Lujan, Richard E. (Santa Fe, NM)
2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A mechanical gravity brake that prevents hoisted loads within a shaft from free-falling when a loss of hoisting force occurs. A loss of hoist lifting force may occur in a number of situations, for example if a hoist cable were to break, the brakes were to fail on a winch, or the hoist mechanism itself were to fail. Under normal hoisting conditions, the gravity brake of the invention is subject to an upward lifting force from the hoist and a downward pulling force from a suspended load. If the lifting force should suddenly cease, the loss of differential forces on the gravity brake in free-fall is translated to extend a set of brakes against the walls of the shaft to stop the free fall descent of the gravity brake and attached load.
Norgren, D.U.
1982-09-23T23:59:59.000Z
A balanced braking system comprising a plurality of braking assemblies located about a member to be braked. Each of the braking assemblies consists of a spring biased piston of a first material fitted into a body of a different material which has a greater contraction upon cooling than the piston material. The piston is provided with a recessed head portion over which is positioned a diaphragm and forming a space therebetween to which is connected a pressurized fluid supply. The diaphragm is controlled by the fluid in the space to contact or withdraw from the member to be braked. A cooling means causes the body within which the piston is fitted to contract more than the piston, producing a tight shrink fit therebetween. The braking system is particularly applicable for selectively braking an arbor of an electron microscope which immobilizes, for example, a vertically adjustable low temperature specimen holder during observation. The system provides balanced braking forces which can be easily removed and re-established with minimal disturbance to arbor location.
Stevens, Samuel S. (Harriman, TN); Hodgson, Jeffrey W. (Lenoir City, TN)
2002-11-19T23:59:59.000Z
This invention relates to a force measuring system capable of measuring forces associated with vehicle braking and of evaluating braking performance. The disclosure concerns an invention which comprises a first row of linearly aligned plates, a force bearing surface extending beneath and beside the plates, vertically oriented links and horizontally oriented links connecting each plate to a force bearing surface, a force measuring device in each link, a transducer coupled to each force measuring device, and a computing device coupled to receive an output signal from the transducer indicative of measured force in each force measuring device. The present invention may be used for testing vehicle brake systems.
Combined hydraulic and regenerative braking system
Venkataperumal, Rama R. (Troy, MI); Mericle, Gerald E. (Mount Clemens, MI)
1981-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
A combined hydraulic and regenerative braking system and method for an electric vehicle, with the braking system being responsive to the applied hydraulic pressure in a brake line to control the braking of the vehicle to be completely hydraulic up to a first level of brake line pressure, to be partially hydraulic at a constant braking force and partially regenerative at a linearly increasing braking force from the first level of applied brake line pressure to a higher second level of brake line pressure, to be partially hydraulic at a linearly increasing braking force and partially regenerative at a linearly decreasing braking force from the second level of applied line pressure to a third and higher level of applied line pressure, and to be completely hydraulic at a linearly increasing braking force from the third level to all higher applied levels of line pressure.
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterEnergyAuthorization for(EV) Road User AssessmentNREL is aBraking
Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI)
1982-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
Disclosed are several embodiments of a regenerative braking device for an automotive vehicle. The device includes a plurality of rubber rollers (24, 26) mounted for rotation between an input shaft (14) connectable to the vehicle drivetrain and an output shaft (16) which is drivingly connected to the input shaft by a variable ratio transmission (20). When the transmission ratio is such that the input shaft rotates faster than the output shaft, the rubber rollers are torsionally stressed to accumulate energy, thereby slowing the vehicle. When the transmission ratio is such that the output shaft rotates faster than the input shaft, the rubber rollers are torsionally relaxed to deliver accumulated energy, thereby accelerating or driving the vehicle.
Speciation of Sb in airborne particulate matter, vehicle brake linings, and brake pad wear residues
Short, Daniel
Speciation of Sb in airborne particulate matter, vehicle brake linings, and brake pad wear residues: XAS XANES EXAFS Antimony Particulate matter Brake linings a b s t r a c t Insights into the speciation of Sb in samples of brake linings, brake pad wear residues, road dust, and atmospheric particulate
Variable ratio regenerative braking device
Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI)
1981-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
Disclosed is a regenerative braking device (10) for an automotive vehicle. The device includes an energy storage assembly (12) having a plurality of rubber rollers (26, 28) mounted for rotation between an input shaft (36) and an output shaft (42), clutches (38, 46) and brakes (40, 48) associated with each shaft, and a continuously variable transmission (22) connectable to a vehicle drivetrain and to the input and output shafts by the respective clutches. The rubber rollers are torsionally stressed to accumulate energy from the vehicle when the input shaft is clutched to the transmission while the brake on the output shaft is applied, and are torsionally relaxed to deliver energy to the vehicle when the output shaft is clutched to the transmission while the brake on the input shaft is applied. The transmission ratio is varied to control the rate of energy accumulation and delivery for a given rotational speed of the vehicle drivetrain.
Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools
Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology to deceleration in g's Â Passing score: BE43.5 Â· Enforcement tool for only 3 years. Â· Based solely on brake Brake Research Â· CMVRTC research built on these enforcement tools Â Correlation Study Â Level-1 / PBBT
Brake blending strategy for a hybrid vehicle
Boberg, Evan S. (Hazel Park, MI)
2000-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
A hybrid electric powertrain system is provided including a transmission for driving a pair of wheels of a vehicle and a heat engine and an electric motor/generator coupled to the transmission. A friction brake system is provided for applying a braking torque to said vehicle. A controller unit generates control signals to the electric motor/generator and the friction brake system for controllably braking the vehicle in response to a drivers brake command. The controller unit determines and amount of regenerative torque available and compares this value to a determined amount of brake torque requested for determining the control signals to the electric motor/generator and the friction brake system.
Disturbance Control of the Hydraulic Brake in a Wind Turbine
Yang, Zhenyu
Disturbance Control of the Hydraulic Brake in a Wind Turbine Frank Jepsen, Anders SÃ¸borg brake in a wind turbine. Brake torque is determined by friction coefficient and clamp force; the latter brake is one1 of the two independent brake systems in a wind turbine. As a consequence of the gearing
TMV Technology Capabilities Brake Stroke Monitor
TMV Technology Capabilities Brake Stroke Monitor Brake monitoring systems are proactive maintenance This technology allows for CMV operators to have knowledge of their steer, drive, and tandem axle group weights setup is required. Current Safety/Enforcement Technologies EOBR (electronic on-board recorder) On
Contactless magnetic brake for automotive applications
Gay, Sebastien Emmanuel
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
consumption due to power assistance, and requirement for anti-lock controls. To solve these problems, a contactless magnetic brake has been developed. This concept includes a novel flux-shunting structure to control the excitation flux generated by permanent...
Brake Defect Causation and Abatement Study (BDCAS)
Brake Defect Causation and Abatement Study (BDCAS) Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT corrective actions and validate true abatement of initial out-of- service causation the FMCSA began the BDCAS
Adaptive controller for regenerative and friction braking system
Davis, R.I.
1990-10-16T23:59:59.000Z
A regenerative and friction braking system for a vehicle having one or more road wheels driven by an electric traction motor includes a driver responsive device for producing a brake demand signal having a magnitude corresponding to the level of braking force selected by the driver and friction and regenerative brakes operatively connected with the road wheels of the vehicle. A system according to this invention further includes control means for operating the friction and regenerative braking subsystems so that maximum brake torques sustainable by the road wheels of the vehicle without skidding or slipping will not be exceeded. 8 figs.
Adaptive controller for regenerative and friction braking system
Davis, Roy I. (Ypsilanti, MI)
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A regenerative and friction braking system for a vehicle having one or more roadwheels driven by an electric traction motor includes a driver responsive device for producing a brake demand signal having a magnitude corresponding to the level of braking force selected by the driver and friction and regenerative brakes operatively connected with the roadwheels of the vehicle. A system according to this invention further includes control means for operating the friction and regenerative braking subsystems so that maximum brake torques sustainable by the roadwheels of the vehicle without skidding or slipping will not be exceeded.
Electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system
Cikanek, Susan R. (Wixom, MI)
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An antiskid braking and traction control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes one or more sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensors and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydrualic braking control, or requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs a control strategy based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control the operation of the electric traction motor and to a brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative antiskid braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control.
Electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system
Cikanek, S.R.
1995-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
An antiskid braking and traction control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes one or more sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensors and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, or requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs a control strategy based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control the operation of the electric traction motor and to a brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative antiskid braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control. 10 figs.
Thermal cracking in disc brakes Thomas J. Mackin *,1
Salvaggio, Carl
Thermal cracking in disc brakes Thomas J. Mackin *,1 , Steven C. Noe, K.J. Ball, B.C. Bedell, D, or hub, which is connected to the wheel and axle, and an inboard and outboard braking surface
Why Brake-By-Wire (BBW) ? Advantages of BBW
Yao, Bin
Conventional Brake System http://www.conti-online.com #12;BBW Survey [ SKF (Motor + PGT +Ball Screw)] [ DELPHI (Motor + PGT +Ball Screw)] [Continental Teves (Motor + PGT + Roller Screw)] [Continental Teves installed at wheel] #12;Sectional Drawing of the Electromechanically Actuated Disk Brake From ITT Brake Pads Caliper
Nonlinear analysis of time series of vibration data from a friction brake: SSA, PCA, and MFDFA
Nikolay K. Vitanov; Norbert P. Hoffmann; Boris Wernitz
2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
We use the methodology of singular spectrum analysis (SSA), principal component analysis (PCA), and multi-fractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MFDFA), for investigating characteristics of vibration time series data from a friction brake. SSA and PCA are used to study the long time-scale characteristics of the time series. MFDFA is applied for investigating all time scales up to the smallest recorded one. It turns out that the majority of the long time-scale dynamics, that is presumably dominated by the structural dynamics of the brake system, is dominated by very few active dimensions only and can well be understood in terms of low dimensional chaotic attractors. The multi-fractal analysis shows that the fast dynamical processes originating in the friction interface are in turn truly multi-scale in nature.
The effect of friction on drum brakes
Huang, Y.M.; Shyr, J.S. [National Taiwan Univ. (China)
1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
The boundary element method (BEM) has been developed for a long period of time. Cruse and Wilson developed an isoparametric quadratic element. Rizzo, Cruse, Rizzo and Shippy, and Swedlow and cruse applied the method to various problems. It shows that the BEM can provide a very good analytical result in the linear problem and it can reduce time in preparation of numerical data. Watson and Newcomb pointed out that the pressure distribution on the contact surface of the brake drum and the lining plate do not vary significantly along the axis. The deflection can be reduced by an appropriate design of the web; therefore, two dimensional analysis with the BEM is used in this analysis. Based on the authors` knowledge, this is the first paper to analyze the drum brake by using the BEM. The assumptions are the brake drum to be a rigid body, perfect interface contact between the drum and the shoe, the constant friction coefficient of the friction material and the thermal effect to be neglected. The two dimensional equations are derived based on the Somigliana`s identity. Since there is no shape function and no need of the Jacobin for the coordinate transform, to integrate numerically is easier and to write a computer code is simpler for the constant value element than the second order element. The linear element is inappropriate to treat the comer problem. Using the linear elements or second order elements creates discontinuous phenomena along the irregular boundary. The common nodal point has different normal vector and boundary conditions. It is necessary to have an extra equation to provide a unique solution for the final linear equation. Using the constant value element can get rid of this problem. The effect of the friction on the pressure distribution at the friction interface is studied. The calculated results of the pressure distribution are compared with the available data. The mathematical model can be used as a design tool to predict the performance of drum brakes.
Airborne wear particles railway research group FEM Simulation of train disc brake behavior
Haviland, David
1 Airborne wear particles railway research group FEM Simulation of train disc brake behavior a modern train disc brake with brake caliper and high speed pads. During braking, a considerable amount. A model of train brake caliper Aim The overall aim of the MSc degree project is to develop a thermoelastic
E-Print Network 3.0 - antiskid braking system Sample Search Results
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
and Idar Petersen2 Summary: -lock brake systems ABS control the brake torque of each wheel to prevent it from getting locked... in the process of braking. This is important to...
Pulsar Braking Index and Mass Accretion
P. D. Morley
1993-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
I show that the braking index, $N$, a fundamental pulsar experimental quantity, naturally differs from the canonical value of 3 by terms which involve mass accretion. Using the measured values of $N$ for PSR1509-58 and PSR0531+21, I determine that for constant density neutron stars their present mass accretion rates are $(3.10\\pm.51)\\times10^{-5}$ M year$^{-1}$ and $(9.946\\pm.089)\\times10^{-5}$ M year$^{-1}$ respectively, where M is the mass of each pulsar. Finally, I demonstrate that mass accretion removes the outstanding problem of the origin of the big glitches of the Vela Pulsar.
Do Si stars undergo any magnetic braking?
P. North
1998-02-23T23:59:59.000Z
The old question of rotational braking of Ap Si stars is revisited on the empirical side, taking advantage of the recent Hipparcos results. Field stars with various evolutionary states are considered, and it is shown that the loose correlation between their rotational period and their surface gravity is entirely compatible with conservation of angular momentum. No evidence is found for any loss of angular momentum on the Main Sequence, which confirms earlier results based on less reliable estimates of surface gravity. The importance of reliable, fundamental Teff determinations of Bp and Ap stars is emphasized.
E-Print Network 3.0 - antilock brake systems Sample Search Results
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
such as trucks, tractor... -trailers and buses. In these brake systems, compressed air is used as the energy transmitting medium to actuate... the foundation brakes mounted...
E-Print Network 3.0 - anti-lock braking system Sample Search...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
such as trucks, tractor... -trailers and buses. In these brake systems, compressed air is used as the energy transmitting medium to actuate... the foundation brakes mounted...
A diagnostic system for air brakes in commercial vehicles
Coimbatore Subramanian, Shankar Ram
2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
to maintenance and hence they require frequent inspections. Current inspection techniques require an inspector to go underneath a vehicle to check the brake system for possible faults, such as leaks, worn brake pads, out-of-adjustment of push rods, etc...
Development of Diagnostic Algorithms for Air Brakes in Trucks
Dhar, Sandeep
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
causes a reduction in the steady-state pressure in the brake chamber and an increase in the lag of the braking pressure response thereby increasing the stopping distance of the vehicle. Currently a presence of leak in the system is detected...
A pressure control scheme for air brakes in commercial vehicles
Bowlin, Christopher Leland
2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z
This research is focused on developing a control scheme for regulating the pressure in the brake chamber of an air brake system found in most commercial vehicles like trucks, tractor-trailers and buses. Such a control scheme can be used...
Braking system for use with an arbor of a microscope
Norgren, Duane U. (Orinda, CA)
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A balanced braking system comprising a plurality of braking assemblies located about a member to be braked. Each of the braking assemblies consists of a spring biased piston of a first material fitted into a body of a different material which has a greater contraction upon cooling than the piston material. The piston is provided with a recessed head portion over which is positioned a diaphragm and forming a space therebetween to which is connected a pressurized fluid supply. The diaphragm is controlled by the fluid in the space to contact or withdraw from the member to be braked. A cooling device causes the body within which the piston is fitted to contract more than the piston, producing a tight shrink fit therebetween. The braking system is particularly applicable for selectively braking an arbor of an electron microscope which immobilizes, for example, a vertically adjustable low temperature specimen holder during observation. The system provides balanced braking forces which can be easily removed and re-established with minimal disturbance to arbor location.
Regenerative braking on bicycles to power LED safety flashers
Collier, Ian M
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This work develops a method for capturing some of the kinetic energy ordinarily lost during braking on bicycles to power LED safety flashers. The system is designed to eliminate: (a) battery changing in popular LED flashers, ...
Asbestos-free brake-lining materials for hydrogenerators
Lalonde, S.; Lanteigne, J. [Hydro-Quebec, Varennes, Quebec (Canada)
1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Three different asbestos-free materials currently considered as new lining materials for hydrogenerator brakes were tested and compared to the original asbestos lining. Results show that these substitutes not only vary greatly from the original material in terms of mechanical properties and physical characteristics but also exhibit significantly different performances in braking tests. Consequently, these new materials are not entirely suitable for the intended application.
Investigation of aerodynamic braking devices for wind turbine applications
Griffin, D.A. [R. Lynette & Associates, Seattle, WA (United States)
1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report documents the selection and preliminary design of a new aerodynamic braking system for use on the stall-regulated AWT-26/27 wind turbines. The goal was to identify and design a configuration that offered improvements over the existing tip brake used by Advanced Wind Turbines, Inc. (AWT). Although the design objectives and approach of this report are specific to aerodynamic braking of AWT-26/27 turbines, many of the issues addressed in this work are applicable to a wider class of turbines. The performance trends and design choices presented in this report should be of general use to wind turbine designers who are considering alternative aerodynamic braking methods. A literature search was combined with preliminary work on device sizing, loads and mechanical design. Candidate configurations were assessed on their potential for benefits in the areas of cost, weight, aerodynamic noise, reliability and performance under icing conditions. As a result, two configurations were identified for further study: the {open_quotes}spoiler-flap{close_quotes} and the {open_quotes}flip-tip.{close_quotes} Wind tunnel experiments were conducted at Wichita State University to evaluate the performance of the candidate aerodynamic brakes on an airfoil section representative of the AWT-26/27 blades. The wind tunnel data were used to predict the braking effectiveness and deployment characteristics of the candidate devices for a wide range of design parameters. The evaluation was iterative, with mechanical design and structural analysis being conducted in parallel with the braking performance studies. The preliminary estimate of the spoiler-flap system cost was $150 less than the production AWT-26/27 tip vanes. This represents a reduction of approximately 5 % in the cost of the aerodynamic braking system. In view of the preliminary nature of the design, it would be prudent to plan for contingencies in both cost and weight.
Magnetic braking of T Tauri stars
P. J. Armitage; C. J. Clarke
1995-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
We construct models for the rotation rates of T Tauri stars whose spin is regulated by magnetic linkage between the star and a surrounding accretion disc. Our models utilise a time-dependent disc code to follow the accretion process and include the effects of pre-main-sequence stellar evolution. We find that the initial disc mass controls the evolution of the star-disc system. For sufficiently massive discs, a stellar field of $\\sim$ 1 kG is able to regulate the spin rate to the observed values during the classical T Tauri phase. The field then acts to expel the disc and the star spins up at constant angular momentum as a weak-line system. Lower mass discs are ejected at an early epoch and fail to brake the star significantly. We extend the model to close binary systems, and find that the removal of angular momentum from the disc by the secondary significantly prolongs the inner disc lifetime. Such systems should therefore be relatively slow rotators. We also discuss the implications of our model for the spectral energy distributions and variability of T Tauri stars.
Regenerative braking device with rotationally mounted energy storage means
Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI)
1982-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
A regenerative braking device for an automotive vehicle includes an energy storage assembly (12) having a plurality of rubber rollers (26, 28) mounted for rotation between an input shaft (30) and an output shaft (32), clutches (50, 56) and brakes (52, 58) associated with each shaft, and a continuously variable transmission (22) connectable to a vehicle drivetrain and to the input and output shafts by the respective clutches. In a second embodiment the clutches and brakes are dispensed with and the variable ratio transmission is connected directly across the input and output shafts. In both embodiments the rubber rollers are torsionally stressed to accumulate energy from the vehicle when the input shaft rotates faster or relative to the output shaft and are torsionally relaxed to deliver energy to the vehicle when the output shaft rotates faster or relative to the input shaft.
Fuzzy logic electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system
Cikanek, S.R.
1994-10-25T23:59:59.000Z
An regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system using fuzzy logic for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensor and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, and requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs fuzzy logic based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control operation of the electric traction motor and to the brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control. 123 figs.
Evaluation of driver braking performance to an unexpected object in the roadway
Picha, Dale Louis
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
components, specifically whether the equation accurately reflects driver and vehicle behaviors during a braking maneuver. This research evaluated the two components of the SSD equation. Four field studies were conducted that evaluated driver braking...
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
, residual friction, noise, vibrations, a new brake has been designed according to a modular principle which describes a new intelligent braking system for motor vehicles. A mechatronic approach helped to avoid some
Fuzzy logic electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system
Cikanek, Susan R. (Wixom, MI)
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system using fuzzy logic for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensor and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, and requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs fuzzy logic based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control operation of the electric traction motor and to the brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control.
Evaluation of Corrosion Failure in Tractor-Trailer Brake System
Wilson, DF
2002-10-22T23:59:59.000Z
As reported to ORNL, concomitant with the introduction of different deicing and anti-icing compounds, there was an increase in the brake failure rate of tractor-trailer trucks. A forensic evaluation of a failed brake system was performed. Optical and scanning electron microscopic evaluation showed corrosion to be mostly confined to the brake table/lining interface. The corrosion is non-uniform as is to be expected for plain carbon steel in chloride environments. This initial analysis found no evidence for the chlorides of calcium and magnesium, which are the newly introduced deicing and antiicing compounds and are less soluble in water than the identified chlorides of sodium and potassium, in the scale. The result could be as a result of non-exposure of the examined brake table to calcium and magnesium chloride. The mechanisms for the increased failure rate are postulated as being an increased rate of corrosion due to positive shifts in the corrosion potential, and an increased amount of corrosion due to an increased ''time of wetness'' that results from the presence of hygroscopic salts. Laboratory scale evaluation of the corrosion of plain carbon steel in simulated deicing and anti-icing solutions need to be performed to determine corrosion rates and morphological development of corrosion product, to compare laboratory data to in-service data, and to rank economically feasible replacement materials for low carbon steel. In addition, the mechanical behavior of the lining attached to the brake shoe table needs to be assessed. It is opined that an appropriate adjustment of materials could easily allow for a doubling of a brake table/lining lifetime. Suggestions for additional work, to clarify the mechanisms of rust jacking and to develop possible solutions, are described.
E-Print Network 3.0 - air brake association Sample Search Results
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
... Source: Southwest Region University Transportation Center Collection: Engineering ; Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 2 Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment...
Airbus A320 Braking as Predicate-Action Peter B. Ladkin
Ladkin, Peter B.
Airbus A320 Braking as Predicate-Action Diagrams Peter B. Ladkin Universit¨at Bielefeld, Technische of the Airbus A320 braking systems contained in the Flight Crew Operating Manual. This helps identify to interest us and others in the design of the A320 braking system [FI.93a, FI.93b, FI.93c]. This paper
Adaptive Rollover Prevention for Automotive Vehicles with Differential Braking
Duffy, Ken
Adaptive Rollover Prevention for Automotive Vehicles with Differential Braking Selim Solmaz, switching, and tuning (MMST) paradigm [13, 14, 15] for preventing unÂtripped rollover in automotive vehicles performance than its fixed robust counterpart. Keywords: Automotive control; Multiple models; Parameter
Many applications require brakes, for instance to decelerate or to
an error occurs in the process of a robotic arm. The energy consumption and actuation force of these brakes is very high. A team of TU Delft scientists developed a method to reduce the energy consumption. The energy consumption is high because an actuator has to generate a normal force between two friction
Oxygen-Diffused Titanium as a Candidate Brake Rotor Material
Qu, Jun [ORNL; Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL; Jolly, Brian C [ORNL
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Titanium alloys are one of several candidate materials for the next generation of truck disk brake rotors. Despite their advantages of lightweight relative to cast iron and good strength and corrosion resistance, titanium alloys are unlikely to be satisfactory brake rotor materials unless their friction and wear behavior can be significantly improved. In this study, a surface engineering process oxygen diffusion was applied to titanium rotors and has shown very encouraging results. The oxygen diffused Ti-6Al-4V (OD-Ti) was tested on a sub-scale brake tester against a flat block of commercial brake lining material and benchmarked against several other Ti-based materials, including untreated Ti-6Al-4V, ceramic particle-reinforced Ti composites (MMCs), and a thermal-spray-coated Ti alloy. With respect to friction, the OD-Ti outperformed all other candidate materials under the imposed test conditions with the friction coefficient remaining within a desirable range of 0.35-0.50, even under the harshest conditions when the disk surface temperature reached nearly 600 ?C. In addition, the OD-Ti showed significantly improved wear-resistance over the non-treated one and was even better than the Ti-based composite materials.
aircraft brake materials: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
brake materials First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 26 REDUCTION OF CADMTUM PLATING ON...
Braking index of isolated pulsars: open questions and ways forward
Hamil, Oliver
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Isolated pulsars are rotating neutron stars with accurately measured angular velocities $\\Omega$, and their time derivatives which show unambiguously that the pulsars are slowing down. Although the exact mechanism of the spin-down is a question of debate, the commonly accepted view is that it arises either through emission of magnetic dipole radiation (MDR) from a rotating magnetized body, through emission of a relativistic particle wind, or via higher order magnetic multipole or gravitational quadrupole radiation. The calculated energy loss by a rotating pulsar is model dependent and leads to the power law $\\dot{\\Omega}$ = -K $\\Omega^{\\rm n}$ where $n$ is called the braking index. The theoretical value for braking index is $n = 1, 3, 5$ for wind, MDR, quadrupole radiation respectively. The accepted view is that pulsar braking is strongly dominated by MDR. Highly precise observations of isolated pulsars yield braking index values in the range $1 < n < 2.8$ which are consistently less than the value pred...
TOWARDS GLOBAL CHASSIS CONTROL BY INTEGRATING THE BRAKE AND
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
. SzabÂ´o*, J. Bokor*, C. Poussot-Vassal**, O. Sename**, L. Dugard** *Computer and Automation Research active suspensions and an active brake is proposed to improve the safety of vehicles. The design is based of the method is demonstrated through a complex simulation example containing vehicle maneuvers. Keywords: LPV
Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing: Five-Axle Combination Tractor-Flatbed Final Report
Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL; Franzese, Oscar [ORNL
2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, in coordination with the Federal Highway Administration, sponsored the Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT) program in order to provide information about the effect of gross vehicle weight (GVW) on braking performance. Because the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations limit the number of braking system defects that may exist for a vehicle to be allowed to operate on the roadways, the examination of the effect of brake defects on brake performance for increased loads is also relevant. The HOVBT program seeks to provide relevant information to policy makers responsible for establishing load limits, beginning with providing test data for a combination tractor/trailer. This testing was conducted on a five-axle combination vehicle with tractor brakes meeting the Reduced Stopping Distance requirement rulemaking. This report provides a summary of the testing activities, the results of various analyses of the data, and recommendations for future research. Following a complete brake rebuild, instrumentation, and brake burnish, stopping tests were performed from 20 and 40 mph with various brake application pressures (15 psi, 25 psi, 35 psi, 45 psi, 55 psi, and full system pressure). These tests were conducted for various brake conditions at the following GVWs: 60,000, 80,000, 91,000, 97,000, 106,000, and 116,000 lb. The 80,000-lb GVWs included both balanced and unbalanced loads. The condition of the braking system was also varied. To introduce these defects, brakes (none, forward drive axle, or rear trailer axle) were made inoperative. In addition to the stopping tests, performance-based brake tests were conducted for the various loading and brake conditions. Analysis of the stopping test data showed the stopping distance to increase with load (as expected) and also showed that more braking force was generated by the drive axle brakes than the trailer axle brakes. The constant-pressure stopping test data revealed a linear relationship between brake application pressure and was used to develop an algorithm to normalize stopping data for weight and initial speed.
Energy Efficiency in Heavy Vehicle Tires, Drivetrains, and Braking Systems
Peter J. Blau
2000-04-26T23:59:59.000Z
This document was prepared to support the primary goals of the Department of Energy, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies. These were recently stated as follows: ''Develop by 2004 the enabling technologies for a class 7-8 truck with a fuel efficiency of 10 mpg (at 65 mph) which will meet prevailing emission standards. For Class 3-6 trucks operating on an urban driving cycle, develop by 2004 commercially viable vehicles that achieve at least double the fuel economy of comparable current vehicles (1999), and as a research goal, reduce criteria pollutants to 30% below EPA standards. Develop by 2004 the diesel engine enabling technologies to support large-scale industry dieselization of Class 1 and 2 trucks, achieving a 35 % fuel efficiency improvement over comparable gasoline-fueled trucks, while meeting applicable emissions standards.'' The enabling technologies for improving the fuel efficiency of trucks, include not only engine technologies but also technologies involved with lowering the rolling resistance of tires, reducing vehicle aerodynamic drag, improving thermal management, and reducing parasitic frictional losses in drive train components. Opportunities also exist for making better use of the energy that might ordinarily be dissipated during vehicle braking. Braking systems must be included in this evaluation since safety in truck operations is vital, and braking requirements are greater for vehicles having lowered resistance to rolling. The Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies has initiated a program to improve the aerodynamics of heavy vehicles through wind tunnel testing, computational modeling, and on-road evaluations. That activity is described in a separate multi-year plan; therefore, emphasis in this document will be on tires, drive trains, and braking systems. Recent, dramatic fluctuations in diesel fuel prices have emphasized the importance of effecting savings in truck fuel economy by implementing new component designs and materials.
E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive drum brakes Sample Search Results
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology Collection: Chemistry 3 Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment Tools Summary: System Visual determination of potentially unsafe...
E-Print Network 3.0 - air brakes Sample Search Results
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
... Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Center for Transportation Analysis Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 2 CMV Brake Wear and Performance Test Little is...
E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive brake materials Sample Search...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
such as trucks, tractor... -trailers and buses. In these brake systems, compressed air is used as the energy transmitting medium to ... Source: Southwest Region University...
Ma, Lena
in a greenhouse. At recently, however, has Chinese brake (Pteris vittata L.)harvest, the Chinese brake produced soils (0.47Â7.56 mg As kg 1 ),concentration to water-soluble arsenic in soil) of 1450 and a transloca to remediate arsenic contaminated soils. schullat, 2000), soil arsenic concentration (Jiang and Singh, 1994
Integrated vehicle dynamics control via coordination of active front steering and rear braking
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Integrated vehicle dynamics control via coordination of active front steering and rear brakingComputer and Automation Research Institue, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Kende u. 13-17, H-1111, Budapest, Hungary, Email front steering and rear braking in a driver- assist system for vehicle yaw control. The proposed control
Vehicle yaw control via coordinated use of steering/braking systems
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Vehicle yaw control via coordinated use of steering/braking systems M. Doumiati, O. Sename, J.sename@gipsa-lab.grenoble-inp.fr) Computer and Automation Research Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Kende u. 13-17, H-1111, Budapest with steer- ing/braking coordination task for vehicle yaw control. For steerability enhancement, only active
Modeling the pneumatic relay valve of an s-cam air brake
Vilayannur Natarajan, Shankar
2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
- niques. The design of a model-based diagnostic system requires the development and experimental corroboration of a mathematical model of the evolution of pressure in each brake chamber of a truck in response to the application of brake pedal input...
Modeling the pneumatic subsystem of a S-cam air brake system
Coimbatore Subramanian, Shankar
2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
The air brake system is one of the critical components in ensuring the safe operation of any commercial vehicle. This work is directed towards the development of a fault-free model of the pneumatic subsystem of the air brake system. This model can...
Fault tolerant control of automatically controlled vehicles in response to brake system failures
Hsien, Li-Wei
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
in the brake system is vital. In this thesis, nonlinear failure detection filters are used for fault detection of sensors and actuators in a class of nonlinear systems. In this thesis, the effects of brake system failures in an AHS where the vehicle steering...
Emission Factor for Antimony in Brake Abrasion Dusts as One of the
Short, Daniel
originating from automobiles. Abrasion dusts from commercially available brake pads (nonasbestos organic type factors originating from automobiles were approximately 32 Âµg Sb/braking/car for PM10 and 22 Âµg Sb of automobiles to the atmospheric Sb concen- tration. The emission factors of pollutants from automobiles have
Wind turbine trailing-edge aerodynamic brake design
Quandt, G.
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report describes the design of a centrifugally actuated aerodynamic-overspeed device for a horizontal-axis wind turbine. The device will meet the following criteria; (1) It will be effective for airfoil angles of attack 0{degrees} to 45{degrees}. (2) It will be stowed inside the blade profile prior to deployment. (3) It will be capable of offsetting the positive torque produced by the overall blade. (4) Hinge moments will be minimized to lower actuator loads and cost. (5) It will be evaluated as a potential power modulating active rotor-control system. A literature review of aerodynamic braking devices was conducted. Information from the literature review was used to conceptualize the most effective devices for subsequent testing and design. Wind-tunnel test data for several braking devices are presented in this report. Using the data for the most promising configuration, a preliminary design was developed for a MICON 65/13 wind turbine with Phoenix 7.9-m rotor blades.
Cooper, T.C.; McGlothlin, J.D.; Godbey, F.W.; Sheehy, J.W.; O'Brien, D.M.
1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
A walk-through survey of control technology for reducing asbestos exposure during maintenance and repair of vehicular brakes was conducted at Northwest Local School District, Cincinnati, Ohio in January, 1986. The primary method for controlling and collecting dust during brake servicing was a wet-washing technique and good work practices, ensuring that exposure to hazardous physical or chemical agents was reduced or eliminated. Also available was an enclosed-type brake assembly cleaner designed to be connected to the shop air and a vacuum system. The brake assembly cleaner did not have a viewing port to examine the area being cleaned. The operator had to remove the unit to inspect the cleaned area potentially exposing himself to any dust remaining on the brake shoes or hub. The unit itself was a potential dust source as it was designed to fit 16-inch wheels and did not form a tight seal on the smaller 15-inch wheels of the newer buses. The authors conclude that the wet wash technique is an excellent method for controlling asbestos emissions during brake maintenance. The vacuum brake-assembly cleaner is inadequate and potentially hazardous. An in-depth survey of the wet technique is recommended.
Achieving Consistent Maximum Brake Torque with Varied Injection Timing in a DI Diesel Engine
Kroeger, Timothy H
2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z
, the characteristics of combustion for swept injection timings along the maximum brake torque plateau are determined. The research is conducted by varying injection timing at constant engine speed and load while measuring engine emissions and in-cylinder pressure...
E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive brake disc Sample Search Results
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Please cite this article in press as: F. Massi, et al., Contact surface topography and system dynamics of brake squeal, Wear (2008), Summary: for future work. 487 References 488...
E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive disc brakes Sample Search Results
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Please cite this article in press as: F. Massi, et al., Contact surface topography and system dynamics of brake squeal, Wear (2008), Summary: for future work. 487 References 488...
A mathematical model for air brake systems in the presence of leaks
Ramaratham, Srivatsan
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
A MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR AIR BRAKE SYSTEMS IN THE PRESENCE OF LEAKS A Thesis by SRIVATSAN RAMARATHNAM Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 2008 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering A MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR AIR BRAKE SYSTEMS IN THE PRESENCE OF LEAKS A Thesis by SRIVATSAN RAMARATHNAM Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...
Braking index of isolated uniformly rotating magnetized pulsars
Hamil, Oliver; Urbanec, Martin; Urbancova, Gabriela
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Isolated pulsars are rotating neutron stars with accurately measured angular velocities $\\Omega$, and their time derivatives which show unambiguously that the pulsars are slowing down. Although the exact mechanism of the spin-down is a question of debate in detail, the commonly accepted view is that it arises through emission of magnetic dipole radiation (MDR) from a rotating magnetized body. Other processes, including the emission of gravitational radiation, and of relativistic particles (pulsar wind), are also being considered. The calculated energy loss by a rotating pulsar with a constant moment of inertia is assumed proportional to a model dependent power of $\\Omega$. This relation leads to the power law $\\dot{\\Omega}$ = -K $\\Omega^{\\rm n}$ where $n$ is called the braking index. The MDR model predicts $n$ exactly equal to 3. Selected observations of isolated pulsars provide rather precise values of $n$, individually accurate to a few percent or better, in the range 1$ <$ n $ < $ 2.8, which is consi...
Anirban Kundu
2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z
This is a brief discussion of the following features of the Universal Extra Dimension (UED) model: (i) Formulation, (ii) Indirect bounds, (iii) Collider search and the Inverse Problem, (iv) Astrophysical bounds, and (v) UED with two extra dimensions.
Van Wagenen, H.D.
1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Exposure to asbestos during the servicing of brakes on state-owned vehicles at the Bureau of Vehicle Management Maintenance Division, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, was investigated as part of a study of control technologies. Brakes had been serviced at this garage facility for the previous year using a BCE-1000 Clayton brake-cleaning unit, sized for cars, vans, and pickups. The brake-cleaning unit consisted of a transparent enclosure hood and a HEPA vacuum filter dust collector, designed to contain and collect all brake-lining dust during vehicular brake maintenance and replacement. The authors conclude that the Clayton BCE-1000 dust-control unit appeared to be effective in containing and collecting brake dust during all vehicular brake maintenance and replacement jobs in this situation.
On The Use of Eddy Current Brakes as Tunable, Fast Turn-On Viscous Dampers For Haptic Rendering
Hayward, Vincent
On The Use of Eddy Current Brakes as Tunable, Fast Turn-On Viscous Dampers For Haptic Rendering, linear dampers for haptic rendering using a prototype haptic device outfitted with eddy current brakes discuss the results from haptic experiments for rendering viscosity, virtual walls and virtual friction
Neutron scattering residual stress measurements on gray cast iron brake discs
Spooner, S.; Payzant, E.A.; Hubbard, C.R. [and others
1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Neutron diffraction was used to investigate the effects of a heat treatment designed to remove internal residual stresses in brake discs. It is believed that residual stresses may change the rate of deformation of the discs during severe braking conditions when the disc temperature is increased significantly. Neutron diffraction was used to map out residual strain distributions in a production disc before and after a stress-relieving heat treatment. Results from these neutron diffraction experiments show that some residual strains were reduced by as much as 400 microstrain by stress relieving. 5 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.
REPORT on the TRUCK BRAKE LINING WORKSHOP and FLEET OPERATORS' SURVEY
Blau, P.J.
2003-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
The report summarizes what transpired during brake linings-related workshop held at the Fall 2003 meeting of the Technology and Maintenance Council (TMC) in Charlotte, NC. The title of the workshop was ''Developing a Useful Friction Material Rating System''. It was organized by a team consisting of Peter Blau (Oak Ridge National Laboratory), Jim Britell (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration), and Jim Lawrence (Motor and Equipment Manufacturers Association). The workshop was held under the auspices of TMC Task Force S6 (Chassis), chaired by Joseph Stianche (Sanderson Farms, Inc.). Six invited speakers during the morning session provided varied perspectives on testing and rating aftermarket automotive and truck brake linings. They were: James R. Clark, Chief Engineer, Foundation Brakes and Wheel Equipment, Dana Corporation, Spicer Heavy Axle and Brake Division; Charles W. Greening, Jr, President, Greening Test Labs; Tim Duncan, General Manager, Link Testing Services;Dennis J. McNichol, President, Dennis NationaLease; Jim Fajerski, Business Manager, OE Sales and Applications Engineering, Federal Mogul Corporation; and Peter J. Blau, Senior Materials Development Engineer, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The afternoon break-out sessions addressed nine questions concerning such issues as: ''Should the federal government regulate aftermarket lining quality?''; ''How many operators use RP 628, and if so, what's good or bad about it?''; and ''Would there be any value to you of a vocation-specific rating system?'' The opinions of each discussion group, consisting of 7-9 participants, were reported and consolidated in summary findings on each question. Some questions produced a greater degree of agreement than others. In general, the industry seems eager for more information that would allow those who are responsible for maintaining truck brakes to make better, more informed choices on aftermarket linings. A written fleet operator survey was also conducted during the TMC meeting. Twenty-one responses were received, spanning fleet sizes between 12 and 170,000 vehicles. Responses are summarized in a series of tables separated into responses from small (100 or fewer powered vehicles), medium (101-1000 vehicles), and large fleets (>1000 vehicles). The vast majority of fleets do their own brake maintenance, relying primarily on experience and lining manufactures to select aftermarket linings. At least half of the responders are familiar to some extent with TMC Recommended Practice 628 on brake linings, but most do not use this source of test data as the sole criterion to select linings. Significant shortfalls in the applicability of TMC RP 628 to certain types of brake systems were noted.
