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Sample records for brent venezuelan furrial

  1. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Nigerian Bonny Light Nigerian Forcados Blend Saudi Arabian Light Saudi Arabian Medium United Kingdom Brent Venezuelan Furrial Venezuelan Leona 1978 Average ... 15.04 -...

  2. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Nigerian Bonny Light Nigerian Forcados Blend Saudi Arabian Light Saudi Arabian Medium United Kingdom Brent Venezuelan Furrial Venezuelan Leona 1978 Average ... 15.04 -...

  3. Table 30. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Nigerian Bonny Light Nigerian Forcados Blend Saudi Arabian Light Saudi Arabian Medium United Kingdom Brent Venezuelan Furrial Venezuelan Leona 1978 Average ... 15.04 -...

  4. Brent Draney

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brent Draney Brent Draney bdraney.jpg Brent R. Draney Group Lead Networking, Servers and Security Group BRDraney@lbl.gov Phone: (510) 486-5791 Fax: (510) 486-4316 1 Cyclotron Road Mail Stop 943R0256 Berkeley, CA 94720 US Biographical Sketch Before joining NERSC, Brent analyzed census data as an information specialist in Berkeley Lab's Work Force Diversity Office. Before coming to the Lab, he worked as a statistician at the National Council on Crime and Delinquency. He has completed a B.S. at the

  5. Brent Nelson

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Brent Nelson is an AAAS Science & Technology Policy Fellow at the Department of Energy’s Building Technologies Office.  He is currently on sabbatical from Northern Arizona University...

  6. Brent Draney!

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brent Draney! Networking and Security Computational Research and Theory Facility (CRT) --- 1 --- February 1 1, 2 013 Computational Research and Theory Facility (CRT) * Four s tory, 1 35,000 G SF f acility f or s cien9fic c ompu9ng including: - 20,000+9,870 A SF H igh P erformance C ompu>ng F loor - 41,000 A SF o ffice a nd c onference a rea; 3 00 o ffices * $125M U C S ponsored B uilding - No l ong t erm c ommitment o r d ecommissioning c osts - No m ajor c apitaliza>on o r a

  7. Brent Run Generating Station Biomass Facility | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brent Run Generating Station Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Brent Run Generating Station Biomass Facility Facility Brent Run Generating Station Sector Biomass...

  8. Commingled crude from Brent and Ninian streams assayed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-07-08

    Crudes from the Brent and Ninian pipeline systems have been commingled into a single stream known as Brent blend. The commingling began Aug. 2, 1990. Reasons for commingling the blends include declining throughput of both systems and the need to maintain Brent blend as a crude of consistent quality and volume. Brent blend's good refining properties and production rate have given it benchmark status. The price of Brent blend is used to calculate many other crude prices. Some Middle Eastern crudes sold in Europe are based on a fixed discount to the price of Brent blend. Another reason for the commingling is cost savings. Because the two streams had been stabilized and stored at separate facilities at the Sullom Voe terminal on the Shetland Islands, there is now more flexibility in the system. The commingled crude is shipped by tankers from the Sullom Voe terminal.

  9. Management of a giant deep field: El Furrial Field, Eastern Venezuela

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pinto, N.; Mengual, R.; Anz, J.; Rodney, C.

    1996-08-01

    The Furrial Field is located in Eastern Venezuela and produces a 25 to 30{degrees} API asphaltenic crude oil from a 1500 ft thick Oligocene sand interval at a depth of 15,000 ft. The bubble point is about 4500 psi as compared to an original pressure of 11,000 psi. Oil in place is approximately 6800 million STB. Currently production is 350 MB/D from 77 well streams (Naricual Formation), and water is being injected at 400 MB/D to maintain pressure. The combination of a volumetric reservoir and asphaltenic nature of crude oil resulted in a rapid decrease in well productivity and reservoir pressure, creating the necessity to maintain reservoir pressure to maximize recovery. Discussed in this paper are the reservoir management techniques and strategies used by Lagoven to develop and operate these complex reservoirs. Acquisition and analysis of these data adequate to properly implement these management techniques are covered in detail.

  10. Impacts of the Venezuelan Crude Oil Production Loss

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2003-01-01

    This assessment of the Venezuelan petroleum loss examines two areas. The first part of the analysis focuses on the impact of the loss of Venezuelan crude production on crude oil supply for U.S. refiners who normally run a significant fraction of Venezuelan crude oil. The second part of the analysis looks at the impact of the Venezuelan production loss on crude markets in general, with particular emphasis on crude oil imports, refinery crude oil throughput levels, stock levels, and the changes in price differences between light and heavy crude oils.

  11. Focus on Venezuelan heavy crude: refining margins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-01-25

    Of six crudes refined in the US Gulf Coast, heavy Venezuelan crude Lagunillas (15/sup 0/ API) provides the best margin per barrel. Data for end of December 1983 and the first three weeks of January show that margins on all crudes are on the rise in this market, due to a turnaround in product prices. The lighter crudes are showing the greatest increase in Gross Product Worth. This is having a modest shrinking effect on the margin differential between light and heavy crudes in this market. The domestic crude West Texas Intermediate, at 40/sup 0/ API, provides the highest GPW in this crude slate sample, over US $31 per barrel, compared to GPW of under US $28 per barrel for Lagunillas. Still, as Lagunillas cost about US $8 less than does WTI, refiners with sufficient residue conversion capacity can be earning about US $3.50 more in margin per barrel than they can with WTI. Although few refiners would be using a 15/sup 0/ API crude exclusively for any length of time, heavier oil's inclusion in modern refiners' diets is enhancing their competitive position more than any other single factor. This issue of Energy Detente presents the fuel price/tax series and industrial fuel prices for January 1984 for countries of the Western Hemisphere.

  12. Characterization of Venezuelan heavy oil vacuum residua

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Izquierdo, A.; Carbognani, L.; Leon, V.; Parisi, A. )

    1988-06-01

    Characterization of abundant ''heavy'' feedstocks such as tar sands, heavy oils and vacuum residua will play a fundamental role in the use of these energy sources. Their physical and chemical properties vary from one feed to another, and this can have some consequences in their necessary upgrading processes. In this paper results on the characterization of 510/sup 0/C-vacuum residua (VR) obtained from Venezuelan Heavy and Medium Oils are presented. These are Morichal (Mo), Merey (Me), Guafita (Gu) and Barinas (Ba). The VR have all an API gravity between 3 and 6, more than 15% asphaltenes, metals above 200 ppm, as well as high contents of nitrogen, more than 6000 ppm, and sulphur, over 1%. It has been found that when these feeds are hydrotreated under similar conditions the processability improves in the order Ba

  13. Brent Draney

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    M. Helm, J. Hick, S. Hicks, S. Klasky, M. Livny, B. Maccabe, C. Morgan, S. Morss, L. Nowell, D. Petravick, J. Rogers, Y. Sekine, A. Sim, B. Tierney, S. Turnbull, D....

  14. TEAMING AS A SMALL BUSINESS Brent L. Clark, Vice President Performance Results Corporation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    TEAMING AS A SMALL BUSINESS Brent L. Clark, Vice President Performance Results Corporation 2 WHO IS PERFORMANCE RESULTS CORPORATION? * Incorporated i n A pril 2 000 * SBA C er4fied S mall, W oman---Owned C orpora4on * Kathy C linton O wner a nd P resident * Located a t 6 C anyon R oad, M organtown, W V * Employs o ver 2 30 p ersonnel l ocated a cross 1 6 ci4es a nd 1 3 s tates * 2010 r evenue w as $ 25M, p rojected t o e xceed $30M i n 2 011 * Primary c lients a re t he D OE, D OJ, C DC, a nd A

  15. Characterization of genetic variability of Venezuelan equine encephalitis viruses

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Gardner, Shea N.; McLoughlin, Kevin; Be, Nicholas A.; Allen, Jonathan; Weaver, Scott C.; Forrester, Naomi; Guerbois, Mathilde; Jaing, Crystal

    2016-04-07

    Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) is a mosquito-borne alphavirus that has caused large outbreaks of severe illness in both horses and humans. New approaches are needed to rapidly infer the origin of a newly discovered VEEV strain, estimate its equine amplification and resultant epidemic potential, and predict human virulence phenotype. We performed whole genome single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analysis of all available VEE antigenic complex genomes, verified that a SNP-based phylogeny accurately captured the features of a phylogenetic tree based on multiple sequence alignment, and developed a high resolution genome-wide SNP microarray. We used the microarray to analyze a broadmore » panel of VEEV isolates, found excellent concordance between array- and sequence-based SNP calls, genotyped unsequenced isolates, and placed them on a phylogeny with sequenced genomes. The microarray successfully genotyped VEEV directly from tissue samples of an infected mouse, bypassing the need for viral isolation, culture and genomic sequencing. Lastly, we identified genomic variants associated with serotypes and host species, revealing a complex relationship between genotype and phenotype.« less

  16. Seismic properties of a Venezuelan heavy oil in water emulsion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maldonado, F.; Liu, Y.; Mavko, G.; Mukerji, T.

    1996-08-01

    Several procedures for the production of low-viscosity, surfactant-stabilized, easy-transportable dispersions of heavy crude oil in water-briefly, oil in water (or o/w) emulsions - have been recently patented. Some of them propose to form the o/w emulsion in the reservoir, after the injection of a mixture of water and surfactants, increasing significantly the per well daily production. Progression of the o/w emulsion front, through the reservoir to the production wells, can be monitored in seismic planar slices with successive 3D seismic surveys (413 seismic), if enough contrast exists between the seismic velocity value of the o/w emulsion and the one of the oil in place. To facilitate the analysis of the contrast, this study presents high frequency acoustic velocity measurements performed in the laboratory. The experimental setup includes two reflectors and an ultrasonic transducer with double burst train emission. The estimated velocity precision is 0.02%. The measured samples are: a Venezuelan heavy o/w emulsion, a mixture of the same heavy oil and gasoil and a saturated sandstone core containing the o/w emulsion. Additionally, seismic velocities of the actual pore fluids - live oil and five o/w emulsion - and saturated sandstone are calculated using the above laboratory measurements, Wood`s equation, and Gassman`s and Biot`s models.

  17. Venezuelan oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez, A.R. )

    1989-01-01

    Oil reserves have been known to exist in Venezuela since early historical records, however, it was not until the 20th century that the extensive search for new reserves began. The 1950's marked the height of oil exploration when 200 new oil fields were discovered, as well as over 60{percent} of proven reserves. Venezuela now produces one tone in seven of crude oil consumption and the country's abundant reserves such as the Bolivar Coastal field in the West of the country and the Orinoco Belt field in the East, will ensure it's continuing importance as an oil producer well into the 21st century. This book charts the historical development of Venezuela oil and provides a chronology of all the significant events which have shaped the oil industry of today. It covers all the technical, legal, economic and political factors which have contributed to the evolution of the industry and also gives information on current oil resources and production. Those events significant to the development of the industry, those which were influential in shaping future policy and those which precipitated further action are included. The book provides a source of reference to oil companies, oil economists and petroleum geologists.

  18. Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus entry mechanism requires late endosome formation and resists cell membrane cholesterol depletion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolokoltsov, Andrey A.; Fleming, Elisa H.; Davey, Robert A. . E-mail: radavey@utmb.edu

    2006-04-10

    Virus envelope proteins determine receptor utilization and host range. The choice of receptor not only permits specific targeting of cells that express it, but also directs the virus into specific endosomal trafficking pathways. Disrupting trafficking can result in loss of virus infectivity due to redirection of virions to non-productive pathways. Identification of the pathway or pathways used by a virus is, thus, important in understanding virus pathogenesis mechanisms and for developing new treatment strategies. Most of our understanding of alphavirus entry has focused on the Old World alphaviruses, such as Sindbis and Semliki Forest virus. In comparison, very little is known about the entry route taken by more pathogenic New World alphaviruses. Here, we use a novel contents mixing assay to identify the cellular requirements for entry of a New World alphavirus, Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV). Expression of dominant negative forms of key endosomal trafficking genes shows that VEEV must access clathrin-dependent endocytic vesicles for membrane fusion to occur. Unexpectedly, the exit point is different from Old World alphaviruses that leave from early endosomes. Instead, VEEV also requires functional late endosomes. Furthermore, unlike the Old World viruses, VEEV entry is insensitive to cholesterol sequestration from cell membranes and may reflect a need to access an endocytic compartment that lacks cholesterol. This indicates fundamental differences in the entry route taken by VEEV compared to Old World alphaviruses.

  19. Complete inactivation of Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus by 1,5-iodonaphthylazide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sharma, Anuj; Raviv, Yossef; Puri, Anu; Viard, Mathias; Blumenthal, Robert; Maheshwari, Radha K. . E-mail: rmaheshwari@usuhs.mil

    2007-06-29

    Hydrophobic alkylating compounds like 1,5-iodonaphthylazide (INA) partitions into biological membranes and accumulates selectively into the hydrophobic domain of the lipid bilayer. Upon irradiation with far UV light, INA binds selectively to transmembrane proteins in the viral envelope and renders them inactive. Such inactivation does not alter the ectodomains of the membrane proteins thus preserving the structural and conformational integrity of immunogens on the surface of the virus. In this study, we have used INA to inactivate Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV). Treatment of VEEV with INA followed by irradiation with UV light resulted in complete inactivation of the virus. Immuno-fluorescence for VEEV and virus titration showed no virus replication in-vitro. Complete loss of infectivity was also achieved in mice infected with INA treated plus irradiated preparations of VEEV. No change in the structural integrity of VEEV particles were observed after treatment with INA plus irradiation as assessed by electron microscopy. This data suggest that such inactivation strategies can be used for developing vaccine candidates for VEEV and other enveloped viruses.

  20. Anaerobic thermophilic bacteria isolated from a Venezuelan oil field and its potential use in microbial improved oil recovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trebbau, G.; Fernandez, B.; Marin, A.

    1995-12-31

    The objective of this work is to determine the ability of indigenous bacteria from a Venezuelan oil field to grow under reservoir conditions inside a porous media, and to produce metabolites capable of recovering residual crude oil. For this purpose, samples of formation waters from a central-eastern Venezuelan oil reservoir were enriched with different carbon sources and a mineral basal media. Formation water was used as a source of trace metals. The enrichments obtained were incubated at reservoir temperature (71{degrees}C), reservoir pressure (1,200 psi), and under anaerobic conditions for both outside and inside porous media (Berea core). Growth and metabolic activity was followed outside porous media by measuring absorbance at 660 nm, increases in pressure, and decreases in pH. Inside porous media bacterial activity was determined by visual examination of the produced waters (gas bubbles and bacterial cells). All the carbohydrates tested outside porous media showed good growth at reservoir conditions. The pH was lowered, gases such as CO{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} were identified by GC. Surface tension was lowered in some enrichments by 30% when compared to controls. Growth was decreased inside porous media, but gases were produced and helped displace oil. In addition, 10% residual oil was recovered from the Berea core. Mathematical modeling was applied to the laboratory coreflood experiment to evaluate the reproducibility of the results obtained.

  1. Geology reinterpretation of an inactive old field-Mata 3, Venezuelan East Basin-using computer methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, O.; Rivero, C.; Abud, J.

    1996-08-01

    Nowadays to find a new oil field is a very dificult task that the petroleum people know very well; therefore the reactivation of an old oil field that had important production is the best way to increase the economic benefits for the Corporation and for the country in general. In this paper, the most important point was the Geology Study regarding the reopening of the Mata-3 oil field, which ceased to be active 15 years ago, after producing 30 mmbls of light oil. There are 30 prospective sands but only 3 of them have produced 70% of the primary production. Thus, the principal objectives were the S2, S3, 4 sands of Oficina Formation (Venezuelan East Basin) in 476 wells located in this area. The following computer systems that were available to us: GIPSIE System, Vax (Intergraph Co.); PMSE System, Vax (Intergraph Co.); CPS-3 System, Unix (Radian Co.); and SIGEMAP System PC (Corpoven, S.A.). All of them assist in the different tasks that must be done by the geologists working in the interpretation area. In the end, we recommended 40 wells to workover (2 wells/year for 20 years) and thereby to increase the POI (petroleum in situ) and increase the reserves by 13.4 mmbls of fight oil, important commercial production. The estimate of the total investment is about $2 million (340 mmBs.).

  2. General Brent Scowcroft | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    His extraordinary twenty-nine-year military career began with graduation from West Point ... to the Director of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; and Military Assistant to President Nixon. ...

  3. Venezuelan plant completes instrument upgrade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez, H.; Garcia, C.O.

    1996-07-22

    The Lamarliquido LPG plant, offshore Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela, has received a major upgrade to its control system after 25 years of pneumatic instrumentation. The plant is now operating fully remote from a new central control room with a maximum production of 5,500 b/d, expected to go to 6,600 b/d. The phases of the project included installation and integration of four control systems: distributed control system; fire prevention, detection, and control system; refrigeration process turbocompressor control system; and emergency shutdown system. The paper describes the 1960s vintage instrumentation, the modernization objectives and phases, the distributed control system, the fire control system, gas and fire detection, the turbocompressor system, emergency shutdown system, and plant shutdown logic.

  4. SU2009_NUG-Brent-R2.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... scripting languages (python, perl, R, etc.) * Full support for shared objects - TorqueMoab - OpenFabrics - OpenMPI * Programming Environment - PGI compiler suite, gccgfortran ...

  5. NEHHOR14-15 Brent working_02252015.xlsx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    008 362.9 369.4 366.2 91.9 218.81 147.3 91.6 60.8% 146.6 10132008 335.8 341.6 338.7 80.98 192.81 145.9 91.6 59.2% 146.6 10202008 318.8 327.3 323.1 69.28 164.95 158.1 91.6 72.5%...

  6. NEHHOR14-15 Brent working_02252015.xlsx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    389.1 109.31 260.26 128.8 116.2 10.8% 186.0 12192011 381.3 388.8 385.1 106.26 253.00 132.1 116.2 13.6% 186.0 12262011 382.3 390.0 386.2 107.72 256.48 129.7 116.2 11.5% 186.0...

  7. NEHHOR14-15 Brent working_02252015.xlsx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    238.9 246.6 242.8 59.69 142.12 100.6 84.4 19.3% 135.0 182007 236.0 244.4 240.2 55.63 132.45 107.7 84.4 27.7% 135.0 1152007 234.1 240.3 237.2 51.79 123.31 113.9 84.4 35.0%...

  8. NEHHOR14-15 Brent working_02252015.xlsx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    382.2 107.61 256.21 125.9 127.1 -0.9% 203.4 11112013 376.6 385.9 381.3 104.54 248.90 132.3 127.1 4.1% 203.4 11182013 377.3 386.7 382.0 107.10 255.00 127.0 127.1 -0.1% 203.4...

  9. NEHHOR14-15 Brent working_02252015.xlsx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    281.6 46.44 110.57 171.0 129.3 32.2% 206.9 222015 277.6 282.4 280.0 46.76 111.33 168.7 132.1 27.6% 211.4 292015 287.0 294.9 291.0 54.62 130.05 160.9 132.1 21.8% 211.4 2162015...

  10. ESnet's Eli Dart, NERSC's Brent Draney Honored by Berkeley Lab...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    head of CRD's Mathematics Group, was recognized for establishing CAMERA, the Center for Advanced Mathematics for Energy Research Applications. CAMERA has fostered truly...

  11. NEHHOR14-15 Brent working_02252015.xlsx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    62.16 148.00 119.4 72.2 65.3% 115.6 10102005 257.1 266.6 261.9 58.93 140.31 121.5 72.2 68.3% 115.6 10172005 256.1 266.7 261.4 58.59 139.50 121.9 72.2 68.8% 115.6 10242005...

  12. NEHHOR14-15 Brent working_02252015.xlsx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    391.5 403.3 397.4 110.35 262.74 134.7 111.5 20.8% 178.3 1082012 394.0 404.8 399.4 111.41 265.26 134.1 111.5 20.4% 178.3 10152012 399.3 411.0 405.2 114.88 273.52 131.6 111.5...

