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1

LAKESHORE AVON BR ANT-EDEN ALD EN-LANC ASTER AU BURN W SH ELDON  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

81 81 § ¨ ¦ 81 LAKESHORE AVON BR ANT-EDEN ALD EN-LANC ASTER AU BURN W SH ELDON CALEDONIA HURON C REEK LEIC EST ER COL DEN ASH FORD INDIAN FALLS LAWTONS SAR DINIA RPD-037 -2 GLENWOOD PU LASKI PAVILION CON CORD COL LINS N ELM A ORC HARD PARK-H AMBU RG DANLEY CORNERS ST ILLWAT ER CHAFF EE-ARCAD E FAYETT E-WATERLOO LAKEVIEW JAVA SEN EC A W ELLER Y AU RORA E ZOAR BU FFALO TIOGA SILVER LAKE AKR ON ROM E RAT HBON E ALM A BET HANY WYOMING ULYSSES BR ANCH W SAN DY CREEK COL LINS BLOOMFIELD E LEBANON STATE LINE ALLEN CHUR CHVILLE BATH ATT ICA ELLI COT VILLE ROU LETT E BR ADFORD BU FFALO CREEK PEN N YAN N BEECH HILL-INDEPENDENC E GERRY-CH ARLOTTE STAGECOACH CHIPMUN K HEBRON VIN CENT BALD WI NSVILLE AKELEY OLEAN COWLESVILLE AN NIN SMET HPORT BR ADLEY BR OOK BU STI FIVE MILE BLOOMFIELD W SEN EC A FALLS NILE STAGECOACH LEWIS R UN BR ADFORD CAMDEN VAN ETT EN ROAN OKE SH ARON RICHBU RG FULTON N FINN EGAN H ILL TONAWANDA

2

ALD Nanosolutions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Logo: ALD Nanosolutions Name ALD Nanosolutions Address 580 E. Burbank Street, Unit 100 Place Broomfield, Colorado Zip 80020 Phone number (303) 318-4145 Website http:...

3

Stephenson Appointed ALD for Photon Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APS, Other DOE Labs Help Develop New Cancer Fighting Drug APS, Other DOE Labs Help Develop New Cancer Fighting Drug Paper on Fast Pharmaceuticals by APS Authors Featured in New Journal Art Scene Investigation: Picasso goes Nanotech Linda Young of APS Elected Vice Chair of DAMOP Moffat of BioCARS and U. of C. Receives 2011 ACA Patterson Award APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Stephenson Appointed ALD for Photon Sciences SEPTEMBER 7, 2011 Bookmark and Share Brian Stephenson Argonne National Laboratory Director Eric D. Isaacs announced today that Brian Stephenson has been appointed Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) for Photon Sciences, effective September 1, 2011. The directorate comprises three research and support divisions centered on Argonne's

4

Stephenson is Interim ALD for Photon Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Students at Argonne on the FaST Track to New Skills Students at Argonne on the FaST Track to New Skills How Did the Caterpillar Cross the Road? R&D 100 Awards for New X-ray Technologies In Nature: Fischetti on Minibeams Sidorowicz of AES Earns UChicago Argonne, LLC Board of Governors Outstanding Service Award for 2010 APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Stephenson is Interim ALD for Photon Sciences OCTOBER 1, 2010 Bookmark and Share G. Brian Stephenson Argonne Director Eric Isaacs has appointed G. Brian Stephenson as the Interim Associate Laboratory Director for Photon Sciences, effective Oct. 1, 2010. The text of Director Isaacs' announcement is below. Sept. 30, 2010 To: All employees From: Eric Isaacs, Argonne Director

5

Environment, Safety & Health Directorate Assistant Laboratory Director (ALD)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environment, Safety & Health Directorate Assistant Laboratory Director (ALD) Environmental Division (4) Matrixed from Safety & Health Services Division (5) Matrixed from Procurement & Property Procurement Support (5) D&D Manager Work Control Manager Safety & Health Manager (4) Facility Configuration

Homes, Christopher C.

6

Impact of ALD Coating on Mn-rich Cathode Materials (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

LG Chem Power Inc. (LGCPI) and NREL have collaborated to demonstrate the scalability of the atomic layer deposition (ALD) coating process over the last 6 months, and the benefits of ALD coatings for long-term cycling and calendar life are being quantified. The objectives of this work are two-fold: 1) to evaluate the scalability of the process to coat LGCPI cathodes with alumina using the ALD technique, and 2) to demonstrate improvements in rate capability and life of ALD-coated LGCPI electrodes. NREL received samples of baseline material to be coated from LGCPI. NREL carried out ALD coating of the samples with help from a subcontractor, ALD Nanosolutions. NREL fabricated cells from those samples for quick screening and feedback to ALD Nanosolutions. LGCPI is currently fabricating larger-format cells for further evaluation.

Santhanagopalan, S.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tectonic br Setting Host br Rock br Age Host br Rock br Lithology Tectonic br Setting Host br Rock br Age Host br Rock br Lithology Mean br Capacity Mean br Reservoir br Temp Amedee Geothermal Area Amedee Geothermal Area Walker Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Extensional Tectonics Mesozoic granite granodiorite MW K Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Extensional Tectonics MW K Blue Mountain Geothermal Area Blue Mountain Geothermal Area Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Extensional Tectonics triassic metasedimentary MW K Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Extensional Tectonics MW Coso Geothermal Area Coso Geothermal Area Walker Lane Transition Zone

8

Highly Transparent and Conducting ALD of Doped ZnO Thin Films ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and Conducting ALD of Doped ZnO Thin Films for TCO Applications Hybrid Aerogel/Nanorod Functional Materials for Energy and Sensing Applications.

9

Effects of Process Parameters of ALD on High-k Dielectric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to realize high performance nanoelectronic devices, it is required to build localized gate structures on a graphene layer. Atomic layer deposition (ALD) is...

10

U-17: Selective Area Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) with E-Beam ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, U-17: Selective Area Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) with E- Beam ... 3D Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs) for Li-Ion Battery Anode.

11

Properties of ALD HfTaxOy high-k layers deposited on chemical silicon oxide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HfTa"xO"y high-k dielectric layers with different compositions were deposited using ALD on 1nm SiO"2 generated by ozone based cleaning of 200mm Si(100) surface. Physical characterization of blanket layers and C-V mapping demonstrates that the ALD layers ...

C. Zhao; T. Witters; P. Breimer; J. Maes; M. Caymax; S. De Gendt

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

ALD Functionalized Nanoporous Gold: Thermal Stability, Mechanical Properties, and Catalytic Activity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Nanoporous metals have many technologically promising applications but their tendency to coarsen limits their long-term stability and excludes high temperature applications. Here, we demonstrate that atomic layer deposition (ALD) can be used to stabilize and functionalize nanoporous metals. Specifically, we studied the effect of nanometer-thick alumina and titania ALD films on thermal stability, mechanical properties, and catalytic activity of nanoporous gold (np-Au). Our results demonstrate that even only one-nm-thick oxide films can stabilize the nanoscale morphology of np-Au up to 1000 C, while simultaneously making the material stronger and stiffer. The catalytic activity of np-Au can be drastically increased by TiO{sub 2} ALD coatings. Our results open the door to high temperature sensor, actuator, and catalysis applications and functionalized electrodes for energy storage and harvesting applications.

Biener, M M; Biener, J; Wichmann, A; Wittstock, A; Baumann, T F; Baeumer, M; Hamza, A V

2011-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

13

ALD of Al2O3 for Highly Improved Performance in Li-Ion Batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Significant advances in energy density, rate capability and safety will be required for the implementation of Li-ion batteries in next generation electric vehicles. We have demonstrated atomic layer deposition (ALD) as a promising method to enable superior cycling performance for a vast variety of battery electrodes. The electrodes range from already demonstrated commercial technologies (cycled under extreme conditions) to new materials that could eventually lead to batteries with higher energy densities. For example, an Al2O3 ALD coating with a thickness of ~ 8 A was able to stabilize the cycling of unexplored MoO3 nanoparticle anodes with a high volume expansion. The ALD coating enabled stable cycling at C/2 with a capacity of ~ 900 mAh/g. Furthermore, rate capability studies showed the ALD-coated electrode maintained a capacity of 600 mAh/g at 5C. For uncoated electrodes it was only possible to observe stable cycling at C/10. Also, we recently reported that a thin ALD Al2O3 coating with a thickness of ~5 A can enable natural graphite (NG) electrodes to exhibit remarkably durable cycling at 50 degrees C. The ALD-coated NG electrodes displayed a 98% capacity retention after 200 charge-discharge cycles. In contrast, bare NG showed a rapid decay. Additionally, Al2O3 ALD films with a thickness of 2 to 4 A have been shown to allow LiCoO2 to exhibit 89% capacity retention after 120 charge-discharge cycles performed up to 4.5 V vs Li/Li+. Bare LiCoO2 rapidly deteriorated in the first few cycles. The capacity fade is likely caused by oxidative decomposition of the electrolyte at higher potentials or perhaps cobalt dissolution. Interestingly, we have recently fabricated full cells of NG and LiCoO2 where we coated both electrodes, one or the other electrode as well as neither electrode. In creating these full cells, we observed some surprising results that lead us to obtain a greater understanding of the ALD coatings. We have also recently coated a binder free LiNi0.04Mn0.04Co02O2 electrode containing 5 wt% single-walled carbon nanotubes as the conductive additive and demonstrated both high rate capability as well as the ability to cycle the cathode to 5 V vrs. Li/Li+. Finally, we coated a Celgard (TM) separator and enabled stable cycling in a high dielectric electrolyte. These results will be presented in detail.

Dillon, A.; Jung, Y. S.; Ban, C.; Riley, L.; Cavanagh, A.; Yan, Y.; George, S.; Lee, S. H.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Microsoft Word - HgAcBr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(AC-Br) (DARCO Hg- LH, Norit Americas Inc.) and brominated activated carbon fibers (ACF-Br) (Illinois State Geological Survey and University of Illinois). The AC-Br sorbents...

15

NOIJLVaiSINIWaV NOIlVlAldOdNI AOU3N3 Z661  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

61- 61- NOIJLVaiSINIWaV NOIlVlAldOdNI AOU3N3 Z661 This publication and other Energy Information Administration (EIA) publications may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. AH telephone orders should be directed to: U.S. Government Printing Office McPherson Square Bookstore 1510 H Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20005 (202)653-2050 FAX (202)376-5055 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., eastern time, M-F All mail orders should be directed to: Superintendent of Documents U.S. Government Printing Office Washington, DC 20402 (202)783-3238 FAX (202)512-2233 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., eastern time, M-F U.S. Government Printing Office c/o Mellon Bank P.O. Box 371954 Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954 Complimentary subscriptions and single issues are available to certain groups of subscribers, such

16

C-V characteristics of epitaxial germanium metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor on GaAs substrate with ALD Al2O3 dielectric  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Epitaxial germanium metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitors (MOSCAP) were fabricated on GaAs substrate using atomic layer deposited Al"2O"3 gate dielectric with surface treatments including pure HF and HF plus rapid thermal oxidation (RTO). The electrical ... Keywords: ALD Al2O3, CMOS integration, Ge MOSCAP, Ge epitaxial film, RTO

Shih Hsuan Tang; Chien I. Kuo; Hai Dang Trinh; Mantu Hudait; Edward Yi Chang; Ching Yi Hsu; Yung Hsuan Su; Guang-Li Luo; Hong Quan Nguyen

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

United States Renewable Energy Technical Potential <br>  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

United States Renewable Energy Technical Potential <br> 2012-07-03T20:56:33Z 2012-07-19T22:42:54Z I am submitting data from researchers within my organization. To complete the...

18

2012 NNIN ALD Symposium ALD Staff Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilization(%) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 #12;Maintenance Schedule · Oil Change ­ 6-12 months · Pump Change ­ 1" (mist filter) ­ Now pumps regular last at least a year before oil changes. #12;In-line Secondary-2 years · O-rings: Lid ­ Every 2-4 months · O-rings: Pump line ­ 12 months, as indicated by drifting up

19

Ultra-low-energy ion-beam-synthesis of Ge nanocrystals in thin ALD Al2O3 layers for memory applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Structural and electrical properties of ALD-grown 5 and 7nm-thick Al"2O"3 layers before and after implantation of Ge ions (1keV, 0.5-1x10^1^6 cm^-^2) and thermal annealing at temperatures in the 700-1050^oC range are reported. Transmission Electron Microscopy ... Keywords: Ge nanocrystals, Ion implantation, Nanocrystal memory

P. Dimitrakis; A. Mouti; C. Bonafos; S. Schamm; G. Ben Assayag; V. Ioannou-Sougleridis; B. Schmidt; J. Becker; P. Normand

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Electron sources utilizing thin CsBr coatings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present experimental results obtained in solid Cu targets coated with ~18nm thick CsBr films operating in a reflection mode. The results indicate a factor of 50X increase in quantum efficiency relative to uncoated Cu samples. The CsBr/Cu samples are ... Keywords: Alkali halides, CsBr, Electron sources, Free electron lasers, Multi electron beam tools, Photocathodes

Juan R. Maldonado; Zhi Liu; D. H. Dowell; Robert E. Kirby; Yun Sun; Piero Pianetta; Fabian Pease

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

High energy XeBr electric discharge laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high energy XeBr laser for producing coherent radiation at 282 nm. The XeBr laser utilizes an electric discharge as the excitation source to minimize formation of molecular ions thereby minimizing absorption of laser radiation by the active medium. Additionally, HBr is used as the halogen donor which undergoes harpooning reactions with Xe.sub.M * to form XeBr*.

Sze, Robert C. (Santa Fe, NM); Scott, Peter B. (Los Alamos, NM)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

CsBr/GaN Heterojunction Photoelectron Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental results on a new CsBr/GaN heterojunction photocathode structure are presented. The results indicate a fourfold improvement in photoyield relative to CsBr/Cr photocathodes. A model is presented based on intraband states in CsBr and electron injection from the GaN (with 1% addition of indium) substrate to explain the observed photoyield enhancement. The photocathode lifetime at high current density (>40 A/cm{sup 2}) is limited by laser heating of the small illuminated area. Calculations are presented for sapphire and diamond substrates, indicating a factor of 20 reduction in temperature for the latter. The results are encouraging for the realization of a high photoyield photocathode operating at high current density with long lifetime.

Maldonado, J.R.; /Stanford U., Elect. Eng. Dept.; Liu, Z.; Sun, Y.; /SLAC, SSRL; Schuetter, S.; /Wisconsin U., Madison; Pianetta, P.; /SLAC, SSRL; Pease, R.F.W.; /Stanford U., Elect. Eng. Dept.

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

23

Apparatus for improving the working time of the XeBr laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In XeBr lasers which make use of HBr as the source of bromine, it has been found that the working life of the laser is limited because of dissociation of the HBr in the lasing region to form H/sub 2/ and Br/sub 2/. Accordingly, apparatus is disclosed for substantially improving the working time of the XeBr laser wherein means are provided for recombining H/sub 2/ and Br/sub 2/ into HBr and for continuously circulating the gaseous working medium from the lasing region through the recombination region.

Sander, R.K.; Balog, G.; Seegmiller, E.T.

1980-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

24

Apparatus for improving the working time of the XeBr laser  

SciTech Connect

In XeBr lasers which make use of HBr as the source of bromine, it has been found that the working life of the laser is limited because of dissociation of the HBr in the lasing region to form H.sub.2 and Br.sub.2. Accordingly, apparatus is disclosed for substantially improving the working time of the XeBr laser wherein means are provided for recombining H.sub.2 and Br.sub.2 into HBr and for continuously circulating the gaseous working medium from the lasing region through the recombination region. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Sander, Robert K. (Los Alamos, MN); Balog, George (Los Alamos, MN); Seegmiller, Emma T. (Los Alamos, MN)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Performance of LiAlloy/Ag(2)CrO(4) Couples in Molten CsBr-LiBr-KBr Eutectic  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The performance of Li-alloy/CsBr-LiBr-KBr/Ag{sub 2}CrO{sub 4} systems was studied over a temperature range of 250 C to 300 C, for possible use as a power source for geothermal borehole applications. Single cells were discharged at current densities of 15.8 and 32.6 mA/cm{sup 2} using Li-Si and Li-Al anodes. When tested in 5-cell batteries, the Li-Si/CsBr-LiBr-KBr/Ag{sub 2}CrO{sub 4} system exhibited thermal runaway. Thermal analytical tests showed that the Ag{sub 2}CrO{sub 4} cathode reacted exothermically with the electrolyte on activation. Consequently, this system would not be practical for the envisioned geothermal borehole applications.

GUIDOTTI,RONALD A.; REINHARDT,FREDERICK W.

1999-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

26

Characterization of the LiSi/CsBr-LiBr-KBr/FeS(2) System for Potential Use as a Geothermal Borehole Power Source  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We are continuing to study the suitability of modified thermal-battery technology as a potential power source for geothermal borehole applications. Previous work focused on the LiSi/FeS{sub 2} couple over a temperature range of 350 C to 400 C with the LiBr-KBr-LiF eutectic, which melts at 324.5 C. In this work, the discharge processes that take place in LiSi/CsBr-LiBr-KBr eutectic/FeS{sub 2} thermal cells were studied at temperatures between 250 C and 400 C using pelletized cells with immobilized electrolyte. The CsBr-LiBr-KBr eutectic was selected because of its lower melting point (228.5 C). Incorporation of a quasi-reference electrode allowed the determination of the relative contribution of each electrode to the overall cell polarization. The results of single-cell tests and limited battery tests are presented, along with preliminary data for battery stacks tested in a simulated geothermal borehole environment.

GUIDOTTI, RONALD A.; REINHARDT, FREDERICK W.

1999-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

27

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - ALD Searches  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

will consider the following characteristics when evaluating candidates: Leadership skills and previous experience in similar role Strategic planning capabilities Understanding...

28

Selective Area ALD Deposition with Nanolithography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Well-defined nano-patterned surfaces after metal-oxide deposition will be ... Effect of Initial Microstructure on the Processing of Titanium Using Equal ... of Ferroelectric Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride-Trifluoroethylene) Copolymer Films ... Sonochemistry as a Tool for Synthesis of Ion-Substituted Calcium Phosphate Nanoparticles.

29

Br-rich Tips of Calcified Crab Claws are Less Hard but More Fracture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Br-rich Tips of Calcified Crab Claws are Br-rich Tips of Calcified Crab Claws are Less Hard but More Fracture Resistant: A Comparison of Mineralized and Heavy-element Biological Materials figure 1 Figure 1. The heavy element biomaterial is the darker material at the tip of the shore crab claws. Figure "b" shows the same claw as "a" but after bead blasting. The claw tips are less eroded by the bead blasting than surrounding calcified material, suggesting a greater resistance to chipping from impact. Scale bar: 2mm Invertebrates modify their jaws, claws, carapaces and other mechanical structures with a variety of inorganic materials. One of the best-known examples is the calcified cuticle of crabs. We have found that many crabs also employ an uncalcified bromine-rich biological material at the tips of

30

Investigation into Nanostructured Lanthanum Halides and CeBr{sub 3} for Nuclear Radiation Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This slide-show presents work on radiation detection with nanostructured lanthanum halides and CeBr{sub 3}. The goal is to extend the gamma energy response on both low and high-energy regimes by demonstrating the ability to detect low-energy x-rays and relatively high-energy activation prompt gamma rays simultaneously using the nano-structured lanthanum bromide, lanthanum fluoride, cerium bromide, or other nanocrystal material. Homogeneous and nano structure cases are compared.

Guss, P., Guise, R., Mukhopadhyay, S., Yuan, D.

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

31

Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region MW K Coso Geothermal Area Coso Geothermal Area Walker Lane...

32

Spin polarized current injection through HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi2212 intrinsic Josephson junctions.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To investigate the effect of polarized current on tunneling characteristics of intrinsic Josephson junctions (IJJs), spin-polarized and spin-degenerate current have been injected through the c-axis of HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi{sub 2.1}Sr{sub 1.5}Ca{sub 1.4}Cu{sub 2}O{sub 8+delta} (Bi2212) single crystals on which 10 times 10 mum{sup 2} mesas have been fabricated. These two spin conditions are achieved by depositing either Au (15 nm)/Co (80 nm)/Au (156 nm) multilayers or single Au film on HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi2212 with T{sub c} = 74 K followed by photolithography and Ar ion beam etching. The I-V characteristics have been measured with and without a magnetic field parallel to c-axis at 4.2 K. A fine, soft Au wire is used to make a gentle mechanical contact on the top of a particular mesa in the array. Tunneling conductance characteristics were obtained and the magnetic field dependence of sumgap voltage peaks was investigated. These peaks do not change in position with increasing magnetic field for both contact configurations. In addition, the temperature dependence of tunneling characteristics of the IJJs are obtained and existence of pseudogap feature is observed above T{sub c} for HgBr{sub 2} intercalated Bi2212.

Ozyuzer, L.; Kurter, C.; Ozdemir, M.; Zasadzinski, J. F.; Gray, K. E.; Hinks, D. G. (Materials Science Division); (Izmir Inst. of Tech.); (Illinois Inst. of Tech.)

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Measurement of ratio R = (BR(D{sup 0}{yields}K{pi}{pi}{pi})/BR(D{sup 0}{yields}K{pi})) in {pi}{sup -}-Nucleus interactions at 500 GeV/c  

SciTech Connect

We report a very preliminary result on the measurement of the ratio of branching ratios, for two decays D{sup 0} meson, R = (BR(D{sup 0}{yields}K{pi}{pi}{pi})/BR(D{sup 0}{yields}K{pi})), using data from the E791 experiment. We find R = 1.96{+-}0.0286 (stat){+-}0.06 (sys). This is in agreement with and of similar precision to the current PDG average value 1.97{+-}0.09.

Solano Salinas, C. J. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria (Peru); CINVESTAV Merida (Mexico); Paucarchuco, C. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria (Peru); Fernandez, A. [Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla (Mexico); Sheaff, M. [University of Wisconsin (United States)

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

34

Vibrational, rotational, and isotopic dependence of CaBr X/sup 2/. sigma. spin-rotational and HFS parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The previously published molecular-beam, laser-rf, double-resonance study of the rotational and isotopic dependences of the spin-rotational and hyperfine interactions in the v'' = 0, X/sup 2/..sigma.. state of CaBr is supplemented here with data for v''=1. The vibrational dependence of the parameters is now obtained. The results for CaBr are displayed along with analogous, previously published results for CaF and CaCl.

Childs, W.J.; Cok, D.R.; Goodman, L.S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Spin density distribution in CrCl/sub 3/ and CrBr/sub 3/  

SciTech Connect

The magnetization distribution in the layered ionic compounds CrCl/sub 3/ and CrBr/sub 3/ has been studied using polarized neutron diffraction. The results show that in both compounds approx. 20% of the magnetic moment is not located in 3d- like orbitals centered on the chromium ions. This reduction of the 3d moment sets a lower limit (A/sub ..pi..//sup 2/ > .04) on the square of the covalent admixture parameter. The spatial distribution of the delocalized moment has been studied by Fourier techniques which indicate a significant moment density between chromium ions in the chromium layers.

Brown, P.J.; Ziebeck, K.R.A.; Radhakrishna, P.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Operation features of a longitudinal-capacitive-discharge-pumped CuBr laser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The frequency and energy characteristics of a capacitive-discharge-pumped CuBr laser are investigated. Processes proceeding in the discharge circuit of lasers pumped in this way, in particular, pumped without an external storage capacitor are analysed. It is shown that, depending on the pumping circuit, laser levels are excited either during the charge current flow or during the discharge of electrode capacitances. The differences in the influence of the active HBr addition on the characteristics of the discharge and lasing compared to the case of a usual repetitively pulsed high-current discharge with internal electrodes are established. (lasers)

Gubarev, F A; Shiyanov, D V [V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Evtushenko, Gennadii S [Tomsk Polytechnical University, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Sukhanov, V B

2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

37

Investigation into Nanostructured Lanthanum Halides and CeBr3 for Nuclear Radiation Detection  

SciTech Connect

Nanocomposites may enable the use of scintillator materials such as cerium-doped lanthanum fluoride (LaF3:Ce) and cerium bromide (CeBr3) without requiring the growth of large crystals [1]. Nanostructured detectors may allow us to engineer immensely sized detectors of flexible form factors that will have a broad energy range and an energy resolution sufficient to perform isotopic identification. Furthermore, nanocomposites are easy to prepare and very low in cost. It is much less costly to use nanocomposites rather than grow large whole crystals of scintillator materials; with nanocomposites fabricated on an industrial scale, costs are even less. Nanostructured radiation scintillator detectors may improve quantum efficiency and provide vastly improved detector form factors. Quantum efficiencies up to 60% have been seen in photoluminescence from silicon nanocrystals in a densely-packed ensemble [2]. We have fabricated nanoparticles with sizes <10 nm and characterized their nanocomposite radiation detector properties. This work investigates the properties of the nanostructured radiation scintillator in order to extend the gamma energy response on both low- and high-energy regimes by demonstrating the ability to detect low-energy x-rays and relatively high-energy activation prompt gamma rays simultaneously using nanostructured lanthanum bromide, lanthanum fluoride, or CeBr3. Preliminary results of this investigation are consistent with a significant response of these materials to nuclear radiation.

Guss, P. P., Guise, R., Mukhopadhyay, S., Yuan, D.

2011-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

38

The impact of water flow configuration on crystallisation in LiBr/H2O absorption water heater  

SciTech Connect

Lithium Bromide (LiBr) strong solution entering the absorber tends to crystallise when the absorber temperature is increased for a fixed evaporating pressure. This is considered the key technical barrier for the development of a LiBr absorption heat pump water heater. There are several approaches to avoid the crystallisation problem, such as chemical crystallisation inhibitors, heat and mass transfer enhancement and thermodynamic cycle modification. This paper investigates and compares two flow configurations of LiBr absorption heat pump water heater to evaluate the allowable operating conditions for each. The simulation results indicated that introducing the process water through the absorber first results in lower absorber temperature and hence less tendency for crystallisation.

Wang, Kai [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

LiCl Dehumidifier LiBr absorption chiller hybrid air conditioning system with energy recovery  

SciTech Connect

This invention relates to a hybrid air conditioning system that combines a solar powered LiCl dehumidifier with a LiBr absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier removes the latent load by absorbing moisture from the air, and the sensible load is removed by the absorption chiller. The desiccant dehumidifier is coupled to a regenerator and the desiccant in the regenerator is heated by solar heated hot water to drive the moisture therefrom before being fed back to the dehumidifier. The heat of vaporization expended in the desiccant regenerator is recovered and used to partially preheat the driving fluid of the absorption chiller, thus substantially improving the overall COP of the hybrid system.

Ko, Suk M. (Huntsville, AL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Robust CsBr/Cu Photocathodes for the Linac Coherent Light Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linac coherent light source (LCLS), an x-ray free-electron laser project presently under construction at SLAC, uses a 2.856 GHz rf photocathode gun with a copper cathode for its electron source. While the copper cathode is performing well for the LCLS project, a cathode material with higher quantum efficiency would reduce the drive laser requirements and allow a greater range of operating conditions. Therefore a robust CsBr/Cu photocathode with greater than 50 times the quantum yield at 257 nm relative to the present LCLS copper cathode has been investigated. Preliminary experiments using a dedicated electron source development test stand at SLAC/SSRL are encouraging and are presented in this paper.

Maldonado, Juan R.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Liu, Zhi; Dowell, D.H.; Kirby, Robert E.; Sun, Yun; Pianetta, Piero; /SLAC; Pease, Fabian; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Comparison of LaBr3:Ce and NaI(Tl) Scintillators for Radio-Isotope Identification Devices  

SciTech Connect

Lanthanum halide (LaBr3:Ce) scintillators offer significantly better resolution (<3 percent at 662 kilo-electron volt [keV]) relative to sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) and have recently become commercially available in sizes large enough for the hand-held radio-isotope identification device (RIID) market. There are drawbacks to lanthanum halide detectors, however. These include internal radioactivity that contributes to spectral counts and a low-energy response that can cause detector resolution to be lower than that of NaI(Tl) below 100 keV. To study the potential of this new material for RIIDs, we performed a series of measurements comparing a 1.5?1.5 inch LaBr?3:Ce detector with an Exploranium GR 135 RIID, which contains a 1.5-2.2 inch NaI(Tl) detector. Measurements were taken for short time frames, as typifies RIID usage. Measurements included examples of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM), typically found in cargo, and special nuclear materials. Some measurements were noncontact, involving short distances or cargo shielding scenarios. To facilitate direct comparison, spectra from the different detectors were analyzed with the same isotope identification software (ORTEC ScintiVision TM). In general, the LaBr3:Ce detector was able to find more peaks and find them faster than the NaI(Tl) detector. To the same level of significance, the LaBr3:Ce detector was usually two to three times faster. The notable exception was for 40K containing NORM where interfering internal contamination in the LaBr3:Ce detector exist. NaI(Tl) consistently outperformed LaBr3:Ce for this important isotope. LaBr3:Ce currently costs much more than NaI(Tl), though this cost-difference is expected to diminish (but not completely) with time. As is true of all detectors, LaBr3:Ce will need to be gain-stabilized for RIID applications. This could possibly be done using the internal contaminants themselves. It is the experience of the authors that peak finding software in RIIDs needs to be improved, regardless of the detector material.

Milbrath, Brian D.; Choate, Bethany J.; Fast, Jim E.; Hensley, Walter K.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Schweppe, John E.

2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

42

Response of a LaBr3(Ce) Detector to 2-11 MeV Gamma Rays  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The development of lanthanum halide scintillation detectors has great potential application in field-portable prompt-gamma neutron activation analysis systems. Because the low-energy response of these detectors has already been well-characterized [1[-[2], we have measured their response to higher energy gamma rays in the region between 2 and 11 MeV. We have measured the response of a 2-inch (5.08 cm) by 2-inch long LaBr3(Ce) detector to high energy gamma rays produced by neutron interactions on chlorine, hydrogen, iron, nitrogen, phosphorous, and sulfur. The response of the LaBr3(Ce) detector is compared to that of HPGe and NaI(Tl) detectors.

Not Available

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Fluid mixing during deposition of bedded-replacement (BR) deposits in the Illinois-Kentucky fluorspar district  

SciTech Connect

The Illinois-Kentucky(IK) district is unusual by comparison to other Mississippi Valley-type (MVT) districts in the central US in that it contains fluorspar mineralization primarily, with subordinate quantities of base metals. This mineralization occurs as vein, BR, and breccia-hosted deposits. A clearly discernible paragenetic sequence of color banded fluorite sulfides, carbonates, and sulfates is present in BR deposits in three sub-districts: Cave-in-Rock, Harris Creek, and Carrsville. Homogenization temperatures (T[sub b]) and salinities of fluids in fluorite show that BR deposits formed from at least three fluids, a lower temperature-higher salinity connate fluid (F1) and a higher temperature-lower salinity connate fluid (F2) that mixed at the site of deposition. These fluids were followed by a lower temperature-lower salinity meteoric dominated fluid (F3). The involvement of two distinct regional fluids: a lower temperature, more-saline fluid, and a warmer, less-saline fluid, during mineralization of MVT deposits has previously been recognized for Pb-Zn deposits in southeast Missouri (Shelton et al., 1992), and east Tennessee (Zimmerman and Kesler, 1981; Taylor et al. 1983).

Spry, P.G.; Fuhrmann, G.D. (Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Geological Atmospheric Sciences)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Photochemistry in a dense manifold of electronic states: Photodissociation of CH{sub 2}ClBr  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report electronically nonadiabatic dynamics calculations including spin-orbit coupling for the photodissociation of CH{sub 2}ClBr to yield Cl({sup 2}P{sub 3/2}), Cl({sup 2}P{sub 1/2}), Br({sup 2}P{sub 3/2}), and Br({sup 2}P{sub 1/2}). The potential energy is a 24 Multiplication-Sign 24 matrix (divided up here into four 6 Multiplication-Sign 6 blocks in a first approximation to the problem), in a spin-coupled fully diabatic representation obtained by combining the spin-free fourfold way with single-center spin-orbit coupling constants. The spin-free calculations are carried out by multiconfiguration quasidegenerate perturbation theory, and the fully diabatic potentials including spin-orbit coupling are fit to a matrix reactive force field. The dynamics are carried out by the coherent switches with decay of mixing method in the diabatic representation. The results show qualitative agreement with experiment.

Valero, Rosendo [Department of Chemistry, University of Coimbra, Coimbra (Portugal); Truhlar, Donald G. [Department of Chemistry and Supercomputing Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455-0431 (United States)

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

45

Nanostructured Lanthanum Halides and CeBr3 for Nuclear Radiation and Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scintillator materials are used to detect, and in some cases identify, gamma rays. Higher performance scintillators are expensive, hard to manufacture, fragile, and sometimes require liquid nitrogen or cooling engines. But whereas lower-quality scintillators are cheap, easy to manufacture, and more rugged, their performance is lower. At issue: can the desirable qualities of high-and low-performance scintillators be combined to achieve better performance at lower cost? Preliminary experiments show that a LaF{sub 3}:Ce oleic acid-based nanocomposite exhibits a photopeak when exposed to {sup 137}Cs source gamma-radiation. The chemical synthesis of the cerium-doped lanthanum halide nanoparticles are scalable and large quantities of material can be produced at a time, unlike typical crystal growth processes such as the Bridgeman process. Using a polymer composite (Figure 1), produced by LANL, initial measurements of the unloaded and 8% LaF{sub 3}:Ce-loaded sample have been made using {sup 137}Cs sources. Figure 2 shows an energy spectrum acquired for CeF{sub 3}. The lighter plot is the measured polymer-only spectrum and the black plot is the spectrum from the nanocomposite scintillator. As the development of this material continues, the energy resolution is expected to improve and the photopeak-to-Compton ratio will become greater at higher loadings. These measurements show the expected Compton edge in the polymer-only sample, and the Compton edge and photo-peak expected in the nanophosphor composites that LANL has produced. Using a porous VYCORR with CdSe/ZnS core shell quantum dots, Letant has demonstrated that he has obtained signatures of the 241Am photopeak with energy resolution as good at NaI (Figure 3). We begin with the fact that CeBr{sub 3} crystals do not have a self-activity component as strong as the lanthanum halides. The radioactive 0.090% {sup 138}La component of lanthanum leads to significant self-activity, which will be a problem for very large detector volumes. Yet a significant strength of the nanostructure detector concept is the ability to create extremely large detector volumes by mixing nanoparticles into a transparent matrix. This would argue for use of nanoparticles other than lanthanum halides. Nanocomposites are easy to prepare; it is much less costly to use nanocomposites than to grow large whole crystals of these materials. The material can be fabricated at an industrial scale, further reducing cost. This material potentially offers the performance of $300/cc material (e.g., lanthanum bromide) at a cost of $1/cc. Because the material acts as a plastic, it is rugged and flexible, and can be made in large sheets, increasing the sensitivity of a detector using it. It would operate at ambient temperatures. Very large volumes of detector may be produced at greatly reduced cost, enhancing the non-proliferation posture of the nation for the same dollar value.

Paul Guss, Sanjoy Mukhopadhyay, Ron Guise, Ding Yuan

2010-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

46

Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) Preparation of Noble Metal Catalysts  

4740 Walnut Street Suite 100 ... activated by UV light and break bonds in the contaminant to make it non-toxic. TiO 2 provides many benefits in use, ...

47

Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) Preparation of Noble Metal ...  

Electricity Transmission; Energy Analysis; Energy Storage; ... as particle distribution within the substrate and on the surface of complex substrates ...

48

Multilayer ALD Coating of Light Water Reactor Zirconium Alloy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The accident at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant raised concerns about nuclear reactors safety. The plant experienced an accident in...

49

Microsoft Word - SSRL_ALD_Job_Description_052813.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) Director SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, multi-program laboratory operated...

50

Microsoft Word - LCLS_ ALD_ Job_ Description_052813.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) Director SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, multi-program laboratory operated by Stanford...

51

Argonne in the marketplace: Microchannel plates with ALD | Argonne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

based on atomic layer deposition techniques are available for licensing from Argonne. If you're interested in licensing, please contact partners@anl.gov or visit...

52

Characterization of ALD Beryllium Oxide as a Potential High-? Gate ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Elements of Power Conversion Integration in Group-III Nitride Heterojunctions Fabrication of PLZT Dielectric Films for Power Inverters in Electric Drive Vehicles.

53

Photoelectron imaging of atomic chlorine and bromine following photolysis of CH{sub 2}BrCl  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photoionization of chlorine and bromine atoms following photodissociation of CH{sub 2}BrCl was studied in the wavelength range of 231-238 nm by photoelectron imaging technique. Final state-specific speed and angular distributions of the photoelectron were recorded. Analysis of relative branching ratios to different levels of Cl{sup +} and Br{sup +} revealed that the final ion level distributions are generally dominated by the preservation of the ion-core configuration of the intermediate resonant state. Some J{sub c} numbers of the intermediate states were newly assigned according to this regulation. The configuration interaction between resonant states and the autoionization in the continuum were also believed to play an important role in the ionization process since some ions that deviate from the regulation mentioned ahead were observed. The angular distributions of the electrons were found to be well characterized by {beta}{sub 2} and {beta}{sub 4}, although the ionization process of chlorine and bromine atoms involves three photons.

Hua Linqiang; Shen Huan; Hu Changjin; Zhang Bing [State Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance and Atomic and Molecular Physics, Wuhan Institute of Physics and Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071 (China) and Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China)

2008-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

54

Modification of LiCl-LiBr-KBr electrolyte for LiAl/FeS{sub 2} batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The bipolar LiAl/FeS{sub 2} battery is being developed to achieve the high performance and long cycle life needed for electric vehicle application. The molten-salt (400 to 440 C operation) electrolyte composition for this battery has evolved to support these objectives. An earlier change to LiCl-LiBr-KBr electrolyte is responsible for significantly increased cycle life (up to 1,000 cycles). Recent electrolyte modification has significantly improved cell performance; approximately 50% increased power, with increased high rate capacity utilization. Results are based on power-demanding EV driving profile test at 600 W/kg. The effects of adding small amounts (1--5 mol%) of LiF and LiI to LiCl-LiBr-KBr electrolyte are discussed. By cyclic voltammetry, the modified electrolytes exhibit improved FeS{sub 2} electrochemistry. Electrolyte conductivity is little changed, but high current density (200 mA/cm{sup 2}) performance improved by approximately 50%. A specific feature of the LiI addition is an enhanced cell overcharge tolerance rate from 2.5 to 5 mA/cm{sup 2}. The rate of overcharge tolerance is related to electrolyte properties and negative electrode lithium activity. As a result, the charge balancing of a bipolar battery configuration with molten-salt electrolyte is improved to accept greater cell-to-cell deviations.

