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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Competitive Vaporization and Decomposition of Liquid RDX Gregory T. Long, Sergey Vyazovkin, Brittany A. Brems, and Charles A. Wight*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Versity of Utah, 315 S. 1400 E., Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 ReceiVed: September 17, 1999; In Final Form: January, Brittany A. Brems, and Charles A. Wight* Center for Thermal Analysis, Department of Chemistry, Uni

Utah, University of

2

Using the ProdFLOWTM Approach to Address the Myth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Siemens AG Otto-Hahn-Ring 6 81730 Munich, Germany melanie.ruhe@siemens.com Stefan Wagner Technische of the Siemens AG the new approach ProdFLOWTM* for the analysis and management of a research & development or * ProdFLOW is a registered Trademark of the Siemens AG. Permission to make digital or hard copies of all

3

Property:GrossProdCapacity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration Jump to:FieldProceduresFY Jump to:Partner6WebsiteFacilityGrossProdCapacity

4

Property:NetProdCapacity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration Jump to:FieldProceduresFY Description URLs to any otherNetProdCapacity

5

Property:NumProdWells | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County,ContAddr2 JumpNbrInjWells Jump to: navigation, searchNumProdWells Jump

6

int. j. prod. res., 01 June 2004, vol. 42, no. 11, 21972206 Strategic capacity planning in supply chain design for a new market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, capacity planning, transportation network design, identification of distributors in the potential marketint. j. prod. res., 01 June 2004, vol. 42, no. 11, 2197­2206 Strategic capacity planning in supply chain design for a new market opportunity SATYAVEER S. CHAUHANy, RAKESH NAGIz and JEAN-MARIE PROTHy

Nagi, Rakesh

7

Matched-pair classification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following an analogous distinction in statistical hypothesis testing, we investigate variants of machine learning where the training set comes in matched pairs. We demonstrate that even conventional classifiers can exhibit improved performance when the input data has a matched-pair structure. Online algorithms, in particular, converge quicker when the data is presented in pairs. In some scenarios (such as the weak signal detection problem), matched pairs can be generated from independent samples, with the effect not only doubling the nominal size of the training set, but of providing the structure that leads to better learning. A family of 'dipole' algorithms is introduced that explicitly takes advantage of matched-pair structure in the input data and leads to further performance gains. Finally, we illustrate the application of matched-pair learning to chemical plume detection in hyperspectral imagery.

Theiler, James P [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Cooper Pairs in Insulators?!  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Nearly 50 years elapsed between the discovery of superconductivity and the emergence of the microscopic theory describing this zero resistance state. The explanation required a novel phase of matter in which conduction electrons joined in weakly bound pairs and condensed with other pairs into a single quantum state. Surprisingly, this Cooper pair formation has also been invoked to account for recently uncovered high-resistance or insulating phases of matter. To address this possibility, we have used nanotechnology to create an insulating system that we can probe directly for Cooper pairs. I will present the evidence that Cooper pairs exist and dominate the electrical transport in these insulators and I will discuss how these findings provide new insight into superconductor to insulator quantum phase transitions. 

James Valles

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

9

First quantized pair interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The annihilation and creation operators of Quantum Field Theory presuppose a causality condition and so the theory cannot represent macroscopic entanglement. The multiple-particle parametrized Dirac wave equation can represent entanglement without recourse to a causality condition. It is shown here that the parametrized formalism can also represent pair annihilation and creation.

A. F. Bennett

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Nuclear Pairs | Jefferson Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the ContributionsArms Control R&D ConsortiumNuclear Pairs High-Resolution

11

Multiprocessor switch with selective pairing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

System, method and computer program product for a multiprocessing system to offer selective pairing of processor cores for increased processing reliability. A selective pairing facility is provided that selectively connects, i.e., pairs, multiple microprocessor or processor cores to provide one highly reliable thread (or thread group). Each paired microprocessor or processor cores that provide one highly reliable thread for high-reliability connect with a system components such as a memory "nest" (or memory hierarchy), an optional system controller, and optional interrupt controller, optional I/O or peripheral devices, etc. The memory nest is attached to a selective pairing facility via a switch or a bus

Gara, Alan; Gschwind, Michael K; Salapura, Valentina

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

12

Nuclear pairing: basic phenomena revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I review the phenomena associated with pairing in nuclear physics, most prominently the ubiquitous presence of odd-even mass differences and the properties of the excitation spectra, very different for even-even and odd-A nuclei. There are also significant dynamical effects of pairing, visible in the inertias associated with nuclear rotation and large-amplitude shape deformation.

G. F. Bertsch

2012-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

13

Pair extended coupled cluster doubles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The accurate and efficient description of strongly correlated systems remains an important challenge for computational methods. Doubly occupied configuration interaction (DOCI), in which all electrons are paired and no correlations which break these pairs are permitted, can in many cases provide an accurate account of strong correlations, albeit at combinatorial computational cost. Recently, there has been significant interest in a method we refer to as pair coupled cluster doubles (pCCD), a variant of coupled cluster doubles in which the electrons are paired. This is simply because pCCD provides energies nearly identical to those of DOCI, but at mean-field computational cost (disregarding the cost of the two-electron integral transformation). Here, we introduce the more complete pair extended coupled cluster doubles (pECCD) approach which, like pCCD, has mean-field cost and reproduces DOCI energetically. We show that unlike pCCD, pECCD also reproduces the DOCI wave function with high accuracy. Moreoever, pEC...

Henderson, Thomas M; Scuseria, Gustavo E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence for Nuclear Materials Assay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tungsten for various angular ranges of brems- strahlung photon production.tungsten for various angular ranges of bremsstrahlung photon production.tungsten and lead have high densities and relative to lower-Z ma- terials, have larger pair production

Quiter, Brian Joseph

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

The ion pairs and superconducting bosons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First, it is shown that the creation of the spinless ion pairs in the lattice, which are hold by the binding with neighbor ion pairs together regarded as covalent. These ion pairs are created by the repulsive potential interaction of two ions which is bound as linear oscillator. The repulsive S-wave scattering between ion pairs and electrons is transformed to the attractive effective interaction between electrons which leads to a creation of electron pairs by a binding energy depending on the condensate fraction of ion pairs $\\frac{N_0}{N}$. In this respect, the absence of ion pairs in the condensate destroys a binding energy of electron pairs and in turn so-called superconductimg phase. As new result presented theory is that the number of the superconducting bosons is not changed in the superconducting phase.

V. N. Minasyan

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

16

Non-empirical pairing functional  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present contribution reports the first systematic finite-nucleus calculations performed using the Energy Density Functional method and a non-empirical pairing functional derived from low-momentum interactions. As a first step, the effects of Coulomb and the three-body force are omitted while only the bare two-nucleon interaction at lowest order is considered. To cope with the finite-range and non-locality of the bare nuclear interaction, the 1S0 channel of Vlowk is mapped onto a convenient operator form. For the first time, neutron-neutron and proton-proton pairing correlations generated in finite nuclei by the direct term of the two-nucleon interaction are characterized in a systematic manner. Eventually, such predictions are compared to those obtained from empirical local functionals derived from density-dependent zero range interactions. The characteristics of the latter are analyzed in view of that comparison and a specific modification of their isovector density dependence is suggested to accommodate Coulomb effects and the isovector trend of neutron gaps at the same time.

T. Duguet; T. Lesinski

2007-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

17

Constraining the nuclear pairing gap with pairing vibrations M. Grasso,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constraining the nuclear pairing gap with pairing vibrations E. Khan,1 M. Grasso,1 and J. Margueron. Using the same pairing interaction in nuclear matter and in Tin nuclei, the range of densities where I. INTRODUCTION Studies on pairing effects in both nuclear matter and fi- nite nuclei have known

Boyer, Edmond

18

Galaxy pairs align with galactic filaments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context. Gravitational collapse theory and numerical simulations suggest that the velocity field within large-scale galaxy filaments is dominated by motions along the filaments. Aims. Our aim is to check whether observational data reveal any preferred orientation of galaxy pairs with respect to the underlying filaments as a result of the expectedly anisotropic velocity field. Methods. We use galaxy pairs and galaxy filaments identified from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey data. For filament extraction, we use the Bisous model that is based the marked point process technique. During the filament detection, we use the centre point of each pair instead of the positions of galaxies to avoid a built-in influence of pair orientation on the filament construction. For pairs lying within filaments (3012 cases), we calculate the angle between the line connecting galaxies of each pair and their host filament. To avoid redshift-space distortions, the angle is measured in the plain of the sky. Results. The alignment analysis...

Tempel, Elmo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Microsoft Word - 07121310 DocProd.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545*. . : '*I_ - A research projectI4the

20

Microsoft Word - 08021395 DocProd.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545*. . : '*I_ - A research

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Microsoft Word - 08071744_DocProd.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545*. . : '*I_ - A researchShirley Basin

22

Microsoft Word - 08101898_DocProd.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545*. . : '*I_ - A researchShirleySampling

23

Particle Prod. at 0¡-1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006 TheSteven Ashby Dr.presentationsParticipant September 11, 1997

24

Microsoft Word - 08031475_DocProd.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$ EGcG

25

Microsoft Word - 08071744_DocProd.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

...21 Attachment 1-Assessment of Anomalous Data Potential Outliers Report Attachment 2-Data Presentation Groundwater Quality Data Static...

26

Pairing Effects in Nuclear Fusion Reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We simulate a heavy-ion collision using the canonical-basis time-dependent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov theory (Cb-TDHFB) treating pairing correlation in the three-dimensional coordinate space. We apply the Cb-TDHFB to 22O+22O collision with a contact-type pairing energy functional, and compare results of Cb-TDHFB and TDHF to investigate the effects of pairing correlations in nuclear fusion. Our results seem to indicate that pairing effects do not increase the fusion cross section in this system.

Shuichiro Ebata; Takashi Nakatsukasa

2013-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

27

Modularity of Termination Using Dependency Pairs ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modularity of Termination Using Dependency Pairs ? Thomas Arts 1 and J¨urgen Giesl 2 1 Computer@informatik.th­darmstadt.de Abstract. The framework of dependency pairs allows automated ter­ mination and innermost termination proofs of this framework in order to prove termination in a modular way. Our mod­ ularity results significantly increase

Ábrahám, Erika

28

Schwinger pair creation in multilayer graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The low energy effective field model for the multilayer graphene (at ABC stacking) in external Electric field is considered. The Schwinger pair creation rate and the vacuum persistence probability are calculated using the semi - classical approach.

M. A. Zubkov

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

29

Order-Sorted Dependency Pairs Salvador Lucas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Order-Sorted Dependency Pairs Salvador Lucas DSIC, Universidad Polit´ecnica de Valencia, Spain modeled as many-sorted or, more Salvador Lucas was partially supported by the EU (FEDER) and the Spanish

Lucas, Salvador

30

90 Seconds of Discovery: Frustrated Lewis Pairs  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Hydrogen activating catalysts play an important role in producing valuable chemicals, such as biofuels and ammonia. As a part of efforts to develop the next generation of these catalysts, PNNL researchers have found potential in Frustrated Lewis Pairs.

Kathmann, Shawn; Schenter, Greg; Autrey, Tom

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

31

90 Seconds of Discovery: Frustrated Lewis Pairs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogen activating catalysts play an important role in producing valuable chemicals, such as biofuels and ammonia. As a part of efforts to develop the next generation of these catalysts, PNNL researchers have found potential in Frustrated Lewis Pairs.

Kathmann, Shawn; Schenter, Greg; Autrey, Tom

2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

32

Continuous-wave, pair-pumped laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report room-temperature operation of what we believe is the first continuous-wave laser that relies exclusively on cooperative upconversion by coupled ion pairs to achieve population inversion.

Xie, P.; Rand, S.C. (Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI (USA))

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Dual Origin of Pairing in Nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An essentially "complete" description of the low-energy nuclear structure of the superfluid nucleus $^{120}$Sn and of its odd-$A$ neighbors is provided by the observations carried out with the help of Coulomb excitation and of one-- and of two-- particle transfer reactions, specific probes of vibrations, quasiparticle and pairing degrees of freedom respectively, and of their mutual couplings. These experimental findings are used to stringently test the predictions of a similarly "complete" description of $^{119,120,121}$Sn carried out in terms of elementary modes of excitation which, through their interweaving, melt together into effective fields, each displaying properties reflecting that of all others, there individuality resulting from the actual relative importance of each one. Its implementation is done by solving the Nambu-Gor'kov equations including, for the first time, all medium polarization effects resulting from the interweaving of quasiparticles, spin and surface vibrations, taking into account, within the framework of nuclear field theory (NFT), the variety of processes leading to self-energy, vertex and Pauli principle corrections, and to the induced pairing interaction. Theory provides an overall quantitative account of the experimental findings. From these results one can, not only obtain strong circumstantial evidence for the inevitability for the dual origin of pairing in nuclei but also, extract information which can be used at profit to quantitatively disentangle the contributions to pairing correlations in general and to the pairing gap in particular, arising from the bare and from the induced pairing interactions.

A. Idini; G. Potel; F. Barranco; E. Vigezzi; R. A. Broglia

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

34

Nuclear elements in Banach Jordan pairs Ottmar Loos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear elements in Banach Jordan pairs Ottmar Loos Abstract We introduce nuclear elements in Banach Jordan pairs, generalizing the nuclear elements Jordan pairs and show that the trace form Trintroduced in [3] may be extended to the nuclear

35

Ab Initio Atomic Simulations of Antisite Pair Recovery in Cubic...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atomic Simulations of Antisite Pair Recovery in Cubic Silicon Carbide. Ab Initio Atomic Simulations of Antisite Pair Recovery in Cubic Silicon Carbide. Abstract: The thermal...

36

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

",2,130,"Motor Gas, Conventional, Other",4909,"SAN JUAN, PR","PUERTO RICO",6,428,"GERMANY",77,0,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING...

37

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

INC ",90,840,"Unfinished Oils, Heavy Gas Oils",2812,"RICHMOND, CA","CALIFORNIA",5,428,"GERMANY",247,0,0,"CHEVRON USA INC ",120,"RICHMOND","CA","CALIFORNIA",5 "application...

38

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

COMPONENTS, GTAB, FOR CONVENTIONAL",1004,"PERTH AMBOY, NJ","NEW JERSEY",1,428,"GERMANY",29,0,0,"KINDER MORGAN ","CARTERET TERM","NJ","NEW JERSEY",1 38383,"BP PRODTS N AMER...

39

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

",1,130,"Motor Gas, Conventional, Other",4909,"SAN JUAN, PR","PUERTO RICO",6,428,"GERMANY",1,0,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING...

40

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

",10,130,"Motor Gas, Conventional, Other",4909,"SAN JUAN, PR","PUERTO RICO",6,428,"GERMANY",11,0,0,,,,,," " 41305,"ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING ",11,130,"Motor Gas, Conventional,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

USA LP ",2,854,"Lubricants, Total",5301,"HOUSTON, TX","TEXAS",3,428,"GERMANY",3,0,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","INFINEUM USA LP ",3,854,"Lubricants,...

42

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

USA LP ",2,854,"Lubricants, Total",5301,"HOUSTON, TX","TEXAS",3,428,"GERMANY",1,0,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","INFINEUM USA LP ",3,854,"Lubricants,...

43

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

",5,130,"Motor Gas, Conventional, Other",4909,"SAN JUAN, PR","PUERTO RICO",6,428,"GERMANY",22,0,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING...

44

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

GAS BLENDING COMPONENTS, ALL OTHER",1003,"NEWARK, NJ","NEW JERSEY",1,428,"GERMANY",215,0,0,"KINDER MORGAN ","CARTERET","NJ","NEW JERSEY",1 39478,"BP PRODUCTS NORTH...

45

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

BP LUBRICANTS ",8,854,"Lubricants, Total",1003,"NEWARK, NJ","NEW JERSEY",1,428,"GERMANY",1,0,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","CASTROL BP LUBRICANTS...

46

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PETRO CORP",5,508,"RESIDUAL FUEL, < 0.31% SULFUR",5301,"HOUSTON, TX","TEXAS",3,428,"GERMANY",440,0.12,0,,,,, 35826,"D & C TRANSP INC",1,461,"DISTILLATE, < 0.05% SUL...

47

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

",15,130,"Motor Gas, Conventional, Other",4909,"SAN JUAN, PR","PUERTO RICO",6,428,"GERMANY",2,0,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING...

48

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

BP LUBRICANTS ",4,854,"Lubricants, Total",5301,"HOUSTON, TX","TEXAS",3,428,"GERMANY",1,0,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","CASTROL BP LUBRICANTS...

49

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

34000,"EXXON CO USA",38,850,"UNFINISHED OILS, RESIDUUM",5301,"HOUSTON, TX","TEXAS",3,,"GERMANY, FD (W)",319,0,0,"EXXON CO USA","BAYTOWN","TX","TEXAS",3 34000,"EXXON CO...

50

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

REFG CO",2,850,"UNFINISHED OILS, RESIDUUM",1003,"NEWARK, NJ","NEW JERSEY",1,,"GERMANY, FD (W)",336,0,0,"BAYWAY REFG CO","BAYWAY","NJ","NEW JERSEY",1 34365,"BAYWAY REFG...

51

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

INC ",91,134,"MOTOR GAS BLENDING COMPONENTS",1001,"NEW YORK, NY","NEW YORK",1,429,"GERMANY, DR (E)",46,0,0,"BP PRODTS N AMER INC ","CARTERET","NJ","NEW JERSEY",1 37652,"BP...

52

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

BP LUBRICANTS ",1,854,"Lubricants, Total",5301,"HOUSTON, TX","TEXAS",3,428,"GERMANY",1,0,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","CENOVUS MARKETING USA INC ",1,025,"Crude...

53

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

CO ",19,840,"UNFINISHED OILS, HEAVY GAS OILS",1003,"NEWARK, NJ","NEW JERSEY",1,428,"GERMANY",108,0,0,"CONOCOPHILLIPS ","BAYWAY","NJ","NEW JERSEY",1 39113,"CONOCOPHILLIPS CO...

54

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

",16,130,"MOTOR GAS, CONVENTIONAL, OTHER",1004,"PERTH AMBOY, NJ","NEW JERSEY",1,428,"GERMANY",72,0,0,,,,, 38748,"BP PRODUCTS N AMERICA INC ",1,121,"MOTOR GAS BLENDING COMPONENTS,...

55

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

",13,130,"Motor Gas, Conventional, Other",4909,"SAN JUAN, PR","PUERTO RICO",6,428,"GERMANY",17,0,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING...

56

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5,510,"Residual Fuel, Over 1.00% Sulfur",1003,"NEWARK, NJ","NEW JERSEY",1,220,"BRAZIL",11,3.41,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","AEGEAN BUNKERING USA LLC ",11,510,"Residual...

57

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1,510,"Residual Fuel, Over 1.00% Sulfur",1401,"NORFOLK, VA","VIRGINIA",1,220,"BRAZIL",15,3.45,0,,,,,," " "applicationvnd.ms-excel","AEGEAN BUNKERING USA LLC ",2,510,"Residual...

58

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

",3,025,"Crude Oil",3402,"NOYES, MN","MINNESOTA",2,260,"CANADA",62,3.86,21.6,"MERCURIA ENERGY TRADING ",4966,"GREEN PORT","TX","TEXAS",3 "applicationvnd.ms-excel","MERCURIA...

59

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oil",3604,"INTER. FALLS,MN","MINNESOTA",2,260,"CANADA",117,4.06,20.9,"MERCURIA ENERGY TRADING ",4966,"GREEN PORT","TX","TEXAS",3 "applicationvnd.ms-excel","MICHIGAN...

60

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oil",3604,"INTER. FALLS,MN","MINNESOTA",2,260,"CANADA",164,4.06,20.9,"MERCURIA ENERGY TRADING ",4966,"GREEN PORT","TX","TEXAS",3 "applicationvnd.ms-excel","MICHIGAN...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

201,"SPRAGUE ENERGY CORP",1,461,"DIST, < 0.05% SUL (DOM.)",0131,"PORTSMOUTH, NH","NH",100,260,"CANADA",114,0,0 0201,"SPRAGUE ENERGY CORP",2,461,"DIST, < 0.05% SUL...

62

Schwinger Pair Production in Pulsed Electric Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We numerically investigate the temporal behavior and the structure of longitudinal momentum spectrum and the field polarity effect on pair production in pulsed electric fields in scalar quantum electrodynamics (QED). Using the evolution operator expressed in terms of the particle and antiparticle operators, we find the exact quantum states under the influence of electric pulses and measure the number of pairs of the Minkowski particle and antiparticle. The number of pairs, depending on the configuration of electric pulses, exhibits rich structures in the longitudinal momentum spectrum and undergoes diverse dynamical behaviors at the onset of the interaction but always either converges to a momentum-dependent constant or oscillates around a momentum-dependent time average after the completion of fields.

Sang Pyo Kim; Hyung Won Lee; Remo Ruffini

2012-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

63

Thermodynamics of pairing in mesoscopic systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using numerical and analytical methods implemented for different models we conduct a systematic study of thermodynamic properties of pairing correlation in mesoscopic nuclear systems. Various quantities are calculated and analyzed using the exact solution of pairing. An in-depth comparison of canonical, grand canonical, and microcanonical ensemble is conducted. The nature of the pairing phase transition in a small system is of a particular interest. We discuss the onset of discontinuity in the thermodynamic variables, fluctuations, and evolution of zeros of the canonical and grand canonical partition functions in the complex plane. The behavior of the Invariant Correlational Entropy is also studied in the transitional region of interest. The change in the character of the phase transition due to the presence of magnetic field is discussed along with studies of superconducting thermodynamics.

Tony Sumaryada; Alexander Volya

2007-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

64

Thermodynamics of pairing transition in hot nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pairing correlations in hot nuclei $^{162}$Dy are investigated in terms of the thermodynamical properties by covariant density functional theory. The heat capacities $C_V$ are evaluated in the canonical ensemble theory and the paring correlations are treated by a shell-model-like approach, in which the particle number is conserved exactly. A S-shaped heat capacity curve, which agrees qualitatively with the experimental data, has been obtained and analyzed in details. It is found that the one-pair-broken states play crucial roles in the appearance of the S shape of the heat capacity curve. Moreover, due to the effect of the particle-number conservation, the pairing gap varies smoothly with the temperature, which indicates a gradual transition from the superfluid to the normal state.

Lang Liu; Zhen-Hua Zhang; Peng-Wei Zhao

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

65

Holographic EPR Pairs, Wormholes and Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As evidence for the ER=EPR conjecture, it has recently been observed that the string that is holographically dual to an entangled quark-antiquark pair separating with (asymptotically) uniform acceleration has a wormhole on its worldsheet. We point out that a two-sided horizon and a wormhole actually appear for much more generic quark-antiquark trajectories, which is consistent with the fact that the members of an EPR pair need not be permanently out of causal contact. The feature that determines whether the causal structure of the string worldsheet is trivial or not turns out to be the emission of gluonic radiation by the dual quark and antiquark. In the strongly-coupled gauge theory, it is only when radiation is emitted that one obtains an unambiguous separation of the pair into entangled subsystems, and this is what is reflected on the gravity side by the existence of the worldsheet horizon.

Chernicoff, Mariano; Pedraza, Juan F

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Extracting an entangled photon pair from collectively decohered pairs at a telecommunication wavelength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We experimentally demonstrated entanglement extraction scheme by using photons at the telecommunication band for optical-fiber-based quantum communications. We generated two pairs of non-degenerate polarization entangled photons at 780~nm and 1551~nm by spontaneous parametric down-conversion and distributed the two photons at 1551~nm through a collective phase damping channel which gives the same amount of random phase shift on the two photons. Through local operation and classical communication, we extracted an entangled photon pair from two phase-disturbed photon pairs. An observed fidelity of the extracted photon pair to a maximally entangled photon pair was 0.73 $\\pm$ 0.07 which clearly shows the recovery of entanglement.

Yoshiaki Tsujimoto; Yukihiro Sugiura; Makoto Ando; Daisuke Katsuse; Rikizo Ikuta; Takashi Yamamoto; Masato Koashi; Nobuyuki Imoto

2015-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

67

Improved Modular Termination Proofs Using Dependency Pairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved Modular Termination Proofs Using Dependency Pairs Renâ??e Thiemann, JË?urgen Giesl, Peter) termination proofs of term rewrite systems (TRSs). For any TRS, it generates inequality constraints that have to be satisfied by well­founded orders. However, proving innermost termination is considerably easier than

Kobbelt, Leif

68

Improved Modular Termination Proofs Using Dependency Pairs #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved Modular Termination Proofs Using Dependency Pairs # Renâ??e Thiemann, JË?urgen Giesl, Peter) termination proofs of term rewrite systems (TRSs). For any TRS, it generates inequality constraints that have to be satisfied by well­founded orders. However, proving innermost termination is considerably easier than

Ábrahám, Erika

69

Improved Modular Termination Proofs Using Dependency Pairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved Modular Termination Proofs Using Dependency Pairs Ren´e Thiemann, J¨urgen Giesl, Peter) termination proofs of term rewrite systems (TRSs). For any TRS, it generates inequality constraints that have to be satisfied by well-founded orders. However, proving innermost termination is considerably easier than

Middeldorp, Aart

70

Project-Role Pair user_tokens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OSAC Users (U) Domains (D) Roles (R) User Assignment (UA) Permission Assignment (PA) Project Ownership (PO) Project-Role Pair (PRP) Projects (P) Tokens (T) User Ownership (UO) Services (S) user_tokens token_project Groups (G) Group Ownership (GO) User Group (UG) Group Assignment (GA) token_roles PERMS

Sandhu, Ravi

71

Production of Meson Pairs Involving $L \  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a formalism for studying the exclusive production or decay of mesons with any value of the internal orbital angular momentum L. As an application, we discuss the production of meson pairs (involving tensor and pseudotensor mesons) in photon-photon collisions.

Houra-Yaou, L; Parisi, J; Murgia, F; Hansson, J

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

COOPER PAIR TRANSISTOR IN A TUNABLE ENVIRONMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COOPER PAIR TRANSISTOR IN A TUNABLE ENVIRONMENT S. Corlevi, W. Guichard, and D. B. Haviland* 1 measurements of the CPT, which are performed in a low impedance environment, the charging effects are observed as gate voltage modulation of the critical current. However, in a high impedance environment, a Coulomb

Haviland, David

73

EFFECT OF JOINT AUDITOR PAIR ON CONSERVATISM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 EFFECT OF JOINT AUDITOR PAIR ON CONSERVATISM: EVIDENCE FROM IMPAIRMENT TESTS Gerald Lobo's (1997) measure of conservatism, are more likely to book impairments when operating performance is low requiring joint audit to improve audit quality. Mots clés : Co-commissariat ­ Reconnaissance adéquate des

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

74

A search for resonant Z pair production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

I describe a search for anomalous production of Z pairs through a new massive resonance X in 2.5-2.9 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV using the CDFII Detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. I reconstruct Z pairs through their decays to electrons, muons, and quarks. To achieve perhaps the most efficient lepton reconstruction ever used at CDF, I apply a thorough understanding of the detector and new reconstruction software heavily revised for this purpose. In particular, I have designed and employ new general-purpose algorithms for tracking at large {eta} in order to increase muon acceptance. Upon analyzing the unblinded signal samples, I observe no X {yields} ZZ candidates and set upper limits on the production cross section using a Kaluza-Klein graviton-like acceptance.

Boveia, Antonio; /UC, Santa Barbara

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Photoinduced electron transfer in contact ion pairs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Contact ion pair (CIP) formation is especially relevant to the reactivity of organic and organometallic nucleophiles and electrophiles in solution. The authors felt that the intermolecular charge-transfer (CT) absorptions which commonly accompany the interaction of uncharged nucleophiles (donors) with electrophiles (acceptors) could also provide the experimental means to assess CIP behavior. Accordingly they examined the CT excitations from CIPs of carbonylmetallate anions in this study, since they are known to be effective nucleophiles with relatively low ionization potentials.

Bockman, T.M.; Kochi, J.K.

1988-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

76

Infrared Properties of Close Pairs of Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss spectroscopy and infrared photometry for a complete sample of ~ 800 galaxies in close pairs objectively selected from the CfA2 redshift survey. We use 2MASS to compare near infrared color-color diagrams for our sample with the Nearby Field Galaxy Sample and with a set of IRAS flux-limited pairs from Surace et al. We construct a basic statistical model to explore the physical sources of the substantial differences among these samples. The model explains the spread of near infrared colors and is consistent with a picture where central star formation is triggered by the galaxy-galaxy interaction before a merger occurs. For 160 galaxies we report new, deep JHK photometry within our spectroscopic aperture and we use the combined spectroscopic and photometric data to explore the physical conditions in the central bursts. We find a set of objects with H-K >= 0.45 and with a large F(FIR)/F(H). We interpret the very red H-K colors as evidence for 600-1000 K dust within compact star-forming regions, perhaps similar to super-star clusters identified in individual well-studied interacting galaxies. The galaxies in our sample are candidate ``hidden'' bursts or, possibly, ``hidden'' AGN. Over the entire pair sample, both spectroscopic and photometric data show that the specific star formation rate decreases with the projected separation of the pair. The data suggest that the near infrared color-color diagram is also a function of the projected separation; all of the objects with central near infrared colors indicative of bursts of star formation lie at small projected separation.

Margaret J. Geller; Scott J. Kenyon; Elizabeth J. Barton; Thomas H. Jarrett; Lisa J. Kewley

2006-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

77

Pair densities in density functional theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The exact interaction energy of a many-electron system is determined by the electron pair density, which is not well-approximated in standard Kohn-Sham density functional models. Here we study the (complicated but well-defined) exact universal map from density to pair density. We show that many common functionals, including the most basic version of the LDA (Dirac exchange with no correlation contribution), arise from particular approximations of this map. We develop an algorithm to compute the map numerically, and apply it to one-parameter families {a*rho(a*x)} of one-dimensional homogeneous and inhomogeneous single-particle densities. We observe that the pair density develops remarkable multiscale patterns which strongly depend on both the particle number and the "width" 1/a of the single-particle density. The simulation results are confirmed by rigorous asymptotic results in the limiting regimes a>>1 and a<<1. For one-dimensional homogeneous systems, we show that the whole spectrum of patterns is rep...

Chen, Huajie

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Energy Efficiency and Fitness - A Complementary Pair | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Efficiency and Fitness - A Complementary Pair Energy Efficiency and Fitness - A Complementary Pair June 23, 2011 - 4:15pm Addthis Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Former Digital...

79

LM194LM394SupermatchPair December 1994  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TL H 9241 LM194LM394SupermatchPair December 1994 LM194 LM394 Supermatch Pair General Description The LM194 and LM394 are junction isolated ultra well- matched monolithic NPN transistor pairs emitter to ensure com- plete isolation between devices The LM194 and LM394 will provide a considerable

Lanterman, Aaron

80

Proton-neutron pairing vibrations in N=Z nuclei: Precursory soft mode of isoscalar pairing condensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L=0 proton-neutron ($pn$) pair-addition and pair-removal strengths in $^{40}$Ca and $^{56}$Ni are investigated by means of the $pn$ particle-particle random-phase approximation employing a Skyrme energy-density functional. It is found that the collectivity of the lowest $J^\\pi = 1^+$ state in the adjacent odd-odd nuclei becomes stronger as the strength of the isoscalar (T=0) pairing interaction increases. The results suggest the emergence of the T=0 $pn$-pairing vibrational mode as a possible critical phenomenon toward the T=0 pairing condensation.

Kenichi Yoshida

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Pair Correlation Function of Wilson Loops  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give a path integral prescription for the pair correlation function of Wilson loops lying in the worldvolume of Dbranes in the bosonic open and closed string theory. The results can be applied both in ordinary flat spacetime in the critical dimension d or in the presence of a generic background for the Liouville field. We compute the potential between heavy nonrelativistic sources in an abelian gauge theory in relative collinear motion with velocity v = tanh(u), probing length scales down to r_min^2 = 2 \\pi \\alpha' u. We predict a universal -(d-2)/r static interaction at short distances. We show that the velocity dependent corrections to the short distance potential in the bosonic string take the form of an infinite power series in the dimensionless variables z = r_min^2/r^2, uz/\\pi, and u^2.

S. Chaudhuri; Y. Chen; E. Novak

2000-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

82

Pair-Production Supernovae: Theory and Observation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I review the physical properties of pair-production supernovae (PPSNe) as well as the prospects for them to be constrained observationally. In very massive (140-260 solar mass) stars, much of the pressure support comes from the radiation field, meaning that they are loosely bound, with an adiabatic coefficient that is close to the minimum stable value. Near the end of C/O burning, the central temperature increases to the point that photons begin to be converted into electron-positron pairs, softening gamma below this critical value. The result is a runaway collapse, followed by explosive burning that completely obliterates the star. While these explosions can be up to 100 times more energetic that core collapse and Type Ia supernovae, their peak luminosities are only slightly greater. However, due both to copious Ni-56 production and hydrogen recombination, they are brighter much longer, and remain observable for ~ 1 year. Since metal enrichment is a local process, PPSNe should occur in pockets of metal-free gas over a broad range of redshifts, greatly enhancing their detectability, and distributing their nucleosyntehtic products about the Milky Way. This means that measurements of the abundances of metal-free stars should be thought of as directly constraining these objects. It also means that ongoing supernova searches, already provide weak constraints for PPSN models. A survey with the NIRCam instrument on JWST, on the other hand, would be able to extend these limits to z ~ 10. Observing a 0.3 deg^2 patch of sky for one week per year for three consecutive years, such a program would either detect or rule out the existence of these remarkable objects.

Evan Scannapieco

2006-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

83

On the polar cap cascade pair multiplicity of young pulsars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the efficiency of pair production in polar caps of young pulsars under a variety of conditions to estimate the maximum possible multiplicity of pair plasma in pulsar magnetospheres. We develop a semi-analytic model for calculation of cascade multiplicity which allows efficient exploration of the parameter space and corroborate it with direct numerical simulations. Pair creation processes are considered separately from particle acceleration in order to assess different factors affecting cascade efficiency, with acceleration of primary particles described by recent self-consistent non-stationary model of pair cascades. We argue that the most efficient cascades operate in the curvature radiation/synchrotron regime, the maximum multiplicity of pair plasma in pulsar magnetospheres is ~few x 10^5. The multiplicity of pair plasma in magnetospheres of young energetic pulsars weakly depends on the strength of the magnetic field and the radius of curvature of magnetic field lines and has a stronger dependence ...

Timokhin, A N

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Isovector pairing and quartet condensation in N=Z nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We introduce and study a quartet condensate model (QCM) to treat the isovector pairing correlations in N=Z nuclei, by conserving the particle number and the total spin and isospin in the ground state of such nuclei. For the calculations we choose different isovector pairing forces acting on spherical and axially deformed single particle states. The results show that the QCM model describes very well the isovector pairing correlations for nuclear systems with N=Z.

Sandulescu, N.; Negrea, D.; Dukelsky, J.; Johnson, C. W. [National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, P.O. BOX MG-6, 76900 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 123, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Department of Physics, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182-1233 (United States)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

85

The holographic dual of an EPR pair has a wormhole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct the holographic dual of two colored quasiparticles in maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory entangled in a color singlet EPR pair. In the holographic dual the entanglement is encoded in a geometry of a non-traversable wormhole on the worldsheet of the flux tube connecting the pair. This gives a simple example supporting the recent claim by Maldacena and Susskind that EPR pairs and non-traversable wormholes are equivalent descriptions of the same physics.

Jensen, Kristan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Proton-neutron pairing correlations in the nuclear shell model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A shell-model study of proton-neutron pairing in f - p shell nuclei using a parametrized hamiltonian that includes deformation and spin-orbit effects as well as isoscalar and isovector pairing is reported. By working in a shell-model framework we are able to assess the role of the various modes of proton-neutron pairing in the presence of nuclear deformation without violating symmetries. Results are presented for $^{44}$Ti, $^{46}$Ti and $^{48}$Cr.

Lei Yang; S. Pittel; B. Thakur; N. Sandulescu; A. Poves; Yu-Min Zhao

2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

87

A Bell pair in a generic random matrix environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two non-interacting qubits are coupled to an environment. Both coupling and environment are represented by random matrix ensembles. The initial state of the pair is a Bell state, though we also consider arbitrary pure states. Decoherence of the pair is evaluated analytically in terms of purity; Monte Carlo calculations confirm these results and also yield the concurrence of the pair. Entanglement within the pair accelerates decoherence. Numerics display the relation between concurrence and purity known for Werner states, allowing us to give a formula for concurrence decay.

Carlos Pineda; Thomas H. Seligman

2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

88

associative pairing enhances: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

design rules... Cowen, Nicholas L. 2010-07-14 22 Associated Production of Neutral Higgs Boson with Squark Pair in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model with Explicit CP...

89

Unifying Projected Entangled Pair States contractions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The approximate contraction of a Projected Entangled Pair States (PEPS) tensor network is a fundamental ingredient of any PEPS algorithm, required for the optimization of the tensors in ground state search or time evolution, as well as for the evaluation of expectation values. An exact contraction is in general impossible, and the choice of the approximating procedure determines the efficiency and accuracy of the algorithm. We analyze different previous proposals for this approximation, and show that they can be understood via the form of their environment, i.e. the operator that results from contracting part of the network. This provides physical insight into the limitation of various approaches, and allows us to introduce a new strategy, based on the idea of clusters, that unifies previous methods. The resulting contraction algorithm interpolates naturally between the cheapest and most imprecise and the most costly and most precise method. We benchmark the different algorithms with finite PEPS, and show how the cluster strategy can be used for both the tensor optimization and the calculation of expectation values. Additionally, we discuss its applicability to the parallelization of PEPS and to infinite systems (iPEPS).

Michael Lubasch; J. Ignacio Cirac; Mari-Carmen Bañuls

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

Properties of an EPR pair If you measure the two halves of an EPR pair using the same basis,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Properties of an EPR pair If you measure the two halves of an EPR pair using the same basis, you¨odinger (1935) Motivated by EPR, he introduced the term entanglement (verschr¨ankung). Bell (1964) Bell.g., CHSH) of it? · Can we make EPR pairs from many copies of AB (i.e., n AB)? · Can we use a classical

Shor, Peter W.

91

Liquid pair correlations in four spatial dimensions: Theory versus simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using liquid integral equation theory, we calculate the pair correlations of particles that interact via a smooth repulsive pair potential in d = 4 spatial dimensions. We discuss the performance of different closures for the Ornstein-Zernike equation, by comparing the results to computer simulation data. Our results are of relevance to understand crystal and glass formation in high-dimensional systems.

M. Heinen; J. Horbach; H. Löwen

2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

92

Noise properties of mutually sustained microwave-optoelectronic oscillator pair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Noise properties of mutually sustained microwave-optoelectronic oscillator pair E. Shumakher and G microwave-optoelectronic oscillator pair are described. The two oscillators have different spectral purities and exhibits low phase noise and highly suppressed spurious modes. Optoelectronic oscillators are employed

Eisenstein, Gadi

93

LCPHSM2004005 Study of Higgs Boson Pair Production at  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LC­PHSM­2004­005 March 2004 Study of Higgs Boson Pair Production at Linear Collider K. Desch a , TV for the measurement of the neutral Higgs boson properties within the framework of the MSSM. The process of associated Higgs boson production with subsequent decays of Higgs bosons into b­quark and #­lepton pairs

94

Pair Production of Topological anti de Sitter Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pair creation of black holes with event horizons of non-trivial topology is described. The spacetimes are all limiting cases of the cosmological $C$ metric. They are generalizations of the $(2+1)$ dimensional black hole and have asymptotically anti de Sitter behaviour. Domain walls instantons can mediate their pair creation for a wide range of mass and charge.

R. B. Mann

1996-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

95

Density-matrix functionals for pairing in mesoscopic superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A functional theory based on single-particle occupation numbers is developed for pairing. This functional, that generalizes the BCS approach, directly incorporates corrections due to particle number conservation. The functional is benchmarked with the pairing Hamiltonian and reproduces perfectly the energy for any particle number and coupling.

Denis Lacroix; Guillaume Hupin

2010-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

96

Semiclassical pair production rate for rotating electric fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We semiclassically investigate Schwinger pair production for pulsed rotating electric fields depending on time. To do so we solve the Dirac equation for two-component fields in a WKB-like approximation. The result shows that for two-component fields the spin distribution of produced pairs is generally not $1:1$. As a result the pair creation rates of spinor and scalar quantum electro dynamics (QED) are different even for one pair of turning points. For rotating electric fields the pair creation rate is dominated by particles with a specific spin depending on the sense of rotation for a certain range of pulse lengths and frequencies. We present an analytical solution for the momentum spectrum of the constant rotating field. We find interference effects not only in the momentum spectrum but also in the total particle number of rotating electric fields.

Eckhard Strobel; She-Sheng Xue

2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

97

Relativistic tunneling picture of electron-positron pair creation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The common tunneling picture of electron-positron pair creation in a strong electric field is generalized to pair creation in combined crossed electric and magnetic fields. This enhanced picture, being symmetric for electrons and positrons, is formulated in a gauge-invariant and Lorentz-invariant manner for quasistatic fields. It may be used to infer qualitative features of the pair creation process. In particular, it allows for an intuitive interpretation of how the presence of a magnetic field modifies and, in particular cases, even enhances pair creation. The creation of electrons and positrons from the vacuum may be assisted by an energetic photon, which can also be incorporated into this picture of pair creation.

Anton Wöllert; Michael Klaiber; Heiko Bauke; Christoph H. Keitel

2015-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

98

Pairs Emission in a Uniform Background Field: an Algebraic Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A fully algebraic general approach is developed to treat the pairs emission and absorption in the presence of some uniform external background field. In particular, it is shown that the pairs production and annihilation operators, together with the pairs number operator, do actually fulfill the SU(2) functional Lie algebra. As an example of application, the celebrated Schwinger formula is consistently and nicely recovered, within this novel approach, for a Dirac spinor field in the presence of a constant and homogeneous electric field in four spacetime dimensions.

Roberto Soldati

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

99

Can a wormhole be interpreted as an EPR pair?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, Maldacena and Susskind arXiv:1306.0533 and Jensen and Karch arXiv:1307.1132 argued that a wormhole can be interpreted as an EPR pair. We point out that a convincing justification of such an interpretation would require a quantitative evidence that correlations between two ends of the wormhole are equal to those between the members of the EPR pair. As long as the existing results do not contain such evidence, the interpretation of wormhole as an EPR pair does not seem justified.

Nikolic, H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

QED peripheral mechanism of pair production at colliders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cross sections of the processes of production of neutral pions and pairs of charged fermions and bosons in peripheral interaction of leptons and photons are calculated in the main logarithmic approximation. We investigate the phase volumes and differential cross sections. The differential cross sections of production of a few neutral pions and a few pairs are written down explicitly. Considering the academic problem of summation over a number of pairs for massless particles we reproduce the known results obtained in the 1970s. The possibility of constructing the generator for Monte Carlo modeling of these processes based on these results is discussed.

Ahmadov, A. I.; Galynskii, M. V.; Bystritskiy, Yu. M.; Kuraev, E. A.; Shatnev, M. G. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia, and Institute of Physics, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Baku (Azerbaijan); Institute of Physics, Minsk (Belarus); Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, Kharkov, 61108 (Ukraine)

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Validity of pair truncations with effective interaction in Ca isotopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using the GXPF1A interaction for the pf shell nuclei, we calculate energy levels and E2 transition rates for the semimagic nuclei {sup 43-46}Ca within both the exact shell-model space and a number of subspaces constructed using collective nucleon pairs. We present explicitly the overlaps between wave functions of low-lying states obtained from shell-model calculations and those obtained using truncated nucleon-pair subspaces. These examples are used as touchstones of pair approximations.

Lei, Y.; Xu, Z. Y. [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Zhao, Y. M. [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Arima, A. [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Science Museum, Japan Science Foundation, 2-1 Kitanomaru-koen, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo 102-0091 (Japan)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

Effective field theory for dilute fermions with pairing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effective field theory (EFT) methods for a uniform system of fermions with short-range, natural interactions are extended to include pairing correlations, as part of a program to develop a systematic Kohn-Sham density functional theory (DFT) for medium and heavy nuclei. An effective action formalism for local composite operators leads to a free-energy functional that includes pairing by applying an inversion method order by order in the EFT expansion. A consistent renormalization scheme is demonstrated for the uniform system through next-to-leading order, which includes induced-interaction corrections to pairing.

Furnstahl, R.J. [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)], E-mail: furnstahl.1@osu.edu; Hammer, H.-W. [Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik (Theorie), Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 14-16, D-53115 Bonn (Germany)], E-mail: hammer@itkp.uni-bonn.de; Puglia, S.J. [SBIG PLC, Berkeley Square House, London W1J 6BR (United Kingdom)], E-mail: spuglia@sbiguk.com

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

pp: 121 (col.fig.: Nil) PROD. TYPE: COM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regime; poroelasticity; matrix19 conditioning 1. INTRODUCTION21 The study of wave propagation in porous-MESGOUEZ contaminating water saturated sites, oil-filled reservoirs, seafloor, air saturated concrete or sound1 absorbing MHz.5 On the microscopic spatial scale a porous material is a medium that presents a solid part

Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse, Université de

104

Microsoft Word - 08041519_08051593_DocProd.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofofOxford SiteToledo SiteTonawanda North - t ' v I2

105

Microsoft Word - RIN 07040836 DocProd.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofofOxford SiteToledo SiteTonawanda North -Report of Steps Taken page

106

Microsoft Word - RIN 08071743 DocProd.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofofOxford SiteToledo SiteTonawanda North -Report of Steps TakenGrand

107

Microsoft Word - GFC-ATVProposedProd-Costs.doc  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't32 Master EMAZINFO DepartmentEMRegulation;Microsoft WordCHRYSLER

108

43029CO2Prod | netl.doe.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICS H.CarbonMarch Value4 3.P D ATFORCarbon

109

Microsoft Word - RIN 06110582_DocProd.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545*. . :the Department ofSITE-WIDE206448

110

Microsoft Word - RIN 07081119 DocProd.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545*. . :the Department ofSITE-WIDE20644885

111

Microsoft Word - RIN 08051595 DocProd.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545*. . :the Department ofSITE-WIDE2064488508

112

Microsoft Word - RIN 08061655 DocProd.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545*. . :the Department

113

Microsoft Word - RIN07050889_ DocProd.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545*. . :theWater Sampling071 2006 - -L512

114

Property:NbrProdWells | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy ResourcesLoadingPenobscot County,ContAddr2 JumpNbrInjWells Jump to: navigation, search Property

115

On the Anonymity of Home/Work Location Pairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Anonymity of Home/Work Location Pairs Philippe Golle and Kurt Partridge Palo Alto Research population is 1, 21 and 34,980, for locations known at the granularity of a census block, census track

Golle, Philippe

116

Macro-coherent two photon and radiative neutrino pair emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a possibility of detecting a coherent photon pair emission and related radiative neutrino pair emission from excited atoms. It is shown that atoms of lambda- and ladder-type three level system placed in a pencil-like cylinder give a back to back emission of two photons of equal energy $\\Delta/2$, sharply peaked with a width $\\propto $ 1/(target size) and well collimated along the cylinder axis. This process has a measurable rate $\\propto$ (target number density) $^2 \\times$ target volume, while a broader spectral feature of one-photon distribution separated by (mass sum of a neutrino pair)$^2/(2\\Delta)$ from the two photon peak may arise from radiative neutrino pair emission, with a much smaller rate.

M. Yoshimura; C. Ohae; A. Fukumi; K. Nakajima; I. Nakano; H. Nanjo; N. Sasao

2008-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

117

Signed-Rank Tests for Censored Matched Pairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Z . (1967), The Theory of Rank Tests, New York: AcademicT. R. (1982), " A Class of Rank Test Procedures for Censored1983), " A Modified Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test for Paired Data,"

Dorota M. Dabrowska

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Top quark pair cross section prospects in ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The observation of the top quark will be an important milestone in ATLAS. This talk reviews methods that ATLAS plans to use to observe the top quark pair production process and measure its cross section.

Andrei Gaponenko; for the ATLAS Collaboration

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

119

Formation of Cooper pairs as a consequence of exchange interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pairing of two electrons with antiparallel spins may lead to energy minimization of each of the paired electrons. Thus the exchange interaction causes a bond between two valence electrons in a crystal. This can be proved analyzing the energy of each valence electron in the field of the one-valent metallic crystal on assumption that all other kinds of magnetic spin ordering in the crystal are negligible.

