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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Regenerative braking device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are several embodiments of a regenerative braking device for an automotive vehicle. The device includes a plurality of rubber rollers (24, 26) mounted for rotation between an input shaft (14) connectable to the vehicle drivetrain and an output shaft (16) which is drivingly connected to the input shaft by a variable ratio transmission (20). When the transmission ratio is such that the input shaft rotates faster than the output shaft, the rubber rollers are torsionally stressed to accumulate energy, thereby slowing the vehicle. When the transmission ratio is such that the output shaft rotates faster than the input shaft, the rubber rollers are torsionally relaxed to deliver accumulated energy, thereby accelerating or driving the vehicle.

Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI)

1982-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

2

Combined hydraulic and regenerative braking system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A combined hydraulic and regenerative braking system and method for an electric vehicle is disclosed. The braking system is responsive to the applied hydraulic pressure in a brake line to control the braking of the vehicle to be completely hydraulic up to a first level of brake line pressure, to be partially hydraulic at a constant braking force and partially regenerative at a linearly increasing braking force from the first level of applied brake line pressure to a higher second level of brake line pressure, to be partially hydraulic at a linearly increasing braking force and partially regenerative at a linearly decreasing braking force from the second level of applied line pressure to a third and higher level of applied line pressure, and to be completely hydraulic at a linearly increasing braking force from the third level to all higher applied levels of line pressure.

Venkataperumal, R.R.; Mericle, G.E.

1979-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

3

Combined hydraulic and regenerative braking system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A combined hydraulic and regenerative braking system and method for an electric vehicle, with the braking system being responsive to the applied hydraulic pressure in a brake line to control the braking of the vehicle to be completely hydraulic up to a first level of brake line pressure, to be partially hydraulic at a constant braking force and partially regenerative at a linearly increasing braking force from the first level of applied brake line pressure to a higher second level of brake line pressure, to be partially hydraulic at a linearly increasing braking force and partially regenerative at a linearly decreasing braking force from the second level of applied line pressure to a third and higher level of applied line pressure, and to be completely hydraulic at a linearly increasing braking force from the third level to all higher applied levels of line pressure.

Venkataperumal, Rama R. (Troy, MI); Mericle, Gerald E. (Mount Clemens, MI)

1981-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

4

Variable ratio regenerative braking device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a regenerative braking device (10) for an automotive vehicle. The device includes an energy storage assembly (12) having a plurality of rubber rollers (26, 28) mounted for rotation between an input shaft (36) and an output shaft (42), clutches (38, 46) and brakes (40, 48) associated with each shaft, and a continuously variable transmission (22) connectable to a vehicle drivetrain and to the input and output shafts by the respective clutches. The rubber rollers are torsionally stressed to accumulate energy from the vehicle when the input shaft is clutched to the transmission while the brake on the output shaft is applied, and are torsionally relaxed to deliver energy to the vehicle when the output shaft is clutched to the transmission while the brake on the input shaft is applied. The transmission ratio is varied to control the rate of energy accumulation and delivery for a given rotational speed of the vehicle drivetrain.

Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI)

1981-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

5

Hybrid: Braking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

button highlighted Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar BRAKING: PART 1 Regenerative braking converts otherwise wasted energy from braking into electricity and stores it in...

6

The Application of Fuzzy Logic in Regenerative Braking of EV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regenerative braking can improve energy usage efficiency and prolong the driving distance of electric vehicle per charge, effectively. In the paper, we design a sugeno’s fuzzy logic controller which has four inputs including driver’s braking ... Keywords: regenerative braking, fuzzy logic control, braking force distribution, ADVISOR

Zijian Zhang; Guoqing Xu; Weimin Li; Liang Zheng

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Adaptive controller for regenerative and friction braking system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A regenerative and friction braking system for a vehicle having one or more roadwheels driven by an electric traction motor includes a driver responsive device for producing a brake demand signal having a magnitude corresponding to the level of braking force selected by the driver and friction and regenerative brakes operatively connected with the roadwheels of the vehicle. A system according to this invention further includes control means for operating the friction and regenerative braking subsystems so that maximum brake torques sustainable by the roadwheels of the vehicle without skidding or slipping will not be exceeded.

Davis, Roy I. (Ypsilanti, MI)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Adaptive controller for regenerative and friction braking system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A regenerative and friction braking system for a vehicle having one or more road wheels driven by an electric traction motor includes a driver responsive device for producing a brake demand signal having a magnitude corresponding to the level of braking force selected by the driver and friction and regenerative brakes operatively connected with the road wheels of the vehicle. A system according to this invention further includes control means for operating the friction and regenerative braking subsystems so that maximum brake torques sustainable by the road wheels of the vehicle without skidding or slipping will not be exceeded. 8 figs.

Davis, R.I.

1990-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

9

Electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An antiskid braking and traction control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes one or more sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensors and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydrualic braking control, or requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs a control strategy based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control the operation of the electric traction motor and to a brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative antiskid braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control.

Cikanek, Susan R. (Wixom, MI)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An antiskid braking and traction control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes one or more sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensors and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, or requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs a control strategy based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control the operation of the electric traction motor and to a brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative antiskid braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control. 10 figs.

Cikanek, S.R.

1995-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

11

The Research of Traction Motor Energy-Saving Regenerative Braking Control Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In all the motor braking control systems, regenerative braking is the only way of energy-saving braking control mode. It can convert dynamic energy which generate during braking period into electric energy, then return to the grid. In this paper, through ... Keywords: regenerative braking, traction motor, direct torque, stator flux, slip frequency

Yuhua Wang; Jianlin Miao; Yuanfang Wei

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Study on Regenerative Brake Method of Hybrid Electric Drive System of Armored Vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aiming at characteristics of regenerative brake of hybrid electric drive system of tracked armored vehicle, mechanism of regenerative brake by pulse width modulation is in-depth analyzed, motor speed, brake current, feedback current, feedback energy ... Keywords: hybrid electric drive, motor, regenerative brake

Li Hua; Zhong Meng-chun; Zhang Jian; Xu Da; Lin Hai

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Regenerative braking device with rotationally mounted energy storage means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A regenerative braking device for an automotive vehicle includes an energy storage assembly (12) having a plurality of rubber rollers (26, 28) mounted for rotation between an input shaft (30) and an output shaft (32), clutches (50, 56) and brakes (52, 58) associated with each shaft, and a continuously variable transmission (22) connectable to a vehicle drivetrain and to the input and output shafts by the respective clutches. In a second embodiment the clutches and brakes are dispensed with and the variable ratio transmission is connected directly across the input and output shafts. In both embodiments the rubber rollers are torsionally stressed to accumulate energy from the vehicle when the input shaft rotates faster or relative to the output shaft and are torsionally relaxed to deliver energy to the vehicle when the output shaft rotates faster or relative to the input shaft.

Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI)

1982-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

14

Fuzzy logic electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system using fuzzy logic for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensor and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, and requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs fuzzy logic based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control operation of the electric traction motor and to the brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control. 123 figs.

Cikanek, S.R.

1994-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

15

Fuzzy logic electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system using fuzzy logic for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensor and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, and requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs fuzzy logic based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control operation of the electric traction motor and to the brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control.

Cikanek, Susan R. (Wixom, MI)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Simulation of PSO Fuzzy Control Stratety for Regenerative Braking of HEV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on particle swarm optimization algorithm, a new fuzzy controller was constructed and a fuzzy control strategy of regenerative braking for HEV was proposed. A model of a parallel hybrid electric vehicle was built. The performance of the default ... Keywords: hybrid electric vehicle, fuzzy control, regenerative braking, particle swarm optimization

Wang Chun; Tang Lan

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

1 1 Regenerative braking converts otherwise wasted energy from braking into electricity and stores it in the battery. In regenerative braking, the electric motor is reversed so that, instead of using electricity to turn the wheels, the rotating wheels turn the motor and create electricity. Using energy from the wheels to turn the motor slows the vehicle down. Go to nextÂ… stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is decelerating. There are arrows flowing from the front wheels to the electric motor to the battery. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is decelerating. There are arrows flowing from the front wheels to the electric motor to the battery.

18

Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

2 2 If additional stopping power is needed, conventional friction brakes (e.g., disc brakes) are also applied automatically. Go backÂ… stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Battery: The battery stores energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the electric motor. Since the battery helps power the vehicle, it is larger and holds much more energy than batteries used to start conventional vehicles. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

19

Regenerative braking on bicycles to power LED safety flashers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work develops a method for capturing some of the kinetic energy ordinarily lost during braking on bicycles to power LED safety flashers. The system is designed to eliminate: (a) battery changing in popular LED flashers, ...

Collier, Ian M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Full Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Braking button highlighted Stopped button Braking button highlighted Stopped button BRAKING PART 1 Regenerative braking converts otherwise wasted energy from braking into electricity and stores it in the battery. In regenerative braking, the electric motor is reversed so that, instead of using electricity to turn the wheels, the rotating wheels turn the motor and create electricity. Using energy from the wheels to turn the motor slows the vehicle down. Go to nextÂ… stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is decelerating. There are arrows flowing from the front wheels to the power split device to the electric motor to the battery. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is decelerating. There are arrows flowing from the front wheels to the power split device to the electric motor to the battery.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Gravity brake  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mechanical gravity brake that prevents hoisted loads within a shaft from free-falling when a loss of hoisting force occurs. A loss of hoist lifting force may occur in a number of situations, for example if a hoist cable were to break, the brakes were to fail on a winch, or the hoist mechanism itself were to fail. Under normal hoisting conditions, the gravity brake of the invention is subject to an upward lifting force from the hoist and a downward pulling force from a suspended load. If the lifting force should suddenly cease, the loss of differential forces on the gravity brake in free-fall is translated to extend a set of brakes against the walls of the shaft to stop the free fall descent of the gravity brake and attached load.

Lujan, Richard E. (Santa Fe, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Braking system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A balanced braking system comprising a plurality of braking assemblies located about a member to be braked. Each of the braking assemblies consists of a spring biased piston of a first material fitted into a body of a different material which has a greater contraction upon cooling than the piston material. The piston is provided with a recessed head portion over which is positioned a diaphragm and forming a space therebetween to which is connected a pressurized fluid supply. The diaphragm is controlled by the fluid in the space to contact or withdraw from the member to be braked. A cooling means causes the body within which the piston is fitted to contract more than the piston, producing a tight shrink fit therebetween. The braking system is particularly applicable for selectively braking an arbor of an electron microscope which immobilizes, for example, a vertically adjustable low temperature specimen holder during observation. The system provides balanced braking forces which can be easily removed and re-established with minimal disturbance to arbor location.

Norgren, D.U.

1982-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

23

Hybrid: Braking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Button Stopped button highlighted subbanner graphic: gray bar Button Stopped button highlighted subbanner graphic: gray bar STOPPED When the vehicle is stopped, such as at a red light, the gasoline engine and electric motor shut off automatically so that energy is not wasted in idling. The battery continues to power auxillary systems, such as the air conditioning and dashboard displays. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Battery: The battery stores energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the electric motor. Since the battery helps power the vehicle, it is larger and holds much more energy than batteries used to start conventional vehicles. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

24

Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Button Stopped button highlighted subbanner graphic: gray bar Button Stopped button highlighted subbanner graphic: gray bar STOPPED When the vehicle is stopped, such as at a red light, the gasoline engine and electric motor shut off automatically so that energy is not wasted in idling. The battery continues to power auxillary systems, such as the air conditioning and dashboard displays. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Battery: The battery stores energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the electric motor. Since the battery helps power the vehicle, it is larger and holds much more energy than batteries used to start conventional vehicles. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

25

Model and Simulation of a Super-capacitor Braking Energy Recovery System for Urban Railway Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a braking energy recovery system based on super-capacitor was presented. The method use super-capacitor and the conventional braking resistance constitute a new braking unit to realize the regenerative energy recovery, when braking, braking ... Keywords: Urban railway transportation, regeneration braking, super-capacitor, energy recovery, electric traction

Chen Xiao-li; Yang Jian; Fang Yu

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Brake blending strategy for a hybrid vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hybrid electric powertrain system is provided including a transmission for driving a pair of wheels of a vehicle and a heat engine and an electric motor/generator coupled to the transmission. A friction brake system is provided for applying a braking torque to said vehicle. A controller unit generates control signals to the electric motor/generator and the friction brake system for controllably braking the vehicle in response to a drivers brake command. The controller unit determines and amount of regenerative torque available and compares this value to a determined amount of brake torque requested for determining the control signals to the electric motor/generator and the friction brake system.

Boberg, Evan S. (Hazel Park, MI)

2000-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

27

Vehicle brake testing system  

SciTech Connect

This invention relates to a force measuring system capable of measuring forces associated with vehicle braking and of evaluating braking performance. The disclosure concerns an invention which comprises a first row of linearly aligned plates, a force bearing surface extending beneath and beside the plates, vertically oriented links and horizontally oriented links connecting each plate to a force bearing surface, a force measuring device in each link, a transducer coupled to each force measuring device, and a computing device coupled to receive an output signal from the transducer indicative of measured force in each force measuring device. The present invention may be used for testing vehicle brake systems.

Stevens, Samuel S [Harriman, TN; Hodgson, Jeffrey W [Lenoir City, TN

2002-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

28

Svendborg Brakes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

energy Product Denmark-based manufacturer of braking systems for the wind industry, as well as for the oil sector. References Svendborg Brakes1 LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase...

29

Computational model design and performance estimation in registration brake control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric motorcycles are applicable to both toys and real motorcycles, and also is a reference for constructing larger electrical vehicles. A design computational model of regenerative braking control of electric motorcycles and an experimental identification ...

P. S. Pa; S. C. Chang

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor #12;Overview · Commercial Motor Vehicle (CMV) Air Brake System · North American Standard Level-1

31

CMV Brake Wear and Performance Test Little is known about the brake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inspections were due to brake defects. Additionally, brake maintenance and repair present a significant cost Center for Transportation Analysis (CTA) Research Areas Aviation Safety Air Traffic Management Analysis Environmental Policy Analysis Highway Safety Intelligent Transportation Systems Logistics Management Supply

32

Improved braking torque generation capacity of an eddy current brake with time varying magnetic fields: A numerical study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eddy current brakes (ECB) are electrically controlled and non-contact actuators used as assistive brakes in vehicles. ECBs exhibit insufficient generated braking torque at low speeds. In order to overcome this, the use of AC magnetic fields with fixed ... Keywords: Automotive applications, Brake-by-wire, Eddy current brakes, Finite element analysis, Time-varying magnetic field

Kerem Karakoc; Edward J. Park; Afzal Suleman

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake-Related Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake-Related Research Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor

34

Multidisciplinary design optimization of an automotive magnetorheological brake design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the development of a new electromechanical brake system using magnetorheological (MR) fluid. The proposed brake system consists of rotating disks immersed in a MR fluid and enclosed in an electromagnet, where the yield stress of the ... Keywords: Automotive brake, Computational fluid dynamics, Electric brake actuator, Finite element analysis, Magnetorheological fluid, Multidisciplinary design optimization

Edward J. Park; Luis Falcão da Luz; Afzal Suleman

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Method and apparatus for wind turbine braking  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for braking a wind turbine including at least one rotor blade coupled to a rotor. The method includes selectively controlling an angle of pitch of the at least one rotor blade with respect to a wind direction based on a design parameter of a component of the wind turbine to facilitate reducing a force induced into the wind turbine component as a result of braking.

Barbu, Corneliu (Laguna Hills, CA); Teichmann, Ralph (Nishkayuna, NY); Avagliano, Aaron (Houston, TX); Kammer, Leonardo Cesar (Niskayuna, NY); Pierce, Kirk Gee (Simpsonville, SC); Pesetsky, David Samuel (Greenville, SC); Gauchel, Peter (Muenster, DE)

2009-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

36

Niobium Alloying in Grey Cast Iron for Vehicle Brake Discs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Niobium Alloying in Grey Cast Iron for Vehicle Brake Discs. Author(s) ... Microtexture Analysis of a Hot Rolled Silicon Electric Steel · Niobium

37

Braking system for use with an arbor of a microscope  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A balanced braking system comprising a plurality of braking assemblies located about a member to be braked. Each of the braking assemblies consists of a spring biased piston of a first material fitted into a body of a different material which has a greater contraction upon cooling than the piston material. The piston is provided with a recessed head portion over which is positioned a diaphragm and forming a space therebetween to which is connected a pressurized fluid supply. The diaphragm is controlled by the fluid in the space to contact or withdraw from the member to be braked. A cooling device causes the body within which the piston is fitted to contract more than the piston, producing a tight shrink fit therebetween. The braking system is particularly applicable for selectively braking an arbor of an electron microscope which immobilizes, for example, a vertically adjustable low temperature specimen holder during observation. The system provides balanced braking forces which can be easily removed and re-established with minimal disturbance to arbor location.

Norgren, Duane U. (Orinda, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Investigation of aerodynamic braking devices for wind turbine applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report documents the selection and preliminary design of a new aerodynamic braking system for use on the stall-regulated AWT-26/27 wind turbines. The goal was to identify and design a configuration that offered improvements over the existing tip brake used by Advanced Wind Turbines, Inc. (AWT). Although the design objectives and approach of this report are specific to aerodynamic braking of AWT-26/27 turbines, many of the issues addressed in this work are applicable to a wider class of turbines. The performance trends and design choices presented in this report should be of general use to wind turbine designers who are considering alternative aerodynamic braking methods. A literature search was combined with preliminary work on device sizing, loads and mechanical design. Candidate configurations were assessed on their potential for benefits in the areas of cost, weight, aerodynamic noise, reliability and performance under icing conditions. As a result, two configurations were identified for further study: the {open_quotes}spoiler-flap{close_quotes} and the {open_quotes}flip-tip.{close_quotes} Wind tunnel experiments were conducted at Wichita State University to evaluate the performance of the candidate aerodynamic brakes on an airfoil section representative of the AWT-26/27 blades. The wind tunnel data were used to predict the braking effectiveness and deployment characteristics of the candidate devices for a wide range of design parameters. The evaluation was iterative, with mechanical design and structural analysis being conducted in parallel with the braking performance studies. The preliminary estimate of the spoiler-flap system cost was $150 less than the production AWT-26/27 tip vanes. This represents a reduction of approximately 5 % in the cost of the aerodynamic braking system. In view of the preliminary nature of the design, it would be prudent to plan for contingencies in both cost and weight.

Griffin, D.A. [R. Lynette & Associates, Seattle, WA (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction ...  

Patent Number: 5,450,324: Issued: September 12, 1995: Official Filing: View the Complete Patent at the US Patent & Trademark Office: Lab: Idaho ...

40

Oxygen-Diffused Titanium as a Candidate Brake Rotor Material  

SciTech Connect

Titanium alloys are one of several candidate materials for the next generation of truck disk brake rotors. Despite their advantages of lightweight relative to cast iron and good strength and corrosion resistance, titanium alloys are unlikely to be satisfactory brake rotor materials unless their friction and wear behavior can be significantly improved. In this study, a surface engineering process oxygen diffusion was applied to titanium rotors and has shown very encouraging results. The oxygen diffused Ti-6Al-4V (OD-Ti) was tested on a sub-scale brake tester against a flat block of commercial brake lining material and benchmarked against several other Ti-based materials, including untreated Ti-6Al-4V, ceramic particle-reinforced Ti composites (MMCs), and a thermal-spray-coated Ti alloy. With respect to friction, the OD-Ti outperformed all other candidate materials under the imposed test conditions with the friction coefficient remaining within a desirable range of 0.35-0.50, even under the harshest conditions when the disk surface temperature reached nearly 600 ?C. In addition, the OD-Ti showed significantly improved wear-resistance over the non-treated one and was even better than the Ti-based composite materials.

Qu, Jun [ORNL; Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL; Jolly, Brian C [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing: Five-Axle Combination Tractor-Flatbed Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, in coordination with the Federal Highway Administration, sponsored the Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT) program in order to provide information about the effect of gross vehicle weight (GVW) on braking performance. Because the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations limit the number of braking system defects that may exist for a vehicle to be allowed to operate on the roadways, the examination of the effect of brake defects on brake performance for increased loads is also relevant. The HOVBT program seeks to provide relevant information to policy makers responsible for establishing load limits, beginning with providing test data for a combination tractor/trailer. This testing was conducted on a five-axle combination vehicle with tractor brakes meeting the Reduced Stopping Distance requirement rulemaking. This report provides a summary of the testing activities, the results of various analyses of the data, and recommendations for future research. Following a complete brake rebuild, instrumentation, and brake burnish, stopping tests were performed from 20 and 40 mph with various brake application pressures (15 psi, 25 psi, 35 psi, 45 psi, 55 psi, and full system pressure). These tests were conducted for various brake conditions at the following GVWs: 60,000, 80,000, 91,000, 97,000, 106,000, and 116,000 lb. The 80,000-lb GVWs included both balanced and unbalanced loads. The condition of the braking system was also varied. To introduce these defects, brakes (none, forward drive axle, or rear trailer axle) were made inoperative. In addition to the stopping tests, performance-based brake tests were conducted for the various loading and brake conditions. Analysis of the stopping test data showed the stopping distance to increase with load (as expected) and also showed that more braking force was generated by the drive axle brakes than the trailer axle brakes. The constant-pressure stopping test data revealed a linear relationship between brake application pressure and was used to develop an algorithm to normalize stopping data for weight and initial speed.

Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL] ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL] ORNL; Franzese, Oscar [ORNL] ORNL

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Energy Efficiency in Heavy Vehicle Tires, Drivetrains, and Braking Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document was prepared to support the primary goals of the Department of Energy, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies. These were recently stated as follows: ''Develop by 2004 the enabling technologies for a class 7-8 truck with a fuel efficiency of 10 mpg (at 65 mph) which will meet prevailing emission standards. For Class 3-6 trucks operating on an urban driving cycle, develop by 2004 commercially viable vehicles that achieve at least double the fuel economy of comparable current vehicles (1999), and as a research goal, reduce criteria pollutants to 30% below EPA standards. Develop by 2004 the diesel engine enabling technologies to support large-scale industry dieselization of Class 1 and 2 trucks, achieving a 35 % fuel efficiency improvement over comparable gasoline-fueled trucks, while meeting applicable emissions standards.'' The enabling technologies for improving the fuel efficiency of trucks, include not only engine technologies but also technologies involved with lowering the rolling resistance of tires, reducing vehicle aerodynamic drag, improving thermal management, and reducing parasitic frictional losses in drive train components. Opportunities also exist for making better use of the energy that might ordinarily be dissipated during vehicle braking. Braking systems must be included in this evaluation since safety in truck operations is vital, and braking requirements are greater for vehicles having lowered resistance to rolling. The Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies has initiated a program to improve the aerodynamics of heavy vehicles through wind tunnel testing, computational modeling, and on-road evaluations. That activity is described in a separate multi-year plan; therefore, emphasis in this document will be on tires, drive trains, and braking systems. Recent, dramatic fluctuations in diesel fuel prices have emphasized the importance of effecting savings in truck fuel economy by implementing new component designs and materials.

Peter J. Blau

2000-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

43

Brake rotor design and comparison using finite element analysis : an investigation in topology optimization.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Disc brake technology used for mountain bikes, and mountain bike technology in general, has improved significantly as the sport of mountain biking has evolved. Disc… (more)

Domond, Kenneth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Numerical Simulation of Brake Discs of CRH3 High-Speed Trains ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the research object?the course of emergency brake was simulated by ANSYS. .... Energy X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy Studies of Bulk Polycrystal Responses.

45

Tachyon cosmology, supernovae data, and the big brake singularity  

SciTech Connect

We compare the existing observational data on type Ia supernovae with the evolutions of the Universe predicted by a one-parameter family of tachyon models which we have introduced recently [Phys. Rev. D 69, 123512 (2004)]. Among the set of the trajectories of the model which are compatible with the data there is a consistent subset for which the Universe ends up in a new type of soft cosmological singularity dubbed big brake. This opens up yet another scenario for the future history of the Universe besides the one predicted by the standard {lambda}CDM model.

Keresztes, Z.; Gergely, L. A.; Gorini, V.; Moschella, U.; Kamenshchik, A. Yu. [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Szeged, Tisza Lajos krt 84-86, Szeged 6720 (Hungary); Department of Experimental Physics, University of Szeged, Dom Ter 9, Szeged 6720 (Hungary); Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Szeged, Tisza Lajos krt 84-86, Szeged 6720 (Hungary); Department of Experimental Physics, University of Szeged, Dom Ter 9, Szeged 6720 (Hungary); Department of Applied Science, London South Bank University, 103 Borough Road, London SE1 OAA (United Kingdom); Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche e Mathematiche, Universita dell'Insubria, Via Valleggio 11, 22100 Como (Italy); INFN, sezione di Milano, Via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, via Irnerio 46, 40126 Bologna (Italy); L. D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kosygin street 2, 119334 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

46

Dual-channel Haptic Synthesis of Viscoelastic Tissue Properties using Programmable Eddy Current Brakes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a novel method for haptic synthesis of viscoelastic responses which employs a dual-channel haptic interface. It has motors that generate torque independently of velocity and brakes that generate viscous torque independently of position. ... Keywords: eddy current brakes, haptic simulation, viscoelastic simulation

Andrew H. C. Gosline; Vincent Hayward

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Operation Pattern Recognition and Control for Super Capacitor Braking Energy Regeneration System of Micro EV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Super capacitor has some advantages of high charge-discharge rate, long life, simple structure and reliable performance, and it is especially suitable as braking energy renewable energy storage device for electric vehicle and hybrid electric vehicle. ... Keywords: Super capacitor, braking energy regeneration, micro EV, pattern recognition and control

Jinyu Qu; Liyan Liang; Zhongyu Yang

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Microsoft PowerPoint - Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment poster.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynamic Brake Assessment Dynamic Brake Assessment Purpose Conduct a proof-of-concept test to examine the feasibility of developing an on-board system to assess a vehicle's ability to stop based on typical low-pressure in-service braking events. Partnerships H.T. Hackney Company MGM Brakes Overview Funded through the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's Vehicle and Roadside Operations Division Concept stemming from on the Department of Energy's Medium Truck Duty Cycle research as well as previous research conducted for the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration. Signals to be collected Real-time brake application pressure Vehicle speed and acceleration GPS location and grade information Vehicle weight (current load) Engine parameters such as RPM and torque To be conducted October 2010 -

49

Wind turbine trailing-edge aerodynamic brake design  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the design of a centrifugally actuated aerodynamic-overspeed device for a horizontal-axis wind turbine. The device will meet the following criteria; (1) It will be effective for airfoil angles of attack 0{degrees} to 45{degrees}. (2) It will be stowed inside the blade profile prior to deployment. (3) It will be capable of offsetting the positive torque produced by the overall blade. (4) Hinge moments will be minimized to lower actuator loads and cost. (5) It will be evaluated as a potential power modulating active rotor-control system. A literature review of aerodynamic braking devices was conducted. Information from the literature review was used to conceptualize the most effective devices for subsequent testing and design. Wind-tunnel test data for several braking devices are presented in this report. Using the data for the most promising configuration, a preliminary design was developed for a MICON 65/13 wind turbine with Phoenix 7.9-m rotor blades.

Quandt, G.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Nonlinear Control Synthesis for a Self-energizing Electro-Hydraulic Brake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nonlinear control algorithm for a self-energizing electro-hydraulic brake is analytically designed. The desired closed-loop system behavior is reached via a synthesized nonlinear controller.

Starykh, Alexey

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Mechanical and Regenerative Braking Integration for a Hybrid Electric Vehicle.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hybrid electric vehicle technology has become a preferred method for the automotive industry to reduce environmental impact and fuel consumption of their vehicles. Hybrid electric… (more)

DeMers, Steven Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Control of a dynamic brake to reduce turbine-generator shaft transient torques  

SciTech Connect

A resistive, thyristor-controlled brake is used to damp transient torques in large thermo-electric generators supplying series-compensated transmission lines. Emphasis is placed on developing a suitable control algorithm and testing the algorithm through a wide variety of different operating configurations. Discrete-level Generalized Predictive Control is examined as one possible approach to optimal control of the brake. Some problems with implementation of GPC on the system are discussed. Prony analysis is used to identify system transfer functions which are then related to control design considerations and robustness properties.

Donnelly, M.K.; Smith, J.R.; Johnson, R.M. (Montana State Univ., Bozeman, MT (United States)); Hauer, J.F. (Bonneville Power Administration, Kalispell, MT (United States)); Brush, R.W. (Montana Power Co., Butte, MT (United States)); Adapa, R. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Use of an auditory signal in a rear-end collision warning system: effects on braking force and reaction time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This simulator experiment is a preliminary study examining the effects of different auditory signals on braking force and reaction time in a rear-end collision warning system. A driving simulator was built in which subjects operated a computer driving game. Superimposed on the game screen was the image of a car which appeared to the driver to be ahead of him/her. The image enlarged in size, appearing to be a car applying its brakes. The participant was instructed to react as he would in a real driving situation by applying his/her brakes. Closing velocities of 10 miles per hour and 30 miles per hour were used. Braking times and forces were measured for four different warning sounds: 1) no warning; 2) a pulsed warning sound that increased in repetition rate; 3) a sound that increased in frequency; and, 4) a sound that increased in intensity. Results suggested that an auditory warning signal would decrease reaction time and increase maximum braking force applied. The sound that increased in frequency and the sound that increased in intensity provided the greatest savings in reaction time, approximately one quarter second, when compared to the no warning condition. The pulsed warning sound provided the greatest increase in braking force. Participants preferred the pulsed sound over the other warning sounds. Further research must be done to determine if the warning sounds decrease the reaction time enough to cause a significant reduction in accidents.

Hopkins, Jennifer Susan

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Collapse and Fragmentation of Molecular Cloud Cores. X. Magnetic Braking of Prolate and Oblate Cores  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The collapse and fragmentation of initially prolate and oblate, magnetic molecular clouds is calculated in three dimensions with a gravitational, radiative hydrodynamics code. The code includes magnetic field effects in an approximate manner: magnetic pressure, tension, braking, and ambipolar diffusion are all modelled. The parameters varied for both the initially prolate and oblate clouds are the initial degree of central concentration of the radial density profile, the initial angular velocity, and the efficiency of magnetic braking (represented by a factor $f_{mb} = 10^{-4}$ or $10^{-3}$). The oblate cores all collapse to form rings that might be susceptible to fragmentation into multiple systems. The outcome of the collapse of the prolate cores depends strongly on the initial density profile. Prolate cores with central densities 20 times higher than their boundary densities collapse and fragment into binary or quadruple systems, whereas cores with central densities 100 times higher collapse to form single...

Boss, Alan P

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Variations in gear fatigue life for different wind turbine braking strategies  

SciTech Connect

A large number of gearbox failures have occurred in the wind industry in a relatively short period, many because service loads were underestimated. High-torque transients that occur during starting and stopping are difficult to predict and may be overlooked in specifying gearbox design. Although these events comprise a small portion of total load cycles, they can be the most damaging. The severity of these loads varies dramatically with the specific configuration of the wind turbine. The large number of failures in Danish-designed Micon 65 wind turbines prompted this investigation. The high-speed and low-speed shaft torques were measured on a two-stage helical gearbox of a single Micon 65 turbine. Transient events and normal running loads were combined statistically to obtain a typical annual load spectrum. The pitting and bending fatigue lives of the gear teeth were calculated by using Miner's rule for four different high-speed shaft brake configurations. Each breaking scenario was run for both a high- and a low-turbulence normal operating load spectrum. The analysis showed increases in gear life by up to a factor of 25 when the standard high-speed shaft brake is replaced with a dynamic brake or modified with a damper. 9 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

McNiff, B.P. (Second Wind, Inc., Somerville, MA (USA)); Musial, W.D. (Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (USA)); Errichello, R. (GEARTECH, Albany, CA (USA))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

How Many CVs are Crossing the Period Gap? A Test for the Disruption of Magnetic Braking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply population synthesis techniques to calculate the present day number of two types of white dwarf-main sequence star (WDMS) binaries within the cataclysmic variable period gap. The first are post-common envelope binaries with secondary stars that have masses between 0.17 and 0.36 Msun (gPCEBs), such that they will commence mass transfer within the period gap. The second type are systems that were CVs at some point in their past, but detached once they evolved down in orbital period to ~3 h as a consequence of disrupted magnetic braking, and are crossing the period gap via gravitational radiation (dCVs). Full population synthesis calculations are performed where we assume either constant, global values of the common envelope ejection efficiency, or consider the ejection efficiency as a function of secondary mass. Several forms of magnetic braking are also considered. We predict an excess of dCVs over gPCEBs within the period gap of ~4 to ~13 assuming an ejection efficiency between 0.1 and 0.6, and a flat initial mass ratio distribution. This excess is revealed as a prominent peak at the location of the period gap in the orbital period distribution of the combined gPCEB and dCV population. We suggest that if such a feature is observed in the orbital period distribution of an observed sample of short orbital period WDMS binaries, this would strongly corroborate the disruption of magnetic braking.

