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  1. Azerbaijan-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Azerbaijan-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Azerbaijan-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name Azerbaijan-UNEP Green Economy Advisory...

  2. Petroleum resources of South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program series

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dietzman, W.D.; Rafidi, N.R.

    1983-01-01

    This report is an analysis of discovered crude oil reserves, undiscovered recoverable crude oil resources, and estimated annual oil field production. The countries analyzed are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. All of the countries in this report have a history of petroleum exploration and development. Also, they maintain policies which support the search for, and exploitation of, petroleum resources. This systematic assessment provides estimates of the quantities of remaining known petroleum reserves and undiscovered recoverable resources. The future feasible production rates from the respective countries are also discussed. The FESAP assessments are limited to petroleum resources recoverable by conventional primary and secondary extraction technology. It is estimated that over 29.4 billion barrels of recoverable oil (both discovered and undiscovered) originally existed within the sedimentary basins of these countries, as follows: Argentina (9.4 billion barrels); Brazil (6.5 billion barrels); Colombia (5.0 billion barrels); Peru (3.6 billion barrels); Ecuador (over 3.0 billion barrels); Chile (1.1 billion barrels); and Bolivia (over 0.8 billion barrels). Through 1982, about 10.2 billion barrels of the oil had been produced. Thus, some 19.2 billion barrels constitute the remaining recoverable petroleum resource base. It is estimated that the most likely volume of crude oil remaining to be found in the seven countries is 12 billion barrels. 91 refs., 59 figs., 82 tabs.

  3. Mining machinery/equipment/parts/services. Oil and Gas field equipment/machinery/parts/supplies (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Trinidad and Tobago)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    This 7-part set includes separate reports on market possibilities for field production equipment, drilling equipment, refinery equipment, and auxiliary equipment in the following countries: Argentina, Brazil (2 reports), Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Trinidad and Tobago. Each report has been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  4. Azerbaijan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Profile Name Azerbaijan Population 9,494,600 GDP 73,537,000,000 Energy Consumption 0.68 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code AZ 3-letter ISO code AZE Numeric ISO...

  5. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Brazil

  6. Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan for 2008 Energy Summit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman will lead a Presidential Delegation to Azerbaijan this week to participate in the 2008 Energy Summit hosted by Azerbaijani President Ilham...

  7. Distribution of Radioactive Materials in the Absheron Peninsula, Azerbaijan - 13567

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vandergraaf, Tjalle T.; Mamedov, Gudrat G.; Ramazanov, Mahammadali A.; Badalov, Vatan H.; Naghiyev, Jalal A.; Mehdiyeva, Afat A.

    2013-07-01

    The Absheron Peninsula forms the extreme Eastern part of Azerbaijan and juts into the Caspian Sea. The region has a long history of oil and gas exploration, transport, and processing and includes a number of abandoned chemical plants that were used in the separation of iodine from formation waters. As a result of lax environmental standards during the Soviet era, the industrial activity has led to serious contamination from oils residues, heavy metals and naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM). Radiometric surveys performed over a wide range of the Absheron Peninsula showed generally low NORM concentrations. However, radiation levels two to three orders of magnitude above background levels were detected at two abandoned iodine separation plants near the capital city, Baku. These elevated radiation levels are mainly due to Ra-226 and U-238 with lower contributions from Ra-228 and U-235. (authors)

  8. An Energy Overview of the Republic of Azerbaijan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    anon.

    2004-06-21

    The DOE Office of Fossil Energy had maintained a web site that was meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consisted of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There were also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these was a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Azerbaijan.

  9. Colombia Ministry of Environment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Colombia Ministry of Environment Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Colombia Ministry of Environment Name: Colombia Ministry of Environment Address: Calle 37 No. 8-40 - Bogot,...

  10. Implications of outcrop geology for reservoirs in the Neogene productive series: Apsheron peninsula, Azerbaijan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reynolds, A.D.; Bowman, M.B.J.; Henton, J.

    1998-01-01

    The Neogene sediments of eastern Azerbaijan and western Turkmenistan contain significant hydrocarbon reserves in deltaic reservoirs. Sedimentary logging of these reservoirs at outcrop in Azerbaijan has outlined four facies associations that encompass a range of paleoenvironments, from alluvial braided river sandstones and conglomerates to delta-front siltstones and mudstones. The facies associations suggest a river-dominated braid delta and are arranged into an architecture controlled by base-level changes: parasequences, parasequence sets, and sequence boundaries are key elements. The facies associations and stratigraphic architecture, together with outcrop observations of cementation and faulting, are summarized in terms of four idealized reservoir models: fluvial, delta plain, proximal delta front, and distal delta front. Each reservoir model has distinctive grain-size and shale distributions. Comparison of nearby oil fields with the studied outcrops suggests that the outcrops form good analogs from which to model reservoir architecture, barriers and baffles to fluid flow, reservoir heterogeneity, and reservoir quality variations.

  11. CDM Projects in Colombia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Projects in Colombia Jump to: navigation, search Name CDM Projects in Colombia AgencyCompany Organization C-O2 Sector Energy, Land Topics Finance, Implementation, Market analysis...

  12. Colombia-Cartagena Vulnerability Assessment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Colombia-Cartagena Vulnerability Assessment (Redirected from CDKN-Colombia-Cartagena Vulnerability Assessment) Jump to: navigation, search Name Colombia-CDKN-Cartagena...

  13. Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Destination Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Curacao Cyprus Czech

  14. Total number of slots consumed in long_excl.q (exclusive nodes) will be

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Destination Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Curacao Cyprus Czech

  15. Colombia-The Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Colombia-The Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture Plan Jump to: navigation, search Name Colombia-CDKN-The Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture Plan Agency...

  16. Colombia-Cartagena Vulnerability Assessment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Colombia-Cartagena Vulnerability Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Name Colombia-CDKN-Cartagena Vulnerability Assessment AgencyCompany Organization Climate and Development...

  17. Colombia-The Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Colombia-The Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture Plan (Redirected from CDKN-Colombia-The Development of a Climate Compatible Agriculture Plan) Jump to: navigation,...

  18. Colombia-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Offset Project "The Colombia Rio Frio Carbon Offset Project aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions fro the wastewater treatment sector in Colombia by modernizing the Rio Frio...

  19. IDB-Colombia-Renwable Energy and Energy Efficiency Finance Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    IDB-Colombia-Renwable Energy and Energy Efficiency Finance Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name IDB-Colombia-Renwable Energy and Energy Efficiency Finance Facility Agency...

  20. GEF-Colombia-Geothermal Energy Grant | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Colombia-Geothermal Energy Grant Jump to: navigation, search Name GEF-Colombia-Geothermal Energy Grant AgencyCompany Organization Global Environment Facility (GEF),...

  1. Colombia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tools Climate-Smart Agriculture Country Profiles Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) An Enabling Framework for Wind Power in Colombia:...

  2. Brazil Timber | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Timber Jump to: navigation, search Name: Brazil Timber Place: Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 04562-030 Product: Brazil-based forestry industry consultancy. References: Brazil Timber1...

  3. An Energy Overview of Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    anon.

    2003-10-20

    The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site--each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Colombia. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

  4. Greenergy Brazil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Greenergy Brazil Place: Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil-based biothanol joint venture. References: Greenergy Brazil1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

  5. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Indonesia Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Curacao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt

  6. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Indonesia Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Curacao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt

  7. Colombia-US Forest Service Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    US Forest Service Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Colombia-US Forest Service Program AgencyCompany Organization United States Forest Service Sector Land Focus Area...

  8. Colombia-UNDP Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and adaptation to climate change in the Colombian Massif National awareness campaign on climate change "Fall in love with your Planet", Colombia Strengthening the...

  9. Brazil's biofuels scenario

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DO ETANOL Brazil's biofuels scenario: What are the main drivers which will shape investments in the long term? Artur Yabe Milanez Manager BNDES Biofuels Department LIVRO VERDE ...

  10. AMF Deployment, Manacapuru, Brazil

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in Brazil is the largest broadleaf forest in the world, covering 7 million square kilometers of the Amazon Basin in South America. It represents over half of the planet's...

  11. Southern Colombia's Putumayo basin deserves renewed attention

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthews, A.J. ); Portilla, O. )

    1994-05-23

    The Putumayo basin lies in southern Colombia between the Eastern Cordillera of the Andes and the Guyana-Brazilian shield. It covers about 50,000 sq km between 0--3[degree]N. Lat. and 74--77[degree]W. Long. and extends southward into Ecuador and Peru as the productive Oriente basin. About 3,500 sq km of acreage in the basin is being offered for licensing in the first licensing round by competitive tender. A recent review of the available data from this area by Intera and Ecopetrol suggests that low risk prospects and leads remain to be tested. The paper describes the tectonic setting, stratigraphy, structure, hydrocarbon geology, reservoirs, and trap types.

  12. Production optimization in the Provincia field, Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blann, J.; Jacobson, L.; Faber, C.

    1989-02-01

    Designing or redesigning production facilities for optimum operation usually results in the generation of maximum profit from an installation. But in older fields, or fields where a short life is expected, design changes may not be a viable option. In such cases, obtaining maximum production within the limits of existing facilities, thereby minimizing new investments, may be an attractive option. This paper discusses application of the latter technique in the Provincia field, Colombia, to optimize oil and gas production within constraints imposed by periodic temporary gas-compression-capacity restrictions and by the configuration of existing oil and gas facilities. The multistep optimization program used at Provincia included improvement of individual well performance, optimization of individual well facilities, fieldwide optimization of surface facilities, and optimization of the field production scheme.

  13. Brazil-NETL Advanced Fossil Fuels Partnerships | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazil-NETL Advanced Fossil Fuels Partnerships (Redirected from Brazil-NETL Cooperation) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Brazil-NETL Cooperation Name Brazil-NETL Cooperation...

  14. IPPs in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alqueres, J.L.

    1995-01-01

    Brazil offers a viable opportunity for independent power producers (IPPs). Four areas of the Brazilian power sector may be the potential starting points for an independent power industry. Recent legislation also has opened the doors for IPP activity by allowing companies to form consortia to generate power for their own needs. Another recent decree formed the basis for a grid system to which generators can sell power. This also has laid the groundwork for more clearly defined wheeling charges.

  15. Brasilia, Brazil: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brasilia, Brazil: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Brasilia, Brazil Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 3469058 Coordinates -15.77972, -47.92972 Show Map...

  16. First American Scientific Brazil Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Scientific Brazil Ltda Place: Brazil Product: Joint venture for the manufacture, marketing and operation of 'KDS' pellet-making equipment in Brazil and South America....

  17. Suzlon Energia Eolica do Brazil Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Suzlon Energia Eolica do Brazil Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Suzlon Energia Eolica do Brazil Ltda Place: Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil Zip: 60175-145 Sector: Wind energy...

  18. Brazil-NETL Advanced Fossil Fuels Partnerships | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazil-NETL Advanced Fossil Fuels Partnerships Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Brazil-NETL Cooperation Name Brazil-NETL Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization National Energy...

  19. NREL-Brazil Bilateral Technical Coordination | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazil Bilateral Technical Coordination Jump to: navigation, search Logo: NREL-Brazil Bilateral Technical Coordination Name NREL-Brazil Bilateral Technical Coordination Agency...

  20. U.S. and Colombia to Collaborate on First Solar Decathlon in Latin America

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    | Department of Energy Colombia to Collaborate on First Solar Decathlon in Latin America U.S. and Colombia to Collaborate on First Solar Decathlon in Latin America March 11, 2014 - 8:30am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - This week, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman, Colombia's Minister of Energy and Mines Amylkar Acosta, Mayor of Santiago de Calí Rodrigo Guerrero, and Director of Planning of Colombia Tatyana Orozco signed a Memorandum of Understanding

  1. U.S.-Brazil Strategic Energy Dialogue

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On the occasion of President Obama’s March 2011 visit to Brazil, President Dilma Rousseff of Brazil and he announced the creation of a Strategic Energy Dialogue (SED) to support the two countries’...

  2. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to Brazil (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Brazil

  3. US-Brazil Memoradum of Understanding | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    US-Brazil Memoradum of Understanding US-Brazil Memoradum of Understanding US-Brazil Memoradum of Understanding prepared as part of the International Partnership for a Hydrogen Economy brazil_us_mou_statement.pdf (51.13 KB) More Documents & Publications Summary of the meeting between the the United States of America and the Federative Republic of Brazil On the Strategic Energy Dialogue U.S.-Brazil Strategic Energy Dialogue Joint Report U.S.-Brazil Binational Joint

  4. Microsoft Word - 122006 - Mirant Potomac River LLC - Monthly...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ... Carolina Ohio Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina Texas Virginia Washington Wisconsin Azerbaijan Belgium Bolivia Brazil China England France Germany Ireland Italy Japan ...

  5. BioClean Energy Brazil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazil Place: Luis Eduardo Magalhaes, Bahia, Brazil Zip: 47.850-000 Product: Brazillian biodiesel producer. References: BioClean Energy Brazil1 This article is a stub. You can...

  6. Bolivia-Brazil gas pipeline about to take off; seen as litmus test for Southern Cone gas grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-07

    After more than 4 decades of studies, plans, and shelved projects, the proposed Bolivia-Brazil gas pipeline is finally about to get off the ground. The 3,700 km gas pipeline will require an investment of at least $2 billion and is viewed by many as a litmus test for the developing gas market and energy integration of South America`s Southern Cone countries. Overall, industry officials see eventual emergence of two large integrated gas grids serving South America: one for the northern countries and another for the Southern Cone. This will enable the six countries with gas surplus to their needs to export the surplus to neighboring, gas-short countries. The northern gas-long countries are Venezuela, Colombia, and Trinidad and Tobago; those in the Southern Cone are Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru. The paper discusses financial details, project details, pipeline construction, the Petrobras strategy, Argentine pipeline projects, and other pipeline proposals.

  7. Brazil Interministerial Commission on Global Climate Change ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Interministerial Commission on Global Climate Change Jump to: navigation, search Name: Brazil Interministerial Commission on Global Climate Change Place: Distrito Federal...

  8. Wind Energy Atlas of Brazil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Atlas of Brazil Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Wind Energy Atlas of Brazil Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Website:...

  9. NREL-United States/Brazil Bioenergy Technical Workshop | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United StatesBrazil Bioenergy Technical Workshop Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: NREL-United StatesBrazil Bioenergy Technical Workshop AgencyCompany...

  10. Brazil-US Lab Consortium Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lab Consortium Activities Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Brazil-US Lab Consortium Activities Name Brazil-US Lab Consortium Activities AgencyCompany Organization U.S....

  11. File:NREL-brazil-dir.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    brazil-dir.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Brazil - Annual Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 600 pixels. Full resolution...

  12. Pacific Hydro Brazil formerly SES Solu es de Energias Sustent...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hydro Brazil formerly SES Solu es de Energias Sustent veis Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pacific Hydro Brazil (formerly SES - Solues de Energias Sustentveis) Place:...

  13. Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...

  14. Brazil-NREL Biofuels and EERE Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NREL Biofuels and EERE Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Logo: US-Brazil Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Innovation Partnerships Name US-Brazil Energy Efficiency and...

  15. Environmental impact assessment in Colombia: Critical analysis and proposals for improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toro, Javier; Requena, Ignacio; Zamorano, Montserrat

    2010-07-15

    The evaluation of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) systems is a highly recommended strategy for enhancing their effectiveness and quality. This paper describes an evaluation of EIA in Colombia, using the model and the control mechanisms proposed and applied in other countries by Christopher Wood and Ortolano. The evaluation criteria used are based on Principles of Environmental Impact Assessment Best Practice, such as effectiveness and control features, and they were contrasted with the opinions of a panel of Colombian EIA experts as a means of validating the results of the study. The results found that EIA regulations in Colombia were ineffective because of limited scope, inadequate administrative support and the inexistence of effective control mechanisms and public participation. This analysis resulted in a series of recommendations regarding the further development of the EIA system in Colombia with a view to improving its quality and effectiveness.

  16. Brazil Technology Center | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biofuels Research at GE's Brazil Technology Center Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Biofuels Research at GE's Brazil Technology Center Clayton Zabeu, leader of Brazil Technology Center's Biofuels Center of Excellence, talks about the main objectives of the research programs that will drive the development

  17. Brazil Ethanol Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ethanol Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Brazil Ethanol Inc. Place: New York, New York Zip: 10021 Product: A New York City-based firm that had raised USD 10.4m as of 1 May...

  18. US-Brazil Memoradum of Understanding

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    BETWEEN THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE MINISTRY OF MINES AND ENERGY OF THE FEDERATIVE REPUBLIC OF BRAZIL FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A MECHANISM FOR CONSULTATIONS ON ENERGY COOPERATION. The Department of Energy of the United States of America and the Ministry of Mines and Energy of the Federative Republic of Brazil (hereinafter referred to as the Participants), Bearing in mind the importance for both Participants of developing reliable and diversified sources of

  19. Mercury levels in muscle of some fish species from the Dique Channel, Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olivero, J.; Navas, V.; Perez, A.

    1997-06-01

    Gold mining is an activity that has been increasing during the last ten years in Colombia. Most mining activities are carried out using mercury for gold amalgamation. In a recent publication we stated that in the Sur de Bolivar, the main gold mining zone in Colombia, the highest mercury concentration in hair was observed in fishermen. The Magdalena River, the largest and most important river in Colombia, receives all this contamination and carries it to the Atlantic Ocean through two means: The main river course and the Dique Channel. The Dique Channel is surrounded by many marshes, which are a major source of fish for nearly two hundred thousands people in northwestern Colombia. The goal of the present study was to determine, for the first time, the content of mercury in muscle tissue of the four most popular fish species purchased in some towns along the Dique Channel, to establish whether these concentrations fall within the WHO guidelines, and to identify those species which can be consumed with less risk. 11 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  20. Achieving CO2 reductions in Colombia: Effects of carbon taxes and abatement targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calderón, Silvia; Alvarez, Andres Camilo; Loboguerrero, Ana Maria; Arango, Santiago; Calvin, Katherine; Kober, Tom; Daenzer, Kathryn; Fisher-Vanden, Karen

    2015-06-03

    In this paper we investigate CO2 emission scenarios for Colombia and the effects of implementing carbon taxes and abatement targets on the energy system. By comparing baseline and policy scenario results from two integrated assessment partial equilibrium models TIAM-ECN and GCAM and two general equilibrium models Phoenix and MEG4C, we provide an indication of future developments and dynamics in the Colombian energy system. Currently, the carbon intensity of the energy system in Colombia is low compared to other countries in Latin America. However, this trend may change given the projected rapid growth of the economy and the potential increase in the use of carbon-based technologies. Climate policy in Colombia is under development and has yet to consider economic instruments such as taxes and abatement targets. This paper shows how taxes or abatement targets can achieve significant CO2 reductions in Colombia. Though abatement may be achieved through different pathways, taxes and targets promote the entry of cleaner energy sources into the market and reduce final energy demand through energy efficiency improvements and other demand-side responses. The electric power sector plays an important role in achieving CO2 emission reductions in Colombia, through the increase of hydropower, the introduction of wind technologies, and the deployment of biomass, coal and natural gas with CO2 capture and storage (CCS). Uncertainty over the prevailing mitigation pathway reinforces the importance of climate policy to guide sectors toward low-carbon technologies. This paper also assesses the economy-wide implications of mitigation policies such as potential losses in GDP and consumption. As a result, an assessment of the legal, institutional, social and environmental barriers to economy-wide mitigation policies is critical yet beyond the scope of this paper.

  1. Achieving CO2 reductions in Colombia: Effects of carbon taxes and abatement targets

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Calderón, Silvia; Alvarez, Andres Camilo; Loboguerrero, Ana Maria; Arango, Santiago; Calvin, Katherine; Kober, Tom; Daenzer, Kathryn; Fisher-Vanden, Karen

    2015-06-03

    In this paper we investigate CO2 emission scenarios for Colombia and the effects of implementing carbon taxes and abatement targets on the energy system. By comparing baseline and policy scenario results from two integrated assessment partial equilibrium models TIAM-ECN and GCAM and two general equilibrium models Phoenix and MEG4C, we provide an indication of future developments and dynamics in the Colombian energy system. Currently, the carbon intensity of the energy system in Colombia is low compared to other countries in Latin America. However, this trend may change given the projected rapid growth of the economy and the potential increase inmore » the use of carbon-based technologies. Climate policy in Colombia is under development and has yet to consider economic instruments such as taxes and abatement targets. This paper shows how taxes or abatement targets can achieve significant CO2 reductions in Colombia. Though abatement may be achieved through different pathways, taxes and targets promote the entry of cleaner energy sources into the market and reduce final energy demand through energy efficiency improvements and other demand-side responses. The electric power sector plays an important role in achieving CO2 emission reductions in Colombia, through the increase of hydropower, the introduction of wind technologies, and the deployment of biomass, coal and natural gas with CO2 capture and storage (CCS). Uncertainty over the prevailing mitigation pathway reinforces the importance of climate policy to guide sectors toward low-carbon technologies. This paper also assesses the economy-wide implications of mitigation policies such as potential losses in GDP and consumption. As a result, an assessment of the legal, institutional, social and environmental barriers to economy-wide mitigation policies is critical yet beyond the scope of this paper.« less

  2. File:NREL-brazil-glo.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    File Edit with form History File:NREL-brazil-glo.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Brazil - Annual Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Size of this...