Miller, P.A.; Sukley, R.
1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this project was to evaluate the performance of asphalt containing various percentages of brake lining as an aggregate, and compare its performance to that of normal asphalt containing natural aggregate. This project is an effort to explore alternate ways to use waste product. Four test section of FB-2 Modified mix containing brake lining materials were placed in July 1992 along with one control section on SR 3022 in Mercer county. To date all sections are performing satisfactory, and Brake linings should be recommended as a viable partial replacement of aggregate in bituminous materials. This study only considered the performance of only off-spec brake linings, therefore, any performance data or enviromental effects of placement of used brake material should be addressed.
Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment Conduct a proof-of-concept
Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment Purpose Conduct a proof-of-concept test to examine the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's Vehicle and Roadside Operations Division Concept stemming conducted for the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration. Signals to be collected Real
Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter
Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)
Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter Juan for an Electric Vehicle has been simulated. The purpose of this device is to allow higher accelerations, similar in shape and size to a Chevrolet S-10. This vehicle was already converted to an electric car
A study of factors affecting foot movement time in a braking maneuver
Berman, Andrea Helene
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The nature of foot movement time (MT) in an actual braking maneuver and in a stationary vehicle was investigated regarding the effects of age and gender of the driver and nature of the stimulus to which the driver was responding. ANOVAs showed...
Gravity, Dimension, Equilibrium, & Thermodynamics
Jerome Perez
2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z
Is it actually possible to interpret gravitation as space's property in a pure classical way. Then, we note that extended self-gravitating system equilibrium depends directly on the number of dimension of the space in which it evolves. Given those precisions, we review the principal thermodynamical knowledge in the context of classical gravity with arbitrary dimension of space. Stability analyses for bounded 3D systems, namely the Antonov instability paradigm, are then rapproched to some amazing properties of globular clusters and galaxies.
Li Zhiyun [Astronomy Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Krasnopolsky, Ruben; Shang, Hsien [Academia Sinica, Theoretical Institute for Advanced Research in Astrophysics, Taipei, Taiwan (China)
2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Stars form in dense cores of molecular clouds that are observed to be significantly magnetized. In the simplest case of a laminar (non-turbulent) core with the magnetic field aligned with the rotation axis, both analytic considerations and numerical simulations have shown that the formation of a large, 10{sup 2} AU scale, rotationally supported protostellar disk is suppressed by magnetic braking in the ideal MHD limit for a realistic level of core magnetization. This theoretical difficulty in forming protostellar disks is termed the ''magnetic braking catastrophe''. A possible resolution to this problem, proposed by Hennebelle and Ciardi and Joos et al., is that misalignment between the magnetic field and rotation axis may weaken the magnetic braking enough to enable disk formation. We evaluate this possibility quantitatively through numerical simulations. We confirm the basic result of Joos et al. that the misalignment is indeed conducive to disk formation. In relatively weakly magnetized cores with dimensionless mass-to-flux ratio {approx}> 4, it enabled the formation of rotationally supported disks that would otherwise be suppressed if the magnetic field and rotation axis are aligned. For more strongly magnetized cores, disk formation remains suppressed, however, even for the maximum tilt angle of 90 Degree-Sign . If dense cores are as strongly magnetized as indicated by OH Zeeman observations (with a mean dimensionless mass-to-flux ratio {approx}2), it would be difficult for the misalignment alone to enable disk formation in the majority of them. We conclude that, while beneficial to disk formation, especially for the relatively weak field case, misalignment does not completely solve the problem of catastrophic magnetic braking in general.
Variations in gear fatigue life for different wind turbine braking strategies
McNiff, B.P. (Second Wind, Inc., Somerville, MA (USA)); Musial, W.D. (Solar Energy Research Inst., Golden, CO (USA)); Errichello, R. (GEARTECH, Albany, CA (USA))
1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
A large number of gearbox failures have occurred in the wind industry in a relatively short period, many because service loads were underestimated. High-torque transients that occur during starting and stopping are difficult to predict and may be overlooked in specifying gearbox design. Although these events comprise a small portion of total load cycles, they can be the most damaging. The severity of these loads varies dramatically with the specific configuration of the wind turbine. The large number of failures in Danish-designed Micon 65 wind turbines prompted this investigation. The high-speed and low-speed shaft torques were measured on a two-stage helical gearbox of a single Micon 65 turbine. Transient events and normal running loads were combined statistically to obtain a typical annual load spectrum. The pitting and bending fatigue lives of the gear teeth were calculated by using Miner's rule for four different high-speed shaft brake configurations. Each breaking scenario was run for both a high- and a low-turbulence normal operating load spectrum. The analysis showed increases in gear life by up to a factor of 25 when the standard high-speed shaft brake is replaced with a dynamic brake or modified with a damper. 9 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.
Big Mysteries: Extra Dimensions
Lincoln, Don
2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
The weakness of gravity compared to the other subatomic forces is a real mystery. While nobody knows the answer, one credible solution is that gravity has access to more spatial dimensions than the other three known forces. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln describes this idea, with the help of some very urbane characters.
Big Mysteries: Extra Dimensions
Lincoln, Don
2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
The weakness of gravity compared to the other subatomic forces is a real mystery. While nobody knows the answer, one credible solution is that gravity has access to more spatial dimensions than the other three known forces. In this video, Fermilab's Dr. Don Lincoln describes this idea, with the help of some very urbane characters.
Pochiraju, Anirudh
2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
momentum in the industry [4]. These vehicles (BEVs and HEVS) use electric motor/generator pairs to propel themselves and to recapture braking energy (electric RBS) and the power source is the battery. The regenerative braking system uses a generator..., aerodynamic and road losses. 4. Improvised Transmission design to reduce losses. 5. Hybrid and Alternative Energy Propulsion systems e.g. the Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV), the Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV). 6. Recycling Braking energy – Storage and reuse...
Web Style Guide Fixed Dimension
Web Style Guide KEY: Fixed Dimension: Variable Dimension: V1.1, SEPTEMBER 2010 #12;Page 2 Table PAGE NEWS & EVENTS PAGE Fonts & Colors FONTS COLORS Web Writing Guidelines WEB WRITING GUIDELINES Web
Probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
Greenfield, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sargent, T.J. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)]|[Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Hoover Institution
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In its most recent report on the annual probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the annual failure rate is calculated to be 1.3E({minus}7)(1/yr), rounded off from 1.32E({minus}7). A calculation by the Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) produces a result that is about 4% higher, namely 1.37E({minus}7)(1/yr). The difference is due to a minor error in the US Department of Energy (DOE) calculations in the Westinghouse 1996 report. WIPP`s hoist safety relies on a braking system consisting of a number of components including two crucial valves. The failure rate of the system needs to be recalculated periodically to accommodate new information on component failure, changes in maintenance and inspection schedules, occasional incidents such as a hoist traveling out-of-control, either up or down, and changes in the design of the brake system. This report examines DOE`s last two reports on the redesigned waste hoist system. In its calculations, the DOE has accepted one EEG recommendation and is using more current information about the component failures rates, the Nonelectronic Parts Reliability Data (NPRD). However, the DOE calculations fail to include the data uncertainties which are described in detail in the NPRD reports. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission recommended that a system evaluation include mean estimates of component failure rates and take into account the potential uncertainties that exist so that an estimate can be made on the confidence level to be ascribed to the quantitative results. EEG has made this suggestion previously and the DOE has indicated why it does not accept the NRC recommendation. Hence, this EEG report illustrates the importance of including data uncertainty using a simple statistical example.
Collapse of Magnetized Singular Isothermal Toroids: II. Rotation and Magnetic Braking
A. Allen; Z. Y. Li; F. H. Shu
2003-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
We study numerically the collapse of rotating, magnetized molecular cloud cores, focusing on rotation and magnetic braking during the main accretion phase of isolated star formation. Motivated by previous numerical work and analytic considerations, we idealize the pre-collapse core as a magnetized singular isothermal toroid, with a constant rotational speed everywhere. The collapse starts from the center, and propagates outwards in an inside-out fashion, satisfying exact self-similarity in space and time. For rotation rates and field strengths typical of dense low-mass cores, the main feature remains the flattening of the mass distribution along field lines -- the formation of a pseudodisk, as in the nonrotating cases. The density distribution of the pseudodisk is little affected by rotation. On the other hand, the rotation rate is strongly modified by pseudodisk formation. Most of the centrally accreted material reaches the vicinity of the protostar through the pseudodisk. The specific angular momentum can be greatly reduced on the way, by an order of magnitude or more, even when the pre-collapse field strength is substantially below the critical value for dominant cloud support. The efficient magnetic braking is due to the pinched geometry of the magnetic field in the pseudodisk, which strengthens the magnetic field and lengthens the level arm for braking. Both effects enhance the magnetic transport of angular momentum from inside to outside. The excess angular momentum is carried away in a low-speed outflow that has, despite claims made by other workers, little in common with observed bipolar molecular outflows. We discuss the implications of our calculations for the formation of true disks that are supported against gravity by rotation.
Hybrid Braking System for Non-Drive Axles | Department of Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Subject:Groundto Apply for Weatherization 7HybirdBraking System
Rau, Scott James
2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z
Concepts and technologies described herein provide for an accurate and cost-effective method for rotating a solar array disk for tracking the movement of the sun. According to various aspects, a motor includes a fixed caliper and a translating caliper positioned adjacent to one another. Electromagnetically controlled brakes on the translating caliper grip the solar array disk while adjacent, but spaced apart, electromagnets on the fixed caliper and the translating caliper are energized to create an attractive force that pulls the translating caliper with the solar array disk toward the fixed caliper. After reaching the fixed caliper, brakes on the fixed caliper are engaged with the disk, brakes on the translating caliper are released from the disk, and the translating caliper is pushed back to the starting location where the process repeats until the desired rotation is completed.
Rotational evolution of the Crab pulsar in the wind braking model
Kou, F F
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The pulsar wind model is updated by considering the effect of particle density and pulsar death. It can describe both the short term and long term rotational evolution of pulsars consistently. It is applied to model the rotational evolution of the Crab pulsar. The pulsar is spun down by a combination of magnetic dipole radiation and particle wind. The parameters of the Crab pulsar, including magnetic field, inclination angle, and particle density are calculated. The particle density in acceleration region is about 10^3 times the Goldreich-Julian charge density. The lower braking index between glitches is due to a larger particle density. This may be glitch induced magnetospheric activities in normal pulsars. Evolution of braking index and the Crab pulsar in P-Pdot diagram are calculated. The Crab pulsar will evolve from magnetic dipole radiation dominated case towards particle wind dominated case. Considering the effect of pulsar "death", the Crab pulsar (and other normal pulsars) will not evolve to the clust...
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeNew YorkLouisiana Laws andDakota1 Cleanbutton highlighted
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeNew YorkLouisiana Laws andDakota1 Cleanbutton highlightedButton
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterEnergyAuthorization for(EV) Road User AssessmentNRELhighlightedButton
Hopkins, Jennifer Susan
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
driving game. Superimposed on the game screen was the image of a car which appeared to the driver to be ahead of him/her. The image enlarged in size, appearing to be a car applying its brakes. The participant was instructed to react as he would in a real...
Brown, Thomas B., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we propose CityCarControl, a system to manage the steering, braking, and throttle of a new class of intra-city electric vehicles. These vehicles have a focus on extreme light-weight and a small parking ...
Reduced-dimension transistors: Reduced-dimension transistors
Pulfrey, David L.
1 Reduced-dimension transistors: the HEMT LECTURE 20 Â· Reduced-dimension transistors Â· HEMT Â· 2-D;8 For a finite well Â· Wavefunction not completely confined Â· Use undoped spacer #12;9 Employment of a spacer scattering (Âµ ). Â· Electrons and donors separated no I I scattering, i.e., Âµ Â· Undoped spacer also helps
Collapse of Magnetized Singular Isothermal Toroids: II. Rotation and Magnetic Braking
Allen, A; Shu, F H
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study numerically the collapse of rotating, magnetized molecular cloud cores, focusing on rotation and magnetic braking during the main accretion phase of isolated star formation. Motivated by previous numerical work and analytic considerations, we idealize the pre-collapse core as a magnetized singular isothermal toroid, with a constant rotational speed everywhere. The collapse starts from the center, and propagates outwards in an inside-out fashion, satisfying exact self-similarity in space and time. For rotation rates and field strengths typical of dense low-mass cores, the main feature remains the flattening of the mass distribution along field lines -- the formation of a pseudodisk, as in the nonrotating cases. The density distribution of the pseudodisk is little affected by rotation. On the other hand, the rotation rate is strongly modified by pseudodisk formation. Most of the centrally accreted material reaches the vicinity of the protostar through the pseudodisk. The specific angular momentum can b...
String universality in ten dimensions
Allan Adams; Oliver DeWolfe; Washington Taylor
2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the ${\\cal N}=1$ supergravity theories in ten dimensions with gauge groups $U(1)^{496}$ and $E_8 \\times U(1)^{248}$ are not consistent quantum theories. Cancellation of anomalies cannot be made compatible with supersymmetry and abelian gauge invariance. Thus, in ten dimensions all supersymmetric theories of gravity without known inconsistencies are realized in string theory.
Low-Income Weatherization: The Human Dimension
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
This presentation focuses on how the human dimension saves energy within low-income weatherization programs.
Octupolar order in two dimensions
Epifanio G. Virga
2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
Octupolar order is described in two space dimensions in terms of the maxima (and conjugated minima) of the probability density associated with a third-rank, fully symmetric and traceless tensor. Such a representation is shown to be equivalent to diagonalizing the relevant third-rank tensor, an equivalence which however is only valid in the two-dimensional case.
Astronomy and the Fifth Dimension
Paul S. Wesson
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Astronomy is a precise and relatively simple science because objects accelerate in a gravitational field at the same rate, irrespective of their composition. Galileo knew this, and Einstein took it as the basis for general relativity. Surprisingly, it is also a consequence of new theories that use a fifth dimension.
Resource dimensioning through buffer sampling
Boucherie, Richard J.
, theoretical dimensioning formulae that estimate the required capacity C as a function of the input traffic the buffer content, estimates the buffer content distribution, and `inverts' this to the variance. We of capacity that should be added, advanced modeling and performance techniques are required. These predictions
Rahim, A.H.M.A.; Alamgir, D.A.H.
1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
A control strategy for dynamic braking resistor and shunt reactor is proposed for stabilization of power systems when subject to large disturbances. The time optimal control is derived as a function of synchronous machine power, its rotor angular position and speed deviation. The response for a single machine system with the proposed control has been compared with that from the time optimal solution obtained through the steepest descent method. The strategy has also been tested on two multimachine systems. Results indicate that the proposed strategy provides a simple and effective method of stabilization under transient emergency conditions.
Dark Energy From Fifth Dimension
H. Alavirad; N. Riazi
2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
Observational evidence for the existence of dark energy is strong. Here we suggest a model which is based on a modified gravitational theory in 5D and interpret the 5th dimension as a manifestation of dark energy in the 4D observable universe. We also obtain an equation of state parameter which varies with time. Finally, we match our model with observations by choosing the free parameters of the model.
DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN DIMENSIONS OF NATURAL RESOURCES
CODE DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN DIMENSIONS OF NATURAL RESOURCES College of Natural Resources Colorado;3 DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL HUMAN DIMENSIONS OF NATURAL RESOURCES CODE ARTICLE I. GOAL AND OBJECTIVES A. DEPARTMENT MISSION The mission of the Department of Human Dimensions of Natural Resources is to contribute
Sixth Dimension | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant ofRichardtonManagement, 2009) | OpenSixth Dimension Jump to:
Carpick, Robert W.
Hydraulic Drivetrain and Regenerative Braking Team 13: Andrew Brown, Karan Desai, Andrew Mc Pressure Reservior Filter Variable Vane Pump Motor/Pump Hydraulic Accumulators Solenoid Valve Relief Valve Suction Line Since their development in 2006, hydraulic drivetrain systems have gained considerable
Peng, Huei
as the desired level of vehicle yaw motion, and the control system was designed to follow the yaw motion commandVehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 26, No.4, October 1996, pp.301-320. Traction/Braking Force in the past twenty years through the use of electronic devices. Four-wheel-steering (4WS) systems have been
Statics and Dynamics of Spin and Electric Dipoles in 3-Dimension, 4-Dimension, and Other Dimensions
SASLOW, WM; Fulling, Stephen A.; Hu, Chia-Ren.
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
-dimensional spaces where polar vec- tors have n components, spin has n (n ?1)/2 components. Moreover, although a rotation can make an arbitrary polar vector have only one noniero component, the same is not true for spin (and mag- netic field). In particular, for n... com- ponent we have derived the equation of motion for spin in n dimensions, and for n =4 we apply it to free Larmor precession, where we find two modes [at y(H~2+H34)]. Simple ferromagnets and spin glasses are also discussed for n=4. Since no true...
Greenfield, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sargent, T.J.
1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) previously analyzed the probability of a catastrophic accident in the waste hoist of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) and published the results in Greenfield (1990; EEG-44) and Greenfield and Sargent (1993; EEG-53). The most significant safety element in the waste hoist is the hydraulic brake system, whose possible failure was identified in these studies as the most important contributor in accident scenarios. Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division has calculated the probability of an accident involving the brake system based on studies utilizing extensive fault tree analyses. This analysis conducted for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) used point estimates to describe the probability of failure and includes failure rates for the various components comprising the brake system. An additional controlling factor in the DOE calculations is the mode of operation of the brake system. This factor enters for the following reason. The basic failure rate per annum of any individual element is called the Event Probability (EP), and is expressed as the probability of failure per annum. The EP in turn is the product of two factors. One is the {open_quotes}reported{close_quotes} failure rate, usually expressed as the probability of failure per hour and the other is the expected number of hours that the element is in use, called the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes}. In many instances the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes} will be the number of operating hours of the brake system per annum. However since the operation of the waste hoist system includes regular {open_quotes}reoperational check{close_quotes} tests, the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes} for standby components is reduced in accordance with the specifics of the operational time table.
Design and test of a wet type helium turbo-expander with an alternator as a brake
Kato, T.; Miyake, A.; Kawano, K.; Hamada, K.; Hiyama, T.; Iwamoto, S.; Ebisu, H.; Tsuji, H. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Ibaraki-ken (Japan); Saji, N.; Kaneko, Y. [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)] [and others
1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
A wet type helium turbo-expander with expected adiabatic efficiency of 70% at inlet pressure, temperature, and outlet pressure of 1.3 MPa, 6.0 K, and 0.2 MPa, respectively, has been developed. An alternator is adopted as a brake where a permanent magnet is held in the turbine shaft. And a self-acting gas bearing is used at thrust and journal bearings. An electromagnet supports thrust bearing to lift up the thrust disk when initiating operation. Design mass flow rate of the turbine is determined to be 60 g/s, corresponding to the JT mass flow rate in the existing helium liquefier/refrigerator. In the cryogenic performance test, the turbine had increased helium liquefaction rate by four times larger than the liquefaction rate without turbine operation.
J. J. Monaghan; D. J. Price
2005-10-25T23:59:59.000Z
Toy Stars are gas masses where the compressibility is treated without approximations but gravity is replaced by a force which, for any pair of masses, is along their line of centres and proportional to their separation. They provide an invaluable resource for testing the suitability of numerical codes for astrophysical gas dynamics. In this paper we derive the equations for both small amplitude oscillations and non linear solutions for rotating and pulsating Toy Stars in two dimensions, and show that the solutions can be reduced to a small number of ordinary differential equations. We compare the accurate solutions of these equations with Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) simulations. The two dimensional Toy Star solutions are found to provide an excellent benchmark for SPH algorithms, highlighting many of the strengths and also some weaknesses of the method.
The Deng algorithm in higher dimensions
Y. Nyonyi; S. D. Maharaj; K. S. Govinder
2014-12-28T23:59:59.000Z
We extend an algorithm of Deng in spherically symmetric spacetimes to higher dimensions. We show that it is possible to integrate the generalised condition of pressure isotropy and generate exact solutions to the Einstein field equations for a shear-free cosmological model with heat flow in higher dimensions. Three new metrics are identified which contain results of four dimensions as special cases. We show graphically that the matter variables are well behaved and the speed of sound is causal.
Deconstructing Dimensions Adventures in Theory Space
Nima Arkani-Hamed
2009-11-28T23:59:59.000Z
Theories of gravity and gauge forces in more than four dimensions offer a new paradigm for physics beyond the standard model. We present some of the most interesting recent ideas, and explain how signals for extra dimensions could appear in experiments at a linear e+e- collider.
On SIC-POVMs in Prime Dimensions
Steven T. Flammia
2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
The generalized Pauli group and its normalizer, the Clifford group, have a rich mathematical structure which is relevant to the problem of constructing symmetric informationally complete POVMs (SIC-POVMs). To date, almost every known SIC-POVM fiducial vector is an eigenstate of a "canonical" unitary in the Clifford group. I show that every canonical unitary in prime dimensions p > 3 lies in the same conjugacy class of the Clifford group and give a class representative for all such dimensions. It follows that if even one such SIC-POVM fiducial vector is an eigenvector of such a unitary, then all of them are (for a given such dimension). I also conjecture that in all dimensions d, the number of conjugacy classes is bounded above by 3 and depends only on d mod 9, and I support this claim with computer computations in all dimensions < 48.
Title: China Dimensions Data Collection Data Creator /
Title: China Dimensions Data Collection Data Creator / Copyright Owner: Center for International holds wide range of natural science and socioeconomic research and educational activities of China. These databases are integrated with agricultural, land use, environmental, socioeconomic data to track China
Dark Energy, Inflation and Extra Dimensions
Paul J. Steinhardt; Daniel Wesley
2008-12-07T23:59:59.000Z
We consider how accelerated expansion, whether due to inflation or dark energy, imposes strong constraints on fundamental theories obtained by compactification from higher dimensions. For theories that obey the null energy condition (NEC), we find that inflationary cosmology is impossible for a wide range of compactifications; and a dark energy phase consistent with observations is only possible if both Newton's gravitational constant and the dark energy equation-of-state vary with time. If the theory violates the NEC, inflation and dark energy are only possible if the NEC-violating elements are inhomogeneously distributed in thecompact dimensions and vary with time in precise synchrony with the matter and energy density in the non-compact dimensions. Although our proofs are derived assuming general relativity applies in both four and higher dimensions and certain forms of metrics, we argue that similar constraints must apply for more general compactifications.
On c-theorems in arbitrary dimensions
Arpan Bhattacharyya; Ling-Yan Hung; Kallol Sen; Aninda Sinha
2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
The dilaton action in 3+1 dimensions plays a crucial role in the proof of the a-theorem. This action arises using Wess-Zumino consistency conditions and crucially relies on the existence of the trace anomaly. Since there are no anomalies in odd dimensions, it is interesting to ask how such an action could arise otherwise. Motivated by this we use the AdS/CFT correspondence to examine both even and odd dimensional CFTs. We find that in even dimensions, by promoting the cut-off to a field, one can get an action for this field which coincides with the WZ action in flat space. In three dimensions, we observe that by finding an exact Hamilton-Jacobi counterterm, one can find a non-polynomial action which is invariant under global Weyl rescalings. We comment on how this finding is tied up with the F-theorem conjectures.
Solar energy generation in three dimensions
Bernardi, Marco
We formulate, solve computationally and study experimentally the problem of collecting solar energy in three dimensions. We demonstrate that absorbers and reflectors can be combined in the absence of sun tracking to build ...
Secrecy coverage in two dimensions Amites Sarkar
Sarkar, Amites
Secrecy coverage in two dimensions Amites Sarkar Department of Mathematics Western Washington University Bellingham, WA 98225, USA Email: amites.sarkar@wwu.edu Abstract--Imagine a sensor network
Secrecy coverage in two dimensions Amites Sarkar
Sarkar, Amites
Secrecy coverage in two dimensions Amites Sarkar November 15, 2014 Abstract Working in the infinite, Bellingham, WA 98225, USA. Email: amites.sarkar@wwu.edu 1 #12;Svante Janson proved in 1986 [7] that coverage
Secrecy coverage in two dimensions Amites Sarkar
Sarkar, Amites
Secrecy coverage in two dimensions Amites Sarkar October 29, 2013 Abstract Working in the infinite, Western Washington University, Bellingham, WA 98225, USA. Email: amites.sarkar@wwu.edu 1 #12;Svante Janson
Breaking Parity Symmetry Using Extra Dimensions
R. N. Mohapatra; A. Pérez-Lorenzana
1999-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
We present a new way to break parity symmetry in left-right symmetric models using boundary conditions on the fields residing in the fifth dimension. We also discuss the connection between the limits on the size of extra dimensions and the scale of right handed symmetry breaking obtained from the analysis of neutrinoless double beta decay in the case where the righthanded gauge symmetry is in the bulk.
Large-dimension, high-ZT Thermoelectric Nanocomposites for High...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Large-dimension, high-ZT Thermoelectric Nanocomposites for High-Power High-efficiency Waste Heat Recovery for Electricity Generation Large-dimension, high-ZT Thermoelectric...
White Paper Societal Dimensions of Earth System Modeling
on Societal Dimensions of Earth System Modeling July 5, 2011 #12; 2 Executive Summary Â· A Societal Dimensions of Earth System Modeling workshop was held
Mauricio Cataldo; Alberto A. García
2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we discuss the radiation equation of state $p=\\rho/2$ in (2+1)-dimensions. In (3+1)-dimensions the equation of state $p=\\rho/3$ may be used to describe either actual electromagnetic radiation (photons) as well as a gas of massless particles in a thermodynamic equilibrium (for example neutrinos). In this work it is shown that in the framework of (2+1)-dimensional Maxwell electrodynamics the radiation law $p=\\rho/2$ takes place only for plane waves, i.e. for $E = B$. Instead of the linear Maxwell electrodynamics, to derive the (2+1)-radiation law for more general cases with $E \
Fractal Dimension Computation From Equal Mass Partitions
Shiozawa, Yui; Rouet, Jean-Louis
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
While the numerical methods which utilizes partitions of equal-size, including the box-counting method, remain the most popular choice for computing the generalized dimension of multifractal sets, two mass- oriented methods are investigated by applying them to the one-dimensional generalized Cantor set. We show that both mass-oriented methods generate relatively good results for generalized dimensions for important cases where the box-counting method is known to fail. Both the strengths and limitations of the methods are also discussed.
The communication dimension of wind energy
McCalley, James D.
energy Â· People see the advantages of wind power as being more important than the disadvantagesThe communication dimension of wind energy: Challenges and opportunities #12;OPPORTUNITIES #12;Pew of industry Kick and Smith, 2008 #12;Other audience characteristics Â· A public relatively informed about wind
The Environmental Justice Dimensions of Climate Change
The Environmental Justice Dimensions of Climate Change Marie Lynn Miranda, Douglas A. Hastings to mitigate the severe impacts of climate change predicted to occur in the twenty-first century. Many with climate change. This study investigates the varying degrees to which developing and developed nations
Large-N droplets in two dimensions
Dean Lee
2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Using lattice effective field theory, we study the ground state binding energy of N distinct particles in two dimensions with equal mass interacting weakly via an attractive SU(N)-symmetric short range potential. We find that in the limit of zero range and large N, the ratio of binding energies B_{N}/B_{N-1} approaches the value 8.3(6).
Cosmological model with movement in fifth dimension
W. B. Belayev
2001-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
Presented cosmological model is 3D brane world sheet moved in extra dimension with variable scale factor. Analysis of the geodesic motion of the test particle gives settle explanation of the Pioneer effect. It is found that for considered metric the solution of the semi-classical Einstein equations with various parameters conforms to isotropic expanded and anisotropic stationary universe.
Geometrically induced magnetic catalysis and critical dimensions
Antonino Flachi; Kenji Fukushima; Vincenzo Vitagliano
2015-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the combined effect of magnetic fields and geometry in interacting fermionic systems. At leading order in the heat-kernel expansion, the infrared singularity (that in flat space leads to the magnetic catalysis) is regulated by the chiral gap effect and the catalysis is deactivated by effect of the curvature. We discover that an infrared singularity may reappear from higher-order terms in the heat kernel expansion leading to a novel form of geometrically induced magnetic catalysis (absent in flat space). The dynamical mass squared is then modified not only due to the chiral gap effect by an amount proportional to the curvature, but also by a magnetic shift $\\propto (4-D)eB$ where $D$ represents the number of space-time dimensions. We argue that $D=4$ is a critical dimension across which the behaviour of the magnetic shift changes qualitatively.
Geometrically induced magnetic catalysis and critical dimensions
Flachi, Antonino; Vitagliano, Vincenzo
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the combined effect of magnetic fields and geometry in interacting fermionic systems. At leading order in the heat-kernel expansion, the infrared singularity (that in flat space leads to the magnetic catalysis) is regulated by the chiral gap effect and the catalysis is deactivated by effect of the curvature. We discover that an infrared singularity may reappear from higher-order terms in the heat kernel expansion leading to a novel form of geometrically induced magnetic catalysis (absent in flat space). The dynamical mass squared is then modified not only due to the chiral gap effect by an amount proportional to the curvature, but also by a magnetic shift $\\propto (4-D)eB$ where $D$ represents the number of space-time dimensions. We argue that $D=4$ is a critical dimension across which the behaviour of the magnetic shift changes qualitatively.
The Hausdorff dimension in polymerized quantum gravity
Martin G. Harris; John F. Wheater
1998-11-24T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the Hausdorff dimension, $d_H$, and the correlation function exponent, $\\eta$, for polymerized two dimensional quantum gravity models. If the non-polymerized model has correlation function exponent $\\eta_0 >3$ then $d_H=\\gamma^{-1}$ where $\\gamma$ is the susceptibility exponent. This suggests that these models may be in the same universality class as certain non-generic branched polymer models.
Codes and Supersymmetry in One Dimension
C. F. Doran; M. G. Faux; S. J. Gates Jr.; T. Hübsch; K. M. Iga; G. D. Landweber; R. L. Miller
2011-08-20T23:59:59.000Z
Adinkras are diagrams that describe many useful supermultiplets in D=1 dimensions. We show that the topology of the Adinkra is uniquely determined by a doubly even code. Conversely, every doubly even code produces a possible topology of an Adinkra. A computation of doubly even codes results in an enumeration of these Adinkra topologies up to N=28, and for minimal supermultiplets, up to N=32.
Standard Model scales from warped extra dimensions
Bernard Riley
2008-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
If in the Randall and Sundrum RS1 model the inverse of the compactification radius, the AdS curvature scale, and the five and four-dimensional Planck scales are equal in size, as is natural, then the warp factor at the location of the low energy brane is of value 1/pi. So that all scales derive from locations in the space, we identify the extra dimension with the infinite covering space of the S1/Z2 orbifold. The extra dimension is then essentially a series of connected line intervals, punctuated by branes. Scales on successive branes in the extra dimension descend from Planck scale in a geometric sequence of common ratio 1/pi. Evidence is provided for such a sequence within the spectrum of particle masses, and of a second geometric sequence, of common ratio 2/pi, which suggests that the AdS spacetime is six-dimensional and doubly warped. The scales of the Standard Model lie at coincident levels within the two sequences. A third sequence, of common ratio 1/e, provides a symmetrical framework for the Standard Model and points to a warped product spacetime.
DEFORMATION-BASED NONLINEAR DIMENSION REDUCTION: APPLICATIONS TO NUCLEAR MORPHOMETRY
Gordon, Geoffrey J.
DEFORMATION-BASED NONLINEAR DIMENSION REDUCTION: APPLICATIONS TO NUCLEAR MORPHOMETRY Gustavo K, contrary to common intuition, the most likely nuclear shape configuration is not symmetric. Index Terms-- Nuclear shape analysis, nonlinear, dimension reduction, image registration. 1. INTRODUCTION Under
Dimension two vacuum condensates in gauge-invariant theories
D. V. Bykov; A. A. Slavnov
2005-05-11T23:59:59.000Z
Gauge dependence of the dimension two condensate in Abelian and non-Abelian Yang-Mills theory is investigated.
NLO BFKL and Anomalous Dimensions of Light-Ray Operators
Balitsky, Ian [JLAB, Newport News, VA (United States)
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The anomalous dimensions of light-ray operators of twist two are obtained by analytical continuation of the anomalous dimensions of corresponding local operators. I demonstrate that the asymptotics of these anomalous dimensions at the "BFKL point" j ? 1 can be obtained by comparing the light-cone operator expansion with the high-energy expansion in Wilson lines.
FRACTAL DIMENSION ESTIMATION: EMPIRICAL MODE DECOMPOSITION VERSUS WAVELETS
GonÃ§alves, Paulo
FRACTAL DIMENSION ESTIMATION: EMPIRICAL MODE DECOMPOSITION VERSUS WAVELETS Paulo GoncÂ¸alves INRIA, France. {firstname.lastname}@ens-lyon.fr ABSTRACT We address the problem of fractal dimension estimation motions. Index Terms-- fractal dimension, regularity exponents, wavelet transform, EMD 1. MOTIVATION
On the fractal dimension of the Duffing attractor
Mariusz Tarnopolski
2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
The box counting dimension $d_C$ and the correlation dimension $d_G$ change with the number of numerically generated points forming the attractor. At a sufficiently large number of points the fractal dimension tends to a finite value. The obtained values are $d_C\\approx 1.43$ and $d_G\\approx 1.38$.
Radiation Beyond Four Space-Time Dimensions
A. Mironov; A. Morozov
2007-03-09T23:59:59.000Z
We present a list of formulas describing classical radiation of the rank s tensor field from an accelerated point-like source in flat space-time of arbitrary even dimension d. This allows straightforward evaluating the total intensity and radiated momentum for any $s$ and $d$ algorithmically, by hands or with the help of a computer (e.g. with an attached MAPLE program). Practical application of formulas is limited, because, for s>1, the energy-momentum tensor for the point-like source is not conserved. This usually means that one cannot neglect contributions to radiation from tensions of the forces that cause acceleration of the source.
Fractal Dimension for Fractal Structures: A Hausdorff Approach
M. A. Sánchez-Granero; Manuel Fernández-Martínez
2010-07-22T23:59:59.000Z
This paper provides a new model to compute the fractal dimension of a subset on a generalized-fractal space. Recall that fractal structures are a perfect place where a new definition of fractal dimension can be given, so we perform a suitable discretization of the Hausdorff theory of fractal dimension. We also find some connections between our definition and the classical ones and also with fractal dimensions I & II (see http://arxiv.org/submit/0080421/pdf). Therefore, we generalize them and obtain an easy method in order to calculate the fractal dimension of strict self-similar sets which are not required to verify the open set condition.
Black Holes and Sub-millimeter Dimensions
Argyres, Philip C; March-Russell, John David; Argyres, Philip C.; Dimopoulos, Savas; March-Russell, John
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recently, a new framework for solving the hierarchy problem was proposed which does not rely on low energy supersymmetry or technicolor. The fundamental Planck mass is at a TeV and the observed weakness of gravity at long distances is due the existence of new sub-millimeter spatial dimensions. In this letter, we study how the properties of black holes are altered in these theories. Small black holes---with Schwarzschild radii smaller than the size of the new spatial dimensions---are quite different. They are bigger, colder, and longer-lived than a usual $(3+1)$-dimensional black hole of the same mass. Furthermore, they primarily decay into harmless bulk graviton modes rather than standard-model degrees of freedom. We discuss the interplay of our scenario with the holographic principle. Our results also have implications for the bounds on the spectrum of primordial black holes (PBHs) derived from the photo-dissociation of primordial nucleosynthesis products, distortion of the diffuse gamma-ray spectrum, overcl...
Shape Dynamics in 2+1 Dimensions
Timothy Budd; Tim Koslowski
2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
Shape Dynamics is a formulation of General Relativity where refoliation invariance is traded for local spatial conformal invariance. In this paper we explicitly construct Shape Dynamics for a torus universe in 2+1 dimensions through a linking gauge theory that ensures dynamical equivalence with General Relativity. The Hamiltonian we obtain is formally a reduced phase space Hamiltonian. The construction of the Shape Dynamics Hamiltonian on higher genus surfaces is not explicitly possible, but we give an explicit expansion of the Shape Dynamics Hamiltonian for large CMC volume. The fact that all local constraints are linear in momenta allows us to quantize these explicitly, and the quantization problem for Shape Dynamics turns out to be equivalent to reduced phase space quantization. We consider the large CMC-volume asymptotics of conformal transformations of the wave function. We then use the similarity of Shape Dynamics on the 2-torus with the explicitly constructible strong gravity (BKL) Shape Dynamics Hamiltonian in higher dimensions to suggest a quantization strategy for Shape Dynamics.
The BCS - BEC Crossover In Arbitrary Dimensions
Zohar Nussinov; Shmuel Nussinov
2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
Cold atom traps and certain neutron star layers may contain fermions with separation much larger than the range of pair-wise potentials yet much shorter than the scattering length. Such systems can display {\\em universal} characteristics independent of the details of the short range interactions. In particular, the energy per particle is a fraction $\\xi$ of the Fermi energy of the free Fermion system. Our main result is that for space dimensions D smaller than two and larger than four a specific extension of this problem readily yields $\\xi=1$ for all $D \\le 2$ whereas $\\xi$ is rigorously non-positive (and potentially vanishing) for all $ D \\ge 4$. We discuss the D=3 case. A particular unjustified recipe suggests $\\xi=1/2$ in D=3.
Solar Energy Generation in Three Dimensions
Bernardi, Marco; Wan, Jin H; Villalon, Rachelle; Grossman, Jeffrey C
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Optimizing the conversion of solar energy to electricity is central to the World's future energy economy. Flat photovoltaic panels are commonly deployed in residential and commercial rooftop installations without sun tracking systems and using simple installation guidelines to optimize solar energy collection. Large-scale solar energy generation plants use bulky and expensive sun trackers to avoid cosine losses from photovoltaic panels or to concentrate sunlight with mirrors onto heating fluids.[1,2] However, none of these systems take advantage of the three-dimensional nature of our biosphere, so that solar energy collection largely occurs on flat structures in contrast with what is commonly observed in Nature.[3,4] Here we formulate, solve computationally and study experimentally the problem of collecting solar energy in three-dimensions.[5] We demonstrate that absorbers and reflectors can be combined in the absence of sun tracking to build three-dimensional photovoltaic (3DPV) structures that can generate ...
Generalized Klein-Gordon equations in d dimensions from supersymmetry
Bollini, C.G.; Giambiagi, J.J.
1985-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Wess-Zumino model is extended to higher dimensions, leading to a generalized Klein-Gordon equation whose propagator is computed in configuration space.
K-theoretic rigidity and slow dimension growth
2011-02-18T23:59:59.000Z
Oct 28, 2009 ... In fact, there are no simple separable nuclear stably finite C. ? ... fine locally finite nuclear dimension here; it is enough for us that separable.
