National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for branch 202-586-5695 questions

  1. Past Question

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HallPast QuestionsAsk a Scientist Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Unfortunately, we couldn't find that question

  2. Appropriations Questions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Grantees should review the terms of their award agreement to determine when funds must be expended. If there are questions regarding deadlines within the award agreement, Grantees should consult...

  3. Past Question

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HallAsk s ScientistPast Questions Outreach Home Room News Publications Traditional Knowledge Kiosks Barrow, Alaska Tropical Western Pacific Site Tours Contacts Students Study Hall About ARM Global Warming FAQ Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Unfortunately, we couldn't find that category

  4. Priority Questions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    related to DOE Furnace NOPR LCC model and TSD Priority Questions A) It appears that the assignment of base case efficiency for each individual home is chosen based on a random assignment in the Base Case AFUE sheet D12. This ignores the likelihood that there is an economic motive for consumers in selecting condensing vs. non-condensing furnaces. That is, consumers who have good payback economics for condensing furnaces are actually less likely to be affected by a rule than those with poor

  5. Executive Branch Management Scorecard | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Branch Management Scorecard Executive Branch Management Scorecard PDF icon Executive Branch Management Scorecard More Documents & Publications Executive Branch Management Scorecard ...

  6. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ana Kata Dimension You Wrote: One day I was sitting in my living room, reading a book on physics, an idea occurred to me. (This idea probably may be unscientific and unreasonable, but read the rest of this letter anyway.) This is, specifically, a question about dimensional physics (that's probably not the real term for this branch of physics). From now-on, I will refer to the ana/kata dimension (the fourth spatial) dimension as the fourth dimension rather than the fifth dimension, even though

  7. Radioiodinated branched carbohydrates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goodman, Mark M.; Knapp, Jr., Furn F.

    1989-01-01

    A radioiodinated branched carbohydrate for tissue imaging. Iodine-123 is stabilized in the compound by attaching it to a vinyl functional group that is on the carbohydrate. The compound exhibits good uptake and retention and is promising in the development of radiopharmaceuticals for brain, heart and tumor imaging.

  8. Long Branch Capital | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Branch Capital Jump to: navigation, search Name: Long Branch Capital Place: Austin, Texas Zip: 78744 Sector: Efficiency, Renewable Energy Product: Long Branch Capital makes...

  9. Last Call for Questions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Just a quick reminder that the deadline for submitting your home energy efficiency questions directly to Secretary Chu is midnight tonight (10/07). The Secretary will personally respond to some of the questions next week.

  10. ARM - Science Questions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Questions Related Links MC3E Home News News & Press MC3E Backgrounder (PDF, 1.61MB) SGP Images ARM flickr site Field Blog ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Deployment Operations Measurements Science Plan (PDF, 3.85 MB) Featured Data Plots SGP Data Plots (all) Experiment Planning Steering Committee Science Questions MC3E Proposal Abstract and Related Campaigns Meetings Cloud Life Cycle Working Group Contacts Michael Jensen, Lead Scientist Science Questions This experiment seeks to use a

  11. ARM - Science Questions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Questions Related Links SPARTICUS Home AAF Home Deployment Operations Measurements SGP Data Plots NASA Data Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Experiment Planning SPARTICUS Proposal Abstract Science Questions Science and Operations (PDF, 1.01M) SPARTICUS Wiki News News & Press Backgrounder (PDF, 269K) Contacts Gerald Mace, Lead Scientist Science Questions Scatter plot of ice crystal number concentration from two different probes used during TWP-ICE. The differences are significant

  12. Reliability Question Comment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reliability-Question-Comment Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives...

  13. Unreviewed Safety Question Requirements

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOE G 424.1-1, Implementation Guide for Use in Addressing Unreviewed Safety Question Requirements Performance Objective 1: Contractor Program Documentation 1. The USQ ...

  14. Frequently Asked Questions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Frequently asked questions (FAQs) and their corresponding answers regarding industrial distributed energy (DE) and combined heat and power (CHP) are provided below.

  15. Problem of Questioning

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    Le Prof.Leprince-Ringuet, chercheur sur le plan scientifique, artistique et humain, parle de la remise en question des hommes et la remise en question scientifique fondamentale ou exemplaire- plusieurs personnes prennent la parole p.ex Jeanmairet, Adam, Gregory. Le Prof.Gregory clot la soirée en remerciant le Prof.Leprince-Ringuet

  16. ARM - AMF Science Questions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Questions Science Plan (PDF, 4.4M) Rob Wood Website Outreach Backgrounders English Version (PDF, 363K) Portuguese Version (PDF, 327K) AMF Posters, 2009 English Version...

  17. ARM - Science Questions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Questions Related Links CLASIC Home AAF Home ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Post-Campaign CLASIC/CHAPS Special Session at AGU Annual Meeting, December 15-19 CLASIC Workshop, March 26-27 Data Sets Deployment Resources Measurement Platforms PNNL WRF-CuP Forecast Cloud Physics Lidar MODIS Airborne Simulator Data Mesonet Monitoring ARM Data Plots Experiment Planning CLASIC Proposal Abstract Science Questions Science and Implementation Plan (pdf) Measurement Platforms (pdf) CLASIC-Land

  18. ARM - Science Questions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Questions Related Links ISDAC Home AAF Home AVP Aircraft Instrumentation, October 14-16, 2008 ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Post-Campaign Data Sets Flight Summary Table (PDF, 440K) ISDAC Wiki Mission Summary Journal Deployment Resources NSA Site ARM Data Plots Quick Links Experiment Planning ISDAC Proposal Abstract Full Proposal (pdf, 1,735K) Science Questions Science Overview Document for ISDAC (pdf, 525K) ISDAC Flight Planning Document (PDF, 216K) Collaborations Logistics Measurements

  19. Frequently Asked Questions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frequently Asked Questions Frequently Asked Questions 1. Does the State of Idaho have a Freedom of Information Act? Yes, it is called the "Public Records - Right to Examine", Idaho State Code 9-338. Please contact the appropriate state agency directly for the records you want. 2. Can I get a fee waiver for my requested document? DOE may determine to waive or reduce fees in cases where furnishing the information primarily benefits the general public by significantly assisting citizens

  20. Question and Answer to Procedural Questions on Application for Rehearing :

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Order No. 202-05-02 | Department of Energy Question and Answer to Procedural Questions on Application for Rehearing : Order No. 202-05-02 Question and Answer to Procedural Questions on Application for Rehearing : Order No. 202-05-02 Docket No. EO-05-01, Order No. 202-05-02: Question and Answer to Procedural Questions on Application for Rehearing Question and Answer to Procedural Questions on Application for Rehearing : Order No. 202-05-02 (12.25 KB) More Documents & Publications Comments

  1. Questions and Responses

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Responses: Question 1: Would the Government consider accepting either CMMI-DEV or CMMI-SVC Level 3 or higher since there is majority of process areas are shared between the two constellations and repeatability of processes will not be reduced since both will require Level 3 or higher? Government Response: The Government has determined that CMMI-SVC is a relatively new methodology and is in agreement that there is a considerable overlap of process areas shared between the two constellations. The

  2. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    your question. Sincerely, Judy Jackson, Fermilab Office of Public Affairs Hugh Montgomery, Fermilab D0 Experiment Back to Questions About Physics Main Page last modified 1...

  3. Frequently Asked Questions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Questions Where do we meet the first day? We will meet at the Los Alamos Research Park (4200 Casa Grande Dr., Los Alamos, NM 87544) Suite 300 at 8:00 on the first day. What is the dress code? Students dress casually at LANL, particularly during the summer. Shorts and T-shirts are fine, but business attire is suggested when giving presentations. When working in the labs, expect to wear closed-toe shoes (no flip-flops). It is not O.K. to go bare foot while on site at the summer school. What will

  4. H. UNREVIEWED SAFETY QUESTIONS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3 Department of Energy Pt. 835 H. UNREVIEWED SAFETY QUESTIONS 1. The USQ process is an important tool to evaluate whether changes affect the safety basis. A contractor must use the USQ proc- ess to ensure that the safety basis for a DOE nuclear facility is not undermined by changes in the facility, the work performed, the associated hazards, or other factors that support the adequacy of the safety basis. 2. The USQ process permits a contractor to make physical and procedural changes to a nuclear

  5. Town Hall Questions Answered

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8, 2014 CBFO Manager's weekly update to local residents Read Carlsbad Field Office Manager Joe Franco's letter to Eddy and Lea County residents for the week of April 14: at http://1.usa.gov/1mkxm7b Town Hall Questions Answered Q. What is the condition of Panel 7 right now? A. Work teams entering the underground facility as part of ongoing Phase 3 activities are still working to determine the full condition of Panel 7. Initial entries indicate good roof conditions. Q. What's the presumed reason

  6. Question 3: Industry outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrigg, J.A.; Crespo, J.R.; Croom, J.H.; Davis, E.B. Jr.; Green, R.C. Jr.; Hale, R.W.; Howard, J.J.; McCormick, W.T. Jr.; Page, T.A.; Ryan, W.F.; Schrader, T.F.; Schuchart, J.A.; Smith, J.F.; Stys, R.D.

    1990-10-25

    This article is a collection of responses from natural gas distribution company representatives to questions on what they believe is the most important problem facing local distribution companies today and how are they positioning their companies to respond to the problem. Topics include remaining competitive in a changing market and business environment, proper pricing of services, procurement and marketing of natural gas, avoiding gas shortages from deliverability problems, coordination with state regulators on relevant issues such as cost recovery and rate structures, diversification of natural gas sources, regulation, service to customers, bypassing of local utilities, unbundling of rates and services at the pipeline level, and nonutility electric generators.

  7. Doing Business Frequently Asked Questions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The following are frequently asked questions about working with in partnership with DOE laboratories.

  8. Solid State Photovoltaic Research Branch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-09-01

    This report summarizes the progress of the Solid State Photovoltaic Research Branch of the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) from October 1, 1988, through September 30,l 1989. Six technical sections of the report cover these main areas of SERIs in-house research: Semiconductor Crystal Growth, Amorphous Silicon Research, Polycrystalline Thin Films, III-V High-Efficiency Photovoltaic Cells, Solid-State Theory, and Laser Raman and Luminescence Spectroscopy. Sections have been indexed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  9. Walker Branch Watershed Ecosystems Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Walker Branch Watershed is located on the U. S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge Reservation near Oak Ridge, in Anderson County, Tennessee. The Walker Branch Watershed Project began in 1967 under sponsorship of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission (now the U. S. Department of Energy). Initially, the project centered primarily on the geologic and hydrologic processes that control the amounts and chemistry of water moving through the watershed. Past projects have included: • U. S. Department of Energy funded studies of watershed hydrology and forest nutrient dynamics • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration funded studies of forest micrometeorology • Studies of atmospheric deposition under the National Atmospheric Deposition Program • The International Biological Program Eastern Deciduous Forest Biome Project • National Science Foundation sponsored studies of trace element cycling and stream nutrient spiraling • Electric Power Research Institute funded studies of the effects of acidic deposition on canopy processes and soil chemistry. These projects have all contributed to a more complete understanding of how forest watersheds function and have provided insights into the solution of energy-related problems associated with air pollution, contaminant transport, and forest nutrient dynamics. This is one of a few sites in the world characterized by long-term, intensive environmental studies. The Walker Branch Watershed website at http://walkerbranch.ornl.gov/ provides maps, photographs, and data on climate, precipitation, atmospheric deposition, stream discharge and runoff, stream chemistry, and vegetation. [Taken from http://walkerbranch.ornl.gov/ABOUTAAA.HTM

  10. Hawaii Wastewater Branch Webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Hawaii Wastewater Branch Webpage Abstract This is the webpage of the Wastewater Branch of the...

  11. Walker Branch Watershed Ecosystems Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    These projects have all contributed to a more complete understanding of how forest watersheds function and have provided insights into the solution of energy-related problems associated with air pollution, contaminant transport, and forest nutrient dynamics. This is one of a few sites in the world characterized by long-term, intensive environmental studies. The Walker Branch Watershed website at http://walkerbranch.ornl.gov/ provides maps, photographs, and data on climate, precipitation, atmospheric deposition, stream discharge and runoff, stream chemistry, and vegetation. [Taken from http://walkerbranch.ornl.gov/ABOUTAAA.HTM

  12. QER- Comment of Rachel Branch

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    April 20, 2014 I hereby respectfully request that the Department of Energy Quadrennial Energy Review Task Force on the Infrastructure Constraints in New England oppose any new development or building of any more fossil fuel infrastructure and only allow the repair of existing infrastructure that is absolutely necessary as we transition to sustainable, renewable sources. Further, I respectfully request that any and all subsidies, tax incentives and/or tax exemptions hereinafter be appropriated and/or directed only to sustainable, renewable sources, i. e., solar, wind, and hydro energy, and development of electrical storage capacities for those sustainable and renewable sources. I further request that any funds spent to push for fossil fuel infrastructure be transparent to the general public. As you are holding meetings in Providence and Hartford, when will your meeting in Massachusetts be scheduled so that Commonwealth of Massachusetts residents can participate? Respectfully submitted, Rachel I. Branch

  13. Vegetation survey of PEN Branch wetlands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    A survey was conducted of vegetation along Pen Branch Creek at Savannah River Site (SRS) in support of K-Reactor restart. Plants were identified to species by overstory, understory, shrub, and groundcover strata. Abundance was also characterized and richness and diversity calculated. Based on woody species basal area, the Pen Branch delta was the most impacted, followed by the sections between the reactor and the delta. Species richness for shrub and groundcover strata were also lowest in the delta. No endangered plant species were found. Three upland pine areas were also sampled. In support of K Reactor restart, this report summarizes a study of the wetland vegetation along Pen Branch. Reactor effluent enters Indian Grove Branch and then flows into Pen Branch and the Pen Branch Delta.

