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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

1 1 Regenerative braking converts otherwise wasted energy from braking into electricity and stores it in the battery. In regenerative braking, the electric motor is reversed so that, instead of using electricity to turn the wheels, the rotating wheels turn the motor and create electricity. Using energy from the wheels to turn the motor slows the vehicle down. Go to next… stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is decelerating. There are arrows flowing from the front wheels to the electric motor to the battery. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is decelerating. There are arrows flowing from the front wheels to the electric motor to the battery.

2

Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

2 2 If additional stopping power is needed, conventional friction brakes (e.g., disc brakes) are also applied automatically. Go back… stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Battery: The battery stores energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the electric motor. Since the battery helps power the vehicle, it is larger and holds much more energy than batteries used to start conventional vehicles. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

3

The braking performance of tractor-trailer combinations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Equations are derived for the maximum decelerations which can be obtained with balanced and unbalanced trailers with and without trailer brakes. The equations are used to produce graphs showing the maximum decelerations of trailers having typical dimensions, of different weights relative to the towing tractor on surfaces of different adhesion coefficients and with different types and degrees of braking on the trailers. Results measured during braking tests on tractors and trailers are given. Unbalanced trailers are shown to have a better braking performance than balanced trailers and it is therefore, recommended that trailers should be designed to carry the maximum permissible proportion of their weight on the tractor. Both over-run and power brakes on trailers are shown to provide very useful improvements in braking performance. Power brakes are preferred because of the difficulty of fitting over-run brakes on unbalanced trailers. The tractor's external hydraulics are considered to be the most convenient source of power. On-off brakes providing a fixed braking force equal to approximately 510% of the trailer maximum gross laden weight are considered to be a useful and simple means of improving existing trailers, but the development of trailer braking systems providing a braking force proportional to the tractor brake pedal force up to a maximum of approximately 2030% of the trailer maximum gross laden weight is considered to be very desirable.

M.J. Dwyer

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Hybrid: Braking  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Button Stopped button highlighted subbanner graphic: gray bar Button Stopped button highlighted subbanner graphic: gray bar STOPPED When the vehicle is stopped, such as at a red light, the gasoline engine and electric motor shut off automatically so that energy is not wasted in idling. The battery continues to power auxillary systems, such as the air conditioning and dashboard displays. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Battery: The battery stores energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the electric motor. Since the battery helps power the vehicle, it is larger and holds much more energy than batteries used to start conventional vehicles. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

5

Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Button Stopped button highlighted subbanner graphic: gray bar Button Stopped button highlighted subbanner graphic: gray bar STOPPED When the vehicle is stopped, such as at a red light, the gasoline engine and electric motor shut off automatically so that energy is not wasted in idling. The battery continues to power auxillary systems, such as the air conditioning and dashboard displays. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Battery: The battery stores energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the electric motor. Since the battery helps power the vehicle, it is larger and holds much more energy than batteries used to start conventional vehicles. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

6

Full Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Braking button highlighted Stopped button Braking button highlighted Stopped button BRAKING PART 1 Regenerative braking converts otherwise wasted energy from braking into electricity and stores it in the battery. In regenerative braking, the electric motor is reversed so that, instead of using electricity to turn the wheels, the rotating wheels turn the motor and create electricity. Using energy from the wheels to turn the motor slows the vehicle down. Go to next… stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is decelerating. There are arrows flowing from the front wheels to the power split device to the electric motor to the battery. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is decelerating. There are arrows flowing from the front wheels to the power split device to the electric motor to the battery.

7

Svendborg Brakes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name: Svendborg Brakes Place: Denmark Sector: Wind energy Product: Denmark-based manufacturer of braking systems for the wind industry, as well as for the oil sector....

8

WIND BRAKING OF MAGNETARS  

SciTech Connect

We explore the wind braking of magnetars considering recent observations challenging the traditional magnetar model. There is evidence for strong multipole magnetic fields in active magnetars, but the dipole field inferred from spin-down measurements may be strongly biased by particle wind. Recent observations challenging the traditional model of magnetars may be explained naturally by the wind braking scenario: (1) the supernova energies of magnetars are of normal value; (2) the non-detection in Fermi observations of magnetars; (3) the problem posed by low magnetic field soft gamma-ray repeaters; (4) the relation between magnetars and high magnetic field pulsars; and (5) a decreasing period derivative during magnetar outbursts. Transient magnetars with L{sub x}<- E-dot{sub rot} may still be magnetic dipole braking. This may explain why low luminosity magnetars are more likely to have radio emissions. A strong reduction of the dipole magnetic field is possible only when the particle wind is very collimated at the star surface. A small reduction of the dipole magnetic field may result from detailed considerations of magnetar wind luminosity. In the wind braking scenario, magnetars are neutron stars with a strong multipole field. For some sources, a strong dipole field may no longer be needed. A magnetism-powered pulsar wind nebula will be one of the consequences of wind braking. For a magnetism-powered pulsar wind nebula, we should see a correlation between the nebula luminosity and the magnetar luminosity. Under the wind braking scenario, a braking index smaller than three is expected. Future braking index measurement of a magnetar may tell us whether magnetars are wind braking or magnetic dipole braking.

Tong, H. [Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011 (China); Xu, R. X.; Qiao, G. J. [KIAA and School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Song, L. M., E-mail: tonghao@xao.ac.cn [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

9

Chapter 9 - Brake Testing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes and explains the role and methods of experimental testing in the design and verification of brakes and their components. It starts by discussing the increasing capability of computer-based predictive techniques, which can simulate many aspects of brake operation and save time and cost compared with previous methods of experimental evaluation. Preparation, procedures, instrumentation, data acquisition and results analysis, interpretation and reporting for experimental testing ranging from whole vehicle braking performance on a test track to component performance and material thermophysical properties in the laboratory, are explained and discussed. By the end of the chapter the design and operation of test rigs including inertia dynamometers for full-size brakes, scale rigs for small-sample friction and wear measurement, machines for cyclic loading and material property measurement, etc. are described. The importance of careful preparation of the friction pair (bedding-in and burnishing) for brake performance testing and the evaluation of variability by repeat testing is emphasised.

Andrew Day

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Modeling of air brakes for onboard diagnostics of heavy trucks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

declared out of service. Worn brake pads and tires, air leaks at hoses, connections, valves and brake chambers of the airbrake system along with the significant time delay in the actuation of tractor and trailer brakes degrade the vehicle braking...

Kankanala, Penchala N

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

11

Innovative vibration measurement technology for brake development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Apart from working reliably and providing safety, the comfort features of brakes in vehicles these days have become very significant. The requirement of a noiseless brake system always poses an important chall...

Dipl.-Ing. Holger Marschner; Dr. rer. nat. Dirk Reckwerth

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Heavy Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heavy Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT) Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT for a real-time on-board brake assessment tool. Test Overview A combination tractor-trailer will be given a complete brake rebuild prior to several tests performed at fully -laden and several overweight loading

13

6 - Engine brake performance in diesel engine system design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter provides a comprehensive theory on engine brake performance. It first discusses vehicle braking requirement and the impact on enginevehicle matching in engine brake operation, followed by a comparison between engine brakes and drivetrain retarders. It then introduces drivetrain retarders in detail including their torque and cooling characteristics. The performance characteristics of exhaust brakes and compression brakes are elaborated including their mechanisms and the interactions with valvetrain, variable valve actuation (VVA) and turbocharger. The principles of engine brake design are introduced through comprehensive simulation analysis on engine thermodynamic cycles in braking operation. A braking gas recirculation (BGR) theory is developed.

Qianfan Xin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Disturbance Control of the Hydraulic Brake in a Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disturbance Control of the Hydraulic Brake in a Wind Turbine Frank Jepsen, Anders Søborg brake in a wind turbine. Brake torque is determined by friction coefficient and clamp force; the latter brake is one1 of the two independent brake systems in a wind turbine. As a consequence of the gearing

Yang, Zhenyu

15

Wide speed range for traction motor in braking force of electric braking control system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A vehicle stopping method using an electric brake until a traction motor is stopped is studied. At the moment of vehicle stop, electric brake is changed to control mode where ... is controlled by estimating the l...

Young-Choon Kim; Moon-Taek Cho

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Electric Braking Control System to Secure Braking Force in the Wide Speed Range of Traction Motor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a vehicle stopping method using an electric brake until a traction motor is stopped is studied. At the moment of vehicle stop, electric brake is changed to control mode wherein ... is controlled by...

Young-Choon Kim; Moon-Taek Cho; Ok-Hwan Kim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

PREDICTING RANGES FOR PULSARS' BRAKING INDICES  

SciTech Connect

The theoretical determination of braking indices of pulsars is still an open problem. In this paper we report results of a study concerning such determination based on a modification of the canonical model, which admits that pulsars are rotating magnetic dipoles, and on data from the seven pulsars with known braking indices. In order to test the modified model, we predict ranges for the braking indices of other pulsars.

Magalhaes, Nadja S.; Miranda, Thaysa A. [Federal University of Sao Paulo, DCET, Rua Sao Nicolau 210, Diadema, SP 09913-030 (Brazil); Frajuca, Carlos, E-mail: nadjasm@gmail.com [Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Sao Paulo, R. Pedro Vicente 625, Sao Paulo, SP 01109-010 (Brazil)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

18

Hybrid Braking System for Non-Drive Axles  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A hybrid braking system is designed to conserve diesel fuel (or alternative fuels) by using regenerative braking, which extends hybrid technology to non-drive axles.

19

TMV Technology Capabilities Brake Stroke Monitor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TMV Technology Capabilities Brake Stroke Monitor Brake monitoring systems are proactive maintenance This technology allows for CMV operators to have knowledge of their steer, drive, and tandem axle group weights setup is required. Current Safety/Enforcement Technologies EOBR (electronic on-board recorder) On

20

Chapter 6 - Brake System Layout Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter brings together high-level braking system design (Chapters 3 and 4Chapter 3Chapter 4) and the design of friction brakes (Chapter 5) to complete the layout design of road vehicle braking systems. Two actuation systems are studied: hydraulic (used on passenger cars and light commercial vehicles) and pneumatic (used on heavy commercial vehicles). Other braking technologies (e.g. regenerative) and actuation systems (e.g. power hydraulic and electromechanical) are also mentioned. A four-step design procedure is presented, which includes designing the basic braking system parameters based on the vehicle configuration, specifying the brakes (size and torque capacity), designing the actuation system, and verification (legislative requirements). Examples are presented for a hydraulic system with a vacuum booster (passenger car) and a pneumatic system (articulated commercial vehicle), which illustrate the important features of achieving a good basic system configuration. In passenger cars, the importance of driver interface parameters such as pedal feel is explained, and for commercial vehicles, compatibility, load sensing, and predominance between the trailer and towing vehicle brake systems is discussed.

Andrew Day

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Compliant mechanism road bicycle brake: a rigid-body replacement case study  

SciTech Connect

The design of high-performance bicycle brakes is complicated by the competing design objectives of increased performance and low weight. But this challenge also provides a good case study to demonstrate the design of compliant mechanisms to replace current rigid-link mechanisms. This paper briefly reviews current road brake designs, demonstrates the use of rigid-body replacement synthesis to design a compliant mechanism, and illustrates the combination of compliant mechanism design tools. The resulting concept was generated from the modified dual-pivot brake design and is a partially compliant mechanism where one pin has the dual role of a joint and a mounting pin. The pseudo-rigid-body model, finite element analysis, and optimization algorithms are used to generate design dimensions, and designs are considered for both titanium and E-glass flexures. The resulting design has the potential of reducing the part count and overall weight while maintaining a performance similar to the benchmark.

Olsen, Brian M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Howell, Larry L [NON LANL; Magleby, Spencer P [NON LANL

2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

22

Contactless magnetic brake for automotive applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONTACTLESS MAGNETIC BRAKE FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS A Dissertation by SEBASTIEN EMMANUEL GAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR... OF PHILOSOPHY May 2005 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering CONTACTLESS MAGNETIC BRAKE FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS A Dissertation by SEBASTIEN EMMANUEL GAY Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Gay, Sebastien Emmanuel

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

Adaptive controller for regenerative and friction braking system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A regenerative and friction braking system for a vehicle having one or more roadwheels driven by an electric traction motor includes a driver responsive device for producing a brake demand signal having a magnitude corresponding to the level of braking force selected by the driver and friction and regenerative brakes operatively connected with the roadwheels of the vehicle. A system according to this invention further includes control means for operating the friction and regenerative braking subsystems so that maximum brake torques sustainable by the roadwheels of the vehicle without skidding or slipping will not be exceeded.

Davis, Roy I. (Ypsilanti, MI)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Thermal cracking in disc brakes Thomas J. Mackin *,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal cracking in disc brakes Thomas J. Mackin *,1 , Steven C. Noe, K.J. Ball, B.C. Bedell, D, or hub, which is connected to the wheel and axle, and an inboard and outboard braking surface

Salvaggio, Carl

25

Electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An antiskid braking and traction control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes one or more sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensors and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydrualic braking control, or requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs a control strategy based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control the operation of the electric traction motor and to a brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative antiskid braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control.

Cikanek, Susan R. (Wixom, MI)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

A diagnostic system for air brakes in commercial vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation deals with the development of a model-based diagnostic system for air brake systems that are widely used in commercial vehicles, such as trucks, tractor-trailers, buses, etc. The performance of these brake systems is sensitive...

Coimbatore Subramanian, Shankar Ram

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

27

Why Brake-By-Wire (BBW) ? Advantages of BBW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Conventional Brake System http://www.conti-online.com #12;BBW Survey [ SKF (Motor + PGT +Ball Screw)] [ DELPHI (Motor + PGT +Ball Screw)] [Continental Teves (Motor + PGT + Roller Screw)] [Continental Teves installed at wheel] #12;Sectional Drawing of the Electromechanically Actuated Disk Brake From ITT Brake Pads Caliper

Yao, Bin

28

Nonlinear analysis of time series of vibration data from a friction brake: SSA, PCA, and MFDFA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the methodology of singular spectrum analysis (SSA), principal component analysis (PCA), and multi-fractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MFDFA), for investigating characteristics of vibration time series data from a friction brake. SSA and PCA are used to study the long time-scale characteristics of the time series. MFDFA is applied for investigating all time scales up to the smallest recorded one. It turns out that the majority of the long time-scale dynamics, that is presumably dominated by the structural dynamics of the brake system, is dominated by very few active dimensions only and can well be understood in terms of low dimensional chaotic attractors. The multi-fractal analysis shows that the fast dynamical processes originating in the friction interface are in turn truly multi-scale in nature.

Nikolay K. Vitanov; Norbert P. Hoffmann; Boris Wernitz

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

29

Airborne wear particles railway research group FEM Simulation of train disc brake behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Airborne wear particles railway research group FEM Simulation of train disc brake behavior a modern train disc brake with brake caliper and high speed pads. During braking, a considerable amount. A model of train brake caliper Aim The overall aim of the MSc degree project is to develop a thermoelastic

Haviland, David

30

Development of Diagnostic Algorithms for Air Brakes in Trucks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for di erent clearances and supply pressures : : : 6 4 Modes of operation of the air brake system [19] : : : : : : : : : : : : 11 5 A simpli ed layout of air brake system for a tractor : : : : : : : : : : 15 6 S-cam foundation brake..., causing it to rotate the slack adjuster. The slack adjuster, in turn, rotates 15 Fig. 5. A simpli ed layout of air brake system for a tractor the S-cam as it is connected to the S-cam through a splined shaft. The rotational mo- tion of the S-cam pushes...

Dhar, Sandeep

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

31

Measurement and control of brake pedal feel quality in automobile manufacturing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Customer perception of brake pedal feel quality, as related to the perception of the brake pedal feeling soft or mushy, depends on both the customer's subjective judgment of quality and the actual build quality of the brake ...

Cerilles, Jeffrey T. (Jeffrey Thomas)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

E-Print Network 3.0 - air brakes Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

brakes to predominantly air disc brakes. Compare and contrast the impact of such conversions in Europe... Energy Efficiency in Heavy Vehicle Tires, Drivetrains, and ......

33

E-Print Network 3.0 - antilock brake systems Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

such as trucks, tractor... -trailers and buses. In these brake systems, compressed air is used as the energy transmitting medium to actuate... the foundation brakes mounted...

34

E-Print Network 3.0 - anti-lock braking system Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

such as trucks, tractor... -trailers and buses. In these brake systems, compressed air is used as the energy transmitting medium to actuate... the foundation brakes mounted...

35

A pressure control scheme for air brakes in commercial vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research is focused on developing a control scheme for regulating the pressure in the brake chamber of an air brake system found in most commercial vehicles like trucks, tractor-trailers and buses. Such a control scheme can be used...

Bowlin, Christopher Leland

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

36

Many applications require brakes, for instance to decelerate or to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surfaces in order to generate the braking torque. Typically, actuators Statically balancing A team of TU an error occurs in the process of a robotic arm. The energy consumption and actuation force of these brakes is very high. A team of TU Delft scientists developed a method to reduce the energy consumption

37

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2010 Honda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Honda Honda Civic Hybrid VIN: JHMFA3F24AS005577 Seatbelt Positions: 5 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Front Disc Brakes Rear Disc Brakes Front Wheel Drive Regenerative Braking Anti-Lock Brakes Traction Control Air Bags AM/FM Stereo with CD State of Charge Meter 1 Weights Design Curb Weight: 2877 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 2982 lb Distribution F/R (%): 57/43 GVWR: 3792 lb GAWR F/R: 1973/1841 lb Payload 2 : 810 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb Dimensions Wheelbase: 106.3 in Track F/R: 59.1/60.2 in Length: 177.3 in Width: 69.0 in Height: 56.3 in Ground Clearance: 6.0 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in Tires Manufacturer: Bridgestone

38

Investigation of aerodynamic braking devices for wind turbine applications  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the selection and preliminary design of a new aerodynamic braking system for use on the stall-regulated AWT-26/27 wind turbines. The goal was to identify and design a configuration that offered improvements over the existing tip brake used by Advanced Wind Turbines, Inc. (AWT). Although the design objectives and approach of this report are specific to aerodynamic braking of AWT-26/27 turbines, many of the issues addressed in this work are applicable to a wider class of turbines. The performance trends and design choices presented in this report should be of general use to wind turbine designers who are considering alternative aerodynamic braking methods. A literature search was combined with preliminary work on device sizing, loads and mechanical design. Candidate configurations were assessed on their potential for benefits in the areas of cost, weight, aerodynamic noise, reliability and performance under icing conditions. As a result, two configurations were identified for further study: the {open_quotes}spoiler-flap{close_quotes} and the {open_quotes}flip-tip.{close_quotes} Wind tunnel experiments were conducted at Wichita State University to evaluate the performance of the candidate aerodynamic brakes on an airfoil section representative of the AWT-26/27 blades. The wind tunnel data were used to predict the braking effectiveness and deployment characteristics of the candidate devices for a wide range of design parameters. The evaluation was iterative, with mechanical design and structural analysis being conducted in parallel with the braking performance studies. The preliminary estimate of the spoiler-flap system cost was $150 less than the production AWT-26/27 tip vanes. This represents a reduction of approximately 5 % in the cost of the aerodynamic braking system. In view of the preliminary nature of the design, it would be prudent to plan for contingencies in both cost and weight.

Griffin, D.A. [R. Lynette & Associates, Seattle, WA (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2010 Smart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Smart Smart Fortwo MHD VIN: WME4513341K406476 Seatbelt Positions: 2 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Front Disc Brakes Rear Drum Brakes Rear Wheel Drive Anti-Lock Brakes Traction Control Air Bags AM/FM Stereo with CD player Weights Design Curb Weight:1,818 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 1.742 lb Distribution F/R (%):44/56 GVWR: 2,244 lb GAWR F/R: 968/1,452 lb Payload 1 : 426 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb Dimensions Wheelbase: 73.5 in Track F/R: 50.5/54.5 in Length: 106.1 in Width: 61.4 in Height: 60.7 in Ground Clearance: 6.25 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in Tires Manufacturer: Continental Model: ContiproContact Size: Front -P155/60/R15

40

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mazda 3 Mazda 3 VIN: JMZBLA4G601111865 Seatbelt Positions: 5 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Front Disc Brakes Rear Disc Brakes Front Wheel Drive Anti-Lock Brakes Traction Control Air Bags AM/FM Stereo with CD Weights Design Curb Weight: 2,954 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 2,850 lb Distribution F/R (%): 63/37 GVWR: 4,050 lb GAWR F/R: 2,057/1,896 lb Payload 1 : 1,096 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb Dimensions Wheelbase: 103.9 in Track F/R: 60.4/59.8 in Length: 175.6 in Width: 69.1 in Height: 57.9 in Ground Clearance: 6.1 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in Tires Manufacturer: Yokohama Model: YK520 Size: P205/55R17 Pressure F/R: 35/33 psi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Modeling the pneumatic relay valve of an s-cam air brake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistics indicate that defects in brake system contribute significantly to fatal crashes involving commercial vehicles. Hence there is a need for developing preventive and active safety measures for assessing the performance of an air brake system...

Vilayannur Natarajan, Shankar

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

42

Fuzzy logic electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system using fuzzy logic for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensor and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, and requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs fuzzy logic based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control operation of the electric traction motor and to the brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control.

Cikanek, Susan R. (Wixom, MI)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Evaluation of driver braking performance to an unexpected object in the roadway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

components, specifically whether the equation accurately reflects driver and vehicle behaviors during a braking maneuver. This research evaluated the two components of the SSD equation. Four field studies were conducted that evaluated driver braking...

Picha, Dale Louis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

44

E-Print Network 3.0 - air brake association Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

... Source: Southwest Region University Transportation Center Collection: Engineering ; Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 2 Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment...

45

Switched reluctance motor based electromechanical brake-by-wire system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents an overview of electronic braking systems using SR (Switched Reluctance) machines. The advantages presented by this structure when compared to the conventional hydraulic systems are discussed. A justification for the choice of the SRM as a valid candidate is provided, with a detailed analysis of its control structure and performance. Experimental results obtained using a digital signal processor are also presented.

S. Underwood; A. Khalil; I. Husain; H. Klode; B. Lequesne; S. Gopalakrishnan; A. Omekanda

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

A mathematical model for air brake systems in the presence of leaks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

model for an air brake system in the presence of leaks. Brake systems in trucks are crucial for ensuring the safety of vehicles and passengers on the roadways. Most trucks in the US are equipped with S-cam drum brake systems and they are sensitive.... Overview Air brake systems are used in heavy commercial vehicles like buses, straight trucks and combination vehicles such as tractor-trailers[1]. More than 85% of the commer- cial vehicles in the US are equipped with S-cam drum brakes[2]. Proper...

Ramaratham, Srivatsan

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

47

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic braking Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for an Urban Electric Vehicle Summary: , Automatic Braking, Electric Vehicles, Personal Rapid Transit, Public Transit, Advanced Vehicle Control... the design modification,...

48

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive brake materials Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

such as trucks, tractor... -trailers and buses. In these brake systems, compressed air is used as the energy transmitting medium to ... Source: Southwest Region University...

49

Modeling the pneumatic subsystem of a S-cam air brake system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The air brake system is one of the critical components in ensuring the safe operation of any commercial vehicle. This work is directed towards the development of a fault-free model of the pneumatic subsystem of the air brake system. This model can...

Coimbatore Subramanian, Shankar

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

50

Vehicle yaw control via coordinated use of steering/braking systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vehicle yaw control via coordinated use of steering/braking systems M. Doumiati, O. Sename, J. Martinez, L. Dugard P. Gaspar, Z. Szabo, J. Bokor Gipsa-Lab UMR CNRS 5216, Control Systems Department with steer- ing/braking coordination task for vehicle yaw control. For steerability enhancement, only active

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

51

Integrated vehicle dynamics control via coordination of active front steering and rear braking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

front steering and rear braking in a driver- assist system for vehicle yaw control. The proposed control system aims at stabilizing the vehicle while achieving a desired yaw rate. During normal driving braking could be used for yaw rate control. An active suspension system, by controlling the wheel load

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

52

Fault tolerant control of automatically controlled vehicles in response to brake system failures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the brake system is vital. In this thesis, nonlinear failure detection filters are used for fault detection of sensors and actuators in a class of nonlinear systems. In this thesis, the effects of brake system failures in an AHS where the vehicle steering...

Hsien, Li-Wei

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

53

Plant and Environment Interactions Arsenic Accumulation in the Hyperaccumulator Chinese Brake and Its Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a greenhouse. At recently, however, has Chinese brake (Pteris vittata L.)harvest, the Chinese brake produced soils (0.47­7.56 mg As kg 1 ),concentration to water-soluble arsenic in soil) of 1450 and a transloca to remediate arsenic contaminated soils. schullat, 2000), soil arsenic concentration (Jiang and Singh, 1994

Ma, Lena

54

A MODEL OF MAGNETIC BRAKING OF SOLAR ROTATION THAT SATISFIES OBSERVATIONAL CONSTRAINTS  

SciTech Connect

The model of magnetic braking of solar rotation considered by Charbonneau and MacGregor has been modified so that it is able to reproduce for the first time the rotational evolution of both the fastest and slowest rotators among solar-type stars in open clusters of different ages, without coming into conflict with other observational constraints, such as the time evolution of the atmospheric Li abundance in solar twins and the thinness of the solar tachocline. This new model assumes that rotation-driven turbulent diffusion, which is thought to amplify the viscosity and magnetic diffusivity in stellar radiative zones, is strongly anisotropic with the horizontal components of the transport coefficients strongly dominating over those in the vertical direction. Also taken into account is the poloidal field decay that helps to confine the width of the tachocline at the solar age. The model's properties are investigated by numerically solving the azimuthal components of the coupled momentum and magnetic induction equations in two dimensions using a finite element method.

Denissenkov, Pavel A., E-mail: pavel.denisenkov@gmail.co [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055, Victoria, B.C., V8W 3P6 (Canada)

2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

55

Microsoft PowerPoint - Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment poster.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynamic Brake Assessment Dynamic Brake Assessment Purpose Conduct a proof-of-concept test to examine the feasibility of developing an on-board system to assess a vehicle's ability to stop based on typical low-pressure in-service braking events. Partnerships H.T. Hackney Company MGM Brakes Overview Funded through the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's Vehicle and Roadside Operations Division Concept stemming from on the Department of Energy's Medium Truck Duty Cycle research as well as previous research conducted for the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration. Signals to be collected Real-time brake application pressure Vehicle speed and acceleration GPS location and grade information Vehicle weight (current load) Engine parameters such as RPM and torque To be conducted October 2010 -

56

Wind turbine trailing-edge aerodynamic brake design  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the design of a centrifugally actuated aerodynamic-overspeed device for a horizontal-axis wind turbine. The device will meet the following criteria; (1) It will be effective for airfoil angles of attack 0{degrees} to 45{degrees}. (2) It will be stowed inside the blade profile prior to deployment. (3) It will be capable of offsetting the positive torque produced by the overall blade. (4) Hinge moments will be minimized to lower actuator loads and cost. (5) It will be evaluated as a potential power modulating active rotor-control system. A literature review of aerodynamic braking devices was conducted. Information from the literature review was used to conceptualize the most effective devices for subsequent testing and design. Wind-tunnel test data for several braking devices are presented in this report. Using the data for the most promising configuration, a preliminary design was developed for a MICON 65/13 wind turbine with Phoenix 7.9-m rotor blades.

Quandt, G.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Effect of Nanoclay Reinforcement on the Friction Braking Performance of Hybrid Phenolic Friction Composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Friction composite formulation consisting of decreasing nanoclay/lapinus fibres content, increasing graphite/aramid fibres ... is adopted for evaluating braking performance. The nanoclay content (?2.25wt.%) enha...

Tej Singh; Amar Patnaik

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Achieving Consistent Maximum Brake Torque with Varied Injection Timing in a DI Diesel Engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the characteristics of combustion for swept injection timings along the maximum brake torque plateau are determined. The research is conducted by varying injection timing at constant engine speed and load while measuring engine emissions and in-cylinder pressure...

Kroeger, Timothy H

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

59

2009 BMW MINI EVAmerica fact sheet.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3230 lb 3230 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 3306 lb Distribution F/R: 51/49 % GVWR: 3660 lb Payload 2 : 354 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 97.1 inches Track F/R: 57.4/57.8 inches Length: 145.6 inches Width: 66.3 inches Height: 55.4 inches Ground Clearance: 6.0 inches Performance Goal: 5.0 inches CHARGER Level 1: Location: On-board Type: Conductive Input Voltages: 120VAC Level 2: Location: Off-board Type: Conductive Input Voltages: 240 VAC © 2009 Electric Transportation Applications All Rights Reserved BASE VEHICLE: 2009 BMW MINI E Seatbelt Positions: Two Standard Features: Front Wheel Drive Front Disc and Rear Disc Brakes Regenerative Braking With Coast Down Three-Point Safety Belts Speedometer Odometer State-Of-Charge Meter BATTERY Type: Lithium Ion Number of Modules: 48

60

Microsoft Word - solcar95.html  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FORCE FORCE VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS CONVERTED VEHICLE Base Vehicle: 1995 Geo Metro VIN:2C1MR529XS6783464 Seatbelt Positions: Three Standard Features: Power Brakes Front Disk Brakes Front Wheel Drive Dual Air Bags AM/FM Stereo Radio w/Cassette Electric Heater Options as Tested: None BATTERY Manufacturer: GM Ovonic Type: 13.2EV85 Nickel Metal Hydride Number of Modules: 14 Weight of Module: 18 kg Weight of Pack(s): 254 kg Pack Locations: Undertrunk/Underhood Nominal Module Voltage: 13.2 V Nominal System Voltage: 185 V Nominal Capacity (1C): 85 Ah WEIGHTS Design Curb Weight: 2246 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 2304 lbs Distribution F/R: 50/50 % GVWR: 2755 lbs GAWR F/R: 1432/1366 lbs Payload: 451 lbs Performance Goal: 664 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 93.5 inches

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Low frequency vibrations in disc brakes at high car speed. Part II: mathematical model and simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present paper, a mathematical model is constructed for judder in disc brakes at high speed. Vehicle suspension is modelled by means of finite elements. Vibration modes and frequencies are derived that can be used in the classification of modes in main and secondary based in the relative disc-calliper displacement; the finite element model is also used as well as in forced-response analysis. Brake pads are defined through the friction coefficient as a function of speed, pressure, and temperature, in light of which one may consider the various braking conditions and types of pad. Since the line of reasoning introduces equivalent-damping terms into the equations of dynamics, these equations cannot be uncoupled by means of modal transformation. Two techniques are proposed for the solution of the problem. One of these consists in an examination of the 'main-modes', while the other is based on direct integration of the quasi-uncoupled equations. A computer program has been implemented which allows the simulation of this kind of judder with different pads, brake systems and braking conditions.

R. Aviles; G. Hennequet; E. Amezua; J. Vallejo

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Genetic programming approach to predict torque and brake specific fuel consumption of a gasoline engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents genetic programming (GP) based model to predict the torque and brake specific fuel consumption a gasoline engine in terms of spark advance, throttle position and engine speed. The objective of this study is to develop an alternative robust formulations based on experimental data and to verify the use of GP for generating the formulations for gasoline engine torque and brake specific fuel consumption. Experimental studies were completed to obtain training and testing data. Of all 81 data sets, the training and testing sets consisted of randomly selected 63 and 18 sets, respectively. Considerable good performance was achieved in predicting gasoline engine torque and brake specific fuel consumption by using GP. The performance of accuracies of proposed GP models are quite satisfactory (R2=0.9878 for gasoline engine torque and R2=0.9744 for gasoline engine brake specific fuel consumption). The prediction of proposed GP models were compared to those of the neural network modeling, and strictly good agreement was observed between the two predictions. The proposed GP formulation is quite accurate, fast and practical.

Necla Togun; Sedat Baysec

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment Conduct a proof-of-concept  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment Purpose Conduct a proof-of-concept test to examine the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's Vehicle and Roadside Operations Division Concept stemming conducted for the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration. Signals to be collected Real

64

Mechanically versus electro-magnetically braked cycle ergometer: performance and energy cost of the Wingate Anaerobic Test  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Performance and metabolic profiles of the Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) were compared between a mechanically resisted (ME) and an electro-magnetically braked (EE) cycle ergometer. Fifteen healthy subjects (24....

D. Micklewright; A. Alkhatib; R. Beneke

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

The effectiveness of using the calculated braking current for longitudinal differential protection of 110 - 750 kV shunt reactors  

SciTech Connect

The use of the function of effective current braking of the longitudinal differential protection of shunt reactors to offset current surges, which enables the sensitivity of differential protection to be increased when there are short circuits with low damage currents, is considered. It is shown that the use of the calculated braking characteristic enables the reliability of offset protection from transients to be increased when the reactor is connected, which is accompanied by the flow of asymmetric currents containing an aperiodic component.

Vdovin, S. A. [JSC 'E and E' (Russian Federation); Shalimov, A. S. [LLC Selekt Co. (Russian Federation)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Gravity, Dimension, Equilibrium, & Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Is it actually possible to interpret gravitation as space's property in a pure classical way. Then, we note that extended self-gravitating system equilibrium depends directly on the number of dimension of the space in which it evolves. Given those precisions, we review the principal thermodynamical knowledge in the context of classical gravity with arbitrary dimension of space. Stability analyses for bounded 3D systems, namely the Antonov instability paradigm, are then rapproched to some amazing properties of globular clusters and galaxies.

Jerome Perez

2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

67

DOES MAGNETIC-FIELD-ROTATION MISALIGNMENT SOLVE THE MAGNETIC BRAKING CATASTROPHE IN PROTOSTELLAR DISK FORMATION?  

SciTech Connect

Stars form in dense cores of molecular clouds that are observed to be significantly magnetized. In the simplest case of a laminar (non-turbulent) core with the magnetic field aligned with the rotation axis, both analytic considerations and numerical simulations have shown that the formation of a large, 10{sup 2} AU scale, rotationally supported protostellar disk is suppressed by magnetic braking in the ideal MHD limit for a realistic level of core magnetization. This theoretical difficulty in forming protostellar disks is termed the ''magnetic braking catastrophe''. A possible resolution to this problem, proposed by Hennebelle and Ciardi and Joos et al., is that misalignment between the magnetic field and rotation axis may weaken the magnetic braking enough to enable disk formation. We evaluate this possibility quantitatively through numerical simulations. We confirm the basic result of Joos et al. that the misalignment is indeed conducive to disk formation. In relatively weakly magnetized cores with dimensionless mass-to-flux ratio {approx}> 4, it enabled the formation of rotationally supported disks that would otherwise be suppressed if the magnetic field and rotation axis are aligned. For more strongly magnetized cores, disk formation remains suppressed, however, even for the maximum tilt angle of 90 Degree-Sign . If dense cores are as strongly magnetized as indicated by OH Zeeman observations (with a mean dimensionless mass-to-flux ratio {approx}2), it would be difficult for the misalignment alone to enable disk formation in the majority of them. We conclude that, while beneficial to disk formation, especially for the relatively weak field case, misalignment does not completely solve the problem of catastrophic magnetic braking in general.

Li Zhiyun [Astronomy Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Krasnopolsky, Ruben; Shang, Hsien [Academia Sinica, Theoretical Institute for Advanced Research in Astrophysics, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

THE BRAKING INDEX OF PSR J1734-3333 AND THE MAGNETAR POPULATION  

SciTech Connect

PSR J1734-3333 is a radio pulsar rotating with a period P = 1.17 s and slowing down with a period derivative P-dot =2.28x10{sup -12}, the third largest among rotation-powered pulsars. These properties are midway between those of normal rotation-powered pulsars and magnetars, two populations of neutron stars that are notably different in their emission properties. Here we report on the measurement of the second period derivative of the rotation of PSR J1734-3333 and calculate a braking index n = 0.9 {+-} 0.2. This value is well below 3, the value expected for an electromagnetic braking due to a constant magnetic dipole, and indicates that this pulsar may soon have the rotational properties of a magnetar. While there are several mechanisms that could lead to such a low braking index, we discuss this observation, together with the properties exhibited by some other high- P-dot rotation-powered pulsars, and interpret it as evidence of a possible evolutionary route for magnetars through a radio-pulsar phase, supporting a unified description of the two classes of the object.

Espinoza, C. M.; Lyne, A. G. [Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Kramer, M. [MPI fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, 53121 Bonn (Germany); Manchester, R. N. [Australia Telescope National Facility, CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia); Kaspi, V. M., E-mail: cme@jb.man.ac.uk [Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Design Principles of a flywheel Regenerative Braking System (f-RBS) for Formula SAE type racecar and system testing on a Virtual Test Rig modeled on MSC ADAMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

momentum in the industry [4]. These vehicles (BEVs and HEVS) use electric motor/generator pairs to propel themselves and to recapture braking energy (electric RBS) and the power source is the battery. The regenerative braking system uses a generator..., aerodynamic and road losses. 4. Improvised Transmission design to reduce losses. 5. Hybrid and Alternative Energy Propulsion systems e.g. the Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV), the Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV). 6. Recycling Braking energy Storage and reuse...

Pochiraju, Anirudh

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

70

Big Mysteries: Extra Dimensions  

SciTech Connect

The weakness of gravity compared to the other subatomic forces is a real mystery. While nobody knows the answer, one credible solution is that gravity has access to more spatial dimensions than the other three known forces. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln describes this idea, with the help of some very urbane characters.

Lincoln, Don

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

71

Big Mysteries: Extra Dimensions  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The weakness of gravity compared to the other subatomic forces is a real mystery. While nobody knows the answer, one credible solution is that gravity has access to more spatial dimensions than the other three known forces. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln describes this idea, with the help of some very urbane characters.

Lincoln, Don

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

72

Probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)  

SciTech Connect

In its most recent report on the annual probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the annual failure rate is calculated to be 1.3E({minus}7)(1/yr), rounded off from 1.32E({minus}7). A calculation by the Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) produces a result that is about 4% higher, namely 1.37E({minus}7)(1/yr). The difference is due to a minor error in the US Department of Energy (DOE) calculations in the Westinghouse 1996 report. WIPP`s hoist safety relies on a braking system consisting of a number of components including two crucial valves. The failure rate of the system needs to be recalculated periodically to accommodate new information on component failure, changes in maintenance and inspection schedules, occasional incidents such as a hoist traveling out-of-control, either up or down, and changes in the design of the brake system. This report examines DOE`s last two reports on the redesigned waste hoist system. In its calculations, the DOE has accepted one EEG recommendation and is using more current information about the component failures rates, the Nonelectronic Parts Reliability Data (NPRD). However, the DOE calculations fail to include the data uncertainties which are described in detail in the NPRD reports. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission recommended that a system evaluation include mean estimates of component failure rates and take into account the potential uncertainties that exist so that an estimate can be made on the confidence level to be ascribed to the quantitative results. EEG has made this suggestion previously and the DOE has indicated why it does not accept the NRC recommendation. Hence, this EEG report illustrates the importance of including data uncertainty using a simple statistical example.

