifuge plasmas, WOMBAT plasmas have slower normalized rotation frequency, lower temperature, and lower axial velocity. Despite these differences, the two-fluid model provides a consistent description of the WOMBAT plasma configuration and yields qualitative agreement between measured and predicted wave oscillation frequencies with axial field strength. In addition, the radial profile of the density perturbation predicted by this model is consistent with the data. Parameter scans show that the dispersion curve is sensitive to the axial field strength and the electron temperature, and the dependence of oscillation frequency with electron temperature matches the experiment. These results consolidate earlier claims that the density and floating potential oscillations are a resistive drift mode, driven by the density gradient. To our knowledge, this is the first detailed physics model of flowing plasmas in the diffusion region away from the RF source. Possible extensions to the model, including temperature nonuniformity and magnetic field oscillations, are also discussed.

  12. Development of a Composite Non-Electrostatic Surface Complexation Model Describing Plutonium Sorption to Aluminosilicates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Powell, B A; Kersting, A; Zavarin, M; Zhao, P

    2008-10-28

    Due to their ubiquity in nature and chemical reactivity, aluminosilicate minerals play an important role in retarding actinide subsurface migration. However, very few studies have examined Pu interaction with clay minerals in sufficient detail to produce a credible mechanistic model of its behavior. In this work, Pu(IV) and Pu(V) interactions with silica, gibbsite (Aloxide), and Na-montmorillonite (smectite clay) were examined as a function of time and pH. Sorption of Pu(IV) and Pu(V) to gibbsite and silica increased with pH (4 to 10). The Pu(V) sorption edge shifted to lower pH values over time and approached that of Pu(IV). This behavior is apparently due to surface mediated reduction of Pu(V) to Pu(IV). Surface complexation constants describing Pu(IV)/Pu(V) sorption to aluminol and silanol groups were developed from the silica and gibbsite sorption experiments and applied to the montmorillonite dataset. The model provided an acceptable fit to the montmorillonite sorption data for Pu(V). In order to accurately predict Pu(IV) sorption to montmorillonite, the model required inclusion of ion exchange. The objective of this work is to measure the sorption of Pu(IV) and Pu(V) to silica, gibbsite, and smectite (montmorillonite). Aluminosilicate minerals are ubiquitous at the Nevada National Security Site and improving our understanding of Pu sorption to aluminosilicates (smectite clays in particular) is essential to the accurate prediction of Pu transport rates. These data will improve the mechanistic approach for modeling the hydrologic source term (HST) and provide sorption Kd parameters for use in CAU models. In both alluvium and tuff, aluminosilicates have been found to play a dominant role in the radionuclide retardation because their abundance is typically more than an order of magnitude greater than other potential sorbing minerals such as iron and manganese oxides (e.g. Vaniman et al., 1996). The sorption database used in recent HST models (Carle et al., 2006) and upscaled for use in CAU models (Stoller-Navarro, 2008) includes surface complexation constants for U, Am, Eu, Np and Pu (Zavarin and Bruton, 2004). Generally, between 15 to 30 datasets were used to develop the constants for each radionuclide. However, the constants that describe Pu sorption to aluminosilicates were developed using only 10 datasets, most of which did not specify the oxidation state of Pu in the experiment. Without knowledge or control of the Pu oxidation state, a high degree of uncertainty is introduced into the model. The existing Pu surface complexation model (e.g. Zavarin and Bruton, 2004) drastically underestimates Pu sorption and, thus, will overestimate Pu migration rates (Turner, 1995). Recent HST simulations at Cambric (Carle et al., 2006) suggest that the existing surface complexation model may underpredict Pu K{sub d}s by as much as 3 orders of magnitude. In order to improve HST and CAU-scale transport models (and, as a result, reduce the conservative nature Pu migration estimates), sorption experiments were performed over a range of solution conditions that brackets the groundwater chemistry of the Nevada National Security Site. The aluminosilicates examined were gibbsite, silica, and montmorillonite.

  13. Describing excited state relaxation and localization in TiO2 nanoparticles using TD-DFT

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Berardo, Enrico; Hu, Han -Shi; van Dam, Hubertus J. J.; Shevlin, Stephen A.; Woodley, Scott M.; Kowalski, Karol; Zwijnenburg, Martijn A.

    2014-02-26

    We have investigated the description of excited state relaxation in naked and hydrated TiO2 nanoparticles using Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TD-DFT) with three common hybrid exchange-correlation (XC) potentials; B3LYP, CAM-B3LYP and BHLYP. Use of TD-CAM-B3LYP and TD-BHLYP yields qualitatively similar results for all structures, which are also consistent with predictions of coupled cluster theory for small particles. TD-B3LYP, in contrast, is found to make rather different predictions; including apparent conical intersections for certain particles that are not observed with TD-CAM-B3LYP nor with TD-BHLYP. In line with our previous observations for vertical excitations, the issue with TD-B3LYP appears to be themore »inherent tendency of TD-B3LYP, and other XC potentials with no or a low percentage of Hartree-Fock Like Exchange, to spuriously stabilize the energy of charge-transfer (CT) states. Even in the case of hydrated particles, for which vertical excitations are generally well described with all XC potentials, the use of TD-B3LYP appears to result in CT-problems for certain particles. We hypothesize that the spurious stabilization of CT-states by TD-B3LYP even may drive the excited state optimizations to different excited state geometries than those obtained using TD-CAM-B3LYP or TD-BHLYP. In conclusion, focusing on the TD-CAM-B3LYP and TD-BHLYP results, excited state relaxation in naked and hydrated TiO2 nanoparticles is predicted to be associated with a large Stokes’ shift.« less

  14. A technical framework to describe occupant behavior for building energy simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turner , William; Hong , Tianzhen

    2013-12-20

    Green buildings that fail to meet expected design performance criteria indicate that technology alone does not guarantee high performance. Human influences are quite often simplified and ignored in the design, construction, and operation of buildings. Energy-conscious human behavior has been demonstrated to be a significant positive factor for improving the indoor environment while reducing the energy use of buildings. In our study we developed a new technical framework to describe energy-related human behavior in buildings. The energy-related behavior includes accounting for individuals and groups of occupants and their interactions with building energy services systems, appliances and facilities. The technical framework consists of four key components: i. the drivers behind energy-related occupant behavior, which are biological, societal, environmental, physical, and economical in nature ii. the needs of the occupants are based on satisfying criteria that are either physical (e.g. thermal, visual and acoustic comfort) or non-physical (e.g. entertainment, privacy, and social reward) iii. the actions that building occupants perform when their needs are not fulfilled iv. the systems with which an occupant can interact to satisfy their needs The technical framework aims to provide a standardized description of a complete set of human energy-related behaviors in the form of an XML schema. For each type of behavior (e.g., occupants opening/closing windows, switching on/off lights etc.) we identify a set of common behaviors based on a literature review, survey data, and our own field study and analysis. Stochastic models are adopted or developed for each type of behavior to enable the evaluation of the impact of human behavior on energy use in buildings, during either the design or operation phase. We will also demonstrate the use of the technical framework in assessing the impact of occupancy behavior on energy saving technologies. The technical framework presented is part of our human behavior research, a 5-year program under the U.S. - China Clean Energy Research Center for Building Energy Efficiency.

  15. Examining the consistency relations describing the three-point functions involving tensors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sreenath, V.; Sriramkumar, L., E-mail: sreenath@physics.iitm.ac.in, E-mail: sriram@physics.iitm.ac.in [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai 600036 (India)

    2014-10-01

    It is well known that the non-Gaussianity parameter f{sub NL} characterizing the scalar bi-spectrum can be expressed in terms of the scalar spectral index in the squeezed limit, a property that is referred to as the consistency relation. In contrast to the scalar bi-spectrum, the three-point cross-correlations involving scalars and tensors and the tensor bi-spectrum have not received adequate attention, which can be largely attributed to the fact that the tensors had remained undetected at the level of the power spectrum until very recently. The detection of the imprints of the primordial tensor perturbations by BICEP2 and its indication of a rather high tensor-to-scalar ratio, if confirmed, can open up a new window for understanding the tensor perturbations, not only at the level of the power spectrum, but also in the realm of non-Gaussianities. In this work, we consider the consistency relations associated with the three-point cross-correlations involving scalars and tensors as well as the tensor bi-spectrum in inflationary models driven by a single, canonical, scalar field. Characterizing the cross-correlations in terms of the dimensionless non-Gaussianity parameters C{sub NL}{sup R} and C{sub NL}{sup ?} that we had introduced earlier, we express the consistency relations governing the cross-correlations as relations between these non-Gaussianity parameters and the scalar or tensor spectral indices, in a fashion similar to that of the purely scalar case. We also discuss the corresponding relation for the non-Gaussianity parameter h{sub NL} used to describe the tensor bi-spectrum. We analytically establish these consistency relations explicitly in the following two situations: a simple example involving a specific case of power law inflation and a non-trivial scenario in the so-called Starobinsky model that is governed by a linear potential with a sharp change in its slope. We also numerically verify the consistency relations in three types of inflationary models that permit deviations from slow roll and lead to scalar power spectra with features which typically result in an improved fit to the data than the more conventional, nearly scale invariant, spectra. We close with a summary of the results we have obtained.

  16. 5. Problem-Solving Labs This chapter contains some materials that describe our cooperative-group problem solving labs. This

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Page 117 5. Problem-Solving Labs This chapter contains some materials that describe our cooperative-group problem solving labs. This material is described below. Page Frequently Asked Questions About Our Problem-solving compares our problem-solving labs with traditional verification labs and inquiry labs. 125 General Lesson

  17. This paper describes non-ideal properties of batteries and how these properties may impact power-performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Tom

    Abstract This paper describes non-ideal properties of batteries and how these properties may impact the characteristics of an ideal battery and how these characteristics are used in sizing batteries and estimating are described. The paper then covers results from a first-prin- ciples, variable-load battery model, showing

  18. Entropy production in irreversible systems described by a Fokker-Planck equation Tnia Tom and Mrio J. de Oliveira

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Oliveira, Mário José

    Entropy production in irreversible systems described by a Fokker-Planck equation Tânia Tomé and the entropy production in nonequilibrium interacting particle systems described by a Fokker-Planck equation for the entropy production is deduced from a general definition, which is related to the probability

  19. describe.scm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ( " Timing and accuracy results are available for the multigrid code applied to problems of varying difficulty in the file " ( href: (software-dir "mg-results") ...

  20. Speed tuning of direction repulsion describes an inverted U-function William Curran a,*, Christopher P. Benton b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curran, William

    Speed tuning of direction repulsion describes an inverted U-function William Curran a (Braddick, Wishart, & Curran, 2002; Dakin & Mareschal, 2000). The effect is not restricted to superimposed. * Corresponding author. E-mail address: w.curran@q

  1. Nonholonomic constrains: why does not the least action principle leads to equations describing the motion consistent with the physical behaviour?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umberto Lucia

    2011-02-14

    The least action principle seems not to lead to equations describing the motion consistent with the physical behavior for nonholonomic constrains. Here an answer to this question in proposed.

  2. Abstract--A measurement calibration method is described in this paper. The proposed method identifies calibration models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in state estima- tion. Measurement calibration at the substation is a labor intensive and costly process that is described in [2]-[3] is executed at individual substations by taking advantage of the redundancy provided

  3. Name___________________________________________________________________________________ Subject Categories The dissertation database is arranged by subject categories. Please select the one subject which most nearly describes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Name___________________________________________________________________________________ Subject Categories The dissertation database is arranged by subject categories. Please select the one subject which most nearly describes the content of your dissertation. If you need assistance choosing a subject code

  4. Abstract --We describe a web-based Educational MarketPlace that matches student requests to available and appropriate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    are implemented to manage the resources and interaction. We describe an Educational MarketPlace, or a system of tools, which match student queries to available and appropriate educational resources. Development techniques to facilitate access to large-scale educational repositories; 2) resource acquisition and data

  5. Abstract--We describe an inexpensive in-home monitoring system designed to assist patients with traumatic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Abstract-- We describe an inexpensive in-home monitoring system designed to assist patients wireless sensors, including motion, pressure, door, flow, accelerometer, magnetometer, temperature, light daily activities in a home setting. In particular, the system is intended to help such patients plan

  6. Spatial Data Structures Spatial data structures describe the rules that are used to represent geographic data in geographic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    Spatial Data Structures Spatial data structures describe the rules that are used to represent are represented in a database management system (for example, as database tables). · Spatial data structures. Spatial data structures are the core of a GIS and fundamentally affect its performance and capabilities

  7. Simulation Results Having described LMS in the previous chapter, we now proceed to evaluate the performance of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadopoulos, Christos

    94 Chapter 5 Simulation Results Having described LMS in the previous chapter, we now proceed to evaluate the performance of LMS and compare it with two other reliable multicast schemes, namely SRM [17 the performance of LMS and PGM with SRM. Such a comparison would be unfair. Rather we use our simulations

  8. Direct nucleonemission from hot and dense regions described in the hydrodynamical model of relativistic heavy ion collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barz, H.W.; Csernai, L.P.; Greiner, W.

    1982-08-01

    The collision process is described by hydrodynamical equations. The escape of nucleons which do not take part in the thermal equilibrium are considered by including drain terms in these equations. The energy spectra of the escaped nucleons and of nucleons evaporated after the break up of the fluid are compared.

  9. Portfolio Analysis & Recommended Plan Chapter 6 described how the Plan addresses cost and risk, and introduces the ideas of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portfolio Analysis & Recommended Plan Chapter 6 described how the Plan addresses cost and risk for thinking about risk management. For a simple financial instrument, such as an insurance policy, they might impacts, and risks associated with the feasibility of developing the technologies in sufficient quantity

  10. Wholesale Electricity Price Forecast This appendix describes the wholesale electricity price forecast of the Fifth Northwest Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the electricity price forecast. This resource mix is used to forecast the fuel consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2Wholesale Electricity Price Forecast This appendix describes the wholesale electricity price forecast of the Fifth Northwest Power Plan. This forecast is an estimate of the future price of electricity

  11. Abstract--A mesochronous pipeline scheme is described in this paper. In a conventional pipeline scheme each pipeline stage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delgado-Frias, José G.

    Abstract-- A mesochronous pipeline scheme is described in this paper. In a conventional pipeline scheme each pipeline stage operates on only one data set at a time. In the mesochronous scheme, pipeline stages operate on multiple data sets simultaneously. The clock period in conventional pipeline scheme

  12. DESCRIPTION OF CYCLES Both a simple cycle and a regenerative cycle were examined; these are described in Fig 1.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    saturation vapor pressure and (3) expansion at T2 from saturated vapor pressure to the final vapor pressure was assumed: (1) compression of the-water vapor at T1 from the actual partial pressure to saturation pressure; these are described in Fig 1. Both are high-pressure cycles; that is, compression precedes heat rejection

  13. Propagation of Blood Clotting in the Complex Biochemical Network of Hemostasis Is Described by a Simple Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    by a Simple Mechanism Matthew K. Runyon, Bethany L. Johnson-Kerner, Christian J. Kastrup, Thuong G. Van Ha-mail: r-ismagilov@uchicago.edu This paper describes a possible mechanism responsible for regulating, to significant clinical sequelae such as heart attacks and strokes. Though investigations of the mechanisms

  14. 6. Acoustic cues to word length in recurrent Simulations described in Chapter 3 demonstrated that a recurrent network trained to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Matt

    151 6. Acoustic cues to word length in recurrent networks Simulations described in Chapter 3 demonstrated that a recurrent network trained to activate a representation of all the words in a sequence provides an account of the delayed recognition of onset-embedded words. Following training, the network

  15. 6. Hood River Subbasin Management Plan This Chapter presents a vision that describes goals or desired future conditions for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    175 6. Hood River Subbasin Management Plan This Chapter presents a vision that describes goals for this Management Plan is 10-15 years. The Ecosystem Diagnosis and Treatment (EDT) model was used in the Hood River sediment load. The model also found fish passage, juvenile entrainment and flow effects at Powerdale Dam

  16. Supplementary Table In experiment 2, 17 subjects described their percepts immediately after a tone sounded at the end

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Christof

    Supplementary Table In experiment 2, 17 subjects described their percepts immediately after a tone trial and to the right in the other. Subjects did not know there would be Gabor patches on both sides during the adaptation. Verbal reports of two trials by 16 naive subjects (32 trials total) were

  17. Abstract --We describe a MEMS-on-CMOS microsystem to encage, culture, and monitor cells. The system was designed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    Abstract -- We describe a MEMS-on-CMOS microsystem to encage, culture, and monitor cells. A MEMS process flow was developed for the fabrication of closeable micro-vials to contain each cell, a custom bio-amplifier CMOS chip was designed, fabricated, and tested, and the fabrication of the MEMS

  18. 5 Management Plan The management plan described in this section is a culmination of extraordinary efforts by the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    290 5 Management Plan The management plan described in this section is a culmination and synthesis into the final construct. As a result, this management plan depends upon an assimilation work together to "derive" and establish the key elements of the Management Plan. Assessment

  19. Data Management Policy The guidelines below describe Data Management procedures, processes and resources that need to be understood by both

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Data Management Policy The guidelines below describe Data Management procedures, processes and resources that need to be understood by both user projects and in-house research. 1. Limited data management at CNMS to meet funding agency requirements for a Data Management Plan. 3. The standard User Agreement

  20. There was no single characteristic fish assemblage that could be described for the oil platforms and natural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Love, Milton

    .) fish assemblages residing on oil/gas production platforms and natural outcrops, and (2) describe platforms and natural outcrops of central and southern California. However, we identified a number partitioning in species composition, where northerly platforms show the influence of the Oregonian province

  1. This is the documentation for the genetic algorithm program, as described in chapter Program MAP_GENETIC_ALGORITHM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    non-linear. Genetic algorithms (GAs) is one possible method of solving such a problem. Goldberg described these algorithms as "search procedures based on the mechanics of natural selection and natural the yield strength of austenitic stainless steels as a function of composition (wt%), temperature (K

  2. Abstract--We describe an approach to using standard data mining algorithms to help analyse recurring themes in game

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    Abstract-- We describe an approach to using standard data mining algorithms to help analyse recurring themes in game design across several games, and to help suggest novel game design ideas mining have been used to identify archetypes and recurring themes. The results of the qualitative

  3. Appendix: Equations and Parameters This section describes BCS and FCS equations that incorporate the enhancements and revisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossberg, Stephen

    Appendix: Equations and Parameters This section describes BCS and FCS equations that incorporate data: Only a single scale is used, and hypercomplex and bipole cells in the BCS and monocular filling Simple Cells of the BCS Even­symmetric and odd­symmetric simple cell receptive fields centered

  4. Appendix: Equations and Parameters This section describes BCS and FCS equations that incorporate the enhancements and revisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossberg, Stephen

    Appendix: Equations and Parameters This section describes BCS and FCS equations that incorporate: Only a single scale is used, and hypercomplex and bipole cells in the BCS and monocular lling. This assures a positive response to ganzfelds. A2 Simple Cells of the BCS Even-symmetric and odd

  5. Abstract--A hybrid wave-pipeline multiplier architecture is described in this paper. Mathematical analysis is provided to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delgado-Frias, José G.

    Abstract-- A hybrid wave-pipeline multiplier architecture is described in this paper. Mathematical analysis is provided to show the performance gains possible with hybrid wave-pipeline over conventional pipeline architectures. The clock period in conventional pipeline scheme is proportional to the maximum

  6. The Polyakov, Nambu and Jona-Lasinio model and its applications to describe the sub-nuclear particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanquier, Eric

    2015-01-01

    To study the high energy nuclear physics and the associated phenomenon, as the QGP/hadronic matter phase transition, the Nambu and Jona-Lasinio model (NJL) appears as an interesting alternative to the Quantum Chromodynamics, which is not solvable at the considered energies. Indeed, the NJL model allows describing the quarks physics, at finite temperatures and finite densities. Furthermore, in order to try to correct a limitation of the NJL model, i.e. the absence of confinement, it was proposed to couple the quarks/antiquarks to a Polyakov loop: it forms the PNJL model. The objective of this thesis is to see the possibilities offered by the NJL and PNJL models, to describe the relevant sub-nuclear particles (quarks, mesons, diquarks and baryons), to study their interactions, and to proceed to a dynamical study involving these particles.

  7. Radio-wave propagation through a medium containing electron-density fluctuations described by an anisotropic Goldreich-Sridhar spectrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. D. G. Chandran; D. C. Backer

    2002-02-13

    We study the propagation of radio waves through a medium possessing density fluctuations that are elongated along the ambient magnetic field and described by an anisotropic Goldreich-Sridhar power spectrum. We derive general formulas for the wave phase structure function, visibility, angular broadening, diffraction-pattern length scales, and scintillation time scale for arbitrary distributions of turbulence along the line of sight, and specialize these formulas to idealized cases.

  8. Elliptic and hyperelliptic functions describing the particle motion beneath small-amplitude water waves with constant vorticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delia Ionescu-Kruse

    2011-08-24

    We provide analytic solutions of the nonlinear differential equation system describing the particle paths below small-amplitude periodic gravity waves travelling on a constant vorticity current. We show that these paths are not closed curves. Some solutions can be expressed in terms of Jacobi elliptic functions, others in terms of hyperelliptic functions. We obtain new kinds of particle paths. We make some remarks on the stagnation points which could appear in the fluid due to the vorticity.

