Sample records for br uff unit

  1. BR UFF BIG PINEY WILD ROSE BLU E GAP BR UFF UNIT WAMSUT TER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternativeOperationalAugustDecade5-F, 2012June-19,-2015DecemberI-5BOE

  2. BR UFF BIG PINEY WILD ROSE BLU E GAP BR UFF UNIT WAMSUT TER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternativeOperationalAugustDecade5-F, 2012June-19,-2015DecemberI-5BOEGas

  3. BR UFF BIG PINEY WILD ROSE BLU E GAP BR UFF UNIT WAMSUT TER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041cloth DocumentationProductsAlternativeOperationalAugustDecade5-F,

  4. br Owner br Facility br Type br Capacity br MW br Commercial...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Facility br Type br Capacity br MW br Commercial br Online br Date br Geothermal br Area br Geothermal br Region Coordinates Ahuachapan Geothermal Power Plant LaGeo SA de CV Single...

  5. Roberto de Beauclair Seixas tron@lncc.br

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DICOM 3 Roberto de Beauclair Seixas tron@lncc.br #12;Imagens Médicas - Raios X #12;Imagens Médicas - CT Tomoscan AV da Philips #12;Imagens Médicas - CT Banco de detetores Tubo de raios-X Tubo de Raio X 120 a 150 K Volts 50 a 100 detetores #12;Imagens Médicas - CT Hounsfield Units (HU) ar -1000 gordura

  6. Jatropha BR | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup | OpenHunanInformationJames Watkins Jump to:JapanJatropha BR Jump

  7. JOB DESCRIPTION Requisition ID 4206BR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    general office and administrative policies. May supervise lower level staff members. Schedules in accordance with established procedures. Performs research and/or statistical analyses and assistsJOB DESCRIPTION Requisition ID 4206BR ASU Job Title Administrative Secretary Job Title

  8. High energy XeBr electric discharge laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sze, Robert C. (Santa Fe, NM); Scott, Peter B. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high energy XeBr laser for producing coherent radiation at 282 nm. The XeBr laser utilizes an electric discharge as the excitation source to minimize formation of molecular ions thereby minimizing absorption of laser radiation by the active medium. Additionally, HBr is used as the halogen donor which undergoes harpooning reactions with Xe.sub.M * to form XeBr*.

  9. New Benchmark Instances for the Capacitated Vehicle Routing ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eduardo Uchoa

    2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Oct 14, 2014 ... New Benchmark Instances for the Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem. Eduardo Uchoa (uchoa ***at*** producao.uff.br) Diego Pecin...

  10. Synthesis, crystal structure, spectroscopic and thermal properties of [Et{sub 4}N][Ta{sub 6}Br{sub 12}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]Br{sub 4}.4H{sub 2}O (Et=ethyl)-A new compound with the paramagnetic [Ta{sub 6}Br{sub 12}]{sup 3+} cluster core

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peric, Berislav, E-mail: bperic@irb.h [Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Jozic, Drazan [Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Planinic, Pavica, E-mail: planinic@irb.h [Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Brnicevic, Nevenka [Ruder Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Giester, Gerald [Institut fuer Mineralogie und Kristallographie, Universitaet Wien-Geozentrum Althanstrasse, 14, 1090 Wien (Austria)

    2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A new hexanuclear cluster compound, [Et{sub 4}N][Ta{sub 6}Br{sub 12}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]Br{sub 4}.4H{sub 2}O (Et=ethyl) (1), with the paramagnetic [Ta{sub 6}Br{sub 12}]{sup 3+} cluster entity, was synthesized and characterized by elemental and TG/DTA analyses, IR and UV/Vis spectroscopy and by a single-crystal X-ray diffraction study. The presence of the paramagnetic [Ta{sub 6}Br{sub 12}]{sup 3+} unit was confirmed also by the room-temperature magnetic and EPR measurements. The compound crystallizes in the tetragonal I4{sub 1}/a space group, with a=14.299(5), c=21.241(5) A, Z=4, R{sub 1}(F)/wR{sub 2}(F{sup 2})=0.0296/0.0811. The structure contains discrete [Ta{sub 6}Br{sub 12}(H{sub 2}O){sub 6}]{sup 3+} cations with an octahedron of metal atoms edge-bridged by bromine atoms and with water molecules occupying all six terminal positions. The cluster units are positioned in the vertices of the three-dimensional (pseudo)diamond lattice. The structure shows similarities with literature reported structures of cluster compounds crystallizing in the diamond (Fd3-barm) space group. - Graphical abstract: Two interpenetrating (pseudo)diamond nets formed by packing of the paramagnetic [Ta{sub 6}Br{sub 12}(H{sub 2}O)]{sup 3+} (octahedral) and diamagnetic [Et{sub 4}N]{sup +} (spheres) cations.

  11. CURRICULUM VITAE Julie Br ig ham -Gr ette

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    CURRICULUM VITAE Julie Br ig ham -Gr ette Address: Department of Geosciences, University of Massachusetts, Box 35820, Amherst, MA 01003-5820, USA Born: Albion, Michigan, 11 Jan 1955 Office phone: (413

  12. Ca2+-Doped CeBr3 Scintillating Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guss, Paul [NSTec; Foster, Michael E. [SNL; Wong, Bryan M. [SNL; Doty, F. Patrick [SNL; Shah, Kanai [RMD; Squillante, Michael R. [RMD; Shirwadkar, Urmila [RMD; Hawrami, Rastgo [RMD; Tower, Josh [RMD; Yuan, Ding [NSTec

    2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the outstanding scintillation performance characteristics of cerium tribromide (CeBr3) and cerium-activated lanthanum tribromide, their commercial availability and application are limited due to the difficulties of growing large, crack-free single crystals from these fragile materials. This investigation employed aliovalent doping to increase crystal strength while maintaining the optical properties of the crystal. One divalent dopant (Ca2+) was used as a dopant to strengthen CeBr3 without negatively impacting scintillation performance. Ingots containing nominal concentrations of 1.9% of the Ca2+ dopant were grown. Preliminary scintillation measurements are presented for this aliovalently doped scintillator. Ca2+-doped CeBr3 exhibited little or no change in the peak fluorescence emission for 371 nm optical excitation for CeBr3. The structural, electronic, and optical properties of CeBr3 crystals were studied using the density functional theory within the generalized gradient approximation. The calculated lattice parameters are in good agreement with the experimental data. The energy band structures and density of states were obtained. The optical properties of CeBr3, including the dielectric function, were calculated.

  13. Matrix isolation and computational study of isodifluorodibromomethane (F{sub 2}CBr-Br): A route to Br{sub 2} formation in CF{sub 2}Br{sub 2} photolysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George, Lisa; Kalume, Aimable; Reid, Scott A. [Department of Chemistry, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201-1881 (United States); El-Khoury, Patrick Z.; Tarnovsky, Alexander [Department of Chemistry and Center for Photochemical Sciences, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403 (United States)

    2010-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The photolysis products of dibromodifluoromethane (CF{sub 2}Br{sub 2}) were characterized by matrix isolation infrared and UV/Visible spectroscopy, supported by ab initio calculations. Photolysis at wavelengths of 240 and 266 nm of CF{sub 2}Br{sub 2}:Ar samples ({approx}1:5000) held at {approx}5 K yielded iso-CF{sub 2}Br{sub 2} (F{sub 2}CBrBr), a weakly bound isomer of CF{sub 2}Br{sub 2}, which is characterized here for the first time. The observed infrared and UV/Visible absorptions of iso-CF{sub 2}Br{sub 2} are in excellent agreement with computational predictions at the B3LYP/aug-cc-pVTZ level. Single point energy calculations at the CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVDZ level on the B3LYP optimized geometries suggest that the isoform is a minimum on the CF{sub 2}Br{sub 2} potential energy surface, lying some 55 kcal/mol above the CF{sub 2}Br{sub 2} ground state. The energies of various stationary points on the CF{sub 2}Br{sub 2} potential energy surface were characterized computationally; taken with our experimental results, these show that iso-CF{sub 2}Br{sub 2} is an intermediate in the Br+CF{sub 2}Br{yields}CF{sub 2}+Br{sub 2} reaction. The photochemistry of the isoform was also investigated; excitation into the intense 359 nm absorption band resulted in isomerization to CF{sub 2}Br{sub 2}. Our results are discussed in view of the rich literature on the gas-phase photochemistry of CF{sub 2}Br{sub 2}, particularly with respect to the existence of a roaming atom pathway leading to molecular products.

  14. From single-molecule magnetism to long-range ferromagnetism in Hpyr[Fe17O16(OH)12(py)12Br4]Br4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Dominic

    and intermolecular engineering of mo- lecular magnets can lead to the observation of long-range magnetic orderingFrom single-molecule magnetism to long-range ferromagnetism in Hpyr[Fe17O16(OH)12(py)12Br4]Br4 C magnet Hpyr Fe17O16 OH 12 py 12Br4 Br4 "Fe17" has a well-defined cluster spin ground state of S=35

  15. CsBr/GaN Heterojunction Photoelectron Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maldonado, J.R.; /Stanford U., Elect. Eng. Dept.; Liu, Z.; Sun, Y.; /SLAC, SSRL; Schuetter, S.; /Wisconsin U., Madison; Pianetta, P.; /SLAC, SSRL; Pease, R.F.W.; /Stanford U., Elect. Eng. Dept.

    2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimental results on a new CsBr/GaN heterojunction photocathode structure are presented. The results indicate a fourfold improvement in photoyield relative to CsBr/Cr photocathodes. A model is presented based on intraband states in CsBr and electron injection from the GaN (with 1% addition of indium) substrate to explain the observed photoyield enhancement. The photocathode lifetime at high current density (>40 A/cm{sup 2}) is limited by laser heating of the small illuminated area. Calculations are presented for sapphire and diamond substrates, indicating a factor of 20 reduction in temperature for the latter. The results are encouraging for the realization of a high photoyield photocathode operating at high current density with long lifetime.

  16. Refractive indexes of aqueous LiBr solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaltash, A.; Ally, M.R. (Energy Div., Oak Ridge National Lab., Oak Ridge, TN (US))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that the refractive indexes of water-lithium bromide solutions were measured in the temperature range from 5.0 to 80.0 {degrees}C and in the range of salt concentrations from 0.00 (deionized water) to 58.90 mass %. An electrolyte solution of LlBr in water was chosen for study because of its wide use as an absorption chiller fluid. The concentration of LlBr aqueous solution was determined by argentimetric titration using tetrabromofluoresceln (Eosin) as an adsorption indicator and was checked at a few discrete concentrations (10.06, 20.30, and 58.90 mass % LlBr) against the values obtained by gravimetric analysis. The deviation between values obtained using these two techniques was found to be less than 0.27 mass %. The refractive indexes are shown to represent a reliable and convenient way of measuring the concentration of salt (or water) in LlBr solutions with accuracies of {plus minus}0.3 mass % salt.

  17. Delayed neutron energy spectra of {sup 87}Br, {sup 88}Br, {sup 89}Br, {sup 90}Br, {sup 137}I, {sup 138}I, {sup 139}I, and {sup 186}Te

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenwood, R.C.; Watts, K.D. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Idaho National Engineering Lab.

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In prior publications, the authors reported measurements of the energy spectra of delayed neutrons for the isotope-separated fission product precursors {sup 93}Rb, {sup 94}Rb, {sup 95}Rb, {sup 96}Rb, {sup 97}Rb, {sup 143}Cs, {sup 144}Cs, and {sup 145}Cs. Such studies of delayed neutron energy spectra have important applications in reactor physics, primarily relating to the fundamental role played by delayed neutrons in the kinetic behavior of nuclear reactors. Measurement of the energy spectra of delayed neutrons for the isotope-separated, fission product precursors {sup 87}Br, {sup 88}Br, {sup 89}Br, {sup 90}Br, {sup 137}I, {sup 138}I, {sup 139}I, and {sup 136}Te are reported for an energy range up to 1,213 keV and with lower cutoff energies of 11.1, 11.1, 29.9, 48.9, 14.2, 23.3, 29.9, and 48.9 keV, respectively. These data were obtained at the TRISTAN Isotope Separation On-Line facility using H{sub 2} and CH{sub 4} gas-filled proportional counters. The data for each of the bromine, iodine, and tellurium isotopes show good qualitative agreement with the published {sup 3}He ionization chamber data at energies above {approximately}200 keV. In addition, they provide definitive spectral information down to their respective cut-off energies.

  18. Longpath DOAS observations of surface BrO at Summit, Greenland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    surface BrO at Summit, Greenland J. Stutz 1 , J. L. Thomasimpact of BrO at Summit, Greenland in 2007 and 2008, Atmos.of peroxy radicals at Summit, Greenland during summer 2003,

  19. MOLECULAR BEAM STUDIES OF UNIMOLECULAR REACTIONS: Cl, F + C2H3Br

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buss, Richard J.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    C1, F + C H Br Richard J. Buss, Michael J. Coggio1a, andF + C H3Br Z Richard J. Buss, Michael J. Coggiola and Yuan

  20. Guide to Developing Air-Cooled Lithium Bromide (LiBr) Absorption...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Guide to Developing Air-Cooled Lithium Bromide (LiBr) Absorption for CHP Applications, April 2005 Guide to Developing Air-Cooled Lithium Bromide (LiBr) Absorption for CHP...

  1. The decay of a new nuclide /sup 71/Br

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hagberg, E; Evans, H C; Hardy, J C; Koslowsky, V T; Schmeing, H; Schrewe, U J; Sharma, K S

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The decay of mass-separated samples of the previously unknown nuclide /sup 71/Br have been investigated by means of the Chalk River on-line isotope separator. Eleven gamma -transitions were assigned to the decay of this nuclide and its half-life was measured to be 21.4+or-0.6 s. A simple decay scheme for /sup 71/Br has been constructed incorporating six levels in its daughter, /sup 71/Se. The half-life of the first excited state in /sup 71/Se was measured to be 5.5+or-1.0 mu s and the transition from this state to the ground state was found to be highly converted. Systematic trends in the level schemes of /sup 67 /Zn, /sup 69/Ge and /sup 71/Se are investigated. (16 refs).

  2. Equipe 2004/2005 Antonio Roberto Formaggio (formag@ltid.inpe.br) Coord.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://www.dpi.inpe.br/spring/) Referncia - Imagens GeoCover (https://zulu.ssc.nasa.gov/mrsid/mrsid.pl) Limites municipais Atlas (IBGE/INPE) (http://www.dpi.inpe.br/spring/portugues/banco.html) #12;Imagens de Satlite Seleo Catlogo de Imagens CBERS/Landsat (http://www.dgi.inpe.br) #12;Imagens de Satlite Pedido e aquisio Registro

  3. Improved Growth Methods for LaBr3 Scintillation Radiation Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGregor, Douglas S

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective is to develop advanced materials for deployment as high-resolution gamma ray detectors. Both LaBr3 and CeBr3 are advanced scintillation materials, and will be studied in this research. Prototype devices, in collaboration Sandia National Laboratories, will be demonstrated along with recommendations for mass production and deployment. It is anticipated that improved methods of crystal growth will yield larger single crystals of LaBr3 for deployable room-temperature operated gamma radiation spectrometers. The growth methods will be characterized. The LaBr3 and CeBr3 scintillation crystals will be characterized for light yield, spectral resolution, and for hardness.

  4. United States

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    - I United States Department of Energy D lSCk Al M E R "This book was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United...

  5. Lifetimes of N = Z Nuclei As-66 and Br-70

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burch, R. H.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Tribble, Robert E.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 38, NUMBER 3 Lifetimes of N =Z nuclei As and Br SEPTEMBER 1988 R. H. Burch Jr., C. A. Gagliardi, and R. E. Tribble Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (Received 5 May 1988) We have... of the target wheel, the detector telescope, and the detector shielding. 1988 The American Physical Society 1366 R. H. BURCH, JR., C. A. GAGLIARDI, AND R. E. TRIBBLE 38 indexer with an antibacklash circuit drove the stepping motor. After each irradiation...

  6. Photoluminescence and photostimulated luminescence of oxygen impurities in CsBr

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Appleby, G. A.; Zimmermann, J.; Hesse, S.; Seggern, H. von [Electronic Materials Division, Institute of Materials Science, Darmstadt University of Technology, 64287 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oxygen impurities have been detected in undoped CsBr by photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and their contribution to photostimulated luminescence (PSL) properties of powdered CsBr is discussed. When excited at 200 nm, PL is observed from CsBr which consists of three separate emission peaks. The intrinsic luminescence of CsBr at 379 nm is accompanied by two emission peaks at 395 and 460 nm which arise from oxygen impurities, the latter of which is also PSL active following x-irradiation. Sintering of CsBr with the reducing agent NH{sub 4}Br removes the oxygen impurities so that the 395 and 460 nm emissions are no longer detectable, and subsequently the PSL emission is significantly reduced. PSL storage time measurements of these materials show that oxygen impurities favorably increase both the PSL sensitivity and radiation induced charge-center stability in CsBr:Eu{sup 2+}. The oxygen impurities and their associated luminescence properties can be reintroduced to the CsBr matrix with a controlled concentration by doping with CsOH and then subsequently sintering the resultant CsBr:OH{sup -} with NH{sub 4}Br, which in this system reduces the OH{sup -} centers to O{sup 2-}.

  7. Babcock and Wilcox BR-100 100-ton rail/barge spent fuel shipping cask

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Preliminary Design Report (PDR) provides a detailed description of the design, analyses, and testing programs for the BR-100 cask. The BR-100 is a Type B(U) cask designed for transport by rail or barge. This report presents the preliminary analyses and tests which have been performed for the BR-100 and outlines the confirmatory analyses and tests which will be performed.

  8. Solvent dependent branching between C-I and C-Br bond cleavage following 266 nm excitation of CH{sub 2}BrI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, Christopher P.; Spears, Kenneth G.; Wilson, Kaitlynn R.; Sension, Roseanne J. [Department of Chemistry and Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

    2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well known that ultraviolet photoexcitation of halomethanes results in halogen-carbon bond cleavage. Each halogen-carbon bond has a dominant ultraviolet (UV) absorption that promotes an electron from a nonbonding halogen orbital (n{sub X}) to a carbon-halogen antibonding orbital (?*{sub C-X}). UV absorption into specific transitions in the gas phase results primarily in selective cleavage of the corresponding carbon-halogen bond. In the present work, broadband ultrafast UV-visible transient absorption studies of CH{sub 2}BrI reveal a more complex photochemistry in solution. Transient absorption spectra are reported spanning the range from 275 nm to 750 nm and 300 fs to 3 ns following excitation of CH{sub 2}BrI at 266 nm in acetonitrile, 2-butanol, and cyclohexane. Channels involving formation of CH{sub 2}Br + I radical pairs, iso-CH{sub 2}Br-I, and iso-CH{sub 2}I-Br are identified. The solvent environment has a significant influence on the branching ratios, and on the formation and stability of iso-CH{sub 2}Br-I. Both iso-CH{sub 2}Br-I and iso-CH{sub 2}I-Br are observed in cyclohexane with a ratio of ?2.8:1. In acetonitrile this ratio is 7:1 or larger. The observation of formation of iso-CH{sub 2}I-Br photoproduct as well as iso-CH{sub 2}Br-I following 266 nm excitation is a novel result that suggests complexity in the dissociation mechanism. We also report a solvent and concentration dependent lifetime of iso-CH{sub 2}Br-I. At low concentrations the lifetime is >4 ns in acetonitrile, 1.9 ns in 2-butanol and ?1.4 ns in cyclohexane. These lifetimes decrease with higher initial concentrations of CH{sub 2}BrI. The concentration dependence highlights the role that intermolecular interactions can play in the quenching of unstable isomers of dihalomethanes.

  9. Optical characteristics of a HgBr excilamp

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malinina, A A; Malinin, A N; Shuaibov, A K [Uzhgorod National University, Uzhgorod (Ukraine)

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical characteristics of a coaxial HgBr excilamp on multicomponent mercury dibromide vapour mixtures with helium, nitrogen and sulfur hexafluoride are investigated under pumping by a pulse-periodic barrier discharge. Stable excilamp operation was demonstrated at a pump pulse repetition rate of 3 9 kHz. The component composition of the working system was determined, which provides a maximal average and pulsed specific radiation power of 48.8 mW cm{sup -3} and 40.6 W cm{sup -3}, respectively, at the efficiency of 7.3 % in the blue-green spectral range with the maximal radiation intensity at the wavelength of 502 nm. The reduction in the radiation power after 2.5 10{sup 6} shots is 5 %. Interpretation is given for the results of optimisation of excilamp characteristics. (optical radiation sources)

  10. Apparatus for improving the working time of the XeBr laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sander, Robert K. (Los Alamos, MN); Balog, George (Los Alamos, MN); Seegmiller, Emma T. (Los Alamos, MN)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In XeBr lasers which make use of HBr as the source of bromine, it has been found that the working life of the laser is limited because of dissociation of the HBr in the lasing region to form H.sub.2 and Br.sub.2. Accordingly, apparatus is disclosed for substantially improving the working time of the XeBr laser wherein means are provided for recombining H.sub.2 and Br.sub.2 into HBr and for continuously circulating the gaseous working medium from the lasing region through the recombination region. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

  11. UNIT NUMBER:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    193 UNIT NUMBER: 197 UNIT NAME: CONCRETE RUBBLE PILE (30) REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Outside plant security fence, north of the plant on Big Bayou Creek on private property....

  12. Results for aliovalent doping of CeBr{sub 3} with Ca{sup 2+}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guss, Paul, E-mail: gusspp@nv.doe.gov [Remote Sensing Laboratory Nellis, P. O. Box 98521, Las Vegas, Nevada 89193-8521 (United States); Foster, Michael E.; Wong, Bryan M.; Patrick Doty, F. [Materials Chemistry Department, Sandia National Laboratories, California, P. O. Box 969, Livermore, California 94551-0969 (United States); Shah, Kanai; Squillante, Michael R.; Shirwadkar, Urmila; Hawrami, Rastgo; Tower, Joshua [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc., 44 Hunt Street, Watertown, Massachusetts 02472 (United States); Yuan, Ding [National Security Technologies, LLC, Los Alamos Operations, P. O. Box 809, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544-0809 (United States)

    2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the outstanding scintillation performance characteristics of cerium tribromide (CeBr{sub 3}) and cerium-activated lanthanum tribromide, their commercial availability and application are limited due to the difficulties of growing large, crack-free single crystals from these fragile materials. This investigation employed aliovalent doping to increase crystal strength while maintaining the optical properties of the crystal. One divalent dopant (Ca{sup 2+}) was used as a dopant to strengthen CeBr{sub 3} without negatively impacting scintillation performance. Ingots containing nominal concentrations of 1.9% of the Ca{sup 2+} dopant were grown, i.e., 1.9% of the CeBr{sub 3} molecules were replaced by CaBr{sub 2} molecules, to match our target replacement of 1 out of 54 cerium atoms be replaced by a calcium atom. Precisely the mixture was composed of 2.26 g of CaBr{sub 2} added to 222.14 g of CeBr{sub 3}. Preliminary scintillation measurements are presented for this aliovalently doped scintillator. Ca{sup 2+}-doped CeBr{sub 3} exhibited little or no change in the peak fluorescence emission for 371?nm optical excitation for CeBr{sub 3}. The structural, electronic, and optical properties of CeBr{sub 3} crystals were studied using the density functional theory within the generalized gradient approximation. Calculated lattice parameters are in agreement with the experimental data. The energy band structures and density of states were obtained. The optical properties of CeBr{sub 3}, including the dielectric function, were calculated.

  13. UNIT NUMBER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 UNIT NAME C-611 Underaround Diesel Tank REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Immediately southeast of C-611 APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 1000 gallon FUNCTION: Diesel storage OPERATIONAL...

  14. Singlet-Triplet Splittings in CX2 (X ) F, Cl, Br, I) Dihalocarbenes via Negative Ion Photoelectron Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lineberger, W. Carl

    Singlet-Triplet Splittings in CX2 (X ) F, Cl, Br, I) Dihalocarbenes via Negative Ion Photoelectron2, and CI2. In addition to the long list of theoretical studies on CX2 (X ) F, Cl, Br, I

  15. Studies on Ca2+-Doped CeBr3 Scintillating Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guss, P. [NSTec; Foster, M. E. [SNL; Wong, B. M. [SNL; Doty, F. P. [SNL; Shah, K. [RMD; Squillante, M. R. [RMD; Shirwadkar, U. [RMD; Hawrami, R. [RMD; Tower, J. [RMD; Yuan, D. [NSTec

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the outstanding scintillation performance characteristics of cerium tribromide (CeBr3) and cerium-activated lanthanum tribromide (LaBr3:Ce), their commercial availability and application is limited due to the difficulties of growing large, crack-free single crystals from these fragile materials. The objective of this investigation was to employ aliovalent doping to increase crystal strength while maintaining the optical properties of the crystal. One divalent dopant (Ca2+) was investigated as a dopant to strengthen CeBr3 without negatively impacting scintillation performance. Ingots containing nominal concentrations of 1.9% of the Ca2+ dopant were grown. Preliminary scintillation measurements are presented for this aliovalently doped scintillator. Ca2+-doped CeBr3 exhibited little or no change in the peak fluorescence emission for 371 nm optical excitation for CeBr3. The structural, electronic, and optical properties of CeBr3 crystals were investigated using the density functional theory within generalized gradient approximation. The calculated lattice parameters are in good agreement with the experimental data. The energy band structures and density of states were obtained. The optical properties of CeBr3, including the dielectric function, were calculated.

  16. Electron Transfer to SF6 and Oriented CH3Br Sean A. Harris, Susan D. Wiediger, and Philip R. Brooks*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Philip R.

    ARTICLES Electron Transfer to SF6 and Oriented CH3Br Sean A. Harris, Susan D. Wiediger, and Philip in collisions of unoriented SF6 and oriented CH3Br. For lab energies 5-30 eV, Br- is the only ion observed from the same energetic threshold for forming Br- . SF5 - , SF6 - , and F- ions are observed from SF6 and O2

  17. Working Title Scientist 3 Auto req ID 1024BR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzotti, Frank

    of these vegetation management efforts. Will work with the staff and management at the field stations. Reports to the Vegetation Management Section's Invasive Species Unit Lead Scientist and will work closely. Prepares required work orders and reports for planning, implementing and documenting vegetation management

  18. UNIT NUMBER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 C-750B Diesel UST UNIT NAME REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Southeast corner of C-750 APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 10,000 gallon FUNCTION: Diesel storage OPERATIONAL STATUS: Removed...

  19. Delayed neutron studies of separated isotopes of Br, Rb, I, and Cs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reeder, R L; Wright, J F

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Discusses delayed neutron studies of separated isotopes of Br, Rb, I, and Cs are currently in progress at the Spectrometer for On-Line Analysis of Radionuclides (SOLAR) facility operated by Battelle, Pacific Northwest Laboratories. (2 refs).

  20. Measurement of BR(Bu to phi K)/BR(Bu to J/psi K) at the collider detector at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Napora, Robert A

    2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents evidence for the decay mode B{sup {+-}} {yields} {phi}K{sup {+-}} in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV using (120 {+-} 7)pb{sup -1} of data collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). This signal is then used to measure the branching ratio relative to the decay mode B{sup {+-}} {yields} J/{psi}K{sup {+-}}. The measurement starts from reconstructing the two decay modes: B{sup {+-}} {yields} {phi}K{sup {+-}}, where {phi} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -} and B{sup {+-}} {yields} J/{psi}K{sup {+-}}, where J/{psi} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}. The measurement yielded 23 {+-} 7 B{sup {+-}} {yields} {phi}K{sup {+-}} events, and 406 {+-} 26 B{sup {+-}} {yields} J/{psi}K{sup {+-}} events. The fraction of B{sup {+-}} {yields} J/{psi}K{sup {+-}} events where the J/{psi} subsequently decayed to two muons (as opposed to two electrons) was found to be f{sub {mu}{mu}} = 0.839 {+-} 0.066. The relative branching ratio of the two decays is then calculated based on the equation: BR(B{sup {+-}} {yields} {phi}K{sup {+-}})/BR(B{sup {+-}} {yields} J/{psi}K{sup {+-}}) = N{sub {phi}K}/N{sub {psi}K} {center_dot}f{sub {mu}{mu}} BR(J/{psi} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -})/BR({phi} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}) {epsilon}{sub {mu}{mu}}K/{epsilon}KKK R({epsilon}{sub iso}). The measurement finds BR(B{sup {+-}} {yields} {phi}K{sup {+-}})/BR(B{sup {+-}} {yields} J/{psi}K{sup {+-}}) = 0.0068 {+-} 0.0021(stat.) {+-} 0.0007(syst.). The B{sup {+-}} {yields} {phi}K{sup {+-}} branching ratio is then found to be BR(B{sup {+-}} {yields} {phi}K{sup {+-}}) = [6.9 {+-} 2.1(stat.) {+-} 0.8(syst.)] x 10{sup -6}. This value is consistent with similar measurements reported by the e{sup +}e{sup -} collider experiments BaBar[1], Belle[2], and CLEO[3].