  3. U.S.-Brazil Strategic Energy Dialogue Joint Report | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Dialogue Joint Report U.S.-Brazil Strategic Energy Dialogue Joint Report PDF icon First Joint Report to Presidents on U.S.-Brazil Strategic Energy Dialogue.pdf More Documents &...

  4. So Paulo, Brazil: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    So Paulo, Brazil: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name So Paulo, Brazil Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 3448439 Advanced Economy1 No Coordinates -23.473293,...

  5. US/Brazil joint pilot project objectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-01

    This paper describes a joint US/Brazil pilot project for rural electrification, whose major goals are: to establish technical, institutional, and economic confidence in using renewable energy (PV and wind) to meet the needs of the citizens of rural Brazil; to establish on-going institutional, individual and business relationships necessary to implement sustainable programs and commitments; to lay the groundwork for larger scale rural electrification through the use of distributed renewable technologies. The projects have supported low power home lighting systems, lighting and refrigeration for schools and medical centers, and water pumping systems. This is viewed as a long term project, where much of the equipment will come from the US, but Brazil will be responsible for program management, and sharing data gained from the program. The paper describes in detail the Brazilian program which was instituted to support this phased project.

  6. Bolivia-Brazil gas line route detailed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-11

    This paper reports that state oil companies of Brazil and Bolivia have signed an agreement outlining the route for a 2,270 km pipeline system to deliver natural gas from Bolivian fields to Southeast Brazil. The two sides currently are negotiating details about construction costs as well as contract volumes and prices. Capacity is projected at 283-565 MMcfd. No official details are available, but Roberto Y. Hukai, a director of the Sao Paulo engineering company Jaako Poyry/Technoplan, estimates transportation cost of the Bolivian gas at 90 cents/MMBTU. That would be competitive with the price of gas delivered to the Sao Paulo gas utility Comgas, he the. Brazil's Petroleos Brasileiro SA estimates construction of the pipeline on the Brazilian side alone with cost $1.2-1.4 billion. Bolivia's Yacimientos Petroliferos Fiscales Bolivianos (YPFB) is negotiating with private domestic and foreign investors for construction of the Bolivian portion of the project.

  7. Solimoes megashear: Intraplate tectonics in northwestern Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caputo, M.V. )

    1991-03-01

    A belt of deformation in the Solimoes basin of northwestern Brazil extends east-northeast from near the Peruvian border for about 1300 km. The belt is characterized by the en echelon arrangement of folds and faults interpreted as the result of right-slip displacements in a transpressive regime. The structures were formed during Late Jurassic time, probably due to collision of South America with allochthonous terranes as the opening of the South Atlantic Ocean began. The Iquitos arch near the western end of the megashear separates the Solimoes basin from Subandean basins. The development of the Iquitos arch is interpreted to be related to orogenic loading along western South America by the Andean mountain belt. In Brazil, folds and faults associated with the Solimoes megashear hold hydrocarbons within Paleozoic strata, and 15 gas and oil fields have so far been discovered.

  8. Brazil-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-Low Carbon Growth Planning Support AgencyCompany Organization ClimateWorks, Project...

  9. U.S. and Brazil Bilateral Collaboration on Biofuels

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    U.S. and Brazil Bilateral Collaboration on Biofuels Global Solutions for Global ... blending with gasoline Ethanol for pure biofuels U.S. EIA, Biofuels Issues and Trends, ...

  10. Brazil's Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in Bioenergy Brazil's Biofuels Scenario: What are the Main Drivers Which will Shape Investments in the Long Term? Artur Milanez, Manager of Biofuels Department, Brazilian ...

  11. Brazil-US EPA Environmental Management Activities | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name Brazil-US EPA Program AgencyCompany Organization United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis Website...

  12. Brazil-Quantifying Emission Reduction Opportunities in Emerging...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in particular around the Copenhagen climate conference of December 2009. Brazil, China, India, Mexico, South Africa and South Korea are responsible for about two thirds...

  13. Brazil-CCAP Developing Country Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China, India and Mexico. Indonesia was recently added to this project." Brazil Outcomes, Lessons Learned and Good Practices Phase 1 Country Report Synthesis Report Phase 2 Key...

  14. Brazil-REEEP Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Goal Financing Facility (MDGFF) ? Participatory Business Planning Scale-up of Gold Standard expertise in emerging markets Support the Implementation of Brazil...

  15. US - Brazil Binational Energy Working Group Joint Action Plan...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    brazilactionplan7202010.pdf More Documents & Publications U.S.-Brazil Binational Joint Action Plan Webtrends Archives by Fiscal Year - International Activities EIS-0309: Record...

  16. Brazil-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-USAID Climate Activities AgencyCompany Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land...

  17. MHK Projects/GCK Technology Amazon River Brazil | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Amazon River Brazil < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP...

  18. Brazil-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Danish Government Baseline Workstream Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-Danish Government Baseline Workstream AgencyCompany Organization Danish Government Partner Danish...

  19. File:BrazilTMYst 238.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    238.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Meteorology: map of Brazil selected meteorological stations and elevation from NREL Size of this preview: 776 ...

  20. U.S. and Brazil Bilateral Collaboration on Biofuels | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Program-hosted International webinar on the U.S.-Brazil bilateral collaboration on biofuels. chum2012webinar.pdf More Documents & Publications Summary of the meeting between...

  1. Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Standards for Refrigerators in Brazil: A Methodology for Impact Evaluation Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Efficiency Standards for Refrigerators...

  2. Brazil National Plan on Climate Change (PNMC) | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    National Plan on Climate Change (PNMC) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Brazil National Plan on Climate Change (PNMC) AgencyCompany Organization:...

  3. Brazil-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization...

  4. China Brazil Center on Climate Change and Energy Technology Innovation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Center on Climate Change and Energy Technology Innovation Jump to: navigation, search Name: China-Brazil Center on Climate Change and Energy Technology Innovation Place: Beijing...

  5. Floating production unit to work off Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-19

    This paper reports that Petroleo Brasileiro SA expects by early November to deploy its Petrobras XXIV floating production unit (FPU) in about 900 ft of water in Albacora field off Brazil. The FPU was scheduled to depart Galveston, Tex., this month, following completion of modifications and upgrades under a turnkey contract with Chiles Offshore International Inc. Chiles began modifying Petrobras XXIV about 1 year ago as part of a deal closed in October 1991 in which Chiles Offshore Corp. sold the vessel, then known as Intrepid, to Brasoil, the international subsidiary of Petrobras.

  6. Foam pigs solve pipe cleaning problems offshore Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lima, P.C.R.; Neto, S.J.A.

    1995-10-02

    Pipeline systems in which conventional pigs cannot be run are common in such complex offshore installations as are found in Brazil`s Campos basin. These systems may contain changing pipe diameters or wet christmas trees and manifolds. A new concept for using low cost, low-density foam pigs for both liquid removal in wet-gas pipelines and paraffin removal in oil and multiphase pipelines has been successfully tested offshore Brazil. Although the present discussion focuses on condensate and paraffin removal in pipelines, the principles can be applied to several kinds of operations including general pipeline cleaning, product removal or separation in pipeline, corrosion evaluation, and chemical product application.

  7. Biofuel Research at Brazil Center of Excellence | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biofuel Research at Brazil Center of Excellence Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) ...

  8. Strategic Energy Dialogue With Brazil Promotes Mutual Prosperity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    As the two largest economies and the two largest democracies in the Western Hemisphere, the United States and Brazil share many common values and common interests. Across a broad ...

  9. U.S.-Brazil Binational Joint Action Plan | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    -Brazil Binational Joint Action Plan U.S.-Brazil Binational Joint Action Plan U.S.-Brazil Binational Energy Working Group, formed on July 20, 2010, when DOE and the Brazilian Ministry of Mines and Energy signed a Joint Action Plan brazil_actionplan_7202010.pdf (1.41 MB) More Documents & Publications US - Brazil Binational Energy Working Group Joint Action Plan U.S.-Brazil Strategic Energy Dialogue Joint Report Summary of the meeting between the the United States of America and the Federative

  10. OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica,...

  11. Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica,...

  12. OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica,...

  13. Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica,...

  14. Energy Technology Systems Analysis Program (MARKAL) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Switzerland, Albania, Australia, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Colombia, Croatia, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, New Zealand, China, Philippines,...

  15. Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union,...

  16. Slide 1

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Antonio, TX Agreements for Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation * Argentina * Australia * Bangladesh * Brazil * Canada * China * Colombia * Egypt * EURATOM * IAEA * Indonesia * Japan *...

  17. Microsoft PowerPoint - 2_MITCH_HEMBREE_NMMSS_2014_Obligations...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Bangladesh Brazil Canada China Colombia Egypt European Atomic ... Euratom 34 Japan 35 People's Republic of China 37 Switzerland 38 Argentina 39 Brazil 40 ...

  18. OAS Support for the Implementation of the US-Brazil Biofuels...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    OAS Support for the Implementation of the US-Brazil Biofuels Bilateral Agreement Jump to: navigation, search Name OAS Support for the Implementation of the US-Brazil Biofuels...

  19. Brazil advances subsea technology in Marlim pilot

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-03-29

    Petroleum Brasileiro SA has extended several water depth records for subsea technology during a pilot project in giant Marlim oil field in the Campos basin off Brazil. Petrobras finished the 10 well Marlim pilot last December. The field's pilot phase was intended to begin early production and enable Petrobras to gather more reservoir data. Ten satellite wells, including two prepilot wells, were completed during the Marlim pilot phase with guidelineless (GLL) wet christmas trees designed and fabricated by FMC Corp., Houston, and CBV Industrial Mechanic SA, Rio de Janeiro. The subsea wells are producing 52,000 b/d of oil and 21.19 MMCfd of gas in water depths of 1,847-2,562 ft. Marlim pilot well flow is routed to a permanent semisubmersible floating production system (FPS). Oil moves from the FPS to a monobuoy that offloads to a shuttle tanker. In addition to marking the first successful uses of purpose-built GLL wet trees, FMC said the Marlim pilot project allowed GLL subsea technology to evolve from conceptual status into a proven deepwater completion method. The paper describes the project.

  20. U.S. and Brazil Bilateral Collaboration on Biofuels | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Brazil Bilateral Collaboration on Biofuels U.S. and Brazil Bilateral Collaboration on Biofuels Helena Chum, NREL, presentation at the December 5, 2012, Biomass Program-hosted International webinar on the U.S.-Brazil bilateral collaboration on biofuels. chum_2012_webinar.pdf (1.41 MB) More Documents & Publications Summary of the meeting between the the United States of America and the Federative Republic of Brazil On the Strategic Energy Dialogue 2013 Peer Review Presentations-Bio-oil The

  1. Meeting Energy Needs in Brazil |GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Looking a Decade Ahead: Electrical Power Generation in Brazil Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Looking a Decade Ahead: Electrical Power Generation in Brazil Ricardo Hernandez Pereira 2014.11.03 In the Bioenergy Systems Organization at GE Global Research - Rio de Janeiro (GRC-R), we research both new

  2. GE Global Research in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil With a focus on efficient and integrated systems, this center is challenging the status quo in established industries. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Visit the Careers page to search and apply for Global Research jobs in Rio de Janeiro. We also welcome

  3. CENTRAL STORAGE FACILITY PROJECT IN COLOMBIA TO PROVIDE THE SAFE STORAGE AND PROTECTION OF HIGH-ACTIVITY RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenberg, Raymond; Wright, Kyle A.; McCaw, Erica E.; Vallejo, Jorge

    2009-10-07

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) reduces and protects vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide. Internationally, over 40 countries are cooperating with GTRI to enhance the security of these materials. The GTRI program has worked successfully with foreign countries to remove and protect nuclear and radioactive materials, including orphaned and disused high-activity sources. GTRI began cooperation with the Republic of Colombia in April 2004. This cooperation has been a resounding success by securing forty high-risk sites, consolidating disused/orphan sources at an interim secure national storage facility, and developing a comprehensive approach to security, training, and sustainability. In 2005 the Colombian Ministry of Mines and Energy requested the Department of Energys support in the construction of a new Central Storage Facility (CSF). In December 2005, the Ministry selected to construct this facility at the Institute of Geology and Mining (Ingeominas) site in Bogota. This site already served as Colombias national repository, where disused sources were housed in various buildings around the complex. The CSF project was placed under contract in May 2006, but environmental issues and public protests, which led to a class action lawsuit against the Colombian Government, forced the Ministry to quickly suspend activities, thereby placing the project in jeopardy. Despite these challenges, however, the Ministry of Mines and Energy worked closely with public and environmental authorities to resolve these issues, and continued to be a strong advocate of the GTRI program. In June 2008, the Ministry of Mines and Energy was granted the construction and environmental licenses. As a result, construction immediately resumed and the CSF was completed by December 2008. A commissioning ceremony was held for the new facility in January 2009, which was attended by representatives from the Department of Energy, U.S. Embassy, and

  4. Itaipu: never underestimate the Latins. [Paraguay/Brazil binational project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-04-06

    The Itaipu hydroelectric project, a joint effort of Brazil and Paraguay (with a cost of US $16 to 18 billion), will be finished in December 1989. The project is situated on the Parana River, 14 km beyond the Puente de da Amistad (Friendship Bridge), which connects the city Presidente Stroessner, in Paraguay, with Foz do Iguacu, in Brazil. It is considered today not only the biggest hydroelectric plant in the world, but also a great socio-economic boom in the making. Itaipu will add a total of 12.6-million kilowatt-hours (kWh) of hydroelectricity to the region, an equivalent of 600,000 barrels of oil daily (b/d). This issue of Energy Detente reviews the progress of Itaipu. Also appearing in this issue is the fuel price/tax series and the principal industrial fuel prices for April 1983 for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere.

  5. U.S. Energy Deputy Secretary Poneman, Brazil's Deputy Minister of Mines

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Energy Zimmermann Sign Advance Bilateral Energy Relationship | Department of Energy Deputy Secretary Poneman, Brazil's Deputy Minister of Mines and Energy Zimmermann Sign Advance Bilateral Energy Relationship U.S. Energy Deputy Secretary Poneman, Brazil's Deputy Minister of Mines and Energy Zimmermann Sign Advance Bilateral Energy Relationship March 20, 2013 - 4:34pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 JOINT STATEMENT Brasilia, Brazil - U.S. Energy Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman

  6. Brazil-IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-IEA Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization International Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus...

  7. GE Opens New Global R&D Center in Brazil - GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Offshore Drilling with BG Group - Offshore drilling increases in complexity and cost as exploration and production activity goes deeper. In Brazil's thick pre-salt layer, extremely ...

  8. Nuclear rapprochement in Argentina and Brazil: Workshop summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James E. Doyle

    1999-10-01

    On October 21 and 22, 1998, the Center for International Security Affairs at Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Center for Global Security and Cooperation at Science Applications International Corporation hosted the first of a series of work-shops on states that have chosen to roll back their pursuit of nuclear arms. The objective of the workshop series is to conduct a systematic evaluation of the roles played by U.S. nonproliferation policy in cases of nuclear rollback or restraint and to provide recommendations for future nonproliferation efforts based on lessons learned. Key attendees at the workshop included officials and former officials from the foreign ministries of Argentina and Brazil, and current and former officials from the U.S. Department of State, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), and the Department of Energy (DOE). Scholars and independent researchers who have examined nuclear policy in Argentina and Brazil also participated. This workshop report includes important background information that helps set the stage for assessing nuclear policies in Argentina and Brazil. It describes national perspectives and areas of consensus and debate among the participants, particularly on the questions of lessons learned and their salience to proliferation challenges in other states. It also summarizes key questions and propositions regarding the roles played in these cases by U.S. nonproliferation policy.

  9. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Brazil (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2016 0 1,993 3,27

  10. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to Brazil (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Brazil (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Vessel to Brazil (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2016 -- 3.54 3.83

  11. Conservation potential of compact fluorescent lamps in India and Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gadgil, A.; Martino Jannuzzi, G. de (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA); Universidade Estadual de Campinas, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia)

    1989-07-01

    We evaluate the conservation potential of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) for managing the rapidly increasing electrical energy and peak demand in India and Brazil. Using very conservative assumptions, we find that the cost of conserved energy using 16 W CFLs is 4 and 6 times less than the long range marginal cost of electricity for the two countries. The cost of avoided peak installed capacity is 6 and 9.5 times less than the cost of new installed capacity for India and Brazil. The analysis is undertaken from the three separate perspectives of the national economies, the consumers, and the utilities. We find that because residential electricity is subsidized, the consumers have little or no incentive to purchase and install the CFLs, unless they too are subsidized. However, the benefits of CFL installation to the utility are so large that subsidizing them is a paying proposition for the utility are so large that subsidizing them is a paying proposition for the utility in almost all cases. As an illustration of a gradual introduction strategy for CFLs, we calculate a scenario where national savings of the order of US $1.2 million per day for India and US $2.5 million per day for Brazil are reached in 10 years by a small and gradual transfer of subsidy from residential electricity to CFLs. We then explore the barriers to immediate large scale introduction of these lamps in the two countries. Specific technical and marketing problems are identified and discussed, which would require solution before such an introduction can be attempted. Lastly, we discuss the range of policy instruments, in addition to a subsidy scheme, that can be used for promoting the diffusion of these lamps in the domestic and commercial sector. 47 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

  12. Secretary Bodman to Lead Presidential Delegation to Baku, Azerbaijan...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and the U.S. delegation - including U.S. Special Envoy for Eurasian Energy C. Boyden Gray and U.S. Ambassador to Baku Anne Derse - will take part in a number of bilateral ...

  13. Brazil and the electrical interconnections in the Mercosul Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alqueres, J.L.

    1994-06-01

    This article describes the state of relations among the four countries that form Mercosul, the common market that is being formed by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay, and the prospects for expansion of international electric energy commerce and exchanges in that region. The first part presents the main supply facilities already available, including hydroelectric power plants, power stations, frequency conversion stations, and transmission lines. The second part focuses on the status of the Brazilian electric power sector and analyzes some of its features that are considered to be an incentive to the expansion of the electric energy international commerce in the Mercosul region.

  14. Joint Statement on Brazil-United States Energy Meeting | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy on Brazil-United States Energy Meeting Joint Statement on Brazil-United States Energy Meeting August 6, 2008 - 2:40pm Addthis Brasília, August 5, 2008 BRASILIA, BRAZIL -- Brazilian Mines and Energy Minister Edison Lobão and United States Acting Deputy Secretary of Energy Jeffrey Kupfer met today for the first time in recognition of the important role each nation plays in promoting safe, reliable, clean, affordable, and diverse energy supplies and reaffirming the strong relationship

  15. Preliminary assessment of potential CDM early start projects in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S.; Sathaye, J.; Lehman, B.; Schumacher, K.; van Vliet, O.; Moreira, J.R.

    2000-11-01

    The Brazil/US Aspen Global Forum on Climate Change Policies and Programs has facilitated a dialogue between key Brazil and US public and private sector leaders on the subject of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). With support from the US government, a cooperative effort between Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of Sao Paulo conducted an assessment of a number of projects put forth by Brazilian sponsors. Initially, we gathered information and conducted a screening assessment for ten projects in the energy sector and six projects in the forestry sector. Some of the projects appeared to offer greater potential to be attractive for CDM, or had better information available. We then conducted a more detailed assessment of 12 of these projects, and two other projects that were submitted after the initial screening. An important goal was to assess the potential impact of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) on the financial performance of projects. With the exception of the two forestry-based fuel displacement projects, the impact of CERs on the internal rate of return (IRR) is fairly small. This is true for both the projects that displace grid electricity and those that displace local (diesel-based) electricity production. The relative effect of CERs is greater for projects whose IRR without CERs is low. CERs have a substantial effect on the IRR of the two short-rotation forestry energy substitution projects. One reason is that the biofuel displaces coke and oil, both of which are carbon-intensive. Another factor is that the product of these projects (charcoal and woodfuel, respectively) is relatively low value, so the revenue from carbon credits has a strong relative impact. CERs also have a substantial effect on the NPV of the carbon sequestration projects. Financial and other barriers pose a challenge for implementation of most of the projects. In most cases, the sponsor lacks sufficient capital, and loans are available only at high interest

  16. Multiple plates subducting beneath Colombia, as illuminated by seismicity and velocity from the joint inversion of seismic and gravity data

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Syracuse, Ellen M.; Maceira, Monica; Prieto, German A.; Zhang, Haijiang; Ammon, Charles J.

    2016-04-12

    Subduction beneath the northernmost Andes in Colombia is complex. Based on seismicity distributions, multiple segments of slab appear to be subducting, and arc volcanism ceases north of 5° N. Here, we illuminate the subduction system through hypocentral relocations and Vp and Vs models resulting from the joint inversion of local body wave arrivals, surface wave dispersion measurements, and gravity data. The simultaneous use of multiple data types takes advantage of the differing sensitivities of each data type, resulting in velocity models that have improved resolution at both shallower and deeper depths than would result from traditional travel time tomography alone.more » The relocated earthquake dataset and velocity model clearly indicate a tear in the Nazca slab at 5° N, corresponding to a 250-km shift in slab seismicity and the termination of arc volcanism. North of this tear, the slab is flat, and it comprises slabs of two sources: the Nazca and Caribbean plates. The Bucaramanga nest, a small region of among the most intense intermediate-depth seismicity globally, is associated with the boundary between these two plates and possibly with a zone of melting or elevated water content, based on reduced Vp and increased Vp/Vs. As a result, we also use relocated seismicity to identify two new faults in the South American plate, one related to plate convergence and one highlighted by induced seismicity.« less

  17. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    11:48:48 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0ERENUS-NBRMMCF" "Date","Liquefied U.S....