Greenfield, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sargent, T.J. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)]|[Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Hoover Institution

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Thermo-mechanical characterization of nano filled and fiber reinforced brake friction materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Brake friction materials filled with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and nanoclay have been fabricated and characterize for thermo-mechanical properties. Thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) show that the stability of the friction composites increased with increase in MWCNT and nanoclay contents. Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) of the composite have been carried out to characterize the storage modulus (E?) loss modulus (E?) and damping factor (Tan ?) as a function of temperature. The storage and loss modulus show a maxima at lower content of MWCNT and nanoclay.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Solar tracker motor having a fixed caliper and a translating caliper each with an electromagnetic brake system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Concepts and technologies described herein provide for an accurate and cost-effective method for rotating a solar array disk for tracking the movement of the sun. According to various aspects, a motor includes a fixed caliper and a translating caliper positioned adjacent to one another. Electromagnetically controlled brakes on the translating caliper grip the solar array disk while adjacent, but spaced apart, electromagnets on the fixed caliper and the translating caliper are energized to create an attractive force that pulls the translating caliper with the solar array disk toward the fixed caliper. After reaching the fixed caliper, brakes on the fixed caliper are engaged with the disk, brakes on the translating caliper are released from the disk, and the translating caliper is pushed back to the starting location where the process repeats until the desired rotation is completed.

Rau, Scott James

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

75

Fault detection and diagnosis within a wind turbine mechanical braking system using condition monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable energy sources have a key role to play in the global energy mix as a means of reducing the impact of energy production on climate change. Wind energy is the most developed of all renewable energy technologies with more than 200GW of globally installed capacity as of 2011. Analyses of wind farm maintenance costs show that up to 40% of the outlay is related to unexpected component failures that lead to costly unscheduled amendments. Wind farm operators are constantly looking for new technological developments in condition monitoring that can contribute to the minimisation of wind turbine maintenance expenditure. Early fault detection through condition monitoring can help prevent major breakdowns as well as significantly decrease associated costs. Moreover it enables the optimisation of maintenance schedules, reduces downtime, increases asset availability and enhances safety and operational reliability. Faults in the braking system are of particularly concern since they can result in catastrophic failure of the wind turbine. The present study investigates online condition monitoring based on voltages and currents for mechanical wind turbine brake system fault diagnosis.

M. Entezami; S. Hillmansen; P. Weston; M.Ph. Papaelias

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Rotational evolution of the Crab pulsar in the wind braking model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The pulsar wind model is updated by considering the effect of particle density and pulsar death. It can describe both the short term and long term rotational evolution of pulsars consistently. It is applied to model the rotational evolution of the Crab pulsar. The pulsar is spun down by a combination of magnetic dipole radiation and particle wind. The parameters of the Crab pulsar, including magnetic field, inclination angle, and particle density are calculated. The particle density in acceleration region is about 10^3 times the Goldreich-Julian charge density. The lower braking index between glitches is due to a larger particle density. This may be glitch induced magnetospheric activities in normal pulsars. Evolution of braking index and the Crab pulsar in P-Pdot diagram are calculated. The Crab pulsar will evolve from magnetic dipole radiation dominated case towards particle wind dominated case. Considering the effect of pulsar "death", the Crab pulsar (and other normal pulsars) will not evolve to the clust...

Kou, F F

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Use of an auditory signal in a rear-end collision warning system: effects on braking force and reaction time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

driving game. Superimposed on the game screen was the image of a car which appeared to the driver to be ahead of him/her. The image enlarged in size, appearing to be a car applying its brakes. The participant was instructed to react as he would in a real...

Hopkins, Jennifer Susan

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

CityCarControl : an electric vehicle drive-by-wire solution for distributed steering, braking and throttle control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose CityCarControl, a system to manage the steering, braking, and throttle of a new class of intra-city electric vehicles. These vehicles have a focus on extreme light-weight and a small parking ...

Brown, Thomas B., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Topological Insulators in Three Dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study three-dimensional generalizations of the quantum spin Hall (QSH) effect. Unlike two dimensions, where a single Z2 topological invariant governs the effect, in three dimensions there are 4 invariants distinguishing 16 phases with two general classes: weak (WTI) and strong (STI) topological insulators. The WTI are like layered 2DQSH states, but are destroyed by disorder. The STI are robust and lead to novel topological metal surface states. We introduce a tight binding model which realizes the WTI and STI phases, and we discuss its relevance to real materials, including bismuth.

Liang Fu; C. L. Kane; E. J. Mele

2007-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

80

Low-Income Weatherization: The Human Dimension  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation focuses on how the human dimension saves energy within low-income weatherization programs.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Astronomy and the Fifth Dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Astronomy is a precise and relatively simple science because objects accelerate in a gravitational field at the same rate, irrespective of their composition. Galileo knew this, and Einstein took it as the basis for general relativity. Surprisingly, it is also a consequence of new theories that use a fifth dimension.

Paul S. Wesson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Cosmology With Dynamical Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nearly every attempt to unify the fundamental forces incorporates the idea of compact extra dimensions. The notion was introduced by Kaluza and Klein in the 1920s and is an essential part of contemporary string theory and M-theory. In most treatments the extra dimensions are static. We consider the consequences of extra dimensions with time-varying radii. The radii are modeled by light scalar fields. These may have unusual properties which produce observable effects, such as non-canonical kinetic energies, couplings to matter and radiation, and non- minimal coupling to gravity. Extra dimensions may be responsible for dark energy in the late universe. The simplest model of dark energy is characterized by its equation of state. We show that constraints placed on realistic models by the universality of free fall, variation of fundamental constants and metric tests of gravity are often stricter than bounds on the equation of state. Testing the equivalence principle maybe an effective way of distinguishing some qu...

Erickson, J K

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Vehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 26, No.4, October 1996, pp.301-320. Traction/Braking Force Distribution for Optimal Longitudinal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as the desired level of vehicle yaw motion, and the control system was designed to follow the yaw motion commandVehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 26, No.4, October 1996, pp.301-320. Traction/Braking Force in the past twenty years through the use of electronic devices. Four-wheel-steering (4WS) systems have been

Peng, Huei

84

Hydraulic Drivetrain and Regenerative Braking Team 13: Andrew Brown, Karan Desai, Andrew McGrath, Hurst Nuckols, Grant Wilson Adviser: Dr. Andrew Jackson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The main components of the model include an electric motor, hydraulic pump, hydraulic motor and two 1 flow during regenerative braking Electric Motor: Provides rotational energy to the hydraulic drivetrain (% kinetic energy recovered) 24.73% Drivetrain Efficiency 67.02% Overall Efficiency 53.47% Current Electric

Carpick, Robert W.

85

An analysis of the annual probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) previously analyzed the probability of a catastrophic accident in the waste hoist of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) and published the results in Greenfield (1990; EEG-44) and Greenfield and Sargent (1993; EEG-53). The most significant safety element in the waste hoist is the hydraulic brake system, whose possible failure was identified in these studies as the most important contributor in accident scenarios. Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division has calculated the probability of an accident involving the brake system based on studies utilizing extensive fault tree analyses. This analysis conducted for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) used point estimates to describe the probability of failure and includes failure rates for the various components comprising the brake system. An additional controlling factor in the DOE calculations is the mode of operation of the brake system. This factor enters for the following reason. The basic failure rate per annum of any individual element is called the Event Probability (EP), and is expressed as the probability of failure per annum. The EP in turn is the product of two factors. One is the {open_quotes}reported{close_quotes} failure rate, usually expressed as the probability of failure per hour and the other is the expected number of hours that the element is in use, called the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes}. In many instances the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes} will be the number of operating hours of the brake system per annum. However since the operation of the waste hoist system includes regular {open_quotes}reoperational check{close_quotes} tests, the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes} for standby components is reduced in accordance with the specifics of the operational time table.

Greenfield, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sargent, T.J.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Design and test of a wet type helium turbo-expander with an alternator as a brake  

SciTech Connect

A wet type helium turbo-expander with expected adiabatic efficiency of 70% at inlet pressure, temperature, and outlet pressure of 1.3 MPa, 6.0 K, and 0.2 MPa, respectively, has been developed. An alternator is adopted as a brake where a permanent magnet is held in the turbine shaft. And a self-acting gas bearing is used at thrust and journal bearings. An electromagnet supports thrust bearing to lift up the thrust disk when initiating operation. Design mass flow rate of the turbine is determined to be 60 g/s, corresponding to the JT mass flow rate in the existing helium liquefier/refrigerator. In the cryogenic performance test, the turbine had increased helium liquefaction rate by four times larger than the liquefaction rate without turbine operation.

Kato, T.; Miyake, A.; Kawano, K.; Hamada, K.; Hiyama, T.; Iwamoto, S.; Ebisu, H.; Tsuji, H. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Ibaraki-ken (Japan); Saji, N.; Kaneko, Y. [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)] [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

87

Solar energy generation in three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We formulate, solve computationally and study experimentally the problem of collecting solar energy in three dimensions. We demonstrate that absorbers and reflectors can be combined in the absence of sun tracking to build ...

Bernardi, Marco

88

Title: China Dimensions Data Collection Data Creator /  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Title: China Dimensions Data Collection Data Creator / Copyright Owner: Center for International holds wide range of natural science and socioeconomic research and educational activities of China. These databases are integrated with agricultural, land use, environmental, socioeconomic data to track China

89

The curse of dimension in nonparametric regression  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to three dimensions. Rotating teapot: This consists ofimages of a rotating teapot, each 3050 pixels in size. ThusAvg of max diam square n Teapot dataset ? n : Avg of max

Kpotufe, Samory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Learning from data with low intrinsic dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

we use the rotating teapot dataset (to predict the angle ofof images of a rotating teapot, each 30 50 pixels in size.dimension estimate radius Teapot dataset (? = 0.01) local

Verma, Nakul; Verma, Nakul

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Large-dimension, high-ZT Thermoelectric Nanocomposites for High...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Large-dimension, high-ZT Thermoelectric Nanocomposites for High-Power High-efficiency Waste Heat Recovery for Electricity Generation Large-dimension, high-ZT Thermoelectric...

92

Widget:RemovePDFImageDimensions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

from PDF images. This is a temporary measure until PdfHandler extension properly gets landscapeportrait dimensions from PDF files. Usage: Widget:RemovePDFImageDimensions...

93

White Paper Societal Dimensions of Earth System Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Societal Dimensions of Earth System Modeling July 5, 2011 #12; 2 Executive Summary · A Societal Dimensions of Earth System Modeling workshop was held

94

symmetry magazine | dimensions of particle physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

symmetry magazine symmetry magazine symmetry magazine dimensions of particle physics dimensions of particle physics A joint Fermilab/SLAC publication Search form Search Search Facebook Twitter RSS Feed subscribe masthead contact Home Departments application breaking commentary contest Day in the life Deconstruction Essay explain it in 60 seconds feature gallery Logbook Signal to background Science Topics applied science astrophysics Cosmic Frontier dark energy dark matter Energy Frontier extra dimensions Higgs boson Intensity Frontier neutrinos underground science Image Bank Archives Full Archives PDF Issues Print Editions sections subscribe application breaking commentary contest day in the life deconstruction essay explain it in 60 seconds feature gallery logbook signal to background Full Archives PDF Issues Print Editions

95

SOME IDEALS WITH LARGE PROJECTIVE DIMENSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. For an ideal I in a polynomial ring over a field, a monomial support of I is the set of monomials that appear as terms in a set of minimal generators of I. Craig Huneke asked whether the size of a monomial support is a bound for the projective dimension of the ideal. We construct an example to show that, if the number of variables and the degrees of the generators are unspecified, the projective dimension of I grows at least exponentially with the size of a monomial support. The ideal we construct is generated by monomials and binomials. 1.

Giulio Caviglia; Manoj Kummini

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Bose-Fermi Mixtures in One Dimension  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze the phase stability and the response of a mixture of bosons and spin-polarized fermions in one dimension (1D). Unlike in 3D, phase separation happens for low fermion densities. The dynamics of the mixture at low energy is independent of the spin-statistics of the components, and the modes are essentially undamped.

Kunal K. Das

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

The Environmental Justice Dimensions of Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Environmental Justice Dimensions of Climate Change Marie Lynn Miranda, Douglas A. Hastings to mitigate the severe impacts of climate change predicted to occur in the twenty-first century. Many with climate change. This study investigates the varying degrees to which developing and developed nations

98

APPLYING THE ZACHMAN FRAMEWORK DIMENSIONS TO SUPPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APPLYING THE ZACHMAN FRAMEWORK DIMENSIONS TO SUPPORT BUSINESS PROCESS MODELING Pedro Sousa123.caetano, jose.tribolet}@inov.pt Business process models assist business and information technology managers with disparate blueprints for the same process and no formal procedures to sort out their relevance. In fact

99

Broken Scale Invariance and Anomalous Dimensions  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Mack and Kastrup have proposed that broken scale invariance is a symmetry of strong interactions. There is evidence from the Thirring model and perturbation theory that the dimensions of fields defined by scale transformations will be changed by the interaction from their canonical values. We review these ideas and their consequences for strong interactions.

Wilson, K. G.

1970-05-00T23:59:59.000Z

100

Type II Einstein spacetimes in higher dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This short note shows that many of the results derived by Pravda et al (Class. Quant. Grav. 24 4407-4428) for higher-dimensional Type D Einstein spacetimes can be generalized to all Einstein spacetimes admitting a multiple WAND; the main new result being the extension to include the Type II case. Examples of Type D Einstein spacetimes admitting non-geodesic multiple WANDs are given in all dimensions greater than 4.

Mark Durkee

2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The Hausdorff dimension in polymerized quantum gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the Hausdorff dimension, $d_H$, and the correlation function exponent, $\\eta$, for polymerized two dimensional quantum gravity models. If the non-polymerized model has correlation function exponent $\\eta_0 >3$ then $d_H=\\gamma^{-1}$ where $\\gamma$ is the susceptibility exponent. This suggests that these models may be in the same universality class as certain non-generic branched polymer models.

Martin G. Harris; John F. Wheater

1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

102

Invisible Higgs in large extra dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the possibility of detecting a Higgs boson in electron-positron collider experiments if large extra dimensions are realized in nature. In such a case, the Higgs boson can decay invisibly by oscillating into a graviscalar Kaluza-Klein (KK) tower. We show that the search for such a Higgs at an $e^+ e^-$ linear collider entails more complications than are usually thought of in relation to an invisibly decaying Higgs.

Jari Laamanen

2005-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

103

Standard Model scales from warped extra dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If in the Randall and Sundrum RS1 model the inverse of the compactification radius, the AdS curvature scale, and the five and four-dimensional Planck scales are equal in size, as is natural, then the warp factor at the location of the low energy brane is of value 1/pi. So that all scales derive from locations in the space, we identify the extra dimension with the infinite covering space of the S1/Z2 orbifold. The extra dimension is then essentially a series of connected line intervals, punctuated by branes. Scales on successive branes in the extra dimension descend from Planck scale in a geometric sequence of common ratio 1/pi. Evidence is provided for such a sequence within the spectrum of particle masses, and of a second geometric sequence, of common ratio 2/pi, which suggests that the AdS spacetime is six-dimensional and doubly warped. The scales of the Standard Model lie at coincident levels within the two sequences. A third sequence, of common ratio 1/e, provides a symmetrical framework for the Standard Model and points to a warped product spacetime.

Bernard Riley

2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

104

Economical quantum cloning in any dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility of cloning a d-dimensional quantum system without an ancilla is explored, extending on the economical phase-covariant cloning machine found in [Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 60}, 2764 (1999)] for qubits. We prove the impossibility of constructing an economical version of the optimal universal cloning machine in any dimension. We also show, using an ansatz on the generic form of cloning machines, that the d-dimensional phase-covariant cloner, which optimally clones all uniform superpositions, can be realized economically only in dimension d=2. The used ansatz is supported by numerical evidence up to d=7. An economical phase-covariant cloner can nevertheless be constructed for d>2, albeit with a lower fidelity than that of the optimal cloner requiring an ancilla. Finally, using again an ansatz on cloning machines, we show that an economical version of the Fourier-covariant cloner, which optimally clones the computational basis and its Fourier transform, is also possible only in dimension d=2.

Thomas Durt; Jaromir Fiurasek; Nicolas J. Cerf

2004-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

105

Edinburgh Research Explorer From 'Implications' to 'Dimensions': Science, Medicine and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Edinburgh Research Explorer From 'Implications' to 'Dimensions': Science, Medicine and Ethics in Society Citation for published version: Pickersgill, MD 2013, 'From 'Implications' to 'Dimensions': Science, Medicine and Ethics in Society: science, medicine and ethics in society' Health care analysis

Millar, Andrew J.

106

Gravitation in 2+1 dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate gravitational field theories in 2+1-spacetime dimensions. The consequences of the lack of a Newtonian limit to general relativity are reviewed. Further insight into the implications of this fact is gained by considering a new, general class of exact hydrostatic solutions. We show that all self-gravitating polytropic structures have the same gravitational mass and produce matter-filled spaces of finite spatial volume. Other theories of gravitation are also considered and the behavior of one such theory with a Newtonian limit is studied. Cosmological solutions of these gravitational theories are also studied in detail.

N. J. Cornish and N. E. Frankel

1991-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

107

Instantons and Massless Fermions in Two Dimensions  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

The role of instantons in the breakdown of chiral U(N) symmetry is studied in a two dimensional model. Chiral U(1) is always destroyed by the axial vector anomaly. For N = 2 chiral SU(N) is also spontaneously broken yielding massive fermions and three (decoupled) Goldstone bosons. For N greater than or equal to 3 the fermions remain massless. Realistic four dimensional theories are believed to behave in a similar way but the critical N above which the fermions cease to be massive is not known in four dimensions.

Callan, C. G. Jr.; Dashen, R.; Gross, D. J.

1977-05-00T23:59:59.000Z

108

Black Holes and Sub-millimeter Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, a new framework for solving the hierarchy problem was proposed which does not rely on low energy supersymmetry or technicolor. The fundamental Planck mass is at a TeV and the observed weakness of gravity at long distances is due the existence of new sub-millimeter spatial dimensions. In this letter, we study how the properties of black holes are altered in these theories. Small black holes---with Schwarzschild radii smaller than the size of the new spatial dimensions---are quite different. They are bigger, colder, and longer-lived than a usual $(3+1)$-dimensional black hole of the same mass. Furthermore, they primarily decay into harmless bulk graviton modes rather than standard-model degrees of freedom. We discuss the interplay of our scenario with the holographic principle. Our results also have implications for the bounds on the spectrum of primordial black holes (PBHs) derived from the photo-dissociation of primordial nucleosynthesis products, distortion of the diffuse gamma-ray spectrum, overcl...

Argyres, Philip C; March-Russell, John David; Argyres, Philip C.; Dimopoulos, Savas; March-Russell, John

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Energy security: Definitions, dimensions and indexes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Energy security has been an actively studied area in recent years. Various facets have been covered in the literature. Based on a survey of 104 studies from 2001 to June 2014, this paper reports the findings on the following: energy security definitions, changes in the themes of these definitions, energy security indexes, specific focused areas and methodological issues in the construction of these indexes, and energy security in the wider context of national energy policy. It is found that the definition of energy security is contextual and dynamic in nature. The scope of energy security has also expanded, with a growing emphasis on dimensions such as environmental sustainability and energy efficiency. Significant differences among studies are observed in the way in which energy security indexes are framed and constructed. These variations introduce challenges in comparing the findings among studies. Based on these findings, recommendations on studying energy security and the construction of energy security indexes are presented.

B.W. Ang; W.L. Choong; T.S. Ng

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Solar Energy Generation in Three Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing the conversion of solar energy to electricity is central to the World's future energy economy. Flat photovoltaic panels are commonly deployed in residential and commercial rooftop installations without sun tracking systems and using simple installation guidelines to optimize solar energy collection. Large-scale solar energy generation plants use bulky and expensive sun trackers to avoid cosine losses from photovoltaic panels or to concentrate sunlight with mirrors onto heating fluids.[1,2] However, none of these systems take advantage of the three-dimensional nature of our biosphere, so that solar energy collection largely occurs on flat structures in contrast with what is commonly observed in Nature.[3,4] Here we formulate, solve computationally and study experimentally the problem of collecting solar energy in three-dimensions.[5] We demonstrate that absorbers and reflectors can be combined in the absence of sun tracking to build three-dimensional photovoltaic (3DPV) structures that can generate ...

Bernardi, Marco; Wan, Jin H; Villalon, Rachelle; Grossman, Jeffrey C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Large extra dimensions and cosmological problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider a variant of the brane-world model in which the universe is the direct product of a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) space and a compact hyperbolic manifold of dimension d>~2. Cosmology in this space is particularly interesting. The dynamical evolution of the space-time leads to the injection of a large entropy into the observable (FRW) universe. The exponential dependence of surface area on distance in hyperbolic geometry makes this initial entropy very large, even if the CHM has a relatively small diameter (in fundamental units). The very large statistical averaging inherent in the collapse of the initial entropy onto the brane acts to smooth out initial inhomogeneities. This smoothing is then sufficient to account for the current homogeneity of the universe. With only mild fine-tuning, the current flatness of the universe can also then be understood. Finally, recent brane-world approaches to the hierarchy problem can be readily realized within this framework.

Glenn D. Starkman; Dejan Stojkovic; Mark Trodden

2001-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

112

The human dimension of program evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Social science issues play an important role in the evaluation of demand-side management (DSM) programs. In the very early years of DSM program evaluation in the United States, there was a fair amount of social science research applied to the behavioral aspects of energy efficiency. Since the mid-1980s, however, there has been a heavy emphasis on impact evaluation, technical measurement, and engineering methodologies. Although some have articulated the need to integrate behavioral research into energy evaluation, most emphasis has tended to center on the technical/engineering aspects. Increasingly, however, the realization is growing that it is necessary to integrate important behavioral variables into impact evaluation techniques. In addition, it is being further recognized that behavioral research questions are central to a number of critical evaluation issues: e.g., design of samples for evaluation studies, net energy savings, self-selection bias, free riders and free drivers, persistence of energy savings, process evaluation, and market impact evaluation. Finally, it is increasingly being realized that the utilization of evaluation results relies heavily on behavioral factors. Social science researchers should be poised to expect a greatly expanded role of behavioral research in evaluation. As new techniques are developed and perfected, as the results of impact evaluations become more abundant, and as the gap between technical energy savings potential and realized savings becomes more visible, research regarding the ``human dimension`` of program evaluation will be crucial. This paper provides an overview of the human dimension of program evaluation and focuses on key evaluation issues in demand-side management which will require the use of social science research for addressing these issues.

Vine, E.L.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Gauge and Higgs Boson Masses from an Extra Dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present novel calculations of the mass hierarchy of the $SU(2)$ pure gauge theory on a space-time lattice with an orbifolded fifth dimension. This theory has three parameters; the gauge coupling $\\beta$, the anisotropy $\\gamma$, which is a measure of the ratio of the lattice spacing in the four dimensions to that in the fifth dimension, and the extent of the extra dimension $N_{5}$. Using a large basis of scalar and vector operators we explore in detail the spectrum along the $\\gamma = 1$ line, and for the first time we investigate the spectrum for $\\gamma \

Graham Moir; Peter Dziennik; Nikos Irges; Francesco Knechtli; Kyoko Yoneyama

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

114

Design and dimensioning of pressure vessel for a marine substation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis presents the mechanical design and dimensioning of a pressure vessel, which is to be used as housing for a marine substation in (more)

Eriksson, Lars

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Gauge and Higgs Boson Masses from an Extra Dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present novel calculations of the mass hierarchy of the $SU(2)$ pure gauge theory on a space-time lattice with an orbifolded fifth dimension. This theory has three parameters; the gauge coupling $\\beta$, the anisotropy $\\gamma$, which is a measure of the ratio of the lattice spacing in the four dimensions to that in the fifth dimension, and the extent of the extra dimension $N_{5}$. Using a large basis of scalar and vector operators we explore in detail the spectrum along the $\\gamma = 1$ line, and for the first time we investigate the spectrum for $\\gamma \

Moir, Graham; Irges, Nikos; Knechtli, Francesco; Yoneyama, Kyoko

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Accelerating Universe from Extra Spatial Dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a simple higher dimensional FRW type of model where the acceleration is apparently caused by the presence of the extra dimensions. Assuming an ansatz in the form of the deceleration parameter we get a class of solutions some of which shows the desirable feature of dimensional reduction as well as reasonably good physical properties of matter. Interestingly we do not have to invoke an extraneous scalar field or a cosmological constant to account for this acceleration. One argues that the terms containing the higher dimensional metric coefficients produces an extra negative pressure that apparently drives the inflation of the 4D space with an accelerating phase. It is further found that in line with the physical requirements our model admits of a decelerating phase in the early era along with an accelerating phase at present.Further the models asymptotically mimic a steady state type of universe although it starts from a big type of singularity. Correspondence to Wesson's induced matter theory is also briefly discussed and in line with it it is argued that the terms containing the higher dimensional metric coefficients apparently creates a negative pressure which drives the inflation of the 3-space with an accelerating phase.

S. Chatterjee; A. Banerjee; Y. Z. Zhang

2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

117

Brane Stabilization and Regionality of Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extra dimensions are a common feature of beyond the Standard Model physics. In a braneworld scenario, local physics on the brane can depend strongly on the brane's location within the bulk. Generically, the relevant properties of the bulk manifold for the physics on/of the brane are neither local nor global, but depend on the structure of finite regions of the bulk, even for locally homogeneous and isotropic bulk geometries. In a recent work, various mechanisms (in a braneworld context) were considered to stabilize the location of a brane within bulk spaces of non-trivial topology. In this work we elaborate on and generalize that work by considering additional bulk and brane dimensionalities as well as different boundary conditions on the bulk scalar field that provides a Casimir force on the brane, providing further insight on this effect. In D=2+1 (D=5+1) we consider both local and global contributions to the effective potential of a 1-brane (4-brane) wrapped around both the 2-dimensional hyperbolic horn and Euclidean cone, which are used as toy models of an extra-dimensional manifold. We calculate the total energy due to brane tension and elastic energy (extrinsic curvature) as well as that due to the Casimir energy of a bulk scalar satisfying both Dirchlet and Neumann boundary conditions on the brane. In some cases stable minima of the potential are found that result from the competition of at least two of the contributions. Generically, any one of these effects may be sufficient when the bulk space has less symmetry than the manifolds considered here. We highlight the importance of the Casimir effect for the purpose of brane stabilization.

David M. Jacobs; Glenn D. Starkman; Andrew J. Tolley

2014-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

118

The Heat Equation (One Space Dimension) In these notes we derive the heat equation for one space dimension. This partial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Heat Equation (One Space Dimension) In these notes we derive the heat equation for one space dimension. This partial differential equation describes the flow of heat energy, and consequently the behaviour of the temperature, in an idealized long thin rod, under the assumptions that heat energy neither

Feldman, Joel

119

Upper and lower limits on the Crab pulsar's astrophysical parameters set from gravitational wave observations by LIGO: braking index and energy considerations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Laser Interferometer Gravitational Observatory (LIGO) has recently reached the end of its fifth science run (S5), having collected more than a year worth of data. Analysis of the data is still ongoing but a positive detection of gravitational waves, while possible, is not realistically expected for most likely sources. This is particularly true for what concerns gravitational waves from known pulsars. In fact, even under the most optimistic (and not very realistic) assumption that all the pulsar's observed spin-down is due to gravitational waves, the gravitational wave strain at earth from all the known isolated pulsars (with the only notable exception of the Crab pulsar) would not be strong enough to be detectable by existing detectors. By August 2006, LIGO had produced enough data for a coherent integration capable to extract signal from noise that was weaker than the one expected from the Crab pulsar's spin-down limit. No signal was detected, but beating the spin-down limit is a considerable achievement for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC). It is customary to translate the upper limit on strain from a pulsar into a more astrophysically significant upper limit on ellipticity. Once the spin-down limit has been beaten, it is possible to release the constraint that all the spin-down is due to gravitational wave emission. A more complete model with diverse braking mechanisms can be used to set limits on several astrophysical parameters of the pulsar. This paper shows possible values of such parameters for the Crab pulsar given the current limit on gravitational waves from this neutron star.

Giovanni Santostasi

2008-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

120

Extremal charged rotating dilaton black holes in odd dimensions  

SciTech Connect

Employing higher-order perturbation theory, we find a new class of charged rotating black hole solutions of Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory with general dilaton coupling constant. Starting from the Myers-Perry solutions, we use the electric charge as the perturbative parameter, and focus on extremal black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta in odd dimensions. We perform the perturbations up to 4th order for black holes in 5 dimensions and up to 3rd order in higher odd dimensions. We calculate the physical properties of these black holes and study their dependence on the charge and the dilaton coupling constant.

Allahverdizadeh, Masoud; Kunz, Jutta; Navarro-Lerida, Francisco [Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Oldenburg, Postfach 2503 D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany); Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Ciencias Fisicas Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Extremal Charged Rotating Dilaton Black Holes in Odd Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Employing higher order perturbation theory, we find a new class of charged rotating black hole solutions of Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory with general dilaton coupling constant. Starting from the Myers-Perry solutions, we use the electric charge as the perturbative parameter, and focus on extremal black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta in odd dimensions. We perform the perturbations up to 4th order for black holes in 5 dimensions and up to 3rd order in higher odd dimensions. We calculate the physical properties of these black holes and study their dependence on the charge and the dilaton coupling constant.

Masoud Allahverdizadeh; Jutta Kunz; Francisco Navarro-Lerida

2010-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

122

A REPORT ON CRITICAL DIMENSIONS OF CYLINDERS | OSTI, US Dept...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DIMENSIONS OF CYLINDERS Re-direct Destination: Temp Data Fields Keen, R. C. Temp Data Storage 3: Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US) Short URL for this Page http:t.osti.gov3rH...

123

NLO BFKL and anomalous dimensions of light-ray operators  

SciTech Connect

This presentation covers: Regge limit in the coordinate space; BFKL representation of 4-point correlation function in N = 4 SYM; light-ray operators; DGLAP representation of 4-point correlation function; and anomalous dimensions from DGAP vs BFKL representations.

Balitsky, Ian [JLAB, Old Dominion U.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

TASI 2004 Lectures on the Phenomenology of Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phenomenology of large, warped, and universal extra dimensions is reviewed. Characteristic signals are emphasized rather than an extensive survey. This is the writeup of lectures given at the Theoretical Advanced Study Institute in 2004.

Graham D. Kribs

2006-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

125

Loop quantum cosmology in 2+1 dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a first step to generalize the structure of loop quantum cosmology to the theories with the spacetime dimension other than four, the isotropic model of loop quantum cosmology in 2+1 dimension is studied in this paper. We find that the classical big bang singularity is again replaced by a quantum bounce in the model. The similarities and differences between the 2+1 dimensional model and the 3+1 dimensional one are also discussed.

Xiangdong Zhang

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

126

On the dimension of subspaces with bounded Schmidt rank  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the question of how large a subspace of a given bipartite quantum system can be when the subspace contains only highly entangled states. This is motivated in part by results of Hayden et al., which show that in large d x d--dimensional systems there exist random subspaces of dimension almost d^2, all of whose states have entropy of entanglement at least log d - O(1). It is also related to results due to Parthasarathy on the dimension of completely entangled subspaces, which have connections with the construction of unextendible product bases. Here we take as entanglement measure the Schmidt rank, and determine, for every pair of local dimensions dA and dB, and every r, the largest dimension of a subspace consisting only of entangled states of Schmidt rank r or larger. This exact answer is a significant improvement on the best bounds that can be obtained using random subspace techniques. We also determine the converse: the largest dimension of a subspace with an upper bound on the Schmidt rank. Finally, we discuss the question of subspaces containing only states with Schmidt equal to r.

T. S. Cubitt; A. Montanaro; A. Winter

2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

127

WHY do we live in 3+1 dimensions?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

abstract: Noticing that really the fermions of the Standard Model are best thought of as Weyl - rather than Dirac - particles (relative to fundamental scales located at some presumably very high energies) it becomes interesting that the experimental space-time dimension is singled out by the Weyl equation: It is observed that precisely in the experimentally true space-time dimensionality 4=3+1 the number of linearly independent matrices n_{Weyl}^2 dimensionized as the matrices in the Weyl equation equals the dimension d. So just in this dimension (in fact, also in a trivial case d=1) do the sigma-matrices of the Weyl-equation form a basis. It is also characteristic for this dimension that there is no degeneracy of helicity states of the Weyl spinor for all nonzero momenta. We would like to interpret these features to signal a special ``form stability'' of the Weyl equation in the phenomenologically true dimension of space-time. In an attempt of making this stability to occur in an as large as possible basin o...

Nielsen, Holger Bech; Holger Bech Nielsen; Svend Erik Rugh

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Why Do We Live in 3+1 Dimensions?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Noticing that really the fermions of the Standard Model are best thought of as Weyl - rather than Dirac - particles (relative to fundamental scales located at some presumably very high energies) it becomes interesting that the experimental space-time dimension is singled out by the Weyl equation: It is observed that precisely in the experimentally true space-time dimensionality 4=3+1 the number of linearly independent matrices $n_{Weyl}^2$ dimensionized as the matrices in the Weyl equation equals the dimension $d$. So just in this dimension (in fact, also in a trivial case $d=1$) do the sigma-matrices of the Weyl-equation form a basis. It is also characteristic for this dimension that there is no degeneracy of helicity states of the Weyl spinor for all nonzero momenta. We would like to interpret these features to signal a special ``form stability'' of the Weyl equation in the phenomenologically true dimension of space-time. In an attempt of making this stability to occur in an as large as possible basin of allowed modifications we discuss whether it is possible to define what we could possibly mean by ``stability of Natural laws''.

Holger Bech Nielsen; Svend Erik Rugh

1994-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

129

Team Massachusetts Brings a Fourth Dimension to the Solar Decathlon |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Team Massachusetts Brings a Fourth Dimension to the Solar Decathlon Team Massachusetts Brings a Fourth Dimension to the Solar Decathlon Team Massachusetts Brings a Fourth Dimension to the Solar Decathlon July 14, 2011 - 11:57am Addthis Team Massachusetts' Project Manager Spencer Culhane puts the finishing touches on the team's design model. | Courtesy of the Team Massachusetts Flickr photostream Team Massachusetts' Project Manager Spencer Culhane puts the finishing touches on the team's design model. | Courtesy of the Team Massachusetts Flickr photostream Erik Hyrkas Erik Hyrkas Media Relations Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy In honor of the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon -- which challenges 20 collegiate teams to design, build, and operate solar-powered houses that are cost-effective, energy-efficient, and attractive -- we are

130

Team Massachusetts Brings a Fourth Dimension to the Solar Decathlon |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Team Massachusetts Brings a Fourth Dimension to the Solar Decathlon Team Massachusetts Brings a Fourth Dimension to the Solar Decathlon Team Massachusetts Brings a Fourth Dimension to the Solar Decathlon July 14, 2011 - 11:57am Addthis Team Massachusetts' Project Manager Spencer Culhane puts the finishing touches on the team's design model. | Courtesy of the Team Massachusetts Flickr photostream Team Massachusetts' Project Manager Spencer Culhane puts the finishing touches on the team's design model. | Courtesy of the Team Massachusetts Flickr photostream Erik Hyrkas Erik Hyrkas Media Relations Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy In honor of the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon -- which challenges 20 collegiate teams to design, build, and operate solar-powered houses that are cost-effective, energy-efficient, and attractive -- we are

131

Affordability Contest Adds New Dimension to Solar Decathlon 2011 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Affordability Contest Adds New Dimension to Solar Decathlon 2011 Affordability Contest Adds New Dimension to Solar Decathlon 2011 Affordability Contest Adds New Dimension to Solar Decathlon 2011 September 27, 2011 - 10:20am Addthis Matt Hansen reviews each team’s design drawings and construction specifications to estimate the total construction cost of its house. (Credit: Alexis Power/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon) Matt Hansen reviews each team's design drawings and construction specifications to estimate the total construction cost of its house. (Credit: Alexis Power/U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon) Alexis Powers EDITOR'S NOTE: Originally posted on the Solar Decathlon News Blog on September 26, 2011. The big buzz word in Washington, D.C., these days is budget. In the solar village at West Potomac Park, cost savings are top of mind for the

132

On the selection of dimension reduction techniques for scientific applications  

SciTech Connect

Many dimension reduction methods have been proposed to discover the intrinsic, lower dimensional structure of a high-dimensional dataset. However, determining critical features in datasets that consist of a large number of features is still a challenge. In this paper, through a series of carefully designed experiments on real-world datasets, we investigate the performance of different dimension reduction techniques, ranging from feature subset selection to methods that transform the features into a lower dimensional space. We also discuss methods that calculate the intrinsic dimensionality of a dataset in order to understand the reduced dimension. Using several evaluation strategies, we show how these different methods can provide useful insights into the data. These comparisons enable us to provide guidance to a user on the selection of a technique for their dataset.

Fan, Y J; Kamath, C

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

133

Method to Evaluate the Fractal Dimensions of Solid Adsorbents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This method enables the evaluation of the fractal dimensions of adsorbents by employing a single adsorption isotherm and data available for a reference adsorbent. ... 1,2 When the size of the adsorbate is varied through a series of values, the fractal dimension of a zeolite may be determined as2 where nm represents the number of moles adsorbed as a so-called monolayer (actually the formation of a true monolayer should not be expected in the case of adsorption on zeolites), f is a constant, and v denotes the molar volume of the adsorbate. ...

Melkon Tatl?er; Ay?e Erdem-?enatalar

1999-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

134

Nonrelativistic Levinsons theorem in D dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Levinson theorem for the Schrdinger equation with a spherically symmetric potential in D dimensions is uniformly established by the Sturm-Liouville theorem. It is shown that the Levinson theorem for the cases without a half bound state does not depend on the spatial dimension D, namely, the phase-shift ?l(0) of the scattering state with angular momentum l at zero momentum is equal to the total number nl of bound states multiplied by ?. When a half bound state occurs the Levinson theorem may be modified.

Shi-Hai Dong and Zhong-Qi Ma

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Canonical formulation of scalar curvature squared action in higher dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The canonical formulation for an action containing a scalar curvature squared term (R2) in arbitrary dimension has been performed in a Robertson-Walker minisuperspace model. The quantum dynamics does not alter significantly from the same in four dimensions, while the continuity equation picks up a particular operator-ordering index. The classical solution is also at par with the one presented by Starobinsky for k=0 and matches with the extremum of the effective potential. Semiclassical approximation peaks around the classical solution.