  1. br Owner br Facility br Type br Capacity br MW br Commercial br Online

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells, Wisconsin: EnergyWyandanch,Eaga SolarZolo Technologies IncusgbcblackOwner

  2. Measurement of \\Gamma_{ee}(J/\\psi)*Br(J/\\psi->e^+e^-) and \\Gamma_{ee}(J/\\psi)*Br(J/\\psi->\\mu^+\\mu^-)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anashin, V V; Baldin, E M; Barladyan, A K; Barnyakov, A Yu; Barnyakov, M Yu; Baru, S E; Bedny, I V; Beloborodova, O L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Bobrov, A V; Bobrovnikov, V S; Bogomyagkov, A V; Bondar, A E; Bondarev, D V; Buzykaev, A R; Eidelman, S I; Glukhovchenko, Yu M; Gulevich, V V; Gusev, D V; Karnaev, S E; Karpov, G V; Karpov, S V; Kharlamova, T A; Kiselev, V A; Kononov, S A; Kotov, K Yu; Kravchenko, E A; Kulikov, V F; Kurkin, G Ya; Kuper, E A; Levichev, E B; Maksimov, D A; Malyshev, V M; Maslennikov, A L; Medvedko, A S; Meshkov, O I; Mishnev, S I; Morozov, I I; Muchnoi, N Yu; Neufeld, V V; Nikitin, S A; Nikolaev, I B; Okunev, I N; Onuchin, A P; Oreshkin, S B; Orlov, I O; Osipov, A A; Peleganchuk, S V; Pivovarov, S G; Piminov, P A; Petrov, V V; Poluektov, A O; Popkov, I N; Prisekin, V G; Ruban, A A; Sandyrev, V K; Savinov, G A; Shamov, A G; Shatilov, D N; Shwartz, B A; Simonov, E A; Sinyatkin, S V; Skovpen, Yu I; Skrinsky, A N; Smaluk, V V; Sokolov, A V; Sukharev, A M; Starostina, E V; Talyshev, A A; Tayursky, V A; Telnov, V I; Tikhonov, Yu A; Todyshev, K Yu; Tumaikin, G M; Usov, Yu V; Vorobiov, A I; Yushkov, A N; Zhilich, V N; Zhulanov, V V; Zhuravlev, A N

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The products of the electron width of the J/\\psi meson and the branching fraction of its decays to the lepton pairs were measured using data from the KEDR experiment at the VEPP-4M electron-positron collider. The results are \\Gamma_{ee}(J/\\psi)*Br(J/\\psi->e^+e^-)=0.3323\\pm0.0064\\pm0.0048 keV, \\Gamma_{ee}(J/\\psi)*Br(J/\\psi->\\mu^+\\mu^-)=0.3318\\pm0.0052\\pm0.0063 keV. Assuming e\\mu universality and using the world average value of the lepton branching fraction, we also determine the leptonic \\Gamma_{ll}=5.59\\pm0.12 keV and total \\Gamma=94.1\\pm2.7 keV widths of the J/\\psi meson.

  3. Measuring BR($h \\to \\tau ^+ \\tau ^-$) at the ILC: a full simulation study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kawada, Shin-ichi; Suehara, Taikan; Takahashi, Tohru; Tanabe, Tomohiko; Yokoyama, Harumichi

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We evaluate the expected measurement accuracy of the branching ratio of the Standard Model Higgs boson decaying into tau pairs at the ILC with a full simulation of the ILD detector concept. We assume a Higgs mass of 125 GeV, a branching ratio of BR($h \\to \\tau ^+ \\tau ^-$) = 6.32%, a beam polarization of electron (positron) of -0.8(+0.3), and an integrated luminosity of 250 fb$^{-1}$. The Higgs-strahlung process $e^+ e^- \\to Zh$ with $Z \\to q\\overline{q}$ is analyzed. We estimate the measurement accuracy of the branching ratio $\\Delta (\\sigma \\times \\mathrm{BR}) / (\\sigma \\times \\mathrm{BR})$ to be 3.4% with using a multivariate analysis technique.

  4. PSD Methods Comparison and Discrimination Efficiency Study for LaBr3:Ce Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cang, Jirong; Zeng, Zhi; Cheng, Jianping; Liu, Yinong; Li, Junli

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LaBr3:Ce scintillator has been widely studied for nuclear spectroscopy because of its optimal energy resolution (CCM, the correlation between the CCM feature value distribution and the total charge (energy) was quantitatively analyzed, and a fitting equation of the correlation is inferred and verified with experiment. With the equation, an energy-dependent threshold was chosen to optimize the discrim...

  5. Br J Nutr . Author manuscript Calcium carbonate suppresses haem toxicity markers without calcium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Br J Nutr . Author manuscript Page /1 9 Calcium carbonate suppresses haem toxicity markers without-term studies in rats identified calcium carbonate as the most effective calcium salt to bind haem in vitro demonstrated that a diet containing 100 mol/g calcium carbonate did not promote aberrant crypt foci

  6. The solvation of Cl , Br , and I in acetonitrile clusters: Photoelectron spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perera, Lalith

    The solvation of Cl , Br , and I in acetonitrile clusters: Photoelectron spectroscopy and molecular in acetonitrile clusters CH3CN n with n 1­33, 1­40, and 1­55, respectively, taken with 7.9 eV photon energy. Anion simulations of halide­acetonitrile clusters reproduce the measured stabilization energies and generate full

  7. Design and experimental testing of the performance of an outdoor LiBr/H{sub 2}O solar thermal absorption cooling system with a cold store

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agyenim, Francis; Knight, Ian; Rhodes, Michael [The Welsh School of Architecture, Bute Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF10 3NB Wales (United Kingdom)

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A domestic-scale prototype experimental solar cooling system has been developed based on a LiBr/H{sub 2}O absorption system and tested during the 2007 summer and autumn months in Cardiff University, UK. The system consisted of a 12 m{sup 2} vacuum tube solar collector, a 4.5 kW LiBr/H{sub 2}O absorption chiller, a 1000 l cold storage tank and a 6 kW fan coil. The system performance, as well as the performances of the individual components in the system, were evaluated based on the physical measurements of the daily solar radiation, ambient temperature, inlet and outlet fluid temperatures, mass flow rates and electrical consumption by component. The average coefficient of thermal performance (COP) of the system was 0.58, based on the thermal cooling power output per unit of available thermal solar energy from the 12 m{sup 2} Thermomax DF100 vacuum tube collector on a hot sunny day with average peak insolation of 800 W/m{sup 2} (between 11 and 13.30 h) and ambient temperature of 24 C. The system produced an electrical COP of 3.6. Experimental results prove the feasibility of the new concept of cold store at this scale, with chilled water temperatures as low as 7.4 C, demonstrating its potential use in cooling domestic scale buildings. (author)

  8. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total U.S.1...

  9. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total...

  10. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings...

  11. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total...

  12. Termination unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Traeholt, Chresten [Frederiksberg, DK; Willen, Dag [Klagshamn, SE; Roden, Mark [Newnan, GA; Tolbert, Jerry C [Carrollton, GA; Lindsay, David [Carrollton, GA; Fisher, Paul W [Heiskell, TN; Nielsen, Carsten Thidemann [Jaegerspris, DK

    2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention relates to a termination unit comprising an end-section of a cable. The end section of the cable defines a central longitudinal axis and comprising end-parts of N electrical phases, an end-part of a neutral conductor and a surrounding thermally insulation envelope adapted to comprising a cooling fluid. The end-parts of the N electrical phases and the end-part of the neutral conductor each comprising at least one electrical conductor and being arranged in the cable concentrically around a core former with a phase 1 located relatively innermost, and phase N relatively outermost in the cable, phase N being surrounded by the neutral conductor, electrical insulation being arrange between neighboring electrical phases and between phase N and the neutral conductor, and wherein the end-parts of the neutral conductor and the electrical phases each comprise a contacting surface electrically connected to at least one branch current lead to provide an electrical connection: The contacting surfaces each having a longitudinal extension, and being located sequentially along the longitudinal extension of the end-section of the cable. The branch current leads being individually insulated from said thermally insulation envelope by individual electrical insulators.

  13. Hyundai plans rubber unit despite overcapacity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hyoungjin Kim

    1993-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the oversupply of synthetic rubber in South Korea, the government has granted approval to Hyundai Petrochemical (Seoul) to build the country's second synthetic rubber unit, to be located alongside its petrochemical complex at Daesan. The plant is due for startup during second-half 1995, when the local market is expected to be in better balance. Hyundai will use Goodyear Tire Rubber technology for the plant, which will have annual capacities for 40,000 m.t. of polybutadiene rubber (BR), 30,000 m.t. of styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) and 12,000 m.t. of nitrile rubber (NBR). Styrene and butadiene requirements will be met from Hyundai's own production at Daesan. The current local producer of synthetic rubber is Korea Kumho Petrochemicals (Seoul), which has annual capacities for 150,000 m.t. of SBR, 95,000 m.t. of BR, and 10,000 m.t. of NBR. Korean SBR demand is about 141,000 m.t./year but is expected to increase to 161,000 m.t./year by 1996 and reach 194,000 m.t./year by the end of the decade.

  14. Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zone Mesozoic granite granodiorite Aurora Geothermal Area Aurora Geothermal Area Walker Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region MW Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area Beowawe Hot...

  15. Abundances of s-process elements in planetary nebulae: Br, Kr & Xe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Zhang; R. Williams; E. Pellegrini; K. Cavagnolo; J. A. Baldwin; B. Sharpee; M. Phillips; X. -W. Liu

    2006-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We identify emission lines of post-iron peak elements in very high signal-to-noise spectra of a sample of planetary nebulae. Analysis of lines from ions of Kr and Xe reveals enhancements in most of the PNe, in agreement with the theories of s-process in AGB star. Surprisingly, we did not detect lines from Br even though s-process calculations indicate that it should be produced with Kr at detectable levels.

  16. cnEiFrnr,:-BR,1;q*tsE ns John Franks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    cnEiFrnr,:- BR,1;q*tsE ns Acid rain John Franks The liDk betwccn sulphur at|d dtrogen odde5 sofe.i,rc fro; th..f..ts torhesethe6xh6ustsofmiilionsol porlol of acid rain, little has been don. Acid rain was mntioned by Bdish chemistRobenAngus Smirhas a factor in lhe air a.ound Manchesterand 'cor

  17. MS 211 -CALCULO NUMERICO -1o http://www.ime.unicamp.br/ ms211/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussner, Peter

    MS 211 - C´ALCULO NUM´ERICO - 1o SEM/2010 http://www.ime.unicamp.br/ ms211/ Turma Per Ruggiero e V´era Lucia da Rocha Lopes, C´alculo Num´erico - Aspectos Te´oricos e Computacionais, Pearson´etodos Num´ericos para as Engenharias e Ci^encias Aplicadas, Edi- tora da Unicamp, Campinas, segunda edi

  18. Optimization of electrode characteristics for the Br?/H? redox flow cell

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tucker, Michael C.; Cho, Kyu Taek; Weber, Adam Z.; Lin, Guangyu; Van Nguyen, Trung

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Br?/H? redox flow cell shows promise as a high-power, low-cost energy storage device. The effect of various aspects of material selection, processing, and assembly of electrodes on the operation, performance, and efficiency of the system is determined. In particular, (+) electrode thickness, cell compression, hydrogen pressure, and () electrode architecture are investigated. Increasing hydrogen pressure and depositing the () catalyst layer on the membrane instead of on the carbon-paper backing layers have a large positive impact on performance, enabling a limiting current density above 2 A cm-2 and a peak power density of 1.4 W cm-2. Maximum energy efficiencymoreof 79% is achieved. In addition, the root cause of limiting-current behavior in this system is elucidated, where it is found that Br? reversibly adsorbs at the Pt () electrode for potentials exceeding a critical value, and the extent of Br? coverage is potential-dependent. This phenomenon limits maximum cell current density and must be addressed in system modeling and design. These findings are expected to lower system cost and enable higher efficiency.less

  19. Optimization of electrode characteristics for the Br2/H2 redox flow cell

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tucker, Michael C.; Cho, Kyu Taek; Weber, Adam Z.; Lin, Guangyu; Nguyen, Trung V.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Br2/H2 redox flow cell shows promise as a high-power, low-cost energy storage device. The effect of various aspects of material selection, processing, and assembly of electrodes on the operation, performance, and efficiency of the system is determined. In particular, (+) electrode thickness, cell compression, hydrogen pressure, and (?) electrode architecture are investigated. Increasing hydrogen pressure and depositing the (?) catalyst layer on the membrane instead of on the carbon paper backing layers have a large positive impact on performance, enabling a limiting current density above 2 A cm?2 and a peak power density of 1.4 W cm?2. Maximum energymoreefficiency of 79 % is achieved. In addition, the root cause of limiting-current behavior in this system is elucidated, where it is found that Br? reversibly adsorbs at the Pt (?) electrode for potentials exceeding a critical value, and the extent of Br? coverage is potential-dependent. This phenomenon limits maximum cell current density and must be addressed in system modeling and design. These findings are expected to lower system cost and enable higher efficiency.less

  20. Optimization of electrode characteristics for the Br2/H2 redox flow cell

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tucker, Michael C.; Cho, Kyu Taek; Weber, Adam Z.; Lin, Guangyu; Nguyen, Trung V.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Br2/H2 redox flow cell shows promise as a high-power, low-cost energy storage device. The effect of various aspects of material selection, processing, and assembly of electrodes on the operation, performance, and efficiency of the system is determined. In particular, (+) electrode thickness, cell compression, hydrogen pressure, and (?) electrode architecture are investigated. Increasing hydrogen pressure and depositing the (?) catalyst layer on the membrane instead of on the carbon paper backing layers have a large positive impact on performance, enabling a limiting current density above 2 A cm?2 and a peak power density of 1.4 W cm?2. Maximum energy efficiency of 79 % is achieved. In addition, the root cause of limiting-current behavior in this system is elucidated, where it is found that Br? reversibly adsorbs at the Pt (?) electrode for potentials exceeding a critical value, and the extent of Br? coverage is potential-dependent. This phenomenon limits maximum cell current density and must be addressed in system modeling and design. These findings are expected to lower system cost and enable higher efficiency.

  1. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Fuels Used and End Uses in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings...

  2. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings With"...

  3. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in...

  4. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings With"...

  5. Near UV atmospheric absorption measurements of column abundances during Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition, January-February 1989: 3. BrO observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wahner, A.; Callies, J.; Dorn, H.P.; Platt, U.; Schiller, C. (Kernforschungsanlage Juelich (West Germany))

    1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Column abundances of BrO were measured during the Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition from January 6 to February 9, 1989 by near UV absorption spectroscopy. BrO was detected during early flights by scattered sunlight observations during twilight and direct moon light observations during the night. The daytime vertical column abundances of BrO varied between 2 {times} 10{sup 13} cm{sup {minus}2} and 13 {times} 10{sup 13} cm{sup {minus}2} and are consistent with observed OClO column abundances and chemical model calculations. The nighttime presence of BrO suggests different vertical profiles of BrO and ClO.

  6. PSD Methods Comparison and Discrimination Efficiency Study for LaBr3:Ce Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jirong Cang; Ming Zeng; Zhi Zeng; Jianping Cheng; Yinong Liu; Junli Li

    2015-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    LaBr3:Ce scintillator has been widely studied for nuclear spectroscopy because of its optimal energy resolution (CCM, the correlation between the CCM feature value distribution and the total charge (energy) was quantitatively analyzed, and a fitting equation of the correlation is inferred and verified with experiment. With the equation, an energy-dependent threshold was chosen to optimize the discrimination efficiency. Therefore, it can be expected that a correction of the alpha and gamma PSD spectrum would also be done with the equation, to achieve more accurate result.

  7. Infrared spectra of ClCN{sup +}, ClNC{sup +}, and BrCN{sup +} trapped in solid neon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacox, Marilyn E.; Thompson, Warren E. [Optical Technology Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8441 (United States)

    2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    When a mixture of ClCN or BrCN with a large excess of neon is codeposited at 4.3 K with a beam of neon atoms that have been excited in a microwave discharge, the infrared spectrum of the resulting solid includes prominent absorptions of the uncharged isocyanide, ClNC or BrNC, and of the corresponding cation, ClCN{sup +} or BrCN{sup +}. The NC-stretching fundamentals of the isocyanides trapped in solid neon lie close to the positions for their previously reported argon-matrix counterparts. The CN-stretching absorptions of ClCN{sup +} and BrCN{sup +} and the CCl-stretching absorption of ClCN{sup +} appear very close to the gas-phase band centers. Absorptions of two overtones and one combination band of ClCN{sup +} are identified. Reversible photoisomerization of ClCN{sup +} to ClNC{sup +} occurs. The two stretching vibrational fundamentals and several infrared and near infrared absorptions associated with electronic transitions of ClNC{sup +} are observed. Minor infrared peaks are attributed to the vibrational fundamental absorptions of the CX and CX{sup +} species (X=Cl,Br)

  8. High temperature crystal structures and superionic properties of SrCl{sub 2}, SrBr{sub 2}, BaCl{sub 2} and BaBr{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hull, Stephen, E-mail: stephen.hull@stfc.ac.uk [The ISIS Facility, STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Norberg, Stefan T. [The ISIS Facility, STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg (Sweden); Ahmed, Istaq; Eriksson, Sten G. [Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg (Sweden); Mohn, Chris E. [Department of Chemistry and Centre for Materials Science and Nanotechnology, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1033 Blindern, N-0315 Oslo (Norway)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The structural properties of the binary alkaline-earth halides SrCl{sub 2}, SrBr{sub 2}, BaCl{sub 2} and BaBr{sub 2} have been investigated from ambient temperature up to close to their melting points, using the neutron powder diffraction technique. Fluorite-structured SrCl{sub 2} undergoes a gradual transition to a superionic phase at 900-1100 K, characterised by an increasing concentration of anion Frenkel defects. At a temperature of 920(3) K, the tetragonal phase of SrBr{sub 2} undergoes a first-order transition to a cubic fluorite phase. This high temperature phase shows the presence of extensive disorder within the anion sublattice, which differs from that found in superionic SrCl{sub 2}. BaCl{sub 2} and BaBr{sub 2} both adopt the cotunnite crystal structure under ambient conditions. BaCl{sub 2} undergoes a first-order structural transition at 917(5) K to a disordered fluorite-structured phase. The relationship between the (disordered) crystal structures and the ionic conductivity behaviour is discussed and the influence of the size of the mobile anion on the superionic behaviour is explored. - Graphical abstract: Anomalous behaviour of the lattice expansion of SrCl{sub 2} at temperatures of {approx}1000 K is associated with the gradual transition to a superionic phase, whilst SrBr{sub 2} undergoes a first-order structural transition ({beta}{yields}{alpha}) to a fluorite-structured superionic phase at 920(3) K. Highlights: > Anomalous behaviour of the lattice expansion of SrCl{sub 2} occurs at temperatures {approx}1000 K. > Crystal structure of {beta}-SrBr{sub 2} is described in detail. > On heating, SrBr{sub 2} and BaCl{sub 2} transform to a fluorite-structured superionic phase. > Temperature dependence of the BaCl{sub 2} and BaBr{sub 2} structures is presented. > Nature of the superionic phases within the alkaline-earth halides is discussed.

  9. The impact of water flow configuration on crystallisation in LiBr/H2O absorption water heater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Kai [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lithium Bromide (LiBr) strong solution entering the absorber tends to crystallise when the absorber temperature is increased for a fixed evaporating pressure. This is considered the key technical barrier for the development of a LiBr absorption heat pump water heater. There are several approaches to avoid the crystallisation problem, such as chemical crystallisation inhibitors, heat and mass transfer enhancement and thermodynamic cycle modification. This paper investigates and compares two flow configurations of LiBr absorption heat pump water heater to evaluate the allowable operating conditions for each. The simulation results indicated that introducing the process water through the absorber first results in lower absorber temperature and hence less tendency for crystallisation.

  10. Microwave-assisted solvothermal synthesis of flower-like Ag/AgBr/BiOBr microspheres and their high efficient photocatalytic degradation for p-nitrophenol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Tingting, E-mail: tingtingli1983@hotmail.com [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Department of Environment and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Jiangxi Province for Ecological Diagnosis, Remediation and Pollution Control, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063 (China); Luo, Shenglian, E-mail: sllou@hnu.edu.cn [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Biosensing and Chemometrics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Department of Environment and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Jiangxi Province for Ecological Diagnosis, Remediation and Pollution Control, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063 (China); Yang, Lixia [Department of Environment and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Jiangxi Province for Ecological Diagnosis, Remediation and Pollution Control, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang 330063 (China)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Flower-like Ag/AgBr/BiOBr microspheres were successfully fabricated by the approach of microwave-assisted solvothermal and in situ photo-assisted reduction. A reactive ionic liquid 1-hexadecyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide ([C{sub 16}mim]Br) was employed as Br source in the presence of surfactant polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). The photocatalytic activity of Ag/AgBr/BiOBr towards the decomposition of p-nitrophenol under visible light irradiation was evaluated. The results indicated that Ag/AgBr/BiOBr showed enhanced photocatalytic activity towards p-nitrophenol, comparing with P25, BiOBr and Ag/AgBr. More than 96% of p-nitrophenol was decomposed in 3.5 h under visible-light irradation. The excellent photocatalytic activity of flower-like Ag/AgBr/BiOBr microspheres can be attributed to the large specific surface area, strong visible-light absorption, suitable energy band structure and surface plasmon resonance effect of Ag nanoparticles. The possible photocatalytic mechanism was proposed based on the active species test and band gap structure analysis. - Graphical abstract: The photocatalytic reaction mechanisms of the as-prepared Ag/AgBr/BiOBr. Display Omitted - Highlights: Successful synthesis of flower-like Ag/AgBr/BiOBr microspheres. The Ag/AgBr/BiOBr showed much higher photocatalytic activity towards p-nitrophenol as compared to BiOBr and Ag/AgBr. The reasons for the excellent photocatalytic activity are the large specific surface area, strong visible-light absorption and surface plasmon resonance effect of Ag nanoparticles. The O{sub 2}{sup ?}, Br{sup 0} and photogenerated h{sup +} play key roles in the photocatalytic degradation process.

  11. LiCl Dehumidifier LiBr absorption chiller hybrid air conditioning system with energy recovery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ko, Suk M. (Huntsville, AL)

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention relates to a hybrid air conditioning system that combines a solar powered LiCl dehumidifier with a LiBr absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier removes the latent load by absorbing moisture from the air, and the sensible load is removed by the absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier is coupled to a regenerator and the desiccant in the regenerator is heated by solar heated hot water to drive the moisture therefrom before being fed back to the dehumidifier. The heat of vaporization expended in the desiccant regenerator is recovered and used to partially preheat the driving fluid of the absorption chiller, thus substantially improving the overall COP of the hybrid system.

  12. Robust CsBr/Cu Photocathodes for the Linac Coherent Light Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maldonado, Juan R.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Liu, Zhi; Dowell, D.H.; Kirby, Robert E.; Sun, Yun; Pianetta, Piero; /SLAC; Pease, Fabian; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

    2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The linac coherent light source (LCLS), an x-ray free-electron laser project presently under construction at SLAC, uses a 2.856 GHz rf photocathode gun with a copper cathode for its electron source. While the copper cathode is performing well for the LCLS project, a cathode material with higher quantum efficiency would reduce the drive laser requirements and allow a greater range of operating conditions. Therefore a robust CsBr/Cu photocathode with greater than 50 times the quantum yield at 257 nm relative to the present LCLS copper cathode has been investigated. Preliminary experiments using a dedicated electron source development test stand at SLAC/SSRL are encouraging and are presented in this paper.

  13. Infrared phonon modes in multiferroic single-crystal FeTe2O5Br

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Miller, K. H.; Xu, X. S.; Berger, H.; Craciun, V.; Xi, Xiaoxiang; Martin, C.; Carr, G. L.; Tanner, D. B.

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reflection and transmission as a function of temperature (7300 K and 5300 K respectively) have been measured on single crystals of the multiferroic compound FeTe2O5Br utilizing light spanning from the far infrared to the visible. The complex dielectric function and other optical properties were obtained via Kramers-Kronig analysis and by fits to a Drude-Lortentz model. Analysis of the anisotropic excitation spectra via Drude-Lorentz fitting and lattice dynamical calculations have led to the observation of 43 of the 53 modes predicted along the b axis of the monoclinic cell. The phonon response parallel to the a and c axes are also presented. Assignments to groups (clusters) of phonons have been made and trends within them are discussed in light of our calculated displacement patterns.

  14. Reactive halogens (BrO and OClO) detected in the plume of Soufrire Hills Volcano during an eruption hiatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donovan, Amy; Tsanev, Vitchko; Oppenheimer, Clive; Edmonds, Marie

    2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    published data from petrological studies of SHV. Pumiceous clasts with high vesicularity at SHV have higher Cl and Br content than dome rocks, and both spe- cies appear to have similar degassing behaviors [Villemant et al., 2008] (using whole-rock Br content... , the work of Bobrowski et al. [2003] and that of Villemant et al. [2008], and compare this with results from the experimental petrology literature. The decrease of Br relative to Cl suggests that the relative partition- ing of Cl and Br into the fluid phase...

  15. State-of-the-Art Review on Crystallization Control Technologies for water/LiBr Absorption Heat Pumps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Kai [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Kisari, Padmaja [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The key technical barrier to using water/lithium bromide (LiBr) as the working fluid in aircooled absorption chillers and absorption heat-pump systems is the risk of crystallization when the absorber temperature rises at fixed evaporating pressure. This article reviews various crystallization control technologies available to resolve this problem: chemical inhibitors, heat and mass transfer enhancement methods, thermodynamic cycle modifications, and absorption system-control strategies. Other approaches, such as boosting absorber pressure and J-tube technology, are reviewed as well. This review can help guide future efforts to develop water/LiBr air-cooled absorption chillers and absorption heatpump systems.

  16. Comparison of LaBr3:Ce and NaI(Tl) Scintillators for Radio-Isotope Identification Devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milbrath, Brian D.; Choate, Bethany J.; Fast, Jim E.; Hensley, Walter K.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Schweppe, John E.

    2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Lanthanum halide (LaBr3:Ce) scintillators offer significantly better resolution (<3 percent at 662 kilo-electron volt [keV]) relative to sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) and have recently become commercially available in sizes large enough for the hand-held radio-isotope identification device (RIID) market. There are drawbacks to lanthanum halide detectors, however. These include internal radioactivity that contributes to spectral counts and a low-energy response that can cause detector resolution to be lower than that of NaI(Tl) below 100 keV. To study the potential of this new material for RIIDs, we performed a series of measurements comparing a 1.5?1.5 inch LaBr?3:Ce detector with an Exploranium GR 135 RIID, which contains a 1.5-2.2 inch NaI(Tl) detector. Measurements were taken for short time frames, as typifies RIID usage. Measurements included examples of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM), typically found in cargo, and special nuclear materials. Some measurements were noncontact, involving short distances or cargo shielding scenarios. To facilitate direct comparison, spectra from the different detectors were analyzed with the same isotope identification software (ORTEC ScintiVision TM). In general, the LaBr3:Ce detector was able to find more peaks and find them faster than the NaI(Tl) detector. To the same level of significance, the LaBr3:Ce detector was usually two to three times faster. The notable exception was for 40K containing NORM where interfering internal contamination in the LaBr3:Ce detector exist. NaI(Tl) consistently outperformed LaBr3:Ce for this important isotope. LaBr3:Ce currently costs much more than NaI(Tl), though this cost-difference is expected to diminish (but not completely) with time. As is true of all detectors, LaBr3:Ce will need to be gain-stabilized for RIID applications. This could possibly be done using the internal contaminants themselves. It is the experience of the authors that peak finding software in RIIDs needs to be improved, regardless of the detector material.

  17. Core-to-valence spectroscopic detection of the CH{sub 2}Br radical and element-specific femtosecond photodissociation dynamics of CH{sub 2}IBr

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Attar, Andrew R.; Piticco, Lorena [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Leone, Stephen R. [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Element-specific single photon photodissociation dynamics of CH{sub 2}IBr and core-to-valence absorption spectroscopy of CH{sub 2}Br radicals are investigated using femtosecond high-harmonic extreme ultraviolet (XUV) transient absorption spectroscopy. Photodissociation of CH{sub 2}IBr along both the CI or CBr reaction coordinates is observed in real-time following excitation at 266 nm. At this wavelength, CI dissociation is the dominant reaction channel and CBr dissociation is observed as a minor pathway. Both photodissociation pathways are probed simultaneously through individual 4d(I) N{sub 4/5} and 3d(Br) M{sub 4/5} core-to-valence transitions. The 3d(Br) M{sub 4/5} pre-edge absorption spectrum of the CH{sub 2}Br radical photoproduct corresponding to the CI dissociation channel is characterized for the first time. Although the radical's singly occupied molecular orbital (SOMO) is mostly localized on the central carbon atom, the 3d(Br) ? ?{sup *}(SOMO) resonances at 68.5 eV and 69.5 eV are detected 2 eV below the parent molecule 3d(Br) ? ?{sup *}(LUMO) transitions. Core-to-valence XUV absorption spectroscopy provides a unique probe of the local electronic structure of the radical species in reference to the Br reporter atom. The measured times for CI dissociation leading to I and I{sup *} atomic products are 48 12 fs and 44 4 fs, respectively, while the measured CBr dissociation time leading to atomic Br is 114 17 fs. The investigation performed here demonstrates the capability of femtosecond time-resolved core-level spectroscopy utilizing multiple reporter atoms simultaneously.