P. J. Davis; U. Kolb; B. Willems; B. T. Gänsicke

2008-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

57

Variations in gear fatigue life for different wind turbine braking strategies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A large number of gearbox failures have occurred in the wind industry in a relatively short period, many because service loads were underestimated. High-torque transients that occur during starting and stopping are difficult to predict and may be overlooked in specifying gearbox design. Although these events comprise a small portion of total load cycles, they can be the most damaging. The severity of these loads varies dramatically with the specific configuration of the wind turbine. The large number of failures in Danish-designed Micon 65 wind turbines prompted this investigation. The high-speed and low-speed shaft torques were measured on a two-stage helical gearbox of a single Micon 65 turbine. Transient events and normal running loads were combined statistically to obtain a typical annual load spectrum. The pitting and bending fatigue lives of the gear teeth were calculated by using Miner's rule for four different high-speed shaft brake configurations. Each breaking scenario was run for both a high- and a low-turbulence normal operating load spectrum. The analysis showed increases in gear life by up to a factor of 25 when the standard high-speed shaft brake is replaced with a dynamic brake or modified with a damper. 9 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

McNiff, B.P. (Second Wind, Inc., Somerville, MA (USA)); Musial, W.D. (Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (USA)); Errichello, R. (GEARTECH, Albany, CA (USA))

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Solar tracker motor having a fixed caliper and a translating caliper each with an electromagnetic brake system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concepts and technologies described herein provide for an accurate and cost-effective method for rotating a solar array disk for tracking the movement of the sun. According to various aspects, a motor includes a fixed caliper and a translating caliper positioned adjacent to one another. Electromagnetically controlled brakes on the translating caliper grip the solar array disk while adjacent, but spaced apart, electromagnets on the fixed caliper and the translating caliper are energized to create an attractive force that pulls the translating caliper with the solar array disk toward the fixed caliper. After reaching the fixed caliper, brakes on the fixed caliper are engaged with the disk, brakes on the translating caliper are released from the disk, and the translating caliper is pushed back to the starting location where the process repeats until the desired rotation is completed.

Rau, Scott James

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

59

On The Use of Eddy Current Brakes as Tunable, Fast Turn-On Viscous Dampers For Haptic Rendering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based on eddy current brakes because they are inexpensive, friction- e-mail: andrewg@cim.mcgill.ca e-mail: champ@cim.mcgill.ca e-mail: hayward@cim.mcgill.ca free, capable of fast turn-on time, and linear

Hayward, Vincent

60

CityCarControl : an electric vehicle drive-by-wire solution for distributed steering, braking and throttle control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose CityCarControl, a system to manage the steering, braking, and throttle of a new class of intra-city electric vehicles. These vehicles have a focus on extreme light-weight and a small parking ...

Brown, Thomas B., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Injection Timing Effects on Brake Fuel Conversion Efficiency and Engine System's Respones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Societal concerns on combustion-based fuel consumption are ever-increasing. With respect to internal combustion engines, this translates to a need to increase brake fuel conversion efficiency (BFCE). Diesel engines are a relatively efficient internal combustion engine to consider for numerous applications, but associated actions to mitigate certain exhaust emissions have generally deteriorated engine efficiency. Conventionally, diesel engine emission control has centered on in-cylinder techniques. Although these continue to hold promise, the industry trend is presently favoring the use of after-treatment devices which create new opportunities to improve the diesel engine's brake fuel conversion efficiency. This study focuses on injection timing effects on the combustion processes, engine efficiency, and the engine system's responses. The engine in the study is a medium duty diesel engine (capable of meeting US EPA Tier III off road emission standards) equipped with common rail direct fuel injection, variable geometry turbo charging, and interfaced with a custom built engine controller. The study found that injection timing greatly affected BFCE by changing the combustion phasing. BFCE would increase up to a maximum then begin to decrease as phasing became less favorable. Combustion phasing would change from being mostly mixing controlled combustion to premixed combustion as injection timing would advance allowing more time for fuel to mix during the ignition delay. Combustion phasing, in turn, would influence many other engine parameters. As injection timing is advanced, in-cylinder temperatures and pressures amplify, and intake and exhaust manifold pressures deteriorate. Rate of heat release and rate of heat transfer increase when injection timing is advanced. Turbocharger speed falls with the advancing injection timing. Torque, however, rose to a maximum then fell off again even though engine speed and fueling rate were held constant between different injection timings. Interestingly, the coefficient of heat transfer changes from a two peak curve to a smooth one peak curve as the injection timing is advanced further. The major conclusion of the study is that injection advance both positively and negatively influences the diesel engine's response which contributes to the brake fuel conversion efficiency.

McLean, James Elliott

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

A study of factors affecting foot movement time in a braking maneuver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The nature of foot movement time (MT) in an actual braking maneuver and in a stationary vehicle was investigated regarding the effects of age and gender of the driver and nature of the stimulus to which the driver was responding. ANOVAs showed that the nature of the stimulus was not a significant factor in length of MT, but distance between pedals and age-gender levels were found to have significant effects. For the actual braking maneuver, gender and the gender-by-age interaction were significant; in the stationary vehicle portion of the study, they were not. Mean foot MT for both genders over all conditions were 0.28 seconds for women and 0.22 seconds for men. For older drivers, over all conditions, the mean foot MT was 0.25 seconds, and, for the younger drivers, 0.24 seconds. Linear regressions revealed high intra-subject variation in MT, which was corroborated by comparing with data from other parts of the study. Poor r2 values for fitting the data to Fitts' Law and to a modification of Fitts' Law were attributed to this high intra-subject variation and to obtaining data from only two different movement amplitudes. It was found that drivers' foot MTs tended to converge to a common value when controlling the vehicle at 88 km/hr (55 mph) as opposed to sitting in the driver's seat while the vehicle was stationary; mean foot MT for each subject group decreased, and differences between genders and age groups significantly diminished while the car was in motion.

Berman, Andrea Helene

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

A preliminary assessment of asbestos awareness and control measures in brake and clutch repair services in Knoxville and Knox County, Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

The pending OSHA standard revision proposed in 1990 to lower the asbestos Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) and to mandate effective asbestos control measures (ACM) in brake and clutch assembly work may have a profound effect on industries involved in such operations. Health protection of workers will be improved and costs of improved control methods and training will increase. Considering these facts, this preliminary study was designed to assess the level of worker and management awareness of asbestos hazards associated with brake and clutch repair and to determine what ACM had been implemented by businesses in Knoxville and Knox County, Tennessee. The study, in a metropolitan area of approximately 336,000 people, revealed eight different categories of businesses conducting brake and clutch repair work with an estimated 363 potentially exposed employees. Results of the study suggest that managers and employees of the 80 businesses studied were in need of asbestos hazard awareness training and more adequate asbestos control measures.

Phillips, C.C. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Hamilton, C.B.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-mail: jdixon@ing.puc.cl *University of Concepción Abstract An ultracapacitor bank control system and decelerations of the vehicle with minimal loss of energy, and minimal degradation of the main battery pack. The system uses an IGBT Buck-Boost converter, which is connected to the ultracapacitor bank at the Boost side

Rudnick, Hugh

65

Lightweight pressure vessels and unitized regenerative fuel cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Energy storage systems have been designed using lightweight pressure vessels with unitized regenerative fuel cells (URFCs). The vessels provide a means of storing reactant gases required for URFCs; they use lightweight bladder liners that act as inflatable mandrels for composite overwrap and provide a permeation barrier. URFC systems have been designed for zero emission vehicles (ZEVs); they are cost competitive with primary FC powered vehicles that operate on H/air with capacitors or batteries for power peaking and regenerative braking. URFCs are capable of regenerative braking via electrolysis and power peaking using low volume/low pressure accumulated oxygen for supercharging the power stack. URFC ZEVs can be safely and rapidly (<5 min.) refueled using home electrolysis units. Reversible operation of cell membrane catalyst is feasible without significant degradation. Such systems would have a rechargeable specific energy > 400 Wh/kg.

Mitlitsky, F.; Myers, B.; Weisberg, A.H.

1996-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

66

Simulations of Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Using Advanced Lithium Batteries and Ultracapacitors on Various Driving Cycles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

accept all the regenerative braking energy. This paper isaccept all the regenerative braking energy. Figure 1 showsaccepts all the regenerative braking energy. In this mode, a

Burke, Andy; Zhao, Hengbing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Transportation and its Infrastructure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

systems, store regenerative braking energy and to operate2 emissions. However, regenerative braking energy cannot beas electrical energy if regenerative braking is available (

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Zero-Emission Vehicle Scenario Cost Analysis Using A Fuzzy Set-Based Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and to capture regenerative braking energy, or a simplerto recapture regenerative braking energy over a modestto recapture regenerative braking energy and to meet vehicle

Lipman, Timothy Edward

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Assessment of the Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Potential of Ultra-Clean Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and to recover energy during regenerative braking. Theunituse of regenerative braking. 4.3 Pulse Power Energy Storage

Burke, A.F.; Miller, M.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Batteries for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs): Goals and the State of Technology circa 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and from regenerative braking, and passes energy to theor from regenerative braking and uses the energy in the

Axsen, Jonn; Burke, Andy; Kurani, Kenneth S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Gearing Up for Electric Cars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

half the energy lost during braking (regenerative braking),regenerative braking energ~ durmg de- celeration A fl)wheel stores energy

Sperling, Daniel

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

International Assessment of Electric-Drive Vehicles: Policies, Markets, and Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the vehmle allows regenerative brakmg energy to be captured,and to capture regenerative braking energy, or a simplerto recapture regenerative braking energy. ¯ motor-asstst

Sperling, Daniel; Lipman, Timothy

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Optimum Performance of Direct Hydrogen Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such that regenerative braking energy can be efficientlyto recovering energy by regenerative braking. This increaseis to recover energy while decelerating through regenerative

Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Mechanical and Hydraulic Press Brakes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...drives, with mechanical linkages from motor to flywheel to clutch to gears to crankshaft to crank arm to ram (Fig. 4). They all have one thing in common: a crankshaft action that converts rotary motion into straight, reciprocating motion (Fig. 5). During a stroke cycle, the crank arm drives the ram down...

75

Brake System Modeling and Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of 3447 kPa Upper Left: Volts vs. Angular Position, showingone cycle. Lower Right: Volts vs. Position at several brakewith a magnitude of several volts. The INA118, a precision

Hedrick, J. K.; Uchanski, M.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Stop/Start: Overview  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

a combination of regenerative and conventional friction braking to slow the vehicle. In regenerative braking, energy from the wheels turns the electric generator, creating...

77

A Lifecycle Emissions Model (LEM): Lifecycle Emissions from Transportation Fuels, Motor Vehicles, Transportation Modes, Electricity Use, Heating and Cooking Fuels, and Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

maximum, and restricts regenerative energy to be less thanthe extra energy made available by regenerative braking. Theregenerative braking (for fuel-cell vehicles without electro-chemical energy

Delucchi, Mark

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

ELECTROCHEMICAL POWER FOR TRANSPORTATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regenerative braking was much more significant with the separately- excited motor in that the energy

Cairns, Elton J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-wheel motors, EMB : · standard ABS algorithms are not adapted to regenerative braking (Toyota Prius

80

Present Status and Marketing Prospects of the Emerging Hybrid-Electric and Diesel Technologies to Reduce CO2 Emissions of New Light-Duty Vehicles in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and to recover energy during regenerative braking. Both theof energy. The batteries are also recharged via regenerative

Burke, Andy

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Feasible Café Standard Increases Using Emerging Diesel and Hybrid-Electric Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and to recover energy during regenerative braking. Both theof energy. The batteries are also recharged via regenerative

Burke, Andy; Abeles, Ethan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Feasible CAFE Standard Increases Using Emerging Diesel and Hybrid-Electric Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and to recover energy during regenerative braking. Both theof energy. The batteries are also recharged via regenerative

Burke, Andy; Abeles, Ethan C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Evolution of Sustainable Personal Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as well as energy recovery during regenerative braking. Theenergy is recoverable in an electrically dominant vehicle through regenerative

Jungers, Bryan D

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Identifying Options for Deep Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Emissions from California Transportation: Meeting an 80% Reduction Goal in 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fleet). Regenerative braking can improve energy efficiencyregenerative braking. Application of these technologies and strategies has the effect of lowering the energy

Yang, Christopher; McCollum, David L; McCarthy, Ryan; Leighty, Wayne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Fuel Economy: Where the Energy Goes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and lighter-weight technologies. Hybrids, plug-in hybrids, and electric vehicles use regenerative braking to recover some braking energy that would otherwise be lost. more......

86

Emissions of Criteria Pollutants, Toxic Air Pollutants, and Greenhouse Gases, From the Use of Alternative Transportation Modes and Fuels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acceleration energy recovered by regenerative braking Heavy-efficiencies, energy use by accessories, use of regenerativeregenerative braking can return “up to” 20% of propulsion energy;

Delucchi, Mark

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Microsoft Word - ev1.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Running Lamps Power Windows, Mirrors & Door Locks AMFM Stereo wCassette and CD Player Regenerative Braking with Coastdown Electro-Hydraulic Braking with ABS Electro Windshield...

88

Roadway Powered Electric Vehicle Project Track Construction And Testing Program Phase 3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lines show energy flow during regenerative braking. Theregenerative braking, the motor (acting as a generator) is supplying as much energyregenerative braking above the base speed of 12 mph. The energy

Systems Control Technology, Inc.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Microsoft Word - ford99.html  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FM Stereo Radio Tilt Steering Wheel Cabin Heat Dual Air Bags Power Steering (electro-hydraulic) Power Brakes Four Wheel Disc Brakes Four Wheel Anti-Lock Brakes Regenerative...

90

Gas turbine engine braking and method  

SciTech Connect

A method is described of decelerating a ground vehicle driven by a gas turbine engine having a gas generator section and a free turbine output power section driven by a gas flow from the gas generator section, comprising the steps of: altering the incidence of gas flow from the gas generator section onto the free turbine section whereby said gas flow opposes rotation of the free turbine section; increasing gas generator section speed; and subsequent to said altering and increasing steps, selectively mechanically interconnecting said gas generator and free turbine sections whereby the rotational inertia of the gas generator section tends to decelerate the free turbine section.

Mattson, G.; Woodhouse, G.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Fuel Cell Powered Vehicles Using Supercapacitors: Device Characteristics, Control Strategies, and Simulation Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the recaptured regenerative energy are completely offsetincrease of captured regenerative energy, and will slightlythe capture of regenerative braking energy, which will

Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Clean Diesel: Overcoming Noxious Fumes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regenerative braking to capture cially in medium-sized trucks used for deliveries, and fuel-cell energy

Brodrick, Christie-Joy; Sperling, Daniel; Dwyer, Harry A.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

NREL: Vehicle Systems Analysis - Future Automotive Systems Technology...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

rolling resistance) Powertrain components (engine, motor, battery, and auxiliary loads) Regenerative braking Energy management strategies Battery life estimates Cost estimates...

94

untitled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

petroleum consumption and emissions * Optimized fuel efficiency and performance * Recover energy during regenerative braking * Use existing gas station infrastructure * Minimal...

95

ACCESS Magazine Fall 2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regenerative braking to capture cially in medium-sized trucks used for deliveries, and fuel-cell energy

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Feasibility Study Of Advanced Technology Hov Systems: Volume 2b: Emissions Impact Of Roadway-powered Electric Buses, Light-duty Vehicles, And Automobiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of 20 mph. Regenerative braking affects energy consumptionenergy consumption is significantly affected by both the driving cycle, and to some extent, regenerative

Miller, Mark A.; Dato, Victor; Chira-chavala, Ted

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

??? 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on hybrid electric vehicle Grade ability performance. Dynamic Performance test -HEV Regenerative braking energy reclaiming ratio test-EVHEV Developing the regenerative...

98

file:///E|/ev/test/evps.shtml  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is used as a generator to recharge the batteries when the vehicle is slowing down. During regenerative braking, some of the kinetic energy normally absorbed by the brakes and...

99

Customer Side Monitoring at an Automobile Brake Manufacturer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This customer-side monitoring project correlated distribution-related power quality (PQ) events with customer-side events and vice-versa and characterized equipment sensitivity to voltage variations. It also characterized overall levels of PQ on the feeder and in the facility and compared these levels with the national baseline sample being gathered for the Distribution Power Quality project.

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

100

Magnetite Formation Observed with TEM on Brake Discs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbothermal Production of Zrb2-Zro2 Composite Powder from Zro2-B2O3/B System by ... Lignocellulosic-Based Carbon Fibers from Biofuel Production Wastes.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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101

NREL: Continuum Magazine - Putting On the Brakes to Protect America...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

beyond. Sustainable Transportation Reaches Across-and Beyond-Parks A photo of three propane buses parked on asphalt road in treed park setting with stone cliffs in the...

102

FY2003 Progress Report for Energy Storage Research and Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

II-2. Analyses indicated that batteries or ultracapacitors could capture significant regenerative braking energy, enhancing the fuel economy of FCVs. Figure II-2. Energy...

103

TransForum: Volume 5, No. 2, Fall 2005  

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primarily for leveling the load on the internal combustion engine (ICE) and for capturing energy associated with regenerative braking. If fuel prices continue to rise, automakers...

104

_MainReport  

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0 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 61 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 43 Total number of trips 111,773 Total...

105

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

18 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 74 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 45 Total number of trips 11,462 Total...

106

Vehicle Technologies Office: Ultracapacitors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

converter, which would increase the cost of the vehicle. The use of ultracapacitors for regenerative braking can greatly improve fuel efficiency under stop-and-go urban driving...

107

_MainReport  

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50 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 39 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 28 Total number of trips 10,624 Total...

108

DOE/ID-Number  

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of providing the power required for acceleration. Also, the battery's ability to accept energy from regenerative braking decreased significantly during the operating period....

109

_MainReport  

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52 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 29 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 39 Total number of trips 22,071 Total...

110

Stop/Start: Driving  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

generator to the gasoline engine to start it. Battery: The battery is used to store energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the...

111

TransForum n4n3 - Modeling Collaboration  

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turns out, for example, that higher hybridization (more battery power) leads to increased regenerative braking energy but decreased fuel cell system cycle efficiency. The...

112

INL/EXT-09-XXXXX  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

power available during braking. Figures 16 and 20 are pie charts showing the sources of regenerative energy throughout the urban drive cycle for the CD and CS modes,...

113

Annual Progress Report for Advanced Vehicle Technology Analysis...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

can expect, fuel economy gains are greater for driving cycles that have a high level of regenerative braking energy available (the Federal Urban Driving Schedule, or FUDS) and...

114

MonthlyReport  

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190 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 111 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 50 Total number of trips 2,055 Total...

115

Energy Conversion Devices Fuel Cell Electrocatalyst Development...  

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Fuel Cell(tm) Texaco Ovonic Fuel Cell Company, LLC non-precious metal catalysts regenerative braking energy absorption capability wide temperature range instant...

116

How Plug-in Hybrids Save Money  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of gasoline's widespread availability and quick refueling. Plug-in hybrids also save energy through regenerative braking, which recovers much of the energy typically lost when...

117

Stop/Start: Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

visible. Car is stopped at an intersection. Battery: The battery is used to store energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the...

118

TransForum, Vol 4, No. 3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

out, for exam- ple, that higher hybridization (more battery power) leads to increased regenerative braking energy but decreased fuel cell system cycle efficiency. The...

119

_MainReport  

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45 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 29 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 39 Total number of trips 10,847 Total...

120

untitled  

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test miles 4 PHEV Advantages * Reduced petroleum consumption and emissions * Recover energy during regenerative braking * Use existing gas station infrastructure * Minimal...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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121

Fuel Cell Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

gas and oxygen into electricity to power the electric motor; High-Output Battery - Stores energy generated from regenerative braking and provides supplemental power to the electric...

122

Phase Field Model of Li-Plating in Lithium Ion Battery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Li plating limits the maximum safe charging rate of Li-ion batteries, and thus the amount of energy that can be captured by regenerative braking.

123

Hybrid: Starting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the gasoline engine to the electric motor to the battery. Battery: The battery stores energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the...

124

Environmental Energy Technologies Division News  

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battery recharges), high power (to provide acceptable vehicle acceleration and to receive energy generated during vehicle deceleration, a.k.a. regenerative braking), long lifetime,...

125

untitled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electricity source, mostly from power plants via the electric grid * Also captures energy during regenerative braking: electric motor(s) acts as a generator to slow the BEV...

126

FEG2005_BODY_Updates.pmd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

plugged into an external source of electricity to be recharged; conventional gasoline and regenerative braking provide all the energy the vehicle needs. Potential buyers should...

127

Microsoft PowerPoint - Clean Cities Web Presentation - Francfort...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

off-board electricity source, mostly from power plants via the electric grid * Captures energy during regenerative braking: electric motor(s) acts as a generator * No...

128

Microsoft Word - Compare Driving Styles_ ETEC Hymotion Prius...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving intensity is the energy at the wheels used for propulsion. Recaptured energy through regenerative braking is not considered when calculating driving intensity....

129

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 66 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 30 Total number of trips 725 Total distance...

130

TransForum v5n2 - Argonne's "Composite-Structure" Electrodes...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

primarily for leveling the load on the internal combustion engine (ICE) and for capturing energy associated with regenerative braking. If fuel prices continue to rise, automakers...

131

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

81 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 104 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 49 Total number of trips 2,810 Total...

132

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

148 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 87 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 46 Total number of trips 6,223 Total...

133

King County Metro Transit. Advanced Technology Vehicles in Service...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of General Motors A: The energy storage system supplies electricity to the E V 50 Drive's electric motors. It stores electricity during normal operation and regenerative braking....

134

Application and Practice of Regenerative Combustion Technology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regenerative Combustion burning alternative to traditional flow control system is ... that regenerative combustion have many advantage in energy conservation ...

135

A new structure for bidirectional power flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, methods of energy recovery for electric motors in braking mode are presented. Also for motors with low and medium regenerative power, a low cost and simple structure is proposed. In this method, for converting the high voltage of DC bus ... Keywords: bidirectional power flow, energy saving, regenerative brake

Seyed Borhan Azimi; Hassan Ghafoori Fard

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Regenerative air heater  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas-cooled steel skirt is used to support a refractory cored brick matrix and dome structure in a high temperature regenerative air heater useful in magnetohydrodynamic power generation. The steel skirt thermally expands to accommodate the thermal expansion of the dome structure despite substantial temperature differential thereby reducing relative movement between the dome bricks. Gas cooling of the steel skirt allows the structure to operate above its normal temperature during clean-out cycles and also allows for the control of the thermal expansion of the steel skirt.

Hasselquist, Paul B. (Maple Grove, MN); Baldner, Richard (Minnetonka, MN)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

REGENERATIVE TRANSISTOR AMPLIFIER  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrical circults for use in computers and the like are described. particularly a regenerative bistable transistor amplifler which is iurned on by a clock signal when an information signal permits and is turned off by the clock signal. The amplifier porforms the above function with reduced power requirements for the clock signal and circuit operation. The power requirements are reduced in one way by employing transformer coupling which increases the collector circuit efficiency by eliminating the loss of power in the collector load resistor.

Kabell, L.J.

1958-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

138

Regenerative air heater  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas-cooled steel skirt is used to support a refractory cored brick matrix and dome structure in a high temperature regenerative air heater useful in magnetohydrodynamic power generation. The steel skirt thermally expands to accommodate the thermal expansion of the dome structure despite substantial temperature differential thereby reducing relative movement between the dome bricks. Gas cooling of the steel skirt allows the structure to operate above its normal temperature during clean-out cycles and also allows for the control of the thermal expansion of the steel skirt.

Hasselquist, P.B.; Baldner, R.

1980-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

139

Regenerative Fuel Cells for Energy Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

11 1 Regenerative Fuel Cells for Energy Storage April 2011 Corky Mittelsteadt April 2011 2 Outline 1. Regenerative Fuel Cells at Giner 2. Regenerative Systems for Energy Storage 1....

140

Ring regenerative laser amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention consists of an efficient, high gain, compact regenerative amplifier that amplifies a seed pulse of laser energy to produce an amplified pulse of greater energy. The amplifier is useful for amplifying seed pulses having a broad bandwidth or in situations where tunability is necessary. The amplifier has high gain while maintaining high pulse contrast. A seed pulse can be amplified to the saturation fluence while maintaining a high contrast (>10[sup 3]). The regenerative amplifier has an optical cavity in a ring configuration, a gain material positioned in the cavity, a polarization-rotating element positioned in the cavity to rotate the polarization of the pulse upon each pass around the cavity, means for inserting the seed pulse into the cavity, and means for removing the polarization-rotated, amplified pulse from the cavity. In some embodiments, the seed pulse is switched in passively, by a selective polarization, and is switched out after a predetermined number of passes around the ring cavity. This completely passive arrangement avoids possibility of switchout failure, and minimizes the ASE problem. In other embodiments, a selectively actuable switch, such as electro-optic element, may be provided within the ring cavity, to switch-in the seed pulse and switch-out the amplified pulse. The electro-optic element may be actuated with a square wave that has a peak voltage equal to the half-wave voltage of the electro-optic crystal.

Perry, M.D.; Patterson, F.G.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Ring regenerative laser amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention consists of an efficient, high gain, compact regenerative amplifier that amplifies a seed pulse of laser energy to produce an amplified pulse of greater energy. The amplifier is useful for amplifying seed pulses having a broad bandwidth or in situations where tunability is necessary. The amplifier has high gain while maintaining high pulse contrast. A seed pulse can be amplified to the saturation fluence while maintaining a high contrast (>10{sup 3}). The regenerative amplifier has an optical cavity in a ring configuration, a gain material positioned in the cavity, a polarization-rotating element positioned in the cavity to rotate the polarization of the pulse upon each pass around the cavity, means for inserting the seed pulse into the cavity, and means for removing the polarization-rotated, amplified pulse from the cavity. In some embodiments, the seed pulse is switched in passively, by a selective polarization, and is switched out after a predetermined number of passes around the ring cavity. This completely passive arrangement avoids possibility of switchout failure, and minimizes the ASE problem. In other embodiments, a selectively actuable switch, such as electro-optic element, may be provided within the ring cavity, to switch-in the seed pulse and switch-out the amplified pulse. The electro-optic element may be actuated with a square wave that has a peak voltage equal to the half-wave voltage of the electro-optic crystal.

Perry, M.D.; Patterson, F.G.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

142

Battery-Size Regenerative Fuel Cells  

ORNL 2010-G01073/jcn UT-B ID 201002378 Battery-Size Regenerative Fuel Cells Technology Summary A battery-size regenerative fuel cell with energy ...

143

Laser system using regenerative amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High energy laser system using a regenerative amplifier, which relaxes all constraints on laser components other than the intrinsic damage level of matter, so as to enable use of available laser system components. This can be accomplished by use of segmented components, spatial filters, at least one amplifier using solid state or gaseous media, and separated reflector members providing a long round trip time through the regenerative cavity, thereby allowing slower switching and adequate time to clear the spatial filters, etc. The laser system simplifies component requirements and reduces component cost while providing high energy output.

Emmett, John L. (Pleasanton, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Laser system using regenerative amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High energy laser system is disclosed using a regenerative amplifier, which relaxes all constraints on laser components other than the intrinsic damage level of matter, so as to enable use of available laser system components. This can be accomplished by use of segmented components, spatial filters, at least one amplifier using solid state or gaseous media, and separated reflector members providing a long round trip time through the regenerative cavity, thereby allowing slower switching and adequate time to clear the spatial filters, etc. The laser system simplifies component requirements and reduces component cost while providing high energy output. 10 figs.

Emmett, J.L.

1980-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

145

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E27C177982 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.5 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 105 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 981 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

146

VIN# JHMZE2H59AS011748 Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

H59AS011748 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 1.3 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 10 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 907 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

147

VIN# KMHEC4A43BA004932 Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3BA004932 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.4 L Electric Motor: 30 kW Battery: Lithium Polymer Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 1074 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

148

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E87C172351 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.5 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 105 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 981 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

149

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Z07S838122 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.4 L 4 cylinder Electric Motor: 14.5 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 1,244 lbs Features: Regenerative braking wABS 4...

150

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2AR194699 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.5 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 60 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 850 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

151

VIN# JHMZE2H78AS010141 Vehicle Specifications  

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H78AS010141 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 1.3 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 10 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 907 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

152

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4AR144757 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.5 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 60 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 850 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

153

VIN# JTDKN3DU5A0006063 Vehicle Specifications  

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DU5A0006063 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 1.8 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 60 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 885 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

154

Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Z37S813344 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.4 L 4 cylinder Electric Motor: 14.5 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 1,244 lbs Features: Regenerative braking wABS 4...

155

VIN# JTDKN3DU2A5010462 Vehicle Specifications  

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DU2A5010462 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 1.8 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 60 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 885 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

156

VIN# KMHEC4A47BA003539 Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7BA003539 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.4 L Electric Motor: 30 kW Battery: Lithium Polymer Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 1074 lbs Features: Regenerative braking Traction...

157

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 71 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 43 Total number of trips 13,167 Total distance...

158

No Slide Title  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12kWpeak ISG 12kWpeak ISG NEW ORBITAL MODULES from EXIDE 8 x 6 V VW Golf - Stopstart, regenerative braking, launch-assist Battery 24 Ah, 8 x 6 V, spiral Medium Hybrids Project...

159

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

15 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 13 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 27 Total number of trips 2,405 Total distance...

160

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 43 Total number of trips 12,106 Total distance traveled (mi) 110,949 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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161

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 70 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 28 Total number of trips 1,225 Total distance...

162

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 65 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 28 Total number of trips 2,348 Total distance...

163

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

33 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 26 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 27 Total number of trips 6,332 Total distance...

164

KEMA Proposal_Report w Appendices Template 2008 Gas Flame 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

typical T&D losses due to the need to use steel for catenary conductor) and can capture regenerative braking as well. Using storage avoids having to perform expensive or...

165

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 72 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 44 Total number of trips 13,043 Total distance...

166

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 44 Total number of trips 36,749 Total distance traveled (mi) 343,675 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD)...

167

42V_TestManual_April_2003.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

start (only) and energy for engine-off accessory loads, with no requirement to accept regenerative energy from braking. The M-HEV concept assumes that power is also supplied...

168

2008 Advanced Vehicle Technology Analysis and Evaluation Activities...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 Figure 11. Distribution of Charging Peak Power per Trip However, what matters for the regenerative braking events is the percentage of energy that can be recuperated. Figure 12...

169

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 4 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 43 Total number of trips 5,888 Total distance...

170

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 65 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 45 Total number of trips 10,555 Total distance...

171

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 54 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 50 Total number of trips 4,546 Total distance...

172

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 71 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 42 Total number of trips 24,834 Total distance...

173

Simulator Makes Green Racing Real  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

graphics to display the race car's speed, indicators of when the hybrid system is using regenerative braking and boost, a "Hybrid Energy" gauge to show the amount of energy...

174

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2002 - Transportation...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

no on-board fuel reformers), or if the vehicle has ZEV-like equipment on-board such as regenerative braking, advanced batteries, or an advanced electric drivetrain. An emission...

175

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 54 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 47 Total number of trips 6,560 Total distance...

176

New Yellow School Buses Harness the Sun in Wisconsin | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to the charge gained from the solar array, the buses also recharge their batteries using regenerative braking, just like traditional hybrid vehicles. The school bus-with the need...

177

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mi) 79 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 63 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 31 Total number of trips 2,245 Total...