Subhra Debnath; Soumendranath Ruz; Abhik Kumar Sanyal

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

136

Reviewing the human dimensions of wildlife management and recreation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reviewing the human dimensions of wildlife management and recreation Mariella Marzano Norman Dandy and the Recreational Use of Forests" (Marzano & Dandy 2011) · Overview of disturbance relating to recreational off path/trail)? 2. How do recreational users perceive their own and others' impacts on wildlife

137

Coset-Space String Compactification Leading To 14 Subcritical Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using sigma-model approach, we study a class of coset spaces with torsion which compactify the D=26 closed bose-string theory. Requiring also that massless chiral fermions arise from the geometry/topology of coset space, we are left with the unique possibility: it implies D=14 subcritical dimensions and the isometry group G_2 X G_2.

A. M. Gavrilik

2001-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

138

Reliability: The Other Dimension of Quality William Q. Meeker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the relationship between engineering quality and reliability and outline the role of statistics and statisticiansReliability: The Other Dimension of Quality William Q. Meeker Department of Statistics Iowa State in the use of statistical methods for product quality. Tools for process monitoring and, particularly

139

Dimensioning hospital wards using the Erlang loss model Corresponding author  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dimensioning hospital wards using the Erlang loss model Corresponding author: A.M. de Bruin (MSc professionals, hospital consultants, and managers. In these discussions the occupancy rate is of great importance and often used as an input parameter. Most hospitals use the same target occupancy rate for all

140

Dimension-5 operators in a Gauge Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the novel features in a model with Gauge Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking. If the messenger fields have positive R-parity, there will be new sources of flavor violations. We show that the dimension-5 operators will be quite important. When dressing these operators by wino-loops, the constraints on them by the present data are given.

Da-Xin Zhang

2004-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Fusion Frames and Robust Dimension Reduction Ali Pezeshki  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fusion Frames and Robust Dimension Reduction Ali Pezeshki Princeton University Princeton, NJ 08544 fusion frame measurements in presence noise and subspace erasures. Each fusion frame mea- surement is a low-dimensional vector whose elements are inner products of an orthogonal basis for a fusion frame

Kutyniok, Gitta

142

Liquid pair correlations in four spatial dimensions: Theory versus simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using liquid integral equation theory, we calculate the pair correlations of particles that interact via a smooth repulsive pair potential in d = 4 spatial dimensions. We discuss the performance of different closures for the Ornstein-Zernike equation, by comparing the results to computer simulation data. Our results are of relevance to understand crystal and glass formation in high-dimensional systems.

M. Heinen; J. Horbach; H. Lwen

2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

143

EXTREMAL CONFIGURATIONS OF ROBOT ARMS IN THREE DIMENSIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EXTREMAL CONFIGURATIONS OF ROBOT ARMS IN THREE DIMENSIONS DIRK SIERSMA Abstract. We define a volume function for a robot arm in R3 and give geometric conditions for its critical points. 1. Introduction configurations of planar polygonal linkages and open robot arms considered as the critical points of the oriented

Siersma, Dirk

144

Constructing Nonabelian (1,0) Hypermultiplet Theories in Six Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a class of nonabelian superconformal (1,0) hypermultiplet theories in six dimensions by introducing an abelian auxiliary field. The gauge fields of this class of theories are non-dynamical, and this class of theories can be viewed as Chern-Simons-matter theories in 6D.

Fa-Min Chen

2014-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

145

Stable heteronuclear few-atom bound states in mixed dimensions  

SciTech Connect

We study few-body problems in mixed dimensions where two or three heavy atoms are trapped individually in parallel one-dimensional tubes or two-dimensional disks and a single light atom travels freely in three dimensions. Using the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, we find three- and four-body bound states for a broad parameter region. Specifically, the existence of trimer and tetramer states persists to the negative scattering length regime, where no two-body bound state is present. As pointed out by Y. Nishida in an earlier work [Phys. Rev. A 82, 011605(R) (2010)], these few-body bound states are stable against three-body recombination due to geometric separation. In addition, we find that the binding energy of the ground trimer and tetramer state reaches its maximum value when the scattering lengths are comparable to the separation between the low-dimensional traps.

Yin Tao; Zhang Peng; Zhang Wei [Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872 (China)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

Comment on: Detecting Vanishing Dimensions Via Primordial Gravitational Wave Astronomy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been recently claimed [arXiv:1102.3434] that quantum gravity models where the number of dimensions reduces at the ultraviolet exhibit a potentially observable cutoff in the primordial gravitational wave spectrum, and that this is a "generic" and "robust" test for such models, since "(2+1)-dimensional spacetimes have no gravitational degrees of freedom". We argue that such a claim is misleading.

Thomas P. Sotiriou; Matt Visser; Silke Weinfurtner

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

147

An Effective Model for Crumpling in Two Dimensions?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the crumpling transition for a dynamically triangulated random surface embedded in two dimensions using an effective model in which the disordering effect of the $X$ variables on the correlations of the normals is replaced by a long-range ``antiferromagnetic'' term. We compare the results from a Monte Carlo simulation with those obtained for the standard action which retains the $X$'s and discuss the nature of the phase transition.

C. F. Baillie; D. A. Johnston

1992-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

148

General relativity in two dimensions: A Hamilton-Jacobi analysis  

SciTech Connect

We analyzed the constraint structure of the Einstein-Hilbert first-order action in two dimensions using the Hamilton-Jacobi approach. We were able to find a set of involutive, as well as a set of non-involutive constraints. Using generalized brackets we showed how to assure integrability of the theory, to eliminate the set of non-involutive constraints and how to build the field equations.

Bertin, M.C., E-mail: mcbertin@gmail.co [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, UNESP - Sao Paulo State University, Caixa Postal 70532-2, 01156-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Pimentel, B.M., E-mail: pimentel@ift.unesp.b [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, UNESP - Sao Paulo State University, Caixa Postal 70532-2, 01156-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Pompeia, P.J., E-mail: pedro.pompeia@gmail.co [Divisao de Confiabilidade Metrologica Aeroespacial - Instituto de Fomento e Coordenacao Industrial, Praca Marechal Eduardo Gomes, 50 - Vila das Acacias, 12228-901 Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

149

Particles, Waves and Vacuum in Five Dimensions: A Status Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the 5D canonical metric embeds all 4D vacuum solutions of Einstein's equations, I review its application to the cosmological 'constant', quantized particles, deBroglie waves, scalar fields and wave-particle duality. There are several ways to ra-tionalize these things using an extra dimension. A possible explanation of wave-particle duality is that an observed particle manifests two isometries of flat 5D space in different 4D ways, one with waves and one without.

Paul S. Wesson

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

150

On the roughening transition in the Potts model (q=2, 3) in two and three dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Roughening-respectively depinning-transitions of interfaces between regions...q-state Potts model (q=2, 3) in two and three dimensions. For two dimensions the depinning temperatureT ...

I. Schmidt; W. Pesch

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

A diffusion equation to describe scaleand timedependent dimensions of turbulent interfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the case of scalar interfaces, that fractal dimension...dimension. Turbulent-interfaces geometry can also...submitted to a three-dimensional turbulence. Villermaux...correlation function and measuring its standard deviation. For small...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Inert scalar dark matter in an extra dimension inspired model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we analyze a dark matter model inspired by theories with extra dimensions. The dark matter candidate corresponds to the first Kaluza-Klein mode of a real scalar added to the Standard Model. The tower of new particles enriches the calculation of the relic abundance. For large mass splitting, the model converges to the predictions of the inert singlet dark matter model. For nearly degenerate mass spectrum, coannihilations increase the cross-sections used for direct and indirect dark matter searches. Moreover, the Kaluza-Klein zero mode can mix with the SM higgs and further constraints can be applied.

R. A. Lineros; F. A. Pereira dos Santos

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

153

Effective Theory on Non-Abelian Vortices in Six Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-Abelian vortices in six spacetime dimensions are obtained for a supersymmetric U(N) gauge theory with N hypermultiplets in the fundamental representation. Massless (moduli) fields are identified and classified into Nambu-Goldstone and quasi-Nambu-Goldstone fields. Effective gauge theories for the moduli fields are constructed on the four-dimensional world volume of vortices. A systematic method to obtain the most general form of the effective Lagrangian consistent with symmetry is proposed. The moduli space for the multi-vortices is found to be a vector bundle over the complex Grassmann manifold.

Minoru Eto; Muneto Nitta; Norisuke Sakai

2004-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

154

Commensurate mixtures of ultracold atoms in one dimension  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study binary mixtures of ultracold atoms, confined to one dimension in an optical lattice, with commensurate densities. Within a Luttinger liquid description, which treats various mixtures on equal footing, we derive a system of renormalization group equations at second order, from which we determine the rich phase diagrams of these mixtures. These phases include charge and spin density wave orders, singlet and triplet pairings, polaron pairing [L. Mathey et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 120404 (2004)], and a supersolid phase. Various methods to detect our results experimentally are discussed.

L. Mathey

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

155

Method of forming cavitated objects of controlled dimension  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of controllably varying the dimensions of cavitated objects such as hollow spherical shells wherein a precursor shell is heated to a temperature above the shell softening temperature in an ambient atmosphere wherein the ratio of gases which are permeable through the shell wall at that temperature to gases which are impermeable through the shell wall is substantially greater than the corresponding ratio for gases contained within the precursor shell. As the shell expands, the partial pressures of permeable gases internally and externally of the shell approach and achieve equilibrium, so that the final shell size depends solely upon the difference in impermeable gas partial pressures and shell surface tension.

Anderson, Paul R. (Toledo, OH); Miller, Wayne J. (Ann Arbor, MI)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Method of forming cavitated objects of controlled dimension  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is disclosed of controllably varying the dimensions of cavitated objects such as hollow spherical shells wherein a precursor shell is heated to a temperature above the shell softening temperature in an ambient atmosphere wherein the ratio of gases which are permeable through the shell wall at that temperature to gases which are impermeable through the shell wall is substantially greater than the corresponding ratio for gases contained within the precursor shell. As the shell expands, the partial pressures of permeable gases internally and externally of the shell approach and achieve equilibrium, so that the final shell size depends solely upon the difference in impermeable gas partial pressures and shell surface tension.

Anderson, P.R.; Miller, W.J.

1981-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

157

Search for universal extra dimensions in ppbar collisions  

SciTech Connect

We present a search for Kaluza-Klein (KK) particles predicted by models with universal extra dimensions (UED) using a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 7.3 fb{sup -1}, collected by the D0 detector at a p{bar p} center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The decay chain of KK particles can lead to a final state with two muons of the same charge. This signature is used to set a lower limit on the compactification scale of R{sup -1} > 260 GeV in a minimal UED model.

Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; /Oklahoma U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; /Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd; /Florida State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D.; /Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; /St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K.; /Michigan U. /Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O.; /Northeastern U.; Aoki, Masato; /Fermilab; Askew, Andrew Warren; /Florida State U. /Stockholm U.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Signal Formation in a Detector with one Large Dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the theory for the signal formation in a multi conductor detector with cylindrical geometry and long length. There exists electromagnetic wave propagation along the large dimension of the detector. The system is equivalent to a multi conductor transmission line. The treatment is in the TEM approximation. Each conductor is fed by its current source which is the same as in the case of small size detectors. A simple example is given for a long length Monitored Drift Tube (MDT). One could apply the result to a long micromegas-type detector or any long microstrip detector, ignoring propagation that is transverse to the strips.

Dris, Manolis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Signal Formation in a Detector with one Large Dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the theory for the signal formation in a multi conductor detector with cylindrical geometry and long length. There exists electromagnetic wave propagation along the large dimension of the detector. The system is equivalent to a multi conductor transmission line. The treatment is in the TEM approximation. Each conductor is fed by its current source which is the same as in the case of small size detectors. A simple example is given for a long length Monitored Drift Tube (MDT). One could apply the result to a long micromegas-type detector or any long microstrip detector, ignoring propagation that is transverse to the strips.

Manolis Dris

2014-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

160

BPS domain wall junctions in infinitely large extra dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider models of scalar fields coupled to gravity which are higher-dimensional generalizations of four dimensional supergravity. We use these models to describe domain wall junctions in an antide Sitter background. We derive Bogomolnyi equations for the scalar fields from which the walls are constructed and for the metric. From these equations a BPS-like formula for the junction energy can be derived. We demonstrate that such junctions localize gravity in the presence of more than one uncompactified extra dimension.

Sean M. Carroll; Simeon Hellerman; Mark Trodden

2000-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Anomalous Dimensions in Deformed WZW Models on Supergroups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate a class of current-current, Gross-Neveu like, perturbations of WZW models in which the full left-right affine symmetry is broken to the diagonal global algebra only. Our analysis focuses on those supergroups for which such a perturbation preserves conformal invariance. A detailed calculation of the 2-point functions of affine primary operators to 3-loops is presented. Furthermore, we derive an exact formula for the anomalous dimensions of a large subset of fields to all orders in perturbation theory. Possible applications of our results, including the study of non-perturbative dualities, are outlined.

Candu, Constantin; Schomerus, Volker

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Dimensionally continued Oppenheimer-Snyder gravitational collapse II: solutions in odd dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Lovelock gravity extends the theory of general relativity to higher dimensions in such a way that the field equations remain of second order. The theory has many constant coefficients with no a priori meaning. Nevertheless it is possible to reduce them to two, the cosmological constant and Newton's constant. In this process one separates theories in even dimensions from theories in odd dimensions. In a previous work gravitational collapse in even dimensions was analysed. In this work attention is given to odd dimensions. It is found that black holes also emerge as the final state of gravitational collapse of a regular dust fluid.

Anderson Ilha; Antares Kleber; Jose' P. S. Lemos

1999-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

163

Fermion Masses from Six Dimensions and Implications for Majorana Neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In these notes, we review the main results of our approach to fermion masses. The marge mass ratios between fermions, confronted with a unique breaking mechanism leading to vector bosons masses, led us to consider the possibility that they result from the overlap of fermion wave functions. Such overlaps vary indeed very strongly if the observed fermion families in 4 dimensions originate in a single family in 6 dimensions, through localized wave functions. This framework leads in a natural way to large mass ratios and small mixing angles between quarks. What came as a surprise is that if we impose that neutrinos behave as 2-component ("Majorana") particles in 4D, a completely different situation is obtained for them. Instead of diagonal mass matrices, anti-diagonal ones emerge and lead to a generic prediction of combined inverted hierarchy, large mixing angles in the leptonic sector, and a suppression of neutrinoless-double beta decay placing it at the lower limit of the inverted hierarchy branch, a challenging situation for on-going and planned experiments. Our approach predicted the size of the $\\theta_{13}$ mixing angle before its actual measurement. Possible signals at colliders are only briefly evoked.

J-M Frre; M Libanov; S Mollet; S Troitsky

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

164

Anomalies of discrete symmetries in various dimensions and group cohomology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study 't Hooft anomalies for discrete global symmetries in bosonic theories in 2, 3 and 4 dimensions. We show that such anomalies may arise in gauge theories with topological terms in the action, if the total symmetry group is a nontrivial extension of the global symmetry by the gauge symmetry. Sometimes the 't Hooft anomaly for a d-dimensional theory with a global symmetry G can be canceled by anomaly inflow from a (d+1)-dimensional topological gauge theory with gauge group G. Such d-dimensional theories can live on the surfaces of Symmetry Protected Topological Phases. We also give examples of theories with more severe 't Hooft anomalies which cannot be canceled in this way.

Anton Kapustin; Ryan Thorngren

2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

165

Detecting Vanishing Dimensions Via Primordial Gravitational Wave Astronomy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lower-dimensionality at higher energies has manifold theoretical advantages as recently pointed out. Moreover, it appears that experimental evidence may already exists for it - a statistically significant planar alignment of events with energies higher than TeV has been observed in some earlier cosmic ray experiments. We propose a robust and independent test for this new paradigm. Since (2+1)-dimensional spacetimes have no gravitational degrees of freedom, gravity waves cannot be produced in that epoch. This places a universal maximum frequency at which primordial waves can propagate, marked by the transition between dimensions. We show that this cut-off frequency may be accessible to future gravitational wave detectors such as LISA.

Jonas R. Mureika; Dejan Stojkovic

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

166

2-Step IMAT and 2-Step IMRT in three dimensions  

SciTech Connect

In two dimensions, 2-Step Intensity Modulated Arc Therapy (2-Step IMAT) and 2-Step Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) were shown to be powerful methods for the optimization of plans with organs at risk (OAR) (partially) surrounded by a target volume (PTV). In three dimensions, some additional boundary conditions have to be considered to establish 2-Step IMAT as an optimization method. A further aim was to create rules for ad hoc adaptations of an IMRT plan to a daily changing PTV-OAR constellation. As a test model, a cylindrically symmetric PTV-OAR combination was used. The centrally placed OAR can adapt arbitrary diameters with different gap widths toward the PTV. Along the rotation axis the OAR diameter can vary, the OAR can even vanish at some axis positions, leaving a circular PTV. The width and weight of the second segment were the free parameters to optimize. The objective function f to minimize was the root of the integral of the squared difference of the dose in the target volume and a reference dose. For the problem, two local minima exist. Therefore, as a secondary criteria, the magnitude of hot and cold spots were taken into account. As a result, the solution with a larger segment width was recommended. From plane to plane for varying radii of PTV and OAR and for different gaps between them, different sets of weights and widths were optimal. Because only one weight for one segment shall be used for all planes (respectively leaf pairs), a strategy for complex three-dimensional (3-D) cases was established to choose a global weight. In a second step, a suitable segment width was chosen, minimizing f for this global weight. The concept was demonstrated in a planning study for a cylindrically symmetric example with a large range of different radii of an OAR along the patient axis. The method is discussed for some classes of tumor/organ at risk combinations. Noncylindrically symmetric cases were treated exemplarily. The product of width and weight of the additional segment as well as the integral across the segment profile was demonstrated to be an important value. This product was up to a factor of 3 larger than in the 2-D case. Even in three dimensions, the optimized 2-Step IMAT increased the homogeneity of the dose distribution in the PTV profoundly. Rules for adaptation to varying target-OAR combinations were deduced. It can be concluded that 2-Step IMAT and 2-Step IMRT are also applicable in three dimensions. In the majority of cases, weights between 0.5 and 2 will occur for the additional segment. The width-weight product of the second segment is always smaller than the normalized radius of the OAR. The width-weight product of the additional segment is strictly connected to the relevant diameter of the organ at risk and the target volume. The derived formulas can be helpful to adapt an IMRT plan to altering target shapes.

Bratengeier, Klaus [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Strahlentherapie, Universitaet Wuerzburg, Josef-Schneider-Str. 11, D-97080 Wuerzburg (Germany)

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

167

Realization schemes for quantum instruments in finite dimensions  

SciTech Connect

We present a general dilation scheme for quantum instruments with continuous outcome space in finite dimensions, in terms of a measurement on a finite-dimensional ancilla, described by a positive operator valued measure (POVM). The general result is then applied to a large class of instruments generated by operator frames, which contains group-covariant instruments as a particular case and allows one to construct dilation schemes based on a measurement on the ancilla followed by a conditional feed-forward operation on the output. In the case of tight operator frames, our construction generalizes quantum teleportation and telecloning, producing a whole family of generalized teleportation schemes in which the instrument is realized via a joint POVM at the sender combined with a conditional feed-forward operation at the receiver.

Chiribella, Giulio; Perinotti, Paolo [QUIT Group, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', Universita' di Pavia, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pavia (Italy); D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro [QUIT Group, Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', Universita' di Pavia, via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pavia (Italy); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Center for Photonic Communication and Computing, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

168

Scalar-Composite Model in 6 - 2?Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the model of a composite-scalar made of a pair of scalar fields in 6-2 epsilon dimensions, using equivalence to the renormalizable three-elementary-scalar model under the "compositeness condition." In this model, the composite-scalar field is induced by the quantum effects through the vacuum polarization of elementary-scalar fields with 2N species. We first investigate scale dependences of the coupling constant and masses, in the renormalizable three-elementary-scalar model, and derive the results for the composite model by imposing the compositeness condition. The model exhibits the formerly found general property that the coupling constant of the composite field is independent of the scale.

Keiichi Akama; Takashi Hattori

2006-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

169

On twistors and conformal field theories from six dimensions  

SciTech Connect

We discuss chiral zero-rest-mass field equations on six-dimensional space-time from a twistorial point of view. Specifically, we present a detailed cohomological analysis, develop both Penrose and Penrose-Ward transforms, and analyse the corresponding contour integral formulae. We also give twistor space action principles. We then dimensionally reduce the twistor space of six-dimensional space-time to obtain twistor formulations of various theories in lower dimensions. Besides well-known twistor spaces, we also find a novel twistor space amongst these reductions, which turns out to be suitable for a twistorial description of self-dual strings. For these reduced twistor spaces, we explain the Penrose and Penrose-Ward transforms as well as contour integral formulae.

Saemann, Christian [Maxwell Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Department of Mathematics, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)] [Maxwell Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Department of Mathematics, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); Wolf, Martin [Department of Mathematics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH (United Kingdom)] [Department of Mathematics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH (United Kingdom)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

170

Construction of the Reggeon calculus in 4-? dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the Reggeon field theory in 4-? dimensions. When the Pomeranchuk singularity has intercept 1, the theory cannot be renormalized order by order in the perturbation series. Nevertheless we are able to develop systematic techniques for constructing the Pomeranchuk Green's functions. An integral representation is obtained for the Pomeranchuk propagator which allows us to explicitly display its infrared (l?1, t?0) behavior and to show that the perturbation series is an asymptotic expansion for small values of the coupling constant and for large values of the angular momentum or momentum transfer. We also obtain an integral representation for the intercept renormalization counterterm. We find that for the renormalized Pomeranchuk singularity to have intercept 1, the bare Pomeranchuk pole must have intercept greater than 1.

R. L. Sugar and A. R. White

1974-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

Z2-Regge versus standard Regge calculus in two dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider two versions of quantum Regge calculus: the standard Regge calculus where the quadratic link lengths of the simplicial manifold vary continuously and the Z2 Regge model where they are restricted to two possible values. The goal is to determine whether the computationally more easily accessible Z2 model still retains the universal characteristics of standard Regge theory in two dimensions. In order to compare observables such as the average curvature or Liouville field susceptibility, we use in both models the same functional integration measure, which is chosen to render the Z2 Regge model particularly simple. Expectation values are computed numerically and agree qualitatively for positive bare couplings. The phase transition within the Z2 Regge model is analyzed by mean-field theory.

E. Bittner; A. Hauke; H. Markum; J. Riedler; C. Holm; W. Janke

1999-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

172

The Running coupling BFKL anomalous dimensions and splitting functions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 01 03 21 0v 2 7 Ju n 20 01 Cavendish-HEP-01/03 The Running Coupling BFKL Anomalous Dimensions and Splitting Functions Robert S. Thorne1 Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HE, U... that it is is dominated by the NLO corrections at all values of x below about x = 0.01. For example, using the formulae in [11] the first few terms in the power series for P (x) go like xP (x,Q2) =?s + 2.4?4s?3/6 + 2.1?6s?5/120 + ? ?s(0.43?s + 1.6?2s? + 11.7?...

Thorne, Robert S

173

Inhomogeneous Cooling of the Rough Granular Gas in Two Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the inhomogeneous clustered regime of a freely cooling granular gas of rough particles in two dimensions using large-scale event driven simulations and scaling arguments. During collisions, rough particles dissipate energy in both the normal and tangential directions of collision. In the inhomogeneous regime, translational kinetic energy and the rotational energy decay with time $t$ as power-laws $t^{-\\theta_T}$ and $t^{-\\theta_R}$. We numerically determine $\\theta_T \\approx 1$ and $\\theta_R \\approx 1.6$, independent of the coefficients of restitution. The inhomogeneous regime of the granular gas has been argued to be describable by the ballistic aggregation problem, where particles coalesce on contact. Using scaling arguments, we predict $\\theta_T=1$ and $\\theta_R=1$ for ballistic aggregation, $\\theta_R$ being different from that obtained for the rough granular gas. Simulations of ballistic aggregation with rotational degrees of freedom are consistent with these exponents.

Sudhir N. Pathak; Dibyendu Das; R. Rajesh

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

174

Fermion Generations from "Apple-Shaped" Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the behavior of fermions in the presence of an internal compact 2-manifold which in one of the spherical angles exhibits a conical character with an obtuse angle. The extra manifold can be pictured as an apple-like surface i.e. a sphere with an extra "wedge" insert. Such a surface has conical singularities at north and south poles. It is shown that for this setup one can obtain, in four dimensions, three trapped massless fermion modes which differ from each other by having different values of angular momentum with respect to the internal 2-manifold. The extra angular momentum acts as the family label and these three massless modes are interpreted as the three generations of fundamental fermions.

Merab Gogberashvili; Pavle Midodashvili; Douglas Singleton

2007-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

175

Non-linear scaling of performance appraisal dimensions: application of the ProMES methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of an employee to the organization. For example, one dimension of performance might be the ability of an employee to effectively communicate with co-workers. In order to determine what these performance dimensions might be, interviews were conducted. 22... overall composite, the raw scores were converted to z-scores. In order to do this, the mean and standard deviation were computed for each performance dimension. These calculations were done across the subjects in all three groups. An employee's z...

Hedley, Amie Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

176

Measuring correlation of information quality dimensions using six sigma based product perspective.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research investigates the issues of information quality assessment and management. It takes information as a product, and examines how different information quality dimensions impact (more)

Lee, Sang Hyun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Bi-directional Multi Dimension CAP Transmission for Smart Grid Communication Services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We experimentally demonstrate bi-directional multi dimension carrierless amplitude and phase (CAP) transmission for smart grid communication services based on optical fiber...

Zhang, Xu; Othman, Maisara B; Pang, Xiaodan; Jensen, Jesper Bevensee; Monroy, Idelfonso Tafur

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - address human dimensions Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ON IMAGE PROCESSSING, VOL. 9, NO. 3, MARCH 2000 417 The Vocabulary and Grammar of Color Patterns Summary: , and 11. This dimension also highlights the sensitivity of the...

179

Global Fits of the Minimal Universal Extra Dimensions Scenario  

SciTech Connect

In theories with Universal Extra-Dimensions (UED), the {gamma}{sub 1} particle, first excited state of the hypercharge gauge boson, provides an excellent Dark Matter (DM) candidate. Here we use a modified version of the SuperBayeS code to perform a Bayesian analysis of the minimal UED scenario, in order to assess its detectability at accelerators and with DM experiments. We derive in particular the most probable range of mass and scattering cross sections off nucleons, keeping into account cosmological and electroweak precision constraints. The consequences for the detectability of the {gamma}{sub 1} with direct and indirect experiments are dramatic. The spin-independent cross section probability distribution peaks at {approx} 10{sup -11} pb, i.e. below the sensitivity of ton-scale experiments. The spin-dependent cross-section drives the predicted neutrino flux from the center of the Sun below the reach of present and upcoming experiments. The only strategy that remains open appears to be direct detection with ton-scale experiments sensitive to spin-dependent cross-sections. On the other hand, the LHC with 1 fb{sup -1} of data should be able to probe the current best-fit UED parameters.

Bertone, Gianfranco; /Zurich U. /Paris, Inst. Astrophys.; Kong, Kyoungchul; /SLAC /Kansas U.; de Austri, Roberto Ruiz; /Valencia U., IFIC; Trotta, Roberto; /Imperial Coll., London

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

180

Extra Dimensions: 3D and Time in PDF Documentation  

SciTech Connect

High energy physics is replete with multi-dimensional information which is often poorly represented by the two dimensions of presentation slides and print media. Past efforts to disseminate such information to a wider audience have failed for a number of reasons, including a lack of standards which are easy to implement and have broad support. Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) has in recent years become the de facto standard for secure, dependable electronic information exchange. It has done so by creating an open format, providing support for multiple platforms and being reliable and extensible. By providing support for the ECMA standard Universal 3D (U3D) file format in its free Adobe Reader software, Adobe has made it easy to distribute and interact with 3D content. By providing support for scripting and animation, temporal data can also be easily distributed to a wide audience. In this talk, we present examples of HEP applications which take advantage of this functionality. We demonstrate how 3D detector elements can be documented, using either CAD drawings or other sources such as GEANT visualizations as input. Using this technique, higher dimensional data, such as LEGO plots or time-dependent information can be included in PDF files. In principle, a complete event display, with full interactivity, can be incorporated into a PDF file. This would allow the end user not only to customize the view and representation of the data, but to access the underlying data itself.

Graf, Norman A.; /SLAC

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The Voronoi Tessellation Cluster Finder in 2 1 Dimensions  

SciTech Connect

We present a detailed description of the Voronoi Tessellation (VT) cluster finder algorithm in 2+1 dimensions, which improves on past implementations of this technique. The need for cluster finder algorithms able to produce reliable cluster catalogs up to redshift 1 or beyond and down to 10{sup 13.5} solar masses is paramount especially in light of upcoming surveys aiming at cosmological constraints from galaxy cluster number counts. We build the VT in photometric redshift shells and use the two-point correlation function of the galaxies in the field to both determine the density threshold for detection of cluster candidates and to establish their significance. This allows us to detect clusters in a self-consistent way without any assumptions about their astrophysical properties. We apply the VT to mock catalogs which extend to redshift 1.4 reproducing the ?CDM cosmology and the clustering properties observed in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey data. An objective estimate of the cluster selection function in terms of the completeness and purity as a function of mass and redshift is as important as having a reliable cluster finder. We measure these quantities by matching the VT cluster catalog with the mock truth table. We show that the VT can produce a cluster catalog with completeness and purity >80% for the redshift range up to {approx}1 and mass range down to {approx}10{sup 13.5} solar masses.

Soares-Santos, Marcelle; /Fermilab /Sao Paulo U.; de Carvalho, Reinaldo R.; /Sao Jose, INPE; Annis, James; /Fermilab; Gal, Roy R.; /Hawaii U.; La Barbera, Francesco; /Capodimonte Observ.; Lopes, Paulo A.A.; /Valongo Observ.; Wechsler, Risa H.; Busha, Michael T.; Gerke, Brian F.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

182

Thermodynamics of SU(3) Gauge Theory in 2 + 1 Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The pressure, and the energy and entropy densities are determined for the SU(3) gauge theory in $2 + 1$ dimensions from lattice Monte Carlo calculations in the interval $0.6 \\leq T/T_c \\leq 15$. The finite temperature lattices simulated have temporal extent $N_\\tau = 2, 4, 6$ and 8, and spatial volumes $N_S^2$ such that the aspect ratio is $N_S/N_\\tau = 8$. To obtain the thermodynamical quantities, we calculate the averages of the temporal plaquettes $P_\\tau$ and the spatial plaquettes $P_S$ on these lattices. We also need the zero temperature averages of the plaquettes $P_0$, calculated on symmetric lattices with $N_\\tau = N_S$. We discuss in detail the finite size ($N_S$-dependent) effects. These disappear exponentially. For the zero temperature lattices we find that the coefficient of $N_S$ in the exponent is of the order of the glueball mass. On the finite temperature lattices it lies between the two lowest screening masses. For the aspect ratio equal to eight, the systematic errors coming from the finite size effects are much smaller than our statistical errors. We argue that in the continuum limit, at high enough temperature, the pressure can be parametrized by the very simple formula $p=a-bT_c/T$ where $a$ and $b$ are two constants. Using the thermodynamical identities for a large homogeneous system, this parametrization then determines the other thermodynamical variables in the same temperature range.

P. Bialas; L. Daniel; A. Morel; B. Petersson

2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

183

Instabilities of (near) extremal rotating black holes in higher dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, Durkee and Reall have conjectured a criterion for linear instability of rotating, extremal, asymptotically Minkowskian black holes in $d\\ge 4$ dimensions, such as the Myers-Perry black holes. They considered a certain elliptic operator, $\\cal A$, acting on symmetric traceless tensors intrinsic to the horizon. Based in part on numerical evidence, they suggested that if the lowest eigenvalue, $\\lambda$, of this operator is less than the critical value $-1/4$ ( called "effective BF-bound"), then the black hole is linearly unstable. In this paper, we prove their conjecture. Our proof uses a combination of methods such as (i) the "canonical energy method" of Hollands-Wald, (ii) algebraically special properties of the near horizon geometries associated with the black hole, and (iii) the structure of the (linearized) constraint equations. Our method of proof is also applicable to rotating, extremal asymptotically Anti-deSitter black holes. In that case, our methods show that "all" such black holes are unstable. Although we explicitly discuss in this paper only extremal black holes, we argue that our methods can be generalized straightforwardly to obtain the same results for "near" extremal black holes.

Stefan Hollands; Akihiro Ishibashi

2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

184

Energy Harvesting Enabled Wireless Sensor Networks: Energy Model and Battery Dimensioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Battery Dimensioning 1. INTRODUCTION Advances in micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) as a technologyEnergy Harvesting Enabled Wireless Sensor Networks: Energy Model and Battery Dimensioning Raul to the required energy for the communication process creates the necessity of temporal storage. Unfortu- nately

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

185

MEAN DIMENSION, MEAN RANK, AND VON NEUMANN-L UCK RANK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MEAN DIMENSION, MEAN RANK, AND VON NEUMANN-L ¨UCK RANK HANFENG LI AND BINGBING LIANG Abstract. We introduce an invariant, called mean rank, for any module M of the integral group ring of a discrete amenable group , as an analogue of the rank of an abelian group. It is shown that the mean dimension

Li, Hanfeng

186

to appear: Math. Proc. Cambridge Phil. Soc. MEASURE AND DIMENSION FUNCTIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to appear: Math. Proc. Cambridge Phil. Soc. MEASURE AND DIMENSION FUNCTIONS: MEASURABILITY several years, a new type of geometric measure and dimension have been introduced, the packing measure aspects of dy- namics and measure theory. Packing measure is a sort of dual of Hausdor measure

Mauldin, R. Daniel

187

Combining Multiple Dimensions of Knowledge in API Migration Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining Multiple Dimensions of Knowledge in API Migration Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei1 , Mahdi dimensions of knowledge about APIs so that we can support API migration by wrapping or transformation in new ways. That is, we assess wrapper-based API re-implementations and provide guidance for migrating API

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

188

Quasi-linear symmetric hyperbolic Fuchsian systems in several space dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We establish existence and uniqueness results for the singular initial value problem associated with a class of quasilinear, symmetric hyperbolic, partial differential equations of Fuchsian type in several space dimensions. This is an extension of earlier work by the authors for the same problem in one space dimension.

Ellery Ames; Florian Beyer; James Isenberg; Philippe G. LeFloch

2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

189

THE DEVILS STAIRCASE DIMENSIONS AND MEASURE-THEORETICAL ENTROPY OF MAPS WITH HORIZONTAL GAP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. This work elucidates the measure-theoretical entropy and dimensions of a unimodal map with a horizontal gap. The measure-theoretical entropy and dimensions of the Ft (which is defined later)are shown to form a devils staircase structure with respect to the gap size t. Pesins formula for gap maps is also considered. 1.

Jung-chao Ban; Song-sun Lin

190

Asymptotic High Energy Total Cross Sections and Theories with Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rate at which cross sections grow with energy is sensitive to the presence of extra dimensions in a rather model-independent fashion. We examine how rates would be expected to grow if there are more spatial dimensions than 3 which appear at some energy scale, making connections with black hole physics and string theory. We also review what is known about the corresponding generalization of the Froissart-Martin bound and the experimental status of high energy hadronic cross sections which appear to saturate it up to the experimentally accessible limit of 100 TeV. We discuss how extra dimensions can be searched for in high energy cross section data and find no room for large extra dimensions in present data. Any apparent signatures of extra dimensions at the LHC may have to be interpreted as due to some other form of new physics.

J. Swain; A. Widom; Y. Srivastava

2014-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

191

PERFORMANCE STATISTICS WEIGHTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

90 lbs 90 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 2936 lbs Distribution F/R: 59/41 % GVWR: 3795 lbs GAWR F/R: 2335/2250 lbs Payload: 905 lbs Performance Goal: 400 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 106 inches Track F/R: 59/58 inches Length: 175 inches Width: 67 inches Height: 57.8 inches Ground Clearance: 4.3 inches Performance Goal: 5.0 inches TIRES Tire Mfg: Goodyear Tire Model: Integrity Tire Size: P185/65R15 Tire Pressure F/R: 35/33 psi

192

PERFORMANCE STATISTICS WEIGHTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

40 lbs 40 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 3556 lbs Distribution F/R: 58/42 % GVWR: 4665 lbs GAWR F/R: Unavailable Payload: 1109 lbs Performance Goal: 400 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 109.3 in Track F/R: 62.0/61.6 in Length: 189.2 in Width: 71.7 in Height: 57.9 in Ground Clearance: 5.9 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in TIRES Tire Mfg: Michellin Tire Model: Energy MXV458 Tire Size: P215/60R16 Tire Pressure F/R: 32/32

193

PERFORMANCE STATISTICS WEIGHTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5650 lbs 5650 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 5579 lbs Distribution F/R: 51.8/48.2 GVWR: 7100 lbs GAWR F/R: 3200/4100 lbs Payload: 1521 lbs Performance Goal: 400 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 116.0 in Track F/R: 68.2/67.0 in Length: 202.0 in Width: 79.0 in Height: 74.6 in Ground Clearance: 9.5 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in TIRES Tire Mfg: Bridgestone Tire Model: Dueler H/R Tire Size: P265/65R18 Tire Pressure F/R: 32 psi

194

PERFORMANCE STATISTICS WEIGHTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

27 lbs 27 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 3618 lbs Distribution F/R: 58/42 % GVWR: 4680 lbs GAWR F/R: 2440/2440 lbs Payload: 1062 lbs Performance Goal: 400 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 103.2 inches Track F/R: 61.1/60.2 inches Length: 174.5 inches Width: 71.4 inches Height: 69.5 inches Ground Clearance: 7.8 inches Performance Goal: 5.0 inches TIRES Tire Mfg: Continental Tire Model: EcoPlus Tire Size: P235/70R16

195

Insight REV dbk.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

67 lbs 67 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 1959 lbs Distribution F/R: 61/39 % GVWR: 2380 lbs GAWR F/R: 1355/1035 lbs Payload: 411 lbs Performance Goal: 400 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 94.5 inches Track F/R: 56.5/52.2 inches Length: 155.1 inches Width: 66.7 inches Height: 51.5 inches Ground Clearance: 4.6 inches Performance Goal: 5.0 inches TIRES Tire Mfg: Bridgestone Tire Model: Potenza Tire Size: 165/65R14

196

PERFORMANCE STATISTICS WEIGHTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3474 lbs 3474 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 3435 lbs GVWR: 4718 lbs GAWR F/R: 2491/2436 lbs Distribution F/R: % Payload: 1283 lbs Performance Goal: 400 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 106.6 in Track F/R: 61.0/61.0 in Length: 181.3 in Width: 71.6 in Height: 65.3 in Ground Clearance: 7.0 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in TIRES Tire Mfg: General Tire Model: Ameri GS60 Tire Size: P215/70R16 Tire Pressure F/R: 35/35 psi

197

On the projective dimension and the unmixed part of three cubics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let R be a polynomial ring over a field in an unspecified number of variables. We prove that if J ? R is an ideal generated by three cubic forms, and the unmixed part of J contains a quadric, then the projective dimension of R/J is at most 4. To this end, we show that if K ? R is a three-generated ideal of height two and L ? R an ideal linked to the unmixed part of K, then the projective dimension of R/K is bounded above by the projective dimension of R/L plus one.

