Sample records for briefly describes nems

  1. Net Energy Metering (NEM)

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the Arizona Public Service Co. (APS) request for a charge on future rooftop solar panel installations connected to the grid under the state's net energy metering (NEM)...

  2. NEMS industrial module documentation report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The NEMS Industrial Demand Model is a dynamic accounting model, bringing together the disparate industries and uses of energy in those industries, and putting them together in an understandable and cohesive framework. The Industrial Model generates mid-term (up to the year 2010) forecasts of industrial sector energy demand as a component of the NEMS integrated forecasting system. From the NEMS system, the Industrial Model receives fuel prices, employment data, and the value of output of industrial activity. Based on the values of these variables, the Industrial Model passes back to the NEMS system estimates of consumption by fuel types.

  3. National Energy Modeling System (NEMS)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of U.S. through 2030. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors, world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavioral and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. NEMS was designed and implemented by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). NEMS can be used to analyze the effects of existing and proposed government laws and regulations related to energy production and use; the potential impact of new and advanced energy production, conversion, and consumption technologies; the impact and cost of greenhouse gas control; the impact of increased use of renewable energy sources; and the potential savings from increased efficiency of energy use; and the impact of regulations on the use of alternative or reformulated fuels. NEMS has also been used for a number of special analyses at the request of the Administration, U.S. Congress, other offices of DOE and other government agencies, who specify the scenarios and assumptions for the analysis. Modules allow analyses to be conducted in energy topic areas such as residential demand, industrial demand, electricity market, oil and gas supply, renewable fuels, etc.

  4. NEMS integrating module documentation report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer modeling system that produces a general equilibrium solution for energy supply and demand in the US energy markets. The model achieves a supply and demand balance in the end-use demand regions, defined as the nine Census Divisions, by solving for the prices of each energy type such that the quantities producers are willing to supply equal the quantities consumers wish to consume. The system reflects market economics, industry structure, and energy policies and regulations that influence market behavior. The NEMS Integrating Module is the central integrating component of a complex modeling system. As such, a thorough understanding of its role in the modeling process can only be achieved by placing it in the proper context with respect to the other modules. To that end, this document provides an overview of the complete NEMS model, and includes brief descriptions of the modules with which the Integrating Module interacts. The emphasis and focus, however, is on the structure and function of the Integrating Module of NEMS.

  5. Price Responsiveness in the AEO2003 NEMS Residential and Commercial Buildings Sector Models

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the demand responses to changes in energy prices in the Annual Energy Outlook 2003 versions of the Residential and Commercial Demand Modules of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). It updates a similar paper completed for the Annual Energy Outlook 1999 version of the NEMS.

  6. How to obtain the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) NEMS is used by the modelers at the U. S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) who understand its structure and programming. NEMS has only been used by a few organizations outside of the EIA, because most people that requested NEMS found out that it was too difficult or rigid to use. NEMS is not typically used for state-level analysis and is poorly suited for application to other countries. However, many do obtain the model simply to use the data in its input files or to examine the source code.

  7. NEMS Buildings Sector Working Group Meeting

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade1 Source: Office of FossilFoot) Year JanCubicXIV.Mr.NEMS Buildings

  8. H Loop shaping control for PLL-based mechanical resonance tracking in NEMS resonant mass sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    problem that rejects the disturbance described by the resonance frequency shift, attenuates the phase the measurement scheme to a disturbance rejection control issue which considers the resonance frequency variation--A simple dynamic detection of the resonance frequency shift in NEMS resonant mass sensors is described

  9. Learning and cost reductions for generating technologies in the national energy modeling system (NEMS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gumerman, Etan; Marnay, Chris

    2004-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes how Learning-by-Doing (LBD) is implemented endogenously in the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) for generating plants. LBD is experiential learning that correlates to a generating technology's capacity growth. The annual amount of Learning-by-Doing affects the annual overnight cost reduction. Currently, there is no straightforward way to integrate and make sense of all the diffuse information related to the endogenous learning calculation in NEMS. This paper organizes the relevant information from the NEMS documentation, source code, input files, and output files, in order to make the model's logic more accessible. The end results are shown in three ways: in a simple spreadsheet containing all the parameters related to endogenous learning; by an algorithm that traces how the parameters lead to cost reductions; and by examples showing how AEO 2004 forecasts the reduction of overnight costs for generating technologies over time.

  10. Instructions: Describe the proposed use of animals in non-technical terms. Briefly outline all

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    conditions. While they are still under anesthesia, a small incision (~3 mm) will be made in the skin anesthesia. If the animals start to wake up before the surgery ends, half of the dose of the anesthesia that will survive more than 14 days, sutures will be removed without anesthesia after seven days. The animals

  11. Robot Glossary This appendix section briefly describes each of the robot projects discussed in this thesis.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    discussed in this thesis. The glossary is organized in alphabetical order by the robot's name. Baygon Palmer and is pictured on page 80. Blind The second robot of the David Hogg/Katie Lilienkamp team, Blind. Blind exploited the fact that the initial position of the puck was a known distance from the initial

  12. Overview of NEMS-H2, Version 1.0

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation on Overview of NEMS-H2, Version 1.0 given by Frances Wood of OnLocation during the DOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Workshop on January 26, 2006.

  13. Wisconsin DOT 1. Briefly summarize your current pavement smoothness requirements.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin DOT 1. Briefly summarize your current pavement smoothness requirements. We currently-contact profiling equipment. Most PCC pavements are profiled using lightweight profilers when the project is still closed to traffic. Most HMA pavements are profiled using high speed profilers (with the same measuring

  14. California DOT 1. Briefly summarize your current pavement smoothness requirements.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California DOT 1. Briefly summarize your current pavement smoothness requirements. For HMA pavement to OGFC placed on existing pavement not constructed under the same project. If concrete pavement is placed ordered. 39-1.12B Straightedge The top layer of HMA pavement must not vary from the lower edge of a12-foot

  15. U.S. Regional Demand Forecasts Using NEMS and GIS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, Jesse A.; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a multi-sector, integrated model of the U.S. energy system put out by the Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration. NEMS is used to produce the annual 20-year forecast of U.S. energy use aggregated to the nine-region census division level. The research objective was to disaggregate this regional energy forecast to the county level for select forecast years, for use in a more detailed and accurate regional analysis of energy usage across the U.S. The process of disaggregation using a geographic information system (GIS) was researched and a model was created utilizing available population forecasts and climate zone data. The model's primary purpose was to generate an energy demand forecast with greater spatial resolution than what is currently produced by NEMS, and to produce a flexible model that can be used repeatedly as an add-on to NEMS in which detailed analysis can be executed exogenously with results fed back into the NEMS data flow. The methods developed were then applied to the study data to obtain residential and commercial electricity demand forecasts. The model was subjected to comparative and statistical testing to assess predictive accuracy. Forecasts using this model were robust and accurate in slow-growing, temperate regions such as the Midwest and Mountain regions. Interestingly, however, the model performed with less accuracy in the Pacific and Northwest regions of the country where population growth was more active. In the future more refined methods will be necessary to improve the accuracy of these forecasts. The disaggregation method was written into a flexible tool within the ArcGIS environment which enables the user to output the results in five year intervals over the period 2000-2025. In addition, the outputs of this tool were used to develop a time-series simulation showing the temporal changes in electricity forecasts in terms of absolute, per capita, and density of demand.

  16. Assessment and Suggestions to Improve the Commercial Building Module of EIA-NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neal, D. L.; Reddy, T. A.; Sucher, B.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a comprehensive, computer-based, energy-economy modeling system developed and maintained by the Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA). NEMS forecasts the national production...

  17. Investigation of residential central air conditioning load shapes in NEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamachi LaCommare, Kristina; Marnay, Chris; Gumerman, Etan; Chan, Peter; Rosenquist, Greg; Osborn, Julie

    2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This memo explains what Berkeley Lab has learned about how the residential central air-conditioning (CAC) end use is represented in the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). NEMS is an energy model maintained by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) that is routinely used in analysis of energy efficiency standards for residential appliances. As part of analyzing utility and environmental impacts related to the federal rulemaking for residential CAC, lower-than-expected peak utility results prompted Berkeley Lab to investigate the input load shapes that characterize the peaky CAC end use and the submodule that treats load demand response. Investigations enabled a through understanding of the methodology by which hourly load profiles are input to the model and how the model is structured to respond to peak demand. Notably, it was discovered that NEMS was using an October-peaking load shape to represent residential space cooling, which suppressed peak effects to levels lower than expected. An apparent scaling down of the annual load within the load-demand submodule was found, another significant suppressor of the peak impacts. EIA promptly responded to Berkeley Lab's discoveries by updating numerous load shapes for the AEO2002 version of NEMS; EIA is still studying the scaling issue. As a result of this work, it was concluded that Berkeley Lab's customary end-use decrement approach was the most defensible way for Berkeley Lab to perform the recent CAC utility impact analysis. This approach was applied in conjunction with the updated AEO2002 load shapes to perform last year's published rulemaking analysis. Berkeley Lab experimented with several alternative approaches, including modifying the CAC efficiency level, but determined that these did not sufficiently improve the robustness of the method or results to warrant their implementation. Work in this area will continue in preparation for upcoming rulemakings for the other peak coincident end uses, commercial air conditioning and distribution transformers.

  18. National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen Energy Information National AllianceDayNEMS) Jump to:

  19. Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology for Ultra-Low Energy Digital Integrated Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathanael, Rhesa

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology 3.1 Introduction Nano-electro-mechanical (NEM)improvements, a scaled nano-relay technology with optimizedNano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology

  20. A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborn, Julie G.; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Documentation Report: Wind Energy Submodule (WES). DOE/EIA-The Economic Value of Wind Energy at High Power SystemOF THE TREATMENT OF WIND ENERGY IN THE AEO99 VERSION OF NEMS

  1. Recycling Guide: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Recycling Information Call 301-496-7990 or visit the NEMS Website at http://www.nems.nih.gov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Chris I.

    Recycling Guide: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Recycling Information ­ Call 301-496-7990 or visit the NEMS in COMMINGLED bin Rinse food/beverage containers before recycling No Pyrex or Styrofoam Printer and Copier Toner Cartridges in TONER CARTRIDGE bin Recycle packaging material in appropriate bin NIH charities

  2. Investigation of the effects of soluble boron tracking on coupled CTF / NEM, LWR simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biery, M.; Avramova, M.; Ivanov, K. [Pennsylvania State University, Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, 331 Reber Building, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of introducing a boron tracking capability to the COBRA-TF / NEM code coupling. The Pennsylvania State University (PSU) versions of COBRA-TF - CTF, and Nodal Expansion Method (NEM) codes are utilized. Previous implementations of the CTF / NEM coupled code had no capability to model soluble boron feedback effects due to boron transport. This study builds upon the validation and qualification efforts of the boron tracking model implementation in CTF by modeling the boron feedback calculated by the CTF boron tracking model in NEM. The core model chosen for this study is the Purdue MOX/UO{sub 2} core model used in the 2007 OECD/NRC code benchmark study. Following the implementation of an explicit online coupling scheme and accompanying k-search routine, the newly coupled CTF / NEM code version with boron tracking is compared to prior results of the non-boron tracking CTF / NEM code version at steady-state hot full power and hot zero power conditions. It was found that the boron tracking model exhibited little influence on the hot zero power result as expected due to a smaller heat flux, which does not significantly change the moderator density and boron concentration as the moderator travels up the axial core length. Meanwhile the boron tracking model had a much greater impact on the hot full power results, predicting the critical inlet boron concentration to be 9.9 ppm below the non-boron tracking result due to greater and more rapid changes in boron concentration corresponding to the reduction in moderator density from being more rapidly heated. (authors)

  3. Overview of NEMS-H2, Version 1.0 Frances Wood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ConsumptionForm/Place Transformations Electricity Generation and Transmission Hydrogen Oil and Gas ProductionOverview of NEMS-H2, Version 1.0 Frances Wood OnLocation, Inc., Energy Systems Consulting (fwood markets ­ Focus is on economic, not engineering, aspects of hydrogen production, delivery, and consumption

  4. A SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF THE TREATMENT OF WIND ENERGY IN THE AEO99 VERSION OF NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LBNL-44070 TP-28529 A SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF THE TREATMENT OF WIND ENERGY IN THE AEO99 VERSION Analysis Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National OF NEMS Julie Osborn, Frances Wood, Cooper Richey, Sandy Sanders, Walter Short, and Jonathan Koomey Energy

  5. Researcher Profile This cheatsheet will briefly explain how to utilise your Researcher Profile in IRMA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Researcher Profile This cheatsheet will briefly explain how to utilise your Researcher Profile Username (MAIS ID (Staff, Student or MAIS other number)) and MAIS Password. Researcher Profile 1) After straightaway, click on Home in the top right corner, then click on Researcher Profile. #12;Printed: 17 December

  6. Comparison of Bottom-Up and Top-Down Forecasts: Vision Industry Energy Forecasts with ITEMS and NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roop, J. M.; Dahowski, R. T

    Comparisons are made of energy forecasts using results from the Industrial module of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) and an industrial economic-engineering model called the Industrial Technology and Energy Modeling System (ITEMS), a model...

  7. Appendix E: Other NEMS-MP results for the base case and scenarios.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plotkin, S. E.; Singh, M. K.; Energy Systems

    2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The NEMS-MP model generates numerous results for each run of a scenario. (This model is the integrated National Energy Modeling System [NEMS] version used for the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study [MP].) This appendix examines additional findings beyond the primary results reported in the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study: Vehicle Characterization and Scenario Analyses (Reference 1). These additional results are provided in order to help further illuminate some of the primary results. Specifically discussed in this appendix are: (1) Energy use results for light vehicles (LVs), including details about the underlying total vehicle miles traveled (VMT), the average vehicle fuel economy, and the volumes of the different fuels used; (2) Resource fuels and their use in the production of ethanol, hydrogen (H{sub 2}), and electricity; (3) Ethanol use in the scenarios (i.e., the ethanol consumption in E85 vs. other blends, the percent of travel by flex fuel vehicles on E85, etc.); (4) Relative availability of E85 and H2 stations; (5) Fuel prices; (6) Vehicle prices; and (7) Consumer savings. These results are discussed as follows: (1) The three scenarios (Mixed, (P)HEV & Ethanol, and H2 Success) when assuming vehicle prices developed through literature review; (2) The three scenarios with vehicle prices that incorporate the achievement of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) program vehicle cost goals; (3) The three scenarios with 'literature review' vehicle prices, plus vehicle subsidies; and (4) The three scenarios with 'program goals' vehicle prices, plus vehicle subsidies. The four versions or cases of each scenario are referred to as: Literature Review No Subsidies, Program Goals No Subsidies, Literature Review with Subsidies, and Program Goals with Subsidies. Two additional points must be made here. First, none of the results presented for LVs in this section include Class 2B trucks. Results for this class are included occasionally in Reference 1. They represent a small, though noticeable, segment of the 'LV plus 2B' market (e.g., a little more than 3% of today's energy use in that market). We generally do not include them in this discussion, simply because it requires additional effort to combine the NEMS-MP results for them with the results for the other LVs. (Where there is an exception, we will indicate so.) Second, where reference is made to E85, the ethanol content is actually 74%. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) assumes that, to address cold-starting issues, the percent of ethanol in E85 will vary seasonally. The EIA uses an annual average ethanol content of 74% in its forecasts. That assumption is maintained in the NEMS-MP scenario runs.

  8. A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osborn, Julie G; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Each year, the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes a forecast of the domestic energy economy in the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO). During the forecast period of the AEO (currently through 2020), renewable energy technologies have typically not achieved significant growth. The contribution of renewable technologies as electric generators becomes more important, however, in scenarios analyzing greenhouse gas emissions reductions or significant technological advancements. We examined the economic assumptions about wind power used for producing forecasts with the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) to determine their influence on the projected capacity expansion of this technology. This analysis should help illustrate to policymakers what types of issues may affect wind development, and improve the general understanding of the NEMS model itself. Figure 1 illustrates the model structure and factors relevant to wind deployment. We found that NEMS uses various cost multipliers and constraints to represent potential physical and economic limitations to growth in wind capacity, such as resource depletion, costs associated with rapid manufacturing expansion, and grid stability with high levels of capacity from intermittent resources. The model's flexibility allows the user to make alternative assumptions about the magnitude of these factors. While these assumptions have little effect on the Reference Case forecast for the 1999 edition of the AEO, they can make a dramatic difference when wind is more attractive, such as under a carbon permit trading system. With $100/ton carbon permits, the wind capacity projection for 2020 ranges from 15 GW in the unaltered model (AEO99 Reference Case) to 168 GW in the extreme case when all the multipliers and constraints examined in this study are removed. Furthermore, if modifications are made to the model allowing inter-regional transmission of electricity, wind capacity is forecast to reach 214 GW when all limitations are removed. The figures in the upper end of these ranges are not intended to be viewed as reasonable projections, but their magnitude illustrates the importance of the parameters governing the growth of wind capacity and resource availability in forecasts using NEMS. In addition, many uncertainties exist regarding these assumptions that potentially affect the growth of wind power. We suggest several areas in which to focus future research in order to better model the potential development of this resource. Because many of the assumptions related to wind in the model are also used for other renewable technologies, these suggestions could be applied to other renewable resources as well.

  9. Pavement Smoothness for Illinois DOT -Doug Dirks 1. Briefly summarize your current pavement smoothness requirements. See below.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavement Smoothness for Illinois DOT - Doug Dirks 1. Briefly summarize your current pavement? N/A Illinois has both standard specifications and a special provision for pavement smoothness-Depth HMA pavements, and PCC Pavements are all included in this special provision. http

  10. On Gaussian Beams Described by Jacobi's Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Steven T.

    Gaussian beams describe the amplitude and phase of rays and are widely used to model acoustic propagation. This paper describes four new results in the theory of Gaussian beams. (1) A new version of the ?ervený equations ...

  11. Search Trees Using Libxac In this chapter I describe how memorymapped transactions can be used in a practical application,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leiserson, Charles E.

    model primarily used to analyze B­trees. In this model, computation is free, but moving a block between block size. Finally, I briefly describe how a cache­oblivious B­tree (CO B­tree) supports dictionary results. 5.1 Introduction The DAM Model In today's computer systems, there is significant disparity

  12. Other, Describe: The University of Oklahoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    Other, Describe: New Hire The University of Oklahoma Background Check Authorization Attention Transfer Incoming Medical Resident Volunteer The University of Oklahoma will conduct Standard Pre. I understand that the University of Oklahoma may utilize the services of a third-party as part

  13. 9.0 Non-Regular Languages and the Pumping Lemma Languages that can be described formally with an NFA, DFA, or a regular

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Scott

    9.0 Non-Regular Languages and the Pumping Lemma Languages that can be described formally to be useful to us here. The Pumping Lemma This theorem describes a property that a language must have in order - to show when a language is not regular. That is always how the pumping lemma is used. Briefly, the pumping

  14. Phenomenological approach for describing environment dependent growths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dibyendu Biswas; Swarup Poria

    2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Different classes of phenomenological universalities of environment dependent growths have been proposed. The logistic as well as environment dependent West-type allometry based biological growth can be explained in this proposed framework of phenomenological description. It is shown that logistic and environment dependent West-type growths are phenomenologically identical in nature. However there is a difference between them in terms of coefficients involved in the phenomenological descriptions. It is also established that environment independent and enviornment dependent biological growth processes lead to the same West-type biological growth equation. Involuted Gompertz function, used to describe biological growth processes undergoing atrophy or a demographic and economic system undergoing involution or regression, can be addressed in this proposed environment dependent description. In addition, some other phenomenological descriptions have been examined in this proposed framework and graphical representations of variation of different parameters involved in the description are executed.

  15. Search Trees Using Libxac In this chapter I describe how memory-mapped transactions can be used in a practical application,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leiserson, Charles E.

    model primarily used to analyze B-trees. In this model, computation is free, but moving a block between block size. Finally, I briefly describe how a cache-oblivious B-tree (CO B-tree) supports dictionary results. 5.1 Introduction The DAM Model In today's computer systems, there is significant disparity

  16. New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Markets New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuel Cell...

  17. Sandia National Laboratories: New Report Describes Joint Opportunities...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    bilitiesCapabilitiesNew Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Vehicle Markets New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and...

  18. Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage to environmental...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage to environmental monitoring stations, canyons Stations supporting Santa...

  19. DOE Report Describes Progress in the Deployment of Synchrophasor...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Report Describes Progress in the Deployment of Synchrophasor Technologies for Improved Grid Operations Home > Blogs > Graham7781's blog Graham7781's picture Submitted by...

  20. NEMS Freight Transportation Module Improvement Study

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    basic shapes 33. Articles of base metal 41. Waste and scrap 3. Processed food 5. Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations 6. Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery...

  1. User exit subroutines This section describes the user exit subroutine.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Julian

    Chapter 3 User exit subroutines This section describes the user exit subroutine. 39 #12; 40 EMSOL resetting the current model. Specification call ems itru(dspace, dspace, reason, userrtcd) On entry dspace. Specified as: a fullword integer. usrrtcd is the user return code from the user exit subroutine. Specified

  2. User exit subroutines This section describes the user exit subroutine.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Julian

    Chapter 3 User exit subroutines This section describes the user exit subroutine. 47 #12; 48 EMSOL) On entry dspace is the user­provided work area. Specified as: a one­dimensional real array of doublewords during ems sslv. Specified as: a fullword integer. usrrtcd is the user return code from the user exit

  3. User exit subroutines This section describes the user exit subroutine.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Julian

    Chapter 3 User exit subroutines This section describes the user exit subroutine. 41 #12; 42 EMSOL) On entry dspace is the user­provided work area. Specified as: a one­dimensional real array of doublewords during ems sslv. Specified as: a fullword integer. usrrtcd is the user return code from the user exit

  4. Autocatalytic models describing ruminal in situ digestion J Van Milgen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Autocatalytic models describing ruminal in situ digestion J Van Milgen INRA, Station de Recherche sur la Nutrition des Herbivores, Theix, 63122 Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France Digestion of particulate avail- ability. Although microbes can be considered the cause of digestion, they are also the result

  5. Describing Spatial Relations using Informal Semantics Kristin Stock1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stock, Kristin

    Describing Spatial Relations using Informal Semantics Kristin Stock1 1 University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD, Nottingham Tel. +44(0)787 299 3270 Email: kristin.stock@nottingham.ac.uk Web address: http, people tend to think in terms of informal semantics. Informal semantics take the form of cognitive models

  6. HERMES: A Model to Describe Deformation, Burning, Explosion, and Detonation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reaugh, J E

    2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    HERMES (High Explosive Response to MEchanical Stimulus) was developed to fill the need for a model to describe an explosive response of the type described as BVR (Burn to Violent Response) or HEVR (High Explosive Violent Response). Characteristically this response leaves a substantial amount of explosive unconsumed, the time to reaction is long, and the peak pressure developed is low. In contrast, detonations characteristically consume all explosive present, the time to reaction is short, and peak pressures are high. However, most of the previous models to describe explosive response were models for detonation. The earliest models to describe the response of explosives to mechanical stimulus in computer simulations were applied to intentional detonation (performance) of nearly ideal explosives. In this case, an ideal explosive is one with a vanishingly small reaction zone. A detonation is supersonic with respect to the undetonated explosive (reactant). The reactant cannot respond to the pressure of the detonation before the detonation front arrives, so the precise compressibility of the reactant does not matter. Further, the mesh sizes that were practical for the computer resources then available were large with respect to the reaction zone. As a result, methods then used to model detonations, known as {beta}-burn or program burn, were not intended to resolve the structure of the reaction zone. Instead, these methods spread the detonation front over a few finite-difference zones, in the same spirit that artificial viscosity is used to spread the shock front in inert materials over a few finite-difference zones. These methods are still widely used when the structure of the reaction zone and the build-up to detonation are unimportant. Later detonation models resolved the reaction zone. These models were applied both to performance, particularly as it is affected by the size of the charge, and to situations in which the stimulus was less than that needed for reliable performance, whether as a result of accident, hazard, or a fault in the detonation train. These models describe the build-up of detonation from a shock stimulus. They are generally consistent with the mesoscale picture of ignition at many small defects in the plane of the shock front and the growth of the resulting hot-spots, leading to detonation in heterogeneous explosives such as plastic-bonded explosives (PBX). The models included terms for ignition, and also for the growth of reaction as tracked by the local mass fraction of product gas, {lambda}. The growth of reaction in such models incorporates a form factor that describes the change of surface area per unit volume (specific surface area) as the reaction progresses. For unimolecular crystalline-based explosives, the form factor is consistent with the mesoscale picture of a galaxy of hot spots burning outward and eventually interacting with each other. For composite explosives and propellants, where the fuel and oxidizer are segregated, the diffusion flame at the fuel-oxidizer interface can be interpreted with a different form factor that corresponds to grains burning inward from their surfaces. The form factor influences the energy release rate, and the amount of energy released in the reaction zone. Since the 19th century, gun and cannon propellants have used perforated geometric shapes that produce an increasing surface area as the propellant burns. This helps maintain the pressure as burning continues while the projectile travels down the barrel, which thereby increases the volume of the hot gas. Interior ballistics calculations use a geometric form factor to describe the changing surface area precisely. As a result, with a suitably modified form factor, detonation models can represent burning and explosion in damaged and broken reactant. The disadvantage of such models in application to accidents is that the ignition term does not distinguish between a value of pressure that results from a shock, and the same pressure that results from a more gradual increase. This disagrees with experiments, where

  7. Holdren describes STs 'rightful place' in administration | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School football High SchoolBundlesHistory NewHoldren describes

  8. Angular momentum and torque described with the complex octonion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weng, Zi-Hua, E-mail: xmuwzh@xmu.edu.cn [School of Physics and Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China)

    2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper aims to adopt the complex octonion to formulate the angular momentum, torque, and force etc in the electromagnetic and gravitational fields. Applying the octonionic representation enables one single definition of angular momentum (or torque, force) to combine some physics contents, which were considered to be independent of each other in the past. J. C. Maxwell used simultaneously two methods, the vector terminology and quaternion analysis, to depict the electromagnetic theory. It motivates the paper to introduce the quaternion space into the field theory, describing the physical feature of electromagnetic and gravitational fields. The spaces of electromagnetic field and of gravitational field can be chosen as the quaternion spaces, while the coordinate component of quaternion space is able to be the complex number. The quaternion space of electromagnetic field is independent of that of gravitational field. These two quaternion spaces may compose one octonion space. Contrarily, one octonion space can be separated into two subspaces, the quaternion space and S-quaternion space. In the quaternion space, it is able to infer the field potential, field strength, field source, angular momentum, torque, and force etc in the gravitational field. In the S-quaternion space, it is capable of deducing the field potential, field strength, field source, current continuity equation, and electric (or magnetic) dipolar moment etc in the electromagnetic field. The results reveal that the quaternion space is appropriate to describe the gravitational features, including the torque, force, and mass continuity equation etc. The S-quaternion space is proper to depict the electromagnetic features, including the dipolar moment and current continuity equation etc. In case the field strength is weak enough, the force and the continuity equation etc can be respectively reduced to that in the classical field theory.

  9. Angular momentum and torque described with the complex octonion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zi-Hua Weng

    2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper aims to adopt the complex octonion to formulate the angular momentum, torque, and force etc in the electromagnetic and gravitational fields. Applying the octonionic representation enables one single definition of angular momentum (or torque, force) to combine some physics contents, which were considered to be independent of each other in the past. J. C. Maxwell used simultaneously two methods, the vector terminology and quaternion analysis, to depict the electromagnetic theory. It motivates the paper to introduce the quaternion space into the field theory, describing the physical feature of electromagnetic and gravitational fields. The spaces of two fields can be chosen as the quaternion spaces, while the coordinate component of quaternion space is able to be the complex number. The quaternion space of electromagnetic field is independent of that of gravitational field. These two quaternion spaces may compose one octonion space. Contrarily, one octonion space can be separated into two subspaces, the quaternion space and S-quaternion space. In the quaternion space, it is able to infer the field potential, field strength, field source, angular momentum, torque, and force etc in the gravitational field. In the S-quaternion space, it is capable of deducing the field potential, field strength, field source, current continuity equation, and electric (or magnetic) dipolar moment etc in the electromagnetic field. The results reveal that the quaternion space is appropriate to describe the gravitational features, including the torque, force, and mass continuity equation etc. The S-quaternion space is proper to depict the electromagnetic features, including the dipolar moment and current continuity equation etc. In case the field strength is weak enough, the force and the continuity equation etc can be respectively reduced to that in the classical field theory.