Gauge and Higgs Boson Masses from an Extra Dimension
Graham Moir; Peter Dziennik; Nikos Irges; Francesco Knechtli; Kyoko Yoneyama
2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z
We present novel calculations of the mass hierarchy of the $SU(2)$ pure gauge theory on a space-time lattice with an orbifolded fifth dimension. This theory has three parameters; the gauge coupling $\\beta$, the anisotropy $\\gamma$, which is a measure of the ratio of the lattice spacing in the four dimensions to that in the fifth dimension, and the extent of the extra dimension $N_{5}$. Using a large basis of scalar and vector operators we explore in detail the spectrum along the $\\gamma = 1$ line, and for the first time we investigate the spectrum for $\\gamma \
Accelerating Universe from Extra Spatial Dimension
S. Chatterjee; A. Banerjee; Y. Z. Zhang
2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z
We present a simple higher dimensional FRW type of model where the acceleration is apparently caused by the presence of the extra dimensions. Assuming an ansatz in the form of the deceleration parameter we get a class of solutions some of which shows the desirable feature of dimensional reduction as well as reasonably good physical properties of matter. Interestingly we do not have to invoke an extraneous scalar field or a cosmological constant to account for this acceleration. One argues that the terms containing the higher dimensional metric coefficients produces an extra negative pressure that apparently drives the inflation of the 4D space with an accelerating phase. It is further found that in line with the physical requirements our model admits of a decelerating phase in the early era along with an accelerating phase at present.Further the models asymptotically mimic a steady state type of universe although it starts from a big type of singularity. Correspondence to Wesson's induced matter theory is also briefly discussed and in line with it it is argued that the terms containing the higher dimensional metric coefficients apparently creates a negative pressure which drives the inflation of the 3-space with an accelerating phase.
Holographic c-theorems in arbitrary dimensions
Robert C. Myers; Aninda Sinha
2011-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
We re-examine holographic versions of the c-theorem and entanglement entropy in the context of higher curvature gravity and the AdS/CFT correspondence. We select the gravity theories by tuning the gravitational couplings to eliminate non-unitary operators in the boundary theory and demonstrate that all of these theories obey a holographic c-theorem. In cases where the dual CFT is even-dimensional, we show that the quantity that flows is the central charge associated with the A-type trace anomaly. Here, unlike in conventional holographic constructions with Einstein gravity, we are able to distinguish this quantity from other central charges or the leading coefficient in the entropy density of a thermal bath. In general, we are also able to identify this quantity with the coefficient of a universal contribution to the entanglement entropy in a particular construction. Our results suggest that these coefficients appearing in entanglement entropy play the role of central charges in odd-dimensional CFT's. We conjecture a new c-theorem on the space of odd-dimensional field theories, which extends Cardy's proposal for even dimensions. Beyond holography, we were able to show that for any even-dimensional CFT, the universal coefficient appearing the entanglement entropy which we calculate is precisely the A-type central charge.
Interactive Dimensions in the Construction of Mental Representations for Text
Patel, Aniruddh D.
Interactive Dimensions in the Construction of Mental Representations for Text David N. Rapp be as critical to the construction of complex mental models as the discrete dimensions themselves. In the present a bead on Specify again. Incredibly, the horse was still rolling along. A pang of fear went through Woolf
Fractal dimension in dissipative chaotic scattering Jess M. Seoane,1,
Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad
Fractal dimension in dissipative chaotic scattering JesÃºs M. Seoane,1, * Miguel A. F. SanjuÃ¡n,1 on chaotic scattering is relevant to situations of physical interest. We inves- tigate how the fractal is thus the fractal dimension of the set of singularities. For nonhyperbolic scattering, it has been known
Effects of Ultramicroelectrode Dimensions on the Electropolymerization of Polypyrrole
Fletcher, Benjamin L [ORNL; Fern, Jared T. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Rhodes, Kevin [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); McKnight, Timothy E [ORNL; Fowlkes, Jason Davidson [ORNL; Retterer, Scott T [ORNL; Keffer, David J. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Simpson, Michael L [ORNL; Doktycz, Mitchel John [ORNL
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Anode geometry can significantly affect the electrochemical synthesis of conductive polymers. Here, the effects of anode dimensions on the electropolymerization of pyrrole are investigated. Band microelectrodes were prepared with widths ranging from 2 to 500 {micro}m. The anode dimension has a significant effect on the resulting thickness of polymer film. The electropolymerization process deviates significantly from that predicted by simple mass transfer considerations when electrode dimensions are less than {approx}20 {micro}m. Polymer film thickness is thinner than expected when electrode dimensions become less than {approx}10 {micro}m. A simple mathematical model was derived to explain the observed effects of anode dimensions on the polymerization process. Simulation results confirm that diffusive loss of reaction intermediates accounts for the observed experimental trends. The described simulation facilitates understanding of the electropolymerization processes and approaches to the controlled deposition of polypyrrole, particularly at the submicron scale, for microelectromechanical systems and biomedical applications.
Dissipative hydrodynamics in 2+1 dimension
A. K. Chaudhuri
2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z
In 2+1 dimension, we have simulated the hydrodynamic evolution of QGP fluid with dissipation due to shear viscosity. Comparison of evolution of ideal and viscous fluid, both initialised under the same conditions e.g. same equilibration time, energy density and velocity profile, reveal that the dissipative fluid evolves slowly, cooling at a slower rate. Cooling get still slower for higher viscosity. The fluid velocities on the otherhand evolve faster in a dissipative fluid than in an ideal fluid. The transverse expansion is also enhanced in dissipative evolution. For the same decoupling temperature, freeze-out surface for a dissipative fluid is more extended than an ideal fluid. Dissipation produces entropy as a result of which particle production is increased. Particle production is increased due to (i) extension of the freeze-out surface and (ii) change of the equilibrium distribution function to a non-equilibrium one, the last effect being prominent at large transverse momentum. Compared to ideal fluid, transverse momentum distribution of pion production is considerably enhanced. Enhancement is more at high $p_T$ than at low $p_T$. Pion production also increases with viscosity, larger the viscosity, more is the pion production. Dissipation also modifies the elliptic flow. Elliptic flow is reduced in viscous dynamics. Also, contrary to ideal dynamics where elliptic flow continues to increase with transverse momentum, in viscous dynamics, elliptic flow tends to saturate at large transverse momentum. The analysis suggest that initial conditions of the hot, dense matter produced in Au+Au collisions at RHIC, as extracted from ideal fluid analysis can be changed significantly if the QGP fluid is viscous.
Brane Stabilization and Regionality of Extra Dimensions
David M. Jacobs; Glenn D. Starkman; Andrew J. Tolley
2014-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Extra dimensions are a common feature of beyond the Standard Model physics. In a braneworld scenario, local physics on the brane can depend strongly on the brane's location within the bulk. Generically, the relevant properties of the bulk manifold for the physics on/of the brane are neither local nor global, but depend on the structure of finite regions of the bulk, even for locally homogeneous and isotropic bulk geometries. In a recent work, various mechanisms (in a braneworld context) were considered to stabilize the location of a brane within bulk spaces of non-trivial topology. In this work we elaborate on and generalize that work by considering additional bulk and brane dimensionalities as well as different boundary conditions on the bulk scalar field that provides a Casimir force on the brane, providing further insight on this effect. In D=2+1 (D=5+1) we consider both local and global contributions to the effective potential of a 1-brane (4-brane) wrapped around both the 2-dimensional hyperbolic horn and Euclidean cone, which are used as toy models of an extra-dimensional manifold. We calculate the total energy due to brane tension and elastic energy (extrinsic curvature) as well as that due to the Casimir energy of a bulk scalar satisfying both Dirchlet and Neumann boundary conditions on the brane. In some cases stable minima of the potential are found that result from the competition of at least two of the contributions. Generically, any one of these effects may be sufficient when the bulk space has less symmetry than the manifolds considered here. We highlight the importance of the Casimir effect for the purpose of brane stabilization.
The fractal dimension of the spectrum of quasiperiodical schrodinger operators
Laurent Marin
2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
We study the fractal dimension of the spectrum of a quasiperiodical Schrodinger operator associated to a sturmian potential. We consider potential defined with irrationnal number verifying a generic diophantine condition. We recall how shape and box dimension of the spectrum is linked to the irrational number properties. In the first place, we give general lower bound of the box dimension of the spectrum, true for all irrational numbers. In the second place, we improve this lower bound for almost all irrational numbers. We finally recall dynamical implication of the first bound.
Physical Interpretation of the 26 Dimensions of Bosonic String Theory
Frank D. Smith Jr
2002-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
The 26 dimensions of Closed Unoriented Bosonic String Theory are interpreted as the 26 dimensions of the traceless Jordan algebra J3(O)o of 3x3 Octonionic matrices, with each of the 3 Octonionic dimenisons of J3(O)o having the following physical interpretation: 4-dimensional physical spacetime plus 4-dimensional internal symmetry space; 8 first-generation fermion particles; 8 first-generation fermion anti-particles. This interpretation is consistent with interpreting the strings as World Lines of the Worlds of Many-Worlds Quantum Theory and the 26 dimensions as the degrees of freedom of the Worlds of the Many-Worlds.
Extremal charged rotating dilaton black holes in odd dimensions
Allahverdizadeh, Masoud; Kunz, Jutta; Navarro-Lerida, Francisco [Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Oldenburg, Postfach 2503 D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany); Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Ciencias Fisicas Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)
2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
Employing higher-order perturbation theory, we find a new class of charged rotating black hole solutions of Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory with general dilaton coupling constant. Starting from the Myers-Perry solutions, we use the electric charge as the perturbative parameter, and focus on extremal black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta in odd dimensions. We perform the perturbations up to 4th order for black holes in 5 dimensions and up to 3rd order in higher odd dimensions. We calculate the physical properties of these black holes and study their dependence on the charge and the dilaton coupling constant.
Extremal Charged Rotating Dilaton Black Holes in Odd Dimensions
Masoud Allahverdizadeh; Jutta Kunz; Francisco Navarro-Lerida
2010-07-24T23:59:59.000Z
Employing higher order perturbation theory, we find a new class of charged rotating black hole solutions of Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory with general dilaton coupling constant. Starting from the Myers-Perry solutions, we use the electric charge as the perturbative parameter, and focus on extremal black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta in odd dimensions. We perform the perturbations up to 4th order for black holes in 5 dimensions and up to 3rd order in higher odd dimensions. We calculate the physical properties of these black holes and study their dependence on the charge and the dilaton coupling constant.
Congestion pricing : policy dimensions, public rejection and impacts
Chingcuanco, Franco (Franco Felipe)
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis makes three related contributions to the broad literature on congestion pricing. First, it examines three policy dimensions that underlie pricing: the economic arguments that motivate it, the technological ...
The Size of Compact Extra Dimensions from Blackbody Radiation Laws
Ramaton Ramos; Henrique Boschi-Filho
2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we generalize the Stefan-Boltzmann and Wien's displacement laws for a $D$-dimensional manifold composed by 4 non-compact dimensions and $D-4$ compact dimensions, $ R^{1,3}$ x $T^{D-4} $. The electromagnetic field is assumed to pervade all compact and non-compact dimensions. In particular, the total radiated power becomes $ R(T) = \\sigma_B T^4 + \\sigma_D (a) \\, T^D $, where $a$ is the size of the compact extra dimensions. For $D=10$, predicted from String Theory, and $D=11$, from M-Theory, the outcomes agree with available experimental data for $a$ as high as 2 x $10^{-7}$m.
STABILITY OF EQUILIBRIA IN ONE DIMENSION FOR DIBLOCK COPOLYMER EQUATION
Sander, Evelyn
STABILITY OF EQUILIBRIA IN ONE DIMENSION FOR DIBLOCK COPOLYMER EQUATION Olga Stulov Department for numerically. The various sets of the solutions of the linearized model were found by means of software AUTO
TASI 2004 Lectures on the Phenomenology of Extra Dimensions
Graham D. Kribs
2006-05-30T23:59:59.000Z
The phenomenology of large, warped, and universal extra dimensions is reviewed. Characteristic signals are emphasized rather than an extensive survey. This is the writeup of lectures given at the Theoretical Advanced Study Institute in 2004.
The Higgs boson as a gauge field in extra dimensions
Marco Serone
2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
I review, at a general non-technical level, the main properties of models in extra dimensions where the Higgs field is identified with some internal component of a gauge field.
A REPORT ON CRITICAL DIMENSIONS OF CYLINDERS | OSTI, US Dept...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
DIMENSIONS OF CYLINDERS Re-direct Destination: Temp Data Fields Keen, R. C. Temp Data Storage 3: Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US) Short URL for this Page http:t.osti.gov3rH...
Wave propagation in periodic lattices with defects of smaller dimension
A. A. Kutsenko
2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
The procedure of evaluating of the spectrum for discrete periodic operators perturbed by operators of smaller dimensions is obtained. This result allows to obtain propagative, guided, localised spectra for different kind of physical operators on graphs with defects.
Giovanni Santostasi
2008-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
The Laser Interferometer Gravitational Observatory (LIGO) has recently reached the end of its fifth science run (S5), having collected more than a year worth of data. Analysis of the data is still ongoing but a positive detection of gravitational waves, while possible, is not realistically expected for most likely sources. This is particularly true for what concerns gravitational waves from known pulsars. In fact, even under the most optimistic (and not very realistic) assumption that all the pulsar's observed spin-down is due to gravitational waves, the gravitational wave strain at earth from all the known isolated pulsars (with the only notable exception of the Crab pulsar) would not be strong enough to be detectable by existing detectors. By August 2006, LIGO had produced enough data for a coherent integration capable to extract signal from noise that was weaker than the one expected from the Crab pulsar's spin-down limit. No signal was detected, but beating the spin-down limit is a considerable achievement for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC). It is customary to translate the upper limit on strain from a pulsar into a more astrophysically significant upper limit on ellipticity. Once the spin-down limit has been beaten, it is possible to release the constraint that all the spin-down is due to gravitational wave emission. A more complete model with diverse braking mechanisms can be used to set limits on several astrophysical parameters of the pulsar. This paper shows possible values of such parameters for the Crab pulsar given the current limit on gravitational waves from this neutron star.
Dimension of physical systems, information processing, and thermodynamics
Nicolas Brunner; Marc Kaplan; Anthony Leverrier; Paul Skrzypczyk
2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
We ask how quantum theory compares to more general physical theories from the point of view of dimension. To do so, we first give two model independent definition of the dimension of physical systems, based on measurements and on the capacity of storing information. While both definitions are equivalent in classical and quantum mechanics, they are in general different in generalized probabilistic theories. We discuss in detail the case of a theory known as 'boxworld', and show that such a theory features systems with a dimension mismatch. This dimension mismatch can be made arbitrarily large by using an amplification procedure. Furthermore, we show that the dimension mismatch of boxworld has strong consequences on its power for performing information-theoretic tasks, leading to the collapse of communication complexity and to the violation of information causality. Finally, we discuss the consequences of a dimension mismatch from the perspective of thermodynamics, and ask whether this effect could break Landauer's erasure principle and thus the second law.
Fractal dimension of interstellar clouds: opacity and noise effects
Nestor Sanchez; Emilio J. Alfaro; Enrique Perez
2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
There exists observational evidence that the interstellar medium has a fractal structure in a wide range of spatial scales. The measurement of the fractal dimension (Df) of interstellar clouds is a simple way to characterize this fractal structure, but several factors, both intrinsic to the clouds and to the observations, may contribute to affect the values obtained. In this work we study the effects that opacity and noise have on the determination of Df. We focus on two different fractal dimension estimators: the perimeter-area based dimension (Dper) and the mass-size dimension (Dm). We first use simulated fractal clouds to show that opacity does not affect the estimation of Dper. However, Dm tends to increase as opacity increases and this estimator fails when applied to optically thick regions. In addition, very noisy maps can seriously affect the estimation of both Dper and Dm, decreasing the final estimation of Df. We apply these methods to emission maps of Ophiuchus, Perseus and Orion molecular clouds in different molecular lines and we obtain that the fractal dimension is always in the range 2.6 2.3) average fractal dimension for the interstellar medium, as traced by different chemical species.
On the dimension of subspaces with bounded Schmidt rank
T. S. Cubitt; A. Montanaro; A. Winter
2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the question of how large a subspace of a given bipartite quantum system can be when the subspace contains only highly entangled states. This is motivated in part by results of Hayden et al., which show that in large d x d--dimensional systems there exist random subspaces of dimension almost d^2, all of whose states have entropy of entanglement at least log d - O(1). It is also related to results due to Parthasarathy on the dimension of completely entangled subspaces, which have connections with the construction of unextendible product bases. Here we take as entanglement measure the Schmidt rank, and determine, for every pair of local dimensions dA and dB, and every r, the largest dimension of a subspace consisting only of entangled states of Schmidt rank r or larger. This exact answer is a significant improvement on the best bounds that can be obtained using random subspace techniques. We also determine the converse: the largest dimension of a subspace with an upper bound on the Schmidt rank. Finally, we discuss the question of subspaces containing only states with Schmidt equal to r.
WHY do we live in 3+1 dimensions?
Nielsen, Holger Bech; Holger Bech Nielsen; Svend Erik Rugh
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
abstract: Noticing that really the fermions of the Standard Model are best thought of as Weyl - rather than Dirac - particles (relative to fundamental scales located at some presumably very high energies) it becomes interesting that the experimental space-time dimension is singled out by the Weyl equation: It is observed that precisely in the experimentally true space-time dimensionality 4=3+1 the number of linearly independent matrices n_{Weyl}^2 dimensionized as the matrices in the Weyl equation equals the dimension d. So just in this dimension (in fact, also in a trivial case d=1) do the sigma-matrices of the Weyl-equation form a basis. It is also characteristic for this dimension that there is no degeneracy of helicity states of the Weyl spinor for all nonzero momenta. We would like to interpret these features to signal a special ``form stability'' of the Weyl equation in the phenomenologically true dimension of space-time. In an attempt of making this stability to occur in an as large as possible basin o...
Why Do We Live in 3+1 Dimensions?
Holger Bech Nielsen; Svend Erik Rugh
1994-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
Noticing that really the fermions of the Standard Model are best thought of as Weyl - rather than Dirac - particles (relative to fundamental scales located at some presumably very high energies) it becomes interesting that the experimental space-time dimension is singled out by the Weyl equation: It is observed that precisely in the experimentally true space-time dimensionality 4=3+1 the number of linearly independent matrices $n_{Weyl}^2$ dimensionized as the matrices in the Weyl equation equals the dimension $d$. So just in this dimension (in fact, also in a trivial case $d=1$) do the sigma-matrices of the Weyl-equation form a basis. It is also characteristic for this dimension that there is no degeneracy of helicity states of the Weyl spinor for all nonzero momenta. We would like to interpret these features to signal a special ``form stability'' of the Weyl equation in the phenomenologically true dimension of space-time. In an attempt of making this stability to occur in an as large as possible basin of allowed modifications we discuss whether it is possible to define what we could possibly mean by ``stability of Natural laws''.
On the selection of dimension reduction techniques for scientific applications
Fan, Y J; Kamath, C
2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
Many dimension reduction methods have been proposed to discover the intrinsic, lower dimensional structure of a high-dimensional dataset. However, determining critical features in datasets that consist of a large number of features is still a challenge. In this paper, through a series of carefully designed experiments on real-world datasets, we investigate the performance of different dimension reduction techniques, ranging from feature subset selection to methods that transform the features into a lower dimensional space. We also discuss methods that calculate the intrinsic dimensionality of a dataset in order to understand the reduced dimension. Using several evaluation strategies, we show how these different methods can provide useful insights into the data. These comparisons enable us to provide guidance to a user on the selection of a technique for their dataset.
Dark Energy from Casimir Energy on Noncommutative Extra Dimensions
S. Fabi; B. Harms; G. Karatheodoris
2006-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
We study the possibility that dark energy is a manifestation of the Casimir energy on extra dimensions with the topology of $S^2$. We consider our universe to be $M^4 \\times S^2$ and modify the geometry by introducing noncommutativity on the extra dimensions only, i.e. replacing $S^2$ with the fuzzy version $S_{F}^2$. We find the energy density as a function of the size of the representation $M+1$ of the algebra of $S_{F}^2$, and we calculate its value for the $M+1=2$ case. The value of the energy density turns out to be positive, i.e. provides dark energy, and the size of the extra dimensions agrees with the experimental limit. We also recover the correct commutative limit as the noncommutative parameter goes to zero.
Constraints on extra dimensions from precision molecular spectroscopy
Salumbides, E J; Gato-Rivera, B; Ubachs, W
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Accurate investigations of quantum level energies in molecular systems are shown to provide a test ground to constrain the size of compactified extra dimensions. This is made possible by the recent progress in precision metrology with ultrastable lasers on energy levels in neutral molecular hydrogen (H$_2$, HD and D$_2$) and the molecular hydrogen ions (H$_2^+$, HD$^+$ and D$_2^+$). Comparisons between experiment and quantum electrodynamics calculations for these molecular systems can be interpreted in terms of probing large extra dimensions, under which conditions gravity will become much stronger. Molecules are a probe of space-time geometry at typical distances where chemical bonds are effective, i.e. at length scales of an \\AA. Constraints on compactification radii for extra dimensions are derived within the Arkani-Hamed-Dimopoulos-Dvali framework, while constraints for curvature or brane separation are derived within the Randall-Sundrum framework. Based on the molecular spectroscopy of D$_2$ molecules an...
Svendborg Brakes | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende NewSowitec do Brasil EnergiaSur de RenovablesPvt Ltd
Favors from Facebook Friends: Unpacking Dimensions of Social Capital
Michigan, University of
capital [5, 14, 19]. Social capital is a conceptual framework that considers the resources held by thoseFavors from Facebook Friends: Unpacking Dimensions of Social Capital Yumi Jung, Rebecca Gray]@umich.edu ABSTRACT Past research has demonstrated a link between perceptions of social capital and use of the popular
Reliability: The Other Dimension of Quality William Q. Meeker
Reliability: The Other Dimension of Quality William Q. Meeker Department of Statistics Iowa State extension of the revolution in product quality is to turn focus to product reliability, which is defined the relationship between engineering quality and reliability and outline the role of statistics and statisticians
The 5th Dimension: Building Blocks for Smart Infrastructures
artifact. Obviously, since the books only pass the energy field of the reader for a few seconds, any formThe 5th Dimension: Building Blocks for Smart Infrastructures Marc Langheinrich ETH Zurich Institute example of such an interaction in 5D would be the following scenario: two "smart" (i.e., tagged) books
Liquid pair correlations in four spatial dimensions: Theory versus simulation
M. Heinen; J. Horbach; H. Löwen
2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z
Using liquid integral equation theory, we calculate the pair correlations of particles that interact via a smooth repulsive pair potential in d = 4 spatial dimensions. We discuss the performance of different closures for the Ornstein-Zernike equation, by comparing the results to computer simulation data. Our results are of relevance to understand crystal and glass formation in high-dimensional systems.
DIMENSIONS OF DISTRIBUTED LEADERSHIP IN THE SME CONTEXT
Mottram, Nigel
1 DIMENSIONS OF DISTRIBUTED LEADERSHIP IN THE SME CONTEXT Steve Kempster*, Jason Cope** and Ken IN THE SME CONTEXT Abstract. Entrepreneurial ventures are led as effectively by small teams as by individuals individual leadership within the SME context. The overlap between heroic individual leadership
EXTREMAL CONFIGURATIONS OF ROBOT ARMS IN THREE DIMENSIONS
Siersma, Dirk
EXTREMAL CONFIGURATIONS OF ROBOT ARMS IN THREE DIMENSIONS DIRK SIERSMA Abstract. We define a volume function for a robot arm in R3 and give geometric conditions for its critical points. 1. Introduction configurations of planar polygonal linkages and open robot arms considered as the critical points of the oriented
Singularity free stars in (2+1) dimensions
Farook Rahaman; Ayan Banerjee; Irina Radinschi; Sumita Banerjee; Soumendranath Ruz
2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
We present some new types of non-singular model for anisotropic stars with constant $\\Lambda $ and variable $\\Lambda$ based on the Krori and Barua (KB) metric in $(2+1)$ dimensions. The solutions obtained here satisfy all the regularity conditions and its simple analytical form helps us to study the various physical properties of the configuration.
A procedure to Estimate the Fractal Dimension of Waveforms
Carlos Sevcik
2010-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
A method is described for calculating the approximate fractal dimension from a set of N values y sampled from a waveform between time zero and t. The waveform was subjected to a double linear transformation that maps it into a unit square.
Dimensioning hospital wards using the Erlang loss model Corresponding author
-2006. Finally, we demonstrate the efficiency of merging departments. Keywords: hospital resource allocationDimensioning hospital wards using the Erlang loss model Corresponding author: A.M. de Bruin (MSc of Sciences Department of Mathematics Assistant professor Optimization of Business Processes L. van Zanten
Quantum Gravity in Three Dimensions from Higher-Spin Holography
Tan, Hai Siong
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Higher Spin Anti-de Sitter Gravity,” JHEP 1012, 007 (2010)gravity in three dimensions from the per- spective of higher-spin holography in anti-gravity in three dimen- sions in the framework of higher-spin holography in anti-
The Post Anachronism: The Temporal Dimension of Facebook Privacy
Reiter, Michael
The Post Anachronism: The Temporal Dimension of Facebook Privacy Lujo Bauer , Lorrie Faith Cranor the audience and emphasis of Facebook posts change over time. In a 63-participant longitudinal study, par- ticipants gave their audience and emphasis preferences for up to ten of their Facebook posts in the week
Upper bounds for multiphase composites in any dimension
Luis Silvestre
2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
We prove a rigorous upper bound for the effective conductivity of an isotropic composite made of several isotropic components in any dimension. This upper bound coincides with the Hashin Shtrikman bound when the volume ratio of all phases but any two vanish.
Fractal dimension and turbulence in Giant HII Regions
Caicedo-Ortiz, H E; López-Bonilla, J; Castañeda, H O
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We have measured the fractal dimensions of the Giant HII Regions Hubble X and Hubble V in NGC6822 using images obtained with the Hubble's Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2). These measures are associated with the turbulence observed in these regions, which is quantified through the velocity dispersion of emission lines in the visible. Our results suggest low turbulence behaviour.
Power: The New Dimension of Test Patrick GIRARD
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
1 Power: The New Dimension of Test Patrick GIRARD WRTLT 2008WRTLT 2008 ÂÂ SapporoSapporo -- Japan;2 1. Relevance of power during test 2. Main test power issues 3. Reducing test power by dedicated techniques 4. Low Power Design and its implications on test 5. One step to the future Outline lirmm-00820640
DISORDERED BOSE EINSTEIN CONDENSATES WITH INTERACTION IN ONE DIMENSION
Boyer, Edmond
DISORDERED BOSE EINSTEIN CONDENSATES WITH INTERACTION IN ONE DIMENSION ROBERT SEIRINGER, JAKOB- Pitaevskii regime. We prove that Bose Einstein condensation survives even a strong random potential with a high density of scatterers. The character of the wave func- tion of the condensate, however, depends
Moving Canadian Oil to Markets: The Economic Dimensions
Calgary, University of
Moving Canadian Oil to Markets: The Economic Dimensions Panel Discussion Organized by the Schulich.policyschool.ca #12;Petroleum, a key economic driver · Investment - $61 B invested in 2012; over 1/3 of total business investment in Canada · Production and Value Added Direct GDP or value added typically over $115 B per year
Looking into Higher Dimensions: Research with Joseph McMoneagle
Bryan, Ronald
by nuclear reactors can travel as far as 25 light- years in solid lead before being deflected. Another at nuclear distances, and see into higher dimensions. To "calibrate" McMoneagle, I asked him three things (in, if not the best: Joseph McMoneagle. [Joe has published four interesting and informative books on remote viewing
Coset-Space String Compactification Leading To 14 Subcritical Dimensions
A. M. Gavrilik
2001-08-23T23:59:59.000Z
Using sigma-model approach, we study a class of coset spaces with torsion which compactify the D=26 closed bose-string theory. Requiring also that massless chiral fermions arise from the geometry/topology of coset space, we are left with the unique possibility: it implies D=14 subcritical dimensions and the isometry group G_2 X G_2.
Stable heteronuclear few-atom bound states in mixed dimensions
Yin Tao; Zhang Peng; Zhang Wei [Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872 (China)
2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study few-body problems in mixed dimensions where two or three heavy atoms are trapped individually in parallel one-dimensional tubes or two-dimensional disks and a single light atom travels freely in three dimensions. Using the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, we find three- and four-body bound states for a broad parameter region. Specifically, the existence of trimer and tetramer states persists to the negative scattering length regime, where no two-body bound state is present. As pointed out by Y. Nishida in an earlier work [Phys. Rev. A 82, 011605(R) (2010)], these few-body bound states are stable against three-body recombination due to geometric separation. In addition, we find that the binding energy of the ground trimer and tetramer state reaches its maximum value when the scattering lengths are comparable to the separation between the low-dimensional traps.
Borromean ground state of fermions in two dimensions
A. G. Volosniev; D. V. Fedorov; A. S. Jensen; N. T. Zinner
2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
The study of quantum mechanical bound states is as old as quantum theory itself. Yet, it took many years to realize that three-body borromean systems that are bound when any two-body subsystem is unbound are abundant in nature. Here we demonstrate the existence of borromean systems of spin-polarized (spinless) identical fermions in two spatial dimensions. The ground state with zero orbital (planar) angular momentum exists in a borromean window between critical two- and three-body strengths. The doubly degenerate first excited states of angular momentum one appears only very close to the two-body threshold. They are the lowest in a possible sequence of so-called super-Efimov states. While the observation of the super-Efimov scaling could be very difficult, the borromean ground state should be observable in cold atomic gases and could be the basis for producing a quantum gas of three-body states in two dimensions.
Efficient Cluster Algorithm for Spin Glasses in Any Space Dimension
Zheng Zhu; Andrew J. Ochoa; Helmut G. Katzgraber
2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z
Spin systems with frustration and disorder are notoriously difficult to study both analytically and numerically. While the simulation of ferromagnetic statistical mechanical models benefits greatly from cluster algorithms, these accelerated dynamics methods remain elusive for generic spin-glass-like systems. Here we present a cluster algorithm for Ising spin glasses that works in any space dimension and speeds up thermalization by several orders of magnitude at temperatures where thermalization is typically difficult. Our isoenergetic cluster moves are based on the Houdayer cluster algorithm for two-dimensional spin glasses and lead to a speedup over conventional state-of-the-art methods that increases with the system size. We illustrate the benefits of the isoenergetic cluster moves in two and three space dimensions, as well as the nonplanar Chimera topology found in the D-Wave quantum annealing machine.
Team Massachusetts Brings a Fourth Dimension to the Solar Decathlon
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Team Massachusetts is bringing a unique perspective to the Solar Decathlon this fall. You might say it is a fourth dimension because of the team’s newly constructed 4D Home. But it could also be argued that it is because the Massachusetts College of Art and Design and University of Massachusetts Lowell are collaborating for the team’s first entry into the biannual competition, and they’re both public institutions.
A topological metric in 2+1-dimensions
Mazharimousavi, S Habib
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Real-valued triplet of scalar fields as source gives rise to a metric which tilts the scalar, not the light cone, in 2+1-dimensions. The topological metric is static, regular and characterized by an integer $\\kappa =\\pm 1,\\pm 2,...$. The problem is formulated as a harmonic map of Riemannian manifolds in which the integer $\\kappa $ equals to the degree of the map.
General relativity in two dimensions: A Hamilton-Jacobi analysis
Bertin, M.C., E-mail: mcbertin@gmail.co [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, UNESP - Sao Paulo State University, Caixa Postal 70532-2, 01156-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Pimentel, B.M., E-mail: pimentel@ift.unesp.b [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, UNESP - Sao Paulo State University, Caixa Postal 70532-2, 01156-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Pompeia, P.J., E-mail: pedro.pompeia@gmail.co [Divisao de Confiabilidade Metrologica Aeroespacial - Instituto de Fomento e Coordenacao Industrial, Praca Marechal Eduardo Gomes, 50 - Vila das Acacias, 12228-901 Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil)
2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
We analyzed the constraint structure of the Einstein-Hilbert first-order action in two dimensions using the Hamilton-Jacobi approach. We were able to find a set of involutive, as well as a set of non-involutive constraints. Using generalized brackets we showed how to assure integrability of the theory, to eliminate the set of non-involutive constraints and how to build the field equations.
Particles, Waves and Vacuum in Five Dimensions: A Status Report
Paul S. Wesson
2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
Since the 5D canonical metric embeds all 4D vacuum solutions of Einstein's equations, I review its application to the cosmological 'constant', quantized particles, deBroglie waves, scalar fields and wave-particle duality. There are several ways to ra-tionalize these things using an extra dimension. A possible explanation of wave-particle duality is that an observed particle manifests two isometries of flat 5D space in different 4D ways, one with waves and one without.
The Fractal Dimension of the Spectrum of the Fibonacci Hamiltonian
David Damanik; Mark Embree; Anton Gorodetski; Serguei Tcheremchantsev
2007-05-02T23:59:59.000Z
We study the spectrum of the Fibonacci Hamiltonian and prove upper and lower bounds for its fractal dimension in the large coupling regime. These bounds show that as $\\lambda \\to \\infty$, $\\dim (\\sigma(H_\\lambda)) \\cdot \\log \\lambda$ converges to an explicit constant ($\\approx 0.88137$). We also discuss consequences of these results for the rate of propagation of a wavepacket that evolves according to Schr\\"odinger dynamics generated by the Fibonacci Hamiltonian.
Fractal Zeta Functions and Complex Dimensions of Relative Fractal Drums
Michel L. Lapidus; Goran Radunovi?; Darko Žubrini?
2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
The theory of 'zeta functions of fractal strings' has been initiated by the first author in the early 1990s, and developed jointly with his collaborators during almost two decades of intensive research in numerous articles and several monographs. In 2009, the same author introduced a new class of zeta functions, called `distance zeta functions', which since then, has enabled us to extend the existing theory of zeta functions of fractal strings and sprays to arbitrary bounded (fractal) sets in Euclidean spaces of any dimension. A natural and closely related tool for the study of distance zeta functions is the class of 'tube zeta functions', defined using the tube function of a fractal set. These three classes of zeta functions, under the name of 'fractal zeta functions', exhibit deep connections with Minkowski contents and upper box dimensions, as well as, more generally, with the complex dimensions of fractal sets. Further extensions include zeta functions of relative fractal drums, the box dimension of which can assume negative values, including minus infinity. We also survey some results concerning the existence of the meromorphic extensions of the spectral zeta functions of fractal drums, based in an essential way on earlier results of the first author on the spectral (or eigenvalue) asymptotics of fractal drums. It follows from these results that the associated spectral zeta function has a (nontrivial) meromorphic extension, and we use some of our results about fractal zeta functions to show the new fact according to which the upper bound obtained for the corresponding abscissa of meromorphic convergence is optimal. Finally, we conclude this survey article by proposing several open problems and directions for future research in this area.
Auto-Concealment of Supersymmetry in Extra Dimensions
Savas Dimopoulos; Kiel Howe; John March-Russell; James Scoville
2014-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
In supersymmetric (SUSY) theories with extra dimensions the visible energy in sparticle decays can be significantly reduced and its energy distribution broadened, thus significantly weakening the present collider limits on SUSY. The mechanism applies when the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) is a bulk state-- e.g. a bulk modulino, axino, or gravitino-- the size of the extra dimensions larger than ~$10^{-14}$ cm, and for a broad variety of visible sparticle spectra. In such cases the lightest ordinary supersymmetric particle (LOSP), necessarily a brane-localised state, decays to the Kaluza-Klein (KK) discretuum of the LSP. This dynamically realises the compression mechanism for hiding SUSY as decays into the more numerous heavier KK LSP states are favored. We find LHC limits on right-handed slepton LOSPs evaporate, while LHC limits on stop LOSPs weaken to ~350-410 GeV compared to ~700 GeV for a stop decaying to a massless LSP. Similarly, for the searches we consider, present limits on direct production of degenerate first and second generation squarks drop to ~450 GeV compared to ~800 GeV for a squark decaying to a massless LSP. Auto-concealment typically works for a fundamental gravitational scale of $M_*$~10-100 TeV, a scale sufficiently high that traditional searches for signatures of extra dimensions are mostly avoided. If superpartners are discovered, their prompt, displaced, or stopped decays can also provide new search opportunities for extra dimensions with the potential to reach $M_*$~$10^9$ GeV. This mechanism applies more generally than just SUSY theories, pertaining to any theory where there is a discrete quantum number shared by both brane and bulk sectors.
GL(n,R) Wormholes and Waves in Diverse Dimensions
Zhao-Long Wang; Jianwei Mei; H. Lu
2009-03-29T23:59:59.000Z
We construct the most general Ricci-flat metrics in (D+n) dimensions that preserve the R^{1,n-1}\\times SO(D) isometry. The equations of motion are governed by the system of a GL(n,\\R)/SO(1,n-1) scalar coset coupled to D-dimensional gravity. Among the solutions, we find a large class of smooth Lorentzian wormholes that connect two asymptotic flat spacetimes. In addition, we obtain new vacuum tachyonic wave solutions in D\\ge 4 dimensions, which fit the general definition of pp-waves in that there exists a covariantly constant null vector. The momenta of the tachyon waves are larger than their ADM masses. The world-volume of the tachyon wave is R^{1,2}, instead of R^{1,1} for the usual vacuum pp-wave. We show that the tachyon wave solutions admit no Killing spinors, except in D=4, in which case it preserves half of the supersymmetry. We also obtain a general class of p-brane wormhole and tachyon wave solutions where the R^{1,n-1} part of the spacetime lies in the the world-volume of the p-branes. These include examples of M-branes and D3-brane. Furthermore, we obtain AdS tachyon waves in D\\ge 4 dimensions.
Fractal dimensions of the galaxy distribution varying by steps?
Marie-Noelle Celerier; Reuben Thieberger
2005-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
The structure of the large scale distribution of the galaxies have been widely studied since the publication of the first catalogs. Since large redshift samples are available, their analyses seem to show fractal correlations up to the observational limits. The value of the fractal dimension(s) calculated by different authors have become the object of a large debate, as have been the value of the expected transition from fractality to a possible large scale homogeneity. Moreover, some authors have proposed that different scaling regimes might be discerned at different lenght scales. To go further on into this issue, we have applied the correlation integral method to the wider sample currently available. We therefore obtain a fractal dimension of the galaxy distribution which seems to vary by steps whose width might be related to the organization hierarchy observed for the galaxies. This result could explain some of the previous results obtained by other authors from the analyses of less complete catalogs and maybe reconcile their apparent discrepancy. However, the method applied here needs to be further checked, since it produces odd fluctuations at each transition scale, which need to be thoroughly explained.
DETERMINING THE FRACTAL DIMENSION OF A TIME SERIES WITH A NEURAL NET
Danon, Yaron
DETERMINING THE FRACTAL DIMENSION OF A TIME SERIES WITH A NEURAL NET MARK J. EMBRECHTS AND YARON and require expert interaction for interpreting the calculated fractal dimension. Artificial neural nets (ANN) offer a fast and elegant way to estimate the fractal dimension of a time series. A backpropagation net
Burrow fractal dimension and foraging success in subterranean rodents: a simulation
Burrow fractal dimension and foraging success in subterranean rodents: a simulation S. C. Le Comber. Fractal dimension, which describes how a burrow explores the surrounding area in a way that is independent assumed that burrows of high fractal dimension will be associated with greater foraging success, this has
Texas at Austin. University of
Fractal dimension unscreened angles measured for radial viscous fingering Olivier Praud Harry, USA #Received November 2004; published July 2005# have examined fractal patterns formed injection experiments. fractal dimension D 0 of pattern large r / 1.70Â±0.02. Further, generalized dimensions D pattern
Method of forming cavitated objects of controlled dimension
Anderson, Paul R. (Toledo, OH); Miller, Wayne J. (Ann Arbor, MI)
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A method of controllably varying the dimensions of cavitated objects such as hollow spherical shells wherein a precursor shell is heated to a temperature above the shell softening temperature in an ambient atmosphere wherein the ratio of gases which are permeable through the shell wall at that temperature to gases which are impermeable through the shell wall is substantially greater than the corresponding ratio for gases contained within the precursor shell. As the shell expands, the partial pressures of permeable gases internally and externally of the shell approach and achieve equilibrium, so that the final shell size depends solely upon the difference in impermeable gas partial pressures and shell surface tension.