Bahman Engheta

198

Future geodesic completeness of some spatially homogeneous solutions of the vacuum Einstein equations in higher dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is known that all spatially homogeneous solutions of the vacuum Einstein equations in four dimensions which exist for an infinite proper time towards the future are future geodesically complete. This paper investigates whether the analogous statement holds in higher dimensions. A positive answer to this question is obtained for a large class of models which can be studied with the help of Kaluza-Klein reduction to solutions of the Einstein-scalar field equations in four dimensions. The proof of this result makes use of a criterion for geodesic completeness which is applicable to more general spatially homogeneous models.

Arne Goedeke; Alan D. Rendall

2010-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

199

Extending the Standard Model Effective Field Theory with the Complete Set of Dimension-7 Operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a complete list of the independent dimension-7 operators that are constructed using the Standard Model degrees of freedom and are invariant under the Standard Model gauge group. This list contains only 20 independent operators; far fewer than the 63 operators available at dimension 6. All of these dimension-7 operators contain fermions and violate lepton number, and 7 of the 20 violate baryon number as well. This result extends the Standard Model Effective Field Theory (SMEFT) and allows a more detailed exploration of the structure and properties of possible deformations from the Standard Model Lagrangian.

Landon Lehman

2014-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

200

Invisible $Z\\prime$ as a probe of extra dimensions at the CERN LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A class of extra dimensional models with a warped metric predict tunneling of a massive particle localized on our brane and escaping into additional dimensions. The experimental signature of this effect is the disappearance of the particle from our world, i.e. the particle $\\to invisible$ decay. We point out that measurements of $Z\\prime \\to invisible$ decay width of a new heavy gauge boson $Z\\prime$ at the CERN LHC can be effectively used to probe the existence of large extra dimensions. This result enhances motivations for a more sensitive search and study for this decay mode and suggests additional direction for testing extra dimensions in collider experiments.

S. N. Gninenko; N. V. Krasnikov; V. A. Matveev

2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Ising-Gauge Ising-Higgs System in Two Dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A brief review for Refs.[1] and [2] is presented. -gauge and -Higgs action on 2-dimensional lattice is given in terms of standard procedures. The duality transformations for lattice gauge fields are used for relating such model to Ising model with . We regard the close to the critical point of 2-dimensional Ising model as a concrete realization of the renormalized, continuous and Euclidean invariant (i.e., Lorentz invariant) gauge field theory, or Ising-gauge Ising-Higgs field theory in two dimensions. When or , respectively, while , and let as well as be finite, both the symmetry non-breaking -gauge field theory and the spontaneous breaking -gauge field theory are obtained. Then, we use recent calculation of correlation functions of 2-dimensional Ising model in both the absence and the presence of a magnetic field to study this -gauge -Higgs system. The correlations (i.e., renormalized Green functions) of two plaquettes and the gauge-invariant correlations of Higgs field are investigated in various cases. Comparing with 4-dimensional QCD, and can be understood as the glueball-correlations and the meson-correlations in this model, respectively. Their isolated poles in momentum space correspond to the bound states, and the poles' locations give mass spectrums of these states. For pure -gauge theory (i.e., ), if the gauge symmetry does not break ( case), has a leading pole, on the contrary, if the gauge symmetry is spontaneous breaking ( case), has a leading cut. In the presence of Higgs matter fields (i.e., ) the leading singularity of still is a pole, however, 's cut is broken into a series of poles of . On the other hand, as the gauge fields are "frozen" has a two-particle cut (and no single particle pole). But in the presence of -gauge fields, the Higgs fields will be confined, that is, has a leading pole and has a series of poles. After a tedious calculation, we confirm that the 's pole is a particle with determinate mass indeed. All these analytic calculations and expressions tell us the physics contents of 2-dimensional Ising-gauge Ising-Higgs system and show the criteria for confinement in the presence of matter. When the -gauge symmetry does not break, we may say the confining potential is very strong. However, as the -gauge symmetry breaks down spontaneously, the confining potential becomes very weak. The dynamical Higgs field imparts the dynamics to the renormalized gauge field correlations, which makes the leading cut of break into a series of poles of . It seems to be very remarkable that strong interaction and weak interaction now appear in one unification gauge theory formalism in which the confinement of elementary excitations into "mesons" or "glueballs" comes from the explicit nonperturbation calculations.

Mu-lin Yan

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Optimal dimensions minimizing expected travel time of a single machine flow rack AS/RS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, the aim is to determine the optimal dimensions of a flow rack automated storage and retrieval system (AS/RS) using a single machine for storage and retrieval operations. These optimal dimensions are evaluated for minimum expected travel times of the storage and retrieval machine. An enumeration technique is used on a large range of system configurations going from 100 to 20,000 storage segments. Initially, optimization is carried out on six travel time expressions dealing with single and dual cycle travel times considering two dwell point positions. The results are then studied to investigate the influence of travel time expressions on both optimal dimensions and the shape factor of the system rack. Secondly, a new generalized mathematical model was developed by introducing an occurrence proportion parameter, relative to dual cycles, in order to determine the influence of the system functioning (proportion of dual cycles and load rate) on optimal dimensions.

Mohammed Adel Hamzaoui; Zaki Sari

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Monte Carlo Study on Distortion of the Space-Dimension in COBE Monopole Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A concise explanation of studies on distortion of space-time dimension is briefly introduced. Second we obtain the limits (i.e., bounded values) of the dimensionless chemical potential $\\mu$, the Sunyaev--Zeldovich (SZ) effect y and distortion of the space-dimension $\\varepsilon$ by Monte Carlo (MC) analysis of the parameter set (T, $d=3+\\varepsilon$, $\\mu$, and $y$) in cosmic microwave data assuming that the SZ effect is positive (y>0). In this analysis, the magnitude of the space-dimension d with distortion of the space-dimension $\\varepsilon$ is defined by $d=3+\\varepsilon$. The limits of $\\mu$ and $y$ are determined as $|\\mu| |y|$. The estimated limit of $|y| < 5\\times 10^{-6}$ appears to be related to re-ionization processes occurring at redshift $z_{ri}\\sim 10$. We also present data analysis assuming a relativistic SZ effect.

Minoru Biyajima; Takuya Mizoguchi

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

204

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered nanotube dimension Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nanotube dimension Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Thermal conductivity of B-C-N and BN nanotubes C. W. Changa Summary: Thermal conductivity of B-C-N and BN nanotubes C. W. Changa...

205

Dimensions of service quality of the University of Arizona Sponsored Projects Services Office internal customers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a service transaction occurs between a service provider and a customer there are dimensions of that transaction that are essential to making the customer feel satisfied with the transaction. Zeithaml, Parasuraman and Berry measured those...

Baca, David Ray

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

206

The Born-Oppenheimer Approximation for Triatomic Molecules with Large Angular Momentum in Two Dimensions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We study the Born-Oppenheimer approximation for a symmetric linear triatomic molecule in two space dimensions. We compute energy levels up to errors of order ε5, (more)

Bowman, Adam Shoresworth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Dimensionally continued Oppenheimer-Snyder gravitational collapse. I - solutions in even dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The extension of the general relativity theory to higher dimensions, so that the field equations for the metric remain of second order, is done through the Lovelock action. This action can also be interpreted as the dimensionally continued Euler characteristics of lower dimensions. The theory has many constant coefficients apparently without any physical meaning. However, it is possible, in a natural way, to reduce to two (the cosmological and Newton's constant) these several arbitrary coefficients, yielding a restricted Lovelock gravity. In this process one separates theories in even dimensions from theories in odd dimensions. These theories have static black hole solutions. In general relativity, black holes appear as the final state of gravitational collapse. In this work, gravitational collapse of a regular dust fluid in even dimensional restricted Lovelock gravity is studied. It is found that black holes emerge as the final state for these regular initial conditions.

Anderson Ilha; Jose' P. S. Lemos

1996-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

208

Dimension Reduction with Gene Expression Data Using Targeted Variable Importance Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and we refer to it as the TMLE-VIM procedure. 1. Obtain theResults: We propose a TMLE-VIM dimension reduction procedureimportance measurement (VIM) in the frame work of targeted

Wang, Hui; van der Laan, Mark J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Quaternionic Bundles and Betti Numbers of Symplectic 4-Manifolds with Kodaira Dimension Zero  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Symplectic 4-manifolds with Kodaira dimension zero can be viewed as symplectic Calabi-Yau surfaces. We are able to completely determine their Betti numbers by proving two general results on quaternionic vector bundles.

Tian-Jun Li

2006-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

210

Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation inD space-time dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The equations which describe the hydrostatic equilibrium of a relativistic stellar configuration inD space-time dimensions (D ?/ 4) with a spherical symmetric gravitational field are obtained. With suitable trans...

T. Harko

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Non-differentiability of devil's staircases and dimensions of subsets of Moran sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-differentiability of devil's staircases and dimensions of subsets of Moran referred to as the Devil's staircase (for a = 1_3): F (x) = ~([0; x]); x 2 [0; 1

Li, Wenxia

212

Non-di erentiability of devil's staircases and dimensions of subsets of Moran sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-di#11;erentiability of devil's staircases and dimensions of subsets of Moran sets Wenxia Li, #3. Consider the distribution function which is often referred to as the Devil's staircase (for a = 1 3 ): F (x

Li, Wenxia

213

The Impact of College Students' Life Experiences on the Various Dimensions of Wellness: A Qualitative Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, hereafter Lone Star Liberty University (LSLU). More specifically, this study aims at evaluating which particular dimension of wellness these health education majors perceive as most influenced or impacted, by their college life experience. 10..., hereafter Lone Star Liberty University (LSLU). More specifically, this study aims at evaluating which particular dimension of wellness these health education majors perceive as most influenced or impacted, by their college life experience. 10...

Garcia, Kristina Marie

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

214

Dimensions of Brand Personality: A New Measure of Brand Personality in Sport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

encoded in language as words associated with the brands (Caprara, Barbaranelli, & Guido, 2001; Goldberg, 1990). Through the lexical approach in psychology, Aaker (1997) performed an exploratory factor analysis in order to generate brand personality... researchers have found that the number of human personality dimensions could be grouped in terms of five major dimensions named by the Big Five (Goldberg, 1990; John, 1990; Ashton & Lee, 2005; Ashton, Lee, & Goldberg, 2004), which include five factors: (a...

Kang, Chanho

2013-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

215

Magnetic and Electric Dipole Constraints on Extra Dimensions and Magnetic Fluxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The propagation of charged particles and gauge fields in a compact extra dimension contributes to $g-2$ of the charged particles. In addition, a magnetic flux threading this extra dimension generates an electric dipole moment for these particles. We present constraints on the compactification size and on the possible magnetic flux imposed by the comparison of data and theory of the magnetic moment of the muon and from limits on the electric dipole moments of the muon, neutron and electron.

Aaron J. Roy; Myron Bander

2008-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

216

Gauge Fields Emerging From Extra Dimensions a Born-Oppenheimer approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a dynamical mechanism to induce gauge fields in four dimensional space-time from a single scalar field or a spinor field in higher dimensions. The Born-Oppenheimer treatment of the extra dimensions is an essential ingredient in our approach. A possible applications of the idea to low dimensional condensed matter systems and high temperature field theory are also pointed out. This paper is an extended version of our previous unpublished work (SUNY-NTG-89-48, Jan. 1990).

T. Hatsuda; H. Kuratsuji

1994-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

217

Apparatus and method for tracking a molecule or particle in three dimensions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method were used to track the movement of fluorescent particles in three dimensions. Control software was used with the apparatus to implement a tracking algorithm for tracking the motion of the individual particles in glycerol/water mixtures. Monte Carlo simulations suggest that the tracking algorithms in combination with the apparatus may be used for tracking the motion of single fluorescent or fluorescently labeled biomolecules in three dimensions.

Werner, James H. (Los Alamos, NM); Goodwin, Peter M. (Los Alamos, NM); Lessard, Guillaume (Santa Fe, NM)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

218

Einstein's Dream of Unified Forces - extra dimensions | U.S. DOE Office  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Are there extra dimensions of space? Are there extra dimensions of space? The Tevatron .jpg file (220KB) At Fermilab's Tevatron, physicists study such exotic phenomena as extra dimensions, paving the way for scientific discoveries. The revolutionary concept of string theory is a bold realization of Einstein's dream of an ultimate explanation for everything from the tiniest quanta of particle physics to the cosmos itself. String theory unifies physics by producing all known forces and particles as different vibrations of a single substance called superstrings. String theory brings quantum consistency to physics with an elegant mathematical construct that appears to be unique. Do superstrings exist? The strings themselves are probably too tiny to observe directly, but string theory makes a number of testable predictions.

219

Adiabatic Hyperspherical Representation for the Three-body Problem in Two Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore the three-body problem in two dimensions using the adiabatic hyperspherical representation. We develop the main equations in terms of democratic hyperangular coordinates and determine several symmetry properties and boundary conditions for both interacting and non-interacting solutions. From the analysis of the three-body effective potentials, we determine the threshold laws for low energy three-body recombination, collision-induced dissociation as well as inelastic atom-diatom collisions in two dimensions. Our results show that the hyperspherical representation can offer a simple and conceptually clear physical picture for three-body process in two dimensions which is also suitable for calculations using finite range two-body interactions supporting a number of bound states.

J. P. D'Incao; B. D. Esry

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Critical Collapse in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet Gravity in Five and Six Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity (EGB) provides a natural higher dimensional and higher order curvature generalization of Einstein gravity. It contains a new, presumably microscopic, length scale that should affect short distance properties of the dynamics, such as Choptuik scaling. We present the results of a numerical analysis in generalized flat slice co-ordinates of self-gravitating massless scalar spherical collapse in five and six dimensional EGB gravity near the threshold of black hole formation. Remarkably, the behaviour is universal (i.e. independent of initial data) but qualitatively different in five and six dimensions. In five dimensions there is a minimum horizon radius, suggestive of a first order transition between black hole and dispersive initial data. In six dimensions no radius gap is evident. Instead, below the GB scale there is a change in the critical exponent and echoing period.

Deppe, N; Taves, T; Kunstatter, G; Mann, R B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Magic state distillation in all prime dimensions using quantum Reed-Muller codes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose families of protocols for magic state distillation -- important components of fault tolerance schemes --- for systems of odd prime dimension. Our protocols utilize quantum Reed-Muller codes with transversal non-Clifford gates. We find that in higher dimensions smaller codes can be used than one might expect based on qubit codes. All our protocols produce magic states at a resource cost that increases only polynomially with the inverse of the final ouput error probability. We give specific details for 3-dimensional systems, where we find that certain magic states can be distilled provided an initial error probability of less than 20.02% or a depolarizing noise rate of less than 31.7%. This is the largest error probability threshold of all known protocols with polynomial resource cost. For a depolarizing noise model we also give distillation thresholds for odd prime dimensions up-to 19.

Campbell, Earl T; Browne, Dan E

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

The Ground State Energy of a Dilute Bose Gas in Dimension n >3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a Bose gas in spatial dimension $n>3$ with a repulsive, radially symmetric two-body potential $V$. In the limit of low density $\\rho$, the ground state energy per particle in the thermodynamic limit is shown to be $(n-2)|\\mathbb S^{n-1}|a^{n-2}\\rho$, where $|\\mathbb S^{n-1}|$ denotes the surface measure of the unit sphere in $\\mathbb{R}^n$ and $a$ is the scattering length of $V$. Furthermore, for smooth and compactly supported two-body potentials, we derive upper bounds to the ground state energy with a correction term $(1+C\\gamma)8\\pi^4a^6\\rho^2|\\ln(a^4\\rho)|$ in dimension $n=4$, where $\\gamma:=\\int V(x)|x|^{-2}\\, dx$, and a correction term which is $\\mathcal{O}(\\rho^2)$ in higher dimensions.

Anders Aaen

2014-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

223

Quantum adiabatic computation with a constant gap is not useful in one dimension  

SciTech Connect

We show that it is possible to use a classical computer to efficiently simulate the adiabatic evolution of a quantum system in one dimension with a constant spectral gap, starting the adiabatic evolution from a known initial product state. The proof relies on a recently proven area law for such systems, implying the existence of a good matrix product representation of the ground state, combined with an appropriate algorithm to update the matrix product state as the Hamiltonian is changed. This implies that adiabatic evolution with such Hamiltonians is not useful for universal quantum computation. Therefore, adiabatic algorithms which are useful for universal quantum computation either require a spectral gap tending to zero or need to be implemented in more than one dimension (we leave open the question of the computational power of adiabatic simulation with a constant gap in more than one dimension).

Hastings, Matthew [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Statistical error in a chord estimator of correlation dimension: The ``rule of five``  

SciTech Connect

The statistical precision of a chord method for estimating dimension from a correlation integral is derived. The optimal chord length is determined, and a comparison is made to other estimators. The simple chord estimator is only 25% less precise than the optimal estimator which uses the full resolution and full range of the correlation integral. The analytic calculations are based on the hypothesis that all pairwise distances between the points in the embedding space are statistically independent. The adequacy of this approximation is assessed numerically, and a surprising result is observed in which dimension estimators can be anomalously precise for sets with reasonably uniform (nonfractal) distributions.

Theiler, J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Lookman, T. [University of Western Ontario, London, ON (Canada). Dept. of Applied Mathematics

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Statistical error in a chord estimator of correlation dimension: The rule of five''  

SciTech Connect

The statistical precision of a chord method for estimating dimension from a correlation integral is derived. The optimal chord length is determined, and a comparison is made to other estimators. The simple chord estimator is only 25% less precise than the optimal estimator which uses the full resolution and full range of the correlation integral. The analytic calculations are based on the hypothesis that all pairwise distances between the points in the embedding space are statistically independent. The adequacy of this approximation is assessed numerically, and a surprising result is observed in which dimension estimators can be anomalously precise for sets with reasonably uniform (nonfractal) distributions.

Theiler, J. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Lookman, T. (University of Western Ontario, London, ON (Canada). Dept. of Applied Mathematics)

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Dimension-sensitive optical responses of electromagnetically induced transparency vapor in a waveguide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A three-level EIT (electromagnetically induced transparency) vapor is used to manipulate the transparency and absorption properties of the probe light in a waveguide. The most remarkable feature of the present scheme is such that the optical responses resulting from both electromagnetically induced transparency and large spontaneous emission enhancement are very sensitive to the frequency detunings of the probe light as well as to the small changes of the waveguide dimension. The potential applications of the dimension- and dispersion-sensitive EIT responses are discussed, and the sensitivity limits of some waveguide-based sensors, including electric absorption modulator, optical switch, wavelength sensor, and sensitive magnetometer, are analyzed.

Jian Qi Shen and Sailing He

2006-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

227

Head-on collisions of unequal mass black holes in D=5 dimensions  

SciTech Connect

We study head-on collisions of unequal mass black hole binaries in D=5 spacetime dimensions, with mass ratios between 1:1 and 1:4. Information about gravitational radiation is extracted by using the Kodama-Ishibashi gauge-invariant formalism and details of the apparent horizon of the final black hole. We present waveforms, total integrated energy and momentum for this process. Our results show surprisingly good agreement, within 5% or less, with those extrapolated from linearized, point-particle calculations. Our results also show that consistency with the area theorem bound requires that the same process in a large number of spacetime dimensions must display new features.

Witek, Helvi [CENTRA, Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa (UTL), Avenida Rovisco Pais 1, 1049 Lisboa (Portugal); Cardoso, Vitor [CENTRA, Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa (UTL), Avenida Rovisco Pais 1, 1049 Lisboa (Portugal); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Mississippi, University, Mississippi 38677 (United States); Gualtieri, Leonardo [Dipartimento di Fisica, 'Sapienza' Universita di Roma e Sezione INFN Roma1, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Roma (Italy); Herdeiro, Carlos [Departamento de Fisica da Universidade de Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810-183 Aveiro (Portugal); Centro de Fisica do Porto (CFP), Departamento de Fisica e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade do Porto (FCUP), Rua do Campo Alegre, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Sperhake, Ulrich [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Mississippi, University, Mississippi 38677 (United States); Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Facultat de Ciencies, Campus Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, E-08193 Bellaterra (Spain); California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Zilhao, Miguel [Centro de Fisica do Porto (CFP), Departamento de Fisica e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade do Porto (FCUP), Rua do Campo Alegre, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

AN ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK FOR DIMENSIONS AND COST MODELLING OF INTERNAL MICRO-CHANNELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK FOR DIMENSIONS AND COST MODELLING OF INTERNAL MICRO Engineering, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland ABSTRACT For micro-channel fabrication using laser micro evaluation. Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is one of the numerical methodologies that can be utilised

Lee, Hyowon

229

Approximate Lifshitz law for the zero-temperature stochastic Ising model in dimension d 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approximate Lifshitz law for the zero-temperature stochastic Ising model in dimension d 4 Hubert 2011 H. Lacoin (CEREMADE and CNRS) Ising 4D PBRP Bath 1 / 28 #12;Game rules Given L N, Set L = {1}. H. Lacoin (CEREMADE and CNRS) Ising 4D PBRP Bath 2 / 28 #12;What it looks like H. Lacoin (CEREMADE

Mörters, Peter

230

GLOBAL EXISTENCE RESULTS FOR THE ANISOTROPIC BOUSSINESQ SYSTEM IN DIMENSION TWO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GLOBAL EXISTENCE RESULTS FOR THE ANISOTROPIC BOUSSINESQ SYSTEM IN DIMENSION TWO RAPHA¨EL DANCHIN1 AND MARIUS PAICU2 Abstract. We study the global existence issue for the two-dimensional Boussinesq system. Introduction The Boussinesq system describes the influence of the convection (or convection

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

231

Simulation-based optimization for generating the dimensions of a dredged coastal entrance channel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An entrance channel is dredged when its natural dimensions are not adequate to accumulate more and larger ships. Considering the reconciliation among costs, safety and efficiency and the complex relationship among channel type, navigable water level ... Keywords: Entrance channel, navigation efficient, ship operation, simulation, stochastic

Guolei Tang, Wenyuan Wang, Zijian Guo, Xuhui Yu, Bingchang Wang

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Erlang-based dimensioning for IPv4 Address+Port translation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Erlang-based dimensioning for IPv4 Address+Port translation Florent Fourcot, Bertrand Grelot, or to reduce the use of IPv4 addresses. In this paper, we discuss a strategy known as "Address + Port of port numbers. Of critical importance for the feasibility of such a mechanism is the knowledge

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

233

Synthesis of Large Dendrimers with the Dimensions of Small Viruses Jongdoo Lim,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthesis of Large Dendrimers with the Dimensions of Small Viruses Jongdoo Lim, Mauri Kostiainen of growth per synthetic cycle. Fidelity in the synthesis is supported by evidence from NMR spectroscopy of this length scale are a convergent point for both top-down and bottom-up synthesis. Existing organic building

Annunziata, Onofrio

234

On the Performance of Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Performance of Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio Bassem Zayen-day spectrum allocation and spectrum use suggests that radio spectrum shortage could be overcome by allowing immediate local spectrum availability. A new class of radios that is able to reliably sense the spectral

Gesbert, David

235

Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sens-ing for Cognitive Radio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sens- ing for Cognitive Radio Bassem Zayen and Aawatif Hayar. Introduction The discrepancy between current-day spectrum allocation and spectrum use sug- gests that radio mean that radios could find and adapt to any immediate local spectrum availability. A new class

Gesbert, David

236

A numerical algorithm for the construction of efficient quadrature rules in two and higher dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a numerical algorithm for the construction of efficient, high-order quadratures in two and higher dimensions. Quadrature rules constructed via this algorithm possess positive weights and interior nodes, resembling the Gaussian quadratures ... Keywords: Cube, Gaussian quadrature, Least squares Newton's method, Multivariate integration, Point elimination method, Square, Triangle

Hong Xiao; Zydrunas Gimbutas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Topological Insulators in Three Dimensions Liang Fu, C. L. Kane, and E. J. Mele  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dimensions there are 4 invariants distinguishing 16 phases with two general classes: weak (WTI) and strong (STI) topological insulators. The WTI are like layered 2D QSH states, but are destroyed by disorder model which realizes the WTI and STI phases, and we discuss its relevance to real materials, including

Kane, Charles

238

Deconfinement for SU(2) gauge theory in 2+1 dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By calculating Polyakov loop averages on a 6022 lattice, we determine the critical exponent of deconfinement for SU(2) gauge theory in 2+1 dimensions. Universality arguments predict it to be the same as the critical exponent ?=(1/8) for the spontaneous magnetization in the two-dimensional Ising model. Our results are in good accord with this prediction.

J. Engels; E. Kehl; H. Satz; B. Waltl

1985-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

239

Critical exponents of SU(2) gauge theory in 2+1 dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The critical exponents for the deconfinement transition of SU(2) gauge theory in 2+1 dimensions are predicted by universality arguments to be the same as the critical exponents of the two-dimensional Ising model. Using finite-size scaling techniques, we calculate the critical coupling and critical exponents of the theory. Our results are in good accord with the universality prediction.

E. Kehl; D. Miller; H. Satz; B. Waltl

1988-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

240

Low frequency dispersive estimates for the Schrodinger group in higher dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove dispersive estimates for the low frequency part of the Schrodinger group for a large class of potentials in dimensions greater or equal to four. As a consequence, we extend the result of Journe, Sofer and Sogge to a larger class of potentials. In this revised version a mistake in the proof of the estimate (B.4) is removed.

Simon Moulin; Georgi Vodev

2007-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Theory of the lattice Boltzmann method: Acoustic and thermal properties in two and three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theory of the lattice Boltzmann method: Acoustic and thermal properties in two and three dimensions for the acoustic and thermal properties of the energy-conserving lattice Boltzmann models, and a solution directions, and it is a direct consequence of the following key features of the lattice Boltzmann equation: 1

Luo, Li-Shi

242

Nanotube Formation: Researchers Learn To Control The Dimensions Of Metal Oxide Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanotube Formation: Researchers Learn To Control The Dimensions Of Metal Oxide Nanotubes ScienceDaily (Aug. 29, 2007) -- Moving beyond carbon nanotubes, researchers are developing insights-walled inorganic nanotubes could be useful in a range of nanotechnology applications that require precise control

Nair, Sankar

243

A RENEWAL THEOREM FOR STRONGLY ERGODIC MARKOV CHAINS IN DIMENSION d 3 AND CENTERED CASE.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A RENEWAL THEOREM FOR STRONGLY ERGODIC MARKOV CHAINS IN DIMENSION d 3 AND CENTERED CASE. D. GUIBOURG and L. HERV´E 1 AMS subject classification : 60J10-60K05-47A55 Keywords : Markov chains, renewal the renewal theorem established by Spitzer [23] for i.i.d. sequences of centered nonlattice r.v. holds true

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

244

SURE 2011 POSTER PRESENTATION INSTRUCTIONS Dimensions All posters should either be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SURE 2011 POSTER PRESENTATION INSTRUCTIONS Dimensions All posters should either be: · 3 feet by 2 feet (horizontal) · 2 feet by 3 feet (Vertical) Printing and Service Posters can be sent to Copy Services by: · Emailing copyservice.ancillary@mcgill.ca (Please use title in the Subject: SURE 2011 poster

Barthelat, Francois

245

Stationary free surface viscous flows without surface tension in three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stationary free surface viscous flows without surface tension in three dimensions Frederic Abergel dimensional channel. In the absence of surface tension, we prove the existence of a unique stationary solution is not elliptic when surface tension is neglected. Hence, analysis such as that made in [4] or [17] fails

Boyer, Edmond

246

Stationary free surface viscous ows without surface tension in three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stationary free surface viscous ows without surface tension in three dimensions Frederic Abergel owing down a three dimensional channel. In the absence of surface tension, we prove the existence is not elliptic when surface tension is neglected. Hence, analysis such as that made in [4] or [17] fails

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

247

TRACKING TONGUE MOTION IN THREE DIMENSIONS USING TAGGED MR IMAGES Xiaofeng Liu1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRACKING TONGUE MOTION IN THREE DIMENSIONS USING TAGGED MR IMAGES Xiaofeng Liu1 , Maureen Stone3 and strain analysis of tagged magnetic res- onance (MR) imaging [1]. It was originally applied to car- diac This research was supported by NIH grants R01 HL047405 and R01 DC001758 (a) (b) Fig. 1. (a) A tagged MR image

Prince, Jerry L.

248

Optimizing moderator dimensions for neutron scattering at the spallation neutron source  

SciTech Connect

In this work, we investigate the effect of neutron moderator dimensions on the performance of neutron scattering instruments at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS). In a recent study of the planned second target station at the SNS facility, we have found that the dimensions of a moderator play a significant role in determining its surface brightness. A smaller moderator may be significantly brighter over a smaller viewing area. One of the immediate implications of this finding is that for modern neutron scattering instrument designs, moderator dimensions and brightness have to be incorporated as an integrated optimization parameter. Here, we establish a strategy of matching neutron scattering instruments with moderators using analytical and Monte Carlo techniques. In order to simplify our treatment, we group the instruments into two broad categories: those with natural collimation and those that use neutron guide systems. For instruments using natural collimation, the optimal moderator selection depends on the size of the moderator, the sample, and the moderator brightness. The desired beam divergence only plays a role in determining the distance between sample and moderator. For instruments using neutron optical systems, the smallest moderator available that is larger than the entrance dimension of the closest optical element will perform the best (assuming, as is the case here that smaller moderators are brighter)

Zhao, J. K.; Robertson, J. L.; Herwig, Kenneth W.; Gallmeier, Franz X.; Riemer, Bernard W. [Instrument and Source Division, Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Instrument and Source Division, Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

Green's Function for a Hierarchical Self-Avoiding Walk in Four Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Green's Function for a Hierarchical Self-Avoiding Walk in Four Dimensions David C. Brydges #3 . Apart from completing the program in the #12;rst paper, the main result is that the Green's function is almost equal to the Green's function for the Markov process with no self-repulsion, but at a di#11;erent

250

Dimension Augmentation and Combinatorial Criteria for Efficient Error-resistant DNA Self-assembly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dimension Augmentation and Combinatorial Criteria for Efficient Error-resistant DNA Self-assembly Abstract DNA self-assembly has emerged as a rich and promising primitive for nano-technology. Experimental-correction mech- anisms have been proposed for the tile model of self- assembly. These error-correction mechanisms

Goel, Ashish

251

Effective sea-level rise and deltas: Causes of change and human dimension implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective sea-level rise and deltas: Causes of change and human dimension implications Jason P January 2006 Abstract An assessment is made of contemporary effective sea-level rise (ESLR) for a sample of eustatic sea-level rise, the natural gross rate of fluvial sediment deposition and subsidence

New Hampshire, University of

252

The perfect magnetic conductor (PMC) Casimir piston in d+1 dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Perfect magnetic conductor (PMC) boundary conditions are dual to the more familiar perfect electric conductor (PEC) conditions and can be viewed as the electromagnetic analog of the boundary conditions in the bag model for hadrons in QCD. Recent advances and requirements in communication technologies have attracted great interest in PMC's and Casimir experiments involving structures that approximate PMC's may be carried out in the not too distant future. In this paper, we make a study of the zero-temperature PMC Casimir piston in $d+1$ dimensions. The PMC Casimir energy is explicitly evaluated by summing over $p+1$-dimensional Dirichlet energies where p ranges from 2 to $d$ inclusively. We derive two exact $d$-dimensional expressions for the Casimir force on the piston and find that the force is negative (attractive) in all dimensions. Both expressions are applied to the case of 2+1 and 3+1 dimensions. A spin-off from our work is a contribution to the PEC literature: we obtain a useful alternative expression for the PEC Casimir piston in 3+1 dimensions and also evaluate the Casimir force per unit area on an infinite strip, a geometry of experimental interest.

A. Edery; V. Marachevsky

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

253

Multiplication of Distributions in one dimension: possible approaches and applications to $?$-function and its derivatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a new class of multiplications of distributions in one dimension merging together two different regularizations of distributions. Some of the features of these multiplications are discussed in a certain detail. We use our theory to study a certain number of examples, involving products between Dirac delta functions and its successive derivatives.

F. Bagarello

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Advanced optimal tolerance design of mechanical assemblies with interrelated dimension chains and process precision limits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tolerance design is an important step in product development. The topic has been under extensive research, which has resulted in several formulations and solution algorithms for systematic tolerance design considering various aspects. An optimal tolerance design problem involving alternative manufacturing processes for realization of a dimension can be referred to as the advanced tolerance design problem, where the optimal selection of a set of manufacturing processes is also considered in addition to the optimal set of tolerances. Such a nonlinear multivariate optimal tolerance design problem results in a non-convex combinatorial solution surface. Optimal solution of the advanced tolerance design problem is difficult with the traditional optimization techniques. The problem becomes more complex with the assemblies involving interrelated dimension chains, and manufacturing processes bracketed by precision bounds. The focus of this work is on the optimal solution of the aforementioned advanced tolerance design problem. Genetic algorithm, a non-traditional global optimization technique has been proposed as the solution methodology for its inherent advantages. Application of the methodology has been demonstrated with the help of suitable examples. Concept of the set up reduction constraints has also been introduced, wherein all the similar dimensions on a single part are manufactured on a single machine, resulting in a single value of design tolerance associated to all such dimensions.

Pradeep K. Singh; Satish C. Jain; Pramod K. Jain

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Ecology and the ratchet of events: Climate variability, niche dimensions, and species distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecology and the ratchet of events: Climate variability, niche dimensions, and species distributionsDepartment of Botany and Program in Ecology and dWyoming Water Resources Data System and Wyoming State Climate Office superimposed on anthropogenic trends. Predicting ecological and biogeographic responses to these changes

256

Water insecurity in 3 dimensions: An anthropological perspective on water and women's psychosocial distress in Ethiopia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water insecurity in 3 dimensions: An anthropological perspective on water and women's psychosocial, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30022, USA b Center for Global Safe Water f o Article history: Available online 20 April 2012 Keywords: Water insecurity Gender Psychosocial

Rheingans, Richard

257

The Normative Dimension and Legal Meaning of Endangered and Recovery in the U.S. Endangered  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@mtu.edu Department of Philosophy, University of Idaho, Morrill Hall 403, Moscow, ID 83844, U.S.A. Turner Endangered of endangerment) and a fundamentally scientific dimension (i.e., determining whether a species meets recovery entails much more than the scientific notion of population viability, (2) most efforts to recover

Nelson, Michael P.

258

The Normative Dimension and Legal Meaning of Endangered and Recovery in the U. S. Endangered  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@mtu.edu Department of Philosophy, University of Idaho, Morrill Hall 403, Moscow, ID 83844, U.S.A. Turner Endangered of endangerment) and a fundamentally scientific dimension (i.e., determining whether a species meets recovery entails much more than the scientific notion of population viability, (2) most efforts to recover

259

Electrochemical detection of single molecules using abiotic nanopores having electrically tunable dimensions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A barrier structure for use in an electrochemical stochastic membrane sensor for single molecule detection. The sensor is based upon inorganic nanopores having electrically tunable dimensions. The inorganic nanopores are formed from inorganic materials and an electrically conductive polymer. Methods of making the barrier structure and sensing single molecules using the barrier structure are also described.

Sansinena, Jose-Maria (Los Alamos, NM); Redondo, Antonio (Los Alamos, NM); Olazabal, Virginia (Los Alamos, NM); Hoffbauer, Mark A. (Los Alamos, NM); Akhadov, Elshan A. (Los Alamos, NM)

2009-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

260

Small-Angle Scattering from Polymeric Mass Fractals of Arbitrary Mass-Fractal Dimension  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A scattering function is obtained that describes mass-fractal scattering over a wide range of angle in terms of the radius of gyration, contrast factor and fractal dimension. Applications to organic polymer blends as well as low-density ceramics and organic materials are also discussed.

Beaucage, G.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Reuse dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, there have been much publications on reuse. In order to bet an overview of the whole field and also a good impression of the state of the reuse art, we studied reuse literature of the last few years. As basis for comparison, we classified ...

Liesbeth Dusink; Jan van Katwijk

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

New dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......satisfying approach, as it allows, and positively encourages, experimentation with different arrays of telescopes. Users can pro- ceed at their own pace, to discover how various configurations affect the images received, gaining famil- iarity with the method......

David Hawksett

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Effects of Solvent on Polymer Chain Dimensions: A Born-Green-Yvon Integral Equation Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The equilibrium properties of a tangent-hard-sphere polymer chain in a hard sphere monomer solvent are studied using a Born-Green-Yvon integral equation in conjunction with a two-site solvation potential. The solvation potential is constructed using low density results for a hard-sphere trimer in a hard sphere solvent. The BGY equation has been solved for polymers of lengths up to 100 for a range of solvent densities and solvent diameters. The theory accurately describes the compression of the average polymer dimensions with increasing solvent density. The theory also accurately describes the variation in this compression as a function of the solvent diameter, predicting a maximum effect when the solvent diameter is two to three times larger than the polymer site diameter. Scaling exponents relating the polymer dimensions to chain length and solvent density are also obtained.

Mark P. Taylor; J. E. G. Lipson

1997-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

264

Statistics of the gravitational force in various dimensions of space: from Gaussian to Levy laws  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the distribution of the gravitational force created by a Poissonian distribution of field sources (stars, galaxies,...) in different dimensions of space d. In d=3, it is given by a Levy law called the Holtsmark distribution. It presents an algebraic tail for large fluctuations due to the contribution of the nearest neighbor. In d=2, it is given by a marginal Gaussian distribution intermediate between Gaussian and Levy laws. In d=1, it is exactly given by the Bernouilli distribution (for any particle number N) which becomes Gaussian for N>>1. Therefore, the dimension d=2 is critical regarding the statistics of the gravitational force. We generalize these results for inhomogeneous systems with arbitrary power-law density profile and arbitrary power-law force in a d-dimensional universe.