  10. CMB: The ultimate test for theoretical models aiming at describing the very early universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mairi Sakellariadou

    2001-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    In this talk, I will illustrate how one can use the cosmic microwave background anisotropy measurements, in order to test theoretical models aiming at describing the early universe.

  11. Sunspot Unit Areas: A New Parameter to Describe the Long-term Solar Variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    650011, China Big Bear Solar Observatory, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Big Bear City, CA 92314Sunspot Unit Areas: A New Parameter to Describe the Long-term Solar Variability K.J. Li1,2 , J. Qiu). It describes the daily average size of sunspots produced by the dynamo in a solar cycle. The monthly average

  12. Title: The automatic discovery of structural principles describing protein fold space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muggleton, Stephen H.

    Title: The automatic discovery of structural principles describing protein fold space Adrian P author Short title Describing protein fold space #12;Summary The study of protein structure has largely arrangements and in the wider context of protein folding, function and evolution. Given the complicated nature

  13. Frequency stabilization in nonlinear MEMS and NEMS oscillators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lopez, Omar Daniel; Antonio, Dario

    2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    An illustrative system includes an amplifier operably connected to a phase shifter. The amplifier is configured to amplify a voltage from an oscillator. The phase shifter is operably connected to a driving amplitude control, wherein the phase shifter is configured to phase shift the amplified voltage and is configured to set an amplitude of the phase shifted voltage. The oscillator is operably connected to the driving amplitude control. The phase shifted voltage drives the oscillator. The oscillator is at an internal resonance condition, based at least on the amplitude of the phase shifted voltage, that stabilizes frequency oscillations in the oscillator.

  14. NEM Interpolant for Fourth-Order PDEs Internal Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukumar, N.

    Sibson's coordinate in the Bernstein-B#19;ezier representation of a cubic simplex, a C 1( interpolant and in the #12;eld of computer-aided geometric design [10]. A review article on triangular Bernstein- B#19;ezier of a simplex Ã? 2 R n 1 . A Bernstein-B#19;ezier surface of degree m over the simplex Ã? can be written

  15. U.S. Regional Demand Forecasts Using NEMS and GIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Jesse A.; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Administration. 2004a. Annual Energy Outlook 2004. U.S.Assumptions of the Annual Energy Outlook 2004. DOE/EIA-0554(and Definitions AEO – Annual Energy Outlook ArcGIS - ESRI

  16. EIA Buildings Analysis of Consumer Behavior in NEMS

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 PV Wind Natural gas Other For more information 15 Behavioral Economics Experts Meeting,...

  17. Appendix C: Map of NEMS Electricity Market Module Regions

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion CubicPotentialNov-14 Dec-14 Jan-1538,469Appendix E44 Reference4

  18. Analysis and Representation of Miscellaneous Electric Loads in NEMS -

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 OilU.S. OffshoreOil andEnergy

  19. Overview of NEMS-H2, Version 1.0

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in ManyDepartmentOutreach toTransmissionProgramTechnologies

  20. NEMS Freight Transportation Module Improvement Study - Energy Information

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Saleshttp://www.fnal.gov/directorate/nalcal/nalcal02_07_05_files/nalcal.gif Directorate - Events - Fermilab

  1. Title of Dissertation: A COGNITIVE FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYZING AND DESCRIBING INTRODUCTORY STUDENTS' USE AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    ABSTRACT Title of Dissertation: A COGNITIVE FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYZING AND DESCRIBING INTRODUCTORY Dissertation directed by: Professor Edward F. Redish Department of Physics Many introductory, algebra Tuminaro Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Maryland

  2. Classical potential describes martensitic phase transformations between the , , and titanium phases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkins, John

    Classical potential describes martensitic phase transformations between the , , and titanium phases of titanium that includes nucleation and growth requires an accurate classical potential. Optimization transformations. Molecular-dynamics simulations map out the pressure-temperature phase diagram of titanium

  3. Electric-Field Control of Magnetism Intrinsic magnetoelectric coupling describes the microscopic interaction between magnetic and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroncelli, Mark

    Electric-Field Control of Magnetism Intrinsic magnetoelectric coupling describes the microscopic interaction between magnetic and electric polarization in a single-phase material. The control of the magnetic of the two interactions. Moderate biaxial compression precipitates local magnetic competition

  4. Creating a meta model describing a production system's concepts and their relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Peter

    . The responsibility of this control entity is to make a planning, based on the incoming orders and what has happened.............................................................................................................................18 Planning and controlCreating a meta model describing a production system's concepts and their relations Freek van den

  5. On the construction and properties of weak solutions describing dynamic cavitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miroshnikov, Alexey

    On the construction and properties of weak solutions describing dynamic cavitation (In: Journal associated with dynamically cavitating solutions coincides with the critical stretching in the bifurcation with contents. Keywords: Cavitation, Shock wave, Polyconvex elasticity Mathematics Subject Classification: 35L67

  6. Carbon flow and ecosystem dynamics in the Mississippi River plume described by inverse analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breed, Greg Allen

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2002 Major Subject: Oceanography CARBON FLOW AND ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS IN THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER PLUME DESCRIBED BY INVERSE ANALYSIS A Thesis by GREG ALLEN BREED Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial... of Department) December 2002 Major Sublect: Oceanography ABSTRACT Carbon Flow and Ecosystem Dynamics in the Mississippi River Plume Described by Inverse Analysis. (December 2002) Greg Allen Breed, B. S. , University of Minnesota Chair of Advisory...

  7. Navier-Stokes equation describes the movement of a special superfluid medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sbitnev, Valeriy I

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Navier-Stokes equation contains two terms which have been subjected to slight modification: (a) the viscosity term depends of time (the viscosity in average on time is zero, but its variance is nonzero); (b) the pressure gradient contains an added term describing the entropy gradient multiplied by the pressure. Owing to these modifications, the Navier-Stokes equation can be reduced to the Schr\\"odinger equation describing behavior of a particle into the vacuum, where the vacuum is a superfluid medium. Vortex structures arising in this medium show infinitely long life owing to zero average viscosity. The nonzero variance describes exchange of the vortex energy with zero-point energy of the vacuum. Radius of the vortex trembles around some average value. This observation sheds the light to the Zitterbewegung phenomenon. The vortex has a non-zero core where the vortex velocity vanishes. Its organization is discussed with the point of view of the Calabi-Yau manifold.

  8. Plasmon Length: A Universal Parameter to Describe Size Effects in Gold Nanoparticles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marks, Laurence D.

    Plasmon Length: A Universal Parameter to Describe Size Effects in Gold Nanoparticles Emilie Ringe surface plasmon resonances are central to many sensing and signal transmission applications. Tuning of the plasmon energy and line width through particle size and shape is critical to the design of such devices

  9. The ChiCI Group This paper describes the work, the vision, and the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    welcomes associate members from similar research groups around the globe. Eight of the full membersThe ChiCI Group Abstract This paper describes the work, the vision, and the approach of the Child Computer Interaction (ChiCI) group at the University of Central Lancashire in the UK. This group, formed

  10. 76 PostErs EMBnet.journal 19.B An ontology describing congenital heart defects data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    76 PostErs EMBnet.journal 19.B An ontology describing congenital heart defects data Charalampos interests: the authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Abstract Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are a group of diseases characterized by a structural anomaly of the heart that is pre- sent

  11. ABSTRACT: This paper describes one Learning in Optimal Non-linear Control *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John Barratt

    Functional ABSTRACT: This paper describes one Learning in Optimal Non-linear Control * ~. Irlicht of nonfinear systems is to apply f{.~wiback control based on plant linearization and application of linear qll)irve robustness in optimization control working with a linearized .tatr-depenrlent plant model. I;vel] wit 1

  12. A simplified approach to describe complex diffusers in displacement ventilation for CFD simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    A simplified approach to describe complex diffusers in displacement ventilation for CFD simulations to improve indoor air quality while simultaneously reduce energy demand, displacement ventilation is becom ent ventilation usin g com putational fluid dynamics (CFD) is challenging due to the com plexity

  13. The completeness of taxonomic inventories for describing the global diversity and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Ransom A.

    The completeness of taxonomic inventories for describing the global diversity and distribution University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada B3H 4J1 Taxonomic inventories (or species censuses) are the most to the completeness of taxonomic inventories can have far-reaching consequences. Here, we used the largest publicly

  14. FLOOD WARNING SYSTEM This brochure describes the flood warning system operated by the Australian Government,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    's Flood Warning Centre in Brisbane. The system provides early warning of heavy rainfall and river risesFLOOD WARNING SYSTEM for the DON RIVER This brochure describes the flood warning system operated Local Information Don ALERT System Flood Warnings and Bulletins Interpreting Flood Warnings and River

  15. Application of Optimal Control to a System Describing Tumor Anti-Angiogenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ledzewicz, Urszula

    Application of Optimal Control to a System Describing Tumor Anti-Angiogenesis Urszula Ledzewicz of optimal protocols. The most typical scenario of optimal controls is given by first giving full dose minimum. Keywords-- optimal control, mathematical models for can- cer treatments, anti-angiogenic therapy

  16. How to retrieve multimedia documents described by MPEG-7 Nastaran Fatemi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lalmas, Mounia

    1 How to retrieve multimedia documents described by MPEG-7 Nastaran Fatemi 1 , Mounia Lalmas 2 of web pages so that to considerably improve the access to this content. Bringing meaning to multimedia content is the aim of the MPEG-7 standard. However, merely attaching MPEG-7 descriptions to multimedia

  17. SCS&E Report 9309 Using CSP+T to Describe a Timing Constrained

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    SCS&E Report 9309 July, 1993 Using CSP+T to Describe a Timing Constrained Stop-and-Wait Protocol This paper presents a novel description of a time-constrained stop and wait protocol using an extended CSP rate limi- tations and message timeouts. The extended CSP model used for this example is based

  18. Abstract PCR recombination describes a process of in vitro chimera formation from non-identical templates.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wendel, Jonathan F.

    Abstract PCR recombination describes a process of in vitro chimera formation from non") in a common nu- cleus, intergenic chimeras can form during the PCR am- plification of any gene. Here we report transcripts amplified via RT-PCR (Zaphiropoulos 1998). Chimera formation appears to be minimally influenced

  19. Invasive species Invasive species have been described as the second-greatest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Mark A.

    ····· Invasive species Invasive species have been described as the second-greatest extinction species a major cause of animal extinctions, or has the extinction threat of invasive species been exaggerated? By what mechanisms have invasive species driven animal species to extinction? Are certain animal

  20. draft ACE Co-Curricular Request Form Describe the co-curricular activity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    draft ACE Co-Curricular Request Form Describe the co-curricular activity: Identify the ACE Learning Outcome that is proposed to be satisfied by this co-curricular activity: ______ The Outcomes or skills that would be reinforced by the co-curricular activity (check as many as apply): Writing Oral Communication

  1. An Approach for Describing Heterogeneous Web Resources in a Unified Schema Ran Tang and Ying Zou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zou, Ying

    1 An Approach for Describing Heterogeneous Web Resources in a Unified Schema Ran Tang and Ying Zou.zou}@queensu.ca Abstract-- Web resources can be located and accessed through the Internet to provide information and functionalities to users. However, different types of web resources (e.g., Web Services, RESTful services

  2. Abstract--This paper describes experimental results aiming at analyzing lithium-ion batteries performances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Abstract--This paper describes experimental results aiming at analyzing lithium-ion batteries (SOH) of cells. Index Terms--Lithium-ion batteries, Aging, EIS, State Of Charge, State Of Health, Fuzzy Logic System. I. INTRODUCTION Lithium ion secondary batteries are now being used in wide applications

  3. Vine Copulas as a Way to Describe and Analyze Multi-Variate Dependence in Econometrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreinovich, Vladik

    Vine Copulas as a Way to Describe and Analyze Multi-Variate Dependence in Econometrics and analyzing multi-variate dependence in econometrics; see, e.g., [1­3, 7, 9­11, 13, 14, 21]. Our experience problems of econometrics, there is still a lot of confusion and misunderstanding related to vine copulas

  4. High Performance Computing (HPC) Survey 1. Choose the category that best describes you

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Stephen John

    High Performance Computing (HPC) Survey 1. Choose the category that best describes you Response on your (home or work) computer to access the High Performance Computing Facilities (HPC) - (tick all High Performance Computing (HPC) Facilities? Response Percent Response Count Daily 26.7% 23 Weekly 27

  5. The two faces of network dynamics Evolving network models describe the dynamics (assembly, evolution)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albert, Réka

    with a random network with a given degree distribution P(k). Mark edges with probability T. DisregardThe two faces of network dynamics Evolving network models describe the dynamics (assembly, evolution) OF networks by the addition/removal of nodes and edges. It is possible to have network dynamics

  6. An Active Oscillator Model Describes the Statistics of Spontaneous Otoacoustic Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juelicher, Frank

    Article An Active Oscillator Model Describes the Statistics of Spontaneous Otoacoustic Emissions, sounds that are known as spontaneous otoacoustic emissions. They are a signature of the active amplification mechanism in the cochlea. Emissions occur at frequencies that are unique for an individual

  7. On the use of proper orthogonal decomposition to describe inflow turbulence and wind turbine loads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manuel, Lance

    On the use of proper orthogonal decomposition to describe inflow turbulence and wind turbine loads, USA Keywords: Proper Orthogonal Decomposition, inflow turbulence, wind turbine ABSTRACT: We discuss experienced by a wind turbine. A methodology is proposed that employs low- dimensional POD models

  8. EVAPORATION LAW IN KINETIC GRAVITATIONAL SYSTEMS DESCRIBED BY SIMPLIFIED LANDAU MODELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Méhats, Florian

    EVAPORATION LAW IN KINETIC GRAVITATIONAL SYSTEMS DESCRIBED BY SIMPLIFIED LANDAU MODELS PIERRE to a mathematical and numerical study of a simplified kinetic model for evaporation phenomena in gravitational) is the gravitational potential and (u) is the following 3 Ã? 3 matrix (u)ij = |u|2ij - uiuj |u|2 , (1.2) 1 #12;2 P

  9. Platform Based Designs for Future MPSoC Architectures This paper describes our communication centric platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslan, Tughrul

    Platform Based Designs for Future MPSoC Architectures ABSTRACT This paper describes our communication centric platform based designs for future multi-processor system-on-chip (MPSoC) architectures. The proposed platforms have built in controller, thus making the heterogeneous IPs (reconfigurable, fixed

  10. Can gas hydrate structures be described using classical simulations? Maria M. Conde,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBride, Carl

    Can gas hydrate structures be described using classical simulations? Maria M. Conde,1 Carlos Vega,1.1063/1.3353953 I. INTRODUCTION Gas hydrates are icelike inclusion compounds formed from a matrix of water path-integral simulations of the hydrate solid structures have been performed using the recently

  11. Nanotechnology has variously been described as a transformative technology, an enabling technology, and the next technological

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeck, Peter

    Nanotechnology has variously been described as a transformative technology, an enabling technology nanotechnology having a significant impact on society over the coming decades. However, enthusiasm over the rate. As nanotechnology moves toward widespread commercialization, not only is the debate over preventing adverse

  12. Core - Corona Model describes the Centrality Dependence of v_2/epsilon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Aichelin; K. Werner

    2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Event by event EPOS calculations in which the expansion of the system is described by {\\it ideal} hydrodynamics reproduce well the measured centrality dependence of $v_2/\\epsilon_{part}$, although it has been claimed that only viscous hydrodynamics can reproduce these data. This is due to the core - corona effect which manifests itself in the initial condition of the hydrodynamical expansion. The centrality dependence of $v_2/\\epsilon_{part}$ can be understood in the recently advanced core-corona model, a simple parameter free EPOS inspired model to describe the centrality dependence of different observables from SPS to RHIC energies. This model has already been successfully applied to understand the centrality dependence of multiplicities and of the average transverse momentum of identified particles.

  13. Is one dimensional return map sufficient to describe the chaotic dynamics of a three dimensional system?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayan Mukherjee; Sanjay Kumar Palit; D K Bhattacharya

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Study of continuous dynamical system through Poincare map is one of the most popular topics in nonlinear analysis. This is done by taking intersections of the orbit of flow by a hyper-plane parallel to one of the coordinate hyper-planes of co-dimension one. Naturally for a 3D-attractor, the Poincare map gives rise to 2D points, which can describe the dynamics of the attractor properly. In a very special case, sometimes these 2D points are considered as their 1D-projections to obtain a 1D map. However, this is an artificial way of reducing the 2D map by dropping one of the variables. Sometimes it is found that the two coordinates of the points on the Poincare section are functionally related. This also reduces the 2D Poincare map to a 1D map. This reduction is natural, and not artificial as mentioned above. In the present study, this issue is being highlighted. In fact, we find out some examples, which show that even this natural reduction of the 2D Poincare map is not always justified, because the resultant 1D map may fail to generate the original dynamics. This proves that to describe the dynamics of the 3D chaotic attractor, the minimum dimension of the Poincare map must be two, in general.

  14. Superconductors described with CSM.(a new paper, 2008-10-16)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian De Cao

    2008-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The properties of the known superconductors can be explained with the correlations dominated superconducting mechanism (CSM). The correlations have the spin correlation, the charge correlation and the spin-charge correlation, and their strengths can be described by the related correlation lengths in their correlation functions. Our evaluation from many superconductors is that superconductivities occur if both the spin correlation and the charge correlation are stronger, and the calculation of a Hubbard model showed that the spin-charge correlation may govern superconductivities1. Afterwards, this mechanism has led a model which includes various superconductivities and magnetisms, and the relation between superconductivities and magnetisms can be understood on this model2 (these results have been shown by calculations). This mechanism is very practical, for example, to turn a material into a superconductor or increase the Tc of a superconductor, what we will do is to increase the spin-charge correlation. In this letter, we first describe the relations between the spin-charge correlation, the spin correlation and the charge correlation, take these relations as the basis of constructing a new phase diagram, and then classify the known superconductors into various sections in this phase diagram. This letter also gives a new explanation about the pressure effect on Tc, the isotope effect on Tc and the pairing symmetry with the CSM.

  15. Fourier Heat Conduction as a phenomenon described within the scope of the Second Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jesudason, Christopher G

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The historical development of the Carnot cycle necessitated the construction of isothermal and adiabatic pathways within the cycle that were also mechanically "reversible" which lead eventually to the Kelvin-Clausius development of the entropy function where the heat absorption is for the diathermal (isothermal) paths of the cycle only. It is deduced from traditional arguments that Fourier heat conduction involves mechanically "reversible" heat transfer with irreversible entropy increase. Here we model heat conduction as a thermodynamically reversible but mechanically irreversible process. The MD simulations conducted shows excellent agreement with the theory. Such views and results as these, if developed to a successful conclusion could imply that the Carnot cycle be viewed as describing a local process of energy-work conversion and that irreversible local processes might be brought within the scope of this cycle, implying a unified treatment of thermodynamically (i) irreversible, (ii) reversible, (iii) isot...

  16. Reconciling taxonomy and phylogenetic inference: formalism and algorithms for describing discord and inferring taxonomic roots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsen, Frederick A

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although taxonomy is often used informally to evaluate the results of phylogenetic inference and find the root of phylogenetic trees, algorithmic methods to do so are lacking. In this paper we formalize these procedures and develop algorithms to solve the relevant problems. In particular, we introduce a new algorithm that solves a "uncoloring" problem for expressing the difference between the taxonomy and phylogeny at a given rank. This algorithm improves upon the current best algorithm in terms of asymptotic complexity for the parameter regime of interest; we also describe a branch-and-bound algorithm that saves orders of magnitude in computation on real data sets. We also develop a formalism and an algorithm for rooting phylogenetic trees according to a taxonomy. All of these algorithms are implemented in freely-available software.

  17. Proton radioactivity described by covariant density functional theory with Similarity Renormalization Group method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiang Zhao; Jian Min Dong; Jun Ling Song; Wen Hui Long

    2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Half-life of proton radioactivity of spherical proton emitters is studied within the scheme of covariant density functional (CDF) theory, and for the first time the potential barrier that prevents the emitted proton is extracted with the similarity renormalization group (SRG) method, in which the spin-orbit potential along with the others that turn out to be non-negligible can be derived automatically. The spectroscopic factor that is significant is also extracted from the CDF calculations. The estimated half-lives are found in good agreement with the experimental values, which not only confirms the validity of the CDF theory in describing the proton-rich nuclei, but also indicates the prediction power of present approach to calculate the half-lives and in turn to extract the structural information of proton emitters.

  18. Failure of semiclassical models to describe resistivity of nanometric, polycrystalline tungsten films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, Dooho [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Korea Railroad Research Institute, 360-1 Woulam, Uiwang, Kyunggi 437-757 (Korea, Republic of); Liu, Xuan [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Schelling, Patrick K. [Advanced Materials Processing and Analysis Center and Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Boulevard, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States); Coffey, Kevin R. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Boulevard, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States); Barmak, Katayun [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, 500 West 120th Street, New York, New York 10027 (United States)

    2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The impact of electron scattering at surfaces and grain boundaries in nanometric polycrystalline tungsten (W) films was studied. A series of polycrystalline W films ranging in thickness from 10 to 310?nm and lateral grain size from 74 to 133?nm were prepared on thermally oxidized Si. The Fuchs-Sondheimer surface-scattering model and Mayadas-Shatzkes grain-boundary scattering model were employed for quantitative analyses. Predictions from the theoretical models were found to deviate systematically from the experimental data. Possible reasons for the failure of the theoretical models to describe the experimental data are explored. Finally, a discussion of the crucial features lacking from existing models is presented, along with possible avenues for improving the models to result in better agreement with experimental data.

  19. Carbon oxidation state as a metric for describing the chemistry of atmospheric organic aerosol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Kroll, Jesse H.; Donahue, Neil M.; Jimenez, Jose L.; Kessler, Sean H.; Canagaratna, Manjula R.; Wilson, Kevin R.; Altieri, Katye E.; Mazzoleni, Lynn R.; Wozniak, Andrew S.; Bluhm, Hendrik; Mysak, Erin R.; Smith, Jared D.; Kolb, Charles E.; Worsnop, Douglas R.

    2010-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A detailed understanding of the sources, transformations, and fates of organic species in the environment is crucial because of the central roles that organics play in human health, biogeochemical cycles, and Earth's climate. However, such an understanding is hindered by the immense chemical complexity of environmental mixtures of organics; for example, atmospheric organic aerosol consists of at least thousands of individual compounds, all of which likely evolve chemically over their atmospheric lifetimes. Here we demonstrate the utility of describing organic aerosol (and other complex organic mixtures) in terms of average carbon oxidation state (OSC), a quantity that always increases with oxidation, and is readily measured using state-of-the-art analytical techniques. Field and laboratory measurements of OSC , using several such techniques, constrain the chemical properties of the organics and demonstrate that the formation and evolution of organic aerosol involves simultaneous changes to both carbon oxidation state and carbon number (nC).

  20. Fourier Heat Conduction as a phenomenon described within the scope of the Second Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher G. Jesudason

    2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The historical development of the Carnot cycle necessitated the construction of isothermal and adiabatic pathways within the cycle that were also mechanically "reversible" which lead eventually to the Kelvin-Clausius development of the entropy function where the heat absorption is for the diathermal (isothermal) paths of the cycle only. It is deduced from traditional arguments that Fourier heat conduction involves mechanically "reversible" heat transfer with irreversible entropy increase. Here we model heat conduction as a thermodynamically reversible but mechanically irreversible process. The MD simulations conducted shows excellent agreement with the theory. Such views and results as these, if developed to a successful conclusion could imply that the Carnot cycle be viewed as describing a local process of energy-work conversion and that irreversible local processes might be brought within the scope of this cycle, implying a unified treatment of thermodynamically (i) irreversible, (ii) reversible, (iii) isothermal and (iv) adiabatic processes.

  1. A Dark Energy Model interacting with Dark Matter described by an effective EoS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martiros Khurshudyan

    2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In this latter author would like to consider interaction between a dark energy based on Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) and a Dark Matter described by effective EoS: $P = (\\gamma-1)\\rho+p_{0}+\\omega_{H}H+\\omega_{H2}H^{2}+\\omega_{dH}\\dot{H}$ [1]-[3], which could be interpreted as a modification concerning to the some interaction between fluid $P=(\\gamma-1)\\rho$ with different components of the Darkness of the Universe. Two types of interaction, called sign-changeable, $Q=q(3Hb\\rho_{m}+\\beta\\dot{\\rho}_{m})$ [4],[5] and $Q=3Hb\\rho_{m}+\\beta\\dot{\\rho}_{m}$ are considered. EoS parameter of the mixture $\\omega_{tot}$ are investigated. Statefinder diagnostics provided also.

  2. Induced codeposition. 2: A mathematical model describing the electrodeposition of Ni-Mo alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Podlaha, E.J.; Landolt, D. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (Switzerland)

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A steady-state mathematical model was developed to predict the behavior of the induced codeposition of Ni-Mo alloys in the kinetic and mass-transport controlled regions on rotating cylinder electrodes. The kinetic regions were characterized by a simple Tafel expression. A Nernst boundary layer representation described the mass transfer of ions through a diffusion layer. The governing features of the induced codeposition mechanism included soluble nickel acting as a catalyst to the molybdenum deposition and the generation of an absorbed intermediate species on the electrode surface. The resulting alloy composition was simulated for two electrolytes over a wide range of current densities and electrode rotation rates. The model predictions agreed with the observed trends in the experimental data.

  3. Cosmological model with viscosity media (dark fluid) described by an effective equation of state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Ren; Xin He Meng

    2005-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A generally parameterized equation of state (EOS) is investigated in the cosmological evolution with bulk viscosity media modelled as dark fluid, which can be regarded as a unification of dark energy and dark matter. Compared with the case of the perfect fluid, this EOS has possessed four additional parameters, which can be interpreted as the case of the non-perfect fluid with time-dependent viscosity or the model with variable cosmological constant. From this general EOS, a completely integrable dynamical equation to the scale factor is obtained with its solution explicitly given out. (i) In this parameterized model of cosmology, for a special choice of the parameters we can explain the late-time accelerating expansion universe in a new view. The early inflation, the median (relatively late time) deceleration, and the recently cosmic acceleration may be unified in a single equation. (ii) A generalized relation of the Hubble parameter scaling with the redshift is obtained for some cosmology interests. (iii) By using the SNe Ia data to fit the effective viscosity model we show that the case of matter described by $p=0$ plus with effective viscosity contributions can fit the observational gold data in an acceptable level

  4. A flowing plasma model to describe drift waves in a cylindrical helicon discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, L.; Hole, M. J.; Corr, C. S. [Plasma Research Laboratory, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A two-fluid model developed originally to describe wave oscillations in the vacuum arc centrifuge, a cylindrical, rapidly rotating, low temperature, and confined plasma column, is applied to interpret plasma oscillations in a RF generated linear magnetized plasma [WOMBAT (waves on magnetized beams and turbulence)], with similar density and field strength. Compared to typical centrifuge plasmas, WOMBAT plasmas have slower normalized rotation frequency, lower temperature, and lower axial velocity. Despite these differences, the two-fluid model provides a consistent description of the WOMBAT plasma configuration and yields qualitative agreement between measured and predicted wave oscillation frequencies with axial field strength. In addition, the radial profile of the density perturbation predicted by this model is consistent with the data. Parameter scans show that the dispersion curve is sensitive to the axial field strength and the electron temperature, and the dependence of oscillation frequency with electron temperature matches the experiment. These results consolidate earlier claims that the density and floating potential oscillations are a resistive drift mode, driven by the density gradient. To our knowledge, this is the first detailed physics model of flowing plasmas in the diffusion region away from the RF source. Possible extensions to the model, including temperature nonuniformity and magnetic field oscillations, are also discussed.