  14. Microsoft Word - General-questions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    questions for operating facilities and on-going programs (1) What major scientific accomplishments and discoveries have occurred in your research area or at your facility since the...

  15. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Centripedal Forces Plus Relativity You wrote: Hello, I'm not sure if this address is the right one to write to asking a physics question. But I saw a list of questions and answers at the page with this address. Therefore, I would be very grateful if you could forward this question to someone who answers it. Question: I have some problems understanding centripetal and centrifugal force. As I see it, these are a result of a type of acceleration. I'm quite sure, in space these forces also

  16. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    How many neutrons? Dear Mrs. Pordes, Hello. My name is Andrew Schmidt. I am writing to you concerning a question I have. I am in your daughters science class and it would be greatly appreciated if you could help me. My question is: What happens when you vary he number of neutrons in an element? Any assistence you could give me to help answer this question would be great. Thanks. andrew s. Dear Mr. Schmidt, The simple answer to your question is to say that you make "isotopes" of the

  17. Construction Branch Electrician & Lead Electrician | Princeton...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Construction Branch Electrician & Lead Electrician Department: Engineering Supervisor(s): ... devices, and assist with the construction and repair of facilities on the PPPL campus. ...

  18. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rotation of Black Holes Hello Alyssa -- The questions you sent to Fermilab about physics didn't get lost, they just got routed to a couple of lazy postdocs. That's why it took so long to get back to you. Anyway, we thought that these were such good questions that _two_ of us decided to take a crack at answering them! Below are your questions and answers from me and from my colleague Andrew Sornborger. You'll notice that sometimes we say almost exactly the same thing, and sometimes we give

  19. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electro-magnet Dear Sir, I have been set a physics assignment and I need to find out why the current effects the strength of an electro-magnet. If you know the answer I would really appreciate it if you could send it to me. That would be awesome. Thanks Luke Luke - Hello. I am a scientist here at Fermilab and your question got forwarded to me. In some sense it is a question with an easy answer, but like most science, you can keep probing the answer until you reach a question that can't be

  20. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Light from a fast car I hope you have the time to answer this question. It's been an on-going dispute between my friends and [me]. Theorhetical Question: If a vehicle was traveling at the speed of light and a light source was emitted from the vehicle would there be a visible beam of light? Please help me. Thanks. "Opinions expressed are mine and not those of Rohm and Haas Company" The most likely reason for the dispute is that the question is not especially well-posed. By

  1. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Question on Red Shift Dear Fermilab: I have a question, but first, thank you for the terrific new web site. You did a fantastic job. Question: Where does present theory say the energy of a red shifted photon goes? The idea that universal expansion is responsible for the red shift of intergalactic light would seem correct if light were a continuous wave. However, since a photon is a quantum of energy, and since the entire photon is presumably captured, the photon should still have the same amount

  2. Draft RFP - Questions and Answers

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    DE-SOL-0005982 175. Question: Attachment 1, Performance Work Statement: For UGTA drilling activities, there is no mention of whether the contractor of or the M&O...

  3. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Radiation from particle annihilation How much energy is created when the particle-antiparticle annihilate? Does it release a large amount of radiation? If so, about how many rads? Heather Dear Heather, I am Don Cossairt, a physicist, and I am also the Associate Head for Radiation Protection in Fermilab's Environment, Safety, and Health Section. The Fermilab Public Affairs Office forwarded to me your question about particle-antiparticle annihilation that I am happy to try to answer your question

  4. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Software Programming in Particle Detectors Question: Is it possible to use software programing in particle detectors to develop a program that can interpert data of passive radar? Answer: Thanks for sending your question. The answer greatly depends on the type of data the radar is creating and the signal you are looking for. The particle physics software is used to identify tracks of particles, that is, the imaginary lines that particles leave behind inside a set of detectors. Similar to bullets

  5. MOU Frequently Asked Questions | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MOU Frequently Asked Questions Coming Soon Return to FAQ's

  6. Unreviewed Safety Question (USQ) Process Rev

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Unreviewed Safety Question (USQ) Process Rev . 0 USQ Determination Worksheet "'-'-, Los Alamos * ... .. t .:. , :; - .. .. . 1 UNREVIEWED SAFETY QUESTION DETERMINATION ...

  7. FY 1990 Applied Sciences Branch annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keyes, B.M.; Dippo, P.C.

    1991-11-01

    The Applied Sciences Branch actively supports the advancement of DOE/SERI goals for the development and implementation of the solar photovoltaic technology. The primary focus of the laboratories is to provide state-of-the-art analytical capabilities for materials and device characterization and fabrication. The branch houses a comprehensive facility which is capable of providing information on the full range of photovoltaic components. A major objective of the branch is to aggressively pursue collaborative research with other government laboratories, universities, and industrial firms for the advancement of photovoltaic technologies. Members of the branch disseminate research findings to the technical community in publications and presentations. This report contains information on surface and interface analysis, materials characterization, development, electro-optical characterization module testing and performance, surface interactions and FTIR spectroscopy.

  8. EA-263 UBS AG, London Branch | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EA-263 UBS AG, London Branch Order authorizing UBS AG, London Branch to export electric energy to Mexico. PDF icon EA-263 UBS AG, London Branch More Documents & Publications EA-232 ...

  9. Cow Branch Wind Energy Center Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cow Branch Wind Energy Center Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Cow Branch Wind Energy Center Wind Farm Facility Cow Branch Wind Energy Center Sector Wind energy Facility...

  10. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Antihydrogen Sir, My name is Josh Epstein. I am a high School Student at Paola High School in Kansas. I was viewing your page on Antihydrogen and I had a few questions. If you are not qualified to answer these questions, please refer this E-Mail to one wyho can. What is the next logical step in the development of antihydrogen as a power source. Would the same relative makeup of a compound have to be duplicated in the "antii-sense" to make it susceptible to m/am annihalation? I.E. To

  11. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Question on Antimatter I am an undergraduate student at the University of Minnesota at Duluth. I am doing a research paper on the need to increase alternative/new energy R&D funding. I would appreciate it if you could answer a couple of questions for me. Steven, My name is Glenn Blanford. In addition to working with Fermilab's Public Affairs Office, I am a researcher on the Antihydrogen Production experiment, E862, a small group (8) who have started to observe antihydrogen atoms (at

  12. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    You Wrote: Hi my question is what is the number of atoms in the world and why don't scientist agree on one number for them. Thank you. Hi, the answer to your question by its very nature can not be terribly accurate. However, when I pull down my copy of a college physics book, I find that it lists the mass of the earth as (6 x 10^24 kg). The mass of a proton or neutron is (1.67 x 10^-27 kg). Consequently, you can say to mediocre accuracy that the number of protons or neutrons in the earth is

  13. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Question: From smaller than atoms to larger than galaxies structures spin and in doing so the centrifugal force throws things outward. Might not the Universe as a whole be spinning on an axis and what we currently ascribe to a mysterious repulsive force be a centrifugal force throwing things outward? Thrown out rather than pushed or drawn? Dan Answer: Hi Dan, You ask an interesting question and I know the straight forward answer which is: If the universe was rotating, it would be rotating about

  14. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Centripetal or Centrifugal Force? You Wrote: A recent debate ended in a total draw. It was concverning centrifugal force, or its lack there of. Both sides of the argument stand for and against this common rule of physics. Centripital force was the only force affecting rotating objects, one litigator announced. My question for you is, is there such a thing as centrifugal force, or has it proven to be non-existent? Thank You very much A mediating Scientist Hi, thanks for your question, you are

  15. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Color of Atoms Mr. Pordes- I have a question for science. As you probably know, we have been studying all about particles and the particle model of matter and John Dalton and everything like that. My question is though, are all atoms the same color? And if so, or even if not, how do you know?! Since they are so small, how can you see what color they are. Or do you not know? Thank you so much for your time! If you could write back with an answer, I would appreciate it! Thanks! Sincerely, Kelly

  16. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Movement of the Electron Around the Nucleus Question: It is very enlightening to read your research and very delightfull to explore our world. Why does the electron have to move around the Nucleus? Why does it not loose energy moving around it? If you say that they move in fixed energy orbits why the electron still have to rotate? Lastly what decides the energy orbits? Thanks so much. -Arvind Answer: Dear Arvind, You raise some really good questions: Why does the electron have to move around the

  17. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Which Atoms Can Give Electrons to Other Atoms? Dear Miss Alonso, This is a very good question, and the answer is rather complex. The first question is "how do scientists know which atoms can give electrons to other atoms?" We know from experiments on substances and from basic scientific calculations on the structure of an atom. If you have a sample of sodium and a sample of chlorine, you can measure how easily these substances combine. In this case, the combine very easily and release

  18. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Question about Radioactive Decay Dear Webmaster, What is the actual 'event' that causes an unstable isotope (Ex: C(14)) to decay? I know that a neutron splits into an electron and a proton during radioactive decay, but what causes this to happen? Is it a roll of the dice, or some nuclear force gone astray? Thanks for your help! Dave Morris Dear Dave, The answer to both your questions is YES ! Sort of. The decay is random, but the probability of it taking place depends on the nuclear force (but

  19. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Is gravity a particle or a wave? You Wrote: Is gravity a particle or a wave? Is the concept of gravity the same as the subatomic Graviton? Can it be a particle or a wave? Or both? Thanks, T.K. Dear T.K., Your questions struck right at the center of one of the hottest and most challenging research topics in physics. So far, physicists don't know the full answers to all your questions. Although gravity is well understood at the macroscopic (every-day-life) scale, scientists are far from

  20. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Stretched By a Black Hole? You Wrote: Thank you for a very satisfactory answer to a question I asked at the end of January. I have another question. Is there a way to figure out the rate of change of acceleration, a, as one moves away from a body? At the surface of Earth a is approximately equal to 9.8 m/s2, what would a be at .5 au or any other distance to any other bodies of different masses? I am a retired person, non university type, with a keen interest in science, particularly in the

  1. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    boson Elisabeth, You asked: Could you help me with the following question. Is there any evidense for the existence of the Higgs bosson or Higgs field? According to the New Scientist magazine Cerns LEP should have had enough energy to create the Higgs particles but it was not detected. Thankyou very much Elisabeth Hi Elisabeth, You asked a good question. Yes, over the last ten years the evidence for the Higgs boson (or something like it) has been mounting. The many kinds of measurements we make

  2. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Motion in the Universe Question: I am interested in the concept of absolute 'still' vs. all the speed references we have. I have been attempting to calculate the speed at which an individual is traveling through the universe when standing 'still'. i.e., the rotation speed of the earth, the speed of the orbit of the earth around the sun, the solar system withing our galaxy, the galaxy...etc. The odd question that struck me was that given all the relativity applications and explainations, is there

  3. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Negative pressure in the universe Dear Mr. Miller, I am in the theoretical astrophysics group at Fermilab. You recently sent a question to Glenn Blanford about negative pressure in the universe. Here is an attempt at an answer: I recently read the article in Fermi News entitled Depatment of (Missing) Energy ( see FermiNews98-05-15.pdf). In the article a property called "negative presure" was discused. My question is: Is this negative pressure the result of a particle that would be the

  4. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Using an accelerator to create a new element Hello, My name is Andrew and I was wondering if this is the right email forum for my question. I am only 11 so my question is as follows: I am thinking of creating a new element and I need a particle accelerator to do it, so I was wondering if I could use yours. I also have some others ideas. Please contact me A.S.A.P. Thank you for reading this e-mail. Sincerely, Andrew Dear Andrew, Thank you for your email. I'm glad to hear from a young person who

  5. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Potential Barriers Hi. Is it possible to experimentally prove my following question AND my following analogous question? Does a particle really go through a wall or through a potential barrier, or is it possible that a) a particle hits the wall, and the energy is transferred (just like those balls on the double strings that tranfer energy to the last ball) until the other side of the wall emits it's own electron? Perhaps the tranfer of energy has identical velocity as the particle, or b) that

  6. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Radiation Direction Hello, What is the direction of radiation emitted from an atom ? Thanks, Bob Patton Bob, Your question has always been an area of research whenever new processes are found and is a very valid one. The answer depends on the specific process in question. For one thing, a coordinate system must be chosen. If the atom is moving, then you, might use the momentum vector of the atom as the direction of reference. Usually with atoms though, the problem is solved in the rest frame. If

  7. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Resonances Dear J. Oldendick, Your questions were forwarded to me. I hope you find these answers helpful. You were right that the answers to the questions about resonances and atomic levels are related, and that the uncertainty principle is involved. Let me get back to them. First you ask, "Why is the cross section for compound nucleus formation not zero between resonances?" In case you are asking this because you've seen a plot of nuclear cross sections, let me point out that the

  8. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hello, I am so happy to visited your site It was full of answers to my questions!! So, I have a question about thermal Energy...We have some kind of energy in the world. electric energy, electromagnetic energy, gravity energy and thermal energy and we know that other energies are combination of these energies. So, we can suppose these energies depended on a fields.for example electric energy is created by electric field and we can divergence from this field becouse it is vector field but for

  9. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Vacuum You wrote: I'm Stephen and I moderate a theoretical physics forum at physicsforums.com. Is it possible to increase the probability that virtual particles will appear in a vacuum? I was posed this question from a member and i do not have a definite answer in my reference materials. I would greatly appreciate any response as to how/why if the question has a yes answer. Thank you for your time. Regards, Stephen J Hall, Theoretical Physics moderator PS. if you are ever browsing the net and

  10. Hawaii Department of Health Indoor and Radiological Health Branch...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Indoor and Radiological Health Branch Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hawaii Department of Health Indoor and Radiological Health Branch From Open Energy Information Address: 591...

