National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for bridge oil usa

  1. IAJB 2005 -The 2005 FHwA Conference on Integral Abutment and Jointless Bridges Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A. 16-18 March 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvath, John S.

    IAJB 2005 - The 2005 FHwA Conference on Integral Abutment and Jointless Bridges Baltimore, MarylandA Conference on Integral Abutment and Jointless Bridges Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A. 16-18 March 2005

  2. Bridging the Gap between Chemical Flooding and Independent Oil Producers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stan McCool; Tony Walton; Paul Willhite; Mark Ballard; Miguel Rondon; Kaixu Song; Zhijun Liu; Shahab Ahmend; Peter Senior

    2012-03-31

    Ten Kanas oil reservoirs/leases were studied through geological and engineering analysis to assess the potential performance of chemical flooding to recover oil. Reservoirs/leases that have been efficiently waterflooded have the highest performance potential for chemical flooding. Laboratory work to identify efficient chemical systems and to test the oil recovery performance of the systems was the major effort of the project. Efficient chemical systems were identified for crude oils from nine of the reservoirs/leases. Oil recovery performance of the identified chemical systems in Berea sandstone rocks showed 90+ % recoveries of waterflood residual oil for seven crude oils. Oil recoveries increased with the amount of chemical injected. Recoveries were less in Indiana limestone cores. One formulation recovered 80% of the tertiary oil in the limestone rock. Geological studies for nine of the oil reservoirs are presented. Pleasant Prairie, Trembley, Vinland and Stewart Oilfields in Kansas were the most favorable of the studied reservoirs for a pilot chemical flood from geological considerations. Computer simulations of the performance of a laboratory coreflood were used to predict a field application of chemical flooding for the Trembley Oilfield. Estimates of field applications indicated chemical flooding is an economically viable technology for oil recovery.

  3. Canadian incentives for oil and gas exploration. [Applicability to USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-04-01

    During the 1970s a number of different exploration and production incentive programs were put in place in Canada, in particular in the Province of Alberta, Canada's principal oil- and gas-producing province. The DOE/RA is evaluating Canadian incentives for oil and gas exploration, and this study is intended to provide information that will help guide DOE/RA in determining the applicability of Canadian incentive programs in US energy policy. The study describes and documents the fiscal structure in which the Canadian oil industry operates. The incentive features of pricing policy, taxation policy, and provincial royalty systems are discussed. A principal focus of the study is on one of the most important of Canada's specific incentive programs, the Alberta Exploratory Drilling Incentive Credit Program (EDICP). The study describes and evaluates the effect of the EDICP on increased oil and gas exploration activity. Similarly, the study also reviews and evaluates other specific incentive programs such as the Alberta Geophysical Incentive Program, Frontier Exploration Allowances, and various tar sand and heavy oil development incentives. Finally the study evaluates the applicability of Canadian incentives to US energy policy.

  4. Behavior of Concrete Bridge Decks Reinforced with MMFX Steel Hatem Seliem, Doctoral Student, Civil Engineering Dept., NCSU, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behavior of Concrete Bridge Decks Reinforced with MMFX Steel Hatem Seliem, Doctoral Student, Civil is considered to be one of the leading causes of deterioration of concrete bridges. This fact has led 60 steel in concrete bridge decks. However, despite these field applications, there is insufficient

  5. Geochemical character and origin of oils in Ordovician reservoir rock, Illinois and Indiana, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guthrie, J.M.; Pratt, L.M.

    1995-11-01

    Twenty-three oils produced from reservoirs within the Ordovician Galena Group (Trenton equivalent) and one oil from the Mississippian Ste. Genevieve Limestone in the Illinois and Indiana portions of the Illinois basin are characterized. Two end-member oil groups (1) and (2) and one intermediate group (1A) are identified using conventional carbon isotopic analysis of whole and fractionated oils, gas chromatography (GC) of saturated hydrocarbon fractions, isotope-ratio-monitoring gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (irm-GC/MS) of n-alkanes ranging from C{sub 15} to C{sub 25}, and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) of the aromatic hydrocarbon fractions. Group 1 is characterized by high odd-carbon predominance in mid-chain n-alkanes (C{sub 15}-C{sub 19}), low abundance Of C{sub 20+}, n-alkanes, and an absence of pristane and phytane. Group IA is characterized by slightly lower odd-carbon predominance of mid-chain n-alkanes, greater abundance of C{sub 20+} n-alkanes compared to group 1, and no pristane and phytane. Conventional correlations of oil to source rock based on carbon isotopic-type curves and hopane (m/z 191) and sterane (m/z 217) distributions are of limited use in distinguishing Ordovician-reservoired oil groups and determining their origin. Oil to source rock correlations using the distribution and carbon isotopic composition of n-alkanes and the m/z 133 chromatograms of n-alkylarenes show that groups 1 and 1A originated from strata of the Upper Ordovician Galena Group. Group 2 either originated solely from the Upper Ordovician Maquoketa Group or from a mixture of oils generated from the Maquoketa Group and the Galena Group. The Mississippian-reservoired oil most likely originated from the Devonian New Albany Group. The use of GC, irm-GC/MS, and GC/MS illustrates the value of integrated molecular and isotopic approaches for correlating oil groups with source rocks.

  6. Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-11: Supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery - EOR thermal processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Venezuela

    2000-04-06

    This report contains the results of efforts under the six tasks of the Tenth Amendment anti Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Energy Agreement. This report is presented in sections (for each of the six Tasks) and each section contains one or more reports that were prepared to describe the results of the effort under each of the Tasks. A statement of each Task, taken from the Agreement Between Project Managers, is presented on the first page of each section. The Tasks are numbered 68 through 73. The first through tenth report on research performed under Annex IV Venezuela MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report Number IV-1, IV-2, IV-3, IV-4, IV-5, IV-6, IV-7, IV-8, IV-9, IV-10 contain the results of the first 67 Tasks. These reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, March 1986, July 1987, November 1988, December 1989, October 1991, February 1993, March 1995, and December 1997, respectively.

  7. Bridge permeameter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Graf, Darin C. (Edgewood, NM); Warpinski, Norman R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1996-01-01

    A system for single-phase, steady-state permeability measurements of porous rock utilizes a fluid bridge arrangement analogous to a Wheatstone bridge. The arms of the bridge contain the sample and calibrated flow resistors.

  8. The role of active and ancient geothermal processes in the generation, migration, and entrapment of oil in the basin and Range Province, western USA. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hulen, J.B.; Collister, J.W.; Curtiss, D.K. [and others

    1997-06-01

    The Basin and Range (B&R) physiographic province of the western USA is famous not only for its geothermal and precious-metal wealth, but also for its thirteen oil fields, small but in some cases highly productive. The Grant Canyon field in Railroad Valley, for example, for years boasted production of more than 6000 barrels of oil (BO) per day from just two wells; aggregate current production from the Blackburn field in Pine Valley commonly exceeds 1000 BO per day. These two and several other Nevada oil fields are unusually hot at reservoir depth--up to 130{degrees}C at depths as shallow as 1.1 km, up to three times the value expected from the prevailing regional geothermal gradient.

  9. Bridge permeameter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Graf, D.C.; Warpinski, N.R.

    1996-08-13

    A system is described for single-phase, steady-state permeability measurements of porous rock which utilizes a fluid bridge arrangement analogous to a Wheatstone bridge. The arms of the bridge contain the sample and calibrated flow resistors. 8 figs.

  10. Foot Bridge 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    The objective of this thesis is to determine fatigue stresses in the stringer to floor beam connections of through plate girder (TPG) and through truss (TT) bridges in order to predict failure. Field observations by the Association of American...

  11. Bridges and Bridging: Infrastructure and the Arts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiter, Wellington

    1994-01-01

    o © Paolo Rosselli. The Brooklyn Bridge is not art. I t is athe passage of the Brooklyn Bridge from fact to symbol. Suchin their interpretations of the Brooklyn Bridge. To observe

  12. SAMP Bridge Mark Taylor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Mark

    SAMP Bridge Mark Taylor (AstroGrid, Bristol) IVOA Interop Meeting, ESO 9 November 2009 $Id: bridge/9 #12;Operation 1. Two independent hubs are running 2. Bridge starts up, connects to both hubs Mark are running 2. Bridge starts up, connects to both hubs 3. Proxies for Hub 2 clients, controlled by Bridge

  13. Building a Communication Bridge with Mobile Onur Tekdas, Yokesh Kumar, Volkan Isler, and Ravi Janardan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isler, Ibrahim Volkan

    Building a Communication Bridge with Mobile Hubs Onur Tekdas, Yokesh Kumar, Volkan Isler, and Ravi, USA Abstract. We study scenarios where mobile hubs are charged with building a communication bridge are minimizing the number of hubs on the bridge and either the maxi- mum or the total distance traveled

  14. Low-rank coal oil agglomeration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Knudson, Curtis L. (Grand Forks, ND); Timpe, Ronald C. (Grand Forks, ND)

    1991-01-01

    A low-rank coal oil agglomeration process. High mineral content, a high ash content subbituminous coals are effectively agglomerated with a bridging oil which is partially water soluble and capable of entering the pore structure, and usually coal derived.

  15. Sagamore Bridge Richard Mitchell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Sagamore Bridge Richard Mitchell Justin Murphy (DJ) Dennis Morin Jr. #12;Critical Link in a Fragile for Infrastructure Two cantilever bridges and a railroad bridge were constructed Drawbacks: Provided narrow passageways for ships Traffic delays when the bridge was raised #12;Canal Transfer of Ownership Belmont

  16. USA oilgas production cost : recent changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    1991-01-01

    During 1984-1989, oil development investment cost in the USA fell, but only because of lower activity. The whole cost curve shifted unfavorably (leftward). In contrast, natural gas cost substantially decreased, the curve ...

  17. STEM Bridge Scholarship Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    2015-2016 STEM Bridge Scholarship Program Virginia Space Grant Consortium (VSGC) provides renewable STEM Bridge Scholarships of $1,000 to sophomore students from any federally recognized minority group of the five Virginia Space Grant member universities. As a STEM Bridge Scholar, students are welcomed

  18. Dynamic Testing of Alfred Zampa Memorial Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    twin curved cable-stayed bridges. ” Earthquake Engineeringfor condition assessment of bridge bents. ” Journal ofprestressed concrete bridges and numerical verification. ”

  19. Building bridges for fish

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Building-bridges-for-fish Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives...

  20. Semiconductor bridge (SCB) detonator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bickes, Jr., Robert W. (Albuquerque, NM); Grubelich, Mark C. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1999-01-01

    The present invention is a low-energy detonator for high-density secondary-explosive materials initiated by a semiconductor bridge igniter that comprises a pair of electrically conductive lands connected by a semiconductor bridge. The semiconductor bridge is in operational or direct contact with the explosive material, whereby current flowing through the semiconductor bridge causes initiation of the explosive material. Header wires connected to the electrically-conductive lands and electrical feed-throughs of the header posts of explosive devices, are substantially coaxial to the direction of current flow through the SCB, i.e., substantially coaxial to the SCB length.

  1. Semiconductor bridge (SCB) detonator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bickes, R.W. Jr.; Grubelich, M.C.

    1999-01-19

    The present invention is a low-energy detonator for high-density secondary-explosive materials initiated by a semiconductor bridge (SCB) igniter that comprises a pair of electrically conductive lands connected by a semiconductor bridge. The semiconductor bridge is in operational or direct contact with the explosive material, whereby current flowing through the semiconductor bridge causes initiation of the explosive material. Header wires connected to the electrically-conductive lands and electrical feed-throughs of the header posts of explosive devices, are substantially coaxial to the direction of current flow through the SCB, i.e., substantially coaxial to the SCB length. 3 figs.

  2. Bridge Funding Program 2014 Recipients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    Bridge Funding Program 2014 Recipients MARCH Patrick Mueller, Physiology Inactivity and Enhanced time Xiaoyan Han, Electrical and Computer Engineering Bridge Funding on Sonic Infrared Imaging Non War Illness #12;Bridge Funding Program 2013 Recipients MARCH Robert Akins, Biochemistry and Molecular

  3. Active-bridge oscillator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wessendorf, Kurt O. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2001-01-01

    An active bridge oscillator is formed from a differential amplifier where positive feedback is a function of the impedance of one of the gain elements and a relatively low value common emitter resistance. This use of the nonlinear transistor parameter h stabilizes the output and eliminates the need for ALC circuits common to other bridge oscillators.

  4. The floating water bridge The floating water bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podgornik, Rudolf

    The floating water bridge The floating water bridge Elmar C. Fuchs1 , Jakob Woisetschläger2 , Karl, a stable water connection forms spontaneously, giving the impression of a floating water bridge. A detailed this bridge. 1. Introduction Water undoubtedly is the most important chemical substance in the world. Many

  5. SunShot BRIDGE Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation summarizes the webinar, held in April of 2012, for the BRIDGE funding opportunity.

  6. Bridging Research Interactions Through Collaborative Development...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bridging Research Interactions Through Collaborative Development Grants in Energy Bridging Research Interactions Through Collaborative Development Grants in Energy The DOE Bridging...

  7. Low-rank coal oil agglomeration

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Knudson, C.L.; Timpe, R.C.

    1991-07-16

    A low-rank coal oil agglomeration process is described. High mineral content, a high ash content subbituminous coals are effectively agglomerated with a bridging oil which is partially water soluble and capable of entering the pore structure, and is usually coal-derived.

  8. Journal of Bridge Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, G. T.; Vardanega, P. J.; Middleton, C. R.

    2014-12-17

    was submitted on May 31, 2014; approved on October 21, 2014; published online on December 17, 2014. Discussion period open until May 17, 2015; separate discussions must be submitted for individual papers. This paper is part of the Journal of Bridge Engineering...

  9. SURROGATE BRIDGE FREEZING SRDJAN JANKOVIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for advanced bridge deck heating control strategies. In order to develop the "smart" control system, some dataSURROGATE BRIDGE FREEZING SENSORS by SRDJAN JANKOVIC Bachelor of Science University of Belgrade: Stillwater, Oklahoma Title of Study: SURROGATE BRIDGE FREEZING SENSORS Pages in Study: 121 Candidate

  10. Offshore Wind Power USA

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Offshore Wind Power USA conference provides the latest offshore wind market updates and forecasts.

  11. Molecular engineering with bridged polysilsesquioxanes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LOY,DOUGLAS A.; SHEA,KENNETH J.

    2000-05-09

    Bridged polysilsesquioxanes are a class of hybrid organic-inorganic materials that permit molecular engineering of bulk properties including porosity. Prepared by sol-gel polymerization of monomers with two or more trialkoxysilyl groups, the materials are highly cross-linked amorphous polymers that are readily obtained as gels. The bridging configuration of the hydrocarbon group insures that network polymers are readily formed and that the organic functionality is homogeneously distributed throughout the polymeric scaffolding at the molecular level. This permits the bulk properties, including surface area, pore size, and dielectric constant to be engineered through the selection of the bridging organic group. Numerous bridging groups have been incorporated. This presentation will focus on the effects that the length, flexibility, and substitution geometry of the hydrocarbon bridging groups have on the properties of the resulting bridged polysilsesquioxanes. Details of the preparation, characterization, and some structure property relationships of these bridged polysilsesquioxanes will be given.

  12. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 457463, 2005 Printed in the USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the USA 0730-7268/05 $12.00 .00 IMPACT OF OIL-SANDS BASED WETLANDS ON THE GROWTH OF MALLARD (ANAS INTRODUCTION Oil-sands mining and extraction is the primary economy in the Fort McMurray area of northeastern- ered bitumen and other by-products of the oil-sands mining processes (e.g., high sulfates, naphthenic

  13. Sector Course Name Duration 2014-2015 HST Total Marine Basic Oil Spill Response (Responder) 5 days $ 1,435.00 -$ 1,435.00$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oyet, Alwell

    Sector Course Name Duration 2014-2015 HST Total Marine Basic Oil Spill Response (Responder) 5 days Aid Emergency Medical Responder Bridging 4 days $ 775.00 100.

  14. Oil production models with normal rate curves Dudley Stark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stark, Dudley

    Oil production models with normal rate curves Dudley Stark School of Mathematical Sciences Queen;Abstract The normal curve has been used to fit the rate of both world and U.S.A. oil production. In this paper we give the first theoretical basis for these curve fittings. It is well known that oil field

  15. Wind-induced dynamic response of bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rousseau, Guillaume, 1982-

    2004-01-01

    Wind loading has long played a significant role in bridge design. Some spectacular failures, such as the Tay Bridge (Scotland, 1879), or the Tacoma Narrows Bridge (Washington State, 1940) acted as a painful reminder to ...

  16. Must a Bridge Be Beautiful Too?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dresden, Matthew

    2006-01-01

    Sloane, “The First Covered Bridge in America,” Geographical1959). D. B. Steinman, “How Bridges Have Increased Man’sMust a Bridge Be Beautiful Too? B Y M AT T H E W D R E S D E

  17. Low-rank coal oil agglomeration product and process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Knudson, C.L.; Timpe, R.C.; Potas, T.A.; DeWall, R.A.; Musich, M.A.

    1992-11-10

    A selectively-sized, raw, low-rank coal is processed to produce a low ash and relative water-free agglomerate with an enhanced heating value and a hardness sufficient to produce a non-degradable, shippable fuel. The low-rank coal is treated, under high shear conditions, in the first stage to cause ash reduction and subsequent surface modification which is necessary to facilitate agglomerate formation. In the second stage the treated low-rank coal is contacted with bridging and binding oils under low shear conditions to produce agglomerates of selected size. The bridging and binding oils may be coal or petroleum derived. The process incorporates a thermal deoiling step whereby the bridging oil may be completely or partially recovered from the agglomerate; whereas, partial recovery of the bridging oil functions to leave as an agglomerate binder, the heavy constituents of the bridging oil. The recovered oil is suitable for recycling to the agglomeration step or can serve as a value-added product.

  18. Low-rank coal oil agglomeration product and process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Knudson, Curtis L. (Grand Forks, ND); Timpe, Ronald C. (Grand Forks, ND); Potas, Todd A. (Plymouth, MN); DeWall, Raymond A. (Grand Forks, ND); Musich, Mark A. (Grand Forks, ND)

    1992-01-01

    A selectively-sized, raw, low-rank coal is processed to produce a low ash and relative water-free agglomerate with an enhanced heating value and a hardness sufficient to produce a non-decrepitating, shippable fuel. The low-rank coal is treated, under high shear conditions, in the first stage to cause ash reduction and subsequent surface modification which is necessary to facilitate agglomerate formation. In the second stage the treated low-rank coal is contacted with bridging and binding oils under low shear conditions to produce agglomerates of selected size. The bridging and binding oils may be coal or petroleum derived. The process incorporates a thermal deoiling step whereby the bridging oil may be completely or partially recovered from the agglomerate; whereas, partial recovery of the bridging oil functions to leave as an agglomerate binder, the heavy constituents of the bridging oil. The recovered oil is suitable for recycling to the agglomeration step or can serve as a value-added product.

  19. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    growth. For data on world oil consumption and long- term oilOil Production Domestic Oil Consumption a variety of

  20. Fuel Oil",,,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,"Fuel Oil Expenditures"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1. Total Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditures, 1999" ,"All Buildings Using Fuel Oil",,,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,"Fuel Oil Expenditures" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)","Floorspac...

  1. TAYLOR BRIDGE -FIELD ASSESSMENT Doug STEWARTi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Taylor "smart" Bridge utilizing fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) reinforcing materials as the primaryTAYLOR BRIDGE - FIELD ASSESSMENT Doug STEWARTi , Emile SHEHATAi , Gamil TADROS2 and Sami RIZKALLA2 reinforcement for precast concrete bridge girders, concrete bridge deck, and traffic barrier. To provide

  2. Mineral bridges in nacre revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antonio G. Checa; Julyan H. E. Cartwright; Marc-Georg Willinger

    2012-07-20

    We confirm with high-resolution techniques the existence of mineral bridges between superposed nacre tablets. In the towered nacre of both gastropods and the cephalopod Nautilus there are large bridges aligned along the tower axes, corresponding to gaps (150-200 nm) in the interlamellar membranes. Gaps are produced by the interaction of the nascent tablets with a surface membrane that covers the nacre compartment. In the terraced nacre of bivalves bridges associated with elongated gaps in the interlamellar membrane (> 100 nm) have mainly been found at or close to the edges of superposed parental tablets. To explain this placement, we hypothesize that the interlamellar membrane breaks due to differences in osmotic pressure across it when the interlamellar space below becomes reduced at an advanced stage of calcification. In no cases are the minor connections between superimposed tablets (mineral bridges, found to be such.

  3. WORLD WISE'99-Winnipeg, Manitoba Taylor Bridge -A Bridge For the 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and build the Taylor "smart" Bridge utilizing fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) reinforcing materialsWORLD WISE'99- Winnipeg, Manitoba Taylor Bridge - A Bridge For the 21st Century Taylor Bridge - A Bridge For the 21st Century Emile ShehataI, Rick Haldane-Wilsone1 , Doug Stewart!, Gamil Tadros2 and Sami

  4. GAUVREAU, The Three Myths of Bridge Aesthetics, 1/8 THE THREE MYTHS OF BRIDGE AESTHETICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gauvreau, Paul

    GAUVREAU, The Three Myths of Bridge Aesthetics, 1/8 THE THREE MYTHS OF BRIDGE AESTHETICS Paul wisdom on bridge aesthetics. If bridge design is to be recognized as a valid and distinct means of artistic expression, then bridges must reflect the truths that define the fundamental essence shared by all

  5. Bridge Funding Bridge funding is designed to stabilize meritorious research programs that have lost extramural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    Bridge Funding Overview: Bridge funding is designed to stabilize meritorious research programs that have lost extramural funding. Bridge funds are for one year and are intended to enhance the likelihood by the applicant's Department/Division. Applicants may only request bridge funding once per calendar year. Bridge

  6. The Higgs Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roland E. Allen

    2013-12-01

    The particle recently discovered at the Large Hadron Collider near Geneva is almost certainly a Higgs boson, the long-sought completion of the Standard Model of particle physics. But this discovery, an achievement by more than six thousand scientists (including students), is actually much more than a mere capstone of the Standard Model. It instead represents a bridge from the Standard Model to exciting discoveries of the future, at higher energies or in other experiments, and to the properties of matter at very low temperatures. The mere existence of a particle with zero spin implies a need for new physics, with the most likely candidate being supersymmetry, which requires that every known particle has a superpartner yet to be discovered. And phenomena similar to the Higgs are seen in superconducting metals and superfluid gases at low temperatures, which extend down to a millionth or even a billionth of a degree Kelvin. So the discovery of a Higgs boson has a central place in our attempts both to achieve a true understanding of Nature and to harness Nature in practical applications.

  7. The bridge permeameter; An alternative method for single-phase, steady-state permeability measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graf, D.C.; Warpinski, N.R.

    1994-03-01

    Laboratory measurements of single-phase, steady-state permeability of porous rock are important for a number of different applications. The oil and gas industry uses permeability data as a key indicator of the producability of a hydrocarbon reservoir; effective containment of large volumes of oil in underground salt caverns is directly dependent upon the permeability of the adjacent cavern walls; and safe, long term underground isolation of radioactive and hazardous waste is contingent upon the flow and transport characteristics of the surrounding geologic formations. An alternative method for measuring single-phase, steady-state permeability of porous rock is presented. The use of troublesome and expensive mass flow meters is eliminated and replaced with a bridge configuration of flow resistors. Permeability values can be determined directly from differential pressures across the bridge network, resulting in potentially significant cost savings and simplification for conducting these types of measurements. Results from the bridge permeameter are compared with results obtained using conventional methods.

  8. HRM in the USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strauss, George

    1991-01-01

    Tower 8-2-91 page 1 HRM in the USA George Strauss* This is aHuman Resources Management (HRM) in the United States duringhuman resources management (HRM) during the late 1970s and

  9. Bridge Decomposition of Restriction Measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Alberts; Hugo Duminil-Copin

    2010-07-03

    Motivated by Kesten's bridge decomposition for two-dimensional self-avoiding walks in the upper half plane, we show that the conjectured scaling limit of the half-plane SAW, the SLE(8/3) process, also has an appropriately defined bridge decomposition. This continuum decomposition turns out to entirely be a consequence of the restriction property of SLE(8/3), and as a result can be generalized to the wider class of restriction measures. Specifically we show that the restriction hulls with index less than one can be decomposed into a Poisson Point Process of irreducible bridges in a way that is similar to Ito's excursion decomposition of a Brownian motion according to its zeros.

  10. The Fracture Toughness of Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) Including the Effects of Fiber Bridging and Crack-Plane Interference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nairn, John A.

    1 The Fracture Toughness of Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) Including the Effects of Fiber Bridging University, Corvallis, OR, USA Abstract The fracture toughness of medium density fiberboard (MDF) as a function of crack length (R curve) was measured. Fracture toughness was determined from force

  11. Excitation Methods for Bridge Structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrar, C.R.; Duffy, T.A.; Cornwell, P.J.; Doebling, S.W.

    1999-02-08

    This paper summarizes the various methods that have been used to excited bridge structures during dynamic testing. The excitation methods fall into the general categories of ambient excitation methods and measured-input excitation methods. During ambient excitation the input to the bridge is not directly measured. In contrast, as the category label implies, measured-input excitations are usually applied at a single location where the force input to the structure can be monitored. Issues associated with using these various types of measurements are discussed along with a general description of the various excitation methods.

  12. Field tests of timber railroad bridge piles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donovan, Kendra Ann

    2005-02-17

    generated model and previous test data. Field testing involved consent from a railroad company to install load cells and string potentiometers on an in-situ timber bridge. While simultaneously taking load and deflection measurements for bridges under...

  13. View from the Bridge | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    View from the Bridge View from the Bridge This presentation gives an overview of Caterpillar's R&D focus on advanced diesel engines and exhaust aftertreatment. deer08utley.pdf...

  14. Wind effect on long span bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xi, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    This thesis has studied different types of reactions of long span bridge under wind load, such as vortex shedding, flutter and buffeting. Since all of these conditions have the chance to damage bridge structure, we calculate ...

  15. Simplified Method for Estimating Future Scour Depth at Existing Bridges 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V Govindasamy, Anand

    2010-07-14

    Bridge scour is the term which describes the erosion of soil surrounding a bridge foundation due to water. Bridge scour can cause the reduction of the load carrying capacity of bridge foundations, excessive foundation ...