  5. Exact solution for the Green's function describing time-dependent thermal Comptonization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter A. Becker

    2003-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain an exact, closed-form expression for the time-dependent Green's function solution to the Kompaneets equation. The result, which is expressed as the integral of a product of two Whittaker functions, describes the evolution in energy space of a photon distribution that is initially monoenergetic. Effects of spatial transport within a homogeneous scattering cloud are also included within the formalism. The Kompaneets equation that we solve includes both the recoil and energy diffusion terms, and therefore our solution for the Green's function approaches the Wien spectrum at large times. We show that the Green's function can be used to generate all of the previously known steady-state and time-dependent solutions to the Kompaneets equation. The new solution allows the direct determination of the spectrum, without the need to numerically solve the partial differential equation. Based upon the Green's function, we obtain a new time-dependent solution for the photon distribution resulting from the reprocessing of an optically thin bremsstrahlung initial spectrum with a low-energy cutoff. The new bremsstrahlung solution possesses a finite photon number density, and therefore it displays proper equilibration to a Wien spectrum at large times. The relevance of our results for the interpretation of emission from variable X-ray sources is discussed, with particular attention to the production of hard X-ray time lags, and the Compton broadening of narrow features such as iron lines.

  6. Gary M. Bone, Andrew Lambert and Mark Edwards Abstract This paper describes the development of a novel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bone, Gary

    Gary M. Bone, Andrew Lambert and Mark Edwards Abstract ­ This paper describes the development from the top of a pile was described by Taylor, Blake and Cox [3]. They used a wrist-mounted camera

  7. A technical framework to describe occupant behavior for building energy simulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turner , William; Hong , Tianzhen

    2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Green buildings that fail to meet expected design performance criteria indicate that technology alone does not guarantee high performance. Human influences are quite often simplified and ignored in the design, construction, and operation of buildings. Energy-conscious human behavior has been demonstrated to be a significant positive factor for improving the indoor environment while reducing the energy use of buildings. In our study we developed a new technical framework to describe energy-related human behavior in buildings. The energy-related behavior includes accounting for individuals and groups of occupants and their interactions with building energy services systems, appliances and facilities. The technical framework consists of four key components: i. the drivers behind energy-related occupant behavior, which are biological, societal, environmental, physical, and economical in nature ii. the needs of the occupants are based on satisfying criteria that are either physical (e.g. thermal, visual and acoustic comfort) or non-physical (e.g. entertainment, privacy, and social reward) iii. the actions that building occupants perform when their needs are not fulfilled iv. the systems with which an occupant can interact to satisfy their needs The technical framework aims to provide a standardized description of a complete set of human energy-related behaviors in the form of an XML schema. For each type of behavior (e.g., occupants opening/closing windows, switching on/off lights etc.) we identify a set of common behaviors based on a literature review, survey data, and our own field study and analysis. Stochastic models are adopted or developed for each type of behavior to enable the evaluation of the impact of human behavior on energy use in buildings, during either the design or operation phase. We will also demonstrate the use of the technical framework in assessing the impact of occupancy behavior on energy saving technologies. The technical framework presented is part of our human behavior research, a 5-year program under the U.S. - China Clean Energy Research Center for Building Energy Efficiency.

  8. Proposal for ENDF formats that describe emission of post-fission beta-delayed photons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, D; Pruet, J; Hedstrom, G; Hall, J; Descalle, M

    2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Fission of heavy nuclides is accompanied by the birth of neutron rich fragment nuclei born in highly excited states. Following emission of prompt neutrons and {gamma}-rays, these fragments are typically left with atomic numbers that are 3-4 units smaller than stable nuclei with the same mass number. As these nuclides undergo {beta} decay to reach stability, a large number of {gamma}-rays are emitted. Figure 1 illustrates some of the processes leading to emission of {beta} delayed photons. A variety of applications (most notably those concerned with the detection and identification of clandestine fissile material) would benefit from a clear description of the spectral and temporal evolution of these {gamma}-rays. This proposal describes formats for representing emission of delayed photons and is based on the analysis presented in. At the present time, no single evaluated data set exists that directly provides for the temporal evolution of {gamma} rays from the decay of the fission products. However, evaluated data sets containing all of the physical parameters required for such calculations have been prepared. These include estimates of the independent and cumulative fission yields of all fission products, branching ratios in the decay of ground and isomeric states, lifetimes of these states, and the spectra of {gamma} rays emitted in their decay. Sizeable uncertainties and possibly significant errors are likely present concerning the shortest-lived fission products. However, the high-energy {gamma}-ray spectra generated from some of these data sets have been shown to be in reasonable agreement with initial experiments designed specifically to test them under conditions likely to be of interest to interrogation of sea-going cargo containers. For clarity we emphasize that the relationship between delayed neutron emission and delayed photon emission is tenuous. Only a small fraction of fission fragments - typically those characterized by large decay Q values - undergo {beta}{sup -}n emission. However, essentially all fission fragment decays result in the emission of a few photons. Also, it would be impractical to accurately specify and measure energies of delayed neutrons. By contrast, most fission fragments have decay spectra known to sub-keV accuracy that are readily resolved with inexpensive field HpGe detectors.

  9. Mossbauer spectra of single-domain fine particle systems described using a multiple-level relaxation model for superparamagnets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Dominic

    Mo¨ssbauer spectra of single-domain fine particle systems described using a multiple successfully describes the Mo¨ssbauer spectra of real fine particle systems at all temperatures of interest moments are blocked, Mo¨ssbauer spectra can be described with static hyperfine fields. With an increase

  10. Mossbauer spectra of single-domain ne particle systems described using a multiple-level relaxation model for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Dominic

    Mossbauer spectra of single-domain #12;ne particle systems described using a multiple describes the Mossbauer spectra of real #12;ne particle systems at all temperatures of interest, and yields temperatures, when all moments are blocked, Mossbauer spectra can be described with static hyper#12;ne #12

  11. Abstract--In this paper we describe preliminary results from a collaborative effort between ITAM's Robotics Lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weitzenfeld, Alfredo

    Abstract--In this paper we describe preliminary results from a collaborative effort between ITAM describes ITAM's Eagle Knights Small-Size RoboCup team; Section 3 presents an extension to the global effort between ITAM´s Robotics Laboratory and UCSC's i- NRG on adding ad-hoc networking capabilities

  12. This paper describes non-ideal properties of batteries and how these properties may impact power-performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Tom

    Abstract This paper describes non-ideal properties of batteries and how these properties may impact the characteristics of an ideal battery and how these characteristics are used in sizing batteries and estimating are described. The paper then covers results from a first-prin- ciples, variable-load battery model, showing

  13. As a starting point, can you briefly outline your current study and what you

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviatt, Candace

    of pollutants to the Bay. Current infrastructure includes transportation, hospitals, schools, scrap metals the Industrial Revolution started in Rhode Island, the current levels of industry are low and not a major source and light industries, among others. In recent years sewage treatment facilities have been the main source

  14. Thesis development The following briefly summarizes the development of my project from the initial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    knew we wanted to try to date old moraine sequences in Patagonia, but we did not know exactly where travelled over 12,000 kilometers across the length and breadth of Argentine Patagonia and had a truck Patagonia in Esquel was willing to store the stones and arrange shipment to the UK. Back in Edinburgh, Steve

  15. surveys. We will briefly consider panel rotation and survey mode errors.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, University of

    of the American Statistical Association 70: 23­30 Biemer P P, Groves R M, Lyberg L E, Mathiowetz N A, Sudman respondent selection within the household. Journal of the American Statistical Association 44: 380­7 Kish L American Association for Public Opinion Research 1998 Stan- dard definitions: Final dispositions of case

  16. Net Zero Design Yields Positive Results "Net zero" is used to describe a building designed to provide as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    Net Zero Design Yields Positive Results "Net zero" is used to describe a building designed federal buildings in the planning process as of 2020 or later must be designed to meet net zero standards

  17. Abstract--This paper describes an approach for choosing and updating measurement weights used in weighted least squares

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -- Auto Tuning; Measurement Weights; Power System State Estimation; Random Error Variances. I is not always true. M is used for estimating measurement e1 Abstract--This paper describes an approach for choosing and updating measurement weights used

  18. Selye originally described stress as a nonspecific response of the body to any demand placed upon it1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Zhen

    Selye originally described stress as a nonspecific response of the body to any demand placed upon controlling extinction of conditioned fear13,14 . Moreover, impaired PFC function and plasticity is thought

  19. Abstract--A measurement calibration method is described in this paper. The proposed method identifies calibration models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in state estima- tion. Measurement calibration at the substation is a labor intensive and costly process that is described in [2]-[3] is executed at individual substations by taking advantage of the redundancy provided

  20. Superhomework, Term 2 The purpose of the following is to describe facts that we will need in orde*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Identify the reduced model. In particular, what is the potential energy and* * what is the mass term Superhomework, Term 2 The purpose of the following is to describe facts that we will need be interested in flat models (for the supermani* *folds on which the quantum field theory is formulated

  1. Superhomework, Term 2 The purpose of the following is to describe facts that we will need in order to study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the reduced model. In particular, what is the potential energy and what is the mass term for the fermionsSuperhomework, Term 2 The purpose of the following is to describe facts that we will need in order to study supersymmetric quantum field theories. In doing so, we will mainly be interested in flat models

  2. 5 Management Plan The management plan described in this section is a culmination of extraordinary efforts by the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    work together to "derive" and establish the key elements of the Management Plan. Assessment290 5 Management Plan The management plan described in this section is a culmination as a laborious result of carrying out the assessment and inventory work and formation of the vision, goals

  3. Chapter 2. International research context The research work on mathematical infinity, which will be described in chapters 3 and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    will be described in chapters 3 and 4, is to be considered within today's scenario of mathematical didactics of fundamental didactics (Henry, 1991; D'Amore, 1999). This notion includes all the basic elements related to the research in mathematical didactics, deriving from the numerous and complex analyses of so-called "triangle

  4. Wholesale Electricity Price Forecast This appendix describes the wholesale electricity price forecast of the Fifth Northwest Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wholesale Electricity Price Forecast This appendix describes the wholesale electricity price as traded on the wholesale, short-term (spot) market at the Mid-Columbia trading hub. This price represents noted. BASE CASE FORECAST The base case wholesale electricity price forecast uses the Council's medium

  5. Modeling Spike Trains from Area This chapter describes the application of a motion energy model to the dynamic dot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bair, Wyeth

    74 Chapter 6 Modeling Spike Trains from Area MT This chapter describes the application of a motion energy model to the dynamic dot stimulus. We wanted to know whether the precise temporal modulation widely compared to electrophysiological data from both area MT and its V1 inputs (Heeger, 1987; Grzywacz

  6. This document will help you understand the statistics commonly used to describe wind when it is studied

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Collaborative's Renewable En- ergy Trust Fund, the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory brings you this seriesThis document will help you understand the statistics commonly used to describe wind when Renewable Energy Research Laboratory, University of Massachusetts at Amherst Community Wind Power Fact Sheet

  7. Resumen--En este trabajo se describe la aplicacin de tcnicas de descubrimiento de reglas de descripcin de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    Resumen-- En este trabajo se describe la aplicación de técnicas de descubrimiento de reglas de enseñanza a distancia Moodle. El objetivo consiste en extraer reglas que describan relaciones entre el uso a distancia, algoritmos evolutivos, reglas difusas. I. INTRODUCCI�N En la actualidad existe un incremento de

  8. This paper describes the use of Bayesian networks (BNs) to model the operational risk to information technology (IT)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neil, Martin

    to information technology (IT) infrastructure in financial and other institutions. We describe a methodology risk in other industries, especially the Aviation and Nuclear sectors, readily translate to operational infrastructure in financial institutions Martin neil1 Professor of Computer Science and Statistics, Queen Mary

  9. In the paper, we describe an optical system which is capable of providing external access to both the sensor and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hua, Hong

    an intermediate image plane which is optically conjugated to the camera sensor. As indicated by its name, a relayAbstract In the paper, we describe an optical system which is capable of providing external access to both the sensor and the lens aperture (i.e., projection center) of a conventional camera. The proposed

  10. Cogeneration and Distributed Generation1 This appendix describes cogeneration and distributed generating resources. Also provided is an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    expansion and loads needing additional electrical reliability or power quality. This introductory section of the barriers to the development of cogeneration. The final section describes solar photovoltaic technology. · Reliability upgrade for systems susceptible to outages. · Alternative to the expansion of transmission

  11. 6. Hood River Subbasin Management Plan This Chapter presents a vision that describes goals or desired future conditions for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    175 6. Hood River Subbasin Management Plan This Chapter presents a vision that describes goals for this Management Plan is 10-15 years. The Ecosystem Diagnosis and Treatment (EDT) model was used in the Hood River and August-October streamflow records; and 2) a habitat-population modeling effort recently completed

  12. This paper describes the Structure-Mapping Engine (SME), a cognitive simulation program for studying human analogical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forbus, Kenneth D.

    This paper describes the Structure-Mapping Engine (SME), a cognitive simulation program for studying human analogical processing. SME is based on Gentner's Structure-Mapping theory of analogy enhances cognitive simulation studies by simplifying experimentation. Furthermore, SME is very efficient

  13. 3D Shapes (K-2) Kindergarten: Standard 4: Shapes can be described by characteristics and position and created by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    available for reference. 1. Print 3D shape templates for desired shapes 2. Cut templates out 3. Color3D Shapes (K-2) Kindergarten: Standard 4: Shapes can be described by characteristics and position by their attributes and used to represent part/whole relationships Activity: The 3D shape lesson can be adapted

  14. Abstract--This paper describes the design and operation of the Multi-Axis Cartesian-based Arm Rehabilitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abstract-- This paper describes the design and operation of the Multi-Axis Cartesian-based Arm on the development of the Multi-Axis Cartesian-based Arm Rehabilitation Machine (MACARM) ­ a new cable robot Rehabilitation Machine (MACARM), a new cable (wire) robot for upper limb rehabilitation. The prototype

  15. Guide to Space groups There are only 230 ways (space groups) to describe how identical objects can be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meagher, Mary

    Guide to Space groups There are only 230 ways (space groups) to describe how identical objects can but it gets better than that! If your structure contains a chrial center then any space group that has a mirror or an inversion operation can be rejected. Of the 230 space groups only 74 space groups

  16. Abstract--This paper describes a software platform used for controlling any set of collaborative robots. The platform is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    González de Rivera, Guillermo

    Abstract-- This paper describes a software platform used for controlling any set of collaborative robots. The platform is specially designed for users without special skills on hardware design or communication topics. The platform provides a standard to simplify the addition of new hardware devices

  17. Abstract--This paper describes a motion generation method for dynamic lifting by a humanoid robot. The proposed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in Fig. 1(b). If useful skills of the humans using preliminary motion can be applied to robotAbstract--This paper describes a motion generation method for dynamic lifting by a humanoid robot to facilitate the lifting movement. In particular, the idea is to perform a preliminary motion in order

  18. A hyperbolic problem with non-local constraint describing ion-rearrangement in a model for ion-lithium batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Scrobogna; Juan J. L. Velázquez

    2015-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we study the Fokker-Plank equation arising in a model which describes the charge and discharge process of ion-lithium batteries. In particular we focus our attention on slow reaction regimes with non-negligible entropic effects, which triggers the mass-splitting transition. At first we prove that the problem is globally well-posed. After that we prove a stability result under some hypothesis of improved regularity and a uniqueness result for the stability under some additional condition of

  19. Annual energy outlook 1994: With projections to 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Annual Energy Outlook 1994 (AEO94) presents the midterm energy forecasts of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). This year`s report presents projects and analyses of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2010, based for the first time on results from the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). NEMS is the latest in a series of computer-based energy modeling systems used over the past 2 decades by EIA and its predecessor organization, the Federal Energy Administration, to analyze and forecast energy consumption and supply in the midterm period (about 20 years). Quarterly forecasts of energy supply and demand for 1994 and 1995 are published in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (February 1994). Forecast tables for 2000, 2005, and 2010 for each of the five scenarios examined in the AEO94 are provided in Appendices A through E. The five scenarios include a reference case and four additional cases that assume higher and lower economic growth and higher and lower world oil prices. Appendix F provides detailed comparisons of the AEO94 forecasts with those of other organizations. Appendix G briefly described the NEMS and the major AEO94 forecast assumptions. Appendix H summarizes the key results for the five scenarios.

  20. Annual energy outlook 1997 with projections to 2015

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Annual Energy Outlook 1997 (AEO97) presents midterm forecasts of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2015 prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). These projections are based on results of EIA`s National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). This report begins with a summary of the reference case, followed by a discussion of the legislative assumptions and evolving legislative and regulatory issues. ``Issues in Focus`` discusses emerging energy issues and other topics of particular interest. It is followed by the analysis of energy market trends. The analysis in AEO97 focuses primarily on a reference case and four other cases that assume higher and lower economic growth and higher and lower world oil prices than in the reference case. Forecast tables for these cases are provided in Appendixes A through C. Appendixes D and E present summaries of the reference case forecasts in units of oil equivalence and household energy expenditures. Twenty-three other cases explore the impacts of varying key assumptions in NEMS--generally, technology penetration, with the major results shown in Appendix F. Appendix G briefly describes NEMS and the major AEO97 assumptions, with a summary table. 114 figs., 22 tabs.

  1. Annual energy outlook 2005 with projections to 2025

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO2005) presents midterm forecasts of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2025 prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The projections are based on results from EIA's National Energy Modelling System (NEMS). The report begins with an 'Overview' summarizing the AEO2005 reference case. The next section, 'Legislation and Regulations', discusses evolving legislative and regulatory issues in the USA. Issues in Focus includes discussions on key energy market issues and examines their potential impacts. In particular, it includes a discussion of the world oil price assumptions used in the reference case and four alternative world oil price cases examined in AEO2005. 'Issues in Focus' is followed by 'Market Trends', which provides a summary of energy market trends in the AEO2005 forecast. The analysis in AEO2005 focuses primarily on a reference case, lower and higher economic growth cases, and four alternative oil price cases, a low world oil price case, an October oil futures case, and two high world oil price cases. Forecast tables for those cases are provided in Appendixes A through D. The major results for the alterative cases, which explore the impacts of varying key assumption in NEMS (such as rates of technology penetration), are summarized in Appendix E. Appendix F briefly describes NEMS and the alternative cases. 115 figs., 38 tabs., 8 apps.

  2. A simple model of universe describing the early inflation and the late accelerated expansion in a symmetric manner

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chavanis, Pierre-Henri [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique (IRSAMC), CNRS and UPS, Université de Toulouse (France)] [Laboratoire de Physique Théorique (IRSAMC), CNRS and UPS, Université de Toulouse (France)

    2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a simple model of universe which 'unifies' vacuum energy and radiation on the one hand, and matter and dark energy on the other hand in the spirit of a generalized Chaplygin gas model. Specifically, the phases of early inflation and late accelerated expansion are described by a generalized equation of state p/c{sup 2} = ??+k?{sup 1+1/n} having a linear component p = ??c{sup 2} and a polytropic component p = k?{sup 1+1/n}c{sup 2}. For ?= 1/3, n= 1 and k=?4/(3?{sub P}), where ?{sub P}= 5.1610{sup 99} g/m{sup 3} is the Planck density, this equation of state describes the transition between the vacuum energy era and the radiation era. For t? 0, the universe undergoes an inflationary expansion that brings it from the Planck size l{sub P}= 1.6210{sup ?35} m to a size a{sub 1}= 2.6110{sup ?6} m on a timescale of about 23.3 Planck times t{sub P}= 5.3910{sup ?44} s (early inflation). When t > t{sub 1}= 23.3t{sub P}, the universe decelerates and enters in the radiation era. We interpret the transition from the vacuum energy era to the radiation era as a second order phase transition where the Planck constant ? plays the role of finite size effects (the standard Big Bang theory is recovered for ?= 0). For ?= 0, n=?1 and k=??{sub ?}, where ?{sub ?}= 7.0210{sup ?24} g/m{sup 3} is the cosmological density, the equation of state p/c{sup 2} = ??+k?{sup 1+1/n} describes the transition from a decelerating universe dominated by pressureless matter (baryonic and dark matter) to an accelerating universe dominated by dark energy (late inflation). This transition takes place at a size a{sub 2}= 0.204l{sub ?}. corresponding to a time t{sub 2}= 0.203t{sub ?} where l{sub ?}= 4.38 10{sup 26} m is the cosmological length and t{sub ?}= 1.46 10{sup 18} s the cosmological time. The present universe turns out to be just at the transition between these two periods (t{sub 0}?t{sub 2}). Our model gives the same results as the standard ?CDM model for t?t{sub P} and completes it by incorporating a phase of early inflation for t < 23.3t{sub P} in a very natural manner. Furthermore, it reveals a nice 'symmetry' between the early and the late evolution of the universe. The early universe is modeled by a polytrope n=+ 1 and the late universe by a polytrope n=?1. Furthermore, the cosmological constant ? in the late universe plays a role similar to the Planck constant ? in the early universe. The mathematical formulae in the early and in the late universe are then strikingly symmetric. We interpret the cosmological constant as a fundamental constant of Nature describing the 'cosmophysics' just like the Planck constant describes the 'microphysics'. The Planck density and the cosmological density represent fundamental upper and lower bounds differing by 122 orders of magnitude. The cosmological constant 'problem' may be a false problem. Finally, we show that our model admits a scalar field interpretation based on a quintessence field or a tachyon field.

  3. 382 V. Dykin et al. / Annals of Nuclear Energy 53 (2013) 381400 describing the dynamical behavior of the system i.e. the thermal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demazière, Christophe

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Equations (PDEs) (Bell and Glasstone, 1970; Todreas and Kazimi, 1990), which fully describe the reactor

  4. Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program Technical Basis Guide Describing How to Perform Safety Margin Configuration Risk Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtis Smith; James Knudsen; Bentley Harwood

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The INL has carried out a demonstration of the RISMC approach for the purpose of configuration risk management. We have shown how improved accuracy and realism can be achieved by simulating changes in risk – as a function of different configurations – in order to determine safety margins as the plant is modified. We described the various technical issues that play a role in these configuration-based calculations with the intent that future applications can take advantage of the analysis benefits while avoiding some of the technical pitfalls that are found for these types of calculations. Specific recommendations have been provided on a variety of topics aimed at improving the safety margin analysis and strengthening the technical basis behind the analysis process.

  5. A one-dimensional Fermi accelerator model with moving wall described by a nonlinear van der Pol oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiago Botari; Edson Denis Leonel

    2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A modification of the one-dimensional Fermi accelerator model is considered in this work. The dynamics of a classical particle of mass $m$, confined to bounce elastically between two rigid walls where one is described by a non-linear van der Pol type oscillator while the other one is fixed, working as a re-injection mechanism of the particle for a next collision, is carefully made by the use of a two-dimensional non-linear mapping. Two cases are considered: (i) the situation where the particle has mass negligible as compared to the mass of the moving wall and does not affect the motion of it; (ii) the case where collisions of the particle does affect the movement of the moving wall. For case (i) the phase space is of mixed type leading us to observe a scaling of the average velocity as a function of the parameter ($\\c{hi}$) controlling the non-linearity of the moving wall. For large $\\c{hi}$, a diffusion on the velocity is observed leading us to conclude that Fermi acceleration is taking place. On the other hand for case (ii), the motion of the moving wall is affected by collisions with the particle. However due to the properties of the van der Pol oscillation, the moving wall relaxes again to a limit cycle. Such kind of motion absorbs part of the energy of the particle leading to a suppression of the unlimited energy gain as observed in case (i). The phase space shows a set of attractors of different periods whose basin of attraction has a complicate organization.

  6. A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborn, Julie G.; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Documentation Report: Wind Energy Submodule (WES). DOE/EIA-The Economic Value of Wind Energy at High Power Systemthe characterization of wind energy in the model as used for

  7. A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborn, Julie G.; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Administration. 1998. Annual Energy Outlook 1999: WithDepartment of Energy’s Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) forecastDepartment of Energy’s Annual Energy Outlook 1999 (AEO99)

  8. Learning and cost reductions for generating technologies in the national energy modeling system (NEMS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gumerman, Etan; Marnay, Chris

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2001. Report#:DOE/ENDOGENOUS LEARNING IN THE ANNUAL ENERGY OUTLOOK REFERENCEDepartment of Energy’s Annual Energy Outlook (AEO), which is

  9. Ženski pari moških poimenovanj v slovenskem knjižnem jeziku 16. stoletja

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merše, Majda

    2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , inu Neverni zhlovik dobre priatele smoti (DB 1584: II, 164a) – Denn ein zorniger Mensch zündet hadder an / vnd der Gottlose verwirret gute Freunde (LB 1545: 1791). 1.1.4 Med parnimi izsamostalniškimi tvorjenkami so tudi take, ki ozna?u- jejo...

  10. A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborn, Julie G.; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Information Administration (EIA) National Energy Modeling System (Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) National Energy Modeling System (

  11. Review: Besedotvorni tematski blok na petnajstem mednarodnem slvisti?nem kongresu v Minsku (2013)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vorši?, Ines; Breznik, Irena Stramlji?

    2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    — #20;#19;#28; — 2FHQH#15;#3;]DSLVNL#15;#3;SRURþLOD#3;±#3;5HYLHZV#15;#3;1RWHV#15;#3;5HSRUWV Y#3; HNVSUHVLRQLVWLþQR#3; VWLOQR#3; SDUDGLJPR#3; #11;#20;#28;#20;#23;±#20;#28;#21;#22;#12;#3;RSUDYLOD#3;L]MHPQR#3;]DKWHYQR#3; LQ#3; REVHåQR#3;GHOR#17;#3...;8VSHOR#3; ML#3; MH#3; ]DSROQLWL#3; YU]HO#3;PHG#3;HNVSUHVLRQLVWLþQR#3;SRH]LMR#3; LQ#3; GUDPDWLNR#15;#3; GR#3; VHGDM#3; EROM#3; UD]LVNDQLPD#3; SRGURþMHPD#17;#3; âWXGLMH#3; V#3; SRGURþMD#3;PHWD-­ IRULNH#3;]JRGQMH#3;HNVSUHVLRQLVWLþQH#3;NUDWNH#3; SUR]H#3;XYUãþ...

  12. Learning and cost reductions for generating technologies in the national energy modeling system (NEMS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gumerman, Etan; Marnay, Chris

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of International Learning on Technology Cost. In Issues ofbetween initial new technology cost estimates and actualthe revolutionary technologies have cost reductions beyond

  13. Frequency Stabilization in Non-linear MEMS and NEMS Oscillators (IN-11-087)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.Newof Energy Forrestal NT oFF DepaPhysics Lab- Energy

  14. National Energy Modeling System with Hydrogen Model (NEMS-H2)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEW HAMPSHIRE BUILDS OFFNanolens WindowDepartmentRFI |Energy

  15. Hadronic cascade calculations of angular distributions of integrated secondary particle fluxes from external targets and new empirical formulae describing particle production in proton-nucleus collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ranft, J

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hadronic cascade calculations of angular distributions of integrated secondary particle fluxes from external targets and new empirical formulae describing particle production in proton-nucleus collisions

  16. LAB 7 ENERGY FUTURE IN CALIFORNIA 1. Based on your TA's lecture, analyze briefly the California energy situation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    adds 10-25 percent to your electric bill. Turn off kitchen and bath-ventilating fans after they've done

  17. LAB 7 THE ENERGY CRISIS IN CALIFORNIA 1. Based on your TA's lecture, analyze briefly the California energy situation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bill. Turn off kitchen and bath-ventilating fans after they've done their job - these fans can blow out

  18. Corrections to the mean-field model are needed to describe the instantaneous Coulombic interactions among the electrons. This is achieved by including more than one Slater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Jack

    Chapter 19 Corrections to the mean-field model are needed to describe the instantaneous Coulombic-Fock (UHF) theory in which each spin-orbital i has its own orbital energy i and LCAO-MO coefficients C flexible than the single-determinant HF procedure are needed. In particular, it may be necessary to use

  19. Academic Training: J-1 Exchange Students Academic training is a term used by the US Department of State to describe work, training, or experience related to a student's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latiolais, M. Paul

    Academic Training: J-1 Exchange Students Academic training is a term used by the US Department of State to describe work, training, or experience related to a student's major field of study. It may involve sequential or simultaneous activities, either paid or unpaid. There can be one or more training

  20. Abstract--This paper describes the development and testing of control of the OmniTread OT-4 robot by the Seventh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Johann

    Abstract--This paper describes the development and testing of control of the OmniTread OT-4 robot system developed in simulation was tested by controlling the real OT-4 robot in the laboratory. The performance of the real OT-4 robot under 7G control on stairs, parallel bars, a slalom course, and stairs

  1. Coal River Mountain Redux Below is an update to the Coal River Mountain story that I described earlier in an e-mail, in an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    Coal River Mountain Redux Below is an update to the Coal River Mountain story that I described billion gallons of toxic coal sludge located directly above Marsh Fork Elementary School. (No word yet on their campus a couple of years ago. Underground Appalachian coal mining is being replaced in recent years

  2. The use of tools by wrasses (Labridae) Recently, Jones et al. (2011) described the use of a rock as an anvil to crush

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardi, Giacomo

    The use of tools by wrasses (Labridae) Recently, Jones et al. (2011) described the use of a rock by underscoring the importance of comparative studies on tool use in fishes. Two similar occasions of tool use to also use these forms of tools. The presence or absence of such a behavior in other groups of fishes

  3. GLY 5828, Assignment 2: 1. Describe Q, q, K, T, b, Darcy's law (in both the K and T forms), and mean pore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukop, Mike

    GLY 5828, Assignment 2: 1. Describe Q, q, K, T, b, Darcy's law (in both the K and T forms? Assume no pumping and no impact of salt water intrusion. 3. Beginning with the 1-D Laplace equation ( 02. Repeat 3 but use the 1-D Poisson equation ( T R x h -= 2 2 ) with R/T = 0.001. Also solve

  4. VolPack: A Volume Rendering Library This chapter describes the design of an experimental software library called VolPack. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    library based on user­defined callback functions for shading and classification. Alterna­ tivelyChapter 8 VolPack: A Volume Rendering Library This chapter describes the design of an experimental software library called VolPack. The library provides a high­performance implementation of the algorithms

  5. Abstract--This paper describes a web-based electric power market simulation tool called POWERWEB. It can be used as an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Abstract--This paper describes a web-based electric power market simulation tool called POWERWEB structure with the operational and reliability aspects of the underlying power system. Index Terms--Power system economics, power system simulation, software tools. I. INTRODUCTION ODAY's ever evolving power

  6. Adapted from Chappell et al., [1999]. For an exception, see Turner & Turner, [1998], which describes a high level multi-agent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of their environment than how individualagent bodies interact with the medium in which they move. This means describes a high level multi-agent simulator called CoDA. 1 An Environment for High-Level Multiple AUV environment for multiple distributedinteractingVIPs. Fundamentalto the CADCON idea is the notionthat

  7. A microprocessor-based system controlling a nuclear demagnetization refrigerator is described. Magnetization, precooling, and demagnetization are software~controlled as are heat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Packard, Richard E.