Stanislav Dolgopolov

2015-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

120

Formation of Cooper pairs as a consequence of exchange interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pairing of two electrons with antiparallel spins may lead to energy minimization of each of the paired electrons. Thus the exchange interaction causes a bond between two valence electrons in a crystal. This can be proved analyzing the energy of each valence electron in the field of the one-valent metallic crystal on assumption that all other kinds of magnetic spin ordering in the crystal are negligible.

Dolgopolov, Stanislav

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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121

On magnon mediated Cooper pair formation in ferromagnetic superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Identification of pairing mechanism leading to ferromagnetic superconductivity is one of the most challenging issues in condensed matter physics. Although different models have been proposed to explain this phenomenon, a quantitative understanding about this pairing is yet to be achieved. Using the localized-itinerant model, we find that in ferromagnetic superconducting materials both triplet pairing and singlet pairing of electrons are possible through magnon exchange depending upon whether the Debye cut off frequency of magnons is greater or lesser than the Hund's coupling (J) multiplied by average spin (S) per site. Taking into account the repulsive interaction due to the existence of paramagnons, we also find an expression for effective interaction potential between a pair of electrons with opposite spins. We apply the developed formalism in case of UGe{sub 2} and URhGe. The condition of singlet pairing is found to be fulfilled in these cases, as was previously envisaged by Suhl [Suhl, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 167007 (2001)]. We compute the critical temperatures of URhGe at ambient pressure and of UGe{sub 2} under different pressures for the first time through BCS equation. Thus, this work outlines a very simple way to evaluate critical temperature in case of a superconducting system. A close match with the available experimental results strongly supports our theoretical treatment.

Kar, Rakesh; Paul, Bikash Chandra [Department of Physics, University of North Bengal, Raja Rammohunpur, Darjeeling 734013, West Bengal (India); Goswami, Tamal; Misra, Anirban, E-mail: anirbanmisra@yahoo.com [Department of Chemistry, University of North Bengal, Raja Rammohunpur, Darjeeling 734013, West Bengal (India)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

QSO pairs {\\it across} Active galaxies: Evidence of Blueshifts?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several QSO pairs have been reported and their redshifts determined, where the two objects in each pair are located {\\it across} an active galaxy. The usually accepted explanation of such occurrences is that the pair is ejected from the active galaxy. Currebtly interpreted redshifted spectra for both the QSOs imply that both the objects are receding from the observer. However, ejection can occur towards and away from the observer with equal probability. We argue that for a system with two QSOs {\\it across} the parent galaxy, ejection should have occurred in opposite directions, whereby one object will be approaching us and the other will be receding from us. The former would be exhibiting a blueshifted spectrum. We analyse here a sample of four such pairs and show that the observed spectrum of one QSO in each pair can be interpreted as blueshifted. The other exhibits the ususal redshifted spectrum.A scenario based on the 'sling-shot' mechanism of ejection is presented to explain the ocurrences of the pairs in opposite sides of the active galaxies moving in opposite durections.

D. Basu

2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

123

Using Disorder to Study How Electrons Pair in Iron-Based Superconducto...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Using Disorder to Study How Electrons Pair in Iron-Based Superconductors Researchers introduced disorder to test electron pairing in iron-based superconductors and produced...

124

Polarization operator approach to pair creation in short laser pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Short-pulse effects are investigated for the nonlinear Breit-Wheeler process, i.e. the production of an electron-positron pair induced by a gamma photon inside an intense plane-wave laser pulse. To obtain the total pair-creation probability we verify (to leading-order) the cutting rule for the polarization operator in the realm of strong-field QED by an explicit calculation. Using a double-integral representation for the leading-order contribution to the polarization operator, compact expressions for the total pair-creation probability inside an arbitrary plane-wave background field are derived. Correspondingly, the photon wave function including leading-order radiative corrections in the laser field is obtained via the Schwinger-Dyson equation in the quasistatic approximation. Moreover, the influence of the carrier-envelope phase and of the laser pulse shape on the total pair-creation probability in a linearly polarized laser pulse is investigated, and the validity of the (local) constant-crossed field approximation analyzed. It is shown that with presently available technology pair-creation probabilities of the order of ten percent could be reached for a single gamma photon.

Sebastian Meuren; Karen Z. Hatsagortsyan; Christoph H. Keitel; Antonino Di Piazza

2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

125

Isovector pairing collective motion: Generator-coordinate-method approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Isovector pairing collective motion is treated by means of the generator coordinate method. In this scheme, the isospin and number projection is performed analytically by the recognition of symmetry properties in the generalized Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer wave functions. Among the results obtained, our generator-coordinate-method values of energy and spectroscopic amplitude are shown to be comparable to those of shell model calculations. This is indeed encouraging, especially in view of the fact that they were reached using a simple approximation. The great simplicity of the present method, as compared with earlier complicated versions, suggests that they might prove useful in the study of isovector pairing collective states which are strongly populated by pair transfer reactions in medium weight nuclei.

Kyotoku, M.; Chen, H.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Repulsive aspects of pairing correlation in nuclear fusion reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Numerical simulation on nuclear collisions are performed using the canonical-basis time-dependent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov theory (Cb-TDHFB) in the three-dimensional coordinate space. Comparing results of the Cb-TDHFB and the conventional time-dependent Hartree-Fock (TDHF) calculations, we study effects of the pairing correlation on fusion reaction of $^{22}$O+$^{22}$O, $^{52}$Ca+$^{52}$Ca, and $^{22}$O+$^{52}$Ca, using the Skyrme SkM$^*$ functional and a contact-type pairing energy functional. Although current results are yet preliminary, they may suggest that the pairing correlation could hinder the fusion probability at energies in the vicinity of the Coulomb barrier height. We also perform a calculation for heavier nuclei, $^{96}$Zn+$^{124}$Sn, which seems to suggest a similar hindrance effect.

Ebata, Shuichiro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Effect of pairing on transfer and fusion reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present contribution, the effect of pairing on nuclear transfer and fusion reactions close to the Coulomb barrier is discussed. A Time-Dependent Hartree-Fock + BCS (TDHF+BCS) microscopic theory has been developed to incorporate pairing. One- and two-particle transfer probabilities can be obtained showing the importance of pairing. The calculated transfer probabilities are compared to the recent experimental results obtained for the $^{96}$Zr+$^{40}$Ca. Reactions involving the $^{18}$O with lead isotopes are also presented, that are also of current experimental interest. Finally, a study of the fusion barrier height predicted with the TDHF+BCS theory is compared to the experimental values for the $^{40,44,48}$Ca+$^{40}$Ca reactions.

Guillaume Scamps; Denis Lacroix

2014-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

128

A pair of oscillators interacting with a common heat bath  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here the problem considered is that of a pair of oscillators coupled to a common heat bath. Many, if not most, discussions of a single operator coupled to a bath have used the independent oscillator model of the bath. However, that model has no notion of separation, so the question of phenomena when the oscillators are near one another compared with when they are widely separated cannot be addressed. Here the Lamb model of an oscillator attached to a stretched string is generalized to illustrate some of these questions. The coupled Langevin equations for a pair of oscillators attached to the string at different points are derived and their limits for large and small separations obtained. Finally, as an illustration of a different phenomenon, the fluctuation force between a pair of masses attached to the string is calculated, with closed form expressions for the force at small and large separations.

G. W. Ford; R. F. O'Connell

2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

129

Muon Bremsstrahlung and Muonic Pair Production in Air Showers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this work is to report on the modifications in air shower development due to muon bremsstrahlung and muonic pair production. In order to do that we have implemented new muon bremsstrahlung and muonic pair production procedures in the AIRES air shower simulation system, and have used it to simulate ultra high energy showers in different conditions. The influence of the mentioned processes in the global development of the air shower is important for primary particles of large zenith angles, while they do not introduce significant changes in the position of the shower maximum.

A. Cillis; S. J. Sciutto

2000-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

130

Pairing Gaps, Pseudogaps, and Phase Diagrams for Cuprate Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use a symmetry-constrained variational procedure to construct a generalization of BCS to include Cooper pairs with non-zero momentum and angular momentum. The resulting gap equations are solved at zero and finite temperature, and the doping-dependent solutions are used to construct gap and phase diagrams. We find a pseudogap terminating at a critical doping that may be interpreted in terms of both competing order and preformed pairs. The strong similarity between observation and predicted gap and phase structure suggests that this approach may provide a unified description of the complex structure observed for cuprate superconductors.

Yang Sun; Mike Guidry; Cheng-Li Wu

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

131

The effect of dimensional preference on paired-associate learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EFFECT OF DIMENSIONAL PREFERENCE ON PAIRED-ASSOCIATE LEARNING A Th sis by DAYID HENRY GILL Submitted to the Graduate Co'liege of Texas AIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MA TER OF SCIENCE August... 1970 Major Subject: Psychology THE EFFECT OF DIMENSIONAL PREFERENCE ON PAIRED-ASSOCIATE LEARNING A Thesis by DAVID HENRY GILL Approved as to style and content by: Chairman o Committee a Lo Member) of o pe t~ent Member August 1970 ADSTRACT...

Gill, David Henry

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Magnetic moments of T=3/2 mirror pairs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We predict values of the magnetic moments of T=3/2 proton-rich fp-shell nuclei in the mass range A=43-53, by using known values for their neutron-rich mirrors together with shell-model estimates for small quantities. We extend the analysis to those T=3/2 sd-shell mirror pairs for which both the T{sub z}=-3/2 and T{sub z}=+3/2 magnetic moments have been measured. We find that these obey the same linear relation as previously deduced for T=1/2 mirror pairs.

Perez, S. M. [Department of Physics, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); iThemba LABS, P. O. Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Richter, W. A. [Department of Physics, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535 (South Africa); Brown, B. A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, and National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1321 (United States); Horoi, M. [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan 48859 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

Landau-Zener Transitions in Frozen Pairs of Rydberg Atoms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have induced adiabatic transitions in pairs of frozen Rydberg sodium atoms of a supersonic beam. The diatomic ns+ns{yields}np+(n-1)p transition takes place in a time-dependent electric field and originates from the adiabatic change of the internal state of the pair induced by the dipole-dipole interaction. This is experimentally achieved by sweeping an electric field across the energy degeneracy ns ns-np(n-1)p. Our results fully agree with a two-level Landau-Zener model in the diatom system.

Saquet, Nicolas; Cournol, Anne; Beugnon, Jerome; Robert, Jacques; Pillet, Pierre; Vanhaecke, Nicolas [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Batiment 505, Universite Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay (France)

2010-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

134

Cylindrically confined pair-ion-electron and pair-ion plasmas having axial sheared flow and radial gradients  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The linear and nonlinear dynamics of pair-ion (PI) and pair-ion-electron plasmas (PIE) have been investigated in a cylindrical geometry with a sheared plasma flow along the axial direction having radial dependence. The coupled linear dispersion relation of low frequency electrostatic waves has been presented taking into account the Guassian profile of density and linear gradient of sheared flow. It is pointed out that the quasi-neutral cold inhomogeneous pure pair ion plasma supports only the obliquely propagating convective cell mode. The linear dispersion relation of this mode has been solved using boundary conditions. The nonlinear structures in the form of vortices formed by different waves have been discussed in PI and PIE plasmas.

Batool, Nazia; Saleem, H. [National Centre for Physics (NCP), Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, Islamabad (Pakistan)] [National Centre for Physics (NCP), Quaid-i-Azam University Campus, Islamabad (Pakistan)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

135

Improved Approximations for Fermion Pair Production in Inhomogeneous Electric Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reformulating the instantons in a complex plane for tunneling or transmitting states, we calculate the pair-production rate of charged fermions in a spatially localized electric field, illustrated by the Sauter electric field E_0 sech^2 (z/L), and in a temporally localized electric field such as E_0 sech^2 (t/T). The integration of the quadratic part of WKB instanton actions over the frequency and transverse momentum leads to the pair-production rate obtained by the worldline instanton method, including the prefactor, of Phys. Rev. D72, 105004 (2005) and D73, 065028 (2006). It is further shown that the WKB instanton action plus the next-to-leading order contribution in spinor QED equals the WKB instanton action in scalar QED, thus justifying why the WKB instanton in scalar QED can work for the pair production of fermions. Finally we obtain the pair-production rate in a spatially localized electric field together with a constant magnetic field in the same direction.

Sang Pyo Kim; Don N. Page

2007-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

136

Creation and pinning of vortex-antivortex pairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer modeling is reported about the creation and pinning of a magnetic vortex-antivortex (V-AV) pair in a superconducting thin film, due to the magnetic field of a vertical magnetic dipole above the film, and two antidot pins inside the film...

Kim, Sangbum; Hu, Chia-Ren; Andrews, Malcolm J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

ENERGY LEVEL SPECTROSCOPY OF A BOUND VORTEX-ANTIVORTEX PAIR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vortex- antivortex (VAV) state in an annular Josephson junction. The bound VAV pair is formed microwave spectroscopy. Keywords: Macroscopic quantum effects, long Josephson junctions, vortex­9]. Most of the studied systems, such as dc-biased Josephson junctions (JJ), supercon- ducting quantum

Wallraff, Andreas

138

Pair Production of Tau Sneutrinos at Linear Colliders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pair production of tau sneutrinos in $e^{+}e^{-}$ collisions and their subsequent decays are studied in a framework of the supersymmetric extension of the standard model. We present an analysis for the parameter space (BR vs. mass) which could be explored at the future high energy $e^{+}e^{-}$ colliders.

V. Ari; O. Cakir

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

139

List of things to bring: Notes Socks (5 pairs)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Light weight fast drying pants are preferable. Shorts (one pair) Swim suit t-shirts (3-4) long-sleeved shirts (1-2) warm sweater or lightweight coat We may experience nightitme temperatures of down toclose or two Pencils are for your field books (prefered to ink which runs in humid weather). Important #12

Lougheed, Stephen

140

Blind subpixel Point Spread Function estimation from scaled image pairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blind subpixel Point Spread Function estimation from scaled image pairs Mauricio Delbracio§ Andr, causing aliasing effects. This work introduces a blind algorithm for the subpixel estimation of the point shows that the proposed algorithm reaches the accuracy levels of the best non- blind state

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Radiative proton-antiproton annihilation to a lepton pair  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The annihilation of proton and antiproton to an electron-positron pair, including radiative corrections due to the emission of virtual and real photons is considered. The results are generalized to leading and next-to leading approximations. The relevant distributions are derived and numerical applications are given in the kinematical range accessible to the PANDA experiment at the FAIR facility.

Ahmadov, A. I. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Institute of Physics, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Baku (Azerbaijan); Bytev, V. V.; Kuraev, E. A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Tomasi-Gustafsson, E. [CEA, IRFU, SPhN, Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France, and CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucleaire, UMR 8608, 91405 Orsay (France)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

THE PAIR FRACTION OF MASSIVE GALAXIES AT 0 {<=} z {<=} 3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using a mass-selected (M{sub *} {>=} 10{sup 11} M{sub Sun }) sample of 198 galaxies at 0 {<=} z {<=} 3.0 with Hubble Space Telescope/NICMOS H{sub 160}-band images from the COSMOS survey, we find evidence for the evolution of the pair fraction above z {approx} 2, an epoch in which massive galaxies are believed to undergo significant structural and mass evolution. We observe that the pair fraction of massive galaxies is 0.15 {+-} 0.08 at 1.7 {<=}z {<=} 3.0, where galaxy pairs are defined as massive galaxies having a companion of flux ratio from 1:1 to 1:4 within a projected separation of 30 kpc. This is slightly lower but still consistent with the pair fraction measured previously in other studies, and the merger fraction predicted in halo-occupation modeling. The redshift evolution of the pair fraction is described by a power law F(z) = (0.07 {+-} 0.04) Multiplication-Sign (1 + z){sup 0.6{+-}0.5}. The merger rate is consistent with no redshift evolution; however it is difficult to constrain due to the limited sample size and the high uncertainties in the merging timescale. Based on the merger rate calculation, we estimate that a massive galaxy undergoes on average 1.1 {+-} 0.5 major mergers from z = 3 to 0. The observed merger fraction is sufficient to explain the number density evolution of massive galaxies, but insufficient to explain the size evolution. This is a hint that mechanism(s) other than major merging may be required to increase the sizes of the massive, compact quiescent galaxies from z {approx} 2 to 0.

Man, Allison W. S.; Toft, Sune; Zirm, Andrew W. [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen (Denmark); Wuyts, Stijn [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching bei Muenchen (Germany); Van der Wel, Arjen, E-mail: allison@dark-cosmology.dk, E-mail: sune@dark-cosmology.dk, E-mail: azirm@dark-cosmology.dk, E-mail: swuyts@mpe.mpg.de, E-mail: vdwel@mpia.de [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie, Heidelberg (Germany)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

143

Vector- and Scalar-Bilepton Pair Production in Hadron Colliders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the double-charged vector-bilepton pair production and double-charged scalar-bilepton pair production {\\it via} $p + p \\longrightarrow Y^{++} + Y^{--} + X$ and $p + p \\longrightarrow S_1^{++} + S_1^{--} + X$, where $Y$ and $S_1$ are vector and scalar bileptons respectively, in the framework of the minimal version of the 3-3-1 model. We compute the photon, $Z$, and $Z^\\prime$ s-channel contributions for the elementary process of bilepton scalar pair production, and to keep the correct unitarity behavior for the elementary $q \\bar q$ interaction, we include the exotic quark t-channel contribution in the vector-bilepton pair production calculation. We explore a mass range for $Z^\\prime$ and we fix the exotic quark mass within the experimental bounds. In this model, the vector-bilepton mass is directly related to $M_{Z^\\prime}$ and we consider scalar mass values around the vector-bilepton mass. We show that the total cross section for vector-bilepton production is 3 orders of magnitude larger than for scalar pair production for $\\sqrt s= 7$ TeV and 14 TeV and we obtain the number of events for the proposed LHC luminosities as a function of the bilepton mass. In addition we present some invariant mass and transverse momentum distributions. When comparing these distributions we observe quite different behavior providing the determination of the bilepton nature. We conclude that one can disentangle the production rates and that the LHC can be capable of detecting these predicted particles as a signal for new physics.

E. Ramirez Barreto; Y. A. Coutinho; J. Sá Borges

2011-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

144

Eigenstate Localization in an Asymmetric Coupled Quantum Well Pair  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical pumping of a type-I/type-II coupled asymmetric quantum well pair induces a spatially separated two dimensional charge carriers plasma in the well's wide and narrow parts. Treating the two coupled wells as a single system we find that the eigenstate probability distribution localizes exclusively either in the wide or the narrow parts of the well pair. The energy of the narrow-well localized state determines the minimal excitation energy for optically pumped charge carriers separation. In a previously used design [Guliamov et al., PRB 64 035314 (2001)] this narrow well transition energy was measured to correspond to a wavelength of 646 nm. We propose modifications to the design suggested earlier with the purpose of pushing up the energy required for the optical pumping of the two-dimensional plasma into the green and blue regions of the visible spectrum.

Mialitsin, A.; Schmult, S.; Solov'yov, I. A.; Fluegel, B.; Mascarenhas, A.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Pair production in counter-propagating laser beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on an analysis of a specific electron trajectory in counter-propagating beams, Bell & Kirk (PRL 101, 200403 (2008)) recently suggested that laboratory lasers may shortly be able to produce significant numbers of electron-positron pairs. We confirm their results using an improved treatment of nonlinear Compton scattering in the laser beams. Implementing an algorithm that integrates classical electron trajectories, we then examine a wide range of laser pulse shapes and polarizations. We find that counter-propagating, linearly polarized beams, with either aligned or crossed orientation, are likely to initiate a pair avalanche at intensities of approximately 10^{24} Watts/sq cm per beam. The same result is found by modelling one of the beams as a wave reflected at the surface of an overdense solid.

J. G. Kirk; A. R. Bell; I. Arka

2009-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

146

Interference of Cooper Pairs Emitted from Independent Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the interference in the two-particle distribution of the electrons emitted from two independent superconductors. It is clarified that, while the interference appearing in the antibunching correlation is due to the Hanbury Brown and Twiss effect, that in the positive correlation due to superconductivity is intrinsically different and is nothing but the first-order interference of Cooper pairs emitted from different sources. This is the equivalent of the interference of two independent Bose-Einstein condensates.

Mauro Iazzi; Kazuya Yuasa

2010-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

147

Double Pair Production by Ultra High Energy Cosmic Ray Photons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With use of CompHEP package we've made the detailed estimate of the influence of double e+e- pair production by photons (DPP) on the propagation of ultra high energy electromagnetic cascade. We show that in the models in which cosmic ray photons energy reaches few thousand EeV refined DPP analysis may lead to substantial difference in predicted photon spectrum compared to previous rough estimates.

S. V. Demidov; O. E. Kalashev

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

148

Top quark pair production cross section at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Top quark pair production cross section has been measured at the Tevatron by CDF and D0 collaborations using different channels and methods, in order to test standard model predictions, and to search for new physics hints affecting the t{bar t} production mechanism or decay. Measurements are carried out with an integrated luminosity of 1.0 to 2.0 fb{sup -1}, and are found to be consistent with standard model expectations.

Cortiana, Giorgio; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Fourier Transform Pairs The Fourier transform transforms a function of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fourier Transform Pairs The Fourier transform transforms a function of time, f(t), into a function of frequency, F(s): F {f(t)}(s) = F(s) = Z - f(t)e- j2st dt. The inverse Fourier transform transforms a func. The inverse Fourier transform of the Fourier trans- form is the identity transform: f(t) = Z - Z - f()e- j2s

Masci, Frank

150

Pair and Impar, Even and Odd Form Fields and Electromagnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper after reviewing the Schouten and de Rham definition of impair and pair differential form fields (not to be confused with differential form fields of even and odd grades) we prove that in a relativistic spacetime it is possible (despite claims in contrary) to coherently formulate electromagnetism (and we believe any other physical theory) using only pair form fields or, if one wishes, using pair and impair form fields together, in an appropriate way. Those two distinct descriptions involve only a mathematical choice and do not seem to lead to any observable physical consequence if due care is taken. Moreover, we show in details that a formulation of electromagnetic theory in the Clifford bundle formalism of differential forms where the two Maxwell equations of the so called free metric approach becomes a single equation is compatible with both formulations of electromagnetism just mentioned above. Moreover we derive directly from Maxwell equation the density of force (coupling of the electromagnetic field with the charge current) that is a postulate in the free metric approach to electromagnetism. We recall also a formulation of the engineering version of Maxwell equations using electric and magnetic fields as objects of the same nature, i.e., without using polar and axial vectors.

Roldao da Rocha; Waldyr A. Rodrigues Jr

2009-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

151

E-Print Network 3.0 - analytic sib-pair linkage Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

10:225-233 (1993) Improved Sib-Pair Linkage Test for Disease Susceptibility... statistic INTRODUCTION Sib-pair methods for detecting linkage are useful because they make no...

152

TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE OF THE THRESHOLD ENERGY FOR FRENKEL PAIR PRODUCTION IN COPPER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRENKEL PAIR PRODUCTION IN COPPER R. Drosd, T. Kosel, and J.FRENKEL PAIR PRODUCTION IN COPPER R. Drosd, T. Kosel and J.110) foils of high purity copper in the HVEM. At 575°K loops

Drosd, jR.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

E-Print Network 3.0 - atom-photon pair laser Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

photon pair laser Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atom-photon pair laser Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Observation of Entanglement of...

154

Molecular Hydrogen Formation from Proximal Glycol Pairs on TiO2...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Formation from Proximal Glycol Pairs on TiO2(110). Molecular Hydrogen Formation from Proximal Glycol Pairs on TiO2(110). Abstract: Understanding hydrogen formation on TiO2...

155

Possible diminution of impurity pair breaking for triplet pairing superconductivity in two-dimensional or quasi-two-dimensional, weakly localized, nearly magnetic systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a conjecture according to which, as a consequence of weak localization in two-dimensional, nearly magnetic itinerant paramagnets, the pair-breaking parameter due to normal impurity scattering, in triplet pairing superconductivity, may be reduced at low enough temperature. It might then, in principle, become easier to observe triplet pairing superconductivity in dirty two-dimensional or quasi-two-dimensional metals, than in three-dimensional ones; thus some recently observed puzzling superconductive behaviors should be reexamined.

Beal-Monod, M.T.; Ebisawa, H.; Fukuyama, H.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Cross sections and energy loss for lepton pair production in muon transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We reevaluate electron-positron pair production from electromagnetic interactions of muons in transit through materials. Our approach, through the use of structure functions for inelastic and elastic scattering and including hadronic recoil, make the formalism useful for tau pair production at high energies. Our results for electron-positron pair production agree well with prior evaluations. Tau pair production, has a significant contribution from inelastic scattering in addition to the usual coherent scattering with the nucleus and scattering with atomic electrons.

A. Bulmahn; M. H. Reno

2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

157

Radiative emission of neutrino pair free of quantum electrodynamic backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A scheme of quantum electrodynamic (QED) background-free radiative emission of neutrino pair (RENP) is proposed in order to achieve precision determination of neutrino properties so far not accessible. The important point for the background rejection is the fact that the dispersion relation between wave vector along propagating direction in wave guide (and in a photonic-crystal type fiber) and frequency is modified by a discretized non-vanishing effective mass. This effective mass acts as a cutoff of allowed frequencies, and one may select the RENP photon energy region free of all macro-coherently amplified QED processes by choosing the cutoff larger than the mass of neutrinos.

M. Yoshimura; N. Sasao; M. Tanaka

2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

158

Holographic Accelerated Heavy Quark-Anti-Quark Pair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem of a heavy quark-anti-quark pair which have constant eternal acceleration in opposite directions in the vacuum of deconfined maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory is studied both in perturbation theory and at strong coupling using AdS/CFT. Perturbation theory is summed to obtain what is conjectured to be an exact result. It is shown to agree with a particular prescription for computing the disc amplitude in the string theory dual and it yields a value $s=\\sqrt{\\lambda}$ for the entanglement entropy of the quark and anti-quark.

Veronika E. Hubeny; Gordon W. Semenoff

2014-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

159

Radiative emission of neutrino pair free of quantum electrodynamic backgrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A scheme of quantum electrodynamic (QED) background-free radiative emission of neutrino pair (RENP) is proposed in order to achieve precision determination of neutrino properties so far not accessible. The important point for the background rejection is the fact that the dispersion relation between wave vector along propagating direction in wave guide (and in a photonic-crystal type fiber) and frequency is modified by a discretized non-vanishing effective mass. This effective mass acts as a cutoff of allowed frequencies, and one may select the RENP photon energy region free of all macro-coherently amplified QED processes by choosing the cutoff larger than the mass of neutrinos.

Yoshimura, M; Tanaka, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Metal Absorption Systems in Spectra of Pairs of QSOs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first large sample of absorption systems in paired QSOs consisting of 691 absorption systems in the spectra of 310 QSOs including 170 pairings. All these absorption systems have metal lines, usually C IV or Mg II. We see 17 cases of absorption in one line-of-sight within 200 km/s (1 Mpc) of absorption in the paired line-of-sight with the probability at least approx 50% at 100kpc, declining rapidly to 23% at 100 - 200 kpc. We detect clustering on 0.5Mpc scales and see a hint of the "fingers of God" redshift-space distortion. The distribution matches absorbers arising in galaxies at z=2 with a normal correlation function and systematic infall velocities but unusually low random pair-wise velocity differences. Absorption in gas flowing out from galaxies at a mean velocity of 250 km/s would produce vastly more elongation than we see. The UV absorption from fast winds that Adelberger et al. 2005 see in spectra of LBGs is not representative of the absorption that we see. Either the winds are confined to LBGs, or they can not extend to 40 kpc with large velocities, while continuing to make UV absorption we see, implying most metals were in place in the IGM long before z=2. Separately, when we examine the absorption seen when a sight line passes a second QSO, we see 19 absorbers within 400 km/s of the partner QSO. The probability of seeing absorption is approximately constant for impact parameters 0.1 - 1.5 Mpc. Perhaps we do not see a rapid rise in the probability at small impact parameters because the UV from QSOs destroys some absorbers near to the QSOs. The 3D distribution of 64 absorbers around 313 QSOs is to first order isotropic, with just a hint of the anisotropy expected if the QSO UV emission is beamed, or alternatively QSOs might emit UV isotropically but for a surprisingly short time of only 0.3Myr.

David Tytler; Mark Gleed; Carl Melis; Angela Chapman; David Kirkman; Dan Lubin; Pascal Paschos; Tridivesh Jena; Arlin P. S. Crotts

2007-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

FINDING THE FIRST COSMIC EXPLOSIONS. I. PAIR-INSTABILITY SUPERNOVAE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first stars are the key to the formation of primitive galaxies, early cosmological reionization and chemical enrichment, and the origin of supermassive black holes. Unfortunately, in spite of their extreme luminosities, individual Population III (Pop III) stars will likely remain beyond the reach of direct observation for decades to come. However, their properties could be revealed by their supernova explosions, which may soon be detected by a new generation of near-IR (NIR) observatories such as JWST and WFIRST. We present light curves and spectra for Pop III pair-instability supernovae calculated with the Los Alamos radiation hydrodynamics code RAGE. Our numerical simulations account for the interaction of the blast with realistic circumstellar envelopes, the opacity of the envelope, and Lyman absorption by the neutral intergalactic medium at high redshift, all of which are crucial to computing the NIR signatures of the first cosmic explosions. We find that JWST will detect pair-instability supernovae out to z ?> 30, WFIRST will detect them in all-sky surveys out to z ? 15-20, and LSST and Pan-STARRS will find them at z ?< 7-8. The discovery of these ancient explosions will probe the first stellar populations and reveal the existence of primitive galaxies that might not otherwise have been detected.

Whalen, Daniel J.; Smidt, Joseph; Lovekin, C. C. [T-2, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Even, Wesley; Fryer, Chris L. [CCS-2, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Frey, Lucille H. [HPC-3, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Johnson, Jarrett L.; Hungerford, Aimee L. [XTD-6, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Stiavelli, Massimo [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Holz, Daniel E. [Enrico Fermi Institute, Department of Physics, and Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Heger, Alexander [Monash Centre for Astrophysics, Monash University, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Woosley, S. E. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, UCSC, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

162

Modeling the secular evolution of migrating planet pairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The subject of this paper is the secular behaviour of a pair of planets evolving under dissipative forces. In particular, we investigate the case when dissipative forces affect the planetary semi-major axes and the planets move inward/outward the central star, in a process known as planet migration. To perform this investigation, we introduce fundamental concepts of conservative and dissipative dynamics of the three-body problem. Based on these concepts, we develop a qualitative model of the secular evolution of the migrating planetary pair. Our approach is based on analysis of the energy and the orbital angular momentum exchange between the two-planet system and an external medium; thus no specific kind of dissipative forces is invoked. We show that, under assumption that dissipation is weak and slow, the evolutionary routes of the migrating planets are traced by the Mode I and Mode II stationary solutions of the conservative secular problem. The ultimate convergence and the evolution of the system along one...

Michtchenko, Tatiana A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Creation of Electron Spinless Pairs in the Superconductivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First, it is demonstrated that the Froolich Hamiltonian of system in the superconductivity, proposed by the model of a phonon gas and an electron gas mixture, contains a subtle error. In this respect, we present a correct form of the Froolich Hamiltonian of system where the term of the interaction between the phonon modes and the density modes of the electron modes is described by the term of scattering, introduced by the Froolich in a phonon gas electron gas mixture. The later is removed by a canonical transformation of the Froolich Hamiltonian by an appearance of the attractive interaction mediated via the electron modes, which leads to a bound state on a spinless electron pairs. In this letter, we show that the Cooper approximation as the constancy of the density states within around of the Fermi level has a flaw because the effective attractive forces cannot create the Cooper pairs into energetic gap at the Fermi level. In this letter, we find a condition for density metal which determines metal as superconductor.

V. N. Minasyan

2009-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

164

Search for pair production of second generation scalar leptoquarks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on a search for the pair production of second generation scalar leptoquarks (LQ) in p{bar p} collisions at the center of mass energy {radical}s = 1.96TeV using a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb{sup -1} collected with the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Topologies arising from the LQ{ovr LQ} {yields} {mu}q{nu}q and LQ{ovr LQ} {yields} {mu}q{mu}q decay modes are investigated. No excess of data over the standard model prediction is observed and upper limits on the leptoquark pair production cross section are derived at the 95% C.L. as a function of the leptoquark mass and the branching fraction {beta} for the decay LQ {yields} {mu}q. These are interpreted as lower limits on the leptoquark mass as a function of {beta}. For {beta} = 1 (0.5), scalar second generation leptoquarks with masses up to 316GeV (270GeV) are excluded.

Abazov, V.M.; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, B.; /Oklahoma U.; Abolins, M.; /Michigan State U.; Acharya, B.S.; /Tata Inst.; Adams, M.; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, T.; /Florida State U.; Aguilo, E.; /Alberta U. /Simon Fraser U. /York U., Canada /McGill U.; Ahsan, M.; /Kansas State U.; Alexeev, G.D.; /Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; /St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K.; /Michigan U. /Northeastern U.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Nonzero angular momentum pairing correlation in shell model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A simple approximation to shell model is proposed in which the low energy excitation spectra corresponds to the identical nucleons occupying the same single particle states where they preferred to form pairs for the ground states. We call this approximation as nonzero angular momentum pairing shell model. It not only reduces the dimensionality of the shell model but also matches the number of low energy levels in experimental spectra for few cases where exact shell model predicts many more states. The special focus has been done to consider the realistic interaction derived from free nucleon-nucleon scattering data to cope with the experimental spectra. The proposed approximation to shell model has been applied to calculate the energy spectra of O18 and Ni58 nuclei where only two neutrons occupy the valence states outside the core. When compared with the experimental data, the results are found to be encouraging. It is expected that results will be more pronounced if the even-even nuclei with higher number of valence nucleons are considered.

S. Haq; Y. Sadeq; I. M. Hamammu

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

166

Seems a Fate in It: Misdirection and Foreshadowing in Bleak House and A Pair of Blue Eyes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Action in A Pair of Blue Eyes. ” English Literature in2013). Hardy, Thomas. A Pair of Blue Eyes. Harmondsworth,aware of Thomas Hardy. A Pair of Blue Eyes. (Harmondsworth,

Bradfield, Meredith

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

State recovery and lockstep execution restart in a system with multiprocessor pairing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

System, method and computer program product for a multiprocessing system to offer selective pairing of processor cores for increased processing reliability. A selective pairing facility is provided that selectively connects, i.e., pairs, multiple microprocessor or processor cores to provide one highly reliable thread (or thread group). Each paired microprocessor or processor cores that provide one highly reliable thread for high-reliability connect with a system components such as a memory "nest" (or memory hierarchy), an optional system controller, and optional interrupt controller, optional I/O or peripheral devices, etc. The memory nest is attached to a selective pairing facility via a switch or a bus. Each selectively paired processor core is includes a transactional execution facility, whereing the system is configured to enable processor rollback to a previous state and reinitialize lockstep execution in order to recover from an incorrect execution when an incorrect execution has been detected by the selective pairing facility.

Gara, Alan; Gschwind, Michael K; Salapura, Valentina

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

168

Density and pair-density scaling for deriving the Euler equation in density-functional and pair-density-functional theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A link between density and pair density functional theories is presented. Density and pair density scaling are used to derive the Euler equation in both theories. Density scaling provides a constructive way of obtaining approximations for the Pauli potential. The Pauli potential (energy) of the density functional theory is expressed as the difference of the scaled and original exchange-correlation potentials (energies).

Nagy, A. [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Debrecen, H-4010 Debrecen (Hungary)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

169

Reduction in maximum time uncertainty of paired time signals  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Reduction in the maximum time uncertainty (t/sub max/ - t/sub min/) of a series of paired time signals t/sub 1/ and t/sub 2/ varying between two input terminals and representative of a series of single events where t/sub 1/ less than or equal to t/sub 2/ and t/sub 1/ + t/sub 2/ equals a constant, is carried out with a circuit utilizing a combination of OR and AND gates as signal selecting means and one or more time delays to increase the minimum value (t/sub min/) of the first signal t/sub 1/ closer to t/sub max/ and thereby reduce the difference. The circuit may utilize a plurality of stages to reduce the uncertainty by factors of 20 to 800.

Theodosiou, G.E.; Dawson, J.W.

1981-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

170

Enhanced superconducting pairing interaction in indium-doped tin telluride  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ferroelectric degenerate semiconductor Sn{sub 1-{delta}}Te exhibits superconductivity with critical temperatures, T{sub c}, of up to 0.3 K for hole densities of order 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3}. When doped on the tin site with greater than x{sub c} = 1.7(3)% indium atoms, however, superconductivity is observed up to 2 K, though the carrier density does not change significantly. We present specific heat data showing that a stronger pairing interaction is present for x > x{sub c} than for x < x{sub c}. By examining the effect of In dopant atoms on both T{sub c} and the temperature of the ferroelectric structural phase transition, T{sub SPT}, we show that phonon modes related to this transition are not responsible for this T{sub c} enhancement, and discuss a plausible candidate based on the unique properties of the indium impurities.

Erickson, A.S.

2010-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

171

Enhanced superconducting pairing interaction in indium-doped tin telluride  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ferroelectric degenerate semiconductor Sn{sub 1-{delta}}Te exhibits superconductivity with critical temperatures, T{sub c}, of up to 0.3 K for hole densities of order 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3}. When doped on the tin site with greater than x{sub c} = 1.7(3)% indium atoms, however, superconductivity is observed up to 2 K, though the carrier density does not change significantly. We present specific heat data showing that a stronger pairing interaction is present for x > x{sub c} than for x < x{sub c}. By examining the effect of In dopant atoms on both T{sub c} and the temperature of the ferroelectric structural phase transition, T{sub SPT}, we show that phonon modes related to this transition are not responsible for this T{sub c} enhancement, and discuss a plausible candidate based on the unique properties of the indium impurities.

Erickson, A.S.; Chu, J.-H.; /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.; Toney, M.F.; Geballe, T.H.; Fisher, I.R.; /SLAC, SSRL /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept. /Stanford U., Geballe Lab.

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

172

Valley pair qubits in double quantum dots of gapped graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rise of graphene opens a new door to qubit implementation, as discussed in the recent proposal of valley pair qubits in double quantum dots of gapped graphene (Wu et al., arXiv: 1104.0443 [cond-mat.mes-hall]). The work here presents the comprehensive theory underlying the proposal. It discusses the interaction of electrons with external magnetic and electric fields in such structures. Specifically, it examines a strong, unique mechanism, i.e., the analogue of the 1st-order relativistic effect in gapped graphene. This mechanism is state mixing free and allows, together with the electrically tunable exchange coupling, a fast, all-electric manipulation of qubits via electric gates, in the time scale of ns. The work also looks into the issue of fault tolerance in a typical case, yielding at 10oK a long qubit coherence time (~O(ms)).

G. Y. Wu; N. -Y. Lue; L. Chang

2011-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

173

Dynamically tunable Fano resonance in periodically asymmetric graphene nanodisk pair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a dynamically frequency tunable Fano resonance planar device composed of periodically asymmetric graphene nanodisk pair for the mid-infrared region. There are two kinds of modes in this structure, that is, the symmetric mode and the antisymmetric mode. The resonance coupling between the symmetric and antisymmetric modes creates a classical Fano resonance. Both of the Fano resonance amplitude and frequency of the structure can be dynamically controlled by varying the Fermi energy of graphene. Resonance transition in the structure is studied to reveal the physical mechanism behind the dynamically tunable Fano resonance. The features of the Fano resonant graphene nanostructures should have promising applications in tunable THz filters, switches, and modulators.

Zhang, Zhengren; Fan, Yuancheng; Yin, Pengfei; Zhang, Liwei; Shi, Xi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Photon-pair generation in nonlinear metal-dielectric 1D photonic structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear metal-dielectric layered structures are shown to be able to efficiently generate entangled photon pairs using spontaneous parametric down-conversion. Increase of electric-field amplitudes in these structures enhanced by the presence of metal layers is sufficient to compensate for losses inside thin metal layers. As an example, photon pairs emitted from a structure composed of alternating nonlinear dielectric GaN layers and metal Ag layers are analyzed in spectral, temporal as well as spatial domains. Also correlations and entanglement between two photons in a pair are determined. Very narrow photon-pair spectra together with strong directionality of photon-pair emission are observed making the photons suitable for photon-atom interactions. Highly enhanced electric-field amplitudes provide high photon-pair generation efficiencies.

Dalibor Jav?rek; Jan Pe?ina Jr.; Ji?í Svozilík

2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

175

Effective density dependent pairing forces in the T=1 and T=0 channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective density dependent pairing forces of zero range are adjusted on gap values in T=0,1 channels calculated with the Paris force in symmetric nuclear matter. General discussions on the pairing force are presented. In conjunction with the effective k-mass the nuclear pairing force seems to need very little renormalization in the T=1 channel. The situation in the T=0 channel is also discussed.

Garrido, E; Moya de Guerra, E; Schuck, P

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Natural orbits of atomic Cooper pairs in a nonuniform Fermi gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the basic mode structure of atomic Cooper pairs in an inhomogeneous Fermi gas. Based on the properties of Bogoliubov quasi-particle vacuum, the single particle density matrix and the anomalous density matrix share the same set of eigenfunctions. These eigenfunctions correspond to natural pairing orbits associated with the BCS ground state. We investigate these orbits for a Fermi gas in a spherical harmonic trap, and construct the wave function of a Cooper pair in the form of Schmidt decomposition. The issue of spatial quantum entanglement between constituent atoms in a pair is addressed.

Y. H. Pong; C. K. Law

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - affected sib-pair families Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

pairs into two diagnostic categories: "narrow" when both affected sibs had autism, and "broad... the distribution of affected ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de...

178

Dynamics of iron-acceptor-pair formation in co-doped silicon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pairing dynamics of interstitial iron and dopants in silicon co-doped with phosphorous and several acceptor types are presented. The classical picture of iron-acceptor pairing dynamics is expanded to include the thermalization of iron between different dopants. The thermalization is quantitatively described using Boltzmann statistics and different iron-acceptor binding energies. The proper understanding of the pairing dynamics of iron in co-doped silicon will provide additional information on the electronic properties of iron-acceptor pairs and may become an analytical method to quantify and differentiate acceptors in co-doped silicon.

Bartel, T.; Gibaja, F.; Graf, O.; Gross, D.; Kaes, M.; Heuer, M.; Kirscht, F. [Calisolar GmbH, Magnusstrasse 11, 12489 Berlin (Germany)] [Calisolar GmbH, Magnusstrasse 11, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Möller, C. [CiS Forschungsinstitut für Mikrosensorik und Photovoltaik GmbH, Konrad-Zuse-Str. 14, 99099 Erfurt (Germany) [CiS Forschungsinstitut für Mikrosensorik und Photovoltaik GmbH, Konrad-Zuse-Str. 14, 99099 Erfurt (Germany); TU Ilmenau, Institut für Physik, Weimarer Str. 32, 98693 Ilmenau (Germany); Lauer, K. [CiS Forschungsinstitut für Mikrosensorik und Photovoltaik GmbH, Konrad-Zuse-Str. 14, 99099 Erfurt (Germany)] [CiS Forschungsinstitut für Mikrosensorik und Photovoltaik GmbH, Konrad-Zuse-Str. 14, 99099 Erfurt (Germany)

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - adolescent twin pairs Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: adolescent twin pairs Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Genes, Brain and Behavior (2009) 8: 107113 2009 The Authors Journal compilation 2009 Blackwell...

180

Pair correlations in nuclei involved in neutrinoless double beta decay: 76Ge and 76Se  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Precision measurements were carried out to test the similarities between the ground states of 76Ge and 76Se. The extent to which these two nuclei can be characterized as consisting of correlated pairs of neutrons in a BCS-like ground state was studied. The pair removal (p,t) reaction was measured at the far forward angle of 3 degrees. The relative cross sections are consistent (at the 5% level) with the description of these nuclei in terms of a correlated pairing state outside the N=28 closed shells with no pairing vibrations. Data were also obtained for 74Ge and 78Se.

S. J. Freeman; J. P. Schiffer; A. C. C. Villari; J. A. Clark; C. Deibel; S. Gros; A. Heinz; D. Hirata; C. L. Jiang; B. P. Kay; A. Parikh; P. D. Parker; J. Qian; K. E. Rehm; X. D. Tang; V. Werner; C. Wrede

2007-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Final state interactions at the threshold of Higgs boson pair production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of final state interactions at the threshold of Higgs boson pair production in the Glashow-Weinberg-Salam model. We consider three major processes of the pair production in the model: lepton pair annihilation, ZZ fusion, and WW fusion. We find that the corrections caused by the effect for these processes are markedly different. According to our results, the effect can cause non-negligible corrections to the cross sections for lepton pair annihilation and small corrections for ZZ fusion, and this effect is negligible for WW fusion.

Zhang, Zhentao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

The Detectability of Pair-Production Supernovae at z < 6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonrotating, zero metallicity stars with initial masses 140 production supernovae (PPSNe), in which an electron-positron pair-production instability triggers explosive nuclear burning. Interest in such stars has been rekindled by recent theoretical studies that suggest primordial molecular clouds preferentially form stars with these masses. Since metal enrichment is a local process, the resulting PPSNe could occur over a broad range of redshifts, in pockets of metal-free gas. Using the implicit hydrodynamics code KEPLER, we have calculated a set of PPSN light curves that addresses the theoretical uncertainties and allows us to assess observational strategies for finding these objects at intermediate redshifts. The peak luminosities of typical PPSNe are only slightly greater than those of Type Ia, but they remain bright much longer (~ 1 year) and have hydrogen lines. Ongoing supernova searches may soon be able to limit the contribution of these very massive stars to < 1% of the total star formation rate density out to z=2 which already provides useful constraints for theoretical models. The planned Joint Dark Energy Mission satellite will be able to extend these limits out to z=6.

Evan Scannapieco; Piero Madau; Stan Woosley; Alexander Heger; Andrea Ferrara

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

183

Emission of Microwave Photon Pairs by a Tunnel Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation and control of non-classical electromagnetic fields is of crucial importance for quantum information physics. While usual methods for the production of such fields rely on a non-linearity (of a crystal, a Josephson junction, etc.), a recent experiment performed on a normal conductor, a tunnel junction under microwave irradiation, has unveiled an alternative: the use of electron shot noise in a quantum conductor\\cite{PAN_squeezing}. Here we show that such a device can emit \\emph{pairs of microwave photons} of different frequencies with a rate as high as that of superconducting Josephson junctions\\cite{Flurin}. This results in intensity fluctuations of the photon field at two different frequencies being correlated below the photon shot noise,i.e. two-mode amplitude squeezing. Our experiment constitutes a fundamental step towards the understanding of electronic noise in terms of quantum optics, and shows that even a normal conductor could be used as a resource for quantum information processing.

Jean-Charles Forgues; Christian Lupien; Bertrand Reulet

2014-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

184

MULTI-DIMENSIONAL SIMULATIONS OF ROTATING PAIR-INSTABILITY SUPERNOVAE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the effects of rotation on the dynamics, energetics, and {sup 56}Ni production of pair instability supernova (PISN) explosions by performing rotating two-dimensional ({sup 2}.5D{sup )} hydrodynamics simulations. We calculate the evolution of eight low-metallicity (Z = 10{sup –3}, 10{sup –4} Z{sub ?}) massive (135-245 M{sub ?}) PISN progenitors with initial surface rotational velocities of 50% of the critical Keplerian value using the stellar evolution code MESA. We allow for both the inclusion and the omission of the effects of magnetic fields in the angular momentum transport and in chemical mixing, resulting in slowly rotating and rapidly rotating final carbon-oxygen cores, respectively. Increased rotation for carbon-oxygen cores of the same mass and chemical stratification leads to less energetic PISN explosions that produce smaller amounts of {sup 56}Ni due to the effect of the angular momentum barrier that develops and slows the dynamical collapse. We find a non-monotonic dependence of {sup 56}Ni production on rotational velocity in situations when smoother composition gradients form at the outer edge of the rotating cores. In these cases, the PISN energetics are determined by the competition of two factors: the extent of chemical mixing in the outer layers of the core due to the effects of rotation in the progenitor evolution and the development of angular momentum support against collapse. Our 2.5D PISN simulations with rotation are the first presented in the literature. They reveal hydrodynamic instabilities in several regions of the exploding star and increased explosion asymmetries with higher core rotational velocity.