  16. Empirical Study of Life-Cycle Cost Analysis for Bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    framework and methodology for the study · Step two: Obtain data from old urban bridges, such as the Brooklyn Bridge and the Golden Gate Bridge · Step three: Obtain data from highway bridges of different structural

  17. STUDENT STEEL BRIDGE COMPETITION The mission of the Student Steel Bridge Competition (SSBC) is to supplement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    1 STUDENT STEEL BRIDGE COMPETITION 2012 RULES #12;2 MISSION The mission of the Student Steel Bridge individuals in the Student Steel Bridge Competition without regard to race, ethnicity, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, nationality, or physical challenges. Bridge teams should be inclusive and open

  18. River Lagan Lagan Bridge (M3)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gribakin, Gleb

    River Lagan Stew art Street Pakenham St. Ormeau Road PSNI Odyssey/W5 Lagan Bridge (M3) Royal Avenue Church Lane BridgeSt. HillStreet Skipper Street Ann Street Gordon Street Talbot Street DunbarStreet Gt. Glengall Street Divis Street Castle Street Durham Street BoyneBridge BarrackStreet BedfordStreet Linenhall

  19. How Many Bridge Auctions? Erich Friedman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Erich

    How Many Bridge Auctions? Erich Friedman student, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology Doug Jungreis student, Harvard University In normal games of bridge, only a small fraction of the possible auctions at the actual number of distinct auctions. The game of bridge is played with four players comprising two teams

  20. Bridge Detection By Road Detection Jeff Kaufman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danner, Andrew

    Bridge Detection By Road Detection Jeff Kaufman cbr@sccs.swarthmore.edu 1 Introduction It is useful, with local min- ima: cells from which there is no direction of descent. A common cause of this is bridges. The area over which a bridge passes shows up in the digital elevation as being of a height greater than

  1. Bridging the Gap Between Commissioning Measures and Large Scale Retrofits in Existing Buildings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bynum, J.; Jones, A.; Claridge, D. E.

    2011-01-01

    The 11th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations (ICEBO 2011) October 18-20, 2011, New York, NY, USA Bridging the Gap Between Commissioning Measures and Large Scale Retrofits in Existing Buildings John Bynum Alaina Jones... space temperature, cold duct supply air temperature, hot duct supply air ESL-IC-11-10-20 Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference Enhanced Building Operations, New York City, October 18-20, 2011 The 11th International Conference...

  2. Theory of water and charged liquid bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klaus Morawetz

    2012-05-29

    The phenomena of liquid bridge formation due to an applied electric field is investigated. A new solution for the charged catenary is presented which allows to determine the static and dynamical stability conditions where charged liquid bridges are possible. The creeping height, the bridge radius and length as well as the shape of the bridge is calculated showing an asymmetric profile in agreement with observations. The flow profile is calculated from the Navier Stokes equation leading to a mean velocity which combines charge transport with neutral mass flow and which describes recent experiments on water bridges.

  3. Peak production in an oil depletion model with triangular field profiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stark, Dudley

    Peak production in an oil depletion model with triangular field profiles Dudley Stark School.S.A. would occur between 1965 and 1970. Oil production in the U.S.A. actually peaked in 1970 and has been declining since then. Hubbert used a logistic curve to approximate the rate of oil production. Deffeyes [2

  4. Prudhoe Bay Oil Production Optimization: Using Virtual intelligence Techniques, Stage One: Neural Model Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    SPE 77659 Prudhoe Bay Oil Production Optimization: Using Virtual intelligence Techniques, Stage One, TX 75083-3836, U.S.A., fax 01-972-952-9435. Abstract Field data from the Prudhoe Bay oil field.998 respectively. This is the first phase in the development of a tool to maximize total field oil production

  5. WATER USE IN LCA Life cycle consumptive water use for oil shale development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaramillo, Paulina

    WATER USE IN LCA Life cycle consumptive water use for oil shale development and implications Heidelberg 2013 Abstract Purpose Oil shale is an unconventional petroleum source that can be produced domestically in the USA. Oil shale resources are primarily located in Utah, Wyoming, and Colorado, within

  6. ,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4. Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures" ,"per Building (gallons)","per Square Foot...

  7. ,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2. Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditure Intensities, 1999" ,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures" ,"per Building (gallons)","per Square Foot (gallons)","per Worker...

  8. Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAKIR, NIDA

    2013-01-01

    Oil Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Oil Production in Venezuela and Mexico . . . . . . . . . .Oil Production and Productivity in Venezuela and

  9. Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAKIR, NIDA

    2013-01-01

    the Oil Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .in the Venezuelan Oil Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . .and Productivity: Evidence from the Oil Industry . .

  10. Appendix A-1 A Gallery of Truss Bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    River Bridge, County Rd. 269, Sheridan County, WY #12;APPENDIX A Appendix A-9 25. Roaring Run Bridge over the Kickapoo River, Vernon County, WI 2. Rock Island Bridge, Rock Island Arsenal, IL 3. Albion Bridge over Blackstone River, Cumberland, RI 4. Railroad Bridge over Lin Branch Creek, Clinton County, MO

  11. Bridging Research to Implementation, from Fields to Wheels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    IOENERG Bridging Research to Implementation, from Fields to Wheels BioEnergy Bridge BioEnergy BridgeTM The Penn State BioEnergy BridgeTM is a university/private/public consortium assembled to address development and engine testing· The BioEnergy Bridge will combine Penn State's long-standing tradition

  12. SoftBridge: An Architecture for Building IP-based Bridges over the Digital Divide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    SoftBridge: An Architecture for Building IP-based Bridges over the Digital Divide John Lewis, Bill outline the architecture and the requirements that the SoftBridge has to fulfill. An ap- proach and some), about 4 million land lines exist in South Africa and only 20% of South Africans have cellphones. Even

  13. Bridge-Mediated Two-Electron Transfer via Delocalized Bridge Orbitals E. G. Petrov, Ya. R. Zelinskyy, and V. May*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Röder, Beate

    Bridge-Mediated Two-Electron Transfer via Delocalized Bridge Orbitals E. G. Petrov, Ya. R, 2004 Bridge mediated two-electron transfer (TET) in a donor-acceptor (D-A) complex is studied theoretically. A type of bridge is considered where the intersite coupling in the bridge becomes so large

  14. Horizontal oil well applications and oil recovery assessment. Volume 2: Applications overview, Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deskins, W.G.; McDonald, W.J.; Knoll, R.G.; Springer, S.J.

    1995-03-01

    Horizontal technology has been applied in over 110 formations in the USA. Volume 1 of this study addresses the overall success of horizontal technology, especially in less-publicized formations, i.e., other than the Austin Chalk, Bakken, and Niobrara. Operators in the USA and Canada were surveyed on a formation-by-formation basis by means of a questionnaire. Response data were received describing horizontal well projects in 58 formations in the USA and 88 in Canada. Operators` responses were analyzed for trends in technical and economic success based on lithology (clastics and carbonates) and resource type (light oil, heavy oil, and gas). The potential impact of horizontal technology on reserves was also estimated. A forecast of horizontal drilling activity over the next decade was developed.

  15. Structural Reliability of Bridges Elevated with Steel Pedestals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bisadi, Vahid 1980-

    2012-09-19

    Overheight vehicle impact to bridge decks is a major problem in the transportation networks in the United States. An important factor that causes this problem is inadequate vertical clearance of bridges. Using steel pedestals to elevate bridge decks...

  16. Accurate resistive bridge fault modeling, simulation, and test generation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sar-Dessai, Vijay Ramesh

    1999-01-01

    Resistive bridging faults in CMOS combinational circuits are studied in this work. Bridging faults are modeled using HSPICE circuit simulation of the various types of bridging faults that can occur in CMOS combinational ...

  17. On rescaled Poisson processes and the Brownian bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rick Schoenberg

    2011-01-01

    relation to the Brownian Bridge. The structure of this paperMotion and the Brownian Bridge. For instance, the followingconditional the Brownian Bridge process B°(s) LEMMA Suppose

  18. ADDITIVITY PROPERTIES OF GENERALIZED BRIDGE NUMBERS OF KNOTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Later, Helmut Doll generalized the the notion of bridge number of a knot. Schubert's notion of bridge splitting of S 3 , whereas Doll's more general notion of bridge number can be formulated in terms of a nice

  19. Passing the Einstein-Rosen bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. O. Katanaev

    2013-10-28

    We relax the requirement of geodesic completeness of a space-time. Instead, we require test particles trajectories to be smooth only in the physical sector. Test particles trajectories for Einstein--Rosen bridge are proved to be smooth in the physical sector, and particles can freely penetrate the bridge in both directions.

  20. ROSS ISLAND BRIDGE SW GIBBS ST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    ROSS ISLAND BRIDGE SW GIBBS ST SW PORTER ST SW HOOKER ST SW PORTER ST SW MEADE ST SW ARTHUR STSW ARTHUR ST SW WOODS ST SW WOODS ST GIBBS ST PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE SW LANE ST SW PENNOYER ST SW ABERNETHY ST SW BANCROFT ST SW BANCROFT ST SW THOMAS ST SW ABERNETHY ST SW LOWELL ST SW THOMAS ST SW KELLY AVE SWMOODYAVE

  1. ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per...

  2. ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0. Fuel Oil Consumption (gallons) and Energy Intensities by End Use for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons)",,,,,"Fuel Oil Energy Intensity...

  3. ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4. Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region, 1999" ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per Gallon",,,,"per Square Foot"...

  4. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    From EIA, “World Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, and Otherfrom EIA, “World Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, and Otherfrom EIA, “World Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, and Other

  5. ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per Gallon",,,,"per...

  6. ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Fuel Oil Consumption (gallons) and Energy Intensities by End Use for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons)",,,,,"Fuel Oil Energy Intensity...

  7. Bridging Research Interactions Through Collaborative Development Grants in Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The DOE Bridging Research Interactions through collaborative Development Grants in Energy (BRIDGE) program funds collaborative research teams to significantly lower the cost of solar energy systems...

  8. Building Bridges: Federal Agencies Join Forces to Promote Sustainable...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Building Bridges: Federal Agencies Join Forces to Promote Sustainable, Resilient Tribal Communities Building Bridges: Federal Agencies Join Forces to Promote Sustainable, Resilient...

  9. Dumping Dirty Diesels: The View From the Bridge | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Dumping Dirty Diesels: The View From the Bridge Dumping Dirty Diesels: The View From the Bridge 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters...

  10. New Energy Department Partnership Creates Solar Bridges to Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    New Energy Department Partnership Creates Solar Bridges to Energy Security New Energy Department Partnership Creates Solar Bridges to Energy Security July 7, 2015 - 3:21pm Addthis...

  11. Bridging the Gap between Fundamental Physics and Chemistry and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bridging the Gap between Fundamental Physics and Chemistry and Applied Models for HCCI Engines Bridging the Gap between Fundamental Physics and Chemistry and Applied Models for...

  12. Ecosystem-scale volatile organic compound fluxes during an extreme drought in a broadleaf temperate forest of the Missouri Ozarks (central USA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711, USA, 8 Atmospheric Chemistryenvironmental factors on organic compounds from oil palms in South-East Asia. Atmospheric Chemistry

  13. Performance-Based Decision-Making in Post-Earthquake Highway Bridge Repair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordin, Eugene

    2010-01-01

    Transmittal (SMART) system. Further identifying the bridge= SMART = STAP = USGS = VFT = WashDOT = Area Bridge

  14. Design of Bulk Railway Terminals for the Shale Oil and Gas Industry C. Tyler Dick1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    -Champaign 1241 Newmark Civil Engineering Lab, MC-250, 205 N. Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, U.S.A., E Engineering, Inc., 8005 Hallet Street, Lenexa, KS 66215, U.S.A., E-mail: lynn.brown@hdrinc.com. ABSTRACT of crude oil and natural gas are trapped beneath the ground surface in non-permeable shale rock

  15. Development of a bridge fault extractor tool 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhat, Nandan D.

    2005-02-17

    are tools that analyze chip layouts and produce a realistic list of bridging faults within that chip. FedEx, previously developed at Texas A&M University, extracts all two-node intralayer bridges of any given chip layout and optionally extracts all two...) for this tool which aids in more effectively visualizing the bridge faults across the chip. The final aim of this thesis was to perform FedEx output analysis to understand the nature of the defects, such as variation of critical area (the area where...

  16. Intelligent Sensing for Innovative Bridges EMILE SHEHATA,* PENG.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Manitoba, Canada. The first, the Taylor Bridge, is the longest smart bridge built in North America and \\vas- - - - - - - - - - - - - - Intelligent Sensing for Innovative Bridges EMILE SHEHATA,* PENG ABSTRACT: This paper discusses two types of fiber optic sensors used for monitoring highway bridges

  17. 2. Controlling Cars on a Bridge Jean-Raymond Abrial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    2. Controlling Cars on a Bridge Jean-Raymond Abrial April 2008 #12;Purpose of this Lecture (1) 1 of the system, labeled FUN. - The function of this system is to control cars on a narrow bridge. - This bridge is controlling cars on a bridge between the mainland and an island FUN-1 - This can be illustrated as follows

  18. 2. Controlling Cars on a Bridge Jean-Raymond Abrial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    2. Controlling Cars on a Bridge Jean-Raymond Abrial 2009 #12;Purpose of this Lecture (1) 1 of this system is to control cars on a narrow bridge. - This bridge is supposed to link the mainland to a small island. #12;A Requirements Document (2) 6 The system is controlling cars on a bridge between the mainland

  19. Willamette River Transit Bridge PSU CTS Seminar January 16, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Willamette River Transit Bridge PSU CTS Seminar January 16, 2009 Dave Unsworth, TriMet Guenevere River Transit Bridge · Portland-Milwaukie Light Rail Project · Plans for a new Willamette River Bridge · Public Process Today's Agenda #12;Willamette River Transit BridgePortland-Milwaukie Light Rail Project

  20. PROVENCHER BRIDGE OVER THE RED RIVER WINNIpEG, MANITOBA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ABSTRACT PROVENCHER BRIDGE OVER THE RED RIVER WINNIpEG, MANITOBA C.D. Stewart and B.D. Thompson of Manitoba Winnipeg, Manitoba Alternative design schemes to replace the 76-year-old Provencher Bridge over for construction of the bridge is discussed. I Stewart, Thompson and Rizkalla. Provencher Bridge over the Red River

  1. RED Bridge Funding Program Principles Applicable to the Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barge, Marcy

    RED Bridge Funding Program Principles Applicable to the Plan: The purpose of bridge funding in order to give the investigator an opportunity to regain extramural funding. RED will consider bridge is needed to retain key personnel and to maintain project momentum. Bridge funds are not intended to support

  2. Designing and Building File-Folder Bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowen, James D.

    with a group of our undergraduate engineering students to run a popsicle stick bridge-building contest for 11th into teams, and each team received a pile of popsicle sticks and a hot glue gun. Within a specified period

  3. Reliability of corroded steel bridge girders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordahi, Irene A

    2006-01-01

    Corrosion is one of the main causes of deterioration of bridges. Structures exposed to harsh environmental conditions are subjected to time-variant changes of their load-carrying capacity. Thus, there is a need for an ...

  4. Maxwell Tension Supports the Water Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Widom; Y. N. Srivastava; J. Swain; S. Sivasubramanian

    2008-12-30

    A cylindrical flexible cable made up of pure fluid water can be experimentally spanned across a spatial gap with cable endpoints fixed to the top edges of two glass beakers. The cable has been called a water bridge in close analogy to iron cables employed to build ordinary span bridges. A necessary condition for the construction of a water bridge is that a large electric field exists parallel to and located within the water cable. Presently, there is no accepted detailed theory which quantitatively explains the forces which hold up the bridge. Our purpose is to present such theory based on the Maxwell pressure tensor induced by the electric field albeit within the condensed matter dielectric fluid cable.

  5. Design optimization of cable-stayed bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bessas, Georgios

    2006-01-01

    The goal of this thesis is to achieve a basic understanding of cable-stayed systems. Issues to be treated are the diachronic evolution of cable-stayed bridges, including the advantages, the limitations and the basic design ...

  6. SSL Demonstration: Bridge Lighting, Minneapolis, MN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-10-01

    DOE Solid-State Lighting GATEWAY summary brief for Phase II report on the longer-term performance of LED lighting installed in 2008 on the I-35W Bridge in Minneapolis, MN.

  7. Cal-Bridge: A CSU-UC PhD Bridge Program to Increase Diversity in Astronomy and Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudolph, Alexander L.

    Cal-Bridge: A CSU-UC PhD Bridge Program to Increase Diversity in Astronomy Cal Poly Pomona October 23, 2014 #12;Why Cal-Bridge (and CAMPARE)? · "Li States Hispanic 17% 31% #12;Why Cal-Bridge (and CAMPARE)? Percent of doctorates awarded

  8. Synthesis, Structure, Bridge-Terminal Exchange Kinetics, and Molecular Orbital Calculations of Pyrazolate-Bridged Digallium Complexes Containing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlegel, H. Bernhard

    Synthesis, Structure, Bridge-Terminal Exchange Kinetics, and Molecular Orbital Calculations of Pyrazolate-Bridged Digallium Complexes Containing Bridging Phenyl Groups Chatu T. Sirimanne, John E. KnoxVersity, Detroit, Michigan 48202 Received May 21, 2003; E-mail: chw@chem.wayne.edu Bridging of monoanionic

  9. Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System Heating Oil, PIA Office...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System Heating Oil, PIA Office of Fossil Energy Headquaters Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System Heating Oil, PIA Office of Fossil Energy...

  10. 5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's share of world crude oil production has rebound5 World Oil Trends Chapter 1 WORLD OIL TRENDS INTRODUCTION In considering the outlook for California's petroleum supplies, it is important to give attention to expecta- tions of what the world oil

  11. The Pennsylvania State University www.BioEnergyBridge.psu.edu 1 BioEnergy Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    © The Pennsylvania State University www.BioEnergyBridge.psu.edu 1 Penn State BioEnergy# trichard@psu.edu rtw103@psu.edu www.bioenergy.psu.edu Biomass Energy Center #12;© The Pennsylvania State · The BioEnergy BridgeTM will address the full spectrum of challenges to our national priority of reducing

  12. Global Economic Effects of USA Biofuel Policy and the Potential Contribution from Advanced Biofuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gbadebo Oladosu; Keith Kline; Paul Leiby; Rocio Uria-Martinez; Maggie Davis; Mark Downing; Laurence Eaton

    2012-01-01

    This study evaluates the global economic effects of the USA renewable fuel standards (RFS2), and the potential contribution from advanced biofuels. Our simulation results imply that these mandates lead to an increase of 0.21 percent in the global gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, including an increase of 0.8 percent in the USA and 0.02 percent in the rest of the world (ROW); relative to our baseline, no-RFS scenario. The incremental contributions to GDP from advanced biofuels in 2022 are estimated at 0.41 percent and 0.04 percent in the USA and ROW, respectively. Although production costs of advanced biofuels are higher than for conventional biofuels in our model, their economic benefits result from reductions in oil use, and their smaller impacts on food markets compared with conventional biofuels. Thus, the USA advanced biofuels targets are expected to have positive economic benefits.

  13. Using Fuel Oil",,,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,"Fuel Oil Expenditures...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Total Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditures for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"All Buildings* Using Fuel Oil",,,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,"Fuel Oil Expenditures" ,"Number of Buildings...

  14. Using Fuel Oil",,,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,"Fuel Oil Expenditures...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Total Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditures for All Buildings, 2003" ,"All Buildings Using Fuel Oil",,,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,"Fuel Oil Expenditures" ,"Number of Buildings...

  15. EXPERIMENTAL NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF FRP MATERIALS, INSTALLATION, AND PERFORMANCE, DALLAS COUNTY BRIDGE, MISSOURI, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maerz, Norbert H.

    EXPERIMENTAL NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF FRP MATERIALS, INSTALLATION, AND PERFORMANCE, DALLAS COUNTY provided the opportunity to use new and existing technologies to test the FRP materials installations alignment, FRP delamination, and FRP bond pull-off strength. Results of testing to date are presented

  16. Effect of structure backfill on stiffness and capacity of bridge abutments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bozorgzadeh, Azadeh

    2007-01-01

    of exterior sacrificial shear keys of bridge abutments. ”J. Bridge Engrg. , Briaud, J. L. ,Soil-nailed wall under piled bridge abutment: simulation and

  17. ODT’s OTIA III Bridge Program: Three Years of Environmental Stewardship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Shelley D.; Ryan, Bill

    2007-01-01

    February 2007. OTIA III Bridge Delivery Program. Monthlyfor ODOT’s OTIA III State Bridge Delivery Program: Manyimpacts. The OTIA III State Bridge Delivery Program (the

  18. Performance-Based Decision-Making in Post-Earthquake Highway Bridge Repair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordin, Eugene

    2010-01-01

    Reinforced Concrete Bridge Columns by Steel Jacketing. SanDatabase for Concrete Bridge Components and Systems underMotion Level on Highway Bridge Costs. Program of Applied

  19. Seismic bridge response modification due to degradation of viscous dampers performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graziotti, Francesco

    2010-01-01

    Monitoring of Isolated Bridges: Parametric Analysis of theidentification procedure for bridge structures with energyUCSD. Cendron. (2008). Bridge response modification due to

  20. Horizontal oil well applications and oil recovery assessment. Volume 1: Success of horizontal well technology, Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deskins, W.G.; McDonald, W.J.; Knoll, R.G.; Springer, S.J.

    1995-03-01

    Horizontal technology has been applied in over 110 formations in the USA. Volume I of this study addresses the overall success of horizontal technology, especially in less-publicized formations, i.e., other than the Austin Chalk, Bakken, and Niobrara. Operators in the USA. and Canada were surveyed on a formation-by-formation basis by means of a questionnaire. Response data were received describing horizontal well projects in 58 formations in the USA. and 88 in Canada. Operators responses were analyzed for trends in technical and economic success based on lithology (clastics and carbonates) and resource type (light oil, heavy oil, and gas). The potential impact of horizontal technology on reserves was also estimated. A forecast of horizontal drilling activity over the next decade was developed.

  1. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    unfettered access to oil resources including the possibleChina’s search for oil resources around the world. However,a survey of China’s oil resources, while others focus

  2. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    Figure 5. Monthly oil production for Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait,day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq Kuwait Figure 6.and the peak in U.S. oil production account for the broad

  3. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq KuwaitEIA Table 1.2, “OPEC Crude Oil Production (Excluding Lease2008, from EIA, “Crude Oil Production. ” Figure 16. U.S.

  4. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),the Predictive Accuracy of Crude Oil Futures Prices,” EnergyFigure 3. Price of crude oil contract maturing December of

  5. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crude023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton June

  6. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    and Income on Energy and Oil Demand,” Energy Journal 23(1),the faster its growth in oil demand over the last half ofthe income elasticity of oil demand to fall signi?cantly.

  7. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    current pace of growth in oil demand as staying consistentthis point, China’s demand Oil Demand vs. Domestic Supply inand predictions of oil supply and demand affected foreign

  8. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    Michael T. Klare, Blood and Oil: The Dangers of America’sDowns and Jeffrey A. Bader, “Oil-Hungry China Belongs at BigChina, Africa, and Oil,” (Council on Foreign Relations,

  9. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    Natural Gas, Heating Oil and Gasoline,” NBER Working Paper.2006. “China’s Growing Demand for Oil and Its Impact on U.S.and Income on Energy and Oil Demand,” Energy Journal 23(1),

  10. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    China made an Iranian oil investment valued at $70 billion.across Iran, China’s oil investment may exceed $100 billionthese involving investment in oil and gas, really undermine

  11. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    in U.S. real GDP and oil consumption, 1949-2006. slope =Historical Chinese oil consumption and projection of trend.1991-2006: Chinese oil consumption in millions of barrels

  12. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton Junedirectly. Understanding Crude Oil Prices* James D. Hamilton

  13. The Interstate-40 bridge shaker project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mayes, R.L.; Nusser, M.A.

    1994-04-01

    New Mexico State University organized an effort to perform static and dynamic damage-detection tests on the Interstate-40 bridge over the Rio Grande at Albuquerque. The opportunity was available because the 425-ft-long bridge was soon to be replaced. Sandia National Laboratories was asked to provide and operate a shaker that could exert 1000-lb peak amplitude forces for both sinusoidal and random excitations between 2 and 20 Hz. Two Sandia departments collaborated to design and build the shaker, using existing major components connected with Sandia-designed and -fabricated hardware. The shaker was installed and operated successfully for a series of five modal and sinusoidal response tests.

  14. Bridge Theory: Oltre la Frontiera Quantistica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massimo Auci

    2009-01-25

    Bridge Theory was born in 1979 from a simple idea. An observer of a dipolar source cannot measure instantaneously all the energy and momentum effectively produced along the own line of view because the source has not a spherical symmetry. This physical circumstance has as consequence that the energy and momentum localised inside the source zone is equivalent to one of a photon. The new approach to quantisation appears to be a bridge between quantum mechanics and electromagnetic theory with many intriguing future develops.

  15. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    geological limits, global production of crude oil next yearGlobal production of crude petroleum. Notes: Bold line: From EIA, “World Production of Crude Oil,

  16. Oil Security Metrics Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, David L.; Leiby, Paul N.

    2005-03-06

    A presentation to the IWG GPRA USDOE, March 6, 2005, Washington, DC. OSMM estimates oil security benefits of changes in the U.S. oil market.

  17. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    China’s domestic oil supply will peak, and demand Robertpeak will come around 2020, 24 and that by this point, China’s demand Oil

  18. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    historical data for claiming to be able to predict oil pricehistorical data. The second is to look at the predictions of economic theory as to how oil prices

  19. Biochemically enhanced oil recovery and oil treatment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Premuzic, Eugene T. (East Moriches, NY); Lin, Mow (Rocky Point, NY)

    1994-01-01

    This invention relates to the preparation of new, modified organisms, through challenge growth processes, that are viable in the extreme temperature, pressure and pH conditions and salt concentrations of an oil reservoir and that are suitable for use in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The modified microorganisms of the present invention are used to enhance oil recovery and remove sulfur compounds and metals from the crude oil.

  20. Biochemically enhanced oil recovery and oil treatment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.

    1994-03-29

    This invention relates to the preparation of new, modified organisms, through challenge growth processes, that are viable in the extreme temperature, pressure and pH conditions and salt concentrations of an oil reservoir and that are suitable for use in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The modified microorganisms of the present invention are used to enhance oil recovery and remove sulfur compounds and metals from the crude oil. 62 figures.

  1. Bridge Detection from Elevation Data Using a Classifier Cascade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danner, Andrew

    -earth terrain. One of the most important problem features are bridges. From the air, a bridge appears as a solid it is marked out. 1.1 Related Work Sithole and Vosselman (Sithole and Vosselman, 2006) de- scribe a system

  2. Modeling - Scale-Bridging Simulations Active Materials in Li...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - Scale-Bridging Simulations Active Materials in Li-ion Batteries, and Validation in BATT Electrodes Modeling - Scale-Bridging Simulations Active Materials in Li-ion Batteries, and...

  3. Carbon nanotubes and their application to very long span bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damolini, Stéphane

    2009-01-01

    Spanning long distances in bridge construction relies mainly on the structure's efficiency and materials used. Whereas structural design for high rise building is fast-expanding, the overall design of long span bridges has ...

  4. To Bridge LEDs' Green Gap, Scientists Think Small

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    To Bridge LEDs' Green Gap, Scientists Think Small To Bridge LEDs' Green Gap, Scientists Think Small Nanostructures Half a DNA Strand-Wide Show Promise for Efficient LEDs April 4,...