    A microprocessor-based system controlling a nuclear demagnetization refrigerator is described. Magnetization, precooling, and demagnetization are software~controlled as are heat and persistent current. A microprocessor controller for a nuclear demagnetization refrigerator J.P. Eisenstein, G.W. Swift and R.E. Packard

  8. The research described in this thesis aims at the synthesis and application of novel molecular tools to study enzymes involved in glycoconjugate degradation. An overview of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hille, Sander

    The research described in this thesis aims at the synthesis and application of novel molecular derived compounds 2-18 (Figure 2A). It was established that the nature of the warhead has a decisive. In a preliminary study, aziridine (not shown) and oxirane warheads were condensed with GlcNAc residue 19 (Scheme 1A

  9. Abstract: This paper describes the on-going work done by Hydro-Qubec to optimize the settings of automatic devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehenkel, Louis

    1 Abstract: This paper describes the on-going work done by Hydro-Québec to optimize the settings of automatic devices installed in its main power plants to maintain secure operation under extreme is installed at the Churchill Falls hydroelectric power plant (5500 MW) in Labrador. Data mining techniques

  10. Solar cycle properties described by simple convection-driven dynamos This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simitev, Radostin D

    Solar cycle properties described by simple convection-driven dynamos This article has been PUBLISHING PHYSICA SCRIPTA Phys. Scr. 86 (2012) 018407 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0031-8949/86/01/018407 Solar cycle. The assumption of the Boussinesq approximation made in these models prevents a realistic description of the solar

  11. Title: Ensemble Predictions of beta-sheet Protein Structures In this talk, I will describe my work in the area of protein structure prediction.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldwasser, Shafi

    Title: Ensemble Predictions of beta-sheet Protein Structures In this talk, I will describe my work beta-barrel proteins. I will introduce a new family of algorithms for investigating this family, with an energy function based on stacked amino-acid pair statistical potentials to predict ensemble properties

  12. Derivation of a Langmuir type of model to describe the intrinsic growth rate of gas hydrates during crystallization from gas mixtures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Derivation of a Langmuir type of model to describe the intrinsic growth rate of gas hydrates during de Saint-Etienne, 158 Cours Fauriel, 42023 Saint- Etienne, France Abstract Gas Hydrates 81 (2012) 28-37" DOI : 10.1016/j.ces.2012.06.016 #12;Keywords Gas Hydrates, Crystallisation

  13. CaF/sub 2/:Mn thermoluminescence: a single glow peak not described by 1st or 2nd order kinetics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hornyak, W.F.; Levy, P.W.; Kierstead, J.A.

    1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thermoluminescence (TL) of CaF/sub 2/:Mn has been studied using photon counting and digital recording. For doses of 10 rad or less the TL glow curves appear to consist of a single glow peak. However, there are indications - which are pronounced at larger doses - that one additional low intensity peak (area less than or equal to one percent) is superimposed on each side of the central peak. The intense peak is not described by 1st or 2nd order kinetics but is well described by the more general kinetics from which these kinetics are derived. These observations, and the results of additional kinetic analysis, demonstrate that retrapping is not negligible and may include all three peaks. In such systems, which are likely to include other dosimeter materials and minerals, peak height will not increase linearly with dose; an important factor for dosimetry and dating applications.

  14. Annual energy outlook 1995, with projections to 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Annual Energy Outlook 1995 (AEO95) presents the midterm energy forecasts of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). This year`s report presents projections and analyses of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2010, based on results from the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). Quarterly forecasts of energy supply and demand for 1995 and 1996 are published in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (February 1995). Forecast tables for the five cases examined in the AEO95 are provided in Appendixes A through C. Appendix A gives historical data and forecasts for selected years from 1992 through 2010 for the reference case. Appendix B presents two additional cases, which assume higher and lower economic growth than the reference case. Appendix C presents two cases that assume higher and lower world oil prices. Appendix D presents a summary of the forecasts in units of oil equivalence. Appendix E presents a summary of household energy expenditures. Appendix F provides detailed comparisons of the AEO95 forecasts with those of other organizations. Appendix G briefly describes NEMS and the major AEO95 forecast assumptions. Appendix H presents a stand-alone high electricity demand case. Appendix 1 provides a table of energy conversion factors and a table of metric conversion factors. 89 figs., 23 tabs.

  15. Annual energy outlook 2006 with projections to 2030

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Annual Energy Outlook 2006 (AEO2006), prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), presents long-term forecasts of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2030. The projections are based on results from EIA's National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). The report begins with an 'Overview' summarizing the AEO2006 reference case and comparing it with the AEO2005 reference case. The next section, 'Legislation and Regulations', discusses evolving legislation and regulatory issues, including recently enacted legislation and regulation, such as the Energy Policy Act of 2005, and some that are proposed. 'Issues in Focus' includes a discussion of the basis of EIA's substantial revision of the world oil price trend used in the projections. Other topics examined include: energy technologies on the cusp of being introduced; mercury emissions control technologies; and U.S. greenhouse gas intensity. 'Issues in Focus' is followed by 'Energy Market Trends', which provides a summary of the AEO2006 projections for energy markets. The analysis in AEO2006 focuses primarily on a reference case, lower and higher economic growth cases, and lower and higher energy price cases. In addition, more than 30 alternative cases are included in AEO2006. Complete tables for the five primary cases are provided in Appendixes A through C. Major results from many of the alternative cases are provided in Appendix D. Appendix E briefly describes NEMS and the alternatives cases. 112 figs., 25 tabs., 7 apps.

  16. Whether the vacuum manifold in the Minkowskian non-Abelian model quantized by Dirac can be described with the aid of the superselection rules?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonid Lantsman

    2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We intend to show that the vacuum manifold inherent in the Minkowskian non-Abelian model involving Higgs and Yang-Mills BPS vacuum modes and herewith quantized by Dirac can be described with the help of the superselection rules if and only if the "discrete" geometry for this vacuum manifold is assumed (it is just a necessary thing in order justify the Dirac fundamental quantization scheme applied to the mentioned model) and only in the infinitely narrow spatial region of the cylindrical shape where topologically nontrivial vortices are located inside this discrete vacuum manifold.

  17. A thermokinetic model describing the vaporization behavior of U[sub x]Zr[sub 1-x]C[sub 1-y] in hydrogen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butt, D.P.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the thermodynamics and kinetics of the corrosion of U[sub x]Zr[sub 1-x]C[sub 1-y] in hydrogen gas. It describes how corrosion rates are influenced by variables such as pressure, temperature, and gas flow rate. A model is developed which agrees with experimental steady-state corrosion rates at 1 atm between 2670 and 3100 K. It is shown that under steady-state conditions the corrosion flux is rate limited by the vapor phase transport of Zr(g) away from the solid surface to the bulk gas stream where the partial pressure of Zr(g) is determined by the congruently vaporizing surface composition. Extrapolation of the model to higher pressures indicates that Zr(g) transport should also be rate limiting at higher pressures but the corrosion rate should decrease slightly with increased hydrogen pressure due to reduced gaseous diffusion rates. The model predicts that the corrosion rate will increase as the square root of gas velocity for a given temperature and pressure. Calculations demonstrating the effects of gas velocity are in agreement with experimental studies.

  18. A thermokinetic model describing the vaporization behavior of U{sub x}Zr{sub 1-x}C{sub 1-y} in hydrogen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butt, D.P

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the thermodynamics and kinetics of the corrosion of U{sub x}Zr{sub 1-x}C{sub 1-y} in hydrogen gas. It describes how corrosion rates are influenced by variables such as pressure, temperature, and gas flow rate. A model is developed which agrees with experimental steady-state corrosion rates at 1 atm between 2670 and 3100 K. It is shown that under steady-state conditions the corrosion flux is rate limited by the vapor phase transport of Zr(g) away from the solid surface to the bulk gas stream where the partial pressure of Zr(g) is determined by the congruently vaporizing surface composition. Extrapolation of the model to higher pressures indicates that Zr(g) transport should also be rate limiting at higher pressures but the corrosion rate should decrease slightly with increased hydrogen pressure due to reduced gaseous diffusion rates. The model predicts that the corrosion rate will increase as the square root of gas velocity for a given temperature and pressure. Calculations demonstrating the effects of gas velocity are in agreement with experimental studies.

  19. Balanced electronic detection of displacement in nanoelectromechanical K. L. Ekinci,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    describe a broadband radio frequency balanced bridge technique for electronic detection of displacement semiconductor NEMS and may provide benefits to other high frequency displacement transduction circuits. © 2002 The balanced circuit shown in Fig. 1 b with a NEMS resonator on one side of the bridge and a ma

  20. In Situ Production of Chlorine-36 in the Eastern Snake River Plain Aquifer, Idaho: Implications for Describing Ground-Water Contamination Near a Nuclear Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. D. Cecil; L. L. Knobel; J. R. Green (USGS); S. K. Frape (University of Waterloo)

    2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to describe the calculated contribution to ground water of natural, in situ produced 36Cl in the eastern Snake River Plain aquifer and to compare these concentrations in ground water with measured concentrations near a nuclear facility in southeastern Idaho. The scope focused on isotopic and chemical analyses and associated 36Cl in situ production calculations on 25 whole-rock samples from 6 major water-bearing rock types present in the eastern Snake River Plain. The rock types investigated were basalt, rhyolite, limestone, dolomite, shale, and quartzite. Determining the contribution of in situ production to 36Cl inventories in ground water facilitated the identification of the source for this radionuclide in environmental samples. On the basis of calculations reported here, in situ production of 36Cl was determined to be insignificant compared to concentrations measured in ground water near buried and injected nuclear waste at the INEEL. Maximum estimated 36Cl concentrations in ground water from in situ production are on the same order of magnitude as natural concentrations in meteoric water.

  1. Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology for Ultra-Low Energy Digital Integrated Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathanael, Rhesa

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    II,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 12, no.Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 6, no. 2,Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 16, no. 1,

  2. Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology for Ultra-Low Energy Digital Integrated Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathanael, Rhesa

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    designing circuits using relays. Test chips were fabricatedwith the test setup cooled with liquid nitrogen show relaystests [15]. Unfortunately, it is not practical to keep testing the relay

  3. Comparison of Bottom-Up and Top-Down Forecasts: Vision Industry Energy Forecasts with ITEMS and NEMS 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roop, J. M.; Dahowski, R. T

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Department of Energy's Office of Industrial Technologies, EIA extracted energy use infonnation from the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) - 2000 (8) for each of the seven # The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle Memorial Institute... Energy Technology Conference, Houston, Texas, pp.115-124. 7. U.S. Department of Energy. 1994. Manufacturing Consumption ofEnergy, J99J. DOEIEIA-0512(91). Washington, D. C. 8. U.S. Department of Energy. 1999. Annual Energy Outlook. 2000...

  4. Prozodi?ne možnosti v slovenskem knjižnem jeziku in slovenskih nare?jih

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Marc L.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Following a mathematical model devised by Pavle Ivi?, the author provides an overview of functional load of suprasegmental contrasts in the strikingly variegated dialect systems of Slovene.

  5. REL ATRIO DE DESENVOLVIMENTO HUMANO 2007/2008 1 "O progresso humano no automtico nem inevitvel. Somos actualmente con ontados

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pobres do mundo, milhões de pessoas são já obrigadas a lidar com os impactos das alterações climáticas. Esses impactos não captam uma atenção de destaque nos meios de comunicação mundiais en- quanto eventos número de situações de seca, de tempestades mais violentas, de cheias, e de stress ambiental está

  6. Can the trace formula describe weak localisation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert S. Whitney; Igor V. Lerner; Robert A. Smith

    1999-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We attempt to systematically derive perturbative quantum corrections to the Berry diagonal approximation of the two-level correlation function (TLCF) for chaotic systems. To this end, we develop a ``weak diagonal approximation'' based on a recent description of the first weak localisation correction to conductance in terms of the Gutzwiller trace formula. This semiclassical method is tested by using it to derive the weak localisation corrections to the TLCF for a semiclassically disordered system. Unfortunately the method is unable to correctly reproduce the ``Hikami boxes'' (the relatively small regions where classical paths are glued together by quantum processes). This results in the method failing to reproduce the well known weak localisation expansion. It so happens that for the first order correction it merely produces the wrong prefactor. However for the second order correction, it is unable to reproduce certain contributions, and leads to a result which is of a different form to the standard one.

  7. Saudi Aramco describes crisis oil flow hike

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi forces invaded Kuwait and triggered one of the most severe crises in the world's oil supplies since World War II. Within a few days of the invasion, Iraqi and Kuwaiti oil exports were embargoed, and almost 4.6 million b/d oil of production was removed from world markets. This shortfall amounted to about 20% of total Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production at the time and could have proven disastrous to the world's industrial and financial well-being. However, there was no disruption to the major economies of the world. This paper reports that the primary reason for the cushioning of this impact was the massive expansion in production undertaken by Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco).

  8. Formalisms for Describing Dissipation P. J. Morrison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrison, Philip J.,

    . Metriplectic Dynamics · incomplete (Brockett, Vallis et al. (1989)) · complete (PJM, Kaufman, Grmela (1985 Integral Transform (PJM, Pfirsch,

  9. Multicomponent interfacial transport as described by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjelstrup, Signe

    at the surface Distillation column Fuel cells Biological membranes Spinodal decomposition #12;5 Multicomponent R1q 100 % Rq2-R2q R2 q 100% R12-R21 R21 100 % Measure of the error: =210-4 -- optimal perturbation

  10. KEYWORDS: H-pile, group effect, press-in method, deep foundation ABSTRACT: A novel foundation system comprising steel H-piles is described. Using the press-in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolton, Malcolm

    KEYWORDS: H-pile, group effect, press-in method, deep foundation ABSTRACT: A novel foundation system comprising steel H-piles is described. Using the press-in method, continuous walls of H-piles can force of the individual piles. This construction tech- nique represents an efficient foundation solution

  11. POETRY CONTEST, SPRING 2013 How does a poet describing a work of art reconcile the poem's word-by-word, line-by-line progression with the simultaneity of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavusoglu, Cenk

    POETRY CONTEST, SPRING 2013 How does a poet describing a work." For this year's Poetry in the Museum contest, we invite poets to explore this challenge (known as ekphrasis collection and writing a poem in descriptive response to it. Guidelines: The contest is open to poets of high

  12. This article describes recent activities in the area of RF integrated circuits First, transceiver architectures developed for cellular and cordless telephone standards are presented. Next, the choice of device technology is discussed, and the design of bu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Razavi, Behzad

    , the choice of device technology is discussed, and the design of building blocks such as low-noise amplifiers (formerly AT&T Microelectron- ics) offers a single-chip solution that, along with a low-noise amplifier (LNA and mixers, oscillators, and power amplifiers is described. Last, some of the emerging applications of RF

  13. Don't return to employment after retiring from the Florida Retirement System until you read this booklet. This publication describes the consequences of returning to FRS-covered employment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Don't return to employment after retiring from the Florida Retirement System until you read this booklet. This publication describes the consequences of returning to FRS-covered employment during if you return to work for any public or private sector employer; there are no reemployment exceptions

  14. s We describe an AI system (CTSHIV) that connects the scientific AIDS literature describing specific human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lathrop, Richard H.

    and infections. Currently in the United States, it is estimated to infect 3 to 5 million persons, is the leading deterioration of the immune system leading almost invari- ably to AIDS and death from opportunistic cancers cause of death in adults from 14 to 35, and is the nation's leading cause of productive years of life

  15. Proceedings of the ASME 2011 Pacific Rim Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Systems,MEMS and NEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

    nearly 13% -18% cooling energy. INTRODUCTION Internet-based services supplied by companies like Ama- zon depends on many factors, including power distribution, thermal load and conse- quent cooling costs the efficiency of both cooling and power usage, across and within racks. To help implement spatially aware load

  16. Model documentation report: Industrial sector demand module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Industrial Demand Model. The report catalogues and describes model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description of the NEMS Industrial Model for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements as future projects. The NEMS Industrial Demand Model is a dynamic accounting model, bringing together the disparate industries and uses of energy in those industries, and putting them together in an understandable and cohesive framework. The Industrial Model generates mid-term (up to the year 2015) forecasts of industrial sector energy demand as a component of the NEMS integrated forecasting system. From the NEMS system, the Industrial Model receives fuel prices, employment data, and the value of industrial output. Based on the values of these variables, the Industrial Model passes back to the NEMS system estimates of consumption by fuel types.

  17. A chaotic-dynamical conceptual model to describe fluid flow and contaminant transport in a fractured vadose zone. 1997 progress report and presentations at the annual meeting, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, December 3--4, 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faybishenko, B.; Doughty, C.; Geller, J. [and others

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding subsurface flow and transport processes is critical for effective assessment, decision-making, and remediation activities for contaminated sites. However, for fluid flow and contaminant transport through fractured vadose zones, traditional hydrogeological approaches are often found to be inadequate. In this project, the authors examine flow and transport through a fractured vadose zone as a deterministic chaotic dynamical process, and develop a model of it in these terms. Initially, the authors examine separately the geometric model of fractured rock and the flow dynamics model needed to describe chaotic behavior. Ultimately they will put the geometry and flow dynamics together to develop a chaotic-dynamical model of flow and transport in a fractured vadose zone. They investigate water flow and contaminant transport on several scales, ranging from small-scale laboratory experiments in fracture replicas and fractured cores, to field experiments conducted in a single exposed fracture at a basalt outcrop, and finally to a ponded infiltration test using a pond of 7 by 8 m. In the field experiments, they measure the time-variation of water flux, moisture content, and hydraulic head at various locations, as well as the total inflow rate to the subsurface. Such variations reflect the changes in the geometry and physics of water flow that display chaotic behavior, which they try to reconstruct using the data obtained. In the analysis of experimental data, a chaotic model can be used to predict the long-term bounds on fluid flow and transport behavior, known as the attractor of the system, and to examine the limits of short-term predictability within these bounds. This approach is especially well suited to the need for short-term predictions to support remediation decisions and long-term bounding studies. View-graphs from ten presentations made at the annual meeting held December 3--4, 1997 are included in an appendix to this report.

  18. Clean Cities National Partner Awards: Clean Cities Fact Sheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaRocque, T.

    2001-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet briefly describes each of the 10 winners of the Clean Cities National Partner Awards.

  19. Model documentation Renewable Fuels Module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the objectives, analaytical approach and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it relates to the production of the 1996 Annual Energy Outlook forecasts. The report catalogues and describes modeling assumptions, computational methodologies, data inputs, and parameter estimation techniques. A number of offline analyses used in lieu of RFM modeling components are also described.

  20. Holly Comanzo Describes Her Technologist's Life | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in chemistry in 1987. While exposure to projects as diverse as UVLSI and varistorthermoelectric materials skyrocketed her learning at Global Research, she found her footing in...

  1. A framework for describing correlated excitation of solar p modes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. J. Chaplin; Y. Elsworth; T. Toutain

    2008-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In a previous paper we suggested that, for a given p mode, the excitation function is the same as the component of the solar background noise that has an identical surface spherical harmonic projection (over the corresponding range of temporal frequency). An important consequence of this surmise is that the excitation of overtones of a given angular degree and azimuthal order will be correlated in time. In this note, we introduce the basic principles and a mathematical description of correlated mode excitation. We use simple, illustrative examples, involving two modes. Our treatment suggests that in the real observations, any signatures of the correlation would not appear as a correlation of the output amplitudes of overtones, but rather as subtle modifications to the power spectral density at frequencies between the central frequencies of the overtones. These modifications give a contribution to the observed peak asymmetries.

  2. A Smart Waste Management with Self-Describing Yann Glouche

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of recyclable products. We assume organic wastes products are not recycled and hence RFID tags are no its content and can report back to the rest of the recycling chain. Keywords-green IT; waste management; recycling chain; RFID; NFC; QR code. I. INTRODUCTION Waste management is an important requirement

  3. A Layered Architecture for Describing Information System Development Methodologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jun

    of the development process such as requirements engineering, while others cover the whole system development life cycle. Some include project management and estimation techniques while others focus only

  4. Compensating Customer-Generators: A taxonomy describing methods of compensating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    , investment in grid-connected generation capacity is growing at a faster rate than off-grid applications (IEA

  5. Complex muscle architecture described with diffusion weighted MRI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaige, Terry A. (Terry Alden), 1981-

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The complex array of fiber orientations exhibited by muscles such as the tongue, esophagus, and heart, enable function beyond basic pulling. Among other things, the presence of crossing geometry adds the ability to push ...

  6. Describing Temporal Correlation Spatially in a Visual Analytics Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Ross

    about the relationship between data values across time and space. Often, the analysis begins at a world analysis. 1 MOTIVATION In multivariate spatiotemporal data, the relationships between tem- poral trends various factors are explored. However, such an analysis often fails to take into account the underlying

  7. Does the Environmental Kuznets Curve Describe How Individual Countries Behave?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deacon, Robert; Norman, Catherine S

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for an Environmental Kuznets Curve. ” Review of EconomicsFactoring the Environmental Kuznets Curve: Evidence fromand Development: Is There a Kuznets Curve for Air Pollution

  8. Can electrical resistivity tomography describe soil structure Anatja Samoulian1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    agricultural practices such as reduced tillage or no-tillage, soil structure mostly regenerates via natural. In the context of arable land, soil structure can be compacted due to either agriculture operation (wheel tracks artificial cracks are generated. Electrodes built with 2 mm ceramic cups permit a good electrical contact

  9. Describe your location by landmark or area of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a positive impact on student academic achievement while addressing employee pipeline and regional workforce Director 2012 Velarde Elementary 6th grade Hydrogen Fuel Challenge team and their coaches. Quick Facts LANS initiatives #12;Workforce and Pipeline Development LANS's Institutional Agreements with key partners

  10. Approximating many-body induction to efficiently describe molecular liquids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbert, John

    on the structure and solvation dynamics of the excess electron (in the ground state) but does have a large impact as the structures and properties of molecular systems. This study focuses on approximating many-body electronic methods in order to allow "on-the-fly" energy and force evaluations in dynamical calculations

  11. Describing dynamism in service dependencies Industrial experience and feedbacks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the management of software project development, throughout software lifecycle. First, at development time, teams of their system is updated. Applications are now commonly developed using software components [3]. By using with new development challenges. Indeed, dynamism is a complex concern, difficult to perceive and manage

  12. METHODOLOGY The vibration is described in a piecewise fashion as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ervin, Elizabeth K.

    as nuclear (steam generator tubes, reactor rods) petroleum (drillstrings, piping systems) biomedical, "Repetitive Impact Between Orthogonal Beams, Part I: Theory." ASCE Journal of Engineering Mechanics (submitted

  13. State-space realization of a describing function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghirardo, Giulio; ?osi?, Bernhard; Juniper, Matthew P.; Moeck, Jonas P.

    2015-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    , featuring self-excited thermoacoustic oscillations. We benchmark the performance of the tool comparing the results with a frequency domain analysis of the same system, obtaining good agreement between the two formulations....

  14. Finite difference schemes for second order systems describing black holes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Motamed, Mohammad; Kreiss, H-O. [NADA, Royal Institute of Technology, 10044 Stockholm (Sweden); Albert Einstein Institute, Max Planck Gesellschaft, Am Muehlenberg 1, D-14476 Golm (Germany); Babiuc, M.; Winicour, J. [Albert Einstein Institute, Max Planck Gesellschaft, Am Muehlenberg 1, D-14476 Golm (Germany); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Szilagyi, B. [Albert Einstein Institute, Max Planck Gesellschaft, Am Muehlenberg 1, D-14476 Golm (Germany)

    2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In the harmonic description of general relativity, the principal part of Einstein's equations reduces to 10 curved space wave equations for the components of the space-time metric. We present theorems regarding the stability of several evolution-boundary algorithms for such equations when treated in second order differential form. The theorems apply to a model black hole space-time consisting of a spacelike inner boundary excising the singularity, a timelike outer boundary and a horizon in between. These algorithms are implemented as stable, convergent numerical codes and their performance is compared in a 2-dimensional excision problem.

  15. Electrophysiology Brain slices were prepared essentially as described29

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, A. Malcolm

    . Endocannabinoids: endogenous cannabinoid receptor ligands with neuromodulatory action. Trends Neurosci. 21, 521. Distribution of CB1 cannabinoid receptors in the amygdala and their role in the control of GABAergic. & Navarro, M. Role of the endogenous cannabinoid system in the regulation of motor activity. Neurobiol. Dis

  16. Describing Public Participation in Scientific Research Andrea Wiggins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowston, Kevin

    research. To address this gap, we conducted a survey of citizen science projects. We present a description of the phenomenon to establish a basis for sampling and evaluation of research on citizen science, including details, and data policies. The diverse organizational and functional arrangements in citizen science projects

  17. ARM - Evaluation Product - Critical soil quantities for describing land

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006Datastreamstwrcam40m Documentation DataDatastreamsxsaprhsrhi1-min (NAVBE1M)Doppler Lidarproperties

  18. ADAPTIVE TRACKING FOR SYSTEMS DESCRIBED BY FUNCTIONAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, E.P.

    .P. Ryan y , C.J. Sangwin z #3; Institute of Mathematics, Technical University Ilmenau Weimarer Strasse 25 with prescribed asymptotic accuracy quantified by #21; > 0). Specifically, the strategy u(t) = k(t)e(t); _ k encompasses, for example, interconnections with systems which exhibit the input­to­state stability (ISS

  19. Describing Current & Potential Markets for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear21CompanySFoot)YearD e s c r i b i

  20. Describing Current & Potential Markets for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear21CompanySFoot)YearD e s c r i b

  1. Describing Current & Potential Markets for Alternative-Fuel Vehicles

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear21CompanySFoot)YearD e s c r i b4

  2. Los Alamos National Laboratory describes storm damage to environmental

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |Is Your HomeLatestCenterLoggingsummerSocietymonitoring stations,

  3. Sandia Energy - New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol Home Distribution Grid Integration PermalinkClimate Change Project Is

  4. NREL Releases Report Describing Guidelines for PV Manufacturer Quality

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Saleshttp://www.fnal.gov/directorate/nalcal/nalcal02_07_05_files/nalcal.gifNREL NREL Refines Method to Convert Lignin to

  5. NREL: News - NREL Releases Report Describing Guidelines for PV Manufacturer

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy: Grid Integration NREL isDataWorkingVoltage0214 NRELNREL

  6. DOE Report Describes Progress in the Deployment of Synchrophasor

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE Facility Database Data and Resources DOE Facility DatabaseCSV

  7. Model documentation, Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the objectives and the conceptual and methodological approach used in the development of the National Energy Modeling System`s (NEMS) Coal Market Module (CMM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook 1998 (AEO98). This report catalogues and describes the assumptions, methodology, estimation techniques, and source code of CMM`s two submodules. These are the Coal Production Submodule (CPS) and the Coal Distribution Submodule (CDS). CMM provides annual forecasts of prices, production, and consumption of coal for NEMS. In general, the CDS integrates the supply inputs from the CPS to satisfy demands for coal from exogenous demand models. The international area of the CDS forecasts annual world coal trade flows from major supply to major demand regions and provides annual forecasts of US coal exports for input to NEMS. Specifically, the CDS receives minemouth prices produced by the CPS, demand and other exogenous inputs from other NEMS components, and provides delivered coal prices and quantities to the NEMS economic sectors and regions.