Chatzopoulos, E.; Wheeler, J. Craig [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Couch, Sean M., E-mail: manolis@astro.as.utexas.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Flash Center for Computational Science, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)

2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

185

Pair distribution function study on compression of liquid gallium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Integrating a hydrothermal diamond anvil cell (HDAC) and focused high energy x-ray beam from the superconductor wiggler X17 beamline at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), we have successfully collected high quality total x-ray scattering data of liquid gallium. The experiments were conducted at a pressure range from 0.1GPa up to 2GPa at ambient temperature. For the first time, pair distribution functions (PDF) for liquid gallium at high pressure were derived up to 10 {angstrom}. Liquid gallium structure has been studied by x-ray absorption (Di Cicco & Filipponi, 1993; Wei et al., 2000; Comez et al., 2001), x-ray diffraction studies (Waseda & Suzuki, 1972), and molecular dynamics simulation (Tsay, 1993; Hui et al., 2002). These previous reports have focused on the 1st nearest neighbor structure, which tells us little about the atomic arrangement outside the first shell in non- crystalline materials. This study focuses on the structure of liquid gallium and the atomic structure change due to compression. The PDF results show that the observed atomic distance of the first nearest neighbor at 2.78 {angstrom} (first G(r) peak and its shoulder at the higher Q position) is consistent with previous studies by x-ray absorption (2.76 {angstrom}, Comez et al., 2001). We have also observed that the first nearest neighbor peak position did not change with pressure increasing, while the farther peaks positions in the intermediate distance range decreased with pressure increasing. This leads to a conclusion of the possible existence of 'locally rigid units' in the liquid. With the addition of reverse Monte Carlo modeling, we have observed that the coordination number in the local rigit unit increases with pressure. The bulk modulus of liquid gallium derived from the volume compression curve at ambient temperature (300K) is 12.1(6) GPa.

Luo, Shengnian [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yu, Tony [SUNY-SB; Chen, Jiuhua [SUNY-SB; Ehm, Lars [SUNY-SB; Guo, Quanzhong [SUNY-SB; Parise, John [SUNY-SB

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

A CLUSTER PAIR: A3532 AND A3530  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a detailed study of a close pair of clusters of galaxies, A3532 and A3530, and their environments. The Chandra X-ray image of A3532 reveals the presence of substructures on scales of {approx}20'' in its core. XMM-Newton maps of the clusters show excess X-ray emission from an overlapping region between them. Spectrally determined projected temperature and entropy maps do not show any signs of cluster scale mergers either in the overlapping region or in any of the clusters. In A3532, however, some signs of the presence of galaxy scale mergers are visible, e.g., anisotropic temperature variations in the projected thermodynamic maps, a wide-angle-tailed (WAT) radio source in the brighter nucleus of its dumbbell brightest cluster galaxy, and a candidate X-ray cavity coincident with the northwestern extension of the WAT source in the low-frequency radio observations. The northwestern extension in A3532 seems either a part of the WAT or an unrelated diffuse source in A3532 or in the background. There is an indication that the cool core in A3532 has been disrupted by the central activity of the galactic nucleus. A reanalysis of the redshift data reinforces the close proximity of the clusters. The excess emission in the overlapping region appears to be a result of tidal interactions as the two clusters approach each other for the first time. However, we cannot rule out the possibility of the excess being due to the chance superposition of their X-ray halos.

Lakhchaura, Kiran; Singh, K. P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, 1 Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005 (India)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, 1 Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Saikia, D. J. [National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Pune University Campus, Pune 411 007 (India)] [National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Pune University Campus, Pune 411 007 (India); Hunstead, R. W., E-mail: kiran_astro@tifr.res.in [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

187

Methods and composition for the production of orthogonal tRNA-aminoacyltRNA synthetase pairs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides compositions and methods for generating components of protein biosynthetic machinery including orthogonal tRNAs, orthogonal aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, and orthogonal pairs of tRNAs/synthetases. Methods for identifying orthogonal pairs are also provided. These components can be used to incorporate unnatural amino acids into proteins in vivo.

Schultz, Peter G. (La Jolla, CA); Wang, Lei (San Diego, CA); Anderson, John Christopher (San Diego, CA); Chin, Jason (Cambridge, GB); Liu, David R. (Lexington, MA); Magliery, Thomas J. (North Haven, CT); Meggers, Eric L. (Philadelphia, PA); Mehl, Ryan Aaron (Lancaster, PA); Pastrnak, Miro (San Diego, CA); Santoro, Steven William (Cambridge, MA); Zhang, Zhiwen (San Diego, CA)

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

188

OPPENHEIM CONJECTURE FOR PAIRS CONSISTING OF A LINEAR FORM AND A QUADRATIC FORM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPPENHEIM CONJECTURE FOR PAIRS CONSISTING OF A LINEAR FORM AND A QUADRATIC of the Oppenheim conjecture, we prov* *e that the set {(Q(x), L(x)) : x 2 Zd} is dense in R2provided that Q; OPPENHEIM CONJECTURE FOR PAIRS 2 It is easy to see that the second condition

Gorodnik, Alexander

189

Multiple paternity in Asclepias syriaca using a paired-fruit analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiple paternity in Asclepias syriaca using a paired-fruit analysis Julie J. Gold and Joel S. Shore Introduction Abstract: We investigated the extent of multiple paternity within and between fruits within fruits. When pairs of fruits obtained from individual ramets were analyzed in a similar manner

Shore, Joel S.

190

Monte Carlo calculations of pair production in high-intensity laser-plasma interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma-ray and electron-positron pair production will figure prominently in laser-plasma experiments with next generation lasers. Using a Monte Carlo approach we show that straggling effects arising from the finite recoil an electron experiences when it emits a high energy photon, increase the number of pairs produced on further interaction with the laser fields.

Roland Duclous; John Kirk; Anthony Bell

2010-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

191

K.K. Gan IPRD06 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A or more What is rise/fall time after irradiation? What is optical power after irradiation? What currentK.K. Gan IPRD06 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables and Fusion Spliced SIMM-GRIN Fibers Introduction Bandwidth of micro twisted-pair cables Bandwidth of fusion spliced SIMM-GRIN fibers Radiation

Gan, K. K.

192

Nuclear Physics A 781 (2007) 317341 Symmetry energies, pairing energies, and mass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Physics A 781 (2007) 317­341 Symmetry energies, pairing energies, and mass equations J of the respective mass equation since symmetry energies are related to the curvature of the nuclear mass surface and pairing energies of atomic nuclei are related to the differences between the excitation energies

O'Donnell, Tom

193

A Paired-Vehicle Recourse Strategy for the Vehicle Routing Problem with Stochastic Demands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Paired-Vehicle Recourse Strategy for the Vehicle Routing Problem with Stochastic Demands Aykagan Institute of Technology Abstract This paper presents a paired-vehicle recourse strategy for the vehicle vehicles is dispatched from a terminal to serve single-period customer demands which are known

Erera, Alan

194

Resonance tunneling of cooper pairs in a superconductor-polymer-superconductor josephson junction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is shown that the superconducting current flowing though a polymer in a superconductor-polymer-superconductor Josephson structure is due to resonant tunneling of Cooper pairs. The critical current and the thickness of the polymer in which the superconducting current is observed depend on the coherence length of a Cooper pair in the superconductor contacting the polymer.

Ionov, A. I., E-mail: ionov@tuch.ioffe.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

195

3D Relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov model with a separable pairing interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recently introduced separable pairing force for relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov (RHB) calculations, adjusted in nuclear matter to the pairing gap of the Gogny force, is employed in the 3D RHB model for triaxial shapes. The pairing force is separable in momentum space but, when transformed to coordinate space in calculations of finite nuclei, it is no longer separable because of translational invariance. The corresponding pairing matrix elements are represented as a sum of a finite number of separable terms in the basis of a 3D harmonic oscillator. The 3D RHB model is applied to the calculation of binding energy surfaces and pairing energy maps for a sequence of even-A Sm isotopes.

T. Niksic; D. Vretenar; Y. Tian; Z. Y. Ma; P. Ring

2009-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

196

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT_CODE","PORT_CITY  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECS Survey Data 2010Feet) Year Jan

197

Geometric Origin of Pair Production by Electric Field in de Sitter Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The particle production in a de Sitter space provides an interesting model to understand the curvature effect on Schwinger pair production by a constant electric field or Schwinger mechanism on the de Sitter radiation. For that purpose, we employ the recently introduced complex analysis method, in which the quantum evolution in the complex time explains the pair production via the geometric transition amplitude and gives the pair-production rate as the contour integral. We compare the result by the contour integral with that of the phase-integral method.

Sang Pyo Kim

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

Competing Pairing Symmetries in a Generalized Two-Orbital Model for the Pnictide Superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We introduce and study an extended t-U-J two-orbital model for the pnictides that includes Heisenberg terms deduced from the strong coupling expansion. Including these J terms explicitly allows us to enhance the strength of the %;0 - 0;% spin order which favors the presence of tightly bound pairing states even in the small clusters that are here exactly diagonalized. The A1g and B2g pairing symmetries are found to compete in the realistic spin-ordered and metallic regime. The dynamical pairing susceptibility additionally unveils low-lying B1g states, suggesting that small changes in parameters may render any of the three channels stable.

Nicholson, Andrew D [ORNL; Ge, Weihao [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Zhang, Xiaotian [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Riera, J. A. [Universidad Nacional de Rosario; Daghofer, M. [IFW Dresden; Olés, Andrzej M. [Max-Planck-Institut fur Feskorperforschung, Stuttgart, Germany; Martins, G. B. [Oakland University, Rochester, MI; Moreo, Adriana [ORNL; Dagotto, Elbio R [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Superconductivity of a system with quasilocalized pairs taking account of inequivalence of sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superconductivity due to quasilocalized pairs (centers with a negative Hubbard energy U) is studied in the situation when the sites are not completely equivalent (for example, solid solutions). The problem is solved using the BCS theory in the molecular field approximation. The dependences of T/sub c/ and ..delta.. on the scatter of the site energies and on the ratio of the densities of electron pairs and sites are obtained. The highest T/sub c/ is obtained when the density of pairs is half the site density and the scatter of the site energies is least.

Moizhes, B.Y.; Suprun, S.G.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Pairing states of superfluid {sup 3}He in uniaxially anisotropic aerogel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stable pairing states of superfluid {sup 3}He in aerogel are examined in the case with a global uniaxial anisotropy which may be created by applying a uniaxial stress to the aerogel. Due to such a global anisotropy, the stability region of an Anderson-Brinkman-Morel (ABM) pairing state becomes wider. In a uniaxially stretched aerogel, the pure polar pairing state with a horizontal line node is predicted to occur, as a three-dimensional superfluid phase, over a measurable width just below the superfluid transition at T{sub c}(P). A possible relevance of the present results to the case with no global anisotropy is also discussed.

Aoyama, Kazushi; Ikeda, Ryusuke [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Nucleon and nucleon-pair momentum distributions in A?12 nuclei  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We report variational Monte Carlo calculations of single-nucleon momentum distributions for A?12 nuclei and nucleon-pair and nucleon-cluster momentum distributions for A?8. The wave functions have been generated for a Hamiltonian containing the Argonne ?18 two-nucleon and Urbana X three-nucleon potentials. The single-nucleon and nucleon-pair momentum distributions exhibit universal features attributable to the one-pion-exchange tensor interaction The single-nucleon distributions are broken down into proton and neutron components and spin-up and spin-down components where appropriate. The nucleon-pair momentum distributions are given separately for pp and pn pairs. The nucleon-cluster momentum distributions include dp in 3He, tp and dd in S4He, ?d in 6Li,?t in 7Li, and ?? in 8Be. Detailed tables are provided on-line for download.

Wiringa, Robert B. [ANL; Schiavilla, Rocco [ODU, JLAB; Pieper, Steven C. [ANL; Carlson, Joseph A. [LANL

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Pairing preferences of the model mono-valence mono-atomic ions investigated by molecular simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We carried out a series of potential of mean force calculations to study the pairing preferences of a series of model mono-atomic 1:1 ions with evenly varied sizes. The probabilities of forming the contact ion pair (CIP) and the single water separate ion pair (SIP) were presented in the two-dimensional plots with respect to the ion sizes. The pairing preferences reflected in these plots largely agree with the empirical rule of matching ion sizes in the small and big size regions. In the region that the ion sizes are close to the size of the water molecule; however, a significant deviation from this conventional rule is observed. Our further analysis indicated that this deviation originates from the competition between CIP and the water bridging SIP state. The competition is mainly an enthalpy modulated phenomenon in which the existing of the water bridging plays a significant role.

Zhang, Qiang [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, Liaoning (China) [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, Liaoning (China); Department of Chemistry, Bohai University, Jinzhou 121000 (China); Zhang, Ruiting; Zhao, Ying; Li, HuanHuan; Zhuang, Wei, E-mail: wzhuang@dicp.ac.cn, E-mail: gaoyq@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, Liaoning (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, Liaoning (China); Gao, Yi Qin, E-mail: wzhuang@dicp.ac.cn, E-mail: gaoyq@pku.edu.cn [College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

203

E-Print Network 3.0 - anionic ion-pairing reagent Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Role of HMPA Summary: structure of the lithium reagent, where contact ion pairs (CIP) with an intact C-Li association give 1... ,3 Bryson3b and Cohen3a have proposed that...

204

Optical AND and NOT gates at 40 Gbps using electro-absorption modulator/photodiode pairs.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate an optical gate architecture using electro-absorption modulator/photodiode pairs to perform AND and NOT functions. Optical bandwidth for both gates reach 40 GHz. Also shown are AND gate waveforms at 40 Gbps.

Tauke-Pedretti, Anna; Overberg, Mark E.; Skogen, Erik J.; Alford, Charles Fred; Sullivan, Charles Thomas; Vawter, Gregory Allen; Peake, Gregory Merwin; Torres, David L.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Production of meson pairs, involving tensor and pseudotensor mesons, in photon-photon collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Starting from a bound-state model of weakly bound quarks for ($q \\bar{q}$) mesons, we derive a formalism for computing the production or decay of such mesons, whatever the value of their internal orbital angular momentum L. That formalism appears as a natural generalization of the Brodsky-Lepage model (valid only for L=0) that has been widely used in recent years for the computation of exclusive processes in perturbative QCD. We here apply it to the production, in photon-photon collisions, of: i) tensor-meson pairs; ii) pseudotensor-meson pairs; iii) hybrid pairs made of a pion and a pseudotensor meson. The numerical results we obtain allow for some hope of experimentally identifying such pairs, in the charged channels, at high-energy e^+e^- colliders of the next generation, provided integrated luminosities as high as

Houra-Yaou, L; Parisi, J; Murgia, F; Hansson, J

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Molecular Recognition of Alkylammonium Contact Ion-Pairs Using a Ditopic Receptor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-propylammonium chloride is at least 2 orders of magnitude greater than that for n-propylammonium acetate, n-pairs (Chart 1).10 Here, we report that 1 can also bind monoalkylammo- nium salts as contact ion

Smith, Bradley D.

207

Plasmon decay to a neutrino pair via neutrino electromagnetic moments in a strongly magnetized medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the neutrino luminosity of a degenerate electron gas in a strong magnetic field via plasmon decay to a neutrino pair due to neutrino electromagnetic moments and obtain the relative upper bounds on the effective neutrino magnetic moment.

A. V. Borisov; P. E. Sizin

2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

208

Interactions in 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium tetracyanoborate ion pair: Spectroscopic and density functional study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Density Functional Theory is used to investigate a weakly coordinating room-temperature ionic liquid, 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium tetracyanoborate ([Emim]{sup +}[TCB]{sup -}). Four locally stable conformers of the ion pair were located. Atoms-in-molecules (AIM) and electron density analysis indicated the existence of several hydrogen bonds. Further investigation through the Natural Bond Orbital (NBO) and Natural Energy Decomposition Analysis (NEDA) calculations provided insight into the origin of interactions in the [Emim]{sup +}[TCB]{sup -} ion pair. Strength of molecular interactions in the ionic liquid was correlated with frequency shifts of the characteristic vibrations of the ion pair. Harmonic vibrations of the ion pair were also compared with the experimental Raman and Infrared spectra. Vibrational frequencies were assigned by visualizing displacements of atoms around their equilibrium positions and through Potential Energy Distribution (PED) analysis.

Mao, James X.; Lee, Anita S.; Kitchin, John R.; Nulwala, Hunaid B; Luebke, David R.; Damodaran, Krishnan

2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

209

Search for neutral MSSM Higgs bosons decaying to a pair of tau leptons in pp collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for neutral Higgs bosons in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM) decaying to tau-lepton pairs in pp collisions is performed, using events recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The ...

CMS Collaboration

210

Parallel Assembly of Large Genomes from Paired Short Reads (2010 JGI/ANL HPC Workshop)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Srinivas Aluru from Iowa State University gives a presentation on "Parallel Assembly of Large Genomes from Paired Short Reads" at the JGI/Argonne HPC Workshop on January 25, 2010.

Aluru, Srinivas [Iowa State University

2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

211

Calculation of the entropy of binary hard sphere mixtures from pair correlation functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We evaluate the entropy of several binary hard sphere fluid mixtures using two approximate expressions that require as input only the pair correlation functions,g ??(r). An approximation based on the incompressible limit ...

Laird, Brian Bostian; Haymet, A. D. J.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

First Measurement of the Charge Asymmetry in Beauty-Quark Pair Production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The difference in the angular distributions between beauty quarks and antiquarks, referred to as the charge asymmetry, is measured for the first time in b[bar over b] pair production at a hadron collider. The data used ...

Counts, Ian Thomas Hunt

213

On existence of solitary waves in unmagnetized neutral hot pair plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Whether the solitary waves exist in unmagnetized neutral hot pair plasma is considered. It is found that for small electrons and positrons longitudinal momentum the solitary waves do not exist under the quasi-static approximation.

Xie, Bai-Song; Li, Zi-Liang; Lu, Ding; Sang, Hai-Bo [Key Laboratory of Beam Technology and Materials Modification of the Ministry of Education, and College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Beam Technology and Materials Modification of the Ministry of Education, and College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

214

Pair correlations in the neutrinoless double-{beta} decay candidate {sup 130}Te  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pair correlations in the ground state of {sup 130}Te have been investigated using pair-transfer experiments to explore the validity of approximations in calculating the matrix element for neutrinoless double-{beta} decay. This nucleus is a candidate for the observation of such decay, and a good understanding of its structure is crucial for eventual calculations of the neutrino mass, should such a decay indeed be observed. For proton-pair adding, strong transitions to excited 0{sup +} states had been observed in the Te isotopes by Alford et al. [Nucl. Phys. A 323, 339 (1979)], indicating a breaking of the BCS approximation for protons in the ground state. We measured the neutron-pair removing (p,t) reaction on {sup 130}Te and found no indication of a corresponding splitting of the BCS nature of the ground state for neutrons.

Bloxham, T.; Freedman, S. J. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Kay, B. P.; Schiffer, J. P.; Clark, J. A. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Deibel, C. M. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48825 (United States); Freeman, S. J.; Howard, A. M.; McAllister, S. A.; Sharp, D. K.; Thomas, J. S. [Schuster Laboratory, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Parker, P. D. [A. W. Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

Pair correlations in neutrinoless double {beta} decay candidate {sup 130}Te.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pair correlations in the ground state of {sup 130}Te have been investigated using pair-transfer experiments to explore the validity of approximations in calculating the matrix element for neutrinoless double-{beta} decay. This nucleus is a candidate for the observation of such decay, and a good understanding of its structure is crucial for eventual calculations of the neutrino mass, should such a decay indeed be observed. For proton-pair adding, strong transitions to excited 0{sup +} states had been observed in the Te isotopes by Alford et al. [Nucl. Phys. A 323, 339 (1979)], indicating a breaking of the BCS approximation for protons in the ground state. We measured the neutron-pair removing (p,t) reaction on {sup 130}Te and found no indication of a corresponding splitting of the BCS nature of the ground state for neutrons.

Bloxham, T.; Kay, B. P.; Schiffer, J. P.; Clark, J. A.; Deibel, C. M.; Freeman, S. J.; Freedman, S. J.; Howard, A. M.; McAllister, S. A.; Parker, P. D.; Sharp, D. K.; Thomas, J. S. (Physics); ( PSC-USR); (LBNL); (Michigan State Univ.); (Univ. of Manchester); (Yale Univ.)

2010-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

216

WHEN A PAIR of nuclear-powered Russian submarines was reported patrolling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WHEN A PAIR of nuclear-powered Russian submarines was reported patrolling off the eastern seaboard as "explaining-away." Although several algorithms were later developed to perform Bayesian updating in general

California at Los Angeles, University of

217

Thesis for the Degree of Licentiate of Philosophy TwoLocus Affected SibPair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thesis for the Degree of Licentiate of Philosophy Two­Locus Affected Sib­Pair Identity By Descent­time arrangement. This licentiate thesis has been financially supported by the National Network in Applied

Patriksson, Michael

218

Study of nuclear pairing with Configuration-Space Monte-Carlo approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pairing correlations in nuclei play a decisive role in determining nuclear drip-lines, binding energies, and many collective properties. In this work a new Configuration-Space Monte-Carlo (CSMC) method for treating nuclear pairing correlations is developed, implemented, and demonstrated. In CSMC the Hamiltonian matrix is stochastically generated in Krylov subspace, resulting in the Monte-Carlo version of Lanczos-like diagonalization. The advantages of this approach over other techniques are discussed; the absence of the fermionic sign problem, probabilistic interpretation of quantum-mechanical amplitudes, and ability to handle truly large-scale problems with defined precision and error control, are noteworthy merits of CSMC. The features of our CSMC approach are shown using models and realistic examples. Special attention is given to difficult limits: situations with non-constant pairing strengths, cases with nearly degenerate excited states, limits when pairing correlations in finite systems are weak, and pr...

Lingle, Mark

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Short-term irradiance variability: Preliminary estimation of station pair correlation as a function of distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review Short-term irradiance variability: Preliminary estimation of station pair correlation, 2010; SMUD, 2010; IEA, 2010). In a recently published article, Hoff and Perez (2010a,b) advanced

220

Pairing of valence electrons as necessary condition for energy minimization in a crystal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pairing of valence electrons can lead to energy minimization of a crystal. It can be proved by use of representation of the valence electrons as plane waves in periodic potential of the crystal.

Dolgopolov Stanislav Olegovich

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

INTRODUCTION Meiosis is the specialized pair of cell divisions that normally  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(FISH) were used to localize a single pair of homologs in diploid nuclei of a chromosome-addition line of FISH signals. Using a triple labeling scheme for simultaneous imaging of chromatin, telomeres Hank W. Bass1,2,*, Osc

Bass, Hank W.

222

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 86, 195103 (2012) Dynamics of doublon-holon pairs in Hubbard two-leg ladders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 86, 195103 (2012) Dynamics of doublon-holon pairs in Hubbard two-leg ladders Luis of holon-doublon pairs is studied in Hubbard two-leg ladders using the time-dependent density matrix of a doublon-holon pair. Two distinct regimes are identified. For weak interleg coupling, the results

Dias, Luis Gregório

223

Electron-Positron Pair Production in Space- or Time-Dependent Electric Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Treating the production of electron and positron pairs by a strong electric field from the vacuum as a quantum tunneling process we derive, in semiclassical approximation, a general expression for the pair production rate in a $z$-dependent electric field $E(z)$ pointing in the $z$-direction. We also allow for a smoothly varying magnetic field parallel to $E(z)$. The result is applied to a confined field $E(z)\

Hagen Kleinert; Remo Ruffini; She-Sheng Xue

2008-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

224

A 500 kpc HI Tail of the Virgo Pair NGC4532/DDO137 Detected by ALFALFA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HI observations of the Virgo Cluster pair NGC 4532/DDO 137, conducted as part of the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA Survey (ALFALFA), reveal an HI feature extending ~500 kpc to the southwest. The structure has a total mass of up to 7 x 10^8 solar masses, equivalent to 10% of the pair HI mass. Optical R imaging reveals no counterparts to a level of 26.5 magnitudes per square arcsec. The structure is likely the result of galaxy harassment.

Rebecca A. Koopmann

2007-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

225

A 500 kpc HI Tail of the Virgo Pair NGC4532/DDO137 Detected by ALFALFA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HI observations of the Virgo Cluster pair NGC 4532/DDO 137, conducted as part of the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA Survey (ALFALFA), reveal an HI feature extending ~500 kpc to the southwest. The structure has a total mass of up to 7 x 10^8 solar masses, equivalent to 10% of the pair HI mass. Optical R imaging reveals no counterparts to a level of 26.5 magnitudes per square arcsec. The structure is likely the result of galaxy harassment.

Koopmann, Rebecca A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

K.K. Gan IWORID-8 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-V Characteristics very good optical power candidate for irradiation study Optowell TP85-LCP0N 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2K.K. Gan IWORID-8 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables and Fusion Spliced SIMM-GRIN Fibers Bandwidth of micro twisted-pair cables Bandwidth of fusion spliced SIMM-GRIN fibers Measurement of VCSEL

Gan, K. K.

227

Energy Levels of Odd-Odd nuclei Using Broken Pair Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simple methods in the frame work of the broken pair model have been worked out for odd-odd nuclei. The reliability of the model has been tested by reproducing the shell model results of limiting cases in which the broken pair model exactly coincides with the shell model. The model is then applied to calculate the energy levels of some nuclei in the Zirconium region. The model results compare reasonably well with the shell model as well as with the experimental data.

I. M. Hamammu; S. Haq; J. M. Eldahomi

2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

228

Weak-localization, near-magnetism, and triplet-pairing superconductivity in three dimensions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In three-dimensional nearly magnetic Fermi liquids, disorder due to impurity scattering is shown to enhance the paramagnon strength and to weaken the triplet superconductivity pair-breaking parameter (through weak-localization quantum effects). As a result (a) ''heavy fermion'' superconductors are good candidates to exhibit triplet pairing and (b) normal liquid /sup 3/He can be considered as both nearly magnetic and nearly localized.

Beal-Monod, M.T.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Electron-positron pair oscillation in spatially inhomogeneous electric fields and radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is known that strong electric fields produce electron and positron pairs from the vacuum, and due to the back-reaction these pairs oscillate back and forth coherently with the alternating electric fields in time. We study this phenomenon in spatially inhomogeneous and bound electric fields by integrating the equations of energymomentum and particle-number conservations and Maxwell equations. The space and time evolutions of the pair-induced electric field, electric charge- and currentdensities are calculated. The results show that non-vanishing electric charge-density and the propagation of pair-induced electric fields, differently from the case of homogeneous and unbound electric fields. The space and time variations of pair-induced electric charges and currents emit an electromagnetic radiation. We obtain the narrow spectrum and intensity of this radiation, whose peak {\\omega}peak locates in the region around 4 KeV for electric field strength \\sim Ec. We discuss their relevances to both the laboratory experiments for electron and positron pair-productions and the astrophysical observations of compact stars with an electromagnetic structure.

Wen-Biao Han; Remo Ruffini; She-Sheng Xue

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

230

Parity mixing of pair at nuclear surface due to spin-orbit potential in $^{18}$F  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the structure of $^{18}$F with the microscopic wave function based on the three-body $^{16}$O+$p$+$n$ model. In the calculation of the generator coordinate method (GCM) of the three-body model, $T=0$ energy spectra of $J^\\pi=1^+$, $3^+$, and $5^+$ states and $T=1$ spectra of $J^\\pi=0^+$, $2^+$ states in $^{18}$F are described reasonably. Based on the dinucleon picture, the effect of the spin-orbit force on the $T=0$ and $T=1$ $pn$ pairs around the $^{16}$O core is discussed. The $T=1$ pair in the $J^\\pi=0^+$ state gains the spin-orbit potential energy involving the odd-parity mixing in the pair. The spin-orbit potential energy gain with the parity mixing is not so efficient for the $T=0$ pair in the $J^\\pi=1^+$ state. The parity mixing in the pair is regarded as the internal symmetry breaking of the pair in the spin-orbit potential at the nuclear surface.

Yoshiko Kanada-En'yo; Fumiharu Kobayashi

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Optical Flashes from Internal Pairs Formed in Gamma-Ray Burst Afterglows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a numerical formalism for calculating the distribution with energy of the (internal) pairs formed in a relativistic source from unscattered MeV--TeV photons. For GRB afterglows, this formalism is more suitable if the relativistic reverse-shock that energizes the ejecta is the source of the GeV photons. The number of pairs formed is set by the source GeV output (calculated from the Fermi-LAT fluence), the unknown source Lorentz factor, and the unmeasured peak energy of the LAT spectral component. We show synchrotron and inverse-Compton light-curves expected from pairs formed in the shocked medium and identify some criteria for testing a pair origin of GRB optical counterparts. Pairs formed in bright LAT afterglows with a Lorentz factor in the few hundreds may produce bright optical counterparts (R < 10) lasting for up to one hundred seconds. The number of internal pairs formed from unscattered seed photons decreases very strongly with the source Lorentz factor, thus bright GRB optical counterpart...

Panaitescu, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Possible Effects of Pair Echoes on Gamma-Ray Burst Afterglow Emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-energy emission from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is widely expected but had been sparsely observed until recently when the Fermi satellite was launched. If >TeV gamma rays are produced in GRBs and can escape from the emission region, they are attenuated by the cosmic infrared background photons, leading to regeneration of GeV-TeV secondary photons via inverse-Compton scattering. This secondary emission can last for a longer time than the duration of GRBs, and it is called a pair echo. We investigate how this pair echo emission affects spectra and light curves of high energy afterglows, considering not only prompt emission but also afterglow as the primary emission. Detection of pair echoes is possible as long as the intergalactic magnetic field (IGMF) in voids is weak. We find (1) that the pair echo from the primary afterglow emission can affect the observed high-energy emission in the afterglow phase after the jet break, and (2) that the pair echo from the primary prompt emission can also be relevant, but only when significant energy is emitted in the TeV range, typically E_{gamma, >0.1 TeV} > (Y/(1+Y)) epsilon_e E_k. Even non-detections of the pair echoes could place interesting constraints on the strength of IGMF. The more favorable targets to detect pair echoes may be the "naked" GRBs without conventional afterglow emission, although energetic naked GRBs would be rare. If the IGMF is weak enough, it is predicted that the GeV emission extends to >30-300 s.

Kohta Murase; Bing Zhang; Keitaro Takahashi; Shigehiro Nagataki

2009-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

233

Hole pairing from attraction of opposite chirality spin vortices: Non-BCS superconductivity in Underdoped Cuprates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within a gauge approach to the t-J model, we propose a new, non-BCS mechanism of superconductivity for underdoped cuprates. We implement the no-double occupancy constraint with a (semionic) slave-particle formalism. The dopant generates a vortex-like quantum distortion of the AF background centered on the empty sites, with opposite chirality for cores on the two N\\'eel sublattices. Empty sites are described in terms of spinless fermionic holons and the long-range attraction between spin vortices on two opposite N\\'eel sublattices is the holon pairing force, leading eventually to SC. The spin fluctuations are described by bosonic spinons with a gap generated by scattering on spin vortices. Due to the occupation constraint, there is a gauge attraction between holon and spinon, binding them into a physical hole. Through gauge interaction the spin vortex attraction induces the formation of spin-singlet RVB pairs reducing the spinon gap. Lowering T, there are two crossovers as precursors of the SC transition: at the higher one a gas of holon pairs appears, reducing the hole spectral weight, while at the lower one a gas of spinon pairs also appears, giving rise to a gas of incoherent preformed hole pairs with magnetic vortices in the plasma phase, supporting a Nernst signal. At an even lower T the hole pairs become coherent and SC appears beyond a critical doping. The proposed SC mechanism is not of the BCS-type, because it involves a gain in kinetic energy (lowering of spinon gap) and it is "almost" of the classical 3D XY-type. Since both the spinon gap and the holon pairing originate from the same term in the slave-particle representation of the t-J model, this approach incorporates a strong interplay between AF and SC, giving rise to a universal relation between Tc and the energy of the resonance mode, as observed in neutron scattering experiments.

P. A. Marchetti; F. Ye; Z. B. Su; L. Yu

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

234

Search for Pair Production of Strongly Interacting Particles Decaying to Pairs of Jets in pp? Collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We present a search for the pair production of a narrow nonstandard-model strongly interacting particle that decays to a pair of quarks or gluons, leading to a final state with four hadronic jets. We consider both nonresonant production via an intermediate gluon as well as resonant production via a distinct nonstandard-model intermediate strongly interacting particle. We use data collected by the CDF experiment in proton-antiproton collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 6.6 fb?¹. We find the data to be consistent with nonresonant production. We report limits on ?(pp??jjjj) as a function of the masses of the hypothetical intermediate particles. Upper limits on the production cross sections for nonstandard-model particles in several resonant and nonresonant processes are also derived.

Aaltonen, T.; Albin, E.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J. A.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Asaadi, J.; Ashmanskas, W.; Auerbach, B.; Aurisano, A.; Azfar, F.; Badgett, W.; Bae, T.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V. E.; Barnett, B. A.; Barria, P.; Bartos, P.; Bauce, M.; Bedeschi, F.; Behari, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Beretvas, A.; Bhatti, A.; Bland, K. R.; Blumenfeld, B.; Bocci, A.; Bodek, A.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Boveia, A.; Brigliadori, L.; Bromberg, C.; Brucken, E.; Budagov, J.; Budd, H. S.; Burkett, K.; Busetto, G.; Bussey, P.; Butti, P.; Buzatu, A.; Calamba, A.; Camarda, S.; Campanelli, M.; Canelli, F.; Carls, B.; Carlsmith, D.; Carosi, R.; Carrillo, S.; Casal, B.; Casarsa, M.; Castro, A.; Catastini, P.; Cauz, D.; Cavaliere, V.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Cerri, A.; Cerrito, L.; Chen, Y. C.; Chertok, M.; Chiarelli, G.; Chlachidze, G.; Cho, K.; Chokheli, D.; Ciocci, M. A.; Clark, A.; Clarke, C.; Convery, M. E.; Conway, J.; Corbo, M.; Cordelli, M.; Cox, C. A.; Cox, D. J.; Cremonesi, M.; Cruz, D.; Cuevas, J.; Culbertson, R.; d’Ascenzo, N.; Datta, M.; De Barbaro, P.; Demortier, L.; Deninno, M.; Devoto, F.; d’Errico, M.; Di Canto, A.; Di Ruzza, B.; Dittmann, J. R.; D’Onofrio, M.; Donati, S.; Dorigo, M.; Driutti, A.; Ebina, K.; Edgar, R.; Elagin, A.; Erbacher, R.; Errede, S.; Esham, B.; Eusebi, R.; Farrington, S.; Fernández Ramos, J. P.; Field, R.; Flanagan, G.; Forrest, R.; Franklin, M.; Freeman, J. C.; Frisch, H.; Funakoshi, Y.; Garfinkel, A. F.; Garosi, P.; Gerberich, H.; Gerchtein, E.; Giagu, S.; Giakoumopoulou, V.; Gibson, K.; Ginsburg, C. M.; Giokaris, N.; Giromini, P.; Giurgiu, G.; Glagolev, V.; Glenzinski, D.; Gold, M.; Goldin, D.; Golossanov, A.; Gomez, G.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Goncharov, M.; González López, O.; Gorelov, I.; Goshaw, A. T.; Goulianos, K.; Gramellini, E.; Grinstein, S.; Grosso-Pilcher, C.; Group, R. C.; Guimaraes da Costa, J.; Hahn, S. R.; Han, J. Y.; Happacher, F.; Hara, K.; Hare, M.; Harr, R. F.; Harrington-Taber, T.; Hatakeyama, K.; Hays, C.; Heinrich, J.; Herndon, M.; Hocker, A.; Hong, Z.; Hopkins, W.; Hou, S.; Hughes, R. E.; Husemann, U.; Hussein, M.; Huston, J.; Introzzi, G.; Iori, M.; Ivanov, A.; James, E.; Jang, D.; Jayatilaka, B.; Jeon, E. J.; Jindariani, S.; Jones, M.; Joo, K. K.; Jun, S. Y.; Junk, T. R.; Kambeitz, M.; Kamon, T.; Karchin, P. E.; Kasmi, A.; Kato, Y.; Ketchum, W.; Keung, J.; Kilminster, B.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, H. S.; Kim, J. E.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, S. B.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, Y. K.; Kim, Y. J.; Kimura, N.; Kirby, M.; Knoepfel, K.; Kondo, K.; Kong, D. J.; Konigsberg, J.; Kotwal, A. V.; Kreps, M.; Kroll, J.; Kruse, M.; Kuhr, T.; Kurata, M.; Laasanen, A. T.; Lammel, S.; Lancaster, M.; Lannon, K.; Latino, G.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, J. S.; Leo, S.; Leone, S.; Lewis, J. D.; Limosani, A.; Lipeles, E.; Liu, H.; Liu, Q.; Liu, T.; Lockwitz, S.; Loginov, A.; Lucchesi, D.; Lueck, J.; Lujan, P.; Lukens, P.; Lungu, G.; Lys, J.; Lysak, R.; Madrak, R.; Maestro, P.; Malik, S.; Manca, G.; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A.; Margaroli, F.; Marino, P.; Martínez, M.; Matera, K.; Mattson, M. E.; Mazzacane, A.; Mazzanti, P.; McNulty, R.; Mehta, A.; Mehtala, P.; Mesropian, C.; Miao, T.; Mietlicki, D.; Mitra, A.; Miyake, H.; Moed, S.; Moggi, N.; Moon, C. S.; Moore, R.; Morello, M. J.; Mukherjee, A.; Muller, Th.; Murat, P.; Mussini, M.; Nachtman, J.; Nagai, Y.; Naganoma, J.; Nakano, I.; Napier, A.; Nett, J.; Neu, C.; Nigmanov, T.; Nodulman, L.; Noh, S. Y.; Norniella, O.; Oakes, L.; Oh, S. H.; Oh, Y. D.; Oksuzian, I.; Okusawa, T.; Orava, R.; Ortolan, L.; Pagliarone, C.; Palencia, E.; Palni, P.; Papadimitriou, V.; Parker, W.; Pauletta, G.; Paulini, M.; Paus, C.; Phillips, T. J.; Piacentino, G.; Pianori, E.; Pilot, J.; Pitts, K.; Plager, C.; Pondrom, L.; Poprocki, S.; Potamianos, K.; Prokoshin, F.; Pranko, A.; Ptohos, F.; Punzi, G.; Ranjan, N.; Redondo Fernández, I.; Renton, P.; Rescigno, M.; Riddick, T.; Rimondi, F.; Ristori, L.; Robson, A.; Rodriguez, T.; Rolli, S.; Ronzani, M.; Roser, R.; Rosner, J. L.; Ruffini, F.; Ruiz, A.; Russ, J.; Rusu, V.; Safonov, A.; Sakumoto, W. K.; Sakurai, Y.; Santi, L.; Sato, K.; Saveliev, V.; Savoy-Navarro, A.; Schlabach, P.; Schmidt, E. E.; Schwarz, T.; Scodellaro, L.; Scuri, F.; Seidel, S.; Seiya, Y.; Semenov, A.; Sforza, F.; Shalhout, S. Z.; Shears, T.; Shepard, P. F.; Shimojima, M.; Shochet, M.; Shreyber-Tecker, I.; Simonenko, A.; Sinervo, P.; Sliwa, K.; Smith, J. R.; Snider, F. D.; Sorin, V.; Song, H.; Stancari, M.; Denis, R. St.; Stelzer, B.; Stelzer-Chilton, O.; Stentz, D.; Strologas, J.; Sudo, Y.; Sukhanov, A.; Suslov, I.; Takemasa, K.; Takeuchi, Y.; Tang, J.; Tecchio, M.; Teng, P. K.; Thom, J.; Thomson, E.; Thukral, V.; Toback, D.; Tokar, S.; Tollefson, K.; Tomura, T.; Tonelli, D.; Torre, S.; Torretta, D.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Comparison of Three Cre-LoxP Based Paired-End Library Construction Methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Paired-end library sequencing has been proven useful in scaffold construction during de novo whole genome shotgun assembly. The ability of generating mate pairs with > 8 Kb insert sizes is especially important for genomes containing long repeats. To make mate paired libraries for next generation sequencing, DNA fragments need to be circularized to bring the ends together. There are several methods that can be used for DNA circulation, namely ligation, hybridization and Cre-LoxP recombination. With higher circularization efficiency with large insert DNA fragments, Cre-LoxP recombination method generally has been used for constructing >8 kb insert size paired-end libraries. Second fragmentation step is also crucial for maintaining high library complexity and uniform genome coverage. Here we will describe the following three fragmentation methods: restriction enzyme digestion, random shearing and nick translation. We will present the comparison results for these three methods. Our data showed that all three methods are able to generate paired-end libraries with greater than 20 kb insert. Advantages and disadvantages of these three methods will be discussed as well.

Peng, Ze; Nath, Nandita; Tritt, Andrew; Liang, Shoudan; Han, James; Pennacchio, Len; Chen, Feng

2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

236

Index pairings in presence of symmetries with applications to topological insulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a basic framework of a complex Hilbert space furnished with a complex conjugation and an involution, linear operators can be real, quaternionic, symmetric or anti-symmetric, and orthogonal projections can furthermore be symplectic. This paper investigates index pairings of projections and unitaries submitted to such symmetries. Various scenarios emerge: Noether indices can take either arbitrary integer values or only even integer values or they can vanish and then possibly have secondary $\\mathbb{Z}_2$-invariants. These general results are applied to prove index theorems for the strong invariants of topological insulators. The symmetries come from the Fermi projection ($K$-theoretic part of the pairing) and the Dirac operator ($K$-homological part of the pairing depending on the dimension of physical space).

Julian Grossmann; Hermann Schulz-Baldes

2015-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

237

Mass shift effects in nonperturbative multiphoton pair production for arbitrary polarized electric fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mass shift effects in multiphoton pair production of a nonperturbative nature for arbitrary polarized electric fields are investigated numerically by employing the real-time Dirac-Heisenberg-Wigner formalism, and theoretically by proposing an effective energy concept. It is found that the theoretical results are agreement with the numerical ones very well. It is the first time to consider the roles of the momenta of created particles and the polarizations of external fields played in the mass shift effects. These results can deepen the understanding of pair production in the nonperturbative threshold regime. Moreover, the distinct mass shift effects are observable in the forthcoming experiments and can be used as a probe to distinguish the electron-positron pair production from other background events.

Z. L. Li; D. Lu; B. F. Shen; L. B. Fu; J. Liu; B. S. Xie

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

238

Long-range Cooper pair splitter with high entanglement production rate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooper pairs in the superconductor are a natural source of spin entanglement. The existing proposals of the Cooper pair splitter can only realize a low efficiency of entanglement production, and its size is constrained by the superconducting coherence length. Here we show that a long-range Cooper pair splitter can be implemented in a normal metal-superconductor-normal metal (NSN) junction by driving a supercurrent in the S. The supercurrent results in a band gap modification of the S, which significantly enhances the crossed Andreev reflection (CAR) of the NSN junction and simultaneously quenches its elastic cotunneling. Therefore, a high entanglement production rate close to its saturation value can be achieved by the inverse CAR. Interestingly, in addition to the conventional entangled electron states between opposite energy levels, novel entangled states with equal energy can also be induced in our proposal.

Wei Chen; D. N. Shi; D. Y. Xing

2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

239

A CLOSE-PAIR ANALYSIS OF DAMP MERGERS AT INTERMEDIATE REDSHIFTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the kinematics of {approx}2800 candidate close-pair galaxies at 0.1 < z < 1.2 identified from the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey fields. Spectra of these systems were obtained using spectrometers on the 6.5 m Magellan and 5 m Hale telescopes. These data allow us to constrain the rate of dry mergers at intermediate redshifts and to test the 'hot halo' model for quenching of star formation. Using virial radii estimated from the correlation between dynamical and stellar masses published by Leauthaud et al., we find that around 1/5 of our candidate pairs are likely to share a common dark matter halo (our metric for close physical association). These pairs are divided into red-red, blue-red, and blue-blue systems using the rest-frame colors classification method introduced in Chou et al.. Galaxies classified as red in our sample have very low star formation rates, but they need not be totally quiescent, and hence we refer to them as 'damp', rather than 'dry', systems. After correcting for known selection effects, the fraction of blue-blue pairs is significantly greater than that of red-red and blue-red pairs. Red-red pairs are almost entirely absent from our sample, suggesting that damp mergers are rare at z {approx} 0.5. Our data support models with a short merging timescale (<0.5 Gyr) in which star formation is enhanced in the early phase of mergers, but quenched in the late phase. Hot halo models may explain this behavior, but only if virial shocks that heat gas are inefficient until major mergers are nearly complete.

Chou, Richard C. Y.; Abraham, Roberto G. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada); Bridge, Carrie R., E-mail: chou@astro.utoronto.ca, E-mail: abraham@astro.utoronto.ca, E-mail: bridge@astro.caltech.edu [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Gap anisotropy and universal pairing scale in a spin-fluctuation model of cuprate superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gap anisotropy and universal pairing scale in a spin-fluctuation model of cuprate superconductors Ar. Abanov,1 A. V. Chubukov,2 and M. R. Norman3 1Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA 2Department...-Tc cu- prate superconductors is a key problem.1 Some argue that the pseudogap originates from #1;quasi-#2;long-range order in a non- pairing channel #1;two-gap scenario#2;.2 Others argue instead that the pseudogap is a phase in which fermions already...

Abanov, Artem; Chubukov, A. V.; Norman, M. R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Energy levels of odd-even nuclei using broken pair model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method to calculate energy levels and wave functions of odd-even nuclei, in the frame work of the broken pair model have been developed. The accuracy of the model has been tested by comparing the shell model results of limiting cases in which the broken pair model exactly coincides with the shell model, where there are two-proton/neutron + one-neutron/proton in the valence levels. The model is then applied to calculate the energy levels of some nuclei in the Zirconium region. The model results compare reasonably well with the shell model as well as with the experimental data.

Hamammu, I. M.; Haq, S.; Eldahomi, J. M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science Benghazi University, P. O. Box 9480 Benghazi (Libya)

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

242

Production of mixed flavour heavy quarkonium pair $\\Upsilon(1S) J/\\psi$ at LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inclusive production of $\\Upsilon J/\\psi$ pair in proton-proton interation at LHCb is considered. This process is forbidden at leading order of perturbation theory, so such channels as double parton scattering, $\\chi_b\\chi_c$ pair production with subsequent radiative decays of $P$-wave quarkonia, contributions of color-octet states, and NLO corrections are studied in details. For all these channels we present theoretical predictions of total cross sections at LHCb and distributions over different kinematical variables. According to presented in the paper results, double parton interaction gives main contribution to the cross section of the considered reaction.

Likhoded, A K; Poslavsky, S V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Subnatural-Linewidth Polarization-Entangled Photon Pairs with Controllable Temporal Length  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate an efficient experimental scheme for producing polarization-entangled photon pairs from spontaneous four-wave mixing (SFWM) in a laser-cooled $^{85}$Rb atomic ensemble, with a bandwidth (as low as 0.8 MHz) much narrower than the rubidium atomic natural linewidth. By stabilizing the relative phase between the two SFWM paths in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer configuration, we are able to produce all four Bell states. These subnatural-linewidth photon pairs with polarization entanglement are ideal quantum information carriers for connecting remote atomic quantum nodes via efficient light-matter interaction in a photon-atom quantum network.

Kaiyu Liao; Hui Yan; Junyu He; Shengwang Du; Zhi-Ming Zhang; Shi-Liang Zhu

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

A Method for Constructing a Lax Pair for the Ernst Equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A systematic construction of a Lax pair and an infinite set of conservation laws for the Ernst equation is described. The matrix form of this equation is rewritten as a differential ideal of gl(2,R)-valued differential forms, and its symmetry condition is expressed as an exterior equation which is linear in the symmetry characteristic and has the form of a conservation law. By means of a recursive process, an infinite collection of such laws is then obtained, and the conserved "charges" are used to derive a linear exterior equation whose components constitute a Lax pair.

C. J. Papachristou; B. Kent Harrison

2009-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

245

A strange weak value in spontaneous pair productions via a supercritical step potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a case where a weak value is introduced as a physical quantity rather than an average of weak measurements. The case we treat is a time evolution of a particle by 1+1 dimensional Dirac equation. Particularly in a spontaneous pair production via a supercritical step potential, a quantitative explanation can be given by a weak value for the group velocity of the particle. We also show the condition for the pair production (supercriticality) corresponds to the condition when the weak value takes a strange value (superluminal velocity).

Kazuhiro Yokota; Nobuyuki Imoto

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

246

Shape and pairing fluctuations effects on neutrinoless double beta decay nuclear matrix elements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear matrix elements (NME) for the most promising candidates to detect neutrinoless double beta decay have been computed with energy density functional methods including deformation and pairing fluctuations explicitly on the same footing. The method preserves particle number and angular momentum symmetries and can be applied to any decay without additional fine tunings. The finite range density dependent Gogny force is used in the calculations. An increase of $10\\%-40\\%$ in the NME with respect to the ones found without the inclusion of pairing fluctuations is obtained, reducing the predicted half-lives of these isotopes.