178

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 0 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 27 Total number of trips 1,579 Total distance...

179

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 59 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 47 Total number of trips 21,661 Total distance...

180

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

33 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 74 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 33 Total number of trips 5,273 Total distance...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 64 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 30 Total number of trips 4,292 Total distance...

182

Energy Storage for Transportation Applications I - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 17, 2011 ... Li plating limits the maximum safe charging rate of Li-ion batteries, and thus the amount of energy that can be captured by regenerative braking.

183

NREL: News Feature - NREL Helps Corporate Fleets Go Green  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by Eaton Corp. These trucks can weigh in at as much as 55,000 lbs. The system includes regenerative braking and lithium-ion batteries that provide energy storage. Energy that is...

184

Microsoft PowerPoint - Francfort AVTA-INL EDVs - The Networked...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mile average trip distance * 5.3 mph average speed g * 32.2 average stops per mile * 15% regenerative braking energy recovery - All trips 1 43 AC DC Whmi ratio 668 AC Whmi...

185

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 70 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 43 Total number of trips 95,019 Total distance...

186

_MainReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 69 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Whmi) 44 Total number of trips 88,891 Total distance...

187

Equilibrium and Braking of Fully Avalanched Runaway Electron Currents: a New Disruption Mitigation Strategy for ITER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 55, 334 (2010)52nd American Physical Society Annual Meeting of Division of Plasma Physics Chicago Illinois, US, 2010999618465

Parks, P.B.

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

188

Pneumatic brake control for precision stopping of heavy-duty vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stopping” of a 40 foot CNG bus for the Bus Precision Dockingfor two different 40 foot CNG buses (c1 and c2). Althoughpressure of two different CNG buses (c1 and c2) speeds since

Bu, Fanping; Tan, Han-Shue

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Brake rotor design and comparison using finite element analysis : an investigation in topology optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Rotor Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Appendix D Unsatisfactory RotorAppendix G Supplemental Rotor Symmetrical Instance

Domond, Kenneth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Experimental Verifi cation of Discretely Variable Compression Braking Control for Heavy Duty Vehicles: Final Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conference, 2002. [14] T.R. Fortescue, L.S. Kershenbaum, andscheme is proposed by Fortescue et al. [14] in which a time-

Vahidi, Ardalan; Stefanopoulou, Anna G.; Wang, Xiaoyong; Tsao, Tsu Chin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Experimental Verification of Discretely Variable Compression Braking Control for Heavy Duty Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Control, [11] T.R. Fortescue, L.S. Kershenbaum, and B.E.scheme is proposed by Fortescue et al. [11] in which a time-

Vahidi, Ardalan; Stefanopoulou, Anna G.; Farias, Phil; Tsao, Tsu Chin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Design, Modeling And Control Of Steering And Braking For An Urban Electric Vehicle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

service access to small electric cars. The research involvedservice access to small electric cars. The research involvedservice access to small electric cars. This concept has been

Maciua, Dragos

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Adaptive brake lights : an investigation into their relative benefits in regards to road safety.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The implementation of In-Vehicle Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) is becoming a common occurrence in modern vehicles. Automobile manufacturers are releasing vehicles with many forms of… (more)

Roughan, Craig

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Experimental analysis of disc thickness variation development in motor vehicle brakes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Over the past decade vehicle judder caused by Disc Thickness Variation (DTV) has become of major concern to automobile manufacturers worldwide. Judder is usually perceived… (more)

Rodriguez, C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Regenerative Burners Assessment in Holding Reverberatory Furnace  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The assessment showed that the regenerative burner furnaces are not profitable in saving energy in addition to the negative impact on the furnace life.

196

Pomona, California -- Center for Regenerative Studies [Roots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regenerative" technologies — those that turn both self-renewing resources (such as sunlight, wind and rain) and wastes into usable food, water and energy.

Bressi, Todd W

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Novel Bioceramic Scaffolds for Regenerative Medicine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Novel Bioceramic Scaffolds for Regenerative Medicine ... Composite Powder from Zro2-B2O3/B System by High-Energy Ball-Milling and ...

198

Advanced regenerative absorption refrigeration cycles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Multi-effect regenerative absorption cycles which provide a high coefficient of performance (COP) at relatively high input temperatures. An absorber-coupled double-effect regenerative cycle (ADR cycle) (10) is provided having a single-effect absorption cycle (SEA cycle) (11) as a topping subcycle and a single-effect regenerative absorption cycle (1R cycle) (12) as a bottoming subcycle. The SEA cycle (11) includes a boiler (13), a condenser (21), an expansion device (28), an evaporator (31), and an absorber (40), all operatively connected together. The 1R cycle (12) includes a multistage boiler (48), a multi-stage resorber (51), a multisection regenerator (49) and also uses the condenser (21), expansion device (28) and evaporator (31) of the SEA topping subcycle (11), all operatively connected together. External heat is applied to the SEA boiler (13) for operation up to about 500 degrees F., with most of the high pressure vapor going to the condenser (21) and evaporator (31) being generated by the regenerator (49). The substantially adiabatic and isothermal functioning of the SER subcycle (12) provides a high COP. For higher input temperatures of up to 700 degrees F., another SEA cycle (111) is used as a topping subcycle, with the absorber (140) of the topping subcycle being heat coupled to the boiler (13) of an ADR cycle (10). The 1R cycle (12) itself is an improvement in that all resorber stages (50b-f) have a portion of their output pumped to boiling conduits (71a-f) through the regenerator (49), which conduits are connected to and at the same pressure as the highest pressure stage (48a) of the 1R multistage boiler (48).

Dao, Kim (14 Nace Ave., Piedmont, CA 94611)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Wavelength tunable alexandrite regenerative amplifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a wavelength tunable alexandrite regenerative amplifier which is used to amplify nanosecond slices from a single-frequency cw dye laser or 50-ps pulses emitted by a diode laser to energies in the 10-mJ range. The amplified 5-ns slices generated by the cw-pumped line narrowed dye laser are Fourier transform limited. The 50-ps pulses emitted by a gain-switched diode laser are amplified by more than 10 orders of magnitude in a single stage.

Harter, D.J.; Bado, P.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Microsoft Word - ffort-07.html  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8SK100655 Seating Capacity: 2 Adults Features: AMFM Stereo, Battery Thermal Management, Power Steering, Power Brakes, Front Disc Brakes & Anti-Lock Brakes DIMENSIONS Wheelbase:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Investigation of a regenerative damping concept  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a justification for the study of regenerative damping, a general statement of the regenerative damping problem, and a detailed analysis of a specific proposed solution to the regenerative damping problem. Improvement in the efficiency of many physical systems is realized by the incorporation of regenerative devices, and all devices which dissipate power are candidates for investigation as regenerative systems. The viscous damper is a dissipative device which may be suitable for energy regeneration and is therefore investigated as such. Regenerative damping involves storing the power normally dissipated by a passive viscous damper. This task is accomplished by constructing a system which connects an energy storing device to the device being damped. The connecting system must efficiently transfer power from the device being damped to the storage device while simultaneously meeting the operating impedance of the storage device and producing a desired damping impedance. Many physical systems can accomplish this task, and the variable linear transmission is proposed for further investigation. Mathematical, graphical, and computer models are constructed to study the variable linear transmission. These models directly indicate the control strategies necessary to operate the device as a regenerative damper. Studies of kinematic performance and efficiency of the proposed damper indicate that a strong connection exists between the goodness of the performance of the proposed device as a damper and its efficiency. Both of these issues are directly related to the strategy used in the active control of the device.Results indicate that in its ideal state, the proposed damper exactly solves the problem of regenerative damping. For the non-ideal operation of the device, which includes the effects of system actuation dynamics, the performance looks promising but will require more investigation into optimal control strategies. Overall, the prospects for realizing regenerative damping are shown to be positive, and further investigation of this subject is encouraged.

Fodor, Michael Glenn

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Regen Powertech Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Regen Powertech Pvt. Ltd. Place Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India Zip 600 006 Sector Wind energy Product Chennai-based wind turbine manufacturer that...

203

Regenerative fuel cell engineering - FY99  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors report the work conducted by the ESA-EPE Fuel Cell Engineering Team at Los Alamos National Laboratory during FY99 on regenerative fuel cell system engineering. The work was focused on the evaluation of regenerative fuel cell system components obtained through the RAFCO program. These components included a 5 kW PEM electrolyzer, a two-cell regenerative fuel cell stack, and samples of the electrolyzer membrane, anode, and cathode. The samples of the electrolyzer membrane, anode, and cathode were analyzed to determine their structure and operating characteristics. Tests were conducted on the two-cell regenerative fuel cell stack to characterize its operation as an electrolyzer and as a fuel cell. The 5 kW PEM electrolyzer was tested in the Regenerative Fuel Cell System Test Facility. These tests served to characterize the operation of the electrolyzer and, also, to verify the operation of the newly completed test facility. Future directions for this work in regenerative fuel cell systems are discussed.

Michael A. Inbody; Rodney L. Borup; James C. Hedstrom; Jose Tafoya; Byron Morton; Lois Zook; Nicholas E. Vanderborgh

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

High power regenerative laser amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A regenerative amplifier design capable of operating at high energy per pulse, for instance, from 20-100 Joules, at moderate repetition rates, for instance from 5-20 Hertz is provided. The laser amplifier comprises a gain medium and source of pump energy coupled with the gain medium; a Pockels cell, which rotates an incident beam in response to application of a control signal; an optical relay system defining a first relay plane near the gain medium and a second relay plane near the rotator; and a plurality of reflectors configured to define an optical path through the gain medium, optical relay and Pockels cell, such that each transit of the optical path includes at least one pass through the gain medium and only one pass through the Pockels cell. An input coupler, and an output coupler are provided, implemented by a single polarizer. A control circuit coupled to the Pockels cell generates the control signal in timed relationship with the input pulse so that the input pulse is captured by the input coupler and proceeds through at least one transit of the optical path, and then the control signal is applied to cause rotation of the pulse to a polarization reflected by the polarizer, after which the captured pulse passes through the gain medium at least once more and is reflected out of the optical path by the polarizer before passing through the rotator again to provide an amplified pulse.

Miller, John L. (Livermore, CA); Hackel, Lloyd A. (Livermore, CA); Dane, Clifford B. (Dublin, CA); Zapata, Luis E. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

High power regenerative laser amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A regenerative amplifier design capable of operating at high energy per pulse, for instance, from 20-100 Joules, at moderate repetition rates, for instance from 5-20 Hertz is provided. The laser amplifier comprises a gain medium and source of pump energy coupled with the gain medium; a Pockels cell, which rotates an incident beam in response to application of a control signal; an optical relay system defining a first relay plane near the gain medium and a second relay plane near the rotator; and a plurality of reflectors configured to define an optical path through the gain medium, optical relay and Pockels cell, such that each transit of the optical path includes at least one pass through the gain medium and only one pass through the Pockels cell. An input coupler, and an output coupler are provided, implemented by a single polarizer. A control circuit coupled to the Pockels cell generates the control signal in timed relationship with the input pulse so that the input pulse is captured by the input coupler and proceeds through at least one transit of the optical path, and then the control signal is applied to cause rotation of the pulse to a polarization reflected by the polarizer, after which the captured pulse passes through the gain medium at least once more and is reflected out of the optical path by the polarizer before passing through the rotator again to provide an amplified pulse. 7 figures.

Miller, J.L.; Hackel, L.A.; Dane, C.B.; Zapata, L.E.

1994-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

206

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2010 Honda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Honda Honda Civic Hybrid VIN: JHMFA3F24AS005577 Seatbelt Positions: 5 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Front Disc Brakes Rear Disc Brakes Front Wheel Drive Regenerative Braking Anti-Lock Brakes Traction Control Air Bags AM/FM Stereo with CD State of Charge Meter 1 Weights Design Curb Weight: 2877 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 2982 lb Distribution F/R (%): 57/43 GVWR: 3792 lb GAWR F/R: 1973/1841 lb Payload 2 : 810 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb Dimensions Wheelbase: 106.3 in Track F/R: 59.1/60.2 in Length: 177.3 in Width: 69.0 in Height: 56.3 in Ground Clearance: 6.0 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in Tires Manufacturer: Bridgestone

207

MEP Advisory Board Webcast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. BRAKES – DOORS – HVAC February 2012 Page 2. ... Freight / Commercial Vehicles (Trucks, Busses) •Brakes / Doors / HVAC Page 3. ...

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

208

WIDE BAND REGENERATIVE FREQUENCY DIVIDER AND MULTIPLIER  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A regenerative frequency divider and multiplier having wide band input characteristics is presented. The circuit produces output oscillations having frequencies related by a fixed ratio to input oscillations over a wide band of frequencies. In accomplishing this end, the divider-multiplier includes a wide band input circuit coupled by mixer means to a wide band output circuit having a pass band related by a fixed ratio to that of the input circuit. A regenerative feedback circuit derives a fixed frequency ratio feedback signal from the output circuit and applies same to the mixer means in proper phase relation to sustain fixed frequency ratio oscillations in the output circuit.

Laine, E.F.

1959-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

209

Dynamic reconfiguration in sensor networks with regenerative energy sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In highly power constrained sensor networks, harvesting energy from the environment makes prolonged or even perpetual execution feasible. In such energy harvesting systems, energy sources are characterized as being regenerative. Regenerative energy sources ...

Ani Nahapetian; Paolo Lombardo; Andrea Acquaviva; Luca Benini; Majid Sarrafzadeh

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Novel Regenerative Fuel Cells based on...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

l R ti F l C ll b d A i E h M b f Novel Regenerative Fuel Cells based on Anion Exchange Membranes for Novel Regenerative Fuel Cells based on Anion Exchange Membranes for g g...

211

Solar powered unitized regenerative fuel cell system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solar hydrogen system is a unique power system that can meet the power requirement for the energy future demand, in such a system the hydrogen used to be the energy carrier which can produced through electrolysis by using the power from the PV during ... Keywords: electrolyzer, fuel cell, hydrogen, photovoltaic, regenerative, solar hydrogen system

Salwan S. Dihrab; , Kamaruzzaman Sopian; Nowshad Amin; M. M. Alghoul; Azami Zaharim

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Maass Regenerative Energien GmbH founders | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maass Regenerative Energien GmbH founders Maass Regenerative Energien GmbH founders Jump to: navigation, search Name Maass Regenerative Energien GmbH founders Place Wesel, Germany Sector Solar Product Founders of the Wesel-based solar project company. References Maass Regenerative Energien GmbH founders[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Maass Regenerative Energien GmbH founders is a company located in Wesel, Germany . References ↑ "[ Maass Regenerative Energien GmbH founders]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Maass_Regenerative_Energien_GmbH_founders&oldid=348555" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here

213

Low-temperature thermally regenerative electrochemical system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermally regenerative electrochemical system is described including an electrochemical cell with two water-based electrolytes separated by an ion exchange membrane, at least one of the electrolytes containing a complexing agent and a salt of a multivalent metal whose respective order of potentials for a pair of its redox couples is reversible by a change in the amount of the ocmplexing agent in the electrolyte, the complexing agent being removable by distillation to cause the reversal.

Loutfy, R.O.; Brown, A.P.; Yao, N.P.

1982-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

214

A solar regenerative thermoelectrochemical converter (RTEC)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is an executive summary of a final subcontract report that describes the successful completion of a closed-loop demonstration of a regenerative thermoelectromechanical device using solar heat input for the production of electricity. The full report, which contains a detailed description of the two-year effort, is currently subject to a government secrecy order which precludes public release of the information. Copies of the full report will be made available for general release whenever the secrecy order is lifted.

Townsend, C.W.; McHardy, J. (Hughes Aircraft Co., El Segundo, CA (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Shannon capacity of nonlinear regenerative channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute Shannon capacity of nonlinear channels with regenerative elements. Conditions are found under which capacity of such nonlinear channels is higher than the Shannon capacity of the classical linear additive white Gaussian noise channel. We develop a general scheme for designing the proposed channels and apply it to the particular nonlinear sine-mapping. The upper bound for regeneration efficiency is found and the asymptotic behavior of the capacity in the saturation regime is derived.

Sorokina, M A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Initial results using Eddy Current Brakes as Fast Turn-on, Programmable Physical Dampers for Haptic Rendering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the eddy currents can be neglected, the resistive force is proportional to the speed of the e-mail: champ@cim.mcgill.ca e-mail: andrewg@cim.mcgill.ca e-mail: hayward@cim.mcgill.ca conductor [8]. The physics behind eddy

Hayward, Vincent

217

Numerical simulation of microwave absorption of regenerative heat ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The regenerative heat exchanger has a good absorption when the mullite refractory .... Point Alloys and Refractory Compounds with Its Own Chemical Energy.

218

Computational Fluid Dynamic Simulations of a Regenerative Process...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fluid Dynamic Simulations of a Regenerative Process for Carbon Dioxide Capture in Advanced Gasification Based Power Systems Background The Department of Energy (DOE) National...

219

Multiple excitation regenerative amplifier inertial confinement system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to apparatus and methods for producing high intensity laser radiation generation which is achieved through an optical amplifier-storage ring design. One or two synchronized, counterpropagating laser pulses are injected into a regenerative amplifier cavity and amplified by gain media which are pumped repetitively by electrical or optical means. The gain media excitation pulses are tailored to efficiently amplify the laser pulses during each transit. After the laser pulses have been amplified to the desired intensity level, they are either switched out of the cavity by some switch means, as for example an electro-optical device, for any well known laser end uses, or a target means may be injected into the regenerative amplifier cavity in such a way as to intercept simultaneously the counterpropagating laser pulses. One such well known end uses to which this invention is intended is for production of high density and temperature plasmas suitable for generating neutrons, ions and x-rays and for studying matter heated by high intensity laser radiation. 11 figs.

George, V.E.; Haas, R.A.; Krupke, W.F.; Schlitt, L.G.

1980-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

220

Multiple excitation regenerative amplifier inertial confinement system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to apparatus and methods for producing high intensity laser radiation generation which is achieved through an optical amplifier-storage ring design. One or two synchronized, counterpropagating laser pulses are injected into a regenerative amplifier cavity and amplified by gain media which are pumped repetitively by electrical or optical means. The gain media excitation pulses are tailored to efficiently amplify the laser pulses during each transit. After the laser pulses have been amplified to the desired intensity level, they are either switched out of the cavity by some switch means, as for example an electro-optical device, for any well known laser end uses, or a target means may be injected into the regenerative amplifier cavity in such a way as to intercept simultaneously the counterpropagating laser pulses. One such well known end uses to which this invention is intended is for production of high density and temperature plasmas suitable for generating neutrons, ions and x-rays and for studying matter heated by high intensity laser radiation.

George, Victor E. (Livermore, CA); Haas, Roger A. (Pleasanton, CA); Krupke, William F. (Pleasanton, CA); Schlitt, Leland G. (Livermore, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Microsoft Word - chvs10.html  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Chevrolet S-10 Electric 7 Chevrolet S-10 Electric VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS PURPOSE-BUILT VEHICLE Base Vehicle: 1997 Chevrolet S-10 VIN: 1GCDE14H4V80003EX Seatbelt Positions: Three Standard Features: Heat Pump Climate Control System Auxillary Diesel Fuel Fired Heater (Only operates Below 40 F) Cruise Control Tilt Steering Wheel Front Wheel Drive Power Steering Power Brakes Anti-Lock Brakes Front Disk Brakes Regenerative Braking Drivers Side Air Bags AM/FM Stereo Radio Half-Bed Tonneau Cover BATTERY Manufacturer: Delphi Energy Type: Valve Regulated Lead Acid Number of Modules: 26 Weight of Module: 19 kg Weight of Pack(s): 575 kg Pack Locations: Underbody Nominal Module Voltage: 12 V Nominal System Voltage: 312 V Nominal Capacity (C/2): 48 Ah WEIGHTS Design Curb Weight: 4300 lbs

222

Application of Regenerative Combustion Technology on Reheating Furnace in PISCO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The key features of the regenerative combustion technology were introduced and its application in the reheating furnace of Rail & Beam plant of PISCO£¨Panzhihua Iron & Steel Co.£©was discussed£®Comparedwith the traditional combustion technology£¬the ... Keywords: Regenerative Style, Combustion Technology, Reheating Furnace, Energy Conservation

Chen Yong; Pan Hong; Xue Nianfu

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

New Regenerative Cycle for Vapor Compression Refrigeration  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SCIENTIFIC REPORT SCIENTIFIC REPORT Title Page Project Title: New Regenerative Cycle for Vapor Compression Refrigeration DOE Award Number: DE-FG36-04GO14327 Document Title: Final Scientific Report Period Covered by Report: September 30, 2004 to September 30, 2005 Name and Address of Recipient Organization: Magnetic Development, Inc., 68 Winterhill Road, Madison, CT 06443, phone: 203-214-7247, fax: 203-421-7948, e-mail: mjb1000@aol.com Contact Information: Mark J. Bergander, Ph.D., P.E., Principal Investigator, phone: 203-214-7247, fax: 203-421-7948, e-mail: mjb1000@aol.com Project Objective (as stated in the proposal): The main objective of this project is to confirm on a well-instrumented prototype the theoretically derived claims of higher efficiency and coefficient

224

A New Absorption Cycle: The Single-Effect Regenerative Absoprtion Refrigeration Cycle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REGENERATIVE ABSORPTION REFRIGERATION CYCLE ABSTRACT A new absorption cycle , using heat as the energy

Dao, K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

New Regenerative Cycle for Vapor Compression Refrigeration  

SciTech Connect

The main objective of this project is to confirm on a well-instrumented prototype the theoretically derived claims of higher efficiency and coefficient of performance for geothermal heat pumps based on a new regenerative thermodynamic cycle as comparing to existing technology. In order to demonstrate the improved performance of the prototype, it will be compared to published parameters of commercially available geothermal heat pumps manufactured by US and foreign companies. Other objectives are to optimize the design parameters and to determine the economic viability of the new technology. Background (as stated in the proposal): The proposed technology closely relates to EERE mission by improving energy efficiency, bringing clean, reliable and affordable heating and cooling to the residential and commercial buildings and reducing greenhouse gases emission. It can provide the same amount of heating and cooling with considerably less use of electrical energy and consequently has a potential of reducing our nations dependence on foreign oil. The theoretical basis for the proposed thermodynamic cycle was previously developed and was originally called a dynamic equilibrium method. This theory considers the dynamic equations of state of the working fluid and proposes the methods for modification of T-S trajectories of adiabatic transformation by changing dynamic properties of gas, such as flow rate, speed and acceleration. The substance of this proposal is a thermodynamic cycle characterized by the regenerative use of the potential energy of two-phase flow expansion, which in traditional systems is lost in expansion valves. The essential new features of the process are: (1) The application of two-step throttling of the working fluid and two-step compression of its vapor phase. (2) Use of a compressor as the initial step compression and a jet device as a second step, where throttling and compression are combined. (3) Controlled ratio of a working fluid at the first and second step of compression. In the proposed system, the compressor compresses the vapor only to 50-60% of the final pressure, while the additional compression is provided by a jet device using internal potential energy of the working fluid flow. Therefore, the amount of mechanical energy required by a compressor is significantly reduced, resulting in the increase of efficiency (either COP or EER). The novelty of the cycle is in the equipment and in the way the multi-staging is accomplished. The anticipated result will be a new refrigeration system that requires less energy to accomplish a cooling task. The application of this technology will be for more efficient designs of: (1) Industrial chillers, (2) Refrigeration plants, (3) Heat pumps, (4) Gas Liquefaction plants, (5) Cryogenic systems.

Mark J. Bergander

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

226

Biocompatibility and toxicity of magnetic nanoparticles in regenerative medicine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regenerative medicine is a pioneering field aimed at restoring and regenerating the function of damaged cells, organs and tissues in order to establish normal function. It demands the cross communication of disciplines to develop effective therapeutic ...

H. Markides; M. Rotherham; A. J. El Haj

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Dynamic reconfiguration in sensor networks with regenerative energy sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In highly power constrained sensor networks, harvesting energy from the environment makes prolonged or even perpetual execution feasible. In such energy harvesting systems, energy sources are characterized as being regenerative. Regenerative energy sources fundamentally change the problem of power scheduling for embedded devices. Instead of the problem being one of maximizing the lifetime of the system given a total amount of energy, as in traditional battery powered devices, the problem becomes one of preventing energy depletion at any given time. Coupling relatively computationally intensive applications, such as video processing applications, with the constrained FPGAs that are feasible on power constrained embedded systems, makes dynamic reconfiguration essential. It provides the speed comparable to a hardware implementation, but it also allows the dynamic reconfiguration to meet the multiple application needs of the system. Different applications can be loaded on the FPGA, as the system’s needs change over time. The problem becomes how to schedule the dynamic reconfiguration to appropriately make use of the regenerative energy source, to ensure the proper availability of energy for the system over time. In this paper, we present a methodology for carrying out dynamic reconfiguration for regenerative energy sources, based on statistical analysis of tasks and supply energy. The approach is evaluated through extensive simulations. Additionally, we have evaluated our implementation on our regenerative energy, dynamically reconfigurable prototype, known as the MicrelEye. Our approach is shown to miss 57.7 % less deadlines on average than the current approach for reconfiguration with regenerative energy sources. 1.

Ani Nahapetian; Paolo Lombardo; Andrea Acquaviva; Luca Benini; Majid Sarrafzadeh

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

High power, high beam quality regenerative amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A regenerative laser amplifier system generates high peak power and high energy per pulse output beams enabling generation of X-rays used in X-ray lithography for manufacturing integrated circuits. The laser amplifier includes a ring shaped optical path with a limited number of components including a polarizer, a passive 90 degree phase rotator, a plurality of mirrors, a relay telescope, and a gain medium, the components being placed close to the image plane of the relay telescope to reduce diffraction or phase perturbations in order to limit high peak intensity spiking. In the ring, the beam makes two passes through the gain medium for each transit of the optical path to increase the amplifier gain to loss ratio. A beam input into the ring makes two passes around the ring, is diverted into an SBS phase conjugator and proceeds out of the SBS phase conjugator back through the ring in an equal but opposite direction for two passes, further reducing phase perturbations. A master oscillator inputs the beam through an isolation cell (Faraday or Pockels) which transmits the beam into the ring without polarization rotation. The isolation cell rotates polarization only in beams proceeding out of the ring to direct the beams out of the amplifier. The diffraction limited quality of the input beam is preserved in the amplifier so that a high power output beam having nearly the same diffraction limited quality is produced.

Hackel, Lloyd A. (Livermore, CA); Dane, Clifford B. (Livermore, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

High power, high beam quality regenerative amplifier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A regenerative laser amplifier system generates high peak power and high energy per pulse output beams enabling generation of X-rays used in X-ray lithography for manufacturing integrated circuits. The laser amplifier includes a ring shaped optical path with a limited number of components including a polarizer, a passive 90 degree phase rotator, a plurality of mirrors, a relay telescope, and a gain medium, the components being placed close to the image plane of the relay telescope to reduce diffraction or phase perturbations in order to limit high peak intensity spiking. In the ring, the beam makes two passes through the gain medium for each transit of the optical path to increase the amplifier gain to loss ratio. A beam input into the ring makes two passes around the ring, is diverted into an SBS phase conjugator and proceeds out of the SBS phase conjugator back through the ring in an equal but opposite direction for two passes, further reducing phase perturbations. A master oscillator inputs the beam through an isolation cell (Faraday or Pockels) which transmits the beam into the ring without polarization rotation. The isolation cell rotates polarization only in beams proceeding out of the ring to direct the beams out of the amplifier. The diffraction limited quality of the input beam is preserved in the amplifier so that a high power output beam having nearly the same diffraction limited quality is produced.

Hackel, L.A.; Dane, C.B.

1993-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

230

ARES NW Power and Conservation Council Presentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& Proprietary #12; Excess power due to low demand, grid energy used to power shuttle units uphill Shortfall of power, due to high demand, energy supplied into the grid by regenerative braking of shuttle travel length 3.6 miles · 8 4-car shu^le-trains with a maximum

231

UCDavis University of California About PEV Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

membership in it 1. Little to no participation in on-line forums (beyond reading it) 2. Essentially University of California Households Characteristics 96% live in single family House 96% own their house ­ 1 learn about PEVs? · By experience · How regenerative braking works · How far they can and do drive

California at Davis, University of

232

Study on Energy-Saving Control Strategy of Idling Stop System for City Bus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuel economy of city bus is poor, because the urban traffic is congested, the city bus is constantly in the idle condition resulting in fuel consumption is increasing. In order to improve the vehicle fuel economy and protect environment, the energy consumption ... Keywords: idling stop, energy-saving, control strategy, regenerative braking

Daxing Huang; Ren He

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

UCDavis University of California Learning By Driving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% 29% 0% 2% 10% 37% 39% 71% Solar Wind Hydro Nuclear Natural Gas Coal The electricity for charging fun with it. "I love the regenerative braking. In fact, I miss it when I drive my other cars." ­ Household 8 "It is like driving a slot car. It is exciting; it is as much fun as accelerating" ­ Survey

California at Davis, University of

234

Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. Cass Avenue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to reduce petroleum use, cut emissions and save on fuel costs. The chart below gives you an idea of how Driving Range* Fuel Cost to Drive 25 Miles* CO2 Emissions (grams per mile)* Conventional Vehicle Powered a plug; the battery is recharged with energy from regenerative braking and the engine. 50 Not Applicable

Kemner, Ken

235

Faculty of Science and Engineering School of Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for vehicle design. Working with specialists in vehicle controls and advanced powertrains, you will study modern vehicle powertrains including alternatively fuelled engines, hybrid vehicles, CVT drivelines and regenerative braking. You will examine future directions such as electric vehicles and fuel cell technology

236

Hybrid energy storage systems and battery management for electric vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric vehicles (EV) are considered as a strong alternative of internal combustion engine vehicles expecting lower carbon emission. However, their actual benefits are not yet clearly verified while the energy efficiency can be improved in many ways. ... Keywords: battery-supercapacitor hybrid, charging/discharging asymmetry, electric vehicle, regenerative braking

Sangyoung Park, Younghyun Kim, Naehyuck Chang

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Regenerative Energie Systeme RegEnSys | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regenerative Energie Systeme RegEnSys Regenerative Energie Systeme RegEnSys Jump to: navigation, search Name Regenerative Energie Systeme (RegEnSys) Place Frankenthal, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany Zip 67227 Sector Solar Product Sale and installation of solar (thermal and PV) and ventilation systems. Coordinates 51.131202°, 14.106809° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.131202,"lon":14.106809,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

238

Regenerative pulse amplification in the 10-kHz range  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A continuously pumped Nd:YLF regenerative amplifier has been developed that can amplify 40-psec pulses at a repetition rate of greater than 10 kHz, with an average power in excess of 5 W. Pulse energies are as high as 2.0 mJ at 3 kHz and 640 {mu}J at 10.5 kHz. The limitation on the amplifier repetition rate that is associated with piezoelectric ringing in LiNbO{sub 3} electro-optics has been overcome by using short-pulsed electric fields (10 nsec) and proper acoustic damping. Regenerative pulse amplification, limited in repetition only by the pump rate of the gain medium, has been achieved. The high repetition rate in regenerative pulse amplification made possible by this development should prove important for signal-processing considerations in a wide variety of pulse-amplification applications.

Wang, X.D.; Basseras, P.; Miller, R.D. (Department of Chemistry, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY (USA)); Sweetser, J.; Walmsley, I.A. (The Institute of Optics, The University of Rochester, Rochester, NY (USA))

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Ignition feedback regenerative free electron laser (FEL) amplifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ignition feedback regenerative amplifier consists of an injector, a linear accelerator with energy recovery, and a high-gain free electron laser amplifier. A fraction of the free electron laser output is coupled to the input to operate the free electron laser in the regenerative mode. A mode filter in this loop prevents run away instability. Another fraction of the output, after suitable frequency up conversion, is used to drive the photocathode. An external laser is provided to start up both the amplifier and the injector, thus igniting the system.