  9. Merging the CEM2K and LAQGSM Codes with GEM2 to Describe Fission and Light-fragment Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stepan G. Mashnik; Konstantin K. Gudima; Arnold J. Sierk

    2003-04-03

    We present the current status of the improved Cascade-Exciton Model (CEM) code CEM2k and of the Los Alamos version of the Quark-Gluon String Model code LAQGSM. To describe fission and light-fragment (heavier than He4) production, both CEM2k and LAQGSM have been merged with the GEM2 code of Furihata. We present some results on proton- and deuteron-induced spallation, fission, and fragmentation reactions predicted by these extended versions of CEM2k and LAQGSM. We show that merging CEM2k and LAQGSM with GEM2 allows us to describe many fission and fragmentation reactions in addition to the spallation reactions which are already relatively well described. Nevertheless, the standard version of GEM2 does not provide a completely satisfactory description of complex particle spectra, heavy-fragment emission, and spallation yields, and is not yet a reliable tool for applications. We conclude that we may choose to use a model similar to the GEM2 approach in our codes, but it must be significantly extended and further improved. We observe that it is not sufficient to analyze only A and Z distributions of the product yields when evaluating this type of model, as is often done in the literature; instead it is important to study all the separate isotopic yields as well as the spectra of light particles and fragments.

  10. Quiz 2 1. Briefly define each of the following terms. a) Contract of ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    User

    2008-12-09

    a) Contract of indemnity. An insurance policy in which the amount paid out depends on the amount of the loss. An automotive collision policy is an example.

  11. Book Reviews BrieflyNoted indexed under "Pr~iferenzsemantik," the other under

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    there is at least a passing mention of the problem (p. 270) in Lenders's introduction to the sections on processing

  12. A hyperbolic problem with non-local constraint describing ion-rearrangement in a model for ion-lithium batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Scrobogna; Juan J. L. Velázquez

    2015-02-20

    In this paper we study the Fokker-Plank equation arising in a model which describes the charge and discharge process of ion-lithium batteries. In particular we focus our attention on slow reaction regimes with non-negligible entropic effects, which triggers the mass-splitting transition. At first we prove that the problem is globally well-posed. After that we prove a stability result under some hypothesis of improved regularity and a uniqueness result for the stability under some additional condition of

  13. Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program Technical Basis Guide Describing How to Perform Safety Margin Configuration Risk Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtis Smith; James Knudsen; Bentley Harwood

    2013-08-01

    The INL has carried out a demonstration of the RISMC approach for the purpose of configuration risk management. We have shown how improved accuracy and realism can be achieved by simulating changes in risk – as a function of different configurations – in order to determine safety margins as the plant is modified. We described the various technical issues that play a role in these configuration-based calculations with the intent that future applications can take advantage of the analysis benefits while avoiding some of the technical pitfalls that are found for these types of calculations. Specific recommendations have been provided on a variety of topics aimed at improving the safety margin analysis and strengthening the technical basis behind the analysis process.

  14. Annual energy outlook 1994: With projections to 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The Annual Energy Outlook 1994 (AEO94) presents the midterm energy forecasts of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). This year`s report presents projects and analyses of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2010, based for the first time on results from the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). NEMS is the latest in a series of computer-based energy modeling systems used over the past 2 decades by EIA and its predecessor organization, the Federal Energy Administration, to analyze and forecast energy consumption and supply in the midterm period (about 20 years). Quarterly forecasts of energy supply and demand for 1994 and 1995 are published in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (February 1994). Forecast tables for 2000, 2005, and 2010 for each of the five scenarios examined in the AEO94 are provided in Appendices A through E. The five scenarios include a reference case and four additional cases that assume higher and lower economic growth and higher and lower world oil prices. Appendix F provides detailed comparisons of the AEO94 forecasts with those of other organizations. Appendix G briefly described the NEMS and the major AEO94 forecast assumptions. Appendix H summarizes the key results for the five scenarios.

  15. Annual energy outlook 1997 with projections to 2015

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-12-01

    The Annual Energy Outlook 1997 (AEO97) presents midterm forecasts of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2015 prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). These projections are based on results of EIA`s National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). This report begins with a summary of the reference case, followed by a discussion of the legislative assumptions and evolving legislative and regulatory issues. ``Issues in Focus`` discusses emerging energy issues and other topics of particular interest. It is followed by the analysis of energy market trends. The analysis in AEO97 focuses primarily on a reference case and four other cases that assume higher and lower economic growth and higher and lower world oil prices than in the reference case. Forecast tables for these cases are provided in Appendixes A through C. Appendixes D and E present summaries of the reference case forecasts in units of oil equivalence and household energy expenditures. Twenty-three other cases explore the impacts of varying key assumptions in NEMS--generally, technology penetration, with the major results shown in Appendix F. Appendix G briefly describes NEMS and the major AEO97 assumptions, with a summary table. 114 figs., 22 tabs.

  16. Annual energy outlook 2005 with projections to 2025

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2005-02-01

    The Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO2005) presents midterm forecasts of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2025 prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The projections are based on results from EIA's National Energy Modelling System (NEMS). The report begins with an 'Overview' summarizing the AEO2005 reference case. The next section, 'Legislation and Regulations', discusses evolving legislative and regulatory issues in the USA. Issues in Focus includes discussions on key energy market issues and examines their potential impacts. In particular, it includes a discussion of the world oil price assumptions used in the reference case and four alternative world oil price cases examined in AEO2005. 'Issues in Focus' is followed by 'Market Trends', which provides a summary of energy market trends in the AEO2005 forecast. The analysis in AEO2005 focuses primarily on a reference case, lower and higher economic growth cases, and four alternative oil price cases, a low world oil price case, an October oil futures case, and two high world oil price cases. Forecast tables for those cases are provided in Appendixes A through D. The major results for the alterative cases, which explore the impacts of varying key assumption in NEMS (such as rates of technology penetration), are summarized in Appendix E. Appendix F briefly describes NEMS and the alternative cases. 115 figs., 38 tabs., 8 apps.

  17. Describing excited state relaxation and localization in TiO2 nanoparticles using TD-DFT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berardo, Enrico; Hu, Han -Shi; van Dam, Hubertus J. J.; Shevlin, Stephen A.; Woodley, Scott M.; Kowalski, Karol; Zwijnenburg, Martijn A.

    2014-02-26

    We have investigated the description of excited state relaxation in naked and hydrated TiO2 nanoparticles using Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TD-DFT) with three common hybrid exchange-correlation (XC) potentials; B3LYP, CAM-B3LYP and BHLYP. Use of TD-CAM-B3LYP and TD-BHLYP yields qualitatively similar results for all structures, which are also consistent with predictions of coupled cluster theory for small particles. TD-B3LYP, in contrast, is found to make rather different predictions; including apparent conical intersections for certain particles that are not observed with TD-CAM-B3LYP nor with TD-BHLYP. In line with our previous observations for vertical excitations, the issue with TD-B3LYP appears to be the inherent tendency of TD-B3LYP, and other XC potentials with no or a low percentage of Hartree-Fock Like Exchange, to spuriously stabilize the energy of charge-transfer (CT) states. Even in the case of hydrated particles, for which vertical excitations are generally well described with all XC potentials, the use of TD-B3LYP appears to result in CT-problems for certain particles. We hypothesize that the spurious stabilization of CT-states by TD-B3LYP even may drive the excited state optimizations to different excited state geometries than those obtained using TD-CAM-B3LYP or TD-BHLYP. In conclusion, focusing on the TD-CAM-B3LYP and TD-BHLYP results, excited state relaxation in naked and hydrated TiO2 nanoparticles is predicted to be associated with a large Stokes’ shift.

  18. Guidelines for Grading BIOL 314 Lab Reports As described in the syllabus, of the 100 points available for each report, 60 depend on scientific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuismer, Scott L.

    Guidelines for Grading BIOL 314 Lab Reports As described in the syllabus, of the 100 points available for each report, 60 depend on scientific merit and 40 on clarity and quality of writing components described in the syllabus. The section of the syllabus describing the lab reports is appended

  19. 6 Model Evaluation III -Radiosonde and radar wind profiler cluster This section describes some of the cluster by cluster comparisons between the WRFb simulations and the radiosonde

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    excess moisture transport from the Gulf of Mexico. For wind speed, the most striking feature6 Model Evaluation III - Radiosonde and radar wind profiler cluster analysis This section describes wind profiler clusters. The clusters and the method used to obtain them are described in detail in de

  20. Abstract--This paper describes a web-based electric power market simulation tool called POWERWEB. It can be used as an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Abstract--This paper describes a web-based electric power market simulation tool called POWERWEB markets and physical system characteristics. It is an Internet based platform, with a web browser

  1. Installing and Using VMWare View Client for Android This document describes how to get up and running with View if your device runs an Android

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    1 Installing and Using VMWare View Client for Android This document describes how to get up and running with View if your device runs an Android operating system. Instructions may differ slightly from

  2. Overview of NEMS-H2, Version 1.0 Frances Wood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pipeline Compr. H2 Truck Electrolysis Coal Gasification Biomass Gasification Small City Station Rural sequestration) · Coal Gasification (with and without sequestration) · Biomass Gasification · Electrolysis (grid Residential Renewables: Wind Biomass Solar Geothermal Uranium Commercial Industrial Transportation demands

  3. A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborn, Julie G.; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

    2001-01-01

    Documentation Report: Wind Energy Submodule (WES). DOE/EIA-The Economic Value of Wind Energy at High Power SystemReference Case, 0.8 GW of wind energy are added between 2000

  4. A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborn, Julie G.; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

    2001-01-01

    Documentation Report: Wind Energy Submodule (WES). DOE/EIA-The Economic Value of Wind Energy at High Power Systemthe characterization of wind energy in the model as used for

  5. A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborn, Julie G.; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

    2001-01-01

    refers to the distance to tranmission lines. Existing 115 kVSTV SPP NWP RA CNV This tranmission extension cost is added

  6. Robust Power Control of Optical Links with Time-Delay Nem Stefanovic and Lacra Pavel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavel, Lacra

    of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada pavel-delays. Primal-dual control algorithms adjust the signal powers at the channel sources and receiver to optimize the OSNR values. The link utilization price is regularly updated and fed back to the source algorithms. We

  7. Learning and cost reductions for generating technologies in the national energy modeling system (NEMS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gumerman, Etan; Marnay, Chris

    2004-01-01

    of International Learning on Technology Cost. In Issues ofbetween initial new technology cost estimates and actualthe revolutionary technologies have cost reductions beyond

  8. Review: Besedotvorni tematski blok na petnajstem mednarodnem slvisti?nem kongresu v Minsku (2013)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vorši?, Ines; Breznik, Irena Stramlji?

    2014-06-26

    ; NRPXQLNDFLMH#17;#3; .RW#3; MH#3; XJRWRYLOD#15;#3; LPD#3; OHNVLNDOQD#3; NUHD-­ WLYQRVW#3;Y#3;WRYUVWQLK#3;EHVHGLOLK#3;SUHGYVHP#3; VWLOLVWLþQR#3;YORJR#3; LQ#3; XþLQNXMH#3; ]ODVWL#3; KX-­ PRUQR#3;DOL#3;LURQLþQR#17; 5XVLQMD#3;*DOLQD#3;3#17;#3;1HãþLPHQNR#3; #11...; JD#3; RGUDåDMR#3; WYRUMHQNH#3;Y#3;MH]LNX#3;PHGLMHY#15;#3;]ODVWL#3;Y#3;SX-­ EOLFLVWLþQLK#3; LQ#3; RJODVQLK#3; EHVHGLOLK#17;#3;.RW#3; XJRWDYOMD#3;$UL]DQNRYVND#3;MH#3;IHQRPHQ#3;SX-­ EOLFLVWLþQHJD#3; MH]LND#3; LQ#3; MH]LND#3; RJODVRY#3; — 111 — 2FHQH#15;#3...

  9. A SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF THE TREATMENT OF WIND ENERGY IN THE AEO99 VERSION OF NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and market penetration on the U.S. Department of Energy's Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) forecast for wind technologies. The AEO's annual report of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2020 is based on resultsLBNL-44070 TP-28529 A SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF THE TREATMENT OF WIND ENERGY IN THE AEO99 VERSION

  10. National Energy Modeling System with Hydrogen Model (NEMS-H2)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool Fits the BillDepartmentSites KDF SocialAdministratorNSIDCNatModeling System with

  11. Frequency Stabilization in Non-linear MEMS and NEMS Oscillators (IN-11-087)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article)Forthcoming Upgrades toFreezing a Droplet to Stop- Energy

  12. U.S. Energy Information Administration NEMS Residential Demand Module Documentation Report 2011

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal,Demand Module of the NationalSales (Million Barrels)New

  13. 382 V. Dykin et al. / Annals of Nuclear Energy 53 (2013) 381400 describing the dynamical behavior of the system i.e. the thermal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demazière, Christophe

    2013-01-01

    #12;382 V. Dykin et al. / Annals of Nuclear Energy 53 (2013) 381­400 describing the dynamical behavior of the system i.e. the thermal hydraulic equations of the two phase cooling flow and the neutron kinetic and thermal hydraulic points of view), while this model still reproduces most

  14. VolPack: A Volume Rendering Library This chapter describes the design of an experimental software library called VolPack. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    library based on user­defined callback functions for shading and classification. Alterna­ tivelyChapter 8 VolPack: A Volume Rendering Library This chapter describes the design of an experimental software library called VolPack. The library provides a high­performance implementation of the algorithms

  15. Coal River Mountain Redux Below is an update to the Coal River Mountain story that I described earlier in an e-mail, in an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    Coal River Mountain Redux Below is an update to the Coal River Mountain story that I described billion gallons of toxic coal sludge located directly above Marsh Fork Elementary School. (No word yet on their campus a couple of years ago. Underground Appalachian coal mining is being replaced in recent years

  16. The use of tools by wrasses (Labridae) Recently, Jones et al. (2011) described the use of a rock as an anvil to crush

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardi, Giacomo

    2011-01-01

    The use of tools by wrasses (Labridae) Recently, Jones et al. (2011) described the use of a rock by underscoring the importance of comparative studies on tool use in fishes. Two similar occasions of tool use to also use these forms of tools. The presence or absence of such a behavior in other groups of fishes

  17. New USGS Reports Describe Groundwater Vulnerability to Contamination One in every five samples of groundwater used as a source for drinking contains at least one

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    New USGS Reports Describe Groundwater Vulnerability to Contamination One in every five samples of groundwater used as a source for drinking contains at least one contaminant at a level of concern for human contaminants in groundwater. Regional summaries of where and why groundwater is vulnerable to contamination now

  18. Some Remarks on an Experiment Suggesting Quantum Like Behavior of Cognitive Entities and Formulation of an Abstract Quantum Mechanical Formalism to Describe Cognitive Entity and its Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elio Conte; Orlando Todarello; Antonio Federici; Francesco Vitiello; Michele Lopane; Andrei Khrennikov; Joseph P. Zbilut

    2007-10-26

    We have executed for the first time an experiment on mental observables concluding that there exists equivalence (that is to say, quantum like behavior) between quantum and cognitive entities.Such result has enabled us to formulate an abstract quantum mechanical formalism that is able to describe cognitive entities and their time dynamics.

  19. NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICES FOR PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO THIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulp, Mark

    NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICES FOR PROTECTED HEALTH INFORMATION THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO THIS INFORMATION. PLEASE REVIEW health information is kept private. It also requires us to give you this Notice which explains our legal

  20. Privacy of Your Health Information This notice describes how medical information about you may be used and disclosed and how you

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    1 Privacy of Your Health Information This notice describes how medical information about you may be used and disclosed and how you can get access to this information. Please review it carefully") is committed to protecting the privacy of your protected health information. Protected health information

  1. THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO THIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sonnenburg, Justin L.

    THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND DISCLOSED AND HOW YOU CAN GET ACCESS TO THIS INFORMATION. PLEASE REVIEW IT CAREFULLY. StanfordPrivacyNotice 01 06.DOC Rev. 01 INFORMATION Stanford University (the "Employer") is committed to protecting the privacy of health information

  2. THE COST OF KNOWLEDGE This is an attempt to describe some of the background to the current boycott of Elsevier by many

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    École Normale Supérieure

    THE COST OF KNOWLEDGE This is an attempt to describe some of the background to the current boycott publishers were charging for the cost of typesetting (not a trivial matter in general before the advent of electronic typesetting, and particularly non-trivial for mathematics), the cost of physically publishing

  3. NSF/UNOLS Van Pool Electrical Requirements This page describes the electrical requirements for the vans in the West Coast pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    NSF/UNOLS Van Pool Electrical Requirements This page describes the electrical requirements onboard vessels. The van will be delivered with detailed electrical connection procedures which must electrical system. Each van is capable of operation from 208, 240 or 460 (440 to 480) V single-phase systems

  4. Title: Ensemble Predictions of beta-sheet Protein Structures In this talk, I will describe my work in the area of protein structure prediction.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldwasser, Shafi

    Title: Ensemble Predictions of beta-sheet Protein Structures In this talk, I will describe my work beta-barrel proteins. I will introduce a new family of algorithms for investigating this family, with an energy function based on stacked amino-acid pair statistical potentials to predict ensemble properties

  5. The Dreiding force field is a seven-term equation that describes the potential energy in a molecule as a function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conery, John

    123 Abstract The Dreiding force field is a seven-term equation that describes the potential energy in their natural environment. Two major disadvantages are that good crystalline DNA sam- ples are not always easy of DNA. This approach uses an experimental technique such as Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) or Raman

  6. Solar cycle properties described by simple convection-driven dynamos This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simitev, Radostin D

    Solar cycle properties described by simple convection-driven dynamos This article has been PUBLISHING PHYSICA SCRIPTA Phys. Scr. 86 (2012) 018407 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0031-8949/86/01/018407 Solar cycle. The assumption of the Boussinesq approximation made in these models prevents a realistic description of the solar

  7. INTEGRITY.We have all heard this word used countless times to describe something good, someone wise or worthy of a lot of respect. But what exactly is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    to integrity is consistency--setting high personal standards for oneself (honesty, trustworthiness, fairness and personal honesty in learning, teaching, research, and service. TRUST. An academic community of integrityINTEGRITY.We have all heard this word used countless times to describe something good, someone wise

  8. Academic Training: J-1 Exchange Students Academic training is a term used by the US Department of State to describe work, training, or experience related to a student's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latiolais, M. Paul

    Academic Training: J-1 Exchange Students Academic training is a term used by the US Department of State to describe work, training, or experience related to a student's major field of study. It may involve sequential or simultaneous activities, either paid or unpaid. There can be one or more training

  9. VOICE INFORMATION RETRIEVAL FOR DOCUMENTS Except where reference is made to the work of others, the work described in this thesis is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of VIRD. Both Quantitative data and Qualitative data were collected. Two sets of metrics were applied, the work described in this thesis is my own or was done in collaboration with my advisory committee Graduate School Engineering #12;VOICE INFORMATION RETRIEVAL FOR DOCUMENTS Weihong Hu A Thesis Submitted

  10. Chapter 5, Section 5.2 Clearwater River MPG Steelhead Status and Recovery (Draft describes habitat-related limiting factors, threats, strategies and actions)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    classified as both A-run and B-run. Independent populations in the Clearwater River MPG include: 1) LowerChapter 5, Section 5.2 Clearwater River MPG Steelhead Status and Recovery (Draft describes habitat Clearwater River Steelhead Major Population Group in the Snake River Steelhead DPS Table of Contents 5

  11. sor Dr. Jason Gurdak. A colleague who studies surface water once described Gurdak's subject as "voodoo" because of the hidden and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with groundwater--depends on the rate at which rain, snowmelt, or irrigation water from farmlands reaches the water8 #12;sor Dr. Jason Gurdak. A colleague who studies surface water once described Gurdak's subject as "voodoo" because of the hidden and intangible nature of underground water. Nevertheless, Gurdak's research

  12. CaF/sub 2/:Mn thermoluminescence: a single glow peak not described by 1st or 2nd order kinetics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hornyak, W.F.; Levy, P.W.; Kierstead, J.A.

    1984-12-01

    The thermoluminescence (TL) of CaF/sub 2/:Mn has been studied using photon counting and digital recording. For doses of 10 rad or less the TL glow curves appear to consist of a single glow peak. However, there are indications - which are pronounced at larger doses - that one additional low intensity peak (area less than or equal to one percent) is superimposed on each side of the central peak. The intense peak is not described by 1st or 2nd order kinetics but is well described by the more general kinetics from which these kinetics are derived. These observations, and the results of additional kinetic analysis, demonstrate that retrapping is not negligible and may include all three peaks. In such systems, which are likely to include other dosimeter materials and minerals, peak height will not increase linearly with dose; an important factor for dosimetry and dating applications.

  13. Fourth-order Blow-up 1 We describe a countable subset of blow-up patterns for the fourth-order one-dimensional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bath, University of

    Fourth-order Blow-up 1 We describe a countable subset of blow-up patterns for the fourth-order one-Kamenetskii equation u t = uxx + e u (a solid fuel model), the generic blow-up in this fourth-order problem-up in a fourth-order semilinear parabolic equation from explosion-convection theory V. A. Ga l akt i onov 1 and J

  14. On the existence of a stationary measure for the stochastic system of the Lorenz model describing a baroclinic atmosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klevtsova, Yu Yu

    2013-09-30

    The paper is concerned with a nonlinear system of partial differential equations with parameters. This system describes the two-layer quasi-solenoidal Lorenz model for a baroclinic atmosphere on a rotating two-dimensional sphere. The right-hand side of the system is perturbed by white noise. Sufficient conditions on the parameters and the right-hand side are obtained for the existence of a stationary measure. Bibliography: 25 titles.