Nuria López Vaquero; Tomás R. Rodríguez; J. Luis Egido

2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

247

Discovering Higgs boson pair production through rare final states at a 100 TeV collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider Higgs boson pair production at a future proton collider with centre-of-mass energy of 100 TeV, focusing on rare final states that include a bottom-anti-bottom quark pair and multiple isolated leptons: $hh \\rightarrow (b\\bar{b}) + n \\ell + X$, $n = \\{2,4\\}$, $X = \\{ E_T^\\mathrm{miss}, \\gamma, -\\}$. We construct experimental search strategies for observing the process through these channels and make suggestions on the desired requirements for the detector design of the future collider.

Papaefstathiou, Andreas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Equal-spin pairing state of superfluid {sup 3}He in aerogel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The equal-spin pairing state, the so-called A-like phase, of superfluid {sup 3}He in aerogels is studied theoretically in the Ginzburg-Landau region by examining thermodynamics, and the resulting equilibrium phase diagram is mapped out. We find that the ABM pairing state with presumably quasi-long-ranged superfluid order has a lower free energy than the planar and 'robust' states and is the best candidate of the A-like phase with a strange lowering of the polycritical point observed experimentally.

Aoyama, Kazushi; Ikeda, Ryusuke [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay within QRPA with Proton-Neutron Pairing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have investigated the role of proton-neutron pairing in the context of the Quasiparticle Random Phase approximation formalism. This way the neutrinoless double beta decay matrix elements of the experimentally interesting A= 48, 76, 82, 96, 100, 116, 128, 130 and 136 systems have been calculated. We have found that the inclusion of proton-neutron pairing influences the neutrinoless double beta decay rates significantly, in all cases allowing for larger values of the expectation value of light neutrino masses. Using the best presently available experimental limits on the half life-time of neutrinoless double beta decay we have extracted the limits on lepton number violating parameters.

G. Pantis; F. Simkovic; J. D. Vergados; Amand Faessler

1996-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

250

On the frequency of oscillations in the pair plasma generated by a strong electric field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the frequency of the plasma oscillations of electron-positron pairs created by the vacuum polarization in an uniform electric field with strength E in the range 0.2 Ec plasma oscillation equation when E -> 0. Thereby, we focus our attention on its evolution in time studying how this oscillation frequency approaches the plasma frequency. The time-scale needed to approach to the plasma frequency and the power spectrum of these oscillations are computed. The characteristic frequency of the power spectrum is determined uniquely from the initial value of the electric field strength. The effects of plasma degeneracy and pair annihilation are discussed.

A. Benedetti; W. -B. Han; R. Ruffini; G. V. Vereshchagin

2011-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

251

Nuclear pairing from bare interaction: Two and three-body chiral forces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a recent paper the {sup 1}S{sub 0} pairing gap in isospin-symmetric nuclear matter and finite nuclei has been investigated starting from the chiral nucleon-nucleon potential at the N{sup 3}LO order in the two-body sector and the N{sup 2}LO order in the three-body sector. To include realistic nuclear forces in RHB (Relativistic Hartree Bolgoliubov) calculations we relied on a separable representation of the pairing interaction. In this paper we would like to show recent results concerning isotonic chains with N= 28,50,82.

Finelli, Paolo [Physics Department, University of Bologna, Via Irnerio 46, 40126 Bologna (Italy); INFN, Section of Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 6/2, 40127 Bologna (Italy)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

252

Feedback effects on the pairing interaction in color superconductors near the transition temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the role that the gap dependence of the pairing interaction plays in the gap equation for a weakly coupled uniform superfluid of three-flavor massless quarks near the transition temperature T_c. We find that the feedback effects on Landau-damped transverse gluons mediating the pairing interaction alter the gap magnitude in a way dependent on the color structure of the gap. We estimate corrections by these effects to the parameters characterizing the fourth order terms in the Ginzburg-Landau free energy and ensure the stability of a color-flavor locked state near T_c.

Kei Iida

2005-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

253

Field-induced decay of quantum vacuum: visualizing pair production in a classical photonic system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phenomenon of vacuum decay, i.e. electron-positron pair production due to the instability of the quantum electrodynamics vacuum in an external field, is a remarkable prediction of Dirac theory whose experimental observation is still lacking. Here a classic wave optics analogue of vacuum decay, based on light propagation in curved waveguide superlattices, is proposed. Our photonic analogue enables a simple and experimentally-accessible visualization in space of the process of pair production as break up of an initially negative-energy Gaussian wave packet, representing an electron in the Dirac sea, under the influence of an oscillating electric field.

Stefano Longhi

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Validity of pair truncation of the nuclear shell model in {sup 46}Ca  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the validity of pair truncation of the nuclear shell model by using the semimagic nucleus {sup 46}Ca. We present low-lying states and their E2 transition rates based on both nucleon pair approximation (NPA) and exact shell-model (SM) calculations. We also calculate overlaps between wave functions of low-lying states calculated by using the NPA and those calculated by using the SM. Our calculated results show a remarkable agreement between the NPA results and the SM results, although the NPA is a drastic truncation of the SM.

Lei, Y.; Xu, Z. Y. [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Zhao, Y. M. [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000 (China); CCAST, World Laboratory, Post Office Box 8730, Beijing 100080 (China); Arima, A. [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Science Museum, Japan Science Foundation, 2-1 Kitanomaru-koen, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0091 (Japan)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Recent results from HADES on electron pair production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systematic investigations of dilepton production are performed at the SIS accelerator of GSI with the HADES spectrometer. The goal of this program is a detailed understanding of di-electron emission from hadronic systems at moderate temperatures and densities. New results obtained in HADES experiments focussing on electron pair production in elementary collisions are reported here. They pave the way to a better understanding of the origin of the so-called excess pairs earlier on observed in heavy-ion collisions by the DLS collaboration and lately confirmed in two measurements of the HADES collaboration using C+C and Ar+KCl collisions. Results of these studies are discussed.

The HADES Collaboration; T. Galatyuk; G. Agakishiev; A. Balanda; D. Belver; A. V. Belyaev; A. Blanco; M. Böhmer; J. L. Boyard; P. Braun-Munzinger; P. Cabanelas; E. Castro; S. Chernenko; T. Christ; M. Destefanis; J. Díaz; F. Dohrmann; A. Dybczak; L. Fabbietti; O. V. Fateev; P. Finocchiaro; P. Fonte; J. Friese; I. Fröhlich; J. A. Garzón; R. Gernhäuser; A. Gil; C. Gilardi; M. Golubeva; D. González-Díaz; F. Guber; T. Hennino; R. Holzmann; I. Iori; A. Ivashkin; M. Jurkovic; B. Kämpfer; T. Karavicheva; D. Kirschner; I. Koenig; W. Koenig; B. W. Kolb; R. Kotte; F. Krizek; R. Krücken; W. Kühn; A. Kugler; A. Kurepin; S. Lang; J. S. Lange; K. Lapidus; T. Liu; L. Lopes; M. Lorenz; L. Maier; A. Mangiarotti; J. Markert; V. Metag; B. Michalska; J. Michel; E. Morinière; J. Mousa; C. Müntz; L. Naumann; J. Otwinowski; Y. C. Pachmayer; M. Palka; Y. Parpottas; V. Pechenov; O. Pechenova; J. Pietraszko; W. Przygoda; B. Ramstein; A. Reshetin; A. Rustamov; A. Sadovsky; P. Salabura; A. Schmah; E. Schwab; Yu. G. Sobolev; S. Spataro; B. Spruck; H. Ströbele; J. Stroth; C. Sturm; M. Sudol; A. Tarantola; K. Teilab; P. Tlusty; M. Traxler; R. Trebacz; H. Tsertos; V. Wagner; M. Weber; M. Wisniowski; T. Wojcik; J. Wüstenfeld; S. Yurevich; Y. V. Zanevsky; P. Zhou

2009-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

256

Recent results from HADES on electron pair production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systematic investigations of dilepton production are performed at the SIS accelerator of GSI with the HADES spectrometer. The goal of this program is a detailed understanding of di-electron emission from hadronic systems at moderate temperatures and densities. New results obtained in HADES experiments focussing on electron pair production in elementary collisions are reported here. They pave the way to a better understanding of the origin of the so-called excess pairs earlier on observed in heavy-ion collisions by the DLS collaboration and lately confirmed in two measurements of the HADES collaboration using C+C and Ar+KCl collisions. Results of these studies are discussed.

Galatyuk, T; Balanda, A; Belver, D; Belyaev, A V; Blanco, A; Böhmer, M; Boyard, J L; Braun-Munzinger, P; Cabanelas, P; Castro, E; Chernenko, S; Christ, T; Destefanis, M; Díaz, J; Dohrmann, F; Dybczak, A; Fabbietti, L; Fateev, O V; Finocchiaro, P; Fonte, P; Friese, J; Fröhlich, I; Garzón, J A; Gernhäuser, R; Gil, A; Gilardi, C; Golubeva, M; González-Díaz, D; Guber, F; Hennino, T; Holzmann, R; Iori, I; Ivashkin, A; Jurkovic, M; Kämpfer, B; Karavicheva, T; Kirschner, D; Koenig, I; Koenig, W; Kolb, B W; Kotte, R; Krizek, F; Krücken, R; Kühn, W; Kugler, A; Kurepin, A; Lang, S; Lange, J S; Lapidus, K; Liu, T; Lopes, L; Lorenz, M; Maier, L; Mangiarotti, A; Markert, J; Metag, V; Michalska, B; Michel, J; Morinière, E; Mousa, J; Müntz, C; Naumann, L; Otwinowski, J; Pachmayer, Y C; Palka, M; Parpottas, Y; Pechenov, V; Pechenova, O; Pietraszko, J; Przygoda, W; Ramstein, B; Reshetin, A; Rustamov, A; Sadovsky, A; Salabura, P; Schmah, A; Schwab, E; Sobolev, Yu G; Spataro, S; Spruck, B; Ströbele, H; Stroth, J; Sturm, C; Sudol, M; Tarantola, A; Teilab, K; Tlusty, P; Traxler, M; Trebacz, R; Tsertos, H; Wagner, V; Weber, M; Wisniowski, M; Wojcik, T; Wüstenfeld, J; Yurevich, S; Zanevsky, Y V; Zhou, P

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Identification of Parton Pairs in a Dijet Event and Investigation of Its Effects on Dijet Resonance Search  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Being able to distinguish parton pair type in a dijet event could significantly improve the search for new particles that are predicted by the theories beyond the Standard Model at the Large Hadron Collider. To explore whether parton pair types manifesting themselves as a dijet event could be distinguished on an event-by-event basis, I performed a simulation based study considering observable jet variables. I found that using a multivariate approach can filter out about 80% of the other parton pairs while keeping more than half of the quark-quark or gluon-gluon parton pairs in an inclusive QCD dijet distribution. The effects of event-by-event parton pair tagging for dijet resonance searches were also investigated and I found that improvement on signal significance after applying parton pair tagging can reach up to 4 times for gluon-gluon resonances.

Sertac Ozturk

2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

258

Study of correlations between photoproduced pairs of charmed particles at Experiment E831/FOCUS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present the study of the charm-pair correlations produced in photon-nucleon interactions at = 175 GeV/c, by the Fermilab fixed target experiment E831/FOCUS. The E831/FOCUS experiment produced and reconstructed over one million charm particles. This high statistics allows the reconstruction of more than 7000 charm-pair mesons D{bar D}, 10 times the statistic of former experiments, and also allows to get, for the first time, about 600 totally reconstructed charm-pairs in the DD{sub s} and D{Lambda}{sub c} channels. They were able to study, with some detail, the kinematical correlations between the charm and anticharm particle forming a pair, in the square transverse momentum (p{sub T}{sup 2}), azimuthal angle difference ({Delta}{phi}), rapidity difference ({Delta}y) and the charm-pair mass variables. They observe some correlation for the longitudinal momenta, and a significant correlation for the transverse momenta of the charm and anticharm particles. They compare the experimental distributions with theoretical predictions based on the photon-gluon fusion model (PGF), for the production of c{bar c} quarks, and the standard Lund hadronization model. These models are implemented by the PYTHIA Monte Carlo event generator. The PYTHIA program allows the inclusion, in the simulation, of non-perturbative effects that have been shown to be important for charm production. In order to compare data and simulation, they have generated two Monte Carlo samples, the first one set to favor the production of D{bar D} pairs (MCDD2), and the second one set to favor the production of DD{sub s} and D{Lambda}{sub c} pairs, where each one uses different functions and parameters values for the theoretical models in the simulation. They observe, for the correlation distributions, that the set of parameters used by the MCDD2 model together with the intrinsic transverse momentum (k{sub {perpendicular}}) of the partons inside the nucleons, has a better agreement with data distributions than the one used by the MCDSLC model. Finally, the relative pair/anti-pair yield production ratio is calculated for five sets of charm-pairs, D{sup +}D{sup 0}, D{sup +}D{sub s}{sup -}, D{sup 0}D{sub s}{sup -}, D{sup +}{Lambda}{sub c}{sup -} e D{sup 0}{Lambda}{sub c}{sup -}, both for data as well as for the two Monte Carlo samples. They observe that the MCDSLC model predicts charm-pair yield production ratios closer to the yield ratios data than the MCDD2 model.

Castromonte Flores, Cesar Manuel; /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Compositions of orthogonal lysyl-tRNA and aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase pairs and uses thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Compositions and methods of producing components of protein biosynthetic machinery that include orthogonal lysyl-tRNAs, orthogonal lysyl-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, and orthogonal pairs of lysyl-tRNAs/synthetases, which incorporate homoglutamines into proteins are provided in response to a four base codon. Methods for identifying these orthogonal pairs are also provided along with methods of producing proteins with homoglutamines using these orthogonal pairs.

Anderson, J. Christopher; Wu, Ning; Santoro, Stephen; Schultz, Peter G

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

260

Influences of Personal Information, Public Information, and Extra-pair Paternity on Breeding Site Fidelity in a Songbird  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INFLUENCES OF PERSONAL INFORMATION, PUBLIC INFORMATION, AND EXTRA-PAIR PATERNITY ON BREEDING SITE FIDELITY IN A SONGBIRD A Dissertation by ANDREW JAMES CAMPOMIZZI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A... Information, and Extra-pair Paternity on Breeding Site Fidelity in a Songbird Copyright 2011 Andrew James Campomizzi INFLUENCES OF PERSONAL INFORMATION, PUBLIC INFORMATION, AND EXTRA-PAIR PATERNITY ON BREEDING SITE FIDELITY IN A SONGBIRD A...

Campomizzi, Andrew James

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

reliable starting vectors for curve calculation. So far we did not try any algorithm to handle these patch pairs; we just kept their diameter " smaller than the display precision and treated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. small pairs disjoint pairs input input Resulting curve pieces Waste- basket Resulting small pairs Pairs in quadtrees and should exchange \\bag data" only if necessary for load balancing, using advanced \\hot potato

Schaback, Robert

262

pp: 1--4 (col.fig.: NIL) PROD. TYPE: COM ED: JAYASHREE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- croscope images revealed 109 QDs=cm2 with a11 at, truncated shape. Di erent pieces of the sam- ple were properties. The investigated sam- ples were derived from a single sample by ex5 situ annealing as described

Nabben, Reinhard

263

Department: Theatre and Film 2013/14 Season Prod. # Feb 24, 2014 Ver. 8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Game by Eugene Ionesco, trans Helen Gary Bishop Event Date & Time: Tue, Nov 26 - Fri, Nov 29 - 8pm, Sat Churchill Event Date & Time: Sat Mar 29 Director: Blake Taylor Location: ACTF Theatre 1T15, Possession: Fri

Martin, Jeff

264

int. j. prod. res., 2001, vol. 39, no. 16, 35613600 A review of agile manufacturing systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

literature on agile manufacturing. About 73 papers from premier scien- ti®c journals and conferences have Manufacturing International Journal of Production Research ISSN 0020±7543 print/ISSN 1366±588X online # 2001 Taylor & Francis Ltd http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals DOI: 10.1080/00207540110068790 Revision received

Nagi, Rakesh

265

Using a Bayesian Network in the ProdFLOWTM Stefan Wagner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

¨unchen Garching b. M¨unchen, Germany wagnerst@in.tum.de Melanie Ruhe Siemens AG Munich, Germany melanie.ruhe@siemens- ment organisations created by the research department of the Siemens AG. Its core are organisation to be adapted to the characteristics of R&D. In the research department of the Siemens AG a new approach

266

pp: 1-6 (col.fig.: Nil) PROD. TYPE: COM ED: CH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

statistically valid population decoding models3 Peter Andras, Stefano Panzeri, Malcolm P. Young Neural Systems to formalize the read-out model, Monte Carlo validation to check the statistical validity of the model. Andras), stefano.panzeri@ncl.ac.uk (S. Panzeri), m.p.young@ncl.ac.uk (M. P. Young). 0925-2312/02/$ - see

Andras, Peter

267

pp: 1-7 (col.fig.: nil) PROD. TYPE: COM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-- SCAN: Padma ARTICLE IN PRESS Radiation Measurements ( ) ­ www.elsevier.com/locate/radmeas 1 Etching tracks with a optical microscope using at a total magniÿcation between 1250� and 1600� ( 80%)9 with about to sample. This problem is undoubtedly due to sample-to-sample vari- 53 ation in -damage (combined -recoil

Garver, John I.

268

http://cemp.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cemp_stations.pl?stn=tono&prod=11  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNationalRestart of the Reviewwill help prepareA Review 2008 A028/%2A enTheCAIT Home

269

http://cemp.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cemp_stations.pl?stn=tono&prod=11  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNationalRestart of the Reviewwill help prepareA Review 2008 A028/%2A enTheCAIT Home1

270

Effective Polynomial Families for Generating More Pairing-Friendly Elliptic Curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Effective Polynomial Families for Generating More Pairing-Friendly Elliptic Curves Pu Duan, Shi University Singapore dp@pmail.ntu.edu.sg cuishi@pmail.ntu.edu.sg ecwchan@ntu.edu.sg Abstract Finding suitable without restrictions on embedding degree k and cofactor h. We propose the idea of effective polynomial

271

OPPENHEIM CONJECTURE FOR PAIRS CONSISTING OF A LINEAR FORM AND A QUADRATIC FORM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPPENHEIM CONJECTURE FOR PAIRS CONSISTING OF A LINEAR FORM AND A QUADRATIC FORM ALEXANDER GORODNIK. As a generalization of the Oppenheim conjecture, we prove that the set {(Q(x), L(x)) : x Zd } is dense in R2 provided of author's PhD thesis at Ohio State University done under supervision of Prof. Bergelson. 1 #12;OPPENHEIM

Gorodnik, Alexander

272

Waltzing of a helium pair in tungsten: Migration barrier and trajectory revealed from first-principles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite well documented first-principles theoretical determination of the low migration energy (0.06 eV) of a single He in tungsten, fully quantum mechanical calculations on the migration of a He pair still present a challenge due to the complexity of its trajectory. By identifying the six most stable configurations of the He pair in W and decomposing its motion into rotational, translational, and rotational-translational routines, we are able to determine its migration barrier and trajectory. Our density functional theory calculations demonstrate a He pair has three modes of motion: a close or open circular two-dimensional motion in (100) plane with an energy barrier of 0.30 eV, a snaking motion along [001] direction with a barrier of 0.30 eV, and a twisted-ladder motion along [010] direction with the two He swinging in the plane (100) and a barrier of 0.31 eV. The graceful associative movements of a He pair are related to the chemical-bonding-like He-He interaction being much stronger than its migration barrier in W. The excellent agreement with available experimental measurements (0.24–0.32 eV) on He migration makes our first-principles result a solid input to obtain accurate He-W interatomic potentials in molecular dynamics simulations.

Niu, J. G. [School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hebei University, Baoding 071000 (China); Zhan, Q., E-mail: qzhan@mater.ustb.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Geng, W. T., E-mail: geng@ustb.edu.cn [School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Psi Quantum Materials LLC, Laiwu 271100 (China)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

273

On the kinetic equation approach to pair production by time-dependent electric field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the quantum kinetic approach to pair production from vacuum by time-dependent electric field. Equivalence between this approach and the more familiar S-matrix approach is explicitly established for both scalar and fermion cases. For the particular case of a constant electric field exact solution for kinetic equations is provided and the accuracy of low-density approximation is estimated.

A. M. Fedotov; E. G. Gelfer; K. Yu. Korolev; S. A. Smolyansky

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

274

Chaotic ratchet dynamics with cold atoms in a pair of pulsed optical lattices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a very simple model for realizing directed transport with cold atoms in a pair of periodically flashed optical lattices. The origin of this ratchet effect is explained and its robustness demonstrated under imperfections typical of cold atom experiments. We conclude that our model offers a clear-cut way to implement directed transport in an atom optical experiment.

Gabriel G. Carlo; Giuliano Benenti; Giulio Casati; Sandro Wimberger; Oliver Morsch; Riccardo Mannella; Ennio Arimondo

2006-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

275

OVERSAMPLING COMPLEX-MODULATED DIGITAL FILTER BANK PAIRS SUITABLE FOR EXTENSIVE SUBBAND-SIGNAL AMPLIFICATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

subband-signals by a synthe- sis filter bank (SFB). Due to low battery energy available in hear- ing aidsOVERSAMPLING COMPLEX-MODULATED DIGITAL FILTER BANK PAIRS SUITABLE FOR EXTENSIVE SUBBAND@nt.rub.de, web: www.dsv.rub.de ABSTRACT Oversampling, complex-modulated digital subband coder filter banks

Göckler, Heinz G.

276

Invariant mass distributions for heavy quark-antiquark pairs in deep inelastic electroproduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have completed the ${\\cal O}(\\alpha_s)$ QCD corrections to exclusive heavy quark-antiquark distributions in deep inelastic electroproduction and present here the differential distributions in the masses of charm-anticharm and bottom-antibottom pairs at the electron-proton collider HERA.

B. W. Harris; J. Smith

1995-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

Vortex-Pair Dynamics in Anisotropic Bistable Media: A Kinematic Approach Aric Hagberg1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vortex-Pair Dynamics in Anisotropic Bistable Media: A Kinematic Approach Aric Hagberg1 and Ehud typically evolves into rotating spiral waves. In an anisotropic system, instead of spiral waves, the vortices can form wave fragments that propagate with a constant speed in a given direction determined

Hagberg, Aric

278

Parity violating observables in radiative neutrino pair emission from metastable atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on a possibility of measuring parity violating effects in radiative neutrino pair emission from metastable atoms; asymmetric angular distribution of emitted photons from oriented atoms and emergent circular polarization. Their observation, along with the continuous photon energy spectrum which has 6 thresholds, may be interpreted as events being a combined weak and QED process, emission of $\\gamma \

M. Yoshimura; A. Fukumi; N. Sasao; T. Yamaguchi

2009-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

279

meraculous: de novo genome assembly with short paired-end reads  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a new algorithm, meraculous, for whole genome assembly of deep paired-end short reads, and apply it to the assembly of a dataset of paired 75-bp Illumina reads derived from the 15.4 megabase genome of the haploid yeast Pichia stipitis. More than 95% of the genome is recovered, with no errors; half the assembled sequence is in contigs longer than 101 kilobases and in scaffolds longer than 269 kilobases. Incorporating fosmid ends recovers entire chromosomes. Meraculous relies on an efficient and conservative traversal of the subgraph of the k-mer (deBruijn) graph of oligonucleotides with unique high quality extensions in the dataset, avoiding an explicit error correction step as used in other short-read assemblers. A novel memory-efficient hashing scheme is introduced. The resulting contigs are ordered and oriented using paired reads separated by ~280 bp or ~3.2 kbp, and many gaps between contigs can be closed using paired-end placements. Practical issues with the dataset are described, and prospects for assembling larger genomes are discussed.

Chapman, Jarrod A.; Ho, Isaac; Sunkara, Sirisha; Luo, Shujun; Schroth, Gary P.; Rokhsar, Daniel S.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Quasi-stationary states and a classification of the range of pair interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Systems of long-range interacting particles present typically 'quasi-stationary' states (QSS). Investigating their lifetime for a generic pair interaction V(r{yields}{infinity}){approx}1/r{sup {gamma}} we give a classification of the range of the interactions according to the dynamical properties of the system.

Gabrielli, A. [Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi (ISC), CNR, Via dei Taurini 19, Rome (Italy); Joyce, M. [Laboratoire de Physique Nucleaire et Hautes Energies, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (France); Marcos, B. [Laboratoire J.-A. Dieudonne, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis (France)

2011-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Imidazopyridine/Pyrrole and Hydroxybenzimidazole/Pyrrole Pairs for DNA Minor Groove Recognition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to aberrant gene expression and the ability to reprogram transcription in a cell by chemical methods could of the pyrrole ring Py of the natural products netropsin and distamycin A which bind in the minor groove of DNA.3 Watson- Crick base pairs are modulated by specific hydrogen-bonds and shape complementarity. For example

Dervan, Peter B.

282

Cooper pair transport and Coulomb blockade in one dimensional Josephson junction arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cooper pair transport and Coulomb blockade in one dimensional Josephson junction arrays Peter Å¡Ë?ogskoletryckeriet, Stockholm, 2000 #12; Abstract One dimensional Josephson junction arrays have been fabricated, measured small capacitance Josephson junction is described using a Serial Resistive and Inductive Junction (SRLJ

Haviland, David

283

TRANSIT TIMING VARIATION OF NEAR-RESONANCE PLANETARY PAIRS: CONFIRMATION OF 12 MULTIPLE-PLANET SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We extract transit timing variation (TTV) signals for 12 pairs of transiting planet candidates that are near first-order mean motion resonances (MMR), using publicly available Kepler light curves (Q0-Q14). These pairs show significant sinusoidal TTVs with theoretically predicted periods, which demonstrate these planet candidates are orbiting and interacting in the same system. Although individual masses cannot be accurately extracted based only on TTVs because of the well-known degeneracy between mass and eccentricity, TTV phases and amplitudes can still place upper limits on the masses of the candidates, confirming their planetary nature. Furthermore, the mass ratios of these planet pairs can be relatively tightly constrained using these TTVs. The planetary pair in KOI 880 seems to have particularly high mass and density ratios, which might indicate very different internal compositions of these two planets. Some of these newly confirmed planets are also near MMR with other candidates in the system, forming unique resonance chains (e.g., KOI 500)

Xie, Ji-Wei, E-mail: xiejiwei@gmail.com, E-mail: jwxie@astro.utoronto.ca [Department of Astronomy and Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics in Ministry of Education, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Exciton Energy Transfer in Pairs of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exciton Energy Transfer in Pairs of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Huihong Qian, Carsten Georgi­3 At nanoscale distances, energy transfer from large to small band gap nanotubes is expected to occur to be quenched in bundles.7­10 Very recently, resonant exciton energy transfer between semiconducting nanotubes

Novotny, Lukas

285

Modification of the GS LT Paired-end Library Protocol for Constructing Longer Insert Size Libraries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Paired-end library sequencing has been proven useful in scaffold construction during de novo assembly of genomic sequences. The ability of generating mate pairs with 8 Kb or greater insert sizes is especially important for genomes containing long repeats. While the current 454 GS LT Paired-end library preparation protocol can successfully construct libraries with 3 Kb insert size, it fails to generate longer insert sizes because the protocol is optimized to purify shorter fragments. We have made several changes in the protocol in order to increase the fragment length. These changes include the use of Promega column to increase the yield of large size DNA fragments, two gel purification steps to remove contaminated short fragments, and a large reaction volume in the circularization step to decrease the formation of chimeras. We have also made additional changes in the protocol to increase the overall quality of the libraries. The quality of the libraries are measured by a set of metrics, which include levels of redundant reads, linker positive, linker negative, half linker reads, and driver DNA contamination, and read length distribution, were used to measure the primary quality of these libraries. We have also assessed the quality of the resulted mate pairs including levels of chimera, distribution of insert sizes, and genome coverage after the assemblies are completed. Our data indicated that all these changes have improved the quality of the longer insert size libraries.

Peng, Ze; Peng, Ze; Hamilton, Matthew; Ting, Sara; Tu, Hank; Goltsman, Eugene; Lapidus, Alla; Lucas, Susan; Cheng, Jan-Fang

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

286

Superfluid Local Density Approximation: A Density Functional Theory Approach to the Nuclear Pairing Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I describe the foundation of a Density Functional Theory approach to include pairing correlations, which was applied to a variety of systems ranging from dilute fermions, to neutron stars and finite nuclei. Ground state properties as well as properties of excited states and time-dependent phenomena can be achieved in this manner within a formalism based on microscopic input.

Aurel Bulgac

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

287

Standard testing procedures for optical fiber and unshielded twisted pair at Sandia National Laboratories. Revision  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This revision updates Sandia`s working standard for testing optical fiber and unshielded twisted pair cables included in the Lab-wide telecommunications cabling infrastructure. The purpose of these standard testing procedures is to deliver to all Sandians a reliable, low-maintenance, state-of-the-art, ubiquitous telecommunications cabling infrastructure capable of satisfying all current and future telecommunication needs.

Adams, R.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Communications Dept.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

K.K. Gan ATLAS Tracker Ungrade Workshop 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/fall time after irradiation? What is optical power after irradiation? What current is needed for annealing Spliced SIMM-GRIN Fibers and Radiation Hardness of PIN/VCSEL Dec 8, 2006 W. Fernando, K.K. Gan, A. Law, H Bandwidth of micro twisted-pair cables Bandwidth of fusion spliced SIMM-GRIN fibers Radiation hardness

Gan, K. K.

289

Behaviour 149 (2012) 407440 brill.nl/beh Behavioral characteristics of pair bonding in the black  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Jeffrey A. French c,d a Department of Psychology, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway b Department and an- other is between members of a breeding pair (reviewed in Insel et al., 1995; Broad et al., 2006­female relationships, display intruder- directed aggression (Epple, 1977, 1978; French & Snowdon, 1981; French

French, Jeffrey A.

290

Computer simulation study of liquid CH2F2 with a new effective pair potential model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to reproduce the thermodynamic internal energy, density, heat capacity, vapor-liquid equilibrium and structuralComputer simulation study of liquid CH2F2 with a new effective pair potential model Pa potential model is proposed for computer simulations of liquid methylene fluoride and used in Monte Carlo

Mezei, Mihaly

291

Higher twist contributions to lepton-pair production and other QCD processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A general discussion of the calculations and phenomenological consequences of power-law suppressed QCD processes is given with emphasis on tests in massive lepton pair production. Absolutely normalized predictions are given for the leading twist (transverse current) and higher twist (longitudinal current) contributions to the meson structure function in the region of large x.

Brodsky, S.J.; Berger, E.L.; Lepage, G.P.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

First Observation of Vector Boson Pairs in a Hadronic Final State at the Tevatron Collider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first observation in hadronic collisions of the electroweak production of vector boson pairs (VV, V=W, Z) where one boson decays to a dijet final state. The data correspond to 3.5??fb[superscript -1] of ...

Paus, Christoph M. E.

293

Search for the associated production of the Higgs boson with a top-quark pair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for the standard model Higgs boson produced in association with a top-quark pair (tt¯H) is presented, using data samples corresponding to integrated luminosities of up to 5.1 fb?1 and 19.7 fb?1 collected in pp ...

CMS Collaboration

294

Evidence for the 125 GeV Higgs boson decaying to a pair of ? leptons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for a standard model Higgs boson decaying into a pair of ? leptons is performed using events recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2011 and 2012. The dataset corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 4.9 ...

Apyan, Aram

295

JOINTLY HYPONORMAL PAIRS OF COMMUTING SUBNORMAL OPERATORS NEED NOT BE JOINTLY SUBNORMAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JOINTLY HYPONORMAL PAIRS OF COMMUTING SUBNORMAL OPERATORS NEED NOT BE JOINTLY SUBNORMAL RA´UL E operators, jointly hyponormal but not admitting commuting normal extensions. Each such family can be used] := ST - TS. We say that an n-tuple T = (T1, · · · , Tn) of operators on H is (jointly) hyponormal

Curto, Raúl

296

Empirical Validation of Test-Driven Pair Programming in Game Development Shaochun Xu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

competition of software market, and increasing complexities of software. This also happens in game development. In order to solve those problems, agile software development processes, like Scrum, FDD, ExtremeEmpirical Validation of Test-Driven Pair Programming in Game Development Shaochun Xu Department

297

Three-party simultaneous quantum secure direct communication scheme with EPR pairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a scheme for three-party simultaneous quantum secure direct communication by using EPR pairs. In the scheme, three legitimate parties can simultaneously exchange their secret messages. It is also proved to be secure against the intercept-and-resend attack, the disturbance attack and the entangled-and-measure attack.

Mei-Yu Wang; Feng-Li Yan

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

298

Donor-vacancy pairs in irradiated n-Ge: A searching look at the problem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present situation concerning the identification of vacancy-donor pairs in irradiated n-Ge is discussed. The challenging points are the energy states of these defects deduced from DLTS spectra. Hall effect data seem to be at variance with some important conclusions drawn from DLTS measurements. Critical points of the radiation-produced defect modeling in n-Ge are highlighted.

Emtsev, Vadim; Oganesyan, Gagik [IoffePhysicotechnical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Politekhnicheskaya ulitsa 26, 194021 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

299

AER EAR: A Matched Silicon Cochlea Pair with Address Event Representation Interface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AER EAR: A Matched Silicon Cochlea Pair with Address Event Representation Interface André van, the Address Event Representation (AER) interface has become the standard interface protocol in recent years. The AER approach allows us to model biological systems using discrete level (spikes) and continuous

Liu, Shih-Chii

300

Search for pair production of excited top quarks in the lepton + jets final state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search is performed for pair-produced spin-3/2 excited top quarks (t[superscript ?][¯ over t][superscript ?]), each decaying to a top quark and a gluon. The search uses data collected with the CMS detector from pp ...

Apyan, Aram

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Management and Conservation Article Estimation of Successful Breeding Pairs for Wolves in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

successful breeding pairs will become more difficult following proposed delisting of NRM wolves; alternatives delisting, are required. Because pack size is easier to monitor than pack composition, we estimated where number of packs and their sizes are known. Following delisting of NRM wolves, human

Mitchell, Mike

302

Effective shell model Hamiltonians from density functional theory: quadrupolar and pairing correlations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a procedure for mapping a self-consistent mean-field theory (also known as density functional theory) into a shell model Hamiltonian that includes quadrupole-quadrupole and monopole pairing interactions in a truncated space. We test our method in the deformed N=Z sd-shell nuclei Ne-20, Mg-24 and Ar-36, starting from the Hartree-Fock plus BCS approximation of the USD shell model interaction. A similar procedure is then followed using the SLy4 Skyrme energy density functional in the particle-hole channel plus a zero-range density-dependent force in the pairing channel. Using the ground-state solution of this density functional theory at the Hartree-Fock plus BCS level, an effective shell model Hamiltonian is constructed. We use this mapped Hamiltonian to extract quadrupolar and pairing correlation energies beyond the mean field approximation. The rescaling of the mass quadrupole operator in the truncated shell model space is found to be almost independent of the coupling strength used in the pairing channel of the underlying mean-field theory.

R. Rodriguez-Guzman; Y. Alhassid; G. F. Bertsch

2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

303

Search for first generation leptoquark pair production in the electron + missing energy + jets final state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a search for the pair production of first generation scalar leptoquarks (LQ) in data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.4 fb$^{-1}$ collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider in ppbar collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV. In the channel $LQ \\bar{LQ} \\rightarrow e\

D0 Collaboration; V. Abazov

2011-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

304

Tuning Smart Microgel Swelling and Responsive Behavior through Strong and Weak Polyelectrolyte Pair Assembly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of polyelectrolyte pairs on temperature and pH-sensitive cross-linked poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-co-(methacrylic acid), poly(NIPAAm-co-MAA), microgels enabled a fine-tuning of the gel ...

Costa, Eunice

305

The Contribution of Electron-Positron Pair Production to the Vacuum Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The vacuum, defined as the state where no particles can be observed, is interpreted here to imply that the lifetime of the e-p pair should be equal to the Planck time. Concerning the title's subject, a perfect theory would require that the true vacuum expectation value of the operator associated with pair production, be compatible with the normalization of the true vacuum. At present, a calculation of the vacuum energy based on Feynman diagrams reveals a serious difficulty: if only second order terms of the S-matrix are retained, and because there are no external lines, it follows that the space-time integrations over the coordinates, involved in the calculation of the vacuum expectation value of the S-matrix, give rise to two identical delta functions: the amplitude is thus proportional to the space-time volume of integration, L4. The square of the amplitude defies then any physically meaningful interpretation. One is faced here with two evils: modify the interaction Lagrangian so that the amplitude becomes proportional to L2, or abstain from any calculation. It is felt that the first one is the lesser evil. If the square of the amplitude is proportional to L4 (instead of L8), it, can be interpreted as being the number, N, of events (pairs created), in the volume of integration. In the calculations for N it was assumed that the integral over momentums (rescaled to be dimensionless) was of the order unity, and that processes with small virtual photon-energy are predominant. The pairs' contribution to the vacuum density is then given by the mass of the particles multiplied, by the number of events per unit volume and unit time, as well as, by the pairs lifetime. It is found that the calculated value for the vacuum density is in surprisingly good agreement with the observations.

Bernard R. Durney

2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

306

Fosmid Cre-LoxP Inverse PCR Paired-End (Fosmid CLIP-PE), a Novel Method for Constructing Fosmid Pair-End Library (Seventh Annual Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future (SFAF) Meeting 2012)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ze Peng from DOE JGI presents "Fosmid Cre-LoxP Inverse PCR Paired-End (Fosmid CLIP-PE), a Novel Method for Constructing Fosmid Pair-End Library" at the 7th Annual Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future (SFAF) Meeting held in June, 2012 in Santa Fe, NM.

Peng, Ze [DOE JGI] [DOE JGI

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Fosmid Cre-LoxP Inverse PCR Paired-End (Fosmid CLIP-PE), a Novel Method for Constructing Fosmid Pair-End Library (Seventh Annual Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future (SFAF) Meeting 2012)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Ze Peng from DOE JGI presents "Fosmid Cre-LoxP Inverse PCR Paired-End (Fosmid CLIP-PE), a Novel Method for Constructing Fosmid Pair-End Library" at the 7th Annual Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future (SFAF) Meeting held in June, 2012 in Santa Fe, NM.

Peng, Ze [DOE JGI

2013-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

308

Advances in Applied Clifford Algebras Boosted Surfaces: Synthesis of 3D Meshes using Point Pair Generators in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and the interpolation of point pairs. Applying these rotors to points and circles provides an novel and efficient basis algebra can be leveraged as generators of "simple" orbit-inducing rotors. In the current work, null point of points, and the interpolation of point pairs. Applying these rotors to points and circles provides

California at Santa Barbara, University of

309

W0 pairing in ,,N,N... carbon nanotubes away from half filling Enrico Perfetto, Gianluca Stefanucci, and Michele Cini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,1 nanotube confirm the expectations. For (N,N) nanotubes of length l, the binding energy of the pair dependsWÃ?0 pairing in ,,N,N... carbon nanotubes away from half filling Enrico Perfetto, Gianluca bands of carbon single-wall (N,N) nanotubes. A detailed symmetry analysis shows that the model allows W

Stefanucci, Gianluca

310

Methods and composition for the production of orthogonal tRNA-aminoacyl tRNA synthetase pairs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention provides compositions and methods for generating components of protein biosynthetic machinery including orthogonal tRNAs, orthogonal aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, and orthogonal pairs of tRNAs/synthetases. Methods for identifying orthogonal pairs are also provided. These components can be used to incorporate unnatural amino acids into proteins in vivo.

Schultz, Peter G. (La Jolla, CA); Wang, Lei (San Diego, CA); Anderson, John Christopher (San Diego, CA); Chin, Jason W. (San Diego, CA); Liu, David R. (Lexington, MA); Magliery, Thomas J. (North Haven, CT); Meggers, Eric L. (Philadelphia, PA); Mehl, Ryan Aaron (San Diego, CA); Pastrnak, Miro (San Diego, CA); Santoro, Stephen William (San Diego, CA); Zhang, Zhiwen (San Diego, CA)

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

311

Quantum Dissociation of a Vortex-Antivortex Pair in a Long Josephson Junction M.V. Fistul,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Dissociation of a Vortex-Antivortex Pair in a Long Josephson Junction M.V. Fistul,1 A VAV pair manifests itself in a switching of the Josephson junction from the superconducting biased single Josephson junctions (JJs), various SQUIDs, and small Josephson junction arrays, contain

Wallraff, Andreas

312

Sudden death of particle-pair Bloch oscillation and unidirectional propagation in a one-dimensional driven optical lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the dynamics of bound pairs in the extended Hubbard model driven by a linear external field. It is shown that two interacting bosons or singlet fermions with nonzero on-site and nearest-neighbor interaction strengths can always form bound pairs in the absence of an external field. There are two bands of bound pairs, one of which may have incomplete wave vectors when it has an overlap with the scattering band, referred to as an imperfect band. In the presence of the external field, the dynamics of the bound pair in the perfect band exhibits distinct Bloch-Zener oscillation (BZO), while in the imperfect band the oscillation presents a sudden death. The pair becomes uncorrelated after the sudden death and the BZO never comes back. Such dynamical behaviors are robust even for the weak-coupling regime and thus can be used to characterize the phase diagram of the bound states.

S. Lin; X. Z. Zhang; Z. Song

2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

313

On detection of narrow angle e+e- pairs from dark photon decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A class of models of dark sectors consider new very weak interaction between the ordinary and dark matter transmitted by U'(1) gauge bosons A' (dark photons) mixing with our photons. If such A's exist, they could be searched for in a light-shining-through-a-wall experiment with a high energy electron beam from the CERN SPS. The proposed search scheme suggests detection of the e+e- pairs produced in the A' -> e+e- decay with a very small opening angle. Coordinate chambers based on the thin-wall drift tubes with a minimal material budget and a two-hit resolution for e+ and e- tracks separated by more than 0.5 mm are considered as an option for detecting such pairs.

Dermenev, A V; Gninenko, S N; Kuleshov, S B; Matveev, V A; Myalkovskiy, V V; Peshekhonov, V D; Poliakov, V A; Savenkov, A A; Tikhomirov, V O; Zhukov, I A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Schwinger Mechanism for Fermion Pair Production in the Presence of Arbitrary Time Dependent Background Electric Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the Schwinger mechanism for the pair production of fermions in the presence of an arbitrary time-dependent background electric field E(t) by directly evaluating the path integral. We obtain an exact non-perturbative result for the probability of fermion-antifermion pair production per unit time per unit volume per unit transverse momentum (of the fermion or antifermion) from the arbitrary time dependent electric field E(t) via Schwinger mechanism. We find that the exact non-perturbative result is independent of all the time derivatives d^nE(t)/dt^n, where n=1,2,....\\infty. This result has the same functional dependence on E as the Schwinger's constant electric field E result with the replacement: E -> E(t).

Fred Cooper; Gouranga C. Nayak

2006-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

315

Parity violating radiative emission of neutrino pair in heavy alkaline earth atoms of even isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metastable excited states ${}^3P_2, {}^3P_0$ of heavy alkaline earth atoms of even isotopes are studied for parity violating (PV) effects in radiative emission of neutrino pair (RENP). PV terms arise from interference between two diagrams containing neutrino pair emission of valence spin current and nuclear electroweak charge density proportional to the number of neutrons in nucleus. This mechanism gives large PV effects, since it does not suffer from the suppression of 1/(electron mass) usually present for non-relativistic atomic electrons. A controllable magnetic field is crucial to identify RENP process by measuring PV observables. Results of PV asymmetries under the magnetic field reversal and the photon circular polarization reversal are presented for an example of Yb atom.

M. Yoshimura; N. Sasao; S. Uetake

2014-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

316

Auxiliary-field quantum Monte Carlo method for strongly paired fermions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We solve the zero-temperature unitary Fermi gas problem by incorporating a BCS importance function into the auxiliary-field quantum Monte Carlo method. We demonstrate that this method does not suffer from a sign problem and that it increases the efficiency of standard techniques by many orders of magnitude for strongly paired fermions. We calculate the ground-state energies exactly for unpolarized systems with up to 66 particles on lattices of up to 27{sup 3} sites, obtaining an accurate result for the universal parameter {xi}. We also obtain results for interactions with different effective ranges and find that the energy is consistent with a universal linear dependence on the product of the Fermi momentum and the effective range. This method will have many applications in superfluid cold atom systems and in both electronic and nuclear structures where pairing is important.

Carlson, J.; Gandolfi, Stefano [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Schmidt, Kevin E. [Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States); Zhang, Shiwei [Department of Physics, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia 23187 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

Search for the standard model Higgs boson in tau lepton pair final states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson in final states with an electron or muon and a hadronically decaying tau lepton in association with zero, one, or two or more jets using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of up to 7.3 fb^{-1} collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The analysis is sensitive to Higgs boson production via gluon gluon fusion, associated vector boson production, and vector boson fusion, and to Higgs boson decays to tau lepton pairs or W boson pairs. Observed (expected) limits are set on the ratio of 95% C.L. upper limits on the cross section times branching ratio, relative to those predicted by the Standard Model, of 14 (22) at a Higgs boson mass of 115 GeV and 7.7 (6.8) at 165 GeV.

D0 Collaboration

2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

318

The influence of pairing on the nuclear matrix elements of the neutrinoless double beta decays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study in this letter the behavior of the neutrinoless double beta decay nuclear matrix elements (NME's) in the framework of the Interacting Shell Model. We analize them in terms of the total angular momentum of the decaying neutron pair and as a function of the seniority truncations in the nuclear wave functions. This point of view turns out to be very adequate to gauge the accuracy of the NME's predicted by different nuclear structure models. In addition, it gives back the due protagonism in this process to the pairing interaction, the interaction which is responsible for the very existence of double beta decay emitters. We show that low seniority approximations, comparable to those implicit in the quasiparticle RPA in an spherical basis, tend to overestimate the values of the NME's in several decays.

E. Caurier; J. Menendez; F. Nowacki; A. Poves

2007-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

319

Influence of Pairing on the Nuclear Matrix Elements of the Neutrinoless {beta}{beta} Decays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study in this Letter the neutrinoless double beta decay nuclear matrix elements (NME's) in the framework of the interacting shell model. We analyze them in terms of the total angular momentum of the decaying neutron pair and as a function of the seniority truncations in the nuclear wave functions. This point of view turns out to be very adequate to gauge the accuracy of the NME's predicted by different nuclear models. In addition, it gives back the protagonist role in this process to the pairing interaction, the one which is responsible for the very existence of double beta decay emitters. We show that low seniority approximations, comparable to those implicit in the quasiparticle RPA in a spherical basis, tend to overestimate the NME's in several decays.

Caurier, E.; Nowacki, F. [IPHC, IN2P3-CNRS/Universite Louis Pasteur BP 28, F-67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France); Menendez, J.; Poves, A. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid and Instituto de Fisica Teorica, UAM/CSIC, E-28049, Madrid (Spain)

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

320

Polarization Effects In The Charged Lepton Pair Production By A Neutrino (Antineutrino) In A Magnetic Field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The probability of the process of the charged lepton pair production by a neutrino (an antineutrino) with allowance for the longitudinal and transverse polarizations of the charged leptons in a magnetic field is presented. The dependence of the probability of the process on the spin variables of the charged leptons and on the azimuthal and polar angles of the initial and final neutrinos (antineutrinos) are investigated. It is shown that the probability of the process is sensitive to the spin variables of the charged leptons and to the direction of the neutrino (antineutrino) momentum. It is determined that the neutrino (antineutrino) energy and momentum loss through the production of a charged lepton pair happens asymmetrically.

Huseynov, Vali A. [Department of General and Theoretical Physics, Nakhchivan State University, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan); Laboratory of Physical Research, Nakhchivan Division of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan); Ahmad, Ali S. [Department of General and Theoretical Physics, Nakhchivan State University, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan)

2007-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Molecular ion-pair states in ungerade H{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Molecular ion-pair states are analogs of electronic Rydberg states, but with the electron replaced by a much heavier ion. We calculate ab initio the long-range vibrational H{sup +}H{sup -} ion-pair states in H{sub 2} for ungerade {sup 1}{Sigma}{sub u}{sup +} symmetry, corresponding to recent observations by Ekey and McCormack [Phys. Rev. A 84, 020501 (2011)]. The overall trends in the experiment are reproduced and many peaks can be assigned. The calculations yield interloper resonances corresponding to vibrational states trapped inside the barriers on the potential-energy curves 5,6 {sup 1}{Sigma}{sub u}{sup +}.

