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Sample records for brazilian marlim canadian

  1. Brazil advances subsea technology in Marlim pilot

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-03-29

    Petroleum Brasileiro SA has extended several water depth records for subsea technology during a pilot project in giant Marlim oil field in the Campos basin off Brazil. Petrobras finished the 10 well Marlim pilot last December. The field's pilot phase was intended to begin early production and enable Petrobras to gather more reservoir data. Ten satellite wells, including two prepilot wells, were completed during the Marlim pilot phase with guidelineless (GLL) wet christmas trees designed and fabricated by FMC Corp., Houston, and CBV Industrial Mechanic SA, Rio de Janeiro. The subsea wells are producing 52,000 b/d of oil and 21.19 MMCfd of gas in water depths of 1,847-2,562 ft. Marlim pilot well flow is routed to a permanent semisubmersible floating production system (FPS). Oil moves from the FPS to a monobuoy that offloads to a shuttle tanker. In addition to marking the first successful uses of purpose-built GLL wet trees, FMC said the Marlim pilot project allowed GLL subsea technology to evolve from conceptual status into a proven deepwater completion method. The paper describes the project.

  2. untitled

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams (Dollars per Barrel) Year Quarter Month Algerian Saharan Blend Brazilian Marlim Canadian Bow River Heavy Canadian ...

  3. US Canadian Biofuels Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canadian Biofuels Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: US Canadian Biofuels Inc. Place: Green Bay, Wisconsin Zip: 54313 Sector: Biofuels Product: US Canadian Biofuels Inc is the...

  4. Canadian Solar Japan KK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Japan KK Jump to: navigation, search Name: Canadian Solar Japan KK Place: Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan Zip: 160-0022 Sector: Solar Product: Tokyo-based subsidiary of Canadian Solar,...

  5. QER- Comment of Canadian Gas Association

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    SENT ON BEHALF OF TIMOTHY M. EGAN PRESIDENT AND CEO CANADIAN GAS ASSOCIATION Dear Quadrennial Energy Review Task Force, Please find attached the submission from the Canadian Gas Association to the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) process.

  6. Polo Nacional de Biocombustiveis Brazilian Biofuels Programme...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nacional de Biocombustiveis Brazilian Biofuels Programme Jump to: navigation, search Name: Polo Nacional de Biocombustiveis (Brazilian Biofuels Programme) Place: Piracicaba (SP),...

  7. Canadian Fuel Cell Commercialization Roadmap Update: Progress...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fuel Cell Commercialization Roadmap Update: Progress of Canada's Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Industry Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Canadian Fuel Cell...

  8. Petroleum Supply Monthly

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Landed costs of imported crude oil for selected crude streams dollars per barrel Year quarter month Algerian Saharan Blend Brazilian Marlim Canadian Bow River Heavy Canadian Light Sour Blend Canadian Lloydminster 2004 - - 30.88 - 30.54 2005 - - 39.22 - 37.59 2006 - - 48.38 - 46.96 2007 - - 52.36 - 50.94 2008 - - 84.29 - 82.50 2009 65.95 58.94 55.71 59.12 53.44 2010 81.78 76.63 68.92 76.56 68.13 2011 115.82 107.13 82.02 96.52 82.24 2012 114.02 114.32 77.19 87.82 81.33 2013 113.45 108.43 76.88

  9. Canadian Solar Inc CSI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Canadian Solar Inc (CSI) Place: Kitchener, Ontario, Canada Zip: N2K 3S2 Sector: Solar Product: Canada-incorporated, China-based manufacturer of...

  10. QER - Comment of Canadian Hydropower Association | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Canadian Hydropower Association QER - Comment of Canadian Hydropower Association From: Pierre Lundahl [lundap@me.com] Sent: Friday, October 10, 2014 2:13 PM To: QERcomments CC: Jacob Irving Subject: Quadrennial Energy Review Comments Attachment: page2image18720.png; ATT00001.htm; Canadian Hydropower Association QER Submission_Oct-10-2014-Final.pdf; ATT00002.htm Dear DOE, You will find attached the comments of the Canadian Hydropower Association on the Quadriennal Energy Review. Inquiries about

  11. Brazilian Pellet Participation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Brazilian Pellet Participation Place: So Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Holding company with its subsidiary FPI Group located in Sao Paulo, planning...

  12. The Canadian experience in frontier environmental protection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, G.H. )

    1991-03-01

    Early Canadian frontier exploration (from 1955 onshore and from 1966 for offshore drilling) caused insignificant public concern. The 1967-1968 Torrey Canyon Tanker and Santa Barbara disasters roused public opinion and governments. In Canada, 1969-1970 Arctic gas blowouts, a tanker disaster, and damage to the 'Manhattan' exacerbated concerns and resulted in new environmental regulatory constraints. From 1970, the Arctic Petroleum Operations Association learned to operate safely with environmental responsibility. It studied physical environment for design criteria, and the biological and human environment to ameliorate impact. APOA's research projects covered sea-ice, permafrost, sea-bottom, oil-spills, bird and mammal migration, fish habitat, food chains, oceanography, meteorology, hunters'/trappers' harvests, etc. In 1971 Eastcoast Petroleum Operators' Association and Alaska Oil and Gas Association followed APOA's cooperative research model. EPOA stressed icebergs and fisheries. Certain research was handled by the Canadian Offshore Oil Spill Research Association. By the mid-1980s these associations had undertaken $70,000,000 of environmental oriented research, with equivalent additional work by member companies on specific needs and similar sums by Federal agencies often working with industry on complementary research. The frontier associations then merged with the Canadian Petroleum Association, already active environmentally in western Canada. Working with government and informing environmental interest groups, the public, natives, and local groups, most Canadian frontier petroleum operations proceeded with minimal delay and environmental disturbance.

  13. 2003 survey of Canadian radiation oncology residents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yee, Don . E-mail: donyee@cancerboard.ab.ca; Fairchild, Alysa; Keyes, Mira; Butler, Jim; Dundas, George

    2005-06-01

    Purpose: Radiation oncology's popularity as a career in Canada has surged in the past 5 years. Consequently, resident numbers in Canadian radiation oncology residencies are at all-time highs. This study aimed to survey Canadian radiation oncology residents about their opinions of their specialty and training experiences. Methods and Materials: Residents of Canadian radiation oncology residencies that enroll trainees through the Canadian Resident Matching Service were identified from a national database. Residents were mailed an anonymous survey. Results: Eight of 101 (7.9%) potential respondents were foreign funded. Fifty-two of 101 (51.5%) residents responded. A strong record of graduating its residents was the most important factor residents considered when choosing programs. Satisfaction with their program was expressed by 92.3% of respondents, and 94.3% expressed satisfaction with their specialty. Respondents planning to practice in Canada totaled 80.8%, and 76.9% plan to have academic careers. Respondents identified job availability and receiving adequate teaching from preceptors during residency as their most important concerns. Conclusions: Though most respondents are satisfied with their programs and specialty, job availability and adequate teaching are concerns. In the future, limited time and resources and the continued popularity of radiation oncology as a career will magnify the challenge of training competent radiation oncologists in Canada.

  14. QER- Comment of Canadian Electricity Association

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dear Ms. Pickett and/or DOE staff: Attached please find comments of the Canadian Electricity Association (CEA) on the Quadrennial Energy Review. Please confirm receipt at your convenience and please advise if you require anything further. Many thanks for this opportunity to provide comments. Best regards,

  15. Association of Brazilian Energy Service Companies ABESCO | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Brazilian Energy Service Companies (ABESCO) Place: Brazil Product: Brasil's ESCO association References: Association of Brazilian Energy Service Companies (ABESCO)1...

  16. Brazilian Association of Biomass Industries ABIB | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazilian Association of Biomass Industries ABIB Jump to: navigation, search Name: Brazilian Association of Biomass Industries (ABIB) Place: Curitiba, Parana, Brazil Sector:...

  17. Canadian Council of Chief Executives | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Canadian Council of Chief Executives Canadian Council of Chief Executives September 12, 2005 - 10:18am Addthis Remarks Prepared for Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman I am pleased to participate in today's forum with such an impressive group of representatives from the Canadian business sector. My earlier career in business, and my service in two other Cabinet Agencies, have given me a special appreciation for the unique, historic relationship that has always existed between our two nations, which

  18. EM Hosts Successful Visit from Canadian Nuclear Laboratories...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    professionals from Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (CNL) - Canada's premier nuclear technology and engineering organization - for two days at EM's Hanford site in November this year. ...

  19. Canadian County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Canadian County, Oklahoma Calumet, Oklahoma El Reno, Oklahoma Geary, Oklahoma Mustang, Oklahoma Okarche, Oklahoma Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Piedmont, Oklahoma Union City,...

  20. Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Canadian Energy Demand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Canadian Energy Demand June 2015 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Canadian Energy Demand This report was based on Natural Resources Canada 2009 data (accessed in 2012). For more current data see Handbook tables:

  1. Extractive reserves in Brazilian Amazonia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fearnside, P.M )

    1989-06-01

    In 1985 an opportunity arose for maintaining tracts of Amazonian forest under sustainable use. Brazil's National Council of Rubber Tappers and the Rural Worker's Union proposed the creation of a set of reserves of a new type, called extractive reserves. The first six are being established in one of the Brazilian states most threatened by deforestatation. The creation of extractive reserves grants legal protection to forest land traditionally used by rubber tappers, Brazil-nut gatherers, and other extractivists. The term extrativismo (extractivism) in Brazil refers to removing nontimber forest products, such as latex, resins, and nuts, without felling the trees. Approximately 30 products are collected for commercial sale. Many more types of forest materials are gathered, for example as food and medicines, for the extractivists' own use. The reserve proposal is attractive for several reasons related to social problems. It allows the rubber tappers to continue their livelihood rather than be expelled by deforestation. However, it is unlikely that sufficient land will be set aside as extractive reserves to employ all the tappers. Displaced rubber tappers already swell the ranks of urban slum dwellers in Brazil's Amazonian cities, and they have become refugees to continue their profession in the forests of neighboring countries, such as Bolivia.

  2. EA-189 PanCanadian Energy Services Inc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9 PanCanadian Energy Services Inc EA-189 PanCanadian Energy Services Inc ORder authorizing PanCanadian Energy Services Inc to export electric energy to Canada. EA-189 PanCanadian Energy Services Inc (31.79 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-171-A Powerex EA-122-A Dynegy Power Marketing, Inc EA-232 OGE Energy Resources

  3. Brazilian Renewable Energy Company Ltd Brenco | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Company Ltd Brenco Jump to: navigation, search Name: Brazilian Renewable Energy Company Ltd. (Brenco) Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: CEP 05422-001 Product: Brenco is...

  4. The Hydrogen Laboratory and The Brazilian Reference Center for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Hydrogen Laboratory and The Brazilian Reference Center for Hydrogen Energy Presentation given by Newton Pimenta and Cristiano Pinto of the State University of Campinas at the ...

  5. GE to provide data, analytics to Brazilian Canoe Confederation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    GE to sponsor Brazilian Canoe Confederation Innovative partnership will pair GE software scientists with athletes to explore how big data can help them optimize their performance ...

  6. Evader Garini Brazilian scooter JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Evader Garini Brazilian scooter JV Place: Brazil Product: A Joint venture between US-based electric motorcycle manufacturer, Evader Inc, and...

  7. Policy Analysis of the Canadian Oil Sands Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2013-09-01

    For those who support U.S. oil sands development, the Canadian oil sands industry is often identified as a model the U.S. might emulate, yielding financial and energy security benefits. For opponents of domestic oil sands development, the Canadian oil sands experience illustrates the risks that opponents of development believe should deter domestic policymakers from incenting U.S. oil sands development. This report does not seek to evaluate the particular underpinnings of either side of this policy argument, but rather attempts to delve into the question of whether the Canadian experience has relevance as a foundational model for U.S. oil sands development. More specifically, this report seeks to assess whether and how the Canadian oil sands experience might be predictive or instructive in the context of fashioning a framework for a U.S. oil sands industry. In evaluating the implications of these underpinnings for a prospective U.S. oil sands industry, this report concentrates on prospective development of the oil sands deposits found in Utah.

  8. Canadian incentives for oil and gas exploration. [Applicability to USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-04-01

    During the 1970s a number of different exploration and production incentive programs were put in place in Canada, in particular in the Province of Alberta, Canada's principal oil- and gas-producing province. The DOE/RA is evaluating Canadian incentives for oil and gas exploration, and this study is intended to provide information that will help guide DOE/RA in determining the applicability of Canadian incentive programs in US energy policy. The study describes and documents the fiscal structure in which the Canadian oil industry operates. The incentive features of pricing policy, taxation policy, and provincial royalty systems are discussed. A principal focus of the study is on one of the most important of Canada's specific incentive programs, the Alberta Exploratory Drilling Incentive Credit Program (EDICP). The study describes and evaluates the effect of the EDICP on increased oil and gas exploration activity. Similarly, the study also reviews and evaluates other specific incentive programs such as the Alberta Geophysical Incentive Program, Frontier Exploration Allowances, and various tar sand and heavy oil development incentives. Finally the study evaluates the applicability of Canadian incentives to US energy policy.

  9. Western Canadian coking coals -- Thermal rheology and coking quality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leeder, W.R.; Price, J.T.; Gransden, J.F.

    1997-12-31

    Methods of predicting coke strength developed from the thermal rheological properties of Carboniferous coals frequently indicate that Cretaceous coals would not make high quality coke -- yet both types of coals produce coke suitable for the iron blast furnace. This paper will discuss the reasons why Western Canadian coals exhibit lower rheological values and how to predict the strength of coke produced from them.

  10. Availability of Canadian imports to meet U.S. demand for ethane, propane and butane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hawkins, D.J.

    1996-12-31

    Historically, Canada has had a surplus of ethane, propane and butane. Almost all of the available propane and butane in Canadian natural gas streams is recovered. While there is significant ethane recovery in Canada, ethane that cannot be economically sold is left in the gas streams. All of the surplus Canadian ethane and most of the Canadian surplus propane and butane is exported to the US. Some volumes of Canadian propane and butane have been moved offshore by marine exports to the Asia-Pacific region or South America, or directly to Mexico by rail. Essentially all of the Canadian ethane, 86% of the propane and 74% of the butane are recovered by gas processing. Canadian natural gas production has increased significantly over the last 10 years. Canadian gas resources in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin should permit further expansion of gas exports, and several gas pipeline projects are pending to expand the markets for Canadian gas in the US. The prospective increase in Canadian gas production will yield higher volumes of ethane, propane and butane. While there is a potential to expand domestic markets for ethane, propane and butane, a significant part of the incremental production will move to export markets. This paper provides a forecast of the expected level of ethane, propane and butane exports from Canada and discusses the supply, demand and logistical developments which may affect export availability from Canada.

  11. Canadian oilsands, heavy oil adjusting to tough economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-11

    Canadian oilsands and heavy oil operators are using operational upgrades and substantial research outlays as key weapons against an economic squeeze brought about largely by volatile oil prices. The Canadian Oilsands Network for Research and Development (Conrad) was formed late last year to coordinate nonproprietary research on oilsands technology among industry, government, and academic centers. The Alberta Oilsands Technology and Research Authority (Aostra), now part of Alberta's energy department, also is active with a number of industry partners in oilsands and heavy oil research. Aostra has made significant gains in demonstration projects. The paper discusses upgrader problems, key ingredients to improving operations and development of new technology, syncrude operations, cost, environmental upgrading, Imperials' heavy oil operation at Cold Lake, Shell's operation at Peace River and Amoco operations in Canada.

  12. QER- Comment of Canadian Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dear Sir/Madam, The Canadian Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association (CHFCA) was pleased to participate in the September 18, 2014 special dialogue on the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) that was held in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. At this time, we understand the QER is seeking to provide a multiyear roadmap that focuses on energy infrastructure with specific attention on the transmission, storage and distribution (TS&D) systems that make up North America’s oil, gas and electricity infrastructure.

  13. Renormalization of the Brazilian chiral nucleon-nucleon potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Da Rocha, Carlos A.; Timoteo, Varese S.

    2013-03-25

    In this work we present a renormalization of the Brazilian nucleon-nucleon (NN) potential using a subtractive method. We show that the exchange of correlated two pion is important for isovector channels, mainly in tensor and central potentials.

  14. The Hydrogen Laboratory and The Brazilian Reference Center for Hydrogen

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy | Department of Energy The Hydrogen Laboratory and The Brazilian Reference Center for Hydrogen Energy The Hydrogen Laboratory and The Brazilian Reference Center for Hydrogen Energy Presentation given by Newton Pimenta and Cristiano Pinto of the State University of Campinas at the CNG and Hydrogen Lessons Learned Workshop on December 10, 2009 cng_h2_workshop_12_ohi.pdf (621.46 KB) More Documents & Publications Overview of DOE - DOT December 2009 CNG and Hydrogen Fuels Workshop

  15. Landed Costs of Imported Crude for Selected Crude Streams

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Algerian Saharan Blend 65.95 81.78 115.82 114.02 113.45 2009-2013 Angolan Cabinda 1978-2008 Brazilian Marlim 58.94 76.63 107.13 114.32...

  16. Specifying energy to stimulate the market - the Canadian Federal Government

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirk, I.

    1995-12-01

    Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC) is the equivalent to the U.S. General Services Administration (GSA). The Central Procurement Agency purchases all goods and services for the federal public sector-$1.5 billion per annum expenditure for information technology. The personal computer (PC) group buys about 300 million PCs per annum. All requirements are fulfilled through a competitive process, which involves a Request for Proposal. The lowest compliant bidder always wins. All requirements are computed under GATT and NAFTA. PWGSC and GSA purchase the same office technology. PWGSC has a standing offer method of supply, much like a GSA schedule. Only the least expensive vendors are allowed on the standing offer after a Request for Standing Offer. The price is determined by a mean plus one standard deviation, so 68% of the bidders make it on to the standing offer. Multiple vendors offer multiple platforms, and a wide variety are from the United States and the Canadian Pacific Rim. New PC technology introduced through categories is where the `green` issue comes in. Those categories reflect new PC technology, usually models with Intel CPUs. A green PC category was created in parallel with other nongreen categories. All the testing - not necessarily green testing - was done by the Philadelphia based National Software Testing Laboratory. Again, the lowest compliant bidder is always used. This laboratory does a good job of performance, usability, and compatibility studies. The green category, one category out of a possible six, specifies Energy Star. All the suppliers to the Canadian Government also supply to the U.S. Government. Canadian PC manufacturers essentially repackage Taiwanese or U.S. components, and through the insight of GSA, it is very easy for a vendor to become an Energy Star partner. An in-house test methodology with a watt meter was developed.

  17. An economical and market analysis of Canadian wood pellets.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peng, J.

    2010-08-01

    This study systematically examined the current and future wood pellet market, estimated the cost of Canadian torrefied pellets, and compared the torrefied pellets with the conventional pellets based on literature and industrial data. The results showed that the wood pellet industry has been gaining significant momentum due to the European bioenergy incentives and the rising oil and natural gas prices. With the new bioenergy incentives in USA, the future pellets market may shift to North America, and Canada can potentially become the largest pellet production centre, supported by the abundant wood residues and mountain pine beetle (MPB) infested trees.

  18. Hydropower Resource Assessment of Brazilian Streams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas G. Hall

    2011-09-01

    The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) with the assistance of the Empresa de Pesquisa Energetica (EPE) and the Agencia Nacional de Energia Electrica (ANEEL) has performed a comprehensive assessment of the hydropower potential of all Brazilian natural streams. The methodology by which the assessment was performed is described. The results of the assessment are presented including an estimate of the hydropower potential for all of Brazil, and the spatial distribution of hydropower potential thus providing results on a state by state basis. The assessment results have been incorporated into a geographic information system (GIS) application for the Internet called the Virtual Hydropower Prospector do Brasil. VHP do Brasil displays potential hydropower sites on a map of Brazil in the context of topography and hydrography, existing power and transportation infrastructure, populated places and political boundaries, and land use. The features of the application, which includes tools for finding and selecting potential hydropower sites and other features and displaying their attributes, is fully described.

  19. Brazilian rain forest security - environment - development. Study project report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arruda, P.A.

    1993-03-25

    The Amazon region has been intensely discussed in the recent years. Most of these discussions have been highly influenced by interests groups. To understand the Amazon area we need to specify what the Amazon is, to describe the forest, to evaluate its mineral and biological resources, and to study the people living in the region. A security analysis reveals that there are no main threats to Brazilian Amazon. Nevertheless, narco guerrillas, acting in neighboring countries, can cross the borders and challenge regional authorities. First World interests may disturb Brazilian policies to the region. To face these threats, Brazilian armed forces maintain a well trained military sharing with other native people the security and the routes towards progress. Brazilian government is also implementing some programs to achieve a well balanced development. The new concepts of sustainable development are applied to keep the region's natural resources available for future generations. Among these programs this paper addresses the ecological economic zoning, Calha Norte Program and Amazon Protection System (SIPAM/SIVAM). In synthesis it demonstrates the Brazilian commitment to integrate, develop and preserve this rich and exotic region.

  20. Research Without Borders: NETL Pens MOU with Brazilian Coal Association

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory and the Brazilian Coal Association signed a Memorandum of Understanding on carbon capture and storage (CCS) in Florianópolis, Brazil. By signing the MOU, both parties agreed to work together over the next 5 years to assess the potential of CCS in fossil fuel–based systems, as well as the development of clean coal technologies applicable to Brazilian coals. The memorandum also covers the development of other technologies to reduce the environmental impact of fossil fuel production and use.

  1. A Canadian Solution for Management of Mixed Liquid Waste - 13384

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suryanarayan, Sriram; Husain, Aamir

    2013-07-01

    Mixed liquid wastes (MLW) from Canadian nuclear facilities consist of solvents, PCB (Poly Chlorinated Biphenyls) and non-PCB contaminated oils and aqueous wastes. Historically, MLW drums were shipped to a licensed US facility for destruction via incineration. This option is relatively expensive considering the significant logistics and destruction costs involved. In addition, commercial waste destruction facilities in US cannot accept PCB wastes from non-US jurisdictions. Because of this, Kinectrics has recently developed a novel and flexible process for disposing both PCB as well as non-PCB contaminated MLW within Canada. This avoids the need for cross-border shipments which significantly reduces the complexity and cost for waste disposal. This paper presents an overview of the various approaches and activities undertaken to date by Kinectrics for successfully processing and disposing the MLW drums. A summary of the results, challenges and how they were overcome are also presented. (authors)

  2. Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Canadian Energy Demand

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2015-01-01

    The residential sector is one of the main end-use sectors in Canada accounting for 16.7% of total end-use site energy consumption in 2009 (computed from NRCan 2012. pp, 4-5). In this year, the residential sector accounted for 54.5% of buildings total site energy consumption. Between 1990 and 2009, Canadian household energy consumption grew by less than 11%. Nonetheless, households contributed to 14.6% of total energy-related greenhouse gas emissions in Canada in 2009 (computed from NRCan 2012). This is the U.S. Energy Information Administrations second study to help provide a better understanding of the factors impacting residential energy consumption and intensity in North America (mainly the United States and Canada) by using similar methodology for analyses in both countries.

  3. Implementation of the Brazilian National Repository - RBMN Project - 13008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cassia Oliveira de Tello, Cledola

    2013-07-01

    Ionizing radiation in Brazil is used in electricity generation, medicine, industry, agriculture and for research and development purposes. All these activities can generate radioactive waste. At this point, in Brazil, the use of nuclear energy and radioisotopes justifies the construction of a national repository for radioactive wastes of low and intermediate-level. According to Federal Law No. 10308, Brazilian National Commission for Nuclear Energy (CNEN) is responsible for designing and constructing the intermediate and final storages for radioactive wastes. Additionally, a restriction on the construction of Angra 3 is that the repository is under construction until its operation start, attaining some requirements of the Brazilian Environmental Regulator (IBAMA). Besides this NPP, in the National Energy Program is previewed the installation of four more plants, by 2030. In November 2008, CNEN launched the Project RBMN (Repository for Low and Intermediate-Level Radioactive Wastes), which aims at the implantation of a National Repository for disposal of low and intermediate-level of radiation wastes. This Project has some aspects that are unique in the Brazilian context, especially referring to the time between its construction and the end of its institutional period. This time is about 360 years, when the area will be released for unrestricted uses. It means that the Repository must be safe and secure for more than three hundred years, which is longer than half of the whole of Brazilian history. This aspect is very new for the Brazilian people, bringing a new dimension to public acceptance. Another point is this will be the first repository in South America, bringing a real challenge for the continent. The current status of the Project is summarized. (authors)

  4. BETO-Funded Study Finds Increased Carbon Intensity from Canadian Oil Sands

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    A recently released study from Argonne National Laboratory shows that gasoline and diesel refined from Canadian oil sands have a higher carbon impact than fuels derived from conventional domestic crude sources.

  5. Analysis of clear hour solar irradiation for seven Canadian stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrison, J.; Sahami, K.

    1995-12-31

    Hourly global and diffuse irradiation and corresponding surface meteorological data have been analyzed for the seven Canadian stations at Edmonton, Goose Bay, Montreal, Port Hardy, Resolute, Toronto, and Winnipeg. The variation of the most probable clear hour values of clearness index k{sub t}, diffuse index k{sub d}, direct beam index k{sub b}, and Angstrom turbidity coefficient {beta} with solar elevation, atmospheric precipitable water, and snow depth are obtained. Values of these quantities are presented which are consistent with the attenuation and scattering of solar radiation by the atmosphere which is expected. The most probable values of {beta} tend to be lower than the average values of {beta} recently reported by Gueymard. The data indicate a drift in the calibration of the instruments used for measurements of the irradiation data for the stations at Goose Bay and Resolute. The data for the other five stations indicate that the instrument calibration is maintained over the years of the data. 4 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

  6. Creating healthier environments: Performance contracting in the Canadian Healthcare Industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O`Conner, T.

    1995-06-01

    More efficient use of energy reduces the fossil fuel pollutants entering the air. It takes money out of expenses, now paying for wasted energy, and puts it in the revenue stream. That`s good for an individual business and good for a country. When we practice energy efficiency in healthcare facilities, we get environmental benefits to our health and more resources to devote to health care. Canadians realize this. People throughout the world are increasingly aware of this. But even with all these benefits, organizations -- hospitals, universities, businesses, government -- lack the money to do the job. If only they could get their hands on all the money that goes up the smokestack for wasted energy...money they are now paying the utilities for energy they don`t really need. If only they could think of dollars for energy efficiency as an investment, not an expense. That is exactly what performance contracting involves: a firm that is willing to invest in an organization`s energy efficiency. As with any investment, you look at the cost, the risks and the potential return. In one way or another, that`s what all of us do when we are considering a performance contracting investment.

  7. NREL, Brazilian Energy Company to Collaborate on Bioenergy - News Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    | NREL NREL, Brazilian Energy Company to Collaborate on Bioenergy Research Agreement with Petrobras Could Speed Fuels to Market November 20, 2008 The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Petróleo Brasileiro S.A. (Petrobras) announced today that they have signed an agreement that could accelerate the development and international commercialization of biofuels. The announcement was made at the International Biofuels Conference in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The

  8. Structural framework, stratigraphy, and evolution of Brazilian marginal basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ojeda, H.A.O.

    1982-06-01

    The structural framework of the Brazilian continental margin is basically composed of eight structural types: antithetic tilted step-fault blocks, synthetic untilted step-fault blocks, structural inversion axes, hinges with compensation grabens, homoclinal structures, growth faults with rollovers, diapirs, and igneous structures. The antithetic tilted and synthetic untilted step-fault blocks are considered as synchronous, complementary structural systems, separated by an inversion axis. Two evaporitic cycles (Paripueira and Ibura) were differentiated in the Sergipe-Alagoas type basin and tentatively correlated to the evaporitic section of other Brazilian marginal basis. Four phases are considered in the evolution of the Brazilian marginal basins: pre-rift, rift, transitional, and drift. During the pre-rift phase (Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous), continental sediments were deposited in peripheral intracratonic basins. In the rift phase (Early Cretaceous), the breakup of the continental crust of the Gondwana continent gave rise to a central graben and rift valleys where lacustrine sediments were deposited. The transitional phase (Aptian) developed under relative tectonic stability, when evaporitic and clastic lacustrine sequences were being deposited. In the drift phase (Albian to Holocene), a regionl homoclinal structure developed, consisting of two distinct sedimentary sequences, a lower clastic-carbonate and an upper clastic. From the Albian to the Holocene Epoch, structures associated to plastic displacement of salt or shale developed in many Brazilian marginal basins. Two phases of major igneous activity occurred: one in the Early Cretaceous associated with the rift phase of the Gondwana continent, and the other in the Tertiary during the migration phase of the South American and African plates.

  9. Canadian House Dust Study: Lead Bioaccessibility and Speciation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    P Rasmussen; S Beauchemin; M Chenier; C Levesque; L MacLean; L Marrow; H Jones-Otazo; S Petrovic; L McDonald; H Gardner

    2011-12-31

    Vacuum samples were collected from 1025 randomly selected urban Canadian homes to investigate bioaccessible Pb (Pb{sub S}) concentrations in settled house dust. Results indicate a polymodal frequency distribution, consisting of three lognormally distributed subpopulations defined as 'urban background' (geomean 58 {micro}g g{sup -1}), 'elevated' (geomean 447 {micro}g g{sup -1}), and 'anomalous' (geomean 1730 {micro}g g{sup -1}). Dust Pb{sub S} concentrations in 924 homes (90%) fall into the 'urban background' category. The elevated and anomalous subpopulations predominantly consist of older homes located in central core areas of cities. The influence of house age is evidenced by a moderate correlation between house age and dust Pb{sub S} content (R{sup 2} = 0.34; n = 1025; p < 0.01), but it is notable that more than 10% of homes in the elevated/anomalous category were built after 1980. Conversely, the benefit of home remediation is evidenced by the large number of homes (33%) in the background category that were built before 1960. The dominant dust Pb species determined using X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy were as follows: Pb carbonate, Pb hydroxyl carbonate, Pb sulfate, Pb chromate, Pb oxide, Pb citrate, Pb metal, Pb adsorbed to Fe- and Al-oxyhydroxides, and Pb adsorbed to humate. Pb bioaccessibility estimated from solid phase speciation predicts Pb bioaccessibility measured using a simulated gastric extraction (R{sup 2} = 0.85; n = 12; p < 0.0001). The trend toward increased Pb bioaccessibility in the elevated and anomalous subpopulations (75% {+-} 18% and 81% {+-} 8%, respectively) compared to background (63% {+-} 18%) is explained by the higher proportion of bioaccessible compounds used as pigments in older paints (Pb carbonate and Pb hydroxyl carbonate). This population-based study provides a nationally representative urban baseline for applications in human health risk assessment and risk management.

  10. Multibiomarker assessment of three Brazilian estuaries using oysters as bioindicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valdez Domingos, F.X. Azevedo, M.; Silva, M.D.; Randi, M.A.F.; Freire, C.A.; Silva de Assis, H.C.; Oliveira Ribeiro, C.A.

    2007-11-15

    Oysters have been largely employed as bioindicators of environmental quality in biomonitoring studies. Crassostrea rhizophorae was selected to evaluate the health status of three estuarine areas impacted by anthropogenic activities along the Brazilian coast, in three estuarine complexes, ranging in latitude from 7 to 25 deg. S. In each estuary three sites were sampled in Winter and in Summer: a site considered as reference, and two sites next to contamination sources. Condition index was similar at all sites and estuaries, with the highest values found for Itamaraca oysters in Summer. Necrosis, hyperplasia, mucocyte hypertrophy and fusion of ordinary filaments were the main histopathological lesions observed. Muscle cholinesterase activity was overall similar, but with a strong seasonal effect. Inhibition or activation of branchial total ATPase and Na,K-ATPase activities at the contaminated sites was observed. The health status of these estuarine areas is quite similar, and the combined use of biomarkers is recommended.

  11. Tectonic evolution of Brazilian equatorial continental margin basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Azevedo, R.P. )

    1993-02-01

    The structural style and stratigraphic relationships of sedimentary basins along the Brazilian Equatorial Atlantic Continental Margin were used to construct an empirical tectonic model for the development of ancient transform margins. The model is constrained by detailed structural and subsidence analyses of several basins along the margin. The structural framework of the basins was defined at shallow and deep levels by the integration of many geophysical and geological data sets. The Barreirinhas and Para-Maranhao Basins were divided in three tectonic domains: the Tutoia, Caete, and Tromai subbasins. The Caete area is characterized by northwest-southeast striking and northeast-dipping normal faults. A pure shear mechanism of basin formation is suggested for its development. The structure of the Tutoia and Tromai subbasins are more complex and indicative of a major strike-slip component with dextral sense of displacement, during early stages of basin evolution. These two later subbasins were developed on a lithosphere characterized by an abrupt transition (<50 km wide) from an unstretched continent to an oceanic lithosphere. The subsidence history of these basins do not comply with the classical models developed for passive margins or continental rifting. The thermo-mechanical model proposed for the Brazilian equatorial margin includes heterogeneous stretching combined with shearing at the plate margin. The tectonic history comprises: (1) Triassic-Jurassic limited extension associated with the Central Atlantic evolution; (2) Neocomian intraplate deformation consisting of strike-slip reactivation of preexisting shear zones; (3) Aptian-Cenomanian two-phase period of dextral shearing; and (4) Late Cretaceous-Cenozoic sea-floor spreading.