Kim, Kwang-Je (Burr Ridge, IL); Zholents, Alexander (Walnut Creek, CA); Zolotorev, Max (Oakland, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Um estudo dos mecanismos de desgaste em disco de freio automotivo ventilado de ferro fundido cinzento perlítico com grafita lamelar.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The main mechanims of wear, present in ventilated brake disc had been determined, when submited to the braking test in inertial dynamometric simulator. Were measured… (more)

Edison Marcelo Serbino

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Microsoft Word - ffort-11.html  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Seating Capacity: 2 Adults Features: AC, Power Steering AMFM Stereo, Power Brakes, Battery Thermal Management, Anti-Lock Brakes & Heater DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 117.4 inches...

242

1999 EV America Technical Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

braking and anti-lock brake systems. 4.3 OVERHEATING The vehicle motor and controllerinverter should be capable of continuous operation at maximum vehicle speed andor sustained...

243

Fault diagnosis of regenerative water heater based-on multi-class support vector machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main idea of multi-class support vector machines (SVMs) is described. a multi-class model for regenerative water heater fault diagnosis is presented combining the fuzzy logic and SVMs. The typical faults set of regenerative water heater is built ... Keywords: fault diagnosis, fuzzy rules, regenerative water heater, steam turbine, support vector machines

Lei Wang; Rui-Qing Zhang

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Fault Diagnosis of Regenerative Water Heater Based-On Multi-class Support Vector Machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main idea of multi-class support vector machines (SVMs) is described. a multi-class model for regenerative water heater fault diagnosis is presented combining the fuzzy logic and SVMs. The typical faults set of regenerative water heater is built ... Keywords: steam turbine, regenerative water heater, fuzzy rules, support vector machines, fault diagnosis

Lei Wang; Rui-qing Zhang

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

A Regenerative High-Rise Tower in Shreveport, Louisiana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zero Net Energy Buildings are increasingly being designed and constructed in response to the demand for sustainable buildings. But, we must now go beyond merely sustaining our environment for future generations we must provide regenerative designs that restore our natural environment. This paper will document the design of a regenerative high-rise tower in Shreveport, Louisiana, which will serve as a facility to train individuals in a non-profit organization’s renewal strategies and demonstrate by example the pedagogy of regenerative design. The 16-story structure — built in the 1950s and named the Petroleum Tower, reflecting the commodity that then ruled the local economy — was vacant and asbestos-laden when given to the non-profit Community Renewal International (CRI) in 2001. In 2006, funded by a grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, workers removed the asbestos. Through a follow up grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to support the design process of a new CRI headquarters building, the University of Texas at Austin School of Architecture completed architectural design studies for the building renewal. The principles of this new design include: day lighting, envelope configuration, building integrated photovoltaic systems, green surfaces, ventilation strategies, advanced mechanical cooling systems, regenerative elevator systems, energy management systems, water harvesting, grey water systems, trigeneration systems and a combined heating, hot water and power biodiesel plant.

Garrison, M.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Distributed Space-Time Cooperative Systems with Regenerative Relays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses some of the opportunities and the challenges in the design of multi-hop systems that utilize cooperation with one or two intermediate regenerative relays to provide high-quality communication between a source and a destination. We ...

P. A. Anghel; G. Leus; M. Kaveh

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Hybrid: Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar OVERVIEW Hybrid-electric vehicles combine the benefits of gasoline engines and electric motors to provide improved fuel economy. The engine provides most of the vehicle's power, and the electric motor provides additional power when needed, such as for accelerating and passing. This allows a smaller, more-efficient engine to be used. The electric power for the motor is generated from regenerative braking and from the gasoline engine, so hybrids don't have to be "plugged in" to an electrical outlet to recharge. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

248

Hybrid: Overview  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar OVERVIEW Hybrid-electric vehicles combine the benefits of gasoline engines and electric motors to provide improved fuel economy. The engine provides most of the vehicle's power, and the electric motor provides additional power when needed, such as for accelerating and passing. This allows a smaller, more-efficient engine to be used. The electric power for the motor is generated from regenerative braking and from the gasoline engine, so hybrids don't have to be "plugged in" to an electrical outlet to recharge. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

249

High-power regenerative Nd-phosphate glass amplifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A compact high-power regenerative Nd-phosphate glass amplifier is described which incorporates spatial filtering and full image relay techniques. Output energies up to 1.2 J at a pulse duration of 140 +- 10 psec (FWHM) and 3 J at 900 +- 70 psec (FWHM) are achieved in a smooth nearly flattop beam intensity profile. Even with present-day technology, this system could be scaled into a terawatt regime.

Roschger, E.W.; Balmer, J.E.

1985-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

250

Braking the making of a treaty : the role of Spain and Poland in the intergovernmental negotiations on the treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The 2003 Intergovernmental Conference in the EU was halted from December 2003 till March 2004. The reason was the opposition against the proposed new double… (more)

Gulbrandsen, Christer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

REGENERATIVE STORMWATER CONVEYANCE (RSC) AS AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO SUSTAINABLE STORMWATER PLANNING ON LINEAR PROJECTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy and sediment supply. In the collection and conveyance-oriented regenerativeenergy. As a result, it is possible to develop a linear regenerative

Berg, Joe; Underwood, Keith

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

High voltage bus and auxiliary heater control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A control system for an electric or hybrid electric vehicle includes a vehicle system controller and a control circuit having an electric immersion heater. The heater is electrically connected to the vehicle's high voltage bus and is thermally coupled to a coolant loop containing a heater core for the vehicle's climate control system. The system controller responds to cabin heat requests from the climate control system by generating a pulse width modulated signal that is used by the control circuit to operate the heater at a duty cycle appropriate for the amount of cabin heating requested. The control system also uses the heater to dissipate excess energy produced by an auxiliary power unit and to provide electric braking when regenerative braking is not desirable and manual braking is not necessary. The control system further utilizes the heater to provide a safe discharge of a bank of energy storage capacitors following disconnection of the battery or one of the high voltage connectors used to transmit high voltage operating power to the various vehicle systems. The control circuit includes a high voltage clamping circuit that monitors the voltage on the bus and operates the heater to clamp down the bus voltage when it exceeds a pre-selected maximum voltage. The control system can also be used to phase in operation of the heater when the bus voltage exceeds a lower threshold voltage and can be used to phase out the auxiliary power unit charging and regenerative braking when the battery becomes fully charged.

Murty, Balarama Vempaty (West Bloomfield, MI)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Study on the Mode of Power Plant Circulating Water Waste Heat Regenerative Thermal System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power Plant Circulating Water (PPCW) waste heat recycling is an important way of increasing a power plant’s primary energy ratio. According to the PPCW waste heat regenerative thermal system, the authors propose two modes of heat pump heat regenerative ... Keywords: heat pump, power plant circulating water (PPCW), waste heat recycling, energy saving

Bi Qingsheng; Ma Yanliang; Yang Zhifu

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

74 74 Number of trips 399 Distance traveled (mi) 148 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 73% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 6.3 Average Stops per mile 35.5 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 11% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 423 Number of trips 27 Distance traveled (mi) 54 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 27% Average Trip Distance (mi) 2.0 Average Driving Speed (mph) 20.7 Average Stops per mile 3.5 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 0 Number of trips 0 Distance traveled (mi) 0 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 0% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.0 Average Driving Speed (mph)

255

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 Number of trips 493 Distance traveled (mi) 189 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 38% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 4.9 Average Stops per mile 28.7 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 377 Number of trips 67 Distance traveled (mi) 275 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 56% Average Trip Distance (mi) 4.1 Average Driving Speed (mph) 17.9 Average Stops per mile 3.7 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 438 Number of trips 1 Distance traveled (mi) 29 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 6% Average Trip Distance (mi) 28.7 Average Driving Speed (mph)

256

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

505 505 Number of trips 601 Distance traveled (mi) 245 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 62% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 5.4 Average Stops per mile 34.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 373 Number of trips 35 Distance traveled (mi) 124 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 31% Average Trip Distance (mi) 3.5 Average Driving Speed (mph) 23.0 Average Stops per mile 3.7 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 319 Number of trips 3 Distance traveled (mi) 25 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 6% Average Trip Distance (mi) 8.5 Average Driving Speed (mph)

257

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

613 613 Number of trips 89 Distance traveled (mi) 9 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 30% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.1 Average Driving Speed (mph) 7.0 Average Stops per mile 44.5 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 9% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 487 Number of trips 8 Distance traveled (mi) 5 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 16% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.6 Average Driving Speed (mph) 25.0 Average Stops per mile 3.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 6% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 487 Number of trips 7 Distance traveled (mi) 16 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 54% Average Trip Distance (mi) 2.3 Average Driving Speed (mph)

258

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 Number of trips 1,610 Distance traveled (mi) 372 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 72% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.2 Average Driving Speed (mph) 5.2 Average Stops per mile 32.1 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 383 Number of trips 114 Distance traveled (mi) 144 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 28% Average Trip Distance (mi) 1.3 Average Driving Speed (mph) 18.3 Average Stops per mile 3.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 16% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 549 Number of trips 5 Distance traveled (mi) 2 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 0% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph)

259

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

530 530 Number of trips 1,308 Distance traveled (mi) 495 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 69% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 5.6 Average Stops per mile 31.4 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 471 Number of trips 91 Distance traveled (mi) 175 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 24% Average Trip Distance (mi) 1.9 Average Driving Speed (mph) 16.6 Average Stops per mile 3.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 357 Number of trips 2 Distance traveled (mi) 49 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 7% Average Trip Distance (mi) 24.7 Average Driving Speed (mph)

260

Engines - Emissions Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EPRI Hybrid Electric Vehicle Working Group: HEV Costs and Emissions EPRI Hybrid Electric Vehicle Working Group: HEV Costs and Emissions Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are attractive options for increasing vehicle fuel economy and reducing emissions of criteria pollutants and greenhouse gases. Two automobile manufacturers have already introduced HEVs, and other manufacturers are planning to introduce their own models. One available HEV combines mass reduction (also applicable to conventional vehicles) with idle-stop, regenerative braking, and electric-drive assist to achieve a fuel economy more than 2.5 times the current Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standard. The second HEV combines idle-stop, regenerative braking, electric assist acceleration, and continuously variable transmission (CVT) to achieve a fuel economy of more than twice the current CAFÉ standard, qualifying as a super ultra-low emissions vehicle (SULEV).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

ANALYSIS OF CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLE HYBRID POWERTRAINS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Ecological and socioeconomic factors determine high interest in the development of pollution-free vehicles. At present use of electro-vehicles is suppressed by a number of technological factors. Vehicles with alternative powertrains are transitional stage between development of pollution-free vehicles and vehicles with conventional internal combustion engine. According to these aspects the investigation on conventional hybrid drives and their control systems is carried out in the article. The equations that allow evaluating effectiveness of regenerative braking for different variants of hybrid drive are given. The AMESim software is used as the modeling environment, in which models of hybrid vehicles are developed and the results of virtual simulation are analyzed. Also a number of recommendations for increasing of regenerative braking effectiveness are given.

Siarhei Kliauzovich

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Passive magnetic bearings for vehicular electromechanical batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the design of a passive magnetic bearing system to be used in electromechanical batteries (flywheel energy storage modules) suitable for vehicular use. One or two such EMB modules might, for example, be employed in a hybrid-electric automobile, providing efficient means for power peaking, i.e., for handling acceleration and regenerative braking power demands at high power levels. The bearing design described herein will be based on a ''dual-mode'' operating regime.

Post, R

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Optimal energy management and recovery for FEV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper briefly describes the latest achievements of a new functional vehicle system to overcome the range anxiety problem of Fully Electric Vehicles (FEV). This is primarily achieved by integrated control and operation strategies to optimize the ... Keywords: FEV range anxiety, GPS, all electric range, car-to-car, car-to-infrastructure, control, energy manager, environmental sensors, hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), network architecture, operation strategies, radar, regenerative vacuum free braking, safety, satellite navigation, vehicle simulation, video

Kosmas Knoedler; Jochen Steinmann; Sylvain Laversanne; Stephen Jones; Arno Huss; Emre Kural; David Sanchez; Oliver Bringmann; Jochen Zimmermann

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Analysis of a diesel-electric hybrid urban bus system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A hybrid bus powered by a diesel engine and a battery pack has been analyzed over an idealized bus-driving cycle in Chicago. Three hybrid configurations, two parallel and one series, have been evaluated. The results indicate that the fuel economy of a hybrid bus, taking into account the regenerative braking, is comparable with that of a conventional diesel bus. Life-cycle costs are slightly higher because of the added weight and cost of the battery.

Marr, W.W.; Sekar, R.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Ahlheim, M.C. [Regional Transportation Authority, Chicago, IL (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Biodegradable Mg-Ca and Mg-1Ca-1Y alloys for Regenerative ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biodegradable Mg-Ca and Mg-1Ca-1Y alloys for Regenerative Medicine ... in Multi–Length–Scale Bone Structure – An Investigation Using High-Energy X- Rays.

266

Performance testing of the AC propulsion ELX electric vehicle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Performance testing of the AC Propulsion ELX electric vehicle is described. Test data are presented and analyzed. The ELX vehicle is the first of a series of electric vehicles of interest to the California Air Resources Board. The test series is being conducted under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between the US Department of energy and the California Air Resources Board. The tests which were conducted showed that the AC Propulsion ELX electric vehicle has exceptional acceleration and range performance. when the vehicle`s battery was fully charged, the vehicle can accelerate from 0 to 96 km/h in about 10 seconds. Energy consumption and range tests using consecutive FUDS and HWFET Driving cycles (the all-electric cycle) indicate that the energy economy of the AC Propulsion ELX electric vehicle with regenerative braking is 97 W{center_dot}h/km, with a range of 153 km (95 miles). Computer simulations performed using the SIMPLEV Program indicate that the vehicle would have a range of 327 km (203 miles) on the all-electric cycle if the lead acid batteries were replaced with NiMH batteries having an energy density of 67 W{center_dot}h/kg. Comparisons of FUDS test data with and without regenerative braking indicated that regenerative braking reduced the energy consumption of the ELX vehicle by approximately 25%.

Kramer, W.E.; MacDowall, R.D.; Burke, A.F.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Highly Stable, All-Solid-State Nd:YLF Regenerative Amplifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A diode-pumped Nd:YLF regenerative amplifier (regen) has been developed and is in use in the 60-beam, 30-kJUV OMEGA laser system's driver line. The high stability, compactness, and reliability of this all-solid-state modular design are the key features of this concept. Stable, millijoule-level output-pulse energies with an overall gain of 109 have been demonstrated.

Okishev,A.V.; Zuegel,J.D.

2004-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

268

Vehicular hydrogen storage using lightweight tanks (regenerative fuel cell systems)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Energy storage systems with extremely high specific energy (>400 Wh/kg) have been designed that use lightweight tankage to contain the gases generated by reversible (unitized) regenerative fuel cells (URFCs). Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) will leverage work for aerospace applications supported by other sponsors (including BMDO, NASA, and USAF) to develop URFC systems for transportation and utility applications. Lightweight tankage is important for primary fuel cell powered vehicles that use on-board storage of hydrogen. Lightweight pressure vessels with state-of-the-art performance factors were designed, and prototypes are being fabricated to meet the DOE 2000 goals (4000 Wh/kg, 12% hydrogen by weight, 700 Wh/liter, and $20/kWh in high volume production). These pressure vessels use technologies that are easily adopted by industrial partners. Advanced liners provide permeation barriers for gas storage and are mandrels for composite overwrap. URFCs are important to the efficient use of hydrogen as a transportation fuel and enabler of renewable energy. H{sub 2}/halogen URFCs may be advantageous for stationary applications whereas H{sub 2}/O{sub 2} or H{sub 2}/air URFCs are advantageous for vehicular applications. URFC research and development is required to improve performance (efficiency), reduce catalyst loading, understand engineering operation, and integrate systems. LLNL has the experimental equipment and advanced URFC membrane electrode assemblies (some with reduced catalyst loading) for evaluating commercial hardware (not funded by DOE in FY1999).

Mitlitsky, F; Myers, B; Weisberg, A H

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Convective heat and mass transfer in compact regenerative dehumidifiers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regular-density silica gel is identified as the candidate desiccant for regenerative dehumidification of humid air operating at low-regeneration temperatures and high-process humidities. The literature on the equilibrium sorption uptake of water vapor by R. D. silica gel is reviewed in this work, and a large number of experimental sorption data is collected from various technical reports. The Dubinin-Polanyi sorption theory for microporous adsorbents is discussed and applied to the sorptive data. A graphical presentation of the experimental data establishes the characteristic curve for the sorption of water vapor on silica gel. The Dubinin-Astakhov correlation is used to represent the equilibrium sorption isotherm and values for the characteristic sorption energies are determined by curve fitting with the experimental data. An accurate, generalized isotherm equation for the sorption of water vapor on regular density silica gel is presented in the first part of this work. The second part of this work presents an analytical and experimental investigation of the transient heat and mass transfer in laminar flow of humid air over a silica gel surface. Experimental results are presented for the transient response of a parallel-plate dehumidifier matrix in single-blow type experiments.

Van den Buick, E.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Computer controlled synchronous shifting of an automatic transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the torque at the output of the transmission or drive wheels, the speed of the power source, and the hydraulic pressure applied to a clutch and brake. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift, a commanded transmission output torque, and commanded power source speed. A microprocessor processes the inputs and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake at a rate that satisfies the requirements for a short gear ratio change and smooth torque transfer between the friction elements.

Davis, Roy I. (9214 Abbey La., Ypsilanti, MI 48198); Patil, Prabhakar B. (10294 W. Outer Dr., Detroit, MI 48223)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Computer controllable synchronous shifting of an automatic transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the torque at the output of the transmission or drive wheels, the speed of the power source, and the hydraulic pressure applied to a clutch and brake. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift, a commanded transmission output torque, and commanded power source speed. A microprocessor processes the inputs and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake at a rate that satisfies the requirements for a short gear ratio change and smooth torque transfer between the friction elements. 6 figs.

Davis, R.I.; Patil, P.B.

1989-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

272

Construction of narrow-band regenerative amplifier for momentum imaging spectroscopy of lithium dimer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We constructed a Ti:Sapphire narrow-band regenerative amplifier as the probe laser of the experiment of momentum imaging spectroscopy of lithium dimer. The spectral profile of the regenerative cavity was designed by three birefringent filters and a plate of etalon. With 1.1-mJ pumping by the second harmonics of Nd:YLF laser, mode-locked seed pulses were amplified to {approx}25 {mu}J at 1-kHz repetition, with the bandwidth of {approx}0.7 cm{sup -1}.

Matsuoka, Leo; Hashimoto, Masashi; Yokoyama, Keiichi [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 8-1-7, Umemidai, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan)

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

273

Pulse compression with a high-energy Nd:YAG regenerative amplifier system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a method for the generation of readily synchronizable, near-transform-limited, 1064-nm, 6-mJ pulses with {lt}20-ps duration at a repetition rate of 20 Hz. The method employs chirped pulse amplification of spectrally broadened and temporally stretched pulses from a cw mode-locked Nd:YAG laser in a commercial Nd:YAG regenerative amplifier followed by pulse compression with a grating pair. Linear amplification subsequent to regenerative amplification is not required with this method, although higher energies would be easily obtained. {copyright} 1997 Optical Society of America

Venturo, V.A.; Joly, A.G.; Ray, D. [Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P.O. Box 999 K2-14, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Method for controlling a motor vehicle powertrain  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the position of the gear selector lever operated manually by the vehicle operator, the speed of the power source, the state of the ignition key, and the rate of release of an accelerator pedal. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift and a torque command and various constant torque signals. A microprocessor processes the input and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake to produce the forward drive, reverse and regenerative operation of the transmission.

Burba, Joseph C. (Ypsilanti, MI); Landman, Ronald G. (Ypsilanti, MI); Patil, Prabhakar B. (Detroit, MI); Reitz, Graydon A. (Farmington Hills, MI)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Method for controlling a motor vehicle powertrain  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the position of the gear selector lever operated manually by the vehicle operator, the speed of the power source, the state of the ignition key, and the rate of release of an accelerator pedal. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift and a torque command and various constant torque signals. A microprocessor processes the input and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake to produce the forward drive, reverse and regenerative operation of the transmission. 7 figs.

Burba, J.C.; Landman, R.G.; Patil, P.B.; Reitz, G.A.

1990-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

276

P.: Quick simulation methods for estimating the unreliability of regenerative models of large highly reliable systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate fast simulation techniques for estimating the unreliability in large Markovian models of highly reliable systems for which analytical0numerical techniques are difficult to apply+ We first show mathematically that for “small ” time horizons, the relative simulation error, when using the importance sampling techniques of failure biasing and forcing, remains bounded as component failure rates tend to zero+ This is in contrast to naive simulation where the relative error tends to infinity+ For “large ” time horizons where these techniques are not efficient, we use the approach of first bounding the unreliability in terms of regenerative-cycle-based measures and then estimating the regenerative-cycle-based measures using importance sampling; the latter can be done very efficiently+ We first use bounds developed in the literature for the asymptotic distribution of the time to hitting a rare set in regenerative systems+ However, these bounds are “close ” to the unreliability only for a certain range of time horizons+ We develop new bounds that make use of the special structure of the systems that we consider and are “close ” to the unreliability for a much wider range of time horizons+ These techniques extend to non-Markovian, highly reliable systems as long as the regenerative structure is preserved+ © 2004 Cambridge University Press 0269-9648004 $16+00 339340 M. K. Nakayama and P. Shahabuddin 1.

Marvin K. Nakayama; Perwez Shahabuddin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Energy Saving Technology of Thermal Regenerative Compressed Air Dryer by Regenerates Adsorbent with Residual Heat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to the characteristic of the compressed air dryer located at the same place with the air compressor, for the large capacity thermal regenerative compressed air dryer that the absorbent is regenerated by an electric heater, this thesis puts ... Keywords: Compressed air dryer, Regeneration, Heater, Residual heat, Energy saving

Zhang Mingzhu; Zhou Zhili; Li Hongtao; Zhang Yongbo

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Characterization of a high-gain picosecond flash-lamp-pumped Nd:YAG regenerative amplifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We evaluate the performance of a novel 10-Hz picosecond Nd:YAG regenerative amplifier configured as a self-filtering unstable resonator. Pulse energies of approx.60 mJ in approx.100 psec at 1.06 ..mu..m are achieved using a single 6-mm-diameter Nd:YAG rod, while mode-matching requirements are minimized.

Dawson, M.D.; Schroeder, W.A.; Norwood, D.P.; Smirl, A.L.; Weston, J.; Ettelbrick, R.N.; Aubert, R.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Corrosion Control Using Regenerative Biofilms (CCURB) That Secrete Antimicrobials and Corrosion Inhibitors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This interim report covers the second year of research on the CCURB (Corrosion Control Using Regenerative Biofilms) project. This work seeks solutions to corrosion through the use of protective biofilms. To this end, the team has studied the use of both natural and genetically-engineered bacteria for corrosion inhibition of mild steel, aluminum, brass, and copper.

2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

280

Integration and Dynamics of a Renewable Regenerative Hydrogen Fuel Cell System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integration and Dynamics of a Renewable Regenerative Hydrogen Fuel Cell System by Alvin Peter Cell System by Alvin Peter Bergen B.A.Sc., University of Victoria, 1994 M.Sc., University of University, hydrogen and electricity storage, and fuel cells. A special design feature of this test bed is the ability

Victoria, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Alloy Groupings by Application or Major Characteristic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Missile bodies Missile fins Aircraft pylons Aircraft canopies Wing flaps Speed brakes Hatch covers Hydraulic pumps Automotive suspension systems and cross-members Fuel pumps Brake valves Armored cupolas Aerospace structural parts Applications include:...

282

VIN# JHMFA36216S019329 Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

16S019329 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 1.3 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 15 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 968 lbs Features: Front disk brakes wEBD brake...

283

VIN# JHMFA36246S018725 Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

46S018725 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 1.3 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 15 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 968 lbs Features: Front disk brakes wEBD brake...

284

MHV Fleet Testing - Maintenance Sheet for 2010 Smart Fortwo  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

472012 47,544 Changed oil and filter 64.33 4112012 47,840 Replaced left front tire (labor) 45.00 4122012 47,847 Replaced front brake pads, adjusted rear brake shoes...

285

NREL: Fleet Test and Evaluation - Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Systems Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Systems NREL's Fleet Test and Evaluation Team conducts performance evaluations of hydraulic hybrid drive systems in delivery vehicles. Because hydraulic hybrids feature highly efficient regenerative braking systems and "engine off at idle" capabilities, they are ideal for parcel delivery applications where stop-and-go traffic is common. Hydraulic hybrid systems can capture up to 70% of the kinetic energy that would otherwise be lost during braking. This energy drives a pump, which transfers hydraulic fluid from a low-pressure reservoir to a high-pressure accumulator. When the vehicle accelerates, fluid in the high-pressure accumulator moves to the lower-pressure reservoir, which drives a motor and provides extra torque. This process can improve the vehicle's fuel economy

286

2009 BMW MINI EVAmerica fact sheet.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3230 lb 3230 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 3306 lb Distribution F/R: 51/49 % GVWR: 3660 lb Payload 2 : 354 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 97.1 inches Track F/R: 57.4/57.8 inches Length: 145.6 inches Width: 66.3 inches Height: 55.4 inches Ground Clearance: 6.0 inches Performance Goal: 5.0 inches CHARGER Level 1: Location: On-board Type: Conductive Input Voltages: 120VAC Level 2: Location: Off-board Type: Conductive Input Voltages: 240 VAC © 2009 Electric Transportation Applications All Rights Reserved BASE VEHICLE: 2009 BMW MINI E Seatbelt Positions: Two Standard Features: Front Wheel Drive Front Disc and Rear Disc Brakes Regenerative Braking With Coast Down Three-Point Safety Belts Speedometer Odometer State-Of-Charge Meter BATTERY Type: Lithium Ion Number of Modules: 48

287

Microsoft Word - s10.html  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chevrolet S-10 Electric Chevrolet S-10 Electric w/NiMH VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS PURPOSE-BUILT VEHICLE Base Vehicle: 1998 S-10 VIN: 1GCDE14H1W8122580 Seatbelt Positions: Three Standard Features: Heat Pump Climate Control System Auxillary Diesel Fuel Fired Heater (Only operates Below 37°F) Cruise Control Power Steering Tilt Steering Wheel 4-wheel Anti-Lock Power Assisted Brakes Regenerative Braking Propulsion Battery Thermal Management System Driver and Passenger-Side Air Bags (w/Passenger-Side Deactivation Switch) AM/FM Stereo Radio Half-Bed Tonneau Cover BATTERY Manufacturer: Ovonic Energy Products Type: Nickel Metal Hydride Number of Modules: 26 Weight of Module: 18.3 kg Weight of Pack(s): 490.5 kg Pack Locations: Underbody Nominal Module Voltage: 13.2 V

288

How Plug-in Hybrids Save Money  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How Plug-in Hybrids Save Money How Plug-in Hybrids Save Money Plug-in hybrid recharging Plug-in hybrids reduce fuel costs by Using high-capacity batteries that allow them to operate on electricity from the outlet for significant distances-electricity typically costs less than half as much as gasoline Using a larger electric motor that typically allows the vehicle to use electricity at higher speeds than regular hybrids Using regenerative braking to recover energy typically wasted when you apply the brakes Plug-in hybrid designs differ, and your driving habits, especially the distance you drive between re-charging, can have a big effect on your fuel bill. My Plug-in Hybrid Calculator estimates gasoline and electricity costs for any available plug-in hybrid using your driving habits and fuel costs.

289

ETA-HITP06  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Revision 0 Effective November 1, 2004 Braking Test Prepared by Electric Transportation Applications Prepared by: Date: Garrett...

290

EV America Skid Test Procedure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Revision 3 Effective February 1, 2008 Braking Test Prepared by Electric Transportation Applications Prepared by: Date: Derek Peterson...

291

techbriefs  

and a safer position to operate the emergency brake, radio, or provide flag signals to the engineer. The attached

292

High voltage bus and auxiliary heater control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A control system for an electric or hybrid electric vehicle includes a vehicle system controller and a control circuit having an electric immersion heater. The heater is electrically connected to the vehicle's high voltage bus and is thermally coupled to a coolant loop containing a heater core for the vehicle's climate control system. The system controller responds to cabin heat requests from the climate control system by generating a pulse width modulated signal that is used by the control circuit to operate the heater at a duty cycle appropriate for the amount of cabin heating requested. The control system also uses the heater to dissipate excess energy produced by an auxiliary power unit and to provide electric braking when regenerative braking is not desirable and manual braking is not necessary. The control system further utilizes the heater to provide a safe discharge of a bank of energy storage capacitors following disconnection of the battery or one of the high voltage connectors used to transmit high voltage operating power to the various vehicle systems. The control circuit includes a high voltage clamping circuit that monitors the voltage on the bus and operates the heater to clamp down the bus voltage when it exceeds a pre-selected maximum voltage. The control system can also be used to phase in operation of the heater when the bus voltage exceeds a lower threshold voltage and can be used to phase out the auxiliary power unit charging and regenerative braking when the battery becomes fully charged.

Murty, Balarama Vempaty (West Bloomfield, MI)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

ASE Suppression in a Diode-Pumped Nd:YLF Regenerative Amplifier Using a Volume Bragg Grating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Instrument-limited suppression of out-of-band amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) is demonstrated for the first time in a Nd:YLF diode-pumped regenerative amplifier using a volume Bragg grating (VBG) as a cavity mirror.

Okishev, A.V.; Dorrer, C.; Smirnov, V.I.; Glebov, L.B.; Zuegel, J.D.

2007-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

294

A continuous heat regenerative adsorption refrigerator using spiral plate heat exchanger as adsorbers: improvements  

SciTech Connect

Spiral plate heat exchangers as adsorbers have been proposed, and a prototype heat regenerative adsorption refrigerator using activated carbon-methanol pair has been developed and tested. Various improvements have been made, the authors get a specific cooling power for 2.6 kg-ice/day-kg adsorbent at the condition of generation temperature lower than 100 C. Discussions on the arrangements of thermal cycles and influences of design are shown.

Wang, R.Z.; Wu, J.Y.; Xu, Y.X. [Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ. (China). Inst. of Refrigeration and Cryogenics

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

A solar regenerative thermoelectrochemical converter (RTEC). Executive summary of final subcontract report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is an executive summary of a final subcontract report that describes the successful completion of a closed-loop demonstration of a regenerative thermoelectromechanical device using solar heat input for the production of electricity. The full report, which contains a detailed description of the two-year effort, is currently subject to a government secrecy order which precludes public release of the information. Copies of the full report will be made available for general release whenever the secrecy order is lifted.

Townsend, C.W.; McHardy, J. [Hughes Aircraft Co., El Segundo, CA (United States)

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Optimum cycle parameters of coal fired closed cycle gas turbine in regenerative and combined cycle configurations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the methodology developed for the estimation of thermodynamic performance and reports the optimum cycle parameters of coal fired CCGT in regenerative and combined cycle configurations using air, helium and carbon dioxide as working gases. A rigorous approach has been followed for the determination of the cycle efficiency by assuming the specific heat of working gases as a continuous function of temperature for accurate estimation of cycle parameters. 14 refs.

Rao, J.S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Integrated Modular Propulsion and Regenerative Electro-energy Storage System (IMPRESS) for small satellites  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The IMPRESS is a significant advancement in space system technology as it is able to operate alternately as a fuel cell to produce electrical power from stored hydrogen and oxygen and as a water electrolyzer using electrical power to produce hydrogen and oxygen from stored water. The electrolysis of a controllable fraction of stored water can provide high Isp rocket propellants on demand. The heart of the IMPRESS is the Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cell (URFC), which produces power and electrolytically regenerates its reactants using a single stack of reversible cells. This integrated approach has several significant advantages over separate (battery) power and propulsion systems.

Mitlitsky, F. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); de Groot, W. [Nyma, Inc., Brook Park, OH (United States); Butler, L.; McElroy, J. [United Technologies Corp., Windsor Locks, CT (United States). Hamilton Standard Div.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Conceptual design of an advanced absorption cycle: the double-effect regenerative absorption refrigeration cycle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An advanced absorption refrigeration cycle was proposed as a heat-activated refrigeration system. Referred to as the double-effect regenerative absorption cycle of cycle 2R, it improves the performance of the conventional single-effect absorption cycle at high heat source temperatures. The performance of cycle 2R continually improves as input temperatures rise, in contrast to the conventional double-effect absorption cycle that has a sharp cut-off temperature below which it ceases to operate. Cycle 2R operates with two subcycles, the first-effect and the second-effect subcycles.