  18. Deputy Secretary Sherwood-Randall Co-Chairs the U.S.-Brazil Strategic Energy Dialogue

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The United States of America and the Federative Republic of Brazil reaffirmed their shared commitment to joint energy and science cooperation and to the exchange of ideas during the third plenary...

  19. Brazil-Pathways to a Low Carbon Economy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pathways to a Low Carbon Economy Jump to: navigation, search Name Pathways to a Low Carbon Economy for Brazil AgencyCompany Organization McKinsey and Company Topics...

  20. FOSTERING MULTI-LATERAL COOPERATION BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF MEXICO, COLOMBIA, AND THE UNITED STATES TO ENHANCE THE PROTECTION OF HIGH-ACTIVITY RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, Nicholas; Watson, Erica E.; Wright, Kyle A.

    2009-10-07

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) reduces and protects vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide from sabotage, theft or diversion. The GTRI program has worked successfully with foreign countries to remove and protect nuclear and radioactive materials including high-activity sources used in medical, commercial, and research applications. There are many barriers to successful bilateral cooperation that must be overcome including language, preconceived perceptions, long distances, and different views on the threat and protection requirements. Successful cooperation is often based on relationships and building trusting relationships takes time. In the case of Mexico, GTRI first made contact in 2005. The project then lost momentum and stalled. At the same time, GTRIs cooperation with the Republic of Colombia was a resounding success resulting in the securing of forty sites; the consolidation of numerous disused/orphan sources at a secure national storage facility; and, the development of a comprehensive approach to security including, inter alia, training and sustainability. The government of Colombia also showcased this comprehensive approach to thirteen Central American and Caribbean countries at a GTRI regional security conference held in Panama in October 2004. Representatives from the Colombian government were aware of GTRIs interest in initiating cooperation with the Government of Mexico and to facilitate this cooperation, they offered to invite their Mexican counterparts to Colombia to observe its successful cooperation with GTRI. Shortly after that visit, the Government of Mexico agreed to move forward and requested that the cooperative efforts in Mexico be performed in a tripartite manner, leveraging the skills, experience, and resources of the Colombians. As a result, 22 of Mexicos largest radioactive sites have had security upgrades in place within 18 months of cooperation.

  1. FOSTERING MULTI-LATERAL COOPERATION BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, COLOMBIA, AND THE UNITED STATES TO ENHANCE THE PROTECTION OF HIGH-ACTIVITY RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, Nicholas; McCaw, Erica E.; Wright, Kyle A.; Medina, Maximo

    2009-10-06

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) reduces and protects vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide from sabotage, theft or diversion. The GTRI has worked successfully with foreign countries to remove and protect nuclear and radioactive materials including high-activity sources used in medical, commercial, and research applications. There are many barriers to successful bilateral cooperation that must be overcome including language, preconceived perceptions, long distances, and different views on the threat and protection requirements. Successful cooperation is often based on relationships and building trusting relationships takes time. In the case of Dominican Republic, the GTRI first received contact in 2008 from the Government of Dominican Republic. They requested cooperation that was similar to the tri-partite cooperation between Colombia, Mexico and the United States. Throughout the region it was widely known that the GTRIs cooperation with the Government of Colombia was a resounding success resulting in the securing of forty sites; the consolidation of numerous disused/orphan sources at a secure national storage facility; and, the development of a comprehensive approach to security including, inter alia, training and sustainability. The Government of Colombia also showcased this comprehensive approach to thirteen Central American and Caribbean countries at a GTRI regional security conference held in Panama in October 2004. In 2007, Colombia was an integral component of GTRI multi-lateral cooperation initiation in Mexico. As a result, twenty two of Mexicos largest radioactive sites have been upgraded in the past eighteen months. These two endeavors served as catalysts for cooperation opportunities in the Dominican Republic. Representatives from the Colombian government were aware of GTRIs interest in initiating cooperation with the Government of Dominican Republic and to facilitate this cooperation, they

  2. Obligations Notification Cycle and New Obligations Presentation

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... 37 Czech Republic 36 People's Republic of China 35 Japan 34 Euratom 33 Canada 32 Australia ... Bangladesh * Brazil * Bulgaria * Canada * China * Colombia * Czech Republic * Egypt * ...

  3. 123 Agreements for Peaceful Cooperation | National Nuclear Security...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    States that have Agreements for Cooperation with the United States: Argentina Australia Brazil Canada China Colombia Egypt European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom)1 International ...

  4. Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.ecpamericas.org Program Start 2010 Country Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, United States South...

  5. Peru-Planning for Climate Change (PlanCC) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    part of the MAPS program, a collaboration between developing countries (South Africa, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Peru) to support the establishment of an evidence base...

  6. Methanol market slowly tightens as Brazil starts soaking up material

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, I.

    1992-11-25

    Although the US methanol market's response to mandated oxygen requirements in reformulated gasoline has been disappointing, the European market has surprisingly been tightening in recent weeks and looks set for a price rise in first-quarter 1993. The tightness is being felt mainly in the Mediterranean market, where the Libyan methanol plant is running at only 70% because of problems with gas feedstock supplies. More significantly, the Brazilian government has now given the go-ahead for a yearlong extension on imports of methanol for use as an ethanol replacement in fuel blending. The new authorization sets a monthly import limit of 48,000 m.t. during that period. Libya is an important supplier of methanol to the Brazilian market and has already shipped about 20,000 m.t. since the authorization was given. Another major supplier to Brazil is Russia, from its two giant 750,000-m.t./year plants at Gubakha and Tomsk. The material is shipped from the terminal at Yuzhnyy on the Black Sea, in Ukrainian territory since the collapse of the Soviet Union.

  7. CO2 sequestration potential of Charqueadas coal field in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romanov, V; Santarosa, C; Crandall, D; Haljasmaa, I; Hur, T -B; Fazio, J; Warzinski, R; Heemann, R; Ketzer, J M

    2013-02-01

    Although coal is not the primary source of energy in Brazil there is growing interest to evaluate the potential of coal from the south of the country for various activities. The I2B coal seamin the Charqueadas coal field has been considered a target for enhanced coal bed methane production and CO2 sequestration. A detailed experimental study of the samples from this seam was conducted at the NETL with assistance from the Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica Do Rio Grande Do Sul. Such properties as sorption capacity, internal structure of the samples, porosity and permeability were of primary interest in this characterization study. The samples used were low rank coals (high volatile bituminous and sub-bituminous) obtained from the I2B seam. It was observed that the temperature effect on adsorption capacity correlates negatively with as-received water and mineral content. Langmuir CO2 adsorption capacity of the coal samples ranged 0.61?2.09 mmol/g. The upper I2B seam appears to be overall more heterogeneous and less permeable than the lower I2B seam. The lower seam coal appears to have a large amount of micro-fractures that do not close even at 11 MPa of confining pressure.

  8. Public perception of the nuclear area in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Imeida, R.A. de

    2013-07-01

    In Brazil electricity production is proving increasingly important, the Brazilian government has recently launched the National Energy Plan, PNE-2030 which aims, among other objectives, to conclude construction of the Angra 3 plant and to deploy new nuclear power plants in the Northeast region. The Brazilian government wants to assess how the public has perceived its energy policy and what the public thinks about the nuclear issue. A public opinion survey was performed and sampling resulted in 127 respondents who were stratified by gender, age and educational level. The survey results show that although most respondents have post-graduate degrees, 64.6% are not aware of, or had never heard of PNE-2030. While 72 respondents consider nuclear energy as an alternative source of clean energy, 84 respondents did not know where the next Brazilian nuclear power plant will be built. The nuclear regulator, CNEN, is seen by 45.7% of respondents as the body that has most credibility to talk about the safety of nuclear power plants and the media most used to obtain information about the nuclear area were newspapers and discussion forums, with 52 and 50 votes respectively. These results prove the need to implement communication plans with clear and concise goals for different segments of society, since the degree of understanding differs within each segment.

  9. OSRP Source Repatriations-Case Studies: Brazil, Ecuador, Uruguay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenberg, Ray Jr.; Abeyta, Cristy; Matzke, Jim; Wald-Hopkins, Mark; Streeper, Charles

    2012-07-01

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's (GTRI) Offsite Source Recovery Project (OSRP) began recovering excess and unwanted radioactive sealed sources (sources) in 1999. As of February 2012, the project had recovered over 30,000 sources totaling over 820,000 Ci. OSRP grew out of early efforts at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to recover disused excess Plutonium- 239 (Pu-239) sources that were distributed in the 1960's and 1970's under the Atoms for Peace Program. Source recovery was initially considered a waste management activity. However, after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the interagency community began to recognize that excess and unwanted radioactive sealed sources pose a national security threat, particularly those that lack a disposition path. After OSRP's transfer to the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) to be part of GTRI, its mission was expanded to include all disused sealed sources that might require national security consideration. Recognizing the transnational threat posed by porous borders and the ubiquitous nature of sources, GTRI/OSRP repatriates U.S. origin sources based on threat reduction prioritization criteria. For example, several recent challenging source repatriation missions have been conducted by GTRI/OSRP in South America. These include the repatriation of a significant amount of Cs-137 and other isotopes from Brazil; re-packaging of conditioned Ra-226 sources in Ecuador for future repatriation; and, multilateral cooperation in the consolidation and export of Canadian, US, and Indian Co-60/Cs-137 sources from Uruguay. In addition, cooperation with regulators and private source owners in other countries presents opportunities for GTRI/OSRP to exchange best practices for managing disused sources. These positive experiences often result in long-term cooperation and information sharing with key foreign counterparts. International source recovery operations are essential to the preservation of U.S. national security

  10. Asymptotic analysis of the Agulhas and Brazil Current systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    de Ruijter, W.

    1982-04-01

    An asymptotic analysis is carried out of a linear and a nonlinear transport model of the large-scale wind-driven ocean circulation in the subtropical region of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. The complicated geometry with a continent that terminates in mid-ocean is reflected in both models into the Atlantic Ocean through free boundary layers. It is shown that inertia must be incorporated to be able to produce a significant retroflection of the Agulhas Current south of Africa. In such a model the transport of the Return Agulhas Current becomes large when the wind stress curl decreases substantially over the north--south scale of an inertial boundary layer region around South Africa. The reason is that the overshooting Agulhas Current can then ''unload'' more of its transport eastward into the Sverdrup regime. The remainder of the transport bends westward into the free boundary layer. Wind stress curls calculated from the observed wind field over the Indian Ocean show such a rapid decrease. Thus the existence of a stagnation point near South Africa is shown to be a consequence of the large-scale conditions especially over the Indian Ocean part of the domain. The length scale that results from a formal asymptotic analysis for the distance of that retroflection point to the southern tip of the peninsula and the associated transport of the Return Agulhas Current agree with values from observations. Without the fast latitudinal variation of the wind stress curl the transport of the Brazil Current would be of the same order as that in the Agulhas. Almost the full Agulhas Current would then flow around South Africa and proceed as a westward jet into the Atlantic Ocean.

  11. Global warming impact of gasoline and alcohol use in light-duty highway vehicles in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uria, L.A.B.; Schaeffer, R.

    1997-12-31

    This paper examines the direct and indirect global warming impact of gasoline and alcohol use in light-duty highway vehicles in Brazil. In order to do that, it quantifies emissions of CO{sub 2}, CO{sub 2} HC and NO{sub x} in terms of CO{sub 2}-equivalent units for time spans of 20, 100 and 500 years. It shows that the consideration of CO{sub 2} HC and NO{sub x} emissions in addition to CO{sub 2} provides an important contribution for better understanding the total warming impact of transportation fuels in Brazil.

  12. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Brazil (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,581 2012 2,601 2,644 2,897 2014 2,664 2015 2,805 2,728 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas

  13. Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Brazil (Million Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 1,680 4,681 2,108 2016 3,284 3,270 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas

  14. A model for estimation of potential generation of waste electrical and electronic equipment in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Araujo, Marcelo Guimaraes; Magrini, Alessandra; Mahler, Claudio Fernando; Bilitewski, Bernd

    2012-02-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Literature of WEEE generation in developing countries is reviewed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We analyse existing estimates of WEEE generation for Brazil. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We present a model for WEEE generation estimate. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer WEEE generation of 3.77 kg/capita year for 2008 is estimated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Use of constant lifetime should be avoided for non-mature market products. - Abstract: Sales of electrical and electronic equipment are increasing dramatically in developing countries. Usually, there are no reliable data about quantities of the waste generated. A new law for solid waste management was enacted in Brazil in 2010, and the infrastructure to treat this waste must be planned, considering the volumes of the different types of electrical and electronic equipment generated. This paper reviews the literature regarding estimation of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), focusing on developing countries, particularly in Latin America. It briefly describes the current WEEE system in Brazil and presents an updated estimate of generation of WEEE. Considering the limited available data in Brazil, a model for WEEE generation estimation is proposed in which different methods are used for mature and non-mature market products. The results showed that the most important variable is the equipment lifetime, which requires a thorough understanding of consumer behavior to estimate. Since Brazil is a rapidly expanding market, the 'boom' in waste generation is still to come. In the near future, better data will provide more reliable estimation of waste generation and a clearer interpretation of the lifetime variable throughout the years.

  15. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Brazil (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,279 0 2011 0 0 0 0 1,680 0 2,581 0 4,681 0 0 2,108 2012 2,601 2,644 2,897 2014 2,664 2015 2,805 2,728 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2016 0 3,284 3,270 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016

  16. Financing is next step in Brazil-Bolivia natural gas project. [Economic costs and benefits of a new natural gas pipeline project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cajueiro Costa, A.S. )

    1993-11-01

    This paper reviews a new four billion dollar arrangement which would start a major gas network between Brazil and Bolivia. The proposed 2,200 mile long, 28 and 14 inch pipeline network would connect Bolivian reserves with the undeserved markets of southern Brazil. The paper briefly reviews the economic involvement and impacts on both countries and the current market for natural gas in Brazil. Because most of Brazil's energy is currently from hydroelectric power or petroleum, the new distribution network will have dramatic effects on industries which need this high-grade fuel source for operation. Financing of this project will be by Petrobras and 49 percent through stock options.

  17. Sulfur determination in blood from inhabitants of Brazil using neutron activation analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliveira, Laura C.; Zamboni, Cibele B.

    2013-05-06

    In this study the NAA technique was applied to analyze sulfur in blood from inhabitants of Brazil for the proposition of an indicative interval. The measurements were performed considering lifestyle factors (non-smokers, non-drinkers and no history of toxicological exposure) of Brazilian inhabitants. The influence of gender was also investigated considering several age ranges (18-29, 30-39, 40-49, >50 years). These data are useful in clinical investigations, to identify or prevent diseases caused by inadequate sulfur ingestion and for nutritional evaluation of Brazilian population.

  18. ,"Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","6/2016" ,"Release Date:","08/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","09/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  19. Economic and Non-proliferation Policy Considerations of Uranium Enrichment in Brazil and Argentina

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Short, Steven M.; Phillips, Jon R.; Weimar, Mark R.; Mahy, Heidi A.

    2008-09-01

    The nuclear development programs of both Argentina and Brazil have, since the 1970s, been premised on the desire for self-sufficiency and assurance of nuclear fuel supply. While military rivalry and mutual distrust led to nuclear weapons related development programs in the 1970s and 1980s, both countries have since terminated these programs. Furthermore, the governments of both countries have pledged their commitment to exclusively non-explosive use of nuclear energy and have signed the Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT). Utilizing rights provided for under the NPT, both Argentina and Brazil have nuclear fuel production facilities, with the notable exception of enrichment plants, that provide much of the current indigenous fuel requirements for their nuclear power plants. However, both countries are actively developing enrichment capability to fill this gap. The purpose of this report is to assess the economic basis and non-proliferation policy considerations for indigenous enrichment capability within the context of their desired self-sufficiency and to evaluate possible United States Government policy options.

  20. CFL Labeling Harmonization in the United States, China, Brazil andELI Member Countries: Specifications, Testing, and MutualRecognition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fridley, David; Lin, Jiang; Denver, Andrea; Biermayer, Peter; Dillavou, Tyler

    2005-07-20

    This report examines critical differences among energy-efficient labeling programs for CFLs in Brazil, China, the United States, and the seven members of the international Efficient Lighting Initiative (ELI) in terms of technical specifications and test procedures, and review issues related to international harmonization of these standards.

  1. Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Indonesia Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Cocos

  2. U.S. Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Import Area: U.S. Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Indonesia Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile

  3. POTENTIAL AND FUTURE TRENDS ON INDUSTRIAL RADIATION PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION IN EMERGING COUNTRY - BRAZIL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sampa, M.H.O.; Omi, N.M.; Rela, C.S.; Tsai, D.

    2004-10-06

    Brazil started the use of radiation technology in the seventies on crosslinking polyethylene for insulation of wire and electronic cables and sterilization of medical care devices. The present status of industrial applications of radiation shows that the use of this technology is increasing according to the economical development and the necessity to become the products manufactured in the local industries competitive in quality and price for internal and external market. The on going development activities in this area are concentrated on polymers processing (materials modification), foodstuff treatment and environmental protection. The development, the promotion and the technical support to consolidate this technology to the local industries is the main attribution of Institute for Energetic and Nuclear Research-IPEN, a governmental Institution.

  4. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Manacapuru, Brazil for the Green Ocean Amazon (GOAMAZON) Field Campaign

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Amazon rain forest in Brazil is the largest broadleaf forest in the world, covering 7 million square kilometers of the Amazon Basin in South America. It represents over half of the planet’s remaining rain forests, and comprises the most biodiverse tract of tropical rain forest on the planet. Due to the sheer size of the Amazon rain forest, the area has a strong impact on the climate in the Southern Hemisphere. To understand the intricacies of the natural state of the Amazon rain forest, the Green Ocean Amazon, or GOAMAZON, field campaign is a two-year scientific collaboration among U.S. and Brazilian research organizations. They are conducting a variety of different experiments with dozens of measurement tools, using both ground and aerial instrumentation, including the ARM Aerial Facility's G-1 aircraft. For more information on the holistic view of the campaign, see the Department of Energy’s GOAMAZON website. As a critical component of GOAMAZON, the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) will obtain measurements near Manacapuru, south of Manaus, Brazil, from January to December 2014. The city of Manaus, with a population of 3 million, uses high-sulfur oil as their primary source of electricity. The AMF site is situated to measure the atmospheric extremes of a pristine atmosphere and the nearby cities’ pollution plume, as it regularly intersects with the site. Along with other instrument systems located at the Manacapuru site, this deployment will enable scientists to study how aerosol and cloud life cycles are influenced by pollutant outflow from a tropical megacity.

  5. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Manacapuru, Brazil for the Green Ocean Amazon (GOAMAZON) Field Campaign

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Amazon rain forest in Brazil is the largest broadleaf forest in the world, covering 7 million square kilometers of the Amazon Basin in South America. It represents over half of the planets remaining rain forests, and comprises the most biodiverse tract of tropical rain forest on the planet. Due to the sheer size of the Amazon rain forest, the area has a strong impact on the climate in the Southern Hemisphere. To understand the intricacies of the natural state of the Amazon rain forest, the Green Ocean Amazon, or GOAMAZON, field campaign is a two-year scientific collaboration among U.S. and Brazilian research organizations. They are conducting a variety of different experiments with dozens of measurement tools, using both ground and aerial instrumentation, including the ARM Aerial Facility's G-1 aircraft. For more information on the holistic view of the campaign, see the Department of Energys GOAMAZON website. As a critical component of GOAMAZON, the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) will obtain measurements near Manacapuru, south of Manaus, Brazil, from January to December 2014. The city of Manaus, with a population of 3 million, uses high-sulfur oil as their primary source of electricity. The AMF site is situated to measure the atmospheric extremes of a pristine atmosphere and the nearby cities pollution plume, as it regularly intersects with the site. Along with other instrument systems located at the Manacapuru site, this deployment will enable scientists to study how aerosol and cloud life cycles are influenced by pollutant outflow from a tropical megacity.

  6. 105(scaled land 215%)7-22-05

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cntrl African Rep. Chad Chile China Colombia Dem. Rep. Congo Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia Cyprus Czech Rep. Denmark ...

  7. Oil and gas developments in South Africa, Central America, Caribbean Area, and Mexico in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tappmeyer, D.M.

    1985-10-01

    For the 25 countries described in the region, exploration activity continued to be centered in proven petroleum provinces in 1984. Exploration activity increased in Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela. Important, successful exploration efforts continued in areas around Cano Limon field in Colombia, and Guafita and La Victoria fields in Venezuela. Notable discoveries in South America included the 42-46-1X San Martin Cretaceous discovery by Shell in the Ucayali basin in Peru, the significant oil and gas discovery at Palmar Largo ES-1 by YPF in Argentina, and the first offshore gas discovery, the Pecten 1-SPS-20 wildcat in the Santo basin in Brazil. Oil production increased in Barbados, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. A notable increase (40%) in oil production occurred in Brazil. Gas production increased in Argentina, Barbados, Colombia, Peru, and Trinidad and Tobago. 8 figures, 8 tables.