Kaun, T.D.; Jansen, A.N.; Henriksen, G.L.; Vissers, D.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemical Technology Div.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Simulation and performance comparison of LiBr/H{sub 2}O triple-effect absorption cycles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Performance simulation has been carried out for several LiBr/H2O triple-effect cycles using the Absorption Simulation Model (ABSIM) . The systems investigated include the three-condenser-three-desorber (3C3D) cycle, forming an extension of the conventional double-effect cycle; and two cycles which additionally recover heat from the hot condensate leaving the highest temperature condenser by adding the heat to the lowest temperature desorber. These latter two cycles are called Double Condenser Coupled (DCC) cycles since each uses heat recovered from the highest temperature refrigerant to heat both the middle temperature desorber (heat of condensation) and the lowest temperature desorber (by further subcooling the condensed refrigerant), hence the ``double-coupling``. ABSIM, a modular computer code for simulation of absorption systems, was used to investigate the performances of each of the cycles and compare them on an equivalent basis. The performance simulation was carried out over a range of operating conditions, including some investigation into the influence of varying particular design parameters. Cooling coefficients of performance ranging from 1.27 for the series-flow 3C3D to 1.73 for the parallel-flow DCC have been calculated at the design point. Relative merits of these LiBr/H20 triple-effect cycle configurations are discussed.

DeVault, R.C. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Grossman, G.; Wilk, M. [Technion-Israel Inst. of Tech., Haifa (Israel). Faculty of Mechanical Engineering

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

The Synergism Between Heat and Mass Transfer Additive and Advanced Surfaces in Aqueous LiBr Horizontal Tube Absorbers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments were conducted in a laboratory to investigate the absorption of water vapor into a falling-film of aqueous lithium bromide (LiBr). A mini-absorber test stand was used to test smooth tubes and a variety of advanced tube surfaces placed horizontally in a single-row bundle. The bundle had six copper tubes; each tube had an outside diameter of 15.9-mm and a length of 0.32-m. A unique feature of the stand is its ability to operate continuously and support testing of LiBr brine at mass fractions {ge} 0.62. The test stand can also support testing to study the effect of the failing film mass flow rate, the coolant mass flow rate, the coolant temperature, the absorber pressure and the tube spacing. Manufacturers of absorption chillers add small quantities of a heat and mass transfer additive to improve the performance of the absorbers. The additive causes surface stirring which enhances the transport of absorbate into the bulk of the film. Absorption may also be enhanced with advanced tube surfaces that mechanically induce secondary flows in the falling film without increasing the thickness of the film. Several tube geometry's were identified and tested with the intent of mixing the film and renewing the interface with fresh solution from the tube wall. Testing was completed on a smooth tube and several different externally enhanced tube surfaces. Experiments were conducted over the operating conditions of 6.5 mm Hg absorber pressure, coolant temperatures ranging from 20 to 35 C and LiBr mass fractions ranging from 0.60 through 0.62. Initially the effect of tube spacing was investigated for the smooth tube surface, tested with no heat and mass transfer additive. Test results showed the absorber load and the mass absorbed increased as the tube spacing increased because of the improved wetting of the tube bundle. However, tube spacing was not a critical factor if heat and mass transfer additive was active in the mini-absorber. The additive dramatically affected the hydrodynamics of the falling film and a droplet flow regime was evident for testing at all tube spacings. The mechanical mixing of the advanced surfaces increased the mass transfer to about 75% of that observed on a smooth tube bundle, tested with heat and mass transfer additive. Testing with heat and mass transfer additive and advanced surfaces demonstrated a synergistic effect which doubled the mass absorbed from that observed with only the advanced surface. The overall film-side heat transfer coefficient for the advanced tube bundles doubled with the addition of 500-wppm of 2-ethyl-1- hexanol.

Miller, W.A.

1999-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

57

Incoherent interplane conductivity of {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interplane optical spectrum of the organic superconductor {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br was investigated in the frequency range from 40 to 40 000 cm{sup -1}. The optical conductivity was obtained by Kramers-Kronig analysis of the reflectance. The absence of a Drude peak at low frequency is consistent with incoherent conductivity but in apparent contradiction to the metallic temperature dependence of the dc resistivity. We set an upper limit to the interplane transfer integral of t{sub b}{sup 2}/t{sub ac}{approx}10{sup -7} eV. A model of defect-assisted interplane transport can account for this discrepancy. We also assign the phonon lines in the conductivity to the asymmetric modes of the BEDT-TTF molecule.

McGuire, J. J.; Room, T.; Pronin, A.; Timusk, T.; Schlueter, J. A.; Kelly, M. E.; Kini, A. M.

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Anisotropic thermopower of the organic superconductor. kappa. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermopower of the organic superconductor {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br single crystals has been measured in two crystallographic directions {bold a} and {bold c} within the most conducting organic donor molecule plane. (Here BEDT-TTF represents bis(ethylenethio)-tetrathiafulvalene.) While the thermopower in the {bold a} direction is positive, the thermopower in the {bold c} direction is negative. The drastic anisotropy in thermopower reveals that the carriers in the {bold a} direction are holelike, whereas the carriers in the {bold c} direction are electronlike. A calculation based on the tight-binding electronic band structure is able to describe the temperature dependence of the anisotropic thermopower, but with a much reduced band dispersion.

Yu, R.C. (Department of Physics and Material Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois (USA)); Williams, J.M.; Wang, H.H.; Thompson, J.E.; Kini, A.M.; Carlson, K.D. (Chemistry and Materials Science Divisions, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois (USA)); Ren, J.; Whangbo, M. (Department of Chemistry, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina (USA)); Chaikin, P.M. (Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (USA) Exxon Research and Engineering Company, Annandale, New Jersey (USA))

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Hyperfine and spin--rotational structure of CaBr X /sup 2/. sigma. (v = 0) by molecular-beam laser-rf double resonance  

SciTech Connect

The molecular-beam, laser--rf, double-resonance technique has been used to make high-precision measurements of the spin--rotation and hyperfine interactions in the X /sup 2/..sigma.. (v = 0) electronic ground state of Ca/sup 79/Br and Ca/sup 81/Br. The spin--rotation interaction is found to have a strong N dependence. The Frosch--Foley magnetic hyperfine parameters b and c and the electric--quadrupole hfs parameter eqQ are determined for both molecules.

Childs, W.J.; Cok, D.R.; Goodman, G.L.; Goodman, L.S.

1981-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses that were the focus of her studies, but it was the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses like Introduction to Art History and The Near East from Alexander to Muhammad," she said. "In Pakistan at an orphanage in Mexico. Looking ahead, Ayesha intends to earn her medical degree and work in rural Pakistan. "I

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Two interesting features in the infrared and raman spectra of the 12K organic superconductor {chi}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

SciTech Connect

Two of the larger features in the infrared conductivity spectra of {chi}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br are analyzed and one is reassigned with the aid of infrared and Raman spectra of isotopically substituted compounds.

Eldridge, J.E.; Xie, Y. [British Columbia Univ., Vancouver, BC (Canada). Dept. of Physics; Wang, H.H.; Williams, J.M.; Kini, A.M.; Schlueter, J.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

62

Marker-Assisted Verification of Hybrids in Pearl Millet-Napiergrass (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] R. Br. x Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marker-Assisted Verification of Hybrids in Pearl Millet-Napiergrass (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] R. Br. x Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.). (December 2011) Charlie D. Dowling, III, B.S., College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Russell W. Jessup A high-biomass perennial grass that is directly seeded using existing farm equipment can reduce both planting and overall input costs. Three cytoplasmic male-sterile cms A-lines and four fertile genotypes of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum [L.] R. Br.) and one novel pearl millet selection from the Perennial Grass Breeding Program at Texas A&M University were selected to cross with napiergrass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.). The pearl millet parents were chosen based on characteristics such as basal tillering, plant height, and days to anthesis. Three napiergrass accessions from the Perennial Grass Breeding Program and the cultivar Merkeron were used as pollinators for these crosses. The cms and fertile pearl millet accessions produced full heads of seed when pollinated with napiergrass. There were a large range of seed sizes and weights for each hybrid family, and the seed were separated into four size classes. The weight differences from the largest to smallest class of seed varied by more than 30%. All of the seed classes germinated, and seed size, in this case, was completely unrelated to the ability to germinate. 100% germination was observed in five seed size classes for both PMN iv hybrids, and 90% germination was observed in three of the eight classes. Essentially all of the hybrid seed recovered from the original pearl millet x napiergrass crosses germinated, but all of the F 1 hybrids were sterile in that none of them produced viable seed. Flow cytometry could not be used to identify the hybrids because the DNA content of pearl millet and napiergrass were essentially the same even though distinct 2C and 4C peaks were seen from the diploid pearl millet. From the 58 EST-SSRs surveyed in the bulked segregate analysis, several were heterozygous dominant and many were homozygous dominant and hemizygous at its particular loci. Seven hemizygous EST-SSRs were identified for Merkeron, seven for PEPU09FL01, eight for PEPU09FL02, and six for PEPU09FL03. These markers are extremely valuable to any pearl millet x napiergrass hybridization program because they provide a means whereby the hybrids can be easily identified. Identification of hemizygous pearl millet markers will also assist in future DNA sequencing and also in a marker-assisted breeding program.

Dowling, Charlie

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal br Resource br Area Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region MW K Coso Geothermal Area Coso Geothermal Area Walker Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Pull Apart in Strike Slip Fault Zone Mesozoic Granitic MW K Dixie Valley Geothermal Area Dixie Valley Geothermal Area Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region Stepover or Relay Ramp in Normal Fault Zones major range front fault Jurassic Basalt MW K Geysers Geothermal Area Geysers Geothermal Area Holocene Magmatic Geothermal Region Pull Apart in Strike Slip Fault Zone intrusion margin and associated fractures MW K Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area Walker Lane Transition Zone Geothermal Region Displacement Transfer Zone Caldera Margin Quaternary Rhyolite MW K

64

Simulation and performance analysis of basic GAX and advanced GAX cycles with ammonia/water and ammonia/water/LiBr absorption fluids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The generator-absorber heat exchange (GAX) and branched GAX cycles are generally considered with NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O as their working fluid. The potential consequences of using a ternary mixture of NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O/LiBr (advanced fluids) in the GAX and Branched GAX (advanced cycles) are discussed in this study. A modular steady state absorption simulation model(ABSIM) was used to investigate the potential of combining the above advanced cycles with the advanced fluids. ABSIM is capable of modeling varying cycle configurations with different working fluids. Performance parameters of the cycles, including coefficient of performance (COP) and heat duties, were investigated as functions of different operating parameters in the cooling mode for both the NH {sub 3}/H{sub 2}O binary and the NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O/LiBr ternary mixtures. High performance potential of GAX and branched GAX cycles using the NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O/LiBr ternary fluid mixture was achieved especially at the high range of firing temperatures exceeding 400{degrees}F. The cooling COP`s have been improved by approximately 21% over the COP achieved with the NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O binary mixtures. These results show the potential of using advanced cycles with advanced fluid mixtures (ternary or quaternary fluid mixtures).

Zaltash, A.; Grossman, G.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Photoelectron spectroscopy of higher bromine and iodine oxide anions: Electron affinities and electronic structures of BrO2,3 and IO2-4 radicals.  

SciTech Connect

This report details a photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) investigation on electron affinities (EAs) and electronic structures of several atmospherically relevant higher bromine and iodine oxide molecules in the gas phase. PES spectra of BrO{sub 2}{sup -} and IO{sub 2}{sup -} were recorded at 12 K and four photon energies--355 nm/3.496 eV, 266 nm/4.661 eV, 193 nm/6.424 eV, and 157 nm/7.867 eV--while BrO{sub 3}{sup -}, IO{sub 3}{sup -}, and IO{sub 4}{sup -} were studied at 193 and 157 nm only due to their expected high electron binding energies. Spectral features corresponding to transitions from the anion ground state to the ground and excited states of the neutral are unraveled and resolved for each species. For the first time, EAs of these bromine and iodine oxides are experimentally determined (except for IO{sub 2}) to be 2.515 {+-} 0.010 (BrO{sub 2}), 2.575 {+-} 0.010 (IO{sub 2}), 4.60 {+-} 0.05 (BrO{sub 3}), 4.70 {+-} 0.05 (IO{sub 3}), and 6.05 {+-} 0.05 eV (IO{sub 4}). Three low-lying excited states with their respective excitation energies are obtained for BrO{sub 2} [1.69 (A {sup 2}B2), 1.79 (B {sup 2}A{sub 1}), 1.99 eV (C {sup 2}A{sub 2})], BrO{sub 3} [0.7 (A {sup 2}A{sub 2}), 1.6 (B {sup 2}E), 3.1 eV (C {sup 2}E)], and IO{sub 3} [0.60 (A {sup 2}A{sub 2}), 1.20 (B {sup 2}E), {approx}3.0 eV (C {sup 2}E)], whereas six excited states of IO{sub 2} are determined with the respective excitation energies of 1.63 (A {sup 2}B{sub 2}), 1.73 (B {sup 2}A{sub 1}), 1.83 (C {sup 2}A{sub 2}), 4.23 (D {sup 2}A{sub 1}), 4.63 (E {sup 2}B{sub 2}), and 5.23 eV (F {sup 2}B{sub 1}). Periodate possesses a very high electron binding energy. Only one excited state feature with 0.95 eV excitation energy is shown in the 157 nm spectrum. The obtained EAs and low-lying excited state information are compared with available theoretical calculations and discussed with their atmospheric implications.

Wen, Hui; Hou, Gaolei; Huang, Wei; Govind, Niranjan; Wang, Xue B.

2011-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

66

{sup 13}C NMR line-shape studies of the organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

SciTech Connect

The authors report {sup 13}C NMR line position, line shape, and spin-spin relaxation rate data for the quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br ({ital T}{sub {ital c}}=11.6 K), for an aligned single crystal. The data make possible identification of the crystallographic site responsible for the NMR lines, clarify a line broadening transition near 150 K, and probe the nature of the fluxoid lattice below {ital T}{sub {ital c}}. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

De Soto, S.M.; Slichter, C.P. [Department of Physics and Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801-3080 (United States); Kini, A.M.; Wang, H.H.; Geiser, U.; Williams, J.M. [Chemistry and Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Design and experimental testing of the performance of an outdoor LiBr/H{sub 2}O solar thermal absorption cooling system with a cold store  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A domestic-scale prototype experimental solar cooling system has been developed based on a LiBr/H{sub 2}O absorption system and tested during the 2007 summer and autumn months in Cardiff University, UK. The system consisted of a 12 m{sup 2} vacuum tube solar collector, a 4.5 kW LiBr/H{sub 2}O absorption chiller, a 1000 l cold storage tank and a 6 kW fan coil. The system performance, as well as the performances of the individual components in the system, were evaluated based on the physical measurements of the daily solar radiation, ambient temperature, inlet and outlet fluid temperatures, mass flow rates and electrical consumption by component. The average coefficient of thermal performance (COP) of the system was 0.58, based on the thermal cooling power output per unit of available thermal solar energy from the 12 m{sup 2} Thermomax DF100 vacuum tube collector on a hot sunny day with average peak insolation of 800 W/m{sup 2} (between 11 and 13.30 h) and ambient temperature of 24 C. The system produced an electrical COP of 3.6. Experimental results prove the feasibility of the new concept of cold store at this scale, with chilled water temperatures as low as 7.4 C, demonstrating its potential use in cooling domestic scale buildings. (author)

Agyenim, Francis; Knight, Ian; Rhodes, Michael [The Welsh School of Architecture, Bute Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF10 3NB Wales (United Kingdom)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

68

Estimation of steady-state and transcient power distributions for the RELAP analyses of the 1963 loss-of-flow and loss-of-pressure tests at BR2.  

SciTech Connect

To support the safety analyses required for the conversion of the Belgian Reactor 2 (BR2) from highly-enriched uranium (HEU) to low-enriched uranium (LEU) fuel, the simulation of a number of loss-of-flow tests, with or without loss of pressure, has been undertaken. These tests were performed at BR2 in 1963 and used instrumented fuel assemblies (FAs) with thermocouples (TC) imbedded in the cladding as well as probes to measure the FAs power on the basis of their coolant temperature rise. The availability of experimental data for these tests offers an opportunity to better establish the credibility of the RELAP5-3D model and methodology used in the conversion analysis. In order to support the HEU to LEU conversion safety analyses of the BR2 reactor, RELAP simulations of a number of loss-of-flow/loss-of-pressure tests have been undertaken. Preliminary analyses showed that the conservative power distributions used historically in the BR2 RELAP model resulted in a significant overestimation of the peak cladding temperature during the transient. Therefore, it was concluded that better estimates of the steady-state and decay power distributions were needed to accurately predict the cladding temperatures measured during the tests and establish the credibility of the RELAP model and methodology. The new approach ('best estimate' methodology) uses the MCNP5, ORIGEN-2 and BERYL codes to obtain steady-state and decay power distributions for the BR2 core during the tests A/400/1, C/600/3 and F/400/1. This methodology can be easily extended to simulate any BR2 core configuration. Comparisons with measured peak cladding temperatures showed a much better agreement when power distributions obtained with the new methodology are used.

Dionne, B.; Tzanos, C. P. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

69

80 K anomaly and its effect on the superconducting and magnetic transition in deuterated {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we report careful transport and magnetic measurements on single crystals of deuterated {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br. By cooling the sample at different rates, it is found that cooling through 80K has a dramatic effect on the normal state metal-insulator transition and the superconducting transition temperatures. In-plane resistivity depends strongly on the cooling rate for temperatures below 80K, above which all resistivity curves cooled at different rates converge. By comparing it with the nondeuterated salt and the quasi-1D Bechgaard salt, we speculate that 80K corresponds to a structural phase transition in the anion chain. Fast cooling through 80K will freeze the high temperature magnetic phase to low temperatures and the presence of local magnetic moments suppresses the superconducting T{sub c}. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Su, X.; Zuo, F. [Department of Physics, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33124 (United States); Schlueter, J.A.; Kini, A.M.; Williams, J.M. [Chemistry and Materials Science Divisions, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

{sup 13}C NMR studies of the normal and superconducting states of the organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors report {sup 13}C NMR spin-lattice relaxation rates 1/{ital T}{sub 1} and Knight shifts {ital K}{sub {ital S}} in the quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br ({ital T}{sub {ital c}}=11.6 K), for an aligned single crystal. The normal-state behavior is reminiscent of the high-{ital T}{sub {ital c}} cuprates, in which antiferromagnetic fluctuations and spin-gap behavior dominate. In the superconducting state, the data rule out the BCS electron-phonon mechanism as the source of the superconductivity, but support an unconventional pairing state with possible nodes in the gap function.

De Soto, S.M.; Slichter, C.P. [Department of Physics and Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801-3080 (United States); Kini, A.M.; Wang, H.H.; Geiser, U.; Williams, J.M. [Chemistry and Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Ion-pairing in aqueous CaCl2 and RbBr solutions: simultaneous structural refinement of XAFS and XRD data  

SciTech Connect

We present a new methodology involving the simultaneous refinement of both x-ray absorption and x-ray diffraction spectra (X-ray Absorption/Diffraction Structural Refinement,XADSR), to study hydration and ion pair structure of CaCl2 and RbBr salts in concentrated aqueous solutions. The XADSR analysis includes the XAFS spectra analysis of both the cation and anion as a probe of their short-range structure with an XRD spectral analysis as a probe of the global structural. Together they deliver a comprehensive picture of the cation and anion hydration, the contact ion pair (CIP) structure and the solvent-separated ion pair (SSIP) structure. XADSR analysis of 6.0 m aqueous CaCl2 reveals that there are an insignificant number of Ca2+-Cl- CIPs, but there are approximately 3.4 SSIPs separated by about 4.99 . In contrast XADSR analysis of aqueous RbBr yields about 0.7 pair CIP at a bond length 3.51 . The present work demonstrates a new approach for a direct co-refinement of XRD and XAFS spectra in a simple and reliable fashion, opening new opportunities for analysis in various disordered and crystalline systems. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is operated for the U.S. Department of Energy by Battelle.

Pham, Thai V.; Fulton, John L.

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

72

Two anionic [Cu{sup I}{sub 6}X{sub 7}]{sub n}{sup n-} (X=Br and I) chain-based organic-inorganic hybrid solids with N-substituted benzotriazole ligands  

SciTech Connect

Solvothermal reactions of the flexible ligand 1,6-Bi(benzotriazole)hexane with CuI and KI or CuBr and KBr in ethanol generate two hybrid compounds, namely, {l_brace}(HETA)[(Cu{sub 6}I{sub 7})(ETA){sub 2}]{r_brace}{sub n}(1) and {l_brace}K(Cu{sub 6}Br{sub 7})(BBTH){r_brace}{sub n}(2) (ETA=N-ethylbenzotriazole, HETA=protonated N-ethylbenzotriazole, BBTH=1,6-bi(benzotriazole)hexane). In 1, two [Cu{sub 3}I{sub 4}] vertex missing cubane-like subunits link each other by sharing one I atom to give a [Cu{sub 6}I{sub 7}] cluster, which further form novel 1D [Cu{sub 6}I{sub 7}]{sub n}{sup n-} anionic chain. Two in-situ generated ETA ligands finished the 4-coordinated environments of copper centers and another one discrete protonated ETA ligand keeps the charge neutrality for 1. In complex 2, bowl-shaped [Cu{sub 5}Br{sub 4}] clusters and rhomboid [Cu{sub 2}Br{sub 2}] dimers link each other to generate a [Cu{sub 6}Br{sub 7}]{sub n}{sup n-} 1D chain. BBTH ligands complete the tetrahedral spheres of Cu(I), and 7-coordinated K atoms further extend the 1D chain motifs to a 2D hybrid layer of 2. The UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectrum and luminescence measurements show that compound 1 and 2 both are potential semiconductor and photoluminescence materials. - Graphical abstract: Two unprecedented anionic [Cu{sup I}{sub 6}X{sub 7}]{sub n}{sup n-} (X=Br and I) chain-based organic-inorganic hybrid solids, namely, {l_brace}(HETA)[(Cu{sub 6}I{sub 7})(ETA){sub 2}]{r_brace}{sub n} (1) and {l_brace}K(Cu{sub 6}Br{sub 7})(BBTH){r_brace}{sub n}(2) (ETA=N-ethylbenzotriazole, HETA=protonated N-ethylbenzotriazole, BBTH=1,6-bi(benzotriazole)- hexane) have been synthesized under solvothermal reactions and characterized.

Gao Xia [Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710062 (China); Zhai Quanguo, E-mail: zhaiqg@snnu.edu.c [Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710062 (China); Li Shuni; Xia Rui; Xiang Haijuan; Jiang Yucheng [Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710062 (China); Hu Mancheng, E-mail: hmch@snnu.edu.c [Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710062 (China)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

Semileptonic Form Factor ratio B_s->D_s/B->D and Its Application to BR(B^0_s->\\mu^+\\mu^-)  

SciTech Connect

We present a (2+1)-flavor lattice QCD calculation of the form factor ratio between the semileptonic decays {bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} D{sub s}{sup +}l{sup -}{bar {nu}} and {bar B}{sup 0} {yields} D{sup +}l{sup -}{bar {nu}}. This ratio is an important theoretical input to the hadronic determination of the B meson fragmentation fraction ratio f{sub s}/f{sub d} which enters in the measurement of BR(B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}). Small lattice spacings and high statistics enable us to simulate the decays with a dynamic final D meson of small momentum and reliably extract the hadronic matrix elements at nonzero recoil. We report our preliminary result for the form factor ratio at the corresponding momentum transfer of the two decays f{sub 0}{sup (s)} (M{sub {pi}}{sup 2})/f{sub 0}{sup (d)} (M{sub K}{sup 2}).

Du, Daping; /Iowa U. /Fermilab /Illinois U., Urbana; DeTar, Carleton; /Utah U.; Kronfeld, Andreas; /Fermilab; Laiho, Jack; /Strathclyde U. /Glasgow U.; Meurice, Yannick; /Iowa U.; Qiu, Si-wei; /Utah U.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

T{sub c}-dependent Raman scattering from a high-frequency phonon in {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the temperature dependence of the frequencies of two high-frequency intramolecular modes in {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br measured by resonant Raman scattering, with the use of a Fourier-transform spectrometer equipped with an infrared laser. One of these modes, that at 892cm{sup {minus}1} and assigned to {nu}{sub 60}(B{sub 3g}) exhibits an increase below T{sub c} of 2.2{plus_minus}0.7cm{sup {minus}1} and 2.2{plus_minus}0.4cm{sup {minus}1} when measured in a Janis Dewar and in a Heli-Tran refrigerator, respectively. A smaller increase is observed in the deuterated sample and no increase is observed at all if the samples are cooled too rapidly. Two other modes, {nu}{sub 3}(A{sub g}) at 1474cm{sup {minus}1} and {nu}{sub 9}(A{sub g}) at 503cm{sup {minus}1}, show no such increase below T{sub c} in the slowly cooled samples. We speculate that the normal electron-phonon interaction may not be responsible for the frequency increase but that the superconducting transition may involve a change in either the geometry or the arrangement of the BEDT-TTF molecules to which the particular mode is sensitive. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Eldridge, J.E.; Lin, Y. [Physics Department, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T1Z1 (CANADA); Wang, H.H.; Williams, J.M.; Kini, A.M. [Chemistry and Materials Science Divisions, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Chemical Rearrangement under Hydrothermal Conditions: Formation of Polymeric Chains (CuX)2(dpiz) and (CuX)3(dpiz) (X ) Cl, Br; dpiz ) Dipyrido[1,2-a:2,3-d]imidazole) and Crystal Structures of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

due to their excellent redox catalytic abilities.10 In this Communication, we report the synthesisL acid digestion bombs at 170 °C afforded orange crystals of 1 [(CuCl)2(C10H7N3)] (I) and 1 [(CuBr)3(C crystallographically independent copper sites in this common motif. Cu(1), the Cu atom in the tetrahedral site

Li, Jing

76

A new ambient-pressure organic superconductor,. kappa. -(ET) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br, with the highest transition temperature yet observed (inductive onset T sub c = 11. 6 K, resistive onset = 12. 5 K)  

SciTech Connect

The preparation of a new ambient-pressure organic superconductor, {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br (BEDT-TTF or ET = bis(ethylenedithio)tetrafulvalene) is reported. This compounds exhibits the highest inductive onset temperature, T{sub c} = 11.6K (resistive onset = 12.5K) yet reported. The crystallographic and bond electron structure, ESR characteristics, and its superconductivity transition have all been measured, and the results are reported. 28 refs., 3 figs.

Kini, A.M.; Geiser, U.; Wang, H.H.; Carlson, K.D.; Williams, J.M.; Kwok, W.K.; Vandervoort, K.G.; Thompson, J.E.; Stupka, D.L. (Argonne National Laboratory, IL (USA)); Jung, D.; Whangbo, Myunghwan (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh (USA))

1990-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

77

Surface Reactivity of Copper Precursors for Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) on Metal Surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

110) surfaces is described; butane and a small amidine were110) surface. No butene is produced at lower butane, 3 L;only some butane is desorption observed (58 amu). However,

MA, QIANG

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

B4, Admittance Spectroscopy of GaSb(100) and ALD / PEALD Al 2 O ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PEALD was employed to reduce the thermal budget of dielectric deposition, ..... Bands and Hopping-Induced Mixed Valence for Ti and Sc in GdSc1-x TixO3 for x ...

79

G6, Study of CV and Admittance Characteristics of ALD High-K ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

L6, PECVD-SiN, Si or Si/Al2O3-Capped ED-Mode AlN/GaN Inverters Hide details for [

80

Computational fluid dynamics analyses of lateral heat conduction, coolant azimuthal mixing and heat transfer predictions in a BR2 fuel assembly geometry.  

SciTech Connect

To support the analyses related to the conversion of the BR2 core from highly-enriched (HEU) to low-enriched (LEU) fuel, the thermal-hydraulics codes PLTEMP and RELAP-3D are used to evaluate the safety margins during steady-state operation (PLTEMP), as well as after a loss-of-flow, loss-of-pressure, or a loss of coolant event (RELAP). In the 1-D PLTEMP and RELAP simulations, conduction in the azimuthal and axial directions is not accounted. The very good thermal conductivity of the cladding and the fuel meat and significant temperature gradients in the lateral directions (axial and azimuthal directions) could lead to a heat flux distribution that is significantly different than the power distribution. To evaluate the significance of the lateral heat conduction, 3-D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations, using the CFD code STAR-CD, were performed. Safety margin calculations are typically performed for a hot stripe, i.e., an azimuthal region of the fuel plates/coolant channel containing the power peak. In a RELAP model, for example, a channel between two plates could be divided into a number of RELAP channels (stripes) in the azimuthal direction. In a PLTEMP model, the effect of azimuthal power peaking could be taken into account by using engineering factors. However, if the thermal mixing in the azimuthal direction of a coolant channel is significant, a stripping approach could be overly conservative by not taking into account this mixing. STAR-CD simulations were also performed to study the thermal mixing in the coolant. Section II of this document presents the results of the analyses of the lateral heat conduction and azimuthal thermal mixing in a coolant channel. Finally, PLTEMP and RELAP simulations rely on the use of correlations to determine heat transfer coefficients. Previous analyses showed that the Dittus-Boelter correlation gives significantly more conservative (lower) predictions than the correlations of Sieder-Tate and Petukhov. STAR-CD 3-D simulations were performed to compare heat transfer predictions from CFD and the correlations. Section III of this document presents the results of this analysis.

Tzanos, C. P.; Dionne, B. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

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81

Feasibility Study of a Portable Coupled 3He Detector with LaBr3 Gamma Scintillator for Field Identification and Quantification of Nuclear Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, there have been several research endeavors to increase the ability to identify and quantify special nuclear material in field measurements. These have included both gamma spectroscopy and neutron coincidence systems that are portable and work in a variety of environments. In this work, a Monte Carlo Neutral Practicle X (MCNPX) model was used to design an instrument that includes four gamma detection slabs placed within four neutron detection slabs. The combination of gamma spectroscopy and neutron coincidence counting in a single instrument allows for direct measurement of plutonium (Pu) mass without need for assumptions or operator declarations. A combined neutron-gamma instrument was designed for use in characterizing and quantifying Pu in field samples. This detector consists of a plastic scintillator containing LaBr3 nanoparticles and a polyethylene slab containing four 3He tube detectors. The system was tested via simulation with MCNPX for four Pu samples of known quality and quantity. These samples had masses ranging from 100-300 g of Pu. It was found that the designed detector system could be used to determine 240Pu-effective mass to within 3.5% accuracy and to characterize the isotopic content of the Pu to within 2% accuracy for all isotopes except for 238Pu and 242Pu. The system could determine 238Pu isotopic content to within 14% accuracy but is completely unable to determine 242Pu content. This system has the ability to Four Plutonium (Pu) samples of known quantity were modeled and tested to determine what data was available from each individual signature. Each model included a separate MCNPX deck for each individual isotope that contributes to the gamma signature in photon mode and a spontaneous fission and (alpha,n) deck for the neutron signature. The first three samples were used to create spectrums and efficiency curves for each odd isotope as well as for a Pu effective mass for the neutron signature. The data from these simulations were then used to identify the isotopics in the fourth sample to within acceptable accuracy. From this data, a total Pu mass was obtained as well as an ability to determine the ratio of (alpha,n) to spontaneous fission neutrons without additional simulations. This provides a new method to detect and identify the Pu content within a sample without producing requiring supplemental additional information since isotopics can be determined with the combined use of the gamma and neutron systems.

Strohmeyer, Daniel C.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

New k-phase materials, k-(ET) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )X: X = Cl, Br and I: The synthesis, structure and superconductivity above 11 K in the Cl ( Tc = 12. 8 K, 0. 3 kbar) and Br( Tc = 11. 6 K) salts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The syntheses, structures, selected physical properties, and band electronic structures of three copper (I) dicyanamide halide salts of bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene ({kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})X, where X = Cl, Br, and I) are discussed. X-ray crystallographic studies demonstrate that the three derivatives are isostructural. The bromide salt is an ambient pressure superconductor with an inductive onset at 11.6 K and a resistive onset at 12.5 K. {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Cl exhibits the highest reported superconducting transition temperature ({Tc} = 12.8 K, 0.3 kbar) for an organic superconductor, once a semiconductor-semiconductor transition (42 K) is suppressed. The application of GE varnish or Apiezon N grease to crystals of {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Cl provides sufficient stress to induce superconductivity at ambient pressure.'' Crystals of the iodide remain metallic to {approximately}150 K, where they become weakly semiconductive. No sign of superconductivity was detected at pressures (hydrostatic and shearing) up to 5.2 kbar and at temperatures as low as 1.1 K. The band electronic structures of the three salts are essentially identical. The differences in superconducting properties are explained in terms of differences in lattice softness, which are strongly influenced by short C-H{hor ellipsis}donor and C-H{hor ellipsis}anion contacts. 17 refs., 2 figs.

Wang, H.H.; Carlson, K.D.; Geiser, U.; Kini, A.M.; Schultz, A.J.; Williams, J.M.; Montgomery, L.K.; Kwok, W.K.; Welp, U.; Vandervoort, K.G.; Boryschuk, S.J.; Strieby Crouch, A.V.; Kommers, J.M.; Watkins, D.M. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Schirber, J.E.; Overmyer, D.L. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Jung, D.; Novoa, J.J.; Whangbo, M.H. (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Low-Temperature Penetration Depth of {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN) {sub 2}]Br and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present high-precision measurements of the penetration depth of single crystals of {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2} at temperatures down to 0.4 K. We find that, at low temperatures, the in-plane penetration depth ({lambda}{sub (parallel} {sub sign)}) varies as a fractional power law, {lambda}{sub (parallel} {sub sign)}{approx}T{sup (3/2)}. While this may be taken as evidence for novel pair excitation processes, we show that the data are also consistent with a quasilinear variation of the superfluid density, as is expected for a d -wave superconductor with impurities or a small residual gap. Our data for the interplane penetration depth show similar features and give a direct measurement of the absolute value, {lambda}{sub (perpendicular} {sub sign)}(0)=100{+-}20 {mu}m . (c) 1999 The American Physical Society.

Carrington, A.; Bonalde, I. J.; Prozorov, R.; Giannetta, R. W.; Kini, A. M.; Schlueter, J.; Wang, H. H.; Geiser, U.; Williams, J. M.

1999-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

84

Muon-spin-relaxation measurements of magnetic penetration depth in organic superconductors (BEDT-TTF) sub 2 - X : X =Cu(NCS) sub 2 and Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br  

SciTech Connect

The magnetic-field penetration depth {lambda} in the organic superconductors {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2} Cu(NCS){sub 2} and {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2} Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br has been measured over a wide temperature region 20 mK{le}{ital T}{le}15 K via the muon-spin-relaxation technique. Linear variation of {lambda} with {ital T} at low temperatures, found in both systems, is consistent with anisotropic superconducting pairings with line nodes in the energy gap. In the latter compound, we observe flux depinning at {ital T}{similar to}5 K, well below {ital T}{sub {ital c}}=12 K.

Le, L.P.; Luke, G.M.; Sternlieb, B.J.; Wu, W.D.; Uemura, Y.J. (Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)); Brewer, J.H.; Riseman, T.M. (Department of Physics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A3 (Canada)); Stronach, C.E. (Department of Physics, Virginia State University, Petersburg, Virginia 23803 (United States)); Saito, G.; Yamochi, H. (Department of Chemistry, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606 (Japan)); Wang, H.H.; Kini, A.M.; Carlson, K.D.; Williams, J.M. (Chemistry and Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States))

1992-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

85

$B_s\\to D_s/B\\to D$ Semileptonic Form-Factor Ratios and Their Application to BR($B^0_s\\to \\mu^+\\mu^-$)  

SciTech Connect

We calculate form-factor ratios between the semileptonic decays {bar B}{sup 0} {yields} D{sup +} {ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}} and {bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} D{sub s}{sup +}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}} with lattice QCD. These ratios are a key theoretical input in a new strategy to determine the fragmentation fractions of the neutral B decays, which are needed for measurements of BR(B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}). They use the MILC ensembles of gauge configurations with 2 + 1 flavors of sea quarks at two lattice spacings of approximately 0.12 fm and 0.09 fm. We use the model-independent z parametrization to extrapolate their simulation results at small recoil toward maximum recoil. The results for the form-factor ratios are {line_integral}{sub 0}{sup (s)} (M{sub {pi}}{sup 2})/{line_integral}{sub 0}{sup (d)} (M{sub K}{sup 2}) = 1.046(44){sub stat.}(15){sub syst.} and {line_integral}{sub 0}{sup (s)} (M{sub {pi}}{sup 2})/{line_integral}{sub 0}{sup (d)} (M{sub {pi}}{sup 2}) = 1.054(47){sub stat.}(17){sub syst.}. In contrast to a QCD sum-rule calculation, no significant departure from U-spin (d {leftrightarrow} s) symmetry is observed.

Bailey, Jon A.; /Seoul Natl. U.; Bazavov, A.; /Brookhaven; Bernard, C.; /Washington U., St. Louis; Bouchard, C.M.; /Illinois U., Urbana /Fermilab /Ohio State U.; DeTar, C.; /Utah U.; Du, Daping; /Iowa State U. /Fermilab /Illinois U., Urbana; El-Khadra, A.X.; /Illinois U., Urbana; Foley, J.; /Utah U.; Freeland, E.D.; /Illinois U., Urbana /Benedictine U.; Gamiz, E.; /Fermilab /Granada U.; Gottlieb, Steven; /Indiana U. /APS, New York

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Unusual behavior in the upper critical magnetic fields of the ambient-pressure organic superconductor. kappa. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br (where BEDT-TTF represents bis(ethylenedithio) tetrathiofulvalene)  

SciTech Connect

We report a determination of the temperature dependence of the upper critical magnetic fields {ital H}{sub {ital c}2} for {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br, with the use of dc-magnetization measurements that show a well-defined diamagnetic onset. We find large slopes of {minus}20 T/K and {minus}2.2 T/K for {bold H}{parallel}{ital ac} and {bold H}{parallel}{ital b}, respectively, which lead to coherence lengths of 37 and 4 A. There is unusual structure in the critical fields and a possible dimensional crossover at {ital T}/{ital T}{sub {ital c}}{approximately}0.97 for {bold H}{parallel}{ital ac}. Neither the slopes nor the structure are observable in the superconducting transition measured by ac magnetoresistance, which exhibits strong magnetic-field broadening similar to that of the high-{Tc} copper oxide superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}}. We find a strong depression of {ital T}{sub {ital c}}, as large as 1.2 K, when the sample is rapidly cooled.

Kwok, W.K.; Welp, U.; Carlson, K.D.; Crabtree, G.W.; Vandervoort, K.G.; Wang, H.H.; Kini, A.M.; Williams, J.M.; Stupka, D.L.; Montgomery, L.K.; Thompson, J.E. (Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (USA) Chemistry Divisions, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (USA))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Structure-property relationships for. beta. - and. kappa. -phase BEDT-TTF salts and their use in the synthesis of. kappa. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new ambient pressure organic superconductor, {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br, has been discovered with an inductive onset {Tc} = 11.6 {plus minus} 0.1 K (resistive onset = 12.5 {plus minus} 0.1 K). The anion in the new salt consists of a polymeric mixed (halide)(pseudohalide)cuprate(I) species. Because of the large number of metal/halide/pseudohalide substitutions that can be made in this anionic species, it opens up an entirely new conceptual approach to the design of additional conducting and superconducting (with even higher {Tc}'s) cation-radical salts by use of planar polymeric anions. Studies along these lines are currently under way in our laboratory. It is also becoming increasingly clear that in terms of structure (both are layered superconductors) and the physics (both are type II-superconductors with anisotropic coherence lengths, anisotropic H{sub c2}, and in which superconductivity is competing with magnetic ground states, etc.),the organic superconductors are more similar to the high-{Tc} oxide superconductors than to other classes of superconductors. Thus, the prospects for discovering high-{Tc} in organic systems appear very bright

Williams, J.M.; Kini, A.M.; Geiser, U.; Wang, Hau H.; Carlson, K.D.; Kwok, W.K.; Vandervoort, K.G.; Thompson, J.E.; Stupka, D.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Jung, D.; Whangbo, M.H. (North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (USA). Dept. of Chemistry)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Plasma Enhanced ALD of High-k Dielectrics on GaN and AlGaN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent efforts to improve performance of high power devices have focused on the ... Characterization of Degradation for MLCC under Thermal and Electrical...