  12. Assessment and management of aquatic impacts from airport de-icing activities -- The Canadian perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kent, R.A.; Andersen, D.; Simpson, A.

    1995-12-31

    Historically, aircraft deicing fluids have simply drained from aircraft and runway surfaces into airport drainage systems and invariably end up in surrounding receiving aquatic systems. This led to recent concerns over environmental impacts from glycol-based fluids typically used for deicing aircraft. Glycols from de-icing fluids have been detected at high levels at Canadian airports. Concern not only stems from the high volumes being used at relatively few point sources, but also to the higher toxicity of the formulated de-icing fluids, compared to pure glycols. As a result, significant environmental management efforts have been made at Canadian airports over the last 4 years, including extensive stormwater monitoring, glycol mitigation and pollution prevention plans. Site-specific mitigation plans have been implemented at 15 major Canadian airports which typically include glycol containment, collection and removal. While a reasonable dataset is available on the toxicity of pure glycols, much less information is available on the toxicity of formulated deicers. Furthermore, there have been very few field assessments of the aquatic impacts of de-icing. To date, management regimes developed to address the problem in Canada have focused almost exclusively on glycols and voluntary compliance to discharge limits and receiving water quality guidelines. This approach has resulted in reductions in the quantities of glycols which are released from Canadian airports into the surrounding environment. Currently, government and industry are refining this management system with an examination of new approaches and options such as more holistic airport wastewater quality assessments and toxicity-based guidelines.

  13. NEPA analysis of US-Canadian power transactions under the Columbia River Treaty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierce, K.S.; Weintraub, N.H.; Linehan, A.O.

    1995-12-01

    The Columbia River Treaty of 1961 led to the development of three hydroelectric projects on the Columbia River in Canada and one in the United States. Canada sold its share of the downstream power generation benefits of these facilities to US utilities for 30 years. The administrator of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) of the US Department of Energy is the {open_quotes}United States Entity{close_quotes} under the Columbia River Treaty with Canada. BPA prepared the {open_quotes}Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement{close_quotes} Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to evaluate alternative means for the US to return to Canada the Canadian share of the downstream benefits when these 30-year agreements expire. Alternatives on both sides of the US-Canada border included new high-voltage transmission lines; new generating and conservation resources; and power sales, exchanges, and other transactions. BPA developed an EIS methodology and graphical representation technique for comparing the diverse options associated with the Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement that were instrumental in helping managers understand the impacts of alternatives in a timely manner. A graphical, modular approach helped convey complex relationships in ways that were easy to read and understand. In addition, analysis of potential environmental impacts in Canada was developed in order to provide relevant information to US decision-makers, without compromising the Canadian environmental review process. As a result, environmental analysis was fully integrated into the decision process. The EIS approach used in this project has become a prototype for other Department of Energy NEPA documents, both site-specific and programmatic.

  14. Holding Mother Earth Sacred: Photo Journal Through an American Indian and Canadian Aboriginal Cultural Lens

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    HOLDING MOTHER EARTH SACRED Developing Energy Resources * Creating Sustainable Jobs * Honoring Indigenous Beliefs A Photo Journal Through an American Indian and Canadian Aboriginal Cultural Lens Vision Intention / Intersecting Points of Focus * To highlight the important role Native American and Aboriginal workers have in conventional energy production, sustainable energy development and green job creation on tribal lands in the US and Canada * To raise awareness about OH & S and

  15. Canadian gas exports in the U.S. market: 1995 evaluation and outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-12-31

    The report summarizes data and information relating to the North American natural gas industry including supply (US, Canada, regional), demand (focusing on US sectoral demand), prices, and transportation capacities. Section 1 presents a review of industry events in 1995 and section 2 contains forecasts to the year 2000. Section 3 reviews regulatory developments which affect current and future exports of Canadian natural gas, including rolled-in versus incremental tolling, unbundling of local distribution companies, policies on market-based rates, and incentive regulation. The appendix summarizes the current electric industry restructuring process in the United States.

  16. Canadian gas exports in the U. S. market: 1995 evaluation and outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1996-01-01

    The report summarizes data and information relating to the North American natural gas industry including supply (US, Canada, regional), demand (focusing on US sectoral demand), prices, and transportation capacities. Section 1 presents a review of industry events in 1995 and section 2 contains forecasts to the year 2000. Section 3 reviews regulatory developments which affect current and future exports of Canadian natural gas, including rolled-in versus incremental tolling, unbundling of local distribution companies, policies on market-based rates, and incentive regulation. The appendix summarizes the current electric industry restructuring process in the United States.

  17. Delayed Workforce Entry and High Emigration Rates for Recent Canadian Radiation Oncology Graduates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loewen, Shaun K.; Halperin, Ross; Lefresne, Shilo; Trotter, Theresa; Stuckless, Teri; Brundage, Michael

    2015-10-01

    Purpose: To determine the employment status and location of recent Canadian radiation oncology (RO) graduates and to identify current workforce entry trends. Methods and Materials: A fill-in-the-blank spreadsheet was distributed to all RO program directors in December 2013 and June 2014, requesting the employment status and location of their graduates over the last 3 years. Visa trainee graduates were excluded. Results: Response rate from program directors was 100% for both survey administrations. Of 101 graduates identified, 99 (98%) had known employment status and location. In the December survey, 5 2013 graduates (16%), 17 2012 graduates (59%), and 18 2011 graduates (75%) had permanent staff employment. Six months later, 5 2014 graduates (29%), 15 2013 graduates (48%), 24 2012 graduates (83%), and 21 2011 graduates (88%) had secured staff positions. Fellowships and temporary locums were common for those without staff employment. The proportion of graduates with staff positions abroad increased from 22% to 26% 6 months later. Conclusions: Workforce entry for most RO graduates was delayed but showed steady improvement with longer time after graduation. High emigration rates for jobs abroad signify domestic employment challenges for newly certified, Canadian-trained radiation oncologists. Coordination on a national level is required to address and regulate radiation oncologist supply and demand disequilibrium in Canada.

  18. Computation of a Canadian SCWR unit cell with deterministic and Monte Carlo codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrisson, G.; Marleau, G.

    2012-07-01

    The Canadian SCWR has the potential to achieve the goals that the generation IV nuclear reactors must meet. As part of the optimization process for this design concept, lattice cell calculations are routinely performed using deterministic codes. In this study, the first step (self-shielding treatment) of the computation scheme developed with the deterministic code DRAGON for the Canadian SCWR has been validated. Some options available in the module responsible for the resonance self-shielding calculation in DRAGON 3.06 and different microscopic cross section libraries based on the ENDF/B-VII.0 evaluated nuclear data file have been tested and compared to a reference calculation performed with the Monte Carlo code SERPENT under the same conditions. Compared to SERPENT, DRAGON underestimates the infinite multiplication factor in all cases. In general, the original Stammler model with the Livolant-Jeanpierre approximations are the most appropriate self-shielding options to use in this case of study. In addition, the 89 groups WIMS-AECL library for slight enriched uranium and the 172 groups WLUP library for a mixture of plutonium and thorium give the most consistent results with those of SERPENT. (authors)

  19. Comparison of slope stability in two Brazilian municipal landfills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gharabaghi, B. Singh, M.K.; Inkratas, C. Fleming, I.R. McBean, E.

    2008-07-01

    analysis method is presented in a case study of two Brazilian landfill sites; the Cruz das Almas Landfill in Maceio and the Muribeca Landfill in Recife. The Muribeca site has never recorded a slope failure and is much larger and better-maintained when compared to the Maceio site at which numerous minor slumps and slides have been observed. Conventional limit-equilibrium analysis was used to calculate factors of safety for stability of the landfill side slopes. Results indicate that the Muribeca site is more stable with computed factors of safety values in the range 1.6-2.4 compared with computed values ranging from 0.9 to 1.4 for the Maceio site at which slope failures have been known to occur. The results suggest that this approach may be useful as a screening-level tool when considering the feasibility of implementing LFGTE projects.

  20. Evolution of the core physics concept for the Canadian supercritical water reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pencer, J.; Colton, A.; Wang, X.; Gaudet, M.; Hamilton, H.; Yetisir, M.

    2013-07-01

    The supercritical water cooled reactor (SCWR) is one of the advanced reactor concepts chosen by the GEN-IV International Forum (GIF) for research and development efforts. Canada's contribution is the Canadian SCWR, a heavy water moderated, pressure tube supercritical light water cooled reactor. Recent developments in the SCWR lattice and core concepts, primarily the introduction of a large central flow tube filled with coolant combined with a two-ring fuel assembly, have enabled significant improvements compared to earlier concepts. These improvements include a reduction in coolant void reactivity (CVR) by more than 10 mk, and an almost 40% increase in fuel exit burnup, which is achieved via balanced power distribution between the fuel pins in the fuel assembly. In this paper the evolution of the physics concept is reviewed, and the present lattice and core physics concepts are presented.

  1. "Modeling the Integrated Expansion of the Canadian and U.S. Power Sectors with the Regional Energy Deployment System" Study Now Available

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has released a study entitled "Modeling the Integrated Expansion of the Canadian and U.S. Power Sectors with the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS)”. Funded by OE, this study documents a development effort that created a robust representation of the combined capacity expansion of the U.S. and Canadian electric sectors in the NREL Regional Energy Deployment System model.

  2. Limitations Influencing Interventional Radiology in Canada: Results of a National Survey by the Canadian Interventional Radiology Association (CIRA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Brien, Jeremy; Baerlocher, Mark Otto Asch, Murray R.; Hayeems, Eran; Kachura, John R.; Collingwood, Peter

    2007-09-15

    Purpose. To describe the current state and limitations to interventional radiology (IR) in Canada through a large, national survey of Canadian interventional radiologists. Methods. An anonymous online survey was offered to members of the Canadian Interventional Radiology Association (CIRA). Only staff radiologists were invited to participate. Results. Seventy-five (75) responses were received from a total of 247, giving a response rate of 30%. Respondents were split approximately equally between academic centers (47%) and community practice (53%), and the majority of interventional radiologists worked in hospitals with either 200-500 (49%) or 500-1,000 (39%) beds. Procedures listed by respondents as most commonly performed in their practice included PICC line insertion (83%), angiography and stenting (65%), and percutaneous biopsy (37%). Procedures listed as not currently performed but which interventional radiologists believed would benefit their patient population included radiofrequency ablation (36%), carotid stenting (34%), and aortic stenting (21%); the majority of respondents noted that a lack of support from referring services was the main reason for not performing these procedures (56%). Impediments to increasing scope and volume of practice in Canadian IR were most commonly related to room or equipment shortage (35%), radiologist shortage (33%), and a lack of funding or administrative support (28%). Conclusion. Interventional radiology in Canada is limited by a number of factors including funding, manpower, and referral support. A concerted effort should be undertaken by individual interventional radiologists and IR organizations to increase training capacity, funding, remuneration, and public exposure to IR in order to help advance the subspecialty.

  3. Inventory of current environmental monitoring projects in the US-Canadian transboundary region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glantz, C.S.; Ballinger, M.Y.; Chapman, E.G.

    1986-05-01

    This document presents the results of a study commissioned to survey and summarize major environmental monitoring projects in the US-Canadian transboundary region. Projects with field sites located within 400 km (250 mi) of the border and active after 1980 were reviewed. The types of projects included: ambient air-quality monitoring, ambient water-quality monitoring, deposition monitoring, forest/vegetation monitoring and research, soil studies, and ecosystem studies. Ecosystem studies included projects involving the measurement of parameters from more than one monitoring category (e.g., studies that measured both water and soil chemistry). Individual descriptions were formulated for 184 projects meeting the spatial and temporal criteria. Descriptions included the official title for the project, its common abbreviation, program emphasis, monitoring site locations, time period conducted, parameters measured, protocols employed, frequency of sample collection, data storage information, and the principal contact for the project. A summary inventory subdivided according to the six monitoring categories was prepared using a computerized data management system. Information on major centralized data bases in the field of environmental monitoring was also obtained, and summary descriptions were prepared. The inventory and data base descriptions are presented in appendices to this document.

  4. Patterns of energy use in the Brazilian economy: Can the profile of Brazilian exports determine the future energy efficiency of its industry?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Machado, G.V.; Schaeffer, R.

    1997-07-01

    This study examines the integration of the Brazilian economy in the global economy as a determining factor for the energy efficiency of its industry. Depending upon the profile of a country's exports (i.e., depending upon the share of energy-intensive exports out of total exports), different quantities of energy are required to produce the country's exported goods, which may counterbalance efforts made elsewhere to improve the overall energy efficiency of the country's industry. Different scenarios for the energy embodied in the industrial exports of Brazil are considered for the period 1995--2015. These scenarios are a combination of different shares of energy-intensive goods in the total exports of the country with different assumptions for gains obtained in industrial energy efficiency over time. For all scenarios the same fundamental hypothesis of liberalization of commerce and economic growth are assumed. Results for the year 2015 show that the total energy embodied in industrial exports varies from 1,413 PJ to 2,491 PJ, and the total industrial use of energy varies from 3,858 PJ to 6,153 PJ, depending upon the assumptions made. This is equivalent to an average industrial energy intensity variation ranging from 13.8 MJ to 22.0 MJ per US$-1985. The authors conclude that any policy aimed at improving Brazil's overall industrial energy efficiency should concentrate not only on the reduction of the energy intensity of particular industrial sectors, but also (and, perhaps, more importantly) on rethinking the very strategy for the integration of the country's economy in the global market in the future, with respect to the share of energy-intensive goods out of total exports. The focus is not incidental, for the ongoing structural changes in Brazilian exports alone may come to offset any efficiency improvements achieved by the national industry as a whole.

  5. Collection and recycling of electronic scrap: A worldwide overview and comparison with the Brazilian situation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reis de Oliveira, Camila; Moura Bernardes, Andrea; Gerbase, Annelise Engel

    2012-08-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Review of the different e-waste collection systems and recycling processes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We present the e-waste collection systems used in Europe and in the US. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We present e-waste collection systems used in Asia and Latin America. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer E-waste management between developed and developing countries is very different. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We made a comparison of the world situation to the current Brazilian reality. - Abstract: Recycling and the related issue of sustainable development are increasing in importance around the world. In Brazil, the new National Policy on Solid Wastes has prompted discussion on the future of electronic waste (e-waste). Over the last 10 years, different e-waste collection systems and recycling processes have been applied globally. This paper presents the systems used in different countries and compares the world situation to the current Brazilian reality. To establish a recycling process, it is necessary to organize efficient collection management. The main difficulty associated with the implementation of e-waste recycling processes in Brazil is the collection system, as its efficiency depends not only on the education and cooperation of the people but also on cooperation among industrial waste generators, distributors and the government. Over half a million waste pickers have been reported in Brazil and they are responsible for the success of metal scrap collection in the country. The country also has close to 2400 companies and cooperatives involved in recycling and scrap trading. On the other hand, the collection and recycling of e-waste is still incipient because e-wastes are not seen as valuable in the informal sector. The Brazilian challenge is therefore to organize a system of e-waste management including the informal sector without neglecting environmentally sound management principles.

  6. Air pollution and childhood respiratory health: Exposure to sulfate and ozone in 10 Canadian Rural Communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stern, B.R.; Raizenne, M.E.; Burnett, R.T.; Jones, L.; Kearney, J.; Franklin, C.A. )

    1994-08-01

    This study was designed to examine differences in the respiratory health status of preadolescent school children, aged 7-11 years, who resided in 10 rural Canadian communities in areas of moderate and low exposure to regional sulfate and ozone pollution. Five of the communities were located in central Saskatchewan, a low-exposure region, and five were located in southwestern Ontario, an area with moderately elevated exposures resulting from long-range atmospheric transport of polluted air masses. In this cross-sectional study, the child's respiratory symptoms and illness history were evaluated using a parent-completed questionnaire, administered in September 1985. Respiratory function was assessed once for each child in the schools between October 1985 and March 1986, by the measurement of pulmonary function for forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV[sub 1.0]), peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), mean forced expiratory flow rate during the middle half of the FVC curve (FEF[sub 25-75]), and maximal expiratory flow at 50% of the expired vital capacity (V[sub 50]max). After controlling for the effects of age, sex, parental smoking, parental education and gas cooking, no significant regional differences were observed in rates of chronic cough or phlegm, persistent wheeze, current asthma, bronchitis in the past year, or any chest illness that kept the child at home for 3 or more consecutive days during the previous year. Children living in southwestern Ontario had statistically significant (P < 0.01) mean decrements of 1.7% in FVC and 1.3% in FEV[sub 1.0] compared with Saskatchewan children, after adjusting for age, sex, weight, standing height, parental smoking, and gas cooking. There were no statistically significant regional differences in the pulmonary flow parameters (P > 0.05). 54 refs., 1 fig., 7 tabs.

  7. The Hydrogen Laboratory and The Brazilian Reference Center for Hydrogen Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Laboratory & The Brazilian Reference Center for Hydrogen Energy December 09 th , 2009 Dr. Newton Pimenta Cristiano Pinto LH2 & CENEH The State University of Campinas UNICAMP Founded in 1966 5 campuses (4 cities) 72 units 24 libraries 4 hospitals 1,750 professors 16,500 undergraduate students 11,450 graduate students (5,250 PhD students) The State University of Campinas UNICAMP UNICAMP is the site for 3 energy centers: The Hydrogen Laboratory (LH2) at the Physics Institute The

  8. Modeling the Integrated Expansion of the Canadian and U.S. Power Sectors with the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zinaman, Owen; Ibanez, Eduardo; Heimiller, Donna; Eurek, Kelly; Mai, Trieu

    2015-07-02

    This document describes the development effort for creating a robust representation of the combined capacity expansion of the U.S. and Canadian electric sectors within the NREL ReEDS model. Thereafter, it demonstrates the newly established capability through an illustrative sensitivity analysis. In conducting the sensitivity analysis, we describe the value of an integrated modeling approach.

  9. Participation of the Nuclear Power Plants in the New Brazilian Electric Energy Market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathias, S.G.

    2004-10-06

    A new regulation framework has been established for the Brazilian electric energy market by a law put into effect on March 15,2004. The main overall goals of this new regulation are: to allow the lowest possible tariffs for end users, while providing the necessary economic incentives for the operation of present installations (generating plants, transmission lines, distribution networks) and the expansion of the system; long-term planning of the extension of the installations required to meet the demand growth; separation of the generation, transmission and distribution activities by allocating them into different companies; new contracts between generating and distribution companies must result from bidding processes based on lowest-tariff criteria; and energy from new generating units required to meet the demand growth must be contracted by all distributing companies integrated to the National Interconnected Grid, in individual amounts proportional to their respective markets.

  10. User's guide to a data base of current environmental monitoring projects in the US-Canadian transboundary region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ballinger, M.Y.; Defferding, J.; Chapman, E.G.; Bettinson, M.D.; Glantz, C.S.

    1987-11-01

    This document describes how to use a data base of current transboundary region environmental monitoring projects. The data base was prepared from data provided by Glantz et al. (1986) and Concord Scientific Corporation (1985), and contains information on 226 projects with monitoring stations located within 400 km (250 mi) of the US-Canadian border. The data base is designed for use with the dBASE III PLUS data management systems on IBM-compatible personal computers. Data-base searches are best accomplished using an accompanying command file called RETRIEVE or the dBASE command LIST. The user must carefully select the substrings on which the search is to be based. Example search requests and subsequent output are presented to illustrate substring selections and applications of the data base. 4 refs., 15 figs., 4 tabs.

  11. Potiguar basin: geologic model and habitat of oil of a Brazilian equatorial basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Falkenhein, F.U.; Barros, R.M.; Da Costa, I.G.; Cainelli, C.

    1984-04-01

    The Potiguar basin integrates the eastern part of the Brazilian equatorial Atlantic-type margin. The rifting stage of this basin occurred during the Neocomian and Aptian. The drifting stage and sea-floor spreading began in the Late Albian. The rifting stage clearly was intracratonic during the Neocomian and is recognized as a mosaic of half-grabens trending mostly northeast-southwest and filled with syntectonic lacustrine siliciclastics. The half-graben pattern exhibits rotation of beds into the major fault zone, and the preserved uplifted margins display either paleostructures of paleogeomorphic features with hydrocarbons. A regional pre-Aptian unconformity preceded the Aptian proto-oceanic rifting stage which was characterized by syntectonic fluvio-deltaic sediments. The Aptian tectonics were represented by reactivation of former lineaments superimposed by predominant east-west normal faulting. Structural highs during this stage are so far the most prolific oil accumulations. The most important source beds and reservoir rocks are both Neocomian and Aptian sediments. Geochemistry and hydrodynamics have shown that hydrocarbon migration was driven through fracture or fault zones in both Aptian or Albian plays. Lithofacies maps support this interpretation because pools occur whenever adjacent downthrown blocks present a high shale content.

  12. Lead Speciation in House Dust from Canadian Urban Homes Using EXAFS Micro-XRF and Micro-XRD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L MacLean; S Beauchemin; P Rasmussen

    2011-12-31

    X-ray absorption fine-structure (XAFS) spectroscopy, micro-X-ray fluorescence ({mu}XRF), and micro-X-ray diffraction ({mu}XRD) were used to determine the speciation of Pb in house dust samples from four Canadian urban homes having elevated Pb concentrations (>1000 mg Pb kg{sup -1}). Linear combination fitting of the XAFS data, supported by {mu}XRF and {mu}XRD, shows that Pb is complexed in a variety of molecular environments, associated with both the inorganic and organic fractions of the dust samples. The inorganic species of lead identified were as follows: Pb metal, Pb carbonate, Pb hydroxyl carbonate, Pb oxide, and Pb adsorbed to iron oxyhydroxides. Pb carbonate and/or Pb hydroxyl carbonate occurred in all four dust samples and accounted for 28 to 75% of total Pb. Pb citrate and Pb bound to humate were the organic species identified. The results of this study demonstrate the ability of XAFS to identify Pb speciation in house dust and show the potential to identify Pb sources from new homes versus older homes. Understanding Pb speciation and how it influences bioaccessibility is important for human health risk assessment and risk management decisions which aim to improve indoor environmental health.

  13. Composition of carbonaceous smoke particles from prescribed burning of a Canadian boreal forest: 1. Organic aerosol characterization by gas chromatography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mazurek, M.A.; Laterza, C.; Newman, L.; Daum, P.; Cofer, W.R. III; Levine, J.S.; Winstead, E.L.

    1995-06-01

    In this study we examine the molecular organic constituents (C8 to C40 lipid compounds) collected as smoke particles from a Canadian boreal forest prescribed burn. Of special interest are (1) the molecular identity of polar organic aerosols, and (2) the amount of polar organic matter relative to the total mass of aerosol particulate carbon. Organic extracts of smoke aerosol particles show complex distributions of the lipid compounds when analyzed by capillary gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The molecular constituents present as smoke aerosol are grouped into non-polar (hydrocarbons) and polar {minus}2 oxygen atoms) subtractions. The dominant chemical species found in the boreal forest smoke aerosol are unaltered resin compounds (C20 terpenes) which are abundant in unburned conifer wood, plus thermally altered wood lignins and other polar aromatic hydrocarbons. Our results show that smoke aerosols contain molecular tracers which are related to the biofuel consumed. These smoke tracers can be related structurally back to the consumed softwood and hardwood vegetation. In addition, combustion of boreal forest materials produces smoke aerosol particles that are both oxygen-rich and chemically complex, yielding a carbonaceous aerosol matrix that is enriched in polar substances. As a consequence, emissions of carbonaceous smoke particles from large-scale combustion of boreal forest land may have a disproportionate effect on regional atmospheric chemistry and on cloud microphysical processes.

  14. A Method for Selecting Software for Dynamic Event Analysis II: the Taylor Anvil and Dynamic Brazilian Tests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    W. D. Richins; J. M. Lacy; T. K. Larson; S. R. Novascone

    2008-05-01

    New nuclear power reactor designs will require resistance to a variety of possible malevolent attacks as well as traditional dynamic accident scenarios. The design/analysis team may be faced with a broad range of phenomena including air and ground blasts, high-velocity penetrators or shaped charges, and vehicle or aircraft impacts. With a host of software tools available to address these high-energy events, the analysis team must evaluate and select the software most appropriate for their particular set of problems. The accuracy of the selected software should then be validated with respect to the phenomena governing the interaction of the threat and structure. Several software codes are available for the study of blast, impact, and other shock phenomena. At the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), a study is underway to investigate the comparative characteristics of a group of shock and high-strain rate physics codes including ABAQUS, LS-DYNA, CTH, ALEGRA, and ALE-3D. In part I of this report, a series of five benchmark problems to exercise some important capabilities of the subject software was identified. The benchmark problems selected are a Taylor cylinder test, a split Hopkinson pressure bar test, a free air blast, the dynamic splitting tension (Brazilian) test, and projectile penetration of a concrete slab. Part II-- this paper-- reports the results of two of the benchmark problems: the Taylor cylinder and the dynamic Brazilian test. The Taylor cylinder test is a method to determine the dynamic yield properties of materials. The test specimen is a right circular cylinder which is impacted against a theoretically rigid target. The cylinder deforms upon impact, with the final shape depending upon the dynamic yield stress, in turn a function of strain and strain rate. The splitting tension test, or Brazilian test, is a method to measure the tensile strength of concrete using a cylindrical specimen. The specimen is loaded diametrically in compression, producing a

  15. Description of the Canadian particulate-fill waste-package (WP) system for spent-nuclear fuel (SNF) and its applicability to light-water reactor SNF WPs with depleted uranium-dioxide fill

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forsberg, C.W.

    1997-10-20

    The US is beginning work on an advanced, light-water reactor (LWR), spent nuclear fuel (SNF), waste package (WP) that uses depleted uranium dioxide (UO{sub 2}) fill. The Canadian nuclear fuel waste management program has completed a 15-year development program of its repository concept for CANadian Deuterium Uranium (CANDU) reactor SNF. As one option, Canada has developed a WP that uses a glass-bead or silica-sand fill. The Canadian development work on fill materials inside WPs can provide a guide for the development of LWR SNF WPs using depleted uranium (DU) fill materials. This report summarizes the Canadian work, identifies similarities and differences between the Canadian design and the design being investigated in the US to use DU fill, and identifies what information is applicable to the development of a DU fill for LWR SNF WPs. In both concepts, empty WPs are loaded with SNF, the void space between the fuel pins and the outer void space between SNF assemblies and the inner WP wall would be filled with small particles, the WPs are then sealed, and the WPs are placed into the repository.

  16. Reverse logistics network for municipal solid waste management: The inclusion of waste pickers as a Brazilian legal requirement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferri, Giovane Lopes; Diniz Chaves, Gisele de Lorena; Ribeiro, Glaydston Mattos

    2015-06-15

    Highlights: • We propose a reverse logistics network for MSW involving waste pickers. • A generic facility location mathematical model was validated in a Brazilian city. • The results enable to predict the capacity for screening and storage centres (SSC). • We minimise the costs for transporting MSW with screening and storage centres. • The use of SSC can be a potential source of revenue and a better use of MSW. - Abstract: This study proposes a reverse logistics network involved in the management of municipal solid waste (MSW) to solve the challenge of economically managing these wastes considering the recent legal requirements of the Brazilian Waste Management Policy. The feasibility of the allocation of MSW material recovery facilities (MRF) as intermediate points between the generators of these wastes and the options for reuse and disposal was evaluated, as well as the participation of associations and cooperatives of waste pickers. This network was mathematically modelled and validated through a scenario analysis of the municipality of São Mateus, which makes the location model more complete and applicable in practice. The mathematical model allows the determination of the number of facilities required for the reverse logistics network, their location, capacities, and product flows between these facilities. The fixed costs of installation and operation of the proposed MRF were balanced with the reduction of transport costs, allowing the inclusion of waste pickers to the reverse logistics network. The main contribution of this study lies in the proposition of a reverse logistics network for MSW simultaneously involving legal, environmental, economic and social criteria, which is a very complex goal. This study can guide practices in other countries that have realities similar to those in Brazil of accelerated urbanisation without adequate planning for solid waste management, added to the strong presence of waste pickers that, through the

  17. The Challenge of Limiting Greenhouse Gas Emissions Through Activities implemented Jointly in Developing Countries: A Brazilian Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    La Rovere, E.L.

    1998-11-01

    This paper addresses, from the Brazilian perspective, the main problems with Joint Implementation/Activities Implemented Jointly (JI/AIJ) between industrialized (Annex I) and developing (non-Annex I) countries, as defined by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Four possible GHG emissions abatement measures are presented for Brazil: forest protection, reforestation projects for carbon sequestration or charcoal manufacturing, use of ethanol produced from sugar cane as a car fuel, and electrical energy conservation through an increase in end-use efficiencies. These four case studies form the basis of a discussion regarding the validity of developing countries' concerns about JI/AIJ. Recommendations are offered for overcoming the present shortcomings of JI/AIJ in developing countries. The primary conclusion is that Annex I countries' funding of JI/AIJ projects in developing countries in return for GHG emissions credits is not the best means to implement the UNFCCC. However, JI/AIJ projects can be a productive means of preventing global climate change if combined with other measures, including GHG emissions reduction targets for all countries involved in JI/AIJ projects and limits on the percentage of industrialized countries' emissions reductions that can be met through projects in developing countries.

  18. Testing decisions of the TSCA Interagency Testing Committee for chemicals on the Canadian Environmental Protection Act Domestic Substances List and Priority Substances List: Di-tert-butylphenol, ethyl benzene, brominated flame retardants, phthalate esters, chloroparaffins, chlorinated benzenes, and anilines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, J.D.

    1996-12-31

    In 1976, under section 4(e) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), the US Congress created the TSCA Interagency Testing Committee (ITC) to decide which chemicals should be recommended to the Administrator of the US Environmental Protection Agency for testing. In 1988, under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA), the Government of Canada created the Domestic Substances List and Priority Substances List. This paper briefly describes the ITC, the different ITC testing decisions and a few of the ITC`s 11,150 testing decisions for the 21,413 chemicals on the CEPA Domestic Substances List and some of the 24 testing decisions for the 44 chemicals and chemical groups on the CEPA.

  19. Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries. Volume 2, Greenhouse gas emissions from deforestration in the Brazilian Amazon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J.; Fearnside, P.M.

    1992-08-01

    Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia in 1990 was releasing approximately 281--282 X 10{sup 6} metric tons (MT) of carbon on conversion to a landscape of agriculture, productive pasture, degraded pasture, secondary forest and regenerated forest in the proportions corresponding to the equilibrium condition implied by current land-use patterns. Emissions are expressed as ``committed carbon,`` or the carbon released over a period of years as the carbon stock in each hectare deforested approaches a new equilibrium in the landscape that replaces the original forest. To the extent that deforestation rates have remained constant, current releases from the areas deforested in previous years will be equal to the future releases from the areas being cleared now. Considering the quantities of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, nitrous oxide, NO{sub x} and non-methane hydrocarbons released raises the impact by 22--37%. The relative impact on the greenhouse effect of each gas is based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) calculations over a 20-year time period (including indirect effects). The six gases considered have a combined global warming impact equivalent to 343 to 386 million MT of C0{sub 2}-equivalent carbon, depending on assumptions regarding the release of methane and other gases from the various sources such as burning and termites. These emissions represent 7--8 times the 50 million MT annual carbon release from Brazil`s use of fossil fuels, but bring little benefit to the country. Stopping deforestation in Brazil would prevent as much greenhouse emission as tripling the fuel efficiency of all the automobiles in the world. The relatively cheap measures needed to contain deforestation, together with the many complementary benefits of doing so, make this the first priority for funds intended to slow global warming.

  20. The Development of Low-Level Measurement Capabilities for Total and Isotopic Uranium in Environmental Samples at Brazilian and Argentine Laboratories by ABACC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guidicini, Olga M.; Olsen, Khris B.; Hembree, Doyle M.; Carter, Joel A.; Whitaker, Michael; Hayes, Susan M.