  15. Existence and uniqueness of solutions of a class of 3rd order dissipative problems with various boundary conditions describing the Josephson effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monica De Angelis; Gaetano Fiore

    2012-05-11

    We prove existence and uniqueness of solutions of a large class of initial-boundary-value problems characterized by a quasi-linear third order equation (the third order term being dissipative) on a finite space interval with Dirichlet, Neumann or pseudoperiodic boundary conditions. The class includes equations arising in superconductor theory, such as a well-known modified sine-Gordon equation describing the Josephson effect, and in the theory of viscoelastic materials.

  16. LAB 7 THE ENERGY CRISIS IN CALIFORNIA 1. Based on your TA's lecture, analyze briefly the California energy situation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to sleep. YES NO Use appliances efficiently. Do only full loads when using your dishwasher and clothes

  17. Annual energy outlook 1995, with projections to 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-01-01

    The Annual Energy Outlook 1995 (AEO95) presents the midterm energy forecasts of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). This year`s report presents projections and analyses of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2010, based on results from the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). Quarterly forecasts of energy supply and demand for 1995 and 1996 are published in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (February 1995). Forecast tables for the five cases examined in the AEO95 are provided in Appendixes A through C. Appendix A gives historical data and forecasts for selected years from 1992 through 2010 for the reference case. Appendix B presents two additional cases, which assume higher and lower economic growth than the reference case. Appendix C presents two cases that assume higher and lower world oil prices. Appendix D presents a summary of the forecasts in units of oil equivalence. Appendix E presents a summary of household energy expenditures. Appendix F provides detailed comparisons of the AEO95 forecasts with those of other organizations. Appendix G briefly describes NEMS and the major AEO95 forecast assumptions. Appendix H presents a stand-alone high electricity demand case. Appendix 1 provides a table of energy conversion factors and a table of metric conversion factors. 89 figs., 23 tabs.

  18. Method for describing and evaluating coal mine wastes for coal recovery: a case history from the historical longwall district in the northeastern Illinois coal field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, L.A.; Berggren, D.J.

    1984-12-01

    A method for describing and evaluating coal mine wastes evolved in 1982 from studies at more than 100 historic longwall mine sites conducted by the Illinois State Geological Survey and partially funded by the Illinois Abandoned Mined Lands Reclamation Council (IAMLRC). The primary purpose was to locate and identify different types of waste materials at these sites and to evaluate them for future reclamation. The method which involves geologic characterization, sampling, standard analyses, and evaluation tests, can be used to determine the potential of a mine waste deposit for secondary recovery of coal. It yields data relating to three factors involved in secondary recovery: quality (ash content, heating value), quantity (recoverable tonnages), and the net effect of the recovery operation (product value relative to operations costs; social and environmental assets relative to liabilities). The longwall study did not directly address the question of recoverable tonnages of coal but provided information that can be used to make this evaluation, minimize the amount of drilling required for accurate forecasts of profitability, and measure the economic and environmental benefits of secondary recovery steps in a reclamation plan.

  19. Application of $p$-adic analysis methods in describing Markov processes on ultrametric spaces isometrically embeddable into $\\mathbb{Q}_{p}$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Kh. Bikulov; A. P. Zubarev

    2015-04-14

    We propose a method for describing stationary Markov processes on the class of ultrametric spaces $\\mathbb{U}$ isometrically embeddable in the field $\\mathbb{Q}_{p}$ of $p$-adic numbers. This method is capable of reducing the study of such processes to the investigation of processes on $\\mathbb{Q}_{p}$. Thereby the traditional machinery of $p$-adic mathematical physics can be applied to calculate the characteristics of stationary Markov processes on such spaces. The Cauchy problem for the Kolmogorov-Feller equation of a~stationary Markov process on such spaces is shown as being reducible to the Cauchy problem for a pseudo-differential equation on $\\mathbb{Q}_{p}$ with non-translation-invariant measure $m\\left(x\\right)d_{p}x$. The spectrum of the pseudo-differential operator of the Kolmogorov-Feller equation on $\\mathbb{Q}_{p}$ with measure $m\\left(x\\right)d_{p}x$ is found. Orthonormal basis of real valued functions for $L^{2}\\left(\\mathbb{Q}_{p},m\\left(x\\right)d_{p}x\\right)$ is constructed from the eigenfunctions of this operator.

  20. Saudi Aramco describes crisis oil flow hike

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-02

    On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait and triggered one of the most severe crises in the world's oil supplies since World War II. Within a few days of the invasion, Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports were embargoed, and almost 4.6 million b/d oil of production was removed from world markets. This shortfall amounted to about 20% of total Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production at the time and could have proven disastrous to the world's industrial and financial well-being. However, there was no disruption to the major economies of the world. This paper reports that the primary reason for the cushioning of this impact was the massive expansion in production undertaken by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco).

  1. Self Describing and Self Extracting Data Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    )..................................................................................7 2.3.2.1 Schema/Contents SQL to File..................................................................................................................................8 2.3.2.4 Data Extraction as SQL-92

  2. Main Heading Caption describing picture or graphic.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and make it easier to read. R P Documentary Film 11 AM Saturday November 8, 2014 Philippine Cultural Center 4857 Baxter Rd, Virginia Beach, VA 23462 "Rescue in The Philippines" is a onehour documentary

  3. Introduction xv 1. Describing Inverse Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menke, William

    Information 56 3.9.1 Weighted Least Squares 58 3.9.2 Weighted Minimum Length 58 3.9.3 Weighted Damped Least Squares 58 3.10 Other Types of A Priori Information 60 3.10.1 Example: Constrained Fitting of a Straight

  4. Multicomponent interfacial transport as described by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjelstrup, Signe

    at the surface Distillation column Fuel cells Biological membranes Spinodal decomposition #12;5 Multicomponent R1q 100 % Rq2-R2q R2 q 100% R12-R21 R21 100 % Measure of the error: =210-4 -- optimal perturbation

  5. Can the trace formula describe weak localisation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert S. Whitney; Igor V. Lerner; Robert A. Smith

    1999-02-24

    We attempt to systematically derive perturbative quantum corrections to the Berry diagonal approximation of the two-level correlation function (TLCF) for chaotic systems. To this end, we develop a ``weak diagonal approximation'' based on a recent description of the first weak localisation correction to conductance in terms of the Gutzwiller trace formula. This semiclassical method is tested by using it to derive the weak localisation corrections to the TLCF for a semiclassically disordered system. Unfortunately the method is unable to correctly reproduce the ``Hikami boxes'' (the relatively small regions where classical paths are glued together by quantum processes). This results in the method failing to reproduce the well known weak localisation expansion. It so happens that for the first order correction it merely produces the wrong prefactor. However for the second order correction, it is unable to reproduce certain contributions, and leads to a result which is of a different form to the standard one.

  6. Impacts of Unconventional Gas Technology in the Annual Energy Outlook 2000

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2000-01-01

    This paper describes the methodology used in the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) to represent unconventional gas technologies and their impacts on projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2000 (AEO2000).

  7. Comprehensive Electricity Competition Act: A Comparison of Model Results, The

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1999-01-01

    This report describes the Energy Information Administration's use of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) to evaluate the effects of the Administration's restructuring proposal using the parameter settings and assumptions from the Policy Office Electricity Modeling System (POEMS) analysis.

  8. Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology for Ultra-Low Energy Digital Integrated Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathanael, Rhesa

    2012-01-01

    Alon, and T. -J. K. Liu, "Mechanical computing redux: Relaysof integrated micro-electro-mechanical (MEM) switch circuitsof integrated micro-electro-mechanical (MEM) switch circuits

  9. Supercomputer Piz Daint, so genannt nach ei-nem Berg in Val Mstair im Graubnden, hat bei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peak Performance 7.787 Petaflops Memory Capacity per node 32 GB (DDR3-1600); 6 GB non-ECC GDDR5 Memory Bandwidth per node 51.2 GB/s DDR3 ; 250.0 GB/s non-ECC GDDR5 Total System Memory 169 TB DDR3; 32 TB non

  10. Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology for Ultra-Low Energy Digital Integrated Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathanael, Rhesa

    2012-01-01

    designing circuits using relays. Test chips were fabricatedwith the test setup cooled with liquid nitrogen show relaystests [15]. Unfortunately, it is not practical to keep testing the relay

  11. Prozodi?ne možnosti v slovenskem knjižnem jeziku in slovenskih nare?jih

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Marc L.

    1987-01-01

    :ša), vklju?no z novimi akuti iz umikov (gl. spodaj), npr. že:na (knj. zè:na). Naglas na kra?ini je ostal in dolgi nosilec c i r k u m f l e k s a j e p o s t a l k r a t e k , n p r . 'krœx ( k n j . 'krux), 'nu? ( k n j . no:?). 'vidim ( k n j . vhditn), nu...

  12. Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology for Ultra-Low Energy Digital Integrated Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathanael, Rhesa

    2012-01-01

    Low temperature atomic layer deposition of titania thin2 O 3 deposited by atomic layer deposition (ALD) was used asSUNALE R150 Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) tool provided the

  13. Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology for Ultra-Low Energy Digital Integrated Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathanael, Rhesa

    2012-01-01

    II,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 12, no.Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 6, no. 2,Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 16, no. 1,

  14. Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology for Ultra-Low Energy Digital Integrated Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathanael, Rhesa

    2012-01-01

    II,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 12, no.structures,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol.Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 16, no. 1,

  15. 1018 JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 13, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2004 Limit Cycle Oscillations in CW Laser-Driven NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rand, Richard H.

    method (FEM), laser drive, limit cycle oscillation, self-oscillation, thermal stress. I. INTRODUCTION1018 JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 13, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2004 Limit Cycle, Richard Rand, Alan Zehnder, Jeevak Parpia, and Harold Craighead, Member, IEEE Abstract--Limit cycle

  16. KEYWORDS: H-pile, group effect, press-in method, deep foundation ABSTRACT: A novel foundation system comprising steel H-piles is described. Using the press-in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolton, Malcolm

    KEYWORDS: H-pile, group effect, press-in method, deep foundation ABSTRACT: A novel foundation system comprising steel H-piles is described. Using the press-in method, continuous walls of H-piles can efficace pour les zones urbanisées. 1 INTRODUCTION The press-in method of pile installation is a modern

  17. The horizontal desalination unit described herein utilizes the humidification-dehumidification process to purify water using air as a carrier gas. The temperature required to drive the process is low enough that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The horizontal desalination unit described herein utilizes the humidification enough that waste heat from a fuel combustion or solar collectors can be used. A unit in which air horizontal units, determine the efficiency of operation, and isolate ways of improving future units

  18. We describe a low cost high precision photometric imaging system, which has been in robotic operation for one year on the Mauna Loa observatory (Hawaii). The system, which can be easily duplicated, offers a 150 sq deg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guyon, Olivier

    We describe a low cost high precision photometric imaging system, which has been in roboticAchieving high precision photometry for identifying transiting exoplanets with a low-cost robotic DSLR-based imaging systemexoplanets with a low-cost robotic DSLR-based imaging system Mauna Kea Dual camera system

  19. Data Management Plan Guide A data management plan describes data generated or used for a given project and states how that data will be managed, stored, accessed, and shared. The details of a data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Data Management Plan Guide A data management plan describes data generated or used for a given project and states how that data will be managed, stored, accessed, and shared. The details of a data management plan will vary depending on the circumstances of the project, but each data management plan should

  20. Tight Cocone : A Water-tight Surface Reconstructor 1. Briefly summarize the paper's contributions. Does it address a new problem? Does it

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazhdan, Michael

    . Does it address a new problem? Does it present a new approach? Does it show new types of results? [AS representation given a set of sample points. The existing approach, called COCONE, does not handle undersamping, in contrast to previous ones, does not introduce new points and is interpolative. [JD] The paper addresses

  1. Pre-Search Process Information for Faculty Searches This checklist briefly summarizes the major steps involved in the academic pre-search process and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ha, Taekjip

    Doctoral Directory : Unit must review the website. To begin the review, click the Search the Database link should have at minimum 3 members. Members must be able to commit to the following: Allocate the time to the EO; will they only be reviewing applications and presenting a short list to an executive committee

  2. s We describe an AI system (CTSHIV) that connects the scientific AIDS literature describing specific human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lathrop, Richard H.

    and infections. Currently in the United States, it is estimated to infect 3 to 5 million persons, is the leading deterioration of the immune system leading almost invari- ably to AIDS and death from opportunistic cancers cause of death in adults from 14 to 35, and is the nation's leading cause of productive years of life

  3. Saving work to a CD-RW using the Optical CD Drive (CD Burner) Saving files to a Rewritable CD (or CD-RW) is very similar to the process described

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machel, Hans

    Saving work to a CD-RW using the Optical CD Drive (CD Burner) Saving files to a Rewritable CD (or CD-RW) is very similar to the process described above for saving files to a Recordable CD (or CD to accept files again, so drag-and-drop the files that are on the desktop that you wish to save and when you

  4. The National Energy Modeling System: An overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-01

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of US energy markets for the midterm period of 1990 to 2010. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors, world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavioral and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. This report presents an overview of the structure and methodology of NEMS and each of its components. The first chapter provides a description of the design and objectives of the system. The second chapter describes the modeling structure. The remainder of the report summarizes the methodology and scope of the component modules of NEMS. The model descriptions are intended for readers familiar with terminology from economics, operations research, and energy modeling. Additional background on the development of the system is provided in Appendix A of this report, which describes the EIA modeling systems that preceded NEMS. More detailed model documentation reports for all the NEMS modules are also available from EIA.

  5. Development of transferable interaction potentials for water: V. Extension of the flexible, polarizable, Thole-Type Model potential (TTM3-F, v. 3.0) to describe the vibrational spectra of water clusters and liquid water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fanourgakis, George S.; Xantheas, Sotiris S.

    2008-02-21

    We present a new parametrization of the flexible, polarizable Thole-type model for water [J. Chem. Phys. 116, 5115 (2002); J. Phys. Chem. A 110, 4100 (2006)], with emphasis in describing the vibrational spectra of both water clusters and liquid water. The new model is able to produce results of similar quality with the previous versions for the structures and energetics of water clusters as well as structural and thermodynamic properties of liquid water evaluated with classical and converged quantum statistical mechanical atomistic simulations. At the same time it yields ­ for the first time for a classical interaction potential for water ­ accurate red shifts for the OH vibrational stretches of both water clusters and liquid water. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences program. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for DOE.

  6. Model documentation report: Industrial sector demand module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-01-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Industrial Demand Model. The report catalogues and describes model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description of the NEMS Industrial Model for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements as future projects. The NEMS Industrial Demand Model is a dynamic accounting model, bringing together the disparate industries and uses of energy in those industries, and putting them together in an understandable and cohesive framework. The Industrial Model generates mid-term (up to the year 2015) forecasts of industrial sector energy demand as a component of the NEMS integrated forecasting system. From the NEMS system, the Industrial Model receives fuel prices, employment data, and the value of industrial output. Based on the values of these variables, the Industrial Model passes back to the NEMS system estimates of consumption by fuel types.

  7. EERE Technology Commercialization Portal: Connecting Energy Industry and Market Leaders with Laboratory Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-06-01

    A flyer briefly describing the EERE Technology Commercialization Portal along with an example of one of its marketing summaries.

  8. EERE Technology Commercialization Portal: Connecting Energy Industry and Market Leaders with Laboratory Technologies (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-06-01

    A flyer briefly describing the EERE Technology Commercialization Portal along with an example of one of its marketing summaries.

  9. [Waste water heat recovery system]. Final report, September 30, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-04-28

    The production capabilities for and field testing of the heat recovery system are described briefly. Drawings are included.

  10. [Waste water heat recovery system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-04-28

    The production capabilities for and field testing of the heat recovery system are described briefly. Drawings are included.

  11. Proceedings of the ASME 2011 Pacific Rim Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Systems,MEMS and NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

    ], but in addition, companies face the fact that annual data center op-ex costs can exceed the cap-ex costs

  12. Statistical physical approach to describe the collective properties of dislocations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groma, István

    Eötvös University Budapest http://metal.elte.hu/~.groma/CISM/talk.pdf ­ p. 1/? #12;Statistical physical

  13. COMPUTING THE FIRST BETTI NUMBER AND DESCRIBING THE ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-11-30

    In Section 3 we recall the notion of a roadmap of an algebraic set [5] and indicate. how to use it to construct connecting paths in basic semi-algebraic sets.

  14. Dynamic Response of Viscoelastic Solids Described by Implicit Constitutive Theories 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ponnalagu, Alagappan

    2015-07-15

    such as light weight, impact resistance and transparency. There are also commercial polymers such as PAXCONTM, Dragonshield-HTTM, RhinoArmorTMbased on PU, PC, PMMA etc. which are used for the ballistic protection. For example, it can be seen from figures 1.1(a...) through 1.1(c) that spraying a coating of RhinoArmor can be used to pro- tect the wall from the impact of a blast. From figure 1.1(d) it can be seen that Dragonshield-HT has been used as protective coating for military vehicles. These can also be used...

  15. State-space realization of a describing function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghirardo, Giulio; ?osi?, Bernhard; Juniper, Matthew P.; Moeck, Jonas P.

    2015-05-08

    , featuring self-excited thermoacoustic oscillations. We benchmark the performance of the tool comparing the results with a frequency domain analysis of the same system, obtaining good agreement between the two formulations....

  16. Massively parallel structured direct solver for equations describing ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-10-17

    need for the introduction of coupled systems of partial differential equations to lower ... complexity and interprocessor communication estimates of our algorithm.

  17. A Classical Density-Functional Theory for Describing Water Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jessica Hughes; Eric Krebs; David Roundy

    2012-08-31

    We develop a classical density functional for water which combines the White Bear fundamental-measure theory (FMT) functional for the hard sphere fluid with attractive interactions based on the Statistical Associating Fluid Theory (SAFT-VR). This functional reproduces the properties of water at both long and short length scales over a wide range of temperatures, and is computationally efficient, comparable to the cost of FMT itself. We demonstrate our functional by applying it to systems composed of two hard rods, four hard rods arranged in a square and hard spheres in water.

  18. Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage to environmental...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Email For years, sampling has shown no health risks due to floods and associated sediment in the canyons. Lab experts will be working in the coming weeks to collect samples of...

  19. FORMALISM HELPS IN DESCRIBING ACCIDENTS Peter Ladkin, Universitt Bielefeld, Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ladkin, Peter B.

    , such reasoning engineering is both essential and non-trivial. Accident reports in aviation present careful disagreement systems resulting from maintenance-induced damage leading to the separation of the No. 1 engine maintenance procedures which led to failure of the pylon structure. We shall analyse this statement

  20. Approximating many-body induction to efficiently describe molecular liquids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbert, John

    on the structure and solvation dynamics of the excess electron (in the ground state) but does have a large impact as the structures and properties of molecular systems. This study focuses on approximating many-body electronic methods in order to allow "on-the-fly" energy and force evaluations in dynamical calculations

  1. Consumer and purchasing agent response to terms used to describe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alaska Allen M. Brackley Valerie Barber Abstract Using information from 204 individuals with an active Northwest. The major source The authors are, respectively. Team Leader/Research Forester, USDA Forest Serv of the USDA. The study plan and survey forms for this project were reviewed by the Institutional Review Board

  2. METHODOLOGY The vibration is described in a piecewise fashion as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ervin, Elizabeth K.

    as nuclear (steam generator tubes, reactor rods) petroleum (drillstrings, piping systems) biomedical anti-resonance exists, signifying passive vibration control targeted at specific excitation frequencies beam stiffness creates passive vibration control. FUTURE WORK Experimental studies verifying trend

  3. DOE Report Describes Progress in the Deployment of Synchrophasor...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    picture Submitted by Graham7781(2017) Super contributor 15 August, 2013 - 10:09 OpenEI PMU recovery act SGIG Smart Grid The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of...

  4. National Weatherization Assistance Program Characterization Describing the Recovery Act Period

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tonn, Bruce Edward; Rose, Erin M.; Hawkins, Beth A.

    2015-10-01

    This report characterizes the U.S. Department of Energy s Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) during the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) period. This research was one component of the Recovery Act evaluation of WAP. The report presents the results of surveys administered to Grantees (i.e., state weatherization offices) and Subgrantees (i.e., local weatherization agencies). The report also documents the ramp up and ramp down of weatherization production and direct employment during the Recovery Act period and other challenges faced by the Grantees and Subgrantees during this period. Program operations during the Recovery Act (Program Year 2010) are compared to operations during the year previous to the Recovery Act (Program Year 2008).

  5. Does the Environmental Kuznets Curve Describe How Individual Countries Behave?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deacon, Robert; Norman, Catherine S

    2004-01-01

    for an Environmental Kuznets Curve. ” Review of EconomicsFactoring the Environmental Kuznets Curve: Evidence fromand Development: Is There a Kuznets Curve for Air Pollution

  6. Tree and stand architecture and growth described by formal grammars.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurth, Winfried

    'inŸen'i. Pod'av'ame tak'e srovn'an'i dvou algoritm ffi u vzhledem k reakci virtu'aln'ich smrkov'ych korun na st

  7. Sandia Energy - New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Biofuels Lignocellulosic Biomass Microalgae Thermochemical Conversion Optima: Co-Optimization of Fuels and Engines Energy Storage Components and Systems Batteries Electric...