  5. Calculation of Extreme Wave Loads on Coastal Highway Bridges 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Bo

    2010-01-14

    Coastal bridges are exposed to severe wave, current and wind forces during a hurricane. Most coastal bridges are not designed to resist wave loads in such extreme situations, and there are no existing analytical methods to calculate wave loads...

  6. Search for a bridge to the energy future: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saluja, S.S.

    1986-01-01

    The alarming effects, concerns, and even the insights into long-range energy planning that grew out of the OPEC oil embargo of 1973 are fading from the view of a shortsighted public. The enthusiastic initiatives taken in many countries for the development of alternative energy sources have withered due to lack of economic and/or ideological incentive. The events since December 1985, when the members of OPEC decided to increase production in an effort to capture their share of market, have brought down the prices of a barrel of crude to less than US $11 and have made any rational analysis very complex. This has made even the proponents of the alternative energy sources pause and think. The US has, as usual, oscillated from panic to complacency. The Libyan crisis, however, has brought the dangers of complacency into sharp focus. The first commercial coal gasification plant, constructed with a capital investment of over US $2 billion, was abandoned by the owners and is being operated by the US Department of Energy temporarily. In their effort to find a private owner, the US Department of Energy has set the date of auction of this prestigious plant for May 28, 1986. And if an appropriate bid is not forthcoming, the plant faces a very uncertain future. Coal, considered by the World Coal Study (WOCOL) at MIT in 1980, to be a bridge to a global energy future, seems to have lost its luster due to the oil glut which we all know is temporary. This was evident when the bill to grant the Right of Eminent Domain for transportation of coal was defeated. This conference was organized to bring together experts in different areas from various countries to discuss the state of the art and the rate of progress in different alternative energy forms. The recent accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in USSR has brought home the need of diversification of the alternative energy sources.

  7. The Middle East Roads, Bridges and Tolls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    EconomicCrisis ­ Expatriatejobscut ­ Overconges8on · DubaiWorld'sDebt ­ Slowedexpansion ­ AbuDhabiBailout #12;Negatives Low Housing#12;#12;The Middle East #12;Dubai #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Roads, Bridges and Tolls RTA Two Major longest automatic driverless system in the world Red (2009) and Green Line (2010) 87 Trains 74

  8. ADVANCED COMPOSITE MATERIALS FOR BRIDGES Sami RIZKALLA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is also discussed. The high strength and light weight of these materials and the fact that they are now to the increasing demand to use heavier truck loads. This paper reviews some ofthe Canadian projects which have been demand for heavier truck loads and to increase ductility of existing bridges for earthquake resistance

  9. Recent Innovation for Concrete Highway Bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Calgary, Alberta) is prestressed by carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) tendons and instrumented bridge constructed in Canada using two different types of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) tendons Rizkalla/Mufti #12;The two different types of CFRP used were carbon fiber composite cables (CFCC) 0.625 in

  10. Bridging mycorrhizal genomics, metagenomics and forest ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pringle, Anne

    Meetings Bridging mycorrhizal genomics, metagenomics and forest ecology 6th New Phytologist of easily cultured saprotrophic fungi (among the first three published genomes were the models Saccharomyces or biotechnological interest, genomics is now poised to rapidly permeate the fields of fungal ecology and evolution

  11. Building Access Program Facilities Management Bridge Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Building Access Program Facilities Management Bridge Group January 21, 2014 #12;Campus Safety Initiatives · Lighting and Landscaping · Video Surveillance · Building Access #12;The Challenge · How do we;Components of Building Access · Perimeter automation · Tightening of public hours #12;Perimeter Automation

  12. The iron abundance of the Magellanic Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. L. Dufton; R. S. I. Ryans; H. M. A. Thompson; R. A. Street

    2008-02-01

    High-resolution HST ultra-violet spectra for five B-type stars in the Magellanic Bridge and in the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds have been analysed to estimate their iron abundances. Those for the Clouds are lower than estimates obtained from late-type stars or the optical lines in B-type stars by approximately 0.5 dex. This may be due to systematic errors possibly arising from non-LTE effects or from errors in the atomic data as similar low Fe abundances having previously been reported from the analysis of the ultra-violet spectra of Galactic early-type stars. The iron abundance estimates for all three Bridge targets appear to be significantly lower than those found for the SMC and LMC by approximately -0.5 dex and -0.8 dex respectively and these differential results should not be affected by any systematic errors present in the absolute abundance estimates. These differential iron abundance estimates are consistent with the underabundances for C, N, O, Mg and Si of approximately -1.1 dex relative to our Galaxy previously found in our Bridge targets. The implications of these very low metal abundances for the Magellanic Bridge are discussed in terms of metal deficient material being stripped from the SMC.

  13. Characterization and electrical modeling of semiconductors bridges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marx, K.D.; Bickes, R.W. Jr.; Wackerbarth, D.E.

    1997-03-01

    Semiconductor bridges (SCBs) are finding increased use as initiators for explosive and pyrotechnic devices. They offer advantages in reduced voltage and energy requirements, coupled with excellent safety features. The design of explosive systems which implement either SCBs or metal bridgewires can be facilitated through the use of electrical simulation software such as the PSpice{reg_sign} computer code. A key component in the electrical simulation of such systems is an electrical model of the bridge. This report has two objectives: (1) to present and characterize electrical data taken in tests of detonators which employ SCBs with BNCP as the explosive powder; and (2) to derive appropriate electrical models for such detonators. The basis of such models is a description of the resistance as a function of energy deposited in the SCB. However, two important features which must be added to this are (1) the inclusion of energy loss through such mechanisms as ohmic heating of the aluminum lands and heat transfer from the bridge to the surrounding media; and (2) accounting for energy deposited in the SCB through heat transfer to the bridge from the explosive powder after the powder ignites. The modeling procedure is entirely empirical; i.e., models for the SCB resistance and the energy gain and loss have been estimated from experimental data taken over a range of firing conditions. We present results obtained by applying the model to the simulation of SCB operation in representative tests.

  14. The Library as bridge Science and Art

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napp, Nils

    & Engineering Library, University of Nevada, Flickr galleries #12;Oak Park Public Library httpThe Library as bridge between Science and Art Moriana Garcia and Shannon Robinson AAAS 2013 http/466515914_734739ada4.jpg Multidisciplinary space #12;Library displays #12;http://farm7.staticflickr.com/6203

  15. Bridges in the random-cluster model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elçi, Eren Metin; Fytas, Nikolaos G

    2015-01-01

    The random-cluster model, a correlated bond percolation model, unifies a range of important models of statistical mechanics in one description, including independent bond percolation, the Potts model and uniform spanning trees. By introducing a classification of edges based on their relevance to the connectivity we study the stability of clusters in this model. We derive several exact relations for general graphs that allow us to derive unambiguously the finite-size scaling behavior of the density of bridges and non-bridges. For percolation, we are also able to characterize the point for which clusters become maximally fragile and show that it is connected to the concept of the bridge load. Combining our exact treatment with further results from conformal field theory, we uncover a surprising behavior of the variance of the number of (non-)bridges, showing that these diverge in two dimensions below the value $4\\cos^2{(\\pi/\\sqrt{3})}=0.2315891\\cdots$ of the cluster coupling $q$. Finally, it is shown that a par...

  16. Pedestrian excitation of bridges D E Newland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newland, David E.

    Pedestrian excitation of bridges D E Newland Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge caused by moving pedestrians. The phenomenon of `synchronization' by which people respond naturally to high vibration levels. The main assumption is that the movement of a pedestrian's centre of mass has

  17. BRIDGING WEATHER AND CLIMATE IN RESEARCH AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Richard H.

    BRIDGING WEATHER AND CLIMATE IN RESEARCH AND FORECASTS OF THE GLOBAL MONSOON SYSTEM by Chih and forecast issues ranging from mesoscale weather to climate change in various monsoon regions of the globe organized under the new World Weather Research Programme (WWRP). The previous emphasis of this workshop

  18. Worldwide Energy and Manufacturing USA Inc formerly Worldwide...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Worldwide Manufacturing USA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Worldwide Energy and Manufacturing USA Inc (formerly Worldwide Manufacturing USA) Place: San Bruno, California Zip:...

  19. THE 2005 FHWA CONFERENCE Integral Abutment and Jointless Bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvath, John S.

    THE 2005 ­ FHWA CONFERENCE Integral Abutment and Jointless Bridges (IAJB 2005) March 16 ­ 18, 2005 Guidelines and Foundation Design Integral Abutment and Jointless Bridges V. Mistry 3 Integral Abutments and Jointless Bridges (IAJB) 2004 Survey Summary R. Maruri, S.Petro 12 The In-Service Behavior of Integral

  20. ack, Rayner & Pell: Pragmatic Reasoning in Bridge 23 [Searle 1979

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddadi, Hamed

    Gamb Ë? ack, Rayner & Pell: Pragmatic Reasoning in Bridge 23 [Searle 1979] Searle, J.R. 1979 of Wisconsin. #12; Gamb Ë? ack, Rayner & Pell: Pragmatic Reasoning in Bridge 22 [Levy 1989] Levy, D.N.L., 1989. 400--411. #12; Gamb Ë? ack, Rayner & Pell: Pragmatic Reasoning in Bridge 21 Acknowledgements The work

  1. THE CLASSIFICATION OF DEHN SURGERIES ON 2-BRIDGE KNOTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brittenham, Mark

    THE CLASSIFICATION OF DEHN SURGERIES ON 2-BRIDGE whether a given surgery on a 2-bridge knot is * *reducible, toroidal, Seifert fibered, or hyperbolic are non-hyperbolic. Let Kp=q be a 2-bridge* * knot associated to the rational number p=q. When p 1

  2. OVERALL BEHAVIOR AND MATERIAL CHARACTERIZATION OF PULTRUDED GFRP BRIDGE DECKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OVERALL BEHAVIOR AND MATERIAL CHARACTERIZATION OF PULTRUDED GFRP BRIDGE DECKS Lee Nelson1 , Tarek K condition of bridges and other infrastructure facilities has been documented by several researchers worldwide. Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composite bridge decks deliver viable solutions to meet critical

  3. BUILD Program bridge to university for individuals with learning disabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUILD Program bridge to university for individuals with learning disabilities Now, you can get by participating in our new BUILD (Bridge to University for Individuals with Learning Disabilities) Program. Sign the school year knowing the critical information you need to be successful in university. The Bridge

  4. THE CLASSIFICATION OF DEHN SURGERIES ON 2-BRIDGE KNOTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brittenham, Mark

    THE CLASSIFICATION OF DEHN SURGERIES ON 2-BRIDGE KNOTS Mark Brittenham and Ying-Qing Wu Abstract. We will determine whether a given surgery on a 2-bridge knot is reducible, toroidal, Seifert bered-hyperbolic. Let Kp=q be a 2-bridge knot associated to the rational number p=q. When p 1 mod q, K is a torus knot

  5. BUILD Program Bridge to University for Individuals with Learning Disabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BUILD Program Bridge to University for Individuals with Learning Disabilities Now, you can get by participating in our new BUILD (Bridge to University for Individuals with Learning Disabilities) Program. Sign the school year knowing the critical information you need to be successful in university. The Bridge

  6. A new mathematical explanation of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A new mathematical explanation of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapse Gianni ARIOLI - Filippo The spectacular collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge, which occurred in 1940, has attracted the at- tention a new mathematical model for the study of the dy- namical behavior of suspension bridges which provides

  7. Bridge Creek Watershed Volunteer Lake Secchi Disk Monitoring Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Bridge Creek Watershed Volunteer Lake Secchi Disk Monitoring Program 1996 DOE FRAP 1996-13 Ryan.C. December 1996 #12;ABSTRACT This document summarizes data collected during the first year of the Bridge transparency data from 22 lakes in the Bridge Creek watershed. Secchi depth readings were collected between May

  8. Bridge Functionality Relationships for Improved Seismic Risk Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padgett, Jamie Ellen

    Bridge Functionality Relationships for Improved Seismic Risk Assessment of Transportation Networks Jamie E. Padgett,a... M.EERI, and Reginald DesRoches,b... M.EERI Relationships between bridge damage and the resulting loss of functionality of the bridge are critical to assessing the impact of an earthquake event

  9. AUGMENTED REALITY VISUALIZATION TOOL FOR KINGS STORMWATER BRIDGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Mike

    AUGMENTED REALITY VISUALIZATION TOOL FOR KINGS STORMWATER BRIDGE Matthew Clothier Mike Bailey Stormwater Bridge structure. Unfortunately, since AR is still in its infancy, much of the research devoted Monitoring of Structures, Applications 1. Introduction: Kings Stormwater Bridge Over the past few years, our

  10. HIDDEN SYMMETRIES OF CYCLIC BRANCHED COVERINGS OF 2-BRIDGE KNOTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HIDDEN SYMMETRIES OF CYCLIC BRANCHED COVERINGS OF 2-BRIDGE KNOTS MARCO RENI AND ANDREI VESNIN hyperbolic 3-manifolds Mn(K), which are n- fold cyclic branched coverings of 2-bridge knots K. We show the symmetry groups of knots and links (see [BZ], [Ka]). Particularly, the class of 2-bridge knots

  11. REQUEST FOR BRIDGE FUNDING Schools of the Health Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    1 REQUEST FOR BRIDGE FUNDING Schools of the Health Sciences (Revised, October 2014) In light Sciences and John and Gertrude Petersen Dean, School of Medicine, will provide limited bridge funding as permitted by the scientific merit of the project to be bridged, the documented need for such funds

  12. Bridge-Node Selection and Loss Recovery in Island Multicast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Shueng-Han Gary

    Bridge-Node Selection and Loss Recovery in Island Multicast W.-P. Ken Yiu K.-F. Simon Wong S multicast-capable domains (the so-called islands) while overlay connections are used to bridge islands. In the previously proposed scheme, the number of ping measurements to find good bridge-nodes is at least

  13. Active control of extremely prestressed simple supported composite bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dagher, Bahjat (Bahjat Nouhad)

    2007-01-01

    More than 600,000 US bridges are considered to be in need of rehabilitation. More than 90 Billion US Dollars is the estimated amount of money required. According to the National Bridge Inventory, 18.5% of those bridges are ...

  14. Valuable bridges : cable-stayed bridges and value engineering in American civil engineering culture, 1969-1979

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuels, Fallon M. (Fallon Michele)

    2007-01-01

    A history and theory of cable-stayed bridges in the context of a cultural discourse on civil construction projects' value, this thesis studies the significance of cable-stayed bridge designs to 'value engineering' objectives ...

  15. M362K Second Midterm Exam. March 12, 2004 Problem 1. Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voloch, Felipe

    M362K Second Midterm Exam. March 12, 2004 Problem 1. Bridge A bridge hand consists of 13 cards from a standard 52 card deck. a) How many bridge hands contain exactly five spades? b) How many bridge hands contain all 4 aces? c) How many bridge hands contain exactly 5 spades and all 4 aces? d) How many bridge

  16. Eco Oil 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brett Earl; Brenda Clark

    2009-10-26

    This article describes the processes, challenges, and achievements of researching and developing a biobased motor oil.

  17. OIL & GAS INSTITUTE Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    OIL & GAS INSTITUTE CONTENTS Introduction Asset Integrity Underpinning Capabilities 2 4 4 6 8 9 10 COMPETITIVENESS UNIVERSITY of STRATHCLYDE OIL & GAS INSTITUTE OIL & GAS EXPERTISE AND PARTNERSHIPS #12;1 The launch of the Strathclyde Oil & Gas Institute represents an important step forward for the University

  18. Euro Chef USA: Order (2014-CE-23004)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Euro Chef USA Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Euro Chef USA had failed to certify that certain models of cooking products comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  19. USA Manufacturing: Order (2013-CE-5336)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered USA Manufacturing to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding USA Manufacturing had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  20. Hisense USA: Order (2010-CE-1211)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued an Order after entering into a Compromise Agreement with Hisense USA Corp. after finding Hisense USA had failed to certify that certain models of residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  1. Impact of AASHTO LRFD bridge design specifications on the design of Type C and AASHTO Type IV girder bridges 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammed, Safiuddin Adil

    2007-04-25

    of prestressed concrete bridges. It was identified that Type C and AASHTO Type IV are among the most common girder types used by TxDOT for prestressed concrete bridges. This study is specific to these two types of bridges. Guidelines are provided to tailor TxDOT...

  2. Understanding the Rate of Clean Up for Oil Zones after a Gel Treatment R.S. Seright, SPE, New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center, W. Brent Lindquist, SPE, and Rong Cai,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

    SPE 112976 Understanding the Rate of Clean Up for Oil Zones after a Gel Treatment R.S. Seright, SPE at the 2008 SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium held in Tulsa, Oklahoma, U.S.A., 19­23 April 2008. This paper to establish why pore-filling Cr(III)-acetate- HPAM gels reduced permeability to water much more than to oil

  3. ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (trillion Btu)",,,,,"Fuel Oil Energy...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Fuel Oil Consumption (Btu) and Energy Intensities by End Use for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (trillion Btu)",,,,,"Fuel Oil Energy Intensity (thousand Btu...

  4. Polymeric salt bridges for conducting electric current in microfluidic devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shepodd, Timothy J. (Livermore, CA); Tichenor, Mark S. (San Diego, CA); Artau, Alexander (Humacao, PR)

    2009-11-17

    A "cast-in-place" monolithic microporous polymer salt bridge for conducting electrical current in microfluidic devices, and methods for manufacture thereof is disclosed. Polymeric salt bridges are formed in place in capillaries or microchannels. Formulations are prepared with monomer, suitable cross-linkers, solvent, and a thermal or radiation responsive initiator. The formulation is placed in a desired location and then suitable radiation such as UV light is used to polymerize the salt bridge within a desired structural location. Embodiments are provided wherein the polymeric salt bridges have sufficient porosity to allow ionic migration without bulk flow of solvents therethrough. The salt bridges form barriers that seal against fluid pressures in excess of 5000 pounds per square inch. The salt bridges can be formulated for carriage of suitable amperage at a desired voltage, and thus microfluidic devices using such salt bridges can be specifically constructed to meet selected analytical requirements.

  5. Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAKIR, NIDA

    2013-01-01

    is described below. Data Crude oil production data is fromproductivity measure is crude oil production per worker, andwhich is measured as crude oil production per worker, is

  6. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    in the oil and gas sectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . .of regime change, using oil and gas income per capita as aregime change, using fitted oil and gas income per capita as

  7. Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAKIR, NIDA

    2013-01-01

    Venezuelan Oil Industry Total Wells Drilled and InvestmentWells Drilled and Investment in the Venezuelan Oil Industryopenness of the oil sector to foreign investment contributes

  8. Accelerated Aging of Polymer Composite Bridge Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlson, Nancy Margaret; Blackwood, Larry Gene; Torres, Lucinda Laine; Rodriguez, Julio Gallardo; Yoder, Timothy Scott

    1999-03-01

    Accelerated aging research on samples of composite material and candidate ultraviolet (UV) protective coatings is determining the effects of six environmental factors on material durability. Candidate fastener materials are being evaluated to determine corrosion rates and crevice corrosion effects at load-bearing joints. This work supports field testing of a 30-ft long, 18-ft wide polymer matrix composite (PMC) bridge at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). Durability results and sensor data from tests with live loads provide information required for determining the cost/benefit measures to use in life-cycle planning, determining a maintenance strategy, establishing applicable inspection techniques, and establishing guidelines, standards, and acceptance criteria for PMC bridges for use in the transportation infrastructure.

  9. Tacoma Bridge Failure-- a Physical Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, D; Green, Daniel; Unruh, William G.

    2004-01-01

    The cause of the collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge has been a topic of much debate and confusion since the day it fell. Many mischaracterizations of the observed phenomena have limited the widespread understanding of the problem. Nevertheless, there has always been an abundance of evidence in favour of a negative damping model. Negative damping, or positive feedback, is responsible for many large amplitude oscillations observed in many applications. In this paper, we will explain some well-known examples of positive feedback. We will then present a feedback model, derived from fundamental physics, capable of explaining a number of features observed in the instabilities of many bridge decks. This model is supported by computational, experimental and historical data.

  10. Ha Emission from the Magellanic Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Muller; Q. Parker

    2007-06-27

    We present here a preliminary report and commentary of recently processed observations of Ha emission towards the Magellanic Bridge. These data have been analysed in an attempt to quantify the extent to which the stellar population is capable of reshaping the local ISM. We find that the Ha emission regions are small, weak and sparsely distributed, consistent with a relatively quiescent and inactive ISM where radiative and collisional ionisation is inefficient and sporadic. This suggests that energetic processes at the small scale (i.e. ~tens of pc) do not dominate the energy balance within the ISM of the Bridge, which therefore hosts a pristine turbulent structure, otherwise inaccessible within our own Galaxy. We find Ha emission that is well correlated with detected 12CO(1-0) line emission (a proxy for molecular hydrogen), as well as other easily identified ring-like HI features.

  11. Bridged polygermsesquioxanes. Organically modified germanium oxide materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jamison, G.M.; Loy, D.A. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Shea, K.J. (Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States))

    1993-09-01

    Sol-gel processed polysilsesquioxanes are hybrid organic-inorganic materials with potential applications as photoresists, membranes, or catalytic supports. Hydrolytic conversion of trichloro- or trialkoxysilanes often leads to amorphous or crystalline oligosilsesquioxanes instead of high polymers. In light of the intimate dependence of polysilsesquioxane properties of tightly controlled reaction conditions and processing, recent emphasis has been placed on control of polymer microarchitecture via the introduction of arylene-, acetylene-, and alkylene-bridging groups. Another strategy for modifying the properties of hybrid organic-inorganic polymers is to substitute a group IVA metal, such as germanium, for silicon. The authors report the synthesis and characterization of bifunctional hexylene-bridged organogermanium monomers X[sub 3]Ge-(CH[sub 2])[sub 6]GeX[sub 3] (X = Cl; OEt) and the formation of polymeric materials through sol-gel hydrolysis-condensation of the monomers. 15 refs., 2 figs.

  12. Oil Recovery Increases by Low-Salinity Flooding: Minnelusa and Green River Formations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric P. Robertson

    2010-09-01

    Waterflooding is by far the most widely used method in the world to increase oil recovery. Historically, little consideration has been given in reservoir engineering practice to the effect of injection brine composition on waterflood displacement efficiency or to the possibility of increased oil recovery through manipulation of the composition of the injected water. However, recent work has shown that oil recovery can be significantly increased by modifying the injection brine chemistry or by injecting diluted or low salinity brine. This paper reports on laboratory work done to increase the understanding of improved oil recovery by waterflooding with low salinity injection water. Porous media used in the studies included outcrop Berea sandstone (Ohio, U.S.A.) and reservoir cores from the Green River formation of the Uinta basin (Utah, U.S.A.). Crude oils used in the experimental protocols were taken from the Minnelusa formation of the Powder River basin (Wyoming, U.S.A.) and from the Green River formation, Monument Butte field in the Uinta basin. Laboratory corefloods using Berea sandstone, Minnelusa crude oil, and simulated Minnelusa formation water found a significant relationship between the temperature at which the oil- and water-saturated cores were aged and the oil recovery resulting from low salinity waterflooding. Lower aging temperatures resulted in very little to no additional oil recovery, while cores aged at higher temperatures resulted in significantly higher recoveries from dilute-water floods. Waterflood studies using reservoir cores and fluids from the Green River formation of the Monument Butte field also showed significantly higher oil recoveries from low salinity waterfloods with cores flooded with fresher water recovering 12.4% more oil on average than those flooded with undiluted formation brine.

  13. Building Commissioning in the USA 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, N.; Friedman, H.

    2006-01-01

    $50 billion/yr for energy? Cx energy savings range: 6% - 9% ? California Market Characterization Study (2000) ? RCx energy savings range: 7% - 30 % ? LBNL study: The Cost-Effectiveness of Commissioning New and Existing Commercial Buildings: Lessons... Commissioning in the USA Natascha Castro, Annex 47- US Team Leader National Institute of Standards and Technology Hannah Friedman, Cost-Benefit Subtask Leader Portland Energy Conservation, Inc. Asian Pacific Conference on Building Commissioning November 7, 2006...

  14. Apparatus for distilling shale oil from oil shale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shishido, T.; Sato, Y.

    1984-02-14

    An apparatus for distilling shale oil from oil shale comprises: a vertical type distilling furnace which is divided by two vertical partitions each provided with a plurality of vent apertures into an oil shale treating chamber and two gas chambers, said oil shale treating chamber being located between said two gas chambers in said vertical type distilling furnace, said vertical type distilling furnace being further divided by at least one horizontal partition into an oil shale distilling chamber in the lower part thereof and at least one oil shale preheating chamber in the upper part thereof, said oil shale distilling chamber and said oil shale preheating chamber communication with each other through a gap provided at an end of said horizontal partition, an oil shale supplied continuously from an oil shale supply port provided in said oil shale treating chamber at the top thereof into said oil shale treating chamber continuously moving from the oil shale preheating chamber to the oil shale distilling chamber, a high-temperature gas blown into an oil shale distilling chamber passing horizontally through said oil shale in said oil shale treating chamber, thereby said oil shale is preheated in said oil shale preheating chamber, and a gaseous shale oil is distilled from said preheated oil shale in said oil shale distilling chamber; and a separator for separating by liquefaction a gaseous shale oil from a gas containing the gaseous shale oil discharged from the oil shale preheating chamber.

  15. Spot-Oiling Johnsongrass. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, Fred C.; Norris, M. J.; Rea, H. E.

    1955-01-01

    -treat Johnsongrass in cotton in 19 54. Power-driven sprayers normally used for in- tect control in row crops were modified for Yose. A spray pressure of 12 pounds re inch was used. Two systems of the grass were tried. In one system the crenr applying the oil... crown-oilings with naphtha, 83 percent in 7 tests by 3 oil- ings, 95 percent in 6 tests by 4 oilings and 98 percent in 4 tests by 5 to 7 oilings. The use of mixtures of 50 percent naphtha and 50 per- cent kerosene or diesel fuel oil reduced...

  16. No Oil: The coming Utopia/Dystopia and Communal Possibilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Timothy

    2006-03-01

    stream_size 16742 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name MillerT_SoU_1_2006.pdf.txt stream_source_info MillerT_SoU_1_2006.pdf.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8 Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 No Oil...: The Coming Utopia/Dystopia and Communal Possibilities Timothy Miller University of Kansas, USA Citation: Timothy Miller, “No Oil: The Coming Utopia/Dystopia and Communal Possibilities”, Spaces of Utopia: An Electronic Journal, nr. 1, Spring 2006...

  17. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    21, 2008. Ying, Wang. “ China, Venezuela firms to co-developApril 21, “China and Venezuela sign oil agreements. ” Chinaaccessed April 21, “Venezuela and China sign oil deal. ” BBC

  18. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    an alternative investment strategy to buying oil today andinvestments necessary to catch up. This was the view o?ered by oilinvestment strategy. date t) in order to purchase a quantity Q barrels of oil

  19. Vegetable oils for tractors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moroney, M.

    1981-11-14

    Preliminary tests by the Agricultural Institute, show that tractors can be run on a 50:50 rape oil-diesel mixture or on pure rape oil. In fact, engine power actually increased slightly with the 50:50 blend but decreased fractionally with pure rape oil. Research at the North Dakota State University on using sunflower oil as an alternative to diesel fuel is also noted.