  13. NEHHOR14-15 Brent working_02252015.xlsx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    009 248.2 254.8 251.5 65.9 156.90 94.6 110.6 -14.5% 177.0 10122009 250.9 259.7 255.3 67.87 161.60 93.7 110.6 -15.3% 177.0 10192009 262.5 269.0 265.8 72.29 172.12 93.6 110.6...

  14. NEHHOR14-15 Brent working_02252015.xlsx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    181.2 186.5 183.9 47.11 112.17 71.7 66.4 8.0% 106.2 10112004 189.1 195.4 192.2 48.09 114.50 77.7 66.4 17.1% 106.2 10182004 197.1 204.1 200.6 50.96 121.33 79.3 66.4 19.4% 106.2...

  15. NEHHOR14-15 Brent working_02252015.xlsx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    07 273.5 281.1 277.3 77.98 185.67 91.6 86.2 6.3% 138.0 10152007 275.6 282.9 279.3 78.85 187.74 91.5 86.2 6.1% 138.0 10222007 283.7 290.4 287.1 84.29 200.69 86.4 86.2 0.1% 138.0...

  16. NEHHOR14-15 Brent working_02252015.xlsx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    288.2 296.5 292.4 79.82 190.05 102.3 112.8 -9.3% 180.5 10112010 292.5 300.1 296.3 83.87 199.69 96.6 112.8 -14.4% 180.5 10182010 294.2 303.0 298.6 83.11 197.88 100.7 112.8...

  17. Geological and geophysical evaluation of the Naricual Formation, Musipan-El Carito area, eastern Venezuela basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abud, J.; Oviedo, P.; Hernandex, J.; Garcia, E.; Escalona, N. )

    1990-05-01

    The recent giant oil discoveries in the lower Tertiary sedimentary sequence of the Monagas overthrust belt, Eastern Venezuela basin require short- and medium-term development plans based on technical production geological studies and models. The present study consists of a detailed geological and geophysical evaluation to define the reservoir in the producing Naricual Formation in the Musipan-El Carito areas, located west of El Furrial oil field. Due to its geological and reservoir characteristics, the northern Monagas area is considered as the top priority production alternative for the Venezuelan oil industry for the next 20 yr. The structural pattern of the area is related to major compressional stress applied northwest and from the northeast. Two fault systems are associated with this compression: (1) first-order, east-west-trending reverse faults dipping to the north, and (2) second-order, north-south-trending right-lateral strike-slip faults. The proposed sedimentological model is that of a paleodelta prograding from north to south. The depositional environment ranges from internal to continental shelf (barrier bars, tidal and distributary channels, lagoonal and associated facies). The STOIP in the Naricual Formation is 4.8 billion bbls, 52% of which is light-grade oil and 48% is medium-grade oil. The results of reservoir pressure analyses suggest lateral communication within the Naricual Formation between the Furrial and Musipan areas and give evidence of a permeability barrier between the Furrial-Musipan and El Carito areas. Depth vs. API gravity plots indicate a direct relationship between crude oil type and depth. The application of the results of the integrated reservoir studies gives precise answers to the production behavior of wells. An adjusted development plan is now under way to guarantee a rational, optimum recovery of the oil reserves.

  18. Pdvsa maps ambitious Venezuelan oil plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-14

    Venezuela's national oil company, Petroleos de Venezuela SA (Pdvsa), is moving ahead with an ambitious investment program designed to substantially expand its activities in oil and gas exploration and production, refining, petrochemicals, and coal in the 1990s. The company, which has stakes in refining and marketing companies in the U.S., Europe, and the Caribbean, also is seeking new investment opportunities in U.S. and European markets as well as in the Far East. Pdvsa officials expect the company by 2000 to have developed a much stronger presence in the global energy market.

  19. Venezuelan oil field revival bids won

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-29

    This paper reports that four private sector companies or combines will operate inactive oil fields in Venezuela under state owned Petroleos de Venezuela's marginal field reactivation program. The award of operating contract to winning bidders marks the first time private companies will be allowed to produce crude oil in Venezuela since nationalization of the industry in 1976. Winning bidders have committed a total of $720 million in investments to the program during the 1990s. Current plans call for drilling 670 appraisals and development wells, conducting 250 workovers and well repairs, and conducting about 2,9000 line km of seismic surveys. Venezuela's energy ministry is targeting a production level of 90,000 b/d by the end of the decade from the reactivated fields.

  20. EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    brent scowcroft center on international security (1) admin

  1. GAO; Venezuelan reforms do little to spark oil investiment by U. S. firms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-03

    This paper reports that Venezuela's 1991 foreign investment reforms did little to encourage U.S. oil companies to invest there despite the overall investment attractiveness of the country's oil sector, says the U.S. General Accounting Office. In a report to Congress, GAO noted Venezuela's oil production peaked in 1970, declined through 1985, and since then has increased by about 21% through 1990. The primary factors affecting continued increases in production through 1996 include Petroleos de Venezuela SA's ability to encourage investment capital, the cost of producing and refining heavy and extra heavy crude oil., and the level of production quotas imposed by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, of which Venezuela is a member. GAO noted Venezuela implemented policy reforms in 1991 to encourage some foreign and private investment petroleum related ventures. However, these reforms have not yet succeeded in attracting U.S. investment in oil exploration, production, or refining in Venezuela.

  2. Application of oil gas-chromatography in reservoir compartmentalization in a mature Venezuelan oil field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munoz, N.G.; Mompart, L.; Talukdar, S.C.

    1996-08-01

    Gas chromatographic oil {open_quotes}fingerprinting{close_quotes} was successfully applied in a multidisciplinary production geology project by Maraven, S.A. to define the extent of vertical and lateral continuity of Eocene and Miocene sandstone reservoirs in the highly faulted Bloque I field, Maracaibo Basin, Venezuela. Seventy-five non-biodegraded oils (20{degrees}-37.4{degrees} API) were analyzed with gas chromatography. Fifty were produced from the Eocene Misoa C-4, C-5, C-6 or C-7 horizons, fifteen from the Miocene basal La Rosa and ten from multizone completions. Gas chromatographic and terpane and sterane biomarker data show that all of the oils are genetically related. They were expelled from a type II, Upper Cretaceous marine La Luna source rock at about 0.80-0.90% R{sub o} maturity. Alteration in the reservoir by gas stripping with or without subsequent light hydrocarbons mixing was observed in some oils. Detailed chromatographic comparisons among the oils shown by star plots and cluster analysis utilizing several naphthenic and aromatic peak height ratios, resulted in oil pool groupings. This led to finding previously unknown lateral and vertical reservoir communication and also helped in checking and updating the scaling character of faults. In the commingled oils, percentages of each contributing zone in the mixture were also determined giving Maraven engineers a proven, rapid and inexpensive tool for production allocation and reservoir management The oil pool compartmentalization defined by the geochemical fingerprinting is in very good agreement with the sequence stratigraphic interpretation of the reservoirs and helped evaluate the influence of structure in oil migration and trapping.

  3. Venezuelan projects advance to develop world`s largest heavy oil reserves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Croft, G.; Stauffer, K.

    1996-07-08

    A number of joint venture projects at varying stages of progress promise to greatly increase Venezuela`s production of extra heavy oil. Units of Conoco, Chevron, Total, Arco, and Mobil have either signed agreements or are pursuing negotiations with affiliates of state-owned Petroleos de Venezuela SA on the development of huge reserves of 8--10{degree} gravity crude. Large heavy oil resources are present in the oil producing areas of eastern and western Venezuela, and the largest are in eastern Venezuela`s Orinoco heavy oil belt. The paper discusses the Orinoco heavy oil belt geology and several joint ventures being implemented.

  4. The Venezuelan gas industry. Venezuela and other South American countries: Impact on imports into the U.S.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mantellini, R.

    1995-11-01

    The role of Venezuela as a supplier of natural gas and derivative products to international markets will experience significant growth in the medium to long term, in the context of expected market opportunities and the development plans envisaged regarding crude oil production. Venezuela has a very large natural gas resource base, which presently amounts to 287 trillion cubic feet (TCF) in terms of proven, probable and possible reserves. Local consumption is highly concentrated in the oil, petrochemicals, aluminum, steel and electricity generation sectors. At the current consumption level of 1.1 TCF/year, proven reserves would supply the country`s requirements for over 120 years. Probable and possible reserves would more than double this figure. Certainly, this is an indication that one is dealing with a gas surplus country with significant potential for growth towards the exports markets. In this regard, Venezuela`s competitive position is further strengthened by the fact that a large portion of its reserves are associated to crude oil, which allows for low production and handling costs, and a relatively high liquid content. It is expected that the natural gas industry will grow rapidly over the coming years. A significant number of gas projects will be developed, including the expansion of existing ones and the construction of new facilities for recovery of natural gas liquids, the expansion of city methane networks replacing LPG as a domestic and industrial fuel, the construction of ethane recovery units for petrochemical uses, etc., all of which represent an additional liquids production of more than 100 {times} 10{sup 3} bbl/d that could be exported to the US and The Caribbean.

  5. Assessment of science-related environmental issues among Venezuelan students, with comparison to United States Student Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campos-Arredondo, O.D.J.

    1985-01-01

    This study is a comparative investigation of the current level of understanding of science-related environmental issues of students in the United States and Venezuela. Major facets of the study include the following aspects. The principal science-related environmental issues included in environmental curriculum programs in the United States and Venezuela were identified from school curriculum-programs, dissertations, environmental studies of the National Association of Environmental Education in the United States, and the Memoria y Cuenta (Memoirs and Accounts) of the ministries of Education and Environment in Venezuela. The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) test items pertaining to science-related environmental issues administered to representative United States' students in 1981-1982, were subsequently translated and administered to comparable students in Venezuela, in 1984.

  6. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    per barrel cost of transportation by rail and truck has been cited by some analysts as a floor for the Brent-WTI spread. With the large gap between Brent and WTI prices, WTI is no...

  7. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    The Brent-Louisiana Light Sweet (LLS) spread settled at -0.34bbl on October 2, a decline of 4.30bbl since September 2 (Figure 3). A small differential between Brent and LLS, ...

  8. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    ... Increases in both the Brent-Louisiana Light Sweet (LLS) and LLS-WTI contributed to the wider Brent-WTI differential. These spread movements should encourage incremental movements ...

  9. Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory : 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Professor Werner Tornow along with graduate student Brent Fallin and post-doc Megha Bhike during data taking

  10. Today in Energy - Browse by Tag List - U.S. Energy Information...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Brazil Brent buildings CAB (Country Analysis Brief) CAFE standards CAISO California ... States uranium Utica utility utility cost venezuela Vermont Washington ...

  11. Deep Challenges for Foundation Performance at Savannah River Site

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Deep Challenges for Foundation Performance at Savannah River Site Frank H. Syms and Brent Gutierrez October 22, 2014

  12. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    have risen relative to North Sea Brent prices since 2012, increasing the relative revenue of shale-focused companies. While some of the spreads have widened recently, the...

  13. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    crudes with growing production, such as Bakken, and global seaborne crudes that are linked to the price of Brent have encouraged refiners to bring more domestically produced...

  14. Direct measurement and characterization of active photosynthesis...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Bernstein, Hans C. ; Kesaano, Maureen ; Moll, Karen ; Smith, Terence ; Gerlach, Robin ; Carlson, Ross ; Miller, Charles D. ; Peyton, Brent ; Cooksey, Keith ; Gardner, ...

  15. Energy Systems Integration: A Convergence of Ideas

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bobi Garrett, Stuart Macmillan, Brent Rice, and Connie Komomua National Renewable Energy Laboratory Mark O'Malley University College Dublin Dan Zimmerle Colorado State...

  16. baugie | The Ames Laboratory

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    baugie Ames Laboratory Profile Brent Augustine Student Associate Division of Materials Science & Engineering 206 Wilhelm Phone Number: 309-748-0439 Email Address: baugie

  17. Adev,Bdev,Cdev

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CUDA Fortran 2013 Mathew Colgrove The Portland Group brent.leback@pgroup.com CPU Code GPU Code real, device, allocatable, dimension(:,:) :: Adev,Bdev,Cdev . . . allocate...

  18. TTW 2-22-11

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    this community has done that for many years." - Allen Sartin, Eddy County manager Blue ... Brent Scowcroft, Vicky Bailey, Congressman Phil Sharp, Mark Ayers and Allison Macfarlane. ...

  19. 2tab.xlsx

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... Electric Power Monthly , DOEEIA-0226; and Monthly Energy Review , DOEEIA-0035. WTI and Brent crude oils, and Henry Hub natural gas spot prices from Reuter's News Service ...

  20. Bibb County, Alabama: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    169-2006 Climate Zone Number 3 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Bibb County, Alabama Brent, Alabama Centreville, Alabama Vance, Alabama West Blocton, Alabama Woodstock, Alabama...

  1. Escambia County, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    County, Florida Agri Source Fuels Places in Escambia County, Florida Bellview, Florida Brent, Florida Century, Florida Ensley, Florida Ferry Pass, Florida Gonzalez, Florida...

  2. Paleomagnetism, Potassium-Argon Ages, and Geology of Rhyolites...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Dalrymple, 1966). Authors Richard R. Doell, G. Brent Dalrymple, Robert Leland Smith and Roy A. Bailey Published Journal Geological Society of America Memoirs, 1968 DOI...

  3. Description

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    & Evaluation Josh Warner, Manager Contract Administration Mike Rose, Manager Smart GridDemand Response Lee Hall, Manager Programs Brent Barclay, Manager IndustrialAg Sector...

  4. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Jun2012_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil futures prices decreased in the month of May with both Brent and WTI currently more than 20 percent below their year to date 2012 peaks. Brent settled at $99.93 per barrel and WTI settled at $84.82 per barrel on June 7 (Figure 1). The Brent front month contract fell below $100 per barrel on June 1 for the first time since October 2011. June 1 was only the second trading day that the front Brent month contract settled below $100

  5. Microsoft Word - kiliandiscussion.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Physical Market Conditions, Paper Market Activity and the WTI-Brent Spread Discussion by: Lutz Kilian University of Michigan Crude Oil is Not Perfectly Homogeneous ● Differences in: - Composition - Location ● Traditional approach: Use of Benchmarks (WTI, Brent) ● What explains the growing spread of Brent over WTI crude oil? ● Is the WTI price unusually low or the Brent price unusually high? 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 U.S. Real RAC for

  6. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights * North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $44/barrel (b) in November, a $4/b decrease from October. Global oil inventories are estimated to have increased by 1.3 million barrels per day (b/d) in November, putting downward pressure on Brent prices. * EIA forecasts that Brent crude oil prices will average $53/b in 2015 and $56/b in 2016. Forecast West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil prices average $4/b lower than the Brent price in 2015 and $5/b lower in 2016. The current

  7. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights * Unrest in Iraq put upward pressure on world oil prices last month, helping North Sea Brent crude oil spot prices reach their highest daily level of the year at just over $115/barrel (bbl) on June 19. North Sea Brent crude oil spot prices increased from a monthly average of $110/bbl in May to $112/bbl in June. This was the 12th consecutive month in which the average Brent crude oil spot price ranged between $107/bbl and $112/bbl. EIA projects Brent crude oil prices to average

  8. Short-Term Energy Outlook February 2016

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights * North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $31/barrel (b) in January, a $7/b decrease from December and the lowest monthly average price since December 2003. Brent crude oil prices averaged $52/b in 2015, down $47/b from the average in 2014. Growth in global liquids inventories, which averaged 1.8 million barrels per day (b/d) in 2015, continues to put downward pressure on Brent prices. * Brent crude oil prices are forecast to average $38/b in 2016 and $50/b in 2017. Forecast

  9. M09: Parallel I/O in Practice

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Practice Monday, Nov. 14 8:30-5:00 Robert Latham - Argonne National Laboratory Robert Ross - Argonne National Laboratory Brent Welch - Panasas Katie Antypas - NERSC Lawrence...

  10. Sandia Energy - Sandian Invited to Speak at "Addressing the Food...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Energy Nexus," organized by the Atlantic Council's Africa Center, Energy and Environment Program and the Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security in Washington,...

  11. NE Press Releases | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future, co-chaired by former Congressman Lee Hamilton and former National Security Advisor General Brent Scowcroft, will hold its...

  12. 7-27-20100-US_FinTestimony_Kristina_Johnson.pdf

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    a Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future chaired by former Congressman Lee Hamilton and General Brent Scowcroft. The Commission is evaluating options and will...

  13. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Dixon, Brent W. (1) Eggert, Roderick G. (1) Jordan, Brett W. (1) Save Results Save this ... Thorium: Crustal abundance, joint production, and economic availability Jordan, Brett W. ; ...

  14. Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    International crude oil prices increased compared with domestic ones in June. The Brent-Light Louisiana Sweet (LLS) differential increased 50 centsb since June 1, settling at -54 ...

  15. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    International crude oil prices increased compared with domestic ones in June. The Brent-Light Louisiana Sweet (LLS) differential increased 50 centsb since June 1, settling at -54 ...

  16. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2011 and 2012 Brent and West Texas Intermediate crude oil spot prices: Thomson Reuters. 2011 and 2012 average imported crude oil cost: U.S. Energy Information...

  17. Organizational Chart

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    John Shalf Jeff Broughton Katie Antypas Jay Srinivasan Nick Wright Brent Draney Elizabeth Bautista Shane Cannon Prabhat David Skinner Richard Gerber Damian Hazen Last edited:...

  18. Microsoft Word - Heating Oil Season.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    4-2015 Heating Oil Season Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Trigger Mechanism (Cents per Gallon, Except Where Noted) Week Residential Heating Oil Price Average Brent Spot Price ...

  19. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    ... as well as a general loosening of international balances, impacted the Brent curve. ... Oil company integration: Most energy companies recently released full-year financial ...

  20. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Ap

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Brent (1) Congressional & other requests (4) electricity (19) finance (8) financial ... Browse by Tag (frequency) Sort by: Alphabetical | Frequency | Tag Cloud financial markets ...

  1. A multi-point radial photonic Doppler velocimetry (PDV) diagnostic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Dolan, Daniel H., ; Lemke, Raymond W. ; Harding, Eric ; McBride, Ryan D ; Martin, Matthew ; Blue, Brent ; Walker, Scott S ; Dalton, Devon Gardner Publication Date: ...

  2. Giant fields of the late 80s associated with type [open quotes]A[close quotes] subduction in South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duval, B.; Cramez, C. ); Figuera, J. ); Lander, R. ); Hernandez, G. )

    1993-02-01

    About 10 billion bbl of recoverable oil have been found in these three fields for which the petroleum generating subsystem is very similar. The potential source rocks are the organic sediments associated with the major downlap surface of the post-Pangea continental encroachment sedimentary cycle, i.e., MFS 91, 5 Ma (La Luna formation). However, the concentrating physico-chemical petroleum subsystem is quite different. The El Furrial/Musipan field is associated with a Tertiary foredeep basin overlying a generating Atlantic type passive margin. On the other hand, Cusiana and Ceuta fields are associated with a Tertiary foredeep basin developed over a generating back-arc basin. The different stacking of sedimentary basins controls the migration/entrapment petroleum subsystem. In El Furrial/Musipan, decollement surfaces and their associated thrusts are predominant whereas, in Ceuta and Cusiana the majority of compressional structures are created by tectonic inversions. These tectonic settings create different petroleum systems: (a) supercharged with low impedance and lateral drainage in El Furrial/Musipan, (b) normally charged with high impedance and vertically drained in Ceuta and Cusiana area. Each case requires appropriated exploration approaches.

  3. From CO2 to Methanol via Novel Nanocatalysts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Research funding: Venezuelan Institute of Petroleum Technology (Intevep), Spanish Ministry of Economy and Finance, European Regional Development Fund, and U.S. Department of Energy ...

  4. Dr. Andrew Russo

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Disabling a Killer Virus The CAMD Protein Crystallography beamline was used to determine the structure of a protein that the Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis (VEE) virus requires for...