  8. Compensating Customer-Generators: A taxonomy describing methods of compensating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    , investment in grid-connected generation capacity is growing at a faster rate than off-grid applications (IEA-generators for electricity supplied to the grid Larry Hughes1 Energy Research Group Electrical and Computer Engineering-generators that supply electricity to the grid. Although many practices exist for providing such compensation, confusion

  9. Parsimony analysis of endemicity describes but does not explain: an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garzón-Orduña, Ivonne

    of Biological Sciences, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, USA, 2 Laboratorio de Sistema´tica Laboratorio de Sistema´tica y Biologi´a Evolutiva (LASBE), Museo de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina *Correspondence: Daniel Rafael Miranda- Esquivel, Laboratorio de Sistema´tica & Biogeografi´a (LSB), Escuela de

  10. Introduction Antarctic benthic communities have been described as one

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paiva, Paulo Cesar de

    primary production of: 1) benthic microalgae (Gilbert 1991), 2) macroalgae with the input of its debris and biomass of shallow benthic megafauna during an annual cycle in Admiralty Bay, King George Island de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil *carlos_alejandroecheverria@hotmail.com Abstract: Composition and biomass

  11. Abstract - This paper describes the latest generic wind turbine

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsicloudden Documentation DataStreamsTotalproposalsAbout SAGEAbout theAboutN

  12. NREL Releases Report Describing Guidelines for PV Manufacturer Quality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on771/6/14 Contact:News Releases | NREL NRELRow 3 SiteAssurance -

  13. ARM - Evaluation Product - Critical soil quantities for describing land

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments? WeDatastreamstps DocumentationAtlanticENA Contacts ENA RelatedProductsCalibratedproperties

  14. Describing Current & Potential Markets for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4Cubic Feet)Cubic1992Thousand9)%YearD e s c r i b

  15. Describing Current & Potential Markets for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4Cubic Feet)Cubic1992Thousand9)%YearD e s c r i

  16. Describing Current & Potential Markets for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4Cubic Feet)Cubic1992Thousand9)%YearD e s c r i4

  17. DOE Report Describes Progress in the Deployment of Synchrophasor

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments Inc Jump to: navigation,(RECP)Geothermal EnergyTechnologies

  18. Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage to environmental

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCenter (LMI-EFRC)LodgingSchoolconference

  19. Science in 60: Lanza describes meteorite hunt in Antarctica

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque| StanfordOffice of Science (SC) SULI Home Science Belowin 60:

  20. Sandia Energy - New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal Energy &WaterNew CREW Database Receives FirstClimateand

  1. In this paper, we first describe the UMTS architecture for supporting MBMS. Then, we describe various airlink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuah, Mooi-Choo "Mooi"

    -SC or in a separate box. In this architecture, Serving Gateway Support Node (SGSN) performs control functions. There is only one MBMS- GTP tunnel between each SGSN and GGSN for each single MBMS service. GGSN terminates MBMS GTP tunnels and links such tunnels via IP multicast [1] with the multicast data source

  2. Model documentation, Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-01-01

    This report documents the objectives and the conceptual and methodological approach used in the development of the National Energy Modeling System`s (NEMS) Coal Market Module (CMM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook 1998 (AEO98). This report catalogues and describes the assumptions, methodology, estimation techniques, and source code of CMM`s two submodules. These are the Coal Production Submodule (CPS) and the Coal Distribution Submodule (CDS). CMM provides annual forecasts of prices, production, and consumption of coal for NEMS. In general, the CDS integrates the supply inputs from the CPS to satisfy demands for coal from exogenous demand models. The international area of the CDS forecasts annual world coal trade flows from major supply to major demand regions and provides annual forecasts of US coal exports for input to NEMS. Specifically, the CDS receives minemouth prices produced by the CPS, demand and other exogenous inputs from other NEMS components, and provides delivered coal prices and quantities to the NEMS economic sectors and regions.

  3. Model documentation report: Industrial sector demand module of the national energy modeling system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-01-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Industrial Demand Model. The report catalogues and describes model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description of the NEMS Industrial Model for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirements of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its model. Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements as future projects.

  4. Electromagnetic Structure Functions of Nucleons in the Region of Very Small X

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. V. Bugaev; B. V. Mangazeev

    2011-02-12

    A two component model describing the electromagnetic nucleon structure functions in the low-x region, based on generalized vector dominance and color dipole approaches is briefly described.

  5. Data Quality Requirements for Determining Energy Savings in the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, J.; Reddy, A.; Claridge, D. E,; Haberl, J. S.; Pollard, W.

    1996-01-01

    This paper briefly describes an ongoing energy retrofit program, the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAF') of the Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs. After briefly reviewing the various parameters that one needs to consider...

  6. Layered Nanoassembly of Three-Dimensional Structures A. A. G. Requicha, S. Meltzer, R. Resch, D. Lewis, B. E. Koel and M. E. Thompson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    in miniaturization. Nanorobots and other NEMS are expected to find revolutionary applications in science, engineering nanofabrication that is based on the robotic assembly of nanoparticles in successive layers. Basic Process Much we describe in more detail Steps 2, 3, and 5. Substrate Substrate Surface1st Sacrificial Layer 1st

  7. Model documentation Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-04-30

    This report documents objectives and conceptual and methodological approach used in the development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Coal Market Module (CMM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook 1996 (AEO96). This report catalogues and describes the assumptions, methodology, estimation techniques, and source code of CMM`s three submodules: Coal Production Submodule, Coal Export Submodule, and Coal Distribution Submodule.

  8. We describe the Science Data Quality Assessment (SDQA) system for LSST. SDQA will be an analysis system that examines and reports on the quality of LSST data and derived products from a scientific perspective. The key driver of SDQA planning and practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mannings, Vince

    .g., weather data, calibration data and system health and safety data Characterization of image artifacts e and future Data Challenges. SDQA in context in the LSST System Base DM System Mountain DM System PipelineWe describe the Science Data Quality Assessment (SDQA) system for LSST. SDQA will be an analysis

  9. The Impact of Carbon Control on Low-Income Household Electricity and Gasoline Expenditures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eisenberg, Joel Fred [ORNL

    2008-06-01

    In July of 2007 The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Energy Information Administration (EIA) released its impact analysis of 'The Climate Stewardship And Innovation Act of 2007,' known as S.280. This legislation, cosponsored by Senators Joseph Lieberman and John McCain, was designed to significantly cut U.S. greenhouse gas emissions over time through a 'cap-and-trade' system, briefly described below, that would gradually but extensively reduce such emissions over many decades. S.280 is one of several proposals that have emerged in recent years to come to grips with the nation's role in causing human-induced global climate change. EIA produced an analysis of this proposal using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) to generate price projections for electricity and gasoline under the proposed cap-and-trade system. Oak Ridge National Laboratory integrated those price projections into a data base derived from the EIA Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 2001 and the EIA public use files from the National Household Transportation Survey (NHTS) for 2001 to develop a preliminary assessment of impact of these types of policies on low-income consumers. ORNL will analyze the impacts of other specific proposals as EIA makes its projections for them available. The EIA price projections for electricity and gasoline under the S.280 climate change proposal, integrated with RECS and NHTS for 2001, help identify the potential effects on household electric bills and gasoline expenditures, which represent S.280's two largest direct impacts on low-income household budgets in the proposed legislation. The analysis may prove useful in understanding the needs and remedies for the distributive impacts of such policies and how these may vary based on patterns of location, housing and vehicle stock, and energy usage.

  10. Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model of the National Energy Modeling System. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-01-01

    The Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model (NGTDM) is the component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) that is used to represent the domestic natural gas transmission and distribution system. The NGTDM is the model within the NEMS that represents the transmission, distribution, and pricing of natural gas. The model also includes representations of the end-use demand for natural gas, the production of domestic natural gas, and the availability of natural gas traded on the international market based on information received from other NEMS models. The NGTDM determines the flow of natural gas in an aggregate, domestic pipeline network, connecting domestic and foreign supply regions with 12 demand regions. The purpose of this report is to provide a reference document for model analysts, users, and the public that defines the objectives of the model, describes its basic design, provides detail on the methodology employed, and describes the model inputs, outputs, and key assumptions. Subsequent chapters of this report provide: an overview of NGTDM; a description of the interface between the NEMS and NGTDM; an overview of the solution methodology of the NGTDM; the solution methodology for the Annual Flow Module; the solution methodology for the Distributor Tariff Module; the solution methodology for the Capacity Expansion Module; the solution methodology for the Pipeline Tariff Module; and a description of model assumptions, inputs, and outputs.

  11. Microsoft Word - CRADA ORNL Standard 10-13 First Cut.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    was first used in an application environment. 4. Brief Description. Briefly describe the purpose of the computer program, state the problem being solved, and summarize the program...

  12. (Historical development of the field of hypernuclei): Concluding talk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chrien, R.E.

    1988-01-01

    This paper briefly discusses progress in low energy kaon physics and hypernuclear physics. Certain kaon reactions are discussed and future possible accelerator experiments are described. (LSP)

  13. Miscible, multi-component, diesel fuels and methods of bio-oil transformation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Adams, Thomas (Athens, GA); Garcia, Manuel (Quebec, CA); Geller, Dan (Athens, GA); Goodrum, John W. (Athens, GA); Pendergrass, Joshua T. (Jefferson, GA)

    2010-10-26

    Briefly described, embodiments of this disclosure include methods of recovering bio-oil products, fuels, diesel fuels, and the like are disclosed.

  14. Alternative-fuels technology: Natural gas vehicles as a way to curb urban air pollution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-02-01

    This report describes the use of natural gas as an alternative fuel in various vehicles. Safety and emissions resulting from combustion are briefly discussed.

  15. international journal of rock mechanics and mining sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Structural geologists, mining and civil engineers. .... of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in .... Theory/

  16. MSX - A Monte-Carlo Code for Neutron Efficiency Calculations for Large Volume Gd-loaded Liquid Scintillation Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Trzcinski; B. Zwieglinski; ALADIN collaboration

    1996-12-19

    Some properties of the code newly developed to simulate the neutron detection process in a neutron multiplicity meter are briefly described.

  17. ,I 'J, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE IN TE R IOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the class Pisces . This large group may be described briefly as fo llows: they have a vertebral column o r b

  18. Hibadetektl rendszer lgtechnikai berendezsek szmra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balázs, Bánhelyi

    oldalán vízszintesen 3 a ventilátor nem meghajtott oldalán függlegesen 4 a motor nem hajtó oldalán vízszintesen 5 a motor nem hajtó oldalán a tengellyel párhuzamosan 6 a motor nem hajtó oldalán függlegesen 7 a motor hajtó oldalán függlegesen 8 a motor hajtó oldalán vízszintesen 9 a ventilátor meghajtott oldalán

  19. Model documentation report: Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM) of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-02-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook for 1997 (AEO 97). The report catalogues and describes the module assumptions, computations, methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and mainframe source code. This document serves three purposes. First it is a reference document providing a detailed description of the NEMS MAM used for the AEO 1997 production runs for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements as future projects.

  20. Model documentation report: Commercial Sector Demand Module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-01-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components. The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module is a simulation tool based upon economic and engineering relationships that models commercial sector energy demands at the nine Census Division level of detail for eleven distinct categories of commercial buildings. Commercial equipment selections are performed for the major fuels of electricity, natural gas, and distillate fuel, for the major services of space heating, space cooling, water heating, ventilation, cooking, refrigeration, and lighting. The algorithm also models demand for the minor fuels of residual oil, liquefied petroleum gas, steam coal, motor gasoline, and kerosene, the renewable fuel sources of wood and municipal solid waste, and the minor services of office equipment. Section 2 of this report discusses the purpose of the model, detailing its objectives, primary input and output quantities, and the relationship of the Commercial Module to the other modules of the NEMS system. Section 3 of the report describes the rationale behind the model design, providing insights into further assumptions utilized in the model development process to this point. Section 3 also reviews alternative commercial sector modeling methodologies drawn from existing literature, providing a comparison to the chosen approach. Section 4 details the model structure, using graphics and text to illustrate model flows and key computations.

  1. Model documentation: Renewable Fuels Module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it related to the production of the 1994 Annual Energy Outlook (AEO94) forecasts. The report catalogues and describes modeling assumptions, computational methodologies, data inputs, and parameter estimation techniques. A number of offline analyses used in lieu of RFM modeling components are also described. This documentation report serves two purposes. First, it is a reference document for model analysts, model users, and the public interested in the construction and application of the RFM. Second, it meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. The RFM consists of six analytical submodules that represent each of the major renewable energy resources -- wood, municipal solid waste (MSW), solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, and alcohol fuels. Of these six, four are documented in the following chapters: municipal solid waste, wind, solar and biofuels. Geothermal and wood are not currently working components of NEMS. The purpose of the RFM is to define the technological and cost characteristics of renewable energy technologies, and to pass these characteristics to other NEMS modules for the determination of mid-term forecasted renewable energy demand.

  2. how is the growth of the Smart Grid described | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEtGeorgia:Illinois:WizardYatescloud Home Dc's pictureenergygrid history

  3. The Fourier state of a dilute granular gas described by the inelastic Boltzmann equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Javier Brey; N. Khalil; M. J. Ruiz-Montero

    2009-06-03

    The existence of two stationary solutions of the nonlinear Boltzmann equation for inelastic hard spheres or disks is investigated. They are restricted neither to weak dissipation nor to small gradients. The one-particle distribution functions are assumed to have an scaling property, namely that all the position dependence occurs through the density and the temperature. At the macroscopic level, the state corresponding to both is characterized by uniform pressure, no mass flow, and a linear temperature profile. Moreover, the state exhibits two peculiar features. First, there is a relationship between the inelasticity of collisions, the pressure, and the temperature gradient. Second, the heat flux can be expressed as being linear in the temperature gradient, i.e. a Fourier-like law is obeyed. One of the solutions is singular in the elastic limit. The theoretical predictions following from the other one are compared with molecular dynamics simulation results and a good agreement is obtained in the parameter region in which the Fourier state can be actually observed in the simulations, namely not too strong inelasticity.

  4. Carbon flow and ecosystem dynamics in the Mississippi River plume described by inverse analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breed, Greg Allen

    2002-01-01

    excess organic carbon from autotrophic regions to heterotrophic regions. In contrast, the winter result indicated a plume that was net-heterotrophic in all 4 subregions with high aerobic bacterial respiration and relatively low primary production...

  5. Describing a1 and b1 decays J. C. R. Bloch,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bloch, Jacques C.R.

    1 Physics Division, Building 203, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Ilinois 60439-4843 2 Laboratory of Computing Techniques and Automation, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna, Russia, which makes them harder to employ as an intu- ition building tool. With a J 1 meson in both the initial

  6. A Climatological measurement methods This appendix describes the methods of climatological variable measurement at the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -wave radiation correspond to those emitted by a body with a temperature equivalent to that of the earths surface followed a direct path from the sun to the observer, while the path of diffuse radiation will have been varies, the two measures may only be compared directly if the irradiance distribution at all relevant

  7. Research Themes and Tasks CIOSS activities are described within three categories: Administration,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    . Satellite Sensors and Techniques: Evaluation of existing and proposed satellite sensors, algorithms in this category, as are workshops designed to develop or evaluate present and planned sensors and techniques. b of CIOSS research is to develop, evaluate, improve and use methods of ocean remote sensing and ocean

  8. Purpose of the IIT Graduate Bulletin This bulletin describes the academic programs and re-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    as a primary source of information for graduate students, faculty and admin- istration. Prospective students the student's major department is the best source for current curriculum information. Updates are also listed- sources, policies, procedures and student services in effect at the time of publication. It serves

  9. Purpose of the IIT Graduate Bulletin This bulletin describes the academic programs and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    . It serves as a primary source of information for graduate students, faculty, and administration. Prospective advisor from the student's major department is the best source for current curriculum information. Updates Opportunity and Affirmative Action, IIT Tower, Illinois Institute of Technology. Note: The information

  10. Abstract --This paper describes the development of a sequential decision support system to promote hydroelectric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Mark

    hydroelectric power in North-West England. The system, composed of integrated models, addresses barriers to the installation of hydroelectric power schemes. Information is linked through an economic assessment which of hydro power technology are considered. Index Terms -- Flow duration curve, Hydroelectric power, North

  11. Over the past three decades, exercise and environmental physiologists have painstakingly described the energetics of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saltzman, Wendy

    energy expenditure during low-temperature running by 23­37%, but running costs comprised a fairly minor was less than the aerobic maximum). Individuals with high running performance (cumulative distance

  12. Describing the Observed Cosmic Neutrinos by Interactions of Nuclei with Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter Winter

    2014-10-17

    IceCube have observed neutrinos which are presumably of extra-galactic origin. Since specific sources have not yet been identified, we discuss what could be learned from the conceptual point of view. We use a simple model for neutrino production from the interactions between nuclei and matter, and we focus on the description of the spectral shape and flavor composition observed by IceCube. Our main parameters are spectral index, maximal energy, magnetic field, and composition of the accelerated nuclei. We show that a cutoff at PeV energies can be achieved by soft enough spectra, a cutoff of the primary energy, or strong enough magnetic fields. These options, however, are difficult to reconcile with the hypothesis that these neutrinos originate from the same sources as the ultra-high energy cosmic rays. We demonstrate that heavier nuclei accelerated in the sources may be a possible way out if the maximal energy scales appropriately with the mass number of the nuclei. In this scenario, neutrino observations can actually be used to test the UHECR acceleration mechanism. We also emphasize the need for a volume upgrade of the IceCube detector for future precision physics, for which the flavor information becomes a statistical meaningful model discriminator as qualitatively new ingredient.

  13. Abstract--A new species of the cottid genus Triglops Reinhardt is described

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    specimens collected in Aniva Bay, southern Sakhalin Island, Russia, and off Kitami, on the northern coast

  14. Generating Resources1 Generating resources available for future development in the Pacific Northwest are described in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    competitive costs during the period of the plan, reasonable prospects for successful development and operationGenerating Resources1 Generating resources available for future development in the Pacific energy, solar radiation, energy from processes driven by solar radiation (wind, hydropower, biomass

  15. Proposed Universal Relationships Describing Electron Phonon Mediated Superconductivity and Accommodation of the Cuprates and Pnictides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Nepela

    2008-07-10

    A universal and self-consistent set of equations is developed utilizing the principle empirical parameters of Superconductivity which are the coherent condensation temperature, the Debye temperature, the coherent condensation energy gap at critical temperature equals zero degrees Kelvin and the electron phonon coupling constant. Empirical data from both crystalline elements and amorphous compounds is shown to produce the same self consistent relationships which are critical temperature equals Debye energy/2 exp(-2/electron phonon coupling constant), coherent condensation temperature equals the Debye energy exp (-2/electron phonon coupling constant) and the ratio of coherent condensation temperature/critical temperature equals 2.0 i.e. coherent condensation temperature equals coherent energy gap and is found to be constant for all superconductors. We also find that electron phonon coupling constant is related exponentially related to the zero point energy where the zero point energy equals the Debye energy/2 and is the zero point energy of a quantum mechanical oscillator. These relationships are derived exclusively from electron phonon mediated superconductor data and are also shown to encompass cuprate superconductors with ease. [Abridged

  16. Mark Kubiske (USFS, center) describes gas exchange data to George Hendrey (BNL, left) and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    obtained by North Central Station Engineer John Jakel (USFS). The lift will be used for operator needs to accommodate the boom lift for full access around each ring, we moved about 500 trees within 10 feet of each's buffer zone, and (2) it allows access for the boom lift. Thanks to Peterson Tree Service and our grounds

  17. Investigation of a Linear Model to Describe Hydrologic Phenomenon of Drainage Basins 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmer, F. A.

    1969-01-01

    This investigation is concerned with the applicability of the linear convolution relationship for approximating the rainfall-runoff phenomenon for small drainage basins. A solution for the transfer function of the convolution relationship...

  18. Describing functions for information channels subject to packet loss and quantization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbertson, Eric (Eric W.)

    2014-01-01

    underwater environments. Examples include autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) coordination and navigation, Wide Area Measurement System (WAMS) control of power grids, and automobile networked subsystems control. As one ...

  19. REVIEW (EXAM I) 1. For the studies described, identify the population, sample, population parameters, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacon, Christopher

    in its household panel to determine what percentage of people plan to cancel their summer vacation) The ages of people living within 300 miles of your home c) The effect of stopping the cooling process

  20. Ion firehose instability in plasmas with plasma particles described by product bi-kappa distributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santos, M. S. dos; Ziebell, L. F., E-mail: luiz.ziebell@ufrgs.br; Gaelzer, R., E-mail: rudi.gaelzer@ufrgs.br [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Caixa Postal 15051, RS, CEP: 91501-970 Porto Alegre (Brazil)

    2014-11-15

    We investigate the dispersion relation for low frequency electromagnetic waves propagating parallel to the ambient magnetic field, considering that the velocity distributions of ions and electrons can be either bi-Maxwellian of product bi-kappa distributions. The effect of the anisotropy and non-thermal features associated to the product-bi-kappa distributions on the firehose instability are numerically investigated. The general conclusion to be drawn from the results obtained is that the increase in non-thermal features which is consequence of the decrease of the ? indexes in the ion distribution contributes to increase the instability in magnitude and wave number range, in comparison with bi-Maxwellian distributions with similar temperature anisotropy, and that the increase of non-thermal features in the electron distribution contributes to the quenching of the instability, which is nevertheless driven by the anisotropy in the ion distribution. Significant differences between results obtained either considering product-bi-kappa distributions or bi-kappa distributions are also reported.