  8. Model documentation report: Industrial sector demand module of the national energy modeling system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Industrial Demand Model. The report catalogues and describes model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description of the NEMS Industrial Model for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirements of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its model. Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements as future projects.

  9. Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Research and Engineering Program - Strategic Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casey, Leslie A. [DOE/NNSA

    2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Research and Engineering (NEM R&E) Program is dedicated to providing knowledge, technical expertise, and products to US agencies responsible for monitoring nuclear explosions in all environments and is successful in turning scientific breakthroughs into tools for use by operational monitoring agencies. To effectively address the rapidly evolving state of affairs, the NNSA NEM R&E program is structured around three program elements described within this strategic plan: Integration of New Monitoring Assets, Advanced Event Characterization, and Next-Generation Monitoring Systems. How the Program fits into the National effort and historical accomplishments are also addressed.

  10. Data Quality Requirements for Determining Energy Savings in the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, J.; Reddy, A.; Claridge, D. E,; Haberl, J. S.; Pollard, W.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper briefly describes an ongoing energy retrofit program, the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAF') of the Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs. After briefly reviewing the various parameters that one needs to consider...

  11. Model documentation Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents objectives and conceptual and methodological approach used in the development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Coal Market Module (CMM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook 1996 (AEO96). This report catalogues and describes the assumptions, methodology, estimation techniques, and source code of CMM`s three submodules: Coal Production Submodule, Coal Export Submodule, and Coal Distribution Submodule.

  12. Distributed generation capabilities of the national energy modeling system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes Berkeley Lab's exploration of how the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) models distributed generation (DG) and presents possible approaches for improving how DG is modeled. The on-site electric generation capability has been available since the AEO2000 version of NEMS. Berkeley Lab has previously completed research on distributed energy resources (DER) adoption at individual sites and has developed a DER Customer Adoption Model called DER-CAM. Given interest in this area, Berkeley Lab set out to understand how NEMS models small-scale on-site generation to assess how adequately DG is treated in NEMS, and to propose improvements or alternatives. The goal is to determine how well NEMS models the factors influencing DG adoption and to consider alternatives to the current approach. Most small-scale DG adoption takes place in the residential and commercial modules of NEMS. Investment in DG ultimately offsets purchases of electricity, which also eliminates the losses associated with transmission and distribution (T&D). If the DG technology that is chosen is photovoltaics (PV), NEMS assumes renewable energy consumption replaces the energy input to electric generators. If the DG technology is fuel consuming, consumption of fuel in the electric utility sector is replaced by residential or commercial fuel consumption. The waste heat generated from thermal technologies can be used to offset the water heating and space heating energy uses, but there is no thermally activated cooling capability. This study consists of a review of model documentation and a paper by EIA staff, a series of sensitivity runs performed by Berkeley Lab that exercise selected DG parameters in the AEO2002 version of NEMS, and a scoping effort of possible enhancements and alternatives to NEMS current DG capabilities. In general, the treatment of DG in NEMS is rudimentary. The penetration of DG is determined by an economic cash-flow analysis that determines adoption based on the n umber of years to a positive cash flow. Some important technologies, e.g. thermally activated cooling, are absent, and ceilings on DG adoption are determined by some what arbitrary caps on the number of buildings that can adopt DG. These caps are particularly severe for existing buildings, where the maximum penetration for any one technology is 0.25 percent. On the other hand, competition among technologies is not fully considered, and this may result in double-counting for certain applications. A series of sensitivity runs show greater penetration with net metering enhancements and aggressive tax credits and a more limited response to lowered DG technology costs. Discussion of alternatives to the current code is presented in Section 4. Alternatives or improvements to how DG is modeled in NEMS cover three basic areas: expanding on the existing total market for DG both by changing existing parameters in NEMS and by adding new capabilities, such as for missing technologies; enhancing the cash flow analysis but incorporating aspects of DG economics that are not currently represented, e.g. complex tariffs; and using an external geographic information system (GIS) driven analysis that can better and more intuitively identify niche markets.

  13. The Impact of Carbon Control on Low-Income Household Electricity and Gasoline Expenditures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eisenberg, Joel Fred [ORNL

    2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In July of 2007 The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Energy Information Administration (EIA) released its impact analysis of 'The Climate Stewardship And Innovation Act of 2007,' known as S.280. This legislation, cosponsored by Senators Joseph Lieberman and John McCain, was designed to significantly cut U.S. greenhouse gas emissions over time through a 'cap-and-trade' system, briefly described below, that would gradually but extensively reduce such emissions over many decades. S.280 is one of several proposals that have emerged in recent years to come to grips with the nation's role in causing human-induced global climate change. EIA produced an analysis of this proposal using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) to generate price projections for electricity and gasoline under the proposed cap-and-trade system. Oak Ridge National Laboratory integrated those price projections into a data base derived from the EIA Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) for 2001 and the EIA public use files from the National Household Transportation Survey (NHTS) for 2001 to develop a preliminary assessment of impact of these types of policies on low-income consumers. ORNL will analyze the impacts of other specific proposals as EIA makes its projections for them available. The EIA price projections for electricity and gasoline under the S.280 climate change proposal, integrated with RECS and NHTS for 2001, help identify the potential effects on household electric bills and gasoline expenditures, which represent S.280's two largest direct impacts on low-income household budgets in the proposed legislation. The analysis may prove useful in understanding the needs and remedies for the distributive impacts of such policies and how these may vary based on patterns of location, housing and vehicle stock, and energy usage.

  14. Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model of the National Energy Modeling System. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model (NGTDM) is the component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) that is used to represent the domestic natural gas transmission and distribution system. The NGTDM is the model within the NEMS that represents the transmission, distribution, and pricing of natural gas. The model also includes representations of the end-use demand for natural gas, the production of domestic natural gas, and the availability of natural gas traded on the international market based on information received from other NEMS models. The NGTDM determines the flow of natural gas in an aggregate, domestic pipeline network, connecting domestic and foreign supply regions with 12 demand regions. The purpose of this report is to provide a reference document for model analysts, users, and the public that defines the objectives of the model, describes its basic design, provides detail on the methodology employed, and describes the model inputs, outputs, and key assumptions. Subsequent chapters of this report provide: an overview of NGTDM; a description of the interface between the NEMS and NGTDM; an overview of the solution methodology of the NGTDM; the solution methodology for the Annual Flow Module; the solution methodology for the Distributor Tariff Module; the solution methodology for the Capacity Expansion Module; the solution methodology for the Pipeline Tariff Module; and a description of model assumptions, inputs, and outputs.

  15. SciTech Connect: Containment barrier at Pride Park, Derby, England

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    paper briefly covers the background to the remediation of the site, describes the construction process and discusses design considerations in relation to the durability...

  16. A Distributed Computer Automation and Control System for IBM's GTD Process Plant at Austin Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getter, L. C.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are also briefly described. Emphasis is placed on the evolution of the control system architecture and the integration of the energy conservation philosophies into the control strategy....

  17. Instructions for the Supporting Statement

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    information from the same population of respondents, briefly describe these collections and how they relate to the proposed collection. Every practical effort should be...

  18. (Historical development of the field of hypernuclei): Concluding talk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chrien, R.E.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper briefly discusses progress in low energy kaon physics and hypernuclear physics. Certain kaon reactions are discussed and future possible accelerator experiments are described. (LSP)

  19. Dynamic Network Utility Maximization with Delivery Contracts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolaos Trichakis

    2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 30, 2007 ... Dynamic Network Utility Maximization with Delivery Contracts. Nikolaos ... We briefly describe a heuristic, based on model predictive control, ...

  20. 2010 Annual Planning Summary for National Energy Technology Laboratory...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) 2010 Annual Planning Summary for National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Annual Planning Summaries briefly describe the status of ongoing...

  1. NERSC/DOE FES Requirements Workshop Worksheet - Jeff Candy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    brevity. The temporal discretization is described in Chapter 5 of the GYRO Technical Guide (https:fusion.gat.comTHEORYimageseeaGyrotechnicalguide.pdf). Briefly, the...

  2. MSX - A Monte-Carlo Code for Neutron Efficiency Calculations for Large Volume Gd-loaded Liquid Scintillation Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Trzcinski; B. Zwieglinski; ALADIN collaboration

    1996-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Some properties of the code newly developed to simulate the neutron detection process in a neutron multiplicity meter are briefly described.

  3. Miscible, multi-component, diesel fuels and methods of bio-oil transformation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Adams, Thomas (Athens, GA); Garcia, Manuel (Quebec, CA); Geller, Dan (Athens, GA); Goodrum, John W. (Athens, GA); Pendergrass, Joshua T. (Jefferson, GA)

    2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Briefly described, embodiments of this disclosure include methods of recovering bio-oil products, fuels, diesel fuels, and the like are disclosed.

  4. Pranab Kumar Sen: Life and works

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balakrishnan, N; Silvapulle, Mervyn J

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this article, we describe briefly the highlights and various accomplishments in the personal as well as the academic life of Professor Pranab Kumar Sen.

  5. active npc inverters: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    radiative lepton decays in supersymmetric models is described. Links to neutrinoless double beta decay are also briefly discussed. The analysis leads to two distinct matrix...

  6. Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Magnesium: Resources...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Washington in February of 2002. The paper briefly describes the issues surrounding climate change and the Magnesium Industry, and gives an overview of the SF6 Emission...

  7. A View on Dyslexia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geiger, Gad

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe here, briefly, a perceptual non-reading measure which reliably distinguishes between dyslexic persons and ordinary readers. More importantly, we describe a regimen of practice with which dyslexics learn a ...

  8. Hunter College School of Social Work: Office of Development & Special Services Alumni and Graduate Student Update Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    ___Telnet ___Downloading Files ___World Wide Web ___Electronic Commerce (2) Please indicate and describe ):________________________________ _____ WorldWideWeb (e.g., HTML, Javascript, CGI ):________________________________ _____ Applications (e.g., Word, WordPerfect):_______________________________________ _____ Other skills (please describe briefly

  9. Geothermal energy: 1992 program overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Geothermal energy is described in general terms with drawings illustrating the technology. A map of known and potential geothermal resources in the US is included. The 1992 program activities are described briefly. (MHR)

  10. Model documentation: Renewable Fuels Module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it related to the production of the 1994 Annual Energy Outlook (AEO94) forecasts. The report catalogues and describes modeling assumptions, computational methodologies, data inputs, and parameter estimation techniques. A number of offline analyses used in lieu of RFM modeling components are also described. This documentation report serves two purposes. First, it is a reference document for model analysts, model users, and the public interested in the construction and application of the RFM. Second, it meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. The RFM consists of six analytical submodules that represent each of the major renewable energy resources -- wood, municipal solid waste (MSW), solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, and alcohol fuels. Of these six, four are documented in the following chapters: municipal solid waste, wind, solar and biofuels. Geothermal and wood are not currently working components of NEMS. The purpose of the RFM is to define the technological and cost characteristics of renewable energy technologies, and to pass these characteristics to other NEMS modules for the determination of mid-term forecasted renewable energy demand.

  11. Model documentation report: Commercial Sector Demand Module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components. The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module is a simulation tool based upon economic and engineering relationships that models commercial sector energy demands at the nine Census Division level of detail for eleven distinct categories of commercial buildings. Commercial equipment selections are performed for the major fuels of electricity, natural gas, and distillate fuel, for the major services of space heating, space cooling, water heating, ventilation, cooking, refrigeration, and lighting. The algorithm also models demand for the minor fuels of residual oil, liquefied petroleum gas, steam coal, motor gasoline, and kerosene, the renewable fuel sources of wood and municipal solid waste, and the minor services of office equipment. Section 2 of this report discusses the purpose of the model, detailing its objectives, primary input and output quantities, and the relationship of the Commercial Module to the other modules of the NEMS system. Section 3 of the report describes the rationale behind the model design, providing insights into further assumptions utilized in the model development process to this point. Section 3 also reviews alternative commercial sector modeling methodologies drawn from existing literature, providing a comparison to the chosen approach. Section 4 details the model structure, using graphics and text to illustrate model flows and key computations.

  12. Model documentation renewable fuels module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it relates to the production of the 1995 Annual Energy Outlook (AEO95) forecasts. The report catalogues and describes modeling assumptions, computational methodologies, data inputs, and parameter estimation techniques. A number of offline analyses used in lieu of RFM modeling components are also described. The RFM consists of six analytical submodules that represent each of the major renewable energy resources--wood, municipal solid waste (MSW), solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, and alcohol fuels. The RFM also reads in hydroelectric facility capacities and capacity factors from a data file for use by the NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM). The purpose of the RFM is to define the technological, cost and resource size characteristics of renewable energy technologies. These characteristics are used to compute a levelized cost to be competed against other similarly derived costs from other energy sources and technologies. The competition of these energy sources over the NEMS time horizon determines the market penetration of these renewable energy technologies. The characteristics include available energy capacity, capital costs, fixed operating costs, variable operating costs, capacity factor, heat rate, construction lead time, and fuel product price.

  13. Screening of an Applied Electric Field Inside a Metallic Layer Described by the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monneau, Régis

    of a constant electric #12;eld on the electronic structure of a crystal. We model it by a density-functional theory, and derive from this microscopic model macroscopic features of the system by letting the ratio electric #12;eld perpendicular to the surface of the crystal. Modeling the electrons by a quantum (hence

  14. Not all is gloomy. A precious few exam-ples of good soil management are described.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, David R.

    downstream from former colonial tobacco farms. High prices paid for tobacco in Europe, a plentiful supply depth just about everywhere in the world, from prehistoric to modern times. The topic could not be more for biofuel produc- tion signals a new era of competition between the energy and food sectors for the globally

  15. On a Class of Systems Describing Tumor Anti-Angiogenesis under Gompertzian Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ledzewicz, Urszula

    treatments 1 Introduction The reason for the failure of most cancer chemother- apy treatments lies in both of the therapy. One approach to cancer treatments that tries to circumvent the problem of drug resistance, St. Louis, Mo, 63130 USA hms@wustl.edu Abstract: Anti-angiogenic therapy is a novel treatment

  16. Classic tests of General Relativity described by brane-based spherically symmetric solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. R. Cuzinatto; P. J. Pompeia; M. de Montigny; F. C. Khanna; J. M. Hoff da Silva

    2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss a way to obtain information about higher dimensions from observations by studying a brane-based spherically symmetric solution. The three classic tests of General Relativity are analyzed in details: the perihelion shift of the planet Mercury, the deflection of light by the Sun, and the gravitational redshift of atomic spectral lines. The braneworld version of these tests exhibits an additional parameter $b$ related to the fifth-coordinate. This constant $b$ can be constrained by comparison with observational data for massive and massless particles.

  17. Letter Report Describing the Analyses and Reports that were Forecast to be Completed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and expanded Subtasks for Task 12 included bioenergy analyses, energy and economic development, production of bioenergy production systems. Specific work completed as part of the above Subtasks included the following

  18. Development of a differential equation of state to describe subcritical isotherms of carbon dioxide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontenot, Charles Edward

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on a Plane, " I. P. S. T. , Jerusalem (1971). Androvov, A. A. , Leontovich, E. A. , Gordon, I. I. , Maier, A. G. , "Qualitative Theory of Second-Order Dynamic Systems, " Wiley, New York (1973). Andrews, T. , Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London, A159, 575...). Hall, K. R. , Eubank, P. T. , Ind. En . Chem. Fundam. , 15 (4) 323 (1976) ~ Hein, P, , Z . Ph s . Chem. , 86, 385 ( 1 91 3) ~ Jenkin, C. F. , Proc. Roy. Soc. London, A98, 170 (1920). Jenkin, C. F. , Pye, D. R. , Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London, A213...

  19. Coordinated rhythmic movement is organized in a highly characteristic fashion (described by Haken, Kelso,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bingham, Geoffrey P.

    movement tasks. In the three conditions, relative position, relative speed, and frequency (variables is that this organization is rooted in the perceptual information used to perform the task. This hypothesis is based, 1992). This and other re- search inspired a perception­action model (Bingham, 2001, 2004a, 2004b

  20. HARBEC's $52,000 Annual Energy Savings under SEP Described in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and track their level of success," said Jeff Eisenhauer, energy manager at HARBEC. The case studies are a part of a growing suite of products that highlight the business value...

  1. To advance understanding of the Earth system, describe the consequences of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    )..............................................................................................................................23 Modeling and Synthesis Thematic Data Center (MAST.....................................................................................................................3 Climate Science for a Sustainable Energy Future (CSSEF.............................................................................7 Scalable, Efficient, and Accurate Community Ice Sheet Model (SEACISM

  2. DATA META FILE 2011 This file describes the instrumentation, field setup, and quality control procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    and analyses were supported by the Office of Science (BER), U.S. Department of Energy, Grant No. DE-FG02-03ER Variable Units Instrument *Notes 1 Year 2 Day 3 Hour 4 Solar radiation (K) W/m2 Eppley PSP 3.7 m 5 Reflected Solar Radiation W/m2 Eppley PSP 3.7 m 6 Incoming longwave radiation W/m2 Eppley Pyrgeometer 7

  3. DATA META FILE 2012 This file describes the instrumentation, field setup, and quality control procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    and analyses were supported by the Office of Science (BER), U.S. Department of Energy, Grant No. DE-FG02-03ER Variable Units Instrument *Notes 1 Year 2 Day 3 Hour 4 Solar radiation (K) W/m2 Eppley PSP 3.7 m 5 Reflected Solar Radiation W/m2 Eppley PSP 3.7 m 6 Incoming longwave radiation W/m2 Eppley Pyrgeometer 7

  4. DATA META FILE 2004 This file describes the instrumentation, field setup, and quality control procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    and analyses were supported by the Office of Science (BER), U.S. Department of Energy, Grant No. DE-FG02-03ER - - - 2 DOY - - - 3 DDOY - - - 4 Time (hour/minute) - - - 5 Solar radiation (K) W/m2 Eppley PSP 3.7 m 6 be approximated from the incoming global solar radiation signal by dividing by a factor of 2.1. Data Files

  5. Abstract--This paper describes experimental results aiming at analyzing lithium-ion batteries performances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements on new and aged cells. A climatic test chamber is used. To follow such a characteristic, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements on Saft lithium ion batteries are carried out. EIS measurements interest both electrochemical and electrical

  6. Robocomm 2007 -Obraczka et al. 1 Abstract--In this paper we describe preliminary results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weitzenfeld, Alfredo

    a collaborative effort between UCSC's Internetworking Research Group (i-NRG) and ITAM's Robotics Lab focusing researchers in networking at UCSC and in robotics at ITAM. One of the long-term goals of the project. Weitzenfeld is a Professor in the Computer Engineering Department at ITAM in Mexico City. L. Martinez, J

  7. A cybernetic model for describing the performance of water driven reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caseli, Umberto Antonio

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    technique of estimat- 6 ing performance of water-drive reservoirs based on com- pressible flow theory has been presented in the literature as the most generally successful. However, their method applies to radial reservoirs surrounded by infinite... or radial aquifers of constant rock and fluid properties. A complete knowledge of the properties of the reservoir and aquifer is desired for applying the technique. The method also requires knowledge of the pressures at the boundary of the reservoir...

  8. IN HIS EDITORIAL,1 CZEISLER DESCRIBES OUR STUDY OF THE NEUROBEHAVIORAL EFFECTS OF CHRONIC SLEEP LOSS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennsylvania, University of

    cycle unaccounted for. We hypothesized that this excess wakefulness caused the neurobehavioral deficits

  9. Phytopathol. Mediterr. (2005) 44, 0000 This review describes in chronological order the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    that has captured the imagination of tree lovers and tim- ber companies alike. Costal forests of Northern California also include several additional timber- producing species such as Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga difficulties for re- generating coniferous timber species. However, tanoak plays important ecological roles

  10. FISHES OF THE GULF OF MAINE 57 Oolor.-Described as dark gray, olive or brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sharks, and the modification of the posterior edges of the pelvic fins into rodlike semitubular claspers dorsal fins on the taiL Torpedo, p. 58 There is no distinct caudal fin; the dorsal fins, if any, are very specimen of this little known shark came ashore at Provincetown in December 1878. This and one taken near

  11. Network methods for describing sample relationships in genomic datasets: application to Huntington's disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldham, Michael C; Langfelder, Peter; Horvath, Steve

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Authors’ contributions MCO and SH designed the SampleNetworkand drafted the manuscript. MCO created the SampleNetworkand the R tutorial; MCO performed the data analysis. PL

  12. Removal Action Plan for the Accelerated Retrieval Project for a Described Area within Pit 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. M. Tyson

    2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Removal Action Plan documents the plan for implementation of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compenstion, and Liability Act non-time-critical removal action to be performed by the Accelerated Retrieval Project. The focus of the action is the limited excavation and retrieval of selected waste streams from a designated portion of the Radioactive Waste Management Complex Subsurface Disposal Area that are contaminated with volatile organic compounds, isotopes of uranium, or transuranic radionuclides. The selected retrieval area is approximately 0.2 ha (1/2 acre) and is located in the eastern portion of Pit 4. The proposed project is referred to as the Accelerated Retrieval Project. This Removal Action Plan details the major work elements, operations approach, and schedule, and summarizes the environmental, safety and health, and waste management considerations associated with the project.

  13. Three Robot-Rooms / The AWE Project We describe innovative new work in the development of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , society is becoming increasingly digital; secondly, the working population is expanding in range kegreen8@earthlink.net I.D. Walker Clemson University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering as a means to intensify and expand the interaction of people and information technologies [9]. The most

  14. Derivation of equations describing a heat exchanger reactor and their solution using a computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLaughlin, William Smith

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - mogeneous mixing was obtained or no concentration g ra dian t ex 1 s te d. (2) Reactant concentrations in the exit stream from each reactor were identical with the concentrations in the reactor. (5) Reactant throughput rates and concentrations were.... Results of Illustrative Example. 87 FIGURES Page l. Section of a Reactor Tube. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2. Reactor Section. . . . . . . . ~ 12 3. Alignment Chart for Solution of the Preheat Section Equation 4. Diagram of Computer Circuit...

  15. DRAFT WORKING PAPER JULY 2006 1 Abstract--Braess' Paradox describes a situation in which

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumsack, Seth

    , Locational Marginal Price I. NOMENCLATURE NL = Number of lines in the network NB = Number of buses reliability benefits to the system. The price paid for this reliability benefit is increased congestion flow between buses i and j i = Nodal price at bus i µij = Shadow price of transmission between buses i

  16. 1 Copyright 2001by ASME We describe a Java process editor to assist designers with the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cutkosky, Mark

    : a computer, a CNC mill and a vacuum chamber. But without software for decomposing new designs into suitable the process planning so that they can obtain high quality parts. Agent Message Router Java process graph

  17. Generating Resources1 Generating resources available for future development in the Pacific Northwest are described in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    energy, solar radiation, energy from processes driven by solar radiation (wind, hydropower, biomass is collection of the primary energy resource. Natural gas wells, hydroelectric dams and solar concentrators be relatively simple, such as chipping of wood for firing a steam-electric power plant or complex

  18. Ion firehose instability in plasmas with plasma particles described by product bi-kappa distributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santos, M. S. dos; Ziebell, L. F., E-mail: luiz.ziebell@ufrgs.br; Gaelzer, R., E-mail: rudi.gaelzer@ufrgs.br [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Caixa Postal 15051, RS, CEP: 91501-970 Porto Alegre (Brazil)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the dispersion relation for low frequency electromagnetic waves propagating parallel to the ambient magnetic field, considering that the velocity distributions of ions and electrons can be either bi-Maxwellian of product bi-kappa distributions. The effect of the anisotropy and non-thermal features associated to the product-bi-kappa distributions on the firehose instability are numerically investigated. The general conclusion to be drawn from the results obtained is that the increase in non-thermal features which is consequence of the decrease of the ? indexes in the ion distribution contributes to increase the instability in magnitude and wave number range, in comparison with bi-Maxwellian distributions with similar temperature anisotropy, and that the increase of non-thermal features in the electron distribution contributes to the quenching of the instability, which is nevertheless driven by the anisotropy in the ion distribution. Significant differences between results obtained either considering product-bi-kappa distributions or bi-kappa distributions are also reported.

  19. Abstract--We describe two approaches to reducing human fatigue in Interactive Evolutionary Computation (IEC). A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agogino, Alice M.

    Computation (IEC). A predictor function is used to estimate the human user's score, thus reducing the amount learning classifier algorithms are presented. Their performance in a real-world application, the IEC. This is equivalent to a 51% reduction of human effort compared to using IEC without the predictor. The four machine

  20. Nonlocal extension of the dispersive-optical-model to describe data below the Fermi energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickhoff, W H; Waldecker, S J; Charity, R J; Sobotka, L G

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Present applications of the dispersive-optical-model analysis are restricted by the use of a local but energy-dependent version of the generalized Hartree-Fock potential. This restriction is lifted by the introduction of a corresponding nonlocal potential without explicit energy dependence. Such a strategy allows for a complete determination of the nucleon propagator below the Fermi energy with access to the expectation value of one-body operators (like the charge density), the one-body density matrix with associated natural orbits, and complete spectral functions for removal strength. The present formulation of the dispersive optical model (DOM) therefore allows the use of elastic electron-scattering data in determining its parameters. Application to ${}^{40}$Ca demonstrates that a fit to the charge radius leads to too much charge near the origin using the conventional assumptions of the functional form of the DOM. A corresponding incomplete description of high-momentum components is identified, suggesting t...

  1. Abstract--This paper describes a spreadsheet model for estimating the impact of High Temperature Supercon-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to project the following for the years 2000 to 2020: · Amount of HTS wire required, · Cost of Supercon- ducting (HTS) power devices on the national electric grid. The distribution of losses in the national grid is carefully traced and those losses that HTS can eliminate are identi- fied. The energy

  2. March 2003 BOOK REVIEWS 807 Greenberg describes the special communities of the Chi-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agrawal, Anurag

    or some other technological interface is an open question. Many species have prospered recently because game is no longer a substantial part of urban diets. Native species will persist in the Chicago region

  3. Effectiveness of classical spin simulations for describing NMR relaxation of quantum spins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarek A. Elsayed; Boris V. Fine

    2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the limits of effectiveness of classical spin simulations for predicting free induction decays (FIDs) measured by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) on systems of quantum nuclear spins. The specific limits considered are associated with the range of interaction, the size of individual quantum spins and the long-time behavior of the FID signals. We compare FIDs measured or computed for lattices of quantum spins (mainly spins 1/2) with the FIDs computed for the corresponding lattices of classical spins. Several cases of excellent quantitative agreement between quantum and classical FIDs are reported along with the cases of gradually decreasing quality of the agreement. We formulate semi-empirical criteria defining the situations, when classical simulations are expected to accurately reproduce quantum FIDs. Our findings indicate that classical simulations may be a quantitatively accurate tool of first principles calculations for a broad class of macroscopic systems, where individual quantum microscopic degrees of freedom are far from the classical limit.