  5. A9_ISO

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    November 2014 1 November 2014 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) Highlights  North Sea Brent crude oil spot prices fell from $95/barrel (bbl) on October 1 to $84/bbl at the end of the month. The causes included weakening outlooks for global economic and oil demand growth, the return to the market of previously disrupted Libyan crude oil production, and continued growth in U.S. tight oil production. Brent crude oil spot prices averaged $87/bbl in October, the first month Brent prices have

  6. Microsoft Word - 2013-2014 Final MSA Report.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brent Crude Oil Spot Price Forecast 1 July 10, 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Brent Crude Oil Spot Price Forecast Since the mid-1980s, benchmark crude oil prices such as West Texas Intermediate (WTI) in the United States and Brent crude oil in Europe have served as reference points that the market uses for pricing other crude oils. The historically close relationships between the major benchmarks made WTI prices a reliable indicator of the average cost of crude oil to U.S. refiners,

  7. August 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    August 2012 1 August 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook Highlights  EIA projects that the Brent crude oil spot price will average about $103 per barrel during the second half of 2012, about $3.50 per barrel higher than in last month's Outlook. The forecast Brent crude oil spot price falls to an average of $100 per barrel in 2013. The projected West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot price discount to Brent crude oil narrows from about $14 in the third quarter of 2012 to $9 by late 2013.

  8. December 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO)  EIA expects that the Brent crude oil spot price will average $110 per barrel in the fourth quarter of 2012, while the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot price will average $89 per barrel. The Brent and WTI crude oil spot prices are forecast to average $104 per barrel and $88 per barrel, respectively, in 2013. The projected WTI discount to Brent crude oil, which averaged $23 per barrel in November 2012, falls to an average of $11 per barrel by the fourth quarter of 2013. This

  9. Microsoft Word - 2012_sp_02.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Brent Crude Oil Spot Price Forecast 1 July 10, 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Brent Crude Oil Spot Price Forecast Since the mid-1980s, benchmark crude oil prices such as West Texas Intermediate (WTI) in the United States and Brent crude oil in Europe have served as reference points that the market uses for pricing other crude oils. The historically close relationships between the major benchmarks made WTI prices a reliable indicator of the average cost of crude oil to U.S. refiners,

  10. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Aug2012_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2 1 August 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 Crude Oil Prices: July crude oil futures prices showed the largest monthly rise in prices since February of this year. The Brent and WTI crude oil benchmarks settled at $105.90 and $87.13 per barrel, respectively, on August 2, with Brent increasing $8.56 per barrel and WTI increasing by $3.38 per barrel since July 2 (Figure 1). Brent crude oil prices are currently just below the level that they ended the 2011 year

  11. Microsoft Word - MPUR_May2012_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 Crude Oil Prices: Front month futures prices for Brent and WTI settled at $113.18 and $98.49 per barrel, respectively, on May 4 (Figure 1). Brent is now $13 per barrel lower compared to its 2012 high reached on March 13 and WTI is $9 per barrel off its 2012 high on February 24. Brent time spreads continued their decline in April from a peak on March 1, supporting estimates that crude oil inventories are building and suggesting that crude oil markets may be

  12. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Sep2012_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil prices rose during the first half of August and were relatively constant during the second half of the month, remaining at the higher levels. The Brent and WTI crude oil benchmarks settled at $113.49 and $95.53 per barrel, respectively, on September 6, with Brent increasing by $7.53 per barrel and WTI increasing by $6.62 per barrel since August 1 (Figure 1). Both Brent and WTI have been in narrow trading ranges over the last few

  13. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights  North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $57/barrel (b) in July, a $5/b decrease from June. Brent crude oil spot prices fell further in early August, settling at $48/b on August 7. The recent price declines reflect concerns about lower economic growth in emerging markets, expectations of higher oil exports from Iran, and continuing actual and expected growth in global inventories.  EIA forecasts that Brent crude oil prices will average $54/b in 2015 and $59/b in 2016,

  14. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    June 2014 1 June 2014 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) Highlights  North Sea Brent crude oil spot prices increased from a monthly average of $108/barrel (bbl) in April to $110/bbl in May. This was the 11 th consecutive month in which the average Brent crude oil spot price fell within a relatively narrow range of $107/bbl to $112/bbl. The discount of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil to Brent crude oil, which averaged more than $13/bbl from November through January, fell below $4/bbl in

  15. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights  North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $48/barrel (b) in October, a $1/b increase from September. Daily Brent prices have ranged between $45/b and $53/b since the beginning of September. Oil price volatility was lower during October than during August and September, but it remains elevated compared with levels in recent years.  EIA forecasts that Brent crude oil prices will average $54/b in 2015 and $56/b in 2016. The 2015 forecast price is unchanged from last month's

  16. August 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    August 2012 1 August 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook Highlights  EIA projects that the Brent crude oil spot price will average about $103 per barrel during the second half of 2012, about $3.50 per barrel higher than in last month's Outlook. The forecast Brent crude oil spot price falls to an average of $100 per barrel in 2013. The projected West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot price discount to Brent crude oil narrows from about $14 in the third quarter of 2012 to $9 by late 2013.

  17. Physical Sciences Area

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physical Market Conditions, Paper Market Activity, and the WTI-Brent Spread Bahattin Büyükşahin Thomas K. Lee James T. Moser Michel A. Robe* Abstract We document that, starting in the Fall of 2008, the benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil has periodically traded at unheard of discounts to the corresponding Brent benchmark. We further document that this discount is not reflected in spreads between Brent and other benchmarks that are directly comparable to WTI. Drawing on extant

  18. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    OL Operable Unit Pilot Study XRF Evaluation of Select Pre Hanford Orchards Bunn Amoret L Fritz Brad G Pulsipher Brent A Gorton Alicia M Bisping Lynn E Brandenberger Jill M Pino...

  19. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    100-OL-1 Operable Unit Pilot Study: XRF Evaluation of Select Pre-Hanford Orchards","Bunn, Amoret L.; Fritz, Brad G.; Pulsipher, Brent A.; Gorton, Alicia M.; Bisping, Lynn E.;...

  20. 100-OL-1 Operable Unit Pilot Study: XRF Evaluation of Select...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    OL-1 Operable Unit Pilot Study: XRF Evaluation of Select Pre-Hanford Orchards Bunn, Amoret L.; Fritz, Brad G.; Pulsipher, Brent A.; Gorton, Alicia M.; Bisping, Lynn E.;...

  1. STEAB Meeting Agenda August 2008

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Joel Serface (EIR) 12:00 Lunch (provided in meeting room) 1 1:00 Sandia National Lab (SNL) Technology Transfer Update: Brent Burdick (SNL) & Tom Brennan (EIR) 2:00 STEAB-NREL ...

  2. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... Outlook September 2014 3 Brent and the U.S. dollar: The divergence of growth expectations between the United States and the rest of the world is also reflected in currency markets. ...

  3. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Diverging U.S. and global crude oil market fundamentals cause WTI and Brent prices to converge Market fundamentals influencing U.S. and global oil markets have diverged this...

  4. Market Assessment of Refinery Outages Planned for March 2011...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fluctuating between 70 and 85 per barrel, but by the beginning of 2011, Brent crude oil was at 95 per barrel. Recent instability in the Middle East and North Africa added...

  5. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    versus Brent have generally been associated with a buildup in inventories at Cushing, OK, the delivery point of the NYMEX crude futures contract. It was thus not surprising that...

  6. International Energy Outlook 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    September 9, 2014" "Figure 1. North Sea Brent crude oil spot prices in three cases, 1990-2040 (2012 dollars per barrel)" 1990,,,37.26967935 1991,,,30.36263812 1992,,,28.59310566 ...

  7. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Date","Weekly Cushing, OK WTI Spot Price FOB (Dollars per Barrel)","Weekly Europe Brent Spot Price FOB (Dollars per Barrel)" 31415,25.78 31422,25.99 31429,24.57 31436,20.31 ...

  8. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    target weighting of Brent from 15.9 percent in 2011 to 22.3 percent in 2013, while dropping WTI from 32.6 to 24.7 percent. Similarly, the Dow Jones-UBS Commodity Index (DJUBS),...

  9. Chi-Nu "Gate Review" (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: White, Morgan C. 1 ; Haight, Robert C. 1 ; Perdue, Brent A. 1 ; Wu, Ching-Yen 1 ; Talou, Patrick 1 ; Taddeucci, Terry N. 1 ; Neudecker, Denise 1 + Show ...

  10. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    with both trading at a small premium to Brent for most of last week. The demand-driven nature of this trend is clearly demonstrated in crack spreads, or the difference between...

  11. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    price on the Monday before Labor Day since 2010 (Figure 1). The average price at the pump is now 25 centsgal lower than it was at the end of June. A lower North Sea Brent...

  12. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    oil prices was partly driven by lower demand for crude oil due to seasonal refinery maintenance. EIA's November Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) forecasts Brent and WTI prices to...

  13. ERID-240486

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fe, NM Ralph Ford-Schmid, NMED-DOE-OB Steve Yanicak, NMED-DOE-OB lasomailbox @nnsa.doe.gov Annette Russell, DOE-NA-OO-LA Jim Jones, ADPM Cathy Wilson, EES-14 Brent Newman,...

  14. Hedge Fund, Financial Stress, and Cross-Market Linkages

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Physical Market Conditions, Paper Market Activity & the WTI-Brent Spread Bahattin Büyükşahin Thomas Lee Jim Moser Michel Robe * 1 Brent WTI - Büyükşahin, Lee, Moser & Robe 2012 Physical Market Conditions, Paper Market Activity & the WTI-Brent Spread Bahattin Büyükşahin Thomas Lee Jim Moser Michel Robe * 2 Brent WTI - Büyükşahin, Lee, Moser & Robe 2012 * T H I S P R E S E N T A T I O N R E F L E C T S T H E O P I N I O N S O F I T S A U T H O R S O N L Y A N D N O T T

  15. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    level and the range of Brent prices were similar to current levels (Figure 1). That price environment continued into January of 2012 before prices increased sharply in February and...

  16. STATEMENT OF ADAM SIEMINSKI ADMINISTRATOR U.S. ENERGY INFORMATION...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and 5b, respectively, below the global waterborne market North Sea Brent, which is forecast to average 59b in 2015 and 75b in 2016. The projected discount of WTI crude oil...

  17. SEISMIC CAPACITY OF THREADED, BRAZED AND GROOVED PIPE JOINTS

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Seismic Capacity of Threaded, Brazed and Grooved Pipe Joints Brent Gutierrez, PhD, PE George Antaki, PE, F.ASME DOE NPH Conference October 25-26, 2011

  18. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    The decline was largely due to U.S. Gulf Coast (PADD 3) crude oil prices strengthening against international benchmarks. The Brent-Light Louisiana Sweet (LLS) price spread settled ...

  19. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Information Administration | Short-Term Energy Outlook May 2016 2 Louisiana Light Sweet (LLS) crude oil prices rose more than other crude oils and is trading at a premium to Brent. ...

  20. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Decreased demand for crude oil from refineries on the U.S. Gulf Coast closed the import window for light sweet crude oil into the U.S. Gulf Coast, as can been by the LLS-Brent ...

  1. Simulations of Electron Avalanches in an Ultra-Low-Background...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Robinson, John W. ; Aalseth, Craig E. ; Dion, Michael P. ; Overman, Cory T. ; Seifert, Allen ; VanDevender, Brent A. Publication Date: 2016-02-21 OSTI Identifier: 1236307 ...

  2. Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future Report to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    It was cochaired by Rep. Lee H. Hamilton and Gen. Brent Scowcroft. Other Commissioners were Mr. Mark H. Ayers, the Hon. Vicky A. Bailey, Dr. Albert Carnesale, Sen. Pete Domenici, ...

  3. Distributed Wind Energy Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Join instructor Brent Summerville for a fun and interactive workshop at Appalachian State University's Small Wind Research and Demonstration Site. Learn about a variety of distributed wind energy...

  4. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    stable, prices in the United States saw more movement. In addition to the narrowing differential between mid-continent and Gulf Coast crude prices, the closely watched Brent-WTI...

  5. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights  North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $60/barrel (b) in April, a $4/b increase from March and the highest monthly average of 2015. Despite increasing global inventories, several factors contributed to higher prices in April, including indications of higher global oil demand growth, expectations for declining U.S. tight oil production in the coming months, and the growing risk of unplanned supply outages in the Middle East and North Africa.  EIA forecasts that Brent

  6. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Outlook September 2015 1 September 2015 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) Highlights * North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $47/barrel (b) in August, a $10/b decrease from July. This third consecutive monthly decrease in prices likely reflects concerns about lower economic growth in emerging markets, expectations of higher oil exports from Iran, and continuing growth in global inventories. Crude oil price volatility increased significantly, with Brent prices showing daily changes of more

  7. New season of colloquia begins at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Princeton Plasma Physics Lab New season of colloquia begins at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory By Raphael Rosen September 15, 2015 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook The new colloquium committee. From left to right: Mike Mardenfeld, David Mikkelsen, Committee Administrator Carol Ann Austin, Brent Stratton (Photo by Elle Starkman) The new colloquium committee. From left to right: Mike Mardenfeld, David Mikkelsen, Committee Administrator Carol Ann Austin, Brent Stratton Just as

  8. Presentations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Forecasting Short-Term Crude Oil Prices EIA Workshop on Financial and Physical Oil market Linkages September 29, 2015 / Washington, D.C. By Rebecca George Office of Energy Markets and Financial Analysis Energy Information Administration Brent crude oil price forecast 2 Nominal dollars per barrel Note: This is not a Short-Term Energy Outlook projection Forecasting Crude Oil Prices - EIA Financial Workshop September 29, 2015 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Brent spot Model Forecast EIA implementation of

  9. Spectrometer for Sky-Scanning, Sun-Tracking Atmospheric Research (4STAR)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ames: Phil Russell, Jens Redemann, NASA Ames: Phil Russell, Jens Redemann, Steve Dunagan, Roy Johnson: Steve Dunagan, Roy Johnson: Battelle PND: Connor Flynn, Beat Schmid, Battelle PND: Connor Flynn, Beat Schmid, Evgueni Kassianov Evgueni Kassianov NASA GSFC: Alexander Sinyuk, Brent NASA GSFC: Alexander Sinyuk, Brent Holben Holben , , & AERONET Team & AERONET Team Collaboration involving: Collaboration involving: NASA Ames, Battelle PND, NASA GSFC NASA Ames, Battelle PND, NASA GSFC 4S 4S

  10. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the feeling was that at some point Venezuelan production would begin to increase and the crisis would dissipate. But this year, it is difficult to see what might turn the market...

  11. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Data Begin to Reflect Venezuelan Impacts Since the beginning of the general strike in Venezuela, the fourth-largest source of U.S. oil imports, during the first week in December,...

  12. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    oil imports from Saudi Arabia increased sharply, along with crude oil imports from Nigeria. Venezuelan crude oil imports, for the second week in a row, continue on a path...

  13. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Mayan Nigerian Qua Iboe Venezuelan Merey 1983 Average ... 24.54 - 23.99 - - 1984 Average ... 24.70 - 25.35 - - 1985 Average ... 23.79 - 24.23 - - 1986...

  14. Venezuela: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in the country has fallen, while domestic consumption has risen, causing a decline in net oil exports. EIA estimates the Venezuelan net exports fell again in 2010 to 1.59...

  15. Annual Energy Outlook 2015

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Annual Energy Outlook 2015 AEO Annual Energy Outlook AEO2015 Annual Energy Outlook 2015 API American Petroleum Institute bbl Barrels bbl/d Barrels per day Brent North Sea Brent Btu British thermal unit(s) CAFE Corporate average fuel economy CAIR Clean Air Interstate Rule CHP Combined heat and power CO2 Carbon dioxide CPI Consumer price index CSAPR Cross-State Air Pollution Rule CTL Coal-to-liquids E85 Motor fuel containing up to 85% ethanol EIA U.S. Energy Information Administration EOR Enhanced

  16. World class recreation, bold science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    World class recreation, bold science World class recreation, bold science Los Alamos employees enjoy access to a network of 100+ miles of high-quality trails, much of it within walking distance from key Lab facilities or from residents' front doors. April 3, 2012 Bikers (and LANL Postdocs) Brent and Pam in Los Alamos canyon riding hard on the trail Bikers (and LANL Postdocs) Brent and Pam in Los Alamos canyon riding hard on the trail. Hikers, mountain bikers, joggers, and dog walkers can wind

  17. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    5 1 April 2015 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: After increasing in February, global crude oil prices declined in March. The North Sea Brent front month futures price settled at $54.95/bbl on April 2, a decline of $4.59/bbl since the close on March 2 (Figure 1). The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures price declined by $0.45/bbl over the same period to settle at $49.14/bbl on April 2. The average Brent price for March was 3.2% lower

  18. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: North Sea Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures contracts continued their recent decline in October and the first week of November as a larger-than-normal seasonal decrease in global refinery runs from August through October lessened demand for crude oil. The Brent contract settled at $103.46 per barrel on November 7, a decline of $4.48 per barrel compared to October 1 (Figure 1). The decreases in WTI futures prices

  19. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3 1 October 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: Front month futures prices for the Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil benchmarks fell in September. The Brent contract settled at $109.00 per barrel on October 3, a decline of $6.68 per barrel since September 3, and WTI settled at $103.31 per barrel on October 3, falling by $5.23 per barrel over the same period (Figure 1). These changes marked the first month-over-month declines in

  20. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Apr2013_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: Brent crude oil prices moved lower from the beginning of March to the first week in April. The Brent front month crude oil futures price settled at $106.34 per barrel on April 4, $4.06 per barrel lower than on March 1 (Figure 1). The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil benchmark, on the other hand, rose over the last month, nearly reaching its 2013 high in March. The WTI front month futures price settled at $93.26 on April 4, an

  1. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Feb2012_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    February 2012 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration February 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 February 7, 2012 Release Crude Oil Prices: On February 2, Brent settled at $112.07 per barrel, unchanged from its closing price on January 3, and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) settled at $96.36 per barrel, a decrease of $6.30 per barrel over the same time period. Both Brent and WTI traded in narrow ranges of $4 and $7 per

  2. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Jan2013_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 Crude Oil Prices: In a continuation of the low price-volatility trend from much of fourth quarter 2012, Brent crude oil prices were relatively unchanged over the last month and remained in a narrow trading range (Figure 1). From December 3, 2012, to January 3, 2013, the average front month price of Brent crude oil was $109.48, only $0.02 per barrel lower than its November average. Over the same period, the WTI front month contract averaged $88.68 per

  3. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Jul2013_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 July 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: During June and the first week of July, Brent crude oil prices remained in the roughly $100 to $106 per barrel range that has held prices since mid-April. The front month futures contract for Brent settled at $105.76 per barrel on July 3, an increase of $3.70 per barrel compared to its settle price on June 3 and at the top of its recent range. Meanwhile, WTI crude oil prices have risen more over the

  4. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Jun2013_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 June 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: After declining in March and April, Brent and WTI prices traded in a relatively narrow range for most of May. Brent settled at $103.61 per barrel on June 6, an increase of $3.66 per barrel since May 1, and WTI settled at $94.76 per barrel on June 6, an increase of $3.73 per barrel since May 1 (Figure 1). Recent oil price reflect a more subdued outlook for world economic growth, the possibility of the

  5. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Mar2013_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil prices declined in the latter half of February and into the first week of March (Figure 1). The Brent front month futures contract settled at $111.15 per barrel on March 7, $5.61 per barrel lower than its settlement price on February 1. The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil front month futures price followed a similar price path to Brent, declining by $6.21 per barrel since February 1 to settle at $91.56 on March 7. Economic

  6. Microsoft Word - MPUR_May2013_final

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil prices declined during April with Brent prices reaching their lowest levels since the summer of 2012. The Brent front month futures contract settled at $102.85 per barrel on May 2, $8 per barrel lower than on April 1. Futures prices for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) also declined in April, with the front month contract settling at $93.99 per barrel on May 2 (Figure 1). Developments on both the supply and demand side have likely

  7. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights * The market's perception of reduced risk to Iraqi oil exports and news regarding increasing Libyan oil exports contributed to a drop in the Brent crude oil spot price to an average of $107 per barrel (bbl) in July, $5/bbl lower than the June average. EIA projects Brent crude oil prices to average $107/bbl over the second half of 2014 and $105/bbl in 2015. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil prices fell from an average of $106/bbl in June to $104/bbl in July, despite record