    2005-07-01

    In June 1998, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC), with assistance from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), began a program to assess environmental sampling and analysis capabilities at laboratories in Argentina and Brazil. The program began with staff training conducted in South America and the United States by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Both laboratories are participating members of DOE’s Network of Analytical Laboratories (NWAL) that support IAEA’s environmental sampling program. During the initial planning meeting, representatives from ABACC and all the participating analytical laboratories supporting ABACC were briefed on how the first exercise would be managed and on key aspects necessary to analyze low-level environmental samples for uranium. Subsequent to this training, a laboratory evaluation exercise (Exercise 1) was conducted using standard swipe samples prepared for this exercise by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The results of Exercise 1 determined that sample contamination was a major factor in the analysis, and a thorough review of laboratory procedures was required to reduce the level of contamination to acceptable levels. Following modification of sample preparation procedures, the laboratories performed Exercise 2, an analysis of a National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Standard Reference Material (SRM) 1547, Peach Leaves. The results of Exercise 2 demonstrated that several laboratories were capable of accurately determining the total uranium and uranium isotopic distribution in the peach leaves. To build on these successes, Exercise 3 was performed using a series of standard swipe samples prepared by the IAEA and distributed to laboratories supporting ABACC and to PNNL and ORNL. The results of Exercise 3 demonstrate that ABACC now has support laboratories in both Argentina and Brazil, which are capable

  1. Poster Thur Eve 24: Commissioning and preliminary measurements using an Attix-style free air ionization chamber for air kerma measurements on the BioMedical Imaging and Therapy beamlines at the Canadian Light Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, D; McEwen, M; Shen, H; Siegbahn, EA; Fallone, BG; Warkentin, B

    2014-08-15

    Synchrotron facilities, including the Canadian Light Source (CLS), provide opportunities for the development of novel imaging and therapy applications. A vital step progressing these applications toward clinical trials is the availability of accurate dosimetry. In this study, a refurbished Attix-style (cylindrical) free air chamber (FAC) is tested and used for preliminary air kerma measurements on the two BioMedical Imaging and Therapy (BMIT) beamlines at the CLS. The FAC consists of a telescoping chamber that relies on a difference measurement of collected charge in expanded and collapsed configurations. At the National Research Council's X-ray facility, a Victoreen Model 480 FAC was benchmarked against two primary standard FACs. The results indicated an absolute accuracy at the 0.5% level for energies between 60 and 150 kVp. A series of measurements were conducted on the small, non-uniform X-ray beams of the 05B1-1 (?8 100 keV) and 05ID-2 (?20 200 keV) beamlines for a variety of energies, filtrations and beam sizes. For the 05B1-1 beam with 1.1 mm of Cu filtration, recombination corrections of less than 5 % could only be achieved for field sizes no greater than 0.5 mm 0.6 mm (corresponding to an air kerma rate of ? 57 Gy/min). Ionic recombination thus presents a significant challenge to obtaining accurate air kerma rate measurements using this FAC in these high intensity beams. Future work includes measurements using a smaller aperture to sample a smaller and thus more uniform beam area, as well as experimental and Monte Carlo-based investigation of correction factors.

  2. Canadian Hills (Repower) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Energy Purchaser Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority SWEPCO Location Calumet OK Coordinates 35.66212553, -98.12820911 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  3. Canadian Hills (Mitsubishi) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Energy Purchaser Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority SWEPCO Location Calumet OK Coordinates 35.69756036, -98.20438385 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  4. Microsoft Word - Canadian Hydropower Association QER Submission...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... I nternational J ournal o f W ater R esources D evelopment, 3 0:1, 1 21---134, D OI: 10.108007900627.2013.860771 4 N RCan, C anada i n a C hanging C limate: S ector P ...

  5. EIS-0197: Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This environmental impact statement was prepared to aid the decisionmaking process the United States must make on how best to meet the United States' Treaty obligations to deliver Canada's share of the downstream power benefits.

  6. DOE's Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program Adds Canadian...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The partnerships provide a critical link to the Administration's plans for FutureGen, a highly efficient and technologically sophisticated coal-fired power plant that will produce ...

  7. Consortium wins major Brazilian gas contract

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O`Driscoll

    1994-08-16

    An international consortium of BHP of Australia, Tenneco Gas of the U.S. and British Gas was selected Monday by Petroleo Braileiro SA (Petrobras) to Monday by Petroleo Brasileiro SA (Petrobras) to develop a $2 billion natural gas pipeline linking reserves in Bolivia with markets in southern and southeastern Brazil.

  8. Valve, compressor contracts awarded for Western Hemisphere projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-01-19

    Major valve and compressor contracts have been let for projects in the Western Hemisphere. Petrobras has awarded Nuovo Pignone, Florence, a $10.5 million contract to supply 400 valves for the 1,975-mile natural-gas pipeline being constructed from Bolivia into Brazil. Additionally, Brazilian company Maritima Petroleo and TransCanada PipeLines Ltd., Calgary, have awarded Nuovo Pignone separate contracts to supply turbocompressor packages. The Brazilian contract is for offshore Campos Basin; the Canadian, for a major expansion of TCPL`s system delivering natural gas out of Alberta. The paper discusses the Bolivia-Brazil pipeline, compressor orders, and the companies.

  9. Canadian Wind Energy Atlas Potential Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentcanadian-wind-energy-atlas-potential- Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance...

  10. Argonne analysis shows increased carbon intensity from Canadian...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Greg Cunningham at (630) 252-8232 or media@anl.gov. Connect Find an Argonne expert by subject. Follow Argonne on Twitter, Facebook, Google+ and LinkedIn. For inquiries on...

  11. COMMENTS OF THE CANADIAN ELECTRICITY ASSOCIATION U.S. DEPARTMENT...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... 2014). https:apps.neb- one.gc.caCommodityStatisticsStatistics.aspx?languageenglish. 3 http:energy.govoeserviceselectricity-policy-coordination-and-implementation...

  12. Canadian Valley Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    anadianValleyElectric Outage Hotline: (855)875-7166 Outage Map: ebill.canadianvalley.orgomso References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data...

  13. A study of algal biomass potential in selected Canadian regions.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Passell, Howard David; Roach, Jesse Dillon; Klise, Geoffrey T.

    2011-11-01

    A dynamic assessment model has been developed for evaluating the potential algal biomass and extracted biocrude productivity and costs, using nutrient and water resources available from waste streams in four regions of Canada (western British Columbia, Alberta oil fields, southern Ontario, and Nova Scotia). The purpose of this model is to help identify optimal locations in Canada for algae cultivation and biofuel production. The model uses spatially referenced data across the four regions for nitrogen and phosphorous loads in municipal wastewaters, and CO{sub 2} in exhaust streams from a variety of large industrial sources. Other data inputs include land cover, and solar insolation. Model users can develop estimates of resource potential by manipulating model assumptions in a graphic user interface, and updated results are viewed in real time. Resource potential by location can be viewed in terms of biomass production potential, potential CO{sub 2} fixed, biocrude production potential, and area required. The cost of producing algal biomass can be estimated using an approximation of the distance to move CO{sub 2} and water to the desired land parcel and an estimation of capital and operating costs for a theoretical open pond facility. Preliminary results suggest that in most cases, the CO{sub 2} resource is plentiful compared to other necessary nutrients (especially nitrogen), and that siting and prospects for successful large-scale algae cultivation efforts in Canada will be driven by availability of those other nutrients and the efficiency with which they can be used and re-used. Cost curves based on optimal possible siting of an open pond system are shown. The cost of energy for maintaining optimal growth temperatures is not considered in this effort, and additional research in this area, which has not been well studied at these latitudes, will be important in refining the costs of algal biomass production. The model will be used by NRC-IMB Canada to identify promising locations for both demonstration and pilot-scale algal cultivation projects, including the production potential of using wastewater, and potential land use considerations.

  14. BETO-Funded Study Finds Increased Carbon Intensity from Canadian...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Related Articles BETO-Funded Invention Wins R&D 100 Award Agave sisilana growing in East Africa. Image courtesy of Jeff Cameron. Report Explains How Bioenergy Supports Global ...

  15. Canadian Photonics Fabrication Center CPFC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    centre offering commercial grade foundry, design, test, and fabrication services in III-V semiconductor and silicon based materials. Coordinates: 45.4215, -75.691894 Show Map...

  16. Canadian National Energy Use Database: Statistics and Analysis...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho,...

  17. Growing Brazilian demand to spur gas network in South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deffarges, E.H. ); Maurer, L.I.A. )

    1993-01-18

    A recent combination in South America of economic and geopolitical factors is prompting development of a new integrated gas-pipeline network in the continent's Southern Cone. The crucial factors include privatization, regional integration, economic growth, and environmental concerns. The area, Latin America's largest regional entity, includes Brazil (population 150 million and a 1990 GNP of about $375 billion, 9th largest in the world), Argentina (population 32 million and the third largest Latin American economy after Brazil and Mexico), Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay are members of the MercoSur economic bloc whose objective is to develop free trade in the region. There are very few integrated pipeline networks in the world. Besides the giant North American system, with hundreds of producers and pipelines, there is only one other large integrated network. It connects continental European countries to their outside suppliers such as Norway, the C.I.S., and Algeria. The emergence of a new pipeline system is therefore important for the natural-gas industry worldwide and even more so if it occurs in a region now growing rapidly after a decade of economic difficulties.

  18. Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol Systems (Poster) Warner, E.; Zhang...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (e.g., technology, feedstock, supply chain, local resource availability). National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO. USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and...

  19. The relationship between low-level benzene exposure and leukemia in Canadian petroleum distribution workers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schnatter, A.R.; Armstrong, T.W.; Nicolich, M.J.

    1996-12-01

    This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between leukemia occurrence and long-term, low-level benzene exposures in petroleum distribution workers. Fourteen cases were identified among a previously studied cohort. Four controls per case were selected from the same cohort, controlling for birth year and time at risk. Industrial hygienists estimated workplace exposures for benzene, without knowledge of case-control status. Average benzene concentrations ranged from 0.01 to 6.2 ppm. Company medical records were used to abstract information on other potential confounders such as cigarette smoking. Odds ratios were calculated for several exposure metrics. Conditional logistic regression modeling was used to control for potential confounders. The risk of leukemia was not associated with increasing cumulative exposure to benzene for these exposure levels. Duration of benzene exposure was more closely associated with leukemia risk than other exposure metrics, although results were not statistically significant. A family history of cancer and cigarette smoking were the two strongest risk factors for leukemia, with cumulative benzene exposure showing no additional risk when considered in the same models. This study is consistent with other data in that it was unable to demonstrate a relationship between leukemia and long-term, low-level benzene exposures. The power of the study was limited. Thus, further study on benzene exposures in this concentration range are warranted. 20 refs., 1 fig., 6 tabs.

  20. Critical analysis of atmospheric turbidity and precipitable water at five Canadian stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrison, J.; Gueymard, C.

    1997-12-31

    Global and diffuse radiation and surface meteorological measurements at Edmonton, Montreal, Port Hardy, Toronto and Winnipeg for the years 1977--1984 are analyzed to yield estimates of atmospheric precipitable water and turbidity. Three methods of estimating the precipitable water and two methods of estimating the turbidity are used and compared. Measurements of pyranometer response as a function of zenith angle are used to correct the global radiation measurements. Turbidity is corrected for the effect of circumsolar radiation included in the direct radiation obtained from the global and diffuse radiation measurements. A comparison with earlier precipitable water and turbidity results is included.

  1. "Modeling the Integrated Expansion of the Canadian and U.S. Power...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    existing fleet specifications (including expected retirements and new builds), renewable energy cost and performance projections and resource characterizations, and existing...

  2. Microsoft Word - Canadian Hydropower Association QER Submission_Oct-10-2014-Final R.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    D.C. Brussels San Francisco Shanghai This document was delivered electronically. www.khlaw.com 1001 G Street, N.W. Suite 500 West Washington, D.C. 20001 tel. 202.434.4100 fax 202.434.4646 Writer's Direct Access J e a n - C y r i l Wa l k e r ( 2 0 2 ) 4 3 4 - 4 1 8 1 w a l k e r @ k h l a w . c o m April 28, 2014 Via Regulations.gov Ms. Brenda Edwards U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies Program 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W. Mailstop EE-2J Washington, DC 20585 Re: Comments on

  3. Well-to-Wheels Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Canadian Oil Sands...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    This range can be compared to 4.4 g CO2eMJ for U.S. conventional crude oil recovery. Depending on the extraction technology and product type output of oil sands projects, the ...

  4. Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement : Final Environmental Impact Statement : Record of Decision, Summary..

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1996-01-01

    The US Entity (the Administrator of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the Division Engineer, North Pacific Division of the US Army Corps of Engineers) has decided to fulfill its obligation under the Columbia River Treaty (Treaty) between the US and Canada by delivering Canada`s Entitlement under the Treaty to a point on the US/Canada border near Oliver, British Columbia (BC). Delivering the Entitlement at that location will require BPA to construct and operate a new single-circuit 500-kV transmission line from Grand Coulee or Chief Joseph Substation to the US/Canada border, a distance of 135 to 155 kilometers (85 to 95 miles), depending on the alignment selected. This paper describes the decision process and its environmental impacts.

  5. Political Economy of Brazilian foreign policy: nuclear energy, trade, and Itaipu

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soares de Lima, M.R.

    1986-01-01

    This dissertation advances an analytical framework intended to account for the international strategies of semi-peripheral countries: those industrialized Third World countries able to manufacture and export industrial goods. The empirical validation of the proposed framework was assessed through five case studies of Brazil's conduct in the following issue areas: nuclear energy, trade, and hydroelectric development of the Parana River Basin. A free-rider strategy was observed in the case of the nonproliferation regime. The decision to attain nuclear self sufficiency through the 1975 agreement with West Germany conforms to what was defined as unilateral behavior. Brazil's activism on behalf of Third World demands in North South negotiations as they impinge upon trade matters was accounted for in terms of the existence of private gains accruing from participation in that collective endeavor. Compliance with a regime's rules resulting from the use or threat of use of coercion was observed in the case of multilateral trade negotiations. The last case study examines a pattern of behavior defined as a hegemonic. In the development of a regime for the utilization of the Parana River Basin's hydroelectric potential, Brazil provided positive incentives to its junior partner (Paraguay) and negative inducements to the uncooperative partner (Argentina).

  6. Design and evaluation of hybrid wind/PV/diesel power systems for Brazilian applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGowan, J.G.; Manwell, J.F.; Avelar, C.; Warner, C.

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents a summary of a study centered on the design and evaluation of hybrid wind/PV/diesel systems for remote locations in Brazil. The objective of this work was to evaluate high reliability hybrid power systems that have been designed for the lowest life cycle costs. The technical and economic analysis of the hybrid wind/PV/diesel systems was carried out using HYBRID2, a computational code developed at the University of Massachusetts in conjunction with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). After a summary of a generalized design procedure for such systems based on the use of this code, a systematic parametric evaluation of a representative design case for a village power system in Brazil is presented. As summarized in the paper, the performance and economic effects of key design parameters are illustrated. 8 refs., 10 figs.

  7. Use of solvent extraction technique in Brazilian uranium mills - an overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomiero, Luiz A.

    2008-07-01

    Solvent extraction has been applied to uranium-concentrate production in Brazil. At the first plant, uranium minerals associated with Zr and Mo were acid leached. Extraction was carried out by a mixture of Alamine 336 and Alamine 304, followed by selective Zr, U, and Mo stripping. At the currently operating facilities, a single U mineral is processed by acid heap leaching. Uranium is extracted with Alamine 336 and stripped with NaCl solution. As all water is recycled, chloride contents in the liquor have increased, causing detrimental effects to the extraction process. The current plant operating conditions and the improvements arisen from the research developed to solve these problems are presented. (authors)

  8. Use of Brazilian sugarcane bagasse ash in concrete as sand replacement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sales, Almir; Lima, Sofia Araujo

    2010-06-15

    Sugarcane today plays a major role in the worldwide economy, and Brazil is the leading producer of sugar and alcohol, which are important international commodities. The production process generates bagasse as a waste, which is used as fuel to stoke boilers that produce steam for electricity cogeneration. The final product of this burning is residual sugarcane bagasse ash (SBA), which is normally used as fertilizer in sugarcane plantations. Ash stands out among agroindustrial wastes because it results from energy generating processes. Many types of ash do not have hydraulic or pozzolanic reactivity, but can be used in civil construction as inert materials. The present study used ash collected from four sugar mills in the region of Sao Carlos, SP, Brazil, which is one of the world's largest producers of sugarcane. The ash samples were subjected to chemical characterization, sieve analysis, determination of specific gravity, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and solubilization and leaching tests. Mortars and concretes with SBA as sand replacement were produced and tests were carried out: compressive strength, tensile strength and elastic modulus. The results indicated that the SBA samples presented physical properties similar to those of natural sand. Several heavy metals were found in the SBA samples, indicating the need to restrict its use as a fertilizer. The mortars produced with SBA in place of sand showed better mechanical results than the reference samples. SBA can be used as a partial substitute of sand in concretes made with cement slag-modified Portland cement.

  9. Keeping Nuclear as a Viable Option for Electric Power Generation in the Brazilian Matrix

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henning, F.

    2004-10-06

    This paper discusses all alternatives that are part of the general solution for the electric energy problem in Brazil.

  10. An evaluation of the effect of volcanic eruption on the solar radiation at Australian and Canadian stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yatko, B.R.; Garrison, J.D.

    1996-11-01

    Peak (most probable) and average values of {angstrom}`s turbidity coefficient {beta} and peak (most probable) and average values of the diffuse index k{sub d} are obtained from the solar radiation data from 21 stations in Australia and 5 stations in Canada. These data exhibit clear increases in their values when the volcanic aerosols in the stratosphere increase following volcanic eruptions of sufficient magnitude. The effect of the eruptions of Fuego (1974), El Chichon (1982) and Pinatubo (1991) are seen most clearly in the data. The effect of lesser eruptions is also seen. The store of volcanic aerosols in the stratosphere shifts with the season so that scattering by volcanic aerosols in the spring half of the year is stronger than in the fall.

  11. Lead Speciation in Indoor Dust: A Case Study to Assess Old Paint Contribution in a Canadian Urban House

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S Beauchemin; L MacLean; P Rasmussen

    2011-12-31

    Residents in older homes may experience increased lead (Pb) exposures due to release of lead from interior paints manufactured in past decades, especially pre-1960s. The objective of the study was to determine the speciation of Pb in settled dust from an urban home built during WWII. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and micro-X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses were performed on samples of paint (380-2,920 mg Pb kg{sup -1}) and dust (200-1,000 mg Pb kg{sup -1}) collected prior to renovation. All dust samples exhibited a Pb XANES signature similar to that of Pb found in paint. Bulk XANES and micro-XRD identified Pb species commonly found as white paint pigments (Pb oxide, Pb sulfate, and Pb carbonate) as well as rutile, a titanium-based pigment, in the <150 m house dust samples. In the dust fraction <36 {mu}m, half of the Pb was associated with the Fe-oxyhydroxides, suggesting additional contribution of outdoor sources to Pb in the finer dust. These results confirm that old paints still contribute to Pb in the settled dust for this 65-year-old home. The Pb speciation also provided a clearer understanding of the Pb bioaccessibility: Pb carbonate > Pb oxide > Pb sulfate. This study underscores the importance of taking precautions to minimize exposures to Pb in house dust, especially in homes where old paint is exposed due to renovations or deterioration of painted surfaces.

  12. Lead speciation in indoor dust: a case study to assess old paint contribution in a Canadian urban house

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beauchemin, Suzanne; MacLean, Lachlan C.W.; Rasmussen, Pat E.

    2012-10-23

    Residents in older homes may experience increased lead (Pb) exposures due to release of lead from interior paints manufactured in past decades, especially pre-1960s. The objective of the study was to determine the speciation of Pb in settled dust from an urban home built during WWII. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and micro-X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses were performed on samples of paint (380-2,920 mg Pb kg{sup -1}) and dust (200-1,000 mg Pb kg{sup -1}) collected prior to renovation. All dust samples exhibited a Pb XANES signature similar to that of Pb found in paint. Bulk XANES and micro-XRD identified Pb species commonly found as white paint pigments (Pb oxide, Pb sulfate, and Pb carbonate) as well as rutile, a titanium-based pigment, in the <150 {micro}m house dust samples. In the dust fraction <36 {micro}m, half of the Pb was associated with the Fe-oxyhydroxides, suggesting additional contribution of outdoor sources to Pb in the finer dust. These results confirm that old paints still contribute to Pb in the settled dust for this 65-year-old home. The Pb speciation also provided a clearer understanding of the Pb bioaccessibility: Pb carbonate > Pb oxide > Pb sulfate. This study underscores the importance of taking precautions to minimize exposures to Pb in house dust, especially in homes where old paint is exposed due to renovations or deterioration of painted surfaces.

  13. Land Use and Water Efficiency in Current and Potential Future U.S. Corn and Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol Systems (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warner, E.; Zhang, Y.; Chum, H.; Newmark, R.

    2012-11-01

    The potential for unintended consequences of biofuels--competition for land and water--necessitates that sustainable biofuel expansion considers the complexities of resource requirements within specific context (e.g., technology, feedstock, supply chain, local resource availability).

  14. Canadian Environmental Protection Act, strategic options for the management of toxic substances: Electric power generation (fossil fuel) sector, report of stakeholder consultations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-31

    The Electric Power Generation Sector Issue Table was formed to assess the management of toxic substances released from that sector, and more specifically, to develop (where warranted) goals, targets, and effective and efficient options for managing toxic releases in order to reduce potential risks to human health and the environment. This strategic options report sets out the recommendations of Issue Table members for the management of toxic substances. The introduction includes an industry profile and a review of the provincial management of electric power sector strategic options priority (SOP) substances. Chapter 2 discusses what substances are toxic, estimates releases of SOP substances from the sector, and reviews Issue Table approaches to risk assessment. Chapter 3 outlines Issue Table activities. Chapter 4 screens toxic substance management options, with evaluation of options against 13 groups of criteria. Chapter 5 presents toxic substances management proposals made to the Issue Table by the electric power generation industry, environmental groups, and Environment Canada.

  15. Industry decries sharp decline in U. S. offshore activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-11

    Roadblocks to offshore activity in the U.S. drew much of the spotlight at the 24th Offshore Technology Conference last week in Houston. Among OTC highlights included in this paper are: Two panels reviewed how federal leasing moratoriums and regulatory restrictions are reining U.S. offshore development. Conoco Inc.'s manager of exploration and development in Russia detailed the allure of giant and supergiant fields in the Commonwealth of Independent States and reviewed the status of the company's efforts to negotiate E and D deals with Russian partners. Minerals Management Service officials reviewed environmental challenges facing operators on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf and new MMS inspection strategies in the Gulf of Mexico. The 1992 OTC Distinguished Achievement Award for companies went to Brazil's Petroleo Brasileiro SA for deepwater development records set with the 3 Marlim well in the Campos basin off Brazil.

  16. Jatropha BR | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BR Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jatropha BR Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian-based consortium of five leading Brazilian companies engaged in the integrated jatropha curcas...

  17. 92785o00.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and MID-COLUMBIA PARTICIPANTS Relating to Federal and Canadian Columbia River Storage Index to Sections - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -...

  18. EIS-0170: Record of Decision (April 1997)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    North Pacific Division Columbia River System Operation Review, Canadian Entitlement Allocation Extension Agreements

  19. A survey of urban noise annoyance in a large Brazilian city: the importance of a subjective analysis in conjunction with an objective analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zannin, Paulo H.T.; Calixto, Alfredo; Diniz, Fabiano B.; Ferreira, Jose A.C

    2003-03-01

    This study describes the reaction to environmental noise of the population of Curitiba ({approx}1.6 million inhabitants). Out of 1000 distributed forms, 860 were returned. The main isolated noise sources revealed by the survey as disturbing were traffic (73%) and neighbors (38%). As a class, neighborhood noise was pointed out as the most disturbing type of noise as 100% of the surveyed people indicated at least one of the items belonging to this class: neighbors, animals, sirens, civil construction, religion temples, night clubs, toys and domestic electric appliances. The main outcomes of exposure to noise were: irritability (58%), difficulty to concentrate (42%), sleeping disorders (20%) and headaches (20%). In this survey, the importance of the realization of objective surveys, in other words, noise emission measurements in conjunction with the subjective evaluation of the reaction of the urban population to the environmental noise, is also discussed. The present survey shows that in the subjective evaluation performed in the city of Curitiba, the perception of the population is that the urban noise has increased. On the other hand, another study conducted in the same city, where only the noise emission levels were evaluated, has showed a decrease on the urban noise.

  20. Evaluation of the carbon content of aerosols from the burn- ing of biomass in the Brazilian Amazon using thermal, op- tical and thermal-optical analysis methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soto-Garcia, Lydia L.; Andreae, Meinrat O.; Andreae, Tracey W.; taxo, Paulo Ar-; Maenhaut, Willy; Kirchstetter, Thomas; Novakov, T.; Chow, Judith C.; Mayol-Bracero, Olga L.

    2011-06-03

    Aerosol samples were collected at a pasture site in the Amazon Basin as part of the project LBA-SMOCC-2002 (Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia - Smoke Aerosols, Clouds, Rainfall and Climate: Aerosols from Biomass Burning Perturb Global and Regional Climate). Sampling was conducted during the late dry season, when the aerosol composition was dominated by biomass burning emissions, especially in the submicron fraction. A 13-stage Dekati low-pressure impactor (DLPI) was used to collect particles with nominal aerodynamic diameters (D{sub p}) ranging from 0.03 to 0.10 m. Gravimetric analyses of the DLPI substrates and filters were performed to obtain aerosol mass concentrations. The concentrations of total, apparent elemental, and organic carbon (TC, EC{sub a}, and OC) were determined using thermal and thermal-optical analysis (TOA) methods. A light transmission method (LTM) was used to determine the concentration of equivalent black carbon (BC{sub e}) or the absorbing fraction at 880 nm for the size-resolved samples. During the dry period, due to the pervasive presence of fires in the region upwind of the sampling site, concentrations of fine aerosols (D{sub p} < 2.5 {mu}m: average 59.8 {mu}g m{sup -3}) were higher than coarse aerosols (D{sub p} > 2.5 {mu}m: 4.1 {mu}g m{sup -3}). Carbonaceous matter, estimated as the sum of the particulate organic matter (i.e., OC x 1.8) plus BC{sub e}, comprised more than 90% to the total aerosol mass. Concentrations of EC{sub a} (estimated by thermal analysis with a correction for charring) and BCe (estimated by LTM) averaged 5.2 {+-} 1.3 and 3.1 {+-} 0.8 {mu}g m{sup -3}, respectively. The determination of EC was improved by extracting water-soluble organic material from the samples, which reduced the average light absorption {angstrom} exponent of particles in the size range of 0.1 to 1.0 {mu}m from > 2.0 to approximately 1.2. The size-resolved BC{sub e} measured by the LTM showed a clear maximum between 0.4 and 0.6 m in diameter. The concentrations of OC and BC{sub e} varied diurnally during the dry period, and this variation is related to diurnal changes in boundary layer thickness and in fire frequency.

  1. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc . Canadian Electrical Association Comments | Department of Energy Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc . Canadian Electrical Association Comments Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc . Canadian Electrical Association Comments Protest of the Canadian Electricity Association and the Electric Power Supply Association to Sierra Club's Notice of Intervention and

  2. F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Angolan Cabinda 1978-2008 Canadian Bow River 1978-2008 Canadian Light Sour Blend 74.59 93.75 83.54 87.67 81.71 2010-2014 Canadian...

  3. Influence of potentially lethal temperature and food on the behavior of juvenile chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta, under simulated marine conditions. Canadian data report of fisheries and aquatic sciences Number 1040

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korstrom, J.S.

    1998-12-31

    This is one of a series of reports that describe results of field and laboratory studies on the effect of heated sea water on juvenile chum salmon. The studies were initiated in response to potential increases in the thermal discharge from BC Hydro`s Burrard Generating Station into the marine waters of Port Moody Arm, Burrard Inlet. The report presents results of the first of two 1997 studies, in which the behaviour of chum salmon in response to heated sea water was investigated in the laboratory using a water column simulator that mimicked conditions the fish may encounter in Port Moody Arm. The behaviour of the salmon was examined under controlled conditions during a changing thermal regime and under thermally stratified conditions. The response of the fish to food, their swimming, and school positions were quantified in relation to experimental conditions.

  4. Vertical distribution of juvenile chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta, in relation to a thermal discharge into Port Moody Arm, Burrard Inlet, British Columbia. Canadian technical report of fisheries and aquatic sciences Number 2235

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Birtwell, I.K.

    1998-12-31

    This is one of a series of reports that describe results of field and laboratory studies on the effect of heated sea water on juvenile chum salmon. The studies were initiated in response to potential increases in the thermal discharge from BC Hydro`s Burrard Generating Station into the marine waters of Port Moody Arm, Burrard Inlet. The report presents results of the second of two 1997 studies, in which preference/avoidance cages in Port Moody Arm were used to examine the vertical distribution of chum salmon at a reference location and at sites 70, 250, and 1,200 metres from the heated cooling water discharge. The results were related to the ambient aquatic conditions to reveal differences or similarities in the vertical distribution of salmon with proximity to discharge location, and to identify variables that accounted for these changes.

  5. Browse Societies by Language -- E-print Network Societies by...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ... de Ingeniera Sanitaria y Ambiental Inter-American Association of Sanitary ... Carcinognese e Teratognese Ambiental Brazilian Society of Environmental ...

  6. Exploration into 1990s will still be shaped by politics, economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gallagher, J.

    1987-04-20

    Frontier exploration plays continue to yield sizable oil and gas discoveries, despite recent wide fluctuations in the price of crude that have altered exploration budgets and curtailed activity. Amauligak in Canada, Colombia's Cano Limon, Albacora and Marlim in Brazil, the Haltenbank prospects offshore Norway, North Yemen's Alif field, and lagifu in Papua New Guinea are all examples of the occasional reward of a giant field. With a stable oil price of between $15-18/bbl during 1987, international exploration levels will slowly recover. And it is likely that an average $18/bbl price for the year will be sufficient to put a number of deferred development projects back on track. Activity levels will still vary widely from region to region and country to country however, controlled by political as well as economic conditions. Exploration was hit especially hard in the U.S., where finding and development costs are high. Operators continued to spend a greater share of their exploration funds outside the U.S. in 1987.

  7. Oil discoveries and basin resource prediction in Latin America: Past, present, and future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kronman, G.E.; Aleman, A.M.; Rushworth, S.W. )

    1993-02-01

    Over 350 oil discoveries were made in Latin America during the 1980s. About 12% are estimated to contain reserves greater than 100 MMBO. Several of the larger finds (>500 MMBO), such as Cusiana (Colombia), Furrial/Musipan (Venezuela), Cano Lima (Colombia) and Marlim (Brazil) represent an important part of the giant field found worldwide since 1980. Most of the larger discoveries were made by national oil companies in Venezuela, Mexico and Brazil. Undiscovered oil resources of 40-80 BBO are estimated to remain in the highest potential Latin American basins, including those in Mexico, based on historical field size data and current geological knowledge. Over 150 BBO of produced oil and proven reserves has been found in the same group of basins. The probability of finding large undiscovered oil and gas fields (>100 MMBOE) in selected established and mature Latin American basins is high. The Campos (Brazil), Llanos (Colombia), Magadalena (Colombia), Maracaibo (Venezuela), Marahon-Oriente-Putomayo (Peru-Ecuador-Colombia), Maturin (Venezuela), Reforma-Campeche (Mexico) and Ucayali (Peru) basins have the best possibility for such accumulations. Another tier of frontier and emerging basins may also contain significant resources, but limited data makes it difficult to estimate their undiscovered resources. Some of the higher potential basins in this group include the Sierra de Chiapas (Mexico/Guatemala), Huallaga (Peru), Yucatan (Mexico), Sabinas, and Burgos (Mexico) basins.

  8. The impact of subsea boosting on deepwater field development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ribeiro, O.J.S.; Camargo, R.M.T.; Paulo, C.A.S.

    1996-12-31

    This paper describes the impact that the use of a subsea boosting system will have on the development of a deepwater field. The analysis covers the technology demands and constraints encountered on screening studies executed for the fields of Marlim, Albacora and Barracuda, as well as an overview of the economic benefits encountered. The paper focuses on the technological demands and constraints identified as well as some considerations about possible alternatives. The demands and constraints identified in the study will provide the industry with some more input to guide the development of the subsea boosting technology, as well as a better understanding of how to apply this new tool on the development of deepwater prospects. The results of the screening study are showing that the subsea boosting systems are a valuable tool to reduce the costs of deepwater developments. The cost cutting possibilities through an integration between the conventional subsea hardware and the subsea boosting systems and the combination of boosting systems are promising alternatives. The encouraging economic results found, as well as the demands and constraints raised in the paper will be of use for those trying to apply these technologies in various areas of the world.

  9. ARM - Events Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Society, Canadian Geophysical Union, and American Meteorological Society (CMOS-CGU-AMS) being held on May 28 - June 1, 2007, in St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada....

  10. Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Now the Synchrotron Medical Imaging Team, a group of Canadian, US, and European scientists (including scientists from the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource) are using ...

  11. EIS-0433-S1: Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    would transport crude oil from the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin and the Williston Basin to existing pipeline facilities near Steele City, Nebraska, for onward transport to ...

  12. Fermilab Today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Status Flags at full staff Wilson Hall Cafe Thursday, Feb. 19 - Breakfast: Canadian bacon, egg and cheese Texas toast - Breakfast: all-American breakfast - Chicken cordon bleu...

  13. p

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... Armstrong Hutchinson Childress Dallam Collingsworth Hartley Harmon Oldham Cotton Canadian Deaf Smith Kingfisher Grant Hardeman Hale Floyd Lamb Motley Cottle Wilbarger Grady ...

  14. EIS-0197: Record of Decision (November 1996) | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Record of Decision (November 1996) EIS-0197: Record of Decision (November 1996) Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement The United States Entity (the Administrator of the Bonneville...

  15. DOE/EIS-0197: Supplement to Record of Decision (March 1999) ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    197: Supplement to Record of Decision (March 1999) DOEEIS-0197: Supplement to Record of Decision (March 1999) Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement Final Environmental Impact...

  16. EIS-0197: Supplement to Record of Decision | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Supplement to Record of Decision EIS-0197: Supplement to Record of Decision Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement The United States Entity has decided to supplement an earlier...