  4. Bulk Electricity Generating Technologies This appendix describes the technical characteristics and cost and performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    income tax rate n/a 35% 35% Federal investment tax credit n/a 0% 0% Tax recovery period n/a 20 years 20-FIRED STEAM-ELECTRIC PLANTS Coal-fired steam-electric power plants are a mature technology, in use for over a century. Coal is the largest source of electric power in the United States as a whole, and the second

  5. Research Themes and Tasks CIOSS activities are described within three categories: Administration,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    . Satellite Sensors and Techniques: Evaluation of existing and proposed satellite sensors, algorithms in this category, as are workshops designed to develop or evaluate present and planned sensors and techniques. b of CIOSS research is to develop, evaluate, improve and use methods of ocean remote sensing and ocean

  6. Development of the TIGRE This describes the TIGRE method for combinator graph reduction.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    been previously implemented for the G-Ma- chine graph reduction implementation on a VAX (Peyton Jones 1987). In VAX assembly language, unwinding a node while traversing the stack requires four instructions, on average, processing nodes for stack unwinding costs: (4 * 1.38) + 7 = 12.52 VAX instructions per

  7. Describing functions for information channels subject to packet loss and quantization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbertson, Eric (Eric W.)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    underwater environments. Examples include autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) coordination and navigation, Wide Area Measurement System (WAMS) control of power grids, and automobile networked subsystems control. As one ...

  8. TSpec: A Notation for Describing Memory Reference Traces University of Virginia Department of Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skadron, Kevin

    of Computer Science Technical Report CS­2000­23 August 14, 2000 + Dee A. B. Weikle, + Kevin Skadron, * Sally A, it is the object on which the cache filter model operates. Specifically, the trace and state of the cache are represented in TSpec, these are then the inputs for a function that models the cache, and the result

  9. A phenomenological model to describe turbulent friction in permeable-wall flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katul, Gabriel

    the description of bulk flow over rough surfaces employ the so- called Darcy-Weisbach equation, a phenomenological-Re relation in the mid 1940s that enabled wide-usage of the Darcy-Weisbach equation first in hydraulic- and area-averaged velocity V via a so-called friction factor f. The Darcy-Weisbach equa- tion, named after

  10. As introduced by Mark Weiser, ubiquitous computing describes a world in which

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by visually polluting otherwise calm surroundings. To prevent this visual pollution, we pro- pose restricting. Such a peephole might open as a display (visual peephole), a loudspeaker (acoustic peephole), or some other device

  11. Abstract--This paper describes results involving the percentage cell lysis of SWLA-2 murine hybridomas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryker, Gabrielle A.

    ]. These techniques have also been used for cell-cell fusion, such as the production of monoclonal antibodies [3, 6, 7 and the pellet was re-suspended at 3 x 105 cells/ml. C. Electrical Equipment and Cuvettes Sinusoidal electric

  12. Carbon oxidation state as a metric for describing the chemistry of atmospheric organic aerosol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroll, Jesse

    A detailed understanding of the sources, transformations and fates of organic species in the environment is crucial because of the central roles that they play in human health, biogeochemical cycles and the Earth's climate. ...

  13. SUPRASPECIFIC TAXA OF THE BIVALVIA FIRST NAMED, DESCRIBED, AND PUBLISHED IN CHINA (1927–2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Zong-jie; Chen, Jin-hua; Chen, Chu-zhen; Sha, Jin-geng; Lan, Xiu; Wen, Shi-xuan

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A total of 209 bivalve generic (subgeneric) and 19 familial (subfamilial) names first proposed by Chinese palaeontologists and published in China are treated herein as an annotated database. The present paper is designed especially for the Treatise...

  14. Page 1 of 6 We describe a networking infrastructure, called wireless open

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kung, H. T.

    of available candidate service gateways, to best fit the current application. However, current mobile users do, configuration service like DHCP [4], data cach- ing service, etc. Monolithic service models of cellular net

  15. Development of a differential equation of state to describe subcritical isotherms of carbon dioxide 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fontenot, Charles Edward

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Processors Association, the National Science Eoundation, the Texas Engineering Experiment Station and Texas A&&i University for providing the funds for this work The author wishes to express his sincere appreciation to Dr. K, R. Hall for his guidance... Pressures of Carbon Dioxide 28 Comparison of Predicted and Experimental Saturated Vapor Densities of Carbon Dioxide. . . . 30 Comparison of Predicted and Experimental Saturated Liquid Densities of Carbon Dioxide. . . 31 Plot of the Slope of fR...

  16. It's Not Polite To Point: Describing People With Uncertain Attributes Amir Sadovnik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    eyeglasses" (b) "The man who is wearing eye- glasses" or (c) "The woman". The task of generating: "Please pick a person whose forehead is fully visible and has eyeglasses" In our context, in which

  17. The Fourier state of a dilute granular gas described by the inelastic Boltzmann equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Javier Brey; N. Khalil; M. J. Ruiz-Montero

    2009-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The existence of two stationary solutions of the nonlinear Boltzmann equation for inelastic hard spheres or disks is investigated. They are restricted neither to weak dissipation nor to small gradients. The one-particle distribution functions are assumed to have an scaling property, namely that all the position dependence occurs through the density and the temperature. At the macroscopic level, the state corresponding to both is characterized by uniform pressure, no mass flow, and a linear temperature profile. Moreover, the state exhibits two peculiar features. First, there is a relationship between the inelasticity of collisions, the pressure, and the temperature gradient. Second, the heat flux can be expressed as being linear in the temperature gradient, i.e. a Fourier-like law is obeyed. One of the solutions is singular in the elastic limit. The theoretical predictions following from the other one are compared with molecular dynamics simulation results and a good agreement is obtained in the parameter region in which the Fourier state can be actually observed in the simulations, namely not too strong inelasticity.

  18. USING INTERACTION MATRICES TO DESCRIBEUSING INTERACTION MATRICES TO DESCRIBE RADIOCAESIUM MIGRATION IN GRASSLANDRADIOCAESIUM MIGRATION IN GRASSLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

    - the components of the system are elements in the leading diagonal (i=j). - n(n-1) interaction terms (off diagonal,1: resuspension a3,2: rain splash, soil adhesion root uptake a3,4: soil vertical transport (difussion, convection

  19. begins by describing the inhumanity of the proto-Germanic Suebi peoples from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitler, whom he unfortunately named chancellor of Germany) and served until his death in 1934 (various

  20. Three surveillance systems for describing the spatial distribution of Johne's disease seropositivity in Texas cattle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearce, Brielle H.

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    distribution of Johne’s disease seropositvity, based on the three surveillance systems, confirmed our hypothesis that estimation of disease distribution is dependant upon the source of surveillance samples....

  1. This chapter describes observations of continuing change in the Arctic environmental system. It is or-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatt, Uma

    for the longest period and largest area of ice sheet melt since at least 1978, and the highest melt rate since in the Canadian Arctic, where the rate of mass loss from small glaciers and ice caps continued to increase system. It is or- ganized into five broad sections: atmosphere, ocean, sea ice cover, land, and Greenland

  2. This paper describes the implementation and performance of PBPI, a parallel implementation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Xizhou

    (MCMC) method with likelihood-based assessment of phylogenies, Bayesian phylogenetic inferences can on a probabilistic model of molecular evolution. Bayesian phylogenetic inference and maximum likelihood estimation of Bayesian phylogenetic inference method for DNA sequence data. By combining the Markov Chain Monte Carlo

  3. FLOOD WARNING This brochure describes the flood warning system operated by the Commonwealth Bureau of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    or stock to higher ground, or implement other temporary flood loss reduction measures. Warnings in the flood-threatened area believe the warning and take appropriate action in advance of being flooded. Roles below the floor level as well as bicycle and pedestrian paths. In rural areas removal of stock

  4. The ground state problem for a quantum Hamiltonian model describing friction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Department of Mathematical Methods in Physics Warsaw University Ho»a 74, 00-682, Warszawa, Poland June 3 consists at each point in the space of a vibration #28;eld with which the particle exchanges energy has been studied in [16] (except for the kinetic energy of the particle which was p p 2 + 1 instead

  5. The water supercooled regime as described by four common water models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malaspina, David C; Pereyra, Rodolfo G; Szleifer, Igal; Carignano, Marcelo A

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The temperature scale of simple water models in general does not coincide with the natural one. Therefore, in order to make a meaningful evaluation of different water models a temperature rescaling is necessary. In this paper we introduce a rescaling using the melting temperature and the temperature corresponding to the maximum of the heat capacity to evaluate four common water models (TIP4P-Ew, TIP4P-2005, TIP5P-Ew and Six-Sites) in the supercooled regime. Although all the models show the same general qualitative behavior, the TIP5P-Ew appears as the best representation of the supercooled regime when the rescaled temperature is used. We also analyze, using thermodynamic arguments, the critical nucleus size for ice growth. Finally, we speculate on the possible reasons why atomistic models do not usually crystalize while the coarse grained mW model do crystallize.

  6. Use of Describing Functions for Predicting Low-Loss AMB Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsiotras, Panagiotis

    , and their potential for active disturbance rejection. AMBs are indispensable for high-speed electromechanical flywheel satellites. In order to be competitive with chemical batteries, these flywheel batteries must operate at very, flywheels, high-speed turbines, and machine tools [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]. AMBs are indispensable

  7. Parallel cascades: New ways to describe noise transfer in medical imaging systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Ian

    Radiology, London Health Sciences Center and The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. Use of the transfer-theory approach facilitates a straightforward generalization to many new digital for a specified ra- diation dose to the patient. While there are many aspects to ``image quality,'' one important

  8. The western mining camps as described by women who lived in them

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Gail McBride

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Washing- ton, Oregon, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and South Dakota experienced gold mining booms, and all but Oregon, Wyoming, and South Dakota had silver strikes. The first discovery of gold... in Colorado, which lasted from 1859 to approximately 1880, large amounts of gold were taken from mines in Boulder, Gilpin, and Clear Creek counties, and from other smaller districts throughout the mountainous parts of the state. It is difficult...

  9. Tara O'Toole Memo to CSO describing the announcement of the DOE VPP program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In her January 26, 1994, memorandum to the Cognizant Secretarial Officers and Operations Office managers, Secretary O'Leary formally announced a new initiative, "the Department of Energy Voluntary...

  10. > PEDS'01 CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS< 1 Abstract --This paper describes a novel current control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fujimoto, Hiroshi

    strategy of a voltage-source PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) inverter by means of dithering. There have been

  11. A Prehistoric Lahar-Dammed Lake And Eruption Of Mount Pinatubo Described In

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1 WindtheEnergy InformationOf TheLtd APWR Jump to:A

  12. Fact sheet produced by the U.S. Department of Energy describing hydrogen safety.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport in RepresentativeDepartment ofDepartmentLastSodium-BetaDepartment ofWindStorage

  13. how is the growth of the Smart Grid described | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin: EnergyWyandanch,Eaga SolarZoloHome

  14. HARBEC's $52,000 Annual Energy Savings under SEP Described in New Case

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking of Blythe Solar Power Project Groundof|than Ever | DepartmentofH2USA

  15. New Report Describes Joint Opportunities for Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative JC3 RSS September 9, 2013 V-237:MultimediaConsumers' Utility

  16. What Started the Motion Described By Newton's Third Law? | GE Global

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrincetonUsing Maps1DOETHEWeeklyTRUDoes a

  17. This fact sheet describes the environmental cleanup activities the U.S. Departme

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City, Arizona, DisposalFourthN V O'1

  18. This fact sheet describes the repository design activities the U.S. Department o

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City, Arizona, DisposalFourthN V O'1repository design activities the

  19. This fact sheet describes wetlands in and around Monticello, Utah, and what the

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City, Arizona, DisposalFourthN V O'1repository design activities

  20. Editor's Note: Toolboxes are a new, occasional feature in the Journal designed to briefly highlight a new method or a resource of general use in neuroscience or to critically analyze existing approaches or methods. For more information, see http://www.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shefi, Orit

    -mediated delivery is not sensitive to permeability of the cell mem- brane by specific reagents and lacks of the corresponding nucleic acids into the targeted cells. Cur- rent methods for introducing DNA and RNA into cells tissue (Klein et al., 1987). The substances in- jected into cells using the biolistics tech- nique have

  1. Alternatives to the Seesaw: Extra Z's and Constraints on Large Extra Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul Langacker

    2003-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Alternatives to the traditional grand unified theory seesaw for neutrino masses are briefly described. These include the possibility of large extra dimensions and various possibilities for models involving an extra U(1)' gauge symmetry. The difficulty of observing Majorana phases in neutrinoless double beta decay is also briefly commented on.

  2. Criteria for Selection of a COTS Real-Time Operating System: a Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beus-Dukic, Ljerka

    . The choices made for the criteria template used in our survey are briefly explained in the following sections1 Criteria for Selection of a COTS Real-Time Operating System: a Survey Ljerka Beus-Dukic School to provide the answers. The paper presents the results of this survey. The first section briefly describes

  3. An overview of software safety standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawrence, J.D.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The writing of standards for software safety is an increasingly important activity. This essay briefly describes the two primary standards-writing organizations, IEEE and IEC, and provides a discussion of some of the more interesting software safety standards.

  4. Effectiveness of Federal Government Programs to Promote Use of Energy-Conserving Industrial Equipment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newsom, D. E.; Evans, A. R.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Argonne National Laboratory has conducted evaluations of possible industrial energy conservation policies for the U.S. Department of Energy. This paper discusses the evaluation of policy effectiveness, briefly describing the approach taken...

  5. Effect of red blood cells on platelet aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karniadakis, George E.

    This study briefly reviews the model that describes platelet behavior resulting in aggregation and thrombus formation. This is followed by an overview of the basics of the dissipative particle dynamics (DPD), the simulation ...

  6. Hazardous materials in Aquatic environments of the Mississippi River basin. Quarterly project status report, 1 January 1994--30 March 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdelghani, A.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Projects associated with this grant for studying hazardous materials in aquatic environments of the Mississippi River Basin are reviewed and goals, progress and research results are discussed. New, one-year initiation projects are described briefly.

  7. Description of the Earth system model of intermediate complexity LOVECLIM version 1.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goosse, H.

    The main characteristics of the new version 1.2 of the three-dimensional Earth system model of intermediate complexity LOVECLIM are briefly described. LOVECLIM 1.2 includes representations of the atmosphere, the ocean and ...

  8. PURDUE UNIVERSITY STUDY GUIDE FOR MA 15800 ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    odavis

    2012-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This Study Guide describes briefly the topics to be mastered prior to attempting the ... When you are prepared for it, use the Practice Problems as a sample examination. ... View example pictures of good and bad calculators on the archived.

  9. Tips for Academic Writing By Christof Lutteroth and Gerald Weber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, James R.

    Tips for Academic Writing By Christof Lutteroth and Gerald Weber Before you start you should look and Weber pointed out [2] ..." A paper can be cited several times. You should briefly describe what others

  10. The BNL rare kaon decay program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Littenberg, L.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The rare kaon decay program at Brookhaven National Laboratory is reviewed. Results from the last round of experiments are briefly discussed. The three experiments currently collecting data are described. Prospects for future experiments are discussed.

  11. Failure to Connect: The Massachusetts Plan for Individual Health Insurance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weeks Leonard, Elizabeth

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article briefly describes the key features of the Massachusetts Health Care Reform Act, focusing particularly on the Connector. It then offers preliminary thoughts on the expected effect of that mechanism for creating ...

  12. Fire Size and Fire Spread in Tunnels with Longitudinal Ventilation Systems. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carvel, Ricky O; Beard, Alan; Jowitt, P W; Drysdale, Dougal

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results and findings of three previous research projects are combined with new research to estimate the overall influence of longitudinal ventilation on fire size and spread in tunnels. Each of the three previous projects is briefly described...

  13. Save with Hybrid Refrigeration 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, C. W.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) unit, is presented in this article. This paper will briefly describe process configuration, advantages and utility consumption, equipment cost and direct field cost comparisons of such a hybrid refrigeration unit over its counterpart, a cascading MCR...

  14. Progress on project to produce SNG and other fuels from peat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Developments in peat gasification research projects at the Institute of Gas Technology are briefly described. This includes developments in the Peatgas pilot plant and in the wet carbonization process. US peat resources are tabulated.

  15. Dynamic Network Utility Maximization with Delivery Contracts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 30, 2007 ... We briefly describe a heuristic, based on model predictive control, ... In the most common case, the route of a flow will be a path, from a source ...

  16. VISHNU hybrid model for viscous QCD matter at RHIC and LHC energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huichao Song

    2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In this proceeding, we briefly describe the viscous hydrodynamics + hadron cascade hybrid model VISHNU for relativistic heavy ion collisions and report the current status on extracting the QGP viscosity from elliptic flow data.

  17. 2011 Annual Planning Summary for Argonne Site Office (Argonne)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Annual Planning Summaries briefly describe the status of ongoing NEPA compliance activities, any EAs expected to be prepared in the next 12 months, any EISs expected to be prepared in the next 24...

  18. Materials and Chemical Sciences Division annual report, 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research programs from Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory in materials science, chemical science, nuclear science, fossil energy, energy storage, health and environmental sciences, program development funds, and work for others is briefly described. (CBS)

  19. Development of finite-difference equations for variance of neutron fluxes in reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laletin, N. I., E-mail: nil@adis.vver.kiae.ri; Kovalishin, A. A., E-mail: kaa@adis.vver.kiae.ri [Russian Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Different sources-methodical, constant, and technological-are discussed for uncertainties in calculation functionals. The basic principles of three methods used in calculations of uncertainties are briefly described.

  20. 0{nu}{beta}{beta}: The experimental challenge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferroni, Fernando [Sapienza Universita' and INFN Sezione di Roma, Roma I-00185 (Italy)

    2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the main experimental issues related to neutrinoless double beta decay searches. It discusses, although briefly, the past, present and future of this exciting, fundamental but extremely complex field of research.

  1. Expert assistants for design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aldridge, J.; Cerutti, J.; Draisin, W.; Steuerwalt, M.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two expert programs currently under development at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, PROCON and the Designer's Apprentice, are briefly described. Both codes define interface to simulations that provide a wide variety of information about the performance of complex devices. (BCS)

  2. What is the Broad Line Region?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ari Laor

    2003-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    What is the Broad Line Region (BLR) made of? What determines its location? Why is it sometimes missing? What controls its properties? Some recent results and new approaches which may shed light on these issues are briefly described.

  3. Review of Support Schemes for Renewable Energy Sources in South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batlle, Carlos

    This article reviews the current experiences implemented to date in the South American region to promote non-conventional renewable energy sources. We briefly describe first the particular characteristics of the territory ...

  4. Modeling of selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of nitric oxide with ammonia using four modern catalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Giriraj

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    values of the SCR process parameters, namely temperature, inlet oxygen concentration and inlet ammonia concentration. The NOx emission, its formation and control methods are discussed briefly and then the fundamentals of the SCR process are described...

  5. Structures for capturing CO.sub.2, methods of making the structures, and methods of capturing CO.sub.2

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, Christopher W; Hicks, Jason C; Fauth, Daniel J; McMahan, Gray

    2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Briefly described, embodiments of this disclosure, among others, include carbon dioxide (CO.sub.2) sorption structures, methods of making CO.sub.2 sorption structures, and methods of using CO.sub.2 sorption structures.

  6. Renewable Energy and Efficiency Modeling Analysis Partnership: An Analysis of How Different Energy Models Addressed a Common High Renewable Energy Penetration Scenario in 2025

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blair, N.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ACORE AEO ANL BNL CCS DOE EERE EIA EMF EPA FERC IGCC IPM ITCmodels are IPM, HAIKU, NEMS-EIA, NEMS-GPRA, WinDS, NE-MARKALInformation Administration (EIA), the American Council for

  7. New Method and Reporting of Uncertainty in LBNL National Energy Modeling System Runs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gumerman, Etan Z.; LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Marnay, Chris

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GPRA Runs 3. Conclusion LBNL set out to establish a standarduncertainty into typical, LBNL-NEMS runs completed for GPRAwill be produced together with all future LBNL-NEMS runs.

  8. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ancillary Services (Australia) U.K. Power Exchange viiiAustralia’s NEM NEMMCO Statnett Fingrid Nordic Power Marketfor Australia’s NEM, the U.K. ’s BETTA, and the Nordic Power

  9. Model documentation: Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model of the National Energy Modeling System; Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model (NGTDM) is a component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to represent the domestic natural gas transmission and distribution system. NEMS is the third in a series of computer-based, midterm energy modeling systems used since 1974 by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) and its predecessor, the Federal Energy Administration, to analyze domestic energy-economy markets and develop projections. This report documents the archived version of NGTDM that was used to produce the natural gas forecasts used in support of the Annual Energy Outlook 1994, DOE/EIA-0383(94). The purpose of this report is to provide a reference document for model analysts, users, and the public that defines the objectives of the model, describes its basic design, provides detail on the methodology employed, and describes the model inputs, outputs, and key assumptions. It is intended to fulfill the legal obligation of the EIA to provide adequate documentation in support of its models (Public Law 94-385, Section 57.b.2). This report represents Volume 1 of a two-volume set. (Volume 2 will report on model performance, detailing convergence criteria and properties, results of sensitivity testing, comparison of model outputs with the literature and/or other model results, and major unresolved issues.) Subsequent chapters of this report provide: (1) an overview of the NGTDM (Chapter 2); (2) a description of the interface between the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) and the NGTDM (Chapter 3); (3) an overview of the solution methodology of the NGTDM (Chapter 4); (4) the solution methodology for the Annual Flow Module (Chapter 5); (5) the solution methodology for the Distributor Tariff Module (Chapter 6); (6) the solution methodology for the Capacity Expansion Module (Chapter 7); (7) the solution methodology for the Pipeline Tariff Module (Chapter 8); and (8) a description of model assumptions, inputs, and outputs (Chapter 9).

  10. Analytical methods for describing charged particle dynamics in general focusing lattices using generalized Courant-Snyder theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Hong; Burby, J W; Chung, Moses

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamics of charged particles in general linear focusing lattices with quadrupole, skew-quadrupole, dipole, and solenoidal components, as well as torsion of the fiducial orbit and variation of beam energy is parameterized using a generalized Courant-Snyder (CS) theory, which extends the original CS theory for one degree of freedom to higher dimensions. The envelope function is generalized into an envelope matrix, and the phase advance is generalized into a 4D symplectic rotation, or an U(2) element. The 1D envelope equation, also known as the Ermakov-Milne-Pinney equation in quantum mechanics, is generalized to an envelope matrix equation in higher dimensions. Other components of the original CS theory, such as the transfer matrix, Twiss functions, and CS invariant (also known as the Lewis invariant) all have their counterparts, with remarkably similar expressions, in the generalized theory. The gauge group structure of the generalized theory is analyzed. By fixing the gauge freedom with a desired symmetr...

  11. Structure preserving integrators for solving linear quadratic optimal control problems with applications to describe the flight of a quadrotor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanes, Sergio

    Structure preserving integrators for solving linear quadratic optimal control problems control, linear quadratic methods, matrix Riccati differential equation, second order exponential. [8, 11, 14] during the last years. While the extensively studied linear quadratic optimal control (LQ

  12. DRAFT: For publication in Water Science & Technology, 37(4): 231-234 A Conceptual Model Describing Macromolecule

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    polycarbonate filter), has been reported to comprise more than 75% of the total amino acids in wastewater). In this study we analyze and summarize recent studies we conducted in order to understand the fate

  13. Describing, assessing and embedding flexibility in system architectures with application to wireless terrestrial networks and handset processors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Prithviraj, 1971-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents a framework that can be used to identify the flexibility attributes and determine the value of embedding flexibility in system architectures, from the context of network based wireless applications and ...

  14. Abstract--This paper describes Nice Grid, a demonstration project part of the European initiative Grid4EU. The project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Grid4EU. The project aims at developing a smart solar neighbourhood in the urban area of the city with forecasts of solar power production and load in a local energy management system. The paper, which demonstration projects on Smart Grid. Index Terms-- Energy storage, Forecasting, Photovoltaic systems, Smart

  15. Thermodynamics of MgB2 described by the weak-coupling two-band BCS model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishonov, TM; Pokrovsky, Valery L.; Wei, HD.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - 0321572 and No. DMR 0103455. 1 R. S. Gonnelli et al., Supercond. Sci. Technol. 16, 171 s2003d. 2 I. I. Mazin et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 107002 s2002d. 3 A. A. Golubov et al., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14, 1353 s2002d. 4 S. V. Shulga et al., cond...d. 17 V. G. Kogan, Phys. Rev. B 66, 020509sRd s2002d. 18 T. M. Mishonov et al., cond-mat/0212491. 19 T. Mishonov and E. Penev, Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 16, 3573 s2002d; T. Mishonov, S.-L. Drechsler, and E. Penev, Mod. Phys. Lett. B 17, 755 s2003d...

  16. PHYSICS EDUCATION RESEARCH SECTION The Physics Education Research Section (PERS) publishes articles describing important results from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koehl, Mimi

    of junior-level electricity and magnetism Stephanie V. Chasteen and Steven J. Pollock Science Education to learn physics as a major: upper-division Electricity & Magnetism I (E&M I). While physics educationPHYSICS EDUCATION RESEARCH SECTION The Physics Education Research Section (PERS) publishes articles

  17. This is the documentation for the database used to train the neural network models, as described in chapter 8.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    % Column 13 Nitrogen wt% Column 14 Carbon wt% Column 15 Boron wt% Column 16 Phosphorus wt% Column 17 References 1. The British Steelmakers Creep Committee: BSCC High Temperature Data. Technical report, The Iron and Steel Institute, 1973. 2. Datasheets 16B, 33A and 38A from the National Research Institute for Metals

  18. Colorado State University Health Network THIS NOTICE DESCRIBES HOW MEDICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH INFORMATION ABOUT YOU MAY BE USED AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IT CAREFULLY. Hartshorn Health Service and University Counseling Center integrated their services July 1, 2008 health care. Information will be shared to the extent appropriate for your care. The Department of Health may be used and disclosed to medical/mental health care providers as appropriate/necessary to ensure

  19. Homoclinic orbits, and self-excited and hidden attractors in a Lorenz-like system describing convective fluid motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. A. Leonov; N. V. Kuznetsov; T. N. Mokaev

    2015-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In this tutorial, we discuss self-excited and hidden attractors for systems of differential equations. We considered the example of a Lorenz-like system derived from the well-known Glukhovsky--Dolghansky and Rabinovich systems, to demonstrate the analysis of self-excited and hidden attractors and their characteristics. We applied the fishing principle to demonstrate the existence of a homoclinic orbit, proved the dissipativity and completeness of the system, and found absorbing and positively invariant sets. We have shown that this system has a self-excited attractor and a hidden attractor for certain parameters. The upper estimates of the Lyapunov dimension of self-excited and hidden attractors were obtained analytically.

  20. 59844 Federal Register / Vol. 62, No. 214 / Wednesday, November 5, 1997 / Proposed Rules described in this Notice of Proposed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and North Street, Harrisburg, PA 17105 The Honorable Joan H. Smith, Commissioner, Oregon Public Utility and North Street, Harrisburg, PA 17105­3265 Steve Burnett, Federal Communications Commission, Common Carrier

  1. "Right-to-Know" is a generic term describing an employee's legal right to obtain information about

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    resource locations. Containers of hazardous materials must be LABELED with the identity, hazard warnings the hazards of chemical substances used on the job, and the precautions necessary to safely work to communicate this information to affected employees. The regulation is logically named "Hazard Communication

  2. This paper describes the development of a system for dexterous telemanipulation and presents the results of tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    hand mounted on the end of a 4-DOF industrial robot arm. Forces measured at the robot fingers can Virtual Technologies. The industrial robot arm tracks the motions of the human arm as measured by a 6 DOF

  3. Contraction and stability analysis of steady-states for open quantum systems described by Lindblad differential equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierre Rouchon; Alain Sarlette

    2013-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    For discrete-time systems, governed by Kraus maps, the work of D. Petz has characterized the set of universal contraction metrics. In the present paper, we use this characterization to derive a set of quadratic Lyapunov functions for continuous-time systems, governed by Lindblad differential equations, that have a steady-state with full rank. An extremity of this set is given by the Bures metric, for which the quadratic Lyapunov function is obtained by inverting a Sylvester equation. We illustrate the method by providing a strict Lyapunov function for a Lindblad equation designed to stabilize a quantum electrodynamic "cat" state by reservoir engineering. In fact we prove that any Lindblad equation on the Hilbert space of the (truncated) harmonic oscillator, which has a full-rank equilibrium and which has, among its decoherence channels, a channel corresponding to the photon loss operator, globally converges to that equilibrium.