  8. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 December 2014 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) Highlights  North Sea Brent crude oil spot prices fell by more than 15% in November, declining from $85/barrel (bbl) on November 3 to $72/bbl on November 28. Monthly average Brent crude oil prices have declined 29% from their 2014 high of $112/bbl in June to an average of $79/bbl in November, the lowest monthly average since September 2010. The November price decline reflects continued growth in U.S. tight oil production along with weakening

  9. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights * Benchmark North Sea Brent crude oil spot prices averaged $47/barrel (b) in May, a $5/b increase from April and the fourth consecutive monthly increase since reaching a 12-year low of $31/b in January. Growing global oil supply disruptions, rising oil demand, and falling U.S. crude oil production contributed to the price increase. * Brent crude oil prices are forecast to average $43/b in 2016 and $52/b in 2017, $3/b and $1/b higher than forecast in last month's STEO,

  10. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    March 2015 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) Highlights  North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $58/barrel (bbl) in February, an increase of $10/bbl from the January average, and the first monthly average price increase since June 2014. The price increase reflects news of falling U.S. crude oil rig counts and announced reductions in capital expenditures by major oil companies, along with lower-than-expected Iraqi crude oil exports.  EIA forecasts that Brent crude oil prices will average

  11. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights * North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $42/barrel (b) in April, a $3/b increase from March. Improving economic data, growing supply disruptions, and falling U.S. crude oil production and rig counts contributed to the price increase. * Brent crude oil prices are forecast to average $41/b in 2016 and $51/b in 2017, $6/b and $10/b higher than forecast in last month's STEO, respectively. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil prices are forecast to average slightly less than

  12. Short-Term Energy Outlook July 2013

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 July 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) Highlights  The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects that the Brent crude oil spot price will average $102 per barrel over the second half of 2013, and $100 per barrel in 2014. This forecast assumes there are no disruptions to energy markets arising from the recent unrest in Egypt. After increasing to $119 per barrel in early February 2013, the Brent crude oil spot price fell to a low of $97 per barrel in mid-April and then

  13. Short-Term Energy Outlook June 2013

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 June 2013 Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) Highlights * After increasing to $119 per barrel in early February 2013, the Brent crude oil spot price fell to a low of $97 per barrel in mid-April and then recovered to an average of $103 per barrel in May. EIA expects that the Brent crude oil spot price will average $102 per barrel over the second half of 2013, and $100 per barrel in 2014. * EIA expects the price of regular gasoline will average $3.53 per gallon over the summer driving season

  14. Short-Term Energy Outlook March 2016

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights * North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $32/barrel (b) in February, a $1/b increase from January. * Brent crude oil prices are forecast to average $34/b in 2016 and $40/b in 2017, $3/b and $10/b lower than forecast in last month's STEO, respectively. The lower forecast prices reflect oil production that has been more resilient than expected in a low-price environment and lower expectations for forecast oil demand growth. * Forecast West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil

  15. January 2013 EFRC Newsletter | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (STEO)  This edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook is the first to include forecasts for 2014.  EIA expects that the Brent crude oil spot price, which averaged $112 per barrel in 2012, will fall to an average of $105 per barrel in 2013 and $99 per barrel in 2014. The projected discount of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil to Brent, which averaged $18 per barrel in 2012, falls to an average of $16 per barrel in 2013 and $8 per barrel in 2014, as planned new pipeline capacity lowers

  16. September 2013 EFRC Newsletter | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Highlights  Brent crude oil spot prices have increased at a relatively steady pace from their 2012 low of $89 per barrel on June 25 to their recent high of $117 per barrel on August 23 because of the seasonal tightening of oil markets and continuing unexpected production outages. EIA expects Brent crude oil prices to fall from recent highs over the rest of 2012, averaging $111 per barrel over the last 4 months of 2012 and $103 per barrel in 2013. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot

  17. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiman, W.D.

    1987-10-01

    Exploration activity in South America, Central America, the Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1986 was considerably reduced compared to 1985. Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, and Venezuela had increased oil production, with Colombia showing a dramatic 71% increase attributed mainly to bringing on-stream the pipeline connecting Occidental-Shell-Ecopetrol's Cano Limon complex to the port of Covenas. Significant discoveries were reported from Argentina in the Olmedo, Oran, and San Jorge basins; Brazil in the offshore Campos and Amazon basins; Colombia in the Llanos basin; Ecuador in the Oriente basin; Mexico in the Bay of Campeche; Peru in the Ucayali basin; and Venezuela in the Eastern Venezuela basin. Eastern Venezuela's Furrial discovery is reported to have recoverable reserves of more than 1 million bbl of oil, and Shell's Ucayali basin discovery is reported to hold more than 7 tcf of gas. 7 figures, 10 tables.

  18. More on giant fields of northern S. America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duval, B.C.; Cramez, C.; Valdes, G.E.

    1995-07-24

    The first part of this article profiled Cano Limon-Guafita, Ceuta-Tomoporo (centro), and El Furrial-Carito-Tejero oil fields in Venezuela. In this concluding part the authors take a look at the Colombian foothills. It is concluded that the dangers and limits of big magic classifications and simple paradigms like thrust belt hydrocarbons are evident. The understanding of a single field, although it is a much needed step, is not sufficient to get the full picture. Petroleum systems are dynamic, discontinuous, and heterogeneous. Any seemingly slight difference in the initial conditions can have a disproportionate impact on key parameters, and recognizing them is very much what makes a lucky explorer.

  19. Spot Prices for Crude Oil and Petroleum Products

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Crude Oil WTI - Cushing, Oklahoma 31.32 34.43 37.69 38.32 39.18 36.82 1986-2016 Brent - Europe 33.12 36.28 39.30 38.50 39.19 37.0 1987-2016 Conventional Gasoline New York Harbor, ...

  20. University of Wisconsin - Madison | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Wisconsin - Madison University of Wisconsin - Madison Team Roster: Austin Renfert, Real Estate and Entrepreneurship; Connor Sawyers, International Business and Marketing; Dustin Wahlquist, Finance and Entrepreneurship; Brigham Starks, Environmental Science; Zezhong Du, Agricultural Economics; Ian Berg, Civil and Environmental Engineering; Wilson Towne, Political Science and Economics; Walker Willis, Electrical Engineering; Joe Snodgrass, Electrical Engineering; Brent Grimm, Computer Engineering;

  1. BPA-2010-01030-FOIA Response

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    503-230-4295 Mark Hadley 208-612-3170 Bonnie Hage 503-230-5104 Brent Hagen 360-418-2189 Nancy Hagen 503-230-3990 Linda Hagensen 360-619-6795 John Hahn 360-619-6257 Mary Haight...

  2. Recovery and upgrading of heavy oil analyzed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fornoff, L.L.; Van Driesen, R.P.; Viens, C.H.

    1980-10-13

    An analysis has been made of recovery and upgrading of Venezuelan heavy crudes by integrating steam-drive production data with an upgraded computer processing program. A study used 110 computer cases to analyze a project using Venezuelan heavy crude from the Jobo field with gravity of 9.2 API and 4.1% by wt sulfur for the base case. Sensitivity cases used 12.2 API oil from the Lot 9 field, Monagas state, Venezuela, with sulfur content of 2.3%. Four upgrading methods were studied (deasphalting, delayed coking, flexicoking, and LC-fining), all with favorable resulting economics.

  3. Setting a new course

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyle, D.

    1999-11-01

    Venezuela and Brazil promise enormous rewards for international oil and gas companies that help them realize their production goals--but risk partially offsets the potential rewards, and neither nation is giving anything away. Oil and gas companies are trying to squeeze every concession they can get from these countries. And the countries are trying to give away as little as possible while still reaching their goals. As usual in these situations, the middle ground doesn't make either side extremely happy, but both have agreements they can live with. Economics and politics are discussed. The paper also describes Brazilian potential, Venezuelan investment, licensing in Brazil, Venezuelan activity and Brazil blocks.

  4. Venezuela to double Supermetanol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-04-23

    Pequiven, the petrochemical arm of Venezuelan state oil company PDVSA, is conducting feasibility studies to double the size of its 750,000-m.t./year Supermetanol methanol joint venture with Ecofuel at Jose. The twin unit would be onstream by the end of the decade and would increase Pequiven`s capacity to 2.3 million m.t./year.

  5. FTP Emissions Test Results from Flexible-Fuel Methanol Dodge Spirits and Ford Econoline Vans

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    FTP Emissions Test Results from Flexible-Fuel Methanol Dodge Spirits and Ford Econoline Vans Kenneth J. Kelly, Brent K. Bailey, and Timothy C. Coburn National Renewable Energy Laboratory Wendy Clark Automotive Testing Laboratories, Inc. Leslie Eudy ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc. Peter Lissiuk Environmental Research and Development Corp. Presented at Society for Automotive Engineers International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting Dearborn, MI May 6-8, 1996 The work described here was

  6. Federal Test Procedure Emissions Test Results from Ethanol Variable-Fuel Vehicle Chevrolet Luminas

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Federal Test Procedure Emissions Test Results from Ethanol Variable-Fuel Vehicle Chevrolet Luminas Kenneth J. Kelly, Brent K. Bailey, and Timothy C. Coburn National Renewable Energy Laboratory Wendy Clark Automotive Testing Laboratories, Inc. Peter Lissiuk Environmental Research and Development Corp. Presented at Society for Automotive Engineers International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting Dearborn, MI May 6-8, 1996 The work described here was wholly funded by the U.S. Department of Energy,

  7. Round 1 Emissions Results from Compressed Natural Gas Vans and Gasoline Controls Operating in the U.S. Federal Fleet

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    Round 1 Emissions Results from Compressed Natural Gas Vans and Gasoline Controls Operating in the U.S. Federal Fleet Kenneth J. Kelly, Brent K. Bailey, and Timothy C. Coburn National Renewable Energy Laboratory Leslie Eudy ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc. Peter Lissiuk Environmental Research and Development Corp. Presented at Society for Automotive Engineers International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting Dearborn, MI May 6-8, 1996 The work described here was wholly funded by the U.S.

  8. Combined Heat and Power: Connecting the Gap between Markets and Utility Interconnection and Tariff Practices (Part I)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Combined Heat and Power: Connecting the Gap between Markets and Utility Interconnection and Tariff Practices (Part I) Susanne Brooks, Brent Elswick, and R. Neal Elliott March 2006 Report Number IE062 ©American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy 1001 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 801, Washington, D.C. 20036 (202) 429-8873 phone, (202) 429-2248 fax, http://aceee.org Web site CHP: Connecting the Gap, ACEEE Contents

  9. CCHF | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    CCHF Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers EFRC External Websites Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications History Contact BES Home Centers CCHF Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Center for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Functionalization (CCHF) Director(s): T. Brent Gunnoe Lead Institution: University of Virginia Years: 2009-2014 Mission: To develop, validate, and optimize new methods to rearrange the bonds of hydrocarbons, implement enzymatic strategies

  10. Round Robin Testing of Commercial Hydrogen Sensor Performance - Observations and Results: Preprnt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Round 1 Emissions Results from Compressed Natural Gas Vans and Gasoline Controls Operating in the U.S. Federal Fleet Kenneth J. Kelly, Brent K. Bailey, and Timothy C. Coburn National Renewable Energy Laboratory Leslie Eudy ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc. Peter Lissiuk Environmental Research and Development Corp. Presented at Society for Automotive Engineers International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting Dearborn, MI May 6-8, 1996 The work described here was wholly funded by the U.S.

  11. Advanced and Cellulosic Biofuels and Biorefineries: State of the Industry,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Policy and Politics | Department of Energy and Cellulosic Biofuels and Biorefineries: State of the Industry, Policy and Politics Advanced and Cellulosic Biofuels and Biorefineries: State of the Industry, Policy and Politics Afternoon Plenary Introduction Brent Erickson, Executive Vice President, BIO b13_erickson_day2-apintro.pdf (2.18 MB) More Documents & Publications Biomass 2013 Agenda Biomass 2012 Agenda U.S. Biofuels Industry: Mind the Gap

  12. Magellan Final Report

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Magellan Report on Cloud Computing for Science U.S. Department of Energy Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) December, 2011 CSO 23179 The Magellan Report on Cloud Computing for Science U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) December, 2011 Magellan Leads Katherine Yelick, Susan Coghlan, Brent Draney, Richard Shane Canon Magellan Staff Lavanya Ramakrishnan, Adam Scovel, Iwona Sakrejda, Anping Liu, Scott Campbell,

  13. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Robust Online Monitoring Technology for Recalibration Assessment of Transmitters and Instrumentation Pradeep Ramuhalli, Jamie Coble* Pacific Northwest National Laboratory *University of Tennessee September 16-18, 2014 2 Project Overview  Goal: Develop and evaluate a standardized framework for next- generation online monitoring applicable to current and future nuclear systems  Participants:  PNNL (Pradeep Ramuhalli, Susan Crawford)  University of Tennessee (Jamie Coble)  AMS (Brent

  14. FULLY EXECUTED DE-AC27-01RV14136. M149.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FTP Emissions Test Results from Flexible-Fuel Methanol Dodge Spirits and Ford Econoline Vans Kenneth J. Kelly, Brent K. Bailey, and Timothy C. Coburn National Renewable Energy Laboratory Wendy Clark Automotive Testing Laboratories, Inc. Leslie Eudy ManTech Environmental Technology, Inc. Peter Lissiuk Environmental Research and Development Corp. Presented at Society for Automotive Engineers International Spring Fuels and Lubricants Meeting Dearborn, MI May 6-8, 1996 The work described here was

  15. Liquefaction Triggering Evaluations at DOE Sites - An Update | Department

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of Energy Liquefaction Triggering Evaluations at DOE Sites - An Update Liquefaction Triggering Evaluations at DOE Sites - An Update Liquefaction Triggering Evaluations at DOE Sites - An Update 2014 Natural Phenomena Hazards Meeting October 21-22, 2014 Germantown, Maryland Michael R. Lewis, Bechtel Corporation Michael D. Boone, Bechtel Corporation Rucker J. Williams, Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC Brent Gutierrez, U.S. Department of Energy, Savannah River Site Liquefaction Triggering

  16. NREL: Process Development and Integration Laboratory - Stand-Alone

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Measurements and Characterization Capabilities Stand-Alone Measurements and Characterization Capabilities The Stand-Alone Measurements and Characterization (M&C) tools in the Process Development and Integration Laboratory offer powerful capabilities for measuring and characterizing photovoltaic materials and devices. Contact Brent Nelson or other contacts listed on specific tool pages for more details on these capabilities. Basic Stand-Alone M&C Capabilities Measurements and

  17. Solar, Wind, Hydropower: Home Renewable Energy Installations | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy Solar, Wind, Hydropower: Home Renewable Energy Installations Solar, Wind, Hydropower: Home Renewable Energy Installations April 17, 2013 - 1:44pm Addthis This Lakewood, Colorado home was built in 1956. Brent and Mo Nelson upgraded the home with multiple solar technologies including; daylighting, passive solar and active solar. They also have an 80 gallon solar hot water heater. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, National Renewable Energy Laboratory. This Lakewood, Colorado home was built

  18. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Robust Online Monitoring Technology for Recalibration Assessment of Transmitters and Instrumentation Pradeep Ramuhalli, Jamie Coble* Pacific Northwest National Laboratory *University of Tennessee September 16-18, 2014 2 Project Overview  Goal: Develop and evaluate a standardized framework for next- generation online monitoring applicable to current and future nuclear systems  Participants:  PNNL (Pradeep Ramuhalli, Susan Crawford)  University of Tennessee (Jamie Coble)  AMS (Brent

  19. Energy Systems Integration: A Convergence of Ideas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Systems Integration A Convergence of Ideas July 2012 Ben Kroposki, Bobi Garrett, Stuart Macmillan, Brent Rice, and Connie Komomua National Renewable Energy Laboratory Mark O'Malley University College Dublin Dan Zimmerle Colorado State University NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. 1 Energy Systems Integration A Convergence of Ideas Benjamin Kroposki, Bobi Garrett,

  20. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Robust Online Monitoring Technology for Recalibration Assessment of Transmitters and Instrumentation Pradeep Ramuhalli, Jamie Coble* Pacific Northwest National Laboratory *University of Tennessee September 16-18, 2014 2 Project Overview  Goal: Develop and evaluate a standardized framework for next- generation online monitoring applicable to current and future nuclear systems  Participants:  PNNL (Pradeep Ramuhalli, Susan Crawford)  University of Tennessee (Jamie Coble)  AMS (Brent

  1. INL's Move to Google Apps Enables Flexibility, Scalability | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy INL's Move to Google Apps Enables Flexibility, Scalability INL's Move to Google Apps Enables Flexibility, Scalability December 7, 2011 - 1:42pm Addthis Brent Stacey, Chief Information Officer and Information Management Director at Energy's Idaho National Laboratory (INL) recently stated, "INL is moving to what we call a high performance workplace." How is INL doing this, you may ask? First INL (with lab-wide participation) has identified 10 improvement themes over 5 years.

  2. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Dec2012_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil prices have been relatively unchanged since the start of November (Figure 1). The ranges for both Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) from November 1 to December 6 are the smallest over any five-week period since April of this year. Relatively stable crude oil prices may reflect a balance of risk as markets wait for more news concerning potential supply disruptions and future economic growth. Specific events like the

  3. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Nov2011_final_11.7.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    11 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration November 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 November 8, 2011 Release Crude Oil Prices. On October 4, prices for both world waterborne (Brent) and U.S. domestic (West Texas Intermediate) crude oil reached their lowest levels since February 2011 and August 2010, respectively, as uncertainty surrounding European debt and fears of slower economic growth weighed heavily on markets.