89

Public health assessment for Redwing Carriers Inc. /Saraland, Saraland, Mobile County, Alabama, Region 4. Cerclis No. ALD980844385. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Redwing Carriers, Inc.,/ Saraland Apartment site is located at 527 U.S. Highway 43 in the City of Saraland, Mobile County, Alabama. Redwing Carriers, Inc. owned and operated a trucking terminal used for parking, maintaining, and cleaning trucks and trailers. Redwing transported a variety of substances including asphalt, diesel fuel, chemicals, and pesticides. The operation began in 1961 and continued until 1971. Redwing emptied residue from cleaning the trucks into pits and surrounding ditches at the site. Investigations since then have revealed on-site contamination of soil and groundwater. Contaminants of concern include volatile organic compounds, heavy metals, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, and pesticides. The Redwing Carriers/Saraland Apartments site is categorized as a public health hazard based on potential for skin irritation and exposure to benzo(a)pyrene and other PAHs from the ingestion of 5 grams per day of tar-like material by pica children at the site.

Not Available

1994-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

90

Health assessment for Redwing Carriers, Inc. (Saraland), Saraland, Alabama, Region 4. CERCLIS No. ALD980844385. Preliminary report  

SciTech Connect

The Redwing Carriers, Inc. (Saraland) site is in the community of Saraland, in Mobile County, Alabama. The site, about 1 acre, is in an urbanized area and had been used as a truck terminal between 1961 and 1971. Redwing Carriers cleaned out trucks that transported a variety of materials, including asphalt, diesel fuel, herbicides, tall oil, and sulfuric acid. Wastes were discharged onto the ground. The property was covered with fill material, and an apartment complex, housing about 180 tenants, was developed. On-site monitoring identified polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons and a few other organic compounds in surface wastes and in subsurface wastes and soils. Using the information reviewed, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry concludes that the site is of potential public health concern because humans may be exposed to hazardous substances at concentrations that may result in adverse health effects. Children are the most likely to be exposed to the contaminants associated with the recurring surficial waste deposits. Available monitoring data are not sufficient to clarify whether groundwater, ambient air, air in buildings, soils, sediments, surface water, and food-chain entities contain contaminants at levels that pose public health concerns or physical hazards.

Not Available

1990-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

91

Environmental Management Directorate Fiscal Year 2000 Budget Submittal (FY00-02) Michael Schlender, EM ALD March 6, 2000  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Brookhaven Science Associates Brookhaven Science Associates U.S. Department of Energy Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor Workshop May 9 and 10, 2007 Brookhaven Science Associates U.S. Department of Energy 2 BGRR Location at BNL BGRR Location at BNL BGRR Location at BNL BGRR Location at BNL Brookhaven Science Associates U.S. Department of Energy BGRR Complex BGRR Complex Brookhaven Science Associates U.S. Department of Energy 4 BGRR General Background BGRR General Background  First reactor built for peacetime research on the atom  Located in the center of BNL site  Accomplished great science from 1950 to 1968  All fuel removed in 1972  BNL Science Museum 1977 to 1997  Decommissioning efforts began in 1997 upon discovery of contaminated water in below-ground ducts Brookhaven Science Associates

92

Comparative Study of Zn(O,S) Buffer Layers and CIGS Solar Cells Fabricated by CBD, ALD, and Sputtering: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Zn(O,S) thin films were deposited by chemical bath deposition (CBD), atomic layer deposition, and sputtering. Composition of the films and band gap were measured and found to follow the trends described in the literature. CBD Zn(O,S) parameters were optimized and resulted in an 18.5% efficiency cell that did not require post annealing, light soaking, or an undoped ZnO layer. Promising results were obtained with sputtering. A 13% efficiency cell was obtained for a Zn(O,S) emitter layer deposited with 0.5%O2. With further optimization of process parameters and an analysis of the loss mechanisms, it should be possible to increase the efficiency.

Ramanathan, K.; Mann, J.; Glynn, S.; Christensen, S.; Pankow, J.; Li, J.; Scharf, J.; Mansfield, L. M.; Contreras, M. A.; Noufi, R.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

High mobility germanium MOSFETs : study of ozone surface passivation and n-type Dopant channel implants combined with ALD dielectrics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Germanium offers higher electron and hole mobility than silicon, making it an attractive option for future high-performance MOSFET applications. To date, Ge p-channel device behavior has shown promise, with many reports ...

Hennessy, John, 1980-

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Measurement of sigma(ppbar->Z) Br(Z->tau+tau-) and search for Higgs bosons decaying to tau+tau- at s**(1/2) = 1.96 TeV  

SciTech Connect

The resonant production of tau-lepton pairs is as interesting for the study of Standard Model (SM) physics as the production of lighter leptons pairs. For new phenomena, such as Higgs boson production or in case new particles beyond the SM would arise, the detection of (resonant) pairs of tau leptons becomes much more interesting. This is due to the fact that tau leptons are much heavier than the other leptons, which increases the chance that these new phenomena would be observed first in this channel. Unfortunately their clean detection is far more difficult than that of muons or electrons. The cross section times branching ratio {sigma}{center_dot} Br for the process p{bar p} {yields} Z {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} was measured at {radical}s = 1.96 GeV using 1.0 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the D0 experiment. This measurement was performed in the channel in which one of the tau leptons decays to a muon and neutrinos, while the other decays either hadronically or to an electron and neutrinos. A set of 1511 events, of which about 20% estimated background, passed all selection criteria. The trigger and muon reconstruction efficiencies, as well as the efficiency for track reconstruction were obtained from data using the 'tag and probe' method on Z {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} events. The multijet background was estimated from the sample of events which passed all selection criteria but in which the muon and the tau candidate had the same charge. The W {yields} {mu}{nu} + jets background was modeled by Monte Carlo simulations, but normalized to data. All the other backgrounds, as well as the efficiency for Z {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} events were estimated using simulated events normalized to the theoretical calculations of cross sections at next-to-leading order or next-to-next-to-leading order. The energy of the tau candidates was corrected for the estimated response of the charged pions in the calorimeter, which is of the order 50-80%. Since the charged pion response in data was not well reproduced by the default simulation of hadronic interactions (Geisha), a different simulation (gCALOR) was used to obtain an estimated charged pion response consistent with the one measured in data. This tau energy correction method makes use of the superior resolution of the track momentum measurement compared to the resolution of the tau candidate energy as measured by the calorimeter, which leads to a better data--simulation agreement and a decrease of 10% in the resolution of the visible mass peak. The result of this measurement is {sigma}(p{bar p} {yields} Z) {center_dot} Br(Z {yields} {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -}) = 240 {+-} 8(stat) {+-} 12(syst) {+-} 15(lumi) pb, in good agreement with the theoretical predictions of 241.6{sub -3.2}{sup +3.6} pb [79] or 251.9{sub -12}{sup +5.1} pb [93-95], as well as with other measurements performed by the D0 and CDF experiments in all channels in which the Z boson decays leptonically [96-100]. This is the most precise Z boson cross section measurement to date performed in the tau lepton channel at hadron colliders. The analysis demonstrates the ability of the D0 experiment to identify tau leptons decaying hadronically with good efficiency and high purity, a challenging task in p{bar p} collisions where the number of jets resembling tau leptons is very high. This achievement forms a solid basis for other analyses using hadronic tau lepton decays, such as the search for the Higgs boson decaying into tau-lepton pairs, which was performed for the last part of this thesis.

Galea, Cristina Florina; /Nijmegen U.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

br23082-bw version.qxd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Executive Office has put a high Executive Office has put a high priority on ensuring U.S. buildings are energy efficient and environmentally sus- tainable. The action plan includes improving Federal procurement of energy-efficient technology, such as photovoltaics. This commitment spearheads the President's Million Solar Roofs Initiative, which aims at installing 1 million solar energy systems on residential, commercial, and public sec- tor buildings by 2010. The Federal sector's portion of that goal is 20,000 facilities. FEMP plays a leading role in meeting this commitment by encouraging and facilitating the use of photovoltaics. Photovoltaics (PV) is a well-proven and reliable technology that is used increasingly in Federal facilities to provide power in remote or difficult-to-access locations. It

96

Microsoft Word - HgAcBr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 2013 August 2013 Quantification of the Mercury Adsorption Mechanism on Brominated Activated Carbon The primary anthropogenic source of mercury (Hg) emissions into the atmosphere is coal- fired power utilities. This work explores materials designed for Hg capture to be applied in the ductwork of a power plant to prevent Hg release into the atmosphere. Bench-scale com- bustion experiments have been carried out, in which sorbent materials were placed in a simulated flue gas stream doped with ppb levels of Hg. The sorbent surfaces were probed using x-ray absorption spectroscopy to determine the mechanism of Hg binding and to ultimately improve solvent design. The spectroscopy data was analyzed alongside results from density functional theory (DFT) for benchmarking so that DFT can be used as a

97

br23082-bw version.qxd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Executive Office has put a high Executive Office has put a high priority on ensuring U.S. buildings are energy efficient and environmentally sus- tainable. The action plan includes improving Federal procurement of energy-efficient technology, such as photovoltaics. This commitment spearheads the President's Million Solar Roofs Initiative, which aims at installing 1 million solar energy systems on residential, commercial, and public sec- tor buildings by 2010. The Federal sector's portion of that goal is 20,000 facilities. FEMP plays a leading role in meeting this commitment by encouraging and facilitating the use of photovoltaics. Photovoltaics (PV) is a well-proven and reliable technology that is used increasingly in Federal facilities to provide power in remote or difficult-to-access locations. It

98

Microsoft Word - BR6738_preprint.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

known as "Scenarios for a Clean Energy Future" (Brown, Levine et al. 2001), the McKinsey "cost curve" analysis of abatement costs (Creyts 2007), and efficiency analysis and...

99

BR UFF BIG PINEY WILD ROSE BLU E GAP BR UFF UNIT WAMSUT TER  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Morehouse (2), Jack Perrin (1), Steve Jackson (1) and Robert King (2) (1) Z, Inc., (2) Energy Information Administration BIG PINEY TIP TOP BIR D CANYON SWAN FONTEN ELL E LABARGE...

100

BR UFF BIG PINEY WILD ROSE BLU E GAP BR UFF UNIT WAMSUT TER  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

BOE Reserve Class BOE Reserve Class No 2001 reserves 0.1 - 10 MBOE 10.1 - 100 MBOE 100.1 - 1,000 MBOE 1,000.1 - 10,000 MBOE 10,000.1 - 100,000 MBOE > 100,000 MBOE Basin Outline ID The mapped oil and gas field boundary outlines were created by the Reserves and Production Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration pursuant to studies required by Section 604 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act Amendments of 2000 (P.L. 106-469). The boundaries are not informed by subsurface structural information. The data and methods used in their creation are detailed in a report, "Scientific Inventory of Onshore Federal Lands' Oil and Gas Resources and Reserves and the Extent and Nature of Restrictions to Their Development", prepared by the US Departments of Interior, Agriculture and Energy.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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101

New ambient pressure organic superconductors:. alpha. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 (NH sub 4 )Hg(SCN) sub 4 ,. beta. m-(BEDO-TTF) sub 3 Cu sub 2 (NCS) sub 3 , and. kappa. -(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(N(CN) sub 2 )Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than one hundred and twenty conducting salts based on the organic donor-molecule BEDT-TTF are known, where BEDT-TTF is bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene (abbreviated herein as ET). Several of the early salts possessed tetrahedral and octahedral anions, such as (ET){sub 2}ClO{sub 4}(TCE), (ET){sub 2}PF{sub 6}, (ET){sub 2}ReO{sub 4}, and (ET){sub 2}BrO{sub 4}. The perchlorate salt is metallic to 1.4 K,{sup 1} and the perrenate derivative was the first ET based organic superconductor ({Tc} 2 K, 4.5 kbar). Since the discovery of ambient pressure superconductivity in {beta}-(ET){sub 2}I{sub 3} ({Tc} 1.4 K),{sup 5} other isostructural {beta}-(ET){sub 2}X salts have been prepared with higher {Tc}'s. A structure-property correlation for the {beta}-type salts has been reviewed in this volume; it predicts that {Tc}'s higher than 8K are possible if {beta}-salts with linear anions longer than I{sub 3}{sup {minus}} can be synthesized. During the search for new linear anions, a variety of compounds with discovered with polymeric anions. The report of superconductivity in {kappa}-(ET){sub 4}Hg{sub 3}X{sub 8} (X = Cl, {Tc} 5.4 K 29 kbar and X = Br, {Tc} 4.3 K ambient pressure and 6.7 K 3.5 kbar) and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2} ({Tc} 10.4 K) further stimulated the search for novel polymeric anions. A general synthetic strategy for preparing new salts containing polymeric anions is to couple a coordinatively unsaturated neutral transition metal halide/pseudohalide with a simple halide or pseudohalide during an electrocrystallization synthesis. In this article, the authors discuss three new ambient pressure organic superconductors with novel polymeric anions, {alpha}-(ET){sub 2}(NH{sub 4})Hg(SCN){sub 4}, {beta}m-(BO){sub 3}Cu{sub 2}(NCS){sub 3} and {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu(N(CN){sub 2})Br. 48 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

Wang, H.H.; Beno, M.A.; Carlson, K.D.; Geiser, U.; Kini, A.M.; Montgomery, L.K.; Thompson, J.E.; Williams, J.M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Hydrogen for X-group exchange in CH3X, X = Cl, Br, I, OMe and NMe2 byMonomeric [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2CeH: Experimental and Computational Support for a Carbenoid Mechanism  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The reaction between [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2CeH, referred to as Cp'2CeH, andCH3X where X is Cl, Br, I, OMe and NMe2, are described. The reactions fall intothree distinct classes. Class a, where X = Cl, Br and I rapidly form Cp'2CeX and CH4without formation of identifiable intermediates in the 1H NMR spectra. Class b, whereX = OMe proceeds rapidly to Cp'2Ce(eta2-CH2OMe) and H2 and then to Cp'2CeOMeand CH4. The methoxymethyl derivative is sufficiently stable to be isolated andcharacterized and it is rapidly converted to Cp'2CeOMe in presence of BPh3. Class c,where X = NMe2 does not result in formation of Cp'2CeNMe2, but deuterium labelingexperiments show that H for D exchange occurs in NMe3. Density functionalcalculations DFT(B3PW91) on the reaction of (C5H5)2CeH, referred to as Cp2CeH,and CH3X show that the barrier for alpha-CH activation, resulting in formation ofCp2Ce(eta2-CH2X), proceeds with a relatively low activation barrier (DeltaG++) but thesubsequent ejection of CH2 and trapping by H2 has a higher barrier; the height of thesecond barrier lies in the order F, Cl, Br, I< OMe<< NMe2, consistent with theexperimental studies. The DFT calculations also show that the two-step reaction,which proceeds through a carbenoid intermediate, has a lower barrier than a directone-step sigma bond metathesis mechanism. The reaction of Cp2CeCH2OMe and BPh3 is calculated to be a low barrier process and the ylide, CH2(+)BPh3(-), is a transition state and not an intermediate.

Werkema, Evan; Andersen, Richard; Yahia, Ahmed; Maron, Laurent; Eisenstein, Odile

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

Evidence for structural and electronic instabilities at intermediate temperatures in K-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}X for X=Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl, Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br and Cu(NCS){sub 2} : implications for the phase diagram of these quasi-2D organic superconductors.  

SciTech Connect

We present high-resolution measurements of the coefficient of thermal expansion {alpha}(T)={partial_derivative} ln l(T)/{partial_derivative}T of the quasi-two-dimensional (quasi-2D) salts {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}X with X=Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl, Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br and Cu(NCS){sub 2} in the temperature range T<{approx}150 K. Three distinct kinds of anomalies corresponding to different temperature ranges have been identified. These are (A) phase-transition anomalies into the superconducting (X=Cu(NCS){sub 2}, Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br) and antiferromagnetic (X=Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl) ground state, (B) phase-transition-like anomalies at intermediate temperatures (30-50) K for the superconducting salts, and (C) kinetic, glasslike transitions at higher temperatures, i.e., (70-80) K for all compounds. By a thermodynamic analysis of the discontinuities at the second-order phase transitions that characterize the ground state of system (A), the uniaxial-pressure coefficients of the respective transition temperatures could be determined. We find that in contrast to what has been frequently assumed, the intraplane-pressure coefficients of Tc for this family of quasi-2D superconductors do not reveal a simple form of systematics. This demonstrates that attempts to model these systems by solely considering in-plane electronic parameters are not appropriate. At intermediate temperatures (B), distinct anomalies reminiscent of second-order phase transitions have been found at T*=38 K and 45 K for the superconducting X=Cu(NCS){sub 2} and Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br salts, respectively. Most interestingly, we find that the signs of the uniaxial pressure coefficients of T*, {partial_derivative}T*/{partial_derivative}p{sub i} (i=a,b,c), are strictly anticorrelated with those of {Tc}. Based on comparative studies including the nonsuperconducting X=Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl salt as well as isotopically labeled compounds, we propose that T* marks the transition to a density-wave state forming on minor, quasi-1D parts of the Fermi surface. Our results are compatible with two competing order parameters that form on disjunct portions of the Fermi surface. At elevated temperatures (C), all compounds show {alpha}(T) anomalies that can be identified with a kinetic, glasslike transition where, below a characteristic temperature T{sub g}, disorder in the orientational degrees of freedom of the terminal ethylene groups becomes frozen in. Our results provide a natural explanation for the unusual time- and cooling-rate dependences of the ground-state properties in the hydrogenated and deuterated Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br salts reported in the literature.

Muller, J.; Lang, M.; Steglich, F.; Schlueter, J. A.; Kini, A. M.; Sasaki T.; Materials Science Division; Max-Planck-Inst. fur Chemische Physik fester Stoffe; Physikalisches Inst. der Univ. Frankfurt; Tohoku Univ.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Solar-Thermal ALD Ferrite-Based Water Splitting Cycle - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report Alan W. Weimer (Primary Contact), Darwin Arifin, Xinhua Liang, Victoria Aston and Paul Lichty University of Colorado Campus Box 596 Boulder, CO 80309-0596 Phone: (303) 492-3759 Email: alan.weimer@colorado.edu DOE Manager HQ: Sara Dillich Phone: (202) 586-7925 Email: Sara.Dillich@ee.doe.gov Contract Number: DE-FC36-05GO15044 Project Start Date: March 31, 2005 Project End Date: Project continuation and direction determined annually by DOE Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Objectives Demonstrate the "hercynite cycle" feasibility for * carrying out redox. Initiate design, synthesis and testing of a nanostructured * active material for fast kinetics and transport.

105

National Biorefineries Database <br>

Open Energy Info (EERE)

positions to the plant locations and transloading terminals in order to generate the shape files.

106

Engineer II Job Number: 55533999 Req ID 54331BR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

projects from concept through implementation. This includes project cost estimation, schedule development & overall project management. Provide process support to manufacturing facilities; trouble shoot equipment. Job Requirements: Experience in automation of pharmaceutical or food processing equipment

Heller, Barbara

107

Export.gov - CC_BR_DoingBusinessinBrazil  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is Latin America's biggest economy and is the fifth largest country in the world in terms of land mass and population with about 192 million people. Brazil's economy, the 6th...

108

Correspondence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Functional analysis of the ALD gene family of Saccharomyces cerevisiae during anaerobic growth on glucose: the NADP +-dependent Ald6p and Ald5p isoforms play a major role in acetate formation

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

From single-molecule magnetism to long-range ferromagnetism in Hpyr[Fe17O16(OH)12(py)12Br4]Br4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, Canada K0J 1J0 5ISIS, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot OX11 or "molecular spin" at sufficiently low temperatures.1­3 A uniaxial molecular anisotropy due to the crystal LRMO . The large molecular spins in these crystals take the place of the individual magnetic ions

Ryan, Dominic

110

Atomic layer deposition for the conformal coating of nanoporous materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atomic layer deposition (ALD) is ideal for applying precise and conformal coatings over nanoporous materials. We have recently used ALD to coat two nanoporous solids: anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) and silica aerogels. AAO possesses hexagonally ordered ...

Jeffrey W. Elam; Guang Xiong; Catherine Y. Han; H. Hau Wang; James P. Birrell; Ulrich Welp; John N. Hryn; Michael J. Pellin; Theodore F. Baumann; John F. Poco; Joe H. Satcher, Jr.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Quartz crystal microbalance study of tungsten atomic layer deposition using WF6 and Si2H6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(disilane). In this paper, W ALD is explored using in situ quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) measurements for disilane exposures > 4?104 L. The W ALD growth rate was also weakly temperature

George, Steven M.

112

brOugHT TO yOu by A quickie with Australia's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kristin Obermeier Chelsea Obermeier David Oborne Christina O'Brien Kristin Ofeldt Andrea Ortu Emily place Andrea Ortu 4th place Emily Diettmann Nathalie Schlosser was the Best Advanced Handler and Wendy Franzyshen was the Best Novice Handler. Congratulations to all. The Club thanks the 4-H alumnus that came

New South Wales, University of

113

Potential Impacts of CF3I as a Replacement for CF3Br in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... have used observed temperature distributions and fixed wind circulations ... The effects of zonally averaged winds are included in ... Solomon, S., MJ Mill ...

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

114

The Ulysses Supplement to the BATSE 4Br Catalog of Cosmic Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present Interplanetary Network localization information for 147 gammaray bursts observed by the Burst and Transient Source Experiment between the end of the 3rd BATSE catalog and the end of the 4th BATSE catalog, obtained by analyzing the arrival times of these bursts at the Ulysses and Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (CGRO) spacecraft. For any given burst observed by these two spacecraft, arrival time analysis (or triangulation) results in an annulus of possible arrival directions whose half-width varies between 7 arcseconds and 2.3 degrees, depending on the intensity and time history of the burst, and the distance of the Ulysses spacecraft from Earth. This annulus generally intersects the BATSE error circle, resulting in an average reduction of the error box area of a factor of 25. Subject headings: gamma-rays: bursts; catalogs 1

K. Hurley; M. S. Briggs; C. Kouveliotou; C. Meegan; G. Fishman; T. Cline

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Vertical-tube aqueous LiBr falling film absorption using advanced surfaces  

SciTech Connect

A heat and mass transfer test stand was fabricated and used to investigate nonisothermal falling film absorption of water vapor into a solution of aqueous lithium bromide. The absorber was made of borosilicate glass for visual inspection of the failing film. Experiments were conducted on internally cooled tubes of about 0.019 m outside diameter and of 1.53 m length. Testing evaluated a single absorber tube`s performance at varying operating conditions, namely different cooling-water flow rates, solution flow rates, pressures, temperatures, and concentrations. Advanced surfaces were identified that enhanced absorber load and the mass of absorbed vapor. A pin-fin tube with 6.4mm pitch absorbed about 225% more mass than did a smooth tube. A grooved tube was the d best performer with 175% enhancement over the smooth tube. Increasing the cooling water flow rate to 1.893 {times} 10{sup {minus}4} m{sup 3}/s caused about a 300% increase in the mass absorbed for the grooved tube compared with the smooth tube. Results showed that the pin-fin tube with 6.4-mm pitch and the grooved tubes may enhance absorption to levels comparable to chemical enhancement in horizontal smooth tube absorbers. Absorber load, the transport coefficients, and pertinent absorption data are presented as functions of dimensionless numbers. These experimental data will prove useful in formulating analytical tools to predict vertical-tube absorber performance.

Miller, W.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Perez-Blanco, H. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

LLNL compiled first pages ordered by ascending B&R code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We aim to develop a fundamental understanding of materials dynamics (from {micro}s to ns) in systems where the required combination of spatial and temporal resolution can only be reached by the dynamic transmission electron microscope (DTEM). In this regime, the DTEM is capable of studying complex transient phenomena with several orders of magnitude time resolution advantage over any existing in-situ TEM. Using the unique in situ capabilities and the nanosecond time resolution of the DTEM, we seek to study complex transient phenomena associated with rapid processes in materials, such as active sites on nanoscale catalysts and the atomic level mechanisms and microstructural features for nucleation and growth associated with phase transformations in materials, specifically in martensite formation and crystallization reactions from the amorphous phase. We also will study the transient phase evolution in rapid solid-state reactions, such as those occurring in reactive multilayer foils (RMLF). Program Impact: The LLNL DTEM possesses unique capabilities for capturing time resolved images and diffraction patterns of rapidly evolving materials microstructure under strongly driven conditions. No other instrument in the world can capture images with <10 nm spatial resolution of interesting irreversible materials processes such as phase transformations, plasticity, or morphology changes with 15 ns time resolution. The development of this innovative capability requires the continuing collaboration of laser scientists, electron microscopists, and materials scientists experienced in time resolved observations of materials that exist with particularly relevant backgrounds at LLNL. The research team has made observations of materials processes that are possible by no other method, such as the rapid crystallization of thin film NiTi that identified a change in mechanism at high heating rates as compared to isothermal anneals through changes in nucleation and growth rates of the crystalline phase. The project is designed to reveal these fundamental processes and mechanisms in rapid microstructure evolution that form the foundation of understanding that is an integral part of the DOE-BES mission.

Campbell, G; Kumar, M; Tobin, J; Noy, A; Browning, N

2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

117

MOLECULAR BEAM STUDIES OF UNIMOLECULAR REACTIONS: Cl, F + C2H3Br  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pro~ of fluorine and chlorine atoms with vinyl bromide areheated nickle oven at The chlorine source was similar,the tot&l energy for the chlorine re&ction &nd FWHM ~ 4.2 kJ

Buss, Richard J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

080 Low Temperature Specific Heat of BiOX (X=Cl, Br and I) Single ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

005 Calcium Phosphates for Drug Carrier: Adsorption and Release Kinetics of Drugs ... 058 Properties Optimization of Refractory Mineral Resources in China.

119

Taba workstation: supporting software process deployment based on CMMI and MR-MPS.BR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deployment of software processes based on reference models is a knowledge-intensive task, i.e., a great amount of technical knowledge must be applied in order to guarantee conformance and adherence of processes deployed to the reference models adopted. ...

Mariano Montoni; Gleison Santos; Ana Regina Rocha; Svio Figueiredo; Reinaldo Cabral; Rafael Barcellos; Ahilton Barreto; Andra Soares; Cristina Cerdeiral; Peter Lupo

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

MPS.BR: a successful program for software process improvement in Brazil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software process improvement implementation based on software process reference models and standards is a complex and long-term endeavor that requires investment of large sums of money. These obstacles usually hinder organizations from implementing software ... Keywords: CMMI, ISO-IEC 15504, software process assessment model, software process reference model

Mariano Angel Montoni; Ana Regina Rocha; Kival Chaves Weber

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A Modeling Study of Flame Quenching by CFsBr using ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... om 006 am 016 0.m RELATIVE FLkME POSnlON (cm) Flyw 1. Temperature profils for the reference (dotted line) and CRBr (wlid lie ) cases. ...

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

122

Entropy flux relation for viscoelastic bodies I-Shih Liu (liu@im.ufrj.br)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be symmetrized. We shall write the gradient after being symmetrized in components simply as q C for 1 2 q C + q and its thermodynamic consequences exploited following the M¨uller-Liu procedure in which supply governed by the balance laws of mass, linear momentum and energy, + div x = 0, ¨x - div T = b, + div

Liu, I-Shih

123

LEU fuel cycle analyses for the Belgian BR2 Research Reactor  

SciTech Connect

Equilibrium fuel cycle characteristics were calculated for reference HEU and two proposed LEU fuel cycles using an 11-group diffusion-theory neutron flux solution in hexagonal-Z geometry. The diffusion theory model was benchmarked with a detailed Monte Carlo core model. The two proposed LEU fuel designs increased the {sup 235}U loading 20% and the fuel meat volume 51%. The first LEU design used {sup 10}B as a burnable absorber. Either proposed LEU fuel element would provide equilibrium fuel cycle characteristics similar to those of the HEU fuel cycle. Irradiation rates of Co control followers and Ir disks in the center of the core were reduced 6 {plus minus} 1% in the LEU equilibrium core compared to reference HEU core. 11 refs., 4 figs., 5 tabs.

Deen, J.R.; Snelgrove, J.L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Preliminary LEU fuel cycle analyses for the Belgian BR2 reactor  

SciTech Connect

Fuel cycle calculations have been performed with reference HEU fuel and LEU fuel using Cd wires or boron as burnable absorbers. The /sup 235/U content in the LEU element has increased 20% to 480g compared to the reference HEU element. The number of fuel plates has remained unchanged while the fuel meat thickness has increased to 0.76 mm from 0.51 mm. The LEU meat density is 5.1 Mg U/m/sup 3/. The reference fuel cycle was a 31 element core operating at 56 MW with a 19.8 day cycle length and eight fresh elements loaded per cycle. Comparable fuel cycle characteristics can be achieved using the proposed LEU fuel element with either Cd wires or boron burnable absorbers. The neutron flux for E/sub n/ > 1 eV changes very little (<5%) in LEU relative to HEU cores. Thermal flux reductions are 5 to 10% in non-fueled positions, and 20 to 30% in fuel elements.

Deen, J.R.; Snelgrove, J.L.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Characterization of Thallium Bromide (TlBr) for Room Temperature Radiation Detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 Motivation: Radiation Detection for HomelandSecurity . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Semiconductor Radiationand related features of radiation ionization energies in

Smith, Holland McTyeire

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource Format for Proposal Extension Request  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From the Director: New ALDs in LCLS, SSRL and PPA and a new Directorate in the Making Wednesday lab director, I asked Jo to serve as the ALD for SSRL. Jo has been co-leading the joint light source to be the acting ALD for SSRL effective July 1. We will start an international search immediately to find

Wechsler, Risa H.

127

Applying ISO 9001: 2000, MPS.BR and CMMI to Achieve Software Process Maturity: BL Informatica's Pathway  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Customer satisfaction, quality improvement and rework reduction are known to be the most important benefits obtained through deployment of software process maturity models and standards within an organization. Since 2003 BL Informtica has been motivated ...

Analia Irigoyen Ferreiro Ferreira; Gleison Santos; Roberta Cerqueira; Mariano Montoni; Ahilton Barreto; Andrea O. Soares Barreto; Ana Regina Rocha

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

866 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 16, NO. 6, JUNE 2012 ICE: Intelligent Cell BrEathing to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficient communications, cellular net- works, renewable energy. I. INTRODUCTION GREENING is not merely by distributed electricity generators that utilize green energy drawn from renewable sources such as solar.042312.120486 be considered. The energy arrival depends on the renewable resources, and the energy consumption depends

Ansari, Nirwan

129

Property:Pitfalls | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resistivity Survey<br>> * Substantial lengths of cable energized with current at high voltage present a safety hazard.<br>> * The Schlumberger array is a...

130

NREL GIS Data: Illinois High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Illinois at a 50 meter height.<br>> Purpose: Provide information on the wind resource development potential within Illinois.<br>> SupplementalInformation:<...

131

Department of Energy - Wyoming  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

> Refrigerators: Energy Star<br > Room Air Conditioning: Energy Star<br > Flat Panel TV: Energy Star<br > Desktop Computer: Energy Star<br > Monitor: Energy...

132

Study examining a DOE proposal to dispose of mixed low level waste at the Nevada test site using an alternative landfill design.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Department of Energy has set forth a proposal to use an Alternative Landfill Design (ALD) for the Mixed Low Level Waste disposal facility, in (more)

Hart, Deborah

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Surfaces Functionalization by Atomic Layer Deposition: From Supercondu...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a broad variety of subjects: from understanding the surface dissipation of superconductors under strong RF field to explore the synthesis by ALD of superconducting thin...

134

Integrated Sustainability Analysis of Atomic Layer Deposition for Microelectronics Manufacturing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Manufacturing and Sustainability Improvement of Nano-Integrated Sustainability Analysis of Atomic Layergrowth at atomic scale. Sustainability of ALD technology

Yuan, Chris Yingchun; David Dornfeld

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Developing and Understanding Earth-Abundant Iron-based ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ALD TiO2 coated Silicon Nanowires for Lithium Ion Battery Anodes with enhanced ... Cathode Nanomaterials for High Energy-Density Lithium-Ion Batteries.

136

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Michelle Buchanan Brenda Wyatt, Assistant to the ALD Cathy Cheverton, Executive Secretary Matrix Support Canajo Moore, Business Manager Michele Lusk, HR Manager Alex DeTrana,...

137

Seagate Crystal Reports - Meeti  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thomas R. Bieler. Assoc Prof. Michigan State Univ. Matthias Blum. ALD Vacuum Technologies Inc. Robert A. Brockman. Univ of Dayton. Peter Busse. ACCESS.

138

Atomic Layer Deposition of Al2O3 and ZnO at Atmospheric Pressure ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a unique flow tube ALD reactor that operates at pressures between ~1 and 760 Torr. .... Scaling Theory of Continuum Dislocation Dynamics in Two and Three...

139

The Radius of Metric Regularity - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ann Arbor, Michigan 48107-8604,. ald@ams.org. A. S. Lewis. Department of Combinatorics and Optimization. University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada...

140

PNNL: About PNNL - People  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (509) 375-2450 paula.linnen@pnnl.gov Paula Linnen serves as the Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) for the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

NSLS-II: Accelerator Systems Advisory Committee (ASAC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

construction, and operations of major accelerator systems. This group will advise the NSLS-II Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) and the NSLS-II Associate Director for...

142

ZnO Nanowires Grown on ZnO Thin Film Deposited by Atomic Layer ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work the atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique was used to deposit the seeding ... 3D Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs) for Li-Ion Battery Anode.

143

Argonne Software Licensing: SMART  

SMART. SMART (Simple Model for ALD Reaction and Transport) is a software developed by the Atomic Layer Deposition group at Argonne National ...

144

Materials characterization of WNxCy, WNx and WCx films for advanced barriers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A ternary WN"xC"y system was deposited in a thermal ALD (atomic layer deposition) reactor from ASM at 300^oC in a process sequence using tungsten hexafluoride (WF"6), triethyl borane (TEB) and ammonia (NH"3) as precursors. The WC"x layers were deposited ... Keywords: ALD, Atomic layer deposition, Barrier, WCx, WNx, WNxCy

H. Volders; Z. Tkei; H. Bender; B. Brijs; R. Caluwaerts; L. Carbonell; T. Conard; C. Drijbooms; A. Franquet; S. Garaud; I. Hoflijk; A. Moussa; F. Sinapi; Y. Travaly; D. Vanhaeren; G. Vereecke; C. Zhao; W. -M. Li; H. Sprey; A. M. Jonas

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Texture of atomic layer deposited ruthenium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ruthenium films were grown by plasma enhanced atomic layer deposition (ALD) on Si(100) and ALD TiN. X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed that the as-deposited films on Si(100) were polycrystalline, on TiN they were (002) oriented. After annealing at 800^oC ... Keywords: Ammonia plasma, Atomic layer deposition, Ruthenium, Silicide, Texture

J. Musschoot; Q. Xie; D. Deduytsche; K. De Keyser; D. Longrie; J. Haemers; S. Van den Berghe; R. L. Van Meirhaeghe; J. D'Haen; C. Detavernier

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Interfaces of high-k dielectrics on GaAs: Their common features and the relationship with Fermi level pinning (Invited Paper)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerous metal oxides have been studied worldwide as possible high-k gate dielectric candidates for MOS devices on alternative semiconductor materials (Ge, III/V compounds). We will discuss thermal and plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (ALD) of ... Keywords: Atomic layer deposition ALD, Atomistic modeling, GaAs MOS, High-k

Matty Caymax; Guy Brammertz; Annelies Delabie; Sonja Sioncke; Dennis Lin; Marco Scarrozza; Geoffrey Pourtois; Wei-E Wang; Marc Meuris; Marc Heyns

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

WILLIAMS ET AL. VOL. 6 ' NO. 7 ' 61856196 ' 2012 www.acsnano.org  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on ALD-Modified SiO2 Aerogel Frameworks Vennesa O. Williams, Nak Cheon Jeong, Chaiya Prasittichai aerogels was fabricated on transparent conducting oxides for use in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). These templates were coated with ZnO via atomic layer deposition (ALD) to yield an electronically interconnected

148

Department of Energy - Nevada  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gas Tankless Water Heater: 350<br > Natural Gas Clothes Dryer: 30<br > Smart Low-flow Showerhead: 20<br > Lavatory Faucet: 50<br > Windows: 1SqFt<br >Northern...

149

tutimura@mist.i.u-tokyo.ac.jp 6b;R !!M& kaneko@ipl.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:B!W­ p.1/20 #12;· · · · ­ p.2/20 #12;· · · ­ p.3/20 #12;· Java AWT/Swing (Java2D) · Tcl/Tk, Perl/Tk, Ruby = (Graphics2D)g; .... } @oN,%=%U%H%&%'%"9V5f!VTcl/Tk, Perl/Tk, Ruby/Tk · Tk $OGUI %D!Tcl, Perl, Ruby $J$I $N%9%/%j%W%H8@8l $H0l =o$K · Tcl/Tk $OJohn Ousterhout ;a $K$h$k%*!

Murota, Kazuo

150

Evidence for penguin-diagram decays: First observation of [ital B][r arrow][ital K][sup *](892)[gamma  

SciTech Connect

We have observed the decays [ital B][sup 0][r arrow][ital K][sup *](892)[sup 0][gamma] and [ital B][sup [minus

Ammar, R.; Ball, S.; Baringer, P.; Coppage, D.; Copty, N.; Davis, R.; Hancock, N.; Kelly, M.; Kwak, N.; Lam, H.; Kubota, Y.; Lattery, M.; Nelson, J.K.; Patton, S.; Perticone, D.; Poling, R.; Savinov, V.; Schrenk, S.; Wang, R.; Alam, M.S.; Kim, I.J.; Nemati, B.; O'Neill, J.J.; Severini, H.; Sun, C.R.; Zoeller, M.M.; Crawford, G.; Daubenmeir, M.; Fulton, R.; Fujino, D.; Gan, K.K.; Honscheid, K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Lee, J.; Malchow, R.; Morrow, F.; Skovpen, Y.; Sung, M.; White, C.; Whitmore, J.; Wilson, P.; Butler, F.; Fu, X.; Kalbfleisch, G.; Lambrecht, M.; Ross, W.R.; Skubic, P.; Snow, J.; Wang, P.L.; Wood, M.; Bortoletto, D.; Brown, D.N.; Fast, J.; McIlwain, R.L.; Miao, T.; Miller, D.H.; Modesitt, M.; Schaffner, S.F.; Shibata, E.I.; Shipsey, I.P.J.; Wang, P.N.; Battle, M.; Ernst, J.; Kroha, H.; Roberts, S.; Sparks, K.; Thorndike, E.H.; Wang, C.H.; Dominick, J.; Sanghera, S.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stroynowski, R.; Artuso, M.; He, D.; Goldberg, M.; Horwitz, N.; Kennett, R.; Moneti, G.C.; Muh; (CLEO Collaboration)

1993-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

151

Photodissociation Dynamics of Gas-Phase BrICl-and IBr2 Andrei Sanov, Todd Sanford, Laurie J. Butler, Jiri Vala, Ronnie Kosloff,,| and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(TCLP). To find out more about TCLP, check out the Environmental Protection Agency's web site at http

Butler, Laurie J.