  4. This is the documentation for the yield strength neural network, as described in Program MAP_NEURAL_AUSTENITIC_YIELD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    temperatures, as a function of chemical composition and heat treatments. Specification Language: FORTRAN / C The modelling procedure is a purely empirical one, and is based on a neural network program called generate44, which was developed by David MacKay and is part of the bigback5 program. The model is constituted

  5. This is the documentation for the UTS neural network, as described in chapter 8. Program MAP_NEURAL_AUSTENITIC_UTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    composition and heat treatments. Specification Language: FORTRAN / C Product form: Source code / Executable files Operating System: Solaris 5.5.1 & Windows 95 Description The modelling procedure is a purelyKay and is part of the bigback5 program. The model is constituted of a committee of several individual neural

  6. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. PURPOSE: This technical note describes an Engineering With Nature (EWN) project being

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    modifications to LRB's normal maintenance procedures for breakwater repairs at this site. The structural design would be present otherwise using standard practices. This work was funded through the U.S. Environmental Mission and Goals (USACE 2013a, Text Box). In addition, the USACE Environmental Operating Principles (EOPs

  7. Abstract We describe the preliminary optimal design of an electromechanical above-knee active prosthesis with energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Dan

    prosthesis with energy storage and regeneration. A DC motor-generator applies a positive or negative torque to the knee. The control system regulates the exchange of energy between the motor-generator and a supercapacitor. The central idea of the design is motivated by the mechanics, energy management, and sensor

  8. Development of a dynamic optimal habitat model to describe the spatial and temporal habitat distributions of giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Senyk, Natalie Alexandra; Sanchez, John

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nutrient supply to a kelp forest ecosystem in southerncomposition of the giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera:in a Southern California kelp community. Science. 224: 283-

  9. Development of a dynamic optimal habitat model to describe the spatial and temporal habitat distributions of giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Senyk, Natalie Alexandra; Sanchez, John

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1984. Episodic nutrient supply to a kelp forest ecosystem in1977. Nutrients and production of the giant kelp Macrocystiskelp, Macrocystis pyrifera: response to temporal changes in ambient nutrient

  10. The purpose of this study was to describe 3-dimensional scapular motion patterns during dynamic shoulder move-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karduna, Andrew

    was accomplished by inser- tion of 2 1.6-mm bone pins into the spine of the scapula in 8 healthy volunteers (5 men, 3 women). A small, 3- dimensional motion sensor was rigidly fixed to the scapular pins. Sensors were electromagnetic-based system and attached a motion sensor directly to the scapula with bone pins drilled

  11. In this paper, a system is described for the recognition of mixtures of noise sources in acoustic input signals. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virtanen, Tuomas

    acoustic surveillance, speech processing in a noisy background, acoustic database queries, noise pollution in acoustic input signals. The problem is approached by utilizing both bottom­up signal analysis and top. 1 INTRODUCTION Recognition of acoustic noise mixtures is viewed here as the detection and broad

  12. Abstract--This paper describes research on a "mental commitment robot". These robots have a different target

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabanovic, Selma

    a different target audience to industrial robots, one that is not so rigidly dependent on objective measures, as with industrial robots. Because these are complicated factors that require consideration and sensitivity to people

  13. Abstract --We describe the core components of a mobile RFID system, and they include components such as mobile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    . I. INTRODUCTION One of the key problems with mobile RFID technology is how to quickly use the mobile mobile RFID technology can focus on implementing commerce logic. WIPI (Wireless Internet Platform-357-D00255) application, Browser parser, and Phone GUI. Most functions for mobile RFID technology

  14. 6. Acoustic cues to word length in recurrent Simulations described in Chapter 3 demonstrated that a recurrent network trained to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Matt

    activates all lexical units that match the current input, with the degree of activation representing the probability of each word given the current input. Where the input matches both a complete word and the start-level competition. Lexical competition models such as TRACE (McClelland & Elman, 1986) produce a bias towards short

  15. SIMULATION OF HENs This chapter describes how dynamic simulations of HENs can be carried out. The type and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    of the material, and the thermal diffusivity a in equation (3.1) is given by a = k/c v . Equation (3.1) gives of controlled HENs are performed. 3.1 Governing equations for heat transfer A quite general expression for the energy balance (e.g. Bird et al., 1960), using cartesian tensor notation, is ( ) ( ) ¶ ¶ r ¶ ¶ r

  16. INTRODUCTION This document describes the work of the Information Literacy Test Subcommittee of the Teaching and Learning Working Group to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benos, Panayiotis "Takis"

    (tasks to undertake) #12; 2 · SAILS-type assessment products ­ take stock). · Embedded IL assessment ­ review best practices and take stock of what already

  17. A Model Describing Stable Coherent Synchrotron Radiation in Storage Rings F. Sannibale,* J. M. Byrd, A. Loftsdottir,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Berkeley, California 94720, USA M. Abo-Bakr, J. Feikes, K. Holldack, P. Kuske, and G. Wu¨stefeld BESSY mb of CSR at the BESSY II storage ring. We also use this model to optimize the performance of a source observation of steady state CSR when the BESSY II storage ring was tuned into a special low momentum

  18. A new predictive dynamic model describing the effect of1 the ambient temperature and the convective heat transfer2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Ratkowsky "square root" model and a simplified two-parameter20 heat transfer model regarding an infinite

  19. he building that houses the Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research can be described as transparent,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zandstra, Peter W.

    T he building that houses the Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research can faculty. Each of the new recruits, along with other researchers in the building, have started new towards the glass wall of the building to the expansive and unobstructed view of the skyline and the city

  20. Application of Semi-Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (SGMC) methods to describe non-equilibrium polymer systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardin, Frederick E

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding the structure of materials, and how this structure affects their properties, is an important step towards the understanding that is necessary in order to apply computational methods to the end of designing ...

  1. Abstract--In this paper we describe the experimental work and present an algorithm for vehicle detection using sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varaiya, Pravin

    sensors offer the flexibility advantage, but just like any portable device, the limit of the energy source of the energy source for transmission and re). This adaptive algorithm first computes the time-domain energy distribution curve and then slices the energy

  2. In this paper, we describe a new European Framework-7 funded research project, EcoGem, and introduce a new

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Derek

    learning approaches. While Fully Electric Vehicles (FEVs) have the potential to dramatically reduce fuel vehicles, intelligent vehicles, and smart highways. Autonomous vehicles are controlled by an on- board of the vehicle itself. Although impressive performances have been observed from autonomous vehicles

  3. This paper describes the integrated modeling of a permanent magnet (PM) motor used in an electromechanical actuator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Thomas

    -history profile of load forces (force profile). Both of these profiles can be translated to the perspective and localized nature of the power demands of an EMA's motor, an especially Integrated Nonlinear Dynamic Modeling for simulating the motor over lengthy mission profiles. Instead, a nonlinear, lumped element model (NL-LEM) can

  4. Abstract--The current paper describes one-dimensional cutting stock model for joinery manufacturing. The joinery elements differ in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mustakerov, Ivan

    ) in order to satisfy the demand for all joinery elements. Along with this, it is necessary to find in the production planning of many industries such as the metallurgy, plastics, paper, glass, furniture, textile elements have to be manufactured using blanks of single standard size. This demands developing of methods

  5. Adaptado de: "Qu describe la etiqueta?" http://wwwhttp://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/fflabel.html DATOS NUTRICIONALES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Robert M.

    · grasas trans · colesterol · sodio Consumir mucho de éstos puede elevar el riesgo de sufrir enfermedades

  6. Parallel cascades: New ways to describe noise transfer in medical imaging J. Yao and I.A. Cunningham

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Ian

    , Ontario N6A 5K8, Canada icunning@irus.rri.on.ca Department of Diagnostic Radiology, London Health Sciences generalization to many new digital imaging systems including conventional angiographic and active-matrix flat be designed to ensure that maximum image quality is obtained for a specified radi- ation dose to the patient

  7. A new view on exoplanet transits: Transit of Venus described using three-dimensional solar atmosphere Stagger-grid simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiavassa, A; Faurobert, M; Ricort, G; Tanga, P; Magic, Z; Collet, R; Asplund, M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stellar activity and, in particular, convection-related surface structures, potentially cause fluctuations that can affect the transit light curves. Surface convection simulations can help the interpretation of ToV. We used realistic three-dimensional radiative hydrodynamical simulation of the Sun from the Stagger-grid and synthetic images computed with the radiative transfer code Optim3D to provide predictions for the transit of Venus in 2004 observed by the satellite ACRIMSAT. We computed intensity maps from RHD simulation of the Sun and produced synthetic stellar disk image. We computed the light curve and compared it to the ACRIMSAT observations and also to the light curves obtained with solar surface representations carried out using radial profiles with different limb-darkening laws. We also applied the same spherical tile imaging method to the observations of center-to-limb Sun granulation with HINODE. We managed to explain ACRIMSAT observations of 2004 ToV and showed that the granulation pattern cause...

  8. Abstract--We describe in this article a multiagent urban traffic simulation, as we believe individual-based modeling is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of the network from purely geometric data, ESRI shapefiles. We then explain how we include traffic related data

  9. DESCRIPTION OF CYCLES Both a simple cycle and a regenerative cycle were examined; these are described in Fig 1.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    conditions, some of the water vapor will condense in the indoor coil. It was assumed that the condensate OF ANALYSIS. The principal challenge in the analysis of air cycle with water injection was to devise a simple) which is valid for an ideal gas. To approximate the entropy change of the water vapor, the following

  10. Developing a decision model to describe levels of self-directedness based upon the key assumptions of andragogy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Lance Jonathan

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As workplace demands change, a need has developed for alternatives to traditional education. With advancements in electronic telecommunication technologies, distance education has become a viable alternative to traditional ...

  11. Abstract We describe fruiting characteristics for 12 spe-cies in a community of strangler figs (Moraceae: Urostig-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    /seed dis- perser guilds and different fig species are unclear and bear on the general question 2072, Balboa, Panama C. Korine (u) Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion Uni

  12. J. Nat. Resour. Life Sci. Educ., Vol. 34 2005 83 We describe our pedagogical approaches and experiences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - ergy, biomass feedstocks for industrial processes). Secondly, the emerging definition of agroecology

  13. o understand fully the workings of the cell, we face the challenge of describing the three-dimensional structures of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sali, Andrej

    , D.C. Rao, J-X. She and A.M. Valdes for helpful input on the manuscript. The work was supported ¥ The genetics of complex diseases M20 Acknowledgements We thank M. Nelson for preparing Fig. 1 and L. Barcellos, M. Grote, J. Hollenbach, L. Louie, K. Mather, S. McWeeney, D. Meyer, E. Mignot, M. Nelson, H. Payami

  14. Abstract--This paper describes the extensibility mechanism that has been incorporated to the CAIN Adaptation Engine, that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Autonoma de Madrid, Universidad

    .molina@ uam.es). J. M. Martínez, Grupo de Tratamiento de Imágenes, EPS, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain. phone: 0034-91-497-22-60; e-mail: victor.valdes@ uam.es). F. López

  15. Final Conservation Billing Credit Policy Supplement Background and Need: This Conservation Billing Credit Policy Supplement describes how Bonneville

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist.New Mexico Feb.Information 9 Default CaptionJointSecurityo n

  16. Radiation Detection for Active Interrogation of HEU

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mihalczo, J.T.

    2004-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This report briefly describes the neutrons and gamma rays emitted by active interrogation of HEU, briefly discusses measurement methods, briefly discusses sources and detectors relevant to detection of shielded HEU in Sealand containers, and lists the measurement possibilities for the various sources. All but one of the measurement methods detect radiation emitted by induced fission in the HEU; the exception utilizes nuclear resonance fluorescence. The brief descriptions are supplemented by references. This report presents some active interrogation possibilities but the status of understanding is not advanced enough to select particular methods. Additional research is needed to evaluate these possibilities.

  17. Transportation Sector Model of the National Energy Modeling System. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Transportation Model (TRAN). The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated by the model. The NEMS Transportation Model comprises a series of semi-independent models which address different aspects of the transportation sector. The primary purpose of this model is to provide mid-term forecasts of transportation energy demand by fuel type including, but not limited to, motor gasoline, distillate, jet fuel, and alternative fuels (such as CNG) not commonly associated with transportation. The current NEMS forecast horizon extends to the year 2010 and uses 1990 as the base year. Forecasts are generated through the separate consideration of energy consumption within the various modes of transport, including: private and fleet light-duty vehicles; aircraft; marine, rail, and truck freight; and various modes with minor overall impacts, such as mass transit and recreational boating. This approach is useful in assessing the impacts of policy initiatives, legislative mandates which affect individual modes of travel, and technological developments. The model also provides forecasts of selected intermediate values which are generated in order to determine energy consumption. These elements include estimates of passenger travel demand by automobile, air, or mass transit; estimates of the efficiency with which that demand is met; projections of vehicle stocks and the penetration of new technologies; and estimates of the demand for freight transport which are linked to forecasts of industrial output. Following the estimation of energy demand, TRAN produces forecasts of vehicular emissions of the following pollutants by source: oxides of sulfur, oxides of nitrogen, total carbon, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and volatile organic compounds.

  18. APEC Smart Grid Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloyd, Cary N.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This brief paper describes the activities of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Smart Grid Initiative (ASGI) which is being led by the U.S. and developed by the APEC Energy Working Group. In the paper, I describe the origin of the initiative and briefly mention the four major elements of the initiative along with existing APEC projects which support it.

  19. Issues in midterm analysis and forecasting 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Issues in Midterm Analysis and Forecasting 1998 (Issues) presents a series of nine papers covering topics in analysis and modeling that underlie the Annual Energy Outlook 1998 (AEO98), as well as other significant issues in midterm energy markets. AEO98, DOE/EIA-0383(98), published in December 1997, presents national forecasts of energy production, demand, imports, and prices through the year 2020 for five cases -- a reference case and four additional cases that assume higher and lower economic growth and higher and lower world oil prices than in the reference case. The forecasts were prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), using EIA`s National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). The papers included in Issues describe underlying analyses for the projections in AEO98 and the forthcoming Annual Energy Outlook 1999 and for other products of EIA`s Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting. Their purpose is to provide public access to analytical work done in preparation for the midterm projections and other unpublished analyses. Specific topics were chosen for their relevance to current energy issues or to highlight modeling activities in NEMS. 59 figs., 44 tabs.

  20. Technology and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: An IntegratedScenario Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koomey, J.G.; Latiner, S.; Markel, R.J.; Marnay, C.; Richey, R.C.

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes an analysis of possible technology-based scenarios for the U.S. energy system that would result in both carbon savings and net economic benefits. We use a modified version of the Energy Information Administration's National Energy Modeling System (LBNL-NEMS) to assess the potential energy, carbon, and bill savings from a portfolio of carbon saving options. This analysis is based on technology resource potentials estimated in previous bottom-up studies, but it uses the integrated LBNL-NEMS framework to assess interactions and synergies among these options. The analysis in this paper builds on previous estimates of possible "technology paths" to investigate four major components of an aggressive greenhouse gas reduction strategy: (1) the large scale implementation of demand-side efficiency, comparable in scale to that presented in two recent policy studies on this topic; (2) a variety of "alternative" electricity supply-side options, including biomass cofiring, extension of the renewable production tax credit for wind, increased industrial cogeneration, and hydropower refurbishment. (3) the economic retirement of older and less efficient existing fossil-find power plants; and (4) a permit charge of $23 per metric ton of carbon (1996 $/t),l assuming that carbon trading is implemented in the US, and that the carbon permit charge equilibrates at this level. This level of carbon permit charge, as discussed later in the report, is in the likely range for the Clinton Administration's position on this topic.

  1. Model documentation renewable fuels module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it relates to the production of the 1997 Annual Energy Outlook forecasts. The report catalogues and describes modeling assumptions, computational methodologies, data inputs. and parameter estimation techniques. A number of offline analyses used in lieu of RFM modeling components are also described. This documentation report serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document for model analysts, model users, and the public interested in the construction and application of the RFM. Second, it meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. Finally, such documentation facilitates continuity in EIA model development by providing information sufficient to perform model enhancements and data updates as part of EIA`s ongoing mission to provide analytical and forecasting information systems.

  2. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    given that distributed PV substitutes for utility generationdistributed generation systems. NEM measures the difference between the electricity a homeowner buys from a utility

  3. EIA - Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) 2011 Data Tables

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    75. Imported Liquids by Source XLS Table 76. Conversion Factors XLS About the Annual Energy Outlook Contact Information and Staff About the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS)...

  4. International Opportunities Fund -Pump Priming grants call -April 2014 Rank Reference Grant Holder Project Title Excellence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to illuminate mesoscale physical-biological interactions off the coast of Oman 7 4 9 NE/M005836/1 Prof Euan

  5. Supplemental Tables to the Annual Energy Outlook - Energy Information...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    and Assumptions Acronyms NEMS: An Overview Assumptions report (2011) NERC Region map Levelized generation costs Capital cost for electricity plants About the National Energy...

  6. Solar Adoption and Energy Consumption in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAllister, Joseph Andrew

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Renewable Generation in California: Coordination Challenges in Time and Space."space with NEM. These upcoming initiatives are the Feed-in Tariff (FIT) and the Renewable

  7. South Dakota geothermal handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sources of geothermal fluids in South Dakota are described and some of the problems that exist in utilization and materials selection are described. Methods of heat extraction and the environmental concerns that accompany geothermal fluid development are briefly described. Governmental rules, regulations and legislation are explained. The time and steps necessary to bring about the development of the geothermal resource are explained in detail. Some of the federal incentives that encourage the use of geothermal energy are summarized. (MHR)

  8. Synthesis and characterization of actinide metal compounds formed by combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Behrens, R.G.; King, M.A.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper briefly describes the results of attempts to synthesize arsenides, phosphides, and antimonides of uranium and thorium using Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis (SHS) techniques. This paper first summarizes the chemistry and thermodynamics of these chemical systems, describes SHS synthesis techniques, and then describes the results of the syntheses using data from powder x-ray diffraction, metallographic, and electron microprobe analyses.

  9. Model documentation report: Residential sector demand module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Residential Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and FORTRAN source code. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description for energy analysts, other users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports according to Public Law 93-275, section 57(b)(1). Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements.

  10. Model documentation report: Commercial Sector Demand Module of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components. This report serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports (Public Law 93-275, section 57(b)(1)). Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements as future projects.

  11. Model documentation: Electricity market module, electricity finance and pricing submodule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the model, describe its basic approach, and provide detail on how it works. The EFP is a regulatory accounting model that projects electricity prices. The model first solves for revenue requirements by building up a rate base, calculating a return on rate base, and adding the allowed expenses. Average revenues (prices) are calculated based on assumptions regarding regulator lag and customer cost allocation methods. The model then solves for the internal cash flow and analyzes the need for external financing to meet necessary capital expenditures. Finally, the EFP builds up the financial statements. The EFP is used in conjunction with the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). Inputs to the EFP include the forecast generating capacity expansion plans, operating costs, regulator environment, and financial data. The outputs include forecasts of income statements, balance sheets, revenue requirements, and electricity prices.

  12. Model documentation report: Transportation sector model of the National Energy Modeling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Transportation Model (TRAN). The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated by the model. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description of TRAN for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirements of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its statistical and forecast reports (Public Law 93-275, 57(b)(1)). Third, it permits continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements.

  13. Data Integration by Describing Sources with Constraint Databases Xun Cheng 1;\\Lambda Guozhu Dong 2;\\Lambda\\Lambda Tzekwan Lau 1 Jianwen Su 1;\\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Guozhu

    source databases. The ap­ proach is based on some novel applications and extensions of con­ straint, 3, 16, 9] uses simple formal languages such as de­ scription logics (see [13]) to wrap data sources in terms of some global model (ontology). To evaluate a query, an agent determines the sources capable

  14. A finite difference model describing the dynamic effects of horizontal salinity gradients on the mean circulation of a shallow rectangular basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, Brady Allen

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is the bar-built estuary. It is formed by the development of an offshore barrier beach partly or wholly en- closing a sound. It has large horizontal dimensions and very shallow depths. There are usually several sources of freshwater inflow along... terms dominate the secondary effects. If its value is greater than one then the salinity (density) effects dominate. As examples he stated that in the Thames (D = . 8) the non-linear convective terms A would dominate, whereas in the Hersey estuary (D...

  15. Minerals Use in Safety Applications in the Workplace Many of the applications described below are found in and around the U.S. Geological Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    communications equipment, including computers and cell phones, as well as in gallium-based solar cells that power that provide power to emergency lighting fixtures and backup power to medical equipment. #12;2 Cement. Copper--Copper wiring provides power for emergency lighting systems and power and signal transmission

  16. PURPOSE: This technical note describes the development of an alternative approach to evaluate chronic toxicity and the significance of contaminant bioaccumulation in dredged material assess-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    chronic toxicity and the significance of contaminant bioaccumulation in dredged material assess- ments) require that biological evaluations be conducted to determine the suitability of dredged material sediment, the biological tests are conducted to assess the toxicity and bioaccumulation of contami- nants in dredged

  17. Describing the Use of Microsoft® Lync™ in the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service among County Extension Agents 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandifeer, Aimee

    2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    was modified from the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model and found to be a reliable and valid instrument. The UTAUT scale was developed by Venkatesh, Morris, Davis & Davis (2003) to assess users’ technology preferences. Constructs...

  18. 1-4244-0537-8/06/$20.00 2006 IEEE Abstract--In this paper we describe preliminary results from a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weitzenfeld, Alfredo

    a collaborative effort between ITAM's Robotics Lab and UCSC's Internetworking Research Group (i-NRG) focusing between researchers in robotics at ITAM and researchers in networking at UCSC in the design of new the robotics perspective, the Robotics and Biorobotics Laboratories at ITAM are involved in the development

  19. The proposal describes a Postdoctoral Fellows Program targeted on theoretical and mathe-matical science at the interface between disciplines. The postdoctoral fellows ("CTMS Fellows")

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolpert, Robert L

    which already exist, and enriching existing applied mathematics groups by infusing new topics. In order Fellows program will also create a mechanism for continuously infusing new intellectual topics

  20. UNIVERSITY HEALTH SERVICES NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICES This notice describes how medical information about you may be used and disclosed, and how you can get ac-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    review it carefully. I. UNDERSTANDING YOUR HEALTH INFORMATION Each time you visit, contact via phone, or send an electronic message to a University Health Services (UHS) health care provider (physician, nurse information is used: · to plan for your care and treatment; · for communication among your health care

  1. UNIVERSITY HEALTH SERVICES NOTICE OF PRIVACY PRACTICES This notice describes how medical information about you may be used and disclosed, and how you can get

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    it carefully. I. UNDERSTANDING YOUR HEALTH INFORMATION Each time you visit, contact via phone, or send an electronic message to a University Health Services (UHS) health care provider (physician, nurse, psychologist information is used: · to plan for your care and treatment; · for communication among your health care

  2. Adaptado de: "Qu describe la etiqueta?"http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/fflabel.html 2/06/09 DATOS NUTRICIONALES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Robert M.

    enfermedades. PORCENTAJE O % DE VALOR DIARIO · la grasa · el sodio · la fibra · las vitaminas · los minerales

  3. Why do mixed quantum-classical methods describe short-time dynamics through conical intersections so well? Analysis of geometric phase effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gherib, Rami; Izmaylov, Artur F

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Adequate simulation of non-adiabatic dynamics through conical intersection requires account for a non-trivial geometric phase (GP) emerging in electronic and nuclear wave-functions in the adiabatic representation. Popular mixed quantum-classical (MQC) methods, surface hopping and Ehrenfest, do not carry a nuclear wave-function to be able to incorporate the GP into nuclear dynamics. Surprisingly, the MQC methods reproduce ultra-fast interstate crossing dynamics generated with the exact quantum propagation so well as if they contained information about the GP. Using two-dimensional linear vibronic coupling models we unravel how the MQC methods can effectively mimic the most significant dynamical GP effects: 1) compensation for repulsive diagonal second order non-adiabatic couplings and 2) transfer enhancement for a fully cylindrically symmetric component of a nuclear distribution.

  4. A Campus-Wide Course on Micro Renewable Energy Systems This paper describes the intellectual and pedagogical issues, and results from two teachings of a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    devices such as rooftop wind turbines and solar water heaters. Many such efforts are driven by the passion independence. For instance, Figure 1: High-intensity solar converter plus wind turbine. Courtesy Laura and the wind and water flow for all those years, not a watt will come out until the plant is switched on

  5. Conclusion: We described an efficient non-invasive benign Methods: We use fluorescent silica colloidal particles of method to quantify dynamics and to perform mapping of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolov, Igor

    products, we use two base materials: either glycerin or vaseline. A mixture of each Key words: skin care products product with fluorescent particles is applied on human skin. spectroscopy The amount the outside environment. It protects protective oil layer from the skin. This results in the body from

  6. Off-shell extrapolation of Regge-model NN scattering amplitudes describing final state interactions in 2H(e,e'p)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, William Paul [Old Dominion University; van Orden, Wally [JLAB

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, an off-shell extrapolation is proposed for the Regge-model NN amplitudes presented in a paper by Ford and Van Orden [ Phys. Rev. C 87 014004 (2013)] and in an eprint by Ford (arXiv:1310.0871 [nucl-th]). The prescriptions for extrapolating these amplitudes for one nucleon off-shell in the initial state are presented. Application of these amplitudes to calculations of deuteron electrodisintegration are presented and compared to the limited available precision data in the kinematical region covered by the Regge model.

  7. Development of an Integrated Micro-Analytical System for Lead in Saliva and Linkage to a Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Model Describing Lead Saliva Secretion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Timchalk, Charles (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Poet, Torka S. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Lin, Yuehe (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Weitz, Karl K. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Zhao, Rui (ASSOC WESTERN UNIVERSITY); Thrall, Karla D. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

    2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a need to develop reliable portable analytical instruments for real-time monitoring of trace metals, such as lead (Pb) utilizing readily available non-invasive fluids like saliva. To interpret saliva results, an understanding of the pharmacokinetics of Pb secretion into the saliva is needed. A portable microfluidics/electrochemical device was developed for the rapid analysis of Pb based on square wave anodic stripping voltammetry, where a saliva sample flows over an electrode surface, Pb2+ is chemically reduced, accumulated, and the electric potential of the electrode scanned. To evaluate the relationship between saliva and blood Pb, rats were treated with single oral doses ranging from 20 to 500 mg Pb/kg of body weight, and 24 hours later salivation was induced by administering pilocarpine, a muscarinic agonist. Blood and saliva were collected and analyzed for Pb by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and by the micro-analytical system. The micro-analytical system was slightly less responsive ({approx}75-85%) than ICP-MS, however the response was linear over a concentration range of 1-2000 ppb suggesting that it can be utilized for the quantitation of salivary Pb. To relate saliva levels to internal dose of Pb (e.g. blood) and to total body burden, a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for Pb was modified to incorporate a salivary gland compartment. The model was capable of predicting blood and saliva Pb concentration based on a limited data set. These preliminary results are encouraging and suggest that a fully developed, micro-analytical system can be utilized as an important tool for real-time biomonitoring of Pb for both occupational and environmental exposures.

  8. Comment on Bachmann et al. (2013): A nonrepresentative sample cannot describe the extent of cultural eutrophication of natural lakes in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lottig, Noah R.

    of cultural eutrophication of natural lakes in the United States In their recent paper, Bachmann et al. (2013 eutrophication since Europe- an settlement, using paleolimnological data collected during the 2007 National Lakes the prevalence of culturally eutrophic lakes (Finlayson and D'Cruz 2005; Carpenter et al. 2011), the conclusion

  9. EAGE 66th Conference & Exhibition --Paris, France, 7 -10 June 2004 This paper describes a study undertaken to appraise spatially complex hydrocarbon reservoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    . Reservoir units are Lower Pliocene sands interpreted as amalgamated channel sands flanking a salt structure. Two exploratory wells and sixteen development wells were drilled after the initial discovery. However m in the vertical direction. Due to the proximity of the salt dome, reservoir sands exhibit dip

  10. Development of the ReaxFF Reactive Force Field for Describing Transition Metal Catalyzed Reactions, with Application to the Initial Stages of the Catalytic Formation of Carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    Center, Beckman Institute (139-74), California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 Recei the detailed behavior of such short-lived and high-energy chemical species,1-4 but these methods parameters were determined by fitting them to a substantial database of QM data, covering ground

  11. Co-non-solvency: Mean-field polymer theory does not describe polymer collapse transition in a mixture of two competing good solvents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debashish Mukherji; Carlos M. Marques; Torsten Stuehn; Kurt Kremer

    2015-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Smart polymers are a modern class of polymeric materials that often exhibit unpredictable behavior in mixtures of solvents. One such phenomenon is co-non-solvency. Co-non-solvency occurs when two (perfectly) miscible and competing good solvents, for a given polymer, are mixed together. As a result, the same polymer collapses into a compact globule within intermediate mixing ratios. More interestingly, polymer collapses when the solvent quality remains good and even gets increasingly better by the addition of the better cosolvent. This is a puzzling phenomenon that is driven by strong local concentration fluctuations. Because of the discrete particle based nature of the interactions, Flory-Huggins type mean field arguments become unsuitable. In this work, we extend the analysis of the co-non-solvency effect presented earlier [Nature Communications 5, 4882 (2014)]. We explain why co-non-solvency is a generic phenomenon that can be understood by the thermodynamic treatment of the competitive displacement of (co)solvent components. This competition can result in a polymer collapse upon improvement of the solvent quality. Specific chemical details are not required to understand these complex conformational transitions. Therefore, a broad range of polymers are expected to exhibit similar reentrant coil-globule-coil transitions in competing good solvents.