  4. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Oct2011_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration October 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 October 12, 2011 Release Crude Oil Prices. World crude oil prices generally moved downward during the month of September, with Brent crude oil falling over $12 during the month and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) a slightly lower $9 (Figure 1). Economic concerns and a continued debt crisis in Europe lowered price levels across multiple asset

  5. Press Room - Press Releases - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    8, 2014 2014 Summer Fuels Outlook Key factors driving the short-term outlook * World liquid fuels consumption growth driven by emerging economies, with continuing consumption declines in OECD countries. * Non-OPEC supply growth, particularly in North America, expected to keep pace with world liquid fuels consumption growth and contribute to modest declines in world crude oil prices. * Brent crude oil prices fall gradually over the forecast, averaging, from $109 per barrel in 2013 to $105 per

  6. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights * Crude oil prices increased during the first three weeks of July 2013 as world oil markets tightened in the face of seasonal increases in world consumption, unexpected supply disruptions, and heightened uncertainty over the security of supply with the renewed unrest in Egypt. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) expects that the Brent crude oil spot price, which averaged $108 per barrel over the first half of 2013, will average $104 per barrel over the second half

  7. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights  January was the seventh consecutive month in which monthly average North Sea Brent crude oil prices decreased, reaching $48/barrel (bbl), the lowest since March 2009. The price decline reflects continued growth in U.S. tight oil production and strong global supply, amid weaker global oil demand growth, which contributed to rising global oil inventories. In January, estimated Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) total commercial oil inventories

  8. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights  This edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook is the first to include forecasts for 2016.  December was the sixth consecutive month in which monthly average Brent prices decreased, falling $17/barrel (bbl) from November to a monthly average of $62/bbl, the lowest since May 2009. The December price decline reflects continued growth in U.S. tight oil production, strong global supply, and weakening outlooks for the global economy and oil demand growth.  EIA forecasts

  9. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights * North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $64/barrel (b) in May, a $5/b increase from April and the highest monthly average of 2015. Despite estimated global inventories increasing by more than 2 million barrels per day (b/d) for the third consecutive month, several factors contributed to higher prices in May, including continued signals of higher global oil demand growth, expectations for declining U.S. tight oil production in the coming months, and the growing risk of

  10. Table Definitions, Sources, and Explanatory Notes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Spot Prices Definitions Key Terms Definition Brent A blended crude stream produced in the North Sea region which serves as a reference or "marker" for pricing a number of other crude streams. Conventional Gasoline Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock. Crude Oil A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural

  11. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Table 2-1. North Sea Brent crude oil spot prices in three cases, 2012-40 2013 dollars per barrel Year Reference Low Oil Price High Oil Price 2012 113 113 113 2020 79 58 149 2025 91 64 169 2030 106 69 194 2035 122 72 221 2040 141 76 252 Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Annual Energy Outlook 2015, DOE-EIA-0383(2015) (Washington, DC: April 2015)

  12. Science-Driven Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science-Driven Network Requirements for ESnet Update to the 2002 Office of Science Networking Requirements Workshop Report February 21, 2006 1-1 Science-Driven Network Requirements for ESnet Update to the 2002 Office of Science Networking Requirements Workshop Report February 21, 2006 Contributors Paul Adams, LBNL (Advanced Light Source) Shane Canon, ORNL (NLCF) Steven Carter, ORNL (NLCF) Brent Draney, LBNL (NERSC) Martin Greenwald, MIT (Magnetic Fusion Energy) Jason Hodges, ORNL (Spallation

  13. 2014 WIND POWER PROGRAM PEER REVIEW-DISTRIBUTED WIND

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Distributed Wind March 24-27, 2014 Wind Energy Technologies PR-5000-62152 2 Contents Distributed Wind Annual Market Report on Wind Technologies in Distributed Applications & Distributed Wind Policy Comparison Tool-Alice Orrell, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Government, Industry, International Partnerships-Karin Sinclair, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Certifying Distributed Wind Turbines-Brent Summerville, Small Wind Certification Council Loads Analysis and Standards

  14. INNOVATION MARKETPLACE A QUARTERLY UPDATE OF AVAILABLE TECHNOLOGIES FOR INDUSTRY

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy INL's Move to Google Apps Enables Flexibility, Scalability INL's Move to Google Apps Enables Flexibility, Scalability December 7, 2011 - 1:42pm Addthis Brent Stacey, Chief Information Officer and Information Management Director at Energy's Idaho National Laboratory (INL) recently stated, "INL is moving to what we call a high performance workplace." How is INL doing this, you may ask? First INL (with lab-wide participation) has identified 10 improvement themes over 5 years.

  15. Seismic Capacity of Threaded, Brazed, and Grooved Pipe Joints

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    SEISMIC CAPACITY OF THREADED, BRAZED AND GROOVED PIPE JOINTS Brent Gutierrez, PhD, PE George Antaki, PE, F.ASME DOE NPH Conference October 25-26, 2011 Motivation * Understand the behavior and failure mode of common joints under extreme lateral loads * Static and shake table tests conducted of pressurized - Threaded, - Brazed, - Mechanical joints Static Testing o Pressurized spool to 150 psi o Steady downward force applied while recording deflections o Grooved clamped mech. joints * 16 tests

  16. This is the title of the presentation on three lines if you need it

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Polymers for Tritium Service Laura Tovo Jay Gaillard 1 , Steven Serkiz 1 , Hector Colon-Mercado 1 , Brent Peters 1 , Timothy DeVol 2 , Richard Czerw 3 Tritium Engineer: Louis Boone September 24, 2014 1 Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC 2 Clemson University, Clemson, SC 2 NanoTechLabs, Inc., Yadkinville, NC Tritium Focus Group (TFG) meeting 23-25 Sept. 2014, Energy Innovation Laboratory Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID Project Team 2 * Jay Gaillard - SRNL/Material Science

  17. Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2015

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    International Energy Module The National Energy Modeling System International Energy Module (IEM) simulates the interaction between U.S. and global petroleum markets. It uses assumptions of economic growth and expectations of future U.S. and world crude-like liquids production and consumption to estimate the effects of changes in U.S. liquid fuels markets on the international petroleum market. For each year of the forecast, the IEM computes Brent and WTI prices, provides a supply curve of world

  18. Financial Review of the Global Oil and Natural Gas Industry 2015

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Financial Review of the Global Oil and Natural Gas Industry: First-quarter 2016 Markets and Financial Analysis Team July 2016 Key findings for first-quarter 2016 * Brent crude oil prices averaged at the lowest level since 2004, significantly reducing profits and cash flow for energy companies. * Production increased from year-ago levels, but growth is decelerating as companies reduced capital expenditure. * Many companies were able to balance their capital expenditure with cash from operations.

  19. Presentation title: This can be up to 2 lines

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8, 2014 2014 Summer Fuels Outlook Key factors driving the short-term outlook * World liquid fuels consumption growth driven by emerging economies, with continuing consumption declines in OECD countries. * Non-OPEC supply growth, particularly in North America, expected to keep pace with world liquid fuels consumption growth and contribute to modest declines in world crude oil prices. * Brent crude oil prices fall gradually over the forecast, averaging, from $109 per barrel in 2013 to $105 per

  20. Presentation title: This can be up to 2 lines

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    April 12, 2016 2016 Summer Fuels Outlook Key factors driving the short-term oil market outlook * Global oil supply is expected to remain higher than global consumption in 2016, keeping oil prices at relatively low levels this summer compared with previous years * Brent crude oil prices are forecast to average $35/b in summer 2016, $21/b lower than last summer * However, there is significant price uncertainty. The current values of futures and options contracts suggest a 8% probability WTI prices

  1. Notice - DOE Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Workshop Summary Notes Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages II September 27, 2012 Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, D.C. 20585 Session 1: 9:15 a.m. - 10:45 a.m. Paper Title: Physical Market Conditions, Paper Market Activity, and the Brent-WTI Spread Presenter: Michel Robe, American University Discussant: Lutz Kilian, University of Michigan Presentation: [Presentation materials link in here] Paper Abstract We document that, starting in the Fall of 2008, the

  2. NERSC Staff Honored with Director's Awards for Exceptional Achievement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Staff Honored with Director's Awards for Exceptional Achievement NERSC Staff Honored with Director's Awards for Exceptional Achievement September 14, 2015 Jon Bashor, jbashor@lbl.gov, 510-486-5849 Directors-Awards.jpg The award recipeients: (Top row, clockwise) Deborah Agarwal (CRD), Eli Dart (ESnet), Brent Draney (NERSC), Lynne Rippe (NERSC) and James Sethian (CRD). Five employees in the Computing Sciences organization are recipients of this year's Director's Awards for Exceptional Achievement,

  3. Attendee List

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Attendee List Attendee List ERSUG - Attendees John Allen - NERSC Bas Braams - NYU Jack Byers - LLNL Bruce Curtis - NERSC David Feller - PNL Judith Giarrusso - PPPL Brent Gorda - NERSC Bruce Griffing - NERSC Bill Herrmannsfeldt - SLAC Brian Hingerty - ORNL Barry Howard - NERSC Stephen Jardin - PPPL Morris Jette - NERSC Bruce Kelly - NERSC Rick Kendall - PNL Tom Kitchens - DOE Dale Koelling - DOE Jean-Noel Leboeuf - ORNL Steve Louis - NERSC Maureen McCarthy - PNL Michel McCoy - NERSC William

  4. Oil discoveries and basin resource prediction in Latin America: Past, present, and future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kronman, G.E.; Aleman, A.M.; Rushworth, S.W. )

    1993-02-01

    Over 350 oil discoveries were made in Latin America during the 1980s. About 12% are estimated to contain reserves greater than 100 MMBO. Several of the larger finds (>500 MMBO), such as Cusiana (Colombia), Furrial/Musipan (Venezuela), Cano Lima (Colombia) and Marlim (Brazil) represent an important part of the giant field found worldwide since 1980. Most of the larger discoveries were made by national oil companies in Venezuela, Mexico and Brazil. Undiscovered oil resources of 40-80 BBO are estimated to remain in the highest potential Latin American basins, including those in Mexico, based on historical field size data and current geological knowledge. Over 150 BBO of produced oil and proven reserves has been found in the same group of basins. The probability of finding large undiscovered oil and gas fields (>100 MMBOE) in selected established and mature Latin American basins is high. The Campos (Brazil), Llanos (Colombia), Magadalena (Colombia), Maracaibo (Venezuela), Marahon-Oriente-Putomayo (Peru-Ecuador-Colombia), Maturin (Venezuela), Reforma-Campeche (Mexico) and Ucayali (Peru) basins have the best possibility for such accumulations. Another tier of frontier and emerging basins may also contain significant resources, but limited data makes it difficult to estimate their undiscovered resources. Some of the higher potential basins in this group include the Sierra de Chiapas (Mexico/Guatemala), Huallaga (Peru), Yucatan (Mexico), Sabinas, and Burgos (Mexico) basins.

  5. World's largest single crystal of gold verified by Los Alamos instruments

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Alamos verifies largest single gold crystal World's largest single crystal of gold verified by Los Alamos instruments Using Lujan Center's HIPPO instrument, researchers probed the specimen with neutrons to gather critical information December 22, 2014 World's largest single crystal of gold verified by Los Alamos instruments Neutron diffraction data collected on the single-crystal diffraction (SCD) instrument at the Lujan Center, from the Venezuelan gold sample, indicate that the sample is a

  6. World's largest single crystal of gold verified at Los Alamos

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    World's largest single crystal of gold verified at Los Alamos World's largest single crystal of gold verified at Los Alamos The SCD instrument is used to determine the periodic atomic arrangement or crystal structure of single crystals, both natural and synthetic. April 7, 2014 Neutron diffraction data collected on the single-crystal diffraction (SCD) instrument at the Lujan Center, from the Venezuelan gold sample, indicate that the sample is a single crystal. Neutron diffraction data collected

  7. A global perspective on energy markets and economic integration.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, Arnold Barry

    2006-04-01

    What will be the effect of Iraqi domestic instability on Iraqi oil production Negotiations for Iranian nuclear technology on Iranian oil supplies Saudi commitment to expanded oil production President Putin's policies on Russian oil and natural gas supplies President Chavez's policies on Venezuelan oil supplies Instability in Nigeria Higher oil prices on world economic growth Effect of economic growth on oil demand in China, India, U.S., etc. Higher oil prices on non-OPEC oil supplies

  8. Short Term Energy Outlook, March 2003

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook March 2003 Overview World Oil Markets. February crude oil prices moved higher than expected pushed by fears of a war in Iraq, low inventories, slow recovery in Venezuelan exports, continued cold weather and sharply higher natural gas prices in the United States. West Texas Intermediate prices averaged close to $36 for the month (Figure 1), a level not seen since October 1990. Oil inventories continued lower through the month resulting in a cumulative reduction in

  9. Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook April 2003 Summer 2003 Motor Gasoline Outlook Summary For the upcoming summer season (April to September 2003), high crude oil costs and other factors are expected to yield average retail motor gasoline prices higher than those of last year. Current crude oil prices reflect a substantial uncertainty premium due to concerns about the current conflict in the Persian Gulf, lingering questions about whether Venezuelan oil production will recover to near pre-strike

  10. Pdvsa plans to hike productive capacity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-13

    This paper reports that Venezuela's state oil company plans to jump its productive capacity by 117,000 b/d to 2.92 million b/d this year. Petroleos de Venezuela also projects sizable increases for oil and gas reserves and plans record spending in 1992. Meantime, Pdvsa is sounding a warning again about the Venezuelan government's excessive tax take amid debate within the company about spending priorities.

  11. NERSC Update 2014-02-06.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Broughton! NERSC Deputy for Operations NERSC Update --- 1 --- February 1 8, 2 014 Agenda * Organiza4on & C hanges * Budget * Edison * CRT a nd M ove---in P lans * NERSC---8 --- 2 --- Berkeley Lab Org Chart --- 3 --- Systems Department NERSC Management Team... --- 4 --- Sudip D osanjh NERSC D irector Jeff B roughton Deputy f or O pera4ons Ka4e Antypas User Services DH Francesca Verdier Alloca4ons M anager John S half CTO Elizabeth Bau4sta Opera4ons T ech Shane Canon Tech I ntegra4on Brent D

  12. NUG 2013 Business Day

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    » Business Day NUG 2013 Business Day NUG Business Meeting Agenda Tuesday, February 12, 2013 NERSC Oakland Scientific Facility 8:30 - Working Breakfast: Welcome and Introductions -- Stephane Ethier 9:00 - NERSC Accomplishments and Plans -- Francesca Verdier 9:30 - Department of Energy Update -- Dave Goodwin 9:45 - NERSC's New Building Update -- Brent Draney 10:00 - Edison Update -- Richard Gerber, Tina DeClerck, Zhengji Zhao 10:30 - Break 10:45 - The NERSC 8 Procurement -- Katie Antypas 11:15 -

  13. Capacity Utilization

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    THIS TIME ITS DIFFERENT; REALLY? MUSTAFA MOHATAREM Chief Economist, Public Policy Center Global Economics and Trade 0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 160.0 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 CHARTING THE ENERGY STORY THROUGH 'THE ECONOMIST' COVERS Brent (USD Per Barrel) Global Economics and Trade Global Economics and Trade THE KEY THEME HERE IS THAT Demand Response Reduced Consumption of Oil, Reduced Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT), Search for

  14. Agenda

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Agenda Agenda November 18, 2002 in Baltimore Note: all times are Eastern Time. Time Speaker Topic 8:00- 8:30 Continental Breakfast 8:30- 8:45 Rob Ryne Welcome / Introductions 8:45- 9:30 Horst Simon Overview: NERSC status report and plans for FY03, NERSC-3 status, user survey, mass storage, big splash, budget issues 9:30-10:00 Cary Whitney NERSC-3 in production 10:00-10:30 Break 10:30-11:00 Walt Polansky Report from Washington DC 11:00-11:30 Brent Gorda NERSC 4 procurement and decision for NERSC

  15. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: After reaching a four-month low in the beginning of August, crude oil prices rebounded close to the highest levels of the year. The front-month Brent crude oil price increased $3.31 per barrel (b) since August 1, settling at $45.45/b on September 1 (Figure 1). The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front-month crude oil price settled at $43.16/b, an increase of $3.10/b over the same period. Price volatility in global equity markets declined in

  16. Microsoft Word - RSSkied_AWG_Monterey2007.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Meeting 2007 Comparison of aerosol optical depth from passive and active measurements during the 2005 Aerosol Lidar Validation Experiment (ALIVE) at SGP Peter Kiedron 1 , Connor Flynn 2 , Richard Ferrare 3 , Brent Holben 4 , Joseph Michalsky 5 , Beat Schmid 6 and James Slusser 7 1 CIRES/NOAA/Earth System Research Laboratory, peter.kiedron@noaa.gov 2 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, connor.flynn@pnl.gov 3 NASA Langley Research Center, richard.a.ferrare@nasa.gov 4 NASA/Goddard Space Flight

  17. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: After increasing at the start of March, crude oil prices stabilized and traded within a relatively narrow range through the first week of April. The North Sea Brent front month futures price rose $2.62 per barrel (b) from March 1 to settle at $39.43/b on April 7 (Figure 1). The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures price rose $2.86/b and settled at $37.26 over the same period. The increase in crude oil prices alongside

  18. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil prices moved lower through much of July and early August. The North Sea Brent front month futures price declined $12.49 per barrel (b) since July 1 to settle at $49.52/b on August 6 (Figure 1). The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures price declined $12.30/b over the same time, settling at $44.66/b on August 6. Both benchmarks recorded their largest month-over-month decline since January 2015. One of the factors that

  19. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 December 2014 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil prices continued to move lower in November and recorded their fifth consecutive month of declines. The North Sea Brent front month futures price settled at $69.64/bbl on December 4, a decline of $15.14/bbl from November 3 (Figure 1). The front month West Texas Intermediate (WTI) contract price settled at $66.81/bbl on December 4, decreasing by $11.97/bbl since the start of November. The

  20. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil prices moved higher toward the end of January and into the first week of February. The North Sea Brent front month futures price settled at $56.57/bbl on February 5, an increase of $0.15/bbl from January 2 (Figure 1). The front month West Texas Intermediate (WTI) contract price settled at $50.48/bbl on February 5, $2.21/bbl lower than at the start of January. These changes were relatively small compared to an average

  1. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: After an upward move in mid-June, crude oil prices retreated close to previous levels. The North Sea Brent front month futures price settled at $111/barrel on July 3, an increase of $2.17/barrel from June 2 (Figure 1). The front month West Texas Intermediate (WTI) contract also rose, settling at $104.06/barrel on July 3, $1.59/barrel higher than on June 2. Tensions in Iraq were the primary driver of the crude oil price increase in mid-June.

  2. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: Global and domestic crude oil prices traded in a narrow range in June. The North Sea Brent front month futures price declined $2.87 per barrel (b) since June 1 to settle at $62.01/b on July 1 (Figure 1). The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures price declined $3.24/b over the month, settling at $56.96/b on July 1. As global crude oil supply remains robust, demand-side factors are likely contributing to renewed price stability

  3. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: International crude oil prices declined in May and in the first week of June while domestic crude oil prices stayed relatively stable. The North Sea Brent front month futures declined $4.43 per barrel (b) since May 1 to settle at $62.03/b on June 4 (Figure 1). The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures price decreased $1.15/b over the same period to settle at $58/b on June 4. Elevated crude oil production from members of The

  4. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: International crude oil futures prices rose over the previous month but remained within the recent, and relatively narrow, trading range. The North Sea Brent front month futures price settled at $108.10 per barrel (bbl) on March 6, an increase of $2.06/bbl from February 3 (Figure 1). Over the same period, the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures contract rose $5.13/bbl, settling at $101.56/bbl on March 6. The brief uptick in

  5. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: International crude oil futures prices rebounded in April and approached the top of their recent trading range. The North Sea Brent front month futures price settled at $107.76 per barrel (bbl) on May 1, an increase of $2.14/bbl from April 1 (Figure 1). West Texas Intermediate (WTI) prices at the start of May were near the same levels as the beginning of April. The front month WTI contract settled at $99.42/bbl on May 1, a slight decrease

  6. 2017 Levelized Costs AEO 2012 Early Release

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4 1 November 2014 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: Both international and domestic crude oil prices moved sharply lower over the previous five weeks. The North Sea Brent front month futures price settled at $82.86/bbl on November 6, a decline of $11.30/bbl from October 1 (Figure 1). The front month West Texas Intermediate (WTI) contract price settled at $77.91/bbl on November 6, decreasing by $12.82/bbl since the start of October. November marked

  7. www.eia.gov U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Effects of low oil prices For 2015 EIA Energy Conference June 15, 2015 | Washington, DC By Lynn Westfall U.S. Energy Information Administration Effects of Low Oil Prices April 30, 2015 2 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 Imported refiner acquisition cost of crude oil Brent crude oil price Historical and projected oil prices Crude oil price price per barrel (real 2015 dollars) Prices shown are quarterly averages: dashed lines are EIA projections Period #1

  8. Highlights.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    July 2002 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook July 2002 Overview World Oil Markets: World oil price markers fell in June, with both Brent crude oil and the OPEC basket prices averaging $1.00 - $1.50 per barrel below May averages. Nevertheless, June marked the fourth consecutive month that the OPEC basket price averaged above $22 per barrel, the lower end of OPEC's target range. The basket price has been above $22 per barrel since March 8 and is projected to remain within the target range ($22-28 per

  9. Highlights.doc

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    May 2002 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook May 2002 Overview World Oil Markets: World oil prices continued to rise in April, with OPEC Basket and Brent prices rising by $2 per barrel on average from March levels. April marked the second consecutive month that the OPEC basket price finished above $22 per barrel, the lower end of the target range for the OPEC basket price. The U.S. benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil price averaged over $26 per barrel in April, and closed over $27 per

  10. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Apr2012_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration April 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 April 9, 2012 Release Crude Oil Prices: After moving higher in the first two months of this year, crude oil prices have traded in a narrow range during the month of March. Front month futures prices for Brent and WTI settled at $123.43 and $103.31 per barrel, respectively, on April 5 (Figure 1). These prices are at the lower end of the $4