152

CX-003573: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination CX-003573: Categorical Exclusion Determination Strategic Biomass Solutions<br>CX(s) Applied: A9<br>Date: 08252010<br>Location(s):...

153

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

October 03, 2013<br>Next Release Date: October 17, 2013<br>PJM West data for 2005-2012Re-released<br>><...

154

Essays on financial analysts' forecasts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. Exxon Mobil Corp Ticker AA AIG ALD AXPGeneral Motors, IBM, 3M and Exxon Mobil. Most revisions areChase, General Motors and Exxon Mobil. This high proportion

Rodriguez, Marius del Giudice

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

In-situ deposition of high-k dielectrics on III-V compound semiconductor in MOCVD system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In situ deposition of high-k materials to passivate the GaAs in metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) system was well demonstrated. Both atomic layer deposition (ALD) and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) methods ...

Cheng, Cheng-Wei, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Environmental Performance Characterization of Atomic Layer Deposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

temperature can only save 3~5% of total energy consumption.KJ per cycle. Although energy consumption of ALD process isfeatured with intensive energy consumption. For the studied

Yuan, Chris; Dornfeld, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of these catalysts is ongoing. In parallel, we are developing a pilot-scale ALD coating facility that will enable us to scale our catalyst manufacturing from grams to kilograms...

158

Committees | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(SAC) High-level advisory body to the Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) for the APS. Meets a minimum of once per year to (1) evaluate the scientific output and use of the...

159

Atomic Layer Deposition of Indium Tin Oxide Thin Films Using Nonhalogenated Jeffrey W. Elam,*, David A. Baker, Alex B. F. Martinson,, Michael J. Pellin, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

precise coatings to be applied on all exposed surfaces of nanoporous substrates such as aerogels10 using ALD techniques to apply metal oxide coatings onto porous supports such as anodic aluminum oxide

160

Atomic Layer Deposition for SRF Cavities  

SciTech Connect

We have begun using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) to synthesize a variety of surface coatings on coupons and cavities as part of an effort to produce rf structures with significantly better performance and yield than those obtained from bulk niobium, The ALD process offers the possibility of conformally coating complex cavity shapes with precise layered structures with tightly constrained morphology and chemical properties. Our program looks both at the metallurgy and superconducting properties of these coatings, and also their performance in working structures. Initial results include: 1) evidence from point contact tunneling showing magnetic oxides can be a significant limitation to high gradient operation, 2) experimental results showing the production sharp niobium/oxide interfaces from a high temperature bake of ALD coated Al2O3 on niobium surfaces, 3) results from ALD coated structures.

Norem, J; Pellin, M J; Antoine, C Z; Ciovati, G; Kneisel, P; Reece, C E; Rimmer, R A; Cooley, L; Gurevich, A V; Ha, Y; Proslier, Th

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

In-situ Synchrotron Radiation X-ray Scattering Study On The Initial Structure Of Atomic Layer Deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the excellent conformality of ALD, it is not only adopted thin film, but also has been adopted for the fabrication of nanostructures. The surface reaction of ALD process is dependent on the substrate condition, thus the study on initial stage of ALD process is crucial to achieve controllable film growth. By the way, because of quite low scattering intensity of initial ultra thin layer, the high flux Synchrotron Radiation is needed. Synchrotron radiation x-ray scattering measurements allow us to investigate the atomic structure evolution of a few nanometer thickness films at the initial growth stage, nondestructively. Ru and TaN ALD films were grown. The thickness, roughness, and electron density were estimated by X-Ray Reflectivity (XRR) analysis. The island structures and its coverage also were estimated.

Park, Y. J. [Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, POSTECH, Pohang, Gyeongbuk (Korea, Republic of); Department of MSE, POSTECH, Pohang, Gyeongbuk (Korea, Republic of); Lee, D. R. [Department of Physics, Soongsil univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Baik, S. [Department of MSE, POSTECH, Pohang, Gyeongbuk (Korea, Republic of)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

162

LES of Sandia Flame D with Eulerian PDF and Finite-Rate Chemistry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mixing models. Com- bust. Flame 136, 208216. Subramaniam,Ald n, M. , Kaminski, C. , e 2000. Flame front tracking andspanning trees. Combust. Flame 115, 487514. Tang, Q. , Xu,

Bisetti, Fabrizio; Chen, J Y

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Controlling Atomic Layer Deposition of TiO2 in Aerogels through Surface Functionalization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report demonstrates a chemical functionalization method for controlling atomic layer deposition (ALD) of TiO{sub 2} in low-density nanoporous materials. Functionalization of silica aerogel with trimethylsilane is shown to strongly suppress TiO{sub 2} growth via ALD. Subsequent modification of the functionalization through selective removal of the hydrocarbon groups reactivates the aerogel towards TiO{sub 2} deposition. These results demonstrate the potential use of ALD as a selective tool for creating novel nanoporous materials. Nanoporous materials present significant technological advantage for a wide range of applications, including catalysis, energy storage and conversion, nanoelectronics to name just a few (1-4). Hence, there is considerable interest in developing synthetic pathways for the fabrication of nanoporous materials with tailored properties. Aerogels (AGs) are unique low-density, open-cell porous materials consisting of submicrometer pores and ligaments that can be used as a robust material platform for designing novel nanoporous materials. In recent years, a synthetic approach based on ALD on AG templates has emerged as a promising method for the directed growth of nanoporous materials (5-11, 18). This approach has been used successfully to prepare millimeter-sized high aspect ratio aerogels coated uniformly with zinc oxide (ZnO), tungsten (W) and alumina (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) (10, 11). The ALD process utilizes two sequential, self-limiting surface reactions resulting in a layer-by-layer growth mode. The self limiting nature of the surface reactions makes ALD a particularly suitable technique for uniform deposition onto high aspect ratio porous substrates. Additionally, chemical specificity of the surface reactions in ALD enables one to control the deposition process through selective functionalization of the substrate surface. In fact the functionalization of planar substrates such as silicon wafers with organosilane groups (R{sub n}SiX{sub 4-n} (n = 1-3)) has been shown to deactivate the substrate towards ZrO{sub 2}, HfO{sub 2}, ZnO, and TiO{sub 2} ALD processes (12-16). A possible mechanism for the deactivation effect is the blocking of surface functional groups, such as hydroxyl (OH) moieties, which serve as chemisorption sites for the ALD precursors and hence are essential for nucleating the deposition process. Henceforth, we shall refer to these surface functional groups as nucleation sites for the ALD process.

Ghosal, S; Baumann, T F; King, J S; Kucheyev, S; Wang, Y; Worsley, M A; Biener, J; Bent, S F; Hamza, A V

2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

164

Department of Energy - Massachusetts  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Control Ventilation: 200<br > ECM Fan Motors: 150<br > Chillers: 10 - 20ton; plus performance incentive<br > Compressed Air: 100 - 200HP

<...

165

Ambient and elevated temperature fracture and cyclic-fatigue properties in a series of Al-containing silicon carbides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CJ, Lawn BR, Mai Y-W, Hockey BJ. Journal of the AmericanCJ, Lawn BR, Mai Y-W, Hockey BJ. Journal of AmericanCJ, Lawn BR, Mai Y-W, Hockey BJ. Journal of American

Yuan, Rong

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal irradiance...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b><br>Global Horizontal Irradiance<br>NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)<br>22-year Monthly & Annual Average...

167

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal irradiance GIS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

><br>Direct Normal Irradiance (kWhm2day)<br>NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)<br>22-year Monthly & Annual Average...

168

--No Title--  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for July 2013 data<br>Next Monthly Release: End of October 2013 for August 2013 data<br>>2013 Data Re-released: September 30, 2013

169

Quantification of the Mercury Adsorption Mechanism on Brominated...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(AC-Br) (DARCO Hg-LH, Norit Americas Inc.) and brominated activated carbon fibers (ACF-Br) (Illinois State Geological Survey and University of Illinois). The AC-Br sorbents...

170

California Energy Commission - Electricity Consumption by County  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County (2006-2009) Electricity consumption data from the California Energy Commission sorted by County for Residential and Non-residential from 2006 to 2009.<br>
>...

171

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt irradiance GIS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

& Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)<br> Parameter: Latitude Tilt Radiation (kWhm2day)<br> Internet: http:eosweb.larc.nasa.govsse<br> Note 1:...

172

REFRIGERATIONREFRIGERATION ((svsv: Kylteknik): Kylteknik) 424503 E 2010 #3424503 E 2010 #3 --rzrz Kylteknik ("KYL")Kylteknik ("KYL")  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Br-lean LiBr rich Heat 1. Metering device 2. Evaporator LiBr-rich 2. Evaporator 3. Absorber 4. Pump 5 systemeffect LiBr AR system /4/4SingleSingle effect LiBr AR systemeffect LiBr AR system /4/4 Example data forExample data for operating conditions 2.11.2010 ?bo Akademi Univ - Thermal and Flow Engineering Piispankatu 8

Zevenhoven, Ron

173

Absorption spectrophotometric characterization of Sm(II), Sm(III), and Sm(II/III) bromides and Sm(III) oxybromide in the solid state  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Absorption spectra obtained from SmBr/sub 3/, SmBr/sub 2/, and Sm0Br were used in identifying the samarium species in several mixed-valence Sm(II/III) compounds produced by H/sub 2/ reduction of SmBr/sub 3/. The nature of the absorption of Sm0Br made it possible to detect even traces of Sm0Br in the Sm bromides.

Wood, A.B.; Young, J.P.; Peterson, J.R.; Haschke, J.M.

1981-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

174

NREL GIS Data: Texas High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

potential within the state of Texas.<br>> SupplementalInformation: This data set has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the...

175

NREL GIS Data: South Carolina High Resolution Wind Resource  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

within the state of South Carolina.<br>> SupplementalInformation: This data set has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the...

176

NREL GIS Data: Hawaii High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

potential within the state of Hawaii.<br>> SupplementalInformation: This data set has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the...

177

NREL GIS Data: Wisconsin High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

development potential in Wisconsin.<br>> SupplementalInformation: This data set has been validated by NREL and wind energy meteorological consultants. However, the...

178

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (10km) from INPE...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

INPE -<br>National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files<br>

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

179

USLCI Interconnect Region Electricity datasets, 2008 Datasets...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

spreadsheet are also included.<br>>Datasets include generation and transmission of electricity for each of the interconnect regions. It is representative of the year...

180

Nepal: Applications of Renewable Energy Technologies  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Technologies (Abstract):Wind, biomass, bio-gas, photovoltaic and small hydro renewable energy technologies in Nepal<br> <br>(Purpose):<...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Utilization of Renewables in Bangladesh: Case Studies  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(2) Wind-solar hybrid system in Kuakata Sea Beach and (3) Micro hydro power plant of Aung Thuwi Khoi.<br> <br>(Purpose):SWERA Documentation...

182

Optimization Online - Scheduling Workover Rigs for Onshore Oil ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 12, 2003 ... Scheduling Workover Rigs for Onshore Oil Production. Dario Aloise (dario ***at** * dimap.ufrn.br) Daniel Aloise (aloise ***at*** inf.puc-rio.br)

183

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 400m...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka<br>

(Purpose):To provide information on the wind resource potential within Sri Lanka and selected offshore areas<br> <...

184

NREL GIS Data: Global Offshore Wind GIS data for offshore wind...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Offshore Wind GIS data for offshore wind speed (meterssecond). Specified to Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ).<br>>Wind resource based on NOAA blended sea winds and...

185

Atomic Layer Deposition of ZnO on Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes and Its Use for Synthesis of CNTZnO Heterostructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the atomic level. It has been applied to deposit a variety of materials including oxides and metals on various nonplanar high-aspect-ratio substrates [8]. ALD on CNTs has been an interesting topic, but there are rela- tively few reports compared to ALD... at *560 and *630 nm, a feature similar to the PL of ZnO nanowire reported by Fan et al. [21]. Emission in the green spectra range is commonly observed in bulk and nanostructure ZnO and the origin is still under debate [22, 23]. The orangered emission...

2010-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

186

Atomic-layer-deposited Al2O3 and HfO2 on GaN: A comparative study on interfaces and electrical characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Al"2O"3, HfO"2, and composite HfO"2/Al"2O"3 films were deposited on n-type GaN using atomic layer deposition (ALD). The interfacial layer of GaON and HfON was observed between HfO"2 and GaN, whereas the absence of an interfacial layer at Al"2O"3/GaN ... Keywords: Al2O3, Atomic-layer-deposition (ALD), GaN, HfO2, High k dielectric, MOS

Y. C. Chang; M. L. Huang; Y. H. Chang; Y. J. Lee; H. C. Chiu; J. Kwo; M. Hong

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Results from Point Contact Tunnelling Spectroscopy and Atomic Layer Deposition  

SciTech Connect

We have shown previously that magnetic niobium oxides can influence the superconducting density of states at the surface of cavity-grade niobium coupons. We will present recent results obtained by Point Contact Tunneling spectroscopy (PCT) on coupons removed from hot and cold spots in a niobium cavity, as well as a comparative study of magnetic oxides on mild baked/unbaked electropolished coupons. We will also describe recent results obtained from coated cavities, ALD films properties and new materials using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD).

Proslier, Th. [Illinois Institute of Technology; Zasadzinski, J. [Illinois Institute of Technology; Ciovati, Gianluigi [JLAB; Kneisel, Peter K. [JLAB; Elam, J. W. [ANL; Norem, J. [ANL; Pellin, M. J. [ANL

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

LS Directorate Science Advisory Committee (SAC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photon Sciences Science Advisory Committee (SAC) Photon Sciences Science Advisory Committee (SAC) Charter The Photon Sciences Science Advisory Committee (SAC) is responsible for advising the Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) for Photon Sciences on issues related to the scientific utilization of Photon Sciences facilities and on developments required to achieve and maintain the highest possible scientific productivity. In keeping with this, the SAC will provide advice on the following topics: Scientific output and utilization of Photon Sciences facilities Long-term scientific directions Planning, development, and operation of Photon Sciences facilities Policies and procedures relevant to user access and utilization of scientific facilities Members are appointed by the ALD for three-year terms, renewable by mutual consent. The Chair of the Photon Sciences Users' Executive Committee will be an ex-officio member of the SAC. In general, the full SAC will meet at least annually. The ALD, in consultation with the chair of the SAC, may call additional SAC meetings as necessary. The output of the SAC will consist of a confidential report of their findings and recommendations conveyed in a written report submitted to the ALD shortly after each SAC meeting.

189

Characterization of atomic layer deposited nanoscale structure on dense dielectric substrates by X-ray reflectivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interfaces play a crucial role in determining the ultimate properties of nanoscale structures. However, the characterization of such structures is difficult, as the interface can no longer be defined as the separation between two materials. The high ... Keywords: ALD, Density, Dielectrics, XRR

Y. Travaly; J. Schuhmacher; A. Martin Hoyas; T. Abell; V. Sutcliffe; A. M. Jonas; M. Van Hove; K. Maex

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Magneto-optical Kerr effect studies of Cu2O/nickel heterostructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cuprous oxide (Cu"2O) is a diamagnetic p-type semiconductor material, considered to be highly attractive for the rapidly emerging field of oxide electronics. In this work Cu"2O layers with various thicknesses were produced by atomic layer deposition ... Keywords: ALD, Cu2O, MOKE, Nickel, Spintronics

Georgeta Salvan, Peter Robaschik, Michael Fronk, Steve MLler, Thomas Waechtler, Stefan E. Schulz, Robert Mothes, Heinrich Lang, Christian Schubert, Senoy Thomas, Manfred Albrecht, Dietrich R. T. Zahn

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

DOI: 10.1002/adma.200702781 Aerogel Templated ZnO Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells**  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DOI: 10.1002/adma.200702781 Aerogel Templated ZnO Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells** By Thomas W. Hamann silica aerogel films, featuring a large range of controllable thickness and porosity, are prepared as substructure templates. The aerogel templates are coated with ZnO via atomic layer deposition (ALD) to yield

192

Carbon Nanosheets and Nanostructured Electrodes in Organic Photovoltaic Devices: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-08-321  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Carbon nanosheet thin films were employed as nanostructured electrodes in organic solar cells. Due to the nanostructured texture of the carbon nanosheet electrodes, there was an increase in performance over standard ITO electrodes with very thick active layers. ZnO deposited via atomic layer deposition (ALD) was used as a hole blocking layer to provide for carrier selectivity of the carbon nanosheets.

Olson, D.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Global and Regional Solutions Directorate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Pacific NW National Lab (PNNL) ­ Founding Director Joint Global Change Research Institute (PNNL/UMd) ­ ALD (PNNL) ­ Environmental and Health Sciences Directorate; Emerging Technologies ­ Chief Scientist ­ Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program ­ Director ­ PNNL Global Studies Program ­ Other (PNNL): Center

Homes, Christopher C.

194

Electrical properties and interfacial chemical environments of in situ atomic layer deposited Al2O3 on freshly molecular beam epitaxy grown GaAs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interfacial chemical analyses and electrical characterization of in situ atomic layer deposited (ALD) Al"2O"3 on freshly molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) grown n- and p- GaAs (001) with a (4x6) surface reconstruction are performed. The capacitance-voltage ... Keywords: Atomic layer deposition, III-V compound semiconductor, Molecular beam epitaxy

Y. H. Chang; M. L. Huang; P. Chang; C. A. Lin; Y. J. Chu; B. R. Chen; C. L. Hsu; J. Kwo; T. W. Pi; M. Hong

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Mechanisms of Atomic Layer Deposition on Substrates with Ultrahigh Aspect Ratios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as a very promising method for controlled coating of the inner surfaces of monolithic nanoporous aerogel (AG suited for coating substrates with ultrahigh aspect ratios (J103), including nanoporous solids. Here, we study the ALD of Cu and Cu3N on the inner surfaces of low-density nanoporous silica aerogel monoliths

Gordon, Roy

196

BERKELEY MADONNA IMPLEMENTATION of IKEDA's MODEL Julie Fontecave Jallon and Pierre Baconnier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-level environment available for inspection, modification and extension SAPHIR project (involved in the IUPS Physiome Engineering, vol: 7, 1979, pp. 135-166. Our aim here: Showing the possibility of transposing the existing volume Plasma volume ADH ALD OSMP PAS QIN QWU STBC VEC VIC VIF VP Berkeley-Madonna Ikeda et al., 1979

Fontecave-Jallon, Julie

197

Effective passivation of In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As by HfO{sub 2} surpassing Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} via in-situ atomic layer deposition  

SciTech Connect

High {kappa} gate dielectrics of HfO{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} were deposited on molecular beam epitaxy-grown In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As pristine surface using in-situ atomic-layer-deposition (ALD) without any surface treatment or passivation layer. The ALD-HfO{sub 2}/p-In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As interface showed notable reduction in the interfacial density of states (D{sub it}), deduced from quasi-static capacitance-voltage and conductance-voltage (G-V) at room temperature and 100 Degree-Sign C. More significantly, the midgap peak commonly observed in the D{sub it}(E) of ALD-oxides/In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As is now greatly diminished. The midgap D{sub it} value decreases from {>=}15 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} eV{sup -1} cm{sup -2} for ALD-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} to {approx}2-4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} eV{sup -1} cm{sup -2} for ALD-HfO{sub 2}. Further, thermal stability at 850 Degree-Sign C was achieved in the HfO{sub 2}/In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As, whereas C-V characteristics of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/p-In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As degraded after the high temperature annealing. From in-situ x-ray photoelectron spectra, the AsO{sub x}, which is not the oxidized state from the native oxide, but is an induced state from adsorption of trimethylaluminum and H{sub 2}O, was found at the ALD-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As interface, while that was not detected at the ALD-HfO{sub 2}/In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}As interface.

Chang, Y. H.; Chiang, T. H. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Lin, C. A.; Liu, Y. T.; Lin, H. Y.; Huang, M. L.; Kwo, J. [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Lin, T. D.; Hong, M. [Graduate Institute of Applied Physics and Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Pi, T. W. [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China)

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

198

Flexible Ultra Moisture Barrier Film for Thin-Film Photovoltaic Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flexible Thin-film photovoltaic (TFPV) is a low cost alternative to incumbent c-Si PV products as it requires less volume of costly semiconductor materials and it can potentially reduce installation cost. Among the TFPV options, copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) has the highest efficiency and is believed to be one of the most attractive candidates to achieve PV cost reduction. However, CIGS cells are very moisture sensitive and require module water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) of less than 1x10-4 gram of water per square meter per day (g-H2O/m2/day). Successful development and commercialization of flexible transparent ultra moisture barrier film is the key to enable flexible CIGS TFPV products, and thus enable ultimate PV cost reduction. At DuPont, we have demonstrated at lab scale that we can successfully make polymer-based flexible transparent ultra moisture barrier film by depositing alumina on polymer films using atomic layer deposition (ALD) technology. The layer by layer ALD approach results in uniform and amorphous structure which effectively reduces pinhole density of the inorganic coating on the polymer, and thus allow the fabrication of flexible barrier film with WVTR of 10-5 g-H2O/m2/day. Currently ALD is a time-consuming process suitable only for high-value, relatively small substrates. To successfully commercialize the ALD-on-plastic technology for the PV industry, there is the need to scale up this technology and improve throughput. The goal of this contract work was to build a prototype demonstrating that the ALD technology could be scaled-up for commercial use. Unfortunately, the prototype failed to produce an ultra-barrier film by the close of the project.

David M. Dean

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

199

Energy Technology Division research summary - 1999.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Energy Technology Division provides materials and engineering technology support to a wide range of programs important to the US Department of Energy. As shown on the preceding page, the Division is organized into ten sections, five with concentrations in the materials area and five in engineering technology. Materials expertise includes fabrication, mechanical properties, corrosion, friction and lubrication, and irradiation effects. Our major engineering strengths are in heat and mass flow, sensors and instrumentation, nondestructive testing, transportation, and electromechanics and superconductivity applications. The Division Safety Coordinator, Environmental Compliance Officers, Quality Assurance Representative, Financial Administrator, and Communication Coordinator report directly to the Division Director. The Division Director is personally responsible for cultural diversity and is a member of the Laboratory-wide Cultural Diversity Advisory Committee. The Division's capabilities are generally applied to issues associated with energy production, transportation, utilization, or conservation, or with environmental issues linked to energy. As shown in the organization chart on the next page, the Division reports administratively to the Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) for Energy and Environmental Science and Technology (EEST) through the General Manager for Environmental and Industrial Technologies. While most of our programs are under the purview of the EEST ALD, we also have had programs funded under every one of the ALDs. Some of our research in superconductivity is funded through the Physical Research Program ALD. We also continue to work on a number of nuclear-energy-related programs under the ALD for Engineering Research. Detailed descriptions of our programs on a section-by-section basis are provided in the remainder of this book.

NONE

1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

200

Epitaxial strontium titanate films grown by atomic layer deposition on SrTiO{sub 3}-buffered Si(001) substrates  

SciTech Connect

Epitaxial strontium titanate (STO) films have been grown by atomic layer deposition (ALD) on Si(001) substrates with a thin STO buffer layer grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Four unit cells of STO grown by MBE serve as the surface template for ALD growth. The STO films grown by ALD are crystalline as-deposited with minimal, if any, amorphous SiO{sub x} layer at the STO-Si interface. The growth of STO was achieved using bis(triisopropylcyclopentadienyl)-strontium, titanium tetraisopropoxide, and water as the coreactants at a substrate temperature of 250 Degree-Sign C. In situ x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis revealed that the ALD process did not induce additional Si-O bonding at the STO-Si interface. Postdeposition XPS analysis also revealed sporadic carbon incorporation in the as-deposited films. However, annealing at a temperature of 250 Degree-Sign C for 30 min in moderate to high vacuum (10{sup -6}-10{sup -9} Torr) removed the carbon species. Higher annealing temperatures (>275 Degree-Sign C) gave rise to a small increase in Si-O bonding, as indicated by XPS, but no reduced Ti species were observed. X-ray diffraction revealed that the as-deposited STO films were c-axis oriented and fully crystalline. A rocking curve around the STO(002) reflection gave a full width at half maximum of 0.30 Degree-Sign {+-} 0.06 Degree-Sign for film thicknesses ranging from 5 to 25 nm. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy revealed that the STO films were continuous with conformal growth to the substrate and smooth interfaces between the ALD- and MBE-grown STO. Overall, the results indicate that thick, crystalline STO can be grown on Si(001) substrates by ALD with minimal formation of an amorphous SiO{sub x} layer using a four-unit-cell STO buffer layer grown by MBE to serve as the surface template.

McDaniel, Martin D.; Posadas, Agham; Ngo, Thong Q.; Dhamdhere, Ajit; Smith, David J.; Demkov, Alexander A.; Ekerdt, John G. [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C0400, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C1600, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C0400, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1504 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C1600, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C0400, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Document  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2004 Marketing Plan, is an entity that has executed a BR contract and is allocated a percentage of the BR. The FP percentages are reviewed during March of each year; and if the...

202

Green Button Applications | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Recent content Probably the best reference on... Hi Vivek-<br>>I reached... OpenEI green button SDK Renewable Energy, Right in Your Back Yard The Green Button SDK is...

203

Climate: monthly and annual average cooling degree days above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

at one-degree resolution of the World from NASASSE

(Abstract):<br>Cooling Degree Days above 10 C (degree days)<br>The monthly accumulation of degrees when...

204

NREL GIS Data: U.S. Gulf of Mexico Coast Offshore Windspeed 90m...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ative%28%27pubyear%2FDescend%27%29" target"new" title"NREL Publication"> Assessment of Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States.<br>> These data were produced...

205

NREL GIS Data: U.S. Hawaii Offshore Windspeed 90m Height High...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ative%28%27pubyear%2FDescend%27%29" target"new" title"NREL Publication"> Assessment of Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States.<br>> These data were produced...

206

NREL GIS Data: U.S. Great Lakes Offshore Windspeed 90m Height...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ative%28%27pubyear%2FDescend%27%29" target"new" title"NREL Publication"> Assessment of Offshore Wind Energy Resources for the United States.<br>> These data were produced...

207

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 10m and 50m...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

data files of wind speed and wind power density at 10 and 50 m heights. Global data of offshore wind resource as generated by NASA's QuikScat SeaWinds scatterometer.<br>>...

208

1 | P a g e 2. Speaker's notes: Read the opinions expressed sentence here!!!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to ensure protection of people and the environment. --NUREG BR-0500 A positive safety culture isn and the environment.--NUREG BR-0500 The recent history of our group is a case of developing an integrated system

209

Erosion control reduces fine particles in runoff to Lake Tahoe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incorporation of woodchips, or compost combined with mulchPN) Br ca, El el (100 kg/ha) Compost Biosol PN over straw Elel, El gl, Br ca Compost Biosol PN None Caltrans type-B

Grismer, Mark E.; Ellis, A. L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

NREL GIS Data: Minnesota High Resolution Wind Resource Abstract...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

it to power density assuming a Weibull K of 2.0 and using elevation to estimate air density.<br>> OtherCitationDetails: This map has been validated with available...

211

Metrology and Precision for Nanoscale Manufacturing:  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 27 cobalt Co 78 platinum Pt 45 palladium Pd 28 nickel Ni 35 Br35 Bromine Br 30 zinc Zn 32 germanium Ge 83 bismuth Bi 6 carbon C 2 helium He ...

212

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 50m above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

from the KAMMWASP studies for Kenya. <br>>The KAMMWAsP methodology uses a set of wind classes to represent wind conditions for the mapped region. A mesoscale simulation for...

213

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 50m above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Nepal. <br>>The KAMMWAsP methodology uses a set of windclasses to represent wind conditions for the mapped region. A mesoscale simulation for each wind class, using...

214

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 50m above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the KAMMWASP studies for Ethiopia. <br>>The KAMMWAsP methodology uses a set of wind classes to represent wind conditions for the mapped region. A mesoscale simulation for...

215

Wind: wind speed and wind power density GIS data at 50m above...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

See supplemental information.<br>>The KAMMWAsP methodology uses a set of wind classes to represent wind conditions for the mapped region. A mesoscale simulation for...

216

Modeling of Molten Salt Mixtures: Thermodynamic Assessment of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Modeling of Molten Salt Mixtures: Thermodynamic Assessment of CeBr3 and MBr-CeBr3 Systems (M=Li, Na, K, Rb). Author(s), Yue Wu,...

217

STUDIES OF CHROMATIN IN SITU BY FLUORESCENCE CORRELATION SPECTROSCOPY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

USA lf, EtBr Bindin to Chromatin EtBr is used as a probe ofDNA. The DNA in chromatin is in an environment veryDye binding in different chromatin samples was effected by

Sorscher, Stanley M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Analytical solution for the pull-out response of FRP rods embedded in steel tubes filled with cement grout  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

anchorages for FRP tendons. J Compos Constr ASCE 4(2):3947.doi:10.1061/(ASCE) Zhang BR, Benmokrane B, Chennouf A,anchors. J Compos Constr ASCE 5(2): Zhang BR, Benmokrane B,

Wu, Zhimin; Yang, Shutong; Zheng, Jianjun; Hu, Xiaozhi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Property:Incentive/TotalFund | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

228 million annually<br > RDandD: 62.5 million annually<br > Beginning 2005, natural gas subaccount baseline funding of 12 million with increase of up to 3 million...

220

Company Name Company Name Address Place Zip Sector Product Website  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A2BE Carbon Capture LLC A2BE Carbon Capture LLC Panorama Ave Boulder A2BE Carbon Capture LLC A2BE Carbon Capture LLC Panorama Ave Boulder Colorado Biofuels Developing technology for producing valuable fuel and food from CO2 using algal photosynthesis and bio harvesting http www algaeatwork com Rockies Area AC Solar Inc AC Solar Inc P O Box Florence Colorado Gateway Solar Solar and wind sales for residential http www acsolar com Rockies Area ALD Nanosolutions ALD Nanosolutions E Burbank Street Unit Broomfield Colorado http www aldnanosolutions com contact php Rockies Area Abengoa Solar Abengoa Solar W th Ave Lakewood Colorado Gateway Solar Solar developer http www abengoasolar com Rockies Area Abound Solar Abound Solar Rocky Mountain Avenue Suite Loveland Colorado Gateway Solar Thin film cadmium telluride solar modules http www abound

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Argonne Breaks Ground on $34.5M MX Research Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stephenson Appointed ALD for Photon Sciences Stephenson Appointed ALD for Photon Sciences APS, Other DOE Labs Help Develop New Cancer Fighting Drug Paper on Fast Pharmaceuticals by APS Authors Featured in New Journal Art Scene Investigation: Picasso goes Nanotech Linda Young of APS Elected Vice Chair of DAMOP APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Argonne Breaks Ground on $34.5M MX Research Facility SEPTEMBER 15, 2011 Bookmark and Share Artist's rendering of the Advanced Protein Crystallization Facility (left in drawing). The Advanced Photon Source experiment hall is at right. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Argonne National Laboratory broke ground on August 30, 2011, for a $34.5 million Advanced Protein

222

Argonne CNM: 2013 Colloquium Series  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Colloquium Series 3 Colloquium Series 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | Date Title December 18, 2013 "Monodisperse Carbon Nanomaterial Heterostructures," by Mark Hersam, Northwestern University, hosted by Tijana Rajh Abstract: Improvements in carbon nanomaterial monodispersity have yielded corresponding enhancements in the performance of electronic, optoelectronic, sensing, and energy technologies. However, in all of these cases, carbon nanomaterials are just one of many materials employed, suggesting that further device improvements can be achieved by focusing on the integration of disparate nanomaterials into heterostructures with well-defined interfaces. For example, organic self-assembled monolayers on graphene act as effective seeding layers for atomic layer deposited (ALD) dielectrics, resulting in metal-oxide-graphene capacitors with wafer-scale reliability and uniformity comparable to ALD dielectrics on silicon.

223

APS User News, Special Issue 72  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SPECIAL ISSUE 72, September 8, 2011 SPECIAL ISSUE 72, September 8, 2011 Message from Eric Isaacs: Stephenson Named APS Director To the APS User Community, I'm extremely pleased to announce that Brian Stephenson has been appointed Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) for Photon Sciences, effective September 1, 2011. The directorate comprises three research and support divisions centered on Argonne's Advanced Photon Source (APS). As you know, Brian has been interim ALD for Photon Sciences since October 2010, proving his abilities to lead both the directorate and the Advanced Photon Source Upgrade project effort. He is a recognized and widely known world leader in X-ray science with vast knowledge and expertise in synchrotrons, beamlines, and instrumentation. He received an R&D 100 award

224

Atomic Layer Deposited Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} as Characterized Reference Samples for Nanolayer Metrology  

SciTech Connect

Plasma assisted Atomic Layer Deposition Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} samples were studied using an approach of complementary metrology using Ellipsometry, X-Ray Reflectivity, Atomic Force Microscopy, and Total Reflection X-Ray Fluorescence. For modeling the samples, an interfacial rough SiO{sub 2} layer has to be assumed. The excellent linearity of the ALD process was used to cross check Ellipsometry and X-Ray Reflectivity. In contrast to Ellipsometry, X-Ray Reflectivity showed a residual surface layer, identified as chlorine contaminated layer by TXRF. The samples are shown to be ideal candidates for calibration of X-ray fluorescence as the Al signal linearly depends on the film thickness or ALD cycles. Furthermore, the impact of self-absorption of thick layers for TXRF was shown by the samples.

Nutsch, A.; Lemberger, M. [Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Systems and Device Technology, Schottkystrasse 10, 91058 Erlangen (Germany); Petrik, P. [Research Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science, Konkoly Thege u. 29-33, 1121 Budapest (Hungary)

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

225

Ultra-low loading Pt nanocatalysts prepared by atomic layer deposition on carbon aerogels  

SciTech Connect

Using atomic layer deposition (ALD), we show that Pt nanoparticles can be deposited on the inner surfaces of carbon aerogels (CA). The resultant Pt-loaded materials exhibit high catalytic activity for the oxidation of CO even at loading levels as low as {approx}0.05 mg Pt/cm{sup 2}. We observe a conversion efficiency of nearly 100% in the temperatures range 150-250 C, and the total conversion rate seems to be only limited by the thermal stability of our CA support in ambient oxygen. Our ALD approach described here is universal in nature, and can be applied to the design of new catalytic materials for a variety of applications, including fuel cells, hydrogen storage, pollution control, green chemistry, and liquid fuel production.

King, J S; Wittstock, A; Biener, J; Kucheyev, S O; Wang, Y M; Baumann, T F; Giri, S; Hamza, A V; Baeumer, M; Bent, S F

2008-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

226

2003MayMFGS&T  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-Vol. 1 No. 3 3-Vol. 1 No. 3 Atomic Layer Deposition of Wear-Resistant Coatings for MicroElectroMechanical Devices F riction and wear are major concerns in the performance and reliability of microelectromechanical (MEMS) devices employing sliding contacts. While many tri- bological coating materials are available, most traditional surface coating processes are largely line-of-sight techniques and are unable to apply conformal coatings to the high aspect ratio (height/width) struc- tures such as gear hubs and teeth, typical of MEMS devices. We have demonstrated that thin, conformal, wear resistant coat- ings can be applied to silicon surface micromachined (SMM) structures by atomic layer deposition (ALD). ALD is a chemical vapor deposi- tion process that employs self-limit- ing surface reactions applied in a

227

Ultra-thin microporous/hybrid materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ultra-thin hybrid and/or microporous materials and methods for their fabrication are provided. In one embodiment, the exemplary hybrid membranes can be formed including successive surface activation and reaction steps on a porous support that is patterned or non-patterned. The surface activation can be performed using remote plasma exposure to locally activate the exterior surfaces of porous support. Organic/inorganic hybrid precursors such as organometallic silane precursors can be condensed on the locally activated exterior surfaces, whereby ALD reactions can then take place between the condensed hybrid precursors and a reactant. Various embodiments can also include an intermittent replacement of ALD precursors during the membrane formation so as to enhance the hybrid molecular network of the membranes.

Jiang, Ying-Bing (Albuquerque, NM); Cecchi, Joseph L. (Albuquerque, NM); Brinker, C. Jeffrey (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

228

Introduction On the Fault Resilience Metric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Fl´avia Maristela2, Ver^onica Lima3 gmlima@ufba.br, flaviamsn@ifba.edu.br, cadena@ufba.br 1Department of Computer Science ­ Distributed Systems Lab (UFBA) 2Department Technology in Electro-electronics (IFBA) 3 and Real-time Systems George Lima, Fl´avia Maristela, Ver^onica Lima gmlima@ufba.br, flaviamsn@ifba

Lipari, Giuseppe

229

New Proofs of the Uniqueness of Extremal Noneven Chjan C. Lim and Gregory K. Van Patten  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, B.R. Shader, Nonsingular Sign Patterns and the Conversion of the Per­ manent into the Determinant

Lim, Chjan C.

230

The New Steel Conference Speaker: D. Furdek  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Boeing Research and Technology (BR&T). Dave's group spans three sites including Seattle, St. Louis, and Huntington Beach ...

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

231

IM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Anterior end blunt, flattened curve (Br, Fig. 15. D), posterior dorsal margin angular (Ang, Fig. 15. D), no ridges evident ......

232

Accelerated Publication: Drain current enhancement and negligible current collapse in GaN MOSFETs with atomic-layer-deposited HfO2 as a gate dielectric  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accumulation-type GaN metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect-transistors (MOSFET's) with atomic-layer-deposited HfO"2 gate dielectrics have been fabricated; a 4@mm gate-length device with a gate dielectric of 14.8nm in thickness (an equivalent SiO"2 ... Keywords: Atomic layer deposition (ALD), Current collapse, GaN, HfO2, Metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect-transistor (MOSFET)

Y. C. Chang; W. H. Chang; Y. H. Chang; J. Kwo; Y. S. Lin; S. H. Hsu; J. M. Hong; C. C. Tsai; M. Hong

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

EIA Data: 2008 International Coal Reserves This simple table...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

shown<br> NA Not available <br> W Data withheld to avoid disclosure <br> F Forecast

2011-03-21T18:41:11Z 2011-08-04T17:31:17Z I accessed this dataset from a...

234

Synthesis of Pt?Pd Core?Shell Nanostructures by Atomic Layer Deposition: Application in Propane Oxidative Dehydrogenation to Propylene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atomic layer deposition (ALD) was employed to synthesize supported Pt?Pd bimetallic particles in the 1 to 2 nm range. The metal loading and composition of the supported Pt?Pd nanoparticles were controlled by varying the deposition temperature and by applying ALD metal oxide coatings to modify the support surface chemistry. Highresolution scanning transmission electron microscopy images showed monodispersed Pt?Pd nanoparticles on ALD Al2O3 - and TiO2 -modi?ed SiO2 gel. X-ray absorption spectroscopy revealed that the bimetallic nanoparticles have a stable Pt-core, Pd-shell nanostructure. Density functional theory calculations revealed that the most stable surface con?guration for the Pt? Pd alloys in an H2 environment has a Pt-core, Pd-shell nanostructure. In comparison to their monometallic counterparts, the small Pt?Pd bimetallic core?shell nanoparticles exhibited higher activity in propane oxidative dehydrogenation as compared to their physical mixture.