  18. 866 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 16, NO. 6, JUNE 2012 ICE: Intelligent Cell BrEathing to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ansari, Nirwan

    Eathing to Optimize the Utilization of Green Energy Tao Han, Student Member, IEEE, and Nirwan Ansari, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--This letter proposes Intelligent Cell brEathing (ICE) to optimize the utilization of green energy by green energy. Minimizing the maximal depleting rate is an NP-hard problem. ICE is thus proposed

  19. UFF UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL FLUMINENSE PROGEPE PR-REITORIA DE GESTO DE PESSOAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Souza, Max O.

    3 - 3 Tcnico em Mecnica 40 1 - 1 Tcnico em Radiologia 24 2 - 2 Tradutor e Intrprete de Linguagem

  20. Concurso de Residncia Mdica 2014 HUAP/UFF COMISSO PERMANENTE DE CONCURSO DE SELEO COREME / HUAP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Souza, Max O.

    . Jorge Paulo Strogoff de Mattos Patologia Prof. Rita de Cssia Lauria Gonalves da Silva Radiologia e

  1. Advanced Rooftop Unit Control

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Advanced-Rooftop-Unit-Control Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search Policy & Reporting Expand Policy & Reporting EE Sectors Expand EE Sectors...

  2. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Used and End Uses in Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census Division",,,,,,"East...

  3. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Used and End Uses in Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census Division",,,"Pacific...

  4. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Used and End Uses in Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,,,"East North Central Census...

  5. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census Division",,,"Pacific...

  6. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census Division",,,,,,"East...

  7. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" " ",,,"East North Central Census...

  8. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in Northeast Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,,,"New England Census...

  9. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ., Ashland, OR 97520 and Gwyneth Myer, Consultant, 220 W. Rapp Rd. Unit 3, Talent, OR 97540. #12;2 THE FIRE

  10. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census...

  11. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census...

  12. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,,,"East North Central Census...

  13. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in Northeast Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,,,"New England Census...

  14. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in Northeast Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,,,"New England Census...

  15. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    11 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census Division",,,"Pacific...

  16. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,,,"East North Central Census...

  17. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census Division",,,,,,"East...

  18. Ag/AgBr/g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}: A highly efficient and stable composite photocatalyst for degradation of organic contaminants under visible light

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cao, Jing, E-mail: caojing@mail.ipc.ac.cn [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei 235000, Anhui (China); State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China); Zhao, Yijie; Lin, Haili; Xu, Benyan [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei 235000, Anhui (China); Chen, Shifu, E-mail: chshifu@chnu.edu.cn [College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei 235000, Anhui (China)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: Ag/AgBr/g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} composite photocatalysts displayed excellent photocatalytic activities on the degradation of methyl orange (MO) under visible light. The improved photocatalytic performance and stability of Ag/AgBr/g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} originated from the synergetic effects of AgBr/g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} interface and metallic Ag nanoparticles. O{sub 2}?, one of the reactive species, was responsible for the photodegradation of MO compared to H+ and OH. - Highlights: Novel Ag/AgBr/g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} composite photocatalyst was reported. Ag/AgBr/g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} had novel energy band combination between AgBr and g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}. Synergetic effects of AgBr/g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} interface and metallic Ag nanoparticles. Electron trapping role of metallic Ag dominated the stability of Ag/AgBr/g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4}. - Abstract: Novel Ag/AgBr/g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} composite photocatalysts were constructed via depositionprecipitation method and extensively characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and UVvis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). Under visible light (? > 420 nm), Ag/AgBr/g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} composite photocatalysts displayed much higher photocatalytic activities than those of Ag/AgBr and g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} for degradation of methyl orange (MO). 50% Ag/AgBr/g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} presented the best photocatalytic performance, which was mainly attributed to the synergistic effects of AgBr/g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} interface and the in situ metallic Ag nanoparticles for efficiently separating electronhole pairs. Furthermore, Ag/AgBr/g-C{sub 3}N{sub 4} remained good photocatalytic activity through 5 times of cycle experiments. Additionally, the radical scavengers experiment indicated that O{sub 2}{sup ?} was the main reactive species for the MO degradation under visible light.

  19. FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1972 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 66 Prepared by STATISTICS;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The data in this edition of "Fishery Statistics of the United States" were collected in co- operation with the various States and tabulated by the staff of the Statistics and Market News Division

  20. Associative list processing unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hemmert, Karl Scott; Underwood, Keith D.

    2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An associative list processing unit and method comprising employing a plurality of prioritized cell blocks and permitting inserts to occur in a single clock cycle if all of the cell blocks are not full. Also, an associative list processing unit and method comprising employing a plurality of prioritized cell blocks and using a tree of prioritized multiplexers descending from the plurality of cell blocks.

  1. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Gregory G.

    Assessment Thomas M. Quigley, Editor U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research, and Andy Wilson. Thomas M. Quigley Editor United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service United Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 120 p. (Quigley, Thomas M., ed.; Interior Columbia Basin

  2. United States Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    Protect Your Family From Lead in Your Home United States Environmental Protection Agency United · What you can do to protect your family · Where to go for more information Before renting or buying Family from Lead Hazards If you think your home has lead-based paint: · Don't try to remove lead

  3. Measurement of electron capture and loss cross section for 41.67 MeV ??Br ions in H?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, James Martin

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The lab frame is the rest frame of the ion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Schematic diagram of the Tandem Van de Graaff Accel- erator as used to accelerate 7 Br ions. . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . 52 Schematic diagram of experimental apparatus... of this century. Initial investigations concerned the pas- sage of protons and alpha particles through matter as these were essentially the only high speed particles available at that time. Consequently, much information has been accumulated concerning...

  4. Research to understand the embrittlement behavior of Yankee/BR3 surveillance plate and other outlier RPV steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fabry, A.; Velde, J. van de; Puzzolante, J.L.; Ransbeeck, T. van; Verstrepen, A. [SCK/CEN, Mol (Belgium); Biemiller, E.C. [Yankee Atomic Electric Co., Bolton, MA (United States); Carter, R.G. [Electric Power Research Inst., Charlotte, NC (United States); Petrova, T. [INRNE, Sofia (Bulgaria)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The reactor pressure vessels at the Yankee Rowe and Belgian BR3 nuclear plants were constructed by Babcock and Wilcox in 1958. The plates of an open-hearth fabrication were welded using a submerged-arc process with Linde 80 flux as the filler. The original surveillance programs at the two plants were limited to representative A302B specimens; they feature similar chemistries as the ASTM reference plate, but coarser microstructure. The present testing program includes sixteen Charpy-V and four tensile specimens of the surveillance plate, irradiated at BR3 at a dose rate of {approx} 7 E10 cm{sup {minus}2}.s-1 (> 1 MeV) over a period of 25 years; the investigation also addresses annealing and notch orientation effects. The new experimental results are compared to previously published data for the same and/or related melts. The Yankee/BR3 surveillance plate displays an anomalously large 41J C{sub v}-shift as compared to the ASTM reference plate and to Regulatory predictions. Some of the Linde 80 welds investigated by the BR3 program are also found to behave as outliers. The data are evaluated in the light of state-of-the-art damage modeling and fracture micromechanics concepts, which are currently being incorporated into a new, consolidated strategy for improved RPV surveillance. The approach makes extensive use of the information contained in the load-deflection response of the instrumented C{sub v} test. The implications of such analysis in terms of RPV steel embrittlement trend curve development are discussed. 90 refs.

  5. Automatically clustering similar units for unit selection in speech synthesis.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Alan W; Taylor, Paul A

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a new method for synthesizing speech by concatenating sub-word units from a database of labelled speech. A large unit inventory is created by automatically clustering units of the same phone class ...

  6. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Appliances in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to 1949","1950...

  7. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to 1949","1950...

  8. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,,,,,"5 or More...

  9. Stochastic Unit Commitment in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rmisch, Werner

    the amount of installed pumped storage capacity enables the inclusion of pumped storage plants units. Its total capacity is about 13,000 megawatts (MW), including a hydro capacity of 1,700 MW

  10. Associative list processing unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hemmert, Karl Scott; Underwood, Keith D

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An associative list processing unit and method comprising employing a plurality of prioritized cell blocks and permitting inserts to occur in a single clock cycle if all of the cell blocks are not full.

  11. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Climate Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Climate Region2" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Very Cold","Mixed- Humid","Mixed-Dry"...

  12. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Census Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Census Region" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Northeast","Midwest","South","West" "Space...

  13. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,,,,,"5 or More...

  14. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  15. Voltage verification unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Martin, Edward J. (Virginia Beach, VA)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A voltage verification unit and method for determining the absence of potentially dangerous potentials within a power supply enclosure without Mode 2 work is disclosed. With this device and method, a qualified worker, following a relatively simple protocol that involves a function test (hot, cold, hot) of the voltage verification unit before Lock Out/Tag Out and, and once the Lock Out/Tag Out is completed, testing or "trying" by simply reading a display on the voltage verification unit can be accomplished without exposure of the operator to the interior of the voltage supply enclosure. According to a preferred embodiment, the voltage verification unit includes test leads to allow diagnostics with other meters, without the necessity of accessing potentially dangerous bus bars or the like.

  16. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Climate Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Climate Region2" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Very Cold","Mixed- Humid","Mixed-Dry"...

  17. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of a typical wind energy production facility, the results warrant further research on the use of acoustic;1 INTRODUCTION Over the past decade, wind energy production capacity in the United States has increased

  18. " Million Housing Units, Preliminary"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, By Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Preliminary" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)"...

  19. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before...

  20. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Census Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Census Region" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Northeast","Midwest","South"...

  1. " Million Housing Units, Final"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Household Income, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty...

  2. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Census Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Census Region" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Northeast","Midwest","South","West" "Water...

  3. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  4. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,,,,,"5 or More...

  5. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Climate Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Climate Region2" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Very Cold","Mixed- Humid","Mixed-Dry"...

  6. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Household Income, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" ,,"Less than...

  7. " Million Housing Units, Final"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" ,,"Less than 20,000","20,000 to 39,999","40,000 to 59,999","60,000 to...

  8. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" ,,"Less than 20,000","20,000 to 39,999","40,000 to 59,999","60,000 to...

  9. zimas para entender evoluo de leveduras -Terra Brasil 1/1...terra.com.br/.../cientistas-recriam-enzimas-para-entender-evolucao-de-leveduras,a996ed7e34c...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    como enzima ligada ao câncer funciona http://noticias.terra.com.br/ciencia parte do tratamento contra... http://noticias.terra.com.br/ciencia evolução de cromossomos sexuais http://noticias.terra.com.br/ciencia

  10. Best Buys and Unit Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anding, Jenna

    2000-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide explains how to determine a unit price--the cost of an item based on a specific unit such as pound or ounce. Unit pricing can be used to identify foods that are the most economical....

  11. Sandia Energy - Phasor Measurement Units

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Phasor Measurement Units Home Stationary Power Grid Modernization Cyber Security for Electric Infrastructure Phasor Measurement Units Phasor Measurement Unitsashoter2015-05-11T21:0...

  12. LQES Laboratrio de Qumica do Estado Slido Instituto de Qumica -UNICAMP http://lqes.iqm.unicamp.br Nanocincia e Nanotecnologia: um bom motivo para a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campinas, Universidade Estadual de

    ://lqes.iqm.unicamp.br Nanociência e Nanotecnologia: um bom motivo para a Cooperação Científica Brasil-Argentina Oswaldo Luiz Alves, Campinas, SP, Brasil. oalves@iqm.unicamp.br 1. Introdução A Nanociência e a Nanotecnologia (N&N) - áreas do, energia, tratamento de água (potabilidade), saúde pública, entre tantos outros3 . Uma das características

  13. Solving Unit Commitment by a Unit Decommitment Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solving Unit Commitment by a Unit Decommitment Method Chung-Li Tsengy,Chao-an Liz, Shmuel S. Oren x October 14, 1997 Abstract In this paper, we present an e cient and robust method for solving unit commit- ment problem using a unit decommitment method. 1 Introduction A problem that must be frequently solved

  14. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Type of Housing Unit, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Type of Housing Unit" ,"Housing Units (millions)","Single-Family...

  15. United States of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station General. in the aircraft nuclear propulsion department at the National Reactor Testing Station in Idaho. In 1961 Rothermel.S. Department of Agriculture, Fire Laboratory at Missoula was conceived in the aftermath of the Mann Gulch fire

  16. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are thought to contribute to carbon sequestration, including current debates on this topic. The science regarding forestry and carbon sequestration is more advanced and less controversial than that for range, land management, carbon sequestration, carbon markets, United States. #12;ii Executive Summary

  17. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Report NRS-112 Modeling the Effects of Emerald Ash Borer on Forest Composition in the Midwest of human population, energy, consumption, land use, and economic models to project the future condition of forests in the Midwest and Northeast United States. Our results suggest that in most cases EAB

  18. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Alabama, is receiving increasing attention as an economically recoverable natural gas source, and proximity to natural gas markets in the heavily urbanized northeastern United States have prompted increased-10 Reptile, Amphibian, and Small Mammal Species Associated with Natural Gas Development

  19. Preliminary design report: Babcock and Wilcox BR-100 100-ton rail/barge spent fuel shipping cask

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this document is to provide information on burnup credit as applied to the preliminary design of the BR-100 shipping cask. There is a brief description of the preliminary basket design and the features used to maintain a critically safe system. Following the basket description is a discussion of various criticality analyses used to evaluate burnup credit. The results from these analyses are then reviewed in the perspective of fuel burnups expected to be shipped to either the final repository or a Monitored Retrievable Storage (MRS) facility. The hurdles to employing burnup credit in the certification of any cask are then outlines and reviewed. the last section gives conclusions reached as to burnup credit for the BR-100 cask, based on our analyses and experience. All information in this study refers to the cask configured to transport PWR fuel. Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) fuel satisfies the criticality requirements so that burnup credit is not needed. All calculations generated in the preparation of this report were based upon the preliminary design which will be optimized during the final design. 8 refs., 19 figs., 16 tabs.

  20. Thermal insulated glazing unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Selkowitz, S.E.; Arasteh, D.K.; Hartmann, J.L.

    1988-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved insulated glazing unit is provided which can attain about R5 to about R10 thermal performance at the center of the glass while having dimensions about the same as those of a conventional double glazed insulated glazing unit. An outer glazing and inner glazing are sealed to a spacer to form a gas impermeable space. One or more rigid, non-structural glazings are attached to the inside of the spacer to divide the space between the inner and outer glazings to provide insulating gaps between glazings of from about 0.20 inches to about 0.40 inches. One or more glazing surfaces facing each thermal gap are coated with a low emissivity coating. Finally, the thermal gaps are filled with a low conductance gas such as krypton gas. 2 figs.

  1. Thermal insulated glazing unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Selkowitz, Stephen E. (Piedmont, CA); Arasteh, Dariush K. (Oakland, CA); Hartmann, John L. (Seattle, WA)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved insulated glazing unit is provided which can attain about R5 to about R10 thermal performance at the center of the glass while having dimensions about the same as those of a conventional double glazed insulated glazing unit. An outer glazing and inner glazing are sealed to a spacer to form a gas impermeable space. One or more rigid, non-structural glazings are attached to the inside of the spacer to divide the space between the inner and outer glazings to provide insulating gaps between glazings of from about 0.20 inches to about 0.40 inches. One or more glazing surfaces facing each thermal gap are coated with a low emissivity coating. Finally, the thermal gaps are filled with a low conductance gas such as krypton gas.

  2. Contamination analysis unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gregg, Hugh R. (Livermore, CA); Meltzer, Michael P. (Livermore, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The portable Contamination Analysis Unit (CAU) measures trace quantifies of surface contamination in real time. The detector head of the portable contamination analysis unit has an opening with an O-ring seal, one or more vacuum valves and a small mass spectrometer. With the valve closed, the mass spectrometer is evacuated with one or more pumps. The O-ring seal is placed against a surface to be tested and the vacuum valve is opened. Data is collected from the mass spectrometer and a portable computer provides contamination analysis. The CAU can be used to decontaminate and decommission hazardous and radioactive surface by measuring residual hazardous surface contamination, such as tritium and trace organics It provides surface contamination data for research and development applications as well as real-time process control feedback for industrial cleaning operations and can be used to determine the readiness of a surface to accept bonding or coatings.

  3. Contamination analysis unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gregg, H.R.; Meltzer, M.P.

    1996-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The portable Contamination Analysis Unit (CAU) measures trace quantities of surface contamination in real time. The detector head of the portable contamination analysis unit has an opening with an O-ring seal, one or more vacuum valves and a small mass spectrometer. With the valve closed, the mass spectrometer is evacuated with one or more pumps. The O-ring seal is placed against a surface to be tested and the vacuum valve is opened. Data is collected from the mass spectrometer and a portable computer provides contamination analysis. The CAU can be used to decontaminate and decommission hazardous and radioactive surfaces by measuring residual hazardous surface contamination, such as tritium and trace organics. It provides surface contamination data for research and development applications as well as real-time process control feedback for industrial cleaning operations and can be used to determine the readiness of a surface to accept bonding or coatings. 1 fig.

  4. Energy Management in Olefins Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, T. A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the point where waste heat from pyrolysis generates more than enough steam to power the olefins unit recovery section. Furthermore, incorporating gas turbine driven electrical generators or process compressors adds to the utility export potential of the unit...

  5. Energy Audits in Process Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corwin, J. D.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Emphasis is placed on practical considerations in the effective organization and execution of a successful in-house energy audit of a process unit, based upon experience gained in several such audits of Gulf Coast petrochemical units. Staffing...

  6. Energy Management in Olefins Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, T. A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the point where waste heat from pyrolysis generates more than enough steam to power the olefins unit recovery section. Furthermore, incorporating gas turbine driven electrical generators or process compressors adds to the utility export potential of the unit...

  7. The Synergism Between Heat and Mass Transfer Additive and Advanced Surfaces in Aqueous LiBr Horizontal Tube Absorbers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, W.A.

    1999-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments were conducted in a laboratory to investigate the absorption of water vapor into a falling-film of aqueous lithium bromide (LiBr). A mini-absorber test stand was used to test smooth tubes and a variety of advanced tube surfaces placed horizontally in a single-row bundle. The bundle had six copper tubes; each tube had an outside diameter of 15.9-mm and a length of 0.32-m. A unique feature of the stand is its ability to operate continuously and support testing of LiBr brine at mass fractions {ge} 0.62. The test stand can also support testing to study the effect of the failing film mass flow rate, the coolant mass flow rate, the coolant temperature, the absorber pressure and the tube spacing. Manufacturers of absorption chillers add small quantities of a heat and mass transfer additive to improve the performance of the absorbers. The additive causes surface stirring which enhances the transport of absorbate into the bulk of the film. Absorption may also be enhanced with advanced tube surfaces that mechanically induce secondary flows in the falling film without increasing the thickness of the film. Several tube geometry's were identified and tested with the intent of mixing the film and renewing the interface with fresh solution from the tube wall. Testing was completed on a smooth tube and several different externally enhanced tube surfaces. Experiments were conducted over the operating conditions of 6.5 mm Hg absorber pressure, coolant temperatures ranging from 20 to 35 C and LiBr mass fractions ranging from 0.60 through 0.62. Initially the effect of tube spacing was investigated for the smooth tube surface, tested with no heat and mass transfer additive. Test results showed the absorber load and the mass absorbed increased as the tube spacing increased because of the improved wetting of the tube bundle. However, tube spacing was not a critical factor if heat and mass transfer additive was active in the mini-absorber. The additive dramatically affected the hydrodynamics of the falling film and a droplet flow regime was evident for testing at all tube spacings. The mechanical mixing of the advanced surfaces increased the mass transfer to about 75% of that observed on a smooth tube bundle, tested with heat and mass transfer additive. Testing with heat and mass transfer additive and advanced surfaces demonstrated a synergistic effect which doubled the mass absorbed from that observed with only the advanced surface. The overall film-side heat transfer coefficient for the advanced tube bundles doubled with the addition of 500-wppm of 2-ethyl-1- hexanol.

  8. Decommissioning Unit Cost Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanford, P. C.; Stevens, J. L.; Brandt, R.

    2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The Rocky Flats Closure Site (Site) is in the process of stabilizing residual nuclear materials, decommissioning nuclear facilities, and remediating environmental media. A number of contaminated facilities have been decommissioned, including one building, Building 779, that contained gloveboxes used for plutonium process development but did little actual plutonium processing. The actual costs incurred to decommission this facility formed much of the basis or standards used to estimate the decommissioning of the remaining plutonium-processing buildings. Recent decommissioning activities in the first actual production facility, Building 771, implemented a number of process and procedural improvements. These include methods for handling plutonium contaminated equipment, including size reduction, decontamination, and waste packaging, as well as management improvements to streamline planning and work control. These improvements resulted in a safer working environment and reduced project cost, as demonstrated in the overall project efficiency. The topic of this paper is the analysis of how this improved efficiency is reflected in recent unit costs for activities specific to the decommissioning of plutonium facilities. This analysis will allow the Site to quantify the impacts on future Rocky Flats decommissioning activities, and to develop data for planning and cost estimating the decommissioning of future facilities. The paper discusses the methods used to collect and arrange the project data from the individual work areas within Building 771. Regression and data correlation techniques were used to quantify values for different types of decommissioning activities. The discussion includes the approach to identify and allocate overall project support, waste management, and Site support costs based on the overall Site and project costs to provide a ''burdened'' unit cost. The paper ultimately provides a unit cost basis that can be used to support cost estimates for decommissioning at other facilities with similar equipment and labor costs. It also provides techniques for extracting information from limited data using extrapolation and interpolation techniques.

  9. FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SH 11 .A443X FISH FISHERY STATISTICS E UNITED STATES ^ 1951 &ch 3. \\^ ^/' m:^ STATISTICAL DIGEST. Farley, Director Statistical Digest 30 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1951 BY A. W. ANDERSON;Fishery Statistics of the United States and Alaska are compiled and published annually to make available

  10. Entanglement Storage Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Caneva; T. Calarco; S. Montangero

    2012-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a protocol based on optimal control to drive many body quantum systems into long-lived entangled states, protected from decoherence by big energy gaps, without requiring any apriori knowledge of the system. With this approach it is possible to implement scalable entanglement-storage units. We test the protocol in the Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model, a prototype many-body quantum system that describes different experimental setups, and in the ordered Ising chain, a model representing a possible implementation of a quantum bus.

  11. l UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7 AugustAFRICAN3uj:'I,\ W CTheuse of_-_ ._UNITED

  12. Rooftop Unit Campaign

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-Energy usingofRetrofittingFundA l i c eRooftop Unit Campaign

  13. Rooftop Unit Network Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-Energy usingofRetrofittingFundA l i c eRooftop Unit

  14. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

  15. 2013 Reporting Unit Codes | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2013 Reporting Unit Codes 2013 Reporting Unit Codes CFC Reporting Unit Codes 2013.pdf More Documents & Publications EA-0372: Final Environmental Assessment Alignment: Achieving...

  16. Accelerating CHP Deployment, United States Energy Association...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Accelerating CHP Deployment, United States Energy Association (USEA), August 2011 Accelerating CHP Deployment, United States Energy Association (USEA), August 2011 The United...

  17. UNIT NUMBER SWMU 175 UNIT NAME: Concrete Rubble Pile (28...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    75 UNIT NAME: Concrete Rubble Pile (28) REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Outside Security Fence, East of C-360 Building in KPDES Outfall Ditch 002. APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 400 ft...

  18. Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses that were the focus of her studies, but it was the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses like Introduction to Art History and The Near East from Alexander to Muhammad," she said. "In Pakistan at an orphanage in Mexico. Looking ahead, Ayesha intends to earn her medical degree and work in rural Pakistan. "I

  19. High Spin Co(I): High-Frequency and -Field EPR Spectroscopy of CoX(PPh3)3 (X = Cl, Br)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    High Spin Co(I): High-Frequency and -Field EPR Spectroscopy of CoX(PPh3)3 (X = Cl, Br) J. Krzystek Supporting Information ABSTRACT: The previously reported pseudotetrahedral Co(I) complexes, CoX(PR3)3, where is uncommon for Co(I), although expected for this geometry. Described here are studies using electronic

  20. Study of the ArBr-, AC, and Krl-anions and the corresponding neutral van der Waals complexes by anion zero electron kinetic energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumark, Daniel M.

    by anion zero electron kinetic energy spectroscopy Yuexing Zhao, Ivan Yourshaw, Georg Reiser, Caroline C a zero electron kinetic energy @EKE) spectroscopy study of sev- eral rare gas halide (RgX-) anionsI-, and the corresponding open-shell van der Waals complexes, ArBr, ArI, and KrI, were studied with anion zero electron

  1. 80 K anomaly and its effect on the superconducting and magnetic transition in deuterated -,,BEDT-TTF...2CuN,,CN...2Br

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zuo, Fulin

    careful transport and magnetic measurements on single crystals of deuterated - ET 2Cu N CN 2 Br cooling through 80 K will freeze the high temperature magnetic phase to low temperatures and the presence ordering of the chains. In this paper, we report careful transport and magnetic measurements on several

  2. Infrared absorption of gaseous CH{sub 2}BrOO detected with a step-scan Fourier-transform absorption spectrometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Yu-Hsuan [Department of Applied Chemistry and Institute of Molecular Science, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China); Lee, Yuan-Pern, E-mail: yplee@mail.nctu.edu.tw [Department of Applied Chemistry and Institute of Molecular Science, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China); Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    CH{sub 2}BrOO radicals were produced upon irradiation, with an excimer laser at 248 nm, of a flowing mixture of CH{sub 2}Br{sub 2} and O{sub 2}. A step-scan Fourier-transform spectrometer coupled with a multipass absorption cell was employed to record temporally resolved infrared (IR) absorption spectra of reaction intermediates. Transient absorption with origins at 1276.1, 1088.3, 961.0, and 884.9 cm{sup ?1} are assigned to ?{sub 4} (CH{sub 2}-wagging), ?{sub 6} (OO stretching), ?{sub 7} (CH{sub 2}-rocking mixed with CO stretching), and ?{sub 8} (CO stretching mixed with CH{sub 2}-rocking) modes of syn-CH{sub 2}BrOO, respectively. The assignments were made according to the expected photochemistry and a comparison of observed vibrational wavenumbers, relative IR intensities, and rotational contours with those predicted with the B3LYP/aug-cc-pVTZ method. The rotational contours of ?{sub 7} and ?{sub 8} indicate that hot bands involving the torsional (?{sub 12}) mode are also present, with transitions 7{sub 0}{sup 1}12{sub v}{sup v} and 8{sub 0}{sup 1}12{sub v}{sup v}, v = 110. The most intense band (?{sub 4}) of anti-CH{sub 2}BrOO near 1277 cm{sup ?1} might have a small contribution to the observed spectra. Our work provides information for directly probing gaseous CH{sub 2}BrOO with IR spectroscopy, in either the atmosphere or laboratory experiments.

  3. Electron nuclear double resonance study of photostimulated luminescence active centers in CsBr:Eu{sup 2+} medical imaging plates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vrielinck, H.; Loncke, F.; Matthys, P.; Callens, F. [Department of Solid State Sciences, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281-S1, B-9000 Gent (Belgium); Tahon, J.-P.; Leblans, P. [Agfa HealthCare NV, Septestraat 27, B-2640 Mortsel (Belgium)

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CsBr:Eu{sup 2+} needle image plates exhibit an electron-paramagnetic-resonance (EPR) spectrum at room temperature (RT), whose intensity is correlated with the photostimulated luminescence sensitivity of the plate. This EPR spectrum shows a strong temperature dependence: At RT it is owing to a single Eu{sup 2+} (S =7/2) center with axial symmetry, whereas at T<35 K the spectra can only be explained when two distinct centers are assumed to be present, a minority axial center and a majority center with nearly extremely rhombic symmetry. In this paper these low-temperature centers are studied with electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy, which reveals the presence of {sup 1}H nuclei close to the central Eu{sup 2+} ions in the centers. Analysis of the angular dependence of the ENDOR spectra allows to propose models for these centers, providing an explanation for the observed difference in intensity between the spectral components and for their temperature dependence.