  11. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Dec2011_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration December 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 December 6, 2011 Release Crude Oil Prices. Prices for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil moved higher at the end of November with West Texas Intermediate (WTI) closing at $100.20 on November 30; near its highest price since June 9 and only the second time the benchmark has settled over $100 since then (Figure 1). Brent prices

  12. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Feb2013_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil prices moved higher in January and out of the trading range they had been in for much of fourth quarter 2012 (Figure 1). The Brent front month futures contract averaged $112.35 per barrel in January, an increase of about $3 per barrel from its December average, and denoted the highest monthly average for the crude oil benchmark since September 2012. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil front month futures prices also increased

  13. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Jan2012_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    January 2012 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration January 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 January 10, 2012 Release Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil prices in early January are slightly higher than levels seen one month ago. The front month futures contracts for Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) are $3.75 and $1.61 per barrel above their respective closing prices on December 1, 2011 as of January 5, 2012. Both

  14. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Mar2012_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    March 2012 1 Independent Statistics & Analysis U.S. Energy Information Administration March 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 March 6, 2012 Release Crude Oil Prices: During the month of February, crude oil prices moved higher and out of the trading range they had been in since November. Brent settled at $126.20 per barrel and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) settled at $108.84 on March 1, increases of $15 and $11 dollars per barrel from February 1,

  15. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Nov2012_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil prices decreased slightly in October with most of the decline coming at the end of the month. The Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures contracts decreased by $4 and $5 per barrel, respectively, since October 1 and settled at $108.17 and $87.09 dollars per barrel on November 1 (Figure 1). These are the lowest levels for both crude oil benchmarks since the beginning of August 2012. The downward price

  16. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Oct2012_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil prices reached their highest levels since May by the middle of September, but then declined and were lower at the end of the month than at the beginning. The Brent and WTI crude oil futures prices settled at $112.58 and $91.71 per barrel, respectively, on October 4, down $1.60 and $3.59 per barrel, respectively, from September 4 (Figure 1). Markets rose early in September after the European Central Bank (ECB) announced an

  17. Short-Term Energy Outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights  North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $61/barrel (b) in June, a $3/b decrease from May. Crude oil prices fell by about $4/b on July 6 in the aftermath of the "no" vote in Greece on the economic program, as well as lingering concerns about lower economic growth in China, higher oil exports from Iran, and continuing growth in global petroleum and other liquids inventories. A percent price change of this extent on a single day is unusual, but despite daily price

  18. Short-Term Energy Outlook January 2014

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights  This edition of the Short-Term Energy Outlook is the first to include forecasts for 2015.  After falling to the lowest monthly average of 2013 in November, U.S. regular gasoline retail prices increased slightly to reach an average of $3.28 per gallon (gal) during December. The annual average regular gasoline retail price, which was $3.51/gal in 2013, is expected to fall to $3.46/gal in 2014 and $3.39/gal in 2015.  The North Sea Brent crude oil spot price in December

  19. Short-Term Energy Outlook September 2013

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (STEO) Highlights  Monthly average crude oil prices increased for the fourth consecutive month in August 2013, as supply disruptions in Libya increased and concerns over the conflict in Syria intensified. The U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) forecast for Brent crude oil spot price, which averaged $108 per barrel during the first half of 2013, averages $109 per barrel over the second half of 2013 and $102 per barrel in 2014, $5 per barrel and $2 per barrel higher than forecast in

  20. STEO January 2013 - world oil prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gap between U.S. and world oil prices to be cut by more than half over next two years The current wide price gap between a key U.S. and a world benchmark crude oil is expected to narrow significantly over the next two years. The spot price for U.S. benchmark West Texas Intermediate crude oil, also known as WTI , averaged $94 a barrel in 2012. That's $18 less than North Sea Brent oil, which is a global benchmark crude that had an average price of $112 last year. The new monthly forecast from the

  1. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year in Review: Crude Oil Prices 2014 Release date: April 28, 2015 Background In 2014, Brent front month crude oil futures prices fell from $108 per barrel on January 2 to $57 per barrel on December 31. This report gives an overview of the primary drivers of crude oil price movements in 2014, in particular the substantial price decline that took place during the second half of the year. Factors such as increased global supply of crude oil, lower crude oil supply disruptions, lower economic

  2. Regulation and policy: International trends and issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffin, W.S.

    1997-03-01

    As offshore oil and gas resources become exhausted, the associated production platforms and facilities will be decommissioned. The world-wide oil and gas industry is strictly regulated by global, regional and national guidelines which have been developed by governments to find the most responsible framework to perform the decommissioning. In the summer of 1995, the Brent Spar incident brought uncertainty to decommissioning world-wide. In June of 1995, a moratorium prohibiting sea disposal within the North East Atlantic was imposed by the Oslo Commission, and an unsuccessful attempt was made in December of 1995 to impose a world-wide moratorium on sea disposal at the London Convention.

  3. Capture sunlight with your window

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    THIS TIME ITS DIFFERENT; REALLY? MUSTAFA MOHATAREM Chief Economist, Public Policy Center Global Economics and Trade 0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0 160.0 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 CHARTING THE ENERGY STORY THROUGH 'THE ECONOMIST' COVERS Brent (USD Per Barrel) Global Economics and Trade Global Economics and Trade THE KEY THEME HERE IS THAT Demand Response Reduced Consumption of Oil, Reduced Vehicle Miles Traveled (VMT), Search for

  4. Presentations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2007/2008 User Survey Result October 2, 2008 | Author(s): Francesca Verdier | Download File: NUG2008-UserSurvey.pdf | pdf | 175 KB Accelerating X Windows with NX* October 2, 2008 | Author(s): Janet Jacbsen | Download File: NXDemo.pdf | pdf | 52 KB Debugging with DDT October 2, 2008 | Author(s): David Lecomber | Source: Allinea Software | Download File: DDT-lecomber.pdf | pdf | 1.1 MB Defining Best Practices for Network Tuning October 2, 2008 | Author(s): Brent Draney | Download File:

  5. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in Practice Rob Latham Rob Ross Math and Computer Science Division Argonne National Laboratory robl@mcs.anl.gov, rross@mcs.anl.gov Brent Welch Panasas, Inc. welch@panasas.com Katie Antypas NERSC kantypas@lbl.gov 1 "There is no physics without I/O." - Anonymous Physicist SciDAC Conference June 17, 2009 (I think he might have been kidding.) "Very few large scale applications of practical importance are NOT data intensive." - Alok Choudhary, IESP, Kobe Japan, April 2012 (I know

  6. Attendee List

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Attendee List Attendee List June 12-13 NUG Meeting Registrants PPPL, On site 24 registered Name Affiliation Location Citizenship Days Monday Dinner? Matthew Andrews Berkeley Lab PPPL USA June 12-13 Yes Elena Belova PPPL PPPL Russian June 12-13 No Joshua Breslau PPPL PPPL U.S. June 12-13 Yes Jonathan Carter Berkeley Lab PPPL United Kingdom June 12-13 Yes Jin Chen PPPL PPPL Chinese June 12-13 No Jim Craw NERSC PPPL USA June 12 Yes Brent Draney NERSC PPPL USA June 12-13 Yes Stephane Ethier PPPL

  7. Residential energy use and conservation in Venezuela: Results and implications of a household survey in Caracas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Figueroa, M.J.; Ketoff, A.; Masera, O.

    1992-10-01

    This document presents the final report of a study of residential energy use in Caracas, the capital of Venezuela. It contains the findings of a household energy-use survey held in Caracas in 1988 and examines options for introducing energy conservation measures in the Venezuelan residential sector. Oil exports form the backbone of the Venezuelan economy. Improving energy efficiency in Venezuela will help free domestic oil resources that can be sold to the rest of the world. Energy conservation will also contribute to a faster recovery of the economy by reducing the need for major investments in new energy facilities, allowing the Venezuelan government to direct its financial investments towards other areas of development. Local environmental benefits will constitute an important additional by-product of implementing energy-efficiency policies in Venezuela. Caracas`s residential sector shows great potential for energy conservation. The sector is characterized by high saturation levels of major appliances, inefficiency of appliances available in the market, and by careless patterns of energy use. Household energy use per capita average 6.5 GJ/per year which is higher than most cities in developing countries; most of this energy is used for cooking. Electricity accounts for 41% of all energy use, while LPG and natural gas constitute the remainder. Specific options for inducing energy conservation and energy efficiency in Caracas`s residential sector include energy-pricing policies, fuel switching, particularly from electricity to gas, improving the energy performance of new appliances and customer information. To ensure the accomplishment of an energy-efficiency strategy, a concerted effort by energy users, manufacturers, utility companies, government agencies, and research institutions will be needed.

  8. Characterization of Cerro Negro crude. Part I. Physical and chemical separations. [Project shared by Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, US DOE, and Institute de Tecnologico del Venezolana Petroleo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grizzle, P.L.; Green, J.B.; Sanchez, V.; Murgia, E.; Lubkowitz, J.

    1981-09-01

    The scheme couples distillation and ion exchange and solid liquid chromatography in an attempt to prepare narrow-boiling, chemically unique fractions, which can be analyzed further or can supply data for process development. For evaluation of the separation approach, a Cerro Negro crude from the Venezuelan Orinoco basin has been studied in a cooperative program between the United States Department of Energy and the Institute de Tecnologico del Venezolana Petroleo. These fractions may be analyzed by ir, uv, fluorescence, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, as well as various mass spectroscopy methods. The approach appears to be promising. 5 figures, 6 tables.

  9. HDH{trademark} commercial application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marzin, R.; Solari, B.; Duque, J.

    1995-12-31

    Venezuela has approximately 28% of the world reserves of heavy crude oil and natural bitumen. The amount of future recoverable oil reserves is estimated to be 44 GM{sup 3}. The Venezuelan oil industry is now facing the challenge of introducing this cheap source of energy into a fuel market that has grown in environmentally restrictive legislation affecting the refining industry. This challenge calls for the use of the right type of resid upgrading technology, that both will improve its environmental performance and ensure its economic and financial viability. This paper describes two technologies to reduce high sulfur fuel oil production while incorporating more heavy crude into refineries.

  10. Model simulation of the drift and spread of the Aegean Sea oil spill near La Coruna

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, P.

    1994-12-31

    On the 3 December 1992 the Greek oil tanker Aegean Sea ran aground at Torre de Hercules near the entrance to the Ria de Coruna and La Coruna harbor, Spain. The 291 m tanker of 114,036-dwt carrying 79,096 tons of Brent type crude oil, broke up and exploded. Practically all of the oil was released into the sea. Over 200 km of shore was affected. A two-dimensional depth-integrated model on a .25 ft. x .25 ft. grid was implemented with the capability of predicting wind driven movements in the area of La Coruna. It is driven by meteorological analysis from the European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMRWF) global numerical weather prediction model.

  11. Spot Prices for Crude Oil and Petroleum Products

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Spot Prices (Crude Oil in Dollars per Barrel, Products in Dollars per Gallon) Period: Daily Weekly Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Product by Area 08/30/16 08/31/16 09/01/16 09/02/16 09/05/16 09/06/16 View History Crude Oil WTI - Cushing, Oklahoma 46.32 44.68 43.17 44.39 44.39 44.85 1986-2016 Brent - Europe 47.94 47.94 45.05 45.96 46.72 46.21 1987-2016 Conventional Gasoline New York Harbor, Regular

  12. Spray Combustion

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spot Prices (Crude Oil in Dollars per Barrel, Products in Dollars per Gallon) Period: Daily Weekly Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Product by Area 08/22/16 08/23/16 08/24/16 08/25/16 08/26/16 08/29/16 View History Crude Oil WTI - Cushing, Oklahoma 46.80 47.54 46.29 46.97 47.64 46.97 1986-2016 Brent - Europe 48.10 48.70 47.56 49.25 49.66 49.66 1987-2016 Conventional Gasoline New York Harbor, Regular

  13. 3

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (dollars per barrel) West Texas Intermediate Spot Average .............................. 48.48 57.85 46.55 41.94 33.35 45.46 41.78 43.69 45.37 50.06 53.00 57.94 48.67 41.16 51.58 Brent Spot Average ............................................................. 53.91 61.65 50.43 43.55 33.89 45.57 42.56 44.02 45.37 50.06 53.00 57.94 52.32 41.60 51.58 U.S. Imported Average ........................................................ 46.38 56.07 45.59 37.88 28.83 41.21 38.38 40.18 41.85 46.49 49.50 54.51

  14. Kinetic modeling of petroleum formation in the Maracaibo Basin: Final report, Annex 12

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burnham, A.K.; Braun, R.L.; Sweeney, J.J.; Reynolds, J.G.; Vallejos, C.; Talukdar, S.

    1992-07-01

    The purpose of this project is to develop and test improved kinetic models of petroleum generation and cracking, pore pressure buildup, and fluid expulsion. The work was performed jointly between Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Research Organization of the Venezuelan National Petroleum Company under Annex 12 of an agreement between DOE and the Venezuelan Ministry of Energy and Mines. Laboratory experiments were conducted at both LLNL and INTEVEP to obtain the reaction rate and product composition information needed to develop chemical kinetic models. Experiments at INTEVEP included hydrous pyrolysis and characterization of oils by gas and liquid chromatography. Experiments at LLNL included programmed pyrolysis in open and self-purging reactors, sometimes including on-line gas analysis by tandem mass spectrometry, and characterization of oils by gas chromatography and nuclear magnetic resonance. The PMOD code was used to develop a detailed pyrolysis mechanism from the extensive laboratory data. This mechanism is able to predict yield of bitumen, oil, and gas as a function of time and temperature for such diverse laboratory conditions as hydrous pyrolysis and rapid, programmed, open pyrolysis. PMOD calculations were compared to geologic observations for 22 wells in the Maracaibo basin. When permeability parameters are chosen to match calculated pore pressures with measured present day values, the PMOD calculations indicate that organic maturation reactions contribute a significant fraction of the overpressure during oil generation and early oil cracking. Calculations agreed with observed geochemical maturity parameters of the source rock. 37 refs., 64 figs., 20 tabs.

  15. Household energy use in urban Venezuela: Implications from surveys in Maracaibo, Valencia, Merida, and Barcelona-Puerto La Cruz

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Figueroa, M.J.; Sathaye, J.

    1993-08-01

    This report identifies the most important results of a comparative analysis of household commercial energy use in Venezuelan urban cities. The use of modern fuels is widespread among all cities. Cooking consumes the largest share of urban household energy use. The survey documents no use of biomass and a negligible use of kerosene for cooking. LPG, natural gas, and kerosene are the main fuels available. LPG is the fuel choice of low-income households in all cities except Maracaibo, where 40% of all households use natural gas. Electricity consumption in Venezuela`s urban households is remarkably high compared with the levels used in households in comparable Latin American countries and in households of industrialized nations which confront harsher climatic conditions and, therefore, use electricity for water and space heating. The penetration of appliances in Venezuela`s urban households is very high. The appliances available on the market are inefficient, and there are inefficient patterns of energy use among the population. Climate conditions and the urban built form all play important roles in determining the high level of energy consumption in Venezuelan urban households. It is important to acknowledge the opportunities for introducing energy efficiency and conservation in Venezuela`s residential sector, particularly given current economic and financial constraints, which may hamper the future provision of energy services.

  16. Oil- and gas-in-place assessment under geological uncertainty, Jobal-Zuron area, Guarico subbasin, central Venezuela

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez, G.

    1989-03-01

    Oil- and gas-in-place assessment has been a major problem in the evaluation of the Jobal-Zuron area of the Guarico subbasin of the Eastern Venezuela basin. The area is now undergoing an integrated appraisal in order to determine its economic viability for supplying the Venezuelan domestic gas market. The area has been known as a gas producer from the Miocene Chaguaramas Formation. Currently stated reserves are estimated at 21.7 million bbl of condensate and 313.8 billion ft/sup 3/ of gas; daily production is 23 million ft/sup 3/ of gas from nine wells. Recent tests and appaisals would increase reserves to 60 million bbl of condensate and 888.6 billion ft/sup 3/ of gas and daily production up to 4.2 million ft/sup 3/ of gas per well. Although the Venezuelan domestic gas market is increasing, the Jobal-Zuron area is still lacking deep geological and reserve definition. The area is, geologically speaking, one of the most complex in Venezuela from both the stratigraphic and structural points of view. The Guarico subbasin was tectonically very active during the upper Miocene-Pliocene; compaction and diagenesis are the main factors affecting porosity.

  17. Effect of asphaltene deposition on the internal corrosion in the oil and gas industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palacios T, C.A.; Morales, J.L.; Viloria, A.

    1997-08-01

    Crude oil from Norte de Monagas field, in Venezuela, contains large amounts of asphaltenes. Some of them are very unstable with a tendency to precipitate. Because liquid is carried over from the separation process in the flow stations, asphaltenes are also present in the gas gathering and transmission lines, precipitating on the inner wall of pipelines. The gas gathering and transmission lines contain gas with high partial pressures of CO{sub 2}, some H{sub 2}S and are water saturated; therefore, inhibitors are used to control internal corrosion. There is uncertainty on how inhibitors perform in the presence of asphaltene deposition. The purpose of this paper is to describe the causes that enhance asphaltene deposition in gas pipelines and present some results from an ongoing research project carried out by the Venezuelan Oil Companies.

  18. Petroleum Marketing Monthly

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    F.O.B.[a] costs of imported crude oil for selected crude streams dollars per barrel Year quarter month Canadian Lloydminster Iraqi Basrah Light Mexican Mayan Nigerian Qua Iboe Venezuelan Merey 2004 29.31 - 30.11 - - 2005 35.13 - 40.69 - - 2006 44.55 - 51.29 - - 2007 48.54 - 59.96 - - 2008 79.33 - 82.99 - - 2009 50.11 62.98 55.07 65.60 59.89 2010 64.41 74.36 70.36 82.66 70.26 2011 78.41 104.51 98.27 115.82 98.73 2012 77.01 103.17 99.81 115.85 102.04 2013 75.61 99.28 96.87 W 99.26 2014 January W

  19. Potential options to reduce GHG emissions in Venezuela

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pereira, N.; Bonduki, Y.; Perdomo, M.

    1996-12-31

    The Government of Venezuela ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December, 1994. The Convention requires all parties to develop and publish national inventories of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) as well as national plans to reduce or control emissions, taking into account their common but differentiated responsibilities and their specific national and regional development priorities, objectives, and circumstances. Within this context, the Ministry of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources and the Ministry of Energy and Mines developed the `Venezuelan Case-Study to Address Climate Change`. The study was initiated in October 1993, with the financial and technical assistance of the Government of United States, through the U.S. Country Studies Program (USCSP), and the Global Environment Facility (GEF), through the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

  20. LPG in Venezuela

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romero, O.

    1986-01-01

    The use of LPG for domestic consumption in Venezuela began in late 1929 when LPG was imported in lots of 500 cylinders. These cylinders were then returned to the U.S. for refilling. Total consumption at that time was some 40M/sup 3/ (250 barrels) per year and by 1937 had grown to some 540M/sup 3/ (3,400 barrels) per year. Local production of LPG from gas began in the mid thirties with a small cooling plant in the Mene Grande Field in the Lake Maracaibo area, the first field to produce oil in Venezuela (1914). This plant produced gasoline for a refinery and some of the first LPG used in Venezuela for domestic consumption. The capacity of this plant was insufficient to satisfy the growing demand for LPG which was supplied from refinery production until the development of the natural gas processing industry. At the present time, Venezuelan refineries are net consumers of LPG.

  1. Giant fields of the `80s associated with an ``A`` subduction in S. America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duval, B.C.; Cramez, C.; Valdes, G.E.

    1995-07-17

    This article results from 12 years of close scientific and technical collaboration between Total and Pdvsa. When the Venezuelan petroleum industry was nationalized in 1976, the remaining hydrocarbon potential of south America was thought to be very limited, mainly because most visible traps had already been drilled. The discovery of four giant oil fields in the northern part of South America in the last 10 years has proved how wrong that judgment was. The reserves of these fields are either confidential or not fully determined. However, existing public information indicates that they are all well over the 1 billion bbl of oil equivalent mark. The aim of this article is to illustrate how it can help to look at things in a very regional way: (1) to understand the petroleum systems; (2) to establish similarities and differences between the systems, and (3) to explain why the giant fields are there.