Pierre-Henri Chavanis

2009-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

265

Globalisation effect of productivity and quality dimensions on capacity utilisation through multivariate confirmatory analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Traditional productivity dimensions such as output, effectiveness and rate of utilisation are not helpful for identifying the underlying problems and opportunities for productivity and quality improvement in a textile fabrication industry. More competition and drive for profits are forcing companies to implementation of theory of constraints (TOC), total productive maintenance (TPM) and quality function deployment (QFD) have led to significant productivity improvements individual equipment particularly textile fabric industry. Keeping and viewing all declining productivity and quality dimensional aspects in mind, this paper presents logical and well structured robust framework and results were wrapped up after implementing framework in various industries. Data were received examined and analysed from various experts, field specialist and engineer for productivity and quality dimensions (PQD). An empirical analysis is used and determined fuzzy RPN on PQDs. The proposed methodology has been implemented in textile industry and results are wrapped out.

Annamalai Sivakumar; Kalliannan Saravanan; Palanisamy Navaneethakrishnan; Rathanasamy Raja Sekar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Establishing Analogies between the Physics of Extra Dimensions and Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We point out a conceptual analogy between the physics of extra spatial dimensions and the physics of carbon nanotubes which arises for principle reasons, although the corresponding energy scales are at least ten orders of magnitude apart. For low energies, one can apply the Kaluza-Klein description to both types of systems, leading to two completely different but consistent interpretations of the underlying physics. In particular, we discuss in detail the Kaluza-Klein description of armchair and zig-zag carbon nanotubes. Furthermore, we describe how certain experimental results for carbon nanotubes could be re-interpreted in terms of the Kaluza-Klein description. Finally, we present ideas for new measurements that could allow to probe concepts of models with extra spatial dimensions in table-top experiments, providing further links between condensed matter and particle physics.

Jonas de Woul; Alexander Merle; Tommy Ohlsson

2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

267

Hydrogen atom in space with a compactified extra dimension and potential defined by Gauss' law  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the consequences of one extra spatial dimension for the stability and energy spectrum of the non-relativistic hydrogen atom with a potential defined by Gauss' law, i.e. proportional to $1/|x|^2$. The additional spatial dimension is considered to be either infinite or curled-up in a circle of radius $R$. In both cases, the energy spectrum is bounded from below for charges smaller than the same critical value and unbounded from below otherwise. As a consequence of compactification, negative energy eigenstates appear: if $R$ is smaller than a quarter of the Bohr radius, the corresponding Hamiltonian possesses an infinite number of bound states with minimal energy extending at least to the ground state of the hydrogen atom.

Martin Bure; Petr Siegl

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

268

Quantization of Space and Time in 3 and in 4 Space-time Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The fact that in Minkowski space, space and time are both quantized does not have to be introduced as a new postulate in physics, but can actually be derived by combining certain features of General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics. This is demonstrated first in a model where particles behave as point defects in 2 space dimensions and 1 time, and then in the real world having 3+1 dimensions. The mechanisms in these two cases are quite different, but the outcomes are similar: space and time form a (non-cummutative) lattice. These notes are short since most of the material discussed in these lectures is based on two earlier papers by the same author (gr-qc/9601014 and gr-qc/9607022), but the exposition given in the end is new.

G. 't Hooft

1996-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

269

Cluster algorithms in the O(4). phi. sup 4 theory in four dimensions  

SciTech Connect

We study the surface and the reflection cluster algorithms, which have been developed for systems with global continuous symmetries by Niedermayer and Wolff, respectively, in the O(4) spin model in four dimensions. The surface algorithm appears not to be substantially better than local algorithms for this model. We show that the reflection algorithm has big advantages: It fights critical slowing down and due to the use of improved estimators it gives a variance reduction.

Frick, C.; Jansen, K.; Seuferling, P. (Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Rheinisch-Westfalische Technische Hochschule Aachen, D-5100 Aachen, Federal Republic of Germany (DE) Hochstleistungsrechenzentrum c/o Kernforschungsanlage Juelich G.m.b.H., P.O. Box 1913, D-5170 Juelich, Federal Republic of Germany Deutsches Elektronen-Synchroton DESY, Hamburg, D-2000 Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany)

1989-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

270

The effect of dimension limits on the performance indices of Stirling engine MAC-02  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents a comparative study of different Stirling engine MAC-02 specifications. The MAC-02 is the engine of beta configuration with heater and cooler tubes drilled inside the cylinder wall and connected by an annular regenerator of wire mesh type, surrounding the cylinder. Piston and displacer are driven by Ericsson linkage, which brings some advantages with respect to other conventional drives, however, for its complexity it has not been considered yet in published Stirling engine optimization codes. The most difficult aspects in designing such an engine configuration is the strong interdependence among constructional parameters particularly drive rod angularity, rod, cylinder, piston and heat exchanger dimensions. For this reason a special method for the optimal engine synthesis was elaborated and presented in Impero Abenavoli, R., et al. (1993). The corresponding computer code SE-OPT was used to obtain results discussed in this paper. A number of the engine design specifications were calculated and compared one to another. Each of the cases under consideration was determined as the optimal solution of non-linear programming problem defined with different engine dimension boundaries. The maximum of indicated power was chosen as the objective function. Although several tens of constraints were included into the optimization problems, only the limits imposed on the total engine length and cylinder diameter are analyzed in this paper. The two parameters were considered as variables dependent on the other ones (free and fixed parameters). The effect of these main engine dimension limits on selected performance indices (indicated power and efficiency) and the optimal values of other ensure parameters such as heat exchanger dimensions, linkage parameters and piston phrase angles were investigated.

Abenavoli, R.I. [Univ. di Roma La Sapienza (Italy); Carlini, M. [Univ. della Tuscia, Viterbo (Italy); Kormanski, H.; Rudzinska, K. [Technical Univ. of Gdansk (Poland)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

271

Simple thermodynamics of strongly coupled one-component-plasma in two and three dimensions  

SciTech Connect

Simple analytical approximations for the internal energy of the strongly coupled one-component-plasma in two and three dimensions are discussed. As a result, new practical expressions for the internal energy in the fluid phase are proposed. Their accuracy is checked by evaluating the location of the fluid-solid phase transition from the free energy consideration. Possible applications to other related systems are briefly discussed.

Khrapak, Sergey A., E-mail: Sergey.Khrapak@dlr.de [Forschungsgruppe Komplexe Plasmen, Deutsches Zentrum fr Luft- und Raumfahrt, Oberpfaffenhofen (Germany); Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Khrapak, Alexey G. [Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

UN THEOR`EME SUR LES ACTIONS DE GROUPES DE DIMENSION INFINIE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UN TH´EOR`EME SUR LES ACTIONS DE GROUPES DE DIMENSION INFINIE JACQUES F´EJOZ AND MAURICIO GARAY R qui recourent `a un th´eor`eme d'inversion locale (e.g. [3, 5] ou [4, Th´eor`eme 4.2.5]), par l´ee par Kolmogo- rov et Arnold dans leur d´emonstration du th´eor`eme des tores invariants [2, 1]. Le th´eor

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

273

Gravity particles from Warped Extra Dimensions, a review. Part I - KK Graviton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On face of the latest LHC experimental results on the direct searches for Beyond Standard Model physics we review the basic of Warped Extra Dimensions scenarios and the physics of the heavy gravity particles, their most unique signature. In this first part we intend to summarize the physics behind the hypothesis of a heavy spin-2 Beyond Standard Model particle on the context of WED and also to address some of the interesting phenomenology issues of model building hypothesis.

Alexandra Oliveira

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

QCD condensates of dimension D=6 and D=8 from hadronic tau-decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The high-precision data from hadronic tau decays allows one to extract information on QCD condensates. Using the finalized ALEPH data, we obtain a more rigorous determination of the dimension 6 and 8 condensates for the V-A correlator. In particular, we find that the recent data fix a certain linear combination of these QCD condensates to a precision at the level of O(2%). Our approach relies on more general assumptions than alternative approaches based on finite energy sum rules.

A. A. Almasy; K. Schilcher; H. Spiesberger

2006-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

275

Effect of uneven sampling on correlation dimension computed from time series data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observational data, especially astrophysical data, is often limited by uneven sampling that arises due to lack of observations for a variety of reasons. Such inadvertent gaps are usually smoothed over using interpolation techniques. However the smoothing techniques can introduce artificial effects, especially when non-linear analysis is undertaken. We investigate how uneven sampling can affect the computed values of correlation dimension of the system, without using any interpolation. For this we introduce gaps artificially in synthetic data derived from standard chaotic systems, like the Rossler and Lorenz, with frequency of occurrence and size of missing data drawn from Gaussian distributions. Then we study the changes in correlation dimension with change in the distributions of frequency of gaps introduced and size of data removed. We find that for a considerable range of gap frequency and size, the value of correlation dimension is not significantly affected. This would mean that in such specific cases, the calculated values can still be reliable and acceptable. Thus our study introduces a method of checking the reliability of computed correlation dimension values by calculating the distribution of gaps with respect to its size and frequency and comparing with the standard plots presented in the paper. This is illustrated for real world examples of the data from three variable stars, R Scuti, U Monocerotis and SU Tauri. We also demonstrate how a cubic spline interpolation can cause an unevenly sampled noisy data to be misinterpreted as being chaotic in origin. This is demonstrated for the non chaotic light curve of variable star SS Cygni, which gives a saturated D2 value, when interpolated using a cubic spline.

Sandip V. George; G. Ambika; R. Misra

2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

276

Brane cosmology, varying speed of light and inflation in models with one or more extra dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We summarise the approach to brane cosmology known as ``mirage cosmology'' and use it to determine the Friedmann equation on a 3-brane embedded in different bulk spacetimes all with one or more extra dimensions. Usually, when there is more than one extra dimension the junction conditions, central to the usual brane world scenarios, are difficult to apply. This problem does not arise in mirage cosmology because the brane is treated as a ``test particle'' in the background spacetime. We discuss in detail the dynamics of a brane embedded in two specific 10D bulk spacetimes, namely Sch-AdS$_5 \\times$S$_5$ and a rotating black hole, and from the dynamics--which are now rather more complicated since the brane can move in all the extra dimensions--determine the new ``dark fluid'' terms in the brane Friedmann equation. Some of these, such as the cosmological constant term, are seen to be bulk dependent. However, for both bulks we show that there exists a critical brane angular momentum, $\\ell_c$, and discuss its significance. We then show explicitly how this mirage cosmology approach matches with the familiar junction condition approach when there is just one extra dimension. The issue of a varying speed of light in mirage cosmology is reviewed and we find a scenario in which $c_{\\bf eff}$ always increases, tending asymptotically to a constant $c_0$ as the universe expands. Finally some comments are made regarding brane inflation and limitations of the mirage cosmology approach are also discussed.

D. A. Steer; M. F. Parry

2002-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

277

FAQ 15-What are the dimensions of a depleted uranium hexafluoride cylinder?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are the dimensions of a depleted uranium hexafluoride cylinder? are the dimensions of a depleted uranium hexafluoride cylinder? What are the dimensions of a depleted uranium hexafluoride cylinder? Several different cylinder types are in use, although the vast majority of cylinders are designed to contain 14-tons (12-metric tons) of depleted UF6. The 14-ton-capacity cylinders are 12 ft (3.7 m) long by 4 ft (1.2 m) in diameter, with most having an initial wall thickness of 5/16 in. (0.79 cm) of steel. The cylinders have external stiffening rings that provide support. Lifting lugs for handling are attached to the stiffening rings. A small percentage of the cylinders have skirted ends (extensions of the cylinder walls past the rounded ends of the cylinder). Each cylinder has a single valve for filling and emptying located on one end at the 12 o'clock position. Similar, but slightly smaller, cylinders designed to contain 10 tons (9 metric tons) of depleted UF6 are also in use. Cylinders are manufactured in accordance with an American National Standards Institute standard (ANSI N14.1, American National Standard for Nuclear Materials - Uranium Hexafluoride - Packaging for Transport) as specified in 49 CFR 173.420, the federal regulations governing transport of depleted UF6.

278

Optimizing Moderator Dimensions for Neutron Scattering at the Spallation Neutron Source  

SciTech Connect

In this work, we investigate the effect of neutron moderator dimensions on the performance of neutron scattering instruments at the Spallation Neutron Source. In a recent study of the planned second target station at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) facility [1,2], we have found that the dimensions of a moderator play a significant role in determining its surface brightness. A smaller moderator may be significantly brighter for a smaller viewing area [4]. One of the immediate implications of this finding is that for modern neutron scattering instrument designs, moderator dimensions and brightness have to be incorporated as an integrated optimization parameter. Here, we establish a strategy of matching neutron scattering instruments with moderators using analytical and Monte Carlo techniques. In order to simplify our treatment, we group the instruments into two broad categories, those with natural collimation and those that use neutron guide systems. We found that the cross-sections of the sample and the neutron guide, respectively, are the deciding factors for choosing the moderator. Beam divergence plays no role as long as it is within the reach of practical constraints. Namely, the required divergence is not too large for the guide or sample to be located close enough to the moderator on an actual spallation source.

Zhao, Jinkui [ORNL] [ORNL; Robertson, Lee [ORNL] [ORNL; Herwig, Kenneth W [ORNL] [ORNL; Gallmeier, Franz X [ORNL] [ORNL; Riemer, Bernie [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

New Regulators for Quantum Field Theories with Compactified Extra Dimensions. I: Fundamentals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose two new regulators for quantum field theories in spacetimes with compactified extra dimensions. We refer to these regulators as the ``extended hard cutoff'' (EHC) and ``extended dimensional regularization'' (EDR). Although based on traditional four-dimensional regulators, the key new feature of these higher-dimensional regulators is that they are specifically designed to handle mixed spacetimes in which some dimensions are infinitely large and others are compactified. Moreover, unlike most other regulators which have been used in the extra-dimension literature, these regulators are designed to respect the original higher-dimensional Lorentz and gauge symmetries that exist prior to compactification, and not merely the four-dimensional symmetries which remain afterward. This distinction is particularly relevant for calculations of the physics of the excited Kaluza-Klein modes themselves, and not merely their radiative effects on zero modes. By respecting the full higher-dimensional symmetries, our regulators avoid the introduction of spurious terms which would not have been easy to disentangle from the physical effects of compactification. As part of our work, we also derive a number of ancillary results. For example, we demonstrate that in a gauge-invariant theory, analogues of the Ward-Takahashi identity hold not only for the usual zero-mode (four-dimensional) photons, but for all excited Kaluza-Klein photons as well.

Sky Bauman; Keith R. Dienes

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

280

Effects of geometry/dimensions of gas flow channels and operating conditions on high-temperature PEM fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to accomplish the objective of studying and optimizing the flow channel geometries and dimensions for high-temperature proton-exchange-membrane (PEM) fuel cells (with operating temperatures above 120C)...

Hong Liu; Peiwen Li; Alexandra Hartz

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Odd q-state clock spin-glass models in three dimensions, asymmetric phase diagrams, and multiple algebraically ordered phases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distinctive orderings and phase diagram structures are found, from renormalization-group theory, for odd q-state clock spin-glass models in d = 3 dimensions. These models exhibit asymmetric phase diagrams, as is also the ...

Ilker, Efe

282

Fermionic condensate and Casimir densities in the presence of compact dimensions with applications to nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the fermionic condensate and the vacuum expectation value of the energy-momentum tensor for a massive fermionic field in the geometry of two parallel plate on the background of Minkowski spacetime with an arbitrary number of toroidally compactified spatial dimensions, in the presence of a constant gauge field. Bag boundary conditions are imposed on the plates and periodicity conditions with arbitrary phases are considered along the compact dimensions. The boundary induced parts in the fermionic condensate and the vacuum energy density are negative, with independence of the phases in the periodicity conditions and of the value of the gauge potential. Interaction forces between the plates are thus always attractive. However, in physical situations where the quantum field is confined to the region between the plates, the pure topological part contributes as well, and then the resulting force can be either attractive or repulsive, depending on the specific phases encoded in the periodicity conditions along the compact dimensions, and on the gauge potential, too. Applications of the general formulas to cylindrical carbon nanotubes are considered, within the framework of a Dirac-like theory for the electronic states in graphene. In the absence of a magnetic flux, the energy density for semiconducting nanotubes is always negative. For metallic nanotubes the energy density is positive for long tubes and negative for short ones. The resulting Casimir forces acting on the edges of the nanotube are attractive for short tubes with independence of the tube chirality. The sign of the force for long nanotubes can be controlled by tuning the magnetic flux. This opens the way to the design of efficient actuators driven by the Casimir force at the nanoscale.

E. Elizalde; S. D. Odintsov; A. A. Saharian

2011-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

283

Dilatation symmetry in higher dimensions and the vanishing of the cosmological constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A wide class of dilatation symmetric actions in higher dimensions leads to a vanishing four-dimensional cosmological constant. This requires no tuning of parameters and results from the absence of an allowed potential for the scalar dilaton field. The field equations admit many solutions with flat four-dimensional space and non-vanishing gauge couplings. In a more general setting, these are candidates for asymptotic states of cosmological runaway solutions, where dilatation symmetry is realized if a fixed point is approached as time goes to infinity. Dilatation anomalies during the runaway can lift the degeneracy of solutions.

Wetterich, C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Dilatation symmetry in higher dimensions and the vanishing of the cosmological constant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A wide class of dilatation symmetric effective actions in higher dimensions leads to a vanishing four-dimensional cosmological constant. This requires no tuning of parameters and results from the absence of an allowed potential for the scalar dilaton field. The field equations admit many solutions with flat four-dimensional space and non-vanishing gauge couplings. In a more general setting, these are candidates for asymptotic states of cosmological runaway solutions, where dilatation symmetry is realized dynamically if a fixed point is approached as time goes to infinity. Dilatation anomalies during the runaway can lift the degeneracy of solutions and lead to an observable dynamical dark energy.

C. Wetterich

2008-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

285

Fractal Dimensions of Macroporous and Hypercrosslinked Polymeric Adsorbents from Nitrogen Adsorption Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Moreover, the adsorbents were also analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), confirming the surface irregularities and more sophisticated microporous structure of the hypercrosslinked adsorbent as compared to the macroporous adsorbent. ... On the basis of the theory of Pfeifer et al., the fractal dimensions are estimated from:(17, 18) where v is the amount of N2 adsorbed at each equilibrium pressure, p; vmono is the amount adsorbed of monolayer coverage; and p0 is the saturation pressure. ... A water-compatible hypercrosslinked polymeric adsorbent (NJ 8) for adsorbing and removing phenolic compds. ...

Ying Li; Chao Long; Weihua Tao; Aimin Li; Quanxing Zhang

2010-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

286

Metal-Insulator Crossover in the Boson-Fermion Model in Infinite Dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The boson-fermion model, describing a mixture of tightly bound electron pairs and quasifree electrons hybridized with each other via a charge exchange term, is studied in the limit of infinite dimensions using the noncrossing approximation within the dynamical mean field theory. It is shown that a metal-insulator crossover, driven by strong pair fluctuations, takes place as the temperature is lowered. It manifests itself in the opening of a pseudogap in the electron density of states, accompanied by a corresponding effect in the optical and the dc conductivity.

J. M. Robin; A. Romano; J. Ranninger

1998-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

287

Levinsons theorem for the Schrdinger equation in two dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Levinsons theorem for the Schrdinger equation with a cylindrically symmetric potential in two dimensions is reestablished by the Sturm-Liouville theorem. The critical case, where the Schrdinger equation has a finite zero-energy solution, is analyzed in detail. It is shown that, in comparison to Levinsons theorem in the noncritical case, the half bound state for the P wave, in which the wave function for the zero-energy solution does not decay fast enough at infinity to be square integrable, will cause the phase shift of the P wave at zero energy to increase an additional ?.

Shi-Hai Dong, Xi-Wen Hou, and Zhong-Qi Ma

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Higher order mixed moment approximations for the Fokker-Planck equation in one space dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study mixed-moment models (full zeroth moment, half higher moments) for a Fokker-Planck equation in one space dimension. Mixed-moment minimum-entropy models are known to overcome the zero net-flux problem of full-moment minimum entropy Mn models. Realizability theory for these mixed moments of arbitrary order is derived, as well as a new closure, which we refer to as Kershaw closures. They provide non-negative distribution functions combined with an analytical closure. Numerical tests are performed with standard first-order finite volume schemes and compared with a finite-difference Fokker-Planck scheme.

Florian Schneider; Graham Alldredge; Martin Frank; Axel Klar

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

289

Free Energy of the Frhlich Polaron in Two and Three Dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a novel path integral Monte Carlo scheme to solve the Frhlich polaron model. At intermediate and strong electron-phonon couplings, the polaron self-trapping is properly taken into account at the level of an effective action obtained by a preaveraging procedure with a retarded trial action. We compute the free energy at several couplings and temperatures in three and two dimensions. Our results show that the accuracy of the Feynman variational upper bound for the free energy is always within a few percent. The method can be generalized to the N-polarons case.

John T. Titantah; Carlo Pierleoni; Sergio Ciuchi

2001-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

290

Overdamped thermal ratchets in one and more dimensions. Kinesin transport and protein folding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The overdamped thermal ratchet driven by an external (Orstein-Uhlenbeck) noise is revisited. The ratchet we consider is unbounded in space and not necessarily periodic . We briefly discuss the conditions under which current is obtained by analyzing the corresponding Fokker-Planck equation and its lack of stationary states. Next, two examples in more than one dimension and related to biological systems are presented. First, a two-dimensional model of a ``kinesin protein'' on a ``microtubule'' is analyzed and, second, we suggest that a ratchet mechanism may be behind the folding of proteins; the latter is elaborated with a multidimensional ratchet model.

Ernesto Gonzalez-Candela; Victor Romero-Rochin

2006-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

291

Penrose inequalities and a positive mass theorem for charged black holes in higher dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the inverse mean curvature flow to establish Penrose-type inequalities for time-symmetric Einstein-Maxwell initial data sets which can be suitably embedded as a hypersurface in Euclidean space $\\mathbb R^{n+1}$, $n\\geq 3$. In particular, we prove a positive mass theorem for this class of charged black holes. As an application we show that the conjectured upper bound for the area in terms of the mass and the charge, which in dimension $n=3$ is relevant in connection with the Cosmic Censorship Conjecture, always holds under the natural assumption that the horizon is stable as a minimal hypersurface.

Levi Lopes de Lima; Frederico Giro; Weslley Lozrio; Juscelino Silva

2014-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

292

Chiral liquids in one dimension: A non-Fermi-liquid class of fixed points  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We identify a non-Fermi-liquid class of fixed points describing the infrared behavior of interacting chiral fermions in one dimension. The thermodynamic properties and asymptotic correlation functions are characterized by universal exponents, which we determine by means of conformal and Bethe Ansatz techniques. The mechanism leading to the breakdown of Fermi-liquid theory is quite general and can be expected to be realized in systems with broken T invariance. As an example we study the edge states of interacting quantum Hall effect systems, where we calculate the universal NMR response.

Natan Andrei; Michael R. Douglas; Andrs Jerez

1998-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

The Hardy inequality and the heat equation with magnetic field in any dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the Euclidean space of any dimension d, we consider the heat semigroup generated by the magnetic Schroedinger operator from which an inverse-square potential is subtracted in order to make the operator critical in the magnetic-free case. Assuming that the magnetic field is compactly supported, we show that the polynomial large-time behaviour of the heat semigroup is determined by the eigenvalue problem for a magnetic Schroedinger operator on the (d-1)-dimensional sphere whose vector potential reflects the behaviour of the magnetic field at the space infinity. From the spectral problem on the sphere, we deduce that in d=2 there is an improvement of the decay rate of the heat semigroup by a polynomial factor with power proportional to the distance of the total magnetic flux to the discrete set of flux quanta, while there is no extra polynomial decay rate in higher dimensions. To prove the results, we establish new magnetic Hardy-type inequalities for the Schroedinger operator and develop the method of self-similar variables and weighted Sobolev spaces for the associated heat equation.

Cristian Cazacu; David Krejcirik

2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

294

Neuronal micro-culture engineering by microchannel devices of cellular scale dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of microchannel geometry on neuronal cultures and to maintain these cultures for long period of time (over several weeks) inside the closed microchannels of cellular scale dimensions. Methods: The primary hippocampal neurons from E-18 rat were cultured inside the closed polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microchannels of varying sizes. The effect of the channel geometry on the spatial and the temporal variations in the neural microenvironment was investigated by studying neural maturation and variation in the media osmolality respectively. The cultures were maintained for longer time spans by PDMS device pretreatment, control on media evaporation (by using hydrophobic ethylene propylene membrane) and an effective culture maintenance protocol. Further, the devices were integrated with the planar microelectrode arrays (MEA) to record spontaneous electrical activity. Results: A direct influence of channel geometry on neuron maturation was observed ...

Goyal, Gaurav

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Electric and magnetic screenings of gluons in a model with dimension-2 gluon condensate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric and magnetic screenings of the thermal gluons are studied by using the background expansion method in a gluodynamic model with dimension-2 gluon condensate. At low temperature, the electric and magnetic gluons are degenerate. With the increasing of temperature, it is found that the electric and magnetic gluons start to split at certain temperature $T_0$. The electric screening mass changes rapidly with temperature when $T>T_0$, and the Polyakov loop expectation value rises sharply around $T_0$ from zero in the vacuum to a value around 0.8 at high temperature. This suggests that the color electric deconfinement phase transition is driven by electric gluons. It is also observed that the magnetic screening mass keeps almost the same as its vacuum value, which manifests that the magnetic gluons remains confined. Both the screening masses and the Polyakov loop results are qualitatively in agreement with the Lattice calculations.

Fukun Xu; Mei Huang

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

296

A Local Corrections Algorithm for Solving Poisson's Equation inThree Dimensions  

SciTech Connect

We present a second-order accurate algorithm for solving thefree-space Poisson's equation on a locally-refined nested grid hierarchyin three dimensions. Our approach is based on linear superposition oflocal convolutions of localized charge distributions, with the nonlocalcoupling represented on coarser grids. There presentation of the nonlocalcoupling on the local solutions is based on Anderson's Method of LocalCorrections and does not require iteration between different resolutions.A distributed-memory parallel implementation of this method is observedto have a computational cost per grid point less than three times that ofa standard FFT-based method on a uniform grid of the same resolution, andscales well up to 1024 processors.

McCorquodale, Peter; Colella, Phillip; Balls, Gregory T.; Baden,Scott B.

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

297

Measurements of Nb3Sn conductor dimension changes during heat treatment  

SciTech Connect

During the heat treatment of Nb{sub 3}Sn coils the conductor material properties change significantly. These effects together with the changes of the conductor dimensions during heat treatment may introduce large strain in the coils for accelerator magnets. The US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) has initiated a study aiming at understanding the thermal expansion and contraction of Nb3Sn strands, cables and coils during heat treatment. Several measurements on strands and cables were performed in order to have sufficient inputs for finite element simulation of the dimensional changes during heat treatment. In this paper the results of measurements of OST-RRP Nb{sub 3}Sn conductor used in the LARP magnet program are discussed.

Bocian, D.; Ambrosio, G.; Whitson, G.M.; /Fermilab

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Is the Time a Dimension of an Alien Universe? (this hypothesis gives an additional redshift)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the base of the hypothesis about a nature of the time as a dimension of alien Universe relation between alteration of time with coordinates $\\frac{\\partial t}{\\partial x}$ and time {t} offered: $ \\frac{\\partial t} {\\partial x} = H_{t} t$ . This relation is an analogy of the Habble law in the time space. The consequence of it is additional redshift $Z_{DT}$ depending on differences $\\tau$ of times existence of the objects with redshift that are compared ($t_{0}$ is the time existence of more old object): $Z_{DT}=\\frac{1+\\frac{\\tau}{t_{0}}}{\\sqrt{1-(\\frac{\\tau}{t_{0}}})^{2}}-1$. The redshift of Arp galaxies may be explained if this relation is used and this explanation doe's not contradict Arp hypothesis about supernova explosions. Discussion a possibilities of experimental verification of the hypothesis is considered.

L. Ya. Kobelev

2000-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

299

Regge Field Theory in zero transverse dimensions: loops versus "net" diagrams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toy models of interacting Pomerons with triple and quaternary Pomeron vertices in zero transverse dimension are investigated. Numerical solutions for eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the corresponding Hamiltonians are obtained, providing the quantum solution for the scattering amplitude in both models. The equations of motion for the Lagrangians of the theories are also considered and the classical solutions of the equations are found. Full two-point Green functions ("effective" Pomeron propagator) and amplitude of diffractive dissociation process are calculated in the framework of RFT-0 approach. The importance of the loops contribution in the amplitude at different values of the model parameters is discussed as well as the difference between the models with and without quaternary Pomeron vertex.

Sergey Bondarenko

2010-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

300

Anomalous dimension of the gluon operator in pure Yang-Mills theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new one loop calculations that confirm the theorems of Joglekar and Lee on the renormalization of composite operators. We do this by considering physical matrix elements with the operators inserted at non-zero momentum. The resulting IR singularities are regulated dimensionally. We show that the physical matrix element of the BRST exact gauge variant operator which appears in the energy- momentum tensor is zero. We then show that the physical matrix elements of the classical energy-momentum tensor and the gauge invariant twist two gluon operator are independent of the gauge fixing parameter. A Sudakov factor appears in the latter cases. The universality of this factor and the UV finiteness of the energy-momentum tensor provide another method of finding the anomalous dimension of the gluon operator. We conjecture that this method applies to higher loops and takes full advantage of the triangularity of the mixing matrix.

B. W. Harris; J. Smith

1994-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

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301

Distinguishing Supersymmetry From Universal Extra Dimensions or Little Higgs Models With Dark Matter Experiments  

SciTech Connect

There are compelling reasons to think that new physics will appear at or below the TeV-scale. It is not known what form this new physics will take, however. Although The Large Hadron collider is very likely to discover new particles associated with the TeV-scale, it may be difficult for it to determine the nature of those particles, whether superpartners, Kaluza-Klein modes or other states. In this article, we consider how direct and indirect dark matter detection experiments may provide information complementary to hadron colliders, which can be used to discriminate between supersymmetry, models with universal extra dimensions, and Little Higgs theories. We find that, in many scenarios, dark matter experiments can be effectively used to distinguish between these possibilities.

Hooper, Dan; Zaharijas, Gabrijela; /Fermilab

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Analog simulations of josephson junction in a microwave field. Devil's staircase, fractal dimension, and decay constants  

SciTech Connect

The RSJ model of the Josephson junction in the presence of a microwave field is studied using an analog computer, with special attention to the behavior of this system near or at the critical line, where the set of substeps forms a complete devil's staircase on the I-V characteristic. A value of fractal dimension D = 0.868 +/- 0.002 is determined from 240 substeps between the winding numbers W = 0 and W = 1. Four values of decay constants are determined. The results agree very well with the prediction obtained from the one-dimensional circle map. A self-similarity graph is shown confirming that the staircase is very near the critical line. Results confirm the universal and global character of D and decay constants on the critical line, as was suggested by Jensen et al.

Kuznik, V.; Odehnal, M.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Quantum lattice gas model of Dirac particles in 1+1 dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Presented is a quantum computing representation of Dirac particle dynamics. The approach employs an operator splitting method that is an analytically closed-form product decomposition of the unitary evolution operator. This allows the Dirac equation to be cast as a unitary finite-difference equation in a high-energy limit. The split evolution operator (with separate kinetic and interaction terms) is useful for efficient quantum simulation. For pedagogical purposes, here we restrict the treatment to Dirac particle dynamics in 1+1 spacetime dimensions. Independent derivations of the quantum algorithm are presented and the model's validity is tested in several quantum simulations by comparing the numerical results against analytical predictions. Using the relativistic quantum algorithm in the case when mc^2 >> pc, quantum simulations of a nonrelativistic particle in an external scalar square well and parabolic potential is presented.

Jeffrey Yepez

2013-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

304

New Dimensions for Wound Strings:The Modular Transform of Geometry to Topology  

SciTech Connect

We show, using a theorem of Milnor and Margulis, that string theory on compact negatively curved spaces grows new effective dimensions as the space shrinks, generalizing and contextualizing the results in [1]. Milnor's theorem relates negative sectional curvature on a compact Riemannian manifold to exponential growth of its fundamental group, which translates in string theory to a higher effective central charge arising from winding strings. This exponential density of winding modes is related by modular invariance to the infrared small perturbation spectrum. Using self-consistent approximations valid at large radius, we analyze this correspondence explicitly in a broad set of time-dependent solutions, finding precise agreement between the effective central charge and the corresponding infrared small perturbation spectrum. This indicates a basic relation between geometry, topology, and dimensionality in string theory.

McGreevy, John; Silverstein, Eva; Starr, David

2006-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

305

Limits on large extra dimensions based on observations of neutron stars with the Fermi-LAT  

SciTech Connect

We present limits for the compactification scale in the theory of Large Extra Dimensions (LED) proposed by Arkani-Hamed, Dimopoulos, and Dvali. We use 11 months of data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi-LAT) to set gamma ray flux limits for 6 gamma-ray faint neutron stars (NS). To set limits on LED we use the model of Hannestad and Raffelt (HR) that calculates the Kaluza-Klein (KK) graviton production in supernova cores and the large fraction subsequently gravitationally bound around the resulting NS. The predicted decay of the bound KK gravitons to ?? should contribute to the flux from NSs. Considering 2 to 7 extra dimensions of the same size in the context of the HR model, we use Monte Carlo techniques to calculate the expected differential flux of gamma-rays arising from these KK gravitons, including the effects of the age of the NS, graviton orbit, and absorption of gamma-rays in the magnetosphere of the NS. We compare our Monte Carlo-based differential flux to the experimental differential flux using maximum likelihood techniques to obtain our limits on LED. Our limits are more restrictive than past EGRET-based optimistic limits that do not include these important corrections. Additionally, our limits are more stringent than LHC based limits for 3 or fewer LED, and comparable for 4 LED. We conclude that if the effective Planck scale is around a TeV, then for 2 or 3 LED the compactification topology must be more complicated than a torus.

Ajello, M.; Bechtol, K.; Berenji, B.; Bloom, E.D.; Borgland, A.W.; Buehler, R.; Cameron, R.A. [W.W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Baldini, L.; Bellazzini, R.; Bregeon, J. [INFN Sezione di Pisa, I-56127 Pisa (Italy); Barbiellini, G. [INFN Sezione di Trieste, I-34127 Trieste (Italy); Bastieri, D.; Buson, S. [INFN Sezione di Padova, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Bonamente, E.; Cecchi, C. [INFN Sezione di Perugia, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); Brigida, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica 'M. Merlin' dell'Universit e del Politecnico di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Bruel, P. [Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, cole polytechnique, CNRS/IN2P3, Palaiseau (France); Caliandro, G.A. [Institut de Cincies de l'Espai (IEEE-CSIC), Campus UAB, 08193 Barcelona (Spain); Caraveo, P.A. [INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Casandjian, J.M., E-mail: bijanb@alumni.stanford.edu, E-mail: elliott@slac.stanford.edu, E-mail: johann.cohen-tanugi@lupm.in2p3.fr [Laboratoire AIM, CEA-IRFU/CNRS/Universit Paris Diderot, Service d'Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette (France); Collaboration: Fermi-LAT collaboration; and others

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Limits on Large Extra Dimensions Based on Observations of Neutron Stars with the Fermi-LAT  

SciTech Connect

We present limits for the compactification scale in the theory of Large Extra Dimensions (LED) proposed by Arkani-Hamed, Dimopoulos, and Dvali. We use 11 months of data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi-LAT) to set gamma ray flux limits for 6 gamma-ray faint neutron stars (NS). To set limits on LED we use the model of Hannestad and Raffelt (HR) that calculates the Kaluza-Klein (KK) graviton production in supernova cores and the large fraction subsequently gravitationally bound around the resulting NS. The predicted decay of the bound KK gravitons to {gamma}{gamma} should contribute to the flux from NSs. Considering 2 to 7 extra dimensions of the same size in the context of the HR model, we use Monte Carlo techniques to calculate the expected differential flux of gamma-rays arising from these KK gravitons, including the effects of the age of the NS, graviton orbit, and absorption of gamma-rays in the magnetosphere of the NS. We compare our Monte Carlo-based differential flux to the experimental differential flux using maximum likelihood techniques to obtain our limits on LED. Our limits are more restrictive than past EGRET-based optimistic limits that do not include these important corrections. Additionally, our limits are more stringent than LHC based limits for 3 or fewer LED, and comparable for 4 LED. We conclude that if the effective Planck scale is around a TeV, then for 2 or 3 LED the compactification topology must be more complicated than a torus.

Ajello, M.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Baldini, L.; /INFN, Pisa; Barbiellini, G.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Bastieri, D.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Bechtol, K.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Bellazzini, R.; /INFN, Pisa; Berenji, B.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Bloom, E.D.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Bonamente, E.; /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U.; Borgland, A.W.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Bregeon, J.; /INFN, Pisa; Brigida, M.; /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari; Bruel, P.; /Ecole Polytechnique; Buehler, R.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Buson, S.; /INFN, Padua /Padua U.; Caliandro, G.A.; /CSIC, Catalunya; Cameron, R.A.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Caraveo, P.A.; /Brera Observ.; Casandjian, J.M.; /AIM, Saclay; Cecchi, C.; /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U.; Charles, E.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /ASDC, Frascati /Perugia U. /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Montpellier U. /Stockholm U. /Stockholm U., OKC /Royal Swedish Acad. Sci. /ASDC, Frascati /Udine U. /INFN, Trieste /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Ecole Polytechnique /NASA, Goddard /Hiroshima U. /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /INFN, Bari /ASDC, Frascati /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Bari Polytechnic /INFN, Bari /Bologna Observ. /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park /AIM, Saclay /Alabama U., Huntsville /INFN, Padua; /more authors..

2012-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

307

Domain growth in the random-field Ising model: The breakdown of self-similar scaling in two dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study a continuum random-field model of unstable domain growth in deep far-from-equilibrium quenches. We analyze the interfacial dynamics of the evolving domains and determine the growth laws and the structure factors in two and three dimensions. Our results can be interpreted as kinetic arguments, complementary to the equilibrium arguments of Imry and Ma, which are consistent with a lower critical dimension dl=2. In d=2 dimensions, we find that phase separation apparently stops, and that, as time tends to infinity, the renormalized "surface tension" vanishes. The results we obtain for the structure factor indicate that nonequilibrium scaling breaks down for d?2. Our theoretical predictions can be tested experimentally, or by computer simulation.