  11. Hawaii Department of Health Solid and Hazardous Waste Branch...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Hazardous Waste Branch Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hawaii Department of Health Solid and Hazardous Waste Branch Address: 919 Ala Moana Boulevard 212 Place: Honolulu,...

  12. Utah DEQ Air Permitting Branch Webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    link for Utah DEQ Air Permitting Branch Webpage Citation Utah Department of Environmental Quality. Utah DEQ Air Permitting Branch Webpage Internet. State of Utah. cited 201411...

  13. Microbial production of wax esters from highly branched alkanes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bogan, William W.; Sullivan, Wendy R.; Paterek, James R.

    2005-02-01

    A microbial culture and method for producing wax esters using highly branched alkanes. In accordance with one embodiment, the highly branched alkane is squalane.

  14. Multifamily Weatherization Frequently Asked Questions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Multifamily Weatherization Frequently Asked Questions 1. How do Grantees define a multifamily building? It depends. There is not one all-encompassing definition for multifamily buildings and how they are addressed within WAP. There are nuances related to multifamily eligibility, multifamily auditing, and multifamily reporting that each carry their own definitions.  Eligibility: In order to be eligible for WAP funding, one of the following must be true: o At least 50% of the residential units

  15. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Empty Universe You wrote: Madam/sir, Is it true that a completely empty universe, without any object, without any particle, a mere void, would be twodimensional? Jod Dear Jod, According to Einstein's general relativity, a completely empty universe could have any number of spatial dimensions. String theory would say that an empty universe should have 10 spatial dimensions. I hope this is helpful. Fermilab Physicist Back to Questions About Physics Main Page last modified 11/15

  16. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Impact of the Accelerator on the Environment Question: Some cubic thermodynamical equations of state predict negative pressures, have negative pressures any physical meaning? Could they be related to negative mass? Silvia, Mexico Answer: Dear Silvia, The short answer is that a system with negative pressure must be unstable, and thus, there are no thermodynamic states of a system with negative pressure. The reason for this is simple: The second law of thermodynamics tells us that all

  17. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    You wrote: What are the products from an encounter between a neutrino and an anti-neutrino? Dear Mr. Moore: The question of a neutrino and anti-neutrino encounter is interesting. First of all, the strength of the neutrino interaction is very weak, even neutrino interactions with protons or neutrons are very rare but we do measure them in experiments at Fermilab. The probability of a neutrino - antineutrino interaction is so small that it has never been directly observed. Such interactions to

  18. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Question: Do you think it is possible that the velocity of an object in space determines the force of the vacuum it travels through? - Donald E. Sterling Answer: Dear Mr. Sterling, The faster a particle travels through vacuum, the more likely it is that the particle will interact with virtual particles contained in the vacuum. (At a quantum level, a vacuum is far from being empty.) Based on this quantum phenomena, scientists have predicted a maximum energy with which particles can travel long

  19. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    What are the virtual particles? You Wrote: What are the virtual particles? What does it mean - "virtual"? Sincerely, Anthony Petrov. Hi, you ask another very good question. "Virtual particles" are real -- they exist in that they can be detected and can interact. But they are fleeting -- they are soon gone with no trace of their existence. This phenomenon is related to the Heisenberg uncertainty principle of quantum physics. Uncertainty in time multiplied by uncertainty in

  20. 10 CFR 707 Frequently Asked Questions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NOTE: The Questions on this site were compiled from questions asked during the four DOE complex wide tele-videos, as well as, questions submitted by e-mail and telephone. The answers provided are...

  1. Appendix C: Examples of review questions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    This set of review questions was pulled from a number of EERE evaluations by the PEER Review Task Force and organized to show how questions for assessing a program differ from questions for assessing projects that make up that program.

  2. Comments/Questions? | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Comments/Questions? Name (optional): Email Address (optional): Comment/Question: * CAPTCHA This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Submit

  3. Jr., Process Development Branch Construction Division SUBJECT:

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    FR?M : Jr., Process Development Branch Construction Division SUBJECT: INING TESTS AT BOWEN ENGINEERING, INC. - M A Y 16 AND 16,!1961 SYMBOL! EPD:ABBrbt I REY~AKC~: &DiVE;G?i&)il [q a 1 $ a, " I On day 16 and 16,,1951 Bowen Engineering, Inc. made test rune on ypray calcining of boiled-down Mallinokrodt pitohblende raffinate. Theqe rune were made in Bowen'e laboratory unit et North Branch, NT Jel;sey. The initial results indicate that raffidate &$be euocessfully epray oalcined to

  4. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Welcome to the Frequently Asked Questions page. We hope that your questions are easily answered in this section. If not, please contact us. Non-Disclosure Agreements Partnering Mechanisms: CRADA/SPP/TSA MOU - Coming Soon MTA - Coming Soon Invention Disclosure and Patents Scientific and Technical Information Publications Office of Research Opportunities - Coming Soon Detailed Questions If you have a detailed question(s) that our FAQs do not answer, please contact

  5. LED Frequently Asked Questions | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Frequently Asked Questions LED Frequently Asked Questions EERE Solid-State Lighting LED Factsheet PDF icon ledbasics.pdf More Documents & Publications LED Frequently Asked ...

  6. Policy Questions on Energy Storage Technologies | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Policy Questions on Energy Storage Technologies Policy Questions on Energy Storage Technologies Memorandum from the Electricity Advisory Committee to Secretary Chu and Assistant ...

  7. NPDES Questions & Answers | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Questions & Answers: SWRCB State NPDES Permit Information, current through August 14, 2014. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2014 Legal Citation NPDES Questions &...

  8. Digital Data Management Frequently Asked Questions | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Frequently Asked Questions Digital Data Management Frequently Asked Questions Submitting a Data Management Plan 1. I am submitting an applicationproposal for research funding in ...

  9. Appendix 12: Frequently Asked Questions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    12: Frequently Asked Questions Q1: If a Recipient's grant is closed out, do they have to continue to report? A1: Yes. As long as the funds remain in a Financing Program, they retain their federal character, and the Recipient must continue to report. Q2: A Recipient determines that there is no longer demand for their residential RLF for energy efficiency upgrades. The Recipient would like to repurpose the funds for an energy audit and lighting upgrade of City Hall. What are the responsibilities

  10. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Impact of the Accelerator on the Environment Question: How many studies have been done to figure out what escapes from the accelerators into the environment and how much of it escapes? I heard from a tour guide that there was no environmental impact, but I don't believe it. How can something dealing with so much energy and traveling so fast not have some of that energy escape into the environment? Have you done research on things like insect life, water life and plant growth in the areas near

  11. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Power of the Tevatron Question: How powerful is Fermilab's accelerator in volts, amperes and watts? Aaron Nelson Answer: Dear Aaron, Fermilab's most powerful accelerator, the Tevatron, accelerates protons to an energy of 1,000 gigaelectronvolts(1,000 GeV), or 1,000 billion electronvolts. This energy corresponds to each proton traversing a voltage of 1,000 billion volts. In practical terms, the protons achieve this energy by traveling in a circle and passing an electric field 47,000 times per

  12. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Big Bang & Bosons Glenn, I guess what I want to ask you is a stupid question. But since I am a lay person with a lot of curiousity let me be bold enough to ask it. I understand the the standard particle theory says that large masses indicated by boson masses can only be created by lots power in accelerators. That is why the supercollider would have been great. But how does this relate if the Big Bang theory is correct? What does the current trend in elementary particle physics have to do to

  13. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Blackholes Dear Juan, You asked: according to scientists,inside a black hole's event horizon nothing is able to come out, even light. also it is believed that gravity is produced by gravitrons, just like the strong force is produced by gluons,right?ok here is my question.If the gravitrons act like the gluons,how do they come out of the event horizon to atrract bodies floating outside the black hole's event horizon. or do they atract bodies just by circling at the edge of the event horizon Juan

  14. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hello, At least some contemporary big bang theories begin with the entire universe packed into a very small, atom sized volume. Since black hole densities can be achieved by compressing the earth to the size of a marble; it seems that the early universe would have been dense enough to be a black hole and would have never expanded. Are the theories of the big bang and black holes at odds? Thanks, Doug McAllister Tulsa Hello Doug, That is a very good question. The big bang theory and the existence

  15. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bosons and Antiparticles You asked: hi, i am an undergraduate student. I have a question on anti-particle. Is there negative energy state for the boson in the relativistic quantum mechanic? Then how the anti-particle of bosons can be understood with the comparision to the existance of the positron by the Dirac's negative sea (since boson do not obey the exclusion principle)? Thank You for your help There is no negative energy state for the bosons. The bosons do not have anti-particles! In fact

  16. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cosmic rays You asked: Hi, I had just a couple of questions 1) What are cosmic rays made of? If it is not known, what do the early reports say on the compostition of cosmic rays? 2)Will this add/ refine/ or refute the Standard Model? Thanks Goonjan Shah Goonjan: The composition of cosmic rays appears to change with energy. At energies of about 10**18 eV and higher the composition begins to become lighter. That is, the composition changes from heavier nuclei (up to iron) to light nuclei, mostly

  17. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    How does an electron on a 2p orbital cross the node of nucleus? To Fermilab, I have a question that needs answering for my chemistry class. In an atom, how does an electron on a 2p (bell shaped) orbital cross the node of the nucleus (a region of zero probability)? Does it have something to do with the wave properties of an electron? I cannot find the answer on the internet or in my chemistry book. Thank you very much. Danny Hi Danny, It does have something to do with the wave properties of the

  18. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Early Universe Question Greetings Well, you most likely receive a billion messages a day from nuts like me, but here's another one for you. Before the big bang, when there was just random endergy fluctuations in this empty void. At this point, before the particle that blew up, is it possible that there could have been one dimension raining supreme, a dimension which, when seperated, become the four distinct dimensions we now live in? What I'm trying to say is, when the universe was formed,

  19. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electric Fields You asked: I have a question about electric fields. I have seen in many texbooks that show that for a negative charge, the electric field goes into itself or inwards, and it shows arrows that go into the core of the negative charge. And for the positive charge, the field goes outwards and has arrows that go outwards. But this doesn't explain how the two charges attract. Who is doing the attracting. You could say, that the positive charge is moving towards the negative charge

  20. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    You Wrote: What is in the area between sub atomic particles? Does this area when accelerated give off more light or does it get darker? If you were to accelerate a flashlight would the electron flow through the filament slow down? Can we determine how fast something is traveling by the amount of light it releases? How does acceleration produce light? Thank You Tom Dear Tom, Wow, that's an interesting set of questions on the topic of "light emitted by particles." I tried to reorder your

  1. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Particle vs. Wave, etc. You Wrote: Thank you for writing back. Please try to answer as many questions as you can. Thanks:) Are quarks particles are waves? What about photons, I have heard from a friend experiments conducted proved it both a particle and a wave? Do quarks have spin? How can you tell? What in an atom is waves? Do protons spin in the same direction as electrons? When you say color do you really mean as you can see a color on a quark or is it just a simplified method of combining?

  2. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    What is in the future for physics? You wrote: We are constantly preoccupied with the next steps in our sciences. I would be interested to know, in your opinion, what the next fifteen steps are likely to be in physics in the 21st Century. With thanks for your time Stephanie G. Dear Stephanie: Your question regarding the far distant goals/discoveries of physics is obviously very difficult to answer. In particular, physics is such a vast field that it is already difficult for me to do justice to

  3. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Graviton Question I am a sophomore in high school writing a reaserch paper for my honors chemistry class. While gathering information from the local libraries one book mentioned a theoretical boson called a graviton that would be responsible for the force of gravity. Could such a particle exist or is there any evidence that it might exist? If so, are there any efforts under way to try to discover it? I haven't been able to find very much information about this subject, or maybe im just looking

  4. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    High Frequency Beams Hi, I'm a physics student and I love the work you are doing at Fermilab. I've been watching closely your progress and I believe some of the best mind are working there. My question is about high frequency beams. I'd like to know what are the highest frequencies (in Hz) you have been using at Fermilab and in what kind of research. What is the theoretical limit for frequencies and how far are we from it? I'd really apreciate your answer. Thank you very much. Best regards,

  5. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Photons and the Higgs field You asked: If all particles except photons and gluons acquire "mass" by theoretically interacting with the Higgs field and mass is felt by the gravitation field. Then why do photons curve around large bodies and can not leave a black hole? Don Dear Don: It is true that photons and gluons are massless, and that to the best of our theoretical knowledge, the other particles acquire mass by interacting with the Higgs field. But to answer your question, we need

  6. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Home made particle detector Question: Would it be possible for me to build a small particle detector at home? I would like to observe some of the cosmic ray particles that hit earth. Tom Dear Tom: Yes, absolutely. All you need is a container with vapor, and charged particles zipping through will leave a trail similar to the trails left by air planes in the sky. This type of detector is called a cloud chamber. Instead of writing down all the details, I refer you to a Scientific American website.