  17. Bioenergy Technologies Office Multi-Year Program Plan, March...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... to an expanding market for American and Canadian wood pellets and raw biomass feedstock. ... During Combustion of Woody Biomass Pellets Made from a Range of Different Forestry ...

  18. Bioenergy Technologies Office Multi-Year Program Plan: July 2014...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... to an expanding market for American and Canadian wood pellets and raw biomass feedstock. ... Combustion of Woody Biomass Pellets Made from a Range of Different Forestry Assortments. ...

  19. Coal-by-Rail: A Business-as-Usual Reference Case

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Annual Energy Outlook (yearly DOE-EIA publication) AER Annual Energy Review BNSF Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad CFR Code of Federal Regulations CN Canadian National Railroad ...

  20. Microsoft Word - NASEO Opening Remarks from QER Public Meeting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... For example, substantial investments by the private sector to increase pipeline capacity and move Canadian crude oil to the Midwest has resulted in billions of dollars in new ...

  1. PP-231 Northern States Power Company | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Northern States Power Company to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PDF icon PP-231 Northern States Power Company More ...

  2. Electrotherm and Electrovaya JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Electrovaya JV Place: India Product: 50-50 joint venture between Canadian lithium-ion battery developer, Electrovaya, and Indian manufacturer, Electrotherm India Ltd,...

  3. Bonneville Power Administration Overview

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    BPA Service Area Columbia Basin Federal Dams: Canadian Dams ... O N Promoting Renewable Generation * BPA has made a ... and operation of any hydroelectric project of the Columbia ...

  4. Slide 1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the power BPA sells is hydroelectric. BPA accounts for ... via three new Canadian dams and Libby Dam in Montana. ... output from electric generation projects to meet the ...

  5. Sustainable Energy Technologies Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zip: T2N 2A1 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Canadian manufacturer of power inverters for solar, wind, fuel cells, and power storage sectors. References: Sustainable...

  6. Pod Generating Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pod Generating Group Place: Sault Ste Marie, Ontario, Canada Zip: P6A 2G4 Sector: Solar Product: Canadian developer of...

  7. Xantrex Technology Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Xantrex Technology Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Xantrex Technology Inc Place: Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada Zip: V5A 4B5 Product: Canadian manufacturer of power...

  8. GROUP THEORETICAL STUDY OF LEPTONIC PROCESSES (Journal Article...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Publication Date: 1965-04-01 OSTI Identifier: 4641809 Resource Type: Journal Article Resource Relation: Journal Name: Canadian Journal of Physics (Canada); Journal Volume: Vol: 43; ...

  9. Worldwide pipelines and contractors directory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-11-01

    This directory contains information on the following: pipeline contractors; US natural gas pipelines; US crude oil pipelines; US product pipelines; Canadian pipelines and foreign pipelines.

  10. The Atacama Cosmology Telescope: Cosmological Parameters from...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ; Doriese, W.Bertrand ; Dunner, R. ; Essinger-Hileman, T. more ; Fisher, R.P. ; Oxford U. Princeton U. Princeton U., Astrophys. Sci. Dept. Oxford U. Canadian Inst....

  11. Table 30. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Algerian Condensate Angolan Cabinda Canadian Lloydminster Cameroon Kole Marine Ecuadorian Oriente Mexican Isthmus Mexican Mayan 1978 Average ... W 14.07 - W 13.85 13.54 -...

  12. Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Algerian Condensate Angolan Cabinda Canadian Lloydminster Cameroon Kole Marine Ecuadorian Oriente Mexican Isthmus Mexican Mayan 1978 Average ... W 13.32 - W 12.87 13.24 -...

  13. An active atmospheric methane sink in high Arctic mineral cryosols...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    conditions coupled with -omics analysis indicate (1) mineral cryosols in the Canadian high Arctic contain atmospheric CH-oxidizing bacteria; (2) the atmospheric CH uptake ...

  14. Meikle Automation Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Meikle Automation Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Meikle Automation Inc Place: Kitchener, Ontario, Canada Zip: N2E 3Z5 Product: Canadian manufacturer of automation systems...

  15. US-EU-Japan Working Group on Critical Materials

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Materials Institute - Colorado School of Mines 12:20 Buffet Lunch 12:30 Canadian Rare Earth Elements - feeding the global supply chain Janice Zinck, Manager, Natural Resources ...

  16. O:ELECTRICEA-189.PDF

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PanCanadian Energy Services Inc. Order No. EA-189 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On July 20, 1998, PanCanadian Energy Services Inc. (PanCanadian) applied to the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) for authorization to transmit electric energy to Canada as a power marketer. PanCanadian does not own or

  17. EffiSolar Energy Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: EffiSolar Energy Corporation Place: Coquitlam, British Columbia, Canada Zip: V3K6V2 Sector: Solar Product: Canadian based project developer focused on...

  18. Category:Canada Provinces and Territories | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canada Provinces and Territories Jump to: navigation, search Canadian Provinces and Territories Pages in category "Canada Provinces and Territories" The following 10 pages are in...

  19. Timminco Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: Timminco Limited Place: Toronto, Ontario, Canada Zip: M5H 1J9 Product: Canadian manufacturer of magnesium and silicon; operates its...

  20. PP-20-1 Eastern Maine Electric Cooperative Inc

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presidential permit authorizing Eastern Maine Electric Cooperative Inc to construct, operate and maintain electric transmision facilities at the U.S-Canadian border.

  1. EIS-0433-S1: Keystone XL Pipeline SEIS (Montana, South Dakota...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of a revised proposal for the Keystone XL pipeline and related facilities. The proposed facilities would transport crude oil from the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin and the...

  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    of its four available terminals, as well as from Canadian offshore production and above-ground storage facilities operated by local distribution companies (LDCs), as detailed...

  3. EIS-0447: DOE Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    a new 1000-megawatt (MW) electric transmission system from the Canadian Province of Quebec to New York City. This DOE notice of availability incorrectly identifies the close of...

  4. Instructions for Preparing Occupational Exposure Data for Submittal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Table G-6. Identification Codes. ID Type Code Identification Type Description SSN U.S. Social Security Number PPN Passport Number CSI Canadian Social Insurance Number WPN Work ...

  5. Pro Solar Solarstrom GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pro Solar Solarstrom GmbH Place: Ravensburg, Germany Zip: 88214 Sector: Solar Product: Distributor of PV modules, including Canadian...

  6. Carmanah Technologies Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Columbia, Canada Zip: V9A 3S2 Sector: Solar Product: Canadian manufacturer of solar balance of systems (mounts, converters, inverters), battery chargers, and distributor of...

  7. The Effect of Absorption Systems on Cosmic Reionization (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Alvarez, Marcelo A. ; Canadian Inst. Theor. Astrophys. ; Abel, Tom ; KIPAC, Menlo Park ; , Publication Date: 2013-10-25 OSTI Identifier: 1097419 Report Number(s): ...

  8. Intersolar Group defunct | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Intersolar Group (defunct) Place: Canada Sector: Solar Product: Intersolar was taken over by Canadian PV cell manufacturer ICP Global...

  9. Microsoft Word - DOE Document _2_.doc

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... (RGGI) by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, help achieve the goals of the New Hampshire Climate Action Plan by enabling importation of Canadian hydroelectric power, and ...

  10. PP-22 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited, Amendment 1957

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presidential permit authorizing British Columbia Electric Company, Limited to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border.

  11. ARM_STM09.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Aerosol Campaign 1-29 Apr 2008: Same measurements at DOE ARM NSA Site + Canadian NRC In-situ Measurements * Aerosol properties * Atmospheric state * Cloud microphysics *...

  12. Related Links | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Coordinating Collaborative Utility Wind Integration Group Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative American Wind Wildlife Institute International British Wind Energy Association Canadian ...

  13. Monthly News Blast: January 2013

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... Conference & Expo; February 4-7, 2013; Las Vegas, Nevada ACORE's National Renewable Energy ... February 27-28, 2013; Wels, Austria Canadian Wood Pellet Heating ...

  14. PP-18 Glacier Electric Cooperative, Inc

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presidential permit authorizing Glacier Electric Cooperative, Inc to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border.

  15. Manufacturers' View on Benchmarking and Disclosure

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    EE financing Other Green appraisal standards U.S. and Canadian Policy Priorities The Association of Electrical Equipment and Medical Imaging Manufacturers Energy Savings and ...

  16. PP-22 British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority, Amendment 1967

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presidential permit authorizing British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmision facilities at the U.S-Canadian border.

  17. PP-22-1 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presidential permit authorizing British Columbia Electric Company, Limited to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border.

  18. PP-22-4 British Columbia Transmission Corporation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presidential permit authorizing British Columbia Transmission Corporation to construct, operate, and mantain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border.

  19. PP-22 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presidential permit authorizing British Columbia Electric Company, Limited to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border.

  20. Eolica Gravata | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zip: 50.030-170 Sector: Wind energy Product: Partnership between Brazilian Elica Tecnologia and Spanish Gestamp to develop wind projects in Brazil. Coordinates: -8.05538,...

  1. Ventos Energia e Tecnologia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energia e Tecnologia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ventos Energia e Tecnologia Place: Ceara, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazilian wind developer located in the state...

  2. Eolica Tecnologia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tecnologia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eolica Tecnologia Place: Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil Zip: 50.030-170 Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazilian wind project developer....

  3. ELO Sistemas e Tecnologia s founders | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ELO Sistemas e Tecnologia s founders Jump to: navigation, search Name: ELO Sistemas e Tecnologia's founders Place: Brazil Product: Founders of Brazilian electronic equipment...

  4. Enerbio Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Enerbio Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Enerbio Group Place: Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Zip: 90480-003 Sector: Renewable Energy, Services Product: Brazilian...

  5. Valesul Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Valesul Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Valesul Group Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian ethanol producer. References: Valesul Group1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  6. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Strengthens Amazonian Research Collaborations Bookmark and Share U.S. and Brazilian collaborators will combine to study one of the most complex climate processes on Earth: the...

  7. Conesul Sugar and Ethanol Plant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Conesul Sugar and Ethanol Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name: Conesul Sugar and Ethanol Plant Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian ethanol producer References: Conesul Sugar and...

  8. Sucral Bioenergia Participacoes | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 13416-060 Sector: Biomass Product: Brazilian ethanol producer. Economic feasibility of ethanol and biomass projects. Coordinates:...

  9. Cevix | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Cevix Place: Brazil Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Company created by Brazilian pension fund Funcef and developer Desenvix to invest BRL 1bn in renewable energy....

  10. Ecobras | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ecobras Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ecobras Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian biodiesel producer. References: Ecobras1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  11. Fusermann | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Fusermann Place: Minas Gerais, Brazil Product: Brazilian-based biodiesel producer. References: Fusermann1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  12. Soyminas Biodiesel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Soyminas Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name: Soyminas Biodiesel Place: DIST. INDUSTRIAL, Brazil Zip: 37980-000 Product: Brazilian biodiesel producer located in Minas...

  13. Coperba | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Coperba Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian company developing a biodiesel unit in Mato Grosso. References: Coperba1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  14. Brasil Biodiesel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name: Brasil Biodiesel Place: Piaui, Brazil Product: Brazilian holding which develops biodiesel projects. Coordinates: -6.83956,...

  15. Crescent Biodiesel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name: Crescent Biodiesel Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian biodiesel producer. References: Crescent Biodiesel1 This article is a stub. You...

  16. Taua Biodiesel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Taua Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name: Taua Biodiesel Place: Brazil Product: Biodiesel producer currently developing a 36m-litre plant in the Brazilian state of Mato...

  17. Biodiesel Triangulo | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Triangulo Jump to: navigation, search Name: Biodiesel Triangulo Place: Iturama, MG, Brazil Product: Brazilian biodiesel producer located in Minas Gerais will develop two biodiesel...

  18. NIFE Baterias Industriais | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NIFE Baterias Industriais Jump to: navigation, search Name: NIFE Baterias Industriais Place: Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 08240-005 Product: Brazilian battery manufacturer References:...

  19. Ecoprojeto | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazilian based subsidiary of German Projekt Oekovest wind project developer. References: Ecoprojeto1 This article is a...

  20. Brazil's Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in Bioenergy Brazil's Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will Shape Investments in the Long Term? Artur Milanez, Manager of Biofuels Department, Brazilian ...

  1. Grupo Zulli | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zulli Jump to: navigation, search Name: Grupo Zulli Place: Pocone, Mato Grosso, Brazil Product: Brazilian ethanol producer References: Grupo Zulli1 This article is a stub. You...

  2. DATAGRO | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: DATAGRO Place: Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Sugar and Ethanol consulting company, does market research in the brazilian industry. References:...

  3. Venturis S A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Venturis S A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Venturis SA Place: Distrito Federal (Brasilia), Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazilian based small hydro developer and investor....

  4. Polymet Alloys Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    metallurgical silicon to the solar industry that is exclusively sourced from Brazilian metal producer, Rima Industrial. Coordinates: 40.647112, -78.197678 Show Map Loading...

  5. Hidroenergia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Zip: 98700-000 Sector: Hydro, Services Product: Brazilian-based small hydro equipment manufacturer and builder services provider. References:...

  6. Riacho Preto Energ tica | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Riacho Preto Energtica Place: Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazilian based small hydro project developer. References: Riacho Preto Energtica1 This article is a...

  7. Porto Franco Energetica SA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energetica SA Place: Dianopolis, Tocantins, Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazilian-based small hydro project developer. References: Porto Franco Energetica SA1 This article is a...

  8. Tecnovolt Centrais El tricas Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltda. Place: Nova Ubirat, Mato Grosso, Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazilian small hydro project developer. References: Tecnovolt Centrais Eltricas Ltda.1 This...

  9. Sequoia Capital Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Capital Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sequoia Capital Ltda Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazilian-based wind project developer....

  10. Sifaeg | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sifaeg Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sifaeg Place: Brazil Product: Association of Brazilian sugar and ethanol producers. References: Sifaeg1 This article is a stub. You can...

  11. Slide 1

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    grown at 3% CAGR since late 1970s Source: University of Minnesota Institute on the Environment; Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association (UNICA), Food and Agricultural ...

  12. JMalucelli CMC Ambiental | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CMC Ambiental Jump to: navigation, search Name: JMalucelli & CMC Ambiental Place: Curitiba, Parana, Brazil Zip: 80410-201 Sector: Carbon Product: JV company between Brazilian Grupo...

  13. Voltalia Brasil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    20011-030 Sector: Carbon, Renewable Energy Product: Brazilian-based subsidiary of the French company Voltalia. Project developer company in renewable energy projects and carbon...

  14. Claren Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Claren Power Place: Arlington, Virginia Sector: Biomass Product: Develops biomass plants in Brazilian sugar and ethanol mills. References: Claren Power1 This article is a...

  15. Biopalma da Amaz nia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    da Amaznia Place: Belem, Para, Brazil Product: Brazilian palm oil plantation for food industry developer company. Coordinates: -1.454426, -48.502537 Show Map Loading...

  16. Brasil Green Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Brasil Green Energy Place: Brazil Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Brazilian-based company which seeks renewable energy investment...

  17. ACP Agropecuaria | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazil Zip: 19280000 Product: Brazilian agribusiness, one of the largest sugarcane suppliers of the country. It is developing an ethanol plant with Odebrecht. References: ACP...

  18. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    supply projections are based on resource availability and the economic viability of production. While a massive resource base underlies EIA's projections of Brazilian production...

  19. Abengoa Bioenergia Brasil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brasil Jump to: navigation, search Name: Abengoa Bioenergia Brasil Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 04551-060 Product: Brazilian-based ethanol producer, subsidiary of...

  20. Land Use and Water Efficiency in Current and Potential Future...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Ethanol Systems (Poster) Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Land Use and Water Efficiency in Current and Potential Future U.S. Corn and Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol ...

  1. Neutral do Brasil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Neutral do Brasil Jump to: navigation, search Name: Neutral do Brasil Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian ethanol producer. References: Neutral do Brasil1 This article is a stub....

  2. SN Power Brasil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SN Power Brasil Jump to: navigation, search Name: SN Power Brasil Place: Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Zip: 22290-160 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Brazilian...

  3. Kyocera Solar do Brasil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar do Brasil Jump to: navigation, search Name: Kyocera Solar do Brasil Place: Riode Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Zip: 22790-200 Sector: Services, Solar Product: Brazilian...

  4. Greenvest Brasil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brasil Jump to: navigation, search Name: Greenvest Brasil Place: So Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Brazilian-based company working with other...

  5. Agrocana Participacoes | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Cidade Gaucha, Parana, Brazil Product: Company with stake in brazilian ethanol mill Usaciga. References: Agrocana Participacoes1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  6. Companhia Mineira de A car e lcool Participa es | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mineira de A car e lcool Participa es Jump to: navigation, search Name: Companhia Mineira de Acar e lcool Participaes Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian sugar and...

  7. Siamig Sinda car | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Siamig Sinda car Jump to: navigation, search Name: Siamig-Sindacar Place: Minas Gerais, Brazil Product: Sugar industry union active in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais....

  8. CENAEEL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CENAEEL Jump to: navigation, search Name: CENAEEL Place: Agua Doce, Santa Catarina, Brazil Zip: 89654-000 Sector: Wind energy Product: A Brazilian wind farm developer. References:...

  9. Biocapital | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Biocapital Place: CharqueadaSP, Brazil Sector: Biofuels Product: Brazilian biodiesel producer which operates as a biofuels distributor and...

  10. Allsoft Engenharia e Informatica Industrial | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Allsoft Engenharia e Informatica Industrial Jump to: navigation, search Name: Allsoft Engenharia e Informatica Industrial Place: Brazil Product: A Brazilian engineering and...

  11. Bio Energias Renov veis | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bio Energias Renov veis Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio Energias Renovveis Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 04551-060 Sector: Biomass Product: Brazilian-based...

  12. Triunfo Agro Industrial S A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Triunfo Agro Industrial S A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Triunfo Agro Industrial SA Place: Maceio, Alagoas, Brazil Product: Brazilian ethanol producer References: Triunfo...

  13. EcoSecurities Brasil Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Product: Brazilian subsidiary engaged in the business of sourcing, developing and trading carbon credits and aid greenhouse gas emission reduction projects in the Latin America...

  14. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brazilian state research funding agencies FAPEAM (Fundao de Apoio Pesquisa do Estado do Amazonas, or Amazonas Research Foundation) and FAPESP (Fundao de Apoio ...

  15. Energisa Solu es | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gerais, Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazilian based small hydro project developer and O&M service provider. References: Energisa Solues1 This article is a stub. You...

  16. Arauna Energia e Gest o Ambiental | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Arauna Energia e Gest o Ambiental Jump to: navigation, search Name: Arauna Energia e Gesto Ambiental Place: So Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 01420-002 Product: Brazilian...

  17. Heidrich Gera o El trica | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Heidrich Gera o El trica Jump to: navigation, search Name: Heidrich Gerao Eltrica Place: Tai, Santa Catarina, Brazil Zip: 89190-000 Sector: Hydro Product: Brazilian...

  18. Rio do Lobo Energia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lobo Energia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rio do Lobo Energia Place: Erechim, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazilian based small hydro project company,...

  19. Rodrigo Pedroso Energia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rodrigo Pedroso Energia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rodrigo Pedroso Energia Place: Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazilian based company small hydro project developer....

  20. Rio Bonito Energia Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bonito Energia Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rio Bonito Energia Ltda. Place: Santa Catarina, Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazilian project developer small hydro company...

  1. Triton Energia Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energia Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Triton Energia Ltda Place: Goias, Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazilian small hydro project developer. References: Triton Energia...

  2. Santa Cruz Energia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Santa Cruz Energia Place: Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazilian wind developer based in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil....

  3. Fortuny Energia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fortuny Energia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Fortuny Energia Place: Santana do Livramento, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Zip: 97573-531 Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazilian...

  4. Grupo Corn lio Brennand | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Grupo Cornlio Brennand Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian holding of Atiaia Energia and developer company. References: Grupo Cornlio Brennand1 This article is a...

  5. COTESA Geradora de Energia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    COTESA Geradora de Energia Jump to: navigation, search Name: COTESA Geradora de Energia Place: So Jos, Santa Catarina, Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazilian based small...

  6. Renova Energia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Renova Energia Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 04571-011 Sector: Hydro, Wind energy Product: Brazilian-based project developer...

  7. Slide 1

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Market Diversification for Canadian Oil and Gas Presented by: John Foran Natural Resources Canada June 17, 2013 Canada/US Energy Trade Relationship 51 TWh 14 TWh 840 MMb 3.1 Tcf 1.0 Tcf 2600 tU % US Market Electricity 1% Crude Oil 16% Natural Gas 12% Uranium 20% Canada's Energy Policy Agenda  Market oriented energy policy  Maximize benefits of resources for Canadians  Ensure public health, safety, environmental protection  Address concerns of Canadians  Changing context 

  8. F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    for Selected Crude Streams (Dollars per Barrel) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Crude Stream Jan-16 Feb-16 Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 View History Angolan Cabinda 1983-2010 Canadian Bow River 1996-2010 Canadian Light Sour Blend 26.40 26.16 29.95 36.13 39.21 43.32 2010-2016 Canadian Lloydminster 1983-2015 Ecuadorian Oriente 1983-2008 Gabon Rabi-Kouanga 1996-2008 Iraqi Basrah Light 24.24 W W W

  9. The applicability of non-local LCI data for LCA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osses de Eicker, Margarita; Hischier, Roland; Lehmann, Martin; Zah, Rainer; Hurni, Hans

    2010-04-15

    This study evaluated how applicable European Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) data are to assessing the environmental impacts of the life cycle of Brazilian triple superphosphate (TSP). The LCI data used for the comparison were local Brazilian LCI data, European LCI data in its original version from the ecoinvent database and a modified version of the European LCI data, which had been adapted to better account for the Brazilian situation. We compared the three established datasets at the level of the inventory as well as for their environmental impacts, i.e. at the level of Life Cycle Environmental Assessment (LCIA). The analysis showed that the European LCIs (both the original and the modified ones) considered a broader spectrum of background processes and environmental flows (inputs and outputs). Nevertheless, TSP production had in all three cases similar values for the consumption of the main raw materials. The LCIA results obtained for the datasets showed important differences as well. Therefore we concluded that the European data in general lead to much higher environmental impacts than the Brazilian data. The differences between the LCIA results obtained with the Brazilian and the European data can be basically explained by the methodological differences underlying the data. The small differences at the LCI level for selected inputs and outputs between the Brazilian and the European LCIs from ecoinvent indicate that the latter can be regarded as applicable for characterizing the Brazilian TSP.

  10. Secretary Chu Opens U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue | Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Headquarters in Washington, DC. The public-private meeting, which will be held June 29-30, is bringing together leaders from private industry to meet with U.S. and Canadian ...

  11. Increasing Importance of Natural Gas Imports on the U.S. Marketplace

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2000-01-01

    The growing importance of imported natural gas supplies in the U.S. marketplace, especially the northeast, is reflected in the two-fold increase in Canadian and overall net imports since 1990.

  12. Engaging the Next Generation of Automotive Engineers through Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition (AVTC) program is an engineering education program managed by Argonne National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy in partnership with Natural Resources Canada and the U.S. and Canadian auto industries.

  13. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and further supported by the startup of a 250,000-barrel-per-day (bbld) crude distillation unit at BP's Whiting, Indiana, refinery, combined with maintenance at Canadian...

  14. A PUBLICATION FOR ALL MEMBERS OF THE NNSA/NSO FAMILY Issue

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Although similar gas guns have been and are in operation at ... cies, the American Red Cross, and the Canadian government. ... The Aerial Measuring System (AMS) deployed the fixed wing ...

  15. El Reno, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. El Reno is a city in Canadian County, Oklahoma. It falls under Oklahoma's 3rd congressional...

  16. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc . Canadian Electrical Association Comments Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing ...

  17. Slide 1

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... of Canadian liquid U.S.-origin uranium EA for return of U.S.-origin spent fuel pellets from Federal Republic of Germany EA for construction of municipal airport at Oak ...

  18. Section One, Bioenergy Technologies Office Multi-Year Program...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... European targets for the production of 20% renewable power by 2020 have led to an expanding market for American and Canadian wood pellets and raw biomass feedstock. Proposals for ...

  19. N:\\WPWIN60\\EA'S\\EA-118.ORD

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The pump station will serve a crude oil pipeline that will transport Canadian-produced oil from Hardisty, Alberta, Canada, to Casper, Wyoming. The pipeline is scheduled to begin ...

  20. MHK Projects/OpenHydro Bay of Fundy Nova Scotia CA | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Phase Phase 1 Project Details OpenHydro is working with Canadian utility Nova Scotia Power to create a tidal demonstration project in the Bay of Fundy. Following successful...

  1. Spectra Nova Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Spectra Nova Technologies Inc. Place: Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Zip: K2E 7J5 Sector: Solar Product: A Canadian based technology company, active in...

  2. Becancour Silicon Inc BSI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Becancour Silicon Inc (BSI) Place: St. Laurent, Quebec, Canada Zip: H4M2M4 Sector: Solar Product: Canadian supplier of silicon metal for the...

  3. 6N Silicon Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: 6N Silicon Inc Place: Mississauga, Ontario, Canada Zip: L5T 1E6 Sector: Solar Product: Canadian manufactuer of upgraded metallurgical...

  4. Centennial Solar Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Centennial Solar Inc Place: St Laurent, Canada Zip: H4S 1M5 Sector: Solar Product: Canadian solar system installer. References:...

  5. SiXtron Advanced Materials Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: SiXtron Advanced Materials Inc Place: Dorval, Quebec, Canada Zip: H9P 1J1 Product: Canadian manufacturer of anti-reflective coating capital...

  6. United States Entity Columbia River Treaty

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    BPA A-7 USACE CENWD-DE Ms. Sue Saarnio, Director Office of Canadian Affairs, WHA-CAN United States Department of State 2201 C Street Northwest Washington, D.C. 20520 Dear Ms....

  7. 2015 Forum on Hydropower

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Discover how Canadian hydropower is learning lessons and building the future. Get updated on greenfield, rehabilitation, refurbishment and expansion projects going on across the country. Learn how...

  8. Document Number Q0029500 Significant Activities

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ... The first ZVI PRB was a demonstration-scale project emplaced at Canadian Forces Base ... A demonstration-scale ZVI-based PRB was emplaced in 1997 to treat uranium- contaminated ...

  9. Semafo | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Quebec, Canada Zip: H4M 2M4 Sector: Solar Product: Canadian-based mining company with gold production and exploration activities in West Africa studying a solar project in...

  10. SREL Reprint #3112

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA 3Canadian Wildlife Service, 300-2365 Albert Street, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada S4P 4K1 4Department of Biology, University of...

  11. Canada and the United States Cooperate to Shut Down One of the Last Weapons-Grade Plutonium Production Reactors in Russia

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Pierre Pettigrew and United States Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman today announced the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to...

  12. CCRS Landcover Maps From Satellite Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Trishchenko, Alexander

    2008-01-15

    The Canadian Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS) presents several landcover maps over the SGP CART site area (32-40N, 92-102W) derived from satellite data including AVHRR, MODIS, SPOT vegetation data, and Landsat satellite TM imagery.

  13. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | October 6, 2014: Fermilab?s...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    through the Earth, with no tunnel needed. The 14,000-ton far detector - constructed in Ash River, Minnesota, near the Canadian border - spots those neutrinos after their 500-mile...

  14. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | February 11, 2014: NOvA...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the two particle detectors, one near the source at Fermilab and the other in Ash River, Minn., near the Canadian border. The detector in Ash River is operated by the...

  15. Untitled

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alp was a member of advisory several interna)onal synchrotron radia)on centers like Canadian Light Source, SESAME project in Jordan, and Turkish Accelerator Center project. He ...

  16. SREL Reprint #3041

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Glaudas, X. and C. T. Winne 2007. Do warning displays predict striking behavior in a viperid snake, the cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus)? Canadian Journal of Zoology 85:574-578...

  17. Morgan Solar Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Toronto, Ontario, Canada Zip: M6J 1C5 Product: Canadian VC-backed concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) technology developer. Coordinates: 43.64856, -79.385324 Show Map Loading...

  18. Cyrium Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Ottowa, Ontario, Canada Zip: K1A 0R6 Product: Canadian manufacturer of GaAs photovoltaic (PV) cells for terrestrial and space use. Coordinates: 38.554325, -121.784714...

  19. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Wyoming, dropped 6 cents to 1.40 per MMBtu this week. Prices at the Canadian-U.S. border at Sumas, Washington, moved up 3 cents to 1.57 per MMBtu. At the NYMEX, the futures...

  20. 5N Plus Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    N Plus Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: 5N Plus Inc Place: Quebec, Canada Sector: Solar Product: Canadian manufacturer of high-purity metals and compounds for electronic...

  1. Storage Ring Synchrotron Radiation Sources

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    BRAZIL Campinas LNLS 1.35 Dedicated CANADA Saskatoon CLS (Canadian Light Source) 2.9 Dedicated CHINA (PRC) Beijing < td WIDTH"40%" bgcolor"FFFFFF">BSRF (Inst. High En. Phys.) ...

  2. EIS-0103: Draft Environmental Impact Statement | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and operation of a 57-mile transmission line from Monroe, New Hampshire, to the U.S.Canadian border for the purpose of economic exchange of power and increased reliability. ...

  3. EIA Energy Information Administration

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    50 -3 414 57 51 6 An echo of winter reverberated early last week as a broad Canadian cold front swung down into the Midwest and pushed east by northeast into New England last...

  4. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    December 31, 2008 [Facility News] Arctic Field Campaign Data and Instrument Performance Reviewed at Workshop Bookmark and Share Both wings of the Canadian National Research Council's Convair-580 aircraft were equipped with numerous cloud and aerosol probes during ISDAC. Both wings of the Canadian National Research Council's Convair-580 aircraft were equipped with numerous cloud and aerosol probes during ISDAC. In April 2008, the month-long Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC)

  5. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    pre-dawn hours of January 24, 1978, a Canadian Mounted Police corporal located in Hay River, in the Canadian Northwest Territories, reported a meteor sighting. One hundred and twenty-fve miles north, in Yellowknife, a night janitor reported mysterious lights streaking across the darkened sky. What these eye-witnesses actually saw was the re-entry of the Soviet satellite Cosmos 954 into Earth's atmosphere. Background Cosmos 954 launched into orbit on September 18, 1977. The satellite was designed

  6. Tritium Technology at CNL

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1- UNRESTRICTED/ ILLIMITÉ Chalk River Tritium Activities: Select Topics Presented by Hugh Boniface Tritium Focus Group Meeting, Princeton, NJ, 2015 May -2- UNRESTRICTED/ ILLIMITÉ * Canadian Nuclear Labs - former AECL * New Tritium Facility * Tritium-resistant e-cell materials * Beta-voltaics * Helium-3 recovery Topics -3- UNRESTRICTED/ ILLIMITÉ * Main campus of Canadian Nuclear Labs - former AECL * Established 1952 Crown Corporation * 3100 employees (500 advanced degrees) * 600 M$ in revenue

  7. Proceedings: Graphics interface '86/Vision interface '86

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    This book contains papers presented at the Graphics interface conference. The Graphics interface conference is a major forum for the presentation of research in computer graphics and human-computer interaction. Sponsored by the Canadian Man-Computer Communications Society, the conferene draws an international audience with papers presented from France, Great Britain, the United States and Canada. The 1986 meeting was held jointly with Vision Interface '86, sponsored by the Canadian Image Processing and Pattern Recognition Society.

  8. Junqueira Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazil Product: Brazilian sugar and ethanol company planning to build a mill in Paraguay. References: Junqueira Group1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  9. Grupo Araguari | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: Grupo Araguari Place: Araguari, Minas Gerais, Brazil Product: Ethanol producer based in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerias that is building a 230mLpa...

  10. Alcopan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alcopan Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alcopan Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian ethanol producer. References: Alcopan1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding...

  11. Gestamp Eolica Brasil S A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Eolica Brasil S A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Gestamp Eolica Brasil S.A. Place: Lagoa Nova, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazilian-based...

  12. EcoBio Carbon | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EcoBio Carbon Jump to: navigation, search Name: EcoBio Carbon Place: Sao Paulo, Santa Catarina, Brazil Zip: 88750-000 Product: Brazilian CDM project developer. References: EcoBio...

  13. Eletricidade de Rond nia S A ELETRON | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rond nia S A ELETRON Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eletricidade de Rondnia S.A. (ELETRON) Place: Alta Floresta D'Oeste, Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazilian small hydro...

  14. Ubrabio | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Ubrabio Place: Goias, Brazil Zip: 70711-902 Product: Brazilian biodiesel union. References: Ubrabio1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  15. Brasbiofuel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian biofuel company investing USD 240.8m to develop the biodiesel industry in Parana. References: Brasbiofuel1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  16. Centro de Cana | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cana Jump to: navigation, search Name: Centro de Cana Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian research institute. References: Centro de Cana1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

  17. Cons rcio Novo Gramacho | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Product: Brazilian company that owns a biogas plant in Rio de Janeiro. References: Consrcio Novo Gramacho1 This article is a...

  18. Enerbrax | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Brazil Sector: Solar Product: Brazilian company planning to build a 50Mw solar thermal plant in Paraiba with Amda. References: Enerbrax1 This article is a stub. You...

  19. Etanalc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sao Jose, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Product: Brazilian ethanol company developing three plants in Tocantins. References: Etanalc1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  20. Cogen | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    which was created to support the advancement of cogeneration in the Brazilian energy matrix. References: Cogen1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it....