Search for universal extra dimensions in ppbar collisions
Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; /Oklahoma U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; /Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd; /Florida State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D.; /Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; /St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K.; /Michigan U. /Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O.; /Northeastern U.; Aoki, Masato; /Fermilab; Askew, Andrew Warren; /Florida State U. /Stockholm U.
2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a search for Kaluza-Klein (KK) particles predicted by models with universal extra dimensions (UED) using a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 7.3 fb{sup -1}, collected by the D0 detector at a p{bar p} center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The decay chain of KK particles can lead to a final state with two muons of the same charge. This signature is used to set a lower limit on the compactification scale of R{sup -1} > 260 GeV in a minimal UED model.
Method of forming cavitated objects of controlled dimension
Anderson, P.R.; Miller, W.J.
1981-02-11T23:59:59.000Z
A method is disclosed of controllably varying the dimensions of cavitated objects such as hollow spherical shells wherein a precursor shell is heated to a temperature above the shell softening temperature in an ambient atmosphere wherein the ratio of gases which are permeable through the shell wall at that temperature to gases which are impermeable through the shell wall is substantially greater than the corresponding ratio for gases contained within the precursor shell. As the shell expands, the partial pressures of permeable gases internally and externally of the shell approach and achieve equilibrium, so that the final shell size depends solely upon the difference in impermeable gas partial pressures and shell surface tension.
Near field optical probe for critical dimension measurements
Stallard, B.R.; Kaushik, S.
1999-05-18T23:59:59.000Z
A resonant planar optical waveguide probe for measuring critical dimensions on an object in the range of 100 nm and below is disclosed. The optical waveguide includes a central resonant cavity flanked by Bragg reflector layers with input and output means at either end. Light is supplied by a narrow bandwidth laser source. Light resonating in the cavity creates an evanescent electrical field. The object with the structures to be measured is translated past the resonant cavity. The refractive index contrasts presented by the structures perturb the field and cause variations in the intensity of the light in the cavity. The topography of the structures is determined from these variations. 8 figs.
Fractal Dimensions for Continuous Time Random Walk Limits
Mark M. Meerschaert; Erkan Nane; Yimin Xiao
2011-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
In a continuous time random walk (CTRW), each random jump follows a random waiting time. CTRW scaling limits are time-changed processes that model anomalous diffusion. The outer process describes particle jumps, and the non-Markovian inner process (or time change) accounts for waiting times between jumps. This paper studies fractal properties of the sample functions of a time-changed process, and establishes some general results on the Hausdorff and packing dimensions of its range and graph. Then those results are applied to CTRW scaling limits.
Inert scalar dark matter in an extra dimension inspired model
R. A. Lineros; F. A. Pereira dos Santos
2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we analyze a dark matter model inspired by theories with extra dimensions. The dark matter candidate corresponds to the first Kaluza-Klein mode of a real scalar added to the Standard Model. The tower of new particles enriches the calculation of the relic abundance. For large mass splitting, the model converges to the predictions of the inert singlet dark matter model. For nearly degenerate mass spectrum, coannihilations increase the cross-sections used for direct and indirect dark matter searches. Moreover, the Kaluza-Klein zero mode can mix with the SM higgs and further constraints can be applied.
Dimensionally continued Oppenheimer-Snyder gravitational collapse II: solutions in odd dimensions
Anderson Ilha; Antares Kleber; Jose' P. S. Lemos
1999-02-18T23:59:59.000Z
The Lovelock gravity extends the theory of general relativity to higher dimensions in such a way that the field equations remain of second order. The theory has many constant coefficients with no a priori meaning. Nevertheless it is possible to reduce them to two, the cosmological constant and Newton's constant. In this process one separates theories in even dimensions from theories in odd dimensions. In a previous work gravitational collapse in even dimensions was analysed. In this work attention is given to odd dimensions. It is found that black holes also emerge as the final state of gravitational collapse of a regular dust fluid.
Black holes with gravitational hair in higher dimensions
Anabalon, Andres [Departamento de Ciencias Facultad de Artes Liberales, Facultad de Ingenieria y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibanez, Vina Del Mar (Chile); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut, Am Muehlenberg 1 D-14476 Golm (Germany); Canfora, Fabrizio [Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Casilla 1469 Valdivia (Chile); Giacomini, Alex; Oliva, Julio [Instituto de Ciencias Fisicas y Matematicas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia (Chile)
2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
A new class of vacuum black holes for the most general gravity theory leading to second order field equations in the metric in even dimensions is presented. These space-times are locally anti-de Sitter in the asymptotic region, and are characterized by a continuous parameter that does not enter in the conserve charges, nor it can be reabsorbed by a coordinate transformation: it is therefore a purely gravitational hair. The black holes are constructed as a warped product of a two-dimensional space-time, which resembles the r-t plane of the Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black hole, times a warp factor multiplying the metric of a D-2-dimensional Euclidean base manifold, which is restricted by a scalar equation. It is shown that all the Noether charges vanish. Furthermore, this is consistent with the Euclidean action approach: even though the black hole has a finite temperature, both the entropy and the mass vanish. Interesting examples of base manifolds are given in eight dimensions which are products of Thurston geometries, giving then a nontrivial topology to the black hole horizon. The possibility of introducing a torsional hair for these solutions is also discussed.
Dirac equation in low dimensions: The factorization method
J. A. Sanchez-Monroy; C. J. Quimbay
2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
We present a general approach to solve the (1+1) and (2+1)-dimensional Dirac equation in the presence of static scalar, pseudoscalar and gauge potentials, for the case in which the potentials have the same functional form and thus the factorization method can be applied. We show that the presence of electric potentials in the Dirac equation leads to a two Klein-Gordon equations including an energy-dependent potential. We then generalize the factorization method for the case of energy-dependent Hamiltonians. Additionally, the shape invariance is generalized for a specific class of energy-dependent Hamiltonians. We also present a condition for the absence of the Klein's paradox (stability of the Dirac sea), showing how Dirac particles in low dimensions can be confined for a wide family of potentials.
The Running coupling BFKL anomalous dimensions and splitting functions.
Thorne, Robert S
ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 01 03 21 0v 2 7 Ju n 20 01 Cavendish-HEP-01/03 The Running Coupling BFKL Anomalous Dimensions and Splitting Functions Robert S. Thorne1 Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HE, U... that it is is dominated by the NLO corrections at all values of x below about x = 0.01. For example, using the formulae in [11] the first few terms in the power series for P (x) go like xP (x,Q2) =?¯s + 2.4?¯4s?3/6 + 2.1?¯6s?5/120 + · · · ? ?¯s(0.43?¯s + 1.6?¯2s? + 11.7?...
Detecting Vanishing Dimensions Via Primordial Gravitational Wave Astronomy
Jonas R. Mureika; Dejan Stojkovic
2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z
Lower-dimensionality at higher energies has manifold theoretical advantages as recently pointed out. Moreover, it appears that experimental evidence may already exists for it - a statistically significant planar alignment of events with energies higher than TeV has been observed in some earlier cosmic ray experiments. We propose a robust and independent test for this new paradigm. Since (2+1)-dimensional spacetimes have no gravitational degrees of freedom, gravity waves cannot be produced in that epoch. This places a universal maximum frequency at which primordial waves can propagate, marked by the transition between dimensions. We show that this cut-off frequency may be accessible to future gravitational wave detectors such as LISA.
Higher Derivative Corrections to Charged Fluids in 2n Dimensions
Nabamita Banerjee; Suvankar Dutta; Akash Jain
2015-02-25T23:59:59.000Z
We study anomalous charged fluid in $2n$-dimensions ($n\\geq 2$) up to sub-leading derivative order. Only the effect of gauge anomaly is important at this order. Using the Euclidean partition function formalism, we find the constraints on different sub-leading order transport coefficients appearing in parity-even and odd sectors of the fluid. We introduce a new mechanism to count different fluid data at arbitrary derivative order. We show that only the knowledge of independent scalar-data is sufficient to find the constraints. In appendix we further extend this analysis to obtain fluid data at sub-sub-leading order (where both gauge and gravitational anomaly contribute) for parity-odd fluid.
Higher Derivative Corrections to Charged Fluids in 2n Dimensions
Banerjee, Nabamita; Jain, Akash
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study anomalous charged fluid in $2n$-dimensions ($n\\geq 2$) up to sub-leading derivative order. Only the effect of gauge anomaly is important at this order. Using the Euclidean partition function formalism, we find the constraints on different sub-leading order transport coefficients appearing in parity-even and odd sectors of the fluid. We introduce a new mechanism to count different fluid data at arbitrary derivative order. We show that only the knowledge of independent scalar-data is sufficient to find the constraints. In appendix we further extend this analysis to obtain fluid data at sub-sub-leading order (where both gauge and gravitational anomaly contribute) for parity-odd fluid.
Higher Derivative Corrections to Charged Fluids in 2n Dimensions
Nabamita Banerjee; Suvankar Dutta; Akash Jain
2015-01-31T23:59:59.000Z
We study anomalous charged fluid in $2n$-dimensions ($n\\geq 2$) up to sub-leading derivative order. Only the effect of gauge anomaly is important at this order. Using the Euclidean partition function formalism, we find the constraints on different sub-leading order transport coefficients appearing in parity-even and odd sectors of the fluid. We introduce a new mechanism to count different fluid data at arbitrary derivative order. We show that only the knowledge of independent scalar-data is sufficient to find the constraints. In appendix we further extend this analysis to obtain fluid data at sub-sub-leading order (where both gauge and gravitational anomaly contribute) for parity-odd fluid.
Accident at Three Mile Island: the human dimensions
Sills, D.L.; Wolf, C.P.; Shelanski, V.B. (eds.)
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 19 chapters, divided according to the following Parts: (1) Public Perceptions of Nuclear Energy; (2) Local Responses to Nuclear Plants; (3) Institutional Responsibilities for Nuclear Energy; (4) The Interaction of Social and Technical Systems; and (5) Implications for Public Policy. All of the abstracts will appear in Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA); three will appear in Energy Research Abstracts (ERA). At the request of the President's Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island (the Kemeny Commission), the Social Science Research Council commissioned social scientists to write a series of papers on the human dimensions of the event. This volume includes those papers, in revised and expanded form, and a comprehensive bibliography of published and unpublished social science research on the accident and its aftermath.
Scalar-Composite Model in 6 - 2?Dimensions
Keiichi Akama; Takashi Hattori
2006-08-12T23:59:59.000Z
We study the model of a composite-scalar made of a pair of scalar fields in 6-2 epsilon dimensions, using equivalence to the renormalizable three-elementary-scalar model under the "compositeness condition." In this model, the composite-scalar field is induced by the quantum effects through the vacuum polarization of elementary-scalar fields with 2N species. We first investigate scale dependences of the coupling constant and masses, in the renormalizable three-elementary-scalar model, and derive the results for the composite model by imposing the compositeness condition. The model exhibits the formerly found general property that the coupling constant of the composite field is independent of the scale.
Cross product in N Dimensions - the doublewedge product
Carlo Andrea Gonano; Riccardo Enrico Zich
2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z
The cross product frequently occurs in Physics and Engineering, since it has large applications in many contexts, e.g. for calculating angular momenta, torques, rotations, volumes etc. Though this mathematical operator is widely used, it is commonly expressed in a 3-D notation which gives rise to many paradoxes and difficulties. In fact, instead of other vector operators like scalar product, the cross product is defined just in 3-D space, it does not respect reflection rules and invokes the concept of "handedness". In this paper we are going to present an extension of cross product in an arbitrary number N of spatial Dimensions, different from the one adopted in the Exterior Algebra and explicitly designed for an easy calculus of moments.
Black holes in extra dimensions can decay on the bulk
A. K. Chaudhuri
2003-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
In the extra dimensional theories, with TeV scale Plank constant, black holes may be produced in the Large Hadron Collider experiments. We have argued that in the d-dimensional black hole, the intrinsically 4-dimensional brane fields do not see the same geometry at the horizon, as in a 4-dimensional space-time. Kaluza-Klein modes invades the brane and surroundings and the brane fields can be considered as a thermal system at the temperature of the black hole. From energy and entropy consideration, we show that whether or not a six-dimensional black hole will decay by emitting Kaluza-Klein modes or the standard model particles, will depend on the length scale of the extra dimensions as well as on the mass of the black hole. For higher dimensional black holes, Kaluza-Klein modes will dominate the decay.
Extra dimensions and neutrinoless double beta decay experiments
Gozdz, Marek; Kaminski, Wieslaw A.; Faessler, Amand [Theoretical Physics Department, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin (Poland); Institute fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)
2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The neutrinoless double beta decay is one of the few phenomena, belonging to the nonstandard physics, which is extensively being sought for in experiments. In the present paper the link between the half-life of the neutrinoless double beta decay and theories with large extra dimensions is explored. The use of the sensitivities of currently planned 0{nu}2{beta} experiments: DAMA, CANDLES, COBRA, DCBA, CAMEO, GENIUS, GEM, MAJORANA, MOON, CUORE, EXO, and XMASS, gives the possibility for a nondirect 'experimental' verification of various extra dimensional scenarios. We discuss also the results of the Heidelberg-Moscow Collaboration. The calculations are based on the Majorana neutrino mass generation mechanism in the Arkani-Hamed-Dimopoulos-Dvali model.
Deformations of infrared-conformal theories in two dimensions
Oscar Akerlund; Philippe de Forcrand
2014-10-05T23:59:59.000Z
We study two exactly solvable two-dimensional conformal models, the critical Ising model and the Sommerfield model, on the lattice. We show that finite-size effects are important and depend on the aspect ratio of the lattice. In particular, we demonstrate how to obtain the correct massless behavior from an infinite tower of finite-size-induced masses and show that it is necessary to first take the cylindrical geometry limit in order to get correct results. In the Sommerfield model we also introduce a mass deformation to measure the mass anomalous dimension, $\\gamma_m$. We find that the explicit scale breaking of the lattice setup induces corrections which must be taken into account in order to reproduce $\\gamma_m$ at the infrared fixed point. These results can be used to improve the methodology in the search for the conformal window in QCD-like theories with many flavors.
Brane solutions of a spherical sigma model in six dimensions
Hyun Min Lee; Antonios Papazoglou
2004-11-16T23:59:59.000Z
We explore solutions of six dimensional gravity coupled to a non-linear sigma model, in the presence of co-dimension two branes. We investigate the compactifications induced by a spherical scalar manifold and analyze the conditions under which they are of finite volume and singularity free. We discuss the issue of single-valuedness of the scalar fields and provide some special embedding of the scalar manifold to the internal space which solves this problem. These brane solutions furnish some self-tuning features, however they do not provide a satisfactory explanation of the vanishing of the effective four dimensional cosmological constant. We discuss the properties of this model in relation with the self-tuning example based on a hyperbolic sigma model.
Inhomogeneous Cooling of the Rough Granular Gas in Two Dimensions
Sudhir N. Pathak; Dibyendu Das; R. Rajesh
2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z
We study the inhomogeneous clustered regime of a freely cooling granular gas of rough particles in two dimensions using large-scale event driven simulations and scaling arguments. During collisions, rough particles dissipate energy in both the normal and tangential directions of collision. In the inhomogeneous regime, translational kinetic energy and the rotational energy decay with time $t$ as power-laws $t^{-\\theta_T}$ and $t^{-\\theta_R}$. We numerically determine $\\theta_T \\approx 1$ and $\\theta_R \\approx 1.6$, independent of the coefficients of restitution. The inhomogeneous regime of the granular gas has been argued to be describable by the ballistic aggregation problem, where particles coalesce on contact. Using scaling arguments, we predict $\\theta_T=1$ and $\\theta_R=1$ for ballistic aggregation, $\\theta_R$ being different from that obtained for the rough granular gas. Simulations of ballistic aggregation with rotational degrees of freedom are consistent with these exponents.
Fermion Generations from "Apple-Shaped" Extra Dimensions
Merab Gogberashvili; Pavle Midodashvili; Douglas Singleton
2007-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
We examine the behavior of fermions in the presence of an internal compact 2-manifold which in one of the spherical angles exhibits a conical character with an obtuse angle. The extra manifold can be pictured as an apple-like surface i.e. a sphere with an extra "wedge" insert. Such a surface has conical singularities at north and south poles. It is shown that for this setup one can obtain, in four dimensions, three trapped massless fermion modes which differ from each other by having different values of angular momentum with respect to the internal 2-manifold. The extra angular momentum acts as the family label and these three massless modes are interpreted as the three generations of fundamental fermions.
Anomalies of discrete symmetries in various dimensions and group cohomology
Anton Kapustin; Ryan Thorngren
2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z
We study 't Hooft anomalies for discrete global symmetries in bosonic theories in 2, 3 and 4 dimensions. We show that such anomalies may arise in gauge theories with topological terms in the action, if the total symmetry group is a nontrivial extension of the global symmetry by the gauge symmetry. Sometimes the 't Hooft anomaly for a d-dimensional theory with a global symmetry G can be canceled by anomaly inflow from a (d+1)-dimensional topological gauge theory with gauge group G. Such d-dimensional theories can live on the surfaces of Symmetry Protected Topological Phases. We also give examples of theories with more severe 't Hooft anomalies which cannot be canceled in this way.
Sart, Remi
Approaches to Quantum Gravity, Clermont-Ferrand, Jan. 6, 2014 Fractal dimensions of 2d quantum gravity Timothy Budd Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen. budd@nbi.dk, http://www.nbi.dk/~budd/ #12;Outline Introduction to 2d gravity Fractal dimensions Hausdorff dimension dh "TeichmÂ¨uller deformation dimension" d
The Need of Dark Energy for Dynamical Compactification of Extra Dimensions on the Brane
Cuadros-Melgar, B; Cuadros-Melgar, Bertha; Papantonopoulos, Eleftherios
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a six-dimensional braneworld model and we study the cosmological evolution of a (4+1) brane-universe. Introducing matter on the brane we show that the scale factor of the physical three-dimensional brane-universe is related to the scale factor of the fourth dimension on the brane, and the suppression of the extra dimension compared to the three dimensions requires the presence of dark energy.
The Need of Dark Energy for Dynamical Compactification of Extra Dimensions on the Brane
Bertha Cuadros-Melgar; Eleftherios Papantonopoulos
2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a six-dimensional braneworld model and we study the cosmological evolution of a (4+1) brane-universe. Introducing matter on the brane we show that the scale factor of the physical three-dimensional brane-universe is related to the scale factor of the fourth dimension on the brane, and the suppression of the extra dimension compared to the three dimensions requires the presence of dark energy.
E-Print Network 3.0 - address human dimensions Sample Search...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
ON IMAGE PROCESSSING, VOL. 9, NO. 3, MARCH 2000 417 The Vocabulary and Grammar of Color Patterns Summary: , and 11. This dimension also highlights the sensitivity of the...
Gauge symmetries decrease the number of Dp-brane dimensions
Nikolic, B.; Sazdovic, B. [Institute of Physics, 11001 Belgrade, P.O. Box 57 (Serbia and Montenegro)
2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
It is known that the presence of the antisymmetric background field B{sub {mu}}{sub {nu}} leads to the noncommutativity of the Dp-brane manifold. The addition of the linear dilaton field in the form {phi}(x)={phi}{sub 0}+a{sub {mu}}x{sup {mu}} causes the appearance of the commutative Dp-brane coordinate x=a{sub {mu}}x{sup {mu}}. In the present article we show that for some particular choices of the background fields, a{sup 2}{identical_to}G{sup {mu}}{sup {nu}}a{sub {mu}}a{sub {nu}}=0 and a-tilde{sup 2}{identical_to}[(G-4BG{sup -1}B){sup -1}]{sup {mu}}{sup {nu}}a{sub {mu}}a{sub {nu}}=0, the local gauge symmetries appear in the theory. They turn some Neuman boundary conditions into the Dirichlet ones, and consequently decrease the number of the Dp-brane dimensions.
Extra Dimensions: 3D and Time in PDF Documentation
Graf, Norman A.; /SLAC
2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
High energy physics is replete with multi-dimensional information which is often poorly represented by the two dimensions of presentation slides and print media. Past efforts to disseminate such information to a wider audience have failed for a number of reasons, including a lack of standards which are easy to implement and have broad support. Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) has in recent years become the de facto standard for secure, dependable electronic information exchange. It has done so by creating an open format, providing support for multiple platforms and being reliable and extensible. By providing support for the ECMA standard Universal 3D (U3D) file format in its free Adobe Reader software, Adobe has made it easy to distribute and interact with 3D content. By providing support for scripting and animation, temporal data can also be easily distributed to a wide audience. In this talk, we present examples of HEP applications which take advantage of this functionality. We demonstrate how 3D detector elements can be documented, using either CAD drawings or other sources such as GEANT visualizations as input. Using this technique, higher dimensional data, such as LEGO plots or time-dependent information can be included in PDF files. In principle, a complete event display, with full interactivity, can be incorporated into a PDF file. This would allow the end user not only to customize the view and representation of the data, but to access the underlying data itself.
Refinements of the Weyl tensor classification in five dimensions
Alan Coley; Sigbjorn Hervik; Marcello Ortaggio; Lode Wylleman
2012-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
We refine the null alignment classification of the Weyl tensor of a five-dimensional spacetime. The paper focusses on the algebraically special alignment types {\\bf {N}}, {\\bf {III}}, {\\bf {II}} and {\\bf {D}}, while types {\\bf {I}} and {\\bf {G}} are briefly discussed. A first refinement is provided by the notion of spin type of the components of highest boost weight. Second, we analyze the Segre types of the Weyl operator acting on bivector space and examine the intersection with the spin type classification. We present a full treatment for types {\\bf {N}} and {\\bf {III}}, and illustrate the classification from different viewpoints (Segre type, rank, spin type) for types {\\bf {II}} and {\\bf {D}}, paying particular attention to possible nilpotence, which is a new feature of higher dimensions. We also point out other essential differences with the four-dimensional case. In passing, we exemplify the refined classification by mentioning the special subtypes associated to certain important spacetimes, such as Myers-Perry black holes, black strings, Robinson-Trautman spacetimes, and purely electric/magnetic type {\\bf {D}} spacetimes.
Thermodynamics of SU(3) Gauge Theory in 2 + 1 Dimensions
P. Bialas; L. Daniel; A. Morel; B. Petersson
2008-07-21T23:59:59.000Z
The pressure, and the energy and entropy densities are determined for the SU(3) gauge theory in $2 + 1$ dimensions from lattice Monte Carlo calculations in the interval $0.6 \\leq T/T_c \\leq 15$. The finite temperature lattices simulated have temporal extent $N_\\tau = 2, 4, 6$ and 8, and spatial volumes $N_S^2$ such that the aspect ratio is $N_S/N_\\tau = 8$. To obtain the thermodynamical quantities, we calculate the averages of the temporal plaquettes $P_\\tau$ and the spatial plaquettes $P_S$ on these lattices. We also need the zero temperature averages of the plaquettes $P_0$, calculated on symmetric lattices with $N_\\tau = N_S$. We discuss in detail the finite size ($N_S$-dependent) effects. These disappear exponentially. For the zero temperature lattices we find that the coefficient of $N_S$ in the exponent is of the order of the glueball mass. On the finite temperature lattices it lies between the two lowest screening masses. For the aspect ratio equal to eight, the systematic errors coming from the finite size effects are much smaller than our statistical errors. We argue that in the continuum limit, at high enough temperature, the pressure can be parametrized by the very simple formula $p=a-bT_c/T$ where $a$ and $b$ are two constants. Using the thermodynamical identities for a large homogeneous system, this parametrization then determines the other thermodynamical variables in the same temperature range.
Dimensions of Usability: Cougaar, Aglets and Adaptive Agent Architecture (AAA)
Haack, Jereme N.; Cowell, Andrew J.; Gorton, Ian
2004-06-20T23:59:59.000Z
Research and development organizations are constantly evaluating new technologies in order to implement the next generation of advanced applications. At Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, agent technologies are perceived as an approach that can provide a competitive advantage in the construction of highly sophisticated software systems in a range of application areas. An important factor in selecting a successful agent architecture is the level of support it provides the developer in respect to developer support, examples of use, integration into current workflow and community support. Without such assistance, the developer must invest more effort into learning instead of applying the technology. Like many other applied research organizations, our staff are not dedicated to a single project and must acquire new skills as required, underlining the importance of being able to quickly become proficient. A project was instigated to evaluate three candidate agent toolkits across the dimensions of support they provide. This paper reports on the outcomes of this evaluation and provides insights into the agent technologies evaluated.
Smoothed Particle Magnetohydrodynamics I. Algorithms and tests in one dimension
D. J. Price; J. J. Monaghan
2003-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we show how the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) equations for ideal magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) can be written in conservation form with the positivity of the dissipation guaranteed. We call the resulting algorithm Smoothed Particle Magnetohydrodynamics (SPMHD). The equations appear to be accurate, robust and easy to apply and do not suffer from the instabilities known to exist previously in formulations of the SPMHD equations. In addition we formulate our MHD equations such that errors associated with non-zero divergence of the magnetic field are naturally propagated by the flow and should therefore remain small. In this and a companion paper (Price and Monaghan 2003b) we present a wide range of numerical tests in one dimension to show that the algorithm gives very good results for one dimensional flows in both adiabatic and isothermal MHD. For the one dimensional tests the field structure is either two or three dimensional. The algorithm has many astrophysical applications and is particularly suited to star formation problems.
Global Fits of the Minimal Universal Extra Dimensions Scenario
Bertone, Gianfranco; /Zurich U. /Paris, Inst. Astrophys.; Kong, Kyoungchul; /SLAC /Kansas U.; de Austri, Roberto Ruiz; /Valencia U., IFIC; Trotta, Roberto; /Imperial Coll., London
2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
In theories with Universal Extra-Dimensions (UED), the {gamma}{sub 1} particle, first excited state of the hypercharge gauge boson, provides an excellent Dark Matter (DM) candidate. Here we use a modified version of the SuperBayeS code to perform a Bayesian analysis of the minimal UED scenario, in order to assess its detectability at accelerators and with DM experiments. We derive in particular the most probable range of mass and scattering cross sections off nucleons, keeping into account cosmological and electroweak precision constraints. The consequences for the detectability of the {gamma}{sub 1} with direct and indirect experiments are dramatic. The spin-independent cross section probability distribution peaks at {approx} 10{sup -11} pb, i.e. below the sensitivity of ton-scale experiments. The spin-dependent cross-section drives the predicted neutrino flux from the center of the Sun below the reach of present and upcoming experiments. The only strategy that remains open appears to be direct detection with ton-scale experiments sensitive to spin-dependent cross-sections. On the other hand, the LHC with 1 fb{sup -1} of data should be able to probe the current best-fit UED parameters.
Instabilities of (near) extremal rotating black holes in higher dimensions
Stefan Hollands; Akihiro Ishibashi
2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
Recently, Durkee and Reall have conjectured a criterion for linear instability of rotating, extremal, asymptotically Minkowskian black holes in $d\\ge 4$ dimensions, such as the Myers-Perry black holes. They considered a certain elliptic operator, $\\cal A$, acting on symmetric traceless tensors intrinsic to the horizon. Based in part on numerical evidence, they suggested that if the lowest eigenvalue, $\\lambda$, of this operator is less than the critical value $-1/4$ ( called "effective BF-bound"), then the black hole is linearly unstable. In this paper, we prove their conjecture. Our proof uses a combination of methods such as (i) the "canonical energy method" of Hollands-Wald, (ii) algebraically special properties of the near horizon geometries associated with the black hole, and (iii) the structure of the (linearized) constraint equations. Our method of proof is also applicable to rotating, extremal asymptotically Anti-deSitter black holes. In that case, our methods show that "all" such black holes are unstable. Although we explicitly discuss in this paper only extremal black holes, we argue that our methods can be generalized straightforwardly to obtain the same results for "near" extremal black holes.
Change of order for regular chains in positive dimension Xavier Dahan , Xin Jin
Moreno Maza, Marc
in dimension zero; ·Newton-Hensel lifting. Basic setup Let V be an irreducible variety of dimension r, defined, . . . , yr) kr , Ts(y, Z1, . . . , Zs) ... T1(y, Z1) Specialize and lift paradigm: intermediate computations. lift v in T; [dim. 1] 3. specialize w at a random value. [dim. 0] Algorithm Input. ·A regular chain Tin
MEAN DIMENSION, MEAN RANK, AND VON NEUMANN-L UCK RANK
Li, Hanfeng
MEAN DIMENSION, MEAN RANK, AND VON NEUMANN-L Â¨UCK RANK HANFENG LI AND BINGBING LIANG Abstract. We introduce an invariant, called mean rank, for any module M of the integral group ring of a discrete amenable group , as an analogue of the rank of an abelian group. It is shown that the mean dimension
DIMENSIONS: Why do we need a new Data Handling architecture for Sensor Networks?
Ganesan, Deepak
DIMENSIONS: Why do we need a new Data Handling architecture for Sensor Networks? Deepak Ganesan incorporate their ex- treme resource constraints - energy, storage and processing - and spatio-temporal interpretation of the physical world in the design, cost model, and metrics of evaluation. We describe DIMENSIONS
On ascertaining inductively the dimension of the joint kernel of certain commuting linear operators
Shen, Zuowei
On ascertaining inductively the dimension of the joint kernel of certain commuting linear operators), and a collection f`xgx2X of commuting linear maps on some linear space, the family of linear operators whose joint DMS-9000053, DMS-9102857. i #12;proposed running head: dimension of joint kernels Proofs should
Quasi-linear symmetric hyperbolic Fuchsian systems in several space dimensions
Ellery Ames; Florian Beyer; James Isenberg; Philippe G. LeFloch
2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z
We establish existence and uniqueness results for the singular initial value problem associated with a class of quasilinear, symmetric hyperbolic, partial differential equations of Fuchsian type in several space dimensions. This is an extension of earlier work by the authors for the same problem in one space dimension.
Texas at Austin. University of
Fractal dimension and unscreened angles measured for radial viscous fingering Olivier Praud fractal patterns formed by the injection of air into oil in a thin 0.127 mm layer contained between two reaches r/b=900, are far larger than in past experiments. The fractal dimension D0 of the pattern
WILD ALGEBRAS HAVE ONE-POINT EXTENSIONS OF REPRESENTATION DIMENSION AT LEAST FOUR
Oppermann, Steffen
WILD ALGEBRAS HAVE ONE-POINT EXTENSIONS OF REPRESENTATION DIMENSION AT LEAST FOUR STEFFEN OPPERMANN Abstract. We show that any wild algebra has a one-point exten- sion of representation dimension at least between tame and wild representation type is another way of saying "how infinite" the representation
PHYSICAL REVIEW B 86, 184504 (2012) Topological excitonic superfluids in three dimensions
Gilbert, Matthew
PHYSICAL REVIEW B 86, 184504 (2012) Topological excitonic superfluids in three dimensions Youngseok exciton condensates within time-reversal invariant topological insulators in three spatial dimensions two-dimensional (2D) Dirac surface states separated by an insulating spacer.22Â26 Yet the existence
The Hausdorff dimension of the double points on the Brownian frontier
The Hausdorff dimension of the double points on the Brownian frontier Richard Kiefer RWE Power AG: The frontier of a planar Brownian motion is the boundary of the unbounded component of the complement of its range. In this paper we find the Hausdorff dimension of the set of double points on the frontier. MSC
The Dimension of the Brownian Frontier is Greater Than 1. Christopher J.
Pemantle, Robin
The Dimension of the Brownian Frontier is Greater Than 1. Christopher J. Bishopwithout loss of California. Abstract Consider a planar Brownian motion run for finite time. The frontier or ``outer boundary that the frontier has infinite length. We improve this by showing that the Hausdorff dimension of the frontier
Comment on the shape of Hydrogen equation in spaces of arbitrary dimension
M. Ya. Amusia
2015-02-20T23:59:59.000Z
We note that presenting Hydrogen atom Schrodinger equation in the case of arbitrary dimensions require simultaneous modification of the Coulomb potential that only in three dimensions has the form Z/r . This was not done in a number of relatively recent papers [1-5]. Therefore some results obtained there seem to be doubtful. Some required considerations in the area are mentioned.
THE DEVIL’S STAIRCASE DIMENSIONS AND MEASURE-THEORETICAL ENTROPY OF MAPS WITH HORIZONTAL GAP
Jung-chao Ban; Song-sun Lin
Abstract. This work elucidates the measure-theoretical entropy and dimensions of a unimodal map with a horizontal gap. The measure-theoretical entropy and dimensions of the Ft (which is defined later)are shown to form a devil’s staircase structure with respect to the gap size t. Pesin’s formula for gap maps is also considered. 1.
Process Dimension of Classical and Non-Commutative Processes Wolfgang Lohr1,2
#12;Process Dimension of Classical and Non-Commutative Processes Wolfgang L¨ohr1,2 Arleta Szkola1-commutative generalisation, which we call NC-OOMs. A natural characteristic of a stochastic process in the context of classical OOM theory is the process dimension. We investigate its properties within the more general
Asymptotic High Energy Total Cross Sections and Theories with Extra Dimensions
J. Swain; A. Widom; Y. Srivastava
2014-10-05T23:59:59.000Z
The rate at which cross sections grow with energy is sensitive to the presence of extra dimensions in a rather model-independent fashion. We examine how rates would be expected to grow if there are more spatial dimensions than 3 which appear at some energy scale, making connections with black hole physics and string theory. We also review what is known about the corresponding generalization of the Froissart-Martin bound and the experimental status of high energy hadronic cross sections which appear to saturate it up to the experimentally accessible limit of 100 TeV. We discuss how extra dimensions can be searched for in high energy cross section data and find no room for large extra dimensions in present data. Any apparent signatures of extra dimensions at the LHC may have to be interpreted as due to some other form of new physics.
Efficient Scheme of Experimental Quantifying non-Markovianity in High-Dimension Systems
S. -J. Dong; B. -H. Liu; Y. -N. Sun; Y. -J. Han; G. -C. Guo; Lixin He
2015-01-29T23:59:59.000Z
The non-Markovianity is a prominent concept of the dynamics of the open quantum systems, which is of fundamental importance in quantum mechanics and quantum information. Despite of lots of efforts, the experimentally measuring of non-Markovianity of an open system is still limited to very small systems. Presently, it is still impossible to experimentally quantify the non-Markovianity of high dimension systems with the widely used Breuer-Laine-Piilo (BLP) trace distance measure. In this paper, we propose a method, combining experimental measurements and numerical calculations, that allow quantifying the non-Markovianity of a $N$ dimension system only scaled as $N^2$, successfully avoid the exponential scaling with the dimension of the open system in the current method. After the benchmark with a two-dimension open system, we demonstrate the method in quantifying the non-Markovanity of a high dimension open quantum random walk system.
Low dimension structures and devices for new generation photonic technology
Zhang, D. H.; Tang, D. Y.; Chen, T. P. [School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 679798 (Singapore); Mei, T. [Institute of Optoelectronic Materials and Technology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631 (China); Yuan, X. C. [Institute of Modern Optics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China)
2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Low dimensional structures and devices are the key technological building blocks for new generation of electronic and photonic technology. Such structures and devices show novel properties and can be integrated into systems for wide applications in many areas, including medical, biological and military and advancement of science. In this invited talk, I will present the main results achieved in our competitive research program which aims to explore the application of the mesoscopic structures in light source, manipulation and imaging and integrate them into advanced systems. In the light source aspect, we have for the first time developed graphene mode-locked lasers which are in the process of commercialization. Nanocrystal Si embedded in dielectrics was formed by ion implantation and subsequent annealing. Si light emitting devices with external quantum efficiency of about 2.9×10{sup ?3}% for visible emission were demonstrated at room temperature and the color of emitted light can be tuned electrically from violet to white by varying the injected current. In light manipulation, loss compensation of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) using quantum well (QW) gain media was studied theoretically and demonstrated experimentally. The SPP propagation length was effectively elongated several times through electrical pumping. One and two microring resonators based on silicon on insulator and III-V semiconductors technologies have been successfully fabricated and they can be used as filter and switch in the photonic circuit. In imaging, both SPP and low dimension structures are investigated and resolution far beyond diffraction limit in visible range has been realized. The integration of the components in the three aspects into complicated systems is on the way.
Human dimensions in cyber operations research and development priorities.
Forsythe, James Chris; Silva, Austin Ray; Stevens-Adams, Susan Marie; Bradshaw, Jeffrey [Institute for Human and Machine Cognition
2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Within cyber security, the human element represents one of the greatest untapped opportunities for increasing the effectiveness of network defenses. However, there has been little research to understand the human dimension in cyber operations. To better understand the needs and priorities for research and development to address these issues, a workshop was conducted August 28-29, 2012 in Washington DC. A synthesis was developed that captured the key issues and associated research questions. Research and development needs were identified that fell into three parallel paths: (1) human factors analysis and scientific studies to establish foundational knowledge concerning factors underlying the performance of cyber defenders; (2) development of models that capture key processes that mediate interactions between defenders, users, adversaries and the public; and (3) development of a multi-purpose test environment for conducting controlled experiments that enables systems and human performance measurement. These research and development investments would transform cyber operations from an art to a science, enabling systems solutions to be engineered to address a range of situations. Organizations would be able to move beyond the current state where key decisions (e.g. personnel assignment) are made on a largely ad hoc basis to a state in which there exist institutionalized processes for assuring the right people are doing the right jobs in the right way. These developments lay the groundwork for emergence of a professional class of cyber defenders with defined roles and career progressions, with higher levels of personnel commitment and retention. Finally, the operational impact would be evident in improved performance, accompanied by a shift to a more proactive response in which defenders have the capacity to exert greater control over the cyber battlespace.
The Local Dimension: a method to quantify the Cosmic Web
Prakash Sarkar; Somnath Bharadwaj
2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z
It is now well accepted that the galaxies are distributed in filaments, sheets and clusters all of which form an interconnected network known as the Cosmic Web. It is a big challenge to quantify the shapes of the interconnected structural elements that form this network. Tools like the Minkowski functionals which use global properties, though well suited for an isolated object like a single sheet or filament, are not suited for an interconnected network of such objects. We consider the Local Dimension $D$, defined through $N(R)=A R^D$, where $N(R)$ is the galaxy number count within a sphere of comoving radius $R$ centered on a particular galaxy, as a tool to locally quantify the shape in the neigbourhood of different galaxies along the Cosmic Web. We expect $D \\sim 1,2$ and 3 for a galaxy located in a filament, sheet and cluster respectively. Using LCDM N-body simulations we find that it is possible to determine $D$ through a power law fit to $N(R)$ across the length-scales 2 to $10 {\\rm Mpc}$ for $\\sim 33 %$ of the galaxies. We have visually identified the filaments and sheets corresponding to many of the galaxies with $D \\sim 1$ and 2 respectively. In several other situations the structure responsible for the $D$ value could not be visually identified, either due to its being tenuous or due to other dominating structures in the vicinity. We also show that the global distribution of the $D$ values can be used to visualize and interpret how the different structural elements are woven into the Cosmic Web.