  7. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    How do you make protons and antiprotons? You Wrote: In my physical science class we watched a video about how they make quarks. Our teacher told us that for extra credit we could write to you and fund the answer to these two questions: 1. How do they make the protons and antiprotons that are used in quarks? 2. How do they make the electron scanning needle? If you could e-mail me back as soon as possible with the answers I would greatly appreciate it. This extra credit could help my grade a lot.

  8. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    You Wrote: I'm doing a paper on quarks and I'm investigating the discovery of top quark. I have a question on the matter. When you talk about of "jets" of particles, what are you meaning? Lots of particles? Probably is an idiomatic problem because english it is not my mother tongue. Thank you. Alejandro Nieto González ETSIT- Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Spain. Hi Alejandro, When two particles for example a proton and an antiproton collide at high energies many particles are

  9. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Proof of Kepler's law? You Wrote: I have this homework question, my physics teacher said that you can prove Kepler's second law with one quantity of measurement. He hinted us with Mass and that is all he gave....Can you help me on what measurement it is that I need to prove Kepler's second law. thanx a million mark Mark, Greetings, Kepler's second law is that a planet travelling in an elliptical orbit around the sun sweeps out equal areas in equal times. This is basically a statement of

  10. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    You Wrote: Hi...my name is Amy. I'm a high school student in Indonesia. I want to know whether lightning could be an electricity power source, such as water electricity, nuclear electricity, etc. Please reply to my Email because I am doing a paper about lightning electricity. Thank You. Amy, Thank you for your question on lightning electricity. The answer below is from one of Fermilab's utility experts and may be more information than you need for your report. The challenge with electricity in

  11. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    You asked: Why is the top quark so massive? Dear High School Senior: Well, that actually is a question that all physicists would like to be able to answer. The top quark is as heavy as a gold atom--yet it is an elementary particle that, to our present knowledge, cannot be split into subunits. (Be aware that until about 100 years ago, scientists didn't think they could split atoms into smaller subunits.) How does the top quark gets its mass? Like all other particles, the top quark receives its

  12. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The particle model of matter You Wrote: I am a junior high student that has ben assigned to ask the people at Fermi Lab these questions. I would be grateful if you or someone else could send me some reply info. Thank you. 1. do you think the particle model of matter is true? Why? 2. If all matter is made up of particles, then what are particles made up of? Hi Madeline, My name is Andrew Green and I am one of the experimenters at Fermilab. I am actually a graduate student here. I am pleased to

  13. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Why can radio waves pass through a wall but light cannot? Hello, My name is Mike P. and this is my question. If radio & light waves are both properties of the electromagnetic spectrum then why can radio waves pass through walls but light cannot? Thank You Hello Mike P., PART 1. Let me first make sure the terminology we use is right. The words "electromagnetic spectrum" are used to name a group of waves. Not any kind of waves, ( not acoustic, not mechanical waves) but

  14. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Particles from Batavia to Soudan Tom, You asked: I have been reading various pages on the Fermi website and I'm unclear how the particles to be tested get from Batavia to Soudan. Is there a physical connection like a pipeline or is this something that just happens through the earth? Sorry for what's probably a very basic question but I couldn't quite understand that point. Are there articles that explain how this happens? Thanks! Tom Hi Tom, I am a physicist working on the NuMI/MINOS project

  15. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Particle Mass Measurement I don't know weather you can help me but one thing that i have been interested in for the past several years is how the mass of a particle so small can be measured and i was hopeing you might be able to help me. thank you, jeff kirkwood Dear Jeff, A very interesting question. Obviously, we can't just put a subatomic particle on a balance and weigh it. Actually R.A.Millikan did an experiment early in the century where the electric charge to mass ratio of an electron was

  16. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Getting particles for the accelerator Hi I am 11 and my name is Joshua Pevitz. When I grow up I want to work at Fermilab. I was wondering if you could explain to me about how you let only one atom in the accelerator, if everything is made out of atoms? Your admirer, Joshua Pevitz Dear Joshua, Thanks for your interesting question! Let me give you the simple answer first, and then I will explain. We do not let only one atom at a time into the accelerator. Instead we have more than 10 trillion

  17. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Particles and Their Properties Question: I was hoping that you could help me learn how to figure out the number of protons, the number of neutrons, and the number of electrons of a particular atom. For example, oxygen is 8 O 16, I'm not sure how to figure this out. Thanks in advance for your assistance. - D Answer: Dear D: The key properties of an atom (like oxygen) are described by the Atomic Number (which is 8 for Oxygen) and the total number of nucleons (which is 16 for Oxygen). The atomic

  18. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Question: I just wish someone could explain it to me (talking vveerryyy ssllloooowwwlllyyly) so that I can have at least a clue why atoms appear to be little perpetual motion machines that are somehow unaffected by gravity, friction etc. and just keep on going and going (like that bunny). Don't other moving things in this world quickly come to a stop when force is no longer externally applied. Doesn't there HAVE to be an external force or some sort that's being applied (more or less evenly) to

  19. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    How do you define momentum for a photon with no mass? What is symmetry? You asked: Photons are said to have no mass but how is that. The momentum equation is m=velocity*mass so therefore the photon would have no momentum and therefore could not repel the two negatively charged electrons. Was my information right? -What exactly is symmetry laws and gauge symmetry? Dear David: Thank you for your questions. No. The equation momentum=velocity*mass only applies for massive particles. For massless

  20. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Speculations on getting an Instant Cold Drink You wrote: I remember a few years ago reading about a new idea of making it possible for that when you open a can of pop that it will instantly turn cold. For some reason I remember them as saying that it will be out in a few years. I was wondering if you knew how they could do this and as to if it is true and if so, when it will come out - tim Tim, How to create an instant cold drink an interesting question. There are probably engineers in the

  1. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pure Antineutron Beams Hello, I am a physics student in Germany. I haven't had particle physics yet, so I'd be glad if you answered me one question: How do you create more or less pure anti-neutron beams in your accelerator?? I'm sure it's possible somehow but I just don't know the way to relize that. The "options" I got to know by now: collision of anti-protons with carbon nuclei can result in anti-neutrons decay of lambda-particles (how would you create them?) I guess the main

  2. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    You asked: What happens if you take 2 quantum entangled particles, and untangle them and put one of these particles in a blackhole? The other should demonstrate what is going on inside a blackhole; according to Einstien's "spooky action at a distance", right? Wouldn't this violate the principle that no light, or information, escapes a blackhole? Dear Stew, This is an interesting question; it sounds like a variation of the original Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen "paradox". I'm far

  3. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Isolating quarks Ben, You asked: my name is ben thompson and i am student teaching at downers grove north high school. we are doing a unit in electromagnetism and somehow came upon the concept of the quark. i did some web research only to find out a tiny bit about quarks and leptons. the question that one of my students stumped me with was whether or not the scientists at fermi lab have isolated any quarks yet. i do not know, and we have decided to allow you (the knowledgeable) to help us out.

  4. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Length of Particle Accelerators I have six questions. 1. How long is a particle accelerator? 2. Is it true that there are weapons 40 times stronger than the fatman and little boy atomic bombs used in World War II? 3. What does E=mc2 mean? 4. Does electricity in general move at the speed of light? How was fusion discovered? 5. Is it true that the sun is a ball of hydrogen that is in a fusion chain reaction? 6. How can you become a scientific worker at Fermilab? Dear Mr. Bond, I am glad you are

  5. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Question About Splitting Molecules "Can you use particle accelerators to break up molecules into their elements?" The short answer is yes. The long answer is more complicated. You can think of molecules as wads of warm taffy with marbles in it (where the marbles are the atoms, and the warm taffy is what keeps them together). If you look at a marble (atom), you find that it has BB's inside, but they're held together with cold taffy (meaning they are held more firmly). If you continue to

  6. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    How strong is the strong force? You Wrote: How strong is the strong force? I bet you think you asked a simple question. The simple answer is that the strength depends on the range over which it is acting. At short distances the strong force is weak and at long distances it is strong. That is completely different from the other three forces and arises because the forces transmitters, called gluons, are massless and carry strong force charge. I hope that you are still interested in the more

  7. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Density of the Universe Dear Quincy, Thanks for your great questions on the future of the Universe. They made me think a bit. It turns out that I am an experimental physicist at Fermilab who is presently involved with an experiment to detect the dark matter, which you also asked about. You asked: It is known that if the universe's average density is less than a critical value, it will expand forever. If the density is higher than it, the expansion will stop at sometime and the universe will

  8. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Virtual Photon Question Brian, X-URL: http://www.fnal.gov/pub/hep_descript.html Dear Fermilab (or to whom this may be going to), Hi. I am 14 years old and I happen to be reading a physics book when I came across something called Virtual Photons and the uncertianty principle. The book does not explain what Virtual Photons are to well, and all I know about Photons is that they could be a wave or matter. If you could help me about what Virtual Photons are and Photons, that would be a great help.

  9. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Charged Objects and Virtual Photons Hello, I am fascinated by the universe of physics, and I have a few questions. Actually, I was wondering about photons. I have come to understand that photons are the force carrying particles for the electromagnetic force. I also understand that they have no mass and can therefore travel at the speed of light. What I was wondering was this: When two electrons come near, why are real photons said to be emitted, but virtual photons are said to be the actual

  10. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Can an audio wave be combined with a radio wave? You Wrote: What is the wave called when you combine an audio wave with a radio wave? Bruce Dear Bruce, It is not quite clear to me what definitions you may use for your "audio wave" and "radio wave." So let me state how I interpret your question. Audio wave: I assume you refer to a sound wave, a wave that is being transmitted through the air at the speed of sound. This wave is being transmitted through gas/liquid/matter by the

  11. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Color of the Sky You asked: I was wondering what color the sky is? I know that it looks blue but what is it actually? Dear Nathalie, This is really an excellent question with a difficult answer. I had a long discussion with one of my colleagues about this topic. I'm still not sure how best to explain the science, but let me give it a try. First of all, think about all the things that can happen when light encounters an object. The light could be absorbed by the object. It might be reflected

  12. Answering Key Fuel Cycle Questions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piet, S.J.; Dixon, B.W.; Bennett, R.G.; Smith, J.D.; Hill, R.N.

    2004-10-03

    Given the range of fuel cycle goals and criteria, and the wide range of fuel cycle options, how can the set of options eventually be narrowed in a transparent and justifiable fashion? It is impractical to develop all options. We suggest an approach that starts by considering a range of goals for the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) and then posits seven questions, such as whether Cs and Sr isotopes should be separated from spent fuel and, if so, what should be done with them. For each question, we consider which of the goals may be relevant to eventually providing answers. The AFCI program has both ''outcome'' and ''process'' goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geologic repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are rea diness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties.

  13. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Concur Travel FAQs Rental Car FAQs TSA FAQs

  14. Answering Key Fuel Cycle Questions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven J. Piet; Brent W. Dixon; J. Stephen Herring; David E. Shropshire; Mary Lou Dunzik-Gougar

    2003-10-01

    The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) program has both “outcome” and “process” goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geological repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are readiness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties. A classic decision-making approach to such a multi-attribute problem would be to weight individual quantified criteria and calculate an overall figure of merit. This is inappropriate for several reasons. First, the goals are not independent. Second, the importance of different goals varies among stakeholders. Third, the importance of different goals is likely to vary with time, especially the “energy future.” Fourth, some key considerations are not easily or meaningfully quantifiable at present. Instead, at this point, we have developed 16 questions the AFCI program should answer and suggest an approach of determining for each whether relevant options improve meeting each of the program goals. We find that it is not always clear which option is best for a specific question and specific goal; this helps identify key issues for future work. In general, we suggest attempting to create as many win-win decisions (options that are attractive or neutral to most goals) as possible. Thus, to help clarify why the program is exploring the options it is, and to set the stage for future narrowing of options, we have developed 16 questions, as follows: · What are the AFCI program goals? · Which potential waste disposition approaches do we plan for? · What are the major separations, transmutation, and fuel options? · How do we address proliferation resistance? · Which potential energy futures do we plan for? · What potential external triggers do we

  15. Inquiring Minds - Questions About Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    You Wrote: Hi, My name is Ian. I am a 12 year old student. I am in the 7th grade. My question is: If a one pound block of ice (-2 degrees C) is placed in an insulated closed room that was 2 feet by 2 feet by 4 feet, set at 5 degrees C, 1.) How long would it take to melt the ice ? 2.) How many Btu's would it take to melt the ice ? 3.) Would the room temperature drop or stay at 5 deg. C ? 4.) If electricity was used to cool the room to 5 deg. C and cost 11 cents per kWh, how much would it cost to

  16. LED Frequently Asked Questions | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Frequently Asked Questions LED Frequently Asked Questions This document provides answers to LED frequently asked questions for plant-wide improvements, such as "Are LEDs ready for general lighting?" LED Frequently Asked Questions (May 2011) (344.41 KB) More Documents & Publications LED Frequently Asked Questions Lighting Designer Roundtable on Solid-State Lighting SSL R&D Multi-Year Program Plan

  17. Frequently Asked Questions | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Frequently Asked Questions Frequently Asked Questions This section is meant to cover the most common questions regarding the EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards. The Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) are divided into several broad categories: general information, applications, eligibility, selection process, stipend and benefits, taxes, conditions and requirements, and travel. If you have questions about information not covered in this FAQ, please email: DOE-RPP@orau.org. General Information What

  18. Photovoltaic Program Branch annual report, FY 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Summers, K A

    1990-03-01

    This report summarizes the progress of the Photovoltaic (PV) Program Branch of the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) from October 1, 1988, through September 30, 1989. The branch is responsible for managing the subcontracted portion of SERI's PV Advanced Research and Development Project. In fiscal year (FY) 1989, this included nearly 50 subcontracts, with a total annualized funding of approximately $13.1 million. Approximately two-thirds of the subcontracts were with universities, at a total funding of nearly $4 million. The six technical sections of the report cover the main areas of the subcontracted program: Amorphous Silicon Research, Polycrystalline Thin Films, Crystalline Silicon Materials Research, High-Efficiency Concepts, New Ideas, and University Participation. Technical summaries of each of the subcontracted programs provide a discussion of approaches, major accomplishments in FY 1989, and future research directions. Each report will be cataloged individually.