Lei, Y.; Liu, Bin; Lu, Junling; Lobo-Lapidus, Rodrigo J.; Wu, Tianpin; Feng, Hao; Xia, Xiaoxing; Mane, Anil U.; Libera, Joseph A.; Greeley, Jeffrey P.; Miller, Jeffrey T.; Elam, J. W.

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

235

Selective atomic layer deposition with electron-beam patterned self-assembled monolayers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors selectively deposited nanolines of titanium oxide (TiO{sub 2}) through atomic layer deposition (ALD) using an octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS) self-assembled monolayer (SAM) as a nucleation inhibition layer. Electron-beam (e-beam) patterning is used to prepare nanoline patterns in the OTS SAM on SiO{sub 2}/Si substrates suitable for selective ALD. The authors have investigated the effect of an e-beam dose on the pattern width of the selectively deposited TiO{sub 2} lines. A high dose (e.g., 20 nC/cm) causes broadening of the linewidth possibly due to scattering, while a low dose (e.g., 5 nC/cm) results in a low TiO{sub 2} deposition rate because of incomplete exposure of the OTS SAMs. The authors have confirmed that sub-30 nm isolated TiO{sub 2} lines can be achieved by selective ALD combined with OTS patterned by EBL at an accelerating voltage of 2 kV and line dose of 10 nC/cm. This research offers a new approach for patterned gate dielectric layer fabrication, as well as potential applications for nanosensors and solar cells.

Huang, Jie; Lee, Mingun; Kim, Jiyoung [Department of Material Science and Engineering, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas 75080 (United States); Department of Material Science and Engineering, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas 75080 and Dongjin Semichem Co., Ltd, 625-3, Yodang-ri, Yangam-myun, Hwasung-si, Gyeonggi-do, 445-930 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Material Science and Engineering, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas 75080 (United States)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Plasma-enhanced and thermal atomic layer deposition of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} using dimethylaluminum isopropoxide, [Al(CH{sub 3}){sub 2}({mu}-O{sup i}Pr)]{sub 2}, as an alternative aluminum precursor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have been investigating the use of [Al(CH{sub 3}){sub 2}({mu}-O{sup i}Pr)]{sub 2} (DMAI) as an alternative Al precursor to [Al(CH{sub 3}){sub 3}] (TMA) for remote plasma-enhanced and thermal ALD over wide temperature ranges of 25-400 and 100-400 deg. C, respectively. The growth per cycle (GPC) obtained using in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry for plasma-enhanced ALD was 0.7-0.9 A/cycle, generally lower than the >0.9 A/cycle afforded by TMA. In contrast, the thermal process gave a higher GPC than TMA above 250 deg. C, but below this temperature, the GPC decreased rapidly with decreasing temperature. Quadrupole mass spectrometry data confirmed that both CH{sub 4} and HO{sup i}Pr were formed during the DMAI dose for both the plasma-enhanced and thermal processes. CH{sub 4} and HO{sup i}Pr were also formed during the H{sub 2}O dose but combustion-like products (CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O) were observed during the O{sub 2} plasma dose. Rutherford backscattering spectrometry showed that, for temperatures >100 deg. C and >200 deg. C for plasma-enhanced and thermal ALD, respectively, films from DMAI had an O/Al ratio of 1.5-1.6, a H content of {approx}5 at. % and mass densities of 2.7-3.0 g cm{sup -3}. The film compositions afforded from DMAI were comparable to those from TMA at deposition temperatures {>=}150 deg. C At lower temperatures, there were differences in O, H, and C incorporation. 30 nm thick Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} films from the plasma-enhanced ALD of DMAI were found to passivate n- and p-type Si floatzone wafers ({approx}3.5 and {approx}2 {Omega} cm, respectively) with effective carrier lifetimes comparable to those obtained using TMA. Surface recombination velocities of < 3 and < 6 cm s{sup -1} were obtained for the n- and p-type Si, respectively. Using these results, the film properties obtained using DMAI and TMA are compared and the mechanisms for the plasma-enhanced and thermal ALD using DMAI are discussed.

Potts, Stephen E.; Dingemans, Gijs; Lachaud, Christophe; Kessels, W. M. M. [Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P. O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); Air Liquide Research and Development, 1 Chemin de la Porte des Loges, BP 126, 78345 Jouy-en-Josas (France); Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P. O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

237

Energy Technology Division research summary 1997.  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Technology Division provides materials and engineering technology support to a wide range of programs important to the US Department of Energy. As shown on the preceding page, the Division is organized into ten sections, five with concentrations in the materials area and five in engineering technology. Materials expertise includes fabrication, mechanical properties, corrosion, friction and lubrication, and irradiation effects. Our major engineering strengths are in heat and mass flow, sensors and instrumentation, nondestructive testing, transportation, and electromechanics and superconductivity applications. The Division Safety Coordinator, Environmental Compliance Officers, Quality Assurance Representative, Financial Administrator, and Communication Coordinator report directly to the Division Director. The Division Director is personally responsible for cultural diversity and is a member of the Laboratory-wide Cultural Diversity Advisory Committee. The Division's capabilities are generally applied to issues associated with energy production, transportation, utilization or conservation, or with environmental issues linked to energy. As shown in the organization chart on the next page, the Division reports administratively to the Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) for Energy and Environmental Science and Technology (EEST) through the General Manager for Environmental and Industrial Technologies. While most of our programs are under the purview of the EEST ALD, we also have had programs funded under every one of the ALDs. Some of our research in superconductivity is funded through the Physical Research Program ALD. We also continue to work on a number of nuclear-energy-related programs under the ALD for Engineering Research. Detailed descriptions of our programs on a section-by-section basis are provided in the remainder of this book. This Overview highlights some major trends. Research related to the operational safety of commercial light water nuclear reactors (LWRS) is funded by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). In addition to our ongoing work on environmentally assisted cracking and steam generator integrity, a major new multiyear program has been initiated to assess the performance of high-burnup fuel during loss-of-coolant accidents. The bulk of the NRC research work is carried out in four ET sections: Corrosion: Mechanics of Materials; Irradiation Performance: and Sensors, Instrumentation, and Nondestructive Evaluation. The Transportation of Hazardous Materials Section is the other main contributor; staff from that Section have worked closely with NRC staff to draft a new version of the NRC Standard Review Plan that will be used to provide guidance to NRC reviewers of applications for the renewal of nuclear plant licenses.

1997-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

238

Energy Technology Division research summary 1997.  

SciTech Connect

The Energy Technology Division provides materials and engineering technology support to a wide range of programs important to the US Department of Energy. As shown on the preceding page, the Division is organized into ten sections, five with concentrations in the materials area and five in engineering technology. Materials expertise includes fabrication, mechanical properties, corrosion, friction and lubrication, and irradiation effects. Our major engineering strengths are in heat and mass flow, sensors and instrumentation, nondestructive testing, transportation, and electromechanics and superconductivity applications. The Division Safety Coordinator, Environmental Compliance Officers, Quality Assurance Representative, Financial Administrator, and Communication Coordinator report directly to the Division Director. The Division Director is personally responsible for cultural diversity and is a member of the Laboratory-wide Cultural Diversity Advisory Committee. The Division's capabilities are generally applied to issues associated with energy production, transportation, utilization or conservation, or with environmental issues linked to energy. As shown in the organization chart on the next page, the Division reports administratively to the Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) for Energy and Environmental Science and Technology (EEST) through the General Manager for Environmental and Industrial Technologies. While most of our programs are under the purview of the EEST ALD, we also have had programs funded under every one of the ALDs. Some of our research in superconductivity is funded through the Physical Research Program ALD. We also continue to work on a number of nuclear-energy-related programs under the ALD for Engineering Research. Detailed descriptions of our programs on a section-by-section basis are provided in the remainder of this book. This Overview highlights some major trends. Research related to the operational safety of commercial light water nuclear reactors (LWRS) is funded by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). In addition to our ongoing work on environmentally assisted cracking and steam generator integrity, a major new multiyear program has been initiated to assess the performance of high-burnup fuel during loss-of-coolant accidents. The bulk of the NRC research work is carried out in four ET sections: Corrosion: Mechanics of Materials; Irradiation Performance: and Sensors, Instrumentation, and Nondestructive Evaluation. The Transportation of Hazardous Materials Section is the other main contributor; staff from that Section have worked closely with NRC staff to draft a new version of the NRC Standard Review Plan that will be used to provide guidance to NRC reviewers of applications for the renewal of nuclear plant licenses.

NONE

1997-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

239

Plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition and etching of high-k gadolinium oxide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atomic layer deposition (ALD) of high-quality gadolinium oxide thin films is achieved using Gd(iPrCp){sub 3} and O{sub 2} plasma. Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} growth is observed from 150 to 350 deg. C, though the optical properties of the film improve at higher temperature. True layer-by-layer ALD growth of Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} occurred in a relatively narrow window of temperature and precursor dose. A saturated growth rate of 1.4 A/cycle was observed at 250 deg. C. As the temperature increases, high-quality films are deposited, but the growth mechanism appears to become CVD-like, indicating the onset of precursor decomposition. At 250 deg. C, the refractive index of the film is stable at {approx}1.80 regardless of other deposition conditions, and the measured dispersion characteristics are comparable to those of bulk Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}. XPS data show that the O/Gd ratio is oxygen deficient at 1.3, and that it is also very hygroscopic. The plasma etching rate of the ALD Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} film in a high-density helicon reactor is very low. Little difference is observed in etching rate between Cl{sub 2} and pure Ar plasmas, suggesting that physical sputtering dominates the etching. A threshold bias power exists below which etching does not occur; thus it may be possible to etch a metal gate material and stop easily on the Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} gate dielectric. The Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} film has a dielectric constant of about 16, exhibits low C-V hysteresis, and allows a 50 x reduction in gate leakage compared to SiO{sub 2}. However, the plasma enhanced atomic layer deposition (PE-ALD) process causes formation of an {approx}1.8 nm SiO{sub 2} interfacial layer, and generates a fixed charge of -1.21 x 10{sup 12} cm{sup -2}, both of which may limit use of PE-ALD Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} as a gate dielectric.

Vitale, Steven A.; Wyatt, Peter W.; Hodson, Chris J. [MIT Lincoln Laboratory, 244 Wood Street, Lexington, Massachusetts 02420 (United States); Oxford Instruments Plasma Technology, Yatton, Bristol, BS49 4AP (United Kingdom)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

240

Shape-selective catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch chemistry. Final report : January 1, 2001 - December 31, 2008.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory carried out a research program to create, prepare, and evaluate catalysts to promote Fischer-Tropsch (FT) chemistry-specifically, the reaction of hydrogen with carbon monoxide to form long-chain hydrocarbons. In addition to needing high activity, it was desirable that the catalysts have high selectivity and stability with respect to both mechanical strength and aging properties. It was desired that selectivity be directed toward producing diesel fraction components and avoiding excess yields of both light hydrocarbons and heavy waxes. The original goal was to produce shape-selective catalysts that had the potential to limit the formation of long-chain products and yet retain the active metal sites in a protected 'cage.' This cage would also restrict their loss by attrition during use in slurry-bed reactors. The first stage of this program was to prepare and evaluate iron-containing particulate catalysts. Such catalysts were prepared with silica-containing fractal cages. The activity and strength was essentially the same as that of catalysts without the cages. Since there was no improvement, the program plan was modified as discussed below. A second experimental stage was undertaken to prepare and evaluate active FT catalysts formed by atomic-layer deposition [ALD] of active components on supported membranes and particulate supports. The concept was that of depositing active metals (i.e. ruthenium, iron or cobalt) upon membranes with well defined flow channels of small diameter and length such that the catalytic activity and product molecular weight distribution could be controlled. In order to rapidly evaluate the catalytic membranes, the ALD coating processes were performed in an 'exploratory mode' in which ALD procedures from the literature appropriate for coating flat surfaces were applied to the high surface area membranes. Consequently, the Fe and Ru loadings in the membranes were likely to be smaller than those expected for complete monolayer coverage. In addition, there was likely to be significant variation in the Fe and Ru loading among the membranes due to difficulties in nucleating these materials on the aluminum oxide surfaces. The first series of experiments using coated membranes demonstrated that the technology needed further improvement. Specifically, observed catalytic FT activity was low. This low activity appeared to be due to: (1) low available surface area, (2) atomic deposition techniques that needed improvements, and (3) insufficient preconditioning of the catalyst surface prior to FT testing. Therefore, experimentation was expanded to the use of particulate silica supports having defined channels and reasonably high surface area. An effective FT catalyst consisting of ALD-deposited Co and Pt on a silica support has been prepared and demonstrated. This catalyst was more effective than a similar catalyst deposited upon a support of ALD-deposited Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} on silica. This result implies that the deposition of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} to form a support is not as effective as desired. The addition of Pt as a Co-containing catalyst promoter has been demonstrated; it appears to primarily affect the catalyst pre-conditioning step. Co on Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst prepared by the Center for Applied Energy Research (CAER) is more effective than Argonne-prepared ALD-deposited Co on ALD-deposited Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst. The FT activity of ALD-coated Co catalyst on Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} is about linear with Co level from about 9 to 25%. A cooperative research effort was undertaken to test the deposition of platinum on Co FT catalysts; this Pt influences the effectiveness of catalyst conditioning and its continuing activity. In summary, the ALD Pt at a low concentration (0.1 wt %) was as effective as that of the wet chemical deposition technique of CAER (specifically incipient deposition on a Co catalyst that had been prepared and calcined before the Pt deposition.) The ALD technique appeared to be nominally better than the incipient wetness technique that involved co-deposition of

Cronauer, D. C. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division)

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Shape-selective catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch chemistry. Final report : January 1, 2001 - December 31, 2008.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory carried out a research program to create, prepare, and evaluate catalysts to promote Fischer-Tropsch (FT) chemistry-specifically, the reaction of hydrogen with carbon monoxide to form long-chain hydrocarbons. In addition to needing high activity, it was desirable that the catalysts have high selectivity and stability with respect to both mechanical strength and aging properties. It was desired that selectivity be directed toward producing diesel fraction components and avoiding excess yields of both light hydrocarbons and heavy waxes. The original goal was to produce shape-selective catalysts that had the potential to limit the formation of long-chain products and yet retain the active metal sites in a protected 'cage.' This cage would also restrict their loss by attrition during use in slurry-bed reactors. The first stage of this program was to prepare and evaluate iron-containing particulate catalysts. Such catalysts were prepared with silica-containing fractal cages. The activity and strength was essentially the same as that of catalysts without the cages. Since there was no improvement, the program plan was modified as discussed below. A second experimental stage was undertaken to prepare and evaluate active FT catalysts formed by atomic-layer deposition [ALD] of active components on supported membranes and particulate supports. The concept was that of depositing active metals (i.e. ruthenium, iron or cobalt) upon membranes with well defined flow channels of small diameter and length such that the catalytic activity and product molecular weight distribution could be controlled. In order to rapidly evaluate the catalytic membranes, the ALD coating processes were performed in an 'exploratory mode' in which ALD procedures from the literature appropriate for coating flat surfaces were applied to the high surface area membranes. Consequently, the Fe and Ru loadings in the membranes were likely to be smaller than those expected for complete monolayer coverage. In addition, there was likely to be significant variation in the Fe and Ru loading among the membranes due to difficulties in nucleating these materials on the aluminum oxide surfaces. The first series of experiments using coated membranes demonstrated that the technology needed further improvement. Specifically, observed catalytic FT activity was low. This low activity appeared to be due to: (1) low available surface area, (2) atomic deposition techniques that needed improvements, and (3) insufficient preconditioning of the catalyst surface prior to FT testing. Therefore, experimentation was expanded to the use of particulate silica supports having defined channels and reasonably high surface area. An effective FT catalyst consisting of ALD-deposited Co and Pt on a silica support has been prepared and demonstrated. This catalyst was more effective than a similar catalyst deposited upon a support of ALD-deposited Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} on silica. This result implies that the deposition of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} to form a support is not as effective as desired. The addition of Pt as a Co-containing catalyst promoter has been demonstrated; it appears to primarily affect the catalyst pre-conditioning step. Co on Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst prepared by the Center for Applied Energy Research (CAER) is more effective than Argonne-prepared ALD-deposited Co on ALD-deposited Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalyst. The FT activity of ALD-coated Co catalyst on Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} is about linear with Co level from about 9 to 25%. A cooperative research effort was undertaken to test the deposition of platinum on Co FT catalysts; this Pt influences the effectiveness of catalyst conditioning and its continuing activity. In summary, the ALD Pt at a low concentration (0.1 wt %) was as effective as that of the wet chemical deposition technique of CAER (specifically incipient deposition on a Co catalyst that had been prepared and calcined before the Pt deposition.) The ALD technique appeared to be nominally better than the incipient wetness technique that involved co-deposition of

Cronauer, D. C. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division)

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

242

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Electrochemical series, alphabetic...Bi 2 O 4 +4H + +2 e - ?? 2BiO + +2H 2 O 1.59 BiO + +2H + +3 e - ?? Bi+H 2 O 0.32 BiOCl+2H + +3 e - ?? Bi+Cl - +H 2 O 0.1583 BiOOH+H 2 O+3 e - ?? Bi+3OH - -0.46 Br 2 (aq)+2 e - ?? 2Br - 1.087 Br 2 (l)+2 e - ?? 2Br - 1.065 HBrO+H + + e - ?? Br 2 +H 2 O 1.59 HBrO+H + +2 e - ?? Br - +H 2 O 1.33 2HBrO+2H +...

243

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Aero- Aero- Tech Light Bulb Co., Respondent Case Number : 2010-CE-1012 Issued : October 8, 2010 By the General Counsel , U.S. Department of Energy: 1. DOE has promulgated energy conservation standards for incandescent reflector lamps at 10 C . F.R. § 430.32. 2. DOE initiated a case on September 8, 2010 , to pursue a civil penalty for violations of the compliance certification requirements at 10 C.F . R. § 430.62. 3. Respondent manufactures and/or privately labels incandescent reflector lamps, including basic models 75BR40 /** (ULA 29), 100BR40 /* * (ULA 24), 120BR40 /** (ULA 25), 100BR38 /** (ULA 32), 150 BR 38/** (ULA 33), and 75BR38/**. 4. Based on the information gathered in this case, including Respondent's packaging, labeling, and marketing materials, which demonstrate that these models are

244

Multiobjective Optimization of Finite Queueing Networks F. R. B. Cruz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

´istica, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG E-mail: fcruz@est.ufmg.br A. R. Duarte@iceb.ufop.br N. L. C. Brito Departamento de Ci^encias Exatas, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, 39401-089, Montes Claros, MG E-mail: nilson.brito@unimontes.br Abstract:We aim at studying a multi

Cruz, Frederico

245

FACULTY OF HUMANITIES DEAN: PROFESSOR T KUPE BA Hons MA (Zimbabwe) PhD (University of Oslo)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Africa: Karoo to Recent, edited by B.R. Rosendahl, J.J.W. Rogers, and N.M. Rach, J. African Earth Sci in Africa: Karoo to Recent, edited by B.R. Rosendahl, J.J.W. Rogers, and N.M. Rach, J. African Earth Sci, in Rifting in Africa: Karoo to Recent, edited by B.R. Rosendahl, J.J.W. Rogers, and N.M. Rach, J. African

Wagner, Stephan

246

Photochemistry of Methyl Bromide on the ?-Cr2O3(0001) Surface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The photochemical properties of the Cr-terminated ?-Cr2O3(0001) surface were explored using methyl bromide (CH3Br) as a probe molecule. CH3Br adsorbed and desorbed molecularly from the Cr-terminated ?-Cr2O3(0001) surface without detectable thermal decomposition. Temperature programmed desorption (TPD) revealed a CH3Br desorption state at 240 K for coverages up to 0.5 ML, followed by more weakly bound molecules desorbing at 175 K for coverages up to 1 ML. Multilayer exposures led to desorption at ~130 K. The CH3Br sticking coefficient was unity at 105 K for coverages up to monolayer saturation, but decreased as the multilayer formed. In contrast, pre-oxidation of the surface (using an oxygen plasma source) led to capping of surface Cr3+ sites and near complete removal of CH3Br TPD states above 150 K. The photochemistry of chemisorbed CH3Br was explored on the Cr-terminated surface using post-irradiation TPD and photon stimulated desorption (PSD). Irradiation of adsorbed CH3Br with broad band light from a Hg arc lamp resulted in both photodesorption and photodecomposition of the parent molecule at a combined cross section of ~10-22 cm2. Parent PSD was indicative of molecular photodesorption, but CH3 was also detected in PSD and Br atoms were left on the surface, both reflective of photo-induced CH3-Br bond dissociation. Use of a 385 nm cut-off filter effectively shut down the photodissociation pathway but not the parent molecule photodesorption process. From these observations it is inferred that d-to-d transitions in ?-Cr2O3, occurring at photon energies <3 eV, are not responsible for photodecomposition of 2 adsorbed CH3Br. It is unclear to what extent band-to-band versus direct CH3Br photolysis play in CH3-Br bond dissociation initiated by more energetic photons.

Henderson, Michael A.

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

247

Apparatus and method for downhole injection of radioactive tracer  

SciTech Connect

The disclosure relates to downhole injection of radioactive .sup.82 Br and monitoring its progress through fractured structure to determine the nature thereof. An ampule containing granular .sup.82 Br is remotely crushed and water is repeatedly flushed through it to cleanse the instrument as well as inject the .sup.82 Br into surrounding fractured strata. A sensor in a remote borehole reads progress of the radioactive material through fractured structure.

Potter, Robert M. (Los Alamos, NM); Archuleta, Jacobo R. (Espanola, NM); Fink, Conrad F. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Indium oxide atomic layer deposition facilitated by the synergy between oxygen and water.  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores the atomic layer deposition (ALD) of indium oxide (In{sub 2}O{sub 3}) films using cyclopentadienyl indium (InCp) and combinations of both molecular oxygen and water as the co-reactants. When either O{sub 2} or H{sub 2}O were used individually as the oxygen source the In{sub 2}O{sub 3} growth was negligible over the temperature range 100-250 C. However, when oxygen and water were used in combination either as a simultaneous exposure or supplied sequentially, In{sub 2}O{sub 3} films were deposited at growth rates of 1.0-1.6 {angstrom}/cycle over the full range of deposition temperatures. In situ quadrupole mass spectrometry and quartz crystal microbalance measurements revealed that water serves the function of releasing ligands from the surface while oxygen performs the role of oxidizing the indium. Since both processes are necessary for sustained growth, both O{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O are required for the In{sub 2}O{sub 3} ALD. The electrical resistivity, mobility, and carrier concentration of the In{sub 2}O{sub 3} films varied dramatically with both the deposition temperature and co-reactant sequence and correlated to a crystallization occurring at {approx}140 C observed by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Using this new process we successfully deposited ALD In{sub 2}O{sub 3} films over large area substrates (12 in. x 18 in.) with very high uniformity in thickness and resistivity.

Libera, J. A.; Hryn, J. N.; Elam, J. W. (Energy Systems)

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

249

Lipidomic changes in rat liver after long-term exposure to ethanol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a serious health problem with significant morbidity and mortality. In this study we examined the progression of ALD along with lipidomic changes in rats fed ethanol for 2 and 3 months to understand the mechanism, and identify possible biomarkers. Male Fischer 344 rats were fed 5% ethanol or caloric equivalent of maltose-dextrin in a Lieber-DeCarli diet. Animals were killed at the end of 2 and 3 months and plasma and livers were collected. Portions of the liver were fixed for histological and immunohistological studies. Plasma and the liver lipids were extracted and analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. A time dependent fatty infiltration was observed in the livers of ethanol-fed rats. Mild inflammation and oxidative stress were observed in some ethanol-fed rats at 3 months. The multivariate and principal component analysis of proton and phosphorus NMR spectroscopy data of extracted lipids from the plasma and livers showed segregation of ethanol-fed groups from the pair-fed controls. Significant hepatic lipids that were increased by ethanol exposure included fatty acids and triglycerides, whereas phosphatidylcholine (PC) decreased. However, both free fatty acids and PC decreased in the plasma. In liver lipids unsaturation of fatty acyl chains increased, contrary to plasma, where it decreased. Our studies confirm that over-accumulation of lipids in ethanol-induced liver steatosis accompanied by mild inflammation on long duration of ethanol exposure. Identified metabolic profile using NMR lipidomics could be further explored to establish biomarker signatures representing the etiopathogenesis, progression and/or severity of ALD. - Highlights: > Long term exposure to ethanol was studied. > A nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy based lipidomic approach was used. > We examined the clustering pattern of the NMR data with principal component analysis. > NMR data were compared with histology and immunohistochemistry data. > Biochemical parameters were compared with the observed NMR lipid data.

Fernando, Harshica; Bhopale, Kamlesh K. [Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, 77555 (United States); Kondraganti, Shakuntala [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, 77555 (United States); Kaphalia, Bhupendra S. [Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, 77555 (United States); Shakeel Ansari, G.A., E-mail: sansari@utmb.edu [Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, 77555 (United States); Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, 77555 (United States)

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Power Marketing - Sierra Nevada Region - Western Area Power Administra...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Help Environment News in SNR Power Marketing Customer Representatives BR and CVP Forecasts Contracts Rates RA Capacity Scheduling & Resources Senate Bill 1305 2015 Resource...

251

New Benchmark Instances for the Steiner Problem in Graphs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 26, 2001 ... New Benchmark Instances for the Steiner Problem in Graphs. Isabel Rosseti ( rosseti ***at*** inf.puc-rio.br) Marcus Poggi de Arago (poggi...

253

Brazil PAR Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files<br>

(Supplemental Information): The assessment of...

254

Doc...~En.  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

... ..,,..,.... - .. I&i3:scD .::-:, TO-340 .":: ..' . - ' - -. ' . .." ,.. .;.. Very traly yours;, -' .X :, Doc...En. ' Br.:Re&ng ';;a' : , Div. Reading File ., ,, ., ,.-...

255

Guide to Bluetooth Security  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... basis and is not subject to copyright in the United States. ... 2.1.2 Low Energy ... Bluetooth BR/EDR) include lower power consumption, reduced memory ...

2012-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

256

EIA Table E.1C  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww NA - - Table Posted: December 19, 2008

257

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 6.1 World Net Conventional Thermal Electricity Generation ...

258

[2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... E.2 World Petroleum Consumption (Btu), 1980-2006 Energy Information Administration

259

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww--Energy Information Administration Table Notes and Sources ...

260

national total  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww NA--Table Posted: December 8, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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261

Journal of Research Volume 63D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of absolute intensities of [OI] 5577 in the auroral and subauroral zones, p. 19 ... Radio-refractive-index climate near the ground, p. 259 Bean, BR ; Horn ...

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

262

AEO2011: Liquid Fuels Supply and Disposition

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dataset uses million barrels per day. The data is broken down into crude oil, other petroleum supply, other non petroleum supply and liquid fuel consumption.<br>...

263

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21 - 11230 of 15,317 results. Article Department of Energy Advances Commercialization of Climate Change Technology Secretary Bodman Announces 100 Million to Move<br>Carbon...

264

ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT, 1977  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the LiBr-H20 absorption chillers most commonly used, theat LBL are advanced absorption chillers whose COP increasesfired, ammonia- water absorption chiller. The modifications

Budnitz, R.J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Designing Arithmetic Digital Circuits via Rewriting-Logic Mauricio Ayala-Rincon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@unb.br. ¶Departamento de Engenharia Mec^anica, Universidade de Bras´ilia, Bras´ilia D.F., Brasil. llanos

Hartenstein, Reiner

266

O R N L/Sub-80/24706/ 1 Phase II Brayton/Rankine 10-Ton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biocombustiveis, Table 3'2' http://www.anp.eov.br/conheca/anuarig-2008.asjl ^ tl4l p. C. Vasconcellos, L- Rfru

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

267

Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 00(0):000000 (2001) 1064-3389/01/$.50  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biocombustiveis, Table 3'2' http://www.anp.eov.br/conheca/anuarig-2008.asjl ^ tl4l p. C. Vasconcellos, L- Rfru

Alvarez, Pedro J.

268

Incremental-like Bundle Methods with Application to Energy Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 18, 2008 ... Incremental-like Bundle Methods with Application to Energy Planning. Grgory Emiel (gemiel ***at*** impa.br) Claudia Sagastizbal (sagastiz...

269

Climate: monthly and annual average relative humidity GIS data...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate: monthly and annual average relative humidity GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASASSE

(Abstract):<br>Relative Humidity at 10 m...

270

Optimization Online - A Robust Branch-Cut-and-Price Algorithm for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apr 21, 2007 ... A Robust Branch-Cut-and-Price Algorithm for the Heterogeneous Fleet Vehicle Routing Problem. Artur Pessoa (artur ***at*** producao.uff.br)

271

Glossary Term - Cloud Chamber  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ceres Previous Term (Ceres) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Composition of the Earth's Atmosphere) Composition of the<br>Earth's Atmosphere Cloud Chamber A cloud chamber showing the...

272

Glossary Term - Cyclotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the<br>Earth's Atmosphere Previous Term (Composition of the Earth's Atmosphere) Glossary Main Index Next Term (Deuterium) Deuterium Cyclotron A cyclotron is a device used to...

273

New Proofs of the Uniqueness of Noneven Digraphs With the most number M(n) of arcs and M(n) -1 arcs.*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of * *Celestial Mechanics, Arch. Rational Mech. Anal. 115:153-165 (1991) [2] R.A. Brualdi, B.R. Shader

Lim, Chjan C.

274

A Newton's method for the continuous quadratic knapsack problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

br/~pjssilva/research/quadratic_knapsack_source.zip. The programs ..... appeared first as the BLGnapsack subroutine in the BLG code from Gonzalez-. Lima...

275

Enhanced differentiation of retinal progenitor cells using microfabricated topographical cues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004b; Meyer et al. 2006; Canola et al. 2007; Klassen et al.Br J Ophthalmol 90(12), K. Canola, B. Angenieux et al. ,

Steedman, Mark R.; Tao, Sarah L.; Klassen, Henry; Desai, Tejal A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

NIST Manuscript Publication Search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Title: Extinguishment of Cup Burner Flames of Propane and the Aerosol Can Simulator Fuel by CF3Br and C2HF5. Published: April 24, 2012. ...

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

277

Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment - Kenya Country Report  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Kenya Country Report (Abstract):The Kenya Country Report describes the energy situation in Kenys and identifies solar and wind energy opportunities.<br>...

278

Light Meson Spectroscopy with the Kloe Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the status of the analyses in progress on light meson spectroscopy in the KLOE experiment. We present the analyses of phi decays into f0(980)gamma and a0(980)gamma, the Dalitz plot analysis of the eta to pie+ pie- pie0 decay, the branching ratio measurement of eta to pie0 gamma gamma, the upper limits on Br(eta to 3 gamma) and Br(eta to pie^+ pie^-), the measurement of the ratio Br(phi to eta' gamma)/Br(phi to eta gamma) and phi leptonic width measurements.

The KLOE collaboration; B. Di Micco

2004-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

279

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America from SUNY

(Abstract):Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Central America<br> <...

280

Microsoft PowerPoint - 8_Morello NMMSS_2013_Presentation_Morello...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

and NUREG BR-0007 both state in their respective Regulatory Authority sections that DOENRC Forms (741742742C) are required for quantities of SNM 1 gram or more of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Southwest...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

282

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Reliability...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

283

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Western...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

284

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Northeast...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

285

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - SERC Reliability  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

286

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Midwest...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

287

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Florida...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

288

AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - United States...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

289

ASEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - SERC Reliability  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

unplanned additions,cumulative retirements, end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br>...

290

1 NUMERICAL MODELING OF COUNTERFLOW DIFFUSION ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of the inhibition, and a new cycle involving FeOOH ... on Counterflow Combustion of Liquid Fuel with Diluted ... Flames of Hydrocarbon Fuels With CF3Br ...

2012-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

291

New Zealand Energy Data: Electricity Balance and Market Data...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

electricity. Included here are three datasets: electricity energy balance (2005 - 2009), electricity market snapshot (2009), and market competition statistics (2004 - 2009).<br>...

292

Wrought TiAl Blades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

First forged blades have been HPC blades of the Rolls-Royce BR715 engine from Gamma-TAB. The following evolution step was HPC blades for the...

293

NREL GIS Data: Continental United States Photovoltaic Low Resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain. <br> Further information can...

294

Annual Electricity Consumption (1980 - 2009) Total annual electricity  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Consumption (1980 - 2009) Total annual electricity consumption by country, 1980 to 2009 (billion kilowatthours). Compiled by Energy Information Administration (EIA).<br>...

295

The Study of Heat and Mass Transfer In The Generator For an Absorption Air Conditioning System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is aimed to study the heat and mass transfer performance of a generator for the absorption cooling system. Both aqueous lithium bromide (LiBr) (more)

Hsu, Yu-lien

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Textural Development of AA 5754 Sheet Deformed under In ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... summed over all texture components including the ... measured volume fraction of each texture component. ... the volume) and rBR (symmetric in RD ...

2013-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

297

John Butler  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1. Butler , JM., McCord, BR, Jung, JM, Wilson , MR, Budowle, B., Allen, RO (1994) Quantitation of PCR products by capillary electrophoresis using ...

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

298

10-04-2010 CA-B-10-0154  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

incandescence sensor to measure black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) organic aerosols and their optical and chemical characteristics. Fabrication and laboratory testing...

299

Manufacturing Science and Technology: Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thin Films Thin Films PDF format (189 kb) Multi Layer Thin Films Multi Layer Thin Films Planetary Sputtering SystemsPlanetary Sputtering Systems Planetary Sputtering Systems The Thin Film laboratory within Manufacturing Science & Technology provides a variety of vapor deposition processes and facilities for cooperative research and development. Available capabilities include electron beam evaporation, sputter deposition, reactive deposition processes, atomic layer deposition (ALD) and specialized techniques such as focused ion beam induced chemical vapor deposition. Equipment can be reconfigured for prototyping or it can be dedicated to long-term research, development and manufacturing. Most sputter and evaporative deposition systems are capable of depositing multiple materials.

300

Accelerated deployment of nanostructured hydrotreating catalysts. Final CRADA Report.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanomanufacturing offers an opportunity to create domestic jobs and facilitate economic growth. In response to this need, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy issued a Research Call to develop nanomanufacturing capabilities at the National Laboratories. High performance catalysts represent a unique opportunity to deploy nanomanufacturing technologies. Re-refining of used lube oil offers an opportunity to create manufacturing jobs and decrease dependence on imported petroleum. Improved catalysts are required to produce a better quality product, decrease environmental impact, extend catalyst life, and improve overall economics of lube oil re-refining. Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) in cooperation with Universal Lubricants, Inc. (ULI) and Chemical Engineering Partners (CEP) have carried out a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to prepare nanostructured hydrotreating catalysts using atomic layer deposition (ALD) to exhibit superior performance for the re-refining of used lube oil. We investigated the upgrading of recycled lube oil by hydrogenation using commercial, synthetically-modified commercial catalysts, and synthesized catalysts. A down-flow (trickle bed) catalytic unit was used for the hydrogenation experiments. In addition to carrying out elemental analyses of the various feed and product fractions, characterization was undertaken using H{sup 1} and C{sup 13} NMR. Initially commercial were evaluated. Second these commercial catalysts were promoted with precious metals using atomic layer deposition (ALD). Performance improvements were observed that declined with catalyst aging. An alternate approach was undertaken to deeply upgrade ULI product oils. Using a synthesized catalyst, much lower hydrogenation temperatures were required than commercial catalysts. Other performance improvements were also observed. The resulting lube oil fractions were of high purity even at low reaction severity. The products recovered from both the ALD and other processes were water-white (even those from the low temperature, low residence time (high space velocity), low conversion runs). These results indicate that highly upgraded recycle lube oils can be produced using ALD-deposited active metal catalysts. The use of H{sup 1} and C{sup 13} NMR for the characterization of the treated lube oils has been shown to be effective.

Libera, J.A.; Snyder, S.W.; Mane, A.; Elam, J.W.; Cronauer, D.C.; Muntean, J.A.; Wu, T.; Miller, J.T. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division); ( ES)

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

ThinFilms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thin Films Thin Films Manufacturing Technologies The Thin Film laboratory provides a variety of vapor deposition processes and facilities for cooperative research and development. Available capabilities include electron beam evaporation, sputter deposition, reactive deposi- tion processes, atomic layer deposition (ALD) and specialized techniques such as focused ion beam induced chemical vapor deposition. Equipment can be reconfigured for prototyping, or it can be dedicated to long-term research, development and manufacturing. Most sputter and evaporative deposition systems are capable of depositing multiple materials. Deposition capabilities and expertise * Deposition of a large variety of thin film mate- rials * Multiple sputter deposition systems - Capable of depositing four materials in a

302

Information Solutions: Database Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Database Applications Database Applications Argonne DOE-BES Central User Facility: A-Z People Query Data Warehouse Edits Registration | Registration Processing Security Admin Beamline Component Database System to manage beamline components. Beamline Downtime Report - UES Floor coordinator's downtime entry and reporting system. Beamline Directory | Beamline Entry Administration Links to the beamline websites and to detailed information about the equipment, techniques and contact information of a beamline. Beamline Usage and Scheduling System Long term schedule query and edit. Beamline schedule query and edit. Watchman and PSS data. Budget Proposal System Allows user to submit budget proposals via the web. Beamline Statistics Menu Query, entry and reporting of beamline statistics for ALD use only.

303

Role of osteopontin in hepatic neutrophil infiltration during alcoholic steatohepatitis  

SciTech Connect

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a major complication of heavy alcohol (EtOH) drinking and is characterized by three progressive stages of pathology: steatosis, steatohepatitis, and fibrosis/cirrhosis. Alcoholic steatosis (AS) is the initial stage of ALD and consists of fat accumulation in the liver accompanied by minimal liver injury. AS is known to render the hepatocytes increasingly sensitive to toxicants such as bacterial endotoxin (LPS). Alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH), the second and rate-limiting step in the progression of ALD, is characterized by hepatic fat accumulation, neutrophil infiltration, and neutrophil-mediated parenchymal injury. However, the pathogenesis of ASH is poorly defined. It has been theorized that the pathogenesis of ASH involves interaction of increased circulating levels of LPS with hepatocytes being rendered highly sensitive to LPS due to heavy EtOH consumption. We hypothesize that osteopontin (OPN), a matricellular protein (MCP), plays an important role in the hepatic neutrophil recruitment due to its enhanced expression during the early phase of ALD (AS and ASH). To study the role of OPN in the pathogenesis of ASH, we induced AS in male Sprague-Dawley rats by feeding EtOH-containing Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet for 6 weeks. AS rats experienced extensive fat accumulation and minimal liver injury. Moderate induction in OPN was observed in AS group. ASH was induced by feeding male Sprague-Dawley rats EtOH-containing Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet for 6 weeks followed by LPS injection. The ASH rats had substantial neutrophil infiltration, coagulative oncotic necrosis, and developed higher liver injury. Significant increases in the hepatic and circulating levels of OPN was observed in the ASH rats. Higher levels of the active, thrombin-cleaved form of OPN in the liver in ASH group correlated remarkably with hepatic neutrophil infiltration. Finally, correlative studies between OPN and hepatic neutrophil infiltration was corroborated in a simple rat peritoneal model where enhanced peritoneal fluid neutrophil infiltration was noted in rats injected OPN intraperitoneally. Taken together these data indicate that OPN expression induced during ASH may play a significant role in the pathogenesis of ASH by stimulating neutrophil transmigration.