Kirrander, Adam [Laboratoire Aime Cotton du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite de Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay (France); Jungen, Christian [Laboratoire Aime Cotton du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite de Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay (France); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

Pure-state dynamics of a pair of charge qubits in a random environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A pair of charge qubits in a random electromagnetic environment is studied, using the description of the random dynamics of its pure-state vector as given by quantum-state diffusion theory. It is shown by numerical computations that the pure-state dynamics provides a more detailed description than the density-matrix picture of the main effects such as phase dumping and depolarization.

Buric, Nikola [Department of Physics and Mathematics, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Beograd, Vojvode Stepe 450, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

2005-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

323

Next-to-leading order slepton pair production at hadron colliders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute total cross sections for various slepton pair production reactions in next-to-leading order QCD. For pbarp collisions at root S=2TeV, we find leading order cross sections to be enhanced by typically 35% to 40%. For pp collisions at root S=14TeV, the enhancement ranges from 25% to 35% depending on the mass of the sleptons. We comment upon the phenomenological implications of these results.

Howard Baer; B. W. Harris; Mary Hall Reno

1997-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

324

Tutorial guide to the tau lepton and close-mass lepton pairs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a tutorial guide to present knowledge of the tau lepton, to the tau decay mode puzzle, and to present searches for close-mass lepton pairs. The test is minimal; the emphasis is on figures, tables and literature references. It is based on a lecture given at the 1988 International School of Subnuclear Physics: The Super World III. 54 refs., 9 figs., 7 tabs.

Perl, M.L.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

NON-FREE POINTS FOR GROUPS GENERATED BY A PAIR OF 2 2 MATRICES.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NON-FREE POINTS FOR GROUPS GENERATED BY A PAIR OF 2 Ã? 2 MATRICES. JOHN BAMBERG Abstract. A point in the complex plane is said to be free if the group generated by the matrices ( 1 2 0 1 ) and ( 1 0 1 ) is free. In this paper we give an infinite family of polynomials whose roots are the non-free points. The main idea

Bamberg, John

326

Relativistic Quantization of Cooper Pairs and Distributed Electrons in Rotating Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relativistic time synchronization along closed integral lines maintains magnetic flux quantization independently from gravitation. All Fermi-volume electrons form time-averaged electromagnetic fields within rotating conductors, while Fermi-surface superelectrons enable flux quantization in SQUID experiments. Inertia is not related to instantaneous self-coherent states of the distributed electric charge and, therefore, the Cooper pair mass can not be measured in principle from magnetic flux quantization.

I. E. Bulyzhenkov

2009-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

327

Two pairs of interacting EBs towards the LMC in the OGLE database  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A single point source on the OGLE LMC database shows the characteristics of two superimposed eclipsing binaries (EBs). The two EBs happen to have periods very close to the 3:2 resonance. The telescope's small PSF and the apparent resonance between the two EBs raises the suspicion that this is not chance alignment but rather a compact hierarchical system of two pairs of interacting EBs in 3:2 resonance.

Aviv Ofir

2008-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

328

K.K. Gan DPF/JPS06 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/fall time after irradiation? What is optical power after irradiation? What current is needed for annealing during irradiation SLHC AOC 71 MRad 0.0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.8 0 100 200 300 400 Time (Hours) DataOpticalPK.K. Gan DPF/JPS06 1 Bandwidths of Micro Twisted-Pair Cables and Fusion Spliced SIMM-GRIN Fibers

Gan, K. K.

329

mTGen: mass scale measurements in pair-production at colliders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ar X iv :0 70 8. 10 28 v4 [ he p- ph ] 6 A ug 20 09 Cavendish-HEP-2007-05 PACS: 13.85.Hd 13.85.-t 11.30.Pb 11.80.Cr 12.60.-i mTGen : Mass scale measurements in pair-production at colliders Christopher G. Lester† and Alan J. Barr‡ † Cavendish...

Lester, Christopher G; Barr, Alan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Contributions of different neutron pairs in different approaches for neutrinoless double beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The methods used till now to calculate the neutrinoless double beta decay matrix elements are: the Quasiparticle Random Phase Approximation (QRPA), the Shell Model (SM), the angular momentum projected Hartee-Fock-Bogoliubov approach (HFB) and the Interacting Boson Model (IBM). The different approaches are compared specifically concerning the the angular momenta and parities of the neutron pairs, which are changed into two protons by the $0\

Alberto Escuderos; Amand Faessler; Vadim Rodin; Fedor Simkovic

2010-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

331

Decomposition of harmonic and jet contributions to particle-pair correlations at ultrarelativistic energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methodology is presented for analysis of two-particle azimuthal angle correlation functions obtained in collisions at ultrarelativistic energies. We show that harmonic and di-jet contributions to these correlation functions can be reliably decomposed by two techniques to give an accurate measurement of the jet-pair distribution. Results from detailed Monte Carlo simulations are used to demonstrate the efficacy of these techniques in the study of possible modifications to jet topologies in heavy ion reactions.

Ajitanand, N.N.; Alexander, J.M.; Chung, P.; Holzmann, W.G.; Issah, M.; Lacey, Roy A.; Shevel, A.; Taranenko, A.; Danielewicz, P. [Department of Chemistry, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States); Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1321 (United States)

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Decomposition of Harmonic and Jet Contributions to Particle-pair Correlations at Ultra-relativistic Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Methodology is presented for analysis of two-particle azimuthal angle correlation functions obtained in collisions at ultra-relativistic energies. We show that harmonic and di-jet contributions to these correlation functions can be reliably decomposed by two techniques to give an accurate measurement of the jet-pair distribution. Results from detailed Monte Carlo simulations are used to demonstrate the efficacy of these techniques in the study of possible modifications to jet topologies in heavy ion reactions.

N. N. Ajitanand; J. M. Alexander; P. Chung; W. G. Holzmann; M. Issah; Roy A. Lacey; A. Shevel; A. Taranenko; P. Danielewicz

2005-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

333

A proposal for testing subcritical vacuum pair production with high power lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a proposal for testing the prediction of non-equilibrium quantum field theory below the Schwinger limit. The proposed experiments should be able to detect a measurable number of gamma rays resulting from the annihilation of pairs in the focal spot of two opposing high intensity laser beams. We discuss the dependence of the expected number of gamma rays with the laser parameters and compare with the estimated background level of gamma hits for realistic laser conditions.

G. Gregori; D. B. Blaschke; P. P. Rajeev; H. Chen; R. J. Clarke; T. Huffman; C. D. Murphy; A. V. Prozorkevich; C. D. Roberts; G. Röpke; S. M. Schmidt; S. A. Smolyansky; S. Wilks; R. Bingham

2010-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

334

Search for pair production of the scalar top quark in the electron-muon final state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the result of a search for the pair production of the lightest supersymmetric partner of the top quark ($\\tilde{t}_1$) in $p\\bar{p}$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.4 fb$^{-1}$. The scalar top quarks are assumed to decay into a $b$ quark, a charged lepton, and a scalar neutrino ($\\tilde{\

V. M. Abazov; B. Abbott; M. Abolins; B. S. Acharya; M. Adams; T. Adams; G. D. Alexeev; G. Alkhazov; A. Altona; G. Alverson; G. A. Alves; L. S. Ancu; M. Aoki; Y. Arnoud; M. Arov; A. Askew; B. Åsman; O. Atramentov; C. Avila; J. BackusMayes; F. Badaud; L. Bagby; B. Baldin; D. V. Bandurin; S. Banerjee; E. Barberis; P. Baringer; J. Barreto; J. F. Bartlett; U. Bassler; V. Bazterra; S. Beale; A. Bean; M. Begalli; M. Begel; C. Belanger-Champagne; L. Bellantoni; S. B. Beri; G. Bernardi; R. Bernhard; I. Bertram; M. Besançon; R. Beuselinck; V. A. Bezzubov; P. C. Bhat; V. Bhatnagar; G. Blazey; S. Blessing; K. Bloom; A. Boehnlein; D. Boline; T. A. Bolton; E. E. Boos; G. Borissov; T. Bose; A. Brandt; O. Brandt; R. Brock; G. Brooijmans; A. Bross; D. Brown; J. Brown; X. B. Bu; D. Buchholz; M. Buehler; V. Buescher; V. Bunichev; S. Burdinb; T. H. Burnett; C. P. Buszello; B. Calpas; E. Camacho-Pérez; M. A. Carrasco-Lizarraga; B. C. K. Casey; H. Castilla-Valdez; S. Chakrabarti; D. Chakraborty; K. M. Chan; A. Chandra; G. Chen; S. Chevalier-Théry; D. K. Cho; S. W. Cho; S. Choi; B. Choudhary; T. Christoudias; S. Cihangir; D. Claes; J. Clutter; M. Cooke; W. E. Cooper; M. Corcoran; F. Couderc; M. -C. Cousinou; A. Croc; D. Cutts; M. ?wiok; A. Das; G. Davies; K. De; S. J. de Jong; E. De La Cruz-Burelo; F. Déliot; M. Demarteau; 47 R. Demina; D. Denisov; S. P. Denisov; S. Desai; K. DeVaughan; H. T. Diehl; M. Diesburg; A. Dominguez; T. Dorland; A. Dubey; L. V. Dudko; D. Duggan; A. Duperrin; S. Dutt; A. Dyshkant; M. Eads; D. Edmunds; J. Ellison; V. D. Elvira; Y. Enari; S. Eno; H. Evans; A. Evdokimov; V. N. Evdokimov; G. Facini; T. Ferbel; F. Fiedler; F. Filthaut; W. Fisher; H. E. Fisk; M. Fortner; H. Fox; S. Fuess; T. Gadfort; A. Garcia-Bellido; V. Gavrilov; P. Gay; W. Geist; W. Geng; D. Gerbaudo; C. E. Gerber; Y. Gershtein; G. Ginther; G. Golovanov; A. Goussiou; P. D. Grannis; S. Greder; H. Greenlee; Z. D. Greenwood; E. M. Gregores; G. Grenier; Ph. Gris; J. -F. Grivaz; A. Grohsjean; S. Grünendahl; M. W. Grünewald; F. Guo; J. Guo; G. Gutierrez; P. Gutierrez; A. Haasc; S. Hagopian; J. Haley; L. Han; K. Harder; A. Harel; J. M. Hauptman; J. Hays; T. Head; T. Hebbeker; D. Hedin; H. Hegab; A. P. Heinson; U. Heintz; C. Hensel; I. Heredia-De La Cruz; K. Herner; G. Hesketh; M. D. Hildreth; R. Hirosky; T. Hoang; J. D. Hobbs; B. Hoeneisen; M. Hohlfeld; S. Hossain; Z. Hubacek; N. Huske; V. Hynek; I. Iashvili; R. Illingworth; A. S. Ito; S. Jabeen; M. Jaffré; S. Jain; D. Jamin; R. Jesik; K. Johns; M. Johnson; D. Johnston; A. Jonckheere; P. Jonsson; J. Joshi; A. Justed; K. Kaadze; E. Kajfasz; D. Karmanov; P. A. Kasper; I. Katsanos; R. Kehoe; S. Kermiche; N. Khalatyan; A. Khanov; A. Kharchilava; Y. N. Kharzheev; D. Khatidze; M. H. Kirby; J. M. Kohli; A. V. Kozelov; J. Kraus; A. Kumar; A. Kupco; T. Kur?a; V. A. Kuzmin; J. Kvita; S. Lammers; G. Landsberg; P. Lebrun; H. S. Lee; S. W. Lee; W. M. Lee; J. Lellouch; L. Li; Q. Z. Li; S. M. Lietti; J. K. Lim; D. Lincoln; J. Linnemann; V. V. Lipaev; R. Lipton; Y. Liu; Z. Liu; A. Lobodenko; M. Lokajicek; P. Love; H. J. Lubatti; R. Luna-Garciae; A. L. Lyon; A. K. A. Maciel; D. Mackin; R. Madar; R. Magaña-Villalba; S. Malik; V. L. Malyshev; Y. Maravin; J. Martínez-Ortega; R. McCarthy; C. L. McGivern; M. M. Meijer; A. Melnitchouk; D. Menezes; P. G. Mercadante; M. Merkin; A. Meyer; J. Meyer; N. K. Mondal; G. S. Muanza; M. Mulhearn; E. Nagy; M. Naimuddin; M. Narain; R. Nayyar; H. A. Neal; J. P. Negret; P. Neustroev; S. F. Novaes; T. Nunnemann; G. Obrant; J. Orduna; N. Osman; J. Osta; G. J. Otero y Garzón; M. Owen; M. Padilla; M. Pangilinan; N. Parashar; V. Parihar; S. K. Park; J. Parsons; R. Partridgec; N. Parua; A. Patwa; B. Penning; M. Perfilov; K. Peters; Y. Peters; G. Petrillo; P. Pétroff; R. Piegaia; J. Piper; M. -A. Pleier; P. L. M. Podesta-Lermaf; V. M. Podstavkov; M. -E. Pol; P. Polozov; A. V. Popov; M. Prewitt; D. Price; S. Protopopescu; J. Qian; A. Quadt; B. Quinn; M. S. Rangel; K. Ranjan; P. N. Ratoff; I. Razumov; P. Renkel; P. Rich; M. Rijssenbeek; I. Ripp-Baudot; F. Rizatdinova; M. Rominsky; C. Royon; P. Rubinov; R. Ruchti; G. Safronov; G. Sajot; A. Sánchez-Hernández; M. P. Sanders; B. Sanghi; A. S. Santos; G. Savage; L. Sawyer; T. Scanlon; R. D. Schamberger; Y. Scheglov; H. Schellman; T. Schliephake; S. Schlobohm; C. Schwanenberger; R. Schwienhorst; J. Sekaric; H. Severini; E. Shabalina; V. Shary; A. A. Shchukin; R. K. Shivpuri; V. Simak; V. Sirotenko; P. Skubic; P. Slattery; D. Smirnov; K. J. Smith; G. R. Snow; J. Snow; S. Snyder; S. Söldner-Rembold; L. Sonnenschein; A. Sopczak; M. Sosebee; K. Soustruznik; B. Spurlock; J. Stark; V. Stolin; D. A. Stoyanova; E. Strauss; M. Strauss; D. Strom; L. Stutte; P. Svoisky; M. Takahashi; A. Tanasijczuk; W. Taylor; M. Titov; V. V. Tokmenin; D. Tsybychev; B. Tuchming; C. Tully; P. M. Tuts; L. Uvarov

2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

335

Vacuum pair production of charged scalar bosons in time-dependent electric fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the quantum mechanical scattering model, the dynamical assist effect and the multiple-slit interference effect in electron-positron pair production from vacuum are generalized to vacuum pair production of charged scalar bosons. For the former effect some combinations of a strong but slowly varying electric field and a weak but rapidly varying one with different time delay are studied. Results indicate that the oscillation intensity of momentum spectrum and the number density of created bosons reduce with increasing of the time delay. Obviously, they achieve the maximum if the time delay equals zero. For the latter effect, it is shown that this effect does not exist for equal-sign $N$-pulse electric field in contrast to its existence for alternating-sign $N$-pulse. An approximate solution of boson momentum spectrum is got and it is agreeable well with the exact numerical one in alternating-sign $N$-pulse electric field, especially for $2$-pulse field and for small longitudinal momentum. The difference of vacuum pair production between bosons and fermions are also compared for their longitudinal momentum spectra.

Zi-Liang Li; Ding Lu; Bai-Song Xie

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

336

${\\mathbb{Z}}_N$ graded discrete Lax pairs and discrete integrable systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a class of ${\\mathbb{Z}}_N$ graded discrete Lax pairs, with $N\\times N$ matrices, linear in the spectral parameter. We give a classification scheme for such Lax pairs and the associated discrete integrable systems. We present two potential forms and completely classify the generic case. Many well known examples belong to our scheme for $N=2$, so many of our systems may be regarded as generalisations of these. Even at $N=3$, several new integrable systems arise. Many of our equations are mutually compatible, so can be used together to form "coloured" lattices. We also present continuous isospectral deformations of our Lax pairs, giving compatible differential-difference systems, which play the role of continuous symmetries of our discrete systems. We present master symmetries and a recursive formulae for their respective hierarchies, for the generic case. We present two nonlocal symmetries of our discrete systems, which have a natural representation in terms of the potential forms. These give rise to the two-dimensional Toda lattice, with our nonlinear symmetries being the B\\"acklund transformations and our discrete system being the nonlinear superposition formula (for the generic case).

Allan P. Fordy; Pavlos Xenitidis

2014-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

337

A new measure of phase synchronization for a pair of time series and seizure focus localization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Defining and measuring phase synchronization in a pair of nonlinear time series are highly nontrivial. This can be done with the help of Fourier transform, when it exists, for a pair of stored (hence stationary) signals. In a time series instantaneous phase is often defined with the help of Hilbert transform. In this paper phase of a time series has been defined with the help of Fourier transform. This gives rise to a deterministic method to detect phase synchronization in its most general form between a pair of time series. Since this is a stricter method than the statistical methods based on instantaneous phase, this can be used for lateralization and source localization of epileptic seizures with greater accuracy. Based on this method a novel measure of phase synchronization, called syn function, has been defined, which is capable of quantifying neural phase synchronization and asynchronization as important parameters of epileptic seizure dynamics. It has been shown that such a strict measure of phase synchronization has potential application in seizure focus localization from scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) data, without any knowledge of electrical conductivity of the head.

Kaushik Majumdar

2006-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

338

Differential Pair Distribution Function Study of the Structure of Arsenate Adsorbed on Nanocrystalline [gamma]-Alumina  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Structural information is important for understanding surface adsorption mechanisms of contaminants on metal (hydr)oxides. In this work, a novel technique was employed to study the interfacial structure of arsenate oxyanions adsorbed on {gamma}-alumina nanoparticles, namely, differential pair distribution function (d-PDF) analysis of synchrotron X-ray total scattering. The d-PDF is the difference of properly normalized PDFs obtained for samples with and without arsenate adsorbed, otherwise identically prepared. The real space pattern contains information on atomic pair correlations between adsorbed arsenate and the atoms on {gamma}-alumina surface (Al, O, etc.). PDF results on the arsenate adsorption sample on {gamma}-alumina prepared at 1 mM As concentration and pH 5 revealed two peaks at 1.66 {angstrom} and 3.09 {angstrom}, corresponding to As-O and As-Al atomic pair correlations. This observation is consistent with those measured by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy, which suggests a first shell of As-O at 1.69 {+-} 0.01 {angstrom} with a coordination number of 4 and a second shell of As-Al at 3.13 {+-} 0.04 {angstrom} with a coordination number of 2. These results are in agreement with a bidentate binuclear coordination environment to the octahedral Al of {gamma}-alumina as predicted by density functional theory (DFT) calculation.

Li, Wei; Harrington, Richard; Tang, Yuanzhi; Kubicki, James D.; Aryanpour, Masoud; Reeder, Richard J.; Parise, John B.; Phillips, Brian L. (SBU); (Penn)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

Non-astigmatic imaging with matched pairs of spherically bent reflectors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Arrangements for the point-to-point imaging of a broad spectrum of electromagnetic radiation and ultrasound at large angles of incidence employ matched pairs of spherically bent reflectors to eliminate astigmatic imaging errors. Matched pairs of spherically bent crystals or spherically bent multi-layers are used for X-rays and EUV radiation; and matched pairs of spherically bent mirrors that are appropriate for the type of radiation are used with microwaves, infrared and visible light, or ultrasound. The arrangements encompass the two cases, where the Bragg angle--the complement to the angle of incidence in optics--is between 45.degree. and 90.degree. on both crystals/mirrors or between 0.degree. and 45.degree. on the first crystal/mirror and between 45.degree. and 90.degree. on the second crystal/mirror, where the angles of convergence and divergence are equal. For x-rays and EUV radiation, also the Bragg condition is satisfied on both spherically bent crystals/multi-layers.

Bitter, Manfred Ludwig (Princeton, NJ); Hill, Kenneth Wayne (Plainsboro, NJ); Scott, Steven Douglas (Wellesley, MA); Feder, Russell (Newton, PA); Ko, Jinseok (Cambridge, MA); Rice, John E. (N. Billerica, MA); Ince-Cushman, Alexander Charles (New York, NY); Jones, Frank (Manalapan, NJ)

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

340

Nanoscale strain-induced pair suppression as a vortex-pinning mechanism in high- temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boosting large-scale superconductor applications require nanostructured conductors with artificial pinning centres immobilizing quantized vortices at high temperature and magnetic fields. Here we demonstrate a highly effective mechanism of artificial pinning centers in solution-derived high-temperature superconductor nanocomposites through generation of nanostrained regions where Cooper pair formation is suppressed. The nanostrained regions identified from transmission electron microscopy devise a very high concentration of partial dislocations associated with intergrowths generated between the randomly oriented nanodots and the epitaxial YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} matrix. Consequently, an outstanding vortex-pinning enhancement correlated to the nanostrain is demonstrated for four types of randomly oriented nanodot, and a unique evolution towards an isotropic vortex-pinning behaviour, even in the effective anisotropy, is achieved as the nanostrain turns isotropic. We suggest a new vortex-pinning mechanism based on the bond-contraction pairing model, where pair formation is quenched under tensile strain, forming new and effective core-pinning regions.

Llordes, Anna [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Palau, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Gazquez, J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Coll, M. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Vlad, R. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Pomar, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Arbiol, Jordi [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Guzman, Roger [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Ye, S. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Rouco, V [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Sandiumenge, Felip [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Ricart, Susagna [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Puig, Teresa [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Varela del Arco, Maria [ORNL; Chataigner, D. [CRISMAT, Caen, France; Vanacken, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Gutierrez, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Moschalkov, V. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Deutscher, G. [Tel Aviv University; Magen Dominguez, Cesar [ORNL; Obradors, Xavier [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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341

B-DNA structure is intrinsically polymorphic: even at the level of base pair positions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Increasingly exact measurement of single crystal X-ray diffraction data offers detailed characterization of DNA conformation, hydration and electrostatics. However, instead of providing a more clear and unambiguous image of DNA, highly accurate diffraction data reveal polymorphism of the DNA atomic positions and conformation and hydration. Here we describe an accurate X-ray structure of B-DNA, painstakingly fit to a multistate model that contains multiple competing positions of most of the backbone and of entire base pairs. Two of ten base-pairs of CCAGGCCTGG are in multiple states distinguished primarily by differences in slide. Similarly, all the surrounding ions are seen to fractionally occupy discrete competing and overlapping sites. And finally, the vast majority of water molecules show strong evidence of multiple competing sites. Conventional resolution appears to give a false sense of homogeneity in conformation and interactions of DNA. In addition, conventional resolution yields an average structure that is not accurate, in that it is different from any of the multiple discrete structures observed at high resolution. Because base pair positional heterogeneity has not always been incorporated into model-building, even some high and ultrahigh-resolution structures of DNA do not indicate the full extent of conformational polymorphism.

Maehigashi, Tatsuya; Hsiao, Chiaolong; Woods, Kristen Kruger; Moulaei, Tinoush; Hud, Nicholas V.; Williams, Loren Dean (GIT)

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

342

STUDYING INTERCLUSTER GALAXY FILAMENTS THROUGH STACKING gmBCG GALAXY CLUSTER PAIRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a method to study the photometric properties of galaxies in filaments by stacking the galaxy populations between pairs of galaxy clusters. Using Sloan Digital Sky Survey data, this method can detect the intercluster filament galaxy overdensity with a significance of {approx}5{sigma} out to z = 0.40. Using this approach, we study the g - r color and luminosity distribution of filament galaxies as a function of redshift. Consistent with expectation, filament galaxies are bimodal in their color distribution and contain a larger blue galaxy population than clusters. Filament galaxies are also generally fainter than cluster galaxies. More interestingly, the observed filament population seems to show redshift evolution at 0.12 < z < 0.40: the blue galaxy fraction has a trend to increase at higher redshift; such evolution is parallel to the ''Butcher-Oemler effect'' of galaxy clusters. We test the dependence of the observed filament density on the richness of the cluster pair: richer clusters are connected by higher density filaments. We also test the spatial dependence of filament galaxy overdensity: this quantity decreases when moving away from the intercluster axis between a cluster pair. This method provides an economical way to probe the photometric properties of filament galaxies and should prove useful for upcoming projects like the Dark Energy Survey.

Zhang Yuanyuan; Dietrich, Joerg P.; McKay, Timothy A.; Nguyen, Alex T. Q. [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Sheldon, Erin S. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

343

Exchange-correlation energy from pairing matrix fluctuation and the particle-particle random phase approximation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite their unmatched success for many applications, commonly used local, semi-local, and hybrid density functionals still face challenges when it comes to describing long-range interactions, static correlation, and electron delocalization. Density functionals of both the occupied and virtual orbitals are able to address these problems. The particle-hole (ph-) Random Phase Approximation (RPA), a functional of occupied and virtual orbitals, has recently known a revival within the density functional theory community. Following up on an idea introduced in our recent communication [H. van Aggelen, Y. Yang, and W. Yang, Phys. Rev. A 88, 030501 (2013)], we formulate more general adiabatic connections for the correlation energy in terms of pairing matrix fluctuations described by the particle-particle (pp-) propagator. With numerical examples of the pp-RPA, the lowest-order approximation to the pp-propagator, we illustrate the potential of density functional approximations based on pairing matrix fluctuations. The pp-RPA is size-extensive, self-interaction free, fully anti-symmetric, describes the strong static correlation limit in H{sub 2}, and eliminates delocalization errors in H{sub 2}{sup +} and other single-bond systems. It gives surprisingly good non-bonded interaction energies – competitive with the ph-RPA – with the correct R{sup ?6} asymptotic decay as a function of the separation R, which we argue is mainly attributable to its correct second-order energy term. While the pp-RPA tends to underestimate absolute correlation energies, it gives good relative energies: much better atomization energies than the ph-RPA, as it has no tendency to underbind, and reaction energies of similar quality. The adiabatic connection in terms of pairing matrix fluctuation paves the way for promising new density functional approximations.

Aggelen, Helen van [Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Ghent University, Ghent (Belgium) [Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Ghent University, Ghent (Belgium); Department of Chemistry, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States); Yang, Yang [Department of Chemistry, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States); Yang, Weitao [Department of Chemistry and Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States)

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

344

Vacuum Potentials for the Two Only Permanent Free Particles, Proton and Electron. Pair Productions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The two only species of isolatable, smallest, or unit charges +e and -e present in nature interact with the universal vacuum in a polarisable dielectric representation through two uniquely defined vacuum potential functions. All of the non-composite subatomic particles containing one-unit charges, +e or -e, are therefore formed in terms of the IED model of the respective charges, of zero rest masses, oscillating in either of the two unique vacuum potential fields, together with the radiation waves of their own charges. In this paper we give a first principles treatment of the dynamics of charge in a dielectric vacuum, based on which, combined with solutions for the radiation waves obtained previously, we subsequently derive the vacuum potential function for a given charge q, which we show to be quadratic and consist each of quantised potential levels, giving therefore rise to quantised characteristic oscillation frequencies of the charge and accordingly quantised, sharply-defined masses of the IED particles. By further combining with relevant experimental properties as input information, we determine the IED particles built from the charges +e,-e at their first excited states in the respective vacuum potential wells to be the proton and the electron, the observationally two only stable (permanently lived) and "free" particles containing one-unit charges. Their antiparticles as produced in pair productions can be accordingly determined. The characteristics of all of the other more energetic non-composite subatomic particles can also be recognised. We finally discuss the energy condition for pair production, which requires two successive energy supplies to (1) first disintegrate the bound pair of vaculeon charges +e,-e composing a vacuuon of the vacuum and (2) impart masses to the disintegrated charges.

J. X. Zheng-Johansson

2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

345

Narrow Band Source of Transform-Limited Photon Pairs via Four-Wave Mixing in a Cold Atomic Ensemble  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We observe narrowband pairs of time-correlated photons of wavelengths 776\\,nm and 795\\,nm from non-degenerate four-wave mixing in a laser-cooled atomic ensemble of $^{87}${Rb} using a cascade decay scheme. Coupling the photon pairs into single mode fibers, we observe an instantaneous rate of 7700 pairs per second with silicon avalanche photodetectors, and an optical bandwidth below 30\\,MHz. Detection events exhibit a strong correlation in time ($g^{(2)}(\\tau=0)\\approx5800$), and a high coupling efficiency indicated by a pair-to-single ratio of 23%. The violation of the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality by a factor of $8.4\\times10^6$ indicates a strong non-classical correlation between the generated fields, while a Hanbury--Brown--Twiss experiment in the individual photons reveals their thermal nature. The narrow bandwidth and brightness of our source makes it ideal for interacting with atomic ensembles in quantum communication protocols.

Bharath Srivathsan; Gurpreet Kaur Gulati; Chng Mei Yuen Brenda; Gleb Maslennikov; Dzmitry Matsukevich; Christian Kurtsiefer

2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

346

Fermion Pair Production From an Electric Field Varying in Two Dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hamiltonian describing fermion pair production from an arbitrarily time-varying electric field in two dimensions is studied using a group-theoretic approach. We show that this Hamiltonian can be encompassed by two, commuting SU(2) algebras, and that the two-dimensional problem can therefore be reduced to two one-dimensional problems. We compare the group structure for the two-dimensional problem with that previously derived for the one-dimensional problem, and verify that the Schwinger result is obtained under the appropriate conditions.

J. E. Seger; A. B. Balantekin

1995-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

347

On the Vlasov equation for Schwinger pair production in a time-dependent electric field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Schwinger pair creation in a purely time-dependent electric field can be described through a quantum Vlasov equation describing the time evolution of the single-particle momentum distribution function. This equation exists in two versions, both of which can be derived by a Bogoliubov transformation, but whose equivalence is not obvious. For the spinless case, we show here that the difference between these two evolution equations corresponds to the one between the "in-out" and "in-in" formalisms. We give a simple relation between the asymptotic distribution functions generated by the two Vlasov equations. As examples we discuss the Sauter and single-soliton field cases.

Adolfo Huet; Sang Pyo Kim; Christian Schubert

2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

348

Reduced effect of impurities on the universal pairing scale in the cuprates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are pair breaking for unconventional superconductors. In near-optimally doped cuprates, concentrations of dopants are quite substantial, and potential random scattering off dopants could significantly reduce T #1;. At weak coupling, which in our case... corresponds to small u and #1;#6;a, nonmagnetic impurities in a d-wave superconductor suppress T #1; in the same way as magnetic impurities in a BCS superconductor and T #1; is given by Abrikosov-Gorkov #1;AG#2; formula6 log T 0#1; /T #1;=#7;#1;1 /2 +#3...

Vorontsov, A. B.; Abanov, Artem; Vavilov, M. G.; Chubukov, A. V.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Evidence for a Transverse Single-Spin Asymmetry in Leptoproduction of $\\pi^{+} \\pi^{-}$ Pairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A single-spin asymmetry was measured in the azimuthal distribution of $\\pi^{+} \\pi^{-}$ pairs produced in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering on a transversely polarized hydrogen target. For the first time, evidence is found for a correlation between the transverse target polarization and the azimuthal orientation of the plane containing the two pions.The corresponding single-spin asymmetry is expected to be related to the product of the little-known quark transversity distribution function and an unknown naive-T-odd chiral-odd dihadron fragmentation function.

Airapetian, A; Akopov, Z; Andrus, A; Aschenauer, E C; Augustyniak, W; Avakian, R; Avetisian, A; Avetissian, E; Bacchetta, A; Barion, L; Belostotskii, S; Bianchi, N; Blok, H P; Bttcher, H; Bonomo, C; Borisov, A; Borysenko, A; Brüll, A; Capiluppi, M; Capitani, G P; Cisbani, E; Ciullo, G; Bryzgalov, V; Contalbrigo, M; Dalpiaz, P F; Deconinck, W; De Leo, R; Demey, M; De Nardo, L; De Sanctis, E; Devitsin, E; Diefenthaler, M; Di Nezza, P; Dreschler, J; Düren, M; Ehrenfried, M; Elbakian, G; Ellinghaus, F; Elschenbroich, U; Elalaoui-Moulay, A; Fabbri, R; Fantoni, A; Felawka, L; Frullani, S; Funel, A; Gapienko, G; Gapienko, V; Garibaldi, F; Gavrilov, G; Karibian, V; Giordano, F; Grebenyuk, O; Gregor, I M; Griffioen, K; Guler, H; Hadjidakis, C; Hartig, M; Hasch, D; Hasegawa, T; Hesselink, W H A; Hill, G; Hillenbrand, A; Hoek, M; Holler, Y; Hommez, B; Hristova, I; Iarygin, G; Imazu, Y; Ivanilov, A; Izotov, A; Jackson, H E; Jgoun, A; Kaiser, R; Keri, T; Kinney, E; Kiselev, A; Kobayashi, T; Kopytin, M; Korotkov, V; Kozlov, V; Krauss, B; Kravchenko, P; Krivokhizhin, V G; Lagamba, L; Lapiks, L; Lenisa, P; Linden-Levy, L A; Lorenzon, W; Lu, S; Lü, X; Ma, B Q; Liebing, P; Maiheu, B; Makins, N C R; Mao, Y; Marianski, B; Marukyan, H; Mexner, V; Miller, C A; Miyachi, Y; Muccifora, V; Murray, M; Nagaitsev, A; Nappi, E; Naryshkin, Yu; Negodaev, M; Nowak, W D; Osborne, A; Pappalardo, L L; Perez-Benito, R; Pickert, N; Raithel, M; Reggiani, D; Reimer, P E; Reischl, A; Reolon, A R; Riedl, C; Rith, K; Rock, S E; Rosner, G; Rostomyan, A; Rubacek, L; Rubin, J; Ryckbosch, D; Salomatin, Y; Sanjiev, I; Schäfer, A; Schnell, G; Schüler, K P; Seitz, B; Shearer, C; Shibata, T A; Shutov, V; Stancari, M; Statera, M; Steffens, E; Steijger, J J M; Stenzel, H; Stewart, J; Stinzing, F; Streit, J; Tait, P; Taroian, S; Tchuiko, B; Terkulov, A; Trzcinski, A; Tytgat, M; Vandenbroucke, A; Van der Nat, P B; van der Steenhoven, G; Van Haarlem, Y; van Hulse, C; Veretennikov, D; Vikhrov, V; Vogel, C; Wang, S; Ye, Y; Ye, Z; Yen, S; Zeiler, D; Zihlmann, B; Zupranski, P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Neutron blocking and delayed proton pair alignment in superdeformed {sup 195}Pb  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Four new superdeformed bands have been observed in {sup 195}Pb, the first time superdeformation has been observed in an odd-{ital A} Pb nucleus. Two of the bands have a dynamic moment of inertia that is nearly constant as a function of {h_bar}{omega}. This is the first time that bands with such behavior have been observed in an odd-{ital A} nucleus in the {ital A}{approx}190 region and it is interpreted as the result of the blocking of the alignment of neutron pairs.

Farris, L.P.; Henry, E.A.; Becker, J.A.; Brinkman, M.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Cederwall, B. [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Cizewski, J.A. [Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901 (United States)] [Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901 (United States); Deleplanque, M.A.; Diamond, R.M. [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Draper, J.E.; Duyar, C. [University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States)] [University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Fallon, P. [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Hughes, J.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Kelly, W.H. [Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50010 (United States)] [Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50010 (United States); Lee, I.Y.; Macchiavelli, A.O. [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Rubel, E.C. [University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States)] [University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Stephens, F.S. [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Stoyer, M.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Vo, D.T. [Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50010 (United States)] [Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50010 (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

d sigma/dy Distribution of Drell-Yan Dielectron Pairs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report on the measurement of the rapidity distribution, d{sigma}/dY, over the full kinematic range for e{sup +}e{sup -} pairs produced in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV in the Z boson region of 66 < M{sub ee} < 116 GeV/c{sup 2}. The data sample consists of 1.1 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV taken by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). The d{sigma}/dy is compared with the NLO theory prediction.

Han, Jiyeon; Bodek, A.; Sakumoto, W.; Chung, Y.; /Rochester U.

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Electron pair emission detected by time-of-flight spectrometers: Recent progress  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results for electron coincidence spectroscopy using two time-of-flight (ToF) spectrometers. Excited by electron impact, the energy and momentum distribution of electron pairs emitted from the Cu(111) surface are resolved and a spectral feature related to the Shockley surface state is identified. By combining the two ToF spectrometers with a high-order harmonic generation light source, we demonstrate double photoemission spectroscopy in the laboratory that required synchrotron radiation in the past. Utilizing this setup, we report results for (?,2e) on NiO(001) on Ag(001) excited with light at 30?eV photon energy.

Huth, Michael; Schumann, Frank O. [Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Weinberg 2, D-06120 Halle (Germany); Chiang, Cheng-Tien; Trützschler, Andreas; Kirschner, Jürgen [Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Weinberg 2, D-06120 Halle (Germany); Institute of Physics, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Von-Danckelmann-Platz 3, D-06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Widdra, Wolf [Institute of Physics, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Von-Danckelmann-Platz 3, D-06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Weinberg 2, D-06120 Halle (Germany)

2014-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

353

Lyapunov Exponent Pairing for a Thermostatted Hard-Sphere Gas under Shear in the Thermodynamic Limit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate why for a sheared gas of hard spheres, described by the SLLOD equations with an iso-kinetic Gaussian thermostat in between collisions, deviations of the conjugate pairing rule for the Lyapunov spectrum are to be expected, employing a previous result that for a large number of particles $N$, the iso-kinetic Gaussian thermostat is equivalent to a constant friction thermostat, up to $1/\\sqrt{N}$ fluctuations. We also show that these deviations are at most of the order of the fourth power in the shear rate.

Debabrata Panja; Ramses van Zon

2002-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Finite Size Effects on the Real-Space Pair Distribution Function of Nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pair distribution function (PDF) method is a powerful approach for the analysis of the structure of nanoparticles. An important approximation used in nanoparticle PDF simulations is the incorporation of a form factor describing nanoparticle size and shape. The precise effect of the form factor on the PDF is determined by both particle shape and structure if these characteristics are both anisotropic and correlated. The correct incorporation of finite size effects is important for distinguishing and quantifying the structural consequences of small particle size in nanomaterials.

Gilbert, Benjamin

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Search for first generation leptoquark pair production in the electron + missing energy + jets final state  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We present a search for the pair production of first generation scalar leptoquarks (LQ) in data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.4 fb-1 collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider in pp? collisions at ?s = 1.96 TeV. In the channel LQLQ ? eq?eq?, where q,q? are u or d quarks, no significant excess of data over background is observed, and we set a 95% C.L. lower limit of 326 GeV on the leptoquark mass, assuming equal probabilities of leptoquark decays to eq and ?eq?.

Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; Abbott, Braden Keim; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; Adams, Mark Raymond; Adams, Todd; Alexeev, Guennadi D.; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; Alton, Andrew K.; Alverson, George O.; Alves, Gilvan Augusto; Aoki, Masato

2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

356

Search for first generation leptoquark pair production in the electron + missing energy + jets final state  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a search for the pair production of first generation scalar leptoquarks (LQ) in data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.4 fb-1 collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider in pp? collisions at ?s = 1.96 TeV. In the channel LQLQ ? eq?eq?, where q,q? are u or d quarks, no significant excess of data over background is observed, and we set a 95% C.L. lower limit of 326 GeV on the leptoquark mass, assuming equal probabilities of leptoquark decays to eq and ?eq?.

Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; Abbott, Braden Keim; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; Adams, Mark Raymond; Adams, Todd; Alexeev, Guennadi D.; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; Alton, Andrew K.; Alverson, George O.; Alves, Gilvan Augusto; Aoki, Masato

2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

357

Temporal Loop Multiplexing: A resource efficient scheme for multiplexed photon-pair sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single photons are a vital resource for photonic quantum information processing. However, even state-of-the-art single photon sources based on photon-pair generation and heralding detection have only a low probability of delivering a single photon when one is requested. We analyse a scheme that uses a switched fibre delay loop to increase the delivery probability per time bin of single photons from heralded sources. We show that, for realistic experimental parameters, combining the output of up to 15 pulses can yield a performance improvement of a factor of 10. We consider the future performance of this scheme with likely component improvements.

Francis-Jones, Robert J A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Non-empirical nuclear energy functionals, pairing gaps and odd-even mass differences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

First, we briefly outline some aspects of the starting project to design non-empirical energy functionals based on low-momentum vacuum interactions and many-body perturbation theory. Second, we present results obtained within an approximation of such a scheme where the pairing part of the energy density functional is constructed at first order in the nuclear plus Coulomb two-body interaction. We discuss in detail the physics of the odd-even mass staggering and the necessity to compute actual odd-even mass differences to analyze it meaningfully.

T. Duguet; T. Lesinski

2009-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

359

Search for pair production of the scalar top quark in muon+tau final states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a search for the pair production of scalar top quarks ($\\tilde{t}_{1}$), the lightest supersymmetric partners of the top quarks, in $p\\bar{p}$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV, using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of {7.3 $fb^{-1}$} collected with the \\dzero experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Each scalar top quark is assumed to decay into a $b$ quark, a charged lepton, and a scalar neutrino ($\\tilde{\

D0 Collaboration; V. M. Abazov; B. Abbott; B. S. Acharya; M. Adams; T. Adams; G. D. Alexeev; G. Alkhazov; A. Alton; G. Alverson; M. Aoki; A. Askew; B. Asman; S. Atkins; O. Atramentov; K. Augsten; C. Avila; J. BackusMayes; F. Badaud; L. Bagby; B. Baldin; D. V. Bandurin; S. Banerjee; E. Barberis; P. Baringer; J. Barreto; J. F. Bartlett; U. Bassler; V. Bazterra; A. Bean; M. Begalli; C. Belanger-Champagne; L. Bellantoni; S. B. Beri; G. Bernardi; R. Bernhard; I. Bertram; M. Besancon; R. Beuselinck; V. A. Bezzubov; P. C. Bhat; S. Bhatia; V. Bhatnagar; G. Blazey; S. Blessing; K. Bloom; A. Boehnlein; D. Boline; E. E. Boos; G. Borissov; T. Bose; A. Brandt; O. Brandt; R. Brock; G. Brooijmans; A. Bross; D. Brown; J. Brown; X. B. Bu; M. Buehler; V. Buescher; V. Bunichev; S. Burdin; T. H. Burnett; C. P. Buszello; B. Calpas; E. Camacho-Perez; M. A. Carrasco-Lizarraga; B. C. K. Casey; H. Castilla-Valdez; S. Chakrabarti; D. Chakraborty; K. M. Chan; A. Chandra; E. Chapon; G. Chen; S. Chevalier-Thery; D. K. Cho; S. W. Cho; S. Choi; B. Choudhary; S. Cihangir; D. Claes; J. Clutter; M. Cooke; W. E. Cooper; M. Corcoran; F. Couderc; M. -C. Cousinou; A. Croc; D. Cutts; A. Das; G. Davies; S. J. de Jong; E. De La Cruz-Burelo; F. Deliot; R. Demina; D. Denisov; S. P. Denisov; S. Desai; C. Deterre; K. DeVaughan; H. T. Diehl; M. Diesburg; P. F. Ding; A. Dominguez; T. Dorland; A. Dubey; L. V. Dudko; D. Duggan; A. Duperrin; S. Dutt; A. Dyshkant; M. Eads; D. Edmunds; J. Ellison; V. D. Elvira; Y. Enari; H. Evans; A. Evdokimov; V. N. Evdokimov; G. Facini; T. Ferbel; F. Fiedler; F. Filthaut; W. Fisher; H. E. Fisk; M. Fortner; H. Fox; S. Fuess; A. Garcia-Bellido; G. A. Garcia-Guerra; V. Gavrilov; P. Gay; W. Geng; D. Gerbaudo; C. E. Gerber; Y. Gershtein; G. Ginther; G. Golovanov; A. Goussiou; P. D. Grannis; S. Greder; H. Greenlee; Z. D. Greenwood; E. M. Gregores; G. Grenier; Ph. Gris; J. -F. Grivaz; A. Grohsjean; S. Grunendahl; M. W. Grunewald; T. Guillemin; G. Gutierrez; P. Gutierrez; A. Haas; S. Hagopian; J. Haley; L. Han; K. Harder; A. Harel; J. M. Hauptman; J. Hays; T. Head; T. Hebbeker; D. Hedin; H. Hegab; A. P. Heinson; U. Heintz; C. Hensel; I. Heredia-De La Cruz; K. Herner; G. Hesketh; M. D. Hildreth; R. Hirosky; T. Hoang; J. D. Hobbs; B. Hoeneisen; M. Hohlfeld; Z. Hubacek; V. Hynek; I. Iashvili; Y. Ilchenko; R. Illingworth; A. S. Ito; S. Jabeen; M. Jaffre; D. Jamin; A. Jayasinghe; R. Jesik; K. Johns; M. Johnson; A. Jonckheere; P. Jonsson; J. Joshi; A. W. Jung; A. Juste; K. Kaadze; E. Kajfasz; D. Karmanov; P. A. Kasper; I. Katsanos; R. Kehoe; S. Kermiche; N. Khalatyan; A. Khanov; A. Kharchilava; Y. N. Kharzheev; J. M. Kohli; A. V. Kozelov; J. Kraus; S. Kulikov; A. Kumar; A. Kupco; T. Kurca; V. A. Kuzmin; S. Lammers; G. Landsberg; P. Lebrun; H. S. Lee; S. W. Lee; W. M. Lee; J. Lellouch; H. Li; L. Li; Q. Z. Li; S. M. Lietti; J. K. Lim; D. Lincoln; J. Linnemann; V. V. Lipaev; R. Lipton; Y. Liu; A. Lobodenko; M. Lokajicek; R. Lopes de Sa; H. J. Lubatti; R. Luna-Garcia; A. L. Lyon; A. K. A. Maciel; D. Mackin; R. Madar; R. Magana-Villalba; S. Malik; V. L. Malyshev; Y. Maravin; J. Martinez-Ortega; R. McCarthy; C. L. McGivern; M. M. Meijer; A. Melnitchouk; D. Menezes; P. G. Mercadante; M. Merkin; A. Meyer; J. Meyer; F. Miconi; N. K. Mondal; G. S. Muanza; M. Mulhearn; E. Nagy; M. Naimuddin; M. Narain; R. Nayyar; H. A. Neal; J. P. Negret; P. Neustroev; S. F. Novaes; T. Nunnemann; G. Obrant; J. Orduna; N. Osman; J. Osta; G. J. Otero y Garzon; M. Padilla; A. Pal; N. Parashar; V. Parihar; S. K. Park; R. Partridge; N. Parua; A. Patwa; B. Penning; M. Perfilov; Y. Peters; K. Petridis; G. Petrillo; P. Petroff; R. Piegaia; M. -A. Pleier; P. L. M. Podesta-Lerma; V. M. Podstavkov; P. Polozov; A. V. Popov; M. Prewitt; D. Price; N. Prokopenko; J. Qian; A. Quadt; B. Quinn; M. S. Rangel; K. Ranjan; P. N. Ratoff; I. Razumov; P. Renkel; M. Rijssenbeek; I. Ripp-Baudot; F. Rizatdinova; M. Rominsky; A. Ross; C. Royon; P. Rubinov; R. Ruchti; G. Safronov; G. Sajot; P. Salcido; A. Sanchez-Hernandez; M. P. Sanders; B. Sanghi; A. S. Santos; G. Savage; L. Sawyer; T. Scanlon; R. D. Schamberger; Y. Scheglov; H. Schellman; T. Schliephake; S. Schlobohm; C. Schwanenberger; R. Schwienhorst; J. Sekaric; H. Severini; E. Shabalina; V. Shary; A. A. Shchukin; R. K. Shivpuri; V. Simak; V. Sirotenko; P. Skubic; P. Slattery; D. Smirnov; K. J. Smith; G. R. Snow; J. Snow; S. Snyder; S. Soldner-Rembold; L. Sonnenschein; K. Soustruznik; J. Stark; V. Stolin; D. A. Stoyanova; M. Strauss; D. Strom; L. Stutte; L. Suter; P. Svoisky; M. Takahashi; A. Tanasijczuk; M. Titov; V. V. Tokmenin; Y. -T. Tsai; K. Tschann-Grimm; D. Tsybychev; B. Tuchming; C. Tully; L. Uvarov; S. Uvarov; S. Uzunyan; R. Van Kooten; W. M. van Leeuwen; N. Varelas; E. W. Varnes; I. A. Vasilyev; P. Verdier; L. S. Vertogradov; M. Verzocchi; M. Vesterinen; D. Vilanova; P. Vokac

2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

360

Biexciton emission from single isoelectronic traps formed by nitrogen-nitrogen pairs in GaAs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied photoluminescence (PL) from individual isoelectronic traps formed by nitrogen-nitrogen (NN) pairs in GaAs. Sharp emission lines due to exciton and biexciton were observed from individual isoelectronic traps in nitrogen atomic-layer doped (ALD) GaAs. The binding energy of biexciton bound to individual isoelectronic traps was approximately 8 meV. Both the exciton and biexciton luminescence lines show completely random polarization and no fine-structure splitting. These results are desirable to the application to the quantum cryptography used in the field of quantum information technology.