  1. Loki, Io: New groundbased observations and a model describing the change from periodic overturn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julie A. Rathbun; John R. Spencer

    2006-05-09

    Loki Patera is the most powerful volcano in the solar system. We have obtained measurements of Loki's 3.5 micron brightness from NASA's Infrared Telescope Facility (IRTF) and have witnessed a change from the periodic behavior previously noted. While Loki brightened by a factor of several every 540 days prior to 2001, from 2001 through 2004 Loki remained at a constant, medium brightness. We have constructed a quantitative model of Loki as a basaltic lava lake whose solidified crust overturns when it becomes buoyantly unstable. By altering the speed at which the overturn propagates across the patera, we can match our groundbased brightness data. In addition, we can match other data taken at other times and wavelengths. By slowing the propagation speed dramatically, we can match the observations from 2001-2004. This slowing may be due to a small change in volatile content in the magma.

  2. A Planner for Composing Services Described in DAML-S Mithun Sheshagiri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finin, Tim

    , Baltimore County 1000 Hilltop Circle Baltimore, Maryland 21250 mits1@csee.umbc.edu Marie desJardins University of Maryland, Baltimore County 1000 Hilltop Circle Baltimore, Maryland 21250 mariedj@csee.umbc.edu Timothy Finin University of Maryland, Baltimore County 1000 Hilltop Circle Baltimore, Maryland 21250 f

  3. Introduction The degree action approval processes described in this document reflect the official internal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    from the Board of Visitors (BOV) taking approximately 12 months from pre-approval. For example, a new degree proposal that is preapproved in Spring 2013 could be ready for review and approval by the BOV in Spring 2014. Once BOV approval for a degree action is secured, the proposal is forwarded to SCHEV

  4. National Weatherization Assistance Program Characterization - Describing the Pre-ARRA Progam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bensch, Ingo; Keene, Ashleigh; Cowan, Claire; Koski, Karen

    2014-09-01

    This report characterizes the Department of Energy s Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) as it was administered in Program Year 2008. WAP has supported energy efficiency improvements to the homes of low-income households in the United States since 1976. The program provides grants, guidance, and other support to grantees: weatherization programs administered by each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia and some Native American tribes. Although there have been studies of some grantee-administered weatherization programs, the overall effectiveness of the national weatherization program has not been formally evaluated since Program Year 1989. Since that time, the program has evolved significantly, with an increased focus on baseload electric usage, continued evolution of diagnostic tools, new guidelines and best practices for heating-related measures, and adjustments in program rules. More recently, the program has also adjusted to large, temporary funding increases and changes in federal rules spurred by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). Because the Weatherization Assistance Program of today is dramatically different from the one evaluated in 1989, DOE determined to undertake a new comprehensive evaluation of the national program. This new national evaluation is managed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Under a competitive solicitation process, ORNL selected APPRISE, Inc., Blasnik & Associates, Dalhoff Associates and the Energy Center of Wisconsin to conduct the evaluation. The national evaluation comprises two independent evaluations. The first evaluation of which this report is a part focuses on Program Year 2008 (PY08). The second evaluation focuses on the ARRA-funded years of 2009 through 2011. This report, together with its companion the Eligible Population Study addresses specific program characterization goals established for the greater evaluation. The Energy Center led grantee and subgrantee data collection efforts, administering surveys to 51 grantees and 851 of the approximately 900 subgrantees that were slated to receive DOE weatherization funds in PY08. In all, seven different data collection instruments were used to gather the needed data two instruments for grantees and five for subgrantees. See Table 1 for a list of these survey instruments. These surveys were used to determine, among other things: Structure and funding of weatherization programs Training and staff development of service providers How weatherization services are delivered Clients served

  5. DATA META FILE 2004 This file describes the instrumentation, field setup, and quality control procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    to revision. See dates above for recent updates concerning the data file and metadata. The following data) was measured in 2004. A calibration drift was discovered and the sensor was replaced for 2005. PAR can

  6. This paper describes a rapid prototyping system for extensions to an existing programming language.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    in programming languages is increasingly accepted [1], it becomes more and more important to be able to try out preprocessor such as a macro processor, or by using an extensible programming language as the base language and automatic prototype implementation of significantly new programming language features and programming

  7. 1. Introduction The main purpose of this paper is to describe the litho-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hesselbo, Stephen P.

    of the Kimmeridge Clay Formation exposed between Hobarrow Bay [SY 896 790] and Chapman's Pool [SY 955 771], Dorset Kimmeridge Clay, and the Pectinatites elegans to Virgatopavlovia fittoni zones of the Upper Kimmeridge Clay groups who are investigating various aspects of the Kimmeridge Clay, such as inor- ganic and organic

  8. Could quantum mechanics describe completely and consistently all superconducting and other quantum phenomena?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Nikulov

    2015-07-15

    Canonical description of quantization effects observed at measurements on superconducting structures seems one of the most triumphant achievements of quantum mechanics. But impartial consideration uncovers incompleteness and inconsistency of this description. Contradictions in the description of other quantum phenomena are revealed also.

  9. Nonlocal extension of the dispersive-optical-model to describe data below the Fermi energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. H. Dickhoff; D. Van Neck; S. J. Waldecker; R. J. Charity; L. G. Sobotka

    2010-10-07

    Present applications of the dispersive-optical-model analysis are restricted by the use of a local but energy-dependent version of the generalized Hartree-Fock potential. This restriction is lifted by the introduction of a corresponding nonlocal potential without explicit energy dependence. Such a strategy allows for a complete determination of the nucleon propagator below the Fermi energy with access to the expectation value of one-body operators (like the charge density), the one-body density matrix with associated natural orbits, and complete spectral functions for removal strength. The present formulation of the dispersive optical model (DOM) therefore allows the use of elastic electron-scattering data in determining its parameters. Application to ${}^{40}$Ca demonstrates that a fit to the charge radius leads to too much charge near the origin using the conventional assumptions of the functional form of the DOM. A corresponding incomplete description of high-momentum components is identified, suggesting that the DOM formulation must be extended in the future to accommodate such correlations properly. Unlike the local version, the present nonlocal DOM limits the location of the deeply-bound hole states to energies that are consistent with (\\textit{e,e}$^{\\prime}$\\textit{p}) and (\\textit{p,2p}) data.

  10. USING INTERACTION MATRICES TO DESCRIBEUSING INTERACTION MATRICES TO DESCRIBE RADIOCAESIUM MIGRATION IN GRASSLANDRADIOCAESIUM MIGRATION IN GRASSLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

    - the components of the system are elements in the leading diagonal (i=j). - n(n-1) interaction terms (off diagonal,1: resuspension a3,2: rain splash, soil adhesion root uptake a3,4: soil vertical transport (difussion, convection

  11. Could quantum mechanics describe completely and consistently all superconducting and other quantum phenomena?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikulov, A V

    2015-01-01

    Canonical description of quantization effects observed at measurements on superconducting structures seems one of the most triumphant achievements of quantum mechanics. But impartial consideration uncovers incompleteness and inconsistency of this description. Contradictions in the description of other quantum phenomena are revealed also.

  12. Release 2.0.0 Beta 6 Self Describing Data Java Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of inductance loops that provide data for Independent Service Providers (ISP) and other centers. The operators Figure 1). The Data Dictionary leverages the power of conventional data description languages sources. When the event source produces an event, the callback methods in the registered classes

  13. SUPRASPECIFIC TAXA OF THE BIVALVIA FIRST NAMED, DESCRIBED, AND PUBLISHED IN CHINA (1927–2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Zong-jie; Chen, Jin-hua; Chen, Chu-zhen; Sha, Jin-geng; Lan, Xiu; Wen, Shi-xuan

    2009-05-15

    A total of 209 bivalve generic (subgeneric) and 19 familial (subfamilial) names first proposed by Chinese palaeontologists and published in China are treated herein as an annotated database. The present paper is designed especially for the Treatise...

  14. A simplified approach to describe complex diffusers in displacement ventilation for CFD simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    for displacement ventilation systems include, but not lim ited to, quarter -circular-perforated, grille , floor dif fusers under cooling or heating conditions. The distributio ns of air v elocity, temperature in the 1970s. Due to the wide use of di splacement ventilation, ASHRAE (the Am erican Society of Heating

  15. Spin models inferred from patient-derived viral sequence data faithfully describe HIV fitness landscapes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shekhar, Karthik

    Mutational escape from vaccine-induced immune responses has thwarted the development of a successful vaccine against AIDS, whose causative agent is HIV, a highly mutable virus. Knowing the virus' fitness as a function of ...

  16. Carbon oxidation state as a metric for describing the chemistry of atmospheric organic aerosol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroll, Jesse

    A detailed understanding of the sources, transformations and fates of organic species in the environment is crucial because of the central roles that they play in human health, biogeochemical cycles and the Earth's climate. ...

  17. PFRP Presentation 2010 Describes the equipment, software and procedures for the PFRP principal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    processor o Nvidia 4Mb video card o Optical Mouse · Linksys wireless router Connection The two available methods to connect to the Internet are wireless and wired. For wireless connection, search for PFRP Wireless for available

  18. Removal Action Plan for the Accelerated Retrieval Project for a Described Area within Pit 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. M. Tyson

    2006-08-01

    This Removal Action Plan documents the plan for implementation of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compenstion, and Liability Act non-time-critical removal action to be performed by the Accelerated Retrieval Project. The focus of the action is the limited excavation and retrieval of selected waste streams from a designated portion of the Radioactive Waste Management Complex Subsurface Disposal Area that are contaminated with volatile organic compounds, isotopes of uranium, or transuranic radionuclides. The selected retrieval area is approximately 0.2 ha (1/2 acre) and is located in the eastern portion of Pit 4. The proposed project is referred to as the Accelerated Retrieval Project. This Removal Action Plan details the major work elements, operations approach, and schedule, and summarizes the environmental, safety and health, and waste management considerations associated with the project.

  19. Tara O'Toole Memo to CSO describing the announcement of the DOE VPP program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In her January 26, 1994, memorandum to the Cognizant Secretarial Officers and Operations Office managers, Secretary O'Leary formally announced a new initiative, "the Department of Energy Voluntary...

  20. DATA META FILE 2006 This file describes the instrumentation, field setup, and quality control procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    DDOY - - - 4 Time (hour/minute) - - - 5 Solar radiation (K) W/m² Eppley PSP 3.7 m 6 Net radiation (Rn best measure/quality control of the climate variables to date and is subject to revision. See dates

  1. DATA META FILE 2007 This file describes the instrumentation, field setup, and quality control procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    DDOY - - - 4 Time (hour/minute) - - - 5 Solar radiation (K) W/m² Eppley PSP 3.7 m 6 Net radiation (Rn best measure/quality control of the climate variables to date and is subject to revision. See dates

  2. DATA META FILE 2009 This file describes the instrumentation, field setup, and quality control procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    measure/quality control of the climate variables to date and is subject to revision. See dates above for field sites G21 and G19: Column Variable Units Instrument *Notes 1 DDOY, decimal day of year 2 Solar radiation (K) W/m2 Eppley PSP 3.7 m 3 Net radiation (Rn) W/m2 Kipp&Zonen Components 3.7 m 4 Ground heat flux

  3. DATA META FILE 2012 This file describes the instrumentation, field setup, and quality control procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Variable Units Instrument *Notes 1 Year 2 Day 3 Hour 4 Solar radiation (K) W/m2 Eppley PSP 3.7 m 5 Reflected Solar Radiation W/m2 Eppley PSP 3.7 m 6 Incoming longwave radiation W/m2 Eppley Pyrgeometer 7 of the climate variables to date and is subject to revision. See dates above for recent updates concerning

  4. DATA META FILE 2011 This file describes the instrumentation, field setup, and quality control procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Variable Units Instrument *Notes 1 Year 2 Day 3 Hour 4 Solar radiation (K) W/m2 Eppley PSP 3.7 m 5 Reflected Solar Radiation W/m2 Eppley PSP 3.7 m 6 Incoming longwave radiation W/m2 Eppley Pyrgeometer 7 of the climate variables to date and is subject to revision. See dates above for recent updates concerning

  5. DATA META FILE 2005 This file describes the instrumentation, field setup, and quality control procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    DDOY - - - 4 Time (hour/minute) - - - 5 Solar radiation (K) W/m² Eppley PSP 3.7 m 6 Net radiation (Rn best measure/quality control of the climate variables to date and is subject to revision. See dates

  6. DATA META FILE 2008 This file describes the instrumentation, field setup, and quality control procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    measure/quality control of the climate variables to date and is subject to revision. See dates above for field sites G21 and G19: Column Variable Units Instrument *Notes 1 DDOY, decimal day of year 2 Solar radiation (K) W/m2 Eppley PSP 3.7 m 3 Net radiation (Rn) W/m2 Kipp&Zonen Components 3.7 m 4 Ground heat flux

  7. DATA META FILE 2010 This file describes the instrumentation, field setup, and quality control procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    measure/quality control of the climate variables to date and is subject to revision. See dates above for field sites G21 and G19: Column Variable Units Instrument *Notes 1 DDOY, decimal day of year 2 Solar radiation (K) W/m2 Eppley PSP 3.7 m 3 Net radiation (Rn) W/m2 Kipp&Zonen Components 3.7 m 4 Ground heat flux

  8. INTRODUCTION This report describes research funded in collaboration with NOAA's cooperative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    , air quality and visibility, and societal and economic impacts, along with cross-cutting research areas-funded CloudSat and National Park Service Air Quality Research Division activities) to allow the reader a more with the infrastructure and intellectual talent produced & used by both sides of the funded activities. The research

  9. Abstract--In this study we describe the courtship and spawning behaviors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pelamis (Goldberg and Au, 1986; Hunter et al., 1986; Schaefer, 2001b), bigeye tuna, Thunnus obe- sus

  10. INTRODUCTION The southwest Pacific has been described as a series of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Dietmar

    observations and the regional kinematic framework. Analysis of these basins has been sparse and previous & Smith 1997). We have focused on creating kinematic models for the South Fiji Basin and North Loyalty provided a driving mechanism for the opening of the Tasman Sea by means of slab pull. A jump in subduction

  11. Capacitance Resistance Model in a Control Systems Framework: A Tool for Describing and Controlling Waterflooding Reservoirs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wanderley De Holanda, Rafael

    2015-08-06

    systems framework with state-space (SS) equations and transfer functions. Systems identification is applied for history matching using only production data to characterize the reservoir, evaluating interwell connectivities, time constants and productivity...

  12. Journal of Power Sources 168 (2007) 356368 On the effectiveness of Leverett approach for describing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mench, Matthew M.

    2007-01-01

    ; Leverett; Polymer electrolyte fuel cell; Two-phase flow; Water management 1. Introduction The efficient operation of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) requires complex water management strategies [1­5] due requires a delicate balance between membrane hydration and the avoid- ance of cathode flooding. Adequate

  13. Development of a differential equation of state to describe subcritical isotherms of carbon dioxide 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontenot, Charles Edward

    1980-01-01

    Processors Association, the National Science Eoundation, the Texas Engineering Experiment Station and Texas A&&i University for providing the funds for this work The author wishes to express his sincere appreciation to Dr. K, R. Hall for his guidance... Pressures of Carbon Dioxide 28 Comparison of Predicted and Experimental Saturated Vapor Densities of Carbon Dioxide. . . . 30 Comparison of Predicted and Experimental Saturated Liquid Densities of Carbon Dioxide. . . 31 Plot of the Slope of fR...

  14. 76 PostErs EMBnet.journal 19.B An ontology describing congenital heart defects data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at birth. They are considered as the commonest cause of childhood death in developed countries. The causes as the commonest cause of childhood death in developed countries; see, e.g., the web site of the American Heart Moschopoulos1,2 , Jeroen Breckpot3 , Yves Moreau1.2 1 Department of Electrical Engineering (ESAT), STADIUS

  15. Abstract--This paper describes a spreadsheet model for estimating the impact of High Temperature Supercon-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -576-2733, e-mail:mcconnellbw@ornl.gov). J. W. Mulholland is with the Arizona Power Authority, Phoenix AZ 85007 into the grid. The output results are explicit numbers of kWh and dollars; however, the real intent

  16. between moth hearing and bat sound production. The nal chapter on sense organs (12) describes adult

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolowski, Marla

    entomological textbooks and works well in a classroom. For the researcher, it com- plements other handbooks forward to an updated edi- tion. Vonnie D. C. Shields Biological Sciences Department Towson University of copulation, the rate of offspring produc- tion, and investment in parental care, among other fundamental

  17. Number Battleship The following describes a simple game for familiarizing students with multiplication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lega, Joceline

    becomes transparent on a hundreds chart with 10 rows and 10 columns where it is represented by linear and gets a point; the target is no longer highlighted on the chart. The round is over when either all targets are captured or the remaining ammo cannot hit any more targets. The next round then ensues

  18. New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills and Reduce Carbon Pollution |of EnergyResearch andCapabilities

  19. A Prehistoric Lahar-Dammed Lake And Eruption Of Mount Pinatubo Described In

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton JumpProgram | OpenEnergyEvaluation |Island,ApproachSteam|PowerA

  20. This fact sheet describes the environmental cleanup activities the U.S. Departme

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB100 Ambrosia'1(DOE) is undertaking

  1. This fact sheet describes the repository design activities the U.S. Department o

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB100 Ambrosia'1(DOE) is undertakingrepository

  2. This fact sheet describes wetlands in and around Monticello, Utah, and what the

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the WeldonB100 Ambrosia'1(DOE) is

  3. What Started the Motion Described By Newton's Third Law? | GE Global

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentricNCubic Feet)CompletesResearch Started the

  4. HARBEC's $52,000 Annual Energy Savings under SEP Described in New Case

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancing Programs |Reference Station Design TaskHANFORD RECORDSStudy

  5. Fact sheet produced by the U.S. Department of Energy describing hydrogen safety.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order14, 20111,FYDepartment of Energy UnitedServices

  6. Model documentation: Electricity Market Module, Electricity Capacity Planning submodule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-07

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer modeling system developed by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The NEMS produces integrated forecasts for energy markets in the United States by achieving a general equilibrium solution for energy supply and demand. Currently, for each year during the period from 1990 through 2010, the NEMS describes energy supply, conversion, consumption, and pricing. The Electricity Market Module (EMM) is the electricity supply component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). The supply of electricity is a conversion activity since electricity is produced from other energy sources (e.g., fossil, nuclear, and renewable). The EMM represents the generation, transmission, and pricing of electricity. The EMM consists of four main submodules: Electricity Capacity Planning (ECP), Electricity Fuel Dispatching (EFD), Electricity Finance and Pricing (EFP), and Load and Demand-Side Management (LDSM). The ECP evaluates changes in the mix of generating capacity that are necessary to meet future demands for electricity and comply with environmental regulations. The EFD represents dispatching (i.e., operating) decisions and determines how to allocate available capacity to meet the current demand for electricity. Using investment expenditures from the ECP and operating costs from the EFD, the EFP calculates the price of electricity, accounting for state-level regulations involving the allocation of costs. The LDSM translates annual demands for electricity into distributions that describe hourly, seasonal, and time-of-day variations. These distributions are used by the EFD and the ECP to determine the quantity and types of generating capacity that are required to insure reliable and economical supplies of electricity. The EMM also represents nonutility suppliers and interregional and international transmission and trade. These activities are included in the EFD and the ECP.

  7. Alternatives to the Seesaw: Extra Z's and Constraints on Large Extra Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul Langacker

    2003-04-10

    Alternatives to the traditional grand unified theory seesaw for neutrino masses are briefly described. These include the possibility of large extra dimensions and various possibilities for models involving an extra U(1)' gauge symmetry. The difficulty of observing Majorana phases in neutrinoless double beta decay is also briefly commented on.

  8. STUDY GUIDE FOR MA 265 LINEAR ALGEBRA This study guide ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-05-09

    This study guide describes briefly the course materials to be covered in MA 265. In order to be qualified for the credit, one is expected not only to “know” these.

  9. 2011 Annual Planning Summary for Argonne Site Office (Argonne)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Annual Planning Summaries briefly describe the status of ongoing NEPA compliance activities, any EAs expected to be prepared in the next 12 months, any EISs expected to be prepared in the next 24...

  10. Review of Support Schemes for Renewable Energy Sources in South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batlle, Carlos

    This article reviews the current experiences implemented to date in the South American region to promote non-conventional renewable energy sources. We briefly describe first the particular characteristics of the territory ...

  11. Magnetic monopoles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fryberger, D.

    1984-12-01

    In this talk on magnetic monopoles, first the author briefly reviews some historical background; then, the author describes what several different types of monopoles might look like; and finally the author discusses the experimental situation. 81 references.

  12. Structures for capturing CO.sub.2, methods of making the structures, and methods of capturing CO.sub.2

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, Christopher W; Hicks, Jason C; Fauth, Daniel J; McMahan, Gray

    2012-10-30

    Briefly described, embodiments of this disclosure, among others, include carbon dioxide (CO.sub.2) sorption structures, methods of making CO.sub.2 sorption structures, and methods of using CO.sub.2 sorption structures.

  13. ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology, Paper No. 454, Vol. 42, No. 2-3, June-September 2005, pp. 21-46 SEISMIC RETROFITTING OF REINFORCED CONCRETE BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Vinay Kumar

    , Italy ABSTRACT The seismic retrofitting of reinforced concrete buildings not designed to withstand seismic action is considered. After briefly introducing how seismic action is described for design-46 SEISMIC RETROFITTING OF REINFORCED CONCRETE BUILDINGS USING TRADITIONALAND INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUES Giuseppe

  14. PURDUE UNIVERSITY STUDY GUIDE FOR MA 15800 ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    odavis

    2012-04-27

    This Study Guide describes briefly the topics to be mastered prior to attempting the ... When you are prepared for it, use the Practice Problems as a sample examination. ... View example pictures of good and bad calculators on the archived.