  19. Electronic branching ratio of the. tau. lepton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ammar, R.; Baringer, P.; Coppage, D.; Davis, R.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, N.; Lam, H.; Ro, S.; Kubota, Y.; Lattery, M.; Nelson, J.K.; Perticone, D.; Poling, R.; Schrenk, S.; Wang, R.; Alam, M.S.; Kim, I.J.; Nemati, B.; Romero, V.; Sun, C.R.; Wang, P.; Zoeller, M.M.; Crawford, G.; Fulton, R.; Gan, K.K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Lee, J.; Malchow, R.; Morrow, F.; Sung, M.K.; Whitmore, J.; Wilson, P.; Butler, F.; Fu, X.; Kalbfleisch, G.; Lambrecht, M.; Skubic, P.; Snow, J.; Wang, P.; Bortoletto, D.; Brown, D.N.; Dominick, J.; McIlwain, R.L.; Miller, D.H.; Modesitt, M.; Shibata, E.I.; Schaffner, S.F.; Shipsey, I.P.J.; Battle, M.; Ernst, J.; Kroha, H.; Roberts, S.; Sparks, K.; Thorndike, E.H.; Wang, C.; Stroynowski, R.; Artuso, M.; Goldberg, M.; Haupt, T.; Horwitz, N.; Kennett, R.; Moneti, G.C.; Playfer, S.; Rozen, Y.; Rubin, P.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stone, S.; Thulasidas, M.; Yao, W.; Zhu, G.; Barnes, A.V.; Bartelt, J.; Csorna, S.E.; Jain, V.; Letson, T.; Mestayer, M.D.; Akerib, D.S.; Barish, B.; Chadha, M.

    1992-06-01

    Using data accumulated by the CLEO I detector operating at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we have measured the ratio {ital R}={Gamma}({tau}{r arrow}{ital e}{bar {nu}}{sub {ital e}}{nu}{sub {tau}})/{Gamma}{sub 1}, where {Gamma}{sub 1} is the {tau} decay rate to final states with one charged particle. We find {ital R}=0.2231{plus minus}0.0044{plus minus}0.0073 where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic. Together with the measured topological one-charged-particle branching fraction, this yields the branching fraction of the {tau} lepton to electrons, {ital B}{sub {ital e}}=0.192{plus minus}0.004{plus minus}0.006.

  20. Cold versus hot fusion deuterium branching ratios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fox, H.; Bass, R.

    1995-12-31

    A major source of misunderstanding of the nature of cold nuclear fusion has been the expectation that the deuterium branching ratios occurring within a palladium lattice would be consistent with the gas-plasma branching ratios. This misunderstanding has led to the concept of the dead graduate student, the 1989`s feverish but fruitless search for neutron emissions from cold fusion reactors, and the follow-on condemnation of the new science of cold fusion. The experimental facts are that in a properly loaded palladium lattice, the deuterium fusion produces neutrons at little above background, a greatly less-than-expected production of tritium (the tritium desert), and substantially more helium-4 than is observed in hot plasma physics. The experimental evidence is now compelling (800 reports of success from 30 countries) that cold nuclear fusion is a reality, that the branching ratios are unexpected, and that a new science is struggling to be recognized. Commercialization of some types of cold fusion devices has already begun.

  1. Hawaii Department of Health Clean Water Branch | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Clean Water Branch Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hawaii Department of Health Clean Water Branch Address: P.O. Box 3378 Place: Honolulu, Hawaii Zip: 96801 Website: hawaii.gov...

  2. North Branch Water & Light Comm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    North Branch Water & Light Comm Jump to: navigation, search Name: North Branch Water & Light Comm Place: Minnesota Phone Number: 651-674-7100 or 651-674-8113 Website:...

  3. EA-261 UBS AG, London Branch | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 UBS AG, London Branch EA-261 UBS AG, London Branch Order authorizing UBS AG, London Branch to export electric energy to Mexico. EA-261 UBS AG, London Branch (24.57 KB) More Documents & Publications EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P

  4. Comments/Questions | Critical Materials Institute

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Comments/Questions To offer comments on the CMI website or to ask questions, please contact us: CMIdirector@ameslab.gov 515-296-4500 or use this web form for comments. Thanks!

  5. Dendrimers and methods of preparing same through proportionate branching

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yu, Yihua; Yue, Xuyi

    2015-09-15

    The present invention provides for monodispersed dendrimers having a core, branches and periphery ends, wherein the number of branches increases exponentially from the core to the periphery end and the length of the branches increases exponentially from the periphery end to the core, thereby providing for attachment of chemical species at the periphery ends without exhibiting steric hindrance.

  6. DuraMat Consortium- Frequently Asked Questions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The answers to these frequently asked questions will help applicants for the DuraMat Consortium call for proposals.

  7. Questions and Answers | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Questions and Answers Questions and Answers Questions and Answers (156.86 KB) More Documents & Publications DOE HR Guidebook 12_15_05.DOC� Operating Guidelines Appendix C D.DOC� Revised OMB Circular A-76 (Revised November 14, 2002)

  8. Additional chain-branching pathways in the low-temperature oxidation of branched alkanes

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Zhandong; Zhang, Lidong; Moshammer, Kai; Popolan-Vaida, Denisia M.; Shankar, Vijai Shankar Bhavani; Lucassen, Arnas; Hemken, Christian; Taatjes, Craig A.; Leone, Stephen R.; Kohse-Hoinghaus, Katharina; et al

    2015-12-31

    Chain-branching reactions represent a general motif in chemistry, encountered in atmospheric chemistry, combustion, polymerization, and photochemistry; the nature and amount of radicals generated by chain-branching are decisive for the reaction progress, its energy signature, and the time towards its completion. In this study, experimental evidence for two new types of chain-branching reactions is presented, based upon detection of highly oxidized multifunctional molecules (HOM) formed during the gas-phase low-temperature oxidation of a branched alkane under conditions relevant to combustion. The oxidation of 2,5-dimethylhexane (DMH) in a jet-stirred reactor (JSR) was studied using synchrotron vacuum ultra-violet photoionization molecular beam mass spectrometry (SVUV-PI-MBMS).more » Specifically, species with four and five oxygen atoms were probed, having molecular formulas of C8H14O4 (e.g., diketo-hydroperoxide/keto-hydroperoxy cyclic ether) and C8H16O5 (e.g., keto-dihydroperoxide/dihydroperoxy cyclic ether), respectively. The formation of C8H16O5 species involves alternative isomerization of OOQOOH radicals via intramolecular H-atom migration, followed by third O2 addition, intramolecular isomerization, and OH release; C8H14O4 species are proposed to result from subsequent reactions of C8H16O5 species. The mechanistic pathways involving these species are related to those proposed as a source of low-volatility highly oxygenated species in Earth's troposphere. At the higher temperatures relevant to auto-ignition, they can result in a net increase of hydroxyl radical production, so these are additional radical chain-branching pathways for ignition. Furthermore, the results presented herein extend the conceptual basis of reaction mechanisms used to predict the reaction behavior of ignition, and have implications on atmospheric gas-phase chemistry and the oxidative stability of organic substances.« less

  9. CRAD, Facility Safety - Unreviewed Safety Question Requirements |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Facility Safety - Unreviewed Safety Question Requirements CRAD, Facility Safety - Unreviewed Safety Question Requirements A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) that can be used for assessment of a contractor's Unreviewed Safety Question (USQ) process.. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to

  10. Frequently Asked Questions | National Nuclear Security Administration |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    (NNSA) Frequently Asked Questions U.S. Department of Energy / U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) User Frequently Asked Questions What is the History of NMMSS? What Are the Other Uses of NMMSS? NMMSS is sponsored by the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Office of Materials Integration within the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Learn More Users Frequently

  11. Response to Weatherization Questions | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Response to Weatherization Questions Response to Weatherization Questions August 30, 2010 - 4:53pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Last week as part of Vice President Biden's announcement of 200,000 homes weatherized under the Recovery act, we asked you to send us your questions and comments about the weatherization process. Today, we're following up with answers experts from the Department's Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program: 1) From

  12. Fermilab | Fermilab Time and Labor | Questions & Answers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    HTML-only Interface Questions & Answers Updated 4152014 Q: What's the story on the FTL alternative (HTML) interface? A: The HTML interface to FTLKronos has been around ever...

  13. Program Evaluation Topics and Questions Library

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Menu of initial questions for a program administrator to use in developing a real-time evaluation survey to collect qualitative data from program contractors.

  14. Frequently Asked Questions | Environmental Management Science...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frequently Asked Questions About the Oak Ridge Environmental Management Science Education and Internship Program 1. What kind of program is the OREM Science Education and...

  15. Cool LinksFavorite Science Questions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Explore » Favorite Science Questions Favorite Science Questions The Bradbury Science Museum's Favorite Questions and Answers How can we fix the ozone layer? You asked a very interesting question about ozone and how can we fix the ozone layer. It is true that lightning creates ozone. Any spark in air will do it. Ozone can also be created by certain forms of radiation. Ozone is a molecule of oxygen that consists of three atoms instead of the usual two. It has peculiar chemical properties, it is

  16. Mr. John Kinneman, Chief Nuclear Materfals Branch Nuclear Regulatory...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    111989 Mr. John Kinneman, Chief Nuclear Materfals Branch Nuclear Regulatory Commission Region I 475 Allendale Road King of Prussia. Pennsylvania 19406 Dear Mr. Kinneman: -;' .-. 'W ...

  17. Hawaii Department of Health Clean Air Branch | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Hawaii Department of Health Clean Air Branch Address: P.O. Box 3378 Place: Honolulu, Hawaii Zip: 96801 Website: hawaii.govhealthenvironmenta...

  18. Hawaii Wastewater Branch Online Application Webpage | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Application Webpage Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Hawaii Wastewater Branch Online Application Webpage Author State of Hawaii...

  19. Hawaii Department of Health Safe Drinking Water Branch | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hawaii Department of Health Safe Drinking Water Branch Address: 919 Ala Moana Blvd Room 308 Place: Honolulu, Hawaii Zip: 96814 References: Hawaii Department of Health Safe...

  20. Production of anteiso-branched fatty acids in Escherichia coli...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Production of anteiso-branched fatty acids in Escherichia coli; next generation biofuels with improved cold-flow properties Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Production of ...

  1. Wells Branch, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wells Branch, Texas: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 30.4460353, -97.6794507 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingse...

  2. Branching Mechanisms in Surfactant Micellar Growth (Journal Article...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Branching Mechanisms in Surfactant Micellar Growth Authors: Tang, M ; Carter, W C Publication Date: 2012-08-20 OSTI Identifier: 1169255 ...

  3. Hawaii Clean Water Branch Forms Webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Hawaii Clean Water Branch Forms Webpage Citation State of Hawaii Department...

  4. Hawaii Department of Health Clean Air Branch Webpage | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Branch Webpage Internet. cited 20141013. Available from: http:health.hawaii.govcab Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleHawaiiDepartmentofHealthCle...

  5. CYANOGEN IN NGC 1851 RED GIANT BRANCH AND ASYMPTOTIC GIANT BRANCH STARS: QUADRIMODAL DISTRIBUTIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campbell, S. W.; Stancliffe, R. J.; Lattanzio, J. C.; Angelou, G. C.; D'Orazi, V.; Yong, D.; Wylie-de Boer, E. C.; Martell, S. L.; Grundahl, F.; Sneden, C. E-mail: david.yong@anu.edu.au

    2012-12-10

    The Galactic globular cluster NGC 1851 has raised much interest since Hubble Space Telescope photometry revealed that it hosts a double subgiant branch. Here we report on our homogeneous study into the cyanogen (CN) band strengths in the red giant branch (RGB) population (17 stars) and asymptotic giant branch (AGB) population (21 stars) using AAOmega/2dF spectra with R {approx} 3000. We discover that NGC 1851 hosts a quadrimodal distribution of CN band strengths in its RGB and AGB populations. This result supports the merger formation scenario proposed for this cluster, such that the CN quadrimodality could be explained by the superposition of two 'normal' bimodal populations. A small sample overlap with an abundance catalog allowed us to tentatively explore the relationship between our CN populations and a range of elemental abundances. We found a striking correlation between CN and [O/Na]. We also found that the four CN peaks may be paired-the two CN-weaker populations being associated with low Ba and the two CN-stronger populations with high Ba. If true, then s-process abundances would be a good diagnostic for disentangling the two original clusters in the merger scenario. More observations are needed to confirm the quadrimodality and also the relationship between the subpopulations. We also report CN results for NGC 288 as a comparison. Our relatively large samples of AGB stars show that both clusters have a bias toward CN-weak AGB populations.

  6. Radiolabeled dimethyl branched long chain fatty acid for heart imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Knapp, Jr., Furn F.; Goodman, Mark M.; Kirsch, Gilbert

    1988-08-16

    A radiolabeled long chain fatty acid for heart imaging that has dimethyl branching at one of the carbons of the chain which inhibits the extent to which oxidation can occur. The closer to the carboxyl the branching is positioned, the more limited the oxidation, thereby resulting in prolonged retention of the radiolabeled compound in the heart.

  7. Solar Instructor Training Network Frequently Asked Questions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These frequently asked questions (FAQs) relate to the solar instructor training network. This project was launched by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Solar Energy Technologies Program (SETP or...

  8. UESC Frequently Asked Questions Panel Discussion

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the April 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—covers frequently asked questions (FAQs) about utility energy service contracts (UESCs), including term lengths, bonding, and a UESC within a utility's service territory.

  9. Frequently Asked Questions | National Nuclear Security Administration...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Frequently Asked Questions General What is a demonstration project? What employees are affected by the pay-banding and pay-for-performance demonstration project? When was pay-banding ...

  10. Program Evaluation: Define Questions and Methods

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Steps five through eight will help you define the questions your evaluation should address, and develop the methods you'll use to conduct your evaluation (learn more about the other steps in...

  11. FY 1992 Measurements and Characterization Branch annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dippo, P.C

    1993-03-01

    The Measurements and Characterization Branch actively supports the advancement of DOE/NREL goals for the development and implementation of the solar photovoltaic (PV) technology. The primary focus of the laboratories is to provide state-of-the-art analytical capabilities for materials and device characterization and fabrication. The branch houses a comprehensive facility that Is capable of providing information on the full range of PV components. A major objective of the branch is to aggressively pursue collaborative research with other government laboratories, universities, and industrial firms for the advancement of Pv technologies. Members of the branch disseminate research findings to the technical community in publications and presentations. The Measurements and Characterization Branch encompasses seven coordinated research groups, providing integrated research and development that covers all aspects of photovoltaic materials/devices characterization.

  12. Special Feature: Five Questions for Sudip Dosanjh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Five Questions for Sudip Dosanjh Special Feature: Five Questions for Sudip Dosanjh September 27, 2013 Sudip-wide.jpg Sudip Dosanjh Sudip Dosanjh is Director of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing (NERSC) Center at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. NERSC's mission is to accelerate scientific discovery at the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science through high performance computing and extreme data analysis. NERSC deploys leading-edge computational and data resources for

  13. Summary of Questions, Answers and Comments

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Meeting: Data/Communication Standards and Interoperability of Building Appliances, Equipment, and Systems Summary of Questions, Answers and Comments in the Discussion Periods Following Presentations Presentation: Introductions and purpose (Joe Hagerman) Question (Q): What is the difference between the April 30 public meeting and this non-public meeting? What is the end goal / end game / timeline? Answer (A): DOE is hosting a series of meetings to ensure we've done our due diligence before we

  14. Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model - Frequently Asked Questions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (February 2014) | Department of Energy - Frequently Asked Questions (February 2014) Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model - Frequently Asked Questions (February 2014) The Cybersecurity Capability Maturity Model (C2M2) program is intended to aid organizations of all types evaluate and make improvements to their cybersecurity programs. The model focuses on the implementation and management of cybersecurity practices associated with the information technology (IT) and operational technology

  15. From Question Answering to Visual Exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McColgin, Dave W.; Gregory, Michelle L.; Hetzler, Elizabeth G.; Turner, Alan E.

    2006-08-11

    Research in Question Answering has focused on the quality of information retrieval or extraction using the metrics of precision and recall to judge success; these metrics drive toward finding the specific best answer(s) and are best supportive of a lookup type of search. These do not address the opportunity that users? natural language questions present for exploratory interactions. In this paper, we present an integrated Question Answering environment that combines a visual analytics tool for unstructured text and a state-of-the-art query expansion tool designed to compliment the cognitive processes associated with an information analysts work flow. Analysts are seldom looking for factoid answers to simple questions; their information needs are much more complex in that they may be interested in patterns of answers over time, conflicting information, and even related non-answer data may be critical to learning about a problem or reaching prudent conclusions. In our visual analytics tool, questions result in a comprehensive answer space that allows users to explore the variety within the answers and spot related information in the rest of the data. The exploratory nature of the dialog between the user and this system requires tailored evaluation methods that better address the evolving user goals and counter cognitive biases inherent to exploratory search tasks.

  16. Ian Hinchliffe Answers Your Higgs Boson Questions

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Hinchliffe, Ian

    2013-05-29

    contingent with the ATLAS experiment at CERN, answers many of your questions about the Higgs boson. Ian invited viewers to send in questions about the Higgs via email, Twitter, Facebook, or YouTube in an "Ask a Scientist" video posted July 3: http://youtu.be/xhuA3wCg06s CERN's July 4 announcement that the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider have discovered a particle "consistent with the Higgs boson" has raised questions about what scientists have found and what still remains to be found -- and what it all means. If you have suggestions for future "Ask a Scientist" videos, post them below or send ideas to askascientist@lbl.gov

  17. Ian Hinchliffe Answers Your Higgs Boson Questions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hinchliffe, Ian

    2012-01-01

    contingent with the ATLAS experiment at CERN, answers many of your questions about the Higgs boson. Ian invited viewers to send in questions about the Higgs via email, Twitter, Facebook, or YouTube in an "Ask a Scientist" video posted July 3: http://youtu.be/xhuA3wCg06s CERN's July 4 announcement that the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the Large Hadron Collider have discovered a particle "consistent with the Higgs boson" has raised questions about what scientists have found and what still remains to be found -- and what it all means. If you have suggestions for future "Ask a Scientist" videos, post them below or send ideas to askascientist@lbl.gov

  18. Frequently Asked Questions | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frequently Asked Questions Question - Where can I find who has signature authority for a specific project? Answer - The appropriate signature authority for purchase order requisitions and service work can be determined by using the Ames Laboratory Chart of Accounts. The current Chart of Accounts information can be found on the Moderate file server at Team\COA. * The current fiscal year files (COA.xls and COAintro.doc) are in the directory named COA * Prior fiscal year COA files are located in a

  19. Branching Mechanisms in Surfactant Micellar Growth (Journal Article...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Branching Mechanisms in Surfactant Micellar Growth Citation ... 1169255 Report Number(s): LLNL-JRNL-575474 DOE Contract Number: DE-AC52-07NA27344 Resource Type: Journal Article ...

  20. 10 Questions for a Physicist: Antonio Checco

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Today, the Energy Blog is launching a new series, 10 Questions, with a simple goal in mind – to introduce you to our scientists and their incredible work. Dr. Checco explains wetting on the nanoscale, shares some advice for students and tells us about his favorite movie scientist.

  1. Treatment of Anthrax Disease Frequently Asked Questions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Judd, Kathleen S.; Young, Joan E.; Lesperance, Ann M.; Malone, John D.

    2010-05-14

    This document provides a summary of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on the treatment of anthrax disease caused by a wide-area release of Bacillus anthracis spores as an act bioterrorism. These FAQs are intended to provide the public health and medical community, as well as others, with guidance and communications to support the response and long-term recovery from an anthrax event.

  2. Memorandum A. J. Rizzo, Chief TO : Operational Safety Branch

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    j Memorandum A. J. Rizzo, Chief TO / : Operational Safety Branch Harold Glauberman, ?a FROM : Operational Safety Branch ' I DATE: September 30, 1966 REMOVAL OF CONTAMINATED EQUlPMEHT AT THE CANEL FACILITY SUBJECT: MI DDLETOWN, CONNECT I CUT' INTRODUCTION The decision to terminate AEC contract activities at the CANEL facility introduced the need to dispose of radioactively contaminated equipment and materials so as to permit release of the facilities. As a result, -' . the Operational Safety

  3. BRANCH-BASED MODEL FOR THE DIAMETERS OF THE PULMONARY AIRWAYS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    BRANCH-BASED MODEL FOR THE DIAMETERS OF THE PULMONARY AIRWAYS: ACCOUNTING FOR DEPARTURES ... Title: BRANCH-BASED MODEL FOR THE DIAMETERS OF THE PULMONARY AIRWAYS: ACCOUNTING FOR ...

  4. Division Postdoctoral Appointments Frequently Asked Questions | Argonne

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    National Laboratory Division Postdoctoral Appointments Frequently Asked Questions Are the Division Postdoctoral Appointments the same as "Regular Postdocs"? Yes. Who chooses the final candidate; DEP, the sub-committee, or the programmatic Division? The programmatic Division does. The sub-committee reviews the final candidate's application package to ensure that he or she complies with Argonne 's high standards and that all the requirements have been met. If the candidate has

  5. Frequently Asked Questions | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frequently Asked Questions Is US citizenship required? Yes. US citizenship is required for all federal vacancies. Am I eligible to apply for the All Sources, the Government-Wide, or should I apply for both announcements? All Sources: These vacancies are open to any US citizen or applicant eligible under the Government-wide area of consideration. Government-Wide: These vacancies are only open to Federal career/career conditional employees in the competitive service and Veterans who have

  6. NETL CO2 Storage Frequently Asked Questions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CO2 Storage Frequently Asked Questions faq-header-big.jpg A combined portfolio of carbon management options for fossil fuel use can be implemented to manage current emission levels of greenhouse gases (GHGs) while enhancing energy security and building the technologies and knowledge base for export to other countries faced with reducing emissions. The U.S. portfolio includes Use of fuels with reduced carbon intensity: renewables, nuclear, and natural gas. Adoption of more efficient technologies

  7. Frequently Asked Questions | National Nuclear Security Administration |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    (NNSA) Frequently Asked Questions Clearance Processing: How long does it take to get a clearance? Timeframes may vary depending on the level of clearance, type of background investigation, and complexity of the case. What would cause my clearance to be delayed? Reasons for a delay in the processing of a clearance can be attributed to both the investigative process as well as the adjudicative process. The investigation process can be delayed if it requires extensive efforts in pursuit of

  8. SCE Responses to Customer Data Questions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SCE Responses to Customer Data Questions 1. Who owns energy consumption data? SCE Response: Customer-specific data gathered or developed by a utility in the course of providing utility services is owned by the utility. Such data is subject to confidentiality and privacy requirements. In California, customers have the right to access their customer- specific information and can authorize third-party access to their information. 2. Who should be entitled to privacy protections relating to energy

  9. Hanford Story: Groundwater - Questions - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Hanford Story Hanford Story: Groundwater - Questions The Hanford Story Email Email Page | Print Print Page | Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size How did contamination get into the groundwater beneath the Hanford Site? What has caused the level of contamination to decrease over the years? What is the 2015 vision for Hanford? What is the goal of the water treatment systems and facilities? What is being done to treat groundwater to remove contamination? Is contaminated groundwater

  10. Natural Gas from Shale: Questions and Answers | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Shale: Questions and Answers Natural Gas from Shale: Questions and Answers Natural Gas from Shale: Questions and Answers (12.62 MB) More Documents & Publications Shale Gas Development Challenges: Fracture Fluids Shale Gas Glossary How is shale gas produced?

  11. Subsea pipeline gets welded branch without halting flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    West, A.; Hutt, G.; Starsmore, R.

    1995-12-11

    In October 1994, a 16 in. welded branch was installed without interruption to production onto Wintershall Noordzee BV`s 36-in. gas pipeline from the K13-A platform in the Dutch sector of the North Sea to Den helder, The Netherlands. The procedure is the first successfully to combine hyperbaric welding and subsea hot tapping without interruption to production. Developers of new fields can now consider exporting product without interrupting existing production and through existing infrastructure even if no convenient tie-in locations exist. Unocal evaluated export options and established that the most attractive alternative was to export gas into the Wintershall 36-in. K13-A to Den Helder pipeline. Various options for installing a branch included the following: flooding the pipeline and installing a conventional tee; stopping production and installing a welded branch followed by hot tapping; and continuing production and installing a welded branch followed by hot tapping. The chosen scheme was to retrofit a subsea side-tap assembly. This was achieved by installation of a welded branch followed by hot tapping into the 36-in. pipeline. The paper describes location determination, schedules, onshore preparation, and offshore work.

  12. Davis Bacon Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Davis Bacon Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Davis Bacon Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) PDF icon DBA FAQs More Documents & Publications Davis-Bacon Act - Under the American...