  12. This document is intended to be a "Guideline" which describes in simple terms a number of basic requirements which must be met before licensing honey processors. For further

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaplane, Keith S.

    License if they process and retail their own honey on their own premises, on a door-to-door retail route located on the premises of a food establishment shall be separated from rooms and areas used for food to walls and ceilings such as light fixtures, mechanical room ventilation system components, vent covers

  13. Off-shell extrapolation of Regge-model NN scattering amplitudes describing final state interactions in 2H(e,e'p)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ford, William Paul [Old Dominion University; van Orden, Wally [JLAB

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, an off-shell extrapolation is proposed for the Regge-model NN amplitudes presented in a paper by Ford and Van Orden [ Phys. Rev. C 87 014004 (2013)] and in an eprint by Ford (arXiv:1310.0871 [nucl-th]). The prescriptions for extrapolating these amplitudes for one nucleon off-shell in the initial state are presented. Application of these amplitudes to calculations of deuteron electrodisintegration are presented and compared to the limited available precision data in the kinematical region covered by the Regge model.

  14. Complete Phase I Tests As Described in the Multi-lab Test Plan for the Evaluation of CH3I Adsorption on AgZ

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruffey, S. H. [ORNL; Jubin, R. T. [ORNL

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Silver-exchanged mordenite (AgZ) has been identified as a potential sorbent for iodine present in the off-gas streams of a used nuclear fuel reprocessing facility. In such a facility, both elemental and organic forms of iodine are released from the dissolver in gaseous form. These species of iodine must be captured with high efficiency for a facility to avoid radioactive iodine release above regulatory limits in the gaseous effluent of the plant. Studies completed at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) examined the adsorption of organic iodine in the form of CH3I by AgZ. Upon breakthrough of the feed gas through the sorbent bed, elemental iodine was observed in the effluent stream, despite the fact that the only source of iodine in the system was the CH3I in the feed gas.1 This behavior does not appear to have been reported previously nor has it been independently confirmed. Thus, as a result of these prior studies, multiple knowledge gaps relating to the adsorption of CH3I by AgZ were identified, and a multi-lab test plan, including Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), INL, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), and Sandia National Laboratories, was formulated to address each in a systematic way.2 For this report, the scope of work for ORNL was further narrowed to three thin-bed experiments that would characterize CH3I adsorption onto AgZ in the presence of water, NO, and NO2. Completion of these three-thin bed experiments demonstrated that organic iodine in the form of CH3I was adsorbed by reduced silver mordenite (Ag0Z) to a 50% higher loading than that of I2 when adsorbed from a dry air stream. Adsorption curves suggest different adsorption mechanisms for I2 and CH3I. In the presence of NO and NO2 gas, the loading of CH3I onto Ag0Z is suppressed and may be reversible. Further, the presence of NO and NO2 gas appears to oxidize CH3I to I2; this is indicated by an adsorption curve similar to that of I2 on Ag0Z. Finally, the loss of organic iodine loading capacity by Ag0Z in the presence of NOx is unaffected by the addition of water vapor to the gas stream; no marked additional loss in capacity or retention was observed.

  15. Describing the Use of Microsoft® Lync™ in the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service among County Extension Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandifeer, Aimee

    2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    was modified from the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model and found to be a reliable and valid instrument. The UTAUT scale was developed by Venkatesh, Morris, Davis & Davis (2003) to assess users’ technology preferences. Constructs...

  16. UNIVERSITY HEALTH SERVICES PRIVACY INFORMATION for STUDENTS This notice describes how medical information about you may be used and disclosed, and how you can get ac-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharer, John E.

    review it carefully. I. UNDERSTANDING YOUR HEALTH INFORMATION Each time you visit, contact via phone, or send an electronic message to a University Health Services (UHS) health care provider (physician, nurse information is used: · to plan for your care and treatment; · for communication among your health care

  17. It is often difficult to come up with metrics to describe the resiliency of a cyber system. We might feel a system is in a good

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contingency Analysis Tool for Electric Power Grids Each Account Has Access to Files with Different compromised or disabled? A similar problem exists with power systems. To deal with this, power grid operators, methodologies, and algorithms that will enable a resilient cyber infrastructure with an asymmetric advantage

  18. The following reverse chronologically ordered list of PUblic RElations BYTEs (PURE BYTEs) are summaries in 200 words or less describing selected published works in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hebard, Arthur F.

    with light, acts as the power conversion zone for an entire class of solar cells. Schottky junctions* Polymer coating gives graphene solar cells highest efficiency yet Graphene and silicon, when they come together, form what is called a Schottky junction -- a one-way street for electrons that when illuminated

  19. In this paper we describe a generalized classification method for HMM-based speech recognition systems, that uses free energy as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Rita

    recognition systems, that uses free energy as a discriminant function rather than conventional probabilities negative free energy [2] of the HMM at a temperature . Consequently, MAP classifica- tion is equivalent to minimizing the free energy of the classifier with respect to the class at T = 1. In speech recognition

  20. As stated in "NAVIGATION PLAN: 2015-2019," this is our Position Report for 2014, which describes our progress toward the vision and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of 2014, our large- displacement unmanned undersea vehicle (LDUUV) program reached its first acquisition

  1. Identifying and describing strategies to increase self-esteem in students aged 16-22 with mild to moderate mental retardation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeHart, Martha Roberts

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    during the grades 8-12; or in the case of students with disabilities, pupils aged 16-22 ~S -e~- a confidence or satisfaction in oneself; self-respect St w' ? students identified as those with disabilities receiving special education services v ca... used for students aged 16-22 with mild to moderate mental retardation. To accomplish this purpose, a survey questionnaire was mailed to Vocational Adjustment Coordinators within the state of Texas. The sample consisted of all 220 members...

  2. Technical Notes TECHNICAL NOTES are short manuscripts describing new developments or important results of a preliminary nature. These Notes should not exceed 2500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choueiri, Edgar

    of the date of receipt. Style requirements are the same as for regular contributions (see inside back cover transform of the voltage at any node n x = length of transmission line min = smallest wavelength present be significantly corrupted by the action of the external power-supply circuitry; therefore, power-supply effects

  3. Abstract--In this study, we describe the utility of the zebrafish model of in-vivo blood vessel formation as a tool for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    @uh.edu). traditional mammalian models of toxicology. A wide range of congenital diseases are associated with blood and this pollutant is posing danger to humans by intake of affected fish, ground water exposed to toxins, etc

  4. Engineering Notes ENGINEERING NOTES are short manuscripts describing new developments or important results of a preliminary nature. These Notes should not exceed 2500

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are one of the main interests in these works, and the feedback control laws were generally synthesized the effects of minor perturbations other than the gravitational force from the (point mass) Earth are ignored control law that guides a chaser (or a deputy) to dock with a target (or a chief) with a desired

  5. Evaluation of conceptual, mathematical and physical-and-chemical models for describing subsurface radionuclide transport at the Lake Karachai Waste Disposal Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rumynin, V.G.; Mironenko, V.A.; Sindalovsky, L.N.; Boronina, A.V.; Konosavsky, P.K.; Pozdniakov, S.P.

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this work was to develop the methodology and to improve understanding of subsurface radionuclide transport for application to the Lake Karachai Site and to identify the influence of the processes and interactions involved into transport and fate of the radionuclides. The report is focused on two sets of problems, which have to do both with, hydrodynamic and hydrogeochemical aspects of the contaminant transport.

  6. PHYSICAL PREPARATION OF QUARTZ SAMPLES FOR Al/Be EXTRACTION This method describes the initial stages of quartz separation from rocks or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, John

    powerful motor, many uncovered moving parts, and a heavy flywheel that imparts enormous inertia to all WHILE WEARING ANY LOOSE CLOTHING THAT COULD BECOME CAUGHT IN THE BELTS OR FLYWHEEL. BE ESPECIALLY

  7. This brochure describes the flood warning system operated by the Australian Government, Bureau of Meteorology for the Condamine River catchment to Cotswold. It includes reference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    the main towns such as Warwick, Dalby and Chinchilla is not a regular occurrence and does not overshadow Bridge, Chinchilla Weir, and Condamine Town on the main river and Chinchilla on Charley's Creek. Local

  8. Can the jamming transition be described using equilibrium statistical mechanics? This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berthier, Ludovic

    such as foams or emulsions are compressed, they display solid behaviour above the so-called `jamming' transition, disordered systems (theory), mode coupling theory, structural glasses (theory) ArXiv ePrint: 1011.5637 c 2011. Statistical mechanics of harmonic spheres: glass phase 8 4.1. Mode-coupling theory

  9. The United States Department of Energy Announces the Availability of Four Public Documents Describing the Next Phase of the Weldon Spring Quarry Cleanup.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7 AugustAFRICAN3uj: ;;IDEC. i' , i Thec -. .- .

  10. Photovoltaic systems are often described and marketed in terms of the DC power rating of their modules, expressed in $'s/Watt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for RenewableSpeedingBiomassPPPOPetroleum Reserves Vision,4newsSolarrd IEEE PVSC, San

  11. Thermionic energy conversion plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rasor, N.S. (Rasor Associates, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States))

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper the history, application options, and ideal basic performance of the thermionic energy converter are outlined. The basic plasma types associated with various modes of converter operation are described, with emphasis on identification and semi-quantitative characterization of the dominant physical processes and utility of each plasma type. The frontier plasma science issues in thermionic converter applications are briefly summarized.

  12. Europhys. Lett., 52 (4), pp. 386391 (2000) EUROPHYSICS LETTERS 15 November 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldarelli, Guido

    spanning tree. These results have scientific and technological implications that are briefly described. In addition, we propose a model based on a stochastic Cayley tree which accounts for both qualitative that every cell is reached in a reasonably short path with the minimum possible structure. This paper

  13. Proton-proton colliding beam facility ISABELLE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hahn, H

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper attempts to present the status of the ISABELLE construction project, which has the objective of building a 400 + 400 GeV proton colliding beam facility. The major technical features of the superconducting accelerators with their projected performance are described. Progress made so far, difficulties encountered, and the program until completion in 1986 is briefly reviewed.

  14. HOW TO REPAIR A SECOND-ORDER SURFACE FOR COMPUTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 HOW TO REPAIR A SECOND-ORDER SURFACE FOR COMPUTER EXPERIMENTS BY KRIGING Astrid JOURDAN and analysis of computer experiments have been widely investigated in the past decade. Two approaches seem describes and compares them briefly in order to present a methodology for computer experiments based

  15. National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research monthly progress report for December 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Research programs from the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER) are briefly described. Topics include enhanced recovery, studies on reservoir rock, microbial EOR, development of analytical techniques for petroleum analysis, and imaging techniques applied to fluids study in porous media. (CBS)

  16. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Eden Oregon Joan M. Dukes Oregon September 24, 2009 MEMORANDUM TO: Fish and Wildlife Committee FROM: Nancy Leonard, Fish, Wildlife and Ecosystem Monitoring and Evaluation Manager SUBJECT: Discussion on proposed Fish and Wildlife Program Indicators Briefly describe the process used to derive the recommended

  17. Comprehensive Examination Operating Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Deli

    it. 2a. Briefly describe each of the following page replacement algorithms in terms of (1) the page, text editing, web browsing, applications with good locality) b) Web search engine (single application and enter the boarding area. (a) Is this a capabilities based or access control list based access control

  18. Lens chains and the geodesic algorithm for conformal mapping Donald E. Marshall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lens chains and the geodesic algorithm for conformal mapping Donald E. Marshall Abstract. We. This modification while improving the accuracy also allows us to give a simpler proof than in Marshall and Rohde [MR of conformal maps is described in Marshall and Rohde[MR]. Briefly, if z0, . . . , zn are distinct points

  19. High energy astrophysical processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todor Stanev

    2005-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly review the high energy astrophysical processes that are related to the production of high energy $\\gamma$-ray and neutrino signals and are likely to be important for the energy loss of high and ultrahigh energy cosmic rays. We also give examples for neutrino fluxes generated by different astrophysical objects and describe the cosmological link provided by cosmogenic neutrinos.

  20. Suivi distance de classe virtuelle active Viviane GUERAUD & Jean-Michel CAGNAT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    sur l'exploitation d'Objets Pédagogiques Interactifs (OPIs): simulations, micro-mondes,.... Nous décrivons brièvement notre concept de scénario pédagogique, ainsi que les modalités de contrôle d'un OPI par Pedagogical Objects (OPIs): simulations, micro worlds... We describe briefly our concept of pedagogical

  1. High pressure apparatus for transport properties study in high magnetic field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alsmadi, A. M. (Abdel M.); Nakotte, H. (Heinrich); Honda, F.; Sechovsky, V. (Vladimir); Mikulina, O. (Olga); Kamarad, J.; Lacerda, A. H. (Alex H.)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have designed a high pressure apparatus for measuring electrical-transport properties at low temperatures, high magnetic field and hydrostatic pressure up to 10 kbar. Details of the high-pressure cell and an exemplary study on UNiAI are described and discussed briefly.

  2. On learning machines for engine control Gerard Bloch1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    networks and learning machines for en- gine control applications, particularly in modeling for control engine management structure. Then the use of neural networks for engine model- ing, control and diagnosis is briefly described. The need for descriptive models for model-based control and the link between physical

  3. Materials and Chemical Sciences Division annual report 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes research conducted at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratories, programs are discussed in the following topics: materials sciences; chemical sciences; fossil energy; energy storage systems; health and environmental sciences; exploratory research and development funds; and work for others. A total of fifty eight programs are briefly presented. References, figures, and tables are included where appropriate with each program.

  4. Technology spinoffs from the Magnetic Fusion Energy Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document briefly describes eight new spin-offs from the fusion program: (1) cray timesharing system, (2) CRT touch panel, (3) magneform, (4) plasma separation process, (5) homopolar resistance welding, (6) plasma diagnostic development, (7) electrodeless microwave lamp, and (8) superconducting energy storage. (MOW)

  5. Preliminary low-level waste feed definition guidance - LLW pretreatment interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shade, J.W.; Connor, J.M.; Hendrickson, D.W.; Powell, W.J.; Watrous, R.A.

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The document describes limits for key constituents in the LLW feed, and the bases for these limits. The potential variability in the stream is then estimated and compared to the limits. Approaches for accomodating uncertainty in feed inventory, processing strategies, and process design (melter and disposal system) are discussed. Finally, regulatory constraints are briefly addressed.

  6. 851 S.W. Sixth Avenue, Suite 1100 Steve Crow 503-222-5161 Portland, Oregon 97204-1348 Executive Director 800-452-5161

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    producing resources, addition of more renewable resources, carbon sequestration and smart grid technologies resources, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, carbon sequestration and perhaps direct use of natural gas. III. Background: This section briefly describes greenhouse gases, with a focus on carbon dioxide emissions and its

  7. DARS Authorization Form Certificate in Engineering for Energy Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    DARS Authorization Form Certificate in Engineering for Energy Sustainability College of Engineering and capstone projects must address energy sustainability in some manner and will be reviewed by the certificate the capstone requirement: Briefly describe your project and how it relates to energy sustainability (attach any

  8. Applications of a Turbomachinery Design Tool for Compressors and Turbines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cincinnati, University of

    Applications of a Turbomachinery Design Tool for Compressors and Turbines Mark G. Turner University-AXI, is briefly described and demonstrated for applications of a two stage compressor and a three stage turbine web sites. The design system can be used to design multistage compressors and turbines from a small

  9. Physica E 40 (2008) 22172219 Polarized emission lines from single InGaN/GaN quantum dots: Role of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabben, Reinhard

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the valence-band structure of wurtzite Group-III nitrides M. WinkelnkemperÃ,1 , R. Seguin, S. Rodt, A. SchliwaGaN QDs, but should occur in other wurtzite-nitride QDs and in materials with similar valence band been described in-depth elsewhere [3,4]. Briefly, the sample was grown in the wurtzite phase by metal

  10. An alternative calculation of the Casimir energy for kappa-deformed electrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D Pinheiro; F C Santos; A. C. Tort

    2003-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple, but effcient way of calculating regularized Casimir energies suitable for non-trivial frequency spectra is briefly described and applied to the case of a kappa-deformed scalar field theory. The results are consistent with the ones obtained by other means.

  11. Soft materials for linear electromechanical energy conversion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antal Jakli; Nandor Eber

    2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly review the literature of linear electromechanical effects of soft materials, especially in synthetic and biological polymers and liquid crystals (LCs). First we describe results on direct and converse piezoelectricity, and then we discuss a linear coupling between bending and electric polarization, which maybe called bending piezoelectricity, or flexoelectricity.

  12. Energy Management and the Conservation Investment Decision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLozier, T. C.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper will describe briefly the model and method used to determine the value of the differential cash flow from an Energy Conservation Investment (E.C.I.). The key ingredients are the net effect on cash flow over the useful life...

  13. University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Agricultural & Applied Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radeloff, Volker C.

    support for this work was provided by the Center for World Affairs and the Global Economy (WAGE section I very briefly describe the "globalization" of the world economy and what it does and does August 2010 Economic Impact of Foreign Exports on the Wisconsin Economy By Steven Deller

  14. Detecting Exoplanets by Gravitational Microlensing using a Small Telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. W. Christie

    2006-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Gravitational microlensing is a new technique that allows low-mass exoplanets to be detected at large distances of ~7kpc. This paper briefly outlines the principles of the method and describes the observational techniques. It shows that small (e.g. 0.35m) telescopes with a CCD camera can make unexpectedly useful observations of these events.

  15. Tracing luminous and dark matter with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jon Loveday; for the SDSS collaboration

    2001-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    I summarize the scientific goals and current status of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, briefly describe the Early Data Release, and discuss some recent scientific results obtained from commissioning data which are apposite to the distribution of luminous and dark matter in the Universe.

  16. Concept of Gravity Antonio Ckiudio F, Corr&a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firoozabadi, Abbas

    are defined in the nomenclature. Oil relative permeability is described by the power-law model: Eqs. 1 to 4 systems. Numerical examples show that recovery performance of layered systems, unlike homogeneous media in layered media are shown in three numerical examples. Verification by experiments is also briefly

  17. CONMOW: Condition Monitoring for Offshore Wind Farms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 CONMOW: Condition Monitoring for Offshore Wind Farms Edwin Wiggelinkhuizen, Theo Verbruggen, Henk in practice the European project CONMOW (Condition Monitoring for Offshore Wind Farms) was started in November for Offshore Wind Farms) was started in November 2002. This paper briefly describes the CONMOW project approach

  18. Inflationary universe in Kaluza-Klein theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Majumdar

    1999-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe extended inflation and its typical problems. We then briefly review essential features of Kaluza-Klein theory, and show that it leads to a scenario of inflationary cosmology in four dimensions. The problem of stable compactification of extra spatial dimensions is discussed. The requirements for successful extended inflation lead to constraints on the parameters of higher dimensional models.

  19. Environmental Assessment for the Rathbun Lake Watershed: Sampling Design, Methods and Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Opsomer, Jean

    Environmental Assessment for the Rathbun Lake Watershed: Sampling Design, Methods and Results by J Association June 11, 2001 Iowa State University Ames, Iowa #12;2 Environmental Assessment for the Rathbun Lake health assessment, are briefly described in the article. All the selected plots and stream locations were

  20. Alternative technical summary report for direct disposition in deep boreholes: Direct disposal of plutonium metal/plutonium dioxide in compound canisters, Version 4.0. Fissile Materials Disposition Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wijesinghe, A.M.

    1996-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes and compares the Immobilized and Direct Beep Borehole Disposition Alternatives. The important design concepts, facility features and operational procedures are briefly described, and a discussion of the issues that affect the evaluation of each alternative against the programmatic assessment criteria that have been established for selecting the preferred alternatives for plutonium disposition.

  1. Corrosion of Target and Structural Materials in Water Irradiated by an 800 MeV Proton Beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corrosion of Target and Structural Materials in Water Irradiated by an 800 MeV Proton Beam Darryl P National Laboratory Los Alamos, NM 87545 U.S.A. Abstract Radiation enhanced, aqueous corrosion of solid. In this paper we briefly describe our current methods for control and in situ monitoring of corrosion

  2. IDENTIFICATION OF SIMPLE ELEMENTS IN MAX-ALGEBRA: APPLICATION TO SISO DISCRETE EVENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    discrete-event systems (DES) whose behaviours can be described by timed-event graphs (TEG) [1] (a sub-class of Petri nets which can represent synchronisation constraints). It is well known that a TEG can be linearly Some results related to dioids, residuation, TEG and rational series are briefly presented

  3. Neutrino Factory Downstream Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zisman, Michael S.

    2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe the Neutrino Factory accelerator systems downstream from the target and capture area. These include the bunching and phase rotation, cooling, acceleration, and decay ring systems. We also briefly discuss the R&D program under way to develop these systems, and indicate areas where help from CERN would be invaluable.

  4. Quark-gluon plasma in the early Universe and in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greco, V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Catania, Catania, Italy and INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly give an elementary introduction to the expansion of the Early Universe till when the phase transition of the quark-gluon plasma to a hadronic matter takes place. Then we describe some main element of the study of QGP by mean of ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions (uRHIC's)

  5. HUMAN RESOURCES SIMON FRASER UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Position Number: 115669 A. IDENTIFICATION B. POSITION SUMMARY Briefly describe the primary function information, conducting research, profiling best practices, preparing materials and reports and 40% Position and purpose of the position in one or two sentences. As a member of the Applied Sciences Student Affairs Unit

  6. Decentralized energy studies: compendium of international studies and research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wallace, C.

    1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the compendium is to provide information about research activities in decentralized energy systems to researchers, government officials, and interested citizens. The compendium lists and briefly describes a number of studies in other industrialized nations that involve decentralized energy systems. A contact person is given for each of the activities listed so that interested readers can obtain more information.

  7. Materials and Methods Strain construction, materials, and Net1 mutagenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shou, Wenying

    Materials and Methods Strain construction, materials, and Net1 mutagenesis All strains used and destruction boxes (Clb2C2DK100)HA3 was used in over-expression experiments with Clb2 (1). Net1 mutant constructs were created as previously described (2). Briefly, a wild type NET1-myc9 epitope tagged construct

  8. Superdiffusivity for a Brownian polymer in a continuous Gaussian environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tindel, Samy - Institut de Mathématiques �lie Cartan, Université Henri Poincaré

    environment (random medium) which can be briefly described as follows: the polymer itself, in the absenceSuperdiffusivity for a Brownian polymer in a continuous Gaussian environment S´ergio Bezerra Samy the asymptotic behavior of a one-dimen- sional Brownian polymer in random medium represented by a Gaussian field

  9. The uranium industry in the former eastern block countries-present status and new challenges associated with remediation work

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vels, B.Dr.; Ruhrmann, G.Dr. [Uranerzbergbau-GmbH, Wesseling (Germany)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The main uranium producing countries and the individual production centres are briefly described, including their production status. In particular, an analysis of their present situation is given. The challenge of required remediation work lies in the successful handling of the complex transformation from the old to the new socio-economic environment within a tight financial framework.

  10. Plugging Vehicles into Clean Energy October, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Plugging Vehicles into Clean Energy 1 October, 2012 Plugging Vehicles into Clean Energy Max-in electric vehicles and clean energy. Giving consumers options to offset energy and emissions associated briefly summarizes the relationship between clean energy and vehicle electrification and describes five

  11. By-Products Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    PRACTICE By Rudolph N. Kraus, Tarun R. Naik, and Yoon-moon Chun Report No. CBU-2006-12 REP-611 April 2006 to be mined, cement continues to be manufactured or imported, and energy is consumed in the processing briefly describes the uses of coal ash, wood ash, and used foundry sand, in concrete. Typically, one

  12. CRITICAL MINERALS AND EMERGING ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES Statement of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    quantities. The most prominent examples are gallium, indium and tellurium in photovoltaic solar cells in Science and Technology. Finally, I briefly describe the activities of a panel on which I serve now, organized under the auspices of the American Physical Society. This panel's work focuses on critical

  13. DEPLOYMENT OF JAVA-BASED COMPONENTS IN EMBEDDED ENVIRONMENT*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , which have to be adapted, are the deployment process and the runtime environment. The rest different capabilities like different user input and output methods, different provided API, etc of the paper is as follows. The rest of this Section briefly describes the SOFA 2.0 (for short, SOFA in further

  14. The SuperB project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteo Rama

    2009-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    SuperB is a next generation asymmetric e+e- flavor factory with a baseline luminosity of 10^36 cm^-2 s^-1, 50-100 times the peak luminosity of the existing B-factories. The physics motivation is presented and the complementarity with the LHC is discussed. The conceptual design of the detector is also briefly described.

  15. Dual Accretion Disks in Alternate Gravity Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James S. Graber

    1997-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The interior of gravitationally collapsed objects in alternate theories of gravity in which event horizons and singularities do not occur in strong field gravity were generically investigated. These objects, called red holes, were found to contain dynamic configurations of matter, radiation and spacetime similar to inside out accretion disks well inside the photon orbit. Applications to astrophysical phenomena are briefly described.

  16. Bates solar industrial process-steam application: preliminary design review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The design is analyzed for a parabolic trough solar process heat system for a cardboard corrugation fabrication facility in Texas. The program is briefly reviewed, including an analysis of the plant and process. The performance modeling for the system is discussed, and the solar system structural design, collector subsystem, heat transport and distribution subsystem are analyzed. The selection of the heat transfer fluid, and ullage and fluid maintenance are discussed, and the master control system and data acquisition system are described. Testing of environmental degradation of materials is briefly discussed. A brief preliminary cost analysis is included. (LEW)

  17. Charmed baryon spectroscopy with Belle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesiak, Tadeusz [Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Radzikowskiego 152, 31-142 Cracow (Poland)

    2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies concerning charmed baryon spectroscopy, performed by the Belle collaboration, are briefly described. We report the first observation of two new baryons {xi}cx(2980) and {xi}cx(3077), a precise determination of the masses of {xi}c(2645) and {xi}c(2815), observation of the {lambda}c(2940)+ and experimental constraints on the possible spin-parity of the {lambda}c(2880)+. Observations of several exclusive decays of B mesons to the final states containing charmed baryons are also briefly presented.

  18. Greenhouse Gas Initiatives - Analysis of McCain-Lieberman Bill S.280 ‘The ClimateStewardship and Innovation Act of 2007’ Using the National Energy Modeling System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellsworth, C.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and prices, and the technologies and market mechanisms that are likely to be employed to reduce CO2 emissions. The paper also reports on the results of analysis of GHG bills performed by SAIC using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). NEMS...

  19. Environmental Risks to Infrastructure 2014 Environmental Risks to Infrastructure Innovation funding call June 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reece, Sarah

    to Infrastructure 2014 NE/M008401/1 Dr Christian Wagner Towards managing risk from climate change throughRUM - Flood risk: Building Infrastructure Resilience through better Understanding and Management choices 8 2 To Infrastructure (CAVERTI) 7 8 NE/M008169/1 Dr Ana Mijic Improved techno-economic evaluation of Blue Green

  20. Web address: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/05/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    -based integrated circuits are found in many applications, from large data servers to cars to cell phones communities are looking for hybrid or alternative technologies. Nanoelectromechanical (NEM) switch technology be designed to function like a silicon transistor, could be used either in standalone or hybrid NEM