  20. SRC Residual fuel oils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tewari, Krishna C. (Whitehall, PA); Foster, Edward P. (Macungie, PA)

    1985-01-01

    Coal solids (SRC) and distillate oils are combined to afford single-phase blends of residual oils which have utility as fuel oils substitutes. The components are combined on the basis of their respective polarities, that is, on the basis of their heteroatom content, to assure complete solubilization of SRC. The resulting composition is a fuel oil blend which retains its stability and homogeneity over the long term.

  1. SRC residual fuel oils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tewari, K.C.; Foster, E.P.

    1985-10-15

    Coal solids (SRC) and distillate oils are combined to afford single-phase blends of residual oils which have utility as fuel oils substitutes. The components are combined on the basis of their respective polarities, that is, on the basis of their heteroatom content, to assure complete solubilization of SRC. The resulting composition is a fuel oil blend which retains its stability and homogeneity over the long term.

  2. Enhanced Oil Recovery of Viscous Oil by Injection of Water-in-Oil Emulsion Made with Used Engine Oil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Xuebing

    2012-08-20

    Solids-stabilized water-in-oil emulsions have been suggested as a drive fluid to recover viscous oil through a piston-like displacement pattern. While crude heavy oil was initially suggested as the base oil, an alternative oil ? used engine oil...

  3. Oil Quantity : The histori

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    120 140 160 19 Oil Quantity Con Wel N E A N N ng Results e Bay : The histori Bay over tim : Prudhoe Ba returns plan n in percent m 0% to 300% 968 1973 Oil Productio Productio 5000600 4000500 3000400 2000300 model for Prudhoe Bay. Figure 11: Historical Prudhoe Bay oil production data, modeled economically

  4. Biochemical upgrading of oils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Premuzic, Eugene T. (East Moriches, NY); Lin, Mow S. (Rocky Point, NY)

    1999-01-12

    A process for biochemical conversion of heavy crude oils is provided. The process includes contacting heavy crude oils with adapted biocatalysts. The resulting upgraded oil shows, a relative increase in saturated hydrocarbons, emulsions and oxygenates and a decrease in compounds containing in organic sulfur, organic nitrogen and trace metals. Adapted microorganisms which have been modified under challenged growth processes are also disclosed.

  5. Biochemical upgrading of oils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.S.

    1999-01-12

    A process for biochemical conversion of heavy crude oils is provided. The process includes contacting heavy crude oils with adapted biocatalysts. The resulting upgraded oil shows, a relative increase in saturated hydrocarbons, emulsions and oxygenates and a decrease in compounds containing organic sulfur, organic nitrogen and trace metals. Adapted microorganisms which have been modified under challenged growth processes are also disclosed. 121 figs.

  6. Oil spill response resources 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muthukrishnan, Shankar

    1996-01-01

    source in an effective manner. Oil spills are fast becoming pollution sources that are causing the maximum damage to the environment. This is owing to the compounds that are released and the way oil spreads in both water and land. Preventing the oil spill...

  7. Oil and Gas Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tingley, Joseph V.

    , oil and gas, and geothermal activities and accomplishments in Nevada: production statistics Products 23. Sloan dolomite quarry 24. Weiser gypsum quarry Oil Fields 1. Blackburn field 2. North WillowMetals Industrial Minerals Oil and Gas Geothermal Exploration Development Mining Processing Nevada

  8. Assessment of Bridge Inspection and Maintenance in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwok, Kin Yip George

    2009-01-01

    (Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, 2008). Pennsylvania DOT has its own special bridge maintenance manual and special maintenance plan for stone arch bridges as shown in Figure 2.9 (Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, 2008). Figure 2... bridges. Requires lead training and monitoring for workers. EPA; Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA ) Regulates the handling, storage, and disposal of lead (and other heavy metals) containing waste. Can increase the cost of disposal...

  9. THE CLASSIFICATION OF DEHN SURGERIES ON 2BRIDGE KNOTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brittenham, Mark

    THE CLASSIFICATION OF DEHN SURGERIES ON 2­BRIDGE KNOTS Mark Brittenham and Ying­Qing Wu Abstract. We will determine whether a given surgery on a 2­bridge knot is reducible, toroidal, Seifert fibered surgeries are non­hyperbolic. Let K p=q be a 2­bridge knot associated to the rational number p=q. When p j

  10. Vestas USA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-EnhancingEt Al.,Turin, NewArkansas:Standards JumpUSA Jump to: navigation, search Name:

  11. 12th Annual Bridging Partnerships Small Business Symposium

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    You’re Invited: Join the U.S. Department of Energy and Hanford Site Prime Contractors for the Bridging Partnerships Small Business Symposium!

  12. COLLOQUIUM: Compressed Air Energy Storage: The Bridge to Our...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Compressed Air Energy Storage: The Bridge to Our Renewable Energy Future Mr. Al Cavallo Consultant Compressed air energy storage (CAES) is a proven,...

  13. Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Alkyltransferase proteins (AGT) protect cells from the biological effects of DNA damage caused by the addition...

  14. Bridging the Divide Between Poverty Reduction and Climate Change...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bridging the Divide Between Poverty Reduction and Climate Change Through Sustainable and Innovative Energy Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

  15. Old Bridge, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Old Bridge, New Jersey: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.39295, -74.330035 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingse...

  16. Title 33 CFR 115 Bridge Locations and Clearances: Administrative...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Title 33 CFR 115 Bridge Locations and Clearances: Administrative Procedures Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- Federal...

  17. SMART BRIDGE: A Tool for Estimating the Military Load

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    information is described in the next section. Finally, the last section summarizes the SMART BRIDGE efforts. BIUDGE AND VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION The U . S . military uses the...

  18. Catalysis by Design: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Experiments...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    between Theory and Experiments Catalysis by Design: Bridging the Gap between Theory and Experiments Poster presentation at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research...

  19. Sandia Energy - Sandia Co-Hosts "Climate Risk Forum: Bridging...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Co-Hosts "Climate Risk Forum: Bridging Climate Science and Actuarial Practice" Home Climate Water Security Facilities News Global Climate & Energy NISAC News & Events Analysis...

  20. Catalysis by Design: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Experiments...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Between Theory and Experiments at Nanoscale Level Catalysis by Design: Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Experiments at Nanoscale Level Studies on a simple platinum-alumina...

  1. Title 33 USC 401 Construction of Bridges, Causeways, Dams or...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Title 33 USC 401 Construction of Bridges, Causeways, Dams or Dikes Generally; Exemptions Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...

  2. Bridged polysilsesquioxanes. Highly porous hybrid organic-inorganic materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loy, D.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Properties of Organic Materials Dept.; Shea, K.J. [Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

    1995-07-01

    This contribution reviews a new family of inorganic-organic hybrid materials that are assembled by sol-gel polymerization of polyfunctional molecular building blocks. These bridged polysilsesquioxanes are three-dimensional network materials that are distinguished by incorporation of an organic fragment as an integral component of the network. The intimate association of the organic and inorganic phase, a true molecular composite, coupled with the variability of the organic component, permits engineering of both chemical and physical properties of the material. The paper reviews bridged polysilsesquioxanes, arylene-bridged polysilsesquioxanes, alkylene-bridged polysilsesquioxanes; and their applications.

  3. CloudBridge: A Cloud-Powered System Enabling Mobile Devices to Control Peripherals Without Drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, R. Michael

    , CloudBridge. CloudBridge user ap- plication running on a smart device works as a TCP bridge relaying on the other. Through the bridge, it is possible to issue operations from a smart device without having network Figure 1: The smart device in the middle works as a bridge connecting a cloud server

  4. Salt Bridge Formation, Rev 9.1.99 Warner Instrument Corporation1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Movileanu, Liviu

    Salt Bridge Formation, Rev 9.1.99 Warner Instrument Corporation1 A procedure for the formation of agar salt bridges. The purpose of an agar salt bridge is to provide an electrical connection the following procedure to create salt bridges. This procedure involves: 1) formation of bridges 2) preparing

  5. Climate change: A crack in the natural-gas bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, SJ; Shearer, C

    2014-01-01

    fuels such as coal, gas and oil produces more than 80% ofsubstitution of gas for coal and oil can thus decarbonize

  6. A crack in the natural-gas bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, SJ; Shearer, C

    2014-01-01

    fuels such as coal, gas and oil produces more than 80% ofsubstitution of gas for coal and oil can thus decarbonize

  7. Fabrication procedure effects on fatigue resistance of rib -to-deck welded joints of steel orthotropic bridge decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sim, Hyoung-Bo

    2010-01-01

    International Orthotropic Bridge Conference (CD-ROM),fatigue evaluation of steel bridges. ” International Journalfor the Bronx-Whitestone Bridge rehabilitation. ” Journal of

  8. Utah Heavy Oil Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Bauman; S. Burian; M. Deo; E. Eddings; R. Gani; R. Goel; C.K. Huang; M. Hogue; R. Keiter; L. Li; J. Ruple; T. Ring; P. Rose; M. Skliar; P.J. Smith; J.P. Spinti; P. Tiwari; J. Wilkey; K. Uchitel

    2009-10-20

    The Utah Heavy Oil Program (UHOP) was established in June 2006 to provide multidisciplinary research support to federal and state constituents for addressing the wide-ranging issues surrounding the creation of an industry for unconventional oil production in the United States. Additionally, UHOP was to serve as an on-going source of unbiased information to the nation surrounding technical, economic, legal and environmental aspects of developing heavy oil, oil sands, and oil shale resources. UHOP fulGilled its role by completing three tasks. First, in response to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 Section 369(p), UHOP published an update report to the 1987 technical and economic assessment of domestic heavy oil resources that was prepared by the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission. The UHOP report, entitled 'A Technical, Economic, and Legal Assessment of North American Heavy Oil, Oil Sands, and Oil Shale Resources' was published in electronic and hard copy form in October 2007. Second, UHOP developed of a comprehensive, publicly accessible online repository of unconventional oil resources in North America based on the DSpace software platform. An interactive map was also developed as a source of geospatial information and as a means to interact with the repository from a geospatial setting. All documents uploaded to the repository are fully searchable by author, title, and keywords. Third, UHOP sponsored Give research projects related to unconventional fuels development. Two projects looked at issues associated with oil shale production, including oil shale pyrolysis kinetics, resource heterogeneity, and reservoir simulation. One project evaluated in situ production from Utah oil sands. Another project focused on water availability and produced water treatments. The last project considered commercial oil shale leasing from a policy, environmental, and economic perspective.

  9. Semiconductor bridge, SCB, ignition of energetic materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bickes, R.W.; Grubelich, M.D.; Harris, S.M.; Merson, J.A.; Tarbell, W.W.

    1997-04-01

    Sandia National Laboratories` semiconductor bridge, SCB, is now being used for the ignition or initiation of a wide variety of exeoergic materials. Applications of this new technology arose because of a need at the system level to provide light weight, small volume and low energy explosive assemblies. Conventional bridgewire devices could not meet the stringent size, weight and energy requirements of our customers. We present an overview of SCB technology and the ignition characteristics for a number of energetic materials including primary and secondary explosives, pyrotechnics, thermites and intermetallics. We provide examples of systems designed to meet the modern requirements that sophisticated systems must satisfy in today`s market environments.

  10. Electronic bridge process in 229Th^+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. G. Porsev; V. V. Flambaum

    2010-04-28

    We have studied the effect of atomic electrons on the nuclear transition from the isomeric {229m}Th state to the ground {229g}Th state in {229}Th+ due to the electronic bridge process. The exact value of the nuclear transition frequency is unknown so far; therefore, we have developed a formalism that can be used for any nuclear transition frequency. We have calculated positions of several high-lying even-parity states which are not presented in experimental atomic spectra databases. We have found their energy levels and g factors.

  11. Bridging the Gap to 64-bit Computing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L OBransen Plasma Asher An O2 RFand TechnicalBrianBridging

  12. Climate Bridge Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,Coal Technologies Place:Standards JumpAdvisers Jump to:Bridge

  13. BridgeLux | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC JumpBiossence JumpJerseyEconomy CountriesBreakthroughBridgeLux

  14. Golden Bridge Strategies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric JumpAtlasBridge Strategies Jump to:

  15. Dialkylenecarbonate-Bridged Polysilsesquioxanes. Hybrid Organic Sol-Gels with a Thermally Labile Bridging Group

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loy, D.A.; Beach, J.V.; Baugher, B.M.; Assink, R.A.; Shea, K.J.; Tran, J.; Small, J.H.

    1999-04-21

    In this paper, we introduce a new approach for altering the properties of bridged polysilsesquioxane xerogels using post-processing modification of the polymeric network. The bridging organic group contains latent functionalities that can be liberated thermally, photochemically, or by chemical means after the gel has been processed to a xerogel. These modifications can produce changes in density, volubility, porosity, and or chemical properties of the material. Since every monomer possesses two latent functional groups, the technique allows for the introduction of high levels of functionality in hybrid organic-inorganic materials. Dialkylenecarbonate-bridged polysilsesquioxane gels were prepared by the sol-gel polymerization of bis(triethoxysilylpropyl)carbonate (1) and bis(triethoxysilylisobutyl)-carbonate (2). Thermal treatment of the resulting non-porous xerogels and aerogels at 300-350 C resulted in quantitative decarboxylation of the dialkylenecarbonate bridging groups to give new hydroxyalkyl and olefinic substituted polysilsesquioxane monolithic xerogels and aerogels that can not be directly prepared through direct sol-gel polymerization of organotrialkoxysilanes.

  16. OIL & UPML: A Unifying Framework for the Knowledge Web D. Fensel1, M. Crubezy2, F. van Harmelen1, and M. I. Horrocks3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murawski, Andrzej

    .42 1.43 1.44 OIL & UPML: A Unifying Framework for the Knowledge Web D. Fensel1, M. Crubezy2, F. van,frankh}@cs.vu.nl 2 Knowledge Modeling Group at Stanford Medical Informatics, Stanford University USA, crubezy. First, we discuss OIL that is proposed as description language for ontology interchange. That is

  17. Trajectory Forecast as a Rapid Response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Yonggang Liu, Robert H. Weisberg, Chuanmin Hu, and Lianyuan Zheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    better or worse than the others throughout the event with one excep- tion. The lessons learned fromTrajectory Forecast as a Rapid Response to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Yonggang Liu, Robert H. Petersburg, Florida, USA In response to the Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Horizon oil spill, a Lagrangian

  18. Volume 2, Chapter 7: Fitting the Bridge and the Nut The bridge and the nut are the places that support the strings and transmit the sound. [ If

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Binkley, Jim

    1 Volume 2, Chapter 7: Fitting the Bridge and the Nut The bridge and the nut are the places, then there will not be any sounds. Both (bridges) must be done right and then the (required) sounds will come in response.] They also have a function of making the fingering easier. The bridge is tall and half sunken into the face

  19. Evaluation of Lateral Behavior of Pile-Supported Bridges under Scour Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Cheng

    2012-05-31

    Scour is the removal of soils in the vicinity of bridge foundations, resulting in a reduced capacity of the foundations, which may lead to a bridge failure. Scour causes 60% of bridge failures in the United States. To ...

  20. Evaluation of a new bridge formula for regulation of truck weights 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contractor, Yateesh Jaykishan

    2005-11-01

    The current bridge formula, Federal Bridge Formula B (BFB), established in 1974 to protect bridges against excessive overstress, is very restrictive on long combination vehicles due to an 80,000 lb gross vehicle weight limit. Without this limit...

  1. Smart Suspension Systems for Bridge-Friendly Vehicles Yonghong Chena1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsao, Tsu-Chin

    Smart Suspension Systems for Bridge-Friendly Vehicles Yonghong Chena1 , C.A. Tanb , L. A. Bergmanc to develop various designs of smart suspension systems for bridge-friendly vehicles. The bridge

  2. An Analysis of Bridge Abutment Shear Key Behavior due to Embankment Modeling and Earthquake Intensity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wasef, Nardin Mofid

    Tan, B. S. (August 1990). Bridge Abutments: Formulation ofLinear Analysis of Ordinary Bridges Crossing Fault-RuptureZones. Journal of Bridge Engineering, ASCE , 203-215. 15.

  3. Development of composite renewal systems for rapid rehabilitation and construction of bridge decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pridmore, Anna Beth

    2009-01-01

    M.A. , Deck forms for girder bridges, in The Aberdeen Group.rebuilding the nation's bridges. 2008, American AssociationBettigole, N.H. , Replacing bridge decks. Civil Engineering,

  4. Building a Bridge for the Future with Professor Abolhassan Astaneh-Asl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    student had one building or bridge that they worked on forBuilding a Bridge for the Future with Professor Abolhassanas well. Buildings and bridges must be able to withstand a

  5. A bridge between worlds: understanding network structure to understand change strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, Alan J.; Finnigan, Kara S.

    2010-01-01

    138 DOI 10.1007/s10833-009-9102-5 A bridge between worlds:can be conceptualized as bridges between aspects of policysuggest the importance of a bridge between central of?ce and

  6. Competitiveness of Soil Carbon as an Option: Is it a Bridge to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    Competitiveness of Soil Carbon as an Option: Is it a Bridge to the Future? Competitiveness of Soil CarbonCompetitiveness of Soil Carbon as an Option: Is it a Bridge to theas an Option: Is it a Bridge

  7. Stochastic Life-cycle Analysis of Deteriorating Infrastructure Systems and an Application to Reinforced Concrete Bridges 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramesh Kumar, 1982-

    2012-11-30

    investigates the effect of seismic degradation on the reliability of reinforced concrete (RC) bridges. For this purpose, we model the seismic degradation process in the RC bridge columns which are the primary lateral load resisting system in a bridge...

  8. The use of nondestructive testing methods for the condition assessment of concrete bridge girders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unruh, Richard Cornelius, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    There are over 594,000 publicly controlled bridges in the United States. Concrete and pre-stressed concrete bridges account for nearly 50% of the bridges in the US inventory. This proportion is increasing each year, as new ...

  9. REHABILITATION OF CONCRETE BRIDGES FOR SHEAR DEFICIENCY USING CFRP SHEETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    applications, under the efforts of ISIS Canada, of using carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) sheets Creek Bridge in Alberta. KEY WORDS: bridges, carbon fiber reinforced plastics, concrete, girders, such as carbon, glass and ararnid fiber composites, have been considered for solutions to such problems

  10. Bridge over troubled facets by Scott Thumlert and Bruce Jamieson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamieson, Bruce

    triggered it, it'll go big!" ­ smart skier "Dude, there's that wind crust in there that will for sure bridgeBridge over troubled facets by Scott Thumlert and Bruce Jamieson ASARC ­ Applied snow and avalanche hoar layer is probably in there." ­ smart skier "Well, we haven't seen any natural activity

  11. FATIGUE BEHAVIOR OF IMPACT DAMAGED PRESTRESSED CONCRETE BRIDGE GIRDER REPAIRED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    vehicles is a major expense for bridge maintenance departments. The use of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer with one ruptured prestressing strand. The concrete section was restored with a polymer modified mortar loadings that all bridge girders undergo. The use of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) has emerged

  12. Electrical Resistivity Imaging for Unknown Bridge Foundation Depth Determination 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arjwech, Rungroj

    2012-02-14

    as suitable to investigate unknown bridge foundations. The objective of the present study is to apply advanced 2D electrical resistivity imaging (ERI) in order to identify depth of unknown bridge foundations. A survey procedure is carried out in mixed terrain...

  13. BRIDGING THE WEB OF DOCUMENTS WITH THE WEB OF DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzitzikas, Yannis

    BRIDGING THE WEB OF DOCUMENTS WITH THE WEB OF DATA AT SEARCH TIME Yannis Tzitzikas University') Exploratory Search Semantic Web and Linked Data Faceted Exploration Bridging the Web of Documents with the Web of Data (50') Possible Ways Focus on doing this at search time Case studies: presented

  14. The Department of Visual & Dramatic Arts encourages, supports, and bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aazhang, Behnaam

    The Department of Visual & Dramatic Arts encourages, supports, and bridges artistic research program bridges a wide range of academic possibilities. One of the largest departments with regard of American Art in the Smithsonian; London Institute of Contemporary Arts; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Tacoma

  15. INNOVATION AND AESTHETICS IN BRIDGE ENGINEERING Paul Gauvreau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gauvreau, Paul

    . Maillart is not the only engineer to have designed bridges that link economy and aesthetic significanceINNOVATION AND AESTHETICS IN BRIDGE ENGINEERING Paul Gauvreau University of Toronto This article appeared in the Canadian Civil Engineer, Issue 23.5 (Winter 2006-2007) Robert Maillart's Salginatobel

  16. A Roadmap for Bridging Basic and Applied Research in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomberlin, Jeff

    A Roadmap for Bridging Basic and Applied Research in Forensic Entomology J.K. Tomberlin,1 R. Mohr,1 sciences to develop a stronger scientific foundation. We suggest a roadmap for decomposition ecology to interpret entomological evidence collected from crime scenes. By following the proposed roadmap, a bridge

  17. First Smart Bridge in Canada A. Guha-Thakurta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SUMMARY First Smart Bridge in Canada A. Guha-Thakurta City of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada A., Calgary, Alberta, Canada On November 5, 1993, the City of Calgary completed the construction of the first smart prestressed concrete highway bridge built in Canada. A total of six pretensioned girders

  18. OKLAHOMA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PAVEMENT AND BRIDGE DECK SMOOTHNESS REQUIREMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is defined. The specification applies to PFC (permeable friction course), OGFC (open graded friction course), HMA (hot mix asphalt), PCCP (P.C. concrete pavement) and Bridge Decks. Areas where 1/8 to 1/2 inch per apply to all types of Portland cement and asphalt concrete pavements as well as bridge decks. ODOT

  19. Bridging the Communication Gap a South African Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Zijl, Lynette

    and policy, apart from technical assistance. In all our projects, we concentrate on bridging a communication on building communication bridges that can help caregivers and family to understand and communicate of charge. Since then, we collaborated with a German group on the statistical machine translation of sign

  20. REVIEW PAPER Biodeterioration of crude oil and oil derived

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appanna, Vasu

    REVIEW PAPER Biodeterioration of crude oil and oil derived products: a review Natalia A. Yemashova January 2007 Ó Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007 Abstract Biodeterioration of crude oil and oil of operational problems. Nowadays various test-systems are utilized for microbial monitoring in crude oils

  1. Crude Oil Analysis Database

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Shay, Johanna Y.

    The composition and physical properties of crude oil vary widely from one reservoir to another within an oil field, as well as from one field or region to another. Although all oils consist of hydrocarbons and their derivatives, the proportions of various types of compounds differ greatly. This makes some oils more suitable than others for specific refining processes and uses. To take advantage of this diversity, one needs access to information in a large database of crude oil analyses. The Crude Oil Analysis Database (COADB) currently satisfies this need by offering 9,056 crude oil analyses. Of these, 8,500 are United States domestic oils. The database contains results of analysis of the general properties and chemical composition, as well as the field, formation, and geographic location of the crude oil sample. [Taken from the Introduction to COAMDATA_DESC.pdf, part of the zipped software and database file at http://www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/oil-gas/Software/database.html] Save the zipped file to your PC. When opened, it will contain PDF documents and a large Excel spreadsheet. It will also contain the database in Microsoft Access 2002.

  2. Orion Registrar, Inc., USA Certificate of Registration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orion Registrar, Inc., USA Certificate of Registration !J.fus IS lo cerl!fy !lie Cnuironmen!al2!t'anagemenl c:S!andard: ISO 14001:2004 :Jh.e 0nuironmenfai!J]{'mzagemenl c this certificate please visit www.orion4value.com #12;Orion Registrar, Inc., USA Certificate of Registration :J

  3. 1Mohammed Atiquzzaman, University of Oklahoma, USA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atiquzzaman, Mohammed

    1Mohammed Atiquzzaman, University of Oklahoma, USA. Presentation at Tohoku University, Japan Aug 6 of Computer Science University of Oklahoma. Email: atiq@ieee.org Web: www.cs.ou.edu/~atiq Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan. Aug 6, 2002. #12;2Mohammed Atiquzzaman, University of Oklahoma, USA. Presentation

  4. 1Mohammed Atiquzzaman, University of Oklahoma, USA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atiquzzaman, Mohammed

    1Mohammed Atiquzzaman, University of Oklahoma, USA. Presentation at Tohoku University, Japan Aug 6 of Computer Science University of Oklahoma. Email: atiq@ieee.org Web: www.cs.ou.edu/~atiq Presentation at Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan. Aug 6, 2002. #12;2Mohammed Atiquzzaman, University of Oklahoma, USA

  5. Controlling porosity in bridged polysilsesquioxanes through elimination reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McClain, M.D.; Loy, D.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Prabakar, S. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Advanced Materials Lab.

    1996-06-01

    The retro Diels-Alder reaction was used to modify porosity in hydrocarbon-bridged polysilsesquioxane gels. Microporous polysilsesquioxanes incorporating a thermally labile Diels-Alder adduct as the hydrocarbon bridging group were prepared by sol-gel polymerization of trans-2,3-bis(triethoxysilyl)norbornene. Upon heating the 2,3-norbornenylene-bridges polymers at temperatures above 250 C, the norbornenylene-bridging group underwent a retro Diels-Alder reaction losing cyclopentadiene and leaving behind a ethenylene-bridged polysilsesquioxane. Less than theoretical quantities of cyclopentadiene were volatilized indicating that some of the diene was either reacting with the silanol and olefinic rich material or undergoing oligomerization. Both scanning electron microscopy and nitrogen sorption porosimetry revealed net coarsening of pores (and reduction of surface area) in the materials with thermolysis.

  6. Drop deposition on surfaces with contact-angle hysteresis: Liquid-bridge stability and breakup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir Akbari; Reghan J. Hill

    2015-07-23

    We study the stability and breakup of liquid bridges with a free contact line on a surface with contact-angle hysteresis under zero-gravity conditions. Theoretical predictions of the stability limits are validated by experimental measurements. Experiments are conducted in a water-methanol-silicon oil system where the gravity force is offset by buoyancy. We highlight cases where stability is lost during the transition from a pinned-pinned to pinned-free interface when the receding contact angle is approached---rather than a critical state, indicating that the breakup length is not always associated with the static maximum-length stability limit. We demonstrate that the dynamic contact angle controls the contact-line radius following stability loss, and that interface evolution following stability loss can increase the dispensed-drop size if the contact angle is fixed.