  13. Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Meter Installations Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Reporting of Meter Installations Questions and answers related to the reporting of meter ...

  14. A Scientist Answers Your Battery Questions - Joint Center for...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A Scientist Answers Your Battery Questions Venkat Srinivasan, JCESR Deputy Director of Integration, answers several of your questions about the future of battery research. Check it ...

  15. Frequently Asked Questions on Filing EISs with EPA's Office of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Frequently Asked Questions on Filing EISs with EPA's Office of Federal Activities (EPA, 1994) Frequently Asked Questions on Filing EISs with EPA's Office of Federal Activities (EPA, ...

  16. Berkeley Lab Answers Your Home Energy Efficiency Questions (Other...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Other: Berkeley Lab Answers Your Home Energy Efficiency Questions Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Berkeley Lab Answers Your Home Energy Efficiency Questions In this ...

  17. Electric Vehicle Deployment: Policy Questions and Impacts to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Deployment: Policy Questions and Impacts to the U.S. Electric Grid - EAC Recommendations (November 2011) Electric Vehicle Deployment: Policy Questions and Impacts to the ...

  18. NORTHEAST HOME HEATING OIL RESERVE (NEHHOR) QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Questions and Answers document is a compilation of the most commonly asked questions (and answers) concerning the online auction system for the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve.

  19. Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Buy American Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Buy American Additional questions and answers from recipients of awards under the Smart Grid ...

  20. EERE Digital Data Management Frequently Asked Questions | Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frequently Asked Questions EERE Digital Data Management Frequently Asked Questions Submitting a Data Management Plan 1. I am submitting an applicationproposal for research funding ...

  1. Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Additional questions and answers from recipients of awards under the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Questions excerpted from...

  2. "Frequently Asked Questions" on the Department of Energy's NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    regarding DOE's NEPA implementation regulations. Revised "Frequently Asked Questions on the Department of Energy's NEPA Regulations More Documents & Publications Questions and...

  3. Frequently Asked Questions | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frequently Asked Questions Search (Protected content only available when logged in) Search Reset Recent FAQs When I open an email in Thunderbird, I get a yellow bar saying "unverified signature; the key type is not supported by your version of GnuPG" and the email is blank. What's happening? What do I need to know about visitor parking passes? What is the address for Ames Laboratory buildings? What are the recommended system configurations? What desktop software has reached end of

  4. Frequently Asked Questions | National Nuclear Security Administration |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    (NNSA) Frequently Asked Questions General What is a demonstration project? What employees are affected by the pay-banding and pay-for-performance demonstration project? When was pay-banding implemented? What is the duration of the demonstration project? What happens after 5 years? What is the process for converting employees from the pay-banding system back to the General Schedule system (in the event of a transfer to another federal agency)? What is a share? What occupational series will be

  5. Hanford Story: Future - Questions - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Hanford Story Hanford Story: Future - Questions The Hanford Story Email Email Page | Print Print Page | Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size What possibilities do you see for future uses of the Hanford Site? What potential uses do the community surrounding Hanford envision for areas of land on the site? Why is land on the Hanford Site important to the local tribes? How much of the site is potentially available for future uses? What were some of the potential uses mentioned in the

  6. Hanford Story: Overview - Questions - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Overview - Questions The Hanford Story Email Email Page | Print Print Page | Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size What word did you use to describe Hanford before you watched the movie? After? Why is Hanford cleanup important to the local tribes? What role did Hanford play in the Manhattan Project? Why was Hanford selected for this? Why is Hanford considered a "city within its own right?" Why is B Reactor an important part of world history? Why did plutonium production continue

  7. Hanford Story: PFP - Questions - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PFP - Questions The Hanford Story Email Email Page | Print Print Page | Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size Why did Hanford produce so much plutonium? How hazardous is the Plutonium Finishing Plant in comparison to other facilities on the Hanford Site? What was the other name for the Plutonium Finishing Plant? Why was security and secrecy required for the plant and its product - plutonium? When did the last of the last shipment of plutonium leave the plant? What is the main focus of work

  8. Hanford Story: Recovery Act - Questions - Hanford Site

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Hanford Story Hanford Story: Recovery Act - Questions The Hanford Story Email Email Page | Print Print Page | Text Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size What did the Department of Energy and its contractors do with nearly $2 billion in stimulus funding? Why was the Department able to put the funding to use quickly? How many jobs were created by stimulus funding received at the Hanford Site? How much of the cleanup footprint of Hanford is left after projects funded by the Recovery Act were

  9. RADIONUCLIDE INVENTORY AND DISTRIBUTION: FOURMILE BRANCH, PEN BRANCH, AND STEEL CREEK IOUS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hiergesell, R.; Phifer, M.

    2014-04-29

    As a condition to the Department of Energy (DOE) Low Level Waste Disposal Federal Facility Review Group (LFRG) review team approving the Savannah River Site (SRS) Composite Analysis (CA), SRS agreed to follow up on a secondary issue, which consisted of the consolidation of several observations that the team concluded, when evaluated collectively, could potentially impact the integration of the CA results. This report addresses secondary issue observations 4 and 21, which identify the need to improve the CA sensitivity and uncertainty analysis specifically by improving the CA inventory and the estimate of its uncertainty. The purpose of the work described herein was to be responsive to these secondary issue observations by re-examining the radionuclide inventories of the Integrator Operable Units (IOUs), as documented in ERD 2001 and Hiergesell, et. al. 2008. The LFRG concern has been partially addressed already for the Lower Three Runs (LTR) IOU (Hiergesell and Phifer, 2012). The work described in this investigation is a continuation of the effort to address the LFRG concerns by re-examining the radionuclide inventories associated with Fourmile Branch (FMB) IOU, Pen Branch (PB) IOU and Steel Creek (SC) IOU. The overall approach to computing radionuclide inventories for each of the IOUs involved the following components: Defining contaminated reaches of sediments along the IOU waterways Identifying separate segments within each IOU waterway to evaluate individually Computing the volume and mass of contaminated soil associated with each segment, or compartment Obtaining the available and appropriate Sediment and Sediment/Soil analytical results associated with each IOU Standardizing all radionuclide activity by decay-correcting all sample analytical results from sample date to the current point in time, Computing representative concentrations for all radionuclides associated with each compartment in each of the IOUs Computing the radionuclide

  10. Presidential Permits and Export Authorizations- Frequently Asked Questions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Frequently asked questions about Presidential Permits, Export Authorizations, Self Certifications, and Annual Reports related to permitting.

  11. PICO: An Object-Oriented Framework for Branch and Bound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ECKSTEIN,JONATHAN; HART,WILLIAM E.; PHILLIPS,CYNTHIA A.

    2000-12-01

    This report describes the design of PICO, a C++ framework for implementing general parallel branch-and-bound algorithms. The PICO framework provides a mechanism for the efficient implementation of a wide range of branch-and-bound methods on an equally wide range of parallel computing platforms. We first discuss the basic architecture of PICO, including the application class hierarchy and the package's serial and parallel layers. We next describe the design of the serial layer, and its central notion of manipulating subproblem states. Then, we discuss the design of the parallel layer, which includes flexible processor clustering and communication rates, various load balancing mechanisms, and a non-preemptive task scheduler running on each processor. We describe the application of the package to a branch-and-bound method for mixed integer programming, along with computational results on the ASCI Red massively parallel computer. Finally we describe the application of the branch-and-bound mixed-integer programming code to a resource constrained project scheduling problem for Pantex.

  12. Gas compressor with side branch absorber for pulsation control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Harris, Ralph E.; Scrivner, Christine M.; Broerman, III, Eugene L.

    2011-05-24

    A method and system for reducing pulsation in lateral piping associated with a gas compressor system. A tunable side branch absorber (TSBA) is installed on the lateral piping. A pulsation sensor is placed in the lateral piping, to measure pulsation within the piping. The sensor output signals are delivered to a controller, which controls actuators that change the acoustic dimensions of the SBA.

  13. Frequently Asked Questions about the Office of Energy Efficiency and

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewable Energy | Department of Energy Frequently Asked Questions about the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Frequently Asked Questions about the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Below are some of the questions we are regularly asked at EERE. These frequently asked questions cover topics such as EERE, tax credits and financial assistance, home energy, vehicles, industry, and energy education and training. If you don't find the answer to your question, please

  14. Home Energy Score Frequently Asked Questions | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Score Frequently Asked Questions Home Energy Score Frequently Asked Questions Below you will find answers to frequently asked questions for homeowners and Partners about the Home Energy Score, from basics such as what a Home Energy Score is and how to become a Partner, to how the Score is calculated and what you can expect from your Score. Frequently Asked Questions for Homeowners (download a printable PDF) Frequently Asked Questions for Partners (download a printable PDF)

  15. Relevance of complex branch points for partial wave analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ceci, S.; Svarc, A.; Doering, M.; Hanhart, C.; Krewald, S.; Meissner, U.-G.

    2011-07-15

    A central issue in hadron spectroscopy is to deduce--and interpret--resonance parameters, namely, pole positions and residues, from experimental data, for those are the quantities to be compared to lattice QCD or model calculations. However, not every structure in the observables derives from a resonance pole: the origin might as well be branch points, either located on the real axis (when a new channel composed of stable particles opens) or in the complex plane (when at least one of the intermediate particles is unstable). In this paper we demonstrate first the existence of such branch points in the complex plane and then show on the example of the {pi}N P{sub 11} partial wave that it is not possible to distinguish the structures induced by the latter from a true pole signal based on elastic data alone.

  16. Agriculture and Food Processes Branch program summary document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-06-01

    The work of the Agriculture and Food Processes Branch within the US DOE's Office of Industrial Programs is discussed and reviewed. The Branch is responsible for assisting the food and agricultural sectors of the economy in increasing their energy efficiency by cost sharing with industry the development and demonstration of technologies industry by itself would not develop because of a greater than normal risk factor, but have significant energy conservation benefits. This task is made more difficult by the diversity of agriculture and the food industry. The focus of the program is now on the development and demonstration of energy conservation technology in high energy use industry sectors and agricultural functions (e.g., sugar processing, meat processing, irrigation, and crop drying, high energy use functions common to many sectors of the food industry (e.g., refrigeration, drying, and evaporation), and innovative concepts (e.g., energy integrated farm systems. Specific projects within the program are summarized. (LCL)

  17. Mr. John Kinneman, Chief Nuclear Materfals Branch Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    111989 Mr. John Kinneman, Chief Nuclear Materfals Branch Nuclear Regulatory Commission Region I 475 Allendale Road King of Prussia. Pennsylvania 19406 Dear Mr. Kinneman: -;' .-. 'W Enclosed are the copfes of the final ORNL survey reports on the radiologlcal Surveys conducted on three Teterboro, New Jersey properties; Metpath Incorporated, Allied Aerospace Corporatio; and Sumftomo Machinery Corporation. Copies of these reports have &en sent directly to the owners by our survey contractor Oak

  18. Question/comment: An estimate of the direct productive labor...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... QuestionComment: "NETL has determined that this procurement is governed by the EPACT, ... QuestionComment: Will subcontractors be bound by indirect rate ceilings? If so and given ...

  19. Have a Question About Energy Efficiency or Renewable Energy?...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    a Question About Energy Efficiency or Renewable Energy? Ask Ener-Gee Whiz Have a Question About Energy Efficiency or Renewable Energy? Ask Ener-Gee Whiz May 26, 2009 - 4:37pm ...

  20. Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Question | OpenEI...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Question Home Hi, I saw that you were actively replying to the questions on that page, so thought I'd contact you to ask about the data...

  1. Microsoft Word - Frequently_Asked_Questions | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Frequently_Asked_Questions Microsoft Word - Frequently_Asked_Questions More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - Document2 Microsoft Word - ARRAAttachment12v1.doc Microsoft Word - DRAFT CRB Interview Guidance

  2. Frequently Asked Questions on Small Wind Systems | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Frequently Asked Questions on Small Wind Systems Frequently Asked Questions on Small Wind Systems Below are frequently asked questions related to using a small wind energy system to power your home. The frequently asked questions below will help you determine if a small wind energy system is practical for powering your home. What are the benefits to homeowners from using wind turbines? Is wind power practical for me? Is my site right? What about legal, environmental, and economic issues? Where

  3. Federal Energy and Water Management Awards: Frequently Asked Questions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document answers frequently asked questions about nomination guidelines and criteria for the Federal Energy and Water Management Awards.

  4. Frequently Asked Questions about Federal Utility Energy Service Contracts |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Project Financing » Utility Energy Service Contracts » Frequently Asked Questions about Federal Utility Energy Service Contracts Frequently Asked Questions about Federal Utility Energy Service Contracts Frequently Asked Questions about Federal Utility Energy Service Contracts The Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) offers answers to frequently asked questions about federal utility energy service contracts (UESCs). 1. What is a utility energy service contract? A

  5. Questions and Answers from Storage Pre-Solicitation Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Questions and Answers from "Grand Challenge" Hydrogen Storage Pre-Solicitation Meeting held June 19, 2003 in Washington, DC

  6. Frequently Asked Questions: About Federal Fleet Management (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-10-01

    Answers to frequently asked questions about Federal fleet management, Federal requirements, reporting, advanced vehicles, and alternative fuels.