  4. Multi-unit operations considerations.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilmore, Walter E. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM); Bennett, Thomas C. (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Albuquerque, NM); Brannon, Nathan Gregory

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several nuclear weapons programs have or are pursuing the implementation of multi-unit operations for tasks such as disassembly and inspection, and rebuild. A multi-unit operation is interpreted to mean the execution of nuclear explosive operating procedures in a single facility by two separate teams of technicians. The institution of a multi-unit operations program requires careful consideration of the tools, resources, and environment provided to the technicians carrying out the work. Therefore, a systematic approach is necessary to produce safe, secure, and reliable processes. In order to facilitate development of a more comprehensive multi-unit operations program, the current work details categorized issues that should be addressed prior to the implementation of multi-unit operations in a given weapons program. The issues have been organized into the following categories: local organizational conditions, work process flow/material handling/workplace configuration, ambient environmental conditions, documented safety analysis, and training.

  5. Advanced Unit Commitment Strategies in the United States Eastern Interconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meibom, P.; Larsen, H. V.; Barth, R.; Brand, H.; Tuohy, A.; Ela, E.

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project sought to evaluate the impacts of high wind penetrations on the U.S. Eastern Interconnection and analyze how different unit commitment strategies may affect these impacts.

  6. Presseinformation Pressesprecherin: Katja Br

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mannheim, Universität

    Studierendenorganisation Students in Free Enterprises erfolgreich / Mannheimer Team tritt in Washington D.C. beim internationalen Wettbewerb an Die Studierendenorganisation SIFE Mannheim (Students in Free Enterprises) tritt beim

  7. Presseinformation Pressesprecherin: Katja Br

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mannheim, Universität

    in einem Auto mit Elektro- oder Verbrennungsmotor. Neben den Leistungen in verschiedenen Renndisziplinen

  8. Presseinformation Pressesprecherin: Katja Br

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mannheim, Universität

    tatsächlich gefunden: das sogenannte Higgs-Boson. Ein Teilchen, das zur Erklärung der Masse dient. Heute

  9. Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park,2005)Energy

  10. Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park,2005)EnergyAmatitlan Geothermal Area Amatitlan Geothermal

  11. Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park,2005)EnergyAmatitlan Geothermal Area Amatitlan

  12. Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park,2005)EnergyAmatitlan Geothermal Area AmatitlanExtensional

  13. Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park,2005)EnergyAmatitlan Geothermal Area

  14. Bi{sub 6}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}O{sub 5}Br{sub 2}: A new bismuth oxo-selenite bromide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berdonosov, Peter S., E-mail: berdonosov@inorg.chem.msu.ru [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Olenev, Andrei V. [SineTheta Ltd., MSU Building 1-77, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)] [SineTheta Ltd., MSU Building 1-77, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Kirsanova, Maria A. [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Lebed, Julia B. [Institute for nuclear research RAS, 142190, Troitsk, Moscow region (Russian Federation)] [Institute for nuclear research RAS, 142190, Troitsk, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Dolgikh, Valery A. [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Department of Chemistry, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A new bismuth oxo-selenite bromide Bi{sub 6}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}O{sub 5}Br{sub 2} was synthesized and structurally characterized. The crystal structure belongs to the triclinic system (space group P1-bar , Z=2, a=7.1253(7) A, b=10.972(1) A, c=12.117(1) A, {alpha}=67.765(7) Degree-Sign , {beta}=82.188(8) Degree-Sign , {gamma}=78.445(7) Degree-Sign ) and is unrelated to those of other known oxo-selenite halides. It can be considered as an open framework composed of BiO{sub x} or BiO{sub y}Br{sub z} polyhedrons forming channels running along [1 0 0] direction which contain the selenium atoms in pyramidal shape oxygen coordination (SeO{sub 3}E). The spectroscopic properties and thermal stability were studied. The new compound is stable up to 400 Degree-Sign C. - graphical abstract: New bismuth oxo-selenite bromide with new open framework structure. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New bismuth oxo-selenite bromide was found and structurally characterized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Bi{sub 6}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 3}O{sub 5}Br{sub 2} exhibit a new open framework structure type. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer BiO{sub x} or BiO{sub y}Br{sub z} polyhedrons form channels in the structure which are decorated by [SeO{sub 3}E] groups.

  15. Second United Nations International Conference

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Second United Nations International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy ON THE ANALYSIS O F BUBBLE CHAMBER TRACKS Q Hugh Bradner and F r a n k Solmitz INTRODUCTION A j...

  16. Reduction in Unit Steam Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gombos, R.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2001 the company's Arch-Brandenburg facility faced increased steam costs due to high natural gas prices and decreased production due to shutdown of a process. The facility was challenged to reduce unit steam consumption to minimize the effects...

  17. Simulation and performance analysis of basic GAX and advanced GAX cycles with ammonia/water and ammonia/water/LiBr absorption fluids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaltash, A.; Grossman, G.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The generator-absorber heat exchange (GAX) and branched GAX cycles are generally considered with NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O as their working fluid. The potential consequences of using a ternary mixture of NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O/LiBr (advanced fluids) in the GAX and Branched GAX (advanced cycles) are discussed in this study. A modular steady state absorption simulation model(ABSIM) was used to investigate the potential of combining the above advanced cycles with the advanced fluids. ABSIM is capable of modeling varying cycle configurations with different working fluids. Performance parameters of the cycles, including coefficient of performance (COP) and heat duties, were investigated as functions of different operating parameters in the cooling mode for both the NH {sub 3}/H{sub 2}O binary and the NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O/LiBr ternary mixtures. High performance potential of GAX and branched GAX cycles using the NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O/LiBr ternary fluid mixture was achieved especially at the high range of firing temperatures exceeding 400{degrees}F. The cooling COP`s have been improved by approximately 21% over the COP achieved with the NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O binary mixtures. These results show the potential of using advanced cycles with advanced fluid mixtures (ternary or quaternary fluid mixtures).

  18. Vapor-liquid equilibria in the system NH{sub 3} + H{sub 2}O + LiBr. 2: Data correlation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, R.; Korinth, C.; Keller, J.U. [Univ. of Siegen (Germany). Institute Fluid- and Thermodynamics

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The systems ammonia + water (NH{sub 3} + H{sub 2}O) and water + lithium bromide (H{sub 2}O + LiBr) provide two working pairs most often used today in air-conditioning systems and systems for reusing industrial waste heat, such as absorption heat pumps and heat transformers. A quasi-chemical reaction model has been developed to correlate vapor-liquid equilibrium data for the system ammonia (NH{sub 3}) + water (H{sub 2}O) + lithium bromide (LiBr) in the temperature range form 303.15 to 473.15 K and at pressures up to 2.0 MPa. this model assumes the formation of ion clusters, i.e., Li{sup +} and Br{sup {minus}} ions surrounded by ammonia and water molecules. Further, ammonia nd water molecules are assumed to form a second species of complexes. The activities of the various components in the liquid phase are modeled by the NRTL equation. The vapor phase, assumed to consist of ammonia and water only, is modeled by the equation of state of Ishikawa, Chung, and Lu.

  19. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Year of Construction, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  20. -UNIT NAME C-728 Motor Cleaning Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    UNIT NUMBER 33 -UNIT NAME C-728 Motor Cleaning Facility -REGULATORY STATUS--3:.:::.0:..04(--u) -LOCATION North of C-720 (Map...

  1. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Number of Household Members, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Number of Households With --" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"1 Member","2...

  2. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Year of Construction, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  3. United Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLC Place:Unalakleet Jump to:0165°,UnionmetUnitedUnited

  4. Organization of ISI by Divisions and Constituent Units Information Sciences Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    Biological Sciences Division Agricultural and Ecological Research Unit Human Genetics Unit Biological Unit Canteen Security Unit Medical Welfare Unit Telephone Unit Transport Unit Guest House Audio Visual

  5. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Div,, . FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1961 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 54 UNITED STATES, Donald L. MeKernan, Director STATISTICAL DIGEST 54 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1961 BY E. A, Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $2 (paper cover) #12;Fishery statistics of the United States are compiled

  6. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1945 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO, 18 United States Dejtartment. Krug, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Albert M. Day, Director Statistical Digest 18 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1945 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING

  7. ABPDU - Advanced Biofuels Process Demonstration Unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lawrence Berkeley National Lab opened its Advanced Biofuels Process Demonstration Unit on Aug. 18, 2011.

  8. University Assessment Contacts Academic Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    .j.arp@oregonstate.edu 541-737-2331 Notes: Agricultural and Resource Economics Assessment Rep: Email: Phone: Penelope DiebelUniversity Assessment Contacts Academic Units COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Assessment Rep.Capalbo@oregonstate.edu 541-737-5639 Notes: Agricultural Education and Agricultural Sciences Assessment Rep: Email: Phone

  9. UNITED NATIONS BEST PRACTICES IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Catlica de Chile)

    UNITED NATIONS BEST PRACTICES IN INVESTMENT FOR DEVELOPMENT CASE STUDIES IN FDI How to Utilize FDI Practices in Investment for Development is a programme of case studies in making foreign direct investment and development. UNCTAD's approach is to undertake case studies of a pair of developed and developing

  10. SUNY Programs: The United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    SUNY Programs: The United Kingdom & Ireland Semester, Academic Year and Short Term #12;1 Table of Contents How to Use This Booklet 1 Choosing a Program in the UK and Ireland 2 Exchange versus Study Abroad 3 Semester & Academic Year Programs 4 Programs in London 4 Programs outside of London 7 Programs

  11. PLANNING UNIT March 18, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prasad, Sanjiva

    PLANNING UNIT March 18, 2009 Advertisement for IREDA Renewable Energy Chair in the Institute acclaimed credentials to its Chair positions. IREDA Renewable Energy Chair was established in the year 1997. The objectives of IREDA Renewable Energy Chair include Research and Development, upgradation of technology

  12. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the Atlantic Ocean. The data represents a 24-hour-long evolution of a tsunami with 1-minute time resolution Evolution of coarsely quantized wave as it propagates toward the shore 8 #12;#12;Compression of MOST in a modeled tsunami caused by each of 804 unit earthquakes (tsunami sources) in the Pacific and 194

  13. RELIABILITY OF CAPACITOR CHARGING UNITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    experience little change while those using the electronic cutoff would drift due to ageing components and changing parameters. The first few shots using the electronic cutoff were less reliable than subsequentRELIABILITY OF CAPACITOR CHARGING UNITS Clint Sprott July 30, 1965 University of Wisconsin

  14. UNITED STATES NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNITED STATES NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION OFFICE OF NUCLEAR MATERIAL SAFETY AND SAFEGUARDS ON RADIATION THERAPY OVEREXPOSURES IN PANAMA Addressees All medical licensees. Purpose The U.S. Nuclear persons in your institution who are involved with radiation therapy should review this notice

  15. Lead (II) selenite halides Pb{sub 3}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}X{sub 2} (X = Br, I): Synthesis and crystal structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berdonosov, P. S., E-mail: berdonosov@inorg.chem.msu.ru; Olenev, A. V.; Dolgikh, V. A. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Two lead selenite halides, Pb{sub 3}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}Br{sub 2} and Pb{sub 3}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 2}I{sub 2}, have been prepared by solid-phase synthesis and structurally characterized. These compounds are isotypic and can be considered 3D with a microporous framework composed of lead polyhedra (distorted Archimedean antiprisms formed by oxygen and halogen atoms). The framework contains channels oriented in the [010] direction. These channels contain selenium atoms, which are bound with framework oxygen atoms belonging to different lead polyhedra.

  16. Parity violation in nuclear magnetic resonance frequencies of chiral tetrahedral tungsten complexes NWXYZ (X, Y, Z = H, F, Cl, Br or I)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nahrwold, Sophie, E-mail: nahrwold@fias.uni-frankfurt.de; Berger, Robert, E-mail: r.berger@fias.uni-frankfurt.de [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main, Ruth-Moufang-Str. 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany) [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main, Ruth-Moufang-Str. 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Clemens-Schpf-Institute, Technical University Darmstadt, Petersenstr. 22, D-64287 Darmstadt (Germany); Schwerdtfeger, Peter, E-mail: p.a.schwerdtfeger@massey.ac.nz [Centre for Theoretical Chemistry and Physics, The New Zealand Institute for Advanced Study, Massey University Albany, Private Bag 102904, North Shore City, Auckland 0745 (New Zealand) [Centre for Theoretical Chemistry and Physics, The New Zealand Institute for Advanced Study, Massey University Albany, Private Bag 102904, North Shore City, Auckland 0745 (New Zealand); Fachbereich Chemie, Philipps-Universitt Marburg, Hans-Meerwein-Str., D-35032 Marburg (Germany)

    2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Density functional theory within the two-component quasi-relativistic zeroth-order regular approximation (ZORA) is used to predict parity violation shifts in {sup 183}W nuclear magnetic resonance shielding tensors of chiral, tetrahedrally bonded tungsten complexes of the form NWXYZ (X, Y, Z = H, F, Cl, Br or I), as well as for the heavier systems NWHAtF and NWH(117)F for comparison. The calculations reveal that sub-mHz accuracy is required to detect such tiny effects in this class of compounds, and that parity violation effects are very sensitive to the choice of ligands.

  17. Synthesis and the crystal and molecular structures of 4-(piperidyl-1)-2-phenylpyrido[2,3-a]anthraquinone-7,12 Mono- and dibromohydrates (HL)Br . 3H{sub 2}O and (H{sub 2}L)Br{sub 2} . 3H{sub 2}O

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kovalchukova, O. V., E-mail: okovalchukova@mail.ru [Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (Russian Federation); Stash, A. I.; Belsky, V. K. [Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry (Russian Federation); Strashnova, S. B.; Zaitsev, B. E.; Ryabov, M. A. [Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (Russian Federation)

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    4-(Piperidyl-1)-2-phenylpyrido[2,3-a]anthraquinone-7,12 monobromohydrate (HL)Br . 3H{sub 2}O (I) and 4-(piperidyl-1)-2-phenylpyrido[2,3-a]anthraquinone-7,12 dibromohydrate (H{sub 2}L)Br{sub 2} . 3H{sub 2}O (II) are isolated in the crystalline state. The crystal structures of compounds I and II are determined using X-ray diffraction. It is established that the protonation of 4-(piperidyl-1)-2-phenylpyrido[2,3-a]anthraquinone-7,12 proceeds primarily through the pyridine atom at pH 2-3. The attachment of the second proton occurs through the piperidine nitrogen atom at pH {approx} 1.

  18. United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNECE United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Economic Commission for Europe of the United Forestry Commission of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, to promote sustainable? UNITED NATIONS #12;#12;ECE/TIM/DP/44 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe/ Food and Agriculture

  19. Gamma-Ray Simulated Spectrum Deconvolution of a LaBr3 1- 1-in. Scintillator for Nondestructive ATR Fuel Burnup On-Site Predictions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Navarro, Jorge; Ring, Terry A.; Nigg, David W.

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A deconvolution method for a LaBr3 1"x1" detector for nondestructive Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) fuel burnup applications was developed. The method consisted of obtaining the detector response function, applying a deconvolution algorithm to 1x1 LaBr3 simulated, data along with evaluating the effects that deconvolution have on nondestructively determining ATR fuel burnup. The simulated response function of the detector was obtained using MCNPX as well with experimental data. The Maximum-Likelihood Expectation Maximization (MLEM) deconvolution algorithm was selected to enhance one-isotope source-simulated and fuel- simulated spectra. The final evaluation of the study consisted of measuring the performance of the fuel bumup calibrationmorecurve for the convoluted and deconvoluted cases. The methodology was developed in order to help design a reliable, high resolution, rugged and robust detection system for the ATR fuel canal capable of collecting high performance data for model validation, along with a system that can calculate burnup and using experimental scintillator detector data.less

  20. Gamma-Ray Simulated Spectrum Deconvolution of a LaBr3 1- 1-in. Scintillator for Nondestructive ATR Fuel Burnup On-Site Predictions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Navarro, Jorge; Ring, Terry A.; Nigg, David W.

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A deconvolution method for a LaBr3 1"x1" detector for nondestructive Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) fuel burnup applications was developed. The method consisted of obtaining the detector response function, applying a deconvolution algorithm to 1x1 LaBr3 simulated, data along with evaluating the effects that deconvolution have on nondestructively determining ATR fuel burnup. The simulated response function of the detector was obtained using MCNPX as well with experimental data. The Maximum-Likelihood Expectation Maximization (MLEM) deconvolution algorithm was selected to enhance one-isotope source-simulated and fuel- simulated spectra. The final evaluation of the study consisted of measuring the performance of the fuel bumup calibration curve for the convoluted and deconvoluted cases. The methodology was developed in order to help design a reliable, high resolution, rugged and robust detection system for the ATR fuel canal capable of collecting high performance data for model validation, along with a system that can calculate burnup and using experimental scintillator detector data.

  1. Gamma-Ray Simulated Spectrum Deconvolution of a LaBr? 1-in. x 1-in. Scintillator for Nondestructive ATR Fuel Burnup On-Site Predictions

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Navarro, Jorge; Ring, Terry A.; Nigg, David W.

    2015-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A deconvolution method for a LaBr? 1"x1" detector for nondestructive Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) fuel burnup applications was developed. The method consisted of obtaining the detector response function, applying a deconvolution algorithm to 1x1 LaBr? simulated, data along with evaluating the effects that deconvolution have on nondestructively determining ATR fuel burnup. The simulated response function of the detector was obtained using MCNPX as well with experimental data. The Maximum-Likelihood Expectation Maximization (MLEM) deconvolution algorithm was selected to enhance one-isotope source-simulated and fuel- simulated spectra. The final evaluation of the study consisted of measuring the performance of the fuel burnup calibrationmorecurve for the convoluted and deconvoluted cases. The methodology was developed in order to help design a reliable, high resolution, rugged and robust detection system for the ATR fuel canal capable of collecting high performance data for model validation, along with a system that can calculate burnup and using experimental scintillator detector data.less

  2. Band Structure Parameters and Fermi Resonances of Exciton-Polaritons in CsI and CsBr under Hydrostatic Pressure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lipp, M J; Yoo, C H; Strachan, D; Daniels, W B

    2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Most alkali halides crystallize in the fcc sodium chloride structure. In contrast, with the exception of CsF, the Cs-halides form the simple cubic cesium chloride (CsCl) structure at ambient conditions and they have a substantially different electronic structure than other alkali halides; in particular, they have several nearly degenerate electronic levels near the Brillouin zone center. Highly resolved Three-Photon Spectroscopy (TPS) measurements allow direct observation of the near band edge structure and, in the case of CsI, probe more states than one-photon techniques. A number of interesting phenomena, among them level repulsion (Fermi resonance), occur as these levels are tuned through one another by application of hydrostatic pressure. To the best of our knowledge, this has been observed for CsBr for the first time. Doubling the photon energy range compared to a previous publication [see Yoo et al. PRL 84, 3875 (2000)] allows direct observation of the n=1, 2 and 3 exciton-polariton members of the {Lambda}{sub 8}{sup -}-{Lambda}{sub 6}{sup +} transition in CsI and lets us establish unambiguous values for the bandgap (6.139 eV), binding energy (0.265 eV) and their pressure dependence up to 7 kbar. Similarly to CsI, the CsBr linewidth of the lowest {Lambda}{sub 4}{sup -} polariton (A) decreases upon compression.

  3. Systems of Units Systems of units fall into three general categories (see Table 1. below)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in astrophysics and in particle dynamics. It is less convenient on earth, where we keep having to calculate static in English units. In industrial metric units, we still ...nd kgf /cm2 , sometimes UNITS Force Mass Accel. gc

  4. Meteorological database for the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apte, M.G.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to Indoor Air Meteorological Database for the United StatesUC-402 Meteorological Database for the United States M.G.Abstract A meteorological database has been developed to aid

  5. Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems: Aerobic Treatment Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesikar, Bruce J.

    2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Aerobic units treat wastewater using the same process, only scaled down, as municipal wastewater treatment systems. This publication explains how aerobic units work, what their design requirements are, and how to maintain them....

  6. Efficiency United (Gas)- Commercial Efficiency Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Efficiency United Program, administered by CLEAResult Consulting, provides commercial gas incentives for the following Michigan utilities:

  7. FISHERY STATISTICS F THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS F THE UNITED STATES ^ 1954 ,M^,. 'M' . ' J*"'',-,'i''' ' STATISTICAL DIGEST NO DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, Fred A. Seaton, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE PANIELM. COHEN Statistical Digest 39 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1954 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER UNITED STATES

  8. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1963 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 57 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT of Commercial Fisheries, Donald L. McKernan, Director STATISTICAL DIGEST 57 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITEDTernment Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price $2.25 (paper c #12;Fishery statistics of the United States

  9. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1962 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 56 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT Fisheries, Donald L. McKernan, Director STATISTICAL DIGEST 56 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1962.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price $2.25 (paper cover) #12;Fishery statistics

  10. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES I 1952 .^^ STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 34 Fish and Wildlife McKay, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, John L. Farley, Director -iJ^EUW^ .COHEN Statistical Digest 34 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1952 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER UNITED STATES

  11. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1966 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 60 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Bureau of Commercial Fisheries STATISTICAL DIGEST 60 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1966 BY Charles H. Lyles PUBLISHED BY BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES

  12. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1959 ^mmi STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 51 UNITED STATES DEPARTMl of Commercial Fisheries, Donald L. McKernan, Director jPANlELM COHEN FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE STATISTICAL DIGEST 51 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1959 BY E. A. POWER PUBLISHED BY BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL

  13. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1946 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO, 19 Fish and Wildlike Sekvice L. Chapman, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Albert M. Day, Director Statistical Digest 19 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1946 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT

  14. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1944 STATISTICAL DIGEST ISO. 16 Fish and Wildlife Sekvh Albert M. Day, Director Statistical Digest No. 16 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1944 BY A. W Statistics of the United States and Alaska are coiip i I ed and published annually to make available

  15. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES SH 11 A443X FISH 1948 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 22 Fish OF THE INTERIOR, Oscar L. Chapman, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, Albert M. Day, Director Statistical Digest 22 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1948 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER UNITED STATES

  16. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES I 1947 cf^^v'^ml STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 21 Fish Oscar L. Chapman, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Albert M. Day, Director Statistical Digest 21 PI^j^IELW' , COHEN FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1947 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER UNITED STATES

  17. United States Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Programs to Manage High-Level Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel in the United States and Other-Level Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel in the United States and Other Countries A Report to CongressUnited States Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board Experience Gained From Programs to Manage High

  18. Municipal Solid Waste in The United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barlaz, Morton A.

    2011 Facts and Figures Municipal Solid Waste in The United States #12;United States Environmental Protection Agency Office of Solid Waste (5306P) EPA530-R-13-001 May 2013 www.epa.gov #12;MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE IN THE UNITED STATES: 2011 FACTS AND FIGURES Table of Contents Chapter Page MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE

  19. Clinical Trials Unit King's College London

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    Clinical Trials Unit King's College London Caroline Murphy, CTU Manager History of the Clinical's The Clinical Trials Unit has been awarded full registration by the UK Clinical Research Collaboration (UKCRC) and is the only fully UKCRC registered Clinical Trials Unit across King's Health Partners (KHP) UKCRC Registration

  20. Compact monolithic capacitive discharge unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Roesler, Alexander W. (Tijeras, NM); Vernon, George E. (Rio Rancho, NM); Hoke, Darren A. (Albuquerque, NM); De Marquis, Virginia K. (Tijeras, NM); Harris, Steven M. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A compact monolithic capacitive discharge unit (CDU) is disclosed in which a thyristor switch and a flyback charging circuit are both sandwiched about a ceramic energy storage capacitor. The result is a compact rugged assembly which provides a low-inductance current discharge path. The flyback charging circuit preferably includes a low-temperature co-fired ceramic transformer. The CDU can further include one or more ceramic substrates for enclosing the thyristor switch and for holding various passive components used in the flyback charging circuit. A load such as a detonator can also be attached directly to the CDU.

  1. United States Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems Analysis Success|Sustainable EnergyMotorUncle Sam TurnsUnited Cool5,

  2. United States Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and BatteryUS-EU-JapanCatalysts2-EEnergy4, InUnited States

  3. Ab initio reaction path energetics for the CX dissociations of C{sub 6}H{sub 5}X{sup +} with X = H, F, Cl, and Br.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klippenstein, S. J.; Chemistry

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The energetics of the CX dissociations of C{sub 6}H{sub 6}{sup +}, C{sub 6}H{sub 5}F{sup +}, C{sub 6}H{sub 5}Cl{sup +}, C{sub 6}H{sub 5}Br{sup +}, and C{sub 10}H{sub 8}{sup +} are investigated with various ab initio quantum chemical simulators. The primary focus is the determination of the energetics as a function of the CX bond length at the MP2 level for the C{sub 6}H{sub 5}X{sup +}dissociation paths leading to the lowest energy products [C{sub 6}H{sub 5}({sup 1}A{sub 1}) + X]. The bending force constants along this path are determined at either the HF or MP2 level. The absolute energetics of the various reactants and products are also studied at the MP2 and B3LYP levels including the dissociation of C{sub 10}H{sub 8}{sup +}. A combination of CCSD(T)/6-31G* and MP2/6-311G(2df,2p) calculations are employed in the determination of higher level estimates for the key reactants and products in the dissociation of the benzene cation. The key dissociation paths for this dissociation are also studied at a higher level (CASPT2). For the halogen-producing dissociations the energetics are investigated for each of the three separate orientations of the radical p-orbital in the halogen atom. The various results obtained illustrate the increasing strength of the long-range interactions for the progression from H to F to Cl to Br. Correspondingly, one expects the transition state to be more and more phase space theory like for this same progression. For the C---Br dissociation it seems very unlikely that short-range interactions will play any role in determining the reactive flux. In contrast, short-range repulsions are again expected to play an important role for the C---H dissociations in both C{sub 6}H{sub 6}{sup +}and C{sub 10}H{sub 8}{sup +}. The present results also indicate the dominant importance of the singlet phenyl cation channel to the dissociation dynamics.

  4. Infrared phonon modes in multiferroic single-crystal FeTe2O5Br

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, K. H.; Xu, X. S.; Berger, H.; Craciun, V.; Xi, Xiaoxiang; Martin, C.; Carr, G. L.; Tanner, D. B.

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reflection and transmission as a function of temperature (7300 K and 5300 K respectively) have been measured on single crystals of the multiferroic compound FeTe2O5Br utilizing light spanning from the far infrared to the visible. The complex dielectric function and other optical properties were obtained via Kramers-Kronig analysis and by fits to a Drude-Lortentz model. Analysis of the anisotropic excitation spectra via Drude-Lorentz fitting and lattice dynamical calculations have led to the observation of 43 of the 53 modes predicted along the b axis of the monoclinic cell. The phonon response parallel to the a and c axes are also presented. Assignments to groups (clusters) of phonons have been made and trends within them are discussed in light of our calculated displacement patterns.

  5. Neutron scattering evidence for isolated spin-1/2 ladders in (C5D12N)2CuBr4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Savici, Andrei T [ORNL; Granroth, Garrett E [ORNL; Broholm, Collin L [ORNL; Pajerowski, Daniel M. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Brown, Craig [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Talham, Daniel R. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Meisel, Mark W. [University of Florida, Gainesville; Schmidt, K. P. [Technische Universit Dortmund, Germany; Uhrig, G. S. [Technische Universit Dortmund, Germany; Nagler, Stephen E [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inelastic neutron scattering was used to determine the spin Hamiltonian for the singlet ground state system (C5D12N)2CuBr4 (BPCB). A 2-leg spin 1/2 ladder model, with J? = 1:084 0:005 meV and Jk = 0:321 0:008 meV, accurately describes the data. The experimental limit on the inter-ladder exchange constant is jJ0j 0.005 meV, and the limit on diagonal, intra-ladder exchange is jJF j 0.1 meV. The experimental ratios of intra-ladder bond energies are consistent with the predictions of continuous unitary transformations calculations.

  6. Energy resolution of gamma-ray spectroscopy of JET plasmas with a LaBr{sub 3} scintillator detector and digital data acquisition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nocente, M.; Tardocchi, M.; Grosso, G.; Perelli Cippo, E.; Pietropaolo, A.; Proverbio, I.; Gorini, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca and Istituto di Fisica del Plasma, Associazione EURATOM-ENEA-CNR, 20125 Milano (Italy); Chugunov, I.; Gin, D.; Shevelev, A. [A. F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg 194021 (Russian Federation); Pereira, R. C.; Fernandes, A. M.; Neto, A.; Sousa, J. [Associacao EURATOM/IST Centro de Fusao Nuclear, Instituto Superior Tecnico, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Edlington, T.; Kiptily, V.; Syme, B. [Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, Culham OX143DB (United Kingdom); Murari, A. [Consorzio RFX, 35127 Padova (Italy); Collaboration: JET-EFDA Contributors

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A new high efficiency, high resolution, fast {gamma}-ray spectrometer was recently installed at the JET tokamak. The spectrometer is based on a LaBr{sub 3}(Ce) scintillator coupled to a photomultiplier tube. A digital data acquisition system is used to allow spectrometry with event rates in excess of 1 MHz expected in future JET DT plasmas. However, at the lower rates typical of present day experiments, digitization can degrade the energy resolution of the system, depending on the algorithms used for extracting pulse height information from the digitized pulses. In this paper, the digital and analog spectrometry methods were compared for different experimental conditions. An algorithm based on pulse shape fitting was developed, providing energy resolution equivalent to the traditional analog spectrometry method.