  7. BRIDGE Frderung von Grndungen aus Hochschulen Unternehmensgrndung mit einem starken Partner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diekmann, Martin

    BRIDGE ­ Förderung von Gründungen aus Hochschulen Unternehmensgründung mit einem starken Partner:00 Uhr Cartesium, Rotunde, Enrique-Schmidt-Str. 5 Anmeldung und weitere Informationen: www.bridge

  8. VPR RESEARCH BRIDGE PROGRAM Objective: Toprovide short-term,limitedfinancial support whenexternallyfundedresearchprogramshave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kihara, Daisuke

    VPR RESEARCH BRIDGE PROGRAM Objective: Toprovide short-term,limitedfinancial support following: pastrecord of external funding,effortsunderwaytosecure external fundingbeyondthe bridge

  9. Structural Response and Cost Characterization of Bridge Construction using Seismic Performance Enhancement Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aviram Traubita, Ady

    2009-01-01

    bridge components. The bearing devices are the main factorbearings, B-ICC record Bridge Seismic Response The following section presents the main

  10. Seismic Assessment and Retrofit of Existing Multi-Column Bent Bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seismic Assessment and Retrofit of Existing Multi-Column Bent Bridges By Cole C. Mc ................................................................................................................................... 6 Seismic Activity in Western Washington State Approach ­ Bridge Modeling .............................................11 Seismic Excitations

  11. Oil and Gas CDT Gas hydrate distribution on tectonically active continental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    Oil and Gas CDT Gas hydrate distribution on tectonically active continental margins: Impact on gas. Gregory F. Moore, University of Hawaii (USA) http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/moore/ Key Words Gas Hydrates, Faults, Fluid Flow, gas prospectivity Overview Fig. 1. Research on gas hydrates is often undertaken

  12. World Oil: Market or Mayhem?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, James L.

    2008-01-01

    The world oil market is regarded by many as a puzzle. Why are oil prices so volatile? What is OPEC and what does OPEC do? Where are oil prices headed in the long run? Is “peak oil” a genuine concern? Why did oil prices ...

  13. Wave-Particle Behaviour in Bridge Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massimo Auci

    2012-01-22

    The Bridge Theory that is based on the role that the transversal component of the Pointing vector has in the localisation in the neighbourhood of a dipole of an amount of energy and momentum equal to ones of a photon of same frequency, if applied at the collision of a pair of real particles is able to describe their travel in space in agreement with the Relativistic Quantum Theory. This result suggests that Relativity and Quantum Mechanics despite their apparent incompatibility they become compatible if we assume the existence of a deepest level of reality in which is the electromagnetism to produce the quantum and relativistic effects in the matter allowing in the same context a dualism wave-particle equivalent to that hypothesized by Louis de Broglie.

  14. A bridge to lower overhead quantum computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin G. Fowler; Simon J. Devitt

    2013-04-09

    Two primary challenges stand in the way of practical large-scale quantum computation, namely achieving sufficiently low error rate quantum gates and implementing interesting quantum algorithms with a physically reasonable number of qubits. In this work we address the second challenge, presenting a new technique, bridge compression, which enables remarkably low volume structures to be found that implement complex computations in the surface code. The surface code has a number of highly desirable properties, including the ability to achieve arbitrarily reliable computation given sufficient qubits and quantum gate error rates below approximately 1%, and the use of only a 2-D array of qubits with nearest neighbor interactions. As such, our compression technique is of great practical relevance.

  15. Duality : A Bridge Between Physics And Philosophy?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. N. Mitra

    2006-05-12

    A generalized view of Duality is offered as a bridge between physical sciences and the more abstract philosophical dimensions bordering on mysticism. To that end several examples of duality are first cited from from conventional physics sectors to illustrate the obvious powers of this principle. These include items from reciprocity in Newtonian mechanics to the problem of measurement duality that characterizes quantum mechanics. It is also noted that the latter has acquired a renewed interest in recent times, consequent on the emergence of new experimental techniques for testing the actual laboratory outcomes of traditional gedanken experiments, hitherto taken for granted. Against this background, the Duality principle is sought to be extended to the mystical domain, with convincing examples from various human level experiences.

  16. Light Bridge in a Developing Active Region. II. Numerical Simulation of Flux Emergence and Light Bridge Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toriumi, Shin; Katsukawa, Yukio

    2015-01-01

    Light bridges, the bright structure dividing umbrae in sunspot regions, show various activity events. In Paper I, we reported on analysis of multi-wavelength observations of a light bridge in a developing active region (AR) and concluded that the activity events are caused by magnetic reconnection driven by magnetconvective evolution. The aim of this second paper is to investigate the detailed magnetic and velocity structures and the formation mechanism of light bridges. For this purpose, we analyze numerical simulation data from a radiative magnetohydrodynamics model of an emerging AR. We find that a weakly-magnetized plasma upflow in the near-surface layers of the convection zone is entrained between the emerging magnetic bundles that appear as pores at the solar surface. This convective upflow continuously transports horizontal fields to the surface layer and creates a light bridge structure. Due to the magnetic shear between the horizontal fields of the bridge and the vertical fields of the ambient pores,...

  17. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    disruptions, and the peak in U.S. oil production account foroil increased 81.1% (logarithmically) between January 1979 and the peak

  18. Crude Oil Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 2001 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II (Continued) PAD District...

  19. Crude Oil Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 2000 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II (Continued) PAD District...

  20. Crude Oil Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1999 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II (Continued) PAD District...

  1. Crude Oil Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1998 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II (Continued) PAD District...

  2. Crude Oil Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 2002 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II (Continued) PAD District...

  3. Coal: An energy bridge to the future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, Susan J.

    2006-09-29

    For years, coal drove the transportation business in this country and it may be poised for a comeback when it comes to moving people and things. A hundred years ago, steam engines burned tons of coal as they pulled trains across the country. Now researchers are looking at converting that coal to liquid fuel that would fill up our gas tanks and move our cars and trucks. The technology already exists to transform coal into a liquid fuel. In fact, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory scientists and engineers have researched forms of coal and hydrocarbon gasification on and off for more than 30 years. But oil has never sustained a high enough price to kick start a coal-to-liquid fuel industry. That may be changing now. In addition to high crude oil prices, experts agree worldwide petroleum resources won’t last forever, and hydrocarbon resources like coal may be the only resource available, at a large enough scale, to off-set oil consumption, in the near term.

  4. Published in 2009 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd Correspondence to: David A. Laird, USDA, ARS, National Soil Tilth Laboratory, 2110 University Blvd., Ames IA 50011-3120, USA.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Johannes

    of the pyrolysis platform for coproducing bio-oil and biochar David A. Laird, USDA-ARS-National Soil Tilth Soil Tilth Laboratory, 2110 University Blvd., Ames IA 50011-3120, USA. E-mail: david:547­562 (2009) Abstract: Pyrolysis is a relatively simple, inexpensive, and robust thermochemical technology

  5. In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2013), Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA, May 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Peter

    heat pumps powered by electricity rather than existing natural gas and oil fired boilers. In HVAC for parts of the day. However, when applied to heat­pump systems with existing thermostat strategies (AAMAS 2013), Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA, May 2013. A Learning Agent for Heat­Pump Thermostat Control

  6. In Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2013), Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA, May 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Peter

    source heat pumps powered by electricity rather than existing natural gas and oil fired boilers. In HVAC/cooling requirements for parts of the day. However, when applied to heat-pump systems with existing thermostat (AAMAS 2013), Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA, May 2013. A Learning Agent for Heat-Pump Thermostat Control

  7. USA Science and Engineering Festival: Inspiring and Educating...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    USA Science and Engineering Festival: Inspiring and Educating the Clean Energy Workforce of Tomorrow USA Science and Engineering Festival: Inspiring and Educating the Clean Energy...

  8. PIA - Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System (Heating Oil...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Home Heating Oil Reserve System (Heating Oil) More Documents & Publications PIA - WEB Physical Security Major Application PIA - GovTrip (DOE data) PIA - WEB Unclassified...

  9. Oil Shale and Oil Sands Development Robert Keiter; John Ruple...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conjunctive Surface and Groundwater Management in Utah: Implications for Oil Shale and Oil Sands Development Robert Keiter; John Ruple; Heather Tanana; Rebecca Holt 29 ENERGY...

  10. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    model specifications Oil production in the 1930-1950 period,NOCs by type, 1947-2005 . . Oil production, before and afterThe Political Economy of Oil Production in Latin America. ”

  11. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    revenues (adjusted for real oil price) before and after es-to the volatility of oil prices – and thus the volatility ofSonin (2011) shows that oil prices and executive constraints

  12. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    assessment of political and economic factors of oilAssessment of PEMEX’s Performance and Strategy. In Oil andOil Company resembled more of a regulator NOC). I will combine this assessment

  13. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    Markus Br¨ uckner. 2012. “Oil Rents, Corruption, and Statewithin-country variance in oil rents and their effects onshift in the capture of oil rents – but I show why more work

  14. The Legacy of Oil Spills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trevors, J. T.; Saier, M. H.

    2010-01-01

    010-0527-5 The Legacy of Oil Spills J. T. Trevors & M. H.workers were killed, and oil has been gushing out everday. It is now June, and oil continues to spew forth into

  15. Metallicity and Physical Conditions in the Magellanic Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Lehner; J. C. Howk; F. P. Keenan; J. V. Smoker

    2008-01-16

    We present a new analysis of the diffuse gas in the Magellanic Bridge (RA>3h) based on HST/STIS E140M and FUSE spectra of 2 early-type stars lying within the Bridge and a QSO behind it. We derive the column densities of HI (from Ly\\alpha), NI, OI, ArI, SiII, SII, and FeII of the gas in the Bridge. Using the atomic species, we determine the first gas-phase metallicity of the Magellanic Bridge, [Z/H]=-1.02+/-0.07 toward one sightline, and -1.7Bridge gas along our three lines of sight is ~70-90% ionized, despite high HI columns, logN(HI)=19.6-20.1. Possible sources for the ongoing ionization are certainly the hot stars within the Bridge, hot gas (revealed by OVI absorption), and leaking photons from the SMC and LMC. From the analysis of CII*, we deduce that the overall density of the Bridge must be low (<0.03-0.1 cm^-3). We argue that our findings combined with other recent observational results should motivate new models of the evolution of the SMC-LMC-Galaxy system.

  16. Oil shale technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, S. (Akron Univ., OH (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering)

    1991-01-01

    Oil shale is undoubtedly an excellent energy source that has great abundance and world-wide distribution. Oil shale industries have seen ups and downs over more than 100 years, depending on the availability and price of conventional petroleum crudes. Market forces as well as environmental factors will greatly affect the interest in development of oil shale. Besides competing with conventional crude oil and natural gas, shale oil will have to compete favorably with coal-derived fuels for similar markets. Crude shale oil is obtained from oil shale by a relatively simple process called retorting. However, the process economics are greatly affected by the thermal efficiencies, the richness of shale, the mass transfer effectiveness, the conversion efficiency, the design of retort, the environmental post-treatment, etc. A great many process ideas and patents related to the oil shale pyrolysis have been developed; however, relatively few field and engineering data have been published. Due to the vast heterogeneity of oil shale and to the complexities of physicochemical process mechanisms, scientific or technological generalization of oil shale retorting is difficult to achieve. Dwindling supplied of worldwide petroleum reserves, as well as the unprecedented appetite of mankind for clean liquid fuel, has made the public concern for future energy market grow rapidly. the clean coal technology and the alternate fuel technology are currently of great significance not only to policy makers, but also to process and chemical researchers. In this book, efforts have been made to make a comprehensive text for the science and technology of oil shale utilization. Therefore, subjects dealing with the terminological definitions, geology and petrology, chemistry, characterization, process engineering, mathematical modeling, chemical reaction engineering, experimental methods, and statistical experimental design, etc. are covered in detail.

  17. Einstein-Rosen "Bridge" Needs Lightlike Brane Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eduardo Guendelman; Alexander Kaganovich; Emil Nissimov; Svetlana Pacheva

    2009-10-25

    The Einstein-Rosen "bridge" wormhole solution proposed in the classic paper [1] does not satisfy the vacuum Einstein equations at the wormhole throat. We show that the fully consistent formulation of the original Einstein-Rosen "bridge" requires solving Einstein equations of bulk D=4 gravity coupled to a lightlike brane with a well-defined world-volume action. The non-vanishing contribution of Einstein-Rosen "bridge" solution to the right hand side of Einstein equations at the throat matches precisely the surface stress-energy tensor of the lightlike brane which automatically occupies the throat ("horizon straddling") - a feature triggered by the world-volume lightlike brane dynamics.

  18. Balancing oil and environment... responsibly.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weimer, Walter C.; Teske, Lisa

    2007-01-25

    Balancing Oil and Environment…Responsibly As the price of oil continues to skyrocket and global oil production nears the brink, pursuing unconventional oil supplies, such as oil shale, oil sands, heavy oils, and oils from biomass and coal has become increasingly attractive. Of particular significance to the American way is that our continent has significant quantities of these resources. Tapping into these new resources, however, requires cutting-edge technologies for identification, production, processing and environmental management. This job needs a super hero or two for a job of this size and proportion…

  19. Oil & Gas Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. DAÏM

    2002-11-12

    update of the mechanical displacement and porosity field. In ... water and oil pressures are equal. ... o or w, denote the cell values of the oil and water phase.

  20. Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAKIR, NIDA

    2013-01-01

    Oil Production in Venezuela and Mexico . . . . . . . . . .and Productivity in Venezuela and Mexico . . . . . . . . OilEllner, ”Organized Labor in Venezuela 1958-1991: Behavior

  1. Light Bridge in a Developing Active Region. I. Observation of Light Bridge and its Dynamic Activity Phenomena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toriumi, Shin; Cheung, Mark C M

    2015-01-01

    Light bridges, the bright structures that divide the umbra of sunspots and pores into smaller pieces, are known to produce wide variety of activity events in solar active regions (ARs). It is also known that the light bridges appear in the assembling process of nascent sunspots. The ultimate goal of this series of papers is to reveal the nature of light bridges in developing ARs and the occurrence of activity events associated with the light bridge structures from both observational and numerical approaches. In this first paper, exploiting the observational data obtained by Hinode, IRIS, and Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), we investigate the detailed structure of the light bridge in NOAA AR 11974 and its dynamic activity phenomena. As a result, we find that the light bridge has a weak, horizontal magnetic field, which is transported from the interior by large-scale convective upflow and is surrounded by strong, vertical fields of adjacent pores. In the chromosphere above the bridge, a transient brightening ...

  2. Heavy oil hydroprocessing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pratt, R.E.; Nongbri, G.; Clausen, G.A. [Texaco R& D, Port Arthur, TX (United States)] [and others

    1995-12-31

    Many of the crude oils available worldwide are classified as heavy oils (API gravity less than 20). In addition, many of the heavier crude oils are also high in sulfur content. Both the low gravity and high sulfur content make these crude oils difficult to process in many refineries and additional processing equipment is required. Often, deasphalting of the vacuum residuum is one of the processing routes chosen. However, the deasphalted oil (DAO) is often of poor quality and presents problems in processing in existing refinery units. Fixed bed hydrotreater and hydrocracker catalysts are quickly fouled and fluid catalytic cracking units (FCCU) reach regenerator temperature limits with only small amounts of DAO in the feed. Use of the T-STAR ebullated bed process to hydrocrack and upgrade the DAO is an excellent route for making the DAO more palatable to refinery units.

  3. Corrosivity Of Pyrolysis Oils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keiser, James R; Bestor, Michael A; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur; Storey, John Morse

    2011-01-01

    Pyrolysis oils from several sources have been analyzed and used in corrosion studies which have consisted of exposing corrosion coupons and stress corrosion cracking U-bend samples. The chemical analyses have identified the carboxylic acid compounds as well as the other organic components which are primarily aromatic hydrocarbons. The corrosion studies have shown that raw pyrolysis oil is very corrosive to carbon steel and other alloys with relatively low chromium content. Stress corrosion cracking samples of carbon steel and several low alloy steels developed through-wall cracks after a few hundred hours of exposure at 50 C. Thermochemical processing of biomass can produce solid, liquid and/or gaseous products depending on the temperature and exposure time used for processing. The liquid product, known as pyrolysis oil or bio-oil, as produced contains a significant amount of oxygen, primarily as components of water, carboxylic acids, phenols, ketones and aldehydes. As a result of these constituents, these oils are generally quite acidic with a Total Acid Number (TAN) that can be around 100. Because of this acidity, bio-oil is reported to be corrosive to many common structural materials. Despite this corrosive nature, these oils have the potential to replace some imported petroleum. If the more acidic components can be removed from this bio-oil, it is expected that the oil could be blended with crude oil and then processed in existing petroleum refineries. The refinery products could be transported using customary routes - pipelines, barges, tanker trucks and rail cars - without a need for modification of existing hardware or construction of new infrastructure components - a feature not shared by ethanol.

  4. Rank Quantization Mountain View, CA, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Jaswinder Pal

    Rank Quantization Ravi Kumar Google Mountain View, CA, USA ravi.k53@gmail.com Ronny Lempel Yahoo and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post

  5. USA Manufacturing: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5336)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that USA Manufacturing failed to certify walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the energy conservation standards.

  6. Hisense USA: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-1211)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Hisense USA Corp. failed to certify a variety of residential refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  7. IMPACT OF DIAPHRAGMS ON SEISMIC PERFORMANCE OF EXISTING SLAB-ON-GIRDER STEEL BRIDGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruneau, Michel

    of seismic ductile detailing provisions for steel bridges in all bridge design codes to date partly explains literature on the seismic evaluation and/or design of bridges (e.g. Seismic 1981; Ontario 1991; American 1994IMPACT OF DIAPHRAGMS ON SEISMIC PERFORMANCE OF EXISTING SLAB-ON-GIRDER STEEL BRIDGES by Seyed Mehdi

  8. Gene-expression programming to predict scour at a bridge abutment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Gene-expression programming to predict scour at a bridge abutment H. Md. Azamathulla ABSTRACT networks, bridge abutments, gene-expression programming, local scour, radial basis function NOTATION L is a major cause of the failure of bridge abutments. Failure of bridges due to scour at their foundations

  9. BRIDGE NUMBERS FOR VIRTUAL AND WELDED KNOTS HANS U. BODEN AND ANNE ISABEL GAUDREAU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boden, Hans U.

    BRIDGE NUMBERS FOR VIRTUAL AND WELDED KNOTS HANS U. BODEN AND ANNE ISABEL GAUDREAU Abstract. Using Gauss diagrams, one can define the virtual bridge number vb(K) and the welded bridge number wb and Manturov showed that vb(K) = br(K), the bridge number as a classical knot, and we ask whether the same

  10. Anatomy of Bridge Flutter: Some New Insights Xinzhong Chen, Ahsan Kareem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kareem, Ahsan

    Anatomy of Bridge Flutter: Some New Insights Xinzhong Chen, Ahsan Kareem NatHaz Modeling Laboratory accuracy and effectiveness are demonstrated through a flutter analysis of a cable-stayed bridge and aerodynamics on bridge flutter, which helps in better tailoring of the bridge structural systems and deck

  11. Bridge Courses in the United States Student:Andrew Pyzdek Faculty Advisor: Dorin Dumitrascu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fatkullin, Ibrahim

    Bridge Courses in the United States Student:Andrew Pyzdek Faculty Advisor: Dorin Dumitrascu, and the approach taken by American universities when offering a "bridge course." We understand a "bridge course bridge course at the University of Arizona, Math 323 -Formal Mathematical Reasoning and Writing

  12. , Effect Publishing, New York, USA, 1991 , Hermitage Publishing, New Jersey, USA, 1995

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karpovsky, Mark

    , 1995 « », , -, 1996 « », -, 1999 «», -, 2003 «», , , 2005 and hints at manifestations of the metaphysical." ("World Literature Today" , Automn, 1995, USA) « . ». ( , 6 ., 1995, ) « «» , , «» , « ». , ...». (, 12, 1995

  13. BEHAVIOR OF BRIDGE DECKS REINFORCED WITH MMFX Hatem Seliem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to failure using concentrated loads to simulate the effect of truck wheel load. The use of MMFX steel as main flexural reinforcement in bridge decks was evaluated in light of test results. A non-linear finite element

  14. Design methodologies for the seismic retrofitting of bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otenti, Alexander A. (Alexander Alfred), 1981-

    2004-01-01

    This paper formulates an earthquake design strategy for bridges. Earthquakes can cause extreme economic damage and loss of life. Structural engineers must be conscience of earthquake slip type, earthquake proximity, and ...

  15. Acetate-Bridged Platinum(III) Complexes Derived from Cisplatin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Justin J.

    Oxidation of the acetate-bridged half-lantern platinum(II) complex cis-[Pt[superscript II](NH[subscript 3])[subscript 2](?-OAc)[subscript 2]Pt[superscript II](NH[subscript 3])[subscript 2

  16. SolarBridge Technologies: Helping Solar Modules Speak the Language...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    into grid-friendly alternating current (AC). SolarBridge will partner with a U.S.-based PV module manufacturer to provide a cost-reduced AC module with a preinstalled...

  17. BRIDGE: Branching Ratio Inquiry/Decay Generated Events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick Meade; Matthew Reece

    2007-10-24

    We present the manual for the program BRIDGE: Branching Ratio Inquiry/Decay Generated Events. The program is designed to operate with arbitrary models defined within matrix element generators, so that one can simulate events with small final-state multiplicities, decay them with BRIDGE, and then pass them to showering and hadronization programs. BRI can automatically calculate widths of two and three body decays. DGE can decay unstable particles in any Les Houches formatted event file. DGE is useful for the generation of event files with long decay chains, replacing large matrix elements by small matrix elements followed by sequences of decays. BRIDGE is currently designed to work with the MadGraph/MadEvent programs for implementing and simulating new physics models. In particular, it can operate with the MadGraph implementation of the MSSM. In this manual we describe how to use BRIDGE, and present a number of sample results to demonstrate its accuracy.

  18. Fatigue tests of under-strenghth timber railroad bridge stringers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Christopher Ryan

    2002-01-01

    As the ability to obtain high-grade material becomes more difficult, assessing the value of under-strength timber for use in maintaining timber railroad bridges has become increasingly important. The objective of this ...

  19. Mag-Foot: a steel bridge inspection robot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asada, Harry

    A legged robot that moves across a steel structure is developed for steel bridge inspection. Powerful permanent magnets imbedded in each foot allow the robot to hang from a steel ceiling powerlessly. Although the magnets ...

  20. History and technology of Lemuel Chenoweth's covered bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleave, Daniel Richard

    2014-01-01

    Lemuel Chenoweth was a carpenter and bridge builder who played a key role in the development of the infrastructure of antebellum Virginia. Theodore Burr and Lewis Wernwag are among the designers who influenced the structure ...

  1. Use of fiber reinforced polymer composite in bridge structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuakta, Chakrapan, 1980-

    2005-01-01

    Fiber reinforced polymer composite (FRP) is a new construction material, gradually gaining acceptance from civil engineers. Bridge engineering is among the fields in civil engineering benefiting from the introduction of ...

  2. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01

    htm ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS OF OIL Dutch Shell andAnalysis ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS OF OIL Briefs:ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS OF OIL Oil obviously

  3. An informal description of Standard OIL and Instance OIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murawski, Andrzej

    An informal description of Standard OIL and Instance OIL 28 November 2000 Sean Bechhofer (1) Jeen to be specified in some language. This paper introduces the newest version of OIL ­ the ontology inference layer of the DAML language, with working name DAML-OIL, was proposed in a message to the rdf-logic mailing list

  4. European Market Study for BioOil (Pyrolysis Oil)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    European Market Study for BioOil (Pyrolysis Oil) Dec 15, 2006 Doug Bradley President Climate Change of Contents Scope Executive Summary 1. Background 2. Pyrolysis Oil-Char Supply and Export Potential 2 Competitiveness 3.1. Substitute Fuels 3.2. Price of Fossil Fuels 3.3. Delivered Costs of Pyrolysis Oil/Char 4

  5. Cathodic Protection of the Yaquina Bay Bridge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bullard, Sophie J.; Cramer, Stephen D.; Covino, Bernard S., Jr.; Holcomb, Gordon R.; Russell, James H.; Laylor, H.M.; Cryer, C.B.

    2001-02-01

    The Yaquina Bay Bridge in Newport, Oregon, was designed by Conde B. McCullough and built in 1936. The 3,223-foot (982 m) structure is a combination of concrete arch approach spans and a steel through arch over the shipping channel. Cathodic protection is used to prevent corrosion damage to the concrete arches. The Oregon Department of Transportation (Oregon DOT) installed a carbon anode coating (DAC-85) on two of the north approach spans in 1985. This anode was operated at a current density of 6.6 mA/m2(0.6 mA/ft2). No failure of the conductive anode was observed in 1990, five years after application, or in 2000, 15 years after application. Thermal-sprayed zinc anodes 20 mils (0.5 mm) thick were applied to half the south approach spans beginning in 1990. Thermal-sprayed zinc anodes 15 mils (0.4 mm) thick were applied to the remaining spans in 1996. These anodes were operated at a current density of 2.2 mA/m2(0.2 mA/ft2). In 1999, four zones on the approach spans were included in a two-year field trial of humectants to improve zinc anode performance. The humectants LiNO3 and LiBr were applied to two zones; the two adjacent zones were left untreated as controls. The humectants substantially reduced circuit resistance compared to the controls.

  6. Evaluation of an existing bridge`s modal properties using simplified finite element analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrar, C.R.; Duffey, T.A.

    1996-02-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present results of a simplified approach to the dynamic finite element modeling of composite girder-slab bridges using a single beam element to represent the girder-slab cross section. Dynamic properties calculated with these simplified models are compared to experimental results and results obtained from more detailed shell element models. The method for modeling flexural behavior is first discussed followed by a discussion of modeling torsional behavior. The beam element models accurately calculated the mode shapes of the structure, but the associated resonant frequencies showed some error.

  7. Dialkylene carbonate-bridged polysilsesquioxanes. Hybrid organic-inorganic sol-gels with a thermally labile bridging group

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loy, D.A.; Beach, J.V.; Baugher, B.M.; Assink, R.A.; Shea, K.J.; Tran, J.; Small, J.H.

    1999-11-01

    In this paper, the authors introduce a new approach for altering the properties of bridged polysilsesquioxane xerogels using postprocessing modification of the polymeric network. The bridging organic group contains latent functionalities that can be liberated thermally, photochemically, or chemically after the gel has been processed to a xerogel. These modifications can produce changes in density, solubility, porosity, and or chemical properties of the material. Since every monomer possesses two latent functional groups, the technique allows for the introduction of high levels of functionality in hybrid organic-inorganic materials. Dialkylene carbonate-bridged polysilsesquioxane gels were prepared by the sol-gel polymerization of bis(triethoxysilylpropyl) carbonate and bis(triethoxysilylisobutyl) carbonate. Thermal treatment of the resulting nonporous xerogels and aerogels at 300--350 C resulted in quantitative decarboxylation of the dialkylene carbonate bridging groups to give new hydroxyalkyl and olefinic substituted polysilsesquioxane monolithic xerogels and aerogels that cannot be directly prepared through direct sol-gel polymerization of organotrialkoxysilanes.