Apte, Udayan M. [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States); Banerjee, Atrayee [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States); McRee, Rachel [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States); Wellberg, Elizabeth [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States); Ramaiah, Shashi K. [Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A and M University, MS4467, College Station, TX 77843-4467 (United States)]. E-mail: sramaiah@cvm.tamu.edu

2005-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

304

A Lepton Universality Test at CERN NA62 Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NA62 experiment at CERN collected a large sample of K+ --> enu decays during a dedicated run in 2007, aiming at a precise test of lepton universality by measurement of the helicity suppressed ratio RK = BR(K+ --> enu)/BR(K+ --> munu). A preliminary result of the analysis of a partial data sample of 51089 K+ --> enu candidates is presented.

Evgueni Goudzovski

2010-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

305

PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Fourth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 9-11, 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geothermal Salak, Jakarta 10270, Indonesia 2. Chevron Energy Technology Company, Houston TX 77002, USA e, he assumed a steady-state radial flow inside the acid bank and the pressure response can be expressed from Darcy's law as: +=- s wr br kh qB rpwfp ln 2.141 µ , (1) where br is the acid bank radius

Stanford University

306

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol. 96, pp. 1000610009, August 1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

has industrial sources (primarily natural gas leaks of thermogenic origin), as well as a number of methyl bromide (CH3Br), an ozone-depleting gas, is highly uncertain, because it has complex sources. This result suggests that industrial CH3Br is isotopically distinct and that the carbon isotopic composition

Goldstein, Allen

307

Glaser, UMC, Chem210 Notes FS97, 1997 --1 --C h e m i s t r y 2 1 0 --F a l l S e m e s t e r 1 9 9 7C h e m i s t r y 2 1 0 --F a l l S e m e s t e r 1 9 9 7  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-- Preparation (a) Pyrolysis of Methane (Industrial only) 2 methane ---(1200oC, steam)---> HCCH + 3 H2 (b makes the acetylide anion and the acetylene is reformed by hydrolysis. R R C C R C H C- Na+ R C C Br Br

Glaser, Rainer

308

SC Jobs  

Office of Science (SC) Website

A2-65DD19B3FEE1https:www.usajobs.govGetJobViewDetails348127300 Budget Analyst 13-MP-SC-HQ-023 Job Title: Budget Analyst 13-MP-SC-HQ-023<br>Office: Budget<br...

309

Budget  

Office of Science (SC) Website

A2-65DD19B3FEE1https:www.usajobs.govGetJobViewDetails348127300 Budget Analyst 13-MP-SC-HQ-023 Job Title: Budget Analyst 13-MP-SC-HQ-023<br>Office: Budget<br...

310

A robust, fully adaptive hybrid level-set/front-tracking method for two-phase flows with an accurate surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-SP, Brasil. 3 Faculdade de Engenharia Mec^anica, Universidade Federal de Uberl^andia, CEP 38400- 902, Uberl.D. Ceniceros), roma@ime.usp.br (A.M. Roma), aristeus@mecanica.ufu.br (A. Silveira-Neto), mmvillar@mecanica

Ceniceros, Hector D.

311

Powdery mildew control on pumpkin and zucchini with organic and synthetic fungicides: 2010 field trial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LEM 17 + Dyneamic alt Quintec Flag color W Y Pu/K P/Br S Pu Application interval (days) None Application rate (oil, .5% + OE444, 0.5% K/W Pu/B Pu/G O/G O Pu/W G Br O/K

Bay, Ian S.; Eynard, James; Gubler, W D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A cultural knowledge-based method to support the formation of homophilous online communities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a three-step method to identify people in social networks sites (SNS) who are talking about the same topics, even though they may be from different cultural backgrounds. Our method uses a cultural knowledge base from the OMCS-Br project to ... Keywords: OMCS-Br, cultural translation, homophily, online communities, people with similarities

Junia C. Anacleto; Fernando C. Balbino; Gilberto Astolfi; Sidney Fels; Andre O. Bueno

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

A Taxonomy of C-systems WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A Taxonomy of C-systems ···· WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil carniell@cle.unicamp.br JO?O MARCOS RUG, Ghent, Belgium, and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil vegetal@cle.unicamp.br Abstract The logics from CNPq / Brazil and from the A. von Humboldt Foundation, and thanks colleagues from the Advanced

Lisboa, Universidade Técnica de

314

A Taxonomy of C-systems WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15 A Taxonomy of C-systems · WALTER A. CARNIELLI CLE and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil carniell@cle.unicamp.br JO?O MARCOS RUG, Ghent, Belgium, and IFCH, Unicamp, Brazil vegetal@cle.unicamp.br Abstract The logics from CNPq / Brazil and from the A. von Humboldt Foundation, and thanks colleagues from the Advanced

Lisboa, Universidade Técnica de

315

Fuzzy control for nuclear reactor operation -- strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assessment of four real fuzzy control applications at the MIT research reactor in the US, the FUGEN heavy water reactor in Japan, the BR1 research reactor in Belgium, and a TRIGA Mark III reactor in Mexico will be analyzed through an analysis of strengths, ... Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Br1 Reactor, Fuzzy Control, Reactor Operation, Triga Mark Iii Reactor

Da Ruan; Jorge S. Bentez-Read

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Citation: D.E. Groom  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

f f J (2220) I G (J PC ) = 0 + (2 + + or 4 + + ) OMITTED FROM SUMMARY TABLE THE f J (2220) Updated April 2000 by M. Doser (CERN). This state has been observed in J/ψ(1S) radiative decay into KK (K + K - and K 0 S K 0 S modes seen (BALTRUSAITIS 86D, BAI 96B)). An upper limit from DM2 for these modes (AUGUSTIN 88) is at the level at which observation is claimed. There are also indications for further decay modes (π + π - and pp (BAI 96B) and π 0 π 0 (BAI 98H)) in the same production process, although again at the level at which previous upper limits had been obtained (BALTRUSAITIS 86D). This was also seen in ηη (ALDE 86B), K 0 S K 0 S (ASTON 88D), and K + K - (ALDE 88 F), albeit with very low statistics. Its J P C is determined from the angular distributions of these observations. It is not seen in Υ radiative decays (BARU 89), B inclusive decays (BEHRENDS 84), nor in γγ (GODANG 97, ALAM 98C), which is not surprising, since

317

Electromagnetic and gravitational self-force on a relativistic particle from quantum fields in curved space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a quantum field theoretical derivation of the Abraham-Lorentz-Dirac (ALD) equation, describing the motion of an electric point charge sourcing an electromagnetic field, which back-reacts on the charge as a self-force, and the Mino-Sasaki-Tanaka-Quinn-Wald (MSTQW) equation describing the motion of a point mass with self-force interacting with the linearized metric perturbations caused by the mass off an otherwise vacuous curved background spacetime. We regularize the formally divergent self-force by smearing the direct part of the retarded Green's function and using a quasilocal expansion. We also derive the ALD-Langevin and the MSTQW-Langevin equations with a classical stochastic force accounting for the effect of the quantum fluctuations in the field, which causes small fluctuations on the particle trajectory. These equations will be useful for studying the stochastic motion of charges and small masses under the influence of both quantum and classical noise sources, derived either self-consistently or put in by hand phenomenologically. We also show that history-dependent noise-induced drift motions could arise from such stochastic sources on the trajectory that could be a hidden feature of gravitational wave forms hitherto unknown.

Chad R. Galley; B. L. Hu; Shih-Yuin Lin

2006-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

318

A novel cell model to study the function of the adrenoleukodystrophy-related protein  

SciTech Connect

X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a neurodegenerative disorder due to mutations in the ABCD1 (ALD) gene. ALDRP, the closest homolog of ALDP, has been shown to have partial functional redundancy with ALDP and, when overexpressed, can compensate for the loss-of-function of ALDP. In order to characterize the function of ALDRP and to understand the phenomenon of gene redundancy, we have developed a novel system that allows the controlled expression of the ALDRP-EGFP fusion protein (normal or non-functional mutated ALDRP) using the Tet-On system in H4IIEC3 rat hepatoma cells. The generated stable cell lines express negligible levels of endogenous ALDRP and doxycycline dosage-dependent levels of normal or mutated ALDRP. Importantly, the ALDRP-EGFP protein is targeted correctly to peroxisome and is functional. The obtained cell lines will be an indispensable tool in our further studies aimed at the resolution of the function of ALDRP to characterize its potential substrates in a natural context.

Gueugnon, Fabien [Laboratoire de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Faculte des Sciences Gabriel, 21000 Dijon (France); Volodina, Natalia [Laboratoire de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Faculte des Sciences Gabriel, 21000 Dijon (France); Taouil, Jaoued Et [Laboratoire de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Faculte des Sciences Gabriel, 21000 Dijon (France); Lopez, Tatiana E. [Laboratoire de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Faculte des Sciences Gabriel, 21000 Dijon (France); Gondcaille, Catherine [Laboratoire de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Faculte des Sciences Gabriel, 21000 Dijon (France); Grand, Anabelle Sequeira-Le [Plate-forme Commune de Cytometrie en Flux, Universite de Bourgogne, Faculte de Medecine-IFR100, 21000 Dijon (France); Mooijer, Petra A.W. [University of Amsterdam, Academic Medical Center, Genetic Metabolic Diseases Laboratory, Departments of Pediatrics, Emma Children's Hospital, and Clinical Chemistry, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam (Netherlands); Kemp, Stephan [University of Amsterdam, Academic Medical Center, Genetic Metabolic Diseases Laboratory, Departments of Pediatrics, Emma Children's Hospital, and Clinical Chemistry, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam (Netherlands); Wanders, Ronald J.A. [University of Amsterdam, Academic Medical Center, Genetic Metabolic Diseases Laboratory, Departments of Pediatrics, Emma Children's Hospital, and Clinical Chemistry, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam (Netherlands); Savary, Stephane [Laboratoire de Biologie Moleculaire et Cellulaire, Faculte des Sciences Gabriel, 21000 Dijon (France)]. E-mail: stsavary@u-bourgogne.fr

2006-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

319

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Reflector Lamps (RIN: 1904-AC15) Program or Field Office:EERE - Buildings Technology Program Location(s} (City/County/State): Nationwide Proposed Action Description: In this NQPR, DOE proposes to adopt new standards for the large diameter Incandescent Reflector Lamps (which will hereafter be referred to as certain "R, ER, and BR IRLs") include: (1) lamps rated 50 watts or less that are ER30, BR30, BR40, or ER40; (2) lamps rated 65 watts that are BR30, BR40, or ER40 lamps; and (3) R20 incandescent reflector lamps rated 45 watts or less. DOE also presents analysis for small diameter lamps and requests further comment on an appropriate standard for these products. The proposed standards, if adopted, would apply to all the

320

CX-007850: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

850: Categorical Exclusion Determination 850: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007850: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Energy Conservation Standards for Certain Reflector, Elliptical Reflector, and Bulged Reflector Incandescent Reflector Lamps CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/09/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy In this Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR), DOE proposes to adopt new standards for the large diameter Incandescent Reflector Lamps (which will hereafter be referred to as certain "R, ER, and BR IRLs") include: (1) lamps rated 50 watts or less that are ER30, BR30, BR40, or ER40; (2) lamps rated 65 watts that are BR30, BR40, or ER40 lamps; and (3) R20 incandescent reflector lamps rated 45 watts or less. DOE also presents analysis for

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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

U  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

NRC Has Published Draft Updates of NRC Has Published Draft Updates of NUREG/BR-0006 & 0007 For Public Comment In the March 21, 2007 Federal Register (electronic link) the NRC publicized proposed revisions to NUREG/BR- 0006 and NUREG/BR-0007 for public comment. Following is a repeat of some of the information contained in this Federal Register. "The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is proposing revisions to NUREG/BR-0006, Instructions for the Preparation and Distribution of Material Transaction Reports, and NUREG/BR-0007, Instructions for the Preparation and Distribution of Material Status Reports. The purpose of these revisions are to incorporate (1) proposed rule changes for nuclear material reporting requirements, (2) upgrades to the Nuclear Material Management and Safeguards System, and (3) editorial changes. The NRC is

322

The dosimetric impact of inversely optimized arc radiotherapy plan modulation for real-time dynamic MLC tracking delivery  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Real-time dynamic multileaf collimator (MLC) tracking for management of intrafraction tumor motion can be challenging for highly modulated beams, as the leaves need to travel far to adjust for target motion perpendicular to the leaf travel direction. The plan modulation can be reduced by using a leaf position constraint (LPC) that reduces the difference in the position of adjacent MLC leaves in the plan. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the LPC on the quality of inversely optimized arc radiotherapy plans and the effect of the MLC motion pattern on the dosimetric accuracy of MLC tracking delivery. Specifically, the possibility of predicting the accuracy of MLC tracking delivery based on the plan modulation was investigated. Methods: Inversely optimized arc radiotherapy plans were created on CT-data of three lung cancer patients. For each case, five plans with a single 358 deg. arc were generated with LPC priorities of 0 (no LPC), 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1 (highest possible LPC), respectively. All the plans had a prescribed dose of 2 Gy x 30, used 6 MV, a maximum dose rate of 600 MU/min and a collimator angle of 45 deg. or 315 deg. To quantify the plan modulation, an average adjacent leaf distance (ALD) was calculated by averaging the mean adjacent leaf distance for each control point. The linear relationship between the plan quality [i.e., the calculated dose distributions and the number of monitor units (MU)] and the LPC was investigated, and the linear regression coefficient as well as a two tailed confidence level of 95% was used in the evaluation. The effect of the plan modulation on the performance of MLC tracking was tested by delivering the plans to a cylindrical diode array phantom moving with sinusoidal motion in the superior-inferior direction with a peak-to-peak displacement of 2 cm and a cycle time of 6 s. The delivery was adjusted to the target motion using MLC tracking, guided in real-time by an infrared optical system. The dosimetric results were evaluated using gamma index evaluation with static target measurements as reference. Results: The plan quality parameters did not depend significantly on the LPC (p {>=} 0.066), whereas the ALD depended significantly on the LPC (p < 0.001). The gamma index failure rate depended significantly on the ALD, weighted to the percentage of the beam delivered in each control point of the plan (ALD{sub w}) when MLC tracking was used (p < 0.001), but not for delivery without MLC tracking (p {>=} 0.342). The gamma index failure rate with the criteria of 2% and 2 mm was decreased from > 33.9% without MLC tracking to <31.4% (LPC 0) and <2.2% (LPC 1) with MLC tracking. Conclusions: The results indicate that the dosimetric robustness of MLC tracking delivery of an inversely optimized arc radiotherapy plan can be improved by incorporating leaf position constraints in the objective function without otherwise affecting the plan quality. The dosimetric robustness may be estimated prior to delivery by evaluating the ALD{sub w} of the plan.

Falk, Marianne; Larsson, Tobias; Keall, Paul; Chul Cho, Byung; Aznar, Marianne; Korreman, Stine; Poulsen, Per; Munck af Rosenschoeld, Per [Radiation Medicine Research Center, Department of Radiation Oncology - 3994, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, DK - 2100 Copenhagen (Denmark) and Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen (Denmark); Radiation Medicine Research Center, Department of Radiation Oncology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital (Denmark); Radiation Physics Laboratory, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney (Australia); Department of Radiation Oncology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Radiation Medicine Research Center, Department of Radiation Oncology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark and Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen (Denmark); Radiation Medicine Research Center, Department of Radiation Oncology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital (Denmark); Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen (Denmark) and Department of Science, Systems and Models, Roskilde University (Denmark); Department of Oncology, Aarhus University Hospital (Denmark); Radiation Medicine Research Center, Department of Radiation Oncology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital (Denmark) and Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen (Denmark)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

323

Experimental and theoretical study of flame inhibition by bromine-containing compounds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The present paper represents the first effort to date in which a combined experimental and theoretical approach has been used to study the effects of several inhibitors on hydrocarbon-air flames. This work is part of an attempt to build a consistent picture of chemical kinetic flame inhibition, beginning with a simple halogen molecule such as HBr and progressing sequentially towards more complex and more practical inhibitors such as CF/sub 3/Br. Inhibition efficiency can be defined as the rate of flame speed reduction, the amount of flame speed change per unit inhibitor added. Both the numerical model and the flame tube measurements found that the inhibition efficiency gradually decreases as the amount of inhibitor is increased. The present experimental and modeling results are shown, together with earlier data for CF/sub 3/Br-CH/sub 4/-air and CF/sub 3/Br-C/sub 3/H/sub 8/-air as well as HBr-CH/sub 4/-air, CH/sub 3/Br-CH/sub 4/-air and CF/sub 3/Br-CH/sub 4/-air. In the numerical study it was found that a stoichiometric methane-air mixture with up to 8% methyl bromide could support a flame, propagating at a speed of about 5 cm/sec, even though the addition of the first 1% of CH/sub 3/Br had reduced the flame speed from 38 cm/sec to about 26 cm/sec. Extensions of the model to include CF/sub 3/Br are currently under development. The available experimental data suggest that CF/sub 3/Br is somewhat more efficient as an inhibitor than HBr or CH/sub 3/Br.

Westbrook, C.K.; Beason, D.G.; Alvares, N.J.

1981-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

324

Tumor Response and Apoptosis of N1-S1 Rodent Hepatomas in Response to Intra-arterial and Intravenous Benzamide Riboside  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Benzamide riboside (BR) induces tumor apoptosis in multiple cell lines and animals. This pilot study compares apoptosis and tumor response in rat hepatomas treated with hepatic arterial BR (IA) or intravenous (IV) BR. Methods: A total of 10{sup 6} N1-S1 cells were placed in the left hepatic lobes of 15 Sprague-Dawley rats. After 2 weeks, BR (20 mg/kg) was infused IA (n = 5) or IV (n = 5). One animal in each group was excluded for technical factors, which prevented a full dose administration (1 IA and 1 IV). Five rats received saline (3 IA and 2 IV). Animals were killed after 3 weeks. Tumor volumes after IA and IV treatments were analyzed by Wilcoxon rank sum test. The percentage of tumor and normal liver apoptosis was counted by using 10 fields of TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling)-stained slides at 40 Multiplication-Sign magnification. The percentage of apoptosis was compared between IV and IA administrations and with saline sham-treated rats by the Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results: Tumors were smaller after IA treatment, but this did not reach statistical significance (0.14 IA vs. 0.57 IV; P = 0.138). There was much variability in percentage of apoptosis and no significant difference between IA and IV BR (44.49 vs. 1.52%; P = 0.18); IA BR and saline (44.49 vs. 33.83%; P = 0.66); or IV BR and saline (1.52 vs. 193%; P = 0.18). Conclusions: Although differences in tumor volumes did not reach statistical significance, there was a trend toward smaller tumors after IA BR than IV BR in this small pilot study. Comparisons of these treatment methods will require a larger sample size and repeat experimentation.

McLennan, Gordon, E-mail: gmclenna@me.com; Bennett, Stacy L. [Cleveland Clinic, Imaging Institute and Department of Bioengineering (United States); Ju, Shenghong [Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Department of Radiology (China); Babsky, Andriy; Bansal, Navin; Shorten, Michelle L. [Indiana University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences (United States); Levitin, Seth [Cleveland Clinic, Imaging Institute and Department of Bioengineering (United States); Bonnac, Laurent; Panciewicz, Krystoff W. [University of Minnesota Center for Drug Design (United States); Jayaram, Hiramagular N. [Indiana University and Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, Department of Biochemistry (United States)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

Potential influence of iodine-containing compounds on the chemistry of the troposphere in the polar spring. I. Ozone depletion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Iodine in the atmosphere, identified largely by the presence of IO, is a ubiquitous component of the troposphere in coastal and oceanic areas. The role, if any, that iodine chemistry plays in the polar ozone depletion episodes is not known. These events are rationalized today largely in terms of Br2- and BrCl-initiated reactions. The potential for enhancement of ozone depletions through the presence of iodine-containing molecules (I{sub 2}, IBr, ICl, CH{sub 2}I{sub 2}, CH{sub 2}IBr, CH{sub 2}ICl, and CH{sub 3}I) is investigated in this study. Computer simulations of the homogeneous chemistry are made using a reasonably complete reaction mechanism for Br-, Cl- and I-containing species together with representative chemistry of trace gases in the clean troposphere. The extent of uncertain alternative pathways and efficiencies for OIO and I{sub 2}O{sub 2} photolyses are varied over a range of possible values to establish the sensitivity of the depletion events to these variables. The study shows that significant enhancements of the polar ozone depletion are expected when small amounts of iodine-containing compounds such as CH{sub 2}I{sub 2}, IBr, or ICl are present in a polar air mass containing representative Br{sub 2}-BrCl-trace gas mixtures. The synergistic effect of the iodine compounds results from additional halogen-atom formation from IO-IO, IO-BrO, and IO-ClO reactions. Measurements of IO and precursor iodine-containing compounds are encouraged for future polar spring studies, as well as currently acknowledged important trace species (O{sub 3}, CH{sub 2}O, BrO, Br{sub 2}, and BrCl).

Calvert, Jack G [ORNL; Lindberg, Steven Eric [ORNL

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Comparison of the Distributions of Bromine, Lead and Zinc in Tooth and Bone from an Ancient Peruvian Burial site by X-ray Fluorescence  

SciTech Connect

Synchrotron micro X-ray fluorescence was used to study the distribution of selected trace elements (Zn, Pb, and Br) in tooth and bone samples obtained from an individual from a pre-Columbian archaeological site (Cabur) located on the north coast of Peru. The results show that Zn, Pb, and Br are present in both the teeth and bone samples and that the Zn and Pb seem to be confined to similar regions (cementum and periostium), while Br shows a novel distribution with enrichment close to the Haversian canals and (or) in regions that appear to be Ca deficient.

Martin,R.; Naftel, S.; Nelson, A.; Sapp, W.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

High Rate and High Capacity Li-Ion Electrodes for Vehicular Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Significant advances in both energy density and rate capability for Li-ion batteries are necessary for implementation in electric vehicles. We have employed two different methods to improve the rate capability of high capacity electrodes. For example, we previously demonstrated that thin film high volume expansion MoO{sub 3} nanoparticle electrodes ({approx}2 {micro}m thick) have a stable capacity of {approx}630 mAh/g, at C/2 (charge/dicharge in 2 hours). By fabricating thicker conventional electrodes, an improved reversible capacity of {approx}1000 mAh/g is achieved, but the rate capability decreases. To achieve high-rate capability, we applied a thin Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} atomic layer deposition coating to enable the high volume expansion and prevent mechanical degradation. Also, we recently reported that a thin ALD Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} coating can enable natural graphite (NG) electrodes to exhibit remarkably durable cycling at 50 C. Additionally, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} ALD films with a thickness of 2 to 4 {angstrom} have been shown to allow LiCoO{sub 2} to exhibit 89% capacity retention after 120 charge-discharge cycles performed up to 4.5 V vs. Li/Li{sup +}. Capacity fade at this high voltage is generally caused by oxidative decomposition of the electrolyte or cobalt dissolution. We have recently fabricated full cells of NG and LiCoO{sub 2} and coated both electrodes, one or the other electrode as well as neither electrode. In creating these full cells, we observed some surprising results that lead us to obtain a greater understanding of the ALD coatings. In a different approach we have employed carbon single-wall nanotubes (SWNTs) to synthesize binder-free, high-rate capability electrodes, with 95 wt.% active materials. In one case, Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanorods are employed as the active storage anode material. Recently, we have also employed this method to demonstrate improved conductivity and highly improved rate capability for a LiNi{sub 0.4}Mn{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.2}O{sub 2} cathode material. Raman spectroscopy was employed to understand how the SWNTs function as a highly flexible conductive additive.

Dillon, A. C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Global Energy & Mining Data, World Bank (1970 - 2007)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the following contents:<br>

  • Alternative and Nuclear Energy: Percentage of Total Energy Use
  • Combustible Renewables and Waste: Metric Tons of Oil...

329

Exp Astron (2012) 33:529585 DOI 10.1007/s10686-011-9252-3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science and Technology and Depart- ment of Mathematics b Department of Meteorology c Institute for Plasma Research and Departments of Physics and of Electrical Engineering 1] D.J. Patil, B.R. Hunt, E. Kalnay, E

Wieczorek, Mark

330

Low temperature Direct Use Geothermal Facilities Contains generating  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low temperature Direct Use Geothermal Facilities Contains generating capacity information for low temperature direct use geothermal facilities by state.<br> 2010-08-10T17:02:22Z...

331

Brazil Latitude Tilted Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.<br>The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

332

Brazil Diffuse Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.<br> The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

333

South America Latitude Tilted SR Solar Model from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Space Research) and the ARCVIEW software were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.<br>The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

334

Brazil Global Horizontal Solar Radiation Model (40km) from INPE  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by INPE - National Institute for Space Research) were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files. <br>The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

335

South America Diffuse SR Solar Model from INPE and LABSOLAR  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Space Research) and the ARCVIEW software were used to produce the dataset and SHAPE files.<br>The assessment of reliability levels of the BRASIL-SR model were performed...

336

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

oE 1 oE 1 ) Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. ) Case Number: 201 0-CE-1012 (Incandescent reflector lamps) 1 ) NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: September 8,2010 Number of alleged violations: 7 M a x i m ~ ~ m possible assessment: $374,560 Proposed civil penalty: $51,100 The Office of the General Counsel of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) alleges that Aero-Tech Light Bulb Co. (Aero-Tech) violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. 5 6201 et seq., 10 C.F.R. Part 430, or both. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Aero-Tech manufactures andlor privately labels a variety of incandescent reflector lamps, including models: 75BR40/* * (ULA 29), 1 OOBR40/** (ULA 24), 120BR40/** (ULA 25), 100BR38/"* (ULA 32), 150 BR 381"" (ULA 33), and

337

blog  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

files from Franklin scratch file systems

  • Mon Apr 30, 23:59: User logins are disabled
    • <br>If you need help or have any concerns, please contact "consult at...

  • 338

    Heat Pipe Performance Enhancement with Binary Mixture Fluids that Exhibit Strong Concentration Marangoni Effects  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    inclined, gravity-assisted, brass heat pipe with a 0.05M 2-inclined, gravity-assisted, brass heat pipe, with a 0.05M 2-Evaporator c Condenser Br Brass adia Adiabatic in input cold

    Armijo, Kenneth Miguel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    339

    Optimization Online - Robust mid-term power generation management  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Feb 23, 2011 ... Robust mid-term power generation management. Vincent Guigues(vguigues *** at*** puc-rio.br) Ren Aid(rene.aid ***at*** edf.fr) Papa Momar...

    340

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 4.1 World Natural Gas Production, 2001 ...

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    341

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww 1.4 World Coal Consumption, 1980-2007 (Million Short Tons) - - NA

    342

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... 6.4 World Electricity Installed Capacity by Type, January 1, 2006 Conventional

    343

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... Table 6.2 World Total Net Electricity Consumption, 1980-2006 (Billion ...

    344

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... H.2 World Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Consumption of Petroleum, 1980-2006

    345

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - NA 2.5 World Coal Production, 1980-2007 ...

    346

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... Table 8.2 World Estimated Recoverable Coal (Million Short Tons)

    347

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum Products, 2004

    348

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 1.3 World Dry Natural Gas Consumption, 1980-2006 Table Notes ...

    349

    3190.ps  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    ?F. W. Kong(fk07@doc.ic.ac.uk), B. Rustem(br@doc.ic.ac.uk). Department ... subscribes to the subjectivist Bayesian view of the world that assumes every player.

    350

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - F.1 World Primary Energy Production (Btu ...

    351

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 3.2 World Output of Refined Petroleum ...

    352

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... H.1gco2 World Carbon Intensity--World Carbon Dioxide ...

    353

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 8.1 World Crude Oil and Natural Gas Reserves ...

    354

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... E.6 World Net Nuclear Electric Power Consumption (Btu), 1980 ...

    355

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww - - NA 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum ...

    356

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - G.2 World Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, ...

    357

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww - - NA (Quadrillion (10 15) Btu) F.5 World Coal Production (Btu ...

    358

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum Products ...

    359

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - NA 3.1 World Petroleum Supply and ...

    360

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 6.3 World Net Electricity Generation by Type ...

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    361

    www.eia.gov  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 3.6 World Crude Oil Refining Capacity ...

    362

    Confidence Intervals for the Hyperparameters in Structural Models  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Gerais, 31270-901 - Belo Horizonte - MG, Brazil E-mail: {glauraf,thiagors,jujujar,fcruz}@ufmg.br November. The performance of this procedure is empirically obtained through Monte Carlo simulations implemented in Ox. Asymp

    Cruz, Frederico

    363

    hal-00194169,version1-5Dec2007 Log-average periodogram estimator of the  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. e-mail: glaura@est.ufmg.br Abstract averaged over epochs. The proposed estimator is theoretically justified and empirical Monte Carlo

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    364

    Congested Emergency Evacuation of a Population Using a Finite Automata Approach  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Minas Gerais, 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG E-mail: {duczmal,fcruz}@est.ufmg.br Abstract: In this paper, including Monte Carlo simulations (Kirchner & Schadschneider, 2002a; Smith et al., 2009; Guo & Tang, 2012

    Cruz, Frederico

    365

    AEO2011: Oil and Gas End-of-Year Reserves and Annual Reserve...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is table 134, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into Crude oil, dry natural gas.<br>

    366

    Questions and Answers - Why aren't Chlorine-35 and Chlorine-37...  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    if it has no uses?) What makes hassium an<br>element if it has no uses? Why aren't Chlorine-35 and Chlorine-37 two different elements? Chlorine-35 and chlorine-37 are not...

    367

    b097.dvi  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    REFID31680 KELLY 78 HUPD-7813 44 R.L. Kelly (LBL) Meeting on Exotic Resonances, Hiroshima. REFID31679 MARTIN 76 Oxford Conf. 409 B.R. Martin (LOUC) Rapporteur talk....

    368

    Property:Incentive/IncAmt | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    IncAmt" Showing 1 page using this property. I Independence Power and Light - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate (Missouri) + Air Conditioners: 137 - 260, varies by unit size<br...

    369

    TRACY, A IDOL FOR ACCELERATOR DESIGN AND ANALYSIS  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Program File ---- progrRm COD(ALSI2.1ot);-- ign latticeitBUMp(O.2,O.1); ( inil COD correction mutine 1 SetCODparm(motion Distribution of COD rms before correction IIrlBr

    Nishimura, H.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    370

    451.ps - Optimization Online  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    E-mail address, C.C. Ribeiro: celso@inf.puc-rio.br. (F. Glover) Leeds School of Business, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder,. CO 80309-0419, United...

    371

    FOR SALE  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    trailer, life jackets, rod holders. Asking 7,000 (2k under book price). Call Tom McKinsey (630) 906-9653. s House, Warrenville, near Batavia Rd gate, bike to work, 7 rm, 3 br,...

    372

    Glossary Term - Vanadis  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    Van de Graaff Generator Previous Term (Van de Graaff Generator) Glossary Main Index Next Term (10 Most Abundant Compounds in the Earth's Crust) 10 Most Abundant Compounds<br>in the...

    373

    Glossary Term - 10 Most Abundant Compounds in the Earth's Crust  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    Vanadis Previous Term (Vanadis) Glossary Main Index Next Term (10 Most Abundant Elements in the Earth's Crust) 10 Most Abundant Elements<br>in the Earth's Crust 10 Most Abundant...

    374

    careInlorlladon Infrastructure:  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    ... BrInging HeaithcG1eOnline: Th~ Rot. of infotmotIon Technologiu, OTA-rrc-624, USGovernment PrInting Office. Washington. Dc.1995.) ...

    2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    375

    National Aeronautics and Space ...  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    30-Year Mean Monthly Climatology 1961-1990 (New et al.) * Stratospheric Chemistry Ozone, CIO, BrO, OH, trace gases LaRC ASDC http:eosweb.larc.nasa.gov SAGE III L2 Solar Event...

    376

    10 September 1999 Z .Chemical Physics Letters 310 1999 485494  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    of multiple sets of data to the polyno- mial: ?sAqBr qCr2 qDr3 qEr4 , 3Z .r r r r with r srrrr c ZThe widths

    Maroncelli, Mark

    377

    Transportation Sector Energy Use by Fuel Type Within a Mode from...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Transportation Sector Energy Use by Fuel Type Within a Mode from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Supplemental Table 46 of EIA AEO 2011 Early Release<br> 2011-02-23T15:55:10Z...

    378

    AEO2011: Renewable Energy Generation by Fuel - Western Electricity  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    kilowatthours and quadrillion Btu. The data is broken down into generating capacity, electricity generation and energy consumption.<br> 2011-07-25T20:15:39Z...

    379

    A High-Volume Cryosampler and Sample Purification System for Bromine Isotope Studies of Methyl Bromide  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    A system was developed for collecting from the ambient atmosphere the methyl halides CH3Cl and CH3Br in quantities sufficient for chlorine and bromine isotope analysis. The construction and operation of the novel cryogenic collection system (...

    Brett F. Thornton; Axel Horst; Daniel Carrizo; Henry Holmstrand; Per Andersson; Patrick M. Crill; rjan Gustafsson

    380

    Energy Technology Cost and Performance Data

    This data indicates...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    energy and other technologies. The estimates are shown in dollars per installed kilowatts of generating capacity.

    <br>

    This data provides a compilation of...

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    381

    Previous Session  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    ... AlPO4, Fe PO4, SnBr4), and hydroxides (ice, Ca(OH)2, Co(OH)2). In these materials, the crystal transforms polymorphically to a higher density glassy phase

    382

    Questions and Answers - How many electrons fit in each shell...  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    are electrons so far<br>away from the nucleus? Previous Question (Why are electrons so far away from the nucleus?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (How are electrons...

    383

    Fusion Materials  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Mar 6, 2013 ... Base metal and weld metal of NIFS-HEAT-2, a reference high-purity V-4Cr-4Ti alloy, were irradiated in JMTR, JOYO, HFIR and BR-II reactor up...

    384

    The Opossum  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    spread northward as far as central Wisconsin and Michigan, southern Ontario and Vermont. Br'er Possum is a queer beast. He is a living fossil. Near the end of the Age of...

    385

    DOE Recovery Act Awardees The data contained within the .xls...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    be updated weekly by the DOE. <br> 2010-12-16T22:30:08Z 2011-01-03T16:54:34Z http:www.energy.govrecoverydocumentsrecoveryactfunding.xls I accessed this dataset from a public...

    386

    Questions and Answers - Why does rubbing plastic and wool together...  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    the word atom come<br>from and who first used this word? Why does rubbing plastic and wool together create electricity? In the more technical writings, this phenomenon is called...

    387

    AEOP2011:Electricity Generation Capacity by Electricity Market...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AEOP2011:Electricity Generation Capacity by Electricity Market Module Region and Source <br>

    388

    AEO2011: Electricity Generation by Electricity Market Module...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Generation by Electricity Market Module Region and Source <br>

    389

    Heat Pipe Performance Enhancement with Binary Mixture Fluids that Exhibit Strong Concentration Marangoni Effects  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Q ? Al in the heat transfer process and the relation betweenv and Q ? Br in the heat transfer process, and the relationan internal cavity. This heat transfer process for the heat

    Armijo, Kenneth Miguel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    390

    C:\\My Documents\\FORMS\\DOE F 4200.41.cdr  

    Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

    PROCUREMENT AND FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE 4. B&R NO. 5. DOLLARS 6. WORK FOR OTHERS FA See Handbook for the Preparation of the Individual Procurement Action Report Original - Contract...

    391

    Webster Co. Kanawha Co. Cabell C  

    Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

    RED HOUSE DOR R RU N MILLWOOD TIME GREENSBORO FREEMANS CR EEK FISHER SLIGO BAR BER RIDGE HOM EST EAD TAN NER RICHAR DSON BU RGET TST OWN BR NT H SE-LCRN E MEH AFF Y WEBSTER...

    392

    Light-Duty Vehicle Energy Consumption by Technology Type from...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Light-Duty Vehicle Energy Consumption by Technology Type from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Supplemental Table 47 of EIA AEO 2011 Early Release<br> 2011-02-23T15:57:46Z...

    393

    Age effects on atrophy rates of entorhinal cortex and hippocampus  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    WJ, et al. Higher atrophy rate of entorhinal cortex thanBL, Reed BR, et al. Atrophy rates of entorhinal cortex in ADPC, Smith GE, Ivnik RJ, et al. Rates of hippocampal atrophy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    394

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - West South...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T19:02:48Z 2011-08-04T15:59:26Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    395

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - New England...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T18:48:13Z 2011-08-31T17:26:50Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    396

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - East South...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T19:00:44Z 2011-08-04T16:01:41Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    397

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - United States...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T19:10:42Z 2011-08-04T15:37:20Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    398

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - West North...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T18:55:30Z 2011-08-23T22:29:34Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    399

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - Mountain ...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T19:04:37Z 2011-08-04T15:57:20Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

    400

    AEO2011: Energy Consumption by Sector and Source - South Atlantic...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and total energy consumption.<br> 2011-08-01T18:57:56Z 2011-08-04T18:09:40Z http:www.eia.govoiafaeo...

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    401

    Program Publication (Please visit the PAC'11Website, www.bnl.gov/pac11, and PAC'11 Mobile Edition,  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Science and Technology and Depart- ment of Mathematics b Department of Meteorology c Institute for Plasma Research and Departments of Physics and of Electrical Engineering 1] D.J. Patil, B.R. Hunt, E. Kalnay, E

    402

    Section 39  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    e ' m 4 0 Q e (r)Br 2 n(r)dr Session Papers 161 Cloud Processing of Aerosols and Their Effects on Aerosol Radiative Properties Q. Liu and Y. L. Kogan Cooperative Institute for...

    403

    Exhibition Pre-Show Directory  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Power Generation. Clayburn owns and ..... abroad (SaAz & BrAz in Russia). HART has implemented a third ..... can be cast in one set-up. Less than 1 percent of.

    404

    AEO2011: Electricity Trade

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    trade, gross domestic sales, international electricity trade, imports and exports to Canada and Mexico.<br> 2011-08-01T19:29:49Z 2011-08-04T15:35:21Z http:...

    405

    The contrastive research in the photocatalytic activity of BiOBr synthesized by different reactants  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    BiOBr nanoplates, marked as ?-BiOBr and ?-BiOBr, were synthesized via hydrothermal method using cetylpyridinium bromide (CPB) and NaBr as reactants, respectively. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), N2 ...

    Wang Ling-Li; Ma Wan-Hong; Wang Shu-Lian; Zhang Yu; Jia Man-Ke; Li Rui-Ping; Zhang Ai-Qing; Huang Ying-Ping

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    406

    A High-Volume Cryosampler and Sample Purification System for Bromine Isotope Studies of Methyl Bromide  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    A system was developed for collecting from the ambient atmosphere the methyl halides CH3Cl and CH3Br in quantities sufficient for chlorine and bromine isotope analysis. The construction and operation of the novel cryogenic collection system (...