  2. Venezuela offshore oil and gas production development: Past, present and future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perez La Salvia, H.; Schwartz, E.; Contreras, M.; Rodriguez, J.I.; Febres, G.; Gajardo, E.

    1995-12-01

    This paper presents a short history of offshore oil and gas production in Venezuela starting in Lake Maracaibo in 1923. The main emphasis has been the results of the recent R and D and the exploratory offshore programs in areas like Orinoco Delta located in the Atlantic Ocean, Northeast and Northwest Venezuela in the Caribbean sea. In the R and D offshore program the main objectives were: (1) To establish the local environmental, oceanographical, geotechnical and seismicity conditions for the Venezuelan Continental Platform. (2) To give a technical support to the PDVSA Operating Affiliates during the exploratory programs including: (a) to develop accurate drilling vessel positioning systems; (b) evaluation of sea bottom geotechnical conditions for safely operating the jack-ups and drilling vessels involved in the exploratory wells and (c) to identify those areas which because of their special nature require further investigation to establish preliminary type of platforms required for the areas to be developed or to evaluate other solutions proposed by Foreign Consultant Engineering Companies to the PDVSA Operating Affiliated Companies. The main objective of PDVSA for the coming future will be to develop the North of Paria Gas Field through the initially named Christopher Columbus Project now Sucre Gas, S.A., a consortium conformed by LaGoven, S.A. Shell, Exxon and Mitsubishi. objective of this paper is to give an idea of the history of the Venezuelan Oil and Gas Offshore development giving emphasis to the results of the INTEVEP S.A. Red offshore program and to show some results of the particular characteristics of oceanographical, environmental, geotechnical and seismic conditions in the main areas evaluated during the exploratory program: Orinoco Delta, Gulf of Paria and North of Paria.

  3. Q2 Q3 Season Q2 Q3 Season Q2 Q3 Season

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Q2 Q3 Season Q2 Q3 Season Q2 Q3 Season Nominal Prices (dollars per gallon) WTI Crude Oil (Spot) a 1.38 1.11 1.24 1.08 1.06 1.07 -21.4 -4.5 -13.7 Brent Crude Oil Price (Spot) 1.47 1.20 1.33 1.08 1.08 1.08 -26.1 -10.2 -18.8 U.S. Refiner Average Crude Oil Cost 1.37 1.14 1.25 1.00 1.03 1.02 -26.6 -8.8 -18.5 Wholesale Gasoline Price b 2.01 1.84 1.93 1.58 1.46 1.52 -21.6 -20.6 -21.1 Wholesale Diesel Fuel Price b 1.89 1.61 1.75 1.41 1.43 1.42 -25.4 -11.4 -18.8 Regular Gasoline Retail Price c 2.67 2.60

  4. First oilfields of the Central and Northern North Sea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swarbrick, R.E. ); Martin, J.A. )

    1991-03-01

    Only 25 years ago the areas now termed the Central and Northern North Sea were the true frontier exploration basins. Stratigraphy and structure were essentially unknown, except inferences drawn from the Mesozoic outcrops of Britain and Denmark. At that time the majority of small British onshore oil fields were reservoired in Paleozoic strata. In the Central North Sea, oil was first discovered in Paleocene deep-water sandstone and Upper Cretaceous chalk reservoirs. The first commercial reserves were proven with the discovery of the Ekofisk field (Upper Cretaceous) in 1969 and Forties field (Paleocene) in 1970, both now classed as giants. Subsequently stratigraphically deeper reservoirs were established, including Jurassic sandstones (Piper field) and Permian carbonates and sandstones (Auk and Argyll fields). Diversity of trap type and reservoir age is now a hallmark of the Central North Sea basin. In the Northern North Sea, the first exploration well in 1971 on the Brent field structure, a true wildcat whose nearest UK well control was 320 mi to the south, found oil in Middle Jurassic deltaic sandstones. A spate of discoveries on similar tilted fault blocks with Middle Jurassic and underlying Triassic alluvial-fluvial sandstone targets followed. Later, Upper Jurassic deep-water sandstones became established as a further significant reservoir with the Brae field and Magnus field discoveries. Original seismic data, well prognoses, and structure maps tell the story of these early discoveries. Public response in Norway and the UK to the emergence of the North Sea oil province on their doorstep will be reviewed.

  5. The state offshore: Petroleum, politics and state intervention on the British and Norwegian Continental Shelves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, B.F.

    1991-01-01

    Britain and Norway divide between them most of the North Sea offshore oil fields, and much of the natural gas resources. They have in common first world economic status and western political and cultural heritage. They differ in that Britain has by far the larger economy and the Norwegian state has a history of more active participation in its economy. Brent F. Nelson's study is predicated on the premise that a detailed analysis of how these two nations have chosen to mediate the relationships between government and the oil industry would be an interesting case study with broader implications for a political theory of state intervention in natural resource industries. Nelson has provided a narrative, interpretive history of government-industry relationships in Britain and Norway, concerning offshore oil and gas development. Much of this material is interesting, especially to readers unfamiliar with the details; and the conclusions, in so far as they go, are plausible. Nelson's demonstration of the powerful influences that a nation's political and institutional traditions have on they way it handles new opportunities provides a useful counterpoint to the historical approach favored by some policy analysts. However, Nelson has not delivered a fundamental analysis of the relationship between the state and a mobile industry that exploits a stationary and exhaustible resource.

  6. Th and U fuel photofission study by NTD for AD-MSR subcritical assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sajo-Bohus, Laszlo; Greaves, Eduardo D.; Barros, Haydn; Pino, Felix; Barrera, Maria T.; Farina, Fulvio; Davila, Jesus

    2015-07-23

    During the last decade a considerable effort has been devoted for developing energy generating systems based on advanced nuclear technology within the design concepts of GEN-IV. Thorium base fuel systems such as accelerator driven nuclear reactors are one of the often mentioned attractive and affordable options. Several radiotherapy linear accelerators are on the market and due to their reliability, they could be employed as drivers for subcritical liquid fuel assemblies. Bremsstrahlung photons with energies above 5.5MeV, induce (γ,n) and (e,e’n) reactions in the W-target. Resulting gamma radiation and photo or fission neutrons may be absorbed in target materials such as thorium and uranium isotopes to induce sustained fission or nuclear transmutation in waste radioactive materials. Relevant photo driven and photo-fission reaction cross sections are important for actinides {sup 232}Th, {sup 238}U and {sup 237}Np in the radiotherapy machines energy range of 10-20 MV. In this study we employ passive nuclear track detectors (NTD) to determine fission rates and neutron production rates with the aim to establish the feasibility for gamma and photo-neutron driven subcritical assemblies. To cope with these objectives a 20 MV radiotherapy machine has been employed with a mixed fuel target. Results will support further development for a subcritical assembly employing a thorium containing liquid fuel. It is expected that acquired technological knowledge will contribute to the Venezuelan nuclear energy program.

  7. Refiner/marketer targets production of transportation fuels and distillates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, J.E.

    1997-01-01

    Citgo Petroleum Corp., the wholly owned subsidiary of Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA), the Venezuelan national oil company, owns two gasoline producing refineries, a 305,000-b/d system in Lake Charles, La., and a 130,000-b/d facility in Corpus Christi, Texas. Each is considered a deep conversion facility capable of converting heavy, sour crudes into a high percentage of transportation fuels and distillates. Two smaller refineries, one in Paulsboro, N.J., and one in Savannah, GA., have the capacity to process 40,000 b/d and 28,000 b/d of crude, respectively, for asphalt products. In the past two years, Citgo`s light oils refineries operated safely and reliably with a minimum of unscheduled shutdowns. An ongoing emphasis to increase reliability has resulted in extended run lengths at the refineries. Citgo has invested $314 million at its facilities in 1995, much of this toward environmental and regulatory projects, such as the new waste water treatment unit at the Lake Charles refinery. Over the next few years, Citgo expects to complete $1.5 billion in capital spending for major processing units such as a 60,000-b/d FCC feed hydrotreater unit at the Lake Charles refinery and crude expansion at the Corpus Christi refinery. Product exchanges and expanded transport agreements are allowing Citgo to extend its marketing reach.

  8. Evaluation of Control Strategies to Effectively Meet 70-90% Mercury Reduction on an Eastern Bituminous Coal Cyclone Boiler with SCR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tom Campbell

    2008-12-31

    This is the final site report for testing conducted at Public Service of New Hampshire's (PSNH) Merrimack Unit 2 (MK2). This project was funded through the DOE/NETL Innovations for Existing Plants program. It was a Phase III project with the goal to develop mercury control technologies that can achieve 50-70% mercury capture at costs 25-50% less than baseline estimates of $50,000-$70,000/lb of mercury removed. While results from testing at Merrimack indicate that the DOE goal was partially achieved, further improvements in the process are recommended. Merrimack burned a test blend of eastern bituminous and Venezuelan coals, for a target coal sulfur content of 1.2%, in its 335-MW Unit 2. The blend ratio is approximately a 50/50 split between the two coals. Various sorbent injection tests were conducted on the flue gas stream either in front of the air preheater (APH) or in between the two in-series ESPs. Initial mercury control evaluations indicated that, without SO3 control, the sorbent concentration required to achieve 50% control would not be feasible, either economically or within constraints specific to the maximum reasonable particle loading to the ESP. Subsequently, with SO{sub 3} control via trona injection upstream of the APH, economically feasible mercury removal rates could be achieved with PAC injection, excepting balance-of-plant concerns. The results are summarized along with the impacts of the dual injection process on the air heater, ESP operation, and particulate emissions.

  9. Analysis of heavy oils: Method development and application to Cerro Negro heavy petroleum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carbognani, L.; Hazos, M.; Sanchez, V. ); Green, J.A.; Green, J.B.; Grigsby, R.D.; Pearson, C.D.; Reynolds, J.W.; Shay, J.Y.; Sturm, G.P. Jr.; Thomson, J.S.; Vogh, J.W.; Vrana, R.P.; Yu, S.K.T.; Diehl, B.H.; Grizzle, P.L.; Hirsch, D.E; Hornung, K.W.; Tang, S.Y.

    1989-12-01

    On March 6, 1980, the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Ministry of Energy and Mines of Venezuela (MEMV) entered into a joint agreement which included analysis of heavy crude oils from the Venezuelan Orinoco oil belt.The purpose of this report is to present compositional data and describe new analytical methods obtained from work on the Cerro Negro Orinoco belt crude oil since 1980. Most of the chapters focus on the methods rather than the resulting data on Cerro Negro oil, and results from other oils obtained during the verification of the method are included. In addition, published work on analysis of heavy oils, tar sand bitumens, and like materials is reviewed, and the overall state of the art in analytical methodology for heavy fossil liquids is assessed. The various phases of the work included: distillation and determination of routine'' physical/chemical properties (Chapter 1); preliminary separation of >200{degree}C distillates and the residue into acid, base, neutral, saturated hydrocarbon and neutral-aromatic concentrates (Chapter 2); further separation of acid, base, and neutral concentrates into subtypes (Chapters 3-5); and determination of the distribution of metal-containing compounds in all fractions (Chapter 6).

  10. Heavy oil. upgrading integrated with steam drive

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Driesen, R.; Viens, C.H.; Fornoff, L.L.

    1980-01-01

    A study of the upgrading of heavy oil from a representative Venezuelan Jobo crude (9.2/sup 0/API, 4.1% sulfur, and 500 ppm total metals) from the Orinoco area involved 110 computer simulations based on a modified C-E Lummus Refinery Linear Program model on the assumptions of a 125,000 bbl/day refinery built, starting at 1979 prices, for completion by 1986 near the producing field to supply the fuel oil needed to provide oil field steam. All of the upgrading systems were economically attractive; the per cent return-on-investment (ROI) before taxes for the methods studied were: for Lummus LC-Fining, 135.9%; for Exxon's FLEXICOKING, 132.4%; for delayed coking, 119.2%; and for deasphalting, 106.5%. LC-Fining provided the best over-all combination of flexibility, product yield, product quality, and return on investment. The economics favored upgrading to the maximum extent possible; there was a reduction in the ROI for all the upgrading systems when product specifications were lowered from the premium base case (1.2% SO/sub 2/ emitted per million Btu fired). The premium upgraded heavy crude oils should be worth $3.00-$3.50/bbl more than comparable conventional crude oils, could be of up to 27/sup 0/API, and could be substituted, at up to 50%, for conventional crude oils in a typical U.S. refinery.

  11. Venezuela recasts itself as a new frontier in the Americas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reinsch, A.E.

    1996-09-01

    In January of this year, Venezuela captured the attention of the international energy community by welcoming back the foreign oil companies that, 20 years earlier, it had shut out of the country by nationalizing the hydrocarbon sector. The tool used to attract that attention, a new exploration bidding round, is the most publicized event staged to date in the country`s aperture process. However, it is only the latest in a series of steps taken by officials to bring international oil and gas companies back to Caracas. Venezuela`s physical attraction is easily understood. The country possesses roughly one-half of Latin America`s (including Mexico) 125 billion bbl of established, conventional crude oil reserves, plus an estimated 300 billion bbl of additional, nonconventional reserves in the ultra-heavy crude belt of the Orinoco basin. Averaging 2.8 million bpd in 1996, Venezuelan crude production represents over 35% of regional oil output. Natural gas reserves total 138 Tcf, or just over one-half of the region`s total reserves of 274 Tcfg. Annual gas output averages just under 5 Tcf, of which roughly 30% is reinjected as part of tertiary oil recovery schemes. This paper reviews the incentives, deregulation, and government policies to restore the oil and gas industry to the country.

  12. Petrophysical characterization of the Carito Norte, Mulata and Carito fields, Norte de Monagas, Eastern Venezuela

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Porras, J.C.; De J. Valle,

    1996-08-01

    The Norte de Monagas trend is located in the Eastern Venezuelan Basin and is characterized by high temperature, high initial pressure and production rates, variable PVT properties, GORs, and asphaltene content, and the presence of a tar mat at the base of the oil column. These reservoirs were petrophysically characterized through the integration of core and log data. Productive sands are composed of very coarse- to medium-grained sands deposited primarily in deltaic to shallow marine environments. These sands are quartz-rich, with clay matrix averaging 3% in the Oligocene and 6% in the Cretaceous. The main difference is the presence of up to 30% feldspars in the Cretaceous. Clay mineralogy is dominated by illitic material in the Cretaceous and by kaolinite in the Oligocene. Post-depositional changes dominated by cementation, mechanical compaction and subsequent dissolution processes have resulted in marked improvement or degradation of the productive characteristics of these reservoirs. Rocks were divided into four petrophysical. categories based on grain size, pore throat radius, porosity and permeability. Mercury saturation vs. mercury saturation over capillary pressure plots show the dominant interconnected pore system which controls flow rates is best defined by 50% saturation. Plots constructed using R50 pore aperture correlation indicate the pore throats to be macro to mega porous. Average log calculated water saturation is 14% compared with estimated from capillary pressure data of 12% at 1200{prime} above free water level, and 15% from relative permeability data. Relative permeability data indicate the rocks behave preferably as water-wet.

  13. Venezuela natural gas for vehicles project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marsicobetre, D.; Molero, T.

    1998-12-31

    The Natural Gas for Vehicles (NGV) Project in Venezuela describes the development and growth of the NGV project in the country. Venezuela is a prolific oil producer with advanced exploration, production, refining and solid marketing infrastructure. Gas production is 5.2 Bscfd. The Venezuelan Government and the oil state owned company Petroleos de Venezuela (PDVSA), pursued the opportunity of using natural gas for vehicles based on the huge amounts of gas reserves present and produced every day associated with the oil production. A nationwide gas pipeline network crosses the country from south to west reaching the most important cities and serving domestic and industrial purposes but there are no facilities to process or export liquefied natural gas. NGV has been introduced gradually in Venezuela over the last eight years by PDVSA. One hundred forty-five NGV stations have been installed and another 25 are under construction. Work done comprises displacement or relocation of existing gasoline equipment, civil work, installation and commissioning of equipment. The acceptance and usage of the NGV system is reflected in the more than 17,000 vehicles that have been converted to date using the equivalent of 2,000 bbl oil/day.

  14. Energy Frontier Research Centers: A View from Senior EFRC Representatives (2011 EFRC Summit, panel session)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Drell, Persis (SLAC); Armstrong, Neal (University of Arizona); Carter, Emily (Princeton University); DePaolo, Don (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory); Gunnoe, Brent (University of Virginia)

    2012-03-16

    A distinguished panel of scientists from the EFRC community provide their perspective on the importance of EFRCs for addressing critical energy needs at the 2011 EFRC Summit. Persis Drell, Director at SLAC, served as moderator. Panel members are Neal Armstrong (Director of the Center for Interface Science: Solar Electric Materials, led by the University of Arizona), Emily Carter (Co-Director of the Combustion EFRC, led by Princeton University. She is also Team Leader of the Heterogeneous Functional Materials Center, led by the University of South Caroline), Don DePaolo (Director of the Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2, led by LBNL), and Brent Gunnoe (Director of the Center for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Functionalization, led by the University of Virginia). The 2011 EFRC Summit and Forum brought together the EFRC community and science and policy leaders from universities, national laboratories, industry and government to discuss "Science for our Nation's Energy Future." In August 2009, the Office of Science established 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers. The EFRCs are collaborative research efforts intended to accelerate high-risk, high-reward fundamental research, the scientific basis for transformative energy technologies of the future. These Centers involve universities, national laboratories, nonprofit organizations, and for-profit firms, singly or in partnerships, selected by scientific peer review. They are funded at $2 to $5 million per year for a total planned DOE commitment of $777 million over the initial five-year award period, pending Congressional appropriations. These integrated, multi-investigator Centers are conducting fundamental research focusing on one or more of several ?grand challenges? and use-inspired ?basic research needs? recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The purpose of the EFRCs is to integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists in a setting designed to accelerate

  15. Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future: Report to the Secretary of Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-01-01

    Preamble The Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future (BRC) was formed by the Secretary of Energy at the request of the President to conduct a comprehensive review of policies for managing the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle and recommend a new strategy. It was co-chaired by Rep. Lee H. Hamilton and Gen. Brent Scowcroft. Other Commissioners are Mr. Mark H. Ayers, the Hon. Vicky A. Bailey, Dr. Albert Carnesale, Sen. Pete Domenici, Ms. Susan Eisenhower, Sen. Chuck Hagel, Mr. Jonathan Lash, Dr. Allison M. Macfarlane, Dr. Richard A. Meserve, Dr. Ernest J. Moniz, Dr. Per Peterson, Mr. John Rowe, and Rep. Phil Sharp. The Commission and its subcommittees met more than two dozen times between March 2010 and January 2012 to hear testimony from experts and stakeholders, to visit nuclear waste management facilities in the United States and abroad, and to discuss the issues identified in its Charter. Additionally, in September and October 2011, the Commission held five public meetings, in different regions of the country, to hear feedback on its draft report. A wide variety of organizations, interest groups, and individuals provided input to the Commission at these meetings and through the submission of written materials. Copies of all of these submissions, along with records and transcripts of past meetings, are available at the BRC website (www.brc.gov). This report highlights the Commission’s findings and conclusions and presents recommendations for consideration by the Administration and Congress, as well as interested state, tribal and local governments, other stakeholders, and the public.

  16. Competitiveness of Mexican crude

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-12-28

    Mexico is under great pressure to maintain oil export revenue levels if it is to avoid a reversal in its economic recovery program. While the country's vulnerability to a price plunge is also applicable to OPEC countries, the North Sea producers, and others, Mexico does have an ace. The ace is that its heavier, metals-ridden and sulfur-laden Maya crude, which had to be pushed on customers until about 1981, is now in strong demand. Comparisons are presented of the market value of five crude oils refined in the US Gulf Coast: West Texas Intermediate (or WTI, a 40/sup 0/ API, light), Arabian Light and Isthmus (both 34/sup 0/ medium-light), Alaska North Slope (or ANS, a 27/sup 0/ API, a medium), and Maya (22/sup 0/ API, medium-heavy). In this mix, the heavier the crude, the greater is the refining margin (except for Arabian Light, for which freight cost and product yield provide lower margins than those derived from WTI). The sacrifice by OPEC and other producers cutting crude oil prices was to the benefit to refiners' improved margins during the first half of 1983. Those cuts were on the lighter-quality oils. But prices for heavier Venezuelan, Californian, and Mexican crudes increased during the second half of 1983, due to developing refinery technologies in extracting favorable product yields from them. This issue of Energy Detente presents their fuel price/tax series and industrial fuel prices for December 1983 for countries of the Western Hemisphere.