Dao, K.

1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

CMVRTC: Overweight Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heavy and overweight vehicle brake testing for combination five-axle Heavy and overweight vehicle brake testing for combination five-axle tractor-flatbed scale The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, in coordination with the Federal Highway Administration, sponsored the Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT) program in order to provide information about the effect of gross vehicle weight (GVW) on braking performance. Because the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations limit the number of braking system defects that may exist for a vehicle to be allowed to operate on the roadways, the examination of the effect of brake defects on brake performance for increased loads is also relevant. The HOVBT program seeks to provide relevant information to policy makers responsible for establishing load limits, beginning with providing test data for a

300

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Novel Regenerative Fuel Cells based on Anion Exchange Membranes - Katherine Ayers, Proton Onsite  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

l l R ti F l C ll b d A i E h M b f Novel Regenerative Fuel Cells based on Anion Exchange Membranes for Novel Regenerative Fuel Cells based on Anion Exchange Membranes for g g Affordable Renewable Energy Storage Affordable Renewable Energy Storage Affordable Renewable Energy Storage PI: Dr Katherine Ayers Proton Energy Systems kayers@protononsite com PI: Dr. Katherine Ayers, Proton Energy Systems, kayers@protononsite.com y , gy y , y @p A h Key Challenges and Progress Approach Key Challenges and Progress Approach Key Challenges and Progress pp N PGM t l t ( l t l ) Fuel Cell Durability: Non-PGM catalysts (electrolyzer) * Leverage Proton experience in large scale Fuel Cell Durability: o G cata ysts (e ect o y e ) * Leverage Proton experience in large scale Anode flooding and cathode * Translation from RDE to cell results electrolysis and regenerative fuel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Conceptual design of a 10MW regenerative isobutane geothermal power plant. Technical report No. 18  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

At present, there are basically three different systems for converting energy in geothermal fluid into power: vapor-flashing system, total flow system, and binary system. A comparison of the power production processes was made on the basis of work output in Kwh per 1000 pounds of geothermal fluid for self flowing wells with wellhead pressure of 100 psia and for wells with downhole pumps. For simplicity, the assumptions were made that the enthalpy of the geothermal fluid in the reservoir is approximately equal to that at the wellhead, that the thermodynamic properties of geothermal fluid may be approximated by those of water, and that the pressure effects on the properties of fluid are negligible. The results showed that the performance of the two-stage vapor-flashing system is not appreciably improved by using a downhole pump. The total flow system is simple, but its success depends mainly on the development of a reliable machine with sufficiently high thermal efficiency. The regenerative isobutane system is impractical, if the geothermal fluid temperature is below 380/sup 0/F. But, when the brine temperatures range from 485 to 600/sup 0/F, the regenerative isobutane system with downhole pump exhibits superior performance as compared to two-stage vapor-flashing system, basic isobutane system, or total flow system.

Gupta, A.K.; Chou, J.C.S.

1976-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

Full Hybrid: Stopped  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Braking button Stopped button Braking button Stopped button STOPPED When the vehicle is stopped, such as at a red light, the gasoline engine and electric motor shut off automatically so that energy is not wasted in idling. All other systems, including the electric air conditioning, continue to run. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. the car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. the car is stopped at an intersection. Battery (highlighted): The battery stores energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the electric motor. Since the battery powers the vehicle at low speeds, it is larger and holds much more energy than batteries used to start conventional vehicles. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. the car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. the car is stopped at an intersection.

303

Full Hybrid: Starting  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

highlighted Low Speed button Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button highlighted Low Speed button Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button STARTING When a full hybrid vehicle is initially started, the battery typically powers all accessories. The gasoline engine only starts if the battery needs to be charged or the accessories require more power than available from the battery. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. the car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. the car is stopped at an intersection. Battery (highlighted): The battery stores energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the electric motor. Since the battery powers the vehicle at low speeds, it is larger and holds much more energy than batteries used to start conventional vehicles. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. the car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. the car is stopped at an intersection.

304

Hybrid: Starting  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

button highlighted Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar button highlighted Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar STARTING When the vehicle is started, the gasoline engine "warms up." If necessary, the electric motor acts as a generator, converting energy from the engine into electricity and storing it in the battery. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is moving. There are arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the electric motor to the battery. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is moving. There are arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the electric motor to the battery. Battery: The battery stores energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the electric motor. Since the battery helps power the vehicle, it is larger and holds much more energy than batteries used to start conventional vehicles. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is moving. There are arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the electric motor to the battery.

305

Prestressed elastomer for energy storage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a regenerative braking device for an automotive vehicle. The device includes a power isolating assembly (14), an infinitely variable transmission (20) interconnecting an input shaft (16) with an output shaft (18), and an energy storage assembly (22). The storage assembly includes a plurality of elastomeric rods (44, 46) mounted for rotation and connected in series between the input and output shafts. The elastomeric rods are prestressed along their rotational or longitudinal axes to inhibit buckling of the rods due to torsional stressing of the rods in response to relative rotation of the input and output shafts.

Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI); Speranza, Donald (Canton, MI)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Near-term electric vehicle program. Phase II. Operation and maintenance manual  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A detailed description of the design, operation, and maintenance of the Integrated Test Vehicle (ITV) including instruments and controls, economy, safety and security, troubleshooting, and specifications is given. The ITV employs a dc traction motor and 18 lead-acid batteries which provide a nominal voltage of 108 Vdc. A microcomputer controls many vehicle electrical functions. The ITV is a four-passenger subcompact weighing 3320 lb curb weight with the capacity of carrying a 600 lb payload. The driving range is 75 miles on urban cycle, and the vehicle is equipped with a regenerative braking system. (WHK)

Not Available

1979-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Double acting stirling engine phase control  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mechanical device for effecting a phase change between the expansion and compression volumes of a double-acting Stirling engine uses helical elements which produce opposite rotation of a pair of crankpins when a control rod is moved, so the phase between two pairs of pistons is changed by +.psi. and the phase between the other two pairs of pistons is changed by -.psi.. The phase can change beyond .psi.=90.degree. at which regenerative braking and then reversal of engine rotation occurs.

Berchowitz, David M. (Scotia, NY)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Scanning Probe Recognition Microscopy -A New Tool for Quantitative Mapping of Nanoscale Properties in Regenerative Neural Cell Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Regenerative Neural Cell Systems Virginia M. Ayres, V. Tiryaki, Michigan State University; A. Khan, Western) [2] Astrocytes on 2D substrates have a pathological morphology (A). Astrocytes on 3D nanofibrillar Purdue University, and her B.A. in Physics and Biophysics from the Johns Hopkins University. She

Ayres, Virginia

309

A Preliminary Study of Energy Recovery in Vehicles by Using Regenerative Magnetic Shock Absorbers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Road vehicles can expend a significant amount of energy in undesirable vertical motions that are induced by road bumps, and much of that is dissipated in conventional shock absorbers as they dampen the vertical motions. Presented in this paper are some of the results of a study aimed at determining the effectiveness of efficiently transforming that energy into electrical power by using optimally designed regenerative electromagnetic shock absorbers. In turn, the electrical power can be used to recharge batteries or other efficient energy storage devices (e.g., flywheels) rather than be dissipated. The results of the study are encouraging - they suggest that a significant amount of the vertical motion energy can be recovered and stored.

R. B. Goldner; P. Zerigian; J. R. Hull

2001-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

310

Diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF all-solid-state femtosecond oscillator and regenerative amplifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An all-solid-state tunable diode-pumped Cr{sup 3+}:LiSrAlF{sub 6} (Cr:LiSAF) regenerative amplifier, seeded by a tunable diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF femtosecond oscillator, has been demonstrated for the first time to our knowledge. The oscillator was tunable over 75 nm and generated pulses as short as 24 fs. As much as 70 mW average output power was obtained with pulses of 40-fs duration. The amplifier produced recompressed pulses of less than 200-fs duration with energies exceeding 1{mu}J at a repetition rate as high as 25 kHz. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital Optical} {ital Society} {ital of} {ital America}.

Mellish, R.; Barry, N.P.; Hyde, S.C.W.; Jones, R.; French, P.M.W.; Taylor, J.R. [Femtosecond Optics Group, Department of Physics, Imperial College of Science and Technology, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom); van der Poel, C.J.; Valster, A. [Philips Optoelectronics Centre, Prof. Holstlaan 4, 5656 AA Eindhoven (Netherlands)

1995-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

Regenerative Fuel Cells: Renewable Energy Storage Devices Based on Neutral Water Input  

SciTech Connect

GRIDS Project: Proton Energy Systems is developing an energy storage device that converts water to hydrogen fuel when excess electricity is available, and then uses hydrogen to generate electricity when energy is needed. The system includes an electrolyzer, which generates and separates hydrogen and oxygen for storage, and a fuel cell which converts the hydrogen and oxygen back to electricity. Traditional systems use acidic membranes, and require expensive materials including platinum and titanium for key parts of the system. In contrast, Proton Energy Systems’ new system will use an inexpensive alkaline membrane and will contain only inexpensive metals such as nickel and stainless steel. If successful, Proton Energy Systems’ system will have similar performance to today’s regenerative fuel cell systems at a fraction of the cost, and can be used to store electricity on the electric grid.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Regeneratively cooled coal combustor/gasifier with integral dry ash removal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A coal combustor/gasifier is disclosed which produces a low or medium combustion gas fired furnances or boilers. Two concentric shells define a combustion air flows to provide regenerative cooling of the inner shell for dry ash operation. A fuel flow and a combustion air flow having opposed swirls are mixed and burned in a mixing-combustion portion of the combustion volume and the ash laden combustion products flow with a residual swirl into an ash separation region. The ash is cooled below the fusion temperature and is moved to the wall by centrifugal force where it is entrained in the cool wall boundary layer. The boundary layer is stabilized against ash re-entrainment as it is moved to an ash removal annulus by a flow of air from the plenum through slots in the inner shell, and by suction on an ash removal skimmer slot.

Beaufrere, A.H.

1982-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

313

CMVRTC: Past Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Past reseach projects Past reseach projects ABS Indication Lamp Study -- More to come... Brake Wear and Performance Test (BWPT) -- Performance-Based Brake Testers (PBBTs) are devices that can be used to evaluate the current braking capabilities of a vehicle through the measurement of brake forces developed as a vehicle engages in a braking event while on a PBBT machine. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMSCA) passed legislation on February 5, 2003, allowing a PBBT that meets the FMCSA functional specifications to be used as an enforcement tool. (Read more ...) Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT): Five-Axle Combination Tractor-Flatbed -- The HOVBT program was designed to provide information about the effect of gross vehicle weight (GVW) on braking performance. Because the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) limit the number of braking system defects that may exist for a vehicle to be allowed to operate on the roadways, the examination of the effect of brake defects on brake performance for increased loads is also relevant. The HOVBT program seeks to provide relevant information to policy makers responsible for establishing load limits, beginning with providing test data for a combination tractor/trailer. (Read more ... )

314

PRISM 2.0: Regional Energy and Economic Model Development and Initial Application, US-REGEN Model Documentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has developed a new energy-economy model of the United States under the PRISM 2.0 project called the U.S. Regional Economy, Greenhouse Gas, and Energy (US-REGEN) Model. The model combines a detailed dispatch and capacity expansion model of the United States electric sector with a high-level dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of the United States economy. ...

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

315

Regeneratively cooled coal combustor/gasifier with integral dry ash removal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A coal combustor/gasifier is disclosed which produces a low or medium combustion gas for further combustion in modified oil or gas fired furnaces or boilers. Two concentric shells define a combustion volume within the inner shell and a plenum between them through which combustion air flows to provide regenerative cooling of the inner shell for dry ash operation. A fuel flow and a combustion air flow having opposed swirls are mixed and burned in a mixing-combustion portion of the combustion volume and the ash laden combustion products flow with a residual swirl into an ash separation region. The ash is cooled below the fusion temperature and is moved to the wall by centrifugal force where it is entrained in the cool wall boundary layer. The boundary layer is stabilized against ash re-entrainment as it is moved to an ash removal annulus by a flow of air from the plenum through slots in the inner shell, and by suction on an ash removal skimmer slot.

Beaufrere, Albert H. (Huntington, NY)

1983-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

316

An electromagnetic and thermodynamic lumped parameter model of an explosively driven regenerative magnetohydrodynamic generator  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to develop a simple, yet accurate, lumped parameter mathematical model for an explosively driven magnetohydrodynamic generator that can predict the pulse power variables of voltage and current from startup through regenerative operation. The inputs to the model will be the plasma properties entering the generator as predicted by the explosive shock model of Reference [1]. The strategy used was to simplify electromagnetic and thermodynamic three dimensional effects into a zero dimensional model. The model will provide a convenient tool for researchers to optimize designs to be used in pulse power applications. The model is validated using experimental data of Reference [1]. An overview of the operation of the explosively driven generator is first presented. Then a simplified electrical circuit model that describes basic performance of the device is developed. Then a lumped parameter model that incorporates the coupled electromagnetic and thermodynamic effects that govern generator performance is described and developed. The model is based on fundamental physical principles and parameters that were either obtained directly from design data or estimated from experimental data. The model was used to obtain parameter sensitivities and predict beyond the limits observed in the experiments to the levels desired by the potential Department of Defense sponsors. The model identifies process limitations that provide direction for future research.

Morrison, J.L.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Optimization and Demonstration of a Solid Oxide Regenerative Fuel Cell System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single cell solid oxide regenerative fuel cells (SORFCs) have been demonstrated for over 1000 hours of operation at degradation rates as low as 0.5% per thousand hours for current densities as high as 300mA/cm{sup 2}. Efficiency levels (fuel cell power out vs. electrolysis power in) have been demonstrated in excess of 80% at 100mA/cm{sup 2}. All testing has been performed with metallic based interconnects and non-noble metal electrodes in order to limit fabrication costs for commercial considerations. The SORFC cell technology will be scaled up to a 1kW sized stack which will be demonstrated in Year 2 of the program. A self contained SORFC system requires efficient thermal management in order to maintain operating temperatures during exothermic and endothermic operational modes. The use of LiF as a phase change material (PCM) was selected as the optimum thermal storage medium by virtue of its superior thermal energy density by volume. Thermal storage experiments were performed using LiF and a simulated SORFC stack. The thermal storage concept was deemed to be technically viable for larger well insulated systems, although it would not enable a high efficiency thermally self-sufficient SORFC system at the 1 kW level.

James F. McElroy; Darren B. Hickey; Fred Mitlitsky

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

318

Performance calculations and research direction for a water enhanced regenerative gas turbine cycle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A cycle has been conceived that combines compressor cooling, humidification, and regenerative air heating with the added enhancement of direct injection of water into the air flow. In this cycle it is proposed that a fine mist of water be injected into the compressor air stream and a spray or film of water into the regenerator air stream. Water injection into the compressor air flow realizes several benefits: it cools the air flow, reducing the power required for compression and increasing the potential for exhaust heat recovery; it adds mass to the air stream, increasing the power produced by expansion; and it reduces the amount of cooling bleed air required by increasing the specific heat and decreasing the temperature of the cooling air stream. The greatest benefit would be derived from spraying a fine mist of water directly into the existing air flow into or before the compressor so that cooling and compression would occur simultaneously. This may be accomplished by entraining the water droplets in the inlet air flow or by introducing the water in stages during compression. An alternative and less technically challenging approach is to extract the air stream to a saturation chamber and then reintroduce the air stream into the compressor. This approach is not as desirable because it would increase the equipment cost and add a significant pressure drop penalty. The second use of water in this cycle is in water-assisted regeneration.

Rogers, L.H. [USDOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center, WV (United States); Archer, D.H. [Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Review of thermally regenerative electrochemical systems. Volume I. Synopsis and executive summary  

SciTech Connect

Thermally regenerative electrochemical systems (TRES) are closed systems that convert heat into electricity in an electrochemical heat engine that is Carnot cycle limited in efficiency. Past and present work on such systems is reviewed. Two broad classes of TRES are based on the types of energy inputs required for regeneration: thermal alone and coupled thermal and electrolytic. The thermal regeneration alone encompasses electrochemical systems (galvanic or fuel cells) in which one or more products are formed. The regeneration can be performed in single or multiple steps. The compounds include metal hydrides, halides, oxides, chalcogenides, and alloys or bimetallic systems. The coupled thermal and electrolytic regeneration encompasses electrochemical systems (galvanic or fuel cells) regenerated by electrolysis at a different temperature or different pressure. Examples include metal halides and water. Thermogalvanic or nonisothermal cells are included in this category. Also included are electrochemical engines in which the working electroactive fluid is isothermally expanded through an electrolyte. TRES cover temperature ranges from about 20/sup 0/C to 1000/sup 0/C. Engines with power outputs of 0.1 mW/cm/sup 2/ to 1 W/cm/sup 2/ have been demonstrated. Recommendations are made of areas of research in science and engineering that would have long-range benefit to a TRES program.

Chum, H. L.; Osteryoung, R. A.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

CX-002146: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

46: Categorical Exclusion Determination 46: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002146: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wind Turbine Electric Brake Project CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 02/22/2010 Location(s): Ohio Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office Parker Hannifin, Aircraft Wheel and Brake Division will use Congressionally Directed Funding through DOE to develop an electric brake system for wind turbine applications. Project activities will include additional testing and design work on the brake system prototype in a laboratory setting. Additional project activities will involve testing the prototype brake system on a currently installed 60 kilowatt turbine. A negotiated arrangement with a local wind turbine manufacturer (Green Energy Technologies) to evaluate the prototype brake on this turbine has been

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

CMVRTC: PBBT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

performance based Brake tester (PBBt) performance based Brake tester (PBBt) PBBT The ORNL's Center for Transportation Analysis, in collaboration with the FMCSA and the Tennessee Highway Patrol (THP) Commercial Vehicle Enforcement (CVE), conducted a Performance-Based Brake Tester (PBBT) Valuation Study. The purpose of the study was to determine the PBBT's ability to increase the number of contacts with commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) and explore how the PBBT affects the CMV out-of-service (OOS) rate. The PBBT is a roller dynamometer which measures the vehicle's established brake force and calculates brake efficiency to indicate the effectiveness of the vehicle's brakes. Several test scenarios were employed using North American Standard (NAS) Level-1, 2, and 3 CMV inspection criteria. The first three scenarios employed both an NAS inspection (Level-1, 2, or 3)

322

Regenerative fuel cells for High Altitude Long Endurance Solar Powered Aircraft  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) unmanned missions appear to be feasible using a lightweight, high efficiency, span-loaded, Solar Powered Aircraft (SPA) which includes a Regenerative Fuel Cell (RFC) system and novel tankage for energy storage. An existing flightworthy electric powered flying wing design was modified to incorporate present and near-term technologies in energy storage, power electronics, aerodynamics, and guidance and control in order to design philosophy was to work with vendors to identify affordable near-term technological opportunities that could be applied to existing designs in order to reduce weight, increase reliability, and maintain adequate efficiency of components for delivery within 18 months. The energy storage subsystem for a HALE SPA is a key driver for the entire vehicle because it can represent up to half of the vehicle weight and most missions of interest require the specific energy to be considerably higher than 200 W-hr/kg for many cycles. This stringent specific energy requirement precludes the use of rechargeable batteries or flywheels and suggests examination of various RFC designs. An RFC system using lightweight tankage, a single fuel cell (FC) stack, and a single electrolyzer (EC) stack separated by the length of a spar segment (up to 39 ft), has specific energy of {approximately}300 W-hr/kg with 45% efficiency, which is adequate for HALE SPA requirements. However, this design has complexity and weight penalties associated with thermal management, electrical wiring, plumbing, and structural weight. A more elegant solution is to use unitized RFC stacks (reversible stacks that act as both FCs and ECs) because these systems have superior specific energy, scale to smaller systems more favorably, and have intrinsically simpler thermal management.

Mitlitsky, F.; Colella, N.J.; Myers, B. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Anderson, C.J. [Aero Vironment, Inc., Monrovia, CA (United States)

1993-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

323

Spectral Filtering in a Diode-Pumped Nd:YLF Regenerative Amplifier Using a Volume Bragg Grating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Instrument-limited suppression of out-of-band Amplified Spontaneous Emission (ASE) is demonstrated in a Nd:YLF Diode-Pumped Regenerative Amplifier (DPRA) using a Volume Bragg Grating (VBG) as a spectrally selective reflective element. A VBG with 99.4% diffraction efficiency and 230-pm-FWHM reflection bandwidth produced a 43-pm-FWHM output spectral width in an unseeded DPRA compared to 150-pm FWHM in the same DPRA with no VBG. Instrument-limited ASE suppression is even observed when the DPRA seed pulse energy approaches the ASE background.

Okishev, A.V.; Dorrer, C.; Smirnov, V.I.; Glebov, L.B.; Zuegel, J.D.

2007-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

324

Vendor / Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brake Assessment Tools Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor...

325

Vendor / Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brake-Related Research Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor...

326

Passive Viscous Haptic Textures Gianni Campion Andrew H. C. Gosline Vincent Hayward  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

brakes e-mail: champ@cim.mcgill.ca e-mail:andrewg@cim.mcgill.ca e-mail:hayward@cim.mcgill.ca (ECB), which

Hayward, Vincent

327

Licenses Available in Energy & Utilities | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surgical Tools and Orthopedic Implants 200000789 Device for Separating CO2 from Fossil Power Plant Emissions 200000791 Wheel Reaction Force Sensing ApparatusWhole-Vehicle Brake...

328

PERFORMANCE STATISTICS WEIGHTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2006 Honda Civic VIN: JHMFA36216S019329 Seatbelt Positions: Five Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Space...

329

Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity - Hybrid Electric Vehicle and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

max speed, braking, & handling DOE - Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing * Fleet and accelerated reliability testing - 6 Honda Insights...

330

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Braking Energy Recovery (%) 14% City Trips ( < 5 stopsmile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 380 Number of trips 106 Distance traveled (mi) 237 Percent...

331

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stopsmile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 414 Number of trips 152 Distance traveled (mi) 131 Percent...

332

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stopsmile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 410 Number of trips 94 Distance traveled (mi) 307 Percent of...

333

Hydrogen Bus Technology Validation Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a Hydrogen Enriched CNG Production Engine Conversion”,from Hydrogen Enriched CNG Production Engines”, SAE 02FFL-dynamometer ..….13 Figure 2. CNG Brake Thermal Efficiency (

Burke, Andy; McCaffrey, Zach; Miller, Marshall; Collier, Kirk; Mulligan, Neal

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Fuel Quality and Metering: Current Status and Future Needs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Standards is charged with enforcing the quality standards for Gasoline, Diesel, Motor Oil, Coolants, Brake Fluid, ATF, and Hydrogen (Petroleum Products Program) The...

335

Energy harvesting Wheel Speed Sensor.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a prototype energy harvesting autonomous sensor, called the Autonomous Wheel Speed Sensor (AWSS), that is targeted for operation in the Electronic Braking… (more)

Parthasarathy, Dhasarathy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Components of MMCs Currently in Use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 2   Use of metal-matrix composites (MMCs) in automotive applications...Al/SiC p front brake rotors for an electric vehicle

337

Development of a Novel Air Hybrid Engine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An air hybrid vehicle is an alternative to the electric hybrid vehicle that stores the kinetic energy of the vehicle during braking in the form… (more)

Fazeli, Amir

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Download CX-002146: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wind Turbine Electric Brake Project CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 02222010 Location(s): Ohio Office(s):...

339

NIST Manuscript Publication Search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and wheel metal caused by failed axle bearings, locked brakes, or dragged blown tires. For the first experiment, heating to obtain tire ignition was ...

2012-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

340

NIST Manuscript Publication Search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... failed axle bearings, locked brakes, or dragged blown tires. Two experiments were conducted to determine the mode of penetration of a tire fire into ...

2012-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2010 Volkswagen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Golf TDI Bluemotion VIN: WVWZZZ1KZAW388111 Seatbelt Positions: 5 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control...

342

Prof. V. K. Srivastava Founder President, ICRACM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fiber Reinforced Silicon CarbideCarbon Fiber Reinforced Silicon Carbide (C/(C/SiCSiC)) ·C/C Brakes were

Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

343

Microsoft Word - ffort-09.html  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VIN: 2CIMR5299567000106 Seating Capacity: 4 Adults Features: AMFM Radio, Heater, Battery Thermal Management, Power Steering, Power Brakes, Front Wheel Drive, Front Disc...

344

Bio-based Deicing/Anti-Icing Fluids - Energy Innovation Portal  

Typically 50-80% lower corrosivity towards steel, various aerospace alloys, cadmium-coated parts and aircraft brakes; ... Applications and Industries.

345

Commercial thermal distribution systems, Final report for CIEE/CEC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design." Atlanta, American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, andRefrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers Brake horsepower Building Management System Constant air volume Center for Environmental Design

Xu, T.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Interim Project Results: United Parcel Service's Second-Generation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Application for Each Engine and Truck Manufacturer Hybrid Drive Unit Transmission InverterControls Partners Brakes (ABS) Eaton Hybrid Electric System UPS' hybrid-electric...

347

Gas Mileage Tips - Driving More Efficiently  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving More Efficiently Drive Sensibly frustrated driver Aggressive driving (speeding, rapid acceleration and braking) wastes gas. It can lower your gas mileage by 33 percent at...

348

Third-Party Evaluation of Petro Tex Hydrocarbons, LLC, ReGen Lubricating Oil Re-refining Process  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents an assessment of market, energy impact, and utility of the PetroTex Hydrocarbons, LLC., ReGen process for re-refining used lubricating oil to produce Group I, II, and III base oils, diesel fuel, and asphalt. PetroTex Hydrocarbons, LLC., has performed extensive pilot scale evaluations, computer simulations, and market studies of this process and is presently evaluating construction of a 23 million gallon per year industrial-scale plant. PetroTex has obtained a 30 acre site in the Texas Industries RailPark in Midlothian Texas. The environmental and civil engineering assessments of the site are completed, and the company has been granted a special use permit from the City of Midlothian and air emissions permits for the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.

Compere, A L [ORNL; Griffith, William {Bill} L [ORNL

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Micropower chemical fuel-to-electric conversion : a "regenerative flip" hydrogen concentration cell promising near carnot efficiency.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Although battery technology is relatively mature, power sources continue to impose serious limitations for small, portable, mobile, or remote applications. A potentially attractive alternative to batteries is chemical fuel-to-electric conversion. Chemical fuels have volumetric energy densities 4 to 10 times those of batteries. However, realizing this advantage requires efficient chemical fuel-to-electric conversion. Direct electrochemical conversion would be the ideal, but, for most fuels, is generally not within the state-of-the-science. Next best, chemical-to-thermal-to-electric conversion can be attractive if efficiencies can be kept high. This small investigative project was an exploration into the feasibility of a novel hybrid (i.e., thermal-electrochemical) micropower converter of high theoretical performance whose demonstration was thought to be within near-term reach. The system is comprised of a hydrogen concentration electrochemical cell with physically identical hydrogen electrodes as anode and cathode, with each electrode connected to physically identical hydride beds each containing the same low-enthalpy-of-formation metal hydride. In operation, electrical power is generated by a hydrogen concentration differential across the electrochemical cell. This differential is established via coordinated heating and passive cooling of the corresponding hydride source and sink. Heating is provided by the exothermic combustion (i.e., either flame combustion or catalytic combustion) of a chemical fuel. Upon hydride source depletion, the role of source and sink are reversed, heating and cooling reversed, electrodes commutatively reversed, cell operation reversed, while power delivery continues unchanged. This 'regenerative flip' of source and sink hydride beds can be cycled continuously until all available heating fuel is consumed. Electricity is efficiently generated electrochemically, but hydrogen is not consumed, rather the hydrogen is regeneratively cycled as an electrochemical 'working fluid'.

Wally, Karl

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Oxygen enriched combustion system performance study. Phase 2: 100 percent oxygen enriched combustion in regenerative glass melters, Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The field test project described in this report was conducted to evaluate the energy and environmental performance of 100% oxygen enriched combustion (100% OEC) in regenerative glass melters. Additional objectives were to determine other impacts of 100% OEC on melter operation and glass quality, and to verify on a commercial scale that an on-site Pressure Swing Adsorption oxygen plant can reliably supply oxygen for glass melting with low electrical power consumption. The tests constituted Phase 2 of a cooperative project between the United States Department of Energy, and Praxair, Inc. Phase 1 of the project involved market and technical feasibility assessments of oxygen enriched combustion for a range of high temperature industrial heating applications. An assessment of oxygen supply options for these applications was also performed during Phase 1, which included performance evaluation of a pilot scale 1 ton per day PSA oxygen plant. Two regenerative container glass melters were converted to 100% OEC operation and served as host sites for Phase 2. A 75 ton per day end-fired melter at Carr-Lowrey Glass Company in Baltimore, Maryland, was temporarily converted to 100% OEC in mid- 1990. A 350 tpd cross-fired melter at Gallo Glass Company in Modesto, California was rebuilt for permanent commercial operation with 100% OEC in mid-1991. Initially, both of these melters were supplied with oxygen from liquid storage. Subsequently, in late 1992, a Pressure Swing Adsorption oxygen plant was installed at Gallo to supply oxygen for 100% OEC glass melting. The particular PSA plant design used at Gallo achieves maximum efficiency by cycling the adsorbent beds between pressurized and evacuated states, and is therefore referred to as a Vacuum/Pressure Swing Adsorption (VPSA) plant.

Tuson, G.B.; Kobayashi, H.; Campbell, M.J.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and light emitting diode brake- light messaging. These technologies all focus on improving the signal- ance, sensor, radar, fluorescence, light emitting diode. I. INTRODUCTION As a compromise between · Radar reflection-enhanced license plates · Vehicle-to-vehicle light emitting diode (LED) brake- light

Gillespie, Brent

352

interleaved clocksignal ; PWM; current balance ;  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Berichte Nr. 689, 243 ­ 260, 2008. [46] von Wagner, U.: Nonlinear Dynamic Behaviour of a Railway Wheelset squeal with piezoelectric actuators. Proceedings of Braking 2009 York, 159 ­ 168, 2009 #12;[50] von.: Minimal Models for Squealing of Railway Block Brakes. Archive of Applied Mechanics 81, 503-511, 2011. [65

Paderborn, Universität

353

Curriculum Vitae DANIEL J. INMAN, Chair  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Berichte Nr. 689, 243 ­ 260, 2008. [46] von Wagner, U.: Nonlinear Dynamic Behaviour of a Railway Wheelset squeal with piezoelectric actuators. Proceedings of Braking 2009 York, 159 ­ 168, 2009 #12;[50] von.: Minimal Models for Squealing of Railway Block Brakes. Archive of Applied Mechanics 81, 503-511, 2011. [65

Eustice, Ryan

354

Symmetrical Symplectic Capacity with Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we first introduce the concept of symmetrical symplectic capacity for symmetrical symplectic manifolds, and by using this symmetrical symplectic capacity theory we prove that there exists at least one symmetric closed characteristic (brake orbit and $S$-invariant brake orbit are two examples) on prescribed symmetric energy surface which has a compact neighborhood with finite symmetrical symplectic capacity.

Liu, Chungen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0. Description of battery-powered electric vehicles 0. Description of battery-powered electric vehicles Vehicle type Description Micro or "mild" hybrid Vehicles with ICEs, larger batteries, and electrically powered auxiliary systems that allow the engine to be turned off when the vehicle is coasting or idle and then be quickly restarted. Regenerative braking recharges the batteries but does not provide power to the wheels for traction. Micro and mild hybrids are not connected to the electrical grid for recharging and are not considered as HEVs in this analysis. Full hybrid electric (HEV) Vehicles that combine an internal combustion engine with electric propulsion from an electric motor and battery. The vehicle battery is recharged by capturing some of the energy lost during braking. Stored energy is used to eliminate engine operation during idle, operate the vehicle at slow speeds for limited distances, and assist the ICE drivetrain throughout its drive cycle. Full HEV systems are configured in parallel, series, or power split systems, depending on how power is delivered to the drivetrain. HEVs are not connected to the electric grid for recharging.