    Brett F. Thornton; Axel Horst; Daniel Carrizo; Henry Holmstrand; Per Andersson; Patrick M. Crill; rjan Gustafsson

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    407

    APS User News, Issue 76  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    6, February 21, 2012 6, February 21, 2012 CONTENTS DIRECTOR'S CORNER Special Announcement: George Srajer Appointed Project Director for the APS Upgrade and Deputy ALD USER MATTERS -- Registration Open for 2012 APS/CNM/EMC Users Meeting: Our User Science Shapes the Future! -- CALLING ALL VIDEO MAKERS! Submit Your Films for the "Usies Awards"! -- LCLS-II New Instruments Workshops March 19-22, 2012 -- NUFO Goes To Washington! -- Tax Presentation Available BRIEFLY NOTED -- Recognitions and Honors -- Users Meeting Satellite Workshop: "SAXS Software Packages Irena and Nika" -- New Web Page Offers Quick Help Links for Users -- New Mural Graces the Wall near Viewing Area -- General User Proposal Deadline for 2012-2 Run: March 9, 2012 =====================================================

    408

    Giant Dielectric Constant Controlled by Maxwell-Wagner Dielectric  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    Giant Dielectric Constant Controlled Giant Dielectric Constant Controlled by Maxwell-Wagner Dielectric Relaxation in Al2O3/TiO2 Nanolaminates Synthesized by Atomic Layer Deposition Giant Dielectric Constant Controlled by Maxwell-Wagner Dielectric Relaxation in Al2O3/TiO2 Nanolaminates Synthesized by Atomic Layer Deposition Nanolaminate consisting of Al2O3 and TiO2 oxide sublayers were synthesized, using atomic layer deposition (ALD) to produce individual layers with atomic scale control. The main goal of this work is to produce robust high dielectric constant layers based on biocompatible materials, such as Al2O3 and TiO2, suitable to fabricate high-capacitance capacitors for microchip embedded energy storage capacitor for implantable biomedical devices. However, these capacitors based on Al2O3/TiO2 nanolaminates can provide

    409

    Safety Overview Committee (SOC)  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    Safety Overview Committee (SOC) Charter Safety Overview Committee (SOC) Charter 1. Purpose The Safety Overview Committee establishes safety policies and ad hoc safety committees. 2. Membership Membership will include the following individuals: APS Director APS Division Directors PSC ESH/QA Coordinator - Chair 3. Method The Committee will: Establish safety policies for the management of business within the APS. Create short-term committees, as appropriate, to address safety problems not covered by the existing committee structure. The committee chairperson meets with relevant safety representatives to discuss safety questions. 4. Frequency of Meetings Safety topics and policies normally are discussed and resolved during meetings of the Operations Directorate or the PSC ALD Division Directors. Otherwise, any committee member may request that a meeting be held of the

    410

    G I A. J. Brcslill, Director halt:: Protection Ci&ieerirG Divisio:l  

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    G G I A. J. Brcslill, Director halt:: Protection Ci&ieerirG Divisio:l H. Glauberrrrr: iiealt;: Protection &;'ineeri::i: Division SURVEY OF IIOOD BUILDING DECO~iTX.fIi~ATIO.:i . 'L. KSH: 3G I viz&Led t.:e Hood Buildiiig on July 3, 1763 wit:. Lr. R. C;iamberli!: axd NY. F. M!sce of the &scac..zetts Institute of Teci:;iolozy, Occupational Medical Service, Mr. R. Hoxell, Massac::usetIs Insti.t.ule of Tec:fioloGy, Btlilding Maintenance, and NE. P. Russo of Cx-Rad, to perform a fhal radiatioi: survey of the site remairs. Tr.e building was completely denolisi:ed except for t e baseme:% vizlls a:.d sections of tiie colicrete flax. All ~buildir;;: materials aid debris assodiated witri the demolition p?&se ilad bee:: removed from '~:ie si.Le a;ld properly

    411

    Epitaxial Growth of GaN-based LEDs on Simple Sacrificial Substrates  

    SciTech Connect

    The objective of this project is to produce alternative substrate technologies for GaN-based LEDs by developing an ALD interlayer of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} on sacrificial substrates such as ZnO and Si. A sacrificial substrate is used for device growth that can easily be removed using a wet chemical etchant leaving only the thin GaN epi-layer. After substrate removal, the GaN LED chip can then be mounted in several different ways to a metal heat sink/reflector and light extraction techniques can then be applied to the chip and compared for performance. Success in this work will lead to high efficiency LED devices with a simple low cost fabrication method and high product yield as stated by DOE goals for its solid state lighting portfolio.

    Ian Ferguson; Chris Summers

    2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    412

    PowerPoint Presentation  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    RHIC Status & Plans RHIC Status & Plans Steve Vigdor NSAC Implementation Subcommittee Hearings Sept. 7, 2012 Upcoming Speakers & Topics: I. S. Vigdor (BNL ALD) - Facility status and plans; science accomplishments and goals; timeline for next decade; path to eRHIC II. U. Wiedemann (CERN) - - Theory drivers & view from LHC III. P. Sorensen (2008 George E. Valley Prize) - RHIC physics with soft probes IV. Y. Akiba (201 1 Nishina Memorial Prize) - RHIC physics with hard probes V. S. Vigdor - Take- away messages & answers to questions Incremental Upgrades ⇒ Dramatic Improvements in Collider Performance & Versatility 2 new colliding beam species in 2012 B h+v pickups Y h+v kickers B h+v kickers Y h+v pickups Measure deviations

    413

    APS Users Organization  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    APSUO APSUO By-Laws Steering Commitee Employment Meetings Compton Award Franklin Award APS Users Organization The APSUO is responsible for advising the APS Associate Laboratory Director in the following areas: The Organization will serve as an advocacy group for the Facility and its user community. The Organization will provide advice to the ALD on matters affecting the user community. The Organization will assure good communication between the APS user community and the APS management. APSUO By-Laws The by-laws upon which the APS User Organization is based. List of Steering Committee Members Steering committee for the APS Users Organization. Employment Bulletin Board APS-related employment opportunities. APSUO Steering Committee Meetings Minutes and presentations from the APSUO meetings.

    414

    PREPRINT  

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    JC- 130518 JC- 130518 PREPRINT Synthesis, Scale-up and Characterization of 2,6-Diamino-3,5-dinitropyrazine-l-oxide (LLM-105) Philip F. Pagoria, Alexander R. Mitchell, Robert D. Schmidt Randall L. Simpson, Frank Garcia, Jerry W. Forbes Rosalind W. Swansiger, D. Mark Hoffman This paper was prepared for submittal to the JOWOG 9, Ald ermaston, England June 22-26,1998 April 27, 1998 This is a preprint of a paper intended for publication in a journal or proceedings Since changes may be made before publication, this preprint is made available with the understanding that it will not be cited or reproduced without the permission of the . author DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor the

    415

    SOURCE_12_AUG_03.qxd  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    Cont'd. on page 6 Cont'd. on page 6 "If we build it they will come" has never been truer than when applied to the APS and its users. More than 5,000 members of the synchrotron radiation research community are signed up to carry out research at the APS. As the num- ber of APS users continues to grow, the facility is evolving, finding new ways (and improving on established practices) to better serve our client base. Whether these changes involve reorganizing divisions or technological innovation, the goal is always to provide an environment where users can make the most of their time here. In this first of a series, we look at ways the APS Operations Division (AOD) is responding to these challenges. As one of his performance goals for the APS, ALD Murray Gibson committed to allocating more of the FY03

    416

    APS SAC Policy  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    APS Scientific Advisory Committee Policy Adopted 1/21/2003 The Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) inherits and expands the role of the former Program Evaluation Board (PEB). It advises the Associate Laboratory Director for the APS (ALD/APS) with the following responsibilities: Scope To evaluate the scientific output and facility utilization for all APS sectors. To examine performance and recommend appropriate beamtime allocation for existing Collaborative Access Teams (CATs). To evaluate Letters of Intent and scientific proposals for new and reconstituted CATs. To provide advice to and review decisions by APS management on special operations support for CATs. To review proposals for Partner User access, a new access mode that will guarantee 10-30% the beam time per year on any sector for a finite

    417

    Embedding a carbon nanotube across the diameter of a solid state nanopore  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    A fabrication method for positioning and embedding a single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) across the diameter of a solid state nanopore is presented. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is used to grow SWNTs over arrays of focused ion beam (FIB) milled pores in a thin silicon nitride membrane. This typically yields at least one pore whose diameter is centrally crossed by a SWNT. The final diameter of the FIB pore is adjusted to create a nanopore of any desired diameter by atomic layer deposition (ALD), simultaneously embedding and insulating the SWNT everywhere but in the region that crosses the diameter of the final nanopore, where it remains pristine and bare. This nanotube-articulated nanopore is an important step towards the realization of a new type of detector for biomolecule sensing and electronic characterization, including DNA sequencing.

    E. S. Sadki; S. Garaj; D. Vlassarev; J. A. Golovchenko; D. Branton

    2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    418

    Hardware authentication using transmission spectra modified optical fiber.  

    SciTech Connect

    The ability to authenticate the source and integrity of data is critical to the monitoring and inspection of special nuclear materials, including hardware related to weapons production. Current methods rely on electronic encryption/authentication codes housed in monitoring devices. This always invites the question of implementation and protection of authentication information in an electronic component necessitating EMI shielding, possibly an on board power source to maintain the information in memory. By using atomic layer deposition techniques (ALD) on photonic band gap (PBG) optical fibers we will explore the potential to randomly manipulate the output spectrum and intensity of an input light source. This randomization could produce unique signatures authenticating devices with the potential to authenticate data. An external light source projected through the fiber with a spectrometer at the exit would 'read' the unique signature. No internal power or computational resources would be required.

    Grubbs, Robert K.; Romero, Juan A.

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    419

    Shape-selective catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch chemistry : atomic layer deposition of active catalytic metals. Activity report : January 1, 2005 - September 30, 2005.  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    Argonne National Laboratory is carrying out a research program to create, prepare, and evaluate catalysts to promote Fischer-Tropsch (FT) chemistry - specifically, the reaction of hydrogen with carbon monoxide to form long-chain hydrocarbons. In addition to needing high activity, it is desirable that the catalysts have high selectivity and stability with respect to both mechanical strength and aging properties. The broad goal is to produce diesel fraction components and avoiding excess yields of both light hydrocarbons and heavy waxes. Originally the goal was to prepare shape-selective catalysts that would limit the formation of long-chain products and yet retain the active metal sites in a protected 'cage.' Such catalysts were prepared with silica-containing fractal cages. The activity was essentially the same as that of catalysts without the cages. We are currently awaiting follow-up experiments to determine the attrition strength of these catalysts. A second experimental stage was undertaken to prepare and evaluate active FT catalysts formed by atomic-layer deposition [ALD] of active components on supported membranes and particulate supports. The concept was that of depositing active metals (i.e. ruthenium, iron or cobalt) upon membranes with well defined flow channels of small diameter and length such that the catalytic activity and product molecular weight distribution could be controlled. In order to rapidly evaluate the catalytic membranes, the ALD coating processes were performed in an 'exploratory mode' in which ALD procedures from the literature appropriate for coating flat surfaces were applied to the high surface area membranes. Consequently, the Fe and Ru loadings in the membranes were likely to be smaller than those expected for complete monolayer coverage. In addition, there was likely to be significant variation in the Fe and Ru loading among the membranes due to difficulties in nucleating these materials on the aluminum oxide surfaces. The first series of experiments using coated membranes demonstrated that the technology needed further improvement. Specifically, observed catalytic FT activity was low. This low activity appeared to be due to: (1) low available surface area, (2) atomic deposition techniques that needed improvements, and (3) insufficient preconditioning of the catalyst surface prior to FT testing. Therefore, experimentation was expanded to the use of particulate silica supports having defined channels and reasonably high surface area. This later experimentation will be discussed in the next progress report. Subsequently, we plan to evaluate membranes after the ALD techniques are improved with a careful study to control and quantify the Fe and Ru loadings. The preconditioning of these surfaces will also be further developed. (A number of improvements have been made with particulate supports; they will be discussed in the subsequent report.) In support of the above, there was an opportunity to undertake a short study of cobalt/promoter/support interaction using the Advanced Photon Source (APS) of Argonne. Five catalysts and a reference cobalt oxide were characterized during a temperature programmed EXAFS/XANES experimental study with the combined effort of Argonne and the Center for Applied Energy Research (CAER) of the University of Kentucky. This project was completed, and it resulted in an extensive understanding of the preconditioning step of reducing Co-containing FT catalysts. A copy of the resulting manuscript has been submitted and accepted for publication. A similar project was undertaken with iron-containing FT catalysts; the data is currently being studied.

    Cronauer, D. C. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    420

    Picosun | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Picosun Picosun Jump to: navigation, search Name Picosun Place Finland Product Picosun is an international equipment manufacturer with a world-wide sales and service organization. We develop and manufacture Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) reactors for micro- and nanotechnology applications. References Picosun[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Picosun is a company located in Finland . References ↑ "Picosun" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Picosun&oldid=349740" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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    421

    SRF Materials: Fundamental studies of interfacial oxidation chemistry of niobium  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    ANL/FNAL/UC Collaboration meeting 27 Nov 2007 ANL/FNAL/UC Collaboration meeting 27 Nov 2007 SRF Materials: Fundamental studies of interfacial oxidation chemistry of niobium Lance Cooley - FNAL Mike Pellin, Jim Norem - ANL Steve Sibener - UC John Zasadzinski, Thomas Prolier - IIT f ANL/FNAL/UC Collaboration meeting 27 Nov 2007 May 2007 SRF Materials Workshop @ FNAL energized 2 collaborations being reported here * Atomic layer deposition of conformal coatings onto cavities (Pellin, Zasadzinski, Prolier, Norem, Antoine/Wu/Cooley) - Directly probe surface superconductivity (SC) via 1.5 K STM + XPS surface composition - Nb oxidation layer proximity effects! - ALD Al 2 O 3 coated cavity first, for oxidation control; multilayer- coated cavity later - A new philosophy: build up, not etch down - First annealing results reveal oxidation vs

    422

    Effects of Air Emissions Controls on Coal Combustion Products: Interim Data Report  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) is collecting information describing the effects of air emissions controls on coal combustion products (CCPs) as they pertain to disposal and use. Specifically, data are being collected to assess the impacts of calcium bromide (CaBr2) addition to coal, refined coal, halogen injection in the boiler, brominated activated carbon injection (BrACI) in the flue gas, dry sorbent injection (DSI) in the flue gas, and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) ...

    2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    423

    MPI-PhT/2003-28 Some results on distinction of Higgs boson models  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    MPI-PhT/2003-28 Some results on distinction of Higgs boson models #3; Jaume Guasch a , Wolfgang on the analysis of the ratio of branching ratios R = BR(H ! b #22; b)=BR(H ! #28; + #28; ) of Higgs boson decays and the e + e Linear Collider at 500 GeV center of mass energy. The search of a Higgs boson is nowadays

    424

    Criticality Safety Basics for INL Emergency Responders  

    SciTech Connect

    This document is a modular self-study guide about criticality safety principles for Idaho National Laboratory emergency responders. This guide provides basic criticality safety information for people who, in response to an emergency, might enter an area that contains much fissionable (or fissile) material. The information should help responders understand unique factors that might be important in responding to a criticality accident or in preventing a criticality accident while responding to a different emergency. <br>> This study guide specifically supplements web-based training for firefighters (0INL1226) and includes information for other Idaho National Laboratory first responders. However, the guide audience also includes other first responders such as radiological control personnel.<br>> For interested readers, this guide includes clearly marked additional information that will not be included on tests. The additional information includes historical examples (Been there. Done that.), as well as facts and more in-depth information (Did you know ). <br>> INL criticality safety personnel revise this guide as needed to reflect program changes, user requests, and better information. Revision 0, issued May 2007, established the basic text. Revision 1 incorporates operation, program, and training changes implemented since 2007. Revision 1 increases focus on first responders because later responders are more likely to have more assistance and guidance from facility personnel and subject matter experts. Revision 1 also completely reorganized the training to better emphasize physical concepts behind the criticality controls that help keep emergency responders safe. The changes are based on and consistent with changes made to course 0INL1226.<br>>

    Valerie L. Putman

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    425

    m005.dvi  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    270) 270) I G (J PC ) = 0 + (2 + + ) f 2 (1270) MASS f 2 (1270) MASS f 2 (1270) MASS f 2 (1270) MASS VALUE (MeV) EVTS DOCUMENT ID TECN COMMENT 1275.1± 1.2 OUR AVERAGE 1275.1± 1.2 OUR AVERAGE 1275.1± 1.2 OUR AVERAGE 1275.1± 1.2 OUR AVERAGE Error includes scale factor of 1.1. 1262 + 1 - 2 ± 8 ABLIKIM 06V BES2 e + e - → J/ψ → γ π + π - 1275 ± 15 ABLIKIM 05 BES2 J/ψ → φ π + π - 1283 ± 5 ALDE 98 GAM4 100 π - p → π 0 π 0 n 1278 ± 5 1 BERTIN 97C OBLX 0.0 p p → π + π - π 0 1272 ± 8 200k PROKOSHKIN 94 GAM2 38 π - p → π 0 π 0 n 1269.7± 5.2 5730 AUGUSTIN 89 DM2 e + e - → 5π 1283 ± 8 400 2 ALDE 87 GAM4 100 π - p → 4π 0 n 1274 ± 5 2 AUGUSTIN 87 DM2 J/ψ → γ π + π - 1283 ± 6 3 LONGACRE 86 MPS 22 π - p → n 2K 0 S 1276 ± 7 COURAU 84 DLCO e + e - → e + e - π + π - 1273.3± 2.3 4 CHABAUD 83 ASPK 17 π - p polarized 1280 ± 4 5 CASON 82 STRC 8 π + p → ∆ ++ π 0 π 0 1281 ± 7 11600 GIDAL 81 MRK2 J/ψ decay 1282 ± 5 6 CORDEN 79 OMEG 12-15 π - p → n 2π 1269 ± 4 10k

    426

    m005.dvi  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    5 5 f 2 (1270) I G (J PC ) = 0 + (2 + + ) f 2 (1270) MASS f 2 (1270) MASS f 2 (1270) MASS f 2 (1270) MASS NODE=M005M NODE=M005M VALUE (MeV) EVTS DOCUMENT ID TECN COMMENT 1275.1 ± 1.2 OUR AVERAGE 1275.1 ± 1.2 OUR AVERAGE 1275.1 ± 1.2 OUR AVERAGE 1275.1 ± 1.2 OUR AVERAGE Error includes scale factor of 1.1. 1262 + 1 - 2 ± 8 ABLIKIM 06V BES2 e + e - → J/ψ → γ π + π - 1275 ± 15 ABLIKIM 05 BES2 J/ψ → φ π + π - 1283 ± 5 ALDE 98 GAM4 100 π - p → π 0 π 0 n 1278 ± 5 1 BERTIN 97C OBLX 0.0 p p → π + π - π 0 1272 ± 8 200k PROKOSHKIN 94 GAM2 38 π - p → π 0 π 0 n 1269.7 ± 5.2 5730 AUGUSTIN 89 DM2 e + e - → 5π 1283 ± 8 400 2 ALDE 87 GAM4 100 π - p → 4π 0 n 1274 ± 5 2 AUGUSTIN 87 DM2 J/ψ → γ π + π - 1283 ± 6 3 LONGACRE 86 MPS 22 π - p → n 2K 0 S 1276 ± 7 COURAU 84 DLCO e + e - → e + e - π + π - 1273.3 ± 2.3 4 CHABAUD 83 ASPK 17 π - p polarized 1280 ± 4 5 CASON 82 STRC 8 π + p → ∆ ++ π 0 π 0 1281 ± 7 11600 GIDAL 81 MRK2 J/ψ decay 1282 ± 5 6 CORDEN 79 OMEG 12-15

    427

    Evaluation of Alkali Bromide Salts for Potential Pyrochemical Applications  

    SciTech Connect

    Transient techniques were employed to study the electrochemical behavior, reduction mechanism and transport properties of REBr3 (RE - La, Nd and Gd) in pure LiBr, LiBr-KBr (eutectic) and LiBr-KBr-CsBr (eutectic) melts. Gd(III) showed a reversible single step soluble-insoluble exchange phenomenon in LiBr melt at 973K. Although La (III), Nd(III) and Gd(III) ions showed reversible behavior in eutectic LiBr-KBr melts, these ions showed a combination of temperature dependent reversible and pseudo-reversible behavior. While both La(III) and Gd(III) showed one step reduction, the reduction of Nd(III) was observed to be a two step process. La metal could be electrodeposited from the ternary electrolyte at a temperature of 673K. Various electrochemical measurements suggest that both binary and ternary bromide melts can potentially be used to electrodeposit high purity RE metals at comparatively lower operating temperatures.

    Prabhat K. Tripathy; Steven D. Herrmann; Guy L. Fredrickson; Tedd E. Lister; Toni Y. Gutknecht

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    428

    Search for B ? Kll and B ? K*ll decays  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We have searched for the flavor-changing-neutral-current (FCNC) decays B ! K` + ` \\Gamma and B ! K ` + ` \\Gamma . Using a data sample of 2.17\\Theta10 6 B B events, we find 90% confidence level upper limits on the branching ratios: BR(B \\Gamma ! K \\Gamma e + e \\Gamma ) ! 1:2 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , BR( B 0 ! K 0 e + e \\Gamma ) ! 1:6 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , BR(B \\Gamma ! K \\Gamma + \\Gamma ) ! 0:9 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , BR( B 0 ! K 0 + \\Gamma ) ! 3:1 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , BR(B \\Gamma ! K \\Gamma e \\Sigma \\Upsilon ) ! 1:2 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 , and BR( B 0 ! K 0 e \\Sigma \\Upsilon ) ! 2:7 \\Theta 10 \\Gamma5 . The limit on B 0 ! K 0 e + e \\Gamma is within a factor of 3 of the branching ratio predicted by the Standard Model. Permanent address: University of Hawaii at Manoa y Permanent address: INP, Novosibirsk, Russia 2 In the Standard Model (SM), flavor-changing-neutral-current (FCNC) decays are fo...

    R. Balest

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    429

    bis(2-pyridylmethylene)propane-1,3diamine]manganese(II) (1/2/1) In-Chul Hwang a and Kwang Ha b *  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    R factor = 0.045; wR factor = 0.116; data-to-parameter ratio = 16.6. There are three different Mn II complexes in the asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Mn(C15H16N4)(H2O)2]Br2-2{[MnBr(C15H16N4)(H2O)]Br} [MnBr2(C15H16N4)]. In the neutral complex, the Mn 2+ ion is six-coordinated in a distorted octahedral environment by four N atoms of the tetradentate ligand N,N0-bis(2-pyridylmethylene)propane-1,3-diamine (bppd) and two bromide ligands. In the two cationic complexes, the Mn 2+ ions are also six-coordinated in similar environments, but one Mn ion is coordinated by four N atoms of bppd, one Br atom and one O atom of a coordinating water molecule, whereas the other Mn ion is coordinated by four N atoms of bppd and two O atoms of water ligands. The complexes with two coordinated Br atoms or two H2O ligands are disposed about a twofold axis through Mn and C atoms with the special positions ( 1 1 2, y, 0) and (0, y,

    Monoclinic C

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    430

    Gas Phase Chromatography of some Group 4, 5, and 6 Halides  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Gas phase chromatography using The Heavy Element Volatility Instrument (HEVI) and the On Line Gas Apparatus (OLGA III) was used to determine volatilities of ZrBr{sub 4}, HfBr{sub 4}, RfBr{sub 4}, NbBr{sub 5}, TaOBr{sub 3}, HaCl{sub 5}, WBr{sub 6}, FrBr, and BiBr{sub 3}. Short-lived isotopes of Zr, Hf, Rf, Nb, Ta, Ha, W, and Bi were produced via compound nucleus reactions at the 88-Inch Cyclotron at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and transported to the experimental apparatus using a He gas transport system. The isotopes were halogenated, separated from the other reaction products, and their volatilities determined by isothermal gas phase chromatography. Adsorption Enthalpy ({Delta}H{sub a}) values for these compounds were calculated using a Monte Carlo simulation program modeling the gas phase chromatography column. All bromides showed lower volatility than molecules of similar molecular structures formed as chlorides, but followed similar trends by central element. Tantalum was observed to form the oxybromide, analogous to the formation of the oxychloride under the same conditions. For the group 4 elements, the following order in volatility and {Delta}H{sub a} was observed: RfBr{sub 4} > ZrBr{sub 4} > HfBr{sub 4}. The {Delta}H{sub a} values determined for the group 4, 5, and 6 halides are in general agreement with other experimental data and theoretical predictions. Preliminary experiments were performed on Me-bromides. A new measurement of the half-life of {sup 261}Rf was performed. {sup 261}Rf was produced via the {sup 248}Cm({sup 18}O, 5n) reaction and observed with a half-life of 74{sub -6}{sup +7} seconds, in excellent agreement with the previous measurement of 78{sub -6}{sup +11} seconds. We recommend a new half-life of 75{+-}7 seconds for {sup 261}Rf based on these two measurements. Preliminary studies in transforming HEVI from an isothermal (constant temperature) gas phase chromatography instrument to a thermochromatographic (variable temperature) instrument have been completed. Thermochromatography is a technique that can be used to study the volatility and {Delta}H{sub a} of longer-lived isotopes off-line, Future work will include a comparison between the two techniques and the use of thermochromatography to study isotopes in a wider range of half-lives and molecular structures.

    Sylwester, Eric Robert

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    431

    The Correlation of Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer Experimental Data for Vertical Falling Film Absorption  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Absorption chillers are gaining global acceptance as quality comfort cooling systems. These machines are the central chilling plants and the supply for cotnfort cooling for many large commercial buildings. Virtually all absorption chillers use lithium bromide (LiBr) and water as the absorption fluids. Water is the refrigerant. Research has shown LiBr to he one of the best absorption working fluids because it has a high affinity for water, releases water vapor at relatively low temperatures, and has a boiling point much higher than that of water. The heart of the chiller is the absorber, where a process of simultaneous heat and mass transfer occurs as the refrigerant water vapor is absorbed into a falling film of aqueous LiBr. The more water vapor absorbed into the falling film, the larger the chiller?s capacity for supporting comfort cooling. Improving the performance of the absorber leads directly to efficiency gains for the chiller. The design of an absorber is very empirical and requires experimental data. Yet design data and correlations are sparse in the open literature. The experimental data available to date have been derived at LiBr concentrations ranging from 0.30 to 0.60 mass fraction. No literature data are readily available for the design operating conditions of 0.62 and 0.64 mass fraction of LiBr and absorber pressures of 0.7 and 1.0 kPa.

    Keyhani, M.; Miller, W.A.

    1999-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    432

    Water adsorption, solvation and deliquescence of alkali halide thin films on SiO2 studied by ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    The adsorption of water on KBr thin films evaporated onto SiO2 was investigated as a function of relative humidity (RH) by ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. At 30percent RH adsorbed water reaches a coverage of approximately one monolayer. As the humidity continues to increase, the coverage of water remains constant or increases very slowly until 60percent RH, followed by a rapid increase up to 100percent RH. At low RH a significant number of the Br atoms are lost due to irradiation damage. With increasing humidity solvation increases ion mobility and gives rise to a partial recovery of the Br/K ratio. Above 60percent RH the increase of the Br/K ratio accelerates. Above the deliquescence point (85percent RH), the thickness of the water layer continues to increase and reaches more than three layers near saturation. The enhancement of the Br/K ratio at this stage is roughly a factor 2.3 on a 0.5 nm KBr film, indicating a strong preferential segregation of Br ions to the surface of the thin saline solution on SiO2.

    Arima, Kenta; Jiang, Peng; Deng, Xingyi; Bluhm, Henrik; Salmeron, Miquel

    2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    433

    High velocity continuous-flow reactor for the production of solar grade silicon. Fourth quarterly report, June 25--September 24, 1978  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    The main effort has been concentrated on investigating the pyrolysis of tribromosilane in a fluid bed reactor. Excellent results have been achieved in this area with the yields running in excess of 90% of the theoretical possible for the reaction given below: 4SiHBr/sub 3/ = 2H/sub 2/ + 3SiBr/sub 4/ + Si. An average growth rate of 0.5 microns per minute, based on starting and ending sieve analysis data for the bed, has been noted. This coating on the particles is a very fine nodular coherent coating. Since the reaction cited generates 3 moles of SiBr/sub 4/ for each mole of Si, an investigation was begun to determine if SiBr/sub 4/ could be converted to SiHBr/sub 3/ by reaction with a heated bed of silicon and hydrogen. Preliminary experiments have shown that this is readily feasible. This factor allows the description of closed loop process in which only silicon is consumed and produced. The cycle is given below. Decomposition: SiHBr/sub 3/ = Si + 2H/sub 2/ + 3SiBr/sub 4/. Conversion: 2H/sub 2/ + SiBr/sub 4/ + Si/sub (met)/ = SiHBr/sub 3/.

    Woerner, L.

    1978-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    434

    Brazil-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Brazil-World Bank Climate Projects Brazil-World Bank Climate Projects Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Transportation Topics Finance, Background analysis Website http://web.worldbank.org/exter Country Brazil UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References World Bank Project Database-Brazil[1] Contents 1 World Bank Active Climate Projects in Brazil 1.1 Sao Paulo Metro Line 5 Project 1.2 BR-GEF Sustainable Transport and Air Quality Project (STAQ) 1.3 First Programmatic Development Policy Loan for Sustainable Environmental Management 1.4 BR Nova Gerar Carbon Finance and Solid Waste Management Project II 1.5 BR Lages Woodwaste Cogeneration 1.6 PCF Sugar Bagasse Cogeneration Project 1.7 Nova Gerar Landfill Rio de Janeiro

    435

    A study of semi-inclusive charmless $B \\to ?X$ decays  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We study semi-inclusive charmless decays $B \\to \\pi X$ in detail, such as $\\bar B^0 \\to \\pi^{\\pm (0)} X$, $B^0 \\to \\pi^{\\pm (0)} X$, $B^{\\pm} \\to \\pi^{\\pm (0)} X$, where $X$ does not contain a charm (anti)quark. We find that the process $\\bar B^0 \\to \\pi^- X$ ($B^0 \\to \\pi^+ X$) can be particularly useful for determination of the CKM matrix element $|V_{ub}|$. We calculate and present the branching ratio (BR) of $\\bar B^0 \\to \\pi^- X$ as a function of $|V_{ub}|$, with an estimate of possible uncertainties. It is expected that the BR is an order of $10^{-4}$. Our estimation indicates that one can phenomenologically determine $|V_{ub}|$ with reasonable accuracy by measuring the BR of $\\bar B^0 \\to \\pi^- X$ ($B^0 \\to \\pi^+ X$).

    C. S. Kim; Jake Lee; Sechul Oh; J. S. Hong; D. Y. Kim; H. S. Kim

    2002-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    436

    Metabolism and disposition of 1-bromopropane in rats and mice following inhalation or intravenous administration  

    SciTech Connect

    Workplace exposure to 1-bromopropane (1-BrP) can potentially occur during its use in spray adhesives, fats, waxes, and resins. 1-BrP may be used to replace ozone depleting solvents, resulting in an increase in its annual production in the US, which currently exceeds 1 million pounds. The potential for human exposure to 1-BrP and the reports of adverse effects associated with potential occupational exposure to high levels of 1-BrP have increased the need for the development of biomarkers of exposure and an improved understanding of 1-BrP metabolism and disposition. In this study, the factors influencing the disposition and biotransformation of 1-BrP were examined in male F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice following inhalation exposure (800 ppm) or intravenous administration (5, 20, and 100 mg/kg). [1,2,3-{sup 13}C]1-BrP and [1-{sup 14}C]1-BrP were administered to enable characterization of urinary metabolites using NMR spectroscopy, LC-MS/MS, and HPLC coupled radiochromatography. Exhaled breath volatile organic chemicals (VOC), exhaled CO{sub 2}, urine, feces, and tissues were collected for up to 48 h post-administration for determination of radioactivity distribution. Rats and mice exhaled a majority of the administered dose as either VOC (40-72%) or {sup 14}CO{sub 2} (10-30%). For rats, but not mice, the percentage of the dose exhaled as VOC increased between the mid ({approx} 50%) and high ({approx} 71%) dose groups; while the percentage of the dose exhaled as {sup 14}CO{sub 2} decreased (19 to 10%). The molar ratio of exhaled {sup 14}CO{sub 2} to total released bromide, which decreased as dose increased, demonstrated that the proportion of 1-BrP metabolized via oxidation relative to pathways dependent on glutathione conjugation is inversely proportional to dose in the rat. [{sup 14}C]1-BrP equivalents were recovered in urine (13-17%, rats; 14-23% mice), feces (< 2%), or retained in the tissues and carcass (< 6%) of rats and mice administered i.v. 5 to 100 mg/kg [{sup 14}C]1-BrP. Metabolites characterized in urine of rats and mice include N-acetyl-S-propylcysteine, N-acetyl-3-(propylsulfinyl)alanine, N-acetyl-S-(2-hydroxypropyl)cysteine, 1-bromo-2-hydroxypropane-O-glucuronide, N-acetyl-S-(2-oxopropyl)cysteine, and N-acetyl-3-[(2-oxopropyl)sulfinyl]alanine. These metabolites may be formed following oxidation of 1-bromopropane to 1-bromo-2-propanol and bromoacetone and following subsequent glutathione conjugation with either of these compounds. Rats pretreated with 1-aminobenzotriazole (ABT), a potent inhibitor of P450 excreted less in urine ({down_arrow}30%), exhaled as {sup 14}CO2 ({down_arrow}80%), or retained in liver ({down_arrow}90%), with a concomitant increase in radioactivity expired as VOC ({up_arrow}52%). Following ABT pretreatment, rat urinary metabolites were reduced in number from 10 to 1, N-acetyl-S-propylcysteine, which accounted for > 90% of the total urinary radioactivity in ABT pretreated rats. Together, these data demonstrate a role for cytochrome P450 and glutathione in the dose-dependent metabolism and disposition of 1-BrP in the rat.

    Garner, C.E. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States)]. E-mail: cegarner@rti.org; Sumner, S.C.J. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Davis, J.G. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Burgess, J.P. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Yueh, Y. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Demeter, J. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Zhan, Q. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Valentine, J. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Jeffcoat, A.R. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Burka, L.T. [National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States); Mathews, J.M. [Department of Drug Metabolism and Disposition, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 (United States)

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    437

    Candidate chemical systems for air cooled, solar powered, absorption air conditioner design. Part II. Solid absorbents, high latent heat refrigerants  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    Work done in attempting to qualify absorption refrigeration systems based on refrigerants with intermediate latent heats of vaporization is summarized. In practice, these comprise methanol, ammonia, and methylamine. A wide variety of organic substances, salts, and mixtures were evaluated in as systematic a manner as possible. Several systems of interest are described. The system, LiClO/sub 3/--LiBr--H/sub 2/O, is a good back up system to our first choice of an antifreeze additive system, and thermodynamically promising but subject to some inconvenient materials limitations. The system, LiBr/ZnBr/sub 2/--methanol, is thermodynamically promising but requires additional kinetic qualification. Chemical stability of the system, LiCNS--ammonia/methylamine with various other third components, does not appear to be adequate for a long-lived system.

    Biermann, W. J.

    1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    438

    Solar liquid-desiccant air-conditioning system. Final report  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    A design for a closed, diurnal, intermittent absorption chiller for passive solar air-conditioning using liquid sorbents has been constructed and tested. LiBr-H/sub 2/O will not work with this design because of its low vapor pressure at the temperature available. The approach has possibilities using the 2 LiBr-ZrBr-CH/sub 3/OH or H/sub 2/O-NH/sub 3/ sorbent refrigerant pairs. The use of H/sub 2/O-NH/sub 3/ appears to be the better candidate because of the lower solution viscosity and less cycle weight, through tank volumes and collector requirements are similar. Further study of other refrigerant pairs such as S-Thiocyanate-ammonia is indicated, however, the difficulties encountered in construction and low potential coefficient of performance, and thus large collection area needed, makes commercialization of such a system doubtful in the foreseeable future.

    Not Available

    439

    Cyclotron emission effect on CMB spectral distortions  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We investigated the role of the cyclotron emission (CE) associated to cosmic magnetic fields (MF) on the evolution of cosmic microwave background (CMB) spectral distortions. We computed the photon and energy injection rates by including spontaneous and stimulated emission and absorption. These CE rates have been compared with those of bremsstrahlung (BR) and double Compton scattering (DC), for realistic CMB distorted spectra at various cosmic epochs. For reasonable MF strengths we found that the CE contribution to the evolution of the CMB spectrum is much smaller than the BR and DC contributions. The constraints on the energy exchanges at various redshifts can be then derived, under quite general assumptions, by considering only Compton scattering (CS), BR, and DC, other than the considered dissipation process. Upper limits to the CMB polarization degree induced by CE have been estimated.

    Carlo Burigana; Andrea Zizzo

    2006-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    440

    Method for production of hydrocarbons from hydrates  

    DOE Patents (OSTI)

    A method of recovering natural gas entrapped in frozen subsurface gas hydrate formations in arctic regions. A hot supersaturated solution of CaCl.sub.2 or CaBr.sub.2, or a mixture thereof, is pumped under pressure down a wellbore and into a subsurface hydrate formation so as to hydrostatically fracture the formation. The CaCl.sub.2 /CaBr.sub.2 solution dissolves the solid hydrates and thereby releases the gas entrapped therein. Additionally, the solution contains a polymeric viscosifier, which operates to maintain in suspension finely divided crystalline CaCl.sub.2 /CaBr.sub.2 that precipitates from the supersaturated solution as it is cooled during injection into the formation.

    McGuire, Patrick L. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    441

    SAPHIRE 8 Software Independent Verification and Validation Plan  

    SciTech Connect

    SAPHIRE 8 is being developed with a phased or cyclic iterative rapid application development methodology. Due to this approach, a similar approach is being taken for the IV&V activities on each vital software object. The IV&V plan is structured around NUREG/BR-0167, Software Quality Assurance Program and Guidelines, February 1993. The Nuclear Regulatory Research Office Instruction No.: PRM-12, Software Quality Assurance for RES Sponsored Codes, March 26, 2007 specifies that RES-sponsored software is to be evaluated against NUREG/BR-0167. Per the guidance in NUREG/BR-0167, SAPHIRE is classified as Level 1. Level 1 software corresponds to technical application software used in a safety decision.

    Rae J. Nims

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    442

    SAPHIRE 8 Software Independent Verification and Validation Plan  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    SAPHIRE 8 is being developed with a phased or cyclic iterative rapid application development methodology. Due to this approach, a similar approach is being taken for the IV&V activities on each vital software object. The IV&V plan is structured around NUREG/BR-0167, Software Quality Assurance Program and Guidelines, February 1993. The Nuclear Regulatory Research Office Instruction No.: PRM-12, Software Quality Assurance for RES Sponsored Codes, March 26, 2007 specifies that RES-sponsored software is to be evaluated against NUREG/BR-0167. Per the guidance in NUREG/BR-0167, SAPHIRE is classified as Level 1. Level 1 software corresponds to technical application software used in a safety decision.