  1. AEO 2013 Liquid Fuels Markets Working Group

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    year Under the LCFS Brazilian sugarcane Ethanol is favorable due to its carbon intensity ... as it is more expensive than corn based ethanol Q: Is the California LCFS an attempt to ...

  2. Theolia do Brasil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    do Brasil Jump to: navigation, search Name: Theolia do Brasil Place: Po, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Zip: 90470-130 Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazilian based subsidiary wind...

  3. Zeppini Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazil Product: Brazilian firm that sells PV applications for homes, industry and business. References: Zeppini Group1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  4. Jose Bunlai Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bunlai Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jose Bunlai Group Place: Brazil Product: Brazilian sugar and ethanol producer currently building a 288mLpa plant in Mato Grosso do...

  5. Land Use and Water Efficiency in Current and Potential Future...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Water Efficiency in Current and Potential Future U.S. Corn and Brazilian Sugarcane Ethanol Systems (Poster) Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Land Use and Water Efficiency ...

  6. NREL helps to bring renewable energy to Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pitchford, P.

    1994-12-31

    The US DOE, through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), is working with Brazilian government agencies and several utilities to bring adequate electric power to remote rural areas. These organizations are collaborating on a joint venture, begun in 1992, designed to bring photovoltaic- and wind-generated electricity to the Brazilian countryside. Rural homes in eight Brazilian states, rather than just the initial two states targeted in the original plan, will be provided with electric lighting powered by renewable energy systems. The project is also bringing much-needed electricity for refrigeration and water pumping to many village schools, community centers and medical clinics. The primary objective of the cost-shared, joint US/Brazilian project is to assess the efficiency, operability, and reliability of renewable energy-based rural electrification.

  7. CROSS VALIDATION OF SATELLITE RADIATION TRANSFER MODELS DURING...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is qualified according to BSRN 5 criteria and are available at each minute interval. The ground site at Caic is this small city located in the semi-arid region of the Brazilian...

  8. Greentech Capital | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Capital Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 04536-001 Product: Brazilian investment group. References: Greentech Capital1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

  9. CearaPortos | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: CearaPortos Place: Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazilian state-owned port administrar hoping to build a wind farm in Ceara. References: CearaPortos1 This...

  10. CPFL Bioenergia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of biomass power plants in Brazil that is a subsidiary of Brazilian utility CPFL Energia. References: CPFL Bioenergia1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  11. United States-Canada air services: The role of alliances in a future bilateral agreement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, I.

    1995-12-01

    Transborder air services between the U.S. and Canada represent a mixing of two dynamic domestic markets whose relationships with each other is governed by a diplomatically negotiated agreement between governments. Trying to divide up the pie between the carriers of both nations while promoting economic growth is proving to be very difficult; four years of negotiations have yet to reach fruition. The Canadian government and carriers see the pie as fixed; there is only so much transborder traffic and Canadian airlines need their share. In contrast, U.S. carriers, airport operators, and government negotiators see the airline industry as a major instrument of economic growth. In this view, they are joined by many Canadian communities who believe that increased service can be of considerable benefit. More competition and better service can only lead to higher demand and passenger volume, from which Canadian airlines will benefit. Alliances between U.S. and Canadian carriers can help break the deadlock. The two governments need to recognize that their domestic airline industries are not distinct, and that they will share in any liberalization. Alliances need formal recognition, encouragement, and may be one of the few viable instruments available that will promote a greatly needed bilateral air services agreement between the U.S. and Canada.

  12. Evidence for the existence of a fourth dominantly inherited spinocerebellar ataxia locus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lopes-Cendes, I. Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, Quebec McGill Univ., Quebec ); Andermann, E. McGill Univ., Quebec ); Rouleau, G.A. Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, Quebec )

    1994-05-01

    The autosomal dominantly inherited spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders. To date, three loci have been identified: The SCA1 locus (on chr 6p), the SCA2 locus (on chr 12q), and more recently a Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) locus (on chr 14q). The authors have studied one large French-Canadian kindred with four generations of living affected individuals segregating an autosomal dominant form of SCA. Linkage analysis using anonymous DNA markers that flank the three previously described loci significantly exclude the French-Canadian kindred from the SCA1, SCA2, and MJD loci. Therefore, a fourth, still unmapped SCA locus remains to be identified. In addition, the unique clinical phenotype present in all affected individuals of the French-Canadian kindred might be characteristic of this still unmapped SCA locus. 34 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  13. Landed Costs of Imported Crude by API Gravity

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    India's Housing Sector - Energy Information Administration Canadian Energy Demand Electricity Usage in India's Housing Sector SERIES: Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis Canadian Energy Demand Release date: June 2, 2015 The residential sector is one of the main end-use sectors in Canada accounting for 16.7% of total end-use site energy consumption in 2009 (computed from NRCan 2012. pp, 4-5). In this year, the residential sector accounted for 54.5% of buildings total site

  14. How the U.S. and Canada are Fighting Climate Change Together | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy the U.S. and Canada are Fighting Climate Change Together How the U.S. and Canada are Fighting Climate Change Together March 10, 2016 - 4:57pm Addthis President Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at the White House in Washington. | Photo courtesy of the Government of Canada. President Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at the White House in Washington. | Photo courtesy of the Government of Canada. Melanie A. Kenderdine Melanie A. Kenderdine Director of

  15. It Is Great That We Have Environment to Exchange Ideas | Center for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    India's Housing Sector - Energy Information Administration Canadian Energy Demand Electricity Usage in India's Housing Sector SERIES: Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis Canadian Energy Demand Release date: June 2, 2015 The residential sector is one of the main end-use sectors in Canada accounting for 16.7% of total end-use site energy consumption in 2009 (computed from NRCan 2012. pp, 4-5). In this year, the residential sector accounted for 54.5% of buildings total site

  16. Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Electricity Usage in

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    India's Housing Sector - Energy Information Administration Canadian Energy Demand Electricity Usage in India's Housing Sector SERIES: Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis Canadian Energy Demand Release date: June 2, 2015 The residential sector is one of the main end-use sectors in Canada accounting for 16.7% of total end-use site energy consumption in 2009 (computed from NRCan 2012. pp, 4-5). In this year, the residential sector accounted for 54.5% of buildings total site

  17. : Hanson Blata, Chief, Radiation Branch Health & Safety Division

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Hanson Blata, Chief, Radiation Branch Health & Safety Division ,DATTE: July 25, 1952 FROM : Eugene Barry, Radiation Brsnchctr@ Health & Safety Division SL-JEm: VISIT TO CANADIAN RADIUM AND UFLANIUM CO, MT. K&O, N. Y. - MAY 28, 1952 SrnOL: HSR:.WB:md On May 28, a visit was made to the Canadian Radium and Uranium Co. of Mt. Kisco, New York, a manufacturer and distributor of radium and polonium products, for the purpose of assisting the New York State Department of Labor in making a

  18. Sulfur determination in blood from inhabitants of Brazil using neutron activation analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliveira, Laura C.; Zamboni, Cibele B.

    2013-05-06

    In this study the NAA technique was applied to analyze sulfur in blood from inhabitants of Brazil for the proposition of an indicative interval. The measurements were performed considering lifestyle factors (non-smokers, non-drinkers and no history of toxicological exposure) of Brazilian inhabitants. The influence of gender was also investigated considering several age ranges (18-29, 30-39, 40-49, >50 years). These data are useful in clinical investigations, to identify or prevent diseases caused by inadequate sulfur ingestion and for nutritional evaluation of Brazilian population.

  19. PV-hybrid village power systems in Amazonia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warner, C.L.; Taylor, R.W.; Ribeiro, C.M.

    1996-05-01

    The Brazilian Amazon region is an ideal location for isolated mini-grid systems. Hundreds of diesel systems have been installed to supply electricity to this sparsely populated region. However, the availability of renewable energy resources makes the Amazon well-suited to renewable energy systems. This paper describes the technical aspects of two hybrid systems being installed in this region through the cooperative effort of multiple partners: U.S. Department of Energy, through NREL, and Brazilian CEPEL/Eletrobras and state electric utilities.

  20. Computational Advances in Applied Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Computational Advances in Applied Energy Computational Advances in Applied Energy Friedmann-LLNL-SEAB.10.11.pdf (19.92 MB) More Documents & Publications Director's Perspective by George Miller Fact Sheet: Collaboration of Oak Ridge, Argonne, and Livermore (CORAL) QER - Comment of Canadian Hydropower Association

  1. Partnership connects North America NGL markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bodenhamer, K.

    1998-12-31

    The United States and Canadian NGL/LPG pipeline network became a larger North America system on April 2, 1997 with the opening of the Rio Grande Pipeline, delivering LPG from the United States to Mexico. This North American pipeline system now links three of the world`s largest LPG producing and consuming nations.

  2. 2006 gasification technologies conference papers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2006-07-01

    Sessions covered: business overview, industry trends and new developments; gasification projects progress reports; industrial applications and opportunities; Canadian oil sands; China/Asia gasification markets - status and projects; carbon management with gasification technologies; gasification economics and performance issues addressed; and research and development, and new technologies initiatives.

  3. 1997 annual pipeline directory and equipment guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-09-01

    This annual guide is divided into the following sections: Equivalent valve tables; Complete 1997 line pipe tables; Engineering and construction services; Crude oil pipeline companies; Slurry companies; Natural gas companies; Gas distribution pipeline companies; Municipal gas systems; Canadian pipeline companies; International pipeline companies; and Company index. The tables list component materials, manufacturers, and service companies.

  4. Pipeline and Gas Journal`s 1998 annual pipeline directory and equipment guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-09-01

    The tables provide information on line pipe sizes, walls, grades, and manufacturing processes. Data are presented by manufacturer within each country. Also tabulated are engineering and construction service companies, crude oil pipeline companies, products pipeline companies, natural gas pipeline companies, gas distribution companies, and municipal gas systems in the US. There is also a Canadian and an international directory.

  5. untitled

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    e R iv er Federal Dam Non-Federal Dam Canadian Dam Columbia River Basin Majo r Dam s Within Co lu mb ia Rive r B as in P a c i f i c O c e a n 0 50 100 25 Miles 0 100 50 Kilometers...

  6. EIS-0079: 300-kV International Submarine Transmission Line- Erie, Pennsylvania to Nanticoke, Ontario, Canada General Public Utilities Corporation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Emergency Operations developed this statement to assess the potential environmental and socioeconomic impacts of the construction and operation of 44 miles of cable between the Erie West Substation and the Canadian border.

  7. EIS-0447: Champlain Hudson Power Express Transmission Line Project, New York

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS evaluated the potential environmental impacts of a DOE proposal to grant a Presidential permit to Champlain Hudson Power Express, Inc., to construct, operate, maintain, and connect a new 1000-megawatt (MW) electric transmission system across the U.S.-Canada border in northeastern New York State. The proposed transmission line would run from the Canadian Province of Quebec to New York City.

  8. Coal mine directory: United States and Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-07-01

    The directory gives a state-by-state listing of all US and Canadian coal producers. It contains contact information as well as the type of mine, production statistics, coal composition, transportation methods etc. A statistical section provides general information about the US coal industry, preparation plants, and longwall mining operations.

  9. Wind Forecast Improvement Project Southern Study Area Final Report |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Wind Forecast Improvement Project Southern Study Area Final Report Wind Forecast Improvement Project Southern Study Area Final Report Wind Forecast Improvement Project Southern Study Area Final Report.pdf (15.76 MB) More Documents & Publications QER - Comment of Edison Electric Institute (EEI) 1 QER - Comment of Canadian Hydropower Association QER - Comment of Edison Electric Institute (EEI) 2

  10. China shows increasing interest in heavy oil and oil sands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-12-01

    China and Canadian and US groups are cooperating in several areas to develop the heavy oil, asphalt, and oil sand deposits of China. The agreements dealing with exploration and upgrading are briefly described. The majority of the paper describes the occurrences of heavy oil, asphalt, and oil sands in China. 1 figure.

  11. An update of a national database of low-level radioactive waste in Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De, P.L.; Barker, R.C.

    1993-03-01

    This paper gives an overview and update of a national database of low-level radioactive waste in Canada. To provide a relevant perspective, Canadian data are compared with US data on annual waste arisings and with disposal initiatives of the US compacts and states. Presented also is an assessment of the data and its implications for disposal solutions in Canada.

  12. DOE_jobs_online_(Hiring_manager).pdf

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    DOE_Technology_TF_Final-Jun.pdf DOE_Technology_TF_Final-Jun.pdf (125.49 KB) More Documents & Publications 1703 Process Letter QER - Comment of Canadian Hydropower Association Behavioral Opportunities for Energy Savings in Office Buildings: a London Field Experiment

  13. 1985 fuel supply seminar: proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prast, W.G.

    1986-09-01

    The major topics were utility fuel demand uncertainty (featuring uncertainty in electricity demand growth prospects), fuel forecasts and assumptions, residual fuel oil and natural gas markets, coal in environmental planning, coal market conditions and implications for procurement, and Canadian energy purchases. Individual papers are processed separately for the data bases. (PSB)

  14. Simulation of industrial coking -- Phase 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Todoschuk, T.W.; Price, J.T.; Gransden, J.F.

    1997-12-31

    Two statistically designed experimental programs using an Appalachian and a Western Canadian coal blend were run in CANMET`s 460mm (18 inch) movable wall oven. Factors included coal grind, moisture, oil addition, carbonization rate and final coke temperature. Coke quality parameters including CSR, coal charge characteristics and pressure generation were analyzed.

  15. EIS-0103: New England/Hydro-Quebec 450-kV Direct Current Transmission Line Interconnection

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Economic Regulatory Administration prepared this statement to evaluate the environmental impacts of the construction, maintenance, and operation of a 57-mile transmission line from Monroe, New Hampshire, to the U.S./Canadian border for the purpose of economic exchange of power and increased reliability. Phase 2 of this project is detailed in EIS-0129.

  16. DOE_Technology_TF_Final-Jun.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOE_Technology_TF_Final-Jun.pdf DOE_Technology_TF_Final-Jun.pdf (125.49 KB) More Documents & Publications 1703 Process Letter QER - Comment of Canadian Hydropower Association Behavioral Opportunities for Energy Savings in Office Buildings: a London Field Experiment

  17. Grain Handling and Transportation Policy in Canada: Implications for the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nolan, James; Peterson, Steven K

    2015-01-01

    The grain handling and transportation system in Canada (GHTS) is currently going through a major transition, both with respect to handling and transportation. Historically, the system has pitted farmers against the railways with respect to securing individual fair shares of grain revenues. But with the removal of the single desk marketing and logistics function of the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) in late 2012, a very interesting and potentially game-changing outcome is emerging with respect to the new functionality of the grain companies in the Canadian system. While historical awareness of rail s natural monopoly position in the grain handling system has kept that sector regulated (in several ways) for close to a century, we are now starting to see the effects of a less than competitive Canadian grain handling sector on revenue sharing, along with renewed movement in the industry with respect to buyouts and potential mergers. This overview will highlight some of the changes now occurring and how they are potentially going to interact or evolve as the system moves forward. For example, the on-going regulatory instrument used to regulate grain transportation rates in Canada (called the maximum revenue entitlement (MRE) or revenue cap) is under current debate because of the introduction a few months ago of a modification to an old regulatory instrument known as extended (or reciprocal) interswitching. As opposed to the revenue cap which is a direct intervention on monopoly behavior, extended interswitching is designed to encourage the major Canadian grain carriers to compete with one another and potentially seek out new traffic (Nolan and Skotheim, 2008). But the most intriguing aspect of extended interswitching is how it might allow a major rail carrier from the U.S. to solicit grain traffic in some areas of the Canadian grain transportation system.

  18. Grain Handling and Transportation Policy in Canada: Implications for the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nolan, James; Peterson, Steven K

    2015-08-01

    The grain handling and transportation system in Canada (GHTS) is currently going through a major transition, both with respect to handling and transportation. Historically, the system has pitted farmers against the railways with respect to securing individual fair shares of grain revenues. But with the removal of the single desk marketing and logistics function of the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) in late 2012, a very interesting and potentially game-changing outcome is emerging with respect to the new functionality of the grain companies in the Canadian system. While historical awareness of rail s natural monopoly position in the grain handling system has kept that sector regulated (in several ways) for close to a century, we are now starting to see the effects of a less than competitive Canadian grain handling sector on revenue sharing, along with renewed movement in the industry with respect to buyouts and potential mergers. This overview will highlight some of the changes now occurring and how they are potentially going to interact or evolve as the system moves forward. For example, the on-going regulatory instrument used to regulate grain transportation rates in Canada (called the maximum revenue entitlement (MRE) or revenue cap) is under current debate because of the introduction a few months ago of a modification to an old regulatory instrument known as extended (or reciprocal) interswitching. As opposed to the revenue cap which is a direct intervention on monopoly behavior, extended interswitching is designed to encourage the major Canadian grain carriers to compete with one another and potentially seek out new traffic (Nolan and Skotheim, 2008). But the most intriguing aspect of extended interswitching is how it might allow a major rail carrier from the U.S. to solicit grain traffic in some areas of the Canadian grain transportation system.

  19. Grain Handling and Transportation Policy in Canada: Implications for the United States

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Nolan, James; Peterson, Steven K

    2015-08-01

    The grain handling and transportation system in Canada (GHTS) is currently going through a major transition, both with respect to handling and transportation. Historically, the system has pitted farmers against the railways with respect to securing individual fair shares of grain revenues. But with the removal of the single desk marketing and logistics function of the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) in late 2012, a very interesting and potentially game-changing outcome is emerging with respect to the new functionality of the grain companies in the Canadian system. While historical awareness of rail s natural monopoly position in the grain handling systemmore » has kept that sector regulated (in several ways) for close to a century, we are now starting to see the effects of a less than competitive Canadian grain handling sector on revenue sharing, along with renewed movement in the industry with respect to buyouts and potential mergers. This overview will highlight some of the changes now occurring and how they are potentially going to interact or evolve as the system moves forward. For example, the on-going regulatory instrument used to regulate grain transportation rates in Canada (called the maximum revenue entitlement (MRE) or revenue cap) is under current debate because of the introduction a few months ago of a modification to an old regulatory instrument known as extended (or reciprocal) interswitching. As opposed to the revenue cap which is a direct intervention on monopoly behavior, extended interswitching is designed to encourage the major Canadian grain carriers to compete with one another and potentially seek out new traffic (Nolan and Skotheim, 2008). But the most intriguing aspect of extended interswitching is how it might allow a major rail carrier from the U.S. to solicit grain traffic in some areas of the Canadian grain transportation system.« less

  20. Applications of AMS {sup 14}C on Climate and Archaeology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomes, P. R. S.

    2007-10-26

    We describe the Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) technique and two distinct applications of its use with {sup 14}C to study environmental problems in Brazil, such as forest fires and climate changes in the Amazon region and archaeological studies on the early settlements in the Southeast Brazilian coast.

  1. Assessment of oil-shale technology in Brazil. Final technical report, October 27, 1980-July 27, 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-07-27

    The development of an oil shale industry in the United States will require the solution of a variety of technical, economic, environmental, and health and safety problems. This assessment investigates whether US oil shale developers might benefit from the experience gained by the Brazilians in the operation of their Usina Prototipo do Irati oil shale demonstration plant at Sao Mateus do Sul, and from the data generated from their oil shale research and development programs. A chapter providing background information on Brazil and the Brazilian oil shale deposits is followed by an examination of the potential recovery processes applicable to Brazilian oil shale. The evolution of the Brazilian retorting system is reviewed and compared with the mining and retorting proposed for US shales. Factors impacting on the economics of shale oil production in Brazil are reviewed and compared to economic analyses of oil shale production in the US. Chapters examining the consequences of shale development in terms of impact on the physical environment and the oil shale worker complete the report. Throughout the report, where data permits, similarities and differences are drawn between the oil shale programs underway in Brazil and the US. In addition, research areas in which technology or information transfer could benefit either or both countries' oil shale programs are identified.

  2. Brazil’s Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will Shape Investments in the Long Term?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Breakout Session 3C—Fostering Technology Adoption III: International Market Opportunities in Bioenergy Brazil’s Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will Shape Investments in the Long Term? Artur Milanez, Manager of Biofuels Department, Brazilian Development Bank

  3. DOE Simulator Training to Brazil's Petrobas Advances Goal of Deploying Clean Coal Technology at Home and Abroad

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    A recently-completed comprehensive Department of Energy training initiative using an innovative high-fidelity combined-cycle dynamic simulator has provided employees of a Brazilian multi-national company the opportunity to learn to operate and control the near-zero-emission power plants critical to a cleaner energy future.

  4. Yacyreta hydroelectric project contract signed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-09-01

    On June 26, 1987 the $270 million contract for the supply of 20 large hydraulic turbines for the Yacyreta Hydroelectric Project was signed by the Entidad Binacional Yacyreta, (a binational agency created by the governments of Argentina and Paraguay for the development of Yacyreta), and by Voith Hydro, Inc., of York, Pennsylvania, and Canadian General Electric of Montreal, Canada. Under the terms of the contract, 9 turbine units will be supplied by Voith Hydro, Inc. from its York, Pennsylvania plant, 4 units by Canadian General Electric of Montreal, and 7 units by Metanac, a consortium of Argentine manufacturers, who will utilize technology and technical assistance from Voith and CGE. The Yacyreta Project is being built on the Parana River on the border between Argentina and Paraguay. Construction at the site commenced in late 1983. Voith's portion of this contrast represents approximately $130 million dollars worth of business for its York, Pennsylvania facility.

  5. Views on world markets - Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Passmore, J.

    1996-12-31

    If {open_quotes}market{close_quotes} is defined by hardware in the ground (as it should be), then the Canadian wind power market has been virtually non-existent (only 23 MW to date). The potential on the other hand is enormous (6400 MW likely to be developed). This potential has not been pursued because of unregulated electric utility monopolies, lack of political knowledge and interest, and punitive tax treatment for renewables. Recent initiatives including utility restructuring, federal plans for green power procurement, and proposed tax measures suggest that situation has potential for change. Interested parties should start familiarizing themselves with the Canadian players / market now, in order to be ready to move when the time comes (likely in the next three years). 3 tabs.

  6. Locus heterogeneity in autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia: Evidence for the existence of a fifth locus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarrazin, J.; Rouleau, G.A.; Andermann, E.

    1994-09-01

    The autosomal dominantly inherited spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders. To date, four loci have been identified: the SCA-1 locus (on chromosome (chr) 6p), the SCA-2 locus (on chr 12q), the SCA-3/MJD locus (on chr 14q), and more recently an SCA-4 locus was described (chr 16q) in a Utah kindred. We have studied one large French Canadian kindred with four generations of living affected individuals segregating an autosomal dominant form of SCA. Linkage analysis using anonymous DNA markers which flank the four previously described loci significantly excludes the French Canadian kindred from the SCA-1, SCA-2, SCA-3/MJD and SCA-4 loci. Therefore a fifth, still unmapped, SCA locus remains to be identified.

  7. U.S. pipelines continue gains into 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    True, W.R.

    1996-11-25

    US interstate natural gas, crude oil, and petroleum product pipelines turned in health performances for 1995, continuing impressive efficiency improvements that were evident in 1994. Revenues and incomes earned from operations along with volumes moved are among data annually submitted to FERC and tracked by Oil and Gas Journal year to year in this exclusive report. This year`s report expands coverage of plans for new construction and completed-cost figures by including Canadian activity for the same 12-month period: July 1, 1995, to June 30, 1996. The paper includes data on the following: pipeline revenues, incomes--1995; North American pipeline costs, estimated; US pipeline costs, estimated vs. actual; North American compressor-construction costs; US compressor costs, estimated vs. actual; Canadian pipeline construction costs, actual; US interstate mileage; investment in liquids pipelines; 10 years of land construction costs; to 10 interstate liquids lines; top 10 interstate gas lines; liquids pipeline companies; and gas pipeline companies.

  8. Methodology, status and plans for development and assessment of TUF and CATHENA codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luxat, J.C.; Liu, W.S.; Leung, R.K.

    1997-07-01

    An overview is presented of the Canadian two-fluid computer codes TUF and CATHENA with specific focus on the constraints imposed during development of these codes and the areas of application for which they are intended. Additionally a process for systematic assessment of these codes is described which is part of a broader, industry based initiative for validation of computer codes used in all major disciplines of safety analysis. This is intended to provide both the licensee and the regulator in Canada with an objective basis for assessing the adequacy of codes for use in specific applications. Although focused specifically on CANDU reactors, Canadian experience in developing advanced two-fluid codes to meet wide-ranging application needs while maintaining past investment in plant modelling provides a useful contribution to international efforts in this area.

  9. How might North American oil and gas markets have performed with a Free Trade Agreement in 1970?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watkins, G.C.; Waverman, L.

    1993-12-31

    Deregulation on both sides of the U.S.-Canadian border has made certain aspects of trade agreements largely superfluous in the near term. It is over the longer term that the impact of the NAFTA will become apparent. To grapple with this issue, simulations are attempted of oil and gas trade between the United States and Canada as if the NAFTA had been in place before the first oil price shock of 1973. The simulations suggest substantial additional exports of Canadian oil and gas would have enabled the United States to back out volumes of OPEC oil during the critical years of the late 1970s and early 1980s. This would have served to dampen world oil markets during the years of OPEC ascendancy-not dramatically, but not negligibly either. By promoting closer integration of energy markets, the NAFTA should lead to more cohesive North American responses to any future world oil shocks. 13 refs., 8 tabs.

  10. Find Theses and Dissertations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Theses and Dissertations Find Theses and Dissertations Most of the theses sources below are publicly accessible. Questions? 667-5809 Email Electronic Databases Open Access Theses and Dissertations - Results limited to freely accessible, full-text ETDs Center for Research Libraries - Foreign Dissertations Collection Theses Canada - Canadian theses from Library and Archives Canada EThOS (Electronic Theses Online Service) - UK theses from the British Library Networked Digital Library of Theses and

  11. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Small Processes Make a Big Difference in Model Outcomes Submitter: Cole, J. N., Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis Area of Research: General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Modeling Journal Reference: Cole, J. N. S., H. W. Barker, D. A. Randall, M. F. Khairoutdinov, and E. E. Clothiaux (2005), Global consequences of interactions between clouds and radiation at scales unresolved by global climate models, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32,

  12. RegIntlElecTrade_Eng_final.PDF

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    North America Regulation of International Electricity Trade prepared by North American Energy Working Group December 2002 2 The North American Energy Working Group The North American Energy Working Group (NAEW G) was established in spring of 2001 by the Canadian Minister of Natural Resources, the Mexican Secretary of Energy and the U.S. Secretary of Energy, to enhance North American energy cooperation. The Group is led by officials from Natural Resources Canada, the Mexican Secretariat of

  13. SREL Reprint #3344

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 Recoveries of Ring-necked Ducks banded on the U.S. Department of Energy's Savannah River Site, South Carolina Robert A. Kennamer University of Georgia, Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, P.O. Drawer E, Aiken, South Carolina 29802 Introduction: Each year the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Canadian Wildlife Service and state and provincial wildlife management agencies band about 300,000 migratory game birds (USFWS 2001). These management agencies, ornithological institutions, researchers,

  14. Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians- 2003 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, located in the northwest corner of Minnesota near the Canadian border, will assess the potential to expand the use of biomass resources for energy autonomy and economic development on tribal lands. Specifically, the tribe will evaluate the technical, market, financial, and cultural aspects of using its extensive, forested lands to create a sustainable bioproducts-based business and will develop a business plan to guide tribal industry development.

  15. Press Release for Two Notices of Violation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Permit Holders - Annual Reports Presidential Permit Holders - Annual Reports Presidential permit holders are responsible for reporting the gross amount electric energy which flows into and out of the United States over the permitted international transmission facility regardless if the energy is wheeled to or for another entity. For example, utility A receives a Presidential permit for a single international transmission line across the U.S.-Canadian border. During the calendar year just

  16. Project Reports for Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians- 2003 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, located in the northwest corner of Minnesota near the Canadian border, will assess the potential to expand the use of biomass resources for energy autonomy and economic development on tribal lands. Specifically, the tribe will evaluate the technical, market, financial, and cultural aspects of using its extensive, forested lands to create a sustainable bioproducts-based business and will develop a business plan to guide tribal industry development.

  17. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Midwest Region

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Midwest Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Midwest Region Overview | Domestic Gas | Canadian Imports | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Twenty-six interstate and at least eight intrastate natural gas pipeline companies operate within the Midwest Region (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin). The principal sources of natural gas supply for the

  18. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Northeast Region

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Northeast Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Northeast Region Overview | Domestic Gas | Canadian Imports | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Twenty interstate natural gas pipeline systems operate within the Northeast Region (Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, and West Virginia). These

  19. North America Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    North American Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling North American Energy Working Group NORTH AMERICAN ENERGY WORKING GROUP The North American Energy Working Group (NAEWG) was established in spring of 2001 by the Canadian Minister of Natural Resources, the Mexican Secretary of Energy and the U.S. Secretary of Energy, to enhance North American energy cooperation. The Group is led by officials from Natural Resources Canada, the Mexican Secretariat of Energy, and the U.S. Department of Energy.

  20. Argonne Physics Division - ATLAS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Experimental Equipment Information There are several major pieces of experimental equipment at ATLAS. These are listed below along with contact information for the system experts: Gammasphere (Mike Carpenter) Fragment Mass Analyzer (Cary Davids or Darek Seweryniak ) Helical Orbit Spectrometer (Birger Back) Enge Split Pole Spectrograph (Ernst Rehm) Canadian Penning Trap (Guy Savard) Large Scattering Chamber (Shaofei Zhu) Atom Trap at ATLAS (Zheng-Tian Lu or Peter Mueller) There are additional

  1. Argonne Physics Division - ATLAS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Proposed ATLAS efficiency and intensity upgrade Guy Savard and Robert V. F. Janssens June 12, 2009 The ATLAS facility is on a constant quest to improve and increase the capabilities it offers to its Users. ATLAS currently provides beams of essentially all stable isotopes at energies in the vicinity of the Coulomb barrier. These can be used in conjunction with a suite of state-of-the-art instruments such as Gammasphere, the Fragment Mass Analyzer (FMA), the Canadian Penning Trap mass spectrometer

  2. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Review of SHEBA Ice Pack/Ship Stability from ARM GPS Data K. B. Widener Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington K. Stamnes Stevens Institute of Technology Hoboken, New Jersey R. Storvold University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska B. D. Zak Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, New Mexico Introduction From October 1997 through October 1998, Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program instrumentation was deployed on and around the Canadian icebreaker Des Groseilliers as part

  3. The Monte Carlo Independent Column Approximation Model Intercomparison

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Project (McMIP) The Monte Carlo Independent Column Approximation Model Intercomparison Project (McMIP) Barker, Howard Meteorological Service of Canada Cole, Jason Meteorological Service of Canada Raisanen, Petri Finnish Meteorological Institute Pincus, Robert NOAA-CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center Morcrette, Jean-Jacques European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Li, Jiangnan Canadian Center for Climate Modelling Stephens, Graeme Colorado State University Vaillancourt, Paul

  4. PP-177 Burke-Divide Electirc Cooperative, Inc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7 Burke-Divide Electirc Cooperative, Inc PP-177 Burke-Divide Electirc Cooperative, Inc Presidential Permit authorizing Burke-Divide Electirc Cooperative, Inc to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PP-177 Burke-Divide Electirc Cooperative, Inc (19.37 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-177 Burke-Divide Electric Cooperative, Inc Proposed Open Access Requirement for International Electric Transmission Facilities and Delegation to the

  5. PP-190 Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    190 Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation PP-190 Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Presidential permit authorizing Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilitates at the U.S-Canadian border. PP-190 Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation (21.94 KB) More Documents & Publications PP-230-2 International Transmission Company Proposed Open Access Requirement for International Electric Transmission Facilities and Delegation to the Federal Energy Regulatory

  6. PP-230-3 International Transmission Company | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3 International Transmission Company PP-230-3 International Transmission Company Presidential permit authorizing International Transmission Company to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PP-230-3 (1.07 MB) More Documents & Publications Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-230-3 International Transmission Company d/b/a ITCTransmission Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-2 and PP-230-3 ITC Holdings

  7. Readout of Secretary Chu's Bilateral Meetings at the Energy and Climate

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Partnership of the Americas | Department of Energy Bilateral Meetings at the Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas Readout of Secretary Chu's Bilateral Meetings at the Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas April 16, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis In connection with today's Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas, Energy Secretary Steven Chu hosted three bilateral meetings. He met with Canadian Minister of Natural Resources Christian Paradis and discussed a range of energy

  8. Mexico: Paving the way

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erckert, C.

    1993-02-01

    The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) signed last year by the presidents of Mexico and the United States and the Canadian prime minister will pave the way for increased outside participation in Mexico's growing energy sector. In its penultimate session of 1992, the Mexican Congress approved a bill which would enact the treaty provisions into domestic law and expand upon the details of previously enacted liberalization plans.

  9. The state of HVAC in Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, M.M.

    1997-07-01

    With the chartering of the Manual de Anda ASHRAE Chapter in Mexico City, the first chapter in Latin America, and with increasing cross-border trade and investment as a result of NAFTA, it`s important for US and Canadian engineers to understand the state of HVAC technology in Mexico. The goal of this article is to introduce the reader to some industry leaders in Mexico and to show their creative design and installation expertise by reviewing some recent projects.