  15. 2010 Annual Planning Summary for Idaho Operations Office (ID)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Annual Planning Summaries briefly describe the status of ongoing NEPA compliance activities, any EAs expected to be prepared in the next 12 months, any EISs expected to be prepared in the next 24...

  16. 2010 Annual Planning Summary for Intelligence and Counterintelligence (IN)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Annual Planning Summaries briefly describe the status of ongoing NEPA compliance activities, any EAs expected to be prepared in the next 12 months, any EISs expected to be prepared in the next 24...

  17. Effectiveness of Federal Government Programs to Promote Use of Energy-Conserving Industrial Equipment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newsom, D. E.; Evans, A. R.

    1981-01-01

    Argonne National Laboratory has conducted evaluations of possible industrial energy conservation policies for the U.S. Department of Energy. This paper discusses the evaluation of policy effectiveness, briefly describing the approach taken...

  18. Materials and Chemical Sciences Division annual report, 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-07-01

    Research programs from Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory in materials science, chemical science, nuclear science, fossil energy, energy storage, health and environmental sciences, program development funds, and work for others is briefly described. (CBS)

  19. Hazardous materials in Aquatic environments of the Mississippi River basin. Quarterly project status report, 1 January 1994--30 March 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdelghani, A.

    1994-06-01

    Projects associated with this grant for studying hazardous materials in aquatic environments of the Mississippi River Basin are reviewed and goals, progress and research results are discussed. New, one-year initiation projects are described briefly.

  20. 0{nu}{beta}{beta}: The experimental challenge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferroni, Fernando [Sapienza Universita' and INFN Sezione di Roma, Roma I-00185 (Italy)

    2010-11-24

    This paper describes the main experimental issues related to neutrinoless double beta decay searches. It discusses, although briefly, the past, present and future of this exciting, fundamental but extremely complex field of research.

  1. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis cv. Cindy (Cultivated) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beverly Thompson

    2011-08-10

    Argonne National Laboratory has conducted evaluations of possible industrial energy conservation policies for the U.S. Department of Energy. This paper discusses the evaluation of policy effectiveness, briefly describing the approach taken...

  2. Nuclear matrix elements for double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vadim Rodin

    2009-10-30

    The present status of calculations of the nuclear matrix elements for neutrinoless double beta decay is reviewed. A proposal which allows in principle to measure the neutrinoless double beta decay Fermi matrix element is briefly described.

  3. An overview of software safety standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawrence, J.D.

    1995-10-01

    The writing of standards for software safety is an increasingly important activity. This essay briefly describes the two primary standards-writing organizations, IEEE and IEC, and provides a discussion of some of the more interesting software safety standards.

  4. Global implications of Rapid: an international system facilitating inexpensive resource sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leon, Lars

    2008-09-29

    This paper will briefly describe the Rapid system which facilitates interlending of articles between libraries, and obtaining articles from document suppliers, and open access journals. A basic description of how the system works along...

  5. Development of finite-difference equations for variance of neutron fluxes in reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laletin, N. I., E-mail: nil@adis.vver.kiae.ri; Kovalishin, A. A., E-mail: kaa@adis.vver.kiae.ri [Russian Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

    2010-12-15

    Different sources-methodical, constant, and technological-are discussed for uncertainties in calculation functionals. The basic principles of three methods used in calculations of uncertainties are briefly described.

  6. Advective Flow Paradigm And Microquasar GRS1915+105

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandip K. Chakrabarti

    2000-12-29

    Advective accretion disks and winds are the most self-consistent solutions today. We describe this paradigm briefly and show how it attempts to explain some of the interesting observations of the galactic microquasar GRS1915+105.

  7. Description of the Earth system model of intermediate complexity LOVECLIM version 1.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goosse, H.

    The main characteristics of the new version 1.2 of the three-dimensional Earth system model of intermediate complexity LOVECLIM are briefly described. LOVECLIM 1.2 includes representations of the atmosphere, the ocean and ...

  8. George L. Trager’s Field Notes on the Prekmurje Dialect Spoken in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Marc L.

    2014-01-01

    The paper briefly describes a collection of field notes on the Prekmurje dialect as spoken by immigrants to the Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania, which were collected in 1941 by the renowned American structural linguist George ...

  9. 2010 Annual Planning Summary for Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (CRWM)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Annual Planning Summaries briefly describe the status of ongoing NEPA compliance activities, any EAs expected to be prepared in the next 12 months, any EISs expected to be prepared in the next 24...

  10. 2010 Annual Planning Summary for Kansas City Site Office (KCSO)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Annual Planning Summaries briefly describe the status of ongoing NEPA compliance activities, any EAs expected to be prepared in the next 12 months, any EISs expected to be prepared in the next 24...

  11. Construction, Pattern Recognition and Performance of the CLEO III LiF-TEA RICH Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Artuso; R. Ayad; K. Bukin; A. Efimov; C. Boulahouache; E. Dambasuren; S. Kopp; R. Mountain; G. Majumder; S. Schuh; T. Skwarnicki; S. Stone; G. Viehhauser; J. C. Wang; T. E. Coan; V. Fadeyev; Y. Maravin; I. Volobouev; J. Ye; S. Anderson; Y. Kubota; A. Smith

    2002-09-13

    We briefly describe the design, construction and performance of the LiF-Tea RICH detector built to identify charged particles in the CLEO III experiment. Excellent pion/kaon separation is demonstrated.

  12. Construction, Pattern Recognition and Performance of the CLEO III LiF-TEA RICH Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Artuso, M; Bukin, K; Efimov, A; Boulahouache, C; Dambasuren, E; Kopp, S E; Mountain, R; Majumder, G; Schuh, S; Skwarnicki, T; Stone, S; Viehhauser, G; Wang, J C; Coan, T E; Fadeev, V; Maravin, Y; Volobuev, I P; Ye, J; Anderson, S; Kubota, Y; Smith, A

    2003-01-01

    We briefly describe the design, construction and performance of the LiF-Tea RICH detector built to identify charged particles in the CLEO III experiment. Excellent pion/kaon separation is demonstrated.

  13. Multiuser development scenario for ICF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hogan, W.J.

    1985-10-01

    An outline is given of some of the various possible applications of ICF technology. Developmental paths for each application are briefly described. The implications on design and operation of the ICF facilities if multipurpose use is allowed are examined. (MOW)

  14. Modeling of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of nitric oxide with ammonia using four modern catalysts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Giriraj

    2005-11-01

    values of the SCR process parameters, namely temperature, inlet oxygen concentration and inlet ammonia concentration. The NOx emission, its formation and control methods are discussed briefly and then the fundamentals of the SCR process are described...

  15. "The Voyager Mission to the Outer Planets and Interstellar Space...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    plasma and magnetic fields from the Sun and plasma and magnetic fields from our galaxy. In this talk, I will briefly describe the history of the mission and present a few...

  16. Failure to Connect: The Massachusetts Plan for Individual Health Insurance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weeks Leonard, Elizabeth

    2007-06-01

    This article briefly describes the key features of the Massachusetts Health Care Reform Act, focusing particularly on the Connector. It then offers preliminary thoughts on the expected effect of that mechanism for creating ...

  17. Prediction of plane strain fracture of AHSS sheets with post-initiation softening

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yaning

    In this investigation, the three-parameter Modified Mohr–Coulomb (MMC) fracture model and the determination of the material parameters are briefly described. The formulation of the post-initiation behavior is proposed by ...

  18. D E P A R T M E N T O F M A T H E M A T I C A L S C I E N C E S U N I V E R S I T Y O F D E L A W A R E N E W A R K , D E P H O N E 3 0 2 -8 3 1 -1 4 6 7 F A X 3 0 2 -8 3 1 -4 5 1 1 E -M A I L P E L E S K O @ M A T H . U D E L . E D U

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taufer, Michela

    and function of microelectromechanical and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS). 1997 - 1999 studying a variety of problems related to the design and function of microelectromechanical and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS and NEMS). 1999 - 2002 Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA Assistant

  19. Rank Overall Score Grant Reference Lead / Sole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shining light on shale: geomechanics and 4D fracture characterization Standard Grant JAN14 7 8 NE/M003507

  20. Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

    2006-01-01

    Central Area Reliability Coordination Council EMM region Electricity Capacity Planning submodule of NEMS Energy Efficiency and Renewable

  1. Model documentation: Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model of the National Energy Modeling System; Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1994-02-24

    The Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model (NGTDM) is a component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to represent the domestic natural gas transmission and distribution system. NEMS is the third in a series of computer-based, midterm energy modeling systems used since 1974 by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) and its predecessor, the Federal Energy Administration, to analyze domestic energy-economy markets and develop projections. This report documents the archived version of NGTDM that was used to produce the natural gas forecasts used in support of the Annual Energy Outlook 1994, DOE/EIA-0383(94). The purpose of this report is to provide a reference document for model analysts, users, and the public that defines the objectives of the model, describes its basic design, provides detail on the methodology employed, and describes the model inputs, outputs, and key assumptions. It is intended to fulfill the legal obligation of the EIA to provide adequate documentation in support of its models (Public Law 94-385, Section 57.b.2). This report represents Volume 1 of a two-volume set. (Volume 2 will report on model performance, detailing convergence criteria and properties, results of sensitivity testing, comparison of model outputs with the literature and/or other model results, and major unresolved issues.) Subsequent chapters of this report provide: (1) an overview of the NGTDM (Chapter 2); (2) a description of the interface between the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) and the NGTDM (Chapter 3); (3) an overview of the solution methodology of the NGTDM (Chapter 4); (4) the solution methodology for the Annual Flow Module (Chapter 5); (5) the solution methodology for the Distributor Tariff Module (Chapter 6); (6) the solution methodology for the Capacity Expansion Module (Chapter 7); (7) the solution methodology for the Pipeline Tariff Module (Chapter 8); and (8) a description of model assumptions, inputs, and outputs (Chapter 9).

  2. Contraction and stability analysis of steady-states for open quantum systems described by Lindblad differential equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierre Rouchon; Alain Sarlette

    2013-02-27

    For discrete-time systems, governed by Kraus maps, the work of D. Petz has characterized the set of universal contraction metrics. In the present paper, we use this characterization to derive a set of quadratic Lyapunov functions for continuous-time systems, governed by Lindblad differential equations, that have a steady-state with full rank. An extremity of this set is given by the Bures metric, for which the quadratic Lyapunov function is obtained by inverting a Sylvester equation. We illustrate the method by providing a strict Lyapunov function for a Lindblad equation designed to stabilize a quantum electrodynamic "cat" state by reservoir engineering. In fact we prove that any Lindblad equation on the Hilbert space of the (truncated) harmonic oscillator, which has a full-rank equilibrium and which has, among its decoherence channels, a channel corresponding to the photon loss operator, globally converges to that equilibrium.

  3. Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma in the upper lip: a well-described but infrequently recognized tumor.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreu-Barasoain, Marta; Vicente-Martin, Javier; Gomez de la Fuente, Enrique; Salamanca-Santamaria, Javier; Pampin-Franco, Ana; Lopez-Estebaranz, Jose Luiz

    2013-01-01

    Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma of the head and neck.Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma. Arch Otolaryngol Head

  4. Developing a decision model to describe levels of self-directedness based upon the key assumptions of andragogy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Lance Jonathan

    2005-11-01

    As workplace demands change, a need has developed for alternatives to traditional education. With advancements in electronic telecommunication technologies, distance education has become a viable alternative to traditional ...

  5. In this paper a software package offering a means of simulating complex water distribution systems is described. It has been

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bargiela, Andrzej

    techniques in solving problems like meter placement or leakage diagnosis are also given and supported is forced to resort to deliberate closing of valves to simulate blocked pipes or opening of hydrants to simulate leakages (Carpentier and Cohen 1993). Although such experiments can be very useful to confirm

  6. Swimming by cetaceans is described as a highly derived locomotor behavior in which the caudal flukes act as a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, Frank

    for the odontocete cetaceans Delphinapterus leucas, Orcinus orca, Pseudorca crassidens and Tursiops truncatus

  7. 8. SLOWING-DOWNIN NON-CIRCULARTOKAMAKS To fully describe the collisional slowing-down of fast ions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hively, Lee M.

    ions in non-circular tokamaks, the formulation of Chapter 7 has been extended to include large banana of large energy transfer (LET) interactions has been modeled by the multi-groupmethod [78-80J). Ohnishi et al. [35J examined alpha losses to the first wall during slowing down and pitch-angle scattering

  8. Abstract--The current paper describes one-dimensional cutting stock model for joinery manufacturing. The joinery elements differ in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borissova, Daniela

    in the production planning of many industries such as the metallurgy, plastics, paper, glass, furniture, textile

  9. This is the documentation for the database used to train the neural network models, as described in chapter 8.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    % Column 13 Nitrogen wt% Column 14 Carbon wt% Column 15 Boron wt% Column 16 Phosphorus wt% Column 17 References 1. The British Steelmakers Creep Committee: BSCC High Temperature Data. Technical report, The Iron and Steel Institute, 1973. 2. Datasheets 16B, 33A and 38A from the National Research Institute for Metals

  10. Long-term monitoring data to describe the fate of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Deepwater Horizon oil submerged off

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clement, Prabhakar

    Clement Environmental Engineering Program, Department of Civil Engineering, Auburn University, AL 36849 The 2010 Deepwater Horizon (DWH) catastrophe had considerable impact on the 50 km long sandy beach sys- tem over the open ocean system in the Gulf of Mexico. Light PAHs, such as naphthalenes, were fully depleted

  11. PHYSICS EDUCATION RESEARCH SECTION The Physics Education Research Section (PERS) publishes articles describing important results from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koehl, Mimi

    of junior-level electricity and magnetism Stephanie V. Chasteen and Steven J. Pollock Science Education to learn physics as a major: upper-division Electricity & Magnetism I (E&M I). While physics educationPHYSICS EDUCATION RESEARCH SECTION The Physics Education Research Section (PERS) publishes articles

  12. Analytical methods for describing charged particle dynamics in general focusing lattices using generalized Courant-Snyder theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong Qin; Ronald C. Davidson; J. W. Burby; Moses Chung

    2015-04-16

    The dynamics of charged particles in general linear focusing lattices with quadrupole, skew-quadrupole, dipole, and solenoidal components, as well as torsion of the fiducial orbit and variation of beam energy is parameterized using a generalized Courant-Snyder (CS) theory, which extends the original CS theory for one degree of freedom to higher dimensions. The envelope function is generalized into an envelope matrix, and the phase advance is generalized into a 4D symplectic rotation, or an U(2) element. The 1D envelope equation, also known as the Ermakov-Milne-Pinney equation in quantum mechanics, is generalized to an envelope matrix equation in higher dimensions. Other components of the original CS theory, such as the transfer matrix, Twiss functions, and CS invariant (also known as the Lewis invariant) all have their counterparts, with remarkably similar expressions, in the generalized theory. The gauge group structure of the generalized theory is analyzed. By fixing the gauge freedom with a desired symmetry, the generalized CS parameterization assumes the form of the modified Iwasawa decomposition, whose importance in phase space optics and phase space quantum mechanics has been recently realized. This gauge fixing also symmetrizes the generalized envelope equation and express the theory using only the generalized Twiss function \\beta.The generalized phase advance completely determines the spectral and structural stability properties of a general focusing lattice. For structural stability, the generalized CS theory enables application of the Krein-Moser theory to greatly simplify the stability analysis. The generalized CS theory provides an effective tool to study coupled dynamics and to discover more optimized lattice design in the larger parameter space of general focusing lattices.

  13. Practice Questions for Exam 3 Math 231 1. Describe/sketch the region whose area is given by the integral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Brian

    by the integral 2 2sin 0 0 rdrd . 2. Write ( , ) R f x y dA as an iterated integral where R is the region shown below and f is an arbitrary continuous function on R. 3. Rewrite the integral 2 11 1 1 0 ( , , ) y x f x y z dzdydx as an iterated integral in order dxdydz . 4. Find the mass of the plane lamina

  14. Cogeneration and Distributed Generation1 This appendix describes cogeneration and distributed generating resources. Also provided is an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Stirling engines. This section concludes with a description of the cost and performance of several proposed. Stirling engines, though not yet commercial may even. These include small steam-electric plants, gas turbines, reciprocating engines, fuel cells, microturbines

  15. Bubble Density Dependent Functionals to Describe Deformation and Stress Equilibrium Evolution for In-Reactor Nuclear Fuel Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stout, Ray B.

    2008-07-01

    Future designs of nuclear fuels require an increased understanding of fission gas bubble density evolution. Derivations will be provided for a generic Boltzmann bubble density evolution equation, a bubble density deformation field equation, and a Cauchy stress/bubble-pressure equilibrium equation. (author)

  16. In this effort, we describe a face database obtained by using an involved acquisition system for the collection of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abidi, Mongi A.

    relies heavily on illumination. Thermal IR imagery, being a representation of the radiated thermal energy when involving multi-band visible and thermal information. The database has applications/monochromatic image, one thermal image and the spectral distribution of the illumination of the scene. The complete

  17. "Right-to-Know" is a generic term describing an employee's legal right to obtain information about

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    resource locations. Containers of hazardous materials must be LABELED with the identity, hazard warnings the hazards of chemical substances used on the job, and the precautions necessary to safely work to communicate this information to affected employees. The regulation is logically named "Hazard Communication

  18. These guidelines describe Nature's standards for experimental methods and characterization of new compounds. Please provide adequate data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napp, Nils

    characterization data: m.p.: 100­102 °C (lit.ref 99­101 °C); TLC (CHCl3:MeOH, 98:2 v/v): RF=0.23; []D 20 (deg cm3 g

  19. Abstract--The robot described in this paper, SUE (Supinator Extender), adds forearm/wrist rehabilitation functionality to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bobrow, James E.

    /wrist rehabilitation functionality to the UCI BONES exoskeleton robot and to the ArmeoSpring rehabilitation device. SUE for rehabilitation therapy while remaining lightweight enough to be carried by BONES and ArmeoSpring. Each degree is that a rehabilitation robot must fit around the human wrist. The robotic joints and links must physically avoid

  20. The use of a macroscopic formulation describing the effects of dynamic compaction and porosity on plasma sprayed copper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arrigoni, M.; Boustie, M. [Laboratoire de Combustion et de Detonique (LCD UPR CNRS 9028), ENSMA, BP 40109, 86961 Futuroscope Chasseneuil Cedex (France); Bolis, C.; Berthe, L. [Laboratoire d'Application des Lasers de Puissance (LALP UPR CNRS 1576), 16 bis Av Prieur de la Cote d'Or, 94114 Arcueil Cedex (France); Barradas, S.; Jeandin, M. [Ecole des Mines de Paris/C2P-Centre de Projection Plasma, BP 87, 91003 Evry Cedex (France)

    2008-04-15

    Coatings processed by thermal deposition techniques involve porosity. The Laser adhesion test developed for testing bond strength of a coating on its substrate requires a good knowledge of shock wave propagation in such media. Experiments carried out on plasma sprayed copper samples, about 14% porous, with velocity interferometer system for any reflector measurements display the discrepancy of previously used models. Hence, a one-dimensional formulation of the compaction process, based on a simple P-{alpha} model, is proposed to improve the correlation between experimental and computed data signals obtained on a plasma sprayed copper under dynamic loading. Besides, this improvement allows the estimation of the bond strength of a plasma sprayed copper on aluminum substrate.

  1. J. Nat. Resour. Life Sci. Educ., Vol. 34 2005 83 We describe our pedagogical approaches and experiences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - ergy, biomass feedstocks for industrial processes). Secondly, the emerging definition of agroecology

  2. This annex describes which file format types are valid for each form or function in the import and export processes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrahams, I. David

    and export processes. Import MS MS Delimited XML Excel Access RAE2001 text EN RM RTF Research and export formats #12;Export MS MS Delimited XML Excel Access RAE2001 text EN RM RTF Research

  3. Abstract --We describe the core components of a mobile RFID system, and they include components such as mobile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    there are several kinds of mobile RFID readers in the market, we will propose specially designed mobile RFID scenario, and, code resolution mechanism. We will analyze the characteristics of the proposed technologies are designed in the WIPI C API: They are reader control, tag control, buffer control and filter control

  4. he building that houses the Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research can be described as transparent,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zandstra, Peter W.