  7. Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) Closeout Frequently Asked Questions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document provides a list of frequently asked questions in regards to the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) Closeout procedures.

  8. Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reporting Webinar | Department of Energy Webinar Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Reporting Webinar Questions and answers related to the reporting webinar for recipients receiving funds as part of the Smart Grid Investment Grant Project under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid Investment Grant Program: Reporting Webinar (95.77 KB) More Documents & Publications Questions and Answers for the Smart Grid

  9. Home Energy Score Frequently Asked Questions for Partners

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Frequently asked questions for Partners of the U.S. Department of Energy's Home Energy Score Program.

  10. Questions about how plants die leads to climate change answers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Questions about how plants die leads to climate change answers Questions about how plants die leads to climate change answers Understanding mechanisms of mortality will provide important input to future climate forecasts. March 12, 2012 Tree in the desert The scientists' goal is to provide basic insights into questions such as how plants die, especially during drought. While the question of plant mortality is easy to conceptualize, it is difficult to study because of the spatial and temporal

  11. Building Energy Asset Score Frequently Asked Questions | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Commercial Buildings » Analysis Tools » Energy Asset Score » Building Energy Asset Score Frequently Asked Questions Building Energy Asset Score Frequently Asked Questions This page features answers to the most frequently asked questions about the Building Energy Asset Score. Choose from the list of questions below to learn more: Program Overview What is the Building Energy Asset Score? The Building Energy Asset Score is a national standardized tool for assessing the physical and

  12. Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Frequently Asked Questions: Lighting Choices to Save You Money Below are some of the most frequently asked questions and answers about the new lighting efficiency standards. Learn more about your lighting choices and find out how to shop for lights by lumens, not watts. Why are my lighting choices changing? What is the Energy Independence and Security Act of

  13. Questions Asked during the Financing Residential Energy Efficiency...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    contains the questions asked and the answers provided during the Financing Residential Energy Efficiency with Carbon Offsets Webinar financingresidentialenergyefficiencycarbon...

  14. Home Energy Score Frequently Asked Questions for Homeowners | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Homeowners Home Energy Score Frequently Asked Questions for Homeowners Frequently asked questions for homeowners in the U.S. Department of Energy's Home Energy Score Program. HES_FAQ_Homeowners_013015.pdf (590.87 KB) More Documents & Publications Home Energy Score Frequently Asked Questions for Partners

  15. Frequently Asked Questions about ESPCs | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Frequently Asked Questions about ESPCs Frequently Asked Questions about ESPCs Document answers frequently asked questions about energy savings performance contracts (ESPCs). Download the ESPC FAQs. (201.24 KB) More Documents & Publications Energy Savings Performance Contract ENABLE Briefing Energy Savings Contracts Webinar, May 20, 2013 FEMP Comprehensive ESPC Workshop Presentations

  16. Measurement of the branching ratio ?(?b0??(2S)?0)/?(?b0?J...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Measurement of the branching ratio (b0(2S)0)(b0J0) with the ATLAS detector Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Measurement of the branching ratio...

  17. Mr. Milton Sfegal, Chief Applied Research Branch Division of...

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    sfoning will be very helpful. If there are furthat questions about this D;Ztter, fed free to coztact Mr. Thornton at (FTS) &SC+4175. Tour cooperation in tiis matter is...

  18. Do Coupled Climate Models Correctly SImulate the Upward Branch of the Deept Ocean Global Conveyor?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarmiento, Jorge L; Downes, Stephanie; Bianchi, Daniele

    2013-01-17

    The large-scale meridional overturning circulation (MOC) connects the deep ocean, a major reservoir of carbon, to the other components of the climate system and must therefore be accurately represented in Earth System Models. Our project aims to address the specific question of the pathways and mechanisms controlling the upwelling branch of the MOC, a subject of significant disagreement between models and observational syntheses, and among general circulation models. Observations of these pathways are limited, particularly in regions of complex hydrography such as the Southern Ocean. As such, we rely on models to examine theories of the overturning circulation, both physically and biogeochemically. This grant focused on a particular aspect of the meridional overturning circulation (MOC) where there is currently significant disagreement between models and observationally based analyses of the MOC, and amongst general circulation models. In particular, the research focused on addressing the following questions: 1. Where does the deep water that sinks in the polar regions rise to the surface? 2. What processes are responsible for this rise? 3. Do state-of-the-art coupled GCMs capture these processes? Our research had three key components: observational synthesis, model development and model analysis. In this final report we outline the key results from these areas of research for the 2007 to 2012 grant period. The research described here was carried out primarily by graduate student, Daniele Bianchi (now a Postdoc at McGill University, Canada), and Postdoc Stephanie Downes (now a Research Fellow at The Australian national University, Australia). Additional support was provided for programmers Jennifer Simeon as well as Rick Slater.

  19. UBS AG, LONDON BRANCH Order No. EA-261 I. BACKGROUND

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On April 11, 2002, the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) received an application from UBS AG, London Branch (UBS) for authorization to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico. UBS, a Swiss corporation formed in 1998 by the merger of Union Bank of

  20. UBS AG, LONDON BRANCH Order No. EA-263 I. BACKGROUND

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On April 11, 2002, the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) received an application from UBS, AG London Branch (UBS) for authorization to transmit electric energy from the Untied States to Mexico and to Canada. UBS, a Swiss corporation formed in 1998 by the merger of Union

  1. FCC LPG olefinicity and branching enhanced by octane catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keyworth, D.A.; Reid, T.A.; Kreider, K.R.; Yatsu, C.A.

    1989-05-29

    Refiners are increasingly recognizing the downstream opportunities for fluid catalytic cracking LPG olefins for the production of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE, if the ethanol subsidy is extended to the production of ETBE), and as petrochemical feedstocks. Some of new gasoline FCC octane-enhancing catalysts can support those opportunities because their low non-framework alumina (low NFA) preserve both LPG olefinicity and promote branching of the LPG streams from the FCCU. The combined effect results in more isobutane for alkylate feed, more propylene in the propane/propylene stream, and more isobutene - which makes the addition of an MTBE unit very enticing.

  2. Theory of generalized branch and combine clock networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El-Amawy, A.; Kulasinghe, P.

    1994-12-31

    In a recent development a new clock distribution scheme, called Branch-and-Combine or BaC, has been introduced. The scheme is the first to guarantee constant skew bound regardless of network size. In this paper we generalize and extend the work on BaC networks. We established some interesting results on clocking paths, node input sequences, node inputs` relative timing, network stability, and skew bound. Furthermore, this study establishes an upper bound on maximum clocking rates for BaC networks which is about double that predicted by earlier studies.

  3. : Hanson Blata, Chief, Radiation Branch Health & Safety Division

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Hanson Blata, Chief, Radiation Branch Health & Safety Division ,DATTE: July 25, 1952 FROM : Eugene Barry, Radiation Brsnchctr@ Health & Safety Division SL-JEm: VISIT TO CANADIAN RADIUM AND UFLANIUM CO, MT. K&O, N. Y. - MAY 28, 1952 SrnOL: HSR:.WB:md On May 28, a visit was made to the Canadian Radium and Uranium Co. of Mt. Kisco, New York, a manufacturer and distributor of radium and polonium products, for the purpose of assisting the New York State Department of Labor in making a

  4. Vegetation survey of Pen Branch and Four Mile Creek wetlands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    One hundred-fifty plots were recently sampled (vegetational sampling study) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). An extensive characterization of the vascular flora, in four predetermined strata (overstory, Understory, shrub layer, and ground cover), was undertaken to determine dominance, co-dominance, and the importance value (I.V.) of each species. These results will be used by the Savannah River Laboratory (SRL) to evaluate the environmental status of Four Mile Creek, Pen Branch, and two upland pine stands. Objectives of this study were to: Describe in detail the plant communities previously mapped with reference to the topography and drainage, including species of plants present: Examine the successional trends within each sampling area and describe the extent to which current vegetation communities have resulted from specific earlier vegetation disturbances (e.g., logging and grazing); describe in detail the botanical field techniques used to sample the flora; describe the habitat and location of protected and/or rare species of plants; and collect and prepare plant species as herbarium quality specimens. Sampling was conducted at Four Mile Creek and Pen Branch, and in two upland pine plantations of different age growth.

  5. Vegetation survey of Pen Branch and Four Mile Creek wetlands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01

    One hundred-fifty plots were recently sampled (vegetational sampling study) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). An extensive characterization of the vascular flora, in four predetermined strata (overstory, Understory, shrub layer, and ground cover), was undertaken to determine dominance, co-dominance, and the importance value (I.V.) of each species. These results will be used by the Savannah River Laboratory (SRL) to evaluate the environmental status of Four Mile Creek, Pen Branch, and two upland pine stands. Objectives of this study were to: Describe in detail the plant communities previously mapped with reference to the topography and drainage, including species of plants present: Examine the successional trends within each sampling area and describe the extent to which current vegetation communities have resulted from specific earlier vegetation disturbances (e.g., logging and grazing); describe in detail the botanical field techniques used to sample the flora; describe the habitat and location of protected and/or rare species of plants; and collect and prepare plant species as herbarium quality specimens. Sampling was conducted at Four Mile Creek and Pen Branch, and in two upland pine plantations of different age growth.

  6. Advanced Branching Control and Characterization of Inorganic Semiconducting Nanocrystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, Steven Michael

    2007-12-31

    The ability to finely tune the size and shape of inorganic semiconducting nanocrystals is an area of great interest, as the more control one has, the more applications will be possible for their use. The first two basic shapes develped in nanocrystals were the sphere and the anistropic nanorod. the II_VI materials being used such as Cadmium Selenide (CdSe) and Cadmium Telluride (CdTe), exhibit polytypism, which allows them to form in either the hexagonally packed wurtzite or cubically packed zinc blende crystalline phase. The nanorods are wurtzite with the length of the rod growing along the c-axis. As this grows, stacking faults may form, which are layers of zinc blende in the otherwise wurtzite crystal. Using this polytypism, though, the first generation of branched crystals were developed in the form of the CdTe tetrapod. This is a nanocrystal that nucleates in the zincblend form, creating a tetrahedral core, on which four wurtzite arms are grown. This structure opened up the possibility of even more complex shapes and applications. This disseration investigates the advancement of branching control and further understanding the materials polytypism in the form of the stacking faults in nanorods.

  7. Branch Flow Model: Relaxations and Convexification-Part II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farivar, M; Low, SH

    2013-08-01

    We propose a branch flow model for the analysis and optimization of mesh as well as radial networks. The model leads to a new approach to solving optimal power flow (OPF) that consists of two relaxation steps. The first step eliminates the voltage and current angles and the second step approximates the resulting problem by a conic program that can be solved efficiently. For radial networks, we prove that both relaxation steps are always exact, provided there are no upper bounds on loads. For mesh networks, the conic relaxation is always exact but the angle relaxation may not be exact, and we provide a simple way to determine if a relaxed solution is globally optimal. We propose convexification of mesh networks using phase shifters so that OPF for the convexified network can always be solved efficiently for an optimal solution. We prove that convexification requires phase shifters only outside a spanning tree of the network and their placement depends only on network topology, not on power flows, generation, loads, or operating constraints. Part I introduces our branch flow model, explains the two relaxation steps, and proves the conditions for exact relaxation. Part II describes convexification of mesh networks, and presents simulation results.

  8. Branch Flow Model: Relaxations and Convexification-Part I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farivar, M; Low, SH

    2013-08-01

    We propose a branch flow model for the analysis and optimization of mesh as well as radial networks. The model leads to a new approach to solving optimal power flow (OPF) that consists of two relaxation steps. The first step eliminates the voltage and current angles and the second step approximates the resulting problem by a conic program that can be solved efficiently. For radial networks, we prove that both relaxation steps are always exact, provided there are no upper bounds on loads. For mesh networks, the conic relaxation is always exact but the angle relaxation may not be exact, and we provide a simple way to determine if a relaxed solution is globally optimal. We propose convexification of mesh networks using phase shifters so that OPF for the convexified network can always be solved efficiently for an optimal solution. We prove that convexification requires phase shifters only outside a spanning tree of the network and their placement depends only on network topology, not on power flows, generation, loads, or operating constraints. Part I introduces our branch flow model, explains the two relaxation steps, and proves the conditions for exact relaxation. Part II describes convexification of mesh networks, and presents simulation results.

  9. Frequently Asked Questions About the Technology Demonstration GATEWAY

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Program | Department of Energy Frequently Asked Questions About the Technology Demonstration GATEWAY Program Frequently Asked Questions About the Technology Demonstration GATEWAY Program This page addresses many of the questions about the DOE Solid-State Lighting Technology Demonstration GATEWAY program raised by potential eligible participants, such as manufacturers, demonstration host sites, utilities, and energy efficiency organizations. What is the DOE Solid-State Lighting (SSL)

  10. SunShot Prize Frequently Asked Questions | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Prize Frequently Asked Questions SunShot Prize Frequently Asked Questions This document details the frequently asked questions for the SunShot Prize: Race to 7-Day Solar. Updated: July 29 SunShot Prize FAQs July 2015.pdf (681.73 KB) More Documents & Publications SunShot Prize Competition Rules SunShot Prize Race to 7-Day Solar SunShot Podcast: 3 Reasons to Register for the SunShot Prize Today