  10. Guide to Federal Regulation of Sales of Imported Electricity in Canada, Mexico and the United States - English Version

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    GUIDE TO FEDERAL REGULATION OF SALES OF IMPORTED ELECTRICITY IN CANADA, MEXICO, AND THE UNITED STATES A Publication of The North American Energy Working Group January 2005 1 The North American Energy Working Group The North American Energy Working Group (NAEWG) was established in spring of 2001 by the Canadian Minister of Natural Resources, the Mexican Secretary of Energy and the U.S. Secretary of Energy, to enhance North American energy cooperation. The NAEWG is led by officials from Natural

  11. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Comparison of Atmospheric Clear-sky Shortwave Radiation Models to Collocated Satellite and Surface Measurements in Canada Jing, X., and Cess, R.D., State University of New York at Stony Brook Eighth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Measurements of the top of the atmosphere (TOA) reflected shortwave radiation from the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS) have been collocated with surface insolation measurements made at 24 Canadian stations located below 57 degrees

  12. Thermal-hydraulic interfacing code modules for CANDU reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, W.S.; Gold, M.; Sills, H.

    1997-07-01

    The approach for CANDU reactor safety analysis in Ontario Hydro Nuclear (OHN) and Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) is presented. Reflecting the unique characteristics of CANDU reactors, the procedure of coupling the thermal-hydraulics, reactor physics and fuel channel/element codes in the safety analysis is described. The experience generated in the Canadian nuclear industry may be useful to other types of reactors in the areas of reactor safety analysis.

  13. UNCLASSIFIED

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Brian Aukema University of Minnesota Tamarack in Trouble? Climate change and altered population dynamics of eastern larch beetle in North America Wednesday, July 13, 2016 11:00 AM TA-51 Conference Room (TA-51, Building 25, Room 102) Abstract. Eastern larch or tamarack Larix laricina is an important lowland conifer of northern boreal and peat ecosystems found from Alaska to the Canadian maritimes. Its primary bark beetle, the eastern larch beetle Dendroctonus simplex, has been documented by

  14. O:ELECTRICEA-98-F.PDF

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    FE Docket No. EA-98-F Arizona Public Service Company MIECO, Inc. Aquila Power Corporation Montana Power Company Avista Energy, Inc. PP&L, Inc. British Columbia Power Exchange Corp. Pacific Gas & Electric Company Central Louisiana Electric Company Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative Citizens Power Sales PacifiCorp CNG Power Service Corporation PanCanadian Energy Services, Inc. Destec Power Services, Inc PECO Energy Company El Paso Electric Company Philbro Inc. Electric

  15. O:ELECTRICORDERSea-98-g.PDF

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    FE Docket No. EA-98-G Arizona Public Service Company MIECO, Inc. Aquila Power Corporation Montana Power Company Avista Energy, Inc. PP&L, Inc. British Columbia Power Exchange Corp. Pacific Gas & Electric Company Candela Energy Corporation Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative Central Louisiana Electric Company PacifiCorp Citizens Power Sales PanCanadian Energy Services, Inc CNG Power Service Corporation . PECO Energy Company Destec Power Services, Inc Philbro Inc. El Paso Electric

  16. O:\ELECTRIC\DETROIT\PP-230-2_ord.PDF

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    On April 1, 1999, Ontario Hydro, the provincial utility of Canada's Province of Ontario, by operation of Canadian law, transferred all of its ownership and management interests in the interconnection facilities at the Michigan-Ontario border to a successor corporation, the Ontario Hydro Services Company ("OHSC"). OHSC is now known as "Hydro One". 2 The authority to grant Presidential permits for the construction, operation, maintenance, or connection of electric transmission

  17. Nineteenth oil shale symposium proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary, J.H.

    1986-01-01

    This book contains 23 selections. Some of the titles are: Effects of maturation on hydrocarbon recoveries from Canadian oil shale deposits; Dust and pressure generated during commercial oil shale mine blasting: Part II; The petrosix project in Brazil - An update; Pathway of some trace elements during fluidized-bed combustion of Israeli Oil Shale; and Decommissioning of the U.S. Department of Energy Anvil Points Oil Shale Research Facility.

  18. DOE WEEKLY REPORT

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    February 20, 2009 The following program office did not submit a Weekly Report for this time period: Energy Information Administration BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION WEEKLY REPORT February 20, 2009 Schedule February 25: The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Administrator Steve Wright is Chairman of the United States Entity for the Columbia River Treaty. The United States Army Corps of Engineers makes the other component of the United States Entity. Each year, the Canadian and United States

  19. Guides and Case Studies for Marine Climates | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Marine Climates Guides and Case Studies for Marine Climates Map of the Marine Climate Zone of the United States. This zone contains the far western Pacific coast stretching from the Canadian border to mid-California. The Department of Energy (DOE) has developed a series of best practices and case studies to help builders improve whole-house energy performance in buildings found in marine climates. Best Practice Guides 40% Whole-House Energy Savings in Marine Climate - Volume 11 Optimized Climate

  20. Light-Source Facilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Safety Light Source Facilities America ALS - Advanced Light Source, USA APS - Advanced Photon Source, USA CAMD - Center for Advanced Microstructures & Devices, USA CHESS - Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, USA CLS - Canadian Light Source, Canada CTST - UCSB Center for Terahertz Science and Technology, USA DFELL - Duke Free Electron Laser Laboratory, USA Jlab - Jefferson Lab, USA LCLS - Linear Coherent Light Source, USA LNLS - Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincrotron, Brazil NSLS -

  1. Rate Design and Renewables

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    INCIDENCE OF AN OIL GLUT: WHO BENEFITS FROM CHEAP CRUDE OIL IN THE MIDWEST? Severin Borenstein Haas School of Business and Energy Institute at Haas U.C. Berkeley Ryan Kellogg Department of Economics University of Michigan The Midwest oil glut has changed old views about integration of world oil markets * Common statement, pre-2011: "It's a world oil market" * Increased oil production in Canadian tar sands and North Dakota Bakken field changed the Midwest from crude importing to

  2. 2014 Results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Residential Buildings » Zero Energy Ready Home » Student Competition » 2014 Results 2014 Results In its inaugural year, 28 teams from U.S. and Canadian universities competed to design cost-effective Zero Energy Ready Homes for mainstream builders. The core zero energy ready requirement focused on high-performance features that sharply reduce energy use, and allow for all or most of the remaining energy use to be offset with renewable energy. The winning teams produced market-ready,

  3. 2013 DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) Project Peer Review

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CA-02 Pyrolysis and Upgrading Collaboration with Canada Technology Area Review: Bio-oil Technology Organizations: NREL, PNNL Kristiina Iisa, Alan Zacher May 21, 2013 2 | Bioenergy Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Goal/Objective Statement * Objective: Combine US and Canadian expertise to advance pyrolysis of residue woody feedstocks for biofuels and biopower applications - Production and upgrading of bio-oil to meet requirements for use in transportation and stationary power applications *

  4. January 2013 Labnotes | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    January 2013 Labnotes NETL Collaborates with Canadian Counterparts on Gasification New gasifiers coming online in the 21st century will require greater fuel flexibility, reliability, availability, and maintainability (RAM) as well as higher throughput and conversion. In addition, new gasifiers will need to integrate with gas cleanup and carbon management equipment. At NETL, scientists have developed in-house multiphase computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model MFIX (Multiphase Flow with Interphase

  5. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- International Rare Metals Refinery Inc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    - NY 38 Rare Metals Refinery Inc - NY 38 Site ID (CSD Index Number): NY.38 Site Name: International Rare Metals Refinery, Inc. Site Summary: Site Link: External Site Link: Alternate Name(s): Canadian Radium and Uranium Corporation Alternate Name Documents: NY.38-1 Location: 69 Kisco Avenue, Mt. Kisco, New York Location Documents: NY.38-1 NY.38-3 Historical Operations (describe contaminants): Manufactured and distributed radium and polonium products. Historical Operations Documents: NY.38-5

  6. CanGEA Fifth Annual Geothermal Conference Presentation - Mapping & Database

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Workshop | Department of Energy CanGEA Fifth Annual Geothermal Conference Presentation - Mapping & Database Workshop CanGEA Fifth Annual Geothermal Conference Presentation - Mapping & Database Workshop Mapping and database workshop presentation presented at the Canadian Geothermal Energy Association Fifth Annual Geothermal Conference on March 21, 2013 by Arlene Anderson, Physical Scientist Lead for Geothermal Data Provision, Resource Mapping and Energy and Water Life Cycle Analysis

  7. Ratiometric Sensing of Toxins using Quantum Dots | Argonne National

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    INCIDENCE OF AN OIL GLUT: WHO BENEFITS FROM CHEAP CRUDE OIL IN THE MIDWEST? Severin Borenstein Haas School of Business and Energy Institute at Haas U.C. Berkeley Ryan Kellogg Department of Economics University of Michigan The Midwest oil glut has changed old views about integration of world oil markets * Common statement, pre-2011: "It's a world oil market" * Increased oil production in Canadian tar sands and North Dakota Bakken field changed the Midwest from crude importing to

  8. Science in 60 ? Simulating Flames Helps Tame Future Wildfires

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lin, Rod

    2016-07-14

    FIRETEC presents a new way of studying fire and learning how to better manage and cope with it. The model provides additional scientific input for decisions by policymakers working in land management, water resources and energy. The team hopes it will eventually assist fire and fuel management operations. This research is done in partnership with the USDA Forest Service, Air Force Wildland Fire Center, INRA and Canadian Forest Service.

  9. PowerPoint Presentation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with stopped beams Beam Target Product Jason Clark ATLAS 25 th Anniversary Celebration October 22, 2010 The first move of the Canadian Penning Trap (CPT) mass spectrometer Constructed at Chalk River Labs, Ontario, Canada Moved to the ATLAS facility in 1997 The early days of the CPT at ATLAS Gas Catcher Development Window Cone Cone Body He gas To RFQ cooler RF (cone) RF (body) Ion guide / buncher * Ion cooler divided by apertures into 3 sections * Permits a differentially pumped system to remove

  10. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NRC Convair-580 Atmospheric Remote Sensing Capabilities and Recent Research Activities Acknowledgments: EC/NRC flight crew, S. Cober, students (Short, Fievet, Frebrowski & Shen) and various funding agencies. Mengistu Wolde and Dave Marcotte Contributions: A. Pazmany (ProSensing Inc.), S. Haimov (Uwyo), G.A. Isaac, W. Strapp, D. Hudak, and A. Korolev (EC), J. Vivekanandan (NCAR) NRC Convair Research Aircraft  Principal Canadian airborne atmospheric and geophysical research platform 

  11. Microsoft Word - Cover Page - Exhibit 10

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0 Northern Pass Project Area Map of Border Crossing CANADA Northern Pass Transmission LLC is the owner of the U.S. transmission facilities Hydro-Quebec TransEnergie is the owner of the Canadian transmission facilities Border Crossing 45.017820, -71.501217 Vermont Pittsburg Errol Milan Stark Berlin Stratford Bethlehem Odell Carroll Dixville Littleton Success Columbia Clarksville Dummer Jefferson Millsfield Lancaster Jackson Randolph Shelburne Cambridge Franconia Dalton Beans Purchase Colebrook

  12. AAAR | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AAAR International Specialty Conference "Particulate Matter Supersites Program and Related Studies" February 7-11, 2005 Ambient Monitoring & Analysis Detection and Characterization of a Smoke Plume from Canadian Forest Fires during the Pittsburgh Supersite Experiment [PDF-725KB] Particle Density and Shape Factors Estimated from Merging Aerodynamic and Mobility Distributions [PDF-220KB] In-situ concentration of Semi-Volatile Aerosol Using Water-Condensation Technology [PDF-120KB]

  13. Wild Horse 69-kV transmission line environmental assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-12-01

    Hill County Electric Cooperative Inc. (Hill County) proposes to construct and operate a 69-kV transmission line from its North Gildford Substation in Montana north to the Canadian border. A vicinity project area map is enclosed as a figure. TransCanada Power Corporation (TCP), a Canadian power-marketing company, will own and construct the connecting 69-kV line from the international border to Express Pipeline`s pump station at Wild Horse, Alberta. This Environmental Assessment is prepared for the Department of Energy (DOE) as lead federal agency to comply with the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), as part of DOE`s review and approval process of the applications filed by Hill County for a DOE Presidential Permit and License to Export Electricity to a foreign country. The purpose of the proposed line is to supply electric energy to a crude oil pump station in Canada, owned by Express Pipeline Ltd. (Express). The pipeline would transport Canadian-produced oil from Hardisty, Alberta, Canada, to Caster, Wyoming. The Express Pipeline is scheduled to be constructed in 1996--97 and will supply crude oil to refineries in Wyoming and the midwest.

  14. Twenty Years of Underground Research at Canada's URL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandler, N. A.

    2003-02-27

    Construction of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited's (AECL's) Underground Research Laboratory (URL) began in 1982. The URL was designed to address the needs of the Canadian nuclear fuel waste management program. Over the years, a comprehensive program of geologic characterization and underground hydrogeologic, geotechnical and geomechanical projects have been performed, many of which are ongoing. The scientific work at the URL has evolved through a number of different phases to meet the changing needs of Canada's waste management program. The various phases of the URL have included siting, site evaluation, construction and operation. Collaboration with international organizations is encouraged at the URL, with the facility being a centre of excellence in an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) network of underground facilities. One of AECL's major achievements of the past 20 year program has been the preparation and public defense of a ten-volume Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for a conceptual deep geologic repository. Completion of this dissertation on the characterization, construction and performance modeling of a conceptual repository in the granite rock of the Canadian Shield was largely based on work conducted at the URL. Work conducted over the seven years since public defense of the EIS has been directed towards developing those engineering and performance assessment tools that would be required for implementation of a deep geologic repository. The URL continues to be a very active facility with ongoing experiments and demonstrations performed for a variety of Canadian and international radioactive waste management organizations.

  15. Setting boundaries of participation in environmental impact assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salomons, Geoffrey H.; Hoberg, George

    2014-02-15

    Public participation processes are touted as an effective way to increase the capacity and legitimacy of environmental assessment and the regulatory process that rely on them. Recent changes to the Canadian environmental assessment process narrowed the criteria for who can participate in environmental assessments from any who were interested to those who were most directly affected. This article examines the potential consequences of this change by exploring other areas of Canadian regulatory law where a similar directed affected test has been applied. This new standard risks institutionalizing the long-understood representational bias confronted by more diffuse interest like environmental protection. Restricting participation to the directly affected is far too narrow a test for processes like environmental assessment that are designed to determine the public interest. -- Highlights: Public participation can improve the legitimacy of environmental assessments. New Canadian rules narrow the range of eligible participants. Similar rules in Alberta have excluded environmental representation. The new rules may institutionalize bias against more diffuse interests. Restricting participation to the directly affected is far too narrow.

  16. Adapting ethanol fuels to diesel engines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-08-01

    During the 2nd International Alcohol Symposium 1977, Daimler-Benz reported on the advantages and disadvantages of the various methods of using ethanol in originally diesel-operated commercial vehicles, and especially about the first results in the field of adapting the ethanol fuel to the requirements of conventional diesel engines. Investigations to this effect were continued by Daimler-Benz AG, Stuttgart, and Mercedes-Benz of Brasil in coordination with competent Brazilian government departments. The development effort is primarily adapted to Brazilian conditions, since ethanol fuel is intended as a long-term project in this country. This report is presented under headings - auto-ignition; durability tests; remedial measures; the injection systems; ethanol quality.

  17. IPPs in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alqueres, J.L.

    1995-01-01

    Brazil offers a viable opportunity for independent power producers (IPPs). Four areas of the Brazilian power sector may be the potential starting points for an independent power industry. Recent legislation also has opened the doors for IPP activity by allowing companies to form consortia to generate power for their own needs. Another recent decree formed the basis for a grid system to which generators can sell power. This also has laid the groundwork for more clearly defined wheeling charges.

  18. ORISE: Recent Graduate Research Experiences - Camila Dias Colberg

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Camila Dias Colberg Animal disease research opportunity proves to be rewarding assignment for graduate student Camila Dias Colberg Camila Dias Colberg is supporting research at the Plum Island Animal Disease Center to find a more effective treatment for foot-and-mouth disease. A Brazilian veterinarian, she hopes one day to be a licensed veterinarian in the United States. Click image to enlarge. The impact of foot-and-mouth disease hit home for Camila Dias Colberg in 2005 while working on her

  19. Public perception of the nuclear area in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Imeida, R.A. de

    2013-07-01

    In Brazil electricity production is proving increasingly important, the Brazilian government has recently launched the National Energy Plan, PNE-2030 which aims, among other objectives, to conclude construction of the Angra 3 plant and to deploy new nuclear power plants in the Northeast region. The Brazilian government wants to assess how the public has perceived its energy policy and what the public thinks about the nuclear issue. A public opinion survey was performed and sampling resulted in 127 respondents who were stratified by gender, age and educational level. The survey results show that although most respondents have post-graduate degrees, 64.6% are not aware of, or had never heard of PNE-2030. While 72 respondents consider nuclear energy as an alternative source of clean energy, 84 respondents did not know where the next Brazilian nuclear power plant will be built. The nuclear regulator, CNEN, is seen by 45.7% of respondents as the body that has most credibility to talk about the safety of nuclear power plants and the media most used to obtain information about the nuclear area were newspapers and discussion forums, with 52 and 50 votes respectively. These results prove the need to implement communication plans with clear and concise goals for different segments of society, since the degree of understanding differs within each segment.

  20. Niagara Air Quality Survey Report, 1987: Occidental Chemical Corporation, Niagara Falls, New York, USA, non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) incineration test. Report no. ARB-166-87-AR/SP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, R.W.; DeBrou, G.

    1988-01-01

    An ambient air quality survey was conducted in the Niagara Falls area of Ontario from October 8-12, 1987 to provide on-site real-time screening for selected polychlorinated biphenyl congeners and other chlorinated organics at times when the Occidental Chemical Corporation was conducting tests at its liquid hazardous waste incineration facility in Niagara Falls, N.Y. During the incineration tests, the winds were such that the gaseous emissions from the Occidental facility were carried into the U.S. Since the monitoring units were restricted to the Canadian side of the Niagara River, only upwind air quality parameters could be measured.

  1. AmeriFlux US-Ho2 Howland Forest (west tower)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hollinger, David; Hollinger, David

    2016-01-01

    This is the AmeriFlux version of the carbon flux data for the site US-Ho2 Howland Forest (west tower). Site Description - Closed conifer forest, minimal disturbance. References: Fernandez et al. (1993), Canadian Journal of Soil Science 73 317-328. Hollinger et al. (1999), Global Change Biology 5: 891-902. Savage KE, Davidson EA (2001), Global Biogeochemical Cycles 15 337-350. Scott et al. (2004), Environmental Management, Vol. 33, Supplement 1, pp. S9-S22. Hollinger et al. (2004), Global Change Biology 10: 1689-1706.

  2. AmeriFlux US-Ho3 Howland Forest (harvest site)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hollinger, David; Hollinger, David

    2016-01-01

    This is the AmeriFlux version of the carbon flux data for the site US-Ho3 Howland Forest (harvest site). Site Description - Closed conifer forest, minimal disturbance. References: Fernandez et al. (1993), Canadian Journal of Soil Science 73 317-328. Hollinger et al. (1999), Global Change Biology 5: 891-902. Savage KE, Davidson EA (2001), Global Biogeochemical Cycles 15 337-350. Scott et al. (2004), Environmental Management, Vol. 33, Supplement 1, pp. S9-S22. Hollinger et al. (2004), Global Change Biology 10: 1689-1706.

  3. AmeriFlux US-Ho1 Howland Forest (main tower)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hollinger, David; Hollinger, David

    2016-01-01

    This is the AmeriFlux version of the carbon flux data for the site US-Ho1 Howland Forest (main tower). Site Description - Closed conifer forest, minimal disturbance. References: Fernandez et al. (1993), Canadian Journal of Soil Science 73 317-328. Hollinger et al. (1999), Global Change Biology 5: 891-902. Savage KE, Davidson EA (2001), Global Biogeochemical Cycles 15 337-350. Scott et al. (2004), Environmental Management, Vol. 33, Supplement 1, pp. S9-S22. Hollinger et al. (2004), Global Change Biology 10: 1689-1706.

  4. New Carbon Storage Atlas Shows Hundreds of Years of CO2 Storage Potential |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Carbon Storage Atlas Shows Hundreds of Years of CO2 Storage Potential New Carbon Storage Atlas Shows Hundreds of Years of CO2 Storage Potential December 21, 2012 - 9:58am Addthis Atlas IV was created by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), and includes input from the more than 400 organizations in 43 states and four Canadian provinces that make up the Department’s seven Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (as shown above). <a

  5. EIS-0433-S1: Keystone XL Pipeline SEIS (Montana, South Dakota, and Nebraska)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This EIS analyzes the potential environmental impacts of a revised proposal for the Keystone XL pipeline and related facilities. The proposed facilities would transport crude oil from the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin and the Williston Basin to existing pipeline facilities near Steele City, Nebraska, for onward transport to markets in the Texas Gulf Coast area. DOE is a cooperating agency. DOE's Western Area Power Administration has jurisdiction over certain proposed transmission facilities relating to the proposal, including construction and operation of a portion of a 230-kilovolt transmission line and construction and operation of two new substations and the expansion of six existing substations.

  6. ARM - PI Product - CCRS Landcover Maps From Satellite Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ProductsCCRS Landcover Maps From Satellite Data ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : CCRS Landcover Maps From Satellite Data The Canadian Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS) presents several landcover maps over the SGP CART site area (32-40N, 92-102W) derived from satellite data including AVHRR, MODIS, SPOT vegetation data, and Landsat satellite TM imagery

  7. Asia, North America lead way in growth of NGL, LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Otto, K.; Gist, R.; Whitley, C.; Haun, R.

    1998-01-12

    Recent analyses of world NGL trade indicate that important changes in LPG supply and demand are under way in Asia and North America. LPG markets in the 1990s reflect a rapidly shifting balance between East-of-Suez and West-of-Suez markets. This shift has increased concern about availability of future LPG supplies for Asia. The paper discusses world developments, East versus West of Suez, end uses and supplies in Asia, Canadian ethane, propane, butane, and natural gasoline, Mexican ethane, LPG, and natural gasoline, US ethane, propane, butanes, and iso-C{sub 4} and C{sub 5}.

  8. Proceedings of the 21st DOE/NRC Nuclear Air Cleaning Conference; Sessions 1--8

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    First, M.W.

    1991-02-01

    Separate abstracts have been prepared for the papers presented at the meeting on nuclear facility air cleaning technology in the following specific areas of interest: air cleaning technologies for the management and disposal of radioactive wastes; Canadian waste management program; radiological health effects models for nuclear power plant accident consequence analysis; filter testing; US standard codes on nuclear air and gas treatment; European community nuclear codes and standards; chemical processing off-gas cleaning; incineration and vitrification; adsorbents; nuclear codes and standards; mathematical modeling techniques; filter technology; safety; containment system venting; and nuclear air cleaning programs around the world. (MB)

  9. NAFTA opportunities: Electrical equipment and power generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) provides significant commercial opportunities in Mexico and Canada for the United States electric equipment and power generation industries, through increased goods and services exports to the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) and through new U.S. investment in electricity generation facilities in Mexico. Canada and Mexico are the United States' two largest export markets for electrical equipment with exports of $1.53 billion and $1.51 billion, respectively, in 1992. Canadian and Mexican markets represent approximately 47 percent of total U.S. exports of electric equipment. The report presents an economic analysis of the section.

  10. A.J. Stewart Smith to step down as Princeton University vice president for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PPPL in 2016 | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab A.J. Stewart Smith to step down as Princeton University vice president for PPPL in 2016 By John Greenwald July 24, 2015 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook A.J. Stewart Smith (Photo by Elle Starkman/Office of Communications) A.J. Stewart Smith Gallery: Smith, second from left, scoring a goal for the Vancouver Carlings during a 1961 Canadian National Lacrosse Championship game. (Photo by Photo courtesy of A.J. Stewart Smith) Smith, second

  11. A.J. Stewart Smith to step down as Princeton University vice president for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PPPL in 2016 | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab A.J. Stewart Smith to step down as Princeton University vice president for PPPL in 2016 By John Greenwald July 24, 2015 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook A.J. Stewart Smith (Photo by Elle Starkman/Office of Communications) A.J. Stewart Smith Gallery: Smith, second from left, scoring a goal for the Vancouver Carlings during a 1961 Canadian National Lacrosse Championship game. (Photo by Photo courtesy of A.J. Stewart Smith) Smith, second

  12. DOElNV/10327-39

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DOE_Technology_TF_Final-Jun.pdf DOE_Technology_TF_Final-Jun.pdf (125.49 KB) More Documents & Publications 1703 Process Letter QER - Comment of Canadian Hydropower Association Behavioral Opportunities for Energy Savings in Office Buildings: a London Field Experiment

    DOElNV/10327-39 0 , i l ONSITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT FOR THE NEVADA TEST SITE (JANUARY 1987 THROUGH DECEMBER 1987) BY Daniel A. Gonzalez l 0 e Contributors Orin L. Haworth; Frank R. Markwell; Robert J. Straight Submitted August

  13. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Test of GCM Cloud Parameterization in the Arctic Region Using SHEBA Integrated Dataset Yuan, J.(a), Fu, Q.(a), and McFarlane, N.(b), University of Washington (a), Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis (b) Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The CCCMA single-column model (SCM) has been applied to SHEBA year to test and improve the GCM cloud/radiation parameterizations in the Arctic region. The annual cycle simulation has been performed using the

  14. World pipeline construction patterns shifting away from big North American gas lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koen, A.D.; True, W.R.

    1992-02-10

    The pattern of world pipeline construction has begun to shift away from large diameter gas lines in North America. Total miles of gas pipelines planned this year and beyond have registered big increases in Europe and Asia- Pacific regions, more than offsetting decreased mileage of planned U.S. and Canadian gas projects. World products pipeline construction planned in 1992 and beyond shows the largest year to year gain, paced by projects in Latin America. Those are among highlights of this article. Many projects only under study or unlikely to be built are excluded from final mileage tallies.

  15. Advances in modelling of condensation phenomena

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, W.S.; Zaltsgendler, E.; Hanna, B.

    1997-07-01

    The physical parameters in the modelling of condensation phenomena in the CANDU reactor system codes are discussed. The experimental programs used for thermal-hydraulic code validation in the Canadian nuclear industry are briefly described. The modelling of vapour generation and in particular condensation plays a key role in modelling of postulated reactor transients. The condensation models adopted in the current state-of-the-art two-fluid CANDU reactor thermal-hydraulic system codes (CATHENA and TUF) are described. As examples of the modelling challenges faced, the simulation of a cold water injection experiment by CATHENA and the simulation of a condensation induced water hammer experiment by TUF are described.

  16. CBFO at LANL Audit Report A-04-05.pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    C.D. Howe Institute C.D. Howe Institute October 21, 2008 - 4:14pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Acting Deputy Secretary Kupfer Thank you very much. It's a pleasure to be here. I want to congratulate the C. D. Howe Institute on its 50th anniversary-a half century of thoughtful public policy debates on the issues of greatest interest and concern to the Canadian people. In our increasingly interconnected world-the dialogue you foster also helps to inform the larger global debate on these issues.

  17. Tanzania wildcats to evaluate Jurassic Mandawa salt basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagati, M.

    1996-10-07

    After 5 years of stagnant exploration in East Africa, Canadian independent Tanganyika Oil Co. of Vancouver, B.C., will drill two wildcats in Tanzania to evaluate the hydrocarbon potential of the coastal Jurassic Mandawa salt basin. Mita-1, spudded around Oct. 1, will be drilled to about 7,000 ft, East Lika-1 will be drilled in early December 1996 to approximately 6,000 ft. The two wells will test different structures and play concepts. The paper describes the exploration history, source rock potential, hydrocarbon shows, potential reservoir, and the prospects.

  18. Microsoft Word - MPW_Fact_Sheet_SAND2010-4820P_updated_format.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    11 1 April 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 April 12, 2011 Release Crude Oil Prices. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices averaged $88.58 per barrel in February then rose to $108 per barrel by the end of March (Figure 1). Projected WTI prices average $106 in 2011 and $114 per barrel in 2012, increases of $5 per barrel and $9 per barrel, respectively, from last month's Outlook. Growing volumes of Canadian crude oil imported into the United

  19. EIS-0164: Pacific Gas Transmission/Pacific Gas and Electric and Altamont Natural Gas Pipeline Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has prepared the PGT/PG&E and Altamont Natural Gas Pipeline Projects Environmental Impact Statement to satisfy the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act. This project addresses the need to expand the capacity of the pipeline transmission system to better transfer Canadian natural gas to Southern California and the Pacific Northwest. The U.S. Department of Energy cooperated in the preparation of this statement because Section 19(c) of the Natural Gas Act applies to the Department’s action of authorizing import/export of natural gas, and adopted this statement by the spring of 1992. "

  20. C:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    90:6 (22pp), 2014 July 20 doi:10.1088/0004-637X/790/1/6 C 2014. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A. PARAMAGNETIC ALIGNMENT OF SMALL GRAINS: A NOVEL METHOD FOR MEASURING INTERSTELLAR MAGNETIC FIELDS Thiem Hoang 1,2 , A. Lazarian 3 , and P. G. Martin 1 1 Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8, Canada 2 Institut f¨ ur Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum- und Astrophysik,

  1. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Apr2011_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    11 1 April 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 April 12, 2011 Release Crude Oil Prices. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices averaged $88.58 per barrel in February then rose to $108 per barrel by the end of March (Figure 1). Projected WTI prices average $106 in 2011 and $114 per barrel in 2012, increases of $5 per barrel and $9 per barrel, respectively, from last month's Outlook. Growing volumes of Canadian crude oil imported into the United

  2. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Feb2011_final_rh.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    11 1 February 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 February 8, 2011 Release Crude Oil Prices. WTI crude oil spot prices averaged $89 per barrel in January, about the same as the December average, while over the same time period the estimated average cost of all crude oil to U.S. refineries increased by about $1 per barrel. Growing volumes of Canadian crude oil imported into the United States contributed to record-high storage levels at Cushing, Oklahoma, and a

  3. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Mar2011_final.docx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    March 2011 1 March 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 March 8, 2011 Release Crude Oil Prices. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices averaged $88.58 per barrel in February, slightly lower than the January average, while over the same time period the estimated average cost of all crude oil to U.S. refineries increased by about $4.50 per barrel to $92.50. Growing volumes of Canadian crude oil imported into the United States contributed to record-high

  4. Wisconsin Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Conference John R. Auers, P.E. Executive Vice President July 14, 2014 Washington, D. C. When is the "Day of Reckoning" and how will the industry respond? 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Refinery Utilization U.S. Production Canadian Imports Saudi Imports Other Light & Medium WB Imports Heavy Waterborne Imports Pre U.S. Crude Boom (~2007/2008) 2 Export regulations irrelevant. Declining U.S. crude production replaced by increasing imports - exceed 10 MM BPD Light & Medium waterborne

  5. 1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Synchrophasor Technologies for a Better Grid August 14, 2003 was a typical hot summer day. Across the eastern U.S. air conditioners were humming keeping people cool as they went about their daily activities at home and work. In the afternoon, without warning, a series of power line failures in northern Ohio triggered a cascading set of events that led to the collapse of the grid in eight states and two Canadian provinces. The "Northeast Blackout of 2003" ultimately affected 55 million

  6. Toronto 1986: Ambient air-quality survey in the South Riverdale area, May-June 1986. Report No. ARB-104-87-AQM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, R.W.; DeBrou, G.

    1988-01-01

    The objectives of the study were to determine the general air quality parameters in the area and if possible, identify and quantify any malodorous compounds. Because of these objectives, special emphasis was placed on monitoring the ambient air downwind of the following companies: Lever Brothers, Rothsay concentrates, Canadian Oil, Darling Rendering, Colgate-Palmolive, A.R. Clarke and the Metro Sewage Treatment Plant. The survey period extended from May 27 to June 26. This document contains the results of the study, and discusses the findings.

  7. revised in-transit reporting8_30_16.pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    436 Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 168 / Tuesday, August 30, 2016 / Rules and Regulations 1 Bear Head LNG Corporation & Bear Head LNG, LLC, DOE/FE Order No. 3769, FE Docket No. 15- 14-NG, Opinion and Order Dismissing Application for In-Transit Shipments of Canadian-Sourced Natural Gas and Directing Submission of Information Concerning In-Transit Shipments Returning to the Country of Origin (Feb. 5, 2016). 2 Id. at 8. 3 Id. at 9. 4 Id. at 10. vaccinations, such recommendations must be

  8. High Resolution Far-Infrared Spectra of Thiophosgene with a Synchrotron Source: The nu{sub 2} and nu{sub 4} Bands Near 500 cm{sup -1}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKellar, A. R. W.; Billinghurst, B. E.

    2010-02-03

    Thiophosgene (Cl{sub 2}CS) is a favorite model system for studies of vibrational dynamics. But there are no previous rotationally-resolved infrared studies because the spectra are very congested due to its (relatively) large mass and multiple isotopic species. Here we report a detailed gas-phase study of the nu{sub 2} (approx504 cm{sup -1}) and nu{sub 4} (approx471 cm{sup -1}) fundamental bands, based on spectra obtained at the Canadian Light Source far-infrared beamline using synchrotron radiation and a Bruker IFS125 FT spectrometer.