  8. New Products TACKLING OIL SPILLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    New Products TACKLING OIL SPILLS Low-grade nonwoven cotton Texas Tech University researchers its own weight in oil. The results strengthen the use of cotton as a natural sorbent for oil, said Mr Engineering and Environmental Toxicology. "With the 2010 crude oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. which resulted

  9. copyright 2004 by Elsevier Science (USA) All Rights Reserved copyright 2004 by Elsevier Science (USA) All Rights Reserved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spruth, Wilhelm G.

    copyright 2004 by Elsevier Science (USA) All Rights Reserved copyright 2004 by Elsevier Science (USA) All Rights Reserved copyright 2004 by Elsevier Science (USA) All Rights Reserved copyright 2004 . An vervie o irt l chine Architect res #12; opyright 2004 by Elsevier S ien e (USA) All Rights

  10. Oil shale research in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jianqiu, W.; Jialin, Q. (Beijing Graduate School, Petroleum Univ., Beijing (CN))

    1989-01-01

    There have been continued efforts and new emergence in oil shale research in Chine since 1980. In this paper, the studies carried out in universities, academic, research and industrial laboratories in recent years are summarized. The research areas cover the chemical structure of kerogen; thermal behavior of oil shale; drying, pyrolysis and combustion of oil shale; shale oil upgrading; chemical utilization of oil shale; retorting waste water treatment and economic assessment.

  11. Oil Mill Operators 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    Natural gas and petroleum are non-renewable and scarce energy sources. Although, it is well known that hydrocarbon reserves are depleting through the years, oil and gas remain the principal source of energy upon which our ...

  12. Crude Oil Prices

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    19.11 18.73 18.63 17.97 18.75 18.10 See footnotes at end of table. 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual...

  13. Crude Oil Prices

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    20.86 20.67 20.47 20.24 20.32 19.57 See footnotes at end of table. 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual...

  14. Using Oils As Pesticides 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogran, Carlos E.; Ludwig, Scott; Metz, Bradley

    2006-10-30

    Petroleum and plant-derived spray oils show increasing potential for use as part of Integrated Pest Management systems for control of soft-bodied pests on fruit trees, shade trees, woody ornamentals and household plants. ...

  15. Oil Market Assessment

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2001-01-01

    Based on Energy Information Administration (EIA) contacts and trade press reports, overall U.S. and global oil supplies appear to have been minimally impacted by yesterday's terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon.

  16. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    that the income elasticity of U.S. petroleum demand hasincome growth over the period and 1.11 for 11 oil-exporting countries.. And it is the latter countries where petroleum

  17. Imbibition assisted oil recovery 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pashayev, Orkhan H.

    2004-11-15

    analyzed in detail to investigate oil recovery during spontaneous imbibition with different types of boundary conditions. The results of these studies have been upscaled to the field dimensions. The validity of the new definition of characteristic length...

  18. Process for preparing lubricating oil from used waste lubricating oil

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Whisman, Marvin L. (Bartlesville, OK); Reynolds, James W. (Bartlesville, OK); Goetzinger, John W. (Bartlesville, OK); Cotton, Faye O. (Bartlesville, OK)

    1978-01-01

    A re-refining process is described by which high-quality finished lubricating oils are prepared from used waste lubricating and crankcase oils. The used oils are stripped of water and low-boiling contaminants by vacuum distillation and then dissolved in a solvent of 1-butanol, 2-propanol and methylethyl ketone, which precipitates a sludge containing most of the solid and liquid contaminants, unspent additives, and oxidation products present in the used oil. After separating the purified oil-solvent mixture from the sludge and recovering the solvent for recycling, the purified oil is preferably fractional vacuum-distilled, forming lubricating oil distillate fractions which are then decolorized and deodorized to prepare blending stocks. The blending stocks are blended to obtain a lubricating oil base of appropriate viscosity before being mixed with an appropriate additive package to form the finished lubricating oil product.

  19. Oil/gas collector/separator for underwater oil leaks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA)

    1993-01-01

    An oil/gas collector/separator for recovery of oil leaking, for example, from an offshore or underwater oil well. The separator is floated over the point of the leak and tethered in place so as to receive oil/gas floating, or forced under pressure, toward the water surface from either a broken or leaking oil well casing, line, or sunken ship. The separator is provided with a downwardly extending skirt to contain the oil/gas which floats or is forced upward into a dome wherein the gas is separated from the oil/water, with the gas being flared (burned) at the top of the dome, and the oil is separated from water and pumped to a point of use. Since the density of oil is less than that of water it can be easily separated from any water entering the dome.

  20. Seismic stimulation for enhanced oil recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pride, S.R.

    2008-01-01

    aims to enhance oil production by sending seismic wavesbe expected to enhance oil production. INTRODUCTION The hopethe reservoir can cause oil production to increase. Quite

  1. WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN THE OIL SHALE INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, J.P.

    2010-01-01

    H. H. Peters, Shale Oil Waste Water Recovery by Evaporation,treatment of oil shale waste products. Consequently, bothmost difficult and costly oil shale waste stream requiring

  2. Water Heaters (Storage Oil) | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Oil) Water Heaters (Storage Oil) Water Heater, Storage Oil - v1.0.xlsx More Documents & Publications Water Heaters (Tankless Electric) Water Heaters (Storage Electric)...

  3. WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN THE OIL SHALE INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, J.P.

    2010-01-01

    during oil shale retorting: retort water and gas condensate.commercial oil shale plant, retort water and gas condensateunique to an oil shale retort water, gas condensate, and

  4. The Making and Un-Making of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge: A Case in Megaproject Planning and Decisionmaking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frick, Karen Trapenberg

    2005-01-01

    292. Alan Trachtenberg, Brooklyn Bridge: Fact and Symbol (1991. Trachtenberg, Alan. Brooklyn Bridge: Fact and Symbol.claims that the Brooklyn Bridge “…was an American version of

  5. Dynamics of Molecular Motors in Reversible Burnt-Bridge Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxim N. Artyomov; Alexander Yu. Morozov; Anatoly B. Kolomeisky

    2009-11-22

    Dynamic properties of molecular motors whose motion is powered by interactions with specific lattice bonds are studied theoretically with the help of discrete-state stochastic "burnt-bridge" models. Molecular motors are depicted as random walkers that can destroy or rebuild periodically distributed weak connections ("bridges") when crossing them, with probabilities $p_1$ and $p_2$ correspondingly. Dynamic properties, such as velocities and dispersions, are obtained in exact and explicit form for arbitrary values of parameters $p_1$ and $p_2$. For the unbiased random walker, reversible burning of the bridges results in a biased directed motion with a dynamic transition observed at very small concentrations of bridges. In the case of backward biased molecular motor its backward velocity is reduced and a reversal of the direction of motion is observed for some range of parameters. It is also found that the dispersion demonstrates a complex, non-monotonic behavior with large fluctuations for some set of parameters. Complex dynamics of the system is discussed by analyzing the behavior of the molecular motors near burned bridges.

  6. The Magellanic Bridge: The Nearest Purely Tidal Stellar Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jason Harris

    2006-12-04

    We report on observations of the stellar populations in twelve fields spanning the region between the Magellanic Clouds, made with the Mosaic-II camera on the 4-meter telescope at the Cerro-Tololo Inter-American Observatory. The two main goals of the observations are to characterize the young stellar population (which presumably formed in situ in the Bridge and therefore represents the nearest stellar population formed from tidal debris), and to search for an older stellar component (which would have been stripped from either Cloud as stars, by the same tidal forces which formed the gaseous Bridge). We determine the star-formation history of the young inter-Cloud population, which provides a constraint on the timing of the gravitational interaction which formed the Bridge. We do not detect an older stellar population belonging to the Bridge in any of our fields, implying that the material that was stripped from the Clouds to form the Magellanic Bridge was very nearly a pure gas.

  7. H2USA | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof Energy ServicesContracting Oversight CommitteeandEnergyPub.USA H2USA

  8. Vegetation stability and the habitat associations of the endemic taxa of the Olympic Peninsula, Washington, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavin, Daniel G.

    2015-01-01

    Olympic Peninsula, Washington (USA). Ecological Monographs,gradients, Olympic Peninsula, Washington, USA. Holocene, 15,forests, Olympic Peninsula, Washington, USA. Holocene, 11,

  9. Synthesis and characterization of bridged polysilsesquioxane-polydimethylisiloxane nanocomposites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loy, D.A.; Ulibarri, T.A.; Bates, S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others

    1995-12-31

    In order to further probe short chain and linkage effects in bimodal polymer networks, a new class of nanocomposites based on hydroxy terminated polydimethylsiloxanes as the long chain segments and alkylene or arylene bridged silsesquioxanes as the short chain segments was prepared. The materials were generated by tin-catalyzed coupling of the terminal hydroxy groups of the PDMS segments with bis(triethoxysilyl)arylene and alkylene monomers. The advantage of using the bridged silsesquioxane monomers is that the crosslinking sites are covalently attached to the short chain segments. This permits the final nanocomposite materials to be readily prepared by condensation of these short segments with the long PDMS segments. A number of different hydrocarbon bridged monomers can be used to determine the effect that the of short segment flexibility and length and the degree of crosslinking has on the final material properties.

  10. Porosity in hexylene-bridged polysilsesquioxanes: Effects of monomer concentration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baugher, B.; Loy, D.A.; Assink, R.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Prabakar, S. [Advanced Materials Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Shea, K.J.; Oviatt, H. [California Univ., Irvine, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

    1994-12-31

    Hexylene-bridged polysilsesquioxanes can be prepared as mesoporous or non-porous xerogels simply by switching from basic to acidic polymerization conditions. In this study, we looked at the effect of monomer concentration on porosity of hexylene-bridged xerogels prepared under acidic and basic conditions. 1, 6-Hexylene-bridged polysilsesquioxanes were prepared by sol-gel polymerizations of 1, 6-bis(triethoxysilyl)hexane 1 with concentrations between 0. 1 to 1.2 M in ethanol. Gelation times ranged from seconds for 1.2 M concentration to months for 0.2 M. The gels were processed into xerogels by an aqueous work-up and the dry gels characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), solid state {sup 13}C and {sup 29}Si CP MAS NMR spectroscopy, and gas sorption porosimetry.

  11. Origin of porosity in arylene-bridged polysilsesquioxanes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaefer, D.W.; Loy, D.A.; Ulibarri, T.A.; Black, E.; Buss, R.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Beaucage, G.B. [Univ. of Cincinnati, OH (United States). Materials Science and Engineering; Shea, K.J. [Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

    1996-12-31

    The authors investigate the porosity of a series of xerogels prepared from arylene-bridged silsesquioxane xerogels as a function of organic bridging group, condensation catalyst and post-synthesis plasma treatment to remove the organic functionalities. They conclude that porosity is controlled by polymer-solvent phase separation in the solution with no evidence of organic-inorganic phase separation. As the polymer grows and crosslinks, it becomes increasingly incompatible with the solvent and eventually microphase separates. The domain structure is controlled by a balance of network elasticity and non-bonding polymer-solvent interactions. The bridging organic groups serve to ameliorate polymer-solvent incompatibility. As a result, when the polymer does eventually phase separate, the rather tightly crosslinked network limits domain size to tens of angstroms, substantially smaller than that observed in xerogels obtained from purely inorganic precursors where incompatibility drives phase separation earlier in the gelation sequence.

  12. Oil and Gas Investor returns climb as oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arizona, University of

    Oil and Gas Investor returns climb as oil and gas drilling ventures succeed. www #12;Eng-Tips Forum Medical News Building/Construction · Engineers Advance Fuel Cell Technology · Micro

  13. Junho Chun* University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulino, Glaucio H.

    ://www.documentingreality.com Tacoma bridge, 1940 http://failuremag.com Structural systemCourtesy of Skidmore, Owing and Merrill, LLP

  14. Supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery: Sixth amendment and extension to Annex IV enhanced oil recovery thermal processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reid, T.B. (USDOE Bartlesville Project Office, OK (United States)); Rivas, O. (INTEVEP, Filial de Petroleos de Venezuela, SA, Caracas (Venezuela))

    1991-10-01

    This report contains the results of efforts under the six tasks of the Sixth Amendment and Extension of Annex 4, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Agreement. The report is presented in sections (for each of the 6 tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of efforts under each of the tasks. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 44 through 49. Tasks are: DOE-SUPRI-laboratory research on steam foam, CAT-SCAN, and in-situ combustion; INTEVEP-laboratory research and field projects on steam foam; DOE-NIPER-laboratory research and field projects light oil steam flooding; INTEVEP-laboratory research and field studies on wellbore heat losses; DOE-LLNL-laboratory research and field projects on electromagnetic induction tomography; INTEVEP-laoboratory research on mechanistic studies.

  15. Lasers as a Bridge between Atomic and Nuclear Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergei G. Matinyan

    1997-06-02

    This paper reviews the application of optical and UV laser radiation to several topics in low-energy nuclear physics. We consider the laser-induced nuclear anti-Stokes transitions, the laser-assisted and the laser-induced internal conversion, and the Electron Bridge and Inverse Electron Bridge mechanisms as tools for deexciting and exciting of low-lying nuclear isomeric states. A study of the anomalous, by low-lying, nuclear isomeric states (on an example of the $^{229}$Th nucleus) is presented in detail.

  16. Collective Molecular Dynamics of a Floating Water Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emilio Del Giudice; Elmar C. Fuchs; Giuseppe Vitiello

    2010-04-06

    When a high voltage is applied to pure water filling two beakers kept close to each other, a connection forms spontaneously, giving the impression of a floating water bridge. This phenomenon is of special interest, since it comprises a number of phenomena currently tackled in modern water science. The formation and the main properties of this floating water bridge are analyzed in the conceptual framework of quantum electrodynamics. The necessary conditions for the formation are investigated as well as the time evolution of the dynamics. The predictions are found in agreement with the observations.

  17. Rev. of The Great East River Bridge / 1883-1983

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Stuart

    1983-01-01

    lecturing and, they fear, people will fail to " s e e . " But the Brooklyn Bridge is an extraordinary document of a number of different things, and the design­ ers of this exhibition bravely decided not to shy away from telling more than one story... almost concludes that the Brooklyn Bridge caused analytical cubism, the "force l ines" in 20th-century American painters, even abstrac­ tion itself. The show is admirable for not talking down to its audience. Neither does the book (New York: Harry N...

  18. Norfolk, Virginia USA DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yaohang

    academic & research positions after graduation research digital library web science & Michael L. Nelson wwwNorfolk, Virginia USA #12;DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE http://www.cs.odu.edu 22 FACULTY MEMBERS 8 strategies Interactive assessment of reading strategies Use of games in tutoring #12;· web science, social

  19. IEEE Energy2030 Atlanta, GA USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    of an aggregation of battery vehicles for the provision of frequency regulation ­ requiring very fast response timesIEEE Energy2030 Atlanta, GA USA 17-18 November, 2008 Design of a Conceptual Framework for the V2G in common is the batteries, which provide good storage capacity that can be effectively integrated

  20. Used Oil and Filter Disposal Used Oil: Create a segregated storage area or container. Label the container "Waste Oil Only".

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroncelli, Mark

    the container "Waste Oil Only". Maintain a written log to document all amounts and types of oil addedUsed Oil and Filter Disposal Used Oil: Create a segregated storage area or container. Label to the container. No solvents, oil contaminated with solvents, PCBs, non-petroleum based oils, or any other

  1. The Cost of the Technological Sublime: Daring Ingenuity and the new San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frick, Karen Trapenberg

    2008-01-01

    Cruz. ‘Unity Towers East Bay Bridge‘, New East Span ProposalSubmitted to MTC Bay Bridge Design Task Force, 6 May.Francisco- Oakland Bay Bridge, T.Y. Lin International and

  2. International French-USA Workshop Toward Low Power Spintronic Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, Paul H.

    International French-USA Workshop Toward Low Power Spintronic Devices International French-USA Workshop Toward Low Power Spintronic DevicesToward Low Power Spintronic DevicesToward Low Power Spintronic

  3. International French-USA Workshop Toward Low Power Spintronic Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, Paul H.

    International French-USA Workshop Toward Low Power Spintronic Devices International French-USA Workshop Toward Low Power Spintronic Devices July 8th - 12th , 2013 La Jolla, CaliforniaJuly 8th - 12th

  4. Smeg USA: Order (2011-CE-14/1909)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Smeg USA, Inc. to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Smeg USA had failed to certify that certain models of dishwashers and refrigerators comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  5. DuraLamp USA: Order (2010-CE-0912)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered DuraLamp USA, Inc. to pay a $2,500 civil penalty after finding DuraLamp USA had failed to certify that model PAR 30, an incandescent reflector lamp, complies with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  6. Virent is Replacing Crude Oil

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Breakout Session 2A—Conversion Technologies II: Bio-Oils, Sugar Intermediates, Precursors, Distributed Models, and Refinery Co-Processing Virent is Replacing Crude Oil Randy Cortright, Founder & Chief Technology Officer, Virent

  7. Business cycles in oil economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Mutairi, N.H.

    1991-01-01

    This study examines the impact of oil price shocks on output fluctuations of several oil-exporting economies. In most studies of business cycles, the role of oil price is ignored; the few studies that use oil price as one of the variables in the system focus on modeling oil-importing economies. The vector autoregression (VAR) technique is used to consider the cases of Norway, Nigeria, and Mexico. Both atheoretical and structural' VARs are estimated to determine the importance of oil price impulses on output variations. The study reports two types of results: variance decomposition and impulse response functions, with particular emphasis on the issues of stationarity and co-integration among the series. The empirical results suggest that shocks to oil price are important in explaining output variations. In most cases, shocks to oil price are shown to explain more than 20% of the forecast variance of output over a 40-quarter horizon.

  8. Oil | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014DepartmentCouncilOffice of the ChiefResearchOil Oil For

  9. Oil and gas outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNatural GasEIARegionalMethodologyNorth093 *Oil andOil and

  10. Nineteenth oil shale symposium proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary, J.H.

    1986-01-01

    This book contains 23 selections. Some of the titles are: Effects of maturation on hydrocarbon recoveries from Canadian oil shale deposits; Dust and pressure generated during commercial oil shale mine blasting: Part II; The petrosix project in Brazil - An update; Pathway of some trace elements during fluidized-bed combustion of Israeli Oil Shale; and Decommissioning of the U.S. Department of Energy Anvil Points Oil Shale Research Facility.

  11. Inspection, Assessment, and Repair of Grouted Ducts in Post-tensioned Bridge 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Im, Seok Been

    2011-02-22

    Segmental post-tensioned (PT) bridges are major structures that carry significant traffic. Recent investigations of these bridges have identified voids in their ducts. and some of these exposed strands at these void locations are undergoing...

  12. Electrochemical characterization and time-variant structural reliability assessment of post-tensioned, segmental concrete bridges 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pillai Gopalakrishnan, Radhakris

    2010-07-14

    on PT bridges have reported the presence of voids, moisture, and chlorides inside grouted ducts as the major cause of accelerated corrosion of strands. Corrosion of the strands has resulted in PT bridge failures in Europe and tendon failures...

  13. 1. A 13-card bridge hand is selected at random from a standard 52 ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-07-31

    Solution: Let S denote the set of all bridge hands, |S| = (52. 13. ). Let E denote the set of bridge hands with 5 cards in one suite, 4 cards in two suites, and one ...

  14. DOE Publishes 20K Hour Testing Results for 2008 GATEWAY Bridge...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    20K Hour Testing Results for 2008 GATEWAY Bridge Installation DOE Publishes 20K Hour Testing Results for 2008 GATEWAY Bridge Installation October 9, 2014 - 12:00pm Addthis The U.S....

  15. Use of CFRP Overlays to Repair Fatigue Damage in Steel Bridge Girders and Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gangel, Regan Elisabeth

    2012-05-31

    Fatigue damage in steel girder bridges built prior to the mid-1980s is common due to distortion-induced fatigue. Different repair techniques have been developed and implemented to retrofit bridges of this era with existing ...

  16. An Analytical Evaluation of Distortion-Induced Fatigue in Steel Bridges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassel, Heidi L.

    2011-02-04

    Multi-girder steel bridges designed prior to the mid-1980's, have developed cracks due to distortion-induced fatigue. An analytical evaluation was conducted to better understand the effects of bridge configurations and ...

  17. Nonlinear seismic response of Mexican bridges with base isolation accounting for soil structure interaction effects 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmos Navarrete, Bertha Alejandra

    2009-05-15

    A parametric analysis of typical base isolated bridges was conducted. The bridges were located in different soil types and were subjected to three different earthquakes (recorded on soft and medium soils). The work had two ...

  18. Evaluation of Multiple Corrosion Protection Systems for Reinforced Concrete Bridge Decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Draper, Jason Leigh

    2009-12-09

    Chloride-induced corrosion is one of the leading causes of premature serviceability failure in reinforced concrete bridge decks. In an effort to mitigate the effect of corrosion on the longevity of concrete bridge decks, several corrosion protection...

  19. CEE 812 Structural Engineering Seminar Series DMC Heart Hospital Pedestrian Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    CEE 812 ­ Structural Engineering Seminar Series DMC Heart Hospital Pedestrian Bridge by Carrie of the pedestrian bridge truss HSS connections for design and fabrication. It will further explore the challenges

  20. Alternative designs of pier-scour protection for the Gupo and Subway Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    Alternative designs of pier-scour protection for the Gupo and Subway Bridge on the Lower Nakdong.1 Alternative plans for the Gupo Bridge piers........................................................... 17 5.2 Alternative plan III

  1. Extreme Hurricane Surge Estimation for Texas Coastal Bridges Using Dimensionless Surge Response Functions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Youn Kyung

    2010-10-12

    Since the devastating hurricane seasons of 2004, 2005, and 2008, the stability and serviceability of coastal bridges during and following hurricane events have become a main public concern. Twenty coastal bridges, critical for hurricane evacuation...

  2. Oil Conservation Division Environmental Bureau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oil Conservation Division Environmental Bureau Brine Well Collapse Evaluation Report June 18, 2009 Prukop of the Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department (EMNRD) ordered the Oil Conservation directed OCD to work with the Environmental Protection Agency, other states, technical experts, and oil

  3. Hypocholesterolemic Effects of Marine Oils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hypocholesterolemic Effects of Marine Oils UNITED STATES DEPART MENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH FISHERIES, H. E. Crowther, Director Hypocholesterolemic Effects of Marine Oils By JAMES J. PEIFER Excerpt from Chapter 23 of the book, "Fish Oils,·· M. E. Stansby, editor Avi Publishing Company, Westport

  4. OIL ANALYSIS LAB TRIVECTOR ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OIL ANALYSIS LAB TRIVECTOR ANALYSIS This test method is a good routine test for the overall condition of the oil, the cleanliness, and can indicate the presence of wear metals that could be coming of magnetic metal particles within the oil. This may represent metals being worn from components (i

  5. Oil shale: Technology status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-10-01

    This report documents the status of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Oil Shale Program as of the end of FY 86. The report consists of (1) a status of oil shale development, (2) a description of the DOE Oil Shale Program, (3) an FY 86 oil shale research summary, and (4) a summary of FY 86 accomplishments. Discoveries were made in FY 86 about the physical and chemical properties and behavior of oil shales, process chemistry and kinetics, in situ retorting, advanced processes, and the environmental behavior and fate of wastes. The DOE Oil Shale Program shows an increasing emphasis on eastern US oil shales and in the development of advanced oil shale processing concepts. With the award to Foster Wheeler for the design of oil shale conceptual plants, the first step in the development of a systems analysis capability for the complete oil shale process has been taken. Unocal's Parachute Creek project, the only commercial oil shale plant operating in the United States, is operating at about 4000 bbl/day. The shale oil is upgraded at Parachute Creek for input to a conventional refinery. 67 refs., 21 figs., 3 tabs.

  6. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    s ability to use oil wealth to finance its expenditures.Finance Bribes paid to SOCAR officials Bribes through agents to Sonangol, Iraqi oilFinance Act, and in the United States the effective tax rate is 16.7% for shallow-water oil

  7. Guidelines for Transportation, Handling, and Use of Fast Pyrolysis Bio-Oil. Part 1. Flammability and Toxicity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oasmaa, Anja; Kalli, Anssi; Lindfors, Christian; Elliott, Douglas C.; Springer, David L.; Peacocke, Cordner; Chiaramonti, David

    2012-05-04

    An alternative sustainable fuel, biomass-derived fast pyrolysis oil or 'bio-oil', is coming into the market. Fast pyrolysis pilot and demonstration plants for fuel applications producing tonnes of bio-oil are in operation, and commercial plants are under design. There will be increasingly larger amounts of bio-oil transportation on water and by land, leading to a need for specifications and supporting documentation. Bio-oil is different from conventional liquid fuels, and therefore must overcome both technical and marketing hurdles for its acceptability in the fuels market. A comprehensive Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is required, backed with independent testing and certification. In order to standardise bio-oil quality specifications are needed. The first bio-oil burner fuel standard in ASTM (D7544) was approved in 2009. CEN standardisation has been initiated in Europe. In the EU a new chemical regulation system, REACH (Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals) is being applied. Registration under REACH has to be made if bio-oil is produced or imported to the EU. In the USA and Canada, bio-oil has to be filed under TOSCA (US Toxic Substances Control Act). In this paper the state of the art on standardisation is discussed, and new data for the transportation guidelines is presented. The focus is on flammability and toxicity.

  8. 12th Annual Bridging Partnerships Small Business Symposium

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization and the Hanford Small Business Council, the 12th Annual Bridging Partnerships Small Business Symposium is an opportunity to meet and network business peers, government officials and stakeholders. The Symposium includes breakout sessions, networking availabilities and a business opportunity expo.

  9. Bridging By Design: The Curation and Management of Digital Assets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oard, Doug

    Bridging By Design: The Curation and Management of Digital Assets Specialization at the University on instruction in the creation, management and use, long-term preservation, and access to digital assets the effective curation and management of digital assets in the public, private, and not-for- profit sectors

  10. Plastic Hinging Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Bridge Columns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firat Alemdar, Zeynep

    2010-04-27

    of the seismic performance of four-span large-scale bridge systems at the University of Nevada Reno that details deformations in column hinging regions during response to strong shaking events. In order to evaluate the plastic hinging regions, a photogrammetric...