356

A Bidirectional High-Power-Quality Grid Interface With a Novel Bidirectional Noninverted Buck Boost Converter for PHEVs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) will play a vital role in future sustainable transportation systems due to their potential in terms of energy security, decreased environmental impact, improved fuel economy, and better performance. Moreover, new regulations have been established to improve the collective gas mileage, cut greenhouse gas emissions, and reduce dependence on foreign oil. This paper primarily focuses on two major thrust areas of PHEVs. First, it introduces a grid-friendly bidirectional alternating current/direct current ac/dc dc/ac rectifier/inverter for facilitating vehicle-to-grid (V2G) integration of PHEVs. Second, it presents an integrated bidirectional noninverted buck boost converter that interfaces the energy storage device of the PHEV to the dc link in both grid-connected and driving modes. The proposed bidirectional converter has minimal grid-level disruptions in terms of power factor and total harmonic distortion, with less switching noise. The integrated bidirectional dc/dc converter assists the grid interface converter to track the charge/discharge power of the PHEV battery. In addition, while driving, the dc/dc converter provides a regulated dc link voltage to the motor drive and captures the braking energy during regenerative braking.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Regenerative amplification of picosecond 10-{mu}m pulses in a high-pressure optically pumped CO{sub 2} laser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A model is developed and numerical calculations are performed for the regenerative amplification of seed picosecond 10-{mu}m radiation pulses in a high-pressure optically pumped CO{sub 2} laser. It is established that by varying the cavity parameters, the conditions of efficient regenerative amplification may be optimised for the case of a relatively short-duration (50 ns) solid-state Cr:Er:YSGG laser and 'long-duration' (250 ns) electrodischarge chemical HF laser. It is shown that the schemes of a CO{sub 2} amplifier with optical pumping presented allow obtaining the pulses with the duration of 3ps, output energy of 1-5 mJ, and peak power of {approx}1 GW at the pump energy of 150-200 mJ. (lasers and amplifiers)

Gordienko, Vyacheslav M; Platonenko, Viktor T [Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

358

PRISM 2.0: Personal Transportation Module of the U.S. Regional Economy, Greenhouse Gas, and Energy (US-REGEN) Model: A Guide to Operation and Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The personal transportation/electric vehicle penetration module (Transportation Module) of the U.S. Regional Economy, Greenhouse Gas, and Energy (US-REGEN) integrated regional macroeconomic model is a structural economic model of personal vehicle purchase and driving behaviors that focuses on the adoption of electric vehicles. The module employs a representation of consumers’ demographics, existing vehicles, vehicle choices, and preferences for vehicle characteristics to model personal vehicle ...

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

359

PRISM 2.0: Estimating Energy Substitution Parameters for the U.S. Regional Economy, Greenhouse Gas, and Energy (US-REGEN) Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under the PRISM 2.0 Project, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) developed the U.S. Regional Economy, Greenhouse Gas, and Energy (US-REGEN) model that can assess the impact of various climate, energy, and environmental policies on the electric power sector, the energy system, and the overall U.S. economy. This model represents energy efficiency potential through elasticities of substitution between energy and capital. EPRI has contracted with M. K. Jaccard and Associates Inc. to determine ...

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

360

Regenerative amplification of femtosecond pulses: Design and construction of a sub-100fs, {mu}J laser system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Femtosecond lasers are a powerful tool for a wealth of applications in physics, chemistry and biology. In most cases, however, their use is fundamentally restricted to a rather narrow spectral range. This thesis deals with the construction and characterization of a femtosecond light source for spectroscopic applications which overcomes that restriction. It is demonstrated how the output of a continuously pumped Ti:sapphire femtosecond oscillator is amplified to the {mu}J level, while the pulse duration remains below 100fs. A combination of continuous pumping, acousto-optic switching and Ti:Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} as a gain medium allows amplification at high repetition rates. By focusing the high energy pulses into a sapphire crystal, a broad-band continuum can be generated, extended in wavelengths over several hundred nanometers. To accomplish amplification of three orders of magnitude while maintaining the pulse length, a regenerative multipass amplifier system was built. The thesis describes theoretical design, realization and characterization of the system. Theoretical calculations and preliminary measurements were carried out and allow a critical evaluation of the final performance.

Schumacher, A.B. [Universitaet Karlsruhe (Germany). Institut fuer Angewandte Physik]|[Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Regenerative Amplification of Femtosecond Pulses: Design andConstruction of a sub-100fs, muon J Laser System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Femtosecond lasers are a powerful tool for a wealth of applications in physics, chemistry and biology. In most cases, however, their use is fundamentally restricted to a rather narrow spectral range. This thesis deals with the construction and characterization of a femtosecond light source for spectroscopic applications which overcomes that restriction. It is demonstrated how the output of a continuously pumped Ti:sapphire femtosecond oscillator is amplified to the {mu}J level,while the pulse duration remains below 100 fs. A combination of continuous pumping, acousto-optic switching and Ti:Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} as a gain medium allows amplification at high repetition rates. By focusing the high energy pulses into a sapphire crystal, a broad-band continuum can be generated, extended in wavelengths over several hundred nanometers. To accomplish amplification of three orders of magnitude while maintaining the pulse length, a regenerative multipass amplifier system was built. The thesis describes theoretical design, realization and characterization of the system. Theoretical calculations and preliminary measurements were carried out and allow a critical evaluation of the final performance.

Schumacher, Andreas B.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi)¹ 111 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)² 71 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Wh/mi) 61 Total number of trips 1,135 Total distance traveled (mi) 4,408 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode³ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 22 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 296 Number of trips 264 Percent of trips city | highway 100% | 0% Distance traveled (mi) 781 Percent of total distance traveled 18% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 19 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 141 Number of trips 44 Percent of trips city | highway 96% | 4% Distance traveled CD | CS (mi) 333 | 389 Percent of total distance traveled CD | CS

363

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Overall AC electrical energy consumption (AC Wh/mi)¹ 93 Overall DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi)² 71 Overall DC electrical energy captured from regenerative braking (DC Wh/mi) 40 Total number of trips 11,047 Total distance traveled (mi) 119,879 Trips in Charge Depleting (CD) mode³ Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 25 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 208 Number of trips 4,491 Percent of trips city | highway 92% | 8% Distance traveled (mi) 30,376 Percent of total distance traveled 25% Trips in both Charge Depleting & Charge Sustaining (CD/CS) modes Gasoline fuel economy (mpg) 22 DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 71 Number of trips 1,352 Percent of trips city | highway 69% | 31% Distance traveled CD | CS (mi) 12,772 | 20,001 Percent of total distance traveled CD | CS

364

How Hybrids Work  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How Hybrids Work How Hybrids Work Diagram of full hybrid vehicle components, including (1) an internal combustion engine, (2) an electric motor, (3) a generator, (4) a power split device, and (5) a high-capacity battery. Flash Animation: How Hybrids Work (Requires Flash 6.0 or higher) HTML Version: How Hybrids Work Hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) combine the benefits of gasoline engines and electric motors and can be configured to obtain different objectives, such as improved fuel economy, increased power, or additional auxiliary power for electronic devices and power tools. Some of the advanced technologies typically used by hybrids include Regenerative Braking. The electric motor applies resistance to the drivetrain causing the wheels to slow down. In return, the energy from the

365

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9. Vehicle types that do not rely solely on a gasoline internal combustion engine for motive and accessory power 9. Vehicle types that do not rely solely on a gasoline internal combustion engine for motive and accessory power Vehicle type Description Micro hybrid Vehicles with gasoline engines, larger batteries, and electrically powered auxiliary systems that allow the engine to be turned off when the vehicle is coasting or idling and then quickly restarted. Regenerative braking recharges the batteries but does not provide power to the wheels for traction. Hybrid electric (gasoline or diesel) Vehicles that combine internal combustion and electric propulsion engines but have limited all-electric range and batteries that cannot be recharged with grid power. Diesel Vehicles that use diesel fuel in a compression-ignition internal combustion engine. Plug-in hybrid electric Vehicles that use battery power for driving some distance, until a minimum level of

366

Baseline and verification tests of the electric vehicle associates' current fare station wagon. Final test report, March 27, 1980-November 6, 1981  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The EVA Current Fare Wagon was manufactured by Electric Vehicle Associates, Incorporated (EVA) of Cleveland, Ohio. It is now available from Lectra Motors Corp. of Las Vegas, Nevada. The vehicle was tested under the direction of MERADCOM from 27 March 1980 to 6 November 1981. The tests are part of a Department of Energy project to assess advances in electric vehicle design. This report presents the performance test results on the EVA Current Fare Wagon. The EVA Current Fare Wagon is a 1980 Ford Fairmont station wagon which has been converted to an electric vehicle. The propulsion system is made up of a Cableform controller, a series-wound 30-hp Reliance Electric Motor, and 22 6-V lead-acid batteries. The Current Fare Wagon is also equipped with regenerative braking. Further details of the vehicle are given in the Vehicle Summary Data Sheet, Appendix A. The results of this testing are given in Table 1.

Dowgiallo, E.J. Jr.; Chapman, R.D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

The Patriot's hybrid-electric drivetrain  

SciTech Connect

Hybrid powertrain concepts are not new. Sailing ships carried auxiliary steam power on trans-Atlantic trips in the 19th Century. The 1917 Woods dual power'' automobile had a small internal combustion engine and supplementary electric drive featuring regenerative braking. But hybrid automobiles have not been successful in the automotive marketplace. For such vehicles to be successful, Chrysler officials believe a hybrid powertrain must be designed for the specific duty cycle of the vehicle; the vehicle-performance compromise must be acceptable to the customer; component efficiency and durability will have to be improved; and major component cost reductions will be required. This article describes how Chrysler is using a road-racing vehicle in the development of hybrid powertrains.

Jost, K.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Low cost electronic ultracapacitor interface technique to provide load leveling of a battery for pulsed load or motor traction drive applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A battery load leveling arrangement for an electrically powered system in which battery loading is subject to intermittent high current loading utilizes a passive energy storage device and a diode connected in series with the storage device to conduct current from the storage device to the load when current demand forces a drop in battery voltage. A current limiting circuit is connected in parallel with the diode for recharging the passive energy storage device. The current limiting circuit functions to limit the average magnitude of recharge current supplied to the storage device. Various forms of current limiting circuits are disclosed, including a PTC resistor coupled in parallel with a fixed resistor. The current limit circuit may also include an SCR for switching regenerative braking current to the device when the system is connected to power an electric motor.

King, Robert Dean (Schenectady, NY); DeDoncker, Rik Wivina Anna Adelson (Malvern, PA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Method and apparatus for controlling battery charging in a hybrid electric vehicle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A starter/alternator system (24) for hybrid electric vehicle (10) having an internal combustion engine (12) and an energy storage device (34) has a controller (30) coupled to the starter/alternator (26). The controller (30) has a state of charge manager (40) that monitors the state of charge of the energy storage device. The controller has eight battery state-of-charge threshold values that determine the hybrid operating mode of the hybrid electric vehicle. The value of the battery state-of-charge relative to the threshold values is a factor in the determination of the hybrid mode, for example; regenerative braking, charging, battery bleed, boost. The starter/alternator may be operated as a generator or a motor, depending upon the mode.

Phillips, Anthony Mark (Northville, MI); Blankenship, John Richard (Dearborn, MI); Bailey, Kathleen Ellen (Dearborn, MI); Jankovic, Miroslava (Birmingham, MI)

2003-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

370

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN AND OPTIMAL POWER CONTROL STRATEGY FOR AN ECO?FRIENDLY HYBRID VEHICLE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new concept for a hybrid vehicle using a torque and speed splitting technique. It is implemented by the newly developed controller in combination with a two degree of freedom epicyclic gear transmission. This approach enables optimization of the power split between the less powerful electrical motor and more powerful engine while driving a car load. The power split is fundamentally a dual?energy integration mechanism as it is implemented by using the epicyclic gear transmission that has two inputs and one output for a proper power distribution. The developed power split control system manages the operation of both the inputs to have a known output with the condition of maintaining optimum operating efficiency of the internal combustion engine and electrical motor. This system has a huge potential as it is possible to integrate all the features of hybrid vehicle known to?date such as the regenerative braking system

N. Mir Nasiri; Frederick T. A. Chieng

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Optimizing Energy Management Strategy and Degree of Hybridization for a Hydrogen Fuel Cell SUV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous work examined degree of hybridization on the fuel economy of a hybrid electric sport utility vehicle. It was observed that not only was the vehicle control strategy important, but that its definition should be coupled with the component sizing process. Both degree of hybridization and the energy management strategy have been optimized simultaneously in this study. Simple mass scaling algorithms were employed to capture the effect of component and vehicle mass variations as a function of degree of hybridization. Additionally, the benefits of regenerative braking and power buffering have been maximized using optimization methods to determine appropriate battery pack sizing. Both local and global optimization routines were applied to improve the confidence in the solution being close to the true optimum. An optimal configuration and energy management strategy that maximizes the benefit of hybridization for a hydrogen fuel cell hybrid SUV was derived. The optimal configuration was explored, and sensitivity to drive cycle in the optimization process was studied.

Keith Wipke Tony; Tony Markel; Doug Nelson

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Electric vehicle drive train with direct coupling transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric vehicle drive train includes an electric motor and an associated speed sensor, a transmission operable in a speed reduction mode or a direct coupled mode, and a controller responsive to the speed sensor for operating the transmission in the speed reduction mode when the motor is below a predetermined value, and for operating the motor in the direct coupled mode when the motor speed is above a predetermined value. The controller reduces the speed of the motor, such as by regeneratively braking the motor, when changing from the speed reduction mode to the direct coupled mode. The motor speed may be increased when changing from the direct coupled mode to the speed reduction mode. The transmission is preferably a single stage planetary gearbox.

Tankersley, Jerome B. (Fredericksburg, VA); Boothe, Richard W. (Roanoke, VA); Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Electric vehicle drive train with direct coupling transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric vehicle drive train includes an electric motor and an associated speed sensor, a transmission operable in a speed reduction mode or a direct coupled mode, and a controller responsive to the speed sensor for operating the transmission in the speed reduction mode when the motor is below a predetermined value, and for operating the motor in the direct coupled mode when the motor speed is above a predetermined value. The controller reduces the speed of the motor, such as by regeneratively braking the motor, when changing from the speed reduction mode to the direct coupled mode. The motor speed may be increased when changing from the direct coupled mode to the speed reduction mode. The transmission is preferably a single stage planetary gearbox. 6 figures.

Tankersley, J.B.; Boothe, R.W.; Konrad, C.E.

1995-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

374

Near-term electric test vehicle ETV-2. Phase II. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A unique battery-powered passenger vehicle has been developed that provides a significant improvement over conventional electric vehicle performance, particularly during stop-and-go driving. The vehicle is unique in two major respects: (1) the power system incorporates a flywheel that stores energy during regenerative braking and makes possible the acceleration capability needed to keep up with traffic without reducing range to unacceptable values; and (2) lightweight plastic materials are used for the vehicle unibody to minimize weight and increase range. These features were analyzed and demonstrated in an electric test vehicle, ETV-2. Characteristics of this vehicle are summarized. Information is presented on: vehicle design, fabrication, safety testing, and performance testing; power system design and operation; flywheel; battery pack performance; and controls and electronic equipment. (LCL)

Not Available

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Argon-ion-pumped and diode-pumped all-solid-state femtosecond Cr:LiSrAlF{sub 6} regenerative amplifiers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tunable femtosecond solid-state amplifier system that uses only 3 W of 488-nm argon-ion pump power has been demonstrated to deliver microjoule pulses at repetition rates up to 20 kHz, with a maximum pulse energy of 14 {mu}J obtained at 5 kHz. An all-solid-state, tunable, diode-pumped Cr:LiSrAlF{sub 6} regenerative amplifier has been demonstrated, for the first time to our knowledge, that amplifies femtosecond pulses to energies exceeding 1 {mu}J at up to a 16-kHz repetition rate.

Hyde, S.C.W.; Barry, N.P.; Mellish, R.; French, P.M.W.; Taylor, J.R. [Femtosecond Optics Group, Department of Physics, Imperial College of Science and Technology, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom); van der Poel, C.J.; Valster, A. [Philips Optoelectronics Centre, Prof. Holstlann 4, 5656 AA Eindhoven (Netherlands)

1995-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

Solar-MEC development program. Project 9103 third quarter progress report, March 1--May 31, 1978. [Desiccant wheel and regenerative heat exchange wheel performance  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During the third quarter of the Solar-MEC program, work continued on developing the computer model simulating the desiccant wheel behavior (Task 1) and assessing the performance of the regenerative heat exchange wheel (Task 3). This report specifically presents the results obtained using the computer model as an analytical tool to evaluate design and operating conditions to optimize the wheel's performance. It also contains evaluations of two different available heat transfer matrixes: the currently used aluminum honeycomb and a new product, a potentially less-expensive, corrugated aluminum material. The mathematical modeling and diagnostic evaluations and ways of improving the component and machine performance were identified and are described for both tasks.

Wurm, J.; Weil, S.A.; Zawacki, T.S.; Kinast, J.A.; Macriss, R.A.

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Power Modulation Investigation for High Temperature (175-200 degrees Celcius) Automotive Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles were re-introduced in the late 1990s after a century dominated by purely internal combustion powered engines[1]. Automotive players, such as GM, Ford, DaimlerChrysler, Honda, and Toyota, together with major energy producers, such as BPAmoco, were the major force in the development of hybrid electric vehicles. Most notable was the development by Toyota of its Prius, which was launched in Japan in 1997 and worldwide in 2001. The shift to hybrids was driven by the fact that the sheer volume of vehicles on the road had begun to tax the ability of the environment to withstand the pollution of the internal combustion engine and the ability of the fossil fuel industry to produce a sufficient amount of refined gasoline. In addition, the number of vehicles was anticipated to rise exponentially with the increasing affluence of China and India. Over the last fifteen years, major advances have been made in all the technologies essential to hybrid vehicle success, including batteries, motors, power control and conditioning electronics, regenerative braking, and power sources, including fuel cells. Current hybrid electric vehicles are gasoline internal combustion--electric motor hybrids. These hybrid electric vehicles range from micro-hybrids, where a stop/start system cuts the engine while the vehicle is stopped, and mild hybrids where the stop/start system is supplemented by regenerative braking and power assist, to full hybrids where the combustion motor is optimized for electric power production, and there is full electric drive and full regenerative braking. PSA Peugeot Citroen estimates the increased energy efficiency will range from 3-6% for the micro-hybrids to 15-25% for the full hybrids.[2] Gasoline-electric hybrids are preferred in US because they permit long distance travel with low emissions and high gasoline mileage, while still using the existing refueling infrastructure. One of the most critical areas in which technology has been advancing has been the development of electronics that can operate in the high temperature environments present in hybrid vehicles. The temperatures under the hood for a gasoline-electric hybrid vehicle are comparable to those for traditional internal combustion engines. This is known to be a difficult environment with respect to commercial-grade electronics, as there are surface and ambient temperatures ranging from 125 C to 175 C. In addition, some hybrid drive electronics are placed in even harsher environments, such as on or near the brakes, where temperatures can reach 250 C. Furthermore, number of temperature cycles experienced by electronics in a hybrid vehicle is different from that experienced in a traditional vehicle. A traditional internal combustion vehicle will have the engine running for longer periods, whereas a mild or micro-hybrid engine will experience many more starts and stops.[3] This means that hybrid automotive electronics will undergo more cycles of a potential wider temperature cycle than standard automotive electronics, which in turn see temperature cycles of 2 to 3 times the magnitude of the {Delta}T = 50 C-75 C experienced by commercial-grade electronics. This study will discuss the effects of these harsh environments on the failure mechanisms and ultimate reliability of electronic systems developed for gasoline-electric hybrid vehicles. In addition, it will suggest technologies and components that can reasonably be expected to perform well in these environments. Finally, it will suggest areas where further research is needed or desirable. Areas for further research will be highlighted in bold, italic type. It should be noted that the first area where further research is desirable is in developing a clearer understanding of the actual hybrid automotive electronics environment and how to simulate it through accelerated testing, thus: Developing specific mission profiles and accelerated testing protocols for the underhood environment for hybrid cars, as has previously been done for gasoline-powered vehicles, is an important area for further st

McCluskey, F. P.

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

378

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2010 Smart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Smart Smart Fortwo MHD VIN: WME4513341K406476 Seatbelt Positions: 2 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Front Disc Brakes Rear Drum Brakes Rear Wheel Drive Anti-Lock Brakes Traction Control Air Bags AM/FM Stereo with CD player Weights Design Curb Weight:1,818 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 1.742 lb Distribution F/R (%):44/56 GVWR: 2,244 lb GAWR F/R: 968/1,452 lb Payload 1 : 426 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb Dimensions Wheelbase: 73.5 in Track F/R: 50.5/54.5 in Length: 106.1 in Width: 61.4 in Height: 60.7 in Ground Clearance: 6.25 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in Tires Manufacturer: Continental Model: ContiproContact Size: Front -P155/60/R15

379

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mazda 3 Mazda 3 VIN: JMZBLA4G601111865 Seatbelt Positions: 5 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Front Disc Brakes Rear Disc Brakes Front Wheel Drive Anti-Lock Brakes Traction Control Air Bags AM/FM Stereo with CD Weights Design Curb Weight: 2,954 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 2,850 lb Distribution F/R (%): 63/37 GVWR: 4,050 lb GAWR F/R: 2,057/1,896 lb Payload 1 : 1,096 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb Dimensions Wheelbase: 103.9 in Track F/R: 60.4/59.8 in Length: 175.6 in Width: 69.1 in Height: 57.9 in Ground Clearance: 6.1 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in Tires Manufacturer: Yokohama Model: YK520 Size: P205/55R17 Pressure F/R: 35/33 psi

380

Layout 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE ROADSIDE TECHNOLOGY CORRIDOR October 2009 Issue !4 Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Office of Analysis, Research, and Technology "In about 96 percent of cases there was not a statistically significant degradation of the brakes during the FOT." (Page 1) "Nearly 64 percent of vehicles flagged by SIRIS were placed OOS, and fully 77 percent were found to exhibit one or more safety flaws." (Page 3) Brake Wear and Performance FOT The Oak Ridge National Laboratory com- pleted the Brake Wear and Performance Test (BWPT) field operation test (FOT) and data analysis in September 2009. This effort in- cluded assisting the Tennessee Department of Safety (TDOS) in the procurement and installa- tion of a Performance-Based Brake Testing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

VIN# JTNBB46K773007129 Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

K773007129 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.4 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 105 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 1,109 lbs Features: Four-wheel disk brakes ABS w...

382

VIN# JTNBB46K673006330 Vehicle Specifications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

K673006330 Vehicle Specifications Engine: 2.4 L 4-cylinder Electric Motor: 105 kW Battery: NiMH Seatbelt Positions: Five Payload: 1,109 lbs Features: Four-wheel disk brakes ABS w...

383

MaintenanceRecords  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testing Activity HEV Fleet Testing Date Mileage Description Cost 1142010 6,330 Changed oil and filter and inspected brake system 46.83 2112010 12,302 Changed oil and filter...

384

MonthlyReport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Braking Energy Recovery (%) 14% City Trips ( < 5 stopsmile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Whmi) 402 Number of trips 694 Distance traveled (mi) 1,450 Percent...

385

MLS Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas Zip 77598 Sector Wind energy Product Designs and makes pitch control systems for wind turbines and wind turbine brakes in US and UK under license from Antec SA. References...

386

Energy Demands and Efficiency Strategies in Data Center Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of 1. Figure 3-3 presents the design fan curve for one of 16be relatively minor. Building design fan curves indicate ato the building fan curves the design brake horsepower (BHP)

Shehabi, Arman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Observations of Breaking Surface Wave Statistics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Breaking surface waves were observed during the Surface Wave Process Program with a novel acoustical instrument that makes use of underwater ambient sound to track individual breaking events. The spatial and temporal statistics of braking waves ...

Li Ding; David M. Farmer

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

©2010 Maryland Public Television MotorWeek Transcripts Road...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

it sounds an alarm if you're too hard on the gas or brake. At 22,750 the 2010 Toyota Prius has a combined city-highway government fuel economy rating of 50 miles per gallon, the...

389

Particulate matter emissions from a DISI engine under cold-fast-idle conditions for ethanol-gasoline blends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an effort to build internal combustion engines with both reduced brake-specific fuel consumption and better emission control, engineers developed the Direct Injection Spark Ignition (DISI) engine. DISI engines combine ...

Dimou, Iason

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Vehicle Technologies Office: FY 2007 Progress Report for Advanced...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

meet future Federal emissions regulations. The primary goal of the Advanced Combustion Engine R&D Sub-Program is to improve the brake thermal efficiency of internal combustion...

391

MaintenanceRecords  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

brake system, and replaced coolant 134.85 252010 33292 Replaced and balanced tire 166.01 3162010 38459 Changed oil and filter 45.10 492010 40591 Reprogrammed...

392

MaintenanceRecords  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Activity HEV Fleet Testing Date Mileage Description Cost 11212012 1,582 Replaced one tire due to road hazard 201.66 12102012 4,291 Replaced brake line - under warranty NC 3...

393

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2011 Hyundai  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Hyundai Sonata VIN: KMEHC4A43BA004932 Seatbelt Positions: 5 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Front Disc...

394

Design and component integration of a T63-A-700 gas turbine engine test facility ; .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A gas turbine engine test cell was developed integrating an Allison T63-A-700 helicopter engine with a superflow water brake dynamometer power absorber. Design specifications were… (more)

Eckerle, Brian P.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Argonne TTRDC - D3 (Downloadable Dynamometer Database)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

transmission Standard 12V Battery for stop start capability Engine start-stop function: BAS Valeo system using the 12V battery Engine ON trigger: Brakes Report Presentation: APRF...

396

Number 346 October 2008 October, the eighth month in the old Roman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in aviation activities. "It Soon Got Very Dark and Quiet" Shortly after landing, a B777 had to apply heavy braking to avoid overtaking a slower aircraft during taxi to the gate. After this conflict, the Boeing

397

1-4244-0449-5/06/$20.00 2006 IEEE IPEMC 2006 Fig. 1 Prototype of piezoelectric actuator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

antiskid operation. However Boeing and Airbus decided to utilize electro magnetic brakes in currently inverters (pulse no./halfcycle =1) are the large volume and heavy weight of the resonant filter magnetic

Noé, Reinhold

398

MULTI-AGENT AUTONOMOUS PILOT FOR SINGLE-TRACK VEHICLES Dana Vrajitoru  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the rider also has an additional component using the centrifuge force to change direction acting on one of the control units of the vehicle, as for example, the gas, the brakes, the handlebars

Vrajitoru, Dana

399

Parameter Estimation and Supervisory Techniques for Robust Longitudinal Control of Heavy Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plot) and brake pressure in Volt at the front left wheel (fuel circuit is below 0.5 Volt). Although the actuators can,command (between 0 and 10 Volt), they were limited within a

Druzhinina, Maria; Moklegaard, Lasse; Stefanopoulou, Anna G.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Identification and Integration of Commercial Heavy Vehicle Retarders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plot) and brake pressure in Volt at the front left wheel (fuel circuit is below 0.5 Volt). Although the actuators can,command (between 0 and 10 Volt), they were limited within a

Druzhinina, Maria; Moklegaard, Lasse; Stefanopoulou, Anna G.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

HEV Fleet Testing - Honda Insight - Maintenance Sheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

35.96 672002 44,130 Four wheel brake service 177.78 8202002 53,249 Replace 12 volt accessory battery 70.00 11152002 58,228 60,000 mile service and replace 2 tires...

402

Just build it! : a fully functional concept vehicle using robotic wheels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interest in electric vehicle drive units is resurging with the proliferation of hybrid and electric vehicles. Currently emerging key-technologies are: in-wheel motors, electric braking, integrated steering activators and ...

Schmitt, Peter, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Motorized control for mirror mount apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motorized control and automatic braking system for adjusting mirror mount apparatus is disclosed. The motor control includes a planetary gear arrangement to provide improved pitch adjustment capability while permitting a small packaged design. The motor control for mirror mount adjustment is suitable for laser beam propagation applications. The brake is a system of constant contact, floating detents which engage the planetary gear at selected between-teeth increments to stop rotation instantaneously when the drive motor stops.

Cutburth, Ronald W. (Tracy, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Control for transient response of turbocharged engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

earlier. Future challenges include reducing emissions at affordable costs, low running costs and limited crude oil resources. Electric (EV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) are often considered as the most promising alternatives. Wider acceptance of pure... heats for dry air ? air-fuel equivalence ratio / eigenvalue ? optimisation cost function ? density ? time constant ? temperature Subscripts a pre-compressor act actual ad air drag air air amb ambient B brake / shaft b post-compressor brk braking c fuel...

Cieslar, Dariusz

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

405

Applications of IR Thermography in Capturing Thermal Transients and Other High-Speed Thermal Events  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The high-speed, snap-shot mode, and the external triggering capability of an IR camera allows thermal transients to be captured. These advanced features were used to capture thermal transients during electrical breakdown of ZnO varistors and to freeze the rotation of an automobile disk brake in order to study thermoplastic instability in the braking system. The IR camera also showed the thermoplastic effect during cyclic fatigue testing of a glass matrix composite.

Dinwiddie, R.B.; Graham, S.; Wang, H.

1999-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

406

Tape transport mechanism  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is provided for transporting, in a stepwise manner, tape between a feed reel and takeup reel. An indexer moves across the normal path of the tape displacing it while the tape on the takeup reel side of the indexer is braked. After displacement, the takeup reel takes up the displaced tape while the tape on the feed reel side of the indexer is braked, providing stepwise tape transport in precise intervals determined by the amount of displacement caused by the indexer.

Groh, Edward F. (Knoxville, Naperville, IL); McDowell, William (Knoxville, Downers Grove, IL); Modjeski, Norbert S. (Knoxville, Oak Lawn, IL); Keefe, Donald J. (Knoxville, Lemont, IL); Groer, Peter (Knoxville, TN)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Overview of electrochemical power sources for electric and hybrid-electric vehicles.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Electric and hybrid-electric vehicles are being developed and commercialized around the world at a rate never before seen. These efforts are driven by the prospect of vehicles with lower emissions and higher fuel efficiencies. The widespread adaptation of such vehicles promises a cleaner environment and a reduction in the rate of accumulation of greenhouse gases, Critical to the success of this technology is the use of electrochemical power sources such as batteries and fuel cells, which can convert chemical energy to electrical energy more efficiently and quietly than internal combustion engines. This overview will concentrate on the work being conducted in the US to develop advanced propulsion systems for the electric and hybrid vehicles, This work is spearheaded by the US Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) for electric vehicles and the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicle (PNGV) for hybrid-electric vehicles, both of which can be read about on the world wide web (www.uscar.tom). As is commonly known, electric vehicles rely strictly on batteries as their source of power. Hybrid-electric vehicles, however, have a dual source of power. An internal combustion engine or eventually a fuel cell supplies the vehicle with power at a relatively constant rate. A battery pack (much smaller than a typical electric-vehicle battery pack) provides the vehicle with its fast transient power requirements such as during acceleration. This hybrid arrangement maximizes vehicle fuel efficiency. Electric and hybrid-electric vehicles will also be able to convert the vehicle's change in momentum during braking into electrical energy and store it in its battery pack (instead of lose the energy as heat). This process, known as regenerative braking, will add to the vehicle's fuel efficiency in an urban environment.

Dees, D. W.

1999-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

408

Use of a thermodynamic cycle simulation to determine the difference between a propane-fuelled engine and an iso-octane-fuelled engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A thermodynamic cycle simulation of the four-stroke spark-ignition engine was used to determine the effects of variations in engine design and operating parameters on engine performance and emission characteristics. The overall objective was to use the engine cycle simulation to determine the difference between a propane-fuelled and an iso-octane-fuelled engine for the same operating conditions and engine specifications. A comprehensive parametric investigation was conducted to examine the effects of variations in load, speed, combustion duration, spark timing, equivalence ratio, exhaust gas recycle, and compression ratio for a 3.3 liter, Chrysler Minivan, V 6 engine operating on propane. Parameters were selected for the analysis. Variations in the brake specific fuel consumption, brake specific NOx emissions, and mean exhaust temperature were determined for both the propane-fuelled and the iso-octane-fuelled engines. Brake specific fuel consumption and mean exhaust temperature values for the propane-fuelled engine were consistently lower (3 to 5 %) than the corresponding values for the iso-octane-fuelled engine. Fuel structure did not have a significant effect on brake specific nitric oxide emissions. Predictions made from the simulation were compared with some of the available experimental results. Predicted brake torque and brake power showed acceptable quantitative agreement (less than 10 % variation) in the low engine speed range (1,000 to 3,000 rpm) and similar trends with the available experimental data.