  9. Being Relevant in Tough Times: TRIUMF's Five-Year Plan

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Tim, Mayer [TRIUMF

    2010-01-08

    Perhaps better known to the international community than its own neighbors, TRIUMF is Canada's national laboratory for particle and nuclear physics.  Working with the Canadian scientific community, TRIUMF has formulated a new vision to transform the laboratory and deliver a whole new level of performance and impact.  The plan capitalizes on platform technologies (superconducting RF cavities for accelerator physics and radiotracers in nuclear medicine) and exploits Canada's role in ATLAS and the LHC.  I will describe the key elements of the plan and discuss the science-policy landscape in which TRIUMF must make its case.

  10. Columbia River Treaty 2014/2024 Review Phase 1 Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-07-01

    Under the Columbia River Treaty (Treaty or CRT) of 1964, Canada and the United States (U.S.) jointly regulate and manage the Columbia River as it flows from British Columbia into the U.S. The Treaty has provided substantial flood control and power generation benefits to both nations. The Treaty established Canadian and U.S. Entities as implementing agents for each government. British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority (BC Hydro) was designated as the Canadian Entity. The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Administrator and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) Division Engineer, Northwestern Division, were designated as the U.S. Entity. The Canadian and U.S. Entities are empowered by their respective governments with broad discretion to implement the existing Columbia River Treaty. They are not, however, authorized to terminate, renegotiate, or otherwise modify the Treaty. In the U.S., authority over international treaties rests with the President, assisted in foreign relations and international negotiations by the Department of State and subject in certain cases to the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate. In Canada, international treaties are within the prerogative of the executive branch of the federal government. Under current policy, treaties are tabled in the House of Commons, and are subject to a waiting period before the executive branch brings the treaty into effect. In the case of the Columbia River Treaty, Canada has assigned certain rights and obligations relating to the Treaty to British Columbia pursuant to the Canada-B.C. Agreement. The Phase 1 report is provided to those respective governmental bodies to support possible independent and/or joint decisions that may be made with respect to the future of the Treaty. The Treaty contains two important provisions that take effect on and after September 16, 2024, that could impact the current power and flood control benefits: 1. Canadian flood control obligations automatically change from a pre

  11. Regulatory Side-by-Side Governing Permitting of Cross-Border Electricity Transmission Facilities Between the United States and Canada

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Regulatory Side-by-Side Governing Permitting of Cross-Border Electricity Transmission Facilities document presents a series of side-by-side tables that describe the U.S. and Canadian regulatory and statutory requirements necessary to site, permit, and construct transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada border. It is intended to function as a reference document that can be used by government officials, potential developers, and other stakeholders as a means to understand the permitting requirements in both countries.

  12. 2015 Schedule

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Residential Buildings » Zero Energy Ready Home » Student Competition » 2015 Results 2015 Results The 2015 Race to Zero Student Design Competition had 33 teams from 27 U.S. and Canadian universities competing to design cost-effective, zero energy homes for mainstream builders. View a full list of teams. As a DOE Building America team, we are always looking for the most promising and creative minds to help us transform the industry. We just hired another Race to Zero graduate. It's by far the

  13. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AN~~.N~dtAN, MD. Y.P.H.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ,' ,...- -., -.- . . we#lnty..: - DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AN~~.N~dtAN, MD. Y.P.H. April 30, 1979 . _-- _' . U.S.E.P.A. Radiation Branch 26 Federal Plaz;a, Boom 9079 New York, N. Y. 10007 Attention: Miss Feldman:, Gentlemen: In accordance with your request to Calvin E. Weber, P.E., Assistant Commissioner of Health for Environmental Quality, I am forwarding a copy of a report prepared by him concerning a radiation survey conducted in the vicinity of the former Canadian Radium and Uranium Corpora+on

  14. Conference Talks

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conference Talks 1-2 Michael Borland 1-4 Weiming Guo 2-2 Robert Rossmanith 3-3 Gwyn Williams 4-1 Robert Austin 5-2 James Ablett 5-5 Peter Revesz 8-1 Peter Siddons 9-4 Ying Zhu 10-1 Michael Nasse 10-3 Gary Findley Workshop 1 Overview of Beam size measurements - Jeff Corbett Beam size measurements at CAMD - Victor Suller Beam Size Measurements at the Canadian LS - Les Dallin Pinhole Cameras – Operation and Analysis - Jeff Corbett and Jack Bergstrom New Crystal Collimator for Source Size

  15. C.D. Howe Institute | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    C.D. Howe Institute C.D. Howe Institute October 21, 2008 - 4:14pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Acting Deputy Secretary Kupfer Thank you very much. It's a pleasure to be here. I want to congratulate the C. D. Howe Institute on its 50th anniversary-a half century of thoughtful public policy debates on the issues of greatest interest and concern to the Canadian people. In our increasingly interconnected world-the dialogue you foster also helps to inform the larger global debate on these issues.

  16. Brazil and the electrical interconnections in the Mercosul Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alqueres, J.L.

    1994-06-01

    This article describes the state of relations among the four countries that form Mercosul, the common market that is being formed by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay, and the prospects for expansion of international electric energy commerce and exchanges in that region. The first part presents the main supply facilities already available, including hydroelectric power plants, power stations, frequency conversion stations, and transmission lines. The second part focuses on the status of the Brazilian electric power sector and analyzes some of its features that are considered to be an incentive to the expansion of the electric energy international commerce in the Mercosul region.

  17. Joint Statement on Brazil-United States Energy Meeting | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy on Brazil-United States Energy Meeting Joint Statement on Brazil-United States Energy Meeting August 6, 2008 - 2:40pm Addthis Brasília, August 5, 2008 BRASILIA, BRAZIL -- Brazilian Mines and Energy Minister Edison Lobão and United States Acting Deputy Secretary of Energy Jeffrey Kupfer met today for the first time in recognition of the important role each nation plays in promoting safe, reliable, clean, affordable, and diverse energy supplies and reaffirming the strong relationship

  18. Pollution-control equipment (Brazil). Industrial waste-treatment equipment, September 1991. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    The Brazilian market for both solid and liquid industrial waste treatment equipment is promising in view of the expected growth in demand during the next 5 years. The estimated market demand in 1991 is US $243 million and is projected to grow 15% per year reaching US $370 million in 1994. The market for liquid waste equipment is about 85% of the total market for industrial waste equipment. Currently imports of pollution control equipment account for about 13% of the total market. Due to the recent import liberalization program implemented by the Government, local sources forecast the import share will increase to 20% by 1994.

  19. Pampo, Linguado, and Badejo Fields: Their discoveries, appraisals, and early production systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tigre, C.A.; Possato, S.

    1983-05-01

    The three oil fields Pampo, Linguado and Badejo are located in the southwesternmost known producing areas of the offshore Brazilian Campos Basin. They were discovered as a result of reflection seismic survey and produce from fractured lower Cretaceous (Neocomian) basalts, coquinas of the Aptian Lagoa Feia Formation, carbonates of the Albian Macae Formation and from Eocene sandstones of the Carapebus Member of the Campos Formation. This work describes the prospects, their results, the main reservoirs, correlations, continuity and diagenetic problems. Two early production systems are in operation engaged in gathering a better knowledge of the fields for the planning of a definitive production system.

  20. ARM - Field Campaign - Observations and Modeling of the Green Ocean Amazon:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CHUVA CHUVA ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Related Campaigns Observations and Modeling of the Green Ocean Amazon (GOAMAZON) 2014.01.01, Martin, AMF Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : Observations and Modeling of the Green Ocean Amazon: CHUVA 2013.11.01 - 2014.10.31 Lead Scientist : Luiz Machado For data sets, see below. Abstract As one of the Brazilian components of the GOAMAZON field campaign, CHUVA is supported by

  1. Setting a new course

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyle, D.

    1999-11-01

    Venezuela and Brazil promise enormous rewards for international oil and gas companies that help them realize their production goals--but risk partially offsets the potential rewards, and neither nation is giving anything away. Oil and gas companies are trying to squeeze every concession they can get from these countries. And the countries are trying to give away as little as possible while still reaching their goals. As usual in these situations, the middle ground doesn't make either side extremely happy, but both have agreements they can live with. Economics and politics are discussed. The paper also describes Brazilian potential, Venezuelan investment, licensing in Brazil, Venezuelan activity and Brazil blocks.

  2. U.S.-Brazil Binational Joint Action Plan | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    -Brazil Binational Joint Action Plan U.S.-Brazil Binational Joint Action Plan U.S.-Brazil Binational Energy Working Group, formed on July 20, 2010, when DOE and the Brazilian Ministry of Mines and Energy signed a Joint Action Plan brazil_actionplan_7202010.pdf (1.41 MB) More Documents & Publications US - Brazil Binational Energy Working Group Joint Action Plan U.S.-Brazil Strategic Energy Dialogue Joint Report Summary of the meeting between the the United States of America and the Federative

  3. Gas lines chasing huge northeastern market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watts, J.

    1982-03-01

    Gas for the Northeastern US market is the driving force behind three proposed projects to bring Canadian gas to the New England-New York area: the 360-mile New England States pipeline (Algonquin Gas Transmission Co., Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Corp., Texas Eastern Transmission Corp., and Nova, an Alberta Corp.); the 261-mile Boundary Gas project (with Boundary Gas Inc., a consortium of 14 gas utilities with Tennessee Gas Pipeline Co. providing transportation); and the 158-mile Niagara pipeline (Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Corp.). Although none has yet received government (US and Canadian) approval, at least one project - the New England States line - is expected to be operational by 1984, bringing 305 million CF of natural gas daily for US residential and industrial markets. Both countries stand to benefit from the three projects. For Canada, the sale of gas to New England provides a steady market for massive quantities of gas makes building a pipeline from gas-rich Alberta (that will also serve eastern Canada) economically feasible, and ensures the existence of a transportation network in the Maritime provinces for use when production begins off Newfoundland and Nova Scotia. For the US, the gas from Canada will help reduce the nation's dependence on foreign oil and provide additional supplies during the peakload winter season.

  4. Development of the design climatic data for the 1997 ASHRAE Handbook -- Fundamentals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colliver, D.G.; Burks, T.F.; Gates, R.S.; Zhang, H.

    2000-07-01

    This paper describes the process used to revise the design weather data tables in the 1997 ASHRAE Handbook--Fundamentals. Design conditions were determined for 509 US, 134 Canadian, 339 European, 293 Asian, and 169 other worldwide locations. Thirty-three years of hourly weather data were used for approximately half of the US and all of the Canadian locations. Twelve years of data were used for the other locations. The data went through quality checking and short-term linear interpolation filling processes. Months that had sufficient data were then used in the analysis. The data were analyzed to produce annual frequency-of-occurrence design dry-bulb (DB), wet-bulb (WB), and dew-point (DP) temperatures with mean coincident values at the design conditions. A comparison with the previous design values indicated that the new dry-bulb and wet-bulb design conditions are slightly less extreme than the values previously published. However, the new design dew-point values indicate the potential for significantly more extreme dehumidification design conditions than would be found by using the old extreme dry-bulb temperature with mean coincident wet-bulb temperature. Software was also developed so users could extract the design values, cumulative frequencies, and DB/DP, DB/WB, DB/H, and DB/WS coincident matrices for 1444 locations from a CD-ROM.

  5. The U.S.-Russian joint studies on using power reactors to disposition surplus weapon plutonium as spent fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chebeskov, A.; Kalashnikov, A.; Bevard, B.; Moses, D.; Pavlovichev, A.

    1997-09-01

    In 1996, the US and the Russian Federation completed an initial joint study of the candidate options for the disposition of surplus weapons plutonium in both countries. The options included long term storage, immobilization of the plutonium in glass or ceramic for geologic disposal, and the conversion of weapons plutonium to spent fuel in power reactors. For the latter option, the US is only considering the use of existing light water reactors (LWRs) with no new reactor construction for plutonium disposition, or the use of Canadian deuterium uranium (CANDU) heavy water reactors. While Russia advocates building new reactors, the cost is high, and the continuing joint study of the Russian options is considering only the use of existing VVER-1000 LWRs in Russia and possibly Ukraine, the existing BN-60O fast neutron reactor at the Beloyarsk Nuclear Power Plant in Russia, or the use of the Canadian CANDU reactors. Six of the seven existing VVER-1000 reactors in Russia and the eleven VVER-1000 reactors in Ukraine are all of recent vintage and can be converted to use partial MOX cores. These existing VVER-1000 reactors are capable of converting almost 300 kg of surplus weapons plutonium to spent fuel each year with minimum nuclear power plant modifications. Higher core loads may be achievable in future years.

  6. U.S., Canada continue dominance of world`s gas processing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    True, W.R.

    1997-06-02

    Gas plants in the US and Canada continued to lead the rest of the world in processing capacity, throughput, and NGL production in 1996. The consolidation of gas-processing assets that has been rolling through US companies in recent years continued to limit growth in new capacity. Canadian liquids producers, on the other hand, will likely benefit from increased gas production and export sales to the US when a clutch of pipeline expansions in the next 18--30 months eases the capacity constraints on gas movements southward. And, markets and suppliers around the world continue to become more closely dependent on each other, stimulating new capacity and production. US capacity stood at slightly more than 678 bcfd as of January 1, 1997; throughput for 1996 averaged 48.8 bcfd; and NGL production exceeded 76,000 gpd. Canadian gas-processing capacity last year approached 40 bcfd. Gas-processing throughput there averaged more than 30.8 bcfd; NGL production fell to slightly more than 42,000 gpd. Oil and Gas Journal`s most recent exclusive, plant-by-plant, worldwide gas-processing survey and its international survey of petroleum-derived sulfur recovery reflect these trends. This report supplements operator-supplied capacity and production data for Alberta with figures from the (1) Alberta Energy and Utilities Board (AEUB), formerly the Energy Resources Conservation Board (ERBC), (2) British Columbia Ministry of Employment and Investment`s Engineering and Operations Branch, and (3) Saskatchewan Ministry of Energy and Mines.

  7. Confirmation of the SCA-2 locus as an alternative locus for dominantly inherited spinocerebellar ataxias and refinement of the candidate region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lopes-Cendes, I.; Rouleau, G.A. ); Andermann, E.; Andermann, F. ); Attig, E. ); Bosch, S.; Wagner, M. )

    1994-05-01

    The autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a clinically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative diseases. To date, two SCA loci have been identified - one locus (SCA-1) on the short arm of chromosome 6 and the second locus (SCA-2) on the long arm of chromosome 12. The authors have studied two large kindreds from different ethnic backgrounds, segregating an autosomal dominant form of SCA. A total of 207 living individuals, including 50 affected, were examined, and blood was collected. Linkage analysis was performed using anonymous DNA markers which flank the two previously described loci. The results demonstrate that the two kindreds, one Austrian-Canadian and one French-Canadian, are linked to SCA-2 (chromosome 12q). Multipoint linkage analysis places the SCA-2 locus within a region of approximately 16 cM between the microsatellites D12S58 and D12S84/D12S105 (odds ratio 2,371:1 in favor of this position). The authors show that the SCA-2 locus is not a private gene and represents an alternative SCA locus. 51 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  8. Fuel Additives: Canada bans MMT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sissell, K.

    1997-04-16

    The Canadian Senate voted late last week to ban use of the manganese-based fuel additive MMT, produced only in the US by Ethyl. MMT, which has been sold in Canada for the past 20 years and accounts for about half of Ethyl`s Canadian sales, has been criticized by environmentalists, who have raised public health concerns, and automakers, who say it harms emission control systems. {open_quotes}Canada`s vote is a great victory for public health and the environment,{close_quotes} says Environmental Defense Fund executive director Fred Krupp. {open_quotes}The US should move swiftly to follow suit and suspend sales of MMT until adequate toxicity testing on the additive is completed.{close_quotes} EPA had refused to approve MMT for sale because of health concerns but was compelled to do so by a December 1995 court ruling. Ethyl asserts the ban violates Canada`s obligations under Nafta and says it will file a damage claim with the Nafta arbitration panel.

  9. The Canada connection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bright, D.; Salaff, S.

    1995-03-01

    A big boost for wholesale electricity wheeling between Canada and the United States could be the consolidation and final approval of the Western Regional Transmission Association (WRTA), expected later this year, and the Northwest Regional Transmission Association (NWRTA). WRTA culd become the first US regional transmission group (RTG) approved by the ederal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). Several US utilities and independent energy players would be joined in this pioneering RTG by western Canadian firms - a major advance for Canada-US electricity cooperation and competition. Curently, British Columbia and Alberta are leading Canada toward open transmission access and wholesale electricity wheeling. WRTA and other RTGs may even become vehicles for greater inter-utility coopertion and open access within Canada. The opportunities for participation in Canada/US transmission groups seem likely, but there are still issues to resolve - including the unknown shape of the US electric industry as it changes. As these uncertainties are worked through both Canadian and US companies may find new opportunities in cross border power sales.

  10. A comparison of the rates of hydrocarbon generation from Lodgepole, False Bakken, and Bakken formation petroleum source rocks, Williston Basin, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jarvie, D.M.; Elsinger, R.J.; Inden, R.F.; Palacas, J.G.

    1996-06-01

    Recent successes in the Lodgepole Waulsortian Mound play have resulted in the reevaluation of the Williston Basin petroleum systems. It has been postulated that hydrocarbons were generated from organic-rich Bakken Formation source rocks in the Williston Basin. However, Canadian geoscientists have indicated that the Lodgepole Formation is responsible for oil entrapped in Lodgepole Formation and other Madison traps in portions of the Canadian Williston Basin. Furthermore, geoscientists in the U.S. have recently shown oils from mid-Madison conventional reservoirs in the U.S. Williston Basin were not derived from Bakken Formation source rocks. Kinetic data showing the rate of hydrocarbon formation from petroleum source rocks were measured on source rocks from the Lodgepole, False Bakken, and Bakken Formations. These results show a wide range of values in the rate of hydrocarbon generation. Oil prone facies within the Lodgepole Formation tend to generate hydrocarbons earlier than the oil prone facies in the Bakken Formation and mixed oil/gas prone and gas prone facies in the Lodgepole Formation. A comparison of these source rocks using a geological model of hydrocarbon generation reveals differences in the timing of generation and the required level of maturity to generate significant amounts of hydrocarbons.

  11. Construction plans jump; operations skid in 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    True, W.R.

    1997-08-04

    Federally regulated oil and gas pipelines turned in mixed performances in 1996, a review of annual reports filed with the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) shows. Plans for new pipeline construction, filed with both the FERC and Canadian regulatory bodies, increased during a 12-month period ending June 30, 1997. Natural-gas pipeline operating companies increased their operating revenues but saw their incomes fall; oil pipelines saw both revenues and incomes fall sharply as deliveries were flat. Major natural-gas pipelines slightly increased the amounts of gas they moved for a fee and decreased gas sold out of their systems. In 1996, liquids pipelines moved fewer barrels than a year earlier and reduced in all categories the miles of line operated. Each year in this exclusive report, Oil and Gas Journal tracks revenues and incomes earned from operations along with volumes moved, as submitted to the FERC by US regulated interstate pipeline companies. Data are presented on the following: pipeline revenues, incomes--1996; North American pipeline-construction costs; US pipeline costs--estimated vs. actual; North American compressor construction costs; US compressor costs--estimated vs. actual; Canadian pipeline-construction costs, actual; US interstate mileage; investment in liquids pipelines; 10 years of land-construction costs; top 10 interstate liquids lines; top 10 interstate gas lines; liquids pipeline companies; and gas pipeline companies.

  12. Poster — Thur Eve — 54: Radiotherapy and Non-Radiotherapy Safety Practices Beyond Licensing Expectations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kosierb, Rick

    2014-08-15

    The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) regulates the use of nuclear energy and materials to protect the health, safety and security of Canadians and the environment, and to implement Canada's international obligations on the peaceful use of nuclear energy. In order to perform this regulatory activity, the CNSC issue licences and has its staff perform inspections to verify conformity to the aspects of those licences. Within the CNSC, the Accelerators and Class II Facilities Division (ACFD) is responsible for the regulatory oversight of Class II Prescribed Equipment used in medical, academic, and industrial sectors in Canada. In performing inspections, ACFD has encountered licensees with practices that are either below, meet or exceed regulatory expectations in specific areas. Unfortunately, none of these practices are ever communicated to the broader Class II community to help other licensees avoid the same problem or achieve high standards. In this poster, ACFD will highlight safety practices that go beyond expectations. These practices are taken from observations during site inspections between 2007 and 2013 and will be presented in six areas: Procedures, Participation, Awareness, Equipment, Servicing and Software. Each area briefly discusses a number of practices that the CNSC feels went beyond the expectations dictated by the licence. Where possible, names are added of the contact people at the centres who can be reached for full details of their implementations. It is hoped that this communication will assist other licensees to achieve these same high levels of compliance and possibly go beyond.

  13. Examining the potential for voluntary fuel economy standards in the United States and Canada.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plotkin, S.; Greene, D.; Duleep, K.

    2003-03-19

    This report is designed to assist the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. government in general, and Natural Resources Canada with understanding the potential for voluntary fuel economy standards designed to increase the fuel economy of the North American fleet of light-duty vehicles (LDVs-passenger cars and light trucks) within a 10-15-year timeframe. The approach of this study has been: First, to examine and evaluate recent fuel economy initiatives taken in Japan and Europe; Second, to review the technologies available to improve fuel economy in the U.S. (and Canadian) fleets, focusing on their costs and fuel economy improvement potential; Third, to identify and broadly evaluate some alternatives to the current U.S. and Canadian Corporate Average Fuel Economy system of specifying uniform fuel economy targets (27.5 mpg for cars, 20.7 mpg for light trucks) for individual companies; and Fourth, to try to determine an approximate level of fuel economy increase and form of company agreements that would be conducive to a voluntary agreement, based on the assumption that an acceptable voluntary standard would impose an equitable burden on each manufacturer and would be approximately cost-effective from consumers' private perspectives.

  14. Evaluation of National Seismograph Network detection capabilities. Annual report, July 1994--July 1995: Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McLaughlin, K.L.; Bennett, T.J.

    1996-03-01

    This first annual report presents detection thresholds and probabilities, and location error ellipse projects for the United States National Seismic Network (USNSN) with and without cooperative stations in the eastern US. Network simulation methods are used with spectral noise levels at stations to simulate the processes of excitation, propagation, detection, and processing of seismic phases. USNSN alone should be capable of detecting 4 or more P waves for shallow crustal earthquakes in nearly all the eastern and central US at magnitude 3.8 level. When cooperative stations are added, the network should be able to detect 4 or more P waves from events 0.2 to 0.3 magnitude units lower. Planned expansion of USNSN and cooperative stations should improve detection levels by an additional 0.2-0.3 magnitudes units in many areas. Location uncertainties for USNSN can be improved by adding real-time cooperative stations. Median error ellipses for magnitude 4.5 earthquakes depend strongly on location, but uncertainties should be less than 100 km{sup 2} in the central US and degrade to 200 km{sup 2} or more offshore and sosuth and north of the international boundaries. Close cooperation with the Canadian National Network should substantially improve detection thresholds and location uncertainties along the Canadian border.

  15. An LDC grows in Brooklyn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kauffmann, B.

    1994-11-01

    Bob Catell is turning Brooklyn Union into the premier energy company of the Northeast. He also plans to make A.G.A. the premier trade association of the energy business, and natural gas the premier energy source of the world. And as far back as 1984, Catell and others at Brooklyn Union anticipated the need to change the way gas companies ran their core business, in order to meet the coming deregulation that they all thought was a certainty. Believing that industry restructuring would make gas companies more responsible for acquiring and transporting gas, Catell began looking around for alternative suppliers and new ways to transport gas. This resulted in two of his proudest accomplishments. The first is the construction of the Iroquois Gas Transmission System, which extends from Canada to New York and transports gas to all of the Northeast. The second is the close working relationship he and Brooklyn Union have established with Canadian suppliers, whose exports make up nearly 24 percent of the gas used in the Northeast. Catell plans to use his year as A.G.A. chairman to cultivate even closer relationships with the Canadian gas industry.

  16. Evaluation of national seismograph network detection capabilities: Final report. Volume 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McLaughlin, K.L.; Barker, T.G.; Bennett, T.J.

    1997-10-01

    This final report presents detection thresholds, detection probabilities, and location error ellipse projections for the US National Seismic Network (USNSN) with and without real-time cooperative stations in the eastern US. Network simulation methods are used with spectral noise levels at stations in the USNSN and other stations to simulate the processes of excitation, propagation, detection, and processing of seismic phases. The USNSN alone should be capable of detecting 4 or more P waves for shallow crustal earthquakes in nearly all of the eastern and central US at the magnitude 3.8 level. When real-time cooperative stations are used in conjunction with the USNSN, the network should be capable of detecting 4 or more P waves from events 0.2 to 0.3 magnitude units lower. The planned expansion of the USNSN and cooperative stations should improve detection levels by an additional 0.2 to 0.3 magnitudes units in many areas. Location uncertainties for the USNSN should be significantly improved by addition of real-time cooperative stations. Median error ellipses for magnitude 4.5 earthquakes in the eastern and central US depend strongly upon location, but uncertainties should be less than 100 square km in the central US and degrade to 200 square km or more offshore and to the south and north of the international boundaries. Close cooperation with the Canadian National Network should substantially improve detection thresholds and location uncertainties along the Canadian border.

  17. Waste Segregation Based on Derived Clearance Levels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garisto, N.C.; Parhizgari, Z.

    2008-07-01

    This paper describes the methodology and results of a radiological modeling in support of an application to release very low level radiologically contaminated waste from regulatory control and allow its haulage and disposal in a hazardous waste landfill. The Canadian regulatory body responsible for licensing operations involving nuclear materials (the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission), has not yet formally defined clearance levels for free release of low level radiologically contaminated waste. The IAEA clearance levels have been derived for certain situations and receptor characteristics, which might be too conservative for an actual case. A site-specific pathways analysis was therefore completed to define conditional clearance levels using the concept of de minimis dose limit. Derived Conditional Clearance Levels were calculated for each radionuclide based on the maximally exposed hypothetical individuals to determine whether each waste stream can be 'cleared' from regulatory controls. The results showed that haulage of the waste from the station to the haulage/processing facility and transportation of waste or sludge from the haulage/processing facility to the disposal facility, handling of the waste or sludge at the haulage/processing facility, and incineration and/or disposal of waste or sludge at the disposal facility would not expose the workers to doses above 0.1 {mu}Sv/yr., which is less than the de minimis dose limit of 10 {mu}Sv/yr. (authors)

  18. Unique Regulatory Approach for Licensing the Port Hope Remediation Project in Canada - 13315

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kostova, M.; Howard, D.; Elder, P.

    2013-07-01

    The Port Hope remediation project is a part of a larger initiative of the Canadian Federal Government the Port Hope Area Initiative (PHAI) which is based upon a community proposal. The Government of Canada, through Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) is investing $1.28 billion over 10 years to clean up historic low-level radioactive waste in the Port Hope Area and to provide long-term safe management of the low-level radioactive wastes in the Port Hope Area. These wastes arose from the activities of a former Federal Crown Corporation (Eldorado Nuclear) and its private sector predecessors. In Canada, historic waste are defined as low-level radioactive waste that was managed in a manner no longer considered acceptable, but for which the original producer cannot reasonably be held responsible or no longer exists and for which the Federal Government has accepted responsibility. In Canada, under the current regulatory framework, the environmental remediation is not considered as a distinct phase of the nuclear cycle. The regulatory approach for dealing with existing sites contaminated with radioactive residues is defined on the basis of risk and application of existing regulations. A unique regulatory approach was taken by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) to address the various licensing issues and to set out the requirements for licensing of the Port Hope Project within the current regulatory framework. (authors)

  19. The role and future of nuclear power in Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Runnalls, O.J.C.

    1989-01-01

    Canada is rich in energy. Hydraulic power is the main source of electricity in Canada. The availability of natural resources and energy has guided the economic development of all the provinces. The Canadian Nuclear Association sponsored a survey of public attitudes in May of 1988. There appears to be less understanding of the actual supply of electricity and of the future natural resource availability. One out of five Canadians strongly opposes the use of nuclear energy. The CANDU type reactor proven to be a very economical and reliable choice in Canada. With the attention now being focused on the greenhouse effect and acid rain in Canada, opinion leaders, even in the traditionally antinuclear environmental community, are reconsidering the nuclear option. A significant hurdle has to be cleared in the relatively near future: a public review of the deep geologic high-level waste disposal concept. Groundwork has been laid to prepare for significant participation in a nuclear renaissance, across Canada and around the world.

  20. Greenhouse gas reduction strategy: A team approach to resource management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ngai, C.C.; Borchert, G.; Ho, K.T.; Lee, S.

    1996-12-31

    In spite of the conflicting evidence of global warming due to greenhouse gas emission, PanCanadian accepts the reduction of greenhouse gas as both a political and environmental reality. While PanCanadian is committed to participate in the government and industry sponsored voluntary climate change challenge, we are also acutely aware of its potential impact on our competitiveness considering our status as a hydrocarbon producer and exporter. This paper describes a multi-discipline team approach to the challenge of reducing greenhouse gas. This includes identification of all greenhouse gas emission sources, listing the opportunities and relative impact of each remedial solution, and estimated cost associated with the reduction. Both immediate solutions and long term strategies are explored. This includes energy conservation, improving process efficiency and promoting environmental training and awareness programs. A number of important issues become evident in greenhouse gas reduction related to the exploration and production of hydrocarbons: depleting pressure and water encroachment in reservoirs; energy required for producing oil as opposed to producing gas; and public perception of flaring as compared with venting. A cost and benefit study of greenhouse gas reduction opportunities in terms of net present values is discussed. This paper describes a process that can be adapted by other producers in managing air emissions.

  1. Methanol market slowly tightens as Brazil starts soaking up material

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, I.

    1992-11-25

    Although the US methanol market's response to mandated oxygen requirements in reformulated gasoline has been disappointing, the European market has surprisingly been tightening in recent weeks and looks set for a price rise in first-quarter 1993. The tightness is being felt mainly in the Mediterranean market, where the Libyan methanol plant is running at only 70% because of problems with gas feedstock supplies. More significantly, the Brazilian government has now given the go-ahead for a yearlong extension on imports of methanol for use as an ethanol replacement in fuel blending. The new authorization sets a monthly import limit of 48,000 m.t. during that period. Libya is an important supplier of methanol to the Brazilian market and has already shipped about 20,000 m.t. since the authorization was given. Another major supplier to Brazil is Russia, from its two giant 750,000-m.t./year plants at Gubakha and Tomsk. The material is shipped from the terminal at Yuzhnyy on the Black Sea, in Ukrainian territory since the collapse of the Soviet Union.

  2. Analysis of single point moored tanker using maneuvering hydrodynamic model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nishimoto, K.; Brinati, H.L.; Fucatu, C.H.

    1995-12-31

    The Single Point Mooring Systems (SPM) are widely used as a tanker terminal in Brazilian south coast by Petrobras, Brazilian oil company. Although different authors (Wichers, 1987, Obokata, 1987, and Jiang et al., 1988) had analyzed the dynamic stability of SPM system, the down time of these systems due to large oscillatory ship motion in the horizontal plane is significant until now. The main source of the instability of these systems is considered to be the use of inadequate hawser length and bad weather. This paper deals with the dynamic behavior of SPM moored vessels considering the influence of the environmental forces as well as shallow water effects. In a first step, a nonlinear mathematical model developed for the simulation of low speed ship maneuvers (Takashina, 1986) is extended to study the behavior of a tanker moored to a single buoy in comparison with the Obokata`s SPM model, 1987. A large number of tanker motion simulations were carried out both for deep and shallow water and different environmental conditions. The influence of the system parameters shown by the study is, in general, in a good agreement with those obtained by the traditional SPM system analysis.

  3. Measurement of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the air along the niagara river

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoff, R.M.; Chan, K.W.

    1987-06-01

    Two week-long studies in 1982-1983 have measure ambient concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and phthalate esters in air in both the particulate and gas phase along the US-Canadian border and the Niagara River. Concentrations of the PAH species monitored varied from 3 pg m/sup -3/ to 40 ng m/sup -3/. PAH's with three rings or less were found in significant proportions in the gas phase while larger molecules are almost solely in the particulate phase. Particulate components of the PAH loadings appear to originate locally with Buffalo, NY, Niagara Falls, NY, and Niagara Falls, Ontario, as probably sources. Gas-phase PAH components have a more regional character indicating regional or long-range transport. Levels of benzo(a)pyrene are consistent with previous particulate measurements made along the river since 1981.

  4. Aircraft de-icing best management plans

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, A.

    1997-12-31

    The purpose of this paper is to summarize the environmental impact of glycol-based de-icing fluids and the best management practices utilized at Canadian airports. The operational, safety and environmental effects of glycol are discussed as well as the management instruments available to address these areas of concern. In today`s highly mobile society, increasing air travel necessitates an awareness of flight safety by the aviation industry. This is most evident during the inclement winter season when de-icing operations are mandatory. De-icing fluids are both a safety and an environmental concern. Although glycol-based de-icers are applied to ensure flight safety, the release of this chemical has a detrimental effect on the environment.