    T he building that houses the Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research can faculty. Each of the new recruits, along with other researchers in the building, have started new towards the glass wall of the building to the expansive and unobstructed view of the skyline and the city

  5. 2.4 CONTINUUM MECHANICS (SOLIDS) In this introduction to continuum mechanics we consider the basic equations describing the physical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    243 §2.4 CONTINUUM MECHANICS (SOLIDS) In this introduction to continuum mechanics we consider to simplify the constitutive equations for elasticity. We begin our study of continuum mechanics

  6. 978-1-4799-2722-7/13/$31.00 2013 IEEE Abstract--This paper describes the design and experimental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    stiffness and precision of conventional parallel-platform manipulators (PPMs) with the larger workspaces motions necessary for drilling and screw mating, and a coaxial channel through which wires and tubes can

  7. Net Zero Design Yields Positive Results "Net zero" is used to describe a building designed to provide as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    . Its two buildings produce enough energy from renewable sources (including a solar panel system features - such as water and energy efficiency, and environmentally friendly materials. Building 2101, designed to be 57% more energy efficient than the typical office building. Two other NASA facilities

  8. Facilities and Equipment Available to the Project [Please modify by targeting to the funding opportunity, e.g., describe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    uninterruptible power distribution and generator. At the core of this fabric we have over 1 Tbps switching

  9. Abstract We describe the preliminary optimal design of an electromechanical above-knee active prosthesis with energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Dan

    prosthesis with energy storage and regeneration. A DC motor-generator applies a positive or negative torque to the knee. The control system regulates the exchange of energy between the motor-generator and a supercapacitor. The central idea of the design is motivated by the mechanics, energy management, and sensor

  10. Predictions for a Distributed Parameter Model Describing the Hepatic Processing of 2,3,7,8TCDD \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the chemical compound 2,3,7,8­tetrachlorodibenzo­p­dioxin (TCDD or dioxin) has previously been reported [1 parameter models, pharmacokinetic models, 2,3,7,8­ tetrachlorodibenzo­p­dioxin, liver transport models developed to de­ scribe the uptake and elimination of the environmental toxin 2,3,7,8­tetrachlorodibenzo­p­dioxin

  11. Abstract--This paper describes the design and operation of the Multi-Axis Cartesian-based Arm Rehabilitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mounted on the end-effector provides force measurement. Given its relatively simple architecture rehabilitation has the potential for generating huge cost savings for the health care industry, increasing of limb motion within the context of whole body movements; 2) structural efficiency which results in high

  12. Abstract Though cerebral white matter injury is a fre-quently described phenomenon in aging and dementia, the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laidlaw, David

    are often associated with cerebrovascular risk factors, ischemia emerges as a poten- tial condition. Finally, vacuolization and irregular myelin sheaths were observed at the ultrastructural level in the optic tract. In summary, the rat optic tract appears to be particularly vulnerable to ischemia, probably

  13. Analytical methods for describing charged particle dynamics in general focusing lattices using generalized Courant-Snyder theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qin, Hong; Davidson, Ronald C.; Burby, Joshua W.; Chung, Moses

    2014-04-08

    The dynamics of charged particles in general linear focusing lattices with quadrupole, skew-quadrupole, dipole, and solenoidal components, as well as torsion of the fiducial orbit and variation of beam energy is parametrized using a generalized Courant-Snyder (CS) theory, which extends the original CS theory for one degree of freedom to higher dimensions. The envelope function is generalized into an envelope matrix, and the phase advance is generalized into a 4D symplectic rotation, or a Uð2Þ element. The 1D envelope equation, also known as the Ermakov-Milne-Pinney equation in quantum mechanics, is generalized to an envelope matrix equation in higher dimensions. Other components of the original CS theory, such as the transfer matrix, Twiss functions, and CS invariant (also known as the Lewis invariant) all have their counterparts, with remarkably similar expressions, in the generalized theory. The gauge group structure of the generalized theory is analyzed. By fixing the gauge freedom with a desired symmetry, the generalized CS parametrization assumes the form of the modified Iwasawa decomposition, whose importance in phase space optics and phase space quantum mechanics has been recently realized. This gauge fixing also symmetrizes the generalized envelope equation and expresses the theory using only the generalized Twiss function ?. The generalized phase advance completely determines the spectral and structural stability properties of a general focusing lattice. For structural stability, the generalized CS theory enables application of the Krein-Moser theory to greatly simplify the stability analysis. The generalized CS theory provides an effective tool to study coupled dynamics and to discover more optimized lattice designs in the larger parameter space of general focusing lattices.

  14. 560 | VOL.7 NO.7 | JULY2010 | nAture methods We developed a computational imaging approach that describes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    experiments, allowing construction of a standardized cell model. We detected subtle changes in steady apparatus, endosomes and tubular-vesicular transport carriers, connected by multiple routes. Many studies have highlighted the complexity of transport pathways that permit constant exchange between

  15. COBVIS-D: A Computer Vision System for Describing the Cephalo-Ocular Behavior of Drivers in a Driving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beauchemin, Steven S.

    Science, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada, N6A 5B7 2 Centre de recherche informatique de Montréal, 550, rue Sherbrooke Est, Bureau 100, Montréal, QC, Canada, H3A 1B9 3 Department of Electrical sources do not spoil the sense of immersion and provide enough intensity for the vision algorithms to work

  16. 366 | VOL.12 NO.4 | APRIL2015 | nAture methods We describe a predictive imaging modality created by `fusing'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    an unprecedented level of information acquisition, fueled by technological advancements that deliver enormous of information on the molecular processes taking place in living cells1,2. Each imaging technology has its own created by `fusing' two distinct technologies: imaging mass spectrometry (ims) and microscopy. ims

  17. Abstract--We consider the problem of gathering data for evaluation of given hypotheses, and describe a method for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fink, Eugene

    the task of a business analyst who is observing a small pharmaceutical company and trying to infer the plans of its management. The company has recently advertised a new medication and announced that its knowledge gained from her friends in pharmaceutical industry. We have recently published a heuristic

  18. A new predictive dynamic model describing the effect of1 the ambient temperature and the convective heat transfer2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and the convective heat transfer2 coefficient on bacterial growth3 4 H. Ben Yaghlenea,b* , I. Leguerinela , M. Hamdib Ratkowsky "square root" model and a simplified two-parameter20 heat transfer model regarding an infinite air temperature, the convective heat transfer22 coefficient and the growth parameters of the micro

  19. The term Tulloch ditching is being used to de-scribe the practice of digging drainage ditches in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carolina. The Corps field office staff had determined the project would re- sult in only very small, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resources Management, under the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 of Columbia). The American Mining Congress sued the Corps claiming that regula- tion of fallback exceeded

  20. Abstract--In this paper we describe the experimental work and present an algorithm for vehicle detection using sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varaiya, Pravin

    sensors offer the flexibility advantage, but just like any portable device, the limit of the energy source of the energy source for transmission and re). This adaptive algorithm first computes the time-domain energy distribution curve and then slices the energy

  1. DRAFT: For publication in Water Science & Technology, 37(4): 231-234 A Conceptual Model Describing Macromolecule

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    polycarbonate filter), has been reported to comprise more than 75% of the total amino acids in wastewater). In this study we analyze and summarize recent studies we conducted in order to understand the fate

  2. Experimental and computational investigation of end-milling and development of a simulation model describing the machining process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aristomenis, Antoniadis

    products quality. On the other hand the automation technology adopted in the industrial production of appropriate monitoring techniques during the machining (on-line), ensuring in this way high product quality Technical University of Crete Department of Production Engineering & Management Chania, Crete, 73100 Greece

  3. Final Conservation Billing Credit Policy Supplement Background and Need: This Conservation Billing Credit Policy Supplement describes how Bonneville

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article) | SciTechSubmittedEcologist Final Site-Wide

  4. Transportation Sector Model of the National Energy Modeling System. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-01-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Transportation Model (TRAN). The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated by the model. The NEMS Transportation Model comprises a series of semi-independent models which address different aspects of the transportation sector. The primary purpose of this model is to provide mid-term forecasts of transportation energy demand by fuel type including, but not limited to, motor gasoline, distillate, jet fuel, and alternative fuels (such as CNG) not commonly associated with transportation. The current NEMS forecast horizon extends to the year 2010 and uses 1990 as the base year. Forecasts are generated through the separate consideration of energy consumption within the various modes of transport, including: private and fleet light-duty vehicles; aircraft; marine, rail, and truck freight; and various modes with minor overall impacts, such as mass transit and recreational boating. This approach is useful in assessing the impacts of policy initiatives, legislative mandates which affect individual modes of travel, and technological developments. The model also provides forecasts of selected intermediate values which are generated in order to determine energy consumption. These elements include estimates of passenger travel demand by automobile, air, or mass transit; estimates of the efficiency with which that demand is met; projections of vehicle stocks and the penetration of new technologies; and estimates of the demand for freight transport which are linked to forecasts of industrial output. Following the estimation of energy demand, TRAN produces forecasts of vehicular emissions of the following pollutants by source: oxides of sulfur, oxides of nitrogen, total carbon, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and volatile organic compounds.

  5. Issues in midterm analysis and forecasting 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-07-01

    Issues in Midterm Analysis and Forecasting 1998 (Issues) presents a series of nine papers covering topics in analysis and modeling that underlie the Annual Energy Outlook 1998 (AEO98), as well as other significant issues in midterm energy markets. AEO98, DOE/EIA-0383(98), published in December 1997, presents national forecasts of energy production, demand, imports, and prices through the year 2020 for five cases -- a reference case and four additional cases that assume higher and lower economic growth and higher and lower world oil prices than in the reference case. The forecasts were prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), using EIA`s National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). The papers included in Issues describe underlying analyses for the projections in AEO98 and the forthcoming Annual Energy Outlook 1999 and for other products of EIA`s Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting. Their purpose is to provide public access to analytical work done in preparation for the midterm projections and other unpublished analyses. Specific topics were chosen for their relevance to current energy issues or to highlight modeling activities in NEMS. 59 figs., 44 tabs.

  6. APEC Smart Grid Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloyd, Cary N.

    2012-03-01

    This brief paper describes the activities of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Smart Grid Initiative (ASGI) which is being led by the U.S. and developed by the APEC Energy Working Group. In the paper, I describe the origin of the initiative and briefly mention the four major elements of the initiative along with existing APEC projects which support it.

  7. Second generation PFBC systems research and development: Phase 2, Topping combustor testing at UTSI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johanson, N.R.; Foote, J.P.

    1992-12-01

    This report describes a second generation pressurized fluidized bed combustion (PFBC) power plant. The topping combustor testing is briefly described. The topping combustor burns low BTU gas produced from substoichiometric combustion of coal in a pressurized carbonizer. Char produced is burned in a PFBC.

  8. Second generation PFBC systems research and development: Phase 2, Topping combustor testing at UTSI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johanson, N.R.; Foote, J.P.

    1992-01-01

    This report describes a second generation pressurized fluidized bed combustion (PFBC) power plant. The topping combustor testing is briefly described. The topping combustor burns low BTU gas produced from substoichiometric combustion of coal in a pressurized carbonizer. Char produced is burned in a PFBC.

  9. Temperature standards, what and where: resources for effective temperature measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnston, W.W. Jr.

    1982-01-01

    Many standards have been published to describe devices, methods, and other topics. How they are developed and by whom are briefly described, and an attempt is made to extract most of those relating to temperature measurements. A directory of temperature standards and their sources is provided.

  10. Portuguese research program on nuclear fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Varandas, C.A.F.; Cabral, J.A.C.; Manso, M.E.

    1994-12-01

    The Portuguese research program on nuclear fusion is presented. The experimental activity associated with the tokamak ISTTOK as well as the work carried out in the frame of international collaboration are summarized. The main technological features of ISTTOK are described along with studies on microwave reflectometry. Future plans are briefly described.

  11. International Opportunities Fund -Pump Priming grants call -April 2014 Rank Reference Grant Holder Project Title Excellence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to illuminate mesoscale physical-biological interactions off the coast of Oman 7 4 9 NE/M005836/1 Prof Euan

  12. Projected Benefits of Federal Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Programs - FY 2004 – FY2020

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2004-04-01

    This report features results and data based on the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) model, as well as EERE's benefits and Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) guidance.

  13. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01

    the influence of the electricity rates on the NEM- PV values aggressively-tiered electricity rates, under which thethe applicable electricity rates (tariffs); in California,

  14. Nano is very small We operate machines all day. The alarm clock that wakes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lifshitz, Ron

    . NEMS are not simply smaller than MEMS---they are as small as it gets. As a consequence the holy grails

  15. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience-- Technical Appendix: Market Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grayson Heffner, Charles Goldman, Kintner-Meyer, M; Kirby, Brendan

    2007-01-01

    of a Mature Isolated Market Design, presented by Charlie2 A.2 NEM Market Design and49 C.2 Market Design and

  16. Instituto Superior Tecnico Departamento de Matematica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cannas da Silva, Ana

    elementos de consulta nem de mâ??aquinas calculadoras. â?? E permitida a utilizaâ?ºcâ?ao de papel de rascunho

  17. Instituto Superior Tecnico Departamento de Matematica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cannas da Silva, Ana

    elementos de consulta nem de m´aquinas calculadoras. ´E permitida a utiliza¸c~ao de papel de rascunho

  18. Instituto Superior Tecnico Departamento de Matematica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cannas da Silva, Ana

    quaisquer elementos de consulta nem de m´aquinas calculadoras. ´E permitida a utiliza¸c~ao de papel de

  19. Instituto Superior Tecnico Departamento de Matematica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cannas da Silva, Ana

    repartida. · N~ao ´e permitida a utiliza¸c~ao de quaisquer elementos de consulta nem de m´aquinas

  20. Instituto Superior Tecnico Departamento de Matematica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cannas da Silva, Ana

    quaisquer elementos de consulta nem de mâ??aquinas calculadoras. â?? E permitida a utilizaâ?ºcâ?ao de papel de

  1. Instituto Superior Tecnico Departamento de Matematica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cannas da Silva, Ana

    â??alculos. . Nâ?ao â??e permitida a utilizaâ?ºcâ?ao de quaisquer elementos de consulta nem de mâ??aquinas calculadoras

  2. Electromechanical modulation of electrical conduction through organic thin films for switching applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niroui, Farnaz

    2013-01-01

    Nanoelectromechanical (NEM) switches exhibit abrupt switching behavior and near-zero leakage current making them promising alternatives to conventional semiconductor switches. However, they require high actuation voltages ...

  3. AS TEORIAS RIVAIS SOBRE A PROPRIEDADE INTELECTUAL NO BRASIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timm, Luciano Benetti; Caovilla, Renato

    2009-01-01

    e antigas (ou nem tão antigas) tecnologias são superadaspor novas tecnologias. Trata-se da idéia “schumpeteriana” dee desenvolvimento em novas tecnologias. Com efeito, o mesmo

  4. Analysis & Projections - U.S. Energy Information Administration...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (CDM), which are major components of NEMS that project energy consumption for marketed energy sources plus distributed solar and geothermal energy. Both the RDM and CDM include...

  5. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Renewable Generation in California: Coordination Challenges in Time and Space."space with NEM. These upcoming initiatives are the Feed-in Tariff (FIT) and the Renewable

  6. Modeling Interregional Transmission Congestion in the National Energy Modeling System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Lesieutre, Bernard; Marnay, Chris; Wang, Juan

    2006-01-01

    NEMS does not track electricity transmission within regions,international electricity transmission with Canada andwhen solving for electricity transmission, the coal plants

  7. Modeling of battery energy storage in the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swaminathan, S.; Flynn, W.T.; Sen, R.K.

    1997-12-01

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) developed by the U.S. Department of Energy`s Energy Information Administration is a well-recognized model that is used to project the potential impact of new electric generation technologies. The NEMS model does not presently have the capability to model energy storage on the national grid. The scope of this study was to assess the feasibility of, and make recommendations for, the modeling of battery energy storage systems in the Electricity Market of the NEMS. Incorporating storage within the NEMS will allow the national benefits of storage technologies to be evaluated.

  8. South Dakota geothermal handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01

    The sources of geothermal fluids in South Dakota are described and some of the problems that exist in utilization and materials selection are described. Methods of heat extraction and the environmental concerns that accompany geothermal fluid development are briefly described. Governmental rules, regulations and legislation are explained. The time and steps necessary to bring about the development of the geothermal resource are explained in detail. Some of the federal incentives that encourage the use of geothermal energy are summarized. (MHR)

  9. Technical Notes TECHNICAL NOTES are short manuscripts describing new developments or important results of a preliminary nature. These Notes should not exceed 2500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Lyon B.

    -power bismuth Hall thruster would require only enough pumping speed to keep up with facility outgassing isolator (not shown) followed by a solenoid valve. The valve is closed when running on bismuth to prevent

  10. The management program at Stetson University is anchored in the behavioral and social sciences and might best be described as an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    and strategic management, entrepreneurship, venture capital studies Robert Boozer, D.B.A., Mississippi State politics Jon Carrick, Ph.D., University of Edinburgh; strategic management, international business Nick and strategic management, cross-cultural management, short-term study abroad programs Grant-funded research

  11. Installing and Using VMWare View Client for Windows This document describes how to get up and running with View if you use a Windows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    to carry out the installation steps once per device. 1. Go to VMWare View and download the relevant install will need to delete and re type. #12;4 3. Once you have clicked Connect, you will be prompted to enter your defaults, such as your Outlook signature, any Internet browser favourites etc. These will be saved

  12. Technical Notes TECHNICAL NOTES are short manuscripts describing new developments or important results of a preliminary nature. These Notes should not exceed 2500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .2514/1.28595 Nomenclature B, B = magnetic induction, T I = discharge current, A Isp = specific impulse, s _m = flow rate for magnetic pole pieces and heat shields. This makes it difficult to arrive at an optimal magnetic field, sccm P = discharge power, W V = discharge voltage, V e = magnetic moment, J=T I. Introduction RECENT

  13. Off-shell extrapolation of Regge-model NN scattering amplitudes describing final state interactions in 2H(e,e'p)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ford, William Paul; van Orden, Wally

    2013-11-01

    In this work, an off-shell extrapolation is proposed for the Regge-model NN amplitudes presented in a paper by Ford and Van Orden [ Phys. Rev. C 87 014004 (2013)] and in an eprint by Ford (arXiv:1310.0871 [nucl-th]). The prescriptions for extrapolating these amplitudes for one nucleon off-shell in the initial state are presented. Application of these amplitudes to calculations of deuteron electrodisintegration are presented and compared to the limited available precision data in the kinematical region covered by the Regge model.

  14. Minerals Use in Safety Applications in the Workplace Many of the applications described below are found in and around the U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    communications equipment, including computers and cell phones, as well as in gallium-based solar cells that power that provide power to emergency lighting fixtures and backup power to medical equipment. #12;2 Cement. Copper--Copper wiring provides power for emergency lighting systems and power and signal transmission

  15. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 3, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2002 293 A Self-Describing Data Transfer Model for ITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Cathey, and D. Meyers Abstract--The wide variety of remote sensors used in Intelligent TransportationIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 3, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2002 293 A Self- guage; and 4) architecture neutral encoders and decoders based on ASN.1. Index Terms--ASN-1, intelligent

  16. It is often difficult to come up with metrics to describe the resiliency of a cyber system. We might feel a system is in a good

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    compromised or disabled? A similar problem exists with power systems. To deal with this, power grid operators metrics that are useful even when the model of the system is incomplete or inaccurate · Developing more Contingency Analysis Tool for Electric Power Grids Each Account Has Access to Files with Different

  17. Complete Phase I Tests As Described in the Multi-lab Test Plan for the Evaluation of CH3I Adsorption on AgZ

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruffey, S. H.; Jubin, R. T.

    2014-09-30

    Silver-exchanged mordenite (AgZ) has been identified as a potential sorbent for iodine present in the off-gas streams of a used nuclear fuel reprocessing facility. In such a facility, both elemental and organic forms of iodine are released from the dissolver in gaseous form. These species of iodine must be captured with high efficiency for a facility to avoid radioactive iodine release above regulatory limits in the gaseous effluent of the plant. Studies completed at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) examined the adsorption of organic iodine in the form of CH3I by AgZ. Upon breakthrough of the feed gas through the sorbent bed, elemental iodine was observed in the effluent stream, despite the fact that the only source of iodine in the system was the CH3I in the feed gas.1 This behavior does not appear to have been reported previously nor has it been independently confirmed. Thus, as a result of these prior studies, multiple knowledge gaps relating to the adsorption of CH3I by AgZ were identified, and a multi-lab test plan, including Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), INL, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), and Sandia National Laboratories, was formulated to address each in a systematic way.2 For this report, the scope of work for ORNL was further narrowed to three thin-bed experiments that would characterize CH3I adsorption onto AgZ in the presence of water, NO, and NO2. Completion of these three-thin bed experiments demonstrated that organic iodine in the form of CH3I was adsorbed by reduced silver mordenite (Ag0Z) to a 50% higher loading than that of I2 when adsorbed from a dry air stream. Adsorption curves suggest different adsorption mechanisms for I2 and CH3I. In the presence of NO and NO2 gas, the loading of CH3I onto Ag0Z is suppressed and may be reversible. Further, the presence of NO and NO2 gas appears to oxidize CH3I to I2; this is indicated by an adsorption curve similar to that of I2 on Ag0Z. Finally, the loss of organic iodine loading capacity by Ag0Z in the presence of NOx is unaffected by the addition of water vapor to the gas stream; no marked additional loss in capacity or retention was observed.