  11. Vincent Thomas Bridge Vibration Debasis Karmakar, Ho Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    detailed model First mode of the detailed model has pretty good match with the system ID results EvaluationVincent Thomas Bridge Vibration Debasis Karmakar, Ho Lee Faculty Advisor: Prof. Masanobu Shinozuka: Caltrans Structural Modifications Damper First mode is little bit stiffer in case of simple model than

  12. Bridging Relational Database History and the Web: the XML Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaniolo, Carlo

    Bridging Relational Database History and the Web: the XML Approach Fusheng Wang Integrated Data and queries, and make it easy to pub- lish database history to the Web. In this paper, we focus on the problem of preserving, publishing, and querying ef- ficiently the history of a relational database. Past research

  13. Comment on `Nanoscale water capillary bridges under deeply negative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balibar, Sébastien

    saturated vapor pressure Psat. Because of the cohesion forces between particles, the pressure can evenComment on `Nanoscale water capillary bridges under deeply negative pressure' [Chem. Phys. Lett micro- scope tip and a silicon wafer. They deduced the pressure of liquid water inside the capillary

  14. Herbig Ae/Be Stars in the Magellanic Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shogo Nishiyama; Yasuaki Haba; Daisuke Kato; Daisuke Baba; Hirofumi Hatano; Motohide Tamura; Yasushi Nakajima; Akika Ishihara; Tetsuya Nagata; Koji Sugitani; Noriyuki Matsunaga; Hinako Fukushi; Nobuhiko Kusakabe; Shuji Sato

    2007-02-20

    We have found Herbig Ae/Be star candidates in the western region of the Magellanic Bridge. Using the near infrared camera SIRIUS and the 1.4 m telescope IRSF, we surveyed about 3.0 deg x 1.3 deg (24 deg Bridge, we estimate that about 80 (about 40%) of the candidates are likely to be Herbig Ae/Be stars. We also found one concentration of the candidates at the young star cluster NGC 796, strongly suggesting the existence of pre-main-sequence (PMS) stars in the Magellanic Bridge. This is the first detection of PMS star candidates in the Magellanic Bridge, and if they are genuine PMS stars, this could be direct evidence of recent star formation. However, the estimate of the number of Herbig Ae/Be stars depends on the fraction of classical Be stars, and thus a more precise determination of the Be star fraction or observations to differentiate between the Herbig Ae/Be stars and classical Be stars are required.

  15. PERFORMANCE OF BRIDGE TIMBER TIES UNDER STATIC AND DYNAMIC LOADING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sections machined from the same timber ties. Material properties of timber were obtained using bending and Rizkalla, 1990). The ties were standard bridge ties, 255 mm x 304 mm (10 in x 12 in) in cross-section x 3 halfway between ties #4 and #5 at the center of the 6 m rail segment, as shown in Figure 1. The load

  16. BEHAVIOR OF BRIDGE DECKS REINFORCED WITH MMFX STEEL HATEM SELIEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    steel in bridge decks. The paper also presents the effects bending MMFX steel bars on their tensile, Corrosion, High-Strength Steel, MMFX, Flexure, Punching Shear. ABSTRACT This paper describes the behavior reinforcement. In addition, for the new steel to be accepted as transverse reinforcement, the effects of bending

  17. Fracture Toughness of MDF and other Materials with Fiber Bridging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nairn, John A.

    Fracture Toughness of MDF and other Materials with Fiber Bridging Noah Matsumoto and John A. Nairn* ABSTRACT We measured the fracture toughness of MDF panels with two different densities by using crack propagation experiments and energy-based fracture mechanics. The two challenges were to identify the energy

  18. Cycling firing method for bypass operation of bridge converters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zabar, Zivan (99-72 66th Rd., Apt. 9N, Forest Hills, NY 11375)

    1982-01-01

    The bridge converter comprises a number of switching elements and an electronic logic system which regulated the electric power levels by controlling the firing, i.e., the initiation of the conduction period of the switching elements. Cyclic firing of said elements allows the direct current to bypass the alternating current system with high power factor and negligible losses.

  19. SEISMIC DESIGN PROVISIONS -THE CANADIAN HIGHWAY BRIDGE DESIGN CODE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruneau, Michel

    in the 1994 American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Load and Resistance Factor Code in the 1994 American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Load and Resistance Factor CodeSEISMIC DESIGN PROVISIONS - THE CANADIAN HIGHWAY BRIDGE DESIGN CODE Denis MITCHELL Mc

  20. The bump at the end of the bridge: an investigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seo, Jeong Bok

    2005-02-17

    for 18 Houston sites were conducted. Based on the results, two bridge sites in Houston, Texas, were selected for detailed investigation. An extensive series of laboratory and field tests were performed at each site. The main causes of bump at two study...

  1. Inspection of Historic Steel Bridges Using Ultrasonic Phased Array 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roldan Arcos, Alejandra L

    2014-01-16

    The use of ultrasonic phased array (UPA) technology for inspection of the trunnion bearing pin of the 100-year old Salmon Bay Bascule Bridge is the focus of this research. To thoroughly investigate the bearing pin, two main objectives are addressed...

  2. ASSESSMENT OF LIVESTOCK WINTERING AREAS IN BRIDGE CREEK BASIN, 1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Agricultural Practice for Waste Management... 6 3.0 ASSESSMENT RESULTS................................... 7 3 with the environmental guidelines of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (1992) and the Code of Agricultural Practice for Waste Management (Waste Management Act, Health Act, 1992). Bridge Creek drains a 1,550 km area

  3. A Theoretical Structural Impairment Detection System for Timber Railway Bridges 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orsak, John

    2012-07-16

    , finite element model created in LS-DYNA. Traversing axle loads were imposed on the models. The results obtained from the model were the wheel paths the axles take as they traverse the bridge. The paths were expressed as vertical displacements as a...

  4. PENNY--SHAPED CRACK BRIDGED BY N.V. Movchan,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bath, University of

    PENNY--SHAPED CRACK BRIDGED BY FIBRES N.V. Movchan, School of Mathematical Sciences, University and Theoretical Physics, Silver Street, Cambridge, CB3 9EW, U.K. Abstract An axi--symmetric problem for a penny traction distribution. In the present paper we deal only with the second step, namely we consider a penny

  5. DRAFT San Acacia Reach San Acacia Dam to Escondida Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    DRAFT San Acacia Reach San Acacia Dam to Escondida Bridge Hydraulic Modeling Analysis 1918, hydraulic modeling analyses have been performed on the San Acacia reach to determine the changes by Reclamation on the San Acacia reach. The 11.6 mile long extends from the San Acacia Diversion dam (River Mile

  6. San Acacia Reach San Acacia Dam to Escondida Bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    San Acacia Reach San Acacia Dam to Escondida Bridge Hydraulic Modeling Analysis 1918-2006 Middle, hydraulic modeling analyses have been performed on the San Acacia reach to determine the changes by Reclamation on the San Acacia reach. The 11.6 mile long reach extends from the San Acacia Diversion dam (River

  7. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. )

    1989-09-01

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  8. Production of Shale Oil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loper, R. D.

    1982-01-01

    part of 40% share up to a maximum of $1.1 billion. North of these two projects are the two prot Federal lease projects in Colorado -- the we most operated by the Rio Blanco Shale Oil Co a limited partnership between Amoco and Gulf Their early...

  9. Dying for oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sachs, A.

    1996-05-01

    This article discusses the fight and execution of Ken Saro-Wiwa, the Ogoni leader who defended his people`s land on the Niger delta against oil development encouraged by the government and persued by the Royal/Dutch Shell Co. Political reprocussions and heightened vigilance of environmental activists are discussed at length.

  10. World Oil Transit Chokepoints

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2012-01-01

    Chokepoints are narrow channels along widely used global sea routes, some so narrow that restrictions are placed on the size of vessel that can navigate through them. They are a critical part of global energy security due to the high volume of oil traded through their narrow straits.

  11. Structural Oil Pan With Integrated Oil Filtration And Cooling System

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Freese, V, Charles Edwin (Westland, MI)

    2000-05-09

    An oil pan for an internal combustion engine includes a body defining a reservoir for collecting engine coolant. The reservoir has a bottom and side walls extending upwardly from the bottom to present a flanged lip through which the oil pan may be mounted to the engine. An oil cooler assembly is housed within the body of the oil pan for cooling lubricant received from the engine. The body includes an oil inlet passage formed integrally therewith for receiving lubricant from the engine and delivering lubricant to the oil cooler. In addition, the body also includes an oil pick up passage formed integrally therewith for providing fluid communication between the reservoir and the engine through the flanged lip.

  12. Energy Policy 34 (2006) 515531 Have we run out of oil yet? Oil peaking analysis from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    of conventional oil production from an optimist's perspective. Is the oil peak imminent? What is the range oil production, geological constraints on the rates at which oil can be produced are not represented. Unconventional oil is chosen because production from Venezuela's heavy-oil fields and Canada's Athabascan oil

  13. HEADINGLEY "SMART" BRIDGE A NEW GENERATION OF CIVIL ENGINEERI[,;G

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HEADINGLEY "SMART" BRIDGE A NEW GENERATION OF CIVIL ENGINEERI[,;G STRUCTURES by Dr. Sami Rizkalla. INTRODUCTION The Province ofManitoba accepted the challenge to construCt the largest span bridge prestressed reinforced by glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) reinforcements. The bridge is instrumented \\vith fibre

  14. LARGE TORSIONAL OSCILLATIONS IN A SUSPENSION BRIDGE: MULTIPLE PERIODIC SOLUTIONS TO A NONLINEAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Kristen

    of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge, we solve the damped equation numerically and observe that multiple periodic the dramatic and finally destructive torsional oscillations of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge that preceded its observed on the Tacoma Narrows and other suspension bridges. Theoretical and numerical evidence to support

  15. Improved Understanding of Bimodal Coupled Bridge Flutter Based on Closed-Form Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xinzhong

    concerns in the design and construction of long span bridges. Since the collapse of the Tacoma NarrowsImproved Understanding of Bimodal Coupled Bridge Flutter Based on Closed-Form Solutions Xinzhong Chen1 Abstract: Analysis of an aeroelastic bridge system consisting of the fundamental vertical

  16. Resistive Bridge Fault Modeling,Simulationand Test Generation Vijay R. Sar-Dessai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Duncan M. "Hank"

    Resistive Bridge Fault Modeling,Simulationand Test Generation Vijay R. Sar-Dessai Intel Corporation.sar-dessai@intel.com Abstract In this work' we develop models of resistive bridging faults and study thefault coverage on ISCAS85 circuits of different test sets using resistive and zero-ohm bridges at different supply voltages

  17. Bridge mediated two-electron transfer reactions: On the influence of intersite Coulomb interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Röder, Beate

    Bridge mediated two-electron transfer reactions: On the influence of intersite Coulomb interactions 17 June 2004 Donor-acceptor two-electron transfer TET mediated by a linear molecular bridge of a strong electronic intersite coupling within the bridge and against the background of fast vibrational

  18. Controlled Rocking System for Seismic Retrofit of Steel Truss Bridge Piers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruneau, Michel

    1 Controlled Rocking System for Seismic Retrofit of Steel Truss Bridge Piers Michael Pollino1 and Michel Bruneau2 ABSTRACT In assessments of the seismic adequacy of existing steel bridges, the steel, especially for bridges deemed critical for response and recovery efforts following an earthquake. While

  19. An Adaptation of ProofPlanning to Declarer Play in Bridge ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basin, David

    An Adaptation of Proof­Planning to Declarer Play in Bridge ? Ian Frank David Basin Alan Bundy Department of Artificial Intelligence University of Edinburgh 80 South Bridge Edinburgh EH1 1HN Scotland Abstract. We present Finesse, a system that forms optimal plans for declarer play in the game of Bridge

  20. An FPGA Bridge Preserving Traffic Quality of Service for On-Chip Network-Based Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An FPGA Bridge Preserving Traffic Quality of Service for On-Chip Network-Based Systems Ashkan with their own NoC, and each of which is implemented on a separate FPGA board. Multiple SoC ASICs can be bridged the required quality of service (QoS). In this paper, we investigate bridging schemes at different levels

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION Bridge engineering is not only about designing but also includes "looking after" and maintain-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1. INTRODUCTION Bridge engineering is not only about designing but also includes "looking after" and maintain- ing the service-life of bridges. In the UK, after a period of relative neglect in the 1970s there was a growing awareness of the necessity to safeguard and maintain the stock of bridges as part of the national

  2. The Brownian Bridge Asymptotics in the Subcritical Phase of Bernoulli Bond Percolation Model.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kovchegov, Yevgeniy

    The Brownian Bridge Asymptotics in the Subcritical Phase of Bernoulli Bond Percolation Model)-dimensional Brownian bridge. 1 1 Introduction. In this paper we describe the limiting structure of a bond presented in [9] and [11]. We will also recall the definition of Brownian bridge. The result

  3. SHIFT INVARIANCE OF THE OCCUPATION TIME OF THE BROWNIAN BRIDGE PROCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Peter

    SHIFT INVARIANCE OF THE OCCUPATION TIME OF THE BROWNIAN BRIDGE PROCESS Peter Howard and Kevin of a one-dimensional Brownian bridge process on any Lebesgue measurable set between the initial and nal states of the bridge is shown to be invariant under translation and re ection, so long as the translation

  4. Bridge--The New Blackwell Compaion to the City Gentrification of the City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M Bridge--The New Blackwell Compaion to the City Chapter 50 Gentrification of the City Tom Slater, The New Blackwell Companion to the City Edited by Gary Bridge and Sophie Watson © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd c50.indd 571 11/5/2010 8:49:43 PM #12;M Bridge--The New Blackwell Compaion to the City 572 Tom

  5. Analysis of Long Span Bridge Response to Winds: Building Nexus between Flutter and Buffeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xinzhong

    Analysis of Long Span Bridge Response to Winds: Building Nexus between Flutter and Buffeting Xinzhong Chen1 Abstract: In current bridge aeroelastic analysis frameworks, predictions of flutter the self-excited forces influence bridge dynamics, especially the modal damping, and eventually drive

  6. Resistive Bridge Fault Model Evolution From Conventional to Ultra Deep Submicron Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polian, Ilia

    Resistive Bridge Fault Model Evolution From Conventional to Ultra Deep Submicron Technologies Ilia three resistive bridging fault models valid for dif- ferent CMOS technologies. The models. The second model is obtained by fitting SPICE data. The third resistive bridging fault model uses Berkeley

  7. Bridge Damage and Repair Costs from Hurricane Katrina Jamie Padgett1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padgett, Jamie Ellen

    Bridge Damage and Repair Costs from Hurricane Katrina Jamie Padgett1 ; Reginald DesRoches2 ; Bryant to repair or replace the bridges damaged during the hurricane is estimated at over $1 billion. This paper describes the observed damage patterns to bridges, including damage attributed to storm surge, wind, impact

  8. Role of the Salt-bridge between Switch-1 and Switch-2 of Dictyostelium Myosin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manstein, Dietmar J.

    Role of the Salt-bridge between Switch-1 and Switch-2 of Dictyostelium Myosin Marcus Furch1-phosphate. The closed form seems to be necessary for hydrolysis and is stabilised by the formation of a salt-bridge between an arginine residue in N2 and a glutamate residue in N3. We examined the role of this salt-bridge

  9. Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 97, 343356, 2009 EMPIRICAL FORMULATION OF BRIDGE INDUC-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akin, Tayfun

    Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 97, 343­356, 2009 EMPIRICAL FORMULATION OF BRIDGE INDUC Ankara, Turkey Abstract--This paper presents a substrate independent empirical formulation for the bridge and meanders to the bridges, allowing the tuning of the isolation band of the switch from the X-band to the mm

  10. The Azine Bridge as a Conjugation Stopper: An NMR Spectroscopic Study of Electron Delocalization in Acetophenone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Michael

    The Azine Bridge as a Conjugation Stopper: An NMR Spectroscopic Study of Electron Delocalization that the azine bridge is a conjugation stopper. This hypothesis has now been tested in detail, and 1 H and 13 C bridge largely inhibits through-conjugation in molecules with the general structure DPh

  11. Effective bridge spectral density for long-range biological energy and charge transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukamel, Shaul

    Effective bridge spectral density for long-range biological energy and charge transfer Oliver Ku of intermediate bridge sites in energy and charge transfer processes in molecular aggregates of arbitrary size analysis for a donor­acceptor system coupled through a single bridge molecule are presented. © 1996

  12. 2014-2016 BRIDGE TO THE DOCTORATE APPLICATION FORM UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND, COLLEGE PARK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruner, Daniel S.

    2014-2016 BRIDGE TO THE DOCTORATE APPLICATION FORM UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND, COLLEGE PARK Alliances for Minority Participation (LSAMP) Bridge to the Doctorate program. The BD program seeks. The Bridge to the Doctorate Program can assist you in this endeavor by providing financial and academic

  13. The SL(2, C) Casson invariant for Dehn surgeries on two-bridge knots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boden, Hans U.

    The SL(2, C) Casson invariant for Dehn surgeries on two-bridge knots HANS U. BODEN CYNTHIA L surgery along two-bridge knots. Using the results of Hatcher and Thurston, and also results of Ohtsuki, we on a hyperbolic two-bridge knot. We relate the formulas derived to degrees of A- polynomials and use

  14. Bridge mediated two-electron transfer reactions: Analysis of stepwise and concerted pathways

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Röder, Beate

    Bridge mediated two-electron transfer reactions: Analysis of stepwise and concerted pathways E. G-electron transfer TET mediated by a single regular bridge (B) is developed. The presence of different intermediate-exponential kinetics becomes possible. For the latter case the rate KTET is calculated, which describes the bridge

  15. 2015 Bioenergy Summer Bridge Fellowship Applica;on Please type or print all informa0on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    2015 Bioenergy Summer Bridge Fellowship Applica;on Please type or print all community; · Why you want to be a Bioenergy Summer Bridge student and what you will become a role model for future Bioenergy Summer Bridge students. Le=er B

  16. A Vervaat-like path transformation for the re ected Brownian bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henri Poincaré -Nancy-Université, Université

    A Vervaat-like path transformation for the re ected Brownian bridge conditioned on its local time transformation for the re ected Brownian bridge conditioned on its local time at 0: up to random shifts, this process equals the two processes constructed from a Brownian bridge and a Brownian excursion by adding

  17. TRANSLATIONAL BRIDGE PROGRAM FUND Fostering Translational Collaborations between Basic Scientists and Clinicians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chisholm, Rex L.

    TRANSLATIONAL BRIDGE PROGRAM FUND Fostering Translational Collaborations between Basic Scientists- impact research efforts. We are launching the Bridge Program to blaze a new path not only for oncology sciences and clinical medicine. We are seeking philanthropic support to create a dedicated Bridge Program

  18. SHIFT INVARIANCE OF THE OCCUPATION TIME OF THE BROWNIAN BRIDGE PROCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zumbrun, Kevin

    SHIFT INVARIANCE OF THE OCCUPATION TIME OF THE BROWNIAN BRIDGE PROCESS Peter Howard and Kevin time of a one­dimensional Brownian bridge process on any Lebesgue measurable set between the initial and final states of the bridge is shown to be invariant under translation and reflection, so long

  19. CAMPARE and Cal-Bridge: Promo5ng Astronomy & Physics for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudolph, Alexander L.

    CAMPARE and Cal-Bridge: Promo5ng Astronomy & Physics for Underrepresented Colloquium UC Berkeley October 16, 2014 #12;Why CAMPARE and Cal-Bridge? · "Li% United States Hispanic 17% 31% #12;Why CAMPARE and Cal-Bridge? · "LiQle progress has been

  20. Smart Control of a Geothermally Heated Bridge Deck Stephen C. Jenks (o) 580-767-4374

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    " control system designed for a geothermal bridge deck heating system. The control system integrates acceptable, and environmentally compatible Smart Bridge systems to enhance the nation's highway system safetyJenks 1 Smart Control of a Geothermally Heated Bridge Deck Stephen C. Jenks (o) 580-767-4374 Conoco

  1. Dialkylenecarbonate-Bridged Polysilsesquioxanes. Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Sol-Gels with a Thermally Labile Bridging Group

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Assink, Roger A.; Baugher, Brigitta M.; Beach, James V.; Loy, Douglas A.; Shea, Kenneth J.; Small, James H.; Tran, Joseph

    1999-07-20

    In this paper, we introduce a new approach for altering the properties of bridged polysilsesquioxane xerogels using post-processing mobilization of the polymeric network. The bridging organic group contains latent functionalities that can be liberated thermally, photochemically, or by chemical means after the gel has been processed to a xerogel. These modifications can produce changes in density, volubility, porosity, and or chemical properties of the material. Since every monomer possesses two latent functional groups, the technique allows for the introduction of high levels of functionality in hybrid organic-inorganic materials. Dialkylenecarbonate-bridged polysilsesquioxane gels were prepared by the sol-gel polymerization of bis(triethoxysilylpropyl)carbonate (1) and bis(triethoxysilylisobutyl)-carbonate (2). Thermal treatment of the resulting non-porous xerogels and aerogels at 300-350 C resulted in quantitative decarboxylation of the dialkylenecarbonate bridging groups to give new hydroxyalkyl and olefinic substituted polysilsesquioxane monolithic xerogels and aerogels that can not be directly prepared through direct sol-gel polymerization of organotrialkoxysilanes.

  2. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01

    bution of the impacts of oil production and consumption. Theof harmful effects from oil production and use. A criticaland procedural impacts of oil production and consumption

  3. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01

    of the impacts of oil production and consumption. The reviewimpacts of oil production and consumption conclude theincreased oil production and consumption. But how well do

  4. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01

    AND SOCIAL IMPACTS OF OIL product, product that does notthe quantity of oil products that escapes from pipelines. ”transport of crude oil and petroleum products accounted for

  5. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01

    VII. IMPACTS OF OIL CONSUMPTION . . . . . . .and the location of oil consumption necessitates that crudere?neries. VII. IMPACTS OF OIL CONSUMPTION The combustion of

  6. Building Bridges: IT and Audio | Shure Blog http://blog.shure.com/shure-notes/building-bridges-it-and-audio/[9/24/2014 11:33:57 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    Building Bridges: IT and Audio | Shure Blog http://blog.shure.com/shure-notes/building-bridges-it-and-audio/[9/24/2014 11:33:57 AM] News Shure Notes Mic CheckBLOG Recent Posts 5 Things To Know A 09 | Shure Blog http://blog.shure.com/shure-notes/building-bridges-it-and-audio/[9/24/2014 11:33:57 AM

  7. Scheuten Solar USA Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onRAPID/Geothermal/Exploration/ColoradoRemsenburg-Speonk,SageScheuco International Jump to: navigation, searchUSA Inc Jump

  8. Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2006-09-15

    World oil use is projected to grow to 98 million b/d in 2015 and 118 million b/d in 2030. Total world natural gas consumption is projected to rise to 134 Tcf in 2015 and 182 Tcf in 2030. In an era of declining production and increasing demand, economically producing oil and gas from unconventional sources is a key challenge to maintaining global economic growth. Some unconventional hydrocarbon sources are already being developed, including gas shales, tight gas sands, heavy oil, oil sands, and coal bed methane. Roughly 20 years ago, gas production from tight sands, shales, and coals was considered uneconomic. Today, these resources provide 25% of the U.S. gas supply and that number is likely to increase. Venezuela has over 300 billion barrels of unproven extra-heavy oil reserves which would give it the largest reserves of any country in the world. It is currently producing over 550,000 b/d of heavy oil. Unconventional oil is also being produced in Canada from the Athabasca oil sands. 1.6 trillion barrels of oil are locked in the sands of which 175 billion barrels are proven reserves that can be recovered using current technology. Production from 29 companies now operating there exceeds 1 million barrels per day. The report provides an overview of continuous petroleum sources and gives a concise overview of the current status of varying types of unconventional oil and gas resources. Topics covered in the report include: an overview of the history of Oil and Natural Gas; an analysis of the Oil and Natural Gas industries, including current and future production, consumption, and reserves; a detailed description of the different types of unconventional oil and gas resources; an analysis of the key business factors that are driving the increased interest in unconventional resources; an analysis of the barriers that are hindering the development of unconventional resources; profiles of key producing regions; and, profiles of key unconventional oil and gas producers.

  9. Development and testing of a low-maintenance, energy-absorbing bridge rail 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cain, John Craig

    1985-01-01

    vehicle leaves the flow of traffic and strikes a bridge rail. The second concern is for the safety of the maintenance workers who must repair bridge rail damage following a collision. Third, the increasing cost of maintaining br idge decks and rails... during a more severe collision. Furthermore, the new bridge rail is designed to fit either new or existing standard bridge decks. Following development of the new bridge rail, two full-scale vehicle crash-tests were performed at the TTI Research...

  10. Method of controlling switching of a multiphase inductor-converter bridge

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kustom, Robert L. (Palos Heights, IL); Fuja, Raymond E. (Justice, IL)

    1981-01-01

    In an inductor-convertor circuit for transferring electrical energy between a storage coil and a load coil using a storage thyristor bridge, a load thyristor bridge, and a set of commutating capacitors, operation is improved by a method of changing the rate of delivery of energy in a given direction. The change in rate corresponds to a predetermined change in phase angle between the load bridge and the storage bridge and comprises changing the phase of the bridge by two steps, each equal to half the predetermined change and occurring 180.degree. apart. The method assures commutation and minimizes imbalances that lead otherwise to overvoltages.

  11. Dynamics of the Oil Transition: Modeling Capacity, Costs, and Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandt, Adam R.; Farrell, Alexander E.

    2008-01-01

    EOR continues to unlock oil resources. Oil & Gas Journal, [of conventional oil resource availability. Estimates ofthe tar sands and heavy oil resource in Figure 10. Note that

  12. Successful Sequestration and Enhanced Oil Recovery Project Could...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Successful Sequestration and Enhanced Oil Recovery Project Could Mean More Oil and Less CO2 Emissions Successful Sequestration and Enhanced Oil Recovery Project Could Mean More Oil...

  13. Shale oil recovery process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zerga, Daniel P. (Concord, CA)

    1980-01-01

    A process of producing within a subterranean oil shale deposit a retort chamber containing permeable fragmented material wherein a series of explosive charges are emplaced in the deposit in a particular configuration comprising an initiating round which functions to produce an upward flexure of the overburden and to initiate fragmentation of the oil shale within the area of the retort chamber to be formed, the initiating round being followed in a predetermined time sequence by retreating lines of emplaced charges developing further fragmentation within the retort zone and continued lateral upward flexure of the overburden. The initiating round is characterized by a plurality of 5-spot patterns and the retreating lines of charges are positioned and fired along zigzag lines generally forming retreating rows of W's. Particular time delays in the firing of successive charges are disclosed.

  14. Oil shale retort apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reeves, Adam A. (Grand Junction, CO); Mast, Earl L. (Norman, OK); Greaves, Melvin J. (Littleton, CO)

    1990-01-01

    A retorting apparatus including a vertical kiln and a plurality of tubes for delivering rock to the top of the kiln and removal of processed rock from the bottom of the kiln so that the rock descends through the kiln as a moving bed. Distributors are provided for delivering gas to the kiln to effect heating of the rock and to disturb the rock particles during their descent. The distributors are constructed and disposed to deliver gas uniformly to the kiln and to withstand and overcome adverse conditions resulting from heat and from the descending rock. The rock delivery tubes are geometrically sized, spaced and positioned so as to deliver the shale uniformly into the kiln and form symmetrically disposed generally vertical paths, or "rock chimneys", through the descending shale which offer least resistance to upward flow of gas. When retorting oil shale, a delineated collection chamber near the top of the kiln collects gas and entrained oil mist rising through the kiln.

  15. Tungsten bridge for the low energy ignition of explosive and energetic materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benson, D.A.; Bickes, R.W. Jr.; Blewer, R.S.