Fractal Dimensions of a Weakly Clustered Distribution and the Scale of Homogeneity
J. S. Bagla; Jaswant Yadav; T. R. Seshadri
2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
Homogeneity and isotropy of the universe at sufficiently large scales is a fundamental premise on which modern cosmology is based. Fractal dimensions of matter distribution is a parameter that can be used to test the hypothesis of homogeneity. In this method, galaxies are used as tracers of the distribution of matter and samples derived from various galaxy redshift surveys have been used to determine the scale of homogeneity in the Universe. Ideally, for homogeneity, the distribution should be a mono-fractal with the fractal dimension equal to the ambient dimension. While this ideal definition is true for infinitely large point sets, this may not be realised as in practice, we have only a finite point set. The correct benchmark for realistic data sets is a homogeneous distribution of a finite number of points and this should be used in place of the mathematically defined fractal dimension for infinite number of points (D) as a requirement for approach towards homogeneity. We derive the expected fractal dimension for a homogeneous distribution of a finite number of points. We show that for sufficiently large data sets the expected fractal dimension approaches D in absence of clustering. It is also important to take the weak, but non-zero amplitude of clustering at very large scales into account. In this paper we also compute the expected fractal dimension for a finite point set that is weakly clustered. Clustering introduces departures in the Fractal dimensions from D and in most situations the departures are small if the amplitude of clustering is small. Features in the two point correlation function, like those introduced by Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAO) can lead to non-trivial variations in the Fractal dimensions where the amplitude of clustering and deviations from D are no longer related in a monotonic manner.
Extending the Standard Model Effective Field Theory with the Complete Set of Dimension-7 Operators
Landon Lehman
2014-12-26T23:59:59.000Z
We present a complete list of the independent dimension-7 operators that are constructed using the Standard Model degrees of freedom and are invariant under the Standard Model gauge group. This list contains only 20 independent operators; far fewer than the 63 operators available at dimension 6. All of these dimension-7 operators contain fermions and violate lepton number, and 7 of the 20 violate baryon number as well. This result extends the Standard Model Effective Field Theory (SMEFT) and allows a more detailed exploration of the structure and properties of possible deformations from the Standard Model Lagrangian.
Arne Goedeke; Alan D. Rendall
2010-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
It is known that all spatially homogeneous solutions of the vacuum Einstein equations in four dimensions which exist for an infinite proper time towards the future are future geodesically complete. This paper investigates whether the analogous statement holds in higher dimensions. A positive answer to this question is obtained for a large class of models which can be studied with the help of Kaluza-Klein reduction to solutions of the Einstein-scalar field equations in four dimensions. The proof of this result makes use of a criterion for geodesic completeness which is applicable to more general spatially homogeneous models.
Chakhlov, V.L.; Kashovskii, V.V.; Pushin, V.S.
1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The authors discuss the results of refinement of the dynamics of particles of a beam extracted from a betatron, a refinement which has made it possible to select the main dimensions of the accelerating chamber. Expressions are obtained which make it possible to determine the chamber dimensions and the profile of the extraction window from the distribution of the magnetic field of the betatron. It is shown that proper selection of the dimensions will increase the dose rate at the exit from the magnetic core of the accelerator.
Bowman, Adam Shoresworth
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
??We study the Born-Oppenheimer approximation for a symmetric linear triatomic molecule in two space dimensions. We compute energy levels up to errors of order Îµ5,… (more)
Dimensionally continued Oppenheimer-Snyder gravitational collapse. I - solutions in even dimensions
Anderson Ilha; Jose' P. S. Lemos
1996-08-02T23:59:59.000Z
The extension of the general relativity theory to higher dimensions, so that the field equations for the metric remain of second order, is done through the Lovelock action. This action can also be interpreted as the dimensionally continued Euler characteristics of lower dimensions. The theory has many constant coefficients apparently without any physical meaning. However, it is possible, in a natural way, to reduce to two (the cosmological and Newton's constant) these several arbitrary coefficients, yielding a restricted Lovelock gravity. In this process one separates theories in even dimensions from theories in odd dimensions. These theories have static black hole solutions. In general relativity, black holes appear as the final state of gravitational collapse. In this work, gravitational collapse of a regular dust fluid in even dimensional restricted Lovelock gravity is studied. It is found that black holes emerge as the final state for these regular initial conditions.
Baca, David Ray
2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z
must also be satisfied with transactions between the employees, or internal service quality. Those dimensions of internal service quality, or the satisfaction employees feel with each other, have not been described in a higher education setting...
Dimension Reduction with Gene Expression Data Using Targeted Variable Importance Measurement
Wang, Hui; van der Laan, Mark J
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and we refer to it as the TMLE-VIM procedure. 1. Obtain theResults: We propose a TMLE-VIM dimension reduction procedureimportance measurement (VIM) in the frame work of targeted
An Examination of Magical Beliefs as Predictors of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptom Dimensions
Spears, Lauren
2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
study improved on methodological limitations of previous studies and used the Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DOCS) to conceptualize OCD as a dimensional construct. Relationships between magical belief constructs and four OCD symptom dimensions...
E-Print Network 3.0 - altered nanotube dimension Sample Search...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
nanotube dimension Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Thermal conductivity of B-C-N and BN nanotubes C. W. Changa Summary: Thermal conductivity of B-C-N and BN nanotubes C. W. Changa...
Non-differentiability of devil's staircases and dimensions of subsets of Moran sets
Li, Wenxia
Non-differentiability of devil's staircases and dimensions of subsets of Moran referred to as the Devil's staircase (for a = 1_3): F (x) = ~([0; x]); x 2 [0; 1
Non-di erentiability of devil's staircases and dimensions of subsets of Moran sets
Li, Wenxia
Non-di#11;erentiability of devil's staircases and dimensions of subsets of Moran sets Wenxia Li, #3. Consider the distribution function which is often referred to as the Devil's staircase (for a = 1 3 ): F (x
Gauge Fields Emerging From Extra Dimensions a Born-Oppenheimer approach
T. Hatsuda; H. Kuratsuji
1994-09-09T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a dynamical mechanism to induce gauge fields in four dimensional space-time from a single scalar field or a spinor field in higher dimensions. The Born-Oppenheimer treatment of the extra dimensions is an essential ingredient in our approach. A possible applications of the idea to low dimensional condensed matter systems and high temperature field theory are also pointed out. This paper is an extended version of our previous unpublished work (SUNY-NTG-89-48, Jan. 1990).
Kitchen layout and dimensions for the ambulatory and wheelchair-bound elderly
Resendiz, Anita Janice
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
KITCHEN LAYOUT AND DIMENSIONS FOR THE Al&ULATORY AND WHEELCHAIR-BOUND ELDERLY A Thesis ANITA JANICE RESENDIZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August ' 9BS Major Subject: Industrial Engineering KITCHEN LAYOUT AND DIMENSIONS FOR THE AMBULATORY AND WHEELCHAIR-BOUND ELDERLY A Thesis by ANITA JANICE RESENDIZ Approved as to style and content by: R. D. uchings n (Chairman) G. Bayliss...
Dimensions of Brand Personality: A New Measure of Brand Personality in Sport
Kang, Chanho
2013-07-25T23:59:59.000Z
encoded in language as words associated with the brands (Caprara, Barbaranelli, & Guido, 2001; Goldberg, 1990). Through the lexical approach in psychology, Aaker (1997) performed an exploratory factor analysis in order to generate brand personality... researchers have found that the number of human personality dimensions could be grouped in terms of five major dimensions named by the Big Five (Goldberg, 1990; John, 1990; Ashton & Lee, 2005; Ashton, Lee, & Goldberg, 2004), which include five factors: (a...
On the Fractal Dimension of Isosurfaces Marc Khoury and Rephael Wenger
Wenger, Rephael
On the Fractal Dimension of Isosurfaces Marc Khoury and Rephael Wenger 2 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3 0 50 100 150 200 250 1 10 100 1000 10000 0 50 100 150 200 250 Fractal dimension Topological Noise (Number of Components) Isovalue 60 Isovalue 68 Isovalue 72 Fig. 1: Visible male data set (www.stereofx.org): Fractal box
Fractal dimension of the topological charge density distribution in SU(2) lattice gluodynamics
P. V. Buividovich; T. Kalaydzhyan; M. I. Polikarpov
2012-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
We study the effect of cooling on the spatial distribution of the topological charge density in quenched SU(2) lattice gauge theory with overlap fermions. We show that as the gauge field configurations are cooled, the Hausdorff dimension of regions where the topological charge is localized gradually changes from d = 2..3 towards the total space dimension. Therefore, the cooling procedure destroys some of the essential properties of the topological charge distribution.
Entanglement Entropy of Gapped Phases and Topological Order in Three dimensions
Tarun Grover; Ari M. Turner; Ashvin Vishwanath
2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss entanglement entropy of gapped ground states in different dimensions, obtained on partitioning space into two regions. For trivial phases without topological order, we argue that the entanglement entropy may be obtained by integrating an `entropy density' over the partition boundary that admits a gradient expansion in the curvature of the boundary. This constrains the expansion of entanglement entropy as a function of system size, and points to an even-odd dependence on dimensionality. For example, in contrast to the familiar result in two dimensions, a size independent constant contribution to the entanglement entropy can appear for trivial phases in any odd spatial dimension. We then discuss phases with topological entanglement entropy (TEE) that cannot be obtained by adding local contributions. We find that in three dimensions there is just one type of TEE, as in two dimensions, that depends linearly on the number of connected components of the boundary (the `zeroth Betti number'). In D > 3 dimensions, new types of TEE appear which depend on the higher Betti numbers of the boundary manifold. We construct generalized toric code models that exhibit these TEEs and discuss ways to extract TEE in D >=3.
DIMENSION AS A KEY TO THE NEUTRINO MECHANISM OF CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVA EXPLOSIONS
Nordhaus, J.; Burrows, A. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Almgren, A.; Bell, J., E-mail: nordhaus@astro.princeton.ed, E-mail: burrows@astro.princeton.ed, E-mail: ASAlmgren@lbl.go, E-mail: JBBell@lbl.go [Computational Research Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)
2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
We explore the dependence on spatial dimension of the viability of the neutrino heating mechanism of core-collapse supernova explosions. We find that the tendency to explode is a monotonically increasing function of dimension, with three dimensions (3D) requiring {approx}40%-50% lower driving neutrino luminosity than one dimension and {approx}15%-25% lower driving neutrino luminosity than two dimensions (2D). Moreover, we find that the delay to explosion for a given neutrino luminosity is always shorter in 3D than 2D, sometimes by many hundreds of milliseconds. The magnitude of this dimensional effect is much larger than the purported magnitude of a variety of other effects, such as nuclear burning, inelastic scattering, or general relativity, which are sometimes invoked to bridge the gap between the current ambiguous and uncertain theoretical situation and the fact of robust supernova explosions. Since real supernovae occur in three dimensions, our finding may be an important step toward unraveling one of the most problematic puzzles in stellar astrophysics. In addition, even though in 3D, we do see pre-explosion instabilities and blast asymmetries, unlike the situation in 2D, we do not see an obvious axially symmetric dipolar shock oscillation. Rather, the free energy available to power instabilities seems to be shared by more and more degrees of freedom as the dimension increases. Hence, the strong dipolar axisymmetry seen in 2D and previously identified as a fundamental characteristic of the shock hydrodynamics may not survive in 3D as a prominent feature.
Adaptive Projection Subspace Dimension for the Thick-Restart Lanczos Method
Yamazaki, Ichitaro; Bai, Zhaojun; Simon, Horst; Wang, Lin-Wang; Wu, K.
2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Thick-Restart Lanczos (TRLan) method is an effective method for solving large-scale Hermitian eigenvalue problems. However, its performance strongly depends on the dimension of the projection subspace. In this paper, we propose an objective function to quantify the effectiveness of a chosen subspace dimension, and then introduce an adaptive scheme to dynamically adjust the dimension at each restart. An open-source software package, nu-TRLan, which implements the TRLan method with this adaptive projection subspace dimension is available in the public domain. The numerical results of synthetic eigenvalue problems are presented to demonstrate that nu-TRLan achieves speedups of between 0.9 and 5.1 over the static method using a default subspace dimension. To demonstrate the effectiveness of nu-TRLan in a real application, we apply it to the electronic structure calculations of quantum dots. We show that nu-TRLan can achieve speedups of greater than 1.69 over the state-of-the-art eigensolver for this application, which is based on the Conjugate Gradient method with a powerful preconditioner.
Splitting of 3d quaternion dimensions into 2d-sells and a "world screen technology"
Alexander P. Yefremov
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
A set of basic vectors locally describing metric properties of an arbitrary 2-dimensional (2D) surface is used for construction of fundamental algebraic objects having nilpotent and idempotent properties. It is shown that all possible linear combinations of the objects when multiplied behave as a set of hypercomples (in particular, quaternion) units; thus interior structure of the 3D space dimensions pointed by the vector units is exposed. Geometric representations of elementary surfaces (2D-sells) structuring the dimensions are studied in detail. Established mathematical link between a vector quaternion triad treated as a frame in 3D space and elementary 2D-sells prompts to raise an idea of "world screen" having 1/2 of a space dimension but adequately reflecting kinematical properties of an ensemble of 3D frames.
Spherical collapse of a heat conducting fluid in higher dimensions without horizon
A. banerjee; S. Chatterjee
2004-06-08T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a scenario where the interior spacetime,described by a heat conducting fluid sphere is matched to a Vaidya metric in higher dimensions.Interestingly we get a class of solutions, where following heat radiation the boundary surface collapses without the appearance of an event horizon at any stage and this happens with reasonable properties of matter field.The non-occurrence of a horizon is due to the fact that the rate of mass loss exactly counterbalanced by the fall of boundary radius.Evidently this poses a counter example to the so-called cosmic censorship hypothesis.Two explicit examples of this class of solutions are also given and it is observed that the rate of collapse is delayed with the introduction of extra dimensions.The work extends to higher dimensions our previous investigation in 4D.
Critical Collapse in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet Gravity in Five and Six Dimensions
Deppe, N; Taves, T; Kunstatter, G; Mann, R B
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity (EGB) provides a natural higher dimensional and higher order curvature generalization of Einstein gravity. It contains a new, presumably microscopic, length scale that should affect short distance properties of the dynamics, such as Choptuik scaling. We present the results of a numerical analysis in generalized flat slice co-ordinates of self-gravitating massless scalar spherical collapse in five and six dimensional EGB gravity near the threshold of black hole formation. Remarkably, the behaviour is universal (i.e. independent of initial data) but qualitatively different in five and six dimensions. In five dimensions there is a minimum horizon radius, suggestive of a first order transition between black hole and dispersive initial data. In six dimensions no radius gap is evident. Instead, below the GB scale there is a change in the critical exponent and echoing period.
The Ground State Energy of a Dilute Bose Gas in Dimension n >3
Anders Aaen
2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a Bose gas in spatial dimension $n>3$ with a repulsive, radially symmetric two-body potential $V$. In the limit of low density $\\rho$, the ground state energy per particle in the thermodynamic limit is shown to be $(n-2)|\\mathbb S^{n-1}|a^{n-2}\\rho$, where $|\\mathbb S^{n-1}|$ denotes the surface measure of the unit sphere in $\\mathbb{R}^n$ and $a$ is the scattering length of $V$. Furthermore, for smooth and compactly supported two-body potentials, we derive upper bounds to the ground state energy with a correction term $(1+C\\gamma)8\\pi^4a^6\\rho^2|\\ln(a^4\\rho)|$ in dimension $n=4$, where $\\gamma:=\\int V(x)|x|^{-2}\\, dx$, and a correction term which is $\\mathcal{O}(\\rho^2)$ in higher dimensions.
Adiabatic Hyperspherical Representation for the Three-body Problem in Two Dimensions
J. P. D'Incao; B. D. Esry
2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We explore the three-body problem in two dimensions using the adiabatic hyperspherical representation. We develop the main equations in terms of democratic hyperangular coordinates and determine several symmetry properties and boundary conditions for both interacting and non-interacting solutions. From the analysis of the three-body effective potentials, we determine the threshold laws for low energy three-body recombination, collision-induced dissociation as well as inelastic atom-diatom collisions in two dimensions. Our results show that the hyperspherical representation can offer a simple and conceptually clear physical picture for three-body process in two dimensions which is also suitable for calculations using finite range two-body interactions supporting a number of bound states.
Statistical error in a chord estimator of correlation dimension: The ``rule of five``
Theiler, J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Lookman, T. [University of Western Ontario, London, ON (Canada). Dept. of Applied Mathematics
1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The statistical precision of a chord method for estimating dimension from a correlation integral is derived. The optimal chord length is determined, and a comparison is made to other estimators. The simple chord estimator is only 25% less precise than the optimal estimator which uses the full resolution and full range of the correlation integral. The analytic calculations are based on the hypothesis that all pairwise distances between the points in the embedding space are statistically independent. The adequacy of this approximation is assessed numerically, and a surprising result is observed in which dimension estimators can be anomalously precise for sets with reasonably uniform (nonfractal) distributions.
Statistical error in a chord estimator of correlation dimension: The rule of five''
Theiler, J. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Lookman, T. (University of Western Ontario, London, ON (Canada). Dept. of Applied Mathematics)
1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
The statistical precision of a chord method for estimating dimension from a correlation integral is derived. The optimal chord length is determined, and a comparison is made to other estimators. The simple chord estimator is only 25% less precise than the optimal estimator which uses the full resolution and full range of the correlation integral. The analytic calculations are based on the hypothesis that all pairwise distances between the points in the embedding space are statistically independent. The adequacy of this approximation is assessed numerically, and a surprising result is observed in which dimension estimators can be anomalously precise for sets with reasonably uniform (nonfractal) distributions.
Construction and exact solution of a nonlinear quantum field model in quasi-higher dimension
Kundu, Anjan
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Nonperturbative exact solutions are allowed for quantum integrable models in one space-dimension. Going beyond this class we propose an alternative Lax matrix approach, exploiting the hidden multi-time concept in integrable systems and construct a novel quantum nonlinear Schr\\"odinger model in quasi-two dimensions. An intriguing field commutator is discovered, confirming the integrability of the model and yielding its exact Bethe ansatz solution with rich scattering and bound-state properties. The universality of the scheme is expected to cover diverse models, opening up a new direction in the field.
Omar Maj
2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z
This is the second part of a work aimed to study complex-phase oscillatory solutions of nonlinear symmetric hyperbolic systems. We consider, in particular, the case of one space dimension. That is a remarkable case, since one can always satisfy the \\emph{naive} coherence condition on the complex phases, which is required in the construction of the approximate solution. Formally the theory applies also in several space dimensions, but the \\emph{naive} coherence condition appears to be too restrictive; the identification of the optimal coherence condition is still an open problem.
Using Muonic Hydrogen in Optical Spectroscopy Experiment to Detect Extra Dimensions
Feng Luo; Hongya Liu
2006-02-23T23:59:59.000Z
Considering that gravitational force might deviate from Newton's inverse-square law (ISL) and become much stronger in small scale, we propose a kind of optical spectroscopy experiment to detect this possible deviation and take electronic, muonic and tauonic hydrogen atoms as examples. This experiment might be used to indirectly detect the deviation of ISL down to nanometer scale and to explore the possibility of three extra dimensions in ADD's model, while current direct gravity tests cannot break through micron scale and go beyond two extra dimensions scenario.
Dimension reduction for anisotropic Bose-Einstein condensates in the strong interaction regime
Weizhu Bao; Loic Le Treust; Florian Mehats
2014-03-12T23:59:59.000Z
We study the problem of dimension reduction for the three dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation (GPE) describing a Bose-Einstein condensate confined in a strongly anisotropic harmonic trap. Since the gas is assumed to be in a strong interaction regime, we have to analyze two combined singular limits: a semi-classical limit in the transport direction and the strong partial confinement limit in the transversal direction. We prove that both limits commute together and we provide convergence rates. The by-products of this work are approximated models in reduced dimension for the GPE, with a priori estimates of the approximation errors.
Edge states for topological insulators in two dimensions and their Luttinger-like liquids
Denis Bernard; Eun-Ah Kim; André LeClair
2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
Topological insulators in three spatial dimensions are known to possess a precise bulk/boundary correspondence, in that there is a one-to-one correspondence between the 5 classes characterized by bulk topological invariants and Dirac hamiltonians on the boundary with symmetry protected zero modes. This holographic characterization of topological insulators is studied in two dimensions. Dirac hamiltonians on the one dimensional edge are classified according to the discrete symmetries of time-reversal, particle-hole, and chirality, extending a previous classification in two dimensions. We find 17 inequivalent classes, of which 11 have protected zero modes. Although bulk topological invariants are thus far known for only 5 of these classes, we conjecture that the additional 6 describe edge states of new classes of topological insulators. The effects of interactions in two dimensions are also studied. We show that all interactions that preserve the symmetries are exactly marginal, i.e. preserve the gaplessness. This leads to a description of the distinct variations of Luttinger liquids that can be realized on the edge.
Topological Insulators in Three Dimensions Liang Fu, C. L. Kane, and E. J. Mele
Kane, Charles
Topological Insulators in Three Dimensions Liang Fu, C. L. Kane, and E. J. Mele Department (STI) topological insulators. The WTI are like layered 2D QSH states, but are destroyed by disorder insulator by a Z2 topological invariant [6], analogous to the TKNN invariant of the integer quantum Hall
Bosonic topological insulator in three dimensions and the statistical Witten effect
Bosonic topological insulator in three dimensions and the statistical Witten effect Max A-known that one signature of the three-dimensional electron topological insulator is the Witten effect-odd-integer polarization charge. In the present work, we propose a corre- sponding phenomenon for the topological insulator
Stationary free surface viscous flows without surface tension in three dimensions
Boyer, Edmond
Stationary free surface viscous flows without surface tension in three dimensions Frederic Abergel dimensional channel. In the absence of surface tension, we prove the existence of a unique stationary solution is not elliptic when surface tension is neglected. Hence, analysis such as that made in [4] or [17] fails
Stationary free surface viscous ows without surface tension in three dimensions
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Stationary free surface viscous ows without surface tension in three dimensions Frederic Abergel owing down a three dimensional channel. In the absence of surface tension, we prove the existence is not elliptic when surface tension is neglected. Hence, analysis such as that made in [4] or [17] fails
Neutrinoless double beta decay constrained by the existence of large extra dimensions
Marek Gó?d?; W. A. Kami?ski
2012-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
We present the possible influence on the half-life of neutrinoless double beta decay coming from the existence of $n$ extra spatial dimensions. The half-life in question depends on the mass of the electron neutrino. We base our analysis on the Majorana neutrino mass mechanism in Arkani-Hamed--Dimopoulos--Dvali model.
Global dimensions of endomorphism algebras for generator-cogenerators over $m$-replicated algebras
Lv, Hongbo
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Let $A$ be a finite dimensional hereditary algebra over a field $k$ and $A^{(m)}$ be the $m$-replicated algebra of $A$. We investigate the possibilities for the global dimensions of the endomorphism algebras of generator-cogenerators over $m$-replicated algebra $A^{(m)}$.
Green's Function for a Hierarchical Self-Avoiding Walk in Four Dimensions
Green's Function for a Hierarchical Self-Avoiding Walk in Four Dimensions David C. Brydges #3 . Apart from completing the program in the #12;rst paper, the main result is that the Green's function is almost equal to the Green's function for the Markov process with no self-repulsion, but at a di#11;erent
Estimate for the size of the compactification radius of a one extra dimension universe
Da Rosa, Felipe S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pascoal, F [DEPARTAMENTO DE FISICA; Oliveira, L F [CIDADE UNIV; Farina, C [INSTITUTO DE FISICA
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, we use the Casimir effect to probe the existence of one extra dimension. We begin by evaluating the Casimir pressure between two plates in a M{sup 4} x S{sup 1} manifold, and then use an appropriate statistical analysis in order to compare the theoretical expression with a recent experimental data and set bounds for the compactification radius.
Dimensions of identity Within an international network of researchers, le Rseau d'tudes
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Dimensions of identity Within an international network of researchers, le RÃ©seau d'Ã©tudes sur le journalisme (the Network for journalism studies), we have developed this conception of journalism RUELLAN UniversitÃ© de Rennes, France ABSTRACT Thinking of journalism in new ways should be free of any
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Towards an interaction evaluation between dimensions and objectives of sustainable development states, along with governments from around the world, have affirmed support for sustainable development, recently agreeing that the developed countries must take the lead in securing a "shift towards sustainable
Purely electric spin pumping in one-dimension Yshai Avishai1,3
Cohen, Doron
Purely electric spin pumping in one-dimension Yshai Avishai1,3 , Doron Cohen1 and Naoto Nagaosa2 1 (such as metallic wire) can display quantum spin pumping possibly without pushing any charge each period. This is referred to as quantum (charge) pumping [1Â5]. In recent years, the concept
Purely Electric Spin Pumping in One Dimension Yshai Avishai,1,2
Cohen, Doron
Purely Electric Spin Pumping in One Dimension Yshai Avishai,1,2 Doron Cohen,1 and Naoto Nagaosa3 1-dimensional system (such as metallic wire) can display quantum spin pumping possibly without pushing any charge to as quantum (charge) pumping [1Â5]. In recent years, pumping of spin polariza- tion has become a focus
Gomberoff, Andres; Henneaux, Marc; Teitelboim, Claudio [Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Valdivia (Chile); Physique Theorique et Mathematique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, ULB Campus Plaine C.P. 231, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Valdivia (Chile); Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Valdivia (Chile)
2005-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study the decay of the cosmological constant in two spacetime dimensions through production of pairs. We show that the same nucleation process looks as quantum-mechanical tunneling (instanton) to one Killing observer and as thermal activation (thermalon) to another. Thus, we find another striking example of the deep interplay between gravity, thermodynamics and quantum mechanics which becomes apparent in presence of horizons.
Nanotube Formation: Researchers Learn To Control The Dimensions Of Metal Oxide Nanotubes
Nair, Sankar
Nanotube Formation: Researchers Learn To Control The Dimensions Of Metal Oxide Nanotubes ScienceDaily (Aug. 29, 2007) -- Moving beyond carbon nanotubes, researchers are developing insights-walled inorganic nanotubes could be useful in a range of nanotechnology applications that require precise control
A RENEWAL THEOREM FOR STRONGLY ERGODIC MARKOV CHAINS IN DIMENSION d 3 AND CENTERED CASE.
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
A RENEWAL THEOREM FOR STRONGLY ERGODIC MARKOV CHAINS IN DIMENSION d 3 AND CENTERED CASE. D. GUIBOURG and L. HERVÂ´E 1 AMS subject classification : 60J10-60K05-47A55 Keywords : Markov chains, renewal the renewal theorem established by Spitzer [23] for i.i.d. sequences of centered nonlattice r.v. holds true
Design of a wall-less proportional counter for microdosimetry in nanometer dimensions
Rayadurgam, Sripriya
2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z
, at nanometer dimensions. The main contribution of this research is the design of a cylindrical wall-less proportional counter of 1mm height by 1mm diameter. A wall-less detector (also called grid-walled detector) overcomes the so-called Â?wall effect...
Dimension Augmentation and Combinatorial Criteria for Efficient Error-resistant DNA Self-assembly
Goel, Ashish
Dimension Augmentation and Combinatorial Criteria for Efficient Error-resistant DNA Self-assembly Abstract DNA self-assembly has emerged as a rich and promising primitive for nano-technology. Experimental-correction mech- anisms have been proposed for the tile model of self- assembly. These error-correction mechanisms
Effective sea-level rise and deltas: Causes of change and human dimension implications
New Hampshire, University of
Effective sea-level rise and deltas: Causes of change and human dimension implications Jason P January 2006 Abstract An assessment is made of contemporary effective sea-level rise (ESLR) for a sample of eustatic sea-level rise, the natural gross rate of fluvial sediment deposition and subsidence
The perfect magnetic conductor (PMC) Casimir piston in d+1 dimensions
A. Edery; V. Marachevsky
2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z
Perfect magnetic conductor (PMC) boundary conditions are dual to the more familiar perfect electric conductor (PEC) conditions and can be viewed as the electromagnetic analog of the boundary conditions in the bag model for hadrons in QCD. Recent advances and requirements in communication technologies have attracted great interest in PMC's and Casimir experiments involving structures that approximate PMC's may be carried out in the not too distant future. In this paper, we make a study of the zero-temperature PMC Casimir piston in $d+1$ dimensions. The PMC Casimir energy is explicitly evaluated by summing over $p+1$-dimensional Dirichlet energies where p ranges from 2 to $d$ inclusively. We derive two exact $d$-dimensional expressions for the Casimir force on the piston and find that the force is negative (attractive) in all dimensions. Both expressions are applied to the case of 2+1 and 3+1 dimensions. A spin-off from our work is a contribution to the PEC literature: we obtain a useful alternative expression for the PEC Casimir piston in 3+1 dimensions and also evaluate the Casimir force per unit area on an infinite strip, a geometry of experimental interest.
The Casimir force on a piston in the spacetime with extra compactified dimensions
Hongbo Cheng
2008-01-18T23:59:59.000Z
A one-dimensional Casimir piston for massless scalar fields obeying Dirichlet boundary conditions in high-dimensional spacetimes within the frame of Kaluza-Klein theory is analyzed. We derive and calculate the exact expression for the Casimir force on the piston. We also compute the Casimir force in the limit that one outer plate is moved to the extremely distant place to show that the reduced force is associated with the properties of additional spatial dimensions. The more dimensionality the spacetime has, the stronger the extra-dimension influence is. The Casimir force for the piston in the model excluding one plate under the background with extra compactified dimensions always keeps attractive. Further we find that when the limit is taken the Casimir force between one plate and the piston will change to be the same form as the corresponding force for the standard system consisting of two parallel plates in the four-dimensional spacetimes if the ratio of the plate-piston distance and extra dimensions size is large enough.
F. Bagarello
2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a new class of multiplications of distributions in one dimension merging together two different regularizations of distributions. Some of the features of these multiplications are discussed in a certain detail. We use our theory to study a certain number of examples, involving products between Dirac delta functions and its successive derivatives.
Total Quality Management: Managing the Human Dimension in Natural Resource Agencies1
Standiford, Richard B.
Total Quality Management: Managing the Human Dimension in Natural Resource Agencies1 Denzil Verardo business is conducted in the public sector, and Total Quality Management (TQM) can be the avenue relationships within the DPR and make recommendations for change. Total Quality Management team practices were
Ecology and the ratchet of events: Climate variability, niche dimensions, and species distributions
Ecology and the ratchet of events: Climate variability, niche dimensions, and species distributionsDepartment of Botany and Program in Ecology and dWyoming Water Resources Data System and Wyoming State Climate Office superimposed on anthropogenic trends. Predicting ecological and biogeographic responses to these changes
Rheingans, Richard
Water insecurity in 3 dimensions: An anthropological perspective on water and women's psychosocial, Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30022, USA b Center for Global Safe Water f o Article history: Available online 20 April 2012 Keywords: Water insecurity Gender Psychosocial
The Normative Dimension and Legal Meaning of Endangered and Recovery in the U.S. Endangered
Nelson, Michael P.
@mtu.edu Department of Philosophy, University of Idaho, Morrill Hall 403, Moscow, ID 83844, U.S.A. Turner Endangered of endangerment) and a fundamentally scientific dimension (i.e., determining whether a species meets recovery entails much more than the scientific notion of population viability, (2) most efforts to recover
The Normative Dimension and Legal Meaning of Endangered and Recovery in the U. S. Endangered
@mtu.edu Department of Philosophy, University of Idaho, Morrill Hall 403, Moscow, ID 83844, U.S.A. Turner Endangered of endangerment) and a fundamentally scientific dimension (i.e., determining whether a species meets recovery entails much more than the scientific notion of population viability, (2) most efforts to recover
Random fractal strings: their zeta functions, complex dimensions and spectral asymptotics
Jordan, Jonathan
Random fractal strings: their zeta functions, complex dimensions and spectral asymptotics B-increasing real numbers which sums to one. For our purposes a fractal string is a string formed from the lengths versions of fractal strings. We show that using a random re- cursive self-similar construction
Alternatives to the Seesaw: Extra Z's and Constraints on Large Extra Dimensions
Paul Langacker
2003-04-10T23:59:59.000Z
Alternatives to the traditional grand unified theory seesaw for neutrino masses are briefly described. These include the possibility of large extra dimensions and various possibilities for models involving an extra U(1)' gauge symmetry. The difficulty of observing Majorana phases in neutrinoless double beta decay is also briefly commented on.
TRACKING TONGUE MOTION IN THREE DIMENSIONS USING TAGGED MR IMAGES Xiaofeng Liu1
Prince, Jerry L.
TRACKING TONGUE MOTION IN THREE DIMENSIONS USING TAGGED MR IMAGES Xiaofeng Liu1 , Maureen Stone3 and strain analysis of tagged magnetic res- onance (MR) imaging [1]. It was originally applied to car- diac This research was supported by NIH grants R01 HL047405 and R01 DC001758 (a) (b) Fig. 1. (a) A tagged MR image
QUESTIONS ON WILD Z/pZ-QUOTIENT SINGULARITIES IN DIMENSION 2
Lorenzini, Dino J.
QUESTIONS ON WILD Z/pZ-QUOTIENT SINGULARITIES IN DIMENSION 2 DINO LORENZINI 1. Some questions Let A is called a wild cyclic quotient singularity. Let f : X Z be a resolution of the singularity, minimal a terminal chain. Wild Z/pZ-quotient singularities of surfaces are expected to have resolution graphs which
Bashir, Rashid
dimensions and profiles R. Bashir,a),b) A. E. Kabir,b) F. Hebert,c) and C. Brackenb) National Semiconductors. In many applications a spacer needs to be formed on the polycide sidewall Fig. 1 . Undesirable undercutting can re- sult in nonideal spacer formation for further device fabrica- tion. Tungsten silicide
Boyer, Edmond
1 THEORETICAL REFLECTIONS ABOUT EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT :CULTURAL-Luc FAUGUET, Yves ALPE ADEF UniversitÃ© de Provence, CASE 49 3, Place Victor Hugo- 13 331 Marseille Cedex 03 angela.barthes@univ-provence.fr Keywords :Education for sustainable development, international dimensions
AN ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK FOR DIMENSIONS AND COST MODELLING OF INTERNAL MICRO-CHANNELS
Lee, Hyowon
AN ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK FOR DIMENSIONS AND COST MODELLING OF INTERNAL MICRO Engineering, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland ABSTRACT For micro-channel fabrication using laser micro evaluation. Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is one of the numerical methodologies that can be utilised
Optimizing moderator dimensions for neutron scattering at the spallation neutron source
Zhao, J. K.; Robertson, J. L.; Herwig, Kenneth W.; Gallmeier, Franz X.; Riemer, Bernard W. [Instrument and Source Division, Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Instrument and Source Division, Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)
2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, we investigate the effect of neutron moderator dimensions on the performance of neutron scattering instruments at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS). In a recent study of the planned second target station at the SNS facility, we have found that the dimensions of a moderator play a significant role in determining its surface brightness. A smaller moderator may be significantly brighter over a smaller viewing area. One of the immediate implications of this finding is that for modern neutron scattering instrument designs, moderator dimensions and brightness have to be incorporated as an integrated optimization parameter. Here, we establish a strategy of matching neutron scattering instruments with moderators using analytical and Monte Carlo techniques. In order to simplify our treatment, we group the instruments into two broad categories: those with natural collimation and those that use neutron guide systems. For instruments using natural collimation, the optimal moderator selection depends on the size of the moderator, the sample, and the moderator brightness. The desired beam divergence only plays a role in determining the distance between sample and moderator. For instruments using neutron optical systems, the smallest moderator available that is larger than the entrance dimension of the closest optical element will perform the best (assuming, as is the case here that smaller moderators are brighter)
On the Performance of Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio
Gesbert, David
On the Performance of Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio Bassem Zayen-day spectrum allocation and spectrum use suggests that radio spectrum shortage could be overcome by allowing immediate local spectrum availability. A new class of radios that is able to reliably sense the spectral
Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sens-ing for Cognitive Radio
Gesbert, David
Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sens- ing for Cognitive Radio Bassem Zayen and Aawatif Hayar. Introduction The discrepancy between current-day spectrum allocation and spectrum use sug- gests that radio mean that radios could find and adapt to any immediate local spectrum availability. A new class
Erlang-based dimensioning for IPv4 Address+Port translation
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Erlang-based dimensioning for IPv4 Address+Port translation Florent Fourcot, Bertrand Grelot, or to reduce the use of IPv4 addresses. In this paper, we discuss a strategy known as "Address + Port of port numbers. Of critical importance for the feasibility of such a mechanism is the knowledge
Fractal dimension based sand ripple suppression for mine hunting with sidescan sonar
Nelson, James
mine hunting. Manual inspection of such data can be a time consuming task that requires significant1 Fractal dimension based sand ripple suppression for mine hunting with sidescan sonar J. D. B. Nelson and N. G. Kingsbury Abstract--Sand ripples present a difficult challenge to current mine hunting
CYCLOSTATIONARITY-BASED ESTIMATION OF THE FOETUS SUBSPACE DIMENSION FROM ECG RECORDINGS
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
CYCLOSTATIONARITY-BASED ESTIMATION OF THE FOETUS SUBSPACE DIMENSION FROM ECG RECORDINGS M of electrocardiogram (ECG) signals is in- troduced in order to classify independent subspaces into com- ponents. In the case of ECG recordings from the maternal thoracic and abdominal ar- eas, the foetal ECGs (FECGs
Holographic fractional topological insulators in 2+1 and 1+1 dimensions
Andreas Karch; Joseph Maciejko; Tadashi Takayanagi
2010-11-09T23:59:59.000Z
We give field theory descriptions of the time-reversal invariant quantum spin Hall insulator in 2+1 dimensions and the particle-hole symmetric insulator in 1+1 dimensions in terms of massive Dirac fermions. Integrating out the massive fermions we obtain a low-energy description in terms of a topological field theory, which is entirely determined by anomaly considerations. This description allows us to easily construct low-energy effective actions for the corresponding `fractional' topological insulators, potentially corresponding to new states of matter. We give a holographic realization of these fractional states in terms of a probe brane system, verifying that the expected topologically protected transport properties are robust even at strong coupling.
Thermodynamic formalism for the Lorentz gas with open boundaries in $d$ dimensions
Henk van Beijeren; Oliver Muelken
2004-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
A Lorentz gas may be defined as a system of fixed dispersing scatterers, with a single light particle moving among these and making specular collisions on encounters with the scatterers. For a dilute Lorentz gas with open boundaries in $d$ dimensions we relate the thermodynamic formalism to a random flight problem. Using this representation we analytically calculate the central quantity within this formalism, the topological pressure, as a function of system size and a temperature-like parameter $\\ba$. The topological pressure is given as the sum of the topological pressure for the closed system and a diffusion term with a $\\ba$-dependent diffusion coefficient. From the topological pressure we obtain the Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy on the repeller, the topological entropy, and the partial information dimension.