  18. Abstract We describe a simple physical-layer relay scheme for wireless communication in which a set of low-noise linear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kung, H. T.

    advantage of various emerging "energy-harvesting" tech- nologies to renew their own energy using, e.g., solar, vibration, and/or other forms of natural energy sources [9], so that these relays can form a long radio transmission can consume a significant portion of the battery-provided energy. We use simulation

  19. Stable isotopes are a powerful way to describe and quantify trophic relationships in aquatic systems. Evaluating the ratios of carbon and nitrogen isotopes of consumers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Deborah

    production in the Virginia Coast Reserve. #12;iii Results indicate that hydrogen isotope ratios can improve is not yet predictable. The application of hydrogen isotopes to marine food web studies warrants further and higher trophic levels. However, this method is only feasible when sources have distinct combinations

  20. The more accurate way to describe the signal mathematically is to integrate the product of the responsivity curve by the radiance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peale, Robert E.

    of measuring the above theoretical claims. NEP and NETD · Noise Equivalent Power (NEP) - The amount of radiant NEP and NETD mean better resolution · Both depend upon the electronic bandwidth f. Noise power increases proportional to f, noise voltage is proportional to f. Therefore is is useful to define NEP

  1. Conclusion: We described an efficient non-invasive benign Methods: We use fluorescent silica colloidal particles of method to quantify dynamics and to perform mapping of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolov, Igor

    products, we use two base materials: either glycerin or vaseline. A mixture of each Key words: skin care products product with fluorescent particles is applied on human skin. spectroscopy The amount the outside environment. It protects protective oil layer from the skin. This results in the body from

  2. Engineering Notes ENGINEERING NOTES are short manuscripts describing new developments or important results of a preliminary nature. These Notes should not exceed 2500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Hui

    , ultralight man-carrying/man-powered aircraft, high-altitude vehicles, wind turbines, unmanned aerial vehicles). Aerodynamic Hysteresis of a Low- Reynolds-Number Airfoil Hui Hu, Zifeng Yang, and Hirofumi Igarashi Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 DOI: 10.2514/1.32662 Introduction LOW-REYNOLDS-NUMBER airfoil aerodynamics

  3. Optimized Unlike-Pair Interactions for Water-Carbon Dioxide Mixtures described by the SPC/E and EPM2 Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vlcek, Lukas [ORNL; Chialvo, Ariel A [ORNL; Cole, David [Ohio State University; Cole, David R [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    The unlike- pair interaction parameters for the SPC/E- EPM2 models have been optimized to reproduce the mutual solubility of water and carbon dioxide at the conditions of liquid- supercritical fluid phase equilibria. An efficient global optimization of the parameters is achieved through an implementation of the coupling parameter approach, adapted to phase equilibria calculations in the Gibbs ensemble, that explicitly corrects for the over- polarization of the SPC/E water molecule in the non- polar CO2 environments. The resulting H2O- CO2 force field reproduces accurately the available experimental solubilities at the two fluid phases in equilibria as well as the corresponding species tracer diffusion coefficients.

  4. Abstract--In this paper we describe our efforts to build a Web Services based architecture to support both real-time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to support both real-time and archived geographic data in Geographical Information System (GIS) Grids. We IN GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SERVICE GRIDS A. Open Standards for Geographical Information Systems It is estimated]. This is the major reason for enormous interest from industry and academia to develop Geographic Information System

  5. Abstract--We describe our efforts to build a Web Services based architecture to support access to both real-time and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to both real-time and archived geographic data in Geographical Information System (GIS) Grids. We have IN GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SERVICE GRIDS A. Open Standards for Geographical Information Systems It is estimated]. This is the major reason for enormous interest from industry and academia to develop Geographic Information System

  6. Evaluation of conceptual, mathematical and physical-and-chemical models for describing subsurface radionuclide transport at the Lake Karachai Waste Disposal Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rumynin, V.G.; Mironenko, V.A.; Sindalovsky, L.N.; Boronina, A.V.; Konosavsky, P.K.; Pozdniakov, S.P.

    1998-06-01

    The goal of this work was to develop the methodology and to improve understanding of subsurface radionuclide transport for application to the Lake Karachai Site and to identify the influence of the processes and interactions involved into transport and fate of the radionuclides. The report is focused on two sets of problems, which have to do both with, hydrodynamic and hydrogeochemical aspects of the contaminant transport.

  7. We conclude by summarizing the main results of this dissertation, in somewhat more detail than they were described in Chapter 1.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    transport in the real world: for example, energy might not be conserved. Nevertheless, there is still a well's laws and the principle of detailed balance. These laws hold for systems in thermodynamic equilibrium reversal invariance, and detailed balance. Finally, we have consid­ ered the conditions under which

  8. APPENDIX S1 Description and implementation of the models In this study, the eight SDMs were implemented to a great extent part as described in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grenouillet, Gael

    selection was carried out using the function stepAIC (library MASS). The statistical criterion used to select models of increasing fit was the Akaike Information Criteria (AIC). GAM - Generalised Additive to apply a wide range of SDMs using the R (CRAN) software. The descriptions and implementations

  9. Low-frequency type II radio detections and coronagraph data to describe and forecast the propagation of 71 CMEs/shocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cremades, H; Cyr, O C St; Xie, H; Kaiser, M L; Gopalswamy, N

    2015-01-01

    The vulnerability of technology on which present society relies demands that a solar event, its time of arrival at Earth, and its degree of geoeffectiveness be promptly forecasted. Motivated by improving predictions of arrival times at Earth of shocks driven by coronal mass ejections (CMEs), we have analyzed 71 Earth-directed events in different stages of their propagation. The study is primarily based on approximated locations of interplanetary (IP) shocks derived from type II radio emissions detected by the Wind/WAVES experiment during 1997-2007. Distance-time diagrams resulting from the combination of white-light corona, IP type II radio, and in situ data lead to the formulation of descriptive profiles of each CME's journey toward Earth. Furthermore, two different methods to track and predict the location of CME-driven IP shocks are presented. The linear method, solely based on Wind/WAVES data, arises after key modifications to a pre-existing technique that linearly projects the drifting low-frequency type...

  10. Describing the Use of Microsoft® Lync™ in the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service among County Extension Agents 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandifeer, Aimee

    2014-12-03

    was modified from the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model and found to be a reliable and valid instrument. The UTAUT scale was developed by Venkatesh, Morris, Davis & Davis (2003) to assess users’ technology preferences. Constructs...

  11. Development of the T+M coupled flow-geomechanical simulator to describe fracture propagation and coupled flow-thermal-geomechanical processes in tight/shale gas systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Jihoon; Moridis, George

    2013-05-22

    We developed a hydraulic fracturing simulator by coupling a flow simulator to a geomechanics code, namely T+M simulator. Modeling of the vertical fracture development involves continuous updating of the boundary conditions and of the data connectivity, based on the finite element method for geomechanics. The T+M simulator can model the initial fracture development during the hydraulic fracturing operations, after which the domain description changes from single continuum to double or multiple continua in order to rigorously model both flow and geomechanics for fracture-rock matrix systems. The T+H simulator provides two-way coupling between fluid-heat flow and geomechanics, accounting for thermoporomechanics, treats nonlinear permeability and geomechanical moduli explicitly, and dynamically tracks changes in the fracture(s) and in the pore volume. We also fully accounts for leak-off in all directions during hydraulic fracturing. We first validate the T+M simulator, matching numerical solutions with the analytical solutions for poromechanical effects, static fractures, and fracture propagations. Then, from numerical simulation of various cases of the planar fracture propagation, shear failure can limit the vertical fracture propagation of tensile failure, because of leak-off into the reservoirs. Slow injection causes more leak-off, compared with fast injection, when the same amount of fluid is injected. Changes in initial total stress and contributions of shear effective stress to tensile failure can also affect formation of the fractured areas, and the geomechanical responses are still well-posed.

  12. Coreless vortex formation in a spinor Bose-Einstein condensate Topological defects vary between superfluid systems described by scalar and vector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coreless vortex formation in a spinor Bose-Einstein condensate Topological defects vary between-polarized condensates, line defects such as vortices have cores where the density of condensed particles is necessarily zero to keep the order parameter single-valued. However, in condensates with an internal, spin degree

  13. Modeling of plasma chemistry in an atmospheric pressure Ar/NH{sub 3} cylindrical dielectric barrier discharge described using the one-dimensional fluid model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Zhi [School of Science, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Zhao Zhen [School of Chemistry and Life Science, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114007 (China); School of Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); Li Xuehui [Physical Science and Technical College, Dalian University, Dalian 116622 (China)

    2013-01-15

    The keynote of our research is to study the gas phase chemistry in an atmospheric pressure Ar/NH{sub 3} cylindrical dielectric barrier discharge, which is very important to produce the iron-nitride magnetic fluid. For this purpose, a home-made one dimensional fluid model with the Scharfetter-Gummel method has been developed. The equations solved are the particle balances, assuming a drift-diffusion approximation for the fluxes, and the electron energy equation. The self-consistent electric field is obtained by the simultaneous solution of Poisson's equation. The simulations were carried out for the different ammonia concentrations (2%, 3.5%, and 7%), at a voltage of 1 kV, and a driving frequency of 20 kHz. It concluded that the major ion products of Ar are Ar{sup +} and Ar{sub 2}{sup +}. Ar{sup +} is the most important positive ions, followed by Ar{sub 2}{sup +}. It is shown that the NH{sup +} density is smaller than that of the other ammonia ions. The density of NH{sub 4}{sup +} is more than that of the other ammonia ions when the ammonia concentration increased. The diffuse mode can be established after the discharge was ignited, and the mode changes to filamentary mode with an increase in ammonia concentration.

  14. Co-non-solvency: Mean-field polymer theory does not describe polymer collapse transition in a mixture of two competing good solvents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debashish Mukherji; Carlos M. Marques; Torsten Stuehn; Kurt Kremer

    2015-02-02

    Smart polymers are a modern class of polymeric materials that often exhibit unpredictable behavior in mixtures of solvents. One such phenomenon is co-non-solvency. Co-non-solvency occurs when two (perfectly) miscible and competing good solvents, for a given polymer, are mixed together. As a result, the same polymer collapses into a compact globule within intermediate mixing ratios. More interestingly, polymer collapses when the solvent quality remains good and even gets increasingly better by the addition of the better cosolvent. This is a puzzling phenomenon that is driven by strong local concentration fluctuations. Because of the discrete particle based nature of the interactions, Flory-Huggins type mean field arguments become unsuitable. In this work, we extend the analysis of the co-non-solvency effect presented earlier [Nature Communications 5, 4882 (2014)]. We explain why co-non-solvency is a generic phenomenon that can be understood by the thermodynamic treatment of the competitive displacement of (co)solvent components. This competition can result in a polymer collapse upon improvement of the solvent quality. Specific chemical details are not required to understand these complex conformational transitions. Therefore, a broad range of polymers are expected to exhibit similar reentrant coil-globule-coil transitions in competing good solvents.

  15. SUPERCDMS LOW-ENERGY DATA RELEASE This guide describes the public data released in support of the recent SuperCDMS search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    ): optimized final selection of nuclear recoils using the phonon energy, ionization energy, phonon radial file lists the total phonon energy, while the second column lists the actual efficiency of all.txt). The exposures for each detector are listed in Table 1. 1.3. Charge models and nuclear recoil energy scale. Super

  16. This document is intended to be a "Guideline" which describes in simple terms a number of basic requirements which must be met before licensing honey processors. For further

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaplane, Keith S.

    License if they process and retail their own honey on their own premises, on a door-to-door retail route consumer as the end user (including fairs, festivals, & farmers markets). Honey producers that fall but is not limited to: honey producers selling product for retail, wholesale, and bulk honey producers. The Food

  17. In this paper we describe a generalized classification method for HMM-based speech recognition systems, that uses free energy as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Rita

    recognition systems, that uses free energy as a discriminant function rather than conventional probabilities negative free energy [2] of the HMM at a temperature . Consequently, MAP classifica- tion is equivalent to minimizing the free energy of the classifier with respect to the class at T = 1. In speech recognition

  18. 6C2R-3.012 Student Housing. (1) Definitions. When used in this rule the following words shall have meaning described herein,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    6C2R-3.012 Student Housing. (1) Definitions. When used in this rule the following words shall have is enrolled. An academic year is less than 52 weeks. (b) "Housing contract" means a binding contract in which the University promises to provide University housing to the student, and the student promises to pay

  19. LOGIC is traditionally described as the theory of deduction. In a correct deduction we pass from sentences called premises to a sentence called conclusion, usually

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dosen, Kosta

    these constants and the rest is replaced by variables, which makes logical form appear. In algebraic laws, one has, the work of George Boole and especially Gottlob Frege inaugurates the tradition of contemporary logic

  20. Engineering Notes ENGINEERING NOTES are short manuscripts describing new developments or important results of a preliminary nature. These Notes should not exceed 2500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Hui

    , sailplanes, ultralight man- carrying/man-powered aircraft, high-altitude vehicles, wind turbines, unmanned-pressure distribution around the airfoil with pressure sensors, a high-resolution PIV system was used to make detailed performed in a closed-circuit low-speed wind tunnel located in the Aerospace Engineering Department of Iowa

  1. The KTOI Ecosystem Project Relational Database : a Report Prepared by Statistical Consulting Services for KTOI Describing the Key Components and Specifications of the KTOI Relational Database.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shafii, Bahman [Statistical Consulting Services

    2009-09-24

    Data are the central focus of any research project. Their collection and analysis are crucial to meeting project goals, testing scientific hypotheses, and drawing relevant conclusions. Typical research projects often devote the majority of their resources to the collection, storage and analysis of data. Therefore, issues related to data quality should be of foremost concern. Data quality issues are even more important when conducting multifaceted studies involving several teams of researchers. Without the use of a standardized protocol, for example, independent data collection carried out by separate research efforts can lead to inconsistencies, confusion and errors throughout the larger project. A database management system can be utilized to help avoid all of the aforementioned problems. The centralization of data into a common relational unit, i.e. a relational database, shifts the responsibility for data quality and maintenance from multiple individuals to a single database manager, thus allowing data quality issues to be assessed and corrected in a timely manner. The database system also provides an easy mechanism for standardizing data components, such as variable names and values uniformly across all segments of a project. This is particularly an important issue when data are collected on a number of biological/physical response and explanatory variables from various locations and times. The database system can integrate all segments of a large study into one unit, while providing oversight and accessibility to the data collection process. The quality of all data collected is uniformly maintained and compatibility between research efforts ensured. While the physical database would exist in a central location, access will not be physically limited. Advanced database interfaces are created to operate over the internet utilizing a Web-based relational database, allowing project members to access their data from virtually anywhere. These interfaces provide users with the ability to upload, download, edit, and search data remotely, creating a dynamic system that is continually updated with the most recent information. At the same time, data are protected through user access restrictions, by implementing user profiles and password protected security. This accessibility could be set to any combination of read/write/edit abilities from an administrator capacity with full access to all data, to a highly restricted public access capability limited to general project information. Generation of customized summary reports and basic graphical routines could also be obtained through a Web-based interference. Using these types of features, users could produce summary tables, track trends of specified response variables over time or location, and compare results from various disciplines. Exploration of data in this manner can help users to better define and clarify their research goals and provide a means of integrating various aspects of a larger research project.

  2. EAGE 66th Conference & Exhibition --Paris, France, 7 -10 June 2004 This paper describes a study undertaken to appraise spatially complex hydrocarbon reservoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    field located in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico, between 8,500 and 10,500 feet below the sea level data GAMBUS, M. AND TORRE S-VERDÍN, C. Department of Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering

  3. A Campus-Wide Course on Micro Renewable Energy Systems This paper describes the intellectual and pedagogical issues, and results from two teachings of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    independence. For instance, Figure 1: High-intensity solar converter plus wind turbine. Courtesy Laura. At the optimistic cost of $1 per installed watt7 , this takes at least $1B of capital. Though the sun may shine . The same or better power capacity can be achieved with a fraction of that public capital investment

  4. LOCATION CODE LEGEND The location codes listed and described below are intended to be a comprehensive listing of the location codes found in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slatton, Clint

    1 SWINE UNIT AREA (Archer Road/SW 23rd Terrace) 2A2 ANIMAL SCIENCE AREA (Ritchey Road/SW 23rd Street ANIMAL SCIENCE/"SOUTH" VET MED TEACHING HOSPITAL AREA (South Shealy Drive) 3B1 SHANDS CANCER CENTERDONALD HOUSE/CHILDREN'S CLINIC AREA (SW 16th Avenue/SW 16th Street) 3B4 "NORTH" VET MED TEACHING HOSPITAL AREA

  5. Visa Type Alien Number (If Applicable) FPd Which of the following categories best describes you? Response is voluntary. See notes on reverse side for explanation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    COLLEGE USE ONLY DIV FEE GRPADM CURRICULUM RESIDENCY STP YR MO Visa Type Alien Number (If of application . 3. Permanent residents of the United States will be required to present their Alien Registration

  6. Proceedings of Taros'09, Londonderry, 31 Aug.-2 Sept. 2009, pp: 78-81. Abstract--This paper describes a process for identifying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bugmann, Guido

    inventions such as the washing machine, dishwasher and vacuum cleaner have helped to reduce the time

  7. The purpose of this book is to encourage the use of non-equilibrium thermodynamics to describe transport in complex, heterogeneous media.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjelstrup, Signe

    and in fuel cells. Molecular simulations and analytical studies are used to add insight. "Please quote OF; Applications: Evaporation and Condensation; A Non-Isothermal Concentration Cell; Adiabatic Electrode Reactions; The Formation Cell; Modeling the Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell;The Impedance of an Electrode Surface; The Non

  8. 1. Cover letter describing your research interests,why it would benefit you to attend,potential project ideas,and mentor requests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of topics such as: · Ring current and radiation belts · Magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling · Solar wind wind and magnetosphere · Solar energetic particle events · Diffusion coefficients and radiation belt dynamics · Van Allen Probes data analysis and modeling · Scintillating and solid-state radiation detectors

  9. The United States Department of Energy Announces the Availability of Four Public Documents Describing the Next Phase of the Weldon Spring Quarry Cleanup.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1. .&. ' , c 1afr -.:2yL: a,;. -:-1. .-?

  10. Photovoltaic systems are often described and marketed in terms of the DC power rating of their modules, expressed in $'s/Watt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access| DepartmentPeerFederal FleetUp inrd IEEE PVSC, San Diego, CA 2008 1

  11. Homoclinic orbits and chaos in a pair of parametrically-driven coupled nonlinear resonators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eyal Kenig; Yuriy A. Tsarin; Ron Lifshitz

    2010-07-22

    We study the dynamics of a pair of parametrically-driven coupled nonlinear mechanical resonators of the kind that is typically encountered in applications involving microelectromechanical and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS & NEMS). We take advantage of the weak damping that characterizes these systems to perform a multiple-scales analysis and obtain amplitude equations, describing the slow dynamics of the system. This picture allows us to expose the existence of homoclinic orbits in the dynamics of the integrable part of the slow equations of motion. Using a version of the high-dimensional Melnikov approach, developed by Kovacic and Wiggins [Physica D, 57, 185 (1992)], we are able to obtain explicit parameter values for which these orbits persist in the full system, consisting of both Hamiltonian and non-Hamiltonian perturbations, to form so-called Shilnikov orbits, indicating a loss of integrability and the existence of chaos. Our analytical calculations of Shilnikov orbits are confirmed numerically.

  12. Model documentation report: Residential sector demand module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-01-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Residential Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and FORTRAN source code. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document that provides a detailed description for energy analysts, other users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports according to Public Law 93-275, section 57(b)(1). Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements.

  13. Model documentation report: Transportation sector model of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-03-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Transportation Model (TRAN). The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated by the model. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description of TRAN for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirements of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports (Public Law 93-275, 57(b)(1)). Third, it permits continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements.

  14. Model documentation: Electricity market module, electricity finance and pricing submodule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-07

    The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the model, describe its basic approach, and provide detail on how it works. The EFP is a regulatory accounting model that projects electricity prices. The model first solves for revenue requirements by building up a rate base, calculating a return on rate base, and adding the allowed expenses. Average revenues (prices) are calculated based on assumptions regarding regulator lag and customer cost allocation methods. The model then solves for the internal cash flow and analyzes the need for external financing to meet necessary capital expenditures. Finally, the EFP builds up the financial statements. The EFP is used in conjunction with the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). Inputs to the EFP include the forecast generating capacity expansion plans, operating costs, regulator environment, and financial data. The outputs include forecasts of income statements, balance sheets, revenue requirements, and electricity prices.

  15. Model documentation report: Commercial Sector Demand Module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-02-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components. This report serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports (Public Law 93-275, section 57(b)(1)). Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements as future projects.

  16. Concept of Gravity Antonio Ckiudio F, Corr&a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firoozabadi, Abbas

    are defined in the nomenclature. Oil relative permeability is described by the power-law model: Eqs. 1 to 4 systems. Numerical examples show that recovery performance of layered systems, unlike homogeneous media in layered media are shown in three numerical examples. Verification by experiments is also briefly

  17. Gasohol - Where We Are Today 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCammon, W. L.

    1982-01-01

    oil, decontrol of prices, lower demand for gasoline and the effect of the current administration on government funding and/or guarantees and the lack thereof, has resulted in a restructing and change in the industry. This paper will briefly describe...

  18. CONMOW: Condition Monitoring for Offshore Wind Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 CONMOW: Condition Monitoring for Offshore Wind Farms Edwin Wiggelinkhuizen, Theo Verbruggen, Henk in practice the European project CONMOW (Condition Monitoring for Offshore Wind Farms) was started in November for Offshore Wind Farms) was started in November 2002. This paper briefly describes the CONMOW project approach

  19. 978-3-901882-46-3 c 2012 IFIP Green Move: towards next generation sustainable smartphone-based vehicle sharing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cugola, Gianpaolo

    intermediaries. The paper provides an overview of the project, briefly describes the architecture of the system. In this paper we present the Green Move project: its overall goals, the architecture of the system outlines its architecture and components. Section V outlines future work in the Green Move project. II

  20. Green Move: towards next generation sustainable smartphone-based vehicle sharing G. Alli, L. Baresi, A. Bianchessi, G. Cugola, A. Margara, A. Morzenti, C. Ongini, E. Panigati,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schreiber, Fabio A.

    an overview of the project, briefly describes the architecture of the system under development, and outlines of an EV is around 80- 120 km; (ii) the life of a battery pack is around 2000 discharge/recharge cycles. In this paper we present the Green Move project: its overall goals, the architecture of the system