  7. Compared Raman study of the phase transitions in K2ZnCl4 and Rb2ZnCl4, Rb2ZnBr4, K2SeO4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    787 Compared Raman study of the phase transitions in K2ZnCl4 and Rb2ZnCl4, Rb2ZnBr4, K2SeO4 M to the incommensurate phase is discussed for the four compounds K2SeO4, K2ZnCl4, Rb2ZnCl4 and Rb2ZnBr4 on the basis measurements on K2ZnC'4 known to exhibit successive phase transitions similar to those of K2SeO4

  8. Laboratory Air Handling Unit System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Y.; Liu, M.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    balance and moisture balance are given below for the entire building. iQ G26 + hQ G26 + hgQ G26 = rQ G26 + CQ G26 + eQ G26 + ehQ G26 + envQ G26 (1) Where Ge5 = = 2 1 , j jQQ G26 Ge5 = = 2 1 , j jQQ G26 Ge5 = = 2 1 , j jQQ G26 Ge5 = = 2 1 , j... jQQ G26 Ge5 = = 2 1 , j jQQ G26 Figure 1. Schematic diagram of air handling unit system for base system ehMMMM G26G26G26G26 ++= (2) Where Ge5 = = 2 1 , j jMM G26 Ge5 = = 2 1 , j jMM G26 ehWWWWWW G26G26G26G26...

  9. Mobile inspection and repackaging unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whitney, G.A.; Roberts, R.J. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States). Solid Waste Disposal Div.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Storage of large volumes of radioactive mixed waste (RMW) generated over the past 20 years at the Hanford Site has resulted in various waste management challenges. Presently, disposal capacity for RMW does not exist. Containers holding RMW will be stored until processing facilities can be completed to provide treatment and final disposal. Because of the complexity of these wastes, special projects have been initiated to properly manage them. This paper addresses one such project. The goal of this project is to develop a mobile inspection and repackaging unit (IRU) for solid RMW. The paper describes the structural design, equipment, ventilation system, instruments and electrical systems, video monitors and recorders, materials handling, and waste processing of containers.

  10. Hanford Site Waste Management Units Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Hanford Site Waste Management Units Report (HSWMUR) was originated to provide information responsive to Section 3004(u) of the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) of the 1984 United States Code (USC). The report provides a comprehensive inventory of all types of waste management units at the Hanford Site and consists of waste disposal units, including (1) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) disposal units, (2) Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) disposal units, (3) unplanned releases, (4) inactive contaminated structure, (5) RCRA treatment and storage units, and (6) other storage areas. Because of the comprehensive nature of this report, the listing of sites is more extensive than required by Section 3004(u) of HSWA. In support of the Hanford RCRA permit, a field was added to designate whether the waste management unit is a solid waste management unit (SWMU). As SWMUs are identified, they will added to the Hanford Waste Information Data System (WIDS), which is the database supporting this report, and added to the report at its next annual update. A quality review of the WIDS was conducted this past year. The review included checking all data against their reference and making appropriate changes, updating the data elements using the most recent references, marking duplicate units for deletion, and addition additional information. 6 refs.

  11. Hanford Site Waste Management Units Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Hanford Site Waste Management Units Report (HSWMUR) was originated to provide information responsive to Section 3004(u) of the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) of the 1984 United States Code (USC). The report provides a comprehensive inventory of all types of waste management units at the Hanford Site and consists of waste disposal units, including (1) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) disposal units, (2) Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) disposal units, (3) unplanned releases, (4) inactive contaminated structures, (5) RCRA treatment and storage units, and (6) other storage areas. Because of the comprehensive nature of this report, the listing of sites is more extensive than required by Section 3004(u) of HSWA. In support of the Hanford RCRA permit, a field was added to designate whether the waste management unit is a solid waste management unit (SWMU). As SWMUs are identified, they will added to the Hanford Waste Information Data System (WIDS), which is the database supporting this report, and added to the report at its next annual update. A quality review of the WIDS was conducted this past year. The review included checking all data against their reference and making appropriate changes, updating the data elements using the most recent references, marking duplicate units for deletion, and adding additional information. 6 refs.

  12. Erratum to Measurement of $?(p \\bar p \\to Z) \\cdot Br(Z \\to ??)$ at $\\bm{\\sqrt{s}=}$1.96 TeV, published in Phys. Rev. D {71}, 072004 (2005)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. M. Abazov; for the D0 Collaboration

    2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A change in estimated integrated luminosity (from 226 pb$^{-1} to 257 pb$^{-1}$ leads to a corrected value for ${\\sigma (p \\bar p \\to Z) \\cdot}$Br${(Z \\to \\tau \\tau)}$ of $209\\pm13(stat.)\\pm16(syst.)\\pm13(lum) pb.

  13. Julian, B.R. and G.R. Foulger, Monitoring Geothermal Processes with Microearthquake Mechanisms, Thirty-Fourth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 9-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    Julian, B.R. and G.R. Foulger, Monitoring Geothermal Processes with Microearthquake Mechanisms, Thirty- Fourth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 9- 11, 2009. Monitoring Geothermal Processes with Microearthquake Mechanisms Bruce R. Julian, U. S

  14. Portable brine evaporator unit, process, and system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hart, Paul John (Indiana, PA); Miller, Bruce G. (State College, PA); Wincek, Ronald T. (State College, PA); Decker, Glenn E. (Bellefonte, PA); Johnson, David K. (Port Matilda, PA)

    2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention discloses a comprehensive, efficient, and cost effective portable evaporator unit, method, and system for the treatment of brine. The evaporator unit, method, and system require a pretreatment process that removes heavy metals, crude oil, and other contaminates in preparation for the evaporator unit. The pretreatment and the evaporator unit, method, and system process metals and brine at the site where they are generated (the well site). Thus, saving significant money to producers who can avoid present and future increases in transportation costs.

  15. Optimization Online - Toward Scalable Stochastic Unit Commitment ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yonghan Feng

    2014-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    May 16, 2014 ... ... in stochastic unit commitment, with application to real data associated with the Independent System Operator for New England (ISO-NE).

  16. United Power- Business Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    United Power, in conjunction with wholesale power supplier Tri-State Generation and Transmission (TSGT), offers rebates for the installation of a variety of commercial energy efficient equipment...

  17. United States National Energy Technology Laboratory's (NETL)...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    National Energy Technology Laboratory's (NETL) Smart Grid Implementation Strategy Reference Library Website Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: United States...

  18. United States Geological Survey Geospatial Information Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    1 United States Geological Survey Geospatial Information Response Standard Operating Procedures May 20, 2013 Executive Summary The Geospatial, reporting requirements, and business processes for acquiring and providing geospatial

  19. United States Atomic Energy Commission formed

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    weapons problem, the United States worked to establish its own formal organization. The transition from military civilian control of nuclear energy was defined in the Atomic...

  20. United States Government National Nuclear Security Administration...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    United States Government National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Savannah River Field Office (SRFO) Memorandum DATE: January 10, 2014 REPLY TO ATTN OF: sv (McAlhany,...

  1. Optimization Online - Toward Scalable Stochastic Unit Commitment ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwok Cheung

    2014-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    May 16, 2014 ... Using a variant of the WECC-240 test case with 85 thermalgeneration units, we demonstrate the ability of our approach to solve realistic,...

  2. Problems of intraplate extensional tectonics, Western United...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    on the Great Basin Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Proceedings: Problems of intraplate extensional tectonics, Western United...

  3. Sandia National Laboratories: advanced auxiliary power units...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    auxiliary power units (including biofuels) Sandia Participated in the 3rd Annual Technology Forum of the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center - Clean Vehicles Consortium...

  4. Efficiency United (Gas)- Residential Efficiency Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Efficiency United program is intended to provide assistance and incentives to customers who employ energy efficient measures. Programs offer rebates on natural gas water heaters, clothes...

  5. United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNECE United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Economic Commission for Europe of the United (trade by species). Although in theory these two should correspond, in a number of cases the figure

  6. Pressure vessel sliding support unit and system using the sliding support unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Breach, Michael R.; Keck, David J.; Deaver, Gerald A.

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Provided is a sliding support and a system using the sliding support unit. The sliding support unit may include a fulcrum capture configured to attach to a support flange, a fulcrum support configured to attach to the fulcrum capture, and a baseplate block configured to support the fulcrum support. The system using the sliding support unit may include a pressure vessel, a pedestal bracket, and a plurality of sliding support units.

  7. FISHERY STATISTICS QF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I FISHERY STATISTICS QF THE UNITED STATES 1942 By A. W, ANDERSON and E. A. POWER STATISTICAL DIGEST Statistical Digest No. 11 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1942 BY A. W. ANDERSON and E. A. POWER. S. Government Printing Offic Washington 25, D. C. - Price 60 cents #12;Fishery Statistics

  8. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1964 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 58 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, Donald L. McKernan, Director STATISTICAL DIGEST 58 FISHERY STATISTICS.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price S2.50 (paper cover) #12;Fishery statistics

  9. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pa%Mv--. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1965 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 59 UNITED STATES, Commissioner Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, H. E. Crowther, Director STATISTICAL DIGEST 59 FISHERY STATISTICS.S. Government Printing Office Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $4 (Paper Cover) #12;Fishery statistics

  10. FISHERY STATISTICS )F THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SH 11 .A443X FISH FISHERY STATISTICS )F THE UNITED STATES ^M=^. STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 36 #12. Farley, Director i]EL M. COHEN Statistical Digest 36 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1953 BY A. W;Fishery Statistics of the I'nited States and Alaska are compiled and published an- nually to make

  11. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1950 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 27 Fish and Wildlife ServiceKay, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, John L. Farley, Director Statistical Digest 27 FISHERY STATISTICS 25, DC. - - Price $2.00 (paper) #12;Fishery Statistics of the United States and A] aska are corapi

  12. FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SH 11 A443X FISH FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1943 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 14 Sll \\M AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Albert M. Day, Director CAMEL M. COHEN Statistical Digest No. 14 FISHERY STATISTICS. - Price 75 cents #12;Fishery Statistics of the United States and Alaska are compiled and published

  13. Add MTBE unit ahead of alkylation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masters, K.R.; Prohaska, E.A.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Approximately three years ago, the people at Diamond Shamrock's Sunray, Texas, refinery recognized a growing demand for high octane super premium unleaded gasoline in their regional marketing area. It was apparent that they would need to change their processing scheme to meet this growing demand. After investigating several options, they decided to install an MTBE (methyl tert-butyl ether) unit upstream of their existing sulfuric acid (H/sub 2/SO/sub 4/) aklylation unit. The new unit would process olefin feed before it entered the alkylation unit. The MTBE unit was expected to improve Diamond Shamrock's gasoline pool in two ways. First, the MTBE would be an additional high octane blending stock for the gasoline pool. Second, the MTBE unit would improve the quality of the olefin stream going to the alkylation unit. Diamond Shamrock brought their MTBE unit onstream in December, 1985. The results of the combined operation exceeded expectations, producing alkylate in excess of 98 RON (Research octane number) and MTBE of 118 RON. These components significantly upgraded the refinery's capability to produce a super premium unleaded gasoline.

  14. UNITED STATES NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JEC187V3 UNITED STATES NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD 2300 Clarendon Boulevard, Suite 1300 of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Dear Secretary O'Leary: At the Nuclear Waste UNITED STATES NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD 2300 Clarendon Boulevard, Suite 1300 Arlington, VA

  15. Topaz-II reactor control unit development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wyant, F.J.; Jensen, D.; Logothetis, J.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The development for a new digital reactor control unit for the Topaz-II reactor is described. The unit is expected to provide the means for automated control during a possible Topaz flight experiment. The breadboard design and development is discussed.

  16. Municipal Solid Waste in The United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    2007 Facts and Figures Municipal Solid Waste in The United States #12;United States Environmental Protection Agency Office of Solid Waste (5306P) EPA530-R-08-010 November 2008 www.epa.gov #12;MUNICIPAL SOLID ............................................................................................................................... 1 WHAT IS INCLUDED IN MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE

  17. Clinical Research Unit Translating research from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    Clinical Research Unit Translating research from bench to bedside www.niehs.nih.gov/clinicalunit #12;National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Clinical Research Program The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Clinical Research Program and the Clinical Research Unit

  18. Total Petroleum Systems and Assessment Units (AU)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) and Assessment Units (AU) Field type Surface water Groundwater X X X X X X X X AU 00000003 Oil/ Gas X X X X X X X X Total X X X X X X X Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) and Assessment Units (AU) Field type Total undiscovered petroleum (MMBO or BCFG) Water per oil

  19. A report to United Services Automobile Association

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A report to United Services Automobile Association (USAA) Submitted by Katie N. Womack Center Driving In Texas Prepared for: United Services Automobile Association (USAA) By: Katie N. Womack Center Services Automobile Association (USAA). The report documents the findings of five tasks undertaken under

  20. Micose fungide em crianas e adolescentes: Relato de seis casos com predomnio da forma hipocromiante e reviso da literatura

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fluminense (UFF), Niteri/RJ, Brasil, Linha de pesquisa:de Patologia da UFF, Brasil 3. Patologista responsvel pelode Patologia do HUAP/UFF, Brasil 4. Mdica residente de

  1. Energy levels, radiative rates and electron impact excitation rates for transitions in He-like Ga XXX, Ge XXXI, As XXXII, Se XXXIII and Br XXXIV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aggarwal, Kanti M

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report calculations of energy levels, radiative rates and electron impact excitation cross sections and rates for transitions in He-like Ga XXX, Ge XXXI, As XXXII, Se XXXIII and Br XXXIV. The {\\sc grasp} (general-purpose relativistic atomic structure package) is adopted for calculating energy levels and radiative rates. For determining the collision strengths, and subsequently the excitation rates, the Dirac Atomic R-matrix Code ({\\sc darc}) is used. Oscillator strengths, radiative rates and line strengths are reported for all E1, E2, M1 and M2 transitions among the lowest 49 levels of each ion. Additionally, theoretical lifetimes are provided for all 49 levels of the above five ions. Collision strengths are averaged over a Maxwellian velocity distribution and the effective collision strengths obtained listed over a wide temperature range up to 10$^{8}$ K. Comparisons are made with similar data obtained using the Flexible Atomic Code ({\\sc fac}) to highlight the importance of resonances, included in calcul...

  2. Intrinsic vs. extrinsic inelastic scattering contributions in kappa-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br - transport measurements under hydrostatic pressure.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strack, C.; Akinci, C.; Paschenko, V.; Wolf, B.; Uhrig, E.; Assmus, W.; Schreuer, J.; Wiehl, L.; Schlueter, J.; Wosnitza, J.; Schweitzer, D.; Lang , M.; Materials Science Division; J.W. Goethe-Universitat Frankfurt; Inst.fur Festkorperphysik; Univ. Stuttgart

    2006-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Interlayer-resistivity measurements have been performed on a variety of single crystals of the quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br. These crystals, which have been synthesized along two somewhat different routes, reveal strongly sample-dependent resistivity profiles: while the majority of samples shows a more or less pronounced {rho}(T) maximum around 90 K with a semiconducting behavior above, some crystals remain metallic at all temperatures T {le} 300 K. In the absence of significant differences in the crystals' structural parameters and chemical compositions, as proved by high-resolution X-ray and electron-probe-microanalysis, these results indicate that real structure phenomena, i.e. disorder and/or defects, may strongly affect the inelastic scattering. Comparative resistivity measurements under He-gas pressure on two crystals with strongly differing {rho}(T) profiles indicate that these additional, sample-dependent scattering contributions are characterized by an extraordinarily strong pressure response which is highly non-monotonous as a function of temperature. No correlations have been found between the strength of these scattering contributions and other characteristic properties such as the glass transition at T{sub g} = 77 K, the temperature T* {approx} 40 K, where the temperature dependence of the resistivity changes rather abruptly, or the superconducting transition temperature T{sub c}.

  3. Printed in the United States of America. Available from National Technical Information Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Temperature Data 19 3 Number of References for Corrosion and Heat of Mixing Data 20 4 Number of References of Methanol + Lithium Bromide Vapor Pressure Data 68 11 Comparison of Methanol + LiBr: ZnBr2 (2:1) Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data 76 16 Gaps in Crystallization Temperature Data 77 17 Gaps in Corrosion Data 78 18 Gaps

  4. Estimated United States Transportation Energy Use 2005

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, C A; Simon, A J; Belles, R D

    2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A flow chart depicting energy flow in the transportation sector of the United States economy in 2005 has been constructed from publicly available data and estimates of national energy use patterns. Approximately 31,000 trillion British Thermal Units (trBTUs) of energy were used throughout the United States in transportation activities. Vehicles used in these activities include automobiles, motorcycles, trucks, buses, airplanes, rail, and ships. The transportation sector is powered primarily by petroleum-derived fuels (gasoline, diesel and jet fuel). Biomass-derived fuels, electricity and natural gas-derived fuels are also used. The flow patterns represent a comprehensive systems view of energy used within the transportation sector.

  5. New hardware, software boost unit performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hardware and software developed by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) over the last several years can help utilities monitor the performance of fossil-fired powerplants, diagnose and correct operating problems, and detect equipment degradation at an early stage. These products, 19 in all, have been combined at Potomac Electric Power Co's (Pepco) Morgantown Unit 2 to form an integrated performance monitoring system that has already reduced heat rate by 100 Btu/kWh on a unit that historically has been one of the better-performing plants in the nation. Maintenance planning and unit capacity have improved as well. Additional benefits also are likely, according to EPRI.

  6. Renewable Electricity Generation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmalensee, Richard

    This paper provides an overview of the use of renewable energy sources to generate electricity in the United States and a critical analysis of the federal and state policies that have supported the deployment of renewable ...

  7. Housing Policy in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to cite this article Quigley, John M. "housing policy in theHE N EW P ALGRAVE ) By John M. Quigley May 2008 These papersin the United States John M. Quigley From The New Palgrave

  8. Methods for Allocating Urban Emergency Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaiken, Jan M.

    An urban emergency service system provides mobile units (vehicles) to respond to requests for service which can occur at any time and any place throughout a city. This paper surveys recent quantitative work aimed at improving ...

  9. United States Patent [19] Church et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, George M.

    United States Patent [19] Church et al. [54] CHARACTERIZATION OF INDIVIDUAL POLYMER MOLECULES BASED 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 US005795782A [11] Patent Number: [45] Date of Patent: 5,795,782 Aug. 18, 1998 Boulanger et al

  10. United Nations Atomic Energy Commission stalls out

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    commission would be short-lived and would not result in the desired control of atomic energy. In the wake of the disappointing results of the Moscow meeting, the United States...

  11. Collaborative Unit Construction in Korean: Pivot Turns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ju, Hee

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A. (1996). Practices in the construction of turns: the TCUScheutz, H. (2005). Pivot constructions in spoken German. InM. (2000). The construction of units in conversational talk.

  12. " Million U.S. Housing Units,...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" "Structural and Geographic Characteristics",,"Less than 20,000","20,000 to...

  13. Job Safety Analysis College/Department/Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Job Safety Analysis (JSA) College/Department/Unit: Title of Job Activity: Oven Location of Activity and understanding the Job Safety Analysis: Date Name (Print) Signature #12;JSA # Page 3 Basic Job Steps Possible

  14. OFFICE OF RESOURCE PLANNING OPERATING BUDGET UNIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leng, Chenlei

    OFFICE OF RESOURCE PLANNING Manager Sarah Teo OPERATING BUDGET UNIT Deputy Director (Operating, Strategic Initiatives & Consolidated Budgets) Tay Sok Kian Senior Director Ajith Prasad Senior Associate Initiatives & Research Budgets: (Planning & Budget Management) Revenue Policies & Planning: (Grants

  15. Industrial motor repair in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schueler, V.; Leistner, P.; Douglass, J.

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report characterizes the motor repair industry in the United States; summarizes current motor repair and testing practice; and identifies barriers to energy motor repair practice and recommends strategies for overcoming those barriers.

  16. Crystal structure and magnetic properties of two new cobalt selenite halides: Co{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4} X {sub 2} (X=Cl, Br)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Becker, Richard [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)], E-mail: richard@inorg.su.se; Prester, Mladen [Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 304, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Berger, Helmuth [Institut de Physique de la Matiere Complexe, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Hui Lin, Ping [Institut de Physique de la Matiere Complexe, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan, ROC (China); Johnsson, Mats [Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Drobac, Djuro [Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 304, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Zivkovic, Ivica [Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 304, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)

    2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Two new isostructural cobalt selenite halides Co{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Cl{sub 2} and Co{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Br{sub 2} have been synthesized. They crystallize in the triclinic system space group P-1 with the following lattice parameters for Co{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Cl{sub 2}: a=6.4935(8) A, b=7.7288(8) A, c=7.7443(10) A, {alpha}=66.051(11){sup o}, {beta}=73.610(11){sup o}, {gamma}=81.268(9){sup o}, and Z=1. The crystal structures were solved from single-crystal X-ray data, R1=3.73 and 4.03 for Co{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Cl{sub 2} and Co{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Br{sub 2}, respectively. The new compounds are isostructural to Ni{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Br{sub 2}. Magnetic susceptibility measurements on oriented single-crystalline samples show anisotropic response in a broad temperature range. The anisotropic susceptibility is quantitatively interpreted within the zero-field splitting schemes for Co{sup 2+} and Ni{sup 2+} ions. Sharp low-temperature susceptibility features, at T {sub N}=18 and 20 K for Co{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Cl{sub 2} and Co{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Br{sub 2}, respectively, are ascribed to antiferromagnetic ordering in a minority magnetic subsystem. In isostructural Ni{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Br{sub 2} magnetically ordered subsystem represents a majority fraction (T {sub N}=46 K). Nevertheless, anisotropic susceptibility of Ni{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Br{sub 2} is dominated at low temperatures by a minority fraction, subject to single-ion anisotropy effects and increasing population of S{sub z} =0 (singlet) ground state of octahedrally coordinated Ni{sup 2+}. - Graphical abstract: Two new iso-structural cobalt selenite halides Co{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Cl{sub 2} and Co{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Br{sub 2} have been synthesized which are iso-structural to Ni{sub 5}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 4}Br{sub 2}. Magnetic susceptibility measurements on oriented single-crystalline samples show anisotropic response in a broad temperature range, revealing significant single-ion anisotropy effects.

  17. Improvement of {gamma}-ray energy resolution of LaBr{sub 3}:Ce{sup 3+} scintillation detectors by Sr{sup 2+} and Ca{sup 2+} co-doping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alekhin, M. S.; Haas, J. T. M. de; Khodyuk, I. V.; Dorenbos, P. [Department of Radiation Science and Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Science and Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft (Netherlands); Kraemer, K. W. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Bern, Freiestrasse 3, 3012 Bern (Switzerland)] [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Bern, Freiestrasse 3, 3012 Bern (Switzerland); Menge, P. R. [Saint-Gobain Crystals, 17900 Great Lakes Parkway, Hiram, Ohio 44234 (United States)] [Saint-Gobain Crystals, 17900 Great Lakes Parkway, Hiram, Ohio 44234 (United States); Ouspenski, V. [Saint Gobain Recherche, 39, Quai Lucien Lefranc, 93303 Aubervilliers (France)] [Saint Gobain Recherche, 39, Quai Lucien Lefranc, 93303 Aubervilliers (France)

    2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercially available LaBr{sub 3}:5% Ce{sup 3+} scintillators show with photomultiplier tube readout about 2.7% energy resolution for the detection of 662 keV {gamma}-rays. Here we will show that by co-doping LaBr{sub 3}:Ce{sup 3+} with Sr{sup 2+} or Ca{sup 2+} the resolution is improved to 2.0%. Such an improvement is attributed to a strong reduction of the scintillation light losses that are due to radiationless recombination of free electrons and holes during the earliest stages (1-10 ps) inside the high free charge carrier density parts of the ionization track.

  18. High field magnetotransport and point contact Andreev reflection measurements on CuCr{sub 2}Se{sub 4} and CuCr{sub 2}Se{sub 3}BrDegenerate magnetic semiconductor single crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borisov, K., E-mail: borisovk@tcd.ie; Coey, J. M. D.; Stamenov, P. [School of Physics and CRANN, Trinity College, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Alaria, J. [Department of Physics, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZE (United Kingdom)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Single crystals of the metallically degenerate fully magnetic semiconductors CuCr{sub 2}Se{sub 4} and CuCr{sub 2}Se{sub 3}Br have been prepared by the Chemical Vapour Transport method, using either Se or Br as transport agents. The high-quality, millimetre-sized, octahedrally faceted, needle- and platelet-shaped crystals are characterised by means of high field magnetotransport (?{sub 0}H? 14?T) and Point Contact Andreev Reflection. The relatively high spin polarisation observed |P|>0.56, together with the relatively low minority carrier effective mass of 0.25 m{sub e}, and long scattering time 10{sup ?13}?s, could poise these materials for integration in low- and close-to-room temperature minority injection bipolar heterojunction transistor demonstrations.

  19. Indoor unit for electric heat pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Draper, R.; Lackey, R.S.; Fagan, T.J. Jr.; Veyo, S.E.; Humphrey, J.R.

    1984-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    An indoor unit for an electric heat pump is provided in modular form including a refrigeration module, an air mover module, and a resistance heat package module, the refrigeration module including all of the indoor refrigerant circuit components including the compressor in a space adjacent the heat exchanger, the modules being adapted to be connected to air flow communication in several different ways as shown to accommodate placement of the unit in various orientations. 9 figs.

  20. Photoproduct Channels from BrCD2CD2OH at 193 nm and the HDO + Vinyl Products from the CD2CD2OH Radical Intermediate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Laurie J.

    for the undeuterated system. However, because the vibrational energy distribution of the deuterated radicals is lower, Illinois 60637, United States National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan, Republic of China *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: We present the results of our product branching

  1. United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (INERI) Annual Steering Committee Meeting United States-Republic of Korea (ROK) International...

  2. Control and Diagnostics for Rooftop Units - 2014 BTO Peer Review...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Control and Diagnostics for Rooftop Units - 2014 BTO Peer Review Control and Diagnostics for Rooftop Units - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Jim Braun, Purdue University (The...

  3. UNIVERSIT DEGLI STUDI DELLA TUSCIA Didactic and Research Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrmann, Samuel

    UNIVERSIT? DEGLI STUDI DELLA TUSCIA Division I Didactic and Research Unit Mobility STUDENTS DIDACTIC AND RESEARCH UNIT Office address: Mobility and International Cooperation Office Via S

  4. Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Joint Egypt/United States report...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Joint EgyptUnited States report on EgyptUnited States cooperative energy assessment. Volume 4 of 5 Vols. Annexes 6--10...

  5. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION United States Department of Energy Docket No. EF13-5-000 Western Area Power Administration Washoe Project, Stampede...

  6. Before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources United States...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Committee on Energy and Natural Resources United States Senate Before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources United States Senate Statement Before the Committee on Energy...

  7. Gregory H. Friedman: Before the United States Senate Committee...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Gregory H. Friedman: Before the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources Gregory H. Friedman: Before the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural...

  8. How Storage Resource Units (SRUs) are Calculated at NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Formula Coefficients Storage Resource Unit (SRU) Formula Coefficients The coefficients in the Storage Resource Unit (SRU) formula were arrived at from the following considerations:...

  9. Overview and Progress of United States Advanced Battery Research...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of United States Advanced Battery Consortium (USABC) Activity United States Advanced Battery Consortium High-Power Electrochemical Storage Devices and Plug-in Hybrid Electric...

  10. Transportation Refrigeration Unit (TRU) Retrofit with HUSS Active...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Transportation Refrigeration Unit (TRU) Retrofit with HUSS Active Diesel Particulate Filters Transportation Refrigeration Unit (TRU) Retrofit with HUSS Active Diesel Particulate...

  11. announced united states: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the Royal Academy of Engineering, the United Kingdom's National Academy 6 FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: FISHERY...

  12. United States, Australia, and Iceland to Promote Geothermal Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    United States, Australia, and Iceland to Promote Geothermal Energy United States, Australia, and Iceland to Promote Geothermal Energy August 28, 2008 - 12:43pm Addthis Photo of...

  13. Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council Webinar:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council Webinar: Proposed Approach for Energy Efficiency Standards Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council Webinar: Proposed...

  14. Shared Space vs. In-Unit Upgrades in Multifamily Buildings |...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Shared Space vs. In-Unit Upgrades in Multifamily Buildings Shared Space vs. In-Unit Upgrades in Multifamily Buildings Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Multifamily Peer...

  15. Microwave Regenerated DPF for Auxiliary Power Units and Diesel...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Microwave Regenerated DPF for Auxiliary Power Units and Diesel Hybrid Vehicles Microwave Regenerated DPF for Auxiliary Power Units and Diesel Hybrid Vehicles Microwave regeneration...

  16. Occurrence of Low-Temperature Geothermal Waters in the United...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Occurrence of Low-Temperature Geothermal Waters in the United States, in Assessment of Geothermal Resources of the United States -- 1978 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI...