    1990-12-11

    A tungsten bridge device for the low energy ignition of explosive and energetic materials is disclosed. The device is fabricated on a silicon-on-sapphire substrate which has an insulating bridge element defined therein using standard integrated circuit fabrication techniques. Then, a thin layer of tungsten is selectively deposited on the silicon bridge layer using chemical vapor deposition techniques. Finally, conductive lands are deposited on each end of the tungsten bridge layer to form the device. It has been found that this device exhibits substantially shorter ignition times than standard metal bridges and foil igniting devices. In addition, substantially less energy is required to cause ignition of the tungsten bridge device of the present invention than is required for common metal bridges and foil devices used for the same purpose. 2 figs.

  16. Tungsten bridge for the low energy ignition of explosive and energetic materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Benson, David A. (Albuquerque, NM); Bickes, Jr., Robert W. (Albuquerque, NM); Blewer, Robert S. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1990-01-01

    A tungsten bridge device for the low energy ignition of explosive and energetic materials is disclosed. The device is fabricated on a silicon-on-sapphire substrate which has an insulating bridge element defined therein using standard integrated circuit fabrication techniques. Then, a thin layer of tungsten is selectively deposited on the silicon bridge layer using chemical vapor deposition techniques. Finally, conductive lands are deposited on each end of the tungsten bridge layer to form the device. It has been found that this device exhibits substantially shorter ignition times than standard metal bridges and foil igniting devices. In addition, substantially less energy is required to cause ignition of the tungsten bridge device of the present invention than is required for common metal bridges and foil devices used for the same purpose.

  17. version:13may14a The USA & the Global Oil System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    .............................................................................................. 3 Online energy data & analysis

  18. The virtual oil company

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garibaldi, C.A.; Haney, R.M.; Ross, C.E. [Arthur D Little, Houston, TX (United States)

    1995-09-01

    In anticipation of continuing declines in upstream activity levels over the next 15 years, the virtual oil company model articulates a vision of fewer, leaner, but financially stronger firms that concentrate only on their core competencies and outsource the rest through well-structured partnering arrangements. Freed from the ``clutter,`` these leading companies will be in better position to focus on those opportunities that offer the potential for renewed reserve and revenue growth.

  19. Development of Bypassed Oil Reserves Using Behind Casing Resistivity Measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael G. Conner

    2004-02-14

    Tubing and rods of the S.P. Pedro-Nepple No.1 well were pulled and the well was prepared for running of Schlumberger's Cased Hole Formation Resistivity Tool (CHFR) in selected intervals. The CHFR tool was successfully run and data was captured. The CHFR formation resistivity readings were compared to original open hole resistivity measurements. Separation between the original and CHFR resistivity curves indicate both swept and un-swept sand intervals. Both watered out sand intervals and those with higher remaining oil saturation have been identified. Due to the nature of these turbidite sands being stratigraphically continuous, both the swept and unswept layers have been correlated across to one of the four nearby offset shallow wells. As a result of the cased hole logging, one well was selected for a workover to recomplete and test suspected oil saturated shallow sand intervals. Well S.P. Pedro-Nepple No.2 was plugged back with cement excluding the previously existing production interval, squeeze cemented behind casing, selectively perforated in the shallower ''Bell'' zone and placed on production to develop potential new oil reserves and increase overall well productivity. Prior workover production averaged 3.0 BOPD for the previous six-months from the original ''Meyer'' completion interval. Post workover well production was increased to 5.3 BOPD on average for the following fifteen months. In December 2005, a bridge plug was installed above the ''Bell'' zone to test the ''Foix'' zone. Another cement squeeze was performed behind casing, selectively perforated in the shallower ''Foix'' zone and placed on production. The ''Foix'' test has produced water and a trace of oil for two months.

  20. DEVELOPMENT OF BYPASSED OIL RESERVES USING BEHIND CASING RESISTIVITY MEASUREMENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael G. Conner; Jeffrey A. Blesener

    2006-04-02

    Tubing and rods of the S.P. Pedro-Nepple No.1 well were pulled and the well was prepared for running of Schlumberger's Cased Hole Formation Resistivity Tool (CHFR) in selected intervals. The CHFR tool was successfully run and data was captured. The CHFR formation resistivity readings were compared to original open hole resistivity measurements. Separation between the original and CHFR resistivity curves indicate both swept and un-swept sand intervals. Both watered out sand intervals and those with higher remaining oil saturation have been identified. Due to the nature of these turbidite sands being stratigraphically continuous, both the swept and unswept layers have been correlated across to one of the four nearby offset shallow wells. As a result of the cased hole logging, one well was selected for a workover to recomplete and test suspected oil saturated shallow sand intervals. Well S.P. Pedro-Nepple No.2 was plugged back with cement excluding the previously existing production interval, squeeze cemented behind casing, selectively perforated in the shallower ''Bell'' zone and placed on production to develop potential new oil reserves and increase overall well productivity. Prior workover production averaged 3.0 BOPD for the previous six-months from the original ''Meyer'' completion interval. Post workover well production was increased to 5.3 BOPD on average for the following fifteen months. In December 2005, a bridge plug was installed above the ''Bell'' zone to test the ''Foix'' zone. Another cement squeeze was performed behind casing, selectively perforated in the shallower ''Foix'' zone and placed on production. The ''Foix'' test has produced water and a trace of oil for two months.

  1. BYU Bridge is an online resource that connects BYU students to employers and allows users to search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    BYU Bridge is an online resource that connects BYU students to employers and allows users to search. Login to bridge.byu.edu Tips for Using the Bridge Complete your profile Make sure your profile? Easy! To adjust these settings login to the Bridge, and click on the "Privacy Settings" link

  2. Solutions of burnt-bridge models for molecular motor transport Alexander Yu. Morozov, Ekaterina Pronina, and Anatoly B. Kolomeisky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solutions of burnt-bridge models for molecular motor transport Alexander Yu. Morozov, Ekaterina consecutive binding sites called "bridges" , is investigated theoretically by analyzing discrete-state stochastic "burnt-bridge" mod- els. When an unbiased diffusing particle crosses the bridge, the link can

  3. Crude Oil Prices Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

  4. International Oil and Gas Board International Oil and Gas Board...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Board International Oil and Gas Board Address Place Zip Website Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates http www...

  5. Multiple Liquid Bridges with Non-Smooth Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fel, Leonid; Ratner, Vadim

    2015-01-01

    We consider a coexistence of two axisymmetric liquid bridges LB_i and LB_m of two immiscible liquids i and m which are immersed in a third liquid (or gas) e and trapped between two smooth solid bodies with axisymmetric surfaces S_1,S_2 and free contact lines. Evolution of liquid bridges allows two different configurations of LB_i and LB_m with multiple (five or three) interfaces of non-smooth shape. We formulate a variational problem with volume constraints and present its governing equations supplemented by boundary conditions. We find a universal relationship between curvature of the interfaces and discuss the Young relation at the singular curve where all liquids meet together.

  6. Surface modification of low density silica and bridged polysilsesquioxane aerogels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeFriend, K. A. (Kimberly A.); Loy, D. A. (Douglas A.); Salazar, K. V. (Kenneth V.); Wilson, K. V. (Kennard V.)

    2004-01-01

    Silica and bridged polysilsesquioxane aerogels are low density materials that are attractive for applications such as, thermal insulation, porous separation media or catalyst supports, adsorbents. However, aerogels are notoriously weak and brittle making it difficult to handle and machine monoliths into desired forms. This prevents the development of many applications that would otherwise benefit from the use of the low density materials. We will describe our efforts to chemically modify and mechanically enhance silica-based aerogels using chemical vapor techniques without sacrificing their characteristic low densities. Monolithic silica and organically bridged polysilsesquioxane aerogels were prepared by sol-gel polymerization of the respective methoxysilane monomers followed by supercritical carbon dioxide drying of the gels. Reactive modification of the gels with volatile silylating compounds during and after the drying process and these effects on the mechanical properties and density of the aerogels will be described.

  7. Bridged polysilsesquioxane-polydimethylsiloxane nanocomposites: A reactivity study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ulibarri, T.A.; Loy, D.A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Bates, S.E.; Black, E.P.; Jamison, G.M. [Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)] [and others

    1996-10-01

    It has been demonstrated that increased strength and extensibility can be obtained in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) systems through the use of bimodal polymer distributions. In order to further probe short chain and linkage effects in bimodal polymer networks, we are interested in a new class of nanocomposites based on hydroxy-terminated PDMS as the long chain segments and alkylene- or arylene-bridged silsesquioxanes as the short chain segments. We have investigated tin-catalyzed coupling of the terminal hydroxy groups of the PDMS segments with bis(triethoxysilyl)arylene and alkylene monomers. The compatibility of the different silsesquioxane monomers with PDMS, and their activity with the tin-based catalyst, has been explored. A number of different hydrocarbon bridged silsesquioxane monomers have been used to determine the effect that the short segment flexibility and length, and the degree of crosslinking have on the final material properties. Findings from this study will be reported.

  8. BP Oil Spill November 10, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lega, Joceline

    BP Oil Spill Qiyam Tung November 10, 2011 1 Introduction Figure 1: BP Oil spill (source: http://thefoxisblack.com/2010/05/02/the-bp-oil-spill-in-the-gulf-of-mexico/) Last year, there was a major oil spill caused major techniques to minimize the threat once it happened. What kind of damage would an oil spill like this cause

  9. The twentieth oil shale symposium proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary, J.H.

    1987-01-01

    This book contains 20 selections. Some of the titles are: The technical contributions of John Ward Smith in oil shale research; Oil shale rubble fires: ignition and extinguishment; Fragmentation of eastern oil shale for in situ recovery; A study of thermal properties of Chinese oil shale; and Natural invasion of native plants on retorted oil shale.

  10. Canadian Oil Sands: Canada An Emerging Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boisvert, Jeff

    , the expectations regarding oil sands productive capacity, the assumption that all land disturbed by Syncrude1 Canadian Oil Sands: Canada ­ An Emerging Energy Superpower 0 University of Alberta February 8 Oil Sands Limited ("Canadian Oil Sands"), Syncrude Canada Ltd. ("Syncrude") and the oil sands industry

  11. International Oil Supplies and Demands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-04-01

    The eleventh Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) working group met four times over the 1989--1990 period to compare alternative perspectives on international oil supplies and demands through 2010 and to discuss how alternative supply and demand trends influence the world's dependence upon Middle Eastern oil. Proprietors of eleven economic models of the world oil market used their respective models to simulate a dozen scenarios using standardized assumptions. From its inception, the study was not designed to focus on the short-run impacts of disruptions on oil markets. Nor did the working group attempt to provide a forecast or just a single view of the likely future path for oil prices. The model results guided the group's thinking about many important longer-run market relationships and helped to identify differences of opinion about future oil supplies, demands, and dependence.

  12. International Oil Supplies and Demands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    The eleventh Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) working group met four times over the 1989--90 period to compare alternative perspectives on international oil supplies and demands through 2010 and to discuss how alternative supply and demand trends influence the world's dependence upon Middle Eastern oil. Proprietors of eleven economic models of the world oil market used their respective models to simulate a dozen scenarios using standardized assumptions. From its inception, the study was not designed to focus on the short-run impacts of disruptions on oil markets. Nor did the working group attempt to provide a forecast or just a single view of the likely future path for oil prices. The model results guided the group's thinking about many important longer-run market relationships and helped to identify differences of opinion about future oil supplies, demands, and dependence.

  13. Gravity's Rainbow: a bridge towards Horava-Lifshitz gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remo Garattini; Emmanuel N. Saridakis

    2014-11-25

    We investigate the connection between Gravity's Rainbow and Horava-Lifshitz gravity, since both theories incorporate a modification in the UltraViolet regime which improves their quantum behavior at the cost of the Lorentz invariance loss. In particular, extracting the Wheeler-De Witt equations of the two theories in the case of Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker and spherically symmetric geometries, we establish a correspondence that bridges them.

  14. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01

    state oil companies, Saudi Aramco, Petroleos de Venezuela,state oil companies, Saudi Aramco, Petroleos de Venezuela,

  15. Variability of modal parameters measured on the Alamosa Canyon Bridge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrar, C.R.; Doebling, S.W. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Cornwell, P.J.; Straser, E.G. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). J.A. Blume Earthquake Engineering Center

    1996-12-31

    A significant amount of work has been reported in technical literature regarding the use of changes in modal parameters to identify the location and extent of damage in structures. Curiously absent, and critically important to the practical implementation of this work, is an accurate characterization of the natural variability of these modal parameters caused by effects other than damage. To examine this issue, a two-lane, seven-span, composite slab-on-girder bridge near the town of Truth or Consequences in southern New Mexico was tested several times over a period of nine months. Environmental effects common to this location that could potentially produce changes in the measured modal properties include changes in temperature, high winds, and changes to the supporting soil medium. In addition to environmental effects, variabilities in modal testing procedures and data reduction can also cause changes in the identified dynamic properties of the structure. In this paper the natural variability of the frequencies and mode shapes of the Alamosa Canyon bridge that result from changes in time of day when the test was performed, amount of traffic, and environmental conditions will be discussed. Because this bridge has not been in active use throughout the testing period, it is assumed that any change in the observed modal properties are the result of the factors listed above rather than deterioration of the structure itself.

  16. Radial motion into an Einstein-Rosen bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikodem J. Poplawski

    2010-04-13

    We consider the radial geodesic motion of a massive particle into a black hole in isotropic coordinates, which represents the exterior region of an Einstein-Rosen bridge (wormhole). The particle enters the interior region, which is regular and physically equivalent to the asymptotically flat exterior of a white hole, and the particle's proper time extends to infinity. Since the radial motion into a wormhole after passing the event horizon is physically different from the motion into a Schwarzschild black hole, Einstein-Rosen and Schwarzschild black holes are different, physical realizations of general relativity. Yet for distant observers, both solutions are indistinguishable. We show that timelike geodesics in the field of a wormhole are complete because the expansion scalar in the Raychaudhuri equation has a discontinuity at the horizon, and because the Einstein-Rosen bridge is represented by the Kruskal diagram with Rindler's elliptic identification of the two antipodal future event horizons. These results suggest that observed astrophysical black holes may be Einstein-Rosen bridges, each with a new universe inside that formed simultaneously with the black hole. Accordingly, our own Universe may be the interior of a black hole existing inside another universe.

  17. Nonadiabatic ab initio molecular dynamics of photoisomerization in bridged azobenzene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao Aihua; Li Bin; Zhang Peiyu; Han Keli [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China)

    2012-11-28

    The photoisomerization mechanisms of bridged azobenzene are investigated by means of surface hopping dynamics simulations based on the Zhu-Nakamura theory. In the geometry optimizations and potential energy surface calculations, four minimum-energy conical intersections between the ground state and the lowest excited state are found to play important roles in the trans-cis and cis-trans isomerization processes. The trans-cis photoisomerization proceeds through two minimum-energy conical intersections. Ultrafast pedal motion of the N atoms and twisting of phenyl rings around their N-C bonds allows the molecule to move to a minimum-energy conical intersection, after which surface hopping from S{sub 1} to S{sub 0} occurs. In the S{sub 0} state, further rotation occurs around the N=N bond and two N-C bonds until the azo moiety and phenyl rings complete their isomerization. Finally, the cis form is achieved by subsequent adjustment of the ethylene bridge. In the cis-trans photodynamics, there is one rotational pathway, in the middle of which two CIs are responsible for the surface hopping to the S{sub 0} state. After the nonadiabatic transition, the molecule reaches the trans form through a barrierless pathway and the two phenyl rings and the additional bridge complete their reorientation almost at the same time.

  18. Oil-Particle Interactions and Submergence from Crude Oil Spills in Marine and Freshwater Environments--

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oil-Particle Interactions and Submergence from Crude Oil Spills in Marine and Freshwater of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey #12;#12;Oil-Particle Interactions and Submergence from Crude Oil Spills, 2015, Oil-particle interactions and submergence from crude oil spills in marine and freshwater

  19. Rizkalla, S., and Tadros, G., "FRP for Prestressing of Concrete Bridges in Canada,"Page 1 FRP for Prestressing of Concrete Bridges in Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer, CFRP, tendons and rods for prestressing concrete highway bridges 440, Fiber Reinforced Polymer. Keywords: Bridge, caron fibers, prestressing, concrete, safety Committee 440, Fiber Reinforced Polymer, member of the ACI-ASCE joint Committee 550, Precast Concrete

  20. Geomechanical Study of Bakken Formation for Improved Oil Recovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ling, Kegang; Zeng, Zhengwen; He, Jun; Pei, Peng; Zhou, Xuejun; Liu, Hong; Huang, Luke; Ostadhassan, Mehdi; Jabbari, Hadi; Blanksma, Derrick; Feilen, Harry; Ahmed, Salowah; Benson, Steve; Mann, Michael; LeFever, Richard; Gosnold, Will

    2013-12-31

    On October 1, 2008 US DOE-sponsored research project entitled “Geomechanical Study of Bakken Formation for Improved Oil Recovery” under agreement DE-FC26-08NT0005643 officially started at The University of North Dakota (UND). This is the final report of the project; it covers the work performed during the project period of October 1, 2008 to December 31, 2013. The objectives of this project are to outline the methodology proposed to determine the in-situ stress field and geomechanical properties of the Bakken Formation in Williston Basin, North Dakota, USA to increase the success rate of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing so as to improve the recovery factor of this unconventional crude oil resource from the current 3% to a higher level. The success of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing depends on knowing local in-situ stress and geomechanical properties of the rocks. We propose a proactive approach to determine the in-situ stress and related geomechanical properties of the Bakken Formation in representative areas through integrated analysis of field and well data, core sample and lab experiments. Geomechanical properties are measured by AutoLab 1500 geomechanics testing system. By integrating lab testing, core observation, numerical simulation, well log and seismic image, drilling, completion, stimulation, and production data, in-situ stresses of Bakken formation are generated. These in-situ stress maps can be used as a guideline for future horizontal drilling and multi-stage fracturing design to improve the recovery of Bakken unconventional oil.

  1. Solar retorting of oil shale

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gregg, David W. (Morago, CA)

    1983-01-01

    An apparatus and method for retorting oil shale using solar radiation. Oil shale is introduced into a first retorting chamber having a solar focus zone. There the oil shale is exposed to solar radiation and rapidly brought to a predetermined retorting temperature. Once the shale has reached this temperature, it is removed from the solar focus zone and transferred to a second retorting chamber where it is heated. In a second chamber, the oil shale is maintained at the retorting temperature, without direct exposure to solar radiation, until the retorting is complete.

  2. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    and produce oil in the offshore Gulf of Mexico fields mustDutch territories (mostly offshore). The fields themselvesfirst production, and offshore dummy – are estimated using

  3. Oil cooled, hermetic refrigerant compressor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    English, William A. (Murrysville, PA); Young, Robert R. (Murrysville, PA)

    1985-01-01

    A hermetic refrigerant compressor having an electric motor and compressor assembly in a hermetic shell is cooled by oil which is first cooled in an external cooler 18 and is then delivered through the shell to the top of the motor rotor 24 where most of it is flung radially outwardly within the confined space provided by the cap 50 which channels the flow of most of the oil around the top of the stator 26 and then out to a multiplicity of holes 52 to flow down to the sump and provide further cooling of the motor and compressor. Part of the oil descends internally of the motor to the annular chamber 58 to provide oil cooling of the lower part of the motor, with this oil exiting through vent hole 62 also to the sump. Suction gas with entrained oil and liquid refrigerant therein is delivered to an oil separator 68 from which the suction gas passes by a confined path in pipe 66 to the suction plenum 64 and the separated oil drops from the separator to the sump. By providing the oil cooling of the parts, the suction gas is not used for cooling purposes and accordingly increase in superheat is substantially avoided in the passage of the suction gas through the shell to the suction plenum 64.

  4. Oil cooled, hermetic refrigerant compressor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    English, W.A.; Young, R.R.

    1985-05-14

    A hermetic refrigerant compressor having an electric motor and compressor assembly in a hermetic shell is cooled by oil which is first cooled in an external cooler and is then delivered through the shell to the top of the motor rotor where most of it is flung radially outwardly within the confined space provided by the cap which channels the flow of most of the oil around the top of the stator and then out to a multiplicity of holes to flow down to the sump and provide further cooling of the motor and compressor. Part of the oil descends internally of the motor to the annular chamber to provide oil cooling of the lower part of the motor, with this oil exiting through vent hole also to the sump. Suction gas with entrained oil and liquid refrigerant therein is delivered to an oil separator from which the suction gas passes by a confined path in pipe to the suction plenum and the separated oil drops from the separator to the sump. By providing the oil cooling of the parts, the suction gas is not used for cooling purposes and accordingly increase in superheat is substantially avoided in the passage of the suction gas through the shell to the suction plenum. 3 figs.

  5. Brushing up on oil recovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mackey, J.

    1995-12-01

    To be prepared for a range of oil spills, emergency response organizations must have an arsenal of powerful and adaptable equipment. Around the coastal United States, a network of oil spill cooperatives and emergency response organizations stand ready with the technology and the know-how to respond to the first sign of an oil spill. When the telephone rings, they may be required to mop up 200 gallons of oil that leaked off the deck of a ship or to contain and skim 2,000 gallons of oil from a broken hose at a loading terminal. In a few cases each year, they may find themselves responding to a major pollution incident, one that involves hundreds of people and tons of equipment. To clean an oil spill at a New Jersey marine terminal, the local cooperative used the Lundin Oil Recovery Inc. (LORI) skimming system to separate the oil and water and the lift the oil out of the river. The LORI skimming technology is based on sound principles of fluid management - using the natural movement of water instead of trying to fight against it. A natural feeding mechanism delivers oily water through the separation process, and a simple mechanical separation and recovery device - a brush conveyor - removes the pollutants from the water.

  6. Energy Optimizers USA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville, NewLtd EILEnergy DatadataCentre Jump to:Optimizers USA

  7. Energy Pro USA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, AlabamaETEC GmbH JumpEllenville, NewLtd EILEnergy DatadataCentre JumpEnergyPowerPro USA

  8. Think Solar USA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeterInformation Policy andInstitute JumpWashSolar USA Jump to:

  9. Windkraft Nord USA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton Jump to: navigation, search Name:Wind turbineNord USA Jump to:

  10. BROAD USA Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex AAustriaBiofuels Brasil Jump to: navigation,BROAD USA Inc Jump

  11. Norvento USA LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd|Northfork Electric Coop, IncUSA LLC Jump to:

  12. The photospheric environment of a solar pore with light bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Giordano; F. Berrilli; D. Del Moro; V. Penza

    2007-05-25

    Pores are one of the various features forming in the photosphere by the emergence of magnetic field onto the solar surface. They lie at the border between tiny magnetic elements and larger sunspots. Light bridges, in such structures, are bright features separating umbral areas in two or more irregular regions. Commonly, light bridges indicate that a the merging of magnetic regions or, conversely, the breakup of the area is underway. We investigate the velocity structure of a solar pore (AR10812) with light bridge, and of the quiet solar photosphere nearby, analyzing high spatial and spectral resolution images. The pore area has been observed with the Interferometric BI-dimensional Spectrometer (IBIS) at the Dunn Solar Telescope, acquiring monochromatic images in the Ca II 854.2 nm line and in the Fe I 709.0 nm line as well as G-band and broad-band images. We also computed the Line of Sight (LoS) velocity field associated to the Fe I and Fe II photospheric lines. The amplitude of the LoS velocity fluctuations, inside the pore, is smaller than that observed in the quiet granulation near the active region. We computed the azimuthal average LoS velocity and derived its radial profile. The whole pore is characterized by a downward velocity -200 m/s and by an annular downflow structure with an average velocity of -350 m/s with respect to the nearby quiet sun. The light bridge inside the pore, when observed in the broad-band channel of IBIS and in the red wing of Ca II 854.2 nm line, shows an elongated dark structure running along its axis, that we explain with a semi-analytical model. In the highest resolution LoS velocity images the light bridge shows a profile consistent with a convective roll: a weak upflow, 50-100m/s, in correspondence of the dark lane, flanked by a downflow, -(200-300) m/s.

  13. Oil Market Simulation model user's manual. [Oil market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-07-01

    The Oil Market Simulation (OMS) model is a LOTUS 1-2-3 spreadsheet that simulates the world oil market. OMS is an annual model that projects the world oil market through the year 2010 from a data base that begins in 1979. The geographic coverage includes all market economies, with net imports from the centrally planned economies taken as an assumption. The model estimates the effects of price changes on oil supply and demand and computes an oil price path over nine that allows supply and demand to remain in balance within the market economies area as a whole. The input assumptions of OMS are highlighted (in color) on the spreadsheet and include the following: The capacity of the OPEC countries to produce petroleum liquids (crude oil, natural gas liquids, condensates, refinery gains); a reference case projection of regional oil supply and demand at some arbitrary reference path of oil prices over time. The reference case provided with this diskette is that used for EIA's latest base case in the International Energy Outlook 1992 DOE/EIA-0484(92). The demonstration requires an IBM PC (or compatible), preferably with a color monitor. The demonstration diskette is self-contained, with all the files needed to run the demonstration. It does not, however, have the DOS system files, so this diskette cannot be used to start (boot) the computer.

  14. Membrane degumming of crude vegetable oil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Lan

    1997-01-01

    Crude vegetable oils contain various minor substances like phospholipids, coloring pigments, and free fatty acids (FFA) that may affect quality of the oil. Reduction of energy costs and waste disposal are major concerns for many oil refiners who...

  15. WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN THE OIL SHALE INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, J.P.

    2010-01-01

    III, "Method of Breaking Shale Oil-Water Emulsion," U. S.Waters from Green River Oil Shale," Chem. and Ind. , 1. ,Effluents from In-Situ oil Shale Processing," in Proceedings

  16. CORROSION OF METALS IN OIL SHALE ENVIRONMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellman Jr., R.

    2012-01-01

    CORROSION OF METALS IN OIL SHALE ENVIRONMENTS A. Levy and R.of Metals in In-Situ Oil Shale Retorts," NACE Corrosion 80,Corrosion of Oil Shale Retort Component Materials," LBL-

  17. Fueling the oil and gas industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Autumn2004 Fueling the oil and gas industry Fueling the oil and gas industry #12;College Editor Fueling the oil and gas Industry 12 Building a tradition of tomorrow 13 Planning your gift 14 VCom

  18. CORROSION OF METALS IN OIL SHALE ENVIRONMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellman Jr., R.

    2012-01-01

    CORROSION OF METALS IN OIL SHALE ENVIRONMENTS A. Levy and R.of Metals in In-Situ Oil Shale Retorts," NACE Corrosion 80,Elevated Temperature Corrosion of Oil Shale Retort Component

  19. WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN THE OIL SHALE INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, J.P.

    2010-01-01

    Waters from Green River Oil Shale," Chem. and Ind. , 1. ,Effluents from In-Situ oil Shale Processing," in Proceedingsin the Treatment of Oil Shale Retort Waters," in Proceedings

  20. Estimates of Oil Reserves Jean Laherrere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Estimates of Oil Reserves Jean Laherrere e-mail: jean.laherrere@wanadoo.fr sites: http oil will solve the present problems on welfare, retirement and they would dearly love to see the reserves of oil