Takamiya, Kengo; Fukushima, Toshiyuki; Yagi, Shuhei; Hijikata, Yasuto; Yaguchi, Hiroyuki [Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, 255 Shimo-Okubo, Sakura-ku , Saitama 338-8570 (Japan); Mochizuki, Toshimitsu; Yoshita, Masahiro; Akiyama, Hidefumi [Institute for Solid State Physics, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Kuboya, Shigeyuki; Onabe, Kentaro [Department of Advanced Materials Science, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Katayama, Ryuji [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Bound-free pair production cross section in heavy-ion colliders from the equivalent photon approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exact calculations of the electron-positron pair production by a single photon in the Coulomb field of a nucleus with simultaneous capture of the electron into the K-shell are discussed for different nuclear charges. Using the equivalent photon method of Weizsaecker and Williams, a simple expression for the bound-free production of electron-positron pairs by colliding very-high-energy fully stripped heavy ions is derived for nuclei of arbitrary charge.

Andreas Aste

2008-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

362

Electrodynamics of Magnetars III: Pair Creation Processes in an Ultrastrong Magnetic Field and Particle Heating in a Dynamic Magnetosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the details of the QED processes that create electron-positron pairs in magnetic fields approaching and exceeding 10^{14} G. The formation of free and bound pairs is addressed, and the importance of positronium dissociation by thermal X-rays is noted. We calculate the collision cross section between an X-ray and a gamma ray, and point out a resonance in the cross section when the gamma ray is close to the threshold for pair conversion. We also discuss how the pair creation rate in the open-field circuit and the outer magnetosphere can be strongly enhanced by instabilities near the light cylinder. When the current has a strong fluctuating component, a cascade develops. We examine the details of particle heating, and show that a high rate of pair creation can be sustained close to the star, but only if the spin period is shorter than several seconds. The dissipation rate in this turbulent state can easily accommodate the observed radio output of the transient radio-emitting magnetars, and even their infrared emission. Finally, we outline how a very high rate of pair creation on the open magnetic field lines can help to stabilize a static twist in the closed magnetosphere and to regulate the loss of magnetic helicity by reconnection at the light cylinder.

Christopher Thompson

2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

363

Production of e+e- Pairs Accompanied by Nuclear Dissociation in Ultra-peripheral Heavy Ion Collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first data on e{sup +}e{sup -} pair production accompanied by nuclear breakup in ultra-peripheral gold-gold collisions at a center of mass energy of 200 GeV per nucleon pair. The nuclear breakup requirement selects events at small impact parameters, where higher-order corrections to the pair production cross section should be enhanced. We compare the pair kinematic distributions with two calculations: one based on the equivalent photon approximation, and the other using lowest-order quantum electrodynamics (QED); the latter includes the photon virtuality. The cross section, pair mass, rapidity and angular distributions are in good agreement with both calculations. The pair transverse momentum, p{sub T}, spectrum agrees with the QED calculation, but not with the equivalent photon approach. We set limits on higher-order contributions to the cross section. The e{sup +} and e{sup -} p{sub T} spectra are similar, with no evidence for interference effects due to higher-order diagrams.

Adams, J.; Adler, C.; Aggarwal, M.M.; Ahammed, Z.; Allgower, C.; Amonett, J.; Anderson, B.D.; Anderson, M.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G.S.; Bai, Y.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L.S.; Baudot, J.; Bekele, S.; Belaga, V.V.; Bellwied, R.; Berger, J.; Bichsel, H.; Billmeier, A.; Bland, L.C.; Blyth, C.O.; Bonner, B.E.; Boucham, A.; Brandin, A.; Bravar, A.; Cadman, R.V.; Caines, H.; Calderon de la Barca Sanchez, M.; Cardenas, A.; Carroll, J.; Castillo, J.; Castro, M.; Cebra, D.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, Y.; Chernenko, S.P.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Choi, B.; Christie, W.; Coffin, J.P.; Cormier, T.M.; Corral, M.M.; Cramer, J.G.; Crawford, H.J.; Deng, W.S.; Derevschikov, A.A.; Didenko, L.; Dietel, T.; Draper, J.E.; Dunin, V.B.; Dunlop, J.C.; Eckardt, V.; Efimov, L.G.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Fachini, P.; Faine, V.; Faivre, J.; Fatemi, R.; Filimonov, K.; Finch, E.; Fisyak, Y.; Flierl, D.; Foley, K.J.; Fu, J.; Gagliardi, C.A.; Gagunashvili, N.; Gans, J.; Gaudichet, L.; Germain, M.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Grachov, O.; Grigoriev, V.; Guedon, M.; Guertin, S.M.; Gushin, E.; Hallman, T.J.; Hardtke, D.; Harris, J.W.; Heinz, M.; Henry, T.W.; Heppelmann, S.; Herston, T.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffmann, G.W.; Horsley, M.; Huang, H.Z.; Humanic, T.J.; Igo, G.; Ishihara, A.; Ivanshin, Yu.I.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W.W.; Janik, M.; Johnson, I.; Jones, P.G.; Judd, E.G.; Kaneta, M.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klay, J.; Klein, S.R.; Klyachko, A.; Kollegger, T.; Konstantinov, A.; Kopytine, S.M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kovalenko, A.D.; Kramer, M.; Kravtsov, P.; Krueger, K.; Kuhn, C.; Kulikov, A.I.; Kunde, G.J.; Kunz, C.L.; Kutuev, R.K.; Kuznetsov, A.A.; Lamont, M.A.C.; Landgraf, J.M.; Lange, S.; Lansdell, C.P.; Lasiuk, B.; Laue, F.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Leontiev, V.M.; LeVine, M.J.; Li, Q.; Lindenbaum, S.J.; Lisa, M.A.; Liu, F.; Liu, L.; Liu, Z.; et al.

2004-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

364

Charged Higgs and Neutral Higgs pair production of weak gauge bosons fusion process in e+ e- collision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we study the pair production and their decays of the Higges in the neutrinophilic Higgs two doublet model. The pair production occurs through W and Z gauge bosons fusion process. In the neutrinophilic model, the vacuum expectation value (VEV) of the second Higgs doublet is small and is proportional to the neutrino mass. The smallness of VEV is associated with the approximate global U(1) symmetry which is slightly broken. Therefore, there is a suppression factor for the U(1) charge breaking process. The second Higgs doublet has U(1) charge and its single production from the gauge boson fusion violates the U(1) charge conservation and is suppressed strongly to occur. In contrast to the single production, the pair production of the Higgses conserves U(1) charge and the approximate symmetry does not forbid it. To search for the pair productions in collider experiment,we study the production cross section of a pair of the charged Higgs and neutral Higgs bosons in e+ e- collision with center of energy from 600 (GeV) to 2000 (GeV). The total cross section varies from 10^{-4}(fb) to 10^{-3}(fb) for degenerate (200 GeV) charged and neutral Higgses mass case. The background process to the signal is gauge bosons pair W + Z production and their decays. We show the signal over background ratio is about 2% ~ 3% by combining the cross section ratio with ratios of branching fractions.

Takuya Morozumi; Kotaro Tamai

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

365

Search for neutral MSSM Higgs bosons decaying to a pair of tau leptons in pp collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A search for neutral Higgs bosons in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model (MSSM) decaying to tau-lepton pairs in pp collisions is performed, using events recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The dataset corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 24.6 fb$^{?1}$, with 4.9 fb$^{?1}$ at 7 TeV and 19.7 fb$^{?1}$ at 8 TeV. To enhance the sensitivity to neutral MSSM Higgs bosons, the search includes the case where the Higgs boson is produced in association with a b-quark jet. No excess is observed in the tau-lepton-pair invariant mass spectrum. Exclusion limits are presented in the MSSM parameter space for different benchmark scenarios, m$_{h}^{max}$ , m$_{h}^{mod?+}$ , m$_{h}^{mod??}$ , light-stop, light-stau, ?-phobic, and low-m$_{H}$. Upper limits on the cross section times branching fraction for gluon fusion and b-quark associated Higgs boson production are also given.

Khachatryan, V. [Yerevan Physics Institute (Armenia); et al.,

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Interstellar Hydroxyl Masers in the Galaxy. II. Zeeman Pairs and the Galactic Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have identified and classified Zeeman pairs in the survey by Argon, Reid, & Menten of massive star-forming regions with 18 cm (2 Pi 3/2, J = 3/2) OH maser emission. We have found a total of more than 100 Zeeman pairs in more than 50 massive star-forming regions. The magnetic field deduced from the Zeeman splitting has allowed us to assign an overall line-of-sight magnetic field direction to many of the massive star-forming regions. Combining these data with other data sets obtained from OH Zeeman splitting, we have looked for correlations of magnetic field directions between star-forming regions scattered throughout the Galaxy. Our data do not support a uniform, Galactic-scale field direction, nor do we find any strong evidence of magnetic field correlations within spiral arms. However, our data suggest that in the Solar neighborhood the magnetic field outside the Solar circle is oriented clockwise as viewed from the North Galactic Pole, while inside the Solar circle it is oriented counterclockwise. This pattern, including the magnetic field reversal near the Sun, is in agreement with results obtained from pulsar rotation measures.

Vincent L. Fish; Mark J. Reid; Alice L. Argon; Karl M. Menten

2003-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

367

Pair Interaction Potentials of Colloids by Extrapolation of Confocal Microscopy Measurements of Collective Structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method for measuring the pair interaction potential between colloidal particles by extrapolation measurement of collective structure to infinite dilution is presented and explored using simulation and experiment. The method is particularly well suited to systems in which the colloid is fluorescent and refractive index matched with the solvent. The method involves characterizing the potential of mean force between colloidal particles in suspension by measurement of the radial distribution function using 3D direct visualization. The potentials of mean force are extrapolated to infinite dilution to yield an estimate of the pair interaction potential, $U(r)$. We use Monte Carlo (MC) simulation to test and establish our methodology as well as to explore the effects of polydispersity on the accuracy. We use poly-12-hydroxystearic acid-stabilized poly(methyl methacrylate) (PHSA-PMMA) particles dispersed in the solvent dioctyl phthalate (DOP) to test the method and assess its accuracy for three different repulsive systems for which the range has been manipulated by addition of electrolyte.

Christopher R. Iacovella; Reginald R. Rogers; Sharon C. Glotzer; Michael J. Solomon

2010-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

368

Charge-insensitive qubit design derived from the Cooper pair box  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Short dephasing times pose one of the main challenges in realizing a quantum computer. Different approaches have been devised to cure this problem for superconducting qubits, a prime example being the operation of such devices at optimal working points, so-called 'sweet spots.' This latter approach led to significant improvement of T{sub 2} times in Cooper pair box qubits [D. Vion et al., Science 296, 886 (2002)]. Here, we introduce a new type of superconducting qubit called the 'transmon'. Unlike the charge qubit, the transmon is designed to operate in a regime of significantly increased ratio of Josephson energy and charging energy E{sub J}/E{sub C}. The transmon benefits from the fact that its charge dispersion decreases exponentially with E{sub J}/E{sub C}, while its loss in anharmonicity is described by a weak power law. As a result, we predict a drastic reduction in sensitivity to charge noise relative to the Cooper pair box and an increase in the qubit-photon coupling, while maintaining sufficient anharmonicity for selective qubit control. Our detailed analysis of the full system shows that this gain is not compromised by increased noise in other known channels.

Koch, Jens; Yu, Terri M.; Gambetta, Jay; Houck, A. A.; Schuster, D. I.; Majer, J.; Devoret, M. H.; Girvin, S. M.; Schoelkopf, R. J. [Departments of Physics and Applied Physics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 (United States); Blais, Alexandre [Departement de Physique et Regroupement Quebecois sur les Materiaux de Pointe, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, J1K 2R1 (Canada)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

RETIRED A STARS AND THEIR COMPANIONS. VI. A PAIR OF INTERACTING EXOPLANET PAIRS AROUND THE SUBGIANTS 24 SEXTANIS AND HD 200964  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report radial velocity (RV) measurements of the G-type subgiants 24 Sextanis (= HD 90043) and HD 200964. Both are massive, evolved stars that exhibit periodic variations due to the presence of a pair of Jovian planets. Photometric monitoring with the T12 0.80 m APT at Fairborn Observatory demonstrates both stars to be constant in brightness to {<=}0.002 mag, thus strengthening the planetary interpretation of the RV variations. Based on our dynamical analysis of the RV time series, 24 Sex b, c have orbital periods of 452.8 days and 883.0 days, corresponding to semimajor axes 1.333 AU and 2.08 AU, and minimum masses 1.99 M{sub Jup} and 0.86 M{sub Jup}, assuming a stellar mass M{sub *}= 1.54 M{sub sun}. HD 200964 b, c have orbital periods of 613.8 days and 825.0 days, corresponding to semimajor axes 1.601 AU and 1.95 AU, and minimum masses 1.99 M{sub Jup} and 0.90 M{sub Jup}, assuming M{sub *}= 1.44 M{sub sun}. We also carry out dynamical simulations to properly account for gravitational interactions between the planets. Most, if not all, of the dynamically stable solutions include crossing orbits, suggesting that each system is locked in a mean-motion resonance that prevents close encounters and provides long-term stability. The planets in the 24 Sex system likely have a period ratio near 2:1, while the HD 200964 system is even more tightly packed with a period ratio close to 4:3. However, we caution that further RV observations and more detailed dynamical modeling will be required to provide definitive and unique orbital solutions for both cases, and to determine whether the two systems are truly resonant.

Johnson, John Asher [California Institute of Technology, Department of Astrophysics, MC 249-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Payne, Matthew; Ford, Eric B. [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, P.O. Box 112055, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States); Howard, Andrew W.; Marcy, Geoffrey W. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Mail Code 3411, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Clubb, Kelsey I. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA 94132 (United States); Bowler, Brendan P. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Henry, Gregory W. [Center of Excellence in Information Systems, Tennessee State University, 3500 John A. Merritt Boulevard, Box 9501, Nashville, TN 37209 (United States); Fischer, Debra A.; Brewer, John M.; Schwab, Christian [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Reffert, Sabine [ZAH-Landessternwarte, Koenigstuhl 12, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Lowe, Thomas B., E-mail: johnjohn@astro.caltech.edu [UCO/Lick Observatory, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

Hard photo-disintegration of proton pairs in {sup 3}He nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extensive studies of high-energy deuteron photodisintegration over the past two decades have probed the limits of meson-baryon descriptions of nuclei and nuclear reactions. At high energies, photodisintegration cross sections have been shown to scale as a power law in s (the total cm energy squared), which suggests that quarks are the relevant degrees of freedom. In an attempt to more clearly identify the underlying dynamics at play, JLab/Hall A experiment 03-101 measured the hard photodisintegration of {sup 3}He into p-p and p-d pairs at ?{sub c.m.} = 90? and E{sub {gamma}} = 0.8 - 4.7 GeV. The basic idea is that the measurement should be able to test theoretical predictions for the relative size of pp versus pn disintegrations. This document presents data for the energy dependence of the high energy 90? c.m. photodisintegration of {sup3]He: d?/dt(? + {sup3}He ? p + p + n{sub spectator}), and d?/dt(? + {sup 3}He ? p + d). The cross sections were observed to scale as a function of s{sup ?n} where n was found to be 11.1±0.1 and 17.4±0.5 for the two reactions respectively. The degree of scaling found for d#27;{sigma}/dt (? + {sup 3}He ? p + d) is the highest degree of scaling ever observed in a nuclear process. The onset of the observed scaling are at photon energy of 2.2 GeV for the pp breakup and 0.7 GeV for the pd breakup. The magnitude of the invariant cross section for pp pair breakup was found to be dramatically lower than for the breakup of pn pairs and theoretical predictions. At energies below the scaling region, the scaled cross section was found to present a strong energy-dependent structure not observed in the pn breakup. The data indicate a transition from three-nucleon hadronic photodisintegration processes at low energies to two-nucleon quark-dominated photodisintegration processes at high energies.

Ishay Pomerantz

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Ship and satellite observations of chlorophyl stocks in interacting cyclone-anticyclone eddy pairs in the western Gulf of Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When anticyclonic eddies shed by the Loop Current of the Gulf of Mexico reach the western margin of the gulf, they influence the surface circulation over the continental slope and rise. Of particular interest is the generation of cyclone (cold-core)- anticyclone (warm-core) pairs when aging Loop Current eddies interact with the continental margin. In this paper the authors describe the physical and biological characteristics of these cyclone-anticyclone pairs. Their objective was to determine how eddy pairs affect the distribution of phytoplankton in the region and how satellite ocean color measurements are applicable to tracing of the eddies. They present shipboard data collected between 1980 and 1982 on the hydrography, chlorophyll stocks, and nutrient concentrations of eddy pairs in the western Gulf of Mexico and compare these data with coastal zone color scanner (CZCS) images collected during the time frame of the cruises. Surface pigment concentrations followed a seasonal cycle, with low concentrations (0.05-0.1 mg m{sup {minus}3}) found within cyclones and anticyclones from April through early November and higher concentrations (>0.1 mg m{sup {minus}3}) found in the winter. CZCS pigment concentrations were locally high in the flow confluence of cyclone-anticyclone pairs. The CZCS imagery shows that some cyclone-anticyclone geometries transport high-chlorophyll shelf water seaward at least 100-200 km off-shelf. 46 figs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

Biggs, D.C. [Texas A& M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)] [Texas A& M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Mueller-Karger, F.E. [Univ. of South Florida, St. Petersburg, FL (United States)] [Univ. of South Florida, St. Petersburg, FL (United States)

1994-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

372

Calculations on spin-paired species in metal-ammonia solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we show that the spin-paired species in ammonia is consistent with a cluster of two single-electron ammoniated cavity species held together by a cation, also probably solvated. With the electronic part of the wave functions for the ammoniated electron as determined by Newton, the ground-state electronic configuration is a singlet and the singlet-triplet separation is calculated to be about 0.1 eV. The spectrum of the individual cavity species is only shifted by a few hundredths of an electronvolt based on perturbation calculations. These data are consistent with the experimental values recently found by Schindewolf and Werner, who have other data which support the particular species studied in this paper.

Kestner, N.R.; Rao, B.K.; Finley, C.W.

1983-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

373

A Refined Numerical Result on the First Excitation Energy in the Two-Level Pairing Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first excitation energy in the two-level pairing model is investigated in terms of the equilibrium and the small fluctuation around it. The basic idea is an extension of results presented in a previous paper by the present authors. In this investigation, the result obtained in the previous paper plays a central role: At the limit of the weak and the strong interaction strength, the results are in good agreement with the exact one. The former and the latter are calculated in the framework of the $su(2)\\otimes su(1,1)$- and the $su(2)\\otimes su(2)$-coherent state, respectively. On the basis of the above conclusion, the intermediate region for the interaction strength is described in terms of the idea of the interpolation and it is shown that the agreement of the result with the exact one is quite good.

Y. Tsue; C. Providencia; J. da Providencia; M. Yamamura

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

374

Quantum Simulation of Pairing Hamiltonians with Nearest-Neighbor Interacting Qubits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although a universal quantum computer is still far from reach, the tremendous advances in controllable quantum devices, in particular with solid-state systems, make it possible to physically implement "quantum simulators". Quantum simulators are physical setups able to simulate other quantum systems efficiently that are intractable on classical computers. Based on solid-state qubit systems with various types of nearest-neighbor interactions, we propose a complete set of algorithms for simulating pairing Hamiltonians. Fidelity of the target states corresponding to each algorithm is numerically studied. We also compare algorithms designed for different types of experimentally available Hamiltonians and analyze their complexity. Furthermore, we design a measurement scheme to extract energy spectra from the simulators. Our simulation algorithms might be feasible with state-of-the-art technology in solid-state quantum devices.

Zhixin Wang; Xiu Gu; Lian-Ao Wu; Yu-xi Liu

2014-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

375

Orbital dependent nucleonic pairing in the lightest known isotopes of tin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By studying the 109Xe-->105Te-->101Sn superallowed alpha-decay chain, we observe low-lying states in 101Sn, the one-neutron system outside doubly magic 100Sn. We find that the spins of the ground state (J = 7=2) and first excited state (J = 5=2) in 101Sn are reversed with respect to the traditional level ordering postulated for 103Sn and the heavier tin isotopes. Through simple arguments and state-of-the-art shell model calculations we explain this unexpected switch in terms of a transition from the single-particle regime to the collective mode in which orbital-dependent pairing correlations, dominate.

Iain G. Darby; Robert K. Grzywacz; Jon C. Batchelder; Carrol R. Bingham; Lucia Cartegni; Carl J. Gross; Morten Hjorth-Jensen; David T. Joss; Sean N. Liddick; Witold Nazarewicz; Stephen Padgett; Robert D. Page; Thomas Papenbrock; Mustafa M. Rajabali; Jimmy Rotureau; Krzysztof P. Rykaczewski

2010-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

376

Coulomb displacement energies as a probe for nucleon pairing in the $f_{7/2}$ shell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coulomb displacement energies of $T=1/2$ mirror nuclei have been studied via a series of high-precision $Q_\\mathrm{EC}$-value measurements with the double Penning trap mass spectrometer JYFLTRAP. Most recently, the $Q_\\mathrm{EC}$ values of the $f_{7/2}$-shell mirror nuclei $^{45}$V ($Q_\\mathrm{EC}=7123.82(22)$ keV) and $^{49}$Mn ($Q_\\mathrm{EC}=7712.42(24)$ keV) have been measured with an unprecedented precision. The data reveal a 16-keV ($1.6\\sigma$) offset in the adopted Atomic Mass Evaluation 2012 value of $^{49}$Mn suggesting the need for further measurements to verify the breakdown of the quadratic form of the isobaric multiplet mass equation. Precisely measured $Q_\\mathrm{EC}$ values confirm that the pairing effect in the Coulomb energies is quenched when entering the $f_{7/2}$ shell and reaches a minimum in the midshell.

A. Kankainen; T. Eronen; D. Gorelov; J. Hakala; A. Jokinen; V. S. Kolhinen; M. Reponen; J. Rissanen; A. Saastamoinen; V. Sonnenschein; J. Äystö

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

377

Pairing of Lyapunov Exponents for a Hard-Sphere Gas under Shear in the Thermodynamic Limit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a dilute gas of hard spheres under shear. We use one of the predominant models to study this system, namely the SLLOD equations of motion, with an iso-kinetic Gaussian thermostat in between collisions, to get a stationary total peculiar kinetic energy. Based on the previously obtained result that in the non-equilibrium steady state and in case the number of particles $N$ becomes large, the coefficient of dynamical friction representing the iso-kinetic Gaussian thermostat for the SLLOD dynamics fluctuates with $1/\\sqrt{N}$ fluctuations around a fixed value, we show on analytical grounds that for a hard sphere gas at small shear rate and with a large number of spheres, the conjugate pairing of the Lyapunov exponents is expected to be violated at the fourth power of the constant shear rate in the bulk.

Debabrata Panja; Ramses van Zon

2002-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

378

Search for first generation leptoquark pair production in the electron + missing energy + jets final state  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a search for the pair production of first generation scalar leptoquarks (LQ) in data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.4 fb{sup -1} collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider in pp collisions at {radical}(s)=1.96 TeV. In the channel LQLQ{yields}eq{nu}{sub e}q{sup '}, where q, q{sup '} are u or d quarks, no significant excess of data over background is observed, and we set a 95% C.L. lower limit of 326 GeV on the LQ mass, assuming equal probabilities of LQ decays to eq and {nu}{sub e}q{sup '}.

Abazov, V. M.; Alexeev, G. D.; Golovanov, G.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Malyshev, V. L.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Vertogradov, L. S.; Yatsunenko, Y. A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Abbott, B.; Gutierrez, P.; Jayasinghe, A.; Severini, H.; Skubic, P.; Strauss, M.; Svoisky, P. [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Acharya, B. S.; Banerjee, S.; Mondal, N. K. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (India); Adams, M.; Bazterra, V. [University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Collective Cooper-pair transport in the insulating state of Josephson-junction arrays.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate collective Cooper-pair transport of one- and two-dimensional Josephson-junction arrays. We derive an analytical expression for the current-voltage characteristic revealing thermally activated conductivity at small voltages and threshold voltage depinning. The activation energy and the related depinning voltage represent a dynamic Coulomb barrier for collective charge transfer over the whole system and scale with the system size. We show that both quantities are nonmonotonic functions of the magnetic field. We propose that formation of the dynamic Coulomb barrier and its size scaling are consequences of the mutual Josephson phase synchronization across the system. We apply the results for interpretation of experimental data in disordered films near the superconductor-insulator transition.

Fistul, M. V.; Vinokur, V. M.; Baturina, T. I.; Materials Science Division; Ruhr-Univ. Bochum; Inst. Semiconductor Physics

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Search for Light Resonances Decaying into Pairs of Muons as a Signal of New Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A search for groups of collimated muons is performed using a data sample collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC, at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35 inverse picobarns. The analysis searches for production of new low-mass states decaying into pairs of muons and is designed to achieve high sensitivity to a broad range of models predicting leptonic jet signatures. With no excess observed over the background expectation, upper limits on the production cross section times branching fraction times acceptance are set, ranging from 0.1 to 0.5 pb at the 95% CL depending on event topology. In addition, the results are interpreted in several benchmark models in the context of supersymmetry with a new light dark sector exploring previously inaccessible parameter space.

Chatrchyan, S. [Yerevan Physics Institute(Armenia)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Molecular Hydrogen Formation from Proximal Glycol Pairs on TiO2(110)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding hydrogen formation on TiO2 surfaces is of great importance as it could provide fundamental insight into water splitting for hydrogen production using solar energy. In this work, hydrogen formation from glycols having different numbers of methyl end-groups have been studied using temperature pro-grammed desorption on reduced, hydroxylated, and oxidized TiO2(110) surfaces. The results from OD-labeled glycols demon-strate that gas-phase molecular hydrogen originates exclusively from glycol hydroxyl groups. The yield is controlled by a combi-nation of glycol coverage, steric hindrance, TiO2(110) order and the amount of subsurface charge. Combined, these results show that proximal pairs of hydroxyl aligned glycol molecules and subsurface charge are required to maximize the yield of this redox reaction. These findings highlight the importance of geometric and electronic effects in hydrogen formation from adsorbates on TiO2(110).

Chen, Long; Li, Zhenjun; Smith, R. Scott; Kay, Bruce D.; Dohnalek, Zdenek

2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

382

Integrable Gross-Neveu models with fermion-fermion and fermion-antifermion pairing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The massless Gross-Neveu and chiral Gross-Neveu models are well known examples of integrable quantum field theories in 1+1 dimensions. We address the question whether integrability is preserved if one either replaces the four-fermion interaction in fermion-antifermion channels by a dual interaction in fermion-fermion channels, or if one adds such a dual interaction to an existing integrable model. The relativistic Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach is adequate to deal with the large N limit of such models. In this way, we construct and solve three integrable models with Cooper pairing. We also identify a candidate for a fourth integrable model with maximal kinematic symmetry, the "perfect" Gross-Neveu model. This type of field theories can serve as exactly solvable toy models for color superconductivity in quantum chromodynamics.

Michael Thies

2014-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

383

CP violation and electric-dipole-moment at low energy tau-pair production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CP violation at low energy is investigated at the tau electromagnetic vertex. High statistics at B factories, and on top of the Upsilon resonances, allows a detailed investigation of CP-odd observables related to the tau-pair production. The contribution of the tau electric dipole moment is considered in detail. We perform an analysis independent from the high energy data by means of correlation and linear spin observables at low energy. We show that different CP-odd asymmetries, associated to the normal-transverse and normal-longitudinal correlation terms can be measured at low energy accelerators, both at resonant and non resonant energies. These observables allow to put stringent and independent bounds to the tau electric dipole moment that are competitive with other high or low energy results.

J. Bernabeu; G. A. Gonzalez-Sprinberg; J. Vidal

2004-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

384

Search for the associated production of the Higgs boson with a top-quark pair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for the standard model Higgs boson produced in association with a top-quark pair (t tbar H) is presented, using data samples corresponding to integrated luminosities of up to 5.1 inverse femtobarns and 19.7 inverse femtobarns collected in pp collisions at center-of-mass energies of 7 TeV and 8 TeV respectively. The search is based on the following signatures of the Higgs boson decay: H to hadrons, H to photons, and H to leptons. The results are characterized by an observed t tbar H signal strength relative to the standard model cross section, mu = sigma/sigma[SM], under the assumption that the Higgs boson decays as expected in the standard model. The best fit value is mu = 2.8 +/- 1.0 for a Higgs boson mass of 125.6 GeV.

CMS Collaboration

2014-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

385

Top pair production at a future $e^+e^-$ machine in a composite Higgs scenario  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The top quark plays a central role in many New Physics scenarios and in understanding the details of Electro-Weak Symmetry Breaking. In the short- and mid-term future, top-quark studies will mainly be driven by the experiments at the Large Hadron Collider. Exploration of top quarks will, however, be an integral part of particle physics studies at any future facility and an $e^+ e^-$ collider will have a very comprehensive top-quark physics program. We discuss the possibilities of testing NP in the top-quark sector within a composite Higgs scenario through deviations from the Standard Model in top pair production for different Centre-of-Mass energy options of a future $e^+e^-$ machine. In particular, we focus on precision studies of the top-quark sector at a CM energy ranging from 370 GeV up to 3 TeV.

Barducci, Daniele; Moretti, Stefano; Pruna, Giovanni Marco

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Characterization of measurement uncertainties using the correlations between local outcomes obtained from maximally entangled pairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joint measurements of non-commuting observables are characterized by unavoidable measurement uncertainties that can be described in terms of the error statistics for input states with well-defined values for the target observables. However, a complete characterization of measurement errors must include the correlations between the errors of the two observables. Here, we show that these correlations appear in the experimentally observable measurement statistics obtained by performing the joint measurement on maximally entangled pairs. For two-level systems, the results indicate that quantum theory requires imaginary correlations between the measurement errors of X and Y since these correlations are represented by the operator product XY=iZ in the measurement operators. Our analysis thus reveals a directly observable consequence of non-commutativity in the statistics of quantum measurements.

Shota Kino; Taiki Nii; Holger F. Hofmann

2015-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

387

Multi-range free-electron laser with a pair of dielectric multilayer mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the experimental achievement of a free-electron laser in three wavelength regions, mid-infrared, near-infrared, and visible, using a pair of dielectric multilayer mirrors in the storage ring NIJI-IV. Dielectric multilayer mirrors can have high reflectivity at wavelength regions corresponding to higher-diffraction orders of the target wavelength. A narrowing of the relative bandwidth of the dielectric multilayer mirrors was observed in the higher-diffraction orders of the target wavelength and was found to be caused by high diffraction and carbon contamination. Our experimental results will be applied to development of a multi-rang laser that have a gain in a wade wavelength region.

Sei, Norihiro; Ogawa, Hiroshi; Yamada, Kawakatsu [Research Institute of Instrumentation Frontier, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Photoassociation of a cold-atom-molecule pair: Long-range quadrupole-quadrupole interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The general formalism of the multipolar expansion of electrostatic interactions is applied to the calculation of the potential energy between an excited atom (without fine structure) and a ground-state diatomic molecule at large mutual separations. Both partners exhibit a permanent quadrupole moment so that their mutual long-range interaction is dominated by a quadrupole-quadrupole term, which is attractive enough to bind trimers. Numerical results are given for an excited Cs(6{sup 2}P) atom and a ground-state Cs{sub 2} molecule. The prospects for achieving photoassociation of a cold-atom-dimer pair are thus discussed and found promising. The formalism can be generalized to the long-range interaction between molecules to investigate the formation of cold tetramers.

Lepers, M.; Dulieu, O. [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, UPR3321, Batiment 505, Universite Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Kokoouline, V. [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, UPR3321, Batiment 505, Universite Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Pair of null gravitating shells II. Canonical theory and embedding variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study of the two shell system started in our first paper ``Pair of null gravitating shells I'' (gr-qc/0112060) is continued. An action functional for a single shell due to Louko, Whiting and Friedman is generalized to give appropriate equations of motion for two and, in fact, any number of spherically symmetric null shells, including the cases when the shells intersect. In order to find the symplectic structure for the space of solutions described in paper I, the pull back to the constraint surface of the Liouville form determined by the action is transformed into new variables. They consist of Dirac observables, embeddings and embedding momenta (the so-called Kucha\\v{r} decomposition). The calculation includes the integration of a set of coupled partial differential equations. A general method of solving the equations is worked out.

P. Hajicek; I. Kouletsis

2001-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

390

Conformal Transformations and Strings for an Accelerating Quark-Antiquark Pair in AdS3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From a simple moving open string solution dual to a moving heavy quark with constant velocity in the Poincare AdS_3 spacetime, we construct an accerlerating open string solution dual to a heavy quark-antiquark pair accelerated in opposite directions by performing the three mappings such as the SL(2,R)_L x SL(2,R)_R isometry transformation, the special conformal transformation and the conformal SO(2,2) transformation. Using the string sigma model action we construct two open string solutions staying in two different regions whose dividing line is associated with the event horizon appeared on the string worldsheet and obtain the accelerating open string solution by gluing two such solutions.

Shijong Ryang

2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

391

Large Gap Size Paired-end Library Construction for Second Generation Sequencing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fosmid or BAC end sequencing plays an important role in de novo assembly of large genomes like fungi and plants. However construction and Sanger sequencing of fosmid or BAC libraries are laborious and costly. The current 454 Paired-End (PE) Library and Illumina Jumping Library construction protocols are limited with the gap sizes of approximately 20 kb and 8 kb, respectively. In the attempt to understand the limitations of constructing PE libraries with greater than 30Kb gaps, we have purified 18, 28, 45, and 65Kb sheared DNA fragments from yeast and circularized the ends using the Cre-loxP approach described in the 454 PE Library protocol. With the increasing fragment sizes, we found a general trend of decreasing library quality in several areas. First, redundant reads and reads containing multiple loxP linkers increase when the average fragment size increases. Second, the contamination of short distance pairs (<10Kb) increases as the fragment size increases. Third, chimeric rate increases with the increasing fragment sizes. We have modified several steps to improve the quality of the long span PE libraries. The modification includes (1) the use of special PFGE program to reduce small fragment contamination; (2) the increase of DNA samples in the circularization step and prior to the PCR to reduce redundant reads; and (3) the decrease of fragment size in the double SPRI size selection to get a higher frequency of LoxP linker containing reads. With these modifications we have generated large gap size PE libraries with a much better quality.

Peng, Ze; Hamilton, Matthew; Froula, Jeff; Ewing, Aren; Foster, Brian; Cheng, Jan-Fang

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

392

Chandra Observations of the QSO Pair Q2345+007: Binary Quasar or Massive Dark Lens?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The components of the wide (7.3") separation quasar pair Q2345+007A,B (z=2.15) have the most strikingly similar optical spectra seen to date (Steidel & Sargent 1991) yet no detected lensing mass, making this system the best candidate known for a massive (1e14 Msun) dark matter lens system. Here we present results from a 65ksec Chandra observation designed to investigate whether it is a binary quasar or a gravitational lens. We find no X-ray evidence for a lensing cluster to a (0.5-2keV) flux limit of 2e-15 cgs, which is consistent with lensing only for a reduced baryon fraction. Using the Chandra X-ray observations of the quasars themselves, together with new and published optical measurements, we use the observed emission properties of the quasars for further tests between the lens and binary hypotheses. Assuming similar line-of-sight absorption to the images, we find that their X-ray continuum slopes are inconsistent (Gamma_A=2.30 and Gamma_B=0.83) as are their X-ray to optical flux ratios. The probability that B suffers absorption sufficient to account for these spectral differences is negligible. We present new optical evidence that the flux ratio of the pair is variable, so the time-delay in a lens scenario could cause some of the discrepancies. However, adequately large variations in overall spectral energy distribution are rare in individual QSOs. All new evidence here weighs strongly toward the binary interpretation. Q2345+007 thus may represent the highest redshift example known of interaction-triggered but as-yet unmerged luminous AGN.

Paul J. Green; Chris Kochanek; Aneta Siemiginowska; Dong-Woo Kim; Maxim Markevitch; John Silverman; Anil Dosaj; Buell T. Jannuzi; Chris Smith

2002-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

393

Apparatus And Method For Reducing Drag Of A Bluff Body In Ground Effect Using Counter-Rotating Vortex Pairs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An aerodynamic base drag reduction apparatus and method for bluff bodies, such as tractor-trailer trucks, utilizing a pair of lift surfaces extending to lift surface tips and located alongside the bluff body such as on opposing left and right side surfaces. In a flowstream substantially parallel to the longitudinal centerline of the bluff body, the pair of lift surfaces generate a pair of counter-rotating trailing vortices which confluence together in the wake of the bluff body in a direction orthogonal to the flowstream. The confluence draws or otherwise turns the flowstream, such as the flowstream passing over a top surface of the bluff body, in and around behind a trailing end of the bluff body to raise the pressure on a base surface at the trailing end and thereby reduce the aerodynamic base drag.

Ortega, Jason M. (Pacifica, CA); Salari, Kambiz (Livermore, CA)

2005-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

394

Apparatus And Method For Reducing Drag Of A Bluff Body In Ground Effect Using Counter-Rotating Vortex Pairs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An aerodynamic base drag reduction apparatus and method for bluff bodies, such as tractor-trailer trucks, utilizing a pair of lift surfaces extending to lift surface tips and located alongside the bluff body such as on opposing left and right side surfaces. In a flowstream substantially parallel to the longitudinal centerline of the bluff body, the pair of lift surfaces generate a pair of counter-rotating trailing vortices which confluence together in the wake of the bluff body in a direction orthogonal to the flowstream. The confluence draws or otherwise turns the flowstream, such as the flowstream passing over a top surface of the bluff body, in and around behind a trailing end of the bluff body to raise the pressure on a base surface at the trailing end and thereby reduce the aerodynamic base drag.

Ortega, Jason M. (Pacifica, CA); Sabari, Kambiz (Livermore, CA)

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

395

Complete population transfer in a three-state quantum system by a train of pairs of coincident pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A technique for complete population transfer between the two end states $\\ket{1}$ and $\\ket{3}$ of a three-state quantum system with a train of $N$ pairs of resonant and coincident pump and Stokes pulses is introduced. A simple analytic formula is derived for the ratios of the pulse amplitudes in each pair for which the maximum transient population $P_2(t)$ of the middle state $\\ket{2}$ is minimized, $P_2^{\\max}=\\sin^2(\\pi/4N)$. It is remarkable that, even though the pulses are on exact resonance, $P_2(t)$ is damped to negligibly small values even for a small number of pulse pairs. The population dynamics resembles generalized $\\pi$-pulses for small $N$ and stimulated Raman adiabatic passage for large $N$ and therefore this technique can be viewed as a bridge between these well-known techniques.

Andon A. Rangelov; Nikolay V. Vitanov

2012-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

396

Non-Perturbative Gluon pair production from a Constant Chromo-Electric Field via the Schwinger Mechanism in Arbitrary Gauge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the non-perturbative production of gluon pairs from a constant SU(3) chromo-electric background field via the Schwinger mechanism. We fix the covariant background gauge with an arbitrary gauge parameter \\alpha. We determine the transverse momentum distribution of the gluons, as well as the total probability of creating pairs per unit space time volume. We find that the result is independent of the covariant gauge parameter \\alpha used to define arbitrary covariant background gauges. We find that our non-perturbative result is both gauge invariant and gauge parameter \\alpha independent.

Fred Cooper; Gouranga C. Nayak

2006-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

397

Schwinger Mechanism for Gluon Pair Production in the Presence of Arbitrary Time Dependent Chromo-Electric Field in Arbitrary Gauge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study non-perturbative gluon pair production from arbitrary time dependent chromo-electric field E^a(t) with arbitrary color index a =1,2,...8 via Schwinger mechanism in arbitrary covariant background gauge \\alpha. We show that the probability of non-perturbative gluon pair production per unit time per unit volume per unit transverse momentum \\frac{dW}{d^4xd^2p_T} is independent of gauge fixing parameter \\alpha. Hence the result obtained in the Fynman-'t Hooft gauge, \\alpha=1, is the correct gauge invariant and gauge parameter \\alpha independent result.

Gouranga C Nayak

2009-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

398

Enhancement models of momentum densities of annihilating electron-positron pairs: the many-body picture of natural geminals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The correlated motion of a positron surrounded by electrons is a fundamental many-body problem. We approach this by modeling the momentum density of annihilating electron-positron pairs using the framework of reduced density matrices, natural orbitals and natural geminals (electron-positron pair wave functions) of the quantum theory of many-particle systems. We find that an expression based on the natural geminals provides an exact, unique and compact expression for the momentum density. The natural geminals can be used to define and determine enhancement factors for enhancement models going beyond the independent-particle model for a better understanding of results of positron annihilation experiments.

Ilja Makkonen; Mikko M. Ervasti; Topi Siro; Ari Harju

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

399

Effects of R-parity violating supersymmetry in top pair production at linear colliders with polarized beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the minimal supersymmetric standard model with R-parity violation, the lepton number violating top quark interactions can contribute to the top pair production at a linear collider via tree-level u-channel squark exchange diagrams. We calculate such contributions and find that in the allowed range of these R-violating couplings, the top pair production rate as well as the top quark polarization and the forward-backward asymmetry can be significantly altered. By comparing the unpolarized beams with the polarized beams, we find that the polarized beams are more powerful in probing such new physics.

Xuelei Wang; Jitao Li; Suzhen Liu

2006-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

400

Relativistic Winds from Compact Gamma-Ray Sources: II. Pair Loading and Radiative Acceleration in Gamma-ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the effects of rapid pair creation by an intense pulse of gamma-rays propagating ahead of a relativistic shock. Side-scattered photons colliding with the main gamma-ray beam amplify the density of scattering charges. The acceleration rate of the pair-loaded medium is calculated, and its limiting bulk Lorentz factor related to the spectrum and compactness of the photon source. One obtains, as a result, a definite prediction for the relative inertia in baryons and pairs. The deceleration of a relativistic shock in the moving medium, and the resulting synchrotron emissivity, are compared with existing calculations for a static medium. The radiative efficiency is increased dramatically by pair loading. When the initial ambient density exceeds a critical value, the scattering depth traversed by the main gamma-ray pulse rises above unity, and the pulse is broadened. These considerations place significant constraints on burst progenitors: a pre-burst mass loss rate exceeding 10^{-5} M_\\odot per year is difficult to reconcile with individual pulses narrower than 10 s, unless the radiative efficiency is low. An anisotropic gamma-ray flux (on an angular scale \\Gamma^{-1} or larger) drives a large velocity shear that greatly increases the energy in the seed magnetic field forward of the propagating shock.

Christopher Thompson; Piero Madau

2000-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Improved Beta-Protein Structure Prediction by Multilevel Optimization of NonLocal Strand Pairings and Local  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using backbone torsion-space moves. An iterative, energy-biased resampling strategy is used to exploreImproved Beta-Protein Structure Prediction by Multilevel Optimization of NonLocal Strand Pairings and Local Backbone Conformation Philip Bradley and David Baker* University of Washington, Seattle

Baker, David

402

814revision:2003-09-26modified:2003-09-29 ON THE COGENERATION OF COTORSION PAIRS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

814revision:2003-09-26modified:2003-09-29 ON THE COGENERATION OF COTORSION PAIRS PAUL C. EKLOF modules, then C is cogenerated by a set. We show that () is the best result provable in ZFC in case R has a countable spectrum: the Uniformization Principle UP+ implies that C is not cogenerated by a set whenever C

Shelah, Saharon

403

Modulational instability of two pairs of counter-propagating waves and energy exchange in two-component media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modulational instability of two pairs of counter-propagating waves and energy exchange in two-propagating waves in two-component media is considered within the framework of two generally nonintegrable coupled Sine-Gordon equations. We consider the dynamics of weakly nonlinear wave packets, and using

404

A remeasurement of the 2:4lm spectrum of J 1 H2 pairs in a parahydrogen crystalq  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Note A remeasurement of the 2:4lm spectrum of J ¼ 1 H2 pairs in a parahydrogen crystalq C. Michael near the natural vibrational band centers of H2 (the strongest being the v ¼ 1 0 at $2:4lm

Lindsay, C. Michael

405

Constraints on the Higgs boson width from off-shell production and decay to Z-boson pairs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constraints are presented on the total width of the recently discovered Higgs boson, Gamma[H], using its relative on-shell and off-shell production and decay rates to a pair of Z bosons, where one Z boson decays to an electron or muon pair, and the other to an electron, muon, or neutrino pair. The analysis is based on the data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2011 and 2012, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 5.1 inverse femtobarns at a centre-of-mass energy sqrt(s) = 7 TeV and 19.7 inverse femtobarns at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. A simultaneous maximum likelihood fit to the measured kinematic distributions near the resonance peak and above the Z-boson pair production threshold leads to an upper limit on the Higgs boson width of Gamma[H] < 22 MeV at a 95% confidence level, which is 5.4 times the expected value in the standard model at the measured mass.

CMS Collaboration

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

406

FEATURE ENHANCEMENT USING SPARSE REFERENCE AND ESTIMATED SOFT-MASK EXEMPLAR-PAIRS FOR NOISY SPEECH RECOGNITION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FEATURE ENHANCEMENT USING SPARSE REFERENCE AND ESTIMATED SOFT-MASK EXEMPLAR-PAIRS FOR NOISY SPEECH-robust speech recogni- tion is proposed. Existing sparse exemplar-based feature enhance- ment methods use clean speech recognition [14]. More recently in [13], another feature enhancement scheme is pro

Alwan, Abeer

407

A New Technique for Studying the Fano Factor And the Mean Energy Per Ion Pair in Counting Gases  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

A new method is presented for deriving the Fano factor and the mean energy per ion pair in the ultrasoft x-ray energy range. It is based on counting electrons deposited by a photon in a low-pressure gas, and is applicable for all counting gases. The energy dependence of these parameters for several hydrocarbons and gas mixtures is presented.

Pansky, A.; Breskin, A.; Chechik, R.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Triplet pair correlations and nonmonotonic supercurrent decay with Cr thickness in Nb/Cr/Fe/Nb Josephson devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

roughness and interdiffusion, an antiferromagnetic spin density wave (SDW) state can still form in Cr close to the interface. Here, we show evidence for triplet pair correlations in Josephson junctions with Cr/Fe and Cr/Fe/Cr barriers. Although the exact...

Robinson, J. W. A.; Banerjee, N.; Blamire, M. G.

2014-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

409

A photon-pair source with controllable delay based on shaped inhomogeneous broadening of rare-earth doped solids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spontaneous Raman emission in atomic gases provides an attractive source of photon pairs with a controllable delay. We show how this technique can be implemented in solid state systems by appropriately shaping the inhomogeneous broadening. Our proposal is eminently feasible with current technology and provides a realistic solution to entangle remote rare-earth doped solids in a heralded way.

Pavel Sekatski; Nicolas Sangouard; Nicolas Gisin; Hugues de Riedmatten; Mikael Afzelius

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

410

The Mechanism of Triplet Energy Transfer from the Special Pair to the Carotenoid in Bacterial Photosynthetic Reaction Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the prediction that the energy of 3BM is 200 ( 70 cm-1 above that of 3P in wild-type RCs; this analysisThe Mechanism of Triplet Energy Transfer from the Special Pair to the Carotenoid in Bacterial of triplet energy transfer from the primary electron donor P, a bacteriochlorophyll dimer, to the carotenoid

Boxer, Steven G.

411

Measurement of the Inclusive Leptonic Asymmetry in Top-Quark Pairs that Decay to Two Charged Leptons at CDF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We measure the inclusive forward-backward asymmetry of the charged-lepton pseudorapidities from top-quark pairs produced in proton-antiproton collisions, and decaying to final states that contain two charged leptons (electrons or muons), using data collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab.