  5. Solarnorth '81 by Tymura Solardesigns: diverse residential, commercial and industrial projects at and above the 48th parallel in Ontario, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tymura, E.J.

    1981-01-01

    Solar Energy Heating Applications are On the Rise in and above the Northwestern City of Thunder Bay, on the northern shore of Lake Superior. Unique in their diversifications, the architectural commissions range from pure passive residential design thru hybrid systems; residential Greenhouse-Solarium active swimming pool and commercial hotel pool to inexpensive hybrid system for Canada's First Commercial Solar Lumber Drying Kiln; as well as combined earth sheltered with solar system design for a dormitory complex and shopping center. By May 1981, 7 buildings designed by Tymura Solardesigns in the Thunder Bay area will have been subjected to the Extreme Canadian climate (10,500/sup 0/F degree days, yearly temperature maximums from -41/sup 0/F to 90/sup 0/F, and solar fractions vary from 50% to 75%, with economic payback periods ranging between 7 and 10 years.

  6. Poster — Thur Eve — 50: Common Regulatory Non-Compliances and How to Avoid Them

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heimann, M.

    2014-08-15

    The Accelerators and Class II Facilities Division (ACFD) of the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), is responsible for the oversight of radiotherapy facilities containing Class II prescribed equipment in Canada. Over the past several years, ACFD has been performing compliance inspections of Class II nuclear facilities across the country (medical and otherwise), and in that time, has issued several hundred corrective actions to licensees due to non-compliance with regulatory requirements. Recently, a study was done to determine the most common regulatory non-compliances. The purpose of this poster presentation is to disseminate information to the licensee community about the nature of these non-compliances, and how they can be avoided by licensees in the future.

  7. First joint SPE/DOE symposium on enhanced oil recovery, proceedings supplement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-01-01

    The First Joint Symposium on Enhanced Oil Recovery sponsored by the Society of Petroleum Engineers and the US Department of Energy was held in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Besides the thirty-three technical papers which covered all phases of enhanced oil recovery and were published in the Proceedings, the Symposium included a session on Enhanced Oil Recovery Incentives where ten papers were presented which discussed the status of enhanced oil recovery technology, and included papers on incentive programs of the United States, Canada and Venezuela. These papers are published in this Proceedings Supplement under the following titles: Federal Government Role in enhanced Oil Recovery; Financial Realities of an Adequate Petroleum Supply; Major Technology Constraints in Enhanced Oil Recovery; Decontrol-Opportunities and Dangers; Status of EOR Technology; Impact of Federal Incentives on US Production; Canadian Incentives Program; and Heavy Oil Incentives in Venezuela.

  8. A Review of Some Degradation Mechanisms in CANDU Steam Generator Tubing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ogundele, G.; Clark, M.; Goszczynski, G.; Lloyd, A.; Pagan, S.; Sedman, K.; King, P.

    2006-07-01

    The first CANDU (Canadian Deuterium Uranium) pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR) went into operation in July 1971. Today, there are several units in operation at the Pickering, Bruce, and Darlington sites in Ontario, Canada. The steam generator tubing materials were manufactured from Monel 400, Inconel 600, and Incoloy 800 for the Pickering, Bruce, and Darlington respectively and are subjected to different operating conditions. This paper presents a review of some of the various types of degradation mechanisms that have been observed on these tubing materials over the operating period of the respective plants. The results presented are based on the metallurgical examination of removed tubes. The mechanisms that have been observed include pitting, stress corrosion cracking, intergranular attack, fretting, and erosion corrosion. The nature of the flaws and causative factors (if known) are discussed. (authors)

  9. Revenue surge to sustain drilling in U.S. and Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, R.J.; Petzet, G.A.

    1997-01-27

    Drilling activity in the US and Canada will remain strong in 1997 after increasing in 1996. Oil and Gas Journal figures indicate that rising oil and gas prices provided operators during 1996 with their highest wellhead revenues since 1985. This portends robust capital and exploration spending as long as operators follow through with plans revealed in recent weeks. Also encouraging operators to boost drilling programs are economically juicy plays in the Gulf of Mexico, Gulf Coast, and several other onshore areas. A group of major oil companies indicated plans to increase US exploratory drilling this year against a slight dip in total US drilling. And Canada is matching or exceeding forecasters` expectations, with no letup in view from its last few years` pace of 11,000--12,000 wells/year. The paper discusses US economics, year to year performance, activities of the major oil companies, and Canadian activities.

  10. A Framework for the Evaluation of the Cost and Benefits of Microgrids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, Greg Young; Abbey, Chad; Joos, Geza; Marnay, Chris

    2011-07-15

    A Microgrid is recognized as an innovative technology to help integrate renewables into distribution systems and to provide additional benefits to a variety of stakeholders, such as offsetting infrastructure investments and improving the reliability of the local system. However, these systems require additional investments for control infrastructure, and as such, additional costs and the anticipated benefits need to be quantified in order to determine whether the investment is economically feasible. This paper proposes a methodology for systematizing and representing benefits and their interrelationships based on the UML Use Case paradigm, which allows complex systems to be represented in a concise, elegant format. This methodology is demonstrated by determining the economic feasibility of a Microgrid and Distributed Generation installed on a typical Canadian rural distribution system model as a case study. The study attempts to minimize the cost of energy served to the community, considering the fixed costs associated with Microgrids and Distributed Generation, and suggests benefits to a variety of stakeholders.

  11. AmeriFlux CA-Qcu Quebec - Eastern Boreal, Black Spruce/Jack Pine Cutover

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Margolis, Hank A.

    2016-01-01

    This is the AmeriFlux version of the carbon flux data for the site CA-Qcu Quebec - Eastern Boreal, Black Spruce/Jack Pine Cutover. Site Description - The ground is gently rolling with a weak slope (<5%). In mesic areas (designated as well to moderately well drained areas, according to the Canadian System of Soil Classification (Agriculture Canada Expert Committee on Soil Survey, 1983)), the soil is a ferro-humic to humic podzol covered by an organic layer having an average depth of 26 cm (Fig. 1). In humid areas, the soil is organic (imperfectly to poorly drained) with an average organic layer of 125 cm. Mesic areas accounted for approximately 75% of the total surface area of the footprint and humid areas accounted for 25%. Full-time continuous measurements eneded in 2011. Intermittent measurements are on-going as resources permit.

  12. Low rate entrainment feeder for fine solids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, D.S.; Piskorz, J.

    1982-08-01

    A mechanically stirred entrainment-type feeder for fine solids has been developed which will give rates constant to +/- 5% for 1 h or more. The feeder was constructed in connection with a mini-fluidized bed flash pyrolysis project for both biomass and Canadian coals. It has been used to feed coal, sawdust and ground bark in sizes below 600 micro m at rates as low as 6 g/h. Gas to solids weight ratios obtained were from about 3:1 to 1:3. The effect on feed rates of most of the operating and geometric parameters was investigated at low feed rates. A mechanism for control of the feed rate was tested and found to be satisfactory.

  13. Day of reckoning for the Garrison project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holden, C.

    1984-08-31

    A 12-member commission appointed by the Interior Department could decide to stop or change the Garrison Diversion Unit irrigation project in North Dakota. Under attack since the early 1970s by environmentalists and farmers whose land was disrupted, the project would store and divert water from the Missouri River in a series of canals and reservoirs. The project also ran into trouble with the Canadian government over concerns about pollution from irrigation runoff. Promoted heavily by the Reagan administration as a way to provide irrigation to dry areas and stabilize the economy, the project conflicts with other government payments to farmers to limit production. Little evidence supports the need to supplement municipal water supplies. Controversy over these issues, the value of free drainage to farmers, the impact of fish screens and other environmental impacts underscroes the need to develop a workable plan agreeable to both sides.

  14. EIS-0433: Keystone XL Pipeline

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The proposed Keystone XL project consists of a 1,700-mile crude oil pipeline and related facilities that would primarily be used to transport Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin crude oil from an oil supply hub in Alberta, Canada to delivery points in Oklahoma and Texas. This EIS, prepared by the Department of State, evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposed Keystone XL project. DOE’s Western Area Power Administration, a cooperating agency, has jurisdiction over certain proposed transmission facilities (construction and operation of a short 230-kv transmission line and construction of a new substation). The State Department published a notice in the Federal Register on February 3, 2012, regarding the denial of the Keystone XL presidential permit (77 FR 5614).

  15. Corrosion of Nuclear Fuel Inside a Failed Copper Nuclear Waste Container

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Broczkowski, Michael E.; Goldik, Jonathan S.; Santos, Billy G.; Noel, James J.; Shoesmith, David

    2007-07-01

    Canada's Nuclear Waste Management Organization has recommended to the Canadian federal government an adaptive phased management approach to the long-term management of used nuclear fuel. This approach includes isolation in a deep geologic repository. In such a repository, the fuel would be sealed inside a carbon steel-lined copper container. To assist the development of performance assessment models studies of fuel behaviour inside a failed waste container are underway. Using an iterative modeling and experimental approach, the important features and processes that determine fuel behaviour have been identified and studied. These features and processes are discussed and the results of studies to elucidate specific mechanisms and determine important parameter values summarized. (authors)

  16. A new spin on the rotary engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ashley, S.

    1995-04-01

    This article reports on a Canadian company that is trying to develop high-power, low-weight motors based on a novel axial-vane rotary engine concept. A promising new attempt at a practical rotary engine is the Rand Cam engine now being developed by Reg Technologies Inc. The Rand Cam engine is a four-stroke, positive-displacement power plant based on an axial-vane compression/expansion mechanism with only nine moving parts (eight vanes and a rotor). The new engine design uses passive ports rather than mechanically operated valves, and it features lighter-weight reciprocating parts than customary pistons. The Rand Cam operates at lower speeds than a typical Wankel engine (less than 2,000 rpm) and at higher compression ratios. Chamber sealing is accomplished using sliding axial vanes rather than the motion of an eccentric rotor.

  17. A Comprehensive Approach to Bi-National Regional Energy Planning in the Pacific Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matt Morrison

    2007-12-31

    The Pacific NorthWest Economic Region, a statutory organization chartered by the Northwest states of Alaska, Washington, Idaho, Montana, and Oregon, and the western Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and the Yukon through its Energy Working Group launched a bi-national energy planning initiative designed to create a Pacific Northwest energy planning council of regional public/private stakeholders from both Canada and the US. There is an urgent need to deal with the comprehensive energy picture now before our hoped for economic recovery results in energy price spikes which are likely to happen because the current supply will not meet predicted demand. Also recent events of August 14th have shown that our bi-national energy grid system is intricately interdependent, and additional planning for future capacity is desperately needed.

  18. Residential Forced Air System Cabinet Leakage and Blower Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, Iain S.; Dickerhoff, Darryl J.; Delp, William W.

    2010-03-01

    This project evaluated the air leakage and electric power consumption of Residential HVAC components, with a particular focus on air leakage of furnace cabinets. Laboratory testing of HVAC components indicated that air leakage can be significant and highly variable from unit to unit ? indicating the need for a standard test method and specifying maximum allowable air leakage in California State energy codes. To further this effort, this project provided technical assistance for the development of a national standard for Residential HVAC equipment air leakage. This standard is being developed by ASHRAE and is called"ASHRAE Standard 193P - Method of test for Determining the Air Leakage Rate of HVAC Equipment". The final part of this project evaluated techniques for measurement of furnace blower power consumption. A draft test procedure for power consumption was developed in collaboration with the Canadian General Standards Board: CSA 823"Performance Standard for air handlers in residential space conditioning systems".

  19. 1993 International conference on nuclear waste management and environmental remediation, Prague, Czech Republic, September 5--11, 1993. Combined foreign trip report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slate, S.C.; Allen, R.E.

    1993-12-01

    The purpose of the trip was to attend the 1993 International Conference on Nuclear Waste Management and Environmental Remediation. The principal objective of this conference was to facilitate a truly international exchange of information on the management of nuclear wastes as well as contaminated facilities and sites emanating from nuclear operations. The conference was sponsored by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the Czech and Slovak Mechanical Engineering Societies, and the Czech and Slovak Nuclear Societies in cooperation with the Commission of the European Communities, the International Atomic Energy Agency, and the OECD Nuclear Agency. The conference was cosponsored by the American Nuclear Society, the Atomic Energy Society of Japan, the Canadian Nuclear Society, the (former USSR) Nuclear Society, and the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. This was the fourth in a series of biennial conferences, which started in Hong Kong, in 1987. This report summarizes shared aspects of the trip; however, each traveler`s observations and recommendations are reported separately.

  20. The role of the U.S. Clean Coal Technology Program in implementing the objectives of the joint Canada-U.S. acid rain mitigation initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baldwin, A.L.; Smith, D.N.; Mann, A.W.; McIlvried, H.G.; Russell, D.L. Sr.

    1997-12-31

    The Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Program was initiated by the US Department of Energy (DOE) in part as a response to the 1986 Joint Report of the US and Canadian Special Envoys on Acid Rain, with a particular focus on coal-burning electric power plants. The fist three solicitations of the CCT Program were aimed primarily at mitigating the potential impacts of acid rain. Subsequently, the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 established emission reduction targets for SO{sub 2} and No{sub x}, which influenced the goals of the last two CCT Program. This paper provides an overview of the CCT Program and reports the significant results, with emphasis on emissions reduction as well as their impact on ozone formation.

  1. An active atmospheric methane sink in high Arctic mineral cryosols

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lau, Maggie C.Y.; Stackhouse, B.; Layton, Alice C.; Chauhan, Archana; Vishnivetskaya, T. A.; Chourey, Karuna; Mykytczuk, N. C.S.; Bennett, Phil C.; Lamarche-Gagnon, G.; Burton, N.; et al

    2015-01-01

    The transition of Arctic carbon-rich cryosols into methane (CH₄)-emitting wetlands due to global warming is a rising concern. However, the spatially predominant mineral cryosols and their CH₄ emission potential are poorly understood. Fluxes measured in situ and estimated under laboratory conditions coupled with -omics analysis indicate (1) mineral cryosols in the Canadian high Arctic contain atmospheric CH₄-oxidizing bacteria; (2) the atmospheric CH⁺ uptake flux increases with ground temperature; and, as a result, (3) the atmospheric CH₄ sink strength will increase by a factor of 5-30 as the Arctic warms by 5-15 °C over a century. We demonstrated that acidic mineralmore » cryosols have previously unrecognized potential of negative CH₄ feedback.« less

  2. Low prices harpoon Canada's mini-boom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maciej, H. )

    1989-02-01

    The authors present an analysis of the year 1988 in the Canadian oil and gas industry. With budgets underpinned by price expectations of $17/bbl to $18/bbl for WTI crude, optimism pervaded industry at the beginning of the year. Budget plans called for total spending of some C$7.6 billion, an increase of 25% over the C$6.1 invested in 1987. Drilling plans would have made 1988 the fourth best year on record with total well completions close to the 9,000-well mark. The year started strongly, as prices performed close to expectations. When prices began to soften and no reversal was apparent, corporate expenditures began to be adjusted in the second half.

  3. U.S., Canada pipeline work shows gain in 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watts, J.

    1994-01-01

    Pipeline construction activity in the US and Canada is expected to be down slightly during 1994 from 1993 mileage, even though natural gas pipeline work remains steady on both sides of the border. Pipeline and Gas Journal and Pipeline and Utilities Construction estimate that a total of 3.638 miles of new gas, crude oil and refined products pipeline will be installed during 1994 in the US, down from a total of 4.278 miles built in 1993. Canadian 1994 work remains essentially unchanged in 1994, with 1,094 new miles compared to 1,091 miles in 1993. This paper reviews the proposed construction by region and company. It includes information on mileage, type pipeline, and estimated completion date.

  4. MOST SPACE TELESCOPE PHOTOMETRY OF THE 2010 JANUARY TRANSIT OF EXTRASOLAR PLANET HD80606b

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, Jessica E.; Barnes, Jason W.; Rowe, Jason F.

    2013-01-01

    We present observations of the full 2010 January transit of HD80606b from the Canadian microsatellite, Microvariability and Oscillations of Stars. By employing a space-based telescope, we monitor the entire transit, thus limiting systematic errors that result from ground observations. We determine measurements for the planetary radius (R{sub p} = 0.987 {+-} 0.061 R {sub Jup}) and inclination (i = 89. Degree-Sign 283 {+-} 0.024) by constraining our fits with the observed parameters of different groups. Our measured mid-transit time of 2455210.6449 {+-} 0.0034 HJD is consistent with the 2010 Spitzer results and is 20 minutes earlier than predicted by groups who observed the 2009 June transit.

  5. Kinetics of heavy oil/coal coprocessing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szladow, A.J.; Chan, R.K. ); Foudu, S.; Kelly, J.F. )

    1988-06-01

    A number of studies have been reported on coprocessing of coal and oil sand bitumen, petroleum residues and distillate fractions in catalytic and non-catalytic processes. The studies described the effects of feedstock characteristics, process chemistry and operating variables on the product yield and distribution; however, very few kinetic data were reported in these investigations. This paper presents the kinetic data and modelling of the CANMET coal/heavy oil coprocessing process. CANMET has been conducting research and process development work on coprocessing of Canadian heavy oil/bitumen and coal since 1979 including studies of the kinetics and mechanisms of coprocessing. As a continuation of the program, CANMET and Lobbe Technologies undertook a project on mathematical modelling of coprocessing kinetics with emphasis on the development of reaction engineering models for improved process performance and operation.

  6. Build an oven, cook a meal: How solar energy empowered women in Costa Rica

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blankenship, J. )

    1990-12-01

    A pilot solar cooking project in the hot, northern province of Guanacaste promises to serve as a model for community groups wanting to build their own solar ovens. An $8,000 (US) grant has been awarded by the Canadian Embassy in Costa Rica to take the Guanacaste project into a second stage in 1990-91. Two construction workshops, with twelve participants in each, are planned in communities near Oriente. Three women from the Oriente group will have paid jobs as organizational facilitators and workshop supervisors. In popular education this is called the multiplier effect - the users of solar cookers construct the ovens themselves, and then instruct others to do the same. 3 refs.

  7. Driving it home: choosing the right path for fueling North America's transportation future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ann Bordetsky; Susan Casey-Lefkowitz; Deron Lovaas; Elizabeth Martin-Perera; Melanie Nakagawa; Bob Randall; Dan Woynillowicz

    2007-06-15

    North America faces an energy crossroads. With the world fast approaching the end of cheap, plentiful conventional oil, we must choose between developing ever-dirtier sources of fossil fuels -- at great cost to our health and environment -- or setting a course for a more sustainable energy future of clean, renewable fuels. This report explores the full scale of the damage done by attempts to extract oil from liquid coal, oil shale, and tar sands; examines the risks for investors of gambling on these dirty fuel sources; and lays out solutions for guiding us toward a cleaner fuel future. Table of contents: Executive Summary; Chapter 1: Transportation Fuel at a Crossroads; Chapter 2: Canadian Tar Sands: Scraping the Bottom of the Barrel in Endangered Forests; Chapter 3: Oil Shale Extraction: Drilling Through the American West; Chapter 4: Liquid Coal: A 'Clean Fuel' Mirage; Chapter 5: The Investment Landscape: Dirty Fuels Are Risky Business; Chapter 6: The Clean Path for Transportation and Conclusion.

  8. Sour gas plant remediation technology research and demonstration project, Task 7.53. Topical report, January--December 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stepan, D.J.; Kuehnel, V.; Schmit, C.R.

    1994-02-01

    Recognizing the potential impacts of sour gas plant operations on the subsurface environment, the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers (CAPP) and Environment Canada initiated a multiphase study focusing on research related to the development and demonstration of remedial technologies for soil and groundwater contamination at these facilities. Research performed under this project was designed to supplement and be coordinated with research activities being conducted at an operational sour gas plant located in Rocky Mountain House, Alberta, Canada. These research tasks included hydrogeological site characterization, subsurface contaminant characterization, ex situ treatment of groundwater, and subsurface remediation of residual contamination in the unsaturated zone. Ex situ treatment of groundwater included evaluations of air stripping, steam stripping, advanced oxidation, and biological treatment, as well as the development of an artificial freeze crystallization process. Soil vapor extraction was evaluated as a technique to address residual contamination in the unsaturated zone.

  9. An active atmospheric methane sink in high Arctic mineral cryosols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lau, Maggie C.Y.; Stackhouse, B.; Layton, Alice C.; Chauhan, Archana; Vishnivetskaya, T. A.; Chourey, Karuna; Mykytczuk, N. C.S.; Bennett, Phil C.; Lamarche-Gagnon, G.; Burton, N.; Renholm, J.; Hettich, R. L.; Pollard, W. H.; Omelon, C. R.; Medvigy, David M.; Pffifner, Susan M.; Whyte, L. G.; Onstott, T. C.

    2015-01-01

    The transition of Arctic carbon-rich cryosols into methane (CH₄)-emitting wetlands due to global warming is a rising concern. However, the spatially predominant mineral cryosols and their CH₄ emission potential are poorly understood. Fluxes measured in situ and estimated under laboratory conditions coupled with -omics analysis indicate (1) mineral cryosols in the Canadian high Arctic contain atmospheric CH₄-oxidizing bacteria; (2) the atmospheric CH⁺ uptake flux increases with ground temperature; and, as a result, (3) the atmospheric CH₄ sink strength will increase by a factor of 5-30 as the Arctic warms by 5-15 °C over a century. We demonstrated that acidic mineral cryosols have previously unrecognized potential of negative CH₄ feedback.

  10. User access to the MAP3S source emissions inventory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benkovitz, C M; Evans, V A

    1981-03-01

    An emissions inventory based on data obtained from the National Emissions Data System (NEDS), the Federal Power Commission (FPC), Environment Canada, and other agencies was compiled by the MAP3S Central Data Coordination at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Pertinent data was brought together, collated, and loaded into computerized data bases using SYSTEM 2000 as the data base management system. These data bases are available to interested users for interactive scanning or batch retrieval. The emissions inventory consists of two distinct sections: a point source inventory and an area source inventory. The point source inventory covers the continental US and Canada; information is kept at the individual source level. The area source inventory covers the continental US; information is kept on a county basis. Work is in progress to obtain a Canadian area source inventory based on census divisions.

  11. Semiconductor Nanotechnology: Novel Materials and Devices for Electronics, Photonics, and Renewable Energy Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodnick, Stephen; Korkin, Anatoli; Krstic, Predrag S; Mascher, Peter; Preston, John; Zaslavsky, Alex

    2010-03-01

    Electronic and photonic information technology and renewable energy alternatives, such as solar energy, fuel cells and batteries, have now reached an advanced stage in their development. Cost-effective improvements to current technological approaches have made great progress, but certain challenges remain. As feature sizes of the latest generations of electronic devices are approaching atomic dimensions, circuit speeds are now being limited by interconnect bottlenecks. This has prompted innovations such as the introduction of new materials into microelectronics manufacturing at an unprecedented rate and alternative technologies to silicon CMOS architectures. Despite the environmental impact of conventional fossil fuel consumption, the low cost of these energy sources has been a long-standing economic barrier to the development of alternative and more efficient renewable energy sources, fuel cells and batteries. In the face of mounting environmental concerns, interest in such alternative energy sources has grown. It is now widely accepted that nanotechnology offers potential solutions for securing future progress in information and energy technologies. The Canadian Semiconductor Technology Conference (CSTC) forum was established 25 years ago in Ottawa as an important symbol of the intrinsic strength of the Canadian semiconductor research and development community, and the Canadian semiconductor industry as a whole. In 2007, the 13th CSTC was held in Montreal, moving for the first time outside the national capital region. The first three meetings in the series of Nano and Giga Challenges in Electronics and Photonics NGCM2002 in Moscow, NGCM2004 in Krakow, and NGC2007 in Phoenix were focused on interdisciplinary research from the fundamentals of materials science to the development of new system architectures. In 2009 NGC2009 and the 14th Canadian Semiconductor Technology Conference (CSTC2009) were held as a joint event, hosted by McMaster University (10 14 August

  12. An active atmospheric methane sink in high Arctic mineral cryosols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lau, Maggie C.Y.; Stackhouse, B.; Layton, Alice C.; Chauhan, Archana; Vishnivetskaya, T. A.; Chourey, Karuna; Mykytczuk, N. C.S.; Bennett, Phil C.; Lamarche-Gagnon, G.; Burton, N.; Renholm, J.; Hettich, R. L.; Pollard, W. H.; Omelon, C. R.; Medvigy, David M.; Pffifner, Susan M.; Whyte, L. G.; Onstott, T. C.

    2015-04-14

    The transition of Arctic carbon-rich cryosols into methane (CH₄)-emitting wetlands due to global warming is a rising concern. However, the spatially predominant mineral cryosols and their CH₄ emission potential are poorly understood. Fluxes measured in situ and estimated under laboratory conditions coupled with -omics analysis indicate (1) mineral cryosols in the Canadian high Arctic contain atmospheric CH₄-oxidizing bacteria; (2) the atmospheric CH⁺ uptake flux increases with ground temperature; and, as a result, (3) the atmospheric CH₄ sink strength will increase by a factor of 5-30 as the Arctic warms by 5-15 °C over a century. We demonstrated that acidic mineral cryosols have previously unrecognized potential of negative CH₄ feedback.

  13. Petroleum Marketing Monthly

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    F.O.B.[a] costs of imported crude oil for selected crude streams dollars per barrel Year quarter month Canadian Lloydminster Iraqi Basrah Light Mexican Mayan Nigerian Qua Iboe Venezuelan Merey 2004 29.31 - 30.11 - - 2005 35.13 - 40.69 - - 2006 44.55 - 51.29 - - 2007 48.54 - 59.96 - - 2008 79.33 - 82.99 - - 2009 50.11 62.98 55.07 65.60 59.89 2010 64.41 74.36 70.36 82.66 70.26 2011 78.41 104.51 98.27 115.82 98.73 2012 77.01 103.17 99.81 115.85 102.04 2013 75.61 99.28 96.87 W 99.26 2014 January W

  14. Is recycling worth the trouble

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boltz, C.M.

    1995-03-01

    A panel of waste industry experts met recently at a Washington, DC, conference to discuss and debate the costs, benefits, and economics of recycling solid waste. The nearly unanimous conclusion from some of the speakers--that recycling, as it is implemented today, has costs that far outweigh its benefits--is evidence of a growing backlash among solid waste officials against a recycling movement they feel has been grossly over-inflated by environmental groups as a solution to a non-existent problem known as the garbage crisis. The public should not place such a strong emphasis on recycling as a cure-all for environmental problems, according to the panel of four waste management policy analysts at The State of Garbage'' session held in mid-January at the 1995 US/Canadian Federation Solid Waste Management Conference. Moreover, some panel members said, recycling should take place only if it makes economic sense.

  15. Precision welding cuts downtime at Grand Coulee Dam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Light, S.; White, E.

    1997-03-01

    The three large 700-MW generators at Grand Coulee Dam--originally built and installed by Canadian General Electric in the late 1970s--are being upgraded using precision welding techniques and leading edge installation technology. These generators suffered from numerous water leaks at and around the bar water connections, resulting in a significant number of forced repair outages that were increasing in frequency. The US Bureau of Reclamation, in conjunction with the Bonneville Power Administration, decided to overhaul these machines. The design from Siemens Power Corp. provided state-of-the-art materials and included a rating increase from 700 to 805 MW, which would make these three machines the highest output single-unit hydrogenerators in the world. The upgrade was to be accomplished with only the replacement of the stator components; there would be no changes to the rotating element. The cost for all three machines is approximately $27.5 million. This project is described in this paper.

  16. Energy consumption in thermomechanical pulping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marton, R.; Tsujimoto, N.; Eskelinen, E.

    1981-08-01

    Various components of refining energy were determined experimentally and compared with those calculated on the basis of the dimensions of morphological elements of wood. The experimentally determined fiberization energy of spruce was 6 to 60 times larger than the calculated value and that of birch 3 to 15 times larger. The energy consumed in reducing the Canadian standard freeness of isolated fibers from 500 to 150 ml was found to be approximately 1/3 of the total fiber development energy for both spruce and birch TMP. Chip size affected the refining energy consumption; the total energy dropped by approximately 30% when chip size was reduced from 16 mm to 3 mm in the case of spruce and approximately 40% for birch. 6 refs.

  17. Workshop on user experience with gas-insulated substations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graybill, H.W.

    1981-12-01

    There is widespread interest among American and Canadian utilities in the interchange of operating and maintenance experience with gas-insulated substations (GIS). Those utilities who do not yet have GIS on their systems are likewise interested in the operating experience of those who do. A two-day workshop on GIS was held in Portland, Oregon, on July 30 and 31, 1981. The first day of the workshop was open to users only, and the agenda for the day consisted of user presentations on the following subjects: GIS station design and layout; specification and acquisition of GIS equipment; installation and commissioning; and operation and maintenance. On the second day, manufacturers were invited to present their experience, status, and progress in recent developments and improvements. The session was concluded with a general discussion of experience, problems, etc. No formal written papers were presented. The highlights of each verbal presentation and of ensuing discussion are presented in this report.

  18. Distributed generation: Early markets for emerging technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lenssen, N.; Cler, G.

    1999-11-01

    How will developers of emerging distributed generation technologies successfully commercialize their products. This paper presents one approach for these developers, borrowing from the experience of other developers of innovative technologies and services. E Source`s analysis suggests, however, that there is already more of a market for distributed generation than is generally recognized. US and Canadian firms already buy about 3,400 megawatts of small generators each year, mostly for backup power but some as the primary power source for selected loads and facilities. This demand is expected to double in 10 years. The global market for small generators is already more than 10 times this size, at some 40,000 megawatts per year, and it is expected to continue growing rapidly, especially in developing nations. Just how the emerging distributed generation technologies, such as microturbines, fuel cells, and Stirling engines compete-or surpass-the conventional technologies will have a huge impact on their eventual commercial success.

  19. Kootenai River Focus Watershed Coordination, 2002-2003 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munson, Bob; Munson, Vicki; Rogers, Rox

    2003-10-01

    The Kootenai River Network Inc. (KRN) was incorporated in Montana in early 1995 with a mission ''to involve stakeholders in the protection and restoration of the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the Kootenai River Basin waters''. The KRN operates with funding from donations, membership dues, private, state and federal grants, and with funding through the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) for a Focus Watershed Coordinator Program. The Focus Watershed Program is administered to KRN as of October 2001, through a Memorandum of Understanding. Katie Randall resigned her position as Watershed Coordinator in late January 2003 and Munson Consulting was contracted to fill that position through the BPA contract period ending May 30, 2003. To improve communications with in the Kootenai River watershed, the board and staff engaged watershed stakeholders in a full day KRN watershed conference on May 15 and 16 in Bonners Ferry, Idaho. This Annual General Meeting was a tremendous success with over 75 participants representing over 40 citizen groups, tribes and state/provincial/federal agencies from throughout northern Montana and Idaho as well as British Columbia and Alberta. Membership in the KRN increased during the course of the BPA 02/03 grant period. The board of directors grew in numbers during this same time frame and an Advisory Council was formed to assist in transboundary efforts while developing two reorganized KRN committees (Habitat/Restoration/Monitoring (HRM) and Communication/Education/Outreach (CEO)). These committees will serve pivotal roles in communications, outreach, and education about watershed issues, as well as habitat restoration work being accomplished throughout the entire watershed. During this BPA grant period, the KRN has capitalized on the transboundary interest in the Kootenai River watershed. Jim and Laura Duncan of Kimberley, British Columbia, have been instrumental volunteers who have acted as Canadian liaisons to the KRN. As a

  20. Proposed amendment for Presidential Permit PP-63 and associated modifications to 500 kV international transmission line, Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada Northern States Power Company. Final Environmental Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01

    Northern States Power Company, (NSP), a Minnesota investor owned utility has applied to the Office of Fossil Energy, United States Department of Energy, to amend Presidential Permit PP-63 to allow for alterations to the 500 kV transmission line and as sedated facilities currently regulated by this permit. The alterations proposed for the 500 kV line owned by NSP are part of a long term effort sponsored by NSP to upgrade the existing NSP transmission system to allow for increased exchange of electricity with the Manitoba Hydro-Electric Board. Presidential Permit PP-63 authorized NSP to construct, connect, operate and maintain a 500 kV line at the United States/Canadian border approximately seven-and-a-half miles west of Warroad in Roseau County, Minnesota. This line connects with a 500 kV line owned and operated by the Manitoba Hydro-Electric Board (MHEB), which extends from Dorsey, Manitoba, Canada to the United States/Canadian border. NSP proposes to increase the electricity transfer capability of this transmission facility by constructing a new 80-acre substation on the existing 500 kV line in Roseau County, Minnesota, and upgrading the existing substation at Forbes, Minnesota. The proposed Roseau substation would contain two 41.5 ohm series capacitor banks. In addition, static VAR compensators are to be installed at the existing Forbes Substation. Approximately 5 acres would be added to the 30-acre Forbes site to house the additional equipment. No new lines would enter or exit the facility. NSP proposes to place the new Roseau Substation in service in May 1993 and to complete the upgrading of the Forbes Substation in March 1994. The primary, initial purpose of these modifications is to enable NSP to import 400 megawatts of electric power from MHEB during the summer months to meet peak electrical demand in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area. It is expected that this power transfer would begin in 1993.