  17. Final Report: Particulate Emissions Testing, Unit 1, Potomac...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    were completed while Unit 1 was operating at 90% of full load (84MW) or greater. Final Report: Particulate Emissions Testing, Unit 1, Potomac River Generating Station, Alexandria,...

  18. Assessment of Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States This report summarizes the offshore wind resource potential for the contiguous United States and Hawaii as of May 2009. The...

  19. Antenna unit and radio base station therewith

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuwahara, Mikio; Doi, Nobukazu; Suzuki, Toshiro; Ishida, Yuji; Inoue, Takashi; Niida, Sumaru

    2007-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Phase and amplitude deviations, which are generated, for example, by cables connecting an array antenna of a CDMA base station and the base station, are calibrated in the baseband. The base station comprises: an antenna apparatus 1; couplers 2; an RF unit 3 that converts a receive signal to a baseband signal, converts a transmit signal to a radio frequency, and performs power control; an A/D converter 4 for converting a receive signal to a digital signal; a receive beam form unit 6 that multiplies the receive signal by semi-fixed weight; a despreader 7 for this signal input; a time-space demodulator 8 for demodulating user data; a despreader 9 for probe signal; a space modulator 14 for user data; a spreader 13 for user signal; a channel combiner 12; a Tx calibrater 11 for controlling calibration of a signal; a D/A converter 10; a unit 16 for calculation of correlation matrix for generating a probe signal used for controlling an Rx calibration system and a TX calibration system; a spreader 17 for probe signal; a power control unit 18; a D/A converter 19; an RF unit 20 for probe signal; an A/D converter 21 for signal from the couplers 2; and a despreader 22.

  20. Stepwise redefinition of the SI base units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Issaev, L K; Khruschov, V V

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The four SI base units are proposed to be redefined in two stages: first, the kilogram, mole and ampere should be defined, and then the kelvin. To realize the redefinition of a base unit of the SI in terms of fundamental physical constant (FPC), a principle of coincidence of their physical dimensions is put forward. Direct applying this principle will lead to the changing of the sets of base and derived units in the new SI. If we want to preserve the continuity of the division between base and derived units in the new and the current SI, the principle is to be generalized with the time dimension factor be included. The status of the mole as the base unit of measurement is considered in the current and new SI. It is proposed to redefine the kilogram using a fixed value of the Avogadro constant and then to redefine the kelvin, after the measurement accuracy of the Boltzmann constant has been increased and agreed with the values of other constants of molecular physics.

  1. Babel of Units. The Evolution of Units Systems in Classical Electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carron, Neal

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We recount the history of development of units systems in electrodynamics, and fully derive how each system is constructed. Done for Electromagnetic (emu), Electrostatic (esu), Gaussian, a variant-Gaussian, Heaviside-Lorentz, and SI systems. The article fills in large gaps in standard textbook treatments of units.

  2. Hydrogen for X-group exchange in CH3X, X = Cl, Br, I, OMe and NMe2 by Monomeric [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2CeH: Experimental and Computational Support for a Carbenoid Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Werkema, Evan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrogen for X-group exchange in CH 3 X, X = Cl, Br, I, OMespectrum in which a single hydrogen atom is statisticallyprobability ellipsoids. The non-hydrogen atoms are refined

  3. Indoor unit for electric heat pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Draper, Robert (Churchill, PA); Lackey, Robert S. (Pittsburgh, PA); Fagan, Jr., Thomas J. (Penn HIlls, PA); Veyo, Stephen E. (Murrysville, PA); Humphrey, Joseph R. (Grand Rapids, MI)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An indoor unit for an electric heat pump is provided in modular form including a refrigeration module 10, an air mover module 12, and a resistance heat package module 14, the refrigeration module including all of the indoor refrigerant circuit components including the compressor 36 in a space adjacent the heat exchanger 28, the modules being adapted to be connected to air flow communication in several different ways as shown in FIGS. 4-7 to accommodate placement of the unit in various orientations.

  4. United Illuminating Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG Jump to:UnipersonalUnited GroupUnited

  5. United Kingdom: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG Jump to:UnipersonalUnitedUnited

  6. United States | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG JumpEuropeUnitedUnitedLSCHome

  7. United States: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG JumpEuropeUnitedUnitedLSCHomeform

  8. INDIAN STATISTICAL INSTITUTE SQC & OR Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    INDIAN STATISTICAL INSTITUTE SQC & OR Unit Bangalore Announces Certification Program for SIX SIGMA.isi@gmail.com, sanjitisi@yahoo.co.in 6th - 8th, 12th ­ 14th September; 2014 Bangalore #12;EXPECTATION! Six Sigma is like, Dean Witter, Discover & Co. (Report on Business Magazine, October 1997) Six Sigma initiative has

  9. INDIAN STATISTICAL INSTITUTE SQC & OR Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    INDIAN STATISTICAL INSTITUTE SQC & OR Unit Bangalore Announces Certification Program for SIX SIGMA.isi@gmail.com, sanjitisi@yahoo.co.in #12;EXPECTATION! Six Sigma is like that old Wella Balsam shampoo commercial: `She Magazine, October 1997) Six Sigma initiative has become a rage. Every organization wants to implement Six

  10. United Press International August 30, 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    United Press International August 30, 2005 Nano World: Nano pens can 'write' circuits By CHARLES Q microchips or medical and genetic devices, experts told UPI's Nano World. "We believe the technology this problem via silicon nitride fountain pens. Picture two hollow co nested one inside the other. If the outer

  11. Policy Research Unit in Economic Evaluation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Policy Research Unit in Economic Evaluation of Health and Care Interventions Responsiveprogrammeto of conducting economic evaluation The methodological approaches to this responsive strand of work can take. This project will develop fresh approaches to economic evaluations to advise on cost- effectiveness

  12. UNITED STATES NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    con144vf UNITED STATES NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD 2300 Clarendon Boulevard, Suite 1300 Dear Speaker Hastert, Senator Thurmond, and Secretary Richardson: The Nuclear Waste Technical Review with provisions of the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987, Public Law 100-203. The Act requires the Board

  13. UNITED STATES NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNITED STATES NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD 2300 Clarendon Boulevard, Suite 1300 Arlington are pleased to transmit a technical report prepared by the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board (Board. Based on its review of data gathered by the DOE and the Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses

  14. UNITED STATES NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNITED STATES NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD 2300 Clarendon Boulevard, Suite 1300 Arlington.C. 20585 Dear Speaker Hastert, Senator Stevens, and Secretary Bodman: The Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board was created by Congress in the Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act (NWPAA) of 1987 and charged

  15. UNITED STATES NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNITED STATES NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD 2300 Clarendon Boulevard, Suite 1300 Arlington Dear Speaker Pelosi, Senator Byrd, and Secretary Bodman: The Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board, and transporting high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel. The Board is required to report its findings

  16. Foreign Fishery Developments United States-Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foreign Fishery Developments United States-Spain Fisheries Trade, 1980-85 Introduction The U though Spain was forced to become a net importer of fishery products in 1977. due to the extension of 200-mile Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) by coastal coun tries. U.S. exports of edible seafoods to Spain

  17. Managing nuclear weapons in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, G.

    1993-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the management and security of nuclear weapons in the post-cold war United States. The definition of what constitutes security is clearly changing in the US. It is now a much more integrated view that includes defense and the economy. The author tries to bring some semblance of order to these themes in this brief adaptation of a presentation.

  18. Operating Instructions CASSEHE PUMP DRIVE UNIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinfeld, David

    4 · Operating Instructions CASSEHE® PUMP DRIVE UNIT Catalog No. 72-510-000 72-510-220 PUMPING The squeezing action of rollers on tubing causes the peristaltic pumping action. The flow is proportionate to the speied of the rollers and the inside diameter of the tubing, both of which can be varied. Pumping

  19. UNITED STATES NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the overall system for managing spent fuel and defense high-level waste. The Board includes its findingsjlc029va UNITED STATES NUCLEAR WASTE TECHNICAL REVIEW BOARD 2300 Clarendon Boulevard, Suite 1300, D.C. 20585 Dear Speaker Gingrich, Senator Thurmond, and Secretary Pea: The Nuclear Waste Technical

  20. Concrete Domains and Nominals United Carlos Areces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutz, Carsten

    Concrete Domains and Nominals United Carlos Areces University of Amsterdam The Netherlands carlos(D), the extension of ALC with concrete domains, is known to be PSpace-complete, in this article we show on the concrete domain D used). The proof is by a reduction of a NExpTime-complete variant of the domino problem

  1. (12) United States Patent Vertes et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    (12) United States Patent Vertes et al. (54) THREE-DIMENSIONAL MOLECULAR IMAGING BY INFRARED LASER) ( *) Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term ofthis patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.c. 154(b/282,287,288; 4361173 See application file for complete search history. (56) References Cited U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS 6

  2. (12) United States Patent Vertes et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    (12) United States Patent Vertes et al. (54) NANOPHOTONIC PRODUCTION, MODULATION AND SWITCHING to any disclaimer, the term ofthis patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.c. 154(b) by 194 days. (21) References Cited U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS 200910236512 Al * 912009 Naya et al. .................... 250/281 2009

  3. (12) United States Patent Vertes et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    (12) United States Patent Vertes et al. (54) LASERABLATION ELECTROSPRAY IONIZATION (LAESI) ( *) Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term ofthis patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 days. lbis patent is subject to a terminal dis- claimer. (21) Appl. No.: 131271,435 Oct. 12, 2011

  4. 111111 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 (12) United States Patent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    111111 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 (12) United States Patent disclaimer, the term ofthis patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.c. 154(b) by 456 days. This patent application file for complete search history. (56) References Cited U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS 5,965,884 A 1011999

  5. (12) United States Patent Vertes et a].

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    (12) United States Patent Vertes et a]. US008487246B2 US 8,487,246 B2 Jul. 16, 2013 (10) Patent N0.: (45) Date of Patent: (54) (75) (73) (21) (22) (65) (63) (60) (51) (52) (58) THREE, Washington, DC (US) Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term ofthis patent is extended or adjusted under

  6. (12) United States Patent Vertes et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    (12) United States Patent Vertes et al. (54) LASER DESORPTION IONIZATION AND PEPTIDE SEQUENCING to any disclaimer, the term ofthis patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.c. 154(b) by 1079 days application file for complete search history. References Cited U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS 6,288,390 Bl 912001

  7. (12) United States Patent Geohegan et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geohegan, David B.

    (12) United States Patent Geohegan et al. US008540542B2 US 8,540,542 B2 Sep. 24, 2013 (10) Patent N0.: (45) Date of Patent: (54) TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE NANO-COMPOSITES (75) Inventors: David Bruce Research Foundation, Knoxville, TN (US) Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term ofthis patent

  8. (12) United States Patent Vertes et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    (12) United States Patent Vertes et al. (54) PROTEIN MICROSCOPE (75) Inventors: Akos Vertes, Reston patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.c. 154(b) by 135 days. (21) Appl. No.: 111795,687 (22 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 16 US007735146B2 (10) Patent No.: (45) Date of Patent: US 7,735,146 B2 Jun. 8,2010 (56) References

  9. (12) United States Patent Grier et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grier, David

    (12) United States Patent Grier et al. US008791985B2 US 8,791,985 B2 Jul. 29, 2014 (10) Patent N0.: (45) Date of Patent: (54) (75) (73) (21) (22) (86) (87) (65) (60) (51) (52) TRACKING to any disclaimer, the term ofthis patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.C. 154(b) by 744 days. 12

  10. FLUIDIZED BED COMBUSTION UNIT FOR OIL SHALE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Hammad; Y. Zurigat; S. Khzai; Z. Hammad; O. Mubydeem

    A fluidized bed combustion unit has been designed and installed to study the fluidized bed combustion performance using oil shale as fuel in direct burning process. It is a steel column of 18 cm inside diameter and 130 cm height fitted with a perforated plate air distributor of 611 holes, each of 1

  11. Million U.S. Housing Units Total...............................

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    13.2 1.3 3.5 3.0 3.0 2.5 Table HC9.10 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Climate Zone, 2005 Housing Units (millions) Greater than 7,000 HDD 5,500 to 7,000 HDD 4,000...

  12. Computational Physics on Graphics Processing Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harju, Ari; Federici-Canova, Filippo; Hakala, Samuli; Rantalaiho, Teemu

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of graphics processing units for scientific computations is an emerging strategy that can significantly speed up various different algorithms. In this review, we discuss advances made in the field of computational physics, focusing on classical molecular dynamics, and on quantum simulations for electronic structure calculations using the density functional theory, wave function techniques, and quantum field theory.

  13. In This Issue United States and European

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In This Issue United States and European Consumer Demand for Genetically Modified Food mandatory labeling laws. EU countries require labeling of genetically modified foods, and a number of large EU retailers have agreed to stop selling all genetically modified foods, effectively banning

  14. FIRST YEAR CLINIC ROTATIONS Inpatient unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    FIRST YEAR CLINIC ROTATIONS Inpatient unit The fellow is responsible for the care and supervision weekly. Pediatric Hematology-Oncology Clinic The fellow on the PHO clinic rotation will be scheduled to evaluate scheduled clinic and infusion center patients along with an attending provider. Patients seen

  15. Cretan Hieroglyphic Wool Units (LANA, double mina)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younger, John G.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Minoan Hieroglyphic document CHIC *089, on analogy with Linear A and B wool documents, records the wool of a certain type of cloth as the equivalent in weight of 3 double minas, that is 1 wool unit (or the wool from 4 sheep).

  16. Legislating Biofuels in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Legislating Biofuels in the United States Wendy Clark National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado, USA 2008 SAE Biofuels Specifications and Performance Symposium July 7-9, 2008, Paris NREL PR-540 Legislate Biofuels? Plentiful U.S. biomass resources: energy crops, agricultural and forestry residues

  17. Computational Physics on Graphics Processing Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ari Harju; Topi Siro; Filippo Federici-Canova; Samuli Hakala; Teemu Rantalaiho

    2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of graphics processing units for scientific computations is an emerging strategy that can significantly speed up various different algorithms. In this review, we discuss advances made in the field of computational physics, focusing on classical molecular dynamics, and on quantum simulations for electronic structure calculations using the density functional theory, wave function techniques, and quantum field theory.

  18. FOR PUBLICATION UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the Eastern District of New York, sitting by designation. 14565 Case: 07-71576 10/28/2009 Page: 1 of 19 DktFOR PUBLICATION UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION, Petitioner, No. 07-71576v. DOE No.DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, EE-RM-PET-100Respondent, OPINIONTHE ASSOCIATION

  19. United States Department of Correlation and Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    United States Department of Correlation and Prediction Agriculture Forest Service of Snow Water L. Azuma #12;McGurk, Bruce J.; Azuma, David L. 1992. Correlation and prediction of snow water" and, by implication, prediction of wilderness snow data by nonwilderness sensors that are typically

  20. Fukushima Daiichi Unit 3 MELCOR Investigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robb, Kevin R [ORNL] [ORNL; Francis, Matthew W [ORNL] [ORNL; Ott, Larry J [ORNL] [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy sponsored a Fukushima Daiichi accident study as a collaboration between Sandia, Oak Ridge (ORNL), and Idaho National Laboratories. The purpose of the effort was to compile relevant data, reconstruct the accident progression using computer codes, assess the codes predictive capabilities, and to identify future data needs. The following summarizes MELCOR simulations performed at ORNL on Fukushima Daiichi Unit 3.

  1. Definition et unites Sources d'energie primaire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravelet, Florent

    Definition et unites Sources d'energie primaire L'energie dans une perspective historique Etat Laboratoire DynFluid, Arts et Metiers-ParisTech 19 fevrier 2014 F. Ravelet Energies #12;Definition et unit Energies #12;Definition et unites Sources d'energie primaire L'energie dans une perspective historique

  2. Performance of VAV Fan Powered Terminal Units: Experimental Results and Models for Series Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furr, J.; O'Neal, D.; Davis, M.; Bryant, J.; Cramlet, A.

    2008 ASHRAE 91 ABSTRACT Empirical models of airflow output and power consump- tion were developed for series fan powered variable air volume terminal units at typical operating pressures. Terminal units with 8 in. (203 mm) and 12 in. (304 mm... pressures of 0.25 w.g. (63 Pa). Upstream static pressures ranged from 0.1 to 2.0 in w.g. (25 to 498 Pa). Data were collected at four different primary air damper positions and at four terminal unit fan speeds. Model variables included the RMS voltage...

  3. =E2s5"J,@O$NJQ?tA*Br$K$*$1$k%Y%$%:E*J}K! --J?6Q>l6a;w$K4p$E$/%"%W%m!<%A --

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iba, Yukito

    =E2s5"J,@O$NJQ?tA*Br$K$*$1$k%Y%$%:E*J}K! -- J?6Q>l6a;w$K4p$E$/%"%W%m! alization $N:$Fq)!#$3$l$OE}7W3XE*$K$$$($PEvA3$N$3$H $G$"$j!"B?AX%Q!s5"%b%k%.!s5"J,@O$G$O%j%C%82s5"$KAjEv)!# $,$"$k$,!"$h$j6=L#?

  4. N 9, quinta-feira, 12 de janeiro de 2012 17ISSN 1677-7042 Este documento pode ser verificado no endereo eletrnico http://www.in.gov.br/autenticidade.html,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

    : Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES/MEC) Assunto: Aprecia a proposta de://portal.mec.gov.br/cne/). Brasília, 11 de janeiro de 2012. ATAÍDE ALVES Secretário Executivo COORDENA??O DE APERFEI?OAMENTO DE docentes. O Presidente da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pes- soal de Nível Superior - Capes, no uso das

  5. Better Buildings Alliance, Advanced Rooftop Unit Campaign: Rooftop Unit Measurement and Verification (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides facility managers and building owners an introduction to measurement and verification (M&V) methods to estimate energy and cost savings of rooftop units replacement or retrofit projects to estimate paybacks or to justify future projects.

  6. CONVERT 15 WELLS TO BORS PUMPING UNITS AND TEST/COMPARE TO CONVENTIONAL UNITS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walter B. North

    2003-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A new type of fluid lifting equipment called Balanced Oil Recovery System (trade named BORS Lift{trademark}) was installed on several idle oil wells to demonstrate the operating efficiency of this innovative equipment technology. The BORS Lift system is designed to bring oil to the surface without the accompanying formation water. The BORS Lift system uses an innovative strap mechanism that takes oil from the top of the downhole oilwater column and lifts it to the surface, eliminating production of the formation water. Eliminating salt water production could potentially increase oil production, reduce operational costs, benefit the environment, and cut salt water disposal costs. Although the BORS Lift units did not function as intended, lessons learned during the course of the field demonstration project resulted in improvements in the technology and redesign of subsequent generation BORS Lift units which are reported to have significantly improved their performance characteristics. BORS Lift units were installed on 15 temporarily abandoned wells which had been shut down due to low oil production, high water production, and uneconomic operating conditions. The wells had been producing with artificial lift at a high watercut from a shallow (850-900 feet), pressure depleted oil sand reservoir prior to being shut down. The electrical motor driven BORS Lift units provided a possible approach for economically returning the shallow, low-volume oil wells to production. The BORS Lift units used in this field demonstration were designed to recover up to roughly 22 barrels of fluid per day from depths ranging to 1,700 feet, ideal for many marginal stripper well operations. The BORS units were first-production-model test units, operated under oil field conditions for the first time, and were naturally expected to experience some design problems. From the onset, the operator experienced mechanical, design, and operational problems with the BORS Lift units and was unable to maintain un-interrupted production operations. The inventor provided considerable on-site technical support in an ongoing effort to correct the problems with the units and the inventor worked extensively with the operator to make design and manufacturing changes to the units to try to improve their reliability and performance. The operational problems were mostly related to the durability of the various components under oil field operating conditions such as inadequate mechanical, electrical, and electronic design for rough service, extended operation, and severe weather conditions. During the course of the demonstration project, it further appeared that the producing formation lacked sufficient reservoir energy and/or favorable oil properties to mobilize and displace oil from the formation into the well bore in order to recharge the oil column in the well. The BORS Lift units were then moved to a second lease which appeared to have more favorable WTI quality oil properties. Eight of these units were reported to have been installed and placed in operation on the second lease, however, operational difficulties continued. It was determined that the units were inadequately designed and would need to be replace by improved second generation units. Due to the lack of success with the first generation units and the extra cost to replace them with the redesigned units, the operators decided not to continue with the project and the project was terminated at that point.

  7. Performance of VAV Fan Powered Terminal Units: Experimental Results and Models for Parallel Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furr, J.; O'Neal, D.; Davis, M.; Bryant, J.; Cramlet, A.

    2008 ASHRAE 83 ABSTRACT Empirical models of airflow output, power consumption, and primary airflow were developed for parallel fan powered variable air volume terminal units at typical operating pres- sures. Both 8 in. (203 mm) and 12 in. (304 mm...) primary air inlet terminal units from three manufacturers were evaluated. Generalized models were developed from the experimental data with coefficients varying by size and manufacturer. Fan power and airflow data were collected at down- stream static...

  8. Presidents and prime ministers : United Kingdon-United States: 'Special Relationship' during the 1960's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Melissa S

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    of the requirements for the 1998-99 UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS PROGRAM April 15, 1999 Approved as to style and content by: r R. J. . Adams (Faculty Advisor) Department of History Susanna Finnell, Executive Director Honors Programs and Academic... Scholarships Fellows Group: Humanities Abstract Presidents and Prime Ministers: United Kingdom ? United States: 'Special Relationship' during the 1960's Melissa S. Thompson, (Dr. R. J. Q. Adams) University Undergraduate Fellow, 1998- 1999, Texas A...

  9. United Nations Human Space Technology Initiative (HSTI)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ochiai, M; Steffens, H; Balogh, W; Haubold, H J; Othman, M; Doi, T

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Human Space Technology Initiative was launched in 2010 within the framework of the United Nations Programme on Space Applications implemented by the Office for Outer Space Affairs of the United Nations. It aims to involve more countries in activities related to human spaceflight and space exploration and to increase the benefits from the outcome of such activities through international cooperation, to make space exploration a truly international effort. The role of the Initiative in these efforts is to provide a platform to exchange information, foster collaboration between partners from spacefaring and non-spacefaring countries, and encourage emerging and developing countries to take part in space research and benefit from space applications. The Initiative organizes expert meetings and workshops annually to raise awareness of the current status of space exploration activities as well as of the benefits of utilizing human space technology and its applications. The Initiative is also carrying out primary ...

  10. United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beredjick, N.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

  11. Estimated Water Flows in 2005: United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, C A; Belles, R D; Simon, A J

    2011-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Flow charts depicting water use in the United States have been constructed from publicly available data and estimates of water use patterns. Approximately 410,500 million gallons per day of water are managed throughout the United States for use in farming, power production, residential, commercial, and industrial applications. Water is obtained from four major resource classes: fresh surface-water, saline (ocean) surface-water, fresh groundwater and saline (brackish) groundwater. Water that is not consumed or evaporated during its use is returned to surface bodies of water. The flow patterns are represented in a compact 'visual atlas' of 52 state-level (all 50 states in addition to Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands) and one national water flow chart representing a comprehensive systems view of national water resources, use, and disposition.

  12. Renewable Electricity Futures for the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mai, Trieu; Hand, Maureen; Baldwin, Sam F.; Wiser , Ryan; Brinkman, G.; Denholm, Paul; Arent, Doug; Porro, Gian; Sandor, Debra; Hostick, Donna J.; Milligan, Michael; DeMeo, Ed; Bazilian, Morgan

    2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper highlights the key results from the Renewable Electricity (RE) Futures Study. It is a detailed consideration of renewable electricity in the United States. The paper focuses on technical issues related to the operability of the U. S. electricity grid and provides initial answers to important questions about the integration of high penetrations of renewable electricity technologies from a national perspective. The results indicate that the future U. S. electricity system that is largely powered by renewable sources is possible and the further work is warranted to investigate this clean generation pathway. The central conclusion of the analysis is that renewable electricity generation from technologies that are commercially available today, in combination with a more flexible electric system, is more than adequate to supply 80% of the total U. S. electricity generation in 2050 while meeting electricity demand on an hourly basis in every region of the United States.

  13. Using reconfigurable functional units in conventional microprocessors.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodrigues, Arun F.

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientific applications use highly specialized data structures that require complex, latency sensitive graphs of integer instructions for memory address calculations. Working with the Univeristy of Wisconsin, we have demonstrated significant differences between the Sandia's applications and the industry standard SPEC-FP (standard performance evaluation corporation-floating point) suite. Specifically, integer dataflow performance is critical to overall system performance. To improve this performance, we have developed a configurable functional unit design that is capable of accelerating integer dataflow.

  14. An Olefin Unit's Energy Audit and Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehler, J. H.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conversion Energy Index is essentially constant above 85%jof capacity. Energy consumption increases as capacity is reduced from 85% to 62%. The energy increase results from recycling on the centrifugal cracked gas and propylene compressors. At 62.... The data covering a range of operating rates from 45% to 101% of design is presented in Figure No.2. The Olefins unit has two cracked gas compressors, one ethylene refrigeration and two propylene refrigeration compressors. The curve shows the ethylene...

  15. Improving Unit Operations-Test Station Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filak, J. J. Jr.

    IMPROVING UNIT OPERATIONS - TEST STATION PERFORMANCE JosqIb 1. Filak. Jr, ? Corporate Energy Manager. Park.er?Hannafin COfpontioo- Cleveland. Oh ABSTRACT: This program's basic concept deals with the possibilities for reducing energy efficiency... requirements, control operation test performance functions more successfully, and retain peak load surges from reaching higher utility rate expense levels. 142 ESL-IE-95-04-23 Proceedings from the Seventeenth Industrial Energy Technology Conference...

  16. United States Patent [19] Carlson et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelson, Edward

    United States Patent [19] Carlson et al. [11] Patent Number: 4,523,230 [45] Date of Patent: Jun. 11 ............. 358/160, 163; 166; 167, 358/905, 21 R, 36; 382/49, 54 [56] References Cited U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS 4 signals. 24 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures #12;U.S. Patent Jun. 11, 1985 Sheet 1 of 4 4,523,230 #12;U.S. Patent

  17. United States Patent [19] Burt et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelson, Edward

    United States Patent [19] Burt et al. [11] Patent Number: 4 , 6 98, 84 3 [45] Date of Patent: Oct, 43, 49, 50, 54, 55 [56] References Cited U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS 3,737,855 6/1973 Cutaia.S. Patent Oct. 6, 1987 Sheet 1 of 3 4,698,843 #12;U.S. Patent Oct. 6, 1987 Sheet 2 of 3 4,698,843 #12;U

  18. Accelerating the Fourier split operator method via graphics processing units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heiko Bauke; Christoph H. Keitel

    2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Current generations of graphics processing units have turned into highly parallel devices with general computing capabilities. Thus, graphics processing units may be utilized, for example, to solve time dependent partial differential equations by the Fourier split operator method. In this contribution, we demonstrate that graphics processing units are capable to calculate fast Fourier transforms much more efficiently than traditional central processing units. Thus, graphics processing units render efficient implementations of the Fourier split operator method possible. Performance gains of more than an order of magnitude as compared to implementations for traditional central processing units are reached in the solution of the time dependent Schr\\"odinger equation and the time dependent Dirac equation.

  19. *** Prices are subject to change. Please contact properties directly to confirm latest prices. Updated: 2/8/2013 1 BR 2 BR 2 BR 2 BR 3 BR 3 BR 4 BR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behmer, Spencer T.

    -8981 12 months $555 $665 9 months Hunter's Point 12 months $575 $650-$730 9 months Lincoln Townhomes (979

  20. [Type text] 2012 Higher Education Units and Fees (version 1) October 2011 Page 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EDUCATION UNITS AND FEES UNIT CODE UNIT TITLE CreditPts EFTSL UnitFeefor 2012/11/10CSP UnitFeeforpre- 2010CSP UnitFeeforpre- 2009CSP UnitFeeforpre- 2008CSP FullTuitionFees fornon-CSP ACH400 RESEARCHFeefor 2012/11/10CSP UnitFeeforpre- 2010CSP UnitFeeforpre- 2009CSP UnitFeeforpre- 2008CSP Full

  1. Activity Stream - Mapping and Assessment of the United States...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource 5 months ago Jay Huggins updated the dataset Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy...

  2. Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Plan for Corrective Action Unit 541: Small Boy Nevada National Security Site and Nevada Test and Training Range, Nevada Re-direct Destination: Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 541 is...

  3. United States Atomic Energy Commission formed, part 2

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    formed, part 2 As we continue looking at the transition of thinking that led to the United States Atomic Energy Commission and away from a United Nations Atomic Energy Commission,...

  4. A student's guide to United States patent applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammond, Jennifer N. (Jennifer Nicole)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents a comprehensive guide to patent applications in the United States derived from the information provided by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). This guide gives indepth instructions ...

  5. New Geothermal Prospects in the Western United States Show Promise...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    New Geothermal Prospects in the Western United States Show Promise New Geothermal Prospects in the Western United States Show Promise February 27, 2013 - 2:21pm Addthis New...