Martin Grant and J. D. Gunton

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

C/O RATIO AS A DIMENSION FOR CHARACTERIZING EXOPLANETARY ATMOSPHERES  

SciTech Connect

Until recently, infrared observations of exoplanetary atmospheres have typically been interpreted using models that assumed solar elemental abundances. With the chemical composition fixed, attempts have been made to classify hot Jupiter atmospheres on the basis of stellar irradiation. However, recent observations have revealed deviations from predictions based on such classification schemes, and chemical compositions retrieved from some data sets have also indicated non-solar abundances. The data require a two-dimensional (2D) characterization scheme with dependence on both irradiation and chemistry. In this work, we suggest the carbon-to-oxygen (C/O) ratio as an important second dimension for characterizing exoplanetary atmospheres. In hot-hydrogen-dominated atmospheres, the C/O ratio critically influences the relative concentrations of several spectroscopically dominant species. Between a C/O of 0.5 (solar value) and 2, the H{sub 2}O and CH{sub 4} abundances can vary by several orders of magnitude in the observable atmosphere, and new hydrocarbon species such as HCN and C{sub 2}H{sub 2} become prominent for C/O {>=} 1, while the CO abundance remains almost unchanged. Furthermore, a C/O {>=} 1 can preclude a strong thermal inversion due to TiO and VO in a hot Jupiter atmosphere, since TiO and VO are naturally underabundant for C/O {>=} 1. We, therefore, suggest a new 2D classification scheme for hydrogen-dominated exoplanetary atmospheres with irradiation (or temperature) and C/O ratio as the two dimensions. We define four classes in this 2D space (O1, O2, C1, and C2) with distinct chemical, thermal, and spectral properties. Based on the most recent observations, we characterize the thermal structure and C/O ratios of six hot Jupiters (XO-1b, CoRoT-2b, WASP-14b, WASP-19b, WASP-33b, and WASP-12b) in the framework of our proposed 2D classification scheme. While the data for several systems in our sample are consistent with C-rich atmospheres, new observations are required to conclusively constrain their C/O ratios in the day side as well as the terminator regions of their atmospheres. We discuss how observations using existing and forthcoming facilities can constrain C/O ratios in exoplanetary atmospheres.

Madhusudhan, Nikku, E-mail: Nikku.Madhusudhan@yale.edu [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

309

ESM 595TT: Biodiversity in Forest and Ocean Ecosystems (2 units) Dimensions of Biodiversity Distributed Graduate Seminar (DBDGS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ESM 595TT: Biodiversity in Forest and Ocean Ecosystems (2 units) Dimensions of Biodiversity, and taxonomic) of biodiversity and create fundamental advances within biodiversity science. The innovative on the relationship between biodiversity and environmental or anthropogenic drivers and/or the relationship between

California at Santa Barbara, University of

310

A high-order implicit finite element method for integrating the two-fluid magnetohydrodynamic equations in two dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe a new method for solving the time-dependent two-fluid magnetohydrodynamic (2F-MHD) equations in two dimensions that has significant advantages over other methods. The stream-function/potential representation of the velocity and magnetic field ...

S. C. Jardin; J. Breslau; N. Ferraro

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Boussinesq systems in two space dimensions over a variable bottom for the generation and propagation of tsunami waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boussinesq systems in two space dimensions over a variable bottom for the generation.R.T.H., P.O. Box 1527, 71110 Heraklion, Greece Abstract Considered here are Boussinesq systems of equations of surface water wave theory over a variable bottom. A simplified such Boussinesq system is derived

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

312

Calculation of Free Energy Landscape in Multi-Dimensions with Hamiltonian-Exchange Umbrella Sampling on Petascale Supercomputer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Calculation of Free Energy Landscape in Multi-Dimensions with Hamiltonian-Exchange Umbrella Sampling on Petascale Supercomputer ... Argonne Leadership Computing Facility, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Building 240, Argonne, Illinois 60439, United States ... More generally, such multiple copy algorithms (MCAs) represent a broad family of extremely scalable strategies aimed at enhancing the sampling efficiency of conventional classical molecular MD. ...

Wei Jiang; Yun Luo; Luca Maragliano; Benot Roux

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

313

A model-based method for computation of correlation dimension, Lyapunov exponents and synchronization from depth-EEG signals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to predict epileptic seizures many precursory features, extracted from the EEG signals, have been introduced. Before checking out the performance of features in detection of pre-seizure state, it is required to see whether these features are ... Keywords: Accurate feature extraction, Correlation dimension, Depth-EEG generator, Largest Lyapunov exponent, Seizure, Synchronization

F. Shayegh; S. Sadri; R. Amirfattahi; K. Ansari-Asl

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Cultural dimensions for user experience: cross-country and cross-product analysis of users' cultural characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The quality of user experience is intricately related to the users' cultural characteristics. However, not many studies have dealt with important cultural characteristics which are closely related to user experience. The main goals of this study are ... Keywords: cultural dimensions, culture, user experience

Inseong Lee; Gi Woong Choi; Jinwoo Kim; Solyung Kim; Kiho Lee; Daniel Kim; Myunghee Han; Seung Yong Park; Yongil An

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Simulation of Polycrystalline Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells in Two Dimensions Markus Gloeckler, Wyatt K. Metzger1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that a plausible reason behind highly efficient thin-film CIGS solar cells ( > 17%) is an inherent valenceSimulation of Polycrystalline Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells in Two Dimensions Markus Gloeckler, Wyatt K) solar cells and its effects on solar-cell performance. The simulations predict that (1) for device

Sites, James R.

316

Exotic collider signals from the complete phase diagram of minimal universal extra dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Minimal universal extra dimensions (mUED) is often thought to predict that the lightest Kaluza-Klein particle (LKP) is the Kaluza-Klein gauge boson B1, leading to conventional missing energy signals at colliders and weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) dark matter. In fact, the implications of mUED are far richer: the B1, charged Higgs boson H1, and graviton G1 are all possible LKPs, leading to many different phases with distinct signatures. Considering the complete phase diagram, we find predictions for charged or neutral particles with decay lengths of microns to tens of meters; WIMP, superWIMP, or charged relic particles; metastable particles with lifetimes of the order of or in excess of the age of the Universe; and scenarios combining two or more of these phenomena. In the cosmologically preferred region, the Higgs boson mass is between 180 and 245GeV, the LKP mass is between 810 and 1400GeV, and the maximal splitting between first Kaluza-Klein modes is less than 320GeV. This region predicts a variety of exotic collider signals, such as slow charged particles, displaced vertices, tracks with nonvanishing impact parameters, track kinks, and even vanishing charged tracks, all of which provide early discovery possibilities at the Large Hadron Collider.

Jose A. R. Cembranos; Jonathan L. Feng; Louis E. Strigari

2007-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

317

Extra Dimensions, Brane Worlds, and the Vanishing of Axion Contributions to Inflation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine from first principles the implications of the 5th Randall-Sundrum Brane world dimension in terms of setting initial conditions for chaotic inflationary physics. Our model pre supposes that the inflationary potential pioneered by Guth is equivalent in magnitute in its initial inflationary state to the effective potential presented in the Randall-Sundrum model. We also consider an axion contribution to chaotic inflation(which may have a temperature dependence) which partly fades out up to the point of chaotic inflation being matched to a Randall-Sundrum effective potential. If we reject an explicitly axion mass drop off to infinitesimal values at high temperatures, we may use the Bogomolnyi inequality to rescale and re set initial conditions for the chaotic inflationary potential. One of the potential systems embedded in the Randall-Sundrum brane world is a model with a phase transition bridge from a tilted wasboard potiential to the chaotic inflationary model pioneered by Guth which is congruent with the slow roll criteria. If, as written up earlier, the axion wall contribution is due to di-quarks,this is equivalent to tying in baryogenesis to the formation of chaotic inflation initial conditions, with the Randall-Sundrum brane world effective dileneating the end of the dominant role of di-quarks, and the beginning of inflation.

A. W. Beckwith

2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

318

Dark Matter in Minimal Universal Extra Dimensions with a Stable Vacuum and the "Right" Higgs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent discovery of a Higgs boson with mass of about 125 GeV, along with its striking similarity to the prediction from the Standard Model, informs and constrains many models of new physics. The Higgs mass exhausts one out of three input parameters of the minimal, five-dimensional version of universal extra dimension models, the other two parameters being the Kaluza-Klein (KK) scale and the cut-off scale of the theory. The presence of KK fermions with large coupling to the Higgs implies a short-lived electro-weak vacuum, unless the cut-off scale is at most a few times higher than the KK mass scale, providing an additional tight constraint to the theory parameter space. Here, we focus on the lightest KK particle as a dark matter candidate, and investigate the regions of parameter space where such particle has a thermal relic density in accord with the cosmological dark matter density. We find the paradoxical result that, for low enough cutoff scales consistent with vacuum stability, larger than previously thought KK mass scales become preferred to explain the dark matter abundance in the universe. We explain this phenomenon by pinpointing the additional particles which, at such low cutoffs, become close enough in mass to the dark matter candidate to coannihilate with it. We make predictions for both collider and direct dark matter searches that might soon close in on all viable theory parameter space.

Jonathan M. Cornell; Stefano Profumo; William Shepherd

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

319

Identification of interactions in fractional-order systems with high dimensions  

SciTech Connect

This article proposes an approach to identify fractional-order systems with sparse interaction structures and high dimensions when observation data are supposed to be experimentally available. This approach includes two steps: first, it is to estimate the value of the fractional order by taking into account the solution properties of fractional-order systems; second, it is to identify the interaction coefficients among the system variables by employing the compressed sensing technique. An error analysis is provided analytically for this approach and a further improved approach is also proposed. Moreover, the applicability of the proposed approach is fully illustrated by two examples: one is to estimate the mutual interactions in a complex dynamical network described by fractional-order systems, and the other is to identify a high fractional-order and homogeneous sequential differential equation, which is frequently used to describe viscoelastic phenomena. All the results demonstrate the feasibility of figuring out the system mechanisms behind the data experimentally observed in physical or biological systems with viscoelastic evolution characters.

Ji, Xiaoxi; Wu, Yu; Sheng, Wenbo [School of Mathematical Sciences and Centre for Computational Systems Biology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China)] [School of Mathematical Sciences and Centre for Computational Systems Biology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Lin, Wei, E-mail: wlin@fudan.edu.cn [School of Mathematical Sciences and Centre for Computational Systems Biology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China) [School of Mathematical Sciences and Centre for Computational Systems Biology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Shanghai Key Laboratory of Data Science, LMNS, and Shanghai Center for Mathematical Sciences, Shanghai 200433 (China)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

320

A dimension-breaking phenomenon for water waves with weak surface tension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well known that the water-wave problem with weak surface tension has small-amplitude line solitary-wave solutions which to leading order are described by the nonlinear Schr\\"odinger equation. The present paper contains an existence theory for three-dimensional periodically modulated solitary-wave solutions which have a solitary-wave profile in the direction of propagation and are periodic in the transverse direction; they emanate from the line solitary waves in a dimension-breaking bifurcation. In addition, it is shown that the line solitary waves are linearly unstable to long-wavelength transverse perturbations. The key to these results is a formulation of the water wave problem as an evolutionary system in which the transverse horizontal variable plays the role of time, a careful study of the purely imaginary spectrum of the operator obtained by linearising the evolutionary system at a line solitary wave, and an application of an infinite-dimensional version of the classical Lyapunov centre theorem.

Mark D. Groves; Shu-Ming Sun; Erik Wahln

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Neutrino Transfer in Three Dimensions for Core-Collapse Supernovae. I. Static Configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a numerical code to calculate the neutrino transfer with multi-energy and multi-angle in three dimensions (3D) for the study of core-collapse supernovae. The numerical code solves the Boltzmann equations for neutrino distributions by the discrete-ordinate (S_n) method with a fully implicit differencing for time advance. The Boltzmann equations are formulated in the inertial frame with collision terms being evaluated to the zeroth order of v/c. A basic set of neutrino reactions for three neutrino species is implemented together with a realistic equation of state of dense matter. The pair process is included approximately in order to keep the system linear. We present numerical results for a set of test problems to demonstrate the ability of the code. The numerical treatments of advection and collision terms are validated first in the diffusion and free streaming limits. Then we compute steady neutrino distributions for a background extracted from a spherically symmetric, general relativistic simulation of 15Msun star and compare them with the results in the latter computation. We also demonstrate multi-D capabilities of the 3D code solving neutrino transfers for artificially deformed supernova cores in 2D and 3D. Formal solutions along neutrino paths are utilized as exact solutions. We plan to apply this code to the 3D neutrino-radiation hydrodynamics simulations of supernovae. This is the first article in a series of reports on the development.

Kohsuke Sumiyoshi; Shoichi Yamada

2012-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

322

Neutrino Transfer in Three Dimensions for Core-Collapse Supernovae. I. Static Configurations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a numerical code to calculate the neutrino transfer with multi-energy and multi-angle in three dimensions (3D) for the study of core-collapse supernovae. The numerical code solves the Boltzmann equations for neutrino distributions by the discrete-ordinate (S_n) method with a fully implicit differencing for time advance. The Boltzmann equations are formulated in the inertial frame with collision terms being evaluated to the zeroth order of v/c. A basic set of neutrino reactions for three neutrino species is implemented together with a realistic equation of state of dense matter. The pair process is included approximately in order to keep the system linear. We present numerical results for a set of test problems to demonstrate the ability of the code. The numerical treatments of advection and collision terms are validated first in the diffusion and free streaming limits. Then we compute steady neutrino distributions for a background extracted from a spherically symmetric, general relativistic simulat...

Sumiyoshi, Kohsuke

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Black hole with a Dirac field in 3+1 dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a complex Dirac field in the quiral representation minimally coupled to gravity in 3+1 dimensions in the context of Einstein-Cartan theory. Generically the matter content gravitates in two different ways: On the one hand, the energy-momentum induces spacetime curvature; on the other hand, the presence of spin acts as a source for the spacetime torsion, which does not propagate. In this setup we consider the most general static spherically symmetric solution and we find an analytic black hole solution that supports a nontrivial spinor configuration. The sprinor field affects the geometry by inducing spacetime torsion, though, remarkably, it does not alter the black hole metric, which retains its Schwarzschild form. We find solutions both in asymptotically flat and asymptotically (Anti) de Sitter spaces. Additionally, we consider how the solution gets deformed when the so-called Holst term is included in the gravity action. We discuss possible observational effects due to the coupling of fermions in th...

Toloza, Adolfo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Critical Dimensions of Water-tamped Slabs and Spheres of Active Material  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

The magnitude and distribution of the fission rate per unit area produced by three energy groups of moderated neutrons reflected from a water tamper into one side of an infinite slab of active material is calculated approximately in section II. This rate is directly proportional to the current density of fast neutrons from the active material incident on the water tamper. The critical slab thickness is obtained in section III by solving an inhomogeneous transport integral equation for the fast-neutron current density into the tamper. Extensive use is made of the formulae derived in "The Mathematical Development of the End-Point Method" by Frankel and Goldberg. In section IV slight alterations in the theory outlined in sections II and III were made so that one could approximately compute the critical radius of a water-tamper sphere of active material. The derived formulae were applied to calculate the critical dimensions of water-tamped slabs and spheres of solid UF{sub 6} leaving various (25) isotope enrichment fractions. Decl. Dec. 16, 1955.

Greuling, E.; Argo, H.: Chew, G.; Frankel, M. E.; Konopinski, E.J.; Marvin, C.; Teller, E.

1946-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

325

Tomography of the quantum state of photons entangled in high dimensions  

SciTech Connect

Systems entangled in high dimensions have recently been proposed as important tools for various quantum information protocols, such as multibit quantum key distribution and loophole-free tests of nonlocality. It is therefore important to have precise knowledge of the nature of such entangled quantum states. We tomographically reconstruct the quantum state of the two photons produced by parametric downconversion that are entangled in a d-dimensional orbital angular momentum basis. We determine exactly the density matrix of the entangled two-qudit state with d ranging from 2 to 8. The recording of higher-dimensional states is limited only by the number of data points required and therefore the length of time needed to complete the measurements. We find all the measured states to have fidelities and linear entropies that satisfy the criteria required for a violation of the appropriate high-dimensional Bell inequality. Our results therefore precisely characterize the nature of the entanglement, thus establishing the suitability of such states for applications in quantum information science.

Agnew, Megan; Leach, Jonathan [Department of Physics, University of Ottawa, 150 Louis Pasteur, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5 Canada (Canada); McLaren, Melanie; Roux, F. Stef [CSIR National Laser Centre, Pretoria 0001 (South Africa); Boyd, Robert W. [Department of Physics, University of Ottawa, 150 Louis Pasteur, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6N5 Canada (Canada); Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

Universal Aspects of Deconfinement: Interfaces, Flux Tubes and Self-Duality in 2+1 Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study center vortex free energies and 't Hooft's electric fluxes on the lattice in 2+1 dimensions, where SU(2) for example, is in the universality class of the 2d Ising model. This places a wealth of exact results at our fingertips. In particular, spacelike center vortices in SU(2) near criticality correspond to spin interfaces in the 2d Ising model, whose universal scaling functions are known exactly. We exploit this to locate the deconfinement transition with unprecedented precision and subsequently for a finite size scaling analysis, where the self-duality of the $2d$ spin model is reflected in a duality between the spacelike vortices and confining electric fluxes. The corresponding relation between the string tension and its dual in the high temperature phase is arguably the simplest example of a universal amplitude ratio. Around the transition, both can be efficiently extracted from the exact results with a global one-parameter fit which allows straightforward continuum extrapolation.

Lorenz von Smekal; Sam R. Edwards; Nils Strodthoff

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

327

Universal Aspects of Deconfinement: Interfaces, Flux Tubes and Self-Duality in 2+1 Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study center vortex free energies and 't Hooft's electric fluxes on the lattice in 2+1 dimensions, where SU(2) for example, is in the universality class of the 2d Ising model. This places a wealth of exact results at our fingertips. In particular, spacelike center vortices in SU(2) near criticality correspond to spin interfaces in the 2d Ising model, whose universal scaling functions are known exactly. We exploit this to locate the deconfinement transition with unprecedented precision and subsequently for a finite size scaling analysis, where the self-duality of the $2d$ spin model is reflected in a duality between the spacelike vortices and confining electric fluxes. The corresponding relation between the string tension and its dual in the high temperature phase is arguably the simplest example of a universal amplitude ratio. Around the transition, both can be efficiently extracted from the exact results with a global one-parameter fit which allows straightforward continuum extrapolation.

von Smekal, Lorenz; Strodthoff, Nils

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

On boundedness, existence and uniqueness of strong solutions of the Navier-Stokes Equations in 3 dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we consider the Navier-Stokes Equations in 3 dimensions in the vorticity formulation in the absence of the external forces. We derive upper bounds on L_{infinity} norm of omega and use them together with the Local Existence and Uniqueness results to show Global Existence and Uniqueness of the solution provided that at t=0, L_{infinity} norm of omega is finite, or L_4 norm of omega is finite.

A. A. Ruzmaikina

2009-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

329

Influence of an anomalous dimension effect on thermal instability in amorphous-InGaZnO thin-film transistors  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates abnormal dimension-dependent thermal instability in amorphous indium-gallium-zinc-oxide (a-IGZO) thin-film transistors. Device dimension should theoretically have no effects on threshold voltage, except for in short channel devices. Unlike short channel drain-induced source barrier lowering effect, threshold voltage increases with increasing drain voltage. Furthermore, for devices with either a relatively large channel width or a short channel length, the output drain current decreases instead of saturating with an increase in drain voltage. Moreover, the wider the channel and the shorter the channel length, the larger the threshold voltage and output on-state current degradation that is observed. Because of the surrounding oxide and other thermal insulating material and the low thermal conductivity of the IGZO layer, the self-heating effect will be pronounced in wider/shorter channel length devices and those with a larger operating drain bias. To further clarify the physical mechanism, fast I{sub D}-V{sub G} and modulated peak/base pulse time I{sub D}-V{sub D} measurements are utilized to demonstrate the self-heating induced anomalous dimension-dependent threshold voltage variation and on-state current degradation.

Liu, Kuan-Hsien; Chou, Wu-Ching, E-mail: tcchang3708@gmail.com, E-mail: wuchingchou@mail.nctu.edu.tw [Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsin-chu 300, Taiwan (China); Chang, Ting-Chang, E-mail: tcchang3708@gmail.com, E-mail: wuchingchou@mail.nctu.edu.tw [Department of Physics, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China); Advanced Optoelectronics Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan (China); Chen, Hua-Mao; Tai, Ya-Hsiang [Department of Photonics and Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsin-chu 300, Taiwan (China); Tsai, Ming-Yen; Hung, Pei-Hua; Chu, Ann-Kuo [Department of Photonics, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China); Wu, Ming-Siou; Hung, Yi-Syuan [Department of Electronics Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsin-Chu 300, Taiwan (China); Hsieh, Tien-Yu [Department of Physics, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China); Yeh, Bo-Liang [Advanced Display Technology Research Center, AU Optronics, No.1, Li-Hsin Rd. 2, Hsinchu Science Park, Hsin-Chu 30078, Taiwan (China)

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

330

Daimler's SuperTruck Program; 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presents highlights of engine and vehicle advances made, and progress towards achieving aggressive goals

331

Emergency Braking: A Study of Network and Application Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of such applications as a function of the market penetration rate, showing that even cars that are not equipped interact? What is the market penetration rate that makes EEBL ben- efits measurable? Do non

Lo Cigno, Renato Antonio

332

Improvements of vehicle fuel economy using mechanical regenerative braking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents a mixed theoretical and experimental evaluation of the improvements in fuel economy that follow the introduction of a mechanical Kinetic Energy Recovery System (KERS) on a full size passenger car. This system, made up of a high speed storage flywheel and a Constant Variable Transmission (CVT), has a full regenerative cycle overall efficiency about twice the efficiency of battery-based hybrids. With reference to the baseline configuration having a 4L gasoline engine, adoption of a KERS may reduce the fuel consumption covering the NEDC by 25% without downsizing, and by 33% downsizing the engine to 3.3L.

Alberto A. Boretti

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

ORNL/Pub40701 Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and International Nuclear Information System (INIS) representatives from the following source. Office of Scientific

334

Large-dimension, high-ZT Thermoelectric Nanocomposites for High-Power High-efficiency Waste Heat Recovery for Electricity Generation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Large-dimension, high-ZT BiTe and Pb-based nanocomposites produced with a low-cost scalable process were used for development and testing of TE module prototypes, and demonstration of a waste heat recovery system

335

1 WJL WJL 3/14/00 revised PC dimensions, requiring LV panels to go to space in a second rack REQUIRED SIGNATURES, DATE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 WJL WJL 3/14/00 revised PC dimensions, requiring LV panels to go to space in a second rack INCHES ALL DIMENSIONS ARE TOFp DRAWING NUMBER REV. DATE DATE W.J. Llope 1/26/00 DRWN BY TOFp Rack NUMBER REV. DATECOGNIZANT ENG PRODUCTION APP TOFp/pVPD Rack1 Contents 5U Breaker Panel 15U SM255 Mount

Llope, William J.

336

Accurate critical exponents for Ising like systems in non-integer dimensions J. C. Le Guillou (*) and J. Zinn-Justin (**)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

19 Accurate critical exponents for Ising like systems in non-integer dimensions J. C. Le Guillou Groupe de Renormalisation à 3 dimensions, ainsi qu'avec les résultats exacts du modèle d'Ising à 2 modèle d'Ising. De façon à permettre une comparaison directe avec les valeurs du Groupe de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

337

New approach to spectrum calculations in lattice Hamiltonian field theories: Introduction and application to ??4 theory in 1+1 dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce a finite-lattice technique for calculating the spectrum of fluctuating Bose theories in the continuum limit. The method gives the continuum spectrum to an estimated ?1% accuracy in 1+1 dimensions using available computer memory. The spectrum of ??4 theory in 1+1 dimensions is studied as a trial application; we find no bound states in the spectrum between m and 2m.

Ted Barnes and Geoffrey J. Daniell

1983-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

338

Estimate of the allowable dimensions of diagnosed defects in category III and IV welded pipeline joints{sup 1}  

SciTech Connect

An approach for estimating the permissible dimensions of technological defects in butt welded joints in category III and IV pipelines is described. The allowable size of a welding defect is determined from the condition of compliance with the specifications on strength for a reference cross section (damaged joint) of the pipeline taking into account its weakening by a given defect.With regard to the fairly widespread discovery of technological defects in butt welded joints during diagnostics of auxiliary pipelines for thermal electric power plants, the proposed approach can be used in practice by repair and consulting organizations.

Grin', E. A.; Bochkarev, V. I. [JSC 'All-Russia Thermal Engineering Institute' (JSC 'VTI') (Russian Federation)] [JSC 'All-Russia Thermal Engineering Institute' (JSC 'VTI') (Russian Federation)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

Goldstone models in D + 1 dimensions, D = 3, 4, 5, supporting stable and zero topological charge solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study finite energy static solutions to a global symmetry breaking Goldstone model described by an isovector scalar field in D + 1 spacetime dimensions. Both topologically stable multisolitons with arbitrary winding numbers and zero topological charge solitonantisoliton solutions are constructed numerically in D = 3, 4, 5. We have explored the types of symmetries the systems should be subjected to, for there to exist multisoliton and solitonantisoliton pairs in D = 3, 4, 5, 6. These findings are underpinned by constructing numerical solutions in the D ? 5 examples. Subject to axial symmetry, only multisolitons of all topological charges exist in even D, and in odd D only zero and unit topological charge solutions exist. Subjecting the system to weaker than axial symmetries results in the existence of all the possibilities in all dimensions. Our findings also apply to finite 'energy' solutions to YangMills and YangMillsHiggs systems as well as to sigma models, but we find the numerical work for the Goldstone models more accessible.

Eugen Radu; D H Tchrakian

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

New Regulators for Quantum Field Theories with Compactified Extra Dimensions. II: Ultraviolet Finiteness and Effective Field Theory Implementation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a previous companion paper [arXiv:0712.3532], we proposed two new regulators for quantum field theories in spacetimes with compactified extra dimensions. Unlike most other regulators which have been used in the extra-dimension literature, these regulators are specifically designed to respect the original higher-dimensional Lorentz and gauge symmetries that exist prior to compactification, and not merely the four-dimensional symmetries which remain afterward. In this paper, we use these regulators in order to develop a method for extracting ultraviolet-finite results from one-loop calculations. This method also allows us to derive Wilsonian effective field theories for Kaluza-Klein modes at different energy scales. Our method operates by ensuring that divergent corrections to parameters describing the physics of the excited Kaluza-Klein modes are absorbed into the corresponding parameters for zero modes, thereby eliminating the need to introduce independent counterterms for parameters characterizing different Kaluza-Klein modes. Our effective field theories can therefore simplify calculations involving Kaluza-Klein modes, and be compared directly to potential experimental results emerging from collider data.

Sky Bauman; Keith R. Dienes

2008-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A formula for the fractal dimension d approx. 0.87 of the Cantorian set underlying the Devil's staircase associated with the Circle Map  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Cantor set complementary to the Devil's Staircase associated with the Circle Map has a fractal dimension d approximately equal to 0.87, a value that is universal for a wide range of maps, such results being of a numerical character. In this paper we deduce a formula for such dimensional value. The Devil's Staircase associated with the Circle Map is a function that transforms horizontal unit interval I onto vertical I, and is endowed with the Farey-Brocot (F-B) structure in the vertical axis via the rational heights of stability intervals. The underlying Cantor-dust fractal set Omega in the horizontal axis --Omega contained in I, with fractal dimension d(Omega) approx. 0.87-- has a natural covering with segments that also follow the F-B hierarchy: therefore, the staircase associates vertical I (of unit dimension) with horizontal Omega in I (of dimension approx. 0.87), i.e. it selects a certain subset Omega of I, both sets F- B structured, the selected Omega with smaller dimension than that of I. Hence, the...

Losada, M N Piacquadio

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NFPA DFTFRJ.llNATION RECIPIENT:Growth Dimensions for Belvidere and Boone County Inc.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OFFNERGY OFFNERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NFPA DFTFRJ.llNATION RECIPIENT:Growth Dimensions for Belvidere and Boone County Inc. PROJEcr TITLE: Biobased Materials Automotive Value Chain Market Development Analysis Page 1 of2 STATE: IL Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Numbu NEPA Control Number CID Number COP DE-FG36-04G014231 GF()..G014231-0Q9 G014231 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 45I.1A). I have made the following determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but 001 limited la, literature surveys, inventories. audits), data analysis (including computer modeling), document preparation (such as conceptual design Of feasibility studies, analytical energy supply and

343

Finite-temperature Yang-Mills theory in the Hamiltonian approach in Coulomb gauge from a compactified spatial dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yang-Mills theory is studied at finite temperature within the Hamiltonian approach in Coulomb gauge by means of the variational principle using a Gaussian type ansatz for the vacuum wave functional. Temperature is introduced by compactifying one spatial dimension. As a consequence the finite temperature behavior is encoded in the vacuum wave functional calculated on the spatial manifold $\\mathbb{R}^2 \\times \\mathrm {S}^1 (L)$ where $L^{-1}$ is the temperature. The finite-temperature equations of motion are obtained by minimizing the vacuum energy density to two-loop order. We show analytically that these equations yield the correct zero-temperature limit while at infinite temperature they reduce to the equations of the $2$+$1$-dimensional theory in accordance with dimensional reduction. The resulting propagators are compared to those obtained from the grand canonical ensemble where an additional ansatz for the density matrix is required.

Heffner, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Equivalence of finite difference approximation and digital waveguide modeling for lossless, nondispersive media in one to three dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The finite difference approximation method is commonly used to convert a differential equation into a recursive computation for computer simulation of an acoustic medium. Less well known is the digital waveguidemodeling approach to the same problem which is based on simulating the propagation of sampled traveling waves in the medium and which implements losses and dispersion using digital filters applied to the traveling waves [Comput. Music. J. 7491 (Winter 1992)]. It turns out the two methods are equivalent in rectilinear coordinates in one two and three dimensions in the lossless nondispersive case provided the spatial sampling interval is chosen to be a specific constant (c in the one?dimensional case) times the temporal sampling interval. Since the digital waveguide simulation technique requires far less computational effort it can be used to both accelerate and increase the accuracy of numerical simulations of acoustic media.

Julius O. Smith III; Scott A. Van Duyne

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Proceedings of the Second Conference on the Human Dimensions of Wildland Fire GTR-NRS-P-84 67 INVOLVING THE PUBLIC IN RESTORING THE ROLE OF FIRE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proceedings of the Second Conference on the Human Dimensions of Wildland Fire GTR-NRS-P-84 67, and the wilderness resource itself. The USFS recently developed a fire management plan and conducted an environmental, restoration of these degraded longleaf pine- dominated ecosystems is a regional priority (Gilliam and Platt

346

Surface roughening in shadowing growth and etching in 21 dimensions Jason T. Drotar, Y.-P. Zhao, T.-M. Lu, and G.-C. Wang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface roughening in shadowing growth and etching in 2¿1 dimensions Jason T. Drotar, Y.-P. Zhao, T simulations, we examine the roughening behavior of a shadowing model, with lateral growth, for (2 1)-dimensional systems. The results show that the roughening growth exponent 1 for growth and 0 for etching

Wang, Gwo-Ching

347

de dimensions diffrentes, l'unit lumineuse n'exigeai t que 3oo fl ergs, et dans l'arc voltaque l'unit de lumire correspond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

précédente. C. DAGUENET. A. MACFARLANE. 2014 The disruptive discharge of electricity (Décharge disruptive. MACFARLANE and P.-M. PLAYFAIR. 2014 On the disruptive discharge of electricity through liquid dielectriesI38 de dimensions différentes, l'unité lumineuse n'exigeai t que 3oo fl ergs, et dans l'arc

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

348

Comment on: "The Casimir force on a piston in the spacetime with extra compactified dimensions" [Phys. Lett. B 668 (2008) 72  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We offer a clarification of the significance of the indicated paper of H. Cheng. Cheng's conclusions about the attractive nature of Casimir forces between parallel plates are valid beyond the particular model in which he derived them; they are likely to be relevant to other recent literature on the effects of hidden dimensions on Casimir forces.

S. A. Fulling; K. Kirsten

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

349

Development of a three-dimensional particle image velocimetry algorithm and analysis of synthetic and experimental flows in three-dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plane is applied. This technique is an extension of the two-dimensional Pulsed Laser Velocimetry (PLV) to three-dimensions. With this new scheme, one will be able to analyze non-planar and turbulent flows. To validate the scheme, firstly the algorithm...

Costes, Sylvain Vincent

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

350

High q-state clock spin glasses in three dimensions and the Lyapunov exponents of chaotic phases and chaotic phase boundaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spin-glass phases and phase transitions for q-state clock models and their q ? ? limit the XY model, in spatial dimension d = 3, are studied by a detailed renormalization-group study that is exact for the d = 3 hierarchical ...

Ilker, Efe

351

Search for the minimal universal extra dimension model at the LHC with s=7??TeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Universal Extra Dimension (UED) model is one of the popular extension of the standard model (SM) which offers interesting phenomenology. In the minimal UED (mUED) model, Kaluza-Klein (KK) parity conservation ensures that n=1 KK states can only be pair produced at colliders and the lightest KK particle is stable. In most of the parameter space, first KK excitation of SM hypercharge gauge boson is the lightest one and it can be a viable dark matter candidate. Thus, the decay of n=1 KK particles will always involve missing transverse energy (ET) as well as leptons and jets. The production cross sections of n=1 KK particles are large and such particles may be observed at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). We explore the mUED discovery potential of the LHC with s=7??TeV in the multileptonic final states. Since in the early LHC run, precise determination of ET may not be possible, we examine the LHC reach with and without using ET information. We observe that ET cut will not improve mUED discovery reach significantly. We have found that opposite-sign di-lepton channel is the most promising discovery mode and with first fb-1 of collected luminosity, LHC will be able to discover the strongly interacting n=1 KK particles with masses up to 800?900??GeV.

Biplob Bhattacherjee and Kirtiman Ghosh

2011-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

352

Self-intersecting fuzzy extra dimensions from squashed coadjoint orbits in ${\\cal N}=4$ SYM and matrix models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find new vacuum solutions of ${\\cal N}=4$ super-Yang-Mills with totally anti-symmetric cubic soft SUSY breaking terms, or equivalently solutions of the IKKT matrix model of type $\\mathbb{R}^4_\\theta \\times {\\cal K}_N$ with flux terms. The solutions can be understood in terms of 4- and 6- dimensional fuzzy branes ${\\cal K}_N$ in extra dimensions, describing self-intersecting projections of compact flag manifolds of $SU(3)$. The 6-dimensional solutions provide a 6-fold covering of the internal space near the origin, while the 4-dimensional branes have a triple self-intersections spanning all 6 internal directions. The solutions have lower energy than the trivial vacuum, and we prove that there are no negative modes. The massless modes are identified explicitly. In particular there are chiral fermionic zero modes, linking the coincident sheets with opposite flux at the origin. They have a $\\mathbb{Z}_3$ family symmetry, originating from the Weyl group rotations.

Harold C. Steinacker; Jochen Zahn

2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

353

Social dimensions of energy supply alternatives in steelmaking: comparison of biomass and coal production scenarios in Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Global climatic change is driving research and development in low emissions technologies. One such technology is the use of charcoal from biomass in steelmaking. This paper adapts social life cycle assessment methodologies to analyse the social dimensions of energy supply alternatives in steelmaking using regionalised production scenarios in Australia. Three energy supply alternatives are investigated: charcoal produced from Radiata pine plantation forestry; charcoal produced from Mallee eucalypt revegetation on agricultural land; and metallurgical coal. Impact indicators analysed include land-use, employment, workplace health & safety and a qualitative analysis of identified stakeholder issues. The research finds that biomass alternatives are significant generators of direct employment at the regional level; have concomitantly higher rates of workplace injuries and represent a significant change in land-use. Charcoal produced from Mallee biomass planted as a conservation measure on farmland, however, has the benefit of representing a shared land-use that provides an additional farm revenue stream and assists dryland salinity management. The paper finds that full substitution of coal by pine or Mallee charcoal does not provide a unique solution for optimising the social performance of the energy supply alternatives across all indicators.

Fitsum S. Weldegiorgis; Daniel M. Franks

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Low-energy effective theory of Fermi surface coupled with U(1) gauge field in 2+1 dimensions  

SciTech Connect

We study the low-energy effective theory for a non-Fermi-liquid state in 2+1 dimensions, where a transverse U(1) gauge field is coupled with a patch of Fermi surface with N flavors of fermion in the large N limit. In the low-energy limit, quantum corrections are classified according to the genus of the two-dimensional surface on which Feynman diagrams can be drawn without a crossing in a double line representation and all planar diagrams are important in the leading order. The emerging theory has the similar structure to the four-dimensional SU(N) gauge theory in the large N limit. Because of strong quantum fluctuations caused by the abundant low-energy excitations near the Fermi surface, low-energy fermions remain strongly coupled even in the large N limit. As a result, there are infinitely many quantum corrections that contribute to the leading frequency dependence of the Green's function of fermion on the Fermi surface. On the contrary, the boson self-energy is not modified beyond the one-loop level and the theory is stable in the large N limit. The nonperturbative nature of the theory also shows up in correlation functions of gauge-invariant operators.

Lee, Sung-Sik [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4M1 (Canada)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

BOUNDING PROJECTIVE DIMENSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of algorithms in algebra as well as the study of their complexity was initiated before the advent of modern computers. Hermann [25] studied the ideal membership problem, i.e determining whether a given polynomial is in a fixed homogeneous ideal, and found a doubly exponential bound on its computational

Jason Mccullough; Alexandra Seceleanu

356

Dimensions: Sketching Piotr  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

structures 2 Dimensionality Reduction in HammingMetric Theorem: For any r and eps>0 (small enough: -- If D(p,q)eps/10)t -- If D(p,q)>(1+eps)r then D(G(p), G(q)) >(c+eps/20)t is at least 1­P, as long as t=C*log(2/P)/eps 2 , C large constant. . Given n points, we can reduce

357

Vacuum Polarization and Casimir Energy of a Dirac Field Induced by a Scalar Potential in One Spatial Dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the vacuum polarization and the Casimir energy of a Dirac field coupled to a scalar potential in one spatial dimension. Both of these effects have a common cause which is the distortion of the spectrum due to the coupling with the background field. Choosing the potential to be a symmetrical square-well, the problem becomes exactly solvable and we can find the whole spectrum of the system, analytically. We show that the total number of states and the total density remain unchanged as compared with the free case, as one expects. Furthermore, since the positive- and negative-energy eigenstates of the fermion are fermion-number conjugates of each other and there is no zero-energy bound state, the total density and the total number of negative and positive states remain unchanged, separately. Therefore, the vacuum polarization in this model is zero for any choice of the parameters of the potential. It is important to note that although the vacuum polarization is zero due to the symmetries of the model, the Casimir energy of the system is not zero in general. In the graph of the Casimir energy as a function of the depth of the well there is a maximum approximately when the bound energy levels change direction and move back towards their continuum of origin. The Casimir energy for a fixed value of the depth is a linear function of the width and is always positive. Moreover, the Casimir energy density (the energy density of all the negative-energy states) and the energy density of all the positive-energy states are exactly the mirror images of each other. Finally, computing the total energy of a valence fermion present in the lowest fermionic bound state, taking into account the Casimir energy, we find that the lowest bound state is almost always unstable for the scalar potential.