  8. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tappmeyer, D.M.

    1984-10-01

    Petroleum exploration in the region was generally less in 1983 than in 1982. Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Barbados increased crude production, whereas Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, and Trinidad-Tobago reported increases in gas production. Although drilling activities remained low compared to past years, significant oil discoveries were reported in Colombia, Mexico, and Brazil. In Colombia, Cano Limon field is reported to be the largest field found in the Llanos region. In Brazil, important oil discoveries were made offshore in the Para, Potiquas, and Ampos basins. In Mexico, discoveries were reported in the Cerro Azul, Poza Rica (Chicontepec, Villahermosa, and Tabasco) areas onshore and in the Bay of Campeche offshore. In Argentina, discoveries were made in the San Jorge basin and the Noreste Tarija basin. 10 figures, 11 tables.

  9. Assessment of oil-shale technology in Brazil. Final technical report, October 27, 1980-July 27, 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-07-27

    The development of an oil shale industry in the United States will require the solution of a variety of technical, economic, environmental, and health and safety problems. This assessment investigates whether US oil shale developers might benefit from the experience gained by the Brazilians in the operation of their Usina Prototipo do Irati oil shale demonstration plant at Sao Mateus do Sul, and from the data generated from their oil shale research and development programs. A chapter providing background information on Brazil and the Brazilian oil shale deposits is followed by an examination of the potential recovery processes applicable to Brazilian oil shale. The evolution of the Brazilian retorting system is reviewed and compared with the mining and retorting proposed for US shales. Factors impacting on the economics of shale oil production in Brazil are reviewed and compared to economic analyses of oil shale production in the US. Chapters examining the consequences of shale development in terms of impact on the physical environment and the oil shale worker complete the report. Throughout the report, where data permits, similarities and differences are drawn between the oil shale programs underway in Brazil and the US. In addition, research areas in which technology or information transfer could benefit either or both countries' oil shale programs are identified.

  10. Assessment of medical waste management at a primary health-care center in Sao Paulo, Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moreira, A.M.M.; Guenther, W.M.R.

    2013-01-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Assessment of medical waste management at health-care center before/after intervention. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Qualitative and quantitative results of medical waste management plan are presented. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Adjustments to comply with regulation were adopted and reduction of waste was observed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The method applied could be useful for similar establishments. - Abstract: According to the Brazilian law, implementation of a Medical Waste Management Plan (MWMP) in health-care units is mandatory, but as far as we know evaluation of such implementation has not taken place yet. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the improvements deriving from the implementation of a MWMP in a Primary Health-care Center (PHC) located in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil. The method proposed for evaluation compares the first situation prevailing at this PHC with the situation 1 year after implementation of the MWMP, thus allowing verification of the evolution of the PHC performance. For prior and post-diagnosis, the method was based on: (1) application of a tool (check list) which considered all legal requirements in force; (2) quantification of solid waste subdivided into three categories: infectious waste and sharp devices, recyclable materials and non-recyclable waste; and (3) identification of non-conformity practices. Lack of knowledge on the pertinent legislation by health workers has contributed to non-conformity instances. The legal requirements in force in Brazil today gave origin to a tool (check list) which was utilized in the management of medical waste at the health-care unit studied. This tool resulted into an adequate and simple instrument, required a low investment, allowed collecting data to feed indicators and also conquered the participation of the unit whole staff. Several non-conformities identified in the first diagnosis could be corrected by the instrument utilized

  11. The upper Aptian-Albian succession of the Sergipe basin, Brazil: An integrated paleoenvironmental assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koutsoukos, E.A.M.; Mello, M.R.; de Azambuja Filho, N.C. ); Hart, M.B. ); Maxwell, J.R. )

    1991-03-01

    A combined micropaleontological, geochemical, and sedimentological study of the upper Aptian-Albian succession from the Sergipe basin, northeastern Brazil, has been undertaken. The paleoenvironmental evolution of the basin from the late Aptian to late Albian can be subdivided into three major depositional phases: (1) late Aptian, (2) early to middle Albian; (3) late Albian. A shallow carbonate compensation depth within upper mesopelagic depths (c. 300-500 m) is inferred for the late Aptian-Albian. Intermittent anoxic events, associated with salinity-stratified water masses, occurred in the basin during the late Aptian to Albian. An oxygen minimum (dysaerobic to anoxic conditions) occurred during the late Aptian to earliest Albian, in middle-outer neritic to upper bathyal settings. Waning dysaerobic to oxic conditions are apparent in the late Albian. The foraminiferal assemblages recovered from the upper Aptian marine deposits have a characteristic Tethyan affinity. The microfaunal evidence suggests that this area of the northern South Atlantic had at least some surface water exchange with low-latitude central North Atlantic-western Tethyan Provinces, even possible at intermediate (epipelagic to mesopelagic) water depths. Contribution of microfaunal elements coming from high-latitude northern (Boreal Realm) and/or southern (Austral) regions is also apparent, although of less significance.

  12. A Review of Thorium Utilization as an option for Advanced Fuel Cycle--Potential Option for Brazil in the Future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maiorino, J.R.; Carluccio, T.

    2004-10-03

    Since the beginning of Nuclear Energy Development, Thorium was considered as a potential fuel, mainly due to the potential to produce fissile uranium 233. Several Th/U fuel cycles, using thermal and fast reactors were proposed, such as the Radkwoski once through fuel cycle for PWR and VVER, the thorium fuel cycles for CANDU Reactors, the utilization in Molten Salt Reactors, the utilization of thorium in thermal (AHWR), and fast reactors (FBTR) in India, and more recently in innovative reactors, mainly Accelerator Driven System, in a double strata fuel cycle. All these concepts besides the increase in natural nuclear resources are justified by non proliferation issues (plutonium constrain) and the waste radiological toxicity reduction. The paper intended to summarize these developments, with an emphasis in the Th/U double strata fuel cycle using ADS. Brazil has one of the biggest natural reserves of thorium, estimated in 1.2 millions of tons of ThO{sub 2}, as will be reviewed in this paper, and therefore R&D programs would be of strategically national interest. In fact, in the past there was some projects to utilize Thorium in Reactors, as the ''Instinto/Toruna'' Project, in cooperation with France, to utilize Thorium in Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor, in the mid of sixties to mid of seventies, and the thorium utilization in PWR, in cooperation with German, from 1979-1988. The paper will review these initiatives in Brazil, and will propose to continue in Brazil activities related with Th/U fuel cycle.

  13. Contribution of cooperative sector recycling to greenhouse gas emissions reduction: A case study of Ribeirão Pires, Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, Megan F.; Gutberlet, Jutta

    2013-12-15

    Highlights: • Cooperative recycling achieves environmental, economic and social objectives. • We calculate GHG emissions reduction for a recycling cooperative in São Paulo, Brazil. • The cooperative merits consideration as a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project. • A CDM project would enhance the achievements of the recycling cooperative. • National and local waste management policies support the recycling cooperative. - Abstract: Solid waste, including municipal waste and its management, is a major challenge for most cities and among the key contributors to climate change. Greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced through recovery and recycling of resources from the municipal solid waste stream. In São Paulo, Brazil, recycling cooperatives play a crucial role in providing recycling services including collection, separation, cleaning, stocking, and sale of recyclable resources. The present research attempts to measure the greenhouse gas emission reductions achieved by the recycling cooperative Cooperpires, as well as highlight its socioeconomic benefits. Methods include participant observation, structured interviews, questionnaire application, and greenhouse gas accounting of recycling using a Clean Development Mechanism methodology. The results show that recycling cooperatives can achieve important energy savings and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, and suggest there is an opportunity for Cooperpires and other similar recycling groups to participate in the carbon credit market. Based on these findings, the authors created a simple greenhouse gas accounting calculator for recyclers to estimate their emissions reductions.

  14. Environmental benefits of replacing fuel oil by natural gas in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo, Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kondo, S.; Assuncao, J.V. de

    1998-12-31

    The Metropolitan Region of Sao Paulo (Brazil) has a population 16.322 million people (1995 estimate) living in an area of 8,051 km2 with most of them concentrated in the city of Sao Paulo with 9.8 million people and 4.6 million cars. Although with an air quality better than some other Latin American megacities such as Mexico and Santiago do Chile, the air quality still exceeds the national air quality standards. In 2/17/1993 Brazilian Petroleum Company (PETROBRAS) and the Bolivian Petroleum Company (Yacimientos Petroliferos Fiscales Bolivianos -- YPFB) signed an agreement to bring natural gas from Bolivia to the south and southeast of Brazil. The end of the construction of the gas pipeline will be in 1999, and it will deliver 4 million Nm3/day of natural gas to COMGAS Sao Paulo State Gas Company. This amount will increase to 8.1 million Nm3/day by the year 2006, that will be sufficient to supply the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Region market need at that time. In this study an estimate of the influence in the air quality was performed supposing the substitution of fuel oil by natural gas in industry and also in diesel buses. The results showed that there will be benefits in relation to sulfur dioxide, PM10, greenhouse gases and trace elements, and negligible effects in relation to NO{sub x}, NMTOC and carbon monoxide.

  15. In-plant test and evaluation of the neutron collar for verification of PWR fuel assemblies at Resende, Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Menlove, H.O.; Marzo, M.A.S.; de Almeida, S.G.; de Almeida, M.C.; Moitta, L.P.M.; Conti, L.F.; de Paiva, J.R.T.

    1985-11-01

    The neutron-coincidence collar has been evaluated for the measurement of pressurized-water reactor (PWR) fuel assemblies at the Fabrica de Elementos Combustiveis plant in Resende, Brazil. This evaluation was part of the cooperative-bilateral-safeguards technical-exchange program between the United States and Brazil. The neutron collar measures the STVU content per unit length of full fuel assemblies using neutron interrogation and coincidence counting. The STYU content is measured in the passive mode without the AmLi neutron-interrogation source. The extended evaluation took place over a period of 6 months with both scanning and single-zone measurements. The results of the tests gave a coincidence-response standard deviation of 0.7% (sigma = 1.49% for mass) for the active case and 2.5% for the passive case in 1000-s measurement times. The length measurement in the scanning mode was accurate to 0.77%. The accuracies of different calibration methods were evaluated and compared.

  16. Stratigraphy and reservoir potential of glacial deposits of the Itarare Group (Carboniferous-Permian), Parana basin, Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franca, A.B. ); Potter, P.E. )

    1991-01-01

    Drilling in the Parana basin of Brazil in the mid-1980s discovered gas and condensate in the Itarare Group, and showed that glacial deposits in Brazil can contain hydrocarbons. The reservoir potential of the Carboniferous-Permian Itarare Group of the basin is analyzed using new subsurface data from 20 deep wells drilled in the early to middle 1980s. Central to the analysis was the construction of over 3000 km of cross sections based on more than 100 wells, the description of more than 400 m of core, and study of 95 thin sections. Subsurface exploration and mapping of the Itarare are greatly aided by the recognition of three recently defined and described formations and four members, which are traceable for hundreds of kilometers. These units belong to three major glacial cycles in which the pebbly mudstones and shales are seals and glacially related sandstones are reservoirs. The best sandstone reservoirs in the deep subsurface belong to the Rio Segredo Member, the upper-most sandy unit of the Itarare. The Rio Segredo Member is the best petroleum target because it is overlain by thick seals and massive pebbly mudstones and shales, and because it is shallower and less compacted than underlying, more deeply buried sandstones. This member has little detrital matrix and much of its porosity is secondary, developed by carboxylic acid and CO{sub 2} generated when Jurassic-Cretaceous basalts, sills, and dikes were intruded into the Parana basin as Gondwana broke up.

  17. Remarks Prepared for Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman Baku-Tbilisi...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Pipeline First Oil Ceremony Baku, Azerbaijan Remarks Prepared for Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline First Oil Ceremony Baku, Azerbaijan ...

  18. Analysis of potential for reducing emissions of greenhouse gases in municipal solid waste in Brazil, in the state and city of Rio de Janeiro

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loureiro, S.M.; Rovere, E.L.L.; Mahler, C.F.

    2013-05-15

    Highlights: ? We constructed future scenarios of emissions of greenhouse gases in waste. ? Was used the IPCC methodology for calculating emission inventories. ? We calculated the costs of abatement for emissions reduction in landfill waste. ? The results were compared to Brazil, state and city of Rio de Janeiro. ? The higher the environmental passive, the greater the possibility of use of biogas. - Abstract: This paper examines potential changes in solid waste policies for the reduction in GHG for the country of Brazil and one of its major states and cities, Rio de Janeiro, from 2005 to 2030. To examine these policy options, trends in solid waste quantities and associated GHG emissions are derived. Three alternative policy scenarios are evaluated in terms of effectiveness, technology, and economics and conclusions posited regarding optimal strategies for Brazil to implement. These scenarios are been building on the guidelines for national inventories of GHG emissions (IPCC, 2006) and adapted to Brazilian states and municipalities boundaries. Based on the results, it is possible to say that the potential revenue from products of solid waste management is more than sufficient to transform the current scenario in this country into one of financial and environmental gains, where the negative impacts of climate change have created a huge opportunity to expand infrastructure for waste management.

  19. Remarks Prepared for Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline First Oil Ceremony Baku, Azerbaijan

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Ladies and Gentlemen, it is a great pleasure to be with you today to mark the loading of first oil into the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline. 

  20. Micronucleus frequency and hematologic index in Colossoma macropomum (Pisces, Ariidae) for environmental impact assessment at a protected area in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sousa, Debora Batista Pinheiro; Neta, Raimunda Nonata Fortes Carvalho

    2014-10-06

    This study used micronucleus assays and erythrocyte indices in the freshwater fish tambaqui, Colossoma macropomum, to assess environmental impacts in the Environmental Protection Area at Maracanã, São Luis, Brazil. Fish were sampled from two locations within the protected area, Serena Lagoon and Ambude River, on four occasions. Biometric data (length and weight) and an aliquot of blood were collected from each fish for analysis. Erythrocyte indices including: mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration were calculated, and blood samples were examined for micronuclei and nuclear morphological changes. Micronuclei were found in fish from both locations, although the frequency was higher in fish from Ambude River. Nuclear morphological changes were identified only in fish collected from Ambude River. Several nuclear morphological changes were found in erythrocytes stained with Giemsa, including: micronuclei and binucleate nuclei. On average, erythrocyte indices were lower in fish collected from Ambude River than in those from Serena Lagoon. Our results indicate that micronuclei and erythrocyte indices can be used in C. macropomum as indicators of environmental health.

  1. Recent hydrocarbon developments in Latin America: Key issues in the downstream oil sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, K.; Pezeshki, S.

    1995-03-01

    This report discusses the following: (1) An overview of major issues in the downstream oil sector, including oil demand and product export availability, the changing product consumption pattern, and refineries being due for major investment; (2) Recent upstream developments in the oil and gas sector in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela; (3) Recent downstream developments in the oil and gas sector in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Cuba, and Venezuela; (4) Pipelines in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico; and (5) Regional energy balance. 4 figs., 5 tabs.

  2. Safeguards Options for Natural Uranium Conversion Facilities ? A Collaborative Effort between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Nuclear Energy Commission of Brazil (CNEN)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raffo-Caiado, Ana Claudia; Begovich, John M; Ferrada, Juan J

    2008-01-01

    In 2005, the National Nuclear Energy Commission of Brazil (CNEN) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) agreed on a collaborative effort to evaluate measures that can strengthen the effectiveness of international safeguards at a natural uranium conversion plant (NUCP). The work was performed by DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and CNEN. A generic model of an NUCP was developed and typical processing steps were defined. The study, completed in early 2007, identified potential safeguards measures and evaluated their effectiveness and impacts on operations. In addition, advanced instrumentation and techniques for verification purposes were identified and investigated. The scope of the work was framed by the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA's) 2003 revised policy concerning the starting point of safeguards at uranium conversion facilities. Before this policy, only the final products of the uranium conversion plant were considered to be of composition and purity suitable for use in the nuclear fuel cycle and, therefore, subject to AEA safeguards control. DOE and CNEN have explored options for implementing the IAEA policy, although Brazil understands that the new policy established by the IAEA is beyond the framework of the Quadripartite Agreement of which it is one of the parties, together with Argentina, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials, and the IAEA. This paper highlights the findings of this joint collaborative effort and identifies technical measures to strengthen international safeguards in NUCPs.

  3. Oil discoveries and basin resource prediction in Latin America: Past, present, and future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kronman, G.E.; Aleman, A.M.; Rushworth, S.W. )

    1993-02-01

    Over 350 oil discoveries were made in Latin America during the 1980s. About 12% are estimated to contain reserves greater than 100 MMBO. Several of the larger finds (>500 MMBO), such as Cusiana (Colombia), Furrial/Musipan (Venezuela), Cano Lima (Colombia) and Marlim (Brazil) represent an important part of the giant field found worldwide since 1980. Most of the larger discoveries were made by national oil companies in Venezuela, Mexico and Brazil. Undiscovered oil resources of 40-80 BBO are estimated to remain in the highest potential Latin American basins, including those in Mexico, based on historical field size data and current geological knowledge. Over 150 BBO of produced oil and proven reserves has been found in the same group of basins. The probability of finding large undiscovered oil and gas fields (>100 MMBOE) in selected established and mature Latin American basins is high. The Campos (Brazil), Llanos (Colombia), Magadalena (Colombia), Maracaibo (Venezuela), Marahon-Oriente-Putomayo (Peru-Ecuador-Colombia), Maturin (Venezuela), Reforma-Campeche (Mexico) and Ucayali (Peru) basins have the best possibility for such accumulations. Another tier of frontier and emerging basins may also contain significant resources, but limited data makes it difficult to estimate their undiscovered resources. Some of the higher potential basins in this group include the Sierra de Chiapas (Mexico/Guatemala), Huallaga (Peru), Yucatan (Mexico), Sabinas, and Burgos (Mexico) basins.

  4. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiman, W.D.

    1988-10-01

    Exploration activity in South America, Central America, the Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987 showed significant increases in seismic acquisition in Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Paraguay, and Peru, and a decrease in Chile and Venezuela. Exploratory drilling increased in most major producing countries but was accompanied by a decline in development drilling. Most of the increase could be attributed to private companies fulfilling obligations under risk contracts; however, state oil companies in Bolivia, Chile, and Colombia showed significant increased activity, with only Mexico showing a decrease. Colombia again had a dramatic increase in production (29% from 1986). Noteworthy discoveries were made in Bolivia (Villamontes-1); Brazil, in the Solimoes basin (1-RUC-1-AM); Chile (Rio Honda-1); Colombia, in the Llanos basin (Austral-1, La Reforma-1, Libertad Norte-1, Cravo Este-1, and Cano Yarumal-1), in the Upper Magdalena basin (Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1); Ecuador (Frontera-1, a joint-exploration venture with Colombia); Mexico, in the Chiapas-Tabasco region (Guacho-1 and Iridi-1), in the Frontera Norte area (Huatempo-1); Peru, in the Madre de Dios basin (Armihuari-4X); Trinidad (West East Queen's Beach-1); and Venezuela (Musipan-1X). Brazil's upper Amazon (Solimoes basin) discovery, Colombia's Upper Magdalena basin discoveries Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1, Mexico's Chiapas-Tabasco discoveries, Peru's confirmation of the giant Cashiriari discovery of 1986, and Venezuela's success in Monagas state were the highlights of 1987. 5 figs., 8 tabs.

  5. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiman, W.D.

    1987-10-01

    Exploration activity in South America, Central America, the Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1986 was considerably reduced compared to 1985. Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, and Venezuela had increased oil production, with Colombia showing a dramatic 71% increase attributed mainly to bringing on-stream the pipeline connecting Occidental-Shell-Ecopetrol's Cano Limon complex to the port of Covenas. Significant discoveries were reported from Argentina in the Olmedo, Oran, and San Jorge basins; Brazil in the offshore Campos and Amazon basins; Colombia in the Llanos basin; Ecuador in the Oriente basin; Mexico in the Bay of Campeche; Peru in the Ucayali basin; and Venezuela in the Eastern Venezuela basin. Eastern Venezuela's Furrial discovery is reported to have recoverable reserves of more than 1 million bbl of oil, and Shell's Ucayali basin discovery is reported to hold more than 7 tcf of gas. 7 figures, 10 tables.

  6. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of Energy in the long term. Volume 2, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ketoff, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N.

    1991-07-01

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. Of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist energy demand in developing will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. These individual studies were conducted fro Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela in Latin America.

  7. The transboundary EIA convention in the context of private sector operations co-financed by an International Financial Institution: two case studies from Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nazari, Mehrdad M

    2003-07-01

    This paper presents two case studies involving private sector, offshore, oil field developments in the Caspian Sea. Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) of these operations indicated that major and unmitigated oil spills could potentially result in transboundary impacts. Both projects were co-financed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), an International Financial Institution (IFI). Project review and financing decision by the EBRD occurred when neither country hosting the projects was a Party to the 1991 Convention on EIA in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention). Discussions with government agencies during project review highlighted their limited institutional capacity to pursue transboundary notification and consultation activities. However, without being formal Parties or having clearly defined roles under the Convention, the combined presence of the EBRD, the private sector developer and its project needing financing became important drivers to promote the Espoo Convention. Surveying for similar IFI-project combinations in developing and transition economies could provide a 'bottom up' input to further optimise the Convention Secretariat's awareness raising, intervention design, and alliance-building strategies. The knowledge management model and user-friendly Web site of the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity highlight approaches that may also prove effective for the Espoo Convention.