Aaltonen, Timo Antero; et al.,

2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

412

Interaction of an oblique shock wave with a pair of parallel vortices: Shock dynamics and mechanism of sound generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the mechanism of sound generation in the interaction between an oblique shock wave and a pair of vortices. We is related to the interaction of the reflected shock waves and sound waves. The first mechanism is dominating affected by the interaction of the reflected shock waves and sound waves. © 2006 American Institute

Zhang, Yong-Tao

413

Published in International Journal of Modern Physics A 11 3667 \\Gamma 3688 (1996) PAIRED ACCELERATED FRAMES y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACCELERATED FRAMES y ULRICH H. GERLACH Department of Mathematics, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 are based on pairs of causally disjoint accelerated frames. For bosons the expected spin vector in the presence of quadratic interactions. In addition, the Lorentz invariance of the acceleration temperature

Gerlach, Ulrich

414

Generation region of pulsating aurora obtained simultaneously by the FAST satellite and a Syowa-Iceland conjugate pair of observatories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation region of pulsating aurora obtained simultaneously by the FAST satellite and a Syowa 2004; published 7 October 2004. [1] We have carried out a direct comparison of pulsating auroras), with reference to simultaneous data obtained by a Syowa-Iceland conjugate pair of observatories. The aurora

California at Berkeley, University of

415

A modified nuclear mass formula with a unified prescription for the shell and pairing corrections Haifei Zhang1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A modified nuclear mass formula with a unified prescription for the shell and pairing corrections Haifei Zhang1 , Jianmin Dong2 , Nana Ma1 , Hongfei Zhang1 , and Junqing Li1,2 1School of Nuclear Science Mines, 4 rue A. Kastler, 44307 Nantes Cedex 03,France A modified macroscopic-microscopic nuclear mass

Boyer, Edmond

416

|_Published_in_International_Journal_of_Modern_PhysicsA_11_3667_-_3688_(1996)* PAIRED ACCELERATED FRAMESy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and definition are based on pairs of causally disjoint acceler* *ated frames. For bosons the expected was the starting point by which Newton and Einstein bro* *ught gravitation into our grasp. Newton's particle not be carried by classical particle worldlines but, more fundamentally, by wave functions or operators

Gerlach, Ulrich

417

An Experimental Comparison of Four Unit Test Criteria: Mutation, Edge-Pair, All-uses and Prime Path Coverage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Java. The findings are that mu- tation tests detected more faults and the other three crite- ria were very similarAn Experimental Comparison of Four Unit Test Criteria: Mutation, Edge-Pair, All-uses and Prime Path for quality, and the growth of agile processes and test driven development, de- velopers are expected to do

Offutt, Jeff

418

Developing a Model to Predict Canada Goose Breeding Pair Densities in the Midwest Using National Wetlands Inventory Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wetlands Inventory Data Principal Investigator: Robert Klaver Student Investigator: Brenna Towery (M a revised and refined wetlands inventory for Iowa (circa 2002), as well as 5 years of Canada Goose (singles, pairs, and groups) to specific wetlands or streams/rivers on individual survey plots, we can

Koford, Rolf R.

419

Wakefield Damping in a Pair of X-Band Accelerators for Linear Colliders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider means to damp the wake-field left behind ultra-relativistic charges. In particular, we focus on a pair of travelling wave accelerators operating at an X-band frequency of 11.424 GHz. In order to maximize the efficiency of acceleration, in the context of a linear collider, multiple bunches of charged particles are accelerated within a given pulse of the electromagnetic field. The wake-field left behind successive bunches, if left unchecked, can seriously disturb the progress of trailing bunches and can lead to an appreciable dilution in the emittance of the beam. We report on a method to minimize the influence of the wake-field on trailing bunches. This method entails detuning the characteristic mode frequencies which make-up the electromagnetic field, damping the wake-field, and interleaving the frequencies of adjacent accelerating structures. Theoretical predictions of the wake-field and modes, based on a circuit model, are compared with experimental measurements of the wake-field conducted within the ASSET facility at SLAC. Very good agreement is obtained between theory and experiment and this allows us to have some confidence in designing the damping of wake-fields in a future linear collider consisting of several thousand of these accelerating structures.

Jones, R.M.; Adolphsen, C.E.; Wang, J.W.; Li, Z.; /SLAC

2006-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

420

Probe Higgs boson pair production via the $3 \\ell 2 j$ + missing $E_T$ mode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We perform a detailed hadron-level study on the sensitivity of Higgs boson pair production via the $WW^{*}WW^{*}$ channel with the final state $3 \\ell 2 j$ + missing $E_T$ at the LHC with the collision energy $\\sqrt{S} = 14$ TeV and a future 100 TeV collider. To avoid the huge background from $pp \\to Z W + \\textrm{jets}$ processes, we confine to consider the four lepton patterns: $e^\\pm e^\\pm \\mu^\\mp $ and $\\mu^\\pm \\mu^\\pm e^\\mp$. We propose a partial reconstruction method to determine the most reliable combination. After that, we examine a few crucial observables which can discriminate efficiently signal and background events, especially we notice that the observable $m_{\\rm T2}$ is very efficient. For the LHC 14 TeV collisions, with an accumulated 3000 fb$^{-1}$ dataset, we find that the sensitivity of this mode can reach up to 1.5 $\\sigma$ for the Standard Model and the triple coupling of Higgs boson $\\lambda_3$ in the simplest effective theory can be constrained into the range [-1, 8] at $95\\%$ confidence...

Li, Qiang; Yan, Qi-Shu; Zhao, Xiaoran

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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421

Ligand Lone-Pair Influence on Hydrocarbon C-H Activation: A Computational Perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mid to late transition metal complexes that break hydrocarbon C?H bonds by transferring the hydrogen to a heteroatom ligand while forming a metal?alkyl bond offer a promising strategy for C?H activation. Here we report a density functional (B3LYP, M06, and X3LYP) analysis of cis-(acac){sub 2}MX and TpM(L)X (M = Ir, Ru, Os, and Rh; acac = acetylacetonate, Tp = tris(pyrazolyl)borate; X = CH{sub 3}, OH, OMe, NH{sub 2}, and NMe{sub 2}) systems for methane C?H bond activation reaction kinetics and thermodynamics. We address the importance of whether a ligand lone pair provides an intrinsic kinetic advantage through possible electronic d{sub ?}?p{sub ?} repulsions for M?OR and M?NR{sub 2} systems versus M?CH{sub 3} systems. This involves understanding the energetic impact of the X ligand group on ligand loss, C?H bond coordination, and C?H bond cleavage steps as well as understanding how the nucleophilicity of the ligand X group, the electrophilicity of the transition metal center, and cis-ligand stabilization effect influence each of these steps. We also explore how spectator ligands and second- versus third-row transition metal centers impact the energetics of each of these C?H activation steps.

Ess, Daniel H; Gunnoe, T. Brent; Cundari, Thomas R; Goddard, William A; Periana, Roy A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Search for Pair Production of Supersymmetric Top Quarks in Dilepton Events at the Tevatron  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We search for pair production of the supersymmetric partner of the top quark, the stop quark {tilde t}{sub 1}, decaying to a b-quark and a chargino {tilde {chi}}{sub 1}{sup {+-}} with a subsequent decay into a neutralino {tilde {chi}}{sub 1}{sup 0}, lepton {ell}, and neutrino {nu}. Using 2.7 fb{sup -1} of {radical}s = 1.96 TeV p{bar p} collision data collected by the CDF II experiment, we reconstruct the mass of candidate stop events and fit the observed mass spectrum to a combination of standard model processes and stop signal. No evidence of {tilde t}{sub 1}{tilde {bar 1}}{sub 1} production is found, therefore we set 95% C.L. limits on the masses of the stop and the neutralino for several values of the chargino mass and the branching ratio {Beta} ({tilde {chi}}{sub 1}{sup {+-}} {yields} {tilde {chi}}{sub 1}{sup 0}{ell}{sup {+-}}{nu}).

Johnson, William Casey; /UC, Davis

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Neutral Higgs-pair Production at one-loop from a Generic 2HDM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a one-loop analysis of the pairwise production of neutral Higgs bosons (h0A0, H0A0) at linear colliders, such as the ILC and CLIC, within the general Two-Higgs-Doublet Model (2HDM). We single out sizable radiative corrections, which can well reach the level of 50 % and may be either positive (typically for \\sqrt{s} \\sim 0.5 TeV) and negative (for \\sqrt{s} of 1 TeV and above). These large quantum effects, obtained in full agreement with the current phenomenological bounds and the stringent theoretical constraints on the parameter space of the model, can be traced back to the enhancement capabilities of the triple-Higgs self-interactions -- a trademark feature of the 2HDM, with no counterpart in e.g. the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. In the most favorable scenarios, the Higgs-pair cross sections may be boosted up to barely 30 fb at the fiducial center-of-mass energy of 500 GeV -- amounting to a few thousand events per 500 inverse femtobarn of integrated luminosity. We also compare these results with several complementary double and triple Higgs-boson production mechanisms at order \\alpha^3_{ew} and leading \\alpha^4_{ew}, and we spotlight a plethora of potentially distinctive signatures of a Two-Higgs-Doublet structure of non-supersymmetric nature.

David Lopez-Val; Joan Sola

2010-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

424

Braid group representations and cold Fermi gases in the fast pairing regime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is widely recognized that the main difficulty in designing devices which could process information using quantum states is due to the decoherence of local excitations about a ground state. A solution to this problem was suggested in \\cite{Kitaev}, relying on (non-local) topological excitations, structurally protected against local noise. However, a practical implementation of this proposal using special Landau levels in fractional quantum Hall effect systems (FQHE) \\cite{QHE} has proven elusive, while accessible FQHE states are theoretically not optimal because their representations in the Hilbert space of states are not dense. We propose using a different physical system (cold Fermi atoms), whose semiclassical dynamics is described by a hyperelliptic function in the Sklyanin formalism. The homological structure of the complex curve corresponds to representations of the braid group, with the action of Hecke operators leading to singularities detectable in the semiclassical oscillations. We argue that, for a fixed genus of the hyperelliptic curve, the Richardson-Gaudin pairing Hamiltonian problem is the singular limit $m \\to \\infty$ of level-$k$ $\\widehat{sl}(2)$, with $k+2 = \\frac{4}{8m+1}\\to 0$, so that the level $k$ is admissible in the sense of Kac and Kazhdan \\cite{KK}, but the corresponding Hecke algebra is a $q-$deformation of the symmetric group with fixed $q = e^{i\\pi/4}$, as $m \\to \\infty$.

Bryce Hotalen; Razvan Teodorescu

2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

425

Holographic and time-resolving ability of pulse-pair two-dimensional velocity interferometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous velocity interferometers used at research laboratories for shock physics experiments measured target motion at a point or many points on a line on the target. Recently, a two-dimensional (2d) version (2d-velocity interferometer system for any reflector) has been demonstrated using a pair of ultrashort (3 ps) pulses for illumination, separated by 268 ps. We have discovered new abilities for this instrument, by treating the complex output image as a hologram. For data taken in an out of focus configuration, we can Fourier process to bring narrow features such as cracks into sharp focus, which are otherwise completely blurred. This solves a practical problem when using high numerical aperture optics having narrow depth of field to observe moving surface features such as cracks. Furthermore, theory predicts that the target appearance (position and reflectivity) at two separate moments in time are recorded by the main and conjugate images of the same hologram, and are partially separable during analysis for narrow features. Hence, for the cracks we bring into refocus, we can make a two-frame movie with a subnanosecond frame period. Longer and shorter frame periods are possible with different interferometer delays. Since the megapixel optical detectors we use have superior spatial resolution over electronic beam based framing cameras, this technology could be of great use in studying microscopic three-dimensional-behavior of targets at ultrafast times scales. Demonstrations on shocked silicon are shown.

Erskine, David J., E-mail: erskine1@llnl.gov; Smith, R. F.; Celliers, P. M.; Collins, G. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Bolme, C. A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Ali, S. J. [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

426

Multidiagnostic analysis of ultrafast laser ablation of metals with pulse pair irradiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Copper targets are irradiated in the ablation regime by pairs of equal, time-delayed collinear laser pulses separated on a timescale going from {approx_equal}2 ps to {approx_equal}2 ns. The ablation plume is characterized by ion probe diagnostic, fast imaging, and temporally and spatially resolved optical emission spectroscopy. The variation in the ablation efficiency with the delay between the pulses is analyzed by measuring the ablation crater profile with a contact profilometer. The second laser pulse modifies the characteristics of the plasma plume produced by the first pulse and the ablation efficiency. The different mechanisms involved in double pulse ultrafast laser ablation are identified and discussed. The experimental findings are interpreted in the frame of a simple model of the interaction of the second pulse with the nascent ablation plume produced by the first pulse. This model yields consistent and quantitative agreement with the experimental findings predicting the observed experimental trends of the ablation depth reduction and ion yield increase with the delay between the pulses, as well as the characteristic timescale of the observed changes. The possibility of controlling the characteristics of the plumes produced during ultrafast laser ablation via an efficient coupling of the energy of the second pulse to the various ablation components produced by the first pulse is of particular interest in ultrafast pulsed laser deposition and microprobe analyses of materials.

Amoruso, S.; Bruzzese, R. [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Complesso Universitario di Monte S. Angelo, Via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); CNR-SPIN, Complesso Universitario di Monte S. Angelo, Via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Wang, X. [CNR-SPIN, Complesso Universitario di Monte S. Angelo, Via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); O'Connell, G.; Lunney, J. G. [School of Physics, Trinity College-Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Direct collapse black hole formation from synchronized pairs of atomic cooling halos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-redshift quasar observations imply that supermassive black holes (SMBHs) larger than $\\sim 10^9 ~ M_\\odot$ formed before $z=6$. That such large SMBHs formed so early in the Universe remains an open theoretical problem. One possibility is that gas in atomic cooling halos exposed to strong Lyman-Werner (LW) radiation forms $10^4-10^6 ~ M_\\odot$ supermassive stars which quickly collapse into black holes. We propose a scenario for direct collapse black hole (DCBH) formation based on synchronized pairs of pristine atomic cooling halos. We consider halos at very small separation with one halo being a subhalo of the other. The first halo to surpass the atomic cooling threshold forms stars. Soon after these stars are formed, the other halo reaches the cooling threshold and due to its small distance from the newly formed galaxy, is exposed to the critical LW intensity required to form a DCBH. The main advantage of this scenario is that synchronization can potentially prevent photoevaporation and metal pollution i...

Visbal, Eli; Bryan, Greg L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

High pressure pair distribution function studies of Green River oil shale.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The compression behavior of a silicate-rich oil shale from the Green River formation in the pressure range 0.0-2.4 GPa was studied using in situ high pressure X-ray pair distribution function (PDF) measurements for the sample contained within a Paris-Edinburgh cell. The real-space local structural information in the PDF, G(r), was used to evaluate the compressibility of the oil shale. Specifically, the pressure-induced reduction in the medium- to long-range atom distances ({approx}6-20 {angstrom}) yielded an average sample compressibility corresponding to a bulk modulus of ca. 61-67 GPa. A structural model consisting of a three phase mixture of the principal crystalline oil shale components (quartz, albite and Illite) provided a good fit to the ambient pressure PDF data (R {approx} 30.7%). Indeed the features in the PDF beyond {approx} {angstrom}, were similarly well fit by a single phase model of the highest symmetry, highly crystalline quartz component. The factors influencing the observed compression behavior are discussed.

Chapman, K. W.; Chupas, P. J.; Locke, D. R.; Winans, R. E.; Pugmire, R. J.; Univ. of Utah

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

e+e- Pairs: a clock and a thermometer of heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, there is growing evidence that a new state of matter is formed in sqrt(s_NN)= 200 GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC: a strongly coupled Quark Gluon Plasma of partonic degrees of freedom which develops a collective motion. Dilepton spectra are not affected by strong interaction and can therefore probe the whole time evolution of the collision. Thus they may be sensitive to onset of deconfinement, chiral symmetry restoration, as well as the production of thermal photons. The PHENIX experiment measured the production of e+e- pairs in p+p and Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN)= 200 GeV. An enhanced dilepton yield in the mass range 150

Alberica Toia

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Thermal storage for solar cooling using paired ammoniated salt reactors. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of the program were to investigate the feasibility of using various solid and liquid ammoniates in heat pump/thermal storage systems for space heating and cooling. The study included corrosion testing of selected metallic and non-metallic specimens in the ammoniates, subscale testing of the candidate ammoniates singly and in pairs, trade studies and conceptual design of a residential system, prototype testing, and ammoniation/deammoniation cyclic testing of manganese chloride. Results of the corrosion testing showed that problems exist with manganese and magnesium chloride ammoniates, except with the teflon which displayed excellent resistance in all environments. Also, all liquid ammoniates are unsuitable for use with uncoated carbon steel. Cycling of the manganese chloride between the high and low ammoniates does not affect its properties. However, the density change between the high and low ammoniates could cause packing problems in a reactor which constrains the salt volume. Subscale tests with solid ammoniates indicated that the heat transfer coefficient in a fixed bed reactor is low (approx. 1 Btu/h-ft/sup 2/-/sup 0/F). Therefore solid ammoniates are not practical because of the high heat exchanger cost requirement. Forced ammonia recirculation was tested as a means of increasing heat transfer rate in the fixed bed reactor with solid salts, but was not successful. Conversely, the subscale testing with liquid ammoniates produced heat transfer coefficients of 40 to 45 Btu/h-ft/sup 2/-/sup 0/F. Thus, the residential design was based on a liquid ammoniate/ammonia system using ammonium nitrate as the salt.

Not Available

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Alkylsulfonates as Probes of Uncoupling Protein Transport ION PAIR TRANSPORT DEMONSTRATES THAT DIRECT H TRANSLOCATION BY UCP1 IS NOT NECESSARY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alkylsulfonates as Probes of Uncoupling Protein Transport Mechanism ION PAIR TRANSPORT DEMONSTRATES of Membrane Transport Biophysics, Institute of Physiology, Academy of Sciences, Prague 14220, Czech Republic is transported with the neutral ion pair, the sulfonate is able to deliver protons across the bilayer, behaving

Garlid, Keith

432

Study of heavy-flavor quarks produced in association with top-quark pairs at ?s = 7 TeV using the ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using a sample of dilepton top-quark pair (t[bar over t]) candidate events, a study is performed of the production of top-quark pairs together with heavy-flavor (HF) quarks, the sum of t[bar over t] + b + X and t[bar over ...

Taylor, Frank E.

433

Parametric Amplification of Scattered Atom Pairs Gretchen K. Campbell, Jongchul Mun, Micah Boyd, Erik W. Streed, Wolfgang Ketterle, and David E. Pritchard*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the atom- optics analog of optical parametric generation. Phase matching is essential for high efficiency parametric generation and amplification of ultracold atom pairs. A 87Rb Bose- Einstein condensate was loaded and amplification of photons and could be used to efficiently create entangled pairs of atoms. Furthermore

434

int. j. prod. res., 2002, vol. 40, no. 1, 5570 Steel-making process scheduling using Lagrangian relaxation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industries (Balakrishnan and Brown 1996). Iron and steel production includes sev- eral process phases (iron-making

Luh, Peter

435

Coherent Electromagnetic Heavy Ion Reactions: (1) Exact Treatment of Pair Production and Ionization; (2) Mutual Coulomb Dissociation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some recent theoretical results on coherent electromagnetic processes in ultrarelativistic heavy ion reactions are surveyed. In ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions, Coulomb induced cross sections are huge, much larger than geometric. For the RHIC case of 100 GeV x 100 GeV colliding gold ions the predicted cross section for bound-electron positron pairs is about 110 barns. The corresponding cross section for continuum electron-positron pairs has recently been recalculated to be 34,000 barns, consistent with the result of the classic formula of Landau and Lifshitz. The cross section for Coulomb dissociation of the nucleus is about 95 barns, and the cross section for ionization of a single electron on one of the ions is about 100,000 barns.

Baltz, A. J.

1999-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

436

Modelling gamma-ray photon emission and pair production in high-intensity laser–matter interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In high-intensity (>10{sup 21} Wcm{sup ?2}) laser–matter interactions gamma-ray photon emission by the electrons can strongly affect the electron's dynamics and copious numbers of electron–positron pairs can be produced by the emitted photons. We show how these processes can be included in simulations by coupling a Monte Carlo algorithm describing the emission to a particle-in-cell code. The Monte Carlo algorithm includes quantum corrections to the photon emission, which we show must be included if the pair production rate is to be correctly determined. The accuracy, convergence and energy conservation properties of the Monte Carlo algorithm are analysed in simple test problems.

Ridgers, C.P. [Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU (United Kingdom) [Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Kirk, J.G. [Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Postfach 10 39 80, 69029 Heidelberg (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Postfach 10 39 80, 69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Duclous, R. [Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, DAM DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France)] [Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, DAM DIF, F-91297 Arpajon (France); Blackburn, T.G. [Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU (United Kingdom)] [Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Brady, C.S.; Bennett, K.; Arber, T.D. [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)] [Centre for Fusion, Space and Astrophysics, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Bell, A.R. [Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU (United Kingdom) [Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PU (United Kingdom); Central Laser Facility, STFC Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire, OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Study of the Mass and Spin-Parity of the Higgs Boson Candidate via Its Decays to Z Boson Pairs  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

A study is presented of the mass and spin-parity of the new boson recently observed at the LHC at a mass near 125 GeV. An integrated luminosity of 17.3??fb?1 , collected by the CMS experiment in proton-proton collisions at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, is used. The measured mass in the ZZ channel, where both Z bosons decay to e or ? pairs, is 126.2±0.6(stat)±0.2(syst)??GeV . The angular distributions of the lepton pairs in this channel are sensitive to the spin-parity of the boson. Under the assumption of spin 0, the present data are consistent with the pure scalar hypothesis, while disfavoring the pure pseudoscalar hypothesis.

Chatrchyan, S.; Khachatryan, V.; Sirunyan, A. M.; Tumasyan, A.; Adam, W.; Aguilo, E.; Bergauer, T.; Dragicevic, M.; Erö, J.; Fabjan, C.; Friedl, M.; Frühwirth, R.; Ghete, V. M.; Hörmann, N.; Hrubec, J.; Jeitler, M.; Kiesenhofer, W.; Knünz, V.; Krammer, M.; Krätschmer, I.; Liko, D.; Mikulec, I.; Pernicka, M.; Rabady, D.; Rahbaran, B.; Rohringer, C.; Rohringer, H.; Schöfbeck, R.; Strauss, J.; Taurok, A.; Waltenberger, W.; Wulz, C.-E.; Mossolov, V.; Shumeiko, N.; Suarez Gonzalez, J.; Alderweireldt, S.; Bansal, M.; Bansal, S.; Cornelis, T.; De Wolf, E. A.; Janssen, X.; Luyckx, S.; Mucibello, L.; Ochesanu, S.; Roland, B.; Rougny, R.; Van Haevermaet, H.; Van Mechelen, P.; Van Remortel, N.; Van Spilbeeck, A.; Blekman, F.; Blyweert, S.; D’Hondt, J.; Gonzalez Suarez, R.; Kalogeropoulos, A.; Maes, M.; Olbrechts, A.; Tavernier, S.; Van Doninck, W.; Van Mulders, P.; Van Onsem, G. P.; Villella, I.; Clerbaux, B.; De Lentdecker, G.; Dero, V.; Gay, A. P. R.; Hreus, T.; Léonard, A.; Marage, P. E.; Mohammadi, A.; Reis, T.; Thomas, L.; Vander Velde, C.; Vanlaer, P.; Wang, J.; Adler, V.; Beernaert, K.; Cimmino, A.; Costantini, S.; Garcia, G.; Grunewald, M.; Klein, B.; Lellouch, J.; Marinov, A.; Mccartin, J.; Ocampo Rios, A. A.; Ryckbosch, D.; Sigamani, M.; Strobbe, N.; Thyssen, F.; Tytgat, M.; Walsh, S.; Yazgan, E.; Zaganidis, N.; Basegmez, S.; Bruno, G.; Castello, R.; Ceard, L.; Delaere, C.; du Pree, T.; Favart, D.; Forthomme, L.; Giammanco, A.; Hollar, J.; Lemaitre, V.; Liao, J.; Militaru, O.; Nuttens, C.; Pagano, D.; Pin, A.; Piotrzkowski, K.; Selvaggi, M.; Vizan Garcia, J. M.; Beliy, N.; Caebergs, T.; Daubie, E.; Hammad, G. H.; Alves, G. A.; Correa Martins Junior, M.; Martins, T.; Pol, M. E.; Souza, M. H. G.; Aldá Júnior, W. L.; Carvalho, W.; Chinellato, J.; Custódio, A.; Da Costa, E. M.; De Jesus Damiao, D.; De Oliveira Martins, C.; Fonseca De Souza, S.; Malbouisson, H.; Malek, M.; Matos Figueiredo, D.; Mundim, L.; Nogima, H.; Prado Da Silva, W. L.; Santoro, A.; Soares Jorge, L.; Sznajder, A.; Tonelli Manganote, E. J.; Vilela Pereira, A.; Anjos, T. S.; Bernardes, C. A.; Dias, F. A.; Fernandez Perez Tomei, T. R.; Gregores, E. M.; Lagana, C.; Marinho, F.; Mercadante, P. G.; Novaes, S. F.; Padula, Sandra S.; Genchev, V.; Iaydjiev, P.; Piperov, S.; Rodozov, M.; Stoykova, S.; Sultanov, G.; Tcholakov, V.; Trayanov, R.; Vutova, M.; Dimitrov, A.; Hadjiiska, R.; Kozhuharov, V.; Litov, L.; Pavlov, B.; Petkov, P.; Bian, J. G.; Chen, G. M.; Chen, H. S.; Jiang, C. H.; Liang, D.; Liang, S.; Meng, X.; Tao, J.; Wang, J.; Wang, X.; Wang, Z.; Xiao, H.; Xu, M.; Zang, J.; Zhang, Z.; Asawatangtrakuldee, C.; Ban, Y.; Guo, Y.; Li, W.; Liu, S.; Mao, Y.; Qian, S. J.; Teng, H.; Wang, D.; Zhang, L.; Zou, W.; Avila, C.; Carrillo Montoya, C. A.; Gomez, J. P.; Gomez Moreno, B.; Osorio Oliveros, A. F.; Sanabria, J. C.; Godinovic, N.; Lelas, D.; Plestina, R.; Polic, D.; Puljak, I.; Antunovic, Z.; Kovac, M.; Brigljevic, V.; Duric, S.; Kadija, K.; Luetic, J.; Mekterovic, D.; Morovic, S.; Tikvica, L.; Attikis, A.; Mavromanolakis, G.; Mousa, J.; Nicolaou, C.; Ptochos, F.; Razis, P. A.; Finger, M.; Finger, M.; Assran, Y.; Elgammal, S.; Ellithi Kamel, A.; Kuotb Awad, A. M.; Mahmoud, M. A.; Radi, A.; Kadastik, M.; Müntel, M.; Murumaa, M.; Raidal, M.; Rebane, L.; Tiko, A.; Eerola, P.; Fedi, G.; Voutilainen, M.; Härkönen, J.; Heikkinen, A.; Karimäki, V.; Kinnunen, R.; Kortelainen, M. J.; Lampén, T.; Lassila-Perini, K.; Lehti, S.; Lindén, T.; Luukka, P.; Mäenpää, T.; Peltola, T.; Tuominen, E.; Tuominiemi, J.; Tuovinen, E.; Ungaro, D.; Wendland, L.; Korpela, A.; Tuuva, T.; Besancon, M.; Choudhury, S.; Couderc, F.; Dejardin, M.; Denegri, D.; Fabbro, B.; Faure, J. L.; Ferri, F.; Ganjour, S.; Givernaud, A.; Gras, P.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Jarry, P.; Locci, E.; Malcles, J.; Millischer, L.; Nayak, A.; Rander, J.; Rosowsky, A.; Titov, M.; Baffioni, S.; Beaudette, F.; Benhabib, L.; Bianchini, L.; Bluj, M.; Busson, P.; Charlot, C.; Daci, N.; Dahms, T.; Dalchenko, M.; Dobrzynski, L.; Florent, A.; Granier de Cassagnac, R.; Haguenauer, M.; Miné, P.; Mironov, C.; Naranjo, I. N.; Nguyen, M.; Ochando, C.; Paganini, P.; Sabes, D.; Salerno, R.; Sirois, Y.; Veelken, C.; Zabi, A.; Agram, J.-L.; Andrea, J.; Bloch, D.; Bodin, D.; Brom, J.-M.; Chabert, E. C.; Collard, C.; Conte, E.; Drouhin, F.; Fontaine, J.-C.; Gelé, D.; Goerlach, U.; Juillot, P.; Le Bihan, A.-C.; Van Hove, P.; Beauceron, S.; Beaupere, N.; Bondu, O.; Boudoul, G.; Brochet, S.; Chasserat, J.; Chierici, R.; Contardo, D.; Depasse, P.; El Mamouni, H.; Fay, J.; Gascon, S.; Gouzevitch, M.; Ille, B.; Kurca, T.; Lethuillier, M.; Mirabito, L.; Perries, S.; Sgandurra, L.; Sordini, V.; Tschudi, Y.; Verdier, P.; Viret, S.; Tsamalaidze, Z.; Autermann, C.; Beranek, S.; Calpas, B.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Study on the top quark pair production mechanism in 1.96 TeV proton-antiproton collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study of the top quark pair production mechanism in proton-antiproton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV is described. The main subjects are the measurements of the top quark pair production cross section, the top quark mass and a search for a new particle decaying to the top quark pair. The analyses are based on 1.9 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) Run II experiment between March 2002 and May 2007, using the lepton+jets events. The measured top quark pair production cross section is 8.2 {+-} 0.5 (stat.) {+-} 0.8 (syst.) {+-} 0.5 (lum.) pb, which is slightly higher than the standard model prediction at the top mass of 175 GeV/c{sup 2}. The top quark mass is an important parameter in the standard model, and also in the experimental studies. The measured top quark mass if 171.6 {+-} 2.0 (stat.) {+-} 1.3(syst.) GeV/c{sup 2}. Finally, they report on a search for a new gauge boson decaying to t{bar t}, which interferes with the standard model gluon in the q{bar q} {yields} t{bar t} production process. They call such a hypothetical particle a 'Massive Gluon'. The observed t{bar t} invariant mass distribution is consistent with the standard model expectations, and also the measured massive gluon coupling strength with quarks is consistent within a statistical fluctuation of the standard model expectation in the wide range of the massive gluon masses and widths. They set the upper and lower limits on the coupling strength of the massive gluon.

Naganoma, Junji; /Waseda U.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

The microscopic pairing gap in a slab of nuclear matter for the Argonne v18 NN-potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ab initio gap equation for ^1S_0 pairing in a nuclear slab is solved for the Argonne v18 NN-potential. The gap function is compared in detail with the one found previously for the separable form of the Paris potential. The difference between the two gaps turned out to be about 10%. Dependence of the gap on the chemical potential mu is analyzed.

S. S. Pankratov; M. Baldo; U. Lombardo; E. E. Saperstein; M. V. Zverev; ;

2008-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

440

New features of Wehrl entropy and Wehrl PD of a single Cooper-pair box placed inside a dissipative cavity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we discuss the coherence of a single Cooper-pair box irradiated by a single-mode quantized field in a coherent state inside a phase-damped cavity. Analytic results under certain parametric conditions are obtained, by means of which we analyze the influence of dissipation on the Wehrl entropy and Wehrl phase distribution. An interesting relation between the coherence and the dissipation effect is observed.

Abdel-Khalek, S., E-mail: sayedquantum@yahoo.co.u [Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science, Sohag University, 82524 Sohag (Egypt); Obada, A.-S.F. [Mathematics Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Cairo (Egypt)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

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441

Study of thermally activated radical pair separation in the anthraquinone/triethylamine photoredox system by fourier transform EPR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By using fourier tranform electron paramagnetic resonance, the free radicals in the photoreduction of anthraquinone by triethylamine in alcohol solutions have been investigated. The detrapping kinetics have been described using some analytical form of the potential and the thermally averaged distance distribution of trapped radical pairs. This analytical form relates the binding potential, the diffusion constant, and the equilibrium distance. 12 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Beckert, D. [Univ. of Leipzig (Germany); Plueschau, M.; Dinse, K.P. [Univ. of Dortmund, Otto-Hahn-Strasse (Germany)

1992-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

442

Eliminating the Renormalization Scale Ambiguity for Top-Pair Production Using the Principle of Maximum Conformality  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The uncertainty in setting the renormalization scale in finite-order perturbative QCD predictions using standard methods substantially reduces the precision of tests of the Standard Model in collider experiments. It is conventional to choose a typical momentum transfer of the process as the renormalization scale and take an arbitrary range to estimate the uncertainty in the QCD prediction. However, predictions using this procedure depend on the choice of renormalization scheme, leave a non-convergent renormalon perturbative series, and moreover, one obtains incorrect results when applied to QED processes. In contrast, if one fixes the renormalization scale using the Principle of Maximum Conformality (PMC), all non-conformal {l_brace}{beta}{sub i}{r_brace}-terms in the perturbative expansion series are summed into the running coupling, and one obtains a unique, scale-fixed, scheme-independent prediction at any finite order. The PMC renormalization scale {mu}{sub R}{sup PMC} and the resulting finite-order PMC prediction are both to high accuracy independent of choice of the initial renormalization scale {mu}{sub R}{sup init}, consistent with renormalization group invariance. Moreover, after PMC scale-setting, the n!-growth of the pQCD expansion is eliminated. Even the residual scale-dependence at fixed order due to unknown higher-order {l_brace}{beta}{sub i}{r_brace}-terms is substantially suppressed. As an application, we apply the PMC procedure to obtain NNLO predictions for the t{bar t}-pair hadroproduction cross-section at the Tevatron and LHC colliders. There are no renormalization scale or scheme uncertainties, thus greatly improving the precision of the QCD prediction. The PMC prediction for {sigma}{sub t{bar t}} is larger in magnitude in comparison with the conventional scale-setting method, and it agrees well with the present Tevatron and LHC data. We also verify that the initial scale-independence of the PMC prediction is satisfied to high accuracy at the NNLO level: the total cross-section remains almost unchanged even when taking very disparate initial scales {mu}{sub R}{sup init} equal to m{sub t}, 20 m{sub t}, {radical}s.

Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC; Wu, Xing-Gang; /Chongqing U.

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

443

Nanoscale strain-induced pair suppression as a source of vortex pinning in high-temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boosting large-scale superconductor applications require nanostructured conductors with artificial pinning centres immobilizing quantized vortices at high temperature and magnetic fields. Here we demonstrate a highly effective mechanism of artificial pinning centres in solution-derived high-temperature superconductor nanocomposites through generation of nanostrained regions where Cooper pair formation is suppressed. The nanostrained regions identified from transmission electron microscopy devise a very high concentration of partial dislocations associated with intergrowths generated between the randomly oriented nanodots and the epitaxial YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} matrix. Consequently, an outstanding vortex-pinning enhancement correlated to the nanostrain is demonstrated for four types of randomly oriented nanodot, and a unique evolution towards an isotropic vortex-pinning behaviour, even in the effective anisotropy, is achieved as the nanostrain turns isotropic. We suggest a new vortex-pinning mechanism based on the bond-contraction pairing model, where pair formation is quenched under tensile strain, forming new and effective core-pinning regions.

Llordes, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Palau, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Vlad, R. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Pomar, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Arbiol, Jordi [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Guzman, Roger [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Gazquez Alabart, Jaume [ORNL; Varela del Arco, Maria [ORNL; Sandiumenge, Felip [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Ricart, Susagna [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Puig, Teresa [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Chataigner, D. [CRISMAT, Caen, France; Vanacken, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Gutierrez, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Deutscher, G. [Tel Aviv University; Moschalkov, V. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Obradors, Xavier [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Galaxy Pairs in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey - X: Does gas content alter star formation rate enhancement in galaxy interactions?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New spectral line observations, obtained with the Jansky Very Large Array (VLA), of a sample of 34 galaxies in 17 close pairs are presented in this paper. The sample of galaxy pairs is selected to contain galaxies in close, major interactions (i.e., projected separations $ 3\\sigma$. We compare the HI gas fraction of the galaxies with the triggered star formation present in that galaxy. When compared to the star formation rates (SFRs) of non-pair galaxies matched in mass, redshift, and local environment, we find that the star formation enhancement is weakly positively correlated ($\\sim 2.5\\sigma$) with HI gas fraction. In order to help understand the physical mechanisms driving this weak correlation, we also present results from a small suite of binary galaxy merger simulations with varying gas fractions. The simulated galaxies indicate that larger initial gas fractions are associated with lower levels of interaction-triggered star formation (relative to an identical galaxy in isolation), but also show that hi...

Scudder, Jillian M; Momjian, Emmanuel; Rosenberg, Jessica L; Torrey, Paul; Patton, David R; Mendel, J Trevor

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

The neutron drip line: single-particle degrees of freedom and pairing properties as sources of theoretical uncertainties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The sources of theoretical uncertainties in the prediction of the two-neutron drip line are analyzed in the framework of covariant density functional theory. We concentrate on single-particle and pairing properties as potential sources of these uncertainties. The major source of these uncertainties can be traced back to the differences in the underlying single-particle structure of the various covariant energy density functionals (CEDF). It is found that the uncertainties in the description of single-particle energies at the two-neutron drip line are dominated by those existing already in known nuclei. Only approximately one third of these uncertainties are due to the uncertainties in the isovector channel of CEDF's. Thus, improving the CEDF description of single-particle energies in known nuclei will also reduce the uncertainties in the prediction of the position of two-neutron drip line. The predictions of pairing properties in neutron rich nuclei depend on the CEDF. Although pairing properties affect moderately the position of the two-neutron drip line they represent only a secondary source for the uncertainties in the definition of the position of the two-neutron drip line.

A. V. Afanasjev; S. E. Agbemava; D. Ray; P. Ray

2015-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

446

The neutron drip line: single-particle degrees of freedom and pairing properties as sources of theoretical uncertainties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The sources of theoretical uncertainties in the prediction of the two-neutron drip line are analyzed in the framework of covariant density functional theory. We concentrate on single-particle and pairing properties as potential sources of these uncertainties. The major source of these uncertainties can be traced back to the differences in the underlying single-particle structure of the various covariant energy density functionals (CEDF). It is found that the uncertainties in the description of single-particle energies at the two-neutron drip line are dominated by those existing already in known nuclei. Only approximately one third of these uncertainties are due to the uncertainties in the isovector channel of CEDF's. Thus, improving the CEDF description of single-particle energies in known nuclei will also reduce the uncertainties in the prediction of the position of two-neutron drip line. The predictions of pairing properties in neutron rich nuclei depend on the CEDF. Although pairing properties affect moder...

Afanasjev, A V; Ray, D; Ray, P

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Search for a low-mass scalar Higgs boson decaying to a tau pair in single-photon decays of ?(1S)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We search for a low-mass scalar CP-odd Higgs boson, A[superscript 0], produced in the radiative decay of the upsilon resonance and decaying into a ?[superscript +]?[superscript ?] pair: ?(1S) ? ?A[superscript 0]. The ...

Cowan, Ray Franklin

448

Measurement of Angular Correlations in Drell–Yan Lepton Pairs to Probe Z/?[superscript ?] Boson Transverse Momentum at ?s = 7 TeV with the ATLAS Detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A measurement of angular correlations in Drell–Yan lepton pairs via the ?[* over ?] observable is presented. This variable probes the same physics as the Z/?[superscript ?] boson transverse momentum with a better experimental ...

Taylor, Frank E.

449

Search for pair production of third-generation scalar leptoquarks and top squarks in proton–proton collisions at ?s = 8 TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for pair production of third-generation scalar leptoquarks and supersymmetric top quark partners, top squarks, in final states involving tau leptons and bottom quarks is presented. The search uses events from a ...

CMS Collaboration

450

Quantum electrodynamics with anisotropic scaling: Heisenberg-Euler action and Schwinger pair production in the bilayer graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss quantum electrodynamics emerging in the vacua with anisotropic scaling. Systems with anisotropic scaling were suggested by Horava in relation to the quantum theory of gravity. In such vacua the space and time are not equivalent, and moreover they obey different scaling laws, called the anisotropic scaling. Such anisotropic scaling takes place for fermions in bilayer graphene, where if one neglects the trigonal warping effects the massless Dirac fermions have quadratic dispersion. This results in the anisotropic quantum electrodynamics, in which electric and magnetic fields obey different scaling laws. Here we discuss the Heisenberg-Euler action and Schwinger pair production in such anisotropic QED

M. I. Katsnelson; G. E. Volovik

2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

451

Transient phenomena in the dielectric breakdown of HfO{sub 2} optical films probed by ultrafast laser pulse pairs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The laser induced breakdown threshold of HfO{sub 2} films is studied with single pairs of pulses of variable delay and 50 fs and 1 ps pulse duration. Two distinct transient regimes are observed that can be related to the relaxation of the electron density from the conduction band via an intermediate state to the valence band. The experimental results are in good agreement with a theoretical model that assumes occupation of mid gap states after the first pulse on a time scale of several tens of picoseconds and subsequent decay of this population via recombination with holes in the valence band on a time scale of several tens of milliseconds.

Nguyen, Duy N.; Emmert, Luke A.; Rudolph, Wolfgang [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States); Patel, Dinesh; Menoni, Carmen S. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 (United States)

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

452

A qualitative perspective on the dynamics of a single-Cooper-pair box with a phase-damped cavity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent paper Dajka, et.al., [J. Phys. A \\textbf{40}, F879 (2007)] predicted that some composite systems can be entangled forever even if coupled with a thermal bath. We analyze the transient entanglement of a single-Cooper-pair box biased by a classical voltage and irradiated by a quantized field and find the unusual feature that the phase-damped cavity can lead to a long-lived entanglement. The results show an asymptotic value of the idempotency defect (concurrence) which embodies coherence loss (entanglement survival), independent of the interaction development by dependent critically on environment.

Mahmoud Abdel-Aty

2008-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

453

Search for the giant pairing vibration through (p,t) reactions around 50 and 60 MeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The existence of the giant pairing vibration (GPV) in {sup 120}Sn and {sup 208}Pb was investigated using the (p,t) reaction at incident proton energies of 50 MeV and 60 MeV for the scattering angles 0 deg. and 7 deg. No clear signature for the GPV was found, providing an upper limit for the cross section of {sigma}{sub max} = 0.2 mb. Theoretical interpretations for the low cross section of the GPV are discussed.

Mouginot, B.; Khan, E.; Azaiez, F.; Franchoo, S.; Ramus, A.; Scarpaci, J. A.; Stefan, I. [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, Universite Paris-Sud, IN2P3-CNRS, F-91406 Orsay Cedex (France); Neveling, R.; Buthelezi, E. Z.; Foertsch, S. V.; Smit, F. D. [iThemba LABS, P.O. Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Fujita, H.; Usman, I. [iThemba LABS, P.O. Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); School of Physics, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg 2050 (South Africa); Mabiala, J.; Mira, J. P.; Swartz, J. A. [iThemba LABS, P.O. Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Department of Physics, University of Stellenbosch, Matieland 7602 (South Africa); Papka, P. [Department of Physics, University of Stellenbosch, Matieland 7602 (South Africa)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

454

Dye-sensitized solar cell with a pair of carbon-based electrodes This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dye-sensitized solar cell with a pair of carbon-based electrodes This article has been downloaded. 45 (2012) 165103 (8pp) doi:10.1088/0022-3727/45/16/165103 Dye-sensitized solar cell with a pair have fabricated a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) with a pair of carbon-based electrodes using

Demir, Hilmi Volkan

455

Distinguishing S-plus-minus and S-plus-plus electron pairing symmetries by neutron spin resonances in superconducting Sodium-Iron-Cobalt-Arsenic (transitional temperature = 18 Kelvin)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A determination of the superconducting (SC) electron pairing symmetry forms the basis for establishing a microscopic mechansim for superconductivity. For iron pnictide superconductors, the s{sup {+-}}-pairing symmetry theory predicts the presence of a sharp neutron spin resonance at an energy below the sum of hole and electron SC gap energies (E {le} 2{Delta}). Although the resonances have been observed for various iron pnictide superconductors, they are broad in energy and can also be interpreted as arising from the s{sup ++}-pairing symmetry with E {ge} 2{Delta}. Here we use inelastic neutron scattering to reveal a sharp resonance at E = 7 meV in the SC NaFe{sub 0.935}Co{sub 0.045}As (T{sub c} = 18 K). By comparing our experiments with calculated spin-excitations spectra within the s{sup {+-}} and s{sup ++}-pairing symmetries, we conclude that the resonance in NaFe{sub 0.935}Co{sub 0.045}As is consistent with the s{sup {+-}}-pairing symmetry, thus eliminating s{sup ++}-pairing symmetry as a candidate for superconductivity.

Das, Tanmoy [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Alexander V. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhang, Chenglin [University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee; Li, Haifeng [Institut fur Festkorperforschung, Julich, Germany; Su, Yiki [The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee; Nethertom, Tucker [The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee; Redding, Caleb [The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee; Carr, Scott [The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee; Schneidewind, Astrid [Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz, Garching, Germany; Faulhaber, Enrico [Gemeinsame Forschergruppe HZB, Berlin, Germany; Li, Shiliang [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; Yao, Daoxin [Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China; Bruckel, Thomas [Institut fur Festkorperforschung, Julich, Germany; Dai, Pengchen [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China; Sobolev, Oleg [Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz, Garching, Germany

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

456

Structure of the 2-Aminopurine-Cytosine Base Pair Formed in the Polymerase Active Site of the RB69 Y567A-DNA Polymerase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The adenine base analogue 2-aminopurine (2AP) is a potent base substitution mutagen in prokaryotes because of its enhanceed ability to form a mutagenic base pair with an incoming dCTP. Despite more than 50 years of research, the structure of the 2AP-C base pair remains unclear. We report the structure of the 2AP-dCTP base pair formed within the polymerase active site of the RB69 Y567A-DNA polymerase. A modified wobble 2AP-C base pair was detected with one H-bond between N1 of 2AP and a proton from the C4 amino group of cytosine and an apparent bifurcated H-bond between a proton on the 2-amino group of 2-aminopurine and the ring N3 and O2 atoms of cytosine. Interestingly, a primer-terminal region rich in AT base pairs, compared to GC base pairs, facilitated dCTP binding opposite template 2AP. We propose that the increased flexibility of the nucleotide binding pocket formed in the Y567A-DNA polymerase and increased 'breathing' at the primer-terminal junction of A+T-rich DNA facilitate dCTP binding opposite template 2AP. Thus, interactions between DNA polymerase residues with a dynamic primer-terminal junction play a role in determining base selectivity within the polymerase active site of RB69 DNA polymerase.

Reha-Krantz, Linda J.; Hariharan, Chithra; Subuddhi, Usharani; Xia, Shuangluo; Zhao, Chao; Beckman, Jeff; Christian, Thomas; Konigsberg, William (Yale); (Alberta)

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

457

Measurement of the inclusive leptonic asymmetry in top-quark pairs that decay to two charged leptons at CDF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We measure the inclusive forward-backward asymmetry of the charged-lepton pseudorapidities from top-quark pairs produced in proton-antiproton collisions, and decaying to final states that contain two charged leptons (electrons or muons), using data collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab. With an integrated luminosity of 9.1 $\\rm{fb}^{-1}$, the leptonic forward-backward asymmetry, $A_{\\text{FB}}^{\\ell}$, is measured to be $0.072 \\pm 0.060$ and the leptonic pair forward-backward asymmetry, $A_{\\text{FB}}^{\\ell\\ell}$, is measured to be $0.076 \\pm 0.082$, compared with the standard model predictions of $A_{\\text{FB}}^{\\ell} = 0.038 \\pm 0.003$ and $A_{\\text{FB}}^{\\ell\\ell} = 0.048 \\pm 0.004$, respectively. Additionally, we combine the $A_{\\text{FB}}^{\\ell}$ result with a previous determination from a final state with a single lepton and hadronic jets and obtain $A_{\\text{FB}}^{\\ell} = 0.090^{+0.028}_{-0.026}$.