Pathak, Dushyant

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

NIST FUNCTIONAL IMAGING FOR REGENERATIVE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... looking at this piece of coal and this is being focal ... on this is as low as – you can report lower ... system to basically drive boot for or a reporter thereof to ...

2012-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

410

User's guide to DIANE Version 2. 1: A microcomputer software package for modeling battery performance in electric vehicle applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

DIANE is an interactive microcomputer software package for the analysis of battery performance in electric vehicle (EV) applications. The principal objective of this software package is to enable the prediction of EV performance on the basis of laboratory test data for batteries. The model provides a second-by-second simulation of battery voltage and current for any specified velocity/time or power/time profile. The capability of the battery is modeled by an algorithm that relates the battery voltage to the withdrawn current, taking into account the effect of battery depth-of-discharge (DOD). Because of the lack of test data and other constraints, the current version of DIANE deals only with vehicles using fresh'' batteries with or without regenerative braking. Deterioration of battery capability due to aging can presently be simulated with user-input parameters accounting for an increase of effective internal resistance and/or a decrease of cell no-load voltage. DIANE 2.1 is written in FORTRAN language for use on IBM-compatible microcomputers. 7 refs.

Marr, W.W.; Walsh, W.J. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA). Energy Systems Div.); Symons, P.C. (Electrochemical Engineering Consultants, Inc., Morgan Hill, CA (USA))

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Increased fuel economy in transportation systems by use of energy management. Third year's program. Final report, May 1, 1976--July 1, 1976  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A report is given of the results accomplished during the third year of a three-year research program, the overall goal of which has been to conceive and evaluate practical ways to increase automobile fuel economy by energy management within the engine-transmission-vehicle system. The third year was devoted primarily to the detailed design, construction, and preliminary evaluation of a Flywheel Energy Management Powerplant (FEMP) installed in a Pinto. The vehicle has been built to experimentally verify performance simulations and to allow the practical aspects of a real flywheel vehicle to be studied. The FEMP consists basically of an internal combustion engine, a high-speed energy-storage flywheel, and a hydrostatic power-split continuously-variable transmission (CVT) system. The flywheel drives the car, and the engine comes on to ''recharge'' it (with efficient wide-open throttle operation) only when the flywheel speed drops below a predetermined value. The concept also permits effective and efficient regenerative braking. Computer simulations have indicated an improvement in city fuel mileage of about 50%, with improvements of 100% appearing feasible with further research. Preliminary testing of the car shows favorable performance.

Beachley, N.H.; Frank, A.A.

1976-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Energy efficiency of electric vehicles at the 1994 American Tour de Sol  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1994, the US Department of Energy, through Argonne National Laboratory`s Center for Transportation Research, sponsored energy-efficiency data collection from student, private, and professional electric vehicles during the American Tour de Sol (ATdS). The ATDS is a multiple-day road rally event, from New York City to Philadelphia. During each leg of the event, kilowatt-hour meters measured the efficiency of the electric vehicles (EVs), which averaged from 5.68 to 65.74 km/kWh. In addition to daily energy-usage measurements, some vehicles used a data-acquisition unit to collect second-by-second information. This showed, in one case, that 21% of the total energy was captured in regenerative braking. Some of the vehicles were also tested on a dynamometer for energy-efficiency, acceleration, and steady-state power ratings. This paper also compares the energy efficiency of the vehicles during the road rally to the dynamometer results. In almost all vehicles, there was an increase in energy efficiency when the vehicle was traveling over the road, due to the non-transient duty cycle and efficient driving techniques. The dynamometer testing also showed that some EVs are equal to or better than gasoline vehicles in performance and efficiency.

Quong, S.; Duoba, M.; Buitrago, C.; LeBlanc, N.; Larsen, R.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

An Optimization Model for Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The necessity for environmentally conscious vehicle designs in conjunction with increasing concerns regarding U.S. dependency on foreign oil and climate change have induced significant investment towards enhancing the propulsion portfolio with new technologies. More recently, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have held great intuitive appeal and have attracted considerable attention. PHEVs have the potential to reduce petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the commercial transportation sector. They are especially appealing in situations where daily commuting is within a small amount of miles with excessive stop-and-go driving. The research effort outlined in this paper aims to investigate the implications of motor/generator and battery size on fuel economy and GHG emissions in a medium-duty PHEV. An optimization framework is developed and applied to two different parallel powertrain configurations, e.g., pre-transmission and post-transmission, to derive the optimal design with respect to motor/generator and battery size. A comparison between the conventional and PHEV configurations with equivalent size and performance under the same driving conditions is conducted, thus allowing an assessment of the fuel economy and GHG emissions potential improvement. The post-transmission parallel configuration yields higher fuel economy and less GHG emissions compared to pre-transmission configuration partly attributable to the enhanced regenerative braking efficiency.

Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Composite-flywheel burst-containment study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A key component impacting total flywheel energy storage system weight is the containment structure. This report addresses the factors that shape this structure and define its design criteria. In addition, containment weight estimates are made for the several composite flywheel designs of interest so that judgements can be made as to the relative weights of their containment structure. The requirements set down for this program were that all containment weight estimates be based on a 1 kWh burst. It should be noted that typical flywheel requirements for regenerative braking of small automobiles call for deliverable energies of 0.25 kWh. This leads to expected maximum burst energies of 0.5 kWh. The flywheels studied are those considered most likely to be carried further for operational design. These area: The pseudo isotropic disk flywheel, sometimes called the alpha ply; the SMC molded disk; either disk with a carbon ring; the subcircular rim with cruciform hub; and Avco's bi-directional circular weave disk. The flywheel materials for the disk are S-glass; the subcircular rim is Kevlar over S-glass. Test data on flywheel bursts and containment failures were analyzed. Recommendations are made for further testing.

Sapowith, A.D.; Handy, W.E.

1982-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

415

Accounting for the Variation of Driver Aggression in the Simulation of Conventional and Advanced Vehicles (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses a method of accounting for realistic levels of driver aggression to higher-level vehicle studies, including the impact of variation in real-world driving characteristics (acceleration and speed) on vehicle energy consumption and different powertrains (e.g., conventionally powered vehicles versus electrified drive vehicles [xEVs]). Aggression variation between drivers can increase fuel consumption by more than 50% or decrease it by more than 20% from average. The normalized fuel consumption deviation from average as a function of population percentile was found to be largely insensitive to powertrain. However, the traits of ideal driving behavior are a function of powertrain. In conventional vehicles, kinetic losses dominate rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses. In xEVs with regenerative braking, rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses dominate. The relation of fuel consumption predicted from real-world drive data to that predicted by the industry-standard HWFET, UDDS, LA92, and US06 drive cycles was not consistent across powertrains, and varied broadly from the mean, median, and mode of real-world driving. A drive cycle synthesized by NREL's DRIVE tool accurately and consistently reproduces average real-world for multiple powertrains within 1%, and can be used to calculate the fuel consumption effects of varying levels of driver aggression.

Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

EAGLES 1.1: A microcomputer software package for analyzing fuel efficiency of electric and gasoline vehicles  

SciTech Connect

As part of the U.S. Department of Energy`s electric/hybrid vehicle research program, Argonne National Laboratory has developed a computer software package called EAGLES. This paper describes the capability of the software and its many features and potential applications. EAGLES version 1.1 is an interactive microcomputer software package for the analysis of battery performance in electric-vehicle applications, or the estimation of fuel economy for a gasoline vehicle. The principal objective of the electric-vehicle analysis is to enable the prediction of electric-vehicle performance (e.g., vehicle range) on the basis of laboratory test data for batteries. The model provides a second-by-second simulation of battery voltage and current for any specified velocity/time or power/time profile, taking into consideration the effects of battery depth-of-discharge and regenerative braking. Alternatively, the software package can be used to determine the size of the battery needed to satisfy given vehicle mission requirements (e.g., range and driving patterns). For gasoline-vehicle analysis, an empirical model relating fuel economy, vehicle parameters, and driving-cycle characteristics is included in the software package. For both types of vehicles, effects of heating/cooling loads on vehicle performance can be simulated. The software package includes many default data sets for vehicles, driving cycles, and battery technologies. EAGLES 1.1 is written in the FORTRAN language for use on IBM-compatible microcomputers.

Marr, W.M.

1994-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

Accounting for the Variation of Driver Aggression in the Simulation of Conventional and Advanced Vehicles (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation discusses a method of accounting for realistic levels of driver aggression to higher-level vehicle studies, including the impact of variation in real-world driving characteristics (acceleration and speed) on vehicle energy consumption and different powertrains (e.g., conventionally powered vehicles versus electrified drive vehicles [xEVs]). Aggression variation between drivers can increase fuel consumption by more than 50% or decrease it by more than 20% from average. The normalized fuel consumption deviation from average as a function of population percentile was found to be largely insensitive to powertrain. However, the traits of ideal driving behavior are a function of powertrain. In conventional vehicles, kinetic losses dominate rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses. In xEVs with regenerative braking, rolling resistance and aerodynamic losses dominate. The relation of fuel consumption predicted from real-world drive data to that predicted by the industry-standard HWFET, UDDS, LA92, and US06 drive cycles was not consistent across powertrains, and varied broadly from the mean, median, and mode of real-world driving. A drive cycle synthesized by NREL's DRIVE tool accurately and consistently reproduces average real-world for multiple powertrains within 1%, and can be used to calculate the fuel consumption effects of varying levels of driver aggression.

Neubauer, J.; Wood, E.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Extending the Constant Power Speed Range of the Brushless DC Motor through Dual Mode Inverter Control -- Part I: Theory and Simulation  

SciTech Connect

An inverter topology and control scheme has been developed that can drive low-inductance, surface-mounted permanent magnet motors over the wide constant power speed range required in electric vehicle applications. This new controller is called the dual-mode inverter control (DMIC) [1]. The DMIC can drive either the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine (PMSM) with sinusoidal back emf, or the brushless dc machine (BDCM) with trapezoidal emf in the motoring and regenerative braking modes. In this paper we concentrate on the BDCM under high-speed motoring conditions. Simulation results show that if all motor and inverter loss mechanisms are neglected, the constant power speed range of the DMIC is infinite. The simulation results are supported by closed form expressions for peak and rms motor current and average power derived from analytical solution to the differential equations governing the DMIC/BDCM drive for the lossless case. The analytical solution shows that the range of motor inductance that can be accommodated by the DMIC is more than an order of magnitude such that the DMIC is compatible with both low- and high-inductance BDCMs. Finally, method is given for integrating the classical hysteresis band current control, used for motor control below base speed, with the phase advance of DMIC that is applied above base speed. The power versus speed performance of the DMIC is then simulated across the entire speed range.

Lawler, J.S.

2001-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

419

TMV Technology Capabilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TMV Technology Capabilities TMV Technology Capabilities Brake Stroke Monitor Brake monitoring systems are proactive maintenance systems that provide instant identification of wheel specific, out-of-adjustment, non-functioning or dragging brake issues. AC Shore Power Since the TMV is equipped with DC power in-vehicle, shore power is needed to 1) charge the batteries that supply power to those outlets and 2) be used when running off battery power is not necessary FMCSA Laptop The laptop contains key software which helps enforcement officials perform inspections, look up information, etc. This computer also contains software for the USDOT # reader. Electronic On-Board Recorder EOBRs remove the need for paper logs by automatically recording duty status and location. EOBRs help

420

Heel and toe driving on fuel cell vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for providing nearly instantaneous power in a fuel cell vehicle. The method includes monitoring the brake pedal angle and the accelerator pedal angle of the vehicle, and if the vehicle driver is pressing both the brake pedal and the accelerator pedal at the same time and the vehicle is in a drive gear, activating a heel and toe mode. When the heel and toe mode is activated, the speed of a cathode compressor is increased to a predetermined speed set-point, which is higher than the normal compressor speed for the pedal position. Thus, when the vehicle brake is removed, the compressor speed is high enough to provide enough air to the cathode, so that the stack can generate nearly immediate power.

Choi, Tayoung; Chen, Dongmei

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Utilizing fly ash particles to produce low-cost metal matrix composites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metal matrix composites (MMCs) are a blend of fine ceramic particles mixed with metals such as aluminium or magnesium. Fly ash is considerably cheaper than ceramics; aluminium-fly ash composites cost less than 60% of conventional aluminium-SiC composites making them attractive to automakers striving for lower weight and cheaper materials for brake rotors or brake drums. Ultalite.com has consulted with US researchers to to find the optimum requirements of the fly ash needed to make MMCs. Particle size 20-40 microns, low calcium oxide content and spherical particles were identified. The desired particles once extracted are stirred into molten aluminum and the resulting composite is into ingots for shipment to a casting facility. Dynamometer testing has shown that aluminium-fly ash composite brake drums have better performance and wear than cast iron drums. 6 figs., 1 tab.

Withers, G. [Ultalite.com, Melbourne, Vic. (Australia)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

MTDC Safety Sensor Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MTDC Safety Sensor Technology MTDC Safety Sensor Technology Background Beyond the standard duty cycle data collection system used in the Department of Energy's Medium Truck Duty Cycle program, additional sensors were installed on three test vehicles to collect several safety-related signals of interest to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. The real-time brake stroke, tire pressure, and weight information obtained from these sensors is expected to make possible a number of safety-related analyses such as determining the frequency and severity of braking events and tracking tire pressure changes over time. Because these signals are posted to the vehicle's databus, they also have the potential to be

423

Vendor / Technology A  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electronic Machines Corporation Electronic Machines Corporation Smart Infrared Inspection System Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Smart Infrared Inspection System (SIRIS) * Grant for a demonstration of thermal imaging technologies - Identify, in real time, faults and failures in tires, brakes and bearings mounted on commercial motor vehicles - Employ system along the interstate - Explore whether statistical tools can be developed that can predict impending tire, brake, or bearing failures SIRIS - Details * $1.4 M Research Grant * 3-year Project * Grant competitively awarded September 2006 to IEM, Inc. of Troy, NY * Supplemental $500K from NYSERDA for improved high

424

Ken Dragoon Northwest Power and Conservation Council  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boiler #12; Resistive load banks provide alternative to spilling hydro energy without dissolved gas-mainstem projects. 9 #12;10 3 MW Commercial Resistive Load Bank 1,200 MW Chief Joseph Dynamic Brake 3 MW Electric Displacement 2. Reduce Total Dissolved Gas Levels 3. Transmission Trading Enhancements 4. Mini Energy Imbalance

425

Energy Research and Development Division FINAL PROJECT REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The company developed a 15-liter high pressure direct injection engine that is powered by liquefied natural and testing of the Westport High Pressure Direct Injection liquefied natural gas heavy duty engine and California Air Resources Board emission standards of 0.20 grams per brake horsepower-hour nitrogen oxides

426

Role of Friction in Materials Selection for Automotive Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is an invited article for a special issue of the ASM International monthly magazine that concerns "Automotive Materials and Applications." The article itself overviews frictional considerations in material selection for automobiles. It discusses implications for energy efficiency (engine friction) and safety (brakes) among other topics.

Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

"Are You Getting Your Money's Worth?" CC ONSUMERONSUMER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pumps. We also test the quality of; gasoline, diesel fuel, motor oil, and brake fluid you didn't get. · When buying gasoline, look at the pump reading before the start of fuel delivery. The reading should be cleared and the pump set at zero be- fore you dispense fuel. · Check your receipts

428

Notes 12. (a) Annular pressure (damper) seals, and (b) Hydrostatic journal bearings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mechanism of centering stiffness in seals. Force coefficients for short-length pressure seals. Design of annular seals: swirl brakes, impact on rotordynamics. Hydrostatic bearings in modern applications. The principle of hydrostatic lubrication. Effects of recess volume-fluid compressibility on force coefficients for operation at low and high frequencies. Applications of hydrostatic bearings

San Andres, Luis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Combustion joining of refractory materials: Carboncarbon composites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combustion joining of refractory materials: Carbon­carbon composites Jeremiah D.E. White Department­carbon composite is achieved by employing self-sustained, oxygen-free, high-temperature combustion reactions to a used "core" to produce a brake that meets the performance specifications. The combustion-joining (CJ

Mukasyan, Alexander

430

N d'ordre : 69 -2011 Anne 2010/2011 THESE DE L`UNIVERSITE DE LYON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; __________________________________________________________________________________________ Title : Study of reliability and aging of supercapacitor storage system for partial and punctual. Summary: The first objective of the HYBUS project is to integrate a supercapacitor storage system an energy storage system, composed by a huge number of supercapacitors, for the recovery of the braking

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

431

Delayed Planting Considerations for Corn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quite a bit of Indiana’s corn crop remains to be planted, especially in southern Indiana, due to the current rainy spell that put the brakes on what had been a very rapid planting pace. As of 11 May, 42 % of Indiana’s intended corn acreage was yet to be planted (USDA-NASS,

John Obermeyer; Entomology Dept; Tony Vyn; Agronomy Dept

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

The Estimation of Wind Turbine Pitch Angle Based on ANN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variable-speed and constant-frequency (VSCF) pitch-controlled wind turbine is believed to be superior to other types of wind turbine due to its features such as high efficiency and ideal starting and braking performance, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) ... Keywords: VSCF, ANN, pitch angle, Pitch-controlled system

Yanping Liu; Shuhong Liu; Hongmei Guo; Huajun Wang

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Few people were left unaffected by the soaring oil prices of summer 2008. Motorists were the hardest hit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engine operating at constant speed. Braking recharges the battery, which helps to reduce fuel costs and the electrolyte that ultimately destroys the battery. Plus, electric cars cost a lot. Despite these weaknesses, hy for their food as higher transport costs were passed on from the retailer to the consumer. Sincethen

Andelman, David

434

Peak Power Bi-directional Transfer From High Speed Flywheel to Electrical Regulated Bus Voltage System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a suitable EV power supply. Industry experts have concluded that practical EVs must have energy storage's batteries can be extended considerably by supplying peak energy requirements from a secondary source to an external power supply, the braking energy must be stored `on board'. Advanced lead-acid batteries provide

Szabados, Barna

435

University of Southampton Research Repository ePrints Soton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

controlled brakes and steering [15], hybrid electric vehicles [16] or hybrid railway traction system [17. on Magnetics, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 334­339, 1999. [6] W. Moon and I. Busch-Vishniac, "Modeling of piezoelectric: application to a railway traction device," IMechE J. Systems and Control Engineering, Part I, vol. 220, pp

436

This article was downloaded by:[Feng, W. J.] On: 5 June 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

controlled brakes and steering [15], hybrid electric vehicles [16] or hybrid railway traction system [17. on Magnetics, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 334­339, 1999. [6] W. Moon and I. Busch-Vishniac, "Modeling of piezoelectric: application to a railway traction device," IMechE J. Systems and Control Engineering, Part I, vol. 220, pp

Pan, Ernie

437

List of Publications Utz von Wagner  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

controlled brakes and steering [15], hybrid electric vehicles [16] or hybrid railway traction system [17. on Magnetics, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 334­339, 1999. [6] W. Moon and I. Busch-Vishniac, "Modeling of piezoelectric: application to a railway traction device," IMechE J. Systems and Control Engineering, Part I, vol. 220, pp

Berlin,Technische Universität

438

Journal of Solid State Chemistry 176 (2003) 273278 Preparation, crystal structure and electrorheological performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

attention because of their potential usage in devices such as valves, dampers, clutches, brakes, or robotic electric field, the polarization is believed to play an important role; and the particle dielectric of the particles. The contribution of conduction to ER activity is low, and the electric properties of these ER

Gao, Song

439

1999 Toyota RAV 4 EV Performance Characterization: Panasonic NiMH Battery -- Conductive Charging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report characterizes the performance of the 1998 and 1999 Toyota RAV 4 conductively-charged electric vehicle models equipped with Panasonic Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) batteries. The tests performed were: weight certification, range, state of charge meter evaluation, sound level, acceleration, maximum speed, braking, power quality evaluation, and charger performance.

1999-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

440

CH019 --Revised January 2003 1 Asbestos at the Work Site  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

used as boiler and pipe insulation. Asbestos was used in many other building materials, including wall to structural steel and concrete for fire protection and as insulation. Asbestos-containing products were also insulation. Some brake pads, clutch plates and automotive and industrial gaskets and valve packing materials

Seldin, Jonathan P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Brief paper: Speed regulation with measured output feedback in the control of heavy haul trains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach of output regulation with measurement feedback is proposed for the control of heavy haul trains. The objective is to regulate all cars' speeds to a prescribed speed profile. The output regulation problem of nonlinear systems with measurement ... Keywords: ECP braking system, Heavy haul trains, Measured output feedback, Output regulation, Quadratic programming

X. Zhuan; X. Xia

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Registered Student Organizations Resource Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, focus on encouraging brake pad manufacturers to reduce the use of copper. The effectiveness of most system. The road dust and dirt quality is affected by vehicle fluid drips and spills (e.g., gasoline, oils) and vehicle exhaust, along with various vehicle wear, local soil erosion, and pavement wear

443

CSEM WP 118 The Impact of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the externality affects (such as changes in manufacturing jobs and trade Vehicle Fleet Mix Trade balances National of the vehicle to direction from the steering wheel and brakes. Thus the driver responds to a visible need transportation, communication, manufacturing, enter- tainment, education, etc., within outlying communities

California at Berkeley. University of

444

Efficient high density train operations  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides methods for preventing low train voltages and managing interference, thereby improving the efficiency, reliability, and passenger comfort associated with commuter trains. An algorithm implementing neural network technology is used to predict low voltages before they occur. Once voltages are predicted, then multiple trains can be controlled to prevent low voltage events. Further, algorithms for managing inference are presented in the present invention. Different types of interference problems are addressed in the present invention such as "Interference. During Acceleration", "Interference Near Station Stops", and "Interference During Delay Recovery." Managing such interference avoids unnecessary brake/acceleration cycles during acceleration, immediately before station stops, and after substantial delays. Algorithms are demonstrated to avoid oscillatory brake/acceleration cycles due to interference and to smooth the trajectories of closely following trains. This is achieved by maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid unnecessary braking/accelerating. These methods generate smooth train trajectories, making for a more comfortable ride, and improve train motor reliability by avoiding unnecessary mode-changes between propulsion and braking. These algorithms can also have a favorable impact on traction power system requirements and energy consumption.

Gordon, Susanna P. (Oakland, CA); Evans, John A. (Hayward, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Real-time scheduling with regenerative energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates real-time scheduling in a system whose energy reservoir is replenished by an environmental power source. The execution of tasks is deemed primarily energy-driven, i.e., a task may only respect its deadline if its energy demand can be satisfied early enough. Hence, a useful scheduling policy should account for properties of the energy source, capacity of the energy storage as well as power dissipation of the single tasks. We show that conventional scheduling algorithms (like e.g. EDF) are not suitable for this scenario. Based on this motivation, we state and prove optimal scheduling algorithms that jointly handle constraints from both energy and time domain. Furthermore, an offline schedulability test for a set of periodic or even bursty tasks is presented. Finally, we validate the proposed theory by means of simulation and compare our algorithms with the classical Earliest Deadline First Algorithm. 1.

C. Moser; D. Brunelli; L. Thiele; L. Benini

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Operation of a third generation wind turbine  

SciTech Connect

A modern wind turbine was installed on May 26, 1982, at the USDA Conservation and Production Research Laboratory, Bushland, Texas. This wind machine was used to provide electrical energy for irrigation pumping and other agricultural loads. The wind turbine purchased for this research is an Enertech Model 44, manufactured by Enertech Corporation, Norwich, Vermont. The horizontal-axis wind turbine has a 13.4 m diameter, three-bladed, fixed-pitch rotor on a 24.4-m tower. The blades are laminated epoxy-wood, and are attached to a steel hub. A 25-kW induction generator provides 240 V, 60 Hz, single-phase electrical power. The wind turbine operated 64 percent of the time, while being available to operate over 94 percent of the time. The unit had a net energy production of over 80,000 kWh in an average windspeed of 5.9 m/s at a height of 10 m in a 16-month period. The blade pitch was originally offset two degrees from design to maintain power production within the limitations of the gearbox, generator, and brakes. A maximum output of 23.2 kW averaged over a 15-second period indicated that with a new brake, the system was capable of handling more power. After a new brake was installed, the blade pitch was changed to one degree from design. The maximum power output measured after the pitch change was 29.3 kW. Modified blade tip brakes were installed on the wind turbine on July 7, 1983. These tip brakes increased power production at lower windspeeds while reducing power at higher windspeeds.

Vosper, F.C.; Clark, R.N.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Electric-powered passenger vehicle design study program. Task 1. Tradeoff studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Using the baseline vehicle and power system design established previously to meet the performance goals of the program, three power system computer simulation programs were prepared for the basic vehicle tradeoff studies. These programs simulate the performance of the power system and vehicle over different types of driving conditions such as maximum power acceleration, deceleration, city driving cycles, and hill climbing, and permit accurate determination of the benefits of the unique hybrid power system, the total energy required for the suburban city driving cycle, and the extremes of the operating envelopes of the components so that component design options can be defined and studied. Component design tradeoff studies were conducted, including sensitivity studies to show the criticality of the various losses and unknowns in the analytical models. Also, preliminary vehicle layout studies were performed to determine the best locations of the power system and the batteries. Three basic design options are identified for further study. Economic studies were initiated using analytical models to establish the complete vehicle weight and cost breakdowns. Preliminary reliability and safety studies were completed, and maintainability and safety certification criteria established. The detailed analysis of the power system has verified the feasibility of the system and of the performance expectations. Also, the feasibility of energy recovery from regenerative braking has been confirmed. The sensitivity analysis of the power system shows that sufficient margin for unknown design variables is provided. The preliminary economic analysis indicates that the most difficult objective of the study will be the selection of the cost and weight relationships which are required to achieve the overall cost objectives.

Rowlett, B.H.

1976-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

448

Microsoft PowerPoint - Denison Status.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DENISON TURBINE DENISON TURBINE REHABILITATION PLANNING REHABILITATION PLANNING Status Report Southwestern Federal Hydropower Conference 10 June 2010 By: Charlie Allen Chief, Turbomachinery Section y Hydroelectric Design Center US Army Corps of Engineers BUILDING STRONG ® Historic Context Historic Context Late 1990's: Index Testing, 4% Efficiency Decrease g y Early 2000's: Generator Uprate Study Mid 2000's: Generator Rewinds Completed Capacity increase from 42.3 KVA to 53.5 KVA Capacity increase from 42.3 KVA to 53.5 KVA BUILDING STRONG ® PORTLAND DISTRICT 2 Unit Condition Unit Condition Units installed in late 1940's Badly Corroded Wicket Gates, Facing Plates, Stay Vanes Excessive Wicket Gate Leakage Brake Speed Switches reset to compensate Brake Speed Switches reset to compensate Runner Blade Entrance Edge Cavitation

449

Hybrid: Cruising  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Button Cruising button highlighted Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar Button Cruising button highlighted Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar CRUISING The gasoline engine powers the vehicle at cruising speeds and, if needed, provides power to the battery for later use. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is moving. There are red arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the front wheels. There are blue arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the electric motor to the battery. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is moving. There are red arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the front wheels. There are blue arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the electric motor to the battery.

450

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

.eU) , .eU) , u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION RECIPIENT: Parker Hannifin, Aircraft Wheel and Brake Diy PROJECT TITl.E: Wind Turbine Electric Brake project Page 1 of2 STATE: OH Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Pro<:urement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number COP DE-EEOOOO296 GF0-10-053 0 Based on my review orthe information concerning tbe proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer- (autboriztd under DOE Order 4SI.1A), I have made the following determination: ex, EA, [IS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: B3.6 Siting. construction (or modification). operation . and decommissioning of facilities for indoor bench-scale research projects and conventional laboratory operations (for example. preparation of chemical standards and sample analysis):

451

DOE Commercial Reference Buildings Summary of Changes Between Versions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Buildings Buildings Summary of Changes between Versions November 2012 1 Applicable Model(s) Change Changes from version 1.2_4.0 to 1.3_5.0 All Transitioned from EnergyPlus 4.0 to EnergyPlus 5.0 All For fan power calculations, fan nameplate horsepower corrected from 90% brake horsepower to 110% brake horsepower All Removed multipliers on roof surface infiltration because EnergyPlus now counts the roof surface in infiltration per exterior surface area calculations All Added parking lot exterior lighting All Updated headers to reflect new name for technical report reference All models with DX cooling Changed COP calculation to remove fan power at ARI conditions, not max. allowable fan power (see Ref. Bldgs. Technical Report for more info.) All models with DX cooling Changed cooling performance curves to reflect

452

Microsoft Word - solcar95.html  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FORCE FORCE VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS CONVERTED VEHICLE Base Vehicle: 1995 Geo Metro VIN:2C1MR529XS6783464 Seatbelt Positions: Three Standard Features: Power Brakes Front Disk Brakes Front Wheel Drive Dual Air Bags AM/FM Stereo Radio w/Cassette Electric Heater Options as Tested: None BATTERY Manufacturer: GM Ovonic Type: 13.2EV85 Nickel Metal Hydride Number of Modules: 14 Weight of Module: 18 kg Weight of Pack(s): 254 kg Pack Locations: Undertrunk/Underhood Nominal Module Voltage: 13.2 V Nominal System Voltage: 185 V Nominal Capacity (1C): 85 Ah WEIGHTS Design Curb Weight: 2246 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 2304 lbs Distribution F/R: 50/50 % GVWR: 2755 lbs GAWR F/R: 1432/1366 lbs Payload: 451 lbs Performance Goal: 664 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 93.5 inches

453

Hybrid: Cruising  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Button Cruising button highlighted Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar Button Cruising button highlighted Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar CRUISING The gasoline engine powers the vehicle at cruising speeds and, if needed, provides power to the battery for later use. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is moving. There are red arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the front wheels. There are blue arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the electric motor to the battery. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is moving. There are red arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the front wheels. There are blue arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the electric motor to the battery.

454

Full Hybrid: Overview  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

highlighted Starting button Low Speed button Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button highlighted Starting button Low Speed button Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button OVERVIEW Full hybrids use a gasoline engine as the primary source of power, and an electric motor provides additional power when needed. In addition, full hybrids can use the electric motor as the sole source of propulsion for low-speed, low-acceleration driving, such as in stop-and-go traffic or for backing up. This electric-only driving mode can further increase fuel efficiency under some driving conditions. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

455

Hybrid: Passing  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Button Passing button highlighted Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar Button Passing button highlighted Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar PASSING During heavy accelerating or when additional power is needed, the gasoline engine and electric motor are both used to propel the vehicle. Additional power from the battery is used to power the electric motor as needed. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is passing another vehicle. There are red arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the front wheels. There are blue arrows flowing from the battery to the electric engine to the front wheels. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is passing another vehicle. There are red arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the front wheels. There are blue arrows flowing from the battery to the electric engine to the front wheels.

456

Enertech 15-kW wind-system development: Phase I. Design and analysis. Volume I. Executive summary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A utility interfaced wind machine rated for 15 kW at 9 m/s (20.1 mph) has been designed to be cost effective in 5.4 m/s (12 mph) average wind sites. Approximately 18 months into the research and development program a completed design meeting contract specifications was submitted to the buyer. The design is for a horizontal axis, down wind machine which features three fixed pitch wood-epoxy blades and free yaw. Rotor diameter is 44 feet (13.4 meters). Unit shutdown is provided by an electrohydraulic brake. Blade tip brakes provide back-up rotor overspeed protection. Design merits have been verified through dynamic truck testing of a prototype unit.