    Rae J. Nims; Kent M. Norris

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    443

    Enhanced T-lymphocyte blastogenic response to tuberculin (PPD) in children of northeast (NE) Thailand supplemented with vitamin A (VA) and zinc (Zn)  

    SciTech Connect

    Beneficial effects of Va and/or Zn supplementation of children in NE Thailand are described in a companion abstract. In the same study, blastogenic response (BR) of T-lymphocytes to concanavalin-A (ConA) and PPD were assayed in cultures containing mononuclear cells (MNC) or whole blood (WB). Methods were previously described. Children were previously vaccinated with BCG. BR to ConA of MNC or WB from children supplemented with VA, Zn, VA + Zn or placebo were similar. BR to PPD of MNC was higher in children receiving VA + Zn than placebo, but not in children supplemented with VA or Zn alone. Data indicate that children with suboptimal VA and Zn nutriture supplemented with < 2 times RDA of these nutrients showed enhanced cellular immunity to PPD. This observation is relevant to BCG immunization program and thus may benefit public health.

    Kramer, T.R.; Udomkesmalee, E.; Dhanamitta, S.; Sirisinha, S.; Charoenkiatkul, S.; Tantipopipat, S.; Banjong, O.; Rojroongwasinkul, N.; Smith, J.C. Jr. (Dept. of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD (United States) Mahidol Univ., Nakhon Pathom (Thailand))

    1991-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    444

    Deformation study of separator pellets for thermal batteries  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    The deformation characteristics of pellets of electrolyte-binder (EB) mixes based on MgO were measured under simulated, thermal-battery conditions. Measurements (using a statistically designed experimental strategy) were made as a function of applied pressure, temperature, and percentage of theoretical density for four molten-salt electrolytes at two levels of MgO. The EB mixes are used as separators in Li-alloy thermal batteries. The electrolytes included LiCl-KCI eutectic, LiCl-LiBr-KBr eutectic, LiBr-KBr-LiF eutectic, and a LiCl-LiBr-LiF electrolyte with a minimum-melting composition. The melting points ranged from 313 C to 436 C. The experimental data were used to develop statistical models that approximate the deformation behavior of pellets of the various EB mixes over the range of experimental conditions we examined. This report, discusses the importance of the deformation response surfaces to thermal-battery design.

    Guidotti, R.A.; Reinhardt, F.W.; Thomas, E.V.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    445

    FLUORIDE VOLATILITY PROCESS FOR THE RECOVERY OF URANIUM  

    DOE Patents (OSTI)

    The separation and recovery of uraniunn from contaminants introduced by neutron irradiation by a halogenation and volatilization method are described. The irradiated uranium is dissolved in bromine trifluoride in the liquid phase. The uranium is converted to the BrF/sub 3/ soluble urmium hexafluoride compound whereas the fluorides of certain contaminating elements are insoluble in liquid BrF/sub 3/, and the reaction rate of the BrF/sub 3/ with certain other solid uranium contamirnnts is sufficiently slower than the reaction rate with uranium that substantial portions of these contaminating elements will remain as solids. These solids are then separated from the solution by a distillation, filtration, or centrifugation step. The uranium hexafluoride is then separated from the balance of the impurities and solvent by one or more distillations.

    Katz, J.J.; Hyman, H.H.; Sheft, I.

    1958-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    446

    High Extraction Phosphors for Solid State Lighting  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    We have developed high-index, high efficiency bulk luminescent materials and novel nano-sized phosphors for improved solid-state white LED lamps. These advances can potentially contribute to reducing the loss in luminous efficiencies due to scattering, re-absorption, and thermal quenching. The bulk and nanostructured luminescent materials investigated are index matched to GaN and have broad and size-tunable absorption bands, size and impurity tuned emission bands, size-driven elimination of scattering effects, and a separation between absorption and emission bands. These innovations were accomplished through the use of novel synthesis techniques suitable for high volume production for LED lamp applications. The program produced a full-color set of high quantum yield phosphors with high chemical stability. In the bulk phosphor study, the ZnSeS:Cu,Ag phosphor was optimized to achieve >91% efficiency using erbium (Er) and other activators as sensitizers. Detailed analysis of temperature quenching effects on a large number of ZnSeS:Cu,Ag,X and strontium- and calcium-thiogallate phosphors lead to a breakthrough in the understanding of the ??anti-quenching? behavior and a physical bandgap model was developed of this phenomena. In a follow up to this study, optimized phosphor blends for high efficiency and color performance were developed and demonstrated a 2-component phosphor system with good white chromaticity, color temperature, and high color rendering. By extending the protocols of quantum dot synthesis, ??large? nanocrystals, greater than 20 nm in diameter were synthesized and exhibited bulk-like behavior and blue light absorption. The optimization of ZnSe:Mn nanophosphors achieved ~85% QE The limitations of core-shell nanocrystal systems were addressed by investigating alternative deltadoped structures. To address the manufacturability of these systems, a one-pot manufacturing protocol was developed for ZnSe:Mn nanophosphors. To enhance the stability of these material systems, the encapsulation of ZnSeS particle phosphors and ZnSeS screens with Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and TiO{sub 2} using ALD was shown to improve the stability by >8X and also increased the luminescence efficiency due to improved surface passivation and optical coupling. A large-volume fluidized bed ALD system was designed that can be adapted to a commercial ALD or vapor deposition system. Throughout the program, optical simulations were developed to evaluate and optimize various phosphor mixtures and device configurations. For example, to define the scattering properties of nanophosphors in an LED device or in a stand-off screen geometry. Also this work significantly promoted and assisted in the implementation of realistic phosphor material models into commercial modeling programs.

    Chris Summers; Hisham Menkara; Brent Wagner

    2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    447

    New Homogeneous Standards by Atomic Layer Deposition for Synchrotron X-ray Fluorescence and Absorption Spectroscopies.  

    SciTech Connect

    Quantification of synchrotron XRF analyses is typically done through comparisons with measurements on the NIST SRM 1832/1833 thin film standards. Unfortunately, these standards are inhomogeneous on small scales at the tens of percent level. We are synthesizing new homogeneous multilayer standards using the Atomic Layer Deposition technique and characterizing them using multiple analytical methods, including ellipsometry, Rutherford Back Scattering at Evans Analytical, Synchrotron X-ray Fluorescence (SXRF) at Advanced Photon Source (APS) Beamline 13-ID, Synchrotron X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) at Advanced Light Source (ALS) Beamlines 11.0.2 and 5.3.2.1 and by electron microscopy techniques. Our motivation for developing much-needed cross-calibration of synchrotron techniques is borne from coordinated analyses of particles captured in the aerogel of the NASA Stardust Interstellar Dust Collector (SIDC). The Stardust Interstellar Dust Preliminary Examination (ISPE) team have characterized three sub-nanogram, {approx}1{micro}m-sized fragments considered as candidates to be the first contemporary interstellar dust ever collected, based on their chemistries and trajectories. The candidates were analyzed in small wedges of aerogel in which they were extracted from the larger collector, using high sensitivity, high spatial resolution >3 keV synchrotron x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (SXRF) and <2 keV synchrotron x-ray transmission microscopy (STXM) during Stardust ISPE. The ISPE synchrotron techniques have complementary capabilities. Hard X-ray SXRF is sensitive to sub-fg mass of elements Z {ge} 20 (calcium) and has a spatial resolution as low as 90nm. X-ray Diffraction data were collected simultaneously with SXRF data. Soft X-ray STXM at ALS beamline 11.0.2 can detect fg-mass of most elements, including cosmochemically important oxygen, magnesium, aluminum and silicon, which are invisible to SXRF in this application. ALS beamline 11.0.2 has spatial resolution better than 25 nm. Limiting factors for Stardust STXM analyses were self-imposed limits of photon dose due to radiation damage concerns, and significant attenuation of <1500 eV X-rays by {approx}80{micro}m thick, {approx}25 mg/cm{sup 3} density silica aerogel capture medium. In practice, the ISPE team characterized the major, light elements using STXM (O, Mg, Al, Si) and the heavier minor and trace elements using SXRF. The two data sets overlapped only with minor Fe and Ni ({approx}1% mass abundance), providing few quantitative cross-checks. New improved standards for cross calibration are essential for consortium-based analyses of Stardust interstellar and cometary particles, IDPs. Indeed, they have far reaching application across the whole synchrotron-based analytical community. We have synthesized three ALD multilayers simultaneously on silicon nitride membranes and silicon and characterized them using RBS (on Si), XRF (on Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}) and STXM/XAS (holey Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}). The systems we have started to work with are Al-Zn-Fe and Y-Mg-Er. We have found these ALD multi-layers to be uniform at {micro}m- to nm scales, and have found excellent consistency between four analytical techniques so far. The ALD films can also be used as a standard for e-beam instruments, eg., TEM EELS or EDX. After some early issues with the consistency of coatings to the back-side of the membrane windows, we are confident to be able to show multi-analytical agreement to within 10%. As the precision improves, we can use the new standards to verify or improve the tabulated cross-sections.

    Butterworth, A.L.; Becker, N.; Gainsforth, Z.; Lanzirotti, A.; Newville, M.; Proslier, T.; Stodolna, J.; Sutton, S.; Tyliszczak, T.; Westphal, A.J.; Zasadzinski, J. (UCB)

    2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    448

    Testing of Crystallization Temperature of a New Working Fluid for Absorption Heat Pump Systems  

    SciTech Connect

    Lithium bromide/water (LiBr/water) absorption systems are potential candidates for absorption heat pump water heating applications since they have been widely commercialized for cooling applications. One drawback to LiBr/water absorption water heater systems is that they are unable to operate at typical water heating temperatures due to solution crystallization hazards. Binary or ternary mixtures, serving as working fluids, were reported (Ally, 1988; Herold et al., 1991; Iyoki and Uemura, 1981; Yasuhide Nemoto et al., 2010; Zogg et al., 2005) to help improve the absorption performance or avoid crystallization of absorption heat pump systems. A recent development (De Lucas et al., 2007) investigated the use of a ternary mixture of aqueous mixture of lithium bromide and sodium formate (CHO2Na). The new working fluid composition maintains a ratio of LiBr/CHO2Na of 2 by weight. This new working fluid is a potential competitor to aqueous LiBr solution in absorption system due to higher water vapor absorption rates and lower generation temperature needed (De Lucas et al., 2004). There exists data on equilibrium performance and other physical properties of this new working fluid. However, there is no available data on crystallization behavior. Crystallization temperature is crucial for the design of absorption heat pump water heater in order to avoid crystallization hazards during operation. We have therefore conducted a systematic study to explore the crystallization temperature of LiBr/CHO2Na water solution and compared it against aqueous LiBr solutions. These results were then used to evaluate the feasibility of using the new working fluid in water heating applications showing limited potential.

    Wang, Kai [ORNL; Kisari, Padmaja [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    449

    Measurement of baryon production in B -meson decay  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    Using the CLEO detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we observe {ital B}-meson decays to {Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +} and report on improved measurements of inclusive branching fractions and momentum spectra of other baryons. For the inclusive decay {ital {bar B}}{r arrow}{Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{ital X} with {Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{r arrow}{ital pK}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}, we find that the product branching fraction {ital B}({ital {bar B}}{r arrow}{Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{ital X}){ital B}({Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{r arrow}{ital pK}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +})=(0.273{plus minus}0.051{plus minus} 0.039)%. Our measured inclusive branching fractions to noncharmed baryons are {ital B}({ital B}{r arrow}{ital pX})=(8.0{plus minus}0.5{plus minus}0.3)%, {ital B}({ital B}{r arrow}{Lambda}{ital X})=(3.8{plus minus}0.4{plus minus}0.6)%, and {ital B}({ital B}{r arrow}{Xi}{sup {minus}}{ital X})=(0.27{plus minus}0.05{plus minus}0.04)%. From these rates and studies of baryon-lepton and baryon-antibaryon correlations in {ital B} decays, we have estimated the branching fraction {ital B}({ital {bar B}}{r arrow}{Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{ital X}) to be (6.4{plus minus}0.8{plus minus}0.8)%. Combining these results, we calculate {ital B}({Lambda}{sub {ital c}}{sup +}{r arrow}{ital pK}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +}) to be (4.3{plus minus}1.0{plus minus}0.8)%.

    Crawford, G.; Fulton, R.; Jensen, T.; Johnson, D.R.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Malchow, R.; Morrow, F.; Whitmore, J.; Wilson, P.; Bortoletto, D.; Brown, D.; Dominick, J.; McIlwain, R.L.; Miller, D.H.; Modesitt, M.; Ng, C.R.; Schaffner, S.F.; Shibata, E.I.; Shipsey, I.P.J.; Battle, M.; Kroha, H.; Sparks, K.; Thorndike, E.H.; Wang, C.; Alam, M.S.; Kim, I.J.; Li, W.C.; Lou, X.C.; Nemati, B.; Romero, V.; Sun, C.R.; Wang, P.; Zoeller, M.M.; Goldberg, M.; Haupt, T.; Horwitz, N.; Jain, V.; Kennett, R.; Mestayer, M.D.; Moneti, G.C.; Rozen, Y.; Rubin, P.; Skwarnicki, T.; Stone, S.; Thusalidas, M.; Yao, W.; Zhu, G.; Barnes, A.V.; Bartelt, J.; Csorna, S.E.; Letson, T.; Alexander, J.; Artuso, M.; Bebek, C.; Berkelman, K.; Besson, D.; Browder, T.; Cassel, D.G.; Cheu, E.; Coffman, D.M.; Drell, P.S.; Ehrlich, R.; Galik, R.S.; Garcia-Sciveres, M.; Geiser, B.; Gittelman, B.; Gray, S.W.; Hartill, D.L.; Heltsley, B.K.; Honscheid, K.; Kandaswamy, J.; Katayama, N.; Kreinick, D.L.; Lewis, J.D.; Ludwig, G.S.; Mas

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    450

    Electron Rescattering in Above-Threshold Photodetachment of Negative Ions  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    We present experimental and theoretical results on photodetachment of Br{sup -} and F{sup -} in a strong infrared laser field. The observed photoelectron spectra of Br{sup -} exhibit a high-energy plateau along the laser polarization direction, which is identified as being due to the rescattering effect. The shape and the extension of the plateau is found to be influenced by the depletion of negative ions during the interaction with the laser pulse. Our findings represent the first observation of electron rescattering in above-threshold photodetachment of an atomic system with a short-range potential.

    Gazibegovic-Busuladzic, A. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Milosevic, D. B. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Becker, W. [Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Bergues, B.; Hultgren, H.; Kiyan, I. Yu. [Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany)

    2010-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    451

    Electrochemical photovoltaic cells. Project 65021 quarterly technical progress report, July 15-October 15, 1979  

    DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

    During the second quarter of this program we have evaluated the photoelectrochemical performance of single-crystal MoSe/sub 2/ and GaAs, polycrystalline CdSe, and cells with RbAg/sub 4/I/sub 5/ solid electrolyte. MoSe/sub 2/ electrode exhibited very good photoresponse in electrolytes containing Br/sup -//Br/sub 2/ redox couple. The photopotential and photocurrent were larger in acid than in alkaline electrolyte. A power conversion efficiency of about 5% was achieved under 200 mW/cm/sup 2/ Xenon light illumination in the acid medium. The catalytic activity of a platinized platinum electrode toward Br/sup -//Br/sub 2/ redox couple was also better in acid electrolyte than in alkaline electrolyte. Higher current densities were obtained in the acid medium. The MoSe/sub 2/ was found to have good stability in acid and alkaline electrolytes; however, it will be necessary to protect the electrolyte against evaporation of the bromine, oxidation by air, or photodecomposition. GaAs was tested in alkaline electrolytes containing Se/sup 2 -//Se/sub n//sup 2 -/, I/sup -//I/sub 2/ or Br/sup -//Br/sub 2/ redox couple and in acid electrolytes containing Fe/sup +2//Fe/sup +3/, Cr/sup +2//Cr/sup +3/, Sn/sup +2//Sn/sup +4/, Cu/sup +1//Cu/sup +2/, Ti/sup +3//Ti/sup +4/, I/sup -//I/sub 2/ or Br/sup -//Br/sub 2/. Large anodic dark currents were observed in solutions containing Sn/sup +2//Sn/sup +4/ or Cu/sup +1//Cu/sup +2/. The large photoeffects found with the other redox couples were usually accompanied by electrode darkening and decrease in photocurrent with time. Polycrystalline electrodes have been made by thermal vacuum evaporation of CdSe on titanium foil or SnO/sub 2/-coated glass. The CdSe still suffered from poor adherence to the substrates and, therefore, poor photoresponse. A solid electrolyte photoelectrochemical cell was fabricated giving photopotentials of about 300 mV at current densities of about 0.1 mA/cm/sup 2/ under 200 mW/cm/sup 2/ Xenon light illumination.

    Ang, P.G.P.; Sammells, A.F.

    1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    452

    Thermal-hydraulic aspects of flow inversion in a research reactor  

    SciTech Connect

    PARET, a neutronics and thermal-hydraulics computer code, has been modified to account for natural convection in a reactor core. The code was then used to analyze the flow inversion that occurs in a reactor with heat removal by forced convection in the downward direction after a pump failure. Typical results are shown for a number of parameters. Research reactors normally operating much above ten MW are predicted to experience nucleate boiling in the event of a flow inversion. Comparison with experimental results from the Belgian BR2 reactor indicated general agreement although nucleate boiling that was analytically predicted was not noted in the BR2 data.

    Smith, R.S.; Woodruff, W.L.

    1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    453

    ESS 2012 Peer Review - Hydrogen-Bromine Flow Batteries for Grid-Scale Energy Storage - Vincent Battaglia, LBNL  

    Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

    H H 2 /Br 2 Flow Battery for Grid-Scale Energy Storage Venkat Srinivasan, Adam Weber, & Vince Battaglia Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory * DOE ESS Review * Washington, DC * September 26, 2012 vsbattaglia@lbl.gov Purpose Develop a low-cost, energy-storage system with high power density at 80% efficiency Use H 2 and Br 2 in a flow battery Future Plans Modeling Funding from ARPA-E GRIDS, USDOE LBNL: Kyu Taek Cho (Cell studies); Paul Ridgway (Catalysis studies); Sophia Haussener (Transport modeling) Bosch: Paul Albertus (Cost Modeling); Roel Sanchez-Carrera and Boris Kozinsky (Catalyst theory)

    454

    Tuvinian images of demons from Tibet  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    causing deseases see Tucci and Heissig (1970): 193, 195. As such demons the gdon are also briefly characterized by Tseng (2005): 51. For further general remarks on the gdon see Clifford (1984): 148-55. In a text composed by Mi pham rnam rgyal in 1908... . Ri dvags rgyal (Ri dvags rgyal po) deer (ri dvags) (Fig. 3) 3. sKem byed (sKem byed pa) young man (gzhon nu) (Fig. 2) 4. brJed byed (brJed byed pa) fox (wa) (Fig. 4) 5. Khu tshur can raven (bya rog) (Fig. 5) 6. Ma mo human being (mi...

    Schwieger, Peter

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    455

    Computer modeling of the Schottky electron source  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    A computer modeling program that is able to imitate the polyhedral shape of the ZrO/W(100) Schottky cathode is used to compute emission parameters such as the electric field distribution and reduced brightness Br for the various observed end form shapes. This program includes the electronelectron interactions in the beam and their effect on Br. A relationship between the axial field factor ??=?F/Ve and the axial lens factor K?=?(I?/J)1/2 (where F

    Lynwood W. Swanson; Gregory A. Schwind; Sean M. Kellogg; Kun Liu

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    456

    Upscaling Reaction Rate Laws In Geochemical Reactive Transport Using Pore-Scale Network Models Dmitri Kavetski1,2,#, Catherine A. Peters1,$, Michael A. Celia1 and Brent Lindquist3  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , Rutile, Pyrite GY BR Q Pore space Chemical Reactions and Kinetic Rate Laws Primary interest: acid geosequestration studies *aquifer remediation *nuclear waste disposal *other applications Reactive processes occur and examines whether reaction rates applicable at the pore-scale, O(10-100m), are realistic at larger continuum

    Peters, Catherine A.

    457

    Alternative Fueling Station Locations

    Alternative fueling...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    propaneliquefied petroleum gas (LPG), biodiesel, electricity, hydrogen, and liquefied natural gas (LNG), as of April 4, 2012.<br>

    2010-12-14T00:04:52Z 2012-04-04T21:12:52Z To...

    458

    Volume Tiw of Three 21stIntersocietyEnergy Conversion  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    of a water body or by evaporating q COP*hf(-BR) .33(2.5)(1050 --b )(1-.25) water in a cooling tower cooling power plants often use cooling towers. Therefore, to facilitate comparisons it is assumed Thus, M plant cooling towers require blowdown of conditioning effect with a refrigeration heat pump, water -to

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    459

    Magneto-optic study of spatial magnetic-field distribution relaxation in an HTSC film strip after transport current turn-on  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    the spatial distribution B(r) of the magnetic field and that of the current, j(r), in superconducting samples a change in the ex- ternal magnetic field or the current through the sample is also of considerable magnetic-flux motion creep after the current is switched on, which was done by computer simulation

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    460

    New Zealand Energy Data: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    South Island and New Zealand (2009). The fuel types include: hydro, geothermal, biogas, wind, oil, coal, and gas.<br> 2011-01-26T00:20:13Z 2011-01-27T19:47:20Z http:...

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    461

    Former Worker Medical Screening Program 2012 Annual Report  

    Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

    Published February 2013 Published February 2013 Pu Pu Publ b blis s ishe he hed d d Fe Fe Febr br brua ua u ry ry 2 201 013 3 FORMER WORKER MEDICAL SCREENING PROGRAM ANNUAL REPORT ANNUAL REPORT 2 0 1 2 STC STONETURN CONSULTANTS 2012 Former Worker Medical Screening Program * i Table of Contents Abbreviations ............................................................................................................................................iii Foreword .................................................................................................................................................... v Executive Summary .................................................................................................................................

    462

    Constraining msugra parameters with mu->e gamma and mu-e conversion in nuclei  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    We show that, in the MSSM with msugra boundary conditions and seesaw induced neutrino masses, the values of BR(mu->e gamma) and the mu-e conversion rate in a nucleus determine the sign of mu and constrain tan beta in a model independent way.

    Carlos E. Yaguna

    2005-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    463

    Lithium disulfide battery  

    DOE Patents (OSTI)

    Disclosed is a negative electrode-limited secondary electrochemical cell having dense FeS/sub 2/ positive electrode operating exclusively on the upper plateau, a Li alloy negative electrode and a suitable lithium-containing electrolyte. The electrolyte preferably is 25 mole % LiCl, 38 mole % LiBr and 37 mole % KBr. The cell may be operated isothermally.

    Kaun, T.D.

    1986-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    464

    Printed in the United States of America. Available from National Technical Information Service  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    environments, but it underwent stress corrosion cracking in oxygen- or chromate-containing lithium bromide CORROSION CRACKING TESTS IN LiBr-H 20 SOLUTION ...... 11 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONSd METALS AND CERAMICS DIVISION CORROSION OF MATERIALS IN ABSORPTION HEATING AND REFRIGERATION FLUIDS

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    465

    OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL...  

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL DEGAS BR OOKWOOD C OAL D EGAS ST AR ROBIN SONS BEND COAL D EGAS BLU FF COR INNE MOU NDVILLE COAL D EGAS BLU EGU T CR...

    466

    Pair Production of Tau Sneutrinos at Linear Colliders  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    The pair production of tau sneutrinos in $e^{+}e^{-}$ collisions and their subsequent decays are studied in a framework of the supersymmetric extension of the standard model. We present an analysis for the parameter space (BR vs. mass) which could be explored at the future high energy $e^{+}e^{-}$ colliders.

    Ari, V

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    467

    Transportation Energy Use by Mode from EIA AEO 2011 Early Release...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AEO 2011 Early Release<br> 2011-02-15T17:11:53Z 2011-06-03T20:30:54Z http:eia.govforecastsaeoexcelaeotab7.xls I accessed this dataset from a public site. Annually To...

    468

    554 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1993, 115, 554-562 161.12, 163.64;MS 248 (Mt +2), 246 (M+), 155, 126,84 (base peak).  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    peak). HRMS Calcd for C8Hl,N202Br:246.00039. Found: 246.0001. 3-[3-[[2-(Trimethylsilyl procedure as used for the synthesis of compound 32 and obtained as a colorless oil (32%) alone with 221 (8

    Jones, William D.

    469

    A Multiobjective Optimization Approach for General Finite Queueing Networks  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . N. L. C. Brito Departamento de Ci^encias Exatas, Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, 39401-089 - Montes Claros - MG, Brazil E-mail: nilson.brito@unimontes.br A. R. Duarte Departamento de Matem. Cruz Departamento de Estat´istica, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, 31270-901 - Belo Hori- zonte

    Cruz, Frederico

    470

    AEO2011: Natural Gas Imports and Exports

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is Table 135, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into Crude oil, dry natural gas.<br> 2011-07-29T20:40:33Z 2011-08-23T20:46:28Z http:...

    471

    Lessons Learned in Using Social Media for Disaster Relief -ASU Crisis Response Game  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Lessons Learned in Using Social Media for Disaster Relief - ASU Crisis Response Game Mohammad disasters. In the light of these facts, the results from the ASU Crisis Response Game show that people do.Liu)@asu.edu,Augustoa@icmc.usp.br Abstract. In disasters such as the earthquake in Haiti and the tsunami in Japan, people used social media

    Liu, Huan

    472

    Wind profile above the surface boundary layer S.-E. Gryning (1), E. Batchvarova (2) and B. Brmmer (3)  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Wind profile above the surface boundary layer S.-E. Gryning (1), E. Batchvarova (2) and B. Brümmer in predictions of the wind profile in the lowest hundreds me- ters of the atmosphere, being connected to the general increase in height of structures such as bridges, high houses and wind turbines. The hub height

    473

    Search for Charged Higgs Bosons in e+e- Collisions at sqrts(s) = 189-209 GeV  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    A search is made for charged Higgs bosons predicted by Two-Higgs-Doublet extensions of the Standard Model (2HDM) using electron-positron collision data collected by the OPAL experiment at sqrt(s)=189-209 GeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 600 pb-1. Charged Higgs bosons are assumed to be pair-produced and to decay into q qbar, tau nu or A W+-. No signal is observed. Model-independent limits on the charged Higgs-boson production cross section are derived by combining these results with previous searches at lower energies. Under the assumption BR(H+- -> tau nu) + BR(H+- -> qq)=1, motivated by general 2HDM type II models, excluded areas on the [m(H+-), BR(H+- -> tau nu)] plane are presented and charged Higgs bosons are excluded up to a mass of 76.3 GeV at 95% confidence level, independent of the branching ratio BR(H+- -> tau nu). A scan of the 2HDM type I model parameter space is performed and limits on the Higgs-boson masses m(H+-) and m(A) are presented for different choices of tan(beta).

    The OPAL collaboration

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    474

    Effects of emotion recognition training on mood among individuals with high levels of depressive symptoms: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    styles. Eur J Pers 2012, 26:145157. 10. Penton-Voak IS, Bate H, Lewis G, Munaf MR: Effects of emotion perception training on mood in undergraduate students:randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry 2012, 200:13. 11. Harmer CJ, Goodwin GM, Cowen PJ...

    Adams, Sally; Penton-Voak, Ian S; Harmer, Catherine J; Holmes, Emily A; Munaf, Marcus R

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    475

    Allosteric Activation of E2-RING Finger-Mediated Ubiquitylation by a Structurally Defined Specific E2-Binding Region of gp78  

    SciTech Connect

    The activity of RING finger ubiquitin ligases (E3) is dependent on their ability to facilitate transfer of ubiquitin from ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2) to substrates. The G2BR domain within the E3 gp78 binds selectively and with high affinity to the E2 Ube2g2. Through structural and functional analyses, we determine that this occurs on a region of Ube2g2 distinct from binding sites for ubiquitin-activating enzyme (E1) and RING fingers. Binding to the G2BR results in conformational changes in Ube2g2 that affect ubiquitin loading. The Ube2g2:G2BR interaction also causes an 50-fold increase in affinity between the E2 and RING finger. This results in markedly increased ubiquitylation by Ube2g2 and the gp78 RING finger. The significance of this G2BR effect is underscored by enhanced ubiquitylation observed when Ube2g2 is paired with other RING finger E3s. These findings uncover a mechanism whereby allosteric effects on an E2 enhance E2-RING finger interactions and, consequently, ubiquitylation.

    Das, Ranabir; Mariano, Jennifer; Tsai, Yien Che; Kalathur, Ravi C.; Kostova, Zlatka; Li, Jess; Tarasov, Sergey G.; McFeeters, Robert L.; Altieri, Amanda S.; Ji, Xinhua; Byrd, R. Andrew; Weissman, Allan M.; (NCI)

    2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    476

    MPS Model-Based Software Acquisition Process Improvement in Brazil  

    Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

    This paper describes an initiative to improve software acquisition process in Brazil. This initiative was conducted in the context of the MPS.BR Program, a nationwide effort to develop and disseminate the MPS Model both in large organizations and Small ...

    Kival Chaves Weber; Eratostenes Edson Ramalho de Araujo; Danilo Scalet; Edmeia Leonor Pereira de Andrade; Ana Regina Cavalcanti da Rocha; Mariano Angel Montoni

    2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    477

    In high-tech industries, large amounts of reliable, high-quality  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    with the grid, three reciprocating engines, two absorption chillers, and a heat recovery steam generator (HRSGW natural gas-fired fuel cells · Two 70-ton Thermax LiBr absorption chillers · One unfired heat recovery, absorption chillers, and a HRSG. DISTRIBUTED ENERGY PROGRAM PROJECT PROFILE #12;Distributed Energy Project

    478

    Ylides: Stabilization of Novel, Low Valent Carbon-Based Ligands with Applications in Catalysis  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    2 Dipp NBS N PBr 3 Dipp N Ni(COD) 2 Dipp N X PPh 3 Br PPh 39 P Ph 2 Li(thf) x P 8 Ph 2 [RhCl(COD)] 2 Dipp N Rh -LiCl10 P Ph 2 CO -COD Dipp CO N Rh CO 11 P Ph 2 Scheme 2.4.

    Asay, Matt

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    479

    CALCULATION OF PULSED KICKER MAGNETIC FIELD ATTENUATION INSIDE BEAM CHAMBERS  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Petroleum Institute, and CENPES/Petrobrás in Brazil. REFERENCES Agência Nacional do Petróleo (ANP). 1999. http://www.anp.gov.br. Alvarez, P.J.J. and Vogel, T.M. 1995. Degradation of BTEX and their aerobic

    Kemner, Ken

    480

    --No Title--  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    B1 (CF3Br) Quantity Value Units Value Units 0.45665 Specific gravity (20 C, 1 atm) 1.50 g cm-3 Mean excitation energy 210.5 eV Minimum ionization 1.513 MeV g-1cm2 2.270 MeV...

    Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "br ant-eden ald" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
    While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
    they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
    We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
    to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


    481

    --No Title--  

    NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

    B2 (CF2Br2) Quantity Value Units Value Units 0.44901 Specific gravity (20 C, 1 atm) 1.80 g cm-3 Mean excitation energy 284.9 eV Minimum ionization 1.445 MeV g-1cm2 2.601...

    482

    Thomas, J.R. and Clem, A.W, 1991, PWR moderator temperature coefficient via noise analysis: time series methods, Proceedings of SMORNVI, Gatlinburg, 34.01  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , Nucl. Technology 56:484. Tylee, J.L., 1983, On­line failure detection in nuclear power plant in nuclear power plants, Proceedings of the Topical Meeting on Advances in Human Factors Research on Man networks to the operations of nuclear power plants, Nuclear Safety, 32:68 Upadhyaya, B.R., and Kitamura, M

    Pázsit, Imre

    483

    CROSSED MOLECULAR BEAM STUDIES OF CHEMILUMINESCENT REACTIONS  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    L , and M. A. D. F1uendy, Chemic 1ecular Beam 12. A. KantrowP. R. Br J I I Lawley. Chemic al an and 1ey, Chern. I 5) were of brass and chemic Each lens ho 1 der consists of a

    Kahler, Carol Cuzens

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    484

    CD146 expression is associated with a poor prognosis in human breast tumors and with enhanced motility in breast cancer cell lines  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    (Asterand, Detroit, MI, USA). ZR-75-30, T47D, BrCA-MZ-02, MDA-MB-453, MDA-MB- 231, MDA-MB-436 and BT549 cells were cultured in RPMI (Cambrex, Verviers, Belgium) supplemented with 10% heat- inactivated FCS (Invitrogen, Paisley, UK). MCF-7 cells were cultured...

    Zabouo, Gwladys; Imbert, Anne-Marie; Jacquemier, Jocelyne; Finetti, Pascal; Moreau, Thomas; Esterni, Benjamin; Birnbaum, Daniel; Bertucci, Francois; Chabannon, Christian

    2009-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    485

    Offshore Wind Resource Global Wind Potential Supply Curves by...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Offshore Wind Resource Global Wind Potential Supply Curves by Country, Class, and Depth (quantities in GW)<br> 2012-07-12T22:51:45Z 2012-07-13T20:49:20Z I am submitting data from...

    486

    8. R. Q8tavaoa, Chlei, Aooouatability Branoh,  

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    . R. Q8tavaoa, Chlei, Aooouatability Branoh, Ptodu@tlzm Dtioi oa Ilr 1% w% 3, ?. o8nrig110, ahior, Mudlo0.x 8anlpllnQ Plan4 T'RM8pBR OP MXDDIBm XHVBNTORY 01 SF yU'R:'W8 * Ilr;...

    487

    AEO2011: Natural Gas Supply, Disposition, and Prices  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The data is broken down into production, net imports, consumption by sector and price.<br> 2011-07-29T20:18:45Z 2011-08-31T17:50:04Z http:www.eia.govoiaf...

    488

    AEO2011: Electric Power Projections for EMM Region - Texas Regional...  

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    end-use sector, electricity sales, net energy for load, generation by fuel type and price by service category.<br> 2011-08-08T14:57:52Z 2011-08-16T23:43:11Z http:www.eia.gov...

    489

    6 MaxPlanckForschung 4 | 11 ,,Intelligenz", so Chaim Weizmann, ,,ist der  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    - chen Chemie, Wirtschaft und Weltraumfor- schunghervorgebracht­dasbelegtdiehohe wissenschaftliche. Während am Anfang der deutsch-israeli- schen Beziehungen nach dem Holocaust auf deutscher Seite vor allem deutsch-israe- lischen Beziehungen kam der Wissenschaft nach 1945 die Rolle eines Brückenbauers zu

    490

    AFSLUTNINGSRAPPORT Journal nr. 33031-0066  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    ethanol. Endelig er det testet at øge konceptets udbytte ved at producere biogas fra resten af det af gærceller. Fermentering (Xylose) Fermentering (Glucose) Fast brændstof Biogas proces ForbehandlingBiomasse BIOGAS ETHANOL Proces vand H2 Vådoxidation Enzymatisk hydrolysis + C6 fermentering Destillation Anaerob

    491

    Copyright 1983 by the American Psychological Association, Inc.  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . Br Hammastein, P. (1995) 7'knds Ed. Ewf. la, MaynardSmith, J. &Szathmbry,E(1995) ThcMqjor Zhsizions,P.(1995)L Mol. Ewf. 41,127-73l. Law, R.& Lewis, D.H.(1983) Bioi. J. hn.Soc 20, 2.49-276, Douglaq A E. (199

    Timberlake, William D.

    492

    ~ .. -~' -. I-.' : -,'<- " 1 . 1  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . Br Hammastein, P. (1995) 7'knds Ed. Ewf. la, MaynardSmith, J. &Szathmbry,E(1995) ThcMqjor Zhsizions,P.(1995)L Mol. Ewf. 41,127-73l. Law, R.& Lewis, D.H.(1983) Bioi. J. hn.Soc 20, 2.49-276, Douglaq A E. (199

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    493

    Slide 1  

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    t to o 1 10 0: :4 40 0 a am m B Br re ea ak k 10:40 to 11:00 am US Role in the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Dan Collier (NMMSS) 11:00 am to 12:00 pm International Reporting Country...

    494

    ADDITIONAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR NRC WORK Additional Terms and Conditions for NRC Work -March 2012  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    , the NRC may direct the Laboratory/DOE to not publish the work as a NUREG/CR, but publish as a Laboratory shall follow general guidance provided in NUREG/BR-0167, "Software Quality Assurance Program with the designation NUREG/IA-XXXX for international agreement reports or NUREG/CR-XXXX for contractor reports. Details

    495

    Classes Are Starting Soon! Prof"..roMI Photography G,aph~ o..,rgn  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Simone Gori and Val HamburQer, then atthe UnOiersily of FreiburQ in Germany, is a noyel Yariation ofthe .... S~deshows > Mind~Br'" Combiml1iOll of the RO'il1illU_liKed_lilies ""d Enigma Gori and HamburQer

    496

    Image of John Whitehorn  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    Isngiis ^ -: I,e.ss s , ,!a s sR !.:"5 :'!a S s xt .: s siv . . .s .: II'b R "ra ; E E .- E .S . s[ 6{ 'qg R s F; .s\\ sR b'R :,t a -_ s - :d i.: U E I t* *EFRl.r r 'r'#| ...

    Whitehorn, John

    1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    497

    [3] Fred Douglis and Brian Marsh. Low power disk management for mobile computers. Technical  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . In Pro­ ceedings ACM SIGMOD, 1994. [6] Ravi Jain and John Werth. Airdisks and air­ raid, November 1996. [5] T. Imielinski, S. Viswanathan, , and B.R. Badri­ nath. Energy efficient indexing on air 1996. [11] Stanley Zdonik, Michael Franklin, Rafael Alonso, and Swarup Acharya. Are ``Disks in the Air

    California at Berkeley, University of

    498

    [3] Fred Douglis and Brian Marsh. Low power disk management for mobile computers. Technical  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    . In Pro- ceedings ACM SIGMOD, 1994. [6] Ravi Jain and John Werth. Airdisks and air- raid, November 1996. [5] T. Imielinski, S. Viswanathan, , and B.R. Badri- nath. Energy efficient indexing on air 1996. [11] Stanley Zdonik, Michael Franklin, Rafael Alonso, and Swarup Acharya. Are "Disks in the Air

    Han, Richard Y.

    499

    Ris National Laboratory Technical University of Denmark November 2007 Ris Energy Report 6  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    -produceret el konkurrencedyg- tigt i Danmark. Bioethanol er et lovende brændstof til transportsekto- ren, især andengenerations bioethanol produceret af planteaffald som fx halm. Andre flydende biobrændsler #12;Risø Energy advances in biomass conversion and significant changes in energy markets. We even have a new term, "modern

    500

    Heavy metal contamination in highway soils. Comparison of Corpus Christi, Texas and Cincinnati, Ohio shows organic matter is key to mobility  

    E-Print Network (OSTI)

    is located here. Also a fume hood suitable for radioactive work is here. Roghelio is the man to consult cool off (in a Erlenmeyer bottle under running water or using magnetic stirrer) before adding one drop of EtBr 2,5µl/50ml gel solution (stock solution's concentration is 10mg/ml) pipette stock solution

    Maynard, J. Barry