  8. USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Armenia, Republic of Macedonia, Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Kazakhstan, Hungary, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan Western...

  9. Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore Rotor Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Search Publications EC Publications Factsheets Press Releases Energy Research Highlights ... and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh ...

  10. EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Sciences, Reliability, Renewable Energy, Water Power, Wave Energy Tags ... Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh ...

  11. Numerical Manufacturing And Design Tool (NuMAD)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh ... Renewable Energy and Distributed Systems Integration Smart Grid Tools and Technology ...

  12. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean Area, and Mexico in 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.S.

    1983-10-01

    Petroleum developments in the region in 1982 had a more varied pattern than in 1981 when all aspects were upbeat with varying degrees of increases. In 1982, Brazil, Mexico, and Guatemala had striking increases in oil production; Bolivia, Chile, and Colombia had moderate increases; and Argentina, Trinidad, and Venezuela reported declines. In exploration, Argentina reported several additional offshore Tierra del Fuego discoveries in the Cretaceous Springhill and 2 more encouraging gas discoveries in the Noroeste basin. Bolivia reported an oil discovery from Silurian rocks more generally considered a gas objective. Brazil extended and confirmed the Western Amazonas gas area with 2 discoveries. Colombia added 2 more spectacular oil discoveries in the Llanos basin to follow up 2 similar finds in 1981. Several countries reported that discoveries have increased the national reserves of hydrocarbons. Considering the social, political, and economic problems in several countries, along with the worldwide depression and petroleum surplus, developments in the region have been on the whole favorable.

  13. MHK Projects/Salvajina Colombia SHP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    with other forms of energy production is being tested. These sources include a 1 kW solar panel, the public grid and a diesel generator. Along with the integration of...

  14. Colombia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  15. Colombia-Climate Finance Readiness Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    support from the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU). The Programme will prepare developing countries to effectively and...

  16. Colombia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN)...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and...

  17. Colombia-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Geothermal, Transportation Topics Background analysis,...

  18. Colombia-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    emission development planning, -NAMA Resource Type Case studiesexamples, Guidemanual, Lessons learnedbest practices, Training materials, Workshop Website http:www.wri.org...

  19. Colombia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    illustrates the U.S. perspective on LEDS: Integrated development goals and objectives, national greenhouse gas inventory, and economic and resource data Long-term projections of...

  20. Colombia-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Morocco Implement climate change mitigation policy as part of National Plan against Global Warming. PMR Support: Establish MRV framework. Identify and develop crediting NAMAs...

  1. Colombia-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in an effort to build best practice, share tools and research and to create a growing body of knowledge, from a developing country perspective, that is accessible to the...

  2. Good prospects overcome domestic politics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the South American gas and oil industries. Opening ever wider to private investment, the continent is attracting a flood of foreign and local firms, pushing drilling and production rates still higher. This is despite a rash of political problems in many countries, including guerrillas, environmentalists, crooked officials and border disputes. Separate evaluations are given for Venezuela, Argentina, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Chile, and briefly for Falkland Islands, Paraguay, Suriname, and Barbados.

  3. South America: Investment target of the world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-08-01

    The paper discusses investment in the oil and gas industries of South America. For Venezuela, first-round profit sharing, marginal field agreements, and drilling and production activities are described. Exploration, resource development, and production are also described for Argentina, Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Trinidad and Tobago, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Uruguay, and the Falkland Islands. Political problems in Ecuador, licensing in Trinidad and Tobago, and the privatization of Petroperu are also mentioned.

  4. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  5. South America: everybody is drilling almost everywhere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    A group of studies describes accomplishments in 1980 in South America drilling and producing. There may be 3285 wells drilled during 1980, with the majority in Venezuela, Argentina and Peru, compared with a 2934 total for all countries on the continent in 1979. Reserves at the end of 1979 in South America exceeded 27 billion bbl, and production averaged 3.8 million bpd. Individual country reports are given for Venezuela, Argentina, Brazil, Trinidad, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Urauguay, and Guyana.

  6. Request for Proposal No. DE-SOL-0008418 Section J, Appendix D

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    is one of the countries listed below: Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan ...

  7. Microsoft Word - SEC J_Appendix D - Sensitive Foreign Nations...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    is one of the countries listed below: Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan ...

  8. Mali-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  9. Namibia-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  10. UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  11. Indonesia-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  12. Ghana-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  13. Senegal-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  14. South Korea-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  15. Rwanda-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  16. Egypt-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  17. Morocco-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  18. Barbados-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  19. Peru-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  20. Armenia-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  1. Serbia-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  2. Philippines-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  3. Kenya-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  4. Moldova-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  5. Burkina Faso-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  6. Mexico-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  7. Russian-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  8. Mongolia-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  9. Jordan-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  10. Nepal-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  11. Ukraine-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  12. Montenegro-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  13. Part VII: Section J: List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other Attachment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AzerbaiJan Belarus China (People's Republic of China ) Cuba - Terrorist Georgia India Iran - Terrorist Iraq Israel Kazakhstan North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) -...

  14. Appendix A: Reference case

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. 3 Other Europe and Eurasia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan,...

  15. Part VII: Section J - List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Those countries follow: Algeria Armenia AzerbaiJan Belarus China (People's Republic of China ) Cuba - Terrorist Georgia India Iran - Terrorist Iraq Israel Kazakhstan North Korea ...

  16. Sandia Energy - SNL-ESSC (Sandia National Laboratories - Extreme...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana...

  17. Brazil: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    coords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":,"controls":"pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview","zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"...

  18. Oil shale fines process developments in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lisboa, A.C.; Nowicki, R.E. ); Piper, E.M. )

    1989-01-01

    The Petrobras oil shale retorting process, utilizes the particle range of +1/4 inch - 3 1/2 inches. The UPI plant in Sao Mateus do Sul has over 106,000 hours of operation, has processed over 6,200,000 metric tons of shale and has produced almost 3,000,000 barrels of shale oil. However, the nature of the raw oil shale is such that the amount of shale less than 1/4 inch that is mined and crushed and returned to the mine site is about 20 percent, thereby, increasing the cost of oil produced by a substantial number. Petrobras has investigated several systems to process the fines that are not handled by the 65 MTPH UPI plant and the 260 MTPH commercial plant. This paper provides an updated status of each of these processes in regard to the tests performed, potential contributions to an integrated use of the oil shale mine, and future considerations.

  19. Repatriation of US sources from Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tompkins, Andrew J

    2008-01-01

    IAEA's interest in excess and unwanted sealed sources extends back to when radium sources were a problem throughout the world. Sta11ing in 1994, world wide IAEA member states inventoried and consolidated radium (Ra)-226 sources. IAEA then trained Regional Teams in the conditioning of Ra-226 sealed sources for long term storage, which resulted in the Regional Teams conditioning about 14,000 radium sources. These sources remained in their respective IAEA member state locations. Regional teams were seen as a way to encourage member state (local) management of a world wide problem, as well as a more cost effective solution.

  20. Brazil LULUCF Modeling | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Forestry, Transportation Topics: Background analysis, Market analysis Resource Type: Lessons learnedbest practices Website: www.esmap.orgesmapsitesesmap.orgfiles...

  1. Green Skies of Brazil |GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... IMG0475 Innovation 247: We're Always Open 3-4-5-v-air-traffic-operations In the Air Traffic Cloud 1-2-29-v Endeavour Launch 4: From Columbia to Atlantis Rail Networks ...

  2. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H.

    1995-12-25

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  3. South America: Producers brace for hard times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-08-01

    The outlook for South American petroleum development is the topic of this review. Observations include: Brazil confirms giant discovery, continues drive for deepwater production; Eastern Llanos fields propel Colombia into ranks of oil-exporting nations; Venezuela's PdVSA revamps, goes overseas in search of downstream integration; Production downturn in Argentina while YPF staggers under debt load, mismanagement; Peru renegotiates contracts, nationalizes one operator and asks others to join search; Sharp drilling decline in Trinidad, but production rises because of tax incentives; Ecuador breaks with Opec, adopts wide-open production strategy, flexible prices; Drilling, oil output increase in Bolivia, government moves to rein in YPFB.

  4. Venezuela No. 1 oil import source in S. America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-10

    This paper reports that with the exception of Venezuela, the U.S. is likely to import much oil from South American countries through 2010, the General Accounting Office reports. GAO, a congressional watchdog agency, noted the U.S. imports about 4% of its oil from Colombia, Ecuador, and Trinidad and Tobago and possibly could import from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, and Peru in the future. It the the eight countries' crude oil reserves are expected to increase about 30% by 2000, then slide about 2% by 2010. Their oil production is expected to climb about 21% over 1990 by 2000, then level off until 2010.

  5. New sources of debt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, J.

    1996-04-01

    Financing of power projects in Latin America is discussed in this article. Financial arrangements for a cogeneration project in Chile and a generating plant in Argentina are outlined. The Chilean project, Petropower Energia Limitada, is a subsidiary of Foster Wheeler Corporation and Chile`s state owned oil company. The Central Termica Patagonia generating plant in Argentina will be built by Amoco Power Resources Corporation in partnership with Camuzzi Argentina. Very brief descriptions of funding for projects in Bolivia, Colombia, Brazil, and Ecuador are also provided.

  6. Infrastructure opportunities in South America: Energy sector. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-06-01

    The report, conducted by CG/LA, Inc., was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report was assembled for the South American Infrastructure Conference held in New Orleans. It contains a regional overview of infrastructure activities in ten countries represented at the conference. Also covered are project listings in five sectors, including Energy, Transportation, Environment, Telecommunications, and Industry. The study covers TDA case studies as well as project financeability. The ten countries covered in the report include the following: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. This volume focuses on the Energy Sector in South America.

  7. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Carribbean area, and Mexico in 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.S.

    1982-11-01

    Petroleum developments in 1981 continued in the pattern of recent years of increasing exploration and exploitation in response to the second catastrophic surge in crude oil prices thrust on the world economy in 1979. Production of crude oil increased in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, and Mexico, whereas Venezuela, Trinidad, Peru, and Bolivia experienced declines. Exploratory surveys, exploratory drilling, and development drilling all increased in most of the countries reporting. Significant successful exploratory drilling is reported for several countries. In Argentina, the producing zone of the Austral basin has been extended farther offshore, and is reportedly productive in what is apparently the upper Malvinas basin. In Brazil, extensions to several producing areas are reported in the Campos basin. Also, the Jurua gas province of western Amazonas reportedly had an encouraging extension. Colombia had several discoveries in the Magdalena basins, but the 2 Llanos discoveries are considered much more significant. For a variety of reasons, several countries have undertaken or are undertaking changes in laws and regulations to attract foreign companies into exploration risk ventures. In some countries, exploitation ventures are also offered.

  8. The palynology of the Cerrejon Formation (upper Paleocene) of northern Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaramillo, C.A.; Pardo-Trujillo, A.; Rueda, M.; Torres, V.; Harrington, G.J.; Mora, G.

    2007-07-01

    A palynological study of the Cerrejon Formation was conducted in order to date the formation and understand the floristic composition and diversity of a Paleocene tropical site. The Cerrejon Formation outcrops in the Cerrejon Coal Mine, the largest open cast coal mine in the world. Two cores (725 m) were provided by Carbones del Cerrejon LLC for study. Two hundred samples were prepared for palynology, and at least 150 palynomorphs were counted per sample where possible. Several statistical techniques including rarefaction, species accumulation curves, detrended correspondence analysis, and Anosim were used to analyze the floristic composition and diversity of the palynofloras. Palynomorph assemblages indicate that the age of the Cerrejon Formation and the overlying Tabaco Formation is Middle to Late Paleocene (ca. 60-58 Ma). Major structural repetitions were not found in the Cerrejon Formation in the Cerrejon coal mine, and there is little floral variation throughout. The floral composition, diversity, and lithofacies do not change significantly. Lithofacies associations and floral composition indicate deposition fluctuating from an estuarine-influenced coastal plain at the base to a fluvial-influenced coastal plain at the top. There are, however, significant differences in the composition and diversity of coal and siliciclastic samples. Coal palynofloras have fewer morphospecies, and a distinct and more homogeneous floral assemblage compared to assemblages from the intervening sisliciclastic strata, suggesting that tropical swampy environments supported fewer plant species and had a distinct vegetation adapted to permanently wet environments.

  9. Characterization by XRD and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) of waste materials from 'Cerro Matoso' Mine (Colombia)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hernandez, Y.; Carriazo, J.G.; Almanza, O. . E-mail: oaalmanzam@unal.edu.co

    2006-07-15

    Materials from a mining process, in which ferronickel metal extraction is the principal aim, were studied. The residual solid (scum) obtained in this process leads to large-scale accumulation of a vitreous material (pollutant) which creates an environmental problem. These materials were characterized by EPR, X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence. The results indicate that the analyzed solids are rich in Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} and NiO among other oxides. The scum material shows diffraction signals corresponding to the minerals enstatite (pyroxene) and {alpha}-alumina. Moreover, the scum EPR analysis showed a broad line around g = 2.1 corresponding to Fe{sup 3+} clusters in a complex glassy matrix. An analysis of EPR at different temperatures was also performed. The objective of this work, as a first exploratory stage, is to develop a better understanding of the residual solids in order to identify potential applications.

  10. Stratigraphic controls on the source rock distribution, Llanos Orientales Basin, Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramon, J.C.; Fajardo, A.; Rubiano, J.; Reyes, A. )

    1996-01-01

    All available rock and oil geochemistry analyses were tied to a high-resolution stratigraphic framework for more than 50 wells in the Central Llanos Orientates Basin. New Tertiary generation input is proposed. The best source rock intervals are at the base and top of the Gacheta Formation (Upper Cretaceous) and in the middle of the Barco-Cuervos (Paleocene) and Mirador (Eocene) formations. These organic-rich zones contain type II and III kerogen. TOC contents range from about 1% up to 15%. The four source rock intervals occur within marine shales near condensed sections, at the position maximum accommodation/sediment-supply (A/S) ratios. The development of conditions that allow accumulation and preservation of anomalously high fractions of organic matter might be explained by two mechanisms. Increased A/S ratio results in retention of more sediment in the coastal plain, thus reducing the tendency for siliciclastic sediment to dilute the organic matter accumulating on the shelf. Also, deeper water might restrict circulation, enhancing bottom anoxic conditions. In the more transitional and continental sequences, increased A/S ratio is associated with higher phreatic water level. A high ground water table enhances preservation of coaly intervals. The sea-level rise brings marine water into valleys and low-gradient coastal plains. The resulting embayments, marsh and swampy areas are organic-prone, contributing to the source rock potential of strata associated with high conditions and base-level rise-to-fall turnaround positions.

  11. 4-D stratigraphic architecture and 3-D reservoir zonation of the Mirado Formation, Cusiana Field, Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fajardo, A.A. ); Cross, T.A. )

    1996-01-01

    A high-resolution sequence stratigraphic study using 2300 feet of core calibrated with geophysical logs from 14 wells and 1800 measurements of porosity and permeability established the 4-D stratigraphy and 3-D reservoir zonation of the Mirador. Virtually all reservoir-quality facies are through cross-stratified sandstones which occur in channel facies successions in the lower Mirador, but in bay-head delta and estuarine channel facies successions in the upper Mirador. Petrophysical properties and the geometry, continuity and volume of reservoir-quality sandstones change regularly as function of their stratigraphic position. These vertical facies successions reflect increasing accommodation-to-sediment supply (A/S) ratio through each intermediate-term cycle. The upper long-term cycle comprises four intermediate-term, landward-stepping, symmetrical base-level cycles. These cycles consist of estuarine channel, bay-head to bay-fill facies successions. The transition from channel to bay-head to bay-fill facies successions represents an increase in A/S ratio, and the reverse transition indicates a decrease in A/S ratio. Sixteen reservoir zones were defined within the Cusiana field. Reservoirs within the upper and lower long-term cycles are separated by a continuous middle Mirador mudstone which creates two large reservoir divisions. At the second level of zonation, the reservoir compartments and fluid-flow retardants coincide with the intermediate-term stratigraphic cycles. A third level of reservoir compartmentalization follows the distribution of facies successions within the intermediate-term cycles. A strong stratigraphic control on reservoir properties occurs at the three scales of stratigraphic cyclicity. In all cases as A/S ratio increases, porosity and permeability decrease.

  12. 4-D stratigraphic architecture and 3-D reservoir zonation of the Mirado Formation, Cusiana Field, Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fajardo, A.A.; Cross, T.A.

    1996-12-31

    A high-resolution sequence stratigraphic study using 2300 feet of core calibrated with geophysical logs from 14 wells and 1800 measurements of porosity and permeability established the 4-D stratigraphy and 3-D reservoir zonation of the Mirador. Virtually all reservoir-quality facies are through cross-stratified sandstones which occur in channel facies successions in the lower Mirador, but in bay-head delta and estuarine channel facies successions in the upper Mirador. Petrophysical properties and the geometry, continuity and volume of reservoir-quality sandstones change regularly as function of their stratigraphic position. These vertical facies successions reflect increasing accommodation-to-sediment supply (A/S) ratio through each intermediate-term cycle. The upper long-term cycle comprises four intermediate-term, landward-stepping, symmetrical base-level cycles. These cycles consist of estuarine channel, bay-head to bay-fill facies successions. The transition from channel to bay-head to bay-fill facies successions represents an increase in A/S ratio, and the reverse transition indicates a decrease in A/S ratio. Sixteen reservoir zones were defined within the Cusiana field. Reservoirs within the upper and lower long-term cycles are separated by a continuous middle Mirador mudstone which creates two large reservoir divisions. At the second level of zonation, the reservoir compartments and fluid-flow retardants coincide with the intermediate-term stratigraphic cycles. A third level of reservoir compartmentalization follows the distribution of facies successions within the intermediate-term cycles. A strong stratigraphic control on reservoir properties occurs at the three scales of stratigraphic cyclicity. In all cases as A/S ratio increases, porosity and permeability decrease.

  13. Stratigraphic controls on the source rock distribution, Llanos Orientales Basin, Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramon, J.C.; Fajardo, A.; Rubiano, J.; Reyes, A.

    1996-12-31

    All available rock and oil geochemistry analyses were tied to a high-resolution stratigraphic framework for more than 50 wells in the Central Llanos Orientates Basin. New Tertiary generation input is proposed. The best source rock intervals are at the base and top of the Gacheta Formation (Upper Cretaceous) and in the middle of the Barco-Cuervos (Paleocene) and Mirador (Eocene) formations. These organic-rich zones contain type II and III kerogen. TOC contents range from about 1% up to 15%. The four source rock intervals occur within marine shales near condensed sections, at the position maximum accommodation/sediment-supply (A/S) ratios. The development of conditions that allow accumulation and preservation of anomalously high fractions of organic matter might be explained by two mechanisms. Increased A/S ratio results in retention of more sediment in the coastal plain, thus reducing the tendency for siliciclastic sediment to dilute the organic matter accumulating on the shelf. Also, deeper water might restrict circulation, enhancing bottom anoxic conditions. In the more transitional and continental sequences, increased A/S ratio is associated with higher phreatic water level. A high ground water table enhances preservation of coaly intervals. The sea-level rise brings marine water into valleys and low-gradient coastal plains. The resulting embayments, marsh and swampy areas are organic-prone, contributing to the source rock potential of strata associated with high conditions and base-level rise-to-fall turnaround positions.

  14. Flow of formation waters in the cretaceous-miocene succession of the Llanos basin, Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Villegas, M.E.; Ramon, J.C.; Bachu, S.; Underschultz, J.R.

    1994-12-01

    This study presents the hydrogeological characteristics and flow of formation waters in the post-Paleozoic succession of the Llanos basin, a mainly siliciclastic foreland sub-Andean sedimentary basin located in Columbia between the Cordillera Oriental and the Guyanan Precambrian shield. The porosity of the sandy formations is generally high, in the range of 16-20% on average, with a trend of decreasing values with depth. Permeabilities are also relatively high, in the 10{sup 2} and 10{sup 3} md range. THe salinity (total dissolved solids) of formation waters is generally low, in the 10,000-20,000 mg/L range, suggesting that at least some strata in the basin have been flushed by metoeoric water. The shaly units in the sedimentary succession are weak aquitards in the eastern and southern parts of the basin, but are strong in the central-western part. The pressure in the basin is close to or slightly subdepth, particularly in the central-western area. The flow of formation waters in the upper units is driven mainly by topography from highs in the southwest to lows in the northeast. Local systems from the foothills and from local topographic highs in the east feed into this flow system. The flow of formation waters in the lower units is driven by topography only in the southern, eastern, and northern parts of the basin. In the central-western part, the flow is downdip toward the thrust-fold belt, driven probably by pore-space rebound induced by erosional unloading, which also is the cause of underpressuring. Hydrocarbons generated in the Cretaceous organic-rich, shaly Gacheta Formation probably have migrated updip and to the north-northeast, driven by buoyancy and entrained by the topography-driven flow of formation waters in Cretaceous-Oligocene strata in the central-western part of the basin could have created conditions for hydrodynamic entrapment of hydrocarbons.