  17. Processing of heavy oil utilizing the Aurabon process. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    This report contains estimates of the product yields and product properties from four separate, commercial-scale Aurabon heavy oil upgrading complexes capable of producing low-sulfur, hydrogen-rich products from various fractions of either a Venezuelan Boscan or a Canadian Lloydminster heavy oil feedstock. These estimates formed the basis for the development of the necessary process engineering work, including the general equipment specifications for the major equipment items included in each processing unit, required to determine cost and utilities estimates, construction labor requirements, and an estimated construction cost schedule for each of the four upgrading complexes. In addition to the above information, estimates of the yields and properties of the products produced during the upgrading of the heavy portion of the Aurabon product by both the hydrocracking and fluidized catalytic cracking processes are also included in this report. Consistent with the provisions of the executed contract for this work, those portions of the engineering work which were considered proprietary to UOP, including the heat and material balances, process flow diagrams, piping and instrument diagrams, and general equipment specifications developed for each process unit contained in the heavy oil upgrading facilities have not been included in this report. This report does, however, contain sufficient non-proprietary information to provide the reader with a general understanding of the Aurabon process and detailed information regarding the performance of the process when upgrading the two heavy oil feedstocks studied. UOP has allowed the consulting firms of Walk, Haydel and Associates of New Orleans, Louisiana and Texas Consultants, Inc. of Houston, Texas to review various portions of the engineering work developed by UOP under this contract. 1 reference, 13 figures, 22 tables.

  18. Heavy crude and tar sands: Hydrocarbons for the 21st century. Volume 4, Upgrading, government and environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, R.F.

    1991-12-31

    The 46 reports in Volume 4 begin with a section in the all-important subject of upgrading. Seventeen papers deals with upgrading of heavy oil and bitumen involving either of two basic processes, hydrogen addition or carbon rejection. Another five reports deal with the treatment of the oil in upgrading process through demetallization and by coprocessing with coal or lignite. The two papers on the Imulsion process present both the technology and the field experiences developed to transport and produce ORIMULSION{trademark}, the fuel developed with the bitumen from the Orinoco Belt. Seven papers in the section on environmental impacts are directed specifically to heavy oil. These deal mostly with the upgrading process, although one addresses the vexing problems of the refusal of extraction fines to settle out of tailings ponds in oil sand processing. A principal objective of the Centre is the fostering of technical cooperation between countries and the transfer of technological expertise in the area of heavy oil and natural bitumens from countries with advanced technology to those with undeveloped resources. The five reports in the section on Marketing and Economics carefully consider the demand in the context of world oil supply. Economic incentives is the stage for the final section of the volume, Government Policies and Legal Considerations. One of these reports presents an excellent review of the Venezuelan oil industry and its major efforts to promote the exploitation and utilization of heavy crude oil. Another of the reports describes ways in which the leasing procedures in Alberta may be modified to make the development of oil sands more effective. A third paper outlines procedures a company may usefully follow in order to most efficiently undertake the entire process of obtaining and developing oil sands leases. Individual papers have been processed separately for the database.

  19. Cameron synthetic fuels report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01

    The increasing scarcity of conventional crude oil resources, as well as the sharply higher prices of crude oil, will generate increased interest in heavy oil, tar sands, and oil shale as potential substitutes. For all of these unconventional oil resources, extraction will be much more difficult, time consuming, and costly than for conventional crude oil. Although the inplace resources are vast and exist in many areas including the United States, the USSR, western Europe, Canada, and Latin America, probably only a small fraction of the inplace resources will prove to be economically extractable. These unconventional oil resources are now being developed in several locations around the world, and depending upon the exact definition probably account for less than 1 percent of current world oil supplies. The major current developments include: Canadian tar sands. Heavy oil production at Yarega in the Komi Autonomous Republic in the Soviet Union. The USSR also burns shale for power generation in Estonia. Venezuelan production of heavy oil in the Orinoco Heavy Oil Belt is currently about 15,000 b/d. Oil shale is likely to prove much less important than heavy oil and tar sands over the next 20 years. Further development of these unconventional resources is planned, and many projects are under way or under study. On the basis of current planning, world output of heavy oils and oil from tar sands and shale will be unlikely to exceed 2 million b/d by 1990, roughly five time today's level. However, both of these resources will require the development of new technologies for any large increases in output above what is now planned. The bulk of Canada's tar sands exists at great depths and will require the development of in situ processes for extraction. In the Orinoco, heavy metals contained in the oil make it difficult to refine with existing technology.

  20. Developing a marginal field using new techniques-South Monagas Unit, Venezuela

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skirvin, T.M.; Sven Hagen, E.; McGee, R.A.; Hinrichs, P.D.; Medina, P.A.

    1996-12-31

    In 1992 the Venezuelan national oil company, PDVSA, awarded operating service agreements to foreign oil companies for reactivation of marginal oil fields. The South Monagas Unit contains three oil and gas fields, Uracoa, Bombal, and Tucupita, that were not producing prior to the award of the contract As of October 1995, production from Uraroa had exceeded 20 MBbls/day of heavy oil from 26 vertical and 11 horizontal wells. Initial uncertainties about heavy oil treatment capability, water and gas production, oil flow rates, and ultimate recoverable reserves led to a phased development plan that has incrementally reduced the risk of financial exposure over time. The first phase of development utilized conventional geologic techniques and vertical wells to test treatment facilities, mud and gravel-pack technologies, and flow rates. Positive results led to the next phase of development which focused on reservoir performance and well optimization. A horizontal well drilling program was implemented in December 1993. A milestone in this program was the first gravel-pack horizontal well in Venezuela, completed in February, 1995. A pilot 2-D seismic program in late 1994 confined that high-quality seismic could be acquired to significantly enhance the development of Uracoa. A 175 W 3-D survey was shot and processed in mid-1995. Concurrently, borehole imaging logs were acquired in vertical wells to determine internal reservoir heterogeneity and sand depositional models. The sequence stratigraphic model that evolved, based on outcrop field analogs, 3-D seismic stratigraphy, and regional well control, is being used to optimize field development. In addition, new exploration concepts are being tested without risk using strategically located water injection wells as test wells.

  1. Impact and future of heavy oil produciton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, D.K, )

    1996-01-01

    Heavy oil resources are becoming increaingly important in meeting world oil demand. Heavy oil accounts for 10% of the worlds current oil production and is anticipated to grow significantly. Recent narrowing of the price margins between light and heavy oil and the development of regional heavy oil markets (production, refining and marketing) have prompted renewed investment in heavy oil. Production of well known heavy oil resources of Canada, Venezuela, United States, and elsewhere throughout the world will be expanded on a project-by-project basis. Custom refineries designed to process these heavy crudes are being expanded. Refined products from these crudes will be cleaner than ever before because of the huge investment. However, heavy oil still remains at a competitive disadvantage due to higher production, transportation and refining have to compete with other investment opportunities available in the industry. Expansion of the U.S. heavy oil industry is no exception. Relaxation of export restrictions on Alaskan North Slope crude has prompted renewed development of California's heavy oil resources. The location, resource volume, and oil properties of the more than 80-billion barrel U.S. heavy oil resource are well known. Our recent studies summarize the constraints on production, define the anticipated impact (volume, location and time frame) of development of U.S. heavy oil resources, and examines the $7-billion investment in refining units (bottoms conversion capacity) required to accommodate increased U.S. heavy oil production. Expansion of Canadian and Venezuelan heavy oil and tar sands production are anticipated to dramatically impact the U.S. petroleum market while displacing some imported Mideast crude.

  2. Impact and future of heavy oil produciton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, D.K,

    1996-12-31

    Heavy oil resources are becoming increaingly important in meeting world oil demand. Heavy oil accounts for 10% of the worlds current oil production and is anticipated to grow significantly. Recent narrowing of the price margins between light and heavy oil and the development of regional heavy oil markets (production, refining and marketing) have prompted renewed investment in heavy oil. Production of well known heavy oil resources of Canada, Venezuela, United States, and elsewhere throughout the world will be expanded on a project-by-project basis. Custom refineries designed to process these heavy crudes are being expanded. Refined products from these crudes will be cleaner than ever before because of the huge investment. However, heavy oil still remains at a competitive disadvantage due to higher production, transportation and refining have to compete with other investment opportunities available in the industry. Expansion of the U.S. heavy oil industry is no exception. Relaxation of export restrictions on Alaskan North Slope crude has prompted renewed development of California`s heavy oil resources. The location, resource volume, and oil properties of the more than 80-billion barrel U.S. heavy oil resource are well known. Our recent studies summarize the constraints on production, define the anticipated impact (volume, location and time frame) of development of U.S. heavy oil resources, and examines the $7-billion investment in refining units (bottoms conversion capacity) required to accommodate increased U.S. heavy oil production. Expansion of Canadian and Venezuelan heavy oil and tar sands production are anticipated to dramatically impact the U.S. petroleum market while displacing some imported Mideast crude.

  3. A new approach to the oil business in Venezuela

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pradas, F.; Valdes, G. )

    1993-02-01

    Petroleos de Venezuela S.A. (PDVSA) has been meeting during the past two years with a considerable number of companies (groups) with a view to possible associations for the reactivation of known fields, joint activities in barely explored areas and the exploitation, refining, upgrading and marketing of crudes from the Orinoco Belt holder of immense reserves of extra-heavy crudes and bitumens. In Venezuela, a new approach to the oil business is under way. On January 1976, the law nationalizing the Venezuelan oil industry became effective establishing that the government retains the sole rights to the country's petroleum industry. However, Article 5 of the law made provision for associations in cases considered to be of [open quotes]National Interest.[close quotes] PDVSA became the wholly government-owned holding entity, encompassing 26 subsidiaries and affiliates. Other energy segments, particularly coal and petrochemicals, were not included in the law and since 1984 several associations with non-governmental entities have been established in Venezuela and very valuable experience has been garnered. Similarly, partnerships and acquisitions have been made in Europe and USA, mostly in refining, through PDVSA. The international petroleum industry foresees a modest, but steady increase in production during the coming decade, particularly in the second half of the nineties. This effect, added to the globalization concept, is making the traditional vertically integrated oil companies look for diverse [open quotes]lateral[close quotes] associations between groups, private and/or state owned with common interests, that will give greater security to sources of supply and market share.

  4. Reactivating of a mature oil field in the Finca-Yopales area, Venezuela, Using 3-D seismic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, M.; Betancourt, H.

    1996-08-01

    The area of Finca-Yopales is located in the Eastern Venezuelan Basin in the Anzoategui State where Corpoven has the Trico and Yopales Norte fields. Based on the interpretation of 134 km{sup 2} of 3-D seismic and the geologic interpretation from 145 wells in the area, we define a better geological and structural model. We were also able to map 6 seismic reflectors corresponding to the units A8, F7, L4U and SI from the Oficina Formation, U2 top of Merecure Formation and the top of the Cretaceous, in order to generate a fault plane for all the area which was converted to depth with a lineal relationship which was obtained from wells available. From this interpretation we obtain the structural levels B4, J2, M1 and U2 which are references for the area, those being regional and trangressive events. The main feature of the structure is a high at the southeast of the area and three fault systems of Cretaceous, Miocene and post-Miocene age. This area has been exploited for a long time, having more than 93% of the inactive drilled wells. The total production up to April, 1995 is 59.14 MMbls; the Trico field is the most prolific, with more than 95% of the production. The sands L`s, U`s, O`s and S`s are the most prospective. This paper present the evaluation of the area and the analysis of the reservoir where we increased the computed reserves.

  5. 2-D computer modeling of oil generation and migration in a Transect of the Eastern Venezuela Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gallango, O. ); Parnaud, F. )

    1993-02-01

    The aim of the study was a two-dimensional computer simulation of the basin evolution based on available geological, geophysical, geochemical, geothermal, and hydrodynamic data with the main purpose of determining the hydrocarbon generation and migration history. The modeling was done in two geological sections (platform and pre-thrusting) located along the Chacopata-Uverito Transect in the Eastern Venezuelan Basin. In the platform section an hypothetic source rock equivalent to the Gyayuta Group was considered in order to simulate the migration of hydrocarbons. The thermal history reconstruction of hypothetic source rock confirms that this source rock does not reach the oil window before the middle Miocene and that the maturity in this sector is due to the sedimentation of the Freites, La Pica, and Mesa-Las Piedras formations. The oil expulsion and migration from this hypothetic source rock began after middle Miocene time. The expulsion of the hydrocarbons took place mainly along the Oligocene-Miocene reservoir and do not reach at the present time zones located beyond of the Oritupano field, which imply that the oil accumulated in south part of the basin was generated by a source rock located to the north, in the actual deformation zone. Since 17 m.y. ago water migration pattern from north to south was observed in this section. In the pre-thrusting section the hydrocarbon expulsion started during the early Tertiary and took place mainly toward the lower Cretaceous (El Cantil and Barranquim formations). At the end of the passive margin the main migration occur across the Merecure reservoir, through which the hydrocarbon migrated forward to the Onado sector before the thrusting.

  6. Coal bed methane potential in Venezuela-The forgotten resource

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vasquez-Herrera, A.R.; Bereskin, S.R.; McLennan, J.D.

    1996-08-01

    In nations already possessing riches of hydrocarbons situated in conventional reservoirs, evaluation of coal-bearing sequences for potential gas is logically delayed or ignored. Nonetheless, Venezuelan coals have long been recognized as stratigraphically associated with oil accumulations, but because coalbed methane (CBM) is a relatively new worldwide phenomenon, CBM potential has not been widely assessed in the country. Two general areas contain vast accumulations of coal for potential CBM activity: (1) the Maracaibo basin, containing the Guasare (northwest), Lobatera-Santo Domingo (southwest) and Urumaco (northeast) districts; and (2) the Oficina basin in eastern Venezuela possessing abundant accumulations related to the Faja Petrolifera de Orinoco (Orinoco Oil Belt). In both basins, high volatile bituminous and lignitic coals of mostly Oligo-Miocene age are abundantly found. Older coals are also present especially in the Maracaibo area. Two factors represent powerful incentives for CBM exploitation: addition of known reserves for economic considerations, and aid in bringing heavy crude oil to the surface by additional gas lift and oil viscosity reduction. Other favorable factors important for CBM methodology include: (1) abundant coals lying above known conventional reservoir targets; (2).6 - 1% vitrinite reflectance measurements in the Orinoco Oil Belt; (3) many coals occurring above 1500 m; (4) documented mine explosions especially in the 1920s and 1930s; (5) a strong tectonic overprint to perhaps add shear fractures to already cleated coals; (6) individual coal thickness up to 12 m with averages in the .8 m range; and (7) gas shows while drilling coal-rich intervals.

  7. Developing a marginal field using new techniques-South Monagas Unit, Venezuela

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skirvin, T.M.; Sven Hagen, E.; McGee, R.A.; Hinrichs, P.D. ); Medina, P.A. )

    1996-01-01

    In 1992 the Venezuelan national oil company, PDVSA, awarded operating service agreements to foreign oil companies for reactivation of marginal oil fields. The South Monagas Unit contains three oil and gas fields, Uracoa, Bombal, and Tucupita, that were not producing prior to the award of the contract As of October 1995, production from Uraroa had exceeded 20 MBbls/day of heavy oil from 26 vertical and 11 horizontal wells. Initial uncertainties about heavy oil treatment capability, water and gas production, oil flow rates, and ultimate recoverable reserves led to a phased development plan that has incrementally reduced the risk of financial exposure over time. The first phase of development utilized conventional geologic techniques and vertical wells to test treatment facilities, mud and gravel-pack technologies, and flow rates. Positive results led to the next phase of development which focused on reservoir performance and well optimization. A horizontal well drilling program was implemented in December 1993. A milestone in this program was the first gravel-pack horizontal well in Venezuela, completed in February, 1995. A pilot 2-D seismic program in late 1994 confined that high-quality seismic could be acquired to significantly enhance the development of Uracoa. A 175 W 3-D survey was shot and processed in mid-1995. Concurrently, borehole imaging logs were acquired in vertical wells to determine internal reservoir heterogeneity and sand depositional models. The sequence stratigraphic model that evolved, based on outcrop field analogs, 3-D seismic stratigraphy, and regional well control, is being used to optimize field development. In addition, new exploration concepts are being tested without risk using strategically located water injection wells as test wells.

  8. The Challenge for Arms Control Verification in the Post-New START World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wuest, C R

    2012-05-24

    prospects for maintaining U.S. security and minimizing the chances of nuclear war, while deliberately reducing stockpiles to a few hundred weapons, is possible but not without risk. While the question of the appropriate level of cuts to U.S. nuclear forces is being actively debated, a key issue continues to be whether verification procedures are strong enough to ensure that both the U.S. and Russia are fulfilling their obligations under the current New Start treaty and any future arms reduction treaties. A recent opinion piece by Henry Kissinger and Brent Scowcroft (2012) raised a number of issues with respect to governing a policy to enhance strategic stability, including: in deciding on force levels and lower numbers, verification is crucial. Particularly important is a determination of what level of uncertainty threatens the calculation of stability. At present, that level is well within the capabilities of the existing verification systems. We must be certain that projected levels maintain - and when possible, reinforce - that confidence. The strengths and weaknesses of the New START verification regime should inform and give rise to stronger regimes for future arms control agreements. These future arms control agreements will likely need to include other nuclear weapons states and so any verification regime will need to be acceptable to all parties. Currently, China is considered the most challenging party to include in any future arms control agreement and China's willingness to enter into verification regimes such as those implemented in New START may only be possible when it feels it has reached nuclear parity with the U.S. and Russia. Similarly, in keeping with its goals of reaching peer status with the U.S. and Russia, Frieman (2004) suggests that China would be more willing to accept internationally accepted and applied verification regimes rather than bilateral ones. The current verification protocols specified in the New START treaty are considered as the

  9. Reducing the Cost of Solar Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scanlon, B.

    2012-04-01

    transformative innovation in the domestic PV industry. With knowledge and expertise acquired from the PDIL pilot production line tools, Ampulse plans to design a full-scale production line to accommodate long rolls of metal foil. The Ampulse process 'goes straight from pure silicon-containing gas to high-quality crystal silicon film,' said Brent Nelson, the operational manager for the Process Development Integration Laboratory. 'The advantage is you can make the wafer just as thin as you need it - 10 microns or less.' Most of today's solar cells are made out of wafer crystalline silicon, though thin-film cells made of more exotic elements such as copper, indium, gallium, arsenic, cadmium, tellurium and others are making a strong push into the market. The advantage of silicon is its abundance, because it is derived from sand. Silicon's disadvantage is that purifying it into wafers suitable for solar cells can be expensive and energy intensive. Manufacturers add carbon and heat to sand to produce metallurgical-grade silicon, which is useful in other industries, but not yet suitable for making solar cells. So this metallurgical-grade silicon is then converted to pure trichlorosilane (SiCl3) or silane (SiH4) gas. Typically, the purified gas is then converted to create a silicon feedstock at 1,000 degrees Celsius. This feedstock is melted at 1,414 C and recrystallized into crystal ingots that are finally sawed into wafers. The Ampulse method differs in that it eliminates the last two steps in the traditional process and works directly with the silane gas growing only the needed silicon right onto a foil substrate. A team of NREL scientists had developed a way to use a process called hot-wire chemical vapor deposition to thicken silicon wafers with near perfect crystal structure. Using a hot tungsten filament much like the one found in an incandescent light bulb, the silane gas molecules are broken apart and deposited onto the wafer using the chemical vapor deposition technique at