  6. CHP Units in Washington State - Datasets - OpenEI Datasets

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CHP Units in Washington State This is data taken from the website http:www.eea-inc.comchpdataStatesWA.html on 232015 regarding the Cogeneration units in Washington State....

  7. EM Completes Salt Waste Disposal Units $8 Million under Budget...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    EM Completes Salt Waste Disposal Units 8 Million under Budget at Savannah River Site EM Completes Salt Waste Disposal Units 8 Million under Budget at Savannah River Site February...

  8. COMPUTER SCIENCE AND COMMUNICATION RESEARCH UNIT (CSC)......................................... 2 CURRICULUM VITAE.............................................................................................................................................

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Torre, Leon

    fundamental and applied research in the area of computer, communication and information sciences. Our goal1 COMPUTER SCIENCE AND COMMUNICATION RESEARCH UNIT (CSC)......................................... 2 ...............................................................................................................................................................62 #12;COMPUTER SCIENCE AND COMMUNICATION RESEARCH UNIT (CSC) Our primary mission is to conduct

  9. EnergyUnited- Commercial Energy Efficient Lighting Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Commercial and industrial members who upgrade to energy-efficient light bulbs which meet EnergyUnited's standards are eligible for a prescriptive, "per unit" rebate. The cooperative will provide a...

  10. INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization Consortium for Ocean: National Science Foundation _______________________________ David L. Divins Director, Ocean Drilling

  11. COOPERATIVE RESEARCH UNITS 1www.coopunits.org COOPERATIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,410 Figuresshowninthousands. PROGRAM YEAR IN REVIEW #12;2 COOPERATIVE RESEARCH UNITS www.coopunits.org FY 2007 PROGRAM

  12. FISHERY STATISTICS I OF THE UNITED STATESmmmMM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ^^ FISHERY STATISTICS I OF THE UNITED STATESmmmMM 'f^ gjIP^Ws^WI'l STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 25 Fish Statistical Digest 25 FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1949 BY A. W. ANDERSON and C. E. PETERSON UNITED. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. - - - Price $1.25 (paper) #12;Fishery Statistics

  13. RIS0-M-2319 RISK ANALYSIS OF A DISTILLATION UNIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RIS0-M-2319 RISK ANALYSIS OF A DISTILLATION UNIT J. R. Taylor**, 0. Hansen*, C. Jensen*, 0. F. A risk analysis of a batch distillation unit is de- scribed. The analysis has been carried out at several.2. Objectives and organisation 5 1.2.2. Philosophy and approach 6 1.3.1. The distillation unit 8 1

  14. Dynamic Interactions of PV units in Low Volatge Distribution Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pota, Himanshu Roy

    Dynamic Interactions of PV units in Low Volatge Distribution Systems M. J. Hossain, J. Lu Griffith. Abstract--Photovoltaic (PV) units along with other distributed energy resources (DERs) are located close, robust control, stability. I. Introduction The integration level of PV units in low and medium voltage

  15. United States Tornadoes of 2012* *Updated February 28, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Tornadoes of 2012* *Updated February 28, 2013 Comparisons are made for the 62-year in the United States extends back to 1950. Fatality records for significant tornado events prior to 1950.spc.noaa.gov #12;2012 U.S. Tornadoes: Active Early Followed by Record Low Activity Greg Carbin, SPC United States

  16. Women and Health in the United States Bridget Collins (2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Health: 9. Clark, Claudia. Radium Girls: Women and Industrial Health Reform, 1910-1935. (Chapel HillWomen and Health in the United States Bridget Collins (2007) Women and Health in the United States Advised by Judith Walzer Leavitt - 1 - #12;Women and Health in the United States Bridget Collins (2007

  17. Unit II-1 Inner products 1 Inner product and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkett, Stephen

    Unit II-1 Inner products 1 Unit II-1 Inner product and orthogonality Unit II-1 Inner products 2 Real inner product V is a real vector space for u,vV define a scalar satisfying: linear: symmetric: positive definite: is called an inner product of u and v V with an inner product defined is called

  18. Soil Survey and Ecological Sites: Integrated Map Unit Design and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Intensity Methods Map units Order 1 Grid mapping 2 (detailed) Confirm boundary and components 3 (broad) Confirm dominant components 4 Reconnaissance #12;Intensity Methods Map units Order 1 Grid mapping SingleSoil Survey and Ecological Sites: Integrated Map Unit Design and Interpretation Arlene J. Tugel

  19. 4-H Favorite Foods Unit 1.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Maeona; Mason, Louise; Reasonover, Frances; Tribble, Marie

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for this unit: 1. Prepare and serve one food from each of these groups olte time or more. Candy Snacks Desserts Main dishes Breads Salads Drinks Vegetables Fruit Set the table five times or more. Help serve meals five times or more. Plan, prepare... and other equipment in the kitchen. 7. Learn to work safely. 8. Learn the best way to wash dishes and clean up the kitchen. 0 Learn to eat the foods listed on the Texas Food Standard. Keep your food record up to date. Exhibit one food you learned...

  20. Monte Carlo simulations on Graphics Processing Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vadim Demchik; Alexei Strelchenko

    2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Implementation of basic local Monte-Carlo algorithms on ATI Graphics Processing Units (GPU) is investigated. The Ising model and pure SU(2) gluodynamics simulations are realized with the Compute Abstraction Layer (CAL) of ATI Stream environment using the Metropolis and the heat-bath algorithms, respectively. We present an analysis of both CAL programming model and the efficiency of the corresponding simulation algorithms on GPU. In particular, the significant performance speed-up of these algorithms in comparison with serial execution is observed.

  1. Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashurst, W. Robert

    Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values Mass 1 kg = 1000 g = 0.001 metric ton = 2.921 inHg at 0 C Energy 1 J = 1 Nm = 107 ergs = 107 dynecm = 2.77810-7 kWh 1 J = 0.23901 cal = 0R 10.73 psiaft3 lbmolR 62.36 litertorr molK 0.7302 ft3atm lbmolR Temperature Conversions: T

  2. Residual oil conversion in Ashland FCC Units

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barger, D.F.; Miller, C.B.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ashland Petroleum Company is a production-poor refining and marketing company. A company must have refining flexibility to compete in today's crude and marketing situation. Ashland has adopted a dual approach to achieving the required refining flexibility: development and construction of the RCC process, and development of techniques to practice residual oil conversion in Ashland FCC units. This paper discusses the operating techniques Ashland has used to allow residual oil conversion to be practiced in their present day FCC's and shows some of the yields which have been achieved.

  3. Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Weber

    2001-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) is an attractive, efficient, clean source of power for transportation, military, and stationary applications. Delphi has pioneered its application as an auxiliary Power Unit (APU) for transportation. Delphi is also interested in marketing this technology for stationary applications. Its key advantages are high efficiency and compatibility with gasoline, natural gas and diesel fuel. It's consistent with mechanizations that support the trend to low emissions. Delphi is committed to working with customers and partners to bring this novel technology to market.

  4. Freezing precipitation in the Southeastern United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, William Robert

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the rain and snow sectors with the freezing precipitation generally falling along or near the dividing line In regard to forecasting in Georgia~ Harms (1974) states that~ ". ~ in general, snow will occur north of the 850-mb 0 C i. sotherm...? and freezing rain and sleet in a 30 to 60 n. m band to the south. ? This conflicts somewhat with the rule-of-thumb expo'~ed by Diercks 17 (1970) in which he stated that~ for the eastern United States~ a mixture of snow~ sleet, and rain including freezing...

  5. United States Government Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen7/05 TUEk08-93) United

  6. Unit Energy Europe AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shreniksource History ViewFarming IncPanamenaUnit

  7. United Nations Foundation (UNF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCalifornia Sector:Shreniksource History ViewFarmingUnited

  8. United States Coast Guard | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLC Place:UnalakleetInformationInformationUnited

  9. United States: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLCEnergy) Redirect page Jump to:ImplementationUnited

  10. United Cool Air | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystems Analysis Success|Sustainable EnergyMotorUncle Sam TurnsUnited Cool

  11. UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads into Fuel for U.S. Electricity3 UDAC UNITED

  12. Low Carbon Transition Unit | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuanInformationLoremoJobs inUnit

  13. United Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG Jump to:Unipersonal yUnited

  14. United Group Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG Jump to:UnipersonalUnited Group

  15. United Nations Foundation (UNF) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG JumpEurope Jump to:sourceUnited

  16. United Nations Foundation Feed | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG JumpEurope Jump to:sourceUnitedNO

  17. United Natural Foods | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG JumpEurope JumpInformationUnited

  18. United States Government Department of Energy

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City, Arizona, DisposalFourthN V4100 DOE/EA-1452D E P"- ~.United

  19. UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME PROJECT DOCUMENT SUMMARY

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtle Airships JumpTypefor Africa | Open EnergyUNITED

  20. Ulubelu Unit 1 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtle Airships JumpTypeforUSDOIinUlubelu Unit 1 Jump to:

  1. Ulubelu Unit 2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtle Airships JumpTypeforUSDOIinUlubelu Unit 1 Jump to:2

  2. United Illuminating Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtleCooperative Place: Beaver Dam, Wisconsin Sector:United

  3. PROCEDURES FOR RESEARCH UNITS AND INFRASTRUCTURE PLATFORMS As per Policy on Research Units and Infrastructure Platforms (VPRGS-8)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doedel, Eusebius

    PROCEDURES FOR RESEARCH UNITS AND INFRASTRUCTURE PLATFORMS As per Policy on Research Units and Infrastructure Platforms (VPRGS-8) Last Updated January 31 2014 These Procedures are related to the Policy on Research Units and Infrastructure Platforms (VPRGS- 8) and reflect current practices concerning

  4. Low-cost inertial measurement unit.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deyle, Travis Jay

    2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories performs many expensive tests using inertial measurement units (IMUs)--systems that use accelerometers, gyroscopes, and other sensors to measure flight dynamics in three dimensions. For the purpose of this report, the metrics used to evaluate an IMU are cost, size, performance, resolution, upgradeability and testing. The cost of a precision IMU is very high and can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars. Thus the goals and results of this project are as follows: (1) Examine the data flow in an IMU and determine a generic IMU design. (2) Discuss a high cost IMU implementation and its theoretically achievable results. (3) Discuss design modifications that would save money for suited applications. (4) Design and implement a low cost IMU and discuss its theoretically achievable results. (5) Test the low cost IMU and compare theoretical results with empirical results. (6) Construct a more streamlined printed circuit board design reducing noise, increasing capabilities, and constructing a self-contained unit. Using these results, we can compare a high cost IMU versus a low cost IMU using the metrics from above. Further, we can examine and suggest situations where a low cost IMU could be used instead of a high cost IMU for saving cost, size, or both.

  5. DEVELOPMENT OF A HYDRONIC ROOFTOP UNIT -- HYPAK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric Lee; Dick Bourne; Mark Berman

    2004-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The majority of US commercial floor space is cooled by rooftop HVAC units (RTU's). RTU popularity derives chiefly from their low initial cost and relative ease of service access without disturbing building occupants. Unfortunately, current RTU's are inherently inefficient due to a combination of characteristics that unnecessarily increase cooling loads and energy use. Existing RTU's in the U.S. consume an estimated 2.4 quads annually. Inefficient RTU's create an estimated 3.5% of U.S. CO{sub 2} emissions, thus contributing significantly to global warming. Also, RTU's often fail to maintain adequate ventilation air and air filtration. This project was developed to evaluate the feasibility of a radically new ''HyPak'' RTU design that significantly and cost-effectively increases RTU performance and delivered air quality. The objective of the HyPak Project was to design, develop and test a hydronic RTU that provides a quantum improvement over conventional RTU performance. Our proposal targeted 60% and 50% reduction in electrical energy use by the HyPak RTU for dry and humid climates, respectively, when compared with a conventional unit.

  6. 200-BP-5 operable unit treatability test report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 200-BP-5 Operable Unit was established in response to recommendations presented in the 200 East Groundwater Aggregate Area Management Study Report (AAMSR) (DOE-RL 1993a). Recognizing different approaches to remediation, the groundwater AAMSR recommended separating groundwater from source and vadose zone operable units and subdividing 200 East Area groundwater into two operable units. The division between the 200-BP-5 and 200-PO-1 Operable Units was based principally on source operable unit boundaries and distribution of groundwater plumes derived from either B Plant or Plutonium/Uranium Extraction (PUREX) Plant liquid waste disposal sites.

  7. Solid-state synthesis, structure and properties of a novel open-framework cadmium selenite bromide: [Cd{sub 10}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 8}Br{sub 4}]HBrH{sub 2}O

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Wen-Tong [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Institute of Applied Chemistry, JingGangShan University, 343009 Ji'an, JiangXi (China); Wang, Ming-Sheng; Wang, Guan-E; Chen, Hui-Fen [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China); Guo, Guo-Cong, E-mail: gcguo@ms.fjirsm.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002 (China)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel open-framework cadmium selenite bromide, [Cd{sub 10}(SeO{sub 3}){sub 8}Br{sub 4}]HBrH{sub 2}O (1), has been obtained by a solid-state reaction at 450 C, and the structure has been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Compound 1 crystallizes in Pbcm of the orthorhombic system: a=10.882(3), b=16.275(5), c=18.728(6) , V=3317(2) {sup 3}, R1/wR2=0.0411/0.0659. Compound 1 is characteristic of a novel 3-D open-framework structure, composing {sub ?}{sup 2}[CdSeO{sub 3}] layers and the pillars of edge-shared CdO{sub 3}Br{sub 2} square pyramids. The lattice water molecules and the HBr molecules locate in the voids of the framework. Optical absorption spectrum of 1 reveals the presence of an optical gap of 1.65 eV. Solid-state photoluminescent study indicates that compound 1 exhibits strong violet emission. TGDSC measurement shows that compound 1 is thermally stable up to 200 C. - Graphical abstract: A metal selenite halide has been synthesized and features a 3-D open-framework structure, composing edge-shared CdO{sub 8} decahedra and pillars of edge-sharing pentahedra. UVvis, TGDSC and luminescent measurements are also reported. Highlights: This paper reports a novel cadmium selenite bromide obtained by an intermediate-temperature solid-state reaction. The title compound is characteristic of a novel 3-D open-framework structure, composing {sub ?}{sup 2}[CdSeO{sub 3}] layers and the pillars of edge-shared CdO{sub 3}Br{sub 2} square pyramids. The title compound is thermally stable up to 200 C. The title compound has an optical gap of 1.65 eV and exhibits strong violet emission.

  8. EFFICIENT PARALLELIZATION OF STOCHASTIC SIMULATION ALGORITHM FOR CHEMICALLY REACTING SYSTEMS ON THE GRAPHICS PROCESSING UNIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Hong; Petzold, Linda

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    REACTING SYSTEMS ON THE GRAPHICS PROCESSING UNIT H. Li ? L.The current generation of graphics processing units (GPU) issystems on the low cost graphics processing unit (GPU)

  9. Accelerated rescaling of single Monte Carlo simulation runs with the Graphics Processing Unit (GPU)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Owen; Choi, Bernard

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    using a massively parallel graphics processing unit, Med.modulated light using a graphics processing unit, J.speckle imaging data using graphics processing unit, Opt.

  10. Experimental and ab initio studies of the reactive processes in gas phase i-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}Br and i-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}OH collisions with potassium ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lpez, E.; Lucas, J. M.; Andrs, J. de; Albert, M.; Aguilar, A., E-mail: a.aguilar@ub.edu [Departament de Qumica Fsica, Institut de Qumica Terica i Computacional (IQTCUB), Universitat de Barcelona, Mart i Franqus, 1, 08028 Barcelona (Spain); Bofill, J. M. [Departament de Qumica Orgnica, Institut de Qumica Terica i Computacional (IQTCUB), Universitat de Barcelona, Mart i Franqus, 1, 08028 Barcelona (Spain); Bassi, D. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit degli Studi di Trento, 38123 Povo-Trento (Italy)

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Collisions between potassium ions and neutral i-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}Br and i-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}OH, all in their electronic ground state, have been studied in the 0.1010.00 eV center of mass (CM) collision energy range, using the radiofrequency-guided ion beam technique. In K{sup +} + i-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}Br collisions KHBr{sup +} formation was observed and quantified, while the analogous KH{sub 2}O{sup +} formation in K{sup +} + i-C{sub 3}H{sub 7}OH was hardly detected. Moreover, formation of the ion-molecule adducts and their decomposition leading to C{sub 3}H{sub 7}{sup +} and either KBr or KOH, respectively, have been observed. For all these processes, absolute cross-sections were measured as a function of the CM collision energy. Ab initio structure calculations at the MP2 level have given information about the potential energy surfaces (PESs) involved. In these, different stationary points have been characterized using the reaction coordinate method, their connectivity being ensured by using the intrinsic-reaction-coordinate method. From the measured excitation function for KHBr{sup +} formation the corresponding thermal rate constant at 303 K has been calculated. The topology of the calculated PESs allows an interpretation of the main features of the reaction dynamics of both systems, and in particular evidence the important role played by the potential energy wells in controlling the reactivity for the different reaction channels.

  11. Partially linear models with unit roots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juhl, Ted P.; Xiao, Z. J.

    2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~y tH110021 * H11002 [y tH110021 * !~e t H11002 [e t H11001g~x t !H11002 [g~x t !! Zf t 2 H11001o p ~1!+ PARTIALLY LINEAR MODELS WITH UNIT ROOTS 897 The theorem holds because 1 N 2 ( tH110051 N ~y tH110021 * H11002 [y tH110021 * ! 2 Zf t 2 nE~f 2 !s v... in econometrics+ One type of these models is the following partially linear regression: y t H11005g ' z t H11001g~x t !H11001e t , tH110051,+++,N, (1.1) where g~{! is an unknown real function and g is the vector of unknown param- eters that we want to estimate...

  12. Electric trade in the United States 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1994, the wholesale trade market totaled 1.9 trillion kilowatthours, about 66% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1994 (ELECTRA), is the fifth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1994.

  13. Renewable Energy Atlas of the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuiper, J. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division; Hlava, K. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division; Greenwood, H. [Environmentall Science Division] [Environmentall Science Division; Carr, A. [Environmental Science Division] [Environmental Science Division

    2013-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The Renewable Energy Atlas (Atlas) of the United States is a compilation of geospatial data focused on renewable energy resources, federal land ownership, and base map reference information. This report explains how to add the Atlas to your computer and install the associated software. The report also includes: ? A description of each of the components of the Atlas; ? Lists of the Geographic Information System (GIS) database content and sources; and ? A brief introduction to the major renewable energy technologies. The Atlas includes the following: ? A GIS database organized as a set of Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) ArcGIS Personal GeoDatabases, and ? ESRI ArcReader and ArcGIS project files providing an interactive map visualization and analysis interface.

  14. Inertial measurement unit using rotatable MEMS sensors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kohler, Stewart M.; Allen, James J.

    2006-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A MEM inertial sensor (e.g. accelerometer, gyroscope) having integral rotational means for providing static and dynamic bias compensation is disclosed. A bias compensated MEM inertial sensor is described comprising a MEM inertial sense element disposed on a rotatable MEM stage. A MEM actuator for drives the rotation of the stage between at least two predetermined rotational positions. Measuring and comparing the output of the MEM inertial sensor in the at least two rotational positions allows, for both static and dynamic bias compensation in inertial calculations based on the sensor's output. An inertial measurement unit (IMU) comprising a plurality of independently rotatable MEM inertial sensors and methods for making bias compensated inertial measurements are disclosed.

  15. Inertial measurement unit using rotatable MEMS sensors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kohler, Stewart M. (Albuquerque, NM); Allen, James J. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A MEM inertial sensor (e.g. accelerometer, gyroscope) having integral rotational means for providing static and dynamic bias compensation is disclosed. A bias compensated MEM inertial sensor is described comprising a MEM inertial sense element disposed on a rotatable MEM stage. A MEM actuator drives the rotation of the stage between at least two predetermined rotational positions. Measuring and comparing the output of the MEM inertial sensor in the at least two rotational positions allows for both static and dynamic bias compensation in inertial calculations based on the sensor's output. An inertial measurement unit (IMU) comprising a plurality of independently rotatable MEM inertial sensors and methods for making bias compensated inertial measurements are disclosed.

  16. Traction sheave elevator, hoisting unit and machine space

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hakala, Harri (Hyvinkaa, FI); Mustalahti, Jorma (Hyvinkaa, FI); Aulanko, Esko (Kerava, FI)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traction sheave elevator consisting of an elevator car moving along elevator guide rails, a counterweight moving along counterweight guide rails, a set of hoisting ropes (3) on which the elevator car and counterweight are suspended, and a drive machine unit (6) driving a traction sheave (7) acting on the hoisting ropes (3) and placed in the elevator shaft. The drive machine unit (6) is of a flat construction. A wall of the elevator shaft is provided with a machine space with its open side facing towards the shaft, the essential parts of the drive machine unit (6) being placed in the space. The hoisting unit (9) of the traction sheave elevator consists of a substantially discoidal drive machine unit (6) and an instrument panel (8) mounted on the frame (20) of the hoisting unit.

  17. Laminated microchannel devices, mixing units and method of making same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bennett, Wendy D [Kennewick, WA; Hammerstrom, Donald J [West Richland, WA; Martin, Peter M [Kennewick, WA; Matson, Dean W [Kennewick, WA

    2002-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A laminated microchannel device is described in which there is a unit operation process layer that has longitudinal channel. The longitudinal channel is cut completely through the layer in which the unit process operation resides. Both the device structure and method of making the device provide significant advantages in terms of simplicity and efficiency. A static mixing unit that can be incorporated in the laminated microchannel device is also described.

  18. Performance Evaluation of a 4.5 kW (1.3 Refrigeration Tons) Air-Cooled Lithium Bromide/Water Solar Powered (Hot-Water-Fired) Absorption Unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaltash, Abdolreza [ORNL; Petrov, Andrei Y [ORNL; Linkous, Randall Lee [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the summer months, air-conditioning (cooling) is the single largest use of electricity in both residential and commercial buildings with the major impact on peak electric demand. Improved air-conditioning technology has by far the greatest potential impact on the electric industry compared to any other technology that uses electricity. Thermally activated absorption air-conditioning (absorption chillers) can provide overall peak load reduction and electric grid relief for summer peak demand. This innovative absorption technology is based on integrated rotating heat exchangers to enhance heat and mass transfer resulting in a potential reduction of size, cost, and weight of the "next generation" absorption units. Rotartica Absorption Chiller (RAC) is a 4.5 kW (1.3 refrigeration tons or RT) air-cooled lithium bromide (LiBr)/water unit powered by hot water generated using the solar energy and/or waste heat. Typically LiBr/water absorption chillers are water-cooled units which use a cooling tower to reject heat. Cooling towers require a large amount of space, increase start-up and maintenance costs. However, RAC is an air-cooled absorption chiller (no cooling tower). The purpose of this evaluation is to verify RAC performance by comparing the Coefficient of Performance (COP or ratio of cooling capacity to energy input) and the cooling capacity results with those of the manufacturer. The performance of the RAC was tested at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in a controlled environment at various hot and chilled water flow rates, air handler flow rates, and ambient temperatures. Temperature probes, mass flow meters, rotational speed measuring device, pressure transducers, and a web camera mounted inside the unit were used to monitor the RAC via a web control-based data acquisition system using Automated Logic Controller (ALC). Results showed a COP and cooling capacity of approximately 0.58 and 3.7 kW respectively at 35 C (95 F) design condition for ambient temperature with 40 C (104 F) cooling water temperature. This is in close agreement with the manufacturer data of 0.60 for COP and 3.9 kW for cooling capacity. This study resulted in a complete performance map of RAC which will be used to evaluate the potential benefits of rotating heat exchangers in making the "next-generation" absorption chillers more compact and cost effective without any significant degradation in the performance. In addition, the feasibility of using rotating heat exchangers in other applications will be evaluated.

  19. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF FOSSIL...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    LIFE CYCLE GREENHOUSE GAS PERSPECTIVE ON EXPORTING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS FROM THE UNITED STATES ... 158 A. Description of LCA GHG Report...

  20. Rooftop Unit Suite: RTU Challenge, RTU Advanced Controls and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - 2013 BTO Peer Review Rooftop Unit Suite: RTU Challenge, RTU Advanced Controls and RTU Smart Monitoring and Diagnostic System - 2013 BTO Peer Review Commercial Buildings...

  1. applied research units: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and engineering fellowship programs Ward, Karen 92 RESEARCH Open Access Choice in maternity care: associations with unit Physics Websites Summary: women's choice of maternity...

  2. admissions unit evaluation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Evaluation of United Nations Specialized Agencies Serial Publications University of Kansas - KU ScholarWorks Summary: During the spring and summer of 2008 the University of...

  3. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sound Energy Savannah Electric Sierra Pacific Power Company Tampa Electric Company Tucson Electric Power Company UniSource Energy Services United Illuminating Upper Peninsula...

  4. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of New Mexico Puget Sound Energy SCE&G Savannah Electric Tampa Electric Company Tucson Electric Power Company UniSource Energy Services United Illuminating Upper Peninsula...

  5. Sandia National Laboratories: Portable Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Unit...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Green, Sustainable Power to Honolulu Port Portable Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Unit to Provide Green, Sustainable Power to Honolulu Port Solar Glare Hazard Analysis Tool Available for...

  6. Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Codes, Standards & Utility Policies Subprogram Soft Costs Author National Renewable Energy Laboratory Green Power Marketing in the United States: A Status Report (11th...

  7. United States Industrial Motor-Driven Systems Market Assessment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Motor-Driven Systems Market Assessment: Charting a Roadmap to Energy Savings for Industry United States Industrial Motor-Driven Systems Market Assessment: Charting a Roadmap to...

  8. Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource This project estimates the naturally available and technically recoverable U.S. wave energy resources, using...

  9. United States Fish and Wildlife Service - Habitat Conservation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - GuideHandbook: United States Fish and Wildlife Service - Habitat Conservation Plans Under the Endangered Species...

  10. Microsoft Word - CFC Reporting Unit Codes for the Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    CFC Reporting Unit Codes for the Department of Energy.docx OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF ENERGY 4190100 GENERAL COUNSEL 4191300 OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL 4191500 ASSISTANT SECRETARY...

  11. INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization JOI Alliance Joint _______________________________ Steven R. Bohlen President, Joint Oceanographic Institutions Executive Director, Ocean Drilling Programs

  12. INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization Consortium for Ocean. ______________________________ David L. Divins Director, Ocean Drilling Programs Consortium for Ocean Leadership, Inc. Washington, D

  13. INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization Consortium for Ocean. _______________________________ David L. Divins Director, Ocean Drilling Programs Consortium for Ocean Leadership, Inc. Washington, D

  14. INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization Consortium for Ocean. _______________________________ Steven R. Bohlen President, Joint Oceanographic Institutions Division Executive Director, Ocean Drilling

  15. INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization JOI Alliance Joint, Ocean Drilling Programs Joint Oceanographic Institutions, Inc. Washington DC 20005 19 July 2005 #12

  16. INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization Consortium for Ocean _______________________________ David L. Divins Director, Ocean Drilling Programs Consortium for Ocean Leadership, Inc. Washington, D

  17. INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization Consortium for Ocean. Bohlen President, Joint Oceanographic Institutions Division Executive Director, Ocean Drilling Programs

  18. INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTEGRATED OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM United States Implementing Organization JOI Alliance Joint President, Joint Oceanographic Institutions Executive Director, Ocean Drilling Programs Joint Oceanographic

  19. High grade uranium resources in the United States : an overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Richard E.

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A time analysis of uranium exploration, production and known reserves in the United States is employed to reveal industry trends. The

  20. accidental death united: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Criteria for Determination of Death: A Comparative Analysis of the United States and Japan University of California eScholarship Repository Summary: K. Goldberg, Choosing Life...

  1. Future of Wind Energy Technology in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thresher, R.; Robinson, M.; Veers, P.

    2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the status of wind energy in the United States as of 2007, its cost, the potential for growth, offshore development, and potential technology improvements.

  2. ST ATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNITED TECHNOLOGIES RESEARCH...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    conditioning (Carrier) and power generation (UTC Power). UTRC works directly with the UTC business units and outside partners to develop technology solutions that transition into...

  3. United States and Ukraine Sign Agreement to Improve Security...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Ukraine Sign Agreement to Improve Security of Ukraine's Radioactive Materials United States and Ukraine Sign Agreement to Improve Security of Ukraine's Radioactive Materials May...

  4. Outdoor unit construction for an electric heat pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Draper, Robert (Pittsburgh, PA); Lackey, Robert S. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The outdoor unit for an electric heat pump is provided with an upper portion 10 containing propeller fan means 14 for drawing air through the lower portion 12 containing refrigerant coil means 16 in the form of four discrete coils connected together in a subassembly forming a W shape, the unit being provided with four adjustable legs 64 which are retracted in shipment, and are adjusted on site to elevate the unit to a particular height suitable for the particular location in which the unit is installed.

  5. Outdoor unit construction for an electric heat pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Draper, R.; Lackey, R.S.