Establishing Analogies between the Physics of Extra Dimensions and Carbon Nanotubes
Jonas de Woul; Alexander Merle; Tommy Ohlsson
2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z
We point out a conceptual analogy between the physics of extra spatial dimensions and the physics of carbon nanotubes which arises for principle reasons, although the corresponding energy scales are at least ten orders of magnitude apart. For low energies, one can apply the Kaluza-Klein description to both types of systems, leading to two completely different but consistent interpretations of the underlying physics. In particular, we discuss in detail the Kaluza-Klein description of armchair and zig-zag carbon nanotubes. Furthermore, we describe how certain experimental results for carbon nanotubes could be re-interpreted in terms of the Kaluza-Klein description. Finally, we present ideas for new measurements that could allow to probe concepts of models with extra spatial dimensions in table-top experiments, providing further links between condensed matter and particle physics.
Quantization of Space and Time in 3 and in 4 Space-time Dimensions
G. 't Hooft
1996-08-16T23:59:59.000Z
The fact that in Minkowski space, space and time are both quantized does not have to be introduced as a new postulate in physics, but can actually be derived by combining certain features of General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics. This is demonstrated first in a model where particles behave as point defects in 2 space dimensions and 1 time, and then in the real world having 3+1 dimensions. The mechanisms in these two cases are quite different, but the outcomes are similar: space and time form a (non-cummutative) lattice. These notes are short since most of the material discussed in these lectures is based on two earlier papers by the same author (gr-qc/9601014 and gr-qc/9607022), but the exposition given in the end is new.
Statistics of the gravitational force in various dimensions of space: from Gaussian to Levy laws
Pierre-Henri Chavanis
2009-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the distribution of the gravitational force created by a Poissonian distribution of field sources (stars, galaxies,...) in different dimensions of space d. In d=3, it is given by a Levy law called the Holtsmark distribution. It presents an algebraic tail for large fluctuations due to the contribution of the nearest neighbor. In d=2, it is given by a marginal Gaussian distribution intermediate between Gaussian and Levy laws. In d=1, it is exactly given by the Bernouilli distribution (for any particle number N) which becomes Gaussian for N>>1. Therefore, the dimension d=2 is critical regarding the statistics of the gravitational force. We generalize these results for inhomogeneous systems with arbitrary power-law density profile and arbitrary power-law force in a d-dimensional universe.
Hydrogen atom in space with a compactified extra dimension and potential defined by Gauss' law
Martin Bureš; Petr Siegl
2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the consequences of one extra spatial dimension for the stability and energy spectrum of the non-relativistic hydrogen atom with a potential defined by Gauss' law, i.e. proportional to $1/|x|^2$. The additional spatial dimension is considered to be either infinite or curled-up in a circle of radius $R$. In both cases, the energy spectrum is bounded from below for charges smaller than the same critical value and unbounded from below otherwise. As a consequence of compactification, negative energy eigenstates appear: if $R$ is smaller than a quarter of the Bohr radius, the corresponding Hamiltonian possesses an infinite number of bound states with minimal energy extending at least to the ground state of the hydrogen atom.
Black hole radiation of spin-1 particles in (1+2) dimensions
S. I. Kruglov
2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z
The radiation of vector particles by black holes in (1+2) dimensions is investigated within the WKB approximation. We consider the process of quantum tunnelling of bosons through an event horizon of the black hole. The emission temperature for the Schwarzschild background geometry coincides with the Hawking temperature and for the Rindler spacetime the temperature is the Unruh temperature. We also obtain the radiation temperatures for the de Sitter spacetime.
QCD condensates of dimension D=6 and D=8 from hadronic tau-decays
A. A. Almasy; K. Schilcher; H. Spiesberger
2006-12-22T23:59:59.000Z
The high-precision data from hadronic tau decays allows one to extract information on QCD condensates. Using the finalized ALEPH data, we obtain a more rigorous determination of the dimension 6 and 8 condensates for the V-A correlator. In particular, we find that the recent data fix a certain linear combination of these QCD condensates to a precision at the level of O(2%). Our approach relies on more general assumptions than alternative approaches based on finite energy sum rules.
Effect of uneven sampling on correlation dimension computed from time series data
Sandip V. George; G. Ambika; R. Misra
2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z
Observational data, especially astrophysical data, is often limited by uneven sampling that arises due to lack of observations for a variety of reasons. Such inadvertent gaps are usually smoothed over using interpolation techniques. However the smoothing techniques can introduce artificial effects, especially when non-linear analysis is undertaken. We investigate how uneven sampling can affect the computed values of correlation dimension of the system, without using any interpolation. For this we introduce gaps artificially in synthetic data derived from standard chaotic systems, like the Rossler and Lorenz, with frequency of occurrence and size of missing data drawn from Gaussian distributions. Then we study the changes in correlation dimension with change in the distributions of frequency of gaps introduced and size of data removed. We find that for a considerable range of gap frequency and size, the value of correlation dimension is not significantly affected. This would mean that in such specific cases, the calculated values can still be reliable and acceptable. Thus our study introduces a method of checking the reliability of computed correlation dimension values by calculating the distribution of gaps with respect to its size and frequency and comparing with the standard plots presented in the paper. This is illustrated for real world examples of the data from three variable stars, R Scuti, U Monocerotis and SU Tauri. We also demonstrate how a cubic spline interpolation can cause an unevenly sampled noisy data to be misinterpreted as being chaotic in origin. This is demonstrated for the non chaotic light curve of variable star SS Cygni, which gives a saturated D2 value, when interpolated using a cubic spline.
Simple thermodynamics of strongly coupled one-component-plasma in two and three dimensions
Khrapak, Sergey A., E-mail: Sergey.Khrapak@dlr.de [Forschungsgruppe Komplexe Plasmen, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Oberpfaffenhofen (Germany); Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Khrapak, Alexey G. [Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Simple analytical approximations for the internal energy of the strongly coupled one-component-plasma in two and three dimensions are discussed. As a result, new practical expressions for the internal energy in the fluid phase are proposed. Their accuracy is checked by evaluating the location of the fluid-solid phase transition from the free energy consideration. Possible applications to other related systems are briefly discussed.
UN THEOR`EME SUR LES ACTIONS DE GROUPES DE DIMENSION INFINIE
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
UN THÂ´EOR`EME SUR LES ACTIONS DE GROUPES DE DIMENSION INFINIE JACQUES FÂ´EJOZ AND MAURICIO GARAY R qui recourent `a un thÂ´eor`eme d'inversion locale (e.g. [3, 5] ou [4, ThÂ´eor`eme 4.2.5]), par lÂ´ee par Kolmogo- rov et Arnold dans leur dÂ´emonstration du thÂ´eor`eme des tores invariants [2, 1]. Le thÂ´eor
Gravity particles from Warped Extra Dimensions, a review. Part I - KK Graviton
Alexandra Oliveira
2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
On face of the latest LHC experimental results on the direct searches for Beyond Standard Model physics we review the basic of Warped Extra Dimensions scenarios and the physics of the heavy gravity particles, their most unique signature. In this first part we intend to summarize the physics behind the hypothesis of a heavy spin-2 Beyond Standard Model particle on the context of WED and also to address some of the interesting phenomenology issues of model building hypothesis.
Computing Characteristics of One Class of Non-commutative Hypercomplex Number Systems of 4-dimension
Yakiv O. Kalinovsky; Dmitry V. Lande; Yuliya E. Boyarinova; Alina S. Turenko
2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z
The class of non-commutative hypercomplex number systems (HNS) of 4-dimension constructed by using of non-commutative procedure of Grassman-Clifford doubling of 2-dimensional systems is investigated in the article. All HNS of this class are constructed, algorithms of performance of operations and methods of algebraic characteristics calculation in them, such as conjugation, normalization, a type of zero dividers are investigated. Formulas of exponential functions representation in these systems are displayed.
Optimizing Moderator Dimensions for Neutron Scattering at the Spallation Neutron Source
Zhao, Jinkui [ORNL] [ORNL; Robertson, Lee [ORNL] [ORNL; Herwig, Kenneth W [ORNL] [ORNL; Gallmeier, Franz X [ORNL] [ORNL; Riemer, Bernie [ORNL] [ORNL
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, we investigate the effect of neutron moderator dimensions on the performance of neutron scattering instruments at the Spallation Neutron Source. In a recent study of the planned second target station at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) facility [1,2], we have found that the dimensions of a moderator play a significant role in determining its surface brightness. A smaller moderator may be significantly brighter for a smaller viewing area [4]. One of the immediate implications of this finding is that for modern neutron scattering instrument designs, moderator dimensions and brightness have to be incorporated as an integrated optimization parameter. Here, we establish a strategy of matching neutron scattering instruments with moderators using analytical and Monte Carlo techniques. In order to simplify our treatment, we group the instruments into two broad categories, those with natural collimation and those that use neutron guide systems. We found that the cross-sections of the sample and the neutron guide, respectively, are the deciding factors for choosing the moderator. Beam divergence plays no role as long as it is within the reach of practical constraints. Namely, the required divergence is not too large for the guide or sample to be located close enough to the moderator on an actual spallation source.
DeBartolo, Jack, III
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis addresses the experiential dimension of architecture as it relates to the dynamics of light and the universal presence of the phenomenal. The effort is to (re)imagine the environment: to behold the pageantry ...
Ilker, Efe
Distinctive orderings and phase diagram structures are found, from renormalization-group theory, for odd q-state clock spin-glass models in d = 3 dimensions. These models exhibit asymmetric phase diagrams, as is also the ...
Couch, Sean M., E-mail: smc@flash.uchicago.edu [Flash Center for Computational Science, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)
2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z
We present one-dimensional (1D), two-dimensional (2D), and three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamical simulations of core-collapse supernovae including a parameterized neutrino heating and cooling scheme in order to investigate the critical core neutrino luminosity (L{sub crit}) required for explosion. In contrast to some previous works, we find that 3D simulations explode later than 2D simulations, and that L{sub crit} at fixed mass accretion rate is somewhat higher in three dimensions than in two dimensions. We find, however, that in two dimensions L{sub crit} increases as the numerical resolution of the simulation increases. In contrast to some previous works, we argue that the average entropy of the gain region is in fact not a good indicator of explosion but is rather a reflection of the greater mass in the gain region in two dimensions. We compare our simulations to semi-analytic explosion criteria and examine the nature of the convective motions in two dimensions and three dimensions. We discuss the balance between neutrino-driven buoyancy and drag forces. In particular, we show that the drag force will be proportional to a buoyant plume's surface area while the buoyant force is proportional to a plume's volume and, therefore, plumes with greater volume-to-surface-area ratios will rise more quickly. We show that buoyant plumes in two dimensions are inherently larger, with greater volume-to-surface-area ratios, than plumes in three dimensions. In the scenario that the supernova shock expansion is dominated by neutrino-driven buoyancy, this balance between buoyancy and drag forces may explain why 3D simulations explode later than 2D simulations and why L{sub crit} increases with resolution. Finally, we provide a comparison of our results with other calculations in the literature.
E. Elizalde; S. D. Odintsov; A. A. Saharian
2011-02-10T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the fermionic condensate and the vacuum expectation value of the energy-momentum tensor for a massive fermionic field in the geometry of two parallel plate on the background of Minkowski spacetime with an arbitrary number of toroidally compactified spatial dimensions, in the presence of a constant gauge field. Bag boundary conditions are imposed on the plates and periodicity conditions with arbitrary phases are considered along the compact dimensions. The boundary induced parts in the fermionic condensate and the vacuum energy density are negative, with independence of the phases in the periodicity conditions and of the value of the gauge potential. Interaction forces between the plates are thus always attractive. However, in physical situations where the quantum field is confined to the region between the plates, the pure topological part contributes as well, and then the resulting force can be either attractive or repulsive, depending on the specific phases encoded in the periodicity conditions along the compact dimensions, and on the gauge potential, too. Applications of the general formulas to cylindrical carbon nanotubes are considered, within the framework of a Dirac-like theory for the electronic states in graphene. In the absence of a magnetic flux, the energy density for semiconducting nanotubes is always negative. For metallic nanotubes the energy density is positive for long tubes and negative for short ones. The resulting Casimir forces acting on the edges of the nanotube are attractive for short tubes with independence of the tube chirality. The sign of the force for long nanotubes can be controlled by tuning the magnetic flux. This opens the way to the design of efficient actuators driven by the Casimir force at the nanoscale.
Analytical solutions of a generalized non-central potential in N-dimensions
Durmus, Aysen, E-mail: aysend@erciyes.edu.tr [Department of Physics, Erciyes University, Kayseri 38039 (Turkey); Özfidan, Aysel [Institute of Science, Erciyes University, Kayseri 38039 (Turkey)
2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present that N-dimensional non-relativistic wave equation for the generalized non-central potential with arbitrary angular momentum is analytically solvable in the hyperspherical coordinates. Asymptotic iteration method as a different approach is applied to obtain N-dimensional energy eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenfunctions. In hyperspherical coordinates, the wave function solutions are obtained in terms of hypergeometric functions and Jacobi polynomials. The bound states of quantum systems under consideration for some special cases, such as Hartmann and Makarov potentials, have been discussed in N-dimensions.
On the vacua of N = 8 gauged supergravity in 4 dimensions
G. Dall'Agata; G. Inverso
2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss a simple procedure for finding vacua of gauged supergravity models, based on the variation of the embedding tensor rather than on a direct minimization of the scalar potential. We apply this procedure to N=8 gauged supergravity in 4 dimensions. We easily recover many of the previously known vacua, also completing their scalar mass spectrum, and we apply our procedure to find a dozen of new analytical vacuum solutions. The analysis shows an interesting structure on the moduli spaces of these vacua and provides new criteria to determine the expected value of the cosmological constant by a simple inspection of the group properties of the embedding tensor.
Fermion Pair Production From an Electric Field Varying in Two Dimensions
J. E. Seger; A. B. Balantekin
1995-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
The Hamiltonian describing fermion pair production from an arbitrarily time-varying electric field in two dimensions is studied using a group-theoretic approach. We show that this Hamiltonian can be encompassed by two, commuting SU(2) algebras, and that the two-dimensional problem can therefore be reduced to two one-dimensional problems. We compare the group structure for the two-dimensional problem with that previously derived for the one-dimensional problem, and verify that the Schwinger result is obtained under the appropriate conditions.
Higher order mixed moment approximations for the Fokker-Planck equation in one space dimension
Florian Schneider; Graham Alldredge; Martin Frank; Axel Klar
2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
We study mixed-moment models (full zeroth moment, half higher moments) for a Fokker-Planck equation in one space dimension. Mixed-moment minimum-entropy models are known to overcome the zero net-flux problem of full-moment minimum entropy Mn models. Realizability theory for these mixed moments of arbitrary order is derived, as well as a new closure, which we refer to as Kershaw closures. They provide non-negative distribution functions combined with an analytical closure. Numerical tests are performed with standard first-order finite volume schemes and compared with a finite-difference Fokker-Planck scheme.
Stability of charged thin-shell wormholes in (2 + 1) dimensions
Ayan Banerjee
2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we construct charged thin-shell wormholes in (2+1)-dimensions applying the cut-and -paste technique implemented by Visser, from a BTZ black hole which was discovered by Banados, Teitelboim and Zanelli, and the surface stress are determined using the Darmois-Israel formalism at the wormhole throat. We analyzed the stability of the shell considering phantom-energy or generalised Chaplygin gas equation of state for the exotic matter at the throat. We also discussed the linearized stability of charged thin-shell wormholes around the static solution.
Penrose inequalities and a positive mass theorem for charged black holes in higher dimension
Levi Lopes de Lima; Frederico Girão; Weslley Lozório; Juscelino Silva
2014-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
We use the inverse mean curvature flow to establish Penrose-type inequalities for time-symmetric Einstein-Maxwell initial data sets which can be suitably embedded as a hypersurface in Euclidean space $\\mathbb R^{n+1}$, $n\\geq 3$. In particular, we prove a positive mass theorem for this class of charged black holes. As an application we show that the conjectured upper bound for the area in terms of the mass and the charge, which in dimension $n=3$ is relevant in connection with the Cosmic Censorship Conjecture, always holds under the natural assumption that the horizon is stable as a minimal hypersurface.
Non-Relativistic Parity-Violating Hydrodynamics in Two Spatial Dimensions
Matthias Kaminski; Sergej Moroz
2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We construct the non-relativistic parity-violating hydrodynamic description of a two-dimensional dissipative, normal fluid in presence of small U(1) background fields and vorticity. This is achieved by taking the non-relativistic limit of the recently developed relativistic hydrodynamics in 2+1 dimensions. We identify and interpret the resulting parity-violating contributions to the non-relativistic constitutive relations, which include the Hall current flowing perpendicular to the temperature gradient, the Hall viscosity and the Leduc-Righi energy current. Also a comparison of our findings is made with the non-relativistic parity-violating hydrodynamics obtained from a light-cone dimensional reduction.
Geometry of the Uniform Spanning Forest: Transitions in Dimensions 4, 8, 12
Itai Benjamini; Harry Kesten; Yuval Peres; Oded Schramm
2003-02-13T23:59:59.000Z
The uniform spanning forest (USF) in Z^d is the weak limit of random, uniformly chosen, spanning trees in [-n,n]^d. Pemantle proved that the USF consists a.s. of a single tree if and only if d = 9. More generally, let N(x,y) be the minimum number of edges outside the USF in a path joining x and y in Z^d. Then a.s. max{N(x,y) : x,y in Z^d} is the integer part of (d-1)/4. The notion of stochastic dimension for random relations in the lattice is introduced and used in the proof.
Overdamped thermal ratchets in one and more dimensions. Kinesin transport and protein folding
Ernesto Gonzalez-Candela; Victor Romero-Rochin
2006-05-26T23:59:59.000Z
The overdamped thermal ratchet driven by an external (Orstein-Uhlenbeck) noise is revisited. The ratchet we consider is unbounded in space and not necessarily periodic . We briefly discuss the conditions under which current is obtained by analyzing the corresponding Fokker-Planck equation and its lack of stationary states. Next, two examples in more than one dimension and related to biological systems are presented. First, a two-dimensional model of a ``kinesin protein'' on a ``microtubule'' is analyzed and, second, we suggest that a ratchet mechanism may be behind the folding of proteins; the latter is elaborated with a multidimensional ratchet model.
Spinning dilaton black holes in 2+1 dimensions: Quasinormal modes and the area spectrum
Fernando, Sharmanthie [Department of Physics and Geology, Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, Kentucky 41099 (United States)
2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
We have studied the perturbation of a spinning dilaton black hole in 2+1 dimensions by a massless scalar field. The wave equations of a massless scalar field is shown to be exactly solvable in terms of hypergeometric functions. The quasinormal frequencies are computed for slowly spinning black holes. The stability of the black hole is discussed. The asymptotic form of the quasinormal frequencies are evaluated. The area spectrum of the quantum black holes are evaluated by using the asymptotic quasinormal frequencies and is shown to be equally spaced.
Flat space cosmologies in two dimensions - Phase transitions and asymptotic mass-domination
Arjun Bagchi; Daniel Grumiller; Jakob Salzer; Sourav Sarkar; Friedrich Schöller
2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z
We study flat space cosmologies in two dimensions by taking the flat space limit of the Achucarro-Ortiz model. We unravel a phase transition between hot flat space and flat space cosmologies, and derive a new dilaton-dependent counterterm required for the consistency of the Euclidean partition function. Our results generalize to asymptotically mass-dominated 2-dimensional dilaton gravity models, whose thermodynamical properties we discuss. The novel case of asymptotic mass-domination is neither covered by the comprehensive discussion of hep-th/0703230 nor by the more recent generalization to dilaton gravity with confining U(1) charges in 1406.7007.
The Hardy inequality and the heat equation with magnetic field in any dimension
Cristian Cazacu; David Krejcirik
2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z
In the Euclidean space of any dimension d, we consider the heat semigroup generated by the magnetic Schroedinger operator from which an inverse-square potential is subtracted in order to make the operator critical in the magnetic-free case. Assuming that the magnetic field is compactly supported, we show that the polynomial large-time behaviour of the heat semigroup is determined by the eigenvalue problem for a magnetic Schroedinger operator on the (d-1)-dimensional sphere whose vector potential reflects the behaviour of the magnetic field at the space infinity. From the spectral problem on the sphere, we deduce that in d=2 there is an improvement of the decay rate of the heat semigroup by a polynomial factor with power proportional to the distance of the total magnetic flux to the discrete set of flux quanta, while there is no extra polynomial decay rate in higher dimensions. To prove the results, we establish new magnetic Hardy-type inequalities for the Schroedinger operator and develop the method of self-similar variables and weighted Sobolev spaces for the associated heat equation.
ILD SiW ECAL and sDHCAL dimension-performance optimisation
Tran, Trong Hieu
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The ILD, International Large Detector, is one of the detector concepts for a future linear collider. Its performance is investigated using Monte-Carlo full simulation and PandoraPFA. Among several options, a combination of the silicon-tungsten electromagnetic calorimeter (SiW ECAL) and the semi-digital hadronic calorimeter (sDHCAL) presenting the highest granularity calorimeters, is here investigated. It is shown that by reducing the radius and length of the entire detector by a factor of $\\sim1.3$ with respect to the baseline dimensions, the jet energy resolution is degraded by 8 to 19% in the range of 45 and 250 GeV. The price of ILD which scales roughly quadratically with the ILD dimensions may be reduced by a factor of nearly two. A similar study made with the SiW ECAL and the analog hadronic calorimeter (AHCAL) shows that for an inner radius of ECAL of about~1.4 m, the performance is comparable between sDHCAL and AHCAL.
Novel Spacetime Concept and Dimension Curling up Mechanism in Neon Shell
Kunming Xu
2005-11-02T23:59:59.000Z
Euclidean geometry does not characterize dynamic electronic orbitals satisfactorily for even a single electron in a hydrogen atom is a formidable mathematical task with the Schrodinger equation. Here the author puts forward a new spacetime concept that regards space and time as two orthogonal, symmetric and complementary quantities. They are inherent physical quantities that cannot be divorced from physical objects themselves. In two-dimensional helium shell, space and time are instantiated by two interactive 1s electrons; in four-dimensional neon shell, space and time dimensions blend into four types of curvilinear vectors represented by 2s, 2px, 2py, and 2pz electronic orbitals. The description of electronic orbitals constitutes an explanation of canonical spacetime properties such as harmonic oscillation, electromagnetism, and wave propagation. Through differential and integral operations, the author formulates a precise wavefunction for every electron in an inert neon atom where spacetime, as dimensional graduated by ten electrons, is continuous, and trigonometric function is the mechanism for dimension curling up. This fresh spacetime view based on dimensional interpretation of complex functions is an extension of classical mechanics and is compatible with relativity and quantum physics. It brings sharp insight into the geometries of 2p-orbitals and has broad support from chemistry.
Is the Time a Dimension of an Alien Universe? (this hypothesis gives an additional redshift)
L. Ya. Kobelev
2000-05-25T23:59:59.000Z
On the base of the hypothesis about a nature of the time as a dimension of alien Universe relation between alteration of time with coordinates $\\frac{\\partial t}{\\partial x}$ and time {t} offered: $ \\frac{\\partial t} {\\partial x} = H_{t} t$ . This relation is an analogy of the Habble law in the time space. The consequence of it is additional redshift $Z_{DT}$ depending on differences $\\tau$ of times existence of the objects with redshift that are compared ($t_{0}$ is the time existence of more old object): $Z_{DT}=\\frac{1+\\frac{\\tau}{t_{0}}}{\\sqrt{1-(\\frac{\\tau}{t_{0}}})^{2}}-1$. The redshift of Arp galaxies may be explained if this relation is used and this explanation doe's not contradict Arp hypothesis about supernova explosions. Discussion a possibilities of experimental verification of the hypothesis is considered.
Holographic Superconductors in 3+1 dimensions away from the probe limit
Yves Brihaye; Betti Hartmann
2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study holographic superconductors in 3+1 dimensions away from the probe limit, i.e. taking back-reaction of the space-time into account. We consider the case of pure Einstein- and Gauss-Bonnet gravity, respectively. Similar to the probe limit we observe that the critical temperature at which condensation sets in decreases with increasing Gauss-Bonnet coupling. The decrease is however stronger when taking back-reaction of the space-time into account. We observe that the critical temperature becomes very small, but stays positive for all values of the Gauss-Bonnet coupling no matter how strong the back-reaction of the space-time is.
Regge Field Theory in zero transverse dimensions: loops versus "net" diagrams
Sergey Bondarenko
2010-11-22T23:59:59.000Z
Toy models of interacting Pomerons with triple and quaternary Pomeron vertices in zero transverse dimension are investigated. Numerical solutions for eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the corresponding Hamiltonians are obtained, providing the quantum solution for the scattering amplitude in both models. The equations of motion for the Lagrangians of the theories are also considered and the classical solutions of the equations are found. Full two-point Green functions ("effective" Pomeron propagator) and amplitude of diffractive dissociation process are calculated in the framework of RFT-0 approach. The importance of the loops contribution in the amplitude at different values of the model parameters is discussed as well as the difference between the models with and without quaternary Pomeron vertex.
Anomalous dimension of the gluon operator in pure Yang-Mills theory
B. W. Harris; J. Smith
1994-09-24T23:59:59.000Z
We present new one loop calculations that confirm the theorems of Joglekar and Lee on the renormalization of composite operators. We do this by considering physical matrix elements with the operators inserted at non-zero momentum. The resulting IR singularities are regulated dimensionally. We show that the physical matrix element of the BRST exact gauge variant operator which appears in the energy- momentum tensor is zero. We then show that the physical matrix elements of the classical energy-momentum tensor and the gauge invariant twist two gluon operator are independent of the gauge fixing parameter. A Sudakov factor appears in the latter cases. The universality of this factor and the UV finiteness of the energy-momentum tensor provide another method of finding the anomalous dimension of the gluon operator. We conjecture that this method applies to higher loops and takes full advantage of the triangularity of the mixing matrix.
Free Energy and Plaquette expectation value for gluons on the lattice, in three dimensions
H. Panagopoulos; A. Skouroupathis; A. Tsapalis
2006-02-24T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate the perturbative value of the Free Energy in Lattice QCD in three dimensions, up to three loops. Our calculation is performed using the Wilson formulation for gluons in SU(N) gauge theories. The Free Energy is directly related to the average plaquette. To carry out the calculation, we compute the coefficients involved in the perturbative expansion of the Free Energy up to three loops, using an automated set of procedures developed by us in Mathematica. The dependence on N is shown explicitly in our results. For purposes of comparison, we also present the individual contributions from every diagram. These have been obtained by means of two independent calculations, in order to cross check our results.
Sean P. Robinson
2006-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate, in d spacetime dimensions, the relationship between the coefficient 1/K^2 of the Einstein-Hilbert term in the action of general relativity and the coefficient G_N of the force law that results from the Newtonian limit of general relativity. The result is K^2=2[(d-2)/(d-3)]Vol(S^[d-2])G_N, where Vol(S^n) is the volume of the unit n-sphere. While the d=4 case is an elementary calculation in any general relativity text, the arbitrary case presented here is slightly less well known. We discuss the relevance of this result for the definition of the so-called "reduced Planck mass" and comment very briefly on the implications for brane world models. [abstract abridged
Accelerating Taub-NUT and Eguchi-Hanson solitons in four dimensions
Chng, Brenda [Department of Physics, National University of Singapore 2 Science Drive 3, Singapore 117542 (Singapore); Mann, Robert [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics 31 Caroline St. N. Waterloo, Ontario N2L 2Y5 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Waterloo 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Stelea, Cristian [Department of Physics, University of Waterloo 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada)
2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We construct new solutions of the vacuum Einstein field equations in four dimensions via a solution-generating method utilizing the SL(2,R) symmetry of the reduced Lagrangian. We apply the method to an accelerating version of the Zipoy-Voorhees solution and generate new solutions which we interpret to be the accelerating versions of the Zipoy-Voorhees generalization of the Taub-NUT solution (with Lorentzian signature) and the Zipoy-Voorhees generalization of the Eguchi-Hanson solitons (with Euclidean signature). As an intermediary in the solution-generating process we obtain charged versions of the accelerated Zipoy-Voorhees-like families of solutions. Finally we present the accelerating version of the Taub-NUT solution and discuss its properties.
Accelerating Taub-NUT and Eguchi-Hanson solitons in four dimensions
Brenda Chng; Robert Mann; Cristian Stelea
2006-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
We construct new solutions of the vacuum Einstein field equations in four dimensions via a solution generating method utilizing the SL(2,R) symmetry of the reduced Lagrangian. We apply the method to an accelerating version of the Zipoy-Voorhees solution and generate new solutions which we interpret to be the accelerating versions of the Zipoy-Voorhees generalisation of the Taub-NUT solution (with Lorentzian signature) and the Zipoy-Voorhees generalisation of the Eguchi-Hanson solitons (with Euclidean signature). As an intermediary in the solution-generating process we obtain charged versions of the accelerated Zipoy-Voorhees-like families of solutions. Finally we present the accelerating version of the Taub-NUT solution and discuss its properties.
Liu, Ran, E-mail: liuran@tsinghua.edu.cn; Yang, Xueyao; Chen, Weixing [Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)] [Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Jin, Cuiyun; Fu, Jingjing [College of Information Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (China)] [College of Information Science and Technology, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029 (China); Liu, Jing [Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China) [Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)
2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
A method of manufacturing three-dimension microneedle electrode arrays is presented in this paper using the micromolding technology with liquid metal at room temperature, based on the physical property of the Bi-In-Sn liquid metal alloy, being its melting point especially low. Observed under scanning electron microscopy, the needle body of the electrode chip manufactured using this method has a good consistency. Skin penetration test in-vitro indicates that the microneedle electrode can pierce the stratum corneum and cross the high-impedance layer to acquire electrical signals. Electrical impedance and polarization voltage experimental results show that the electrode chips have great electric characteristics and meet the practical application demands.
Shearer's point process and the hard-sphere model in one dimension
Christoph Hofer-Temmel
2015-04-10T23:59:59.000Z
We revisit the smallest non-physical singularity of the hard-sphere model in one dimension, also known as Tonks gas. We give an explicit expression of the free energy and reduced correlations at negative real fugacity and elaborate the nature of the singularity: the free energy is right-continuous, but its derivative diverges. We derive these results in several novel ways: First, by scaling up the discrete solution. Second, by an inductive argument on the partition function \\`a la Dobrushin. Third, by a perfect cluster expansion counting the Penrose trees in the Mayer expansion perfectly. Fourth, by an explicit construction of Shearer's point process, the unique R-dependent point process with an R-hard-core. The last connection yields explicit and optimal lower bounds on the avoidance function of R-dependent point processes on the real line.
Image patch analysis of sunspots and active regions. I. Intrinsic dimension and correlation analysis
Moon, Kevin R; Delouille, Veronique; De Visscher, Ruben; Watson, Fraser; Hero, Alfred O
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Complexity of an active region is related to its flare-productivity. Mount Wilson or McIntosh sunspot classifications measure such complexity but in a categorical way, and may therefore not use all the information present in the observations. Moreover, such categorical schemes hinder a systematic study of an active region's evolution for example. We propose fine-scale quantitative descriptors for an active region's complexity and relate them to the Mount Wilson classification. We analyze the local correlation structure within continuum and magnetogram data, as well as the cross-correlation between continuum and magnetogram data. We compute the intrinsic dimension, partial correlation, and canonical correlation analysis (CCA) of image patches of continuum and magnetogram active region images taken from the SOHO-MDI instrument. We use masks of sunspots derived from continuum as well as larger masks of magnetic active regions derived from the magnetogram to analyze separately the core part of an active region fr...
Electric and magnetic screenings of gluons in a model with dimension-2 gluon condensate
Fukun Xu; Mei Huang
2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z
Electric and magnetic screenings of the thermal gluons are studied by using the background expansion method in a gluodynamic model with dimension-2 gluon condensate. At low temperature, the electric and magnetic gluons are degenerate. With the increasing of temperature, it is found that the electric and magnetic gluons start to split at certain temperature $T_0$. The electric screening mass changes rapidly with temperature when $T>T_0$, and the Polyakov loop expectation value rises sharply around $T_0$ from zero in the vacuum to a value around 0.8 at high temperature. This suggests that the color electric deconfinement phase transition is driven by electric gluons. It is also observed that the magnetic screening mass keeps almost the same as its vacuum value, which manifests that the magnetic gluons remains confined. Both the screening masses and the Polyakov loop results are qualitatively in agreement with the Lattice calculations.
A Local Corrections Algorithm for Solving Poisson's Equation inThree Dimensions
McCorquodale, Peter; Colella, Phillip; Balls, Gregory T.; Baden,Scott B.
2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
We present a second-order accurate algorithm for solving thefree-space Poisson's equation on a locally-refined nested grid hierarchyin three dimensions. Our approach is based on linear superposition oflocal convolutions of localized charge distributions, with the nonlocalcoupling represented on coarser grids. There presentation of the nonlocalcoupling on the local solutions is based on Anderson's Method of LocalCorrections and does not require iteration between different resolutions.A distributed-memory parallel implementation of this method is observedto have a computational cost per grid point less than three times that ofa standard FFT-based method on a uniform grid of the same resolution, andscales well up to 1024 processors.
All bulk and boundary unitary cubic curvature theories in three dimensions
Guellue, Ibrahim; Sisman, Tahsin Cagri; Tekin, Bayram [Department of Physics, Middle East Technical University, 06531, Ankara (Turkey)
2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We construct all the bulk and boundary unitary cubic curvature parity invariant gravity theories in three dimensions in (anti)-de Sitter spaces. For bulk unitarity, our construction is based on the principle that the free theory of the cubic curvature theory reduces to one of the three known unitary theories which are the cosmological Einstein-Hilbert theory, the quadratic theory of the scalar curvature, or the new massive gravity (NMG). Bulk and boundary unitarity in NMG is in conflict; therefore, cubic theories that are unitary both in the bulk and on the boundary have free theories that reduce to the other two alternatives. We also study the unitarity of the Born-Infeld extensions of NMG to all orders in curvature.
Kuznik, V.; Odehnal, M.
1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The RSJ model of the Josephson junction in the presence of a microwave field is studied using an analog computer, with special attention to the behavior of this system near or at the critical line, where the set of substeps forms a complete devil's staircase on the I-V characteristic. A value of fractal dimension D = 0.868 +/- 0.002 is determined from 240 substeps between the winding numbers W = 0 and W = 1. Four values of decay constants are determined. The results agree very well with the prediction obtained from the one-dimensional circle map. A self-similarity graph is shown confirming that the staircase is very near the critical line. Results confirm the universal and global character of D and decay constants on the critical line, as was suggested by Jensen et al.
Causal dissipative hydrodynamics for QGP fluid in 2+1 dimensions
A. K. Chaudhuri
2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
In 2nd order causal dissipative theory, space-time evolution of QGP fluid is studied in 2+1 dimensions. Relaxation equations for shear stress tensors are solved simultaneously with the energy-momentum conservation equations. Comparison of evolution of ideal and viscous QGP fluid, initialized under the same conditions, e.g. same equilibration time, energy density and velocity profile, indicate that in a viscous dynamics, energy density or temperature of the fluid evolve slowly, than in an ideal fluid. Cooling gets slower as viscosity increases. Transverse expansion also increases in a viscous dynamics. For the first time we have also studied elliptic flow of 'quarks' in causal viscous dynamics. It is shown that elliptic flow of quarks saturates due to non-equilibrium correction to equilibrium distribution function, and can not be mimicked by an ideal hydrodynamics.
Phenomenology of non-relativistic parity-violating hydrodynamics in 2+1 dimensions
Andrew Lucas; Piotr Surówka
2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z
Parity-violating fluids in two spatial dimensions can appear in a variety of contexts such as liquid crystal films, anyon fluids, and quantum Hall fluids. Nonetheless, the consequences of parity-violation on the solutions to the equations of motion are largely unexplored. In this paper, we explore phenomenological consequences of parity-violation through simple, illustrative examples. Although incompressible velocity fields are essentially unchanged by parity violation, we discuss examples where parity violation plays a role at boundaries, or in the dynamics of temperature. We then discuss new types of compressible flows which only exist in a parity-violating fluid, including new sound waves, and solitons in the dissipationless limit. We conclude with a discussion of some curious features in Rayleigh-B\\'enard convection of a parity-violating fluid.
Cosmology in one dimension: Symmetry role in dynamics, mass oriented approaches to fractal analysis
Miller, Bruce N; Shiozawa, Yui
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The distribution of visible matter in the universe, such as galaxies and galaxy clusters, has its origin in the week fluctuations of density that existed at the epoch of recombination. The hierarchical distribution of the universe, with its galaxies, clusters and super-clusters of galaxies indicates the absence of a natural length scale. In the Newtonian formulation, numerical simulations of a one-dimensional system permit us to precisely follow the evolution of an ensemble of particles starting with an initial perturbation in the Hubble flow. The limitation of the investigation to one dimension removes the necessity to make approximations in calculating the gravitational field and, on the whole, the system dynamics. It is then possible to accurately follow the trajectories of particles for a long time. The simulations show the emergence of a self-similar hierarchical structure in both the phase space and the configuration space and invites the implementation of a multifractal analysis. Here, after showing th...
Anomalous dimensions determine the power counting -- Wilsonian RG analysis of nuclear EFT --
Koji Harada; Hirofumi Kubo
2006-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
The Legendre flow equation, a version of exact Wilsonian renormalization group (WRG) equation, is employed to consider the power counting issues in Nuclear Effective Field Theory. A WRG approach is an ideal framework because it is nonperturbative and does not require any prescribed power counting rule. The power counting is determined systematically from the scaling dimensions of the operators at the nontrivial fixed point. The phase structure is emphasized and the inverse of the scattering length, which is identified as a relevant coupling, is shown to play a role of the order parameter. The relations to the work done by Birse, McGovern, and Richardson and to the Kaplan-Savage-Wise scheme are explained.
Virial Theorem for Non-relativistic Quantum Fields in D Spatial Dimensions
Lin, Chris L
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The virial theorem for non-relativistic complex fields in $D$ spatial dimensions and with arbitrary many-body potential is derived, using path-integral methods and scaling arguments recently developed to analyze quantum anomalies in lower-dimensional systems. The potential appearance of a Jacobian $J$ due to a change of variables in the path-integral expression for the partition function of the system is pointed out, although in order to make contact with the literature most of the analysis deals with the $J=1$ case. The virial theorem is recast into a form that displays the effect of microscopic scales on the thermodynamics of the system. From the point of view of this paper the case usually considered, $J=1$, is not natural, and the generalization to the case $J\
Quantum lattice gas model of Dirac particles in 1+1 dimensions
Jeffrey Yepez
2013-07-12T23:59:59.000Z
Presented is a quantum computing representation of Dirac particle dynamics. The approach employs an operator splitting method that is an analytically closed-form product decomposition of the unitary evolution operator. This allows the Dirac equation to be cast as a unitary finite-difference equation in a high-energy limit. The split evolution operator (with separate kinetic and interaction terms) is useful for efficient quantum simulation. For pedagogical purposes, here we restrict the treatment to Dirac particle dynamics in 1+1 spacetime dimensions. Independent derivations of the quantum algorithm are presented and the model's validity is tested in several quantum simulations by comparing the numerical results against analytical predictions. Using the relativistic quantum algorithm in the case when mc^2 >> pc, quantum simulations of a nonrelativistic particle in an external scalar square well and parabolic potential is presented.
Neuronal micro-culture engineering by microchannel devices of cellular scale dimensions
Goyal, Gaurav
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of microchannel geometry on neuronal cultures and to maintain these cultures for long period of time (over several weeks) inside the closed microchannels of cellular scale dimensions. Methods: The primary hippocampal neurons from E-18 rat were cultured inside the closed polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microchannels of varying sizes. The effect of the channel geometry on the spatial and the temporal variations in the neural microenvironment was investigated by studying neural maturation and variation in the media osmolality respectively. The cultures were maintained for longer time spans by PDMS device pretreatment, control on media evaporation (by using hydrophobic ethylene propylene membrane) and an effective culture maintenance protocol. Further, the devices were integrated with the planar microelectrode arrays (MEA) to record spontaneous electrical activity. Results: A direct influence of channel geometry on neuron maturation was observed ...