Siamak S. Gousheh; Soheila S. Mousavi; Leila Shahkarami

2014-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

358

Measurement of Dijet Angular Distributions at sq root(s)=1.96 TeV and Searches for Quark Compositeness and Extra Spatial Dimensions  

SciTech Connect

We present the first measurement of dijet angular distributions in pp collisions at sq root(s)=1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The measurement is based on a dataset corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 0.7 fb{sup -1} collected with the D0 detector. Dijet angular distributions have been measured over a range of dijet masses, from 0.25 TeV to above 1.1 TeV. The data are in good agreement with the predictions of perturbative QCD and are used to constrain new physics models including quark compositeness, large extra dimensions, and TeV{sup -1} scale extra dimensions. For all models considered, we set the most stringent direct limits to date.

Abazov, V. M.; Alexeev, G. D.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Malyshev, V. L.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Vertogradov, L. S.; Yatsunenko, Y. A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Abbott, B.; Gutierrez, P.; Hossain, S.; Jain, S.; Rominsky, M.; Severini, H.; Skubic, P.; Strauss, M. [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Abolins, M.; Benitez, J. A.; Brock, R.; Edmunds, D.; Hall, I. [Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2009-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

359

tude de la dimension collective de l'usage des systmes d'assistance la conduite automobile en situation relle : l'exemple du rgulateur  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 ?tude de la dimension collective de l'usage des systèmes d'assistance à la conduite automobile en d'assistance à la conduite automobile très répandu dont la fonction est de conserver une allure. Mots clés : Système d'aide à la conduite automobile ; Ergonomie ; Régulateur de vitesse conventionnel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

360

Critical scaling dimension of D-module representations of N=4,7,8 superconformal algebras and constraints on superconformal mechanics  

SciTech Connect

At critical values of the scaling dimension {lambda}, supermultiplets of the global N-extended one-dimensional supersymmetry algebra induce D-module representations of finite superconformal algebras (the latters being identified in terms of the global supermultiplet and its critical scaling dimension). For N=4,8 and global supermultiplets (k,N,N-k), the exceptional superalgebras D(2, 1;{alpha}) are recovered for N=4, with a relation between {alpha} and the scaling dimension given by {alpha}= (2 -k){lambda}. For N=8 and k{ne} 4 all four N=8 finite superconformal algebras are recovered, at the critical values {lambda}{sub k}=(1/k-4), with the following identifications: D(4, 1) for k= 0, 8, F(4) for k= 1, 7, A(3, 1) for k= 2, 6 and D(2, 2) for k= 3, 5. The N=7 global supermultiplet (1, 7, 7, 1) induces, at {lambda}=-(1/4), a D-module representation of the exceptional superalgebra G(3). D-module representations are applicable to the construction of superconformal mechanics in a Lagrangian setting. The isomorphism of the D(2, 1;{alpha}) algebras under an S{sub 3} group action on {alpha}, coupled with the relation between {alpha} and the scaling dimension {lambda}, induces non-trivial constraints on the admissible models of N=4 superconformal mechanics. The existence of new superconformal models is pointed out. For example, coupled (1, 4, 3) and (3, 4, 1) supermultiplets generate an N=4 superconformal mechanics if {lambda} is related to the golden ratio. The relation between classical versus quantum D-module representations is presented.

Khodaee, Sadi; Toppan, Francesco [CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, cep 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (RJ) (Brazil)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Fact #693: September 19, 2011 Average Vehicle Footprint for Cars and Light Trucks  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A vehicle footprint is the area defined by the four points where the tires touch the ground. It is calculated as the product of the wheelbase and the average track width of the vehicle. The...

362

Search for contact interactions and large extra dimensions in the dilepton channel using protonproton collisions at \\(\\sqrt{s}~=\\) 8TeV with the ATLAS detector  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A search is conducted for non-resonant new phenomena in dielectron and dimuon final states, originating from either contact interactions or large extra spatial dimensions. The LHC 2012 protonproton collision ...

G. Aad; B. Abbott; J. Abdallah; S. Abdel Khalek

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Self-Assembly of Electron Donor?Acceptor Dyads into Ordered Architectures in Two and Three Dimensions:? Surface Patterning and Columnar Double Cables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Self-Assembly of Electron Donor?Acceptor Dyads into Ordered Architectures in Two and Three Dimensions:? Surface Patterning and Columnar Double Cables ... We report the synthesis and characterization of covalent dyads and multiads of electron acceptors (A) and donors (D), with the purpose of exploiting their nanophase separation behavior toward (a) two-dimensional (2D) surface patterning with well-defined integrated arrays of dissimilar molecular electronic features and (b) bulk self-assembly to noncovalent columnar versions of the so-called double cable systems, the likes of which could eventually provide side-by-side percolation pathways for electrons and holes in solar cells. ...

Paolo Samor; Xiaomin Yin; Natalia Tchebotareva; Zhaohui Wang; Tadeusz Pakula; Frank Jckel; Mark D. Watson; Alessandro Venturini; Klaus Mllen; Jrgen P. Rabe

2004-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

364

Search for quark contact interactions and extra spatial dimensions using dijet angular distributions in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A search is presented for quark contact interactions and extra spatial dimensions in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV using dijet angular distributions. The search is based on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns collected by the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. Dijet angular distributions are found to be in agreement with the perturbative QCD predictions that include electroweak corrections. Limits on the contact interaction scale from a variety of models at next-to-leading order in QCD corrections are obtained. A benchmark model in which only left-handed quarks participate is excluded up to a scale of 9.0 (11.7) TeV for destructive (constructive) interference at 95% confidence level. Lower limits between 6.0 and 8.4 TeV on the scale of virtual graviton exchange are extracted for the Arkani-Hamed--Dimopoulos--Dvali model of extra spatial dimensions.

CMS Collaboration

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

365

Effects of boosting the supply temperature on pipe dimensions of low-energy district heating networks: A case study in Gladsaxe, Denmark  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a method for the dimensioning of the low-energy District Heating (DH) piping networks operating with a control philosophy of supplying heat in low-temperature such as 55C in supply and 25C in return regularly while the supply temperature levels are being boosted in cold winter periods. The performance of the existing radiators that were formerly sized with over-dimensions was analyzed, its results being used as input data for the performance evaluation of the piping network of the low-energy DH system operating with the control philosophy in question. The optimization method was performed under different mass flow limitations that were formed with various temperature configurations. The results showed that reduction in the mass flow rate requirement of a district is possible by increasing the supply temperature in cold periods with significant reduction in heat loss from the DH network. Sensitivity analysis was carried out in order to evaluate the area of applicability of the proposed method. Hence varied values of the original capacity and the current capacity of the existing radiators were evaluated with the design temperature values that were defined by two former radiator sizing standards.

Hakan ?. Tol; Svend Svendsen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

PERFORMANCE STATISTICS WEIghTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2650 lbs 2650 lbs Delivered Curb Weight 9 : 2615 lbs Distribution F/R 9 (%): 58.6/41.4 GVWR: 3164 lbs GAWR F/R: 1797/1378lbs Payload 5 : 564 lbs Performance Goal: 400 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 95.9 in Track F/R: 59.6/59.1 in Length: 160.6 in Width: 68.5 in Height: 54.9 in Ground Clearance: 5.3 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in TIRES Tire Mfg: Dunlop Tire Model: SP Sport 1000m Tire Size: 195 / 55 R16 86V Tire Pressure F/R: 30/30 psi Spare Installed: Yes ENgINE Model: 1.5 L I4 Output 8 : 122 hp @ 6000 rpm Configuration: Inline Four-cylinder Displacement: 1.5 L Fuel Tank Capacity: 10.6 gal Fuel Type: Unleaded Gasoline © 2010 Electric Transportation Applications All Rights Reserved VEhICLE FEATuRES Base Vehicle: 2011 Honda CRZ EX Hybrid VIN: JHMZF1C64BS002982

367

PERFORMANCE STATISTICS WEIghTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

245 lbs 245 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 4118 lbs GVWR: 5675 lbs GAWR F/R: 2865/3130 lbs Distribution F/R: 59/41 % Payload: 1557 lbs Performance Goal: 400 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 106.7 in Track F/R: 61.9/61.1 in Length: 185.3 in Width: 71.5 in Height: 68.6 in Ground Clearance: 5.9 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in TIRES Tire Mfg: Goodyear Tire Model: Integrity Tire Size: P225/65R17 Tire Pressure F/R: 32/32 Spare Installed: Yes ENgINE Model: 3MZ-FE Output: 208 hp @ 5600 rpm Configuration: V6 Displacement: 3.3 L Fuel Tank Capacity: 17.2 gal Fuel Type: Unleaded Gasoline © 2010 Electric Transportation Applications All Rights Reserved VEhICLE FEATuRES Base Vehicle: 2006 Highlander VIN: JTEDW21A860005681 Seatbelt Positions: Seven Standard Features: Air Conditioning

368

untitled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2723 lbs 2723 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 2756 lbs Distribution F/R (%): 58/42 GVWR: 3630 lbs GAWR F/R: 1881/1782lbs Payload 5 : 907 lbs Performance Goal: 400 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 100.4 in Track F/R: 58.7/58.1 in Length: 172.3 in Width: 66.7 in Height: 56.2 in Ground Clearance: 5.5 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in TIRES Tire Mfg: Dunlop Tire Model: SP31 A/S Tire Size: 175 / 65 R15 84S Tire Pressure F/R: 33/33 psi Spare Installed: Yes ENGINE Model: 1.3 L LDA series I4 Output: 98 hp @ 5800 rpm Configuration: Inline Four-cylinder Displacement: 1.3 L Fuel Tank Capacity: 10.6 gal Fuel Type: Unleaded Gasoline © 2009 Electric Transportation Applications All Rights Reserved VEHICLE FEATURES Base Vehicle: 2010 Honda Insight Hybrid VIN: JHMZE2H78AS010141 Seatbelt Positions: Five Standard Features:

369

untitled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

720 lbs 720 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 3698 lbs Distribution F/R (%): 60.4/39.6 GVWR: 4701 lbs GAWR F/R: 2492/2209 lbs Payload 5 : 850 lbs Performance Goal: 400 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 107.4 in Track F/R: 61.7/61.3 in Length: 190.6 in Width: 72.2 in Height: 56.9 in Ground Clearance: 7 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in TIRES Tire Mfg: Michelin Tire Model: Energy MXV4 SS Tire Size: P225/50VR17 Tire Pressure F/R: 33/33 psi Spare Installed: Yes ENGINE Model: 2.5L Atkinson Cycle Output: 156 hp @ 6000 rpm Configuration: Inline Four-cylinder Displacement: 2.5 L Fuel Tank Capacity: 17.5 gal Fuel Type: Unleaded Gasoline © 2009 Electric Transportation Applications All Rights Reserved VEHICLE FEATURES Base Vehicle: 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid VIN: 3FADP0L34AR144757 Seatbelt Positions: Five

370

PERFORMANCE STATISTICS WEIghTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

365 lbs 365 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 4510 lbs Distribution F/R: 57/43 % GVWR: 5520 lbs GAWR F/R: 2865/2865 lbs Payload: 1010 lbs Performance Goal: 400 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 107.0 inches Track F/R: 62/61.2 inches Length: 187.2 inches Width: 72.6 inches Height: 66.4 inches Ground Clearance: 7.1 inches Performance Goal: 5.0 inches TIRES Tire Mfg: Goodyear Tire Model: Eagle RS-A Tire Size: P215/55R18 Tire Pressure F/R: 30/30 psi Spare Installed: Yes ENgINE Model: 3MZ-FE Output: 208 hp @ 5600 rpm Configuration: DOHC V6 Displacement: 3.3 L Fuel Tank Capacity: 17.2 Gallons Fuel Type: Unleaded Gasoline © 2010 Electric Transportation Applications All Rights Reserved VEhICLE FEATuRES Base Vehicle: 2006 Lexus RX 400h VIN: JTJHW31U160002575 Seatbelt Positions: Five

371

A Micro-Milled Design for Creating Precise Lumen Dimensions in ECM Hydrogels via Viscous Fingering Physiologically relevant models of tissues are needed by researchers for biological investigations. For example,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to characterize the process of lumen formation within the fabricated micro-channel networks. A working knowledgeA Micro-Milled Design for Creating Precise Lumen Dimensions in ECM Hydrogels via Viscous Fingering-house Computer Numerical Control (CNC) micro-milling machine. He/she will then assist in performing experiments

372

Search for contact interactions and large extra dimensions in the dilepton final state using proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract A search is conducted for non-resonant new phenomena in dielectron and dimuon final states, originating from either contact interactions (CI) or large extra dimensions (LED). The full LHC 2012 proton-proton collision dataset recorded by the ATLAS detector is used, corresponding to 20 fb

Berry, T; The ATLAS collaboration

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Draft Version of "Jacqueline Guzman, Regina Motz, Alberto Rodrigues da Silva, "Valuing Learning Objects inside a Community", Book chapter in Handbook of Research on Enterprise 2.0: Technological, Social, and Organizational Dimensions, 2012, IGI Global"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Organizational Dimensions, 2012, IGI Global" Valuing Learning Objects shared in an Online Community ABSTRACTDraft Version of "Jacqueline Guzman, Regina Motz, Alberto Rodrigues da Silva, "Valuing Learning In this chapter we analyze and discuss how the activity inside a social network impacts on the value of a Learning

da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues

374

Higher dimensions Max flow min cut in higher dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and direction) to each edge such that: net flow at each vertex, except S and T, is zero; and |xe| e. Value-negative number, and direction) to each edge such that: net flow at each vertex, except S and T, is zero; and |xe of flow xe (non-negative number, and direction) to each edge such that: net flow at each vertex is zero

Duval, Art

375

Higher dimensions Max flow min cut in higher dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-negative number, and direction) to each edge such that: net flow at each vertex, except S and T, is zero; and |xe, and direction) to each edge such that: net flow at each vertex is zero; and |xe| e. Value of flow is x0. Duval: net flow at each vertex is zero; and |xe| e. Value of flow is x0. Definition Cut is minimal set

Duval, Art

376

Dimensions are shown in inch (mm ) Dimensions subject to change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pole 1 BCD code 2 BCD complement code 3 Gray code 4 Hexadecimal code Contact Material 3 (STD), Gold 1 SPDT, SP3T, SP4T functions · Rotary binary-decimal and hexadecimal coding Typical Applications · Timers RTE1010N13 10 BCD 65 RTE1000N33 RTE1010N33 10 GRAY 65 RTE1600N43 RTE1610N43 10 HEXADECIMAL 65 PC Mount

Berns, Hans-Gerd

377

Electrically charged finite energy solutions of an $SO(5)$ and an $SU(3)$ Higgs-Chern-Simons--Yang-Mills-Higgs systems in $3+1$ dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study spherically symmetric finite energy solutions of two Higgs-Chern-Simons--Yang-Mills-Higgs (HCS-YMH) models in $3+1$ dimensions, one with gauge group $SO(5)$ and the other with $SU(3)$. The Chern-Simons (CS) densities are defined in terms of both the Yang-Mills (YM) and Higgs fields and the choice of the two gauge groups is made so they do not vanish. The solutions of the $SO(5)$ model carry only electric charge and zero magnetic charge, while the solutions of the $SU(3)$ model are dyons carrying both electric and magnetic charges like the Julia-Zee (JZ) dyon. Unlike the latter however, the electric charge in both models receives an important contribution from the CS dynamics. We pay special attention to the relation between the energies and charges of these solutions. In contrast with the electrically charged JZ dyon of the Yang-Mills-Higgs (YMH) system, whose mass is larger than that of the electrically neutral (magnetic monopole) solutions, the masses of the electrically charged solutions of our HCS-YMH models can be smaller than their electrically neutral counterparts in some parts of the parameter space. To establish this is the main task of this work, which is performed by constructing the HCS-YMH solutions numerically. In the case of the $SU(3)$ HCS-YMH, we have considered the question of angular momentum, and it turns out that it vanishes.

Francisco Navarro-Lerida; D. H. Tchrakian

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

The influence of the magnetic topology on the braking of sun-like stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stellar winds are thought to be the main process responsible for the spin down of main-sequence stars. The extraction of angular momentum by a magnetized wind has been studied for decades, leading to several formulations for the resulting torque. However, previous studies generally consider simple dipole or split monopole stellar magnetic topologies. Here we consider in addition to a dipolar stellar magnetic field, both quadrupolar and octupolar configurations, while also varying the rotation rate and the magnetic field strength. 60 simulations made with a 2.5D, cylindrical and axisymmetric set-up and computed with the PLUTO code were used to find torque formulations for each topology. We further succeed to give a unique law that fits the data for every topology by formulating the torque in terms of the amount of open magnetic flux in the wind. We also show that our formulation can be applied to even more realistic magnetic topologies, with examples of the Sun in its minimum and maximum phase as observed at t...

Rville, Victor; Matt, Sean; Strugarek, Antoine; Pinto, Rui

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, similar in shape and size to a Chevrolet S-10. This vehicle was already converted to an electric car

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

380

ORNL/TM-2011/479 Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.............................................................................................................................1 1.1 BACKGROUND...............................................................................................................6 2.2.1 Test Vehicle and Sensors

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Interface design for an aircraft thrust and braking indicator/advisor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent advances in the development of aircraft landing and takeoff performance monitoring systems (Pinder, 2003) have shown the feasibility of a cockpit instrument that could aid significantly in the decision making process during the most critical phases ... Keywords: auditory interfaces, aviation, bimodal user interfaces, cockpit user interfaces

S. D. Pinder; D. N. Bristow; T. C. Davies

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

A performance evaluation of an automotive magnetorheological brake design with a sliding mode controller  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industries due to its potential to improve vehicle perfor- mance, safety and cost. The ``x'' in x Engineering, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, P.O. Box 3055 STN CSC, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3P6 flow and heat transfer analysis. The performance of the MRB in a vehicle was studied using a quarter

Park, Edward

383

Combined fast valving and braking resistor application to improve transient stability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In many cases, power plants and load centers are connected through long transmission lines. Furthermore, the development over the years of improved methods of' cooling generators and of designing low pressure turbine stages have resulted in a reduction... power input to the turbogenerator is measured with a reheater pressure transducer and the electrica1 power output from the generator is measured with a kw transducer. When the 10 0 V 0 C4 4 0) f-4 H m Cd . A ) N Cd VII &D '0 (U Ctd cd cdm OE...

Chen, Jen-Yeu Thomas

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

A study of factors affecting foot movement time in a braking maneuver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; in the stationary vehicle portion of the study, they were not. Mean foot MT for both genders over all conditions were 0.28 seconds for women and 0.22 seconds for men. For older drivers, over all conditions, the mean foot MT was 0.25 seconds, and, for the younger...

Berman, Andrea Helene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

385

Injection Timing Effects on Brake Fuel Conversion Efficiency and Engine System's Respones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

timing effects on the combustion processes, engine efficiency, and the engine system's responses. The engine in the study is a medium duty diesel engine (capable of meeting US EPA Tier III off road emission standards) equipped with common rail direct...

McLean, James Elliott

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

386

Author's personal copy What can the braking indices tell us about the nature of pulsars?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

additional torques by particle outflow or accretion disk, changes in inclination angle or magnetic field's personal copy pole radiation and relativistic particle flow/wind (Dar, 1999; Allen and Horvath, 2000; Xu and Qiao, 2001; Wu et al., 2003; Contopoulos et al., 2006), the models with changing inclination angles (e

Xu, Ren-Xin

387

To brake or to accelerate? Safety effects of combined speed and red light cameras  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractIntroduction The present study evaluates the traffic safety effect of combined speed and red light cameras at 253 signalized intersections in Flanders, Belgium that were installed between 2002 and 2007. Method The adopted approach is a before-and-after study with control for the trend. Results The analyses showed a non-significant increase of 5% in the number of injury crashes. An almost significant decrease of 14% was found for the more severe crashes. The number of rear-end crashes turned out to have increased significantly (+44%), whereas a non-significant decrease (?6%) was found in the number of side crashes. The decrease for the severe crashes was mainly attributable to the effect on side crashes, for which a significant decrease of 24% was found. Practical Applications It is concluded that combined speed and red light cameras have a favorable effect on traffic safety, in particular on severe crashes. However, future research should examine the circumstances of rear-end crashes and how this increase can be managed.

Ellen De Pauw; Stijn Daniels; Tom Brijs; Elke Hermans; Geert Wets

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Ising droplets in five dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Monte Carlo simulations indicate that the size distribution of Coniglio-Klien droplets in the five-dimensional nearest-neighbor Ising model corresponds to mean field Ising exponents.

D. Stauffer

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Toy stars in one dimension  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......equilibrium position due to forces from much greater masses...toy star stayed in the fundamental mode regardless of the...suggested that maybe the fundamental was an exact solution...really a many-body force that Newton had used...Stegun I. A., 1972, Handbook of Mathematical Functions......

J. J. Monaghan; D. J. Price

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

The Local Dimension of Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

andinternationalexperience,severalbespokeenergystrategiesareidentified thathavesignificantpotentialtocontributetolocalenergydemandreductionandlower CO2emissions in theUK.The strategies identified include,CombinedHeatandPower with District Heating (CHP?DH), Energy from Waste Facilities (Ef... . Monitoring and managing own energy and carbon emissions. Implementation of energy efficiency schemes within local government buildings such as schools, halls and sporting facilities etc. Using CHP (Combined Heat and Power) to supply heat and power...

Kelly, Scott

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

391

Quantum coherence in two dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The formation and evaporation of two-dimensional black holes are discussed. It is shown that if the radiation in minimal scalars has positive energy, there must be a global event horizon or a naked singularity. The former would imply loss of quantum coherence while the latter would lead to an even worse breakdown of predictability. CPT invariance would suggest that there ought to be past horizons as well. A way in which this could happen with wormholes is described.

S. W. Hawking and J. D. Hayward

1994-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

392

Dimension growth for C -algebras  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 6, 2007 ... depend on the classification theory of nuclear C?-algebras. 2007 Elsevier ... In the late 1980s, Elliott conjectured that separable nuclear C. ?.

2007-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

393

Central configurations in three dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...often referred to as the one-component-plasma (OCP) model (Baus & Hansen 1980...r2 : (2.20) (c) One-component plasma and Thomson's plum pudding The OCP...analytical foundations of celestial mechanics. Princeton University Press. Ziman, J. 1979 Models...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Search for Dark Matter Candidates and Large Extra Dimensions in Events with a Photon and Missing Transverse Momentum in pp Collision Data at ?s=7?TeV with the ATLAS Detector  

Results of a search for new phenomena in events with an energetic photon and large missing transverse momentum in proton-proton collisions at ?s =7??TeV are reported. Data collected by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.6??fb?1 are used. Good agreement is observed between the data and the standard model predictions. The results are translated into exclusion limits on models with large extra spatial dimensions and on pair production of weakly interacting dark matter candidates.

Aad, G.; Abajyan, T.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdel Khalek, S.; Abdelalim, A. A.; Abdinov, O.; Aben, R.; Abi, B.; Abolins, M.; AbouZeid, O. S.; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; Acharya, B. S.; Adamczyk, L.; Adams, D. L.; Addy, T. N.; Adelman, J.; Adomeit, S.; Adragna, P.; Adye, T.; Aefsky, S.; Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.; Agustoni, M.; Aharrouche, M.; Ahlen, S. P.; Ahles, F.; Ahmad, A.; Ahsan, M.; Aielli, G.; Akdogan, T.; kesson, T. P. A.; Akimoto, G.; Akimov, A. V.; Alam, M. S.; Alam, M. A.; Albert, J.; Albrand, S.; Aleksa, M.; Aleksandrov, I. N.; Alessandria, F.; Alexa, C.; Alexander, G.; Alexandre, G.; Alexopoulos, T.; Alhroob, M.; Aliev, M.; Alimonti, G.; Alison, J.; Allbrooke, B. M. M.; Allport, P. P.; Allwood-Spiers, S. E.; Almond, J.; Aloisio, A.; Alon, R.; Alonso, A.; Alonso, F.; Altheimer, A.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Alviggi, M. G.; Amako, K.; Amelung, C.; Ammosov, V. V.; Amor Dos Santos, S. P.; Amorim, A.; Amram, N.; Anastopoulos, C.; Ancu, L. S.; Andari, N.; Andeen, T.; Anders, C. F.; Anders, G.; Anderson, K. J.; Andreazza, A.; Andrei, V.; Andrieux, M-L.; Anduaga, X. S.; Anger, P.; Angerami, A.; Anghinolfi, F.; Anisenkov, A.; Anjos, N.; Annovi, A.; Antonaki, A.; Antonelli, M.; Antonov, A.; Antos, J.; Anulli, F.; Aoki, M.; Aoun, S.; Aperio Bella, L.; Apolle, R.; Arabidze, G.; Aracena, I.; Arai, Y.; Arce, A. T. H.; Arfaoui, S.; Arguin, J-F.; Arik, E.; Arik, M.; Armbruster, A. J.; Arnaez, O.; Arnal, V.; Arnault, C.; Artamonov, A.; Artoni, G.; Arutinov, D.; Asai, S.; Asfandiyarov, R.; Ask, S.; sman, B.; Asquith, L.; Assamagan, K.; Astbury, A.; Atkinson, M.; Aubert, B.; Auge, E.; Augsten, K.; Aurousseau, M.; Avolio, G.; Avramidou, R.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Azuma, Y.; Baak, M. A.; Baccaglioni, G.; Bacci, C.; Bach, A. M.; Bachacou, H.; Bachas, K.; Backes, M.; Backhaus, M.; Badescu, E.; Bagnaia, P.; Bahinipati, S.; Bai, Y.; Bailey, D. C.; Bain, T.; Baines, J. T.; Baker, O. K.; Baker, M. D.; Baker, S.; Banas, E.; Banerjee, P.; Banerjee, Sw.; Banfi, D.; Bangert, A.; Bansal, V.; Bansil, H. S.; Barak, L.; Baranov, S. P.; Barbaro Galtieri, A.; Barber, T.; Barberio, E. L.; Barberis, D.; Barbero, M.; Bardin, D. Y.; Barillari, T.; Barisonzi, M.; Barklow, T.; Barlow, N.; Barnett, B. M.; Barnett, R. M.; Baroncelli, A.; Barone, G.; Barr, A. J.; Barreiro, F.; Barreiro Guimares da Costa, J.; Barrillon, P.; Bartoldus, R.; Barton, A. E.; Bartsch, V.; Basye, A.; Bates, R. L.; Batkova, L.; Batley, J. R.; Battaglia, A.; Battistin, M.; Bauer, F.; Bawa, H. S.; Beale, S.; Beau, T.; Beauchemin, P. H.; Beccherle, R.; Bechtle, P.; Beck, H. P.; Becker, A. K.; Becker, S.; Beckingham, M.; Becks, K. H.; Beddall, A. J.; Beddall, A.; Bedikian, S.; Bednyakov, V. A.; Bee, C. P.; Beemster, L. J.; Begel, M.; Behar Harpaz, S.; Behera, P. K.; Beimforde, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bell, P. J.; Bell, W. H.; Bella, G.; Bellagamba, L.; Bellina, F.; Bellomo, M.; Belloni, A.; Beloborodova, O.; Belotskiy, K.; Beltramello, O.; Benary, O.; Benchekroun, D.; Bendtz, K.; Benekos, N.; Benhammou, Y.; Benhar Noccioli, E.; Benitez Garcia, J. A.; Benjamin, D. P.; Benoit, M.; Bensinger, J. R.; Benslama, K.; Bentvelsen, S.; Berge, D.; Bergeaas Kuutmann, E.; Berger, N.; Berghaus, F.; Berglund, E.; Beringer, J.; Bernat, P.; Bernhard, R.; Bernius, C.; Berry, T.; Bertella, C.; Bertin, A.; Bertolucci, F.; Besana, M. I.; Besjes, G. J.; Besson, N.; Bethke, S.; Bhimji, W.; Bianchi, R. M.; Bianco, M.; Biebel, O.; Bieniek, S. P.; Bierwagen, K.; Biesiada, J.; Biglietti, M.; Bilokon, H.; Bindi, M.; Binet, S.; Bingul, A.; Bini, C.; Biscarat, C.; Bittner, B.; Black, K. M.; Blair, R. E.; Blanchard, J.-B.; Blanchot, G.; Blazek, T.; Bloch, I.; Blocker, C.; Blocki, J.; Blondel, A.; Blum, W.; Blumenschein, U.; Bobbink, G. J.; Bobrovnikov, V. B.; Bocchetta, S. S.; Bocci, A.; Boddy, C. R.; Boehler, M.; Boek, J.; Boelaert, N.; Bogaerts, J. A.; Bogdanchikov, A.; Bogouch, A.; Bohm, C.; Bohm, J.; Boisvert, V.; Bold, T.; Boldea, V.; Bolnet, N. M.; Bomben, M.; Bona, M.; Boonekamp, M.; Bordoni, S.; Borer, C.; Borisov, A.; Borissov, G.; Borjanovic, I.; Borri, M.; Borroni, S.; Bortolotto, V.; Bos, K.; Boscherini, D.; Bosman, M.; Boterenbrood, H.; Bouchami, J.; Boudreau, J.; Bouhova-Thacker, E. V.; Boumediene, D.; Bourdarios, C.; Bousson, N.; Boveia, A.; Boyd, J.; Boyko, I. R.; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I.; Bracinik, J.; Branchini, P.; Brandenburg, G. W.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, G.; Brandt, O.; Bratzler, U.; Brau, B.; Brau, J. E.; Braun, H. M.; Brazzale, S. F.; Brelier, B.; Bremer, J.; Brendlinger, K.; Brenner, R.; Bressler, S.; Britton, D.; Brochu, F. M.; Brock, I.; Brock, R.; Broggi, F.; Bromberg, C.; Bronner, J.; Brooijmans, G.; Brooks, T.; Brooks, W. K.; Brown, G.; Brown, H.; Bruckman de Renstrom, P. A.; Bruncko, D.; Bruneliere, R.; Brunet, S.; Bruni, A.; Bruni, G.; Bruschi, M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

On the discrete bicycle transformation S. Tabachnikov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the discrete bicycle transformation S. Tabachnikov E. Tsukerman 1 Introduction The motivation for this paper comes from the study of a simple model of bicycle motion. The bicycle is modeled as an oriented segment in the plane of fixed length , the wheelbase of the bicycle. The motion is constrained so

Tabachnikov, Sergei

396

The effect of magnetic topology on thermally-driven winds: towards a general formulation of the braking law  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stellar winds are thought to be the main process responsible for the spin down of main-sequence stars. The extraction of angular momentum by a magnetized wind has been studied for decades, leading to several formulations for the resulting torque. However, previous studies generally consider simple dipole or split monopole stellar magnetic topologies. Here we consider in addition to a dipolar stellar magnetic field, both quadrupolar and octupolar configurations, while also varying the rotation rate and the magnetic field strength. 60 simulations made with a 2.5D, cylindrical and axisymmetric set-up and computed with the PLUTO code were used to find torque formulations for each topology. We further succeed to give a unique law that fits the data for every topology by formulating the torque in terms of the amount of open magnetic flux in the wind. We also show that our formulation can be applied to even more realistic magnetic topologies, with examples of the Sun in its minimum and maximum phase as observed at t...

Rville, Victor; Matt, Sean; Strugarek, Antoine; Pinto, Rui

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Disc formation in turbulent cloud cores: is magnetic flux loss necessary to stop the magnetic braking catastrophe or not?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......regions, while the MHD model with artificially...Appendix reproduces the diagrams as obtained in SGL12...the mass M. These diagrams provide a way to...than in the ideal MHD model and comparable...and 1000 au scale diagrams - middle and right-hand...specially for the ideal MHD model.) The geometry......

R. Santos-Lima; E. M. de Gouveia Dal Pino; A. Lazarian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Holography and Infrared Conformality in Two Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a very brief review of some results from hep-th/0112154 and hep-th/0209191. In holographic renormalization, we studied the RG flow of a 2d N=(4,4) CFT perturbed by a relevant operator, flowing to a conformal fixed point in the IR. Here, the supergravity dual is displayed, and the computation of correlators is discussed. The sample stress-energy correlator given here provides an opportunity to explicitly compare Zamolodchikov's C-function to the proposal for a "holographic C-function".

Marcus Berg

2002-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

399

Mass hierarchies from two extra dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The string, MSSM GUT, weak and QCD scales, and the Rydberg constant, correspond to the positions of AdS domain wall intersections in a two-dimensional extra space of infinite extent. The domain walls lie along and parallel to the sides of cells which tile the extra space. The cells are four-sided with parallel opposite sides of lengths Rln(pi/2) and Rln(pi), where R is the AdS radius of curvature. Particle masses correspond to the positions of domain walls. We represent the extra space graphically.

B. F. Riley

2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

400

DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A;nursing,fromPHS-NIHNational Center for Health Resources and Services Administration,$55,000,"SupplementalFund- ingfor,000, "Graduate Research Support for Analysis of Grain Storage and Water Mar- kets in Rural Bangladesh." Bayley

Ginzel, Matthew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International LLC, $2,700, "Multi Sponsored." Cai, Liping A and Anderson, Donald J; consumer & family sciences for Research Abbott,Angela R; consumer & family sciences, from United Way - Greater Lafayette & Tippe- canoe County, Indiana Inc., $1,500, "Poverty Simulation Voluntary Support." Abbott,Angela R; consumer & family

Ginzel, Matthew

402

Roughening and Melting in Two Dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In two-dimensional systems with a continuous symmetry group long-wavelength fluctuations are dominant. Thus Kosterlitz and Thouless (KT) predicted a unique phase transition caused by topological defects. We revie...

Y. Saito; H. Mller-Krumbhaar

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low-CostTechnologyfortheNextGeneration of High Efficiency Solar Cells; Modification 3 for Grant 105663." (a Discovery Park award -- Energy Center engineering, electrical & computer engineering, from U.S. Department of Energy, $25,999, "Development of-Throughput Pathogen RNA Detection System for Dairy Products." Bhunia,ArunK;foodscience,fromEmbassy oftheArabRepublicofEgypt

Ginzel, Matthew

404

DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Office of Scientific Research, $240,000, "Fuel Chemistry and Combustion Distribution Effects on Rocket and astronautics, from Air Force Office of Scientific Research, $795,443, "Experimental Studies of Coal and Biomass & astronautical engineering, from Siemens Corporate Research Inc., $65,000, "Test- ing Combustion Response

Ginzel, Matthew

405

Treating business dimension in software ecosystems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Software Ecosystems (SECOs) have emerged as an approach to improve Software Engineering (SE) in industry considering relations among companies and stakeholders. Companies have opened up their platforms and artifacts to others, including partners and ... Keywords: component-based software engineering, software ecosystems, software reuse, value-based software engineering

Rodrigo Pereira dos Santos; Cludia Werner

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Computation-Based Nonde- structive Evaluation -- Activities for 2013." Adcock, Benjamin J, Inc." Bermel, Peter A; Alam, Muhammad A; Gray,JefferyLandLundstrom,MarkS;elec- trical

Ginzel, Matthew

407

Activity dependence of solar supergranular fractal dimension  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Activity dependence of solar supergranular fractal...NIE Institute of Technology, Hootagalli Industrial...of supergranular cells using the intensity...at the Kodaikanal Solar Observatory during...Zoomed-in view of the solar chromosphere. Cell A is present in......

U. Paniveni; V. Krishan; Jagdev Singh; R. Srikanth

2010-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

408

DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engineering, from American Chemistry Council, $2,553, "National Swimming Pool Foundation (NSPF) Equipment; electrical & com- puter engineering, from Columbia University, $166,643, "High Efficiency Nanosystems -- Voluntary Support." Blatchley, Ernest R; civil engineering, from Citizens Energy Group, $24,290, "Design

Ginzel, Matthew

409

PROBING QUASAR SIGHT LINES IN THREE DIMENSIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the spatial resolution in our datasets. For the sub-DLA galaxy towards PHL 1226, we determine a solar abundance in the emission region using strong line diagnostics. We discuss the possible presence

410

DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), Multiphysics Design & Optimization of Earth-Abundant Solar Cells Made from Copper, Zink, Tin, Sulfide (CZTS Climatic Module Soil Subgrade Input Parameters in the MEPDG." Bowman, Mark D; civil engineering, from

Ginzel, Matthew

411

Environmental Dimensions of Disarmament and Conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 1990s mark the beginnings of an era in which fundamental change occurs in two domains critical to the future of human existence. The first is the realm of national and international security. National secu...

Michael Renner

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Conditions d'optimalit'e (dimension infinie)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

th'eor`eme des fonctions implicites. Si \\Delta F est un Banach, \\Delta E = Y \\Theta U , avec Y un) pr'ec'edente, l'existence du multiplicateur de Lagrange peut s'obtenir `a partir du Th'eor`eme de \\Delta les hypoth`eses du th'eor`eme de Lyusternik sont v'erifi'ees, \\Delta ¯ x est solution de (P E

413

"Dimension theory of arbitrary modules over 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

finite von Neumann algebras and L -Betti numbers I: Foundations to define L2-Betti n* *umbers for arbitrary topological spaces with an action of a discrete group* *n amenable group that the p-th L2-Betti number depends only on the C -module given * *by

Lück, Wolfgang

414

Bending branes for DCFT in two dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a holographic dual model for defect conformal field theories (DCFT) in which we include the backreaction of the defect on the dual geometry. In particular, we consider a dual gravity system in which a two-dimensional hypersurface with matter fields, the brane, is embedded into a three-dimensional asymptotically Anti-de Sitter spacetime. Motivated by recent proposals for holographic duals of boundary conformal field theories (BCFT), we assume the geometry of the brane to be determined by Israel junction conditions. We show that these conditions are intimately related to the energy conditions for the brane matter fields, and explain how these energy conditions constrain the possible geometries. This has implications for the holographic entanglement entropy in particular. Moreover, we give exact analytical solutions for the case where the matter content of the brane is a perfect fluid, which in a particular case corresponds to a free massless scalar field. Finally, we describe how our results may be ...