Not Available

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Enertech 15-kW wind-system development. Phase I. Design and Analysis. Volume II. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

A utility interfaced wind machine rated for 15 kW at 9 m/s (20.1 mph) has been designed to be cost effective in 5.4 m/s (12 mph) average wind sites. Approximately 18 months into the research and development program a completed design meeting contract specifications was submitted to the buyer. The design is for a horizontal axis, down wind machine which features three fixed pitch wood-epoxy blades and free yaw. Rotor diameter is 44 feet (13.4 meters). Unit shutdown is provided by an electrohydraulic brake. Blade tip brakes provide back-up rotor overspeed protection. Design merits have been verified through dynamic truck testing of a prototype unit.

Dodge, D.M. (ed.)

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Dynamic multistation photometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A portable fast analyzer is provided that uses a magnetic clutch/brake to rapidly accelerate the analyzer rotor, and employs a microprocessor for automatic analyzer operation. The rotor is held stationary while the drive motor is run up to speed. When it is desired to mix the sample(s) and reagent(s), the brake is deenergized and the clutch is energized wherein the rotor is very rapidly accelerated to the running speed. The parallel path rotor that is used allows the samples and reagents to be mixed the moment they are spun out into the rotor cuvetes and data acquisition begins immediately. The analyzer will thus have special utility for fast reactions.

Bauer, Martin L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Johnson, Wayne F. (Loudon, TN); Lakomy, Dale G. (Knoxville, TN)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Use of the WECC WAMS in Wide Area Probing Tests for Validation of System Performance & Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During 2005 and 2006 the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) performed three major tests of western system dynamics. These tests used a Wide Area Measurement System (WAMS) based primarily on Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) to determine response to events including the insertion of the 1400-MW Chief Joseph braking resistor, probing signals, and ambient events. Test security was reinforced through real-time analysis of wide area effects, and high-quality data provided dynamic profiles for interarea modes across the entire western interconnection. The tests established that low-level optimized pseudo-random ±20-MW probing with the Pacific DC Intertie (PDCI) roughly doubles the apparent noise that is natural to the power system, providing sharp dynamic information with negligible interference to system operations. Such probing is an effective alternative to use of the 1400-MW Chief Joseph dynamic brake, and it is under consideration as a standard means for assessing dynamic security.

Hauer, John F.; Mittelstadt, William; Martin, Kenneth E.; Burns, J. W.; Lee, Harry; Pierre, John W.; Trudnowski, Daniel

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Empirical impact evaluation of the energy savings resulting from BPA's Stage II irrigation system retrofit program: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of an evaluation of the impacts on irrigation system energy consumption of conservation measures installed under the Bonneville Power Administration's Stage II retrofit program. Historical billing data and other farm records provided the basis for this evaluation. A number of different statistical techniques were used to estimate the actual energy savings resulting from the Stage II conservation measures. Results of the study reveal that the methodology used in predicting energy savings resulting from the Stage II program is accurate. The basis for energy savings predictions in the Stage II program are changes in brake horsepower, and, in this study, a 1% change in brake horsepower was found to result in slightly more than a 1% change in energy consumption. Overall, Stage II program conservation measures were found to reduce irrigation system energy use by an average of 34%. The average costs of obtaining these savings were 6 mills (.6 cents) per kWh saved.

Harrer, B.J.; Tawil, J.W.; Lyke, A.J.; Nieves, L.A.; Edin, E.S.; Bailey, B.M.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

High reduction transaxle for electric vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A drivetrain (12) includes a transaxle assembly (16) for driving ground engaging wheels of a land vehicle powered by an AC motor. The transaxle includes a ratio change section having planetary gear sets (24, 26) and brake assemblies (28, 30). Sun gears (60, 62) of the gear sets are directly and continuously connected to an input drive shaft (38) driven by the motor. A first drive (78a) directly and continuously connects a planetary gear carrier (78) of gear sets (24) with a ring gear (68) of gear set (26). A second drive (80a) directly and continuously connects a planetary gear carrier (80) of gear set (26) with a sun gear (64) of a final speed reduction gear set (34) having a planetary gear carrier directly and continuously connected to a differential (22). Brakes (28, 30) are selectively engageable to respectively ground a ring gear 66 of gear set 24 and ring gear 68 of gear set 26.

Kalns, Ilmars (Plymouth, MI)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Full Hybrid: Low Speed  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

highlighted Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button highlighted Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button LOW SPEED For initial acceleration and slow-speed driving, as well as reverse, the electric motor uses electricity from the battery to power the vehicle. If the battery needs to be recharged, the generator starts the engine and converts energy from the engine into electricity, which is stored in the battery. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is moving at a low speed. There are arrows flowing from the battery to the electric motor to the power split device to the front wheels. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is moving at a low speed. There are arrows flowing from the battery to the electric motor to the power split device to the front wheels.

463

EV America Skid Test Procedure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 Revision 2 Effective October 1, 2007 Braking Test Prepared by Electric Transportation Applications Prepared by: _______________________________ Date: _________ Roberta Brayer Approved by: _________________________________________________ Date: _______________ Donald Karner Procedure ETA-HTP06 Revision 2 i TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Objectives 1 2. Purpose 1 3. Documentation 1 4. Initial Conditions and Prerequisites 1 5. Testing Activity Requirements 3 5.3 Dry Controlled Test 4 6. Glossary 5 7. References 7 Appendices Appendix A - Handling Pad Test Data Sheet 8

464

Heavy Truck Engine Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Heavy Duty Truck Engine Program at Cummins embodied three significant development phases. All phases of work strove to demonstrate a high level of diesel engine efficiency in the face of increasingly stringent emission requirements. Concurrently, aftertreatment system development and refinement was pursued in support of these efficiency demonstrations. The program's first phase focused on the demonstration in-vehicle of a high level of heavy duty diesel engine efficiency (45% Brake Thermal Efficiency) at a typical cruise condition while achieving composite emissions results which met the 2004 U.S. EPA legislated standards. With a combination of engine combustion calibration tuning and the development and application of Urea-based SCR and particulate aftertreatment, these demonstrations were successfully performed by Q4 of 2002. The second phase of the program directed efforts towards an in-vehicle demonstration of an engine system capable of meeting 2007 U.S. EPA legislated emissions requirements while achieving 45% Brake Thermal Efficiency at cruise conditions. Through further combustion optimization, the refinement of Cummins Cooled EGR architecture, the application of a high pressure common rail fuel system and the incorporation of optimized engine parasitics, Cummins Inc. successfully demonstrated these deliverables in Q2 of 2004. The program's final phase set a stretch goal of demonstrating 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency from a heavy duty diesel engine system capable of meeting 2010 U.S. EPA legislated emissions requirements. Cummins chose to pursue this goal through further combustion development and refinement of the Cooled EGR system architecture and also applied a Rankine cycle Waste Heat Recovery technique to convert otherwise wasted thermal energy to useful power. The engine and heat recovery system was demonstrated to achieve 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency while operating at a torque peak condition in second quarter, 2006. The 50% efficient engine system was capable of meeting 2010 emissions requirements through the application of NOx and particulate matter reduction techniques proven earlier in the program.

Nelson, Christopher

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

465

Scalable autonic processing systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The number of automotive functions that are controlled by computers is rapidly increasing. In the past, these functions were confined to stand-alone control units, such as the engine or ABS brake controller. In modern cars, the data exchange between ... Keywords: autonic systems, distributed processing and real-time systems, event-triggered, fault tolerance, parallel processing, scalable automotive electronics system, time-triggered, vehicle electronics

Adnan Shaout; Najamuz Zaman; Taisir Eldos

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Published by the Office of Career Services and Cooperative Education A Unit of the Office for Undergraduate Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a difference Jim Grubbs nicole Mcright Carol Kubic Eric Pitts tracy Kirchmann Michael lomuscio rainy Brake of the classroom." CarEEr JOurnal PaGE 7 #12;PREViOuS PHOTO | NExT PHOTO Carol Kubic, Special Education carol KubicKING a DIFFereNce: a lessoN For all Photos courtesy of Carol Kubic CarEEr JOurnal PaGE 8 CarEEr JOurnal PaGE 8

Holliday, Mark A.

467

AB-Net Method of Protection from Projectiles (city, military base, battle-front, etc.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The author suggests a low cost special AB-Net from artificial fiber, which may protect cities and important objects from rockets, artillery and mortar shells, projectiles, bullets, and strategic weapons. The idea is as follows: The offered AB-Net joins an incoming projectile to a small braking parachute and this incoming projectile loses speed by air braking after a drag distance of 50 - 150 meters. A following interception net after the first may serve to collect the slowed projectiles and their fragments or bomblets so that they do not reach the aimpoint. The author offers the design of AB-Net, a developed theory of snagging with a small braking parachute by AB-Net; and sample computations. These nets may be used for defense of a town, city, military base, battle-front line, road (from terrorists), or any important objects or installations (for example nuclear electric station, government buildings, etc.). Computed projects are: Net to counter small rockets (for example, from Qassam), net to counter artillery projectile (caliber 76 mm), net to counter bullets (caliber 7.6 mm). The offered method is cheaper by thousands of times than protection of a city by current anti-rocket systems. Discussion and results are at the end of the article. Key words: Protection from missile and projectile weapons, mortar, rocket, AB-Net, Qassam defense, incoming defense, armor.

Alexander Bolonkin

2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

468

AB-Net Method of Protection from Projectiles (city, military base, battle-front, etc.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The author suggests a low cost special AB-Net from artificial fiber, which may protect cities and important objects from rockets, artillery and mortar shells, projectiles, bullets, and strategic weapons. The idea is as follows: The offered AB-Net joins an incoming projectile to a small braking parachute and this incoming projectile loses speed by air braking after a drag distance of 50 - 150 meters. A following interception net after the first may serve to collect the slowed projectiles and their fragments or bomblets so that they do not reach the aimpoint. The author offers the design of AB-Net, a developed theory of snagging with a small braking parachute by AB-Net; and sample computations. These nets may be used for defense of a town, city, military base, battle-front line, road (from terrorists), or any important objects or installations (for example nuclear electric station, government buildings, etc.). Computed projects are: Net to counter small rockets (for example, from Qassam), net to counter artille...

Bolonkin, Alexander

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Acoustic-velocity measurements in materials using a regenerative method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Acoustic energy is propatated through earth material between an electro-acoustic generator and a receiver which converts the received acoustic energy into electrical signals. A closed loop is formed by a variable gain amplifier system connected between the receiver and the generator. The gain of the amplifier system is increased until sustained oscillations are produced in the closed loop. The frequency of the oscillations is measured as an indication of the acoustic propagation velocity through the earth material. The amplifier gain is measured as an indication of the acoustic attenuation through the earth materials. The method is also applicable to the non-destructive testing of structural materials, such as steel, aluminum and concrete.

Laine, E.F.

1982-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

470

Energy-efficient regenerative liquid desiccant drying process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to the use of desiccants in conjunction with an open oop drying cycle and a closed loop drying cycle to reclaim the energy expended in vaporizing moisture in harvested crops. In the closed loop cycle, the drying air is brought into contact with a desiccant after it exits the crop drying bin. Water vapor in the moist air is absorbed by the desiccant, thus reducing the relative humidity of the air. The air is then heated by the used desiccant and returned to the crop bin. During the open loop drying cycle the used desiccant is heated (either fossil or solar energy heat sources may be used) and regenerated at high temperature, driving water vapor from the desiccant. This water vapor is condensed and used to preheat the dilute (wet) desiccant before heat is added from the external source (fossil or solar). The latent heat of vaporization of the moisture removed from the desiccant is reclaimed in this manner. The sensible heat of the regenerated desiccant is utilized in the open loop drying cycle. Also, closed cycle operation implies that no net energy is expended in heating drying air.

Ko, Suk M. (Huntsville, AL); Grodzka, Philomena G. (Huntsville, AL); McCormick, Paul O. (Athens, AL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Regenerative fuel cell systems R{ampersand}D  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The LLNL effort to develop electrochemical energy storage systems occupies a crucial regime in the hydrogen technologies` adoption process, between pure research/conceptual feasibility and near-term demonstrations of commercial systems This effort leaves as many component innovations as possible to others, and seeks to integrate the best systems from the highest performance, readily procurable components. The integration research and component testing being undertaken has already uncovered many operational and design issues that might hinder the adoption of breakthrough technologies being funded by the DOE and NASA A focus on delivering energy storage to the most weight-sensitive applications (aircraft and spacecraft) ensures that key technologies will be properly implemented and combined to perform in real, upcoming vehicle tests. The two key technologies that LLNL is aggressively implementing are proton exchange membrane (PEM) -based RFCs and high-performance tankage for storing compressed hydrogen and oxygen gases Tankage built from available technologies must be lightweight and must cope with volume penalties, gas permeation, and moisture handling to adequately furnish the breakthrough levels of specific energy that RFC systems offer Such multidisciplinary specifications have yet to be combined in the form of a commercial product. Were it not fat LLNL`s role as integrator leading industry, and as technical monitor promoting relevant specifications from within DOE-funded demonstration efforts in industry, such functional combinations of component performances would be years lather than months away. In particular, the DOE PRDA funded at Thiokol is on track to deliver vehicle-compatible hydrogen test tanks to support the Ford P2000 demonstration vehicle early next year The supervision of and close interaction with this industrial demonstration project is one important example of the real effort DOE is sponsoring at LLNL to bridge research into demonstrations Another DOE-funded industrial demonstration effort, with Proton Energy Systems as prime contractor, has recently been funded to introduce PEM-based energy storage into electrical utility applications Besides monitoring this field demonstration, LLNL will be directly supporting Proton Energy System`s technology development by testing electrolyzer and URFC cell stacks. In the cases of Proton Energy Systems, Thiokol, and Hamilton Standard (which currently offers the most advanced electrochemical components) LLNL has achieved close cooperation with industrial partners who hold the intellectual property. With these partners, LLNL is jointly developing systems relevant to a wide spectrum of applications, as depicted in Figure 1. These systems include high altitude long endurance (HALE) solar rechargeable aircraft (SRA), zero emission vehicles (ZEVs), hybrid energy storage/propulsion systems for spacecraft, energy storage for remote (off-grid) power sources, and peak shaving for on-grid applications (Carter 1998, de Groot 1997, Mitlitsky 1998, Mitlitsky 1996-a, Mitlitsky 1996-b, Mitlitsky 1996-c, Mitlitsky 1996-d, Mitlitsky 1994, Mitlitsky 1993). Figure 2 illustrates the original application for this set of innovations: solar powered aircraft This aircraft (Pathfinder) set the altitude record (71,500 ft) for all propeller- driven aircraft on July 7, 1997 (Mitlitsky 1998, NASA 1997).

Mitlitsky, F., LLNL

1998-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

472

Acoustic velocity measurements in materials using a regenerative method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Acoustic energy is propagated through earth material between an electro-acoustic generator and a receiver which converts the received acoustic energy into electrical signals. A closed loop is formed by a variable gain amplifier system connected between the receiver and the generator. The gain of the amplifier system is increased until sustained oscillations are produced in the closed loop. The frequency of the oscillations is measured as an indication of the acoustic propagation velocity through the earth material. The amplifier gain is measured as an indication of the acoustic attenuation through the earth materials. The method is also applicable to the non-destructive testing of structural materials, such as steel, aluminum and concrete.

Laine, Edwin F. (Alamo, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Photoelectrochemistry of some aluminum phthalocyanines in regenerative solar cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chloroaluminum phthalocyanine (ClAlPc) films sublimed with a high growth rate on SnO/sub 2/ can be made to undergo two transformations when the films are in contact with an acidic (HCl) aqueous solution: transformation I is obtained if the solution contains I/sub 3//I and transformation H occurs when there is no redox couple in the solution. The short-circuit photocurrents produced by these two transformations are different. The highest J/sub sc/(1.1 mA cm/sup -2/), under 100 mW cm/sup -2/ white light illumination, was measured for transformation I. An investigation of the differences between the initial and the highly photoactive film shows that transformation I induces the growth of an 840 nm band in both absorption and action spectra. Moreover, IR spectroscopy suggests that there is a possible protonation of a peripheral nitrogen of the phthalocyanine macrocycle.

Guay, D.; Dodelet, J.P. (INRS-Energie, Varennes, Quebec (CA)); Cote, R.; Langford, C.H. (Chemistry Dept., Concordia Univ., Montreal, Quebec (CA)); Gravel, D. (Dept. de chimie, Univ. de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec (CA))

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

A Novel Low Noise Regenerative Divide-by-Four Circuit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of a chip inductor of 10 nH in series with a chip capacitor of about 40 ... MHz quartz oscillator that was multiplied up to 400 MHz using ultra-low- noise ...

2002-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Development of Supported Bifunctional Electrocatalysts for Unitized Regenerative Fuel Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industrial Partnerships Program to further the development of their wind turbine. #12;Success Stories of Past drug, PTH-CBD, is being prepared for licensing to a pharmaceutical company after the Phase I trials the provisional patent for the technology, process and delivery of LOCUS. This is a single- chambered microbial

476

The Multiple Uses of Carbon Nanotubes in Regenerative Medicine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This talk will summarize the state-of-the-art knowledge on the use of carbon ... Improving the Resistance of Ceramic Surfaces to Biofilm Formation ... Degradation on Surface of Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia by Electric Polarization ... Plasma Surface Modification of Electrospun Fibers for Adhesion-Based Cancer Cell Sorting.

477

Low-pressure-ratio regenerative exhaust-heated gas turbine  

SciTech Connect

A design study of coal-burning gas-turbine engines using the exhaust-heated cycle and state-of-the-art components has been completed. In addition, some initial experiments on a type of rotary ceramic-matrix regenerator that would be used to transfer heat from the products of coal combustion in the hot turbine exhaust to the cool compressed air have been conducted. Highly favorable results have been obtained on all aspects on which definite conclusions could be drawn.

Tampe, L.A.; Frenkel, R.G.; Kowalick, D.J.; Nahatis, H.M.; Silverstein, S.M.; Wilson, D.G.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

The Apparent Age of the Time Dilated Universe I: Gyrochronology, Angular Momentum Loss in Close Solar Type Binaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In creation time-dilation cosmologies (e.g., those proposed by Humphreys, 1994, and Hartnett, 2007), one major question is: What maximum apparent age should be used to characterize the universe? The 14.7-billion-year answer provided by the Big Bang community should not be accepted due to its false assumptions, which are at odds with biblical history. There are many age-bearing processes (astrochronometers) that we can glean from today’s astronomy. Astrochronometers include wind-up times of spiral galaxies, rates of decrease rotation and magnetic activity, and spin-down and coalescence times of binary stars (magnetic braking), star cluster ages (isochron age) and nuclear burning ages (stellar aging on the H-R diagram), rates of visual binary orbital circularization, stellar kinematic ages, white dwarf cooling ages, pulsar spin-down ages (due to gravitational radiation), radio isochron ages from stellar spectra, and others. In this study, we will explore the subject of gyrochronology: the precise derivation of stellar ages from the rotational period of single solar-type stars and the orbital periods of interacting binaries. As stars and binaries age, magnetic braking steadily steals away angular momentum, and magnetic activity decreases. We seek to include original research from our astronomical observations. In this regard, we present a preliminary analysis of an asynchronous, fastrotating and near solar-type double contact eclipsing binary (Wilson and Twigg, 1980), AC Piscium from a recent observing run. We also include pertinent interferometric results of fast-spinning single stars. Finally, we attempt a first-ever age estimate of short period solar-type binaries apart from evolutionary time constraints. Figure 1. Magnetic braking on single stars. P is the period of rotation. AML is an acronym for Angular Momentum Loss. Figure 2. The definitions of angular momentum, L, and angular velocity, W.

Ronald G. Samec; Evan Figg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

The Entire Engineering Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering Archives Engineering Archives Engineering Archives, Since November 1991 Table of Contents: Strongest geometric figure Geometric figures - bridges High school preparation for engineering Engineering fields and mathematics Future of mechanical engineering Absorbing energy in a crash Braking force of automobiles US fast-breeder policy Fusion energy to power Electricity generation Photovoltaic motors Variable speed motor Space plane Building on the moon Why does the Shuttle turn on launch? Gyroscopes Triangulation Magnets in speakers Speaker impedance Permanent magnet manufacture E/M interference FM modulation Pressure rise in pipe expansion Drag coefficient and Reynolds' Number Boundary layers Cavitation Is it more efficient to turn off fluorescent Uninterruptable power supply Electrical current

480

Charge Depleting:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 seconds 3 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.3 seconds Maximum Speed: 74.3 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 103.4 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 13.4 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.4 seconds Maximum Speed: 74.8 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 104.0 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 153.0 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6 Distance (miles)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes regenerative braking" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

NREL: Gearbox Reliability Collaborative - Gearbox Reliability Collaborative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Projects Projects Gearbox deficiencies are the result of many factors. Through gearbox modeling and testing, condition monitoring, and the failure database, the collaborative is expanding the industry's knowledge base, recommending efficient and cost-effective improvements, and facilitating immediate improvements in the gearbox life cycle. Gearbox Modeling and Testing Illustration of representative gearbox including the hub, main bearing, main shaft, gearbox, brake, high speed shaft, generator, and bed plate. A complete gearbox redesign has been completed in a collaborative effort between NREL and industry partners. This process documented and analyzed the design process and produced a new gearbox design that integrates knowledge from previous Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) activities.

482

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FreedomCAR FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2007 Highlights of Technical Accomplishments Table of Contents Item Page Preface iv Vehicle Technologies Advanced Combustion & Emissions Control * Injection Timing Strongly Impacts H 2 - Air Mixing in a Direct-Injection Hydrogen Engine 1 * Demonstrated 2007 Engine Efficiency Milestone of 42% Peak Brake Thermal Efficiency 2 * Kinetic Mechanism for Diesel Lean NO x Trap Regeneration 3 * Studies of Lean NO x Trap Aftertreatment Contribute to Diesel Vehicle Commercialization 4 Electrical & Electronics * Floating Loop Inverter 5 * Sintered Die Attachment 6 * Thermal Systems Analysis for Advanced Vehicle Power Electronics 7 * High Temperature DC Bus Capacitors 8 Electrochemical Energy Storage

483

Dry powder mixes comprising phase change materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A free flowing, conformable powder-like mix of silica particles and a phase change material (PCM) is provided. The silica particles have a critical size of about 0.005 to about 0.025 microns and the PCM must be added to the silica in an amount of 75% or less PCM per combined weight of silica and PCM. The powder-like mix can be used in tableware items, medical wraps, tree wraps, garments, quilts and blankets, and particularly in applications for heat protection for heat sensitive items, such as aircraft flight recorders, and for preventing brake fade in automobiles, buses, trucks and aircraft. 3 figs.

Salyer, I.O.

1995-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

484

Laser Spark Plug Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To meet the ignition system needs of large bore high pressure lean burn natural gas engines a laser diode side pumped passively Q-switched laser igniter was designed and tested. The laser was designed to produce the optical intensities needed to initiate ignition in a lean burn high brake mean effective pressure (BMEP) engine. The experimentation explored a variety of optical and electrical input parameters that when combined produced a robust spark in air. The results show peak power levels exceeding 2 MW and peak focal intensities above 400 GW/cm2. Future research avenues and current progress with the initial prototype are presented and discussed.

McIntyre, D.L.; Richardson, S.W.; Woodruff, S.D.; McMillian, M.H.; Guutam, M. (West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV)

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

User Empowerment in the Internet of Things  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the characteristics of two big triggers that facilitated wide user adoption of the Internet: Web 2.0 and online social networks. We detect brakes for reproduction of these events in Internet of things. To support our hypothesis we first compare the difference between the ways of use of the Internet with the future scenarios of Internet of things. We detect barriers that could slow down apparition of this kind of social events during user adoption of Internet of Things and we propose a conceptual framework to solve these problems.

Munjin, Dejan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Ford F250 Dedicated CNG Pickup  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is encouraging the use of alternative fuels and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). To support this activity, DOE has directed the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to conduct projects to evaluate the performance and acceptability of light-duty AFVs. In this study, we tested a pair of 1998 Ford F-250 pickups: one dedicated compressed natural gas (CNG) model and a gasoline model as closely matched as possible. Each vehicle was run through a series of tests to evaluate acceleration, fuel economy, braking, and cold-start capabilities, as well as more subjective performance indicators such as handling, climate control, and noise.

Eudy, L.

1999-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

487

Mack LNG vehicle development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to install a production-ready, state-of-the-art engine control system on the Mack E7G natural gas engine to improve efficiency and lower exhaust emissions. In addition, the power rating was increased from 300 brake horsepower (bhp) to 325 bhp. The emissions targets were oxides of nitrogen plus nonmethane hydrocarbons of less than 2.5 g/bhp-hr and particulate matter of less than 0.05 g/bhp-hr on 99% methane. Vehicle durability and field testing were also conducted. Further development of this engine should include efficiency improvements and oxides of nitrogen reductions.

Southwest Research Institute

2000-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

488

Inductrack configuration  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple permanent-magnet-excited maglev geometry provides levitation forces and is stable against vertical displacements from equilibrium but is unstable against horizontal displacements. An Inductrack system is then used in conjunction with this system to effect stabilization against horizontal displacements and to provide centering forces to overcome centrifugal forces when the vehicle is traversing curved sections of a track or when any other transient horizontal force is present. In some proposed embodiments, the Inductrack track elements are also employed as the stator of a linear induction-motor drive and braking system.

Post, Richard Freeman (Walnut Creek, CA)

2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

489

Three-dimensional finite element modeling of a magnet array spinning above a conductor  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Drag forces due to eddy currents induced by the relative motion of a conductor and a magnetic field occur in many practical devices: motors, brakes, magnetic bearings, and magnetically levitated vehicles. Recently, finite element codes have included solvers for 3-D eddy current geometries and have the potential to be very useful in the design and analysis of these devices. In this paper, numerical results from three-dimensional modeling of a magnet array spinning above a conductor are compared to experimental results in order to assess the capabilities of these codes.

Lorimer, W.L.; Lieu, D.K. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Hull, J.R.; Mulcahy, T.M.; Rossing, T.D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

490

Electric machine for hybrid motor vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power system for a motor vehicle having an internal combustion engine and an electric machine is disclosed. The electric machine has a stator, a permanent magnet rotor, an uncluttered rotor spaced from the permanent magnet rotor, and at least one secondary core assembly. The power system also has a gearing arrangement for coupling the internal combustion engine to wheels on the vehicle thereby providing a means for the electric machine to both power assist and brake in relation to the output of the internal combustion engine.

Hsu, John Sheungchun (Oak Ridge, TN)

2007-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

491

Impingement starting and power boosting of small gas turbines  

SciTech Connect

The technology of high-pressure air or hot-gas impingement from stationary shroud supplementary nozzles onto radial outflow compressors and radial inflow turbines to permit rapid gas turbine starting or power boosting is discussed. Data are presented on the equivalent turbine component performance for convergent/divergent shroud impingement nozzles, which reveal the sensitivity of nozzle velocity coefficient with Mach number and turbine efficiency with impingement nozzle admission arc. Compressor and turbine matching is addressed in the transient turbine start mode with the possibility of operating these components in braking or reverse flow regimes when impingement flow rates exceed design.

Rodgers, C.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

BPA experience in the direct measurement of power system dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sustained growth of a large power system tends to make the model-based planning of system expansions and operations increasingly difficult. This paper presents a BPA perspective on procedures for extracting supplemental information for the power system itself. These procedures involve disturbance analysis, ambient measurements, and direct tests. Results shown for the western U.S. power system include a response model derived from a recent test energization of BPA's 1400 MW dynamic brake. The model construction illustrated combined use of Fourier analysis, Prony analysis, and optimal fitting to measured frequency response.

Hauer, J.F. (Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Test and evaluation of 23 electric vehicles for state-of-the-art assessment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Electric and Hybrid Research, Development and Demonstration Act of 1976 required ERDA to develop data to determine the state-of-the-art of electric and hybrid vehicles. NASA, in response to ERDA's request, tested 18 electric vehicles. The U.S. Army's MERADCOM tested four electric vehicles and the Canadian Government tested one. Eleven of the electric vehicles were passenger cars and 12 were commerical vans. Tests were conducted in accordance with an ERDA test prodecure which is based on the SAE J227a Test Proceduce. Tests included range, acceleration, coast-down, and braking. The results of the tests and comments on reliability are presented.

Dustin, M.O.; Denington, R.J.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Study of Present-Day LED Brightness and Corresponding Rear Signaling Concepts (LED Optimization)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crash database studies have shown that more than 29 percent of all crashes are rear-end crashes. These types of crashes often result from a failure to respond (or delays in responding) to a stopped or decelerating lead vehicle (NHTSA, 2005). The work described here is part of a larger program of research intended to develop and evaluate rear signaling applications designed to reduce the frequency and severity of rear-end crashes by redirecting drivers ’ visual attention to the forward roadway (for cases involving a distracted driver), and/or increasing the saliency or meaningfulness of the brake signal (for attentive drivers).

Round Stop Lamp A; Round Stoplamp A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Dry powder mixes comprising phase change materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A free flowing, conformable powder-like mix of silica particles and a phase change material (PCM) is provided. The silica particles have a critical size of about 0.005 to about 0.025 microns and the PCM must be added to the silica in an amount of 75% or less PCM per combined weight of silica and PCM. The powder-like mix can be used in tableware items, medical wraps, tree wraps, garments, quilts and blankets, and particularly in applications for heat protection for heat sensitive items, such as aircraft flight recorders, and for preventing brake fade in automobiles, buses, trucks and aircraft. 3 figures.

Salyer, I.O.

1994-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

496

Dry powder mixes comprising phase change materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A free flowing, conformable powder-like mix of silica particles and a phase change material (PCM) is provided. The silica particles have a critical size of about 0.005 to about 0.025 microns and the PCM must be added to the silica in an amount of 75% or less PCM per combined weight of silica and PCM. The powder-like mix can be used in tableware items, medical wraps, tree wraps, garments, quilts and blankets, and particularly in applications for heat protection for heat sensitive items, such as aircraft flight recorders, and for preventing brake fade in automobiles, buses, trucks and aircraft.

Salyer, Ival O. (Dayton, OH)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Dry powder mixes comprising phase change materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A free flowing, conformable powder-like mix of silica particles and a phase change material (PCM) is provided. The silica particles have a critical size of about 0.005 to about 0.025 microns and the PCM must be added to the silica in an amount of 75% or less PCM per combined weight of silica and PCM. The powder-like mix can be used in tableware items, medical wraps, tree wraps, garments, quilts and blankets, and particularly in applications for heat protection for heat sensitive items, such as aircraft flight recorders, and for preventing brake fade in automobiles, buses, trucks and aircraft.

Salyer, Ival O. (Dayton, OH)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Chinese tallow seed oil as a diesel fuel extender  

SciTech Connect

Chinese tallow and stillingia oil are products obtained from the seed of the unmerchantable, but high yielding Chinese tallow tree. Short-term diesel engine performance tests using mixtures 25%:75% and 50%:50% of Chinese tallow tree seed oil and tallow to diesel fuel gave engine power output, brake thermal efficiencies, and fuel consumption rates within 7% of those obtained using pure diesel fuel. Fuel property values of the extended fuels were found to be within limits proposed for diesel engines. 12 references.

Samson, W.D.; Vidrine, C.G.; Robbins, J.W.D.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Charge Depleting:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 seconds 0 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.1 seconds Maximum Speed: 75.7 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 104.9 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 12.8 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 20.0 seconds Maximum Speed: 75.7 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 105.0 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 126.8 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6 Distance (miles)

500

New coke-sorting system at OAO Koks  

SciTech Connect

A new coke-sorting system has been introduced at OAO Koks. It differs from the existing system in that it has no bunkers for all-purpose coke but only bunkers for commercial coke. In using this system with coke from battery 4, the crushing of the coke on conveyer belts, at roller screens, and in the commercial-coke bunkers is studied. After installing braking elements in the coke path, their effectiveness in reducing coke disintegration and improving coke screening is investigated. The granulometric composition and strength of the commercial coke from coke battery 3, with the new coke-sorting system, is evaluated.

B.Kh. Bulaevskii; V.S. Shved; Yu.V. Kalimin; S.D. Filippov [OAO Koks, Kemerovo (Russian Federation)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z