  15. An Enabling Framework for Wind Power in Colombia: What are the...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy, Wind Topics: Market analysis, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learnedbest practices, Case studiesexamples Website: tech-action.org...

  16. Sedimentary structures and textures of Rio Orinoco channel sands, Venezuela and Colombia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKee, E.D.

    1989-01-01

    The majority of the sedimentary structures in the channel sands of the Orinoco River are planar cross-strata that are products of sand-wave deposition. Sands in these deposits are mostly medium-grained. Eolian dunes form on top of the sand waves when they are exposed to the trade winds at low river stages. The windblown sands are typically fine-grained.

  17. The Brazil Technology Center Speeds the Pace of Innovation |...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    tuned for more exciting news on our growth in the region O Centro Brasileiro de Tecnologia (BTC em ingles) est operando a todo o vapor Voces podem imaginar todo o...

  18. Sabine Pass, LA Exports to Brazil Liquefied Natural Gas (Million...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 2010's 3,279 8,468 0 0 0...

  19. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Million...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 2010's 0 2,581 8,142 0 2,664...

  20. Brazil-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access,...

  1. U.S. and Brazil Launch Strategic Energy Dialogue | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    new jobs and new industries, and reduce carbon pollution. ... and assuring that deep-water oil and gas resources in ... 2011 and in Houston, Texas in 2012. The first-ever ...

  2. Brazil-Forest Investment Program (FIP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and poverty reduction opportunities. FIP investments also mainstream climate resilience considerations and contribute to multiple co-benefits such as biodiversity...

  3. Brazil Bilateral: Petrobras-NREL CRADA Presentation for BETO...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Petroleum Refinery Integration of Bio-Oil Pine pyrolysis ... 587,000 9,000 330 420 United States 6,000,000 92,000 3,300 ... producing sugarcane commercially with refineries. ...

  4. Multiple long-streamer technology speeds seismic survey off Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seeley, C.R.

    1995-09-18

    Now that 3D seismic is the survey of choice for most developing areas, the latest trend in conventional marine seismic acquisition has been pulling more streamers (sensor cables) behind each vessel. The goal behind the multi-streamer movement is obtaining the best data set as inexpensively as possible. PGS Exploration Inc. used its R/V Atlantic Explorer, pulling four seismic streamers measuring 4,000 m each with 160 recording channels/streamer, to complete a survey in 77 days--13 to 18 days earlier than planned--for Petroleo Brasileiro SA (Petrobras) in the Cabo Frio area of the Campos basin in Brazilian territorial waters. The survey was conducted from Jan. 19 to Apr. 4 in an area southeast of the existing Campos development, site of at least nine world records for deepwater production. It was performed in water depths ranging from 130 m to 2,000 m. Petrobras desired the 3D survey, the first int hat part of the Campos basin and the first turnkey 3D seismic contract signed by Petrobras, after its discovery of Guarajuba field last year in that region. The paper describes data acquisition and processing.

  5. Brazil-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Programme ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    are also being conducted on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU): The 1000 Roofs Project supports the spread of...

  6. Brazil-Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    economic development model has been based on natural resources extraction in the oil and gas, forestry, and mining sectors. Based on this model it has become the second wealthiest...

  7. Brazil-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) |...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and...

  8. Brazil-Low Carbon Growth Studies Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and forestry (LULUCF), including deforestation; (ii) transport systems; (iii) energy production and use, particularly electricity, oil and gas and bio-fuels; and (iv) solid...

  9. Brazil-Measurement and Performance Tracking (MAPT) Initiative...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    emission development planning, -NAMA Resource Type Case studiesexamples, Guidemanual, Lessons learnedbest practices, Training materials, Workshop Website http:www.wri.org...

  10. Brazil-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    1.1 Sao Paulo Metro Line 5 Project 1.2 BR-GEF Sustainable Transport and Air Quality Project (STAQ) 1.3 First Programmatic Development Policy Loan for Sustainable...

  11. NREL helps to bring renewable energy to Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pitchford, P.

    1994-12-31

    The US DOE, through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), is working with Brazilian government agencies and several utilities to bring adequate electric power to remote rural areas. These organizations are collaborating on a joint venture, begun in 1992, designed to bring photovoltaic- and wind-generated electricity to the Brazilian countryside. Rural homes in eight Brazilian states, rather than just the initial two states targeted in the original plan, will be provided with electric lighting powered by renewable energy systems. The project is also bringing much-needed electricity for refrigeration and water pumping to many village schools, community centers and medical clinics. The primary objective of the cost-shared, joint US/Brazilian project is to assess the efficiency, operability, and reliability of renewable energy-based rural electrification.

  12. U.S. Energy Deputy Secretary Poneman, Brazil's Deputy Minister...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    March 20, 2013 - 4:34pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 JOINT STATEMENT ... The Forum was co-chaired by officials from the Department of Commerce, White House ...

  13. Brazil-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR)...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Morocco Implement climate change mitigation policy as part of National Plan against Global Warming. PMR Support: Establish MRV framework. Identify and develop crediting NAMAs...

  14. Brazil-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in an effort to build best practice, share tools and research and to create a growing body of knowledge, from a developing country perspective, that is accessible to the...

  15. Energia Integral Andina | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Integral Andina Jump to: navigation, search Name: Energia Integral Andina Place: Bogota, Colombia Product: Colombia based company, focused on engineering and equipment supply....

  16. South American oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    GAO reviewed the petroleum industries of the following eight South American Countries that produce petroleum but are not major exporters: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Trinidad and Tobago. This report discusses the amount of crude oil the United States imports from the eight countries, expected crude oil production for these countries through the year 2010, and investment reforms that these countries have recently made in their petroleum industries. In general, although the United States imports some oil from these countries, as a group, the eight countries are currently net oil importers because combined domestic oil consumption exceeds oil production. Furthermore, the net oil imports are expected to continue to increase through the year 2010, making it unlikely that the United States will obtain increased oil shipments from these countries.

  17. International energy outlook. Volume 3. North and South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    Petroleum, coal, and hydropower resources are found, in varying degrees, throughout the Americas. Struggling to maintain or achieve energy self-sufficiency, many North and South American countries are undertaking major projects to develop these, and other, energy sources. This volume, Volume 3 is a compilation of official US government intelligence reports examining the development projects and energy trends in 12 countries of North and South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the United States and Venezuela. The range and detail of country coverage varies, due to availability of reports. Although the book details current energy situations and provides some historical background, its main emphasis is on estimates of future consumption and production, and descriptions of energy programs and plans. Plans in the Americas call for exploiting oil and gas where possible, and making major efforts to develop sources such as coal and hydropower that can be alternatives to imported petroleum. 33 references, 1 figure, 73 tables.

  18. Energy profiles of selected Latin American and Caribbean countries. Report series No. 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, K.

    1994-07-01

    Countries in this report include Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. These ten countries are the most important oil and gas producers in the Latin American and the Caribbean region. In the following sections, the primary energy supply (oil, gas, coal, hydroelectricity, and nuclear power whenever they are applicable), primary energy consumption, downstream oil sector development, gas utilization are discussed for each of the ten countries. The report also presents our latest forecasts of petroleum product consumption in each country toward 2000, which form the basis of the outlook for regional energy production and consumption outlined in Report No 1. Since the bulk of primary energy supply and demand is hydrocarbons for many countries, brief descriptions of the important hydrocarbons policy issues are provided at the end of the each country sections.

  19. Biofuel Feedstock Assessment For Selected Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kline, Keith L; Oladosu, Gbadebo A; Wolfe, Amy K; Perlack, Robert D; Dale, Virginia H

    2008-02-01

    Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as 'available' for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64% of

  20. Biofuel Feedstock Assessment for Selected Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kline, K.L.; Oladosu, G.A.; Wolfe, A.K.; Perlack, R.D.; Dale, V.H.

    2008-02-18

    Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as ‘available’ for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64

  1. Industry turns its attention south

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marhefka, D.

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

  2. Word Pro - Untitled1

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Indonesia 10% Canada 9% Total 13.1 million short tons Canada 13% Colombia 73% Venezuela 6% Other 2% Indonesia 7% Colombia 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 ...

  3. DOE to Participate in Colombian Regional Energy Meeting Ahead...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    a regional energy meeting hosted by the Colombian Ministry of Energy in Bogot, Colombia. ... of American States and the U.S.-Colombia Chamber of Commerce, to discuss the ...

  4. Connecting the Americas 2022 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    April 16, 2012 - 8:42am Addthis At the Sixth Summit of the Americas in Cartagena, Colombia, the United States joined Colombia and other leaders of the Western Hemisphere in ...

  5. FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-08-01

    The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

  6. Intercropped silviculture systems, a key to achieving soil fungal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Embrapa Solos (Brazil) Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) Embrapa Agrobiologia (Brazil) Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States) Publication Date: ...

  7. Welt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Welt Jump to: navigation, search Name: Welt Place: Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazil-based member of consortium with plans to develop 40 small hydros in Brazil. References:...

  8. Interacta | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Interacta Jump to: navigation, search Name: Interacta Place: Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazil-based member of of consortium with plans to develop 40 small hydros in Brazil....

  9. J Pilon S A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pilon S A Jump to: navigation, search Name: J Pilon SA Place: Cerquilho, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer, located in Cerquilo, Sao Paulo, Brazil....

  10. Brasil Bio Fuels | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bio Fuels Jump to: navigation, search Name: Brasil Bio Fuels Place: So Joo da Baliza, Roraima, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Roraima, Brazil....

  11. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 2010's 3,279 11,049 8,142 0 2,664...

  12. Foundation investigation and treatment for the Itaipu project, Brazil-Paraguay border

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cabrera, J.G.

    1985-01-01

    After selection of the site for this major hydroelectric project on the Parana River on the basis of hydrologic, topographic and geologic considerations, initial borings made in the river bed revealed an extremely fractured zone nearly 20 m below the bedrock surface. Conventional core recovery methods were insufficient to define the fragmented zone, therefore five borings were made at the river banks, utilizing the integral sampling method. Recovery of material, which appeared to be a fault gouge, led to the decision to sink an exploratory shaft in the right bank. From this 113 m deep shaft, short drift tunnels were driven to test the principal discontinuities in the basalt flows and the strength of the interflow breccias. Evidence of the existence of a set of intersecting shear zones soon became apparent and, after dewatering the foundation area, four access shafts were sunk within the base area of the highest blocks of the dam, from which exploratory tunnels were driven across and parallel to the river. The shear zones were revealed to be thrust faults, probably caused by buckling of the remainder of a basalt flow due to rapid dowcutting by the river and high horizontal initial stresses. All the tunnels driven for investigative purposes followed a retangular grid layout, so that they could become part of an elaborate shear key system that would prevent renewed movement of the shear zones. The final treatment plan consisted of eight tunnels parallel to the river and twelve parallel to the dam axis, backfilled with concrete through 6 inch diameter holes drilled from the foundation surface and grouted at low pressures. A few short stub tunnels driven along critical ramifications of the shear zones were also backfilled.

  13. Pollution-control equipment (Brazil). Industrial waste-treatment equipment, September 1991. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    The Brazilian market for both solid and liquid industrial waste treatment equipment is promising in view of the expected growth in demand during the next 5 years. The estimated market demand in 1991 is US $243 million and is projected to grow 15% per year reaching US $370 million in 1994. The market for liquid waste equipment is about 85% of the total market for industrial waste equipment. Currently imports of pollution control equipment account for about 13% of the total market. Due to the recent import liberalization program implemented by the Government, local sources forecast the import share will increase to 20% by 1994.

  14. Global Subsea Pumps Market to be Led by Brazil | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the globe are looking at developing and tapping into their offshore hydrocarbon reserves, the subsea pumps market is garnering copious amount of attention. The market is also...

  15. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 2010's 3,279 11,049 8,142 0 2,664 5,533

  16. Analysis of experimental solar radiation data for Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cavalcanti, E.S.C. )

    1991-01-01

    An analysis of measured global solar radiation in Rio de Janeiro (lat = 22{degree} 55{prime}S, long = 43{degree} 12{prime} W, sea level) is presented in the form of hourly means, decadic means, monthly means and percentage frequency distribution. The experimental data corresponds to the period from June 1979 to August 1983. The results are compared with prior predicted values found in the literature. The yearly averaged daily total global solar radiation was 16.71 MJ/m{sup 2} and the average yearly total global solar radiation was 6,099 MJ/m{sup 2}. Furthermore, these results can be used with the f-chart method by architects and heating engineers to determine the long-term thermal performance of solar heating systems.

  17. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Brazil (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,279 0 2011 0 0 0 0 1,680 0 2,581 0 4,681 0 0 2,108 2012 0 0 2,601 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,644 0 2,897 2013 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2014 0 2,664 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2015 2,805 2,728 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2016 0 1,290 0 0 0 0

  18. Deputy Secretary Sherwood-Randall Co-Chairs the U.S.-Brazil Strategic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    biofuels; oil and gas development, including unconventional resources; grid modernization; energy-water nexus; and safe and secure civil nuclear power expansion in both countries. ...

  19. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Brazil (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 7.50 -- 2011 -- -- -- -- 8.28 -- 12.74 -- 12.42 -- -- 9.99 2012 -- -- 10.68 -- -- -- -- -- -- 10.57 -- 12.21 2013 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2014 -- 15.51 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2015 17.44 12.89 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2016 -- 3.54 -- -- -- --

  20. CO{sub 2} Sequestration Potential of Charqueadas Coal Field in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romanov, V

    2012-10-23

    The I2B coal seam in the Charqueadas coal field has been evaluated as a target for enhanced coal bed methane production and CO{sub 2} sequestration. The samples were low rank coals (high volatile bituminous and sub-bituminous) obtained from the I2B seam as 3 cores. Such properties as sorption capacity, internal structure of the samples, porosity and permeability were of primary interest in this characterization study.

  1. Price of Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's -- 12.74 11.19 -- 15.51 15.1

  2. Price of Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 12.74 2012 10.68 10.57 12.21 2014 15.51 2015 17.44 12.8

  3. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 7.50 11.40 11.19 -- 15.51 15.19

  4. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 7.50 -- 2011 -- -- -- -- 8.28 -- 12.74 -- 12.42 -- -- 9.99 2012 10.68 10.57 12.21 2014 15.51 2015 17.44 12.89 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2016 -- 3.54 3.83 -- -- --

  5. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Re-Exports to Brazil (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 7.50 11.40 11.19 -- 15.51 15.19

  6. Price of Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 7.50 11.00 -- -- --

  7. Price of Sabine Pass, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Brazil (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 8.28 12.42 9.99 2016 3.54 3.83

  8. Exploration into 1990s will still be shaped by politics, economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gallagher, J.

    1987-04-20

    Frontier exploration plays continue to yield sizable oil and gas discoveries, despite recent wide fluctuations in the price of crude that have altered exploration budgets and curtailed activity. Amauligak in Canada, Colombia's Cano Limon, Albacora and Marlim in Brazil, the Haltenbank prospects offshore Norway, North Yemen's Alif field, and lagifu in Papua New Guinea are all examples of the occasional reward of a giant field. With a stable oil price of between $15-18/bbl during 1987, international exploration levels will slowly recover. And it is likely that an average $18/bbl price for the year will be sufficient to put a number of deferred development projects back on track. Activity levels will still vary widely from region to region and country to country however, controlled by political as well as economic conditions. Exploration was hit especially hard in the U.S., where finding and development costs are high. Operators continued to spend a greater share of their exploration funds outside the U.S. in 1987.

  9. International - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Projects published on Beta are not final and may contain programming errors. They are for public testing and comment only. We welcome your feedback. For final products, please visit www.eia.gov. Read our feedback policy. Project Feedback Rea Give Us Your Feedback We welcome your feedback and insights on this project. Your Country: United States Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas, The

  10. Republic of Korea Increases Support of NNSA Work to Combat Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Smuggling | National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) Republic of Korea Increases Support of NNSA Work to Combat Nuclear Smuggling January 02, 2013 WASHINGTON, D.C. - The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the Republic of Korea today announced that the Republic of Korea renewed its partnership to combat nuclear smuggling with a $300,000 contribution to support NNSA's ongoing nonproliferation work in Azerbaijan. The funding, provided by the Korean Ministry of Foreign

  11. Request for Proposal No. DE-SOL-0008418 Section J, Appendix D

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    D SECTION J APPENDIX D SENSITIVE FOREIGN NATIONS CONTROL 1. Pursuant to the Contract Section I Clause 952.204-71 entitled "Sensitive Foreign Nations Controls," "sensitive foreign nations" is one of the countries listed below: Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) Pakistan Russia Sudan Syria Taiwan Tajikistan

  12. Energy Secretary Bodman Travels to Moscow, Baku, Kiev to Discuss Energy and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Nuclear Security | Department of Energy Travels to Moscow, Baku, Kiev to Discuss Energy and Nuclear Security Energy Secretary Bodman Travels to Moscow, Baku, Kiev to Discuss Energy and Nuclear Security May 20, 2005 - 12:49pm Addthis Trip Will Focus on World Energy Security, Energy Resource Development, and Nuclear Nonproliferation WASHINGTON, DC -- Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman next week will travel to Moscow, Russia; Baku, Azerbaijan; and Kiev, Ukraine, where he will hold discussions

  13. Eastern Renewable Generation Integration Study | Grid Modernization | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Indonesia Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Bosnia

  14. International Services | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Projects published on Beta are not final and may contain programming errors. They are for public testing and comment only. We welcome your feedback. For final products, please visit www.eia.gov. Read our feedback policy. Project Feedback Rea Give Us Your Feedback We welcome your feedback and insights on this project. Your Country: United States Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas, The

  15. Subsea BOP stack built for Caspian drilling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-16

    This paper reports that Shaffer Inc. completed construction of a multi-million dollar subsea drilling system for Caspmorneftegas, an operating company in the Republic of Azerbaijan. The subsea stack will be installed on the semisubmersible drilling rig Shelf 7 currently under construction in Astrakan in the Soviet Union. Shelf 7 will drill wells in the Caspian Sea, one of the most prolific production areas in the Soviet Union.

  16. East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Indonesia Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Bosnia

  17. Observatory of Renewable Energy for Latin America and the Caribbean...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay UN Region Caribbean, Central America, South America References...

  18. Andean Development Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bolivia Chile Colombia Costa Rica Dominican Republic Ecuador Jamaica Mexico Panama Paraguay Peru Spain Trinidad & Tobago Uruguay Venezuela and 14 private banks in the region....

  19. Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas Western Hemisphere Clean Energy Initiative

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Ministers of Mexico, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Peru, Panama and the United States announced the creation of a new Western Hemisphere Clean Energy Initiative.

  20. Understanding cirrus ice crystal number variability for different...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States) Univ. of Los Andes, Bogota (Colombia) NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States) Georgia Inst. ...

  1. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Thousand Barrels)","Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) Imports by PADD of Processing from Colombia of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)","Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) ...

  2. Velarde students score in RoboRAVE International at first try

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Competitors came from as far away as China and the Czech Republic June 1, 2015 Dylan ... and visiting competitors from China, Colombia, the Czech Republic and Mexico. ...

  3. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF FOSSIL...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    national treatment for trade in natural gas with Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco,...

  4. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University and Californias Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; John Ellis (Colombia), of CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland; Belen...

  5. The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Chile-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Colombia-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Peru-Mitigation Action Plans and...

  6. Deutsche Gesellschaft fr Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Demand Management in Beijing: Mitigation of Emissions in Urban Transport Ci:grasp Colombia-Facility for Environmentally Friendly Transport Technology and Measures (TRANSfer)...

  7. Incubar del Caribe | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Incubar del Caribe Jump to: navigation, search Name: Incubar del Caribe Place: Colombia Sector: Services Product: General Financial & Legal Services ( Charity Non-profit ...

  8. Fast Start Financing | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the government of the Netherlands, with support from the governments of Costa Rica, Colombia, Denmark, Germany, Indonesia, the Marshall Islands, Mexico, Norway, the United...

  9. Property:Project Status | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SHP + Active + MHK ProjectsSadap Indonesia SHP + Inactive + MHK ProjectsSalvajina Colombia SHP + Active + Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleProperty:Projec...

  10. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote...

  11. Energy News | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Clean Energy Initiative Energy Ministers of Mexico, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Peru, Panama and the United States announced the creation of a new Western Hemisphere Clean...

  12. Gateway:Amrica Latina/Centros Latinoamericanos | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    do Biodiesel- Privado BColombia.jpg Colombia Ministerio de Minas y Energas- Pblico Red Energas Alternativas- Privado BCuba.jpg Cuba Centro de Gestin de la Informacin y...

  13. Bogot Building A Sustainable City (Part 1 of 3) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    mayor of Bogota, Colombia, Enrique Penalosa was both revered and scorned for his urban planning and transportation policies. His public works projects, which largely favored the...

  14. Bogot Building A Sustainable City (Part 3 of 3) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    mayor of Bogota, Colombia, Enrique Penalosa was both revered and scorned for his urban planning and transportation policies. His public works projects, which largely favored the...