Erdmenger, Johanna; Newrzella, Max-Niklas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,998, "Structural Health Monitoring of Offshore Wind Turbine: Simulation and Data Analysis." Adams, Douglas E,"InstrumentationVanProject." Beckerman, Janna L; botany & plant pathol- ogy, from Indiana Arborists Association, Inc., $4,000, "Indiana Arborists Association, Inc." Beckerman, Janna L; botany & plant pathol- ogy

Ginzel, Matthew

416

DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Based Topology for Offshore Wind Power Plants." Allebach, Jan P; Bouman, Charles A and Lu, Yung & plant pathology, from NationalScienceFoundation,$325,000,"Arse- nic

Ginzel, Matthew

417

Coherence vortices in one spatial dimension  

SciTech Connect

Coherence vortices are screw-type topological defects in the phase of Glauber's two-point degree of quantum coherence, associated with pairs of spatial points at which an ensemble-averaged stochastic quantum field is uncorrelated. Coherence vortices may be present in systems whose dimensionality is too low to support spatial vortices. We exhibit lattices of such quantum-coherence phase defects for a one-dimensional model quantum system. We discuss the physical meaning of coherence vortices and propose how they may be realized experimentally.

Simula, Tapio P.; Paganin, David M. [School of Physics, Monash University, Victoria 3800 (Australia)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

Interpretable Dimension Reduction HUGH A. CHIPMAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Lock, 1993), with 17 variables such as price, fuel economy, weight, engine size, etc. Variable names be an effective tool for reducing dimensionality in problems where many variables are measured. This is especially an average) of the variables, and consequently correspond to overall size. Subsequent directions may identify

Gu, Hong

419

Source dimensions in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions  

SciTech Connect

Recent experiments on pion correlations, interpreted as interferometric measurements of the collision zone, are compared with models that distinguish a prehadronic phase and a hadronic phase. The models include prehadronic longitudinal expansion, conversion to hadrons in local kinetic equilibrium, and rescattering of the produced hadrons. The longitudinal radius measured in collisions of 200 GeV/u sulfur nuclei on a heavy target require the existence of a prehadronic phase which converts to the hadronic phase at densities around 0.8 GeV/fm{sup 3}. The transverse radii cannot be reproduced without introducing more complex dynamics into the transverse expansion.

Herrmann, M.; Bertsch, G.F.

1994-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

420

Dynamic Visualisation in Three Physical Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

13] NOVA, built by ETH Zurich. http://www.nova.ethz.ch/ andNOVA, developed by ETH Zurich. andrew.morrison@aho.no12], based on the ETH Zurich/Horao GmbH built NOVA system [

Rowe, Anthony; Morrison, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Apparatus for electroplating particles of small dimension  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The thickness, uniformity, and surface smoothness requirements for surface coatings of glass microspheres for use as targets for laser fusion research are critical. Because of thier minute size, the microspheres are difficult to manipulate and control in electroplating systems. The electroplating apparatus of the present invention addresses these problems by providing a cathode cell having a cell chamber, a cathode and an anode electrically isolated from each other and connected to an electrical power source. During the plating process, the cathode is controllably vibrated along with solution pulse to maintain the particles in random free motion so as to attain the desired properties.

Yu, C.M.; Illige, J.D.

1980-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

422

Polygon Subtraction in 2 or 3 Dimensions  

SciTech Connect

When searching for computer code to perform the ubiquitous task of subtracting one polygon from another, it is difficult to find real examples and detailed explanations. This paper outlines the step-by-step process necessary to accomplish this basic task.

Wilson, John E.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Data Transmission in the Fourth Dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alice wants to send an arbitrary binary word to Bob. We show here that there is no problem for her to do that with only two bits. Of course, we consider here information like a signal in 4D.

Serge Burckel

2007-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

424

DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric Medi- cal System, $92,594, "Model Based Image Reconstruction." Bouman, Charles A; electrical- velopment and Testing of Innovative Health Management Tools for Damage Detection, Evaluation, and Repair,JannaL;botany&plantpathology, from Syngenta Crop Protection Inc., $7,000, "Fungicide Screens for EfficacyAgainst the Oak Wilt

Ginzel, Matthew

425

DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Research Abbott, Angela R; consumer & family sciences, from Central Indiana Community Foundation (CICF, computer science, from Dr. William M. Scholl Foundation, $25,000, "Life-Like Computer Animation of American, $16,795, "Integrative Graduate Edu- cation and Research Traineeship (IGERT): the Solar Economy IGERT

Ginzel, Matthew

426

LHC Signals from Warped Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

do mention, in the context of LHC signals, that suppressedSU-4252-838, YITP-SB-06-43 LHC Signals from Warped Extrathe Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in the framework of a warped

Agashe, K.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Coordinate Systems in One and Two Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

joining these two points makes* with a given line,-. A broader definition is given by Fischer** when he defines coordinates as numbers which determine single"" valuedly the position of a geometric element,and which are,vice versa^determined single... valuedly by such positionjWith the furth- VaYieCtiOK er property that the continuousAof the coordinates^or of the pos- ition of the element causes a cprresponding variation in the oth- er.Still more comprehensive definitions are given by a S c o t t ^ w h...

Wood, Frank Edwin

1914-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Value Capture in the Global Wind Energy Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nacelle housing Brake system Yaw bearings All other Suppliern.a. n.a. Brake system n.a. n.a. Yaw bearings Spain n .a.

Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

FedEx Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation: 6-Month...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

each of these systems. These systems and specific components of interest include: * Vehicle Systems o Engine o Hybrid propulsion system o Brakes * Vehicle Components o Brake...

430

Recent Trends in Superstring Phenomenology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review for non-experts possible phenomenological scenari in String Theory. In particular we focus on vacuum configurations with intersecting and/or magnetized unoriented D-branes. We will show how a TeV scale tension may be compatible with the existence of Large Extra Dimensions and how anomalous U(1)'s can give rise to interesting signatures at LHC or in cosmic rays. Finally, we discuss unoriented D-brane instantons as a source of non-perturbative effects that can contribute to moduli stabilization and susy braking in combination with fluxes. We conclude with an outlook and directions for future work.

Massimo Bianchi

2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

431

Performance of Networked Control Systems under Sporadic Feedback  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regenerative Braking power inverter storage Micro-Grid Renewable Generation PHEV Smart Grid - Distributed

Lemmon, Michael

432

Extending a characterization of majorization to infinite dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider recent work linking majorization and trumping, two partial orders that have proven useful with respect to the entanglement transformation problem in quantum information, with general Dirichlet polynomials, Mellin transforms, and completely monotone sequences. We extend a basic majorization result to the more physically realistic infinite-dimensional setting through the use of generalized Dirichlet series and Riemann-Stieltjes integrals.

Rajesh Pereira; Sarah Plosker

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

433

Phase Diagram of Diblock Copolymer Melt in Dimension d=5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the self-consistent field theory (SCFT) in spherical unit cells of various dimensionalities, D, a phase diagram of a diblock, A-b-B, is calculated in 5 dimensional space, d = 5. This is an extension of a previous work for d = 4. The phase diagram is parameterized by the chain composition, f, and incompatibility between A and B , quantified by the product \\c{hi} N. We predict 5 stable nanophases: layers, cylinders, 3 D spherical cells, 4D spherical cells, and 5D spherical cells. In the strong segregation limit, that is for large \\c{hi}N, the order-order transition compositions are determined by the strong segregation theory (SST) in its simplest form. While the predictions of the SST theory are close to the corresponding SCFT extrapolations for d=4, the extrapolations for d=5 significantly differ from them. We find that the S5 nanophase is stable in a narrow strip between the ordered S4 nanophase and the disordered phase. The calculated order-disorder transition lines depend weakly on d, as expected.

Michal Dziecielski; Krzysztof Lewandowski; Michal Banaszak

2014-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

434

Quantum Gravity in Three Dimensions from Higher-Spin Holography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B k are linear combination of weight-one generators (i.e. Ta linear combination of the identity and the u(1) generator.generators. To see this, we note that (7.45) is a linear

Tan, Hai Siong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

A study of the calculus of variations in two dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and only if y satisfies the characteristic equation P ? ~(P , )~0, d y ~ y' Proof. If I is stationary then Il 0. Eut by LEMMA, 1. 2 XI~0 kf and only if the characteri. stic equat1on g(x) 0. If g(x) 0 then Il 0 by LENNY 1. 2. Henoe I is station- 8 ary... the points k and. $. Thus the quantities y ~ W \\ f W f f 811d ~(P f ) oan al l be expressed as d yy' functions of x, and the differential equation ~(Z ) u ~Z ~ 0 (&) can then be solved for u in terms of x. This equation 1s known as Jacobi's equation...

Sims, Stillman Eugene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

436

Molecular dimension explored in evolution to promote proteomic complexity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...obtained by using a learning strategy...based dehydron predictions might actually...for disorder prediction using machine learning techniques and...evolution-related and disease-related) and the...Escherichia coli, the plant Arabidopsis thaliana...

Ariel Fernndez; R. Stephen Berry

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Fermions in d = 1 + 2 dimensions from first principles  

SciTech Connect

In this work we construct states describing planar electrons ('spin' (1/2) particles with well defined parity) in d = 1 + 2 from first principles and show that they satisfy Dirac equation, which turns out to be the covariant form of the eigenvalue equation for spatial inversion (parity) just like in d = 1 + 3.

Carrillo-Ruiz, Ma. Georgina; Napsuciale, Mauro [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad de Guanajuato, Lomas del Basque 103, Fracc. Lomas del Campestre, C.P. 37150, Leon Gto. (Mexico)

2006-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

438

Constrained controlled coverage of surfaces embedded in three dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this thesis, we develop procedures to automate the task of trajectory generation for material deposition applications, such as robotic spray painting. Such applications require that the robot end effector deposits an acceptably uniform layer of material ...

Prasad Narendra Atkar / Howie Choset; Alfred A. Rizzi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

DIMENSIONS OF DISTRIBUTED LEADERSHIP IN THE SME CONTEXT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.cope@strath.ac.uk Ken Parry, Faculty of Business, Technology and Sustainable Development, Bond University, Australia LEADERSHIP IN THE SME CONTEXT The characteristics and determinants of growth in SMEs has been in SMEs. The argument to look towards teams rather then individual heroic entrepreneurial individuals

Mottram, Nigel

440

Female perpetrated intimate aggression: the role of relational dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interdependence and relational engagement, not independence and autonomy as previously believed (Stiver, 1991; Surrey, 1991). This newly recognized centrality of relational connection can be conceptualized through two lenses: female peer relationships... interdependence and relational engagement, not independence and autonomy as previously believed (Stiver, 1991; Surrey, 1991). This newly recognized centrality of relational connection can be conceptualized through two lenses: female peer relationships...

Madkins, Jeanette Patricia

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Neutron-Antineutron Oscillations in a Warped Extra Dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate neutron-antineutron oscillations in the Randall-Sundrum warped extra dimensional scenario. The four dimensional effective strengths of the relevant operators that induce the oscillations are calculated up to an arbitrary coupling along with their corresponding enhancements due to QCD 1-loop running effects. We find that the $\\Delta B = 2$ operators can be geometrically suppressed without fine tuning to within current experimental limits with a warped down four dimensional mass scale which can be as low as a fraction of a TeV.

Peter T. Winslow; John N. Ng

2010-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

442

Holographic Josephson Junction in 3+1 dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In arXiv:1101.3326[hep-th], a (2+1)-dimensional holographic Josephson junction was constructed, and it was shown that the DC Josephson current is proportional to the sine of the phase difference across the junction. In this paper, we extend this study to a holographic description for the (3+1)-dimensional holographic DC Josephson junction. By solving numerically the coupled differential equations, we also obtain the familiar characteristics of Josephson junctions.

Yong-Qiang Wang; Yu-Xiao Liu; Zhen-Hua Zhao

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

443

Holographic Josephson Junction in 3+1 dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In arXiv:1101.3326[hep-th], a (2+1)-dimensional holographic Josephson junction was constructed, and it was shown that the DC Josephson current is proportional to the sine of the phase difference across the junction. In this paper, we extend this study to a holographic description for the (3+1)-dimensional holographic DC Josephson junction. By solving numerically the coupled differential equations, we also obtain the familiar characteristics of Josephson junctions.

Wang, Yong-Qiang; Zhao, Zhen-Hua

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Some optimal designs for sampling in two dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Ztj be random indicator variables with E(W{j) = and E(Z{]) = rjr for = 1, ..., mandj = 1, .... n such that Wti andWHare independent for i 4= kandj.l = 1, ..., n; Ztj and ZH are independent for j + I and i, k = 1, ..., m; and......

D. R. BELLHOUSE

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Dynamically dimensioned search algorithm for computationally efficient watershed model calibration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

search (DDS), is introduced for automatic calibration of watershed simulation models. DDS is designed. Introduction [2] Almost all watershed simulation models contain effective physical and/or conceptual model. This study will focus on the automatic calibration of watershed simulation models. The results of this study

Hutter, Frank

446

New Dimensions in Engineering PuttingBacteriatoWork  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

activities often have an unpleasant side-effect: the production of hydrogen sulfide gas. Besides its, it is unusable. Conventional methods of removing hydrogen sulfide are expensive and energy intensive, using high unpleasant smell, hydrogen sulfide is extremely flammable, corrosive and toxic in large concentrations

Saskatchewan, University of

447

Lattice Boltzmann study of spinodal decomposition in two dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A lattice Boltzmann model using the Shan-Chen prescription for a binary immiscible fluid is described, and the macroscopic equations obeyed by the model are derived. The model is used to quantitatively examine spinodal decomposition of a two-dimensional binary fluid. This model allows examination of the early-time period corresponding to interface formation, and shows agreement with analytical solutions of the linearized Cahn-Hilliard equation, despite the fact that the model contains no explicit free-energy functional. This regime has not, to the knowledge of the authors, been previously observed using any lattice Boltzmann method. In agreement with other models, a scaling law with the exponent 2/3 is observed for late-time domain growth. Breakdown of scaling is also observed for certain sets of simulation parameters.

Jonathan Chin and Peter V. Coveney

2002-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

448

Lattice Boltzmann computational fluid dynamics in three dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recent development of the lattice gas method and its extension to the lattice Boltzmann method have provided new computational schemes for ... In this paper, basic principles of a lattice Boltzmann computatio...

Shiyi Chen; Zheng Wang; Xiaowen Shan; Gary D. Doolen

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Investment Dimension: Enhanced Data Equals Better Climate Models  

SciTech Connect

Through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the U.S. Department of Energy provided the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility with $60 million for new and upgraded instrumentation, equipment, and infrastructure to improve atmospheric data sets. These enhancements will take place among the permanent ARM research sites in Oklahoma and Alaska in the United States, and near the equator in the tropical Western Pacific. They will also advance the capabilities of ARMs mobile and aerial research platforms. This article focuses on key enhancements - particularly new scanning radars, enhanced lidar technologies, aerosol observation systems, and in situ aircraft probes - that will provide unprecedented data sets for the modeling community.

Roeder, Lynne R.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

The Human Dimensions of Biotic Homogenization JULIAN D. OLDEN,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

considerable consequences for conservation-oriented advocacy and ecotourism. We draw strong parallels million jobs, or some 10% of global jobs (WTO 2003). The International Ecotourism Society (TIES 2000 international travel. Although we recognize the po- tential problems associated with ecotourism (e.g., Kiss 2004

Olden, Julian D.

451

Electron correlation calibrated at the large dimension limit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Correlation energies (CEs) for two?electron atom ground states have recently been obtained to good approximation from a simple perturbation treatment using 1/D as the expansion parameter with D the dimensionality of space. In hydrogenic units the CE varies almost linearly with 1/D between limits at D?1 and D?? which are exactly calculable. However for D?? the CE is only about 35% smaller than the true?world value at D=3. This is in striking contrast to the analogous error in the mean field approximation of statistical mechanics which vanishes for sufficiently large D. Here we show that the CE for D?? can be made to vanish by modifying the HartreeFock (HF) variational wave function. A separable form is retained but a factor ?(?) is included with ? the angle between the electronnucleus radii r 1 and r 2. Likewise the error in the HF value for the first derivative of the energy with respect to 1/D can be made to vanish by employing a suitable choice of coordinates in separate factors of the wave function. The choice is determined by the vibrational normal modes of the electrons about the rigid configuration attained in the D?? limit. We estimate that these improvements in the HF wave function at large D will reduce the CE for D=3 by about a factor of 10 or more for any two?electron atom. We also relate our results to those obtained with hyperspherical coordinates and show that the large?D limit accounts for the success enjoyed by the hyperspherical approximation at D=3. These findings offer prospects for reducing CEs for multielectron systems by exploiting dimensional calibration of the HF wave function.

D. Z. Goodson; D. R. Herschbach

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Periodic Boundary Conditions for Dislocation Dynamics Simulations in Three Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the choice of initial configurations compatible with PBC and a consistent treatment of image stress of PBC for large-scale DD simulations in 3D. INTRODUCTION Treatment of boundary conditions or external interface (surface, crack, grain or phase boundary, etc.), it is necessary to account for stress

Cai, Wei

453

HIS TO RICAL AN D HUMAN DIMENSIONS OF NATURE-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

levels that would otherwise be achieved in an unconstrained real estate market (Landis 1992, environmentally sustainable standards. Globally, differences in the application of nature and biodiversity con

Swihart, Robert K. "Rob"

454

Organization Culture Dimensions as Antecedents of Internet Technology Adoption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In recent years, growth of the Internet and the World Wide Web has had an impact on the way local, state, and national governments work. In this research, we examine the factors that influence adoption of Inte...

Subhasish Dasgupta; Babita Gupta

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

DIMENSION VS. GENUS: A SURFACE REALIZATION OF THE ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The underlying novel principle is that we can trade genus in the surface representation ... The method we use for the construction is based on the Arc operad, whose formalism we briefly review. ... We call this data F for short ..... boundary is then determined by the distance (using the partial measure on the foliation) from this...

2009-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

456

Two studies of topological quantum field theory in two dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

F a generator of D b Coh(Sing(Y )). By induction, we haveby induction on dim X + dim Y . Let E be a generator of D b

Lin, Haijian Kevin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Moving Canadian Oil to Markets: The Economic Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

&D Natural Resources International Investment Human Capital GHG Cost Total Wealth (net of GHG costs Human Capital GHG Cost Total Wealth (net of GHG costs) 000'sof2002$ Per Capita Alberta Wealth in 2002

Calgary, University of

458

Kinetic model for a polymer in one dimension  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider a model for a directed polymer on a one-dimensional lattice of width 2, with attractive interactions between monomers that occupy first-neighbor sites on the lattice and are not consecutive along the chain. We show that this model is equivalent to the one-dimensional Ising model with first- and second-neighbor interactions. We study the kinetic behavior of the model in the region of the phase diagram where the ground state is not frustrated, using a Glauber ansatz for the time evolution of the configurations. In order to decouple the dynamical equations, we use the pair approximation. In this approximation, we show that the dynamical exponent of the model is a function of the ratio between second- and first-neighbor interaction strengths. (c) 1995 The American Physical Society

Jos Arthur Martins and Jrgen F. Stilck

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Dimension effects of enclosures on ecological processes in pelagic ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract. Several characteristics inherent to experimental ecosystems were examined for ... of the mesocosms influenced the rate of energy gain and dissipation and water ... 2 Present address: National Center for Ocean Research, P.O. Box.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Dimensions and approaches for Third World city water security  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...represents a new phase of giant water regulation projects on...production of hydroelectric power had been decided earlier...Gorges project. Urban water demand in China is projected...outside the house, from the car, etc. Pollution of water is naturally growing because...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

On Blocking and Anti-Blocking Polyhedra in Infinite Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

settings and have been applied to several fundamental problems in graph theory and discrete optimization ... tors or running averages to force the objective function to be finite-valued. To ..... Handbook of the geometry of Banach spaces. Vol.

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

Gravity duals of fractional branes in various dimensions  

SciTech Connect

We derive type II supergravity solutions corresponding to space-filling regular and fractional D branes on (9{minus}p)-dimensional conical transverse spaces. Fractional Dp-branes are wrapped D(p+2)-branes; therefore, our solutions exist only if the base of the cone has a non-vanishing Betti number b{sub 2}. We also consider 11-dimensional SUGRA solutions corresponding to regular and fractional M2 branes on 8-dimensional cones whose base has a non-vanishing b{sub 3}. In this case a fractional M2-brane is an M5-brane wrapped over a 3-cycle. We discuss the gauge theory intepretation of these solutions, as well as of the solutions constructed by Cvetic and co-workers.

Herzog, Christopher P.; Klebanov, Igor R.

2001-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

463

Research Summary Human dimensions of adaptive forest management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for implementation are social, particularly communication and decision-making among diverse stakeholders, and change with uncertainty and complexity in natural systems, particularly in relation to climate change. It is essentially to dealing effectively with uncertainty, risk, and change. (Bell et al. 2008) TedWilson #12;Research Summary

464

K-theoretic rigidity and slow dimension growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 28, 2009 ... The countably generated Hilbert modules over A are classified up to iso- .... easy to check that the homotopy h(t) = a +tp satisfies (i)(iii) in the...

2011-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

465

Socially intelligent robots: dimensions of humanrobot interaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...with the (social) environment. Human-centred...of decomposition of responsibilities for aspects of HRI...inhabit our living environments. Defining socially...computer scientists, engineers, psychologists and...human-inhabited (social) environment, it also raises many...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

The quadratic symmetric teleparallel gravity in two dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 2D symmetric teleparallel gravity model is given by a generic 4-parameter action that is quadratic in the non-metricity tensor. Variational field equations are derived. A class of conformally flat solutions are found. We also give static or cosmological solutions that need not be in this class.

M. Adak; T. Dereli

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Multiple dimensions of resource limitation in tropical forests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...far more difficult. Yet, those models are essential. Recent attempts to incorporate nutrient limitation into Earth system models of the coupled carbon and climate system (e.g., ref. 17) have revealed two things. First, representation...

Alan R. Townsend; Gregory P. Asner

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

The governance dimensions of water security: a review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...population-[65]. For example, Egypt has recently declared the Nile...challenges. For example, energy-water security trade-offs...referred to as the water-food-energy )-[101] are recognized...1986 Adaptive management of renewable resources. New York, NY...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

The governance dimensions of water security: a review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...three-dimensional review. Prog. Hum. Geogr. 34, 646-653. ( doi:10.1177/0309132509354836 ) 85 Sabatier, P , W Focht, M Lubell, Z Trachtenberg, A Vedlitz, and M Matlock. 2005 Swimming upstream: collaborative approaches to watershed management. Cambridge...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Casimir piston for massless scalar fields in three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the Casimir piston for massless scalar fields obeying Dirichlet boundary conditions in a three dimensional cavity with sides of arbitrary lengths $a,b$ and $c$ where $a$ is the plate separation. We obtain an exact expression for the Casimir force on the piston valid for any values of the three lengths. As in the electromagnetic case with perfect conductor conditions, we find that the Casimir force is negative (attractive) regardless of the values of $a$, $b$ and $c$. Though cases exist where the interior contributes a positive (repulsive) Casimir force, the total Casimir force on the piston is negative when the exterior contribution is included. We also obtain an alternative expression for the Casimir force that is useful computationally when the plate separation $a$ is large.

Ariel Edery

2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

471

Dimensions of Bivariate Spline Spaces and Algebraic Geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

geometry. This dissertation follows the works of Lau and Stiller. They introduced the conformality conditions which lead to the machinery of sheaves and cohomology which provided a powerful type of generalization of linear algebra. First, we try to analyze...

Ko, Youngdeug

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

472

Multivariate optimization of production systems: The time dimension  

SciTech Connect

Traditional analysis of oil and gas production systems treats individual nodes one at a time. This only calculates a feasible solution which is not necessarily optimal. Multivariate optimization is able to determine the most profitable configuration, including all variables simultaneously. The optimization can also find the optimal recovery over a period of time, rather than just at a single instant as in traditional methods. This report describes the development of multivariate optimization for situations in which the decision variables may change as a function of time. For example, instead of estimating a tubing size which is optimal over the life of the project, this approach determines a series of optimal tubing sizes which may change from year to year. Examples show that under an optimal strategy, tubing size can be changed only infrequently while still increasing profitability of a project. The methods used in this work considered the special requirements of objectives which are not smooth functions of their decision variables. The physical problems considered included artificial lift production systems.

Ravindran, N.; Horne, R.N.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Economical realization of phase covariant devices in arbitrary dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a unified framework of phase covariant multi user quantum transformations for d-dimensional quantum systems. We derive the optimal phase covariant cloning and transposition tranformations for multi phase states. We show that for some particular relations between the input and output number of copies they correspond to economical tranformations, which can be achieved without the need of auxiliary systems. We prove a relation between the optimal phase covariant cloning and transposition maps, and optimal estimation of multiple phases for equatorial states.

Francesco Buscemi; Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano; Chiara Macchiavello

2006-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

474

Modeling and Predicting Pointing Errors in Two Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to complement Fitts' law's predictive model of pointing speed. However, their model was based on one-dimensional time, error prediction, error rates. ACM Classification Keywords: H.5.2 [Information interfaces and presentation]: User interfaces ­ theory and methods; H.1.2 [Models and principles]: User/machine systems

Anderson, Richard

475

Heat Trace and Functional Determinant in One Dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the spectral properties of the Laplace type operator on the circle. We discuss various approximations for the heat trace, the zeta function and the zeta-regularized determinant. We obtain a differential equation for the heat kernel diagonal and a recursive system for the diagonal heat kernel coefficients, which enables us to find closed approximate formulas for the heat trace and the functional determinant which become exact in the limit of infinite radius. The relation to the generalized KdV hierarchy is discussed as well.

Ivan G Avramidi

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

476

REDUCTION TO DIMENSION THREE OF LOCAL SPECTRA OF ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research was partially supported by NSF grant DMS-9303361 ... in the program, formulated by Elliott, and whose ambitious goal is a classification ... nuclear C*-algebras of real rank zero display rigidity properties that give hopes for.

2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

477

Supersymmetric Curvature Squared Invariants in Five and Six Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cancellation mechanism, the 10 dimensional supergavity Lagrangian [7] was modi ed by adding (1.1) to the de nition of the eld strength of the two form B H^ = dB + tr(A ^ F 1 3 A ^ A ^ A) tr(d! ^ ! 1 3 ! ^ ! ^ !) (1.2) As this modi cation...(k)g = 2r( k )(x) = e 2!(x)g (x); (2.2) where we have de ned the covariant derivative with respect to Levi-Civita connec- tion. If we are to restrict ourselves a D-dimensional at geometry, the conformal Killing equation (2.2) implies @( k )(x) 1 D...

Ozkan, Mehmet

2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

478

Doppler effect of subluminal and superluminal sources in eight dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study of the relativistic Doppler effect of subluminal and superluminal sources has been ... space. It has been shown that correct Doppler shifts are obtained in the external spaces ... of these sources and t...

H. C. Chandola; B. S. Rajptut

1984-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

479

Intellectual Property as the Third Dimension of GMO Regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past, opposition to GMOs and GM crops has tended to focus on alleged dangers to human health and environmental safety. The United States, Canada, and Europe have all established regulatory frameworks whose stated aims are to ensure that GMOs...

Torrance, Andrew W.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Vibration-Rotation Bands of Acetylene and the Molecular Dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

4 December 1956 research-article Vibration-Rotation Bands of Acetylene and the...constants in the isotopic acetylenes, some vibration-rotation bands of acetylene have been...The values for each of the molecular vibrations have been re-determined, taking into...

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "brakes dimensions wheelbase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Dimensions of symmetry in syntax : agreement and clausal architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) are, then, determined at phase levels by late insertion of categorial features. One crucial aspect of the proposed theory of structural symmetry involves interweaving effects, which emerge as categorial determination ...

Hiraiwa, Ken, 1974-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Energy of Formation of Step Junctions at Nano Dimensions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Planar transistors have been the important building block of integrated circuits for decades, during which the size of transistors has steadily decreased. We will (more)

Kawatkar, Prasanna Ulhas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

A Routing and Network Dimensioning Strategy to reduce ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fibers and WDM systems must be considered in the wavelength assignment ... on the real contribution, we neither consider node costs nor protection in this ..... The test scenarios comprise a German, European, and US network defined in [1].

2007-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

484

Non-Custodial Warped Extra Dimensions at the LHC?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the prospect of improved Higgs measurements at the LHC and at proposed future colliders such as ILC, CLIC and TLEP we study the non-custodial Randall-Sundrum model with bulk SM fields and compare brane and bulk Higgs scenarios. The latter bear resemblance to the well studied type III two-Higgs-doublet models. We compute the electroweak precision observables and argue that incalculable contributions to these, in the form of higher dimensional operators, could have an impact on the T-parameter. This could potentially reduce the bound on the lowest Kaluza-Klein gauge boson masses to the 5 TeV range, making them detectable at the LHC. In a second part, we compute the misalignment between fermion masses and Yukawa couplings caused by vector-like Kaluza-Klein fermions in this setup. The misalignment of the top Yukawa can easily reach 10%, making it observable at the high-luminosity LHC. Corrections to the bottom and tau Yukawa couplings can be at the percent level and detectable at ILC, CLIC or TLEP.

Barry M. Dillon; Stephan J. Huber

2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

485

Temperature-dependent solvation modulates the dimensions of disordered proteins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...14614 . 9 Tran HT Mao A Pappu RV ( 2008 ) Role of backbone-solvent...Jayaraman M Frieden C Wetzel R Pappu RV ( 2006 ) Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy...CAMPARI code, and Rohit Pappu and Andreas Vitalis for...National Institutes of Health (R.B.B.), and National...

Ren Wuttke; Hagen Hofmann; Daniel Nettels; Madeleine B. Borgia; Jeetain Mittal; Robert B. Best; Benjamin Schuler

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Charge interactions can dominate the dimensions of intrinsically disordered proteins  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Hubner CG Ulbrich-Hofmann R ( 2008 ) Coulomb forces control...SL Vitalis A Chicoine CL Pappu RV ( 2010 ) Net charge per residue...Jayaraman M Frieden C Wetzel R Pappu RV ( 2006 ) Fluorescence correlation...62 Mukhopadhyay S Krishnan R Lemke EA Lindquist S Deniz AA ( 2007...

Sonja Mller-Spth; Andrea Soranno; Verena Hirschfeld; Hagen Hofmann; Stefan Regger; Luc Reymond; Daniel Nettels; Benjamin Schuler

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

THREE-DIMENSION VISUALIZATION FOR PRIMARY WHEAT DISEASES BASED ON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cultivation simulation-optimization-decision making system (Gao Liangzhi et al., 1992). Displaying crop growthZhu Yeping Agricultural Information Institution, CAAS, Beijing, P. R. China 100086 Abstract: Crop simulation management. Displaying crop growth process makes user observe the crop growth and development

Boyer, Edmond

488

Data Collection for Improved Cold Temperature Thermal Modeling  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

funding: 250k 2 Overview 3. Exh. waste heat 1. Heat transfer 2. Brake power * 1) 33% (loss, heat transfer) * 2) 33% (brake power) * 3) 33% (loss, exhaust waste) Energy in 3...

489

Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Substantial increases in brake power and considerably lower peak pressure can result from oxygen-enriched diesel combustion

490

MUSIC VENUES IN EXETERMUSIC VENUES IN EXETER EXETER'S MUSIC SCENEEXETER'S MUSIC SCENE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Damned o Turin Brakes o Youngblood Brass Band #12;AROUND EXETERAROUND EXETER Cavern Club Live Music Venue

Mumby, Peter J.

491

Heavy-duty H2-Diesel Dual Fuel Engines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Brake thermal efficiency can be improved with the addition of a large amount of hydrogen at medium to high loads

492

www.ave.kth.se Rail Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

brake systems and materials b. Wear calculation methodologies 2. Block-wheel contact mechanics study a and worn out profiles 3. Application to wheel wear calculation a. Isolated wheel and block b. Coupling: Modelling wheel wear caused by block brakes Background Most freight trains use block brakes, where

Haviland, David

493

Word Pro - S1.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 8 Motor Vehicle Fuel Economy, 1949-2011 (Miles per Gallon) U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 17 Table 1.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy Light-Duty Vehicles, Short Wheelbase a Light-Duty Vehicles, Long Wheelbase b Heavy-Duty Trucks c All Motor Vehicles d Mileage Fuel Consumption Fuel Economy Mileage Fuel Consumption Fuel Economy Mileage Fuel Consumption Fuel Economy Mileage Fuel Consumption Fuel Economy Miles per Vehicle Gallons per Vehicle Miles per Gallon Miles per Vehicle Gallons per Vehicle Miles per Gallon Miles per Vehicle Gallons per Vehicle Miles per Gallon Miles per Vehicle Gallons per Vehicle Miles per Gallon 1950 .......... 9,060 603 15.0 e ( ) e ( ) e ( ) 10,316 1,229 8.4 9,321 725 12.8 1955 .......... 9,447 645 14.6 e ( ) e ( ) e ( ) 10,576 1,293 8.2 9,661

494

Word Pro - Untitled1  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Table 2.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy, Selected Years, 1949-2010 Year Light-Duty Vehicles, Short Wheelbase 1 Light-Duty Vehicles, Long Wheelbase 2 Heavy-Duty Trucks 3 All Motor Vehicles 4 Mileage Fuel Consumption Fuel Economy Mileage Fuel Consumption Fuel Economy Mileage Fuel Consumption Fuel Economy Mileage Fuel Consumption Fuel Economy Miles per Vehicle Gallons per Vehicle Miles per Gallon Miles per Vehicle Gallons per Vehicle Miles per Gallon Miles per vehicle Gallons per vehicle Miles per Gallon Miles per Vehicle Gallons per Vehicle Miles per Gallon 1949 9,388 627 15.0 5 ( ) 5 ( ) 5 ( ) 9,712 1,080 9.0 9,498 726 13.1 1950 9,060 603 15.0 5 ( ) 5 ( ) 5 ( ) 10,316 1,229 8.4 9,321 725 12.8 1955 9,447 645 14.6 5 ( ) 5 ( ) 5 ( ) 10,576 1,293 8.2 9,661 761 12.7 1960 9,518 668 14.3 5 ( ) 5 ( ) 5 ( ) 10,693 1,333 8.0 9,732 784 12.4 1965 9,603

495

CMVRTC: Overweight Vehicle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heavy and overweight vehicle brake testing for combination five-axle Heavy and overweight vehicle brake testing for combination five-axle tractor-flatbed scale The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, in coordination with the Federal Highway Administration, sponsored the Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT) program in order to provide information about the effect of gross vehicle weight (GVW) on braking performance. Because the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations limit the number of braking system defects that may exist for a vehicle to be allowed to operate on the roadways, the examination of the effect of brake defects on brake performance for increased loads is also relevant. The HOVBT program seeks to provide relevant information to policy makers responsible for establishing load limits, beginning with providing test data for a

496

CMVRTC: Past Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Past reseach projects Past reseach projects ABS Indication Lamp Study -- More to come... Brake Wear and Performance Test (BWPT) -- Performance-Based Brake Testers (PBBTs) are devices that can be used to evaluate the current braking capabilities of a vehicle through the measurement of brake forces developed as a vehicle engages in a braking event while on a PBBT machine. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMSCA) passed legislation on February 5, 2003, allowing a PBBT that meets the FMCSA functional specifications to be used as an enforcement tool. (Read more ...) Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT): Five-Axle Combination Tractor-Flatbed -- The HOVBT program was designed to provide information about the effect of gross vehicle weight (GVW) on braking performance. Because the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) limit the number of braking system defects that may exist for a vehicle to be allowed to operate on the roadways, the examination of the effect of brake defects on brake performance for increased loads is also relevant. The HOVBT program seeks to provide relevant information to policy makers responsible for establishing load limits, beginning with providing test data for a combination tractor/trailer. (Read more ... )

497

Public views on multiple dimensions of security : nuclear waepons, terrorism, energy, and the environment : 2007.  

SciTech Connect

We analyze and compare findings from identical national surveys of the US general public on nuclear security and terrorism administered by telephone and Internet in mid-2007. Key areas of investigation include assessments of threats to US security; valuations of US nuclear weapons and nuclear deterrence; perspectives on nuclear proliferation, including the specific cases of North Korea and Iran; and support for investments in nuclear weapons capabilities. Our analysis of public views on terrorism include assessments of the current threat, progress in the struggle against terrorism, preferences for responding to terrorist attacks at different levels of assumed casualties, and support for domestic policies intended to reduce the threat of terrorism. Also we report findings from an Internet survey conducted in mid 2007 that investigates public views of US energy security, to include: energy supplies and reliability; energy vulnerabilities and threats, and relationships among security, costs, energy dependence, alternative sources, and research and investment priorities. We analyze public assessments of nuclear energy risks and benefits, nuclear materials management issues, and preferences for the future of nuclear energy in the US. Additionally, we investigate environmental issues as they relate to energy security, to include expected implications of global climate change, and relationships among environmental issues and potential policy options.

Herron, Kerry Gale (University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK); Jenkins-Smith, Hank C. (University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Crystal size and shape analysis of Pt nanoparticles in two and three dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

different intensities as a result of diffraction contrast, while the carbon support has a thickness between particles when they are imaged in projection. High-angle annular dark-field (HAADF) electron on graphitic carbon, with an average size of 5 nm. Institute of Physics Publishing Journal of Physics

Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

499

Optical implementation of Deutsch-Jozsa and Bernstein-Vazirani quantum algorithms in eight dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a fiber-optics implementation of the Deutsch-Jozsa and Bernstein-Vazirani quantum algorithms for 8-point functions. The measured visibility of the 8-path interferometer is about 97.5%. Potential applications of our setup to quantum communication or cryptographic protocols using several qubits are discussed.

E. Brainis; L. -P. Lamoureux; N. J. Cerf; Ph. Emplit; M. Haelterman; S. Massar

2002-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

500

Transport near the Ising-nematic quantum critical point of metals in two dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider two-dimensional metals near a Pomeranchuk instability which breaks 90$^\\circ$ lattice rotation symmetry. Such metals realize strongly-coupled non-Fermi liquids with critical fluctuations of an Ising-nematic order. At low temperatures, impurity scattering provides the dominant source of momentum relaxation, and hence a non-zero electrical resistivity. We use the memory matrix method to compute the resistivity of this non-Fermi liquid to second order in the impurity potential, without assuming the existence of quasiparticles. Impurity scattering in the $d$-wave channel acts as a random "field'' on the Ising-nematic order. We find contributions to the resistivity with a nearly linear temperature dependence, along with more singular terms; the most singular is the random-field contribution which diverges in the limit of zero temperature.

Hartnoll, Sean A; Punk, Matthias; Sachdev, Subir

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z