CDF Collaboration; T. Aaltonen; S. Amerio; D. Amidei; A. Anastassov; A. Annovi; J. Antos; G. Apollinari; J. A. Appel; T. Arisawa; A. Artikov; J. Asaadi; W. Ashmanskas; B. Auerbach; A. Aurisano; F. Azfar; W. Badgett; T. Bae; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; P. Barria; P. Bartos; M. Bauce; F. Bedeschi; S. Behari; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; D. Benjamin; A. Beretvas; A. Bhatti; K. R. Bland; B. Blumenfeld; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; A. Boveia; L. Brigliadori; C. Bromberg; E. Brucken; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; P. Bussey; P. Butti; A. Buzatu; A. Calamba; S. Camarda; M. Campanelli; F. Canelli; B. Carls; D. Carlsmith; R. Carosi; S. Carrillo; B. Casal; M. Casarsa; A. Castro; P. Catastini; D. Cauz; V. Cavaliere; M. Cavalli-Sforza; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; Y. C. Chen; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; G. Chlachidze; K. Cho; D. Chokheli; A. Clark; C. Clarke; M. E. Convery; J. Conway; M. Corbo; M. Cordelli; C. A. Cox; D. J. Cox; M. Cremonesi; D. Cruz; J. Cuevas; R. Culbertson; N. d'Ascenzo; M. Datta; P. de Barbaro; L. Demortier; L. Marchese; M. Deninno; F. Devoto; M. D'Errico; A. Di Canto; B. Di Ruzza; J. R. Dittmann; M. D'Onofrio; S. Donati; M. Dorigo; A. Driutti; K. Ebina; R. Edgar; A. Elagin; R. Erbacher; S. Errede; B. Esham; S. Farrington; J. P. Fernández Ramos; R. Field; G. Flanagan; R. Forrest; M. Franklin; J. C. Freeman; H. Frisch; Y. Funakoshi; C. Galloni; A. F. Garfinkel; P. Garosi; H. Gerberich; E. Gerchtein; S. Giagu; V. Giakoumopoulou; K. Gibson; C. M. Ginsburg; N. Giokaris; P. Giromini; G. Giurgiu; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; D. Goldin; A. Golossanov; G. Gomez; G. Gomez-Ceballos; M. Goncharov; O. González López; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; K. Goulianos; E. Gramellini; S. Grinstein; C. Grosso-Pilcher; R. C. Group; J. Guimaraes da Costa; S. R. Hahn; J. Y. Han; F. Happacher; K. Hara; M. Hare; R. F. Harr; T. Harrington-Taber; K. Hatakeyama; C. Hays; J. Heinrich; M. Herndon; A. Hocker; Z. Hong; W. Hopkins; S. Hou; R. E. Hughes; U. Husemann; M. Hussein; J. Huston; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; A. Ivanov; E. James; D. Jang; B. Jayatilaka; E. J. Jeon; S. Jindariani; M. Jones; K. K. Joo; S. Y. Jun; T. R. Junk; M. Kambeitz; T. Kamon; P. E. Karchin; A. Kasmi; Y. Kato; W. Ketchum; J. Keung; B. Kilminster; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; J. E. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; Y. J. Kim; N. Kimura; M. Kirby; K. Knoepfel; K. Kondo; D. J. Kong; J. Konigsberg; A. V. Kotwal; M. Kreps; J. Kroll; M. Kruse; T. Kuhr; M. Kurata; A. T. Laasanen; S. Lammel; M. Lancaster; K. Lannon; G. Latino; H. S. Lee; J. S. Lee; S. Leo; S. Leone; J. D. Lewis; A. Limosani; E. Lipeles; A. Lister; H. Liu; Q. Liu; T. Liu; S. Lockwitz; A. Loginov; A. Lucà; D. Lucchesi; J. Lueck; P. Lujan; P. Lukens; G. Lungu; J. Lys; R. Lysak; R. Madrak; P. Maestro; S. Malik; G. Manca; A. Manousakis-Katsikakis; F. Margaroli; P. Marino; M. Martínez; K. Matera; M. E. Mattson; A. Mazzacane; P. Mazzanti; R. McNulty; A. Mehta; P. Mehtala; C. Mesropian; T. Miao; D. Mietlicki; A. Mitra; H. Miyake; S. Moed; N. Moggi; C. S. Moon; R. Moore; M. J. Morello; A. Mukherjee; Th. Muller; P. Murat; M. Mussini; J. Nachtman; Y. Nagai; J. Naganoma; I. Nakano; A. Napier; J. Nett; C. Neu; T. Nigmanov; L. Nodulman; S. Y. Noh; O. Norniella; L. Oakes; S. H. Oh; Y. D. Oh; I. Oksuzian; T. Okusawa; R. Orava; L. Ortolan; C. Pagliarone; E. Palencia; P. Palni; V. Papadimitriou; W. Parker; G. Pauletta; M. Paulini; C. Paus; T. J. Phillips; G. Piacentino; E. Pianori; J. Pilot; K. Pitts; C. Plager; L. Pondrom; S. Poprocki; K. Potamianos; F. Prokoshin; A. Pranko; F. Ptohos; G. Punzi; N. Ranjan; I. Redondo Fernández; P. Renton; M. Rescigno; F. Rimondi; L. Ristori; A. Robson; T. Rodriguez; S. Rolli; M. Ronzani; R. Roser; J. L. Rosner; F. Ruffini; A. Ruiz; J. Russ; V. Rusu; W. K. Sakumoto; Y. Sakurai; L. Santi; K. Sato; V. Saveliev; A. Savoy-Navarro; P. Schlabach; E. E. Schmidt; T. Schwarz; L. Scodellaro; F. Scuri; S. Seidel; Y. Seiya; A. Semenov; F. Sforza; S. Z. Shalhout; T. Shears; P. F. Shepard; M. Shimojima; M. Shochet; I. Shreyber-Tecker; A. Simonenko; K. Sliwa; J. R. Smith; F. D. Snider; V. Sorin; H. Song; M. Stancari; R. St. Denis; D. Stentz; J. Strologas; Y. Sudo; A. Sukhanov; I. Suslov; K. Takemasa; Y. Takeuchi; J. Tang; M. Tecchio; P. K. Teng; J. Thom; E. Thomson; V. Thukral; D. Toback; S. Tokar; K. Tollefson; T. Tomura; D. Tonelli; S. Torre; D. Torretta; P. Totaro; M. Trovato; F. Ukegawa; S. Uozumi; F. Vázquez; G. Velev; C. Vellidis; C. Vernieri; M. Vidal; R. Vilar; J. Vizán; M. Vogel; G. Volpi; P. Wagner; R. Wallny; S. M. Wang; D. Waters; W. C. Wester III; D. Whiteson; A. B. Wicklund; S. Wilbur; H. H. Williams; J. S. Wilson; P. Wilson; B. L. Winer; P. Wittich; S. Wolbers; H. Wolfe; T. Wright; X. Wu; Z. Wu; K. Yamamoto; D. Yamato; T. Yang; U. K. Yang; Y. C. Yang; W. -M. Yao; G. P. Yeh; K. Yi; J. Yoh; K. Yorita; T. Yoshida; G. B. Yu

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

458

Possible Detection of a Pair Instability Supernova in the Modern Universe, and Implications for the First Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SN 2006gy radiated far more energy in visual light than any other supernova so far, and potential explanations for its energy demands have implications for galactic chemical evolution and the deaths of the first stars. It remained bright for over 200 days, longer than any normal supernova, and it radiated more than 1e51 ergs of luminous energy at visual wavelengths. I argue that this Type IIn supernova was probably the explosion of an extremely massive star like Eta Carinae that retained its hydrogen envelope when it exploded, having suffered relatively little mass loss during its lifetime. That this occurred at roughly Solar metallicity challenges current paradigms for mass loss in massive-star evolution. I explore a few potential explanations for SN2006gy's power source, involving either circumstellar interaction, or instead, the decay of 56Ni. If SN 2006gy was powered by the conversion of shock energy into light, then the conditions must be truly extraordinary and traditional interaction models don't work. If SN 2006gy was powered by radioactive decay, then the uncomfortably huge 56Ni mass requires that the star exploded as a pair instability supernova. The mere possibility of this makes SN 2006gy interesting, especially at this meeting, because it is the first good candidate for a genuine pair instability supernova.

Nathan Smith

2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

459

On a Devil’s staircase associated to the joint spectral radii of a family of pairs of matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The joint spectral radius of a finite set of real d×d matrices is defined to be the maximum possible exponential rate of growth of products of matrices drawn from that set. In previous work with K. G. Hare and J. Theys we showed that for a certain one-parameter family of pairs of matrices, this maximum possible rate of growth is attained along Sturmian sequences with a certain characteristic ratio which depends continuously upon the parameter. In this note we answer some open questions from that paper by showing that the dependence of the ratio function upon the parameter takes the form of a Devil’s staircase. We show in particular that this Devil’s staircase attains every rational value strictly between 0 and 1 on some interval, and attains irrational values only in a set of Hausdorff dimension zero. This result generalises to include certain one-parameter families considered by other authors. We also give explicit formulas for the preimages of both rational and irrational numbers under the ratio function, thereby establishing a large family of pairs of matrices for which the joint spectral radius may be calculated exactly.

Ian D. Morris; Nikita Sidorov

1107-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Collison-induced rototranslational absorption spectra of H/sub 2/-He pairs at temperatures from 40 to 3000 K  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The zeroth, first, and second spectral moments of the rototranslational collision-induced absorption (RT CIA) spectra of hydrogen-helium mixtures are calculated from the fundamental theory, for temperatures from 40 to 3000 K. With the help of simple analytical functions of three parameters and the information given, the RT CIA spectra of H/sub 2/-He pairs can be generated on computers of small capacity, with rms deviations from exact quantum profiles of not more than a few percent. Such representations of the CIA spectra are of interest for work related to the atmospheres of the outer planets and cool stars. The theoretical spectra are in close agreement with existing laboratory measurements at various temperatures from about 77 to 3000 K. 28 references.

Borysow, J.; Frommhold, L.; Birnbaum, G.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

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461

The Differential cross section distribution of Drell-Yan dielectron pairs in the z boson mass region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on a measurement of the rapidity distribution, d{sigma}/dy, for Z=Drell-Yan {yields} ee events produced in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV. The data sample consists of 2.13 fb{sup -1} corresponding to about 160,000 Z/Drell-Yan {yields} ee candidates in the Z boson mass region collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. The d{sigma}/dy distribution, which is measured over the full kinematic range for e{sup +}e{sup -} pairs in the invariant mass range 66 < M{sub ee} < 116 GeV/c{sup 2}, is compared with theory predictions. There is good agreement between the data and predictions of Quantum Chromodynamics in Next to Leading Order with the CTEQ6.1M Parton Distribution Functions.

Han, Jiyeon; /Rochester U.

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Functional approach for pairing in finite systems: How to define restoration of broken symmetries in Energy Density Functional theory ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Multi-Reference Energy Density Functional (MR-EDF) approach (also called configuration mixing or Generator Coordinate Method), that is commonly used to treat pairing in finite nuclei and project onto particle number, is re-analyzed. It is shown that, under certain conditions, the MR-EDF energy can be interpreted as a functional of the one-body density matrix of the projected state with good particle number. Based on this observation, we propose a new approach, called Symmetry-Conserving EDF (SC-EDF), where the breaking and restoration of symmetry are accounted for simultaneously. We show, that such an approach is free from pathologies recently observed in MR-EDF and can be used with a large flexibility on the density dependence of the functional.

Guillaume Hupin; Denis Lacroix; Michael Bender

2011-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

463

Higgs boson decay to charm pair at full one-loop level in the MSSM with flavour violation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the decay of the lightest neutral Higgs boson to a charm quark pair at full one-loop level in the MSSM with non-minimal quark flavour violation (QFV). In the numerical analysis we consider mixing between the second and the third squark generation and all relevant constraints from B meson data are taken into account. It is shown that the full one-loop corrected decay width can be quite sensitive to the MSSM QFV parameters due to large $\\tilde c - \\tilde t$ mixing and large trilinear couplings. After summarising the theoretical and experimental errors, we conclude that an observation of these SUSY QFV effects is possible at the ILC.

Eberl, H; Ginina, E; Hidaka, K; Majerotto, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Measurement of the Top Pair Production Cross Section in the Lepton + Jets Channel Using a Jet Flavor Discriminant  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We present a new method to measure the top quark pair production cross section and the background rates with data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.7 fb-1 from p p? collisions at ?s = 1.96 TeV collected with the CDF II Detector. We select events with a single electron or muon candidate, missing transverse energy, and at least one b-tagged jet. We perform a simultaneous fit to a jet flavor discriminant across nine samples defined by the number of jets and b-tags. An advantage of this approach is that many systematic uncertainties are measured in situ and inversely scale with integrated luminosity. We measure a top cross section of ?tt? = 7.64 ± 0.57 (stat + syst) ± 0.45 (luminosity) pb.

Aaltonen, T.; Aaltonen, T.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J.A.; Apresyan, A.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

A 31?T split-pair pulsed magnet for single crystal x-ray diffraction at low temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed a pulsed magnet system with panoramic access for synchrotron x-ray diffraction in magnetic fields up to 31?T and at low temperature down to 1.5?K. The apparatus consists of a split-pair magnet, a liquid nitrogen bath to cool the pulsed coil, and a helium cryostat allowing sample temperatures from 1.5 up to 250?K. Using a 1.15?MJ mobile generator, magnetic field pulses of 60?ms length were generated in the magnet, with a rise time of 16.5?ms and a repetition rate of 2 pulses/h at 31?T. The setup was validated for single crystal diffraction on the ESRF beamline ID06.

Duc, F.; Frings, P.; Nardone, M.; Billette, J.; Zitouni, A.; Delescluse, P.; Béard, J.; Nicolin, J. P.; Rikken, G. L. J. A. [Laboratoire National des Champs Magnétiques Intenses, CNRS-INSA-UJF-UPS, 143, avenue de Rangueil, F-31400 Toulouse (France); Fabrèges, X. [Laboratoire National des Champs Magnétiques Intenses, CNRS-INSA-UJF-UPS, 143, avenue de Rangueil, F-31400 Toulouse (France); Laboratoire Léon Brillouin, UMR12 CEA-CNRS Bât 563 CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette Cedex (France); Roth, T. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Boîte Postale 220, F-38043 Grenoble Cedex (France); European XFEL GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Ring 19, D-22761 Hamburg (Germany); Detlefs, C.; Lesourd, M.; Zhang, L. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Boîte Postale 220, F-38043 Grenoble Cedex (France)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

Cool dwarfs in wide multiple systems. Paper 5: New astrometry of 54 wide pairs with M dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the membership in double, triple or higher-order-multiplicity systems of 54 pairs with at least one bright M dwarf in the solar neighbourhood. These M dwarfs are potential targets of radial-velocity surveys for exoplanets. We measure angular separations and position angles from optical images taken with TCP and CAMELOT at the IAC80 telescope at the Observatorio del Teide, and complement them with our measurements on photographic plate digitizations. We also use data in the Washington Double Star Catalogue and other bibliographic sources. We confirm the physical binding of 52 multiple systems, for which we comprehensively compile, derive and provide basic astrophysical parameters in a homogeneous way (spectral types, heliocentric distances, projected physical separations, individual masses, estimated orbital periods, binding energies). Of the 52 systems, 38 are double, 11 are triple and three are quadruple with a variety of architectures. Four systems contain white dwarfs, six systems display va...

Cortés-Contreras, M; Montes, D

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Model for characterization of a vortex pair formed by shock passage over a light-gas inhomogeneity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work investigates the two-dimensional flow of a shock wave over a circular light-gas inhomogeneity in a channel with finite width. The pressure gradient from the shock wave interacts with the density gradient at the edge of the inhomogeneity to deposit vorticity around the perimeter, and the structure rolls up into a pair of counter-rotating vortices. The aim of this study is to develop an understanding of the scaling laws for the flow field produced by this interaction at times long after the passage of the shock across the inhomogeneity. Numerical simulations are performed for various initial conditions and the results are used to guide the development of relatively simple algebraic models that characterize the dynamics of the vortex pair, and that allow extrapolation of the numerical results to conditions more nearly of interest in practical situations. The models are not derived directly from the equations of motion but depend on these equations and on intuition guided by the numerical results. Agreement between simulations and models is generally good except for a vortex-spacing model which is less satisfactory. A practical application of this shock-induced vortical flow is rapid and efficient mixing of fuel and oxidizer in a SCRAMJET combustion chamber. One possible injector design uses the interaction of an oblique shock wave with a jet of light fuel to generate vorticity which stirs and mixes the two fluids and lifts the burning jet away from the combustor wall. Marble proposed an analogy between this three-dimensional steady flow and the two-dimensional unsteady problem of the present investigation. Comparison is made between closely corresponding three-dimensional steady and two-dimensional unsteady flows, and a mathematical description of Marble`s analogy is proposed. 17 refs.

Yang, J.; Kubota, T.; Zukoski, E.E. [California Inst of Technology, Pasadena, CA (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Structural Study of Biotic and Abiotic Poorly-crystalline Manganese Oxides Using Atomic Pair Distribution Function Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Manganese (Mn) oxides are among the most reactive natural minerals and play an important role in elemental cycling in oceanic and terrestrial environments. A large portion of naturally-occurring Mn oxides tend to be poorly-crystalline and/or nanocrystalline, with not fully resolved crystal structures. In this study, the crystal structures of their synthetic analogs including acid birnessite (AcidBir), {delta}-MnO{sub 2}, polymeric MnO{sub 2} (PolyMnO{sub 2}) and a bacteriogenic Mn oxide (BioMnO{sub x}), have been revealed using atomic pair distribution function (PDF) analysis. Results unambiguously verify that these Mn oxides are layered materials. The best models that accurately allow simulation of pair distribution functions (PDFs) belong to the monoclinic C12/m1 space group with a disk-like shape. The single MnO{sub 6} layers in the average structures deviate significantly from hexagonal symmetry, in contrast to the results of previous studies based on X-ray diffraction analysis in reciprocal space. Manganese occupancies in MnO{sub 6} layers are estimated to be 0.936, 0.847, 0.930 and 0.935, for AcidBir, BioMnO{sub x}, {delta}-MnO{sub 2} and PolyMnO{sub 2}, respectively; however, occupancies of interlayer cations and water molecules cannot be accurately determined using the models in this study. The coherent scattering domains (CSDs) of PolyMnO{sub 2}, {delta}-MnO{sub 2} and BioMnO{sub x} are at the nanometer scale, comprising one to three MnO{sub 6} layers stacked with a high disorder in the crystallographic c-axis direction. Overall, the results of this study advance our understanding of the mineralogy of Mn oxide minerals in the environment.

Billinge S. J.; Zhu, M.; Farrow, C.L.; Post, J.E.; Livi, K.J.T.; Ginder-Vogel, M.; Sparks, D.L.

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Structural study of biotic and abiotic poorly-crystalline manganese oxides using atomic pair distribution function analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Manganese (Mn) oxides are among the most reactive natural minerals and play an important role in elemental cycling in oceanic and terrestrial environments. A large portion of naturally-occurring Mn oxides tend to be poorly-crystalline and/or nanocrystalline, with not fully resolved crystal structures. In this study, the crystal structures of their synthetic analogs including acid birnessite (AcidBir), {delta}-MnO{sub 2}, polymeric MnO{sub 2} (PolyMnO{sub 2}) and a bacteriogenic Mn oxide (BioMnO{sub x}), have been revealed using atomic pair distribution function (PDF) analysis. Results unambiguously verify that these Mn oxides are layered materials. The best models that accurately allow simulation of pair distribution functions (PDFs) belong to the monoclinic C12/m1 space group with a disk-like shape. The single MnO{sub 6} layers in the average structures deviate significantly from hexagonal symmetry, in contrast to the results of previous studies based on X-ray diffraction analysis in reciprocal space. Manganese occupancies in MnO{sub 6} layers are estimated to be 0.936, 0.847, 0.930 and 0.935, for AcidBir, BioMnOx, {delta}-MnO{sub 2} and PolyMnO{sub 2}, respectively; however, occupancies of interlayer cations and water molecules cannot be accurately determined using the models in this study. The coherent scattering domains (CSDs) of PolyMnO{sub 2}, {delta}-MnO{sub 2} and BioMnO{sub x} are at the nanometer scale, comprising one to three MnO{sub 6} layers stacked with a high disorder in the crystallographic c-axis direction. Overall, the results of this study advance our understanding of the mineralogy of Mn oxide minerals in the environment.

Zhu, Mengqiang; Farrow, Christopher L.; Post, Jeffrey E.; Livi, Kenneth J.T.; Billinge, Simon J.L.; Ginder-Vogel, Matthew; Sparks, Donald L. (Delaware); (Columbia); (JHU); (Smithsonian)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

Annual Performance Evaluation of a Pair of Energy Efficient Houses (WC3 and WC4) in Oak Ridge, TN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beginning in 2008, two pairs of energy-saver houses were built at Wolf Creek in Oak Ridge, TN. These houses were designed to maximize energy efficiency using new ultra-high-efficiency components emerging from ORNL s Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) partners and others. The first two houses contained 3713 square feet of conditioned area and were designated as WC1 and WC2; the second pair consisted of 2721 square feet conditioned area with crawlspace foundation and they re called WC3 and WC4. This report is focused on the annual energy performance of WC3 and WC4, and how they compare against a previously benchmarked maximum energy efficient house of a similar footprint. WC3 and WC4 are both about 55-60% more efficient than traditional new construction. Each house showcases a different envelope system: WC3 is built with advanced framing featured cellulose insulation partially mixed with phase change materials (PCM); and WC4 house has cladding composed of an exterior insulation and finish system (EIFS). The previously benchmarked house was one of three built at the Campbell Creek subdivision in Knoxville, TN. This house (CC3) was designed as a transformation of a builder house (CC1) with the most advanced energy-efficiency features, including solar electricity and hot water, which market conditions are likely to permit within the 2012 2015 period. The builder house itself was representative of a standard, IECC 2006 code-certified, all-electric house built by the builder to sell around 2005 2008.

Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL; Christian, Jeffrey E [ORNL; Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL; Jackson, Roderick K [ORNL; Boudreaux, Philip R [ORNL

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

What can the detection of a single pair of circles-in-the-sky tell us about the geometry and topology of the Universe ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a Universe with a detectable nontrivial spatial topology the last scattering surface contains pairs of matching circles with the same distribution of temperature fluctuations --- the so-called circles-in-the-sky. Searches undertaken for nearly antipodal pairs of such circles in cosmic microwave background maps have so far been unsuccessful. Previously we had shown that the negative outcome of such searches, if confirmed, should in principle be sufficient to exclude a detectable non-trivial spatial topology for most observers in very nearly flat ($0<\\mid\\Omega_{\\text{tot}}-1\\mid \\lesssim10^{-5}$) (curved) universes. More recently, however, we have shown that this picture is fundamentally changed if the universe turns out to be {\\it exactly} flat. In this case there are many potential pairs of circles with large deviations from antipodicity that have not yet been probed by existing searches. Here we study under what conditions the detection of a single pair of circles-in-the-sky can be used to uniquely specify the topology and the geometry of the spatial section of the Universe. We show that from the detection of a \\emph{single} pair of matching circles one can infer whether the spatial geometry is flat or not, and if so we show how to determine the topology (apart from one case) of the Universe using this information. An important additional outcome of our results is that the dimensionality of the circles-in-the-sky parameter space that needs to be spanned in searches for matching pair of circles is reduced from six to five degrees of freedom, with a significant reduction in the necessary computational time.

B. Mota; M. J. Reboucas; R. Tavakol

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

472

Observation of Transverse Spin-Dependent Azimuthal Correlations of Charged Pion Pairs in $p^\\uparrow+p$ at $\\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the observation of transverse polarization-dependent azimuthal correlations in charged pion pair production with the STAR experiment in $p^\\uparrow+p$ collisions at RHIC. These correlations directly probe quark transversity distributions. We measure signals in excess of five standard deviations at high transverse momenta, at high pseudorapidities eta>0.5, and for pair masses around the mass of the rho-meson. This is the first direct transversity measurement in p+p collisions. Comparing the results to data from lepton-nucleon scattering will test the universality of these spin-dependent quantities.

STAR Collaboration; L. Adamczyk; J. K. Adkins; G. Agakishiev; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; I. Alekseev; J. Alford; A. Aparin; D. Arkhipkin; E. C. Aschenauer; G. S. Averichev; A. Banerjee; R. Bellwied; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; P. Bhattarai; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; L. C. Bland; I. G. Bordyuzhin; J. Bouchet; A. V. Brandin; I. Bunzarov; T. P. Burton; J. Butterworth; H. Caines; M. Calder'on de la Barca S'anchez; J. M. Campbell; D. Cebra; M. C. Cervantes; I. Chakaberia; P. Chaloupka; Z. Chang; S. Chattopadhyay; J. H. Chen; X. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; W. Christie; G. Contin; H. J. Crawford; S. Das; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; J. Deng; A. A. Derevschikov; B. di Ruzza; L. Didenko; C. Dilks; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; C. M. Du; L. E. Dunkelberger; J. C. Dunlop; L. G. Efimov; J. Engelage; G. Eppley; R. Esha; O. Evdokimov; O. Eyser; R. Fatemi; S. Fazio; P. Federic; J. Fedorisin; Z. Feng; P. Filip; Y. Fisyak; C. E. Flores; L. Fulek; C. A. Gagliardi; D. Garand; F. Geurts; A. Gibson; M. Girard; L. Greiner; D. Grosnick; D. S. Gunarathne; Y. Guo; S. Gupta; A. Gupta; W. Guryn; A. Hamad; A. Hamed; R. Haque; J. W. Harris; L. He; S. Heppelmann; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; S. Horvat; B. Huang; X. Huang; H. Z. Huang; P. Huck; T. J. Humanic; G. Igo; W. W. Jacobs; H. Jang; K. Jiang; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; D. Kalinkin; K. Kang; K. Kauder; H. W. Ke; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; Z. H. Khan; D. P. Kikola; I. Kisel; A. Kisiel; L. Kochenda; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; L. K. Kosarzewski; A. F. Kraishan; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; I. Kulakov; L. Kumar; R. A. Kycia; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; K. D. Landry; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; J. H. Lee; X. Li; C. Li; W. Li; Z. M. Li; Y. Li; X. Li; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; M. Lomnitz; R. S. Longacre; X. Luo; Y. G. Ma; G. L. Ma; L. Ma; R. Ma; N. Magdy; R. Majka; A. Manion; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; D. McDonald; K. Meehan; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal; D. Morozov; M. K. Mustafa; B. K. Nandi; Md. Nasim; T. K. Nayak; G. Nigmatkulov; L. V. Nogach; S. Y. Noh; J. Novak; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; K. Oh; V. Okorokov; D. Olvitt Jr.; B. S. Page; R. Pak; Y. X. Pan; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; B. Pawlik; H. Pei; C. Perkins; A. Peterson; P. Pile; M. Planinic; J. Pluta; N. Poljak; K. Poniatowska; J. Porter; M. Posik; A. M. Poskanzer; N. K. Pruthi; J. Putschke; H. Qiu; A. Quintero; S. Ramachandran; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; A. Roy; L. Ruan; J. Rusnak; O. Rusnakova; N. R. Sahoo; P. K. Sahu; I. Sakrejda; S. Salur; J. Sandweiss; A. Sarkar; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; A. M. Schmah; W. B. Schmidke; N. Schmitz; J. Seger; P. Seyboth; N. Shah; E. Shahaliev; P. V. Shanmuganathan; M. Shao; M. K. Sharma; B. Sharma; W. Q. Shen; S. S. Shi; Q. Y. Shou; E. P. Sichtermann; R. Sikora; M. Simko; M. J. Skoby; D. Smirnov; N. Smirnov; L. Song; P. Sorensen; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; M. Stepanov; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; M. Sumbera; B. Summa; X. Sun; Z. Sun; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; B. Surrow; N. Svirida; M. A. Szelezniak; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; T. Tarnowsky; A. N. Tawfik; J. H. Thomas; A. R. Timmins; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; P. Tribedy; S. K. Tripathy; B. A. Trzeciak; O. D. Tsai; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; I. Upsal; G. Van Buren; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; M. Vandenbroucke; R. Varma; A. N. Vasiliev; R. Vertesi; F. Videbæk; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; S. A. Voloshin; A. Vossen; G. Wang; Y. Wang; F. Wang; Y. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; J. C. Webb; G. Webb; L. Wen; G. D. Westfall; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; R. Witt; Y. F. Wu; Z. G. Xiao; W. Xie; K. Xin; Q. H. Xu; Z. Xu; H. Xu; N. Xu; Y. F. Xu; Q. Yang; Y. Yang; S. Yang; Y. Yang; C. Yang; Z. Ye; P. Yepes; L. Yi; K. Yip; I. -K. Yoo; N. Yu; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zha; X. P. Zhang; J. Zhang; Y. Zhang; J. Zhang; J. B. Zhang; S. Zhang; Z. Zhang; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; L. Zhou; X. Zhu; Y. Zoulkarneeva; M. Zyzak

2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Pair-Trawl Detection of PIT-Tagged Juvenile Salmonids Migrating in the Columbia River Estuary, 2008 Report of Research.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 2008, we sampled migrating juvenile Pacific salmonids Oncorhynchus spp. tagged with passive integrated transponder (PIT) tags using a surface pair trawl in the upper Columbia River estuary (rkm 61-83). The cod-end of the trawl was replaced with a cylindrical PIT-tag detection antenna with an 86-cm-diameter fish-passage opening and two detection coils connected in series. The pair trawl was 105 m long with a 91.5-m opening between the wings and a sample depth of 4.9 m. Also during 2008, we finalized the development of a prototype 'matrix' antenna, which was larger than previous antennas by a considerable magnitude. The matrix antenna consisted of 6 coils: a 3-coil front component and a 3-coil rear component, which were separated by 1.5-m of net mesh. The fish-passage opening was 2.5 m wide by 3.0 m tall and was attached to a standard-size pair trawl net. Intermittent sampling with a single crew began on 7 March and targeted yearling Chinook salmon O. tshawytscha and steelhead O. mykiss. Daily sampling using two crews began on 30 April and continued through 14 June; during this period we detected 2.7% of all juvenile salmonids previously detected at Bonneville Dam--a measure of sample efficiency. Sampling with a single crew continued through 20 August and targeted subyearling Chinook salmon. We detected 7,397 yearling Chinook salmon, 2,735 subyearling Chinook salmon, 291 coho salmon O. kisutch, 5,950 steelhead, and 122 sockeye salmon O. nerka in the upper estuary. We deployed the matrix antenna system and the older, cylindrical antenna system (86-cm-diameter fish-passage opening) simultaneously in mid-May 2008 to test matrix detection efficiency. The cylindrical antenna system had been used successfully in 2007 and early 2008. Because distribution of migrating salmonids in the estuary changes rapidly, we felt that a tandem sampling effort between the two systems was the only way to truly evaluate comparative detection efficiency. We deployed both systems within 1 km of each other during a period of high fish densities on 13, 14, and 15 May. Detections of the matrix system surpassed those of the cylindrical system by 53% in 14 h of simultaneous sampling (total detections 716 and 339, respectively). We believe that the higher detection rate observed with the matrix system was due to fewer smolts escaping the trawl entrance and to more smolts readily passing through the larger fish-passage opening. After tandem sampling, we continued exclusive use of the matrix system for the remainder of the 2008 juvenile migration season. Mean survival rates from Lower Granite to Bonneville Dam for yearling Chinook salmon and steelhead were 42% (SE = 3.7%) and 46% (SE = 1.5%), respectively. Over 358,000 PIT-tagged salmonids were transported, and we detected 4,619 of these fish.

Magie, Robert J.; Morris, Matthew S.; Ledgerwood, Richard D. [Northwest Fisheries Science Center

2009-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

474

Search for anomalous production of prompt same-sign lepton pairs and pair-produced doubly charged Higgs bosons with $\\sqrt{s} = 8$ TeV $pp$ collisions using the ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A low-background inclusive search for new physics in events with same-sign dileptons is presented. The search uses proton-proton collisions corresponding to 20.3 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity taken in 2012 at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Pairs of isolated leptons with the same electric charge and large transverse momenta of the type $e^{\\pm}e^{\\pm}, e^{\\pm}\\mu^{\\pm}$, and $\\mu^{\\pm}\\mu^{\\pm}$ are selected and their invariant mass distribution is examined. No excess of events above the expected level of Standard Model background is found. The results are used to set upper limits on the cross-sections for processes beyond the Standard Model. Limits are placed as a function of the dilepton invariant mass within a fiducial region corresponding to the signal event selection criteria. Exclusion limits are also derived for a specific model of doubly charged Higgs boson production.

ATLAS Collaboration

2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

475

Temperature Dependent Absorption Cross-Sections of O2-O2 collision pairs1 between 340 and 630 nm and at atmospherically relevant pressure2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(CIA). At 203 K, van der Waals complexes (O2-dimer) contribute less than26 0.14% to the O4 absorption induced absorption (CIA) results in38 additional O4-CIA absorption from O2-O2 collision pairs that overlap that of O2-dimer. With CIA,39 the selection rules of molecular O2 transitions are relaxed as a result

476

MODELING OF PLANE-WAVE INCIDENCE ON A TWISTED-WIRE PAIR BUNDLE FOR RF INGRESS ESTIMATION IN DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER LINE SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is electromagnetic interference (EMI) caused by external radio sources that operate in the same frequency band) system consisting of a bundle of twisted-wire pairs (TWPs) in the presence of electromagnetic interference (EMI) is presented. The objective of such a model is to analyze the susceptibility of TWP bundles

477

Probing Pair-Correlated Fermionic Atoms through Correlations in Atom Shot Noise M. Greiner,* C. A. Regal, J. T. Stewart, and D. S. Jin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Probing Pair-Correlated Fermionic Atoms through Correlations in Atom Shot Noise M. Greiner,* C. A atoms are created through dissociation of weakly bound molecules near a magnetic-field Feshbach resonance. We show that correlations between atoms in different spin states can be detected using the atom

Jin, Deborah

478

in2p3-00181168,version2-22Jan2008 BCS-BEC crossover of neutron pairs in symmetric and asymmetric nuclear matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nuclear matter J. Margueron,1, 2 H. Sagawa,2 and K. Hagino3 1 Institut de Physique Nucl´eaire, Universit that the medium polarization effects cannot be cast into the density power law function usually introduced-BEC crossover of neutrons pairs in symmetric and asymmetric nuclear matter is studied by using these contact

Boyer, Edmond

479

Measurement of associated production of vector bosons and top quark-antiquark pairs in pp collisions at sqrt[s]=7??TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first measurement of vector-boson production associated with a top quark-antiquark pair in proton-proton collisions at ?s=7??TeV is presented. The results are based on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity ...

Apyan, Aram

480

Search for second-generation leptoquark pairs in (p)over-barp collisions at root s=1.8 TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have searched for second-generation leptoquark (LQ) pairs in the mu mu + jets channel using 94 +/- 5 pb(-1) of (p) over bar p collider data collected by the DO experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron during 1993-1996. No ...

Baringer, Philip S.; Coppage, Don; Hebert, C.

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brems pair prod" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Search for Pair Production of Supersymmetric Top Quarks in Dilepton Events from pp[over-bar] Collisions at [sqrt]s=1.96??TeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of a search for pair production of the supersymmetric partner of the top quark (the top squark t˜1) decaying to a b quark and a chargino ?˜1± with a subsequent ?˜1± decay into a neutralino ?˜10, ...

Paus, Christoph M. E.

482

Evidence for a Particle Produced in Association with Weak Bosons and Decaying to a Bottom-Antibottom Quark Pair in Higgs Boson Searches at the Tevatron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We combine searches by the CDF and D0 Collaborations for the associated production of a Higgs boson with a W or Z boson and subsequent decay of the Higgs boson to a bottom-antibottom quark pair. The data, originating from ...

Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo

483

Spin dynamics in a spin-correlated radical pair of photosystem I. Pulsed time-resolved EPR at high magnetic field.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spin-dynamics of the spin-correlated radical pair (SCRP) P{sub 700}{sup +}A{sub 1A}{sup -} in the photosystem I (PSI) reaction center protein have been investigated with high-frequency (HF), time-resolved EPR spectroscopy. The superior spectral resolution of HF EPR enables spin-dynamics for both the donor and acceptor radicals in the pair to be monitored independently. Decay constants of each spin were measured as a function of temperature and compared to data obtained at X-band EPR. Relaxation times, T{sub 1}, and decay rates, k{sub S}, are the same at both X- and D-band magnetic fields. The spin-dynamics within the radical pair were determined from theoretical simulation of experimental time-resolved HF EPR spectra. At low temperatures, T < 60 K, the decay of the SCRP from the singlet state, k{sub S}, is the predominant process, while at high temperatures, T > 130 K, the T{sub 1} relaxation is much faster than k{sub S}. The recombination rate k{sub S} was observed to decrease as the temperature is increased. These EPR spectral results are in agreement with previously reported optical measurements of P{sub 700}{sup +}A{sub 1}{sup -} radical pair recombination.

Poluektov, O. G.; Paschenko, S. V.; Utschig, L. M.; Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Particle-number fluctuations and neutron-proton pairing effects on proton and neutron radii of even-even N Almost-Equal-To Z nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The particle-number fluctuation effect on the root-mean-square (rms) proton and neutron radii of even-even N Almost-Equal-To Z nuclei is studied in the isovector neutron-proton (np) pairing case using an exact particle-number projection method and the Woods-Saxon model.

Douici, M.; Allal, N. H.; Fellah, M.; Benhamouda, N.; Oudih, M. R. [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, Faculte de Physique, USTHB BP 32 El-Alia, 16111 Bab-Ezzouar, Alger (Algeria) and Institut des Sciences et Technologie, Centre Universitaire de Khemis Miliana, Route de Theniet-El-Had, 44225 Khemis-Milia (Algeria); Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, Faculte de Physique, USTHB BP 32 El-Alia, 16111 Bab-Ezzouar, Alger (Algeria) and Centre de Recherche Nucleaire d'Alger, COMENA, BP399 Alger-Gare, Alger (Algeria); Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, Faculte de Physique, USTHB BP 32 El-Alia, 16111 Bab-Ezzouar, Alger (Algeria)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

485

Exclusive photon-photon production of muon pairs in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A measurement of the exclusive two-photon production of muon pairs in proton-proton collisions at {radical}s = 7 TeV, pp {yields} p{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}p, is reported using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 40 pb{sup -1}. For muon pairs with invariant mass greater than 11.5 GeV, transverse momentum p{sub T}({mu}) > 4 GeV and pseudorapidity |{eta}({mu})| < 2.1, a fit to the dimuon p{sub T}({mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}) distribution results in a measured cross section of {sigma}(p {yields} p{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}) = 3.38{sub -0.55}{sup +0.58}(stat.) {+-} 0.16(syst.) {+-} 0.14(lumi.) pb, consistent with the theoretical prediction evaluated with the event generator LPAIR. The ratio to the predicted cross section is 0.83{sub -0.13}{sup +0.14}(stat.) {+-} 0.04(syst.) {+-} 0.03(lumi.). The characteristic distributions of the muon pairs produced via {gamma}{gamma} fusion, such as the muon acoplanarity, the muon pair invariant mass and transverse momentum agree with those from the theory.

Chatrchyan, Serguei; Khachatryan, Vardan; Sirunyan, Albert M.; Tumasyan, Armen; Adam, Wolfgang; Bergauer, Thomas; Dragicevic, Marko; Erö, Janos; Fabjan, Christian; Friedl, Markus; Fruehwirth, Rudolf; /Yerevan Phys. Inst. /Vienna, OAW /Minsk, High Energy Phys. Ctr. /Antwerp U., WISINF /Vrije U., Brussels /Brussels U. /Gent U. /Louvain U. /UMH, Mons /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF /Rio de Janeiro State U.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Search for pair produced fourth-generation up-type quarks in pp collisions at ?s = 7 TeV with a lepton in the final state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The results of a search for the pair production of a fourth-generation up-type quark (t?) in proton–proton collisions at ?s = 7 TeV are presented, using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of about 5.0 ...

Apyan, Aram

487

preprint; submitted to Physical Review Letters in November 2003 Dipole moment of a Pb-O vacancy pair in PbTiO3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

preprint; submitted to Physical Review Letters in November 2003 Dipole moment of a Pb-O vacancy-8520 The polarization of a nearest neighbor (nn) Pb-O vacancy pair ((VP b - VO)nn) in PbTiO3 is calculated, using and perfor- mance of these materials are expected to be strongly af- fected by defects such as lead vacancies

Burton, Benjamin P.

488

The I*(2P1/2)-I*(2P1/2) Contact Pair Emission in Condensed Media: A Molecular Spring-Gauge for Cavity Sizing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rare gas matrixes of Ar, Kr, and Xe.2 We recognize that these condensed phase emission spectraThe I*(2P1/2)-I*(2P1/2) Contact Pair Emission in Condensed Media: A Molecular Spring-Rg potentials. The analysis yields a refined I*I* potential and provides a calibration curve to readout

Apkarian, V. Ara

489

Search for pair production of scalar top quarks decaying to a tau lepton and a b quark in 1.96-tev ppbar collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I present the results of a search for pair production of scalar top quarks (~t1) in an R-parity violating supersymmetric scenario using 322 pb_1 of pp collisions at ps = 1.96 TeV collected by the upgraded Collider Detector at Fermilab. I assume each...

Khotilovich, Vadim Gennadyevich

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Pairing and unpairing electron densities in organic systems: Two-electron three center through space and through bonds interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two-electron three-center bonding interactions in organic ions like methonium (CH{sub 5}{sup +}), ethonium (C{sub 2}H{sub 7}{sup +}), and protonated alkanes n?C{sub 4}H{sub 11}{sup +} isomers (butonium cations) are described and characterized within the theoretical framework of the topological analysis of the electron density decomposition into its effectively paired and unpaired contributions. These interactions manifest in some of this type of systems as a concentration of unpaired electron cloud around the bond paths, in contrast to the well known paradigmatic boron hydrids in which it is not only concentrated close to the atomic nucleus and the bond paths but out of them and over the region defined by the involved atoms as a whole. This result permits to propose an attempt of classification for these interactions based in such manifestations. In the first type, it is called as interactions through bonds and in the second type as interactions through space type.

Lobayan, Rosana M., E-mail: rmlb@exa.unne.edu.ar [Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Naturales y Agrimensura, Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, 3400, Corrientes (Argentina); Bochicchio, Roberto C., E-mail: rboc@df.uba.ar [Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, and IFIBA, CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

491

Branching ratios for the decays of {psi}(3770) and Y(10580) mesons to a pair of light hadrons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The branching ratios for the exclusive decays of the heavy quarkonia {psi}(3770) and Y(10580) to a pair of light mesons [{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, KK-bar, {rho}({omega}){pi}, {rho}({omega}){eta}, {rho}({omega}){eta}', K{sup *}K-bar+c.c, {rho}{sup +}{rho}{sup -}, and K{sup *}K-bar{sup *}] and the branching ratios for the decays {psi}(3770) {sup {yields}} J/{psi} + P(P = {pi}{sup 0}, {eta}) and Y(10580) {sup {yields}} Y(1S) + P(P = {pi}{sup 0},{eta},{eta}'), which involve a heavy quarkonium in the final state, are calculated with allowance for new data on the width of the D*{sup {+-}}(2010) meson and the mass differences between the charged and neutral beauty mesons (B{sup {+-}}, on one hand, and B{sup 0} and B-bar{sup 0}, on the other hand). The calculations are based on the model where the Okubo-Zweig-Iizuka rule is dynamically violated owing to the intermediate state DD-bar(BB-bar) in the case of the {psi}(3770) [Y(10580)] meson. The inclusive annihilation of {psi}(3770) and Y(10580) mesons to light hadrons is discussed.

Achasov, N. N., E-mail: achasov@math.nsc.ru; Kozhevnikov, A. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, Siberian Division (Russian Federation)], E-mail: kozhev@math.nsc.ru

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

492

Search for a light NMSSM Higgs boson produced in supersymmetric cascades and decaying into a b-quark pair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for a light neutral Higgs boson decaying to a pair of b-quarks, and produced together with at least two very energetic jets and large missing energy, is presented. Such Higgs bosons are conceivable in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Model (NMSSM), with the Higgs sector characterized by two complex Higgs doublets and an additional Higgs singlet field. This could result in a light Higgs boson with a large singlet component, which would be hard to detect in conventional searches at LEP, LHC and Tevatron, but could be copiously produced in decays of neutralinos in supersymmetric cascades. The data used in this analysis correspond to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 $\\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$, collected by the CMS experiment in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $8\\,\\text{TeV}$. No indication of a signal is observed. The results are interpreted in terms of cross section limits and within the parameter space of certain NMSSM light Higgs boson scenarios.

CMS Collaboration

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

On a Devil's staircase associated to the joint spectral radii of a family of pairs of matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The joint spectral radius of a finite set of real d x d matrices is defined to be the maximum possible exponential rate of growth of products of matrices drawn from that set. In previous work with K. G. Hare and J. Theys we showed that for a certain one-parameter family of pairs of matrices, this maximum possible rate of growth is attained along Sturmian sequences with a certain characteristic ratio which depends continuously upon the parameter. In this note we answer some open questions from that paper by showing that the dependence of the ratio function upon the parameter takes the form of a Devil's staircase. We show in particular that this Devil's staircase attains every rational value strictly between 0 and 1 on some interval, and attains irrational values only in a set of Hausdorff dimension zero. This result generalises to include certain one-parameter families considered by other authors. We also give explicit formulas for the preimages of both rational and irrational numbers under the ratio function,...

Morris, Ian D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Scatchard plots Pairing Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A A G A-5' 1 1 + + IPA + + IPA AR AR AR Pol II p160 p300 Transcription AR TBP Pol II Med p160 p300 Med

Stoltz, Brian M.

495

Lung pair phantom  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is a material and method of making the material that exhibits improved radiation attenuation simulation of real lungs, i.e., an "authentic lung tissue" or ALT phantom. Specifically, the ALT phantom is a two-part polyurethane medium density foam mixed with calcium carbonate, potassium carbonate if needed for K-40 background, lanthanum nitrate, acetone, and a nitrate or chloride form of a radionuclide. This formulation is found to closely match chemical composition and linear attenuation of real lungs. The ALT phantom material is made according to established procedures but without adding foaming agents or preparing thixotropic concentrate and with a modification for ensuring uniformity of density of the ALT phantom that is necessary for accurate simulation. The modification is that the polyurethane chemicals are mixed at a low temperature prior to pouring the polyurethane mixture into the mold.

Olsen, Peter C. (West Richland, WA); Gordon, N. Ross (Kennewick, WA); Simmons, Kevin L. (Kennewick, WA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Paired Straight Hearth Furnace  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSalesOE0000652 Srivastava,Pacific1of Page Thisnew

497

Altering the Electrostatic Potential in the Major Groove: Thermodynamic and Structural Characterization of 7-Deaza-2;#8242;-deoxyadenosine:dT Base Pairing in DNA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of an ongoing effort to explore the effect of major groove electrostatics on the thermodynamic stability and structure of DNA, a 7-deaza-2'-deoxyadenosine:dT (7-deaza-dA:dT) base pair in the Dickerson-Drew dodecamer (DDD) was studied. The removal of the electronegative N7 atom on dA and the replacement with an electropositive C-H in the major groove was expected to have a significant effect on major groove electrostatics. The structure of the 7-deaza-dA:dT base pair was determined at 1.1 {angstrom} resolution in the presence of Mg{sup 2+}. The 7-deaza-dA, which is isosteric for dA, had minimal effect on the base pairing geometry and the conformation of the DDD in the crystalline state. There was no major groove cation association with the 7-deaza-dA heterocycle. In solution, circular dichroism showed a positive Cotton effect centered at 280 nm and a negative Cotton effect centered at 250 nm that were characteristic of a right-handed helix in the B-conformation. However, temperature-dependent NMR studies showed increased exchange between the thymine N3 imino proton of the 7-deaza-dA:dT base pair and water, suggesting reduced stacking interactions and an increased rate of base pair opening. This correlated with the observed thermodynamic destabilization of the 7-deaza-dA modified duplex relative to the DDD. A combination of UV melting and differential scanning calorimetry experiments were conducted to evaluate the relative contributions of enthalpy and entropy in the thermodynamic destabilization of the DDD. The most significant contribution arose from an unfavorable enthalpy term, which probably results from less favorable stacking interactions in the modified duplex, which was accompanied by a significant reduction in the release of water and cations from the 7-deaza-dA modified DNA.

Kowal, Ewa A.; Ganguly, Manjori; Pallan, Pradeep S.; Marky, Luis A.; Gold, Barry; Egli, Martin; Stone, Michael P. (Pitt); (Vanderbilt); (Nebraska-Med)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

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Oblique propagation of dust ion-acoustic solitary waves in a magnetized dusty pair-ion plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the propagation characteristics of electrostatic waves in a magnetized pair-ion plasma with immobile charged dusts. It is shown that obliquely propagating (OP) low-frequency (in comparison with the negative-ion cyclotron frequency) long-wavelength “slow” and “fast” modes can propagate, respectively, as dust ion-acoustic (DIA) and dust ion-cyclotron (DIC)-like waves. The properties of these modes are studied with the effects of obliqueness of propagation (?), the static magnetic field, the ratios of the negative to positive ion masses (m), and temperatures (T) as well as the dust to negative-ion number density ratio (?). Using the standard reductive perturbation technique, w