Peng Ye; Zheng-Cheng Gu
2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
Bosonic topological insulators (BTI) in three spatial dimensions are symmetry protected topological (SPT) phases with U(1)$\\rtimes$Z$^T_2$ symmetry, where U(1) is boson particle number conservation, and Z$^T_2$ is time-reversal symmetry with $\\mathcal{T}^2=1$. BTI were first proposed based on the group cohomology theory which suggests two distinct root states, each carrying a $\\mathbb{Z}_2$ index. Soon after, surface anomalous topological orders were proposed to identify different root states of BTI, leading to a new BTI root state beyond the group cohomology classification. Nevertheless, it is still unclear what is the universal physical mechanism for BTI phases and what kinds of microscopic Hamiltonians can realize them. In this paper, we answer the first question by proposing a universal physical mechanism via vortex-line condensation in a superfluid, which can potentially be realized in realistic systems, e.g., helium-4 or cold atoms in optical lattices. Using such a simple physical picture, we find three root phases, of which two of them are classified by group cohomology theory while the other is beyond group cohomology classification. The physical picture also leads to a "natural" bulk dynamic topological quantum field theory (TQFT) description for BTI phases and gives rise to a possible physical pathway towards experimental realizations. Finally, we generalize the vortex-line condensation picture to other symmetries and find that in three dimensions, even for a unitary Z$_2$ symmetry, there could be a nontrivial Z$_2$ SPT phase beyond the group cohomology classification.
Ringel, Claus Michael
The global dimension of the endomorphism ring of a generator-cogenerator for a hereditary artin a -module which is both a generator and a cogenerator. We are going to describe the possibilities is called a generator if any projective module belongs to add M; it is called a cogenerator if any injective
Sites, James R.
that a plausible reason behind highly efficient thin-film CIGS solar cells ( > 17%) is an inherent valenceSimulation of Polycrystalline Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells in Two Dimensions Markus Gloeckler, Wyatt K) solar cells and its effects on solar-cell performance. The simulations predict that (1) for device
Christopher Shirley
2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of the present work is to establish decorrelation estimates at distinct energies for some random Schr\\"odinger operator in dimension one. In particular, we establish the result for some random operators on the continuum with alloy-type potential. These results are used to give a description of the spectral statistics.
``Problem Set Six'' (1) In free scalar field theory in four dimensions, with mass m, calculate ij + \\Sigma ij , where \\Sigma ij , the ``selfÂenergy,'' is to be computed from loops. A very fundamental property of \\Sigma ij is that in momentum space k i \\Sigma ij (k) = 0. (An explanation of why
The Dimension of the Brownian Frontier is Greater Than 1. Christopher J. Bishop1, Peter W. Jones2,
Bishop, Christopher
The Dimension of the Brownian Frontier is Greater Than 1 motion run for finite time. The frontier or "outer b* *oundary" of the path is the boundary of the unbounded component of the complement. Burdzy (1989* *) showed that the frontier has infinite length. We
California at Santa Barbara, University of
ESM 595TT: Biodiversity in Forest and Ocean Ecosystems (2 units) Dimensions of Biodiversity, and taxonomic) of biodiversity and create fundamental advances within biodiversity science. The innovative on the relationship between biodiversity and environmental or anthropogenic drivers and/or the relationship between
C/O RATIO AS A DIMENSION FOR CHARACTERIZING EXOPLANETARY ATMOSPHERES
Madhusudhan, Nikku, E-mail: Nikku.Madhusudhan@yale.edu [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States)
2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
Until recently, infrared observations of exoplanetary atmospheres have typically been interpreted using models that assumed solar elemental abundances. With the chemical composition fixed, attempts have been made to classify hot Jupiter atmospheres on the basis of stellar irradiation. However, recent observations have revealed deviations from predictions based on such classification schemes, and chemical compositions retrieved from some data sets have also indicated non-solar abundances. The data require a two-dimensional (2D) characterization scheme with dependence on both irradiation and chemistry. In this work, we suggest the carbon-to-oxygen (C/O) ratio as an important second dimension for characterizing exoplanetary atmospheres. In hot-hydrogen-dominated atmospheres, the C/O ratio critically influences the relative concentrations of several spectroscopically dominant species. Between a C/O of 0.5 (solar value) and 2, the H{sub 2}O and CH{sub 4} abundances can vary by several orders of magnitude in the observable atmosphere, and new hydrocarbon species such as HCN and C{sub 2}H{sub 2} become prominent for C/O {>=} 1, while the CO abundance remains almost unchanged. Furthermore, a C/O {>=} 1 can preclude a strong thermal inversion due to TiO and VO in a hot Jupiter atmosphere, since TiO and VO are naturally underabundant for C/O {>=} 1. We, therefore, suggest a new 2D classification scheme for hydrogen-dominated exoplanetary atmospheres with irradiation (or temperature) and C/O ratio as the two dimensions. We define four classes in this 2D space (O1, O2, C1, and C2) with distinct chemical, thermal, and spectral properties. Based on the most recent observations, we characterize the thermal structure and C/O ratios of six hot Jupiters (XO-1b, CoRoT-2b, WASP-14b, WASP-19b, WASP-33b, and WASP-12b) in the framework of our proposed 2D classification scheme. While the data for several systems in our sample are consistent with C-rich atmospheres, new observations are required to conclusively constrain their C/O ratios in the day side as well as the terminator regions of their atmospheres. We discuss how observations using existing and forthcoming facilities can constrain C/O ratios in exoplanetary atmospheres.
A dimension-breaking phenomenon for water waves with weak surface tension
Mark D. Groves; Shu-Ming Sun; Erik Wahlén
2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
It is well known that the water-wave problem with weak surface tension has small-amplitude line solitary-wave solutions which to leading order are described by the nonlinear Schr\\"odinger equation. The present paper contains an existence theory for three-dimensional periodically modulated solitary-wave solutions which have a solitary-wave profile in the direction of propagation and are periodic in the transverse direction; they emanate from the line solitary waves in a dimension-breaking bifurcation. In addition, it is shown that the line solitary waves are linearly unstable to long-wavelength transverse perturbations. The key to these results is a formulation of the water wave problem as an evolutionary system in which the transverse horizontal variable plays the role of time, a careful study of the purely imaginary spectrum of the operator obtained by linearising the evolutionary system at a line solitary wave, and an application of an infinite-dimensional version of the classical Lyapunov centre theorem.
Hamiltonian dynamics of an exotic action for gravity in three dimensions
Escalante, Alberto, E-mail: aescalan@ifuap.buap.mx; Manuel-Cabrera, J., E-mail: jmanuel@ifuap.buap.mx
2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Hamiltonian dynamics and the canonical covariant formalism for an exotic action in three dimensions are performed. By working with the complete phase space, we report a complete Hamiltonian description of the theory such as the extended action, the extended Hamiltonian, the algebra among the constraints, the Dirac’s brackets and the correct gauge transformations. In addition, we show that in spite of exotic action and tetrad gravity with a cosmological constant give rise to the same equations of motion, they are not equivalent, in fact, we show that their corresponding Dirac’s brackets are quite different. Finally, we construct a gauge invariant symplectic form which in turn represents a complete Hamiltonian description of the covariant phase space. -- Highlights: •We report a detailed Hamiltonian analysis for an exotic action of gravity. •We show that Palatini and exotic actions are not equivalent. •The exotic action is a non-commutative theory. •The fundamental gauge transformations of the theory are ?-deformed Poincaré transformations. •A Lorentz and gauge invariant symplectic two-form is constructed.
A Generalized Contou-Carrère Symbol and its Reciprocity Laws in Higher Dimensions.
Oliver Braunling; Michael Groechenig; Jesse Wolfson
We generalize the theory of Contou-Carrère symbols to higher dimensions. To an $(n+1)$-tuple $f_0,\\dots,f_n \\in A((t_1))\\cdots((t_n))^{\\times}$, where $A$ denotes a commutative algebra over a field $k$, we associate an element $(f_0,\\dots,f_n) \\in A^{\\times}$, compatible with the higher tame symbol for $k = A$, and earlier constructions for $n = 1$, by Contou-Carrère, and $n = 2$ by Osipov--Zhu. Our definition is based on the notion of \\emph{higher commutators} for central extensions of groups by spectra, thereby extending the approach of Arbarello--de Concini--Kac and Anderson--Pablos Romo. Following Beilinson--Bloch--Esnault for the case $n=1$, we allow $A$ to be arbitrary, and do not restrict to artinian $A$. Previous work of the authors on Tate objects in exact categories, and the index map in algebraic $K$-theory is essential in anchoring our approach to its predecessors. We also revisit categorical formal completions, in the context of stable $\\infty$-categories. Using these tools, we describe the higher Contou-Carrère symbol as a composition of boundary maps in algebraic $K$-theory, and conclude the article by proving a version of Parshin--Kato reciprocity for higher Contou-Carrère symbols.
Search for Kaluza-Klein gravitons in extra dimension models via forward detectors at the LHC
Cho, Gi-Chol; Mawatari, Kentarou; Yamashita, Kimiko
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate contributions of Kaluza-Klein (KK) graviton in extra dimension models to the process $pp \\to p\\gamma p \\to p\\gamma j X$, where a proton emits a quasireal photon and is detected by using the very forward detectors planned at the LHC. In addition to the $\\gamma q$ initial state as in the Compton scattering in the Standard Model, the $\\gamma g$ scattering contributes through the $t$-channel exchange of KK gravitons. Taking account of pileup contributions to the background and examining viable kinematical cuts, constraints on the parameter space of both the ADD (Arkani-Hamed, Dimopoulos and Dvali) model and the RS (Randall and Sundrum) model are studied. With 200 fb$^{-1}$ data at a center-of-mass energy of 14 TeV, the expected lower bound on the cut-off scale for the ADD model is 6.3 TeV at 95% confidence level, while a lower limit of 2.0 (0.5) TeV is set on the mass of the first excited graviton with the coupling parameter $k/\\overline{M}_{\\rm Pl}=0.1$ (0.01) for the RS model.
Search for Kaluza-Klein gravitons in extra dimension models via forward detectors at the LHC
Gi-Chol Cho; Takanori Kono; Kentarou Mawatari; Kimiko Yamashita
2015-03-19T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate contributions of Kaluza-Klein (KK) graviton in extra dimension models to the process $pp \\to p\\gamma p \\to p\\gamma j X$, where a proton emits a quasireal photon and is detected by using the very forward detectors planned at the LHC. In addition to the $\\gamma q$ initial state as in the Compton scattering in the Standard Model, the $\\gamma g$ scattering contributes through the $t$-channel exchange of KK gravitons. Taking account of pileup contributions to the background and examining viable kinematical cuts, constraints on the parameter space of both the ADD (Arkani-Hamed, Dimopoulos and Dvali) model and the RS (Randall and Sundrum) model are studied. With 200 fb$^{-1}$ data at a center-of-mass energy of 14 TeV, the expected lower bound on the cut-off scale for the ADD model is 6.3 TeV at 95% confidence level, while a lower limit of 2.0 (0.5) TeV is set on the mass of the first excited graviton with the coupling parameter $k/\\overline{M}_{\\rm Pl}=0.1$ (0.01) for the RS model.
Identification of interactions in fractional-order systems with high dimensions
Ji, Xiaoxi; Wu, Yu; Sheng, Wenbo [School of Mathematical Sciences and Centre for Computational Systems Biology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China)] [School of Mathematical Sciences and Centre for Computational Systems Biology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Lin, Wei, E-mail: wlin@fudan.edu.cn [School of Mathematical Sciences and Centre for Computational Systems Biology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China) [School of Mathematical Sciences and Centre for Computational Systems Biology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Shanghai Key Laboratory of Data Science, LMNS, and Shanghai Center for Mathematical Sciences, Shanghai 200433 (China)
2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
This article proposes an approach to identify fractional-order systems with sparse interaction structures and high dimensions when observation data are supposed to be experimentally available. This approach includes two steps: first, it is to estimate the value of the fractional order by taking into account the solution properties of fractional-order systems; second, it is to identify the interaction coefficients among the system variables by employing the compressed sensing technique. An error analysis is provided analytically for this approach and a further improved approach is also proposed. Moreover, the applicability of the proposed approach is fully illustrated by two examples: one is to estimate the mutual interactions in a complex dynamical network described by fractional-order systems, and the other is to identify a high fractional-order and homogeneous sequential differential equation, which is frequently used to describe viscoelastic phenomena. All the results demonstrate the feasibility of figuring out the system mechanisms behind the data experimentally observed in physical or biological systems with viscoelastic evolution characters.
Influence of the transverse dimension on the structure and properties of dc glow discharges
Bogdanov, E. A. [St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg 198904 (Russian Federation); Adams, S. F. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Demidov, V. I. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Kudryavtsev, A. A. [Department of Optics, St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg 198904 (Russian Federation); Williamson, J. M. [UES, Inc., 4401 Dayton-Xenia Rd., Beavercreek, Ohio 45432 (United States)
2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Two-dimensional (2D) simulations of a dc glow discharge with a cold cathode in argon have been performed for various radii of the discharge tube. It is shown that the loss of the charged particles to the walls can significantly affect plasma parameters as well as properties of the cathode sheath. The longitude dimensions of the negative glow and Faraday dark space depend on the transverse loss of the charge particles and are not consistently predicted with a 1D model. The common assumption that the cathode sheath can be analyzed independently of the plasma also may not be valid. The transverse inhomogeneity of the plasma leads to a change in the current density distribution over the cathode surface. The thickness of the cathode sheath can vary with radial distance from the discharge axis, even for the case of negligible radial loss of the charge particles. The 2D model results provide an analysis of the conditions of applicability of the 1D model.
Universal Aspects of Deconfinement: Interfaces, Flux Tubes and Self-Duality in 2+1 Dimensions
Lorenz von Smekal; Sam R. Edwards; Nils Strodthoff
2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
We study center vortex free energies and 't Hooft's electric fluxes on the lattice in 2+1 dimensions, where SU(2) for example, is in the universality class of the 2d Ising model. This places a wealth of exact results at our fingertips. In particular, spacelike center vortices in SU(2) near criticality correspond to spin interfaces in the 2d Ising model, whose universal scaling functions are known exactly. We exploit this to locate the deconfinement transition with unprecedented precision and subsequently for a finite size scaling analysis, where the self-duality of the $2d$ spin model is reflected in a duality between the spacelike vortices and confining electric fluxes. The corresponding relation between the string tension and its dual in the high temperature phase is arguably the simplest example of a universal amplitude ratio. Around the transition, both can be efficiently extracted from the exact results with a global one-parameter fit which allows straightforward continuum extrapolation.
Universal Aspects of Deconfinement: Interfaces, Flux Tubes and Self-Duality in 2+1 Dimensions
von Smekal, Lorenz; Strodthoff, Nils
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study center vortex free energies and 't Hooft's electric fluxes on the lattice in 2+1 dimensions, where SU(2) for example, is in the universality class of the 2d Ising model. This places a wealth of exact results at our fingertips. In particular, spacelike center vortices in SU(2) near criticality correspond to spin interfaces in the 2d Ising model, whose universal scaling functions are known exactly. We exploit this to locate the deconfinement transition with unprecedented precision and subsequently for a finite size scaling analysis, where the self-duality of the $2d$ spin model is reflected in a duality between the spacelike vortices and confining electric fluxes. The corresponding relation between the string tension and its dual in the high temperature phase is arguably the simplest example of a universal amplitude ratio. Around the transition, both can be efficiently extracted from the exact results with a global one-parameter fit which allows straightforward continuum extrapolation.
Murton, Mark; Bouchier, Francis A.; vanDongen, Dale T.; Mack, Thomas Kimball; Cutler, Robert Paul; Ross, Michael P.
2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Although technological advances provide new capabilities to increase the robustness of security systems, they also potentially introduce new vulnerabilities. New capability sometimes requires new performance requirements. This paper outlines an approach to establishing a key performance requirement for an emerging intrusion detection sensor: the sensored net. Throughout the security industry, the commonly adopted standard for maximum opening size through barriers is a requirement based on square inches-typically 96 square inches. Unlike standard rigid opening, the dimensions of a flexible aperture are not fixed, but variable and conformable. It is demonstrably simple for a human intruder to move through a 96-square-inch opening that is conformable to the human body. The longstanding 96-square-inch requirement itself, though firmly embedded in policy and best practice, lacks a documented empirical basis. This analysis concluded that the traditional 96-square-inch standard for openings is insufficient for flexible openings that are conformable to the human body. Instead, a circumference standard is recommended for these newer types of sensored barriers. The recommended maximum circumference for a flexible opening should be no more than 26 inches, as measured on the inside of the netting material.
Analytical thermodynamics of a strongly attractive three-component Fermi gas in one dimension
He Peng [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Yin Xiangguo; Wang Yupeng [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Guan Xiwen [Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Batchelor, Murray T. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Mathematical Sciences Institute, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)
2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Ultracold three-component atomic Fermi gases in one dimension are expected to exhibit rich physics due to the presence of trions and different pairing states. Quantum phase transitions from the trion state into a paired phase and a normal Fermi liquid occur at zero temperature. We derive the analytical thermodynamics of strongly attractive three-component one-dimensional fermions with SU(3) symmetry via the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz method in unequal Zeeman splitting fields H{sub 1} and H{sub 2}. We find explicitly that for low temperature the system acts like either a two-component or a three-component Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid dependent on the system parameters. The phase diagrams for the chemical potential and specific heat are presented for illustrative values of the Zeeman splitting. We also demonstrate that crossover between different Tomonaga-Luttinger-liquid phases exhibit singular behavior in specific heat and entropy as the temperature tends to zero. Beyond Tomonaga-Luttinger-liquid physics, we obtain the equation of state which provides a precise description of universal thermodynamics and quantum criticality in three-component, strongly attractive Fermi gases.
Realization of Bose-Einstein condensates in lower dimensions Bose-Einstein condensates of sodium dimensions exceeds the interaction energy between atoms. This realized condensates of lower dimensionality [1]. In anisotropic traps, a primary indicator of crossing the transition temperature for Bose- Einstein condensation
Testing Minimal Universal Extra Dimensions Using Higgs Boson Searches at the LHC
Genevieve Belanger; Alexander Belyaev; Matthew Brown; Mitsuru Kakizaki; Alexander Pukhov
2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z
Large Hadron Collider (LHC) searches for the SM Higgs boson provide a powerful limit on models involving Universal Extra Dimensions (UED) where the Higgs production is enhanced. We have evaluated all one-loop diagrams for Higgs production from gluon fusion and decay to two photons within "minimal" UED (mUED), independently confirming previous results, and we have evaluated enhancement factors for Higgs boson production and decay over the mUED parameter space. Using these we have derived limits on the parameter space, combining data from both ATLAS and CMS collaborations for the most recent 7 TeV and 8 TeV LHC data. We have performed a rigorous statistical combination of several Higgs boson search channels which is important because mUED signatures from the Higgs boson are not universally enhanced. We have found that 1/R 1000 GeV) around m_h = 118 GeV are left. The latter is likely to be excluded as more data becomes available whereas the region around 125 GeV is where the recently discovered Higgs-like particle was observed and therefore where the exclusion limit is weaker. It is worth stressing that mUED predicts an enhancement for all channels for Higgs production by gluon fusion and decay while the vector boson fusion process WW/ZZ -> h -> AA is generically suppressed and WW/ZZ -> h -> WW*/ZZ* is standard. Therefore, as more 8 TeV LHC data becomes available, the information on individual Higgs boson production and decay processes provided by the CMS and ATLAS experiments can be effectively used to favour mUED or exclude it further.
Note on Reversion, Rotation and Exponentiation in Dimensions Five and Six
E. Herzig; V. Ramakrishna; M. Dabkowski
2014-07-23T23:59:59.000Z
The explicit matrix realizations of the reversion anti-automorphism and the spin group depend on the set of matrices chosen to represent a basis of 1 -vectors for a given Clifford algebra. On the other hand, there are iterative procedures to obtain bases of 1-vectors for higher dimensional Clifford algebras, starting from those for lower dimensional ones. For a basis of 1-vectors for Cl (0, 5), obtained by applying such procedures to the Pauli basis of 1-vectors for Cl(3,0), we find that the matrix form of reversion involves neither of the two standard representations of the symplectic bilinear form. However, by making use of the relation between 4 X 4 real matrices and the tensor product of the quaternions with themselves, the matrix form of reversion for this basis of 1-vectors is identified. The corresponding version of the Lie algebra of the spin group, has useful matrix properties which are explored. Next, the form of reversion for a basis of 1-vectors for Cl(0,6) obtained iteratively from Cl(0,0) is obtained. This is then applied to the task of computing exponentials of 5X 5 and 6X 6 real skew-symmetric matrices in closed form, by reducing this to the simpler task of computing exponentials of certain 4X 4 matrices. For the latter purpose closed form expressions for the minimal polynomials of these 4 X 4 matrices are obtained, without having to compute their eigenstructure. Finally, a novel representation of Sp(4)is provided which may be of independent interest. Among the byproducts of this work are natural interpretations for some members of an orthogonal basis for M(4, R) provided by the isomorphism with the quaternion tensor product, and a first principles approach to the spin groups in dimensions five and six.
Quantum Field as a quantum cellular automaton: the Dirac free evolution in one dimension
Alessandro Bisio; Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano; Alessandro Tosini
2015-02-11T23:59:59.000Z
We present a quantum cellular automaton model in one space-dimension which has the Dirac equation as emergent. This model, a discrete-time and causal unitary evolution of a lattice of quantum systems, is derived from the assumptions of homogeneity, parity and time-reversal invariance. The comparison between the automaton and the Dirac evolutions is rigorously set as a discrimination problem between unitary channels. We derive an exact lower bound for the probability of error in the discrimination as an explicit function of the mass, the number and the momentum of the particles, and the duration of the evolution. Computing this bound with experimentally achievable values, we see that in that regime the QCA model cannot be discriminated from the usual Dirac evolution. Finally, we show that the evolution of one-particle states with narrow-band in momentum can be effi- ciently simulated by a dispersive differential equation for any regime. This analysis allows for a comparison with the dynamics of wave-packets as it is described by the usual Dirac equation. This paper is a first step in exploring the idea that quantum field theory could be grounded on a more fundamental quantum cellular automaton model and that physical dynamics could emerge from quantum information processing. In this framework, the discretization is a central ingredient and not only a tool for performing non-perturbative calculation as in lattice gauge theory. The automaton model, endowed with a precise notion of local observables and a full probabilistic interpretation, could lead to a coherent unification of an hypothetical discrete Planck scale with the usual Fermi scale of high-energy physics.
A. A. Ruzmaikina
2009-01-03T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we consider the Navier-Stokes Equations in 3 dimensions in the vorticity formulation in the absence of the external forces. We derive upper bounds on L_{infinity} norm of omega and use them together with the Local Existence and Uniqueness results to show Global Existence and Uniqueness of the solution provided that at t=0, L_{infinity} norm of omega is finite, or L_4 norm of omega is finite.
Dean Lee
1997-12-12T23:59:59.000Z
We study the singular Landau surfaces of planar diagrams contributing to scattering of a massless quark and antiquark in 3+1 dimensions. In particular, we look at singularities which remain after integration with respect to the various angular degrees of freedom. We derive a general relation between these singularities and the singularities of quark- antiquark scattering in 1+1 dimensions. We then classify all Landau surfaces of the 1+1 dimensional system. Combining these results, we deduce that the singular surfaces of the angle- integrated 3+1 dimensional amplitude must satisfy at least one of three conditions, which we call the planar light-cone conditions. We discuss the extension of our results to non-perturbative processes by means of the non-perturbative operator product expansion. Our findings offer new insights into the connection between the 't Hooft model and large-N_c mesons in 3+1 dimensions and may prove useful in studies of confinement in relativistic meson systems.
Liu, Kuan-Hsien; Chou, Wu-Ching, E-mail: tcchang3708@gmail.com, E-mail: wuchingchou@mail.nctu.edu.tw [Department of Electrophysics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsin-chu 300, Taiwan (China); Chang, Ting-Chang, E-mail: tcchang3708@gmail.com, E-mail: wuchingchou@mail.nctu.edu.tw [Department of Physics, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China); Advanced Optoelectronics Technology Center, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan (China); Chen, Hua-Mao; Tai, Ya-Hsiang [Department of Photonics and Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsin-chu 300, Taiwan (China); Tsai, Ming-Yen; Hung, Pei-Hua; Chu, Ann-Kuo [Department of Photonics, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China); Wu, Ming-Siou; Hung, Yi-Syuan [Department of Electronics Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsin-Chu 300, Taiwan (China); Hsieh, Tien-Yu [Department of Physics, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan (China); Yeh, Bo-Liang [Advanced Display Technology Research Center, AU Optronics, No.1, Li-Hsin Rd. 2, Hsinchu Science Park, Hsin-Chu 30078, Taiwan (China)
2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
This paper investigates abnormal dimension-dependent thermal instability in amorphous indium-gallium-zinc-oxide (a-IGZO) thin-film transistors. Device dimension should theoretically have no effects on threshold voltage, except for in short channel devices. Unlike short channel drain-induced source barrier lowering effect, threshold voltage increases with increasing drain voltage. Furthermore, for devices with either a relatively large channel width or a short channel length, the output drain current decreases instead of saturating with an increase in drain voltage. Moreover, the wider the channel and the shorter the channel length, the larger the threshold voltage and output on-state current degradation that is observed. Because of the surrounding oxide and other thermal insulating material and the low thermal conductivity of the IGZO layer, the self-heating effect will be pronounced in wider/shorter channel length devices and those with a larger operating drain bias. To further clarify the physical mechanism, fast I{sub D}-V{sub G} and modulated peak/base pulse time I{sub D}-V{sub D} measurements are utilized to demonstrate the self-heating induced anomalous dimension-dependent threshold voltage variation and on-state current degradation.
Predicting Pattern Tooling and Casting Dimensions for Investment Casting, Phase III
Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL
2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Efforts during Phase III focused mainly on the shell-alloy systems. A high melting point alloy, 17-4PH stainless steel, was considered. The experimental part of the program was conducted at ORNL and commercial foundries, where wax patterns were injected, molds were invested, and alloys were poured. Shell molds made of fused-silica and alumino-silicates were considered. A literature review was conducted on thermophysical and thermomechanical properties alumino-silicates. Material property data, which were not available from material suppliers, was obtained. For all the properties of 17-4PH stainless steel, the experimental data available in the literature did not cover the entire temperature range necessary for process simulation. Thus, some material properties were evaluated using ProCAST, based on CompuTherm database. A comparison between the predicted material property data and measured property data was made. It was found that most material properties were accurately predicted only over several temperature ranges. No experimental data for plastic modulus were found. Thus, several assumptions were made and ProCAST recommendations were followed in order to obtain a complete set of mechanical property data at high temperatures. Thermal expansion measurements for the 17-4PH alloy were conducted during heating and cooling. As a function of temperature, the thermal expansion for both the alloy and shell mold materials showed different evolution on heating and cooling. Numerical simulations were performed using ProCAST for the investment casting of 17-4PH stainless steel parts in fused silica molds using the thermal expansion obtained on heating and another one with thermal expansion obtained on cooling. Since the fused silica shells had the lowest thermal expansion properties in the industry, the dewaxing phase, including the coupling between wax-shell systems, was neglected. The shell mold was considered to be a pure elastic material. The alloy dimensions were obtained from numerical simulations. For 17-4PH stainless steel parts, the alloy shrinkage factors were over-predicted, as compared with experimental data. Additional R&D focus was placed on obtaining material property data for filled waxes, waxes that are common in the industry. For the first time in the investment casting industry, the thermo-mechanical properties of unfilled and filled waxes were measured. Test specimens of three waxes were injected at commercial foundries. Rheometry measurement of filled waxes was conducted at ORNL. The analysis of the rheometry data to obtain viscoelastic properties was not completed due to the reduction in the budget of the project (approximately 50% funds were received).
Deta, U. A., E-mail: utamaalan@yahoo.co.id [Theoretical Physics Group, Physics Department of Post Graduate Program, Sebelas Maret University, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Indonesia and Physics Department, State University of Surabaya, Jl. Ketintang, Surabaya 60231 (Indonesia); Suparmi,; Cari,; Husein, A. S.; Yuliani, H.; Khaled, I. K. A.; Luqman, H.; Supriyanto [Theoretical Physics Group, Physics Department of Post Graduate Program, Sebelas Maret University, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126 (Indonesia)
2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
The Energy Spectra and Wave Function of Schrodinger equation in D-Dimensions for trigonometric Rosen-Morse potential were investigated analytically using Nikiforov-Uvarov method. This potential captures the essential traits of the quark-gluon dynamics of Quantum Chromodynamics. The approximate energy spectra are given in the close form and the corresponding approximate wave function for arbitrary l-state (l ? 0) in D-dimensions are formulated in the form of differential polynomials. The wave function of this potential unnormalizable for general case. The wave function of this potential unnormalizable for general case. The existence of extra dimensions (centrifugal factor) and this potential increase the energy spectra of system.
auxiliary brakes: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
is modified to increase the productivity. The new fixture design is carried out by using CATIA V5 modeling software and it is critically evaluated for the failure of piston rod...
ORNL/Pub40701 Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake
, and International Nuclear Information System (INIS) representatives from the following source. Office of Scientific
aircraft braking system: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
is to develop a thermoelastic Haviland, David 174 The 2011 Cessna Aircraft CompanyRaytheon Missile Systems DesignBuildFly Competition Flyoff was held at TIMPA Field in...
Global chassis control using braking and suspension systems P. Gaspar
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
. Poussot-Vassal , O. Sename , L. Dugard *Computer and Automation Research Institute, Hungary **Laboratoire active control mechanisms are applied in road vehicles to solve different control tasks, see e.g. [1,5,6,7]. As an example, the suspension system is the main tool to achieve comfort and road holding for a vehicle whilst
Modeling of air brakes for onboard diagnostics of heavy trucks
Kankanala, Penchala N
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Accidents involving commercial vehicles have disastrous consequences; most of the times they result in human fatalities, environmental damage, traffic congestion leading to fuel wastage and associated productivity losses. Moreover, with the rapid...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Large-dimension, high-ZT BiTe and Pb-based nanocomposites produced with a low-cost scalable process were used for development and testing of TE module prototypes, and demonstration of a waste heat recovery system
Taylor, Frank E.
A search for nonresonant new phenomena, originating from either contact interactions or large extra spatial dimensions, has been carried out using events with two isolated electrons or muons. These events, produced at the ...
M. N. Piacquadio Losada
2007-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
The Cantor set complementary to the Devil's Staircase associated with the Circle Map has a fractal dimension d approximately equal to 0.87, a value that is universal for a wide range of maps, such results being of a numerical character. In this paper we deduce a formula for such dimensional value. The Devil's Staircase associated with the Circle Map is a function that transforms horizontal unit interval I onto vertical I, and is endowed with the Farey-Brocot (F-B) structure in the vertical axis via the rational heights of stability intervals. The underlying Cantor-dust fractal set Omega in the horizontal axis --Omega contained in I, with fractal dimension d(Omega) approx. 0.87-- has a natural covering with segments that also follow the F-B hierarchy: therefore, the staircase associates vertical I (of unit dimension) with horizontal Omega in I (of dimension approx. 0.87), i.e. it selects a certain subset Omega of I, both sets F- B structured, the selected Omega with smaller dimension than that of I. Hence, the structure of the staircase mirrors the F- B hierarchy. In this paper we consider the subset Omega-F-B of I that concentrates the measure induced by the F-B partition and calculate its Hausdorff dimension, i.e. the entropic or information dimension of the F-B measure, and show that it coincides with d(Omega) approx. 0.87. Hence, this dimensional value stems from the F-B structure, and we draw conclusions and conjectures from this fact. Finally, we calculate the statistical "Euclidean" dimension (based on the ordinary Lebesgue measure) of the F-B partition, and we show that it is the same as d(Omega-F-B), which permits conjecturing on the universality of the dimensional value d approximately equal to 0.87.
Grin', E. A.; Bochkarev, V. I. [JSC 'All-Russia Thermal Engineering Institute' (JSC 'VTI') (Russian Federation)] [JSC 'All-Russia Thermal Engineering Institute' (JSC 'VTI') (Russian Federation)
2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
An approach for estimating the permissible dimensions of technological defects in butt welded joints in category III and IV pipelines is described. The allowable size of a welding defect is determined from the condition of compliance with the specifications on strength for a reference cross section (damaged joint) of the pipeline taking into account its weakening by a given defect.With regard to the fairly widespread discovery of technological defects in butt welded joints during diagnostics of auxiliary pipelines for thermal electric power plants, the proposed approach can be used in practice by repair and consulting organizations.
A. G. Beda; A. S. Gerasimov
2007-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
The thermal heating of aligned nuclear targets of HIO_3, LiIO_3 ans Sb target materials under neutron irradiation at JSNS is considered. It is shown that presently the targets of large volumes (several tens of cm^3) can be used in experiment. The optimal target dimensions are recommended for investigation with resonance neutrons. The use of proposed aligned targets at the new neutron spallation source JSNS (Japan) will make p[ossible to discover TRIV or decrease the present limit on the intensity of parity conserving time violating interaction by two-three order of magnitude.
Chair, Noureddine, E-mail: n.chair@ju.edu.jo
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
We have recently developed methods for obtaining exact two-point resistance of the complete graph minus N edges. We use these methods to obtain closed formulas of certain trigonometrical sums that arise in connection with one-dimensional lattice, in proving Scott’s conjecture on permanent of Cauchy matrix, and in the perturbative chiral Potts model. The generalized trigonometrical sums of the chiral Potts model are shown to satisfy recursion formulas that are transparent and direct, and differ from those of Gervois and Mehta. By making a change of variables in these recursion formulas, the dimension of the space of conformal blocks of SU(2) and SO(3) WZW models may be computed recursively. Our methods are then extended to compute the corner-to-corner resistance, and the Kirchhoff index of the first non-trivial two-dimensional resistor network, 2×N. Finally, we obtain new closed formulas for variant of trigonometrical sums, some of which appear in connection with number theory. -- Highlights: • Alternative derivation of certain trigonometrical sums of the chiral Potts model are given. • Generalization of these trigonometrical sums satisfy recursion formulas. • The dimension of the space of conformal blocks may be computed from these recursions. • Exact corner-to-corner resistance, the Kirchhoff index of 2×N are given.
K. Michael Salerno; Mark O. Robbins
2015-03-14T23:59:59.000Z
Molecular dynamics simulations with varying damping are used to examine the effects of inertia and spatial dimension on sheared disordered solids in the athermal, quasistatic limit. In all cases the distribution of avalanche sizes follows a power law over at least three orders of magnitude in dissipated energy or stress drop. Scaling exponents are determined using finite-size scaling for systems with thousands to millions of particles. Three distinct universality classes are identified corresponding to overdamped and underdamped limits, as well as a crossover damping that separates the two regimes. For each universality class, the exponent describing the avalanche distributions is the same in two and three dimensions. The spatial extent of plastic damage is proportional to the energy dissipated in an avalanche. Both rise much more rapidly with system size in the underdamped limit where inertia is important. Inertia also lowers the mean energy of configurations sampled by the system and leads to an excess of large events like that seen in earthquake distributions for individual faults. The distribution of stress values during shear narrows to zero with increasing system size and may provide useful information about the size of elemental events in experimental systems. For overdamped and crossover systems the stress variation scales inversely with the square root of the system size. For underdamped systems the variation is determined by the size of the largest events.
Losada, M N Piacquadio
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Cantor set complementary to the Devil's Staircase associated with the Circle Map has a fractal dimension d approximately equal to 0.87, a value that is universal for a wide range of maps, such results being of a numerical character. In this paper we deduce a formula for such dimensional value. The Devil's Staircase associated with the Circle Map is a function that transforms horizontal unit interval I onto vertical I, and is endowed with the Farey-Brocot (F-B) structure in the vertical axis via the rational heights of stability intervals. The underlying Cantor-dust fractal set Omega in the horizontal axis --Omega contained in I, with fractal dimension d(Omega) approx. 0.87-- has a natural covering with segments that also follow the F-B hierarchy: therefore, the staircase associates vertical I (of unit dimension) with horizontal Omega in I (of dimension approx. 0.87), i.e. it selects a certain subset Omega of I, both sets F- B structured, the selected Omega with smaller dimension than that of I. Hence, the...
Exact de Rham Sequences of Spaces Defined on Macro-elements in Two and Three Spatial Dimensions
Pasciak, J; Vassilevski, P
2007-07-23T23:59:59.000Z
This paper proposes new finite element spaces that can be constructed for agglomerates of standard elements that have certain regular structure. The main requirement is that the agglomerates share faces that have closed boundaries composed of 1-d edges. The spaces resulting from the agglomerated elements are subspaces of the original de Rham sequence of H{sup 1}-conforming, H(curl) conforming, H(div) conforming and piecewise constant spaces associated with an unstructured 'fine' mesh. The procedure can be recursively applied so that a sequence of nested de Rham complexes can be constructed. As an illustration we generate coarser spaces from the sequence corresponding to the lowest order Nedelec spaces, lowest order Raviart-Thomas spaces, and for piecewise linear H{sup 1}-conforming spaces, all in three-dimensions. The resulting V-cycle multigrid methods used in preconditioned conjugate gradient iterations appear to perform similar to those of the geometrically refined case.
R. Casana; M. M. Ferreira Jr; R. V. Maluf; F. E. P. dos Santos
2013-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
In this letter we show for the first time that the usual CPT-even gauge term of the standard model extension (SME) can be radiatively generated, in a gauge invariant level, in the context of a modified QED endowed with a dimension-five nonminimal coupling term recently proposed in the literature. As a consequence, the existing upper bounds on the coefficients of the tensor $(K_{F}) $ can be used improve the bounds on the magnitude of the nonminimal coupling, $\\lambda(K_{F}),$ by the factors $10^{5}$ or $10^{25}.$ The nonminimal coupling also generates higher-order derivative contributions to the gauge field effective action quadratic terms.
Casana, R; Maluf, R V; Santos, F E P dos
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this letter we show for the first time that the usual CPT-even gauge term of the standard model extension (SME) can be radiatively generated, \\textbf{}in a gauge invariant level, in the context of a modified QED endowed with a dimension-five nonminimal coupling term recently proposed in the literature. As a consequence, the existing upper bounds on the coefficients of the tensor $(K_{F}) $ can be used improve the bounds on the magnitude of the nonminimal coupling, $\\lambda(K_{F}),$ by the factors $10^{5}$ or $10^{25}.$ The nonminimal coupling also generates higher-order derivative contributions to the gauge field effective action quadratic terms.
Heffner, J
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Yang-Mills theory is studied at finite temperature within the Hamiltonian approach in Coulomb gauge by means of the variational principle using a Gaussian type ansatz for the vacuum wave functional. Temperature is introduced by compactifying one spatial dimension. As a consequence the finite temperature behavior is encoded in the vacuum wave functional calculated on the spatial manifold $\\mathbb{R}^2 \\times \\mathrm {S}^1 (L)$ where $L^{-1}$ is the temperature. The finite-temperature equations of motion are obtained by minimizing the vacuum energy density to two-loop order. We show analytically that these equations yield the correct zero-temperature limit while at infinite temperature they reduce to the equations of the $2$+$1$-dimensional theory in accordance with dimensional reduction. The resulting propagators are compared to those obtained from the grand canonical ensemble where an additional ansatz for the density matrix is required.