    1984-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The outdoor unit for an electric heat pump is provided with an upper portion containing propeller fan means for drawing air through the lower portion containing refrigerant coil means in the form of four discrete coils connected together in a subassembly forming a W shape, the unit being provided with four adjustable legs which are retracted in shipment, and are adjusted on site to elevate the unit to a particular height suitable for the particular location in which the unit is installed. 4 figs.

  6. Multi-unit Auctions with Unknown Supply [Extended Abstract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saberi, Amin

    Multi-unit Auctions with Unknown Supply [Extended Abstract] Mohammad Mahdian Microsoft Research Redmond, WA, USA mahdian@microsoft.com Amin Saberi Stanford University Stanford, CA, USA saberi

  7. Optimizing Highway Transportation at the United States Postal Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anthony Pajunas

    2007-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 4, 2007 ... Optimizing Highway Transportation at the United States Postal Service. Anthony Pajunas (Anthony.pajunas ***at*** usps.gov) Edward J. Matto...

  8. United States Department Of The Navy Geothermal Exploration Leading...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Depot, Hawthorne, Nv Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: United States Department Of The Navy Geothermal Exploration...

  9. 2010 Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United States and Canada...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2010 Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United States and Canada: Third Edition Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: 2010 Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the...

  10. Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- The United States of America...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The United States of America Country Update Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection HelpFAQ | Site Map | Contact Us HomeBasic Search About Publications Advanced Search New Hot...

  11. Statement of Intent by The United States Department of Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Statement of Intent by The United States Department of Energy and Atomic Energy of Canada Limited in the Field of Used Fuel and Radioactive Waste Management, Decommissioning and...

  12. Joint Statement by President Barack Obama of the United States...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Barack Obama of the United States of America and Prime Minister Stephen Harper of Canada on Accelerating Economic Recovery and Job Creation Joint Statement by President Barack...

  13. agency united states: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    markets hit by United States housing crash 19 Columbia, Canada. Currently about 80% of pellet production from North America is exported to Europe. Recent 414 STATE OF CALIFORNIA...

  14. United States Department of Energy Solution Center for Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solution Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: United States Department of Energy Solution Center for...

  15. CYCLOTOMIC UNITS IN ZpEXTENSIONS Radan Kucera, Jan Nekovar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nekováø, Jan

    CYCLOTOMIC UNITS IN Zp­EXTENSIONS Radan KuŸcera, Jan Nekov??aŸr 1. Introduction Let p be a prime

  16. Federal Energy Management Program Training Offers IACET Continuing Education Units

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Video explains how the Federal Energy Management Program offers International Association for Continuing Education and Training (IACET) continuing education units for eTraining core courses.

  17. United States Industrial Motor Systems Market Opportunities Assessment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Motor Systems Market Opportunities Assessment: Executive Summary United States Industrial Motor Systems Market Opportunities Assessment: Executive Summary In addition to serving...

  18. Feasibility Assessment of the Water Energy Resources of the United...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Feasibility Assessment of the Water Energy Resources of the United States for New Low Power and Small Hydro Classes of Hydroelectric Plants: Main Report and Appendix A Feasibility...

  19. Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    States Ocean Wave Energy Resource Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource This report describes the analysis and results of a rigorous assessment of...

  20. Investigation of single unit flashovers in HVDC insulator strings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishikawa, Kouichi; Kageyama, Hiroshi; Yamada, Yasuhiro [Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc., Osaka (Japan)] [Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc., Osaka (Japan); Matsuoka, Ryosuke; Ito, Susumu; Sakanishi, Kenji [NGK Insulators, Ltd., Nagoya (Japan)] [NGK Insulators, Ltd., Nagoya (Japan)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In HVDC transmission lines, a special phenomenon, so called single unit flashover, is observed under some special conditions. Only one or two insulator units repeat flashovers, not resulting in an overall flashover along the string. However, higher magnitudes of audible noise, radio and television interferences, may give a serious problem. Based on the investigation on {+-}500-kV full scale insulator strings, higher occurrence probability of single unit flashovers under cold-wet-switch-on conditions was clarified compared with normal continuous operating voltage conditions. Effectiveness of the newly proposed countermeasures to prevent single unit flashovers was demonstrated by experiments in laboratory and in field.

  1. United States and Italy Sign Agreements to Advance Developments...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    by Secretary Chu and Deputy Secretary of Commerce Dennis F. Hightower, affirms the strong interest of the United States and Italy to encourage their respective nuclear industries...

  2. Geothermal | The United States Department of Energy | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Geothermal | The United States Department of Energy What is FORGE? What is FORGE? The Frontier Observatory for Research in Geothermal Energy could unlock up to 100 gigawatts of...

  3. assessment united states: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the department has engaged in four major curriculum Liberzon, Daniel 144 Municipal Solid Waste in The United States Environmental Management and Restoration Websites Summary:...

  4. STANDARD SYMBOLS FOR UNITS OF MEASURE AIP IEEE CDR APS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    .wt. at.wt. bar bar bar bar bar British Thermal Unit Btu Btu Btu calorie (cgs) cal cal cal centimeter cm

  5. Beryllium Technology Research in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glen R. Longhurst; Robert A. Anderl; M. Kay Adleer-Flitton; Gretchen E. Matthern; Troy J. Tranter; Kendall J. Hollis

    2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While most active research involving beryllium in the United States remains tied strongly to biological effects, there are several areas of technology development in the last two years that should be mentioned. (1) Beryllium disposed of in soil vaults at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) has been encapsulated in-situ by high-temperature and pressure injection of a proprietary wax based material to inhibit corrosion. (2) A research program to develop a process for removing heavy metals and cobalt from irradiated beryllium using solvent extraction techniques has been initiated to remove components that prevent the beryllium from being disposed of as ordinary radioactive waste. (3) The JUPITER-II program at the INL Safety and Tritium Applied Research (STAR) facility has addressed the REDOX reaction of beryllium in molten Flibe (a mixture of LiF and BeF2) to control tritium, particularly in the form of HF, bred in the Flibe by reactions involving both beryllium and lithium. (4) Work has been performed at Los Alamos National Laboratory to produce beryllium high heat flux components by plasma spray deposition on macro-roughened substrates. Finally, (5) corrosion studies on buried beryllium samples at the RWMC have shown that the physical form of some of the corroded beryllium is very filamentary and asbestos-like. This form of beryllium may exacerbate the contraction of chronic beryllium disease.

  6. Renewable energy atlas of the United States.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuiper, J.A.; Hlava, K.Greenwood, H.; Carr, A. (Environmental Science Division)

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Renewable Energy Atlas (Atlas) of the United States is a compilation of geospatial data focused on renewable energy resources, federal land ownership, and base map reference information. It is designed for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service (USFS) and other federal land management agencies to evaluate existing and proposed renewable energy projects. Much of the content of the Atlas was compiled at Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) to support recent and current energy-related Environmental Impact Statements and studies, including the following projects: (1) West-wide Energy Corridor Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) (BLM 2008); (2) Draft PEIS for Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States (DOE/BLM 2010); (3) Supplement to the Draft PEIS for Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States (DOE/BLM 2011); (4) Upper Great Plains Wind Energy PEIS (WAPA/USFWS 2012, in progress); and (5) Energy Transport Corridors: The Potential Role of Federal Lands in States Identified by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section 368(b) (in progress). This report explains how to add the Atlas to your computer and install the associated software; describes each of the components of the Atlas; lists the Geographic Information System (GIS) database content and sources; and provides a brief introduction to the major renewable energy technologies.

  7. Electricity markets in the western United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, E.M.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article introduces the use of rigorous econometric tools to understand the geographic scope of the market for generation services. These tools are applied to data from the current wholesale electricity market in the western United States. The behavior of the current wholesale electricity market and the methods used to assess the expanse of the geographic market in the current wholesale electricity market can go a long way toward informing the discussion of pricing behavior and performance in a restructured electricity industry. First, the current wholesale electricity market is already effectively unregulated and suffers from the same technical complexities that face a retail electricity market. Consequently, understanding the supply and demand conditions that cause the extent of the geographic market for generation services to narrow in the current wholesale electricity market can shed light on which times the geographic expanse of the market may narrow in a restructures electricity market. Second, the techniques developed in this paper to assess the extent of the current wholesale electricity market can be applied readily to a restructured electricity market. Finally, because market conditions in the electricity industry are likely to change significantly in the next few years, as the structure of the electricity sector changes dramatically, this analysis of the geographic expanse of the market can provide a useful benchmark against which to compare post-restructuring wholesale price relationships.

  8. United States and world energy sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, L.L.; Baird, L.M.; Varanini, E.E. III (eds.)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This volume examines the economic, political, and social implications of the oil-dependence dilemma facing the United States. Most of the contributors are energy consultants in the public or private sector. Their analyses of the changing oil situation and its impact on other energy policies reflect either an international, national, or regional perspective with a unique combination of pragmatic insights and academic analyses of these complex issues. While examining the various aspects of the energy dependence dilemma presented here, one critical theme will probably recur to the reader. That is, given the inadequate nature of the US response to the 1973 and 1979 shortfalls in foreign oil supplies, how will we manage the projected future shortages in foreign oil supplies. The 18 papers of this volume were presented at a conference at Los Angeles in July 1980 and cosponsored by the University of Southern California and the California Energy Commission; a separate abstract was prepared for each paper. See also EAPA 7:3231 and Energy Research Abstracts (ERA) 6:18036.

  9. Russian: United States Environmental Restoration Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Russian - United States Environmental Restoration Workshop, held in Washington, D.C., and Richland, Washington, from April 5 through 18, 1993, was the first extended collaborative information exchange between the US Department of Energy (DOE) and Russian scientists at the site level. In addition to the Russian scientists, workshop participants included scientists and staff from DOE, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC), the US Environmental Training Institute (USETI), universities, and the private sector. The first week (April 5 through 10) of the workshop took place in Washington, D.C., where the Russian and US participants were presented with a US perspective on environmental restoration and remediation issues from representatives in DOE and the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The second week (April 11 through 18) occurred in Richland, Washington, where the participants were presented with site-specific environmental restoration and remediation issues related to Hanford Site cleanup. This report is a compilation of the presentations, discussions, and experiences shared during the second week of the workshop in Richland, Washington.

  10. Continuous improvement in nitrogen rejection unit design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O`Brien, J.V. [Process Systems International, Inc., Westborough, MA (United States); Maloney, J.J. [Praxair, Inc., Tonawanda, NY (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The design and fabrication of Nitrogen Rejection Units (NRU) has advanced considerably over the past 15 years. Improvements have been made in all aspects of producing an NRU plant and cold box. This paper presents the primary areas involved that have seen these improvements. (1) Process design: the two-column process has been superseded by an approach which utilizes multiple flash drums and one column. This leads to a smaller and lower cost cold box. With low nitrogen content feeds, the prefractionater recovers half the methane as a high pressure residue gas and reduces the cold box size. (2) Mechanical Design: improved software enables the design process to be more accurate, eliminate piping and equipment interferences, reduce the size of the box and save design time. (3) Manufacturing: the interfacing of the 3D software design tools and the manufacturing process enables the shop floor personnel to reduce the manufacturing time by 10%. All of these individual improvements have reduced the real cost of an NRU substantially over the past 15 years.

  11. Electric trade in the United States, 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1996, the wholesale trade market totaled 2.3 trillion kilowatthours, over 73% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1996 (ELECTRA), is the sixth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1996. The electric trade data collected and presented in this report furnish important information on the wholesale structure found within the US electric power industry. The patterns of interutility trade in the report support analyses of wholesale power transactions and provide input for a broader understanding of bulk power market issues that define the emerging national electric energy policies. The report includes information on the quantity of power purchased, sold, exchanged, and wheeled; the geographical locations of transactions and ownership classes involved; and the revenues and costs. 1 fig., 43 tabs.

  12. Status of the fluidized bed unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, P.M.; Wade, J.F.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rocky Flats has a serious mixed waste problem. No technology or company has a license and available facilities to remedy this dilemma. One solution under study is to use a catalytic fluidized bed unit to destroy the combustible portion of the mixed waste. The fluidized bed thermal treatment program at Rocky Flats is building on knowledge gained over twenty years of successful development activity. The FBU has numerous technical advantages over other thermal technologies to treat Rocky Flats` mixed waste, the largest being the lower temperature (700{degrees}C versus 1000{degrees}C) which reduces acid corrosion and mechanical failures and obviates the need for ceramic lining. Successful demonstrations have taken place on bench, pilot, and full-scale tests using radioactive mixed wastes. The program is approaching implementation and licensing of a production-scale fluidized bed system for the safe treatment of mixed waste. The measure for success on this project is the ability to work closely with the community to jointly solve problems and respond to concerns of mixed waste treatment at Rocky Flats.

  13. 1. MATHEMATICS and SCIENCE (36 units minimum)1 Including Math 19, 20, 21 (or 41 & 42)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    fundamentals elective, 3-5 units1 Required Depth ­ 38 units CEE 100 Managing Sustainable Building Projects, 4Q) Accessing Architecture Through Drawing, 4 units CEE 130 Architectural Design, 4 units CEE 136 Green Architecture, 4 units CEE 137B Intermediate Architecture Studio, 5 units CEE 156 Building Systems

  14. ~..~ I,~.!j"". ------.....-...... --UnIted Stc~tes -Departcient -of the Interio-r-------------Fish and Wildlife Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) as \\Veekl~T unenploY:'1cnt benefits, less wa~es, if any, in exc(o ss of :-:3. (2) Maxir!1WTI nU!:1b,_,r of w

  15. Contacts @CRCTUCRCTU Cancer Research UK Clinical Trials Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    treatments and biomarkers for cancer. The CRCTU also collaborate with a large number of academic scientificContacts @CRCTUCRCTU Cancer Research UK Clinical Trials Unit School of Cancer Sciences University://www.birmingham.ac.uk/crctu Making a difference... A National Cancer Research Institute Accredited Trials Unit Linked Groups

  16. Contacts @CRCTUCRCTU Cancer Research UK Clinical Trials Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    scientists in the development of new treatments and biomarkers for cancer. The CRCTU also collaborateContacts @CRCTUCRCTU Cancer Research UK Clinical Trials Unit School of Cancer Sciences University... A National Cancer Research Institute Accredited Trials Unit Linked Groups @CRCTUCRCTU Birmingham

  17. STOCHASTIC FLOW SEQUENCE GENERATION AND ASPINALL UNIT OPERATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to incorporate paleo #12;iv reconstructed data. The selected methods are then employed to generate syntheticSTOCHASTIC FLOW SEQUENCE GENERATION AND ASPINALL UNIT OPERATIONS By KENNETH C NOWAK B Flow Sequence Generation and Aspinall Unit Operations written by Kenneth C Nowak has been approved

  18. United States Tornadoes of 2011* Updated: February 4, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Tornadoes of 2011* Updated: February 4, 2012 *2011 data subject to revision events in the United States. Annual and single tornado fatality records (for the purposes of comparison................................550 (Ranked 4th) Year with Most Tornado Deaths.....................1925 (Tri-State, ~700 deaths) Most

  19. STATE OF CALIFORNIA ICE STORAGE AIR CONDITIONING (ISAC) UNITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cooling with the compressor). Yes No #12;STATE OF CALIFORNIA ICE STORAGE AIR CONDITIONING (ISAC) UNITS CEC/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-MECH-08 Ice Storage Air Conditioning (ISAC) Units being full of ice. Verify that the system is operates properly in the Idle mode (i.e., the compressor

  20. No. 08-1234 Supreme Court of the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    No. 08-1234 IN THE Supreme Court of the United States JAMAL KIYEMBA, ET AL., Petitioners, v. BARACK H. OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, ET AL., Respondents. ___________ On Writ of Certiorari of Record Professor and Director International Human Rights Law Program Boston College Law School, 885

  1. Planning Health Into Your Meals Unit Preparation Materials and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNIT 14: Planning Health Into Your Meals Unit Preparation Materials and Facilitator Guide #12; #12;Navigating for Success Planning Health into Your Meals Copyright 2007. Do not reproduce or distribute without Planning Health into Your Meals WHO: Participants and Leaders Up to 12 nutrition educators working

  2. EXTENDING UFDS TO PIDS WITHOUT ADDING UNITS KEITH A. KEARNES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kearnes, Keith A.

    EXTENDING UFDS TO PIDS WITHOUT ADDING UNITS KEITH A. KEARNES ABSTRACT. If U is a UFD, then there is a PID P containing U that has the same unit group as U. Moreover, P can be taken so that its field there is a PID P such that (i) P is a proper subring of the real numbers, (ii) P properly contains the ring

  3. Characterization of wind power resource in the United States*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Characterization of wind power resource in the United States* U. Bhaskar Gunturu and C. Adam Chemistry and Physics Characterization of wind power resource in the United States U. B. Gunturu and C. A, 120 m turbine hub heights. The wind power density (WPD) estimates at 50 m are qualitatively similar

  4. POVERTY IN THE UNITED STATES Sociology 3505, Fall 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Jacqueline

    POVERTY IN THE UNITED STATES Sociology 3505, Fall 2013 Tuesdays and Thursdays, 9:00-10:20 AM 214 __________________________________________________________________________________ COURSE DESCRIPTION This course examines the nature and extent of poverty in the United States. Students will gain familiarity with poverty issues as we review topics such as people`s views of poverty, poverty

  5. UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ___________________________________ ) THE HUMANE SOCIETY OF THE ) UNITED STATES, et al., ) ) Plaintiffs, ) ) v. ) Civil Action No. 05-1392 (ESH amendments be vacated; it is Case 1:05-cv-01392-ESH Document 29 Filed 05/26/2006 Page 1 of 2 #12;FURTHER/ ELLEN SEGAL HUVELLE United States District Judge Date: May 26, 2006 Case 1:05-cv-01392-ESH Document 29

  6. Design & Engineering Services SPEAKMAN HYBRID ROOFTOP UNIT PERFORMANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Design & Engineering Services SPEAKMAN HYBRID ROOFTOP UNIT PERFORMANCE: WESTERN COOLING CHALLENGE, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducted the physical laboratory tests at their facility for their contribution of the Air20 Quattro HCRS2500 hybrid rooftop unit used for evaluation, and is grateful to the US

  7. Design & Engineering Services AIRMAX HYBRID ROOFTOP UNIT PERFORMANCE: WESTERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Design & Engineering Services AIRMAX HYBRID ROOFTOP UNIT PERFORMANCE: WESTERN COOLING CHALLENGE. and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducted the physical laboratory tests at their facility for their contribution of the Air20 Quattro HCRS2500 hybrid rooftop unit used for evaluation, and is grateful to the US

  8. Evolutionary Search for Smooth Maps in Motor Control Unit Calibration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zell, Andreas

    Evolutionary Search for Smooth Maps in Motor Control Unit Calibration Jan Poland, Kosmas Kn of maps, which is motivated from motor control unit calibration. The problem is of a particular in- terest) for combustion engines. We briefly sketch the situation. During engine operation, each engine parameter1 is being

  9. School of Forest Resources and Conservation 2009 Unit Review Document

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    School of Forest Resources and Conservation UF/IFAS 2009 Unit Review Document October, 2009; Revised January, 2010 #12;School of Forest Resources and Conservation UF/IFAS 2009 Unit Review Document that encompass sustainable conservation, production and management. Mission To deliver integrated programs

  10. PERMITTING LEADERSHIP IN THE UNITED STATES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ken Nemeth

    2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In accordance with the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) proposal, as incorporated into NETL/DE-FC26-97FT34199, the objective of this agreement is to streamline the environmental technology permitting process site-to-site, state-to-state, and industry-to-industry to achieve remediation and waste processing faster, better and cheaper. SSEB is working with member Governors, legislators and regulators to build consensus on streamlining the permitting process for new and innovative technologies for addressing the legacy of environmental problems from 50 years of weapons research, development and production. This report reviews mechanisms whereby industry consortiums and the Department of Energy (DOE) have been working with State regulators and other officials in technology deployment decisions within the DOE complex. The historic development of relationships with State regulators is reviewed and the current nature of the relationships examined. The report contains observations from internal DOE reviews as well as recommendations from the General Accounting Office (GAO) and other external organizations. The report discusses reorganization initiatives leading up to a DOE Top-to-Bottom review of the Environmental Management (EM) Program and highlights points of consideration for maintaining effective linkages with State regulators. It notes how the proposed changes will place new demands upon the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and how NETL can leverage its resources by refocusing existing EM efforts specifically to states that have DOE facilities within their borders (host-states). Finally, the report discusses how SSEB's Permitting Leadership in the United States (PLUS) program can provide the foundation for elements of NETL's technical assistance program that are delivered to regulators and other decision- makers in host-states. As a regional compact commission, SSEB provides important direct linkages to regulators and stakeholders who need technical assistance to evaluate DOE's cleanup plans. In addition, the PLUS program has facilitated the involvement of key regulators from host-states beyond the Southern region.

  11. Unitizing and waterflooding the California Yowlumne Oil Field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burzlaff, A.A.

    1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Yowlumne field, located at the southern end of the San Joaquin Valley of California, is one of the largest new onshore oil fields discovered in California in the past twenty years. The field, at an average depth of 12,200', has produced over 42 million barrels of oil since its discovery in 1974. In May, 1982, a portion of the Yowlumne field was unitized and called Yowlumne Unit ''B''. Nine operators and about 160 royalty owners cooperated to form this unit. A two phase unitization formula based on remaining primary and initial hydrocarbon pore volume was used to form Unit ''B''. A secondary waterflood project is being implemented which is estimated to increase oil recovery by some 25 million barrels.

  12. Beowawe Bottoming Binary Unit - Final Technical Report for EE0002856

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, Dale Edward

    2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This binary plant is the first high-output refrigeration based waste heat recovery cycle in the industry. Its working fluid is environmentally friendly and as such, the permits that would be required with a butane based cycle are not necessary. The unit is modularized, meaning that the units individual skids were assembled in another location and were shipped via truck to the plant site. This project proves the technical feasibility of using low temperature brine The development of the unit led to the realization of low temperature, high output, and environmentally friendly heat recovery systems through domestic research and engineering. The project generates additional renewable energy for Nevada, resulting in cleaner air and reduced carbon dioxide emissions. Royalty and tax payments to governmental agencies will increase, resulting in reduced financial pressure on local entities. The major components of the unit were sourced from American companies, resulting in increased economic activity throughout the country.

  13. Operable Generating Units in the United States by State and Energy Source, 2011

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14 Jan-15LiquidBGOperable Generating Units in the

  14. EOC Title: Documentation Unit General Description The Documentation Unit maintains accurate, up-to-date incident files

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Matthew P.

    PLANNING EOC Title: Documentation Unit General Description The Documentation Unit maintains, EOC Action Plan, and other documents, as required Ensure an EOC sign-in sheet is available for each and Initial Action Incidents (3 hours) IS-700 National Incident Management System (3 hours) IS-800

  15. Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 543: Liquid Disposal Units, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Restoration

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Closure Report (CR) documents closure activities for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 543, Liquid Disposal Units, according to the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO, 1996) and the Corrective Action Plan (CAP) for CAU 543 (U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office [NNSA/NSO], 2007). CAU 543 is located at the Nevada Test Site (NTS), Nevada (Figure 1), and consists of the following seven Corrective Action Sites (CASs): CAS 06-07-01, Decon Pad; CAS 15-01-03, Aboveground Storage Tank; CAS 15-04-01, Septic Tank; CAS 15-05-01, Leachfield; CAS 15-08-01, Liquid Manure Tank; CAS 15-23-01, Underground Radioactive Material Area; CAS 15-23-03, Contaminated Sump, Piping; and CAS 06-07-01 is located at the Decontamination Facility in Area 6, adjacent to Yucca Lake. The remaining CASs are located at the former U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Farm in Area 15. The purpose of this CR is to provide a summary of the completed closure activities, to document waste disposal, and to present analytical data confirming that the remediation goals were met. The closure alternatives consisted of closure in place for two of the CASs, and no further action with implementation of best management practices (BMPs) for the remaining five CASs.

  16. Corrective Action Plan for Corrective Action Unit 543: Liquid Disposal Units, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Restoration

    2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 543, Liquid Disposal Units, is listed in Appendix III of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order of 1996. CAU 543 consists of seven Corrective Action Sites (CASs) located in Areas 6 and 15 of the Nevada Test Site, which is approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. CAU 543 consists of the following seven CASs: {sm_bullet} CAS 06-07-01, Decon Pad {sm_bullet} CAS 15-01-03, Aboveground Storage Tank {sm_bullet} CAS 15-04-01, Septic Tank {sm_bullet} CAS 15-05-01, Leachfield {sm_bullet} CAS 15-08-01, Liquid Manure Tank {sm_bullet} CAS 15-23-01, Underground Radioactive Material Area {sm_bullet} CAS 15-23-03, Contaminated Sump, Piping From January 24, 2005 through April 14, 2005, CAU 543 site characterization activities were conducted, and are reported in Appendix A of the CAU 543 Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD) (U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office [NNSA/NSO], 2005). The recommended corrective action as stated in the approved CADD is No Further Action for five of the CAU 543 CASs, and Closure In Place for the remaining two CASs.

  17. Methods and some implications of beef trade between Australia and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Mark

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    marketing chain to the United States, 2) Australian levies and quarantine, 3) United States beef quota system and, 4) some major implications of government regulations. The first section explains the methods of transporting beef from Australia...). An understanding of the United States beef quota system is given in the third section. This system is overseen and operated by the President of the United States, United States Secretary of Agriculture, United States Secretary of Treasury, and the United States...

  18. Use of InSpector{sup TM} 1 1000 Instrument with LaBr{sub 3} for Nuclear Criticality Safety (NCS) Applications at the Westinghouse Hematite Decommissioning Project (HDP) - 13132

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pritchard, Megan [Nuclear Safety Associates, P.O. Box 471488, Charlotte, NC 28247 (United States)] [Nuclear Safety Associates, P.O. Box 471488, Charlotte, NC 28247 (United States); Guido, Joe [System One Services, 12 Federal St. Ste. 205, Pittsburgh, PA 15212 (United States)] [System One Services, 12 Federal St. Ste. 205, Pittsburgh, PA 15212 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Westinghouse Hematite Decommissioning Project (HDP) is a former nuclear fuel cycle facility that is currently undergoing decommissioning. One aspect of the decommissioning scope is remediation of buried nuclear waste in unlined burial pits. The current Nuclear Criticality Safety program relies on application of criticality controls based on radiological setpoints from a 2 x 2 Sodium Iodide (NaI) detector. Because of the nature of the material buried (Low Enriched Uranium (LEU), depleted uranium, thorium, and radium) and the stringent threshold for application of criticality controls based on waste management (0.1 g {sup 235}U/L), a better method for {sup 235}U identification and quantification has been developed. This paper outlines the early stages of a quick, in-field nuclear material assay and {sup 235}U mass estimation process currently being deployed at HDP. Nuclear material initially classified such that NCS controls are necessary can be demonstrated not to require such controls and dispositioned as desired by project operations. Using Monte Carlo techniques and a high resolution Lanthanum Bromide (LaBr) detector with portable Multi-Channel Analyzer (MCA), a bounding {sup 235}U mass is assigned to basic geometries of nuclear material as it is excavated. The deployment of these methods and techniques has saved large amounts of time and money in the nuclear material remediation process. (authors)

  19. Radiative rates for E1, E2, M1, and M2 transitions in the Br-like ions Sr IV, Y V, Zr VI, Nb VII, and Mo VIII

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aggarwal, K M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energies and lifetimes are reported for the lowest 375 levels of five Br-like ions, namely Sr~IV, Y~V, Zr~VI, Nb~VII, and Mo~VIII, mostly belonging to the 4s$^2$4p$^5$, 4s$^2$4p$^4$4$\\ell$, 4s4p$^6$, 4s$^2$4p$^4$5$\\ell$, 4s$^2$4p$^3$4d$^2$, 4s4p$^5$4$\\ell$, and 4s4p$^5$5$\\ell$ configurations. Extensive configuration interaction has been included and the general-purpose relativistic atomic structure package ({\\sc grasp}) has been adopted for the calculations. Additionally, radiative rates are listed among these levels for all E1, E2, M1, and M2 transitions. From a comparison with the measurements, the majority of our energy levels are assessed to be accurate to better than 2\\%, although discrepancies between theory and experiment for a few are up to 6\\%. An accuracy assessment of the calculated radiative rates (and lifetimes) is more difficult, because no prior results exist for these ions.

  20. Inventory of Power Plants in the United States, October 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The Inventory of Power Plants in the United States is prepared annually by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA), US Department of Energy (DOE). The purpose of this publication is to provide year-end statistics about electric generating units operated by electric utilities in the United States (the 50 States and the District of Columbia). The publication also provides a 10-year outlook of future generating unit additions. Data summarized in this report are useful to a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. Data presented in this report were assembled and published by the EIA to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275) as amended. The report is organized into the following chapters: Year in Review, Operable Electric Generating Units, and Projected Electric Generating Unit Additions. Statistics presented in these chapters reflect the status of electric generating units as of December 31, 1992.