  15. Bogot Building A Sustainable City (Part 2 of 3) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    mayor of Bogota, Colombia, Enrique Penalosa was both revered and scorned for his urban planning and transportation policies. His public works projects, which largely favored the...

  16. U

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... AS - Australia; CN - Canada; CL - Colombia; ID - Indonesia; PL - Poland; RS - Russia; VZ - Venezuela; OT - Other. | || |INSTRUCTIONS continued|For Column 'f' Coal Mine County Code, ...

  17. U

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... AS - Australia; CN - Canada; CL - Colombia; ID - Indonesia; PL - Poland; RS - Russia; VZ - Venezuela; OT - Other. 4 U.S. Department of Energy Energy Information Administration Form ...

  18. On the One-Year Anniversary of EPAct and Release of National...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... Incremental production from Saudi Arabia as well as diverted shipments of crude oil from Ecuador, Colombia, and Mexico could offset some of the shortfall. We appreciate that oil ...

  19. Frequently Asked Questions About the Higgs Boson

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Ecuador, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, the United Kingdom and the United States. ...

  20. Federal Acquisition Regulation Federal Acquisition Circular 59

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    I. Prohibition on Contracting With Inverted Domestic Corporations 2012-013 II. Free Trade Agreement--Colombia 2012-012 III. Revision of Cost Accounting Standards Threshold...

  1. Microsoft Word - 91180786_2.docx

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Australia, Bahrain, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Chile, Morocco, Canada, Mexico, Oman, Peru, Singapore, Republic of Korea, Jordan, ...

  2. Natural Ventilation in California Offices: Estimated Health Effects...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resource Relation: Conference: ASHRAE IAQ 2013: Environmental Health in Low Energy Buildings, Vancouver, British Colombia, October 15-18, 2013 Research Org: Ernest Orlando Lawrence ...

  3. DOE/EA-1976 FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT FOR PROPOSED CNG...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Republic of Korea, and Singapore. ...

  4. Climate-Smart Agriculture Country Profiles | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    featuredproductscsa-country-profiles Country: Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Grenada, Mexico, Peru Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Agriculture, country profiles,...

  5. How to Obtain Authorization to Import and/or Export Natural Gas...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    natural gas with Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru,...

  6. Salt tectonics and structural styles in the deep-water province of the Cabo Frio Region, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohriak, W.U.; Macedo, J.M.; Castellani, R.T.

    1996-12-31

    The Cabo Frio region, offshore Rio de Janeiro, lies between two of the most prolific Brazilian oil provinces, the Campos and Santos basins. Major geologic features have been identified using a multidisciplinary approach integrating seismic, gravity, petrographic, and borehole data. The Cabo Frio frontier region is characterized by marked changes in stratigraphy and structural style and is unique among the Brazilian marginal basins. Major geologic features include the deflection of the coastline and pre-Aptian hings line from northeast to east; a large east-striking offshore graben related to salt tectonics; a northwest-trending lineament extending from oceanic crust to the continent; basement-involved landward-dipping (antithetic) normal faults in shallow water; a stable platform in the southern Campos Basin; a thick sequence of postbreakup intrusive and extrusive rocks; and, near the Santos Basin, a mobilized sequence of deep-water postrift strata affected by landward-dipping listric normal faults. These faults are unusual in salt-related passive margins in that they dip landward, apparently detach on the Aptian salt, and show large late Tertiary offsets. Locally, the older sequences do not show substantial growth in the downthrown blocks. South of the Rio de Janeiro coast, a phenomenal landward-dipping fault system detaches blocks of the Albian platform to the north and, to the south, coincides with the depositional limit of the Albian platform. Two end-member processes of salt tectonics in the Cabo Frio region result in either synthetic or antithetic basal shear along the fault weld under the overburden: (1) thin-skinned processes, in which the listric faults were caused by salt flow in response to gravity forces related to massive clastic progradation from the continent; and (2) thick-skinned processes, in which faulting was indirectly triggered by diastrophic causes or disequilibrium in the basement topography.

  7. Carbon mitigation potential and costs of forestry options in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, the Philippines and Tanzania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Makundi, W.; Andrasko, K.; Boer, R.; Ravindranath, N.; Sudha, P.; Rao, S.; Lasco, R.; Pulhin, F.; Masera, O.; Ceron, A.; Ordonez, J.; Deying, X.; Zhang, X.; Zuomin, S.

    2001-01-01

    This paper summarizes studies of carbon (C) mitigation potential and costs of about 40 forestry options in seven developing countries. Each study uses the same methodological approach - Comprehensive Mitigation Assessment Process (COMAP) - to estimate the above parameters between 2000 and 2030. The approach requires the projection of baseline and mitigation land-use scenarios. Coupled with data on a per ha basis on C sequestration or avoidance, and costs and benefits, it allows the estimation of monetary benefit per Mg C, and the total costs and carbon potential. The results show that about half (3.0 Pg C) the cumulative mitigation potential of 6.2 Petagram (Pg) C between 2000 and 2030 in the seven countries (about 200 x 106 Mg C yr-1) could be achieved at a negative cost and the remainder at costs ranging up to $100 Mg C-1. About 5 Pg C could be achieved, at a cost less than $20 per Mg C. Negative cost potential indicates that non-carbon revenue is sufficient to offset direct costs of these options. The achievable potential is likely to be smaller, however, due to market, institutional, and sociocultural barriers that can delay or prevent the implementation of the analyzed options.

  8. DOE Simulator Training to Brazil's Petrobas Advances Goal of Deploying Clean Coal Technology at Home and Abroad

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    A recently-completed comprehensive Department of Energy training initiative using an innovative high-fidelity combined-cycle dynamic simulator has provided employees of a Brazilian multi-national company the opportunity to learn to operate and control the near-zero-emission power plants critical to a cleaner energy future.

  9. Destilaria WD | Open Energy Information

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    WD Jump to: navigation, search Name: Destilaria WD Place: Joao Pinheiro, Minas Gerais, Brazil Zip: 38022-290 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Joao Pinheiro, Minas...

  10. Destilaria Americana SA | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: Destilaria Americana SA Place: Nova Amrica da Colina, Parana, Brazil Zip: 86230-000 Product: Ethanol producer in Paran, Brazil. References: Destilaria...

  11. Destilaria Rio Grande | Open Energy Information

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    to: navigation, search Name: Destilaria Rio Grande Place: Fronteira, Minas Gerais, Brazil Zip: 38230-000 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer. References: Destilaria Rio...

  12. Destilaria Corvo Branco | Open Energy Information

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    navigation, search Name: Destilaria Corvo Branco Place: Lencois Paulista, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Lencois Paulista, Sao Paulo....

  13. Acting Under Secretary of Energy David Sandalow's Remarks at...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... Brazil, including Ceara state, which currently houses Brazil's largest wind energy sector. ... transmission lines, the new regulation establishes a net metering program ...

  14. Humus Group | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: Humus Group Place: Brazil Product: Stakeholder in the Vertente ethanol mill in Brazil. References: Humus Group1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  15. Cachool | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: Cachool Place: Escada, Pernambuco, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer, located in Escadas, Pernambuco. Coordinates: -8.358904, -35.224044 Show...

  16. Brasil Bioenergetica | Open Energy Information

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    Name: Brasil Bioenergetica Place: Gurupi, Tocantins, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Tocantins. Coordinates: -11.725444, -49.076124 Show Map...

  17. Terra Verde Bioenergia | Open Energy Information

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    Verde Bioenergia Place: Londrina, Parana, Brazil Zip: 86010-150 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer controlled by Energias do Brasil (EDP) to invest in ethanol projects....

  18. Usina Maringa | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: Usina Maringa Place: Araraquara, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Araraquara, Sao Paulo. Coordinates: -21.794294, -48.176764...

  19. Biosauro | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: Biosauro Place: Guararapes, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Guararapes, Sao Paulo. Coordinates: -21.253399, -50.646079...

  20. Usina Carolo | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: Usina Carolo Place: Pontal, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Pontal, Sao Paulo. Coordinates: -21.023149, -48.037099 Show...

  1. Nova Produtiva | Open Energy Information

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    search Name: Nova Produtiva Place: Astorga, Parana, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer, located in the state of Parana. References: Nova Produtiva1 This article...

  2. Vale do Ivai | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: So Pedro do Iva-, Parana, Brazil Zip: 86945-000 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer, which owns three ethanol plants in Paran and Minas Gerais. References:...

  3. Central Eolica Trairi Ltda | Open Energy Information

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    Trairi Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Central Eolica Trairi Ltda Place: Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind project developer....

  4. Usina Geradora Delta Eolica Ltda | Open Energy Information

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    Usina Geradora Delta Eolica Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Usina Geradora Delta Eolica Ltda Place: Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil-based wind...

  5. Eolica Faisa Ltda | Open Energy Information

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    Eolica Faisa Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eolica Faisa Ltda Place: Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind project developer. Coordinates:...

  6. Eolica Industrial | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Industrial Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eolica Industrial Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 01020-901 Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind turbine steel...

  7. Verace Energia Eolica Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Verace Energia Eolica Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Verace Energia Eolica Ltda Place: Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil-based...

  8. Central Eolica Guajiru Mundau Fleixeiras Ltda | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Guajiru Mundau Fleixeiras Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Central Eolica GuajiruMundauFleixeiras Ltda Place: Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil...

  9. Usina Geradora Eolica Taiba Ltda | Open Energy Information

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    Eolica Taiba Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Usina Geradora Eolica Taiba Ltda Place: Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil-based wind project...

  10. Eolica Paraipaba Ltda | Open Energy Information

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    Paraipaba Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eolica Paraipaba Ltda Place: Paraipaba, Ceara, Brazil Sector: Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind project...

  11. Central Eolica Rosada Ltda | Open Energy Information

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    Rosada Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Central Eolica Rosada Ltda Place: Mossoro, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind project...

  12. Miassaba Geradora Eolica | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Miassaba Geradora Eolica Jump to: navigation, search Name: Miassaba Geradora Eolica Place: Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind project developer. References:...

  13. Summary of the meeting between the the United States of America...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Republic of Brazil On the Strategic Energy Dialogue Summary of the meeting between the the United States of America and the Federative Republic of Brazil On the Strategic ...

  14. Cosan Shell JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Cosan & Shell JV Place: Brazil Product: Brazil-based bioethanol manufacturing joint venture. References: Cosan & Shell JV1 This article is a stub. You can...

  15. Carbon Market Brasil Consulting | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Market Brasil Consulting Jump to: navigation, search Name: Carbon Market Brasil Consulting Place: Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 04120-070 Sector: Carbon Product: Brazil-based carbon...

  16. Associacao Brasileira dos Produtores de Pinhao Manso ABPPM |...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (ABPPM) Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 04635-020 Product: Brazil-based jatropha producers association. References: Associacao Brasileira dos Produtores de Pinhao...

  17. Agro Industrial Taruma | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Industrial Taruma Jump to: navigation, search Name: Agro Industrial Taruma Place: Sao Pedro do Turvo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 18940-000 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer...

  18. Usina Colonial | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Colonial Jump to: navigation, search Name: Usina Colonial Place: Sao Pedro, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer, located in Sao Pedro, Sao Paulo. References:...

  19. Biopetro Brasil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Biopetro Brasil Place: Araraquara, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Biodiesel producer running a biodiesel plant in Araraquara, state of Sao Paulo, Brazil....

  20. Bioma | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bioma Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bioma Place: Maranhao, Brazil Product: Biodiesel producer located in the state of Maranhao, Brazil. Coordinates: -5.66599, -45.275108...

  1. Renobras | Open Energy Information

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    Renobras Jump to: navigation, search Name: Renobras Place: Brazil Product: Biodiesel producer with plants in Brazil. References: Renobras1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  2. Petrobio | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Petrobio Place: Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Project developer that installs biodiesel plants throughout Brazil and South America. References: Petrobio1 This article is...

  3. Wind Power Energia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind Power Energia Place: Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil Zip: 60160-230 Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil-based small scale wind turbine manufacturer. Coordinates: -3.718404,...

  4. Arakaki Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Arakaki Group Place: Fernandopolis, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based agriculture company, which owns 50% of an ethanol plant. Coordinates: -20.284244,...

  5. Nanum Nanotecnologia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nanum Nanotecnologia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Nanum Nanotecnologia Place: Belo Horizonte, Brazil Zip: 31.170-000 Product: Brazil-based PV technology developer. References:...

  6. Pedra Agroindustrial | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pedra Agroindustrial Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pedra Agroindustrial Place: Serrana, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Sugar and ethanol producer in Brazil, controlling 4 plants in...

  7. AgroIndustrial Capela | Open Energy Information

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    AgroIndustrial Capela Jump to: navigation, search Name: AgroIndustrial Capela Place: Capela, Sergipe, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Sergipe, part of...

  8. Vitoria Agroindustrial | Open Energy Information

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    Vitoria Agroindustrial Jump to: navigation, search Name: Vitoria Agroindustrial Place: Palmares, Pernambuco, Brazil Sector: Biomass Product: Brazil based biomass producer, located...

  9. Agroindustrial Oeste Paulista | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Oeste Paulista Jump to: navigation, search Name: Agroindustrial Oeste Paulista Place: Monte Aprazivel, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 15150-000 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer...

  10. Agroindustrial Vale do Paraiba | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vale do Paraiba Jump to: navigation, search Name: Agroindustrial Vale do Paraiba Place: Santa Rita, Paraiba, Brazil Sector: Biomass Product: Brazil based biomass producer, located...

  11. Ventos Brasil Comercio e Representacoes | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Comercio e Representacoes Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ventos Brasil Comercio e Representacoes Place: Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil-based wind...

  12. Grupo Ipiranga Titoto | Open Energy Information

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    Ipiranga Titoto Jump to: navigation, search Name: Grupo Ipiranga Titoto Place: Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer. References: Grupo Ipiranga Titoto1 This article...

  13. Grupo Cavalcanti Morais | Open Energy Information

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    Cavalcanti Morais Jump to: navigation, search Name: Grupo Cavalcanti Morais Place: Santa Rita, Paraiba, Brazil Product: Brazil-based, ethanol and sugar producer. References: Grupo...

  14. Grupo Santa Terezinha Usacucar | Open Energy Information

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    Terezinha Usacucar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Grupo Santa Terezinha (Usacucar) Place: Maringa, Parana, Brazil Zip: 87065 120 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer, located...

  15. ADM Cabrera JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jose do Rio Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM) and Grupo Cabrera have formed a partnership to develop two ethanol plants in Brazil. References:...

  16. Grupo Inaldo Bezerra de Lima | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inaldo Bezerra de Lima Jump to: navigation, search Name: Grupo Inaldo Bezerra de Lima Place: Escada, Pernambuco, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer, located in the state...

  17. Grupo Santa Carmen | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Carmen Jump to: navigation, search Name: Grupo Santa Carmen Place: Porto Velho, Rondonia, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol plant developer. References: Grupo Santa Carmen1...

  18. Grupo Plantar | Open Energy Information

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    Plantar Jump to: navigation, search Name: Grupo Plantar Place: Gutierrez, Minas Gerais, Brazil Product: Brazil-based forestry developer that runs a pig iron production plant on...

  19. Grupo Balbo | Open Energy Information

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    Balbo Jump to: navigation, search Name: Grupo Balbo Place: Sertozinho, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 14160-000 Sector: Biomass Product: Brazil based ethanol and biomass producer,...

  20. Areva Koblitz | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazil Zip: 01419-001 Product: The company operates as a generator and co-generator of energy with alternative sources, running several projects throughout Brazil. References:...

  1. Generalco S A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Generalco S A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Generalco SA Place: General Salgado, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in General Salgado, Sao...

  2. Unialco S A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Unialco S A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Unialco SA Place: Guararapes, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Guararapes-based ethanol producer with operations across Brazil. References:...

  3. Tudel ndia Central El trica | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Tudelndia Central Eltrica Place: Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Small hydro project developer in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. References: Tudelndia Central...

  4. Ecogenesys | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Ecogenesys Place: Brazil Product: Brazil-based designer of projects focusing on biogas generation from anaerobic digestion of organic waste. References: Ecogenesys1 This...

  5. Morante Bergamaschi Cia Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Morante Bergamaschi Cia Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Morante Bergamaschi & Cia Ltda Place: Palmital, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in...

  6. Ampa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Ampa Place: Cuiaba, Brazil Product: Local Cooperative of cotton producers of the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, which operates in the biofiesl...

  7. All Cotton | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cotton Jump to: navigation, search Name: All Cotton Place: Goias, Brazil Product: Cooperative of Cotton producers in the state of Goias, Brazil, which operates in the biofuel...

  8. Gateway:U.S. OpenLabs/Research Groups | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Assisting Mexico in Developing Energy Supply and Demand Projections Brazil-NETL Advanced Fossil Fuels Partnerships Brazil-NREL Biofuels and EERE Cooperation Canada-NREL Energy...

  9. Concept:U.S. National Lab Programs | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mexico in Developing Energy Supply and Demand Projections B Brazil-NETL Advanced Fossil Fuels Partnerships Brazil-NREL Biofuels and EERE Cooperation C Canada-NREL Energy...

  10. Corona Bioenergia SA | Open Energy Information

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    Bioenergia SA Jump to: navigation, search Name: Corona Bioenergia SA Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 04543-011 Sector: Biomass Product: Brazil based company which...

  11. Chirality of weakly bound complexes: The potential energy surfaces...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Instituto de Fsica, Universidade de Braslia, 70910 Braslia (Brazil) Dipartimento di Chimica, Biologia e Biotecnologie, Universit di Perugia, 06123 Perugia (Italy) (Brazil) ...

  12. Destilarias Novo Milenio | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Destilarias Novo Milenio Jump to: navigation, search Name: Destilarias Novo Milenio Place: Lambari d'Oeste, Mato Grosso, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in...

  13. Norvento Brasil Energias Renovaveis Ltda | Open Energy Information

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    Brasil Energias Renovaveis Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Norvento Brasil Energias Renovaveis Ltda Place: Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil Product: Brazil based Norvento's...

  14. Ecoenergia do Brasil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ecoenergia do Brasil Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ecoenergia do Brasil Place: Ceara Mirim, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer, located in the...

  15. Jose Granelli Ltda | Open Energy Information

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    Granelli Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jose Granelli Ltda Place: Charqueada, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Charqueada, Sao Paulo....

  16. Usina Sao Jose | Open Energy Information

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    Jose Jump to: navigation, search Name: Usina Sao Jose Place: Igarassu, Pernambuco, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Igarassu, Pernambuco. Coordinates:...

  17. Hidrelectrica Cachoeirao S A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cachoeirao S.A. Place: Minas Gerais, Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazil-based small hydro project developer. References: Hidrelectrica Cachoeirao S.A.1 This article...

  18. Algae Biotecnologia | Open Energy Information

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    Algae Biotecnologia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Algae Biotecnologia Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil-based 2nd generation ethanol producer. References:...

  19. Braselco | Open Energy Information

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    Braselco Jump to: navigation, search Name: Braselco Place: Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based consultancy office, focused on wind projects....

  20. Junco Novo | Open Energy Information

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    Junco Novo Jump to: navigation, search Name: Junco Novo Place: Capela, Sergipe, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Sergipe. References: Junco Novo1 This...

  1. CW Empreendimento Ltda | Open Energy Information

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    Jump to: navigation, search Name: CW Empreendimento Ltda Place: Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind project developer. References: CW...

  2. Cafealcool Destilaria | Open Energy Information

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    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cafealcool Destilaria Place: Cafelandia, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Cafelandia, Sao Paulo. Coordinates:...

  3. Usivale | Open Energy Information

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    Usivale Jump to: navigation, search Name: Usivale Place: Vicencia, Pernambuco, Brazil Sector: Biomass Product: Brazil based biomass producer, located in the state of Pernambuco....

  4. Usina Sao Domingos | Open Energy Information

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    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Usina Sao Domingos Place: Catanduva, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Catanduva, Sao Paulo. Coordinates:...

  5. CEPIS | Open Energy Information

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    CEPIS Jump to: navigation, search Name: CEPIS Place: Campina Grande, Brazil Zip: 58109 772 Sector: Services Product: Provider of consultancy services to small businesses in Brazil...

  6. Alvorada do Oeste | Open Energy Information

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    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alvorada do Oeste Place: Santo Anastacio, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Santo Anastacio, Sao Paulo....

  7. Energetica Serra da Prata | Open Energy Information

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    da Prata Jump to: navigation, search Name: Energetica Serra da Prata Place: Bahia, Brazil Product: SHP developer based in the state of Bahia, Brazil. References: Energetica Serra...

  8. Rosa dos Ventos Ltda | Open Energy Information

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    Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rosa dos Ventos Ltda Place: Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil Sector: Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product: Brazil-based wind farm developer and...

  9. Usina Campestre | Open Energy Information

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    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Usina Campestre Place: Penapolis, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 151 Product: Brazil-based ethanol producer. Coordinates: -21.421221,...

  10. EOL Energy Ltda | Open Energy Information

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    EOL Energy Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: EOL Energy Ltda Place: Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind project developer. References: EOL Energy Ltda1...

  11. Usina Itajobi | Open Energy Information

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    Itajobi Jump to: navigation, search Name: Usina Itajobi Place: Marapoama, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 15.845-000 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Marapoama, Sao Paulo....