Luis C. B. Crispino; Atsushi Higuchi; George E. A. Matsas
2010-12-16T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the low-frequency absorption cross section of the electromagnetic waves for the extreme Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in higher dimensions. We first construct the exact solutions to the relevant wave equations in the zero-frequency limit. In most cases it is possible to use these solutions to find the transmission coefficients of partial waves in the low-frequency limit. We use these transmission coefficients to calculate the low-frequency absorption cross section in five and six spacetime dimensions. We find that this cross section is dominated by the modes with l=2 in the spherical-harmonic expansion rather than those with l=1, as might have been expected, because of the mixing between the electromagnetic and gravitational waves. We also find an upper limit for the low-frequency absorption cross section in dimensions higher than six.
Carrera, Edgar Fernando; /Florida State U.
2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation presents a search for large extra dimensions in the single photon plus missing transverse energy final states. We use a data sample of approximately 2.7 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV (recorded with the D{sup -} detector) to investigate direct Kaluza Klein graviton production and set limits, at the 95% C.L., on the fundamental mass scale M{sub D} from 970 GeV to 816 GeV for two to eight extra dimensions.
Human Dimensions Tools and Resources1 Prepared by: U.S. Geological Survey, Colorado State...........................................................................................Page 20 1 For questions or more information about this tools and resources list, please contact Tara Teel.census.gov/acs/www/guidance_for_data_users/handbooks/ Social Science Data Analysis Network Â provides print publications and online tools and resources to aid
S. A. Fulling; K. Kirsten
2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
We offer a clarification of the significance of the indicated paper of H. Cheng. Cheng's conclusions about the attractive nature of Casimir forces between parallel plates are valid beyond the particular model in which he derived them; they are likely to be relevant to other recent literature on the effects of hidden dimensions on Casimir forces.
Ilker, Efe
Spin-glass phases and phase transitions for q-state clock models and their q ? ? limit the XY model, in spatial dimension d = 3, are studied by a detailed renormalization-group study that is exact for the d = 3 hierarchical ...
Gao, Song
Variable Dimensionality from Mononuclear and Trinuclear to One and Two Dimensions: A Series-H,,,O hydrogen bonding. The introduction of the second spacer, 4,4-bipyridine, generated a 2D architecture [Cu advantages, compared with 4,4-bipyridine: (a) it has a longer spacer that allows for constructing microporous
Proceedings of the Second Conference on the Human Dimensions of Wildland Fire GTR-NRS-P-84 67, and the wilderness resource itself. The USFS recently developed a fire management plan and conducted an environmental, restoration of these degraded longleaf pine- dominated ecosystems is a regional priority (Gilliam and Platt
Harold C. Steinacker; Jochen Zahn
2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
We find new vacuum solutions of ${\\cal N}=4$ super-Yang-Mills with totally anti-symmetric cubic soft SUSY breaking terms, or equivalently solutions of the IKKT matrix model of type $\\mathbb{R}^4_\\theta \\times {\\cal K}_N$ with flux terms. The solutions can be understood in terms of 4- and 6- dimensional fuzzy branes ${\\cal K}_N$ in extra dimensions, describing self-intersecting projections of compact flag manifolds of $SU(3)$. The 6-dimensional solutions provide a 6-fold covering of the internal space near the origin, while the 4-dimensional branes have a triple self-intersections spanning all 6 internal directions. The solutions have lower energy than the trivial vacuum, and we prove that there are no negative modes. The massless modes are identified explicitly. In particular there are chiral fermionic zero modes, linking the coincident sheets with opposite flux at the origin. They have a $\\mathbb{Z}_3$ family symmetry, originating from the Weyl group rotations.
Unusual behavior of sound velocity of a Bose gas in an optical superlattice at quasi-one-dimension
Lei Chen; Zhu Chen; Wu Li; Zhidong Zhang; Zhaoxin Liang
2014-12-20T23:59:59.000Z
A Bose gas trapped in a one-dimensional optical superlattice has emerged as a novel superfluid characterized by tunable lattice topologies and tailored band structures. In this work, we focus on the propagation of sound in such a novel system and have found new features on sound velocity, which arises from the interplay between the two lattices with different periodicity and is not present in the case of a condensate in a monochromatic optical lattice. Particularly, this is the first time that the sound velocity is found to first increase and then decrease as the superlattice strength increases even at one dimension. Such unusual behavior can be analytically understood in terms of the competition between the decreasing compressibility and the increasing effective mass due to the increasing superlattice strength. This result suggests a new route to engineer the sound velocity by manipulating the superlattice's parameters. All the calculations based on the mean-field theory are justified by checking the exponent $\\gamma$ of the off-diagonal one-body density matrix that is much smaller than 1. Finally, the conditions for possible experimental realization of our scenario are also discussed.
Foston, M.; Katahira, R.; Gjersing, E.; Davis, M. F.; Ragauskas, A. J.
2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
The average spatial dimensions between major biopolymers within the plant cell wall can be resolved using a solid-state NMR technique referred to as a {sup 13}C cross-polarization (CP) SELDOM (selectively by destruction of magnetization) with a mixing time delay for spin diffusion. Selective excitation of specific aromatic lignin carbons indicates that lignin is in close proximity to hemicellulose followed by amorphous and finally crystalline cellulose. {sup 13}C spin diffusion time constants (T{sub SD}) were extracted using a two-site spin diffusion theory developed for {sup 13}C nuclei under magic angle spinning (MAS) conditions. These time constants were then used to calculate an average lower-limit spin diffusion length between chemical groups within the plant cell wall. The results on untreated {sup 13}C enriched corn stover stem reveal that the lignin carbons are, on average, located at distances {approx}0.7-2.0 nm from the carbons in hemicellulose and cellulose, whereas the pretreated material had larger separations.
of Bose-Einstein Condensates in Lower Dimensions A. GÃ¶rlitz,* J. M. Vogels, A. E. Leanhardt, C. Raman, T-Einstein condensates of sodium atoms have been prepared in optical and magnetic traps in which the energy-level spacing in one or two dimensions exceeds the interaction energy between atoms, re- alizing condensates of lower
unknown authors
• Focused for maximum sensitivity • Choice of phototransistor, photodarlington or base-emitter resistor • Low cost plastic housing Product Photo Here Description: The OPB702 series consists of an infrared Light Emitting Diode (LED) or red Visible Light Emitting Diode (VLED) and the choice of a NPN silicon phototransistor (OPB702), a photodarlington (OPB702D) or a base-emitter resistor for low light suppression (OPB702R, OPB702RR). On each sensor, the LED and the phototransistor, photodarlington or base-emitter resistor are mounted side-byside on converging optical axes in a black plastic housing. The OPB702 uses type OP505 sensor, the OPB702D uses an OP535 sensor and the OPB702R, OPR702RR uses an OP705 sensor. Custom electrical, wire, cabling and connectors are available. Contact your local representative or OPTEK for more information. Applications: • Non-contact reflective object sensor • Assembly line automation • Machine automation • Machine safety • End of travel sensor • Door sensor Part Number
structures 2 Dimensionality Reduction in HammingMetric Theorem: For any r and eps>0 (small enough: -- If D(p,q)eps/10)t -- If D(p,q)>(1+eps)r then D(G(p), G(q)) >(c+eps/20)t is at least 1ÂP, as long as t=C*log(2/P)/eps 2 , C large constant. . Given n points, we can reduce
Philosophical Dimensions Of Parapsychology
George, Tim
. He constructs a list of very general principles, heterogeneous in their logical status, which, he claims, constitute a kind of conceptual frame work for the educated Western man's and scientist's "world." These tenets bear on causation, the mode... wend its way into being a concern for those investigating telepathy or clairvoy ance. The reasons are, at least in part, historical* The survival hypothesis got invoked by quite a number of theorists early on in psychical research to solve those...
Siamak S. Gousheh; Soheila S. Mousavi; Leila Shahkarami
2014-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the vacuum polarization and the Casimir energy of a Dirac field coupled to a scalar potential in one spatial dimension. Both of these effects have a common cause which is the distortion of the spectrum due to the coupling with the background field. Choosing the potential to be a symmetrical square-well, the problem becomes exactly solvable and we can find the whole spectrum of the system, analytically. We show that the total number of states and the total density remain unchanged as compared with the free case, as one expects. Furthermore, since the positive- and negative-energy eigenstates of the fermion are fermion-number conjugates of each other and there is no zero-energy bound state, the total density and the total number of negative and positive states remain unchanged, separately. Therefore, the vacuum polarization in this model is zero for any choice of the parameters of the potential. It is important to note that although the vacuum polarization is zero due to the symmetries of the model, the Casimir energy of the system is not zero in general. In the graph of the Casimir energy as a function of the depth of the well there is a maximum approximately when the bound energy levels change direction and move back towards their continuum of origin. The Casimir energy for a fixed value of the depth is a linear function of the width and is always positive. Moreover, the Casimir energy density (the energy density of all the negative-energy states) and the energy density of all the positive-energy states are exactly the mirror images of each other. Finally, computing the total energy of a valence fermion present in the lowest fermionic bound state, taking into account the Casimir energy, we find that the lowest bound state is almost always unstable for the scalar potential.
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
1 Ã?tude de la dimension collective de l'usage des systÃ¨mes d'assistance Ã la conduite automobile en d'assistance Ã la conduite automobile trÃ¨s rÃ©pandu dont la fonction est de conserver une allure. Mots clÃ©s : SystÃ¨me d'aide Ã la conduite automobile ; Ergonomie ; RÃ©gulateur de vitesse conventionnel
Dimensions of Al proton beam-pipe '96 and '97 The beam-pipe for the '96 and '97 run includes segments 1 - 15*. Segments 1 - 26 were the final pipe as planned in '96. Beam-pipe segments start at Z0 15* 120 132 8592 149 1 133,4 8698 212 2863 welding material: + 3% 2949 Detector.xls(Al pipe) Page 1
Khodaee, Sadi; Toppan, Francesco [CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, cep 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (RJ) (Brazil)
2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
At critical values of the scaling dimension {lambda}, supermultiplets of the global N-extended one-dimensional supersymmetry algebra induce D-module representations of finite superconformal algebras (the latters being identified in terms of the global supermultiplet and its critical scaling dimension). For N=4,8 and global supermultiplets (k,N,N-k), the exceptional superalgebras D(2, 1;{alpha}) are recovered for N=4, with a relation between {alpha} and the scaling dimension given by {alpha}= (2 -k){lambda}. For N=8 and k{ne} 4 all four N=8 finite superconformal algebras are recovered, at the critical values {lambda}{sub k}=(1/k-4), with the following identifications: D(4, 1) for k= 0, 8, F(4) for k= 1, 7, A(3, 1) for k= 2, 6 and D(2, 2) for k= 3, 5. The N=7 global supermultiplet (1, 7, 7, 1) induces, at {lambda}=-(1/4), a D-module representation of the exceptional superalgebra G(3). D-module representations are applicable to the construction of superconformal mechanics in a Lagrangian setting. The isomorphism of the D(2, 1;{alpha}) algebras under an S{sub 3} group action on {alpha}, coupled with the relation between {alpha} and the scaling dimension {lambda}, induces non-trivial constraints on the admissible models of N=4 superconformal mechanics. The existence of new superconformal models is pointed out. For example, coupled (1, 4, 3) and (3, 4, 1) supermultiplets generate an N=4 superconformal mechanics if {lambda} is related to the golden ratio. The relation between classical versus quantum D-module representations is presented.
Costes, Sylvain Vincent
2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z
DEVELOPMENT OF A THREE-DIMENSIONAL PARTICLE IMAGE VELOCIMETRY ALGORITHM AND ANALYSIS OF SYNTHETIC AND EXPERIMENTAL FLOWS IN THREE-DIMENSIONS A Thesis by S YLVAIN VINCENT COSTES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A8t... . . . . 7 . . . . 8 . . . . 8 9 . . . . . 9 . . . 10 . 10 . . 12 13 . . . . 19 19 . . . . 19 19 . . 22 vu CHAPTER IV. B. 3. Determination of ph pih pj and prj IV. B. 4. Determination of horizontal refraction angles . . . . . IV. C...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
of Air Brakes 4 - Air Brakes and Parts 5 - Air Brake Hoses and Hose Supports 6 - Brake Beams 7 - Brake Beam Hangers 8 - Brake Beam Hanger Brackets and Bracket Wear Plates 9 -...
Doerry, Armin W. (Albuquerque, NM); Heard, Freddie E. (Albuquerque, NM); Cordaro, J. Thomas (Albuquerque, NM)
2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z
Motion measurement errors that extend beyond the range resolution of a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) can be corrected by effectively decreasing the range resolution of the SAR in order to permit measurement of the error. Range profiles can be compared across the slow-time dimension of the input data in order to estimate the error. Once the error has been determined, appropriate frequency and phase correction can be applied to the uncompressed input data, after which range and azimuth compression can be performed to produce a desired SAR image.
CMS Collaboration
2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
A search is presented for quark contact interactions and extra spatial dimensions in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV using dijet angular distributions. The search is based on a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns collected by the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. Dijet angular distributions are found to be in agreement with the perturbative QCD predictions that include electroweak corrections. Limits on the contact interaction scale from a variety of models at next-to-leading order in QCD corrections are obtained. A benchmark model in which only left-handed quarks participate is excluded up to a scale of 9.0 (11.7) TeV for destructive (constructive) interference at 95% confidence level. Lower limits between 6.0 and 8.4 TeV on the scale of virtual graviton exchange are extracted for the Arkani-Hamed--Dimopoulos--Dvali model of extra spatial dimensions.
N. Kiriushcheva; S. V. Kuzmin
2009-07-09T23:59:59.000Z
The Hamiltonian formulation of N-bein, Einstein-Cartan, gravity, using its first order form in any dimension higher than two, is analyzed. This Hamiltonian formulation allows to explicitly show where peculiarities of three dimensional case (\\textit{A.M.Frolov et al, 0902.0856 [gr-qc]}) occur and make a conjecture, based on presented in this report results, that there is one general for \\textit{all} dimensions characteristic of N-bein formulation of gravity: after elimination of second class constraints the algebra of Poisson brackets among remaining first class secondary constraints is the Poincare algebra and in all dimensions N-bein, Cartan-Einstein, gravity \\textit{is the Poincare gauge theory}. The gauge symmetry corresponding to the algebra of first class constraints has two parameters - rotational (Lorentz) and translational. Translational invariance is common to all dimensions but some terms in general expressions for gauge transformations of N-beins and connections are zero in a particular, three dimensional, case. The proof of our conjecture is outlined in detail. Some straightforward but tedious calculations remain to be completed to call our conjecture - a theorem and will be reported later.
da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues
, and Organizational Dimensions, 2012, IGI Global" Valuing Learning Objects shared in an Online Community ABSTRACTDraft Version of "Jacqueline Guzman, Regina Motz, Alberto Rodrigues da Silva, "Valuing Learning In this chapter we analyze and discuss how the activity inside a social network impacts on the value of a Learning
to characterize the process of lumen formation within the fabricated micro-channel networks. A working knowledgeA Micro-Milled Design for Creating Precise Lumen Dimensions in ECM Hydrogels via Viscous Fingering-house Computer Numerical Control (CNC) micro-milling machine. He/she will then assist in performing experiments
Francisco Navarro-Lerida; D. H. Tchrakian
2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study spherically symmetric finite energy solutions of two Higgs-Chern-Simons--Yang-Mills-Higgs (HCS-YMH) models in $3+1$ dimensions, one with gauge group $SO(5)$ and the other with $SU(3)$. The Chern-Simons (CS) densities are defined in terms of both the Yang-Mills (YM) and Higgs fields and the choice of the two gauge groups is made so they do not vanish. The solutions of the $SO(5)$ model carry only electric charge and zero magnetic charge, while the solutions of the $SU(3)$ model are dyons carrying both electric and magnetic charges like the Julia-Zee (JZ) dyon. Unlike the latter however, the electric charge in both models receives an important contribution from the CS dynamics. We pay special attention to the relation between the energies and charges of these solutions. In contrast with the electrically charged JZ dyon of the Yang-Mills-Higgs (YMH) system, whose mass is larger than that of the electrically neutral (magnetic monopole) solutions, the masses of the electrically charged solutions of our HCS-YMH models can be smaller than their electrically neutral counterparts in some parts of the parameter space. To establish this is the main task of this work, which is performed by constructing the HCS-YMH solutions numerically. In the case of the $SU(3)$ HCS-YMH, we have considered the question of angular momentum, and it turns out that it vanishes.
Higher dimensions Max flow min cut in higher dimensions
Duval, Art
, and direction) to each edge such that: net flow at each vertex, except S and T, is zero; and |xe| e. Value-negative number, and direction) to each edge such that: net flow at each vertex, except S and T, is zero; and |xe of flow xe (non-negative number, and direction) to each edge such that: net flow at each vertex is zero
Higher dimensions Max flow min cut in higher dimensions
Duval, Art
-negative number, and direction) to each edge such that: net flow at each vertex, except S and T, is zero; and |xe, and direction) to each edge such that: net flow at each vertex is zero; and |xe| e. Value of flow is x0. Duval: net flow at each vertex is zero; and |xe| e. Value of flow is x0. Definition Cut is minimal set
Dimensions are shown in inch (mm ) Dimensions subject to change
Berns, Hans-Gerd
pole 1 BCD code 2 BCD complement code 3 Gray code 4 Hexadecimal code Contact Material 3 (STD), Gold 1 SPDT, SP3T, SP4T functions Â· Rotary binary-decimal and hexadecimal coding Typical Applications Â· Timers RTE1010N13 10 BCD 65 RTE1000N33 RTE1010N33 10 GRAY 65 RTE1600N43 RTE1610N43 10 HEXADECIMAL 65 PC Mount
Kelly, Scott
2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z
and international experience, several bespoke energy strategies are identified that have significant potential to contribute to local energy demand reduction and lower CO2 emissions in the UK. The strategies identified include, Combined Heat and Power with District Heating (CHP?DH), Energy from Waste Facilities (Ef... . Monitoring and managing own energy and carbon emissions. Implementation of energy efficiency schemes within local government buildings such as schools, halls and sporting facilities etc. Using CHP (Combined Heat and Power) to supply heat and power...
Dimension growth for C -algebras
2007-05-14T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 6, 2007 ... depend on the classification theory of nuclear C?-algebras. © 2007 Elsevier ... In the late 1980s, Elliott conjectured that separable nuclear C. ?.
Optical Tomography in two dimensions
so-called diffused tomography [SGKZ]. Other areas of applications are atmospheric remote sensing [Bi], nuclear physics (see [MC] for a review), etc. We describe ...
Dimensions of Wellness Staying Well
Fernandez, Eduardo
to protect your physical health by eating a well-balanced diet, getting plenty of physical activity-evaluation and self-assessment. Wellness involves continually learning and making changes to enhance your state) A state in which your mind is engaged in lively interaction with the world around you. Intellectual
Domond, Kenneth
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An Introduction to the Conjugate Gradient Method Without thedescent method and the conjugate gradient method. The onlymethod and the conjugate gradient method can be found in
Experimental Evaluation of Time-redundant Execution for a Brake-by-wire Application
Karlsson, Johan
faults is to use time-redundancy [3, 4, 5, 6]. The declining prices of high-performance microprocessors error masking. The real-time kernel uses fixed priority scheduling to control temporal error masking
ORNL/TTG/BWPT/PVS/Rev5 Performance-Based Brake Tester
, and International Nuclear Information System (INIS) representatives from the following source. Office of Scientific
E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic braking Sample Search Results
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
limit the speed of an inline ... Source: Mft, Sinan - Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Northeastern University Collection: Engineering 2 Technical Report...
Park, Edward
industries due to its potential to improve vehicle perfor- mance, safety and cost. The ``x'' in x Engineering, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, P.O. Box 3055 STN CSC, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3P6 flow and heat transfer analysis. The performance of the MRB in a vehicle was studied using a quarter
Combined fast valving and braking resistor application to improve transient stability
Chen, Jen-Yeu Thomas
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. In many cases, power plants and load centers are connected through long transmission lines. Furthermore, the development over the years of improved methods of' cooling generators and of designing low pressure turbine stages have resulted in a reduction... power input to the turbogenerator is measured with a reheater pressure transducer and the electrica1 power output from the generator is measured with a kw transducer. When the 10 0 V 0 C4 4 0) f-4 H m Cd . A ) N Cd VII &D '0 (U Ctd cd cdm OE...
Ma, Lena
and plated on medium containing 4 mM of arsenate, a common form of arsenic in the environment. The deduced ubiquitous in the environment. It is present both as arsenite (AsIII) and arsenate (AsV) in the environment
A molecular brake, not a clutch, stops the Rhodobacter sphaeroides flagellar motor
Berry, Richard
,1,2 , Mostyn T. Brownb,1 , Mark C. Leakea,c , Richard W. Brancha , Richard M. Berrya , and Judith P peptidoglycan-bound stator complexes, down an electrochemical gradient into the cytoplasm, is responsible
ORNL/TM-2011/479 Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment
.............................................................................................................................1 1.1 BACKGROUND...............................................................................................................6 2.2.1 Test Vehicle and Sensors
Pneumatic brake control for precision stopping of heavy-duty vehicles
Bu, Fanping; Tan, Han-Shue
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
6], heavy-duty vehicle maintenance automation, as well astrue” automation are applications on heavy-duty vehicles [
Injection Timing Effects on Brake Fuel Conversion Efficiency and Engine System's Respones
McLean, James Elliott
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
to excessive speeds and intake manifold to unnecessary pressures. 10 Table 1: Engine Specifications Number of Cylinders 4 Compression Ratio 17.0:1 Bore (in, mm) 4.19, 106 Stroke (in,mm) 5, 127 Displacement (in2... then decrease as injection moves from its most retarded timing to its most advanced timing. When varying from -4? ATDC to -22? ATDC, the BFCE reaches a peak at -10? ATDC of 22.9%, while the minimum of 20.1% occurs at -22? ATDC. For higher load low speed...
Ma, Lena
coupled with atomic fluorescence spectrometry. The impacts of air-drying on arsenic species Science Ltd. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(02)00470-0 Enviro
Author's personal copy What can the braking indices tell us about the nature of pulsars?
Xu, Ren-Xin
additional torques by particle outflow or accretion disk, changes in inclination angle or magnetic field's personal copy pole radiation and relativistic particle flow/wind (Dar, 1999; Allen and Horvath, 2000; Xu and Qiao, 2001; Wu et al., 2003; Contopoulos et al., 2006), the models with changing inclination angles (e
Daimler's SuperTruck Program; 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency | Department of
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models | Department1 Prepared by:DTE Energy Video (Text Version)000
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Aad, G.; Abajyan, T.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdel Khalek, S.; Abdelalim, A. A.; Abdinov, O.; Aben, R.; Abi, B.; Abolins, M.; AbouZeid, O. S.; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; Acharya, B. S.; Adamczyk, L.; Adams, D. L.; Addy, T. N.; Adelman, J.; Adomeit, S.; Adragna, P.; Adye, T.; Aefsky, S.; Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.; Agustoni, M.; Aharrouche, M.; Ahlen, S. P.; Ahles, F.; Ahmad, A.; Ahsan, M.; Aielli, G.; Akdogan, T.; Åkesson, T. P. A.; Akimoto, G.; Akimov, A. V.; Alam, M. S.; Alam, M. A.; Albert, J.; Albrand, S.; Aleksa, M.; Aleksandrov, I. N.; Alessandria, F.; Alexa, C.; Alexander, G.; Alexandre, G.; Alexopoulos, T.; Alhroob, M.; Aliev, M.; Alimonti, G.; Alison, J.; Allbrooke, B. M. M.; Allport, P. P.; Allwood-Spiers, S. E.; Almond, J.; Aloisio, A.; Alon, R.; Alonso, A.; Alonso, F.; Altheimer, A.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Alviggi, M. G.; Amako, K.; Amelung, C.; Ammosov, V. V.; Amor Dos Santos, S. P.; Amorim, A.; Amram, N.; Anastopoulos, C.; Ancu, L. S.; Andari, N.; Andeen, T.; Anders, C. F.; Anders, G.; Anderson, K. J.; Andreazza, A.; Andrei, V.; Andrieux, M-L.; Anduaga, X. S.; Anger, P.; Angerami, A.; Anghinolfi, F.; Anisenkov, A.; Anjos, N.; Annovi, A.; Antonaki, A.; Antonelli, M.; Antonov, A.; Antos, J.; Anulli, F.; Aoki, M.; Aoun, S.; Aperio Bella, L.; Apolle, R.; Arabidze, G.; Aracena, I.; Arai, Y.; Arce, A. T. H.; Arfaoui, S.; Arguin, J-F.; Arik, E.; Arik, M.; Armbruster, A. J.; Arnaez, O.; Arnal, V.; Arnault, C.; Artamonov, A.; Artoni, G.; Arutinov, D.; Asai, S.; Asfandiyarov, R.; Ask, S.; Åsman, B.; Asquith, L.; Assamagan, K.; Astbury, A.; Atkinson, M.; Aubert, B.; Auge, E.; Augsten, K.; Aurousseau, M.; Avolio, G.; Avramidou, R.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Azuma, Y.; Baak, M. A.; Baccaglioni, G.; Bacci, C.; Bach, A. M.; Bachacou, H.; Bachas, K.; Backes, M.; Backhaus, M.; Badescu, E.; Bagnaia, P.; Bahinipati, S.; Bai, Y.; Bailey, D. C.; Bain, T.; Baines, J. T.; Baker, O. K.; Baker, M. D.; Baker, S.; Banas, E.; Banerjee, P.; Banerjee, Sw.; Banfi, D.; Bangert, A.; Bansal, V.; Bansil, H. S.; Barak, L.; Baranov, S. P.; Barbaro Galtieri, A.; Barber, T.; Barberio, E. L.; Barberis, D.; Barbero, M.; Bardin, D. Y.; Barillari, T.; Barisonzi, M.; Barklow, T.; Barlow, N.; Barnett, B. M.; Barnett, R. M.; Baroncelli, A.; Barone, G.; Barr, A. J.; Barreiro, F.; Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, J.; Barrillon, P.; Bartoldus, R.; Barton, A. E.; Bartsch, V.; Basye, A.; Bates, R. L.; Batkova, L.; Batley, J. R.; Battaglia, A.; Battistin, M.; Bauer, F.; Bawa, H. S.; Beale, S.; Beau, T.; Beauchemin, P. H.; Beccherle, R.; Bechtle, P.; Beck, H. P.; Becker, A. K.; Becker, S.; Beckingham, M.; Becks, K. H.; Beddall, A. J.; Beddall, A.; Bedikian, S.; Bednyakov, V. A.; Bee, C. P.; Beemster, L. J.; Begel, M.; Behar Harpaz, S.; Behera, P. K.; Beimforde, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bell, P. J.; Bell, W. H.; Bella, G.; Bellagamba, L.; Bellina, F.; Bellomo, M.; Belloni, A.; Beloborodova, O.; Belotskiy, K.; Beltramello, O.; Benary, O.; Benchekroun, D.; Bendtz, K.; Benekos, N.; Benhammou, Y.; Benhar Noccioli, E.; Benitez Garcia, J. A.; Benjamin, D. P.; Benoit, M.; Bensinger, J. R.; Benslama, K.; Bentvelsen, S.; Berge, D.; Bergeaas Kuutmann, E.; Berger, N.; Berghaus, F.; Berglund, E.; Beringer, J.; Bernat, P.; Bernhard, R.; Bernius, C.; Berry, T.; Bertella, C.; Bertin, A.; Bertolucci, F.; Besana, M. I.; Besjes, G. J.; Besson, N.; Bethke, S.; Bhimji, W.; Bianchi, R. M.; Bianco, M.; Biebel, O.; Bieniek, S. P.; Bierwagen, K.; Biesiada, J.; Biglietti, M.; Bilokon, H.; Bindi, M.; Binet, S.; Bingul, A.; Bini, C.; Biscarat, C.; Bittner, B.; Black, K. M.; Blair, R. E.; Blanchard, J.-B.; Blanchot, G.; Blazek, T.; Bloch, I.; Blocker, C.; Blocki, J.; Blondel, A.; Blum, W.; Blumenschein, U.; Bobbink, G. J.; Bobrovnikov, V. B.; Bocchetta, S. S.; Bocci, A.; Boddy, C. R.; Boehler, M.; Boek, J.; Boelaert, N.; Bogaerts, J. A.; Bogdanchikov, A.; Bogouch, A.; Bohm, C.; Bohm, J.; Boisvert, V.; Bold, T.; Boldea, V.; Bolnet, N. M.; Bomben, M.; Bona, M.; Boonekamp, M.; Bordoni, S.; Borer, C.; Borisov, A.; Borissov, G.; Borjanovic, I.; Borri, M.; Borroni, S.; Bortolotto, V.; Bos, K.; Boscherini, D.; Bosman, M.; Boterenbrood, H.; Bouchami, J.; Boudreau, J.; Bouhova-Thacker, E. V.; Boumediene, D.; Bourdarios, C.; Bousson, N.; Boveia, A.; Boyd, J.; Boyko, I. R.; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I.; Bracinik, J.; Branchini, P.; Brandenburg, G. W.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, G.; Brandt, O.; Bratzler, U.; Brau, B.; Brau, J. E.; Braun, H. M.; Brazzale, S. F.; Brelier, B.; Bremer, J.; Brendlinger, K.; Brenner, R.; Bressler, S.; Britton, D.; Brochu, F. M.; Brock, I.; Brock, R.; Broggi, F.; Bromberg, C.; Bronner, J.; Brooijmans, G.; Brooks, T.; Brooks, W. K.; Brown, G.; Brown, H.; Bruckman de Renstrom, P. A.; Bruncko, D.; Bruneliere, R.; Brunet, S.; Bruni, A.; Bruni, G.; Bruschi, M.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Results of a search for new phenomena in events with an energetic photon and large missing transverse momentum in proton-proton collisions at ?s =7??TeV are reported. Data collected by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.6??fb?1 are used. Good agreement is observed between the data and the standard model predictions. The results are translated into exclusion limits on models with large extra spatial dimensions and on pair production of weakly interacting dark matter candidates.
Cevher, Volkan
JOINT ACOUSTIC-VIDEO FINGERPRINTING OF VEHICLES, PART II V. Cevher , F. Guo, A. C. Sankaranarayanan, and R. Chellappa Center for Automation Research, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 {volkan the wheelbase length of a vehicle using line metrology in video. We then address the vehi- cle fingerprinting
Cevher, Volkan
1 Vehicle Speed Estimation using Acoustic Wave Patterns Volkan Cevher, Member, IEEE, Rama Chellappa, Fellow, IEEE James H. McClellan, Fellow, IEEE Abstract-- We estimate a vehicle's speed, its wheelbase acoustic sensor that records the vehicle's drive-by noise. The acoustic wave pattern is determined using
On the discrete bicycle transformation S. Tabachnikov
Tabachnikov, Sergei
On the discrete bicycle transformation S. Tabachnikov E. Tsukerman 1 Introduction The motivation for this paper comes from the study of a simple model of bicycle motion. The bicycle is modeled as an oriented segment in the plane of fixed length , the wheelbase of the bicycle. The motion is constrained so
Fernando Rego Loup
2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z
We use the Conformal Metric as described in Kar-Sinha work on Gravitational Bending of Light in a 5D Spacetime to recompute the equations of the 5D Force in Basini-Capozziello-Leon Formalism and we arrive at a result that possesses some advantages. The equations of the Extra Force as proposed by Leon are now more elegant in Conformal Formalism and many algebraic terms can be simplified or even suppressed. Also we recompute the Kar-Sinha Gravitational Bending of Light affected by the presence of the Extra Dimension and analyze the Superluminal Chung-Freese Features of this Formalism describing the advantages of the Chung-Freese BraneWorld when compared to other Superluminal spacetime metrics(eg:Warp Drive) and we describe why the Extra Dimension is invisible and how the Extra Dimension could be made visible at least in theory.We also examine the Maartens-Clarkson Black Holes in 5D(Black Strings) coupled to massive Kaluza-Klein graviton modes predicted by Extra Dimensions theories and we study experimental detection of Extra Dimensions on-board LIGO and LISA Space Telescopes.We also propose the use of International Space Station(ISS) to measure the additional terms(resulting from the presence of Extra Dimensions) in the Kar-Sinha Gravitational Bending of Light in Outer Space to verify if we really lives in a Higher Dimensional Spacetime.Also we demonstrate that Particle $Z$ can only exists if the 5D spacetime exists.
Loup, F R
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We use the Conformal Metric as described in Kar-Sinha work on Gravitational Bending of Light in a $5D$ Spacetime to recompute the equations of the $5D$ Force in Basini-Capozziello-Leon Formalism and we arrive at a result that possesses some advantages. The equations of the Extra Force as proposed by Leon are now more elegant in Conformal Formalism and many algebraic terms can be simplified or even suppressed. Also we recompute the Kar-Sinha Gravitational Bending of Light affected by the presence of the Extra Dimension and analyze the Superluminal Chung-Freese Features of this Formalism describing the advantages of the Chung-Freese BraneWorld when compared to other Superluminal spacetime metrics(eg:Warp Drive) and we describe why the Extra Dimension is invisible and how the Extra Dimension could be made visible at least in theory.We also examine the Maartens-Clarkson Black Holes in $5D$(Black Strings) coupled to massive Kaluza-Klein graviton modes predicted by Extra Dimensions theories and we study experimenta...
Detection of a magnetic field on HD108: clues to extreme magnetic braking and the Of?p phenomenon
Martins, F; Marcolino, W L F; Bouret, J -C; Wade, G A; Escolano, C; Howarth, I D
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report the detection of a magnetic field on the Of?p star HD108. Spectropolarimetric observations conducted in 2007, 2008 and 2009 respectively with NARVAL@TBL and ESPaDOnS@CFHT reveal a clear Zeeman signature in the average Stokes V profile, stable on timescales of days to months and slowly increasing in amplitude on timescales of years. We speculate that this timescale is the same as that on which Ha emission is varying and is equal to the rotation period of the star. The corresponding longitudinal magnetic field, measured during each of the three seasons, increases slowly from 100 to 150G, implying that the polar strength of the putatively-dipolar large-scale magnetic field of HD108 is at least 0.5kG and most likely of the order of 1-2 kG. The stellar and wind properties are derived through a quantitative spectroscopic analysis with the code CMFGEN. The effective temperature is difficult to constrain because of the unusually strong HeI4471 and HeI5876 lines. Values in the range 33000-37000 K are preferr...
Mi, Chunting "Chris"
Engineering, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Dearborn, MI 48128 USA (e-mail: chrismi@umich.edu; mi Engineering, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Dearborn, MI 48128 USA (e-mail: anding@umich.edu). Digital driving, while the equivalent model, Corolla, which is driven by an internal combustion engine (ICE) alone
Energy-Saving Control of an Unstable Valve with a MR Brake QingHui Yuan and Perry Y. Li
Li, Perry Y.
to the effect of flow induced forces, QingHui Yuan is with Eaton Corporation Innovation Center, Eden Prairie, MN. QinghuiYuan@eaton.com P. Y. Li is with the Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Minnesota
DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards
Ginzel, Matthew
- pus,mathematics,computerscience&statistics --Calumetcampus,Englishandphilosophy-- Calumetcampus and Morality." Bermel, Peter A; electrical & computer engineering, from Energy Research Inc., $85,000, "High (Extension to 12.31.13 + Year 2 Funding) -- Genome- Enabled Plant Research (GEPR): Mineral Nutrient Gene
Wave Mechanics and the Fifth Dimension
Paul S. Wesson; James M. Overduin
2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
Replacing 4D Minkowski space by 5D canonical space leads to a clearer derivation of the main features of wave mechanics, including the wave function and the velocity of de Broglie waves. Recent tests of wave-particle duality could be adapted to investigate whether de Broglie waves are basically 4D or 5D in nature.
Fractional topological insulators in three dimensions
Joseph Maciejko; Xiao-Liang Qi; Andreas Karch; Shou-Cheng Zhang
2010-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
Topological insulators can be generally defined by a topological field theory with an axion angle theta of 0 or pi. In this work, we introduce the concept of fractional topological insulator defined by a fractional axion angle and show that it can be consistent with time reversal (T) invariance if ground state degeneracies are present. The fractional axion angle can be measured experimentally by the quantized fractional bulk magnetoelectric polarization P_3, and a `halved' fractional quantum Hall effect on the surface with Hall conductance of the form (p/q)(e^2/2h) with p,q odd. In the simplest of these states the electron behaves as a bound state of three fractionally charged `quarks' coupled to a deconfined non-Abelian SU(3) `color' gauge field, where the fractional charge of the quarks changes the quantization condition of P_3 and allows fractional values consistent with T-invariance.
Fractional Topological Insulators in Three Dimensions
Maciejko, Joseph; Zhang Shoucheng [Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Qi Xiaoliang [Microsoft Research, Station Q, Elings Hall, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Karch, Andreas [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1560 (United States)
2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z
Topological insulators can be generally defined by a topological field theory with an axion angle {theta} of 0 or {pi}. In this work, we introduce the concept of fractional topological insulator defined by a fractional axion angle and show that it can be consistent with time reversal T invariance if ground state degeneracies are present. The fractional axion angle can be measured experimentally by the quantized fractional bulk magnetoelectric polarization P{sub 3}, and a 'halved' fractional quantum Hall effect on the surface with Hall conductance of the form {sigma}{sub H}=(p/q)(e{sup 2}/2h) with p, q odd. In the simplest of these states the electron behaves as a bound state of three fractionally charged 'quarks' coupled to a deconfined non-Abelian SU(3) 'color' gauge field, where the fractional charge of the quarks changes the quantization condition of P{sub 3} and allows fractional values consistent with T invariance.
DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards
Ginzel, Matthew
J; mechanical engineer- ing, from Stevens Institute of Technology, $8,287, "CACI Thunderrstorm UAV; Amendment 3 for Grant 106346." Collicott, Steven H and Heister, Stephen D; aeronautical & astronautical and Modeling Cryogenic Propellants for Long-Duration Spaceflight; Supplement 1 for Grant 106851." Constable
Polygon Subtraction in 2 or 3 Dimensions
Wilson, John E.
2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
When searching for computer code to perform the ubiquitous task of subtracting one polygon from another, it is difficult to find real examples and detailed explanations. This paper outlines the step-by-step process necessary to accomplish this basic task.
DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards
Ginzel, Matthew
Fuel CO2 Inventory Built from Assimilation of in Situ and Remotely-Sensed Datasets to Advance Satellite,000, "ProposalforDigitizingTypeSpecimens,Data Sharing, and Capacity Building at the Arthur & Kriebel Herbaria
DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards
Ginzel, Matthew
engineer- ing, from CACI International Inc, $63,200, "Electro Optics Bridge 2: S10-111933 Under Grant; engineering education, from National Science Foundation, $99,775, "REU Site: Network for Earthquake) Brophy, Sean; engineering education, from National Science Foundation, $12,600, "REU Site: Network
DIMENSIONS of DISCOVERY Sponsored Program Awards
Ginzel, Matthew
International LLC, $3,000, "Putting Greens Research." Bigelow, Cale A; agronomy, from Agrotain International LLC for Undergraduates (REU) Site: NEESreu -