  12. Destilaria Pioneiros | Open Energy Information

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    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Destilaria Pioneiros Place: Sud Mennucci, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 15360-000 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer. References: Destilaria...

  13. Usina Mendonca | Open Energy Information

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    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Usina Mendonca Place: Conquista, Minas Gerais, Brazil Product: Brazil based sugar producer located in the state of Minas Gerais....

  14. Solaria Fairway JV | Open Energy Information

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    Fairway JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solaria & Fairway JV Place: Brazil Product: Brazil-based JV to develop business opportunities in the new energy sector. References:...

  15. Interlight | Open Energy Information

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    Interlight Jump to: navigation, search Name: Interlight Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazil-based member of consortium with plans to develop 40 small...

  16. Usina Zanin | Open Energy Information

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    Zanin Jump to: navigation, search Name: Usina Zanin Place: Araraquara, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 383 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer. Coordinates: -21.794294, -48.176764...

  17. Destilaria Veredas | Open Energy Information

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    to: navigation, search Name: Destilaria Veredas Place: Joao Pinheiro, Minas Gerais, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Joao Pinheiro, Minas Gerais....

  18. Branco Peres | Open Energy Information

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    Peres Jump to: navigation, search Name: Branco Peres Place: Adamantina, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Adamantina, Sao Paulo. Coordinates:...

  19. Alfa Agroenergia | Open Energy Information

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    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alfa Agroenergia Place: Pirassununga, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer. Coordinates: -21.996338, -47.426999 Show...

  20. Energio | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Energio Place: Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Zip: 20050-030 Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind project developer....

  1. Agropeu | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Agropeu Jump to: navigation, search Name: Agropeu Place: Pompeu, Minas Gerais, Brazil Zip: 35640 000 Product: Privately-owned Brazil based ethanol producer, located in Minas...

  2. Coocarol | Open Energy Information

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    Coocarol Jump to: navigation, search Name: Coocarol Place: Sao Tome, Parana, Brazil Zip: 87220-000 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in the state of Parana....

  3. Hidrotermica | Open Energy Information

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    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hidrotermica Place: Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Product: SHP project developer located in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil....

  4. Wobben Windpower | Open Energy Information

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    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wobben Windpower Place: Sorocaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: Cep 18087-149 Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind turbine producer...

  5. Destilaria Pignata | Open Energy Information

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    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Destilaria Pignata Place: Sertaozinho, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Sertaozinho, Sao Paulo. References:...

  6. Destilaria Alpha | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alpha Jump to: navigation, search Name: Destilaria Alpha Place: Claudio, Minas Gerais, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer. References: Destilaria Alpha1 This article...

  7. Dreen Re Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Dreen Re-Energy Place: So Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Sector: Hydro, Wind energy Product: Brazil based operating company, Dreen is active as...

  8. Destilaria Melhoramentos | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Destilaria Melhoramentos Place: Jussara, Parana, Brazil Product: Brazil-based sugar and ethanol producer. References: Destilaria...

  9. Usina Batatais | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Batatais Jump to: navigation, search Name: Usina Batatais Place: Batatais, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 14300-000 Product: Brazil based ethanol and sugar producer. References: Usina...

  10. Summit Ventures | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Summit Ventures Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Sector: Biomass, Hydro, Wind energy Product: Brazil based advisory and consulting...

  11. ABEEolica | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ABEEolica Jump to: navigation, search Name: ABEEolica Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 1136001 Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil's wind energy association. References:...

  12. Cereale Brasil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cereale Brasil Place: Dois Corregos, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 17.300-000 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Dois Corregos, Sao...

  13. Destilaria PAL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PAL Jump to: navigation, search Name: Destilaria PAL Place: Nazare da Mata, Brazil Zip: 55800-00 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Nazare da Mata, Pernambuco....

  14. Destilaria Grizzo | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Grizzo Jump to: navigation, search Name: Destilaria Grizzo Place: Jau, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 17201-970 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Jau, Sao Paulo....

  15. TGM Turbines | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Turbines Jump to: navigation, search Name: TGM Turbines Place: Sertaozinho, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 14175-000 Sector: Biomass Product: Brazil based company who constructs and sells...

  16. Hdom | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hdom Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hdom Place: Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil Product: Brazil based forestry consultancy company. References: Hdom1 This article is a stub. You can...

  17. Canaa Destilaria | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Canaa Destilaria Place: Mombuca, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Mombuca, Sao Paulo. Coordinates:...

  18. Amyris do Brasil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brasil Jump to: navigation, search Name: Amyris do Brasil Place: Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 13069-380 Product: Brazil based next-generation biofuel producer. Coordinates:...

  19. Abdiesel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Abdiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name: Abdiesel Place: Araguari, Minas Gerais, Brazil Zip: 38445-133 Sector: Services Product: Brazil based biodiesel producer. The company also...

  20. APH Engenharia Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: APH Engenharia Ltda Place: Curitiba, Parana, Brazil Zip: 80.420-900 Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind project developer....

  1. Industria e Comercio Iracema | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Industria e Comercio Iracema Place: Itai, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Itai, Sao Paulo. References:...

  2. Alcoazul | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alcoazul Jump to: navigation, search Name: Alcoazul Place: Aracatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Aracatuba, Sao Paulo. Coordinates:...

  3. Amyris Crystalsev Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento de Biocombustiveis...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltda Place: Brazil Product: Brazil-based subsidiary of Amyris, developing a diesel substitute from sugarcane. References: Amyris-Crystalsev Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento de...

  4. Dobreve Empreendimentos e Participacoes | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name: Dobreve Empreendimentos e Participacoes Place: Jaragua do Sul, Santa Catarina, Brazil Zip: 89260-500 Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil-based wind project...

  5. Destilaria Santa Clara | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Clara Jump to: navigation, search Name: Destilaria Santa Clara Place: Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 14898-000 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Jaboticabal,...

  6. Usina Boa Esperanca | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Boa Esperanca Jump to: navigation, search Name: Usina Boa Esperanca Place: Santa Luzia D'Oeste, Rondonia, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer, located in the state of...

  7. Ventus Participacoes Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Participacoes Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Ventus Participacoes Ltda Place: Santa Catarina, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil-based wind project developer....

  8. Pegasus | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pegasus Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pegasus Place: Santa Catarina, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind project developer located in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil....

  9. BP Biofuels Brasil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biofuels Brasil Jump to: navigation, search Name: BP Biofuels Brasil Place: Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 13025-320 Sector: Biofuels Product: Brazil based BP subsidiary focused...

  10. Biocamp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biocamp Jump to: navigation, search Name: Biocamp Place: Mato Grosso, Brazil Sector: Biofuels Product: Project developer that operates in the biofuels sector in Brazil. References:...

  11. Industrias Morro Azul | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Industrias Morro Azul Jump to: navigation, search Name: Industrias Morro Azul Place: Ventania, Parana, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer, located in the state of...

  12. Bio Octane Energias Renov veis | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Octane Energias Renov veis Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bio-Octane Energias Renovveis Place: Minas Gerais, Brazil Product: Brazil-based biodiesel producer, located in the...

  13. Familia Biagi | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Familia Biagi Jump to: navigation, search Name: Familia Biagi Place: Brazil Product: Familia Biagi is one of the most traditional families in the sugarcane sector in Brazil, being...

  14. Rio Vermelho Acucar e Alcool | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Acucar e Alcool Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rio Vermelho Acucar e Alcool Place: Junqueiropolis, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in...

  15. Agrest Alcool Acucar e Levedura | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Agrest Alcool Acucar e Levedura Jump to: navigation, search Name: Agrest Alcool, Acucar e Levedura Place: Espirito Santo do Turvo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 18935 000 Product: Brazil...

  16. Industria de Bebidas Seis Lagoas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bebidas Seis Lagoas Jump to: navigation, search Name: Industria de Bebidas Seis Lagoas Place: Brotas, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Brotas,...

  17. Companhia Industrial do Nordeste Brasileiro | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Industrial do Nordeste Brasileiro Jump to: navigation, search Name: Companhia Industrial do Nordeste Brasileiro Place: Pernambuco, Brazil Sector: Biomass Product: Brazil based...

  18. Minuano Energias Alternativas Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Minuano Energias Alternativas Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Minuano Energias Alternativas Ltda Place: Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind project...

  19. Sowitec do Brasil Energia Alternativas Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sowitec do Brasil Energia Alternativas Ltda Place: Salvador, Bahia, Brazil Zip: 40.140-130 Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind farm...

  20. Reivax Automa o e Controle | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Reivax Automa o e Controle Jump to: navigation, search Name: Reivax Automao e Controle Place: Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil-based firm developing control...

  1. Geracao de Energia Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geracao de Energia Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Geracao de Energia Ltda Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind project...

  2. Bioenergy Geradora de Energia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geradora de Energia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Bioenergy - Geradora de Energia Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 1456010 Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based...

  3. Aracati Energia Renovavel Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energia Renovavel Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aracati Energia Renovavel Ltda Place: Cuiaba, Mato Grosso, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based wind project...

  4. Santa Cruz Energia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Santa Cruz Energia Place: Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazilian wind developer based in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil....

  5. Cumas Geracao de Energia Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cumas Geracao de Energia Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cumas Geracao de Energia Ltda Place: Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil-based...

  6. Aracati Aeolis Geracao de Energia Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Aeolis Geracao de Energia Ltda Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aracati Aeolis Geracao de Energia Ltda Place: Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil based...

  7. Biotins Energia | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Biotins Energia Jump to: navigation, search Name: Biotins Energia Place: Para-so do Tocantins, Tocantins, Brazil Zip: 77600-000 Product: Brazil based biodiesel producer, with...

  8. Atena Tecnologias em Energia Natural | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Atena Tecnologias em Energia Natural Jump to: navigation, search Name: Atena Tecnologias em Energia Natural Place: Martinopolis, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol...

  9. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - San Andres and Providencia (Fact Sheet); NREL(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina (unpopulated), also known as San Andres and Providencia, which is equidistant between Costa Rica and Jamaica and 775 kilometers northwest of Colombia. The archipelago is part of Colombia, though Nicaragua has also laid claim to it.

  10. JLab mourns loss of long-time colleague, Hall B staff scientist and senior

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    YerPI physicist Kim Egiyan | Jefferson Lab long-time colleague, Hall B staff scientist and senior YerPI physicist Kim Egiyan JLab mourns loss of long-time colleague, Hall B staff scientist and senior YerPI physicist Kim Egiyan August 25, 2006 Kim Egiyan Kim Egiyan K.Sh. Egiyan was born on 18 June 1935 in the Armenian village of Mirzik in the Khanlar region of Azerbaijan. Kim attended the Yerevan State University, Yerevan (Armenia) and in 1957, after finishing his studies at the university,

  11. Firms still chasing C. I. S. deals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    More fields to open

    1992-06-01

    Foreign companies' pursuit of oil and gas ventures in the Commonwealth of Independent States continues unabated. This paper reports that Total has signed its third cooperation agreement with Russian partners, this one with Komineft to act as operator in development of Khariaga oil field in the Timan Pechora basin near the Arctic Circle west of the Urals. Amoco Eurasia Petroleum Co. officials have made progress in negotiations with the Azerbaijan republic on contracts to develop the Caspian Sea's giant Azeri oil field. Meanwhile, the Turkmenistan government has outlined plans to open more of the former Soviet republic's oil and gas fields to bids for joint development.

  12. Energy choices in the near abroad: The haves and have-nots face the future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebel, R.E.

    1997-08-01

    Of the 14 republics that make up the `Near Abraod,` only three-Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Azerbaijan-are rich in oil and natural gas. The others have been almost completely dependent on Russia for their fuel. Russia, with its own energy sector in difficulty, has been cutting back deliveries. The republics with substantial oil and gas resources are challenged to develop them in a timely and responsible fashion. Success will move them into world of developed nations; failure will bring economic stagnation and political grief.

  13. Chemopreventive activity of compounds extracted from Casearia sylvestris (Salicaceae) Sw against DNA damage induced by particulate matter emitted by sugarcane burning near Araraquara, Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prieto, A.M.; Santos, A.G.; Csipak, A.R.; Caliri, C.M.; Silva, I.C.; Arbex, M.A.; Silva, F.S.; Marchi, M.R.R.

    2012-12-15

    Ethanolic extract of Casearia sylvestris is thought to be antimutagenic. In this study, we attempted to determine whether this extract and casearin X (a clerodane diterpene from C. sylvestris) are protective against the harmful effects of airborne pollutants from sugarcane burning. To that end, we used the Tradescantia micronucleus test in meiotic pollen cells of Tradescantia pallida, the micronucleus test in mouse bone marrow cells, and the comet assay in mouse blood cells. The mutagenic compound was total suspended particulate (TSP) from air. For the Tradescantia micronucleus test, T. pallida cuttings were treated with the extract at 0.13, 0.25, or 0.50 mg/ml. Subsequently, TSP was added at 0.3 mg/ml, and tetrads from the inflorescences were examined for micronuclei. For the micronucleus test in mouse bone marrow cells and the comet assay in mouse blood cells, Balb/c mice were treated for 15 days with the extract3.9, 7.5, or 15.0 mg/kg body weight (BW)or with casearin X0.3, 0.25, or 1.2 mg/kg BWafter which they received TSP (3.75 mg/kg BW). In T. pallida and mouse bone marrow cells, the extract was antimutagenic at all concentrations tested. In mouse blood cells, the extract was antigenotoxic at all concentrations, whereas casearin X was not antimutagenic but was antigenotoxic at all concentrations. We conclude that C. sylvestris ethanolic extract and casearin X protect DNA from damage induced by airborne pollutants from sugarcane burning. -- Highlights: ? We assessed DNA protection of C. sylvestris ethanolic extract. ? We assessed DNA protection of casearin X. ? We used Tradescantia pallida micronucleus test as screening. ? We used comet assay and micronucleus test in mice. ? The compounds protected DNA against sugar cane burning pollutants.

  14. Characterization of a novel insect-specific flavivirus from Brazil: Potential for inhibition of infection of arthropod cells with medically important flaviviruses.

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kenney, Joan L.; Solberg, Owen D.; Langevin, Stanley A.; Brault, Aaron C.

    2014-01-12

    In the past decade, there has been an upsurge in the number of newly described insect-specific flaviviruses isolated pan-globally. We recently described the isolation of a novel flavivirus (tentatively designated ‘Nhumirim virus’; NHUV) that represents an example of a unique subset of apparently insect-specific viruses that phylogenetically affiliate with dual-host mosquito-borne flaviviruses despite appearing to be limited to replication in mosquito cells. We characterized the in vitro growth potential and 3' untranslated region (UTR) sequence homology with alternative flaviviruses, and evaluated the virus’s capacity to suppress replication of representative Culex spp.-vectored pathogenic flaviviruses in mosquito cells. Only mosquito cell linesmore » were found to support NHUV replication, further reinforcing the insect-specific phenotype of this virus. Analysis of the sequence and predicted RNA secondary structures of the 3' UTR indicated NHUV to be most similar to viruses within the yellow fever serogroup and Japanese encephalitis serogroup, and viruses in the tick-borne flavivirus clade. NHUV was found to share the fewest conserved sequence elements when compared with traditional insect-specific flaviviruses. This suggests that, despite apparently being insect specific, this virus probably diverged from an ancestral mosquito-borne flavivirus. Co-infection experiments indicated that prior or concurrent infection of mosquito cells with NHUV resulted in a significant reduction in virus production of West Nile virus (WNV), St Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) and Japanese encephalitis virus. As a result, the inhibitory effect was most effective against WNV and SLEV with over a 106-fold and 104-fold reduction in peak titres, respectively.« less

  15. Irregular access to the power distribution network in Brazil's residential sector: a delinquent payment problem, or the quest for a right beyond the law?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    da Silva, Neilton Fidelis; Rosa, Luiz Pinguelli

    2008-08-15

    Clandestine residential consumers should not be rubber-stamped as criminals. Siphoning off electricity does not constitute an illegal action, but is rather the only alternative open to marginalized layers of society who rate electricity in their homes as a right to which they should have access. (author)

  16. BPA-2014-00717-FOIA Request

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 'WSP Colombia City: Phone: State: Zip: Ex. xxx-xxx-xxxx Please type your request here Hello I would like to ask You, if and where is possible to download a copy of Corona and...

  17. Notices

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Response Review of Greece 11. Mid-Term Review of Sweden 12. Outreach -APSAChileColombia 13. Association Update 14. Nexus Forum-Resilience Next Steps 15. Other Business ...

  18. BPA-2014-00617-FOIA Response

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2014 In reply refer to: NN-1 Jorge Hernan Jaramillo Restrepo Interconexion Electrica Colombia-Panama S.A. Av. Aquilino de la Guardia, Torre Banesco Piso 11 Officina 1111 Ciudad de...

  19. GREENING YOUR BUSINESS

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... * 12 Canada * 5 India * 3 Australia * 3 Ireland * 2 Spain * 2 United Kingdom * 2 Tunisia * 1 Belgium * 1 Chile * 1 Colombia * 1 Argentina * 1 Fiji * 1 Israel * 1 Indonesia * 1 St. ...

  20. Coordinating Low Emission Development in Columbia (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, A.; Butheau, M.; Sandor, D.

    2013-11-01

    Colombia's economy has grown more than 4 percent per year for a decade, but climate change is posing new risks to sustaining that development. With the nation's coastal areas, mountain ranges, rain forests, plains, and river basins vulnerable to changing weather patterns and growing seasons, Colombia is building resilience to climate change while working to curb emissions and pursue new options for low emission development.

  1. Tonon Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tonon Group Place: Bocaina, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 17240-000 Product: Brazil-based ethanol producer, which owns two ethanol plants located in Bocaina, Sao Paulo, and Maracaju,...

  2. Agrisa | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Agrisa Place: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Zip: 28927-000 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro. References: Agrisa1 This article is...

  3. Via Vida Biocombustiveis S A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Via Vida Biocombustiveis SA Place: Brazil Product: Brazil based ethanol producer, who is planning to develop a 35mLpa ethanol located in Rio Pardo, state of...

  4. Eolica Porto das Barcas S A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Porto das Barcas S A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Eolica Porto das Barcas S.A. Place: Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil Zip: 88015-110 Sector: Wind energy Product: Brazil...

  5. Sustainable Carbon | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Carbon Jump to: navigation, search Name: Sustainable Carbon Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 04 038 032 Product: Sao Paulo-based joint-venture with CantorCO2e Brazil. The...

  6. Allicom | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Zona Rural, Brazil Product: Allicom is a Brazil-based consortium developed to gain economies of scale in both the domestic and international markets by combining the sugar...

  7. Cespt | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cespt Jump to: navigation, search Name: Cespt Place: Sao Pedro do Turvo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 18940-000 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located inSao Pedro do Turvo, Sao...

  8. Brasil Ecodiesel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Brasil Ecodiesel Place: Leblon, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Zip: 22431-050 Product: Biodiesel producer and project developer in Brazil. Coordinates: -22.98427, -43.22271 Show...

  9. Destilaria Joao Paulo II | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Joao Paulo II Jump to: navigation, search Name: Destilaria Joao Paulo II Place: Sao Simao, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 14200-000 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Sao...

  10. Rosa S A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    S A Jump to: navigation, search Name: Rosa SA Place: Boituva, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 18550-000 Product: Brazil based ethanol producer located in Boituva, Sao Paulo. References:...

  11. Bunge Itochu JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Bunge Itochu JV Place: Brazil Product: Bunge and Itochu formed a join venture to invest USD 800m in ethanol and sugar in Brazil References: Bunge Itochu JV1 This article is...

  12. Terra Firma | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 5414020 Product: Brazil based consultancy company, focused on biogas projects. References: Terra Firma1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by...

  13. Grupo Sao Martinho Amyris Biotechnologies JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazil Product: Brazil-based JV originally formed to develop Sugar-Based Diesel Next Gen Plant located in Quirinopolis, Goias. Coordinates: -18.448669, -50.446839 Show Map...

  14. Eco Green Solutions | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Eco Green Solutions Place: Brazil Product: Brazil-based Ecodiesel creditor. References: Eco Green Solutions1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Eco...

  15. Iberdrola Renov veis do Brasil | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renov veis do Brasil Jump to: navigation, search Name: Iberdrola Renovveis do Brasil Place: Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Zip: 22775-055 Product: Brazil-based...

  16. Comanche Clean Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Product: An investment fund based in New York with ethanol and biodiesel assets in Brazil. References: Comanche Clean Energy1 This article is a stub....

  17. Hidrelectrica Pipoca S A | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hidrelectrica Pipoca S.A. Place: Minas Gerais, Brazil Sector: Hydro Product: Brazil-based small hydro project developer. References: Hidrelectrica Pipoca S.A.1 This article is a...

  18. Coopcana | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Coopcana Jump to: navigation, search Name: Coopcana Place: Sao Carlos do Ivai, Parana, Brazil Zip: 87770-000 Product: Brazil Based ethanol producer, located in the state of Parana....

  19. Propower Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Propower Energy Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 01454-901 Product: Sao Paulo-based project developer for CDM projects in Brazil....

  20. Ecopart Group formerly EcoInvest | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: Ecopart Group (formerly EcoInvest) Place: Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil Zip: 01411-000 Product: Ecoinvest is an advisory firm based in Brazil that offers...